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Form No. 64— 5M— 124-12 


The Argonaut 

JANUARY 1st TO JUNE 30, 1904 

** 51-CUiX 






Adulteration of Food 210 

Advertising, The psychology of 49 

America and Americans 67, 418 

Americans commonplace ? Are 225 

"Argonaut" in New York, The 195 

Automobiles displace electric railways? Will 

the 4i8 

Baltimore fire, The lesson of the 99 

and skyscrapers 177 

Baltimore folks the right sort "3 

Banks, Large business of San Francisco 195 

"Beautiful San Francisco," For a 51 

Billboard evil, The 82 

The problem of the 162 

Biondi and his naughty statuary, Signor. . 370 
Bryan, Money-grabbing proclivities of Will- 
iam J 226 

Return unseduced of 33 

Burton, Conviction for bribery of Senator 

Joseph R 209 

Cabinet, Changes in the 402 

Camino Real, The 50, 274 

Carnivals, The San Francisco New Year.... 2, 17 
Catalo, The new name for the new hybrid.. 211 

Chinese crews incompetent 3°7 

exclusion 242 

in California 402 

labor in South Africa 5 J. 306 

labor, The South wants 210 

Plain facts about 275 

question the world over, The 194 

Christmases, The three 2 

Citizens' Alliance and labor unions 147, 162 

begins the conflict 99 

Growth of the 35 

News of the 211, 259 

Climate here and elsewhere 146 

in Chicago, San Francisco, San Diego.. 19 

New York's lovely 66 

Coal Strike? Was arbitration a failure in.. 161 

College men branded 1 63 

Colon, Wreck of the 258 

Colorado, Labor troubles in 35, 305, 401 

Congo, Further remarks regarding atrocities 

on the 227 

Shameful conditions on the 211 

Congress, Failure of to provide for California 227 

Humors of 65 

Work of the Fifty-Eighth 289 

Sidelights on the ways of 242 

Consumption, fcet us fight 353 

Convention, New York wants Democratic na- 
tional 3 

Convicts, Literature for 1 29 

Cory, Cruel act of Professor 211 

Cuban character unchanged, The 1 14 

Cuba, Orange growing in 34 

Signs of the times regarding 115 

Cunard steamships, The 258 

Death, Court desires proof of 163 

Democracy, A racked and rent 241 

Depew, Confession of Senator Chauncey.... 194 
De Young, Amended interview of Michael H. 339 

Dodge asks for new maps, Assessor 115 

Driving endangers pedestrians, Fast 131 

Edison unfair, Thomas A 34 

Elections in San Francisco, Cost of 3 

Expectoration, The habit of 115 

Fair millions, End of litigation over the.... 338 

Fairmont and its environs, The 387 

Fish — Fresh and San Franciscan 3 

Flower-sellers on $an Francisco streets. .115, 131 
Fourth of July, Chicago's plan for the. .289, 419 

France and the Papacy 225, 370 

Franchise tax decision 131 

Fruit crop small, California 403 


Gayley, Co-education and Professor 51 

Grand Jury's wise recommendation 3 

Grand Vizier and his debts, The 99 

Grunsky, C. Ewald 147 

Hanna, Death of Senator Marcus A 113 

wills nothing to charity, Marcus A. . . . 147 

Health board. Activity of 211 

A new San Francisco 51 

Hearst indorsed by Santa Cruz convention 339 

Some speculations about 369 

Heath, Ability to hang on of Perry S 34 

Hills of San Francisco 1 78 

Immigration to California, Large 67 

Iroquois disaster, The 18 

Issues of the next campaign, The 65, 81, 99 

Japanese exclusion law favored 50 

Japanese-Russian war and the war-corre- 
spondent 179, 195, 385 

and world finance 338 

Larger aspects of the 145 

Prospects for a 18 

The outcome of the 257 

Beginning of the 98 

Events of second week of 114 

Third week of 130 

Fourth week of 146 

Fifth week of 162 

Sixth week of 1 78 

Seventh week of 194 

Eighth week of 209 

Ninth week of 227 

Tenth week of 242 

Eleventh week of 259 

Twelfth week of 275 

Thirteenth week of 290 

Fourteenth week of 3°6 

Fifteenth week of 338 

Sixteenth week of 354 

Seventeenth week of 37* 

Eighteenth week of 386 

Nineteenth week of 402 

Twentieth week of 4*9 

June, Adding a day to 81 

Kaiser and the Danes, German 66 

Labor unions and the militia 13 1 

and the blind 306, 403 

boycott Ancient Order of Hibernians.... 194 

methods of in Calaveras County 50 

Use of spys against 131 

MacArthur, Speech on future of war of 

Major-General 50 

Manchuria, Trade of the United States in 241 

McNab, The mystery of Gavin 354 

Menelik, Skinner's mission to King 193 

Meynell on Californiaisms, Alice 82 

Milk supply, San Francisco's 259 

San Francisco's filthy 338 

Municipal socialism, A discussion of. 227, 243, 259 
Murderers in London and San Francisco.... 51 
Naval Training School, Discussion regarding 67 

Newspapers and magazines 66 

New Year, Outlook at the beginning of the 17 

Northern Securities decision, The 178 

Effect of the 193 

Northern Securities Merger, Dismantling the 227 

Oregon election 387 

Orient, The waking up of the 305 

Oxford, Decadence of 403 

Panama affair, Events of the week in the 3 

Plan to flimflam Colombia in 115 

Secretary Root's defense of our course in 161 

Panama Canal and railway traffic 82 

commission, Difficulty of securing mem- 
bers for 147 

Who will dig the 37> 

Work soon to begin on the 194, 290 

substation, San Francisco as a 258 

Panama, Our vast task in 129 

debate in the Senate 19 

Paper Trust and the newspapers 146 

Parker, Prize red poll bull of Judge 274, 387 

Parliament, Strange occurrence in English 179 

Pension, A service 1:5 

Perdicaris, Capture by bandits of Ion 386 

Philippine shipping bill and the West.... 82, 195 

Philippines, Coffin trade in 1 

Independence for 195 

Secretary Taft talks about the 289 

Strange failure of the garrote in the 18 

Why Southern Democrats supported Re- 
publican policy in the 50 

The settlement of the Friar Lands Ques- 
tion in 3 

Platform of the Republican party, The 418 

Political gossip, State 51, 67, 115, 179, 387 

Postal facilities in San Francisco, Insufficient 66 
Postal scandal, Congressmen involved in the 177 

Presidential candidates, Democratic 

2, 18, 34, 49, 97, 146, 162, 194, 210, 226, 
242, 258, 290, 305, 337, 354, 370. 386, 402, 417 

Produce markets in San Francisco 147 

Prosperity, The outlook for 371, 419 

Quay, Matthew Stanley 370 

Republican state convention 339 

success in national campaign, Outlook for 33 

convention at Chicago 402 

Roosevelt and the Hanna boom, Theodore.. 50 
Another crack in the shield of Theodore 385 
Grip on the nomination of Theodore.... 178 

Nomination of Theodore 4 T 9 

Objections of Democrats to President.... 273 

Trust policy of Theodore 51, 99 

Sacramento River, Floods on the 258 

Salt-water system, A 82, 163, 269 

San Diego, A steel plant for 19s 

School-children, Inspecting 82 

School-teachers* retirement fund 115 

Schmitz, Candidacy for governor of Eugene E. 19 
Schwab, Revelations regarding Shipyards Trust 

and Charles 1 

Senatorship, The contest for the California 

355. 370 

Service pension, President violently attacked 

for ruling in regard to 209 

Shafroth, Resignation from Congress of 130 

Slocum, Burning of the steamboat 418 

South and the Presidency, The 243 

Stanford's nice lake gets away 35 

Suicide, Some aspects of 273 

Sully, Scheme to influence the press of Daniel 

J 19 

Telephone in the country. The 35, 1 14 

letter and time savers, The 290 

Thibet, Benevolent assimiliation in 226 

England's war with 353, 418 

Torpedo, The irresistible 131 

Trades versus the professions, The.. 145, 178, 354 
Treaty Between England and France, A new 257 

Trusts, Popular distrust of 97 

" Two Argonauts in Spain " criticised, con- 
demned, and copied 147 

Pointed Spanish review of 163 

United Railroads, Threatened strike of em- 
ployees of 226, 258, 274 

Settlement of difficulties with employees 

of 290 

Vice-presidential candidate? Who will be the 

Republican 338 

Water front, Improve the 307 

Watterson on McClellan and Roosevelt, Henry 67 

Widber, Release from prison of A. C 35 

Wireless telegraphy and ocean newspapers . . 242 

Progress of 355 

Wonders of 274 


Wood, Likelihood of confirmation of Leonard 19 
Veracity of Root, Wilson, and Leonard 34 

Writing, Slant versus vertical 131 

Yell, The resolution of Warden 2 


A B Z of Our Nutrition, The — Horace 

Fletcher 25 

Addresses and Presidential Messages of Theo- 
dore Roosevelt 409 

Administration of Iowa, The — Harold Martin 

Bowman 57 

Adria — Alexander Nelson Hood 424 

Advanced Bridge — J. B. Elwell 232 

Adventures of an Army Nurse in Two Wars 

— Mary Phiney Monroe 1 69 

Adventures of Elizabeth in Rugen, The — 

Anonymous 216 

African Forest and Jungle, The — Paul Du 

Chaillu 8 

Aids to the Study of Dante — Charles Allen 

Dinsmore 331 

Alaska Boundary — George Davidson 377 

Alladin & Co. — Herbert Quick 330 

American History and Its Geographic Condi- 
tions — Ellen Churchill Semple 265 

American Immortals, The — George Cary Eg- 

gleston 393 

American Myths and Legends — Charles M. 

Skinner 89 

American Natural History, The — William T. 

Hornaday 409 

American Prisoner, The — Eden Phillpotts .... 136 
Among the Great Masters of the Drama — 

Walter Rowlands 137 

Analysis of the Hunting Field, The 73 

Angler's Secret, The — Charles Bradford 137 

Anthony Wayne — John R. Spears 73 

Aunt Jimmv's Will — Mabel Osgood Wright . . 25 
Around the World With a King— William N. 

Armstrong 263 

Arthur Sullivan — H. Saxe Wyndham 345 

Art of the Pitti Palace, The — Julia de W. Ad- 
dison 57 

Asia and Europe — Meredith Townsend 136 

As You Like It— W. J. Rolfe 121 

Bachelor in A ready, A — Halliwell Sutcliffe ... 332 
Backgrounds of Literature — Hamilton Wright 

Mabie 169 

Barbe of Grand Bayou — John Oxenham 121 

Barlasch of the Guard — Henry Seton Merri- 

man 41 

Baronet in Corduroy, The — Albert Lee 89 

Beatrice Book, The — Ralph Harold Bretherton 57 

Beggar's Garden, The — Ruth Lawrence 281 

Barefoot Time, The — Adclbert Farrington 

Caldwell 361 

Bay Psalm Book, The 377 

Being with the Upturned Face, The — Clarence 

Lathbury j 04 

Bessie Bel! — Martha Young 265 

Bishop's Carriage, The — Miriam Michelson ... 232 

Biographic Clinics — Dr. George M. Gould 120 

Bird Center Cartoons — John T. McCutcheon . 296 
Birds of California — Mrs. Irene G. Wheelock 200 

Black Familiars, The— L. B. Walford 41 

Blood Lilies, The— W. A. Fraser 25 

Blount of Breckenhow — Beulah Marie Dix . . 

Blues, The— Dr. Albert Abrams 

Bondage of Ballinger, The — Roswell Fie 
Book of American Humorous Verse, A 

Book of American Prose Humor, A 

Book of Girls, A— Lillian Bell 

Book of Knowledge: Psychic Facts — Dr. I 


BOOK REVIEWS (Continued). 


Book of Months, The — E. F. Benson 33' 

Book of Sun Dial Mottoes. A— Alfred H. 

Hyatt 345 

Book of the Short Story, The— Edited by 

Alexander Tessup and E. S. Canby 281 

Borlase & Son — T. Baron Russell 121 

Bred in the Bone — Thomas Nelson Page.... 408 

Bret Harte — Henry W. Boynton 201 

Brevities — Lisle de Vaux Matthewman . . . . 361 

Bride of Glendarg. The — Allan Mclvor.... .. 409 

Brief History of Rocky Mountain Exploration, 

A — Reuben Gold Thwaites 265 

Broken Rosary, A — Edward Peple 217 

Bruvver Jim's Baby — Philip Yerrill Mighels 360 
Bryan's Dictionary' of Painters and En- 
gravers. Vol. Ill 393 

Builders of the Beautiful— H. L. Piner 57 

Bunch of Roses, and Other Parlor Plays, A — 

M. E. M. Davis 41 

Bunte Geschicbten fur Unfanger — Erna M. 

Stoltze 89 

Business Education and Accountancy — Charles 

Waldo Haskins 1 69 

Butternut Jones — Til Tilford 41 

Cadets of Gascony, The — Burton E. Stevenson 333 
California and the Californians — David Starr 

Jordan 232 

Calumet ** K " — Samuel Merwin and H. K. 

Webster 4°9 

Cambridge Modern History, The — Vol. II 137 

Cap'n Eri: A Story of the Coast — Joseph C. 

Lincoln 185 

Captain's Daughter, The — Gwendolen Overton 41 
Captured by the Navajos — Captain Charles A. 

Curtis * 331 

Cardinal Newman — William Barry 296 

Cathedrals of Northern France, The — Francis 

Milton 89 

Central Asia and Thibet — Sven Hedin 87 

Charles Dudley Warner — Mrs. James T. 

Fields 249 

Charles Kingsley: His Letters and Memories 

of His Life 201 

Chasm, The — Reginald Wright KaufTman and 

Edward Childs Carpenter 25 

Cherry — Booth Tarkington 57 

Children of Men— Bruno Lessing 25 

Children of the Tenements, The — Jacob A. 

Riis IS2 

Christ— S. D. McConnell, D. D-, LL. D 281 

Christian Thai — M. E. Francis 41 

Christmas Stocking, A — Annie Flint 265 

Citizen, The — Nathaniel Southgate Shaler . . . 336 

Clarence King. Memoirs 377 

Close of Day, The — Frank H. Spearman 169 

Prosper Merimee — Hiram Parker 

n 121 

Colonel's 0| =ra Cloak, The — Christine C. 


C^lor Kev ' 1 North American Birds — Frank 

n 331 

•iniature — Margaret Cameron .. 152 

e — Albert Bigelow Paine 281 

et-Guide to Europe, The — Ed 
C. Stedman and Thomas L. Sted- 


'oetical Works of Joaquin Miller 232 

'orks of Frank Norris 25 

Success — William Mathews, 


Raymond Macdonald Alden 232 

Coffee, The — Cyrus Townsend 


1 of the Eyrie — Clinton Scollard 25 
y In rlude, A — Hildegarde Hawthorne 331 
harissa. The — Nevill Meakin and 

• eringham 408 

rs — Thomas Creevey 24 

of Birds, The — Abbie Farwell 

■ 73 

- , The — N. J. Le Cato 296 

2nd tHe Sage, The — Elinor Glyn .... 73 
An Autumn Pastoral — Margaret 

Sherwood 73 

Dale, A — Emerson G. Taylor.. 424 
er of the Rich, A — M. E. Waller .... 57 
Daughter- of Desperation, The — Hildegard 

Brooks 296 

Daughters of Nijo— Onoto Watanna 408 

Day Before Yesterday, The — Sara Andrew 

Shafer 296 

Defense of the Castle, The — Tudor Jenks 137 

Deliverance, The — Ellen Glasgow 104 

Denis Dent — Ernest W. Hornung 201 

Diary of a Superfluous Man, The — Ivan 

Turgenieff 393 

Dollars and Democracy — Sir Philip Burne- 

Jones 249 

Domestic Manners of Americans — Mrs. Trol- 

lope 201 

Dorothea — Maarten Maarlens 4°8 

Dr. Lavcndar's People — Margaret Deland .... 25 

Dr. Xavier — Max Pemberton 121 

Duke of Cameron Avenue, The — Henry Kit- 

cbell Webster 345 

Dutch in Java, The — Clive Day 136 

Easter Story, The — Hannah Warner 232 

Effendi, The— Florence Brooks Whitehouse. . 424 
Eighty Years of Union — James Schouler, 

LL. D 104 

Eleanor Dayton — Nathaniel Stephenson 40 

El Nino dc la Bola — D. Pedro A. Dc Alarcon 152 
English Dance of Death, The — Author of " Dr. 

Syntax " 8 

English Garner, An — Edited by Professor 

Arbcr 345 

English Literature — Richard Garnett and Ed- 
mund Gossc 200 

Eppy Grams by Dinkelspiel — George V. Ho- 

bart 345 

Eiarhaddon — Leo Tolstoy 1 52 

Evolution and Adaptation — Thomas Hunt 

Morgan, Ph. I). 265 

Extracts From Adam's Diary — Mark Twain .. 361 

Fables of ,1£sop and Others, The 104 

Fairy-Talcs Up to Now — Wallace Irwin 232 

Famous Composers* — Nathan Haskell Dole .... 377 
. Legends — Emelinc G. Crommelin . . . 265 

Fanny Burncy — Austin Dobson 8 

Father Marquette — Reuben Gold Thwaites ... 25 
Fat of the Land, The — John Williams Strectcr 185 
Field and Laboratory Exercises and Physical 

Geography — James F. Chamberlain 361 

Field l!->"k of Wild Birds and their Music — 

I-. Schuyler Mathews 393 

First Loves of Pcrilla, The — John Corbin .... 73 

Following the Frontier — Roger Pocock 57 

Food and Cookery for the Sick and Con- 
valescent — Fanny Mcrritt Farmer 152 

Footprints of Former Men in Far Cornwall — 

K. S. Hawker 121 

Forest Hearth, A — Charles Major 41 

Forest. Tb< -Stewart Edward White 201 

Fort Amit; —A. T. Quillcr-Couch 408 

Forty Sorfcs by Johannes Brahms 232 

■■!: Letters Written on a Trip Around 

V arid — Lina Boegli 377 

* idgc Tactics — K. F Poster 137 

is 10 Paradise — Mau<i .Vilder Good- 


k \it Great and the Rise of Prussia 

I". Rcddaway. M. A .* 424 

i Problem in Modern Thought, The — 

■1 1 lallock Johnson 8f 

Involution, The — William Edward 

tpnle Let' y 201 

■ I'lp— Rutl Lbi'lcii '65 


From Empire to Republic — Arthur Howard 

Noll 121 

From Paris to New York by Land — Harry de 

Windt 332 

Fundamentals of Child Study — Edwin A. 

Kirkpatrick 8 

Gardens of the Caribbees — Ida M. H. Starr 104 
Gates of Chance, The — Van Tassel Sutphen. . 409 
Gentleman from Jay, The — George William 

Louttit 25 

Geology — Thomas C. Chamberlain and Rollin 

D. Salisbury 249 

Getting Acquainted with the Trees — J. Horace 

McFarland 361 

Gingham Rose, A — Alice Woods Ullman. . . . 424 
Glimpses of Truth — Rt. Rev. J. L. Spalding 104 
Golden Treasury, The — Selected by Francis 

Turner Palgrave 345 

Gordon Elopement, The — Carolyn Wells and 

Harry Persons Taber 424 

Grafters, The — Francis Lynde 408 

Great Companion, The — Lyman Abbott 232 

Great Poets of Italy, The — Oscar Kuhns 201 

Great Northwest and the Great Lake Region 

of North America, The — Paul Fontaine.. 169 
Guide to the Birds of New England and East- 
ern New York — Ralph Hoffman 345 

Handbook of Modern Japan — E. W. Clement 118 
Handicapped Among the Free — Emma Rayner 152 

Handy Andy — Samuel Lover 232 

Hanover and Prussia, 1795-1803 — Guy Stanton 

Ford 152 

Harriman Alaskan Expeditions — Vol. III-IV 264 
Hawthorne and His Circle — Julian Hawthorne 70 

Hawaiian Annual — 1904, The 393 

Hayfield Mower and Scythe of Progress — 

Mower-Man 393 

Heart of Hyacinth, The — Onoto Watanna.... 2S1 

Heart of Lynn — Mary Stewart Cutting 296 

Heart of My Heart — Ellis Meredith 264 

Heart of Rome, The — F. Marion Crawford 104 

Henderson — Rose E. Young 424 

Henry Esmond, William Makepeace Thackeray 

—Vols. X, XI 296 

Henry Ward Beecher — Lyman Abbott 264 

Hex Infinite Variety — Brand Whitlock 201 

Hermit's Home, The — J. Vinton Webster . — 57 
Hero Tales Told in School — James Baldwin 361 
He That Eateth Bread With Me— H. A. 

Mitch ell-Keays 231 

Hezekiah's Kortship— -Frank A. Van Denburg 249 
Hidalgo and Home Life at West Lawn — R. A. 

McCracken 345 

High Noon — Alice Brown 360 

High Road, The — Anonymous 408 

His Fortunate" Grace — Gertrude Atherton.... 424 
History of American Music, The — Louis C. 

Elson 296 

History of Socialism in the United States — 

Morris Hillquit 201 

History of the German Struggle for Liberty 

— Poultney Bigelow 377 

History of the Moorish Empire in Europe, The 

— S. P. Scott 216 

Homeric Stories for Young Readers — Frederic 

A. Hall 265 

Hoot of the Owl, The — Dr. Behr 182 

Horse-Leech's Daughters, The — Margaret 

Doyle Jackson 330 

Hour Glass, The — William Butler Yeats 280 

House in the Woods, The — Arthur Henry 345 

House of Life, The — Dante Gabriel Rosetti.. 137 
House on the Sands, The — Charles Marriott.. 41 
How George Rogers Clark Won the Northwest 

— Reuben Gold Thwaites 57 

How to Beat the Game — Garrett Brown 281 

How to Know the Butterflies — Henry Com- 

stock and Anna Bottsford Comstock. . . . 377 

How to Live Forever — Harry Gaze 345 

How to Make a Flower Garden 217 

How Tyson Came Home — William H. Ride- 

ing 331 

I: In Which a Woman Tells the Truth About 

Herself — Anonymous 264 

Ike Glidden in Maine — A. D. McFaul 104 

Imperialist, The — Mrs. Everard Cotes 216 

Indians of the Painted Desert Region — George 

Wharton James 232 

Indians of Yosemite Valley and Vicinity — 

Galen Clark 232 

I Need the Money — Hugh McHugh 217 

Infection and Immunity — George M. Stern- 
berg 152 

Influence of Emerson, The — Edwin D. Nead 121 

In Old Alabama — Annie Hobson 169 

In Search of a Siberian Klondyke — Wash- 
ington R. Vanderlip 38 

Inside History of the Carnegie Steel Company, 

The — James Howard Bridge 377 

Insurance — T. W. Young 169 

In the Dwellings of the Wilderness — C. Bry- 

son Taylor 377 

Introduction to Dante's Inferno — Adolphus 

Ennis 232 

Introduction to the History of Modern 

Philosophy — Arthur Stone Dewing 137 

Ivanhoe — Sir Walter Scott 89 

Inventions of the Idiot, The — John Kendrick 

Bangs 296 

Isaac .Pitman's Shorthand Instructor 121 

Issue, The — George Morgan 335 

Issues of Life, The — Mrs. John Van Vorst. . 377 
Italian Grammar with Exercises, An — Mary 

Vance Young 393 

Ivory Trader in North Kenia, An — A. Arkell- 

Harwick 249 

Japan, the Place and the People — G. Waldo 

Browne 296 

Jeremy Taylor — Edmund Gosse 296 

Jessica Letters, The — Anonymous 360 

Jew and Other Stories, The — Ivan Turgenieff 393 
Jewel: A Chapter in Her Life — Clara Louise 

Burnham 8 

Jewel of Seven Stars, The — Bram Stoker.... 249 

Jewish Encyclopaedia — Vol. VI 201 

Joan of the Alley — Frederick Orin Bartlett. . 232 
John Maxwell's Marriage — Stephen Gwynn.. 121 
Josiah Tucker, Economist — Walter Ernest 

Clark, Ph. D 104 

Journal of Voyages and Travels in the Interior 
of North America — Daniel Williams Har- 
mon 152 

Journey of Coronado — Translated and edited 

by George Parker Winship 361 

Judgment — Alice Brown 121 

Judith of the Plains — Marie Manning 41 

Jumping Frog, The — Mark Twain 8 

Just So Song Book, The — Rudyard Kipling.. 281 
Katharine Frensham — Beatrice Harraden.... 57 

Keystone of Empire, A 73 

Kinship of Nature, The — Bliss Carman 18s 

Korea — Angus Hamilton 1 98 

Kwaidan — Lafcadio Hearn 296 

Land of the Dons, The — Leonard Williams. . 40 

Later Magic — Professor Hoffman 185 

Laurel Leaves for Little Folk — Mary E. Phil- 
lip* 137 

Laws and Principles of Bridge, The: — " Bads- 
worth " 57 

Left in Charge— Clara Morris 265 

Les Dernieres Annucs dc la Louisiane Fran- 
chise — Aubury Laussat 152 

Letters from England — Mrs. George Bancroft 264 

Letters from japan — Mrs. Hugh Eraser 264 

Liberty and a Living — Philip G. Hubert 233 

Life and Death— Henryk Sienkicwicz 381 

Life and Letters of Margaret Junkin Preston 

— 1\. Preston Allen 217 

Life in London — Pierce Egan 169 

Life of a Wooden Doll. The— Louis Saxby.. 104 


Life of an Actor, The — Pierce Egan 409 

Life of Frederic William Farrar — Reginald 

Farrar 264 

Life of John C. Calhoun — Gustavus M. 

Pinckney 25 

Life of John A. Andrew — Henry Greenleaf 

Pearson 296 

Light of the Star, The — Hamlin Garland 408 

Listener in Babel, A — Vida D. Scudder 121 

Little Chevalier, The — M. E. M. Davis 41 

Little Gardens — Charles M. Skinner 361 

Little Garrison, A — Lieutenant Bilse 134 

Little Joan — John Strange Winter 25 

Little Mitchell — Margaret W. Morley 361 

Little Tragedy of Tien-Tsin, A — Frances 

Aymar Mathews 409 

Long Night, The — Stanley J. Weyman 41 

Long Will — Florence Converse 185 

Lord Acton's Letters to Mary Gladstone 264 

Lost King, The — Henry Shackelford 73 

Love Knoweth Best — William Garvin Hume.. 265 

Love the Fiddler — Lloyd Osbourne 104 

Love Stories from Real Life — Mildred Cham- 
pagne 104 

Lux Crucis — Samuel M. Gardenshire 136 

Macaulay's Essay on Milton 185 

Macaulay's Essays on Milton and Addison.. 265 
Making of English, The — Henry Bradley.... 232 
Making of our Middle Schools, The — Elmer 

Ellsworth Brown 25 

Mamzelle Fifine — Eleanor Atkinson 121 

Manor School, The — L. T. Meade 73 

Man Roosevelt, The — Francis E. Leupp 151 

Manual of Forensic Quotations — Leon Mead 

and F. N. Gilbert 132 

Man who Pleases and the Woman who Charms, 

The — John A. Cone 152 

Mark, The — Aquila Kempster 334 

Masterfolk, The — Haldane MacFall 41 

Master Rogue, The — David G. Phillips 8 

Mediaeval England — Mary Bateson 121 

Memoirs of a Baby, The — Josephine Daskam 296 
Memoirs of a Contemporary — Ida Saint-Elme 169 

Memoirs of Henry Villard 214 

Memoirs of the Countess Cosel — Joseph J. 

Kraszewski 121 

Merchant of Venice — Edited by Felix E. 

SchelHng 232 

Merchant of Venice, The — Edited by Char- 
lotte Porter and Helen A. Clarke 217 

Merely Mary Ann — I. Zangwill 265 

Merry Anne, The — Samuel Merwyn 360 

Middle Wall, The— Edward Marshall 393 

Minute Marvels of Nature — John J. Ward.. 249 
Modern Arms and a Feudal Throne — T. 

Milner Harrison 424 

Modern Bank, The — Amos Kidder Fiskc, 

A. M 169 

Monsigny — Justus Miles Forman 41 

Moth Book, The— W. J. Holland 136 

Mother of Washington and Her Times, The 

— Mrs. Roger A. Pryor 331 

Mozart — Ebeneezer Prout 361 

Mrs. 7- Worthington Woodward — Helen Beek- 

man 152 

Mr. Sponge's Sporting Tour — Author of 

" Handley Cross " 331 

Musical Guild, The — Edited by Rupert Hughes 393 
Musk-Ox, Bison, Sheep, and Goat — Caspar 

Whitney 217 

Mutineers, The — Eustace L. Williams 57 

My Air-Ships — Santos-Dumont 336 

My Friend Prospero — Henry Harland 104 

My Old Maid's Corner — Lillie Hamilton 

French 8 

My Wonderful Visit— Elizabeth Hill 41 

Nami-Ko — Kanjaro Tokutami 296 

Nancy Stair — Elinor Macartney Lane 408 

Napoleon of Notting Hill, The — Gilbert K. 

Chesterton 360 

Natural History of Selborne, The — Gilbert 

White 8 

Natural Number Primer, The — David Gibbs. . 281 

Neighbor, The— N. S. Shaler 409 

Newcomes, The — William Makepeace Thack- 
eray 216 

New England History in Ballads — Edward 

Everett Hale 249 

New Glutton or Epicure, The — Horace Flet- 
cher ' 25 

New Hampshire — Frank Sanborn 345 

New Letters of Thomas Carlyle — Alexander 

Carlyle 216 

New Light on the Life of Jesus — Charles A. 

Briggs 137 

New Menticulture, The — Horace Fletcher.... 25 
New Thought Simplified, The — Henry Wood.. 152 
Night With Alessandro, A — Treadwell Cleve- 
land, Jr 336 

Old Paths and Legends of New England — 

Katharine M. Abbott 25 

Old Shropeshire Life — Lady Catherine Milnes 

Gaskell 335 

Oligarchy of Venice, The — George B. Mc- 

Clellan 137 

Omar and Fitzgerald — John G. Jury 57 

On the Storied Ohio — Reuben Gold Thwaites 89 

Optimism: An Essay — Helen Keller 41 

Order No. 11 — Caroline Abbot Stanley 408 

Organized Labor — John Mitchell 217 

Our Lady's Inn — J. Storer Clouston 104 

Overtones — James Huneker 334 

Pa Gladden — Elizabeth Cherry Waltz 25 

Painters Since Leonardo — James William Pat- 

tison 377 

Panchronicon. The — Harold Steele Mackaye. . 424 
Panorama of Sleep, or Soul and Symbol, The 

Nina Picton 345 

Parliamentary England — Edward Jenks, M. A. 169 
Parsifal of Richard Wagner — Maurice Kuf- 

ferath 201 

Parsifal: Story and Analysis of — H. R. 

Haweis 217 

Pastime of Eternity, The — Beatrix Demarest 

Lloyd 333 

Peace and the Vices — Anna A. Rogers 331 

Pendennis — William Makepeace Thackeray. . . 216 
Peril of the Sword, The— Colonel A. F. P. 

Harcourt 232 

Personalia — " Sigma " 281 

Petronilla Heroven — U. L. Silberrad 57 

Philippine Islands, The, 1493-1898, Vol. IX — 

Emma Helden Blair and James Alexander 

Robertson 249 

Philips's Handy Volume Atlas of the World 345 

Plicenixiana — George H. Derby 232 

Physical Education by Muscular Exercise — 

Luther Halsey Gullick 281 

Physical Training for Children by Japanese 

Methods — H. Irving Hancock 337 

Physicial Training for Women by Japanese 

Methods — H. Irving Hancock 264 

Picaroons, The — Gelett Burgess and Will 

Irwin 36° 

Pictorial Composition and the Critical Judg- 
ment of Pictures — Henry R. Poore..... . 332 

Pioneer Spaniards in North America — Will- 
iam Henry Johnson 185 

Planting of the Cross, The — Horace M. Du 

Bose 57 

Plant Physiology — George James Peirce, 

Ph. D 8 

Pleasure-Book of Grindelwald, A — Daniel P. 

Rhodes 265 

Poems — Ben Field 4°9 

Poetry — Josephine Daskam 185 

Poets of the South — F. V. N. Painter 169 

Port Argent — Arthur Colton 361 

Poultry Hook, The— Parts V, VI, VII. VIII 

— Harrison Weir 265 


:rs Written at Vailitna — Robert L 


Preacher's Story of His Work, A— W. 3. 

Rainsford 201 

Price of Youth, The — Margery Williams 216 

Private Lives of William II and His Consort; 
and Secret History of the Court of Berlin 

— Countess von Eppinghoven 55 

Problems of Pressraanship 121 

Professional Training of Secondary Teachers 
in the United States, The— G. W. A. 

Luckey 296 

Proverbs of the People — Lorenzo Sosso 232 

Psychological Year Book — Janet Young 217 

Pure Sociology — Lester F. Ward 121 

Queen's Quair, The — Maurice Hewlett 423 

Quintessence of Ibsenism, The — George Ber- 
nard Shaw 333 

Rainbow Chasers, The — John H. Whitson.... 334 

Rat-Trap, Tjhe — Dolf Wyllarde 332 

Reciters' Treasury of Verse, The — Ernest 

Pertwee 361 

Reflections of the Morning After — Herman 

Lee Meader 265 

Relations Between Freedom and Responsibility 
in the Evolution of Democratic Govern- 
ment — Arthur Twining Hadley 104 

Representative Modern Preachers — Lewis O. 

Barstow 20 r 

Robert Cavelier — William Dana Orcutt 409 

Robert Morris, Patriot and Financier — Ellis 

Paxson Oberholtzen 377 

Romance — Joseph Conrad and F. M. Hueffer 424 
Romance ol Old New England Churches, The 

— Mary] E. Crawford 73 

Romance ot the Bourbon Chateaux — Elizabeth 

W. Ch?.mpney 185 

Rome and the Renaissance : Pontificate of 

Julius JII — Julian Klaczko 217 

Roof and Meadow — Dallas Lore Sharp 333 

Rover Boy£ on Land and Sea, The — Arthur 

M. Wjnfield 152 

Rulers of Kings — Gertrude Atherton 295 

Running the River — George Cary Eggleston.. 424 

Ruskin Relics — W. G. Collingwood 216 

Russian Advance, The — Senator Albert J. 

Beveridge 103 

Russia at ijhe Bar of the American People — 

Isidore) Singer 232 

Said the Observer — Louis J. Stellmann 232 

Samuel Chapman Armstrong — ; Edith Arm- 
strong Talbot 185 

Scarlet Banner, The — Felix Dahn 73 

Scarlet Letter, The — Nathaniel Hawthorne... 152 

Sea Scamps — Henry C. Rowland 232 

Sebastopol — Leo Tolstoy 121 

Seeking the Kingdom — Ernest Everett Day 201 

Seiners, The — James B. Connolly 408 

Shadow of Victory, The — Myrtle Reed 41 

Shepherd's Pipe, The — Fitz-Roy Carrington.. 265 
Shipmates in Sunshine — F. Frankfort Moore 25 
Shoes and Rations for a Long March — H. 

Clay 25 

Shorter Poems — Lord Alfred Tennyson 8 

Significance of the Ring and the Book, The 

— Roy Sherman Stowell 281 

Sign of Triumph, The — Sheppard Stevens.... 424 

Silas Mamer — George Eliot 409 

Silent Places, The — Stewart Edward White 360 

Simple Home, A — Charles Keeler 345 

Singing Leaves, The — Josephine Preston Pea- 
body 281 

Singular Miss Smith, The — Florence Morse 

Kingsley 360 

Sins of a Saint, The — J. R. Aitken 331 

Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer — Cyrus Town- 
send Brady 73 

Sir Mortimer — Mary Johnston 216 

Six Giants and a Griffin — Birdsall Otis Edey 89 
Slav Invasion and the Mine Workers, The — 

Frank Julien Warne 345 

Smoke — Ivan Turgenieff 296 

Social Unrest, The — John Graham Brooks.. 361 
Some Famous Old Recipes — Georgia Harmony 

Keene 331 

Songs of Southern Scenes — Louis M. Elshe- 

mus 281 

Souls: A Comedy of Intentions — Rita 104 

South Africa After the War — E. F. Knight.. 185 
South American Republics, The — Thomas C. 

Dawson 296 

South Carolina as a Royal Province, 1719- 

1 776— W. Roy Smith 73 

Southern Girl, A — Stanton Winslow 201 

Southern Poets, The — J. W. Abernethy 361 

Spencer Kellogg Brown — George Gardner 

Smith 41 

Spirit of the Service, The — Edith Elmer 

Wood 169 

Standard of Pronunciation in English, The — 

Thomas R. Lounsbury 184 

Statistician and Economist — Louis P. Mc- 

Carty 185, 249 

Stella Fregelius — H. Rider Haggard 57 

Steps in the Expansion of Our Territory — 

Oscar P. Austin 393 

Steps of Honor, The — Basil King 331 

Still Hunter, The — Theodore Van Dyke 232 

Stone of Destiny, The — Mrs. Clarence 

Mackay 152 

Stolen Emperor, The — Mrs. Hugh Fraser. . . . 408 
Story of a Labor Agitator, The — Joseph R. 

Buchanan 152 

Story of Extinct Civilizations of the West, 

The — Robert E. Anderson 232 

Story of King Arthur and His Knights, The 

— Howard Pyle 8 

Story of King Sylvain and Queen Aimee — 

Margaret Sherwood 330 

Story of Our Lord's Life, The — Maud Mont- 
gomery 137 

Story of Rapid Transit, The — Beckles Will- 
son 152 

Story of Siena and San Gimignano, The — 

Edmund G. Gardner 201 

Story of Susan, The — Mrs. Henry Dudeney. . 185 
Strife of the Sea, The — T. Jenkins Hains.. 25 
Sylvia's Husband — Mrs. Burton Harrison. . . . 137 

Tangledom — Charles Rollin Ballard 393 

Technique of Musical Expression — Albert 

Gerard-Thiers 57 

Tenement-House Problem, The — Robert De 

Forest and Lawrence Veiller 25 

Tennyson's Suppressed Poems 169 

Testimony of the Suns, The — George Sterling 57 

Test, The — Mary Tappan Wright 336 

Teutonic Legends— W. C. Sawyer, Ph. D 265 

Texas Matchmaker, A — Andy Adams 408 

Theatres — William Paul Gerhard 71 

Theatrical Primer, The — Harold Acton Viv- 
ian 345 

Theodore Roosevelt, the Citizen— Jacob Riis. . 216 
Third Tour of Dr. Syntax in Search of a 

Wife, The 185 

Thirty Years' War on Silver, The— A. L. 

Fitzgerald 89 

Thoughtless Thoughts of Carisabel, The — Isa 

Carrington Cabell 152 

Three Years in the Klondike — Jeremiah 

Lynch 343 

Tillie — Helen R. Martin 216 

Toledo and Madrid — Leonard Williams 40 

Tomaso's Fortune — Henry Seton Merriman... 332 

Tomfoolery — James Montgomery Flagg 424 

Touch of Sun, A — Mary Hallock Foote 72 

To Windward — Henry C. Rowland 201 

Transgression of Andrew Vane, The — Guy 

Wetmore Carryl t 408 

Trelawny — Holman Freeland. 185 

Trouble Woman. The — Clara Morris 265 


BOOK REVIEWS (Continued), 


True History of the Civil War, The — Guy 

Carleton Lee 169 

Trusts versus the Public Welfare — H. C. 

Richie 393 

Twenty Piano Transcriptions — Franz Liszt... 217 
Two Sides of the Face — A. T. Quiller-Couch 331 

Twisted History — Frank C. Voorhies 331 

Typee — Herman Melville 281 

Tyrants of North Hyben, The — Frank Dilnot 424 

Ultimate Moment, The — W. R. Lighton 137 

Uncle Mac's Nebrasky — W. R. Lighton 409 

Under the Jack-Staff — Chester Bailey Fer- 

nald ~ 232 

United States and Porto Rico, The — Ellis 

Rowe 345 

United States in Our Own Time, The— E. 

Benjamin Andrews - 89 

Universe a Vast Electric Organism, The — G. 

W. Warder 265 

Vacation Days in Greece — Rufus B. Rich- 
ardson 201 

Vanity Fair — William Makepeace Thackeray.. 136 

Velasquez 34S 

Viking's Skull, The— John R. Carling 217 

Villa Claudia, The — J. A. Mitchell 408 

Vineyard, The — John Oliver Hobbes 296 

Violett — Baroness von Hutton 136 

Virgin Soil — Ivan Turgenieff 296 

Voice of April-Land, The — Ella Higginson.. 57 
Wander folk in Wonderland — Edith Guerrier 41 
Watcher in the Woods, A — Dallas Lore 

Sharp 201 

Ways of Yale in the Counsulship of Plancus, 

The — Henry A. Beers .. 281 

Wealth of Nations — Adam Smith [.. 400 

Web, The — Frederick Trevor Hill . . 25 

Wellesley Stories — Grace Louise Cook 424 

What Handwriting Indicates — John Rexford.. 345 

What's the Odds? — Joe Ullman 121 

When It Was Dark — Guy Thome 201 

When I Was Czar — Arthur W. Marchmont.. 104 

Whip Hand, The — Samuel Merwin 201 

Whittier-Land — Samuel T. Pickard 361 

Widow in the South, The — Teresa Dean. , 40 

Widow's Mite, The— Isaac K. Funk 359 

William Penn — Augustus C. Buell 217 

Windsor Castle — W. Harrison Ainsworth. . . 185 

Within the Pah; — Michael Davitt 152 

With the Birds of Maine — Olive Thorne Mil- 
ler 169 

Woman Wins, The — Robert Barr 408 

Woman's Will, A — Anne Warner 296 

Woman's Work in Music — Arthur Elson .... 232 

Wonder-Book of Horses, The — James Baldwin 185 

Works of Shakespeare, The — " Twelfth 

Night," "Julius Cssar," "Othello." "The 

Tempest," " Macbeth," " Hamlet," and 

" A Midsummer Night's Dream." Edited 

by William J. Rolf e 393 

" World " Almanac and Encyclopaedia, The. . 121 

World's Children — Mortimer Menpes 104 

Yarborough, the Premier — Angus Russell 

Weekes 265 

Year's Festivals, The — Helen Philbrook Pat- 
ten 41 

Yellow Holly, The — Fergus Hume 296 

Yeoman, The — Charles Kennett Burrow 249 

Yoke, The— Elizabeth Miller 265 

Zionism and Anti-Semitism — Max Nordau and 

Gustav Gottheil 281 


A. C— 

White Grave, The 180 

Bower, Bert M. — 

Patch of Alkali, A 22g 

Race for Maggie, A 133 

Brown, Mabel Crooks — 

When the Light Came 357 

Brown, Mabel Haughton — 

Passing of Zilk, The 389 

De Lys, Georges — 

Old-Time Sea Fight 278 

Embeee, Charles Fleming — 

Poor Brown One, The 310 

Evans, George S. — 

Big Red Steer, A 260 

Enter Lizard BUI 148 

" High Life " in Covelo 422 

Gheosi, P. B. — 

Red Gibbet, The 6 

Gibert, Elizabeth — 

Haunted House, A 84 

Irwin, Will — 

In the Long, Long Night ;... 69 

Magre, Maurice — 

Glasses of Truth, The 341 

Millard, Bailey — 

Miss Gladys and the Jap 165 

" S-Bar " Six-in-Hand, The 52 

Reese, Lowell Otus — 

Camp Lickskillet 294 

R 1 card, J. — 

Illegible Signature, The 86 

Spadoni, Adriana — 

"Bow-Wow" Versus Mulligan 293 

Stabler, Marguerite — 

From Generation to Generation 244 

Jackson's Moral Scruples 20 

Tragedy in Tatters, A 196 

Tried by Fire 116 

World Without a Woman, A 373 

Wilson, John Fleming — 

Forefront of Battle, The 405 

Loss of His Mother-in-Law, The 212 

Rule of the Road, The 36 

Strong-Minded Woman, A 100 


American Books in England 408 

Amour of Ye Olden Time, An — H. A. L... 201 

Andrew Lang on George Ade 233 

At the Big Fair 407 

Balky Automobile, A 143 

Baltimore and San Francisco 101 

Beautiful San Francisco — Willis Polk 147 

Books that Californians Like Best, The 

39. 73. 89. 105 

Calaveras Skull, The— Charles Palache 135 

Corner in Labor, A 83 

Curious Ways in Panama 19 

Delegates to the Congress of Jurists 84 

Dickens, A Costly Edition of 26s 

Empress Dowager's Portrait, The 341 

Expunging Popes from the Record 165 

Facts About the Great Fair 292 

First Vigilance Committee, The — Katharine 

Chandler 37 

Greatest Newspaper, The 39 1 

Hearst, The Man 261 

Herbert Spencer as a Raconteur 200 

on Religion 409 

The Man 53 

H istoric Episode, An 307 

Hugo and Garibaldi 392 

Humors of Congress, The 247 

Ice-Clad Liners 164 

Indignant Californians 220 

Italy "An Old Corpse?" 119 

Lady Hamilton's Defense 424 

"Lest We Forget" - 181 

Love, Hate, and Hypnotism Explained 69 

Mr. Davenport Defends Dewey — J. H. P 187 

Nelson's Last Letter to Lady Hamilton 393 

Newspapers and their Makers 23 

New York's Automobile Show 86 

New York's Catastrophe 422 

No Over-Production of Fiction — H. A. L.... 312 
Novelists, Newspapers, and Romance — H. A. 

L 392 

Odd Phases of Stanley's Life 375 

Our City Through Parisian Eyes 3 

Physician's View of the Japanese, A 150 

President on Presidents, The 279 

President's Characteristics, Some of the. ... 7 

Press on the Hearst Boom, The 67 

Quay: The Boss of Pennsylvania 391 

Reminiscences of Charles H. Hoyt 43° 

Revolt of Mrs. Wiggs, The 313 

Russell, Riley, and " Leonaine " 297 

Sharon-Breckenridge Imbroglio, The 47 

Sir Edwin Arnold 215 

Sugar Facts, Some 163 

Thebaw and His Wives 342 

Three Great Artists — Helen Hecht. .» 343 

Who is the Greatest Living American Poet? — 

H. A. L 248 

Who's Who Among California Writers. . . . 217 

Who Wrote "Joe Bowers"? IS3 


Bonner, Geraldine — 

Artistic New York 149 

Bridge Mania, The 166 

Candida "7 

Expensive New York 68 

Gotham's Poor Ladies 230 

New York's Babyless Flats 358 

New York's Cold Snap 101 

New York's Early Summer 390 

New York Libraries 85 

New York's Rich Growing Poor 21 

Parsifal 54 

Spring in New York 277 

Unescorted Women in Gotham 262 

Westerners in New York 132 

With New York Player-Folk 37 

Women of The Pit 197 

Cockaigne — 

About the Astors 294 

Alake of Abeocuta, The 422 

Harcourt and Durand 199 

Last of the Georges, The 246 

Marriage in High Life, A 1 18 

Opening of Parliament, The 150 

Flaneur — 

Famous Old Play Revived, A 230 

Horse Fair, The 303 

Judge Alton B. Parker 246 

New Coney Island, The 342 

Pit in New York, The 135 

Stoning Motor-Cars in Gotham 406 

Hart, Jerome — 

Between Jaffa and Jerusalem 275 

Campaign in the East, The 291 

Disappointments in Palestine 339 

Human Frailty as Seen at Sea 387 

Hurry and Anger in Travel 419 

Jottings About Cairo 355 

Lancashire Murder Trial 403 

Seamy Side at Sea, The 371 

Spots Where 321 

Hyde, Helen — 

Among the Poor in Tokio 324 

War- Time in Tokio 245 

War- Time Spring, A 310 

Innominato — 

Mexico To-Day 213 

Piccadilly — 

London Literary Gossip 323 

London's Yellow Journals 102 

Six Notable Men 71 

W. S. Gilbert's New Play 375 

St. Martin — 

French Authors and Their Work 324 

Niece of Napoleon, The 53 

Queen's Stormy Life, A 279 

Things Theatrical in Paris 167 


" Afeared of a Gal " — Anonymous 68 

Bachelor's Wish, The— Alfred Wheeler 68 

Barney McGee — Richard Hovey 198 

Bee, The — Sidney Lanier 323 

Death of the Old Year, The— Alfred Tennyson 4 

Eve's Daughter — Edward Rowland Sill 68 

God — Translated from the Russian by John 

Bowring 54 

Humble Bee, The — Ralph Waldo Emerson.. 323 

If I Should Die — Ben King 404 

Indian Revelry, An — Bartholomew Dowling. . 372 
Midnight Mass for the Dying Year — Henry W. 

Longfellow 4 

O Captain! My Captain! — Walt Whitman.... 36 

Reasons 404 

Same Old Story — Harry B. Smith 404 

Singular Sang-Froid of Baby Bunting, The — 

Guy Wetmore Carryl 262 

'Spacially Jim — Bessie Morgan 68 

Sycophantic Fox and the Gullible Raven, The 

— Guy Wetmore Carryl 262 

Test, The — Edmund Clarence Stedman 294 

Threnody, A — George T. Lanigan 404 

Tita's Tears — Thomas Bailey Aldrich 294 

To a Waterfowl — William Cullen Bryant. . 36 

Woman's Love, A — John Hay 294 

Written on the Night of His Suicide — Richard 

Realf 372 


Battlefield, The — Tudor Jenks 212 

Battle Hymn of the Panama Republic — Con- 
gressman Williams 22 

Brothers, The — Clinton Scollard 280 

California Easter. A — Austin Lewis 212 

Chicago — John G. Whittier 103 

Cossacks of the Don — John S. McGroarty.. 150 

Destroyer, The — Edward Sydney Tylee 150 

Easter Day— O. W 212 

From Russian Hill — Charlotte Perkins Stetson 342 

Grace's Valentine 104 

Harvest Time — Robert F. Morrison 132 

Heart of Ice — Oliver Herford 104 

He Does Not Know — Marian Warner Wild- 
man 24 

Isthmus: A Vision, The — Clinton Dangerfield 22 

Legal Secret, A — Jennie P. Betts 104 

Lent 168 

Lenten Piety 168 

Le Verger — Edmond Rostand 119 

Lone Mountain — Bret Harte 342 

Love Sang to Me — Josephine Preston Peabody 388 

Meeting on the Yalu, A — J. A 228 

O Comrade Mountains — Mary S. Paden 388 

Orchard, The — Edward Robeson Taylor 119 

New Pike County Ballad, A 22 

Port Arthur 150 

Pro Russia-Pro Pace— Edith M. Thomas 228 


Purification — Rachel Annand Taylor 280 

Riches — Ella Higginson 24 

Rockies. The — Arthur Stringer 388 

She's " Keeping Lent " 168 

Song of Love's Coming, A — Ethel Clifford. . 280 

Telygraft Hill — Wallace Irwin 342 

Thanatos Athanatos — John Hay 388 

To Him— Ethel M. Kelley 87 

Torpedo. The — Edward Sydney Tylee 228 

To tiie Pliocene Skull— Bret Harte 135 

Uncle Sam Cogitating 22 

War in the East — Clinton Scollard 150 

We Two — Herman Knickerbocker Viele. ... 24 

Wild Roses— Ronald Campbell Macfie 280 

Wind Seems Kind To-Day, The— Edward 

Salisbury Field 24 


Abbey. Edwin A., 181; Adams, Albert J., 166, 
341 ; Aldrich, Senator, 197; Alexeieff, 
Admiral, 53; Allen, Miss Bessie, 420; 
Alphonso, King, 21, 406; Alvarado, 117; 
Amador, Dr. Manuel, 149; Ames, Dr. 
Albert Alonzo, 99; Anthony, Susan B., 
358; Ashley, Mayor, 5; Atkinson, Edward 181 

Baker, Congressman Robert, 341 ; Bede, J. 
Adam, 358; Brady, Governor John Green, 
358; Bryan, William Jennings, 70, 99; 
Bryce, James, 406; Buckner, General S. 
H., 70 ; Burdett-Coutts, Baroness, 293 ; 
Brunnetiere, M 99 

Cambridge, Duke of, 213; Campbell, Professor 
W. W., 261; Cannon, Joseph, 5, 70; 
Cantacuzene, Princess, 35 ; Carlos, King, 
406; Carnegie, Andrew, 341; Cave, Miss 
Bertha, 5; Celli, Professor, 390; Chaffee, 
Adna R., 53; Chamberlain, Joseph 5, 277; 
Chaochu, Wu, 390 ; Chatillon, Comtesse 
de, 374; Christian, King, 245; Clark, Cap- 
tain William, 374; Clark, Charles Heber, 
70; Clemens, Mrs. Samuel L., 85; Clem- 
ens, Clara, 420 ; Cleveland, Grover, 99, 
213; Cogswell, William, 5 ; Comstock, 
Anthony, 21 ; Connell, Miss Annie, 21; 
Conyngham, Lord, 149; Corelli, Marie, 35; 
Corral, Ramon, 420; Cory, Miss Fanny 
Y., 277; Crawford, Samuel J., 53; Cronje, 
General, 390, 420; Cronk, Hiram S., 213; 
Cummings, Harry S., 406 ; Curie, M. 
Pierre, 21, 85; Curie, Mme. Sklodowski, 
21, 99; Curzon, Lord, 245, 293; Cuyler, 
Rev. Dr. Theodore, 8, 70; Cyril, Grand 
Duke 374 

Davenport, Homer, 85; Davis, Governor Jef- 
ferson, 21 ; Denby, Colonel Charles, 53; 
Dick, General Charles, 166; Dillingham, 
Senator, 341; Dolan, James F., 341; 
Doumer, M-, 261; Dreyfus, Alfred, 181; 
Duncan, Lester S., 197; Durand, Carlos, 
230; Duse, Signora 358 

Edward, King, 21, 53, 405; Elgar, Edward, 
230; Eliot, President, 213; Ely, Dr. 
Richard T., 181; Emmanuel, King, 5, 406; 
Emperor of Austria, 293; Eugenie, Em- 
press 181 

Folk, Joseph, 85, 293; Forbes, W. Cameron 134 

Garcia, Senor Manuel, 230 ; Georgantas, 
Nicholas, 311; George, King, 406; 
Geronimo, 293; Gibert, Elizabeth, 117; 
Gilbert, Mrs., 70; Gladstone, Herbert, 09; 
Gonne, Miss Maud, 166; Gorman, Arthur 
Pue, 99; Gould, George J., 390; Gould, 
Helen, 197, 390; Gray, George, 99; 
Greville-Reache, M., 134; Grosscup, Judge 
Peter Stanger, 293; Groves, Junius G., 
390 ; Grunsky, Carl Ewald 341 

Hall, Captain James, 277; Hanna, Marcus 
Alonzo, 99; Hardwick, Congressman 
Thomas W., 149; Harper, William Rainey, 
85, 181; Harrison, Mayor, 197; Harvey, 
" Coin," 358; Hay, John, 21, 99, 261, 
374; Hearst, William R., 134, 213; Hein- 
rich, Prince, 21; Helene, Queen, 311; 
Hennessey, Patrick J., 390; Hesse, Grand 
Duchess of, 374; Hicks-Beach, Sir 
Michael, 245 ; Higginson, Thomas Went- 
worth, 21; Hill, David B., 99; Hitt, 
Robert R-, 406; Hoar, Rockwood, 341; 
Hoar, Senator, 53; Hough, George \V., 
5; Howells, William Dean, 390; Hub- 
bard, Elbert 35 

Irving, Sir Henry, 166; Ito, Marquis 277 

Jameson, Dr., 311; Japan, Emperor of, 99; 

Jo-Jo, 117; Joseph, Emperor 406 

Kalanianaole, Jonah, 35; Keppler, Joseph, 117; 
Khedive of Egypt, 245; King of Rou- 
mania, 406; Knowles, James, 21; Kuhio, 
Prince, 99; Kuroki, General, 406; 
Kuropatkin, General 181 

Labouchere, Henry, 197; Ladd, Rev. George 
Trumbull, 406; Lehmer, Dr. Derrick N-, 
31 1 ; Lee, General Stephen D-, 70 ; 
Lorenz, Dr. Adolph, 230; Loti, Pierre, 35; 
Loubet, President, 85; Loyson, Paul 
Hyacinthe 149 

MacGahan, Barbara, 181; Mackay, Clarence, 
406 ; Mackenzie, Lady Constance, 277 ; 
Malaspina, Marquis de Massa, 374; 
Margherjta, Queen, 197; Maria, Isabella 
Louisa, Ex-Queen, 245; Masson, M. Fred- 
eric, 99 ; Maybrick, Florence, 70, 
261 ; Mclsaac, Lieutenant Charles M., 
261; McKay, Captain Alexander, 117; 
McNally, Andrew, 311; Menelik, King, 
230 ; Michel, Louise, 245 ; Miles, Sher- 
man, 166; Milroy, Miss Ina, 85; Moltke, 
Count Helmuth von, 230; Monaco, 
Prince of, 70; Montague, James, 197; 
Montesquiou-Fezensac, Count Robert de, 
85; Moore, Alice L., 35; Morgan, J. 
Pierpont, 277; Mosby, Colonel John S„ 
406; Mutsu-Hito, Emperor 53 

Napoleon, Prince Louis, 09; Napoleon, Prince 

Victor, 134; Nicholas II, Czar 117,406 

Olney, Richard, 99; Oyaraa, Countess, 166; 

Oscar, King 406 

Palmer, Mrs. Potter, 35; Parker. Alton B., 
99, 293; Parks, Samuel, 213; Parry. D. 
M., 166; Patti, Adelina, 213; Pilar, 
Princess Maria del, 21; Pinero, Arthur 
Wing, 420; Piatt, Senator, 230; Porel, 
M., 197; Proctor, Senator, 341; Pu Lun, 
Prince 4°6 

Quay, Matthew S 358 

Radziwill, Prince, 277; Raymond, Walter B., 
134; Rejane, Mme., 197; Richardson, 
Sir Edwin Austin Stewart, Bart, 277; 
Rodin, Auguste, 5; Roosevelt, President, 
35. 99. 197. 213, 245, 293. 390. 420 

Santos-Dumont, 245; Schwarzmann, Adolph, 
117; Shafroth, John F., 166; Smiles, Dr. 
Samuel, 35; Sniper, First Lieutenant Ru- 
dolph E., 261; Sonzogno, Eduardo, 374; 
Spencer, Earl, 166; Stanley, Henry «., 
311; Stead, W. T., 35. U4J Stewart, 
General A. T., 70; Stewart, Ex-Gov- 
ernor John W-, 341; Stone, Melville E.. 
117, 197; Strauss, Richard, 166; Sultan of 
Turkey, 406; Sutherland, Duke of, 261; 
Swinburne, Algernon Charles, 5 ; Van 
Swinderen, Jonkheer, R., 277, 374; 
Sylviack, Mile 4©6 

Taft, William H.. 99; Thompson, Sir Henry, 
390; Tillman, ex-Lieutenant Governor 
James H., 213; Tolstoy, Leo. 70; Triggs, 
Professor Oscar Lovell, 149; Tsi-An, Em- 
press Dowager, 134. 406; Twain, Mark.. 261 

Uriu, Admiral "7. '49 

Vecksey, Franz, 420; Verestchagin, Vassilli, 

261 ; Verestchagin, son of 390 

Wanamaker, John, 406; Ward, Professor 
James, 149; Ware, Eugene F., 374: Wat- 
terson, Henry, 358; Welmans-Post, Helen, 
117; Wheeler, General Joseph, 70 ; 
Whitney, Harry Payne, 117; Wilcox, 
Ella Wheeler, 1 34 ; Wilhelmina, Queen, 
21, 277, 406 ; William II, Emperor, 406, 
420 ; Wil shire, Gaylord, 1 34 ; Wood, 

Judge Carroll D 2 1 

Yen Cbinyung, 293 ; Yerkes, Mr.. 21 ; 
Younghusband, Colonel F. E., 293; 
Youriekwska, Princess 8; 


Alexander the Great — Ward and James in.. 122 

Antonin Dvorak 311 

Beggar Student at the Tivoli, The 266 

Beauty Shop at Fischer's, The 58 

Du Barry — Mrs. Leslie Carter in 410 

Camille in New York 302 

Changed Yvette Guilbert 411 

Chinese Honeymoon at the Columbia, A 74 

Colonial Girl at the Alcazar, A 90 

Crisis — Isabel Irving in The 234 

Doll's House — Mrs. Fiske in A 250 

Empress Theodora at the Grand Opera House, 

The 346 

Eternal City at the California, The 90 

Ghosts — Alberta Gallatin in 42 

Gypsy Baron at the Tivoli, A 154 

Girl with the Green Eyes — Ida Conquest in 

The 10 

Great Fires in Theatres 23 

Greatest Thing in the World — Rose Coghlan in 

The 282 

Hedda Gabler — Mrs. Fiske in 219 

Hour Glass and Heart's Desire at the Alcazar 298 
Ivan the Terrible at the Columbia — Richard 

Mansfield in 362 

Ixion; or, the Wheelman at the Tivoli 10 

Parti's Voice 39 

Little Minister at the Columbia — Maude Adams 

in The 378 

Mam'selle Napoleon — Anna Held in 234 

Mary of Magdala — Mrs. Fiske in 202 

Miss Hobbs at the Alcazar 154 

Mme. Schumann-Heink in Concert 250 

Maeterlinck's Monna Vanna 10 

Monte Cristo at the Central 26 

Mrs. Deering's Divorce — Mrs. Langtry in. . 42 

Nance O'Neil's Great Success 407 

New Clown at the Alcazar, The 282 

Old Heidelberg — Richard Mansfield in 346 

Old Homestead — Denman Thompson in The. . 138 

Orpheum 170 

Parsifal at the Alcazar 186 

Parsifal in New York 22 

Profligate at the Alcazar, The 298 

Proud Prince at the Columbia, The 426 

Robin Hood at the Tivoli 427 

Rogers Brothers in London 314 

Sergeant Kitty at the Tivoli 394 

Silver Slipper at the Columbia 170 

U. S. at Fischer's 394 

Weber and Fields Part at Last 395 

When Johnny Comes Marching Home at the 

Tivoli 58 

When Patti Sang in '84 5 

Whoop-Dee-Doo, Weber and Fields in 106 


American beauty book, The 316 

families. Size of 284 

girl, Henry Labouchere on 124 

women. Care of hair of 28 

women's dress, Indecency of 12 

women, English artists' opinions of 316 

women, Mannishness of 12 

women who marry foreigners 284 

Aristocracy in theatrical profession 220 

Army and Navy, heredity in American 24 

Astor, Portrait of Mrs. John Jacob 364 

Athletic club for New York women 204 

Atherton, Essay on love by Gertrude 316 

Bachelor farewell dinners. Decline of 252 

Bonaparte on feminine education 108 

Breach of promise, Excuses for actions for.. 92 

Blush, Definition of a 380 

Cassini, Lawn-party given by Countess 252 

Castellane, Reception given by Countess 428 

Champagne, Failure of vintage 12 

Chess game, Living players in a 380 

Chorus-girls out of style, Blonde 348 

Cinderella, A fashionable 396 

Clubs for men defended 364 

Commuters as " sizers " 252 

Corsets discussed by Paris correspondents. . 108 

Dane ing defended 236 

rules for West Point cadets 428 

Diamond tiara, A costly 348 

Diamonds, High price of 236, 348 

Scarcity of 156 

Divorce, " American Lady " on 396 

Bill in Italy allowing 236 

Canadian laws regulating 124 

European legislation regarding 28 

Silence that leads to 60 

Insanity no ground for 412 

Statistics regarding 188 

Draga, Effects sold of Queen 44 

Drawing-rooms, Bad furnishing of 220 

Dress, Artistic colors in 188 

Negligence of women in 60 

on shipboard extravagant 76, 140 

Dressmakers, Large profits of 412 

Duncan, Musical dance of Miss Isidora 412 

Easter church services. Tickets sold for. . . . 252 

parade in New York 252 

Edward, Social kindness of King 92 

Etiquette in addressing royalty 220 

in presence of the President 140 

Eugenie, Sale of jewels of ex-Empress 92 

Flirting defended 284 

French novels. Eroticism of 252 

Frogs' legs subject to duty 124 

Gainsborough hats for tall women 348 

Gamblers barred off Atlantic liners 220 

Gambling, Scandal in Hungary because of 124 

Gardner, Custom duties paid by Mrs. " Jack " 76 

Prominence of Mrs. " Jack " 76 

Geniuses should not marry 188 

Goelet, Unique entertainment given by 

Robert 108 

Golf, Dog caddies for 252 

Gordon, Endurance of Duchess of 124 

Governess, Advertisement for plain 140 

Gray. Novel test used by Judge 108 

Hair, Dressing of 28 

Gray a fashionable color in men's 124 

Horseback riding develops beauty of women 172 

Horseflesh used in Paris 108 

Horses, Docking tails of 156 

House decoration. Simplicity of modern 204 

Ingestere, Wedding of Miss Paget to Viscount 380 

Japanese Geisha girls 12 

new women 380 

women, Mild appearance of 140 

women. Self-sacrifice of M» 

wrestling for women " 1 

Kissing, Origin of 

" Kittling " forbidden at sea 

Ladies' guide to bohemia 

Lehr, Jewelry worn by Harry 

Life, How to promote long 


VANITY FAIR (Continued). 


London season, Early beginning of 380 

society, Americanization of 380 

society, Repartee in 284 

Love as a disease 236 

Manchester, King Edward's kindness toward 

Duke of 02 

Marriage Ceremonies, "Obey" left out of.. 124 

Marriage, Children of loveless 92 

customs among savages 76 

Reason that men avoid 1 72 

Mathilde, Death of Princess 28 

Evenings at home of Princess 92 

Sale of jewels of Princess 364, 412 

McCawley, Position in the White House of 

Major 60, 76 

McCormick, Election to board of Chicago 

aldermen of R. R 252 

Men's dress in Congress 204 

in Parliament 204 

Plaids prevalent in 204 

Menu without prices 364 

Millinery menu. The 220 

Big bill for 428 

Grewsome mistake caused by 108 

Monogram, Decline of use of 156 

Monte Carlo, Mile. d'Alencon gambling at.. 300 

National Mouse Association 12 

New York beauty show 44 

French ball. Decline of 28 

ladies' driving club. Parade of 348 

ladies' club 12 

Note paper. Filthy rags used in making 396 

Old maids. Disappearance of 204 

Paris, Carryl's description of twilight in.... 396 

Hotels, Politeness of attendants in 12 

Parker, Characteristics of Mrs. Alton B.... 284 
Peridot, King Edward fond of gem called.. 396 
Pope Pius X comments on decollete gowns.... 76 

Plant, Marriage of Mrs. M. J 76 

Polygamy, Kinds of in United States 92 

Portraits carved on ivory 220 

Red neckties forbidden in Germany 124 

Riding astride in London 252 

Princess Victoria being taught 300 

Roosevelt, Expense of entertainments given 

by President 108 

as bridesmaid. Miss Alice 396 

How Sunday was spent by Miss Alice.. 380 

Racing experience of Miss Alice 252 

Offense given Miss Alice 140 

Reception at St. Louis of Miss Alice.. 428 

Salary too small of President 108 

Royal remedy for baldness 44 

Schmidt, Marriage ordinance proposed by 

Ernestina 76 

Servants, Ireland's cheap 12 

Sievier, Career of Robert Stanley 412 

Society gusher. The 300 

Moral condition of 300 

Brilliance of St. Petersburg 284 

Suicide, Women's preparation for 364 

Sultan of Morocco, Wives of 92 

Sutherland, Portrait of Duchess of 396 

Tailor, Man's debt to his 396 

Taft, Military reception for Governor 108 

Telephone girls in Germany 140 

Theatre going a habit 124 

Tourists rushing through Florence 252 

Titled people's visiting-cards, Deceptive use of 348 

Triplets, Royal gifts given to 140 

Type of beauty changing 364 

Vatican, Roses in gardens of 124 

Walking sticks, Styles in 300 

Wedding tours. Origin of 172 

Whistler, Souvenirs sold of James McNeill.. 28 
Whist, Queen Alexandra's objections to bridge 172 
White House, Mrs. Roosevelt's collection of 

china in 172, 188 

reception 28 

State dinners at 1 72 

Who's Who in America, Statistics from 44 

Widow, A cautious 316 

Wives as wage earners 300 

Women after middle age 300 

agents for tradesmen 204 

Age shown early in society 364 

barred from railway offices 124 

Criticism of 380 

Denunciation of higher education for... 428 
employees, Large salaries paid by gov- 
ernment to 396 

fail as j ournalists 428 

Fencing practiced by London 188 

Fondness in Paris for bony 172 

French admiration for American 156 

Heroism of society 428 

,,. . PAGE 

Women in journalism 236 

Intellectual capability of 44 

in the ministry 204 

Occupations of 172 

Sarah Grand discusses smoking by. . . . 140 

Size of modern 236 

Vanity and ostentation of 44 

Voices of 156 

waitresses displace colored men 428 

Yu Yeng, American Wife of 124 


Ade, George, 301; Alexander, James W., 317; 
Alexandra, Queen, 269; Amringe, Dean 
Van, 429; Anglesey, Lord, 20; Astor, 

William Waldorf 429 

Bacheller, Irving, 317; Bacon, Leonard, 381; 
Bailey, Senator, 157; Bangs, John Henry, 
109 ; Ball, Sir Robert, 93 ; Barrymore, 
John, 285; Barrymore, Lionel, 141; 
Barakatullah, Prince Mohammed, 29; 
Belasco, David, 253; Belmont, Terry, 
77; Bennett. Editor, 157; Bird, Dr., 61; 
Bismarck, Prince, 381; Brady, Cyrus 
Townsend, 205; Brampton, Lord, 125, 221; 
Bramwell, Lord Justice, 13; Bramwell, 
Sir Frederick, 1 3 ; Browning, Robert, 
141; Bryan, William Jennings, yy; Burr, 
Judge, 45; Burrows, Senator, 61, 189; 

Butler, President Nicholas Murray 237 

Calve, Mme., 125; Canfield, Richard, 413; 
Cannon, Joseph, yy, 349 ; Carnegie, 
Andrew, 61, 2S5 ; Cassini, Count, 173 ; 
Chaffee, General, 349 ; Chamberlain, 
Joseph, 61, 173; Cbentung, Sir, 1 yz, 
269; Choate, Embassador, 61, 125; 
Churchill, Winston, 381; Clapp, Chan- 
ning, 413; Clark, Champ, 285; Cleveland, 
Grover, 125; Clowry, President, 429 ; 
Cockran, William Bourke, 221 ; Coudert, 
Frederick Rene, 45; Cox, Mrs. Kenyon, 
109; Crawford, Marion, 13; Cruger, Mrs. 
Van Rennselaer, 157; Czar of Russia.... 253 
Dana, Charles A., 45; Delpeau, 269; Dexter, 
Professor E. G., 189; Dickens, Charles, 
205; Disraeli, 29, 285; Dixon, Jr., Rev. 
Thomas, 429; Dockstader, Lew, yy; 
Doehme, Zoltan, 349; Duffy, Sir Charles 
Gaban, 45; Durand, Sir Henry Mortimer 221 
Eastman, Horace T., 285; Eliot, President, 

317; Evans, Dr., 413; Everest, Frank.. 413 
Farley, Mgr., 269; Faure, Felix, 77; Filling- 
ham, Rev., 269; Flaherty, John S., g3, 
205; Foraker, Senator, 61; Forbes, J. S., 
349; Forster, John, 397; Foster, Senator, 
189; Frederick William, Crown Prince, 
13; Fuller, George F., 6; Funk, Rev. 

I. K 397 

Gentry, Meredith P., 141; Gilbert, W. S., 
429; Gillette, William, 173; Gladstone, 
W. E., 301, 413; Gorman, Senator, 
Arthur P., 349; Gotthiel, Dr. Richard T., 
429; Graves, John Temple, 381 ; Gray, 

Judge E. H ,237 

Hadley, President, 205 ; Hale, Edward Everett, 
237; Hamilton, " Tody," 253; Harrison, 

President, 45; Hawthorne, Julian 253 

Hearn, Lafcadio, 253; Hepburn, Congress- 
man, 317; Higginson, Colonel Henry, 317; 
Hoar, Senator, 173, 3S1; Hogg, Repre- 
sentative, 109; Howells, W. D., 109, 
221; Huddleston, Baron, 13; Huntington, 
Collis P., 93; Huret, Jules, 77; Hyde, 

President 205 

Ingram, Dr., 141; Ito, Marquis, 301; Irving, 

Sir Henry..." 45, 125, 317 

James, Representative Ollie, 108; Jefferson, 

Joseph, 77; Jusserand, M 173 

Keene, James, 61; Kemble, E. \V., 221; Kep- 
pel, Sir Henry, 125; Kerr, Dr. John, 381; 
Kidder, Kathryn, 13; Kipling, Rudyard. . 397 
Lackaye, Wilton, 285 ; Landis, Representative, 
29; La Shelle, Kirk, 269; Lehr, Harry, 
349; Lewes, George Henry, 141; Lewis- 
ham, Jesse, 429; Lincoln, Abraham, 365; 

Livingston, Congressman 285 

Mack, Norman E-, 301; Mackenzie, Lady Con- 
stance, 173; MacMahon, John, 205; Mans- 
field, Richard, 189, 429; Mathilde, 
Princess, 109; Matthews, Brander, 45, 
189; Maupassant, Guy de, 429; May, Phil, 
29; McClellan, Mayor, 61, 397; McKinley, 
President, 141 ; McVeagh, Wayne, 109; 
Melville, Canon, 365; Meyer, Paul, 125; 
Miles, General, 253; Mille, Henry de, 253; 
Mitchell, Julian, 205; Morgan, J. Pier- 

pont, 397; Morgan, Lloyd, 125; Morisini, 
Miss Giulia P., 125; Murray, Graham.. 349 

Newton, Professor, 109; Nolan, Terry 29 

Paderewski, Ignace, 301; Paganini, 29; Page, 
Thomas Nelson, 125, 397; Palmer, Pro- 
fessor George Herbert, 397; Parkhurst, 
Dr., 141 ; Parry, Judge, 205 ; Pashkie- 
vitch, Field-Marshal, 141 ; Patti, Adelina, 
205; Peck, George R., 381; Penfield, Ed- 
ward, 1 3 ; Pettenkofer, Max von, 365 ; 
Phelps, Professor, 109; Piatt, Thomas C, 
141; Pope Pius, 269; Porter, General 

Pleasant, yy; Potter, Bishop 253, 269 

Quay, Matthew 413 

Reader, Representative, 125; Redding, Joseph, 
269 ; Reed, Thomas B., 1 09, 349, 365 ; 
Ridgway, Mrs. John, 429 ; Rixey, Con- 
gressman, 157; Roberts, George, 317; 
Roosevelt, President, 13, 77, 269, 317; 
Rothschild, Baron, 413; Russell, William 317 
Sanger, Mr., 125; Scheff, Fritzi, 61; Shaw, 
Secretary, 173; Shea, James, 109; Shep- 
herd, Representative Morris, 77 ; Shep- 
pard, Elliott F., 413 ; Smith, Charles 
Emery, 413; Smith, F. Hopkinson, 301; 
Smoot, Senator Reed, 45; Spencer, 
Herbert, 29, 45, 205; Spooner, Senator, 
253, 301; Stedman, Edmund Clarence, 13; 
Stewart, Douglas, 45; Sweeney, James F., 
269; Swinton, John, 45; Sullivan, Senator, 
61; Sully, Daniel, 317; Sykes, Sir Tatton 13 
Taft, William, 13, 93 ; Takahira, Minister, 
413; Talleyrand, 141 ; Teed, Dr. Cyrus, 
381 ; Throckmorton, Colonel, 205 ; Till- 
man, Senator, 61, 157, 221; Tolstoy, Lyof, 
237; Tower, Charlemagne, 413; Train, 
George Francis, 93; Tree, Beerbohm, 13; 

Twain, Mark... 125, 189, 221, 301 

Uriu, Admiral 189 

Van Duzer, Representative Clarence B., 253; 

Vaughan, Dr., 237; Von Moltke 14 

Waddell, " Rube," 221; Ward, John, 365; 
Warren, Senator, 157; Watterson, Henry, 
93; Webb, Dr. Seward, 285; Webster, 
Daniel, 397; Webster, Noah, 397; Well- 
ington, Duke of, 29 ; Wendell, Barrett, 
349; White, Charles, 141; Whitney, Will- 
iam C, 125, 157; Whistler, James Mc- 
Neill, 29, 301; Wilhelmina, Queen, 381; 
William, Emperor, 13, 93, 253, 429; Will- 
iams, John Sharp, 237, 365; Wilson, 
Francis, 61; Wyckoff, Professor Walter A. 93 
Zola, Emile 13 


Asking Papa 77 

Babies 18 

Carnerockefelleritis 109 

Conversation for Combatants 285 

Decidedly Unusual 237 

Field Notes 397 

Fountain Pen, The 265 

Her First Call on the Butcher 61 

Inexpensive War News 1 73 

"I Says, "He Says," and "She Says".... 29 

Lit'ry Market, The 349 



Money Makes the Mare Go .- 429 

Moral Suasion 157 

Our Beautiful Language 13 

Overheard in Boston 205 

Real Conversation, A 253 

Real Conversation (in a newspaper office), A.. 301 
Real Conversation (in a West End drawing- 
room) , A 365 

Since the Burton Trial 317 

Slang as She is Slung 109 

Specially Made War News 221 

Theatre-Party, A 141 

Unexpected Letter, The 413 

What We Are Coming To 317 

When Boys Fight 381 


Again "Joe Bowers" — W. J. Stockton 195 

" Argonaut " and William Randolph Hearst, 

The — Catherine Stow Ealand 291 

Auto and the Boy, The — H. C. A 195 

Conditions in Colorado, The — J. D. Hawkins 355 
Genesis of the Japanese Navy, The — J. Stewart 179 

Italy a Corpse — L. D. Ventura 136 

Not Natural, But Artificial Stone — George M. 

Stewart 414 

Operatic Handbook, An — J. L. D 195 

Poor Hotels in Northern California — Pro Bono 

Publico j 20 

Roosevelt in California — A True Blue ." . 179, 

Situation in the Far East as Seen by an Eye- 
witness, The— R. L. Fulton 35 

What's Wrong with Southern California? — A. 

C. H 243 

Wilmerding School, The— Rudolph J. Taussig 175 

Word for Mme. Gerster— H. B . 123 


Apperson, Mrs. Drusilla 79 

Ashe, Caroline Mrs 382 

Barkhaus, Frederick W.... at 

Eehr, Dr ....'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 174 

Clark, Mrs. Charles Walter yg 

Clemens, Mrs. Samuel L 4 o8 

Crockett, Joseph B j^ 

Dargie, Jr., William E 159 

Evans, George S 383 

Fawcett, Edgar -34c 

Foote, w. w :;; 127 

Floto, Dr. Henry 4 i 4 

Grant, Adam 206 

Hayward, Alvinza 126 

Huff, Harry S 63 

Hutton, Laurence 409 

Logan, Celia 430 

Pabst, Captain Frederick 21 

Stephen, Sir Leslie 1 36 

Sykes, Jerome 15 

Train, George Francis 55 

Watson, Thomas 74 

Whitney, William C ■ 95 


Art Notes 

14. 15. 63, 159. 191, 206, 254, 267, 318, 

Polo Notes 79t 

Golf Notes 206, 346, 

Mardi Gras Ball 95, no, 

Musical Notes 

47. i", 127, 142, 158, 174, 190, 203, 222, 

254, 267, 302 










De Laveaga-Calaghan 


Du Val-Dibble 










Kilbourne-Leeds _ 
























Wills and Successions 

30, 62, 79, 142, 191, 222, 254, 267, 314, 








~ f 


Vol. LIV. No. 1399. 

San Francisco, January 4, 1904. 

Price Ten Cents 

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.— The Argonaut (title trade-marked) is pub- 
lished every week at No. 246 Sutter Street, by the Argonaut Publishing Com- 
pany. Subscriptions, $4.00 per year ; six months, $2.23 ; three months, £/.jo ; 
payable in advance —postage prepaid. Subscriptions to ail fore igtl countries 
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Address all communications intended for the Editorial Department thus: 
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Make all checks, drafts, postal orders, etc., payable to " T/ie Argonaut 
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The Argonaut can be obtained in London at The International News Co., 
5" Breams Buildings, Chancery Lane; American Neiospaper and Advertising 
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Editorial: Canned Goods and Coffins— Grisly Aftermath of the 
Philippine War — Thrift}- Imi Ghoulish Undertakers — The 
Amazing Story of the Shipbuilding Trust — More Revelations 
of the Shady .Methods of High Finance — The Democratic 
Choice — Parker, Gray, Gorman, Hill, tllney. Bryan, Men- 
tioned — Opinion Still Leans Toward Cleveland — Different 
Kinds of Christmases — Holiday Joys in Rain-Soaked Oregon 
— Festivities Among Icicles and Frost — Real Vuletide in 
Sunny California — Grim Warden Yell's Dictum — A Prison 
Ballad 1-3 

Our Citv Through Parisian Eyes: A French Editor's Impres- 
sions of Life in California — Frank Remarks About Our 
Multi-Millionaires 3-4 

< Ilu Favorites: " Midnight Mass for the Dying Year," by Henry 
Wadsworth Longfellow; " The Deatli of the Old Year," by 
Alfred Tennyson 4 

When Patti Sang in '84: Her Appearance in San Francisco 
Twenty Years Ago — How the Town Went Wild — Her Musi- 
cal Rival — Not a Dramatic Singer — Her Amusing Stage 
Death 5 

Individualities: Notes About Prominent People All Over the 

World 5 

The Red Gibbet: Translated from the French of P. B. Gheusi 

by II. Twitchell 6 

King Edward Goes Visiting: Special Mark of Favor Shown the 
Roxburghes — Brewers and Brewers — The King's Special 
Woman Friend. By " Cockaigne " 7 

Literary Notes: Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip — New Pub- 
lications 8-9 

Drama: "Lxion: or. The Wheelman." at the Tivoli — "The 
Girl With the Green Eyes," at the Columbia. By Josephine 
Hart Phelps 10 

Stage Gossip 11 

Vanity Fair: Jacob French Writes of the Geisha-Girls — Not 
so Bad as Painted — Japanese Wives Made to Stay at Home 
— Geishas as Social Substitutes — Employed by Merchants 
as Entertainers — Cheap Servants in Ireland — New York 
Minister Scores Women's Immodest Dressing — Says They 
Are Indecent — Over Politeness in France — A Tiring Lot of 
Ceremony Extended by Everybody to Everybody — Failure 
of the Champagne Crop — Mouse Shows in England — 
Women's Clubs Abroad 12 

Storyettes: Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise — 
Carries English Water — Governor Taft's Reforms — A Crown 
Prince's Punishment — Zola's_ Vanity — Errors on the Stage — 
President Roosevelt's Effusive Greeting — Snubbed by a Duke 
— Stedman's Laughable Error — Crawford's Hopes of Im- 
mortality — Penfield's Early Start — Very Yellow Journalism.. 13 

The Tuneful Lias: "The Tale of a Martyr." "The Norsk 

Nightingale," "The Grafter's Seven Stages" 13 

Society: Movements and Whereabouts— Notes and Gossip — 

Army and Navy News 14-15 

The Alleged Humorists: Paragraphs Ground Out by the Dis- 
mal Wits of the Day ,6 

In 1898, the Argonaut got itself disliked by saying that 
Canned goods the vaunted "trade with the Philip- 
and pines " would amount to nothing more 

Coffins. than .. canned goods and coffins "_ 

canned goods to put into our soldiers' bodies, and coffins 
in which to bring their bodies back. This has turned 
out to be true. The boasted " Philippine trade " has 
consisted entirely of supplies for the soldiers. We 
regret, however, to say that much of the stuff exported 
was not sent in tins, but in bottles. 

Much water has flowed under the bridges since 1898; 
much money has been made shipping canned goods to 

Manila; much wealth has been amassed supplying our 
absent soldiers with whisky, gin, and beer. But, out- 
side of these government supplies, we have heard of no 
increase in the " Philippine trade." If this statement 
be disputed, we may add that the Manila Chamber of 
Commerce only last month, in a series of bitter reso- 
lutions, declared " there is no Philippine trade." 

But stop. We must not forget the Philippine trade 
in coffins. Ever since 1898, there has been a steady ex- 
port of coffins, and many a stalwart, sturdy, young 
American, who went forth full of energy and ardor, on 
his two feet, has come back cold and rigid, on his back 
in a box. This, however, was to have been expected. 
Although the Argonaut's prediction made many worthy 
people very angry, that also was to have been expected. 

But an unexpected turn has developed in the con- 
ditions of the " Philippine trade." Time was when we 
were exporting government coffins to Manila; now it 
seems we are importing them from there. From the 
daily papers we learn that the body of Mrs. Katherine 
Keefe was to be interred last week at Holy Cross Ceme- 
tery, near San Francisco. As the priest and the 
mourners were gathered around the grave, one of the 
sorrowing relatives read, on the end of the casket, the 
letters ." U. S. A." 

She spoke to the undertaker about it, but he en- 
deavored to pacify her, and the casket was lowered 
into the grave. While this was doing, she noticed, on 
the top of the casket, an inscription reading as follows : 

" Sergeant J. Fogarty, yd Coast Artillery. 
This casket is the property of the United 
States Government, and must not be opened 
under penalty of the law." 

This was too much — the casket was hoisted out of the 
grave, and the body removed to another coffin. 

Since this shameful disclosure, there has been a vast 
amount of explaining all around. But it looks as if 
the facts were that some one is secretly securing the 
coffins supplied by the government for our home-coming 
soldiers, and selling them to thrifty undertakers. One 
of the worst features of war is not its blood and rapine. 
It is that it inspires rapacious patriots with the desire 
to build up fortunes out of their country's armies and 
their country's woes — " To coin the soldiers' blood for 
drachmas," as Brutus said. In our Civil War, clever 
knaves made themselves millionaires by selling shoddy 
goods to soldiers; others made vast fortunes by fur- 
nishing the army with rotten beef. ■ But up to 1898, 
most of this dirty war money has been made out of the 
live soldiers; it has been reserved for our Spanish war 
to see speculation extended to the dead. 

When in 1898 the Argonaut remarked that our ex- 
port trade to the Philippines would consist of " canned 
goods and coffins," we never dreamed that in 1903 part 
of our import trade from the Philippines would also 
consist of coffins — coffins stolen from the bodies of men 
who died for their country. 

Judge Peter S. Grosscup, of the United States Circuit 
The amyzing Court, a man not given to exaggeration, 
story of the recently declared that, in his opinion, 

SHIPYARDS TRUST. ~ ^ „,,,„ who haye passed ff DO gUS 

securities on the public have done more harm to Amer- 
ican institutions, to American spirit, unity, good feeling, 
and prosperity than if they had deliberately spread over 
this land pestilence and fever." 

That is, indeed, a bold statement. But when we con- 
sider how rotten to the bone, how foul and corrupt, was 
the Shipyards Trust, regarding which new and startling 
revelations are being made daily, the judge's utterance 
seems bold — yet not too bold. 

The first developments regarding the trust were bad 
enough, but these later ones are worse. The first in- 
vestigations proved to the satisfaction of all impartial 

observers that the Shipyards Trust, composed of seven 
shipyards, and including the Union Iron Works of San 
Francisco, though capitalized at nearly $80,000,000, had 
assets worth not more than $12,500,000 at the most. 
Though the Bath and Union Iron Works were paying 
concerns, the assets of Nixon's Crescent property were 
" in Nixon's hat," and the Canda Manufacturing Com- 
pany had never manufactured anything. It is credibly 
alleged that it was " put into the trust at an extravagant 
price as a ' favor ' to an ' insider ' " ! The first investi- 
gations further proved that bonds and stock issues were 
voted by boy clerks, who did not know where the ship- 
yards composing the trust were situated — who did not 
know whether the Union Iron Works was in Maine, 
California, or Florida. 

One of these clerks was one of the persons concerned 
in the Franklin Syndicate fraud with " 520 per cent." 
Miller, who was sent to Sing Sing for his thefts. It 
was shown that Schwab sold the Bethlehem Steel Com- 
pany to the Shipyards Trust for $30,000,000, when, in 
fact, it was worth less than $7,000,000; and then held 
up the profits of the company, which. Nixon says, 
wrecked the trust. It was further shown that Schwab 
made an agreement with Harris. Gates & Co., stock- 
brokers, that they were to unload $20,000,000 of his and 
Morgan's stock at a good round price before any other 
was offered — an act of commercial treachery difficult to 
characterize. Many other such facts, disgraceful to 
all concerned, were brought out in the early hearings 
before the examiner. 

The later hearings — and particularly the publication 
of a startling series of letters and cablegrams by the 
New York World, one of the few great and unbought 
newspapers of the metropolis — throw a flood of light 
over one phase of the affair — the attempted placing of 
bonds in France. These bonds, it seems, were " under- 
written " by Paris financiers. They subscribed $3,000,- 
000, and it was to be paid in to J. P. Morgan's Paris 
agents, Morgan. Harjes & Co. But up to the time of 
the Bethlehem deal Morgan had been hostile, or at least 
not favorable, to the Shipbuilding Trust. His agents, 
in Paris, though they were the persons designated to 
receive the $3,000,000, had spread unfavorable reports 
about it. Things were looking bad, the Frenchmen 
were getting scared. Therefore the Shipbuilding Trust 
threatened to take business away from Morgan. Harjes 
& Co. if they didn't shout for the trust. And so 
Morgan in New York cabled Harjes, in Paris, 
and Harjes began to beam on the enterprise and to tell 
the French investors that it certainly was a good thing. 
" properties valuable," " personnel fine." t '/ cetera. But 
still the Frenchmen held aloof. One thing that disturbed 
them — especial!)- Baron Rogniat, who had subscribed 
liberally — was the fact that they had been deceived by 
a cablegram from the Trust Company of the Republic, 
in New York, saying that the underwriting there had 
been " a success." This they naturally took to mean 
that the entire $9,000,000 in bonds had been subscribed. 
And when they found that $2,000,000 was in fact the 
figure, their grief was great. The promoters had to 
explain to Baron Rogniat the meaning of "a success 
He was told (this is sworn to) "that it was the general 
custom among financiers of standing in New York to 
declare all issues a success, and then peddle out the 
bonds later." But the Baron remained unconsoled. 
Bonds in the sum of $200,000 were set aside to subsidize 
the French press, but still those who had subscribed the 
$3,000,000 refused to come down with the cash. Even 
threats of legal action proved useless. 1 hit of $3,000.- 
000. only $50,000 was collected in cash. Then the crash 
came, and the game was up. 

What a blow has been dealt the 1 
American business men tor honesty 
ing and honor, by the machinations of 


January 4, 1904. 

financiers." After this, what foreign investor will 
believe a Xew York "financier" on oath? Has not 
ever)- American security been made more difficult of 
sale abroad by this great goldbrick game? And what 
of American investors who have been gulled ? What of 
the feeling of insecurity which has permeated the whole 
commercial body, menacing our prosperity? Is it any 
wonder that such men as Judge Grosscup declare that 
the Morgans and Schwabs " have done more harm to 
American institutions, to American spirit, unity, good 
feeling, and prosperity than if they had deliberately 
spread over the land pestilence and fever " ? 




All Christmases are divided into three sorts: the snowy, 
icy, traditional, or chilblain Christmas; 
the damp, rainy, misty, smudgy, or 
Webfoot Christmas, which flourishes in 
Oregon and Washington; and the sunny, skyey, fra- 
grant, benign California variety. Of these three, the 
greatest is the last. In San Francisco, on Christmas 
Day. the sun shone all day long; the sky was blue; 
unovercoated crowds thronged Golden Gate Park; shirt- 
waists were comfortable wear; a score of members of 
an athletic club went swimming in the sea at the Cliff 

It is natural and laudable that people sorely afflicted 
should make the most of a poor thing. Who can blame 
those worthy forefathers who, discovering that a sour 
climate had fobbed off on them a cross, reprehensible, 
frosty season as Christmastide, did straightway, in all 
orthodoxy, decree that, unless snow, wind, icicles, and 
blue noses were abroad, there was no real, unimpeach- 
able Christmas cheer? But why should their enlight- 
ened descendants continue to bawl salutations through 
sore throats, hug the fire, and bless flannel, as if Beth- 
lehem had been the centre of all blizzards? And those 
unhappy denizens of the Oregon forest, mist-en- 
wrapped, rain-sodden, dripping joyfully, shining 
moistly, uttering foggy greetings by steaming Christ- 
mas trees — can self-delusion go farther than to assert 
that such aguish festivity is the best? Can these holi- 
day Webfeet. by any watery syllogism, maintain suc- 
cessfully i' the eye of their invisible sun that Christmas 
is a celebration of the forty days and forty nights of 
the Deluge ? 

A philosopher of parts once stoutly averred that error 
was your only true unhappiness, and that the reputed 
bliss of ignorance was a child's tale. Therefore, the Cali- 
fornian, sun-warmed, zephyr-fanned, cheered to the 
very innermost cockles of his heart by a radiant sky 
and verdant soil, may well contemplate with pity, and 
pity with a feeling akin to contempt, the benighted 
mortals huddled in great coats or enveloped in mackin- 
toshes and other garments fortified with caoutchouc, 
who go through the motions of a glad holiday in the 
interstices of a snow-drift or in the shallows of an 
aquarium. A frosted toe and a stalled coal wagon may 
represent to the wretched inhabitant of the zeroed East 
the scene of glad tidings of great joy; a wet hill, a 
superincumbent cloud, and the folded hem of a dank 
trouser will possibly continue for a space to make fes- 
tive the heart in the mossy bosom of the Webfoot; yet 
the thrice-blessed Californian, on his vine-clad hill or 
luxuriant valley, will charitably regret that there has 
been no Moses to lead the erring to the land flowing 
with milk and honey. 

These general and irrefutable observations have their 
particular applications within the recollection of the 
writer. He recalls a Christmas Eve spent in the in- 
glorious altitudes of an elevated station in New York, 
where some two thousand package-laden sufferers 
wailed under the chilly sizzle of frosty arc-lamps until 
a profane track crew could extricate from a tangle, a 
mile long, some thirty icy trains. He remembers, with 
reminiscent tingling of the ears, the oft repeated assur- 
ance of a much-muffled police sergeant that " After all. 
you'll get away sometime," and " There aint no surface 
cars running, ma'am," and " Hang it. sir, you couldn't 
walk a block on your legs unless they was a mile long." 
Christmas weather, indeed! The dastard that had ven- 
tured to inject into that crowd a whisper about Merry 
Christmas would have died under an avalanche of sour 
looks. Also the imprisoned passengers saw, only too 
distinctly, into the upper windows of a very respectable 
tenement across the street, and as the lights faded out 
behind the dim panes they knew that some of the women 
and children in there were bitterly mourning the lack of 
oil. which meant that cold hands couldn't lie warmed by 
hot, smoky lamp-chimneys. Happy season when every 
man sensible to the circumstances of his fellows must 
feel like h; tiffing himself on the first Christmas tree he 
■ across ! 

nid U.i I ington has been dragged the 

of meteorological felicity. They have missed 
■y a hair. Beauty has been granted, but no 
sky wherein to see themselves withal. They 
d by the elements, and umbrellas bob up like 

poppies in a field. A fair country, i' faith, if a man 
could but once see it for the mist. And the dwellers 
therein. Webfeet as they take pride in calling them- 
selves, are not lacking in hospitality or in traditional 
endeavor to fulfill the character of a holiday when the 
season appears by the almanac. 'Tis a malignant 
climate that denies them fruitage to their desires. 
Jupiter Pluvius sets the pachydermatous foot of hu- 
midity upon the delicate flower of merriment. 

How incomparably better to drink the dry champagne 
of California sunshine where the cement of affection 
does not have to set under water, where the pedal 
integuments of beauty are not vulcanized, where the 
coign of coquetry is not an umbrella, and man may mix 
his metaphors, as his drinks, fearless of the addition of 
climatic fog to bibulous calenture of the noddle. A sky 
of azure, sapphire seas, fair hills, and happy folk re- 
joicing in the sun, careless of thermometer, hygrometer. 
and barometer: these be more blessed than the raw 
concomitants of hothouse hilarity enjoyed by the un- 
happy wights whose wizened rrfirth crackles over the 
frozen soil of the Eastern States, or bubbles to the 
surface of an Oregon marsh. 

The outbreaks and escapes at Folsom Prison some 
■■ pile th m months ago led to a change of wardens. 
Forty deep," From the proceedings at a recent meet- 
Warden Yell! ; n g f (jj e Doarc j f prison directors, it 
is evident that the new warden differs from the old 
one. It will be remembered that ex- Warden Wilkinson 
and his officers were seized and used as shields by the 
convicts, and that the terrified officers ordered the 
guards not to fire. At their recent meeting, the prison 
directors asked Warden Yell if there was any truth in 
the rumors of a threatened outbreak at Folsom. War- 
den Yell replied that the exact opposite was the case ; 
that his guards are men of great determination; that 
they are all dead shots ; that they are ordered to fire on 
escaping convicts, even if it endangers the prison offi- 
cers' hides. He closed his remarks to the prison di- 
rectors thus grimly : 

"If they try to make a break we will pile them forty 
deep," said Warden Yell. 

In addition to the vigor and grimness of this remark, 
it has a metrical and rhythmical quality. It sounds not 
unlike the lines in certain of Campbell's poems. It 
would make an excellent refrain for a ballad for prison 
reading. We commend it to our local bards. Take 
" The Battle of the Baltic " as a model : 

" There was silence deep as death ; 
And the boldest held his breath 
For a time." 

And build up the ballad on the warden's grim lines: 

" If a break they try to make 
In a heap we'll pile them deep. 
We will pile them forty deep." 
Said Warden Yell. 

That Caesarian operation, by which Panama was 
brought to the light of liberty, may 
Search for a be necessary, the doctors think, in 
Man and Issue. the case Q f tne Democratic party, 
or its travail bids fair to be without issue. For many 
days the warders on the watch-towers of Jeffersonian 
simplicity have been hailed by the anxious commonalty 
desirous to know wdiether the policy of the imminent 
campaign has been born. But the cradle of the cam- 
paign issue is empty. The union of Democracy, so 
loudly vaunted, seems destined to sterility. 

Since the Sage of Princeton announced to Dr. Mc- 
Kelway, of the Brooklyn Eagle, and the world, his ir- 
revocable resolve not to stand for a fourth nomination 
to the Presidency, there has been renewed activity 
among the lesser fry. Judge Parker, Judge Gray, 
Senator Gorman. Richard Olney, Senator Hill, nay, 
even that shrewish tourist, W. Jennings Bryan, have 
each been transiently installed by the suffrages of the 
momentarily enthusiastic as leader of the " reunited 
party." Of these. Judge Alton B. Parker, of New York, 
and Senator Arthur Pue Gorman, of Maryland, " ap- 
pear " most prominently. The judge, in spite of many 
years of retirement in the duties of a judicial office, is 
at this moment considered by many to be the least 
objectionable. He is characterized, to the unmeasured 
horror of certain rabid Kentucky journals, as " a man 
of Cleveland's stamp," eulogized as " of as great per- 
sonal cleanliness as Roosevelt"; he is thought to be 
" safe." Yet. amid the chorus raised in his behalf, there 
pipes the still small voice regretting that Judge Parker 
stands for nothing in national affairs. 

He is " regular," as the fluent slang runs, but regular- 
ity in the Democratic sense would be irregularity of a 
startling kind in the Pickwickian sense. The judge 
has voted for silver, for protection, and for a gold 
standard with a tariff for revenue only. The Brooklyn 
Eagle, his champion, remarks, a little wearily, and with 
the appositeness of a Dogberry : " It will not be neces- 

sary every day to point out the availability of Judge 
Parker. His name has been brought before the country. 
Friends and opponents are thinking about him. His 
capabilities will be discovered and debated." The 
World, acknowledging that it will support Parker if 
nominated regularly, demurs to hasty action; thinks 
there are other pretty pebbles on the beach. Altogether, 
the attitude of the Democratic leaders toward Judge 
Parker is one of polite reserve. 

Senator Gorman, on the other hand, evokes lively 
support and opposition. He is known to be shrewd, and 
strongly suspected of being astute in the matter of the 
right hand and the left. But he is, to speak nationally, 
a cipher. As an agitated Texas paper puts it, " he is 
peanutty." There is a feeling that his clever manipu- 
lation of Maryland in his own interests may prejudice 
common voters with narrow, non-Marylandish notions 
of honesty. For Judge Gray, of Delaware, there is still 
less open support, and Mr. Olney is usually " men- 
tioned " only to be carelessly damned, as tainted with 

Remains Mr. Bryan (Mr. Hearst is no longer con- 
sidered, apparently). Here is a man and an issue com- 
bined. " In Bryan," vociferates the Milwaukee News, 
" the new Democracy is typified. He is the lion-hearted 
leader, . . . the greatest, strongest, living Demo- 
crat." With this emphasis on " living," the A'ezvs con- 
tinues in a strain of extravagant eulogy. The A r ews is 
almost if not quite alone. But only a few others 
whisper of Bryan. Some in dread, fearful lest this 
Bluebeard, who has twice slain the spouse of Democ- 
racy, is again to wield the conjugal axe. Sister Anne 
is on the tower in the person of the New Orleans Times- 
Democrat, seeking to descry on the dusty road of 1904 
the rescuer. Others mourn on the stairs that all that is 
seen is but sheep for the slaughter. Others pray loudly 
for some Albany, who, in his victorious course, will 
touch the Democratic Calphurnia, and make her shake 
off her sterile course. 

In this double quest of a standard and a standard- 
bearer, the weakness of leading Democrats is being 
disclosed. It seems but newly to have struck them that 
opposition to Roosevelt is not the whole of salvation. 
"We hate this Panama business," is one cry; but 
neither Parker nor Gorman has lifted up his voice to 
say what the United States should do or will do if the 
Democrats come into power. " Roosevelt is unreliable 
and spectacular," is another wail. But none of the 
candidates for the Democratic nomination has ventured 
to announce what he would do. The New York Even- 
ing Post, which is at present dry-nursing the party, 
admits this serious lack in the would-be captains of the 
Jeffersonian hosts, and says, resignedly, " the quest of 
an artificial political issue is certain to be fruitless," and 
advises the party to " shoot Republican folly as it flies." 
Yet, even if the party shoots straight, it looks to most 
as if for its pains it would have only a Republican issue, 
and a dead one at that. Therefore, there is a turning 
of the heads once more to Princeton, and renewed calls 
for Cleveland, with a hint that he who burst the Demo- 
cratic firkin and spilled the butter is the only artificer 
that can repair the damage. " The movement to place 
a strong man at the head of the government may take 
a form that will prevail even over Mr. Cleveland's 
emphatic personal wishes," says the Boston Post. 
" Such a call he can not refuse." And leading dailies 
echo: "Aye." 

Commercial San Francisco faces Nineteen Hundred 
and Four with confidence, and looks 
back on the year just past with satisfac- 
tion. The feeling of unrest and inse- 
curity prevalent in the East, causing there a more or 
less marked period of industrial depression, has ap- 
peared in San Francisco not at all. The enormous 
liquidations in stocks, the disaster to the Shipbuilding 
Trust and other industrial combinations, have affected 
San Francisco only remotely. The report of the bureau 
of buildings shows that building operations costing 
$16,416,974 were carried out during the first eleven 
months of 1903, and the total for the year will, there- 
fore, be not far from $17,000,000. But the building 
activity is even more apparent to the eye than in the 
reports. He who walks abroad can" not fail to perceive 
that some of the finest structures in the entire city are 
now in course of construction. The Fairmont is a 
hotel structure that, in beauty of site and elegance of 
appointments, will scarcely have a match in the world. 
The St. Francis Hotel, on Union Square, will have 
four hundred and fifty rooms for guests. On the site 
of the old Tivoli will be a hotel sufficient in size for an 
equal number. " Castle Law," a hotel to be constructed 
next war at the corner of Pine and Stockton Streets, 
will have seven hundred guest-rooms. As for the 
smaller family hotels and apartment-houses, they are 
innumerable. And yet the better places still continue 
to turn people away for lack of room. Office-buildings 
are filled as soon as finished. Many more huge ones 

San Francisco 
and the 
New Year. 

January 4, 1904. 


are soon to be built. The price of real estate continues 
strong' — instance the sale of the Bishop property on 
Market Street to Herbert E. Law for $1,000,000, or 
$7,000 a front foot — and rents certainly do not lessen. 
Only last week the rental of property on Market near 
Fourth was increased from twenty-five to seventy per 
cent. The south-of-Market district — long a part 
of the city devoid of office-buildings — now has several 
which are filling up with a good class of tenants. 
Chinatown — so long an eyesore — is getting cleaned up 
and respectable. All straws tend to show that San 
Francisco is receiving a vast number of people from the 
East, who are becoming permanent residents. In brief 
San Francisco's past year has been a great one in her 
history; 1904 promises yet more. 

The report that one hundred and thirty persons have 
been summarily deported from the " Re- 

Events of thk r 

Week in the public of Panama " for " speaking 
Panama Affair. a g a inst the Transformation Politico 
Consumada El Glorioso 3 dc Novenibre" makes the 
President's declaration that the people of the Isthmus 
" literally rose as one man " seem — well, just a little 
bit sweeping. There are even more than one hundred 
and thirty, it seems, who object to being Panamans 
rather than Colombians. But they are not talking. The 
deportation of the one hundred and thirty has been, we 
hear, a " stern lesson." Well for the malcontents just 
now if they strictly and severely obey the Biblical in- 
junction — "Curse not the king [nor the junta], no not 
in thy thought . . . for a bird of the air shall carry the 

Another touching bit of news from Panama is that, 
" owing to the perplexity of selecting a vice-president, 
persons with equal claim and inclination toward the 
office abounding, and wishing for harmony above all 
things in Washington, it was decided to have no vice- 
president at all." There's statesmanship for you ! The 
elections, also, seem to have gone oft" smoothly. A legis- 
lature was elected, which will choose the president, and 
adopt a constitution. The Panamans must almost be 
able to convince themselves that they are running the 
whole show. 

Meanwhile, President Roosevelt has been following 
the precept, " In time of peace prepare for war/' The 
New York is on her way to Panama. Troops on this 
Coast have been notified to be in perfect readiness to 
depart thence. But that they will be needed still seems 
extremely improbable. 

As for the great question which promises to absorb 
the attention of the country when Congress convenes — 
Will the Senate ratify the treaty? — conflicting reports 
continue to emanate from Washington. It takes sixty 
votes to ratify; the Republican senators number fifty- 
seven; the possible Republican defection (Hoar and 
Hale) is two; the Democrats outspoken for the treaty 
are two — Taliaferro and Mallory, of Florida ; the legis- 
lature has instructed Louisiana senators to vote for the 
treaty; and the doubtful Democratic senators number 
thirteen. The doubtful ones are, of course, mainly 
from the South, and the South wants the canal. The 
South would furnish a large part of the millions in 
supplies used; it would most largely benefit by the great 
waterway when it is completed; the South has no 
scruples about the " rights of secession " ; it is tempera- 
mentally imperalistic. Therefore, those best informed 
seem convinced that the treaty will eventually — though 
after much talk and many wry faces — be ratified by the 

Two. in particular, of the grand jury's recommenda- 
Grand iu vs tions i° its final report, are deserving of 
Wise Recom- public approval. The grand jury pointed 
mendations. out tnat tne p0 ]j ce judges are too lenient. 

The city pays a huge sum for police protection, but the 
judges make their efforts futile by letting the thugs 
and thieves go. Out of 956 arrests for battery, 693 
were discharged. Out of 366 for violation of lottery 
laws, 221 cases were dismissed. The maximum fine or 
penalty for most offenses with which police judges deal 
is $500 or six months. The fines actually imposed, 
says the grand jury, are "generally $2.50. $5.00, or 
$10.00, rarely exceeding those amounts." In 1882, 
with a population of 234,000. the arrests for two months 
were 3,841, and the fines aggregated $15,471. This 
year, with a population of over 400,000, the arrests 
numbered 5,582, but fines amounted only to $4,527.50. 
The courts cost $64,500 to run during the year, and the 
fines aggregated $22,886. Such facts can only result 
from catering to the criminal class (who, unfortunately, 
have votes), and the remedy suggested is a change in 
the law providing for the appointment of judges by the 
mayor at a larger salary than they now receive, in order 
to attract more capable men to the places. 

The other matter adverted to by the grand jury is the 
mobbing of non-union business houses by union men, 
evidently inspired by the all-too-familiar but disgrace- 

Fish— Fresh 

ful scenes enacted in front of a restaurant on Market 
Street last week. The grand jury justly says: 

While not desiring to interfere in any way. shape, or form 
with labor organizations or other institutions, which, when 
properly handled, may be beneficial to the country and to our 
honest mechanics, we do most earnestly insist that law and 
order must prevail in our fair city, and all attempts to inter- 
fere with the rights and privileges of any man must be 
promptly stopped and severely punished. 

There may be just as good fish in the sea as ever were 
caught, but few of them come to San 
Francisco. Or (to be more correct) 
San Franciscan. t ^ e ^ sn ma y be good fish when they are 
caught, but not when they are eaten. Will it be be- 
lieved when we say that for a period of three days and 
nights, from Thursday evening, December 24th, when 
the polyglot fishermen of San Francisco returned from 
their fishing for Christmas, no more fresh fish came to 
San Francisco? During this period our polyglot fish- 
ermen devoted themselves to the innocent joys of in- 
toxication and murder. On Sunday night, December 
27th, recovering from their debauch, they put forth 
again, and on Monday afternoon San Francisco once 
more had fresh fish — that is, as fresh as we ever get 
it (which is but indifferent fresh). That a large city, 
situated between an ocean and a bay, should for three 
days depend upon stale fish seems peculiar, but it is 
true. 'Tis true, 'tis peculiar, and most peculiar 'tis, 
'tis true. Aye, it was pitiful, dined the whole city full, 
fish they had none ! 

Senator Depew vouches for the statement that it has 
been thirty-six years since New York 

New York wants j j 

Democratic had a national convention. He thinks 

Convention. ; t about her turn. And now that Chicago 

has been decided upon for the Republican convention, 
the sentiment in favor of New York as a meeting-place 
for the Democrats seems to be growing. John Sharp 
Williams, the Democratic leader in the House, declares 
he would '* be perfectly willing to see it go there. " 
Representative Cooper, of Texas, says he is " heartily 
in favor " of New York. Other prominent Democrats 
express similar opinions. The main trouble with New 
York as a convention city is that in summer it is hot. 
But Slayden, of Texas, who evidently knows his New 
York, subtly remarks that " New York offers greater 
facilities for getting out of heat than any other. Within 
an hour after the adjournment of the convention for a 
day, the delegates and officials could be at some sea- 
shore resort." It almost seems as if the gentleman from 
Texas had used a needless euphemism in the course 
of his remarks. Why not come right out and say that 
after the convention all the delegates will head straight 
for Coney Island? 

An issue of seven millions of dollars in Philippine 
„, „ bonds will be required to pav the friars 

The SErrLEMENT ^ * J 

of the Friar for their lands in the Philippines, sale of 
Lands Question. w hich has recently been consummated. 
These bonds, it is announced, will draw four per cent., 
and will be redeemable after ten and within thirty 
years. They will be issued within sixty days. The 
land purchased from the friars amounts to about three 
hundred and ninety-one thousand acres, and it will be 
the policy of the government to sell it in small tracts 
to Filipinos, giving preference to present tenants. 
From the funds thus derived the bonds will be re- 
deemed. The heads of the religious orders concerned 
have expressed dissatisfaction with the smallness of the 
price agreed upon, but the fact doubtless is that eight- 
een dollars an acre, the sum paid, is a good round price 
for property to which the friars' real title was doubtful. 
The Pope is reported to have been " highly delighted," 
exclaiming; " It is the best Christmas-box I could have 
had." Most of the friars have already left the islands 
for more healthy parts of the world. For, somehow or 
other, the poor Filipino hombrc has a deadly hatred 
for the sort of opulent " spiritual benefactor " who toils 
not, but exacts of him his utmost farthing for the sup- 
port of " the church " — not to mention other matters. 

Something people seldom think about is the cost to the 
Cost of municipal government of giving them a 

Elections in chance to vote. Registrar Walsh's re- 
San Francisco. cent report t0 tne board of election com- 
missioners contains some facts which will be indeed 
surprising to most. He reported : 

That the total expense of the primary on August 11th was 
$9,560.84. or 3633 cents per vote cast; the special bond issue 
elections for proposed improvements and Geary Street road 
acquisition cost together $19,121.68, or 363-10 cents per vote; 
and the municipal election of November 3d cost $61,810.28, 
or $1.03 per vote. Total cost of all elections. $90,492.80. 
m a-^. 

The California Promotion Committee reports that it 
has induced the Weather Bureau to post the tempera- 
ture record of San Francisco daily on bulletin boards 
in one hundred and sixty-eight cities. 


A French Editor's Experiences of Life in San Francisco— Hts Com- 
ments on Southern California— Frank Remarks About 
Our Multi-Millionaires. 

The Paris Figaro has lately been publishing letters 
from one of its editors, Mr. Jules Huret, who is travel- 
ing in the United States. Many of the letters are 
largely about things familiar in our mouths as house- 
hold words. Still, Mr. Huret's surprise over the meth- 
ods of working in our City Hall, even if familiar, is 
not without its interest: 

I visited (he says) the City Hall and other municipal 
buildings. The law courts in the City Hall are rather remark- 
able, to a Frenchman. The proceedings take place in a very 
happy-go-lucky fashion. The stenographers take depositions, 
pleadings, judgments, etc., and every five or ten ininuus leave 
their desks and go to a phonograph, into which they recite 
their notes, the machine subsequently repeating them to a type- 
writer. All deeds, mortgages, etc., must be preserved in the 
Hall of Records ; they are written with what are called " book- 
typewriters." very complicated machines, adapted to every 
size, style, and thickness of book. In one of the offices I saw 
about a score of men and women working these book-type- 

I went into several courtrooms. All o r rhc.n had rubber 
mats on the floor, to muffle the sound of feet. In every court- 
room there was a canister of water and a drinking-glass. ou- 
of which everybody drank. In every corner I saw enormous 
spittoons. During the court proceedings the judges were 
dressed exactly like the other people — not. as with us. in 
gowns. They listened to lawyers, clad in sack-coats, who 
talked to the judges in conversational tones with their hands 
in their pockets. 

In one courtroom I was present at the trial of a divorce 
case. The wife was a tall, elegantly dressed, and rather pretty 
woman. She was seated face to face with the man whom she 
was trying to divorce, and both of them were chewing gum. 
When she was asked as to her complaint she replied that h^-r 
husband would £;ve her no money, that he had beaten her 
se\eral times, ana that he frequently came home drunk. Her 
husband attempted to refute the charges, but did not succeed. 
In a few minutes the judge decided the case against the hus- 
band. America is the paradise of women, and the judges 
always believe the wives. California is certain';/ a paradise 
for women who want a divorce ; while in New York there is 
but one cause for divorce (adultery ), in California there are six. 

Mr. Huret was much struck with the catalogues in 
our public libraries: 

These catalogues are on parchment bands, rolled around 
cylinders which are turned with a crank. The authors' names 
are inscribed in alphabetical order, with signs indicating the 
shelves where the books may be found. There is a cylinder 
for each letter of the alphabet. Thus you can find a book in 
two or three minutes. In our National Library, in Paris, it 
sometimes takes an hour and a half to find a book. 

Mr. Huret went to the public schools and was much 
surprised at the seriousness and gravity of the chil- 

Their faces seem like those of grown-up people; the little 
girls seem even more serious than the boys. Most of the girls 
are pretty ; some, although very young, have figures like those 
of grown women. All of them are well dressed, and some 
handsomely dressed. Among these latter I was shown some 
who were the children of workingmen. 

What struck me most in the educational course was the 
extreme importance given to the most minute facts of United 
States history. It makes us Europeans smile to hear the word 
" history " applied to the short and simple existence of the 
United States. The names of completely unknown generals, 
and of events almost equally unknown, spangle the pages of 
the school-books ; these names pour from the mouths of the 
school-mistresses and school-children as if they were the 
names of Cxsar, Alexander, or Napoleon : they talk of their 
insignificant dates as if they were like those of the Crusades 
or the French Revolution. This is partly due to an organized 
effort to create in this newly hatched and very mixed popu- 
lation a sentiment of patriotism. I asked the school-mistress 
if she had ever observed any drawbacks in the co-education 
of the two sexes. She was so surprised at my question that 
it was evident she had never thought of it. 

She spoke to me of the individuality and self-possession of 
the scholars, and said : " In order to show you how well bal- 
anced these children are, I will give the signal for an alarm 
of fire." 

We went out into the corridor. Here she blew a big whistle. 
Immediately a boy left his seat, advanced, and took his place 
by her side : his duty was to act as aid-de-camp — to run 
hither and thither, and to transmit her orders. Simultaneously, 
half a dozen other boys, as by prearrangement. went and 
opened certain windows, to ascertain and report where the fire 
was. As these windows were being opened. I heard the sound 
of measured footsteps. I turned, and saw long lines of 
children marching in ranks, two by two. with measured steps 
down the stairs. As fast as one troop passed the doors of 
Classroom A, Class B would emerge and follow them. Thus 
they descended without the slightest sign of excitement or 
alarm, until finally many hundreds of children were all drawn 
up in line in the street facing the school-house. All of this 
was conducted with measured tread to the sound of a drum, 
and the vast building was evacuated inside of four minutes. 
Again the whistle blew, and the hundreds of children went 
back to their seats and resumed their work. 

" As the children never know when the alarm is for a 
genuine fire," said the school-mistress. " they would go out 
just as calmly for a genuine alarm." 

He goes on to remark on the high prices paid to me- 
chanics in San Francisco. He says that bricklayers get 
from five to six dollars a day, car-conductors three dol- 
lars, policemen one hundred dollars a month, and so on. 
But what seemed to amaze him most of all are the fees 
of the San Francisco physicians. He gives them as fol- 
lows : 

Medical visits to the patient's residence, $10; medical cer- 
tificate, $20 ; death certificate. $50 : consultation having a legal 
significance. $500; operation on the skull. $150; fracture. 
$500; ligature of arteries, $500; operation on a tumor. $500: 
trepanning, $500 ; touching an abscess with a bistouri. $50 : 
reduction of a slight fracture of the finger, $50; removing a 
foreign body from the car. §50. These prices are fixed by the 
Medical Society of San Francisco, and I copied them from the 
last official report of that society. 

One of the novelties that fell under Mr. Huret's 
eye is what he calls " boycottage ": 

I was passing one evening up Market Street 
thoroughfare of the city. In front of a restaui 
man was walking up and down with a sign 


January 4, 1904. 

letters, saying : " Workingmen, do not patronize this restau- 
rant. It is an unfair place." I endeavored to ascertain the 
cause of this boycott, and was told that the cooks and waiters 
were non-union, and, therefore, the union had boycotted the 
place. For several days I passed this restaurant, the boycott 
continued, but at the expiration of less than a week the restau- 
rant-keeper capitulated. 

Mr. Huret made the usual trip to the Cliff House, 
makes the usual remarks about the seals and the Seal 
Rucks, and expressed the usual opinion of the " vast 
Pacific," all of which we will spare our readers. In 
the olden golden days of the Cliff House, he would have 
been taken to "The Cottage"; now. on his return, he 
was taken to the French restaurants. He was much 
-truck by the cabinets particulars — the private dining- 
rooms : 

In the Eastern States (he says), the prudish law forbids 
these private rooms. If you wish to receive several friends in 
an intimate little dinner, you will be given a private room, but 
the door must be left open. But the French have brought to 
California a certain tinge of liberalism in manner, despite the 
great scandal which it has given to the Puritans. 

Mr. Huret's remark about the "open door" recalls 
the fact that years ago, in Delmonico's, the composer 
Offenbach gave a little dinner in a private room. After 
coffee was served, Offenbach bade the waiter go out and 
shut the door. The waiter went out, but would not 
shut the door, which nearly resulted in a fight between 
him and the insulted maestro. 

Among the gentlemen whom he met in San Fran- 
cisco, Mr. Huret names a few- 
Prince Poniatowski. well known to Paris as a boulevardier, 
has become here a man of affairs of the first water. He is 
one of the board of directors of a leading San Francisco bank, 
and has created in the Sierra Nevadas a railway costing several 
millions. He is allied by marriage with the richest family in 
San Francisco, the Crockers. He lives with his charming wife 
and adorable children in a chateau at Burlingame, situated in 
the midst of a wild yet charming country, from which one sees 
the Bay of San Francisco and the Pacific Ocean. He took me 
to the Pacific-Union Club, the richest in the city. He pointed 
out to me the old pioneers who founded San Francisco, among 
them D. O. Mills, a septuagenarian, one of the richest men in 
the United States. I was also taken to the Bohemian Club, 
where the young and vivacious element of the city may be 

Mr. Huret goes to visit the universities, both at Ber- 
keley and Palo Alto. He is struck by the beauty of 
Berkeley's site: 

It sits at the foot of a hill, amid groves and avenues, and is 
girt with ancient oaks. It looks out on the Bay of San Fran- 
with a splendid view through the Golden Gate, which 
opens upon the infinite Pacific Ocean. At sunrise it is a 
dream — there is nothing more magnificent. But, aside from its 
wonderful natural beauty, the university at Berkeley looks to 
me like all the other universities in the United States. They 
are all exactly alike — the buildings, grounds, classrooms, and 

Mr. Huret goes to Palo Alto, and describes the Stan- 
ford buildings. He expresses some surprise at the ex- 
tremely intimate nature of the relics to be found there, 
and wonders whether Californians are impressed or 
amused by them. He winds up by saying: 

But. probably, no one smiles at this domestic museum, this 
curious collection, nor at this bronze group of the entire 
family. The Americans are peculiar. As all this is surrounded 
by walls of marble, as tens of millions have been expended 
here; above all. as the sense of what is ridiculous is almost 
unknown in this practical country, it is probable that the Cali- 
fornians genuinely admire it all, just as the Bostonians are 
proud of their " historical museum of United States." 

The tone which Mr. Huret adopts in these criticisms 
is calculated to make the average American's blood 
boil. To say that we have no sense of humor is prepos- 
terous. We have always made fun of the French. Do 
they not eat frogs and snails? That a Frenchman, with 
a Franco-Gallic history behind him of two thousand 
years, should sneer at our one-century span, may not 
be a matter of wonder. But think how much more im- 
portant our history has been than that of the French! 
Then fancy any Frenchman pitying Boston — it would 
make the average cold Bostonian hot with anger. But 
he is leaving San Francisco, so we will go with Mr. 
Huret to Southern California. Of LosAngeles he says: 

Southern California has an ideal climate. Its winter resorts 

and summer watering-places are the most agreeable in the 

world from the climatic standpoint. There are plenty of hotels 

where you can live at a very high price and feed on atrociously 

ed food, but that is the case nearly all over America. 

a modern city. Fifty years ago there were 
only two thousand inhabitants, now there arc over a hundred 
thousand. Even to-day, in the main streets of Los Angeles, 
one may s V -c lofty buildings, costing hundreds of thousands of 
dollars, while beside them are mangy shanties almost falling 

Mr. Huret was pleased with the residence quarter of 
l.o- hicn he describes at length. The profu- 

sion of flowers in winter and the many beautiful shrubs 
and trees amaze him. So witli Pasadena — he is struck 
by the beauty of this favored place. The only unpleas- 
ant note in his account is of a " hold up " on the elec- 
tric railway between Pasadena and Los \ngeles which 
took place the day before lie traveled over it. in which 
all the pa-- < ngers were robbed and one young man 
who resisted was murdered. 

lie describes with great frankness the guests, their 
manners, and custom- in the winter resorts of Southern 
I California : 

At thi iy*)i 3 Oil see a special society — men 

n fifty and sixty, with their wives and daughters, and 
no young or middle-aged men at all. This crowd is not an in- 
teresting one, but they are very carefully dressed. In the 
evening, all the men wear dinner-jackets or evening coat-, and 

nen *ear son 1 gowns. 

1 i] ■ the grand hall of th< I 
with el nled out Mr. John D. Rocke- 

!.■ 1 althiesl of. all the 

: hal the richest in thl 

lhan four milliards of francs. 

dred million dollars in United States 

;istered 1 al the treasury. The Standard 

.1. h year in dividends twenty million dollars. 

In addition "to that he is one of the wealthiest owners in 
American railway stocks. Forty years ago, in 1863, he did not 
have a thousand dollars. He was a poor salesman in Cleve- 
land, Ohio. He began studying up the petroleum situation, 
made several fortunate speculations, and to-day he is the 
petroleum king. If he wishes to make a present of a few- 
millions to his friend Harper, president of the University of 
Chicago, all he has to do is. with a stroke of his pen. to mark 
up by a cent the price of petroleum. 

In this hotel, one evening, as we were sitting at table, a 
friend pointed to me the potentate. Before leaving France, I 
had read in the papers that Mr. Rockefeller was a walking 
cadaver; that he was bald, gaunt, and leaned on a walking-stick: 
that he had eaten no solid food for six years, and that the only 
way he was fed was by means of artificial nutriment. I found 
that this was an error. Rockefeller is a man of lofty stature, 
and of a large, bony frame. His shoulders are only slightly 
stooped. He marches without a stick, and has a firm tread. 
He is only sixty-four years old. True, he is not handsome. 
You could not find a single spear of hair on his shiny skull, 
nor upon the thin and bony face with its prominent cheek- 
bones and its red skin. He has a long nose, jutting out 
between two little black eyes with a hard, sharp look in them. 
Thin, almost invisible, lips are firmly compressed over a 
prominent chin. He gives one the impression of great force. 
Under his silk skull cap he seems like an old monk of the 
Inquisition, such as one sees in the Spanish picture-galleries. 

Seven o'clock sounds, and every body hastens toward the 
dining-room. I do not lose sight of the magnate. As he goes 
along he salutes Frick, of Pennsylvania, Carnegie's partner, 
who, I am told, is the brainier of the two. He salutes Mr. 
Lincoln, son of the great Lincoln. He salutes Mr. Marshall 
Field, a tradesman of Chicago, who has made five hundred 
millions [probably francs — Eds. Argonaut]. 

Then Mr. Rockefeller takes his place at a table near mine. 
I am thus favored by chance, and I am going to see the petro- 
leum* king perishing of hunger in the midst of plenty. He is 
seated with his family at a large round table. With him are 
his wife, a thin, ugly, little woman in a pink gown; his son, 
a young man of twenty-five, clean shaven, with gold-framed 
eye-glasses, and with his pomaded hair straightly parted in 
the middle; his daughter-in-law, with a long nose and a pointed 
chin ; one of his daughters, dark-complexioned, tall, insignifi- 
cant looking, and very dowdily dressed. It seems that he has 
refused to give any of his daughters more than fifteen millions 
when they got married. The last of the party is the family 
doctor, a tall, florid-faced man with short whiskers like rabbit's 

After Mr. Huret's extremely frank details concern- 
ing Mr. Rockefeller's table companions, he secures 
facts concerning his table manners: 

Mr. Rockefeller did not perish of hunger this particular 
evening, for he ate of every dish that was served to him. 
Heaven only knows how he did it, for the cookery was some- 
thing atrocious. When my multi-millionaire had quitted his 
table, I questioned his waiter-girl. It seemed to me that he 
had eaten everything, but I wanted to be sure. The waiter-girl 
said : 

" Yes, he eats everything, 'and he has a mighty big appetite, 
too. He eats like everybody else, but he drinks milk, and he 
eats lots of crackers." 

[" Crackers," explains Mr. Huret, " are a sort of dried 
biscuit, found on all American tables, as well as butter and 

The young woman to whom I was talking was a tall, well- 
shaped, handsome girl, with red cheeks and sparkling eyes. 

" A rich man like that ought to be very generous to a nice 
girl like you," said I. 

She burst out laughing. " He came here from Pasadena," 
she replied, "and the Los Angeles papers said that he left the 
Hotel Green without giving the servants anything at all. He 
hasn't given me anything yet." 

" Would you like to change places with him? " I asked. 

Again the waiter-girl burst out laughing : " No, indeed. 
He hasn't any hair. Still, if he had any hair, I might consider 
it. But no, I wouldn't." 

And such is Rockefeller. A poor waiter-girl in a hotel 
doesn't envy him, and neither do I. 

After dinner, the entire gathering seated themselves in rock- 
ing chairs. I conversed a few minutes with Mr. Frick. He is 
fifty-four years of age, of Swiss origin, arrived here without a 
cent, and to-day is worth about fifty millions of dollars. He 
has eighty-three coal mines, in which eleven thousand miners 
work, without counting two thousand coke furnaces. He 
told me that in a single year he turned out three hundred and 
thirty thousand cars of coke, which, placed end to end. would 
extend from London to Persia. 

Mr. Frick was talking for a little time with Rockefeller, 
while near them were Lincoln and Marshall Field. It was 
quite a quartet of capitalists. Concerning Rockefeller's son, 
Frick said to me that he was "very keen" (Ires fin), looking 
out for future trusts to organize. 

The French writer moralizes on these multi-million- 

What will become of these dynasties in a hundred years? 
Curiously enough, these heroes of future legends excite no 
interest around them. Is it affectation, or is it simply indiffer- 
ence? At this moment Rockefeller is walking around with 
his hands in his pockets, bowing to old ladies, lace-capped, 
and nobody pays any particular attention to him. And I am 
probably the only one who remarks his coarse shoes, his flat 
shirt, his stand-up collar, his white cravat, his dinner-jacket ; 
and when he turns, I see behind his nude head, on each side 
of the occiput, in the shadow of his flaring ears, two enormous 
excrescences whose significance I ask of the phrenologists; 
while awaiting their explanations. I will call them the bumps 
of millions. 

A little dance is being arranged in the social hall. Rocke- 
feller, seated in a window opening, is looking at the dance. 
Still keeping my eye on him, I got a friend of his to talk 
ahout him, and this is what he said : 

" Rockefeller should be worth to-day about seven hundred 
and fifty millions of dollars. The Standard Oil brings him in 
about twenty-five millions a year. He is a man of regular 
habits. He goes to bed at ten o'clock sharp every night. Every 
year, on the third Thursday of May, he leaves New York for 
land, always by the same train. He remains there until 
i iber, returns to New York, goes to Lakewood, and then 
io California by the Southern route. He is very fond 
of golf and all open-air sports. He has a good appetite, eats 
every thing, and drinks milk merely because he likes it. He 
doesn't care much for building, but he buys vast areas of land. 
He is devoted to gardening, and likes laying out lawns, par- 
terres, and beds of flowers*" 

" He is said to be miserly." 

'Miserly? Nonsense. He has given thirty millions to the 
University of Chicago, but he will not give tips to servants, 
because he believes they are wrong. He pays what he owes. 
but will pay no more. He devotes as much thought to the 
expenditure of twenty dollars as to the expenditure of twenty 
millions. He is practically out of business. He is assisted 
by his son, who is a first-class business man." 

At this moment ten o'clock began striking from the big 
clock at the end of the hall. Rockefeller took out his watch, 
verified the time, made a sign to his wife, and started for the 
elevator. Hi- was on his way to bed before the clock stopped 
striking ten. 


Midnight Mass for the Dying Year. 
Yes, the Year is growing old, 

And his eye is pale and bleared!" 
Death, with frosty hand and cold. 
Plucks the old man by the beard. 
Sorely — sorely ! 

The leaves are falling, falling, 

Solemnly and slow ; 
Caw! Caw! the rooks are calling. 

It is a sound of woe, 
A sound of woe ! 

Through woods and mountain-passes 

The winds, like anthems, roll ; 
They are chanting solemn masses. 

Singing, " Pray for this poor soul. 
Pray — pray ! " 

And the hooded clouds, like friars, 

Tell their beads in drops of rain. 
And patter their doleful prayers. 

But their prayers are all in vain, 
All in vain ! 

There he stands in the foul weather. 

The foolish, fond Old Year, 
Crowned with wild flowers and with heather. 

Like weak, despised Lear, 
A king — a king ! 

Then comes the summer-like day, 

Bids the old man rejoice ! 
His joy his last! Oh, the old man gray 

Loveth that ever=soft voice, 
Gentle and low. 

To the crimson woods he saith, 

To the voice gentle and low 
Of the soft air, like a daughter's breath, 
" Pray do not mock me so! 
Do not laugh at me ! " 

And now the sweet day is dead ! 

Cold in his arms it lies ; 
No stain from its breath is spread 

Over the glassy skies, 
No mist or stain ! 

Then, too, the Old Year dieth. 

And the forests utter a moan. 
Like the voice of one who crieth 

In the wilderness alone, 
" Vex not his ghost ! " 

Then comes, with an awful roar. 

Gathering and sounding on. 
The storm-wdnd from Labrador. 

The wind Euroclydon, 
The storm-wind ! 

Howl ! howl ! and from the forest 

Sweep the red leaves away ! 
Would the sins that thou abhorrest, 

O Soul ! could thus decay, 
And be swept away ! 

For there shall come a mightier blast, 

There shall be a darker day ; 
And the stars from heaven down-cast 
Like red leaves be swept away ! 
Kyrie, eleyson ! 
Christe, eleyson ! — Henry W. Longfellow. 

The Death of the Old Year. 
Full knee-deep lies the winter snow, 

And the winter winds are wearily sighing ; 
Toll ye the church-bell sad and slow, 
And tread softly and speak low, 
For the Old Y'ear lies a-dying. 
Old Year, you must not die ; 
You came to us so readily, 
You lived with us so steadily. 
Old Year, you shall not die. 

He lieth still ; he doth not move ; 

He will not see the dawn of day. 
He hath no other life above. 
He gave me a friend and a true true-love, 
And the New Y'ear will take 'em away. 
Old Year, you must not go ; 

So long as you have been with us. 
Such joy as you have seen with us, 
Old Year, you shall not go. 

He frothed his bumpers to the brim : 

A jollier year we shall not see. 
But though his eyes are waxing dim, 
And though his foes speak ill of him. 
He was a friend to me. 

Old Year, you shall not die ; 

We did so laugh and cry with you. 
I have a mind to die with you. 
Old Year, if you must die. 

He was full of joke and jest. 

But all his merry quips are o'er. 
To see him die, across the waste 
His son and heir doth ride post-haste. 
But he'll be dead before. 
Every one for his own. 

The night is starry and cold, my friend. 
And the New Year, blithe and bold, my friend. 
Comes up to take his own. 

How hard he breathes ! over the snow 
1 heard just now the crowing cock. 
The shadows flicker to and fro ; 
The cricket chirps ; the light burns low ; 
*Tis nearly twelve o'clock. 
Shake hands before you die. 

Old Year, we'll dearly rue for you ; 
What is it we can do for you ? 
Speak out before you die. 

His face is growing sharp and thin. 

Alack ! our friend is gone. 
Close up his eyes ; tie up his chin : 
Step from the corpse and let him in 
That standeth there alone, 
And waiteth at the door. 

There's a new foot on the floor, my friend, 
And a new face at the door, my friend, 
A new face at the door. — Alfred Tennyson. 


January 4, 1904. 



Her Appearance in San Francisco Twenty Years Ago — How the 

Town 'Went Wild— Her Musical Rival— Not a Dramatic 

Singer — Her Amusing Stage Death. 

Adelina Patti's return to this Coast will be a few 
months short of twenty years since her first visit here. 
It was in March. '84. that Colonel Mapleson brought 
out Mmes. Patti and Gerster to San Francisco, and 
made one of the record trips of his life. 

Up to that time, none of the world-famous divas had 
been heard here, although Italian opera, as rendered by 
itinerant Mexican troupes, had always been extremely 
popular. A few months prior to Patti's appearance on 
this Coast, Emma Abbott had had a very successful 
season of opera in San Francisco, and had been cor- 
dially accepted as a singer of standing by a public that 
had heard none of the great divas, and had, therefore, 
no established standards. 

Then came Patti, the fame of whose phenomenal 
voice, piquant Italian beauty, intolerable caprices. Nico- 
lini love-affair, gorgeous jewels and gowns, and rejected 
rank, was as far reaching as Occidental civilization : 
and the town promptly went mad. All who could raise 
the wherewithal rushed to see and hear the musical 
phenomenon of the century. Even that seasoned vet- 
eran. Colonel Mapleson. was amazed at the eagerness 
with which people rained dollars for the privilege of 
hearing and seeing the diva. It was estimated that, with 
the inflation of prices caused by speculators in opera 
tickets, the people paid sixty thousand dollars to get in 
on the opening night. An incident that happened in 
the Grand Opera House on one of the Patti nights, will 
give some idea of the popular determination to hear 
' Patti at all hazards. A woman who had endured the 
long wait in the line, extending around the Mission 
Street corner and along Third to Market, entered the 
dress circle on an admission ticket, and established her- 
self on one of the aisle steps. 

A policeman approached and. after trying persuasion. 
took an imperative tone in his attempts to dislodge her. 
. On the woman's refusing to budge, the policeman said, 
" Then, madame, it is my duty to remove you." 

" If vou lav a finger upon me." replied his fair inter- 
locutor. " I will scream fire ! " 

The policeman turned his gaze upon the huge, waiting 
house, upon the packed galleries and the well-dressed 
mob below, and silently and thoughtfully withdrew. 

During this season, Patti realized the prevailing ex- 
citement, and while she did not sing her best at the 
earlier performances, she rose to the occasion in the 
matter of dress, and wore as many of her famous jewels 
as she could conveniently carry at one time. 

The opera chosen was "Traviata." and during the 
first act and later in the ball scene. Patti was a moving 
mass of diamonds: she wore mammoth solitaires, a 
'girdle, a sparkling fan-chain, massive bracelets, glitter- 
ing ornaments in the hair, shoulder-clasps, and the 
famous necklace, with its riviere of huge sparklers. 
Thus bedecked, she w-as one gorgeous blaze of splendor. 
' and fullv satisfied her audience from a spectacular point 
of view. But, strange to say. people in the mass out here 
did not then know a great voice when they heard it. 
Many, not realizing the limitations of the human voice, 
expected impossibilities. They failed to realize that 
the great range, wonderful flexibility, and faultless tone 
production constituted the marvels of Patti's voice, the 
power of which has been excelled by vocalists of less 

Furthermore. Patti's lack of histrionic abilitv was as 
a cold douche to the enthusiasts, who expected a great 
vocalist to match her fame by the depiction of great 
passion. This Patti could not do. She is essentially 
the butterfly by temperament, histrionically, at least — 
her shrewdness in financial affairs scarcely according 
with the usual acceptation of the butterfly nature. 

Mme. Etelka Gerster, her sister prima donna in the 
troupe during this eventful season, was not only lyric- 
ally, but dramatically, an artist of potent charm. Al- 
though unable to match the more famous singer in 
beauty, she charmed those more exacting ones who 
were.' through the limitations of Patti's temperament, 
left unmoved by her surpassing art. Hence arose a 
rivalry between the two singers, which was warmed to 
white heat by San Francisco partisans, who took up the 
cudgels and did battle for their favorites. The city 
resolved itself into two camps, and people went to ex- 
tremes in their advocacy, both sides saying foolish 
things that they stuck to afterward through thick and 
thin. To this day, scars of the battle are left, and one 
occasionally hears the old cry renewed. Patti and 
Gerster developed into active foes, and never toured 
together again. Patti, indeed, declaring that Gerster's 
voice had the evil eye. 

Viewing the conflict in the light of after years, the 
Patti-ites may be declared to have had decidedly the 
best of it. since Patti retained her voice long past her 
prime, and in her sixty-first year is still deemed worthy 
the financial attention of a shrewd impresario. Mme. 
Gerster. on the other hand, lost her voice one year sub- 
sequent to her appearance here. At the age of thirty. 
her career was over. She failed, however, to find do- 
mestic peace in her retirement, the bursts of temper to 
which she was subject ending in madness, and finally 
death. Yet, during her brief career. Etelka Gerster 
swayed the souls of men. while Patti only reached the 
ear. Patti could bewitch one kind, but not all kinds of 

listeners. There were those who declared that her por- 
trayal of Annetta, in " Crispino e Comare," contained 
incomparable w f itchery, brilliancy, and charm. To 
others it semed merely the faded coquetry of maturity. 
They pronounced the kittenish wiles to be overdone and 
unalluring, and enjoyed her matchless singing coldly, 
missing some saving grace that might have enabled it 
to find its way to the heart. 

Patti, on a later tour, revived " Semiramide." Scalchi 
was the contralto of the troupe, and those who heard 
the opera will never forget the blending of those two 
wonderful voices in the famous duet. On the other 
hand, there was sardonic amusement expressed at 
Patti's acting, especially at the moment when Semi- 
ramis falls in the death agony from the blow inflicted by 
Arsace. her son. Patti. the luxurious, who hated heroics 
and loved her ease, had for this scene a rug and 
cushions provided, to which she slipped down deliber- 
ately and comfortably in sections, ignoring the necessity 
of a dramatic fall. 

Perhaps one of her finest moments, dramatically 
speaking, was in the final act of " Faust." It has been 
said, indeed, that it was during a season of " Faust," 
in Paris, that Nicolini broke up the conjugal peace of 
the Marquis de Caux. and that the suspicions of Paris- 
ians were first excited by observing that Patti really 
acted during the love scenes in the garden. However 
that may be, her first real appearance in the opera 
before a San Francisco audience failed to impress many 
of her most fastidious hearers, who thought that a 
fussy, fluttered Marguerite, with the backward glance 
of a coquette, gave little evidence of the mood of the 
dreaming girl when she first met the gallant against 
whose supernatural power her maiden purity was 

Yet. in the final act. when Marguerite's voice soars 
higher and higher, leaping from key to key as a strug- 
gling soul pluming its w-ings for flight, there was, or 
seemed to be, an exaltation in those glorious notes that 
one looked for oft and vainly at other times. 

Perhaps Patti's dramatic weakness lay in the fact 
that she could not forget herself. When, one night, 
during one of the San Francisco seasons, a crazy crank, 
in a malevolent attempt to blow- up the theatre, set off 
a loudly explosive bomb, scattering sparks and frighten- 
ing the house to its feet, Patti, in the dress of the mad 
Lucia, tip-toed out from the wings laughing and un- 
afraid, and shaking her finger reprovingly at those in- 
discreet admirers who, she thought, had let off their 
ebullient enthusiasm with the aid of gunpowder. 

Patti charmed all who met her socially. She had the 
gift of seeming to favor particularly each one she 
talked with, and was a dangerous person for the news- 
paper scribe to meet. Henceforth he was her knight. 
As for men about town, who met her at dinners, they 
ranged themselves under her banner at once and for- 

In 1895. after some years of retirement from the 
operatic stage. Patti returned to Covent Garden, and 
showed that her voice, though it had gone off consid- 
erably, was still wonderfully well preserved. It was 
at that time it was examined bv the great throat special- 
ist. Sir Morell Mackenzie, who pronounced it to be the 
most wonderful throat he ever saw. and the only one 
in which the vocal chords were in perfect condition 
after many years' use. The eminent specialist thought 
then that there was no reason why they should not 
remain so for ten or twenty years to come. 

A " Perpetual Mayor." 

An interesting personage is Mayor Ashley, of New 
Bedford. Mass.. who has just been elected mayor of 
that municipality for the tenth time. He is called 
the " perpetual mayor." His party is called the Ashley 
party. and the opposition is so small or so thoroughly 
disorganized that it amounts to nothing. The mayor 
is a problem. He is not a reformer, yet he manages to 
hold the city and its vote in the hollow of his hand year 
after year. He has created the park system, built the 
sewers, has fought the corporations, has forced them 
to pay for their privileges, compelled the trolley com- 
pany to grant three-cent fares to workingmen at certain 
times of the day, and he is for license, the saloon, and a 
wide-open town. License or no license is the great 
issue in Massachusetts under local option, and each 
year when the vote is taken the liquor sellers quake. 
The critics of the mayor say that his administration has 
the saloons " where he wants them." and there is hint 
of license fees not recognized by the statutes. The 
mayor spends his $3,000 salary in gifts for the poor, 
and many people admire the good management of a 
man with practically no private fortune who can live 
at the rate of S10.000 a vear. 

It is reported from New York that contracts will 
soon be let for the erection on lower Broadway of the 
tallest building on earth. It will have five stories be- 
low the street, forty stories from the entrance to the 
top floor, will be surmounted by a sixty-foot tower, and 
will have a total height of six hundred and fifteen feet. 
Henry C. Frick and Bird S. Coler are the prime movers 
in the enterprise. The building is estimated to cost, 
when ready for occupancy, $4,500,000, while the site 
will cost $5,000,000. The structure will be called the 
" Broadway-Cortland." It is expected that it will be 
completed November, 1904. The foundations will rest 
on the bedrock, eighty feet below the surface of the 


Algernon Charles Swinburne, the poet, has com- 
pletely recovered from his recent illness, his excellent 
constitution and healthy habit of open-air exercise 
(especially swimming, at which, like Byron, he excels) 
having stood him in good stead. 

Professor George W. Hough, of Northwestern 
University, has been notified of his election as associ- 
ate member of the Royal Astronomical Society of 
London. Professor Hough is regarded as the greatest 
living authority on the planet Jupiter, and has dis- 
covered more than six hundred double stars. 

Joseph Chamberlain, the British " man of the hour." 
presents sharp contrasts to the average type of British 
politician. In this he is like Disraeli. In a land of 
" flanneled fools at the wickets.'' Mr. Chamberlain 
never takes exercise. In a land of hereditary wealth 
and power, he derives neither from his family. Glad- 
stone and other statesmen were famous scholars. 
Chamberlain was a poor student in the dead languages. 
Chamberlain is perhaps thought of by those who have 
not seen him as a middle-aged man. He is in his seven- 
tieth year. 

William Cogswell, the noted California portrait 
painter, died at Pasadena on Thursday. Decemher 24th. 
aged eighty-four years. Mr. Cogswell was one of the 
pioneers, coming to California in 1849. He was the 
founder, nearly twenty-eight years ago. of the Sierra 
Madre Villa, and has painted- the portraits of many 
notable people. His painting of President Lincoln 
hangs in the Green Room of the White House at the 
present time, and his portrait of General Grant and his 
family was formerly an object of interest in the execu- 
tive mansion. His portraits of Ltncmln and McKinley 
hang in the State Capitol at Sacramento. 

For the present there is no prospect of the ranks of 
the English bar being invaded by women. The way to 
a counsel's seat in the law courts has been closed by the 
lord chancellor against Miss Bertha Cave, an enter- 
prising lady, who desires to become a practicing barris- 
ter. Miss Cave appealed against the decision of the 
benchers of Gray's Inn. who declined to allow her to 
iom the society for the purpose of beinsr called to the 
bar. to the court consisting of the lord chancellor, the 
lord chief justice, and Justices Kekewitch. Wright. 
Walton. Farwell. and Joyce. But the judges held 
that there was no precedent in Miss Cave's favor, and 
refused to reverse the decision of the benchers. 

According to London Truth, Victor Emmanuel the 
Third, of Italv. is probablv one of the least kingly of 
European monarchs bv temperament and disposition, 
hut he is more clever than most of them, and makes a 
better monarch than a good many of his brother-sover- 
eiens. Tn person he is homely, in manners he is some- 
what awkward, and in companv he is shv. He detests 
the drearv tomfooleries of a court. He is exceedinglv 
well read, and interests himself in both science and 
literature, but he has not the royal <rift of savin? a 
few happv words to those with whom he converses. He 
loves his wife. She is his constant comoanion. and the 
smiles and blandishments of other women have no influ- 
ence over him. His court is the most democratic in 

Ausrtiste Rodin — about whose works in marble and 
bronze one of the ereat artistic controversies of the 
last centurv rased — has been elected to the oresidencv 
of the International Societv of Sculptors. Painters, and 
Gravers, filling the place left vacant by the death of 
Whistler. M. Rodin has in his time shared the fate of 
all great innovators. He has in turn been reiected bv 
the juries of the great annual exhibitions, derided, 
lauphed at. and declared a madman. Unlike Mr. 
Whistler, he did not fight his battle with his Den. but 
st^adUv continued to pursue the aim he had set him- 
self from the first. To-dav he is one of the few mod- 
ern artists to whom the title of "master" has been 
oiven during their lifetime. One enthusiastic nartisan 
exclaims: "As there are three names preeminent <"n 
etching — Rembrandt. Meryon. and Whistler — so there 
are three sculptors whose names mark epochs in the 
historv or art — Phidias. Michael Angelo. and Rodin." 

" Will the gentleman please be seated in the aisle." 
thundered Speaker Cannon, the other dav. as he was 
Irving to restore the House of Representatives to order. 
His predecessors have usually requested srentlemen in 
the aisles to take their seats, hut Mr. Cannon, in his 
more emphatic manner, unwittingly commanded them 
to drop to the floor where they were. Not since 
Thomas B. Reed's first appearance as Speaker has the 
House had in that office a man of such vigorous indi- 
vidualitv as Mr. Cannon. Other Speakers of the 
House have regularlv used somewhat stilted phrases 
'n their requests for order, such as " Cease conversa- 
tion " and " Retire to the cloakroom." when thev have 
really meant in the vernacular. "Keep quiet* Mr. 
Cannon is restoring the idiom as fast as possible Un- 
like his predecessors, he does not bow profoundlv 10 
the secretarv of the Senate when that functionary 
comes into the House to make announcement of the 
Senate's action. The storv is told that, when the new 
Speaker's coachers informed him that he must make a 
great bow, he answered that be did not be 
United States Senate, and he would not - 


January 4, 1904. 


How the Witch of La Balme Was Avenged. 

Toward the close of day the snow ceased falling, 
the wind suddenly veered into the north, and its gusts 
cut like blows from a switch. Night fell ; the silver 
light of the winter moon flooded the sky. lit up the 
ermine helmets of the Yahre and of Baffignac. and was 
reflected from the ice-covered rocks of the gorge which 
overhung the raging Agout. 

Just as the door of a wayside inn opened with a 
great rattling of chains, and the landlady stepped out 
on the threshold, a horseman rode around a turn in the 
road, and stopped in front of the door of the village 
inn. his horse snorting with terror. The woman hastily 
summoned a servant, while the traveler, dismounting, 
exclaimed. brusquely: "Hallo! Here's Toue-en- 
Flcur ! 'Wine and a fire, my good woman ! Tell your 
liny tn give my horse a bountiful supper, and to see 
whether he is not wounded in the flank." 

"Holy Mother!" cried Thiebaude: "what a plight 
you are in. seigneur! Your corselet and sleeves and 
even the knot on your sword-hilt, are dyed with blood 
and dirt !" 

" May Astaroth choke every beast of them !" shouted 
Amalric. " They have ruined my best doublet. I look- 
mure horrible than the Yabre butcher !" 

Angry and crestfallen, the rcistcr laid his heavy gun 
on the table, and sat down before the roaring fire — a 
genuine Christmas blaze. Half a dozen carousers, sit- 
ting at one end of the room, resumed their interrupted 
fame of cards. whispering timidly to each other, as if 
tbev stood in awe of the new-comer. When his steam- 
ing drink was set before him. Amalric related his ad- 
ventures to the hostess. 

" It is a hright night, to be sure, on account of the 
moon. But what a road, ventre lie lezarii — chasms, 
torrents. nrecinices. snowdrifts, and. in the ravines, 
nil the wolves in Cevennes. fiercer and stubborner than 
the Calvinists! After T left Yabre. tbev contented 
themselves with following me. watching for a misstep 
of my horse. Xear Therondel. I had to slacken mv 
speed a little, as it would have been suicide to travel 
fast. Then a famished creature leaped on Argant's 
back and I had trouble in getting him oft: I had to use 
mv daeger. And look at the tourteaux on mv doublet ! 
\t a distance, one would take me for Guillaume de 
Montnelber's herald !" 

Some of the plavers. leaving their same, bad drawn 
near the fireside. One of them even ventured to raise 
bis voice and question the formidable reister. 

" Monseigneur. do vnu think it would be unsafe to go 
to \lliignier to-night?" 

" You would certainly never reach the end of your 
iournev. whether you traveled on foot or on horseback. 
Slav here, if vou value vour rustic hides: Joue-en- 
Fleur can sav your midnight mass for vou." 

" Tsn't vour lordship going to order a batluc soon 
for the famished beasts?" 

"The first one will be called before the Epiphanv: 
all the wolf-hunters of the neighborhood will then be 

" But if monseigneur would condescend to put him- 
self at the head of our rabatteurs to-morrow " 

"Silence, knave! T hunt with you? See those 
cowardly faces. Toue-en-Fleur !" exclaimed Amalric. 
with insulting contempt. "Is there a man here who 
could pass the Red Gibbet at night without dying with 

A thrill of terror passed over the audience: heads 
dropped: no one replied. 

" The Red Gibbet !" exclaimed the hostess, crossing 

herself; " but it is " 

"Occupied) T know that very well! It was about 
a week ago — wasn't it ?— that we bung the old witch 
of La Balme, that old bag who practiced withcraft 
and howled every one's fortune at him." 

"L'Armassiere?" queried Joue-en-Fleur. crossing 
herself again, and glancing furtively toward the door, 
which had just opened and closed noiselessly. 

" Exactly! At this season she will keep for a long 
time, and will serve as a scarecrow on the Ferrieres 
r...-,d. Yesterday Argant shied and nearly threw me 
into the Agout under the old hag's hooked nose." 

"Seigneur Captain," a trembling voice was now- 
heard to say. " I dare go to the Red Gibbet !" 

The reister started in surprise, and turned fiercely 
upon the speaker: he was a youth, almost a child. 
whose large, dark eves -hone out from his pale face 
with .111 expression of perfeel fearlessness. "Here's a 
whelp of a dangerous sort !" cried the captain. " Does 
In- come here often, Mistress Thiebaude?" 

" No. monseigneur." 

"Who is his master? Does any one here know 
him ?" 

" We took him in to-night for the first time,'' stam- 
mered Thiebaude. under the compelling influence of the 
boy's magnetic glance, " We never saw hire before." 

here, my bold fellow. Where do you come 

from ?" 

" From the forest of Montagnole." 

Ill eforc that?" 
' l r r-;r the caves of Angles." 

lid you gel th hang-dog look? Have you 
ling on our lands?" 
10 other trade, captain." 

At this unexpected reply, so quietly made, a stupor 
fell upon all in the room: Amalric himself was dis- 
armed by the boy's audacity. 

" Ventre-Mahon!" he growled, half laughing and half 
angry; "you shall enter my service. My war page 
let himself get hung at La Salvetat. Do you want his 
place? But, braggart, are you truly willing to go to 
the Red Gibbet to-night?" 
" I am." 
" Alone?" 
" Alone." 

" How shall I know it?" 

" I will wait for your there, since you are to pass 
that way in an hour." 

" The wolves will leave nothing of you except your 

" You might lend me your gun." 
" So you know how to handle that plaything, do you? 
Let me see you load it, you rascal." 

The boy smiled, confidently; he grasped the heavy- 
weapon with the dexterity of an old soldier: to the 
officer's surprise he unloaded it, then reloaded it, al! 
the manoeuvres being so manifestly familiar to him 
that Amalric could not help showing his admiration. 

" If you can shoot the gun as well as you load it." he 
cried. " it would not be pleasant to be your target ! At 
forty paces you must be able to blow^ the kernel out of a 
nut. or the brains out of a trespasser." 
" Easily, monseigneur." 

" And at the first shot you could bring down the most 
nimble game, I'll wager." 

" Dozens of your hares could bear witness to that, 
monseigneur," replied the young poacher, strangely 
bent on a provocation as bold as it was uncalled for. 
This was the master-stroke. The drinkers exchanged 
glances of consternation and terror at the furious ex- 
pression on the face of the Seigneur de Yabre. 

"Viper!" he shouted: "you shall join the old woman 
on the Red Gibbet, with a cravat of hemp, just like 
hers !" He rose as he spoke, and stood threateningly 
over the boy, wdto made no effort to avoid the soldier's 
raised fist. Amalric paused in astonishment at this de- 
fiance. " Why do you confess all this to me. you rob- 
ber?" he asked at length, inwardly pleased at such a 
display of courage. "I like brave hearts; you suit me 
perfectlv. Here's the gun; w r ait for me out there. If 
the wolves press you too hard, climb up on the arm of 
the gallows : the old witch will keep vou company. 
I'll warrant she'll not be talkative, but if her presence 
annoys you. send her into the Agout with a kick !" 

The boy became livid: his lips trembled and his eyes 
fairly blazed. He grasped the gun offered him. and 
without a word went out into the clear, frosty night. 

" By Hercules !" cried Amalric : " there's a man for 
vou. you cow ards ! That's what I call having a heart 
; n one's breast and blood in one's veins." 

One of the peasants now ventured to offer a reply, 
which somewhat disturbed the adventurous cavalier. 
" To be sure, monseigneur ! But there's a Spanish 
musket, too. which you will probablv never see on your 
rack again." 

" What do you mean? Do you think that that young- 
rascal " 

" It was a clever way for him to get firearms. At 
any rate, the gun is in skillful hands, as your wild 
boars will know to their cost." 

Amalric. half credulous, now- swore like a pagan. 
Rut where could he go to search for the robber? He 
drank his hot wine, and no one dared risk exasperating 
him further. When he was well warmed, he wrapped 
his cloak about him, leaped into his saddle, and rode 
away- in the moonlight. Reassured by his departure, 
the other guests resumed their carousal, while 
Thiebaude anxiously listened for sounds outside. 

Amlaric rode along at a brisk pace over the snow 
alreadv hardened by the intense cold. The moon shone 
brightly in the pale sky. The roaring and rushing 
Agout flowed rapidly along. The continuous, mournful 
howling of wolves, repeated by the echoes of the moun- 
tain, sounded like a lament over the buried landscape. 
The horse, not yet recovered from the fright received 
from the Therondel wolf, shied at every isolated bush 
and every dark turn in the road. Guided by a hand of 
iron, he fairly flew along the dangerous precipices. 

Being unarmed. Amalric anxiously scanned the dark 
hedges among which the road wound about on the 

To reassure himself, he whistled the air of an old 
Venetian march, not without many false notes, how- 
ever. His horse, growing more and more excited, 
would certainly have broken the neck of the musician. 
if the latter had persisted in his efforts. 

To repress the impatience which devoured him. the 
captain next evoked the images of the two women he 
was soon to meet: one. a beautiful blonde of the Flem- 
ish type: the other, a charming brunette. With these 
two noble dames he was to take communion at the 
chapel this Christmas Eve. and afterward feast at the 
board of the wealthy Azais de Ferrieres, the greatest 
baron in the country. With soldierly stupidity he re- 
peated to himself the gallant remarks which he intended 
to address to these beauties; he had learned them for 
the purpose from the Seneschal de lustres, who made 
pretensions to being a wit. and who was much better 
equipped with platitudes than with ideas. 

In spite of his application, Amalric could with diffi- 
culty keep before him the vision of the two profiles. 
In their place all his misdeeds — hangings without trial, 

rapine, and violence — rose before him like so manv 
ghosts. The gibbets which dotted the highways foV 
leagues around bore witness to his summary way of 
dealing with offenders. 

But. recently, the sorceress of La Balme had pre- 
dicted that he would himself hang on the last gibbet 
he had set up on the Ferrieres road, and he had sum- 
marily hung her to the tree, without any fear of her 
supernatural prowess. 

He certainly would not die by hanging: he, the 
brave soldier, whose glance alone terrorized the moun- 
taineers of the region. But he was. not so sure that, 
some fine winter's night, during one of his frequent 
expeditions, always for a wicked purpose, an ambuscade 
of outraged peasants would not leave his lifeless body 
by the wayside. And what a sinister night the present 
one was, to be sure: how thoughtlessly he had allowed 
himself to be disarmed by a poacher, a mere child at 
that ! A thrill of fear passed over him. As he rode 
around a turn in the road, the Red Gibbet loomed up 
before him. 

An exclamation escaped the reister's lips as he 
recognized the vagabond of Luzieres perched on the 
ghostly tree, the moonlight reflecting from the shining 
metal of the gun he held in his hands. He had not 
for a moment believed that the boy would keep his 
word: the surprise he felt was mingled with joy at the 
thought of not being alone in the icy waste. 

" So you are here !" he exclaimed. " A brute of a 
peasant back there took you for a thief: you might 
shoot him for practice at big game. It is settled then. 
You are to be my page and the chief arquebnsier of my 
company. Has my musket been of use to you in 
keeping off the wolves?" 

" Xot yet. monseigneur." replied the boy. trembling 
with cold, doubtless. 

" Were there no animals on the road?" 
" There were many, monseigneur. with eyes like 
blazing furnaces. They followed me up. without daring 
to touch me; I walked along singing at the top of 
my voice, beating the measure with the click of the 

" An excellent way of keeping the cowards at bay ; 
a shot would have been better, however." 
" I saved that for something better." 

" You shall soon see, monseigneur." 
" You must be cold up there on your perch : you 
should have warmed yourself up by giving the brutes 
a taste of saltpetre and lead." 

The boy clambered down, and walked slowly toward 
the captain. " I could not hit the wolf I wanted to kill." 
"Which one was it?" questioned Amalric. looking 
about as if expecting to see glaring eyes. 
" A large one that I don't want to miss." 
A gust of wind cut the captain's face so sharply that 
he swore a great oath, and exclaimed: "Jump on be- 
hind and we will go. I will take you with me to 
Ferrieres. since you are henceforth to be in my ser- 
vice: if I leave vou here, nothing will be left of you 
by to-morrow. If the old wolf you have in mind comes 
near us, I give you permission to kill him at once." 

" Let him die then !" exclaimed the boy. taking stid-' 
den aim at the captain. A sharp report broke the 
silence of the night. The reister, struck in the heart, 
fell heavily in the snow. 

The hoy then grasped Argant's bridle and fastened 
it securely to a strong root. With granite firmness, he 
climbed upon the gibbet. Leaning out over the gulf, 
he uncoiled a rope which was wound around his waist, 
and tried to fasten it to the body hanging there, to draw- 
it toward him. As he worked, he murmured: "You 
shall be avenged, grandmother, and vou shall be buried 
in consecrated ground. I told Thiebaude this night 
that you would be avenged before the dawn." 

But even as he spoke, the body of the woman, so 
long exposed to cold and storm, dropped to pieces, and, 
falling from rock to rock, at last disappeared in the 
tumultuous waters of the Agout. 

Just at that moment a bell rang out. not far away : 
its clear music resounded through the still air like a 
praver winging its flight above. Other bronze voices 
replied in the distance, celebrating the Nativity which 
promises to the humble blessings to be realized, and 
to the wicked a chastisement for their iniquities. The 
vagabond, leaning over the gulf, made the sign of re- 
demption; then, descending, he went up to the bodv of 
the soldier, which was already stiff. 

Approaching howls warned him to hasten with his 
task. He dragged the corpse to the gibbet, and. by 
means of a slip knot, drew it up the beam lately occu- 
pied by the other corpse. It swayed to and fro in the 
moonlight in a sort of funereal dance: the gibbet 
creaked and a pack of wolves rushed out from the 
hedges, attracted by the scent of blood. 

Crazed with terror. Argant kicked vigorously at his 
agile foes. One of them had already sprung into the 
saddle, and was about to close his jaws on the charger's 
neck, when, swinging the musket around, the boy broke 
the beast's neck with a terrific blow: then, mounting 
the horse, he gave his life into the keeping of the ter- 
rified animal's instinct. The noble creature sprang 
away like an arrow in the direction of the Luzieres, 
followed by a pack of howling wolves; the captain's 
body swayed in the moonlight, while the silvery bells 
of Ferrieres sent their joyous Christmas peals down 
through the echoing valley. — Translated from the 
French of P. B. Gheusi by H. Tiuitchell. 

January 4. 1904. 



Special Mark of Favor Shown the Roxburghes- 

Brewers and Brewers — The King's 

Special Woman Friend. 

The interest of King Edward's visit, this 
week, to Lord and Lady Iveagh is in no way 
decreased by the fact that among the guests, 
in a large and distinguished house-party to 
meet his majesty, are the Duke and Duchess 
of Roxburghe. It is the first house-party at 
which the now famous young couple have 
appeared. There was some doubt at first 
whether it would do for the Iveaghs to have 
them before the king had entertained them, 
for he has first choice of, and at, everything 
and everybody. But it so happened that his 
own time was so filled up till the end of the 
year that he could not have them, and so, 
when Lord Iveagh (as is the custom) sub- 
mitted the list of guests who, it was proposed, 
should be invited to meet his majesty, the 
king himself inserted the names of the young 
duke and his American bride. 

From an English point of view, this is a 
great honor, and is regarded on the present 
occasion as a mark of special favor. Surely, 
the lines of Miss May Goelet. that was. have 
fallen in pleasant places. However, the duke 
himself has always been one of the king's par- 
ticular favorites, and it was natural that his 
wife should be allowed to share her husband's 
distinction in this respect. Indeed, the whole 
party is made up. with one or two exceptions, 
of the king's own special set of intimates— 
his cronies, in fact, if one may apply such a 
term to " such a lot of swells." 

First of all, there is Mr. Balfour, the prime 
minister. He is not exactly a man after the 
king's heart. He doesn't play bridge. Bu; 
King Edward never loses an opportunity of 
advancing the social prestige of his premier. 

The Earl and Countess of Howe are another 
pair of the king's particular friends, as are 
also the Marquis and Marchioness of Lon- 
donderry and the Earl and Countess of Cado- 
gan, and they are all of the party at Elveden 
Hall. Lord Iveagh's splendid seat near Thet- 
ford. in the County of Norfolk. So also is 
the Countess of Dudley. 

I need not say that the Hon. Mrs. George 
Keppel is one of the guests. Beside being a 
beautiful woman. Mrs. Keppel is bright and 
witty, and it is said that no one can entertain 
and amuse the king as she can. It is well 
known that King Edward is easily bored, and 
by nothing so much as a talker. Of course, 
no one can exactly talk to or before him. 
Conversation with him must consist (appar- 
ently) of answering his questions. However, 
the answer can be made longer than he likes, 
and it is related that, for his many breaches in 
this respect, he has a wholesome dread of 
Senator Chauncey Depew, whose after-dinner 
oratory, in its labored epigram, taints his 
ordinary conversation. But Mrs. Keppel, of 
course, is a woman, and Depew is a man. With 
King Edward, that means a lot. for there is 
a deal of the old-school gallantry in him that 
is fast dying out in Englishmen of the present 
— more's the pity. But she, somehow, never 
tires him. No one can make him laugh so 
often or so genuinely as she. Therefore, it 
is not surprising that no house-party " to meet 
the king " — no function, in fact, which he 
honors by his presence — is considered com- 
plete without her. Mrs. Langtry in her youth 
was much the same with him. I believe it an 
open secret that Queen Alexandra has not 
such an admiration for Mrs. Keppel as the 
king has. 

There are some very old-fashioned, strait- 
laced people in high society — people like the 
Percys, for example, of the Northumberland 
family — who are a bit scandalized at the king's 
going so much to stay with brewers. Awhile 
ago he went for a visit to Lord Burton, the 
head of the Basses, and actually started the 
brewing of a vat of beer. The total abstainers 
were fit to be tied over this. Now, it is Lord 
Iveagh, one of the heads of the Guinnesses, 
with whom he is staying. However, he can't 
start a vat of stout, for the brewery of this 
famous porter is in Dublin, and so the tem- 
perance people are not worrying over it. But 
the Guinnesses are of distinctly higher class 
than the Basses. Although the stupendous 
fortunes of Lord Iveagh and Lord Ardilaun. 
the two heads of the family, have come from 
stout, the Guinnesses have been gentry for 
generations. Before the brewery was made 
into a limited company, the family was con- 
tent to live in Ireland. But Lord Ardilaun got 
his peerage in 1880. and Lord Iveagh in 1891, 
and then the two came over and settled in 
England. It was then that Lord Iveagh pur- 
chased Elveden Hall. It is a magnificent 
house, in a magnificent estate, the house 
having been built in 1870 for the late Mahar- 
jah Duleep Singh who. for many years, was 
one of the close friends of Queen Victoria — 
in fact, one of the " tame rabbits." as the in- 
timate friends of royalty are called. People 
say that. now. a man who plays bridge well, 
and doesn't mind high stakes and losing them 
— other things being equal, of course — is pretty 
sure of inclusion within this charmed circle 
of favor. 

To show what a grand house Elveden must 
be, I will mention the Indian Hall, which has 

recently been completed in it. It is in the 
centre of the house, and is of Carrara marble. 
It consists of a domed chamber, with an apse 
added to it. Twenty-eight large columns carry 
the superstructure, and there are three large 
galleries. It is entered through three ham- 
mered copper doors of quaint pattern, and is 
about eighty feet long by forty wide, being 
forty-five feet high. It has an oaken floor for 
dancing, and the entire construction has oc- 
cupied a hundred and fifty men for between 
four and five years. Its cost has been many 
hundreds of thousands of pounds. And yet 
Elveden is but one of Lord Iveagh's seats. 
When one's doctor orders one to drink stout, 
one can do so with satisfaction in thought 
that it will help the Guinnesses to pay for 
luxuries like this. Cockaigne. 

London, December 12, 1903. 

Rabelais and Boccaccio in Boston. 

Three of the leading booksellers of Boston 
were last week found guilty in the municipal 
court of having sold or having had in their 
possession obscene literature, on complaints 
made by the Watch and Ward Society. A fine 
of one hundred dollars was imposed in each 
case, the defendants being Walter H. Knight, 
Richard Lichtenstein, and William L. Palmer. 
George A. Moore, treasurer of the historic 
Old Corner Bookstore, who was arrested with 
the others, was discharged on the ground that 
the books seized by the Watch and Ward 
agents belonged to the Old Corner Bookstore 
Corporation, and not to one of its officers. 
The books involved in the case, the defense 
contended, are classic, and are to be found in 
public and in many private libraries. The 
case will be carried to higher courts. 

In passing upon the case. Judge Wentworth 
said that the defendants had made no denial 
of having sold the books objected to ; and the 
only question, therefore, upon which he was 
called to pass was whether or not certain pas- 
sages in the books complained of by the 
Watch and Ward Society were as objection- 
able as alleged. One of the books, he said, 
had already been passed upon by Chief Justice 
Field, who had said that some of its pages 
made objectionable reading. He thought that 
the government had made out its case, adding 
that in reference to the selling of such books 
as were complained of the statute does not 
give much leeway : and the penalty is a maxi- 
mum fine of $1,000 or a minimum fine of $100. 
He would, therefore, impose the latter fine. 
The books concerned were the " Decameron," 
by Boccaccio; the " Heptameron." by Marga- 
ret of Navarre: and the works of Francois 

Local Holiday Numbers. 

The holiday numbers of the local dailies 
and weeklies are out. and pressmen, printers, 
and engravers are taking a rest. For weeks 
before Christmas, printing presses whirred 
night and day, and photo-engravers nearly lost 
their wits in keeping up with the work that 
was thrust upon them. The result justifies 
the rush and hurry. The holiday annuals com- 
bine color, fiction, illustration, and statistics 
that cover nearly every phase of California 
life, and form a good index to our progress. 

Even with their swift presses and necessarily 
hurried work, the dailies made a creditable 
showing. The Examiner's Christmas number 
contained many reproductions of famous relig- 
ious paintings, printed as well as could be ex- 
pected on the grade of paper used by a daily, 
and they were supplemented by a volume of 
reading matter that, in its variety, let no 
reader lack something of interest. The Call 
makes a specialty of well-printed half-tone 
cuts, and in its offering to its holiday readers 
it rather surpassed itself. Using a better grade 
of paper in its supplement than the other 
dailies do, it is able to give its pictures some- 
thing like their full value. The Call has 
adopted the policy lately of publishing many 
short stories in its supplements, and the selec- 
tion for the year's big number was very good. 

The Chronicle's big issue is the one that 
comes out on New Year's Day. It is es- 
sentially a California number, being devoted 
largely to the industries and progress of the 
State. The one this year, it is announced, will 
be a perfect encyclopaedia of information, con- 
taining statistical and other matter relating 
to every California product. One notable 
feature is a symposium, participated in by 
well-known people, as to what population the 
State could sustain. The illustrations form 
a pleasing addition to the text, which, by the 
way. is not all statistical. Fiction and other 
lighter matter also have place in this excellent 

The local weeklies, while smaller than the 
dailies, make more pretensions to a highly 
finished product. They are all printed on 
heavy-coated paper, and colors are employed 
freely and with good taste. It is hard to say 
whether the News Letter or Town Talk has 
the better cover, while the Wasp leads in the 
variety and number of its reproductions from 
photographs that illustrate the most interest- 
ing phases of life in California. On the other 
hand, the News Letter, while its illustrations 
are fewer in number, has obtained far better 
results in the printing of them ; and Town 
Talk has rather spread itself on verse, having 
many contributions, well worth reading, from 
local writers. It has several stories, too, and 

many good illustrations, while its regular de- 
partments are more extended than usual. The 
News Letter has somewhat retrenched in this 
line, making up in stories, verse, and descrip- 
tive articles. The Wasp runs largely to de- 
scriptions, printing one long story. 

The Mark Hopkins Institute Review of Art. 
published by the San Francisco Art Asso- 
ciation, comes out with a special Christmas 
number, interesting as to reading matter, and 
beautiful as to illustrations. The recent pho- 
tographic salon is reviewed, and there is an 
article on the art side of the St. Louis Ex- 
position, with special reference to the work 
done for it by Douglas Tilden. the sculptor. 
L. Maynard Dixon contributes a number of 
his vivid frontier sketches. Several paint- 
ings are beautifully reproduced. 

Los Angeles is not behind in this matter of 
holiday issues. The Express published an 
eighty-page annual, in which the advantages 
of Southern California are set forth attrac- 
tively, both in articles and illustrations. It 
is broadly representative of Southern Cali- 
fornia, and is a complete index to the charms 
of the Southland. 

In Oakland, the Tribune won honors, with 
a number containing many notable photo- 
graphic reproductions in a special supplement, 
printed on high-grade paper. A full-page map 
of Oakland. Alameda. Berkeley, and Point 
Richmond, showing the recent changes and 
developments, was a striking feature. 

Some of the country papers also made 
Christmas the occasion of special editions. 
The Pleasanton Times came out with pages 
of pictures, illustrative of the best features of 
the town, and the Haywards Rei-iew published 
a handsome edition, on book paper, with a 
colored cover, and filled with matter and pic- 
tures that set forth the attractiveness of Hay- 

Some of the President's Characteristics. 

The President, says a writer in the New 
York World, takes more physical exercise than 
any other man in Washington. His favorite 
enjoyment is to go horseback-riding and to 
get somebody to go with him. If the friend 
can't ride very well, the President is fond of 
dropping back a bit. and then riding up at 
a hard gallop and shouting a cowboy 
" Whoopee ! " at the top of his voice. He 
does this to Senator Lodge very often, and 
Lodge hangs grimly to the pommel of the 
saddle while the President laughs. 

The President is very sensitive to newspaper 
criticism. He lectures reporters severely when 
they print anything he does not like. He 
thinks nothing should be printed in adminis- 
tration papers that is in any way incompatible 
with his dignity, whether the story" is true or 
not. He has had two reporters removed from 
their assignments within the last two years 
for printing things he did not like. He wrote 
personal letters to the editors about these re- 
porters, too. and both of them had printed true 
stories. Similarly the President is fond of 
praise. He likes to read nice sentiments about 
himself in the newspapers. He is not so great 
a newspaper reader as President McKinley 
was. but he patronizes the press-clipping bu- 
reaus, and pores over the clippings every day. 
President Roosevelt is generous with his con- 
fidences. He will tell his friends anything, 
and then bind them not to reveal what he has 
said. This makes it inconvenient sometimes 
for newspaper men who go to see him. for the 
President tells the same thing to everybody, 
and often the story gets out when the man to 
whom it was told originally must hold it in 
confidence or break his word. 

The President gets angry easily. He says 
harsh things to those who run afoul of him. 
When he gets excited he can use triangular 
words with anybody. When he isn't excited 
his favorite words of emphasis are " By God- 
frey ! " and " By Jove^ " The President is a 
very hearty eater. His appetite is prodigious. 
He likes a bottle of white wine with his din- 
ner. He drinks very' little besides that. The 
President says he is " de-Iight-ed " fifty times 
a day. He is " de-light-ed " to see you, " de- 
light-ed " to hear you are well, and " de- 
ight-ed " everything else. 

Mr. Roosevelt always starts his speeches 
the same way. He says " Ladies and gentle- 
men," and "you, Sons of Veterans," or " you " 
something else, or " you " thus and so. He 
likes to pick out a man in his audience and 
talk to him. He did this at Syracuse when he 
opened the State Fair, picking out a Grand 
Army man, and addressing him exclusively 
for five minutes, much to the embarrassment 
of the Grand Army man. Mr. Roosevelt is 
not an attractive public speaker. He gener- 
ally reads bis speeches from printed slips, and 
keeps close to the text. He writes and dictates 
fluently, and has an especial fondness for the 
word " very," which is sprinkled through his 
public addresses and documents and his pri- 
vate correspondence. 

The President's enthusiasms are violent, hut 
not long-lived. He always wants to do every- 
thing himself. He takes a hand in all ar- 
rangements, and gives orders about the most 
trivial affairs. He formerly had no compunc- 
tion about saying things about his enemies. 
Now he thinks it is as well to say nothing, if 
nothing good can be said. His actions in the 
last two years have been mainly directed by 
the chart of 1904. He is sharp and stern with 

his subordinates, dictatorial and severe. He 
sometimes makes a joke, but really has a poor 
sense of humor. His jokes are generally sad. 
Witness the famous Secretary Shaw joke, 
when he told Shaw, during the coal-strike 
settlement, he would send him " back to de 
mines (Des Moines)." Shaw comes from 
Iowa, you knew. The President lectures 
senators and representatives at times as if 
they were school-boys. He calls them up to 
the White House, and lays down common 
statements of fact as if they were new dis- 
coveries by himself. He thinks in conven- 
tional lines, notwithstanding his reputation 
for originality. He is platitudinous. 


Opinions of the Press. 

Chicago Chronicle : 

A new book on Spain gives vivid scenes of 
daily life in the land beyond the Pyrenees. 
" Two Argonauts in Spain," by Jerome Hart, 
is a series of pen-sketches taken on the wing. 
showing the brighter and darker life of Spain 
as seen in a passing glance. The author does 
not affect to touch upon religion, politics, or 
revolutions. He visited many interesting 
cities and picturesque places, saw the hotels, 
railways, theatres, operas, bull-fights, and 
somewhat of the social life. He describes not 
only the Spain of to-day. but enters a little 
into the history of the people so far as it re- 
lates to their present characteristics. For 
instance, speaking of the strange mixture in 
the Spanish character, he shows how its pecu- 
liarities are probably due to the blending of 
strange blood. 

Mr. Hart propounds the question. " Can 
there be any connection between the marked 
degeneration of Spain and the abuse of to- 
bacco in Spain? " He brings much good argu- 
ment to bear in the affirmative answer to the 
question. To the wines of Spain he is more 
friendly. The book is handsomely bound in 
two shades of brown, with gilt decorations. 
It has many full-page half-tones, and there 
are illustrations and facsimiles in the text. 

The Outlook: 
"Two Argonauts in Spain," by Jerome 
Hart, may find place on that shelf which con- 
tains Colonel Hay's " Castilian Days." Miss 
Bates's " Highways and Byways in Spain," 
Zimmerman's " Spain and the Spaniards," and 
Daviller's " L'Espagne." but it will come after 
all these. It is very well for an American 
newspaper correspondent to visit Spanish 
cities and to describe life" as he sees it from 
his hotel : it is quite another thing for a man 
to sojourn in foreign capitals, and not only in 
them, but in the towns and in the country, to 
learn to know not merely the people on the 
streets but the people in the houses, and then 
to dip beneath the surface of their lives. That 
is truer observation. 

Brooklyn Eagle: 
In " Two Argonauts in Spain." Jerome 
Hart kills two fond legends with a single blow. 
He says Spanish women are ugly and don't 
wear mantillas. . . . The travel stories are 
entertaining, and the book, both in binding 
and illustration, does credit to San Francisco. 
Mr. Hart, by the way — it is illustrative of his 
predilection for the perverse — attributes the 
decline of Spain to cigarette smoking. 

Los Angeles Times: 
A charming book is '" Two Argonauts in 
Spain," by Jerome Hart. Nobody, nowadays, 
who travels, omits to write a book about his 
journeyings. Many of these books are finely 
illustrated, because the average traveler is a 
kodak fiend ; most of them are badly written 
for various reasons— chief of which is that, 
like some of the average author's early photo- 
graphic efforts, small and insignificant ob- 
jects (generally himself and his friends) oc- 
cupy the foreground and show up dispropor- 
tionately large, while the country itself, its 
scenery and inhabitants, form a hazy back- 
ground, much out of focus. '* Two Argonauts 
in Spain " is a happy contrast to volumes of 
this sort — an unassuming little book, which, 
in brief sketches, gives the reader a greater 
insight into actual conditions in Spain than 
many thick volumes do. The author has 
seized on salient features of nature and so- 
ciety with great discrimination. 

Pittsburg Dispatch: 

Jerome Hart's volume of travel. " Two 
Argonauts in Spain," gives snapshots of 
Iberian life. The journey was not a leisurely 
one. hence the book telling about it is writ- 
ten in a light vein. 

Payot. Upham & Co., publisher- 
cisco ; illustrated. 


Ianuary 4, 1904. 


A Notable Biography. 
Austin Dobson's short life of " Fanny Bur- 
ner " is one of those rare works of biography 
fitly described by the word " enjoyable." It 
has life, color, charm, vivacity. Dobson 
paints for us the very spirit and genius of the 
times. It is a book without a trace of ped- 
antry, an iota of affectation. 

From the embarrassment of riches in the 
way of interesting and amusing phases of life 
and character portrayed, it is difficult to 
choose. But we are particularly struck by 
this : how small the audience of an English 
novelist was in the last decades of the eight- 
eenth century ; how few opinions constituted 

" Evelina " was written by Fanny Burney 
when she was twenty-six, and published anon- 
ymously. It was printed in three volumes, and 
the author received £20 for it — " accepted 
with alacrity, and boundless surprise for its 
magnificence. " The first notice appeared in 
the London Reviczv. and was three lines long. 
Yet it was not unfavorable. A longer, but not 
Ion:;, review a little later appeared in the 
Monthly Rez'ic-.c. Tt was highly flattering. 
Then came the Critical Review with the long- 
est notice of all. comparing the author to 
Richardson. Dr. Johnson, the great man of 
the day. by this time was reading the book, 
and protesting that there were " passages . . . 
which might do honor to Richardson," whereat 
the author "danced a jigg to Mr. Crisp, without 
any preparation, music, or explanation." Sir 
Joshua Reynolds found " Evelina " so inter- 
esting that he sat up all night to finish it, and 
subsequently declared he would give £50 to 
know the name of the author. Richard Brins- 
ley Sheridan " expressed the highest admira- 
tion." Burke, the great Burke, paid his une- 
quivocal tribute. And all the lesser lights of 
the time joined in the chorus of praise. And 
yet — and yet — less than two thousand copies 
of " Evelina" were sold during the twelve- 
month, the first two editions being of five 
hundred, the third of a thousand copies. That, 
in those days, was pronounced a wonderful 
success. Novelists of to-day may thank their 
stars that they did not live in the time of 
Johnson and Sheridan and Garrick. and try 
to earn a living by writing fiction. 

Mr. Dobson's captivating book is almost as 
interesting in that it gives a picture of the 
major and minor celebrities of the time as it 
is in that it sympathetically portrays a 
sprightly and lovable personality. Even those 
who have no poignant interest in the author 
of " Evelina " will appreciate the skill with 
which Mr. Dobson has drawn his background — 
a background in which the figure of Dr. John- 
son looms darkly and grandly. 

Published by the -Macmillan Company, New 

A Spinster's Musings. 

In a tiny volume, with the very well-chosen 
title "My Old Maid's Corner," Lillie Hamil- 
ton French has outlined the complete records 
of an old maid's tastes, musings, aspirations, 
and disappointments. For her especial old 
maid is not of the bachelor-maid type. She 
loves the sight nf love and married lovers. 
She is as frank about the secret disappoint- 
ments of matured maidenhood as she is con- 
cerning the matronly airs and arrogances of 
her married friends. 

It is probable, however, in spite of the de- 
termined optimism of the old maid in her 
Minny corner, that the wistful, minor note in 
her musings will impel some belated maiden 
still lingering sadly in her latter thirties to 
pluck up resolve and charge the enemy once 
more. For. after all's said, the old maid's 
-r.veruif.nty extends only over the books, 
- and birds that make her corner cheer- 
ful. In her heart of hearts she admits that 
with all her independence, she is putting the 
re possible on the cold fact that she 
has missed woman's happiest vocation — in 
tailing to reign over a little queendom of 
home affections and mutually shared family 
interest . 

Published by the Century Company, New 
York : $1.00. 

Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
\ handsome new edition of " Pluenixiana, 
«.r Sketches and Burlesques." jusl issued 
from the Appleton press, recalls the fact that 

Hoar, in his autobiography, classes 
II. Derby, better known as John 
nous Concord men. 
in Concord, and amused 
th< future senator in his boyhood by 
'' rful papi r liqures nf birds 
and animals, Derbj did not get along very 
well with his employer," says the senator. 
"He would li> down at full length on the 
1 and was then very un- 
willing i" be disturbed to wail on cust rs. 

If a little girl came in with a tin kettle to ■..:• 1 

tolassi hi would say the molasses was 

all .ait. ai 1 they would have some more next 
week." " Phccnixiana " needs no introduction 
I tlifc nia readers. 

■ rky, who gained the world's at- 
th his stories of Rv sian tramps and 
■vith whom he consorted, is now a 

Mb. He gives luxurious' dinners 

at his sumptuous town house in Moscow, and 
dispenses generous hospitality at his splendid 
estate on the Volga. The correspondent of a 
London paper adds that in Moscow it is said 
that he has forgotten the days and the ideas 
of his poverty-stricken youth. 

In his recent speech at Dumfries, Mr. Mor- 
ley incidentally mentioned that he had a new 
book on the stocks, or at any rate, in his mind. 
" One of these days." he said. " I shall use my 
recovered leisure to show the blunders and the 
follies into which able and clear-headed men 
have fallen upon the greatest subjects." 

Professor Charles S. Sargent, whose new 
work nn " Trees and Shrubs" is now in course 
of publication, has spent the summer in Si- 
beria, studying the flora and fauna of that 
country. He is accompanied by John Muir. 

It is reported that Mrs. Wiggin's most pop- 
ular new story, " Rebecca," reached its one 
hundredth thousand in the first two months. 

A recent fire in London destroyed one entire 
edition of the " Reminiscences " of Sir F. Bur- 
nand, the editor of Punch. 

The occupation of the reviewer — particularly 
ol the reviewer of contemporary fiction — is 
(says the London Outlook) one of the worst of 
the "dangerous trades." It is one of the worst, 
because white lead and phosphorus kill the 
body, but are not able to kill the soul, while 
the constant reading of modern fiction is able 
to destroy all simplicity and sanity and moral 
and intellectual health. 

Spain is making preparations for the cele- 
bration on a grand scale in May, 1905, of the 
tercentenary of the publication of Cervantes's 
immortal work, " Don Quixote." It is to be 
an international affair, and the programme 
will include the unveiling of a statue of Cer- 
vantes, an academic fete, a mediaeval tourna- 
ment, and a bull-fight. A dramatization of 
" Don Quixote " will be played, and Sir Henry 
Irving will be invited to take the part of Don 
Quixote, in the principal theatre in Spain. 

Rear-Admiral Schley was recently inter- 
viewed and divulged three important facts. 
Two (in answer to a question) are: "If I were 
nominated for the Presidency I would not ac- 
cept. If elected, I'll be damned if I would 
serve." The third is literary. He said he was 
writing a book which would deal strictly with 
the facts of his service in the navy of nearly 
forty-five years. He remarked, further, that 
he did not believe there would be any more 
long wars, and that there was scarcely any 
country but the United States that could now 
stand the expense of a big war for longer than 
a year. 

Mr. Wheatley, the secretary of the London 
Society of Arts and the editor of the famous 
edition of Pepys, has written a book on me- 
diaeval London, which will be published next 
year in the Mediaeval Town Series. For the 
same series Cecil Headlam is writing on Ox- 
ford ; Miss Marriage on " Avignon " : Miss 
Noyes on " Ferrara " ; and Oliphant Smeaton 
on Edinburgh. 

The London Daily Mail " views with alarm 
the striking increase in the number of books 
by American authors published here [England]. 
The American invasion is assuming propor- 
tions that must attract attention and provoke 
amusement. And simultaneously there is a 
falling off in the number of English books 
produced in America. It is in part the result 
of a genuine literary revival in America. For 
one author ten years ago there are three now, 
and they are ' dumping ' on us their surplus 
wares ! When American writers abound pro- 
portionately to English writers, we tremble to 
think what our case will be. We shall have 
to look to Mr. Chamberlain for help." 

New York Town Topics remarks that " the 
question how far the publisher of a periodical 
may draw on his back numbers in presenting 
ostensibly fresh material is not debatable, 
and it does seem like a confession of weakness 
— or else economy — to find in the Christmas 
number of Harper's Weekly several illustra- 
tions that have graced the pages of the same 
publication before. . . . But perhaps it is ex- 
cusable on the ground that they are the most 
interesting in the number." 

The Century for January. 

The wreck of the ferryboat San Rafael has 
evidently furnished Jack London with the idea 
for die opening chapter in his novel " The 
Sea-Wolf," which begins in January Century. 
and masterly "copy" has he made of it. 
Local color is there galore. We hear of a 
friend named Charley [not Andrew] Furu- 
seih, who " kept a summer cottage in Mill 
Valley, under the shadow of Mt. Tamalpais," 
and wlm in winter read " Nietzsche and Scho- 
penhauer to rest his hrain " and "in summer 
toiled in Mi. cjty." We yet a description of a 
fog on the bay. with some notes on navigation 
by a red-faced gentleman. There is a thrill- 
ing study in the psychological processes of 
men and women in a ferryboat wreck. And 
then our K'nfl'-'iian-writer hero finds himself 
aboard a sealing schooner bound for the north, 
helpless, like the crew, in the hands of an 
amazing person named Wolf Larsen. If a 
good beginning is indeed half the battle, then 

" The Sea- Wolf," which will run through the 
year in the Century, promises to be the strong- 
est of the several strong books which Mr. 
London has written. 

In other respects the January Century is 
notable. The leading article is a study, by 
Othon Guerlac. of the French Chamber of 
Deputies, with excellent drawings by Andre 
Castaigne. Under the title. " An American 
Palace of Art," Sylvester Baxter describes 
Mrs. Jack Gardner's famous " Italian Palace," 
near Boston, and several of the notable paint- 
ings there are reproduced. " Ekai Kawagu- 
chi's Narrative " of a journey in Tibet is an- 
other striking feature, and special mention 
needs be made of Maurice Maeterlinck's essay, 
" Our Friend, the Dog." Brief articles on 
current topics are " The New Element, Ra- 
dium," by Ernest Merritt ; " Radium and Ra- 
dioactivity." by Mine. Salodowska Curie, dis- 
coverer of radium ; and articles on immigra- 
tion, by Senator Lodge and Commissioner 
Sargent. Space is lacking to mention all the 
articles, but the Thackeray letters, a humorous 
" Wee McGreegor " story, and animal fables 
by Ernest Thompson Seton, must not be 
passed unnoticed. 

Mr. Lang "Wants to Know." 
" Can any American archaeologist," writes 
Andrew Lang. " certify me as to whether the 
Calaveras skull really did turn out to be a 
humorous imposture? An eminent authority, 
indeed, tells me that Bret Harte settled the 
question, but you can not ' vanquish Berkeley 
with a grin,' nor wind up an antiquarian dis- 
pute with a ballad." Off hand, the Argonaut 
can throw just this much light on the ques- 
tion : The poem, "Post-Pliocene," in a book by 
W. Frank Stewart, published in 1869. has this 
note: "Recently, in the foot-hills of the 
Sierra Nevadas, while some miners were sink- 
ing a shaft, a petrified human skull was found 
in the post-pliocene rocks, at a depth of 
nearly two hundred feet from the surface. 
This rare specimen is now in the possession of 
Professor Whitney, formerly State geologist 
of California." 

New Publications. 
" Shorter Poems of Tennyson." Published 
by the Macmillan Company : 50 cents. 

" Plant Physiology," by George James 
Peirce, Ph. D. Published by Henry Holt & 
Co., New York. 

" The African Forest and Jungle," by Paul 
Du Chaillu. Profusely illustrated. Published 
by Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 

" Fundamentals of Child Study." by Edwin 
A. Kirkpatrick, B. S., M. Ph. "Published by 
the Macmillan Company, New York. 

" Jewel : A Chapter in Her Life." by Clara 
Louise Burnham. Illustrated. Published by 
Houghton, Miffiin & Co., Boston: $r.oo. 

" The Master Rogue." by David Phillips. 
Profusely illustrated by Gordon H. Grant. 
Published by McClure. Phillips & Co., New 

" The Story of King Arthur and His 
Knights," by Howard Pyle. Profusely illus- 
trated by author. Published by Charles Scrib- 
ner's Sons, New York ; $2.50 net. 

" The Natural History of Selborne. by Gil- 
bert White." Edited with notes by Grant 
Allen. Illustrated by -Edmund H. New. A 
new edition. Published by John Lane, New 

" The English Dance of Death." From the 
designs of Thomas Rowlandson. With met- 
rical illustrations by the author of " Doctor 
Syntax." New edition. Two volumes. Pub- 
lished by D. Appleton & Co., New York. 

" The Tumping Frog, in English, then in 
French, then Clawed Back into a Civilized 
Language, by Patient. Unremunerated Toil." 
by Mark Twain. Profusely illustrated. Pub- 
lished by Harper & Brothers, New York ; 

Is reading an effort? We 
can make it a pleasure for 

Hirsch & Kaiser, 

7 Kearny St. Opticians. 


Reviewed In the Argonaut can be 
obtained at 


126 Post Street 


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1125 Broadway, New York. 


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78 and 79 Auzerais Building 



Two Argonauts in Spain 


Payot, Uphain & Co., Publishers. Two 
hundred and seventy pages and Index. Six- 
teen full-page half-tone plates; illustrations 
and facsimiles in the text ; colored map of 
Spain. Cloth binding, with stamp on side 
in two colors and gold. Bound in boards 
with fall gold stamp on side. Gilt top. 

Price to Argonaut subscribers, SI. 50; by 
mail, $1.68. Address 


346 Sutter St., S. F. 


r a A I IN S 


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any house on the Pacific Coast. Send for Catalogue, 
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536 California Street. Telephone Main 366. 

The Tribune 

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not necessary to use any other paper. 







For Present Time 

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Every Elgin Watch is fully guaranteed. All jewelers have 
Elgin Watches. "Timemakers and Timekeepers," an illus- 
trated history of the watch, sent free upon request to 

Elgin National watch Co., Elgin, ill. 

January 4. 1904. 




Now Who Did Write "infelix"? 

An old but ever interesting question is up 
again, thanks to Adrian H. Joline's " The Di- 
versions of a Book-Lover," and the epistolary 
zeal of several English gentlemen. 

As is well known, there have always been 
doubts whether Adah Isaacs Menken was re- 
ally the author of a small volume of verses, 
entitled " Infelicia." and in particular of one 
striking poem in it called " Infelix." The 
Menken was a famous actress and beauty, 
who, thirty odd years ago, created a huge sen- 
sation in this country by appearing in the 
play " Mazeppa." attired in flesh-colored silk 
tights, simulating complete nudity. Thus clad 
she was bound to the back of a prancing steed, 
which climbed a miniature mountain in the 
rear of the stage. After the play had been 
seen at all the " principal cities " of the 
United States, the actress went to England, 
and there " Infelicia " appeared. 

The book was dedicated, by permission, to 
Charles Dickens. It has a facsimile letter of 
Dickens's prefixed to it. The author was a 
friend of Charles Reade and many other emi- 
nent persons. Not only is there a picture of 
the actress leaning upon the bulky form of the 
elder Dumas, but one with the poet Swinburne 
looking down upon her. Not only was she at 
one time the wife of John C. Heenan. the 
prize-fighter, but of Orpheus C. Kerr, the 
poet, and of others unnamed. No wonder 
there were those who suspected she had 
" help " with her poems from some of her 
distinguished friends, lovers, or husbands. 

But when the Peter Gilsey collection of let- 
ters, pictures, and bibelots was sold in New 
York last spring, it was vaguely reported that 
documents were found showing that the Men- 
ken really did write " Infelix." Upon the 
truth of this, doubt is now thrown by a Mr. 
St. John-Brenon. who relates, in a London 
paper, how "Mr. Hotten told him that Mr. 
Algernon Charles Swinburne helped to see 
the volume ['Infelicia'] through the press." 
thus gently insinuating that Swinburne wrote 
the poems. This idea, however, is combatted 
by Ellis H. Ellis, who writes to the same 
journal : 

Many book-collectors make the above as- 
sertion, and apparently Mr. St. John-Brenon 
has fallen under the spell of this popular er- 

John Camden Hotten has been dead some 
years. Mr. Swinburne is still living; he might 
be asked to " own the soft impeachment." Be 
this as it may. I am impelled to tell you the 
sum of my knowledge concerning " Infelicia." 

When Adah Isaacs Menken was playing Ma- 
zeppa at Astley's Theatre I went to see her. 
and met John Thomson, then an old friend 
of several years' standing (who was afterward 
dramatic critic of the Dispatch). After the 
play we walked over to the Albion to supper, 
when we talked of Menken, and Thomson 
told me that he was " helping her with her 
poems." I verily believe that John Thomson 
wrote every line of them ; he was just the 
man who would sink himself in an act of 
gallantry to a woman. Adah Isaacs Menken 
could not write " Infelicia." 

Here appears something definite, but the 
matter is again wrapped in haze by the further 
fact appearing that, at this time. John Thom- 
son was the private secretary of Mr. Swin- 
burne! Now who did write " Infelix"? 

One of Sala's Jokes. 
In his *' Records and Reminiscences," Sir F. 
Burnand says that shortly after he succeeded 
to the editorial chair of Punch, Sala wrote a 
parody of the " Notes " which he was himself 
contributing to the Illustrated London Nezvs. 
It was attributed to the editor, and friends 
who knew Sala's short temper were anxious, 
not. as it soon seemed, without reason. At the 
Beefsteak Club, Sala politely asked for the 
author's name. " I can not give it," replied 
the editor, " without his permission." " It is 
a personal attack on me." said Sala. appar- 
ently waxing wroth. Peacemaking friends 
suggested that any popular author's style was 
fair game. " I join issue." replied Sala. 
" Burnand ought to have rejected it." So 
the debate went on. growing hotter and hotter. 
When Sala declared that when he was younger 
he would have pulled the nose of any one who 
attacked him. and the editor replied that if 
Sala really wished to carry out his threat he 
had the matter in his own hands, it seemed 
that a crisis had arrived. "I can!" ex- 
claimed George, rising up excitedly, " and 
will." Every one jumped to his feet. It 
seemed as though he were going to assault me 
there and then ! What was their surprise at 
seeing George, first with one hand, then 
with the other, wring his own nose, and. 
murmuring humbly " I apologize," drop down 
abashed into his seat. 

A Certain Apostle and Mr. Gladstone. 
In a recent " literary letter " Andrew Lang 
remarks that he has not read Morley's life of 
Gladstone. " not desiring to bring sorrows back 
to mind." Evidently he refers to the Gordon 
affair. For he continues : " It does not 
seem to be an established fact that Mr. Glad- 
stone attended two theatres, or even one. 

when the news came of Gordon's death. Prob- 
ably his well-known dislike of military matters 
prevented him from giving much heed to the 
whole affair, and the blame ought to have 
fallen rather on his colleagues than himself. 
But he was blamed. A distinguished scholar 
and soldier, seeing Mr. Gladstone's portrait 
in a picture gallery, murmured, automatically, 
' Judas !' A lady, a stranger, asked : ' Sir, 
did you mention one of the Apostles?' ' Yes. 
madam,' answered my friend. ' Then t have 
the pleasure to agree with you.' " 

The Kaiser as a Press-Agent. 
When the government authorities in Ger- 
many convicted Lieutenant Bilse. of the Ger- 
man army, of the charge of libeling his supe- 
rior and commanding officers " by the publica- 
tion of writings in a peculiarly offensive and 
damaging form, and also of a breach of ser- 
vice regulations." and sentenced him to six 
months' imprisonment and dismissal from the 
army, they had no intention of making the 
offending lieutenant a rich man. Yet that is 
what has happened. The novel, describing 
garrison life and morals in the German army, 
and portraying the officers as harsh and 
brutal, has been republished outside of Ger- 
many and one hundred thousand copies have 
already been sold. The Vienna publisher re- 
ports that he can not keep up with the orders. 
Despite the government inhibition, it is being 
largely sold in Germany. So great has been 
its effect that public opinion is forcing the 
reform of abuses pointed out, and the Kaiser 
finds himself in the position of having, by his 
unwise course, magnified the book's effect a 

As racy a war of words as ever fought on 
paper, has been going on over Kipling's '"The 
Feet of the Young Men." published in his new 
volume. " The Five Nations." A contributor 
to Forest and Stream, who also writes verses 
and is a sportsman of no small pretensions, 
but is lost to fame through the ill-starred 
cognomen of Brown, goes into a spasm of 
horrified surprise over Kipling's characteriza- 
tion of a Maine "log-jam." Under the head- 
ing " Spurious Writings About Angling and 
Nature." he makes a furious arraignment of 
the poet for almost every kind and degree of 
violation of truth in the verses. " The Feet of 
the Young Men " — the most violent diatribe, 
it is said, that has ever appeared in the col- 
umns of Forest and Stream. Others join in 
the assault. The cudgels of defense are taken 
up by Mr. Kipling's friends, and the wordy 
war waxes warm. 

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If you want to read a story that will 
tingle your nerves and make you smell 
salt water, read 

"The Sea=Wolf " 


Author of " The Call of the Wild " 

which begins in the January number 

It opens in San Francisco Bay— the hero picked up 
from a wrecked ferry=boat by a schooner bound for 
the sealing grounds off Japan -and the schooner goes, 
too, and the hero with her, whether he will or not. 
The captain is the "sea- wolf," a big Scandinavian, 
Wolf Larsen, and of all the strange mixtures of brutal = 
ity and self ^culture you ever read about, Wolf Larsen 
will stand at the head. He is one of the most tre- 
mendous characters in fiction, and this novel, *« The 
Sea=Wolf " is going to be 

The Great Magazine 
Serial of the Year 

Try the January Number. Buy if on a news-stand, or better 
yet, subscribe for a year and get the whole story. 

You can subscribe to The Century for a year beg/inning with the 
January number (containing first chapters of •• The Sea- Wolf "i and 
you can have the superbly illustrated numbers for November and 
December, 1903, FREE OF CHARGE, and thus begin the volume and 
BEGIN EVERY SERIAL. Two free numbers with a year's subscrip- 
tion from January. 1904. Price $4.00. flentioa this offer in Argonaut 
and remit to 

THE CENTURY CO, Union Square, New York 

Besides "The Sea-Wolf" the 
January Century will give you 

An Article on Radium 

Written by its discoverer, Mme. 

An Article on Lhasa, the For. 
bidden City of Tibet 

Written by a man who lived there 
for months. 

A Capital -'Wee Macgreegor " 

"Wee Macgreegor's New Year's 
Eve at Gran paw Purdie s " 

Elliott Flower's Story 

'The l' inspected Strike." 

Roy Rolfe Gilson's Story 

"The Illusionist." 

Ernest Thompson Seton's Fables 

With his own illustrations. 

A Splendidly Illustrated Article 
on the French Chamber of 

With pictures by Castaigtie. 

A Splendidly Illustrated Article 
on " An American Palace of 

The first complete authorized pic- 
torial and literary record of Mrs. 
Gardner's famous Museum in 

A Remarkable Study of the 
Dog by Maurice Maeterlinck 

And Other Good Things 




January 4, 1904. 

It begins i" look as if Mr. Fitch, the most 
prolific, the most popular, and the most freely 
criticised of American dramatists, was pass- 
ing on to a new stage of development. There 
was a time when his methods seemed fixed; 
but no one stands still. Mr. Fitch's drama- 
tized funerals and functions, his weddings 
and his bridge-parties, have served to point 
the pen of many a satirist. In " The Climb- 
ers" and "The Frisky Mrs. Johnson." how- 
ever, there was a distinct improvement. The 
characterization gained in positiveness, the 
comedy in fineness and ease, the dramatic 
movement in value. 

In " The Girl with the Green Eyes.'' Mr. 
Fitch shows still more clearly the results 
gained from a steady endeavor to master an 
art. In this he wholly refrains from his per- 
nicious habit of pushing aside the main cur- 
rent of the story to make way for the side 
eddies whose foam and froth do not affect 
the forward trend of the drama. 

The story, on the face of it. bears appar- 
ent improbabilities. Young men with fine 
family connections and assured social position 
seldom commit bigamy as lightly as Jeff Till- 
man. Brides who are adored by their hus- 
bands are not given to committing suicide in 
their honeymoons. Vet so deftly has Mr. 
Fitch woven his threads into the main fabric 
that the story assumes probability, firmness. 
and cohesion. 

The dialogue is excellent, witty in places, 
succinct, and has a tone of genuineness, show- 
ing a grateful freedom from the bathetic sen- 
timentality which aroused a sense of revolt 
in " Nathan Hale." " Captain Jinks." and 
even in " The Stubbornness of Geraldine." 
The latter play, which was of sufficiently late 
date to make many of Mr. Fitch's partisans 
feel hopeless for his development, is far out- 
distanced by " The Girl with the Green Eyes." 
One does not drop thoughts of this play with 
one's outdoor wrappings on coming home. 
It will arouse plentiful discussion and argu- 
ment, especially between husbands and wives. 
There is too much tangle in the story to bear 
telling, besides which a play should always 
unfold itself without previous knowledge on 
the listener's part. But the title discloses its 
main idea. 

Poor girl with the Lireen eyes, what a des- 
tiny is yours! I know, many of us recall, her 
self-torturing counterpart. And poor, poor 
husband! Luckless bridegroom, lover of 
peace and amity; you have introduced a fire- 
brand into your household, fondled a sky- 
rocket to your heart : a skyrocket attached to 
a fuse that is always burning, and that re- 
quires perpetual stamping out. 

These two roles were rendered with abso- 
lute sincerity, with perfect comprehension, by 
Ida Conquest and Robert Drouet. You could 
not pick a flaw in the impersonation of either. 
Mr. Drouet is exceptionally gifted in his 
ability to express perfect earnestness and self- 
forget fulness in his manner. He was not 
Roberl Drouet, but Jack Austin, the best and 
manliest of fellows, loving his wife with ex- 
treme tenderness, even while stung and out- 
raged into a little exhibition of marital stern- 
ness ; perplexed and saddened by the weight 
<>f the responsibility dumped upon him from 

Lh( -boulders of a weaker man. Who would 
have believed thai Clyde Fitch could have 
1 ibis situation with such simplicity and 
sincerity ? 

As for Ida 1 'onqucst, just her 

physical and | nd dilicacy to 

fitly portray ' ! |T 1. Jinny 

Austm required youth, bright* 

refinement, an< to palliate her 

sin. !-.[■■ ort ol inflamed 

egoism. It a warm heart. 

i If- absorbed, i e cold, an oftener 

jealous than those ■■' (\w 

The unlovel 

cc of tlo 'iviht of 

priority over all other claims. Jinny would 
Ik- jealous of her children it she v.. 

unluclq have any. To .lack, they 

any a man or 

. der has 
lov< in 

Ida < onqui -i • ndowed Jinny with all the 

charm thai : . 

with their n ite "I hysteria, her sudden com- 

M ith the stamp of 
frailty of appi a-: ■ a emp 
f die young 

ly plausible hei 

it; her life < tangle 

I he pardon is just, and justi- 

fiable. Yet. when the curtain rings down, one 
sighs in pity for poor Jack. For nature is too 
much for us. Even the tragedy that she barely 
escaped could never cure the green-eyed girl. 
Cowlicks, an ear for music, birthmarks, green 
eyes, whatever we are born with, follow us 
in greater or less degree to our graves. There 
is facial surgery, to be sure, but soul surgery 
is a different thing, and Jinny, through her 
own heated imaginings, must inevitably, like 
Othello, be washed in the " steep down gulfs 
of liquid fire," that flow from jealousy. 

The company, as a whole, is of first-class 
quality. Grace Henderson shades a slightly 
humorous role with the appropriate humorous 
spirit, and Mrs. WhifTen and Mr. William 
Tooker are a realistically lovable couple of 
parents. The youngster who plays Susie has 
unusual intelligence, and absolutely declines 
to be a marionette. Rose Flynn and Frank 
Dekum. although thoroughly conscientious, 
especially the latter, are a little out of pitch. 
In the nose to nose colloquy on the sofa 
in the first act. it really looked as if those 
useful organs would meet, so strenuously did 
the young couple preserve a facial contiguity. 
This almost nosing of each other by stage 
lovers is a new trick, I have noticed, and a 
distressing one. It suggests cross-eyed dis- 
comfort, rather than yearning love. 

The tourist scene was Clyde Fitch all over. 
It was excellently done, and instead of form- 
ing a frivolous interruption, gave atmosphere 
to the scene in the Vatican, and added a highly 
amusing episode. 

The comfort of the public has been well 
considered in remodeling the new Tivoli, 
which is roomy, spacious, and comfortable. 
But while they were about it. what a pity not 
to have placed the entrance at the side instead 
of at the back of the auditorium, so as to pre- 
vent that too familiar and thoroughly dreaded 
winter draught between the stage and the rear 
doors, which is so successful in keeping people 
at home during the cold weather. For one of 
the familiar sights during entr'actes on winter 
nights is the turning of remonstrant heads, 
and the shivering of distressed backs when at- 
tentive ushers loop back curtains for the exit 
of thirsty pilgrims, who must not be discom- 
moded even to the extent of pushing portieres 
aside. The result is that the blast from out- 
doors plays freely and continuously on those 
who remain seated, and who carry home a 
lugubrious harvest of catarrh, influenza, and 

This, however, is merely another detail 
illustrating the foolish good-nature of the San 
Francisco public, which is so accustomed to 
having its comfort steadily ignored that it is 
filled with placid surprise when it is con- 
sidered, as in the case of providing a smok- 
ers" section at' the Tivoli. That one innova- 
tion will draw to the theatre a certain contin- 
gent who have heretofore habitually avoided 
it because of a physical inability to remove 
a crop of smoky hair with -their garments 
and hang it by a window to air. 

I wonder if managers realize that the dis- 
comforts of draughty, unwarmed auditoriums 
causes them to lose a certain percentage of 
their receipts every winter. Pretty girls will 
suffer in heroic silence under their chiffons, 
but the old girls of forty, with rheumatic 
backs, the old boys of fifty with thinning 
locks and bald scalps, recall the playful win- 
ter zephyrs sporting through open entrances, 
shake their heads, draw up cosily to the fire 
and stay home without one pang. 

" Ixion." however, is no loss to matured 
tastes, being the usual Christmas spectacle. 
" culled and congregated for the amusement of 
young and old children." There are occa- 
sional concessions to the adult intellect — such 
as Ferris Hartman's " All Right." I wonder 
if the children — young and old— are not awe- 
struck by the superiority of grown-up stand- 
ards when listening to this gem of poesy and 

For the rest, it is what a world-weary youth 
of nineteen stigmatized as a " kid show." 
Children, apparently no more than six or seven 
years of age. have important roles, and wink 
and swagger, and utter tough sentiments and 
slangy jokes in their baby voices. Such 
things mislike me. but no doubt the family 
purse waxes fat thereby. 

The spectacular part of the show has been 
well looked after, and the piece opens with 
picturesque effect. Priestesses — presumably — 
in graceful poses under rosy lights in 
nun i., Tschaikowsky music; thin-legged but 
well-drilled Cupids dance in dells of undulat- 
idows; whether cloud or wave caverns 
Miu- can scarcely say. and it doesn't really 
matter. The piice dc resistance is the dance 
in the vineyard of Bacchus, a really beautiful 
effect being gained by costuming each sepa- 
roup in colors appropriate to the wines 
<>f California, which gives the dance its name. 
i neral effect, when all the garlanded 
groups are gathered beneath a hower of the 
Bacchic rim revolving in a sort of M> poll 
dance and interweaving long, leafy grape- 
studded strands, is like an autumnal festival, 

with its rint of gorgeous coloring I as to the 
other costumes, they might not be amiss in 
adding a six-inch ruffle to Ixion's tunic, and 
suppressing Minerva's kaleidoscopic legs un- 
der a pair of bloomers. The other gods and 
■ draped voluminously and splen- 
didly l.i ^It with yards of tinsel. 

What they say or sing does not matter very 
much, going out of one ear as speedily as it 
enters the other. " Ixion " is for the children 
first, last, and all the time, and no doubt they 
find its splendors of color and tinsel the alpha 
and omega of spectacular beauty. 

JosErniNi: Hart Phelps. 

"Monna Vanna" in New York. 
The New York Sun, in speaking of 
Maeterlinck's "Monna Vanna." recently pro- 
duced in German in New York, says, in part : 
" The veriest prude could find no fault with 
this production of ' Monna Vanna.' for the 
woman's cloak was, as a matter of fact, a far 
more ample gown than is ever shown on an 
opera night. To be sure, she announced that 
that was all she had on, but the audience had 
to take her word for it. ' Monna Vanna ' 
needs great actors to make it a great play 
The long speeches which make such delightful 
reading for the library grow vastly monoto- 
nous when they are delivered, as they were. 
without any variety of expression or vocal 
light and shade. The settings were fair, but 
the lighting was most inartistic, the whole 
second act being played in such a dim light 
that it was impossible to see the actors' faces. 
The illuminated view of Pisa in the distance 
looked a good deal like Luna Park. There 
was a large audience, but not nearly as much 
enthusiasm as the usual first jiight at the 
Irving Place evokes." 

A new comedy, by Leo Ditrichstein. en- 
titled " Harriet's Honeymoon." was presented 
in Philadelphia recently, with Mary Manner- 
ing in the leading role. The critics give much 
praise to both play and actress, saying that it 
is a better vehicle for Miss Mannering's talent 
than she ever before appeared in. The story 
is of a young American couple who quarrel 
while on their wedding j ourney in Europe, 
and meet with many amusing adventures 
before they become reconciled. 

According to the dispatches, the son of 
Balfe. the composer, has made an appeal 
for assistance. He hopes to secure money 
enough to buy a barrel organ on which he 
can play his father's compositions in the 


Mr. Paul Gerson begs to state that, in response to 
numerous requests, he will on Januarv ist open a 
JUVENILE DEPARTMENT in connection with his 
School of Acting, and has secured the services of a 
teacher of experience, specially qualified for this work, 
Miss Lillian E. Muscio. One of the features of the de- 
partment will be a dancing class in charge of Signora 
Matildita. In order that each one may have his or her 
proper lime and attention, the class will be limited to 
twenty- fiv*. Mr. Gerson will give his personal at- 
tention to every pupil. For terms, etc., call or address 
The Juvenile Department of the Paul Gerson School of 
Acting, Native Sons' Building, 414 Mason Street. The 
fourth of the series of matinee performances by stu- 
dents of the school, will take place at Fischer's 
Theatre. Fridav afternoon, January 29th. A brilliant 
programme will be presented. The school will be as- 
sisted by the San Francisco Conservatory of Music. 
this institution hereafter joining its artistic interests 
with the School of Acting. 


Direction -Will Greenbaum 




Course A — " Yosemite," Tuesday, January 12th ; 
" Yellowstone," Thursday, January 14th; " Grand 
Canyon," Saturday. January :6th , " Alaska 1, The 
Fjords," Tuesday! January 19th ; "Alaska II, The 
Klondike " Thursday, January 2ist. 

Course B — "St. Petersburg," Wednesday, January 
15th; "Moscow," Friday, January 15th; "Siberia," 
Monday, January iSth ; " Pekin." Wednesday. Jan- 
nary 20th; "Seoul, Capital of Corea," Friday, Jan- 
uary 22d. 

Sale of course tickets begins next Monday at Sher- 
man, Clay & Co.'s. 


Thursday evening, January 7th, 1904, at S.15, and Mon- 
day afternoon, January 11th, at 2.1s. Positively 
farewell tour. 

M»iK. "W3 ^m. rri rri -w- 


(The Baroness Cederstmm.) 

Direction Robert Grau, incorporated. Management 
Marcus R. Mayer. Signor Romualdo Sapio, Con- 

Prices, $2.00, $2.50, $3.00, $4 00, $5.00, and j6.i>o. 

Sale of seats will begin at the box-office of the theatre 
Monday morning, January 41I1. 

Out of town mail orders, accompanied by tnonej 
order and addressed to H. H. Campbell. Treasurer 
Grand Opera House, will be filed in the order of theil 
receipt, and seats assigned as near the desired location 
as possible. Steinwav piano used. 





Mow Greatly Improved. 


Phone South ;>.".. 


And Other Useful 

^642 ^MARKETS! 


Corner Eddy and Mason Streets. 

The mythological musical extravaganza in three 
acts, that is the talk of the town. 

Usual popular prices, 25c. 50c. and 75c. Proscenium 
and mezzanine box seats, Sr.oo. Seats on sale two 
weeks in advance. 

Beginning Monday, Januarv nth— "When Johnnv 
Conies Marching Home. 


Beginning next Monday. January 4th. second and last 

week, Charles Frohnian presents Clvde 

Fitch's best comedy, 


Only matinee Saturday. 

Special— Sunday night, Januarv 10th, Alberta Gal- 
latin in Ibsen's Ghosts. 

Monday, January nth— Mrs. Langtry. 

ALCAZAR THEATRE. Phone" Alcazar." 
Belasco& Maver. Props. E-D. Price, Gen. Mgr. 

Regular matinees Saturday and Sunday. One week, 
commencing Monday. January 4th, the pic- 
turesque drama of romance, 
By Frances Hodgson Burnett and Stephen Townsend. 

Evenings 25c to 75c. Saturday and Sundav mat- 
inees, 15c (050c. 

Monday, Jan. nth— The Moth and the Flame. 

QENTRAL THEATRE. Phone south 533 

Eelasco & Maver Proprietors 

Market Street, near Eighth, opposite City Hall. 

Week of Monday, Januarv 4th, the greatest of spec- 
tacular melodramas, 

by Alexander Dumas. 

Prices — Evenings, 10c to 50c. Matinees 10c, 15c, and 
25c. Matinees Saturday and Sunday. 

Week of January nth— The Moonshiners. 


Week beginning next Sunday matinee, January 3d, 

the pipe dreamer, 


and thirty others in the big musical cut-up, 


Prices — Evenings. 15c. 25c, 50c, and 75c. Matinees, 
15c, 25c. and 50c. Matinee Saturday. 

Sunday matinee. Januarv loth — The sensational 
drama. In Convict Stripes. 

Week commencing Sunday matinee. January 3d. A 
big new show! Fred Hallen and Molly Fuller; Du- 
mitrescu, Van Auken, and Vannerson : Charles and 
Minnie Savan : Charlotte Guyer George; the Tobins; 
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Deaves' Merry Manikins; Ernest 
Hogan and Mattie Wilkes; the Orpheum motion pic- 
tures; and reproduction for one week only, of Joan 
Haden's " Cycle of Love." 

Reserved seats, 25c; balcony, 10c : opera chairs and 
box seats, 50c. Regular matinees Wednesday, Thurs- 
day, Saturday, and Sunday. 

Sixth and last week of 
-:- I-O-TJ -:- 

The record-breaking musical comedy. 

Prices— Evenings, 75c, 50c, and 25c. Matinees, 50c 
and 25c. Matinees Saturday aud Sunday. 

Monday. January nth— The Beauty Shop. An 

incomparable production of a strictly local burlesque. 

New California Jockey Club 

Commencing Monday, .Ian. 4, 1904. 

Racing every Week Day, Rain or Shine. 

^J Races start at 2.15 p. M., sharp. *-* 

For Special Trains stopping at the Track take S. P 
Ferry, Eoot of Market Street, at 12.00, 12.30, r.oo, 1.30 
or 2, on. Last two cars on trains reserved for ladies 
and their escorts in which there is no smoking. First 
meeting at Oakland Track is from November 14th 
to December 121b. At Ingleside from December 14th. 

Returning— Trains leave the track at 4.15 and 4.45 
i- m and immediately after the last race. 

1 in 'MAS H. WILLIAMS, President. 
PERCY W. TREAT, Secretary. 


■* Standard Typewriter 

J 211 Montgomery Stf0'^ >U rranclmco 

January 4, 1904. 




Miss Conquest's Success. 
Although Ida Conquest had played the 
leading part in " The Girl with the Green 
Eyes " but four times before she appeared in 
it at the Columbia Theatre on Monday night, 
she won a star's honors, and fulfilled all that 
could be expected of her. She took the part 
almost at a moment's notice. Miss Clara Blood- 
good being suddenly called away by the seri- 
ous illness of her husband, William Laimbeer. 
She left the company in Michigan. The other 
players came on to San Francisco, and a tele- 
gram was sent to Miss Conquest, then in New 
York, to join them here. This play of Clyde 
Fitch's has scenes calling for both emotional 
and comedy work, and Miss Conquest thor- 
oughly proved her versatility. Robert Drouet, 
too. is excellent as the husband and the whole 
company is adequate. Mrs. Langtry, " the 
Tersey Lily." comes to the Columbia on Jan- 
uary nth in a repertoire of plays, including 
Percy Fendall's modern comedy. " Mrs. Deer- 
ing's Divorce." The advance sale of seats 
begins Thursday morning. 

The Patti Concerts. 
It has been definitely decided that Mme. 
Patti's concerts will be given at the Grand 
Opera House. She will sing at two concerts, 
the first being held on the evening of the 7th 
of January, and the second a matinee on the 
nth. Accompanying her are Mile. Rosa 
Zamels. violinist ; Mile. Vera Margolies. 
pianist: Wilfred V. Rigo. tenor; Claude A. 
Cunningham, baritone; Anton Hegner, cellist. 
SignorRomualdo Sapio is the conductor. Mme. 
Patti. who is accompanied by her husband. 
Baron Cederstrom. will arrive on January 6th. 

One Week More of "i-O-U." 
Next week will be the sixth and last week 
of " I-O-U." the musical comedy at Fischer's 
Theatre. It will give place on January nth 
to " The Beauty Shop," written by J. C. Craw- 
ford, a local newspaper man. Like " I-O-U," 
it is a musical comedy, and will be in three 
acts. "' entirely local " in color, and it is even 
claimed that it has an ingenious plot that 
is coherently unfolded despite the exactions 
of an elaborate musical and spectacular set- 
ting. There is a chorus of fifty, which will 
be seen in a number of novel stage group- 
ings. " The Beauty Shop " will introduce 
fome new leading people, among them Miss 
Helen Russell, a stately beauty, said to have 
an unusually good soprano voice, and John 
Peachey. a London baritone singer, from 
whom great things are promised. There are 
sixteen musical numbers in " The Beauty 

"A Lady of Quality" at the Alcazar. 
The Alcazar management is generous to its 
patrons in the matter of putting on a diversity 
of good plays. " A Lady of Quality." to be 
presented next week, is by Frances Hodgson 
Burnett and Stephen Townsend. and is the 
picturesque, romantic drama in which Julia 
Arthur created such a sensation a few years 
ago. In the Alcazar production. Adele Block 
will have the role of Clara Wildairs. played 
by Miss Arthur. It typifies a proud, reckless, 
and dignified girl, and Miss Block is expected 
to do some fine dramatic work in the part. 
The romantic costuming, clash of steel, and 
tragic intensity will give a fine opportunity to 
James Durkin. who is to play Sir John Oxen. 
John B. Maher will be the chaplain. George 
Osborne will have the part of Sir Christopher, 
and the role of Anne Wildairs will be filled 
by Frances Starr. On January nth, " The 
Moth and the Flame," by Clyde Fitch, will be 

The Tivoli's Spectacle. 
The Tivoli Opera House's present attrac- 
tion. " Ixion : or. The Wheelman." affords an 
opportunity for great spectacular effects. 
There are also some beautiful ballets, and 
every accessory to a gorgeous extravaganza. 
" Oh ! Be Careful," " Never Again," " When 
the Gentle Breezes Blow." and "When Jupiter 
Leads His Own Brigade." are among the 
musical numbers that have caught on. It 
will run one week longer, and will be suc- 
ceeded by " When Johnny Comes Marching 
Home." a new comic opera. 

A Complete Change. 
The Road Show leaves the Orpheum after 
this week, and next week there will he a com- 
plete change of bill. The headliners are Fred 
Hallen and Mollie Fuller, favorites here. 
They have just returned from Australia, and 
will present a short musical comedy, " An 
Election Bet." The modern circus of the best 
class will also contribute to the bill, Dumi- 
trescu, Van Auken. and Vannerson doing 
flying acts on triple horizontal bars. Charles 
and Minnie Sa-Van offer a sketch. " A 
Comedy of Mishaps." Charlotte Guyer George 
comes as a well-recommended contralto. A 
novelty will be given in the way of Mr. and 
Mrs. Walter E. Deaves's " Merry Mannikins," 
an amusing marionette performance. Joan 
Hayden's " Cycle of Love " will return for 
one week before going on the circuit, and 
Lotta and Belle Tobin will offer a lot of 

novelties. Ernest Hogan, Mattie Wilkes, and 
company will appear for their last week in a 
change of specialties, and the latest things 
in biograph pictures will be shown. 

Comedy at the Grand. 
The comedian, Joe Kelly, will appear at the 
Grand Opera House next week at the head of 
his company in the musical comedy, " The 
Head Waiters." He plays the part of Imagin- 
ary Thomas, an opium devotee, and is said to 
be extremely funny. The play claims nothing 
but a great power to amuse, being full of 
songs, dances, and specialties. There are 
thirty-five people in the cast, among them 
Dolly De Vyne, Franza Hayford Inman, Marie 
Roslyn. Edna Wellington, Charles Burkhart, 
Lew Kelly, William A. Inman, Bert Wain- 
wright. Jack Vincent, Pierce and Roslyn, and 
others. They will be at the Grand one week, 
to be followed by " In Convict's Stripes." 

"Monte Cristo" at the Central. 
The Central Theatre begins the year with 
a revival of a most picturesque and sensa- 
tional drama — " The Count of Monte Cristo." 
It is an extravagant story — that of a young 
man of humble birth, who conquers all ob- 
stacles and becomes one of the richest and 
most powerful of men. Dumas let his imag- 
ination have full sway when he wrote this 
immortal romance — though there are those 
who say that the main idea of the story was 
inspired by his own early struggles. How- 
ever that may be. the novel has been made 
into a drama that furnishes great scope for 
scenic effects, and the Central Theatre man- 
agement announces that nothing will be lack- 
ing in this regard. The part of Edmond 
Dantes will be played by Herschel Mayall, 
who will have an opportunity to do his best 
work. Eugenia Thais Lawton will be the 

An Ibsen Performance, 
" Ghosts," the Ibsen play that has created 
so much discussion in the East, will be given 
one performance at the Columbia Theatre. 
The date is Sunday evening. January ioth. 
and the leading part, Mrs. Alving, is taken 
by Alberta Gallatin, who has received the 
most favorable notices in the East. The play 
is a particularly strong one. full o"f subtle 
force, and " Ibsenesque " to the last degree. 
Seats go on sale Monday morning. 

Burton Holmes to Lecture Again. 
Burton Holmes's illustrated lectures will be 
resumed at Lyric Hall during January. Five 
lectures will be delivered, embracing different 
parts of the world visited by Mr. Holmes. 
An Eastern paper, speaking of Mr. Holmes, 
says: "Mr. Holmes's pictures this season are 
the finest he has shown. They are, as Mr. 
Holmes in one of his own linguistic ecstacies 
might say, supremely and incomparably beau- 
tiful, with a beauty such as kisses the heaven- 
touching mountain tops at the sunset hour — 
or words to that effect. In fact, to quote Mr. 
Holmes more precisely, we can apply to his 
great colored photographs the words he be- 
stowed upon one of the scenic marvels of the 
Yosemite : ' There is.* he said, ' nothing to 
say of this supremely beautiful cascade except 
that it is wondrously beautiful.' As in sea- 
sons past, the lecturer accompanies his stere- 
optican triumphs with pleasant, unassuming, 
chatty description of places and people." 

Henry Miller and Charles Frohman have 
signed contracts by which the actor will be 
starred for five years by Mr. Frohman, be- 
ginning this winter. New plays will be pre- 
sented twice each season. Miller will appear 
in San Francisco every summer, and will 
also play in Paris. Vienna, and other Con- 
tinental cities. 

Homer Davenport, who recently left the 
employ of the Hearst papers, had a cartoon 
in the New York World of December 23d. 

A Salvini Incident. 

The late Alexander Salvini was once play- 
ing " Hamlet " in a small Wisconsin town. 
The theatre was the crudest of structures, and 
the stage had been contrived for the occasion 
by the simple device of elevating a platform 
on four posts. When the grave-digging scene 
was reached a draught of cold air blew up 
through the aperature in the stage, and not 
only caused the grave-diggers' teeth to chatter. 
but played freaks with their garments. 

Salvini, entering with Horatio, heard from 
the grave only a strange jumble of words 
bitten in pieces by the First Clown's clicking 
teeth. But when he saw the loose garments 
of the workmen flapping jocularly in the 
breeze, the irrelevant sight was too much for 
him, and laughter checked his speech. He 
tried to say, " Has this fellow no feeling of 
his business that he sings at grave-making?" 
but he had to turn his face away from the 
audience and laugh, while the grave-diggers 
carried the scene along with much fuss of 
occupation with pick and spade till Hamlet 
had recovered his gravity. 

Winifred Goff, who sang with the South- 
well opera company at the Grand Opera 
House a few years ago. is now appearing in 
New York and Brooklyn in grand opera given 
in English. 

Dividend Notices. 

California Street, Corner Webb.— For the half year 
ending with the 31st of December, 1903. a dividend has 
been declared at the rate per annum of three and one- 
half (3I4) per cent, on term deposits, and three (3) 
per cent, on ordinary deposits, free of taxes, payable 
on and after Saturday, January 2, 1904. 


cietv, 526 California Street.— For the half year 
ending with December 31, 1903. a dividend has been de- 
clared at the rate of three and one-quarter (3K) per 
cent, per annum, on all deposits, free of taxes, payable 
on and after Saturday. January 2, 1904. 

GEORGE TOURNY, Secretary. 

Trust Company, comer California and Mont- 
gomery Streets.— For the six months ending Decem- 
ber 31, 1903, dividends have been declared on deposits 
1 in the savings department of this company, as fol- 
: lows: On term deposits at the rate of 3 6-10 per cent, 
per annum, and on ordinary deposits at the rate oE 3 
per cent, per annum, free of taxes, and payable on 
and after Saturday, January 2, 1904. Dividends un- 
called for are added to the principal after January I. 
1904. J- DAL2ELL BROWN, Manager. 

and Loan Society, corner Market, McAllister, and 
Jones Streets, San Francisco, December 28, 1903.— At a 
regu'ar meeting ol the Board of Directors of this 
Society, held this day, a dividend has been declared at 
the rate of three and one-fourth {3JO per cent. r*r 
annum on all deposits for the six months ending De- 
cember 31. 1903, free from all taxes, and payable on and 
after January 2, 1904. 

ROBERT J. TOBIN. Secretary. 


•" Francisco, 710 Market Street.— For the half year 
ending December 31, 1903, a dividend has been de- 
clared at the rate of three and twenty one-hundredths 
(3.20) per cent, per annum on all deposits, free of taxes, 
payable on and after Saturday, January 2, 1904. 

GEORGE A. STORY, Cashier. 

Montgomery Street.— The Board of Directors de- 
clared a dividend for the term ending December 31, 1903, 
at the rate of three and one-quarter (3JO per cent, per 
annum on all deposits, free of taxes, and payable on 
and after January 2, 1904. Dividends not called for are 
added to and bear the same rate of dividend as the 
principal from and after January 1, 1904. 



SO 1 California Street, San Francisco. Cal.. 

Has declared a dividend for the year ending December 
3', i9°3. of 5 per cent, on ordinary deposits, 6 pet cent, 
on term deposits, and S per cent, to stockholders, free 
of taxes. 


WM. CORBIN, Sec. and Gen'l Mgr. 

Are you going to make 

a Will? 

If so, send for Pamphlet to 



Capital and Surplus $1,288,55043 

Total Assets 6,415,683.87 


Cor. California and Montgomery Streets 

San Francisco, California 

Banks and Insurance. 


526 California Street, San Francisco. 

Guarantee Capital and Surplus ...* 2,398,75K.10 

Capital actually paid in cash 1. 000,000.00 

Deposits, June 30, 1903 34,819,893.12 

OFFICERS — President. John Llovd ; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Daniel Meyer : Second Vice - President, H. 
Horstman; Cashier, A. H. R Schmidt; Assistant- 
Cashier, William Herrmann ; Secretary. George 
Tournv; Assist ant -Secretary, A. H. Muller; Gen- 
eral Attorney, W. S. Goodfellow. 

Board of Di reel 'ors—\o\m Lloyd, Daniel Meyer. H. 
Horstman, Ign. Steinhart, Emil Rohte, H. B. Russ, N. 
Ohlandt. I. N. Walter, and J. W. Van Bergen. 


532 California Street. 

Deposits. July l , 1903 S33, 041,290 

Paid-CJp Capital 1,000,000 

Reserve Fund 247,65" 

Contingent Fund 625,150 

E. B. POND, Pres. W. C. B. DE KREMERY. 

ROBERT WATT. Vice-Presdts. 

Cashier. Asst. Cashier, 

Directors— Henry F. Allen. Robert Watt, William A. 
Magee, George C. Boardman, W. C. B.deFremery, Fred 
H. Beaver, C. O. G. Miller, Jacob Barth, E. B. Pond. 


Mills Building:, 222 Montgomery St. 
Established March, 1S71. 

Authorized Capital SI ,000,000.00 

Paid-up Capital 300,000.00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits 200,000.00 

Deposits. June 30, 1903 4,128,660. I 1 

Interest paid on deposits. Loans made. 

William Babcock President 

S. L. Abbot, Jr .Vice-President 

FredW. Rav Secretary 

Directors— William Alvord, William Babcock, Adam 
Grant, R. H. Pease, L. F. Monteagle, S. L. Abbot, Jr., 
Warren D. Clark, E. J. McCutchen, O. D. Baldwin. 





Charles Carpy President 

Arthur Legalist Vice-President 

Leon Bocqueraz Secretary 

Directors— Sylvain Weill, J. A. Bergerot, Leon R"au(T- 
man, J. S. Godeau, J. E. Artigues. J. Jullien, J. M. 
Dupas. O. Bozio. J. B. Clot. 



42 Montgomery St., San Francisco 

Authorized Capital S3, 000, 000 

Paid-up Capital and Reserve 1,725,000 

Authorized to act as Executor, Administrator, Guard- 
ian, or Trustee. 

Check accounts solicited. Legal depository for money 
in Probate Court proceedings. Interest paid on Trust 
Deposits and Savings. Investments carefully selected. 

Officers— Frank J. Svmmes, President. Horace L. 
Hill, Vice-President. H. Brunner, Cashier. 



Capital, Surplus, and Undi- 
vided Profits 813,500,000.00 

Homer S. King, President. F. L. Lipman. 
Cashier. Frank B. King. Asst. Cashier. Jno. E. 
Miles, Asst. Cashier. 

Branches -New York ; Salt Lake, Utah ; Portland, 

Correspondents throughout the world. General bank- 
ing business transacted. 

Connecticut Fire Insurance Co. of Hartford 


Cash Capital #1,000,000 

Cash Assets 4,734,791 

Surplus to Policy-Holders 2,302.635 


Agent for San Francisco, Manager Pacific 

411 California Street. Department. 


Established 1889, 


Subscribed Capital SI 3.000, OOO.OO 

Paid In 2,250,000.00 

Profit and Reserve Fund... 300,000,00 

Monthly Income Over lOO. OOO.OO 


Secretary and General Manager. 

Romeike's Press Cutting Bureau 

Wilt send you all newspaper clippings which may 
appear about you, your friends, or any subject on 
which vou want to be " up to date." 

A large force in my New York office reads 650 daily 
papers and over 2,000 weeklies and magazines, in fact, 
every paper of importance published in (he foiled 
Stales, for 5,000 subscribers, and, through the Euro- 
pean Bureaus, all the leading papers in the civilized 

Clippings found for subscribers and pasted on slips 

fiving name and date of paper, and are mailed day 
y day. 
Write for circular and terms. 

HENRY ROMEIKE, 33 Union Squar 

Branches : 



January 4, 1904. 


Sydney Brooks says that, so tar as he 
knows. New York is without a single ladies' 
club which aims at being to a woman what a 
man's club is to a man. " In London." he 
continues, "thcreare seven or eight well estab- 
lished, select, and admirably managed clubs 
Of this description— the Alexandra. Eor in- 
stance, the Empress, the Victoria, the Green 
Park, and so on. All of these clubs art- in 
the West End, side by side with their mascu- 
line rivals, and the usual qualification for 
membership is eligibility for presentation at 
II, M.'s Drawing-Room.' The Victoria, which 
aims mainly at supplying a town house and a 
permanent town address for country numbers 
goes a little beyond this in restricting itself to 
' gentlewomen of no profession or calling." 
Tin- subscription to these clubs strikes an 
American as wonderfully moderate. I think 
$50 entrance-fee and $50 subscription is the 
highest. The average, perhaps, is from $30 
to ?.;?. For this a woman may gel all. or 
nearly all. the conveniences that a man de- 
rives from his clubs. The appointments, of 
course, are more delicate and better cared for. 
but the general mechanism is the same — the 
same dining and reception rooms, and. in the 
majority of clubs, the same smoking-room. 
At 'he best ladies" clubs a member may also 
rind a bedroom. The Alexandra, for instance, 
has ten. and can also accommodate three 
ladies' maids, and the Green Park has six." 

Jacob French, \\ ho writes about Japanese 
geisha-girls in a current magazine, declares 
that the stories of " the most unheard of 
OTgies" told by "imaginative globe-trotters" 
.mssly false." "If these travelers." he 
continues. " saw such revolting sights among 
the homeless harridans and wastrels of sea- 
porl towns, they should have been more ac- 
curate in designating them, for these wretched 
mortals were not geishas." Mr. French thinks 
that " as the pagan society of Japan is or- 
ganized, the geishas are simply indispensable." 
Since " the wife as a social unit is completely 
submerged, it follows that others of her sex 
must take her place socially, and in this office 
the geisha-girls play an important role. Xo 
matter how gay or even wanton the Japanese 
husband may be. his wife must remain leal 
and devoted to htm. If she does not. he 
divorces her without much ceremony and with 
no alimony. When he fares forth socially, he 
does not take her with him." Therefore, the 
geishas " serve as social substitutes for those 
wives, sisters, and daughters who are not 
allowed to be present at a dinner-party in a 
Japanese nobleman's home, much less in a 
tea-house." The writer admits that " no small 
number " of the geishas are to be " ranked 
among fallen women." but not all. Their 
usual function is to lend life, color, and gayety 
to social gatherings. " At a dinner in a ' tea- 
house ' for four guests, you would want, if 
you adhered to conventions, four maikos 
( apprentices") and two gc ishas, for, say, 
three hours: and the repast if elaborate and 
in a first-class resort, including tips and every- 
thing, would cost abput seven dollars. 
The geishas are not only encased to enter- 
tain at tea-houses and private dinners given 
by noblemen, but they are often invited as 
companions to enliven box-parties in the 
theatres. In that way. acain. they act as 
social substitutes. And. however loose may 
be their talk, the geishas are always modest 
in their actions." The geishas also occupy 
a large place as a commercial factor. A 
wholesale merchant who wishes to sell a large 
bill of poods invites the prospective buyer to 
a smart dinner with several pretty geishas. 
"Nearly all the important merchants have a 
ceisha in their employ at a monthly salary. 
" And politics Mr. French. " the 

geisha is a connecting link, a sort of Mme. 
de Pompadour, between the commonalty and 
the ruling powers." 

\n American woman resident in a Paris 

hotel, bitterly complains that she loses 

"twenty four hours out ol each week saying 

morning and good-ei enini to the men. 

women, Uttle children. nI her." 

after the elaborate fashion of the French 

"If you • 
twenty -fiv( times in the she says. 

"you must each time smile rapturous! 
at least shake hands if you do not kl! CCn 
1 -ly inquire bow In ..t she is ' going.' 
niously bid him or hi 
.it parting, nd woman 

all 'In jitili . bildren toddle 
[ exact I In- same 
my. '1 I" n every well-rcgu- 
lated French famil) who ni..r<' than 

likely a plate 

..i) .it thl table, so 

■ li if you do not also slop and t--'I the 
dog '■"" four and nu revoii -\ dozei 
1 day, pausing to 1 which lie is 

pn nil', ta ight to extend to you. When 

the washerwoman brings home your linen. 

there are at I eat 

■ . ting from her. 

era:i< nd paying for 

exel and pardons 

n ten times. 
- tradesman who 

ness with you throughout the* day you simi- 
larly receive with bon jour, monsieur. ,and 
■iu rcvoir, monsieur, and you thank him and 
beg his pardon as often as you can possibly 
get the words into the length of time he has 
to stay. Then the servants regularly employed 
about the house are eternally appearing and 
demanding bon jours and pardons and 
mercies. This last word is so constantly in 
use among the French that it keeps up a sort 
of hissing sound which disturbs American 
nerves a little until one grows accustomed 
to it." 

" In writing, the language becomes even 
more awful than the spoken form in its con- 
sumption of time and patience. I shudder to 
think what would be the figures resulting if 
the cost of French politeness were to be in- 
vestigated and stated in economic terms. 
Does your dentist give you an appointment, 

he writes that ' Dr. will have the honor 

to receive Mme. at such and such hour.' 

Do you send a postal-card to the Bon Marche. 
ordering some samples of embroidery silk, 
vou receive in response a letter in which Mme. 
Veuve Aristide Eoucicault et Messieurs Fillot 
Ricns Lucet et Cie. beg to inform you of the 
great pleasure and honor you have done them 
in commanding samples of embroidery silk: 
they beg you kindly to accept the same, which 
they have the happiness to present to you 
inclosed, and. in concluding, they further beg 
you agreeably to accept the assurance of their 
most distinguished sentiments. Your milk- 
man, rendering your monthly bill, asks you 
to ' kindly accept, madame. the expression of 
our earnest regard.' This from your milkman, 
and your dealings with butcher, baker, coal- 
man, proceed on the same basis of polite cere- 
mony. If you are writing a note to your 
laundress, you begin by addressing her as 
' Madame.' and when you have prayed her to 
be so amiable as to return the three stockings 
and six handkerchiefs which she has un- 
happily withheld the week past, you conclude 
with some sort of conveyance of your ' most 
distinguished sentiments.' " 

Indecency in the dress of women was the 
theme of the Rev. Dr. Joseph McMahon, in 
a lecture in New York the other day. "In 
the most degraded days of France," he de- 
clared. " the gowns of women were not nearly 
so low. so given to falling away, as is con- 
sidered pood form in society now." Then he 
described the dress of the French Revolution 
as " unspeakable." And he went on to in- 
timate that history will again repeat itself in 
our land and day. "We know the style of 
costume that existed in France. Tt does not 
bear description here, although in the social 
world it is tolerated and even considered good 
form. There is a mere pretence of being 
covered — a mere pretence. Go out into public 
places, down among the Christmas shoppers, 
and you will find ladies wearing costumes 
fitted only for the drawing-room, the salon, 
the opera, or at most for a carriage. What 
does it indicate? A lack of balance. It shows 
an extravagance that borders on the criminal. 
When the philosopher studies this he finds 
no idea of impropriety, no sense of immodesty 
or sensuality in the wearer in many cases, 
but he finds always that slavish condition that 
can not long last with immunity. Such dress 
dulls the modesty, lessens true womanliness, 
initiates a propensity to sensuality. It is in- 
troducing, one by one. modes which are blow- 
ing out the light of decency." 

ceptionally good marking, length of tails, 
color and brilliance of eyes, and tameness. 
Mice come to maturity in about ten weeks, 
and start breeding at about three months. The 
proper way to handle a mouse is to lift it by 
its tail. 

Judging from the following advertisement 
in the Irish Times, the servant difficulty can 
not be much felt in Ireland. Domestic help 
of any kind must be cheap, if there is any 
chance of obtaining the services of a lady 
with all these qualifications at thirty dollars 
a year: " A young lady help wanted, not over 
thirty; nothing menial ; servant kept : must 
know how to cook, and be good at needle- 
work : treated as member of family ; prefer- 
ence to one out before; replies to state age. 
copy reference, and enclose stamp ; nice part 
of Dublin; 10s. per month given and laundry. 
Address," etc. 

He never did : Hamphat — " My poor, old 
Uncle Richley is dying. Years ago he told me 
if I became an actor he would disown me." 
Crittiek — "Lucky dog! You'll come in for a 
nice fortune, won't you?" — Ex. 


A Pure Straight Brand. 

A. P. Hotaling's Old Kirk Whisky has made 
friends with all who have tried it, which goes to 
show that there is room for a pure straight blend in 
the market We say it is the best. You try it and 
you will say the same. 

Tesla Briquettes are 
Excellent domestic fuel 
Since recently improved. 
Let us send you 
A ton — and please you. 

TKSI-A Coat. Co.. phone South 0,5. 


From Official Report of Alexander G. McAdie, 
District Forecaster. 

Max. Min. Rain- State of 

Tern. Tern. fall. Weather. 

December 23d 66 44 .00 Clear 

24th.... 60 52 .00 Clear 

25th — 5S 4S .00 Clear 

. 26th .... 60 46 .00 Clear 

" 27th ... 60 46 .00 Clear 

28th 58 46 .00 Clear 

" 29th.. ..60 46 .00 Clear 


Another clergyman who is concerned over 
women's ways is the Rev. Morcan Dix, pastor 
of Trinity Church, New York, who says: "I 
am sick at heart over the women. Man used 
to regard woman with such reverence. When 
T was a boy all boys of generous spirit looked 
up to her. In these days the women have 
come down to our level: they were womanly, 
and now they are ceasing to be. Nowadays 
they talk like men. and do all things that men 
do. Tf there is anything that men despise it 
is :i mannish woman. All this comes from 
leaving the womanly things of life and in- 
vading the sphere of men. Woman should 
i< vi r vote or be doctors, lawyers, or minis- 
i' re " 

The news 'bat the 1003 vintage of cham- 
n;tgnc has been a complete failure will strike 
dismay into the hearts of the British diner, 
says thr London Mail. Tt is true that no im- 
lack of this popular wine is to be 
anticipated, but the hotel and restaurant 
keepers and the wine merchants are making 
a not unreasonable use of their opportunity, 
.nid ;ir< putting up the price of thr earlier 


The transactions on the Stock and Bond Exchange 
for the week ending Tuesday, December 29. 1903. 
were as follows : 

Bonds. Closed 

Shares. Bid. Asked 

Hawaiian C. S. 5%. 2,000 @ 99 100 

Market St. Ry. 5%. 3,000 @ iij 113 

North Shore Ry 5% 1,000 @ 100K 101 

Pac. Elect. Ry. 5%. 10,000 @ 107^ 107 
S. P. R- of Arizona 

6% 1910 10,000 @ 10S- ioS% 10854 

S. P. R. of Cal. 5% 

Stpd 1,000 @ 107 % 107 107^ 

S. V. Water 6% 26.000 @ 106 106 

Stocks. Closed 

Water. Shares. Bid. Asked 

Spring Vall'yW.Co 392 @ &%- 39 &K 39# 

Street R. R. 

California St 30 @ 200 199 

Presidio 10 @ 40 38 41 


Giant Con 82 @ 62^-63 62 65 


Hawaiian S. C 15 © 44# 44K 45 

I HonokaaS. Co.... 335 @ 12^ i=H l$% 

! Hutchinson 10 @ <j}£ 

| Makaweli S. Co 10 @ 23 23 

Gas and Electric. 

Central L. & P 25 <5> 3^ 3^ 4 

1 Mutual Electric... 20 @ 8^- 9 7 10 

3. F.Gas&El'ctric 70 @ 64^-67 64 65 

Miscella neous. 

Alaska Packers ... 40 @ 140 141 

Cal. Wtne Assn 35 @ 91 J4 91 92 

Oceanic S. Co 60 @ 5 514 

The business for the week was small The water 
stocks kept steady, with no change worth men- 

The sugars were in small demand, less than 370 
shares changing hands at fractional declines. 

San Francisco Gas and Electric on sales of 70 
shares about held its own in price, closing at 64 bid, 
65 asked. The coriipany paid a dividend of $2.50 
per share on December 24, 1903. 

Die Stock and Hond Exchange adjourns from 
Thursday, December 31st, 1903. to January 4th, 
1904. at 10.30 A. M. call. 

England has a National Mouse \ssociation. 
with 'wo hundred members, who support a 

n.iiM r devoted entirely to the breeding of mice. 
n'd hold iti annual show, with a challenge 
run offered for the champion mouse. At the 
Walthamstow Fanciers' Show, recently, there 
was a mouse section, in which there were 
tries in competition for the four prizes. 
pcral of the mire exhibited were valued at 
fifty dollars Some very beautifully marked. 

■ - :1 colored, and dainty little mice were 

among the exhibits. In judging, marks were 
lmvcii for well-shaped heads, large bodies, ex- 


Local Stocks and Securities. Refer by permission 
to Wells Fargo & Co. and Anglo-Californian Banks. 

A. W. BLOW, 

Member Stock and Bond Exchange. 

A. W. BLOW & CO. 

Tel. Bush 74 •'*«•» Montgomery St.. s. F. 















Sidewalk and Garden-Walk a Specialty. 

Office, 307 Montgomery St., Nevada Block. S. F. 

ti£-i- — ^o- i.-syvxs-GZfr'e^i- 

Every genuine Hartshorn shade 
roller has the autograph eijri.a- 
ture of Stevnrt Harlshorn on 
label. Ask your dealer for the 


No tacks required to attach Ehorte. 
Wood Hollers. Tin Rollers. 


Pacific Coast Manage™ of 




Assets S3, 671, 795. 37 


San Francisco, Cal. 

Telephone Main 5710. 


1st — Reliable and definite policy contracts. 

2d— Superb indemnity— FIRE PROOF IN- 

3d— Quick and satisfactory adjustment of 

4th — Cash payment o( losses, on filing of 




a„ F rt or ^p'X.} 401=403 Sansome St. 

By special arrangement with the publishers, and 
by concessions in price on both sides, we are enabled 
to make the following offer, open to all subscribers 
direct to this office. Subscribers in renewing sub- 
scriptions to Eastern periodicals will please mention 
the date of expiration in order to avoid mistakes. 

Argonaut and Century 87.00 

Argonaut and Scribner's Magazine 6.25 

Argonaut and St. Nicholas 6.00 

Argonaut and Harper's Magazine 6.70 

Argonaut and Harper's "Weekly 6.70 

Argonaut and Harper's Bazaar 4.35 

Argonaut and "Weekly New York Trib- 
une (Republican) 4.50 

Argonaut and Thrice - a- "Week New 

York "World (Democratic) 4.25 

Argonaut, Weekly Tribune, and 

Weekly World 5.25 

Argonaut and Political Science Quar- 
terly 5.90 

Argonaut and English Illustrated 

Magazine 4.70 

Argonaut and Atlantic Monthly 6.70 

Argon nut and Judge. 7.50 

Argonaut and Blackwood's Magazine. 6.20 

Argonaut and Critic 5.10 

Argonaut and LiTe 7.75 

Argonaut and Puck 7.60 

Argonaut and Current Literature 5.90 

Argonaut and Nineteenth Century 7.25 

Argonaut and Argosy - 4.35 

Argonaut and Overland Monthly 4.25 

Argonaut and Review of Reviews 5.75 

Argonaut and LIppincott's Magazine.. 5.20 
Argonaut and North American Review 7.50 

Argonaut and Cosmopolitan 4.35 

Argonaut and Forum 6.00 

Argonaut and Vogue 6.10 

Argonaut and Littell's Living Age.... 9.00 

Argonaut and Leslie's Weekly 6.70 

Argonaut and International Magazine 4.50 

Argonaut and Mexican Herald 10.50 

Argonaut and Munsey's Magazine 4.35 

Argonaut and the Criterion 4.35 

Argonaut and the Out West 5.26 

January 4, 1904. 




Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise. 

W. B. Yeats, the Irish poet, tells a new 
story of Marion Crawford, the novelist. Ac- 
cording to Mr. Yeats, a lady asked Mr. Craw- 
ford if he thought that anything he had 
written would live after he had gone. 
" Madame," Crawford replied, " what I am 
trying to do is to write something that will 
enable me to live while I am here." 

Edmund Clarence Stedman, the poet, de- 
lighted in telling that while in France he was 
standing on a country road admiring the land- 
scape, when he noticed that the peasants who 
were passing doffed their hats to him. This 
attention was very flattering, until he dis- 
covered that he was standing in front of a 
roadside statue of the Virgin Mary, to which 
the peasants were showing their customary 

The late Sir Frederick Bramwell was 
famous both as a witness and arbitrator in 
engineering disputes. It is recalled that his 
brother, the late Lord Justice Bramwell, on 
giving advice to a young barrister, told him 
to be careful of four kinds of witnesses: First, 
of the liar; second, of the liar who could 
only be adequately described by the aid of a 
powerful adjective ; third, of the expert wit- 
ness ; and finally, of "my brother Fred." 

President Roosevelt has the reputation of 
telling every visitor who is admitted to his 
presence that he is " de-light-ed " to see him. 
A New York literary man, while waiting for 
an audience with the President, scornfully ex- 
pressed his disbelief of this habit. He looked 
chagrined when he returned from the audi- 
ence, and to a friend's inquiry as to whether 
President Roosevelt had expressed himself as 
" de-light-ed," he replied in disgust: "Yes 
— he said it four times in the four minutes I 
was with him." 

The fondness that some people have for 
contact with notables is not always shared by 
the notables themselves. It is told by the late 
Baron Huddleston that he once tried to obtain 
a seat next to a duke at the table d'hote in a 
hotel where both were guests. That this 
proximity to the great man might be brought 
about, the baron gave the waiter a sovereign. 
The servant proved a traitor, and an explana- 
tion being demanded, he confessed that the 
duke had given him two sovereigns not to give 
the baron the coveted seat. 

The editor of a Paris paper, recalling what 
Zola had done for Dreyfus, called upon the 
novelist to have him review the unfortunate 
captain's book, the history of his troubles. 
The visitor found him at the big table in his 
library, doing his day's work. " Review Cap- 
tain Dreyfus's book ! " he repeated, when the 
proposition was made to him. He got up and 
ambled round the table — a short man, with a 
stomach and no presence — grunting at inter- 
vals. Finally he said : " Why should I review 
his book? He never even read mine." 

The list of silent great men is a long one. 
Especially is this true of noted warriors. 
Wallenstein, Wellington, Von Moltke, Grant, 
Marlborough, Charlemange, Hannibal, Cxsar. 
all gave their orders in as few words as possi- 
ble, and demanded like brevity from their sub- 
ordinates. It is said that Marlborough never 
allowed more than a minute for a verbal re- 
port, and it is told of Von Moltke that when 
an aid-de-camp brought a written message 
that France had declared war, the great 
general simply ordered it filed in the " second 
pigeon-hole on the right, first tier." In that 
pigeon-hole were complete plans for the suc- 
cessful campaign that followed. 

Sir Tatton Sykes, who was in San Fran- 
cisco recently, revealed the fact in Chicago 
that he carries water from England with him 
on his travels, having supplies from home 
reach him by express at the different cities 
he visits. At the Chicago hotel which shel- 
tered him, he caused a protest from the 
waiters by carrying a spirit lamp into the din- 
ing-room with him and making his own tea at 
the table. His supply of English water was 
exhausted one Sunday morning, and until an 
express package containing several five-gallon 
bottles of distilled London fog arrived, late 
in the afternoon, Sir Tatton was the most 
perturbed man in the hotel. " You Chicagoans 
have beastly water," he said ; " I heard of it 
before I came here." 

Governor Taft, who sailed from Manila for 
the United States on December 23d, has 
worked one decided reform there : he has in- 
stilled a spirit of democracy, accompanied by 
handshakes, instead of kow-tows. When he 
went to the province of Bulacan to inaugurate 
a local civil government, he was attired in a 
suit of light linen instead of in the gorgeous 
habliments that the Filipinos expected to see 
him wear. He was met by the presidente of 
Malolos, who, bristling with dignity, medals, 
decorations, and gold braid, was waiting to 
greet Taft with befitting dignity. The presen- 

tation was made, and before the presidente 
could utter a word of his elaborate welcome, 
Taft grabbed him by the hand, and, with 
" How d'ye do? Glad to see you," nearly 
wrung it off. It made such an impression 
upon the local ruler that he discarded his 
gaudiness for plain linen clothing, and gave 
the " glad hand " everywhere he went, in 
imitation of Governor Taft. 

The advantage of beginning a career at an 
early age is shown by the precocity of Edward 
Penfield. the designer and illustrator — that is, 
if Mr. Penfield is to be believed. It is told 
of him that he was once showing a piece of 
his early work to a friend, who, knowing that 
Mr. Penfield is yet under forty, asked, in 
astonishment, at what age he began to study 
art. With seeming reluctance, Mr. Penfield 
gave the following explanation : " When a 
baby, I was left in a basket at the door of the 
Art Students' League. They took me in and 
gave me a bottle of Chinese-white and water. 
I cried for more, and so they set me to work." 

Princes — even crown princes — are not all 
free of parental rule. Kaiser Wilhelm be- 
lieves in the iron hand in household as well 
as state affairs, as Crown Prince Frederick 
William has found to his discomfort. The 
Kaiser dislikes horse-racing, especially steeple- 
chasing, and forbade the crown prince to 
indulge in the sport. He disobeyed, and the 
punishment inflicted by his royal father was 
the young man's confinement to his room. The 
crown prince's inclinations toward disobedience 
are probably hereditary. The Kaiser was a small 
and saucy boy at the time the present king 
and queen of England were married, and was 
an interested spectator of the ceremony. He 
was also a rather noisy one, so the Duke of 
Connaught, his uncle, administered a quiet 
but forcible spanking. 1 he future kaiser did 
not whimper, but sliding quietly to the floor, 
he closed his teeth on the calf of his uncle's 
leg with such energy that he drew blood. 


Ncwspaperdom relates a story of a new re- 
porter on a sensational New York daily, who 
one day called up his chief by telephone for 
instructions as to what he should do. It was 
in the days when the yellow-journalism craze 
was at its height, and the battle for " news " 
was fierce. The city editor asked the reporter 
to hold the wire a minute till he saw if he 
had anything to be looked after in that section 
of the city. Then these instructions came over 
the wire : " Summers, a prominent, wealthy, 
young fellow named Stuart was up in the 
West Side police court for drunkenness this 
morning. He pleaded to have his name kept 
out of the newspapers for fear that his mother 
would hear of it. She has heart trouble, and 
he says the shock would kill her. Go over to 

her house at West Seventy-Second Street, 

and tell her about it. See if you can't kill 
her. We need news." Click. He hung up 
the receiver. But fortunately the lady was in 

Actors and actresses do not always allow 
for the fact that " property " weather does not 
invariably agree with the thermometer. Beer- 
bohm Tree tells that Once, when he was play- 
ing before a New York audience, the scene 
represented intense cold. Mr. Tree's lines 
called for remarks upon the frigidity of the 
atmosphere, and as he delivered them he drew 
a handkerchief from his pocket and wiped 
from his face the perspiration that had been 
induced by the heavy fur overcoat he was 
wearing. Kathryn Kidder made an equally 
ridiculous error once. She had the part of 
a worker in a laundry, and was busily engaged 
in ironing when a stray cat walked onto the 
stage. Miss Kidder, to give a touch of do- 
mesticity to the scene, picked up the cat, 
petted her, and put her down on the nearest 
place at hand. Suddenly there was a ripple 
of laughter in the audience, and Miss Kidder 
instinctively looked for the cat. She saw her 
curled up sleeping where she had put her — 
among the irons on the supposedly red-hot 

Our Beautiful Language. 

A boy who swims may say he's swum, but 
milk is skimmed and seldom skum, and nails 
you trim, they are not trum. 

When words you speak, these words are 
spoken, but a nose is tweaked and can't be 
twoken, and what you seek is never soken. 

If we forget, then we've forgotten, but 
things we wet are never wotten, and houses 
let can not be lotten. 

The goods one sells are always sold, but 
fears dispelled are not dispold, nor what you 
smell is never smoled. 

When young, a top you oft saw spun, but 
did you see a grin e'er grun or a potato neatly 
skun ? —Tit-Bits. 

The Perfection 

of a pure, rich, unsweetened condensed milk is 
Borden's Peerless Brand Evaporated Cream. It is 
always available for every use to which raw milk or 
cream is devoted, and is far superior to the average 
quality of either. Prepared by Borden's Condensed 
Milk Co. 

Dr. Charles W. Decker, Dentist, 

Phelan Building, 806 Market Street. Specialty : 
" Colton Gas" for the painless extracting of teeth. 

Tale of a Martyr. 
Miss Sophronia Jennie Moddle 
Studied hygienic twaddle, 
Till she got it in her noddle 

That she couldn't live on food — 
And she used to sit and ponder 
On the happy Over- Yonder 
Where the hosts angelic wander, 

And on such things she would brood. 

Nothing not by art digested 
Miss Sophronia molested, 
And she got herself infested 

With the cerealitis fad, 
Till the little wit created 
In her skull evaporated, 
And her common sense was slated 

To go slumping to the bad. 

She ate hay and wheat and barley, 
She chewed soap-nuts small and gnarly, 
With a steak she ne'er would parley, 

Nor with solid stuff like that; 
But she stuck with grim persistence 
To her predigest existence, 
And she fought with firm resistance 

All temptation to get fat. 

So in course of time she grew to 
Be a part of what she's chew to — 
Ready Oats she ate at 2:02 

And Aseptic bran at 4; 
At just 5 she'd eat her dinner 
Of Dust-Corn (that was a winner!). 
As she kept on growing thinner 

She asepticized the more! 

Well, this tale must have an ending, 
And it is no use pretending 
That the end we are intending 

Is a triumph, for it aint; 
Miss Sophronia Jennie Moddle, 
With her hygienic twaddle. 
Through eternity will toddle 

As a predigested saint. 

— Baltimore News. 

The Norsk Nightingale. 
Speak yentle — it ban better far 

To rule by love dan fear; 
Ef yu speak rough, yu stand nice chance 

To get good smash on ear. 

Speak yentle to the coal man— he 

Ban easy to get mad; 
Ef yu ant getting any coal. 

By Yinger, dat ban bad! 

Speak yentle to poleesman, til— 

Ay know he ban mean pup: 
But vat's the use to taling him 

Ven yu skol get locked up? 

Speak yentle to the alderman 

Ven he ban feeling blue, - 
And maybe, ven he turn gude trick. 

He skol whack up with yu! 

Speak yentle to your lady frends 

And give gude lots of bunk, 
Ef yu skol lak to getting chance 

To put yure clothes in trunk! 

Speak yentle to Vim Veffries, tu. 
Ay tank dis ban gude hunch — 

Den yu ant need to put yure face 
On Maester Yeffries's punch ! 


Speak yentle everyvhere ; 

An people skol forget 
That yu ban watching for gude chance 

To finning every bet! 

— Milwaukee Sentinel. 

The Grafter's Seven Stages. 
All the world is graft, 
And all the people in it merely grafters 
Whose hopes are set on public offices, 
And one man in his time gets many snaps 
If he can pull the wires. At first the heeler 
Doing the dirty work his boss lays out, 
And then the party leader in his precinct, 
Delivering the vote as he may think 
His interests demand. And then appointed 
A member of some board where he has power 
To vote on contracts and secure a rake-off 
For his own profit. Then a member 
Of the State legislature, or perhaps 
A candidate for mayor or for sheriff, 
Seeking to be " honored by the people " 
And to spread his graft. And then on Con- 
He cocks his weather eye and pulls the strings 
Until, with polished manner and well-clothed 
He stands before the public as a " statesman " 
And works the mileage racket and gets 
In on the ground floor when big deals are 

By Wall Street gentlemen. The Senate next, 
Where, dignified, he dozes at his desk 
And dreams of public lands which he 
To benefit himself 1 or let his friends 
Have for their private gain; post-offices 
He hands around to those he thinks may help 
Him when the " grateful people " are implored 
To " honor him " once more. Last graft of all, 
A public sinecure somewhere for life, 
When he's too old to mingle with the boys, 
So he may still keep one hand in the crib 
And sink down through the unrelenting years 
Sans work, sans care, sans everything but graft. 
— Chicago Record-Herald. 

nay use 



From New York Saturdays at 9.30 a. m. 

St- Louis Jan. 9 I St. Paul Jan 23 

New York Jan. 16 | Philadelphia Jan 30 

Philadelphia— Queeiistown — Liverpool. 
Haverford... .Jan. 9, 3 pm j Friesland Jan. 23, 1.30pm 
Noordland....Jan. 16,9 am | Merion Jan. 30, 8.30am 



Mesaba Jan. 9, 9 am 

Menominee Jan. 16, 9 am 

Minnetonka j an . 23,9 am 

Minneapolis Jan. 30, 3 pm 

Only first-class passengers carried. 


Portland -Liverpool- Short sea passage. 

.Jan. 23 I Dominion Feb. 27 

....Feb. 6 I Canada March 12 


Sailing Saturdays at 10.30 a m. 

Vaderland Jan. 9 I Zeeland" Jan. 23 

Kroonland Jan. 16 [ Finland Jan 30 



Majestic Jan. 6, 10am j Cedric Jan 27, noon 

Celtic Jan. 13,2 pm Majestic Feb. 3, 10 am 

Teutonic Jan. 20, 10 am | Oceanic Feb. io, 1 p m 

Boston— (J ue ens town -Liverpool. 

Cymric Jan. 21, Feb. 18, March 17 

Cretic Feb. 4, March 3, March 31 

Boston Mediterranean DJ «ct 


Romanic Jan. 16, Feb. 27, April 9 

Canopic Jan. 30, Mar. 12 

Republic (new) Keb. 13, Mar. 26 

C. U. TAYLOK, Passenger Agent, Pacific Coast, 
21 Post Street. San Francisco. 

Occidental and Oriental 


Steamers leave Wharf corner First and Brannan 
Streets, at 1 P. M., (or 

Honolulu. YOKOHAMA, Kobe, Nagasaki, Shanghai 
and HONG KONG, as follows: 1904 

Coplic Friday, Jan. 15 

Gaelic Wednesday, Feb. IO 

Doric (Calling at Manila) Saturday, Mch 5 

No cargo received on board on day of sailing. 
Round-Trip Tickets at reduced rates. 
For freight and passage apply at company's office, 
No. 421 Market Street, corner First Street 

D. D. STUBBS, General Manager. 







Steamers will leave Wharf, corner First and Brannan 
Streets, 1 p. m. lor YOKOHAMA and HONG KONG 
calling at Kobe (Hiogo), Nagasaki, and Shanghai and 
connecting at Hong Kong with steamers for India etc 
No cargo received on board on day of sailing. 1904 

America fllaru ..Monday, January 2 5 

Hongkong: Maru ...Wednesday, February 17 

Nippon Maru Tuesday, March 15 

(Calling at Manila.) 
Via Honolulu. Round-trip tickets at reduced rates 
For freight and passage apply at company's office, 
421 Market Sneet. corner First. 

W. H. AVEKY, General Agent. 


Sierra, 6200 tons | Sonoma, 6200 tons | Ventura, 6200 tons 

S. S. Mariposa, for Tahiti, Jan. 6, 1904, at 11 a. h, 
S. S. Alameda, for Honolulu only, Jan. 9, 1904, 

at 11 a. m. 
S. S. Sonoma, for Honolulu, Pago Pago, Auckland. 

and Sydney, Thursday, Jan. 21, 1904, at 2 p. m. 

J. I). Spreckels & Bros. Co., Agts., 643 Market 

Street. Freight Office, 329 Market St., San Francisco. 


Persons who may desire to obtain clippings 01 
entire articles from European newspapers and re- 
views, on any topic, such as reviews of books, criti- 
cisms of plays, scientific articles, diseussions of en- 
gineering works, technical studies, such as electrical 
works, etc.. can secure them at moderate rates by 


■i 1 Buulevard niontmarbre, 


a new and original process through which we 
are enabled to save over 50 per cent, of the pic- 
tures formerly lost by under exposure. Each film 
is developed separately, thus making it possible 
to assure the correct treatment for every ex- 
posure. There is no increase in cost ; simply 
more satisfaction to our patrons. Let us de- 
velop your next roll. Kirk, Geary & Co., " Every- 
thing in Photography," 112 Geary Street, San 


lished 1876 — iS,ooo volumes. 

1865—38,000 volumes. 

lishcd 1S55, re-inco rporated 1869 - 108.000 volumes. 

Sutter Street, established 1852—80 ,000 volumes. 

June 7. 1879—146,297 volumes. 


Most striking effects are produced by pn 
mounted on harmonious tinted raw ^ 
—greens, grays, black, and red; mos 
artistic for a vecy moderate ..mi ■ 
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January 4, 1904. 

Notes and Gossip. 

The engagement is announced of Miss 
MabeJ Guff, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Will- 
iam Guff, and Mr. John Wilson. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Bes- 
sie Gowan, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Edward 
Gowan. and Mr. Thomas Haskins, of the 
diplomatic service, who is stationed at Pekin. 

The engagement is announced of Miss 
Kathro Burton, daughter of Colonel George 
H. Burton, U. S. A., who was formerly in- 
spector-general of the Department of Cali- 
fornia, and Lieutenant George Morris Lee, 
Fourth Cavalry, U. S. A., son of General and 
Mrs. Fitzhugh Lee. 

The date for the wedding of Miss Louise 
Heppner. daughter of Mrs. Charles H. Wilson, 
and Mr. Milton E. Unger, is set for January 

The marriage of Miss Isabel McKenna. 
daughter of Justice McKenna and Mrs. Mc- 
Kenna, and Mr. Pitts Dufneld, will take place 
at the home of the bride's parents in Washing- 
ton. D. C„, at noon on January 6th. 

The wedding of Miss Grace Maynard, 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James Maynard, 
and Lieutenant Edward Philip Tompkinson, 
II. M. X.. took place Tuesday morning at the 
home of the bride's parents, 1241 Leaven- 
worth Street. The ceremony was performed 
by the Rev. Mr. Bours. 

The marriage of Mrs. Lena A. Underbill, 
daughter of Judge George W. Schell. and Mr. 
Henry Guest Dickson, of New York, took 
place last Saturday at the residence of the 

Mrs. Charles W. Slack will receive on 
Tuesdays in January at her home, 2224 Sacra- 
mento Street. 

Mrs. Bowie-Diet rick gave a dance and 
" winter picnic " at her Jackson Street resi- 
dence, on Tuesday evening, in honor of her 
niece, Miss Helen Bowie, and Miss Gertrude 
Hyde- Smith. Others present were Miss Ethyl 
Hager, Miss Virginia JolifTe, Miss Bessie Cole. 
Miss Ethel Cooper. Miss Suzanne Blanding. 
Miss Grace Buckley. Miss Violet Buckley. 
Miss Mayltta Pease. Miss Alice Sprague, Miss 
Frances Harris. Miss Emily Wilson, Miss 
Elsie Tallant, Miss Frances McKinstry, Miss 
Dorothy Gittings, Miss Anne Worcester, Miss 
Pearl Landers. Miss Alice Sullivan, Miss 
Grace Martin, Mr. Harry Stetson, Mr. Gerald 
Buckley. Mr. John Polhemus, Mr. Lloyd Rob- 
bins. Mr. Edwin McAfee, Mr. Cary Van Fleet, 
Mr, Frank Glass, Mr. William Horn, Mr. 
William Collier, Mr. Gerald Rathbom;. Mr. 
Ferd Reis, Mr. Athole McBean, Captain Kil- 
burn. Dr. Pressley, Mr. Philip Paschel. Mr. 
Allen Wright, Mr. Hamilton Bowie, Mr. 
Addison Mizner, Mr. Redick Duperu, Mr. 
Robert Greer. Mr. Wilberforce Williams, and 
Mr. Bayard Moulder. 

Mrs. William J. Dutton and Miss Gertrude 
Dutton will receive on New Year's Day from 
four to six. Assisting in receiving will be 
Mrs. Malcolm Henry. Mrs. Henry Foster Dut- 
ton. Mrs. Harry Macfarlane, Miss Jennie 
Blair. Miss Katharine May Dillon, Miss Edna 
Middleton. Miss Maylita Pease, Miss Florence 
Bailey, and Miss Bessie Wilson. 

A tea was given last Sunday afternoon by 
Mrs. William B. Wilshire and Miss Jane Wil- 
shire, in honor of Mrs. Wilshire's niece. Miss 
Clara Carpenter, of Los Angeles. Those who as- 
sisted in receiving were Miss Carpenter. Miss 
Maye Colburn, Miss Helen de Young, Miss 
Constance de Young, Miss Grace Buckley, 
Miss Lucy King, Miss Violet Buckley, Miss 
Ardella Mills, Miss Elizabeth Cole, and Miss 
Florence 1 lole. 

A tea was givten by Mrs. Henry Foster Dut- 

"toi Saturday last in honor of Mrs. Dut- 

ton's sister, Mrs. Henry Macfarlane, of Hono- 
lulu. Those who assisted in receiving were 
Mrs. William Lindsay Spencer, Mrs. John 
G. Clark, Mrs. Karle E. Brownell, Miss 
Blair, Miss Marietta Havens, Miss 

lv--ii Wilson. Mis-, Florence Bailey, Miss 

Maye Colburn, Mi^> [Catherine Dillon, Miss 

Patricia CoSgraVC, M iss l ierlnule Dutton. 

Miss Frances Harris. Mis- Bessie Cole, Miss 
Maylita Pease, Miss Ardella Mills, and Miss 

Gertrude Van Wyck. 

Mrs. lames Follis gave a children's Christ- 
mas party for lor young son. Master Ralph 
'.win FolliS. About twenty children were en- 
tertain' d. 

Mrs. lierrii Lansing gave a luncheon at the 
University Club on Tuesday. Others at table 

The Old Reliable 





ere is no substitute 

were Mrs. Grayson Dutton, Mrs. George 
Moore. Mrs. George Pope. Mrs. J. J. Moore, 
Miss Gertrude Van Wyck, Miss Perris Cole- 
man, Miss Mabel Toy. Baroness Nugent, Mrs. 
Leonard Chenery, Miss Alice Sullivan, Mrs. 
Seward W. McNear, Miss Charlotte Lally, 
Mrs. Burns MacDonald, Mrs. Henry Foster 
Dutton, Mrs. Harry Macfarlane, Miss Borel, 
Miss Sophie Borel, Miss Lottie Woods, Miss 
Florence Gibbons, Mrs. Horace Davis, Mrs. 
Frank P. Wilson, Miss Maylita Pease, Miss 
Katherine Dillon, Mrs. Josephine de Greayer, 
Mrs. Alexander D. Keyes, Mrs. Adam Grant, 
Miss Amy Porter, Mrs. Hilda MacDonald 
Baxter, Miss Maye Colburn, Miss Gertrude 
Dutton, Mrs. Philip King Brown, Mrs. S. 
Parker Currier, and Mrs. Warren Clark. 

A hop was given on the evening of Decem- 
ber 23d by the Bachelors' mess at the Mare 
Island Navy Yard. 

A luncheon was given by Mrs. John F. 
Boyd at the University Club on Thursday in 
honor of Mrs. D. D. Colton. 

Mrs. George C. Boardman gave a tea on 
Wednesday at her residence, 2885 Washing- 
ton Street, in honor of Miss Bernie Drown. 

Mrs. Henry E. Huntington gives a tea on 
January 1st, at which her youngest daughter. 
Miss Marion Huntington, makes her formal 
debut. Those who will assist in receiving are 
Miss Huntington, Miss Marion Huntington, 
Mrs. Morton Gibbons, Mrs. John D. Spreck- 
els, Jr., Miss Minnie Rodgers, Miss Ardella 
Mills, Miss Elizabeth Mills, Miss Margery 
Gibbons, Miss Florence Gibbons, Miss Eliza- 
beth Allen, Miss Ruth Allen, Miss Helen 
Murison, Miss Margaret Wilson, Miss Kathryn 
Herrin, Miss Elsie Tallant, Miss Helen In- 
gram Baily, and Miss Elsie Dorr. 

Mrs. John Charles Adams gave a luncheon 
'at the University Club on Wednesday in honor 
of Mrs. Malcolm Henry. Covers were laid for 
nearly a hundred. 

Mr. James D. Phelan will give a dinner in 
the Red Room of the Bohemian Club on Jan- 
uary 5th. in honor of his niece. Miss Alice 

Mrs. Silas Henry Palmer will receive on the 
second Friday in January at her residence on 
Washington Street and Van Ness Avenue. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Wright Downey will 
receive at their new residence, 2537 Van Ness 
Avenue, on the second Friday of each month. 

A tea will be given by Miss Amy Gunn on 
Friday, January 1st, in honor of Miss Elsie 

A tea will be given by Mrs. George Gibbs 
on Saturday, January 2d, in honor of her 
niece. Miss Kane. 

A reception was given by Mrs. Thomas 
Darragh on Sunday afternoon for her niece, 
Miss Mabel Bacon, of Santa Barbara. Those 
who assisted in receiving were Mrs. Redmond 
Payne, Mrs. Oscar Beatty, Mrs. Gustavus 
Brown, Mrs. William Spencer, Miss Alice 
Sprague, and Miss Gertrude Dutton. 

Miss Charlotte Ellinwood will entertain 
many friends on New Year's Day at her resi- 
dence at the corner of Pacific Avenue and 
Devisadero Street. 

Miss M. E. Callaghan gave a luncheon at 
her Pacific Avenue residence on Tuesday in 
honor of Mrs. Eleanor Martin and Mrs. D. 
D. Colton. of Washington, D. C. Others at 
table were Mrs. A. H. Voorhies, Mrs. Henry 
McLean Martin, Mrs. Francis J. Sullivan, 
Mrs. O. P. Evans, Mrs. John F. Boyd, Mrs. 
James Irvine, Miss Mollie Phelan, Mrs. Thur- 
low McMullin, Mrs. Pettigrew, Mrs. W. W. 
Deamer, Miss Florence Mullins, Miss Kate 
Mihan. and Miss Helen Pettigrew. 

Miss Maye Colburn gave a dinner on Tues- 
day evening at her residence, 1 1 1 7 Hyde 
Street, in honor of Mrs. Harry Macfarlane. 
Others at table were Mrs. Lyman Colburn, 
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Foster Dutton, Dr. and 
Mrs. John G. Clark, Mr. and Mrs. Will- 
iam Lindsay Spencer, Major William Steph- 
enson, U. S. A., Mr. Emerson Warfield, and 
Mr. Frank Owens, 

Mr. John F. Harrold recently gave a dinner 
in New York at his apartments in the Hat- 
field House in honor of Mrs. Robert Louis 
Stevenson. Others at table, most of whom 
are California writers, were Mr. and Mrs. 
Emery Pottle, Mrs. Frank Norris, Miss Ger- 
aldine Bonner, Mr. Gelett Burgess, Mr. J. 
O'Hara Cosgrave, Mr. Lloyd Osbourne, and 
Mr. Edward Leventritt. 

Mr. and Mrs. M. H. de Young give an ex- 
travaganza. " The Colorado Belle," written 
by Mr. Will Irwin and Mr. Ernest Simp- 
son, at their residence on New Year's 
eve. Among those in the cast were Mrs. Mark 
Gerstle, Mrs. J. D. Spreckels, Jr., Miss Ardella 
Mills, Miss Ethyl Hager, Miss Lucie King. 
Miss Jane Wilshire. Miss Helen Wagner. Miss 
Constance de Young, Miss Kathleen de Young. 
Miss Pearl Landers, Mr. Charles de Young, 
Mr. Charles Shea. Mr. William H. Smith, Mr. 
Dick Hotaling, Mr. John Wilson. Mr. Joseph 
Rosborough, Mr. Addison Mizner. Mr. Bur- 
bank Somers, :»nd Mr. Emerson Warfield. 

The grandest view of Central California 
is From the top of Mt. Tamalpais, which over- 
looks the bay and its cities, the ocean and 
the coast, both north and south. The ride up 
the crookedest road in the world is extremely 
picturesque, and the Tavern at the top of the 
mountain is a famous hostelry, visited by hun- 
dreds of tourists. 

The School of Design. 
The- California School of Design, which 
closed for the Christmas vacation with an un- 
usually large attendance, reopens for the sec- 
ond term on January 4th. Arrangements have 
been made for a series of lectures on the 
history of art, which, combined with the 
regular lectures on anatomy and on perspec- 
tive, will render this department of the school 
very attractive. Another development of the 
school will be a normal course for the benefit 
of those students who desire to prepare them- 
selves for the profession of teaching. This 
extension will prove valuable, not only to art 
students individually, but to the educational 
interests of the State as well. 

The San Mateo Hunt Meets. 
The meets of the San Mateo County 
Hunt during the month of January will be : 
Saturday. January 2d, Crossways ; Wednesday, 
January 6th, kennels ; Saturday, January oth, 
Tanforan ; Wednesday, January 13th, polo 
field; Saturday, January 16th, Belmont; 
Wednesday, January 20th, Milbrae Dairy ; Sat- 
urday, January 23d. Crossways Farm ; Wednes- 
day, January 27th, Laurel Creek; Saturday, 
January 30th, Burlingame Club. 

Joseph B. Crockett, long connected with the 
gas and electric light business in San Fran- 
cisco, died of heart trouble on December 24th, 
at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Laurance I. 
Scott, at San Mateo. Mr. Crockett was a 
native of St. Louis, was fifty-three years of 
age, and had been a resident of California 
since 1859. He went into the gas business im- 
mediately upon his arrival here, and up to two 
years ago, when he was forced to resign on 
account of ill health, was at the head of the 
San Francisco Gas and Electric Company. 
For many years he was president of the San 
Francisco Gas Light Company. He is sur- 
vived by a widow, Mrs. Caroline M. Crockett ; 
a daughter, Mrs. Laurance I. Scott ; and three 
sisters, Mrs. J. T. Grim wood, Mrs. Kate 
Ritter, and Miss Emma Crockett. 

The White Star Line, already celebrated 
for eclipsing records as regards size of steam- 
ers, recently launched another palatial vessel 
— larger even than the Celtic and Cedric — 
now running in the Atlantic trade. It is called 
the Baltic, and is from Harland & Wolff's 
yard, at Belfast. It is the largest and, in many 
respects, the finest vessel afloat ; her great 
size making it possible to add improvements 
even beyond the other vessels of this type, 
in which the shipbuilder's art has already 
obtained such a high standard of excellence. 
The dimensions of the Baltic are as follows : 
Length, 725 feet 9 inches; breadth, 75 feet; 
depth, 49 feet. Her gross tonnage will be 
nearly 23,000 ; her capacity for cargo about 
28,000 tons, and the displacement at her load 
draft about 40,000 tons. 

Dr. David Starr Jordan has promised to 
edit a number of the Chaparral, the funny 
paper of Stanford University. Full control 
will be surrendered to him by " Ike " Rus- 
sell, the under-graduate editor, and for a 
brief time early next semester the learned 
president will hold the weapon of josh and 
ridicule in his own hand. Those who have 
already promised to assist him are Professor 
Albert W. Smith, head of the department 
of mechanical engineering ; Dr. O. L. El- 
liott, registrar of the university ; and Asso- 
ciate Professor A. G. Newcomer, of the de- 
partment of English. Dr. Jordan himself 
writes as humorously as he speaks, and the 
general idea is that there is something good 
in store for the under-graduates. 

The Italian publisher. Sonzogno, who re- 
cently offered a $10,000 prize for the best 
opera, took special precautions that it should 
not go to a German. Humperdinck, who was 
one of the judges, complains that the German 
manuscripts were not sent to him, but to an 
Italian who does not understand a word of 
German ! The result was that among the four- 
teen operas designated as worthy of note not 
one was by a German. In the manuscripts 
submitted to him, Humperdinck found very 
little merit. One thing that struck him was 
the evidence in most of the scores that the 
" Veristic " school of Mascagni and Leon- 
cavallo has had its day ; their works no longer 
serve as models. 

The highest salaried woman at the Pension 
Bureau in Washington, D. C. is Miss Annie 
Shirley, whom Commissioner Ware has pro- 
moted to a place which pays $1,800 a year. 
Only one other woman has received so large 
a salary. Miss Shirley was appointed a clerk 
in the bureau about twenty-five years ago. 
During the greater part of her service she has 
been attached to the office of the chief clerk. 
For many years "she has made up the bureau 


The skin ought to be 
clear ; there is nothing 
strange in a beautiful face. 

If we wash with proper 
soap, the skin will be open 
and clear, unless the 
health is bad. A good 
skin is better than a 

The soap to use is 
Pears'; no free alkali in it. 
Pears', the soap that 
clears but not excoriates. 

Sold all over the world. 

— Wedding invitations engraved in cor 
reel form by Cooper & Co., 746 Market Street. 

Holiiluy Suggestions. 

Hat orders. Eugene Korn, Knox agency. 7.46 
Market Street. 




Phelan Building, Rooms 1, 2, 3 


January 4, 1904. 



The Innovations at the 
Palace Hotel, San Francisco, Cal. 

with difficulty recognize the famous COURT 
into which for twenty-five years carriages 
have been driven. This space oi over a 
quarter of an acre has recently, by the 
addition of very handsome furniture, rugs, 
chandeliers, and tropical plants, been con- 
verted into a lounging room, THE FINEST 

ROOM, furnished in Cerise, with Billiard 
and Pool tables for the ladies— the LOUIS 
ROOM, and numerous other modern im- 
provements, together with unexcelled Cui- 
sine and the most convenient location in the 
City— all add much to the ever increasing 
popularity of this most famous hotel. 





The management of the Hotel Richelieu wishes to 
announce to its friends and patrons that it has pur- 
chased the property of the Hotel Granada, and will 
run the latter on the same plan that has made the 
Richelieu the finest family hotel in San Francisco. 


For those who appreciate comfort 
and attention 






Hotel )n£ )ter 



Fifty minutes from San Francisco. 

Twenty = four trains daily each 

way. Open all the year. 


R. V. HAITON, Proprietor. 



$x 12 Panoramic View. 

You can take the whole view with one snap, or, 
with some models, slop the lens at five differ 
ent places, and thus make five different widths 
of pictures, all depending on just how much of 
the view you wish. These are features no 
other camera possesses. 


We now send you any camera described in our 
catalogue upon a small payment being made. 
The remainder you may pay in monthly in- 
stallments while you are using the camera. 
Write us for full information about this. 


1301 Jefferson St., Burlington, Wis. 


Mr. James Flood and a party of friends will 
spend two weeks hunting on Mr. Flood's 
ranch in the southern part of the State. 

Mr. Oliver Dibble will leave New York early 
in February for San Francisco, where his 
marriage to Miss Katherine Du Val will take 

Mr. and Mrs. Harry N. Gray spent the 
Christmas holidays with Mr. and Mrs J. 
Parker Whitney at the Whitney ranch at 

Mrs. Francis Carolan is expected back from 
Xew York in a few days. 

Mr. and Mrs. Adam Grant have returned 
from Santa Barbara. 

Miss Grace Spreckels and Miss Lillie 
Spreckels have gone to San Diego, where they 
will spend the New Year holidays. 

Mrs. Allen Lewis, of Portland, Or., is 
here on a visit to her mother, Mrs. N. G. 
Kittle, at her residence on Steiner Street. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jules Brett, who recently re- 
turned from a trip to Japan, expect to spend 
the next two or three months in Cuba. They 
will leave here in about ten days. 

Mr. and Mrs. M. Hall McAllister were in 
New York last week. 

Mrs. William F. Herrin and Miss Herrin 
were in New York last week. 

Mr. and Mrs. Isaac L. Requa have returned 
from Honolulu. 

Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Breeden were guests 
at the Hotel del Monte during the week. 

Miss Naloni Jones, niece of Mrs. A. F. 
Dixon, who has been spending some weeks at 
the Mare Island quarters of Commander and 
Mrs. Dixon, has returned to her home in 

Mrs. Elliott spent the holidays with Com- 
mander F. A. Holmes. U. S. N., and Mrs. 
Holmes at Mare Island. 

Dr. and Mrs. P. E. Bowles and family are 
sojourning at the Hotel del Monte. 

Mrs. Hermann Oelrichs returned last Satur- 
day to New York. 

Mrs. Collis P. Huntington, who is at present 
traveling abroad, will return to New York in 

Mr. Emil Bruguiere has returned from New 
York, where he has been arranging for the 
production of his opera, " The Three Kings of 

Mr. Charles Shea, of Harvard, is the guest 
of Mr. Charles de Young. 

Miss Adah Howell is spending the winter 
with her sister, Mrs. Clinton, wife of Captain 
George Clinton, U. S. A., who is stationed at 
Fort Bliss, Tex. 

Mr. and Mrs. Homer S. King have been in 
Santa Barbara during the week. 

Judge W. W. Morrow, accompanied by Mrs. 
Morrow, has returned from Washington, D.C., 
where he attended a two days' session of the 
Carnegie Institute, of which he is the trus- 
tee representing the Pacific Coast. 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward S. Rothschild have 
gone to New York, where they will remain for 
the winter. 

Mrs. J. F. Houghton and Miss Houghton 
Have been sojourning at the Hotel del Monte. 

Mrs. Prescott Sawyer is spending the holi- 
days with Judge Frank Allyn and Mrs. Allyn. 
of Tacoma. 

Mrs. A. P. Hotaling and her son, Mr. Fred- 
erick Hotaling, are at Frankfort-on-the-Main, 
whence they will go to Italy. 

Mrs. Helen Hecht has returned from 
Europe, after an absence of several years. 

Dr. Ernest Dvvight Chipman and Mrs. Chip- 
man have been recently in Berlin. 

A New Club Organized. 
San Francisco is to have a new club, to be 
known as " Jefferson Square Club," from its 
location in the Pioneer Automobile Co.'s 
building, on Golden Gate Avenue, opposite 
Jefferson Square. One of the chief features 
will be a number of bowling alleys, some of 
which will be reserved for ladies between the 
hours of two and four. The dining-room 
will be large, and each table will be provided 
with a telephone. It will have a seating ca- 
pacity of one hundred persons. Private 
dressing-rooms and lockers will be provided 
for both ladies and gentlemen. Members' au- 
tomobiles will be stored free of charge. 
Among those who will be members are Mr. 
Henry J. Crocker, Mr. William Greer Harri- 
son. Mr. E. M. Greenway, Mr. Henry D. Mor- 
ton. Mr. R. M. Davis. Major Rochester, U. S. 
A., Mr. Charles C. Moore, Mr. E. E. Stoddard, 
Mr. Milton Bremmer, Dr. Birdsall, Dr. How- 
ard Morrow, Mr. Edward J. Hammer, Mr. Roy 
Welden, Mr. Harry Ward. Mr. James Bender. 
Mr. Albert Bender, Mr. Frank Kerrigan. The 
opening of the club will take place on Jan- 
uary 10th. 

Gentleman — " You can't work on account 
of paralysis! Nonsense, you look as strong 
as I do." Tramp — " Well, ye see, boss, it's 
paralysis of de will dat I am troubled wit'." — 
Town and Country. 

— Make no mistake, Kent, Shirt Tailor, 
121 Post St., cuts fine-fitting Shirt Waists for ladies. 

A. Hirgchman. 

712 Market and 25 Geary Streets, for fine jewelry. 

Army and Navy News. 

Major-General Arthur MacArthur, U. S. A., 
arrived Monday from Honolulu, where he has 
been inspecting the military defenses. 

Lieutenant-Commander I. S. K. Reeves, U. 
S. N., has been detached from the New York 
and ordered to his home to await orders. 

Rear-Admiral Louis Kempf, U. S. N.. re- 
tired, and Miss Cornelia Kempf have returned 
from their visit to Texas, and are for the 
present at the Palace Hotel. 

Colonel Alexander Mackenzie. Engineer 
Corps, U. S. A., has been appointed chief of 
staff of the Division of the Pacific. 

The United States steamer Mohican will 
arrive at San Francisco about January 14th 
for a two months' stay. 

Lieutenant Charles H. Fulton. Philippine 
Scouts, will proceed from San Francisco to 
Hot Springs, Arkansas, and report to the com- 
manding officer. General Hospital, for treat- 

Captain David M. King. U. S. A., will make 
three visits of inspection per month during 
January, February, and March to the works 
of the California Powder Works at Santa 
Cruz and Pinole. 

Lieutenant H. A. Herbert, U. S. N., who 
has been convalescing at the Naval Hospital 
at Mare Island, has gone on a three months' 
sick leave. 

Commander Reginald F. Nicholson, L T . S. 
N., detail officer of the Bureau of Navigation, 
will leave Washington for San Francisco next 
Tuesday to take command of the new pro- 
tected cruiser Tacoma, now receiving finish- 
ing touches at the Union Iron Works. 

Mrs. Gafen, wife of Lieutenant Nelson 
Gafen, U. S. A., arrived in San Francisco 
this week en route to the Philippines. 

Jerome Sykes, the well-known actor, died 
in Chicago Monday, after a four days' illness, 
of pneumonia. He had been playing the lead- 
ing part in " The Billionaires." and his final 
illness came through being thinly clad in an 
amateur performance at a dinner he gave to 
his company on Christmas eve. Sykes was 
one of our best light opera comedians. He 
was last seen in San Francisco eight years 
ago, when he appeared with the Bostonians. 

The celebrated painting. " Constance de 
Beverly," by Toby Rosenthal, which belonged 
to the collection of the late Irving M. Scott, 
has been placed on exhibition at the Hopkins 
Art Institute through the courtesy of Mrs. 
Scott. Two other paintings lent by Mrs. Scott 
are J. G. Denny's " Drifting " and " Gypsy 
Camp," by A. Van der Venne. 

The main event at the Ingleside track this 
week is the New Year Handicap, for two- 
year-olds and upward, to be run on Friday, 
January 1st. With $60 to start. $10 to for- 
feit, ninety-eight entries, and $2,000 added, 
the purse will be a large one and worth fight- 
ing for. The racing will change to the Oak- 
land track next week. 

A Happy New Year. 

That is the greeting which one hears on 
every side these days. Happiness for the year 
to come is the thing that all desire, and the 
greater the regard for your friend, the greater 
happiness you wish for him. Happy homes 
form centers for the dissemination of happi- 
ness. Several wise people have discovered 
lately that as happy a home as one can find, 
with none of the vexations of tradesmen or 
of servants, is the Hotel del Monte. Under 
new plans and new management, arrange- 
ments have been made at this resort for the 
especial accommodation of families. Three 
San Francisco households, well known in 
society, have gone down there recently to 
spend several weeks, and there are several 
families from far away who have been there 
several months. It is getting to be the popular 
thing, this life at Del Monte — and the exer- 
cise and recreation that come from golfing, 
driving, 2nd riding are bound to bring health 
and happiness. 

Tourist Policies 

Baggage and Personal Property insured against 
loss by Fire, Collision, Shipwreck, and other causes | 
wherever it may be in any part of the world. 

Applications can be obtained at the office, or 
through any Insurance Agent, Broker, or Trans- 
portation Agent. 

Commercial Union Assurance Co. Ltd 

C. F. MULLINS, Manager, 

All classes of Fire and Marine Insurance business 


About 90% of the Cocktails now 
drank are either Manhattans or 
Martinis; no good bar-keeper uses 
any bitters but "English Orange" 
in making them. The "CLUB 
COCKTAILS," Manhattans and 
Martinis, are made as they should 
be with English "Orange Bit- 
ters," are properly aged and are 
better than any fresh made cock- 
tail possibly can be. A fresh 
made cocktail is like a new blend 
of any kind, unfit for use. Age 
is what makes a good Punch, 
age is what makes a good Cor- 
dial, age is what makes a good 
blended whiskey, age is what 
makes a palatable sauce, and above 
all age is what makes a good 
cocktail. These statements can be 
verified by any reputable blender. 

G. F. HEUBLEIN & BRO.. &/< 

29 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

Hartford, Conn. London 



400-404 Battery St., San Francisco, Cal. 

California School of Design 


Drawing, Painting, and Modeling, 

Decorative Designing, Wood Carving. 


For terms and courses of instruction apply to the 
assistant secretary. Mark Hopkins Institute of Art. 
California and Mason Streets. 



Mhrchant Tailors. 

623 Market Street (Upstairs), 

Bicycle and Golf Suits. Opposite the Palace Hotel. 


Miss Harker and Miss Hughes' 


Prepares for college, aho special Excep- 
tional advantages in music and drawing. Tennis 
and horseb ick riding. Limited number in home. 

St. Helen's Hall 

Has a Normal Kindergarten 
training class in connection 
with its Academic Depart- 
ment. Separate residence. 
Two - year course. Model 
kindergarten. Provides prac- 
tice work. For details ad- 

Ogontz School for Young Ladies. 

Twenty minutes from Philadelphia, two hours from 
Xew Vork. Mr. Jay Cooke's fine property. For circu- 
lars address Miss Sylvia J. Eastman. Principal. 
Ogontz School P. O.. Pa. 


24 Post St. S. F 

Send for Circular. 



CW~ The CECII.IAN— The Perfect Piano Player. 



San Fran 



January 4, 1904. 


Train* leave ami are ilUe '«■ nrriva »t 
SAH I i: VNt IStO 

(.Mula Line, l ■ ^:reet ) 

7.00a Vnoavllle. >'..: 7 55p 

7.00« Benlcti, BuIsud. ElmlraamJ S.icra- 

tn.nt.. 7-25p 

7-30« Vallejo Napa, Call»U)Kn, Sunt* 

. . ; I, Sill] lEltlQOI) — G.23r 

7.30 I I 11 >re, Ir.iry. L ntlxr>r>- 

1 trou 1 25h- 

8.00' SbftSU* Express — (Via Duvlsi. 
wmuum (for UartMt Springs), 
willows rFruto, Ite l liluiT, 
PorMtinil, Tacotna, Scuttle 7.55p 

8.00* Davia. Woodland, KnlKhte !.n nimg, 

Uaryavllle, Orovlllu /.55p 

8-30* P»rt Costa. Martinez, Autlocb. 
Byron, Tracy. SlocfcUra, Now 
man. Los Bruos, M o u -I o t «. 
Armona, Han ford Vt sal la, 
Portervlllfl 4,2b> 

8.30* Port Costa, Uartloaa, L'rauy. Lath- 
rop, Uodeaio, Merced, Fresno, 
Goshen Junction. Hmii'ord. 

- 1 1:1 Batcerafteld 4.55? 

8.30* ftlies, San Jose, Livcrmore, Stuck* 
U II ton), lone, Sacraiiiuntb, 
Placer \ llle UaryavIHe, CbioO, 
Bed BluiT 4.25p 

8-30* OaWnle. Chinese, Jamestown. Su- 

nora, Tuolumne aud Angela 4 25p 

9.00a Atlantic Express— Ogdcn and Base. 11.25* 

9.30* Richmond, Martinez nud Way 

Stations 655p 

1000* The Overland Limited — ugde n. 

Denver, Omaha, Chicago 6.25e 

10-00* 12.25p 

10.00* Los Angeles Passenger — Port 
Costa, Martinez, Byron Tracy, 
Lathrop. S took i oil. Merced, 
Raymond, Fresno, Gosta'-n Juoc- 
tion Hanford, Lemoorc. vtsaiia, 

BakersQeld. Los Angela 7.25p 

12.00m H.ivwanl, Nllca and Way Stations. 325p 
M-OOp Sacramento River Steamers MI.OQp 

3.30r Benlcta, Winters. Sacramento, 
Woodland, Knights Landing, 
Marys vllle. OrovIMe and way 
stations 10.55* 

3.30p Hayward.KMeBandWay Stations.. 7-55p 

3.30 f Port Costa, Marl Inez Byron, 
Tracy, Laihrop, Ho dee to, 
Merced, Fresno ami Way Sta- 
ll, ms beyond Port CoBta 12-25p 

3 30p Martinez, Tracy, Stockton, Lodl... 10-25* 

4 00r Marllnez.SnuUamoil.VnIleJo.N'apa, 

CallstOga, Santa liosa 9 25* 

A 00p Nllcs. Tracy, Stockton, Lodl 4.2 3p 

430p Hay ward. Nlles, Irvlngtou, San J 18.55* 

Jose. Llvermore | It 1.55 a 

6-OOp The Owl Limited— -New in n. Los 

U inos. Mi'iiil'Un. Fresno. Tulare. 

Bakers field. Los Angeles. 

Golden State Limine! Sleeper. 

Oakland to Los Angele*, rorchl- 

vlaC.K 1 & 1* 8-55* 

6.001- Port Costa. Tracy. Siocktim 12 25p 

I5-30p Hay ward, Nllea and San Jose 7.25*. 

6-OOp May ward. Slles aud San .loBe 9.j5* 

6.00* Eastern Express— Ugden. Denver, 
Omaha, St. Louis. Chicago aud 
East. Port Costa, Iteuiela, Sul- 
EUU Elinlra, Davis, Sacramento, 
Kncklln, Auburn, Colfax, 
Truckee, lloca, Reno, Wads- 
worth, Wlnnemurea ., 525p 

6.00c Vallejo, dally, except Sunday... | 7 » 

7.00i- Vallejo, Sunday only f ' oor 

7.00p klehmond, San Ptiido. Port Costa, 

Marttnei and Way Stations II .25a 

8.05»' Oregon A California Express— Sac- 
ramento. Marysvllle, Redding. 
Portland, Puget Sound and East. 8-55a 
?,1Dp Hay ward, NlleB and Shd .1 ise (Sun- 

day only) 1 1 -55 * 

COAST LINE (Narrow (iaugei. 

(Foot or Market Street) 

8-16* Newark, CentervIIIe. San Joae, 
Pel ton. Boulder Creek. Santa 

Cruz and Way Stations 5-55p 

'2.16' Newark, Ceutervllle. San Joae. 
New Altnaden. Los Gatus.Felton. 
Boulder Crnek, Santa Cruz aud 

Principal Way Station* flO 55* 

c 16p Newark. San Jose. LoaGatoa and ) '8 55 * 

way stations I 110 55 * 

09 30p Hunters Train. Saturday only. Sun 
Jose aud Wav stations. Return' 
Inc from L-.s Gatn> Snn-hiy mil v. 'J 25p 

SA1S I ItANCISl o, Fool ul Market St.. .-Slip'. 
1 00 3 00 5 15 cm 
■ 'uin OAKLAND, l-'out of Broadway— |fi:0u \i-.m 
18:03 10:00 a, H. 12 00 2.00 4-00 p.m. 

COAST LINE (Kroml Htuge). 

iiilni nu d T.mviisi-iiiI Streets.) 

6 10* San Josoand Way Stations 6-30p 

7 00* Ban Jose and Way Stations. .. . 5-3SP 
800* New AIiua.J..-n (, Frld., only), 4-10p 

8 00* The Coaster— Stops only Sar Jose. 

roy cconoectlon for rioiiiB- 
ter). Pajaro, Casirorllle (con- 

:tlon i" und from Monterey 

and Pacific Grove). SallnaB, San 
Ardo, Paso Roblet Santa .Mar- 
garita. Ban Luis Obispo, principal 
■ - ■ 1 1- 1 connection 
■ ■ |, prlud pal r-tatlons 
Iben ■ rbni i.Sao I'.uena- 

eles, . I045p 
9.00/ San Joae. Trea PInoa, Ua id tola, 
l ruz,Pacltic Grove, Salinas, 
Ban I.iiIh olilnpo and Principal 

lODJ 4.10P 

10.30' Fan Jose IWayStatlons 1.20p 

11 30- - mi Joae, Loa (Jatus 

and Way BtaUous /-0»- 

1 30i ■ Mods S j6> 

i.GOc Del M nta Clara, 

--iii. Jose, iii-i Home, Monterey, 

onoci .i ^auta 

i i in/.. Boulder 

i reek and Nai 'olnts) 

Gllroj for Ho) lister, Tres 

rni in- Tor Salinas. 12 1 Sp 

3-3fii enger 10 4S* 

4 30c an Jose nnd Way Stations +8 00* 

16 00 - ■<' J ' ■ Clara) Loa 

□d Pi luctpal ^ a) Bta 

lions (except Sunday! '9-00* 

t ;L' i d PrlncIpalWayStatlons >940* 

6.101 i,,.., i Limit* 1 !■■ ■ 

.i Paao Koblcs, 

m : , B irliara, 
l. ■ At ■■■ ■■ . i '-■puiiJk.'. El i ' 

OrlvnnH, New fork. Con- 

■ Crux 

n i--r Pacific 

I ■ itlone 7 10*. 

tfi 11 i . i . Uelmont.Sail 

t'lll'll P nit tiiikn. 


6.1 ! itioni 6 36* 

800: U15* 

I i JO-- i nit ■! F ■ inclsco, MUlUrao, Itur 

.n Matcu i ■' inn. in, 

■I Fair oak-. 


'11 50f Mayflpld, Mountain View. Bn 

nta Clara mid 

Shu .lone .... 19-4&P 

A i'ii Mormon P lur Aflurnoon 

■■ l> 

uij sund»>'. 

i: hboDQd 
-v. ,8:3d i ,n. nnd 

■ , 

baggage rroin Imiei- »ndra*l 
.-inlreor Tlokel 
in irmatlon 



Rubber IManUition 
■ 713 Market St.. 8.F. 


America's message to a certain South 
American Republic: •"Wail Colombia!" — 

Tourist — " Some people from the East 
might not like it out here." Westerner — 
■' Well, stranger, they'd find trains runnin' 
both ways." — Ex. 

Dolly S->eijt — " He called me his dear little 
lamb." Sally Ga.\ — " What then ? " Dolly 
Swift — " Oh, then he gathered me into the 
fold." — Smart Set. 

" \\ liar you reckon de happy Ian' is?" 
" It's 'way back yandcr, at de place you 
passed so long ago. en didn't know you wuz 
at it ! " — Atlanta Constitution. 

" Grace, can you tell me what is meant by 
a cubic yard? " " I don't know exactly, but I 
guess it's a yard that the Cuban children play 
in." — Boston Christian Advocate. 

Mamma — " Bobby, have you been fighting?" 
Bobby — " Only a little bit." Mamma — " How 
did that happen ? " Bobby—" Oh. the boy I 
licked wasn't much of a fighter." — Chicago 
\ r ezes. 

Nodd — " Wilkins has had a lot of trouble 
with his wife, hasn't he?" Todd — "Yes. 
Why 1 believe it was on her account that he 
had u. separate from his typewriter." — Tott'n 

"Ma, kin 1 go over an' play wid Micky 
Hoolihan?" " Naw. Vez know we have 
nothin' to do wid them Huolihans." " Den 
lemme me go over an' kick the stuftin' outer 
him." — Ex. 

Elsie — " There's a man at the door, pa. who 
says he wants to ' see the boss of the house." " 
Father — " Tell your mother." Mother (call- 
ing down stairs) — " Tell Bridget." — Philadel- 
phia Press. 

A critical summary: "What do you think 
of that writer's work?" " Oh," answered Miss 
Cayenne. " he has said two or three clever 
Lhings, and several thousand others." — Wash- 
ington Star. 

Experience : Mrs. Frienderly — " But, hon- 
estly, what was your real reason for refusing 
her dinner invitation ? " Mrs. Charplor — 
" Experience. I used to have her cook." — 
Brooklyn Life. 

Stranger — " I see your people are organiz- 
ing to put down lawlessless and crime." 
Tough citizen (grinding his teeth — "Yes, 
sir ; they say we're goin' to have a regular 
carnival of reform." — Ex. 

■' Really." said Mrs. Oldcastle. " your little 
dinner last night was quite recherche." "Oh, 
dear," her hostess groaned, " I just knew that 
new cook would make a botch of it some 
way." — Chicago Record-Herald. 

Good dog: " He's a homely dog," said Mrs. 
Vray, " but he has a wonderful pedigree. 
His mother, his grandfather, his great-grand- 
mother, and his great-great-grandmother all 
lived in Methodist families." — Newark News. 

Little Amzi (who has an inquiring mind) — 
"Uncle Timrod. what's a bonanza?" Farmer 
Xcclczehiskcrs (painfully experienced) — " A 
bonanza, durn it, is a hole in the ground, 
owned by a liar! That's what a bonanza is!" 
— Ex. 

Pcrdila — " It doesn't matter if this is the 
third installment of the story. The synopsis 
is printed telling how the first chapters went : 
so you can start reading it from here." Pene- 
lope — " Yes : but how stupid of them not to 
have the synopsis tell how it ends ! " — Judge. 
Y..u weather prophets make a great many 
mistakes." said the man who sneers. " Yes," 
answered the observer, "and if other people 
had all their mistakes published in the daily 
papers as we do, I suspect that our record 
would seem pretty good." — Washington Star. 

"Stopl" she cried, when he attempted to 
kiss hi i . " you must! " The youth, being un- 
accustomed to that sort of thing, drew back 
abashed Stop!" she repeated, noticing his 
timidity : " you mussed — my hair." Then he 

resumed, but re carefully. — Catholic Stand- 

ard and Times. 

Reporter- ■" How were you impressed by 
ih. European cities you visited?" Distin- 
traveler— " They are marvels of 
cleanliness, sir. To return to one of our 
tfter being abroad is like coming back 
to i hog-pen." Reporter — " May 1 ask what 
hog i lid you start from ? "— Chicago Trib- 

. m — . 

St.v.lnnin's Si..illnng 1'..wiIits pn-^TM-a healthy 
State ol the constitution during the period of tcclh- 

\ dollar earned: Judge ( sarcastically l — 

'•Did you ever cam a dollar in your life?" 

i "Oh, yes; I voted for your honor 
i I I " Puck. 

— Dk i'. (i Cochrane, Dentist, removeh to 

No. 135 Geary Street. Spring Valley Building 

Mothers he sure and use " Mr-. Winslow's 

Soothing Syrup" fur your children while teething. 


vSperry Flour Company 

Santa Fe 



Trains leave Union Ferry Depot. San Fran- 
cisco, as follows : 

•^ " Stockton 10.40 a m, Fresno 2.40 p m, 
Bakersfield 7.05 pm. Stops at all points 
in San Joaquin Valley. Corresponding 
train arrives S.55 a m. 


Due Stockton 12 01 p m, Fresno 
3.10 p m, Bakersfield 5,50 p m, Kansas 
City (third day) 2.35 a m, Chicago (third 
day) 2.15 p m. Palace sleepers and 
dining - car through to Chicago. No 
second-class tickets honored on this train. 
Corresponding train arrives *io.5o p m. 

SW g%g% P M— 'STOCKTON LOCAL: Due Stock- 
^Tm%J%J [on 7.10pm. Corresponding train arrives 

* W Stockton 11-15 p m, Fresno 3.15 a m, 
Bakersfield 7.35 a m, Kansas City (fourth 
day) 7.00 a m, Chicago (fourth day) 8.47 
p m. Palace and Tourist sleepers and free 
reclining-chair cars through to Chicago, 
also Palace sleeper which cuts out at 
Fresno. Corresponding train arrives at 
6.35 p m. 
* Daily. 

Personally conducted parties for Kansas City, Chi- 
cago, and East leave on Overland Express Monday, 
Thursday, and Saturday at S p m. 

TICKET OFFICES at 641 Market Street and in 
Ferry Depot. San Francisco; and 1112 Broadway, 



Through sleepers daily ban Francisco lo St. 
Louis, via Rio Grande Scenic Route and Missouri 
Pacific Railway. The best dining-car service, new 

For sleeping - car reservation and full informa- 
tion apply to 


625 narket Street, S. F. 

Under Palace Hotel. 

Via Sausalito Ferry. 
Suburban Service, Standard Gauge 
Electric — Depart from San Francisco 
Daily- 7.00. S.oo, 900, 10.00, 11. 00 a. m., 
12.20, 1.45. 3-!5. 4-15- 5-'5, 6i5. 7-O0, 3.45, 10.20, 
11.45 P- M. 

— Daily— 525, 6.35, 7-40. S.35, 9-35, H-<>5, A. M., 12.20, 
i-45. 2.55. 3-45. 4-45. 5-45, 6.45, S.45, 10.20 p. m. 

-Daily— 5-45. 6-55, 7-52, S-55. 9-55. 11.20 A. M., 12.35, 
2.00, 3.15, 4.05, 5.05, 6.05, 7-05. 9-00, 10.35 p- M- 
S.oo a. m. week days— Cazadero and way stations. 
5.15 p. m. week days (Saturdays excepted)— To 
males and way stations. 
3.15 p. m. Saturdays — Cazadero and way stations. 
Sundays only— 10.00 a. m.. Point Reyes and way 
Ticket Offices— 626 Market Street 
Perry— Union Depot, foot of Market Street. 


Via Sausalito Ferry, foot of Market Street. 

Leave San Francisco, week days, *io.oo a. m.,*i.45 
p. M., 5.15 p. M. Sundays, *8.oo a. m., 9.00 a. m., 10.00 
A. m., 1 1.OO a. m., *i.45 P. M-, 3.15 P- M. 

Arrive San Francisco, Sundays, 12.05 v. m., 1.25 p. M., 
2. so p. m.. 4.50 p. M., 5.50 P. M.; 7.50 p. m. Week days, 

IO.40 A. M., 2,50 P, M., 5.50 P. M., 9.5O P. M. 

•Connect with stage for Dipsea and Willow Camp. 
Ticket offices— 626 Market Street (North Shore Rail- 
road), and Sausalito Ferrv, foot Market Mreel. 


Call on or Write 


124 Sansome Street 


California Northwestern Railway Co. 



Tiburon Ferry. Foot of Market St. 

San Francisco to San Rafael. 

WEEK DAYS— 7.30, 9.00, 11.00 a m; 12.35, 3-30, 5.10, 
6.30 p m. Thursdays— Extra trip at 11.30 p m. 
Saturdays— Extra trip at 1.50 and 11.30 p m. 

SUNDAYS— S.00, 9.30, 11.00 am; 1.30, 3.30, 5.00, 6,20, 
( 1.30 p m. 

San Rafael to San Francisco. 

WEEK DAYS— 6.05, 7.35, 7.50, 9.20, 11.15 a m; 12.50; 

3.40. 5.00. 5.20 p m. Saturdays — Extra trip at 2.05 

and 6.35 p m. 
SUNDAYS— 8.00, 9.40, 11.15am; 1.40, 3.40, 4.55, 5.05, 

6.25 pm. 

San Francisco. 



7.30 a m 8.00 a m 

9.30 a m 

3.30 p m 3.30 p m 

5.10 p m 500pm 

7.30 a m ' 

I 8.00 a m 

3.30 p m 93° a m 

5.10 p m 3.30 p m 

i 5-OQ P m 

7-3° a m 

I 800am 
3.30 pm! 3.30 p m 

7.30 a m 
3.30 p m 

7.30 a m 
3.30 a m 

7.30 a m 

7.30 a m 
3.30 pjn 
7.30 a m 


730 am 
3-3° P m 

S.oo a m 
3.30 p m 

S.00 a m 
3-3Q P "l 

S.oo a m 
3-3° P m 

S.oo a m 
5.00 p m 

S.oo 1 
3.30 pm 

In Effect 
Sept. 27, 1903. 



Pet alum a 


Santa Rosa. 




and Ukiah. 

Sonoma and 
Glen Ellen. 


San Francisco. 


9.10 a m 
10.40 a m 
6.05 p m 

9.10 a m 
10.40 a m 
6.05 p m 
7-35 pm 

10.40 a m 
7-35 P m 

.'. jo a in 
r-35 P m 

40 a m 
35 P ™ 
40 a m 
35 pm 
10 a m 
05 P m 

J.40 a m 
^-35 P m 


S.40 a m 
10.20 a m 
6.20 p m 

8.40 a m 
10.20 a 111 
6.20 p m 

10.20 a m 
6.20 p m 

I0.20 3 
6.20 t 


3 p ni 

aa m 

Stages connect at Green Brae for San Quentin; at 
Santa Rosa for White Sulphur Springs; at Fulton 
for Altruria and Mark West Springs; at Lytton for 
Lytton Springs; at Geyserville for Skaggs Springs; 
at Cloverdale for the Geysers, Booneville, and 
Greenwood ; at Hopland for Duncan Springs, 
Highland Springs, Kelseyville, Carlsbad Springs, 
Soda Bay, Lakeport, and Bartlett Springs; at 
Ukiah lor Vichy Springs, Saratoga Springs. Blue 
Lakes. Laurel Dell Lake. Witter Springs, Upper Lake, 
Porno, Potter Valley, John Day's, Riverside, Lierley's, 
Bucknell's. Sanhed'rin Heights, Hullville. Orr's Hot 
Springs, Half-Way House, Comptche. Camp Stevens, 
Hopkins. Mendocino City, Fort Bragg. Westport, 
Usal ; at Willits for Fort Bragg, Westport. Sherwood. 
Cahto. Covelo, Laytonville. Cummiiigs, Bell's Springs, 
Harris. Olsen's, Dyer, Garberville, Pepper wood, Scotia, 
and Eureka. 

Saturday to Sunday round-trip tickets at reduced 

On Sunday round-trip tickets to all points beyond 
San Rafael at half rates. 

Ticket office, 630 Market Street, Chronicle Building. 


Gen. Manager. Gen. Pass. Agt. 

Free Trial 




by the 


A Trial Treatment 
FREE to Any One 
Afflicted with Hair 
on Face, Neck or 

We have at last made ihc discovery which has baffled 
chemists and all others for centuries— thai of absolutely 
destroying superfluous Mit, root and branch, entirely and 
permanently, whether it be a mustache or growth on the 
neck, cheeks or arms, and that, too, without impairing lQ 
any way the finest or most sensitive skin. 

The Misses Bell have thoroughly tested ks er. 
are desirous thai the full mi'ts of their treaimem io*hi«i 
t'levhave i;lvcn th^descrii live name cf "KILL- AL.I*- 
II \Ht," shall be knuv.ntoall aiilictcd. To this end a 
trial will be sent, free of charges, tc ar.y lady who wiH 
write for it, and say she saw the oiTcr in tins paper. With- 
out a cent of cost you can sec for yoursoKes wh»l the dis- 
covery is; the effitawofyour own senses will thrr. con. 
vincc you thai the treatment," HILL,- ALli-U.t IK> 
will rid you of one of the greatest drawbac. s loperff-et 
loveliness, the growth of superfluous hair on the face or 
neck of women. 

Please understand that a personal rl-monstratlon ct our 
treatment costs you n thin 
which you can use yoursel 
'ag two two-cent sumps f. 



78 nnd BO Fifth Avenue, Mew fork 




San Francisco, Cal. 



Vol. LIV. No. 1400. 

San Francisco, January ji, 1904. 

Price Ten Cents 

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE— The Argonaut (title trade-marked) is pub- 
lished every <week at No. 246 Sutter Street, by the Argonaut Publishing Com- 
pany. Subscriptions, $ 4.00 per year ; six months, $2.25 I three months, $1.30', 
payable in advance — postage prepaid. Subscriptions to all foreign countries 
within the Postal Union, $3.00 per year. Sample copies, free. Single copies, 10 
cents. News Dealers and Agents in the interior supplied by the San Francisco 
News Company, 342 Geary Street, above Powell, to whom all orders from 
the trade should be addressed. Subscribers wishing tlteir attdresses changed 
should give their old as well as new addresses. The A merican News Company, 
New York, are agents for the Eastern trade. The Argonaut may be ordered 
from any News Dealer or Postmaster in the United States or Europe. No 
traveling canvassers employed. Special advertising rates to publishers. 

Special Eastern Representative— E. Kat:*. Advertising Agency, 230-234 
Temple Court, New York City, and 317-3'S U. S. Express Building, 
Chicago, III. 

Address all communications intended for the Editorial Department thus: 
" Editors Argonaut, 246 Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal." 

Address all communications intended for tlu Business Department thus: 
*' The Argonaut Publishing Company, 24b Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal." 

Make all cliecks, drafts, postal orders, etc., payable to " Tlte Argonaut 
Publishing Company." 

The Argonaut can be obtained in London at The International News Co., 
f Breams Buildings, Cltancery Lane; American Navspaper ami Advertising 
Agency, Trafalgar Buibiings, Northuinberlaml Avenue. In Paris, at 37 
Avenue de I' Optra. In New York, at Brentajio's, 31 Union Square in 
Chicago, at 2on Wabash Avenue. In Washington, at 1013 Pennsylvania 
Avenue. Telephone Number, James 233/. 



Editorial: The Year Behind and the Year in Front — Events 
that Have Made 1903 Memorable — A Period of Peace — 
Outlook for 1904- — Will Prosperity Continue? — The Demo- 
cratic Nominee — Gorman and Parker Coming Up — Gray, 
Olney, Hearst, Cockrell — Whispers of Cleveland — How 
Stands Hearst? — A Straw Vote of Congressmen — Our Mew- 
Year " Carnival " — Gay Times for Hoodlums and Trulls 
— The Law Suspended — Elastic Etiquette — Jokers Who 
Resent Jokes — Not Revelers by Nature — Telephones in the 
Country — Easy Touch With the World 1 7-19 

Curious Ways in Panama: "Great, Gaunt, Beastly Birds" 
— The Admiral of the Navy — A General Who Looks Like a 
Twelve- Year-Old — " Volunteers " Tied With Ropes 19 

Jackson's Moral Scruples: A Story of Expiation. By Mar- 
guerite Stabler 20 

New York's Rich Growing Poor: " Financial Stringency 
Among the Extravagant — Gotham's Women Talk of Noth- 
ing But Clothes— Children Follow Their Bad Example. By 
Geraldine Bonner 21 

Individualities: Notes About Prominent People All Over the 

World 21 

New York " Parsifal "-Mad: Gotham Goes Wild Over Wag- 
ner's Music-Drama — Six Thousand People See the First 
Production — A < irand Scenic Triumph— The Critics Dis- 
agree—Art and Money 22 

The Poets and Panama: " Uncle Sam Cogitating"; "Battle 
Hymn of the Panama Republic "; "A New Pike County 
Ballad "; " The Isthmus: A Vision," by Clinton Danger- 
field 22 

Great Fires in Theatres: The Cause of the Iroquois Fire — 
Those Fatal Steps — Paris Opera Burned Five Times — 
The Charity Bazaar — Other Great Fires 23 

Newspapers and Their Makers: Editors Little Known — 
Hearst's Failure to Down the " News " — James Gordon 
Bennett a Striking Figure — Ogden, Laffan, Ochs, and 
Pulitzer — Manufacturing Advertising 23 

Verses from Recent Books 24 

Literary Notes: Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip — New 

Publications 24-25 

Drama: Varied Attractions at the Orpheum — "The Count of 

Monte Cristo " at the Central. By Josephine Hart x'helps 26 

Stage Gossip 27 

Vanity Fair: The Increase of Divorces — Stringency of Di- 
vorce Laws in Europe — Queen Victoria's Strict Rules Re- 
garding Divorcees — Carmen, Whistler's Model, Sells His 
Effects — Many Letters and Sketches Among Them — His 
Family's Extensive Purchases — Cards Announcing the 
Stork— Queen Alexandra's Taste in Lace — The Vatican 
Collection — Styles in Coiffures — Thousands of Tons of 
Hair Imported— How American Women Ruin Their Hair 28 

Storyettes: Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise — 
Disraeli Defines a Lawyer — Wellington's Nonchalance — 
Farming to Feed Horses — The Duration of Eternity — Phil 
May's Bargain — Herbert Spencer's Device — An Oriental 
Prince's Gallantry — Mr. Nolan's Choice — A Letter of In- 
dignation — Mark Twain's European Breakfasts 29 

The Tuneful Liar: "Furor Scribendi"; " Yyeyosu Taka- 

gawa, etc."; "The Difference"; "A Tragic Calendar' 29 

Society: Movements and Whereabouts — Notes and Gossip — 

Army and Navy News 30-31 

The Alleged Humorists: Paragraphs Ground Out by the Dis- 
mal Wits of the Day 32 

— ■■■■ — - m 

After all, 1903 was not an eventful year as history 
thkYkareuhnd counts eventfulness. There were no 
and thk wars, though many rumors of wars. In 

Vkar in Front. Macedonia, Turks and Christians con- 
tinued, during the summer, a spasmodic albeit 
sanguinary warfare that at one time threatened to set 
Europe aflame. But winter's cold proved a peace- 

maker. Hostilities have ceased. Spring will doubtless 
bring new " troubles in the Balkans." japan and Rus- 
sia have for months been on. the verge of war, but 
1903 has ended without bloodshed in the Farther East. 
From Colombia come rumors of resistance to the 
course of the United States on the Isthmus, but that 
it will amount to nothing is the universal belief. While 
1903 opened with European warships about Vene- 
zuelan shores, the year ends with a peaceful decision 
from The Hague court on one point at issue. The 
long-standing Alaskan boundary dispute was amicably 
settled. The vexatious questions arising over the 
friar lands in the Philippines have likewise been ad- 
justed. Only the petty kingdom of Servia has seen a 
dynasty overthrown — extinguished — and another set 
upon a bloody throne. The Karageorgevitches are no 

More important, perhaps, than these political 
changes and adjustments has been the advance in 
science, commerce, and industry during the year. In 
Germany, electric cars have been successfully oper- 
ated at the speed of one hundred and thirty and a half 
miles an hour. Radium opens a new world for re- 
search to physicists and chemists. Edison replies to 
the question put, " What will be the most important 
development of the coming year," with the single 
word " Radium." The development of the automobile 
has gone on apace. An expert writer on the subject 
gives us a striking illustration of this revolutionary 
advance when he shows that the automobile, by re- 
ducing one-half the space occupied by a vehicle, 
by doubling its carrying capacity, by multiplying its 
speed twice or thrice, has increased the width of the 
streets fourfold by increasing the possible bulk of 
traffic within the same area. Failure to meet expec- 
tations has to be recorded of the wireless telegraph, 
whose value for commercial purposes is almost nul- 
lified by the seeming impossibility of preventing inter- 
ference. Still, some progress has been made. But 
the domain of the air yet remains unconquered, despite 
Professor Langley's valiant endeavors. 

As for the industrial conditions in the United States, 
mills in the East are reported to be opening their 
doors, giving rise, in some quarters, to the belief that 
the slight period of depression there is ending. That 
is the general hope, but opinions differ. J. Ogden 
Armour, Edward F. Swift, Henry Siegel, Henry 
Clews, and C. Studebaker, among others", express their 
belief that the prospect for prosperity in 1904 is good. 
Marshall Field, on the other hand, expresses the opin- 
ion " that the improvement, if any, will be very slow." 
Probably it is dangerous to 'predict. But certainly the 
past year has been in the main prosperous. The for- 
eign commerce of the United States amounted to 
$2,500,000,000. Agricultural products were valued at 
$3,200,000,000. Evidence of national wealth lies in 
the fact that $138,000,000 for pensions was voted by 
Congress without a dissenting voice. Cuba and Porto 
Rico are prosperous. Governor Taft, in his farewell 
address at Manila on December 24th, declared that 
" the condition of the archipelago is now more favor- 
able than at any other time in its history." In re- 
viewing our national progress, mention should be made 
of the unprecedented immigration, numbering a million 
souls. The passage -of the .Cuban Reciprocity Bill is 
an event of importance. 

The Iroquois Theatre fire is too poignantly fresh 
in mind to need more than mention. 

Abroad, a movement toward protection in England, 
the expulsion of religious orders in France, the growth 
of socialism in Germany, are worthy of remark. Still 
another blot on the dark record of Russia is the Kish- 
ineft massacre. 

At the head of the year's dead must stand Herbert 

Spencer, a man who made upon the world a profound 
impression. After him came Mommsen, the historian, 
Lord Salisbury, the statesman, Leo the Thirteenth, 
and William Hartpole Lecky. Lesser names are 
Whistler, Stoddard, Henley, Abram S. Hewitt, Fred- 
erick Law Olmsted, Phil May — a very small and un- 
distinguished list. 

In literature and art, probably most will agree with 
the dictum that the level of achievement has been 
high, the average good, the outlook sanguine, but 
that there has been a singular dearth of truly great 
world-figures. Never has public interest in intimate 
studies of the individual man been greater. Witness 
the enormous output of biography and the serious 

The year 1904 begins with a sudden quickening of 
interest throughout the nation in the election of a chief 
executive. Soon the battle-cry will sound, and the Re- 
publicans will decide whether Theodore Roosevelt shall 
be their nominee, and the country will decide whether 
he shall be their President. Nineteen hundred and four 
will also see in this country a great exposition, com- 
memorating the Louisiana Purchase, which bids fair 
to be a triumphant success. 

And in conclusion many will agree with the hope 
that Joaquin Miller picturesquely expresses — 
though we may not share his confidence — " that the 
one most important achievement of the new year may 
be the burning and blowing up of all battle-ships by 
the agreement of all nations at The Hague." 

Every so often the hoodlum and his female companion 
,, ¥I „ occupv temporarily the seats of honor 

" Ushering in " ' - r 

the Happy in San Francisco. This interregnum of 

new Year. boisterous buffoonery, this vacation of the 
ten commandments is known, in the delightful diction 
of the newspaper reporter, as " the New-Year's Eve 
Carnival," as " Fun and Festivity Ushering in the 
New Year," or, more modestly, as " Society at Play." 
The inaugural rites consist in calling out the police 
reserves, doubling the watches at the fire-engine sta- 
tions, obscuration of the timid respectable, and a gen- 
eral laying in of provisions of exhilarating nature 
by restaurants, toddy-shops, and grills. The gleaning 
after the festival is done by the street sweepers, police 
courts, ambulances, the morgue, and other institutions 
of like hilarious and jovial character. Then the hood- 
lum, the harlot, and the undesignate drunk, evaporate, 
volatile spirits of mirth that they are, from the pave- 
ments of Market Street; the tablets of the law are once 
more erected in public places, and this city re- 
lapses into its ordinary and becoming respectability. 

It involves a nice question of etiquette to decide 
whether a man who would justly resent an insult to 
his wife at 6 p. m. December 31st may even verbally 
remonstrate at 9 p. m. with an unwashed and befuddled 
gent who persists in sticking a tin horn into the uxorial 
eye. Theory and practice differ. By the often eu- 
logized rules of the Merry Masque, what is meat at six 
o'clock may or may not be fish at nine. To resent a 
blow on the ear, a toss of muck in the face is manly 
before dinner, and will invoke the executive energy of 
a policeman in its aid if done decently. But after din- 
ner on this day a man must not only smile upon the fist 
that smites, but grin companionablv upon the unclean 
lips that seek to ravish the chaste kisses of his wife. 

A blast in the ear from a horn may at one hour lead 
to recrimination ; sixty minutes later it is a Merry 
Prank. The ribaldry unheard for three hundred and 
sixty-four days outside of bar-rooms is bawled on the 
street the evening of the three hundred and sixti 
and theoretically women must smile with their e 
for this is a Merry Quip, So much for the< 



January ii, 1904. 

practice, the size of the jester as compared with that of 
the jestee is a factor not to be left out of the reckon- 
ing. In spite of the easy laws of Momus there be cer- 
tain sour, lean, crusty souls who demur to having their 
daughters' arms pinched and empurpled by vivacious 
pot-gallants, who frown upon the introduction of the 
easy familiarity of the Barbary Coast into the presence 
of wives and sisters, and who will growl surlily when 
an eye is put out by the projection of a handful of 
gutter filth. The objections of these marplots, these 
killjoys, are they not written in the books of the police 
and the hospitals ? 

But the strangest thing about this New-Year's jolli- 
fication, this (reportorially) Merry Revel, is the fact 
that the Bacchanals themselves are fickle, prone to sud- 
den heats, apt for brawls, trenchant in demand for re- 
dress of insult. That gentle soul who has just play- 
fully marred the cheek of beauty with a piece of iron 
wire is oddly enough ready to resent any attempt at an 
equal interchange of courtesies. The trull, rejoicing in 
her transient association with published virtue, is, too, 
inclined to forget the rules of this peculiar festival, and 
resume the manners and speech and eke the combative 
activities of her class. The mad spirit, the joyous 
infection of joviality, my masters, seems to become 
in its heartiest devotees merely an influenza of spleen. 
The stream of frolic will break upon the rocks of frag- 
mentary propriety. The gent can not wholly forget 
his gentility, and the sales, cook, wash, and frailer 
ladies are subject to spasms of belligerent respect- 

The fault for all this ungentle behavior lies not in- 
dividually with the participants, be they respectable, 
unrespectable, or unspeakable, but with the wordy, un- 
derbred effusiveness of certain mouthers of heard tales, 
mongers of infallible imbecilities, who think in their 
fat fashion that happiness is made by a recipe. These 
erudite doctors refer ponderously to Venice and Paris 
and Rome and New Orleans. There's fun for you ! 
That's the way to have a reel good time. But somehow 
the recipe won't work, the ingredients won't mix. The 
trouble is that the San Franciscan of sorts, like any 
other Anglo-Saxon, was never built to endure insult 
under any name, guise, or garb whatever, and he is too 
ready to institute an impromptu deathbed scene with 
anybody who tries him. Further, and mostly, every 
true American prefers to beat his own wife. He ob- 
jects to another assuming this marital office, even for 
the promotion of festivity. 

Gradually, very gradually, indeed, the stars in the 

Democratic sky are coming out, their 
Again, the j . 

democratic magnitudes are being determined and 

Nominee. calculations made of their respective 

distances from the coveted nomination for the Presi- 
dency of the United States. The conclusions put forth 
by the Argonaut in the last few weeks, tentative as 
they professedly were, are so far supported in an ex- 
haustive investigation by the New York Times that it 
is with assurance that some statistics are given relating 
to the preferences of the Democrats for this year's 
race. Roughly speaking, the following facts are solidly 
proven: Gorman and Parker are nearer the zenith, 
Gray and Olney are going to be factors, and William 
Randolph Hearst is providing free telescopes with 
which to view the brilliancy of his rising planet. Ne- 
braska alone remembers Bryan. It is further hinted 
at, quite plainly by certain observers, that New York 
will name the candidate at the last. 

Twelve senators and thirty representatives have sig- 
nified to the Times their faith in Arthur Pue Gorman 
as first choice, two senators and twenty-nine represen- 
tatives are outright for Judge Parker first, the whole 
Missouri representation is for Senator Cockrell, and 
three congressmen are for Mr. Hearst and three for 
Judge Gray. Seventeen senators and sixty-seven con- 
gressmen look wise, but will not commit themselves. 
These are the figures given by the Times as a result 
of a poll of the Democratic members of Congress. A 
sel of inquiries addressed to prominent Democratic 
politicians in every State would at first sight seem to 
corroborate fully the views of the statesmen in Wash- 
ington; but on consideration there are displayed eccen- 
tricities worth a note. In this less select poll, Gorman 
and Parker run neck and neck with intimations that 
Parker is stronger, Hearst moves up a peg. Olney 
and (iray are coming forward as favorite sons. Con- 
gressional sentiment for Judge Parker and Senator 
Gorman is conditional on the indorsement of either by 
the New York delegation. Tew come out llatfooted, 
as does Senator Morgan, of Alabama, and say, Gorman 
is the -nan. Throughout the State politicians there is 
much he same feeling, growing stronger as one goes 
'j rom Maryland, .1 sort of shading of the eyes — 
mi occasional whisper of Cleveland. For Mr. 
'tis reported New England will stand solidly, 
course Delaware sings the praises of Judge 
of Coal Strike Commission fame. Missouri 

seems united for Cockrell. Governor Garvin, of Rhode 
Island, Mayor McClellan, of New York, and Senator 
Bailey, of Texas, are " mentioned." 

All this is plain and above board. The naked eye 
comprehends it. But there is a mystery, a riddle, al- 
most a prodigious phenomenon abroad. How stands 
William Randolph Hearst? Is he really in the run- 
ning? Will he eventually be "considered"? Are 
the head-lines of his four papers quite correct? Is 
Mr. Hearst exactly justified in always coupling " The 
President of the United States and William Randolph 
Hearst " on every front page? Are there genuine ser- 
vices to the country behind his modest displays ? Does 
the longest leased wire in the world reach the White 
House? Is the God of Battles on the side of red ink, 
boilerplate, and subsidized sirens of sensationalism? 

First, it may be remarked that Mr. Hearst tacks a 
union label to his Democracy. He swears he is not 
made by a trust. He is more than willing to spend 
his money for the labor organizations. Yet the 
big leaders seem to mistrust these professions, or 
their efficacy, or their justice. In New York State 
they declare that Mr. Hearst is " active," that he 
has gained " some support in other States, but does 
not appear to have made much headway in his 
home State." Arkansas, whose representation in 
Congress apparently has never heard of the apostle 
of himself, nor thinks of any one in connection with 
the nomination but Gorman and Parker, is yet said 
by the sages of Little Rock to favor Hearst " as the 
best candidate, because it is believed here he can carry 
New York." In Nevada, Florida, Wisconsin, and 
South Dakota, and here in California, local wiseacres 
have predicted that the delegations to the National 
Democratic Convention will be instructed to vote for 
Mr. Hearst. Yet remains the fact that but three con- 
gressmen have ventured to advocate the choice of Mr. 
Hearst. It is possible that his own clamor has dark- 
ened the ears of wisdom. He swears by Nix and Pix 
that he is the idol of the people. His editors bow down 
and worship. He has assumed already some of the 
prerogatives of divinity. And notwithstanding all this 
the hardheaded warhorses of the Democratic party shy 
at him. He is, as the Argonaut said last week, ap- 
parently not recognized, not " considered " by the 
chiefs. Remains to be seen whether the new party he 
is trying to form along the lines of the old democracy 
will take shape of power, whether Mr. Hearst can 
journalize himself into the nomination. 

A strange, shocking, but apparently true, story of the 

miscarriage of justice is contained in a 

the Noose, and number of the Manila Times which 

Electric Chaik. h as j ust reac ^ e( [ us J L seem s that 

three malefactors were sentenced to be garroted at 
Amulung, Cagayan Province, on October 31st. The 
garrote is the ancient Spanish and Portuguese instru- 
ment of death. The victim is placed on a stool with 
a post or stake behind to which is affixed an iron col- 
lar controlled by a screw passing through the post; 
this collar is made to clasp the neck of the victim, 
and is tightened by the action of the screw. Under 
the queer mixture of laws Spanish and American in 
force in the islands, it appears that the garrote is still 
used to carry into effect the extreme penalty of the 
law. In this case, the executioneer was a Bilibid of- 
ficial who had never before operated the garrote. 
However, he thought himself able to make it effec- 
tive. He followed the Spanish tradition, which has it 
that death requires eight minutes, and that the bodies 
should be left in the garrote four hours. But never- 
theless, three hours after they had been removed and 
laid out on a floor, after a surgeon had certified to 
their death, after the judge had given the seal of 
judicial approval, some constabulary officers, coming 
in, found three of the men alive and asking for water. 
It was given them; they were unbound; and two of 
them were removed by friends. One finally died. 
Two fully recovered. Regarding the legal status of 
these men the Manila Times says: 

The victims who survived the official execution are legally 
dead. In a court of law it will not be permitted to impeach 
the records of their execution. Their rights and privileges 
before the law are ended. They can not sue, be sued, marry, 
own property, vote, or exercise any of the rights of a citi- 
zen. Neither will they be held accountable for Iheir acts. 
If arraigned for depredations it will only be necessary to 
rest on the court record of their death. The men may now 
watch the administration of their estates and the scramble 
of their legal representatives to succeed them in worldly pos- 
sessions. They may attend the marriage celebration of their 
respective widows and congratulate the stepfathers of their 

Whether or not this is strictly true, the case is 
certainly a singular one. Unfortunately, too many 
people are so constituted that they feel a secret satis- 
faction at the escape from death of these murderers — 
just as they are shocked that the negro criminal at 
Auburn, the other day, should have had to suffer six 
separate electric currents before he was killed. We 

would rather say, Let the brute suffer. Did he con- 
sider the suffering of the man whom he killed, his 
wife and children ? Then why sorrow that he suffers 
in his turn? We are not concerned that the deaths 
of poisoners and stranglers and human butchers should 
be absolutely " painless " as some good and pious 
people think they ought to be. And in any event, re- 
peated electric shocks to cause death ought to be less 
repellant to sensitive folk than some of the scenes that 
have been enacted at the gallows. The tearing of the 
head from the body by the fall has happened more 
than once, especially in the case of heavy men. Some- 
times the rope has broken, and the criminal, half dead 
from the first jerk and fall, has had to be carried back 
and hanged again. In this State, some recent figures 
show that, since 1891, fifty persons have been legally 
hanged. All were men. Thirty-eight were whites, 
six Chinese, two Indians, and two negroes. 

Apropos of murders and murderers, in Vermont the 
trial of a woman for murder, attended with most ex- 
traordinary circumstances, has just ended with a ver- 
dict of guilty. This woman, Mrs. Mary A. Rogers, 
killed her husband to gain five hundred dollars of in- 
surance money, and be free to marry again. In com- 
pany with her paramour and a woman friend, she 
enticed him to a secluded spot at night; pretended a 
loving reconciliation; took advantage of his joy to 
tie him with a rope on pretense of showing him a trick ; 
finally bound him so that he was helpless ; and then 
applied chloroform to his face until he was dead. Yet 
there are those who would insist upon " an absolutely 
painless " death for this incarnate fiend. For our part, 
we hope it takes, not six, but sixteen, shocks to kill 
this Mrs. Mary Rogers. 

Elsewhere in this paper is printed an article on great 
THE fires in theatres — their appalling num- 

Iroquois ber, their frequency, the recommenda- 

disaster. tions for theatre construction byexperts, 

etc. In this place we have but a word to say, and it 
is this : It is infinitely better absolutely to prevent 
fires than to provide means to check them when started. 
Asbestos curtains, wide aisles, lots of sprinklers, are 
good, but no fires are better. There can be no fire 
unless there is fuel. And there need be no fuel for tire 
on any stage. The wooden floors, the wooden furni- 
ture, the scenery, the ropes, fabrics of every kind, even 
the curtains, can be made absolutely fireproof by proper 
treatment with chemicals. If there is nothing burn- 
able there can be no fire. Why should not every scrap 
of material on the stage be made incombustible? 
Costs too much? It is the answer of a knave. What 
is the use of building an " absolutely fireproof " struc- 
ture like the Iroquois, when into it are piled such a 
heap of tinder as the stage and its fittings now are? 
Provide no fuel for fire in theatres, and such fright- 
ful disasters as that which has wrung a nation's heart 
and darkened the dawn of a New Year can never 
again occur. It can be done. 

The hounds of war strain at the leash in the Far East. 

, , What are the deciding factors in the 

If Japan & 

should great contest, if it comes? First, the 

FlGHT - armies. Russia has an army of 

3,000,000 men. It can be swelled to 7,500,000 by call- 
ing out the reserves. Japan's regular army is 200,000 
men ; it can be swelled to 632,000, perhaps to a million. 
Second, Russia's navy is twice the size of Japan's. 
But it is divided. Some ships are in the Baltic, some 
in the Black Sea. The two fleets now in Asian waters 
are nearly equal. Japan's is known to be efficient. 
Regarding her fleet, as her army, Russia preserves a 
policy of secrecy. Japan has the advantages of coal- 
ing stations, great docks, and fortified shipyards for 
repairing her greatest vessels. Japan is a nation of 
patriots, and can strike quick. Russia is more or less 
unwieldy. She is said to have 200,000 troops in Man- 
churia, but the real number is unknown. A single 
line of railroad stretches from Russia proper to Man- 
churia for the transportation of troops. It is a poor 
railway. Japan's spies in Manchuria, effectually dis- 
guised as Chinese workmen, may succeed in wrecking 
many a train. So really the spectacle of pygmy Japan 
opposing giant Russia is not so funny as it seems. Still, 
the overwhelming numerical disproportion remains. 
As for the sinews of war, both countries lack for ready 
money. Russia's public debt is $3,300,000,000, and the 
year's report shows a deficit. Japan's debt is 
$279,000,000. Japan has only $25,000,000 in cash on 
hand. These are the chief factors that will decide 
a single-handed contest. But the possibilities for in- 
ternational complications are infinite. Will China sit 
supine and watch Japan fight her battles? Or will her 
armies join with Japan's? Will France, then, by the 
terms of treaty, come to the aid of her ally, Russia? 
Will England, then, join Japan in the war as the 
Anglo-Japanese treaty provides that she must in the 

January ii, 1904. 



event that Japan is attacked by two powers? What 
was the real meaning of that singular meeting of the 
Grand Duke Vladimir, the uncle of the Czar, and the 
Emperor of Germany in the forests of Goehrde, re- 
cently, where they went hunting' — wild boars, it is 
said — and doubted? These are pertinent questions. 
The gratifying and highly satisfactory feature of the 
whole matter is that the likelihood of the United 
States being drawn into the conflict is very small. 
Our commercial interest in China is comparatively 
slight. We are fettered by no secret alliances. The 
orders to our fleet are to preserve strict neutrality. 
Aloof and un fearful we shall watch the fray. 

But recently we heard how the Shipbuilding Trust, 

of infamous memory, set aside $200,000 
$250,000 _ J 

to influence ' in bonds to subsidize the French press. 
the press. TX\\s week we have to record the fact 

that Mr. Daniel J. Sully, of New York, knows a trick 
worth two of that. Sully is the Cotton King. He it is 
who is reputed to have made $10,000,000 by cornering 
cotton and forcing the price to fourteen cents. Na- 
turally, sale at that high figure is a trifle slow. Re- 
tailers are not buying any more than they can help. 
So Mr. Sully evolved a scheme to "educate the peo- 
ple " up to paying twice as much for a thing as they 
did before. He proposed to raise a fund of $250,000 
among cotton spinners " to influence " the American 
press. He himself would contribute $150,000. His 
plan was (1) to get write-ups in magazines of large 
circulation and influence; and (2) to send broadcast 
through the " Associated Press 'service " " authoritative 
personal interviews " telling people how it was that 
fourteen-cent cotton was really dirt cheap. One of 
the most interesting paragraphs in the circular sent 
out to the cotton spinners tells them that the plan is 
"neither new nor untried." To prove it, Mr. Sully 
declares that silver-mine money won for Bryan his 
substantial support in the campaign of 1896; that the 
country was brought to accept the Dingley tariff 
schedules by the same means; and that Sir Thomas 
Lipton was only a successful advertiser. Unfortunately 
for Mr. Sully, his circular fell into the hands of the 
New York World, which promptly published it — and 
cotton fell several points. Also, the Cotton King had 
to apologize abjectly to the Associated Press for his 
reference to them. Mr. Sully wanted publicity for cot- 
ton; he got it; but it was an overdose. 

Panama has been the absorbing topic in Washington 
p tn ' s wee ^- McComas and Lodge, in the 

question Senate, have defended the President's 

of the hour. course, while Morgan has been lavish 
with vitriolic criticism, and Gorman has continued to 
introduce obstructive resolutions. Morgan practically 
accuses the administration of bribing Reyes, and says 
our course is "a national scandal that would disgrace 
Turkey." The President has sent to Congress a 
special message defining his course, and offering fur- 
ther facts regarding diplomatic negotiations that have 
taken place. Meanwhile, commercial bodies through- 
out the South are petitioning their senators not to 
ohstruct but to ratify the Panama treaty. Not only 
the Louisiana legislature but the Mississippi senate 
has instructed its senators to vote for the treaty. The 
treaty will undoubtedly be ratified. 

Eugene E. Schmitz as a labor candidate for governor 
Eugene e ' s tne °ld-new news that comes from 

Schmitz the convention of the State Federation 

for Governor. of Labor at Fresno. We hear that Mr 

Parry is telling the delegates that the mayor is re- 
ceiving letters from all over the State urging him 
to run. and stating the writers 1 belief that he can be 
elected. At this writing, the convention is still in 
session, and it will not be quite clear whether those 
who favor labor unions engaging in politics or those 
who frown upon the idea have the upper hand until 
the smoke of battle clears away. The election to the 
presidency of Harry Knox is a triumph for the politi- 

The Senate Committee on Military Affairs on Monday 
General submitted to the Senate a one-hundred- 

page report recommending the con- 
firmation of Brigadier-General Wood to 
he major-general. Eight of the committeemen con- 
curred in the report (six being Republicans and two 
Democrats), and Scott. Republican, and Black, Demo- 
crat, disapproved. In the matter of the three-thou- 
sand-dollar silver service, the majority report declares 
that " in the mere fact that General Wood accepted 
gifts from the Jai Alai Company there is nothing to be 
criticised," and in the matter of the article attacking 
Brooke, which Runcie alleges Wood instigated, the 
word of Ray Stannard Baker and Wood is accepted 

to Win 

and Runcie discredited. Though it is understood that 
Senator Hanna and perhaps others will make speeches, 
on the floor of the Senate, against Wood's confirma- 
tion, it seems to be generally conceded that his nom- 
ination will eventually be confirmed. 

We clip from the Chicago Record -Herald a display 
advertisement of the Santa Fe. Re- 

L li mate in Chi- 
cago, San Fran- duced from scare-heads to plain type it 

Cisco. San Diego. mns Hke this . 

California or Chicago? 

Temperature in Chicago, December 13th: Morning, — 13 
degrees : noon. — 8 degrees ; evening, — 3 degrees. 

Temperature in San Diego, December 13th: Morning. 52 
degrees; noon. 61 degrees; evening, 59 degrees. 

In Chicago — Snow, ice, and a raw lake wind. 

In California — Sunshine, flowers, and soft airs of summer. 

Why not change now from winter to summer? The journey 
from snow to roses can be made in less than three days on 
the California Limited, etc. 

The particular thing we desire to point out about 
this advertisement is that not only was the tempera- 
ture of a highly satisfactory sort at San Diego, but 
some 450 miles northward at San Francisco the tem- 
perature was practically the same. The maximum at 
San Diego, as stated by the Weather Bureau, on De- 
cember 13th, was 62 degrees; at San Francisco. 54, a 
difference of only 8 degrees. The minimum tempera- 
ture at San Diego on the same date was 50 degrees ; 
at San Francisco, 48 degrees. Such are some of the 
wonders of the California climate. 


"Great, Gaunt, Beastly Birds "— " Jeff," the Admiral of the Navy— A 
General Who Looks Like a Twelve- Year-Old — "Volun- 
teers " Tied With Ropes. 

The " special correspondents " that the metropolitan 
dailies have sent to the Isthmus have dispatched to 
their respective journals some forty columns of de- 
scription and chronicle. Most of it is rather dull, con- 
sidering the opportunity, but " F. C," in the Xew York 
Evening Post, presents some graphic and interesting 
pictures of life "on the eighth parallel of latitude." 
Here is his survey of the physical conditions: 

Except between Colon on the Atlantic side and Panama on 
the Pacific, there is no land communication. The brooding, 
unexplored forest presses close to the canal cuttings and the 
railway — the one trail across this forty-mile neck. To enter 
the bush anywhere from it one has to send men ahead with 
machetes to cut a way to pass the body through. At the two 
ends of this iron and lignum vita? trail are gathered some 
Americans, Spanish, a few Germans, and many negroes. Colon 
is scarcely half as big as Tompinksville. L. I., and Panama is 
not a third the size of Long Island City. Nothing lies be- 
tween one settlement and the other, except scattered palm- 
thatched shacks and flimsy, French-built, tin-roofed bunga- 
lows. Heat, rain, exile, solitude, disease, death ; ma- 
laria in the plowing of the soil, foulness in the water, fever 
in the bite of a mosquito, alligators open-mouthed in the 
rivers, great, gaunt, beastly birds floating always above on 
watch for something to die so they may eat — in such a set- 
ting, under the glare of a fierce sun. against a silent wilder- 
ness full of mystery'- character comes out sharply defined. 
Some day Colon may be the Port Said of the Western Hemi- 
sphere ; but not yet. Its people now are consuls, railway offi- 
cers, engineers, brakemen, small merchants, and Jamaica ne- 

The great men of the " Republic of Panama " are 
rather odd characters. Witness this description of the 
admiral of the navy: 

For the time being, the admiral of the Panama navy is 
General H. O. Jeffries. " I am not a swashbuckler,'" he de- 
clares, and he hates to be thought a soldier of fortune. The 
moment the revolution was declared he was selected as the 
one man fit to take command of Admiral Varon's converted 
fruiter, the Twenty-First of Noi'ember, and go out and chase 
the Colombian gunboat Bogota. On sea as on land he has 
been in numerous battles. Once he went out guerrilla 
fashion, and took a gunboat named Taboga. There was a 
British ship near by. and she hauled up. 

"' You are a pirate." was the hail of the Britisher. " Come 

'* M-m-m," answered Jeffries. " You come aboard here. 
It's safer." 

And when they boarded him he had so much champagne 
popping at their elbows that when he said he would pay six 
thousand dollars to the vessel's owners they forgot their 

Jeffries was born in New York, in East Sixteenth Street. 
Before he was of age he began to operate in ward politics, 
his earliest service being on behalf of the assembly candi- 
dacy of Theodore Roosevelt. No American has been in more 
revolutions; he is the "Jeff" referred to in Davis's " Soldiers 
of Fortune," but he does not like the distinction. " I lent 
Davis mules in Honduras, where I was boss of everything, 
and he should have treated me better," he says, sadly. 

Here is a lifelike portrait of a Colombian general: 

General Huertas [who took twenty-five thousand dollars 
to capitulate to the revolutionists] is about the size of a 
twelve-year-old boy. He has been a soldier since he was nine 
years old. Many soldiers of Colombia are scarcely old or big 
enough to carry a gun without staggering under it. The re- 
coil is likely to knock them over, so when fighting they brace 
themselves against a tree, or He flat upon the ground. " They 
are very good fighters." the mayor of Panama assures me ; 
" they can glide through the bush when a man can not, as 
easy as serpents." In New York they would be arrested by 
the Gerry Society (1 am speaking literally, trying for no ef- 

fect) ; and if they worked in the coal mines of Pennsylvania 
or the cotton mills of the South it would be a scandal. 
Huertas was one of them. He has no fear ; but he has no 
education beyond that of the camp-fire and battle-field. He 
now commands the Panama army of one thousand eight 
hundred men. 

" F. C." tells this story of how the Colombian gov- 
ernors of Panama got money to carry on the semblance 
of government: 

Every member of the present Junta was among the company 
of twenty-three Conservatives of Panama called together by 
Governor Alban a few years ago. 

" Gentlemen," he said, when they assembled in the Yellow 
Room of the Palacio del Gobierno. "'the Conservatives need 
fifty thousand dollars. I will withdraw while you arrange the 

Retiring, he summoned his soldiers, and placed a cordon 
around the building. Returning to the Yellow Room, he 
was met with protests. 

" There are soldiers all about this house," he replied. "' Be- 
fore you pass through them you will subscribe fifty thousand 
dollars." Again he withdrew ; and when he returned the 
paper had been signed. 

These subscriptions were prettily called " voluntary sub- 
scriptions." Sometimes, if one of the eventual contributors 
was obstinate, he was made to take chili sauce and salt water. 
The suffering from this is so shocking, one is assured, that 
" when the man recovered he was fit for treason." At any 
rate he was in a receptive mood for suggestions of secession, 
and only bided his time. 

An amusing story (a joke on a pawnbroker is always 
amusing) told of Alban is the following: 

Two sisters came to him to seek the release of their brother 
from prison. 

"" Bring me four hundred dollars," he answered them, " and 
he can go free." 

The girls sold all their jewelry', but could raise only three 
hundred dollars. " I must have the full four hundred dollars," 
he insisted. The girls borrowed the other one hundred dol- 
lars of a usurer, and returned with the money. 

" Ah, I thought you could get it," he remarked. *" How did 
you do it?" 

They showed him the receipts for the jewelry; they showed 
him the contract with the usurer. 

"What!" he exclaimed. "Ten per cent, a month?" He 
sent at once for the usurer. 

" You took the jewels of these girls, giving them only 
three hundred dollars, and then you charge them ten per cent, 
a month on the other one hundred dollars? Bring those 
jewels to me. Bring also their contract to pay." When the 
usurer came back Alban gave the jewels to the sisters, tore 
up the papers, sent the money-lender back to his pawnshop, 
wrote out a full pardon for the brother of the girls, and — 
kept the four hundred dollars as punishment to the usurer. 

Soldiers as well as money were obtained by peculiar 
means. Merrill A. league, another correspondent, de- 
clares that: 

There are in existence to this day notes written by recruit- 
ing officers to camp commanders which run like this : " I am 
sending you a squad of fresh volunteers. Please return the 
ropes at once, as I may be able to send you another squad 
of volunteers to-morrow or the day after." 

Evidently our sanitarians will have their work cut 
out for them when they start in to make the Isthmus 
healthful : 

In Panama city poisonous vapors from decomposing refuse 
mix with the dampness of the atmosphere (.underclothing in 
your room is wet if exposed to air at night), and are inhaled 
with deleterious effects. There is a sewer, but it is unventi- 
lated. Tides or winds drive its gases out into the city air, and 
into dwellings. There is no up-to-date plumbing, house drain- 
age, pipe ventilation, etc. Even careful attention to personal 
habits is not a safeguard ; for the three sisters of Superin- 
tendent Shaler, of the Panama Railroad, died this year from 
yellow fever. This is communicated by mosquitoes, and 
every time you are bitten you have lugubrious fancies about 
your end. If you catch the mosquito and examine him, the 
cognoscenti say, you can tell whether he is " loaded " or not. 
About seven days after he has bitten a fever patient he 
becomes bloated and yellow and " loaded " — and dangerous. 

Another pretty "picture of " life on the eighth parallel 
of latitude " : 

At present there is only one shower-bath on the Isthmus. 
You might run out naked into a torrential rain, if you do not 
mind getting a possible chigger in your toe, red bugs on your 
legs, or a rosamanna under your skin. This last causes a 
swelling like a carbuncle, which has to be treated with a 
scalpel. One of the American canal commissioners got om 
in his ear. 

It will surprise most people to learn that parts of the 
Isthmus, inhabited by the San Bias tribes of Indians, 
are as unknown as interior Africa before Stanley: 

About all that coast traders know of the San Bias tribes 
is that they drink Chigi rum, that unfaithfulness in women 
is punished severely, that a man may have as many wives ar 
he can sustain, and that when a maiden marries she prepares 
herself by sitting for days in her half cellar, half thatch house 
while the bridesmaids pour salt water over her. Meantime, her 
betrothed has invited his friends to a dinner and carouse last- 
ing over several sunrises. 

One of the caciques of these tribes recently visited 
Panama to pay allegiance to the new republic: 

He wears, on diplomatic missions, a uniform that would 
make a Haytian general envious. It is from the most telling 
caps, coats, and boots of all armies. He had heard rumors 
of an invasion from the Colombian side : and he had come 
to request the minister of war to provide his people with 
" one shotgun and plenty ammunition." With such an arma- 
ment, he explained, he could kill off the whole force of in- 
vaders if they tried to pass his country, for the 
through a narrow defile, and he could pick then 
by one. A shotgun was preferred becaus<- ii 
for wild game afterward. 



January ii, 1904. 


A Story of Expiation. 

It was Holy Week in Taos, where the religion of 
civilization is engrafted on the practices of harbarism 
— rank, riotous barbarism. The pueblo is Indian, 
but within sight is the Mexican hamlet of Los Ranchos 
de Taos, where the low Truchas Mountains bend in 
and shut away all outside influences so completely it 
might be still under the old Mexican dominion. The 
Indians, who have become somewhat Mexicanized. 
have, without losing any of their own tribal traits, 
acquired the religion and some of the superstitions 
of the Mexican race; the result being an unwhole- 
some complexity. But some of the Indian women, who 
by a happy chance combine the best features of both 
races, are almost beautiful in their rigid symmetry 
of outline, and it was one of these straight-limbed, 
dark-eyed, brown-skinned beauties who saved Jack- 
son's life. 

When Jackson's party had prospected the lower 
ridge and turned toward the river, Jackson, with his 
usual pig-headed obstinacy, had elected to retrace his 
course on a lower level. So, without much regret on 
either side, they had made a division of the " grub " and 
parted at the foot of the mountain. And it was in blast- 
ing a prospect in this mountain that Jackson had met 
with his accident. The Indians who had passed him 
had no respect for a man with his leg blown half 
away, so, after lying several days with scant food and 
no shelter, he decided his only course was to make 
an exit from so inhospitable a world. Accordingly, 
while his strength still served to accomplish it, he 
reached for his knife and ran his fingers caressingly 
along its edge. But even as he did so, trying to 
imagine what it might be like to step out unbidden 
into the dark, a fleet-footed young thing, with startled, 
fawn-like eyes, stopped in her flight and looked 
wonderingly at the man on the ground. The man 
watched her, too, as she stood looking at him, and stayed 
his hand. His mind was somewhat clouded by the 
fever and pain, but a feeling came over him that if 
those black eyes would come back and look at him 
again in that way he might not be in so great a hurry 
to make his exit. After thinking it over he decided 
to wait and see if they would come back. It was a 
thousand pities, he had felt at the time, that a man 
of his prowess should be forced to sneak out of 
the world in this ignoble fashion. 

Then, after many hours of weary waiting, when 
the shadows began to lengthen and the air to grow 
cool and the pain in his foot to grow less, the bushes 
parted, and sure enough the same black eyes bent 
down and peered at him till the darkness fell be- 
tween them and cut her off. 

That was the beginning. The end was fore- 
ordained. With a woman's quick eye she saw what 
was needed, and the next night Jackson had double 
rations and a braided mat to sleep under. The knife 
was put back in his pocket, and the next time it was 
taken out it was used by a pair of strong brown 
hands to strip off the inner bark of a tender sapling 
and to dig up healing roots and herbs. And when 
his leg was well enough to admit of his being moved, 
it was Nita who found a shelter for him, and Nita, 
black-eyed, strong-limbed Nita, who bore him on her 
own strong young shoulders and laid him on a couch 
of soft branches. And again it was Nita who brought 
water and provisions to keep up his strength, and 
charms and potions to keep the fever out of his leg. 

Where Nita came from or to whom she belonged 
Jackson never troubled himeslf to ask. He accepted 
her devotion as a natural compensation for the weeks 
of disability he was forced to endure because of his 
misfortune. And Nita the while, with the passionate 
devotion of the Mexican nature and the stolid fidelity 
of the Indian, watched over him, bound his leg with 
soothing herbs, and accepted his grunts of satisfac- 
tion when she pleased him, and his curses when, in 
dressing his wound, she hurt him, with the same dumb 
devotion in her black eyes. 

After several weeks of careful nursing and plenty 
of nourishing food, Jackson began to feel his strength 
returning, and with it a wild desire to be up and 
away. This enforced inaction had whetted his de- 
termination to strike the vein they were prospecting 
for, and to liis delight, the leg he had thought in- 
jured beyond hope, proved, when the rude splints 
were taken off, to be as straight and useful as ever. 
As soon as he began to feel able to push on again 
and connect himself with the world beyond the moun- 
tain, Nita's care was no longer necessary to him. 
Then he resurrected from some hitherto unsuspected 
source in his nature a moral compunction that had not 
disturbed him in tin- least when be lay sick and help- 
less in Xita's bands. 

One evening, as be sal watching her deft brown 

I -is weaving reds and browns into a mat, he tried 

to speak to her as if lie had not planned out the whole 
dialogue days before. 

" BoniUi," he said, pointing to the mat. 

"Mm in." she answered, in an ecstacy of happiness 

at his approbation. She raised her great black eyes 

H ■ 1 grown deep and earnest since he had known 

I her clear, straight outlines stood out against 

I sky like a young Creek goddess done in 

1 suddenly found himself at a loss for Eurther 
and realized he had set himself a difficult task. 

It would probably be better to " slope " some night 
and let her find it out for herself; but this new-born 
sense of moral responsibility would not let him rest 
at that, so with a highly virtuous air he continued in 
his broken Spanish : " This is not right, Nita. Malo, 
malo, Nita mia." 

The brown fingers stopped their braiding, and the 
eyes widened in apprehension. How could she have 
displeased him? 

" This is not good, I tell you," he went on. " This 
is a sin. You better to home, Nita. You not mi 
miijcr, this is not bueno," he explained, with a com- 
prehensive wave of his hand that included the little 
shack she had made so habitable for him and the 
happy life it had sheltered. " I have to go back over 
the mountain where I came from; so you be a good 
girl, Nita, and go home." 

The mat dropped to the ground, and the brown 
figure cowered in the dust as the import of his words 
slowly dawned upon her mind. As for the sin, that 
didn't matter so long as she had him. 

" Me voy contigo," she pleaded. Whenever he was 
ready to go across the mountain she was ready, too. 

Jackson set his teeth. This thing had to be settled, 
and she might as well be made to understand to-night. 
The primitive nature, he told himself, did not feel 
poignantly, and as soon as he was gone she would 

" I can't take you with me over the mountain ; it 
would he a sin, I tell you," he repeated, gruffly. 

This, then, was the reason — it would be a sin. Her 
mind grappled with the argument. He could not take 
her with him because she was not his wife. But he 
had never asked her to be his wife, and she could 
not have let him die alone with no one to take care 
of him. Jackson felt his spine stiffening with con- 
scious virtue as he proceeded. " Now you go home, 
Nita, and be good, and don't make a fuss about it, and 
by and by you will forget all about me." 

Go home and be good ! She could not go home. 
But if she had been good, she reasoned, if she had not 
taken care of him and worked for him, if she had 
left him alone to die of his wound, then she would 
have been good. 

During the next few days Jackson was bored to 
death by Nita's weeping and moaning. Like all men, 
the thing in the world he most dreaded and quailed 
before was a woman's tears, even though he had been 
the cause of them. He had hoped her Navajo stolidity 
would spare a " scene," but instead she gave herself 
up to her wailing as assiduously as if it had been a 
death dance; until at last, yielding to the force and 
eloquence of his persuasions, she had slipped away as 
unceremoniously as she had appeared. 

And now it was Holy Week in Taos, and Jackson's 
thoughts were for the time diverted from his own 
problem in moral ethics by the doings of the Order of 

In the little shack, with his limb comfortably bound, 
Jackson had known little of the life of the natives, 
and, with his customary indifference to everything out- 
side his own orbit, had never cared enough to ask 
what the Penitentes were ; but there was not one detail 
of' the life he had lived since his lot had been cast 
among them that his dusky neighbors did not know. 
And now that he no longer had Nita for a go-between, 
it did not take him long to find he was held in anything 
but a friendly light by the natives. 

When, after the first day of Nita's absence, Jack- 
son fully realized she was gone, and that he was. alone 
with no one to look after his wants, he began to 
wonder what had ever possessed him to disturb matters 
as they stood. The next day he found his foot, without 
the cooling herbs and careful dressing, was not as 
well as he had supposed it to be; the necessity of 
foraging for himself also was not so agreeable as hav- 
ing his wants anticipated. By the third day he dis- 
covered his present condition was unendurable, and 
began to long for Nita to come back, and, recalling 
her devotion during all the weeks that had passed, had 
no doubt that she would come. 

But while Jackson sat alone in his doorway strain- 
ing his ears for every rustling twig or hastening foot- 
step, the little group of Penitentes in the Morada 
welcomed silently the new candidate who came slowly 
toward them, not dreaming this was to be the cause 
of the rigors of the order being thereafter forbidden 
to women. During the days of rigid fasting and 
scourging that followed there was scarcely a sound 
uttered, and the little band kept close in the Morada 
until Holy Thursday, the day for the final purification, 

In their black-face masks and white sacrificial gar- 
ments, the Penitentes, all weakened by loss of sleep and 
long fasting, prepared for their pilgrimage to the 
cross on the hillside. Their last rite in the Morada 
had been to lacerate their backs with sharp pieces of 
metal, which started the blood to flowing freely. As 
the penitential file began to move, it was preceded by 
a tall man carrying a huge wooden crucifix, a trio of 
tom-tom players, and a boy winding a sort of rude 
Hute. In the hands of each Penitente was placed, as he 
emerged from the Morada, a long scourge of braided 
yucca fibre ending in a thick fringe, which, at the 
first sound of the flute and tom-toms, he began to wield 
with all his strength as the penitential file wended its 
painful way toward the Hill of Calvary. 

Under the torture to their quivering flesh the 
Penitentes reeled and staggered, but kept a rythmic 
time with the dismal music, and the bleak night wind 
that whistled across the barren hills, and cut into the 

aching gashes of the naked backs, bore the mockery 
of the tom-toms over the mesa to the little shack under 
the hill. 

Onward toward the cross the file continued, weary 
and faint from loss of blood, but still plying the 
scourge which was now clotted with blood that made 
the fringe into knotty ropes. A few of the women 
began to falter. Penance and fasting had so weak- 
ened their bodies, their spirit, too, began to fail. One 
who had started among the first, and whose energy 
in the Morada had been noted by all the others, was 
soon seen to flag under the stress of the heavy climb. 
Little by little she began to lose ground. Those who 
had been far behind her at the outset now passed her 
and left her toiling on along. Finally she was the last 
one in the procession, her footprints marked in blood, 
but she kept on desperately, knowing that every bleed- 
ing step was bringing her nearer the cross and the 
expiation of her sin. Once, as the air grew black 
about her, she stumbled and fell, and in accordance with 
the rules of the order could not be succored, but see- 
ing with half-blinded eyes the cross was not yet 
reached, she rallied her failing powers, and with a 
dogged desperation started on again. The cross must 
be gained, for therein lay her only hope of expiation. 

Round and round the hill in ever varying circles the 
penitential file wound. The last fainting Penitente 
marked the distance, as nearly as her failing senses 
could discern, to two more turns when the goal would 
be reached. She was now several paces behind her 
neighbor, staggering and muttering to herself and un- 
able longer to ply her scourge. Dark wavering shapes 
arose out of the chaos around her, their hideous height 
towering between her and the cross. When she threw 
out her arms in a wild appeal toward the holy summit 
of the hill, the shapes faltered and fled back into the 
darkness, but when she looked again the cross, too, 
wavered and disappeared in lurid blotches of red. 

One more round was thus slowly and painfully 
made, and now only the last and smallest circle of all 
remained. If she could summon strength enough to 
crawl the rest of the way she might still reach the 
cross. Her darkening mind circled about the one 
thought, keeping time with the tom-toms, " If I can 
only reach the cross — if I can only — only " 

But the rigors of her fasting, the scourgings, the 
remorse that had been preying on her spirit, over- 
matched her powers. Madre di Diosl — she was sink- 
ing! Almost within reach of the cross, just in sight 
of her expiation, and left dying on the outskirts of the 
last circle, her sufferings all in vain and' her cause 

With a moan she dropped, almost at the foot of the 
cross, but with her sin still upon her. She threw out 
her arms in a last appeal and fell across the long, black 
shadow that stretched its inexorable arms above her 
while the procession wound on without her. 

Jackson, having given up all hope of Nita's return, 
had, by some ironical chance of fate, chosen that same 
night to set out for the mountain. As he slipped out 
of the shack he turned for a half amused, half re- 
gretful, glance behind him at the braided mat left 
unfinished on the floor, the rude crucifix on the wall, 
and the poor contrivances toward little creature-com- 
forts devised by Nita's deft hands; then slung his 
knapsack, and started off. 

Guided by the sounds that came in fitful gusts 
across the mesa, Jackson turned to the direction of 
the Hill of Calvary. The tragedy was over. All but 
one had reached the cross and received absolution for 
their sins. 

On the outskirts of the crowd a little group bent 
above the form of the fallen Penitente. With reverent 
fingers some one removed the mask from her face, 
and the flickering light of the torches revealed the 
agonized, distorted features of Nita, fleet-footed, 
strong-limbed, black-eyed Nita, no longer beautiful, 
but torn and bleeding, in the hope of expiating her 
sin in order that she might be worthy to follow the 
Gringo over the mountain; her features emaciated 
almost past recognition, and her countenance not 
stamped with the seal of peace death often leaves. 

With a quick glance, Jackson saw that Nita was 
dead. With another glance into the faces before 
him he saw that the sooner he was on the other side 
of the mountain the better it would be for him. The 
long months of banishment he had undergone had 
been irksome to him, and he was heartily glad to be 
able to get away. He might still be in time, he hoped, 
to meet his party somewhere near the line. 

Exulting in the strength that came from Nita's long 
and careful nursing, he threw back his shoulders, filled 
his lungs with long, deep draughts of the cool night air, 
studied the heavens a moment, then took his bearings, 
and struck north. 

The last faint notes of the tom-toms, playing now a 
triumphant strain, reached him as he descended the 
farther slope of the hill. With the sounds came also 
the picture of Nita as he had first seen her, and Nita 
now lying dead and friendless under the black shadow 
of the cross. A moment he stood irresolute. Then 
with a shrug, he shook off whatever thought may have 
prompted the action, as he muttered to himself: "What 
the devil did the little fool want to make such a fuss 
about it for !" Marguerite Stabler. 

San Francisco, January, 1904. 

Horace G. Burt has resigned the presidency of the 
Union Pacific Railroad, and will make a tour of the 
world. It is probable that Edward H. Harriman will 
succeed him. 

January ii, 1904. 




Financial Stringency Among the Extravagant — Money Orgies are 
Ceasing — Gotham's Women Talk Only of Clothes- 
Children Follow Their Bad Example. 

I made mention in my last letter how the cry of 
" hard times " was going up from many sources where 
good times had lasted so long that the beneficiaries 
had begun to think they were to last forever. Now 
that the coffer is not piled high with money, good 
measure, pressed down, and running over, a sort of 
aggrieved surprise has taken possession of people, and 
one hears an amount of " poor talk " that makes one 
feel as if the complainer was short of carfare and 
did not know where to get the wherewithal to pay the 
wash bill. 

It will do the New Yorkers good to have to try a 
little economizing. The class that has been hurt by 
the drop in stocks is the class that, during the last 
fifteen years, has advanced from the stage of a few 
thousands a year to that of a few thousands a month. 
As may be imagined, -they took to the change like 
ducks to water. It is these people who have been put- 
ting up the price of everything in New York, trans- 
forming the simply elegant life that previously dis- 
tinguished the rich Gothamite, and making it the 
spectacular orgie of money-spending that we all hear 
so much about in the daily press. 

They are the people who have assisted in raising 
the wages of servants because, rather than take trouble 
with their domestic domain, they will pay anything 
to get capable employees who will take the whole 
matter off their hands. They are the people who have 
set the fashion of refurnishing their houses every few 
years, of demanding as necessities articles of rare 
worth which, until recently, were regarded as only 
the prerogatives of millionaires. And they are, above 
and beyond all. the people who have set a standard of 
dress of such amazing extravagance that the rich 
American woman has come to be a byword and a re- 
proach even in the booths of Vanity Fair. 

No women in the world spend such sums of money 
on their clothes as the wealthy New Yorkers have 
been doing in the last ten years. The great cou- 
tourieres of Paris are said to manufacture two kinds 
of dresses; one an inexpensive and elegant kind for 
the French grandes dames, and the other a kind of 
florid gorgeousness and sensational cost for the Ameri- 
can women and the Parisian demi-mondaincs. Here 
in New York these women have run the prices of 
clothes up to nearly double what was paid before their 
husbands began to grow rich. Perhaps in their early 
married life they lived in a suburb, and paid fiftv to 
seventy-five dollars to a local dressmaker for their 
best gowns. That was twenty years ago. Now thev 
go to the best places on Fifth Avenue, and pay from 
two to four hundred. 

The dressmakers, with their fingers on the pulse 
of their public, have kept on lifting and lifting their 
prices. They educated their patrons up to paying 
fifty dollars for an unfined blouse that you bought 
in Paris or London for fifteen. They sent them to 
their own especial corseiiere, where one had a corset 
made for thirty dollars which one could get duplicated 
at the Frenchwoman's round the corner for ten. They 
trained them to the subtle extravagances of "hand- 
made tucks," of lingerie so fine that only the most 
proficient blanchisseiise-de-fin could wash it. The 
milliners joined in the chase of the flying dollars, and 
where fifteen dollars was once a reasonable sum to 
pay for a hat, forty and fifty were asked. Every 
article of dress rose in proportion, and with the rise 
in prices the woman's demands for a still choicer dain- 
tiness of apparel rose with it. Everything must be 
made to order, everything must be made by hand. 
Thus, and thus only, could she escape the competition 
of the shop-girl, and feel with satisfaction that if she 
only looked a little more elegant than her rival on the 
surface she was a great deal more so underneath. 

It would be difficult to form any real estimate of 
what such women spend on their wardrobes per 
annum. We all remember that the President's wife 
was reported to have said she spent three hundred dol- 
lars. Personally I am under the impression that she 
was misquoted. If she had said five it would have 
been all right and quite possible. There are thou- 
sands of women now in New York who are fittingly 
and stylishly fitted out on five hundred a year. But 
they are not of the "hand-made tucks" variety; they 
don't get their clothes from abroad; they wear one 
set of furs for three seasons; and they use what real 
lace they possess in places where it shows. 

The other day, a girl of my acquaintance told me 
that one of the most brilliant young matrons of what 
the newspapers call " The Smart Set," had informed 
her that no woman could " be in society " and dress 
on less than five thousand a year. I imagine that this is 
about the sum the well-dressed woman, who is not 
particularly extravagant, has to spend. It seems a 
good deal, but when you come to figure out her ex- 
penses you will see it is quite modest. If she goes 
to the best milliners early in the season her hats will 
cost her from twenty-five to fifty dollars apiece; her 
gowns from one hundred and fifty to three hundred; 
her furs three or four hundred more. Her made-to- 
order shoes and slippers will be ten dollars a pair; 
her corsets twenty-five dollars ; her silk petticoats 
from twenty to thirty. As for her lingerie, that will 
easily run up toward the thousand mark. All things 

considered, the five thousand dollars is a small amount 
for her to get along on, and the young matron who 
thought it sufficient must have been a bit of a 

From this, onward and upward, any amount can be 
spent, and has been spent until this year, when the 
extinguisher was put on many innocent pleasures. One 
very fashionable and beautiful young woman, whose 
name constantly figures in the " society columns," told 
a man of my acquaintance that she " could not get 
on on less than sixty thousand a year." He thought 
the sum excessive, and asked her how she managed 
to spend so much money on her personal adornment. 
She thought a moment, and then replied : " Well, 
real lace on my underclothes gets away with a good 
deal of it." 

As might be imagined, dress is an absorbing topic of 
conversation among women of this kind. A female 
stranger can have three recommendations to their so- 
ciety — to play a good game of " bridge " ; to know a 
good recipe for losing weight; and to have discovered 
a new dressmaker. No women in the world are more 
preoccupied with their clothes. They perpetually talk 
about them. With some it has assumed the engross- 
ing proportions of a fixed idea. You can work the con- 
versation round on Chinese music and the Bacon- 
Shakespeare controversy, and in a few skillfully en- 
gineered sentences they will switch it back on to the 
advantage of shirring over pleating and the enduring 
beauties of chiffon velvet. 

It is hardly necessary to say that their society is not 
intensely interesting, unless you happen to have the 
same bee in your bonnet. If you at the moment are 
wondering whether shirring or pleating will make you 
look smaller round the hips, then seek their company, 
for they will know all about it, and their dictum will 
have the value of expert opinion. I often wonder 
what they talk to men about. There are men who 
appear to take an interest in such esoteric subjects as 
the proper trimming for skirts and the cut of bodices. 
But they are scarce, not half enough of them to go 
round among the ladies, whose interests are hounded 
on the north by the dressmaker and the south by the 
milliner. One of them sat near me at a dinner, the 
other evening, and she entertained the man beside her 
with a long and exhaustive account of her system of 
dieting. It was evidently a good system, for she was as 
" thin as a June shad," as the fishermen say. 

The younger girls, and even the little ones, brought 
up in this atmosphere, develop exactly the same 
mental trend. The children of such households talk- 
knowingly of styles and costumes long before they are 
in their teens. It is a most unfortunate thing, as they 
are constantly bright and promising, and in different 
surroundings would grow up intelligent and charming 
women. But as they hear nothing else talked about 
they come to think their clothes are the most important 
feature of their lives. I was waiting, the other after- 
noon, at a friend's house for the chatelaine to come 
downstairs. Her little girl — twelve years old — appeared 
upon the scene, and sitting cozily down beside me 
on the sofa, began to examine my costume with an ex- 
ploring eye that I found quite disconcerting. I tried 
to engage her in diverting conversation, but she was 
not interested. After looking me carefully over. s"he 
suddenly nestled affectionately nearer, and said: 
"Don't you just adore little tucks?" 

The best thing that could have happened to these 
people is a loss of money. They were losing their 
heads. Luxury was eating into the better part of them 
like an acid. Not that they have had the sort of 
" spell " which makes it necessary for them to " go 
West " and start afresh. They are still in their brown- 
stone fronts, with a retinue of well-trained servants 
and a long list of invitations for the Christmas sea- 
son. But there has been a sudden check in the gorge 
of money-getting, and a corresponding pull-up in the 
orgie of money-spending. Especially in the matter of 
dress has there been a necessity to consider the dol- 
lar. The craze for expensive clothes has had to be 
conquered, anyway, for a time. Instead of Russian 
sables they buy serviceable Persian lamb; the real 
lace that didn't show has been replaced by good imi- 
tations. They complain as much about these depriva- 
tions as an East Side family might if they had to live 
on lentils and have meat only once a week. But, after 
all, the point of view is purely a matter of what one 
has been accustomed to. Geraldine Bonner. 

New York, December 30, 1903. 

Captain Frederick Pabst, president of the Pabst 
Brewing Company, died at his home in Milwaukee on 
January 1st, at the age of sixty years. Pulmonary 
edema was the cause of his death. He was a native 
of Thuringen, Saxony, and came to America with his 
parents in 1848. He first worked in a hotel for five 
dollars per month and board, then as a cabin-boy on a 
steamer, finally becoming part owner of a ship. In 
1862, he married a daughter of Philip Best, a brewer, 
entering business with his father-in-law, and laying 
the foundation of an immense fortune. 

Mr. Yerkes, the Chicago street-railway magnate, 
has formulated and promulgated the following rules 
of conduct : " The worst fooled man is the one who 
fools himself." " Have one object in life. Follow it 
persistently and determinedly. If you divide your 
energies you will not succeed." " Have no regrets. 
Look to the future. The past is gone and can not be 
brought back." 


King Edward has conferred knighthood on James 
Knowles, formerly editor of the Contemporary Review, 
now editor of the Nineteenth Century. 

It is rumored that a marriage is being arranged be- 
tween King Alfonso and his cousin, Princess Maria 
del Pilar, daughter of Prince Ludwig of Bavaria and 
Infanta Maria de la Paz. Princess Maria del Pilar 
was born in 1891, and is therefore only twelve years 
old. King Alfonso is seventeen years of age. 

Secretary of State John Hay still continues quite 
ill with bronchitis. Mr. Hay's throat gives him trouble 
every winter, and the present attack, while not at all 
serious, is the most stubborn he has had in several 
years. Unless it gets better soon he will visit Thomas- 
ville, Ga., the climate of which place has hitherto 
proved beneficial. 

Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson recently ob- 
served his eigthieth birthday anniversary. He is in 
perfect health, and says he is happy as a school-boy. 
The venerable author told his friends that he was es- 
pecially grateful for two things — that he is not rich 
and that he has had the health and habits to earn 
an honest living in literature. 

Anthony Comstock, secretary of the New York So- 
ciety for the Suppression of Vice, is seriously ill at 
his home in Summit. N. J. His illness is the result 
of injuries he received in attempting to arrest a doctor 
on a charge of disseminating obscene literature. Mr. 
Comstock on that occasion was taken to his home with 
three broken ribs and bruises all over his body, re- 
ceived in a tussle with the physician. 

For the first time in its history, the Royal Society 
of England has bestowed its " honorary reward " on 
a woman. The Sir Humphrey Davy gold medal and 
the honorary reward, considered of equal importance, 
were recently given by Sir William Huggins, the 
president to M. Pierre and Mme. Sklodowski Curie, re- 
spectively. Mme. Curie, in 1898, received the Gegner 
prize of three thousand eight hundred francs from the 
Paris Academy of Sciences, and also holds the Ber- 
thelot gold medal of the Academy. She is by birth a 
Pole, and the newly discovered substance, polonium, 
was named by her in honor of her native land. 

Miss Annie Connell, of Council Bluffs, has filed a 
suit in the United States court against the Convent 
of the Sisters of Mercy in Omaha for thirty thousand 
dollars, alleging that she had been forced by the au- 
thorities at the convent to do such work that she was 
a physical wreck. Miss Connell was formerly a mem- 
ber of the order, but some time ago secured a special 
dispensation from the Pope to withdraw from the so- 
ciety. According to her petition, Miss Connell be- 
came a Sister of Mercy in 1891, receiving the name 
of Sister Mary Luigi Gonzaga. Although delicate, 
she says, she was required to scrub floors and do other 
hard manual labor in the convent, and her health gave 
way. She says she was often forced to work eighteen 
to twenty hours daily. 

Five years ago Queen Wilhelmina was crowned 
at Amsterdam amid fervent demonstrations of a 
popular enthusiasm astounding to those who until then 
had regarded the Dutch as the most reserved and 
phlegmatic .among nations. Now, it is said that the 
least observant traveler may perceive that Queen Wil- 
helmina is no longer the idol of her people. Her mar- 
riage is not regarded as an unqualified success. Prince 
Heinrich is unfortunate in not possessing the winning 
manner. He is still a stranger in a land very definitely 
adverse to anything German. When the royal pair 
recently opened parliament, some of the spectators 
did not even lift their hats as the queen passed. Queen 
Wilhelmina, since her dangerous illness, is changed 
and pale, in sombre contrast to the bright smiles and 
healthful aspect of her girlhood. The murmur of 
growing anxiety as to the national future is every- 
where audible. All Holland sighs for a direct heir 
to the throne, and discusses the subject incessantly. 
The idea of becoming Germanized is abhorrent. 

During a joint discussion at Hope, Ark., by the 
three candidates for governor, a fight took place be- 
tween Governor Jefferson Davis and Judge Carroll D. 
Wood. Governor Davis spoke first. He called Judge 
Wood " a traitor." Judge Wood objected. Resent- 
ing the objection, the governor seized his gold-headed 
cane. People interfered, and so the governor went on 
with his speech and finished it. Subsequent proceed- 
ings are thus described in the sheriff's affidavit: "The 
parties on the stage began to mix around. I saw 
Governor Davis jerk his walking-cane from Senator 
Jobe. Then Judge Wood made toward him and shoved 
Judge Bourland out of the way. Bourland then 
clinched Judge Wood from behind. Mr. Ward was 
also by the side of Judge Wood, having hold of his 
left arm. Davis then struck Judge Wood over the 
head and shoulders of Mr. Ward, hitting Judge Wood 
twice, once on the head and once on the cheek. I think 
he struck three blows, but only two took effect. Judge 
Wood made a lunge, freeing himself from Bourland 
and Ward, and grabbed the stick from Davis and made 
at him, and struck him one blow, which Davis warded 
off with his arm." About this time, the slier- ' 
to observe, and began to act, and the fight 
But the head of Judge Wood was " all blugg 


January ii, 1904. 


Gotham Goes Wild Over Wagner's Music-Drama—Six Thousand Peo- 
ple See the First Production— A Grand Scenic Triumph— 
The Critics Disagree— Art and Money. 

Richard Wagner's music-drama. " Parsifal." pro- 
duced in New York on Christmas Eve for the first time 
outside of Beyreuth. had the advantage of more pre- 
liminary advertising than ever fell to the lot of any 
other play presented in this country. At Beyreuth. 
where it has heen played for years in the Wagner- 
ian theatre, it has been the magnet for pilgrims, 
some of them music-lovers, others curiosity-seekers. 
They spread its fame and made it fashionable. About 
a year ago, the announcement was made that " Par- 
si fill was to be given in New York. The statement 
created a ripple of excitement. This grew into some- 
thing of a wave when the widow of Richard Wagner 
brought suit to prevent the performance. What the 
suit lacked in sensationalism was skillfully supplied, 
until, by the time the courts had decided that the play 
might he produced outside of Germany, and the news- 
papers bad gotten into full swing, an overwhelming 
tidal-wave of excitement swept not only New York 
but the whole East, and reached even the borders of 
the country. 

Newspaper discussion is essential to the success of a 
public function, and Herr Conried, the manager of the 
Metropolitan Opera House, where "Parsifal" was 
given, could not complain of any lack of aid from the 
press. Every paper of any note in New York, 
Chicago. Philadelphia, and Boston gave it columns 
each day. printing and reprinting every scrap of news 
that could be collected regarding every phase of its 
production. They wrote of it editorially, some treating 
it gravelv, some in a jocular vein, some in phrases 
touched by satire. They coined such words as " Par- 
sifalitis." " Parsifalage." and " Parsifallers." They in- 
terviewed everv musician, critic, and manager of note. 
They told the plot, printed some of the music, and pic- 
tured the stage settings. Solemn correspondents, with 
a full realization of their responsibility to the public, 
told what they thought, or thought thev thoueht. of 
"Parsifal." Truly, the man who coined "Parsifalitis " 
was justified. 

As if all this were not enough, the ministers began 
a crusade against the play, denouncing it as sacri- 
legious, Bishop Burgess becoming so excited as to de- 
nounce it as a presentation of a sacred theme " by 
painted actors upon a painted stage." Dr. Parkburst 
lent bis voice to the prettv general ministerial con- 
demnation, and few there were among the gentlemen 
of the cloth who gave the play their approval. Lectur- 
ers joined in the general clamor. One of these had 
bet four thousand dollars that " Parsifal " would not 
be produced in New York. His lectures brought him 
two thousand dollars, leaving him a heavy loser. Then, 
too. the Gerry Society took a hand in the affair, and in- 
sisted that the forty boy-choristers from Calvary 
Episcopal Church should not sing — but thev did sing, 
by reason of "Mr. Conried's apparent acquiescence in 
the society's demands. The youngsters were smuggled 
in while the Gerryites were not looking. 

The question of dress was another theme for hysteri- 
cal discussion. The plav began at five o'clock, con- 
tinued until seven, then, after an intermission of one 
hour and forty-five minutes, was resumed, finishing at 
half after eleven. To go in afternoon dress was all 
right — but six o'clock, the time for the change to 
evening dress, came in the middle of the first act. It 
was impossible to change then and there, though some 
sartorially irreverent wit suggested that the ladies' 
gowns might be false-fronted, and instantaneously 
changed, by the pulling of two or three pins, into after- 
six attire : while the gentlemen could easily provide 
themselves with large shears, with which the fronts of 
waistcoats could be hacked to the proper depth, and 
coat-tails made to assume claw-hammer shape at the 
transformation hour. But even this merry wag could 
mil suggest any solution of the headgear problem, nor 
tell how one who did not care to adopt his suggestions 
was to rush home at seven, eat dinner, shift into even- 
ing at tin-, and return to the theatre in an hour and 
three-quarters. The result of 'the dress discussion was 
that. 111:111} authorities having been interviewed, each 
• >f whom looked upon the mailer in a different light, 
their diverse suggestions were adopted, and the effect 

was mixed. Mosl of the men in the orchestra seats 
appeared in the conventional evening clothes, some in 
the balconies wore frock coats, others came in cut- 
aways, and still others dared to face their fellows in 
tweeds. Women, for the mosl pari, wore matinee 
dresses. Some had on very elaborate afternoon gowns. 

Many of them -and many of the men. also— changed 

their costu I ie during the first intermission. 

Several ingenious gentlemen came in overcoats but- 
toned to the chin, and promptly at six o'clock opened 
them lo reveal tin- full glory of after-dark atlire. tint 
in Front of the theatre, two young men. strangers lo 
each oiler, one in a frock-coat and the other in even- 
ing clothes, came lo blows over which was properly 

I ' not surprising, tl t. after all this publicity and 

•in, six tbon ,n ople should have paid nine- 

ih usand dollars for the privilege of witnessing 
rformance. The box-office receipts were larger 
upon any other occasion, except the opera per- 

formance 'that was given in honor of Prince Henry. 
The crowd, however, was easily handled by a force of 
thirty-five policemen. 

A brief word about the plot of " Parsifal." The 
theme of the story is the Holy Grail, a cup supposed 
to have been used by the Saviour at the Last Supper, 
and to have caught some of His blood when He was 
crucified. It is guarded by a number of Knights of the 
Holy Grail, appointed by Titurel, chief guardian, who 
has built a fitting shrine for the sacred vessel, and who 
can be kept alive only by an occasional sight of the 
cup. Klingsor, a magician, tries to join the ranks 
of the knights, but is repulsed. Out of revenge, he has 
a siren, Kundry, tempt the Grail knights in order that 
they may relinquish their vigilance and allow him to 
secure the cup. Titurel, aging, gives the custody of the 
cup to his son, Amfortas. He is waylaid by Kundry, 
yields, and Klingsor, stealing bis spear, wounds him 
with it. The wound remains an open sore, that can be 
healed only by a touch from the spear that Klingsor 
has stolen. Each time that the Grail is uncovered, Am- 
fortas nearly expires of agony. It has been decided 
that this spear can be recovered only by a " guileless 
fool," and Parsifal, having killed a swan, a bird held 
sacred by the knights, is looked upon as nothing else ; 
consequently he is appointed to bring back the spear. 
He does so, resisting Kundry's blandishments. He re- 
stores the spear, is appointed Grail keeper, and un- 
covers the cup. The opera is extended far beyond this 
point, but the critics pronounce the remainder of it 
irrelevant, and the repetition of the uncovering scene a 
cheap anti-climax. It was at the end of the first act, 
when communion was administered the knights, that 
the grandeur of the opera reached its height, and the 
audience was the most impressed. It was a scene of 
magnificent, awe-inspiring beauty, all the resources 
of the stage-manager's art having heen concentrated 
toward eclipsing anv stage effect ever before produced. 
The effort was successful. Despite Beyreuth traditions, 
applause broke out. 

As to the merits of the play, the critics are divided. 
Bennett, of the Chicago Record-Herald, while 
hardly discussing the quality of the drama, shows his 
own feelings by his description of the effect it had 
on the audience. " ' Parsifal '_ stunned New York and 
humbled it," he writes ; " the most arrogant and the 
smartest city in the world was made reverent." Some 
of the papers glorify it with an air of doing what is 
expected of them. The New York World speaks of 
it as having " much tedious music, with moments of ex- 
quisite melody." The Commercial Advertiser frankly 
says that " the whole effect of ' Parsifal ' in perfor- 
mance on the stage is artificial and remote. Gone is 
that splendid and firing spontaneity that sweep Wagner 
and his hearers through ' Tristan.' . . . He had the 
capacity of self-deception, and he deceived himself 
when he wrote ' Parsifal.' ... It is fundamentally un- 
dramatic, in that everything is foreordained." This 
critic pronounces most of the music either common- 
place or a rehash of other Wagner operas. " None the 
less," he says, " the music of ' Parsifal ' has its splen- 
did moments, above all moments of solemn exaltation 
and rapturous aspirations. ... In places it seems to 
be an instrumentation of quieter, subtler, more trans- 
parent and poetically idealized beauty than Wagner 
has ever attained before." 

Nothing could be much more bitter than what Mr. 
Henderson, of the New York Sun, has this to say of 
" Parsifal ": 

The child of Wagner's artistic decrepitude. Tl is a de- 
crescendo in inspiration, a ritardando in invention. ... It is 
a most imposing pageant set to unimposing music. . . Wag- 
ner fired heaven once with the immolation of Brunnhilde. The 
light on the Holy Grail is white and cold. . . . The scene 
has inspired pages, but on the whole it is almost one long, 
faint echo of Wagner's greater works. Siegfried vainly strives 
to animate this Parsifalian puppet of renunciation with the 
blood of his themes. CloUdlike shreds of " Tristan and Isolde " 
struggle to put sunset tints on this pallid sky. All is copying, 
futile, without inspiration, without novelty — a hotch-potch of 
the old marketable materials, made over with constructive 
skill, but without sincerity. 

Another critic who refused to fall under the spell 
of "Parsifal" is James Huneker. who says: 

The work smells preeminently of the lamp. It lacks spon- 
taneity. Its subject is extremely undramatic. . . . Never has 
Wagner so laboriously built a book. It is a farrago of odds 
and ends, a very dust-urn of his philosophies, beliefs, and 
prejudices. . . . Verily, Wagner was in the twilight of his 
constructive powers when he schemed the poem, though he 
was never so sane as to the commercial pontentialities of 
an undertaking. 

Likewise, there is a division of opinion as to whether 
or not the New York production was better than the 
annual presentation of the play at Beyreuth. Some 
insist that in New York it lacked the reverential as- 
pect, but was better scenically; others hold the opposite 
opinion. David Belasco says that Beyreuth was sur- 
passed, but Walter Dainrosch distinctly disagrees with 
him. The only united voices of praise are for Miss 
Ternina as Kundry. and Alois Burgstaller as Parsifal 
— and even for them the praise is slightly qualified. 
Anion Van Rooy as Amfortas, Robert Blass as Gur- 
nemaiiz. and Otto tiorilz as Klingsor share the fate 
of the opera as to criticism. But all unite in saying 
that it was the greatest stage spectacle even seen in 
this country. Manager Conried received over two 
hundred ami fifty telegrams of congratulation, and in- 
numerable floral offerings. 

It is unlikely that "Parsifal" will be played out- 
side of New York, but it will have seven more per- 
formances there — on January 14th, 21st, and 28th, and 
on February 4th, nth, 16th, and 26th. 


Uncle Sam Cogitating. 
Ef Johnny Bull owned Panama 

Would I be thar with ships and sich, 

Preparin' fur to dig ray ditch 
An' eggin' on my friends tu war? 

Ef William, Emperor by God's grace. 
Owned a square foot in that 'ere clime 
Would my marines be raarkin' time 

Round there or in some other place? 

Ef in that picturesque morass 

John Crapeau in profoundest peace 
Was croaken uv the Marseillaise 

Would I go pokin' raound the grass? 

Wall I dunno, I reckon not, 

But these 'ere chaps are small ye see 
An' they just know how big I be 

An' what a critter I'm when hot. 

Traditions ? Huh ? an' treaties — bosh ! 

In this free land it's might that's right; 

An' I'm jest dyin' fur. a fight. 
Fur I'm almighty naouw, b'gosh. 

— New Haven Register. 

Battle Hymn of the Panama Republic. 
From no mountain height of freedom 

Was our glorious flag unfurled, 
And we sought no grandstand plaudits, 

Firing shots heard round the world. 
Times have changed since gory heroes 

Of their fights for country bragged ; 
Mid no war shouts rose our standard, 

But our courage never flagged. 

For we sat in secret conclave 

When we built us up a state. 
Sons of freedom, cool and cautious. 

Subtle, keen, and up to date ; 
Laid our wires with skill artistic. 

Planning 'gainst untimely slips, 
With much faith in business methods 

And an uncle who has ships. 

No long list of dead and wounded 

Glorifies our virgin scroll. 
Though against the constitution 

We set out for freedom's goal : 
But we've shown how modern heroes. 

Free from wild, unseemly hate. 
Can. without undue excitement. 

Build republics while you wait. 

— Read in the House by Congressman Williams. 

A New Pike County Ballad. 
[With apologies to the author of " Little Breeches."] 
" He don't go much oil religion. 

In the White House there ain't no show ; 
But he's got a middlin' tight grip, sir. 

As I guess them Dagoes know. 
He ain't no saint — them Presidents 

Is all pretty much alike — 
A keerless man in his talk, is he. 

But he knows the time to strike. 

" No man high-toneder could be found 

To preach of actin' on the square. 
But the way he follers a Christian life 

Is to grab his own no matter where. 
The Democrats may rezoloot, 

And the yaller-bellies raise a yell. 
But if one of 'em teches Panama, 

He'll wrastle his hash to-night in hell ! 

" Some cravens said the ship of state, 
Was tearin' along right on a snag. 
With a secretary squat on her safety-valve — 

But. lord, they clean forgot the swag! 
He seen his canal, a dead-sure thing, 
And he went for it less'n half-cock. 
And the French had trust in his cussedness, 
And knowed they'd get their stock." 

— New York Evening Post. 

The Isthmus: A Vision. 
Since the first the two vast continents arose. 

Bearing their dark-faced peoples, did this chain 
Of soil mock at the ocean's foamy strength, 

And angry tides beat on its shores in vain. 

The dark-faced peoples faded, for there came 
The conqueror, in whose resistless hand 

Lay north and south, his wondrous dream fulfilled, 
His the young splendors of each mighty land. 

But yet that bar, that slender bar, that drove 
His great ships tryst with distant seas to keep. 

While, fretting hoarsely on the Isthmus' sands, 
The voice of deep called vainly unto deep. 

Then the gay Queen of Europe mustered hosts 
And bade them cut the bar, and poured her gold 

Into their laps ; the Isthmus kept their bones. 
Their quick flesh blended with the Isthmus mold. 

And the Old World said drearily: "Let be! 

We are but human and the earth is strong. 
Drive the wide fleets down through the Southern seas — 

We must endure what has endured so long!" 

Then, in the beauty of her flawless youth. 

Columbia cried : " The sons whom I have bred 
Grasp at the throat of Failure.""and shall win 

Where other men lie impotent or dead. 

" Safely the golden cargoes shall pass through, 
Far from the jagged capes with perils fraught; 
And I shall watch the wondering nations turn 

Wide eyes on this great work by my sons wrought." 

O mighty trust! I saw it justified ; 

Snapped was the barrier, the great floods set free, 
Wave leaped exultantly to wave and marked 
A glorious marriage for Eternity! 

— Clinton DangcrHeld in January Century. 
m • «■- 

The number of deaths in New York from pneumonia 
during 1903 was 9,691, a greater number than died of 
any other disease. There were nearly 65,000 cases, 
and nearly half of them occurred during the winter 
months. Consumption has taken second place in Ne^' 
York in the list of fatal diseases. 

January ii, 1904. 




Editors Little Known — Hearst's Failure to Down the " News "—James 

Gordon Bennett a Striking Personality - Ogden, Laffan, Ochs, 

and Pulitzer— Manufacturing Advertising. 

Who is Victor Lawson? It may be doubted if the 
average reader of these lines is ready on the instant 
with an accurate reply. And yet Mr. Bowles, editor of 
the Springfield Republican, one of the ten most influ- 
ential newspapers in the United States, remarked in 
a recent public address : " I undertake to say that the 
man who is doing the greatest amount of good in the 
United States to-day is Victor Lawson, editor and pro- 
prietor of the Chicago Daily News" 

Perhaps the statement is an exaggeration. But at 
any rate the mere fact that the man of whom it could 
be made is less well known to the average person than 
Carrie Nation or Prophet Dowie indicates how slight 
is the public's knowledge of the personalities that con- 
trol the great newspapers of the country and exercise 
an incalculable influence upon our national life. 

Mr. Lawson is to-day Mr. Hearst's chief competitor 
in Chicago. Hearst went into Chicago with the in- 
tention of " doing up " the Daily News. That paper, 
on the contrary, has grown and expanded in the face 
of Hearst's competition, and to-day doubtless has the 
largest circulation in its history. It is claimed that 
during November 7,491,967 copies of the News were 
sold and paid for at regular rates, and through the 
regular trade channels. That is a circulation of 312,165 
copies daily — a tremendous one. Yet Mr. Hearst's 
American has neither pined nor died. It flourishes. 
And the explanation seems to be that Hearst's journal 
has actually created a class of readers. He has drawn 
few readers from the News, Chronicle, Post, or Jour- 
nal; he has rather given a paper to those who before 
he invaded Chicago had none, read none, but who 
were mutely hankering for something: srood and yellow. 
It speaks very well for the morals of Chicago as a city 
that so clean a paper as Mr. Lawson's should have 
achieved so notable a success. Mr. Bowles describes 
Lawson " a high-minded, honest, and modest Christian 
gentleman." (That sounds like a joke.") His news- 
paper reflects his personality. It is maintained on 
clean and wholesome lines in its advertisements as well 
as in its reading matter. It is an afternoon paper; 
sells for one cent; runs to amusement and instruction 
in its editorial columns: and is independent of political 
nr business alliances. The Daily News has made Mr. 
Lawson a rich man, but " he is not a candidate for the 
Presidency," and does not pose as a philanthropist. 

"Modest Christian gentlemen" may be very useful 
persons in the newspaper world, but their person- 
alities, the way the world is constituted, do not excite 
the liveliest interest. Far more remarkable a journal- 
istic figure is James Gordon Bennett, editor of the 
New York Herald — the only man in journalism who 
by preference edits his paper from the far end of the 
Atlantic cable. During the thirty years he has been 
master of the Herald, he has dropped into his New 
York office once every two or three years. His latest 
visit — three days long — was last month. Everything 
was ready for him — it is always ready for him. It is 
said that when he sits down to his desk after years 
of absence he is in instant and familiar touch with the 
most minute details of the vast organization which he 
directs. Why he prefers to live in Paris nobody knows. 
But he is no less master nf the Herald abroad than 
at home. Wherever he may be, he is that great jour- 
nal's sole proprietor, editor, manager — and inspiration. 
He directs affairs in their minutest details; the minutes 
of the editorial council in the Herald office are cabled 
him; the heads of all departments report to him; he 
knows who writes every " feature," every editorial, and 
who suggested it; he writes editorials himself and 
cables them; the business as well as the editorial poli- 
cies are his. Indeed, it is said that Mr. Bennett is the 
largest patron of the Commercial Cable Company. 
James Creelman, a few weeks ago, wrote for the World 
a sketch of Mr. Bennett's personality, in which he said: 
In spite of his sixty-two years, Mr. Bennett looks young. 
His tall figure is as thin and sinewy and aristocratic as ever. 
He moves with the alert lightness of a boy. His hair and 
mustache are whitening, and there are tiny wrinkles about the 
eyes, but the eyes themselves — great graynesses — are bright 
and keen, and there is a healthy glow in his lean, brown face. 
Time has not lessened his nervous energy nor diminished his 
enthusiastic interest in events. He is as keen about the latest 
news as the most anxious reporter in his service. He walks 
with the same old erectness, his white hair, tanned skin, and 
powerful features giving him a curious air of distinction. 

Certainly a striking figure. His latest enterprise, 
as reported a few days ago, is to lay out and adorn a 
large park in New York to the memory of his father, 
James Gordon Bennett, the elder. 

The best-known figure in New York journalism is of 
course Whitelaw Reid, of the Tribune. But his fame 
was gained in politics rather than in journalism. Since 
the death of Godkin, the editor of that aloof, cynically 
brilliant sheet, the Evening Post, is Rollo Ogden, a 
" reformed " clergyman, who continues the policies of 
the Post with considerable vigor. The Sun, now that 
Paul Dana is out, thrives under the editorship of Will- 
iam M. LafFan, of whose personality, like that of 
Ogden, little or nothing is known by the general public. 
There is still not a little truth in the saying of the New 
York young lady that she didn't read the Sun, for it 
made vice so attractive, nor the Post, for it made virtue 
so repulsive. The Sun's columns contain more gen- 

uine fun that all the other New York papers combined. 
The pet epithet that the Sun's enemies apply to it is 
" the Laffanstock." It is almost alone among news- 
papers in still employing hand compositors instead of 
typesetting machines. And it uses pictures but very 
sparingly. The proprietor of the Times — the " All- 
the-News-that's-Fit-to-Print " paper — is of Jewish 
Adolph S. Ochs not only controls the Times, but the 
the Philadelphia Public Ledger, and a Chattanooga 
paper. All seem to be succeeding — better, perhaps, than 
the London Times since it fell into the hands of those 
banker Jews, the Rothschilds. It is said that the price 
(one cent) of the New York Times does not cover the 
cost of the white paper used. 

This is also true of the New York World — another 
monument to the genius of men of Jewish race — which, 
beginning in a debauch of sensationalism, has grown 
more virtuous with age, until now it is only faintly 
streaked with yellowness. At all times it has been 
independent, aggressive, fearless, and on the people's 
side of every question. Its success is all the more re- 
markable in that its editor, Joseph Pulitzer, has lost 
his health and sight, yet still directs the World and the 
St. Louis Post-Dispatch. As General Taylor put it 
on the occasion of the later paper's twenty-fifth anni- 
versary last month, " With one foot firmly planted in 
the great metropolis of the South- West and the other 
firmly planted in New York, Mr. Pulitzer appears to 
us a veritable journalistic Colossus of Rhodes." When 
he bought the Dispatch in 1878 at sheriff's sale, for 
$2,500, it had a circulation of 987. To-day, its circu- 
lation is 120.000. and the anniversary number contained 
160 pages and 603 columns of advertisements — the 
largest amount of advertising ever contained in a 
single copy of a newspaper. 

It is this growth of the advertising department of a 
newspaper, necessitating the issue of a huge, bulky 
journal, that has so largely changed the character of 
newspapers. A newspaper, nowadays, really ranks as 
a manufacturing concern. It is said that eighty-five 
per cent, of the revenue comes from advertising. One 
newspaper proprietor is even quoted as describing the 
news and editorial part of his journal as "the by 
product " ! The advertising is the thing ! Such being 
the case, it is not to be wondered at that millionaire 
business men with no journalistic training embark in 
" the advertising manufacturing; business." But the 
situation has its drawbacks. For instance, when so 
strong is the influence of "business interests" that 
three or four of the leading newspapers of New York 
seemingly enter into a conspiracy to minimize the im- 
portance of such revelations of fraud and trickery as 
those in the case of the Shipbuilding Trust. 


The Cause of the Iroquois Fire — Those Fatal Steps — Paris Opera 

Burned Five Times— The Charity Bazaar— Other 

Great Fires. 

There have been theatre fires occasioning greater 
loss of life than that in Chicago, but certainly none 
more horrible and strange. The property loss was 
but $20,000, yet 591 persons are dead; the plush on the 
seats of the upper balcony was barely charred, yet the 
dead bodies of women and children were piled twenty 
deep in the passageway. 

Described in the fewest words possible, the salient 
facts as they have gradually been sifted out seem to 
be these: There were i,8oo people, mostly women and 
children, in the Iroquois Theatre at the matinee per- 
formance of " Mr. Bluebeard." when an inadequately 
protected flood light set fire to a linen curtain. An 
attempt was made to lower the asbestos curtain, but a 
fixture used for a special feature of the show prevented 
its being lowered. In a moment, two. gas tanks on the 
stage exploded, and at the same instant the door in the 
rear of the stage was blown open or thrown open, creat- 
ing a draft under the partially lowered asbestos curtain, 
and a blast of burning gas, hot air, and flame roared 
outward, passing over the heads of those on the lower 
floor, but enveloping those in the baloney and gallery 
with black fumes, smoke, and flame. The lights went 
out. A terrible panic followed. Those not suffocated 
by the smoke and flame trampled each other to death 
in the passageways. In particular, at the left exit of 
the balcony, where there are three small steps, there 
was found a pile of more than two hundred dead, 
crushed, trodden under foot, but not burned. In the 
darkness, the steps could not be seen, and the first ones 
fell; others stumbled over them; soon a barrier of hu- 
man bodies was erected. 

So far as now known, the chief cause of the disaster 
was the failure of the asbestos curtain to work. Con- 
tributing causes were the absence of exit signs, 
though they could not, even in any event, have 
been seen in the Stygian darkness; the lack of 
stage sprinklers, though it is not pretended 
they could have put out the fire; the fact that there 
were no fire-alarm boxes in the building; the fact that 
the skylights over the stage were shut, which prevented 
the normal escape of flame and smoke from the stage; 
the steepness of the balcony aisles; the sticking of 
some of the doors, though it is true that most of those 
who lost their lives never reached them; and the fact 
that the fire escapes had no lower ladders, which un- 
doubtedly cost many lives. 
In view of the terrible part those three small steps 

played in the disaster, it is interesting to note that, 
more than twenty years ago, Eyre M. Shaw, of the 
London fire brigade, writing of " Fires in Theatres," 
declared that passageways should be " quite free from 
steps at any point where a crush is likely to take place. 
Even the smallest steps," he wrote, " are more or less 
unsafe." His words seem almost prophetic. Inclined 
passages instead of steps were what he recommended. 
Another of his recommendations, carried out, it is be- 
lieved, in only one large theatre in the world, is a sys- 
tem of perforated pipes running under the seats 
through every part of the house. This system is em- 
ployed in the Munich Opera House, and though it 
would not, perhaps, have absolutely prevented loss of 
life in the Iroquis fire, the calming effect on the crowd 
of the many streams of water might have been great. 
Other regulations that the best authorities on theatre 
construction agree should be insisted upon are sim- 
plicity of exits, prohibition of the sale of standing 
room, the division of the crowd into different sections 
passing out at different doors, and avoidance of the 
meeting of streams of people at right angles, or at an 
angle approaching a right angle. After the burning of 
the Ring Theatre in Vienna, in 1881, it is said that an 
ordinance was adopted requiring that every theatre in 
the city should erect an iron curtain to be lowered at 
every performance as a guarantee to the audience that 
it is in perfect working order. 

But though after every theatre fire, there is talk 
about more stringent regulations, it seems usually to 
end in talk. The list of theatre fires is a long and ap- 
palling one, and the worst fires have occurred in recent 
years — showing that theatre-builders and managers 
learn little from experience. 

Take Paris as an example. The Paris Opera has 
burned five times — in 1763, 1781. 1788, 1871, 1873. The 
first fire was at mid-day ; the theatre was empty. The 
second, in 1781. broke out ten minutes after the end 
of a performance of Moline's " Orphee." The theatre, 
which held 2.500 persons, was empty of spectators, but 
women dancers, half dressed, were forced to flee into 
the street. In T788. the Opera was again burned dur- 
ing the daytime ; in 1871. the Communists burned it: in 
1873, a fire broke out at a quarter after eleven, and 
the building housing the Opera was burned to the 
ground. Yet from these five fires. Paris learned little, 
for ten years later came the disastrous fire in the Opera- 
Comique. where 200 people lost their lives. The freaks 
of fire in this case were very curious. An eye-witness, 
writing at the time from Paris, says : " Press-doors 
were burned away in the wardrobe-room, and the cos- 
tumes hanging on the racks were, in many instances, 
hardly injured. All the seven ladies who were found 
in a heap at the foot of the staircase, unburned yet 
asphyxiated, were dressed in black." 

A little over ten years later, came the destruction 
of that great and historic playhouse, the Theatre 
Franqais, the fire starting from a defective chimney 
in the shop of a pastry-cook. It was just before the 
performance, and only one life was lost, that of Mile. 
Henriot, an actress. Seven years later. Paris was 
visited by another frightful catastrophe, the destruction 
by fire of the Bazaar de la Charite. Here, as in the 
Iroquis Theatre fire, more persons were trampled to 
death than burned. " There were," says one of the 
witnesses of the fire. " twenty-one women and six men 
who had fallen in a heap one on the other ; they were 
coated with smoke: their clothes, their hair, were in- 
tact: not a strip of lace was torn: not a buttonhole had 
been torn ; the uppers of the boots were without dam- 
age." It was in this fire that the beautiful Duchess 
d'Alenqon, the famous Duchess de la Torre, and 
Marquise de Gallifet were burned to death, as were 
many others of the bluest blood of France. 

Elsewhere in the world theatre fires have been no 
less frequent and disastrous. In 181 1, the theatre at 
Richmond, Va.. was burned to the ground, and 300 
people were killed and wounded. In 1833. the Lehmann 
Theatre at St. Petersburg was destroyed, and 800 per- 
sons were trampled to death. In 1863. the cathedral at 
Santiago, Chile, was destroyed, and 600 (one report 
says 2,000) women and children were burned to death. 
A few years later, the theatre at Leghorn, Italy, was 
destroyed; 100 were burned to death and 300 injured. 
In 1876, Conway's Theatre at Brooklyn was destroyed; 
283 persons were burned to death, and many hundreds 
were injured. In 1881. the Ring Theatre at Vienna 
was destroyed; 450 persons were burned to death, and 
many hundreds were injured. In 1S82. the Victoria 
Hall at Sunderland, England (it was the occasion of 
a children's festival) was destroyed: 183 children were 
burned or trampled to death, and many hundreds were 
injured. In 1883. the Ferroni Theatre in Berditscheff, 
Russia, was destroyed: 430 bodies were found. 100 
were missing, and many hundreds were injured. In 
1887, the theatre at Exeter. England, was destroyed; 
166 persons were burned to death, and many hundreds 
injured. In 1888. the theatre at Oporto was destroyed ; 
240 persons were burned to death, and many hundreds 
injured. Since the middle of the last century. 732 
theatres have been destroyed by fire. M. Mauret de 
Pourville says that in the years 1867 and 1868 alone 
fifteen theatres, valued at between sixteen and seven- 
teen millions of francs, were burned. Between the 
years 1876 and 1888, 141 theatres were destroyed, 149 
damaged, causing loss of life of 2,215 persons, wound- 
ing 748. 

The public memory is short, disasters are 
gotten — until the next time,. 



January ii, 1904. 


Une Chronique Scandaleuse. 

Scandal ahout kings and queens and other 
lilue-blooded folk seems nowadays to be find- 
ing its way into print rather extensively. 
" The Memoirs of Mme. Vigee Lebrun " is 
but just translated. " The Memoirs of a 
Contemporary " proves to be the story of an 
adventuress. " The Private Lives of William 
II and His Consort " is just out in the East, 
and already creating a sensation. The 
" Crcevey Papers " is ranked in interest with 
the " Life of Gladstone." 

Thomas Creevey was born in 1768. entered 
Parliament in 1802, died in 1S3S. In his 
voluminous papers, one-fiftieth of which are 
now published in two volumes, he throws lit- 
tle light on his origin. Perhaps he did not 
know it. He was supposed to be the illegi- 
timate son of some distinguished personage. 
He was poor, but happy ; had no possessions 
but his clothes, his friends, an inexhaustible 
fund of humor, good sense, and good spirits. 
The greatest folk of England were glad to 
have him at their tables. He knew every- 
thing that went on, and set it all down in 
black and white. He was a friend of the 
Prince of Wales, afterward George the 
Fourth, and writes that it was in 1804 that: 

The prince began first to notice me and 
to stop his horse and talk with me when 
he met me in the streets ; but I recollect 
only one occasion and that in the succeeding 
year, that I dined at Carlton House. On 
that occasion Lord Dundas and Calcraft sat 
at the top and bottom of the table, the prince 
in the middle at one side, with the Duke of 
Clarence next to him ; Fox, Sheridan, and 
about thirty Opposition members of both 
houses making the whole party. We walked 
about the garden before dinner without our 
hats. . . . during dinner he [the prince] was 
very gracious, funny, and agreeable, but after 
dinner he took to making speeches, and was 
very prosy, as well as highly injudicious. 
He made a long harangue in favor of the 
Catholics, and took occasion to tell us that 
his brother William and himself were the 
only two of his family who were not German 
— this, too. in a company which was, most 
of them, barely known to him. Likewise, I 
remember his halloaing to Sir Charles 
Bamfyld at the other end of the table and 
asking him if he had seen Mother Windsor 
[a notorious procuress] lately. 

Creevey pays a generous tribute to the 
prince's sobriety, saying : 

I never saw him the least drunk but once, 
and T was myself pretty much the occasion 
of it. We were dining at the pavilion, and 
poor Fonblanque, a dolorous fop of a lawyer, 
and a member of Parliament, too. was one 
of the guests. After drinking some wine. 
I could not resist having some jokes at Fon- 
blanque's expense, which the prince encour- 
aged greatly. I went on and invented stories 
about speeches Fonblanque had made in Par- 
liament, which were so pathetic as to have 
affected his audience to tears, all of which 
inventions of mine Fonblanque denied to be 
true with such overpowering gravity that the 
prince said he should die of it if I did not 
stop. In the evening at about ten or eleven 
o'clock, he said he should go to the ball at 
the castle, and said I should go with him. 
So I went in his coach, and he entered the 
room with his arm through mine, everybody 
standing and getting upon benches to see 
him. He was certainly tipsy, and so, of 
course, was I, but not much, for I well re- 
member his taking me up lo Mrs. Creevey 
and her daughters, and telling them he had 
never spent a pleasanter day in his life, and 
that " Creevey had been very great." 

Another interesting figure that appears in 
Creevey's pages is Warren Hastings. Sheri- 
dan had won fame by his speech against 
Hastings, but whcti the ex-goveruor-gencral 
■returned from India, there was much scurry- 
ing to cover. Creevey writes : 

[Sheridan] lost no time in attempting to 
cajole old Hastings, begging him to believe 
that any part he had ever taken against him 
was purely political, and that no one had a 
greater respect for him than himself, etc.. 
upon which old Hastings said with great 
gravity that it would be a great consolation 
lo him in his declining days if Mr. Sheridan 
•.\ ould make thai sentence more public ; but 
Sheridan was obliged to mutter and get out 
of such an engagement as well as he could. 

( h Wellington, 1 reevey was -«t first sus- 
picious. Me thought he was blundering in 
Spain, and exclaims: 

' Hi. how glad I am that 1 had no hand in 

making this madman Wellesley preside over 
.ii. destinies ol this country, to sacrifice the 

thou of brave lives that he will as- 

surcdh I' 

Passing over the very interesting accounts 

of the troubli Ol the dukes and priiu'rs with 

ill. ii mistresses and •••. ives we come to 
Creevey's extraordinarily vivid picture of the 

rning after Waterloo. The authenticity 

of the following conversation with the Iron 

1 luke is amply confirmed by other writers : 

" h has been a damned serious business," 
he [Wellinvton] said: " Blucher and I have 
losl thirty thousand men. 1 1 has been a 

da " I rue* I Inn;', i be m ai csl run thing 

■ii i <i saw in your life. Blucher lost 

in ■. thousand on Friday night (at 

id got so damnabl] licked I could 

'm on Saturday m, ing, so I was 

all ba< k to regain my communi- 

liim." . . . He repeated SO often 
■ im i- (j thing— so nearly run a 

thing, that I asked him if* the French had 
fought better than he had ever seen them 
do before. " No," he said, " they have al- 
ways fought the same since I first saw them 
at Yimeira (in iSoS)." Then he said: "By 
God ! I don't think it would have done if 
I had not been there." 

One more anecdote of Wellington, full of 
his characteristic profanity. Mr. Creevey ad- 
dressed this question to Wellington: 

" Well now. duke, let me ask you, don't 
you think Lowe a very unnecessarily harsh 
gaoler of Buonaparte at St. Helena ? It is 
surely very disreputable to us to put any re- 
straint upon him not absolutely necessary 
for his detention." With his usual expletive, 
Wellington replied: "By God! I don't 
know. Buonaparte is so damned intractable 
a fellow, there is no knowing how to deal 
with him. To be sure, as to the means em- 
ployed to keep him there, never was any- 
thing so damned absurd." 

We have only touched upon the surface 
of what is indeed a remarkably intimate, in- 
teresting, and apparently truthful picture of 
troublous times. 

Published by E. P. Dutton & Co., New 

Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
With the beginning of a new year there is 
always a lull in the book trade. Some pub- 
lishers will do little or nothing until Feb- 
ruary, or even the early spring. Others, 
however, find that the very slackness of the 
season immediately after Christmas is favor- 
able to the launching of new books, because 
of the lesser competition. Among these are 
the Macmillans, who now choose this period 
of the year for bringing out their long- 
promised new novel by Winston Churchill, 
though the exact date of its publication has 
not yet been decided. Among the more se- 
rious works that are announced for the spring 
season a prominent place must be given to 
the reminiscences, respectively, of Carl 
Schurz and of Moncure D. Conway. 

One of the first novels of the new year will 
be " The Deliverance," Miss Ellen Glasgow's 
new romance of the Virginia tobacco fields. 

The Macmillan Company will bring out 
next month " The Policy and Administration 
of the Dutch in Java," by Dr. Clive Day. 
This is said to be a careful study of all 
phases of the subject. It is particularly 
interesting, in view of its bearing on the 
administration of this country in the Philip- 

The publishers have on their January list 
volumes III and IV of the " Harriman Ex- 
pedition." on the " Glaciers " of Alaska, by 
G. K. Gilbert, and on " Geology, Minerals. 
and Fossils. Plants, and Animals." by various 
writers, each with over one hundred illustra- 
tions, many of them in color. 

That bridge is " on the grow " in this coun- 
try is shown by the fact that the agents in 
America of Badworth's " Laws and Principles 
of Bridge " have recently ordered by cable 
from London four successive editions of the 

The late Mr. Henley exalted the automo- 
bile in a splendid way in his poem. " Speed." 
Now Mr. Kipling is reported to have been 
inspired by the same mechanism to write 
some verse parodies which he will call " The 
Muse Among the Motors." The poet, by the 
way, has gone for his usual winter visit to 
South Africa, where he still has the home 
provided for him by Cecil Rhodes. 

John Morley's visit to this country next 
October — if he holds to his intention — to de- 
liver an address at the opening of the 
Technical College at Pittsburg, will be his 
first visit to America in nearly thirty years. 

The Scribners are bringing out a new 
edition of Fielding's works in eleven octavo 
volumes under the editorship of Dr. James 
P. Brame, of Edinburgh. The edition is a 
reissue of the Bickers edition. The text is 
that of the quarto edition of 1762. The 
" Essay on Nothing," originally published by 
Fielding, but not represented in his collected 
works, is included. Arthur Murphy's essay 
on Fielding's life and genius is also included. 

The most interesting portion of Herbert 
Spencer's autobiography, that relating to the 
period when his character and opinions were 
under formation, is said to be singularly 
complete ; but so scrupulous was his re- 
gard for truth that he insisted upon sub- 
mitting important sections to authoritative 
friends, such as John Morley or Profcssur 
I luxley. and this diffusion and invitation of 
others' impressions are expected to make the 
editor's task more than usually difficult. One 
authority is quoted as saying that two or 
three years are likely to elapse before the 
publication of all the material regarding his 
life and work that Mr. Spencer put on paper 
for the benefit of posterity. 

1 1 is reported from Loudon that the de- 
mand for Morley's " Life of Gladstone " is 
unprecedented in the history of political 
biography. It is there the best-selling book, 
despite its steep price, ten dollars and fifty 
cents. Messrs. Macmillan had their resources 
taxed to cope with even the requirements of 
the retail trade. " A remarkable sight," said 

the manager, " was presented by the score of 
vans driving away filled to their uttermost 
with ' Gladstones ' !" Nine thousand copies, 
weighing a hundred tons, were dispatched to 
their destinations in the course of a few 
hours. Many of the orders were from men 
of distinction — embassadors, great lawyers, 
soldiers, divines, and a considerable sprink- 
ling of masters of public schools. 

Major Martin Hume is to write still an- 
other volume on the matrimonial transactions 
of historic royalty. It will appear under the 
title of " The Wives of Henry VIII." In 
the meantime. Major Hume is revising " The 
Courtship of Queen Elizabeth." "The Love 
Affairs of Mary Queen of Scots," the latest 
of his books, was reviewed in these columns 

General Lew Wallace (says the New York 
Sun) is in town, hale, hearty, vigorous as 
though merely a survivor of the Cuban war 
instead of a veteran of the Civil and the 
Mexican Wars. Possibly the one hundred 
and ten editions of " Ben Hur," and dramatic 
gold mines originating in that self-sowing 
hardy perennial, may have had something to 
do with keeping the author young. 

The memoirs of Sarah Bernhardt, long 
awaited with interest and certain to furnish 
entertaining reading, are at last nearly com- 
pleted. Mme. Bernhardt has always been 
much amused by the cartoons inspired by her 
personality and her roles, and has made a 
collection of them. Report has it that liberal 
extracts from this collection will be included 
in the illustration of her memoirs. 

" Parsifal," in its new English poetic ver- 
sion by Oliver Huckel, has reached its tenth 
thousand, say the publishers. 


The far sweet rosy distances, 

The snow peaks lone and high, 
The sweep of softer hill, the firs 

That climb and touch the sky; 

The rippling laughter of a brook, 

A flower-scented rain, 
A drench of liquid gold let loose 

At sunset on my pane ; 

The purple splendor of the night 

W herein Orion's three 
Flash constant messages; the frog 

That murmurs to the lea; 

The wash of waves, the song of birds. 

The red fall of a star, 
The pale green mist upon the sea — 
These all my riches are. 
— Ella Higgivson in " The Voice of April-Laud." 

We Two, 

We two and the wind and the rain. 

We see no more the trees against the sky. 

Nor any more the ruddy light that glowed 

Within the ruts along the stony road. 

What matter? it is only you and I, 

Till day shall come again— 

We two and the wind and the rain. 

We t wo an d the cli i 1 cl ren o f m en . 
Ah, how they chatter in the market place. 
Coining their heart blood into greasy pence 
For wine and myrrh, and apes, and frankin- 
What matter? life must run along apace, 
Till death shall come, and then — 
We two and the children of men. 
— He rni mi Knickerbocker I'iele in " Ran Jo 111 

The Wind Seems Kind To-Day. 
The trees nod east, the trees nod west; 
The wind seems kind to-day, most kind; 
It lulls the little leaves to rest. 
The trees nod east, the trees nod west; 
Do you suppose it has a quest? 
Has something definite to find? 
The trees nod east, the trees nod west: 
The wind seems kind today, most kind. 
— Edward Salisbury Field in " The Quest." 

He Does Not Know. 
On llic warm brown sand of the beach they sit; 

The tall grass shades them, as, whispering low. 
It bends tn the breeze that is saying to it, 
"Ik' docs not know — he does not know!" 

The lake lies calm in the glad sunlight. 

Ami the waves that ripple and ebb and Bow, 

Call — call, till they fill her soul with fright 

Lest he hear their calling, " lie does not know." 

He docs not know! and the sweet hours glide 

Down the pitiless west where all sweet hoursgo; 

\ml iliL hope that was horn at the dawn has died. 

And the night has comc-r-ainl he dues not know. 

■-- Marian Warner lit/daunt in "J Hill Prayer." 

Sir Walter Bcsant's novel, " Armorel of 
Lyonesse." was .mainly concerned wit Ii an 
artistic " fraud " who rose to social emi- 
nence mi the work of his collaborators. " And 
there are instances to-day." says the London 
Mail, " of titled people who have bought the 
work of unknown writers and palmed it off 
as their own. It is easy indeed for any one 
with a little money to spare to become an 
author. This sounds cynical, but it is true." 

We consider other things 
than profit in our business. 

This is one of the reasons 
why we are always busy. 

Hirsch & Kaiser, 

7 Kearny St. opticians. 


Reviewed In the Argonaut can be 
obtained at 


126 Post Street 


Two Argonauts in Spain 


Payot, Uphaui & Co., Publishers. Two 
hundred and seventy pages and Index. Six- 
teen full-page half-tone plates; illustration* 
and facsimiles in the text; colored map of 
Spain. Cloth binding, with stamp on side 
in two colors and gold. ' Bound in boards 
with full gold sttuiiri on side. Gilt top. 

Price to Argonaut subscribers, &1.50: by 
mail, SI. 68. Address 


346 Sutter St.. S. F. 


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January ii. 1904. 




Complete Works of Frank Norris. 

Few are the authors who. dying ere they 
reached forty, have been honored by a sump- 
tuously bound edition of their works within 
a year. Vet here are " The Complete Works 
of Frank Norris " — a de luxe " Golden Gate " 
edition, printed on " Strathmore Paper" with 
the widest of margins ; bound with buff 
buckram backs, blue paper sides and label, 
and gold tooling : illustrated : and limited to 
one hundred sets. Truly, the fame Frank 
Norris had won during his life seems to 
grow and expand now that he is dead. There 
is no doubt but that Mr. Norris made a 
deeper impression upon English readers and 
upon the East than ever he did in the West, 
where much of his best work was done, and 
where he laid the scenes of many of his 
books. As usual, a prophet is not without 
honor save in his own country. Glancing 
through these seven sumptuous volumes, 
noting the many powerful passages, such 
as the desert fight between Marcus and Mc- 
Teague. the failure of Jadwin, the battle in 
" The Octopus." the regret grows poignant 
that the man who did so well was not spared 
to do better when Time had added poise and 
mellowness to his indubitable strength and 
earnestness. Not all of Mr. Norris's work 
is included in these volumes. For some of 
his early stories — -stories of which no writer 
need have been ashamed — the curious reader 
must turn to the files of the Argonaut. 

Published by Doubleday, Page & Co.. New 

Valuable Works on How to Live. 

Three books written by Horace Fletcher, 
who is well known to readers of this journal. 
have recently been issued from the press. 
Their titles are as follows: 

■' The A. B.-Z. of Our Own Nutrition " 
(462 pages) ; price. $i.oo net; postpaid, $1.14. 

"The New Menticulture : or, The A-B-C 
of True Living" (310 pages); price, $1.00 
net; postpaid, $1.12. 

" The New Glutton or Epicure ; or. 
Economic Nutrition " (324 pages) ; price. 
$100 net; postpaid. $1.12. 

Of these. " The New Menticulture" is now 
in its fortieth thousand. The others are new 
books, and are devoted largely to physical 
problems as the first is to mental. Mr. 
Fletcher has laid down certain rules for liv- 
ing, which have met with the approval of 
both medical men and laymen. His books 
are well Worth the reading, and those who 
are disturbed, either in mind or body, may 
find much profit from their perusal. 

Published by the Frederick A. Stokes 
Company, New York. 

"What Authors Authors Like. 
The London Academy has been asking 
prominent literary folks to name two books 
published this year which they have read 
with interest and pleasure. Austin Dobson 
responds: "During the year T have looked 
into many books for a purpose, and seen 
accounts of others ; but I have read for 
pleasure nothing but ' Sevigne's Letters.' 
and some novels of Scott." Sir Francis C. 
Burnand says that in order to have the 
question answered properly at the end of a 
year it should be asked at the beginning. 
Edmund Gosse will not commit himself to 
any two books, but questions " whether any 
of the new books I did not read can possess 
more ingenious originality or a finer grace 
than Mr. Henry James's ' Life of W. W. 
Story.' which T did read." Morley's " Glad- 
stone " has the first place in the replies of 
Frederic Harrison, Mrs. Craigie, Robertson 
Nicoll, W. L. Courtney, and Sir Gilbert 
Parker. Both H. G. Wells and Joseph Con- 
rad put " The Ambassador," by Henry James. 
first. Mr. Conrad also mentions Mr. Wells's 
" Mankind in the Making," but Mr. Wells, 
ever dealing in mystery, puts " Said, the 
Fisherman." by Marmaduke Pitch all, second. 
Both Mrs. Craigie and Clement Shorter liked 
Tallentyre's " Voltaire." Sir Norman Lock- 
yer. F. R. S., has a catholic taste, his two 
books being " Wee Macgreegor " and Dr. 
Wallace Budge's " Gods of the Egyptians." 
fi. \ . Lucas favors Conrad's " Typhoon." 
Other favorite books are Trevelyan's "Ameri- 
can Revolution," Pollock's " Popish Plot." 
Dobson's " Fanny Burney," Myer's " Human 
Personality," Burton's " English Porcelain," 
Collingwood's " Ruskin Relics." Kipling's 
" Five Nations," and Hammond's " Charles 
James Fox." 

A Million-Dollar Advertising Scheme. 
After expending over one million dollars 
in advertising the sale of the " Encyclo- 
paedia Britannica " on the installment plan, 
the London Times closed the biggest adver- 
tising scheme ever run in the British press 
on December 20th. Henceforward the 
encyclopaedia can be purchased only through 
booksellers at more than twice the price. This 
long scries of huge and costly press adver- 
tisements (says the London correspondent of 
the Sun) now form an integral portion of 
British humor, having given birth to jests 
varying in length from a one-hundred page 
volume to a two-line paragraph, while it is 
long since any after-dinner speech was com- 

plete without some reference thereto. The 
Times made an effort on the last day to bring 
in the waverers and establish a record in 
telegraphic advertising. Thousands of per- 
sons throughout the kingdom having obtained 
specimen pages, etc., but not having given a 
final order, had been registered carefully, and 
one hundred and thirty thousand of them 
were sent telegrams admonishing them to 
write or wire, as " subscriptions are coming 
so rapidly that immediate action is your only 
safe course." Hundreds of orders were re- 
ceived in answer to the telegrams. 

The Dialect Typewriter a Boon to Authors 

" Novelists whose output has been less- 
ened by the necessity of tediously writing 
dialect stories will hail with joy an inven- 
tion just patented by a Portland man," says 
the Orcgonian. " Briefly, the new machine 
may be described as a dialect typewriter. The 
letters are so arranged that the operator 
writes as if using ordinary English, and the 
story appears in dialect. A simple shift-key 
alters the dialect, from negro to Scottish, 
Irish, German, Swedish, Bohemian. Bowery. 
Chinook, pidgin English, Bostonian, and 

" The surprising thing about the invention 
is its simplicity. Suppose the novelist is 
writing a negro dialect story. He strikes the 
letter ' I ' on the keyboard. It is written 
' Ah.' Shifting the key to Irish, the same 
letter is reproduced as ' Oi.' Shifting to 
Dutch, it is written ' Me.' The thing is ludi- 
crously obvious, and thousands will wonder 
how they were stupid enough to miss it. 

" The inventor has already received orders 
from several noted writers of fiction. The 
Rev. Cyrus Townsend Brady, in ordering a 
machine for each of his twelve stenographers, 
writes : ' I wish I had known of your in- 
vention before beginning " Sir Henry Mor- 
gan-Buccaneer." Your sailor attachment, 
combined with the historical-novelish, would 
have expedited my work very materially. I 
look forward to at least ten books a month 
with the aid of your device.' 

"William Dean Howells says: 'In writ- 
ing " Letters From Home," your Bostonian 
keyboard would have been a welcome aid. 
Hitherto the trouble and difficulty of the 
work has kept me from attempting dialect 
stories, but now I contemplate writing an 
Irish and a negro story.* 

" Miss Margaret Horton Potter ' wishes to 
order three machines with historical-novelish 
attachment only.' 

" Owen Wister says : ' Please send three 
machines with cowboy attachment as soon as 
possible. Your idea is great. Keep up the 

" The inventor has also received the fol- 
lowing suggestion : ' Mr. Richard Harding 
Davis presents his compliments to Mr. B. 
U. G. Inventor, and begs to inquire if there 
is any possibility of obtaining a typewriter 
that will write in gentlemanly language only, 
with no possibility of slipping into vulgar 
speech.' " 

Two Game Literary ' Sports." 

Imprimis, John Davidson writes a .book 
entitled " A Rosary." 

November 21, 1903 — The reviewer of the 
London Saturday Reviezc avers that Mr. Da- 
vidson, in this book, wrongfully attributes to 
Tennyson the quotation " the screaming 

November 28th — Appears in the Saturday 
Review a letter from Mr. Davidson chal- 
lenging the correctness of the reviewer's 
statement, and offering to wager " one 
guinea " that he is wrong. 

" We take his bet. — Ed. S. R." 

December 5th — Appear many letters from 
various persons affirming that their knowl- 
edge of Tennyson supports the editor in his 

December /_'//)— Mr. Davidson capitulates 
and " begs to enclose one guinea." 

Christening Children and Naming Books. 
The problem of christening children, it ap- 
pears, is a very small one compared with the 
question of the proper name for a book. The 
titles of some recent popular novels have 
often undergone extraordinary evolutions in 
order to reach the final satisfactory stage. 
" Jude. the Obscure," was first entitled " The 
Simpletons," a name which gave place at the 
very last moment to a later and better title, 
for during its appearance in serial form it 
was known as "Hearts Insurgent." Sir Gil- 
bert Parker's " The Right of Way " was at 
first in the author's manuscript " Charlie 
Bell," and later " Charley Steele " ; and " The 
Lane That Has No Turning." by the same 
author, was until the time of its going to 
press called " The Golden Spoon." " Lady 
Rose's Daughter " was in manuscript " A 
Woman of Talent." 

The Differences of Critics. 
How literary doctors disagree is neatly ex- 
hibited in a report to the minister of public 
instruction and fine arts of France concern- 
ing the " French Poetic Movement from 1867 
to 1900," the reporter or author of which is 
the poet Catulle Mendes. Under the heading 
of " Bibliographic and Critical Dictionary," 
M. Mendes gives after each name short ex- 

tracts from the various criticisms of the poet 
from his first publication to the latest. The 
result of the comparison is astounding. For 
example, Saint-Beuve's judgments of the 
'sixties have been confirmed by the public 
and time in scarcely a single case. Who is 
wrong? Swinburne writes a French sonnet 
over the tomb of Theophil» Gautier, " thron- 
ing " him with the gods and opining that 
" his sepulchre is built of light." But com- 
mon-sense Emile Faguet. of the present-day 
French Academy, is positive that Theophile 
Gautier will perish entire, being " a man won- 
derfully endowed as to style, with only a 
foundation wanting — without feeling, quite 
as he was without ideas!" 

Adelaide Hanscom, a photographer of this 
city, is the first to attempt the illustration 
with photographs of the Rubaiyat of Omar 
Khayyam. As yet Miss Hanscom has but 
two or three photographs which please her 
sufficiently to set before the public to rep- 
resent the beginnings of a set of perhaps a 
dozen plates which she has in mind. To find 
a model is difficult : to find expressive gar- 
ments is even more difficult, and to pose the 
model properly, the most difficult of all. 
Therefore the work progresses slowly. The 
artist is quoted as saying: "I hope to have 
Joaquin Miller pose for some of my studies." 

Are we indebted to France for our literary 
style and the improvement in our literary 
form observable in the last two decades ? 
Mrs. Margaret Woods, in an interesting 
article in the Nineteenth Century, seems to 
think we are. She declares that " it is fa- 
miliarity with French, not Latin, that is most 
likely to help a man's style to clarity, charm. 
and the force which conies of directness." 
This is a hard saying. 

New Publications. 
" Shipmates in Sunshine," by F. Frankfort 
Moore. Published by D. Appleton & Co.. 
New York ; $1.50. 

" Little Joan," by John Strange Winter. 
Published by the J. B. Lippincott Company, 
Philadelphia: $1.25. 

"The Blood Lilies." by W. A. Fraser. Il- 
lustrated. Published by Charles Scribner's 
Sons, New York; $1.50. 

" Children of Men," by Bruno Lessing. Il- 
lustrated. Published by McClure, Phillips & 
Co., New York; $1.50. 

" Pa Gladden," by Elizabeth Cherry Waltz. 
Eight illustrations. Published by the Century 
Company, New York; $1.50. 

" Count Falcon of the Eyrie," by Clinton 
Scollard. Illustrated. Published by James 
Pott & Co., New York; $1.50. 

" Father Marquette," by Reuben Gold 
Thwaites. Illustrated. Published by D. Ap- 
pleton & Co., New York; $1.00 net. 

" The Strife of the Sea," by T. Jenkins 
Hains. Illustrated. Published by the Baker 
& Taylor Company, New York; $1.50. 

" A Touch of the Sun, and Other Stories." 
by Mary Hallock Foote. Published by 
Houghton. Mifflin & Co.. Boston; $1.50. 

" The Making of Our Middle Schools," by 
Elmer Ellsworth Brown, Ph. D. Published 
by Longmans. Green & Co., New York. 

" The Web," by Frederick Trevor Hill. Il- 
lustrated by A. I. Keller. Published by 
Doubleday, Page & Co., New York; $1.50. 

" Life of John C. Calhoun," by Gustavus M. 
Pinckney. Illustrated. Published by Walker, 
Evans & Cogswell Company. Charleston, S. C. 

" The Gentleman from Jay," by George 
William Louttit. Illustrated. Published by 
the G. W. Dillingham Company, New York; 

" Dr. Lavendar's People," by Margaret De- 
land. Illustrated by Lucius Hitchcock. Pub- 
lished by Harper & Brothers, New York; 

" The Chasm," by Reginald Wright Kauff- 
man and Edward Childs Carpenter. Pub- 
lished by D. Appleton & Co., New York ; 

" Shoes and Rations for a Long March," 
by H. Clay Trumbull, army chaplain. Pub- 
lished by Charles Scribner's Sons, New York; 
$1.50 net. 

" Aunt Jimmy's Will," by Mabel Osgood 
Wright. Illustrated by Florence Scovell 
Shinn. Published by the Mdcmillan Com- 
pany, New York; $1.50. 

" Old Paths and Legends of New England," 
by Katharine M. Abbott. Profusely illus- 
trated from photographs. Published by G. P. 
Putnam's Sons, New York; $3.50. 

" The Tenement House Problem : Including 
the Report of the New York Tenement House 
Commission of 1900," by various writers. 
Edited by Robert DeForest and Lawrence 
Veiller. Profusely illustrated from photo- 
graphs. Maps and diagrams. Two volumes. 
Published by the Macmillan Company, New 
York ; $6.00 net. 


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are also numerous chatty articles, by the best writers, 
on topics oi interest to everybody. 

The PICTURES given away with the SUNDAY 
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are framed, preserved, and sold in nearly every art 
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Subscriptions— Daily and Sunday, by carrier. 75 cents 
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Persons who may desire to obtain cuppings 01 
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31 Boulevard Mon 



January ii, 1904. 


The play of " Monte Cristo " rightly be- 
longs to that epoch of enjoyment that lies 
between the apes ox ten and twenty. There 
are. it is true, many who are perennially 
in their 'teens concerning the illusions of the 
drama, but he who is early emancipated from 
the stage thrills inspired by shivery music, 
dim dungeons, and midnight assassinations. 
perceives with a smile the absurdities of this 
lightning resume of Edmond Dantes's long 
and labored scheme of vengeance. 

As for the many and manifest absurdities 
of the novel, that is a different thing. They 
are palliated by the grace, vivacity, and in- 
exhaustible and opulent imaginativeness of 
the author. Dumas is a masculine Schehera- 
zade in his faculty for inventing endless, in- 
genious, and highly dramatic ramifications 
to the main thread of his ever- fascinating 
narrative. How impossible, yet how delight- 
ful, to find the peasants and sailors of the 
first book transformed to elegant Parisian 
nobles in the second. How fabulous, yet how 
entrancing, the story of Dantes's prison tute- 
lage under the Abbe Faria. and his subsequent 
transformation into the inscrutable and super- 
elegant noble. Monte Cristo. who dazzled 
Paris by his magnificence, and baffled all be- 
holders by the mystery of his origin. A 
charming fairv-tale. truly, for adults: who 
can resist it ? What man's imagination is 
proof against that conception of a long-sus- 
tained and terrible wrong avenged by a long- 
sustained and terrible punishment? 

Dumas was indebted to his African descent 
for the childlike love of display which caused 
him to embark with such ardor upon the task 
of describing the magnificence of Monte 
Cristo. the Nubian slave of that king of 
nabobs, his snuff-box made of a hollowed 
emerald, his carriages that were always 
whirled into incredible swiftness bv the fast- 
est pacers in Paris, his attendants that 
silently and swiftly obeyed him at a signal 
— this last a luxury that the genial French- 
man never knew, as his perpetual bonhomie 
made him a mere figure-head of authority 
in the palace he reared during the heyday 
of his prosperity. 

But one can read in the napes of " Monte 
Cristo " all the dreams that Dumas strove 
to realize: a limitless fortune that enabled 
its possessor to dispense endWs and mae- 
nihVent favors : the snrietv of the most bril- 
liant and fa^hinnnble neonlc of th«* dav : 
sumptuous palaces fitted with all the <?nrereous 
minuteness of anrmintments thnt the con- 
noisseur both in luxurv and in nrt demands 
as his inalienable right. Details flow as spon- 
taneously as water to show this love nf cost- 
liness in detail. Some dandv lights his Ma- 
nila at a " rose-colored taper burning in a 
splendidlv enameled stand " : Monte Cristo 
ascends " the velvet lined steps of his splen- 
did carriage " : the floors are covered " with 
the richest carpets Turkev could produce." 
the walls hunc " with brocaded silk of the 
most magnificent designs and texture." At 
Monte Cristo's banquet, there was served 
" every delicious fruit that the four quarters 
of the globe could provide." There were 
" rare birds retaining their most brilliant 
plumage ; enormous fish, spread upon mas- 
sive silver dishes : together with every wine 
produced in the Archipelago. Asia Minor, or 
the Capi 

How Lid superlatives dazzle us, 

as they flow from that ardent and glowing 
imagination. We are only half taken in, for 
the hard-headi-d sick- nf our fancy jeers when 
Dante* befools with his wigs and false 
whiskers the prefect of police; when the 
victims of his vengeance meet and greet 
him. concentrate their attention upon the 

most talked about figure in Parisian society, 
and know him not at all. until, iii the hour 
of death. Ik- (lings aside his wig and is in- 
stantly recognized by the trrrirk-d moribund. 
And yet, even while we smile, the fancy is 
led captive, for none but the miser, the 
J- quite proof against all 
this Arabian Night's magnificence. 

"Monte Cristo" ohers the usual 
tame of the i el to dramatic form; 

and yet so striking an- the leading event 

of the story thai their dramatic significance 

can n.q St- cntirch even in melo- 

drama, let. as I have said, the play 

to the h. although James O'Neil 

made v fortune with tl icrificing 

itic career then For " Monte 

does not call for high-class acting. 

K is bul a handsome dunnn 

melodrama, Noirtier a 

1 hange artist." Villefort the stcre- 

hcavy villain. Danglars a cheap-John 

rascal. Caderousse a Punch-and-Judy come- 
dian, Fernand a stage automaton. And the 
splendid old Abbe Faria, the man of courage 
and iron resolution, who. unassisted, devoted 
the labors of years to cutting a passage to 
freedom through the hard-bound cement, the 
scientist who studied, the inventor who 
planned and fashioned the implements with 
which the author wrote his histories, the 
scholar who trained and educated the rough 
sailor to be the polished and tempered 
weapon of vengeance, this splendid concep- 
tion becomes in the play a cross between a 
bale of hair and a bore. The audience 
coughed and fidgeted, and shuffled its feet 
while the dying abbe zealously endeavored 
to concentrate in a ten-minute interview with 
Dantes, details with which Dumas filled half 
a book. 

The transition of all concerned to an 
arcaded Parisian salon, the brocades, the silk 
stockings, the uniforms, and the orders 
of the men, the starched solemnity of the 
women, the dismal dignity of young Albert, 
the calm effrontery of the elegant Monte 
Cristo while presenting his letter of credit 
to his banker in the salon of a mutual 
friend, all this is pleasingly reminiscent of 
the self-assured improbabilities of the earlier 
drama. They still please the taste that is 
always in its 'teens. And lucky, perhaps, 
for many of the toilers who seek the relaxa- 
tion of theatrical illusion that it is so. 

They will find at the Central Theatre that 
Eugenia Lawton is handsome and picturesque 
as Mercedes ; that Herschell Mayall is a fine- 
looking, clear-featured, and fairly imposing 
Monte Cristo. That makes a very good start. 
The rest o f them are no great shakes, al- 
though Georgie Woodthorpe plays La Car- 
conte in the prescribed manner, and George 
Webster had such a royal good time mouthing 
the periods of Noirtier that the audience 
found a reflected joy in the performance. 

There is one scene of unfeigned delight 
for the cynic — the closing one in the play. 
Monte Cristo has just pierced with his sword 
the body of the Comte de Morcerf. The lat- 
ter falls dead, when Mercedes and Albert 
advance, and, without a glance at the fallen 
father and husband, with radiant smiles 
arrange themselves gracefully in the em- 
brace of Monte Cristo, and the curtain 
falls on this united trio of feeling hearts. 
This, assuredly, was not Dumas's Monte 
Cristo. who permitted himself moments of 
compunction at each separate consummation 
of his hoarded vengeance. 

The timidity that follows as an inevitable 
reaction after the horror aroused by the Chi- 
cago holocaust, has doubtless affected the at- 
tendance at the theatres all over the country 
this week. One who was present at the first 
matinee performance of " The Girl With the 
Green Eyes " counted but twenty-five present 
in the orchestra circle. In the orchestra itself, 
the attendance, while fair, was not up to that 
usuallv attracted at matinee performances, es- 
pecially considering the interest of the play 
and the excellence of the players. 

At the Orpheum. on the contrary, at their 
first evening performance, the attendance 
was as usual : perhaps because men. who are 
less impressionable than women, constitute 
the major portion of Orpheum audiences. 

The bill is but so-so this week, its prin- 
cipal feature being a renewal of Joan Haden's 
" Cvcle of T.ove." This " musical art maze." 
as its getter-up terms it. is a highly ornate, 
elaborate, and rather ingenious series of 
tableaux, to each one of which a musical ex- 
position is presented bv the fair originator. 
Miss Haden is a handsome young woman. 
who wears gowns trimmed with gold em- 
broidery and electric lights. Her vocalizing 
needs polish, but as the eye is aimed at rather 
than the ear. the musical accompaniment is a 
mere detail. 

The figures in the tableaux, which repre- 
sent a series of well-known paintings con- 
cerning the baby god and his arrowy darts, 
are impersonated by a pretty woman in clas- 
sic dress, and a minute child, clothed in pink 
fieshlings, and carrying Cupid's implements of 
mischief. The names of the artists whose 
paintings are thus suggested are given, and 
as they are a Gallic group — Bougereau being 
included among the number — the pictures 
have a Frenchy. fleshly prettiness. It is true 
they suggest valentines, flames and darts, and 
pier ed hearts, and the countenances of the 
painted Cupids in the transformation drops 
are reminiscent of mumps: but the whole 
affair, with its pretty women, its pink Cupid, 
its shadowings of lights, and its tableau 
effects forms a pleasing interlude to the usual 
melange of comic acrobats and acrobatic 

Charles and Minnie Sa-Yan give an anuis- 
"i" very clever acrobatics. Mr. and 
Mrs. Deaves's " Merry Manikins " please 
ihe body of the house, that laughs with the 
childlike enjoyment of its forebears at the 
wire strung antics of these little Stuffed pup- 
pets Since- no less a personage than George 
Sand was wont to amuse herself with drama- 
tizing puppet plays, they need not blush for 
their primitive tastes. The interest the 
famous Frenchwoman felt in this subject was 
! in "The Snowman." whose hero, it 
will be remembered, earned his salt by his 
skill in manipulating his finger puppets and 
improvising dialogue for the amusement of 

festive gatherings, whether of nobles or peas- 
ants. So deeply did George Sand delve into 
the subject, and so thorough a knowledge 
did she display of this branch in miniature 
of the mimic's art. that readers of her bio- 
graphy are not surprised to discover that this 
many-sided woman, tireless in play, as in 
work, amused herself by reviving the lost 
art. and made a specialty at one time of enter- 
taining her friends and family by a digital 
skill and quickness of improvisation similar 
to that of the hero of "The Snowman." 

The manikins at the Orpheum, however, 
are almost up to date, and researches into 
the amusements of feudal days will find a 
discouraging modernness about their cake- 
walks and coon-songs. 

Charlotte Guyer George is a contralto who 
needs to open her contracted throat, relax 
her stiffly posed arms, warm up her imagina- 
tion, and sing true; for with all her faults 
she has a quality of voice that might make it 
worth while. 

The rest of the bill I did not see. An " un- 
bleached American " came next, and one 
must be either child or man to live through 
and enjoy the hodgepodge of coon-songs, jaw 
thrusting, and peculiarly primitive African 
humor presented by this popular exponent. 
As it was. having heard him before. I basely 
abandoned the post of duty and fled. 

Josephine Hart Phelps. 

Two New Plays. 
Augustus Thomas's new comedy, first 
called " The Parson and the Pugilist," then 
changed, because both parsons and pugilists 
objected, to " The Other Girl," has been 
successfully presented in New York. It tells 
of a foolish girl who tried to elope with a 
pugilist, and has many complexities and com- 
plications, all successfully worked out. The 
New York Commercial Advertiser's critic, in 
writing of the comedy, says : " The plot 
moves leisurely in Mr. Thomas's usual fash- 
ion. .. . . His invention is unusually fertile. 
and he pauses often for some little humorous 
digression, glancing backward or forward. 
Yet no one of these digressions is irrelevant 
or obscuring." 

"Clyde Fitch's new comedy. " Glad of It." 
produced at the Savoy Theatre, does not seem 
to be so successful. The New York Mail 
and E-i-prcss. remarking that Mr. Fitch does 
not need money, wonders why he wrote it, 
while the Evening Post says that " the au- 
dience was largely made up of friendly per- 
sons, who strove hard to make a little ap- 
plause go a long way. Mr. Fitch calls his 
play a comedy, but this must be a joke. There 
is no word in the language that exactly fits 
it, because it is in scarcely any sense a play. 
There are scenes in a department-store, upon 
the stage of a theatre, and upon the piazzas 
of a country boarding-house, in all of which 
a number of deplorably vulgar persons talk 
after the manner of their kind. But play 
there is none." The critic says that the peo- 
ple in the cast tried their best to make some- 
thing out of nothing, and mentions Miss 
Phyllis Rankin, formerly of San Francisco, 
as one who did excellent work. 

Warren Apartments 

S. W. cor. Post and Jones Sts. 

Two eight-room apartments now 
vacant. Passenger and supply ele- 
vator service. Artistically finished. 
Sun in every room. See janitor on 

Shainwald, Backbee & Co., Agents 


V. J 


Mnrukiy afternoon, January nth, at 2.15, positively fare- 
well San Francisco appearance. 

Miir. ^-» ^^ ri 
ADKI.INA JL .x^k- M. 

(The Baroness Cederslrom.) 
Direction Robert Grau, incorporated. Management 
Marcus R. Mayer. Signor Romualdo Sapio, Con- 
Prices, $2.00, $2.50, $3.00, $4.00, $5.00, and $6.00. 
Out of town mail orders, accompanied by money 
order and addressed to H. H. Campbell, Treasurer 
Grand Opera House, will be filed in the order of their 
receipt, and seats assigned as near the desired location 
as possible- Stcinway piano used. 


Direction -Will Greeribaum 




C01 rsi A -"Yosemite," Tuesday, January 12th; 
"Yellowstone," Thursday. January 14th; "Grand 
Canyon." Saturday. January :6th; "Alaska I, The 
Fjords." Tuesday, January iqlh ; "Alaska II, The 
Klondike " Tluirsday. January 21st. 

COURSE B — "St. Petersburg," Wednesday. January 
13th ; " Moscow," Friday. January 15th ; " Siberia." 
Monday, January iSth ; " Pekin," Wednesday, Jan- 
uary 20th; "Seoul. Capital of Corea," Friday, Jan- 
uary 22d. 

Kcxvrvcd seals, $1.00, 75c, and 50c. At Sherman, 
Clay & Co. s 

f}\Eye= Glasses 




Corner Eddy and Mason Streets. 
Matinees even. Saturday. Last times 01 
-:- I 2C ION _;- 

Beginning Monday. January nth, first production in 

San Francisco of 

A three-act military comic opera bv Stanislaus Stange 
and Julian Edwards. 

Usual popular prices, 25c, 50c. and 75c. 


Beginning Monday. January nth, matin^ee Satur- 
day only, 

Supported by the Imperial Theatre Company of 
London, in Percy Fendall's modern comedy, 


/{LGAZAR THEATRE. Phone Alcazar. 
Belasco& Maver, Props. E. D. Price. Gen. Mgr. 

Regular matinees Saturday and Sunday. One week. 

commencing Monday, January nth. 

Clyde Fitch's strongest play. 

Evenings. 25c to 7,=jc. Saturda y and Sunday 15c 1050c. 

Monday, Januarv iSth— The brilliant comedy. Mrs. 


Beginning to-morrow matinfe, B. C- WHITNEY pre- 
sents the play of the period, 

Four acts of laughter and tears. Filled with human 

Sunday matinee. Jan. 17th— One Night in June. 

Usual popular prices. Matinee Saturday. 

QENTRAL THEATRE. Phone south S33 . 

Belasco & Maver Proprietors 

Market Street, near Eighth, opposite City Hall. 

Week of Monday, Januarv nth, matinees Saturday 
and Sunday, 


An idyl of the Virginia mountains. 

Prices— Evenings, 10c to 50c. Matinees, 10c. 15c, and 

Week of January iSth— A Break for Liberty. 

Week commencing Sundav matinee. Januarv 10th. 
Sumptuous vaudeville ! Howard Thurston ; Wallno 
and Marinette; Asra; White and Simmons; Dumii- 
rescu. Van Auken, and Vannerson ; the Sa-Vans; 
Charlotte Guyer George; Orpheum motion pictures; 
and last week of Fred Hallen and Mollie Fuller. 

Reserved seats, 25c; balcony, ioc ; opera chairs and 
box seats, 50c. Regular matinees Wednesday, Thurs- 
day, Saturday, and Sunday. 

Next Monday night, an entirely local musical farce, 


Full to the brim with original novelties. Our " all 
star cast," and first appearance of Miss Helen Russell 
and Mr. John Peachey. Seats now on sale. 


Sunday, January 10th, one night only, limited tour of 


and her New York oast in Ibsen's 

-:- <3r XX OSTS -:- 

First time in San Francisco. 
" The greatest work of the greatest living dramatist." 
— .V. y.Sun. 

Monday night, January nth — Mrs. Langtry in Mrs. 
Deering'a Divorce. 

New California Jockey Club 

Commencing Monday, Jan. 4, 1004. 

Racing; every Week Day, Rain or Shine. 

*-* Races start at 2.15 p. M., sharp. *-* 

For Special Trains stopping at the Track take S- P. 
Perry, foot of Market Street, at 12.00, 12.30, 1.00, 1.30 
or 2.00. Last two cars on trains reserved for ladies 
and their escorts in which there is no smoking. 

Returning— Trains leave the track at 4-J° and 4.45 
r. m.. and immediately after the last race. 

PERCY W. TREAT. Secretary. 


A Pure, Old, Mellow Product. 

January ii, 1904. 




Mrs. Langtry's Return. 
The next attraction at the Columbia The- 
atre will be Mrs. Lily Langtry- who. on Mon- 
day night, will begin a fortnight engagement, 
with matinees on Saturdays only. It has 
been nearly eighteen years since Mrs. Lang- 
try was on this Coast, and in the long in- 
terim she is said to have become a come- 
dienne of the first rank, as well as an emo- 
tional actress of considerable power. Her 
first appearance here will be in " Mrs. Deer- 
ing's Divorce." a modern society comedy, in 
which the "Jersey Lily" has a comedy part. 
. The play is in three acts, and is by Percy 
Fendall. a rising English playwright. It had 
a run of several months at Charles Froh- 
man's Savoy Theatre, in New York. The plot 
revolves about Mrs. Deering, who tries to 
win back her husband after having divorced 
him for no particular reason. Mrs. Langtry 
will be supported by her Imperial Theatre 
Company, of London, which includes Fred- 
eric Truesdell. Harold Mead, Stephen French. 
Thomas Thorne. John Doubleday. Felix 
Edwardes, Victor de Kiraly, Katherine Stew- 
art. Ina Goldsmith. Helen Amory. Leilia 
Repton. Mollie Griffin. Eunice James, and 
Nellie Malcolm. " Mrs. Deering's Divorce " 
will be given during the first half of Mrs. 
Langtry's engagement, and announcement as 
to her repertoire thereafter will be made 

A Local Burlesque at Fischer's Theatre. 
This is the last week of ** I-O-U " at Fisch- 
er's Theatre. Next week. " The Beauty 
Shop," a new burlesque by J. C. Crawford, a 
local newspaper man. will be given. It is 
said to have a coherent plot, and tells of the 
adventures of a Chicago woman, who. having 
married, robbed, and deserted an honest Ger- 
man- comes to San Francisco. Here she mar- 
ries acain. and is picked up bv a speculative 
Hebrew, who starts her in the business of 
making unsightly people beautiful. The 
beautv shop does not prosper, so the Hebrew 
tries to obtain financial assistance from a 
Chicago visitor, the manager of a pretzel 
trust. He is the woman's first husband, and 
her efforts to conceal her identity, also to 
keep the knowledge of her past from her 
second husband, lead to some amusing com- 
plications. The scenes of the first and sec- 
ond acts are laid in the beautv shop, and the 
third is located on the ocean beach near the 
Cliff House. The author's aim has been to make 
the book and Ivrics fit the people at Fisch- 
er's. Helen Russel. soprano, and John 
Peachey. baritone, will make their first ap- 
pearance here in " The Beauty Shop." and 
William Kolb. Max M. Dill. Allen Curtis. 
Ben Dillon. Georgie O'Ramey. the Althea 
sisters, and other favorites will be in the 
cast. The management has gone to much 
expense in the matter of costumes and scenic 
effects. Each of the sixteen musical numbers 
introduced are pertinent to the passing situa- 

Mme. Patti's Second Concert. 
A large and brilliant audience greeted 
Mme. Ade*Iina Patti at her concert at the 
Grand Opera House on Thursday night, the 
house being completely filled. The next and 
last concert will be given on Monday after- 
noon. January i ith. at 2 : 1 5 p. si. It is a curious 
fact that Patti has never particularly turned 
her attention toward the classic operas, the 
only role of that character which she ever 
essayed being Zerlina in Mozart's " Don 
Giovanni." Masters of singing will no doubt 
attribute to this fact the preservation of her 
voice. At Monday afternoon's concert Patti 
will be supported, as on last Thursday night, 
by Miss Rosa Zamels. violinist : Wilfred 
Vrigo. tenor: Claud A. Cunningham, bari- 
.tone : Anton Hegner. the cello-virtuoso ; and 
Miss Vera Margolies. pianist. Signor Ro- 
mualdo Sapio. Patti's chosen conductor, will 
direct the concert, which will be almost a 
repetition of that given on Thursday evening. 

A Civil-War Opera at the Tivoli. 
Next week, the Tivoli Opera House will 
stage " When Johnny Comes Marching 
Home." a comic opera new to San Francisco. 
It is by Stanislaus Stange and Julian Ed- 
wardes. and deals with the Civil War. The 
plot is based on a case of mistaken identity, 
and combines fun and serious situations ; 
there is also a well-developed love-story. 
The music is said to abound in blended 
themes of the North and South, and is dra- 
matic as well as tuneful. Wallace Brown- 
low will appear as Johnny, and Arthur Cun- 
ningham will have the role of General Allen. 
Ferris Hartman will be the ne'er-do-well, 
Jonathan Phcenix, while Edward Webb is ex- 
pected to excel as Uncle Tom, a faithful old 
slave. Eugenia Barker will make her first 
appearance as Cordelia, and Bessie Tanne- 
hill. Anna Lichter. Annie Myers, Nettie Deg- 
low, and Frances Gibson will have prominent 

Miss Gallatin in "Ghosts." 

Alberta Gallatin, who will be seen as Mrs. 

Alving in Henrik Ibsen's " Ghosts " at the 

Columbia on Sunday night, has been a most 

successful leading lady with such stars as 

Mrs. Fiske. Thomas W. Keene. E. H. Soth- 
ern. Richard Mansfield, and Joseph Jefferson. 
She has also starred alone for two seasons 
as an independent attraction. For her star- 
ring tour in " Ghosts." Miss Gallatin has 
surrounded herself with a company every 
member of which has been selected with 
special care as to his or her fitness for the 
part to be portrayed. There will be but one 
presentation of " Ghosts." 

The Alcazar Offering. 
" The Moth and the Flame," a Clyde Fitch 
satire on polite manners and social problems, 
will be the attraction at the Alcazar next 
week. There are two striking scenes in this 
play — the children's costume-party, at the 
home of a great society leader, and the fash- 
ionable church wedding at St. Herbert's 
Chapel, prefaced by the assemblage of the 
chattering, frivolous guests. " The Moth and 
the Flame " has not been seen here since 
the original Kelcey-Shannon production. James 
Durkin will have the juvenile role, and the 
rascally Fletcher will be portrayed by Luke 
Conness. On January 18th the Alcazar will 
present " Mrs. Jack." by Leo Dichinstein. 
author of " Harriet's Honeymoon," in which 
Mary Mannering has scored a success. 

In Convict Stripes" at the Grand. 
The week's play at the Grand Opera House 
will be " In Convict Stripes," a stirring 
melodrama of South Carolina. The play 
contains a heart-interest story, and is light- 
ened by much comedy. A realistic repro- 
duction of a Southern convict camp is given. 
The company will be headed by Vivien Pres- 
cott, announced as a young actress of much 
ability. She will appear as Mag, a New York 
waif. Her support includes Hattie Laurent. 
Minnie Pearl. Alice Leslie. Baby May. Jack 
Ellis. Archie K. Christie. J. A. West. A. W. 
Reynolds. J. Arthur O'Brien. Willis L. 
Holmes. Hiram Cornell, Louis Culhane. and 
W. La Rue. At the Sunday matinee, January 
17th. " One Night in June." a dramatic story 
of life in old Vermont, will be presented. 

New Features at the Orpheum. 
Howard Thurston, the illusionist, known as 
" the man who mystified Hermann," will 
make his first appearance in San Francisco 
at the Orpheum next week. This eminent 
prestidigitateur is ever practicing and ex- 
perimenting in search of novelties, and his 
act is very elaborate. Another promising an- 
nouncement is Wallno and Marinette. Aus- 
tria's grotesque dancers ; Asra. Europe's la- 
test sensational juggler, will present a dis- 
tinct novelty in his work with billiard halls 
and on a billiard table ; Frank H. White and 
Lew Simmons will present an old-fashioned 
negro act entitled " Get in de Band Wagon." 
full of the essence of Old Virginia. Fred 
Hallen and Molly Fuller have reserved for 
their second and last week their most suc- 
cessful comedy. " His Wife's Hero." written 
for them especially by George Cohan. The 
other hold-overs are Charles and Minnie Sa- 
Van. who will continue their " comedy of 
mishaps " : Charlotte Guyer George, the con- 
tralto, who will be heard in new selections: 
Dumitrescu. Van Auken. and Yannerson, the 
triple horizontal-bar performers ; and the 
Orpheum motion pictures. 

Burton Holmes's Travel Talks. 
The first of the illustrated lectures by Bur- 
ton Holmes will be given on Tuesday night 
at Lyric Hall. The subject will be " The 
Yosemite." Mr. Holmes was fortunate in 
the time of his visit, as he spent the first 
two weeks of July in the valley, and was able 
to secure some very clever and amusing pic- 
tures of the Fourth of July celebration there. 
The photographs and moving pictures turned 
out very fine, as the conditions for photo- 
graphy are particularly favorable at that sea- 
son. Among the motion pictures to be shown 
are the " Vernal Nevada " and other falls, 
and some views of Niagara will be shown 
by way of comparison. There will be a great 
many of the motion pictures, including the 

" Crazy Caravan," taken on the style of the 
" Crazy Canal Boat." which created such a 
sensation at the lecture on Sweden last year. 
To those who have never visited the beautiful 
valley, the lecture and pictures will be a 
revelation, while to those who have had the 
good fortune to make the trip, it will prove 
a welcome reminder of the beauties of Cali- 
fornia's famous park. On Wednesday night 
the subject will be " St. Petersburg " ; on 
Thursday night, " The Yellowstone " : Friday 
night. " Moscow " ; and Saturday night, "The 
Grand Canon of Colorado." Seats for all 
the lectures are now on sale at Sherman, 
Clay & Co.'s. the prices being $1.00, 75, 
and 50 cents for reserved seats. The au- 
dience is requested to come promptly, as the 
hall will be darkened during the lectures, 
making it impossible to seat the late-comers. 
The lectures will begin at eight-twenty. 

A Virginia Mountain Play. 
As may be gathered from the title, " The 
Moonshiners." the play to be given at the 
Central Theatre next week will deal with the 
troubles between revenue detectives and 
makers of illicit liquor. The scene of the 
melodrama is the mountains of Virginia, the 
scene of many a contest between government 
officers and moonshiners. The people com- 
bine to deceive the inspectors, and are often 
successful. In this play, though, one of the 
illicit stills is broken up. after many thrilling 
adventures. There are unlimited opportuni- 
ties for scenic effects. The Central's new 
comedian, Thomas Shearer, will appear as 
Eph, the African. Mr. Shearer has been in 
stock companies in the East, and last year 
headed his own company. 

A German Performance. 
At the Columbia Theatre on Sunday night. 
January 24th, the Alameda Lustspiel En- 
semble, the organization which appeared 
some weeks ago in " At the White Horse 
Tavern." will play a sequel to this comedy 
under the title of " Als ich Wiederkam." 
which is the work of Blumenthal and Kadel- 
burg. the authors of " Im Weissen Roessl." 
The success which attended the Alameda 
Lustspiel's former production was such as to 
awaken considerable interest in its work, and 
the announcement that another performance 
is to be given will doubtless bring out Ger- 
man theatre-goers in force. 

Banks and Insurance. 


A Pure Straight Brand. 
A. P. Hotaling's Old Kirk Whisky has made 
friends with all who have tried it, which goes to 
show that there is room for a pure straight blend 
in the market. We say it is the best. You try it 
and you will say the same. 


Mr. Paul Gersoti begs to state that, in response to 
numerous requests, he will on Januarv 1st open a 
JUVENILE DEPARTMENT in connection with his 
School oi Acting, and has secured the services of a 
teacher or experience, specially qualified for this work. 
Miss Lillian E. Muscio. One of the features of the de- 
partment will be a dancing class in charge 01 Signora 
Matildita. In order that each one may have his or her 
proper time and attention, the class will be limited to 
twenty-fly* 1 . Mr. Gerson will give his personal at- 
tention to every pupil. For terms, etc.. call or address 
The Juvenile Department of the Paul Gerson School of 
Acting, Native Sons' Building. 414. Mason Street. The 
fourth of the series of matinee performances by stu- 
dents of the school, will take place at Fischer's 
Theatre. Fridav afternoon. January 29th- A brilliant 
programme will be presented. The school will be as- 
sisted by the San Francisco Conservatory of Music, 
this institution hereafter joining its artistic interests 
with the School of Acting. 

Dividend Notices. 

' Trust Company, corner California and Mont- 
gomery Streets. — For the six months ending Decem- 
ber 31, 1903. dividends have been declared on deposits 
in the savings department of this company, as fol- 
lows : On term deposits at the rate of 3 6-10 per cent, 
per annum, and on ordinary deposits at the rate of 3 
per cent, per annum, free of taxes, and payable on 
and after Saturday. January 3, 1004. Dividends un- 
called tor are added to the principal after Januarv 1, 
1904. J. DALZELL BROWN. Manager. 

Are you going to make 

a Will? 

If so, send for Pamphlet to 



Capital and Surplus $1,288,55043 

Total Assets 6,415,683.87 


Cor. California and Montgomery Streets 

San Francisco, California 


526 California Street, San Francisco. 

Guarantee Capital and Surplus S 2,433,7 51.69 

Capital actually paid in cash L.OOO.OOO.OO 

Deposits. Dec. 31. 1903 36,049,491.18 

OFFICERS— President. John Lloyd; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Danikl Meyer; Second Vice-President, H. 
Horstmas ; Cashier, A. H. R Schmidt; Assisum- 
Cashier, William Herrmann ; Secretary, Geokge 
Tournv; Assistarit-Secretarv, A. H. Muller ■ Gen- 
eral Attorney. W. S. Good fellow. 

Board of Directors— }ohn Llovd. Daniel Meyer, H. 
Horstman, Ign. Steinhart, Emit Rohte. H. B. Russ. N. 
Oblandt. I. N. Walter, and J. W. Van Bergen. 


533 California Street. 

Deposits. July 1, 1903 ¥33, 041. 290 

Paid-Pp Capital 1, 000,000 

Reserve Fun*!. ... 247.Gr>~ 

Contingent Fund 625,156 

E. B. POND. Pres. W. C. B. DE KREMERY, 

ROBERT WATT, Vice-Presdls. 

Cashier. Asst Cashier, 

Directors— Henry F. Allen, Robert Watt. William A. 
Magee, GeorgeC. Boardman.W, C. B. de Fremery. Fred 
H. Beaver. C. O. G. Miller, Jacob Barth, E. B. Pond. 


Mills Building, 222 3Iontgomery St. 
Established March. 1S71. 

Authorized Capital $1,000,000.00 

Paid-up Capital 300.000.00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits 200, 000. OO 

Deposits, Dec. 31, 1903 4,196,122.5.-. 

Interest paid on deposits. Loans made. 

William Babcock President 

S. L. Abbot, Jr Vice-President 

Fred W. Ray .Secretary 

Directors— William Alvord, William Babcock. Adam 
Grant, R. H. Pease. L. F. Monteagle. S. L. Abbot. Jr.. 
Warren D. Clark, E. J. McCutrhen, O. D. Baldwin. 





Charles Carpy President 

Arthur Legallet Vice-President 

Leon Bncqueraz Secretary 

Directors— S viva in Weill, J. A. Bergerot, Leon Kauff- 
man, J. S. Godeau, J. E. Artigues. J. Jullien. I. M 
Dupas. G\ Bozio. J. B. Clot. 



42 Montgomery St., San Francisco 

Authorized Capital -S'l.i'O n ,11110 

Paid-up Capital and Reserve. ... 1.725.O0O 

Authorized to act as Executor, Administrator, Guard- 
ian, or Trustee. 

Check accounts solicited. Legal deposrtorv for money 
in probate Court proceedings. Interest paid on Trust 
Deposits and Savings. Investments carefullv selected 

Officers— Frank J. Svmmes, President Horace L- 
Hill, Vice-President. H. Brl'Nner, Cashier. 



Capital. Surplus, and Undi- 
vided Profits *13. 500.000.00 

Homer S. King. President- F. L. I.ipman. 
Cashier. Frank B. Kinc. Asst. Cashier. Jno. E. 
Miles. Asst. Cashier. 

Branches— New York: Salt Lake. Utah ; Portland. 

Correspondents throughout the world. General bank- 
ing business transacted. 

Connecticut Fire Insurance Co. of Hartford 


Cash Capital SI. 000,000 

Cash Assets 4,734.791 

Surplus to Policy-Holders 2,202,63.-. 


Agentfor San Francisco. Manager Pacific 


411 California Street. 


Estahllshed 1889, 


Subscribed Capital 913,000.000.00 

Paid In 2,250,000.00 

Profit and Reserve Fund 300,000.00 

Monthly Income Over 100,000.00 


Secretary and General Manager. 

Romeike's Press Catting Bureau 

Will send you all newspaper clippings which may 
appear about you, your friends, or any subj 
which you want to be " up to date." 

A large force in my New York office read* '• daily 
papers and over 2.000 weeklies and maga/in^, in Fact, 
every paper ol importance published in tlie United 
Slates, for 5,000 subscribers, and. through the Kuro- 
pean Bureaus, all the leading papers in the civilized 

Clippings found for subscribers and pasted on slips 

fiving name and date of paper, and are mailed day 
y day. 
Write for circular and terms. 

HENRY R0ME1KE, 33 Union Squ; 

Branches : 



January 11, 1904. 


The style of coiffure now in vogue de- 
mands a larger supply of hair than falls to 
the lot of most women, and. in consequence. 
the trade in human hair this year is un- 
usually heavy. " Since the revival of the 
pompadour style of dressing women's hair 
and the use of the ' rat.' " says a recent 
dispatch from Xew York. " there has been a 
tremendous increase in the importation of 
human hair. It is estimated that one hun- 
dred tons of hair, valued at three millions 
of dollars, have been received at New York 
this year. This does not represent half the 
expense the style has entailed upon women. 
for it has given an impetus to the hair- 
dressing business. Three times as many 
Xew York women now patronize hair-dress- 
ers as did a few years ago. With women of 
fashion, the hair-dresser is looked upon now 
as a necessity. The hair-dressers say this 
is a great country for their business. The 
women of America have less hair than the 
women of Europe. The quality is about the 
same, but there seems to be something in the 
climate of the United States, or in the habits 
of the people, that is not conducive to 
women's hair growing as luxuriantly as 

In relation to the statement that Ameri- 
can women have a relatively small quantity 
of hair, an authority on the subject has this 
to say : " American women as a rule do 
not have abundant hair because they habit- 
ually mistreat it. With them a becoming 
coiffure is the first consideration, and in se- 
curing that they ignore the commonest rules 
for the proper treatment of the hair. Until 
very recent years the daily manipulation of 
the curling-irons was a part of every 
woman's toilet, with the exception of 
those endowed by nature with fluffy, 
waving locks: and the curling-tongs 
have ruined many a fine suit of hair. The 
continual application of extreme heat checks 
the secretions of oil in the scalp, and in time, 
when the oil glands cease their functions, the 
hair becomes thinned in quantity and rough 
and dry in texture. Another fruitful source 
of trouble is too frequent washing. Hair is 
better without being washed. That does not 
mean that it must not be cleaned, but the 
agent employed should not be water. What 
should be used is a cleaning preparation or 
hair tonic, mixed for the purpose, with a lit- 
tle oil as one of the ingredients. Oil carries 
off dirt better than water does, and a few drops 
rubbed on the scalp once or twice a week 
will keep it in a clean and healthy condi- 
tion. The hair itself needs a thorough brush- 
ing daily to remove the loose dust. A five- 
minute massage of the scalp every morning 
is also both cleansing and invigorating. 
Women with whitening locks are obliged 
to resort to frequent shampoos to keep at bay 
the ugly yellow tinge that only water and 
strong alkali will bleach out, but the growth 
of the hair suffers in consequence. Most 
girls wash their hair two or three times a 
month. The hue is thus brightened a little 
and a becoming flufhness is gained, but the 
natural oil is checked and the scalp in time its health and vigor. The present fash- 
ion has banished crimped and curling locks, 
and substituted instead the crisp masses of 
hair which frame the wearer's face like an 
aureole. Beneath the luxuriant tresses that 
are in evidence. ' rats ' arc employed to give 
substance to the structure. Another method 
of stimulating a dense growth, more popular 
because it dispenses with the use of false 
hair, is termed ' ratting.' This consists in 
roughening on the reverse side the locks that 
surround the face by combing them ' the 
wrong way.' thus converting them into a 
tangled mass. This serves as a ' stuffing ' 
for the pompadour, which is then brushed 
into a state of glossy perfection over the 
roughened hair beneath. It is needless to 
say that such treatment is injurious in the 
highest degree. It is as destructive to the 
texture of the hair to comb it 'the wrong 
way' as it would be to a butterfly's wing 
to rub it up. So long as women flagrantly 
abuse their hair in these different ways, they 
must not expert the abundance and beauty 
of texture easily attained by proper treat- 

While the number of divorces in this coun- 
try has assumed larg< proportions, some nations 
of the Old World still refuse to permit di- 
vorce within their borders. The former 
prime minister of Italy. Signor Zanardelli 
a professed atheist, Bome time ago presented 
to the national Legislature a bill providing 
for the addition of laws of divorce to the 
code. But i"" was the opposition 

which the projected measure excited that it 
h.-is bei :n definitely withdrawn from the pro 
gramme, "in 'l ' s explained, ' tn 

the overwhelming sentiment against the pro 

posed law." In Italy, in 1901, the entire number 
of demands for that judicitil separation between 
husband and wife, which is admitted by law 

of the l.ut 1. did not exceed [,800, that is to 

, ' if every too, 000 i 1 habitants, The 

C i of sepai .ii i' m anted by the 

. , amounted to 8. 1 H tbi 1 

,ons, 444 were arranged by .mutual 

between husband and wife, while 

., 100 were based on charges of in- 

fidelity and desertion. Official statistics show 
a similar condition of affairs in Spain and 
in Portugal, the only other countries in the 
world where laws of divorce do not exist. 
This absence of any law of divorce from 
the statute book of Italy. Spain, and Por- 
tugal is a point to which the attention of 
every American woman marrying a citizen 
of one or another of these countries should 
be drawn before she confers upon him her 
hand. For once wedded there is no release 
of a legal character save death. No Ameri- 
can tribunal can grant her relief that would 
be regarded as valid in the Old World, and 
divorces obtained in the United States by 
American women who have married for- 
eigners, making their homes abroad, are of 
no legal account on the other side of the 
Atlantic. In Austria, the laws providing fordi- 
vorce are of an extremely restricted nature. 
In Russia, so reluctant is the Synod to grant 
the dissolution of a marriage that divorces 
are exceedingly rare, even among the rich, 
who alone can afford the heavy fees demanded 
by the ecclesiastical authorities, while among 
the masses they are entirely unknown. In 
England, during all the earlier part of the 
last reign, divorces were far more difficult 
to obtain than they are to-day. In fact, the 
dissolution of a marriage entailed so much 
trouble and expense that it was only the very 
rich who could afford to indulge in such a 
luxury. Queen Victoria, up to ten or fifteen 
years before her death, resolutely declined 
to receive at court any woman who had 
figured in a divorce case, even in the role 
of an innocent and ill-used plaintiff. But 
public opinion did not support the queen, and 
toward the last she became more lenient 
toward divorcees, several of whom were 
received at court, while others still were ad- 
mitted to the honors of private presentation. 
To-day but little remains of the old-time 
rigor formerly manifested toward women 
who had figured in divorce cases either in 
England or in Germany, in France, in Scan- 
dinavia, or in Switzerland. Indeed, divorce 
is fashionable and frequent in all the mo- 
narchical countries of the Old World, save 
Spain, Portugal, and Italy, and in a minor 
degree Austro-Hungary and Russia. 

No French ball this year is the news that 
comes from New York. No Parisian gayety 
at the Garden, no decollete danseusc dex- 
terously removing a top-hat with her toe as 
a finishing touch of grace to a pas seul. 
None of the decorous riotousness under 
a police inspector's eye for which this an- 
nual dance of the Cercle Francais de 1'Har- 
monie was noted.. It bids fair to be a dull 
season for art. Time was (says the World) 
when the " French ball " deserved its celeb- 
rity as a social institution unique of its 
kind. It marked the climax of a season's 
dissipation for the callow youth, the sight 
of the sirens there and the memory of cold 
bottles provided him with memories of ju- 
venile " real-devilishness " sufficing for a 
lifetime. What though the dancers were en- 
gaged for the occasion and the wickedness 
prearranged as per schedule? Were not these 
merely the calumnies of the blase? The col- 
lege boy. at any rate, found it the real thing, 
and the fame of its wickedness was abroad 
in the land from Skowhegan to Tombstone. 
Now it is no more. 

In conformity with the custom that has 
existed for a century, President and Mrs. 
Roosevelt inaugurated the social season at 
Washington by a reception on New Year's 
Day. Electric lights and floral decorations 
made the White House very beautiful, and 
from eleven o'clock in the morning till two 
in the afternoon, visitors were received, six 
thousand seven hundred and eleven being 
greeted by the President and his wife. 
Thirty-five countries were represented by the 
diplomats who were greeted. Members of 
Congress, the members of the United States 
Supreme Court, justices of the Court of 
Claims, of the District Court of Appeals, 
of the Supreme Court of the District of Co- 
lumbia, officers (active and retired) of the 
army, navy, and marine corps, and the Dis- 
trict of Columbia National Guard, were re- 
ceived. Lieutenant-General Young led the 
army officers, accompanied by General 
Chaffee. The officers of the navy were led 
by Admiral Dewey. Sir Henry Irving, the 
actor, was among the guests, and was the 
mark of especial consideration from the 
President, who had several minutes' conver- 
sation with him. The reception was thor- 
oughly democratic, the President refusing to 
pul any time limit upon it. The Marine 
Rand of sixty pieces furnished music during 

The Princess Mathilde, only daughter of 
Prince Jerome Bonaparte, died in Paris on 
January 2u, at the age of eighty-three years. 
Her death was hastened by a fall, last July, 
at her chateau at St. Gratien, near Paris. 
Her thigh-bone was broken by the accident. 
bringing about a gradual decline. Ex-Em- 
press Eugenie and Princess Clothilde were 
with her shortly before she died. Princess 
Mathilde was born at Trieste, and was the 
daughter of ex-King Jerome Bonaparte of 
Westphalia, and of his second wife. Princess 
Caroline of Wurtcmburg. Her father, a 

spendthrift, became indebted to Anatole 
Demidoff. a Muscovite millionaire, who de- 
manded and was granted Mathilde's hand in 
return for a cancellation of the debt. Their 
married life was very unhappy, on account of 
Demidoff's brutality, and in 1844. they were 
separated. Princess Mathilde moved, in 
1846, to Paris, where she spent the remain- 
der of her li fe. She established a salon . 
which was the gathering place of all the 
brilliant people of the French capital. Her 
house in the Rue de Berri was a museum of 
art treasures. She was an excellent artist, 
exhibiting many paintings in the Paris Salon. 

Whistler's favorite model. Carmen, re- 
cently sold at auction in Paris souvenirs 
which she said that James McNeill Whistler 
had given her. receiving something like eight 
thousand dollars for the trifles. A dozen 
rough sketches of herself, nude, draped, and 
in compositions with others, nocturnes, sun- 
sets, and love letters to herself all fell under 
the hammer. The model says that some of 
the pictures were given her, and that she 
picked the others out of Whistler's waste 
basket. This may be true and it may not be 
true. All of Whistler's associates (says the 
Paris correspondent of the Sun) well re- 
member the tales of light-fingeredness which 
he used to relate in his inimitably humorous 
way. And Whistler knew her best of all. 
She posed for him during fifteen years. Il- 
lustrated catalogues of the sale were sent all 
over Paris, and some went into foreign coun- 
tries. One found its way into the home of 
the late Mr. Whistler's family in London, 
and to them is Carmen indebted for the good 
prices received. The fact has come to light 
that their representative was to buy up all 
the letters at any cost. Only three or four 
billet-doux had been auctioned off at closing 
time, but all were sent off in bulk two days 
later to England. The letters brought from 
two dollars to four dollars and fifty cents, 
according to their length and ardor. 

Tesla Briquettes are 
Excellent domestic fuel 
Since recently improved. 
Let us send you 
A ton — and please vou. 

Tesi.a Oual Co., phone South 95. 


From Official Report of Alexander G. McAdie 
District Forecaster. 

Max. A/in. Rain- 
Tern. Tern. fall. 

December 30th 56 4S .00 

31st 56 50 .00 

January 1st 54 4S .00 

2d 54 46 .00 

3d 5 2 44 00 

" 4th 56 44 .00 

5th 56 46 .00 

6th.. 56 44 .00 

State of 
Cloud v 
Pt. Cloud\ 
PI. Cloudy 
Pt. Cloud \ 


The transactions on the Stock and Bond Ex- 
change for the week ending Wednesday. January G, 
1904, were as follows : 

Bonds. Closed 

Shares. Bid. Asked 

Hawaiian C. S- 5%- 4,ooo @ 09 98J4 100 

Los An. Ry 5% @ 112^ 112^ 

N. R. of Cal. 5%--. ■ 2.000 @ ii4M-i'5 "4M 

North Shore Ry 5% @ X)S- g&H 9S 100 

Pac. Elect. Ry.5%- 3 l -ooo ©105- 107^ 104^ 105 
S. F. &S. J. Valley 

Ry. 5% 37,ooo @ 117- .117K "7K 

S- P. R. of Arizona 

6% 1909 5.000 @ 104^-104% 1043$ 

S. P. R. of Cal. 5% 

Stpd 10,000 ©107- 107J4 107^ 107^ 

S.V.Waler6% 34,000 @ 106 106 jo6M 

S.V.Water4% 2.000 @ 9954 100 

S.V. Water4% 3d 1.000 @ 9S& 9S 

Stocks. Closed 

IVater. Shares. Bid. Asked 

ContraCosta 20 @ 40 41 

Spring Vat. W. Co. 236 @ 38%- 39K 39 

Suga rs. 

Hawaiian CS 100 @ 44- 44'A 44 4A l A 

HonokaaS. Co 115 @ I2# ™H 

Hutchinson 953 @ S- SJ£ 8 

MakaweliS.Co. .. 55 ® 23^ 22'A *S% 

PaauhauS.Co 5 @ ] 4 14 I4$4 

Gas and Electric. 

Mutual Electric... 10 @ 10 W*. 

3. F.Gas&EI'ctric So @ 64- 64^ 64^ 

Miscella neons. 

Alaska Packers. . . 360 @ 136- 139M 136K "37 

Cal. Fruit Canners, io @ 94 9 2 3$ 95 

Cal. Wine Assn.... 20 @ 93M 93J6 943i 

Oceanic S- Co io @ 4 4 5 

Pac. Coast Borax.. 27 @ 167 167 

The market has been quiet in all lines. Spring 

Valley Water on small transactions sold up one-half 
point to 39H- 

Alaska Packers <>n sales of 3G0 shares sold down 
four points to 136. closing at 136^ bid. 137 asked. 

The sugar siocks were traded in to the extent <>t 
1,200 shares, .it fractional declines. 

San Irancisco Gas and Electric was in fair de- 
niand. and sales of 80 shares were made at 64 to 64*;, 
closing at 64*,? asked. 


Local Stocks ami Securities. Refers by permission 
to Wells Far);,' & I ',0. and Anglo-Californian Banks. 

A. W. BLOW, 
Member Stock and Bond Exchange. 

A. W. BLOW & CO. 

Look at the Brand I 

Walter Bakers 

Cocoa and 


The FINEST in the World 
Costs Less than One Gent a Gup 
Forty Highest Awards in Europe 

and America 

Walter Baker & Co. Ltd. 

Established i7go Dorchester, Mass. 

ltS «» 


These trade-mark crlsac/oss^lnes on every paefcagt, 



Perfect Breakfast Ad DJEert Health Cereals. 
PANSY FLOURVor^J^uV Cake and Pastry. 

TTnlike all o/er acodsX Ask Greyer*. 

For rook jlflampre, write 
f ARWELL & RHINK, \Atcrtown, N. Y., U.S.A. 




Tel. Bush 24. 

304 Montgomery St., S. F. 

By special arrangement with the publishers, and 
by concessions in price on bnlh sides, we are enabled 
to make the following offer, open to all subscribers 
direct to this office. Subscribers in renewing sub- 
scriptions to Eastern periodicals will please mention 
the date of expiration in order to avoid mistakes. 

Argonaut and Century 87.00 

Argonaut and Scribner's Magazine.... 6.25 

Argonaut and St. Nicholas 6.00 

Argonaut and Harper's Magazine 6.70 

Argonaut and Harper's "Weekly. 6.70 

Argonaut and Harper's Bazaar 4.36 

Argonaut and "Weekly New York Trib- 
une (Republican) 4.50 

Argonaut and Thrice - a - "Week New 

York World (Democratic) 4.25 

Argonaut, Weekly Tribune, and 

Weekly World 5.25 

Argonaut and Political Science Quar- 
terly 5.90 

Argonaut and English Illustrated 

Magazine 4.70 

Argonaut and Atlantic Monthly 6.70 

Argonaut and Judge 7.50 

Argonaut and Blackwood 's Magazine. 6.20 

Argonaut and Critic 5.10 

Argonaut and Life.. TT 7.75 

Argonaut and Puck 7.50 

Argonaut and Current Literature 5.90 

Argonaut and Nineteenth Century 7.25 

Argonaut and Argosy 4.35 

Argonaut and Overland Monthly..... 4.25 

Argonaut and Review of Reviews 5.75 

Argonaut and Lippincott's Magazine.. 5.20 

Argonaut and North American Review 7.50 

Argonaut and Cosmopolitan 4.35 

Argonaut and Forum 6.00 

Argonaut and Vogue 6.10 

Argonaut and Littell's Living Age 9.00 

Argonaut and Leslie's Weekly 6.70 

Argonaut and International Magazine 4.50 

Argonaut and Mexican Herald.- 10.50 

Argonaut and Munsey's Magazine 4.35 

Argonaut and the Criterion 4i35 

Argonaut and the Out West 5.25 

January ii, 1904. 




Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise. 

In discussing lawyers, one day, Disraeli 
wittily remarked : " Everybody knows the 
stages of a lawyer's career — he tries in turn 
to get on. to get honors, to get honest." 

At Waterloo, Lord Anglesey was stand- 
ing close to the Duke of Wellington when he 
received his wound. Lord Anglesey turned 

to the duke, and said : " By G , I have 

lost my leg!" " Have you? By G !" said 

the duke, still gazing at the battle. 

"Farming? I know what it is," declares 
Representative Fred Landis, of Indiana : 
" father and five of us boys used to work all 
the year round to raise stuff to feed five 
horses. Finally two of the horses died, and 
that enabled Charley and myself to get away 
from the farm and come to Congress." 

" Eternity," said the country exhorter, who 
wanted to make things clear, " is forever 
and forever, and five or six everlastings on 
top of that. Why, brothers and sisters, 
after millions and billions of centuries had 
rolled away in eternity, it would still be a 
hundred thousand years to breakfast time." 

The all-night and next-day habits of the 
late Phil May, the artist, have furnished ma- 
terial for many a story. Joe Tapley, the 
singer, tells that he came across May one 
night, and heard that the latter had not been 
to bed for four nights and days. He remon- 
strated, and May said : " Never mind, Joe, 
we'll make a bargain ; don't you lose any 
sleep on my account, and I promise that as 
soon as I feel tired I'll go to bed!" 

Herbert Spencer used in his later years 
to pay visits to Grant Allen, between whom 
and himself there existed a great friend- 
ship. On one occasion he came provided 
with two curious objects tied behind his ears. 
These excited the curiosity of the company. 
Their purpose was soon disclosed, for when- 
ever the conversation took a turn which did 
not interest him he pulled the things over 
his ears, and so obtained silence within him- 
self. He called them ear-clips. 

The women of New York have been mak- 
ing much of Prince Mohammed Barakatul- 
lah. Recently he delivered a lecture before 
the Professional Women's League on the 
standing of the Mohammedan women in their 
own country, and touched upon the subject 
of polygamy. After his lecture, one of the 
ladies became personal, and asked him : 
" Prince, would you be contented with one 
wife?" " Madame," declared the Oriental, 
" I never had a desire for more than one 
until I met the American women." 

Mr. Nolan had received a long tongue 
lashing from Mr. Quigley, and his friends 
were urging on him the wisdom of vindicat- 
ing his honor by a prompt use of his fists. 
" But he's more than me equal," said Mr, 
Nolan, dubiously, " and look at the size of 
him." " Sure, and you don't want folks 
.to be saying Terry Nolan is a coward?" de- 
manded a reproachful friend. " Well, I 
dunno," and Mr. Nolan gazed mournfully 
about him; "I'd rather that than to have 
them saying day afther to-morrow, ' How 
natural Terry looks!'" 

In all of his accounts of European travel, 
Mark Twain expresses his dissatisfaction 
with the cooking there, and in his " Tramp 
Abroad " he devotes more than a page to a 
list of the good things he will get upon ar- 
riving in New York, supplementing it by a 
description of a real American beefsteak that 
would make Thackeray, famous as is his 
panegyric on the juicy tenderloin, turn in 
his grave. From all accounts, the American 
humorist has not modified his opinion of 
European chefs. It is said that, on leaving 
for his recent visit to Europe, he confided to 
Senator Depew : " Rather than eat those Eu- 
ropean breakfasts, do you know what I'll do? 
I'll nail a piece of cuttle-fish bone up on the 
chimney, and every morning I'll hop up on 
the mantel and pick at it with a tin bill. It 
will be just as filling and much cheaper than 
a European breakfast." 

A member of Parliament in Australia re- 
cently received from an indignant constituent, 
who had asked him in vain for a " billet " 
(a job in politics;, the following unique let- 
ter: " Deer Sur: You're a dam fraud, and 
you know it. I don't care a rap for the bil- 
let or for the muney either, but I object 
to bein' made an infernil fool of. Soon 
as you was elected by my hard-working 
friends a feller wanted to bet me that you 
wouldn't be in the house moren a week 
before you made a ass of yousself. I bet 
him a Cow on that, as I thought you was 
worth it then. After I got your note sayin' 
you deklined to ackt in the mMter i druv 
the Cow over to the Feller's place an' tole 
him he had won her. That's orl I got by 
howlin' meself horse for you. You not only 

hurt a man's Pride, but you injure him in 
bizness. I believe you take a pleshir in cut- 
tin' your best friends, but wate till the clouds 
roll by an' they'll cut you — just behind the 
Ear, where the butcher cuts the pig. Yure 
no man. Yure only a tule. Go to hel. I 
lowers meself ritin' to a skunk, even tho I 
med him a member of Parliament." 

An incident in the life of Paganini conies 
from Liverpool. The great violinist was vis- 
iting friends in the suburbs of that city, at 
the house of a lady whose religious ideas were 
severely strained by her guest venturing to 
play on the Sabbath day. " Vy," asked the 
musician, " eef ze Sabat mos be so holie that 
nosing mos be done at all, vy does Provee- 
dence permit ze leetel birds to sing on dat 
day, and ze leaves of ze forest to clap zere 
hands for joy, making ze rustling music, and 
ze vaters of ze great deep to sound zeir 
mysterious harmonies?" 

It seems that the crop of anecdotes about 
James McNeill Whistler will never be ex- 
hausted. One of the latest is to the effect 
that one day Whistler entered the atelier 
of his class in Paris, and found that a red 
background had been arranged behind the 
model. At once he directed something of a 
duller tone to be substituted, and he scraped 
the red paint off the canvas of one of the 
pupils, putting in its place another back- 
ground. But the red would show through. 
He scraped, studied, and worked laboriously 
to get something that pleased him. The rest 
of the class surrounded the easel and eagerly 
watched the master. He looked up finally, 
and said : " I suppose you know what I am 
trying to do ?" " Oh, yes, sir," they all 
chorused. " Well, it's more than I do," he 
replied, grimly, and left the place. 


Yyeyosu Takagawa, Etc. 
There was a great swell in Japan, 
Whose name on a Tuesday began — 
It lasted through Sunday 
Till twilight on Monday, 
And sounded like stones in a can. 

— Harvard Lampoon. 

Furor Scribendi. 
Mother's got the writing fever, 

Father's had it for a year, 
Sister's " daffy " on the subject, 

Brother says the pen's his sphere. 

Uncle's always planning essays, 
Aunt is busy making rhymes, 

Grandma's writing " Recollections "; 
My! but these are learned times! 

Niece is editing a paper, 

Nephew's got the sporting page. 

Cousin's got the social column; 
Writing! Writing's all the rage! 

Cook has quit to write up menus, 
Housemaid — she skipped out to-day, 

Says that she can write a novel 
Just as good as Bertha Clay. 

Coachman says he's sick and tired 
Holding reins for other folks, 

He's resigned — he's found his mission — 
Going to write up funny jokes. 

Seamstress left to write up fashions, 
Washerwoman winks her eye, 

Says that she can scribble poems 
While the clothes are getting dry. 

Teacher's writing nature sketches, 
Lawyer's making legal notes, 

Politician's filling volumes 

On the crime of buying votes. 

Everybody, everybody 

Ramping after fame and pelf — 
Gosh! I, too, have caught the spirit. 

Going to turn a scribe myself! 

— Leslie's Monthly. 

A Tragic Calendar. 

Jan-et was quite ill one day; 

Feb-rile troubles came her way. 

Mar-tyrlike she lay in bed; 

Apr-oned nurses softly sped. 
" 'May-be," said the leech, judicial, 
" Jun-ket would be beneficial." 

J ul-eps, too, though freely tried, 

Aug-ured ill, for Janet died. 

Sep-ulchre was sadly made, 

Oct-aves pealed and prayers were said, 

Nov-ices with many a tear 

Dec-orated Janet's bier. — Life. 

The Difference. 
Man wants but little here below 

When eating a la carte, 
But when it's table d'h6te, he wants 
1 1 all, right from the start. 

— Yale Record. 

" Woman is a riddle ; she keeps us guess- 
ing." " Yes, but we never give her up." — 

The Old Camper 

has for forty-five years had one article in his supply 
—Borden's Eagle Brand Condensed Milk It gives 
to soldiers, sailors, hunters, campers, and miners a 
daily comfort, "like the old home." Delicious in 
coffee, tea, and chocolate. 

"I Says," "He Says," and "She Says." 

Some forty years ago New Yorkers were 
noted for the purity and simplicity of their 
English. Now all that is changed. Long 
ago a New Yorker would tell the oft-re- 
peated sad story as follows: "On my way 
home last evening I met John Smith. He in- 
vited me to go to the theatre with him. I 
told him I had promised my wife to be home 
for supper, but he would take no excuse. 
We talked the matter over, and at last he 
prevailed upon me to go with him. We en- 
joyed ourselves at the theatre, and had a 
good time when the play was oyer. Reaching 
home in good spirits, I found my wife in 
a very bad humor. She was still angry this 
morning. I'm afraid she will never be her- 
self again." 

In these days of progress he tells it, or 
rather says it, thus: 

" Pegging for my flat last evening I found 
myself up against John Smith. 

" ' Hands up,' he says. 

"'What for?' I says. 

" ' For the show,' he says. 

" ' No,' I says. ' Can't go,' I says. ' I 
promised my wife,' I says, ' to be home for 
supper,' I says. 

" ' How old is Ann?' he says. 

" ' Chestnuts !' I says. 

"'Rats!' he says, 'you can see your wife 
every night,' he says. ' but you can't see a 
show every evening,' he says. 

" ' Chase yourself,' I says. 

" ' Not much,' he says. ' You're pinched !' 
he says. 

" ' Well, all right, I says, ' I'll go,' I says. 

" So we took in the show, and took in 
some more when it was over. Close-hauled 
on the reach, I managed to fetch the she- 
bang. My wife, she says. ' Where were you?' 
she says. 

" ' At the show,' I says. 

" ' You're the show,' she says. 

"'Come off!' I says. 

"'You're a brute!' she says. 'Git out of 
my sight!' she says. 

" ' Take the " L " road !' I says. Then she 
made a dive for the broomstick. 

" Now if she went for the gun or the 
carving-knife, I'd have gone up to bed, but 
when she started for the broomstick, I knew 
there was something doing. So I ran down- 
stairs and across to Molloy's. 

"'What's the matter?' he says. 

" ' I'm between a stone fence and a dog's 
nose,' I says. 

" ' I guess you'd better take the stone 
fence,' he says. 

" ' All right,' I says. 

" ' Better than a broomstick,' I says 

" ' Oh, oh,' he says, ' I tumble,' he says. 

"'You've been thar?' I says. 

" ' You bet !' he says. 

" Then he gave me the stone fence, and 
after that gin cocktails galore." 

This is no exaggeration — it's just what he 
says. He always says " he says " or " I 
says " at the end of everything he says, ex- 
cept when he says " she says." — IV. in the 
New York Sun. 

Knows one that hasn't: "The Hawville 
Clarion," remarks the Hickory Ridge Mis- 
sourian, " wants to know ' if microbes ever 
suffer from brain fag.' We can answer the 
question in part, anyhow. The microbe that 
edits the Hawville Clarion never suffers from 
it. He hasn't any brains to be fagged. We 
are always glad to be able to shed informa- 
tion for the benefit of the ignorant." — Chi- 
cago Tribune. 

Why she was worried : " I wonder who 
that woman is whose hat is on crooked, and 
who looks bothered half to death," said a 
man on the back platform of a street-car. 
" That's my wife," said Mr. Meekton ; " she's 
bothered to death for fear she won't get to 
her ' Don't Worry ' Club in time to attend 
the election of officers." — Washington Star. 

A woman who teaches in a college for girls 
vouches for the truth of this story. She 
presides over one of the college dining tables 
at which sit a dozen students. One day some 
curly lettuce was brought on. A freshman 
looked at it, and exclaimed : " How clever 
of the cook to crimp it that way! How does 
she do it?" — Youth's Companion. 

Digestion for Dyspeptics. 

Messrs. Farwell & Rhines, of Watertown, 
N. Y., are making an offer that is of interest 
to every dyspeptic or sufferer from diabetes, 
constipation, etc. They will send on appli- 
cation a free sample of their noted cereals, 
which are manufactured especially with view 
to their possibilities of ready assimilation by 
the most delicate digestive organs. Messrs. 
Farwell & Rhines are manufacturers of 
" Gluten Flour," " Special Diabetic Food," 
" K. C. Whole Wheat Flour," " Barley 
Crystals," and " Gluten Grits." No invalid 
who is interested in the vital question of 
" What May I Eat?" can afford to tamper 
with any other flours. Find which is suited 
to your case, and try it. 

Dr. Charles W. Decker, Dentist, 
Phelan Building. 8c6 Mark.'i Street. Specialty : 
" Colton Gas " for the painless extracting of teeth. 


From New York Saturdays at 9.30 a. m. 

St. Louis Jan. 9 I St. Paul Jan. 23 

New York Jan. 16 | Philadelphia Jan 30 

Philadelphia— Queenstown— Liverpool. 

Haverford Jan. 9, 3 pm I Friestand. .Jan. 23, 1.30pm 

Noordland....Jan. 16,9am | Merion Jan. 30, 8.30am 



Mesaba ..Jan. 9. 9 am 

Menominee Jan. 16, 9 am 

Minnetonka Jan. 23 9 am 

Marquette j an . 30j 3 pm 

Only first-class passengers carried. 


Portland— Liverpool-Short sea passage. 

Dominion Jan. 23 j Dominion Feb 27 

Canada Feb. 6 | Canada March 12 



New Twiii-Screw Steamers oi 12,500 tons. 

Sailing Tuesdays at 10 a. m. 

Statendam Jan. 19 I Potterdam Feb 2 

fAmsterdam Jan. 26 | *Sloterdyk Feb. 16 

t Steerage only. * Freight only. 


Sailing Saturdays at 10.30 a m. 

Vaderland.. Jan. 9 I Zeeland J an . 30 

Kroonland Jan. 30 | Finland Feb. 6 



Celtic Jan. 13, 2 pm I Majestic Feb. 3, 10 am 

Teutonic. ..Jan. 20, Oceanic Feb. 10, 1 pm 

Cedric Jan 27, noon | Celtic Feb. 17, 6 am 

Boston — Queens town— Liverpool. 

Cymric Jan. 21. Feb. 18, March 17 

Cretic Feb. 4, March 3, March 31 

Boston Mediterranean *>'"** 


Romanic Jan. 16, Feb. 27, April 9 

Canopic Jan. 30, Mar. 12 

Republic (new) Feb. 13, Mar. 26 

C. D. TAYLOR, Passenger Agent, Pacific Coast, 
21 Post Street, San Francisco. 

Occidental and Oriental 


Steamers leave Wharf corner First and Brannan 
Streets, at 1 P. M., for 
Honolulu, YOKOHAMA, Kobe, Nagasaki, Shanghai 
and HONG KONG, as follows: 1904 

Coptic Friday, Jan. 16 

Gaelic ....Wednesday, Feb. IO 

Doric (Calling at Manila) Saturday, Mcta 5 

No cargo received on board on day of sailing. 
Round-Trip Tickets at reduced rates. 
For freight and passage apply at company's office, 
No. 421 Market Street, corner First Street. 

D. D. STUBBS, General Manager. 






Steamers will leave Wharf, corner First and Brannan 
Streets, 1 p. m. lor YOKOHAMA and HONG KONG 
calling at Kobe (Hiogo), Nagasaki, and Shanghai, and 
connecting at Hong Kong with steamers for India, etc. 
No cargo received on board on day of sailing. 1904 

America Maru Monday, January 36 

Hongkong Maru...Wednesday, February 17 

Nippon Blaru Tuesday, March 15 

Via Honolulu. Round-trip tickets at reduced rates 
For freight and passage apply at companv's office, 
421 Market Street, corner First. 

W. H. AVERY, General Agent. 


Sierra, 6200 tons | Sonoma, 6200 tons | Ventura, 6200 tons 

S. S. Alameda, for Honolulu only, Jan. 9, 1904, 

at n a. m. 
S. S. Sonoma, for Honolulu, Pago Pago, Auckland. 

and Sydney, Thursday, Jan. 21, 1904, at 2 p. m. 
S. S. Mariposa, for Tahiti, Feb. n, 1904, at II a. m. 
J. D. Spreckels & Bros. Co., Agts., 643 Market 
Street. Freight Office, 329 Market St., San Francisco. 


Telephone Bush 12. 


Branches— 5a Tavlor St. and 200 Montgomery Ave. 

202 Third St. 1738 Market Si. 

Laundry on 12th St. between Howard and Folsom. 

ORDINARY MENDING, etc.. Free of Charge 

Work called for and delivered Free of Charge. 


a new and original process through which we 
are enabled to save over 50 per cent, of the pic- 
lures formerly lost by under exposure. Each film 
is developed separately, thus making it possible 
to assure the correct treatment for every ex- 
posure. There is no increase in cost ; simply 
more satisfaction to our patrons. Lei us de- 
velop your next roll. Kirk, Geary & Co., "Every- 
thing in Photography," 112 Geary Street, Sail 


lished 1876— volumes. 

1865 — 38,000 v olumes. ___ 

lislicd 1S55, re-incorporated i860— 108.000 volumes. 

Suiter Street, established 1852—80,000 volumes. 

June 7, 1879 — 146,297 volumes. 


Most striking effects are produced by pi 
mounted on harmonious tinted raw s 
— greens, grays, black, and red; in 
artistic for a very moderate oulla\. 
& Co., 741 Market Street. 



January ir, 1904. 


The Duffield-McKenna Weddine. 
The wedding of Miss Isabel McKenna, 
daughter of Justice Joseph McKenna and Mrs. 
McKenna. to Mr. Pitts Outfield took place in 
Washington, D. C. on Wednesday. Father 
Ward Buckley, of St. Matthew's Roman 
catholic church, performed the ceremony. 
The bride was attended by her sisters. Miss 
Marie McKenna and Miss Hildegard Mc- 
Kenna. and the groom's attendant was Mr. 
Edgar Mills. Mr. Devie Duffield and Mr. 
Kenneth Duffield acted as ushers. Among the 
guests -aIi" witnessed the ceremony were 
1 'rcsi< lent and Mrs. Roosevelt, Chief Justice 
of the Supreme Court and Mrs. Fuller. 
Justice and Mrs. Oliver Wendell Holmes. 
Secretary of State and Mrs. Hay. Admiral 

Dewey and Mrs. Dewey, Mr. and 

Mrs. Whitelaw Reid, Mr. and Mrs. C. B. 
Alexander. Miss Kohl. Captain and Mrs. F. 
B. McKenna. of St. Louis. After their re- 
turn from their wedding journey in the 
South. Mr. and Mrs. Duffield will live in 
New York. 

The Searles-Ayers Wedding. 
The wedding of Miss Caroline Ayers. 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Grosvenor P. 
Ayers. to Mr. Denis Searles took place on 
Wednesday evening at nine o'clock at the 
residence of the bride's parents. 2127 Cali- 
fornia Street. The ceremony was per- 
formed by Rev. Dr. Clampett. Miss May 
Ayers. the bride's sister, served as brides- 
maid. Mr. Frank King was the best man. 
and Mr. Hubert Mee and Mr. Isaac Upham 
acted as ushers. After the ceremony a wed- 
ding supper was served, at which, in addi- 
tion to the bridal party, those at table were 
Miss Mary Ayers. Miss Ruth Merrill. Miss 
Genevieve King. Miss Edith Simpson. Mrs. 
Muscoe Garnett. Miss Edna Dickens. Miss 
Lucie King. Miss Wanda Brastow, Mrs. Silas 
Palmer. Mr. Silas Palmer. Mr. Muscoe Gar- 
nett. Mr. Charles Merrill. Mr. Roy Pike. Mr. 
Joseph King. Mr. Hubert Mee. Mr. Frank 
King, and Mr. Isaac Upham. 

Notes and Gossip. 

The engagement is announced of Miss 
Anna May Burdge. ward of Mr. and Mrs. F. 
M. Smith, of Oakland, and Mr. Bernard 
Pacheco Miller, of Oakland. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Ade- 
line Smith, daughter of Mrs. J. A. Smith, to 
Mr. John A. Percy. The wedding will take 
place about the middle of February- 

The wedding of Miss Mabel ClurT. daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. William Cluff, to Mr. 
John Wilson will take place on the evening 
of February 10th at the Palace. Hotel. Mrs. 
J. D. Spreckels. Jr.. is to be the matron of 
honor, and Miss Helen de Young, Miss Con- 
stance de Young, Miss California Cluff, and 
Miss Pearl Landers will be bridesmaids. Mr. 
Richard Hotaling will be the best man. 

The wedding of Miss Bernie Drown, daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Albert X. Drown, to 
Mr. Samuel Boardman will take place on 
January 31s:. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Crocker have issued 
invitations for the marriage of their daugh- 
ter. Miss Emma Wallace Rutherford, to Mr. 
Philip Kearny, on Saturday afternoon. Janu- 
ary j.^d, at four o'clock, at St. Thomas's 
Church. New York .City. After the wedding 
ceremony a reception will take place at the 
Fifth Avenue home of Mr. anil Mrs. Crocker. 
The wedding journey will he in Europe. 

Mrs. Grayson I tutton gave a luncheon on 
Monday at her residence. 8.24 Sutter Street, 
at which she entertained Mrs. Gerrit Livings- 
ton 'Lansing, Mrs. Thomas Benton Darragh. 
Mrs. William Lindsay Spencer. Mrs. Charles 
Kindelberger. Mi>s Genevieve Huntsman 
Miss Etelk.i Williar. Miss Elizabeth Cole, 
Miss Agnes Buchanan. Miss Gertrude Dut- 
ton. Miss Edna Middle-ton, and Miss Maylita 

Mr. James I). Chelan gave a dinner at the 
Bohemian Club mi Tuesday evening in honor 
of his niece. Miss Alice Sullivan. Others at 
table were Miss Mollie Phelan, Miss Helen 
Bailey. Miss Helen Bowie, Miss Florence 
Gibbons, Miss Margaret Mee. Miss Helen 

Pettigrew, Miss Watkins, Miss Jennie Blair, 

Miss 1 iertrudc Joliffe, Miss Floreno 

laghan, Mis- Elsie Tallant, Miss Linda Cad- 

r. Miss Ruth McNutt, Miss Virginia 

Miss 1 >ean, Miss Mulen, Miss Ada 

Sullivan. Mrs. Eleanor Martin. Mr. and Mrs. 

The Old Reliable 





c ia no substitute 

William G. Irwin. Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph 
Spreckels. Mr. and Mrs. Walter S. Martin. 
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick W. McXear. Mrs. 1. 
Malcolm Henry, Mrs. H. McL. Martin. Mr. 
and Mrs. Robert Oxnard. Mr. and Mrs. 
Horace Blanchard Chase. Mr. and Mrs. 
Francis J. Sullivan. Mr. and Mrs. Dixwell 
Hewitt. Mr. J. H. Mee, Mr. Prescott Scott. 
Mr. E. M. Greenway. Mr. Enrique Grau, Mr. 
K. McK. Duperu. Mr. Harry Oelrichs. Mr. 
Joseph S. Tobin. Dr. E. Zeile, Mr. S. G. 
Murphy. Mr. J. Downey Harvey, Mr. Philip 
Paschal, Mr. Clarence G. Follis. Mr. Sydney 
Salisbury, Mr. John Zeile. Mr. Cyril Tobin. 
Mr. E. W. Howard. Mr. Archibald Harrison. 
Mr. Gouverncur Morris. Mr. J. C. McKins- 
try. Mr. Thomas Driscoll. and Lieutenant 
Joseph Y. Kuznik. U. S. A. 

An informal tea was given by Mrs. Eleanor 
Martin at her residence. 2040 Broadway, last 
Sunday afternoon. The guests were the 
Baron and Baroness von Horst. Mr. Edward 
M. Greenway. Lieutenant Fuchs, Mr. Philip 
Paschal, Miss Gertrude Joliffe. and Miss Vir- 
ginia Joliffe. 

A reception, their first for the season, was 
held by Mrs. Horace Davis and Mrs. Fred- 
erick Randolph King at the residence of Mrs. 
Horace Davis, 1800 Broadway, on Tuesday, 
in honor of Mrs. Xorris King Davis. Those 
who assisted in receiving were Mrs. E. B. 
Pond, Mrs. James Otis. Mrs. A. B. Ford. 
Mrs. A. L. Whitney. Mrs. Charles E. Green, 
Mrs. George Shreve, Mrs. B. F. Xorris. Mrs. 
Willis Davis, Mrs. Horace Hill. Mrs. Ira 
Pierce, Mrs. Bradford Leavitt. Mrs. James 
Hogg, Mrs. Earle E. Brownell. Miss Beaver 
Miss Ella Morgan, Miss Genevieve King 
Miss Lina Cadwallader. Miss Ruth Mc- 
Nutt, Miss Mary Josselyn. and Miss Helen 

Mr. and Mrs. F. M. Smith received at 
" Arbor Villa," Piedmont, on New Year's 
Day. Those who assisted in receiving were 
Miss Marion Smith. Miss Grace Sperry. 
Miss Mae Burdge, Miss Winifred Burdge. 
Miss Evelyn Ellis, Miss Florence Xightin- 
gale. Miss May Coogan, Miss Florence White, 
Miss Jacqueline Moore, Miss Carolyn, and 
Miss Anita Oliver. 

Mrs. George Boardman held her first " at 
home " on Tuesday at her Franklin Street 
residence. Miss Bernie Drown being the guest 
of honor. She was assisted in receiving by 
Mrs. Chauncey Boardman, Mrs. T. Danforth 
Boardman, Mrs. A. D. Keyes, Mrs. . James 
Otis, Miss Stella Salisbury, Miss Ethel 
Cooper, Miss Stella Kane, Miss Ethel Tomp- 
kins. Miss Sallie Maynard, Mrs. John W. 
Carey, Mrs. Guy Eddie, Mrs. Henry W. 
Poett, and Miss Newell Drown. 

Mrs. Josephine Xorris de Greayer gave a 
luncheon at the University Club on Saturday 
last in honor of Mrs. MacLean Martin and 
Mrs. D. D. Colton. who expect to leave soon 
for Santa Barbara. 

Mrs. Ferdinand Stephenson gave a tea at 
her Steiner Street residence on Thursday 
afternoon in honor of Miss Bernie Drown. 
Those who assisted in receiving were Mrs. 
Robert Lee Stephenson, Miss Xewell Drown- 
Miss Drown. Miss Lucie King. Miss Ethel 
Cooper, Miss Margaret Sinclair. Miss Ger- 
trude Van Wyck, and Miss Stella Kane. 

Miss Mollie Phelan gave a dinner at her 
Valencia Street residence on Friday even- 
ing. January' 1st. Covers were laid for a 
dozen guests. 

Mrs. George Gibbs received a large number 
of friends last Saturday at her residence. 
2622 Jackson Street, in honor of Mrs. T. S. 
Kane and Miss Stella Kane. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Whittell and Miss 
Whittell have sent out invitations for a 
dance to be given at their residence, 115s 
California Street, on Tuesday evening. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank P. Deering will re- 
ceive on Saturday. January' 16th, from four 
to seven, at their residence on Larkin Street. 

Miss Maye Colburn gave a tea on Tuesday 
at her residence. 1117 Hyde Street, in honor 
of Mrs. Henry Macfarlane. 

Mrs. William Henry Smith and Miss Smith, 
of 1 1 16 Pine Street, have sent out cards for 
the afternoon of January 2jd, from four to 

Mrs. Austin Sperry will give a large tea <>:i 
Saturday. January 161I1. at her Pacific Ave- 
nue residence, in honor of her daughter-in- 
law. Mrs. Austin Sperry, Jr. Those receiving 
with Mrs. Sperry will be Mrs. Austin Sperry. 
Jr., Mrs. Horace Sperry. Miss Mary Sperry, 
Miss Beila Sperry. Mrs, A. S. Simpson. Miss 
Simpson. Mrs. Andrew Simpson, and Miss 
Simpson, of Stockton, Mrs. John F. Swift. 
Mrs. John Flournoy. Mrs. Lloyd Baldwin, 
Mrs. George Oulton, Miss Buckingham, ami 
Miss Grace Baldwin. 

Lieutenant Victor C. Lewis. ['. S, A., will 
give a leap-year tea :ii the Presidio on Sun 
day evening. He will be assisted in 

ing by Lieutenant C. E, Brtgham, I '. S. A., 

and Lieutenant J. C. Nicholls, LT. S. V 

Mrs. William Lindsey Spencer will give a 
tea on January 15th in honor of Mrs. Harrj 


Mrs. Christ i an Reis will give a luncheon 

on Thursday at her residence, 825 California 

Street, in honor of Mrs. Harry Macfarlane. 

Walter Damrosch is now conducting sym- 
phony concerts in Carnegie Hall. Philadel- 

Wills and Successions. 

John M. Bradbury, executor of the estate 
of his mother, the late Mrs. Simona Brad- 
bury, kas filed in Los Angeles his final ac- 
count and petition for distribution. The 
property, valued at six hundred and fifty thou- 
sand dollars, is to be divided in equal shares 
between the sons and daughters — Simona 
Bradbury, Rosario Winston, Minerva Polk. 
Louisa Bradbury', and John and Lewis 
Bradbury — and includes the Bradbury Block 
the Tajo Block, and other real estate situated 
in Los Angeles. Alameda. San Luis Obispo, 
San Francisco, and San Diego Counties. 
There are also other holdings in Texas and 

Mrs. Clunie. widow of ex-Congressman 
Thomas J. Clunie. is opposing the petition 
of Andrew J. Clunie. brother of the deceased, 
for a distribution of the estate. Realty 
worth about two hundred thousand dollars, 
and located at Sacramento, was bequeathed 
to Mrs. Clunie. She claims that the property, 
which is worth one million dollars, was com- 
munity property, of which she is entitled to 
one-half. A claim against the same estate 
has been made by the X T avarro Investment 
Company for forty-two shares of stock in 
the Pacific Coast Redwood Company, alleg- 
ing that the stock, though appraised as part 
of the Clunie estate, was simply held in trust 
for them by Clunie. 

The estate of Peter J. Tormey, the recently 
deceased drug merchant, was appraised on 
January 5th at $110,950.79. 

Mary Elizabeth McBride's estate was ap- 
praised at $164,851. 01. She left $29,787.51 in 
cash, stocks and bonds worth S64.401.01. and 
realty and other personal property worth 

The will of the late Emma Joseph, who 
left an estate valued at more than one mil- 
lion dollars, was filed lor probate December 
31st. Her entire property, excepting one 
thousand dollars, which she left to Margaret 
Feeney. the family nurse, she bequeathed 
to her four children, to be divided share 
and share alike, among them. Mrs. Joseph 
named her son, Albert Joseph, and her daugh- 
ter, Xellie Joseph, as executor and executrix 
to serve, without bonds. 

A decision in favor of Eva Ingersoll, ad- 
ministratrix of the estate of the late Robert 
G. Ingersoll, has been given by the United 
States Circuit Court. The defendants were 
Joseph Coran and others, and the action 
was to obtain a lien upon their property to 
secure payment for legal services rendered 
them by Mr. Ingersoll in settling the estate 
of Andrew J. Davis, of Butte, Mont. The 
amount involved is about one hundred and 
forty thousand dollars. The decision men- 
tioned does not determine the amount due, 
but limply the matter of lien. 

Two Good Annuals. 

The edition of the Oakland Enquirer for 
January 1st was devoted to Oakland's growth 
and development during the past twelve 
months, and to the city's advantages as a 
home. The issue consisted of thirty-two 
pages, eight of them in colors, and had many 
special articles on the attractions of the bay 
cities. It was well illustrated. 

The Los Angeles Times has issued a no- 
table midwinter number, consisting of eighty 
magazine pages, with an artistic colored 
cover. Matter pertaining to. the attractions 
of the southland forms the principal part of 
the reading matter, and the illustrations are 
many and beautiful. 

William H. Evarts. the comedian, says that 
the modern stage comedian is in a measure 
the descendant of the old stage fool, and that 
stage comedy is changing from action and 
long speeches to suggestion. " The stage 
comedian," Mr. Evarts adds. " is growing fast 
into a human being such as we know him 
in real life. The audience is left to imagine 
something, and, thus played to. waxes into 
its own good graces and laughs over its own 
humor. That is the end, in my opinion, for 
which all stage comedians should strive." 

The chief contest at the Oakland Track on 
Saturday, January 9th. will be the Follans- 
bee handicap for two-year-olds and upward 
at time of closing. The price to start will be 
$60, $in forfeit. $2,000 added, of which $400 
goes t" the second horse and $200 to the 
third. The list of entries is unusually large. 
The weather has been ideal for racing lately, 
and the meetings have been largely attended. 

t irdcrs were received from Washington 

Monday dismissing Daniel S. Richardson, 

general superintendent of the San Francisco 
post office, from his position. Complicity in 
the Postal Device and Improvement Com- 
pany frauds is alleged bj the authorities at 


■nil 1 iv 1 loopcr «\ Co., 74 Market Street. 


Agreeable soap for the 
hands is one tliat dissolves 
quickly, washes quickly, 
rinses quickly, and lt-aves 
the skin soft and comfort- 
able. It is Pears'. 

Wholesome soap is one 
that attacks the dirt but 
not the living skin. It is 

Economical soap is one 
that a touch of cleanses. 
And this is Pears'. 

Established over 100 years. 

Every Bride 

wants a wedding book to keep a record ol h 
wedding. The book given at the leading Xew Yo 
weddings is 

"Cupid's Proverbs" 

It is the finest book made. Prices $3.00 to $20.00. A. 
your bookseller Circular mailed free. Dodge Publis 
ing Company, Xew York. 



S. & G. GUMP CO. 

113 Geary Street 

ENNEN S ?S e m d 


i tS «fflirtirtn« of the «1™. * ' A tittle 

' higher in price, periups, than worthless 
substitutes, bat a retson for it." De- 
lightful after shivmg. Sold everywhere, or 
muled oa receipt of 25i. 

A. Iliiohniun. 

721 Market and 2^ Geary Streets, for Fine jewelry, 

— Swell dressers h.w k i heir Shir i Waists 
made it Kent's, Shirt I culor," 121 Post St.. S. F. 



Phelan Building, Rooms 1, 2, 3 


Tlit; r.reaiest noelora 
in the world recommend 



A Ferruginous Tonic 

A combination of the best Cinchonas, Rich 
Wn.eand Iron as a specific remedy for 

Malarial Fevers, Colds, Anaemia 
and Slow Convalescence. 


January ii, 1904. 




. and Mrs. William Babcock were at Del 
e recently. 

. and Mrs. Harry X. Gray have returned 
a week's visit to Mr. and Mrs. J. 
?r Whitney at their ranch at Rocklin. 
. and Mrs. Peter D. Martin will arrive 
Xew York next week. Their stay will 

. James L. Flood, Dr. Beverly Mac- 
igle, and Major Rathbone have gone to 
Flood's country place in Southern Cali- 

. and Mrs. C. L. Maude ( nee Cather- 
1 arrived from Los Angeles this week. 
■egistered at the Occidental Hotel. 
s. J. C. Stubbs and Miss Helen Stubbs. 
have recently been in Chicago, were at 
roquois Theatre at the time of the dis- 
us fire, but escaped without injury. 
. and Mrs. W. B. Tubbs were among 
ecent visitors to Del Monte, 
s. Boalte and Miss Genevieve Boalte 
returned to Xew York after a visit 
.rs. Jessie Gray Boalte and some inti- 

-. Thomas Magee, Jr.. was in Xew York 

■s. John Malmesbury Wright, who has 
in the East and Europe for nine months 
has returned to San Francisco, and is at 
Dunstan's. Miss Wright will remain 

until summer. 
■s. Kenneth Jackson, wife of Judge 
;on, has returned from Kansas, and is at 
Palace Hotel. 

"S. C. B. Pressley is in Fresno visiting 
lister, Mrs. W. W. Phillips. 
-s. J. R. K. Xuttall was at Del Monte 
lg the week. 

'. Washington Dodge, assessor, returned 
nesday from a visit East, 
r. William H. Crocker spent the holi- 
with his family in Paris. He will soon 
'n to San Francisco. 

r. and Mrs. Mountford S. Wilson have 
Burlingame, and have taken a house on 
lanan Street, - near Broadway, for the 

rs. Kohl and Miss M. E, Kohl, of San 
:o, who have been abroad for some time 
are expected to return to San Francisco 
t the middle of January. 
-. Henry Kugeler and wife are at the 
:1 Richelieu. 

r. and Mrs. A. L. Gump, with their young 
Robert, will go to Santa Barbara early 
•"ebruary to visit Mrs. Gump's parents, 
have taken a cottage there for the sea- 
rs. W. J. Somers, of this city, has re- 
ed from a pleasant three months' visit 
riends in Vermont, Boston, Washington. 
Xew York. 

aiong the week's arrivals at the Hotel Ra- 
were Mr. and Mrs. A. M. McDearmoth, 
Kansas City, Mr. and Mrs. Williamson, 
Liverpool, Mr. John F. Elliot, of New 
i, Mr. Harry Gerdes, of Chicago, Mr. F. 
Young, of Juneau, Mr. H. A. Preston, of 
:land, Mr. Mort Lawton, of Tolo, Mr. W. 
Moore, of Walla Walla, Mrs. Gironard, 
. Chambler and Mrs. J. M. Todd, of 
Angeles, Mr. and Mrs. B. M. Gunn, and 
and Mrs. M. Posner. 

Army and Navy News. 
ieutenant-General Samuel B. M. Young, 
S. A., was retired on January" 9th under 
*ation of law. His successor Jn the senior 
le of the army and as chief of staff is 
.eral A. R. Chaffee, and it is expected that 
umber of brigadier-generals will be pro- 
ed to the major-generalcy thus vacated 
' immediately retired. 

eneral Arthur MacArthur, U. S. A., held 
lew Year's reception at Fort Mason, 
ieutenant Fitzgerald S. Turton, Twenty- 
ond Infantry. U. S. A., left last week for 
nila to report to the commanding gen- 
. of the division of the Philippines, 
.ieutenant Edmund Shortlidge, assistant 
geon, U. S. A., has been detailed as a 
nber of the examining board convened at 
Presidio, vice Lieutenant Edward P. 
:khill, retired. 

•lajor William Wood, inspector-general's 
artment, U. S. A., has been transferred 
Governor's Island, N. Y. 
laptain Louis R. Burgess, Artillery Corps, 
S. A., has been appointed adjutant at the 

."olonel Daniel Cornman, U. S. A., has 
■arted for the Philippines to take com- 
nd of the Seventh Infantry. 
:aptain David E. W. Lyle, U. S. A., on 
ng discharged from the Presidio General 
spital Tuesday, left for Hot Springs, 
•c., where he will join his company. 
Colonel Jacob B. Rawles, U. S. A., Mrs. 
wles, and Miss Rawles are residing at 
'6 Bash Street for the winter. 
Mrs. Andrews, wife of Lieutenant Charles 
Andrews, U. S. A., and Miss Edith 
mrici leave for the East on Sunday, en 
ite to Paris, where they will remain for 
'eral months. 

Captain H. G. Colby, U. S. A., who has 
;n acting as purchasing paymaster here, 
s retired after a service of forty years. He 
succeeded by Pay Inspector R. T. M. Kail, 
. S. N. 

Lane Lectures, 1904. 
The twenty-second annual course of Lane 
lectures will be delivered in the auditorium 
of Cooper Medical College, beginning Fri- 
day evening, January 8th, and continuing 
every alternate evening thereafter until ten 
lectures are given. These lectures are free 
and no ticket of admission is required. You 
and your friends are cordially invited to at- 
tend. The programme is as follows : Friday 
evening, January 8th, " Old and Xew Facts 
About Tuberculosis." Dr. William Ophuls ; ' 
Friday evening, January 22d, " Sleep and 
Dreams." Professor Frank Angell. professor 
of psychology, Stanford University ; Friday 
evening, February 5th, ** Popular Mistakes 
About the Care of Children." Dr. William 
Fitch Cheney : Friday evening, February , 
19th, "Water as a Carrier of Disease," Dr.', 
Charles F. Craig, first lieutenant and assist- I 
ant surgeon, U. S. A. ; Friday evening. 
March 4th. " Fermentation," Dr. Walter Gar- ! 
rey ; Friday evening. March iSth, "'The J 
Trained X'urse," Dr. George B. Somers; Fri- 
day evening. April 1st, '"The Alcohol Habit 
From the Alienist's Standpoint." Dr. Dries- 
bach Smith; rriday evening, April 15th. 
" Eye and Eye-Glasses," Dr. A. Barkan ; Fri- 
day evening, April 29th, " Xerves," Dr. Al- 
bert H. Taylor; Friday evening, May 13th, 
" The Relation of Insects to Man," Dr. Frank 
Blaisdell. Lectures begin each evening at 
eight o'clock. 


For the Big Trees. 
A meeting of the California Club, presided 
over by Mrs. George Law Smith, was held 
Tuesday, at which many subjects relating to 
forestry were discussed. A large audience 
gathered on account of the interest aroused 
by the California Club's efforts to save the 
State's famous big trees. Mrs. Emil Pohli 
talked on the " Black Forest of Germany," 
and was followed by Mr. Charles Wesley 
Reed, who spoke on forestry conditions in 
California. Mr. Emil Pohli continued the 
subject, outlining the legislation pertaining 
to it, and drawing attention to the in- 
adequacy of the present laws. 

Frederick W. Barkhaus, a pioneer, died in 
San Francisco Saturday, aged sixty-seven 
years. Mr. Barkhaus was a native of Ger- 
many, and came to California in 1S53. He 
spent several years in mining, and early in 
the 'sixties he opened a book-store at the 
corner of Sacramento and Kearny Streets. 
His place was a literary centre for many 
years. After the widening of Kearny Street, 
Mr. Barkhaus removed his business to its 
present location on that thoroughfare, be- 
tween Sutter and Bush Streets. He made a 
specialty of books printed in his native 
language, and was prominent among the Ger- 
mans here, being a director of the German 
Hospital and of the German Benevolent So- 
iecty. He was also a Mason. A widow, two 
sons, and three daughters survive him. 

Mrs. F. W. Sharon has discontinued the 
legal proceedings she had brought against her 
son, Mr. John Cable Breckenridge, to have 
him declared insane. A letter to Dr. Arnaud 
from Mrs. Sharon requests him to follow 
Mrs. Breckenridge's wishes in regard to the 
latter's husband. Mr. Breckenridge is said 
to be much better mentally, and to have about 
recovered from the injury to his spine, re- 
ceived by jumping from a window to escape 
the surveillance of the doctors. Mrs. Sharon 
has received her daughter-in-law, and her 
grandson, born last September, has been 
christened John Cable Breckenridge. Mr. 
Breckenridge will be brought back to Cali- 
fornia as soon as his health admits. Attorney 
Joseph D. Redding says Mrs. Sharon has 
acted very generously in the premises. 

In clear weather, the view from the top 
of Mt. Tamalpais is one of the most beautiful 
and inspiring in California. The ocean laps 
the foot of the mountain on one side, the bay 
on another, and stretching away on the 
north and east are the fertile valleys and 
snow-capped mountains of the central part 
of the State. The railroad up the mountain 
is the crookedest and most picturesque in the 
world, and the Tavern at the top is a noted 

The park commissioners have decided to 
throw open to automobilists that portion of 
the ocean boulevard from the south drive 
to the beach tavern. Commissioner Reuben 
Lloyd will propose an ordinance granting au- 
tomobiles the use of this road. Speed 
will be limited to six miles an hour along 
the newly conceded portions. These newly 
acquired thoroughfares will add much to 
the pleasure of motoring around San Fran- 

Mining I'd. jr. j 1 i.-„ . 
Mining man just returned from Mexico, and thor- 
oughly familiar with best mining districts there, 
wishes engagement in looking up properties, on the 
basis of salary, expenses, and an interest. Refer- 
ences unqualified. Address " Mining,' Argonaut 

■ m « 

Holiday Suggestions. 

Hat orders. Eugene Korn, Knox agencv, 74O 
Market Street. 

Opinions of the Press. 

Washington Post: 
" Two Argonauts in Spain." by Jerome 
Hart, is the second work of the author; both 
books are reprints of letters first published in 
the San Francisco Argonaut. . . . For light, 
pleasant, and gossipy reading as to the inner 
life of the Spanish people, the book will be 
found of interest, especially to the tourist, 
who is warned that English is not so generally 
spoken on the Continent, and also much good 
advice is given as to food, characteristics, and 
mode of traveling. 

Baltimore American : 
" Two Argonauts in Spain," by Jerome 
Hart, describes a trip through Spain, 
entering it from Southern France by the 
gate of the Pyrenees ; traveling thence through 
the Xorth of Spain by way of Barcelona. 
Saragossa, and Lerida to Madrid ; thence into 
Andalusia by way of Toledo and Cordova; 
then follows an account of a stay at Seville; 
thence the two Argonauts cross Andalusia, 
and make their way over the mountains to 
Granada and the Alhambra. 

San Francisco Ncivs Letter: 
" Two Argonauts in Spain." by Jerome 
Hart. . . . consists of an account of visits 
to the principal Spanish cities, and includes 
" Crossing the Pyrenees," " The Gateway of 
the Sun." " Into Andalusia." " Granada and 
the Alhambra," and " The City of Seville." 
The text is added to by many reproductions 
of photographs. Mr. Hart writes of his 
travels in an easy, flowing style, touched up 
by plenty of satirical humor. The pains as 
well as the joys of European travel are freely 
described. and much space is devoted to con- 
tinental hotels and their queer methods. Al- 
together, it is an interesting volume, though 
not so serious as some might wish, and with 
much space devoted to ephemeral subjects 
that the seeker for information would rather 
see given over to semi-statistical matter. The 
preface warns the reader, though, that it is 
a record of rapid impressions. Published by 
Payot. Upham & Co., San Francisco. 

Santa Cruz Surf: 

To the book-buyers who at this season are 
looking for something Californian and yet 
something of general interest", it is opportune 
to call attention to " Two Argonauts in Spain," 
which is Californian in authoriship and pub- 
lication, and yet treats of a country in which 
interest ought to be universal, and concerning 
which ignorance is well-nigh universal. 

Mr. Hart's letters from Spain were pub- 
lished in the Argonaut, and the Surf made 
many illusions to them and quotations from 
they during the period when they appeared. 
They possess a practical, every-day interest, 
and now in book-form they will compete in 
entertaining qualities with the brightest fiction 
of the season. 

The Spain which is in the mind of the 
majority of Americans is the Spain of ro- 
mantic dons and antique architecture. The 
Spain which Mr. Hart brings to us is the 
real Spain, in which modern inventions and 
ancient customs are clashing and mingling — 
the Spain, in which beggars and labor unions, 
bull-fights and modern newspapers, abound. 
The letters, which appeared weekly in the 
Argonaut, lose none of their vivacity. 

Payot. Upham & Co.. publishers. San Fran- 
cisco ; illustrated. 

Tourist Policies 

Baggage and Personal Property insured against | 
loss by Fire, Collision, Shipwreck, and other causes 
wherever it may be in any part of the world. 

Applications can be obtained at the office or i 
through any Insurance Agent, Broker, or Trans i 
portation Agent. 

Commercial Union Assurance Co. Ltd 

C. F. MULL1NS, Manager, 

All classes of Fire and Marine Insurance business 

The Innovations at the 
Palace Hotel, San Francisco, Cal. 

with difficulty recognize the famous COURT 
into which for twenty-five years carnages 
have been driven. This space of over a 
quarter oi an acre has recently, by the 
addition of very handsome furniture, rugs, 
chandeliers, and tropical plants, been con- 
verted into a lounging room, THE FINEST 

ROOM, furnished in Cerise, with Billiard 
and Pool tables for the ladies — the LOUIS 
ROOM, and numerous other modern im- 
provements, together with unexcelled Cui- 
sine and the most convenient location in the 
City — all add much to the ever increasing 
popularity of this most famous hotel. 





The management of the I lotei Richelieu wishes to 
announce to its friends and patrons that it has pur- 
chased the property of the Hotel Granada, and will 
run the latter on the same plan that has made the 
Richelieu the finest family hotel in San Francisco. 


[jotel ^J$ 


For those who appreciate comfort 
and attention 







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Twenty = four trains daily each 

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R. V. HALTOX, Proprietor. 

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Mackintoshes and Raincoats 

For Men, Women, and Chil- 
dren. Anysize.any quantity. 

Rubber Boots and Shoes 
Rubber and Oiled Clothing 
Rubber and Oiled Goods 


Fishing and Wading Boots, 
Hunting Boots and Coats. 

Goodyear Robber Co. 

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January ii, 1904. 


Train-* leave ami are due lu arrive ac 

<Maln Line, Fwl uf Market Street) 

lbavk — From I'ttio i m i H 1 : "^. I '.' UJ- — arbive 

7.00a VacartUe. Wlutera. Kuoisej 7 55p 

7. 00* Dvnlcla, Bolsun. Khttlra aud Sticrs- 

incDUi 7.25p 

7.30- i. CalUtugn. Sauta 

titan, Hartlne*. San Itainon 6-251* 

7-30* NMea, Llvermore, Tracy, Lathrop. 

Piocfcron / 25p 

8.00* Sb'asta Bspreaa— (Via Uavlai. 
WilllABU i lor B&rUett Siirlugs). 
Willows rPruto, IteU UlutT. 
Portland. Tacoma, Seattle 7.55p 

8-00* Davie. Woodland, [vnlk'lit-- Li Ming. 

Maryevlile. OrovUle 7-55p 

8-30* Port Costa. Martinez. Aultocn, 
Byron. Tracy, Stockton. New- 
man. Los Banos. M e u d o t ft. 
Armona, Haoford V UhI la. 
PorUTVllle 4.25P 

830* Port Co3to, Martinez. Tracy. Lalb- 
rop. Modesto, Merced. Fresno, 
Uosben Janctlon. Han ford. 
Vlsalla Bakersfleld 4.55? 

8-30* Nilea, San .lose. Llvermore. Siocfc- 
ton. (tMiltoQ), lone, Sacramento, 
Placervllle Marysvllle. Chlco, 

Bluff 4-25p 

830* Oakdule. Chinese, .Jamestown. So- 

noni, Tuulumne and Angels 4-25? 

900* Atlamli-Kxrresg— Ogdenand feast. 11-25* 

9-30* Richmond, Martinez and Way 

~L illoQS B-55p 

1000« The Overland Limited — Ogden. 

Denver. Omaha, Chicago. 6.25p 

1000* Vallejn 12-25p 

1000 a Los & meles Passenger — Port 
I -;.:t. Martinez. Byron Tracy. 
Latnrop, Stoction. Merced, 
Raymond. Fresno. Goshin Junc- 
tion. Hartford, Lemoore, Vlsalla, 

Bafcersfleld, Los Angeles 7-25? 

1200* Hrtvward, Nlfcsand Way Stations. 3.25p 
ti.OOP Sacramento RlTer Steamers MI.OOp 

3.30p Bentcla, Winters. Sacramento. 
Woodland, Knights Lauding, 
Marysvllle, Orovllle and way 
stations 10.55a 

3.30p HavwanLNllesandWay Stations.. 755p 

3.30p Port Costa. Martinez. B> ron. 
Tracy, Lathrop. Modesto, 
Merced, Fresno and Way Sta- 
ll., us beyond Port Costa 12 25p 

3.30p Manlnez. Tracy. Stockton. Lodl... 10.25* 

A 00p Martinez. San liitm'-Ti.ValleJo.Napa, 

Calls toga. Santa Rosa 9 25a 

4 -00p SUes. Tracy. Stockton. Lodl 4-2-Sp 

4.30p Hayward. S'lies, irvlngton. San J 18-53* 
Jose. Llvermore J 1 1 1.55a 

B.OOp The Owl Limited — Newm n. Los 
Uanus. alendota, Fresno, Tulare. 
Bakersfield. Los Angeles. 
Gulden State Limited Sleeper. 
'Oakland to Los Angeles, fur Chi- 
cago, via C- R. I &P 8.5S* 

6 .00r Port Costa. Tracy. Stockton 12-2)f* 

IE 30p Hay ward, Xlles and San Jose 7.25a 

G.OOp 1 lay ward. Nllee and San JoBe 9. a 5* 

6-OOp Eastern Express — Ogden. Denver, 
Omaha. St. Louis, Chicago and 
Bast. Port Costa, Itentcla, Sui- 
san. Elmlra, Davis. Sacramento, 
Rock 1 In, Auburn, Colfax, 
Truckee, Boca, Reno. WadB- 
worth. Wlnnemucca 5-25 p 

6.00p Vallejo. dally, except Sunday... I 7 cc« 

7.00p Vallejo. Sunday only f ' oor 

7.00p Richmond. San Pablo. Port Costa. 

Martinez and Way Stations II. 25a 

8.06p Oregon &, California Express— Sac- 
ramento, Marysvllle, Redding, 
Portland, Paget Sound and East. 8.55a 

9.1 Op Hay ward, Nllee and San J.ise(Sun- 
-jayoElyi 11-55* 

COAST LINE Virr.n. (iaue^i. 

i Foot of Marker Street.) 

8-15* Newark, CentervIHe. San Jose. 
Felton. Bonlaer Creek. Santa 

Crnz and Way Stations 5-55p 

t2.15' Newark. Centervllle, San JoBe. 
New Alraaden.Los Gatos.Felton. 
Bonlder Creek, Santa Cruz and 

Principal Way Station* tlO 55* 

4 16p Newark, 8an Jose, LosGatoa and I <8.55 i 

way stations 1 110 55 a 

o930p Hunters Train. Satarday only. San 
Jose and Way Stations. Return- 
Ing from Los Gatos Sunday otiiv. :7 25p 


rrom^AN HCANC1SCO. Fool ul Market St. < Slip Ii 

-t;:15 y:W 11:00 a Jl. 100 3 00 5-15p.m 

from OAKLAND, Koot of Broadway— |6:Ul t3:0>l 

18:0J 1u:0Ua.m. 12-00 200 4-00 p.m. 

COAST LINE (Uroitl Uaage). 

t3r~ (Third umi Townseud Streets.) 

6 10 ■ -;.i, .!'.-c !Ui'l Wav St til Ions. 6 30p 

7 00* Sau lo^e and Way Stations 5 3SP 

8. 00a New Almaden (Tues., Frld.. onlyj. 4.10p 
B00' -Stops only Sao Jose, 

Ollroy (connection for Hoi I Is- 
fcer), Pajaro. Caatrovllle {con- 
nection Ul und from Monterey 
and Pacific Grove), Salinas. San 
Ardo. Paso RoMes. Santa Mar- 
garita. San Luis Obispo, principal 
Stations thence Surf (connection 
for Lomnoc), principal stations 
tbencc Santa Barbara.Siii Uuena- 
rcDtara, Sangus Loi Angeles... 10 45>* 
6.00* San Joae. Tres Plnos. U up) tola, 
Santa Cruz, Pad c Grove, Salinas, 
San Loin oblspo and Principal 

HI uttODJ 4-IOp 

10-30* tfan Jose and Way SuUons 1 20p 

11 20* Santa Clara, San Joae, Lo-> Gatos 

and Way SUHons 7-i0»* 

1 30i sun .lohe und Way Stntlone 8 j6' 

0-OOp D.i Monte Bapress— Santa Clara. 

Jose, Del Uonte, Monterey, 

Pacific Grove (connects at Santa 

- >nta Cruz. Boulder 

I reek and Narrow Osage Points) 

st Gtlroy for Bolllsier, 1 r-- 

Pino*, at Caatrrivllle for Salinas. 12. fit* 

3-30v TresP snger 104'ja 

4 30i- -«n J ■ i ii- + 8-00a 

• 5 00 "'"i Jote. via Satila Clarai I. oh 
(.a ton, and Principal Way Sta 

layl '9 00* 

(. lLi tan. lose and Principal Way Station* ',9 40* 
6-L0» Bedwo d. San 

Paso Routes, 
Ban i. ni* Obispo, Santa Barbara, 
Lot Angeles, Homing. Bl Paso, 
N<-w Orleans, New Fork, Cou- 
nt Pajsro for Santa Crui 
t.n'i nt Caatrovllle for I'aclflc 

e and Way BtaUoni 7 10* 

r6 it - I.BelmoiikSaa 

Carlos, Redwood, Fair Oaka. 

MenloPark. Palo Alt.. '6. 4Sa 

6-1 Way Btatiooi 6 38* 

8-00p Palo AM- on! Way Station- IJ.ISa 

11 50' tnolaco, Ulllbrae, Bur 

U I ■ ■■■- nt. 

Mcnlo Park, and Palo Alio 9 45»- 

"M 30p Mayflild. Mniititaln View. Bonny 
ii ni CUra and 

Bap Jo*<-... .... 19 45p 

A for m P for Afternoon 

S aoda| ex. t sunda> only 

'i Saturda} only. 

i- at all »tatlon« on Sunday. 
tr Only traloi ■ topping »t Valencia Si.«ouib'»ound 
UN. ,7 :06a.m., l!:3UA.«..8:30P.M.,ii:3OP.«.aud 

8:tf>iMi. ___^ 

Ibf UN'.OM TltANsi-Klt COllll'ANS 
- ill call lor a id chc. k baggage from botMl and real 
.cDco »change>t3. Inr|ulrcor Ticket 

*Kr! (Strdsaild otn^ r 'I'o'mailoo 

iiliDrn^ ZACUALPA 

nl^r^ WW Rubber PUolotlon 
J lV VJ L* i\ Company 

x 713Marketbt.,S V. 


Maybell — " Can you keep a secret?" Eliza- 
beth — " Yes. easily. But I can't help any one 
else keep one." — Ex. 

"Say, pa. what's ' multum in parvo''" 
" Those three dumplings you have just eaten." 
— Ch icago Record-Herald. 

IV inkle — " I have been over in England 
visiting the nobility." Van Antler — " \\ hat 
did you think of our American girls?" — Ex, 

There is more joy in church over one mil- 
lionaire that repenteth than over ninety and 
nine poor persons that need no repentance. 

Worth the sacrifice: Staylate — "May I 
have a kiss before I go?" Miss Weary — 
"If. I give you one will you really go?" — 

In Chicago union hack-drivers are boycot- 
ting funerals. But in time the funeral will 
turn the laugh on them. — Santa Maria 

Sunday-school teacher — " We should never 
do in private what we would not do in pub- 
lic." U enfant terrible — " How 'bout taking 
a bath?" — Princeton Tiger. 

The smart man : " De really smaht man," 
said Uncle Eben, '* is de one dat has sense 
enough to know dat he's liable to be fooled 
de same as anybody else." — Washington Star. 

She — " You've heard of people whose hair 
turned white in a single night?" The maid — 
"Yes, miss; but that isn't the color it gen- 
erally turns when it happens as quickly as 
that!"— £.r. 

Tom — " Your uncle asked after your health 
several times ; displayed quite a tender 

solicitude ; in fact " Dick — " Yes, his 

solicitude is tender, but, unfortunately, not 
legal tender." — Ex. 

" Didn't you think I made some rather 
cutting remarks in my speech at the club 
banquet last night?" "You did, old fellow. 
I noticed them. You split infinitives right 
along." — Chicago Tribune. 

Xapoleon was being taken to the island.' 
" I suppose," he said, bitterly, " that history 
will now say I deserted Josephine for the 
Black Maria." Herewith it was plain to see 
the critics had made him touchy. — Ex. 

" Now this won't do, you know." " What 
won't?" "This line: 'Her eyes were like 
stars.'" "Why not?" "Why, poets have 
been using that for ages. Be up to date! 
Say * Like radium.' " — Detroit Free Press. 

Cheepley — " Say, old man, this is pretty 
good stuff." Gestley ^proud of his wine- 
cellar — " Well, rather, that wine is at least 
fifty years old." Cheepley — "Gee whizz! It 
must have been great when it was fresh." — 

The parson — " Dis am mos* pos'tively de 
iuos' 'streemly juiciest chicking I eber put in 
mah mouth, Brer Jackson." Brer Jackson — 
" Yes, sah, pahson ; dat chicking wuz raised 
an' brung up on watermilHons, sah." — Leslie's 

Fond parent Ho young hopeful) — "Unless 
you keep your face and hands clean, your 
teeth brushed, and look neat, the children of 
nice people won't have anything to do with 
you — they won't play with you." Young 
hopeful — " I bet if I had a goat and a wagon 
they would." — Judge. 

The signs failed : Going into a tavern, 
two thirsty souls were greatly disconcerted 
to see in every room the sign " No liquor 
to be sold or drunk on these premises." " It's 
a great comfort to know that all sings fail 
in a dry time." was the comment of one of 
them, an optimist. — Ex. 

Innocent A. Broad — " Mother, the ' Scar- 
let Varlet ' must be a fine show. It broke 
the records for attendance in New York, so 
we ought to go see it." Mrs. Broad — 
" Daughter, such successful shows can not 
be such that a young girl ought to see." — 
Pennsylvania Punch Bowl. 

An isthmus: Barnes — "Howes and I have 
been arguing about the meaning of the word 
isthmus.' He says it means a neck of land 
separating two bodies of water, and I hold 
that it is a strip of land connecting two con- 
tinents. Now. what do you say?" Shedd 
— " I say that neither of you is right. An 
isthmus is a thing that connects conspiracies 
and revolutions and separates governments." 
— Boston Transcript. 

California Northwestern Railway Co. 



Tiburon Kerry, Foot of Market St. 

San Francisco to San Kafael. 

WEEK DAYS— 7.30, 9.00, 11.00 a m ; 12.35, 3-3<>. 5-»°, 
6.30 pm. Thursdays— Extra trip at 11.30pm. 
Saturdays - Extra trip at 1.50 and 11.30 p m. 

SUNDAYS-S.00, 9.30, 11.00 am; 1.30, 3.30, 5.00, 6.20, 
'1.30 p m. 

San Rafael to San Francisco. 

WEEK DAYS— 6.05, 7.35. 7.50, 9.20. 11.15 a m; 12. 50; 

3.40. 5.00. 5.20 p m. Saturdays^ — Extra trip at 2.05 

and 6.35 p m. 
SUNDAYS — 8.00, 9.40, 11.15am; 1.40, 3.40, 4.55, 5.05, 

6.25 p m. 

San Francisco. 



7.30 a m 8.00 a m 

9.30 a m 

3.30 p m 3.30 p m 

5.10 pm 5 oopm 

7.30 a m 

S.ooa m 
3.30 p m 9-30 a m 
5.10 pm 3.30 pm 
^ 5.00 p m 

7-30 a m 

S 00 a m 
3-3° P m 3.30 P m 

7.30 a m 8.00 a m 
3.30 p m 3.30 p m 

7.30 a m S.00 a m 
3.30 a m 3.30 p m 

In Effect 
Sept. 27, 1903. 

San Francisco. 






Santa Rosa. 

9.10 a m 
10.40 a m 
6.05 p m 
7-35 P m 

9.10 a m 
10.40 a m 
6.05 p m 
7-35 P m 

10.40 a m 
Fulton. 7.35 p m 






and Ukiah. 

7.30 a m S.00 a in' 

7.30 a m S.00 a m 
3.30 p m 3-3° P m 

7.30 a m S.00 a m 
5.10 pm 5-o° P m 

J 7-35 
.) 7-35 



Sonoma and 
Glen Ellen. 


7 30 a m j S.00 a m Se bastopo1. IO -4° a m i"- 20 a ra 
3.30 p m| 3.30 p m 7-35 P na 6.20 p m 


S.40 a m 
10.20 a m 
6.20 p m 

S.40 a m 
10.20 a m 
6.20 p m 

10,20 a m 
6.20 p m 

10.20 a m 
6,20 p m 

10.20 a m 
6.20 p m 

6.20 p m 
10,20 a m 
6.20 p m 

S.40 a m 
6.20 p m 

Stages connect at Green Brae lor San Quentin; at 
Santa Rosa for White Sulphur Springs; at Fulton 
for Altruria and Mark West Springs; at Lytton for 
Lytton Springs; at Geyserville for Skaggs Springs; 
at Cloverdale for the Geysers, Booneville. and 
Greenwood ; at Hopland for Duncan Springs, 
Highland' Springs, Kelseyville. Carlsbad Springs, 
Soda Bay, Lakeport, and Bartlett Springs; at 
Ukiah tor Vichy Springs. Saratoga Springs. Blue 
Lakes^ Laurel Dell Lake. Witter Springs, Upper Lake, 
Pomo. Potter Vallev, John Dav's. Riverside. Lierlev's, 
BucknelPs, Sanhedrin Heights. Hullville. Orr's Hot 
Springs, Half-Way House, Comptche, Camp Stevens, 
Hopkins. Mendocino City, Fort Bragg. West port 
Usal ; at Willits for Fort Bragg. West port. Sherwood, 
Cahto. Covelo. Laytonville. Cummings, Bell's Springs. 
Harris. Olsen's, Dyer, Garberville, Pepperwood, Scotia, 
and Eureka. 

Saturday to Sunday round-trip tickets at reduced 

Ou Sunday round-trip tickets to all points beyond 
San Rafael at half rates. 

Ticket office, 630 Market Street, Chronicle Building. 


Gen. Manager. Gen. Pass. Agl. 

Via Sausalito Fern-. 
Suburban Service, Standard Gauge 
Electric — Depart from San Francisco 
Daili — 7.00, S.00, 900. 10.00, 11.00 a. M., 
12.20, 1.45, 3-15- 4-15- 5-15. 6.15. 7-oo, S_45, 10.20, 
11.45 P- M. 

—Daily— 5.25, 6.35, 7.40, S.35, 9-35. "-°5, a. m., 12.20, 
1-45, 2-55, 3-45. 4-45. 5-45, 6.45. S.45, 10.20 P. m. 

-Daily— 5-45. 6 -55. 7-5 2 . S.55. 9-55. >*-2o a. m., 12.35, 
2-00, 3.15, 4.05, 505, 6.05, 7.05, 9.00, 10.35 p. M. 
S.00 a. M. week days— Cazadero and way stations. 
5.15 P. M. week days (Saturdays excepted) — To- 
males and way stations. 
3.15 p. H. Saturdavs^ — Cazadero and way stations. 
Sundays only— 10.00 a- m„ Point Reyes and way 
Ticket Offices— 626 Market Street 
Ferry — Union Depot, foot of Market Street. 


Via Sausalito Ferry, foot of Market Street. 

Leave San Francisco, week days, *io.oo a. m.,*I-45 
p. m., 5.15 p. M. Sundays, *S.oo a. m., 9.00 a. m., 10.00 
a. m., 11.00 a. m., *i-45 p- M., 3.15 P. M. 

Arrive San Francisco, Sundays, 12.05 p. m.. 1.25 p. m., 
2.=jo p. M-, 4.50 p. M., 5.50 p. M.; 7-50 P- xi- Week days, 
10.40 a. M-, 2.50 p. m., 5.50 p. M-, 9.50 p. m. 

•Connect with stage lor Dipsea and Willow Camp. 

Ticket offices— 626 Market Street (North Shore Rai'- 
road), and Sausalito Ferrv, foot Market Street. 


ARTHUR CASSOT, Proprietor 


Cor. Sth Ave. end 1 4th St., New York 

Will supply you with all personal reference and 
clippings 011 any subject from all the papers and 
periodicals published here and abroad. Our large 
staff of readers can gather for you more valuable 
material mi any current subject than you can get in 
a lifetime. 


Tppuc } 100 clippings. 55.00; 250 clippings, $12.00; 
[ 500 clippings, $20.00; 1,000 clippings, $35.00 

— Stwdman's Soothing Powders mcoessfullj used 

for children, during the teething period I in r fifi) 


" An ounce of tobacco, please.'* 
sort?"' •'Doesn't matter; it's for 
gentleman." — Sketch. 


1 til ind 

-Dr. !■.. O. Cochrane, Dentist, removed 
to No, 135 Geary Street, Spring Valley Building. 

Mothers be sure ash use " Mrs. 
Soothing Syrup" for youi children ivhili 




in newspapers! 


Call on or Write 



Sansome Street 


Santa Fe 



Trains leave Union Ferry Depot, San Fran- 
cisco, as follows : 

*** ** Stockton io.4o>a m, Fresno 2.40 p m, 
Bakersfield 7.05 p m. Stops at all points 
in San Joaquin Valley. Corresponding 
train arrives S.55 a m - 

ITED " : Due Stockton 12 01 p m. r resno 
3.10 p m. Bakersfield 5.50 p m. Kansas 
City (third day) 2.35 a m. Chicago (third 
day) 2.15 p m. Palace sleepers and 
dining - car through to Chicago. No 
second-class tickets honored on this train. 
Corresponding train arrives *io.50 pm. 

J§ f)f} PM— *STOCKTON LOCAL: Due Stock- 
^^*"" ton 7.10pm. Corresponding train arrives 



Stockton 11. 15 p ni, Fresno 3.15 a m, 
Bakersfield 7.35 a m, Kansas City (fourth 
day) 7.00 a m, Chicago (fourth day) 8.47 
p m. Palace and Tourist sleepers and free 
reclining-chair cars through to Chicago, 
also Palace sleeper which cuts au.t at 
Fresno. Corresponding train arrives at 
6.35 p m. 

* Daily. 

Personally conducted parties for Kansas City, Cl<=- 
cago, and East leave on Overland Express Mondaj 
Thursday, and Saturday at 8 p in. 

TICKET OFFICES at 641 Market Street and m 
Ferry Depot. San Francisco; and 1112 Broadway, 



Through sleepers daily San Francisco to St. 
Louis, via Rio Grande Scenic Route and Missouri 
Pacific Railway. The best dining-car service, new 

For sleeping - car reservation and full informa- 
tion apply to 


625 rtarket Street, S. F. 

Under Palace Hotel. 

The Tribune 

is the ONE Oakland daily consid- 
ered by general advertisers. 


covers the field so thoroughly that it is 
not necessary to use any other paper. 










anT^inl.: 401=403 Sansome St. 


Free Trial 




by the 


A Trial Treatment 
FREE lo Any One 
Afflicted wltb Hak 
on Face. Neck or 

We have at last made the discovery which has baffled 
chemists and all others for centuries— that of absolutely 
destroying superfluous hair, ro>-.t anJ branch, entirely anJ 
permanently, whether it be a mustache or growth on the 
neclt, checks or arms, and that. too. \* ithout unpairing In 
any way the finest or most sensitive skin. 

The Misses Bell have thoroughly tested ks effi acy and 
nrc deskousthat the full merits of their neaimciit.towhi.-h 
f icy have clvcn the dcscrii live name of "HILL-ALL- 
L |.tlR," shall be kn L .»Q to all afflicted. To this cnJ a 
ui,il wUl be sent, free of chargrs. l«~ ar.y lady who wiH 
v> rite for it, and say she saw the oiler in this paper. With- 
out a cent of cost you can see for yourselves what the dis- 
coveryis; the evidence of your o- n senses will trim coi 
vince you that the treatment, * ' K I LL-ALL-D 1 1 It . 
will rid you of one of the pretest drawbao s toperf^t 
loveliness, the growth of superfluous hair on the fctce v r 
neck of women. 

Please unrl. rsiand that a pervemid d-monstratlon rf our 
treatment costs you n lliln?. A th il be scn'you free, 
which you can use yourself an^ our claims by send- 
'og two Iwo-ccnt stamj-s fur mailing 


78 and BO Fifth Avonuc, Mew Yarh 


■Sau Francisco, Cal. 



Vol. LIV. No. 1401. 

San Francisco, January 18, 1904. 

Price Ten Cents 

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.— TIu Argonaut (title trade-marked) is pub- 
lished every -week at No. 340 Sutter Street, by the A rgonaut Publishing Com- 
pany. Subscriptions, $4.00 per year ; sir months, $2.25 ; three months, $/ .30 ; 
payable in advance— postage prepaid. Subscriptions to all foreign countries 
within t/ie Postal Union, S3.00 per year. Sample copies, free. Single copies, /O 
cents. News Dealers and Agents in the interior supplied by the San Francisco 
News Company, 342 Geary Street, above Powell, to whom all orders from 
the trade sliould be addressed. Subscribers wishing their addresses changed 
should give their old as well as new addresses. Tlte A merican News Company, 
New York, are agents for the Eastern trade. The A rgonaut may be ordered 
from any News Dealer or Postmaster in the United States or Europe. No 
traveling canvassers employed. Special advertising rates to publishers. 

Special Eastern Representative- E. Kat: Advertising Agency, 230-334 
Temple Court, New York City, and 317-3'S U. S. Express Building, 
Chicago, III, 

Address all communications intended for the Editorial Department thus: 
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Address all communications intended for the Business Department thus: 
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Make all checks, drafts, postal orders, etc., payable to " Tlte Argonaut 
Publishing Company." 

TJie Argonaut can be obtained in Loudon at The International News Co., 
5" Breams Buildings, Cfiancery Lane; American Newspaper and Advertising 
Agency, Trafalgar Buildings, Northumberland Avenue. In Paris, at 3j 
Avenue de TOp/ra. In New York, at Brentano's, 31 Union Square, in 
Chicago, at soh Wabash Avenue. In Washington, at 1013 Pennsylvania 
Avenue. Telephone Number, James 2331, 



Editorhl: The Outlook for Republican Success — Hanna, Taft, 
and Roosevelt — Leading Political Factors — The Panama 
Affair — Democratic Plans — The New York Situation — 
Hanna's Strength and Weakness — What of the Democratic 
Opposition? — Far From a Condition of Harmony — The Tide 
Sets CI evel an dward— Hearst a Possibility — Piatt's Warning 
— Can Heath Hang On? — Charges Against Him — Severe 
Arraignment Indorsed by Roosevelt — A Nice Point of 
Etiquette — Is Roosevelt Carrying a Big Stick? — Who Will 
Be Under It? — ilr. Bryan Returns Unseduced — Ten 
Capitals and Part of Sweden — Saw the Czar, Missed the 
Emperor — At An English Dinner — British Comments — 
His Journeys Will Become Classic 33~35 

Communications: The Situation in the Far East as Seen 

by an Eye- Witness, sly R. L. Fulton 35 

Individualities: Notes About Prominent People All Over the 

World 35 

The Rule of the Road: What the Dial To'd. By John Flem- 
ing Wilson 36 

Old Favorites: "To a Waterfowl," by William Cullen Bryant; 
"The Chambered Nautilus," by Oliver Wendell Holmes; 
"Captain! My Captain!" by Walt Whitman 36 

With New York Player-Folk: Features of the Gotham 
Holiday Season— Unsuccessful Plays — Notable New Actors 
— A Deliciously Improper French Farce — An Actress With 
Many Lovers. By Geraldine Bonner 37 

The First Vigilance Committee: From the Annals of Alta 

California. By Katherine Chandler 37 

A Corner of the Czar's Domain: Russian Table Manners — 
Tooth-Brush an Object of Amusement — Being Shaved by a 
Murderer — Boiled Fish-Eyes for Breakfast 3S 

The Books Californians Like Best: Local Authors and Rep- 
resentative Men Name Books, Read in 1003, that Gave 
Them Most Pleasure 39 

Melody Yet In Patti's Voice: Large Audiences Greet Her — 

Pictures of Her Libelous — Her Coquettish Exits 39 

Literary Notes: Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip — New 

Publications 40-41 

Drama: Mrs. Langtry in "Mrs. Deering's Divorce" — Alberta 

Gallatin in "Ghosts." By Josephine Hart Phelps 42 

Stage Gossip 43 

Vanity Fair: Heredity in the Army and Navy — Woman Again 
" Denounced "—New York's Beauty Show — The Female 
Lawyer — Women in " Who's Who " — Queen Draga's Ward- 
robe Sold — Polygamy East and West — Queen Alexandra a 
Connoisseur on Lace 44 

Storyettes: Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise — 
President Harrison Stumped — Irving Doubted Nat Good- 
win's Veracity — A Professed Conqueror — John Swinton's 
Answer to Dana — " Whu Was Nero?" — Judge Burr's Apt 
Query — A Much-Credited Sentiment — Spencer's Hatred of 
Dishonesty — An Idiot Either Way — Smoot and the Veg- 
etarian — Coudert's Sharp Retort — Dougald Stewart's Mem- 
ory 45 

Jokes from the French Papers 45 

The Tuneful Liar: "The Sad Story of Gentle Jane," by 
Carolyn Wells; "Willie est Mort, Vive Willie"; "Patti's 
Farewell," by Ernest M. Plummer 45 

Society; Movements and Whereabouts — Notes and Gossip — 

Army and Navy News 46-47 

The Alleged Humorists: Paragraphs Ground Out by the Dis- 
mal Wits of the Day 48 

The Republican national convention is only five months 
Thb Outloo away. Political committees are meeting. 

for republican Clubs are organizing. Everywhere the 
political pulse is quickening. Will 
Hanna enter the race? Is Taft a possibility? Or 
will Roosevelt be nominated? Will he be nominated 
unanimously? All these questions are being asked 

afresh. It seems a timely moment to survey the situa- 

The political factor that looms largest just now is 
the Panama question. But already the course to which 
Senator Gorman has endeavored to commit his parry- 
is seen to be impossible. His attempt to rally the 
Democratic senators to his standard has failed. Gor- 
man is to-day a discredited leader. The New Orleans 
Times-Democrat, for example, remarks that the 
strength Gorman had in the South " has been com- 
pletely dissipated by his attitude of hostility toward the 
Panama Canal." Southern States have instructed 
their senators to vote for the treaty. Southern com- 
mercial bodies have sent petitions. It is clear that 
there is " no thoroughfare " to political success through 
defeating the treaty. This fact John Sharp Williams, 
Democratic leader of the House, saw at the outset. He 
has, by the way, already gained enormous prestige by 
his successful policies in relation to the canal and 
Cuban reciprocity. 

But the Democrats still have a plan in this Panama 
matter which they hope to transmute into an issue. 
It is this: to permit enough senators to vote for the 
treaty to ratify it, but at the same time to show a Demo- 
cratic majority against the treaty, and to go before the 
country with the " issue " that the President's methods 
were " rash," " hasty," " unsafe," " immoral," " illegal," 
and '* utterly bad," however well they may have worked 
to attain the end so much desired by the whole nation. 
Indeed, they will perhaps admit that no serious harm 
was done by the President in this instance, but they 
will say: "What of next time?" "If the President 
violated precedents then, would he not again?" " Will 
he not yet plunge the country into a needless war?" " Is 
he not a menace to the peace of the world?" As 
Harper s Weekly puts it. the only hope of the Demo- 
cratic party is in convincing the country that Roosevelt 
is "unsafe." This is the only issue that yet emerges 
from the Panama affair. 

Aside from the Panama matter, the situation in New 
York excites among politicians the keenest interest. 
At the best, New York is a strangely puzzling State, 
politically. Cleveland carried it by a plurality of 
192,000 in 1882. In 1SS4, his plurality was 1,200. Mc- 
Kinley had 268.000 plurality in 1886. but the next year 
the Democrats carried the State by 60,000. Odell had 
111,000 votes to spare in 1900, but only 8,000 in 1902. 
Now, added to this rlormal tendency to vacillate are 
the facts that Piatt and Odell are really at swords* 
points, though outwardly still friendly ; that McClellan's 
victory indicates a strengthening Democracy; that New 
York is the State most swayed by financial influences; 
that Roosevelt was never really popular there, being 
elected in 189S by less than 18.000 votes, where two 
years before the Republican candidate for governor had 
200.000 pluralitv. General Grosvenor has even admit- 
ted that New York is doubtful. The independent 
Evening Post says "the case is desperate." However 
that may be, it is obvious that from New York come 
all the whispers of some other candidate than Mr. 

But would Hanna be any better? Wall Street would 
like him, and its liking would damn him with the 
people. The campaign chest would overflow, yet more 
than money is needed. The South might help him to 
get the nomination, but could help not at all in his elec- 
tion. Heath, and other grafters whom Hanna views 
with tolerance, would be pleased, but honest men might 
look askance. Many business men would be glad to 
see Hanna nominated, but that he is as strong as 
Roosevelt with labor may be doubted. So far, Hanna 
has refused to announce himself as a candidate, and 
the only two hard facts indicating that he may do 
so are the postponement of the Ohio convention to a 

late date with the obvious intention of taking advan- 
tage of " anything that turns up," and the Hanna senti- 
ment exhibited in the recent Indiana convention. As 
for Taft, whose name has recently been mentioned as 
a possibility, and who is far less vulnerable to attack 
than the Ohio senator — there is yet no convincing evi- 
dence that there is any substantial drift in his direc- 
tion. No Republican of prominence has declared for 
him; no paper is supporting him. In fact, no Repub- 
lican of national prominence has predicted that Roose- 
velt will fail of nomination. That is indeed significant 
Even Senator Piatt declares with peculiar unction that 
" the government under Roosevelt has been strong and 
wise." Thus the nomination of the President is every- 
where conceded — if nothing happens. If something 
does happen, Hanna and Taft and Fairbanks will be 
there to grasp the coveted opportunity. 

But even if the Democrats do succeed in convincing a 
t«« ^ ™r TUt substantial number of voters that Roose- 

\\ HAT OF THb 

Democratic velt is " unsafe," they can still scarcely 

Opposition? expect to win unless they are united and 

have a candidate that will command respect. " Repub- 
lican quarrels alone will not give Xew York to the 
Democrats," remarks the World, and it is as true of 
the country. And the Democrats are yet far from be- 
ing in harmony. Piatt declares that the Democracy is 
infected with socialism, and between conservative and 
radical war is inevitable. It is said that the reason 
Cleveland failed to attend the dinner in Xew York to 
McClellan was because he had no wish to sit at the 
same table with men w r ho in 1892 declared him an 
enemy of the party. To the same dinner, Bryan was 
not invited. Gray, Gorman, and Parker failed to come. 
Olney's laudation of Cleveland has won him the dis- 
favor of Bryan's followers. Gorman, as w r e have said, 
has certainly lost prestige. Hearst is unmistakably a 
factor, though few seem to take him seriously. Strange 
as it may seem, the strong drift Clevelandward con- 
tinues. The party can not forget the old skipper who 
twice sailed the Democratic ship to victory. Xo man 
ever refused a nomination to the Presidency of the 
United States, they say, and Cleveland would be forced 
to accept it, despite his declaration that his " deter- 
mination not to do so is unalterable and conclusive." 

It seems strange to find, in surveying the situation, 
that, although the Democrats yet have no " paramount 
issue," and are as far from agreement on a candidate 
as they were a year ago. more confidence is ex- 
hibited than at any previous time. Senator Piatt says 
that some signs indicate the return of the Democratic 
party to " a sane and dangerous condition." Apart 
from the prospect — or possibility — of hard times, which 
would inevitably work harm to Republican chances of 
victory, the most striking reason adduced for De- 
mocracy's optimism is that set forth by the same 
astute Xew York senator. " It often happens," he 
thinks, " in politics that a political party which has 
had a long lease of power is never so much in danger 
as when nobody has anything in particular to complain 
of, for it is then that many people vote not with regard 
to great political principles, but with regard to trivial 

This is an deep saying, upon which politicians 
may do well to ponder. 

Is the country hankering for a change? 

The Hon. William Jennings Bryan, political explorer. 
Mr mus nas J ust returned to this country, his 

returns family, and the Kansas City platform. 

Unsedl-cso. He has visitedj as he report, 

capitals and a part of Sweden." He has 
dynasties, dipped with diplomats, and aul 
autocrats. He has talked frankly with tli . 



January 18, 1904. 

been a Dutch uncle to the German theorizers, toyed 
with Tolstoy, and drawn out British statesmen in their 
own drawing-rooms. From Killarney and Skibbereen 
to "a part of Sweden" (Milwaukee and St. Paul?) 
the voice of Nebraska has been heard, from Rome to 
St. Petersburg the eve of the Commoner has blessed. 
With his own well-known succinctness he has de- 
scribed his achievements — " ten capitals and a part of 
Sweden" (Wisconsin?). 

What the Apostle of Silver has discovered, what 
hitherto unclassified fauna of imperialism and flora of 
despotism he has found, the world shall doubtless know 
in time through the columns of the Xew York Ameri- 
can. Fancy (not copyright, 1904, by W. R. Hearst) 
prefers to dwell, not on the goodly store of sermons 
brought back from foreign parts for the edification of 
the darklings, but on the incalculable benefits bestowed 
upon the peoples of Europe (and a part of Sweden) 
by the passage of the great missioner. What the White 
Czar has to tell us statistically of Russian educational 
methods is not more interesting than the thought of the 
pale gleam of intelligence wakened for the first time 
in his glassy and despotic eye during the tremendous 
fifteen-minute interview. How inspiring to contem- 
plate the damage done the overweening German Em- 
pire by those domestic festivities that prevented the 
Kaiser from listening on Christmas Day to the per- 
suasive admonitions of the Orator of the Platte ! On 
the other hand, what rejuvenation of fearful patriotism 
in Berlin when the Highborn Wilhelm Jennigs Bryan 
graciously announced, " In my meetings with the citi- 
zens of my country sojourning abroad I have been re- 
lieved of one of my fears I had in 1896. I was afraid 
if I was not elected it might be difficult to find good 
men outside of the Democratic part) - (and a part of 
Sweden?) to represent us abroad, but I have found 
so many good Americans, and Republicans, too, who 
honor their country in diplomatic and consular posi- 
tions, that I will go back relieved of one of my fears." 

The feeble pinion of imagination is supported by the 
breath of rumor. Tales are abroad that the 
British Female, that justly celebrated institution, was 
quite ignored as uninteresting to the Sage of Wahoo, 
and the statements by the aforesaid institution that II r. 
B. "has long, black hair and a rumbling voice"; that, 
" like Mr. Gladstone, he never talks but always ad- 
dresses"; that "Mr. B. is somewhat of a bore," 
may be set down as mere feminine tartness in revenge 
for indifference. These are valuable hints as to how 
Europe was affected, and we can picture the Child of 
the Platte, like the river of his native State, embracing 
in his wanderings a vast deal of country (and a part 
of Sweden), speaking to the effete children of the 
Continent in that language now known far and wide, 
in kindly commemoration of the nativity of the Wizard 
of Lincoln, as Plattetudinous. 

Your true-blue American always rubs his knees when 
rising from the attitude of supplication and adoration. 
It is the token of his enfranchisement, and there will 
he universal delight that Mr. Bryan, after visiting ten 
capitals and a part of Sweden, should, on landing at his 
native custom-house, brusquely proclaim his genuine 
Americanism. He might have bowed the knee before 
royalty, he might have adored the emblems of earthly 
majesty on foreign shores by a gentle bending of the 
limbs, but, after all, his pregnant hinges rested on the 
Kansas City platform. He may for a time have con- 
1 to clothe the limbs of Democracy in the breeches 
of imperialism, held up by the suspender of decorum, 
but on the soil of America he reiterates the doctrines 
of - o6. 

1 Ine can not doubt that the voyages of the Pilgrim 
of the Platte will be handed down to future genera- 
tions as instructive and amusing. In all probability, 
fifty years front now the toe of Nebraskan infancy, in- 
stead of representing a dumb member of the porcine 
family on its way to the Chicago market, will stand for 
one- of the ten capitals visited by the Victim in two 
Presidential races, and childish minds will be deeply 
engaged in locating thai pari of Sweden made his- 
torical by the foot of the Great Commoner. In due 
time there shall be a Bryan tradition, doubly made 
misty by the researches of scholars. The fancy even 
catches a glimpse of that dim season when Bryan 
and Ulysses will travel down the corridors of lime, 
hand in hand, the two great figures in mythology, one 
speaking to a degenerate people of Circe and her isle, 
of the great Polyphemus, and the dragons of Chary bdis; 
the other still harping peacefully on tile Kansas City 
platform, relating bis visit to ten capitals — and a part 
of Sweden. 

Two qr est ions are .icing asked by the loud voice of 

public opinion: Is Secretary Heath, of 

the Republican National Committee, a 

— ahem! peculator? Is it judicious to 

. man of doubtful personal integrity in a high 

in the Republican organization? These blunt 

arc more insistent every day. Democratic 

editors shout them from the housetops. Republican 
journals indignantly echo them. Dan hears them, and 
Beersheba is not ignorant of their import. From inter- 
jections of malignant indefiniteness they are become 
cries of pain, of jubilation, or of heated demand, ac- 
cording to the politics of the voicer. And now that 
Senator Hanna has patted Mr. Heath on the back as a 
good fellow, and Heath, responding to the magnificent 
caress, has stated that he " will let the other fellow 
do the worrying," we think it a timely moment to re- 
view the evidence with an eye upon the two questions 
repeated above. 

When S. W. Tulloch, former cashier of the Wash- 
ington City post-office, laid charges at the door of the 
postal officials, President Roosevelt ordered the door 
opened, accepted the package of incriminations, and 
handed it over to Postmaster-General Payne, with an 
injunction "to probe them to the bottom." This com- 
mand was indorsed on the documents, and they were 
handed to Fourth-Assistant Postmaster-General Bris- 
tow. Mr. Bristow, encouraged by the President, made 
an investigation, which resulted in the indictment of 
many officials, most prominently George W. Beavers 
and A. W. Machen. But the fourth-assistant hinted 
in unmistakable terms that ex-First-Assistant Perry 
Heath was deeply implicated, that his hands were un- 
clean, that he had prostituted his public office for 
private gain. This report the President not only ac- 
cepted, but on the strength of it appointed two well- 
known lawyers a commission " to report on these mat- 
ters from a legal standpoint." This report was made 
public on December 16th. Mr. Conrad and Mr. Bona- 
parte state that Mr. Heath's answer to the charges 
placed against him " we consider altogether insuf- 
ficient and no less unsatisfactory in substance than 
in form . . . that the reasonable inference to be drawn 
from Mr. Heath's complete failure to meet full)' and 
explicitly accusations which, as Postmaster-General 
Payne justly admonished him, charged him with many 
acts of doubtful propriety, added to the facts appear- 
ing from the record evidence laid before us, oblige us 
to say that at least a strong prima-facie case is pre- 
sented of willful and reckless disregard by the late 
first-assistant postmaster-general of obligations im- 
posed on him by the regulations of his own depart- 
ment as well as by the statutes of the United States, 
and we feel it our duty to add that suspicion of his 
personal integrity must be inevitably aroused, in our 
judgment, by an impartial consideration of the facts 
submitted to us and of his plainly inadequate explana- 
tions." Which is very gentle language. But not more 
so than that of the President, who remarks in his 
memorandum, at the head of a list of fourteen chief 
offenders, " The case of ex-First-Assistant Postmaster- 
General Heath, who had left the service over three 
years before this investigation was begun, is set forth 
in the report of Mr. Bristow." As Mr. Bristow was at 
some pains to particularize the sums made by Mr. 
Heath out of queer transactions, this is saying a little 
and carrying a big stick. 

It is apparent that Mr. Roosevelt intended his ref- 
erence to the statute of limitations as a hint that Mr. 
Heath was not entirely blameless, and that it might be 
well for him to consider that no such statute limited 
the expression of public opinion. But right here 
Senator Hanna steps in. He not only refuses to dis- 
cuss Perry Heath's unfitness for association with the 
leaders of the Republican party, but encourages him to 
remain as secretary of that committee which will man- 
age the campaign of 1904. In a word, Mr. Roosevelt's 
political fortunes are to be tied up with those of a dis- 
credited office-holder, who dared not enter the White 
House with the other members of the committee on the 
occasion of their formal greeting to the President. 

This tangle is described by the New York Evening 
Post as " a defiance of the advocates of decency and a 
notification of Hanna's purpose to defeat Roosevelt by 
indirection." This seems to express the precise senti- 
ments of several other journals. Mr. Heath is openly 
termed a thief by many, he is condoled with by more 
on the overwhelming evidence against him. and only 
the feeble voice of a Salt Lake paper is lifted in his 

Whatever the guilt or guiltlessness of Mr. Heath. 
the vital question now is whether the discredited man 
will seek or will be allowed to seek rehabilitation at the 
expense of his party and the President. There is a 
nice point of etiquette here. Mr. Conrad and Mr. 
Bonaparte have said that the ex-first-assistant is of 
doubtful integrity. Such a statement, made in private 
life and unrefuted. might confidently be expected to 
relegate the suspected one to the very outskirts of so- 
ciety. Evidently Mr. Roosevelt would hesitate, in view 
of his well-known dislike for dishonesty, public or 
private, to shake the hand of one he has branded so 
deeply. But will he consent to the retention of Mr. 
Heath on the National Committee? Is he saying little, 
indeed, but carrying a big stick? When will the stick 
descend? Will it graze the venerable pate of Senator 

Hanna? In the language of the plains, with which 
Mr. Roosevelt is so familiar, the mildest looking 
bronco has hind legs at the back and teeth on the 
front end. Isn't Mr. Heath, after all, entitled to worry 
for himself? 

The latest story being circulated about Hearst in 
The boom Washington is that he and Bryan have 

of formed a combination by which thev 

Ed.tor Hearst. may be ab , e tQ control SQ ]arge a num _ 

ber of delegates to the Democratic national convention 
as to prevent the nomination of any one unacceptable 
to them, and possibly to effect the editor's nomination. 
Considering the cordial relations that have existed 
between Bryan and Hearst the story seems not un- 
likely. Still it is only a story. Meanwhile Hearst is 
building up his organization in many States, and evi- 
dence of his unexpected strength are now and then to 
be found even in newspapers that are his business 
rivals. For example, a correspondent of the New- 
York Times, writing from Trenton, N. J., declares 
that " the tremendous Hearst sentiment existing here 
and elsewhere is a very serious fact which can 
not wisely be ignored and will not down," and that 
" the Hearst movement is a genuine ground swell com- 
ing up spontaneously from the unpolluted depths of 
the great ocean of public thought." Such journals as 
Harper's Weekly take Hearst seriously enough to de- 
vote page cartoons to his boom, while, if we may be- 
lieve a recent Washington dispatch, the Democratic 
national committee has chosen St. Louis, rather than 
Chicago, as a meeting-place for the national conven- 
tion for fear that otherwise Hearst's Chicago paper 
and his friends there would stampede the convention 
for him. But now, the dispatch avers, Hearst will 
immediately start a newspaper in St. Louis and " gaylv 
greet " the convention when it there assembles. 

Man)- people will be interested to know that Thomas 

Thomas \ ^- Edison, the distinguished inventor, 

Edison is " unfair." We glean this informa- 

" Unfair." t ; on f rom an p en letter of Vernier 

Lodge, No. 350, International Association of Ma- 
chinists. The epistle sets forth that " no settlement 
has yet been effected of the controversy between 
Thomas A. Edison and the machinists " ; that " Thomas 
A. Edison has finally and openly declared himself an 
enemy to the labor organizations " ; that " the bitter- 
ness of Thomas A. Edison has carried him far enough 
to discharge every union man in his laboratory " ; that 
" we appeal to you to publish the unfairness of Thomas 
A. Edison toward, organized labor " ; and that " we 
earnestly request you to write Thomas A. Edison a 
letter denouncing his action toward organized labor." 
Everybody will please take notice. 

The testimony before the Senate Committee on Mili- 
Root on tar 3' Affairs in the Wood case is sup- 

Wood and posed to be secret, but isn't. The As- 

wilson. sociated Press has been printing in- 

teresting bits semi-occasionally, but nothing before so 
startling as that this week relating to the testimony 
of General James H. Wilson. It is alleged that 
General Wilson replied to the question, " You think 
that President McKinley made a mistake when he 
made General Wood brigadier-general.'' with: "I 
think he made a deadly mistake when he made that 
appointment. I think he gave the greatest shock to 
the sense of discipline and fairness of the American 
army that it has ever received." Not only this, but it 
is alleged that General Wilson further stated that he 
had told Mr. Roosevelt, when the latter was gover- 
nor of New York, that Wood was not at the Battle 
of San Juan, but far in the rear, looking for ammuni- 
tion, and that the President answered: "Yes, I 
know; but do not tell anybody." When Secretary Root 
took the stand, he declared that Wood was not 
only at San Juan but " in the hottest and heaviest fire 
that our men had to endure, when men were falling all 
around him." He is reported further as follows: " I 
think I ought to allude to the remarks of General 
James H. Wilson here as to the conversation with the 
President Of course, the President can not be a 
witness. The President informs'me that General Wil- 
son is mistaken, and that no such conversation regard- 
ing General Wood's presence at the San Juan fight 
ever took place between him and General Wilson." 

The Argonaut's attitude toward the Cuban reciprocity 
treaty was one of consistent opposition. 
to be boomed From every point of view it seemed an 
in Cuba. unwise measure. But in the flame of 

the administration's displeasure, California's congres- 
sional delegation proved a malleablelot — failed to make 
even a show of opposition to a treaty that struck at 
California's dominant industries — and after a two- 
Years' struggle, the treaty was put into effect. Now 

January 18, 1904. 



we are beginning to " get results." It is reported from 
Cuba that one company alone has purchased twenty- 
five thousand acres of land there, which it will plant 
to orange trees. The soil and climate are said to be 
perfectly adapted to citrus fruits. Prospectuses of the 
future "orange colony" are couched in glowing terms. 
Stress is laid on the accessibility and value of the New 
York market. This is indeed interesting news to 
California orange growers, four thousand miles from 
that same great entrepot. True, it will be several 
years, even if orange-planting goes on apace, before 
there will be any real competition, but, as the Chron- 
icle sapiently points out, the treaty, though nominally 
for only five years, will continue indefinitely unless one 
party or the other shall give a year's notice of intention 
to terminate it. And that is unlikely — more's the pity. 

The release' of ex-Treasurer Augustus C. Widber from 
. .. „, San Ouentin prison last week, after a 

A. C. Widber — r 

Comes out term of five years, recalls one of the 

of Prison. largest defalcations in San Francisco's 

history. And also a peculiar one. Its peculiarity lay 
in the fact that Mayor Phelan and other city officials, 
whose duty it was to count the money in the city treas- 
ury, merely " hefted " the bags marked " Gold," but 
which really contained silver. This original method 
of " counting " permitted YVidber's peculations to go 
on undiscovered till they amounted to $118,000 — most 
of which, like McKowen's $60,000. was lost on the 
race-track. An interesting fact in connection with 
YVidber's release is that the Fidelity and Deposit Com- 
pany, of Maryland, which paid $100,000 to the city r , 
have already filed suit against the ex-convict for 
$94,559.52, principal and interest on the sum Widber 
" owes " them. It is said that Widber could pay them 
if he would. The incident throws an interesting light 
on the sleepless vigilance of bond companies. First 
they " made good " to the city. Now they will, if pos- 
sible, compel Widber to " make good " to them. 

union cards; to avoid goods bearing the union label-, 
and to withdraw advertising from hostile papers. 

Boating on a pale, placid, pellucid lake is nice. Boat- 
ing a deux on a pellucid, placid, pale 

Stanford s to r ' v ' r 

nick Lake lake is unspeakably blissful. Stanford 

Gets away. University — co-educational — has a nice 

hole which might be a lake if there were water. But 
there is no water. According to a veracious newspaper 
item, the water has " escaped." It would not " stay 
put." But Stanford is determined that it must and 
shall, and is taking steps to recover the vagrant pel- 
lucid lake aforesaid. " Two hundred tons of clay," 
says the dispatch, " are to be deposited on the north 
bottom of the lake bed to prevent the water escaping 
through the embankment." Doubtless, the tons of clay 
will prove an effectual jailer of future lakes, but what 
of the lovely lake that has already " escaped " ? We 
doubt if it will come when called. " I can call spirits 
from the vasty deep," orated Glendower. " But will 
they come, when you do call for them," quoth Hot- 
spur. Thus it is with the lake. We suggest that Stan- 
ford swear out a search-warrant, and send a committee 
after that errant lake which has " escaped " and is 
" at large." 

Country life will soon be different from what it used to 
The telephone be wnen on 'y infrequent trips "to town," 
or a casual visitor, put the farmer in 
touch with the world outside. As the 
President well remarked in his annual message, the 
" rural free-delivery, taken in connection with the tele- 
phone, the bicycle, and the trolley, accomplishes much 
toward lessening the isolation of farm life and making 
it brighter and more attractive." In this State, the 
barbed-wire telephone has quickly created a demand 
for something better. In Sonoma County, recently, two 
separate applications for telephone franchises were 
made by small companies, for lines to run from farm 
to farm, and it is likely that soon the county will be 
well covered with wires. The same developments are 
taking place elsewhere in the State, and working a 
quiet, but profound, revolution in the conditions of rural 



" A year ago," says the New York Sun, " the Chicago 
the growth labor unions were dominant, aggressive, 
of the Citizens* intolerant, and intolerable. To-day they 
alliance. a _j. t - or tnat w hi cn they then demanded. 

The employers' association has taught them that the 
employer and the public have rights which unionism 
must not attempt to override." Though the news- 
papers whisper no word about it, the San Francisco 
organization" on similar lines to the Chicago one is 
said to be growing apace. Will it achieve like results? 
Already, we hear, the alliance has eleven thousand 
members. Affairs are just getting into working order 
and the anti-union campaign is shortly to begin. If 
present plans are carried out, the tactics pursued will 
be to refuse patronage to retail merchants displaying 

The bitter, long-continued, and bloody struggle be- 
Colorado's tween the Colorado mine-owners, backed 

labor bv the governor and the militia, and 

VVar - the labor unions, has come before the 

Senate of the United States, and promises hence- 
forth to have the attention of the nation. A resolution 
was presented by Senator Patterson, on Wednesday, 
asking for the investigation of the situation by a Senate 
committee. He declared that great injustice had been 
done members of labor unions and their sympathizers 
by the use of militia in imprisoning men. establishing 
a press censorship, etc. Senator Scott, of West Vir- 
ginia, replying to Patterson, said that there had never 
been '* a more tyrannical or despotic organization on 
earth than that which the senator is championing." 


The Situation in the Far East as Seen by ar. Eye-Witness. 
Reno. Xev., January 10, 1904. 

Editors Argonaut: "Japan will be ruined if she fights, 
and ruined if she doesn't fight." is the remark often heard in 
the Orient. I had to travel from one end of Japan to the 
other before I realized the force of the doleful prophecy. The 
keynote of her present trouble lies in the fact that she can not 
hope to maintain her position as a " power " without expan- 
sion, and Corea is the natural channel. If Russia blocks her 
there her condition will be unbearable. 

Americans living in roomy comfort can not realize what 
land famine really is. Japan to-day is subsisting fifty million 
people on her islands, the total area of which is about one 
hundred and two million acres. This is over ten million 
acres less than the last surveys show in the State of Califor- 
nia. But this is not all. Not more than one acre out of eight 
can be cultivated. Her tillable land lies in narrow fringes 
along the shores, and the interior is filled up with steep, vol- 
canic mountains, incapable of reclamation, except in very small 
patches, with long distances between. Even this does not tell 
the story. Japan does not possess great material riches, either 
in soil or mine. Her limited area of level land has never been 
fertilized by glacial action, such as that which ground into 
dust the surface of the Middle States and New England, and 
made their soil so productive. There are no forage plants on 
the big hillsides, as there are on the Rocky Mountains and 
in Xevada. and there is almost no wild life. The farms are 
no larger than a good-sized lot in San Francisco, and the 
cultivation is intense. The waters are farmed as well as the 
land, and but for the fish the people could not get along at all. 
As it is, their hours are long, their food scanty, and their com- 
forts few. They deny themselves everything but the barest 
necessaries of life, and when a crop fails, thousands of them 
live on grass. 

It will be impossible for fifty million people, or anything like 
that number, to live on those islands when they awaken to 
their true condition, and demand food, clothing, and the com- 
forts of life common to the poorest people in America and 
Europe. The great mass of them live in the most abject pov- 
erty. There is no prosperous middle class, no community of 
thrifty land owners, as with us. When the feudal system 
was broken up, about forty years ago, the lands went to the 
crown. They are farmed out to-day in tiny lots, and the 
crops are divided with a liberal hand in favor of the tax- 
gatherer. There is an astonishing scarcity of general wealth. 
The large investments in live stock which enrich the American 
farmer are unknown. They do not know what a cow was 
made for, and have no use for the gentle bos. They know- 
nothing of milk, butter, or beef. The Shinto religion forbids 
meat-eating, and Buddhism opposes taking life in any form. 
The absence of work animals reduces the farm to the bare 
land with a shanty for shelter, and perhaps a go-down to store 
the crop in. No fences, stables, wagons, or machinery' are re- 
quired. Sheep can not live in Japan, as the coarse ribbon 
grass lacerates their tender entrails, and they soon die. 

Even in the cities there is no furniture in the dwellings, 
no stoves, or ranges for heating or cooking, no chimneys or 
fire-places built in the walls, no bedroom sets, no carpets, only 
straw mats upon the floor, and they take the place not only 
of carpets and tables, but of beds. In shops and factories all 
classes work from dawn till dark for one-tenth of the wages 
paid in America. Many thorough artists in metals, in porce- 
lain, or in fabrics, earn from thirty to fifty cents a day. 
Ricksha men and engine-drivers get about fifty cents a day. 
while the men who drag the drays, stevedores, and laborers, 
get a third as much. The scale of living is in proportion ; 
in fact, no traveler has dared to describe the destitution which 
is well-nigh universal. Formerly the laborer went naked to 
his work, but laws have been passed compelling a certain 
amount of clothing to be worn. Fruit and eggs can be 
had by those who wish to pay for them, but the proportion that 
eats them is smaller than the one that eats terrapin in the 
United States. The Japanese do not eat their own rice ; it is 
too costly. They sell it, and buy a third-class rice from the 
continent — yellow, fishy, and cheap. 

But discontent has set in, and great changes are apparent. 
A general and growing demand for better living is universal. 
When the Western nations broke through the crust and com- 
pelled the Orientals to open their territory' to outside traffic. 
China sulked and India wept, but Japan responded readily, 
and entered into the game of world politics heartily. The 
result has been felt all along the line, particularly in wages, 
which have advanced and are still advancing. 

Corea and Manchuria are fertile regions with scanty popu- 
lation, and if open to Japanese enterprise would relieve the 
situation for some time to come, but when they see Man- 
churia closed and Corea threatened, the grip which has so long 
been tightening around them strikes panic in the Japanese, 
and tbey are a unit for war. The government is more con- 
servative than the people, for the hardship and danger are 
more apparent to the man who must borrow money, buy ships, 
and provision armies, than to the soldier and the citizen. No 
doubt Japan would make a great fight. She has an advant- 
age on the start, for her navy is on the spot, and is much 
larger than the portion of the Russian navy stationed in the 
Pacific. She has a gallant army, well officered and splendidly 
drilled, with a rank and file made up of as brave men as ever 
lived, men whose religion is loyalty to their country and de- 
votion to their emperor. But in the elements that win in the 
long run there is no comparison. 

Where will it end? What will it lead to? It is not hard 
to imagine the coming of the much-talked of struggle between 
the Anglo-Saxon and the Slav for dominion over the earth, 
if. as many believe, England may become involved. She vir- 
tually owns the Japanese navy, and if she takes sides, Europe 
will divide, and Napoleon's prophecy that within a hundred 
years Europe would be Russian or republican might be verified. 
It is a good time for Uncle Sam to sit tight and make no move 
unless one is forced upon him. In case of a world-wide war. 
the nations might turn to us to preserve the equities, less 
chaos come again. R. L. Fulton. 


The Princess Cantacuzene, formerly Miss Julia 
Grant, is soon to revisit America. She will accompany 
her aunt, Mrs. Potter Palmer, who is convalescent 
from typhoid fever. 

Dr. Samuel Smiles, the author of " Self Help," re- 
cently celebrated his ninety-first birthday at his home 
in Kensington. " Self Help " is a book little known to 
modern American readers, though it was one of the 
most widely read a generation ago, and in England 
alone attained a sale of a quarter of a million copies. 

Marie Corelli has had the last word in regard 
to the farthing damages which the jury awarded her in 
her recent libel action. The defendant called on Miss 
Corelli to deliver the coin, and was received by the 
butler, to whom he handed a form of receipt for Miss 
Corelli's signature. Determined that her autograph 
should not go so cheap, she referred the caller to her 
solicitors. j_ Jl 

" Prince Cupid,'' otherwise Jonah Kalanianaole, dele- 
gate to Congress from Hawaii, went to a down-town 
saloon in Washington, D. C, last week, to celebrate the 
reassembling of Congress. The celebration was 
pretty loud, and (according to the Washington corre- 
spondents), a saloon-porter reported to a policeman 
that " there's a Hywyan rough-housing in our saloon." 
" Prince Cupid" averred that he couldn't be arrested be- 
cause he was a member of Congress, but he was never- 
theless locked up. Later he was bailed out by friends. 

Off the shores of the Bosphorus, Pierre Loti. 
novelist and Academician, has had baptized, with 
mock pomp and ceremony, his ship's kitten. The affair 
took place early in December on board the French 
guardship Vautour, which the novelist commands as 
Captain Viand. In honor of the event, the Vautour 
was bright with bunting. The captain's quarters were 
gayly ornamented. A crowd of guests was on board, 
among them being the commanders of tile English and 
Russian guardships, the French consul-general, the 
Russian naval attache, M. Coquelin, the actor, and 
ladies. It is said the French authorities were not 
pleased at the levity of Loti. 

W. T. Stead's new venture, the Dailv Paper, made 
its first bow to the London public last week. It was 
heralded by a series of balloon ascents with showers 
of colored pictures and checks of small denominations, 
by a popular entertainment in Queen's Hall, a fireworks 
display on Hampstead Heath, and an army of one 
thousand sandwich men, bearing announcements and 
sample pictures of the kind that are to be given away. 
The Daily Paper is an evening journal. Its first edition, 
like that of some of its American contemporaries, ap- 
pears at ten o'clock in the morning. It is distributed 
mainly in London by a brigade of messenger girls, 
who deliver it at the doors of subscribers. 

" In all Mr. Roosevelt's life on the frontier," says 
Jacob Riis, writing about the President in the Out- 
look, " he was molested only once, and then by a 
drunken rowdy, who took him for a tenderfoot, and 
with a curse bade him treat, at the point of his tw r o 
revolvers, enforcing the invitation with a little exhibi- 
tion of ' gun play,' while a roomful of men looked 
stolidly on. Roosevelt was a stranger in the town, and 
had no friends there. He got up apparently to yield 
to the inevitable, practicing over mentally the while 
a famous left-hander that had done execution in the 
old Harvard days. The next instant the bully crashed 
against the wall and measured his length on the floor. 
His pistols went off harmlessly in the air. He opened 
his eyes to find the ' four-eyed tenderfoot ' standing 
over him, bristling with fight, while the crowd nodded, 
calmly, ' Served him right." He surrendered then and 
there, and gave up his guns, while Mr. Roosevelt went 
to bed unmolested. Such things carry far on the plains. 
No one was ever after that heard to express a wish to 
fill this tenderfoot ' full of holes,' even though he did 
wear gold spectacles and fringed angora ' chaps.' " 

Announcement has been made of the engagement of 
Elbert Hubbard, otherwise known as Fra Elbertus. to 
Miss Alice L. Moore, a pretty Xew England teacher. 
Elbert Hubbard, the author, lecturer, and editor of 
the Philistine, is the head of the Roycroft colony at 
East Aurora, X. Y., a town of three thousand inhabi- 
tants. His wife, Mrs. Bertha Crawford Hubbard, 
recently secured an absolute divorce from him, and 
Miss Alice L. Moore, to whom Elbert Hubbard is be- 
trothed, was named co-respondent in the divorce action. 
To Mrs. Hubbard was granted heavy alimony. Miss 
Moore, who is declared by Hubbard to be his " affinity." 
and he became acquainted while members of the same 
literary societies at the time Miss Moore held the po- 
sition of preceptress of the East Aurora High School, 
nearly a dozen years ago. When Miss Moore removed 
to Xew England, Hubbard made frequent visits to Miss 
Moore's home in Massachusetts, and it was in a suit 
for two thousand dollars brought against Elbert Hub- 
bard for the support of Miss Moore's child that the 
facts came out, which furnished to Mrs. Bertha Craw- 
ford Hubbard evidence upon which she secured an 
absolute divorce, after naming Miss M<> co-respon- 
dent. Of the family of three sons and a daughter, the 
latter and one boy were turned over by the New York 
supreme court to the mother in Buffalo, while 
and the second son remain with their father. 
they are conspicuous for their long hair, 
leggings, and high-top boots. 



January 18, 1904. 


■What the Dial Told. 

The cargo steamer Amphion was drumming through 
the fog off Tillamook Head on the Oregon coast. The 
skipper was stamping back and forth on the bridge, 
volubly imprecating disenthronement on the weather 
god. Nnw and then he put his hand irresolutely on 
the lever of the engine-room telegraph, which pointed, 
in spite of rules and regulations, to " Full Speed." 
Once or twice he addressed a question to the third 
officer. The latter refused to commit himself. Finally 
his superior glanced at the clock under the hood, 
listened for an answer in the night to the bellow of the 
siren, and said: " I guess we'll let her go. If we can 
keep up the gait we can make Astoria by the morning 
tide, and there's no shipping to be afraid of to-night. 
Half speed's all right for the lower coast, but up here 
there's no need of losing time that way." 

From the note of indecision in the captain's voice, 
the third mate thought that encouragement was wanted. 
But he stared into the blind haze that hid from view 
the very wash from the cutwater, and only grunted. 

" I don't see why we shouldn't hit her along," the 
skipper went on, irascibly. " We aren't more than a 
good thirty from the light, and when Ave get off there 
we can slow down and crawl in by daylight. I aint 
a coward to lay her to when there's no need." 

" Shall I keep her at full speed ?" the mate asked. 

" Well. I wouldn't slow down yet awhile. Maybe 
if it gets much thicker, and I aint on the bridge, you 
better let her down to half speed. Just tell the en- 
gineer to drop her a couple of revolutions." 

The watch officer nodded. He had served on sev- 
eral seas, and it was no new thing in his experience 
for a conscientious captain to put his telegraph at half 
speed, or even dead slow, and warn the engineers not 
to obey too literally. It can't be done any more, for 
the new telegraph marks revolutions and must tally 
with the indicator on the engines. The mate did not 
like the look of the night, and the perils marked on the 
chart rose before him distinctly. But he understood 
quite well a young master's anxiety to get into port 
on time, and moreover he told himself that if they ran 
down anything it wasn't his fault. So he nodded again, 
and walked over to the speaking-tube. 

The chief engineer answered him from the working 
platform. " Captain says when he rings to slow to half 
speed, just to drop her a couple," came the drawling 
voice of the third mate. 

The chief looked up at the dial where the indicator 
pointed steadily at full speed ahead. " All right," he 

" The skipper's keeping her going in this fog," sug- 
gested the assistant engineer. 

" Yes, he wants to get in. It's pretty thick weather 
to be steaming a good twelve." 

" Bad coast, too," continued the assistant, flirting his 
lamp into the champing eccentric well. 

" It's always the way with youngsters," the chief 
responded, acidly. " They don't like to lose time by 
rules. Petersen's all right, so he thinks, but he hasn't 
been on this coast as long as I have, or he wouldn't be 
driving her in this muck. He's always throwing it up 
to me that I aint the skipper, so I reckon I'll make no 
fuss if he is trying to hit the Amphion through contrary 
to rules." 

" Well," said the other, glancing up at the dial, "if 
anything happens, all we've got to say is, It was orders 
from the bridge. That telegraph won't lie. Shall I 
ease her only a couple when he signals half speed?" 

The gray-haired engineer put his hand on his sub- 
ordinate's shoulder. His voice rose above the whirr 
of the dynamo and the clank of the main pump. " That 
isn't orders," he said. " Our orders are on that dial 
there. If that says half speed, by Jiniiny Cripps, half 
speed it is." 

"Then no talk from the deck goes, sir?" 

"Take your orders from the telegraph, when it's 
working," the chief responded. "If it isn't working, 
then the speaking-tub will do." 

An hour later the Amphion was still beating away 
through the big, oily seas, the fog streaming away from 
her bows 10 swirl back and across the yellow glare of 
the deck lighis before piling up in a murky wall astern. 
I In- captain kept watch with his mate on the bridge. 
! he 1 11 fine room telegraph stood at full speed. Down 
in the engine-room the third engineer went 
quietly about his work, while his chief stood on the 
working platform under the huge steam valve, smok- 
ing his pipe. 

After lii- rounds, the assistant came across and stood 
by the old man's side. " It's an awfully dirty night," 
id. " In the sioki room fou can see the fog pour- 
ing down the ventilators like steam. Strikes me the 
skipper is running big risks." 

" Yes. h > to night. I'm pretty well used 

to young chaps with hot-headed notions, hut the older 
I grow the less 1 like the captain who boasts in port 
that he icver went half speed. Sooner or later he gets 
son. Sometimes the engine-room pays for it. 
Mostly, 1 might say." 

-■ younger resumed his rounds through the ma- 

1 . his light hand on a bearing, a swift touch on 

rod, a squint at an oil cup, a turn on a valve. 

nig bedplates, the thundering cylinders far 

the clacking pumps, the whirring shaft sang 

him as he went. Suddenly the steady roar of 

the huge engines was dulled. The hard-pressed thrust 
blocks ceased their shrill cry. The plunging piston 
rods slowed up. With a sigh the engine-room took 
up the lower beat of half speed. But the assistant had 
noticed one strange thing. He quickly joined his chief, 
and looked at the dial of the telegraph. It still pointed 
as it had for the last hour. The elder man answered 
his inquisitive glance with a low, " I don't know what 
the deck means." 

Before another word was said, there came a slow, 
sucking lift; the Amphion rolled over till the lanterns 
dimmed. She recovered with a surge, and as the chief 
engineer wrenched the steam valve shut, the plates be- 
neath their feet bulged upward. A moment of tense 
straining in the stilled machinery, and then, as if freed 
from some elastic bond, the steamer leaped forward 
again. There was the sharp clang of a door, and a 
stoker pushed his sweaty face above the grating with a 
cry. But the old engineer threw the steam into the 
cylinders again, and the engines throbbed in response. 
" The propellor's still there," he cried, shutting off 
steam once more. 

The third assistant was gazing at the telegraph dial. 
The indicator had not moved. With an oath he snatched 
a pair of nippers from the rack and thrust the claws 
up into the wires behind the face. Then he turned in 
blazing triumph to his superior. " He shan't put her 
over at half speed now," he shouted, " and then tell the 
inspectors that it was us that kept her driving." 

Before the words were well out of his mouth, a jolt 
threw them to the plates, and as they scrambled up 
again the Amphion seemed to crumple up under them. 
Then with the screeching of riven plates and drawing 
rivets, the steamer settled on the reef. A breaker flung 
itself in thunder against the side, and the spray fell 
like rain through the skylight. The sharp clang of 
the gong filled the engine-room. " That was the half- 
speed bell," said the chief, dully, in the lull that followed 
the rattling boom. His assistant, while the awakened 
engineers of the other watches peered curiously 
through the darkness with eyes still heavy from sleep, 
caught up a lantern that was still burning, and threw 
its beam on the dial of the telegraph. It still pointed 
to full speed ahead. " I knew he'd try it, and I fooled 
him !" he cried. 

In the turmoil that followed, while stoker and -oiler 
and engineer fled from fhe water bubbling waist high, 
the chief gathered up his own log-book, and carefully 
tore it up. The fragments he cast on the foamy brine 
that rose about his engines. " I aint going to fight un- 
fair," he muttered. 

On the bridge of the wrecked Amphion the crew 
huddled cheerlessly. The slow streaming seas that 
emerged from the fog and night to windward broke 
heavily on the submerged hull, and the spume ran in 
rivers from mast and stanchion. " I had the engine- 
room telegraph at half speed," said the captain, white- 
faced, " and I've got it down in the log that we slowed 
down as soon as we got into the fog. I guess that'll 
satisfy the inspectors that I've done all right, and we'd 
not ha' run out of our course unless the engine-room 
had disobeyed orders and kept her full speed." 

The third assistant pushed forward and stared at the 
captain with open mouth. Then he shook his fist, 
wildly. " That aint so," he bawled. " I knew yer 
tricks ! I got witness down below ! Ye don't lose me 
my papers that way ! Anybody with two grains of 
sense 'ull know this old hooker couldn't pile up this 
high on any half speed. I tell ye, ye don't lose me my 
papers !" He turned round to his fellows of the en- 
gine-room. " What does the telegraph down there 
read ?" he yelled. 

The old engineer, rubbing between his palms the 
omnipresent badge of his authority, a bit of cotton 
waste, gazed at the pallid master of the wreck, and 
shared his shame. With a gesture, he silenced his 
shrieking men, and bullied the third mate with his eyes. 
" I was on watch to-night with my assistant," he com- 
menced, harshly. " I am responsible for this. I've lost 
my engine-room log, but it was my orders that kept 
her driving. It was all my doings, and I guess I'm old 
enough to stand by it. To hell with the rules of the 
road ! Let's play this fair." 

" But " began the third assistant with a cry. 

" Shut up !" bellowed his chief. 

The yellow lanterns on the tilted bridge flickered in 
the wind, but their unsteady flames were not more 
wavering than the eyes of the captain. " I put her over 
to half speed," he said, shrilly, laying his wet hand 
on the brass, "but it mightn't have registered in the 
engine-room. You see " 

" We must play fair," interrupted the chief en- 
gineer, loudly. The men crowded closer about him, 
their oilskins rustling in the darkness. " We must play 
fair," said the old man, glibly. " The Amphion's piled 
up here, and some one's got to lose his papers. I ain't 
been friendly with the skipper, and I just naturally 
kept her driving, boys. It's my fault, my fault, boys, and 
I guess I'm up against it. That telegraph says half 
speed, and I kept her full speed, contrary to orders." 

The young skipper turned away his face and picked 
up a lantern that swung steaming from the rail. Rais- 
ing it up he scanned the faces that surrounded him. 
Slowly the lantern fell with his arm. He threw out 
his hand and caught the lever of the telegraph. With 
a jerk he threw it back and then forward to full speed 
ahead. The clang of the bell came up from the half- 
drowned engine-room and tinkled, a fading echo, in 
the fog. John Fleming Wilson. 

San Francisco, January, 1904. 


[In a recent voting contest conducted by an Eastern journal, the 
three following poems received the largest number of votes in 
answer to the question " Which is the best American short poem "?] 

To a "Waterfowl. 

Whither, midst falling dew, 
While glow the heavens with the last steps of day, 
Far, through their rosy depths, dost thou pursue 

Thy solitary way? 

Vainly the fowler's eye 
Might mark thy distant flight to do thee wrong, 
As, darkly painted in the crimson sky, 

Thy figure floats along. 

Seek'st thou the plashy brink 
Of weedy lake, or marge of river wide, 
Or where the rocking billows rise and sink 

On the chafed ocean-side? 

There is a Power whose care 
Teaches thy way along that pathless coast, — 
The desert and illimitable air, — 

Gone wandering, but not lost. 

All day thy wings have fanned, 
At that far height, the cold, thin atmosphere, 
Yet stoop not, weary, to the welcome land, 

Though the dark night is near. 

And soon that toil shall end ; 
Soon shalt thou find a summer home, and rest. 
And scream among thy fellows; reeds shall bend, 

Soon, o'er thy sheltered nest. 

Thou'rt gone, the abyss of heaven 
Hath swallowed up thy form ; yet, on my heart 
Deeply hath sunk the lesson thou hast given, 

And shall not soon depart: 

He who, from zone to zone, 
Guides through the boundless sky thy certain flight, 
In the long way that I must tread alone, 

Will lead my steps aright. 

— William Cullen Bryant. 

The Chambered Nautilus. 
This is the ship of pearl, which, poets feign. 
Sails the unshadowed main, — 
The venturous bark that flings 
On the sweet summer wind its purpled wings 
In gulfs enchanted, where the Siren sings, 

And coral reefs He bare, 
W'here the cold sea-maids rise to sun their streaming 

Its webs of living gauze no more unfurl ; 

Wrecked is the ship of pearl ! 

And every chambered cell, 
Where its dim dreaming life was wont to dwell, 
As the frail tenant shaped his growing shell, 

Before thee lies revealed, — 
Its irised ceiling rent, its sunless crypt unsealed ! 

Year after year beheld the silent toil 

That spread his lustrous coil ; 

Still, as the spiral grew, 
He left the past year's dwelling for the new, 
Stole with soft step its shining archway through, 

Built up its idle door, 
Stretched in his last-found home, and knew the old no 

Thanks for the heavenly message brought by thee, 

Child of the wandering sea, 

Cast from her lap, forlorn ! 
From thy dead lips a clearer note is born 
Than ever Triton blew from wreathed horn ! 

While on mine ear it rings, 
Through the deep caves of thought I hear a voice that 
sings : — 

Build thee more stately mansions, O my soul, 

As the swift seasons roll ! 

Leave thy low-vaulted past ! 
Let each new temple, nobler than the last, 
Shut thee from heaven with a dome more vast, 

Till thou at length art free, 
Leaving thine outgrown shell by life's unresting sea! 
— Oliver Wendell Holmes. 

O Captain! My Captain! 
O Captain ! my Captain ! our fearful trip is done. 
The ship has weather'd every rack, the prize we sought is 

The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting, 
While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring; 
But O heart ! heart ! heart ! 
O the bleeding drops of red, 

Where on the deck my Captain lies 
Fallen cold and dead. 

O Captain! my Captain! rise up and hear the bells; 

Rise up — for you the flag is flung — for you the bugle trills, 

For you bouquets and ribbon'd wreaths — for you the shores 

For you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces turn 

Here Captain! dear father! 

This arm beneath your head ! 

It is some dream that on the deck, 
You've fallen cold and dead. 

My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still, 
My father does not feel my arm, lie has no pulse nor will, 
The ship is anchor'd safe and sound, its voyage closed and 

From fearful trip the victor ship conTes in with object won; 
Exult O shores, and ring bells! 
But I, with mournful tread, 

Walk the deck my Captain lies, 
Fallen cold and dead. — Walt Whitman. 

A bust of Geoffrey Chaucer, presented to the city of 
London by Alderman Sir Reginald Hansen, has just 
been unveiled, five hundred years after the poet's death. 
London has no busts of Shakespeare, Spenser, or Mil 
ton, though the two last named were born there. 

The employment of the blind as masseurs is urged 
by I. Matignon, who points out that in Japan nearly al' 
followers of this occupation are blind. Sweden 
Switzerland, and Belgium are following the example 
of Japan in this respect. 

January 18, 1904. 




Features of the Gotham Holiday Season— Unsuccessful Plays— Some 

Notable New Actors — A Deliciously Improper French 

Farce — An Actress With Many Lovers. 

We have had quite an ideal holiday season — plenty 
of snow, clear, snapping cold, red sunsets, and bleak 
boughs snow-edged, like a Christmas card. Just be- 
fore the holidays there was skating on the park lake, 
and every boy and girl in New York who could balance 
on a pair of steel runners was whirling and gliding over 
the smooth, black ice for a few joyous days. Then 
the rain came and the red ball — sign of skating in the 
park — was taken down till the next hard frost. 

One of the weak points of the holiday season this 
year has been the poor theatrical attractions. Of 
course, there is the opera — the opera and Caruso ! 
That covers a multitude of disappointments. A series 
of empty theatres, with Caruso singing in one, would 
be quite satisfactory to me, and I have no doubt to 
thousands of others. I would like to break out into 
joyous paragraphs about Caruso, but I am reserving 
him for another letter — after I have heard him in 
" Boheme." He is an event; a real tenor, singing lyric 
roles in a poetically impassioned way ! — one doesn't 
often hear that sort of thing. 

There were four new theatres opened in New York 
this winter, and three new plays were taken off the 
boards after a week or two of unsuccess. The book 
plays got a very bad black eye. I did not see " Lady 
Rose's Daughter," but I have heard from those who did 
that it was impossibly bad. I did see " John Ermine 
of the Yellowstone " and " The Pretty Sister of Jose." 
The former, which was much the better of the two, 
had a short life, not entirely unsuccessful, but not suf- 
ficiently promising to warrant taking it on the road. 
Personally, I thought the play pretty good, and Hackett 
better than I had almost ever seen him. I do not see 
why it did not please, for it was a great deal better than 
some of the rubbish that the public pays to see. 

The success of " The Pretty Sister of Jose " rests on 
Maude Adams's popularity and the attractiveness of 
her leading man. It is frankly silly in places, and the 
star, who is clever, charming, and has any amount of 
artistic temperament and fibre, has to make the best of 
a part that would have crushed the life out of any one 
less buoyantly daring and spirited. The piece is un- 
questionably pleasing to women. Part of this may be 
due to the fact that there is a florid color of romance 
playing over it. The scenery and tableaux look like 
the pictures that come in the boxes of raisins the grocer 
gives you for Christmas. They are just as highly 
painted and brightly glazed. Castanets and guitars, 
bunches of grapes and crimson roses, songs of peasants 
under the moon, bright eyes looking over a fan, man- 
tilla-draped duennas, madly loving men and sweetly 
mocking maids, are the sum and substance of it, and 
they have their appeal. Women like their romance in 
broad effects. Most of them lack it in their lives, and 
so they prefer it good and strong in plays. When your 
main preoccupations are what number of shirts your 
husband has in the wash every week, how much you 
can afford to pay the cook, and whether you'll try a 
new food for the baby, you want the theatre to take 
you as far away from all that as it can. 

" The Pretty Sister of Jose " certainly takes vou a 
long way. A wash bill or a baby with the colic should 
be unknown things in those sunny climes where life 
moves melodiously over an undercurrent of guitar 
strumming, against a background of adobe walls and 
grape arbors. The general picturesqueness is greatly 
added to by the good looks and romantic poise of the 
new leading man, Harry Ainley. He is a young En- 
glishman, with much more suppleness and distinction 
than the handsome English actors usually possess. 
If I am not mistaken, Mr. Frohman has made a find in 

The town is just now short of matinee idols, and 
young Ainley is an ideal aspirant for the position. 
He is not only unusually good to look at. but he has an 
intelligent dignity very rare in handsome actors. The 
impassioned force of his playing in the high-pitched 
part of Sebastiano. the toreador, was all the more 
creditable, as the character is exceedingly far-fetched 
and the love situation foolishly unreal. Just what 
constitutes the charm of a matinee idol, it is hard to say. 
Many have been called, and few chosen. Men scoff 
and say it is only good looks, but they are wrong. Any- 
way men can never grasp what makes certain members 
of their own sex supremely attractive to women. Only 
one thing you can be sure of, and that is that the man 
women dote on men will dislike. I wonder why. Some- 
times I have thought it was but a small ordinary matter 
of personal jealousy. One of the engaging attributes 
of the male of the human species is that he is so naif, 
shows so little finesse and subtlety in the concealment 
of his feelings. 

But this is neither here nor there — the point is that 
Harry Ainley is, in my opinion, mainly responsible for 
the success of " The Pretty Sister of Jose." He is 
rather small in build, exceedingly graceful and well- 
made, and is, undoubtedly, one of the best lovers now 
on the stage in this country. Frank Worthing had better 
look to his laurels. He carries the romantic and im- 
passioned side of the play, and Maude Adams the plain- 
tive and pathetic. She is just the same as ever, and 
holds her dominion secure and unshaken over her 
public. She certainly has her foot on the neck of New 

York. Her one rival is Ethel Barrymore, and Ethel 
Barrymore has nothing like her talent, charm, or orig- 

Of all the new-comers to the New York stage this 
year, the most remarkable is Mile. Wiehe at the French 
Vaudeville Theatre. Charles Frohman thought he 
would try an experiment, and imported a company of 
French vaudeville players from Paris. He located 
them in Mrs. Osborn's play-house, which is about as 
big as a walnut, and there they held forth in their 
native tongue in a series of French one-act pieces, suf- 
ficiently proper to dispense with the attentions of the 
censor, and sufficiently improper for people to want 
to see them. 

Mile. Wiehe, a well-known vaudeville player in Paris, 
was the star. She is the sort of actress that they pro- 
duce to perfection in Paris, and only there. Grown 
anywhere else, they are merely vulgar imitations. She 
plays nothing more pretentious than the frothiest kind 
of farces and comedies, and plays them with a deftness 
of touch, suppleness of suggestion, and consummate, 
whimsical skill that renders her a finished artist in her 
own line. She is by birth a Dane, and is said to speak 
French with an accent, which is probably the reason 
why I can understand her so satisfactorily. She is not 
exactly pretty, but quite the most bewitching creature 
imaginable. There are stories floating round town of 
the numerous men who have loved her to distraction, 
and one quite believes them. If you come to analyze 
her appearance, she has no beauty, but infinite grace 
and allurement. Her face is small, the mouth forge 
and flexible, the nose retrousse, the eyes set high in her 
head — hardly wider than a slit at one moment, at the 
next large and lambently beaming. She has a beautiful 
figure, all delicate girlish curves, and the smallest hands 
I have ever seen on a woman that size. 

Two of the pieces she has given have been extremely 
successful. The " Souper d'Adieu," played by the star 
and two men, was a little masterpiece, given with a 
delicacy, a chic, an exquisitely tempered humor that 
could not have been improved on by the greatest artists 
in Paris. The other was a pantomime, " La Main," 
and was particularly successful on that score, as any 
one could understand it. Besides this it had the added 
attraction of containing what the newspapers delicately 
alluded to as " a disrobing act," a form of entertain- 
ment of which the New York public can not seem to 
get enough. 

" La Main " is the story of a burglar and a dancer. 
One bright moonlight night the burglar comes into the 
dancer's boudoir, hunting for her famous jewels. But 
they are well out of his way, being at that moment 
upon the person of the dancer, who has not yet returned 
from the theatre. The burglar conceals himself be- 
hind a green plush curtain directly back of the dress- 
ing table, intending to wait for her return. This soon 
takes place. Jewel-decked and flower-laden she ap- 
pears, a young man in her wake. The young man pays 
her court, gives her a costly diamond pin in a smart 
new case, but she cruelly turns him out into the cold 
moonlight night, where it afterward transpires he 
stands round watching the light in her window. 

Then she stands in front of her bureau and begins 
to undress. She take off her dress and her petticoat, 
being revealed in a short under-petticoat of white satin 
and lace, and a corset of white satin ribbon. Her 
blonde hair is knotted on top of her head, and she 
proceeds to practice her steps and coquette with her 
image in the glass. The burglar behind the curtain, 
being a French burglar, becomes so fascinated by the 
charming apparition, that he forgets to be cautious, 
and puts one hand out on the curtain to draw it further 
back. In the middle of her innocent glee the dancer 
suddenly sees the hand reflected in the glass. Then 
there is a scene of speechless terror, in which she at- 
tempts to get the key of the apartment, which hangs 
on a nail near the burglar's hiding place. Finally she 
pretends to dance toward it, tears it off its nail, and 
throws it through the window out into the street where 
the faithful lover is patroling in the moonlight. Of 
course, he dashes in just as the burglar, with his pock- 
ets full of jewels, becomes menacing, and, of course, 
the dancer falls into his arms. 

Geraldine Bonner. 

New York, January 4, 1904. 

Death of a Famous Painter. 

Jean Leon Gerome. the famous painter and sculptor, 
died in Paris on Sunday, January 10th, of cerebral con- 
gestion, at the age of eighty years. On the day before 
his death he showed several friends his statue of 
Corinth, which he had just finished. Gerome was one 
of the greatest French artists of his time. He began 
his studies in his native town, Vesoul, Haut-Saone, 
and in 1841 began studying in Paris, under Paul 
Delaroche. He exhibited for the first time in the Salon 
of 1847. He traveled later in Turkey and Egypt, 
where he received inspiration for some of his best 
paintings. His success came early. He received a 
third-class medal, two second-class medals, the decora- 
tion of the Legion of Honor, and the Red Eagle. He 
was a commander of the Legion of Honor, and a mem- 
ber of the Academie des Beaux-Arts. At the Centen- 
nial Exposition at Philadelphia, where he exhibited 
many paintings, his pictures gave him a great vogue 
in this country. He took up sculpture in 1878, his 
principal works in this line being " The Entry of 
Bonaparte into Cairo," " Frederick the Great," and 
" Tamerlane." 


From the Annals of Alta California. 

Usually, when we Californians speak of " the first 
Vigilance Committee," we refer to that of San Fran- 
cisco in 1851. We have the hazy impression that law- 
lessness and crime entered our State with the gold rush, 
and that our American pioneers were the first who had 
need to grapple with the problems of enforcing the 
law on this Western shore. As a matter of fact, pas- 
toral California was a land of order simply because 
public opinion was strong in upholding the rights of 
the individual. One might evade the tariff regulations 
and still retain his place in the respect and hearts of the 
people ; but let him once take the property of another 
citizen, and there was no room for him in the territory. 
" You are my brother," and " My house is yours," were 
not idle words. Occasionally, a foreigner abused the 
friendly confidence extended to him, and then public 
opinion made an example of him. 

So it was in the case of Gervaise Alipas, a vaquero, 
who came from Sonora to make his fortune in this 
land of plenty. Among those who greeted him kindly 
were Domingo Felix and his wife, Maria del Rosaria 
Villa. As the acquaintance progressed, Maria's af- 
fections were alienated from their legal possessor and 
transferred to the foreigner. Finally she abandoned 
their ranch and fled with her lover. 

Then Felix invoked the aid of the civil authorities 
to secure her return to her lawful abode. In March, 
1836, she was arrested at San. Gabriel, and taken to 
Los Angeles for trial. After reading her certain civil 
and ecclesiastical threats, she was put into the custody 
of her husband during her good behavior. While the 
sentence was being imposed, Alipas and his brother 
stood aside, uttering threats against all who partici- 
pated in taking Maria away. 

Two days later, Felix and his wife started home to 
their ranch, she riding behind him on the same horse. 
As they waved adieux, all the relatives and friends be- 
lieved that the reconciliation was thorough. 

Three days later, Felix's body was accidentally 
discovered in a ravine not far from town, carefully 
covered with earth and leaves. When the news was 
brought to Los Angeles, great excitement ensued. A 
searching-party went out and found traces of the body 
having been dragged from the road to the ravine by 
means of a reata. The officials proceeded to the ranch, 
and there arrested the false wife and her paramour. 
Under the stress of the moment, the wife confessed that 
Alipas had stabbed her husband on the way home on 
March 26th, and that she had helped hide the body. 

As the story sped from house to house, the excite- 
ment and indignation grew. In those days, there was 
no tribunal in all California authorized to inflict the 
death penalty. All evidence had to be forwarded to 
Mexico to be judged, and the delays in administration 
had harrowed the souls of the righteous. Now they 
questioned the virtue of public patience. 

On March 30th, the funeral of Felix gathered to- 
gether people from all the surrounding ranches, and 
threats were openly made. Only the wisdom of the 
coolest prevented an immediate attack on the jail. 

On April 1st, the aynntamiento of Los Angeles was 
summoned in extra session to meet the emergency. It 
resolved to organize a large force of citizens to aid 
the authorities in preserving legal order, but one and 
all refused to serve on the force. 

The citizens assembled to discuss the question, and 
decided that as it was Holy Week they would not then 
punish the prisoners. They did not wish " the blood 
of such foul assassins to stain the remembrance of the 
most solemn of tragedies." They resolved to con- 
vene after Easter and decide what was best to be done. 
At dawn, on April 7th, about fifty citizens gathered 
at the home of John Temple, and organized the Junta 
Defensora de la Seguridad Publico-, the committee for 
the defense of public safety. Victor Pruden was 
elected president; Manuel Arzaga, secretary: and 
Francisco Araujo, commander of the armed force. 
Each member of the committee was a member of the 
armed force, and they had gathered whatever imple- 
ments of war could be found in peaceful Los Angeles. 
By two o'clock in the afternoon, the following aeta 
was completed, and a copy of it sent to the alcalde. 
with the demand that the prisoners be delivered up for 
execution within an hour : 

"Sains populi suprema lex est. The subscribing citizens 
at the invitation of the rest, justly indignant at the horrible 
crime committed against Domingo Felix, bearing in mind the 
frequency of similar crimes in this city, and deeming the 
principal cause thereof to be the delay in criminal cases 
through having to await the confirmation of sentences from 
Mexico, fearing for this unhappy country a state of anarchy 
where the right of the strongest shall be the only law. and 
finally believing that immorality has reached such an extreme 
that public security is menaced and will be lost if the dike 
of a solemn example is not opposed to the torrent of atrocious 
perfidy, demand the execution, or the delivery to us for 
immediate execution, of the assassin Gervaise Alipas and the 
faithless Maria del R. Villa, that abominable monster who 
cruelly immolated her importunate husband in order to give 
herself up without fear to her frantic passions, and to pluck 
by homicide from the slime of turpitude the filthy laurel of her 
execrable treason. . . . Let the infernal couple perish. Such 
is the vow of the people, and we protest in the face of heaven 
that we will not lay down the arms with which we support 
the justice of our demand until tile assassins have expiated 
their foul crime. Public vengeance demands a prompt 
example, and it must be given. . . . The world shall I: 
that if in the city of Los Angeles, judges tolerate assays: ' 
there are virtuous citizens who know how to sacr- 
lives in order to save those of their compatriots. . 
to the homicides !" 



January 18, 1904. 

To this document were affixed fifty-five signatures, 
fourteen of foreigners, representing all leading nation- 

At half after two, the junta marched in regular 
armed procession to the neighborhood of the court- 
house and jail. Here the acta was read to the as- 
sembled citizens, and President Prudon made a very 
able address on the rights of citizens when the authori- 
ties fail in administering their duties. 

At three o'clock, a messenger was sent to the alcalde 
to notify him that the hour was up. and that if he did 
not either execute the prisoners immediately, or deliver 
them up to the junta for execution, they would he taken 
by force. The ayuntamicnto was in special session. It 
sent out a committee to reason with the crowd. The 
citizens refused to listen, and demanded the prisoners. 
The ayuntamicnto sent a second committee to argue, 
hut the crowd still declined to receive words. Then 
the ayuntamiento refused to give up the prisoners. 

Upon receiving this message, the junta took charge 
of the pueblo administration. It seized the secretary 
of the ayuntamiento, arrested the regular guards, and 
placed its own men over the prisoners. 

In the meantime, a messenger had been sent to San 
Fernando summoning Padre Cabot, under the pretext 
that an Indian was dying and needed his services. The 
greatest storm of the season was raging, and the padre 
refused to ride out in such weather. A second mes- 
senger received the same refusal. The junta felt that 
it had done its duty in trying to secure the last rites of 
the church for the criminals, and it was not much 
grieved that a death-bed repentance was denied them. 

At half after four, Alipas was led out and shot. The 
shackles on his wrist and ankles were found filed al- 
most oft, and if the junta had not assumed control that 
afternoon, a jail escape might have frustrated its ven- 
geance. At five o'clock, Maria was shot. The bodies 
were exposed at the jail door for two hours, and then 
handed over to the authorities for burial. 

The ayuntamiento feared that there would be much 
disorder resulting, but the junta offered its services as 
guard to help preserve peace. However, with the 
execution of the malefactors, public vengeance was sat- 
isfied, and the excitement subsided. In a few days, the 
junta disbanded, and Los Angeles became quiet. 

On April 26th. it was awakened from its calm. 
Gutierrez, who was acting as governor until the Mexi- 
can appointee should arrive, had received news of the 
junta, and he dispatched orders to the alcalde to have 
the leaders of the " mob " arrested and brought to im- 
mediate trial. Then the citizens of Los Angeles again 
arose. They declared that there had been no leaders, 
and that if one were arrested, all must be. This was 
too great a problem for the alcalde. One prisoner he 
could manage ; or, perhaps, ten ; but a whole pueblo full 
was more than he could undertake, so he sent the gov- 
ernor a list of the names affixed to the acta. 

About the end of the month, the Mexican governor. 
Mariano Chico. arrived at Santa Barbara. One of the 
first stories to reach his ear was that of the junta of 
Los Angeles. He was furious. In the first place, the 
criminal Alipas was a countryman of his: and then this 
was the year 1836. when the recent, events in Texas 
made the Mexicans suspicious of any popular move- 
ment in the frontier California. Being a peppery man, 
addicted to vituperation, he launched forth into a tirade 
againsl the Angelenos, and was for starting out at once 
to punish them. Some level-headed Santa Barbarans 
suggested that it would lie wiser for him to go first to 
Monterey and be invested with the office of governor. 

To the capital he sped, and was installed in office on 
May 3d. His very first public act was to order 
Gutierrez to march to Los Angeles with a troop "to 
quell the disorders." and to imprison the leaders until 
the governor should appear to sentence them. 

The expedition reached Los Angeles about May I2th, 
and found awaiting it the usual open-hearted hospi- 
tality that characterized all California. The Angelenos 
wire so delighted to see their brothers from Monterey 
1 1 1 ; 1 1 they planned dinners, balls, and mcriendas for 
their entertainment, and never a sign of rebellion was 
in the air. Gutierrez felt that he had to do something; 
mi .hi May [8th, Prudon, Arzaga, and Aruajo were 
fed t" await trail before the governor. On May 
28th, Minn- .inn- were seized in twenty-four different 
houses, the hosts assisting in every way. that their 
visitor*, might have some action to report to his ex- 
cellency. Then the troop marched back to the capital 
with the tiding! thai peace reigned in the south. The 
outing •" 1 the state two thousand dollars. 

In June. Chico arrived in Los Angeles to try the 
leaders. In hi- usual style, he talked long and loud, 
hurling the mosl abusive epithets, and threatening the 
gallows. Ili- prisoners were defended by Mariano 
ero, nol 1 lawyer, but one of the most prudent 
citizen- of the pueblo, [lis coolness was more than a 
match for the explosive governor. Soon his excel- 
lency's remarks grew re tolerant, and finally he dis- 

missed the prisoner.- with his pardon and many words 
of advice. 

The fact that tin- first vigilance committee occurred 
.it tin- special lime was a great good for Califor- 
nia, No only rlid it accomplish its immediate purpose 
■1. 'nulling lawlessness, hut it impressed the most in- 
1! governor Mexico ever imposed upon the state 
idea that the pi pic were seeking their inde- 
•1 \ and so excited his fears for his personal 
11 .11 the end of three months in office he fled 
"to get more troops, 1 ' and California saw 
, in"" [Catherine Chandler. 


Russian Table Manners— Tooth-Brush an Object of Amusement— Be- 
ing Shaved by a Murderer — Boiled Fish-Eyes for Break- 
fast — Native Manners and Customs. 

The Russian is the man of the hour. Eastern Asia 
is the centre of world-interest. The two facts give to 
Washington B. Vanderlip's entertaining, veracious, 
and humorous narrative of his wanderings " In Search 
of a Siberian Klondyke " a peculiar interest. 

Mr. Vanderlip is a mining expert, formerly with an 
American gold-mining company operating in Corea. 
When the idea that Siberia might prove another Klon- 
dyke began to spread in the Orient, Mr. Vanderlip 
went to Yladivostock, and was engaged by a Russian 
firm (with the approval and consent of the Russian 
Government) to "prospect" Siberia. His first ob- 
jective point was Southern Kamschatka. and he took 
with him two Corean servants, Kim and Pak. " Kim," 
says Mr. Vanderlip, " could take up four hundred 
pounds of goods and carry them a quarter of a mile 
without resting." He was also " always good natured " 
and " fairly honest." Pak " enjoyed the possession of 
only one eye." This " precious pair " Mr. Vanderlip 
proposed to dress in " civilized clothes." and discovered 
thereby further details about Corean bathing habits. 
He writes : 

When my two proteges came to change Corean dress for 
American it was difficult to tell just where the dress left off 
and the man began. The Corean bathing habits are like those 
of the mediaeval anchorite, and an undergarment, once donned, 
is lost to memory. 

Besides the Corean servants, Mr. Vanderlip engaged 
a Russian secretary and " a young Rusian naturalist 
named Alexander Michaelovitch Yankoffsky." " I had 
my choice," says the author, " of paring it down to 
' Alek,' ' Mike,' or ' Yank,' and while my loyalty to 
Uncle Sam would naturally prompt me to use the last 
of these, I forebore, and Alek he became." 

With these four companions, and supplies (for trad- 
ing and consumption) including one thousand pounds 
of tobacco, twice as much sugar, the same amount of 
brick tea — three-pound bricks, made of the coarsest tea- 
leaves, twigs, dust, dirt, and sweepings, but the kind 
universally used by the Russian peasantry — beads, 
"jewelry," guns, and ammunition, and two tons of 
black bread — " the ordinary hard rye bread of Russia 
that requires the use of a prospecting hammer or the 
butt of a revolver to break it up " — Mr. Vanderlip set 
sail on the regular annual steamer Cosmopolite for 

The first stop was at Saghalien, the convict station. 
Leaving there, with the governor-general, his wife, 
and staff on board, the vessel drove ahead in a dense fog 
at full speed — and next day ran ashore ! Fortunately, 
it was calm. Everybody got ashore and back to Kor- 
sakovsk. " That night I ate my first genuine Russian 
dinner," remarks the author. Here is his valuable note 
on Russian table etiquette : 

In eating, you must reach for what you want. It is very 
seldom that anything is passed during this first stage of a meal. 
You would never suggest to your neighbor on the right to pass 
you the cheese ; but you would rise in your place and, with a 
firm grasp on your knife, reach over his plate and impale 
the tempting morsel. If this is not possible, you leave your 
place and go around the table and secure your loot. 

More about Russo-Siberian eating manners : 

My Russian naturalist. Alek. was a fair sample of an edu- 
cated Russian, and he turned to me and said: 

" I see you eat with a fork." 

" Yes." said I : " and I see that you do not." 

" No ; but I had a sister who studied at an English convent 
in Japan for a year or so. When she came back she ate with 
a fork, but we soon laughed her out of it." 

The end of the Russian knife is broader than the portion 
next to the handle, and it is used both as a knife and as a 
spoon. They complain that the American knives do not 
" hold " enough. 

After this, it is not surprising to hear that " the 
Russians were highly amused " at the author's " use of 
the tooth-brush, which they consider a peculiarly 
feminine utensil." 

While Mr. Vanderlip was at Saghalien, the magis- 
trate told him all about the eight Russian murderers 
who escaped and were landed in San Francisco by a 
whaling vessel, whereat the yellow journals " made 
a great outcry about sending back these innocent poli- 
tical convicts to the horrors of Siberia, while the ladies 
of San Francisco heaped confections and flowers upon 
them." and the authorities declined to give them up. 
Continuing. Mr. Vanderlip quotes the Russian official: 

" But mark the sequel. Within two years all but one of 
those eight men were hung for murder, and the remaining 
one was in prison for life. We appreciate the kindness of the 
United States in relieving us of the support of these crim- 
inals, and she can have all the Russian convicts on the island 
■ if Saghalien if she wants them and welcome." 

Mr. Vanderlip's only notable experience on the con- 
vict island was being shaved by a barber who was a 
common murderer. "The gentle reader can. perhaps, 
imagine my feelings as the keen steel rasped across the 
vicinity of my jugular vein," remarks the author. 

After wading a few days for a fresh steamer, Mr. 
Vanderlip sailed north through the sea of Okhotsk 
to the settlement called Ghijiga, where " the magistrate 
and his assistants, with the aid of twenty Cossacks, 
govern a section of territory as large as Texas and 
New Mexico combined." The author noted that 
among the furnishings of the main room of the magis- 
1 rate's residence were pictures of the Czar and Czarina, 
a sacred icon — and a Singer sewing-machine! 

Striking northward from Ghjiga, into a country in- 
habited by half-breed Russians and Koraks, Mr. Van- 

derlip had many curious experiences. At the village 
of the Chrisoffskys, he was obliged by courtesy to kiss 
each of his host's twelve daughters. (" The old gentle- 
man's wife was fifty-five years old, and was still nurs- 
ing her fifteenth child.") There, too, he breakfasted on 
boiled fish-eyes, considered a great delicacy by the na- 
tives of the Far North. He says: 

When the dish was set before me. and I saw a hundred eyes 
glaring at me from all directions and at all angles, cross, 
squint, and wall, it simply took my appetite away. I had to 
turn them down so the pupil was not visible before I could 
attack them. 

Later, the author had served him " the boiled flesh 
of unborn reindeer," another choice viand among the 
Koraks. At the same place this incident occurred : 

I was greatly surprised to see my Korak host bring out a 
box, from which he produced half a dozen China cups, heavily 
ornamented with gilt, and bearing such legends as " God 
Bless Our Home." " To Father," and " Merry Christmas." He 
must have secured them from an American whaling vessel on 
one of its annual trips to the coast. So in the midst of the 
wilderness. I drank my tea from a fine mustache cup. ori- 
ginally designed to make the recipient " Remember Me." 

Space forbids our following Mr. Vanderlip in his 
wanderings (unfortunately, entirely fruitless) over 
North-Eastern Siberia — scaling mountains, floating on 
rafts down strange, swift rivers, driving dog sleds, or 
reindeer, over wind-swept tundras with the ther- 
mometer forty degrees below zero, or picking a tor- 
tuous way over the hummock ice of the sea. However, 
here is one odd incident : 

Myela led us before night to a Korak village of three 
yottrtas. As we approached I saw a woman lying on a deer- 
skin, apparently dying. ... I gave her twenty grains of 
quinine, two cathartic pills, and one-tenth grain of morphine. 
She woke up next morning with her eyes brighter, and feeling 
better in every way. ... I thought her cure was something 
of a triumph, for when I saw her she seemed to be in articitto 
mortis. As I was about to leave, the husband of this woman, 
a' man of many reindeer, asked me if I had not forgotten 
something, and intimated that I had not paid for the meat 
that my dogs had eaten. I asked him if he did not think my 
curing of his wife was compensation enough ; nevertheless I 
paid him his full price, and departed. My Korak men told me 
later that the old fellow was angry because I had saved the 
woman, as he had already picked out a young and pretty girl 
to be her successor. 

Mr. Vanderlip found the natives of the region he 
visited very friendly, and only once or twice did he 
have to use force or to administer deserved punish- 
ment. And the one time that he " got hot " at Pak. 
the Corean's, voracity, when the party were all on short 
rations, proved a rather unpleasant episode : 

That day I discovered some crumbs of bread in Pak's beard, 
and investigation showed that he had been making a square 
meal of a large portion of our remaining small stock of bread. 
It may be pardoned me under the circumstances that f drew 
oft" and hit him a good shoulder blow in the left eye. which 
felled him to the ground. This proved to be an unfortunate 
form of punishment, for he was the Corean who possessed 
only one good eye, and that was good no longer. My anger, 
righteous though it may have been, turned instantly to 
solicitude. I blamed myself without measure for my hasty 
action, went into camp and founded a hospital on the spot. 
For the next twenty-four hours all my energies and resources 
were centred on that unhappy eye. I can truly say I never 
hit anything since without first making sure that the object 
of my punishment had a spare eye. To my vast relief the eye 

After fourteen months' wandering with native Si- 
berians and Coreans as his only company, Mr. Van- 
derlip thus describes his return to civilization: 

I found that half a dozen of the officers and men of the 
steamer which my employers had sent for me had come to 
hunt me up. Never have I seen such a glorious sight as those 
well-dressed men and those loaded horses. The captain dis- 
mounted and I tried to address him in Russian, but lie said: 
" You forget that I speak English." Now it may seem scarcely 
credible, and yet it is true, that for a few moments, I was 
totally unable to converse with him in my native tongue. I 
had not used a word of it in conversation for months, and my 
low physical condition acting on my nerves, confused my 
mind, and I spoke a jumble of English. Russian, and Korak. 
It was a week before I could talk good, straight English 
again. . . . My clothes were in rags, my weight had fallen 
from one hundred and sixty to one hundred and fifteen pounds, 
my beard was unkempt, my boots were in shreds. 

Such was the end of the search by land for a Si- 
berian Klondyke. " Though there may be gold within 
the radius that I covered." declares the author, " I 
satisfied myself that there were no extensive 
auriferous deposits on the streams flowing into the 
Okhotsk Sea near its head, nor in the beach sands 
along the shore of the Bering Sea, south of the 
Anadgr River." 

The book is illustrated with many photographs by 
the author. He was assisted in the work of writing it 
by Homer B. Hulbert. 

Published by the Century Company, New- York. 

Mrs. Alexander Sullivan, whose death in Chicago 
was recently announced, was one of the few really 
successful women journalists in the United States. 
During Charles A. Dana's lifetime she was a frequent 
contributor to the New York Sun, and was formerly an 
editorial writer on the Chicago Times. In 1889, Mrs. 
Sullivan was sent to Paris to describe the opening 
events of the Universal Exposition. When she ar- 
rived in Paris she found the accommodations for the 
press exhausted. Mrs. Sullivan went to the French 
ministry for assistance, and, being refused, quickly 
wrote out two telegrams in the presence of the min- 
ister, one addressed to Secretary of State James G. 
Blaine and the other to the president of the Associated 
Press. In the first she said that France did not wish 
the patronage of the United States in furthering the 
exposition, and in the second she said that the French 
authorities were trying to withhold the news of the 
opening of the exposition from the American public. 
The minister read the cablegrams, and promptly or- 
dered everything she desired given her. 

January i8, 1904. 




Local Authors and Representative Men Name the 

Books, Read in 1903, that Gave Them 

Most Pleasure. 

With a view to ascertaining, with some de- 
gree of accuracy, what books — among the 
thousands, ancient and modern, upon the 
shelves — those people whose opinions count 
for something find most to their liking, the 
Argonaut has addressed to a number of 
representative Californians. especially to those 
literarily inclined, this question: 

What two books, that you read during 
190$. proved most interesting and pleasur- 
able ? 

The answers received at this writ- 
ing from those to whom the question 
was addressed certainly make interesting 
reading. They indicate, at least, that 
the novel is not so tremendously in the 
ascendant with cultured readers as some 
would have us believe ; that old books are not 

being utterly eclipsed by new ; that But 

let the letters speak for themselves. 

W. C. Morrow, one of the most capable 
and successful of California's short-story 
writers, replies : 

Unfortunately, I had time to read but one 
book last year. That was one by Joseph Con- 
rad, a remarkable figure in literature. Hence 
I am, with regret, unable to comply with your 

It was Dr. Johnson, we believe, who once 
asked some one's opinion of a certain book, 
and when the some one timidly replied that 
he had not read it. thundered forth : " Sir, 
that itself is an opinion." So Mr. Morrow's 
reply is certainly an opinion — perhaps acute 

No one else confesses to having read only 
one book, but Donald de V. Graham, the well- 
known singer and clubman, admits that he has 
" read nothing of current literature," and con- 
tinues : 

What little time I have to read is taken up 
with either memoirs or books that I have 
neglected in earlier life; however, the two 
books, read in 1903. that gave me most 
pleasure and interest, were two volumes of 
Maeterlinck's plays. and the Spectator, 
written by Addison and Steele, published in 

The Spectator is indeed scarcely current 
literature, but even older books than that 
which contains Addison's inimitable essays 
are on the list of 1903's " favorites." For 
Bruce Porter, poet, ex-editor of the Lark, and 
clubman, replies: 

The " Pentateuch " — with reference to re- 
cent critical comment — and on the other side 
of things, perhaps the re-reading of " The 
Morgersons " (that crude and powerful 
American novel), by Elizabeth Stoddard — or 
— at the extreme modernity — certain stories 
in the volume. " The Better Sort," by Henry 
James — these last for their perfect craftsman- 

Still another correspondent — John Fleming 
Wilson — reaches into the " dark backward 
and abysm of time " for the book that has 
given him most pleasure and profit — though 
we strongly suspect a jest. He writes: 

In answer to your polite inquiry as to what 
two books I have read this past year with 
most profit and enjoyment. I beg diffidently 
to hedge on the question of profit, and 
acknowledge with gratitude the happiness 
given me by Joseph Conrad's " Falk, and 
Other Stories." and Ella Higginson's " Ma- 
rtella of Out West." If you insist on pleas- 
ure and profit — a mechanical mixture — permit 
me to say: I honestly admit that "Deuter- 
onomy " and A. W. E. Mason's " Four Feath- 
ers " have put money in my mental purse, 
and thereby given me the pleasure of being, 
possibly, a little wiser — or less exiguous of 

It is worthy of note that two writers of 
short stories (Mr. Wilson and Mr. Morrow) 
both pay tribute to the genius of the short- 
story writer. Conrad. He is the only author 
mentioned twice — with one exception. That 
exception is Jack London's " Call of the 
Wild." which is named by Horace Piatt, to- 
gether with Buell's " Life of Paul Jones," 
and by Charles D wight Willard, journalist 
and author, together with Miss Jane Addams's 
" Democracy and Social Ethics." 

The longest letter, and certainly the most 
entertaining of all, comes from that veteran 
youth, that untamed, unaged, time-uncon- 
quered poet. Joaquin Miller. Here it is: 

The Heights, Dimond, Cal., 

January 10, 1904. 

Editors Argonaut : Answering your re- 
quest of the fifth instant : I heard it told at 
the Savage Club, London, that Whistler, the 
great and good American Whistler, in answer- 
ing the annual question of the Academy, as 
to which two books of the year yielded him 
the greatest pleasure, said he had read but 
one, but that he hoped soon to read another, 
and that one other would be the second 
edition of " The Gentle Art of Making 
Enemies," by James McNeill Whistler. I 
did not see this in print, but I believe it to 
be a True Bill. 

This story was club currency about the time 
of his great legal battle with Ruskin, yet I 
had the audacity to ask the renowned dis- 
coverer of Turner why he had not, like 
Whistler, preferred his own latest book to 
either a French or a German publication of 
the year. I do not recall his answer. It 
must have been pointless or evasive, else it 

had been remembered, even as all that 
Whistler said or did in those better days of 
the giants is remembered to this day. 

But the two books that I read and liked 
best of all the thousands put forth in 1903? 
Well, they are both San Francisco books. 
The better of the two is a poem by George 
Sterling, called " The Testimony of the Suns." 
It is nobler, better, than either Dante or 
Milton ; more inspiring and healthier. Damn 
men who dig holes in this beautiful earth 
to make hells to be filled with hates and 
harms. But Sterling walks God's garden of 
stars. Ambrose Bierce, to whom the book is 
dedicated, discovered Sterling. In doing so 
he did more for us all than the man who 
discovered the Sterling Mines of the Corn- 
stock. I used to wonder what on earth Bierce 
was ever born for. I know now. 

The other book ? Well, the other book that 
gave me the greatest pleasure is called " As 
It Was in the Beginning," and you will find 
the writer's name at the end of this screed. 
It also is a poem — penned with a purpose. It 
of course has been abused, as was expected ; 
but it will last and last, and will do good 
because it was needed. The average man is 
a dog, so far as his relations with women 
go. He is a monster that should be put with 
the extinct animals. The book is for him, 
with my compliments. Joaquin Miller. 

The opinions of librarians who handle 
hundreds of books yearly ought to be rather 
interesting. Librarian George T. Clark, of 
the San Francisco Public Library, " recalls 
no two with greater pleasure than Charles 
Wagner's ' Simple Life ' and John Fiske's 
' Mississippi Valley in the Civil War.' " 
Librarian W. R. Williams, of the Mercantile 
Library, expresses his preference for David 
Graham Phillips's " Master Rogue " and 
Thomas E. Watson's " Life of Thomas Jeffer- 

The opinions of university presidents, like 
those of librarians, ought to be especially 
interesting, but Dr. Jordan, we believe, is on 
the other side of the continent, and Dr. 
Wheeler is non-committal. He writes: 

The letter of January 4th has just come 
into my hands, inquiring what two books I 
have read with the most interest during the 
past year. It is a question, I find, which 
will require considerable reflection before I 
can answer. One trouble is that I have read 
very few books, and those not typical ones ; 
i. e., not selected because they are in the 
current of common interest. I think some one 
who has more time for general reading than 
I have is a vastly more interesting sub- 
ject for questioning. I shall turn the matter 
over in my mind, and hope that I can give you 
later an answer. 

Gwendolen Overton, author of the two 
highly successful novels, "The Heritage of 
Unrest " and "Anne Carmel," replies: 

I fear I can hardly tell you of two books 
of the year which I have enjoyed, since my 
reading of the new books is limited. Brooks's 
" Social Unrest " and " Lady Rose's Daugh- 
ter " (could the second portion thereof be 
obliterated from my mind) have probably in- 
terested me above any others. 

The two books named by Charles Webb 
Howard are " The Life and Letters of Thomas 
Henry Huxley," by his son ; and " The Earth 
as Modified by Human Action," by George P. 
Marsh — two widely diverse but notable works. 

To summarize : In all, twenty-seven books 
were mentioned, of which ten were not 
" hooks of the year." The novel was repre- 
sented six times — by A. E. W. Mason's " Four 
Feathers." Elizabeth Stoddard's " The Mor- 
gersons," Ella Higginson's " Mariella of Out 
West," David Graham Phillips's " Master 
Rogue," Emile Zola's " Fecondite." and Mrs. 
Humphry Ward's " Lady Rose's Daughter." 
Fiction that could scarcely be catalogued 
under " novels " was further represented by 
Joseph Conrad's short stories (twice men- 
tioned), Henry James's book of short stories, 
" The Better Sort," and Jack London's dog- 
story, " The Call of the Wild." Drama ap- 
pears once with Maeterlinck's plays, and 
Joaquin Miller saved the day for poetry, men- 
tioning his own, " As It Was in the Begin- 
ning," and George Sterling's just-published 
" The Testimony of the Suns." Essay is 
represented only by the widely separated (in 
time and nature) Spectator of Addison and 
Steele and Charles Wagner's " Simple Life." 
We scarcely know whether to rank Alfred 
Russel Wallace's " Man's Place in the Uni- 
verse," under philosophy or science, but Tol- 
stoy's "What is Art?" certainly belongs un- 
der philosophy rather than under arts. His- 
tory is represented only by John Fiske's 
" Mississippi Valley in the Civil War," but 
biography, which is history's cousin, appears 
four times : Buell's " Life of Paul Jones," 
Thomas E. Watson's " Life of Thomas Jeffer- 
son," John Morley's ** Life of Gladstone," and 
" The Life and Letters of Thomas Henry' 
Huxley." by his son. Remain only two 
works on economics — John Graham Brook's 
" Social Unrest " and Jane Addams's 
" Democracy and Social Ethics " — one work 
on science — "The Earth as Modified by 
Human Action " — and the Pentateuch and 
Deuteronomy, which may be classified under 
history or theology, as the reader feels in- 

Since the above was put in type, more 
highly interesting letters have been received 
— from Charles F. Lummis, Governor George 
C. Pardee. Charles Keeler, Professor Charles 
Mills Gayley, Charles Fleming Embree, and 
others. We reserve them for still another 


Large Audiences Greet Her — Pictures of Her Libel- 
ous— Few Fine Qualities of Her Voice Pre- 
served—Her Coquettish Exits. 

At sixty years of age — how she must hate 
that familiar phrase ! — Adelina Patti is at- 
tracting audiences almost equal in size to 
those she drew on her first tour hither, some 
twenty years ago. The younger generation 
have been taken to her concerts in great num- 
bers, doubtless that they might be able, in 
future years, to boast of having seen and 
heard the great diva, Adelina Patti, one of 
the notable figures of the nineteenth century ; 
a woman whose name and fame will be more 
widely heralded in the records of our time 
than that of many monarchs and statesmen. 
Those who have seen and been shocked by 
the libelous cuts of her in the shop-windows 
about town, may draw a breath of relief. In 
appearance, while she scarcely looks younger, 
she carries her age more gracefully. In fact, 
it would seem to an outsider the better policy 
for her management to have had genuine 
photographs of her struck off and exhibited 
as guaranteed portraits of a recent date. 
Intense curiosity is felt as to the survival of 
Patti's personal attractions : a curiosity al- 
most equaling the interest that is felt in the 
preservation of her voice. The verdicts of 
the. press would bewilder any one but a 
journalist, varying as they do from a 
cataclysm of intemperate eulogy to un- 
stinted reprobation. The most reasonable 
comments are those that deplore the enter- 
prise that encourages a great artist to dim, for 
commercial reasons, the proud lustre of a 
renown that is more than forty years old. 

For Patti is no longer a great singer. Her 
upper middle register is still in a state of 
remarkable preservation, considering her 
age; but, in spite of the transposition to a 
lower key of certain songs, her higher notes 
are reached with effort, the matchless spon- 
taneity and elasticity of delivery, so no- 
ticeable in her days of glory, being practically 
extinct. Those famous upper notes have ac- 
quired a sharp, metallic quality, the vet- 
eran singer showing a lack of ease while in 
those upper altitudes, and a desire speedily to 
quit such dangerous localities. In long sus- 
tained notes, occasional breaks are notice- 
able, due to shortness of breath, and her up- 
ward runs are no longer clearly defined. The 
close observer will note, too, an occasional 
tendency to wheeze. All this is what might 
be expected. 

A woman of forty-five, who preserves, in 
major portion, the finer qualities of her voice, 
is in great good luck; and we must not for- 
get that Patti has reached an age that is ab- 
solute death to beauty of vocalization. At 
present, she is a human curio, presenting an 
unexampled instance of what perpetual care 
and extreme musical intelligence may do for 
the partial preservation of a naturally perfect 

There are still echoes of the past in her 
voice, and she is sufficiently aware of the 
defects thrust upon her by the inexorable 
years to give selections that call for volume 
rather than ease of execution, and the 
bravura for which she was formerly unex- 

To the discerning eye, even in the favor- 
ing twilight of the dimly lit stage. Patti 
is a woman of sixty. A tolerant or un- 
formed judgment might allow her to pass for 
forty-five, but although her face is not deeply 
lined, its contour is marred and broken, and 
her once large and lustrous eyes are shrunken 
and dimmed. Her auburn hair — it was for- 
merly black — is elaborately dressed. Her 
figure is pretty well preserved, although it 
has acquired a matronly plumpness about the 
hips. Her gestures are still those of a merry 
soubrette, but her gait is tamed to a more 
subdued pace than we remember. 

It is in her stage demeanor that Patti is 
entirely unchanged. She was always wont to 
become expansively demonstrative under 
the exhilaration of a prolonged ovation. 
Whether this was a mere pose, or 
genuine delight, the public has had no 
means of discovering, but generally took it 
for what it seemed to be. and was given to in- 
crease its demonstrations as Patti increased 
hers. She gives " Comin' Through the Rye " 
with a coquettish inflection, and sings 
" All the Lads They Smile At Me " in a 
petted, babyish tone that almost descends to 
speech. On Thursday night, she added the 
spoken comment, " Of course they do," fling- 
ing the while, at those in the forward rows, 
a coquettish glance, which every man within 
eye-shot promptly absorbed for himself, and 
no doubt went home and bragged about. 

Patti ambles off the stage with the good old 
traditional Italian canter, picking up her 
skirts with both hands and returning with an 
arch, admonitory finger-shake and a de- 
lightedly remonstrant look, as if she were 
saying " Naughty, naughty !" Those who 
have seen her kiss Arditi in past years, after 
singing " II Bacio," doubtless were reminded 
of that frequently repeated episode by Patti's 
action toward the singers who succeeded her 
on the programme, and who were obliged to 
back off the stage to make way for her recalls. 
Patti ran to them, patted them on the shoul- 
ders, and grasped their hands with effusive 

cordiality. All this merry pantomime delights 
her audiences, seeming to them the spon- 
taneous outpouring of an ever-fresh delight; 
as. indeed, perhaps it is. in spite of its being 
the many thousandth repetition. 

Patti's agreement with her managers is that 
she shall sing one number at the end of each 
of the two parts of the programme, and give 
three additional encores, which almost in- 
variably turn out to be our old friends 
" Robin Adair," " Home. Sweet Home." and 
" Comin' Through the Rye." besides a very 
tame and sugary farewell ditty composed 
especially for this tour. The two other num- 
bers at the first concert were " Voi che 
sapete " and the jewel song from "Faust"; 
at the second they were " Angels Ever Bright 
and Fair," Gounod's " Sing, Smile, Slumber," 
and Schubert's Serenade. On this occasion 
she handsomely threw in an extra encore, thus 
giving six selections all told. 

Patti rightly economizes her vocal volume 
by singing with piano accompaniment only ; 
but she is supported by a competent company 
of instrumentalists and vocalists, whose 
abilities have not been so overshadowed by 
the occasion that they failed to receive their 
due meed of appreciation. J. H. P. 


Opinions of the Press. 

Herald, City of Mexico : 

Spain will never cease to be a land of in- 
terest to travelers; some of the very best 
books of travel have been written of that 
country, and from the days of Richard Ford 
and George Borrow, and that great word- 
painter, Theophile Gautier, to the present 
time. Spanish ways and manners, " cosas de 
Espana." have found competent and en- 
thusiastic chroniclers. Recently. a new 
edition of the Hon. John Hay's " Castilian 
Days " has been printed, for the public never 
wearies of reading about the land of the 
Cid, of Cervantes, and of the Philips. 

One of the very' best hooks on modern 
Spain that has appeared for many a day is 
Jerome Hart's " Two Argonauts in Spain." 
published by Payot. Upham & Co.. San Fran- 
cisco. It is a handsome and well illustrated 
volume of two hundred and fifty-six pages, 
on excellent paper. The type is large and is 
specially' designed for fine book-work. 

Our author has much to say of the Spanish 
newspapers, whose name is legion : " If it 
be true, as commonly said, that most of the 
Spanish people can not read, it is marvelous 
how many newspapers are printed in Spain. 
They seem like the sands of the sea — or. 
rather, like autumn leaves." The whole press 
of Spain is passed in review by Mr. Hart, 
the capitally illustrated weekly papers, often 
most artistic, and. in some cases, noted for 
excellent color work. Neither society nor 
hull-fight papers are omitted. The Heraldo 
of Madrid prints 40,000.000 copies yearly, 
consuming 2.000 tons of paper. The very 
enterprising Liberal publishes simultaneously 
editions in Madrid. Seville. Barcelona. Malaga, 
Cadiz, and Santander ! 

Theatres, bull-rings, and the curious pro- 
cessional carriage parade (as we have it in 
Mexico) arc all noted, and many a vivid pic- 
ture is given in paragraphs that will linger in 
the mind. Mr. Hart is at his happiest, and he 
is never dull, in Andalusia. His descriptions 
of Cordova. Granada, and Seville are bright 
and full of novel points, for he is an observant 
and most modern traveler. He is appreciative, 
as " The Pessimist in Spain " was not. and he 
makes you see things as if you were his for- 
tunate companion. In Seville, " a rich and 
luxurious city." although one of narrow and 
labyrinthine streets, he was struck by the 
club windows flush upon the footway: 

Here members can survey the street at their 
leisure, and the man in the street can survey the 
members at his ease. In the windows of the richly 
furnished clubs on the Sierpes, for example, one 
sees the members lounging, drinking, smoking, 
chatting — among them many officers, who in Spain 
seem to have more time than anything else. On a 
street only a few yards wide such an array puts the 
club members almost out in the street. Its effect 
in mediaeval Spain, where all the other houses 
arc barred and bolted like fortresses, is even the 
more singular. 

The price of this book is $2.00 gold, and 
it is worth more money. 

San Francisco Wasp: 

" Two Argonauts in Spain," by Jerome Hart, 
is the fruit of a flying trip through Spain, 
entering it from Southern France. . . . The 
book is certainly unhackneyed, and not the 
usual commonplace narrative so often found 
in hooks of travel. The volume has been 
printed by the Argonaut Press, and every 
care has been lavished on its production. As 
a piece of local book-making, the craft here 
may well take pride in it. 

Payot, Upham & Co., publishers, 
cisco ; illustrated. 



January 18, 1904. 


Two Books on Spain. 

For some years there has been a plentiful 
lack of contemporary books about Spain. 
Any one interested in the subject could find 
many books, but they dated back all the way 
from twenty to sixty years. Although Spain 
is said to be an unchanging land, this is not 
strictly true, and the lack of works by re- 
cent writers has seemed rather odd, in this 
day of making many books. 

Within the past few years, however, there 
has been a recrudescence of book-making 
about Spain. Two notable recent books are 
"The Land of the Dons" and "Toledo and 
Madrid." both by the same author. Leonard 
Williams, formerly London Times correspon- 
dent at Madrid. Mr. Williams thoroughly 
knows his Spain, as well as his Spanish. He 
has lived so long in " The Land of the Dons " 
that he prefaces that book with an affectionate 
dedication in Spanish to his " good friends 
and adopted fellow-countrymen, the Span- 
iards," dating it from a swell club in Ma- 

Of the two books, "The Land of the 
Dons " is the more interesting as taking a 
wider range. It discusses the historical, 
geographical, and ethnological phases of the 
peninsula and its dwellers ; it gives a chapter 
devoted to a day in the life of a middle-class 
family ; it discusses manners and customs, 
literature, popular songs, the national feasts, 
the legal, political, and bureaucratic sides of 
Spanish life. The most novel feature in the 
hook is the portion devoted to the bull-fight. 
The author gives three long chapters to this 
national sport of Spain. We have seen much 
" fine writing " and " word-painting " in the 
works of Gautier or De Amicis ; we have 
seen much moralizing in the works of lesser 
writers — generally Anglo-Saxon ; but never 
have we seen in English such a minute and 
thorough account — from the historical, the 
social, and the technical standpoints — of the 
national sport of Spain. In fact, never before 
have we seen anything concerning the 
taurine sport quite so detailed, unless it be 
in the bull-fighting journals of Madrid. This 
part of the book is illustrated with numerous 
photographs (by the author) of scenes in the 
bull-ring, including some cstocadas — scientific 
sword-thrusts. There are also portraits of 
several of the great men who honor Spain 
by killing her bulls. The other illustrations 
are numerous, most of them being from photo- 
graphs by the author. He also discusses the 
pelota games scientifically and technically ; 
these descriptions are also supplemented by 
portraits of the pelotaris. or players of that 
remarkable game. 

The author's companion volume. " Toledo 
and Madrid," is narrower in its range, but is 
none the less interesting. Nearly one-half 
of the space is given to Toledo, its history 
and its legends. Madrid is discussed his- 
torically under the Hapsburgs and under the 
Bourbons; the old Madrid of the Moorish 
limes and the new Madrid of the post-re- 
publican epoch. This book also is profusely 
illustrated, containing architectural studies 
of mediaeval and Moorish buildings in Toledo 
and Madrid ; doorways, knockers, tombs, 
bridges, and bells, together with reproductions 
of a certain number of paintings from the 
■ Kscorial and other great Spanish galleries. 
of these illustrations are half-tone re- 
productions from photographs by the author. 
Some of them are " drawings by the author," 
and these latter had better have been left out. 
A bad photograph is pretty bad, but a bad 
drawing is worse. 

Both of these books arc very handsomely 
printed and richly bound. 

Published by Cassell & Co., London; $4.00 

The Development of a Girl's Character. 

w and lengthy novel from the pen of 
Nathaniel Stephenson, author of " The Bcauti- 
ml Mrs. Moulton," develops on perusal into 
a leisurely study of character. " Eleanor 
Dayton " has for its heroine a woman of thai 
name of remarkable beauty, who starts lif-- 
under brilliant auspices, and who has ample 
Opportunity, 'luring a girlhood surrounded 
with adulation, to develop into an unscrupu- 
lous coquette. 

The reader is apt to begin the story with 
anticipations that may not be realiz-*! for 
its opening scene is lair] a) Paris, in the bril- 
liant salon of St. Antoinc, the painter, who 
has just fompleted a striking portrait of Elea- 
nor. Thither comes as a guesl tin- third Ma- 
hn, struck by the beauty of the por- 
its subject, distinguishes Eleanor by 

nt is effectively told. yet. is. after 

■ a striking incident in a quiet tale of 

life of a family placed by birth and 

fortune among the best class of Americans. 
As will be seen from Napoleon's brief ap- 
pearance, the earlier events of the story ante- 
date the Civil War. which, toward the close 
of the book, exercises a tragic influence on 
some of the destinies concerned in the story. 

"Eleanor Dayton " is a good deal of a de- 
parture from the style of " The Beautiful 
Mrs. Moulton," which, in spite of its Duchess- 
like title, is a cleverly told story of the social 
fevers and financial extravagances engendered 
by the kind of lives the wealthy lead in the 
great American cities. 

In " Eleanor Dayton," the author seems to 
have had in view a narrative of the develop- 
ment of a girl's character and destiny in which 
shall be set forth in quiet, natural sequence, 
many of the major and minor happenings in 
family and social life which set in motion 
influences that tend to sway the pendulum of 

It would seem as if Mr. Stephenson wrote 
the book in a mood to decry sensationalism, 
and the adventitious aids derived from spectac- 
ular heroic qualities in his characters. Rather 
has he aimed to treat of the essential virtues 
that bind kindred together in amity, and of 
the traditions, beliefs, customs, and hospi- 
talities of a prosperous, dignified, conserva- 
tive family, embracing in its immediate circle 
of friends and kinsmen the usual number of 
young, ardent, expectant souls that see life 
opening before them. 

The result is a somewhat devious, but at- 
tractively told, narrative, full of wholesome 
sentiment, and pleasantly pervaded by the lin- 
gering heart-warmth which should of neces- 
sity attach to tales of this kind. 

The events of the story are not very closely 
knitted together, and the seeker after myste- 
ries, marvels, and other strange gods will 
find little to attract him. The readers who 
will particularly find the book to their Hieing 
are those who have a fancy for novels which 
treat of an earlier phase of American social 
life, which has now become old-fashioned and 
almost passed away. 

Published by John Lane, New York; $1.50. 

A Northern View of Southern Conditions. 

A book that touches upon many questions 
that are now occupying public attention is 
" The Widow in the South," a small volume 
containing a collection of letters written dur- 
ing a trip through the South, by Teresa Dean. 
Mrs. Dean, who is a member of the editorial 
staff of the New York Town Topics, and 
whose usual signature is " The Widow," had 
undertaken this trip during the excitement 
occasioned by President Roosevelt's appoint 
ment of Dr. Crum to the position of collector 
of the port of Charleston. She went with the 
idea of obtaining as thorough an insight into 
Southern conditions and Southern sentiment 
as could be gained in a trip of a few months' 

One can scarcely say that her resultant de- 
ductions are of any particular value ; the 
writer, indeed, finding herself in some cases 
so swayed by the conflicting testimony of 
opposite sides that she fails to draw any. 
There is, too, of necessity, a superficiality of 
views on the conditions as presented. 

Nevertheless, the book is well worth read- 
ing, on account of the sidelights thrown on 
the negro character, and on the question of 
disenfranchisement of the colored race. Those 
who are particularly interested in Senator 
Carmack's proposed bill to repeal the Fif- 
teenth Amendment will find the book very 
timely reading; and, since it takes up at some 
length the subject of child-labor in the South 
Carolina cotton mills and the condition of 
the " poor whites," those readers of " The 
Woman Who Toils " — a recent and most 
striking contribution to sociological literature, 
by Mrs. and Miss Van Vorst — will not fail to 
find matter for further interest in Mxs. 
Dean's account of conditions affecting white 
labor in the factories. 

The writer shows some tendency to be par- 
tisan in her views, being apparently very 
much influenced by the sentiments of her 
Southern friends. This defect, however, is 
almost in the nature of a virtue, since it en- 
ables the reader in some degree to approxi- 
mate the Southerner's point of view. 

" The Widow in the South " is very inter- 
estingly written, with a choice of subject, 
and perspicuity and directness of style, that 
belong rather to the male than to the female 

Published by the Smart Set Publishing Com- 
pany. New York. 

Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
It is reported from London that General 
Weyler will shortly publish a book entitled 
"My Military and Political Campaign in 
Cuba." Two interesting chapters will be 
headed, " My Project for Landing in United 

States Territory " and " Reasons Why I Was 
Obliged to Abandon the Project." 

Of interest in connection with W. B. 
Yeats's visit here is the announcement of a 
new volume, by Horatio Sheape Krans, en- 
titled " William Butler Yeats and the Irish 
Literary Revival." 

Henry Harland is a cosmopolitan of cos- 
mopolitans. He was born in Russia, educated 
in various lands, and now divides his time be- 
tween England, Italy, and America. 

Hermann Sudermann is planning a long 
visit to Japan. 

An observing bookman with a taste for 
statistics has been looking up the subj ect 
of Christmas book selling, and declares in 
the Academy and Literature that Christmas 
sales of Stevenson have fallen off greatly ; 
that, among the classics, Lord Lytton is abso- 
lutely dead, and that Bryon is not even kept 
in stock in many book shops. Browning and 
Omar Khayyam are the favorite poets for 
Christmas presents, and among standard nov- 
els, Dickens and Jane Austen lead. Here is 
material for the men who have to reason 

On the heels of the statement concerning 
the decrease in Stevenson's sales, comes 
Clement Shorter's heresy in a recent lecture: 
" Stevenson had nothing new to tell the 
world," said Mr. Shorter, " and, therefore, he 
was not, is not, of the immortals." 

Alfred Ollivant is said to have a " literary 
conscience " and to cultivate it at the expense 
of his own pocket-book. He was not satisfied 
with " Danny " when he wrote it, and less 
satisfied with it later. Although, according 
to the publishers, the book sold well, he in- 
sisted that it was not worthy. He has pur- 
chased all copies in 'the hands of the pub- 
lishers, together with the plates, and has 
destroyed them. 

It is said that Mrs. George Madden Martin 
put in three years at hard and faithful study 
of child psychology before beginning her book, 
" Emmy Lou." 

Eight new letters of Dr. Samuel Johnson 
have been discovered and published in Lon- 

John Lane will publish shortly a new il- 
lustrated edition of " The Defence of Guene- 
vere," by William Morris, with title-page, 
cover design, and upwards of fifty drawings, 
by Jessie M. King. 

It is reported from London that Mr. Swin- 
burne is now strong enough after his recent 
illness to resume his literary work, and that 
he has in hand a new volume of poems, and 
has been preparing a collected edition of all 
his verse. 

As was to be expected, the situation in the 
Far East has stimulated the demand for books 
treating of Japan. There are several up-to- 
date works on this subject, such as Mr. 
Browuell's " The Heart of Japan," Mr. Cle- 
ment's " Handbook of Modern Japan," and 
Dr. Sydney L. Gulick's " Evolution of the 

The enemies of M. de Blowitz were always 
fond of declaring that he had no right to the 
aristocratic particle ; that he was really the 
son of a Hebrew grocer named Oppert in the 
Bohemian village of Blowitz. According to 
the London Chronicle, some one has made 
the discovery that the Chateau Blowitz,- in 
which the noted journalist claimed to have 
been born, and which he maintained had 
long been the seat of his noble ancestors, has 
been in the possession of the high-born 
Kolowrat family for more than two hundred 
years. In 1872, it is stated, it was left by 
the late Count Hans Kolowrat to his nephew, 
Count Palffy. 

A stepson of A. W. Pinero, the dramatist, 
is about to make his debut in authorship. 
He has written a book on Corea, having spent 
a year in the country, and made there and at 
home an exhaustive study of his subject. 

A special interest attaches to a volume 
which is soon to appear in England under the 
title of " Bentonville from Within." It is 
the work of one who has, through no desire 
of his own. made acquaintance with the in- 
side of Bentonville Prison, England. 

Senator Beveridge. whose book, " The Rus- 
sian Advance," has all the advantage that 
timeliness can' give it, enjoyed exceptional 
opportunities for the study of Russian and 
Japanese relations. He is said to be the only 
foreigner intent upon study who ever went 
through Manchuria with the knowledge and 
sanction of the Russian Government. He met 
and interviewed all the leading men of both 
China and Japan. 

I f we please you, tell 
others, if we don't, tell us. 

Hirsch & Kaiser, 

7 Kearny St. 



Reviewed In the Argonaut can be 
obtained at 


126 Post Street 


Two Argonauts in Spain 


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hundred and seventy pages and Index. Six- 
teen full-page half-tone plates ; illustrations 
and facsimiles in the text; colored map of 
Spain. Cloth binding, with stamp on side 
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Price to Argonaut subscribers, SI. 50; by 
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January 18, 1904. 




A Socialist, a Woman and an M. P. 

" The House on the Sands," a title sug- 
gestive of a mysterious crime, or a detective 
story, is in reality a brilliant novel of .En- 
glish political life, by Charles Marriott, author 
of " The Column." 

Mr. Marriott is a writer of much greater 
intellectual depth than the usual run of nov- 
elists, and shows in this, his latest book, a 
profound interest in, and acquaintance with, 
the commercial policy of England, and the 
home government's administration of colonial 
affairs, and similar questions. His book, in- 
deed, gives evidence of a very thorough grasp 
of many subjects of state policy which are 
usually banished from fiction, but which are 
here brought forward in connection with the 
political career of the hero. Godfrey Julian 
is a member of Parliament, who foresees in 
the control of shipping activities by Ameri- 
can capital, a future menace to British pres- 
tige. He becomes the author of a shipping bill 
which advocates the imperial ownership of 
merchant and passenger vessels. Through the 
violent opposition of the shipping interest, 
Julian becomes a target for public and private 
interest and animosity, and tastes the bitter 
draught which is awarded the statesman who 
works for the abstract good of his country. 

The reader is introduced into Parliament, 
listens to a speech or so, and becomes a wit- 
ness to brief discussions by the leading char- 
acters of the book upon such subjects as the 
American coal strike, the Atlantic shipping 
combination, and the imperial federation ot 
the colonies. 

The author, however, has not allowed these 
political aspects of his novel to interfere with 
the working out of his main plot. The story 
is of a serious nature, its principal charac- 
ters people of exceptional ability and intel- 
lectual distinction, and its love-theme closely 
interwoven with the political career of the 

The woman he loves, in her intellectually 
precocious girlhood, has sacrificed her repu- 
tation, although not her purity, for a social- 
istic principle, having elected to live without 
marriage in intellectual companionship with a 

Not the least striking thing in the book is 
ihe picture drawn of the working out of this 
queer companionship, and of the bitter recog- 
nition early forced upon the woman that she- 
has sacrificed the wholesome realities of life 
for an idea. 

This woman, in her intellectual and phys- 
ical prime, is loved by Godfrey Julian, whose 
high standing in the public regard is threat- 
ened if a whisper connects his name with that 
of one who is believed to be beyond the pale. 
The situation is singular, almost unprece- 
dented in fiction, and is handled with consid- 
erable power by Mr. Marriott, whose skill in 
construction, able characterization, and dis- 
tinction of style, is such that the reader's 
interest and sympathy are held in suspense 
until the dramatic conclusion. 

The conclusion is worked out in a manner 
to show the chances and changes of fate, and 
how, in dealing with the transgression of hu- 
man laws, innocent destinies may be more or 
less involved. 

Mr. Marriott shows a deep understanding 
of the less obvious types of human nature, 
and his study of the character of Christopher 
Lanyon, socialist, egotist, and iconoclast, is 
marked by a wisdom and penetration that is 
exceptional in the present-day novelist. 

Published by John Lane, New York; $1.50. 

The Second Time We Fought the British. 

A reverence for tradition has not induced 
soberness of style in Myrtle Reed's latest es- 
say in fiction, which might possibly be re- 
garded in the light of third cousin removed 
from the historical novel. " The Shadow of 
Victory" is a story of the War of 1812, but 
the characters are much like men and women 
of to-day, the author not having sought to 
graft upon her sprightly modern style one 
single touch of the quaintness or formalism 
that is presumably attached to the manners 
of a past epoch. 

For this she will doubtless win the favor of 
many of her readers, who like a good story, 
no matter in what era its action accurs, but 
who are weary of the labored artificialities 
of the present-day historical novelist. 

" The Shadow of Victory," is the love-story 
of several young people whose destinies are 
closely intertwined with the famous Fort 
Dearborn massacre of the War of 1812. The 
writer has given fictitious names to the com- 
mander and officers of the fort, but has gone 
very closely into conditions prevailing at that 
station which induced General Hulls to issue 
his famous order to Captain Heald to brave 
the perils of the march to Detroit and aban- 

don the fort to the Indians. A very complete 
picture is presented of the enforced idleness 
of garrison life on the frontier, and of the 
friendly intercourse between the military au- 
thorities and the neighboring Indians, who traf- 
fic in furs at the adjoining agency's store. The 
character of Ensign Ronald, a buoyant youni; 
officer at the fort, is the one which determines 
the prevailing tone of the book, the author's 
talent for turning off lively dialogue having 
enabled her to put into his mouth just the gay. 
boyish, spontaneous, inconsequent chatter that 
delights us in a healthy, happy, gay-spirited 
youngster full of the joy of living. The reader 
laughs at him, likes him, all but loves him. 
In spite of the preponderance of the amusing 
element, the book has a tragic ending, the 
description of the massacre forming a climax 
of considerable power. The author is not 
always quite sure of herself when she attempts 
to rise to heights of exalted emotion or fer- 
vid apostrophe, but nevertheless she has turned 
out an entertaining and sometimes exciting 
story, which borrows interest from its rela- 
tionship to history without in any degree hav- 
ing its atmosphere of simple every-day realism 

Published by G. P. Putnam's Sons, New 
York; $1.50. 

A Very Pleasant Story Indeed. 

Seeing life and human character through 
rose-colored spectacles has one kind of value, 
even for the novelist, since there are many 
readers whose favorite style of literature is 
" Sugar and spice, and all that's nice." 

To the attention of such, Justus Miles 
Forman's new novel, " Monsigny," may ht 
safely commended, since everything in that 
agreeable tale, except the wickedness of its 
adventuress, is pleasantly superlative in degree. 

The Monsignys are one of the proudest old 
houses in France, and are allied by marriage 
to an English family of equally lofty lineage. 
The heroine is one of the richest heiresses, 
and the most beautiful woman in Europe. Her 
grandfather is a man of such great physical 
strength that he has an inconvenient tendency 
toward absently crushing to pieces wine-glasses 
and similar light table gear. 

The last living descendant of the ancient 
French family, the purple-eyed beauty afore- 
said, lives in Monsigny, which is reckoned 
the finest chateau south of the Loire country. 
She is beloved by a splendid young English- 
man who is able to rival her grandfather in 
feats of strength, and who, unarmed, strangles 
with his two bare hands a bloodhound that at- 
tack her during a fit of madness. 

Mr. Forman marshals upon his stage all 
the fine figures that stand for surpassing 
wealth, rank, beauty, strength, love, and no- 
bility, with such an air of honest conviction 
that the reader placidly accepts them and 
derives a mild enjoyment from looking through 
the rose-colored spectacles. 

The adventuress is the she-serpent in para- 
dise, and the author would have us believe 
that she is a very half-hearted serpent, and 
meant for better things. He is, indeed, such 
a soft-hearted author toward his puppets, that, 
although she is small-minded, jealous, treach- 
erous, lying, and deceitful, we are informed 
that at bottom she is a good woman. 

As will be seen, there is nothing stren- 
uous about " Monsigny," and the reader is 
wooed persuasively along a rose-scented path- 
way of nineteenth-century romance, knowing 
well in advance that everything will be 
wound up comfortably to a happy ending, and 
serenely persuaded that some opportune 
providence will provide comfortably for the 
future of the soft-eyed, soft-hearted adven- 

Published by Doubleday, Page & Co., New 
York; $1.50. 

Anatole France's Unsympathetic Parent. 
In the catalogue of a Parisian bookseller 
there is an entry relating to an essay on 
Alfred de Vigny, which was published by 
Anatole France, the noted author, in 1S68. 
It is a rare little book, and this particular 
copy of it is increased in value by the in- 
clusion in it of a letter written by the author's 
father in 1868, deploring the young man's 
wish to devote himself to literature. " My 
son," says the elder France, " not having 
followed my counsels, has no position ; he 
writes — I should say, he scribbles. That 
which I have feared most since his infancy 
has happened. I can no longer argue with 
him. He has sufficient talent to make a liv- 
ing? Alas ! Alas !" 

When Kipling Was Thought a " Clever Youngster." 
E. Kay Robinson, an old friend of Kip- 
ling's, writing about the latter in a recent 
number of V. C, says: "What was surpris- 
ing at Lahore was that scarcely any one 
seemed to have the same opinion as I of 

Kipling's genius. Men laughed at the club 
when I said that the day would come when 
they would be proud of having known 
Rudyard Kipling. The tendency was to re- 
gard Kipling as a clever youngster, with an 
easy knack of jingling rhyme, but no sense 

of the proprieties; and as for genius ! 

Even among the young of both sexes — and 
perhaps the women of all ages — to whom 
Kipling's verses were a constant delight, the 
opinion that he was a ' genius ' scarcely ex- 
isted ; and at the club, when I affirmed that 
he would be the writer of the century, I 
would usually be met with the retort that I 
was ' cracked about Kipling.' " 



New Publications. 
" The Masterfolk," by Haldane MacFall. 
Published by Harper & Brothers, New York ; 

" Christian Thai," by M. E. Francis. Pub- 
lished by Longmans, Green & Co., New York; 


"Judith of the Plains," by Marie Manning. 
Published by Harper & Brothers, New York ; 

" The Black Familiars," by L. B. Walford. 
Published by Longmans, Green & Co., New 
York; $1.50. 

" Butternut Jones." by Til Tilford. Il- 
lustrated. Published by D. Appleton & Co., 
New York; $1.50. 

" The Year's Festivals," by Helen Philbrook 
Patten. Illustrated. Published by Dana Estes 
& Co., Boston; $1.00. 

" The Little Chevalier," by M. E. M. Davis. 
Illustrated. Published by Houghton, Mifflin 
& Co., Boston; $1.50. 

" Optimism : An Essay," by Helen Keller. 
Frontispiece. Published by T. Y. Crowell & 
Co., New York; 75 cents. 

" A Bunch of Roses, and Other Parlor 
Plays," by M. E. M. Davis. Published by 
Small, Maynard & Co., Boston. 

" A Forest Hearth," by Charles Major. Il- 
lustrated by Clyde O. DeLand. Published by 
the Macmillan Company, New York; $1.50. 

" Wanderfolk in Wonderland," by Edith 
Guerrier. Many pictures. Published by 
Small, Maynard & Co., Boston ; $1.20 net. 

" My Wonderful Visit," by Elizabeth Hill. 
Illustrated by Beatrice Stevens. Published by 
Charles Scribner's Sons, New York; $1.20 


" Barlasch of the Guard," by Henry Seton 
Merriman. Illustrated by the Kinneys. Pub- 
lished by McClure, Phillips & Co., New York; 

" The Captain's Daughter," by Gwendolen 
Overton. Illustrated by Frances D. Jones. 
Published by the Macmillan Company, New 

" The Long Night," by Stanley J. Weyman. 
With sixteen illustrations by Solomon J. 
Solomon. Published by McClure, Phillips & 
Co., New York; $1.50. 

" The Colonel's Opera Cloak," by Christine 
C. Brush. Profusely illustrated by E. W. 
Kemble and Arthur E. Becher. Published by 
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closed in His Diary," edited by George Gard- 
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January j8, 1904. 

What must ambitious youth, avid for op- 
portunity, think of the elderly charmers who 
still hold their places in the public arena 
and stand off new and eager competitors for 
fame ? There is Patti. at sixty, carrying off 
the boodle resulting from filling the largest 
theatre in the city at prices ranging from 
seven dollars a seat down ; and no sooner is 
her victorious back turned, then along comes 
Mrs. Langtry- «"/a/ fifty-one. drawing good- 
sized audiences to the Columbia, at the rate 
of from one to two dollars a seat. Celebrities 
are generally safe in coming to San Fran- 
cisco. Enormous bumps of .curiosity are in- 
digenous to our climate, especially since the 
stage managers have taken to dealing out 
famine supplies of the notabilities in the 
profession. Mine. Patti and Mrs. Langtry are 
two of the most widely advertised women 
of the present day. and few of the younger 
generation of San Francisco theatre-goers 
who had a ten-dollar piece in their pockets 
were able to endure the thought of allowing 
them to depart unseen. 

With Mrs. Langtry the great question no 
longer is : Can she act ? — but. is she still 
beautiful? Well, scarcely so. Beauty is a 
comprehensive term, and its possessor must 
be at the very least ten years nearer to 
skirling the edge of youth than Mrs. Langtry 
is. But one may safely modify the term, and 
declare that she is still an extremely hand- 
some woman. For this she is indebted to the 
preservation of her youthful outlines. She 
has not even the suspicion of a double chin, 
and the oval of her cheek is almost as pure 
and unbroken as in her youth. She is no 
heavier in weight than formerly. Her arms 
are all but thin; in fact, they have gone off 
more than her face. She is not obliged to 
have recourse to a jeweled dog-collar to con- 
ceal her throat, for it is still presentable. 

The color of her hair is open to suspicion, 
being slightly warmer in tint than nature per- 
mits in any other color short of a Titian red. 
But it is simply and beautifully arranged in 
the style that has become identified with 
this actress: parted in the middle, and fall- 
ing with an upward and becoming ripple back 
to the confinement of the Langtry knot, which 
rests upon a snowy nape that has every whit 
of its old-time grace and beauty. 

Let Mrs. Langtry turn her profile to the 
audience, and she is for the space of a light- 
ning's flash a young and beautiful woman. 
But the contemplation <>f but a minute dis- 
covers the pathetic shade that the years will 
cast over the most triumphant beauty. 
Analyze it if you will, and discover that it 
is the fading of the eye. the lessening of the 
freshness, firmness, and elasticity of the skin, 
the dimming of the pearl-like lustre of the 
teeth : whatever and whichever it may lie. the 
general result is a blurring of those bright 
beauties which youth, even though it be com- 
parative, alone can bear. Mrs. Langtry, too, 
like Patti. has lost her voice ; that is to say, 
the youth of it is dead. It has the deeper 
"tone of middle age. 

Mrs. Langtry is supported by an excellent 
company, which, by the by. does not number 
a single positively pretty woman among its 
female members. The play. " Mrs. Deering's 
Divorce." is the very lightest of light comedy. 
In fact, one would tie well within the truth 
in calling it society farce. There is not a 
really brilliant line in it. but there is an 
abundance of humor in a light vein, with an 
occasional tendency toward satire ; the kind 
of humor which is dependent for its ready 
conveyance upon the adroitness and good 
' tin ;ictors. 

Mrs. Langtry fills the role of Mrs. Deering, 
a lady who leads in London society, the life 
of which the actress's own experience, pre- 
vious to her acting days, enables her to be so 
read] and graceful an exponent. She meets 
■ ■ 1 hi r fi i* nd ■ poun tea, plays bridge, 
coquettes, and listens to and laughs at funny 
all with that ease and simplicity 
which is said to be the mark of true breeding 
and genuine distinction. 

Mrs. Langtry has little intellectuality, and 
no emotional depths. There is, bo 
nothing in thi plaj to uveal these limita- 
tions. But experience and natural intelli- 
gence have bestowed upon h*r a ^kill and 
dexterity in practicing the lighter branches 
of her ar 1 which enable her t.. show con- 
clusively that she is without question an 

a- .d not mi rely, Ol yore, a line 

I r 'eling upon her reputation. I ler 

; 1 funny Btories, 

in _., parent genuinem nd zest ol her 
1-. a slight but sufficient indication 
ment of the essentials o 

Mr. Frederick Truesdell, her* leading man, 
and unmistakably an American actor, plays 
a little too unctuously, perhaps, the role of 
the husband, but with the ready, humorous 
by-play that is essential in carrying off the 
somewhat farcicial situations in which 
Captain Deering finds himself. 

Mr. Harold Mead, in the more pro- 
nouncedly farcical character of Jimmy Foster, 
the impossible wooer, played it with an 
abandon that was broadly comic, and Stephen 
B. French touched up, with the skill of the 
expert, the few scenes that revealed the ven- 
erable giddiness of Lord Granpier. Ina 
Goldsmith had a Jonesesque bit of character 
work to do in the part of the sternly literal 
daughter, and did it intelligently, with due 
appreciation of the farce-comedy blending in 
the role. 

The author, Percy Fendall, an English play- 
wright, who has thoroughly saturated himself 
with French methods to the effect that he 
is able to throw an air of distinction about 
fairly commonplace work, has put several 
clever bits of characterization into a very 
light and trifling piece. 

The character of Lady Granpier. one of the 
best of these, is played by Katherine Stewart 
in a manner which makes it a perfect speci- 
men of the stony-eyed British dowager, whose 
Gorgon gaze Thackeray has celebrated 
to the delight of many thousands of readers. 
There she was, family jewels, dowdyism. 
head-gear, front-piece, general awfulness, 
and all. Author and actress played into each 
other's hands to so much purpose that we now 
have reason to feel we have met this for- 
midable personage upon her native heath. 

But. in fact, one of the clever features 
about the whole performance, in spite of the 
farcical nature of the piece, is a certain im- 
pression it conveys of representing the real 
life of London drawing-rooms. The author. 
indeed, is a sort of British Clyde Fitch, pos- 
sessing, in some degree, the American dra- 
matist's taste for showing smart people at 
their diversions, his quick eye for effect, his 
light, stingless cynicism, and his ready patter 
of amusing dialogue. 

For the first time, it seems, we have had 
Ibsen's " Ghosts " played before a San Fran- 
cisco audience. Alberta Gallatin brought a 
good company with her to fill the four parts 
that, including the character of Mrs. Alving, 
assumed by her, complete the number of 
roles in the play. 

" Ghosts " is not the sort of drama that 
stands for mere pleasurable entertainment. 
People who fall under Mrs. Alving's classi- 
fication of those who are " so pitifully afraid 
of the light," will shrink away, stunned, even 
horrified, at its merciless disclosures of re- 
volting truths. But Ibsen always puts into 
his work such incisive observation, so logical 
a sequence of events, such accurate depiction 
of mental and moral processes, that the union 
of these elements, allied to his unerring mas- 
tery of dramatic technique, results in drama 
that is intensely and vividly alive. His people 
are real, sometimes frightfully so. He does 
not indulge in pretty talk or anticlimax for 
the sake of sending audiences home in a 
good humor. Probably he could not if he 
tried. One feels that. while planning 
" Ghosts," he must have been of necessity 
held in the same state of painful tension 
which grips those who witness this powerful 
study of hereditary transmission. So deeply 
does the beholder gain the impression that 
the participants in the drama are swept 
helplessly along in the irresistible march of 
inherited doom, that they seem typical, rather 
than individual. Jacob Engstrand stands for 
hypocrisy ; Pastor Manders for conven- 
tional religion, or. perhaps, error; Mrs. Al- 
ving for truth, which, though crushed to 
earth, rises again, showing to those poor, 
faltering humans, Oswald and Regina, the pit 
toward which their feet are straying. 

The strong objection to " Ghosts " is that 
it is a study in disease. True, the malady 
is mental, but it has its root in physical con- 
ditions. It results that the imagination is 
unpleasantly affected, and, although the in- 
terest is not lessened thereby, the impression 
left is one of horror, accompanied by no 
mitigating feelings save those derived from 
the moral lesson. 

Miss Gallatin is not entirely at home in the 
part of Mrs. Alving. With her, emphasis 
lakes the place of passion, and she is de- 
ficient in the finer play which conveys so 
much by suggestion. 

Her leading man, Claus Bogel. eclipsed her 
entirely, lie played the role of Oswald with 
such absolute realism that the physical and 
mental blight, transmitted to a degenerate 
son by a dissolute sire, was as palpable a 
feature in his aspect as the stage pallor upon 
ii' m tor's face. 

Pastor Manders, as represented by Allen 

Davenport, was 1 must understanding bit of 
work, so well did it suggest, in gesture and 
tone, the precise, priestly decorum of the 

narrow, hidebound cleric. The very walk 
was sue.e.*.'stivc of timid, irreproachable con- 
■ - Hi tonality. 

Miss Rose Curry, a young actress who was 
adapted to her role both in physiognomy and 
personal atti ction, gave intelligent, physical. 
and mental expression to the character of 
RcgUia, the ripe and rounded bit of fruit that 
is worm-eaten at the core. The greedy Eng- 

strand was suitably portrayed by John Ravold, 
who bestowed upon the character an ape-like. 
Jekyll-Hyde physiognomy, and the shuffle, 
snuffle, and propitiatory whine of the habitual 

Probably those who saw this excellent per- 
formance will regret it just a little as they 
will desire to see it again. " Ghosts," much 
as we may be averse to the appalling deduc- 
tions to be derived from it, is one of the 
masterpieces of dramatic literature, and no 
one, who experiences an intellectual curiosity 
concerning the great works of the day, can 
afford to turn his back upon it. But equally 
true it is that the out-door air tastes like a 
benison from heaven after the close, mephitic 
atmosphere of the Alving madhouse. 

Josephine Hart Phelps. 

A dispatch to the Examiner from Hono- 
lulu, under date of January 9th, says : 
" Rear-Admiral Evans' fleet, which sailed from 
here on the last day of the old year, is now 
speeding on to Guam minus at least three 
score of Uncle Sam's men. These men 
have succumbed to the glittering bait held 
out by Viceroy and Admiral Alexieff, of 
the Russian navy, and are waiting here to 
accept service as gunners against the Japan- 
ese, when war is declared." 

George Osbourne. Jr.. son of George Os- 
bourne, comedian at the Alcazar Theatre, 
died in Detroit on Monday. He was born 
in Nevada twenty-six years ago. Six years 
ago he joined the Alcazar company as a 
comedian, and lately has been with different 
companies sent out by Charles Frohman, 
who valued his ability very highly. 

The fourth race at the Oakland Track 
Saturday will be the Adam Andrew selling 
handicap, for two-year-olds and upward at 
time of closing, $60 to start, $10 forfeit; 
$2,000 added, of which $400 is to second, and 
$200 to third, the winner to be sold at auc- 
tion. Those entered to be sold for $3,000 
to carry weight for age. 


A PiiTe Straight Brand. 

A. P. Hotaling's Old Kirk Whiskv has made 
friends with all who have tried it, which goes to 
show that there is room for a pure straight blend 
in the market. We say it is the best. You try it 
and you will say the same. 


Mr. Paul Gerson begs to state that, in response to 
numerous requests, he will on January ist open a 
JUVENILE DEPARTMENT in connection with his 
School of Acting, and has secured the services of a 
teacher of experience, specially qualified for this work, 
Miss Lillian E. Muscio. One of the features of the de- 
partment will be a dancing class in charge of Signora 
Matildita. In order that each one may have his or her 
proper time and attention, the class will be limited to 
twenty-five. Mr. Gerson will give his personal at- 
tention to every pupil. For terms, etc., call or address 
The Juvenile Department of the Paul Gerson School of 
Acting, Native Sons' Building, 414 Mason Street. The 
fourth of the series of matinee performances by stu- 
dents of the school, will take place at Fischer's 
Theatre, Fridav afternoon. January 20th. A brilliant 
programme will be presented. The school will be as- 
sisted by the San Francisco Conservatory of Music, 
this institution hereafter joining its artistic interests 
with the School of Acting. 


SATURDAY EVENING, Jan. 33, 1904 

At S o'clock sharp 

Extraordinary Entertainment in Commemo- 
ration of Verdi's Death 

(Under the auspices of the Daily L'J/at/a) 


Assisted bv the soloists, F. Avedano, Domenico 
Russo, G. S. Wanrell, G. Cortesi, and Mrs. Lydia 
Sterling. Selections from " Aida," " Ernani," " Na- 
bucco." " Lombardi," " Trovatore," " Rigoletto," 
" Lucia," " Tannhauser," and Mascagni's " William 

POPULAR PRICES: Reserved seats, 50c and $1.00. 
Sale of seats will begin Monday, January iSth, at 
Sherman & Clay's music store. 

Warren Apartments 

S. W. cor. Post and Jones Sts. 

Two eight-room apartments now 
vacant. Passenger and supply ele- 
vator service. Artistically finished. 
Sun in every room. See janitor on 

Shainwald, Buckbee & Co., Agents, 

218-220 Montgomery Street. 
V. J 





Sidewalk and Garden. Walk a Specialty. 

Office, 307 Montgomery St., Nevada Block, S. E. 

Q\ Eye=Glasses ' 



^642 ^Mark^tSt. 


Corner Eddy and Mason Streets. 

Matinee every Saturday. Beginning Monday, Jan- 
uary iSth, second week of 

A three-act military comic opera bv Stanislaus Stange 

and Julian Edwardes. 

Usual popular prices, 25c, 50c. and 7sc. Box seats, 


Beginning next Mondav, second and last week, first 

three nights. MRS. LANGTRY in 


Thursday, Friday, Saturday nights, and Saturday 
matinee, first times here of Sidney Grundv's 

Sunday, Jan. 24th— German performance, Als ich 
Wiederkam. Jan 25th— A Chinese Honeymoon. 

J\LGAZAR THEATRE. Phone" Alcazar." 
Belasco & Mayer, Props. E. D. Price, Gen. Mgr. 

Regular matinees Saturday and Sunday. One week, 

commencing Monday. January iSth, first San 

Francisco production of 

-:- MRS. JT-A.CI5: -:- 

By Grace Livingstone Furniss. 

Evenings. 25c to 75c. Saturday and Sunday 15c to 50c. 
January 25th— Tlie Masqneraders. 


Week beginning to-morrow matinee, the gifted young 
emotional actress, GRACE TURNER, in the 

beautiful pastoral drama, 


A story of Old Vermont. 

Sunday matinee, January 24th — W. H. Turner in 
David Hanmi. 

Usual popular prices. Regular Saturday matinee. 

QENTRAL THEATRE. Phone south S33 . 

Belasco & Mayer Proprietors 

Market Street, near Eighth, opposite City Hall. 

Week of Monday, January iSth, matinees Saturday 
and Sunday, the tremendous Eastern hit. 


Prices— Evenings, 10c to 50c. Matinees, 10c, isc.and 

Week of January 25th— Quo Vadis. 

Week commencing Sunday matinee, January 17th. 
Enticing vaudeville! Stein-Erelto Family: Stanley 
and Wilson; Kelly and Violette; Irvingjones; Wallno 
and Marinette; Asra; White and Simmons; Orpheum 
motion pictures; and last week of Howard Thurston. 

Reserved seats, 25c; balcony, 10c ; opera chairs and 
box seats, 50c. Regular matinees Wednesday, Thurs- 
day, Saturday, and Sunday. 

A great success, 


A delightful and ever-interesting musical comedy, ex- 
ceptional humor, delightful music, beautifullv staged. 
Our " all star cast." 

Our popular prices. Matinees Saturday and Sunday. 


Direction -Wil I Greenboum 




Matinee to-dav. (Saturday* at 3 p. m., "Yosemite 
Valley"; " Grund Canyon of Arizona," to-night (Sat- 
urday); "Siberia," Mondav; " Alaska I, The Fjords, 
Sitka, and White Pass," Tuesday; " Peking," 
Wednesday; "Alaska II. The Yukon, the Klondike, 
and Cape Nome." Thursday; "Corea," Friday. 

Reserved seats, $1.00, 75c,,, and 50c. General admis- 
sion, 50c. Now on sale at Sherman, Clay & Co.'s. 


New California Jockey Club 

Commencing Monday, Jan. 4, 1904. 

Racing every Week Day, Bain or Shine. 

Races start at 2.15 p. M., sharp. " 

For Special Trains stopping at the Track take S. P. 
Ferry, foot of Market Street, at 12.00, 12.30, 1.00, 1.30 
or 3.00. Last two cars on trains reserved for ladies 
and their escorts in which there is no smoking. 

Returning— Trains leave the track at 4.10 and 4.45 
p. M., and immediately alter the last race. 

PERCV W. TREAT, Secretary. 

January 18, 1904. 





Change of Bill at the Columbia. 
It is announced that the second and last 
week of Mrs. Langtry's engagement at the 
Columbia Theatre will be divided between 
two plays. Next Monday. Tuesday, and 
Wednesday nights will have as the bill, 
" Mrs. Deering's Divorce.' 1 The first pre- 
sentation in this city of Sydney Grundy's 
modern society comedy. " The Degenerates," 
will be given on Thursday night. The play 
will be repeated on Friday and Saturday 
nights, and at the matinee on Saturday. 
Percy Fendall. the English playwright, was 
almost unknown in the United States until 
" Mrs. Deering's Divorce " was presented. Its 
good qualities are enhanced by the fact that 
the play fits Mrs. Langtry's temperament 
and ability, and provides excellent roles for 
all the members of her clever company. On 
Monday, January 24th, " The Chinese Honey- 
moon " comes to the Columbia. It is a 
musical comedy, said to be full of melody, 
and has a record of over four hundred 
presentations at the Casino Theatre, New 
York. The stars in the leading roles include 
John E. Henshaw, Miss Stella Tracey, Miss 
Toby Claude. Miss Bryton, Miss Laura 
Golden, Miss Florence Knight, W. H. Clarke, 
Charles Prince. Miss May Ten Broeck, Ed- 
mund Lawrence, and numerous others. 

Clever Comic Opera. 
It is probable that the Tivoli Opera House 
will continue its present bill, " When Johnny 
Conies Marching Home." for many weeks to 
come. The large audiences that attend its 
production seem exceedingly well pleased 
with this Civil War opera, which is a happy 
blending of well-loved darkey ballads and 
stirring war ditties. There are also some 
new songs — " I Love the United States," 
"My Southern Rose." and " My Honey- 
suckle Girl " — among others, which are sung 
by Wallace Brownlow, Ferris Hartman, 
Annie Myers, Anna Lichter, Arthur Cunning- 
ham, and others in the cast. Not a little of 
the success of the play is due to the quaint 
costumes, the crinolines, and the belaced 
and beribboned pantalettes of the early 
'sixties. The large stage at the new Tivoli 
gives plenty of room for striking scenic 
effects and a large chorus. 

Farce at the Alcazar. 
Next week the Alcazar Theatre will pro- 
duce another New York success, " Mrs. Jack," 
described as a " wildly farcical frivolity." It 
is by Grace Livingstone Furniss. and the lead- 
ing character is a Western widow, a young 
woman full of dash and go, who does not 
give a snap for conventions, and does every- 
thing to suit herself. She meets with many 
adventures, amusing and otherwise, and 
proves that she has delicacy and feeling 
despite her frivolity. Those who like George 
Ade slang, and the Hoyt type of farce, will 
enjoy " Mrs. Jack." On January 25th. Henry 
Arthur Jones's play, " The Masqueraders," 
will be produced. 

German Comedy Once More. 
The " Alameda Lustspiel Ensemble," which 
recently played " Im Weissen Roessl " ("At 
the White Horse Tavern ") by Blumenthal 
and Kadelburg. at the Columbia Theatre, will, 
on Sunday evening, present at the same house 
the sequel to that comedy. " Als ich Wieder- 
kam." Like its predecessor, it will be. played 
in its original language, and will be a great 
treat to German theatre-goers. The comedy 
is said to be unusually bright and witty, and 
calls for a cast of fifty people. 

"The Beauty Shop" a Success. 
" The Beauty Shop," the new burlesque 
feature at Fischer's Monday night, has scored 
a pronounced hit with the diverse taste of 
Fischer's patrons, and serves as an admirable 
vehicle to introduce Helen Russell, a stat- 
uesque brunette, with a pleasing soprano, and 
John Peachey, a handsome baritone. Others 
in the cast who score are Allan Curtis, who 
impersonates the beauty doctor's partner ; 
Kolb and Dill, as the secretary and president 
of the pretzel trust; Georgia O'Ramey, as an 
awkward country girl ; and Ben Dillon, as 
a South Side tough. The piece is well 
mounted, and the costumes and stage-settings 
compel admiration. 

Favorites Return. 
The Stein-Eretto family of comedy hand- 
jumping acrobats, who made their first visit 
to this country two years ago, will reappear 
at the Orpheum this coming week. They 
perform many novel feats. Harry C. Stanley 
and Doris Wilson, who have scored a hit in 
the East, will present their little sketch. 
" Before the Ball." Mr. Stanley does clever 
character work and imitates a clarionet to 
perfection. Kelly and Violette. old-time favor- 
ites, will return with a new lot of songs and 
a dazzling wardrobe. Irving Jones, the 
unique little colored individual, who writes 
and sings his own songs, will be one of the 
contributors to the fun-making. Howard 
Thurston has created a sensation by his ex- 
traordinary illusions. For his second and 
last week he promises new surprises. White 

and Simmons, the good, old-fashioned negro 
minstrels, will present a new act in " A 
Pleasant Evening's Rest," and Wallno and 
Marinette, the Vienna caricature dancers, 
will vary their terpsichorean evolutions. Asra, 
the European comedy juggler, and the Or- 
pheum motion pictures, showing the latest 
novelties, will complete an unusually inter- 
esting programme. 

A Bowery Drama. 
A multitude of Gotham street characters 
will be represented at the Central Theatre 
next week, when " A Bowery" Girl " will 
be staged. A vivid delineation of political 
work on the Bowery constitutes part of the 
play, the " boss " of the fourth ward being 
one of the characters. A sharp contrast 
will be given in his son, the leader of Bowery 
society. There will also be seen the ambi- 
tious heir to a Dutch brewery, a Bowery 
Chinese, an Italian padrone, a plug-hatted vil- 
lain, a tough girl, and Bowery gamins. The 
scenic effects will be realistic, and include 
a dynamite explosion at the Palisades, and a 
fire at a roof-garden ball. The tangled story 
of the play is successfully unwound by the 
detectives in the cast. For January 25th, 
" Qua Vadis " is announced. 

Pastoral Drama at the Grand. 
The coming week's bill at the Grand 
Opera House will be " One Night in June," 
a pastoral drama which has been seen all 
through the East the past season. The story 
told is of quaint country people in Vermont. 
The first act is laid in a country village, the 
second in a luxurious gambling establish- 
ment in New York, and the third represents 
an old Vermont farm. Miss Grace Turner 
will head the cast. At the Sunday matinee, 
January 24th. W. H. Turner will appear in 
" David Harum." 

Enjoyed by the Public. 

That the Burton Holmes lectures are tak- 
ing hold of the public here, and are growing 
in popularity as they have for the past ten 
years in the East, is attested by the large 
audiences that have attended the lectures 
at Lyric Hall during the past week. This 
(Saturday) afternoon, by special request, the 
Yosemite Valley lecture will be repeated. 
Mr. Holmes's pictures of California's scenic 
wonderland far surpass anything seen here. 
They are sharp and clear, beautifully col- 
ored, and are not the sterotyped views ad- 
vertised all over the United States, or pur- 
chased by every tourist who goes into the 
valley without a camera of his own. In 
addition to glorious views of the Yosemite 
Fall, Cascade Fall. Bridal Veil Fall, Vernal 
Fall. El Capitan, Cloud's Rest, Cathedral 
Spires, North Dome, Glacier Point, the Three 
Brothers, and the many other remarkable 
points of scenic interest in the valley, he 
supplements his talk with several striking 
motion pictures. 

To-night (Saturday) the subject will be the 
" Grand Canon of the Colorado," introducing 
the snake dances of the Indians. The sub- 
jects for the coming and final week of the 
season are: Monday, "Siberia"; Tuesday, 
" Alaska " (the Fjords) ; Wednesday, " Pek- 
ing"; Thursday," Alaska "(the Klondyke and 
Cape Nome) ; Friday, " Corea." These will 
all be evening lectures; the special matinee 
for Saturday will be announced during the 
week. All the lectures are illustrated most 
profusely with colored views and motion 
pictures. The box-office is at Sherman, Clay 
& Co.'s. 

For the Verdi Monument Fund. 
On the occasion of the third anniversary 
of the death of the great Italian composer, 
Giuseppe Verdi, a commemoration under the 
auspices of the local Italian daily, L'ltalia. 
will be held at the Alhambra Theatre on 
the evening of Saturday, January 23d, the 
proceeds of which will be entirely given to 
the fund for the Verdi monument to be 
erected in our city. The main attraction 
will be the first appearance of the Rivela 
Royal Italian Band, directed by the dis- 

tinguished leader after whom it is named. 
The numbers to be played will include the 
march from Verdi's " Aroldo," new to our 
city; selections from his " Ernani." " Na- 
bucco." " Trovatore " and " Lombardi," the 
sextet from " Lucia," the Pilgrims' Chorus 
from " Tannhauser," " Albumblatt," by 
Wagner, and the famous intermezzo 
from " William Ratcliff," by Mascagni. 
Maestro Rivela was a schoolmate of 
Mascagni's, and his interpretation will be a 
worthy one. The vocal parts of the pro- 
gramme will consist of solos and duos sung 
by F. Avedano, Domenico Russo, G. S. 
Wanrell, G. Cortesi, and Mrs. Lydia Sterling, 
who, assisted by Mr. Avedano, will sing 
the great duo from " Aida." The sale of 
tickets for the entertainment will commence 
on Monday, January 18th, at Sherman & 
Clay's music store. Popular prices will pre- 
vail, the price of reserved seats being set at 
50 cents and $1.00. 

Sharp Contrast 

Whiskey without quality, age, 
or flavor disappoints the taste 
like eggs without salt. Rare, old 


flellow, Rich, Delicious 

regales the palate and leaves no 
fault to find. 


213-215 Market Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

Telephone Exchange 313. 






Now Greatly improved. 


Phona South 95. 

in cellars, etc. $12 weekly. No outfit. Paysent 
promptly. Addressed envelope for year's contract. 
Comhined Growers, 9 Beekman, N. Y. 

Are you going to make 

a Will? 

If so, send for Pamphlet to 



Capital and Surplus $1,288,550.43 

Total Assets 6,415,683.87 


Cor. California and Montgomery Streets 

San Francisco, California 

Banks and Insurance. 

536 California Street, San Francisco. 

Guarantee Capital and Surplus.. . 

Capital actually paid in cash 

Deposits, Dec. 31, 1903 

9 2,433,751.69 



OFFICERS — President. John Lloyd; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Daniel Meyer; Second Vice-President, H. 
Horstman; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt; Assistant- 
Cashier, William Herrmann; Secretary, George 
Tourny; Assistant-Secretary, A. H. Muller; Gen- 
eral Attorney, W. S. Goodfellow. 

Board of Directors— John Lloyd, Daniel Meyer. H. 
Horstman, Ign. Steinhart, Emil Rohte, H. B. Russ, N. 
Ohlandt, I. N. Walter, and J. W. Van Bergen. 


532 California Street. 

Deposits, January 1, 1904 S33.232.90S 

Paid-Up Capital 1,000,000 

Reserve and Contingent Fund* . . 899,519 

E. B. POND, Pres. W. C. B. DE KREMERY 

ROBERT WATT, Vice-Presdts. 

Cashier. Asst Cashier, 

Directors— Henry F. Allen, Robert Watt, William A. 
Magee, George C. Boardman.W. C. B. de Fremery, Fred 
H. Beaver, C. O. G. Miller. Jacob Barth, E. B. Pond. 


Mills Building, 232 Montgomery St. 

Established March, 1871. 

Authorized Capital #1,000,000.00 

Paid-up Capital 300,000.00 

Surplus and Undivided Profits 300,000.00 

Deposits, Dec. 31, 1903 4,196,122.55 

Interest paid on deposits. Loans made. 

William Babcock: President 

S. L. Abbot, Jr Vice-President 

Fred W. Ray .Secretary 

Directors— William Alvord, William Babcock, Adam 
Grant, R. H. Pease, L. F. Monteagle, S. L. Abbot. Jr., 
Warren D. Clark. E. J. McCutchen, O. D. Baldwin 





Charles Carpy President 

Arthur Legalist Vice-President 

Leon Bocqneraz Secretary 

Directors— Sylvain Weill. J. A. Bergerot. Leon Kaufl- 
man, J. S. Godeau. J. E. Artigues, J. Jullien I M 
Dupas, O. Bozio, J. B. Clot. 



42 Montgomery St., San Francisco 

Authorized Capital $ :-;, 

Paid-up Capital and Reserve 1,725,000 

Authorized to act as Executor, Administrator Guard- 
ian, or Trustee. 

Check accounts solicited. Legal depository for money 
m Probate Court proceedings. Interest paid on Trust 
Deposits ana Savings. Investments carefully selected 

Officers— Frank J. Svmmes. President Horace L. 
Hill, Vice-President. H. Brunner, Cashier. 



Capital, Surplus, and Undi- 
vided Profits 813,500,000.00 

Homer S. King, President. F. L. Lipman 
Cashier. Frank B. King, Asst. Cashier. Jno E* 
Miles, Asst. Cashier. 

Branches— New York; Salt Lake, Utah ; Portland, 

Correspondents throughout the world. General bank- 
ing business transacted. 

Connecticnt Fire Insurance Co. of Hartford 


Cash Capital .81 ,000,000 

Casta. Assets 4,734,791 

Surplus to Policy-Holders .......'. 2|202[g35 


Agent for San Francisco, Manager Pacific 

411 California Street. Department. 


Established 1889, 


Subscribed Capital 813,000. 000.00 

Paid In 2,250,000.00 

Profit and Reserve Fund 300,000.00 

Monthly Income Over 100,000.00 


Secretary and General Manager. 

Romeike's Press Cutting Bnrean 

Will send you all newspaper clippings which may 
appear about you, your friends, or any subject on 
which you want to be " tip to date." 

A large force in my New York office reads 650 daily 
papers and over 2,000 weeklies and magazines, in [act, 
every' paper of importance published in the I riiied 
States, for 5,000 subscribers, and, through the Euro- 
pean Bureaus, all the leading papers in the civilized 

Clippings found for subscribers and pasted on slips 
giving name and date of paper, and are mailed day 
By day. 

Write for circular and terms. 

HENRY ROMEIKE, 33 Union Square. 

Branches : 



January 18, 1904. 


The latest person to deplore and denounce 
the vanity and ostentation of women is Pro- 
fessor Herbert J. Davenport, of Chicago Uni- 
versity. '* The force that wheels the babies 
about in the unappreciated glory of gorgeous 
equipages," says Mr. Davenport. " denies to 
children the right to go barefoot that the 
parents may not be ashamed. For a like rea- 
son it keeps them in their Sunday clothes, 
when they were happier and healthier in 
dirty : determines the marriage preparations 
and imposes the attendant donation-party ; 
determines the quality of our dress goods, the 
name of our tailor, the cut of our collars, the 
shape of our shoes, the length of our beard ; 
prescribes for women — now wings on her 
shoulders, and again, for other decorative 
purposes, bustles, humps, and balloons, the 
straight front, the baggy waist, the tortured 
walk : empties our pocketbooks in order thaf 
our wardrobes may be filled with exhibition 
garments: makes half our garments unwear- 
able when not yet outworn : compels us to be 
ashamed of our poverty, and yet allows us 
no joy of our riches ; and when all the weari- 
ness is done buries us in one final crash and 
blare of ostentatious effrontery. We waste 
our wealth. That which was once comfort 
has become privation by comparison. The 
cloth that once went with elegance is now 
the badge of poverty ; the cheaper would 
answer our purpose equally well if only oth- 
ers had not the dearer. Splendor, no mat- 
ter how much it has cost, is not splendor 
when it has become general ; so material 
progress, in the way in which we use it, 
mostly cancels itself in a strife for precedence 
and leaves behind it weariness, disillusion- 
ment, and envy ; our energies are wasted 
in a general, and therefore fruitless, ministry 
to vanity. All may as well stand still as run 
in an equal race ; when things are measured 
by comparatives and averages, scramble and 
scrabble count for nothing but exhaustion. 
No beautiful or graceful fashion, if once at- 
tained, is safe to stay. If grace and sim- 
plicity come as fashions they go as fashions. 
The greed of novelty leaves the beautiful be- 
hind as antiquated, to be succeeded by the 
ugliness of hoops and humps and wings. 
Furniture changes in varieties of material 
and into new grotesquenesses of pattern ; 
houses from all styles in succession to a 
nightmare in misjoinder of styles. From 
champagne to plumes of slaughtered birds, 
from skunk-skins to jewelry, there is nothing 
permanent but novelty, no custom but change." 

The New York " Beauty Show," so exten- 
sively advertised by the Sunday supplements, 
came off as per schedule. " The underwear 
was all there," says the New York Sun re- 
porter, and adds: " Nineteen women, some 
of whom were young, stood on pedestals and 
gyrated until there was some fear that the 
blue ribbons tied none too securely in a 
single breadth about their waists, might slip 
off. These were the contestants for the one- 
thousand-dollar beauty prize to be awarded 
to the woman receiving the highest number of 
votes. Ballots were distributed in the au- 
dience, and everybody was requested to mark 
his ballot and leave it in one of fifty ballot- 
boxes placed about the building. When the 
curtains were first pulled aside and the foot- 
lights of the posing cabinets turned up. a 
loud groan saluted the roof. The poseurs 
were men. Most of them were bare to the 
waist, and seemed to be busy holding up un- 
seen universes on corded masses of chest and 
back and shoulder muscles. ' Bring on the 
women !' howled one disgusted spectator. The 
next time the curtain went up there was a 
"roar of delight. Eleven not unbeautiful 
women stood on the pedestals. Under each 
pedestal was a number. By the time the sec- 
ond or third pose had been reached hundreds 
in the mass of men gathered below were 
shouting the numbers of their favorites, pre- 
sumably with the object of affecting the vot- 
ing. 'Number seving !' 'Six! Six! Six!' 
' Nine I Nine I Vote for nine!' As the roars 
rose above the growing laughter and ap- 
plause, appreciative wiggles were observed to 
wander over the frames of the union-suited 
persons whose numbers wen- called. Rut one 
man pretty nearly caused the whole line to 
fall off their pedestals. ' Any one of the 
bunch will do for Willie!' he bowled. In- 
dividual numbers were lost in the whoops of 

applause that greeted the sally, and the 
electric-light man became so confused that 
he shut off the lights. Inspector Walsh, 
Captain Burfcind, of the Tenderloin station, 
Inspector McClusky, and three Comstock 
agents sat the show through, and said after 
it was over that the law hadn't been broken." 

As cadets and alternates, to report ;it Wesl 
Point in June, the President recently desig- 
nated nineteen young men, of whom seven- 
teen arc sons of army officers and two sons 
of naval officers. Only in the army and navy 
is there f'tund in this country the working 
of a hereditary principle. In these service 
■/- rurally follows the profession of his 
1 marries the daugh r of one of his 
I comrades or the ister of one of 
Thus it happens that the navy is 
lily, allied to a considerable ex- 
tarriage with that other great family, 

the army. A good example' of a service 
family is found in the Porters. They came 
into the service in the War of the Revolu- 
tion, and have remained there ever since. 
David Porter and his brother, Samuel, were 
captured and made prisoners in the old Jersey 
prison ship. Samuel died, but David escaped. 
His son, David, Jr., entered the navy in 1798. 
David, Jr.'s, nephew, Fitz John Porter, went 
to West Point, and fought in the Mexican and 
Civil Wars. Men of the blood and the family 
name still continue in the service. John E. 
Craven and Thomas Tingey Craven, both of 
the navy, represent a family that dates back 
to the days of the Revolutionary War. The 
Stevens family came into the navy at the 
outbreak of the War of 1S12, under the name 
of Holdup. Thomas Holdup's son, Thomas 
Holdup Stevens, went into the navy, and as 
a lieutenant commanded the Ottawa in Du- 
pont's expedition at the beginning of the 
Civil War. He had many other important 
commands, and died a rear-admiral. The 
admiral's son, of the same name as himself, 
continues the family in the navy. The 
Greenes, of Rhode Island, have been repre- 
sented in the army and navy almost con- 
tinuously since the outbreak of the Revolu- 
tion. During the Civil War thirteen kinsmen 
of the name were serving as officers of the 
navy, regular army, or volunteer forces. Since 
the War of the Revolution the family has 
furnished nine officers of the name to the 
regular army and seven to the navy, besides 
many others descended in the female line. 
The family name is continued in the army 
now by only one officer. Through the female 
line the Greenes are still well represented. 
In the navy they are represented by the Wins- 
lows. As an army family the Mercers go back 
to Brigadier-General Hugh Mercer, of the 
Continental army. The Lees, of Virginia, 
have been an army family since the days of 
Light Horse Harry Lee. The first Capron on 
the record of army officers was Seth M. 
Capron, of Rhode Island, who entered the 
army as a second lieutenant, in 1821. Then 
came Erastus A., who fell, sword in hand, 
at Cherubusco. His son, Allyn Capron, 
served with credit through the Civil War. 
When the war with Spain came on, he had a 
son in service — Allyn, Jr. a lieutenant in the 
regulars. In the skirmish at Las Guasimas, 
before the assault on San Juan, he was killed. 
Now another Allyn Capron has been ap- 
pointed to the Military Academy. The 
Muhlenbergs, still represented in the army, 
came in .with General Peter Muhlenberg, of 
the Revolution. Lieutenant-Commander Will- 
iam Truxton, of the navy, represents a long 
line of Truxtons. Another well-known ser- 
vice family is that of Rodgers. One branch 
of it continues the Perry blood in the service. 
Then there are the Bainbridge-Hoffs, repre- 
senting old Commodore Bainbridge ; the 
Meades, Biddies, and Caseys, in both army 
and navy ; the Ords of the army and the Pat- 
tersons, first in the British army, then in the 
American navy, and now in the American 

A public auction sale of the effects of the 
assassinated King and Queen of Servta was 
held recently in Belgrade, among which the 
following articles, constituting the wardrobe 
of Queen Draga, were sold. The inventory 
included also the queen's white wedding gown 
of silk, embroidered with myrtle blossoms : 
Nineteen sleeping robes of silk and batiste ; 
twenty-one street dresses, in various colors, 
principally gray ; five street dresses of velvet ; 
four evening dresses, in various colors, prin- 
cipally gray; eighteen silk blouses; fourteen 
batiste blouses ; one batiste waist a la " artil- 
lery lieutenant " ; nine woolen blouses ; 
eleven different kinds of jackets; seventeen 
different dressing sacks ; eight dressing 
gowns ; three dusters ; five bath robes ; six 
various cloaks ; sixteen colored petticoats ; 
fourteen white silk petticoats; ten white mus- 
lin petticoats ; six pairs of ladies' equestrienne 
tights ; four riding habits ; eighteen sleeping 
corsets ; fifteen chemises of Servian linen, 
gold embroidered ; eleven linen chemises ; 
twenty-four chemises of batiste, different col- 
ors ; thirty-eight silk chemises of different 
colors ; twenty-four nightgowns of silk and 
batiste; eighteen hats; six silk shawls; one 
hundred and eighty-six pairs of shoes ; one 
hundred and twenty-two pairs of silk stock- 
ings ; ninety-four handkerchiefs ; forty-six 
towels ; fourteen fans ; six parasols, handles 
inlaid with precious stones; four umbrellas; 
forty-six various kinds of veils ; eight corsets ; 
fifteen various kinds of belts; one opera hat. 

" To-day women are admitted to the bar on 
equal terms with men in thirty-four States 
of the Union," says Professor Ashley, of 
New York University. " Woman," he 
continues, " is intellectually as capable of 
studying law as man. There is nothing to 
deplore in the tendency of women to enter 
the law. They lose thereby neither charm 
nor any true womanly character ; no study 
or training can change a genuine woman to 
anything else — she will be after, as she was 
before, the same genuine woman. As far as 
education is concerned, woman is in the law 
to stay, and the world will be the better for 
it. New York University has a regular law 
course for women, and has graduated some 
sixty-eight with the degree of bachelor of 
laws. The work of these women in the law 

school is generally excellent, and in some 
cases brilliant." 

A discovery in the land of the Pharaohs 
will interest those whose heads Time has rav- 
aged. A French Egyptologist has recently 
unearthed a papyrus giving a recipe for what 
must in those times have been a royal remedy 
against baldness, since it was concocted for 
no less a personage than King Chata, the 
second sovereign of the first dynasty, about 
4,000 B. C. The remedy was employed by the 
king's mother. It consisted of a salve of dogs' 
paws, dates, and asses' hoofs, pounded up and 
then boiled in oil. With this salve the royal 
head was anointed. As to the result the 
papyrus is regrettably silent. 

" Who's Who in America " is an unfailing 
mine for writers of statistical articles. The 
latest delver in this quarry is Amanda 
Carolyn Northrop, who finds that one woman 
has attained distinction to twelve men ; that 
54 per cent, of these are married, 69 per cent. 
refused to give their ages or their reasons for 
not giving them; that only 15.5 per cent, had 
a college education, and that of these co- 
educational colleges furnished more than the 
women's colleges. About half of the women 
mentioned in the book are authors, with 
artists in the next numerical category. 

Dr. Charles W. Decker, Dentist, 

Phelan Building, 806 Market Street. Specialtv : 
' " Colton Gas " for the painless extracting of teeth." 


From Official Report of Alexander G. McAdie, 
District Forecaster. 

Max. Min. Rain- State of 

Tern. Tern. fall. Weather. 

January 7th 58 46 .00 Clear 

8th 54 44 .00 Pt. Cloudy 

9lh 54 46 .00 Pt. Cloudy 

" 10th 56 46 .00 Rain 

"th 54 48 .00 Pt. Cloudy 

12th 58 46 .00 Pt. Cloudy 

" 13th 54 46 .00 Clear 


The transactions on the Stock and Bond Ex- 
change for the week ending Wednesday, January 
13, 1904, were as follows : 

Bonds. Closed 

Shares. Bid. Asked 

Bay Co. Power 5% 7.000 @ ioiJ£ ioifg 102^ 
Los An. Pac. Ry. 

Con. 5% 3,000 @ 101 101 

Market St. Ry. 1st 

Con. 5% 13.000 @ 113^-114 113% 114& 

N. Pac. C. Ry.5%-. 6.000 ©105 I0S % 

Pac. Elect. Ry. 5% • 30,000 ©104%- 105 104% 105" 

Park Ocean Rv. 6% 2,000 @ 116& ii6# 
S. F. & S. J. Valley 

Ry- 5% 6,000 @ 117^-118 iiSJg 

S. P. R. of Arizona 

6% 1909 30,000 @ 104^-105 105 105^ 

S. P. R. ol Arizona 

6% 1910 52,000 @ 105^-106 106 

S. P. R. of Cal. 6% 

1906 49,000 @ 104% 104^ 

S. P. R. of Cal, 6% 

19" 50,000 @ 115% ii5fg 

S. P. R. of Cal. 5% 

Stpd @ 10S ioS^ 

S. P. Branch, 6%.. 1,000 ©113^ 133^ 

S. V. Water6% 4S,ooo @ 106% 106^ 106^ 

S. V. Water 4%. . .. 18,000 @ 99#- 99H 99^ 99% 

S. V. Water 4% 3d. 10,000 @ 98% ' 98^ 

Stocks. Closed 

Water. Shares. Bid. Asked 

Spring Val. W. Co. 105 @ 39^- 42 40 42 


Anglo-Cal 40 @ 85 85 92^ 

German S. L 5 @ 2,200 2,150 2,300 

Street R. R. 

Presidio 20 @ 38 38 


Giant Con 90 @ 60- 62M 60 60% 

Suga rs. 

Hawaiian C. S 105 @ 43M- 44 42M 44}^ 

Honokaa S. Co 325 @ I2J4- 12% i2j^ i2jfC 

Hutchinson 150 @ 8 8 

Makaweli S. Co.. . . 140 @ 22j£ 22# 

PaauhauS. Co. 50 @ 14 13 14 

Gas and Electric. 

S. F.Gas&El'ctric 2,060 @ 54%- 59 56J£ 57 

Miscella neons. 

Alaska Packers. .. 295 ©131- 136^ 136^ 138^ 

Cal. Fruit Canners. 15 @ 94 95 

Cal. Wine Assn 90 @ 9i%- 9454 93j£ 

Oceanic S.Co 205 @ 4 4 5 

Spring Valley Water was in good demand, and on 
sales of 105 shares sold up three points to 42, closing 
at 40 bid, 42 asked. 

Alaska Packers on sales of 295 shares sold as high 
as 136J5, a gain of five and one-half points from 
lowest quotation, closing at 136^ bid. 138!; asked. 

Giant Powder was weak, selling off two and one- 
half points to 60 on sales of 90 shares. 

The sugars have been quiet, with narrow fluctu- 

San Francisco Gas and Electric lias been active, 
2,o5o shares changing hands, the stock selling down 
as low as 54%, a loss of nine points, but at the close 
was in better demand at 56M hid. 57 asked. 


Local Stocks and Securities. Refers by permission 
to Wells Fargo & Co. and Anglo-Californian Banks. 

A. W. BLOW, 

Member Stock and Bond Exchange. 

A. W. 

Tel. Bush 24. 


304 Montgomery St., S. F. 










are perfect In action. Over 50 \ 
years* experience guides tnel 
manufacture. Gettheimproved. 1 
No tacks required. To avoid 
Imitations, notice script nameof 
Stewart Hartshobk on label. 

Free Trial 



m s# 



by the 


A Trial Treatment 
FREE to Any One 
Afflicted with Haw- 
on Face, Neck or 

We have at last made the discovery which has baffled 
chemists and all others for centuries— that of absolutely 
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any way the finest or most sensitive skin. 

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73 a n d BO Fifth Avenue, Mew fork 



San Francisco, Cal. 




By special arrangement with the publishers, and 
by concessions in price on both sides, we are enabled 
to make the following offer, open to all subscribers 
direct to this office. Subscribers in renewing sub- 
scriptions to Eastern periodicals will please mention 
the date of expiration in order to avoid mistakes. 

Argonaut, aud Century #7.00 

Argonaut and Scribner's Magazine 6.25 

Argonaut and St. Nicholas 6.00 

Argonaut and Harper's Magazine 6.70 

Argonaut aud Harper's Weekly. 6.70 

Argonaut and Harper's Bazaar 4.35 

Argonaut and "Weekly New York Trib- 
une (Republican) 4.50 

Argonaut and Thrice - a - Week New 

York World (Democratic) 4.25 

Argonaut, Weekly Tribune, aud 

Weekly World 5.35 

Argonaut and Political Science Quar- 
terly 5.90 

Argonaut and Knglish Illustrated 

Magazine 4.70 

Argonaut and Atlantic Monthly 6.70 

Argonaut and Judge 7.50 

Argonaut and Blackwood's Magazine. 6.20 

Argonaut and Critic 5.10 

Argonaut and Iiife...rv 7.75 

Argonaut and Puck 7.50 

Argonaut and Current Literature 5.90 

Argonaut and Nineteenth Century 7.25 

Argonaut and Argosy 4.35 

Argonaut and Overland Monthly 4.25 

Argonaut and Review of Reviews 5.75 

Argonaut and Lippincott's Magazine.. 5.20 
Argonaut and North American Review 7.50 

Argonaut and Cosmopolitan 4.35 

Argouaut aud Forum 6.00 

Argonaut and Vogue 6.10 

Argonaut and Iiittell's Living Age 9.00 

Argonaut and Leslie's Weekly 6.70 

Argonaut and International Magazine 4.50 

Argonaut and Mexican Herald.- 10.50 

Argonaut and Munsey's Magazine 4.35 

Argonaut and the Criterion. 4.35 

Argonaut and the Out West 5.25 

January 18, 1904. 




Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise. 

Among the office-seekers who came before 
President Harrison, was one who wanted to 
represent the United States at Yokohama. 
" Do you speak Japanese?" asked the Presi- 
dent. The applicant faltered ; then said he 
did. " Well," said the President, " let me 
hear you speak it." "' All right ! Ask me 
something in Japanese." 

In Provo, Utah, there dwells a vegetearian 
with whom Senator Reed Smoot loves to 
argue. The vegetarian declared, during one 
of their heated debates, that one should not 
eat eggs, even, as they hatch into meat, and 
therefore are meat. " Well," said the sen- 
ator, " the kind of eggs I eat wouldn't hatch 
into meat. I. eat them boiled — not raw." 

In arguing a case in an English court, the 
late Frederick Rene Coudert, whose wit was 
rapier-like, took occasion to deprecate the 
legal learning of Lord Chancellor Fitzgibbon. 
whom his opponent was quoting. The trial 
judge took timid exception to this. " I have 
read his opinions," he said, " and I have often 
wished I knew as much law as he did." " I 
wish to God you did!" retorted Coudert. 

Dougald Stewart, being asked how far back 
he could remember, declared : 

" I recollect a nurse called Ann 

Who carried me about the grass. 
And one fine day a fine young man 

Came up and kissed the pretty lass. 
She did not make the least objection. 
Thinks I, 'Aha! 

" When I can talk I'll tell mamma.* 
And that's my earliest recollection." 

It was before bicycles became so popular 
as they are now that a Yankee farmer was 
importuned by a dealer to buy one for 
seventy-five dollars. " I'd rather spend the 
money on a cow," was the farmer's answer. 
" But what an idiot you would look riding 
about the town on the back of a cow." " Per- 
haps so," replied the farmer, " but not half 
such an idiot as I'd look trying to milk a 

When Sir Charles Gavan Duffy was a 
member of the Melbourne Parliament, he de- 
clared that the conduct of the opposition 
was worse than Nero's. A wealthy but ig- 
norant butcher, also a member of Parlia- 
ment, asked, with scorn and sincerity, " Who 
was Nero?" "Who was Nero?" replied the 
delighted chief secretary - ; "the honorable 
gentleman ought to know. Nero was a cele- 
brated Roman butcher." 

The following sentiment has been variously 
attributed to Stephen Grellet, Sir Rowland 
Hill, and to Edward Courtenay and the Earl 
of Devon, and is said to have been inscribed 
upon the tombstone of the latter: "I expect 
to pass through this world but once. If, 
therefore, there be any kindness I can show 
or any good thing I can do to any fellow- 
being, let me do it now. Let me not defer 
it nor neglect it, for I shall not pass this way 

Sir Henry Irving was in New York when 
Nat Goodwin, who was playing Bottom in 
" Midsummer Night's Dream," had a narrow 
escape from death while crossing Brooklyn 
Bridge. Sir Henry was very incredulous 
about the story, insisting that the papers 
had been humbugged. When finally assured 
that the accident had actually happened, he 
remarked: "Well, I thought it might have 
been one of Goodwin's midwinter night 

Herbert Spencer was intolerant of dis- 
honesty. While visiting Montreal he was 
urgently invited to see a costly mansion that 
was being built for an unscrupulous million- 
aire. He indignantly refused. " It is 
largely," he said, "the admiring the osten- 
tation of such men that makes them possible. 
Baron Grant, the fraudulent speculator, sent 
me an invitation for the inaugural of 
Leicester Square, his gift to London. Before 
a party of friends I tore the card in pieces. 
Such men as Grant try to compensate for rob- 
bing Peter by giving Paul what they do not 
owe him." 

When Brander Matthews went to his club 
one evening, not long ago, according to the 
Bookman, he went to the letter-box, 
and looked through the compartment marked 
" M," and found therein a very per- 
emptory dun from a tailor. Mr. Matthews 
was puzzled, as he had had no dealings with 
the insistent tailor, until he again looked at 
the envelope and found that he had unwit- 
tingly opened a letter belonging to another 
J ; member of the club; so he put the bill back 
-in the envelope and returned it to the com- 
partment. As Mr. Matthews was turning to 
go, he noticed the member for whom the 
bill was intended coming toward the letter- 
box. A minute later he came into the read- 
ing-room, where Mr. Matthews was sitting 
with several others. Taking from its enve- 

lope the bill, he read it attentively for a few 
minutes, sighed, tore it into bits, then with a 
wink and the leer of an invincible conqueror, 
commented: "Poor, silly little girl." 

The late John Swinton, for many years 
managing editor of the New York Sun, once 
gave Mr. Dana an answer that emphasizes 
the difference between genius and talent. Mr. 
Dana remarked that he needed a first-class 
editorial writer, and was willing to pay him 
one hundred and twenty-five dollars a week. 
" But you can not get a first-class man for 
that," protested Mr. Swinton. "Why not?" 
asked Mr. Dana ; " that is what I pay you, 
and don't you consider yourself a first-class 
man?" "No, Mr. Dana," rejoined Mr. Swin- 
ton; "if I were a 'first-class man' I should 
be paying you one hundred and twenty-five 
dollars a week." 

Vigor of speech was a characteristic of 
Judge Burr, of Connecticut, who lately re- 
signed from the bench on account of deaf- 
ness. A New Haven lawyer once introduced 
to Judge Burr an almost unknown but very 
self-confident novelist, whose good opinion of 
himself has been justified since by events. 
In his conversation with the judge, he did 
not fail to make known his estimate of his 
own brilliancy. Judge Burr observed the 
young man closely and sternly. Finally he 
said : " So you expect to be famous some 
day, eh?" " Some day," said the young man, 
" I expect to have the world at my feet." 
" What have you been doing all this time," 
said the judge, "walking on your hands?" 


Translated for the Argonaut. 

Baby Lillie is having her supper, and a 
lady visitor tells her a nice fairy-story, when 
she bursts out crying. 

"What's the matter, Lillie?" 

" Why, I have eaten all my supper, and, as 
she was telling me a story, I did not know 
I was eating it !" 

Husband — " I will get our pet dog stuffed 
if he dies." 

Wife — " Well, it's more than you would do 
for me !" 

" How high should a lady raise her dress?" 
" Oh, just above two feet." 

" My son, how many times must I call 

" Well, mother, I never hear you till the 
fifth time." 


Chemistry class : 

" What precautions must be taken with 
water ?" 

" Boil it — then filter it " 

" And then?" 

" Then — drink beer." 

Thin girl — " It's curious — your dog always 
goes for my leg." 

Fat girl — " Not at all — he likes bones." 

In the country : 

" It is funny, but the eggs seem to us to be 
fresher in Paris." 

Farmer — " Nonsense! Why, we bring them 
from there !" 

Historical rooms : 

" This is where the duke was assassin- 

"Indeed? But last year you showed us 
another room for that story." 

" So we did, but that room is now being 

Drunkard sleeping on a city park bench — 
" My, but the police are no good here — it is 
3 a. M. — and I am not arrested yet." 

"What an awful talker she is I" 

" Yes, she is always interrupting me." 

In the Alps : 

" What would you do, guide, if I rolled 
over the precipice?" 

" Great heavens ! don't talk that way — why 
that mule cost me ten francs!" 

At school : 

" Did Marie get a prize?" 
" No, it seems her copy-book was blank." 
" Well, they might have given her a prize 
for cleanliness, anyway." 

" Why, my dog was the smartest one I 
ever saw — he would go for a thief or any 
bad man at once on sight," 

"Indeed? Where is he?" 

" Well, I sold him — he bit me!" T. L. 

Nice, December, 1903. 

If Your I'll > -n'iaii - 
prescribes a milk diet, for its easy digestibility, it will 
be well to use Borden's Peerless Brand Evaporated 
Cream to gel a rich, deliciously flavored milk food, 
perfectly sterilized, according to latest sanitary meth- 
ods. For general household uses. Prepared by 
Borden's Condensed Milk Co. 

The Sad Story of Gentle Jane. 
Gentle Jane went walking, where 
She espied a Grizzly Bear; 
Flustered by the quadruped 
Gentle Jane just lost her head. 

Last week Tuesday, gentle Jane 

Met a passing railroad train; 

"Ah, good-afternoon," she said; 

But the train just cut her dead. 

Gentle Jane went out to skate: 
She fell through at half-past eight. 
Then the lake, with icy glare, 
Said, " Such girls I can not bear." 

Once her brother's child, for fun. 
Pointed at her aunt a gun. 
At this conduct of her niece's 
Gentle Jane went all to pieces. 

In the big steam-roller's path 
Gentle Jane expressed her wrath. 
It passed over. After that 
Gentle Jane looked rather flat 

— Carolyn Wells. 

Willie Est Mort. Vive Willie. 
Willie poached his baby sister 

O'er the kitchen range. 
Mother said, before they missed her: 
" My, this room smells strange!" 

— Yale Record. 

Patti's Farewell. 

(With apologies to one R. Kipling.) 

" W'at are the folks a-crowdin' fer?" inquired 

the ancient maid. 
" To 'ear the diva sing farewell," the kid with 

papers said. 
" It 'pears I 'eard it long ago," observed the 

ancient maid. 
" You 'eard a bluff, you 'eard a bluff," the kid 

with papers said. 
" Though pushin' 'ard on sixty-one, she 'as the 
nerve to come, 
An' bring along a steerer by the name of Ceder- 

strom ; 
You kin betcher life, between 'em, the people 

will be done — 
They'll be countin' of our money in the 
morn in'." 

" W'at price do they now ask for seats?" in- 
quired the ancient maid. 
" 'Bout all they kin out of you beat," the kid 

with papers said. 
" W'y chargin' sich a price to-day?" inquired the 

ancient maid. 
" They know de bloomin' fools will pay," the kid 

with papers said. 
" Aint you 'eard of that ole sayin' 'bout w'at 

is in a name? 
Well, you kin bet that Patti, too, 'as often 'eard 

the same, 
That she an" Mr. Cederstrom 'ave studied well 

the game — 
They'll be countin' of our money in the 

morn in'." 

" Oh, great the diva that I 'eard!" exclaimed the 

ancient maid. 
" It's bum' the one that now is 'eard," the kid 

with papers said. 
" Oh, who would sich a word now use?" said then 

the ancient maid. 
" Can not you read? Can not you read?" the kid 

with papers said. 
" Now, if you can't, jes' len' your ear an' I will 
to you tell, 
From all the blokes who write her up she's 

just a-ketchin' 'ell. 
An' you could safely betcher life that this is the 

* farewell ' — 
She'll count no more big money in the 

— Ernest M. Ptummer in Philadelphia Record. 

The teacher called the bright boy up to her 
desk. " Now, Homer," she said, " can you tell 
the class why Paul Revere was so successful 
in his ride?" " Because he didn't start in an 
automobile," responded the bright boy. — Chi- 
cago Daily News, 

" He says his wife is largely responsible 
for his business success." " Well, she has 
certainly made it absolutely necessary for him 
to earn more money." — Philadelphia Press. 

A Popular Seed Firm. 

An independent concern which has at- 
tained to mammoth proportions is the seed 
business of D. M. Ferry & Co., who for nearly 
half a century have gone forward each year, 
constantly adding new customers and retain- 
ing all their old ones. Thousands of farmers, 
gardeners, and flower growers look to them 
year after year for the seeds from which the 
prosperity of their fields and gardens is to 
grow. You can buy Ferry's seeds in every 
city, town, or hamlet of this land, and you are 
always certain that they are fresh, true to 
name, and sure to grow. Their 1904 Seed An- 
nual, a valuable guide in the selection of the 
proper seeds to plant, will be sent free to 
all readers who apply to D. M. Ferry & Co., 
Detroit, Mich. 

Tesla Briquettes are 
Excellent domestic fuel 
Since recently improved. 
Let us send you 
A ton — and please you. 

Tesla Coal Co., phone South 95. 


From New York Saturdays at 9.30 a. m. 

St. Paul Jan 23 I St. Louis Feb. 6 

Philadelphia Jan. 30 | New York .Feb. 13 

Philadelphia— Queenstown— Liverpool. 
Friesland. Jan. 23, 1.30pm I Westernland-.Feb. 6, 2 pm 
Merion. . .. Jan. 30, 8.30am I Haveriord...Feb. 13,8 am 



Minnetonka Jan. 23, 9 am 

Marquette Jan. 30, 9 am 

Minnehaha Feb- 6, 9 am 

Minneapolis Feb. 13, 3 pm 

Only first-class passengers carried. 


Portland— Liverpool — Short sea passage. 

Dominion Jan. 23 I Dominion Feb. 27 

Canada Feb. 6 | Canada March 12 



New Twin-Screw Steamers of 12,500 Tons. 

Sailing Tuesdays at 10 a. m. 

f Amsterdam Jan. 26 I «Sloterdyk Feb. 16 

Potterdam Feb. 2 | Statendam Feb. 23 

f Steerage only. * Freight only. 


Sailing Saturdays at 10.30 a m. 

Kroonland Jan. 23 | Finland Feb. 6 

Zeeland Jan. 30 1 Vaderland Feb. 13 



Teutonic ..Jan. 20, 10. am I Oceanic Feb. 10, 1 pm 

Cedric Jan 27, noon I Celtic Feb. 17, 6 am 

Majestic Feb. 3, 10 am | Cedric Feb. 24, 11 am 

Boston— Queenstown— Liverpool. 

Cymric - Jan. 21, Feb. iS, March 17 

Cretic Feb. 4, March 3, March 31 

Boston Mediterranean Direct 


Canopic. Jan. 30, Mar. 12 

Republic (new) Feb. 13, Mar. 26 

Romanic Feb. 27, April 9, May 14 

C. I>. TAYLOR. Passenger Agent, Pacific Coast. 
21 Post Street, San Francisco. 

Occidental and Oriental 


Steamers leave Wharf corner First and Brannan 
Streets, at 1 P. M., for 
Honolulu, YOKOHAMA, Kobe, Nagasaki, Shanghai, 
and HONG KONG, as follows: 1904 

Coptic Friday, Jan. 15 

Gaelic Wednesday, Feb. 10 

Doric (Calling at Manila) Saturday, 31 ch 5 

No cargo received on board on day oi sailing. 
Round-Trip Tickets at reduced rates. 
For freight and passage apply at company's office, 
No. 421 Market Street, corner First Street. 

D. D. STUBBS. General Manager. 






Steamers will leave Whari, corner First and Brannan 
Streets, 1 p. m. lor YOKOHAMA and HONG KONG 
callingat Kobe (HiogoJ, Nagasaki, and Shanghai. and 
connecting at Hong Kong \vith steamers for India, etc. 
No cargo received on board on day of sailing. 1904 

America Maru Monday, January 2 5 

Hongkong Mara . ..Wednesday, February 17 

Nippon Maru Tuesday, March 15 

Via Honolulu. Round-trip tickets at reduced rates. 
For freight and passage apply at company's office, 
431 Market Street, corner First. 

W. H. AVERY, General Agent. 


Sierra, 6200 tons | Sonoma, 6200 tons [ Ventura, 6200 tons 

S. S. Sonoma, for Honolulu, Pago Pago, Auckland. 

and Sydney, Thursday, Jan. 21, at 2 p. m. 
S. S. Alameda, for Honolulu only, Jan. 30, at 11 

A. M. 

S. S. Mariposa, for Tahiti, Feb. 11, at 11 a. m. 

J. D. Spreckels & Eros. Co., Agts., 643 Market 
Street. Freight Office, 329 Market St., San Francisco. 


Telephone Bush 12. 


Branches— 5a Taylor Si- and 200 Montgomery Ave. 

202 Third St. 1738 Market St. 

Laundry on 12th St. between Howard and Folsom. 

ORDINARY MENDING, etc., Free of Charge 

Work called tor and delivered Free of Charge. 


a new and original process through which we 
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January 18, 1904. 

Notes and Gossip. 
The wedding of Miss Sarah Randolph Col- 
houn, daughter of Pay Director Samuel Reed 
Colhoun, U. S. N.. and Mrs. Colhoun. to Pay- 
master Eugene Hermann Tricou, U. S. N., son 
of Mr. Henry P. Tricou. took place in New 
York on Friday. January 15th. 

The wedding of Miss Susan Steed Davis, 
daughter of Major Edward Davis. U. S. A., 
and Mrs. Davis, to Mr. H. McK. Harrison, 
took place at St. Clement's Church. Honolulu, 
on December 29th. Among the guests were 
Governor Carter and Mrs. Carter, Bishop 
Restarick and Mrs. Restarick, and many of 
the military officers in Honolulu. 

Invitations have been issued for the wed- 
ding of Miss Bernie Robinson Drown, daugh- 
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Newell Drown, 
to Mr. Samuel Hort Boardman at St. Luke's 
Church, at noon on Saturday, January 30th. 
Miss Virginia Newell Drown will be the maid 
of honor, and Miss Linda Cadwalader, Miss 
Estella Kane, of New York, Miss Charlotte 
Ellinwood, and Miss Suzanne Blanding will 
act as bridesmaids. The ceremony will be 
followed by a reception at the residence of the 
bride's parents. 2550 Jackson Street. 

Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Wilson gave a 
dinner in honor of Miss Mabel Cluff and Mr. 
John C. Wilson at their residence on Broad- 
way on Monday evening. Others at table were 
Mr. and Mrs. William Cluff, Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry Dutton. Mrs. Harry Macfarlane, Mr. 
and Mrs. George Downey. Miss Pearl Land- 
ers. Miss Helen de Young. Miss Helen Wag- 
ner, Miss Bessie Wilson. Miss Constance de 
Young. Miss Jennie Blair, Miss Florence 
Bailey. Miss Frances Harris, Miss Helen 
Pettigrew, Miss Gertrude Campbell, Miss Ger- 
trude Dutton, Miss Katherine Herrin, Mr. 
Athole McBean, Mr. Douglas Waterman, Mr. 
Gerald Buckley, Mr. Reddick Duperu, Lieu- 
tenant Joseph V. Kusnik, U. S. A., Mr. J. 
Howell, Judge Kerrigan, Mr. Frank Owen, 
Mr. George Field, Mr. Richard Hotaling, Mr. 
Edward M. Greenway, Mr. Clarence Follis, 
and Mr. Edgar Mizner. 

Mrs. Joseph S. Spear gave a luncheon at 
the Palace Hotel on Wednesday in honor 
of Mr. Spear's birthday. Others at table 
were Governor George C. Pardee and Mrs. 
Pardee, Mr. Chauncey M. St. John, Colonel 
Stratton and Mrs. Stratton. Mr. and Mrs. 
William Cluff, Mr. and Mrs. Jules L. Brett, 
Judge Hall, of Oakland, Mrs. Frank J. 
Dougherty, Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Spear, 
Mrs. Charlotte Hall, Mr. and Mrs. Gustavus 
Spear, and Mr. Joseph S. Spear, Jr. 

Mrs. Joseph D. Grant gave a luncheon on 
Thursday at her residence on Broadway in 
honor of Mrs. Allen Lewis, of Portland, Or. 
Covers were laid for nine. 

Mrs. John D. Spreckels, Jr.. gave a 
luncheon and theatre-party on Saturday in 
honor of Miss Mabel Cluff. Mrs. Spreckels's 
guests were Miss Cluff, Mrs. M. H. de Young, 
Miss Helen de Young, Miss Constance de 
Young. Miss Ethyl Hager, and Miss Pearl 

Mrs. Robert Oxnard recently gave a 
luncheon at her residence, 2104 Broadway, in 
honor of Mrs. Allen Lewis, of Portland, Or., 
who is here visiting her mother, Mrs. 
Nicholas Kittle. 

Mrs. Joseph Donohoe held a reception on 
Wednesday at her residence. 1409 Sutter 
Street. She was assisted in receiving by 
Mrs. John Parrott, Mrs. Louis B. Parrott. the 
Misses de Guigne, and the Misses Parrott. 

Mr. and Mrs. William G. Irwin recently 
gave a dinner at their residence, on Washing- 
ton and Laguna Streets, in honor of Mr. and 
Mrs. Norris King Davis. Others present 
were Mr. and Mrs. Walter S. Martin, Mr. 
and Mrs. Frederick McNear, Mrs. William 
Taylor, Mr. and Mrs. Harry Poett, Miss 
Suzanne Rlanding, Miss Bernie Drown, Miss 
Virginia Joliffe, Miss Eleanor Morgan, Miss 
Emily Wilson, Miss Linda Cadwalader, Mr. 
Edward M. Greenway, Dr. Harry Tevis, Mr. 
Samuel Boardman, Mr. Harry Holbrook. Mr. 

Harry Stetson, and Mr. Edgar Mizner. 

Mrs. (,r;i\snTi Dutton held her second "at 
home" at her residence, 824 Sutter Street, 
on Monday. Those who assisted in receiv- 
ing were Mrs. Charles Kindleberger. M ISS 

Genevieve I luntsman, and Miss i-.u-lka Wil- 

Mrs. William 1 [inckley Taylor gave a 
bridge whist ]>:iriy on Wednesday afternoon 
at tin residence 'if her mother, Mrs. Kittle. 

The Old Reliable 





There is no substitute 

on Pacific Avenue and Steiner Street, in 
honor of her sister, Mrs. Allen Lewis, of 
Portland, Or. Mrs. Taylor was assisted in 
receiving by Mrs. Kittle, Mrs. Lewis, and 
Mrs. George Boyd. Others present were 
Mrs. Chauncey Rose Winslow, Mrs. Robert 
Oxnard, Mrs. William S. Tevis, Mrs. Norman 
McLaren, Mrs. William G. Irwin, Mrs. 
Edward L. Eyre, Mrs. Rudolph Spreckels, 
Mrs. Gordon Blanding, Mrs. Rowie-Detrick, 
Mrs. Horace Blanchard Chase, Mrs. Mount- 
ford S. Wilson, Mrs. Mayo Newhall. Mrs. 
John Parrott. Mrs. Joseph Donohoe, Mrs. 
Richard Girvin. Mrs. Carter P. Pomeroy, 
Mrs. William Babcock, Mrs. James Otis, 
Mrs. Frederick Beaver, Mrs. Frederick Tal- 
lant, Mrs. Beverly MacMonagle, Mrs. George 
Newhall. and Mrs. Joseph D. Grant. 

Mrs. Samuel Knight received on Friday 
afternoon, January 8th, at her Pacific Avenue 

Miss Carrie Gwinn gave a euchre-party 
at her residence on Gough Street last Satur- 
day. Her guests were Mrs. James Follis, Mrs. 
Maynard. Mrs. J. de Barth Shorb, Mrs. Shorb 
White, Mrs. Maurice Casey, Mrs. George C. 
Boardman, Mrs. William Smedberg, Mrs. 
Horace Davis, Mrs. George Gibbs, Mrs. Le 
Favre, Mrs. William G. Irwin. Mrs. J. Van 
Dyke Middleton, Mrs. Storm, Mrs. Harland, 
Mrs. Mendell, Mrs. L. L. Baker, Mrs. Mayo 
Newhall, Mrs. Clay, Mrs. George D. Toy, 
Mrs. James Carolan, Mrs. Adam Grant, Mrs. 
Southard Hoffman, Mrs. Butler, Mrs. Hyde- 
Smith, and Mrs. Winslow Anderson. 

Mrs. Horace Davis, Mrs. Norris King 
Davis, and Mrs. Frederick Randolph King 
held the second of their January " at homes " 
on Tuesday afternoon. Those who assisted 
in receiving were Mrs. Mountford S. Wilson, 
Mrs. Robert Hooker, Mrs. Ansel Easton. Mrs. 
W. F. Fuller, Miss West. Mrs. L. L. Baker, 
Mrs. James Hogg, Mrs. Eugene Murphy, Mrs. 
Robert Oxnard, Miss Beaver, Mrs. P. B. 
Cornwall. Mrs. James Otis, Mrs. Chaunecy 
Winslow, Mrs. John F. Swift, Mrs. Walter 
S. Martin, Mrs. William G. Irwin, Mrs. Fred- 
erick McNear. Mrs. Henry McDonald Spen- 
cer, Mrs. John Sroufe, and -Mrs. Lawrence 

Miss Margaret Wilson, Miss Ruth Allen, 
and Miss Beth Allen gave a dancing-party at 
the residence of Mr. and Mrs. James ' M. 
Allen, 3400 Washington Street, on Tuesday 
evening, in honor of Miss Marian Huntington. 
Among those present were Miss Christine 
Pomeroy, Miss Lucie Gwin Coleman, Miss 
Elizabeth Huntington, Miss Marian Hunting- 
ton, Miss Elizabeth Livermore, Miss Frances 
McKinstry, Miss Margaret Mee, Miss Ethel 
Kent, Miss Florence Gibbons, Miss Marjorie 
Gibbons, Miss Mattie . Milton, Miss Maud 
Woods, Miss Mabel Toy, Miss Elsie Tallant, 
Major William Stephenson, U. S. A., Captain 
Frederick E. Johnston, U. S. A.. Mr. -Hubert 
Mee, Mr. Wilbur Burnett, Lieutenant Ed- 
ward M. Shinkle, U. S. A., Mr. Sherril 
Schell, Mr. Fletcher Hamilton, Mr. Lucius 
Allen, Mr. Will Breeze, Mr. Brockway Met- 
calfe, Mr. Everett Bee, Mr. Norman Liver- 
more, and Mr. Perry Evans. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Whittell gave a ball 
at their residence, 1155 California Street, on 
Tuesday evening, in honor of their niece, 
Miss Florence Whittell. 

Mr. and Mrs. M. H. de Young have sent 
out cards for a tea for Saturday afternoon, 
January 23d, from four to seven o'clock, at 
their residence, 1919 California Street, at 
which their daughter, Miss Constance de 
Young, will make her formal debut. 

Miss Gertrude Palmer will give an informal 
tea to-day (Saturday) at her residence, on 
Steiner and Jackson Streets, in honor of 
Mrs. Harry Macfarlane. Miss Palmer will 
be assisted in receiving by Mrs. Henry Fos- 
ter Dutton, Mrs. Tomlinson, Mrs. William 
Lindsey Spencer, Mrs. Arthur Wallace, Mrs. 
Charles Gardiner, of Alameda, the Misses 
Gibbs, Miss Jessie Fillmore, Miss Hat tie 
Currier, Miss Katherine Du Val, Miss 
Jeanette Hooper, Miss Gertrude Van Wyck, 
Miss Alvette Edwards, and Miss Eleanor 

Miss Alice Treanor has sent out cards 
for a tea on Monday, at her residence, 
1 1 18 Gough Street, in honor of Miss Mabel 
Donaldson and Miss Katherine Selfridge. 

Mrs. Austin Spcrry. the Misses Sperry, 
Mrs. Horace B. Sperry, and Mrs. Austin 
Sperry, Jr., will be at home this (Saturday) 
afternoon, from four until six o'clock, al the 
residence of Mrs. Austin Sperry, 2100 Pacilic 

Mrs. Lucius I I. FoOte, wile of < ieilei al 
LuClUS II. Foote, has issued cards for a 
luncheon, to take place on Wednesday. Janu- 
ary 20th. 

Mi-.. Sidney M. Van Wyek, Jr.. 1 001 Pine 
Street, has issued cards for the third and 
fourth Mondays. 

\1 iss Elizabeth Livermore will give an 
informal tea this (Saturday) afternoon, at 
her residence, 1023 Vallejo Street, She will 

be assisted in receiving by her sister. Miss 
Livermore. and Miss Mattie Livermore. 

Mrs, A. B. C. Dohrniann has .sent out 
cards for a tea to be given at her residence, 
I480 Page Street. tO-day 1 Saturday f. from 
three until six o'clock. 

The Mardi Gras Hall will take place at 
the Ilopkin's Institute of Art on February 
16th. Mr. John M. Gamble and Mr. I tarry 
\\ . Sea well will have charge of the dec 

orations. Mr. Henry Heyman will arrange 
and conduct the music, and Mrs. Albertine 
Randall Wheelan will design the invitations, 
which will be dainty and humorous and 
worth treasuring. Already two boxes have 
been applied for, Mr. William Babcock tak- 
ing the first, and Mr. Willis Davis the other. 
Mrs. H. E. Huntington has issued invita- 
tions for a dance at the Huntington resi- 
dence on Monday evening. A dinner will 
be given to a number of the guests before 
the dance. 

William McMurray's Promotion. 
After sixteen years' service with the 
Southern Pacific, William McMurray, the 
well-known agent of the Information Bureau, 
has severed his connection with the rail- 
road company to accept an appointment as 
representative of the new St. Francis Hotel, 
which opens on March 1st. During recent 
years Mr. McMurray has been instrumental 
in bringing many large conventions to Cali- 
fornia, the most recent being the Bankers' 
Convention, which was secured for San 
Francisco largely through his efforts. During 
the Epworth League Convention, he had 
charge of the counties' exhibit at the Me- 
chanics' Pavilion, which was so great a suc- 
cess, and he also superintended a similar 
exhibition at the Ferry Building during the 
Mystic Shriners" Convention. 

The Surety Company, which is on the offi- 
cial bond of City and County Treasurer Mc- 
Dougald, has counted the cash in the treas- 
ury in the presence of Auditor Harry Baehr. 
He found that the cash balance was 
seven cents in excess of the ledger balance, 
which was accounted for by the failure to 
make exact change in cents on all trans- 
actions. There was on hand the sum of 
$-■593-5 * ] - 7 1 - The last time the coin was 
counted the amount was one cent short, and 
the treasurer's friends all over the State 
made merry by remitting copper cents to 
make good his shortage. 

Mr. Richard P. Schwerin, manager of the 
department of purchases and supplies of the 
Southern Pacific Company for over ten 
years past, severed his connection with the 
company Monday. The new head of the 
department will be Mr. Richard Stevenson. 
Henceforth, Mr. Schwerin will devote all of 
his time to the affairs of the Pacific Mail 
Steamship Company and to Harriman's 
Portland and Oriental line. 

The California Polo and Pony Racing As- 
sociation will hold a tournament at Del 
Monte, from February 16th to February zzd. 
Prizes are to be given, and all lovers of this 
sport will have an opportunity to see some 
good matches. The through sleeping-car 
service between Los Angeles and Del Monte 
effective, at that time will give Eastern peo- 
ple in Los Angeles a chance to see the 

Major John Bigelow, Jr., U. S. A., com- 
manding officer at the Presidio, has an- 
nounced his intention of turning the golf 
links there into a drill ground. When per- 
mission was granted the San Francisco Golf 
Club to use that portion of the Presidio 
for its links, it was with the understanding 
that they might, be called upon at any time 
to give them up. 

The ride up the Mt. Tamalpais railway, 
the crookedest and most picturesque in the 
world, only partly prepares one for the mag- 
nificent view to be had from the top of the 
mountain, from which one sees ocean, bay, 
cities, mountains, and valleys, comprising the 
most variegated scenery in California. The 
Tavern is a model of comfort. 


People have no idea how 
crude and cruel soap can be. 

It takes off dirt. So far, 
so good; but what else does 
it do. 

It cuts the skin and frets 
the und r-skin; makes red- 
ness and roughness and 
leads to worse. Not soap, 
but the alkali in it. 

Pears' Soap has no free, al- 
kali in it. It neither reddens 
nor roughens the skin. It re- 
sponds to water instantly; wash- 
es and rinses off in a twinkling; is 
as ger tie as strong; and the 
after-i ffect is every way good w 
Established over 100 vears. 




113 Geary Street 




Phelan Building, Rooms 1 , 2, 3 


The Importations tor the if ear 1903 of 

G. H. MUMM & Co's 


were 121,528 £4HI 

GREATER by nearly 20,000 

cases than the importations 

of any other brand. 

January 18, 1904. 







Mr. and Mrs. Henry W. Poett have taken 
apartments at the Knickerbocker. 

Mr. and Mrs. Allan Wallace, of New 
York, have joined Mrs. Loughborough and 
Miss Josephine Loughborough in Italy. 

Mr. and Mrs. Peter D. Martin arrived from 
New York on Monday, and are the guests 
of Mrs. Eleanor Martin, at her residence 
on Broadway. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Searles sailed on the 
Oceanic steamship Siberia last week for 
their wedding journey in Japan. 

Miss Helen Wagner leaves on Monday for 
San Diego, where she will join Miss Grace 
Spreckels and Miss Lillie Speckels. 

Miss Hazel King, who is at Santa Bar- 
bara, will remain there until early in Feb- 

Mrs. Irvine and her son, Mr. James W. 
Byrne, have* departed for New York. 

Mrs. Jane Stanford was in Egypt, when 
last heard from. 

Miss Jennie Flood will leave for New 
York on Sunday. She expects to be absent 
about two months. 

Mr. and Mrs. Philip Edward Thompkin- 
son have returned from their wedding jour- 
ney, and are at 1076 Bush Street. 

Mrs. Samuel Buckbee is expected back 
next week from New York. 

Miss Edith Chesebrough spent last week 
with Mrs. W. G. Miller at the Mare Island 
Navy Yard. 

Mr. Southard Hoffman returned last 
week to Honolulu on the Oceanic steamship 

Mr. and Mrs. Brewster Valentine, of New 
York, are in San Jose for the winter. 

Mr. Laurence McCreary, who has been 
spending some time at Burlingame, left for 
New York during the week. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robinson Riley are here 
from Santa Barbara on a visit of several 

Miss Margaret Wilson left for her home 
in Baltimore last Tuesday. 

Dr. Wakefield and Miss Wakefield have 
returned to San Jose after a week's visit 

Mr. and Mrs. Guy Barham are at the Pal- 
ace Hotel for several weeks' stay. 

The Misses Morrison came up from San 
Jose last week to attend the Patti concerts. 

Mrs. Lily Langtry, the famous English 
actress, is a guest at the Hotel Granada. 

Mr. and Mrs. L. J. Holton and Mrs. Har- 
riet P. Miller left Monday on a week's au- 
tomobile trip to San Jose, Del Monte, and 
other points. 

Mr. Joseph Greenbaum has returned from 
a four years' stay in Europe. 

Mrs. H. A. Morrow is visiting her son, 
Major H. M. Morrow, U. S. A., and will 
spend the winter at 1076 Bush Street. 

Major Robert H. Montgomery, U. S. A., 
retired, and Mr. Richard Montgomery, of 
New York, visited San Jose recently, en 
route to Pasadena, where they will pass the 
winter. While in San Jose they were enter- 
tained at dinner by the Misses Morrison. 

Army and Navy News. 

Brigadier-General Charles A. Woodruff. 
U. S. A., and Mrs. Woodruff are residing at 
1076 Bush Street, for the winter. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Mariqn P. Maus, U. 
S. A., who was stationed in San Francisco 
several years ago as inspector-general on 
General Shafter's staff, has now attained the 
rank of full colonel. 

Commander Reginald F. Nicholson, U. S. 
N., has arrived from Washington, D. C, 
to take charge of the cruiser Taconia, which 
is now being completed at the Union Iron 

Colonel Frank M. Coxe, U. S. A., for sev- 
eral years chief paymaster at department 
headquarters, has been promoted to the rank 
of brigadier-general, and retired. 

Colonel Alexander Mackenzie, U. S. A., 
has been promoted to chief of corps of en- 
gineers, with rank of brigadier-general. 

Colonel Sedgwick Pratt, Artillery Corps, 
U. S. A., who is to be the inspector-general 
of the new Division of the Pacific, has ar- 
rived from the East. 

Colonel Girard, Medical Corps, U. S. A., 
who is to be the new chief surgeon of this 
department, will soon arrive from Manila. 
Mrs. Girard is at present at Fort Mason 
awaiting her husband's return. 

Passed Assistant Paymaster Frederick K. 
Perkins, U. S. N., has arrived from the 
Asiatic station, and has reported here for 

Commander William W. Kimball, U. S. 
N., and Mrs. Kimball are now in Washing- 
-ton, D. C. 

Major William Stephenson, U. S. A., is 
making an inspection of the Nacimiento 
rancho, with a view of selecting suitable 
grounds for the establishment of a target 
range there, and also to report on the advis- 
ability of laying out big grounds at that 
place for general manoeuvre practice. 

Colonel Owen J. Sweet, U. S. A., in com- 
mand of the Twenty-Eighth Infantry, arrived 
on the transport Sheridan from Manila on 
Wednesday, with his troops. 

Captain William T. Johnston, Fifteenth 
Calvary, U. S. A., who has had charge of the 

entire work of the inspector-general's office 
for several months, will shortly be relieved 
from duty here, and will join his regiment 
at Fort Myer. Va. 

Lieutenant William A. Covington, Signal 
Corps, U. S. A., will go from the Presidio to 
Fort Myer, Va., and report to the command- 
ing officer of the Signal Corps for duty. 

Lieutenant Charles E. Dority, U. S. A., 
has been granted a three months' leave of 
absence, after five months in the General 
Hospital. He will visit his family in Mich- 

The Sharon-Breckinridge Imbroglio. 

[So much absurd stuff has been printed in the 
papers about the Sharon-Breckinridge affair that 
the following authoritative statement, sent us by a 
friend of the family in Paris, will be read with 
interest by friends of the family here. — Eds.] 

The romantic marriage of Miss Adelaide 
Murphy, daughter of S. G. Murphy, the well- 
known banker, to Mr. John C. Breckinridge, 
son of Mrs. Louise Tevis Sharon, by her first 
marriage, and grandson of the former Vice- 
President, led to a chain of events which 
terminated in Paris in a series of legal pro- 
ceedings and family disruption quite unique 
and extraordinary in modern times, and 
worthy of the Dark Ages. 

The young couple were received with every 
mark of affection by Mr. and Mrs. Sharon 
on arriving in Paris from their wedding 
journey around the world, via Japan. This 
was early in 1903. Shortly after reaching 
Paris both Mr. and Mrs. Breckinridge were 
taken ill, the young man with a nervous 
melancholia which impelled him, one day, to 
jump from the first-story window of the 
Hotel d'Albe on the Champs-Elysees. This 
caused a severe concussion to the vertebra;, 
and laid him on his back for some two 
months. He has fully recovered from this 

Just at the time of this most unfortunate 
occurrence, Mrs. Breckinridge was taken 
down with typhoid fever, and lay dangerously 
ill for several months. Mrs. Sharon came 
bravely to the rescue, and lavished every 
attention on both her son and her daughter- 

When, however, the wife was able to leave 
her sick-room, and asked to see her husband, 
who was in another suite of rooms in the 
Hotel d'Albe, she found a cordon of nurses 
and trusties surrounding him, and admission 
denied her. No explanation was offered, and 
letters to Mrs. Sharon were unavailing. She 
finally consulted Joseph D. Redding, who 
happened to be in Paris at the time. A series 
of investigations disclosed a remarkable state 
of affairs. Legal " proceedings had been in- 
stituted in camera to have the young man 
declared insane, and a family council had 
been ordered by the Civic Tribunal of Paris 
without notifying the wife; and, as it turned 
out, without the court knowing or being in- 
formed that the young man was married. Mr. 
Redding succeeded in quashing these proceed- 
ings, and also raised the question of the 
jurisdiction of the French courts over an 
alien, en route through France. The more 
important matter, however, was the im- 
mediate welfare of young Breckinridge. It 
was quite evident, from information leaking 
out of the sick-room, that, despite the 
mother's undoubted desire to do everything 
in her power, he was receiving anything but 
the right kind of care, being in the hands 
of a dozen gardes malades, internes, and 
domestiques, who were rough and unsym- 
pathetic in their attentions, and who were 
entertaining their friends in the salons and 
adjoining rooms with all kinds of luxuries. 
The court was appealed to by Mrs. Breckin- 
ridge, and an order obtained by which two 
of the leading doctors of France examined 
the situation, and ordered the young man's 
immediate removal to a quiet country san- 
itarium, where he still is, and is improving 

Why all these star-chamber proceedings 
had been instituted, and without the wife's 
knowledge, was a matter of the greatest con- 
jecture. It could not have been on the direct 
initiative of Mrs. Sharon, although the pro- 
ceedings were all taken in her name. It 
must have been the result of general instruc- 
tions to her counsel, who proceeded in what 
may have been the customary way in France, 
but which operated as a total and inhuman 
denial of the wife's rights. 

That this has not been the desire or inten- 
tion of the mother is shown by recent develop- 
ments. Mrs. Sharon has ordered all proceed- 
ings dismissed, and has written, so we are in- 
formed, to her counsel and to the doctors in 
charge, to fully recognize Mrs. Breckinridge's 
rights. More than that, the ladies have met 
and have attended receptions together, par- 
ticularly one given by Mrs. Emma Eames- 
Story, on which occasion the rapprochement 
was particularly remarked. 

It can not be denied that a beautiful baby 
boy recently born to Mrs. Breckinridge has 
been an important medium of reestablishing 
the proper family relationship, and un- 
doubtedly Mrs. Breckinridge was fortunate in 
having as her counsel Mr. Redding, who 
handled the case with tact and delicacy. 

A. Hlrschiuan, 

712 Market and 25 Geary Streets, for fine jewelry, 


Music at St. Dominic's. 
The usual monthly programme of sacred 
music will be given at St. Dominic's Church 
on Sunday evening, when the following num- 
bers will be rendered : 

Organ solo, prelude to " Parsifal," Wag- 
ner ; soprano solo (with violin obligato), 
" Ave Maria," Bach-Gounod, Miss Camille 
Frank ; violin solos, " Am Meer," Schubert- 
Wilhelmj, and " Elegy," Ernst, Nathan 
Landsberger ; quartet, " Ave Maria," Miss 
Camille Frank, Miss Ella V. McCloskey, T. 
G. Elliott, and Charles B. Stone ; soprano 
solo, " The Song of an Angel," " Paradise 
Lost," Rubenstein, Mrs. Jenkins; contralto 
solo (with violin obligato), "Largo," Handel, 
Miss Ella V. McCloskey ; anthem, " I Beheld, 
and Lo, a Great Multitude" (prize anthem), 
Stewart. At benediction: "O Salutaris," 
Stevenson ; " Tantum Ergo," Silas ; organ 
postlude, " Coronation March," Meyerbeer. 
Dr. H. J. Stewart, organist and director of 
the choir. 

A musical evening, for the aid of the 
Italian colony established on Telegraph Hill, 
by Miss Betty Ashe, will be held at the 
Maple Room of the Palace Hotel on the 
evening of January 25th. Refreshments, con- 
sisting of beer and sandwiches, will be 
served at tables while the music is going 
on. The patronesses are: Mrs. Benjamin 
Lathrop, Mrs. Monroe Salisbury, Mrs. Ed- 
ward L. Eyre, Mrs. Walter Dean, Mrs. James 
Otis, Mrs. McLaren, Miss Betty Ashe, Miss 
C. L. Griffith, Mrs. Carter Pomeroy. and 
Miss Emily Carolan. 

On Thursday evening, Elizabeth Davis and 
her brother. Master Eric Davis, pupils of 
Mme. Ellen Coursen - Roeckel, gave a 
birthday concert, their first operatic recital 
in costume, at Byron Mauzy's Hall. The 
two children gave, in fine manner, ambitious 
selections. Their programme including se- 
lections from " Cavalleria Rusticana," " II 
Trovatore," " Rigoletto," and other operas, 
as well as simple ballads. 

The Chamber of Commerce has elected 
the following officers for the year: Presi- 
dent, G. A. Newhall ; vice-president, E. R. 
Dimond ; second vice-president, C. H. Bent- 
ley ; trustees, F. L. Brown, W. R. Wheeler, 
W. J. Dutton, J. B. Smith, J. A. Folger, H. 
Rosenfeld, W. L. Gerstle, J. Rolph, Jr., R. 
P. Jennings, T. Rickard. H. D. Loveland, 
and W. H. Marston. 

Mr. N. H. Foster, manager's assistant at 
the general offices of the Southern Pacific 
Company, will soon leave his position to 
become purchasing agent of the San Diego, 
Los Angeles, and Salt Lake road. He will 
make the change about January 20th. Mr. 
Foster has been with the Southern Pacific 
for twenty-four years. 

L'ltalia, the local Italian daily newspaper, 
issued a ninety-six-page New Year's edition, 
gotten up in magazine form. Among the 
numerous special articles is a guide to Ital- 
ians coming to this country, and a directory 
of the Italian business people of this city. 
It is handsomely printed. 

Mr. George Hall, Turkish consul in this 
city, has been notified of his appointment 
as secretary-general of the Ottoman Com- 
mission to the St. Louis Exposition. During 
the exposition, Mr. Hall will spend the 
greater part of his time in St. Louis. 

— Wedding invitations engraved in cor- 
rect form by Cooper & Co., 74^ Market Street. 

An Open Shop. 

All fair-minded people should patronize Johnson's 
Open-Shop Restaurant (boycotted), 725 Market St. 

— Correct, natty, are the ladies" shirt- 
waists designed by Kent, " Shin Tailor.'' 121 Post Si. 

The Innovations at the 
Palace Hotel, San Francisco, Cal. 

with difficulty recognize the famous COURT 
into which for twenty-five years carnages 
have been driven. This space of over a 
tjuarler of an acre has recently, by the 
addition of very handsome furniture, rugs, 
chandeliers, and tropical plants, been con- 
verted into a lounging room, TH E FINEST 

ROOM, furnished in Cerise, with Billiard 
and Pool tables for the ladies— the LOUIS 
ROOM, and numerous other modern im- 
provements, together with unexcelled Cui- 
sine and the most convenient location in the 
City — all add much lo the ever increasing 
popularity of this most famous hotel. 

Tourist Policies 

Baggage and Personal Property insured against 
loss by Fire, Collision, Shipwreck, and other causes 
wherever it may be in any part of the world. 

Applications can be obtained at the office, or 
through any Insurance Agenl, Broker, or Trans- 
portation Agent. 

Commercial Union Assurance Co. Ltd 

C. F. MULLINS, Manager. 

All classes of Fire and Marine Insurance business 





The management of the Hotel Richelieu wishes to 
announce to its friends and patrons that it has pur- 
chased the property of the Hotel Granada, and will 
run the latter on the same plan that has made the 
Richelieu the finest family hotel in San Francisco. 



Qfen franc/sco 

For those who appreciate comfort 
and attention 







Fifty minutes from San Francisco. 

Twenty - four trains daily each 

way. Open all the year. 


K. V. HALTON, Proprietor. 


The art of cocktail mixing is to so blend 
the ingredients that no one is evident, but 
the delicate flavor of each is apparent. 
Is this the sort of cocktail the man gives 
you who does it by guesswork? There's 
never a mistake in a CLUB COCKTAIL. 
It smells good, tastes good, is good — 
always. Just strain through cracked ice. 
Seven kinds — Manhattan, Martini, Ver- 
mouth, Whiskey, Holland Gin, Tom Gin 
and York. 

G. F. HEUELEIN & BRO., Sole Proprietors, 
Hartford New York London 


400-404 B»ttery St., San Francisco, Cal. 


a RE A T 


We sell ami rent belter machines for less money than 
any house on the Pacific Coast. Send [or Catalogue. 
Supplies of standard quality always on band. 

536 California Street. Telephone Main 360. 



CW~~ Til* CKCILIAN— The Perfect Piano Player. 



308-3 1 ' 


January 18, 1904. 


Train- leave ami are tlue to arrive at 

(Main Line, Fool of Market Street ) 

lbavh — FbuM December .J9. 1^03. — ahrivk 

7.00a VHCaTlUe. W latere, Buinsey 7 S5p 

7.0Ja Bonlcla, SuUun. Elmlrnaml S>tcra- 

in >-cH'. 7.25p 

7.30 a Vallejo, Napa, Calfstugii, Sauta 

Itosa, Martinez, Sun it union 6.25f* 

7-30* Sl'ee, Uverinore, Tracy, Lathrop. 

Stockton / 25p 

8.00* Shasta Express — (Via Davlai. 
Williams (for Bartlett Springs). 
Wlllowa. rKrtuo. UeJ IJluff, 

Portland, Tacouia. Seattle 7.55p 

8.00a Davis. Woodland, Knltfhts Ln idtng, 

MaryBvllIe, Orovltlt; 7.55p 

8-30 * Port Costa, Martinez, Autloch, 
Byron, Tracy, Stocktou. New- 
man, Los Banos, M e n d o t a, 
Armona, Hanford Vl sal la, 

Porlervllle 4,25p 

8.30* Port Costa, Martinez, Tracy. Lath- 
rop, Modesto, Merced, Fresno, 
Goshen Junction, Hautord. 

Vlsalla Bakersfleld 4-55? 

8.30a Nlles. San .lose, Llvermore, Stock- 
ton, (tMtlton), lone, Sacramento, 
Placervllle. Marysvllle. Chlco, 

Red BlufT 4-25P 

8 30a Oakdale. Chinese. Jamestown, So- 

nor-rt. Tuolumne and Angels 425p 

9.00a Atlantic Express— O^den and Ease. 11.25a 
9-30a Richmond, Martinez and Way 

Stations 6.55p 

1000* The Overland Limited — Ugden. 

Denver. Omaha, Chicago S.25p 

10.00a Vallejo 1225p 

10.00a Los Angeles Passenger — Port 
Costa. Martluez, Byron. Tracy, 
Lathrop. Stockion. Merced, 
Raymond. Fresno, Goshen June- 
ti>m. Hanford, Lemoore, Vlsalla, 

Bakersfleld. Los Angeles 7.25p 

12- 00m Havward. Nlles and Way Stations. 325p 

tl.OOP Sacramento River Steamers MLOOp 

3-30p Bentela, Winters. Sacramento, 
Woodland, It nights Landing, 
Marysvllle. Orovllle and way 

stations 10.55* 

3.30p Hayward.Nllea and Way Stations.. 7-55P 
3.30p Port Costa, Martinez. Byron, 
Tracy, Lathrop. Modesto, 
Merced, Fresno and Way Sta- 
tions beyond Port Costa 12-25P 

3.30p Martinez. Tracy. Stockton. Lodl... 10.25a 
400p Martlnez.San Ramon. ValleJo.Napa, 

Callstoga, Santa Rosa 925a 

4-OQp Nlles. Tracy, Stockton. Lodl 4-25p 

4.30p Hayward. Nlles. Irvlngtou. Saul t8-55A 

Jose. Llvermore | 111.55a 

6-OOp The Owl Limited— Newm-m, Los 
Haoos. Mendota. Fresno. Tulare, 
Bakersfleld, Los Angeles. 
Golden State Limited Sleeper, 
Oakland to Los Angeles, for Chi- 
cago. vlaC. R. I &P 8-55* 

B-OOp Port Costa. Tracy, Stockton 12-25p 

t6 30p Hnyward, Nlles and San Jose 7.25a 

6.00p Hay ward, NlIeB and San Jose 9.56* 

6.00p Eastern Express— Ogden. Denver, 
Omaha, St. Louis. Chicago and 
East. Port Costa, Benlcla, Sul- 
sun. Elmlra, Davis, Sacramento, 
Rocklln, Auburn, Colfax, 
Truckee, Boca, Reno, Wads- 
worth, Wlnnemucca 5-25? 

B.OOp Vallejo. dally, except Sunday I 7 KB 

7-OOp Vallejo, Sunday only f ' 00F 

7.00p Richmond, san Pablo. Port CoBta, 

Martinez and Way Stations 11 .26* 

8.05p Oregon & California Express— Sac- 
ramento, Marysvllle, Redding, 
Portland, Pnget Sound and East. 8-55* 
8.1 Op Bay ward, Nlles and San Jose (Sun- 

day only) 11-55 a 

COAST LINE (Narrow (Jaoge). 

(Foot of Market Street.) 

8-16a Newark, Centervllle. San Jose. 
Felton. Bouloer Creek, Santa 

Crnz and Way Stations 6-65p 

t2.16p Newark, Centervllle, San Jose, 
New Almaden. Los Gatos, Felton, 
Boulder Creek, Sama Cruz and 

Principal Way Stations 1-10-55* 

4 16p Newark, SanJose, LosGatos and J +8-55* 

way stations * -10 55a 

<i9-30p Hunters Train, Saturday ODly, San 
JoBe and Way Stations. Return- 

Ing from Los Gatos Sunday only. ;7 25? 

10m : 


1 rom OAKLAND. Foot of Broadway — tiiiWl td:IW 
18:05 1U:0Ua.h. 1200 200 4.00 p.m 
COAST LINE (Uroa.l <Jau K e). 
t3f~ H'hlrd iui.1 Towii^eml Streets.) 

6 10a San .loee and Way Stntlons 630p 

7 00* San Jose and Way Stations 5 36p 

800* New Almaden (Tues., Frld., only), 4.1Qp 

8 00a The Coaster— Stopa only San Jose, 

Gllroy (connection for Hoi 11b- 
ter), Pajaro. CastrovHIe fcon- 
nectlon to and from Monterey 
and Pacific Grove). Salinas. San 
Ardo, Paso Rubles. Santa Mar- 
garita, San LuIb Obispo, principal 
stations tbeni'i; Surf (connection 
for Lompoc), principal stations 
thence Santa Barbara, San Buena- 
\ •■nlura. Saugus. Los Angeles. ., 10-45? 
9.00a San Jose. Tres Plnos, Cap) tola, 
SautiiCruz.PaclflcOrove, Salinas, 
San Luts Obispo and Principal 

Way Stations 4-1Qp 

10.30a r-an Jose and Way Stations 1-20P 

11 30a Santa Clara, San Jo*e, Los Gatos 

and Way Stations 7.i0p 

1 30p San Jose and Way Stations 8 j6> 

3-00P Del Monte Express— Santa Clara. 
San JoBe, Del Monte. Monterey, 
Pacific Grove (connects at Santa 
Clnrn for Santa Cruz, Boulder 
1 reek and Narrow Gauge Points) 
at Gllroy for HoMlnler. Tres 
Plnos. at Castrovllle for Salinas. 12-15-* 

3-30p Tri'K Finns Way PaasBoger 10 45a 

4 3D? Nan JOSC and Way Stations 18.00 a 

'5 00 BM Jose, (via Santa Clara) Los 
1.1U0B, and Principal Waji Sta- 
tions (except Sunday) "9.00a 

t, 40» banJoseandPrlncliml WayKtatlonn 59 40* 
6-ltOi- Bonaol Limited.— Eedwo d, San 
J"Hi\Gllroy,.Sallnaa,Pa8u Rubles, 
San Loll Onleno, BsDtA Harbara, 
Los Angeles, limning. El Paso, 
N'-w Orletni, New York. Con- 
nects at Pajaro for Simla Cruz 
nnd at CaatrorlUe for Pacific 

Qrore and Way Statlun* 710* 

16 Hi bnu Mateo.Berearord.Belmont.San 
Curl on, ICfdwood, Fair Oaks. 

Men 10 Park. Palo Alio 16. 46a 

6 .(' Bun JoM and Way Stations 6 36a 

8 OOi- I'ulo AM., nnd Way Slutb.iiB 1J.15* 

11 .30»- south ban Pranelico, Milibme. Bur 
llngame, Bad Maim, lieitnoni. 
Sun CarloS. BedWOOtL Fair Oaks, 

MeolO Park, and Palo Alto 9.45'' 

i/11. 3Qi- MayiiHd. Mountain View. Sunny- 
Mil'-. Lawrence, 8anta Clara and 

Sun Jose 19.45? 

A lot Morning* Pfor Afternoon 

■Sunday excepted t Sunday only 

a Saturday only. 
; BtopM at all Htatlons on Sunday. 
f»"Only trains »topplng ut Valencia St. southbound 
urn.: 10 4. M. ,7:00a.m., 11:30 A.M., 3:30 P.M., C: 30 P.M. and 

8:00 p.m . 

* HI luji for and check Um-,-n;'>- from hutcls and real 
iienoen. Telephone, Exchange 83. Imjulreof Ticket 
ntffnti tor Tlm<> Turds and othfr 'affirmation 


1 1 D D C K " ub &SEr ,B 

x 7l3MflrketSt.,S.F. 


Not in his line : Employer — " You don't 
seem to be able to do anything." New clerk 
— " Well, I always had a political job until I 
struck this one." — Judge. 

Cope — " I hear your boss expects to raise 
your salary this month?" Hope — " So he says. 
But he hasn't succeeded in raising all of last 
month's yet." — Philadelphia Ledger. 

" Pa, what is a model man?" "A model 
man, my son, is generally a very small sample 
copy, or facsimile, of a real man, and is 
usually made of putty." — Smart Set. 

He — " I think the bride was wonderfully 
lucky in receiving so many beautiful wedding 
presents." She — " Oh, she always was lucky 
in that respect." — Brooklyn Life. 

" What makes you think she has a saving 
sense of humor?" "Because she laughed so 
heartily when she described the way you 
proposed to her." — Cleveland Plain Dealer. 

Accounted for : " How did you get your 
black eye, Sambo?" "Well, boss, yer see I 
was out a-lookin' fer trouble, and dis 'ere eye 
was de fust t' find it." — Yonkers Statesman. 

Some people regard Shakespeare's plays 
with almost as much reverence as they do 
the Bible." " Yes. And are just about as 
familiar with them." — Chicago Record-Herald. 

Little Willie — " What is the difference be- 
tween character and reputation, pa ?" Pa — 
" Character is a luxury, my son, while repu- 
tation is a necessity." — Chicago Daily News. 

The brute — " What are you thinking of, 
Mamie?" Mamie — "I am dreaming of my 
youth." The brute — " I thought you had a 
faraway look in your eyes." — Princeton Tiger. 

First author — " How many copies of your 
book have been sold?" Second author — "I 
don't know. I haven't seen anything about 
the sales except the publisher's affidavit." — 

" Then you have no sympathy for the de- 
serving poor," said the charity worker. " Me?" 
retorted the self-made man ; " why, sir, I 
have nothing but sympathy." — Chicago Daily 

" Yes. I'll give you a meal of victuals if 
you'll shovel off these sidewalks." " Would 
you not prefer, madam, to have me shovel 
off the snow?" "' Poor fellow ! Have you 
tramped all the way from Boston?" — Chicago 

" We will never give up," said the South 
American military leader. " Give up what?" 
asked the coldly practical man. And after 
a moment of reflection, the military leader 
candidly replied: "Anything we can get our 
hands on." — Washington Star. 

They had been discussing the baby's ears, 
eyes, and nose. " And I think it's got its 
father's hair," said the joyful young mother. 
" Oh, is that who's got it? I noticed it was 
missing." And as the tall girl with the 
suave manner said this, the mother looked 
dubiously at her. — Judge. 

" Oh, yes, I've opened an office," said the 
young lawyer ; " you may remember that you 
saw me buying an alarm-clock the other day." 
"Yes," replied his friend; "you have to get 
up early these mornings, eh?" "Oh, no. I 
use it to wake me up, when it's time to go 
home." — Philadelphia Press. 

Sympathetic friend — " What's the row, old 
man? Don't you like the ship's fare?" Suf- 
fering editor — " Oh — it — isn't that I don't like 
it! The rejection of anything does not neces- 
sarily imply that it is lacking in merit ; any 
one — of a — a — number of reasons may render 
a contribution unsuited to our present uses." — 

Mr. Borden — " I'll have some of that sau- 
sage, please, Mrs. Starvem. By the way, 
what was all that racket out in the yard last 
night?" Mrs. Starvem — "Oh, that was our 
poor pussy cat. A dog got in and killed her. 

and " Mr. Borden — " Er — never mind 

that sausage. I'm really not hungry." — 
Philadelphia Press. 

"Sir!" exclaimed the injured party, " you 
stuck your umbrella into my eye." " Oh, no," 
replied the cheerful offender, " you are mis- 
taken." " Mistaken ?" demanded the irate 
man, " you idiot, I know when my eye is 
hurt, 1 guess." " Doubtless," replied the 
cheerful fellow, " but you don't know my um- 
brella. I borrowed this one from a friend 
to-day." — Cincinnati Times-Star. 

Swdman's Soothing Powders successfully used 
for children, during the teething period, for over fifty 

After: She — "Ah, you men! Before mar- 
riage you pay compliments, but after " 

He — "After? Why, after, we do better; we 
pay bills." — Life. 

I 'i:. I'., O, I 'ui 111; \\h, DKN1 IS i, REMl IV Ell 

i<i N11. [35 Geary Street, Spring Valley Building. 

Mothers be sure and use "Mrs. Winslow's 
Soothing Syrup" for your children while teething. 


Sperr.y"s Beat Family. 
Drifted. Snow. 

Golden Gate Extra.. 

vS perry Flour Company 

California Northwestern Railway Co. 




Tiburon Ferry, Foot of Market St. 

San Francisco to San Rafael. 

WEEK DAYS — 7.30, 9.00, 11.00 a m; 12.35, 3-3°, 5-i°. 

6.30 p m. Thursdays— Extra trip at 11.30 p m. 

Saturdays — Extra trip at 1.50 and 11.30 p m. 
SUNDAYS— 8.00, 9.30, 11.00 am; 1.30, 3.30, 5.00, 6.20, 

n.30 p m. 

San Rafael to San Francisco. 
WEEK DAYS— 6.05, 7.35, 7.50, 9.20. 11.15 a m; 12.50; 

3.40, 5.00, 5.20 p m. Saturdays — Extra trip at 2.05 

and 6.35 p m. 
SUNDAYS— 8.00, 9-40. ".15am; 1.40, 3.40, 4-55. 5-°5, 

6.25 p m. 



7.30 a m 8.00 a m 

9.3° a m 

3-3° P m 3.30 p m 

5-io p m 5 oopm 

7.30 a m 

3-30 p m 
5.10 pm 

8.00 a m 
9.30 a m 
3-3° p m 
5.00 p m 

-7.30 a m 
3-3Q P m 

7.30 a m 
3.30 pm 

7.30 a m 
3.30 a m 

7.30 a m 

7.30 a m 
3.30 Pjn 
7.30 a ra 

7 30 am 
3-30 P m 

8 00 a m 

3-3Q P m 

8.00 a m 
3-30 P m 

8.00 a m 
3-3Q P m 

8.00 a m 

8.00 a m 
5.00 p m 

8.00 a m 

In Effect 
Sept. 27, 1903. 

San Francisco. 



j 9.10 a m 
10.40 a in 
j 6.05 p m 
1 7-35 P m 




Santa Rosa. 




and Ukiah. 

Sonoma and 
Glen Ellen. 


9.10 a m 

10.40 a m 
6.05 p m 
7-35 Pm 

10.40 a m 
7-35 P m 

10.40 a m 
7-35 Ptn 

10.40 a m 
7-35 P m 

10.40 a rn 
7-35 P m 

9.10 a m 
6.05 p m 

10.40 a m 
7-35 P m 


8.40 a m 
10.20 a m 

6.20 p m 

8.40 a m 
10.20 a m 
6.20 p m 

10.20 a m 
6.20 p m 

10.20 a m 
6.20 p m 

10.20 a m 
6.20 p m 

6.20 p m 

10,20 a m 
6.20 p m 

8.40 a m 
6.20 p m 

10.20 a m 
6.20 p m 

Stages connect at Green Brae for San Quentin ; at 
Santa Rosa for White Sulphur Springs; at Fulton 
for AUruria and Mark West Springs; at Lytton for 
Lytton Springs; at Geyserville (or Skaggs Springs; 
at Cloverdale tor the Geysers, Booneville, and 
Greenwood; at Hopland for Duncan Springs, 
Highland Springs, Kelseyville, Carlsbad Springs, 
Soda Bay, Lakeport, and Bartlett Springs; at 
Ukiah tor Vichy Springs, Saratoga Springs. Blue 
Lakes. Laurel Dell Lake, Witter Springs, Upper Lake, 
Porno, Potter Valley, John Day's, Riverside. Lierley's, 
Bucknell's. Sanhedrin Heights, Hullville. Orr's Hot 
Springs, Half-Way House. Comptche, Camp Stevens, 
Hopkins. Mendocino City, Fort Bragg. Westport 
Usal ; at Willits for Fort Bragg, Westport. Sherwood, 
Cahto, Covelo, Laytonville. Cummings, Bell's Springs, 
Harris. Olsen's, Dyer, Garberville, Pepperwood. Scotia, 
and Eureka. 

Saturday to Sunday round-trip tickets at reduced 

On Sunday round-trip tickets to all points beyond 
San Raiael at half rates. 

Ticket office, 630 Market Street, Chronicle Building 


Gen. Manager. Gen. Pass. Agt 

Via Sausalito Ferry. 
Suburban Service, Standard Gauge 
Electric — Depart from San Francisco 
Dailv— 7.00, 8.00, 900, 10.00, 11.00 a. M. 
12.20, 1.45- 3-15, 4-'5. 5-15, 6-15. 7-oo, S.45, 10.2c 
11.45 p. M- 

— Daily— 5.25. 6.35, 7.40, 8.35, 9.35, 11.05, a. m., 12.20, 
r.45, 2.55, 3.45, 4-45, 5-45. 6.45, 8.45. 10.20 p. m. 

-Daily-5.45. 6.55. 7-52. S.55, 9-55. H-20 a. m., 12.35 
2.00, 3.15. 4.05. 5-05, 6.05. 7.05, 9.00, 10.35 p. M. 
S.00 a. m. week days— Cazadero and way stations. 
5.15 p. m. week days (Saturdays excepted) — To 
males and way stations. 
3.15 p. M. Saturdays — Cazadero and way stations. 
Sundays only— 10.00 a. m., Point Reyes and way 

Ticket Offices— 626 Market Street 

Ferry — Union Depot, loot of Market Street. 


Via Sausalito Ferry, foot of Market Street. 
Leave San Francisco, week days, *io.oo a. m.,*i.4S 

p. M., 5.15 p. M. Sundays, *8.oo a. m., 9.00 A. M., 10.00 
A. M., 11.00 A. m., *i.4S ('• M., 3.15 P- M. 

Arrive Sap Francisco, Sundays, 12.05 p. m., 1.25 p. m., 

2.50 P.M., 4.50 P. M„ 5.50 i'. M.; 7.50P.M. Weekdays. 
IO.40 A. M., 2.50 P. M., 5.50 P. M., 9.50 P. M. 

•Connect with stage for Dipsea and Willow Camp. 
Ticket offices— 626 Market Street (North Shore Rai!- 
road 1 1 and Sausalito Ferrv, foot Market Street. 






Santa Fe 



jTiESSa:] 401=403 Sansome St. 

Trains leave Union Ferry Depot, San Fran- 
cisco, as follows : 

■** " Stockton 10.40 a m, Fresno 2.40 p m. 
Bakersfleld 7.05 p m. Stops at all points 
in San Joaquin Valley. Corresponding 
train arrives 8.55 a m. 

ITED " : Due Stockton 12 01 p m, Fresno 
3.10 p m, Bakersfleld 5.50 p m. Kansas 
City (third day) 2.35 a m, Chicago (third 
day) 2.15 p m. Palace sleepers and 
dining - car through to Chicago. No 
second-class tickets honored on this train. 
Corresponding train arrives *io.5o p m. 

ton 7.10pm. Corresponding train arrives a m. 

Stockton n. 15 p m, Fresno 3.15 a m, 
Bakersfleld 7.35 a m, Kansas City (fourth 
day) 7.00 a m, Chicago (fourth day) S.47 
pm. Palace and Tourist sleepers and free 
reclining-chair cars through to Chicago, 
also Palace sleeper which cuts out at 
Fresno. Corresponding train arrives at 
6.35 p ru. 
* Daily. 

Personally conducted parties for Kansas City, Chi- 
cago, and East leave on Overland Express Monday, 
Thursday, and Saturday at 8 p m. 




TICKET OFFICES at 641 Market Street and in 
Ferry Depot. San Francisco; and 1112 Broadway, 



Through sleepers daily San Francisco to St. 
Louis, via Rio Grande Scenic Route and Missouri 
Pacific Railway. The best dining-car service, new 

For sleeping - car reservation and full informa- 
tion apply to 


625 narket Street, S. F. 

Under Palace Hotel. 

The Tribune 

is the ONE Oakland daily consid- 
ered by general advertisers. 


covers the field so thoroughly that it is 
not necessary to use any other paper. 








ARTHUR CASSOT, Proprietor 


Cor. 5th Ave. and 1 4th St., New York 

Will supply you with all personal reference and 
clippings 011 any subject from all the papers and 
periodicals published here and abroad. Our large 
staff of readers can gather for you more valuable 
material on any current subject than you can get in 
a lifetime. 


-[.,-,, .,c f 100 clippings, $5 00 ; 250 clippings, $12.00 ; 
1 -, ^ c iippj n g Si j 20 .oo; 1 ,000 clippings, $35.00 

The Argonaut. 

Vol. LIV. No. 1402. 

San Francisco, January 25, 1904. 

Price Ten Cents 

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.— The Argonaut (title troot-ntarked) is pub- 
lished cz«try -week at No. 24b Sutter Street, by the Argonaut Publishing Com- 
pany. Subscriptions, $4.00 per year ; six months, $2.23 ; three Months, Sf.30: 
payable in advance —postage prepaid. Subscriptions to all foreign countries 
within t Ice Postal Union, $3.00 per year. Sample copies, free. Single copies, 10 
cents. News Dealers and Agents in the interior supplied by the San Francisco 
News Company, 342 Geary Street, above Poivell. to w/tot/t all orders from 
the trade should be addressed. Subscribers wishing their aiidresses changed 
should give their old as 'well as new addresses. T/te American News Company, 
Neil/ York, arc agents for the Eastern trade. T/te Argonaut may be ordered 
from any News Dealer or Postmaster in the United States or Europe. No 
traveling canz-assers employed. Special advertising rates to publishers. 

Special Eastern Representative- E. K~at: Advertising Agency, 230-234 
Temple Court, New York City, and 3'7S' S u ~ S. Express Building, 
Chicago, 111. 

Address all communications intended for tfie Editorial Department thus: 
" Editors Argonaut, 246 Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal." 

Address all communications intended for the Business Department thus; 
" T/ic A rgonant Publishing Company, 24b Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal." 

Make all clucks, drafts, postal orders, etc., payable to " The Argonaut 
Publishing Company." 

The Argonaut can be obtained in London at The International News Co.. 
f Breams Buildings, C/uznccry Lane; A?neruzan News paper and Advertising 
Agency, Trafalgar Buildings, Northumberland Avenue. In Paris, at 37 
Avenue de TOpfra. In Net" York, at Brentands, 31 Union Square in 
Chicago, at son Wabash Avenue. In Washington, at 1013 Pennsylvania 
Avenue. Telephone Number, James 2331. 



i : The Vociferous Boom of Editor Hearst — -How 
His Enemies Have Done Him a Service — His Press- 
tlureaus and Political Drummers — Panic of Conservative 
I'emocrats— Will Bryan Throw His Strength to the 
Editor? — Murphy's Stragetic Position — What Will He Do? 
— The Psychology of Advertising — Striking Figures on 
the Growth of the Business— El Camino Real — Why Not 
Have Convicts Build It?— The Health Board and the 
Mayor — Interesting Situation at the City Hall — Washing 
Away the Sins of Scabs — Merely a Pause in Trust Prose- 
cutions — MacArthur on the Future of War 49S 1 

The ■ S-Bar '" Six-in-Hand: How It Figured in a Hold-Up 

and a Wedding. By Bailey Millard 52 

The Niece of Napoleon: Death of Princess Mathilde — 
Was Daughter of Xapoleon Bonaparte's Brother — Her 
Marriage to Prince Demidoff — Established Great Salon — 
Leading Event of Her Life. By "St. Martin" -53 

Individualities: Notes About Prominent People All Over the 

World 53 

'" Parsifal ": Miss Bonner's Criticism of the Opera — A Silent, 
Quietly Dressed Crowd — The Wonderful Grail Scene — An 
Adequate Leading Man 54 

Old Favorites: "God," by Gabriel Romanowitch Derzhavin . . 54 

The Kaises's Private Life: Secret Memoirs of the Berlin 
Court — Is the Kaiser a Madman? — The Story of His 
Withered Ann — -An Unflattering View of the Empress.... 55 

I'.ouks Califoknia.ns Like Best: Governor JPardee, Messrs. 
Lummi*. Keller, oayley, Delmas, and Others Name the 
Books, Read in 1903, That Gave Them Most Pleasure.-.. 56 

Literarv \otls: Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip — New Pub- 
lications 56-57 

Drama: "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" at the Tivoli 
— " The Beauty Shop " at Fischer's. By Josephine Hart 
I'helps 58 

1 i '33 ip 59 

Vanity Fair : Silent Married People — Husbands and Wives 
Who Never Address Each Other — The Reasons and the Re- 
sults — Safety- Pins and Placket Holes — The Correspondents 
War Over Women's Dress — Pins Instead of Buttons — 
I'.actielors Protest — Some Defend the Ladies — Others Glorify 
the Safety- Pin — Beauty of Indian Girls — A Sculptor's 
< )pinion — Easy Carriage, Stately Dignity — Major McCaw- 
ley's Social Berth — Major-Domos at the White House- 
President Roosevelt's Entertainment Staff 60 

Storyettes: Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise — 
Morgan's Canal — Cboate and the Bishop — Not Carnegie's 
Spelling— A Satirical Couplet — Keene and the Inventor — 
One Alibi of Many — Chamberlain's Umbrella Story — Major 
McClellan and the l Urice-Seeker — Exempt from Civil Service 
Senator Sullivan's Toast — Admired Fritzi Scheff's Voice — 
The- Actor's Laundry — An Essay on the Horse — No 
Subordinate Wanted 61 

The Tuneful Liar: "Too Late": "The Modern School of 
Alliteratists," by Gelett Burgess; "The Fall"; "Be Care- 
ful What Von Throw Away," by Wallace Irwin 61 

Si 11 1 11 v : Movements and Whereabouts — Notes and Gossip — 

Army and Navy News 62-63 

The Alleged Humorists: Paragraphs Ground Out by the Dis- 
mal Wits of tlit I 'ay 64 

L"p to Wednesday, January 12th, the great newspapers 

The Vociferous of the LT,lited State N almost without 
Boon oi exception, maintained a profound 

boiroR Hearst. s jl en ce regarding the Presidential boom 
Ml William Randolph Hearst. On Thursday morn- 
ing, January 13th. every one of these newspapers con- 
tained a dispatcli from its Washington correspondent 
declaring that the Democratic National Committee, 
fearful that the Chicago partisans of Hearst, aided by 

his newspapers, would stampede the convention, if 
held there, selected St. Louis as a meeting-place, 
against their personal preference and desire. It was 
the most startling piece of news of the political year. 
What a tribute to Hearst's strength ! What an ad- 
mission of conservative weakness ! Henceforth not 
a newspaper that pretends to print the news can 
ignore him. The long conspiracy of silence is at end. 
Hearst's bitterest enemies have done him a most 
magnificent service by presenting him to the country 
as a serious candidate. 

It was not precisely a wraith that, according to the 
reports, frightened the Democratic National Com- 
mittee into a state of hysterical alarm. When the 
members reached Washington they found the head- 
quarters swarming with Hearst men. They came from 
all parts of the country. Many were influential cam- 
paigners for Bryan in 1896 and 1900. Some held in- 
fluential office in labor parties, some in anti-trust or- 
ganizations. And when the committeemen came to 
compare notes they found that Hearst workers were 
active in every State, in every section of the country. 
No wonder they were alarmed. 

The rise of Hearst politically is certainly one of the 
most interesting phenomena of the times — one that 
Republicans may look upon with equanimity and, with 
cool, scientific impartiality, study. It has been a tri- 
umph of advertising. The methods followed in his 
three great papers, in three great cities, are familiar. 
But they are only one factor in the great Hearst ad- 
vertising campaign. For like any other merchandiser 
he " bought space " in thousands of country papers. 
He " bought space " also in larger j'ournals. He is 
said to have a regular advertising contract with a 
prominent Eastern newspaper, though his " ad " goes 
as " pure reading matter." Furthermore, Hearst has 
a salaried corps of political drummers, four hundred 
strong, "on the road." They have organized Hearst 
clubs in innumerable towns. Delegates are already 
pledged to him. Democratic patriots, short on money, 
but long on political strength, have been " helped " by 
Hearst. (One Democratic senator, quoted by Walter 
Wellman, says : " Hearst is seeking the Presidency 
with cheek and a check-book.") In Washington, the 
Hearst publicity bureau is said to be in charge of a 
newspaper man who is also the confidential secretary 
of John Sharp Williams, Democratic leader in the 
House. W r hile other politicians are napping, Hearst's 
own newspapers, those he subsidizes, his army of 
workers, have been awake and at work, creating a sen- 
timent that his enemies by their acts acknowledge is 

Mr. Hearst has already been nominated for Presi- 
dent — by an anti-trust mass-meeting held in New 
York, August 13, 1903. Many labor unions have also 
indorsed him. The Virginia Federation of Labor, rep- 
resenting forty thousand votes, declared for him at its 
State convention in Richmond. The Building Trades 
Council of America, in session in Denver, took similar 
action. The Nevada legislature thanked him for forc- 
ing Congress to place coal on the free list. "Every 
socialist, every radical, every labor agitator," says one 
correspondent, " is fighting for Hearst tooth and nail 
with the conviction that if victory is not secured now, 
the conservatives will control the Democratic party 
for years to come." 

With the lean and hungry Democrats, who have been 
out of office now for nearly a decade, it counts much 
that Mr. Hearst is a "good spender." It is said that 
in the last two national campaigns he contributed 
two hundred and fifty thousand dollars to the national 
Democratic campaign fund. And what is more, it is 
stated, on unusually good authority, that this young 
plunger in politics now stands ready to contribute two 

millions of dollars to the fund this year — if he is nom- 

At such a critical moment as this in the struggle for 
supremacy between radical, socialistic Demucracv, 
represented by Mr. Hearst, and conservative, indi- 
vidualistic Democracy, represented by Gray and 
OIney, Gorman and Parker and Mr. Cleveland,- the 
course of action of two men is suddenly seen to be 
endowed with large importance. These two are Will- 
iam Jennings Bryan, of Nebraska, and Charles 
Murphy, of New York. 

Bryan is not a candidate. But he still has strength. 
Some say he can control nearly one-third of the dele- 
gates to a national convention. Mr. Hearst supported 
Bryan valiantly in 1896. He fought hard for the same 
cause and candidate in 1900. Mr. Bryan hates Cleve- 
land and Gorman. He is not friendly to Parker. To 
whom, then, will he throw his strength? Gratitude 
and interest would seem to combine in influencing the 
Commoner to support Mr. Hearst, if Mr. Hearst comes 
to the convention with strength of his own. And, be- 
sides, there is a rumor in Washington that Mr. Bryan 
is ambitious to be Secretary of State under the .next 
Democratic administration, and has an understanding 
with Mr. Hearst. Altogether, the situation is such 
that the conservatives are watching Air. Bryan's 
words with painful anxiety. 

Charles Murphy, the other Democratic leader in 
whose hands lies power only less than in Bryan's, will 
(according to a dispatch in the Call of Monday, on the 
authority of a Democrat high in Tammany councils) 
support George B. McClellan, mayor of New York, 
for President. Murphy is the Tammany boss under 
whom Fusion met overwhelming defeat in the recent 
election. His generalship was masterly. It is generally 
believed in New York that he is the real power in city 
politics — and McClellan only a figurehead. Indeed, it 
is said that Murphy is stronger than Hill in the State, 
and can dictate who shall be New York's " favorite 
son." And as New York's favorite son is quite likely 
to be the national Democracy's choice, his power is 
manifestly great. Both he and McClellan are under 
great obligations to Hearst. The Hearst papers 
were the only ones of note to support Tammany in the 
late contest. To them was due the victory, and, there- 
fore, if the present rumored support of McClellan 
proves to be merely " complimentary," then it is in- 
deed a question* whether Hearst or some conservative, 
Hkf Cleveland or Parker, would be Murphy's choice. 

Altogether, the situation to Republicans is interest- 
ing — and gratifying. Senator Piatt seems to have 
spoken with true prophetic voice when he said, some 
weeks ago, that the radical and conservative elements 
in the Democratic party were fixed and irreconcilable. 
True, it is yet six months before the convention meets, 
and many things may happen. But, as the Orcgouiuii 
astutely remarks, if young Mr. Bryan stampeded a 
convention by a single phrase, young Mr. Hearst 
should have no trouble in turning the same trick by 
means of hourly extra editions, copiously illustrated, 
emphasized with wood type, and emblazoned by the 
use of red ink. " They who could not resist the cross 
of gold and crown of thorns — how should they with- 
stand red ink and poster type Four inches tall?" says 
the Orcgontan. 

The person who stares at an advertising card in a 
Thl street-car. or glances at a three-sheet 

Psychology of poster depicting and describing the 
Advertising. virtues of a food, is in the presence of 

a work of art, little as he may suspect it. And as everv 
art has a handmaiden, science, it is quite 
very instructive that Mr. Walter Dill S 
professor of psychology in Northwester; 


January 25, 1904. 

should write an article for the Atlantic Monthly whose 
published devotion is to literature, science, art, and 
politics in their cultured refinements. Mr. Scott deals 
in some most interesting figures, in some simple 
theories, and lastly in several most illuminating ex- 
amples of the applied art and science of advertising. 
His article is entertaining in a large degree to those 
who buy or refrain from buying, according to the 
advertisement, and holds many a solemn truth for the 
man who would attract purchasers for his wares. 

It will astonish most people to learn that the first 
advertisement printed in English appeared in March, 
1648. and the first in an American magazine was in 
Harper's, in 1864; that in this latter periodical more 
space has been devoted to advertising during the past 
year than the sum total of space for the twenty-four 
years from 1864 to 18S7, inclusive. Indeed, Mr. Scott 
puts the real beginning of advertising, as known to- 
day, in 1887. From his figures it is observed that 
Harper's Magazine in October, 1886, printed but 
twenty pages of advertisements, while in October, 
1903, the same publication had one hundred and forty- 
one pages. 

This increase in the number of advertisements 
printed in one magazine has been equaled, if not sur- 
passed, by the increase in the number of periodicals. 
To illustrate : In 1850, each individual in the United 
States received, on an average, eighteen copies from 
one or more periodicals; in 1900, the individual re- 
ceived one hundred and seven. This increase is largely 
due to the smaller subscription prices made possible 
by money gained from advertisers. The total income 
last year from the first source Mr. Scott places at 
less than the amount paid for advertisements. Some 
of the prices paid are very significant. A full page in 
Century is quoted at two hundred and fifty dollars, and 
one in the Ladies' Home Journal at four thousand dol- 
lars an issue on a three years' contract. Mr. Scott does 
not state, but his figures show, that the advertiser ap- 
peals most confidently to women. 

With an annual expenditure of six hundred million 
dollars in printed advertising, of which three-fourths. 
it is estimated, is not skillfully written and printed. 
why is it that no business man dares stand 
by and allow his competitors to do the advertising? It 
is a question of psychology, survival of the fittest, 
science — in a word, theory, not chance, determines a 
victorious campaign. This theory Mr. Scott states as 
follows : " A person can be appealed to most easily and 
most effectively through his dominating imagery. Thus 
one who has visual images that are very clear and dis- 
tinct appreciates descriptions of scenes. The one who 
has strong auditory imagery delights in having au- 
ditory images awakened. It is in general best to 
awaken as many different classes of images as possible, 
for in this way variety is given, and each reader is 
appealed to in the sort of imagery which is the most 
pleasing to him. in which he thinks most readily, and 
by means of which he is most easily influenced." 

The professor goes on to remark that " one of the 
great weaknesses of the present-day advertising is 
found in the fact that the writer of the advertisement 
fails to appeal thus indirectly to the senses. How many 
advertisers can describe a piano so vividly that the 
reader can hear it? How many food products are so 
described that the reader can taste the food?" With 
some acerbity Mr. Scott says in passing that it is re- 
markable how many foods are advertised as if they 
had no taste at all. " One would suppose that the food 
was to be taken by means of a hypodermic injection." 

About the only Republican-Rooseveltian newspaper 

that seems to be reallv " worrited " by 
Roosevelt j 

and THh the present condition of the so-called 

Hanna boom. Hanna boom, is the New York Press. 
The rest of them appear confidently to believe 
that the political pot is quietly simmering, not tur- 
bulently boiling over, and that, accidents aside, Roose- 
velt will be unanimously nominated for President on 
the first ballot, and Hanna will never even announce 
himself as a candidate. But the Press is perturbed. 
It declares that a fund of $10,000,000 has been raised 
by Wall Street; thai Hanna's delay of a month in 
sending out the call for the convention was in order 
that this fund might he " placed " ; and now that it has 
been nicely placed where it will do the most good 
" Hanna delegates will spring up all over the country." 
Truly, it is a dark, desperate plot ! Outside of this, 
however, nothing very startling appears in the H anna- 
Roosevelt news of the week. Vague are the rumors 
from Ohio and New York that these States will send 
uninstructed delegations to the national convention. 
Vaguer still is the hint that Illinois will take the same 
course. r he only really tangible thing is the inter 
view with Governor Durbin, printed in the New York 
Sun. in which the governor states that he told the 
that he " though' Indiana would be for Mark 
Hanna were a ndidate, but 1 assured him 

that there is absolutely no effort being made to organ- 
ize the State against himself." In Missouri, a little 
bout between . Roosevelt and anti-Roosevelt men has 
turned out favorably to the former, and the Nebraska 
State Central Committee, on Wednesday, passed res- 
olutions indorsing the President. Furthermore, the 
National Live Stock Convention, in session at Port- 
land last week, indorsed him, according to the dis- 
patches. " with a roar of ' ayes ' and a burst of deaf- 
ening applause." That certainly ought to warm the 
cockles of any Presidential heart. 

Every now and again a matter of antiquity and senti- 
El ment becomes modern and imperative. 

Camino For more years than any member of any 

Real - woman's club will own to. El Camino 

Real has held a place of romance in California history. 
Now it seems on the point of being reduced from italic 
rank to the daily roman of busy life as the King's High- 
way. In fine, the trail worn by the feet of padre and 
proselyte in their course from mission to mission may, 
the Argonaut hopes will, soon become a pleasant good 
road for automobile, coach, and farm-wagon, its 
mingled current bearing possibly less fantastic, but 
certainly as noble, evidence of California progress. 

Biblical writers do not allow that the first man was 
born of woman, but every respectable creature since 
owes filial allegiance to one or several of the fair 
sex. This movement to rehabilitate El Camino Real. 
a pious work worthy of womanly devotion, owes its 
inception, as now organized, to Miss Tessa L. Kelso, 
former city librarian of Los Angeles, and Miss Anna 
B. Picher. The direct outcome of their efforts was 
the Landmarks Club, and, following the industry of 
this, the recent association of chambers of commerce, 
automobilists, women's clubs, historical societies, and 
good-roads organizations to complete plans for the 
restoration of the old highway from this city to San 

The most practical end is in view : a first-class and 
permanent road, offering at once scenery for the tour- 
ist and a highway for the farmer. The scenic object, 
which takes primary place because of the romantic 
beginning of the project, is amply attained by connect- 
ing all the missions ; the second will achieve itself with- 
out need of a guide, for your true farmer invented that 
ancient adage, the longest way round is the shortest 
way home ; and no one need doubt that, as a mere prac- 
tical measure, El Camino Real would pay in the same 
fashion as a street improvement in the city. 

But as no one (legally, at least) can draw interest 
on another's money, not even planners of El Camino 
Real, the question of getting this great highway built 
comes down to a simple question of labor and wages 
therefor. In ancient days, the King's Highroad was 
constructed by slaves. Indeed, had not the despots 
and republics of old known that prisoners unemployed 
were an economic detriment as well as burdens to 
themselves, few of the great roads of the world would 
ever have been built. The Argonaut takes it that the 
suggestions of history might be followed out in detail, 
arid the unprofitable convict given healthy exercise to 
the beautifying of California, the delectation of tour- 
ists, and the physical welfare of those over-fed, under- 
worked rascals who, because they infringed the laws 
of society, have been condemned to congenial idle- 
ness when they might at least fulfill their office as 
producers of wealth. 

The rites of the labor unions in Calaveras County 
Washing seem, in large degree, to approach the 

away the austerity of the Puritan zealots in their 

Sins of Scabs. dealings with malignants. In the suit 
of the Royal Consolidated Mines Company. Limited, 
to enjoin strikers from interfering with the company's 
employees or business, it came out in evidence that 
teamster Charles Wilson was baptized in a pond. 
This cleansing ceremony, Mr. Wilson says, was in- 
voluntary, illegal, and of no binding significance. He 
avers that twenty-five strikers, led by one euphoniously 
named Ben Box, did maliciously, profanely, and vio- 
lently march him away from his work, down a railway 
track, and thence to the detergent pond. Into this, 
he affirms, he was cast, hurled, and flung, and when he 
tried to crawl out on the other side, he was told on 
pain of death to stick his head under water. He ad- 
mits that he did so submerge himself to save his life, 
and adds that, when he finally emerged, he was warned 
to leave the camp. The defendants admit the sub- 
mersion, but state that it was voluntary on Teamster 
Wilson's part, and was done as an act of repentance 
for the sins of scabbing, as an evidence of saving 
faith and to purge away the uncleanness of his antag- 
onism to the only true union principles. They recite 
with pious unction his conversion, they point with fer- 
vor to the efficacy of their propaganda, and deplore 
with the phraseology of resignation his recalcitrancy 

to the faith he had so accepted with such devotion. 
The life of the unregenerate in Calaveras County 
would seem to be hard. 

Among the important actions taken by the California 
•\ up^nese Federation of Labor convention at 

Exclusion Fresno was the passage of a resolution 

law favored. f avor ; ng extension of the Chinese ex- 
clusion law to cover Japanese. The main points in 
the argumentative resolutions passed were: that, in 
Hawaii, Japanese numbering 70.000, Chinese number- 
ing 25,700. and many Coreans, are fast crowding out 
white persons, of whom only 65,000 remain; that the 
Japanese use Hawaii as a stepping-stone to the United 
States ; that the Japanese increased in number between 
1890 and 1900 from 2,039 t0 2 4-3-6. of which 22,001 
were in California ; that they have increased in number 
still more rapidly since 1900 ; and that their " disas- 
trous competition has inflicted great injury to the 
American workers." Legislation is asked from Con- 
gress, and doubtless it is only a question of time when 
it will be obtained. Meanwhile, a great Montana 
mind whose owner represents that turbulent State 
in Congress, has evolved a scheme to keep Chinamen 
from coming over the border from Canada. On p. 227 
of the Congressional Record we find it recorded that 
Mr. Dixon introduced " a ioint resolution (H. J. Res. 
6S) to direct the Secretary of Commerce and Labor 
to inquire into the cost and feasibility of constructing 
a wire fence along the Canadian boundary between the 
Lake of the Woods and Point Proberts." From other 
unofficial, but credible, sources we learn that it is Mr. 
Dixon's plan to keep the fence " full of electricity." 
When a Chinaman strikes it, he will recoil with a wild 
yell. Also, a bell in the revenue officials' office at the 
end of the fence will go ting-a-ling. The revenue men 
will leap upon their snow-shoes and pursue the scared 
and shocked Celestial or whatever " cuts in on the 
line." As Mr. Dooley would say, it is a great 
scheme. And as most Chinese who buck the border- 
line are headed for Dupont Street, San Francisco, Cali- 
fornians will enthusiastically unite in saying, More 
power to the elbow of Congressman Joseph M. Dixon, 
of Montana. 

At the annual " Ladies' Night " dinner of the Uni- 
The tarian Club in this city, Major-General 

future MacArthur, in an address on " The Fu- 

of war. ture oi vVar," took occasion to dispute 

the statements that arbitration has made war unneces- 
sary. Other speakers before him had advocated arbi- 
tration in all cases, the Rev. Jay William Hudson 
calling war " the most dreaded enemy of liberty," and 
Mayor Olney, of Oakland, asserting that it was un- 
necessary for this country to have poured out money 
and blood and involved itself in turmoil merely because 
of a sentiment that its honor was affected. Following 
Brigadier-General Woodruff in defense of war, 
General MacArthur denied that Sherman had ever 
uttered the famous epigram, " War is hell," and said 
the spirit of it was false. " It is a generalization 
reached entirely by the tender heart and vivid imag- 
ination of men who, surrounded by scenes of physical 
suffering, recoil instinctively from all forms of pain, 
and so declare that war is a menace to mankind," de- 
clared the general. " It is an epigram calculated to 
becloud and befog the public mind." As to the future 
of war, the speaker thought it a question of human 
evolution; also a question of economic equilibrium. 
" A complete economical unity can not be established 
until a practical economical equilibrium is applied to 
the problems of every day life. It is ignorance of the 
laws of economic equilibrium that causes war to-day. 
These matters are not in the scope of arbitration. You 
might as well try to arbitrate the parallelogram of 
forces. War is the implement placed in the hands of 
man to further civilization. It will continue in- 
definitely," asserted the general, " as the means by 
which nations and men will carry forward their 
higher ideas." 

We believe that it was the venerable Marquis Ito, of 
, „ _ [apan, who once criticised American 

A Statesman j r ' 

with statesmen because they looked only a 

perspective. f ew y ears a head when considering any 
policy. " Our people," said he, ""ask themselves re- 
garding all great questions, What will be the effect fifty 
or a hundred years hence ?" Perhaps in general the 
criticism is just; but the Oriental statesman would 
have found men after his own heart in Senator Mor- 
gan, of Alabama, and a few other Southern senators 
who supported McKinley's Philippine policy if the 
recently published statement of their views is true. 
For it now appears that their real but unavowed reason 
for favoring the acquisition of the Philippines was to 
increase the territory of mixed races in order to spread, 
in the North, Southern views regarding " white su- 

January 25. 1904. 


periority and necessary white supremacy." The white 
population of the Philippines and Porto Rico already 
look upon the natives of those islands in the same way 
as Southerners do upon negroes. The Booker \\ ash- 
ington incident is said to be " as unanimously con- 
demned by the white population of Manila as it is by 
the white population of Atlanta." Northern men. after 
a residence in our insular possessions, return to infect 
their associates with their prejudices. Thus the leaven 
spreads through the nation, and the hands of the South, 
m the struggle for dominance in the affairs of the 
country, are strengthened. Such a result Southerners 
profess to see in the adoption by a middle State like 
Maryland of laws designed to bar the black voters 
from the polls. 

To be one of the few hundred delegates who will nom- 
L ,, inate the Republican candidate for 

The Men who ' 

will Nominate President at Chicago is held to be no 
Roosevelt. small honor, and already candidates for 

the post are being "mentioned." California, of course, 
has twenty delegates, sixteen of whom, two in each con- 
gressional district, will be chosen by conventions, dele- 
gates to which will be elected at primaries called for 
the purpose. The other four are delegates-at-large, 
chosen by a State convention, and over these positions 
there promises to be lively contests. M. H. de Young 
and John D. Spreckels are both said to be aspirants. 
George A. Knight was a delegate four years ago, made 
a hit with a speech, and would like to go again. Gov- 
ernor Pardee is said to desire the honor, and there 
are others, including M. A. Gunst. As for the southern 
part of the State, which will probably have one, if not 
two, of the delegates-at-large, ex-Governor Gage, 
General Otis, and Ulysses S. Grant are among those 
mentioned. Here in the city it is said that Ruef will 
make a fight at the primaries, and hopes to win with the 
help of the labor vote. The contest will certainly afford 
an interesting test of Ruef's strength in a straight out 
and out fight. And apropos of this, the rumor is about 
town that M. H. de Young is going to be Roosevelt's 
campaign manager in this State during the next cam- 
paign. Certainly the Chronicle has of late been more 
vigorously supporting the President than has hereto- 
fore been its wont. 

The excitement displayed by the daily newspapers over 
murders in a mur der on the slope of Russian Hill, 

London and might delude a stranger into the fancy 

San Francisco. t jj at homicide in San Francisco was so 
rare as to be delightfully thrilling. As a matter of 
fact, the untimely taking off of a man by a petulant 
companion is so common as not to excite remark, 
unless there is a sound, or, at least, plausible, motive 
to make it interesting. How careless men with guns 
have grown to be is shown by the comparison of the 
numbers of violently deceased by bullet wounds here 
with the statistics of London, for example. The met- 
ropolitan police district of London has a population 
of 6.500,000. and in 1902, in this enormous multitude, 
only twenty murders were committed. In this city, 
in the fiscal year 1902-1903. there were recorded 
twenty-seven murders, four justifiable homicides, and 
six cases of manslaughter. Assuming a population 
centring here of say, 500,000. and it will be observed 
that, while London has one murder to each 325,000 
people, San Francisco has seventeen. There were actually 
seven more murders in the City and County of San 
r-rancisco than in all immense and dense London. 
And when it comes to punishing the offenders, our seat 
is of a backwardness most dismal. Of the twenty mur- 
derers in London, four committed suicide, thirteen were 
tried by the courts within the same year, nine being 
hanged, and four adjudged insane. The other three 
were discovered and arrested by the police. In the 
year ending June 30, 1903, there were, out of all the 
murderers indicted, but thirteen convicted, eight as 
charged and five of lesser offenses. With a record of 
forty-three homicides and one hundred and eighty- 
three suicides here in one year, there would seem to 
be room for progress. Possibly, some of these unfor- 
tunates might be persuaded to stay a little longer if 
justice were hastened. 

The San Francisco press is in its chronic condition 

thk new °^ De ' n & at °dds w > tn the board of 

Board of health. The present board consists, for 

Health. the first time> ent j re i v f Mayor 

Schmitz's appointees. The physicians composing it 
doubtless entered upon the duties of their office with 
the expectation of receiving the cooperation of the 
public, following, as they did, upon the administration 
of Michael Casey, the retiring president of the board 
of health, ex officio member of that body as president 
of the board of public works. An ex-teamster exer- 
cising the important function of president of the de- 
partment of public health would be a farcical situation 

enough, if it had not its serious side. Mr. Casey's 
main idea of the duties of the office appears to have 
been to increase the expenditure by stuffing the pay- 
roll. The fitness of employees for the duties assigned 
them was altogether outside of the question. 

Previous to Mr. Casey's administration, the so- 
called " bubonic board " held sway, a body which did 
much to dim San Francisco's fair fame. So much has 
been written concerning its actions that nothing further 
need be said. The bubonic board, both during its 
earlier term of service and under the presidency of the 
ex-teamster, went on their way unmolested until their 
terms expired. So much can not be said for the present 
board. They began with sweeping measures. The 
pay-roll was cut down; certain offices were abolished; 
most of the employees, many of them brethren of the 
hoe and spade, were dismissed, and new men were 
appointed. In some cases, a physician's diploma was 
made a requisite qualification for office. 

The new broom, however, was plied too vigorously. 
By the removal of four inspectors, the rules of civil 
service were transgressed. The mistake was soon 
remedied, and the former inspectors reinstated. But 
the hue and cry had already been raised. San Fran- 
cisco, which had formerly indulged in genial laugh- 
ter over the opera-bouffe spectacle of an ex-teamster 
as its presiding health official, became suddenly grave. 
An investigating committee was organized, threats of 
impeaching the mayor were hinted at, and the new 
board of health was impaled on the point of the repor- 
torial pen. 

In the course pursued and in the attitude of the 
press, there seems to be more haste than wisdom. The 
four physicians comprising the board of health are 
men of good reputation. Dr. Ward, their president, 
is one of San Francisco's most eminent physicians, a 
man of more than local name. The community will 
do well to put trust in such men. There is urgent 
need for reform in the department of public health. 
The City and County Hospital alone, to cite a single 
instance, is a smirch on the city's good name, an ill- 
smelling spot, foul and rank. Given time to act, the 
new board may effect improvement here and in other 
quarters. When men of good name and honorable 
reputation accept public office with no end to serve but 
the welfare of the city, it is not an edifying sight, nor 
conducive to a civic spirit, to see the daily press yap- 
ping at their heels like so many yelping curs. 

It is reported from Washington that, in accordance 

Merely Pause w ' tn tne w ' snes an< l advice of many of 
in Trust his most zealous counselors, the Pres- 

Prosecutions. ident will not urge further prosecutions 
under the Sherman anti-trust law. The report has it 
that this judicial inertness will only last until after 
election, the reason for it being an unwillingness 
to antagonize the larger commercial and financial 
interests at this juncture. It is expressly stated, 
however, and on good authority, that there has been, 
and will be, no relaxation of efforts to gather evidence 
against offenders, and no dulling of the vigilant eye 
of Tudge Day, who is charged with the preparation of 
all cases under the Sherman act. It is considered be- 
yond doubt that, while this cessation is due to a desire 
to strengthen the hands of the administration. Presi- 
dent Roosevelt has reserved the privilege of institut- 
ing further suits where the evidence plainly requires 
it. In the meantime, the prosecution can get up to 
date with its work in anticipation of renewed activity 
after the campaign is over. At present, the operations 
of a half-dozen big corporations are said to be under- 
going investigation, with a view to future and ener- 
getic action. However this may be, the public is as- 
sured that the anti-trust machinery has not been 
stopped, though little of its work will be seen. 

With the object of making San Francisco more beauti- 
„ ful, representative men have organized, 

*■ beautiful San and are considering plans whose execu- 
Francisco. " t j on w j|] eTK j t j t j s proposed, in 1913. in 
an exposition of magnificence commensurate with the 
importance and situation of the city. These plans in- 
clude a consistent improvement of the streets, the con- 
struction of wide boulevards running directly from 
Market Street, the Mission, and Van Ness Avenue 
to Golden Gate Park, and a drive around the bay 
shore. Other municipal improvements that will be 
favored and carried out in time, it is hoped, will he a 
suitable reclamation of Telegraph Hill, the erection of 
a sightly auditorium for general meetings and con- 
ventions, complete police and fire protection for the 
suburbs, and the demolition of the unsightly shacks 
that disgrace some of the most naturally lovely parts 
of the city. 

The executive committee of " The Association for 
the Improvement and Adornment of San Francisco," 
consists of Mr. James D. Phelan, Mr. W. G. Irwin. 

Mr. William Greer Harrison, Mr. Allan Pollok, Mr 
F. W. Dohrmann, and Mr. Herbert E. Law. These 
gentlemen have already received many suggestions as 
to the details of their work. The most important, and 
one widely favored, is for a " Pacific Ocean Exposi- 
tion " in 19 13, to be the climax and crown of the re- 
generation of San Francisco. It is pointed out that, 
by that time, with the expenditure of $10,000,000, this 
city could be made so attractive as to be without a 

The immediate desire of the association is to get 
the advice of skilled architects and artists as to a 
scheme which would insure harmony in all the various 
details of improvement. To this end, it is proposed to 
subscribe a sum sufficient to provide for a careful and 
broad investigation of European cities with respect to 
features that would be valuable if developed here. It 
is thought that within a year this preliminary work 
could be completed, giving the association data on 
which to base their own calculations. In the mean- 
while, it is urged that a special exhibit be made in St. 
Louis, advertising fully the resources and beauties 
of San Francisco, and its climate. With all the com- 
mercial bodies behind them, the lovers of the artistic 
have taken fresh courage, and look forward to a tri- 
umph within a few years, when within the Golden Gate 
the traveler will descry with admiration and delight a 
place of unparalleled and unforgettable loveliness. 

Professor Gayley, of the University of California, has 
Co-education roused radical adherents of the policy 
and Professor of co-education by barring all women 
Gayley. from his second semester course in 

" Great Books." This action has been termed a " Blow 
at Co-Education and a Step Toward Segregating the 
Sexes." Mr. Gayley denies the imputation, and says 
that it was a simple measure of protection for the 
men, who have been crowded out of this course 
by the multitudes of women desirous of listening to 
the English professor's words of wisdom. He states 
that the co in co-education is an illusion when a man 
can not squeeze inside a class room door because of con- 
gested femininity, and boldly assumes that masculine 
intellects are equally as worthy, and in need of train- 
ing, as those of the fair sex. 

Mr. Gayley's purpose is to alternate his classes — 
one semester for women only, another for men only. 
It may be deduced that the professor does not think 
co-education requires association of the sexes. The 
much-vaunted theory that the feminine cheek by the 
masculine jowl induces a certain polish, ease of man- 
ner, quickness of mind, and moral stability, does not 
enter into his calculations. That this innovation will 
be popular with the men, is asserted by students whose 
voice has been heard, and certain of the " co-eds " have 
published the fact that the sisters can not only dis- 
pense with the presence of the brothers, but will re- 
joice in an opportunity to drink at the fountain of 
learning without having to share its pellucid waters 
with thirsty males. 

The continent of Australia presents the strange 
\ustralia spectacle of a country whose nearest 

Warns neighbors are in race Malay, Mongo- * 

south Africa. jj an am | Polynesian ; in religion 
Mohammedan, Buddhist, and Confucian, and yet which 
proposes to erect on its soil a civilization purely Aryan 
and Christian. " A white Australia !" is the cry. 
Answering the arguments of those who would develop 
the country's resources with cheap yellow labor, Aus- 
tralian statesmen reply that it is " better to leave our 
resources undeveloped than develop them by colored 
labor." The method of exclusion employed in Australia 
is an educational test. It works magnificently. Ac- 
cording to a recent statement, not one European has 
been kept out, and only ten out of two thousand five 
hundred and seventy-one others have got in. And now 
from her rich experience, the island common- 
wealth sends warning to her sister colony in 
South Africa that peril lies in the proposed 
importation of Chinese labor. According to the 
dispatch from Melbourne, a few days ago, Pre- 
mier Deakin said in his message that the " prohibi- 
tion of Chinese labor is imperative in British com- 
munities expecting to enjoy responsible self-govern- 
ment." He foresaw " great perils — racial, social, poli- 
tical, and sanitary " — in the proposed action. It now 
remains to be seen if the greedy owners of diamond 
mines, who are the prime movers in the campaign for 
yellow labor on the Rand, will heed the premier's wise 
word of warning. 

The Russian Government has refused to sell to the 
Rothschilds some petroleum fields in the Caucasas. the 
Russian laws forbidding the holding of property by 
Jews. It was held that as a firm the Rothschilds "were 
neither Jew nor Gentile, but impersonal, hut the Czar's 
government held otherwise. 


January 25, 1904. 


How It Figured in a Hold-Up and a Wedding. 

An oriole sat in the top of a spindling bull-pine and 
sang his heart out to the light June breeze ; but to 
Larkin. walking doggedly down the King's River trail, 
the song, if it meant anything, meant an added irrita- 

"March, April, May, and over half of June," he 
fretted to the river that boomed and bawled away be- 
low him. " Nearly four months' work gone to hell 
in a turn of your wrist ! All the field notes, the contour 
map of the flooded area of the dam, the free-hand draw- 
ings of the reservoir basin, all the details of the cross- 
section, a three-hundred-dollar transit, a hundred-and- 
fifty-dollar level, a two-hundred-dollar plane table, the 
work of five men, and God knows what beside — three 
thousand dollars at the very least — chucked into the 
river like an old sack. And I can't do it over again — 
I simply can't." 

The mule had gone over the bank in a shaley place, 
and had made a clean drop of nearly a thousand feet 
into the river. Larkin had counted on his sure-footed- 
ness. He was the best animal in the outfit. That was 
the reason why he had been entrusted with the precious 
load. Judd, Schafer, and the rest of the men had left 
him and gone over the ridge early in the morning. 
They had gone singing and yelling, glad to be free after 
the long, heavy, hot work in the canon. They had left 
him behind to pack his delicate instruments carefully 
upon the back of the mule — a task he would have 
trusted to no man on earth. He was to have followed 
over the ridge, down to Presley's Flat, and on to the 
railroad. But now he was striding along a side trail 
that led another way. There was a black set of certi- 
tude about his mouth when he took that trail. It led 
to Squaw Valley, the nearest place where there was 
" something to drink." 

The young surveyor knew what going to Squaw 
Valley meant. It would be a week of oblivion, so far 
as the things that now depressed and nearly crazed 
him were concerned. He knew that at Squaw Valley 
he would get stupidly, soddenly, blindly drunk — one 
of those old heavy states of doubtful delight into 
which he had not plunged for over a year, and from 
which he had confidently counted himself free for the 
rest of his life. He remembered the last time he had 
emerged from one of those states, and he had recalled 
most vividly the words of Muriel Coe, spoken in that 
sharp, little staccato which characterized that young 
woman's most determined delivery : " Gray Larkin, 
I'll never speak to you again until you stop drinking for 
good. If you can show at the end of a year that you 
are free from that vile habit, I shall be ready to marry 

you, as I promised, but oh, Gray, oh, Gray !" and 

she ran away, sobbing. 

He had secured the contract for the survey of the 
dam site for the electrical power company, and, after 
much delay, during which the whole scheme had seemed 
very dubious at times, had gone to work with his men. 
Muriel's year was up on the third of June, but he 
could not get away for two weeks more. He had 
written to her on the third that he would be in Fresno 
on the twentieth, his contract filled, and the five-thou- 
sand-dollar check in his pocket. But now nearly every- 
thing he had in the world, except Muriel, had seen fit 
to leave him alone on the brink of a thousand-foot 
cliff, and go dashing down a mad canon. It was too 
much for mortal man to bear. Nothing but drink could 
drown the memory of that. The sooner the better, 
too. As for Muriel, she need never know. She 
was a woman. She could not understand. She would 
have sat down and cried. But he could not cry. All 
he could do was to 

Here the trail dipped into the stage road, and down 
there, right at the watering-place, stood the stage itself. 
The trail to Squaw Valley led across the road and down 
the gulch, but by taking the stage and going with it 
up the ridge and down on the other side, he would 
reach the place almost as soon, though by a longer 
route. He was hot and tired, and the outside seat 
looked inviting. So he climbed up to the side of the 
driver — stout, red-faced Jim Aiken — who. was listlessly 
watching his horses drink the gulch water. Gray 
l.arkin knew Jim, and knew that he was proud of his 
team, six rather rough-looking mustangs from the fa- 
mous Snowden ranch, and each with a great, ugly " S- 
bar " brand on his right flank. Jim was generally talk- 
ative enough, but now he said little, giving Gray a 
stupid, noncommittal greeting, and looking dully at him 
through bleared eyes. The team swished out of the water 
and up the rutty road, the driver swaying in his seat 
and looking as though a fall into the dust would be an 
easy matter. Km Cray was not thinking of him. He 
was thinking of his desperate luck and what it meant 
to him. A rude wind blew down the gulch, and Gray's 
in a hawk that was breasting the breeze 
bravely. 1 bird sent his thoughts to Brown- 

Rabbi ben Ezra," in which he had used to have 
faith. The strongest couplet ran in his head: 
H welcome eacfa rebuff 
That turns earth's smoothness rough." 

" 1 )h, what philosophy I" he thought. " A beaten man 
is to shake hands with bis bad luck, eh? What a lot 
of clot ed r. it I" 

Jin s whip fell from his hand, and he clapped on the 
awkwardly, ni arly tumbling into the road. 
I'll get it fa you — yon poor, drunken 

said Gray. He got down lightly over the wheel, and 
going back, picked up the whip and gave it a savage 
crack. As he passed the coach he glanced in curiously 
at the passengers. They were all mill hands, going to 
work in the lumber camps — all except two, who sat on 
the back seat, and were pronouncedly feminine as to 
dress, though not distinctive as to looks, because of 
their flimsy face covering. 

" Two trim pieces of calico," was Gray's comment ; 
" but what do they want to wear veils for in all this 
dust and heat? Should think they'd stifle." 

He found Jim leaning back in his seat with a world 
of weariness in his face, his eyes half closed, and his 
hands so relaxed that the lines were like to fall from 

" You c'n drive six, can't yeh ?" asked Jim, drowsily. 
" Awful tired t'-day. Been workin' ev'y day — s'een 
hours a day." He handed the reins to Gray, who took 
them, gingerly, and with a cumbered sense of their 
complete sufficiency as a test for his driving powers. 
He had driven four-in-hand, and thought he might 
manage the six — the leaders were wonderfully knowing 
brutes. He " got the hang of it " in a few minutes, 
and was soon cracking the whip right merrily and 
studying the intricacies of the brake. Relieved of his 
responsibility, Jim leaned back still further, and in 
sidling places, when he was not threatening to fall 
off the box, he was leaning affectionately upon the 
strained and fully occupied driver. The disgust of Lar- 
kin because of this involuntary attention found vent 
in little groans and shoves of the shoulder. The man's 
breath was something worse than the fumes of 
Gehenna. It was simply intolerable. 

At the top of the ridge, where Gray could look down 
into Squaw Valley, and almost see the low roof of Old 
Craig's groggery, a vision of the bar-room, with its 
blanket-covered poker tables, the old frayed billiard 
table, and the graphophone, squawking forth " Just 
One Girl," came to him, but somehow it was not as 
welcome as it was before the past hour in which he 
had been trying to escape from Jim's gin-soaked 

Scraggly pines fought for a footing among great 
blocks of granite at the top of the ridge. If Gray Lar- 
kin's eyes had been all for the horses he would not 
have seen the streak of shining steel that lay along the 
top of one of the rocks or the slouch hat behind it. But 
he saw, and in an instant smelled danger. He cracked 
his whip and the " S-bar " horses strained in their col- 
lars, the leaders dancing wildly. 

" Shove up yer paws !" 

The slouch hat came around from behind the rock, 
and there was a long, black mask hanging under it. 
The wind switched the mask and almost revealed the 
face beneath it. The stage-robber's hand was flung up 
to his chin to grasp and hold the mask, and in that in- 
stant appeared Gray Larkin's opportunity. There were 
not ten steps to the downward sweep of the Squaw 
Valley grade. His quick whip hissed and sang above 
the horses and scourged the flinching wheelers. The 
next whirl touched the ambling off-horse of the middle 
pair, and above the rattle of the wheels rose the voice 
of the devil-may-care driver, who had caught the 
names of the horses from the drunken Jim : 

" Hey, hey, hey ! Up there, Nell ! Get up, Jack I 
Bil-1-1 1" 

A shot rang from the ready gun in the hands of the 
man with the black mask. 

" Stop her ! Stop her !" he demanded, peremptorily. 
" Pull her up or I'll shot yeh all to pieces !" 

Gray's answer was a quick curse and a terrific ex- 
plosion of his whip, which sent the leaders forward on 
the run. The coach swayed around a little turn, and 
then was off down the grade, without a scrape of the 
brake block or the tightening of one of the six long 
lines in Gray's steady hand. 

Zwit! Zwit! sang two bullets, flying past Gray's 
head, one of them gazing his temple and sending a 
warm stream of blood down over his face. Screams 
rang from the back seat, and there were gruff protests 
from other parts of the coach. 

" Hold up or he'll kill us all !" bawled one unnerved 

" He aint shooting at you!" was Gray's rapid satire. 
But the next shot was very wild, and as they plunged 
down into the hollow among the rocks they were safe 
from further attack. Jim lurched against Gray, and 
came to his sense. 

"Hold-up?" he asked, on the alert in an instant. 
" And you got away ? Good f er you, Gray. He was 
after that eight thousand of the mill company's money 
in the box there. An' still a-runnin'? Gee, can't you 
throw snake." 

" He isn't going to catch me by any short cut, if I 
know it," said Gray, with a tremendous whip-crack. 
They rushed on down the grade, the stage swinging and 
lurching at the turns, and all but toppling over one 
of them. Soon the Squaw Valley houses popped up 
from behind the trees, and there was Old Craig's crazy 
sign hanging across the crazy little sidewalk. 

" We'll step in there an' take somethin' on this," said 
Jim, twirling his thumb toward Craig's; and there was 
a thirsty look in his eye. 

" All right," said Gray. But the tone was not so re- 
sponsive as the words. The man's breath seemed to 
foretell what his own would be before long. And yet 
" taking something " now would be the beginning of 
that week of happy oblivion to which he had been rush- 
ing so blindly. Happy? He looked at Jim, whose eyes 

were shot with crimson threads, and whose hand shook 
like the needle in his lost transit. Still he slowed the 
horses and headed them straight for Craig's. 

And then a voice — Muriel's beyond question — floated 
to him from somewhere out of the vortex of the 
memories he was trying his best to stifle, and made his 
puzzled will as shaky as Jim's nerveless hands. He 
started up in wonder, and for an instant a blur lay all 
over the shabby little town, upon which, however, the 
sun-glare was playing so strongly as to dispel all belief 
in the vision which he had thought at the first must 
surely accompany that voice. He glanced at the rakish, 
uncouth little band of idlers in front of Craig's, and 
they again took on their look of every-day reality. 
Then once more came the voice, clear in tone, but the 
words, whatever they were, or prayer or warning, were 
lost, for Jim's heavy, swill-fed breath was pursuing 
him with : " Craig keeps the best straight goods on the 
hull road. Gimme them lines, now. You're awful kind 
to take 'em back there. I dunno what made me so 
dopey. What I need is a little bracer." 

But Gray did not give up the lines. He headed the 
leaders out and down the road, though they tried to 
swing in as was their wont — headed them straight out, 
and smote the middle team fiercely. 

" What, s up ? Aint yeh goin' to stop here ?" de- 
manded Jim. " Lemme have them there lines." 

" No sir-ee !" The whip snapped viciously over the 
wheelers. The stage was off in a cloud of dust, while 
the loungers at Craig's stood up and shouted after it, 
waving their hands. 

" But we've got to stop there. It's as good as my 
contract's worth !" insisted Jim. 

" Oh, hang your contract !" said Gray. " I'm more 
afraid of that place than I am of the stage-robber. You 
can go back later and pick up the mail if you want 
to. I'm going to Presley's Flat. Got important busi- 
ness there that can't wait." 

The stage-driver tried to take the reins from his 
hands, but he clung on, and swung along with a free 
brake down the grade to Presley's in fifteen minutes 
after passing Squaw Valley. There he handed the 
lines to Jim, and said : " You'll excuse me, but I had 
to meet some friends here. Guess I got in ahead of 

" That's all right, young feller," said the stage-driver, 
admiringly. "And when you want a job at handling 
stage-horses let me know. I'll recommend you. You're 
the best man at slingin' snake I ever see. But I don't 
know why you were so blamed anxious to git by Squaw 
Valley. We might a got a drink there — I'm all-fired 
thirsty — but there aint a drop o' bug jooce in this 
place. Presley's one o' them silly Prohibitionists !" 

The passengers all got down from the coach before 
Gray stepped from the box. He was " a bit frayed 
around the edges," as he said, and didn't feel like meet- 
ing anybody. But he had to meet some one, for one 
of the veiled young women came forward before he 
stepped over the wheel and spoke concernedly to him 
in Muriel's voice : " Gray, get right down and let me 
see your face. What's the matter with it. It's all 

He had forgotten his scratch, but he wiped his face, 
mechanically now, while he stared at Muriel, and 
asked: "How did you ever get here? Were you in- 
side all the time ?" 

" Yes ; I came up with Kate Nicholls. She's going 
to teach the Squaw Valley school." 

" And you thought you might run across me up here, 
too, didn't you, and go back to Fresno with me?" he 
asked, tenderly, putting his arm around her right before 
the whole crowd. 

She smiled, and blushed a "yes." "But your face?" 
she asked, solicitously. 

" Oh, it's nothing — just a graze. It doesn't hurt. 
But I must apologize to your friend for carrying her 
past her station." 

" You — were you driving? Did you run away from 
the robber?" and she smiled upon him, proudly. 

" Yes, I drove; and I've got such a lot to tell you. 
Come away from the rest and get the sad story of my 
bad luck." 

They walked down the road a little way, and he 
told her of his loss and how it had so nearly undone 

" And that was the reason why we were whisked 
past Squaw Valley," she said. " You were running 
away from the evil one as well as from the robber. 
Oh, I'm so proud of you ! And you know it doesn't 
matter about your loss. We'll go down to Fresno right 
away, and " 

"Get married? Oh, Mu!" He kissed her, and then 
wiped a little streak of his blood off her face. " No, it 
doesn't matter. Nothing matters. I can begin it all 
over again after we are married. You know I was 
cursing Browning and his philosophy an hour ago, and 
now I am his most ardent devotee. All this bad luck 
was ' material just meant to give my soul its bent.' 
But Mu, dearest, you haven't the nerve to marry me 
with only fifty-two dollars to my name?" 

" 1 think I have," she said. " And you'll be rich 
when you fill that surveying contract." 

But there were five hundred dollars to set up house- 
keeping with, the money coming from a source of 
which they had little dreamed — the coffers of the com- 
pany which had been saved the loss of the express box 
by the reckless daring of Gray Larkin. 

Bailey Millard. 

San Francisco, January, 1904. 

January 25, 1904. 



Death of Princess Mathilde— Was Daughter of Napoleon Bonaparte's 

Brother— Her Marriage to Prince Demidoff — Established 

Great Salon— Leading Events of Her Life. 

With the passing of Princess Mathilde. on January 
2d, died the last hope of the Bonapartes for re- 
stored supremacy in France. It was, most probably, 
a small hope — and, to all concerned, except this won- 
derful daughter of Prince Jerome Bonaparte, it was 
hut a wish, an iridescent dream. Prince Victor, 
to whom she looked for the revival of past glories, 
was sulky and slothful — content to live in luxury 
in Brussels. Yet, when Mathilde, despairing of him, 
plotted, in 1900, to make his brother Louis ruler of 
France, even carrying her plans so far toward con- 
summation as to engage Louis to Juno, the Grand 
Duchess Helene. and have him promoted by the Czar, 
over the heads of eighty colonels, to a major-generalcy 
in the Russian army, Victor, jealous and vindictive, 
defeated her schemes. She may have had hopes dur- 
ing the last two years of her life. It is likely that she 
continued to plot through habit, if nothing else; for, 
" of the eighty-three years of her life, over sixty were 
spent in political intrigue — and it is hard, at eighty- 
three, to break one's routine of life. But she is dead, 
and the last flicker of Napoleonic glory has forever 
departed from France. 

Princess Mathilde's death-bed scene was dramatic 
and reminiscent: for at her side when she died were 
Eugenie, ex-empress, widow of Mathilde's one-time 
fiance. Napoleon the Third, and her avowed enemy 
in years gone by; and Princess Clothilde. who was a 
sister-in-law of Mathilde, and who hates Eugenie 
only as Eugenie hates her. These three old women, 
one dying, the others living beyond their allotted time, 
recalled the glories of the Second Empire, when, half 
a century ago, Napoleon the Third ruled France in 
turbulent fashion, with Eugenie as his empress, while 
Mathilde, whom Eugenie deposed, plotted, to her sor- 
row, because her schemes brought about the death 
of the man she loved, against the reigning powers. 

But for the profligacy of two men — her father, 
Jerome Bonaparte, once King of Westphalia, and her 
cousin, Louis Napoleon, afterward Napoleon the 
Third — Mathilde might have been empress under the 
latter. Her father was a brother of the great Napo- 
leon, and was a weakling and a spendthrift. Ma- 
thilde was to marry Louis Napoleon, but he was im- 
provident and reckless, having little and taking no 
care of that; so her father, in consideration of the can- 
cellation of many of his debts and the promise that 
he should be allowed to contract more, married her 
to a Cossack, the immensely wealthy Anatole Demi- 
doff. His first move was to build a marvelous palace 
for his bride, and to purchase from the Grand Duke 
of Tuscany the estate of San Donato, also the title 
of Prince of San Donato. During the honeymoon the 
couple had their clasped hands carved in marble, with 
the inscription " Forever." The palace of San Donato 
was one of the finest ever erected in Europe, and was 
filled with the costliest treasures of the art world. 
But in spite of his semi-culture, and of the fact that 
he was a great connoisseur of pictures and one of the 
most intelligent art patrons of his time, Demidoff was 
a brute. The beautiful Mathilde's life with him was 
most unhappy. They lived together for five stormy 
years. Then the wife appealed to Czar Nicholas, 
who was a relative, and who had opposed the mar- 
riage from the start. Her manner of enlisting his 
sympathy and aid was dramatic in the extreme, and 
showed her a woman of resource and determination. 
One night, in St. Petersburg, where his wife was very 
popular, Demidoff went alone to a state ball in the 
Winter Palace. The reception and presentation were 
just over, and the dancing was about to begin, when 
Princess Mathilde, unaccompanied and unattended, 
entered the ball-room in a magnificent white toilet, 
all her jewels about her graceful person. She walked 
majestically up to the Czar, at whose feet she knelt. 
Then withdrawing the lace scarf that covered her bare 
shoulders and bowing her head low, she displayed her 
white back streaked all over with bloody marks left 
by her husband's whip, and with uplifted hands 
begged the Czar to rid her of the man who had thus 
treated her. 

The Czar shortly afterward complied with her re- 
quest, granting her a legal separation, and compel- 
ling Demidoff to grant her an annuity of fifty thou- 
sand dollars. 

This was in 1845. In 1847, Louis Phillippe gave 
the former King of Westphalia permission to live in 
Paris, and hither he came with Mathilde, who had 
been with him since leaving Demidoff. Here she es- 
tablished a salon, and its history is the history of the 
Second Empire. It was the gathering place of the 
great of intellect. De Musset, Alexander Dumas and 
his son, Sainte-Beuve, Flaubert, Taine, Ernest Renan, 
Prosper Merimee, and many others gathered around 
this charming, witty, imperious niece of Napoleon 

In 1849, Louis Napoleon became prince-president 
of France. Mathilde did the honors of his household 
for him, and kept the factions that warred around 
him reconciled. Then Eugenie appeared upon the 
scene. She was Spanish, one of two sisters who were, 
some asserted, daughters of the late Queen Christina 
of Spain. She and her sister were brought up as the 

daughters of the Countess of Monti jo, and by nearly 
everybody were recognized as such. Eugenie had a 
checkered career. Her mother's deportment was not 
of the best, so Queen Christina forbade her the Span- 
ish court, deprived the two girls of their positions as 
maids of honor, and sent the three of them traveling 
all over the continent. The eldest girl married the 
Spanish Duke of Alba, and Eugenie was courted and 
won by Napoleon the Third, who married her in 1853. 
It may be said, to Eugenie's credit, that after becoming 
his wife, not the slightest breath of scandal ever at- 
tached to her name. 

This marriage put an end to Mathilde's reign over 
Napoleon's household, and she devoted her time to 
furthering the plans of the opposition. Then, after 
Napoleon the Third was driven to exile and his son 
was killed in South Africa, she devoted her life to 
holding together the remnants of the household of 
Napoleon and plotting for its restoration. 

The principal pride of this woman was her rela- 
tionship to Bonaparte. " Do you know," she was 
once asked, " that through Queen Catherine you are 
related to most of the reigning houses of Europe?" 
"What is that beside being the niece of Napoleon?" 
was her reply. Whenever she was displeased with 
any one she would send him a card inscribed " P. P. 
C." (pour prendre conge), which dissolved their 
friendship. Taine, one of her most valued friends, re- 
ceived one of these cards after publishing his book on 
Napoleon, and Joseph Reinach's defense of Dreyfus 
brought a similar message. 

She was not over-fond of women, having little re- 
spect for their intelligence. "When with men," said 
one chronicler, " Mathilde feels that she is with her 
equals, and can talk with pleasure of literature, art, 
and politics. ' But with women,' says the princess, 
' how few there are with whom one can converse ! 
Should a woman come into this drawing-room now, 
we would be obliged to change the conversation.' " 
Her conversational powers were, indeed, wonderfully 
developed, and she had a charm of manner as well as 
a beauty of person that attracted a large circle. She 
was very charitable, maintaining at her own expense 
a hospital at Neuilly, where three hundred crippled 
girls are cared for and educated. She had a passion 
for art, and won many prizes. King Edward has one 
of her pictures, for which he paid three thousand dol- 
lars, and she illustrated the works of some of the 
most famous French authors. 

Mathilde's death caused sorrow here in Paris and 
all through France, where she was known as " the 
good princess." Her funeral will be simple, only mem- 
bers of the immediate family being present. Emperor 
William has already sent a wreath for her coffin. 

Paris, January 7, 1904. St. Martin. 

Professor Hudson's Racy Description of the Philosopher's Foibles. 

The philosopher, Herbert Spencer, as " a good hand 
at a comic song *' is the startling new role in which 
William Henry Hudson, writing in the current North 
American Review, presents the great evolutionist. In 
fact, much as has been written of Spencer, Pro- 
fessor Hudson's article, based on personal knowl- 
edge, presents an altogether fresh idea of the man. He 
writes : 

Spencer was really of a sociable disposition, a thoroughly 
" clubable " man, as Johnson would say ; fond, when health 
permitted, of dining out; an admirable conversationalist and 
raconteur, with a capital sense of humor and a keen eye for 
the fun of even little things. I believe I am right in saying 
that, in earlier life, like his friend, G. H. Lewes, he was a 
good hand at a comic song. He always scouted the notion 
that, because a man devoted his life to serious subjects, he 
should, therefore, be deemed superior to the ordinary pleas- 
ures of humanity. Though dyspepsia imposed restraints upon 
his own diet, he was a firm believer in the good things of the 
table, including those of potable character. And while he 
did not himself smoke, or did so only on the rarest occasions, 
he had no objection to the moderate use of the weed. 

For many years, his main social outlet was at the 
Athenaeum Club, where he was a very familiar figure. Cards 
he cared nothing about. He told me once that he had tried 
to learn whist, but had desisted on finding that he could 
never remember the plays, a consolation to some of us who 
have to confess the same inability. 

Here is Professor Hudson's graphic description of 
Spencer's appearance: 

From the photographs with which every reader is doubt- 
less familiar, it will be seen that Spencer's face was a strik- 
ingly expressive one, with its strong frontal ridge, deep-set 
eyes, prominent nose, and firmly cut mouth and jaw — the 
face, as you instantly saw. of a man marked out for intel- 
lectual leadership. The features which, however, arrested 
attention in particular (as again the portraits show) were 
the magnificent broad brow and high-domed head, which led 
many qualified observers to assert that Spencer's cranial de- 
velopment was the finest they had ever seen. In his case 
there was no such incongruity as sometimes exists between 
the man's appearance and his work. The one seemed to har- 
monize wholly with the other. One thing, however, would 
perhaps astonish you. as it astonished George Eliot. The 
forehead of a great thinker is generally plowed deep with 
the lines of thought. Spencer's was, to the end, as smooth 
as a child's, bearing no traces of his long years of intense 
intellectual strain. This was probably due, as he once sug- 
gested to me. to the fact that, instead of setting himself to 
puzzle out problems, he allowed his thoughts to evolve them- 
selves naturally. It was also a little surprising that his long- 
continued ill health appeared to have had so slight an effect 
outwardly upon him. His tall and rather gaunt figure was, 
almost to the last, wonderfully erect; his cheeks were al- 
ways ruddy ; his splendid voice, which would have been a 
fortune to an orator, retained its richness and resonance ; 
his rather rare laugh, its deep-chested, musical quality. Few 
men in the 'eighties are as well preserved as he was ; and 
it was difficult, in looking at him or listening to him, to be- 
lieve that for half a century he had been, to a considerable 
extent, an invalid. 


King Edward is fond of being photographed, and 
the leading London artists are kept busy by his majesty 
as well as others of the royal household. It is said 
that the king has posed for the camera over one thou- 
sand times. 

Samuel J. Crawford, of Kansas, was the youngest 
governor ever elected in his State. He is now sixty- 
eight years old, a Kansan to the core, proud of it, 
and the last survivor of the union war governors. 
Governor Crawford does not believe in the rapid life 
of the age. " To-day," says he, " the happiest people 
in America are living the plain but wholesome lives 
of countrymen." 

Senator Hoar is the only member of either branch 
of Congress who draws on the Congressional Library 
extensively for the Greek and Latin poets. He still 
delves in the riches of the " Iliad " and the " Odyssey," 
and the "iEneid" of Virgil. The Massachusetts senator 
is an eager reader of many other books in the big 
library, but since Representative Elliott, of South 
Carolina, retired from public life, he is about the only 
reader of books in foreign languages save Senator 
Elkins, of West Virgina, who occasionally sends for a 
volume in Spanish. 

It is perhaps not generally known that Adna R. 
Chaffee, who last week succeeded General Young at 
the head of the army, is related to a famous German 
general. It is said that when a question arose among 
the allied armies before Pekin as to who should be 
commander-in-chief, and when Waldersee was se- 
lected because of his superior rank, an officer wrote 
back to America that so long as Chaffee had not been 
chosen for the international leader it was a satisfaction 
to know that the place had been " kept in the family." 
the significance of this remark lying in the fact that 
Chaffee and Waldersee are cousins, the field-marshal's 
mother having been a Miss Lee, of New York. 

Colonel Charles Denby, who died of heart failure 
last week, at Jamestown. N. Y.. where he delivered a 
lecture, was a Virginian by birth, having been born 
in Botetourt County in 1831. In the 'fifties he was 
editor of the Evansville (Ind.) Daily Enquirer, later 
studied law, served through the Civil War, rising to 
the rank of colonel, and after the war resumed the 
practice of law, and was prominent in politics. He also 
was a great student of Oriental subjects, and that led 
to his appointment by President Cleveland, in 1885, as 
United States minister to Pekin.' Colonel Denby served 
in China for thirteen years. President Harrison re- 
called him, and appointed Henry W. Blair in his stead. 
The new minister started for Pekin, but so strong was 
the protest of the Chinese Government that the Presi- 
dent decided to retain Colonel Denby in the mission. 
President Cleveland did not disturb the Indiana man in 
1892, and it was not until 1898 that President Mc- 
Kinley retired him. 

Mutsu-Hito. the Emperor of Japan, is said to be 
tall for a Tapanese, about five feet seven in height, and 
rather heavily built. He looks older than his years, 
which are fifty-two. His beard is long, rather than full, 
and he has the same coarse black hair which all his 
subjects have. His eyes are coal black and of a rare 
brightness when interested, but generally their ex- 
pression is dull and heavy. Some declare that the 
Mikado of the Meiji. or " enlightened peace " era, is the 
most remarkable man of the age, and others that he is 
but little removed from an idiot. The truth, according 
to Stephen Bonsai, lies somewhere between the extremes 
advanced. At all times, and especially when sur- 
rounded by his troops, the emperor has a very imposing 
appearance. His is a carriage of unconscious superior- 
ity over other mortals, but the moment he walks he 
loses much of his dignity. There is no spring to the 
emperor's step, his knees are stiff, and the whole ex- 
ercise is awkward and evidently distasteful to him. 

Admiral AlexeiefF. who is to-day in supreme control 
of the Russian army and navy in the Far East, is said 
by the London Daily Mail's correspondent to have " a 
pleasing personality, with nothing in his appearance to 
strike terror to the world — still young enough to look 
forward to great conquests, yet just old enough to im- 
press one as a kindly middle-aged man with a 
patriarchal beard." He is the first Russian viceroy in 
the Far East, the man upon whom Nicholas the Second 
has imposed a momentous task of building up a new 
empire. He has been in his time governor-general of 
Eastern Siberia and governor of Russian Manchuria. 
He was in charge of the Russian troops in China, in 
1900, and had under him when war began more troops 
than all the other powers together, except Japan. 
Where Alexeieff rules, there the soldier knows that 
obedience is the only virtue in the world, and on the 
trying march to Pekin. where soldiers of all other na- 
tionalities collapsed in hundreds along the road from 
sunstroke or dysentery, or oppressed by the great heat, 
not a single Russian was seen to fall out of the ranks. 
When the allies left China the Czar sent Alexeieff a 
sword shining with gold and diamonds, and inscribed : 
" Fit victories at the seat of war in Pechili, 19 . ;" 
Since then the emperor has made him lord of Russia's 
Far Eastern empire, with powers almost absolute under 
the Czar himself and a special committee. The admiral 
has become, as a Russian paper said, the instrument 
of the will and purpose of the Czar. 


January 25, 1904. 


Miss Bonner's Criticism of the Opera — A Silent, Quietly Dressed 

Audience — A Great Dramatic Spectacle — The Wonderful 

Grail Scene — An Adequate Leading Man. 

Last Thursday, in the darkening end of a wet after- 
noon, the huhbuh of Broadway, in front of the opera- 
house, was torn by the sudden blare of trumpets. The 
effect of this mediaeval sound piercing the moist, icy 
air. and cutting into the roar of traffic, was singularly 
arresting. It was a call. loud, clear, and imperious. 
Exactly where it came from no one at first could tell. 
But it seemed to issue from the doors of the opera- 
house, and its purpose was to summon the third " Par- 
sifal" audience to its seats. 

At five o'clock the house was full and the doors 
closed. And what a house it was ! — every gallery 
was packed, not a chair vacant. Each box showed its 
complement of occupants all quietly dressed in clothes 
of sober tints. The audience from pit to ceiling was 
dark in color, as the French audiences are when they 
go to see " La Samaritaine " in Holy Week. Anything 
in the nature of gay or loud dressing has been dis- 
couraged as out of harmony with the religious nature 
of the performance. Perfect silence held this vast 
concourse of people as the lights grew dim, only the 
red globes, marking the exits retaining a clear, soft 
luminousness. Upon this silent darkness, over this 
mass of mute, motionless listeners, the first notes of 
the overture floated with an effect of deep and inspir- 
ing solemnity. 

I had never seen " Parsifal " before, and have only 
heard such portions of the Grail service and the chorus 
of the flower maidens as have been given in this coun- 
try. To come to any just understanding of this last 
enormous work of one of the most original minds of 
his century, it would be necessary to hear the opera 
many times, and to know something of the involved 
intricacies of the score. Nevertheless, heard thus for 
the first time, it has left upon my mind the impression 
that Wagner's powers when he wrote it were on the 
decline. The wondrous spontaneity, and richness of 
his genius, had exhausted themselves. The " glory 
and the dream " that were his when he wrote the 
Ring, no longer flooded his mind with their magic. 
He was in his 'sixties, and the exuberance of creative 
power, the passionate effervescence of his imagina- 
tion, had been expended. 

" Parsifal " has been the best-advertised opera in 
the world. The fact that you had to go to Beyreuth 
to see it. enhanced its worth a hundred-fold to those 
who value their pleasures according to price and ex- 
clusiveness. If " Parsifal " had been free to any opera- 
house as the Ring has been, as " Tristan and Isolde " 
is. I do not believe it ever would have competed suc- 
cessfully with either of these works of the master's 
splendid prime. 

But if Wagner's creative powers were declining 
when he wrote his religious opera, he had at his com- 
mand unlimited means to supply the costly and colos- 
sal scenic effects he was so fond of arranging. Viewed 
purely as a dramatic spectacle. " Parsifal " is magnif- 
ficent beyond words. The artist eye which conceived 
the wild interior of Hundnig's hut, the golden-moted 
depth of the Rhine, with the white, half-revealed forms 
of the Rhine daughters undulating on its currents, the 
blossoming of the winter forest as Siegmund sings 
of his love, the Valkyrie sleeping in her circle of 
leaping flames, had lost none of its keenness for the 
dramatically picturesque. 

Scene follows scene, each one imbued with a wild 
and fantastic, or an almost awe-inspiring beauty. 
Those two which are most haunting — and with the 
music of which we are all more or less familiar — 
are the Grail mass at the end of the first act, and Par- 
sifal's meeting with the flower maidens in the second. 
The music in the mass scene is at times of an almost 
heavenly spirituality, and the whole act is overlaid 
with a solemn and reverential spirit that imparts to 
even a flippant auditor the sense of assisting at holy 
mysteries. As the sick Amfortas slowly uncovers the 
Grail, dreading to prolong his own pangs, the three 
tiers of voices — tin- men's on the ground floor, the 
youths' in the gallery, and the hoys' in the dome — 
chanl in solemn, exalted cadences. The boys' voices 
I I believe Conried substituted women) float down- 
ward from the airy spaces of the dome with an effect 
so aerial, so unearthly, so penetratingly pure and 
sweet, thai the effect is indescribably uplifting. Dur- 
ing this chanting of the three choruses the light has 
grown slowly dim and even dimmer. It is as gradual 
;is tin- fall of twilight. Finally, only the pillars of the 
hall are faintly seen. Then Amfortas rises and lifts 
the Grail on high. The sacred blond, lapped by the 
currents of reverential melody, suddenly reddens and 
grows deeper, till it glows like the heart of a ruby. 
The knights kneel in prayer, and the boys' voices float 
down in benediction. 

The second act opens with the magnificent scene of 

Klingsor's incantation to Kundry. I read somewhere 
thai Klingsor and Kundry were Wagner's favorite 
figures 111 the opera, and thai upon ihcir music he had 
expended himself. Certainly the opening of ibis 
scene is melodiously impressive and weird. The in- 
cantat.on is like a storm centre of sound, with the 
wizard's hoarse summons to Kundry dominating a 
1 of wild notes. Her figure rises against the 

walls, white-veiled, amid wreaths of smoke, and as it 
awaits the commands of its master, emits two long 
and heart-stirring wails of misery — awful cries, unlike 
anything I have ever heard in any other opera. 

The scene of the Enchanted Garden is set just behind 
this. It is very beautiful; a sort of Moorish kiosk on 
one side, and a riot of blossoms covering the stage from 
end to end. It is here that the flower maidens seek 
to beguile Parsifal, still the " Pure Fool," unknowing 
sin or pity, first calling to him to come and play with 
them. His foolish and rather ugly face, illuminated 
with childish pleasure at the sight of such charming 
playmates, soon becomes darkened with suspicion and 
uneasiness as they twine their arms about him and 
murmur love phrases into his unwilling ear. Their 
gyrations and the accompanying music remind one of 
a swarm of wasps about a fruit. They whirled in 
rhythmically graceful circles about him, now ap- 
proaching, now drawing back, sometimes swarming in 
a cloud around him, then darting at him singly. All 
the time their voices rose and fell in that unspiritual, 
alluring chorus which has something of the thin, al- 
most whining persistence that belongs to the violins 
in the " Tannhauser " overture — clear, swelling, and di- 
minishing, full of seduction yet never tender, their 
voices seemed to blend into a volume of fine-drawn, 
thrilling sound such as a swarm of circling insects 
makes, and their draperies floating from the shoulders 
in long, web-like filaments were like the insects' wings. 

Alois Burgstaller. who was imported especially for 
the "Parsifal" performances, leaving an amazed Bey- 
reuth and an enraged Frau Cosima, is, to my thinking, 
a great artist. A fine voice, fresh, strong, and young, 
a keen dramatic sense, a high interpretative intelligence, 
and a splendid presence, make him an ideal representa- 
tive of the part. Moreover, he is a German, and it 
takes a German to sing Wagner. I do not believe any 
American — unless it may be Bispham — has ever given 
a truly great performance in a Wagner opera. They 
are as different as possible from the Germans — as dif- 
ferent as Nordica's Brunhilde is to Lillie Lehmann's. 

Besides his splendid voice, which is yet in its unim- 
paired youth. Burgstaller is an excellent actor, evi- 
dently richly dowered with a fervent Teutonic imagina- 
tion. I hear he is but twenty-five years of age. He 
has a figure of great height and fine proportions, though 
slender and almost gawky as an overgrown boy's might 
be. His face is typically German, long, with small eyes 
set high up, and a very large nose. But it is one of the 
most expressive faces to be imagined. 

In the first act Parsifal is, as the legend calls him, 
" A Pure Fool " — that, as far as I understand it. means 
a simple-minded person, not quite an imbecile, but one 
who is mentally unawake. Wagner made his own 
story, as he always did. welding it together from bits 
and scraps picked up in many places, selected from 
many sources. The legend of the Pure Fool goes back 
into the darkness of antiquity. It is one of those tales 
which antedate Christianity, and that the clever Chris- 
tian scribes took and bent to their needs, changing 
the religious element to make it fit the new church. 
It is found in the folk-lore of many countries. Par- 
sifal crossed the channel, and in England became 
Perceval, a spotless man and a gallant knight. In one 
of his journeys he married a distressed queen, and by 
her became the father of Lohengrin. 

Wagner's story is concerned with the first adventures 
of bis youth when he was still the Pure Fool. The 
scheme of his development is very like that of Sieg- 
fried. Both are simple-minded youths, brought up in 
Arcadian innocence in the forest. Both are weak- 
ened to intelligence and understanding by a kiss. But 
the kiss of Kundry, the sorceress, has not the same ef- 
fect as that of the noble-hearted Valkyrie. As Par- 
sifal tears himself from the arms of the enchantress, 
his face is illuminated not with passion but with pity, 
and his cry is not "Kundry!" but "Amfortas!'' It 
was through Kundry 's kiss that Amfortas fell and re- 
ceived the wound which never healed and placed him 
under the ban of everlasting pain. The same kiss and 
all it means illumines the darkness of Parsifal's mind, 
and he realizes Amfortas's temptation, his weakness. 
his fall ; and it is the divine passion of pity which 
transfigures him. He is the Pure Fool no longer. 

Kundry is an entire departure from the ranks of 
Wagnerian heroines. His women are invariably of an 
elemental breadth and simplicity of character, primi- 
tive in the depth and sweep of their emotions. Kundry 
is a mystery of dark complexities. The story goes 
that she is a reincarnation of that Herodias whose 
daughter danced off the head of John the Baptist. < me 
of the most extraordinary things about her is that — 
long before hypnotism was studied or understood — 
Wagner shows her to be under a hypnotic spell. She 
is Klingsor's tool because Klingsor has the power to 
will her to do his bidding. When, in the third act, 
Gernemauz finds her cold and rigid under the bush, 
she appears to be in what to-day would be described 
as .1 hypnotic trance. 

It is in the third act that the opera becomes ex- 
ceedingly uninteresting and heavy. The first half of 
it is mainly filled with those overwhelming Wagner 
solos which lasl for an incredible space of time, and are 
a completely tuneless recital of facts or adventures. 
In the earlier operas, Tannhauser's description of his 
trip to Rome and of what the Pope told him, is the 
only thing 1 can remember in the least comparable with 
these stupefying performances. The audience (save 
the mclonianiacs and ecstatic Germans that made up 

part of it) showed distinct signs of restlessness and 
exhaustion. At eleven o'clock the huge house emptied 
itself into Broadway. It is said there were four thou- 
sand five hundred people in it. The crowds issuing 
from every door stopped the traffic and blocked the 
street till the last carriage and car whisked them away. 

Geraldine Bonner. 
New York, January 13, 1904. 


San Jose, Cal., January 7, 1904. 
Editors Argonaut: Many years ago, Judge M. H. Ilyland dis- 
covered the enclosed poem and had the same printed for circulation 
among his friends. Within recent years the lines have appeared in 
some obscure publications, but the poem is worthy of perpetuation, 
and with that end in view, I send it to the Argonaut. 

Yours very truly, William A. Uowden. 


[This is the poem of which Golovnin says in his Narrative, that 
it has been rendered into Japanese by order of the emperor, and is 
hung up, embroidered with gold, in the temple of Jeddo. An honor 
somewhat similar has been done in China to the same poem; it has 
been translated into the Chinese and Tartar languages, written on a 
piece of rich silk, and suspended in the imperial palace at Pekin.] 

Thou eternal One ! whose presence bright 
All space doth occupy, all motion guide — 

Unchanged through time's all-devastating flight ! 

Thou only God — there is no God beside ! 
Being above all beings ! Mighty One, 

Whom none can comprehend and none explore ! 
Who fill'st existence with Thyself alone — 

Embracing all, supporting, ruling o'er, — 

Being whom we call God, and know no more ! 

In its sublime research, philosophy 

May measure out the ocean-deep — may count 
The sands or the sun's rays — but, God ! for Thee 

There is no weight nor measure ; none can mount 
Up to Thy mysteries : Reason's brightest spark. 

Though kindled by Thy light, in vain would try 
To trace Thy counsels, infinite and dark : 

And thought is lost ere thought can soar so high, 

Even like past moments in eternity 

Thou from primeval nothingness didst call 

First chaos, then existence — Lord ! in Thee 
Eternity had its foundation ; all 

Sprung forth from Thee — of light, joy, harmony. 
Sole Origin — all life, all beauty Thine ; 

Thy word created all. and doth create : 
Thy splendor fills all space with rays divine : 

Thou art, and wert. and shalt be ! Glorious ! Great ! 

Light-giving, life-sustaining potentate! 

Thy chains the unmeasured universe surround — 

Upheld by Thee, by Thee inspired with breath ! 
Thou the beginning with the end hast bound. 

And beautifully mingled life, and death ! 
As sparks mount upwards from the fiery blaze, 

So suns are born, so worlds spring forth from Thee ; 
And as the spangles in the sunny rays 

Shine round the silver snow, the pageantry 
Of heaven's bright army glitters in Thy praise. 

A million torches lighted by Thy hand 

Wander unwearied through the blue abyss — 
They own Thy power, accomplish Thy command. 

All gay with life, all eloquent with bliss. 
What shall we call them? Piles of crystal light — 

A glorious company of golden streams — 
Lamps of celestial ether burning bright — 

Suns lighting systems with their joyous beams? 
But Thou to these art as the noon to night. 

Yes ! as a drop of water in the sea. 

All this magnificence in Thee is lost \— 
What are ten thousand worlds compared to Thee? 

And what am I then ? — Heaven's unnumbered host. 
Though multiplied by myriads, and arrayed 

In all the glory of sublimest thought, 
Is but an atom in the balance, weighed 

Against Thy greatness — is a cipher brought 

Against infinity! W f hat am I then? Naught! 

Naught ! But the effluence of Thy light divine. 

Pervading worlds, hath reached my bosom too ; 
Yes ! in my spirit doth Thy spirit shine. 

As shines the sunbeam in a drop of dew. 
Naught ! but I live, and on hope's pinions fly 

Eager towards Thy presence — for in Thee 

1 live, and breathe, and dwell, aspiring high. 
Even to the throne of Thy divinity. 

I am, O God ! and surely Thou must be ! 

Thou art ! — directing, guiding all — Thou art ! 

Direct my understanding then to Thee: 
Control my spirit, guide my wandering heart ; 

Though hut an atom midst immensity. 
Still I am something fashioned by Thy hand ! 

I hold a middle rank 'twixt heaven and earth — 
On the last verge of mortal being stand, 

Close to the realms where angels have their birth. 
Just on the boundaries of the spirit-land! 

The chain of being is complete in me — 

In me is matter's last gradation lost. 
And the next step is spirit — deity ! 

1 can command the lightning, and am dust ! 
A monarch and a slave — a worm, a god ! 

Whence came I here, and how? so marvelously 
Constructed and conceived? unknown! this clod 

Lives surely through some higher energy; 

For from itself alone it could not be! 

Creator, yes ! Thy wisdom and Thy word 
Created me! Thou source of life and good! 

Thou spirit of my spirit, and my Lord ! 

Thy light. Thy love, in their bright plenitude 

Filled me with an immortal soul, to spring 
Over the abyss of death ;"and bade it wear 

Thy garments of eternal day. and wing 

Its heavenly flight beyond this little sphere. 
Even to its source, to Thee, its author there. 

Oh thoughts ineffable! oh visions blest! 

Though worthless our conceptions all of Thee, 
Yet shall Thy shadowed image fill our breast. 

And waft its homage to Thy deity. 
God ! thus alone my lowly thoughts can soar, 

Thus seek Thy presence — Being wise and good ! 
Midst Thy vast works admire, obey, adore; 
And when the tongue is eloquent no more, 

The soul shall speak in tears of gratitude. 
—Translated from the Russian of Gabriel Romanowitch 
Dcrchavin by John Boivring, 


January 25, 1904. 




Secret Memoirs of the Berlin Court— Is the Kaiser a Megalomaniac ?- 

The Story of His Withered Arm— An Unflattering View 

of the Empress— The Royal Bath. 

The Kaiser a megalomaniac — such is the curious 
story, fortified by elaborate argument, supported by fact 
after fact, and detail after detail, that conies to us in 
two thick volumes bulking to seven hundred pages, and 
purporting to be from the papers and diaries (1888- 
1898) of Ursula, Countess von Eppinghoven, dame du 
palais to her majesty the Empress-Queen of Germany. 

This lady, Henry W. Fischer, an American jour- 
nalist resident in Berlin, avers that he met in Mos- 
cow. She told him of some of the startling things 
she knew. He persuaded her to write down the rest. 
These volumes are the result. 

They seem authentic. They certainly display a 
wealth of intimate knowledge. If they are fact, the 
work is indeed extraordinary; if fiction, they are yet 
entertaining. The probabilities are that the basic facts 
are authentic, however richly they may be embroid- 
ered by fancy. 

One does not have to read far in the " Private 
Lives of William II and His Consort, and Secret 
History of the Court of Berlin," to discover the au- 
thor's bias against the Kaiser. We hear, immediately, 
of the "stigmata" of the Kaiser's disease — of his in- 
flamed ear, which has to be constantly cleaned by a 
pumping apparatus, of his left leg that every now and 
then gives out. and of the useless arm. The true story 
of this arm, according to the hebamme who officiated 
at the birth of the future Kaiser, is this: 

" At first we were all so busy putting life into the prince, 
and keeping it in him, that no one thought of examining his 
limbs. Even when, on January 28th, the late Crown Prince 
showed his son to his relatives, friends, and the assembled 
royal and princely households, no one observed that anything 
was wrong. But on the last, or the last but one day of the 
month, it was noticed that the child could not move his left 
arm ; an investigation was made, and, in the course of it, 
the surgeons discovered that the elbow joint was dislocated. 
That is nothing serious in a healthy child. However, in the 
case of Prince William, the surrounding soft parts were so 
injured, and the muscles attached in such a condition, that 
no one dared attempt to set the bone then." 

Further information about that withered arm is given 
farther on in the book : 

This arm the Kaiser hugs closely to his body, allowing 
the hand, which is not deformed, but puny like a child's, to 
rest against his waist, or upon his hip, if on horseback. Any 
one following the German papers will probably remember 
that the official journals issue ballons d'essai from time to 
time to ascertain public sentiment in respect to the introduc- 
tion of a belt for army officers, an article of accoutrement 
foreign to the Prussian uniform, and out of harmony with 
its general style. As the Empress Eugenie reestablished the 
crinoline in the 'sixties to hide her interesting condition, so 
William wants to change military dress to find a convenient 
resting-place for his poor left hand and arm, which, being 
about six inches shorter than the right, would attach to a 
belt unostentatiously. But, alas ! the majority of officers feign 
to regard those re-occuring proposals as manoeuvres of mer- 
cenary army contractors, and treat them with fine scorn, 
so that William, unwilling to own his secret reason for the 
innovation sought for, must go without relief. ... As al- 
ready intimated, the fingers of the crippled hand are mov- 
able, for. although the head of the radius of the forearm 
does not set properly into the condyles of the humerus, the 
limb is not altogether inert. 

It would seem that the Kaiser's useless arm were 
partly the fault of the court physicians, who were 
present at his birth, but, according to this truly inti- 
mate narrative, they were then so much concerned for 
his very life that a lesser member was overlooked. 
In short, the prince, at birth, refused to cry, and the 
case was desperate. The royal physicians fussed and 
fumed. Then the old German hebamme took things 
in hand, and pounded the princely babe into vociferous 

After this, it is not at all surprising to learn that 
William was born " a la bourgeois, and quite economi- 

From the account of the Kaiser's nativity, the 
chronicler leaps at once to a consideration of his acts 
after he ascended to the throne. It is contended that 
from the first the emperor was a victim of megalo- 
mania — egomania. His " first official acts," we are 
told, " were those of a disordered brain, unstatesman- 
like, heedless, and offensive." Again and again, the 
parallel is drawn between the Kaiser and the Mad 
Ludwig, and other kingly maniacs : 

Another and more dangerous form of the Kaiser's ex- 
cessive vanity and egomania shows in the current prosecu- 
tions for lese majeste. For this offense, sentences amounting 
to some three hundred years of imprisonment are imposed 
by Prussian judges from January to December, and as the 
courts of the allied German states and statelets follow the 
lead, it is calculated that, on this score alone, as many years 
of imprisonment are annually meted out in the Fatherland 
as there are days in the year. Accordingly, three thousand 
five hundred years — twice the time of the Christian era, lack- 
ing a few paltry centuries — were wiped out of the lives of 
some eight to nine thousand of his subjects since William 
assumed the crown, the list of culprits embracing both sexes 
and all classes of society. And for what? In ninety-nine 
cases out of a hundred (I quote from public records) for the 
heinous crime of impeaching the Kaiser's aptitude as a com- 
poser, as a ruler, poet, diplomat, or ship-builder ; as a con- 
queror, orchestra-leader, or expounder of the Monroe doc- 
trine ; as a sportsman, as God's anointed, as a painter, strate- 
gist, novel-writer, circus-director, or lawgiver; as advocate 
of duellos, as a constitutional king, stage-manager, or abso- 
lute monarch ; as playwright, huntsman, infantryman, caval- 
ryman, familyman, or maid-of-all-work. 

Here is another incident adduced to show to what 
lengths go the Kaiser's alleged " delusion of 
grandeur" : 

His majesty sat down to dedicate a number of Bibles 

for the new Berlin garrison church, inscribing them as fol- 
lows: "I will walk among you and will be your God, and 
you shall be my people. Ye shall walk in all the ways which 
I have commanded you. Without me you can do nothing." 
He signed each sentence, " Wilhelm, Imperator Rex" and 
omitted quotation-marks, as well as book, chapter, and verse, 
by which to indicate the origin of the phrases. " They shall 
stand by themselves as expressions of my royal will," he said 
to her majesty. 

Bloodthirstiness is another attribute of the emperor, 
according to the writer: 

Some time ago the emperor was boasting that he had killed 
his fifty-thousandth head of game. " When I think of the 
number of animals in my forests," he added, " I feel like 
Frederick the Great at Kolin, when he shouted to squadrons: 
'Dogs, would ye live forever?' I hope to double and treble 
my shooting record during the next ten years. If a king 
can not go to war, he must be content with practicing in the 
forest. It keeps one in fighting trim, anyhow." 

These stories of the Kaiser's overweening vanity 
may perhaps be tinged with the author's bias, but it 
would seem that descriptions of domestic arrange- 
ments of the palace were more likely to be strictly 
veracious. Here is an interesting bit: 

His majesty's bath is an ordinary zinc tub, painted. But 
the most astonishing thing about it is its peculiar situation. 
Let those who consider themselves Fortune's graceless chil- 
dren, because their neighbor's house or carriage or wife or 
diamonds are their neighbor's, take courage in the thought 
that Germany's Kaiser, twice a king, as many times a grand 
duke, eighteen times a duke, three times a margrave, once 
a burgrave — whatever that means nowadays — twice a prince, 
nine times a count, and fifteen times a seigneur, besides 
being a bishop, bathes behind a curtain in a stuffy corridor, 
the connecting-link between his dressing-gown and the con- 
jugal bed-chamber. 

The conveniences of an empress are scarcely su- 
perior : 

" I should think myself in heaven," said my mistress some 
time ago, after reading a magazine article to the effect that 
even the bedrooms of moderately priced American apart- 
ment-houses are provided with running water, hot and cold, 
— " I should think myself in heaven if such were arranged 
for my husband's and my use. not to mention the children's, 
and I am the Kaiserin " — a Kaiserin, she might have added, 
whose revenues are sequestrated to ostentation. 

Another quotation of the same tenor : 

Her majesty being as fastidious about the girls in her room 
(when the Kaiser is present) as William is about man-ser- 
vants, she is now obliged to make her own fire in the grate 
on chilly mornings, whenever her husband is at home. What 
a parody on royal state this — the empress-queen getting up 
in her nightgown, and in the cold and damp, to light her own 
fire ! Verily, truth is stranger than fiction ! 

Other details of the Kaiser's bed-chamber are much 
too intimate for quotation in this place. Here, how- 
ever, is an interesting paragraph : 

The emperor's table de nuit, whose upper drawer at night 
is always half open, contains a loaded, self-cocking revolver. 
If one reflects how unfamiliar such displays are to women 
in Germany — they do not in the least mind sabres or guns — 
the empress's alarm at this thing of ivory, steel, and silver 
may be imagined. How often she has pleaded with William 
to discard the weapon, but the Kaiser insists upon having it 
near him. " If Alexander of Bulgaria had slept with a six- 
shooter, he might have founded a dynasty and perhaps be still 
alive," is one of his arguments. 

Though the book reveals a bias against the empress 
as it does against the emperor, the animus is not so 
marked. Still, the description of her charms is not 
exactly flattering: 

The empress is not a pretty woman : not even among 
daughters of Germany is she entitled to that distinction. 
The once-awkward girl has developed into a large fratt, 
strong-limbed, square-footed, and broad-shouldered, as we 
meet them by the hundred in the capital, or in any town in 
the Fatherland, for that matter. She has small, grayish-blue 
eyes, with light, scanty lashes and brows — sincerest flattery 
could not call them beautiful, or even pleasing, especially as, 
for some reason or other, they appear slightly swollen three 
days out of four. Her arms are beautifully modeled, and 
white as alabaster, the hands well taken care of, but too 
large, and given to puffiness. a condition which constant 
massage forestalls to some extent, but not wholly. 

Here is another passage on the personal appearance 
of the Kaiserin : 

When I first came to know the Kaiserin in the intimacy 
of her chamber, the whiteness of her skin had a fairly super- 
natural aspect, and as she stood, as was her wont to do when 
disrobed, against the blue silken curtains, forming a canopy 
over her bed, with her hair loosened, and the official property 
smile for once abandoned, she might have been taken for 
the prototype of Elsa in all but face. For Elsa doubtless 
possessed large feet, like most of her German impersonators 
on the operatic stage. That fine figure, then so universally 
admired, was indeed very far from being a product of stays 
and powder, as some ladies of the aristocracy gave out, but 
a luminous reality to which the Kaiser was strongly attached. 
During the first four or five years of her imperial life, Au- 
guste Victoria might have adopted Queen Louise's corsetless 
costume without fear of offending the most artistic eye, and 
that after nursing six children. 

The Countess Ursula does not hesitate to say that 
the Kaiserin is a trifle thick-witted, and also that her 
literary tastes are not highly developed : 

Like many of her sex. " Dona " would rather read for- 
bidden books than the sort that languish on every drawing- 
room table, but, of course, the Kaiser must know nothing 
of that. Imagine the job of keeping anything from William, 
whose bump of meddlesomeness is so abnormally developed ! 
Surely no one will blame the empress for innocently deceiv- 
ing a husband who would as lief go through her pockets as 
send a bill to the Reichstag without notifying his chancellor. 
She fools him constantly — has to do it, in order not to die of 
ennui — and does it quite cleverly, too, by finding new hiding- 
places for her Marcel Prevosts and Heinrich Lees all the time, 
but, unfortunately, her majesty is apt to forget overnight the 
exact locations of her literary treasures. 

Scarcely a more flattering view is given of Prince 
Henry, who visited us last year: 

To return to Prince Henry. He has never originated any- 
thing. A careless, unlettered youth, he spent his first years 
of manhood as riotously as his slender allowance permitted. 
To save him from himself, he was married, at the age of 
twenty-six, to his cousin Irene, an amiable woman, of do- 
mestic habits, but without an ounce of esprit. " His father." 
the late Princess of Hohenlohe once said, " was just such 
a man, but fortunately he had a wife that prodded him on, I 

and forced him to acquire knowledge, and assume at least 
a semblance of interest in literature and the fine arts." 

Many insinuations that the Kaiser is not quite a 
model husband are distributed through the volumes. 
His relations with Princess Charlotte of Weiningen 
are detailed at length, and to the anonymous-letter 
episode are devoted many pages. His harshness to 
wife and servants, his petty rages, his fretfully active 
disposition, his love for risque stories, even his epi- 
lepsy, are exploited at every turn. Not a shred of his 
talents is left to him : 

As Herren von Moltke and Phillip Eulenburg are the 
real authors of " his " " Song to jEgir," so Professor Knack- 
fuss, in Cassel, composes his cartoons, though being credited 
only with their technical execution. The late Court Chap- 
lain Frommel used to write the imperial sermons delivered 
with so much eclat on the deck of the yacht Hokencollern ; 
officers of the military household prepare William's lectures, 
and the artist Karl Saltzmann paints his landscapes and ma- 
rine views. 

It is not even admitted that the Kaiser's is a busy 
life, and Leckendorf is quoted in support of the con- 
tention : 

" Enduring fatigues, he calls it," says the count, " to be 
bathed and groomed ; breakfast ; take a canter on a horse 
previously tired out, and so tired out, and so trained as to 
give the rider not the least trouble; breakfast again; ride 
to a parade, or, while stretching on a lounge, listen to re- 
ports carefully worded so that they may be agreeable to the 
imperial digestion ; before luncheon, some pleasant conver- 
sation with officers from all parts of the country; meal di- 
versified by clever men and women, drummed together for 
the purpose of disporting their wit and retailing the latest 
gossip ; after luncheon, a cold rub-down and an hour's abso- 
lute rest in a comfortable bed ; dressed anew by smart ser- 
vants ; meal number four — coffee and cakes — a drive or 
lawn-tennis; a minister or a general makes his report; after 
dinner, theatre or reception ; finally, meal number five ; bed." 

Whatever shall be finally determined as to the 
authenticity of these volumes, they are indisputably 

Published by Fischer's Foreign Letters, New York. 

George Francis Train. 

George Francis Train died at Mills Hotel, No. 1, 
New York. Monday night, of heart disease, following 
an acute attack of nephritis. " Citizen " George Fran- 
cis Train was born in Boston on March 24, 1829. In 
1833, his mother and three sisters died of yellow fever 
at New Orleans, and he was sent north to his grand- 
mother in Waltham, Mass. He attended village school, 
and successively became farm hand, grocer boy, and 
shipping clerk. At the age of twenty he was a partner 
in a business concern, afterward establishing a branch 
office in Liverpool. Train established the firm of Train 
& Co., shipping agents, in Melbourne, Australia, in 
1853, and became a promoter of railroad building in 
Europe and America in 1858. He organized the com- 
mune in Marseilles in 1870, and was tried for insanity 
in 1872. In the same year he made an independent 
canvass for the Presidency of the United States. 
Train made four trips around the world, holding the 
record for fast traveling. He wrote several books, 
mostly of travel. He had the faculty of making 
money, but not of keeping it. Train courted noto- 
riety, and was proud of being considered a crank. 

All visitors to Paris recall Fremiet's spirited Joan 
of Arc, which closes so proudly the Rue des Pyra- 
mides. This famous equestrian statue has assumed 
an unfamiliar look; indeed, Parisians have only re- 
cently made the discovery. Joan's creator has very 
frankly owned up. Fremiet had long chafed under 
the general criticism of his masterpiece. He haunted 
the little Place de Rivoli, and eagerly listened to the 
chaffing of the crowd. Gradually the artist came to the 
conviction that the crowd was right, that the contrast 
between the slender, steel-cased girl and the clumsy 
war-horse was excessive. Fremiet began a second 
Joan. It was chance that favored the substitution. 
The digging of the subway in the Rue de Rivoli made 
it necessary to remove the old Joan to Fremiet's studio. 
The new Joan soon guarded the Rue des Pyramides. 
A mystified Paris wavers between admiration, indig- 
nation, and regret. 

In Texas, where public sentiment, the legislature, 
and the courts are antagonistic to railroads, a peculiar 
form of fraud has been brought to light. It is found 
that there is a gang of professional " victims " going 
from one railroad to another, meeting with accidents, 
and suing for damages. They travel in groups, so 
that there is never any trouble about getting witnesses. 
Texas juries are known to be friendly to the suitor 
against railroads, and so far the gang has had little 
trouble in securing verdicts for substantial sums. 
Damages secured for such accidents have increased 
from $295,000, in 1893, to $2,000,000, in 1903. 

Private E. Abraham, Company C. Marine Bat- 
talion, recently explored a part of the Panama Canal, 
on which five hundred men are supposed to be work- 
ing at all times. He says a clever Frenchman has 
devised a plan by which five hundred names are on the 
pay-roll, but that not more than one hundred work at 

a time. 


If the annual pill harvest of Detroit was strung 
on thread, like Christmas popcorn, the rope of pills 
would reach twice around the earth, with enough over 
to tie in a bowknot. Detroit produces four billion 
pills each year. 


January 25, 1904. 


Gov. Pardee, Messrs. Lummis, Keeler, Gayley, Del- 
mas, and Others, Name the Books, Read in 
1903, that Gave Them Most Pleasure. 

Governor George C. Pardee, replying to the 
Argonaut's query — What two books, that you 
read during 1003. proved most interesting and 
pleasurable? — writes : 

Your question has suddenly made me con- 
scious of the fact that, during 1903. I had 
neither time nor opportunity to read many 
books of any kind. Looking back over the 
year just passed, I find, almost to my surprise, 
that my time has been so entirely occupied in 
trying to be governor that I haven't read 
any new books, to speak of, but have con- 
tented myself with some old ones. And the 
two that I remember with most interest and 
pleasure are Haeckel's " The Riddle of the 
Universe " and Robeit Louis Stevenson's 
" Treasure Island." I almost blush for the 
combination : but " magna est Veritas, ct 

Charles F. Lummis, editor of Out West, 
and himself the author of a dozen books. 
sends the following characteristic reply : 

I w ould be last to question the right o f 
the most competent weekly west of New York 
to subpeena and cross-examine what witnesses 
it will : or to plead overwork as a privilege. 

The confession is doubtless disgraceful; but 
it is comfortable: During 1903 I read so 
few contemporary books that it would be 
manifestly indecent to mention two of them 
(somewhere near a majority) as having par- 
ticularly profited me. The Output of the 
\ ear I have not read. I Didn't Have to. 
The most unselfish of assistants has done 
penance for me in this behalf. Anything I 
could afford to read to-day will be worth my 
reading ten years from now ; anything I 
wouldn't read then. I can not afford to read 
now. For life is short. Miners and orange- 
packers use " grizzlies " to " sort " for them ; 
and they seem to me sensible. In letters, a 
decade is a remarkably efficient secretary — to 
refer the mail to waste-basket, stereotype 
answer, or " the Old Man," as it needs. 

Among contemporary books of 1903, I have 
been most interested in Lumholtz's " Un- 
known Mexico " — a friendly, tolerant book of 
things which are not " unknown " to any stu- 
dent except the author ; Mr. Hart's " Two 
Argonauts in Spain.'' which has much im- 
pressed me as the sample of what a man with 
a real mind may see in a strange and un- 
studied land ; Morley's Life of an En- 
glishman who was worth a biography because 
he differed from his kind; and in the first 
eight volumes of that fine sixty-volume work 
of Miss Blair and Mr. Robertson, " The 
Philippine Islands. 1493-1898." 

But my preferences are worthless. In the 
year, as nearly as may be figured, my reading 
has been eighty-two per cent, a re-reading 
land indexing) of books written more than 
a century ago : thirteen per cent, of books 
written by "Americans" this side of 1845; 
the rest "scattering" from 1S99 hitherward. 
Of the two hundred and thirteen books read 
between January 1 . 1 903 , and January 1 , 
1904. no less than two hundred and seven 
have given comfort to my card-catalogue of 
Things Worth Remembering — swelling it 
about one hundred cards a day. 

Of all the number, the two books which 
have most profited me during the year are 
Vcosta's superb " Historia Natural y Moral 
de las Indias " O590 edition), a model of 
style. accuracy. and scholarship among 
Americana ; and that noble Latin tome (1550) 
by the Father of Mineralogy, Georgius 
Agricola. the " De Re Mettalica." Mineralogy 
is no kin of mine: but this great book which 
is still the foundation of every well-built 
mining expert ; with its clear and learned 
text and its hundreds of precise wood-cuts 
nf the whims, hoists, pumps, mine-ventilators. 
quartz-crushers, stamp-mills, rockers, long- 
toms that were in use in 1550 and earlier — 
it is a fascinating thing, despite the refrac- 
tory nature of its post-classical Latin, for 
which neither a training in the rhetoric of 
Cicero nor the best classical dictionaries are 
sharp tools. But it is worth picking out with 
a dull pick. 

Quite aside from the superior interest of 
Discovery and of dealing with Literature as 
it was before it became an itch, there is a 
distinct privilege in not having to be cross- 
examined as to your valuable opinion upon 
Mr. Decyrus Brain send Towdy's latest 
" Fdison Record." In no other way shall you 
\cape blameless. Mr. Towdy hath readers 
to burn, without my artless aid; the men who 
made and wrote history in America when 
it was still young — and while no one wrote 
who bad nol something to say — these have 
■ rs. It is pleasant to come early 
and avoid the rush. Literature has a certain 
cenery; some prefer it by way of 
their ears, and some by way of their eyes. 
For myself, I would rather go again (for the 
1 wenty-ninth time. I think J to the Grand 
tfaan lor the first time to the Tros- 
sachs- If the span were three-score millen- 
niums and ten I would like to see the Whole 
U1 as mine will not be the thou- 
sandth of that, it is more comfortable to dally 
with the things 1 may hope some day to un- 
derstand by sufficient attrition with them. 

ssor Charles Mills Gayley, of the chair 
ni English at the University of California, 
docs not, like the Poet of the Sierras, mention 
a tine work, " Representative English 
Comedies," but briefly names E. K. 
Chambers's " History of the Mediieval Stage," 
and John Morley's " Life of Gladstone." 
Charles K* eler, poet and author, writes more 
at length : 

appears, that 1 
i 1 during 1903 

your request 
two books 1 

which have proved most interesting and pleas- 
urable. I find the question one impossible 
to answer categorically, for the simple reason 
that no two books read during the past year 
have stood out in my recqllection as more 
compelling in their interest than any others. 

Perhaps this may be due in some measure 
to the fact that I read but little current 
literature. Emerson's essay on " Books " 
seems to me the truest guide to reading that 
has ever been written. He says: "I visit 
occasionally the Cambridge Library, and I 
can seldom go there without renewing the 
conviction that the best of it all is already 
within the four walls of my study at home. 
The inspection of the catalogue brings me 
continually back to the few standard writers 
who are on every private shelf, and to these 
it can afford only the most slight and casual 
additions. The crowds and centuries of books 
are only commentary and elucidation, echoes 
and weakeners of these few great voices of 

Among the three practical rules which 
Emerson lays down, the first is : " Never read 
any book that is not a year old." 

In these feverish days when literature has 
become a commercial business instead of a 
creative art. and the art has been transferred 
to the advertising of the wares to be sold, 
the words I have quoted from Emerson seem 
peculiarly timely, and indeed the entire essay 
from which they are extracted is equally so. 

The most significant and hopeful sign in 
the literature of the past year, it seems to me. 
has been the Emerson revival due to the ob- 
servance of the hundredth anniversary of the 
poet-philosopher's birth. I may therefore 
count Emerson's works as one of the two 
books which have given most pleasure and 
inspiration during the year 1903. 

In literary criticism nothing has impressed 
me so much or seemed so sound as John Bur- 
rough's " Literary Values." If the spirit of 
this essay could be infused into our teaching 
of literature, it would work a revolution of 
far-reaching influence for good. 

A book which has seemed to me to contain 
an important and timely contribution to hu- 
man thought is George Holmes Howison's 
" The Limits of Evolution," and while the 
adjectives, interesting and pleasurable, seem 
hardly the fit ones to apply. I should perhaps 
rank this as second among the books which 
have appealed most strongly to me during the 
past year. 

I have read none of the current novels, and 
can only deplore the dissipation of the read- 
ing public of the present day. which looks for 
excitement, amusement, or sensation, rather 
than for the strength and exaltation which 
comes from all great and noble art. 

Still another letter not flattering to " the 
Output of the Year " comes from D. M. Del- 
mas, who writes : 

I would answer your question by saying 
Schiller's " History of the Revolt of the 
Netherlands " and " The Annals of Tacitus." 
I am well aware that these two books are not 
new — one of them, indeed, is very old : but 
they nevertheless are the two which, during 
the past year, have to me " proved most in- 
teresting and pleasurable." 

Mary Austin, the author of " The Land 
of Little Rain," replies that staring in a 
white hot desert sun has provoked an affec- 
tion of the eyes that forbids much reading, 
so that " to mention the interesting books 
that I have read is hardly fair to the greater 
number of interesting books I would like to 
read, but have not been able to compass." 
Mrs. Austin adds: 

However, under this limitation. I think 
I have derived most pleasure from Owen 
Wister's " Virginian," and " The Roots of the 
Mountains," by William Morris, which I have 
not been so fortunate to know until this year. 
As this happened to be my year for reading 
" Robinson Crusoe " over again. I am not sure 
that it should not bear the palm, for you un- 
derstand, when one lives three hundred miles 
from a library, publishers* dates cut very little 

The reply of Alfred J. Waterhouse, poet 
and critic, runs as follows : 

If you had asked me what one book I read 
with most interest and pleasure, the answer 
would have been ready, but the second book 

However, the one book that most pleased 
ami interested me was Jack London's " The 
Call of the Wild." It is a masterly book ; 
vivid in its coloring, virile, and potent. Once 
begun, it will be read to the end. One, having 
learned to love the mighty dog, might have 
wished that the end of the book had been 
more happy, but one realizes that both the 
harmonies and intent of the production must 
have been violated to make it so ; and so one 
accepts the inevitable and, having read, has 
added another to his list of unforgettable 

Of course, it is gratifying to pay this de- 
served tribute to the brain-child of a Cali- 
fornian. but, gratifying though it be, Mr. 
London's place of residence has nothing to do 
with my estimate of his work; if the "book 
has been written by a Hindoo or a Filipino, 
1 still should have considered it the most 
powerful of recently issued tales. 

As for the second book, during 1903 I read 
one or two of Dickens's novels, as I do dur- 
ing most years, and I am so old-fashioned as 
to consider him still the king of novelists. 
Leaving Dickens out of the case, however. 
1 think that the book that most pleased and 
interested me— after " The Call of the Wild," 
of course — was Booth Tarkington's " The 
Gentleman from Indiana," which 1 read a 
second time during 1903. It is full of sweet- 
ness and tenderness, and one feels beUcr 
after reading it ; in brief, " it leaves a good 
taste in the mouth." 

So I have attempted to answer your ques- 
tion ; yet none knows better than must the 

editors of the Argonaut how difficult is such 
an answer in a world wherein of the making 
of books there is no end. It is but once in 
a while that a book stands preeminent; as for 
the rest, we read them, like them in a placid 
way, or dislike them more vigorously, and 
speedily let them drop from our memories 
with nothing more of recognition than is in- 
volved in that like or dislike. 

Charles Fleming Embree, who has published 
a number of novels, writes : 

So far as I can decide a thing rather hard 
to decide, the two books which proved most 
interesting and pleasurable to me, read in 
1903, were Tolstoy's "What is Art?" and 
Zola's " Fecondite." 

Richard M. Tobin writes as follows : 

R. M. Tobin, in response to the polite letter 
of the editor of the Argonaut, finds, upon con- 
sideration, that the two books that he has 
read in 1903, with most interest and profit, 
are : 

(1) "Man's Place in the Universe," by 
Alfred Russell Wallace ; and (2) Morley's 
" Gladstone." 

Mr. Tobin takes the inquiry to refer to 
books of the year — new books. 

Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
It is a singular coincidence that the three 
foremost English women novelists of the day 
are the daughters of literary men. Mrs. 
Richmond Ritchie is one : " Lucas Malet." 
who is Mrs. Harrison, the daughter of Charles 
Kingsley. is another : and the third is Mrs. 
Humphry Ward, whose father was the late 
Thomas Arnold, brother of Matthew Arnold. 

According to the New York Times Satur- 
day Rez'iew, the Christmas season of 1903 
was very profitable to both the publishers 
and the retailers of books. Especially to- 
ward the close was the demand of the book- 
sellers on the publishers for supplies to meet 
their orders exceedingly heavy.. 

A work on a curious theme, recently pub- 
lished in Vienna, is " Kiinstliche Hohlen aus 
Alter Zeit." by Father Lambert Karner, a 
Benedictine monk. The " Ancient Artificial 
Caverns," of which the book treats, are rather 
numerous in Central Europe. They are nar- 
row, sloping, winding, not used for burial 
of bodies or as human habitations, and are 
certainly very ancient. Why they were con- 
structed is unknown. Professor Pauzer 
and others think that they had to do with 
some ancient forms of worship and speak 
of the cult of the earth-mother. 

Margaret Sherwood, whose " The Story of 
King Sylvain and Queen Aimee" and 
" Daphne " are idyls of uncommonly poetic 
quality. is the professor of English at 


Occasionally one finds a man reckless be- 
yond his fellows. Such a man is Dr. Ely 
Van der Warker, commissioner of schools in 
Syracuse, and a physician by profession. He 
is to publish through the Grafton Press a 
book entitled " Woman's Unfitness for 
Higher Co- Education." and already there is 
a sharpening of spears in feminine camps. 

Doubleday. Page & Co. report a business 
transaction unique in their experience. A 
literary citizen of Bettles. on the Koyukuk 
River, in Alaska, sent the firm an order for 
a shipment of books, and forwarded a little 
canvass bag of gold-dust as payment for the 

Charles Wagner, author of " The Simple 
Life " and " The Better Way," is coming to 
America to lecture, and is now busy perfect- 
ing his English for that purpose. 

"When the hounds of spring are on winter's 
traces " begins a poem by Swinburne. " In 
the Night," a poem by O. C. Auringer, in the 
January Critic, begins "The Hounds of win- 
ter are out on the track of the year." Turn 
about is fair play, indisputably. 

About nine hundred thousand of Kate 
Douglas Wiggin's various books have been 
sold. The publishers say that out of one 
hundred and seventy-five reviews of " Re- 
becca," " hardly a single unfavorable notice 
was to be found." 

By a singular coincidence, two works have 
appeared in Paris, nearly at the same time, 
on the subject of poisonings, and Sardou's 
play. " l.a Sorciere," has but recently been 
produced. The books on poisons are 
" Poisons et Sortileges," of Drs. Cabanes and 
L. Mass, with the sub-title, "' Les Medicis ; les 
Bourbons ; la Science au joe Siecle " and 
Dr. A. Masson's " La Sorcellerie et la Science 
des Poisons au 17c Steele." 

Students of Rabelais now have their quar- 
terly. Revue des Etudes Rabelaisiennes, 
of winch the first number was published in 
July, reporting the sessions for June of the 
Socicte des Etudes Rabelaisiennes. which is 
responsible for the magazine. Besides the 
constitution and list of two hundred and fifty 
members, there are articles on certain points 
in the history of Rabelais, his language, al- 
lusions, etc. It is interesting to note that 
there was an old Societe des Amis et Admi- 
rateurs de Rabelais that existed from 1S86 
to 1892, and had annual sessions at Tours. 
It then failed on account of the death of its 
chief founders. 

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Reviewed in the Argonaut can be 
obtained at 


126 Post Street 


Two Argonauts in Spain 


Payot, Uphaiu & Co., Publishers. Two 
hundred and seventy pages and Index. Six- 
teen full-page half-tone plates ; illustrations 
and facsimiles in the text; colored map of 
Spain. Cloth binding, with stamp on side 
in two colors and gold. Bound in boards 
with full gold stamp on side. Gilt top. 

Price to Argonaut subscribers, SI. 50; by 
mail, $1.68. Address 


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January 25, 1904. 




Some Poets and Poetasters of the West. 

A clear conception of the nature of the 
nebular hypothesis, a thorough knowledge of 
modern scientific theories regarding the in- 
destructibility of matter, some inkling of the 
deduction astronomers draw from the retar- 
dation of Biela's comet and allied phe- 
nomena, some hint of Nietzsche's theory of 
cycles, a fair familiarity with astronomy in 
general, and a dash of Spencerian phi- 
losophy, will prove a highly desirable, if not 
necessary, equipment to all who venture 
George Sterling's " The Testimony of the 
Suns" (W. E. Wood, San Francisco). But 
it is nevertheless a poem — a noble poem — 
lofty in its conception, in expression severely 
beautiful. The lines are full, sonorous ; the 
sense of power in reserve is keen and con- 
stant ; from phase to phase and theme to 
theme, the poem moves with dignity, even 
with grandeur. 

It can hardly be said that the ideas ex- 
pressed in " The Testimony of the Suns " are 
new. Rather has Mr. Sterling transmuted 
into high poetry' the common prose of 
philosopher and scientist. He puts again , 
in the light of all that science has taught, the 
world-old questions, "Whence?" "Whither?" 
and " Why?" He perceives that while to 
Time the stars are fixed and " remote in 
solitudes of rest." to Eternity the stars and 
suns are waging an unceasing war of attrac- 
tion and repulsion. Suns are born ; they die. 
All is flux and change. The earth cools. 
Earth-creatures pass away. Yet that is not 
the end. for all begins again anew : 

"Without beginning, aim, or end; 
Supreme, incessant, unbegot; 
The systems change, but goal is not. 
Where the infinities attend. 

" Deem ye their armaments confess 
A source of mutable desire? 
Think ye He mailed His thought in fire 
And called from night and nothingness 

" And armed for Time their high array? 
Dreamed ye Infinity was bent 
Upon a whim, a drama spent 
Within an instant of His day? 

" Think ye He broke His dream indeed, 
And rent His deep with fearful Pow'rs, 
That Man inherit fadeless bow'rs? 
Since He desires, He knows a need. 

" Nay! stable His Infinity, 
Beyond mutation or desire. 
The visions pass. The worlds expire, 
Unfathomed still their mystery. 

" So hath He dreamt. So stands His night, 
Wherein the suns abiding range. 
Dust of the dynasties of change, 

And altars of eternal light. 

Thus ends the first part of the poem, and 
the second part (the whole, by the way. runs 
to nearly two hundred stanzas) records the 
testimony of the suns that neither for the 
individual nor for the race is there eternal 

" What farce were that in which the soul 
Were summoned to celestial peace. 
And, ere her jubilation cease. 
Dismissed to her ancestral goal ? 

" Tn what emergency concealed 

Ahides the realm we seek to share 
Which to all antecedent pray'r 
Eternity hath not revealed?" 

And the conclusion is reached that man 
may only dream of personal immortality — 
may dream in futility eternal : 

" So dreamt thy sons on worlds destroyed 
Whose dust allures our careless eyes, 
As, lit at last on alien skies, 
The meteor melts athwart the void. 

*' So shall thy seed on worlds to be. 
At altars built to suns afar. 
Crave from the silence of the star 
Solution of thj* mystery; 

" And crave unanswered, till, denied 
By cosmic gloom and stellar glare, 
The brains are dust that bore the pray'r, 
And dust the yearning lips that cried." 

Of other poems in Mr. Sterling's book, 
not so much praise — though still praise — 
can be given as to the title-poem. There is 
a tendency to diffuseness, to indefiniteness. 
Such poems as " Memorial Day " display a 
bent toward argumentativeness that here, 
at least, is serious fault. Far happier is 
the poet with concrete ideas, tersely ex- 
pressed. A sonnet will illustrate: 


Methought in dream I saw Ulysses bold — 

Lured by strange music to the hidden West — 
Pass onward in that memorable quest 

Of islands where the demigods of old 

Ucyond the portals of Elysium hold 

The twilight and the threnodies of rest. 
Great gleamed the sunset upon ocean's breast 

And all those urgent oars cast up its gold. 

Hushed arc the voices of the mythic dales 
And lost the days whose dawn and eve of yore 

Held yet a mystery whose kindly veils 
Eell as a radiance on sea and shore, 
Whose eastward moons and suns departing 

A glory unto far, intrepid sails. 

" The Testimony of the Suns " is, of 
course, not a great poem : but it has in- 
dubitable power. We fancy that its author is 
too austere, too aloof and remote, too philo- 
sophic, ever to strike chords which will echo 
in the hearts of The Many. His work 

rather arouses admiration than kindles affec- 
tion ; he carries the intellectual citadel by 
storm rather than the heart by gracious arts. 

Far different is it with the poems of Ella 
Higginson. Here is a true lyric poet. In 
" In the Voice of April-Land " (Macmillans, 
New York), she sings us very sweetly and 
blithely (save here and there the minor 
note) of wind-blown hair, silver bird-notes, 
slender brooks that go a-singing by ; of blue 
and golden morns; of velvet moss about the 
trees ; of the path of gold on tne aeep blue 
water; of the wood that was pink with roses. 
Filled with such sweet imagery of nature are 
these gentle lyrics, and here and there among 
them is struck the note of simple, common, 
human tragedy — the maid forsaken, the wife 
bereaved, love grown cold. Most are essen- 
tially voiced moods. And all show the surer 
and maturer hand. Only one poem stands 
apart, like some pale, holy, and celestial maid 
among the rosy damsels of a countryside. 
That poem is " The Wayfarer " — in rhythm 
and spirit recalling Rossetti. We have space 
to quote only a part of it: 


I met her in a dim sweet wood. 
She reached her lilted arms to me: 

Her eyes were like the stars that shine 
Tn a full midnight sea. 

Her unbound hair held flecks of gold, 

Like sunlight trembling thro' the leaves; 
Her voice was like the wind that steals 

Among the ripened sheaves. 

Her breast was whiter than the snow 

New-fallen on some mountain height 
Where only snows on white snows fall, 
Silently day and night. 

Her garment was of pearly stuff 
That fell about her thin and straight. 

So thin her lovely limbs shone through, 
Soft, round, and delicate. 

Her waist was circled, girdle-wise. 

With creamy lilies, yellow-tipped; 
Her breath was as sweet as wall-flowers, 

And she was delicious-lipped. 

" I am that fair Desire," said she, 

" Whom, soon or late, each man must 

meet " 
(She reached her lilied arms to me); 
" Kiss me, my lips are sweet." 

1 kissed her not; I spoke no word; 

The night was soft, the hour was late; 
A maid so chaste and perfect must 

Be kept inviolate. 

" Kiss me, my lips are very sweet" . . . 

1 trembled, but I spoke no word. 
" My arms are warm "... I turned away, 

As if 1 had not heard. 

" My breath is sweeter than clove-pinks; 
And if a kiss be long," she said — 
1 waited then to hear no more, 
But thro' the forest fled. 

Horace M. Du Bose's " The Planting of 
the Cross " (Whitaker & Ray, San Fran- 
cisco) is a little book of six parts in blank 
verse, narrating some of the incidents in the 
history of early California. The story of 
Concepcion de Arguello. immortalized by 
Bret Harte, is here retold, and other titles 
are " Padre Serra." " El Carmelo," " The 
House Dolores," etc. A short quotation will 
perhaps suffice : 

" Arcadian meadows girt the walls about 
And rolled away beneath idyllic shades 
Of century oaks and elms where night and day 
Cicades trilled the note of peace. There winds. 
Moist from the waves, grew whist and fed the 

Of vine and herb and dressed from spring to 

The smiling turf with green. Abundance came 
With years; harvest and vintage brought re- 
With flocks, as Laban's multiplied — sheep, kine, 
And horses bred from Andalusian stalls, 
Known over seas for grace of limb and 

strength — 
And, filling first the mission pounds, escaped 
And roamed the wilds, whence sprang the 

maverick herds 
That browsed our grassy plains in pastoral 

Another book of verse made especially at- 
tractive by tasteful binding, fine paper, and 
handsome type, is John G. Jury's " Omar and 
Fitzgerald " (Whitaker & Ray, San Fran- 
cisco). We regret to note that Mr. Jury 
rhymes " Pelee " with " uncertainly," and 
some other lines are rather unfortunate. For 

" Strong oaks drip tears upon the sod," 
is a line calculated to awake emotions the 
reverse of mournful, and it is rather surpris- 
ing, after reading these serious lines on 
"" Hagar " — 

" Forsaken in the wilderness! 

Mourn Heart for banished Hagar's woe, 
And answer why Sin, merciless, 

Deals Innocence the heavier blow " — 

to turn the leaf and fall upon these remarks 
about no less a Biblical worthy than Joshua : 

" Didst thou write that Fake infernal, 

About the sun in Gibeon ? — 

The moon in vales of Ajalon? 

If printing were in vogue, 

Bold and designing rogue. 

Thou wouldst have owned a yellow journal!"' 

The " chef d'eeuvre " (we think that is here 
the proper expression) of " The Hermit's 
Home " (Whitaker & Ray, San Francisco) is 

" The Hermit's Home " itself, consisting of 
one hundred and eight closely printed pages 
of blank verse. Then comes " Yosemite," and 
finally a drama in three acts, entitled " Grover 
the First" — "written in 1894: revised." But 
what we think our readers will like best to 
peruse of J. Vinton Webster's are the first 
two stanzas of " The Lover's Farewell." Here 
are the touching lines : 

" Leona, harsh Leona, how 

I loved thee, tongue can never tell. 
Leona, harsh Leona, now 
With bitterness I say farewell. 

The hope of all my early years, 

Has turned to wormwood and gall, — 

I go, but shall restrain my tears. 

And no return shall meet your call." 

We are happy to state that the injured lover 
succeeded in restraining those tears, even 
unto the end of the twenty-first stanza. 

New Publications. 
" Following the Frontier," by Roger Pocock. 
Published by McClure, Phillips & Co., New 
York ; $1.50. 

" Katharine Frensham," by Beatrice Har- 
raden. Published by Dodd, Mead & Co., New 
York; $1.50. 

" The Beatrice Book," by Ralph Harold 
Bretherton. Published by John Lane, New 
York ; $1.20 net. 

" Petronilla Heroven : A Novel," by U. L. 
Silberrad. Published by Doubleday, Page & 
Co.. New York; $1.50. 

" A Daughter of the Rich," by M. E. Wal- 
ler. Illustrated. Published by Little. Brown 
& Co., Boston; $1.50. 

"■ The Art of the Pitti Palace," by Julia de 
W. Addison. Illustrated. Published by L. 
C. Page & Co., Boston. 

" The Laws and Principles of Bridge," by 
" Badsworth." Published by G. P. Putnam's 
Sons. New York; $1.40 net. 

" Builders of the Beautiful." by H. L. 
Piner. Published by the Funk & Wagnalls 
Company, New York; $1.50. 

" Cherry," by Booth Tarkington. Illustrated 
in color by A. I. Kellar. Published by Harper 
& Brothers, New York; $1.25. 

"■ The Mutineers," by Eustace L. Williams. 
Illustrated. Published by the Lothrop Pub- 
lishing Company. Boston: $1.00 net. 

"Stella Fregelius: A Tale of Three Des- 
tinies." by H. Rider Haggard. Published by 
Longmans, Green & Co., New York; $1.50. 

" How George Rogers Clark Won the 
Northwest," by Reuben Gold Thwaites. Il- 
lustrated. Published by A. C. McClurg & 
Co., Chicago. 

" Technique of Musical Expression : A 
Text-Book for Singers," by Albert Gerard- 
Thiers. Published by the Theodore Rebla 
Company, New York; $1.00. 

" The Administration of Iowa : A Study 
in Centralization," by Harold Martin Bow- 
man, LL. B„ Ph. D. Published by the Co- 
lumbia University Press : The Macmillan 
Company, agents, New York; $1.50. 


Opinions of the Press. 

Cleveland Plain Dealer: 
" Two Argonauts in Spain," by Jerome 
Hart, is a collection of letters sent home by 
the author to the San Francisco Argonaut, 
when traveling in Spain with a companion. 
The author modestly admits that these pen- 
sketches, " taken on the wing, may not be very 
valuable," but claims that they " are not 
wholly valueless," being not unlike the snap- 
shot photos which accompany them, " for the 
snapshots are not art, and the pen-sketches 
are not literature, but both may interest." 
They certainly will, for the sketches are 
written in lively Americanese, and the snap- 
shot photos are not the stock Spanish views. 

Buffalo Evening News: 
" Two Argonauts in Spain " is a welcome 
addition to a descriptive literature that has 
received a new interest since our war with the 
ancient monarchy, once the most powerful in 
the world, and now among the feeblest of 
great nations. It is the fruit of a flying trip 
through Spain, The volume is every way 

San Diego Union: 
Jerome Hart, editor of the San Francisco 
Argonaut, has produced a handsome and en- 
tertaining book in his " Two Argonauts in 
Spain." It may be said to be an extremely 
original work, although there are times when 
the reader is reminded of De Mille in his 
" Dodge Club." 

Payot, Upham & Co., publishers, San Fran- 

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January 25, 1904. 


There seem to he symptoms of a growing 
coherence in comic opera. " Dolly Varden " 
is legitimate comedy set to music, and " When 
Johnny Comes Marching Home " is almost a 
play with a few farcical trimmings, plus a 
musical setting. It is. as its popularity has 
caused every one to know by this time, a mili- 
t;.ry piece, dating from the time of the Civil 
War. and with the action located on Southern 
ground. Strange to say, the piece actually 
has atmosphere. There are soldiers in mili- 
tary blue, with gilt trimmings. Southern belles 
in expansive crinolines, slaves chanting their 
wild, sweet, plantation songs, and a middle- 
aged courtship. They always have middle- 
aged courtships in Southern novels; there is 
evidently something in the climate that pre- 
vents love's young dream from growing 

The company play and sing in this piece 
con amove. There is so much freshness and 
wholesomeness in the situations, as compared 
with the general run of what we see in these 
light, musical pieces, with their interminable 
princesses feeling it incumbent upon them- 
selves to appear in tights, and with quan- 
tities of short-skirted beauties kicking their 
heels and ogling the funny man. As shows, 
they are almost invariably pretty, amusing, 
tuneful, but frightfully stereotyped. Stanislaus 
Stange and Julian Edwardes, who are 
unitedly responsible for " When Johnny 
Comes Marching Home." have discovered 
nothing new. but they have had the happy 
idea of putting purely American scenes, sen- 
timents, and situations into comic opera, and 
utilizing old war songs and darkey ditties 
to so cunningly blend with the newer melodies 
as to provide a degree of novelty even while 
the senses are thrilled with the old familiar 
charm. There is quite a perceptible propor- 
tion of earnestness in the plot, but it is amply 
balanced by the comedy end. which Ferris 
Hartman holds up very well, although he has 
several dozen rivals in the crinolines of the 
ladies, which dispute with him the palm for 
most successfuly exciting amusement in the 

The first scene is as quaint, pretty, and old- 
fashioned as possible. It represents an ex- 
temporized ball-room — so