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Richmond, Va. 


A RECORD of the editor's branch of the Armistead family- 
was begun in the summer of 1903, at the request of an 
elder brother, who came to Virginia for the purpose of 
collecting family data for his large family living in distant South- 
ern States. Airs. Sallie Nelson Robins, of the Virginia Historical 
Society, started the ball in motion when preparing his paper to 
join the Virginia Sons of the American Revolution. From this, 
the work has grown till the editor sends ''The Armistead Family'' 
to press, in sheer desperation at the endless chain she has started ; 
powerless to gather up the broken links that seem to spring up 
like dragon's teeth in her path. She feels that an explanation is 
due, for the biographical notes, detail descriptions, and traditions 
introduced in her own line; which was written when the record 
was intended solely for her family. Therefore, she craves in- 
dulgence for this personal element. 

Dr. Lyon G. Tyler's Armistead research in the William and 
Mary Quarterly is the backbone of the work, the use of which 
has been graciously accorded the editor. She is also indebted 
to Mr. Robert G. Stanard and Mrs. Sallie Nelson Robins, of the 
Virginia Historical Society; Mr. W. S'. Appleton's .Fami'/v of 
Armistead, Bishop Meade's Ola Chiirclies and families of Vir- 
ginia, and various other authors of \ 'rgini.a his-ory herein named. 
Obtaining correct data was a wearying undertaking; some phases 
of it amusing; charming letters, were recei^/^d and friendships 
started ; sometimes, ignorance of, or indifference to knowledge of 
one's ancestry, prompted the remark "My father or grandfather 

4 Preface 

was so democratic that he paid little attention to such matters.'' 
We wonder if they know that Thomas Jefferson, that great apostle 
of democracy in Virginia, cared for "such matters." 

There is on record a letter from Thomas Jefferson to John 
Adams, his London agent, in which he directs Mr. Adams "to 
search the Herald's office 'for the arms of my family.' I have what 
I am told are the family arms, but on what authority I know not. 
It is possible there may be none. If so, I would, with your as- 
sistance, become a purchaser, having Sterne's word for it that a 
coat of arms may be purchased as cheap as any other coat." 

"What Mr. Adams found we cannot say, but thereafter upon 
the silver, china, paper of the Sage of Monticello, yea, even upon 
the fence that incloses his tomb, we find the three leopard's faces 
with the head of a talbot for its crest." 

Craving indulgence for all mistakes, we send it forth, assur- 
ing the Armistead connection that we have done our best. We 
heard it said a few days since that only two men ever lived who 
never made a mistake — Enoch and Elijah, and they were trans- 

Mrs. a. W. Garber, 
211 E. Franklin St., Richmond, Va. 


THE search for data and incidents, relating to the Armistead 
family, has necessitated a great deal of reading, besides 
literal digging into the records of various counties and 
the Land Office, disciphering old tombstones, and visiting the 
sites of old homes and original grants. The drudgery, the vi^eari- 
ness of it all, is forgotten, but the charm and romance of those 
early days linger with us, like some tender, bewitching dream, 
that we would fane keep fresh in the memory of those of the 
family, who may not have the same opportunity for the study of 
Virginia's Colonial history. 

Before considering the country, or the conditions surrounding 
the early settlers, let us glance at the influences at work in Eng- 
land, that impelled the emigration of such stalwart, brave men. 

The emigration to Virginia, at the beginning of the seven- 
teenth century, was evidently the outcome of the restless spirit 
and craving for adventure that followed in the wake of the Refor- 
mation and the introduction of printing. These twin wires electri- 
fied the world. The rebound from the lethargy of dogma burst 
forth in the wild desire for change, for broadening the horizon 
of knowledge, and enlarging fortunes. The mystic, dreamland 
stories of early sea-rovers ; later, the actual possessions of the 
Spanish crown in the Western Hemisphere, fired the heart of 
Sir Walter Raleigh, who had the bravery, daring and determi- 
nation of a sea king, and the far-reaching vision of a states- 
man. The disasters of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, the mysterious fate 
of Sir Richard Greville's settlement on Roanoke Island, paralyzed 
the hopes of that generation. The spirit of adventure, zeal of 
the missionary, and lust of gold, reached high tide at the begin- 

6 The Armistead Family 

ning of the seventeenth century. In the midst of this fever of 
unrest, Captain John Smith came back to England, a youth in 
years, just twenty-five, but a veteran in war and adventure. At 
the old Mermaid Tavern he and Bartholomew Gosnold, with other 
worthies of that day, would meet to talk over plans looking to a 
speedy fulfilment of their dream. King James at last authorized 
a voyage, and the first permanent English settlement in America 
at Jamestown was the mustard seed, from which has sprung the 
brains, energy and wealth of this vast United States of America. 
Edmund Spenser, in dedicating his Faerie Queen to Queen Eliza- 
beth, linked Virginia with her other kingdom jewels, perhaps in 
compliment to his patron and friend. Sir Walter Raleigh, or did 
his vision penetrate into the future and see the marvelous pos- 
sibilites of this wonderland of the west? Aye, it was a very 
wonderland — "the Western paradise" so long dreamed of — to 
those pioneers, who, after an uncertain, stormy, mutinous voyage, 
landed first at Cape Henry, and next at the Indian town, Ke- 
coughtan, "pleasantly seated upon three acres of land, half sur- 
rounded by the great River, the other part with the Baye of the 
other river falling into the great Baye, with a little Isle, fit for 
a castle, in the mouth thereof." "It was a Good Land, most 
pleasant, sweet and wholesome," but their orders were to settle 
inland, out of the way of the much dreaded Spaniards, so they 
sailed further up the river, and "moared their shippes" at James- 

From that time on, stalwart Englishmen literally hewed their 
way through dissensions, privations, treachery, famine and mas- 
sacre, until they were firmly established in plantations or hun- 
dreds, all over Tidewater Virginia. It may be interesting to 
know, that up to 1633, each plantation or hundred was repre- 
sented by a burgess ; at that time the country was divided into 
eight shires "to be governed, as in England." In 1643 counties 
were formed. The thirteen counties, at the beginning of the Com- 
monwealth, 1652, were Elizabeth City County, York, Warwick, 
Gloucester, Lancaster, Henrico, Charles City, Isle de Wight, 
Nansemond, Lower Norfolk, Northampton, Northumberland. 

The Armistead Family 7 

Elizabeth City County was one of the eight original shires. Rapid 
changes were now taking place. Fine manor houses were being 
built instead of log houses ; cultivated fields and rich harvests 
were in evidence. "The pioneer is now a burgess, a justice, a ves- 
tryman, a councillor, who rides in his coach and four ; his land a 
valuable estate, which no creditor can claim for is it not entailed 
on his eldest son, who shall be lord of the manor after his 
father ? On the banks of the James, the York, the Rappahannock, 
flourished a brilliant, prosperous society, whose centres were Vir- 
ginia gentlemen, with their wives dispensing lordly hospitality." 

Messrs. Stan^rd, Tyler and Bruce have given to the public 
interesting and accurate facts of that time. It is plain from their 
research, that there was in Virginia, during the seventeenth cen- 
tury, a decided aristocracy; that "gentleman" had a definite mean- 
ing; one who had a right to bear arms. 

This class of Virginia gentlemen had a right to armorial 
honor from their ancestors. "Virginians were simply English 
people living in Virginia, tenacious of their rights and with a will 
and determination to defend them." 

The history of the ballot in Virginia begins with that first 
legislative assembly in Jamestown in 1619. At first every planta- 
tion was entitled to suffrage, then counties and the parishes of 
the counties ; voting was not only a right and duty, but was com- 

Rev. Hugh Jones, "Present State of Virginia in 1728," the in- 
telligent professor of mathematics in William and Mary Col- 
lege, said : "They live in the same neat manner, dress after the 
same modes, and behave themselves exactly as the gentry in Lon- 
don ; most families of any note have a coach, chariot, Berlin, or 

"The public or political character of Virginians corresponds 
with their private one ; they are haughty and jealous of their liber- 
ties, impatient of restraint, and can scarcely bear the thought of 
being controlled by any superior power. Many of them coti- 
sider the colonies as independent States, not connected with Great 
Britain, otherwise than by having the same common King, and 

8 The Armistead Family 

being bound to her with natural affection" (Burnaby's Travels 
in Virginia in 1759). 

In point of education, the Virginians, judged by the education 
prevalent in New England during the eighteenth century, were 
unquestionably better off than any other colony. The foremost 
merchant of Plymouth could not write his name. Nathaniel Mor- 
ton, secretary of the colony, could write, but his. four daughters 
could not. "Records of Virginia and Massachusetts, marriage 
bonds, deeds, wills, letters, town and county records, etc., tell no 
uncertain story in favor of Virginians." 

We are told by Hugh Jones "that planters, and even the native 
negroes, talked good English, without idiom or tone, and dis- 
coursed handsomely on most common subjects." 

J. F. D. Smyth wrote in 1773: "The first class in Virginia 
are more respectable and numerous than any other province in 
America. These, in general, have had a liberal education, possess 
enlightened understandings and a thorough knowledge of the 
world, that furnishes them with an ease and freedom of manners 
and conversation, highly to their advantage in exterior, which no 
vicissitude of fortune or place can divest them of, they being 
actually, according to my ideas, the most agreeable and best com- 
panions, friends and neighbors that need be desired. The greater 
number of them keep their carriages, and have handsome services 
of plates, but they all without exception have studs, as well as 
sets of elegant and beautiful horses." 

The Due. de Liancourt wrote that "in spite of the Virginia 
love for dissipation, the taste for reading is commoner there 
among men of the first class, than in any other part of America." 

John Davis wrote: "The higher Virginians seem to venerate 
themselves as men, and I am persuaded there was not one in the 
company who would have felt embarrassed at being admitted to 
the presence and conversation of the greatest monarch on earth. 
There is a compound of virtue and vice in every character ; no 
man was ever faultless, but whatever may be advanced against 
Virginians, their good qualities will ever out-weigh their defects, 
and when the effervescence of youth has abated, when reason as- 

The Armistead Family 9 

serts her empire, there is no man on earth who discovers more 
exahed sentiments, more contempt for baseness, more love for 
justice, more sensibility of feeling, than a Virginian." * * * 
"The N^ew Jersey man is distinguished by his provincial dialect 
and seldom enlarges his mind or transfers his attention to others ; 
the Virginian is remarkable for his colloquial happiness, loses no 
opportunity of knowledge, and delights to show his wit at the 
expense of his neighbor." (Davis, Travels in the United States) 
Charles Dexter Allen, in his interesting work, American Book- 
plates (1894), notes these differences between the South and the 
North, that the former, "to which came men of wealth and leisure, 
with cultivated tastes, bringing books and musical instruments 
■with them, retaining their connection with the far away home 
by correspondence and visits ; sending their sons to the great uni- 
versities to be educated, and to the law schools for a finishing 
course, and ordering their clothes, books and furniture and all 
the luxuries of life from England, was the first to use book plates. 
That the earliest comers to New England had a prejudice against 
coats of arms and trinkets of such like character, which their 
descendants soon forgot." 

A few years ago, when Matthew Arnold was in this country, 
he was given a dinner at Washington, at which the only Southern 
gentleman present was Randal L. Gibson, of Louisiana. Being 
asked where in this country he found the best English spoken, 
he said: "Why in Virginia, which has the old English names 
for its counties and cities, and the best English speech." 

Libraries in Colonial Virginia. 

Mr. Tyler says : "The careful examination of thousands of 
wills and inventories, enables the editor to say that books were 
not rare in Virginia, during the colony. Very few of the in- 
ventories of personal estates are without mention of them, though 
a failure to mention, is not always conclusive of their absence. 
* * * The backwoodsman in \'irginia, in the time of Charles I., 
presented no worse picture than the English gentry, as repre- 
sented by Macaulay." 

lo The Armistead Family 

The New England inventories cannot claim superiority. From 
the "Goodwins of Connecticut" we see that Ozias Goodwin had 
no books ; William Goodwin, a Bible and two books." In Went- 
worth's Genealogy "fourteen out of thirty-five Massachusetts set- 
tlers made their marks in 1639. 

"In his Colonial Times on Buzzards Bay, Mr. William Root 
Bliss shows us how illiterate the first immigrants to Plymouth 
were, and how much rubbish is collected in the Museum of Ply- 
mouth Hall in Plymouth. He shows that the first company of 
settlers, who landed at Plymouth Rock, eleven only are favorably 
known, the [rest are known unfavorably, or known only by 
name." In the Nezv York Critic, November 25, 1893. Wheeden, 
shows that the wretched education obtained by the masses in New 
England, till a very late day, was a doubtful competency to read, 
write and cipher ; the free schools were two months in winter, two 
in summer." 

Some of the libraries of the Virginia gentry, notably those 
of William Byrd, Ralph Wormeley, Richard Lee, were astonish- 
ingly rich, many of their books being great folios, expensively 
illustrated. Col. William Byrd of Westover had three thousand, 
six hundred and twenty-five volumes — history, seven hundred ; 
classics, six hundred and fifty ; entertaining, six hundred and 
fifty ; French, five hundred and fifty ; law, three hundred and fifty ; 
divinity, three hundred ; scientific, two hundred and twenty-five ; 
physics, two hundred. Two volume folios, Records of London 
Company, made at instance of the Earl of Southampton, are now 
in the Library of Congress. 

"Library of Rev. William Dunlop : Several thousand volumes 
in most, arts and sciences ; Hon. Philip Ludwell, Green Spring, 
books and library furniture appraised at £5,385. John Hood, 
a valuable library of entertaining and instructive books of the 
best editions ; George Davenport had a large collection of law 
books ; Joseph McAdams advertised in the Virginia Gazette A 
curious collection of prints and pamphlets, relating to all the trans- 
actions in Europe for years past ; two hundred prints or pictures, 
representing all persons of note in Europe. Rev. Thos. Horrocks. 
a variety of valuable books and sermons, mostly celebrated 

The Armistead Family ii 

authors. Library of John Semple, deceased ; attcirney at law, con- 
sisting- of history law and novels, etc. For sale at Jordan's Point, 
Prince George County, the personal estate of Richard Bland, the 
antiquary, including a library of valuable books. For sale at Dr. 
Alexander Jameson's, a library of books on various branches 
of literature. Rev. Charles Jeffrey Smith, New Kent, a large 
and valuable collection of books, 1771 Virginia Gazette. Library 
of Col. John Carter, of Lancaster County, classical, religious and 
miscellaneous, 1690. Library of Col. Daniel AlcCarty, of West- 
moreland County, a valuable collection on all subjects. Charles 
Dexter Allen says : "There is more evidence of refinement pre- 
served in Virginia, by means of tombstones, book-plates, records 
of libraries, than in any other of the colonies. Williamsburg was 
the first Colonial town to have a theatre (1716) and the first to 
have an asylum for the insane. Travelers were witness to the 
cultivation and numbers of first-class men in Virginia." 

"The small land holders, ot second-class in the social scale, an- 
swered to the English yeoman ; they lived in harmony with the 
aristocrats, as they may be called, having mutual regard and re- 
spect for each other. They stood shoulder to shoulder in the 
Revolution as neighbors, were associated and worked together 
for aims as dear to one class as to the other. They maintained 
a pride that lays at the foundation of true manhood." Mr. Tyler 
says there was no distinct line between the first and second class 
in \'irginia; in public and in politics, they met on a plane of 

Henry A. Wise said in Congress : "Wherever black slavery 
exists there is found at least, equality among the white popula- 

Now as to cultivation and education, in Virginia in Colonial 
Days, Air. Tyler quotes Mr. Jefferson as saying: "That the mass 
of education in Virginia, before the Revolution, placed her with 
the foremost of her sister colonies." 

"Of the truth of Mr. Jefferson's remark there can be no doubt, 
after instituting a comparison with Massachusetts, who is gen- 
erally admitted to have been the most enlightened of Virginia's 

12 The Armistead Family 

Northern sisters. To both these colonies came very nearly the 
same elements of society in England. That Massachusetts had 
quite her share of disreputable characters, is apparent from the 
words of Rev. John White, one of the most active colonizers of 
Massachusetts, who, writing to John Winthrop, ?aid that "the very 
scum of the earth was sent to New England." "It is well known 
that the climate of Eastern Virginia was most deadly to the new 
comers from England. In 1671, when negro laborers were be- 
ginning to be preferred. Sir William Berkeley reported that four 
out of five white servants had hitherto succumbed to the inroads of 
disease." The class of servants who survived were undoubtedly 
tiiose who sufifered the least exposure — that is to say, the better 
class. Among these were many political refugee* of family and 
education. It must not be forgotten that the word "servant" 
v/as in the seventeenth century, a much wider term than now; 
everybody in the employment of another was called "servant." 
Wards, secretaries, apprentices, etc., were "servants." 

Mr, Bruce says : "The descent from convicts is a silly fable ! 
tliat those best acquainted with Virginia records and genealogy 
have never found a family of such descent." 

What is certain is, that life in Virginia, at that time was an 
ideal life, simple, wholesome and happy. "The planter in his 
manor house, surrounded by his family and retainers, was a 
feudal patriarch mildly ruling everybody ; drank wholesome wine, 
sherry or canary, of his own importation ; entertained every one ; 
held great festivities at Christmas, with huge log fires in the 
great fireplaces, around which the family clan gathered, and every- 
body high and low was happy. It was the life of the family, not 
of the great world, and produced that intense attachment for the 
soil, which has become proverbial ; what passed in Europe was 
not known for months, but the fact did not seem to detract from 
the general contentment. Journeys were made on horseback or 
in coaches, and men were deliberate in their work or pleasures. 
But if not so rapid, life was more satisfactory. The plantation 
produced everything and was a little community sufficient for 
itself. There was food in profusion ; wool was woven into cloth- 

The Armistead P^amily 13 

ing, shoes made, and blacksmithing performed by retainers on 
the estate. Such luxuries as were desired, books, wines, silk and 
laces, were brought from London to the planter's wharf, in ex- 
change for tobacco, and he was content to pay well for all, if he 
could thereby escape living in towns." 

During the winter large numbers of the planters went to Wil- 
liamsburg to live, the vice regal capital, and here were held grand 
assemblies at the Raleigh Tavern, or the old Capitol, where the 
beaux and belles of the time, in finest silks and laces, danced and 
feasted. Or the theatre drew them, for the "Virginia Company 
of Comedians" had come over in the ship "Charming Sally," and 
acted Shakespeare and Congreve for the amusement of the care- 
less old society." 

If this state of things nurtured pride and the sentiment of 
self importance, many virtues were the result ; honor, cordiality 
of manner, and abounding hospitality. The planter may have 
been a Nabob, but he was also a kind neighbor and warm friend. 
He was brave, honest, and spoke the truth ; and under his foibles 
lay a broad manliness of nature, which gave him influence as an 
individual and a citizen." 

Mr. Davis in his Ancient Landmarks of Plymouth, Mass., says 
"that in the year 1793. a project to establish a school for girls 
was opposed because it might teach wives how to correct their 
husband's errors in spelling." 

Note. — If any deed is recorded or discovered during Colonial 
times, without "Esquire" added to the surnames, it may be certain 
such families or surnames did not belong to families bearing coat- 
armor. "Esquire" means nothing now, in England or America, 
but it did mean much then when it was written "Armiger" be- 
fore the Revolution. This "Armiger" descended from father to 
son, and carried rank with it, and in which case it involved the 
possession of coat armor. If on any tombstone, old deed, or old 
English charts, we find "Armiger." (or gentleman) attached to 
the name, it is certain that they bore arms as "Knights," the first 
rank which could claim any armor. "Esquire" did not depend on 
wealth, yet those who held it were considered more educated. We 
adopted this rule generally in our searching. E. C. M. 

14 The Armistead Family 

Education in Colonial Virginia. 

The following is copied from William and Mary Quarterly, 
Vol. VI., No. 2. Beverley, who wrote in 1705, says: "There are 
large tracts of land, houses, and other things granted to fre© 
schools for the education of children in many parts of this country, 
and some of these are so large, that of themselves, they are a 
handsome maintenance, to a master. These schools have been 
founded by legacies of well inclined gentlemen, and the manage- 
ment of them hath commonly been left to the direction of the 
county court, or the vestry of their respective parishes." 

"As early as 1617, King James had issued his letters patent, 
through the Kingdom for collecting funds for a college at Henrico 
in Virginia, and almost contemporaneously, money was raised 
for a school at City Point (then called Charles City), which was 
named the East India School, in honor of its first benefactors. 
The question of the Henrico College received discussion in 1619 
in the assembly in Jamestown, the first ever convened on this 
continent. But though the college and school were rapidly pushed, 
and a rector for the college, a master and usher for the school, 
and a manager for the college lands, and tenants were selected, 
and all but the Rector, sent over to the colony; the Indian mas- 
sacre of 1622, by destroying at a blow, three hundred and fifty 
persons in the settlement, effectually crushed both the college and 
the school." 

Private persons took up the design of a free school and some 
years after the massacre, Edward Palmer, of London, in his 
will (1624) left "all his lands in Virginia and New England, 
for the foundinge and maintenance of a University and such 
schools in Virginia as shall then be erected" * * * 

A better fortune attended a few years later, the benefaction of 
a resident of the colony. Four years before John Harvard be- 
queathed his estate to the college near Boston, Benjamin Syms, 
of Virginia, left the first legacy by a (resident of the American 
Plantations, for the promotion of education. By his will made 
February 12, 1634-35, he gave two hundred acres on the Poquo- 

/ The Araiistead Family i5 

^on, a small river, which enters the Chesapeake Bay a mile or 
less below the mouth of York Rive^r. with the milk and increase 
of eight cows, for the education and instruction of the children 
of the adjoining parishes of Elizabeth City and Kiquotan. Syms 
was evidently an Honest religious, and childless planter." The 
Virginia Assembly, in 1642-43 gave a solemn sanction to Syms, 
^vill * * * In 1647, an early writer says: "We have a free 
school with two hundred acres of land, a fine house upon it, with 
forty milch kine, and other accommodations." 

This school was soon followed by another, Thomas Eaton's 
gift of two hundred and fifty acres "at the head of Back River." 
Both schools were undoubtedly in operation at the time when 
Berkeley made his much quoted remark about free schools in 
Virginia. 'T thank God there are no free schools and printing 
which I hope we shall not have these hundred years!" 

Facts prove that Berkeley did not mean that there were no 
free schools (gratuitous), as is now meant by the term Free." 
Free school, then meant a school afifording a liberal education. 
He had in mind such schools as Eton or Harrow, or the colleges 
at the universities in England. This supposition is confirmed by 
the fact that eleven years before (in 1660), the Colonial Assembly 
had passed an act for the founding of "a college and free schoole" 
to which object Berkeley, the Council, and members of the Gen- 
eral Assembly, all subscribed. The instruction of the Assembly 
to Dr. James Blair read: "That you shall endeavor to procure 
firom their majesties, an ample charter for a Free Schoole and 
colledge, wherein shall be taught the Latin, Greek and Hebrew 
tongues, together with Phylosophy, Mathematicks, and Divinity ; 
and in order to this, you shall make it your bisiness to peruse ye 
best Charters in England, where by Free schools and Colleges 
have been founded" * * * 

In I724, twenty-nine out of forty-five parishes, reported as to 
public schools. In six out of the twenty-nine, were public schools. 
Scattered all over the colony were schools of fair standing, an-.I 
in many of them Latin and Greek were taught.. Tutors were en- 
gaged in private families, many of whom were ripe scholars from 

i6 The Armistead Family 

the universities of Europe. Many sons of wealthy 
sent to England for their education. 

Dr. James Blair's efforts in behalf of the "Free schoole and 
Colledge" in Virginia, met with hearty Co-operation from all 
classes of Englishmen, the Bishop of London, the Arch Bishop 
of Canterbury, and leading. merchants of London. Queen Mary 
lent a gracious ear, and at her request, even King Edward turned 
from affairs of state to listen to the appeal of his subjects in Vir- 
ginia. On the second of February, 1693, there issued under the 
sanction of the seal of the privy council, the great charter of pub- 
lic education (in the Brittish archives). 

Dr. Blair did not do things by halves. The College was the 
first corporation in America to be recognized by the royal will. 
It was the first English College to receive from the College of 
Heralds, in 1694, a coat of Arms. The college was to take rank 
in theory at least, with Oxford and Cambridge as "Their Majes- 
ties College of William and Mary." The corporation was not to be 
one, like Harvard's consisting of a "President and Tutors," but 
of a "President and Masters or Professors." The Free schoole 
and Colledge" was to consist of three schools, viz. : Crammer, 
Philosophy and Divinity. In 1729, there were six professors, 
graduates of Edinburgh, Oxford and Cambridge. At Harvard 
at that time, there was only one regular professorship. 

The influence of the College from 1729 forward, on public 
thought in Virginia, was enormous. Especially did it manifest 
its results in training that gene/ration of Virginia statesmen, that 
left so deep an impress on the history of the world." 

The efforts and acts of Virginians in furthering education, 
in the early days of the colony; cannot be too much emphasized. 
It was the catastrophe of an Indian massacre which alone pre- 
vented the founding of "The College and Free schoole" some 
fifteen years before the first steps were taken in Massachusetts. 

i:i)e ^rmisteati Jfamilp. 

The progenitor of the family in Virginia was William Armi- 
stead, of Deighton Kirk, in the west riding of Yorkshire, England. 
He was the son of Anthony Armistead and Frances Thompson, 
and was baptized August 3, 1610, in All Saints', the only church 
in the pajrish. His name, William, suggests that she, Frances, 
may have been a daughter of William Thompson (sometimes 
spelled Thomson), a lawyer living at that time in Yorkshire, one 
of whose sons, Stevens Thomson, emigrated to Virginia and was 
attorney-general. Another son, Sir William Thomson, born 1658, 
remained in England. Deighton Kirk, in the northern part of 
west riding of Yorkshire, two miles from Wetherby, five and half 
miles from Knaresbrough, is near Wetherby Grange, a seat of 
the Thompson family. Wetherby Grange is one mile from 
Wetherby. Another seat of the Thompsons is Kirby Hall, nine 
miles from Wetherby. In looking over an old history of 
Yorkshire it is interesting to note the many familiar names : 
Thornton, Ambler, Lee, Howard, Starkey, Plumer, Randolph, 
Parker, jNIallory, Savage. Thomas Savage was Archbishop of 
York, A. D. 1501, more of a courtier than prelate, had two 
palaces ; and last but not least, Washington. As there has been 
some doubt as to the home of George Washington's ancestors, 
we quote the following: 

"The mansion-house of Cave Castle is a large and noble 
structure, ornamented with a number of turrets, battlements, but- 
tresses, etc., which give it an air of magnificence. The embellish- 
ments of the interior correspond with the grandeur of the ex- 
terior. It contains many spacious and elegant apartments with 
a very valuable collection of pictures by the best masters. Among 
these is a portrait of the late celebrated general, George Wash- 
ington, the American hero, whose great-grandfather, John Wash- 


I 111-: Akmisikai) Family 

Found in an old Armistead book in a junk shop by Dr. R. A. Brock, 
genealogist and historian. He had it p'hotographed and pub- 
lished in "The Critic," the genealogical section of 
which was edited by him and Mr. Wm. G. Stanard. 

The Armistead Family 19 

ington, lived here and possessed a part of the estate, but emigrated 
from hence to America about the year 1657, and settled at Bridges 
Greek in the County of Westmoreland in Virginia, where the 
family have ever since remained." It is said there are few parts 
of England of the same extent that contain a greater number of 
noblemen's estates and gentlemen's seats than the West-riding 
of Yorkshire. It is one of the greatest manufacturing districts of 
England, the largest county, and of unusual historical interest. 

To return to the Armisteads. We learn from C. P. Keith's 
account of the Armistead family, "that Anthony Armistead, of 
Kirk Deighton, obtained a license to marry Frances Thompson, 
in the year 1608. "August 3rd, 1610, William, ye son of Anthony 
Armistead, of Kirk Deighton,'' was baptized in All Saints' Church. 
Search later discloses the fact that Anthony, the father, con- 
tinued to reside there, having other children. Assuming that 
William, the emigrant, was born the year he was baptized, he was 
twenty-five when he emigrated to Virginia, in 1635, and obtained 
large grants of land in Elizabeth City County and subsequently 
in Gloucester, which was formed from York in 1642. He died 
before 1660, as in that year in York County, Virginia Records, 
his second son, John, was heir of his elder brother, William, who 
died childless. He, William, the emigrant, married Anne, and 
had issue : 

I. William, who in a deed recorded in Elizabeth City County, 
November 20, 1695, is named as his "sonne and heire," and who 
died without issue before 1660, when John Armistead "as heyre 
and one of the Executors of Mr. Wm. Armistead, made a power 
of attorney in York Co." II. John; III. Anthony; IV. Frances. 

Were these children born in Virginia? In 1680, forty-five 
years after the. emigrant came to Virginia, John, his second son, 
is recorded as being lieutenant-colonel of horse in Gloucester ; in 
1688, was in the council; Anthony, in 1680, was captain of horse 
in Elizabeth City County, burgess in 1696- 1699. It is uncertain 
where to place Ralph Armistead, who. in 1678, patented forty- 
eight acres of land in Kingston Parish, Gloucester, for trans- 
porting one person. It would appear from the latter clause that 

20 The Armistead Family 

he was an emigrant. Might he not have been a nephew of the 
emigrant? It is stated that the emigrant's father had other chil- 
dren who remained in England. 

Mr. C. P. Keith, in his Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison, says : 
"There is a tradition that the Armisteads derive their name and 
origin from Darmstadt, Germany. The seat of the elder line 
in Virginia was called Hess. Without deciding when, or whether 
in modern times they crossed the German ocean, it is sufficient 
to say that they were Englishmen for generations before William 
Armistead came to America. The name, with varied spelling, 
frequently appearing in Yorkshire Records of the time of Queen 

Mr. George F. Tudqr Sherwood, of London, England, has 
published a very interesting partial catalogue of a collection of 
wills preserved in England, among them the title, date and proof 
of seventy Armistead wills and administrations. 

Armistead MSS. 

"In the Fairfax manuscripts sold at auction in London, Eng- 
land, June 8th, 1898, there were two lots distinguished thus: 548 
Yorkshire, thirteen Original Deeds on vellum relating to the 
families of Brerey, Fawkes, Vavasour, Armytstead, etc., and lords 
in Fuiston, Burley, York, etc., from the time of Elizabeth, with 
signatures and seals." 

In Burke's Landed Gentry, there is a pedigree of the Armis- 
tead family, of Crainage Hall ("descended from the 'Armisteads 
of Armistead', Yorkshire, who bear almost precisely the same 
arms as those on a pre-revolutionary book-plate of William Armis- 
tead, of Virginia"), beginning with Roger Armistead, of Arm- 
istead, Giggleswick, County of York, England, who • was the 
father of William A., living in 1650, whose son, Laurence A., 
born 1658, married 1682 Agnes, daughter of John Armistead, and 
died 1742. His descendent and representative. Rev. John R. 
Armistead, was living at Crainage Hall 1878. Roger Armistead, 
of Knight Stayneford, in the County of York, was one of the first 
gove^rnors of Giggleswick school. In 1553, Thomas Armistead, 

The Armistead Family 21 

son of Michael Armistead, of Shrewsburg, clerk, entered Mag- 
dalen College, Oxford, in 1677, ^S^ fifteen, took his degree and 
forfeited his fellowship by marrying in 1693. 

"574 Yorkshire (England) Twenty-eight original Deeds on 
vellum of the families of Barker, Kendall, Middleton, Armistead, 
etc., relating to lo|rds in Burley and Ottley from the time of Queen 
Elizabeth, with signatures and seals." 

From the foregoing data, it will be seen that the Virginia 
Armisteads were descended from English Armisteads. 

A few weeks ago we visited the oldest seat of the family in 
Virginia — Hesse, in Mathews County, once Gloucester — and spent 
a most interesting day, wandering over the old place and house, 
asking questions of the caretaker and listening to the old stories 
told of it. The wife of the caretaker, feeble from illness, seated 
in a large chair outside of the simple home that had been built 
for them, gave us the clue to a most interesting find, namely, that 
there were letters and figures on one of the chimneys, high up. 
At last we sighted the place and made out A. o. 1674. The 
figures were very indistinct, the upper part of the seven gone, the 
four was like half of I and then a mark at right angle to it: 
Later, the sound of a threshing machine drew us to the barn, 
where, sitting on the well we saw an intelligent faced young man 
in his working clothes (the owner of the machine, we after- 
wards learned). We enlisted his eye service in deciphering the 
letters and figures on the chimney ; did not tell him what we had 
made out. He read as we dfd, A. o. and 16, said the next figure 
looked like part of one. The testimony of two witnesses should 
establish the date of the building of Hesse. A. o. abbreviation of 
Anno 1674. The date of the building of the Burwell home. Car- 
ter's Creek, has been lately established by figures on the wall — 
1684 or 1694. This seems to have been the custom among the 
early colonists. We have a note taken from some record, "that 
John Armistead, the Councillor, was dead before 1703 ; his third 
child, William, the oldest son was born about 1665, died 171 1. 
We argue that John A., Councillor, built Hesse in 1674, and 

22 The Armistead Family 

lived there with his wife Judith, and children, who were all mair- 
ried after that date. His eldest child, Judith, married in 1688; 
second child, Elizabeth, in 1687. It was the custom for fathers 
to build a home for the eldest son when married. There is a 
record that William and Anna Lee, his wife, were not living at 
Hesse; most probably at Oak Grove on Eastmost River, where 
his tomb is still to be found : 

Here lyeth Interred 

the of William Armistead 

who departed this life the 13 day 

of June 171 1 age forty years. 

As William and Anna, his wife, had seven children and he 
died in 171 1, his father, John, in 1703, it is reasonable to sup- 
pose that William had his own home ; besides, Henry Armistead, 
second son of John, who married about 1701, certainly residing at 
Hesse, the family seat of John his fathe^r. So Hesse may have 
been built in 1674 by John, the Councillor. The date of the 
patent of 500 acres on Pianketank River (Hesse) is September, 
1659. ^^ ^ chancery suit, 1797, the Hesse estate is spoken of 
as having 3,879 acres. 

These are some of the names of the vestry of Kingston Parish, 
Gloucester County, beginning in 1677: "William Armistead, Kemp 
Plumer, Captain Thomas Smith, John Armistead, William Armi- 
stead, of Hesse, who married Maria Carter; Francis Armistead, 
Thomas Smith, Jr., Armistead Smith" (Bishop Meade). 

The house at Hesse is of brick and beautifully located on a 
wide stretch of lawn, in full view of, and just opposite the mouth 
of the Pianketank, on a clean pebbly beach. As we walked to 
the end of the lawn, over the river, we expected it to slope some- 
what; instead, it was precipitous, washed in swirls. Two large 
locust trees stood as sentinels midway between river and house, 
which has a cellar, with walls 2 feet 7^ inches thick. The first 
floor has two large rooms with four windows each, window seats 
and paneled blinds that fold back on the sid'i; v^andows rather 

24 The Armistead Family 

narrow with small panes set in heavy divisions. The mantels were 
of black marble or iron stone, a very hard marble, largely im- 
ported at that time for handsome tombstones. Each mantel had 
round pillars in relief, of iron stone supporting the shelf, the chim- 
ney-place faced with the same, the whole as solid as if lately built. 
The stairway, with hand-carved spindles and side-paneled struc- 
ture, led up to a landing over the river-front door; then up to 
the second floor, where the spindle railing continued along the 
hall. A plaster partition at the side of the stairway, has made a 
hall; originally, the stairway was in the room, making a very 
large reception hall or room. The doorways are all paneled, by 
reason of the thick walls ; this called our attention to the plaster 
partition. The second floor is the same as the first, the garret 
is hip-roofed inside, two little windows in each gable, on either 
side of the chimney. The stairway faces the landside entrance. 

We ate our lunch sitting on a buttress of a brick wall that 
evidently supported a river-front porch. From where we sat the 
level sweep of the lawn, close cropped by sheep and cows, touciied 
the sparkling river line. Visions of those early days crowded ou|r 
imagination ; the stately Judith, as the bride of the handsome 
lordly master of Corotoman. The fair Elizabeth Armistead, 
plighting her troth to that man of culture and force, Ralph 
Wormeley, of Rosegill. "Rosegill, where the Wormeleys lived in 
English state" (Bishop Meade), was situated high upon the banks 
of the Rappahannock, a few miles from Christ Church. Ralph 
Wormeley presented to this church a communion service of five 
pieces. These daughters of John Armistead must have been pos- 
sessed of great beauty or ra're qualities of manner or character, 
to have attracted two of the most conspicuous gallants of that 
time — King Carter and Ralph Wormeley, called "The greatest 
man in the colony." 

John's two sons, William and Henry, also must have been 
men of high character and loveable qualities to have won the 
love of such wives as they had — Anna Lee, the daughter of Han- 
cock Lee ; and Martha Burwell, choosing Henry Armistead in 
spite of the fierce, lordly wooing of tjie explosive Governor Nich- 

The Armistead Family 25 

olson, and the devotion of the fearless Parson, Fouace, and a host 
of others. All these visions of Colonial days vanished when our 
companion of the twelve-mile drive to Hesse, came up to inform 
us that the owner of Hesse, down at the barn, could "tell all 
about the house." His story was this : "A long time ago a Ger- 
man by the name of Hesse bought this place, and built a castle 
here, strong enough to protect him from the Indians — not that 
house, which is very old, but near to it. I can show you the old 
foundation bricks now overgrown with the sod." Which substan- 
tiates Dr. Lyon G. Tyler's information that a wing of the present 
house is lacking. The wing must have been built much later, for 
the simple lines and construction of the house are complete. We 
sat far off under the shade of locust trees that border the western 
limit of the lawn, and made the accompanying sketch. The story 
of Mr. "Hesse and his castle" rather accentuates the old Ger- 
man tradition — Hesse Cassel, Darmstadt, Germany. 

Since writing the above we have had the privilege of read- 
ing many old Armistead letters, some written from Hesse, others 
to Hesse ; one, from William Nelson, of King William, to Wil- 
liam Cocke, of Cartersville, Cumberland County, dated February, 
1798, speaks of the burning of the Hesse mansion. This was 
when the estate was leased to Mr. Vanbibber, two years after 
the death of that charming woman, Maria Carter Armistead, 
widow of William Armistead, of Hesse, who was the son of Wil- 
liam Armistead and Mary Bowles. This William being the son 
of Henry, of Hesse, and Martha Burwell. The present house at 
Hesse must have been built on the old foundation, the chimneys 

We were impressed with the beautiful English in these letters, 
and the distinct, graceful penmanship. A glimpse into "Maria 
Carter, Her Book, 1763," was fascinating; the quaint expressions 
in stately measure, the quotations from authors of that day, so 
aptly placed, and the exquisite penmanship. Hesse at that time 
was called a "gay part of the world." Her father writes to her 
January 25, 1764, "to put a deaf year to the flattering speeches 
of the world." 

26 The Armistead Family 

Evidently Maria Carter Armistead was a beauty and belle of 
that charming- old period. She married William Ajrmistead in 


We have in our possession an old book, possibly a plantation 

book, which runs from 1760 to 1780. It contains interesting en- 
tries in reference to John and Henry Armistead, Nathaniel Bur- 
well, William Byrd, John Buckner, Carter Braxton, John Car- 
ter, William Churchill, John Clayton, Hannah Churchill, John _ 
Robinson, Nath. Littleton Savage, Captain Thomas Smith, Wil- 
liam Shackleford, Edward Tab, Thomas Todd, Charles Tomkies, 
Warner Washington, Ralph Wormeley, William Nelson, Sir John 
Peyton, Mann Page, William Plummer. 

On one page is the following: 

9 yards of silk at 14/6. 
12 yards of flowered silk at 16/6. 
16 yards of sarsnet at 6/9. 

10 yards of sattain, 9/6. 

15 yards of Brocade, 10/6. 

11 Scarves at 2/ 

14 yards of Genova velvet. 

10 yards 

This unfinished memorandum wafts to us the fragrance of 
lavender and old lace. We hear the click-click of the high-heel 
slippers across the hall ; the swish of silken garments and the 
dainty maid vanishes up the broad stairway. 

There is also in this book a full account of the law suit, Price 
vs. Armistead, before "the Honorable George Wythe, Esquire, 
Judge of the High Court of Chancery," involving part of the 
fortune of the wealthy Mary Bowles, who married William Armi- 
stead, of Hesse. His son, William, married Maria Carter, who 
speaks her mind in no uncertain terms in regard to Rev. Thomas 
Price, who was the second husband of her mother-in-law. That 
the Rev. gentleman lived with his wife, Mrs. Armistead at Hesse, 
eight months after their marriage "in a very expensive manner, 

The Armistead Family 27 

having the entire command of everything in and about the house 
with at least seventeen servants" ; that when he carried his wife 
to his own home he took Mr. Armistead's chariot almost new 
that cost one hundred and ten pounds, "a great deal of most 
valuable furniture, which they absolutely appropriated and never 
returned," and four house servants whom they kept several 
months ! 

The said Maria was afterwards the mistress of Hesse and 
knew whereof she affirmed. 

The book bound in vellum is full of interest ; the penmanship, 
in lines and formation, a model of neatness. 

The following is copied from the Baltimore Sun : 

"The Armistead family is one of the oldest, as well as one of 
the most distinguished families in Virginia, as also in America, 
The name Armistead, or Armitstead, was well known in Eng- 
land, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the representatives at 
that time being spoken of as stalwart Yorkshiremen. However, 
a very old tradition, is that the family came originally from Hesse 
Darmstadt ; that they crossed the Seas with the hardy Norsemen, 
and settled in England. 

"The fact that one of the principal seats of the family was 
called Hesse, was taken as an argument in favor of this theory, 
but Dr. Lyon G. Tyler thinks the tradition unsupported by fact : 
He says : T hazard the suggestion that as Col. Jno. Armistead was 
a warm friend of Lord Culpeper, Governor of Virginia, at that 
time he might very well have given the maiden name of Lady 
Culpeper, ^Marguerita Hesse, to his plantation on the Pianke- 

"Cranage Hall, County of Chester, is the present seat of the 
Armitsteads of England." 

The following is taken from ^'Armorial Families SJiozviiig 
Anns borne by Legal Authority" : 

"Rev. John Armitstead, Master of Arts, Christ Church, Ox- 
ford, Patron and Vicar of Sandbach, of Cheshire, born ]\Iay nth, 
1829, eldest son of the late John Armitstead. Vicar of Sandbach, 
^Masters of Arts. Justice of Peace ; his wife, Susan Hester, second 

28 The Armistead Family 

daughter of Rev. R. Massie, of Coddington, County of Chester. 
He succeeded his father, as Patron of Sandbach, in 1865, and 
1877, upon the death of his cousin, Agnes Anestasia Armistead, 
to Cranage Hall. 

Livery, drab coat, crimson waistcoat ; Armorial bea,rings, 
Crest a dexter and sinister arm, embowered in armouir, each hand 
grasping a spear, erect, proper ; motto. Pro Rege ct Patria. 

He married the eldest daughter of Hon. William Henry Horn- 
by, M. P. Seat, Cranage Hall. Holmes Chapel, Co. of Chester." 

From the papers of Thomas Armistead, of Plymouth, N. C, 
the following: 

There is a prominent sculptor, Robert Armistead, in London, 
whose name appears on the magnificent memorial statue of Prince 
Albert Consort, in that city as one of the artists engaged upon 
the work. 

There is also Sir George Armistead, who represented Dundee, 
Scotland, in the British Parliament about 1888, and is I learn 
still living. He is an uncompromising liberal ; was a friend of 
Parnell, the late Irish leader, and at a dinner given by him in 
London in 1888 succeeded in bringing together in private for 
the first time in their lives, M^r. Gladstone and Mr. Parnell, wi*^h 
Messrs. John Morley, Herbert Gladstone and other members of 
Parliament to discuss a more vigorous system of opposition to 
government measures ; which was soon after adopted. He is a 
large manufacturer in Dundee and reputed to be of great wealth. 

As a woman of the Armistead family, the editor has a pardon- 
able pride in the following eulogy to the Armistead women, from 
the pen of Governor Henry A. Wise, in his Seven Decades of the 
Union. It was written in reference to Mary Armistead of the 
Anthony branch. From our knowledge of eight or ten, in the 
present and preceeding generation, the characteristics, described 
by him, are still flowing, strong, pure, and distinct, through this 
line, like the Gulf Stream, in the midst of the ocean. "The 
daughters of this (the Armistead) family have been strikingly 
remarkable for their strength of character, and beauty of person; 

The Armistead Family 29 

and the continuous line of male descendants has marked the name 
of hero after hero, on the tablets of their country's history. The 
"Star Spangled Banner" is blended with the name of Col. George 
Armistead, the defender of Fort McHenry. He was fighting the 
invader, while Francis Key was writing the anthem, "The Flag 
is Still There." His brother, Gen. Walker Armistead, won his 
laurels and lost an arm in the same brilliant battle. Two other 
brothers lost their lives in the assault upon Fort Erie ; he who 
was lately killed at Gettysburg, leading a Confederate division 
against "certain death" was the son of Gen. Walker Armistead. 
Armistead T. Mason, through his mother, and Gary and William 
Selden, through their mother, and Gen. Robert E. Lee, through 
his ancestress (great-great-grandmother, Judith Armistead), and 
President John Tyler, through his mother, Mary Armistead, 
all alike, in the maternal line, sprang from the root of the same 
family tree. * * * From all that is known and can be gathered 
from tradition, one of the prevailing causes of the greatness of 
the men of that period, was the lovely and noble character of 
the mothers of the men of that day. They were eminently strong, 
and yet pure, refined, chaste, delicate and modest. * * * 

* * * "happy he 
With such a mother ! faith in womankind 
Beats with his blood, and trust in all things high 
Comes easy to him, and though he trip and fall 
He shall not blind his soul with clay." 


John Armistead second son of the emigrant, is generally 
spoken of as "The Councillor." He was sheriff of Gloucester 
county in 1675, member of the House of Burgesses in 1685, and 
appointed to the Council in 1687. After the accession of William 
and Mary to the English throne, John Armistead, Isaac Allerton 
and Richard Lee were dropped from the Council for irefusing to 
take the oath of allegiance to the new sovereigns. In 1680, John 
Armistead was lieutenant-colonel of horse in Gloucester County 
and also one of the justices of that county. 


The Armistead Family 

The family name of Judith, whom John Armistead married, 

is uncertain, but the will of Christopher Robinson, part of which 

is herewith printed, might indicate that her name was Robinson. 

He calls Col. John Armistead "My loving brothcr-in-lazv," and 

Judith, "My Loving Sister, Mrs. Judith Armistead." 

The will of Christopher Robinson, January 27, 1692-3. * * * 
item; I give and bequeath to my loving (brother) Coll. John 
Armistead, and to my Loving Sister, Mrs. Judith Armistead to 
each of them, a Ring of Twenty Shillings value, for a remem- 
brance of me. Item : I give and bequeath to my Loving Brother, 
John Robinson to be disposed of at his discretion in Rings to 
be given to my Friends and Relations for a remembrance of me ; 
the same to be distributed to them in Cliesby in Yorkshire, where 
I was born." 

"I give and bequeath to my true Friend Mr. William Churchill, 
* * * Executors of this my last will and testament, * * * I 
hereby Ordaine and Appoynt my loving Brothcr-in-laiv, Coll. 
John Armistead," etc. 

In another record we read that Robert Beverley calls John 
Armistead brother. 

John Armistead settled in Gloucester County, where his father 
had patented a considerable quantity of land. "He was son and 
lieire" of William Armistead, late of Elizabeth City County, 
Gent. ;" he confirms to his brother, Anthony, all land on Back 
River, in said county of which his father died seised." Issue of 
John Armistead and Judith his wife: Judith, Elizabeth, Wil- 
liam and Henry. 


Second Son of William the Emigrant. 

I. Anthony^ Airmistead, Kirk Deighton, Yorkshire, England, 
married Frances Thompson, of that place. Issue: (2) William^, 
married Anne * ^-- * . Issue: (3) William^ (4) John^ (5) 
Anthony^ (6) Francis^. 

4. John^ Armistead married Judith . Issue: (5) 

Judith^ (6) Elizabeth*, (7) William*, (8) Henry*. 

The Armistead Family 31 

5. Judith^ Armistead, married Robert Carter. 

6. Elizabeth* Armistead, married, first, Ralph Wormeley, 
February 16, 1687; second, William Churchill.^ 

7. William* Armistead, married Anna Lee. 

8. Henry* Armistead, married Martha Burwell. 

5. Judith* Armistead, married Robert Carter, of Corotoman, 
Lancaster County. Her tombstone calls her the "eldest daughter 
of the Honorable John Armistead Esq., and Judith his wife. 
She departed this life the 23rd day of February Anno. 1699, in 
the year of her age and the eleventh of her marriage, hav- 
ing borne her husband five children — four daughters and a son, 
whereof Sarah and Judith died before, and are buried near her, 
Robert Carteir, of Corotoman, Lancaster County, commonly called 
"King Carter," by reason his great wealth and influence, was the 
husband of Judith Armistead, eldest daughter of John Armistead 
of Gloucester now Mathews County where his father, Willia'u 
A,, had patented a considerable quantity of land. On October 
18, 1688, the said John was sworn of the Council. By close cal- 
culation of dates, we claim that Judith Armistead and Robert 
Carter were married about 1670. Robert Carter died "possessed 
of three hundred thousand acres of land, one thousand slaves, and 
ten thousand pounds sterling. He built Christ Church, Lan- 
caster County, Virginia, which Mr. W. G. Stanard says is "the 
most perfect example of Colonial church architecture now re- 
maining in A'irginia." There are three round windows in the 
gables and twelve others which are six by fourteen feet ; the high 
pews of solid black walnut with seats running around them are 
still (1906) solid and strong. There are twenty-five pews with 
a seating capacity of twelve each, and three, which will contain 
twenty persons each ;" walls three feet thick. One of these pews 
near the altar and opposite the pulpit was for his family. In ad- 
dition to the high backs and sides, Mr. Carter had placed a rail- 
ing of brass rods with damask curtains "to prevent being gazed 
at." Tradition has it that the congregation did not enter the 


The Armistead Family 

church on Sundays until the arrival of his coach when all fol- 
lowed him. (Bishop Meade's Old Churches, etc.) 

John Carter, the father of Robert, was born in England, set- 
tled in Lancaster County in 1649, ^^^^ there in 1669, his son, 
Robert, then being only six years old. The mother of Robert Car- 
ter was Sarah Ludlow, John Carter's third wife. 

Issue of Judith Armistead and Robert Carter: (i) Sarah, 
(2) Judith, (3) Elizabeth, (4) Judith, and (5) John. 

3. Elizabeth Carter, married, first, Nathaniel Burwell. Issue: 
Lewis, who was President of the Council of Virginia. Elizabeth 
Carter Burwell married, second, Geo. Nicholas, M. D. Issue, 
among others, Robert Carter Nicholas, Treasurer of Virginia. 
He married Anne Cary. Issue, among others, Elizabeth Nichols, 
who married Edmund Randolph, United States Secretary of the 

The following from the facile pen of the editor of the Times- 
Dispatch Genealogical Column, will prove interesting to Robert 
Carter's descendants. These charming weekly contributions of 
Mrs. Sallie Nelson Robins, are bewitching bits of Colonial history 
and romance : 

"John, the emigrant, was not commonplace or inert. He came 
to Virginia and settled in upper Norfolk (now Nansemond 
County), which he represented as Burgess in 1649. He removed 
to Lancaster, and represented it in 1654. He was a vestryman 
(the most prominent men in the community always were), and 
the power of these Colonial vestries was enormous. He built a 
church where old Christ Church, in Lancaster, now stands. The 
vestry received it complete from his son, John, six months after 
the emigrant's death. 

"John Carter's estate lay upon the Rappahannock, and he, in- 
deed, chose the 'pick' of Tidewater Virginia. The house faced 
the Rappahannock where it is nine miles wide, full in sight of 
Chesapeake Bay. On one side is Carter's Greek, a veritable little 
bay itself, and on the other is Corotoman River ; so 'Corotoman,' 
this lordly estate, striking over an area of nine miles, was bounded 

The Armistead Family 33 

on three sides by salt water. What a chance for fish, crabs and 
oysters — to be sure! From this spacious mansion house a line 
of cedars stretched to the parish church, about two miles distant, 
on the 'Corotoman' land, and these cedars (thinned, of course, 
by time) may be seen to-day. In themselves they are full of sug- 
gestion of the power and lordly ideas of our early planters. 'Coro- 
toman,' builded by John Carter, passed to his oldest son, John, 
who dying early, and without issue, the estate passed from him 
to John Carter's second son, Robert. From Robert it went to 
Robert's oldest son, John, who married Elizabeth Hill, of 'Shirley.' 
John^ left 'Corotoman' to his son, Charles*, who lived there until 
the death of his mother, who had married, second, Bowler Cocke, 
and continued to live at 'Shirley.' At her death Charles* Carter 
removed to 'Shirley.' At his death he left 'Shirley' to his oldest 
son, John^, and 'Corotoman' to his second son, George. 'Coro- 
toman' was burned about this time. 

"George married Lelia Skipwith, and had Dr. George, of 
'Corotoman,' and one daughter, Polly Carter, who married Dr. 
Joseph C. Cabell. Dr. George Carter married a Miss Corbin, and 
had one daughter, Parke, who inherited 'Corotoman.' She died 
unmarried, and left 'Corotoman' to her aunt, Polly Cabell. This 
Mrs. Polly Cabell died possessed of a very large estate, and her 
will is one of the most remarkable Virginia documents. The 
'motif of her will is the ever recurrent injunction that no lawyer 
should have anything to do with any part of her estate, but by the 
perversity of fate it is said the lawyer got three-fourths of it. 

"George Carter, the last male Carter who owned 'Corotoman,' 
died before his wife, Lelia Skipwith, and she married, secondly. 
Judge St. George Tucker. He was one of the lawyers who 
directed the sale of 'Corotoman' after Mrs. Cabell's death. She 
left no issue. Mrs. Polly Carter Cabell was the last Carter to own 
this famous estate. The house evidently was never rebuilt, an out- 
house, probably a negro quarter, was there a few years ago. The 
magnificent site is now but a cornfield, and nothing in Lancaster, 
but the ragged cedars, the church and the tombs, toll of the mag- 
nificent estate of the Carters. 

34 The Armistead Family 

"There is something sad and dispiriting in the absolute ab- 
sence of those who made it from a baronial state like 'Corotoman,' 
and when we see it without a mansion and cut up into little farms 
we can but wish that it had descended to the name, and that re- 
built and well kept it still owned a Carter master. 'Shirley' went 
to the Carters with Elizabeth Hill, and it is, and has been for 
years, the seat of the eldest branch of the family. It is only one 
of many Carter mansions, however, and only one besides has 
never passed from the family — 'Sabine Hall,' in Richmond 
County. ' 

"The English ancestry of the Carters has not been positively 
defined. It is known, however, that one of the several wives of 
the first John was Anne, daughter of Cleave Carter, and it is 
most probable that she was also his cousin. The published lists 
of London marriage licenses includes one, on October 25, 161 1, 
for "John Carter of 'Stepney,' Middlesex, to Jane Cleaves of 
All Hollows Barking, widow of John Cleaves, and this John 
and Jane are possibly the parents of John Carter,^ of Corotoman.' 
This John had large ideas of the matrimonial privileges of a plan-, 
ter. He married only five times — first tO' Jane Glyn, second to 
Eleanor Eltonhead, who aforetime was the wife of William ' 
Brocas ; third, to Anne, daughter of Cleave Cairter ; she died in 
1662, and Carter was certainly married within the year; fourth to 
Sarah Ludlow, and fifth to Elizabeth Shirley, of Gloucester 
County, spinister, who survived him. 

"The first, second and fourth are buried with him. Why the 
third was not we cannot tell. 

"John Carter's will was made in 1669. The pedigree of his 
various wives is not clear, Sarah Ludlow was the daughter of 
Gabriel and Phillis Ludlow, Gabriel Ludlow was a lineal descen- 
dant of that William Ludlow, of 'Hill Deverill,' Wilts, who was 
butler to the King and member of Parliament, and who died in 

"John Carter had two children by Jane Glyn, who died early, 
and are buried beneath his tomb, ^nd another daughter, Elizabeth 
who married Nathaniel Utie. He had three sons and one dau^h- 

The Armistead Family 35 

ter presumably by Sarah Ludlow ; the daughter Sarah is buried 
with her mother in the very comprehensive Carter tomb, John, the 
eldest son by this marriage, married and had issue, but they all 
must have died early, as Robert inherited 'Corotoman,' and all the 
emoluments vouchsafed at that time to an eldest son. He repre- 
sents the ancestor of the noble army of Virginia Carters, who have 
been citizens of high standing in this and other generations, and 
his blood is commingled with almost every family in position 
and out of position in the State, John^ Carter also had a son, 
Charles who must have died early. John^ had a large fortune, 
but it was not approaching to the estate of Robert II., master of 
'Corotoman.' To read Robert Carter's will is to read a big bit of 
contemporaneous history. He was so powerful and wealthy that 
he is known as "King." There have been intimations (whether 
true or false, we cannot say) that his business methods Avere 
hard and grasping, but his magnificent tomb refutes all such 
sinister insinuations. His father, John\ built Christ Church, but 
the capacity of this church was not equal to the increasing con- 
g-regation. Lancaster County was on a boom in the time of 
Robert Carter, and he built the present beautiful and interesting 
edifice. There is nothing like it in Virginia, with its solid pews 
of black walnut, its ancient sounding board and perfect architect- 
tural proportion. The Association for the Preservation of \^ir- 
ginia Antiquities has the honor of restoring this fascinating land- 
mark. Outside the church is the tomb of Robert, the "King," the 
tomb which expla-ns who and what he was. His father's tomb 
is in the chancel. Robert's tomb deposes: 'Here lies an hon- 
orable man !" Splendid preface to 'Rector of William and Mary- 
he sustained the Institution in its most trying times.' 

" 'Possessed of ample wealth blamelessly acquired.' " 

" 'Entc-'-ing his friends kindly, he was neither a prodigal 
or a parsimonio/=; host.' " 

" 'By his wives 1° had many children, on whom he expended 
large sums of money.' '' 

" 'At length, full of honors and years, when he had performed 
all the duties of an exemplary life, he departed from this world 

■36 The Armistead Family 

on the 4th day of August,' in the sixty-ninth year of his age. The 
unhappy lament their lost comforter, the widows their lost pro- 
tector, and the orphans their lost father !' " 

Magnificent conclusions ! What more could he have done ? 

Robert- Carter, of 'Corotoman,' married, first Judith, eldest 
daughter of John Armistead, the councillor, and second, Eliza- 
beth Landon, then a widow Willis, of the noble family of Lan- 
dons. By these two marriages he had twelve children. 

His children made brilliant marriages, proving the old adage 
that money mates money. They, male and female, were the 
'catches' of the day. His oldest son, John, married Elizabeth 
Hill, heiress of 'Shirley.' He was Judith Armistead's child, as 
were Elizabeth and Judith. Elizabeth married Nathaniel Bur- 
well, and became mistress of famous 'Carter's Creek,' in Glou- 
cester County. She was the grandmother of Thomas Nelson, the 
signer. Her second marriage was to Dr. George Nicholas, and 
she was the mother of Robert Carter Nicholas, Treasurer of 
Virginia. Judith married Mann Page, and became mistress of 
'Rosewell,' the castle on the York, also in Gloucester County. Only 
a narrow creek divided the splendid homes of the sisters. To 
John^, Robert- Carter left 'Corotoman.' The children by the 
second marriage followed the example of those of the first m_ar- 
riage. To Roberf was given 'Nomini Hall,' in Westmoreland, 
and married Priscilla Bladen. 'Nomini Hall' was a splendid 
estate, and in the diary of Philip Fithian, tutor of 'Nomini Hall* 
during the life of Councillor Carter, we get a splendid idea of 
customs there. They were generous, ceremonious and brilliant. 
'Nomini Hall' is also no more. Robert^ Carter was ancestor of 
Councillor Carter, who manumitted great numbers of his slaves, 
and changed his religious faith several times. To Charles^, son 
of Robert-, and Betty Landon, Rotert gave 'Cleve,' in King 
George County. It still stands in its stately, old beauty on 
the Rappahannock River. Charles^ followirg the family habit, 
married three times ; first to Mary Walker, second Anne Byrd, 
and third Lucy Taliaferro. 

His decendants are elaborately worked out on the Carter 

The Armistead Family 37 

tree, which is open to students of genealogy at the Virginia His- 
torical Society. 

Landon settled and built 'Sabine Hall,' which is in perfect 
preservation now, in Richmond County, and is still owned by a 
descendant. It has never passed out of the family, although its 
present owner, Mr. Carter Wellford, has Carter only for a given 
name. He inherited it through his mother. 

Anne-' Carter, King Carter's daughter by his second wife, mar- 
ried Benjamin Harrison, and became mistress of 'Berkeley.' She 
was the mother of Benjamin Harrison, the signer. Her daughter, 
Anne, married William Randolph, and lived at 'Wilton.' Another 
daughter married Isham Randolph, and lived at 'Dingenness.' 
His son, Charles, was general in the Revolution. Mary^ Carter, 
another of King Carter's daughters, married George Braxton, 
and was the mother of Carter Braxton, the signer; and Lucy 
Carter, King Carter's youngest child, married Henry Fitzhugh, 
and became the mistress of 'Eagle's Nest.' At 'Shirley,' 'Rose- 
well,* 'Carter's Creek,' 'Berkeley,' 'Corotoman,' 'Nomini Hall,' 
'Cleve.' 'Eagle's Nest,' 'Sabine Hall,' reigned the children of 
Robert- Carter. Only 'Shirley' and 'Sabine Hall' are now owned 
by the family. Later the Carters owned such lordly estates as 
'Blenheim,' 'Oatlands,' and others less pretentious. 

"When Robert- Carter, commonly called 'King,' died he left 
to each of his sons magnificent plantations. I should like to ad- 
vise all who are interested in \ irginia history to read King Car- 
ter's will. He died in his sixty-third year, and the record of his 
possessions is remarkable. To his oldest son, John^, he left his- 
toric 'Corotoman,' situated so proudly on the Rappahannock, in 
Lancaster County, from whose stately elegance a magnificent 
avenue of cedars led to his own Christ Church, one of the marvels 
of Virginia ecclesiastical architecture, now standing. To his 
second son, Robert^, he left 'Nomini' and much beside. To his 
third son, Charles^ he left lands in Lancaster and Northumber- 
land, King George and Spotsylvania. Charles chose to reside in 
King George, and called his home 'Cleve.' One cannot forget 
'Cleve' if one has seen it on a soft summer's evening, standing 

^8 The Armistead Family 

in its red and mellow glory amidst its embowering trees. The 
lawn, green and vast, dips gracefully to the Rappahannock— a 
veritable rainbow of sunset hues. 'Cleve' is square, staunch and 
imposing. It contains the inevitable hall and two rooms on each 
side — probably the very best sort of architecture for our climate. 
The first master of 'Cleve' was a good and public-spirited man, 
and he represented King George in the House of Burgesses, 
i748-'64. He was born in 1707 and he died in 1764, having lived 
fifty-seven years all told— by no means a great age, yet in that 
time he had married three times. 

"He married, first, Mary Walker, when he was just twenty- 
one, and had Charles*, of Ludlow, who married Elizabeth Chis- 
well; Mary*, who married her first cousin, Charles Carter, of 
'Shirley' ; Elizabeth*, who married William Churchill, and Judith*, 
who married William Burnett Browne. In 1742, fourteen years 
after his first marriage, he married Ann Byrd, of 'Westover,' and 
had Ann*, who married, first, John Champe, and, second. Lewis 
Willis ; John*, who married Philadelphia Claiborne ; Maria*, mar- 
ried William Armistead; Sarah*, married William Thompson; 
Landon*, married, first, Mildred Willis, and, second, Mrs. Eliza 
C. Thornton ; Caroline*, married Dr. Elisha Hall. 

In 1763 Charles^' Carter married Lucy Taliaferro, and had one 
daughter, Anne Walker Carter, who married John Catlett, of 
Timber Neck. Landon* inherited 'Cleve' — another instance of 
the youngest son inheriting the home place. What a suitable 
home for these thirteen children was 'Cleve !' 

"Landon's children were, by his first wife, Mildred'^ Ann, who 
married, first, Robert Mercer, and, second, John Lewis; Lucy', 
who married General John Minor ; Robert Charles^ married Miss 
Beale; St. Leger^ married Elizabeth Lee; Eliza^ married Wil- 
liam McFarlane; Thomas^; Frances^ married Josiah Tidball ; 
Edward .Cleve'^ and Anna Marie^ Another ample brood to frisk 
over the reaches of stately 'Cleve !' St. Leger inherited the beau- 
tiful place, but unfortunately had no children, and at his death 
he bequeathed it to a nephew who lived in Mississippi. This gen- 
tleman seemed to have no reverence for ancestral things. The 

The Armistead Family 39 

place was sold, the family silver was sent to a mint and turned 
into bullion ; the portraits were scattered promiscuously, some 
serving their ignoble years as fire screens. Two portraits (groups) 
were taken to Mississippi between beds for protection, and a 
violent rain soaked the beds, and when they reached their desti- 
nation a search for the portraits revealed peeled canvases, for the 
fine old pictures were hopelessly stuck to the bedticks. I have 
heard that there is one Carter picture still at 'Cleve,' most care- 
fully preserved by Byrd Lewis, who now owns the place. The 
carelessness of Virginians about their portraits is one of the un- 
explained things. The last Byrd to own 'Westover' left the 
pictures on the walls when he sold it. 

Happily, the place was purchased by Mr. Harrison, of 'Bran- 
don,' and the pictures by him removed to that place. In the 
collection of the Robinsons, of Chelsea, a most beautiful portrait 
was used as a fire screen and scornfully called "The Governess." 
Succeeding generations did not know her name. The picture is 
so beautiful and so haughty — clad in satin and decked with orange 
blossoms — that we have decided in our own minds that it is none 
other but the portrait of Kate Spottswood, wife of Bernard 

In this collection is Dorothea Spottswood, and why should not 
this haughty and beautiful creature be Kate? Why should 
Dorothea's picture hang at Chelsea and Kate, the mistress of the 
mansion, have no picture at all ? 

4. Judith Carter married Mann Page, Jr. (second wife). 
Issue: Mann Page, of "Rosewell," Gloucester County, who mar- 
ried, first, Alice Grymes ; second, Anne Tayloe. Issue : John 
Page, of "North End," Gloucester, who married Jane Byrd; 
Robert Page, of "Broad Xeck,"' Hanover, who married Sarah 

6. Elizabeth* Armistead, daughter of (4) John* Armistead 
and Judith, married, first, February 16, 1687, Ralph Wormley, 
of "Rosegill," Middlesex County, Va., born 1650, matriculated 
July 14, 1665, at Oriel College, Oxford, England. Burgess 1674; 

40 The Armistead Family 

member of the Council 1677; Secretary of the State 1693; Col- 
lector and naval officer of Rappahannock 1692 ; one of the trus- 
tees of William and Mary College 1693, in the same year Presi- 
dent of the Council. He was called the "greatest man in Vir- 
ginia." His will is dated February 22, 1700; he died December 
5, 1703. Issue: (i) John Wormeley, (2) Judith Armistead 
Wormeley, married Mann Page (first wife), August, 1712; died 
December 12, 1716. Issue of Judith and Mann Page: Ralph 
Page, died unmarried; Maria Page (called Judith after her 
mother's death), married William Randolph, of "Tuckahoe." 
Mann Page's two wives were first cousins, daughters of two sis- 
ters, Judith and Elizabeth Armistead, daughters of John Armi- 
stead, Councillor. 

Note. — There is now on record in Middlesex County an in- 
ventory of Ralph Wormeley, Esq., who was "one of the wealthiest 
and most influential men in Virginia." The rooms in "Rosegill" 
mansion were, "the parlors, the chamber, the chamber over the 
said chamber, the chamber over the parlor, the nursery, the room 
over the Lady's chamber, the Lady's chamber, the entry, and 
Madam Wormeley 's closet (a closet, a small room for privacy and 
retirement), besides kitchen, dairy, etc." Elizabeth A)rmistead 
Wormeley's grandson was Ralph Randolph Wormeley, Admiral 
of the British Navy. The tomb of Ralph Wormeley at "Rosegill'' 
bears the date iJ 

6. Elizabeth* Armistead Wormeley, widow of Ralph Worme- 
ley, married William Churchill, of Middlese::^ County, Va. Issue: 
Armistead Churchill, born July 25, 1704; died, 1757; married 
Hannah, daughter of Col. Nathaniel Harrison, of Wakefield, 
Surrey County. Priscilla, born December 21, 1705; died about 
1757; married, first Robert Carter, of "Nominy" ; second, John 
Lewis, of "Warner Hall," Gloucester. Elizabeth, born 1710, died 
at "Eltham," the Bassett residence, in New Kent, April 16, 1779 ; 
married, first. Col. William Bassett, of the Council ; second, Wil- 

The Armistead Family 41 

Ham Dawson,* President of William and Mary College, who 
died ten days after the marriage. Issue of Elizabeth Churchill 
and Col. William Bassett, Elisabeth Basset f, born December 13, 
1730. She married Benjamin Harrison, the signer, and was the 
mother of President William Henry Harrison. The will of Col. 
William Churchill is dated November 18, 1710. "to his wife, 
Elizabeth, a gold watch and one thousand pounds sterling, and 
her part of his negroes for life, and after her death to his son 
Armistead" ; besides, he gave her "his new Calash I expect out 
of England." To his daughter Priscilla, one thousand pounds 
sterling; to his daughter Elizabeth, one hundred pounds, his 
wife to advance her fortune out of her own. To Armistead 
Churchill, his son and heir, he gave the bulk of his estate in Vir- 
ginia and England, and made executors of his will, his brothers 
William and Henry Armistead, his friends Nathaniel Burwell, 
John Holloway and John Clayton. William Churchill appears 
as deputy sheriff in Middlesex County 1674 and member of the 
Council in 1705. According to his own deposition and will, he 
was born in 1649, in North Aston, Oxfordshire, England. The 
arms of the family as represented on a wax seal attached to a 
deed of his son Armistead Churchill, identify him as belonging 
to the family of Churchill settled in the counties of Devon, Somer- 
set and Dorset, during the reigns of King John, Henry the third, 
and Edward the first. 

The children of Armistead Churchill and Hannah Harrison 
were William, Nathaniel, Armistead, Benjamin, Mary, Lucy, 
Priscilla, Judith, Hannah, Betty. 

William of "Bushy Park," married Betty Carter of "Cleve." 
Their son Thomas married Eliza Berkeley of "Barn Elms." 
Their only child, Elizabeth, married her cousin, Thomas Nelson 
Berkeley, of Hanover. 

* September 28, 1752, Francis Jerdon, of Yorktown, wrote to 

"Your good friend Mr. Commissary Dawson died about 20th of July, 
about ten days after he married the widow Bassett. It is generally said 
/hat it was happy for him that he did not live to experience the unhappi- 
ness it would have created for him." 

42 The Armistead Family 

Another son, Armistead, married Betty Blackwell and moved 
to Kentucky. 

Mary Churchill married John Armistead, of Hesse, 1749. 

Judith married, first, Churchill Jones ; second, John Black- 

Betty married Major William Jones. 

Nathaniel died young. 

Benjamin ( ?). 

There were several Priscilla Churchills. One, the sister of 
Armistead Churchill, who married, first, Robert Carter, of 
"Nominy" ; second, married John Lewis of "Warner Hall," 
Gloucester; the other Priscilla was daughter of Armistead 
Churchill and Hannah Harrison, who married Williamson Ball. 
Their daughter, Margaret Ball, married John Walker Tomlin ; 
their daughter, Mary Williamson Tomlin, married Gen. Corbin 
Braxton ; their son, William Armistead Braxton * married 
Henrietta Garlick. Issue: Mary Armistead Braxton, Fanny 
Churchill Braxton, Corbin Braxton, Kate Braxton, who married 
Henry Lee Valentine, of Richmond. Issue: Corbin Braxton 
Valentine, Catherine B. Valentine, Elizabeth Gray Valentine. 

Corbin Braxton, son of William A. Braxton and Henrietta, 
his wife, married Louise Louther and has Emma T. Braxton, 
Catherine Span Braxton, Corbin Braxton, Jr. 

In Middlesex records we find the following: 

Marriage Bonds. 

Dec. 29th, 1759, Richard Span and Priscilla Churchill, dan. 
Armistead Churchill. Letter of consent of James Gordon to mar- 
riage of Richard Span, Feb. 9th, 1765, Williamson Ball and 
Priscilla Span, widow. Sec. William Churchill. Witness, Robert 

" 'Dicky' Span was married yesterday to 'Silla' Churchill, 

* William Armistead Braxton was named by his father for his friend. 
Dr. William Armistead, who studied with him at the same college in 

The Armistead Family 43 

dau. Col. Churchill. The weather prevented the marriage on 
Saturday as was intended." — From Diary of Col James Gordon, 
Dec, 1759. 

Lucy Churchill, daughter of Armistead Churchill and Han- 
nah Harrison, married John Gordon, December 15, 1756. Issue: 
James Gordon (one of twelve children), who married Elizabeth 
Gordon. Issue, among others, William Fitzhugh Gordon, whose 
second wife was Elizabeth Lindsay. Issue, among others, James 
L. Gordon, married Mary Long Daniel. Issue, among others, 
Armistead Churchill Gordon, lawyer, poet and author, who mar- 
ried, 1883, ]\Iaria Breckenridge Catlett, of Staunton, wdiere they 
reside. Issue, five children. 


Charles Carter, son of John Carter, who was the only son of 
Judith Armistead and Robert Carter, married Mary Walker 
Carter, of "Cleve," and had Alary Carter, who married George 
Braxton in 1763. Their son, Corbin Braxton, married Mary 
Williamson Tomlin ; their daughter, Fanny Churchill Tom- 
lin Braxton, married Col. John Brooke Young, of '"WesL- 
brook," near Richmond, Va. ; one of their sons, Armistead 
Churchill Young, married Sallie Alunford Talbott (daughter of 
Charles Henry Talbott and Sallk Radford Alunford, his wife). 
Issue: Armistead Churchill Young, Charles Talbott Young. 

The other sons are John Young, unmarried ; Ormond Young, 
married Claudia Palmer, of Richmond ; Aubrey Young, married 
Louly Walker, of Richmond, Va. ; Fanny Braxton Young, mar- 
ried Mason Miller, of Staunton; Mary Tomlin Y^oung (now de- 
ceased), married James Anderson, of Richmond. Issue: Mary 
Tomlin Anderson. 

Armistead, Page, Christian. 

William Armistead, the emigrant, married Anne. Their son, 

John, married Judith ; their daughter Judith Armistead, 

married Robert Carter, of "Corotoman"; their daughter, Judith 

44 The Armistead Family 

Carter, when twenty-three, married Mann Page, of "Rosewell," 
Gloucester County. She was his second wife, his first wife was 
Judith Wormeley, her first cousin, daughter of EHzabeth Armi- 
stead, who married in 1887, Ralph Wormeley, of "Rosegill," 
Middlesex County. Judith Wormeley, hi^s first v/ife, was seven- 
teen when married. 

Issue of Judith Armistead Carter and Mann Page was, among 
others, Mann Page, Jr., born about 1718, died young without 
issue. He had as his second wife, Anne Corbin Tayloe, of "Mt. 
Airy," Richmond County. Their son, Robert Page, born at 
"Rosewell" about 1751, removed to Hanover and married Eliza- 
beth Carter, daughter of Charles Carter, of Fredericksburg. Their 
son, Mann Page, married Mary Chiswell Nelson, daughter of Col. 
William Nelson, of "The Dorrell," Hanover County. Their son, 
John F. Page, born 1808, married Lucy Nelson, daughter Wilson 
Cary Nelson. Their only child, Mary Mann Page, married about 
1854, William B. Newton, of Norfolk. Issue: Lucy P. N., Wil- 
loughby N., Kate N. 

Willoughby N. married Sue Booten. Issue, three children. 

Kate Newton married Walter Christian, son of Judge Joseph 
Christian, of Charles City County. Issue : Joseph Christian, died 

Lucy C. married Ambler Johnston, January 6, 1910. 

Mann Page's first wife, Judith Wormeley (daughter of Eliza- 
beth Armistead Wormeley, who was sister of Judith Armisteal 
Carter), married at seventeen, died in twenty-second year, left 
three children, the fourth died with her. There were no male 
descendants from this marriage as her two sons died unmarried, 
one in youth, the eldest born, later. The following is a part of 
what is on her tombstone : 

"She was a most excellent and choice lady, who lived in the 
state of most holy matrimony for four years and as many 
months * * * an upright mistress of her family in whom the 
utmost gentleness was united, with the most graceful suavity of 
manner and conversation" * * * 

Elizabeth, daughter of Judith Armistead and Robert Carter, 

The Armistead Family 45 

married, first, Nathaniel Burwell, of "Carter's Creek," in full 
view of York River. The mansion, as appears by figures on the 
wall, was built either in 1684 in 1694. The tombstones (very 
massive) on which the inscriptions are cut, are of iron stone or 
black marble. She, Elizabeth, was the mother of Lewis Bur- 
well, President of the Council of Virginia. Her husband, Na- 
thaniel Burwell, died in the forty-first year of his age, leaving 
three sons and one daughter, Elizabeth, w4io married President 
William Nelson, Yorktown, and was the mother of General 
Thomas Nelson, of the Revolution. 

Elizabeth Carter Nelson, granddaughter of Judith Armistead 
and Robert Carter, was a woman of unusual piety. Bishop Meade 
says : "She was educated religiously by her aunt, Mrs. Page, of 
"Rosev;ell." Her private and public exercises of religion, her 
pious instruction of her children, her exemplary conduct in all 
things established the fact that she was a truly pious and consci- 
entious woman." 

Elizabeth, daughter of Judith Armistead and now widow of 
Nathaniel Burwell, married, second. Dr. George Nicholas. Her 
son, Robert Carter Nicholas, was distinguished at the bar in 
Williamsburg, in the House of Burgesses, in the Council, as 
Treasurer of the State, as patriot in the Revolution. But "higher 
than all this he was a sincere Christian and zealous defender of 
the church of his fathers." (Bishop Meade.) Robert Carter 
Nicholas died at his seat in Hanover, leaving five sons — George 
moved to Kentucky, Lewis lived in Albemarle County, John 
moved to New York, Wilson Gary was in the Senate and House 
of the United States and Governor of Virginia ; Philip Norborne, 
named for Lord Botetourt, his father's friend, and two daughters. 

Judith Carter, daughter of Judith Armistead and Robert Car- 
ter, was the second wife of Mann Page; his father, Matthew 
Page, married Mary Mann, of Timber Neck Bay, a rich heiress, 
and bequeathed an immense estate to his son Mann, who built 
the celebrated "Rosewell," a grand English brick mansion, where 
"richly carved mahogany wainscotings and capitals and stairways 
abound." (Bishop Meade.) He owned besides "eight thousand 

46 The Armistead Family 

acres in Frederick called Pageland, more than ten thousand acres 
in Prince William, four thousand five hundred in Spotsylvania, 
one thousand called Pampatike in King William, two thousand 
in Hanover, near two thousand in James City, besides other lands 
not mentioned." (Bishop Meade.) 

Mann Page was twenty-one and his first wife, Judith Worme- 
ley, seventeen, when they were married. She lived after mar- 
riage four years and four months. In the old Page family Bible 
now in possession of Captain Thomas Jefiferson Page, U. S. N., 
Mann Page in speaking of her death writes "the twelfth of De- 
cember, 1 71 6 — the most unfortunate that ever befell me — my 
dearest dear wife was taken from me." From these two grand- 
daughters of Judith Armistead have descended the Page family, 
of Virginia. Judith Carter, second wife of Mann Page, born 
about 1694, was twenty-three when married in 1717-18. Issue: 
Five children born at Rosewell — Mann, John, Robert, Carter, 
Matthew. She outlived her husband. It is a tradition that 
Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence m 
this mansion before going to Philadelphia. This is probable, as 
Jefferson was an intimate friend of Governor Page, and was fre- 
quently at "Rosewell." The lead weights from the window case- 
ments of this mansion were cast into bullets for the American 
Revolution. The whole roof was covered with heavy lead over 
the shingles. 

John Carter, only son of Judith Armistead and Robert Carter, 
was educated at the Middle Temple, England, appointed Secre- 
tary of Virginia in 1722, and member of the Council in 1724. In 
1723 he married Elizabeth Hill, daughter of Col. Edward Hill, 
of "Shirley," Charles City County, Va. His son, Chajdes Carter, 
did not leave "Corotoman," Lancaster County, until after the 
death of his first wife, Mary ; her tomb shows that she died at 
thirty-four years old in the year 1770. Charles Carter moved 
to "Shirley" in 1776 and married Anne Butler Moore, grand- 
daughter of Governor Spotswood. Their daughter, Anne Hill 
Carter, was the mother of Robert Edward Lee. (See Lee of Vir- 

The Armistead Family 47 

Anne Hill Carter, great-granddaughter of Judith Armistead, 
married Light Horse Harry Lee. Issue: Charles Carter Lee, 
Sydney Smith Lee, Robert Edward Lee, Anna Lee, Mildred Lee. 

John Carter, son of Judith, had four children — Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Col. William Byrd, of "Westover," and had William and 
four others; Charles, married, first, Mary Carter; second. Anne 
Butler Moore. Robert, married Mary, daughter of Thomas Nel- 
son, of York. Edii'ard Carter, of "Blenheim," married Sarah 

Charles Carter (son of John, son of Judith Armistead and 
Robert Carter, of Corotoman,) married second, Anne Butler 
Moore, and had Ann, who married Light Horse Harry Lee ; Dr. 
Robert C, who married Mary Nelson ; Kate Spotswood C, mar- 
ried Dr. Carter Berkeley ; Bernard Moore C, married Lucy Lee ; 
A\'illiams C, married Charlotte Fouchee ; Lucy C, married 
Nathaniel Burwell. 

7. William* Armistead ( John^, William-, Anthony^) was born 
in 1 67 1 and died at Eastmost River in Mathews County, June 
13, 171 1, where his tomb still stands. He married Ann^a Lee, 
daughter of Hancock Lee and Mary, daughter of William Kendall, ' 
of Northampton County. Issue: (9) John^, (10) Mary^, (n) 
Judith"', (12) Anna"', (13) Joycc'^, (14) France?:^. (9) John'' 
Armistead married, first, Elizabeth Burwell ; second, Susanna 
IMeriwether, daughter of Thomas Meriwether, of Essex County, 
and had issue : John, William, Susanna, who married Moore 
Fauntleroy in or before 1735. Of these, John Armistead mar- 
ried Alary Churchill (marriage bond 1749) and had issue, 
Churchill Armistead, who married, in July, 1775, Miss Betsy Bos- 
well, of the same place, probably a daughter of Major Thomas 
Bos well, whose daughter or sister, Jane, married, befoire 1760, 
John Seawell, of Gloucester County. The assessors books of 
Gloucester County in 1791 shows lands assessed to Churchill 
Armistead, William Armistead's estate, William Armistead, John 
Armistead, Jr., Dorothy Armistead, Robert Armistead, Richard 
Armistead, John Armistead, Isaac Armistead, and Currill Armi- 
stead's estate. In 1788 lands were assessed to William Armi- 

48 The Armistead Family 

stead's estate, Churchill Armistead, and Currill Armistead's 
estate. In the Virginia Gazette for 1768 Dorothy Armistead and 
Robert Reade advertised as Executors of Captain Gwyn Reade. 
( 10) Mary^ Armistead married, first, James Burwell ; second, 
Philip Lightfoot, of York County. Issue : John Armistead, Wil- 
liam. ((11) JiiditJi^ Armistead married George Dudley. 
James Burwell's will, proved September 15, 1718, at York- 
town, names w^ife Mary, daughter Lucy, son Nathaniel 
Bacon, brother John Armistead, sister Martha Burwell, sis- 
ter Judith, wife of George Dudley, sister Elizabeth Armi- 
stead, sisters Anne, Joyce, Frances. (12) Anna^ Armistead mar- 
ried 4th of April, 1725, Anthony Walke, born 1692, member for 
many years of House of Burgesses, son of the emigrant, Thomas 
Walke, who came from Barbardoes in 1662 and married Mary 
Lawson in 1689, daughter of Col. Anthony Lawson. (13) Joyce'^ 
Armistead, daughter of William Armistead, of Eastmost River, 
married Mordecai Booth. A portrait of her is preserved in Glou- 
cester County in the family of General William Booth Taliaferro, 
a descendant of Joyce Armistead, whose line runs : Thomas 
Booth, of Lancaster County, England (born 1666, died in Ware 
Parish, Gloucester County, Va., October 11, 1736), married Mary 
Cooke and had Mordecai Booth, who married Joyce Armistead, 
and had George Booth, who married Mary Wythe Mason and 
had George Wythe Booth, who married Lucy Jones and had i'-sue, 
Fannie Booth, who married Warner T. Taliaferro, whose issue 
was General William Booth Taliaferro. 

8. Henry* Armistead (John^, William^, Anthony^) married 
Martha Burwell, baptized November 16, 1685. Martha Burwell 
was the daughter of Major Lewis Burwell and Abigail Smith, 
his first wife (see will of Major Lewis Burwell, on record in 
Yorktown). Lssue of Henry Armistead and Martha Burwell: 
(18) William^ (19) Lucy^ (20) Martha^ (21) Robert". Henry 
Armistead is spoken of as residing at "Hesse," the family seat of 
John Armistead his father. His wife was the young lady with 
whom Governor Francis Nicholson became so infatuated, 

The Armistead Family 49 

"swearing that if she married any one else he would cut the throat 
of the bridegroom, the minister and the justice who would give 
the license." She was one of Lewis Burwell's nine daughters. 
They were married about 1702 or 1703. In 1733 he was sworn 
county lieutenant of Caroline; he died between July 17, 1739, and 
February n, 1740, at which last date his son, William, succeeds 
him in the parish register, as owner of slaves in Christ Church 
Parish, Middlesex. (18) William succeeded his father, Henry, 
at Hesse. In 1739 the Virginia Gazette mentions the marriage 
of Mr. Williaui Armistead, son of Col. Henry Armistead, of 
Gloucester County, to a daughter of James Bowles, deceased, of 
the Council of Maryland, and granddaughter of Tobias Bowles, 
formerly a merchant in London in the Virginia trade. She was 
Mary Bowles, sister of Eleanor Bowles, who married, first, 
William, son of Sir William Gooch, Governor of Virginia. 
This William Armistead made his will in 1755, leaving issue: 
(22) William^, (23) John^, (24) Bowles*', (25) Henry^ Mary 
Bowles Armistead survived her husband and married, second, 
Rev. Thomas Price. (22) William Armistead,*' of "Hesse," 
studied at William and Mary College in 1755 when Secretary 
Nelson and Dudley Diggs are named in the bursars book as his 
guardian. He married in 1765, Maria Carter, daughter of 
Charles Carter, of "Cleve," and Anne Byrd of "Westover." The 
following interesting letters of that period are to Maria Carter 
from Mrs. Maria Beverley and the Hon. Williarii Byrd. The 
first part of the letter was defaced written about 1764: 

Mrs. Maria Beverley to Maria Carter. 

"* * * Rebecca Burwell is soon to render Mr. Jacqueline 
Ambler happiest of Mortals. Miss Fairfax will shortly wed Mr. 
Warner Washington of Gloucester — what think you Molly of 
45 for 21? Does it strike you as all together suitable? But can 
you hear of so Vast many of our Sex about to change their Estate, 
without enlisting yourself in this Number? I cannot think the 
young gentlemen of New England so Vastly depraved in their 


The Armistead Family 

way of thinking as not to have made you many appHcations of 
that sort. I remember your Grandmother told me you had a 
great Variety of Suitors. 

"Your Affectionate Cousin, 


Judith Carter, sister of Maria Carter, married William Bur- 
.nett Brown, of Salem, Mass. Maria was visiting this sister. 
"Molly's" choice from her "great variety of Suitors'' is told in 
the following letter : 

"IVestovcr, November the 26th, 1765. 

William Byrd to Maria Carter: 

"I was in great hopes, as well as your Aunt and Grandmother, 
that you would have given us the pleasure of your Company at 
Westover e're now — and I should have rejoiced in an Opportunity 
of conveying to you my Affection — Report in forms us that you 
are going to be married very soon; I wish it had been agreeable 
to you to give some of your friends here Notice of it, because 
we think ourselves interested in your Happiness ; for my part 
I shall always be glad to contribute to it. Mr. Armistead is a 
young gentleman, entirely acceptable to us and we sincerely wish 
you both every blessing of the married State. Be pleased my dear 
Molly, to present my best Compliments to him and accept your- 
self of our Leve and tender Friendship. I and the rest of your 
relations here beg the Favour of you and Mr. Armistead to 
spend Christmas at Westover, where so many Young People are 
to make Merry. Our Coach shall attend you any where, at any 
time. I ever am, 

"My Dear Niece 

"Your Most affectionate Uncle, 

"William Byrd," 

The following gossipy letters of that time are interesting. 
The first from Warner Lewis to Col. Landon Carter, of Sabine 
Hall, and dated September 18, 1765 : 

The Armistead Famky 51 

"My Dear Sir: 

"This will be delivered to you by my nephew Will Armistead, 
who informs me that you are acquainted with his errand, which 
I hope meets with your approbation. I heartily wish my God 
Daughter Molly may like him, if she does, the sooner they are 
married the better. The house at Hesse is free from inhabitants 
by the Young Codds succeeding with our old acquaintance the 
W. D. W. It will give me great pleasure to see Miss Molly 
mistress of it. Armistead is a prudent young man, very good- 
natured, and I am sure will make her happy : You have been 
young yourself — for God's sake hurry on the match ! if no ob- 
jections. It will be to their mutual advantage to be soon settled, 
and I hope, once in my life, I may have a chance to spend a merry 
hour with you and your niece, on the banks of the Pianketanke. 

"Yours most sincerely, 

"Warner Lewis.'' 

"William Armistead was the heir of Hesse, already alluded 
to on the Pianketank."' 

Letter of John Lewis, member of the Royal Council, then 
owner and occupant of Warner Hall, Gloucester County. It was 
probably from Williamsburg to Captain Lawrence Washington, 
just after the Carthagena troubles, under Admiral Verner: 

"Virginia, June 28th, 1742. 

"Captain Lawrence Washington, 

"Dear Sir : Having the opportunity by a vessel of our own — 
I could not let it pass without letting you know that we are well. 
My son Warner is come from England, and I have taken him into 
partnership, by giving him half of all my vessels and cargoes. ^'^ * * 
Mr. Page is married to Miss Alice Grymes and Mr. Willis will 
s. on be so to Aliss Bettie Carter. Miss Howell, I believe is en- 
gaged to I\Ir. William Lightfoot. Mr. Moore, Mr. Baylor, Mr. 
Grymes. Mr. Burwell, and all the young ladies and gentlemen 

52 The Armistead Family 

of any note are yet single, and like to be so, as far as I know. 
Mr. Thomas Nelson is come in, and gone to make his addresses 
to Miss Lucy Armistead, and it is generally thought it will make 
a match. Mr. Wormeley and Col. Charles Carter has lost theh" 
Ladys. Mr. Wormeley is making his addresses to Miss Bowles, 
of Maryland — how it may fare with him I cannot say — Miss 
Randolph is yet single, though many offers has been made her; 
it is reported, by some, that she stays for you, but not believed 
by many. * * * We have no news that can be depended upon from 
England, a great while. I cannot see what delight you take in 
such a life. I heartily wish you safe here with Honour, but 
I think it may be as deservedly acquired at home, in the service 
of his Country, County, Parish, and neighborhood, in peace and 

'T am my dear Sir: 
"your most affectionate Kinsman, 

"Jno. Lewis." 

Note. — Betty (Elizabeth) Carter's outfit for her first season, 
I739> when fourteen years old, received at "Corotoman," June 
30, 1739: "a Cap, Ruffles, and tucker, 5s. per yard; one pair of 
white Stays; 8 pair white kid gloves; 2 pair colored ditto; 2 pair 
worsted Hose three pair thread ditto; i pair silk shoes, laced — I 
pair Morocco ditto; 4 pair Spanish ditto; 2 pair Calf ditto; i 
m.ask ; i fan ; i necklace ; i girdle and buckle ; i piece fashionable 
Calico ; 4 yards Ribbon for knots ; i hoop coat ; i Hatt, i yard 
and half of cambric, A Mantua and Coat of Slite lutestring." 

To return to the line of (8) Henry* Armistead (John', Wil- 
liam^ Anthony^) and Martha Burwell his wife. Their children 
were: (i) William, (2) Robert, (3) Lucy, married Thomas 
Nelson ; (4) Martha, married Dudley Diggs. 

William Armistead, son of Henry and Martha Burwell, of 
"Hesse, in Gloucester County, married in 1738 Mary, daughter 
of James Bowles; died in 1755. She married 15th of Septembe|r, 
1765, Rev. Thomas Price. Children: William, John, Bowles, 

The Armistead Family 53 

Henry, dead in 1773, Judith, married 17th August, William 

Robert Armistead, of King George County, son of Henry and 
Martha Burwell, married Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Burgess, 
widow of Jeduthan Ball ; secondly, Anne Smith. Children : ( i ) 
Henry, (2) Thomas, (3) Robert, (4) Martha Burwell, married 
Benjamin Dabney, of Gloucester. 

William, son of William Armistead and Mary Bowles, mar- 
(ried in 1765, Maria, daughter of Charles Carter, of "Cleve," in 
King George County. Children: (i) Mary A., born 1766, mar- 
ried Thos. T. Byrd, of "Westover" ; (2) Lucy B., born 1768, mar- 
ried Harvey; (3) William B., born October, 1770; (4) Jane, mar- 
ried William Cocke; (5) Anne Cleve, born October 2, 1773, mar- 
ried 14th March, 1793, John P. Pleasants, of Baltimore; (6) 
Judith Carter, born 29th December, 1774, married i6th April, 
1797, Richard H. Moale, oi Baltimore; married second, Robert 
Biddell; third, Richard Carroll. (7) Sarah, born February, 1776, 
married Fairfax Washington; (8) Charles Carter, born 1778; 
(9) Eleanor B., married William McMechen, of Baltimore. 

4. Jane Armistead married William Cocke, of Bremo, and 
had William Ajrmistead Cocke, of Oakland, who married Eliza- 
beth Randolph Preston, daughter of Major Thomas Preston and 
Edmonia Randolph, daughter of Governor Edmund Randolph. 
They had issue: William Fauntleroy Cocke, killed at Gettys- 
burg ; Thomas P. L. Cocke, Captain Edmund R. Cocke, and Pres- 
ton Cocke, attorney now living in Richmond, Va. 

3. William B. Armistead, born October 26, 1770, died before 
1797) when his brother, Charles Carter Armistead became "son 
and heir." 

24. Bowles' Armistead, son of William® Armistead and Mary 
Bowles, was a student at William and Mary from 1763 to 1766, 
His will was proved in Culpeper Co., July 21, 1785. He heired 
all his father's land in Culpeper. He married Mary Fontaine, 
daughter of Peter and Elizabeth Winston Fontaine and had 
issue: (69) William Bowles Armistead, who died luimarried ; 

54 The Armistead Family 

(70) Peter Fontaine Armistead; (71) Mary, married, first, C. 
Alexander; second, W. C. Selden ; (72) Elizabeth, married Lud- 
well Lee; (73) daughter, married Terrell. 

70. Peter Fontaine Armistead, son of Bowles Armistead and 
Martha Fontaine Winston, daughter of Isaac Winston, had is- 
sue, twelve children (nine of these were William B., Peter 
Fontaine, Patrick Henry, who married Miss Clanton, Isaac 
Coles, Eliza, Virginia, married Lanier, George Washington, 
Mary Anne, Martha, of whom there is now living Peter 
Fontaine Armistead, of Tuscumbia, Alabama, aged eighty 
years. His son, Fontaine Armistead, not now living, married 
the daughter of a distant relative, George Graham Armistead, 
whose first wife was Alice V. Fontaine. They, George G. and his 
wife, Alice, were married November 7, 183 1, and moved to Ala- 
bama. She was a daughter of Alice Berkeley and Fon- 
taine, and granddaughter of Col. Edmund Berkeley, of "Barn 
Elms," Middlesex County. George Graham Armistead married, 
second, Jane, daughter of James H. Forsyth ; lived at Florence, 
Ala. Children: (i) Hislop, captain Fourth Alabama Infantry, 
C. S. A., killed at Malvern Hill, July i, 1862; (2) Lewis Carter, 
(3) Mary Frances, married Young A. Gray, of Florence and of 
Texas; (4) Alice Fontaine died young; (5) A. D. Hunt, (6) 
George Graham, (7) Ellen Forsyth, married L. H. Medberry, of 
Chicago (7) Lizzie Baker, married Peter Fontaine Armistead; 
(9) Arabella Dobbin, married Francis S. Bragg, of Arlington, 
Tenn. ; (10) Jane married E. Y. Moore, of Chicago. 

Robert^ Armistead (Henry*, John^, William^, Anthony^) was 
clerk of King George County Court in 1752-57, and married about 
1750; first, Mrs. Elizabeth Ball. Issue (74) Henry A., of 
Fredericksburg, who married Winifred Peachy, daughter of Col. 
William Peachy. Henry's will, proved in Fredericksburg in 1787, 
names Elizabeth Burgess Armistead, Alice Armistead, brother 
Burgess Ball (colonel in Revolutionary Army) "my wife's father, 
William Peachy, my wife, Winifred, my brother, Thomas Armi- 
stead, friends, LeRoy Peachy and Benjamin Dabney. Married 
second, Anne Smith, sister of Rev. Thomas Smith and Col. Gre- 

The Armistead Family 35 

gory Smith, and aunt of John Augustine Smith, President of 
William and Alary College. Issue by this marriage, (75) Thomas 
Armistead; (76) Martha Burwell Armistead, who married Ben- 
jamin Dabney, of Gloucester County. Issue, three daughters, 
of whom, Anne married her cousin Thomas Smith, {yy) Robert 
Armistead majrried and is said to have had six chil- 
dren (Quarterly^ Vol. IV., p. 102). 

8. Henry* Armistead (son of John A., of Gloucester, son of 
William A., emigrant), married Martha Burwell. Issue: (22) 
Willian:^ A., (23) Robert, (24) Lucy, married second, Thomas 
Nelson; (25) Martha married Dudley Diggs. 

24 Lucy Armistead married Thomas Nelson, second son and 
third child of Scotch Tom Nelson, of England. 

Secretary Thomas Nelson was born at Yorktown, 1716; died 
there, 1782. He married about 1745, Lucy Armistead. Issue, 
no daughters, three sons — William N., Thomas N., Wilson Cary 
Nelson. William N. removed to "The Dorrel," Hanover County, 
' married on November 24, 1770, Lucy Chiswell, daughter of Col. 
John Chiswell and Elizabeth Randolph^ who was daughter of 
Councillor William Randolph, of Turkey Island. Lucy Chiswell, 
bcirn August 3, 1752, died 1810, age 58. Children of William Nel- 
son and Lucy Chiswell were many. The eldest son, Norborne 
Thomas Nelson, born at "The Dorrell," August 29, 1776, mar- 
ried 1801, first cousin, Lucy Nelson, of "Oak Hill," Mecklenburg 
County, and had many children, one of these, Catherine Page 
Nelson, married Thomas Barksdale Collier, of "Oak Hill," Hay- 
wood County, Tenn. ; he was born in Mecklenburg County. When 
twenty-two years old, immediately after his marriage, he moved 
firom Maury County, Tenn., in 1838 to Haywood County, where 
he became an extensive and successful planter. "He was a man 
of culture ; his morality and integrity were of the highest." 

Catherine Page Nelson Collier is spoken of as "one of the nob- 
lest, purest, best of women." Issue, among others, William Armi- 
stead Collier, of Memphis, Tenn., married Alice Treasvant. 
Issue: W. Armistead C, Thomas B. C, and a daughter-, Alice, 
married Dr. Neeley, of Bolivar, Tenn. Issue, two children. 

56 The Armistead Family 

The descendants of John Chiswell will he intetrested in the 
following from Genealogical Column of Times-Dispatch: 

In the old graveyard at Warner Hall, in Gloucester County, 
is a tombstone with this inscription : 

Mary Lewis, 

First Wife of Warner Lev^'is, Esq., 

Daughter of John Chiswell, 

of Williamsburg, 

and Elizabeth Randolph, 

of Turkey Island. 

Died the first of November, 1776. 

Aged 28 years." 

The John Chiswell mentioned in this inscription was a com- 
manding personage in 1766, and he died just ten years before 
his daughter by his own hand. He was son of Charles Chiswell, 
of Hanover, who died in Williamsburo;; on April 8, 1738. The 
Williamsburg Gazette announces that J^« Qiiswell came to 
town on Wednesday in perfect health j was taken ill of a pleurisy 
on Friday night, which was so violent that it carried him off on 
the Monday night following, and on Wednesday night he was de- 
cently interred in old Bruton Churchyard. 

The Ga.zette further announces that "he was in great esteem 
among the gentlemen of this Colony, generally well beloved, and 
bore the character of a very worthy, honest gentleman." The 
press was not afraid of the word gentleman in 1737. 

The custom of funerals by torchlight prevailed at one time 
in England, and was a mark of the high estate of the deceased. 
Evidently Charles Chiswell was buried by torches, and we can 
fancy the solemnity of the occasion — pine knots flaring, old Bru- 
ton rising in shadowy beauty, and the cadence of the burial service 
floating upon the awed silence of the Colonial capital. 

Charles^ Chiswell left one son, John^ who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of the second William Randolph, of Turkey Island, and 

The Armistead Family =,7 

had three daughters — Susanna, who first married Speaker Robin- 
son, and second Williaiji Griffith. By this last marriage he had 
one daughter, Nancy, who married John Lewis, of Eagle Point, 
Gloucester County, then called "Vue de I'eau," which name was 
transformed by the negroes into the most ridiculous contortions — 
"Bugelow," for instance. 

French nomenclature does not especially appeal to the African 
mind. An old estate called "Level Green" was changed by the 
owner to "Beau Pre," and at once the negroes utilized their fami- 
liar exclamation "Do Pray!" while the printer preferred "Bean 

Lucy^, the youngest daughter of John Chiswell, married Col. 
William Nelson, oldest son of Secretary Thomas Nelson, of 
Yorktown, and had seventeen children. 

To John Chiswell there hangs a tale — a weird, sensational 
tale. He was defendant in one of the most interesting murder 
trials of that or any other period. He killed Robert Routledge, 
a Scotch gentleman, in Cumberland County; the County Court 
refused to give him bail, but William Byrd, John Blair and 
Presley Thornton, well known members of the Virginia aris- 
tocracy — that close corporation to which Chiswell belonged — and 
members also the General Court, overruled the dictum already 
issued, and did bail Mr. Chiswell. His bond was £2,000 and 
theirs i 1,000 apiece. 

Fqr their action the members of the General Court were bit- 
terly attacked. We give the opinions of Chiswell's friends and 
Chiswell's enemies. Both constitute valuable commentaries on 
the feelings of the day. 

The Rev. John Camrn, then professor at William and Mary 
College, in a letter to a friend, written at the time, says : "Colonel 
Chiswell has committed a murder on the body of one Mr. Rout- 
ledge. He was sent down by the examining court to take his 
trial in Williamsburg. Instead of his being lodged in jail, three 
judges of the General Court, led to it, no doubt, by Chiswell's 
connections, out of session, have carried their power so far as to 
stop him in his way to prison and admit him to bail, which is 
like, as well it might, to put the whole countrv into ferment." 

58 The Armistead Family 

It did put the countr}- into ferment. The circumstances were 
these, colored to suit their fancy by adherents of both sides of 
the question : 

On the night of June 3, 1766, Chiswell and Routledge were 
in the dancing-room of the tavern at Cumberland Courthouse. 
Colonel Chiswell was talking in an important manner, and some- 
what liberal of oaths. Routledge gave a word of reproof. Chis- 
well then asked him if he ever swore. "Yes," answered Rout- 
ledge, "by all the gods." "You fool!" said Chiswell, "there is 
but one." More heated conversation followed, and Colonel 
Chiswell called Roudedge a "fugitive rebel" and a "Presbyterian 
fellow." Routledge had been drunk three times that day, and he 
was in no state of mind to stand anything. He snatched a glass 
of wine from the table and threw it in Chiswell's face. 

This was an indignity that a man of honor had to resent, and 
Colonel Chiswell picked up a bowl of "bumbo" for Routledge's 
face; but some friends prevented him. Then he seized a can- 
dlestick for the same purpose, which was also defeated. Then 
he tried to hurl a pair of tongs, but these also were wrested from 
him. Enraged and baffled, he ordered his servant to go to his 
room and bring his sword. 

The testimony for and against Chiswell varies somewhat. Mr. 
John Blair deposed: 

"That it was a most unhappy drunken affair and very cul- 
pable, yet there was no malice prepense. That the first assault 
was from the deceased, who threw a glass of wine in Colonel 
Chiswell's face, both much in liquor, which was returned with 
the bowl of punch ; and so assaults on both sides were reiterated 
until Routledge took a chair to knock Chiswell down ; on which 
he sent his man for his sword ; but when brought to him naked 
he got his back to the wall and stood on his defense, pointing it 
out and calling several times to take Routledge out of the room ; 
that accordingly one was taking him out of the room, and two 
men seized Chiswell's sword arm, and held it so stjrongly that 
it was impossible for him to move ; that Routledge broke from 
the man that was carrying him out and irushed upon the sword 
that was pointed out, and was thus killed." 

The Armistead Family :'9 

These accounts in Chiswell's favor and against him may be 
found in the Virginia Gazettes of June and July, 1766. A very 
irate person, who signs himself "Dikephilos," announces that 
Chiswell's friends would prevent the truth being published; but 
he, bent upon justice, gives his impression in a three-column 
letter, with diagram of the room in which Routledge was killed, 
with letters to denote every movement of the contending gentle- 

The servant brought the sword, for his master assured him 
that he would kill him if he did not. Colonel Chiswell, taking 
the deadly weapon, swore that he would kill anybody who came 
near him. Then, in an imperious tone, he ordered Routledge from 
the room. Routledge was "desirous of remaining, and, hickuping, 
said that he had no ill will against Colonel Chiswell, and that he 
was sure Colonel Chiswell would not hurt him with his sword; 
and when some of the company proposed that Routledge should 
be carried off and put to bed, others said he ought not to be 
carried out, as he was not the intruder." Mr. Joseph Carirington 
attempted to take Routledge out, and Colonel Chiswell moved 
cautiously along the wall towards him, abusing Routledge 
roundly. While Mr. Carrington searched his pockets for a key 
to a room in which he proposed to put Routledge to bed, Colonel 
Chiswell continued his abuse, reiterating his opprobrious epithet, 
"Presbyterian fellow," and Routledge became enraged again, 
broke from Mr. Carrington, and ran towards the table near which 
Colonel Chiswell stood. Colonel Chiswell went instantly forward, 
and wath his sword, or hanger, wdiich was about two feet long, 
stabbed him through the heart across the table." Mr. Thomas 
Swann was near by, and the sword in its way passed through 
his coat near the extremity of the third buttonhole from the 

A gentleman tried to stay Colonel Chiswell's arm, but imme- 
diately Colonel Chiswell told him it was too late, adding, "He 
is dead, and I killed him." Mr. Routledge sank down in the ajrms 
of Mr. Carrington and expired. 

Colonel Chiswell, unruffled, handed his sword to his servant, 

6o The Armistead Family 

bade him clean it carefully with tallow, lest it rust, and added 
defiantly, "He deserves his fate, damn him. I aimed at his heart, 
and I have hit it." Then he ordered a bowl of toddy, drank 
freely, and became somewhat intoxicated before the arrival of 
the justice of the peace. This is the testimony of Routledge's 
side. "Dikephilos'' thinks it natural that gentlemen of Colonel 
Chiswell's class should attempt to save a man of Colonel 
Chiswell's "figure," but he appeals to the public for justice. It 
is the beginning of a mass against class, of a clarion call to justice, 
unmindful of estate. "Philanthropos," on the 226. of August, 
1766, in a fiery letter cries to the people: "Take heed what ye 
do, for ye judge not for man, but the Lord ! Be strong, deal cour- 
ageously, and the Lord shall be with you." It is indeed mass 
against class. This is testimony for Routledge. 

The testimony of Colonel Chiswell's friends was contradictory. 
They differed materially flrom "Dikephilos," "Philanthropos," 
etc. They were Mr. Wythe, William Byrd, Ousley Thornton, 
John Blair, Thomas Mann Randolph, Richard Randolph, and 
many others. 

Colonel Chiswell, "they affirmed," did order his sword, which 
was brought; he did order Routledge out of the room; he did ca;l 
him "Presbyterian fellow" and 'Scotch rebel ;" he did hold his 
sword naked in his hand, but he did not advance, and Mr, Lit- 
tlebery Mosby and Mr. Jacob Mosby had him so fast that he 
could not move the sword. But Mr. Routledge, who had been 
delivered by Mr. Joseph Carrington to a slave at the door, got 
so enraged at Chiswell's calling him "fellow" that he himself 
irushed upon the point of the sword. Chiswell did say "I have 
killed him," because he felt him upon the point of the sword which 
no other man could know. Virginia was shaken by the circum- 
stances, contemporaneous papers bristled with it, the people 
awaited breathlessly for the decision of a case which would show 
how far an aristocrat could withstand the law — how far the law 
and public opinion agreed. Colonel Chiswell was first put in jail, 
where he pireserved a careless and dignified demeanor, inquired 
after Colonel Swann, whose button hole his sword has pierced. 

The Armistead Family "ii 

and awaited developments which were somewhat unpopular owing 
to the decision of the three members of the General Court — Byrd, 
Thornton and Blair — to have him bailed. 

On the I2th day of September this potential announcement 
appeared in the Williamsburg Gazette, "Yesteirday Afternoon 
Colonel John Chiswell Arrived in Town." The trial was near. 
This g-entleman w^ent as usual to his "house, which still stands in 
Williamsburg. In October the trial was going on. Some wit- 
ness swore that "it was out of Chiswell's power to advance — • 
Routledge had cast himself upon the point of the sword" ; others 
that Chiswell had cried, "So would I kill fifty others for the same 
offense." Joseph Carrington affirmed that "Routledge, stung at 
something Chiswell said, darted at him," and so it went. The 
people sneered at the partisanry of the Randolphs, Mr. Byrd and 

The State was in a tense condition. The feeling for and 
against Colonel Chiswell was growing each way. He himself, 
intelligent and thoughtful, felt the tremendous consequences of 
his rash deed, and on October 14, 1766, he killed himself at his 
own house at Williamsburg. This notice came out in the Gazette 
of October 17, : 

"On Wednesday last, about eleven o'clock in the afternoon, 
died at his house in this city. Colonel John Chiswell, after a shQrt 
illness. The cause of his death by the judgment of the physicians 
upon oath were nervousness, owing to a constant uneasiness of 
the mind." 

Blessed old Gazette! Throwing a veil of charity over an un- 
fortunate deed, scorning to pander to vitiated tastes by dwelling 
upon a circumstance which would have been a dainty tidbit for 
our yellow journals- — a tidbit to be shredded and chewed. In- 
stead it merely announces the death of a distinguished and rashly 
impulsive gentleman, and calls suicide a "nesrvous fit owing to a 
constant uneasiness of the mind" — a very nice diagnosis. 

23. John^ Armistead (William^, Henry*, John^, William*, 
Anthony^) was at William and Mary in 1755, when Thomas Nel- 

62 The Armistead Family 

son and Dudley Diggs are named in Bursar's book as "guardian." 
He received by his father's will all the land in Prince William 
County, and much stock in Culpeper and Caroline. He was 
executor of his brother, Bowles Armistead in 1785. He married 
Lucy Baylor, of New Market, Caroline County, March 17, 1764. 
Issue: (35) John'' Baylor Armistead, (36) William^ A., (37) 
Addison Bowles^ A., (38) 'George^ A., (39) Lczvis^ G. A., (40) 
Walker Kcith^ A., (41) Mary A., born 1780, who married 1800, 
Landon Carter,* of Sabine Hall, Richmond County and had is- 
sue : Armistead Carter, who married DeButts. Issue : 

Frances, who married Rosier Dulany. (42) Frances^ A. mar- 
ried Dr. Gillis, of Alexandria, Va., and (43) Eleanor Bowles 
A., born after her father's death, married Col. John Dangerfield, 
of Essex County, and had issue : Henry W. Dangerfield, who 
married Courtney Tucker Upshur. Issue: Emily Dangerfield, 
Armistead D., William D., George D., Lucy D., Annie D., Lar.don 
C, Mary C, who married Captain William Eleason, U. S. A. 

35. John* Baylor Armistead (son of John A. and Lucy Bay- 
lor), captain U. S. Light Dragoons in 1799, and honorably di.-,- 
charged in 1800, married Anne B. Carter, of Prince William 
County, and had issue: (44) Robert" Armistead, married Mary 
Carter; (45) John^ Armistead, married Anne Harrison; (46) 

Louisa" Armistead, married Taliaferro; (47) Mary* 

Armistead, married Kerfoot. 

36. William^ Armistead, of Prince William County, son of 
John^ Armistead and Lucy Baylor, married Anne Cairy Norton. 
Issue: (48) Hebe Armistead, (49) Wilson Cary Armistead,; (50) 
Edmund Randolph Armistead; (51) Mary Armistead; (52) 
Willie Ann Armistead; (53) George Armistead. 

37. Addison Bowles* Armistead, of Prince William County, 
son of John'' Armistead and Lucy Baylor, was made captain U. S. 
Army, September 30, 1806; died February 10, 1813, from wound 

* Landon Carter's (Robert W.*, Landon*, Robert*, John*) mother was 
Winifred Beale. Landon C.'s wife, Mary Burwell Armistead, was left 
a widow in 1846, at Alexandria; was buried at Shooter's Hill. 

The Armistead Family 63 

received while engaged in defence of Savannah. He married 
Mary Howe Peyton, daughter of John Peyton, of Winchester, 
Va. Issue: (54) Mary Armistead, (55) Susan Peyton A;rmi- 
stead, m.arried James Innis Randolph, son of Peyton Randolph, 
of Wilton. Issue: Innis Randolph, reputed one of the most bril- 
liant writers of the South; served on editorial staff of Baltimore 
American. (2) Peyton Randolph, officer engineer in Confederate 
States Army, on the staff of his cousin, General Lewas Addison 
Armistead. There were twelve children by this marriage of Susan 
Peyton Armistead and Innis Randolph. 

38. George^ Armistead (hero of Fort AIcHenry), son of John 
Armistead and Lucy Baylor, born at New Market, Caroline 
County, Va., April 10, 1780; died at Baltimore, Md., April 25, 
1818; appointed second lieutenant U. S. Army, January 8, 1799; 
captain, November i, 1806; major. Third Artillery, March 3, 
1813 : was distinguished at the capture of Fort George, Upper 
Canada, ]\Iay 18, 181 3, and was brevetted lieutenant-colonel for 
the defence of Fort McHenry, September 12, 1814; married Oc- 
tober 26, 1810, Louisa Hughes, sister of Christopher Hughe? 
of Baltimore, C. S. Charge d'Affairs in Denmark, No'rway, 
Sweden. George Armistead died in Baltimore, April 25, 1818. 
Issue : ( I ) Mary Armistead, born in Baltimore, December 27, 
1812; married. June 10, 1845, Jo^i" Bradford. She died 1885, 
he died 1852. (2) Margaret Hughes Armistead, born at Gettys- 
burg, Penn., 15th September, 1814; married October, 1840, Lewis 
. Howell, of New Jersey; (3) Christopher Hughes Armistead, born 
in Baltimore, April 21, 1816; (4) Georgiana Louisa Frances 
Gillis Armistead, born at Fort McHenry, 25th November, 1817; 
married 27th November, 1838, William Stuart Appleton ; died 
in New York, 25th July, 1878; he died at Peperell, Mass., 7th 
March, .891. 

A clipping from Baltimore Sun is fittingly inserted just here. 
Miss Keys writes : 

I wonder how many of the descendants of the 'Old De- 
fenders' who have just celebrated the 12th of September re- 

64 The Armistead Family 

member the names of the heroes who made that day an 
epoch in the history of our people? Let us pause to do 
honor to Major George Armistead, the 'hero of Fort Mc- 
Henry/ as he is styled, who on that day (September 14, 1814), 
saved the flag and so bravely and nobly held the fort against 
the British bombardment, he being the only man in the fort 
who knew that the powder magazine was not bombproof and 
that any moment should a shell strike it a horrible death awaited 
them all. But, thank God, a shell did not reach it, and Major 
Armistead by so gallantly holding the fort not only won for him- 
self a glorious record, but, the historians tell us, saved the whole 
Atlantic seaboard from British invasion. 

"The citizens of Baltimore, as an expression of their gratitude 
to Majqr Armistead for his gallant conduct, presented him with a 
silver bowl in the pattern of a bombshell, a set of goblets and a 
salver. This bowl is now in possession of his grandson, Mr. 
George Armistead. The historic flag, which was also presented 
to Major Armistead, is now the valued possession of Mr. Eben 
Appleton, of Boston, grandson of Major Armistead. 
From a recent magazine : 

"Francis Scott Key is the one to whom we are indebted for a 
song which will live as long as America lives. Like "Yankee 
Doodle" and "Hail Columbia!" this song too, had its birth in time 
of war and was inspired by the intensity of patriotism. 

It was in the war of 1812, in the lattejr part of August, 1814, 
that Dr. William Beanes, an old resident of Upper Marlborougli, 
Maryland, was captured by General Ross of the British Army and 
held as a prisoner on the "Surprise," the admiral's flagship. The 
doctor was a personal friend of Key, who was then a young 
lawyer, living in Baltimore. On the second of September Mr. 
Key, in writing to his mother from Georgetown, said, "I am going 
to Baltimore in the morning to proceed in a flag vessel to General 
Ross. Old Dr. Beanes, of Marlborongh is taken prisonqr by the 
enemy who threaten to carry him ofif." 

The English fleet was in Chesapeake Bay and Key was kindly 
received by Admiral Cochrane. General Ross had consented to 

The Armistead Family 65 

the release of Dr. Beanes, but as a combined attack by sea and 
land had been planned to be made on Fort McHenry, it was stip- 
ulated that all of the American party should remain on the flag- 
ship until the fort was reduced. 

"All during the night of that eventful thirteenth of Septem- 
ber, the great guns of the fleet poured shot and shell upon the 
fortress. While standing on the deck of the flagship, Key could 
see by the flash of the cannon and the glare of the rocket, that the 
American flag was still waving victoriously. The fight was in- 
tense and persistent and the courage and endurance of the soldiers 
was taxed to the utmost. In the dawn's early light, as he beheld 
the Stars and Stripes rising above the smoke and waving 
triumphantly, amid such surroundings and in such a scene, Kuy 
wrote the words which will live. 

The day after the bombardment he was taken ashore and that 
night, at a hotel in Baltimore, he revised it, making it substantially 
what it now is. The following day he showed it to his kinsman, 
Judge Joseph H. Nicholson, who w^as so delighted wath it that he 
had it printed immediately and in a few hours, all Baltimore was 
reading the Star-Spangled Banner. 

"A remnant of the flag which inspired the immortal lines on 
that memorable morning still exists. It is thirty-two feet in 
length by twenty-nine in the hoist and is said to be in a fair state 
of preservation. It is owned by Mr. Eben Appleton, of Yonkers, 
X. Y., whose grandfather. Col. George Armistead, was one of the 
heroic defenders of Fort McHenry in 1814. 

"The original flag was made by Mrs. Mary Pickersgill, whose 
mother, Rebecca Young, made the first flag carried by the col- 
onists in the war of the Revolution. Its original dimensions were 
forty feet by twenty-nine. 

"Key was born in Frederick County, Maryland, in August, 
1780, and was but thirty-four when he wrote the famous lines. 
He died January 11, 1843, and lies in a grave in Frederick, Md., 
over w^hich floats every day of the year, the American flag, and 
it is reverently renewed on each Memorial Day. 

"The old English tune, "To Amacreon in Heaven" is in- 

66 The Armistead Family 

separably associated with the 'Star-Spangled Banner,' and was 
composed in London sometime between 1770 and 1775 by John 
Strafford Smith, who was a member of an aristocratic society 
called The Amacreonites, and the regular fortnightly meetings 
were always opened with the song 'To Amacreon in Heaven.' 

"No song is so used as this, and the memqry of the author is 
forever kept green as daily at sunset, when the garrison flags of 
the United States are lowered, on all American soil and on every 
flag ship of every United States naval squadron wherever it may 
be, the band plays 'The Star-Spangled Banner.' " 

39. Lewis Gustavus Adolphus^ Armistead, son of John Armi- 
stead and Lucy, first-lieutenant and captain of riflemen ; killed 
September 17, 18 14, in a sortie from Fort Erie, Canada, during 
second war with Great Britain. 

40. Walker Keith Armistead, born at Newmarket in 1783; 
U. S. Military Academy at West Point, 1803, as second lieutenant 
of Engineers, captain 1806, major 1810, lieutenant-colonel 1812, 
chief of engineers with array in Canada, colonel in 181 8, colonel 
Third Artillery 1 821," brevet brigadier-general 1828; married in 
1814, Elizabeth, daughter of John A. Stanley, of Newbern, N. C. ; 
died at Upperville 13 October, 1845 ! she died in September, 1861. 
Children: (i) Lucinda Stanley Gillis, born at Alexandria ist of 
November, 1815; married 13th May, 1835, Joseph G. Carr, of 
Fauquier County; died 3rd of January, 1850. (61) Lewis Addi- 
son, born at Newbern i8th February, 1817; (64) Mary Walker, 
born at Newbern, 183 1 ; married 8th of June, 1843, J- Travis Ros- 
ser, of Petersburg; died at Alexandria, December, 1857; (66) 
Elizabeth Frank; (67) Virginia Baylor; (68) Cornelia, married 
Major Washington Irving Newton, U. S. A. ; (62) Frank Stanley, 
U. S. Military Academy, 1856; second lieutenant Tenth Infantry, 
first lieutenant 1861, resigned 1861 ; colonel C. S. A. ; died in Ken- 
tucky i8th April, 1888; (63) Edward Bowles, born at Upperville 
26th April, 1837, and Walker Keith, sergeant Sixth Virginia 
Cavalry, C. S. A. 

General Lewis Addison Armistead, born at Newbern, North 
Carolina ; educated at West Point ; killed on the heights of Gettys- 

The Armistead Family 'oj 

burg, July 3, 1863, after he had penetrated, with heroic bravery 
far into the Hnes of the Federal troops. He entered the Sixth 
U. S. Infantry in 1839. In the Mexican War he was brevetted 
captain and major for galantry at Contreras, Cherubusco and 
]\Ialinadel Rey. At Chapultepec he was one of the storm party 
and was wounded. He was made captain March 3, 1855. In 1859 
he commanded a detachment against the Indians, defeating them. 
On the breaking out of the war in 1861, he resigned from the 
Federal army, and was made colonel of the Fifty-seventh Vir- 
ginia Infantry, and in the same month (April) was made a briga- 
dier general in Confederate States Army (Tyler, Quarterly, Vol. 

We have the following from another source: 

"Lewis Addison Armistead entered West Point as a cadet, but 
on account of some youthful escapade was retired from that in- 
stitution in 1836, just before graduation. The youthful escapade 
was the partial cracking of Jubal Early's skull with a mess-hall 
plate. In 1839 ^e was appointed from citizen's life, second lieu- 
tenant in U. S. A., and assigned to the Sixth Regiment, com- 
manded at that time by General Zackery Taylor, afterwards Presi- 
dent. He served during the latter part of the Florida War under 
his father. General Walker K. Armistead, and early in 1861 hv? 
resigned his commission in U. S. A., and in company with Gen- 
eral Albert Sidney Johnston and other officers, who had resigned, 
crossed the plains and offered his services to Virginia. He was 
mortally wounded at Gettysburg while advancing in front of his 
line with hat upon the point of his sword, after having taken 
£rst line and guns of the enemy and planting his flag upon their 
stronghold. He was taken in charge by Major-General Hancock, 
his old companion in arms, and sent to the Eleventh Corps Hos- 
pital at Gettysburg, where he died of his wounds the next day. 
Walter Harrison, A. A. G., and inspector-general of Pickett's 
Division, says of him : 'As a firm disciplinarian and executive 
officer, in addition to his high qualities for personal courage and 
judgment, he had no superior in the service. The Philadelphia 
Veteran Brigade, his adversaries on that fatal field, erected a me- 

68 ' The Armistead Family 

morial to him on the Gettysbuirg battlefield with the inscription: 
"On This Spot brave Armistead fell." 

General Lewis Addison Armistead married Cecelia Lee Love, 
daughter of Richard H. Love, of Fairfax County, Virginia. Is- 
sue: Walker Keith Armistead, born at St. Davids, Ala., ii De- 
cember, 1844; married 12th April, 1871, Julia Frances Appleton, 
daughter of Samuel Appleton, of Boston, and granddaughter of 
Daniel Webster, died at Newport, R. L, 28th March 1896. Issue: 
Lewi.? Addison Armistead, Daniel Webster Armistead, and Keith 
Armistead, who accidentally shot himself when thirteen years old. 
Daniel Webster Armistead married in the summer of 1807, Miss 
Fitch, of Pittsburg. > -. .1 

Note. — Ludwell Lee married, second, in 1797, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Bowles and Mary Fontaine Armistead. Had six chil- 
dren. He resided at Shooters Hill near Alexandria. 

Ludwell Lee married, first, 1788, his first cousin. Flora, daugh- 
ter of Philip Ludwell and Elizabeth Steptoe, of Stratford, and 
had three children: (i) Eliza Matilda Lee, born September 13, 
1791 ; died 22nd January, 1875; married 181 1, Richard H. Love, 
of Fairfax County. Issue: Cecelia Matilda, married 1844, 
Major Lewis Addison Armistead, U. S. Army. 

62. Frank Stanley Armistead, son of Walker Keith Armi- 
stead, entered Virginia Military Institute at sixteen; here two 
years under Thomas J. Jackson, graduated and went West. Was 
in the Rocky Mountains when the war broke out in 1861. In 
feeble health, he traveled over 3,000 miles — part on mule, part 
walking to enter the Confederate service as private ; was pro- 
moted and served to the end. Settled at Fort Smith, Ark., after- 
wards moved to Charleston, Arkansas. 

63. Bowles Edward Armistead, captain Company A, Sixth 
Virginia Regiment Cavalry, C. S. A., married first, 15th October, 
1867, Susan Lewis Marshall, daughter of Fielding L. Marshall, 
of Fauquier County, Va., and great-granddaughter of Chief 
Justice Marshall. She died July, 1868, and he married, second, 
23rd November, 1871, Elizabeth Lewis Marshall, daughter Henry 


The Armistead Family 6g 

Marshall and great-great-niece of the Chief Justice: Issue (i) 
Mary Morris Armistead, born 2nd January, 1873; married No- 
vember 9, 1898, Aubrey Clarence Gochnauer. Issue, son Pem- 
broke and Mary Armistead. (2) Henry Marshall Armistead, 
born 15th May, 1874. When nineteen he moved to Little Rock, 
Ark.; in 1895, graduated from the law department of the Uni- 
versity of Arkansas ; after which he was admitted to the bar, and 
is now a prominent and successful practitioner ; also a member of 
the bar of the Supreme Court of United States, where he has ap- 
peared several times. November 2, 1903, he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Hon. George W. Murphy, attorney-general of Ar- 
kansas ; they have two children living — George M.. born February 
10, 1906; Henry M., November 10, 1907. (3) Lewis Addison 
Armistead, born 2nd January, 1876; (4) Stanley, born 9th Sep- 
tember, 1877; (5) John Baylor Armistead, born 22nd January, 
1879; (6) Eleanor Bowles Armistead, barn i8th April, 1881 ; (7) 
Elizabeth Marshall Armistead, born 30th August, 1884; (8) 
Robert Morris Armistead, born 26th August, 1886; (9) Virginia 
Baylor Armistead, born i8th April, 1888; (10) Courtenay War- 
ner Selden Armistead, born August, 1890. 

Walker Keith Armistead, son of Walker Keith Armistead and 
Elizabeth Stanley, born 1835 at Fortress Monroe; died in Rich- 
mond, Va., September 3. 1904; served all during the Confederate 
War, first sergeant Company A, Sixth Virginia Cavalry. 

Christopher Hughes Armistead, son of (38) George* Armi- 
stead and Louisa Hughes, born in Baltimore, April 21, 1861 ; 
married in Fredericksburg, March 2, 1841, Agnes Campbell, 
daughter of Samuel Gordon, of Kenmore, died in Baltimore, 
February 14, 1876; she died January, 1880. Children, who were 
all born in Baltimore, are: (i) Susan Gordon, born July 21, 
1842; married. November 21, 1867, Cuthbert Powell Grady. (2) 
Louisa, born September 18, 1844; died November 24, 1847; 
(3) Agnes Gordon, born September 12, 1847; married January 
9, 1877, Alexander Gordon. (4) George, born August 27, 1849; 
unmarried. (5) James Ryan, born April 30, 1851; died Feb- 
ruary 8, 1894; (6) Frances Carter, born November 17, 1855; 

JO The Armistead Family 

unmarried. (7) Marion Gordon, born December 9, 1857; mar- 
ried January, 1877, Clarence C. Whiting. (8) Samuel Gordon 
Armistead, born July 27, i860; married October 21, 1869, Ella 
Howell, of Philadelphia. Issue, Geo'rge Armistead. 

The children of Marion^ Gordon Armistead and Clarence 
C. Whiting: (1) George Armistead Whiting; (2) G. W. Carlyle 
Whiting; (3) Agnes Gordon Whiting; (4) Marion Dulany 

1. George Armistead Whiting married Susanna Butler (a 
great-great-granddaughter of Eleanor Custis). Issue: Eleanor 
Custis Whiting and George Armistead Whiting. 

2. G. W. Carlyle Whiting married Nathalie Contee Thomas. 
The Whiting family line runs thus : Col. John Carlyle, the 

first of his name in Virginia, built in Alexandria, the famous 
Carlyle mansion in 1755. It was General Braddock's head- 
Cjuarters. Colonel Carlyle took an active part in the French and 
Indian wars; married in 1748, Sarah Fairfax, daughter of Hon. 
William Fairfax. Their second daughter, Anne Fairfax Carlyle, 
married Henry Whiting, of Gloucester ; their son, Carlyle Fair- 
fax Whiting, married Sarah Manly Little in 1838; their son, 
George Carlyle Whiting, married Mary Anne DeButts Dulany ; 
their son, Clarence Carlyle Whiting, married Marion Gordon 

The children of Agnes Gordon Armistead and Alexander 
Gordon: Alargaret Gordon, Alexander Gordon. 

The children of Susan Gordon Armistead and Cuthbert 
Powell Grady, married in 1867 (Master of Arts, University of 
Virginia at the age of twenty; entered the Confederate army as 
private, promoted to colonel ; Professor of Latin, Washington 
and Lee University, Lexington) : (i) Susan Ryan Grady, mar- 
ried Henry Fay Green, of Baltimore; (2) Agnes Gordon Grady, 
married Edward Porter Alexander (son of General E. P. Alex- 
ander, Chief of Artillery C. S. A., Longstreet's Division). Issue: 
Jenny Powell Armistead. 

The Armistead Family 71 

Appleton-Armistead Line. 

Georgiana Louisa Frances Gillis Armistead married William 
Stuart Appleton, of Massachusetts. This Appleton family has 
always been one of the most prominent of New England in 
literary, social, mercantile and political affairs. 

William Stuart Appleton was the son of Eben Appleton, who 
was the brother of Nathan Appleton, LL. D. and author. United 
States Senator, manufacturer ; he with others started the fiTSt 
loom-power for weaving cotton in the United States. With 
another brother, Samuel, he amassed wealth in the manufacture 
of cotton. Samuel was a noted philanthropist, spending the most 
of his income for benevolent and scientific purposes ; he was a 
great traveler for more than twenty years, visiting various parts 
of the world. His daughter, a beautiful, accomplished girl, 
Frances Elizabeth, was the second wife of Longfellow, the poet. 
Georgiana Louisa Frances Gillis Armistead was the daughter of 
Colonel George Armistead and Louisa Hughes, born at Fort Mc- 
Henry, November, 1817; married 27th November, 1838, Wil- 
liam Stuart Appleton. Their children : 

1. Louisa Armistead married F. T. Knight, of Boston. Is- 
sue, one child, Theodora Irving, who married George Knight Budd 
Wade. Issue : Ruth Wade. 

2. William Stuart Appleton died. 

3. Sarah Paterson Appleton died. 

4. George Armistead Appleton died when thirty-four. 

5. Eben Appleton married Isabel Slade, of New York; one 
child living, married William Morton, of Baltimore, Md. 

6. Georgiana Louisa Frances Armistead Appleton married 
George M. Hunter, of Baltimore, Md. ; several children, among 
whom is Isabella C. H., of New York City. 

7. Edith Stuart Appleton married her cousin, William Sum- 
ner Appleton, of Holbrook Hall, Newton Centre, Mass. Issue: 
Eleanor Armistead Appleton, William Sumner Appleton, Majorie 
Crane Appleton, Dorothy Everard Appleton, Gladys Hughes 
Appleton. Eleanor Armistead Appleton married R. H. F. Stan- 
den, of Ballinderry, Mullingar, Ireland; several children. 


The Armistead Family 

8. Margaret Armistead Appleton married George Living- 
ston Baker of Boston. Issue: Six children — (i) George L. 
Baker, (2) Christopher Hughes Baker, died; (3) Edith Apple- 
ton Baker, married Dirk H. A. Kolff, of Java Island; (4) Caro- 
line Frances Baker, married Harry T. Church, of Goshen, N. Y. ; 
(5) Mildred Armistead Baker, married Brady Green Rutten- 
cutter, of Parkersburg, W. Va. ; (6) Appleton Lawrence Baker. 

9. Caroline Frances Appleton, died. 

10. Alice Maud Appleton married John Clarke Kennedy, of 
London. Issue, two sons. 

The parents of William Sumner Appleton, of Holbrook Hall 
(who married his cousin, Edith Stuart Appleton), were Nathan 
Appleton and Harriet Coffin Sumner, his wife. 

75. Thomas Armistead married Miss Marchant of North 
Carolina. He was captain of the First Virginia State Regiment 
from April 6, 1776, to January, 1780, in the Revolution. Issue: 

(78) Martha Burwell, married Fowler, and lived in 

Baltimore; (79) Abiah, married William Mitchell and had issue, 
Alfred Mitchell, of Richmond, and William Mitchell, of Texas. 

(80) Anne Smith, married Barton, and had Armistead, 

died in New Orleans, and a daughter who married 

Hutdiings, of Williamsburg, Va., and had issue two daughters, 

one of whom married a West India planter, the other, 

Moody, of Williamsburg. (81) Catharine, born March 25, 1787, 
married, first, William Pierce, of James City County (issue: 
two children, one of whom, Emily, married Robinson Arnold, 
and had issue, Catharine Armistead) ; married, second, Everard 
Hall, a distinguished lawyer of Norfolk, Va. She died in Rich- 
mond, June 2, 1864. 

Armistead, Carter, Wickham. 

Judith Armistead, eldest child of John and Judith Armistead, 
married, in 1688, Robert Carter. Their youngest child, John 
Carter married Elizabeth Hill, of "Shirlev." Issue: Edward C, 

The Armistead Family 73 

Charles C. Elizabeth Hill C. Edward Carter, of "Blenheim," 
married Sarah Champe. Charles Carter, of "Shirley," married, 
first, his cousin, Mary Walker Carter. Charles Carter married, 
second, Anne Butler Moore, of "Chelsea."' Issue, among others, 
Anne Hill C, Williams Lee C, (Dr.) Robert Carter. Anne Hill 
C. married General Henry Lee (Light Horse Harry), and had, 
among others, (General) Robert Edward Lee. Williams Lee 
Carter, of Hanover, married Charlotte Fouchee ; their daughter, 
Charlotte Lee, married George Wickham ; their daughter, Char- 
lotte Wickham, was the first wife of W. H. F. Lee, son of General 
Robert E. Lee. 

Dr. Robert Carter, of "Shirley," married Mary Nelson, of 
York, daughter of Governor Thomas Nelson and Lucy Grymes, 
his wife. Issue : Hill C, Anne C, Lucy C, Thomas C. Hill 
Carter (1796-1875) married Mary Randolph. 

Anne Carter married William Fanning Wickham, of "Hick- 
ory Hill," Hanover County. Their son (General, C. S. A.,) 
Williams Carter Wickham, married Lucy Penn Taylor. Issue: 
Henrv^ T. Wickham, Anne Carter Wickham, Julia W., died young, 
William F. W. 

Henry T. Wickham (general counsel for C. & O. R. R.) mar- 
ried Elise Barksdale. Issue: Williams C. W. and George W. 
Anne Carter W., married Robert H. Renshaw. Issue : Williams 
C. W. R., Frank R., Robert H. R., Julia R. William F. Wick- 
ham married Anne Ould. Issue : two sons and a daughter. Wil- 
liam F. Wickham, deceased. 

The first John Wickham, "eloquent, witty, graceful, married, 
first. Miss Fanning, daughter of an Englishman. Issue: Wil- 
liam Fanning W. Edmund W. married Lucy Carter. 

John Wickham married, second, Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. 
McClung and Elizabeth Selden, his wife. Issue, among others, 
Littleton Wickham, married Miss Ashby, of South Carolina; 
Judge Ashby Wickham was their son. 

William Fanning Wickham married Anne Carter, and had 
Williams Carter Wickham. 

74 The Armistead Family 

Dr. McClung moved from Elizabeth City County to Rich- 
mond in 1783. He was a noted physician. 

Old Dr. Fouchee had some charming and beautiful daughters ; 
one married Williams Lee Carter; another, Mr. Richie, of The 
Enquirer. Dr. Fouchee's was called the "home of the Graces." — 
Richmond in By-Gone Days. 

John Armistead (son of emigrant William) married Judith, 
and had, among others, Judith, who married Robert Carter. 
Their daughter, Elizabeth C, married Nathaniel Burwell, of Car- 
ter's Creek ; their only daughter, Elizabeth, married President 
William Nelson, of Yorktown. She was a woman of deep piety 
and high ideals. Their son, Robert Nelson, married Susan Rob- 
inson; their son, Peyton Randolph Nelson, married Sally Berke- 
ley Nicholson; their son, Wilmer W. Nelson, married Sally 
Browne Catlett; their daughter, Sally Berkeley Nelson, married 
Colonel Wm. Todd Robins, now deceased ; their children are 
Ruth, married Thomas Gordon, lawyer of Richmond ; Elizabeth, 
married Mr. Lunn, of Pittsburg, Pa. ; Warner, a graduate of West 
Point, and an officer in U. S. A. ; Nelson and Polly. 

Sallie Berkeley Nicholson was the daughter of Dr. Robert 
Nicholson and Elizabeth Digges. The latter was the daughter 
of Dudley Digges and Elizabeth Wormeley, who was the daugh- 
ter of John Wormeley and Elizabeth, his wife. John Wormeley 
was the son of Elizabeth Armistead and Hon. Ralph Wormeley 
Elizabeth Armistead was the daughter of Hon. John Armistead 
of Hesse, who was the son of William A. the emigrant. 

William, the emigrant, had son John, who married Judith. 
They had two sons, William and Henry. Henry married Martha 
Burwell, and had William, who married Mary Bowles ; they had 
Bowles, who married Mary Fontaine, daughter of Peter and Eliz- 
abeth Winston Fontaine; they had Peter Fontaine Armistead, 
who married Martha Henry Winston, and had twelve children. 
Martha Henry Winston was the daughter of Isaac Winston and 
Lucy Cole, the great-grandson of Isaac Winston, the emigrant. 
Issue of Peter Fontaine A. and Martha Winston, his wife: (i) 

The Armistead Family 75 

Mary, died young; (2) William Bowles; (3) Isaac Winston; 
these never married; (4) Kate Winston A., married Captain Rob- 
ert McFarland, C. S. A., Florence, Ala.; (5) Peter Fontaine A.; 
(6) Henry Cole A.; (7) George Washington A., married Mattie 
Reynolds, 1871 ; (8) John Anthony A., died single; (9) Martha 
Henry A., married Dr. E. C. Reid; (10) Dora Virginia A., mar- 
ried R. T. Biigg; (11) Walker A., never married; (12) Robert 
Lee A., married Mary Bacon Steele. 

5. Peter Fontaine Armistead married Elizabeth Baker Armi- 
stead, daughter of Colonel George Graham A. and Jane Forsyth, 
his wife, September, 1878. Mrs. E. B. Armistead, now a widow, 
lives in Arlington, Tenn. Their children : Gus. Henry A., James 
Baker A., George G. A., Peter Fontaine A. Louis Carter Armi- 
stead, son of Colonel George G. A. and his first wife, Alice Fon- 
taine; his daughter married Mr. E. E. Throckmorton, of Tus- 
cumbia, Ala. 

6. Henry Cole Armistead married Mary Catherine Adair 
Armistead, December, 1872. Issue: Isaac Fontaine, married 
Mary Brown, 1901 ; Henry Cole, married Mattie Lee A., 1906; 
Nannie Barry, married Fred B. Arnett, 1908; Mary Susan, mar- 
ried Ed. H. Pendleton, 1904; Clara Henry, single; Elizabeth 
Baker, died in infancy; Kathleen Adair, single; Dora Virginia 
Lanier, single; Robert Lee, single; Wm. Bowles, single. 

Frances Armistead, only daughter of William Armistead, the 
emigrant, married, first, the Rev. Justinian Aylmer, of James- 
town. "The Rev. Justinian Aylmer, born in 1635, ^^'^s probably 
the Justinian Aylmer who matriculated at Trinity College, Ox- 
ford, July, 1656, and became B. A. October 24, 1657. The pedi- 
grees of Aylmer and Hone and the connection of those families 
in Virginia, render it reasonably certain that he was a grandson 
of Theophilus Aylmer, archdeacon of the diocese of London, 
t66i. He was minister of Hampton Parish, York County. A 
little later he was minister of Jamestown, but died not long after, 
and widow, Frances, married Lieut. -Col. Anthony Elliott, of 
Elizabeth City County, who died in 1666; and she married Capt. 

76 The Armistead Family 

Christopher Wormeley." (Cradle of the Republic.) In January, 
1666, the will of her second husband, Col. Anthony Elliott, was 
recorded in Middlesex County. It mentions three sons — Wil- 
liam, Thomas, Robert. Executors — William Elliott and John 
Armistead. In November, 1666, probate was granted Captain 
Christopher Wormeley in place of William Elliott and John 
Armistead, "as having married the relict of Rev. Justinian 
Aylmer," of Jamestown. This lady departed this life on the 25th 
day of May, 1685, and was buried at home in thei'r garden the 
next day. 

There is an entry in the old Middlesex register : "Captain 
Wormeley's wife's son, Aylmer, Dyed the i6th and was Buried 
the 1 8th January in the Chancell near the South end of ye Com- 
munion Table, 1669." This boy died sixteen years before his 
mother, and most probably took his last rest beside the ashes 
of his father, the Rev. Justinian Christopher Wormeley, re- 
quested before he died to be buried in the garden between his 
first wife, Frances, and his last wife, Margaret. His second wife 
was the widow of Colonel John Carter, Jr. 


The first of the name in Virginia were two brothers, 
Christopher and Ralph, descended from Sir John de Worme- 
ley, of Hadfield County, of York, England; knighted in 131 2. 
(i) Christopher Wormeley, acting Governor of Tortugas 
Island, in 1 631 -'35, when, owing to some negligence of his, 
the Spaniards captured the island, and he was compelled :o 
flee. He reached Virginia in 1635 ^"d received grants of land, 
1,450 acres, on Charles River Co. in 1638; member of Council 
1637; died in 1649. His brother Ralph^ W., was heir of 
his brother Christopher Wormeley's 4,545 acres. Ralph W., / 
born 1620; died 1665; married Agatha Eltonhead of Eltonhead, / 
Northampton Co. He was member of the Council in 1666; one 
of those proscribed by Bacon in his proclamation against Gov. 
Berkeley. Issue of Ralph W. and Agatha E. : Christopher, ^^ 
Ralph, Aylmer. Col. Christopher Wormeley married Frances 

The Armistead Family yj 

Armistead, daughter of William A., emigrant, issue one daugh- 
ter, Judith, and perhaps others. "Frances Wormeley wife of 
Col. Christopher Wormeley died May 25, 1685, and was buried 
in the garden next day." Judith Wormeley, born May 25, 1685. 
February 16, 1687, Ralph Wormeley, brother of Colonel Chris- 
topher Wormeley, married Elizabeth Armistead, neice of Frances 
Armistead Wormeley. Their eldest son, Ralph, died. John, 
the next son, married Elizabeth, and had Sarah and Judith, twins 
(Sarah died), Elizabeth, Sarah, Mary, Ralph, Agatha, John. 

Ralph inherited "Rosegill" from his father, John. "Rose- 
gill" is one of the most magnificent estates in Virginia. The 
house is three stories high; it faces on an immense lawn that 
slopes to the Rappahannock, which is several miles wide at this 
point. The hall, perhaps the grandest in Virginia, occupies the 
whole river front, with a stairway at either end; into this opens 
the dining-room, drawing-room, library, sitting-room, paneled in 
mahogany and oak. It was to this home that Ralph Wormeley 
took his bride, Elizabeth Armistead. 

Smith — Armistead — Tabb — Todd. 

It is said that Thomas Smith, son of Thomas and Armistead 
Smith, comes of the Lawrence Smith line. The first Lawrence 
Smith, of Abington Parish, had oldest son John, member of the 
Council. Lawrence, the second son, removed to York, and was 
the ancestor of Elizabeth Smith who married 187. Robert Armi- 
stead. Charles, another son, moved to Essex County ; died about 
1 7 10, when his widow, Dorothy, Augustine Smith, and R. Buck- 
ner gave bond in Essex County. They had a daughter Dorothy. 

The line runs thus : 

The first Lawrence and John Smith, of Gloucester, are said 
to have been sons of Thomas Smith, son of Arthur Smith, who 
emigrated to Virginia in 1622 and settled in Isle de Wight County. 
His brother, Alexander Smith, settled in Middlesex County, 
1634. These brothers, Arthur and Alexander, were nephews of 
Sir Thomas Smythe, President and Treasurer of the Virginia 
Company, and also of British East India Company. His father, 

y8 The Armistead Family 

Sir Thomas Smythe, of Osterhanger Castle, County of Kent, Eng- 
land, married, in 1552, Alice Judd, daughter of Sir Andrea Judd, 
Lord Mayor of London. 

I. John Smith, of Purton, Gloucester County, Speaker of the 
House of Burgesses, married Anne Bernard in 1662. Their only 
son, (2) John S., married Mary Warner, February 17, 1680. Is- 
sue: (3) John S., Mildred S., Mary S., Augustine S of "Shoot- 
ers Hill," Elizabeth S., Philip S., Anne S. 

2. John Smith married Anne Alexander in 171 1. Their son, 
(4) John S., was born 1712; married (?) May not Captain 
Thomas Smith, of Kingston Parish, Gloucester County (who mar- 
ried Dorothy Armistead in 1755) have been the grandson of (4) 
John S. ? 

The destruction of Gloucester County records by fire in 1820, 
makes a gap that cannot be filled, except by records in Bibles, and 
unfortunately the Bible of Captain Thomas Smith was burned or 
lost in some way. 

The search for Dorothy Armistead has been as exhausting 
and futile as the gap in the Smith line. The tradition that she 
was of the Hesse family has come down from father to son or 
daughter, to the present generation. John Armistead the Coun- 
cillor had only two sons, William and Henry. Henry inherited 
Hesse. He mairried Martha Burwell about 1702 or 3, and had 
two sons, William and Robert, whose children and grandchildren 
are recorded in this volume. There is no Dorothy among them. 
We find Dorothy frequently among the Ralph Armistead line, 
which we give below, but none of the Dorothy Armisteads agree 
with the date of her marriage to Thomas Smith, which was about 
1753. Her second son, Armistead, was born 1756. 

Ralph Armistead patented in 1678 forty-eight acres of land in 
Kingston Parish. He may have been a nephew of the emigrant. 

This Kingston branch of the Armisteads intermarried with 
the Gwyns, of Gwyn Island* (which is opposfte Hesse, on the 
Pianketank), the Reades and the Buckners. 

* Humphrey Gwynn owned and occupied Gwynn's Island in 1776^ 
when Lord Dunmore made it his temporary home. 

The Armistead Family 79 

The following aire entries from Kingston Parish register, 
IMathews, formerly Gloucester County : 

Anne, dau. of Robert and Catherine Armistead, born Oct. 
I7tn, i,j6. 

Anne, dau. of John and Anne Armistead, b. April ist 1769. 

Ralph, son of Richard and Elizabeth Armistead, born June 
loth, 1769. 

Francis, son of Currill and Margaret Armistead, b. Dec. 8th, 

Wm., son of William and Mary Armistead, b. Oct. 26, 1769, 

Dorothy Reade, dau. of Geo. and Lucy Armistead, born May 
23rd, 1775. 

Mr. Starkey Armistead and Miss Mary Tabb were married 
June 19th, 1773. 

The following notes are inserted here : 

Daniel C. Armistead, b. 185 1, of Norfolk, is the son of George 
Reade Armistead, b. 1808. George Reade A. was the son of 
Francis Armistead and Elizabeth Buckner, who were married in 
1798. Four of their sons were Thos. Buckner, Geo. Reade, John 
Patterson and Francis, and daughter Lucy. 

Francis Armistead, sori of George Reade A. and Lucy Palmer, 
his wife, b. 1773. 

Dorothy Reade Armistead, dau. of George Reade A. and Lucy 
Palmer, his wife, b. May 23rd, 1775. 

Francis Armistead, of Mathews, married Dorothy Reade, Feb. 
2nd, 1766. Dorothy Reade was the widow of Captain Gwyn 
Reade, eldest son of Benjamin Reade, who, in 1691, deeded the 
site of Yorktown. 

The assessor's books of Gloucester County, in 1791, show 
lands assessed to Churchill Armistead, Wm. Armistead's estate, 
John Armistead, ' Jr., Dorothy Armistead, Robert Armistead, 
Richard Armistead, and Currill Armistead's estate. 

In Virginia Gazette, 1768, Dorothy Armistead and Robert 
Reade advertised as executors of Captain G\vyn Reade. 

The marriage of Thomas Smith and Dorothy Armistead i.-? 
settled both by tradition and the following: 

8o The Armistead Family 

Mathews County, Kingston Parish Register : 
"Armistead, son of Thomas and Dorothy Smith, was born 
Dec. 1st, 175O. 

"Teste: Thomas James, 

K. R." 

Captain Thomas Smith, of "Beechland," married his first wife, 
Dorothy Armistead, about 1753. Their first son was Thomas, 
the next Armistead. These two brothers were students at Wil- 
liam and Mary in 1776, and with several others founded the Phi 
Beta Kappa Society at that college, the first Greek letter fraternity 
in this country. Thomas Smith married, second, December 26, 
1 77 1, Ann Plater, of an old Maryland family. No children by 
this marriage. During her widowhood she made her home with 
her husband's eldest son's widow, Rosamond Lilly Deans Smith. 
Her portrait, in blue velvet, was given to Mrs. William Hubard, 
and has descended to Mrs. John Lloyd, her daughter 

Capt. Thos. Smith's will (William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 
VL, No. 4), dated Kingston Parish, Feb. nth, 1789, names sons 
Thomas and Armistead; daughters, Susannah S. and Elizabeth 
Buckner, and Anne Armistead's children. 

Teste: Anthony Morton. 

Richard Armistead. 

His daughter Anne, who married — •- — Armistead, had 

died, leaving children. Richard Armistead was Anne's husband's 
brother, as we found elsewhere. 

Armistead Smith married Martha Tabb, of Seaford, Glouces- 
ter County, January 13, 1780. She was the daughter of Edward 
Tabb and Lucy Todd, his wife. The children of Armistead Smith 
and Martha Tabb: 

1. Plarriet^ Smith married Captain William Todd, November, 

2. Lucy- Armistead Smith married Thomas Tabb, of Todds- 
bury, December 15, 1803. Their daughter, Maria^ Tabb, mar- 
ried William H. Hubard, an artist of note. Their daughter mar- 
ried Rev. John Lloyd, of Southern Virginia Diocese. 

The Armistead Family Si 

John^ Tabb (son of Thomas Tabb and Lucy Armistead Smith, 
his wife,) married Margaret, and had Margaret, Lucy, Maria, 
and John. 

George^^ Tabb (son of Thos. T. and Lucy Armistead Smith, 
his wife,) married Mary Randolph, and had Ellen T., who mar- 
ried Lane ; Kate Tabb, who married Robinson. 

Continuing, the children of Armistead Smith and IMartha Tabb, 
his wife: 

3. Thomas^ Armistead Smith, of Woodstock, unmarried. 

4. Elizabeth Gary- Smith married Ghristopher Tompkins, 
May 8, 1806. 

5. Philip- Armistead Smith, while taking a sea voyage for his 
health, was shipwrecked off the Isle of Pines, and confined in a 
dungeon until released by the United States Government. He 
soon died. 

6. Edward- Tabb Smith. 

7. Pauline^ Smith. 

8. William Patterson^ Smith. 

William Patterson^ Smith married Marian Andrea Morson 
Seddon, daughter of Thomas Seddon and Susan Pierson Alex- 
ander, his wife. Issue : Martha Tabb S., first wife of Gol. Wm. 
Todd Robins, of Gloucester County, Va. ; Anne Seddon Smith, 
married Col. Isaac Howell Carrington, of Richmond, Va. ; Thomas 
Armistead Smith, of Glen Roy ; William Alexander Smith ; Mar- 
ian Morson Smith; Sallie Bruce Smith, married Wm. J. Mann, 
of Fauquier. 

Elizabeth Tabb (daughter of Edward Tabb, and sister of 
Martha Tabb, who married Rev. Armistead Smith,) married John 
Patterson, of England, founder of 'Toplar Crove," Mathews 
County, Va. They had Maria, second wife of Christopher Tomp- 
kins, and Elizabeth, first wife of Thomas R. Yeatman. This John 
Patterson was pronounced one of the most cultured, elegant men 
of that time. 

Anne Seddon Smith (daughter of William Patterson Smith 
and Marian Seddon, his wife,) married Col. Isaac Howell Car- 
irington, of Richmond, Va., son of Paul S. Carrington and Emma 

82 The Armistead Family 

Cabell, his wife. Issue of above marriage: 

Heyward Carrington, died when sixteen. 

Nannie Seddon C, died in infancy. 

Marian C, died in infancy. 

Malcolm Carrington. 

Mary Coles Carrington. 

Seddon Carrington. 

Margaret Cabell Carrington. 

Mrs. Carrington has beautiful crayon portraits of her father, 
Patterson Smith, and his parents, Armistead Smith and Martha 
Tabb, his wife, done by Sharpless, the distinguished English 
artist. Also an oil portrait of Mr. Patterson Smith's two beau- 
tiful daughters, Anne and Martha, with their brother, Thomas 
Smith, of Glen Roy, Gloucester, seated between them. This was 
done by Wm. H. Hubard. Mrs. Carrington has two life-size St. 
Memin's of Col. Robert Gamble, her husband's great-grand- 
father, and of Judge Wm. H. Cabell of the Supreme Court of 
Virginia and Governor of Virginia. 

Ralph Armistead, who came to Gloucester 1678, and must 
have been closely related to John A., the Councillor of the Hesse 
estate, as he settled in Gloucester, had a son Francis Armistead, 
who was to be uncle Francis' heir in case his uncle's children, 
John, one year old, and Oilizabeth, two years old, should die. 
(Quarterly, Vol. VI.) 

May not this Francis have been the father of Dorothy Armi- 
stead who married Thomas Smith about 1753? Her second son, 
Armistead, was born 1756. Dorothy Armistead must have been 
born about 1733. 

Thomas Smith (eldest son of Thomas Smith and Dorothy, 
his wife,) married Rosamond Lilly Deans, of Mid Lothian, Glou- 
cester County, a very beautiful and wealthy girl. No children by 
this marriage. She married three times. 

Todd Family. 

The emigrant, Thomas Todd, patented land in Elizabeth City 
County in 1664. He settled later in Gloucester County, and built 

The Armistead Family 83 

"Toddsbury," that quaint and beautiful colonial home, still one 
of the show places of Gloucester. Anne Todd, granddaughter 
of the emigrant Thomas, married Mordecai Cooke, of Wareham, 
Gloucester, son of the first Mordecai, who was called "staunchest 
of all the King's men of Gloucester." He it was who declared he 
would take a wife of the maids to be sent for wives to the colony 
in 1621. The story of one of these maids has been woven into a 
fascinating romance, "To Have and To Hold," by Mary Johnston. 
Sir Mordecai swore he must have his choice. When the news 
came of the arrival of the ship's cargo he was chasing a red fox, 
and yelled, "The red fox first, then the maid!" but he dispatched 
a messenger to the captain of the ship, promising two hogsheads 
of the fairest Virginia tobacco if he would "batten the hatches 
and keep the maids close till the fox was caught." Joan Constable 
was his choice; a beautiful Jewess with auburn hair. 

Thomas Todd, of Toddsbury, the emigrant, married Ann Gor- 
such. Issue: Thomas Todd, married Elizabeth. Thomas Todd 
was Justice of the Peace of Gloucester, 1698- 1702. His daughter, 
Anne, married Mordecai Cooke, of Wareham. His son, Thomas, 
went to Maryland, married Elizabeth, and had Thomas, of Todd's 
Neck, Baltimore County, Maryland, who married Eleanor Dorsey, 

Elizabeth Smith, of Shooter's Hill, born April 25, 1701, mar- 
ried Christopher Todd, of Toddsbury. Their daughter, Lucy 
Todd, married Edward Tabb. Their daughter, Martha Tabb, 
married Armistead Smith. 

The children of Edward Tabb and Lucy Todd are: Martha, 
married Armistead Smith; Philip, of Toddsbury, married Marv 
Mason ; Thomas, of Seaford ; Elizabeth, married John Patterson 
(born 1760) ; Paulina (liorn 1766) ; married G. W. Booth ; 
Mary, married John Wyatt. 

To Bishop Madison of Virginia: 

"Ware, July 2nd, 1792. 
"Right Reverend and Dear Sir: 

"This will be presented you by the Rev. Armistead Smith, who 
is a candidate for holy orders. He has acted as a probationer in 

84 The Armistead Family 

the churches of Kingston much to the satisfaction of the audi- 
ence who will gladly receive him as their minister if you should 
think proper to ordain him. The inconvenience the inhabitants 
of this Parish have labored under from a succession of unworthy 
pastors who were strangers, prate powerfully in favor of Mr. 
Smith who is a native of the place, of known and approved con- 
duct among them from his infancy. 

"Further requests are before you, Right Rev. and Dear Sir — 
I still only add that if you think proper to introduce Mr. Smith 
into the church, you will meet the wishes of a numerous and ex- 
pecting people, destitute of a spiritual guide. 

"With sentiments of real regard, I am Right Reverend Sir, 
afifectionately and sincerely yours, 

"James Maury Fontaine." 

"The Right Rev. Dr. Madison, Bishop of Virginia: 

"Sir, — The Parish of Kingston having become vacant by the 
late death of the Rev. James McBride, we whose names are here- 
with subscribed being members of the Vestry of the Parish of 
Kingston and anxious for the prosperity of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, do conceive it our bounded duty forthwith to an- 
nounce it to you as its divine Head and benefactor in order that 
this vacancy be supplied. We sincerely lament that we have so 
long experienced its gradual decline since the death of the Rev. 
James McBride. Yet fondly hope under the favor of Heaven 
and you our guardian, friend and protector, together with the 
joint exertions of a virtuous clergy again to see its day of pros- 
perity return. It concerns us truly to relate that we have been 
too often unfortunate in its appointment of clergymen hereto 
fore to fill the sacred ofiice, and having attributed its decline 
to our want of a thorough knowledge of their breeding, generrd 
conduct and fitness to serve us — to supply them this defect ii 
future and to guard against its dreadful consequences, we shall 
presume to nominate and recommend Mr. Armistead Smith for 
holy orders, who is a gentleman independent in his circumstances, 
is well known to us and was born and bred amongst us and is 
exemplary in his conduct. In the private walks of life we 

The Armistead Family 85 

highly esteem him for his steady regard and attachments to 
the interests of our Church, we have the greatest confidence in 
his sobriety, integrity, moral rectitude. We strongly recom- 
mend him to your notice. He being then the object of our 
choice, we sincerely hope that no obstacles be thrown in his way 
in procuring the needful to enable him to make himself useful to 
ourselves and a numerous people in the discharge of his sacred 
duties. With the greatest regard we are your obedient and hum- 
ble servants. 

"Thomas Smith^ 
"James Jones^ 
"Joel Foster^ 
"Robert Gary, 
"George Armistead, 
"Thoaias Smith, Jr., 
"Thomas Tabb."'' 

XoTE. — These letters were copied from letters in the posses- 
sion of Miss Sallie Tompkins, formerly of Gloucester County, 
now of Richmond, Va., which letters were copies of the originals. 

Copied from the tombstone of the Rev. Armistead Smith at 
Toddsbury, Gloucester County. The families of Tabbs, Todds 
and Smiths are buried here. 

Sacred to the Memory of 

of Mathews County 

who after having faithfully served God 

in the Gospel of His Son 

departed this life 

September 12th 1817 

age 60 yrs 9 m. 12 days 

If sincerity in friendship — a heart glowing with 

true piety, benevolence and charity have 

a claim to everlasting regard, the 

memory of the deceased will 

be fondly cherished 

86 The Armistead Family 

Booth, Buckner, Reade, Armistead. 

There were Booths who came early to Virginia and settled 
in York and Gloucester Counties. Thomas Booth, from Barton, 
Lancastershire, England, where he was born in 1663, settled on 
Ware River, Gloucester County, where he died in 1736. He was 
the son of St. John Booth, who was son of John, the son of 
George Booth. George B. was also the father of William B. 
who was the father of George, first Lord Delamere, who was 
the father of Henry Booth, Earl of Delamere {Macaulay's His.). 
Thomas Booth, emigrant, married Mary, daughter of Mordecai 
Cooke, of Mordecai's Mount. Their tombs, with Arms, are at 
Jarvis Farm, Glo'ucester County, Va. They had ten children. 

Adam B. married Thomas Reade. Isabella B., born 1704, 
married, first, Rev. John Richards; second. Rev. John Fox. 

Elizabeth B. married Davis. Mary B. married John 

Perrin. Dr. George B. married Frances . Mordecai 

B. married Joyce Armistead. Booth B. married Mary Mason 
Wythe; his son, George B., born 1772, married, first, Pauline 
Tabb; second, Mary Jones. Issue: Frances B. married Warren 
T. Talliaferro and had William Booth Talliaferro, major C. S. A. 

Thomas Booth, student at William and Mary, 1 699-1 701, 
justice and sheriff 1732, will made and probated in Hanover 
County, St. Paul's Parish, married first, Anne Buckncr, and 
"had George, known as George of Poropotanke, who married 
Mary Talliaferro, Issue: Thomas Booth, sheriff in 1795; who 
married, first, Mary Ann Allen, daughter of Richmond Allen. 

There were two emigrants of the name — John, in Gloucester, 
and Philip, in Stafford,— presumably brothers. John Buckncr 
is believed to have married a Miss Cooke, and had William 
Buckner, of Yorktown ; Thomas and John Buckner, of Glou- 
cester, and Richard, of Essex, who married Elizabeth Cooke. 
Of these. Major Thomas, of Gloucester, married Sarah, daughter 
of Captain Francis Morgan ; issue, among others, Anne Buckner, 

The Armistead Family &y 

who married Thomas Booth; issue: George Booth, of PoropD- 

Kingston Parish Arm i steads 
It is recorded that Ralph Armistead patented lands in Kings- 
ton parish in 1678. Mr. Tyler says he might have been a son 
of the emigrant, William Armistead ; if so, why was he not men- 
tioned in deeds and will with his other three sons? It seems 
more probable that he was a nephew or cousin of the emigrant, 
who came in 1635. Copying from Mr. W. S. Appleton's record 
of the "Family of Armistead" : "Francis Armistead, of Mathews 
Court House, wrote, in 1894, that he was eighty-four years old, 
and son of Ralph A., who died about 1820, age about sixty-five, 
and that his father had brothers, Robert, William and John. 
From Kingston parish register we learn that Ralph, son of Rich- 
ard and Elisabeth A., was born June loth, 1769 ; evidently the 
father of Francis." 

These Armisteads of old Kingston parish intermarried with 
the Gwynnes, of Gwynne's Island, and the Reades. (See Glou- 
cester Cary section for this Armistead line.) 

From the Kingston records we have "George Reade Armi- 
stead married Lucy Palmer ; issue : Francis Armistead, born 
1773, married Elisabeth Buckner (niece of Armistead Smith) in 
1798; issue, ten children. Four of the sons were: Thomas Buck- 
ner Armistead, George Reade Armistead, John Patteson Armi- 
stead, Francis Armistead; daughter, Lucy Armistead. 

Thomas Buckner Armistead married "the beautiful Harriet 
Allen Booth" about 1830. Issue: only one child, Thomas Buck- 
ner Armistead, born July 18, 1832, at Myrtle Grove on East 
River, Gloucester County, who married Mary Jane Walthall, of 
Mecklenburg County, Va., October 18, 1858, daughter of Fran- 
cis Lockett W^althall and Sarah Frances, his wife. Issue : Mary 
Jane, Sarah, Catherine, Nina, Frederika Mott, Thomas Buckner 
Armistead died when young, and Margaret Booth Armistead, 
who married Louis John Heindl, of Richmond, Va., January 14, 
1892. Issue : Constance, Louis Armistead, Margaret Booth, 
Mary Caroline (died), Thomas Armistead, Frances Buckner, 

88 The Armistead Family 

Louise Chesrown, William Sclater, Francis Walthall, Christo- 
pher Tompkins. 

Harriet Allen Armistead married William John Tucker, 
of Frederick, Maryland, now living in Atlanta, Ga. Issue: Wil- 
liam Armistead Tucker. 

Frances Wilson Armistead married Edwin Courtney Shield, 
from Richmond, Va. Issue: Mary McCabe Shield. 

Tomasia Buckner Armistead married, January 14, 1901, Rob- 
ert Browning Rood, born at Great Barrington, Mass., now liv- 
ing in Berkshire Hills, Mass. Issue: (i) Robert Pelton Rood, 
born January 24, I902;~died October 28, 1906; (2) Armistead 

Nannie Louise Armistead married Elias Chesrown, of Pitts- 
burg, Pa., November 24, 1898; died March 2, 1906, leaving a 
daughter, born March i, 1906, named Virginia Louise Armi- 
stead Chesrown. 

Francis Walthall Armistead married Marie Fisher from 
Staten Island, June, 1906. 

The father of Thomas Buckner Armistead, only son '>f 
Thomas Buckner Armistead and Harriet Allen Booth, died when 
he was six days old ; his mother, who was famed for beauty and 
wealth, married, second. Dr. , who proved most un- 
worthy. He sold whatever property he had power over, and 
left her while they were living in Washington. She died when 
her son was only twelve years old. His uncle, Thomas Booth, 
took charge of him and raised him as his own child, at "Rose- 
well," in Gloucester County. Thomas Booth bought "Rosewell" 
for ten thousand dollars about 1834; lived there thirty year'% 
and then sold it for twenty thousand dollars to Mr. Tabb Catlett, 
whose wife was a cousin of Thomas Buckner Armistead. 

To the "beautiful Harriet Allen Booth" was left an estate of 
two hundred acres, on York River, by an old bachelor namctd 
Banks, who said "she was the most beautiful woman in Eastern 
Virginia." This estate had its residence, quarters, outhouses, 
stock of all kinds, servants, carriage and horses. 

The Armistead Family 89 


Mildred Windebank, daughter Sir Thomas Windebank, mar- 
ried Robert Reade, Esq., of Yorkshire, England. Their son, 
George Reade (Honorable), who came to Virginia in 1637, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Martain (Martian), of Belgium, daughter of Cap- 
tain Nicholas Martian. Issue : Mildred R., Elizabeth R., Robert 
R. Benjamin R., Margaret Reade. 

Mildred Reade married, about 1665, Col. Augustine Warner, 
of Warner Hall, Gloucester; Speaker of the House, 1675; mem- 
ber of Council until his death in 1681. 

Elizabeth Reade married Captain Thomas Chismon about 
1675. Issue: (later.) 

Margaret Reade married Thomas Nelson. They were the 
grandparents of General Thomas Nelson. 

Robert Reade married Mary Lilly, granddaughter of John 
Lilly and Dorothy Wade, daughter of Armiger Wade and his 
wife, the heiress of Malson of York. 

Benjamin Reade married Lucy Gwynn, of Gwynn's Island. 
Issue : Gwynn Reade, of Kingston Pairish, Gloucester County 

(now Mathews) who married Dorothy . After Gwynn's 

death, Dorothy married Francis Armistead on February 2, 1766. 

Mildred Reade, daughter of Benjamin Reade and Lucy 
Gwynn, married John Gwynn. 

In 1610 Captain Owen Gwinn is in the list of "Lords, E:s- 
quires, and Gentlemen" who came to America under the third 
charter in 161 1. He had been knighted. Married Grace Wil- 
liams. Their son, Hugh Gwinn, was burgess in 1652- to 1690; 
prominent as vestryman 1652 to 1677 with Gwinn Reade, Cap- 
tain Thos. Smith, and others. 

Charlotte, Prince Edward and Cumberland Armisteads. 

After our correspondence with Mr. Louis L. Armistead, of 
Lynchburg, when it was settled that his ancestor and William 
Blair Armistead's were brothers and that Dr. Jesse Armistead, 

go The Armistead Family 

of Cumberland, was a cousin of his father, it was apparent that 
the three above mentioned were descendants of one progenitor. 
The tradition is inerradicable in the families of the two first, 
that their ancestors came from Gloucester County and from 
Hesse. This latter was proved a mistake. In our dilemma we 
appealed to Dr. Lyon G. Tyler (always so generous with his in- 
formation) in, regard to the descent of Dr. Jesse Armistead's 
grandfather, John, and he unhesitatingly wrote that he believed 
he was descended from Ralph Armistead, who patented land in 
Gloucester 1679. (Quarterly, VII., p. 184.) He thinks the line 
runs thus: "Ralph A. (patented lands in 1679) had John (inven- 
tory recorded in Essex County, 1703) ; John had Francis and 
Ralph A. (will pro. in 1719. Francis A. was the father of John 
A. (will proved 1768), who was father of James A., the father 
of Dr. Jesse A." 

We continued our search and felt like exclaiming, "Eureka!"' 
when we came across the following statement in Mr. Willias'i 
Stuart Appleton's brochure of the "Armistead Family'' : "Fran- 
cis Armistead wrote, in 1894, that he was ninety-four years cid 
and son of Ralph A., w^ho died about 1820, about sixty-five, and 
that his father had brothers — Robert, William and John." The 
three names we were hunting — Robert and William of the Char- 
lotte County lines, and John of Cumberland County. After com- 
paring dates, we feel convinced that the line of John A., of Cum- 
berland (will proved in 1669), is as stated by Dr. Tyler, and 
that Robert and William are the above Robert and William, 
brothers of Ralph, and son of the Ralph who was brother .f 
Francis, as stated by Dr. Tyler. To state it more plainly, Robert 
and William, of Charlotte County, were nephews of John, of 
Cumberland, whose will was proved in 1669. And so at last 
the Gloucester tradition is fulfilled, and all the information col- 
lected coincides. For further items in regard to Ralph Armi- 
stead line, see "Armistead Smith" and "Booth-Buckner-Reade" 
sections of this volume. 

The Armistead Family gi 

Descendants of William Armistead, of Charlotte Co., Va. 

1. William Armistead^ married Peggy Morris, daughter of 
Samuel ;Morris and Mary Lewis. Issue. 2. William^ A., and 
perhaps others. 

2. William^ Armistead married Mary Lewis Cobbs, daughter 
of Captain Robert Cobbs and Anne Poindexter. 

Captain Robert Cobbs (born 1754, in Louisa County, re- 
moved in 1795 to Campbell County) was the only son of Sam- 
uel Cobbs and Mary Lewis, his wife. 

Captain Robert Cobbs married Anne Poindexter, daughter 
of John Poindexter, of Louisa County, Va. Issue, nine children ; 
one, Mary Lewis Cobbs, married William Armistead, of Char- 
lotte County, Va., 1806. (Mary Lewis Cobbs born June 11, 

The following data is taken from the Lewis-Cobb Genealogy 

"Ambrose Cobbs, emigrant, born about 1590, came to York- 
town, Va., about 1613. (i) Robert Cobbs, son of Ambrose C, 
born about 1620; (2) Robert Cobbs, son of Robert C, born 1660. 

"Thomas Cobbs, John Cobbs, Robert Cobbs, appear on re- 
cords of Henrico and Goochland from 1736 to 1750 — sons of (2) 
Robert Cobbs, born, respectively, 1706, 1708, 17 10 — heads of the 
three lines of the name in the United States. 

"The fact that Robert Cobbs, the second of the name in 
America, born 1620, was Justice of the Peace and High Sherii?, 
is proof that he was a man of importance, as these positions 
could be held at the time by none but the best class of citizens. 
Justice of the Peace in 1650 was a position equally as honorable 
and important as Judge of the Supreme Court at this day." 

Issue of William Armistead and Mary Lewis Cobbs : ( i ) 
John (Dr.) Oliver A., born 1807; died, 1873; lived near Lynch- 
burg; married Elizabeth Jennings, of Charlotte County, Va., 
about 1830. Issue: Mary Susan A., Sarah Anne A., Emma A., 
Bettie A., Henrietta A. 

(2) William Blair A., son of William A. and Mary Lewis 
Cobbs, born at Turnip Creek, Charlotte County, Va., 181 1, was 

92 The Armistead Family 

left an orphan when very young, and raised by his uncle, William 
Cobbs, near Lynchburg, Va., at "Poplar Forest," once the home 
of Thomas Jefferson. He removed to Nashville, Tenn. ; mar- 
ried Mary Robina Woods, daughter of Robert Woods, of Nash- 
ville, Tenn., and Sallie B. West, his wife, of Frankford, Ken- 
tucky. The home of Robert Woods was "Westwood," three 
miles south of Nashville, Tenn., on the Franklin Pike. He had 
two brothers, James and Joseph. All three moved from Vir- 
ginia to Nashville, Tenn., and were among the first bankers es- 
tablished there. Issue of (2) William Blair Armistead and 
Mary Robina Woods: (i) Roberta' A., born May 10, 1844; mar- 
ried Duke R. Johnson, November 15, 1869. Issue: 

William Ormsby Johnson, born October 5, 1870; died April 
23, 1886. 

Duke Robert Johnson, born July 20, 1873. 

James Woods Johnson, born August 23, 1875. 

Edward Lee Johnson, born June 29, 1878; died April 27, 

Marion Johnson, born November 13, 1887. 

(2) Robert Lewis' A., born May 7, 1847; married Nancy 
Minor Merriwether Humphreys, of Clarksville, Tenn., April 21, 
1875. Nancy Minor Merriwether Humphreys, daughter of Rob- 
ert West Humphreys and Mary Merriwether, of Montgomery 
County, Tenn. Issue of (2) Robert Lewis' A, and Nancy M. 
M. Humphreys, as copied from Robert Lewis Armistead's fan;- 
ily Bible : 

(i) Robert Lewis* A., Jr., born January 31, 1876, Clarks- 
ville, Tenn. 

(i) Robert Lewis* A., died June 5, 1897, Clarksville, Tenn. 

(2) Carl Merriwether* A., born November 15, 1877, Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

(2) Carl Merriwether* A., married, August 29, 1906, Martha 
Jane Foster. 

(3) Ellen Barker* A., born August 31, 1879, Clarksville, 
(3) Ellen Barker* A., married, January 19, 1904, Rev. Henry 

B. Searight, of Sumner County, Tennessee. 

The Armistead Family 93 

(3) Ellen Barker* A. Searight, died December 17, 1904, in 
Acworth, Ga. 

(4) Nancy Minor Merriwether* A., born September 14, 1881, 
Clarksville, Tenn., married, June 6, 1907, Dr. Ellis Saunders 
Allen, of Louisville, Ky., formerly of Newbern, Ala., where his 
father, a cotton planter, lives. 

(5) West Humphreys* A., born September 24, 1884, Clarks- 
ville, Tenn. 

(6) William Cobbs* A., born December 30, 1886, Pass Chris- 
tian, Miss. 

3. William Blair Armistead, born June 14, 1849, married, 
August 31, 1875, Elizabeth Hadley Clock, born May 5, 1857. 
Issue of William Blair Armistead, Jr., and Elizabeth Hadley 
Clock : 

(i) Mary Robina* A., born May 31, 1874. 

(i) Mary Robina* A., married, January 20, 1892, J. Wash- 
ington Moore, born March 31, 1867. Issue: 

Elizabeth Clock, born November 5, 1892; died November 
8, 1896. 

J. Washington Moore, born April 29, 1895. 

William Armistead M., born April 7, 1901. 

Mary Hadley M., born January 25, 1903. 

Sarah Frances M., born March 10, 1906. 
2. William Woods* A., born February 27, 1885. 

4. Julia Woods^ A., born September 7, 185 — , Nashville, 
Tenn., married, October 3, 1876, Major Thomas McDonough 
Andrews, born in Williamson County, Tenn., October 15, 1841 ; 
served four years in the Confederate army; was with General 
Forest through four campaigns ; with President Davis when 
captured. Admitted to the bar at Franklin, Tenn., in 1870. 
Issue of Julia A. and Thomas Andrews : 

(i) Garnett Stith Andrews, born at Nashville, Tenn., De- 
cember 12, 1887. A. B., University of Nashville, 1903; LL. B.. 
Vanderbilt, 1906. 

(2) Forest West Andrews, born in Nashville, Tenn., October 
21, 1880. A. B., University of Nashville, 1904; LL. B., Vander- 
bilt, 1906. 

94 The Armistead Family 

(3) William Van Roy Andrews, born in Nashville, Tenn., 
January 17, 1883. 

(4) Julia Louise Andrews, born at Church Hill, Mississippi, 
January 13, 1890. 

6. James^ Woods Armistead married Kate Washington, 
daughter of Thomas Laurence Washington and Mary Knox 
Gale. Issue of James^ Woods A. and Kate Washington : Mary 
Knox A., Laurence Washington A., John Oliver A., Kathryn 
Woods A. 

5. Mary Theora Armistead, born December i, 1854, in Nasli- 
ville, Tenn., married, December 6, 1872, James William Hughes, 
son of Rev. John F. Hughes, of Columbia, Tenn., born at Mt. 
Pleasant, Tenn., June 12, 1847. Ex-Confederate soldier; joined 
First Tennessee Regiment Infantry, November i, 1861 ; paroled 
as a member of Ninth Tennessee Cavalry, Forest Command, 
May 10, 1865, at Gainesville, Ala., having been in the army 
over three yea'rs and six months before he arrived at the 
age of eighteen. By profession a druggist at Columbia, Tenn., 
and Birmingham, Ala., until 1897, when he was appointed PosJ:- 
master at Birmingham in September, and remained Postmaster 
till February, 1905. In politics a Republican, was delegate to 
National Republican Convention, i892-'6, 1900-1904. Issue of 
Mary T. A. and James W. Hughes : 

(i) Mary Lavinia H., born August 19, 1874, died August 6, 


(2) James William Hughes, Jr., b. February 13, 1877; mar- 
ried, June 12, 1 90 1, Callie Kobb Richardson, daughter of Lucien 
J. Richardson, of Montgomery, Ala. Issue: (i) Mary Frances 
Hughes, born October 26, 1904. 

(3) Blair Hughes, born October 5, 1879; married Novem- 
ber 5, 1906, Eloise Chesley McCaw, daughter of William Robert 
McCaw and Eloise Chesley, of Lexington, Ky. 

In our search for the ancestor of William Armistead, of 
Charlotte County, we were informed of the near relationship of 
Mr. L. L. Armistead, of Lynchburg, Va., to this line, and that 
he might throw light on this subject, which he did most graci- 

The Armistead Family 95 

ously in several interesting letters, though eighty years of age or 
more. His concise style, memory, and good English were notice- 
able in this day of careless letter writing. He states that his 
grandfather, Robert A., and William Blair A.'s grandfather, Wil- 
liam A. were brothers, and married sisters, the daughters of Sam- 
uel jMorris, of Hanover, a leader of dissenters about the time of 
the Revolution ; one of the founders of the first Presbyterian 
Church in Hanover, of which Samuel Davies was the first pastor. 
Robert Armistead was living in Hanover at this time, and probv 
bly William Armistead, as both married Morrises. Besides, that 
noted patriot and Presbyterian, Caleb Wallace, went from there 
to Charlotte County as pastor of the Charlotte Church. It was 
he who wrote those petitions of Hanover Presbytery, which are 
among the great papers of American history. He became the 
first Chief Justice of the State of Kentucky. It is presumed 
that it was through the influence or friendship of William A. 
that Caleb Wallace went to Charlotte County, where William A. 
settled. It is stated by Mr. L. L. Armistead that Robert A., his 
grandfather, was a resident of Hanover County, bringing his 

wife, Morris, with him to Charlotte. The father of 

L. L. Armistead was Samuel, son of Robert A. and 

Morris, his wife. Samuel Armistead married twice — first, a 
daughter of General Joseph Martin, of Henry County, Va., who 
was commissioned by the United States to treat with the various 
Indian tribes in the Southern States. The issue of this marriage 
three 50ns : Henry, M. A., Joseph M. A., and Samuel A. Henry 
A. married Marcia Lambeth, a widow ; nssue : Samuel A. and 
three daughters. Joseph A. married Martha Phillips, of Yazoo 
River, and County, Mississippi. Her father, Maj. Wm. Phillips, 
distinguished himself in the battle of New Orleans under An- 
drew Jackson; war of 1812. Issue of this marriage, two sons. 
The younger died in infancy; the elder, William P. Armistead, 
belonged to the Eighteenth Mississippi Regiment ; was noted for 
his bravery during the war. Samuel Armistead married Frances 
Cobbs, of Campbell County, Va. ; issue : a daughter. 

Samuel Armistead, son of Robert A. and Morris, 

o6 The Armistead Family 

his wife, married, second, Nancy Madison, daughter of Henry 

Madison, and White, of Charlotte County. He died 

when ninety-four years old. Nancy Madison was the youngest 
of eleven children. Issue of this second marriage: (i) Katha- 
rine Penn A., married Benjamin Wyatt, of Charlotte County, 
Va. (2) Martha A., married D. W. Williamson, of Charlotte 
Co. (3) Lucy Claiborne A., married Bryce A. Martin, of Henry 
County. (4) Harriet Pendleton A., married Thomas D. Wil- 
liamson, of Charlotte County. (5) Sarah Madison, married 
Hezekiah Font, of Charlotte County. (6) Justina C. A., married 
Rev. Robert C. Anderson, of Prince Edwa'rd County. Issue: 
five sons and five daughters ; only one died. Of the sons, three 
are lawyers, two of whom, Samuel and James L., are successful 
practitioners in Richmond, Va. ; one a clergyman, one a physi- 
cian. Their mother is eighty-four, and in good health (1910). 

7. James Madison A. (deceased five years ago) married 
twice — first, the widow Slaughter, a cousin ; second, Fanny Step- 
toe. No issue. 

8. Louis L. Armistead married Nannie Bryce Mitchell, 
daughter of Rev. Jacob D. Mitchell, D. D. The eldest child of 
this marriage, Harriet M. Armistead, married Rev. J. A. Mc- 
Murray, pastor of Floyd Street Presbyterian Church in Lynch- 
burg, Va. Issue: two children — Lewis Armistead McMurray, 
Charlotte Boyd McMurray. 

The son of L. L. Armistead and Nannie Bryce Mitchell is 
Jacob D. Mitchell Armistead, Ph. D., Professor at Agnes Scott 
College, Decatur, Ga. 

In Quarterly, VII., page 184, it is stated that Rev. Jesse Scott 
Armistead was the son of James A., who was the son of John 
A., of Cumberland County, whose will was recorded there March 
27, 1769, and names children — William, John, Francis, Thadeus, 
and daughters — Sarah Russell, Elizabeth Bradshaw, Hannah 
Armistead, Mary, Fanny, Nancy, wife now with child (James). 
Son-in-law, Josiah Bradshaw, and son, William Armistead, ex- 

John Armistead, of Cumberland County, lived on or near 

The Armistead Family 97 

Muddy Creek, about halfway between the Courthouse and Car- 
tersville. His son, James, born about 1768, married Nancy Mil- 
ler. Issue : 

1. The oldest, a daughter, married Taylor. Issue: 

a daughter, who married Jones, of Alabama, and had 

three sons — James Armistead Jones, United States Senator from 
Alabama; William Armistead Jones, and Jones. 

2. Ann Armistead married ^Ir. Payne. Several sons and 

3. Arianna A. married Watkins, from Appomat- 
tox. They had several children. One daughter married one of 
her Jones cousins. 

4. Dr, Thomas Armistead married Martha Wilson, of Cum- 
berland County. Issue : three daughters and one son. 

(i) Elizabeth, unmarried. 

(2) Nancy Miller Armistead married Mr. Miller. Issue: 
two daughters — Lou married Mr. Boiling, of Southwest Vir- 
ginia; Martha married . 

(3) Fanny Wilson Armistead married Lowman. 

Issue : Elizabeth Lowman. 

(4) James A. Armistead married Jennie Madison, of Cum- 
berland County. Issue: Lou A., Martha A., Ellen A., (Dr.) 
Thomas A., James A., Blanche A., Jennie A., Madison A. Dr. 
Thomas Armistead married Miss Shelburne, of Richmond, Va. 

Lou A. married McRae. Martha A. married 

Morton. Ellen A. married Guerrant. Blanche A. married Mr. 
Morton, of Farmville. Jennie A. married Cralle. 

5. Jesse Scott Armistead (Rev.), a distinguished Presby- 
terian divine, married Martha Storres Trueheart. Issue: (i) 
Nancy Miller Armistead, (2) Eliza Truehart Armistead, (3) 
Maria Page Armistead, (4) Charles James Armistead. 

(i) Nancy Miller A. married Dr. Philip Blanton and had 
(Dr.) Charles Armistead Blanton, Jessie Blanton, Prescott Blati- 
ton, Maria Page Blanton. Dr. Charles A. Blanton married Eliz- 
abeth Wallace; issue: Windham B., Wallace B., Elizabeth B. 
Jessie Blanton married William Johnson ; no issue. Prescott 

98 The Armistead Family 

Blanton married Kate Paris, of Montgomery, Ala. ; they have 
two sons and two daughters. 

(2) EHza Trueheart Armistead married Archibald Boiling. 
Issue : Stanhope B., Blair B., Windham B., Martha B. ; all un- 

(3) Maria Page Armistead married John Boiling. Issue: 
Maria Page Boiling, married E. S. Walker. 

6. Anderson Armistead, of Lynchburg, afterwards Baltimore, 
Md., married, first, a Langhorne. Issue: (i) Nannie Armi- 
stead, (2) Jaimes Armistead; married, second. Miss Rowan. 
Issue: (3) John Armistead, (4) Alice Armistead. 

( 1 ) Nannie Armistead married, first, Edward Longhorne ; 
second, George Longhorne. 

(2) James Armistead married , and had eight chil- 
dren ; the two youngest, Lewis A., Keith A. 

(3) John Armistead married Miss Poore. 

(4) Alice Armistead married Hanson. 

7. John Armistead. 

8. William Armistead. 

James Armistead married Judith Ann Blanton, sister of Dr. 
Philip Blanton, who married Nancy Miller Armistead. James 
Armistead and Judith Ann Blanton had (i) Lucy Ann Armi- 
stead, married Mr. McGehee. (2) James Munroe Armistead, 
married Carrie Dielle. of Plattesburg, New York; issue: Addie 
Armistead, William Armistead, Therese Armistead, Ann Armi- 
stead. Therese Armistead married Mr. Charles Covington, of 

Florida; Ann A. married Parker, and had one son, 

Rutledge P. (3) William Anderson Armistead married Frances 
Anne Flippen (daughter of R. Flippen and Manerva Clatilde 
Palmore) and had a family of children, all of whom died ex- 
cept Nannie Palmore Armistead, who married James Dobson 
Crump, of Richmond, where they now (1910) reside. Issue of 
this marriage: Armistead Cochran Crump; Wilbur Palmore 
Crump died as he neared young manhood, greatly beloved, a 
handsome youth of fine qualities ; and a daughter, Lora Crump. 
Armistead Crump is now a physician practicing in New York 

The Armistead Family 99 

James Armistead, above mentioned, who married Judith Ann 
Blanton, was evidently the grandson of James, who was father 
of Dr. Jesse Armistead and son of 8. William A., the brother of 
Dr. Jesse A. Unfortunately, there are no records to prove this — 
only tradition, names and dates — which indicate very surely. 

John Armistead, of Cumberland County, Va., who lived on 
or near Muddy Creek (will recorded March 27, 1769), married 
Nancy and had John (mentioned in will), who mar- 
ried , and had son John A., born March 4, 1774; mar- 
ried Keziah Anderson, born June, 1777. It is presumed he mar- 
ried in Cumberland County, as Anderson is a name of that sec- 
tion, and a family name in James Armistead's family. James 
and John being sons of the John whose will was recorded in 1769. 

John Armistea'd emigrated to Oglethrope County, Georgia, 
in 1798, thence to Walton County, Georgia, 1820, where he re- 
mained until his death, November, 1856. The children of John 
and Keziah (his first wife) were Elizabeth A., born April 2, 
1799; William A., born July 17, 1801 ; John A., born March 5, 
1803; Nathaniel A., died young; James A., born October 2},, 
1807; Frances A., born January 20, 1810; Susannah A., died 
young; Nancy A., born October 9, 1814; Keziah '\1. A., born 
September 23, 1816. John A. married, second, ]\Irs. Amy Owen-., 
widow of Captain Owens, United States Army. Children of this 
marriage: Jesse A., born March 16, 1820; Thomas R. A., born 
September 18, 1821 ; \'irgil A., born August 27, 1823; Almarine 
A., born Aug. 27, 1825; Jabez Jubal A., born December 8, 1828. 

Marriages of children of first wife : Elizabeth A. married 
Ezekiel Daniel; died in Mississippi, 1865. William A. married 
Susan Malcolm; died in Atlanta, Ga., 1871. John A. married 
Elizabeth Falkner. Nancy A. married A. W. W^eaver. 

• Marriages of children of second marriage: Jesse A. marri^.l 
M. F. Cubreath, 1841. Thomas R. A. married Drucilla Beard, 
1841. Virgil A. married Lucy A. Chick, 1844. Almarine A. 
married Mr. Street. Jabez Jubal A. married Mary Chick, 1850. 



100 The Armistead Family 

Family Record of Jabez Jubal Armistead, -Youngest Son o? 
John Armistead. 

(Sent by Descendants.) 

Jabez Jubal Armistead was born in Walton County, Ga., De- 
cember 8, 1828. 

Mary Osborne Chick was born in Walton County, Ga., June 
12, 1829, 

Jabez Jubal Armistead married Mary Osborne Chick in Wal- 
ton County, Ga., April 24, 1850. Mary O. Chick's mother, Sallie 
Chick, was a native of England. Her father, James Chick, a 
planter and slave owner, was of Puritan descent. 

Children of Jabez Jubal and Mary Osborne Armistead : 

Frances Almarine, born in Walton County, Ga., March 8, 

Ezra Powell, born in Walton County, Ga., November 28, 

Charles Henry, born near Albany, Dougherty County, Ga., 
November i, 1856. 

Edward Ceymour, born in Lauderdale County, Miss., Sep- 
tember I, 1859. 

Jabez Osborne, born near Brandon, Rankin County, Miss., 
November 24, 1862. 

Minnie Carrie, born near Beauregard, Copiah County, Miss., 
March 12, 1866. 

Robert Virgil Lee, born near Lake, Scott County, Miss., 
April 27, 1870. 

Mary Osborne Chick, wife of Jabez Jubal Armistead, died in 
Newton, Newton County, Miss., September i, 1889. 

Jabez Jubal Armistead and Virgil Ann Gage were married in 
Quitman, Clarke County, Miss., April 22, 1896, Rev. A. B. Coit 
officiating minister. Virgil Ann Gage, born May i, 1858, was 
the daughter of Matthew Gage and Patience Williams Sanders, 
of Holmes County, Miss. 

Jabez Jubal Armistead died in New Orleans, La., June 28, 

The Armistead Family ioi 

Family Record of Ezra Powell Armistead. 

Ezra Powell Armistead was born in Walton County, Ga., 
November 28, 1852. 

Jennie Floyd Bonner, daughter of William Henry Bonner 
and Martha Caroline Wilson, of Garlandville, Miss., was bom 
December 19, i860. 

Ezra Powell Armistead and Jennie Floyd Bonner were mar- 
ried in Garlandville, Jasper County, Miss. 

Children of Ezra Powell and Jennie Bonner Armistead : 

Charley Bonner, born in Newton, Newton County, Miss., June 
14, 1881. 

Ruth, born in Newton, Newton County, Miss., at midnight, 
March 11, 1883. 

Mary Osborne, born in Newton, Newton County, Miss., No- 
vember 17, 1885. 

Jennie Bonner, wife of E. P. Armistead, died in Newton, 
Newton County, Miss., April 15, 1889. 

Ezra Powell Armistead and Ella Loper, daughter of Captain 
Frank Loper, were married in Newton, Newton County, Miss., 
October 16, 1890. 

Children of Ezra Powell and Ella Loper Armistead : 

Frank Loper, born in Newton, Newton County, Miss., July 
6, 1892. 

Kate Powell, born in Newton, Newton County, Miss., July 
10, 1894., 

Ezra Powell Armistead died in New Orleans, La., July 25, 


Ella Loper, widow of E. P. Armistead, died in Newton, New- 
ton County, Miss., October 17, 1900. 


Ruth married Orrin Smylie McPherson in Newton, Newton 
County, Miss., June 26, 1901, 

Charley Bonnor and Louise Ophelia Williams were married 
in Collins, Covington County, Miss., November 3, 1903. 

The children of Thomas R. Armistead and Drucilla Beard, 

102 The Armistead Family 

his wife (married 1841): John, Ahnarine, James, Kimbriel R., 
Thomas, Mary, Frances, Charley, Rufus, Jesse, George, Lucy. 
Thomas and Drucilla moved to Desoto County, Mississippi, and 
lived there until his death, in 1892. Their oldest son, John 
Armistead, born 1845, married Nancy Wells, 1866; moved to 
Memphis 1882, and lived there until his death, in 1904. Children 
of this marriage are: John L. A., Robert M. A., Mrs. H. N. 
Divine, and Mrs. Simon Lundee (Minnie A.), of Memphis, who 
has kindly furnished the above information of her line. 

In addition to Mrs. Lundee's statement is the following from 
Thomas Macon Armistead, of Atlanta, Ga., all of which verifies 
that John Armistead, of Cumberland County, whose will was re- 
corded March 27, 1769, was the son of Francis A, The line 
runs thus: Francis A. had (i) John A., who married Nancv; 
they had (2) John A. who married Elizabeth, and they had (3) 
John A. who married Keziah Anderson. (3) John A. was born 
March 4, 1774; Keziah Anderson, his first wife, was born June 
I9> '^777- Mrs. Amy Owens, his second wife, was born Novem- 
ber 8, 1783. 

James Anderson Armistead, son of (3) John Armistead, 
married Emily Strong Colley, daughter of Rev. Joel Colley, a 
Baptist minister, who was a Virginian by birth. They had the 
following children : 

Mary Keziah, born March 22, 1836. 

Joel Colley, born January 16, 1838. 

John James, born September 26, 1839. 

Sarah Adiine, born September 11, 1841. 

Thomas Macon, born September 21, 1843. 

William, born April 10, 1846. 

Zachariah Jabez, born June 9, 1847. 

Susan Francis, born June 2, 1850. 

Amanda Emily, born July 9th, 1851. 

Emma Elizabeth, born September 26, 1853. 

Frank Colley, born January 10, 1856. 
"Egbert Anderson, born February 4, 1859. 

Of the above, four are still living: Joel C, Thomas M., Eg- 

The Armistead Family 103 

bert A., and Amanda E., now ■Mrs. H. L. Shipley. All live in 
Atlanta, Ga., except Egbert A. Armistead, whose home is in 
Social Circle, Walton County, Ga. 

James Anderson Armistead spent his entire life upon the 
farm, and was noted throughout the country for his high char- 
acter, agricultural knowledge and love for fine stock. He died 
November 22, 1891, and was buried in the family burying ground 
at Alcova, Ga. 

"This indenture made on the fifth day of January, one thou- 
sand seven hundred and eighty-nine between John Armistead 
and Elizabeth his wife of the County of Cumberland of the one 
part and Samuel Atkinson, Jr., of the said County of the other 

"That the said John Armistead and Elizabeth his wife, for 
and in consideration of the sum of forty-eight pounds fifteen 
shillings current money of Virginia, to them in hand paid by the 
said Samuel Atkinson, Jr., the receipt of which is hereby acknow- 
ledged, have granted, bargained and sold and do by these pres- 
ents grant, bargain and sell unto the said Samuel Atkinson, Jr., 
a certain tract or parcel of land lying and being in the said 
County on Snow Quarter Greek, containing by estimation fifty- 
nine and an half acres more or less, being part of a larger tract 
devised to him, the said John, by the last will and testament of 
his father John Armistead, deceased of record in the Court of 
the said County, bounded by the lands of James Austin and Sam- 
uel Atkinson, Senior, and by a new line running from corner 
pointers in the said John Armistead's west line between tlie said 
Samuel Atkinson, Senior and William Armistead, South four- 
teen degrees. East to a white oak bush and pointers in Francis 
Armistead's line and by the lands of the said Francis together 
with all the appurtenances belonging to or in any wise appur- 
taining to the said tract or parcel of land and premises, etc. 

"In witness whereof the said John Armistead and Eliza- 
beth his wife have hereunto severally set their hands and affixed 
their seals the day and year first above written. 

"John Armistead (L. S.) 

104 The Armistead Family 

"Sealed and delivered in the presence of 
"M. Carrington 
"Elizabeth Criddle 
"Samuel Atkinson. 

"At a Court held for Cumberland County the 27th day of 
January, 1789. 

"This indenture was acknowledged by John Armistead a party 
thereto and ordered to be recorded. 

"Tscharner Woodson, Deputy Clerk. 
"A Copy 


"(Signed) R. O. Garrett 

"May 6, 1907." 

Tabb Excursus. 

Humphreys^ Tabb, married Joanne. Issue: (2) Thomas* 
Tabb. (2) Thomas^ Tabb married Martha. Issue: (3) Hum- 
phreys^; (4) Thomas^ (5) John^ ; (6) William^' ; (7) Edward^ ; 
(8) Elizabeth^ 

4. Thomas^ Tabb married Elizabeth Moss. Issue: (9) John''; 
(10) Thomas*; (11) Henry, and others. 

9. John* Tabb married, first, Mary Sclater. Issue: (17) 
Thomas^; (18) John^ (19) Elizabeth^; (20) RacheP ; (21) 
William^; (22) Joanna^; (23) Sarah; (24) Martha; (25) Mary, 
married West wood Armistead. (9) John Tabb's will dated No- 
vember 26, 1761. 

(10) Thomas* Tabb married Mary Armistead, daughter -jf 
Anthony Armistead (son of Anthony and grandson of William^ 
Armistead). He left six children according to will proved in 
1736, who, according to the Bible and the will of the widow, 
Mary Armistead Tabb-Willis-Armistead (she was married three 
times), were: (29) Elizabeth^ born 1726; (30) John^, born No- 
vember 15, 1728; (31) Thomas^, born December 18, 1730; (32) 
Mary, born December 24, 1732; (33) Rachel, born February i, 

The Armistead Family 105 

1734; (34) Martha, born April 2-j, 1738. Mary Armistead 
Tabb married, second, Mathew Wills, of Warwick. Third mar- 
riage about 1762 to Robert Armistead, of Elizabeth City County. 

(10) Thomas* Tabb, who married Mary Armistead, was 
brother of (9) John* Tabb, whose daughter, Mary, married 
Westwood Armistead. 

(i) Humphrey^ Tabb patented a thousand acres in Elizabeth 
City County in i637-'38-'56. In 1651 he had a grant for 1,000 
acres in Northumberland County. He was burgess for Eliza- 
beth City in 1652. Died before 1662, as in that year the grant 
of 900 acres on Harris Creek Elizabeth City County was re- 
entered in the name of Thomas Tabb, "son and heir of Hun> 
phrey Tabb, deceased." 

(3) Humphrey^, "eldest son" of (2) Thomas- Tabb, dying 
without issue, left 3,313 acres to William Armistead, his execu- 

(9) John* Tabb was captain, colonel, justice, sheriff, mem- 
ber of House of Burgesses from Elizabeth City County. His 
will dated November 26, 1761. He married Mary Sclater, 
daughter of Rev. James Sclater, of Charles Parish, York County. 
His daughter, (52) Mary Tabb married Westwood Armistead. 

(4) Thomas^ Tabb, grandfather of (52) Mary Tabb, who 
married Westwood Armistead, was brother of (5) John^ Tabb, 
who married Martha Hand. Issue: (49) Thomas Tabb, of 
Amelia, "Clay Hill," one of the richest merchants of Virginia, 
and (50) Edward Tabb, of Gloucester, Va. Thomas Tabb, in 
his will, proved 1769, gives to his daughter, Mary Marshall T., 
wife of Col. Robert Boiling, of Dinwiddie County, ten thousand 
pounds, current money. 

Mary x^rmistead, who married (10) Thomas Tabb*, was the 
daughter of (83) Anthony* Armistead and Anne, his wife. 

(83) Anthony*, son of (3) Anthony^ and Hannah Ellison. 

(3) Anthony^, son of William the emigrant. 

(169) Westwood^ Armistead, who married Mary Tabb, was 
the son of (83) x^nthony* Armistead and second wife, Elizabeth 

io6 The Armistead Family 

Edward Tabb, of Gloucester County, married Lucy Todd, of 
Toddsbury, Gloucester, and had Martha, who married Rev. 
Armistead Smith, and Elizabeth, who married John Patterson, 
of Poplar Grove, Mathews County. 

Anthony Armistead Line. 


Before speaking of Kiquotan, or Elizabeth City County, where 
the Armisteads first settled, we will again quote from Governor 
Henry A. Wise's Seven Decades of the Union, in regard to the 
Peninsula, of which Elizabeth City County is a part : 

"It is a land of genial climate, of generous soil, of majestic 
rivers, of fruitful fertility of fields, and of forests of richest 
frondage. Above all, distinguished for its men and women. It 
was settled by a race or stock of families the like of which will 
rarely be seen again — so manly, refined, so intelligent, so spirited, 
proud, self-reliant, independent, strong, so fresh and free. The 
family names of this Peninsular known to honor and fame are 
countless — the Armisteads, Bohings, Byrds, Blairs, Burwells, 
Amblers, Carters, Cloptons, Christians, Carys, Dandridges, 
Digges, Fontaines, Gregorys, Harrisons, Coles, Innesses, Mal- 
lorys, Nicholases, Randolphs, Pages, Nelsons, Kennons, Griffins, 
Barrons, Sclaters, Shields, Dudleys, Tuckers, Tylers, Tabbs, 
Tazewells, Wallers, Peachys, Saunders, Wythes, Lightfoots, 
Semples, Bassetts, and others no less known, from whom have 
sprung names of note in every Southern and Western State, as 
well as in other parts of Virginia. 

"There was no place on earth where the word 'domesticity^ — 
sacred to the household gods — meant more than on the planta- 
tions of the Peninsula. To guest and family alike, they weie 
homes of unaffected, liberal, cordial welcome. 

"The mother of these domestic scenes, when an affair of Stale 
came on. was a tijueenly woman — commanding, stately, whether 
at the table or in the salon, at the dinner, or in the dance; she 
could talk of stately matters with bewitching wisdom, or play 

The Armistead Family 107 

her smiling, classic wit or humor, hke a fairy, and command 
men to do her homage, due only to dignity, sense, sweetness, and 
grace. There were duties as well as pleasures ; they could ar- 
range the warping bars, turn the spindles, wind the skein, darn 
the stockings, and, walking over floors of waxen cleanness, sae 
to pantry and laundry. Ruling and providing for a large retinue 
of servants, the seamstresses kept busy cutting out and making 
clothes, ministering to the sick. The plantation, a little king- 
dom in itself." ****** 

"KicougTitan was the original Indian name. In 1619, when 
William Capps and William Tucker represented it in the House 
of Burgesses, they were commissioned to sue that body for a 
change of name. Elizabeth City was the name given in honor 
of the daughter of King James I. The legal name of Hampton 
dates from 1705 ; named in honor of the Earl of Southampton. 
We find a permanent English settlement at Kequotan as early 
as 1610. The Parish of Elizabeth City is the most ancient in 
continuous existence, while Hampton itself is the oldest con- 
tinuous settlement in America, and has earned, because of its 
struggles and vicissitudes, the soubriquet 'Game Cock Town.' 

"The oldest free school in the country still exists in this 
Parish, without a break in its history since 1634 — the Syms- 
Eaton School. There is in the keeping of this Parish, and in 
constant use, a communion service which was made in London, 
England, in 161 8. This service was given by Mrs. Mary Robin- 
son, of London, to a church endowed by her in Smith's Hundred, 
Va., later called Southampton Hundred. The first church ia 
Hampton was built on the Glebe land, now a part of the Tabb 
estate, in 1610; the site is marked by a clump of trees just north 
of the road between Hampton and Old Point. 

"The ancient town of Hampton, when an Indian settlement, 
contained 'eighteen shanties situated on about three acres of 
land — now the Soldiers' Home — a beautiful point jutting out 
into the Elizabeth River," which made a little bay or inlet be- 
tween another point — now Old Point Comfort. 

"Extending back from the water were Indian cornfields, two 

io8 The Armistead Family 

or three thousand acres in extent, cut into convenient peninsu- 
lars by the many bays and creeks that made into the mainland ; 'a 
pleasant plaine, with wholesome aire, having plenty of springs 
of sweet water with pasture and marsh and apt places for vines, 
corn and gardens.' " 

In the year 1619 were brought over the three old pieces of 
communion plate now in use in St. John's Church, Hampton. 
They bear the hall mark of 161 8. This plate has been in use 
longer than any other communion plate in the United States. 
In 1620 the first Guest House or hospital was erected. These 
houses were one hundred and eighty feet long, sixteen broad, 
with twenty-five beds for the shelter and recuperation of newly 
arrived immigrants after a weary sea voyage. 

Probably the most interesting papers that have been preserved 
of the early colonial period are "The lists of the living and dead 
in Virginia, February 16, 1624, and the musters of the inhabi- 
tants in Virginia, 1625." The list of 1624 gives a total of three 
hundred and forty-nine for Elizabeth City. After a lapse of 
nearly three hundred years, to call the name of nearly every 
man, woman and child in the parish, with the date of their ar- 
rival and the name of the ship in which they came, brings us 
in close touch with those early days. "But the toll of English 
lives that was paid is appalling," Alexander Brown says : "Before 
1631 more than three thousand English had died; among them 
as honorable people as any in our annals." The foundation of 
the first church, erected in 1610, was unearthed in 1910 by Mr. 
J. Heffelfinger, whose historical address at the three hundredth 
anniversay of St. John's Church, Hampton, July of the same 
year, adds a chapter of unusual interest to the history of Vir- 
ginia. The dimensions of the foundation are fifty-three feet six 
inches long, by twenty-three wide. Old Pembrooke was the next 
church built, and then St. John's, a flourishing church with five 
hundred and sixty-six communicants. The sites of the first two 
are owned by St. John's. 

(The above facts are gleaned from Mr. Heffelfinger's ad- 

The Armistead Family 109 

William Armistead landed here in 1634-35, and settled here 
or near by, as we hear of him as vestryman in 1646. In the 
History Building at Jamestown Exposition (1907) the Eliza- 
beth City vestry book was opened at the following entry: 

"I, William Armistead, do promise to be conformable to the 
Doctrine and Discipline of the Church of England, as by Law 

"Will™ Armistead." 

Evidently, both Williams were vestrymen of the first churcn, 
1610, as the Pembroke Church, one mile west of present St. 
John's, was "new in 1667, while the old one was still standing'' 
(Rev. Reverdy Estill, D. D., rector of St. John's). The present 
St. John's dates from 1727. From 1646, William Armistead, to 
1848, West wood Armistead, there have been vestrymen of the 
name in the parish, to say nothing of parishes in other countie"^, 
all which indicates that they were from the first loyal supporters 
of the Church. 

The Vestries of Colonial Times. 

"The vestries were the depositories of power in Virginia. 
They not only governed the churches, but made laws in the 
House of Burgesses, levied taxes, etc. The Councillors, too, were 
vestrymen. In the history of the vestries we have the origin noc 
only of that religious liberty which later developed in Virginia, 
but also of the determined stand taken by the Episcopalians on 
behalf of civil liberty. The vestries, the intelligent moral 
strength of the land, had been trained up in defense of the-r 
rights against Governors, Bishops, Kings, Queens, and Cabinets." 

"The vestries were the ruling men of the parishes — men -jf 
property and education. In communications to England, the 
clergy spoke of them as aristocratic bodies — twelve lords or mas- 
ters of the parishes. Even Mr. Thomas Jefferson and Mr. 
Wythe were vestrymen — 'they must be among the rulers/ " 

The principal seats of the Anthony Armistead family were 
on Back River. In 1697, Col. John Armistead, of Gloucest-^r 
County, made a deed (which is on record in Elizabeth Citv 

no The Armistead Family 

County) in which styling himself "brother and heir" of Wil- 
liam A., deceased, and "son and Heire" of William Armistead, 
of Elizabeth City County, Gent., "he confirms to Anthony Armi- 
stead, his brother, all land on Back River, in said County, of 
which his father died seised." "Willocks'' was the name of one 
of the estates, a very large tract, only the burying ground of 
which is now in the possession of this family. 

Anthony Armistead, brother of John A., and son of the emi- 
grant, had three sons, William, Anthony, and Robert. To Wil- 
liam was given that part of the estate on an arm of the river 
known as "The Brick House" tract. He probably built the 
house, as his descendants lived there till about 1861 ; about 1850 
it was known as "The Haunted House," as gruesome tales were 
told of the place. 

A private road divides "The Brick House" estate from "Wil- 
locks" and "The Mill" (a tide mill) which was one of the places 
owned by Anthony A. "Willocks" faces on the county road ; 
the land lays on plateau gradually rising higher, and sloping on 
up, including a woods, which was once a forest, until it slopes 
again to the broad water front of the river, flowing into the 
bay. This was the country home of 178 Robert Armistead and 
Elizabeth Smith, his wife; he also owned a home in Hampton, 
at the corner of King and Queen Street. Besides, he owned 
"Bay Tree Plantation," or "Back Creek," several miles from 
Yorktown; this he bought of Thomas Smith, father of his wife. 
Here several of his children were born (see Bible record). 

Note. — Father often told us of "The Mill" place during the 
War of 1812 — he was the youngest child, only four years old, 
so it was more from what the older ones told him, than what 
he remembered himself — of how everything was manufactured 
on the place. There was a cooper shop, a shoemaker's shop, a 
weaving room, spinning wheels, carpenter shop where rush and 
split-bottom chairs, etc., were made ; the mill, always busy. As 
we stood on the bridge this summer over the inlet where the 
tide rushes in to the mill, and looked at the heavy blocks of 
stone — part of the foundation of the mill— memory was busy 

The Armistead Family hi 

with the past : the wooings and weddings ; once two weddings 
within a week ; the births, the deaths, the merry goings-on in 
the servants' quarters, the tum-tum of the banjo, the weird sing- 
song moaning over the dead; the harvest song in the field. Ail 
the concomitants of plantation life passed in review. The old 
house was gone! The present one is built on the foundation of 
the old one, or certainly the old English-made bricks were used 
in the building, for we made a close examination of everything 
relating to the olden days. 

As before stated, Anthony Armistead, son of the emigrant, 
had three sons — William, whose descendants inherited "The 
Brick House" tract; Anthony, "Willocks" and "The Mill," and 
Robert, who inherited "Buckroe" an original Armistead patent. 
(This information comes from Major Edward Armistead Sem- 
ple, the surveyor of the county.) It is beautifully situated on 
the Chesapeake Bay, indented by an arm of Mill Creek, near 
where the old dwelling stood ; nothing left now but the English- 
made brick foundation, over grown with bushes and vines. We 
brought one of the bricks away with us. It was, and still is, a 
very large tract ; now a fashionable summer resort on the bay 
side, laid out in villa sites ; many attractive summer homes are 
already built. An electric car line connects it with Hampton. 

Robert Armistead, of Buckroe, was the ancestor of Mary 
Armistead, who married Governor Tyler. Buckroe is spoken 
of as early as 162^-' 4; at that time it was a name designating a 
section of country containing a number of plantations ; later the 
name was confined to one plantation. 

The Mill plantation was known as "The Mill" as early as 
1695, as is shown by land ofifice records: "Captain Anthony 
Armistead in 1676 patented 928 acres on northwest side of 
Back River; in 1695, 150 acres on the head of his own land, at 
'The Mill,' thence and adjoining the land of Captain Henry 
Jenkins; Captain William Armistead, 1696, 130 acres adjoining 
his father, besides 750 other acres, Back Creek and Bay Tree 
Plantation, near Yorktown ; the former spoken of in family 
Bible, the latter in a deed of Thomas Smith to Robert Armi- 

112 The Armistead Family 

stead." Mr. T. T. Hudgins, clerk of the court at Yorktown, 
writes the following: 

"Bay Tree Plantation is in the lower end of Crab Neck, York 
County, and extended in colonial times from Back Creek to 
Chisman's Plantation, and fronted on Chesapeake Bay, hence the 
name 'Bay Trees,' and is now so called. The bay front of the 
farm was and now is studded with pine trees. Temple farm is 
about one mile southeast from Yorktown, with a frontage of 
three-quarters of a mile on York River ; Wormeley's Creek is on 
the south-east of it. There is neck of land called Goodwynne's 
Neck, between Temple Farm and Bay Tree Plantation, distant 
from each other about three miles." 

All this tract. Temple Farm and Bay Tree, or Back Creek 
Plantation were owned by Lawrence Smith; Elisabeth Smith's 
girlhood home, as several of her first children were born there. 

Anthony Armistead was County * Lieut, under Lord Effing- 
ham (Lord Howard) Governor of Virginia; he married Han- 
nah Ellison, daughter of Dr. Ellison, of James City County. Dr. 
Ellison was leading Burgess in i656-'59-'6o-'6i-'62-'63, witn 
rank of Captain. "We find among the lawyers of York County 
1646, William Hockaday, Francis Willis, Thomas Bushrod, and 
Dr. Robert Ellison; all these were trusted and tried men." The 
will of Dr. Henry Waldron, 1657, bequeaths "all my Library 
and Books, whatsoever in this country, and my horse together 
with my chests of physical means" to Captain (Doctor) Robert 
Ellison of James City Co. 

On the fly leaf of one of the record books (1671-1676) in 
York County clerk's office, is written in large, bold hand : "Han- 
nah Armistead IS One of ye handsomed Girls in Virgin=^ Han- 
nah For Ever!" Probably, Hannah daughter of (5) Anthony 
Armistead and Hannah Elliason. He died before 1728. Their 
daughter, Judith Armistead, married John West of West Point, 
Va., son of Maj. John West, who was the son of Captain John 
West, brother of Lord Delaware. The license for their mar- 
•riage was obtained in Elizabeth City October 15, 1698, and there 
is a deed, dated July 18, 1698, of Captain Anthony Armistead 

g ce ca 



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114 The Armistead Family 

and Hannah, his wife, to their "Son-in-law, John West, for 200 
acres in New Kent (King William) given to said Hannah by 
her father, Mr. Robert Ellison, of James City County, deceased. 
Issue of Judith Armistead and John West: Charles West, who 
inherited 4,000 acres in Pamunkey Neck, adjoining Delaware, 
commonly called West Point. 

Virginia Line. 

The son of Sir Thomas^ West, Lord Delaware, was Hon. 
Col. John West", 1590-1659, Governor and Captain-General of 
Virginia, born in Hampshire, England; B. A. Magdalen, Oxon, 
1613 ; member Colonial Council of Virginia twenty-nine years, 
1630-1659 [on his mother's side he was descended through the 
Plantagenets ; the Segraves ; Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Nor- 
folk ; John Howard, Duke of Norfolk, who fell on Boswell Field ; 
Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk and Earl of Surrey, victor 
at Flodden Field ; Mary Boleyn, daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn 
and sister of Queen Anne Boleyn ; and the Carys from King Ed- 
ward] ; married Anne , and had one child. 

20. Col. John' West, of "West Point," Va., born at "Belle- 
field," Chyskiack, Va., 1633 (the first English child born en 
York River), died 1691, senior justice Colonial General Court; 
sat on court-marial which tried the rebels in Bacon's time; mem- 
ber House of Burgesses ; married Unity, daughter of Major Jo- 
seph Croshaw [member House of Burgesses, i659-'6o; J. P.; 
major of militia, etc., etc.], of "Poplar Neck," York County, Va., 
and had: 

John-*, Nathaniel*, Thomas*, and a daughter Anne*, who mar- 
ried Henry Fox. 

Col. John* West married Judith Armistead. 

Elizabeth Elliason, mothqr of Hannah Elliason, who married 
Major Anthony Armistead, is mentioned as one of the sponsors 
for William Randolph, baptized September 12, 1659, in James 
City. This register is written on the margin of the Randolph 
Bible "in John Randolph's hand." 

The Armistead Family 115 

(82) William Armistead*, son of (5) Anthony^ and Han- 
nah, of Elizabeth City County, was Burgess in 1693-1702, and 
major of the militia. He married several times before November 
20, 1696; first, Hannah Hines, born July i, 1673 (New Pocosin 
Register), daughter of Thomas Hines and Hannah his wife. 
In 1696 Hannah, "wyff of William Armistead, made a power of 
attorney to her father-in-law, Anthony Armistead. Maj. Armi- 
stead married lastly, Rebecca Moss, dau. of Edward Moss of 
York Co., whose will was proved in 1716. Maj. Armistead's 
will dated Jan. 5th, 1716-15, proved Feb. 15th, 1715-16, shows 
that he had seven sons and two daughters (one infant my wife 
now bears), Hannah (as shown by other records), named in 
her grandmother, Hanned Elliason Armistead's will, was the 
first wife of Miles Cary, of Pear-Tree Hall. Their issue as ap- 
pearing in Judith Robinson's will, (i) John Cary, born about 
1745; died 1795; married first, Sally Sclater; second, Susannah 
Armistead, dau. of Gill Armistead of New Kent. (2) Robert 
Cary. (3) Rebecca Cary, who married Rev. Miles Seldon. (4) 
Elizabeth Cary, married Benjamin Watkins. Second daughter, 
Judith, born after her father's will, named in her grandmother's 
will, married John Robinson, jr. Her will dated March 6th, 
1768, proved Jan. 27th, 1769, names her sister, Hannah Armis- 
tead Cary's children, and her son Starkey Robinson." 

(i) Anthony Armistead, of Yorkshire, England, married 
Frances Thompson. Issue: (2) William Armistead^, married 
Anne. Issue: (3) William, (4) John^ (5) Anthony^, (6) Fran- 

(5) Anthony' Armistead married Hannah Ellison. Issue: 
(82) William* A., (83 Anthony* A., (84) Robert* A., (85) Ju- 
dith* A., (86) Hannah* A. 

(83) Anthony* Armistead married, first, Anne . 

Issue : Elizabeth A., Mary A. married Thomas Tabb. Married, 
second, Elizabeth Westwood. Issue: (169) Westwood^ Armi- 
stead married ^lary Tabb. Issue: (172) Westwood^ A, (173) 
Elizabeth A, (174) Mary A. (172) Westwood*' A. married 
Mary Jenkins. Issue: (178) Robert'' A., (179) Westwood^ A. 

ii6 The Armistead Family 

died unmarried. (172) Westwood A's will, made Jan. 18, 1782, 
proved June 22, 1786, names only two sons. (173) Elizabeth 
Armistead, sister of (172) Westwood A., married Thomas Smith 
of York County, about 1760. Issue: Elizabeth Smith and Mary 
Smith. Elizabeth Smith married her cousin (178) Robert Armi- 
stead ; Mary Smith married Mr. Young of Scotland. Issue : 
Thomas and Charles. 

(169) Westwood Armistead who married Mary Tabb, had 
one son,. (172) Westwood A., and two daughters, (173) Eliza- 
beth and (174) Mary. Elizabeth A. married Thomas Smith of 
York; Mary A. married Dr. Matthew Pope of Yorktown, sur- 
geon in the English Army. During the Revolution he became 
surgeon in the American Army. 

Note. — During the Revolutionary War the editor's grand- 
mother, Elizabeth Armistead, was visiting her cousin, Robert 
Armistead, in Hanover County, who married Louisa Westwood. 
Their home was on Elk Creek. General Tarletan made a raid 
in the neighborhood, and hearing that Dr. Pope was at the hom.e 
of Mr. Armistead, entered the house. Our grandmother, about 
twelve years old, was coming down the stairway and halted mid- 
way at the approach of the officers. They demanded: "Whce 
is Dr. Pope?" She calmly replied, 'T do not know." One of 
the officers took out his pistol, and pointing it at her, said : "You 
do know ! and if you do not tell me, I will shoot you !" Looking 
him fearlessly in the eye, she replied: 'T do not know; but if I 
did, I would not tell you !" They eyed each other for a second, 
then turning his pistol, he fired it in the ceiling, saying: "You 

have a d sight of courage!" and left the house. This story 

is told just as the editor's father told it to her. 

After the death of his wife, Mary Armistead, Dr. Pope mar- 
ried Betty, daughter of Philip Grymes of Brandon, Middlesex 
County. There were no children by either marriage. 

Will of Dr. Matthew Pope of Yorktown, bequeaths to his 
brother, John Pope of Goudhart, County of Kent, England, <o 
his sister Anne Pope, to his sister Elizabeth Pope, to Mary, sec- 
ond daughter of General Nelson of York, house, furniture, lots, 

The Armistead Family 117 

in Yorktown ; two negroes to Philip Nelson ; two negroes to 
Elizabeth, wife of Mann Page of Gloucester ; to Dr. Augustine 
Smith of Yorktown, his surgical instruments ; the rest of his 
estate to his wife, Betty Pope, and her heirs; proved 1792. 

The portrait of Dr. Pope's first wife, Mary, hung on the wall 
of one of the chambers at our home in Hampton. We children 
had a kind of fear of our father's "Aunt Pope" because her 
eyes seemed to follow us, to be watching us ; a slim, stately 
young dame, in green satin, pointed waist, square neck gown. A 
spirited high-bred face, with arched eye brows, broad white 
forehead, from which her hair was piled in lofty pompadour. 
The portrait had been sabre thrust by the British. When our 
father hurriedly left Hampton at the beginning of the War in 
1861, the portrait was cut from the frame and taken to Williams- 
burg. Later, when we lived in Richmond, he took it to Elder, 
the artist, to remount ; amid the exciting scenes of that period 
it was forgotten, and when called for it could not be found. 

(172) West wood Armistead (Westwood^, Anthony ^ An- 
thony^ William', Anthony^) married Mary Jenkins. (172) 
Westwood was under age at his father's death, in 1756. His 
father, (169) Westwood A. married Mary Tabb, and had only 
(172) Westwood and two daughters, Elizabeth A. and Mary 
A. Mary Jenkins, wife of (172) Westwood A. was the daugh- 
ter of Henry Jenkins and Mary Curie. Mary Curie and William 
Roscoe Wilson Curie were the children of Wilson Curie and 
Priscilla Meade, who was a daughter of Andrew Meade and 
Susannah Everard, whose romantic marriage is so quaintly told 
by Bishop Meade, Vol. I., p. 292. William Roscoe Wilson Curie 
was a distinguished patriot of the Revolution. 

Descendants of (178) Robert Armistead and Elizabeth 


( I ) Anthony Armistead married Frances Thompson of Kirk 
Deighton, Yorkshire, England. Issue: (2) William A., the emi- 

ii8 The Armistead Family 

(2) William A. married Anne . Issue: (3) Wil- 

liam^ A., (4) John^ A., (5) Anthony^ A., (6) Frances^ A. 

(5) Anthony^ Armistead married Hannah Ellison. Issue, 
among others: (83) Anthony^ Armistead, who married Eliza- 
beth Westwood. Issue, among others : 

( 169) Westwood* Armistead, who married Mary Tabb. Is- 
sue : 

(172) Westwood^ Armistead, (173) Elizabeth^ Armistead, 
(174) Mary^ Armistead. 

(172) Westwood Armistead married Mary Jenkins. (172) 
W' est wood A. made his will January 18, 1782, proved June 22, 
1786. It names wife Mary Jenkins and only two children: (178) 
Robert A. and (179) Westwood. died unmarried. A student at 
William and Mary College, 1758. 

The following is copied from (178) Robert Armistead's fam- 
ily Bible : 

Robert Armistead w^as married to Elisabeth Smith, Jan. 8th, 
1789, being in the 23rd year of his age, and his wife, in the 22nd. 
He was born August 9th, 1766, and she was born Aug. 22nd, 
1767, she died Jan. 30th, 1849, ^S^ 81 years and five months and 
eight days. 


Westwood Smith Armistead was born June 17th, 1790, on 
Thursday, at about seven o'clock in the afternoon, at Back 
Creek, York County, and departed this life Jan. 25th, 1848. 

Maria Smith Armistead was born Aug. i8th, 1792, on Sat- 
urday, about seven o'clock in the morning, in Norfolk, and died 
on the 2nd day of July, 1840. 

Eliza Armistead was born May 26th, 1794, on Monday about 
nine o'clock in the morning, in Norfolk. 

Louisa Young Armistead was born in Hampton. March 20th, 
1796, about seven o'clock Sunday morning, and died in July, 

Thomas Smith Armistead was born March 30th, 1799, Sat- 
urday evening at The Mill in the county of Elizabeth City. 

Helen Smith and Emilv Smith Armistead (twins) were 

The Armistead Family 119 

born at Hampton on Thursday, Jan. 22nd, 1802, in the morning. 
Helen died Alarch 20th, 1838. Emily Smith died March ist, 
1842, in Hampton, in the fortieth year of her age. 

Susan Smith Armistead was born at Hampton, on Sunday, 
July 22nd, 1804, and died at Back Creek, York Co. Oii Friday 
6th day of Sept. 1805, at four o'clock in the afternoon, age 13 
months and five days. Her death was supposed to be in conse- 
quence of croup, which appeared Wednesday before her death. 

Harriet Armistead was born at Hampton, on Tuesday Aug. 
26th, about one o'clock in the morning, in the year 1806, and 
died the 20th day of Oct. 1834. 

Robert Augustus Armistead was born at Hampton on Satur- 
day, seventh day of May 1808, in the morning." 

Robert Armistead departed this life about ten o'clock P. M. 
on Sunday 31st of August 18 17, age fifty-one years and twenty- 
two days. 

Westwood Smith Armistead, son of Robert A. and Eliza- 
beth Smith, his wife, married Louisa Moore Todd of Smith- 
field, Isle de Wight Co., Va., on the first day of May, 1813. She 
was born Nov. 3rd, 1794 (he was twenty-three, and she was 
nieteen). Issue: 

Westwood Todd Armistead, born 26th Jan. 1814, about seven 
o'clock P. M. at Smithfield, and departed this life 27th Jan. Oct. 

Robert Smith Armistead was born in Smithfield, 2nd day of 
April 1815, and departed this life the 5th day of Nov. in the 
same year. 

Nancy Todd Armistead born at Hampton loth Feb. 1817, 
between eleven and twelve o'clock P. M. 

Elisabeth Smith Arm.istead, born at Hampton on the 23rd 
of July 1818, about seven o'clock P. M. 

Louisa Moore Armistead was born about 1819-20. She mar- 
ried, the second time Nov. 24th, 1848, Richard Booker Hope, 
son of George Hope of Hampton, and his second wife, Patsy 
Booker, to whom he was married about 181 5. Issue, nine chil- 
dren — four died young. The following married and had issue : 

I20 The Armistead Family 

Elisabeth Sheild Hope married Charles Page Edwards of 
Portsmouth. Issue: Louisa, Ruth, Henry, Charles, Alice. 

Ruth Vernon Hope married Abel Erastus Kellam of Princess 
Anne Co. Issue: two children — one died in infancy, the other 
Hope Kellam born 1882, was educated at Randolph-Macon Col- 
lege, and afterwards at the University of Virigina. Ruth Ver- 
non Hope (the mother) died in 1884. 

Nancy Armistead Hope married James Nicholson of Ports- 
mouth. Issue: Nancy, James, Elizabeth. 

Samuel Sheild Hope married, first, Eliza Peek of Hampton 
in 1884. Issue: Samuel Sheild, Hope, Jr., born 1886. He mar- 
ried, second, Mary Barnes of Eagle Point, Va. 

Nancy Todd Armistead, dau. of Westwood Smith Armi- 
stead, married Rev. James Duval Coulling of the Methodist 
Church, June 23rd, 1841, son of James Matthias Coulling and 
Mary Duval, his wife. Issue : James Westwood, who died when 
he was eight years old. 

Louisa Todd Coulling, a woman of high culture and splendid 
mind, now living (1908) in Tazewell, Va., with her half brother, 
Judge Sidney Matthias Baxter Coulling. Nancy Todd Armi- 
stead Coulling died August, 1855, and is buried at Willocki, 
the Armistead family burying ground. Rev. James D. Coulling 
married, 1857, second, Mary Selina Baxter, daughter of Hon. 
Sidney Smith Baxter, for many years Attorney-General of the 
State. Issue : one son, Sidney Matthias Baxter Coulling ; he 
was made Judge before he was twenty-four years old ; married 
Lina P. Watts, daughter of Joseph R. Watts and Martha Drake 
of Norfolk. Issue: S. M. B. Coulling, Jr., Louis Roberdeau C, 
Martha Drake, and Mary Selina C. (twins). 

Mary Duval, mother of James Duval Coulling, was the 
daughter of Benjamin Duval, of Richmond, one of the directors 
to locate the Public Square upon which to erect the Capitol and 
Governor's Mansion, when the seat of government was removed 
from Williamsburg in 1780. As early as 1752 he was vestryman, 
warden, sheriff, and collector of the parish, and his name is con- 
nected with all the principal events of the early city of Rich- 

The Armistead Family 121 

mond. The family are of old Huguenot stock, that came to Vir- 
ginia in the seventeenth century. 

Hon. Sidney Baxter was the son of Dr. George Baxter, 
founder of W'ashington College, now Washington and Lee, Lex- 
ington, \'a. 

Elisabeth Smith Armistead, daughter of Westwood S. Armi- 
stead, married Dr. Samuel Reade Sheild, eldest son of Robert 
Sheild, of York County, and Mary Reade, his wife. Robert 
Sheild was justice of the peace for York County, Member of the 
House of Delegates. Robert Sheild was the son of the Rev. 
Samuel Sheild and Mary Hansford, his wife, married July, 1775. 
Rev. Samuel Sheild entered William and Mary College 1769; 
passed through the grammar grade and entered philosophy 
schools in 1771, and m 1773 received from the Faculty one of the 
two medals established by Lord Botetourt. Took orders in the 
Church in 1774; was minister of Drysdale Parish, Caroline 
County ; later became minister of York-Hampton Parish. Issi.e 
of Elisabeth Smith Armistead and Samuel Reade Sheild : 

1. Mallory Sheild, physician, married Florence W. Garret 
of Hampton. Issue : two daughters — Mary and Mallory Sheild ; 
the latter married Blair Pegram Wilson, of Smithfield, Va. 
Mary married Harvey L. Wilson, now of Norfolk. These Wil- 
sons are not related. 

2. Mary Sheild died unmarried. 

3. Xannie Sheild, married John Milton Willis, of Hampton, 
son of William Willis and Mrs. Virginia Banks Lattimer 
(widow). Issue of John M. Willis and Xannie Sheild: John. W., 
Royal W., Edmund W., Elsie Willis. 

Maria Smith Armistead, daughter of Robert Armistead and 
Elisabeth Smith, and Thomas Crawford were married at "The 
Mill," August 28th, 1814; she in twenty-third year of her age, 
he twenty-five. 

The Crawfords were a Scottish family, noted for their com- 
manding presence, great stature, and undaunted bravery ; straight 
forward and honest. 

Bishop Meade's Old Churches and Families: "There were 
three churches in Portsmouth Parish — one in the town of Ports- 

122 The Armistead Family 

mouth in 1762 on a lot in the center of the town, given by Wil- 
Ham Crawford, Esq., the original proprietor of the land on 
which the town is built." In Henning's Statutes, we find Act 
XXIV: "In General Assembly at the college in Williamsburg, 
Feb. 1752 — in the reign of George II — Gov. Dinwiddle in Vir- 
ginia : an act for establishing the town of Portsmouth * * * that 
William Crawford, Gentleman, has laid out a parcel of land on 
the south side of Elisabeth River, opposite the town of Norfolk, 
into one hundred and twenty lots, commodious streets, places for 
court house — ^market — public exchanges * * * for a town by 
the name of Portsmouth." 

Maria Smith Armistead and Thomas Crawford, Esq., had 
one son, William, born May 13th, 1816. "This William Craw- 
ford, educated at William and Mary, was a noted teacher of 
Hampton, Va., in or about 1850; was known far and wide as a 
rnathematician, and was prominently named for a professorship 
in U. S. Military Academy at West Point, N. Y. This fact was 
embodied in letters of recommendation which the undersigned 
found among papers in an old chest in Hampton before the war."' 
(Signed Geo. W. Armistead.) 

William Crawford died unmarried in 1855 of yellow fever. 
Quoting the words of one of the most intelligent citizens of 
Hampton, "William Crawford was considered the best educated, 
most cultivated gentleman in this section — in mathematics lie 
had no equal." 

After Thomas Crawford's death, his widow, Maria Armi- 
stead Crawford, married Col. Christopher Pryor — his estate 
adjoining the Armistead estates on Back River. Issue by this 
marriage : Harriet Pryor, Scaife Pryor. After her death, he 
married again ; lived in Alabama. Maria Armistead Pryor's 
brother, Robert Augustus Armistead, sent for the children, Har- 
riet and Scaife, and raised them with his own children in Hamp- 
ton. Harriet P. died unmarried after she was grown. Major 
Edwajrd Armistead Semple, of Hampton, whose father, Dr. 
Semple, married the sister of Col. Pryor, Christiana, said that 
Scaife Pryor went to Waco, Texas, when he was quite a youth. 

The Armistead Family 123 

Note. — Aunt Alaria Armistead Crawford Pryor was edu- 
cated in Norfolk. She had a remarkable talent for music. Hers 
was the first piano brought to Hampton. In an old outhouse at 
our home in Hampton was a large black oak chest, filled with 
what was then called rubbish — now would be treasures. There 
were piles of her music, printed on colored paper — pink, yellow, 
blue ; also manuscript music composed and written by her — 
mostly songs. 

When she was dying, amidst the hushed stillness of the house 
was heard the snapping, clanging of metal strings. The family 
looked wonderingly at each other; then silently accepted this as 
one of the traditional "death tokens" that generally preceded 
the death of one of the family. Gruesome tales were told us 
children of these same "death tokens" — sometimes a light, 1 
falling of a portrait, noise of falling furniture, visions of spirits 
gliding through the house, silken rustle of a dress down the 
stairway. Several days after Aunt Maria's death the lid of the 
piano was lifted, and there lay the strings in a tangled mass — 
broken and twisted. The older ones of the family have told of 
seeing this little spindle-legged piano up in the garret, as up 
there was also a queer shaped string-instrument, called a lute. 
Another sister, Eliza Armistead, was passionately fond of music. 
She was petite and merry, even to old age, when she would de- 
light us young folks playing all kinds of old-fashioned tunes on 
the accordion, which was a new instrument in those days. Our 
mother often spoke of the beautiful lace and needle work that 
our father's sisters did. She gave the editor a lace cap made by 
Aunt Helen for her when a baby, that would do credit to a pro- 
fessional. It was done on the finest net. 

Thomas Smith Armistead, son of Robert A. and Elisabeth 
Smith, married Amanda Dewees, a daughter of Mary Miles and 
Andrew Dewees, a merchant of Baltimore, October i, 1830. 
After her death, he married Mary Getty, daughter of John A. 
Getty, of Hampton, February, 1848. Issue by first marriage: 

Andrew Dewees Armistead married Dora (daughter of John 

124 The Armistead Family 

Armistead and Clarissa A. Barnum, of Mathews County), De- 
cember, 1870. Issue : Ellen, married Mr. George Steele of Rock- 
ing-ham, N. C. ; John, Josephine, Edwin, Eva, married Dr. Max- 
well Foster of Gloucester County, Va. ; Clara, Mary Todd. 
Andrew Armistead was captain of the Mathews Artillery; 
served through the whole war, and surrendered at Appomattox. 
Andrew A. was an A. M. of the University of Virginia and a 
prominent educator. 

2. Amanda Dewees Armistead was educated at Miss Wil- 
lard's School in Troy, N. Y.; married, July 16, 1863, at Halifax 
C. H., Theodoric James Chambliss, son of William Ouver Cham- 
bliss, of Sussex County. Issue: Ann, Mary, William, Dora. 
Mary and William died young. Anna Armistead Chambliss mar- 
ried, August 27, 1 891, Andrew B. Winfield, son of Dr. John A. 
Winfield, of Sussex County. Issue: one son, Bryant Dewees 
Winfield. Dora Armistead Chambliss married, June i, 1892, 
Edwin J. Freeman, son of John Freeman, of Sussex County. 
Issue: Lewis Armistead F., Edwin Chambliss F., Robert Armi- 
stead F. and Mary Dewees. 

Alexander Armistead, at the breaking out of the war, en- 
listed as a private in the Wythe Rifles of Hampton, Thirty-sec- 
ond Virginia Regiment, Corse's Brigade, Pickett's Division. 
Was killed at the battle of Sharpsburg, September 18, 1863. 

Westwood Armistead, though but a youth, served through the 
whole war in his brother Andrew's company. The following is 
from a letter of Mrs. Amanda Armistead Chambliss, widow of 
Theodoric Chambliss 

"Mr. Theodoric Chambliss' grandfather served in the Revo- 
lutionary War as colonel, I think. He had his old commission, 
with the State seal of North Carolina on it. During the Civil 
War, Dr. Abbott, of Massachusetts, a surgeon of the U. S. A., 
rescued it from the hands of raiders as tli^y were destroying the 
books and papers at our home. He thinking, from the State 
seal, that it was an important paper, took it home with him, and 
after the war returned it to us, thinking we must value such 
relics of the olden time. It was burned eleven years ago when 

The Armistead Family 125 

I lost my house by fire. So I cannot be positive what rank he 
held or what branch of the service he was in ; I think it was 

Issue by the second marriage of Thomas Armistead with 
Mary Getty : Mary, Thomas, William. 

Thomas married Mary Owen, of Halifax County, daughter 
of James ]Munroe Owen and Lucy, his wife, February 20, 1879, 
at Crystal Hill. Issue : Henrietta, Carrie, Thomas Alexander, 
Owen, Alary. 

William A. married Susan Bridges, of Selma, Alabama, 
daughter of John A. Bridges. Issue : Lidia Armistead and Wil- 
liam Alexander A. 

Carrie Armistead married, August 19, 1902, Thomas Edward 
Hodges, of South Boston, Halifax County. Issue : Elizabeth 
H., born July 13, 1903. 

Westwood A.", by the first marriage, and Mary A. by la.^t 
marriage, are unmarried. 

Eliza Armistead of Elizabeth City County, daughter of Rob- 
ert Armistead and Elisabeth Smith, his wife, born March 20, 
1790, married, August 31, 1814, John Robinson Todd of Smith- 
field, Isle de Wight County, Va., at "The Mill," three days after 
her sister Maria married Thomas Crawford. 

Note. — The editor heard an old aunt describe "Mr. Todd as 
a typical gallant of that time ; very erect, dressy and proud in 
his bearing. She recalled him in his knee trousers, shoe-buckles 
and bufif waistcoat, when he would come over to Hampton at 
the time he was courting Eliza Armistead." 

This family of Todds came from Bermuda. Mallory Todd, 
the first of the family, came to Virginia about 1760. He mar- 
ried Anne Robinson, daughter of John Robinson and Martha 
Moore. Issue : John Robinson T., of Smithfield ; Merrit T. and 
Mallory T., of Norfolk ; Mary Moore T., Angelina T., Anne T., 
and Louisa Moore T., who married Westwood Smith Armistead, 
of Hampton, brother of Eliza Armistead who married John Rob- 
inson Todd. 

126 The Armistead Family 

1. John Robinson Todd married Eliza Armistead. 

2. Mary Moore Todd married James B. Southall, of Smith- 

3. Angelina Todd married William Dickson, of England. 

4. Anne Todd married James Tucker, of Bermuda. 

5. Merritt and 

6. Mallory Todd, of Norfolk. 

7. Louisa Moore Todd married Westwood Smith Armistead. 
Eliza Armistead and John Todd had ten children— three 

daughters and seven sons. Four died in infancy — two later — 
leaving (i) John Moore Todd, (2) Robinson Armistead Todd, 
(3) Eliza Dickson Todd, (4) Everard Moore Todd. 

John Moore Todd, born October 3, 1815, married Sarah B. 
Ashton, of Maryland, October, 1831. She was of the family of 
Ashton known in English history, among whom were statesmen 
and soldiers of Colonial history. 

Sarah B. Ashton was the daughter of Col. Henry Ashton and 
Cecilia Brown Key, who was the daughter of Hon. Philip Key, 
of Charles County, Maryland ; member of Congress from St. 
Mary's County, Maryland. Col. Henry Ashton was first an 
M. D., later a lawyer; at the time of his death, 1834, Marshal 
of the District of Columbia and Supreme Court. 

John R. Todd studied for the Episcopal ministry at a theo- 
logical seminary in Ohio, and was the ;rector of William and 
Mary Parish, Maryland, for fifty years. Issue of John Todd 
and Sarah, his wife : 

1. John Key Todd, married Mary Stuart. 

2. Cecelia Ashton Todd, married Toanni Dent Starke. 

3. Ashton Todd, married Kathe^rine Virginia Small. 

4. Eliza Armistead Todd, married John Burdette Ashton. 

5. Everard Robinson Todd, married Elizabeth McGill Smith. 

6. Sarah Virginia Todd. 

7. Caroline Ashton Todd. 

8. Helen Todd. 

Children of John Key Todd and Mary Stuart, his wife: Nel- 
lie Todd, Sallie Todd. 

The Armistead Family 127 

3. Angelina Todd married William Dickson of England. His 
son, Alallory Dickson married Diana Southall, the parents of 
Julia Dickson, who married first, George T. Carroll ; married 
second, Everard Moore Todd. 

2. Man-y Moore Tcdd married James Southall, son of Coi. 
Turner Southall of Revolutionary fame. He was prominent also 
in Church and State aft'airs. In 1759 succeeded to the estate of 
his father in Henrico County. His father was Darcy Southall, 01 
Ireland, who came to Virginia in 1720 and settled in Henrico 
County.* Issue of Mary Moore Todd and James Southall : Tu •- 
ner S., Dr. James S., Nannie S., Angelina S., Diana S. 

Turner Southall married Eliza Todd. Issue : Dr. William 
Dickson S. and Turner Harrison S. 

Dr. William D. Southall married, fi.rst, Harriet Anne Shel- 
ton, of Hanover County. Issue, five children ; only the last two 
lived — Harriet B. S. and William D. S. 

Dr. James Southall mariried Louisa Tazewell, of Richmond. 
Issue: Mary Southall, who married G. Watson James, of Rich- 
mond. Va. 

Nannie Southall married Everard Moore Todd, son of John 
R. Todd and Eliza Armistead, his wife : Issue, five daughters and 
two sons; the latter died young; Ivlary T., Diana T., Nannie T., 
Laura T., Helen T. married Tazewell Taylor Spratley, son of 
Mary Dickson, daughter of Mallory Dickson and Diana Southall, 

]\Iallory Dickson's sister Anne married Tazewell Taylor, cf 
Norfolk; another sister, Lina, married Bishop Johns. 

Mallory Todd built the old Todd homestead in Smithfield. 
Here Todds, Southalls and Dicksons for several generations were 
bo:rn. It is now owned and occupied by the children of Everard 
Aloofe Todd and Nannie Southall, his wife. It was added to by 
the Southalls, and later, again by Everard Todd ; a place of un- 

* "Darcy Southall had issue Col. Turner Southall, of the Revolu- 
tionary War, prominent in Church and State. He succeeded to his 
father's estate in 1759; was appointed vestryman in the place of John 
Randolph in 1770; warden on December 8, 1772." 

128 The Armistead Family 

usual interest, stored as it is with treasures in the way of old 
mahog-any, silver, cut-glass and china, each with a history. Be- 
sides they have two beautifully painted miniatures of Mallory 
Todd and James B. Southall, great-grandparents of the present 
generation. It was a picture, about twenty years ago, to see their 
old Mammy Gracie, a tall mulatto, with lofty turban and ker- 
chief, seated at the side of the fireplace, cared for and loved by 
the second generation she had nursed. 

2. Robinson Armistead Todd married Nannie Womble, Oc- 
tober, 1852, She died in 1865, leaving two sons — John and 
Armistead Todd, and two daughters — Nannie Tucker T. and 
Alice T. 

John Todd married Eva Carroll, daughter of George Carroll 
and Fanny Wren, his wife. His children are : 

1. George Carroll Todd, born February i, 1879. 

2. John Robinson Todd, born October 11, 1880. 

3. Fanny Wren Todd, born November 26, 1881. 

4. Hugh Todd, born March, 1883. 

5. Thomas Hardy Todd, born August i, 1890. 

1. George Carroll Todd graduated in law at Columbia Col- 
lege, N. Y., when about twenty-one, with highest honor ; now a 
successful young lawyer of New York City. Married, 1905, 
Pocahontas Smith, of Markham, Fauquier County, Va., daughter 
of McGill Smith and Mary Meredith", his wife, of Winchester, 
Va. Issue: Mary Meredith Todd, born July, 1906. 

Armistead Todd, son of R. A. Todd and Nannie Womble, 
his wife, married Lily Ferrant, of Norfolk. Issue : Ferrant 
Todd, Armistead Todd, Alicia Todd. 

The two daughters are now unmarried and live in Norfolk 
with their brother, Armistead Todd. 

2. Robinson Armistead Todd married second, July, 1866, his 
cousin, Angelina Dickson Southall. No Children. 

3. Eliza Dickson Todd (sister of Robinson, both children of 
Eliza Armistead and John Todd) married, October, 1870, her 
cousin, Dr. William Dickson Southall, of Smithfield. He died 
March, 1872, leaving a son William and daughter Hattie by a 
former marriasre. 

The Armistead Family 129 

Eliza Todd was a brilliant belle of ante-bellum days. H^r 
wit, giacious manner, and sunny disposition drew around her a 
charmed corterie of friends wherever she went. At the White 
Sulphur, where, with her father, she made one of that brilliant 
assemblage of noted Southern society ; at the old Hygeia, Old 
Point, or dispensing lavish hospitality at her home, "Old Town/' 
near Smithfield ; she died in 1895 at the old Todd mansion. 

Everard Moore Todd, son of Eliza Armistead and John Rob- 
inson Todd, married Nancy Southall, daughter of Mary Moore 
Todd and James Southall. She died about 1885. In 1887 he 
married Mrs. Julia Dickson Carroll, widow of George Thoma.> 
Carroll. Issue, one daughter, Julia Dickson Todd. Everard 
Moore Todd died September 25, 1907. His widow and daughter 
Julia now reside in Norfolk. 

Everard Moore Todd was a law graduate of Harva;rd Uni- 
versity, but did not practice his profession. A sketch of his 
life may be found in Dr. Lyon G. Tyler's "Men of Mark in Vir- 

Julia Dickson, the daughter of Mallory Dickson and Diana 
Southall, married, first, Mr. George Thomas Carroll. The one 
child of this marriage, Diana C, died before she reached young 
womanhood. A lovely young girl, nearly fifteen, a blessing and 
inspiration for good to all who knew her. Julia Dickson mar- 
ried, second, Everard Moore Todd. 

Christopher Robinson, born in 1645 i" Cliesby, Yorkshire, 
England, was the son of John Robinson, and the brother of John 
Robinson, Bishop of London. Christopher came to Virginia in 
1666; had an estate, "Hewick," on the Rappahannock; was Bur- 
gess for Middlesex in 1691 ; in the Council same year; Secretary 
of State 1692. Married Agatha, daughter of Bertram Obert; 
married, second, Catherine, widow of Major Robert Beverley. 
Of his sons, John (1683-1749) was president of the Council and 
acting Governor,, and Christopher of Hewlett (1681-1727) was 
member of House of Burgesses. Christopher married Judith 

130 * The Armistead Family 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Robinson, of "The Vineyard," Harewood 
Road, Washington, D. C, gives the following: "John Robinson 

married Elizabeth . Their son, Anthony R., married 

Mary Starkey. Issue : ( i ) John R., married Frances Wade, and 
(2) Major Anthony, married Diana Starkey. Major Anthony's 
will proved June 21, 1756. Their sixth child, John Robinson, 
married Martha Moore, daughter of Merritt Moore. They had 
four children: (i) Everard R., (2) Merritt M. R., (3) Anne 
R., (4) John R. 

"(2) Merritt Moore Robinson married Anne Cooke (widow 

"(3) Anne R. married Malloiry Todd. Issue: John R. T., 
Merritt T., Mallory T., Mary Moore T., Angelina T., Anne T., 
Louisa Moore T." 

Todd Family — Dickson Family. 

"The Todds lived for centuries in Yorkshire, England, -it 
Tranby, near Hull. Some of the family in Scotland. Adam 
Todd of New York State was born in the Highlands and always 
wore Highland garb. He died in 1765 leaving a widow, Sarah, 
and four children — Adam, James, Sarah, Margaret. In Women 
of the Revolution we read of Sarah — her house was 'rebel head- 
quarters.' Washington wrote expressing his thanks and was 
asked to breakfast with her, and during the meal he arose twice 
to thank her for her loyalty.' She is buried in old St. Paul's 
Church, New York. Her daughter Sarah married a Brevort. 
One of the family owned a large slice of New York City. There 
was a branch of the family who settled in Kentucky. 

"Christopher Todd of Yorkshire was one of the Pilgrim 
Fathers and settled in New Haven, where he was an important 
personage almost from the year of its settlement. He was the 
son of William, who was the son of William, and he, Christopher, 
with his wife Grace and several children came over to America. 
What is now a part of the campus of Yale College belonged to 
Christopher's estate. Many of his descendants now live in New 

The Armistead Family 131 

Haven. Christopher bore for Arms the traditional origin of his 
name — three foxes heads. The Massachusetts branch of the 
Todd family date back to John, who also came from Yorkshire. 
He settled in Rowley, Mass., 1637, with his wife Susanna and 
six children ; was a representative in general court for many 
years. He bore for Arms a fox rampant with a dove for crest. 
Motto : By cunning not by craft. The Arms borne by Christopher 
and now by the Connecticut Todds are the same as borne by 
Todds of Tronby Park, East Riding, Yorkshire. Argent, three 
foxes heads, coupled gu. — a border vert. Qrest — on a chapeaii 
gu. turned ermine a fox sejant ppr. Motto: Opporlet viverr. 
(It is necessary to live.) 

"Mallory Todd the first of the Norfolk or Smithfield branch 
of Todds, was the son of John Todd and Angelina Mallory, of 
Southampton Parish, Bermuda Islands." 

The fact that the Arms of the Bermuda or Virginia Todds, 
and the Yorkshire, England, and Scotch family are the same, 
identify them as the same family. 


William Dickson, of the Tidewater Virginia family, came 
from Yorkshire, England. For years he kept in touch with his 
English tailor, ordering clothes and various other articles from 

the old country. He married, first, Davis. Issue: 

Richard, William, Elizabeth, Mary. Married, second, Angelina 
Todd, daughter of Mallory Todd and Anne Robmson, his wife. 
Issue: Mallory Todd D., Anne Robinson D., Diana Todd D., 
Louisa D., Angelina Everard D. 

Mallory Todd Dickson married Diana Todd Southafl. Issue : 
Mary Angelina D., Louisa Augusta D., Anna Taylor Dickson, 
William Mallory D., Julia White D., Tazewell Taylor D., South - 

Anne Robinson Dickson married Tazewell Taylor, of Nor- 

Angelina Everard Dickson married, first, Frederick South- 
gate; second, Bishop Johns of the Episcopal Church. 

132 The Armistead Family 

"The Dickson Arms granted Richard Dickson, Esquire, nf 
Stockton upon Tees in the county palatire of Durham — Lord of 
the Manor of Beverley Watertowns in the East Riding of 
York — to his descendants and other descendants of his late father 
John Dickson : 

"Arms : arg. three mullets gu. within a border engr. az. be- 
zantee, on a chief of the second three palets or. 

"Crest on a mount vert — between two branches of palm-- 

a buck lodged in front of a tree all ppr. Motto : Ctibo scd~curo." 

The Editor inserts the following communication from Mrs. 
Henry Litcfiheld West, of Washington, X). C The Bailey or 
Baker Armistead has not been traced: 


Ann Armistead, the daughter of Bailey ( ?) Armistead, mar- 
ried about 1800, George Hope, eldest son of George Hope jf 
Hampton, and his wife, Rebecca ("MeredithJ Ballard, a young 
widow. When Ann Armistead was a girl, her young friends 
were fond of joking her about not getting married. Her repiv 
was that "there was only one young man in Hampton that she 
v.ould have, and that was Mr. Hope's son George.'' George 
evidently also wanted Mr. Armistead's daughter Ann. 

George Hope served in the War of 1812. After a battle 
which was fought near Hampton, word was brought to Mrs. 
Hope that her husband had been killed, his head having been 
blown off by a cannon. The messenger was soon followed by 
George Hope himself, who told the story of how his gun 
struck from his hand, and when he stooped to get it a cannon 
ball whistled so close to his head his hat was blown off. 

George Hope lived on his estate, "Little Bethel," just outside 
of Hampton, Va. His children by Ann Armistead, who was his 
first wife, were : 

1. Sarah Armistead, born 1801. 

2. George, b. 1803; married Evelina Brown of Portsmoutli, 
Va. No children. 

The Armistead Family 133 

Ann (Armistead) Hope died 1814. 

(i) Sarah^ Armistead Hope (George-, George^) married Oc- 
tober 30, 1832, Rev. A'ernon Eskridge, U. S. N. Issue: 

1. George Burdette, born August 8, 1834; died in infancy. 

2. Ann jNIcLin, born December 2, 1835. 

3. Richard Washington, born July 28, 1838; died in Ports- 
mouth, Va., 1855 of yellow fever. 

4. Sarah Vernon, born January 13, 1841. 

(i) Ann* McLin Eskridge (Sarah^, George*, George^) mar- 
ried January 18, 1864, Rev. John Kimball, of Vermont, a Congre- 
gational minister, who was chaplain in the United States army 
during the Civil War. They lived in Washington, D. C, untd 
1868, when they removed to California. They both died in San 
Francisco; JMrs. Kimball dying in 1894, and her husband in 1897. 
Their children were : 

1. Mary (Minnie) Hope, born March 3, 1867; died June 16, 

2. John Vernon, born September 23, 1868. 

(i) John^ Vernon Kimball (Ann*, Sarah^, George^, George') 
married Marion Frances Featherstone, of San Francisco. They 

1. Hope. 

2. John Austin. 

3. Earl. 

4. Walter Freer. 

(i) Sarah* Vernon Eskridge (Sarah^, George-, George^ 
married, February 9, 1859, Wm. Henry White, son of John Sal- 
ter White and Mary Matilda Godwin, daughter of Willis God- 
win, of Nansemond County and Portsmouth, and Sarah Crafts, 
of Portsmouth, Va. W^m. Henry White was lieutenant in the 
Confederate army, and was killed at the battle of Malvern Hill, 
July 2, 1862. The children of Sarah Vernon Eskridge and Wm. 
Henry white : 

1. Sarah Eskridge, born March 4, i860; living, unmarried, 
in Washington, D. C. 

2. Mary Henry Hope, born May 28, 1861. The name of 
Henry was added after her father's death. 

134 The Armistead Family 

(i) Mary^ Henry Hope White (Sarah*, Sarah^, George", 
George^) married, July 25, 188^, Henry Litchfield West, of 
Washington, D. C., born Staten Island, N. Y., August 20, 1859. 
Mr. West, who for twenty-five years was connected with the 
Washington Post, was appointed October 16, 1902, as one of the 
three Commissioners of the District of Columbia. He is also 
the author of "American Politics" in the Forum. The children 
of Mary Hope West and Henry Litchfield West are : 

1. Ma'rion Litchfield, born June 14, 1883. 

2. Vernon Eskridge, born July 24, 1886. 

3. Mary (Minnie) Athow, born September 11, 1889. 

"The name of the father of Ann Armistead, who marrictl 
George Hope, is not known positively. My grandmother's half 
brother, Mr. William B. Hope, who died at the age of eighty- 
five, told me that he was very sure that the name was Bailey 
Armistead, but whether Bailey was the first or middle name, he 
could not say. Uncle William said that Bailey Armistead was a 
Revolutionary soldier, but his name has not been found among 
the War Department records. I shall make a search at the Pen- 
sion Office. The name of Thomas Baker Armistead has been 
found among the Hampton records connected with the same 
names as those of my great-grandmother's family. 

"My mother remembers hearing of the Seymours. The Jane 
Seymour spoken of here my mother can remember coming to 
see my grandmother when mother was a little girl. Ann (Armi- 
stead) Hope had a brother William — "Uncle Billy"— who, my 
mothers thinks, married a Miss Booker; that she was "Betsy" 
spoken of in the letter, and that his daughter was "Patsy." 
After Ann (Armistead) Hope's death, George Hope marrierl 
Patsy Booker, but whether she was the one or not, I do not 

"The deed in which Thomas Baker Armistead is mentioned, 
you probably have seen, as it is copied in the William and Mary. 
It is between Thomas Baker Armistead, his wife Ann, Mrs. 
Mary Seymour of Norfolk, and someone else. 1799 is the date. 

The Armistead Family 135 

Thomas may have been the brother of Airs. .Seymour, but not 
necessarily the father of Ann. 

"The commission as chaplain in the Navy for my grandfather, 
Vernon Eskridge, is signed by milliard Fillmore as President of 
the United States, and William Alexander Graham, Secretary 
of the Navy. It is dated ^March, 1851." 

George Hope, of Hampton, Va., was born in Cumberland, 
England, Alarch 28, 1749; married, 1771, Rebecca Meredith 
Ballard. Issue, among others, George Hope, married Ann Armi- 
stead (daughter Bailey Armistead). Issue: Sarah, George. 
Married, second. Patsy Booker ; issue, among others, Richard 
Hope, married Louisa Armistead. 

Wilton Hope, son of George and his wife, Rebecca M. Bal- 
lard, born January i, 1795, married Jane Barron, daughter of 
Commodore Barron of the Navy. Issue : Captain James Barron 
Hope, their only child, Virginia's distinguished poet. James 
Barron Hope married Annie Whiting, of Hampton. Issue : two 
(laughters, Jane Barron, married Prof. Marr, of Lexington, Va., 
and Nannie Mallory. married Richard Baker, of Norfolk, Va. 

Emily Smith Armistead (twin sister, Helen), the daughter 
of (178) Robert Armistead and Elizabeth Smith, his wife, mar- 
ried John \\'hite Keeling the 30th January, 1828. John W. Keel- 
ing v/rtS the son of William Langley Keeling and Eliza White, 
his wife, of Princess Anne County. William L. Keeling was 
the son of William Keeling who, with Anthony Walke, his friend, 
came from Cumberland, England, about 1640 and settled in 
Princess Anne County at Kempville. There is a record that 
"Thomas Walke and William Keeling were Burgesses in the As- 
sembly 1 756- 1 758. The children of Emily S. Armistead and 
John White Keeling were : Robert William Parks K., John Ed- 
win K., Thomas Armistead K., Westwood Armistead K., Thomas 
Armiftead K., Melville Cox K., Westwood Armistead K. (West- 
wood I and 2; Thomas i and 2, died.) 

Robert W. P. Keeling never married, probably inherited from 

136 The Armistead Family 

his father a restless temperament. They were both travelers, 
seeing :?iany countries. The son spent his Hfe on the seas going 
froi-i one place to another. His experiences were interesting and 
marvellous. P^inally he became blind and died about 1892. 

John Edwin Keeling, of Norfolk, now Asheville, N. C, mar- 
ried Mary Anne, daughter of Elisha Gamage, a prominent mer- 
chant and bank president of Norfolk. Issue: Alice^ K., Mary* 
K., Robert-' K., Edwin^ Dewees K., Armistead* K. 

Alice Grayson Keeling married Herbert C. Allen. Issue: 
Edwin Allen, Ethan Allen, Raleigh Allen, Margaret Armistead 

Edwin Dewees Keeling married Margaret, daughter of Wil- 
liam Benjamin Clayton and Ellen S. Davidson, his wife, of 
Asheville, N. C. Issue: one daughter, Margaret Dewees Keel- 

Melville Cox Keeling (named for a noted Methodist preacher 
to whom his father was deeply attached. He was ordained 
bishop and went as a missionary to Africa. Just as he sailed for 
Africa the child above mentioned was born), of Berkeley, part of 
Norfolk, married Sallie, daughter of H. B. C. Walker, of Princess 
Anne County. Issue : Emily Armistead K. and Harry Walker 

Emily Armistead Keeling married Ware Wainwright Rob- 
ertson, formerly of Eastern Shore of Maryland, now of Berkeley. 
Issue: Miriam R., Melville Keeling R., Ware Wainwright R., 
Emily Armistead R., Harry Walker R., and an infant. 

Harry Walker Keeling married Lucy Browning Scott, daugh- 
ter of Richard B. and Susan C. Scott, of Princess Anne County. 

John Edwin Keeling joined the Norfolk Light Artillery Blues 
in 1859; fought with the battery all through the war to Appo- 

Melville Cox Keeling joined the Norfolk Light Artillery 
Blues in 1858; was mustered into the Confederate service, and 
continued in that service until he was released from Point Look- 
out prison after the war; was badly wounded at the battle of 
Chancellorsville. He was in a Richmond hospital until he was 

The Armistead Family 137 

able to return to his command. Was wounded again at Hatcher's 
Run; taken prisoner, carried to Point Lookout prison, and re- 
mained there until after close of war, when he was released by 
order of President Andy Johnson. Returned to Norfolk ; con- 
tinued his membership with Norfolk Light Artillery Blues, Bat- 
tery B, and rose through successive grades until March, 1889, 
when he was elected captain, which position he held for eigh- 
teen years, when he was elected Major of First Battalion of Field 
Artillery Virginia Volunteers, which rank he now holds (1909). 
He has been continuously in the service of his State over fifty 
years. He is also a Mason of high standing, and a zealous mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church ; superintendent of Sunday-school 
for many years. Though now an old man in years, he is erect, 
alert and active as a man of forty. 

The Westwood Family. ' 

From the significance of the various blazons in the Arms de- 
scribed below, the Westwood family was one of distinction in 
England ; 

'"Arms ; sable, a lion rampant ; argent, crowned with a mural 
crown, or; three crosses — crosslet, fitchee, or, Crest, a stork's 
head ppr. erased gorged with a mural crown or." No motto 

The lion was usually granted only to those who had served 
in the King's service, and thus in being crowned with a "mural 
crown" (being masoned, and the >top embattled), proved that 
some of the family had fought in battle. These mural crowns 
were conferred by the old Romans on the soldier who first scaled 
the walls of a rampart or besieged town ; the cross, too, was a 
mark or attestation and only confirmed upon "officials." It is 
said "so superstitiously did those times (William 1st) think of 
the cross, that they held all things sanctified that bore the signe 
of it ; and therefore it was used religiously in their charters ; and 
this was the origin of persons who could not write their names, to 
make the sign of a cross instead. The cross as here given is 
called a cross-crosslet, or one having its limbs also crossed, which 

138 The Armistead Family 

signifies that they are to extend to the extremities of the Eschtch- 
eon. When the cross is pointed at the base, it is called 'fitche,' or 
fixed. Crosses of this description are said to have been carried 
by the early christians in thei;r prilgrimages, so that they might 
readily be fixed in the ground whilst pefrforming their devotions. 
The stork in the crest is emblematic of piety and gratitude. 
They were held in great veneration by many of the early Kings, 
and were prohibited by law f^rom being disturbed ; hence the 
storks would build their nests on the tops of castles and other 
high buildings, where they always welcomed and encouraged. 
The one in the Westwood Arms is 'gorged', or has around its 
neck also a 'mural' crown, and the whole Escutcheon would 
read : That the early members of the Westwood family were 
knights in the King's service, one of whom had been first in the 
capture of castle or walled town — that some of them had been 
pilgrims to the Holy Land, or in the wars of the Crusader-. ; 
and that they lived in castles, over which flew the sacred stork."' 

The first of the family in the Colony were Humphrey and 
Randall Westwood, who settled in York County about 1620. 
Henning speaks of Humphrey Westwood, as well as William and 
Worlich Westwood. Humphrey was one of the original com- 
pany under the charter granted by James I. and dated May 23, 

In 1622 there came to the Colony a William Worlich, age 
fifteen, in the ship Bona Nova. In 1649, 1654, 1659, ^"^ perhaps 
other years, he was a member of the House of Burgesses, and 
Lieutenant-Colonel of militia for Elizabeth City County. 

Note. — (Mr. William Westwood, of Hampton, who read eight 
or ten of the Westwood wills recorded in Clerk's office in Hamp- 
ton, is authority for the following (among them the will of Wil- 
liam Weotwood, who married Elizabeth Worlich) : He went for 
a second reading of this will and could not find it; therefore 
could not give date or all the names.) 

"William Westwood married Elisabeth Worlich. In his will 
he mentions 'daughter Elisabeth, who married George Wray, late 

The Armistead Family 


This Coat of Arms of the Westwood family was copied from a very 
old one that has been preserved in the JNIcCreery family for 
generations. It was done on heavy parchment — an expert copj' 
of the original that was brought from England. Mrs. Indiana 
Worlich Westwood Williams (now deceased) saw Elizabeth 
IMcCreery (several generations back) at work on it. She saw 
the original, but the present generation- do not know what be- 
came of it. It is not found in Burke, but Dr. R. A. Brock, 
genealogist, says he has noted other omissions of Arms in 
Burke. The McCreerys are descended from the Westwoods. 

140 The Armistead Family 

of England.' Another daughter married Thomas Wythe, father 
of Chancellor Wythe, one of the signers of the Declaration of In- 

"William Westwood, son of William W. and Elisabeth Wor- 
lich, married Mary Tabb. His will, proved June 23, 1770, men- 
tions the following children : Louisa, married Col. Robert Armi- 
stead (of Louisa County) ; Elisabeth, married, first, James Wal- 
lace; second, Thomson Mason; Worlich, married Hannah King; 
Martha, married Edward Hack Moseley, of Norfolk; Rachel, 
mairied Henry King. He also mentions James Westwood, and 
Merritt Westwood as his grandson; and Sarah, the daughter of 
James Westwood. 

"William Westwood, son of William Westwood and Mary 
Tabb, married Anne Stith. Will written in 1780, probated i^ 
1782. "At the writing of the will all of his daughters must 
have been single;" he speaks of them as "daughters;" "men- 
tions sons William and John Stith, born 1766, died in 1836, May 
i6th, age seventy-two, when W. T. Westwood, now (1900) town 
clerk of Hampton, was but two years old." John Stith West- 
v/ood was married three times, and W. T. Westwood was child 
of the last marriage, Elisabeth Stanwo'rth. John Stith West- 
wood was member of the House of Delegates in i8o4-'5, and 
justice of the peace in 1802." 

Indiana Worlich Westwood, daughter of John Stith West- 
wood, married William H. Williams. Issue : Arthur, Westwood, 

William James Westwood is another son of John Stith West- 

William James Westwood married Kate Owens William::. 
Issue: Kate W., Indie W., Mary W., Ida W., Jno. Stith W., 
Mattie W. 

Indie Westwood married James W. Sinton, of Richmond, Va. 
Issue, two children, James W. Sinton, Jr., Katherine Westwood 

Kate Westwood married D. C. Lewis. Issue: one son, Bev- 
erley C. Lewis, Jr. 

The Armistead Family 141 

Ida Westwood married \V. A. A. Brown, of Brooklyn and 
Lennox, Mass. 

Bishop ]\Ieade says that Worlich Westwood was a vestry- 
man in the early church at Hampton, Va., in 1751, as was also 
William \\'estwood, who seems to have been a promoter in 
church affairs. 

These daughters William Westwood speaks of in his will 
were called, so says tradition, "the five beautiful Miss West- 
woods." They were Mrs. Wyatt and Mrs. Mcghee of Peters- 
burg; ]\Irs. Ellzy of Leesburg; Mrs. John McCreery (Mary Tabb 
Westwood) of Richmond; Mrs. William Moseley (Jane W.) uf 

Martha W., daughter of William Westwood and Mary Tabb, 
married Edward Hack Moseley of "Rolston," Princess Anne 
County, Va. Issue : Burwell Bassett Moseley, who married 
Elisabeth Amy Boush of Norfolk. Issue : an only daughter, 
Catherine Boush, who married Dr. James Cornick, of Princess 
Anne County, surgeon in the United States Navy, afterwards 
the Confederate States Navy. Issue : George K. Cornick, Henry 
C, Byrd C, James Paul Hayne C, Elizabeth Amy Bouch C, 
Henry C. Calherme C, Philip Barrard C, Frances Henley C, 
Burwell Bassett Moseley C. 

Frances Henley Cornick married Thomas Hinton Dunn, 
born in Louisiana (great-grandson of William R. Johnson). Is- 
sue : Catherine Moseley D., Mary Robertson D., Francis Light- 
foot D., William Ranson D., Thomas Hinton D., Elizabeth Amy 

Catherine Moseley D. married Hamilton Eckenrode, of Fred- 
ericksburg. Issue : Frances Cornick E. 

Mary Robertson D. married Maurice Norvel Langhorne. 
Both died within the year of their marriage. 

Issue, as far as known, of "the five beautiful Miss West- 
woods" : 

Mary Tabb Westwood married John McCreery, of Peters- 
burg. Issue : Anne Elisabeth, William Westwood, George Ma- 
gee, Stephen Alexander. 

142 The Armistead Family 

George Magee McCreery married Matilda Werth, daughter 
of John T. Werth (who was in business with Mr. John Van Lew, 
and named a son for him.) Issue: WilHam Westwood Mc- 
Creery, John Van Lew McCreery, George McOreery. 

John Van Lew McCreery, born in Norfolk, 1835. Served in 
the Confederate Army, 1861-1865, in the Richmond Howitzers; 
married 1865, Nannie Kepler, daughter of Rev. Henry Smith 
Kepler, for fourteen years rector of old St. John's Church, Rich- 
mond, Va. Issue : George Westwood, died unmarried ; Sarah 
Hanson, Elisabeth Peterkin, Henry Kepler, Matilda Werth died 
in infancy; Mary Crafton, Nannie Werth, John, Merritt. 

Mary Grafton married, 1907, Mr. Duff Green, of Fredericks- 
burg. Issue : Duff Green, Jr., and Arianna Kepler Green. She 
possesses the miniature of her great-grandmother, Mary Tabb 

William Westwood McCreery graduated at West Point as 
second lieutenant of artillery, i860; resigned to serve in Con- 
federate Army; killed at Gettysburg, July i, 1863, age twenty- 
seven, in Pettigrew's Division. "He had often said that should 
he fall in battle he would like to be color bearer at the time ; his 
wish was granted, as he fell on the breastworks, being the 
twelfth or thirteenth man killed while bearing our Glorious 

George Magee McCreery was midshipman 1827, lieutenant 
in U. S. Navy 1839, lost in the Grampus,"^ 1843, having taken the 
place of a brother officer, Bushrod Washington Hunter; sailing 

* Mrs. Emily Gordon Batte, great-granddaughter of Lord Lewis 
Gordon, of Scotland, gave the following account of the Grampus: 

Mrs. Batte's cousin was lost on the Grampus- Her uncle, William 
Lewis Gordon, was midshipman on the Constitution^ and promoted for 
bravery to first lieutenant. 

In 1821 the Grampus, a twelve-gun schooner, was commissioned as 
one of a fleet for the destruction of pirates. Lieutenant Francis Hoyt 
Gregory commander (George Magee McCreery was promoted from mid- 
shipman to lieutenant, U. S. N., 1839). 

The capture of various notorious pirates and cargoes were accom- 
plished by the fleet. On one of the ships coming in, the commander dis- 
covered a plot to mutiny and take possession of the ship. The ringleader 

* The Armistead Family 143 

with sealed orders. The ship in which he sailed had been con- 
demned. It was never heard of. 

Stephen Alexander McCreery, brother of George Magee Mc- 
Creery and William Westwood McCreery, was assistant surgeon 
in U. S. Navy 1838, surgeon in 1852, lost in the Albany Septem- 
ber, 1854. All that was ever heard of the ship was a barrel 
with the name, Albany. Stephen Alexander McCreery married 
Mary Starke, whose mother was a sister of William Moseley 
who married her cousin Jane Westwood. 

Rachel Westwood married Henry King, of Norfolk. Issue: 
Rachel King, John King. Rachel married James Smith, a Scotch 
merchant of Dumfries, Va. Issue : Mary King Smith, Jane 
Smith, Robert Smith, Andrew Smith. (The McCreerys have a 
photo of an old painting by this James Smith, with himself, wife, 
four children ; and two miniatures, one contains the likeness ox 
Mary Tabb and her little daughter Rachel.) 

Mary King Smith married Edmund Tyler. Issue: Alice 
Tyler, married John S. Ewell ; issue : Alice Maude Ewell. 

Jane Smith married William Gadsby, of Washington. Rob- 
ert died unmarried. Andrew Smith married Elisabeth Steele. 

John King had four daughters : Helen, Jean, Lucy Erances 
Tinsley, married Mr. Kendrick, of West Virginia, Rachel We:^t- 
wood K. married John Ellis, of Goochland. 

Mrs. Ellzy, of Leesburg, one of the five Westwood sisters, 
had son Thomas and daughters, Alice, Lilly, Mary, Margaret, 

was promptly executed- He was later found to be the brother of a 
notorious pirate, who, with his ships, was at the Isle of Pines awaiting 
the expected captured vessel. When he heard of the miscarriage of his 
plans and execution of his brother, he vowed he would capture and de- 
stroy the first ship out from Norfolk, which proved to be the Grampus. 
This ship was the only one of the navy that carried a peculiar kind of 
sail or sails; such sails were afterwards seen on a pirate ship. 

Bushrod Washington Hunter, whose place Lieutenant McCreery took, 
had a very ill wife at the time of the sailing of the Grampus, and, meet- 
ing McCreery. was told his trouble. McCreery promptly offered to take 
his place. Their daughters afterwards went to school together at Le- 

144 The Armistead Family * 

Thomas Louis Ellzy married Helen Mason, daughter of Geo. 
Mason of "Gunston Hall." Issue: Graham Ellzy, M. D., who 
married, 8th June, 1870, Mary Cheston Murray, of West River, 
Maryland. Issue: (i) James Murray Ellzy, M. D., of Philadel- 
phia, who married Sarah Cheston. Issue : James Murray E. and 
Alice M. E. (2) Graham Ellzy married Mary Cheston; (3) 
Mary Ellzy, (4) Fanny Ellzy, (5) Helen unmarried. 

Alice Ellzy married Mr. Jordan, of Clifton Forge. Issue: 
Fanny Westwood J., Ella J., Alice J., Graham J., Helen J. 

Helen Eliza Ellzy married Rush Wallace Chancellor, M. D., 
a descendant of Elisabeth Westwood who married, first, James 
Wallace; second, Thompson Mason. Issue: Mildred Wallace 
Chancellor, Samuel Ashby C, William Fitzgerald C, Helen Ellzy 

Mary Ellzy married Lyman Shepherd, of Canada. Issue : Ly- 
man S., Mary Shepherd married John McCrary. Issue : Anna 
Murray Shepherd. 

Margaret Ellzy, unmarried. 

Ella Ellzy, unmarried. 

Comparing Mr. William Westwood's statement with Mr. 
Lyon Tyler's in his Quarterly, James Westwood, mentioned in 
York County records, must have been the brother of William 
Westwood who married Elizabeth Worlich, who had a son Wor- 
lich, a resident of Hampton in 1695, and a son William who mar- 
ried Mary Tabb, as shown by will. 

Worlich Westwood married Elisabeth Naylor, a daughter of 
William Naylor. Worlich Westwood died before 1702, when the 
widow married Charles Jennings, Jr. Worlich Westwood and 
Elisabeth, his wife, had three children: Mary W., mentioned in 
her grandfather, William Naylor's will ; Elisabeth Westwood, 
who married Col. Anthony Armistead,* and William Westwood, 

* Issue of Colonel Anthony Armistead and Elizabeth Westwood, his 
wife: (169) Westwood A., married Mary Todd; issue, (172) Westwood 
A., (173) Elizabeth A., (174) Mary A. (172) Westwood A. married 
Mary Jenkins; issue, '(178) Robert A., (179) Westwood A., died un- 
married. (178) Robert A. married Elizabeth Smith; issue, among others, 
Robert A. Armistead, born May 7, 1808. 

The Armistead Family 145 

who married Alary Wallace, mentioned in a deed in 1728, daugh- 
ter of Rev. James Wallace and Anne, his wife. Mrs. Anne Wal- 
lace in her will proved in 1740, speaks of her grandchildren, 
Mary Westwood and James Westwoqd. 

Note. — Mr. William Westwood, of Hampton, son of John 
Stith W., feels sure from conversations he has had with a de- 
scendant of the New Jersey branch, that a son of Humphrey 
Westwood settled in New Jersey, the name Humphrey being 
still retained in that branch. 

William Westwood who married Mary Tabb, and Worlich 
who married Elisabeth Naylor, were members of the House of 
Burgesses ; also members of the Convention that formed the 
State and National Governments, 1744 to 1788. As several wills 
show that swords and guns were bequeathed to descendants, 
they must have been in the service of the State. Records show 
that the West woods were prominent in Church Affairs as well. 
In 1726 William W. was one selected by ''His Majestie's Justices" 
to select a site in the town of Hampton on which to build a 
Parish Chu'rch ; and on the spot selected by him in 1727 was 
erected the present St. John's. 

The following letter is copied by Miss Elisabeth Robinson 
from a manuscript of her aunt, "Miss Cornelia Jefferson Ran- 
dolph," who died i872-'73: 

Stith Family. 

"Kedar, a Cossac — or Arab (Tartar) of IMaurienneburg, 
somewhere in the Caucassian Mountains, came in the fifteenth 
century, before the battle of Agincourt, to Western Europe — pro- 
bably, France : he carried on the smith's trade, and was the in- 
ventor of hoirse-shoeing. Horses were first used in the battle cf 
Agincourt. Kedar, — the name was after called Kidder. (In 
England, when sir-names were first adopted, the name designated 
the trade, occupation, civil or military station, or service) 
"stithy, a smith's shop ; he called himself Stith. The Stiths seem 
to have had a disposition to literature ; one of them in Queen 
Elisabeth's time, or before, wrote a romance, called 'Lost Island,' 

146 The Armistead Family 

from which Shakespeare took his story of 'The Tempest.' This 
fact is mentioned in notes in the first editions of Shakespeare. 
The author married Rebecca Bohlen. This information about 
the Hterary turn of the Stiths and about 'Lost Island,' came from 
an old lady, Miss Jeanette Douglass, of New York, one of the 
Stiths, who owned about thirty of the works of Stith, the author 
of 'Lost Island.' " 

It is said that John Rolfe's mother was a Stith. Rev. Wil- 
liam Stith, an Episcopal clergyman, who came over to this coun- 
try, wrote on Architecture and Engineering (see Wo;rcester's 
Ancient His.). Anne Stith, who married William Westwood 
was a direct descendant of Pocahontas. Thomas Rolfe, son of 
Pocahontas, married a Miss Poythress ; their daughter Jane 
Rolfe, married Col. Robert Boiling, issue, John Boiling, married 
Miss Kennon, issue, a daughter, who married Richard Randolph, 
issue, Mary Randolph, who married William Stith, whose daugh- 
ter married William Stith the historian, his son John married 
Elisabeth Anderson; their daughter Anne married W. Westwood. 

Romance of the Beautiful Elisabeth Westwood. 

This is told in Williaiu and Mary Quarterly^ Vol. XIII., No. 
3, by Miss Emily Macrae, of Orangefield, Stafford County, in her 
account of the Wallace family. Mr. Tyler says in William and 
Mary, Vol. IX., No. 2: 

"Rev. James Wallace was born in Errol, Perthshire, Scot- 
land, 1667, and died in Elisabeth City County, Va., at his home, 
Erroll, on Back River, Nov. 3rd, 1712. His tombstone bear- 
ing his coat of arms, is still to be seen there. He served for 
twenty-one years as minister of Elisabeth City, and practiced 
physic also. He married Anne widow of Thomas Wythe — 
grandfather of George Wythe, July nth, 1695. Issue: (i) 
Euphan; (2) Anne Wallace, who married Col. Robert Armistead 
(son of William, son of Anthony, son of William the Emigrant), 

(3) a daughter, who married Ballard, (4) Mary, who 

married William Westwood. (5) John, (6) James. This last 
married Martha , and her will was proved in 1768, ac- 

The Armistead Family 147 

cording to which they had ( i ) Robert, student at William and 
Alary in 1753, who had James and Wilson. (2) Martha, married 
Thomas Tabb ; (3) Elisabeth married John Seldon ; (4) Mary 
married Richard Ball of Lancaster; (5) Euphan married Judge 
William Roscoe Wilson Curie; (6) Anne married George Wray, 
j^-; (7) James Wallace, student Wm. and Mary in 1758, burgess 
for Elizabeth City Co. in 1769 & 1772, justice of the county 
and member of the county Committee of Safety 1775. He mar- 
ried Elisabeth Westwood, daughter of William Westwood, and 
had issue : ( i ) Robert Wallace, student William and Mary in 
1775' (2) James, (3) William, (4) Martha, (5) Euphan, (6) 
Elisabeth who married John McCrea, (7) Mary. 

'"Elisabeth Westwood Wallace, widow of James Wallace, mar- 
ried second, Hon. Thomson Mason, of Stafford Co., and appears 
to have had two sons, Westwood Thomson Mason and William 
Temple Tompson Mason. He had by previous marriage Stevens 
and John Thomson Mason. In his will proved Sep. 26th 1784 
he ordered 'that neither of his two younger sons shall reside on 
the south side of James River or below Williamsburg before 
they respectfully attain the age of twenty one, lest they should 
imbibe more exalted notions of their own than I should wish 
any child of mine to possess.' " 

Miss Emily Macrae says : "James Wallace fled from Scotland 
in the rebellion of '45. He was born at Erroll in Scotland; his 
birth attested by three lairds. He settled on Back River, in 
Elizabeth City Co. He brought with him an immense table ser- 
vice of plate, on which was engraved the Wallace Arms, he be- 
ing a collateral descendant of Sir William Wallace. The dinner 
set of silver consisted of two tureens and ladles, a full set of cov- 
ered dishes, pickle and butter dishes, knives and forks and every 
appurtenance that belongs to a dinner and breakfast set of table 
silver, all the most massive silver. He, James Wallace married 
Elizabeth Westwood of Hampton Va (my great-grandmother). 
She was remarkable foT her great beauty, accomplishments, 
strength of intellect and piety. Their children were eleven — six 
of whom attained the age of maturity — Robert, James, Euphon, 

148 The Armistead Family 

Mary, Martha, Eliza. Mary died single, all were beautiful, 
though she was probably the most lovely. Euphon marriad 
Bailey Washington (my grandfather). Martha" married Mr. 
James; Eliza married John Macrae, of Orangefield, Prince Wil- 
liam Co., Va. Robert by the laws of primogeniture, inherited the 
princely fortune of his father. He married Miss Mallory near 
Hampton, Va., and left one son who died Unmarried leaving 
his property to his mother's relations. The family seat of the 
Wallaces on Back River was called 'Erroll' after the seat of the 
Wallaces in Scotland. Elizabeth Westwood's mother was a Miss 
Howard, of the house of Norfolk, England. She was a near 
relative of one of the Colonial Governors of Virginia of that 
name, Francis Howard, Baron of Effingham, born in England 
1630, died there 1694; son of Sir Charles Howard, Governor )f 
Virginia 1684 to i588." (Appleton's Cyclopedia Am. Biog., Vol. 
, page 207.) 

"I will hereafter narrate a romantic incident which caused 
Elizabeth Westwood,* who was the Widow Wallace, to move to 
Chappawansic, Prince William Co., Va. Elizabeth Westwood's 
mother or grandmother was a first cousin of Anne Boleyn. One 
of Elizabeth Westwood's sisters, Louisa, married Col. Robert 
Armistead of Louisa Co., Va. Their daughter, Polly Armistead, 
was a celebrated belle and beauty. She married Stevens Thom- 
son Mason of 'Raspberry Plains,' Loudoun Co., Va. 

"One of Elizabeth Westwood's sisters married Mr. King, of 
Norfolk. After his death she married Dr. McClurg, of Hamp- 
ton. Dr. McClurg's son married Miss Seldon of Buck Roe near 
Hampton, Va. Their only daughter married Mr. Wickham, of 
Richmond, a distinguished lawyer. 

* Elizabeth Westwood, daughter of William' W- and Anne Stith, his 
wife (who married first James Wallace), "was remarkable for her 
beauty, accomplishments, strength of intellect and piety." She had eleven 
children, six of whom attained maturity — two sons and four daughters — • 
v/ho were noted for their beauty. One, Euphon Wallace, married first, 
Baily Washington, brother of Colonel William Washington of the Revo- 
lution ; married second, Daniel Carroll Brent of Winsor Forest, Stafford 
County, Va. 

The Armistead Family 149 

"Elizabeth Westwood had two brothers, Worlick and Wil- 

"Xow comes the romance. When Elizabeth Westwood was 
about sixteen years of age she made a visit to her cousins, the 
daughters of Governor Digges, one of the Colonial Governors 
who was living at Denby. near Williamsburg, V'a. Whilst there, 
there was a great deal of talk of an Assembly ball which was to 
come off at Williamsburg, and as Elizabeth W. did not leave 
home with the expectation of attending the Assembly, she was 
not prepared, havmg her party costumes in Hampton, where 
she lived. Her cousins, the Digges family, insisted on her re- 
maining to attend the Assembly, saying they would lend her a 
dress. Yielding to their importunities she decided to remain and 
wear her own simple white dress. Soon after the guests as- 
sembled at the ball Air. Thomson Mason was introduced. He 
had just returned from England, where he had been educated. 
His eyes rested on the beautiful Elizabeth Westwood, and he 
had neither eyes nor ears for any other being in the room. She 
was equally pleased with him. Miss Digges was a cousin of 
Mr. Mason, and it appears she was bent on captivating him her- 
self. Consequently she told Mr. Mason that Elizabeth was en- 
gaged to be married and she told Elizabeth that Thomson 
Mason was trifling with her. Consequently when he called to 
see her the day after the ball, she declined to make her appear- 
ance. Thus were two young beings separated to meet in maturer 
years. About six months after this date Elizabeth Westwood 
married the wealthy James Wallace of 'Erroll,' and several years 
after, Thomson Mason married. He lived at Chappawamsic 
near Dumfries. He frequently attended court at Williamsburg 
and was often asked by James Wallace to visit him, which he as 
often promised to do. On one occasion, Mr. Wallace said to 
Mr. Mason, 'My oft repeated invitations have been so frequently 
slighted, with a promise of fulfilment, that I will not extend them 
again.' Mr. Mason then told Mr. Wallace that he had enter- 
tained peculiar sentiments of regard to his wife, when she was 
young, and he would prefer not seeing her again. 

150 The Armistead Family 

"Years swept on. Mrs. Wallace became a widow ; Mr. Mason 
a widower. Mrs. Wallace was noted for her benevolence. Two 
Revolutionary soldiers from Stafford Co., who were wounded 
were cared for by the widow Wallace, she dressing the wound?. 
When they recovered sufficiently to leave Hampton they re- 
turned to their home, which was near Mr. Mason. They men- 
tioned the circumstance to him, remarking- on the beauty of the 
widow Wallace. She had been a widow several years, but there 
was at that period very little communication between the upper 
and lower counties of the State and this was the first intimation 
Mr. Mason had of the fact. The next day he ordered his coach 
and four and went from Chappawansic to 'ErrolF a distance of 
several hundred miles. He was received graciously by the 
widow, but had to make several visits before she would consent 
to be betrothed. 

"After his marriage with Elizabeth Westwood he had two 
sons, Temple Westwood, and William. Temple Westwood mar- 
ried Miss Noland ; no issue. William married Miss Anne Car- 
iroll of Baltimore, an heiress. They had sixteen children. They 
lived at Temple Hall near Leesburg. Their oldest daughter 
married Dr. McGill of Winchester. When Mr. Thomson Mason 
was in England, he sojourned with Sir William Temple, his first 
cousin. He called his son after him. Dean Swift was a great 
deal in the family of Sir William Temple at the time Thomson 
Mason was there, and he had many humorous anecdotes and in- 
cidents to narrate in connection with the Dean. William Wirt 
says of Mr. Mason that he was the most distinguished lawyer 
that Virginia had produced up to this time. He was a brothtr 
of the statesman, George Mason of 'Gunston Hall.' 

"Miss Digges on her death bed sent to her cousins Thomson 
Mason and Elizabeth Westwood to beg forgiveness for the false 
parts she had played. 

"The first James Wallace's daughter, who married Mr. Selden 
of Buck Roe, fell heir to most of his elegant plate." 

Mary Tabb, who married William Westwood, was the daugh- 
ter of Thomas Tabb and Elisabeth Moss, widow of Henry How- 

The Armistead Family 151 

ard, who died in 171 1. Issue, besides Mary, John Tabb married 
Mary Sclater, Thomas married Mary Armistead, Henry, Diana 
T. married John Robinson, Rachel T., ]\Iartha T. married Tho.--. 
Kirby (second wife), Edward Tabb. 

"Briarfield," the home of the Westwoods for generations, 
was four miles from Hampton. 

187. Robert Augustus Armistead was the youngest of eleven 
children of 178. Robert A. and Elizabeth Smith, his wife His 
father 178. Robert inherited the bulk of the property of his 
great-grandfather Anthony, who married Elizabeth Westwood. 
The children of Anthony and Elizabeth Westwood were : West- 
wood, Anthony, Hannah ; the latter married but had no children. 
Westwood and Anthony inherited their father's wealth. An- 
thony was the progenitor of the North Carolina branch. West- 
w^ood A. and Mary Tabb had only one son, 172. Westwood, and 
two daughters, Elizabeth and Mary, who both married men of 
wealth — Elizabeth, Thomas Smith of York ; Mary, Dr. Pope, aa 
Englishman. Alary had no children. 172, Westwood's son 
Robert and Elizabeth's daughter Elizabeth married — two streams 
of wealth flowing together to 178. Robert A., the father of 187. 
Robert Augustus Armistead. 178. Robert's only brother, W'est- 
w^ood, died. They were the only children of 172. Westwood 
A. and Mary Jenkins, his wife. 

178. Robert Armistead was what was called a high liver — 
hunting, feasting, entertaining in a lavish manner, like an Eng- 
lish gentleman of ye olden time. He married when twenty-three 
Elizabeth Smith, his cousin, who was tall and handsome, with 
the dignity of a queen, and as a queen she ruled in her social 
circle and home. Born "to the purple" she maintained a cer- 
tain stately bearing and living; till her death at the age of 81. 
"She carried herself as erect and proudly as in her first woman- 
hood." This statement is from a contemporary. A grandson 
whom she raised after his mother, her daughter, died, writes of 
her and the old home as follows : 

"The old home occupied a large square of land in Hampton — 

152 The Armistead Family 

the house near the corner where King and Queen Streets cros -,. 
Her eldest son, Westwood, later built his home on the far corner. 
The choice residential section of Hampton was owned by West- 
wood Armistead and his descendants. 

"My memory of Grandmother Armistead's appearance is that 
she was a large, majestic looking woman with clear, full grey 
eyes, iron grey hair, and fine erect carriage. She was remark- 
ably active and energetic, looking after business and domestic 
duties in person. She ruled her household as one accustomed 
to authority, and was a grand specimen of the old colonial 
age. She continued active and vigorous till a short time be- 
fore her death at eighty-one years. Was a devout member of 
Old St. John's P. E. Church, and fully believed that no other 
church was to be mentioned with her's. As to the servants, they 
were too numerous to name. I will simply name a few : Aunt 
Lizzy (or mammy) as we all called her, was chief, and carried 
the keys. Every morning after breakfast she appeared before 
her mistress and would say, 'Miss Elizabeth, what are your com- 
mands for the day madam?' After receiving those commands, 
Miss Elizabeth was to have no anxiety about those commands 
being fully attended to. Aunt Lizzie was a tall, fine looking 
mulatto, with all the ladylike airs and graces of her pattern (Mi;-,s 
Elizabeth) and was said to be one of the most accomplished and 
best housekeepers in all that section. She was not only loved 
and trusted by her mistress, but also loved by the entire house- 
hold. Her husband (Uncle Charles) was to a large extent a 
gentleman of leisure, his only business (in the shape of work) 
to keep the wood pile high for house and kitchen. These two 
were the bosses of the army of younger ones composing the 
colorfy or household. In addition to these, there were twelve 
or fifteen grown men who were hired to the United States Gov- 
ernment to work on the Rip Raps, now Fort Wool, just across 
from Old Point. Grandmother's family consisted of eight girls 
and three boys ; each girl had a maid and each boy a man. Grand- 
mother usually appeared in black silk dress, lace collar and cap. 
On State occasions she was more elaborately dressed in brocade 

The Armistead Family 153 

with all additional frills. She was a fine looking-, handson-.e 

" 'Willocks,' with the house and mill (to which you refer;, 
were originally one plantation, and was owned by Grandfather 
Armistead, but in my early days it had passed out of the owner- 
ship of grandmother, with the exception of an acre which was 
the family burial plot, and where some of her children and grand- 
children are buried. From what I learned as a boy, Grandfather 
Armistead was an English gentleman with habits pertaining 
thereto, and at his death grandmother administered on the estate, 
which was a large one, but much encumbered. By her energy 
and business tact she succeeded in paying off large debts and 
retained the larger part of the estate. During my childhood she 
lived at the old homestead in Hampton, where General Wash- 
ington and other celebrated Revolutionary men were entertained. 

Note. — The older children of Robert Augustine Armistead 
will recall that Carlos was his body servant, and William Davis 
his brother Westwood's. The latter was elected to the Senate 
when Virginia was placed by the Yankees after the war among 
"Districts/' and called District No. One. He was one of the 
most conservative and sensible men in that body. Later was ap- 
pointed keeper of the Light House at Old Point. About 1873 
in the summer when the wife and daughter of R. A. Armistead 
were at the old Hygiea, Old Point, they went over to the Light 
House to see William ; they found him and family at dinner. 
They arose instantly and remained standing while "Miss ^Jarthv" 
talked about "old times." 

Mary Ann, the maid of Robert A. A.'s eldest daughter, Har- 
riet, taught school after the war in Boston. She told the fam- 
ily when on a visit to them, that the school authorities would 
not believe that her young mistress had taught her arithmetic 
and geography as well as reading and writing. 

The Line of 187. Robert Augustine Armistead. 

I. Anthony Armistead, of Kirk Deighton, Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, married Frances Thomson. Fssue : (2) William Armistead 

154 The Armistead Family 

the emigrant, who with his wife Anne came to Virginia in 1635. 
Issue: (3) WilHam^ A., (4) John^ A., (5) Anthony'' A., (5) 
Frances^ A. 

(5) Anthony^ A. married Hannah ElHason : Issue, among 
others, 83. Anthony (heutenant-colonel of mihtia), who married 
Elizabeth West wood. Issue, among others, 169. Westwood A. 
married Mary Tabb. Issue: 172. Westwood A, 173. Ehzabeth 
A., 174. Mary A. 

172. Westwood A. married Mary Jenkins. Issue: 178. Rob- 
ert Armistead, 179. Westwood, d. s. p. 172. Westwood A.'s will, 
made January 18, 1782, proved June 22, 1786, names wife Mary 
Jenkins and only two children Robert, and Westwood who died. 

178. Robert Armistead, born August 9th, 1766; died August 
31st, 1817, married his cousin, Elizabeth Smith, born August 
22, 1767. Their youngest child, 187. Robert Augustine Armi- 
stead, married Martha Anne Savage. The children of this mar- 
riage were : 

(i) Elizabeth Smith A., (2) Martha Anne A., (3) Westwood 
Wadsworth A. (these died young), (4) Robert Armistead, (5) 
George Wesley A., (6) Harriet Savage A., (7) Thomas Smith 
A., (8) Mary Louisa A., (9) Wilbur Teackle A., (10) Virginia 
Savage A., (11) Emily Smith A., (12) Westwood Smith A. 

No. I. baptized by Rev. Christopher Thomas. No. 2. by Rev. 
Wm. S. Peyton. No. 3. by Rev. Geo. A. Bain. No. 4. by Rev. 
Vernon Eskridge. No. 5. by Rev. Vernon Eskridge. No. 6. by 
Rev. V. Eskridge. No. 7. by Rev. James D. Coulling. No. 8. 
by Rev. Isaac Willis. No. 9. by Rev. R. A. Armistead. No. 10. 
by Rev. John Bailey (an Englishman). No. 11. by Rev. R. A. 
Armistead. No. 12. by Rev. R. A. Armistead. All baptized rit 
eight days old, except George — he at nine days old — delayed by 
the extreme illness of his mother. At this baptismal service, 
which was performed in the bed chamber of the mother, the 
family partook of cake and wine. 

Robert Augustus Armistead, even as a youth, possessed 
strong as well as magnetic characteristics of mind and manner, 
which made for independence in thinking and acting. This was 

The Armistead Family 155 

shown in his deciding, when only eighteen, to leave the Church 
of his mother — of his forefathers — and to join the jMethodist 
Church. A very devout Methodist clergyman came to Hampton 
preaching and exhorting all to a life of purety and consecration. 
Emily Armistead, Robert's sister went to hear him, taking with 
her as escort at night her brother Robert ; he lying out on the 
grass with other companions till the service was over. One 
night she asked him to go in with her, which he did. From 
that time he became very much interested and decided to join the 
Methodist Church, and at once told his mother of his desire and 
determination. He was met with strong opposition and distress, 
for she was a staunch Church woman. Finally she threatened to 
disinherit him. He took it all calmly, but never flinched from his 
determination. There had been a woeful declension in the spirit- 
uality and morals of both clergy and laity of the Episcopal Church 
in Virginia. 

Among his private papers, after death, was found the follow- 

'T, Robert Armistead was converted the 26th of Oct. 1826 
(when eighteen). 

'T obtained license to preach from the Quarterly Conference 
Oct. i6th 1835 (lay preacher). 

'T was ordained Deacon by Bishop Beverly Waugh Feb. 23rd 
1840 at Farmville Va. 

'T was ordained at Elder in 1840 in Centenary Church, Rich- 
mond Va. 

"In the year 1829 I drew up a statement in writing setting 
forth my entire consecration to Father — Son — and Holy Spirit ; 
after engaging in prayer and while upon my knees I placed mv^ 
signature to it — since that time, the most solemn in my life — I 
have ever felt that I, in a peculiar sense belonged to God." 

Looking into the holy of holies of this man of God seems 
like desecration ; but it is for the godly admonition of his de- 
scendants that it appears here ; besides it is the key that unlocks 
every part of his nature, and peering in we see the controlling 
power of his whole life. 

156 The Armistead Family 

February 28, 1828, when just past twenty, he married the 
daughter of Teackle Taylor Savage and Martha Jane Wade, his 
wife — she seventeen and two months. Her birthday verse in 
Prov. 31st chapter somewhat expresses her Hfe, "Her children 
rise up and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praiseth 
her." A woman of gentle dignity, firm but loving, devoting her 
life to the bringing up of her children. She was the mother of 

Robert and his young wife made their home with his mother 
at the old Armistead place in Hampton. For a description and 
picture of her home, see Savage excursus. Their three first chil- 
dren died very young — Martha and Westwood a year old ; Eliza- 
beth Smith, the eldest, about three. Robert considered their 
death due to ignorance of the physician, so he commenced to 
study medicine — the botanic system, as set forth by Dr. Samuel 
Thompson, of Boston, in various books published about that time. 
Of the nine other children all attained maturity. As a result of 
the study of the Thompsonian theory he made three valuable 
medicines — a cure for cholera, for neuraliga, for dyspepsia. 
During the cholera in and around Hampton in the forties, he was 
sent for day and night, and never lost a case — both time and 
medicine he gladly gave. The other two remedies are equall/ 
valuable, and are treasured and used by the family. He was a 
great sufiferer from indigestion and cured himself. He was a 
many-sided man ; his mechanical turn would have, if cultivated, 
placed him in the front rank of mechanics. From his youth he 
was a student and to the end of his life. A friend wrote of him: 

"He was a remarkable man. Though modest and retiring, 
he was the embodiment of energy and conscientiousness, which 
made him a felt power for good ; a scholar reading the Greek 
and Latin tongue readily, and was thoroughly conversant witji 
the most advanced philosophical thought of the day ; and from 
pure love of learning, continued his studious habits to the very 
close of his long life." 

His ordination as local preacher did not interfere with his 
mercantile business and farming. He owned a fine farm, "Oak- 

The Armistead Family 157 

land," just across the creek or river. On the water side there 
were abundant oyster beds. "Oakland" is now a part of Hamp- 
ton, in full view from electric cars that run from Old Point to 
Hampton. Besides, he owned and operated a castor-bean press. 
Every Sunday his favorite horse, Kitty, would be hitched to a 
low-swinging phaeton buggy and off he would go to Fox Hill, 
Poquoson, and other places on mission work intent. 

In 1845 he built a very large new brick house on the same site 
as the old home, in the old-time style of four large rooms on a 
floor, wide hall running from front to back door. About this 
time his mother gave up the reins of household government into 
his and his wife's hands. His mother died January — , 1849, 
after a sudden, sharp illness. 

This new home, like the old, was famous for its lavish hos- 
pitality. The preachers' room was always ready for the man of 
God of whatever name, but mostly the Methodist. 

When the war broke out the family refugeed first to Wil- 
liamsburg, then Petersburg, Richmond, North Carolina, and 
back to Richmond just before the evacuation. After which all 
lived in the country for a year ; then returned to Richmond. 

Soon after the close of the war Robert A. Armistead went 
into the active work of the ministry of the Methodist Church. 

Early Sunday morning, June i, 1879, Martha Anne Savage 
Armistead, his faithful wife, passed from earth to heaven, after 
a painful illness of ten days, surrounded by her loving children, 
several of whom came from distant States. 

Not long after the death of his wife, Robert A. Armistead 
retired from the work of the ministry, overcome by age and 
feeble health, and lived quietly at the home of his son Robert 
unmarried, and of his youngest daughter Emily, also unmarried. 
Here he continued his study and reading, keeping up with the 
scientific and religious questions of the day — writing thesis after 
thesis reconciling science with religion. He died in 1891. and is 
buried by the side of his wife in beautiful Hollywood. 

Robert Armistead, fourth child of Robert A. Armistead and 
Martha Anne Savage, his wife, was born May 7, 1834, in Hamn- 

158 The Armistead Family 

ton, Va. ; was educated at Randolph-Macon College. Enlisted in 
tlie First Company of Richmond Howitzers, April 21, 1861 ; ap- 
pointed third corporal at organization of the Company, at Rich- 
mond College May 11, 1861 ; promoted to first corporal October 
I, 1861 ; elected second lieutenant November 17, 1861 ; 'resigned 
in the fall of 1862; was transferred to torpedo service, winter 
of 1863. 

In 1884, on the death of his brother, Thomas Smith Armi- 
stead, April 14th, and of his wife Lucy Anne Grant, July 15th, 
Robert Armistead adopted his brother's five children — Thomas, 
Mary Beverley, John, Lucy, and Emily. He took them to live 
with him and his sister, Emily Armistead, in Richmond, where 
they were raised as their own children. He died in Richmond, 
Va., April 20, 1894, unmarried. 

Harriet Savage Armistead, sixth child, and eldest daughter 
of Robert A. Armistead and Martha Anne Savage, was born m 
Hampton, December 17, 1837, about 12 o'clock A. M. ; died in 
Richmond, Va., January 27, 1865, age twenty-seven; interred in 
Hollywood. The first of the family not buried at "Willocks," the 
family graveyard in Elizabeth City County. Beautiful in char- 
acter as well as person, she was the leading spirit in her home 
in Hampton, which was famed for lavish hospitality. 

* Emily Smith Armistead, eleventh child of Robert A. Armi- 
stead and Martha Anne Savage, was born in Hampton, Va. ; is 
now living in Richmond, Va. She was educated at D. Lee 
Powell's school in Richmond, Va. Possessed of high moral qual- 
ities, combined with intellectual culture and strong self-reliance, 
she has wonderfully guided and influenced the family committed 
to her care. 

Virginia Savage Armistead, tenth child of Robert A. Armi- 
stead and Martha Anne Savage his wife, was born in Hampton. 
Married Asher Waterman Garber, November 30, 1870, in Rich- 
mond, Va., where they now live. No children. She was edu- 
cated at Petersburg College, taking a full diploma July 4, 1866. 

Thomas Smith Armistead, seventh child of Robert A. Armi- 
stead and Martha Anne Savage his wife, was born in Hampton, 

The Armistead Family 159 

December 4, 1839, about 12 A. M. Was studying medicine when 
the war broke out ; was a member of the "original Howitzer 
Company on duty at Harper's Ferry and Charlestown, Va., dur- 
ing the John Brown war, November and December, 1859. Re- 
enlisted in First Company of Howitzers, April 21, 1861 ; ap- 
pointed commissary sergeant, September i, 1861. Served until 
the close of the w^ar at Appomattox, Va., April 9, 1865. Was 
separated from the Company there, and surrendered with Colonel 
Hardaw^ay's Battalion of Artillery. 

He was married to Lucy Anne Grant (born January 15, 1847) 
of Columbia, Fluvanna County, Va., on the 14th of April, 1868, 
at noon, by the Rev. John D. Powell of the Episcopal Church. 
Lucy Anne Grant was the daughter of Beverly Grant, of Rich- 
mond, Va., and Mary Jane Ligon, of Pittsylvania County. Mary 
Jane Ligon, born June 28, 1819, daughter of Benjamin Ligon, 
son of Joseph Ligon, born January 23, 1786, and Ketura Jack- 
son, born December 23, 1794, daughter of James and Mary 
Jackson. Beverly Grant, born September 13, 181 1, twin brother 
of Richard, was the son of John Samuel Grant, of Chesterfield 
County, and Mary Stuart, of King and Queen County. The 
Grant burying ground is in Chesterfield County, surrounded by 
a brick wall. 

John Samuel Grant and Mary Stuart were married in 1805 
or 6 ; she sixteen years old ; died when she was forty. Issue of 
this marriage fifteen children — tw^o sets of twins! Issue, among 
others, James Henry Grant, second son, born October 16, 1807, 
and Beverly Grant. 

Two Grant brothers came to America from Scotland. One 
settled in \'irginia, on James River ; one went South. The chil- 
dren of John Samuel Grant and Mary Stuart his wife, were: 
(i) William Henry, (2) James Henry, (3) Beverley and Rich- 
ard, twins, (4) Richard died in California, (5) John Samuel, 
(6) Frances Elinor, (7) Martha Ann, (8) George W., (9) 
Leroy Jeflferson, (10) Alexander, and five who died in childhood 
or infancy. 

(5) John Samuel and (8) George W. went to Georgia. 

i6o The Armistead Family 

(6) Frances Elinor Grant ma'rried Thos. Edward Cox, of 
Henrico County. He was the son of Edward Cox and Adeline 
Elizabeth Harris. F. Elinor Grant and T. E. Cox had one 
daughter, Martha Ellen Cox, who married Robert Bosher, of 
Richmond. Issue: (Dr.) Robert, Percy, Elinor (married George 
Birewster, of New York City; issue, a son), Elizabeth (married 
Thomas Purcell ; issue, two daughters and a son), Lewis mar- 
ried Roberta Smith, of Richmond. 

(7) Martha Ann Grant married Thomas Worsham (an 
adopted child). 

(9) Leroy Grant married Mary Minor. Issue: three sons 
and three daughters. 

(10) Alexander died young. 

Mrs. Robert Bosher has portraits of her grandfather and 
mother Cox, and her great-grandmother. 

Issue of Thomas Smith Armistead and Lucy Anne Grant his 
wife: Beverly Grant, born October 30, 1869; died July 3, 1870. 

I. Thomas Savage Armistead, born May 19, 1871 ; baptized 
June 26, 1871 by his grandfather. Rev. Robert A. Armistead; 
married his cousin, Anne Elisabeth Grant, at "Grantland,'' Hen- 
rico County, Va., November 11, 1902. Issue: Thomas Savage 
Armistead, Jr., born January 9, 1906, and Robert Beverly Armi- 
stead, born August 19, 1910. 

Anne Elizabeth Grant is the daughter of Walter E. Grant and 
Elisabeth Augitstine, married October 17, 1877. 

Walter E. Grant is the son of James Henry Grant and Anne 
Elisabeth Crenshaw, who was the daughter of Spotswood Dab- 
ney Crenshaw and Winifred Graves his wife. Elisabeth Augus- 
tine was the daughter of Joseph Augustine, a native of Corsica, 
(born March 9, 1833, died September 15, 1864) and Lucinda 
Elisabeth Vaughan, of Caroline County, Va., his wife. The 
mother of Joseph Augustine was Mary Madeline Maranichi, of 
Corsica, France. Lucinda E. Vaughan was the daughter of 
Reverdy Vaughan and Martha Elizabeth Chiles. There was a 
Col. Walter Chiles of James City County who was a Councillor 
and Speaker of House of Burgesses, 1651-1653. 

The Armistead Family i6i 

2. Alary Beverly Armistead, daughter of Thomas Smith 
Armistead and Lucy Anne Grant, married WilHam Edward 

Leake, Xovember , 1895. Issue: Beverly Armistead, Ethel 

Wilbur, Robert Armistead, William Edward, Jr. They are liv- 
ing in Birmingham, Ala. 

William E. Leake, born 21st of December, 1864, is the son 
of Thaddeus Constantine Leake, born August 17, 1829, and Nan- 
nie Coles Shelton, born Xovember 25, 1830, of Louisa County, 
\'a. ; married November 2^, 1853 i" Hanover County. Issue: T. 
C. Leake, Jr., William Edward Leake, Evelyn Archer (Mrs. Bin- 
ford), and Kate Shelton Leake (Mrs. G. W. Jones). T. C. 
Leake, Sr., was the son of Walter Leake and ]\Iahalah Johnson 
his wife, of Henrico County. 

The line of Nannie Coles Shelton, mother of W^illiam Edward 
Leake, runs thus : 

Colonel William Randolph, of Turkey Island, born in Eng- 
land 1 65 1, emigrated to Virginia about 1669. Speaker of House 
of Burgesses ; member of King's Council. Married Mary Isham, 
of Bermuda Hundred. Issue, among others, Col. William Ran- 
dolph, born at Turkey Island November, 1681 ; a member of the 
Council ; Treasurer of Virginia ; married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Peter Beverly and Eliza Peyton, of Gloucester, June 22, 1709. 
Issue, among others, Mary Randolph, married John Price from 
Wales. Issue, among others, Captain Thomas Price, born 29th 
August, 1754, of "Cool Water," Hanover County, Va., an officer 
in American Revolution ; married Barbara Winston, of Hanover 
County. Issue, among others, Mary Randolph Price, born at 
"Cool Water," Hanover County, October 6, 1776; married De- 
cember 2j, 1792, Isaac Coles, of Coles Hill, Hanover County. 
Issue, among others, Maria Coles; married William Shelton. 
Issue, among others, Nannie Coles Shelton ; married Thaddeus 
C. Leake. 

Barbara Winston was the daughter of James Winston and 
Anne Parrel, his wife. James Winston inherited from his mother, 
Barbara Overton (daughter of Col. William Overton, of England 
and Mrginia), 1,443 acres of land on the south side of North 

i62 The Armistead Family 

Anna River, Hanover County, Va. James Winston's father was 
John Winston (sometimes called James) from Wales; emigrated 
to America about 1702 and settled in Hanover County. 

Captain Thomas Price, who married Barbara Winston, had 
a sister Elizabeth Price who married Captain George Dabney of 
"The Grove," Hanover County. He was captain in Revolution- 
ary Army, in the Legion of his brother Col. Charles Dabney. 

Note. — -The above Shelton-Price data is taken from The 
Price Family, compiled by Theodore H. Price and Charlotte }*. 

The Leake family is of English descent. The founder of the 
family came to Virginia in 1785 and settled in Goochland County. 

3. John Grant Armistead, son of Thomas Smith Armistead 
and Lucy Anne Grant, his wife, married November 11, 1909, at 
St. Paul's Church, Richmond, Va., Rosalie, daughter of Thomas 
Catesby Jones and Rosalie Fontaine, his wife, daughter of Col. 
Edmund Fontaine of Beaver Dam, Hanover County, Va. Thos. 
Catesby Jones is the son of William Roy Jones and Isabella Tai- 
liaferro, his wife, of Marlfield, Gloucester County, Va. Thos. C. 
Jones is a lineal descendant of Capt. Roger Jones who came to 
Virginia in 1680. Arms, "Field sable, a fess or— bet. 3 children's 
heads, proper (quartered with the Hoskins Arms, his mother 
being sole heiress) in a field party per pale — azure-gules — a 
chevron engraled or bet, 3 lions argent — rampant. Crest — a 
helmet a child's head proper." 

The Catesby s are from Northamptonshire, England. 

Rosalie Fontaine, wife of Thos. Catesby Jones, is descended 
from the noble family of de la Fontaine of France. 

Rosalie Fontaine is the twelfth child of Col. Edmund Fon- 
taine of Beaver Dam, and Maria Louise Shacklefo'rd, his wife, 
of Hanover County. 

Col. Edmond Fontaine was the son of William Fontaine and 
Ann Morris, his wife. William Fontaine was colonel of a regi- 
ment in the Revolutionary War, and was present with his regi- 
ment at Yorktown when Lord Cornwallis surrendered. 

The Armistead Family 163 

Maria Louise Shackleford was the daughter of Lynn Shackle- 
ford and Elizabeth Dabney, his wife. 

4. Lucie Grant Armistead, daughter of Thomas S. Armi- 
stead and Lucie Grant, his wife. 

5. Emily Armistead, youngest child of Thomas Smith Armi- 
stead and Lucy Grant, his wife, married Robert Eden Peyton, 
Jr., November 11, 1910, at home. R. E. Peyton, Jr., is the son 
of Robert Eden Peyton and Corrie Foster, his wife ; both of Fau- 
quier County, Va. R. E. Peyton was the son of Dr. R. E. Pey- 
ton, of Fauquier, and Nannette Lee Jones, who was the daughter 
of General Walter Jones and Anne Lucinda Lee, the daughter of 
Charles Lee and Anne Lee, his wife and cousin, married at Chan- 
tilly, Westmoreland County, Va., nth February, 1789; she was 
born December i, 1770; died 1804; buried at "Shooter's Hill," 
the home of her brother, Ludwell Lee. Anne Lee was the daugh- 
ter of Richard Henry Lee, who was the son of Thomas Lee and 
Hannah Ludwell, his wife. All of Thomas Lee's sons were born 
at "Stratford Hall." Charles Lee was the brother of Light Horse 
Harry Lee. 

"The Peyton family of Cambridgeshire, England, as well as 
that of their descendants, the Peytons of Westmoreland, Stafford, 
and Gloucester Counties, Virginia, is one of great antiquity and 
distinction. According to historians, the founder of the family 
was one of the great barons who accompanied William the Con- 
queror to England and obtained from him many valuable manors 
and lordships as a recompense for their gallant deeds and mili- 
tary service." 

Robert Eden Peyton, Jr.'s family reside at "Edenburn," Fau- 
quier County, a part of that grand old estate of "Gordonsdale," 
granted by Lord Fairfax to one of the family. 

Corrie Cover Foster, the wife of Robert E. Peyton, is the 
daughter of Thomas Redmond Foster and Alary Ann Smith, his 
wife, of Loudoun County. Thomas R. Foster, the son of Isaac 
Foster and Priscilla Hunton, his wife, of Fauquier County. 
Mary Ann Smith, the daughter of Lewis Marshall Smith and 
Catherine Hutchison, his wife, of Loudoun. Lewis M. Smith, 

164 The Armistead Family 

son of Lewis Smith and Mary Nelson, his wife ; he the son of 
John Smith who came to Virginia from England in 1700. He 
settled in Westmoreland County, Va., and married Eli-zabeth 
Marshall, aunt of Chief Justice Marshall. 

Robert E. Peyton, Jr., and Emily Armistead, his wife, had 
given them when married two heirlooms — a round silver try, oii 
feet, with the Lee Arms in the center, descended through Anne 
Lee from her father, Richard Henry Lee, and a silver cream 
pitcher, in the shape of a cow, about four and a half inches long 
by two and a half high. The cow's tail, tossed in a curve t< 
brush off a fly in the middle of her back, is the handle ; by the 
fly the lid is lifted to pour in the cream. The cow's neck is ex- 
tended, mouth open in a moo-moo, the cream pouring from open 
mouth. The hall marks indicate that the Lee tray was made in 
London by Richard Rugg in lyyy'^. The cow made in Lond'-r.i 
by Thomas Issod in lyG^-^- 

The Arms of the Peyton lamily of Westmoreland and Staf- 
ford Counties : Sable — a cross engrailed or — in second quarter 
a mullet argent — all within a bordure ermine. 

Asher Waterman Garber, who married V. S. Armistead, is 
descended on his great-grandmother's side from the sturdy 
Scotch-Irish clan of Cunningham; on the grandfather's side from 
German stock; both of which settled in Augusta County early 
in the eighteenth century. His mother, Frances Hancock, of 
Princess Anne County, was a descendant of one of two broth- 
ers — Nathaniel Hancock settled in Massachusetts, from whom 
came Governor ijohn Hancock ; the other, Simon, settled in 
Princess Anne County, Va., from whom came Frances H., daugh- 
ter of Simon Hancock and Susan Singleton, his wife. He was 
born at "Lebanon," September 15, 1834, an estate near Staun- 
ton that descended to his family through his grandmother, Mar- 
garet Smith, a daughter of Capt. Thomas Smith, of the Revo- 
lutionary War. 

He was educated at the Staunton Acadgmy and was en- 
gaged in the foundry business with his father, who owned a 

The Armistead Family 165 

foundry near Staunton which was destroyed by the Yankees. 
He belonged to the Staunton Artillery before the war broke out. 
The day tliat Virginia seceded he left Staunton for Harper's 
Ferry as second lieutenant of Staunton Artillery, and from that 
day to the surrender at Appomattox, was at the front. John 
D. Imboden was captain ; afterwards made general of cavalry. 
The Staunton Artillery wa^ organized and equipped several 
months previous to the war. A. W. Garber was captain in 1862. 
Quoting the words of Senator John W. Daniel : "This famous 
battery wdiich made its mark from Manassas to Appomattox on 
many of the greatest fields of the Civil War — First and Second 
Manassas, Sharpsburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, The Wil- 
derness, at Bloody Angle, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor. In the 
\'alley, at Cedar Creek, it joined in holding the enemy at bay 
when the lines were broken. It fought as infantry from Peters- 
burg to Appomattox, and there, with its ' gallant and battle- 
smeared commander, closed a career full of honorable service 
and distmction." He was wounded at First Manassas while fight- 
ing on Jackson's line ; in the same battle a younger brother, Ed- 
ward Valentine Garber, was killed while leading a charge — he 
was captain of Company A, Fifty-second Virginia' Regiment. 
In the battle of Berryville A. W. Garber was shot through his 
thigh, his horse had been shot under him about half hour before. 
At Second Manassas he received an order in person from Geri- 
'eral Stonewall Jackson. At Spotsylvania, May loth, he received 
an order in person from General Lee. For full account of the 
Staunton Artillery record, see Vol. XXXIII., Southern Historical 

He had two other brothers in the war, Michael Garber, a 
lieutenant in Staunton Artillery, and Thomas Michie Garber, 
who was killed at Upperville just as he mounted a stone wall 
with the colors in his hand. The following is from the pen of 
Governor O'Ferrell : 

"For some time prior to the battle of Upperville the color- 
bearer of the Twelfth Cavalry was Tom Garber, a member of 
my company. It did not take me long to determine of w^hat 

i66 The Armistead Family 

metal he was made. In a fight he was in his element, and the 
hotter it was the better he liked it. He was only seventeen 
years of age, yet he was over six feet in height, splendidly built, 
and much more mature every way than most boys of his age. 
He had been raised in the saddle and was a superb rider. A 
vacancy occurred in the color sergeancy of the regiment— how 
it occurred I do not now remember — and Tom applied for the 
position, and it was given him, and never in any war, on any 
field, were the colors of an army more grandly and heroically 

"He entered the charge at Upperville in the van, with his 
colors streaming in the breeze above his head as he charged down 
the field to the stone fence. There under the rain of lead he 
stood waving the stars and bars until just as I was shot, when 
he reeled in his saddle, and still clinging to his flag staff he fell 
to the ground dead. He was a brother of Major A. W. Garber, 
of Richmond, whose record as the commander of Garber's Bat- 
tery is too- well known to require any enconiums from me. Of 
all the brave and intrepid boys whom it was my pleasure and 
privilege to observe during the four years of strife, I never saw 
one who was the superior of Tom Garber ; and as brave and 
dashing as our cavalrymen were generally. I do not detract 
from them when I declare that I recall comparatively few who 
were his equals, taking them all in all. He rests in Thornrose 
Cemetery at Staunton beneath the sod of old Augusta, and while 
she can boast of many gallant sons, she has none more gallant 
than the young color-bearer of the Twelfth Cavalry, who yielded 
up bis life at Upperville." 

Shortly after the war A. W. Garbqr established the Rich- 
mond Transfer business and a Railroad and Steamship Ticket 
Office, A^hich he built up to great success, being, after some years, 
the owner and proprietor. Later it was made into a joint stock 
company, and finally passed out of his hands. Now, in old 'ago, 
he is as game, as brave, as heroic as wdien on the battlefield. 
He is a devout member of Grace Episcopal Church. 

The Armistead Family 167 

Descendants of George W. Armistead. 

George W. Armistead, son of (178) Robert A. Armistead 
and Martha Savage, his wife, was born in Hampton, Va., Octo- 
ber 4, 1835. He, as well as his older brother, Robert, was edu- 
cated at Randolph-AIacon College, where he took his A. M. and 
graduated about 1857. He studied law under the Hon. James 
Lyons in Richmond, and received his license to practice law in 
1859. June 13, i860, in Petersburg, Va., he married Anne 
Maria Harrison, a belle of ante-bellum days of 'rare attractiveness, 
born July 16, 1835, in Charles City County, daughter of William 
Southall Harrison* and Lucenia Anderson, who was the daugh- 
ter of Nathan and Marianna Anderson, of Chesterfield County. 
Marianna was the daughter of John Mayo, of Richmond, and 
Mary Tabb, of Gloucester. Mrs. George W. Armistead has in 
her possession portraits of her Mayo family. 

George W. Armistead was a young man of unusual brilliancy 
and mental force, as shown by his college record and later as un 
editor and writer for various periodicals. In the fall of i860 
he took charge of the Ashland Female Seminary. When the war 
opened the town was cavalry headquarters for the Army ot 
Northern Virginia ; the excitement incident thereto made it need- 
ful to close the school. He went into service first in Captain J. 
D. Hankins Field Artillery Battery. J. D. Hankins, of Bacon 
Castle, Surry Covmty, Va., was a ''splendid fellow and warm 
personal friend." After being with his battery about a year, to 
his great surprise he was transferred to the Navy — James River 
Squadron, Training School Patrick Henry, as professor, with 
rank of lieutenant. He remained there until the evacuation, when 
the cadets and professors were ordered as an escort to treasure 
train from Richmond to the South ; first to Augusta, Ga., then 
back to Thomasville, N. C, where it and the whole command 
were captured. He tramped back to Charlotte, N. C, where he 
was parolled ; then on to Richmond, where his wife and two lit- 

* William S. Harrison, of Farmington, Charles City County, Va., 
was a descendant of an old Scotch family. 

i68 The Armistead Family 

tie boys were, to find that they had been burned out at the evacua- 
tion. He practiced law in Richmond, and later on moved to 
Tennessee. He made his home in Nashville, Tenn., where he 
lived for years, the editor and founder of a live temperance 
paper. The Issue, established in 1885. He and his wife are now 
living in Hopkinsville, Ky., where their daughter, Mrs. Harrv 
Cate, resides. 

The children of George Armistead and Anne Harrison, his 
v/ife, are as follows : George Harrison, William Southall Harri- 
son, Annie Harrison, Robert Augustus, Wirt Mayo, and Mary 

(i) George Harrison Armistead, born August 21, 1861, at 
Ashland, Va., rraduated at the High School in Richmond when 
fifteen, taking first honor — a gold star— in a large class. When 
his father moved from Virginia he sent him to the University of 
Mississippi, where he soon took his degree, making the highest 
scholarship marks taken up to that time in the University. He 
then went to Vanderbilt University, where he took his law de- 
gree. In Nashville and elsewhere in the South he earned the 
reputation of being a brilliant speaker. March 14, 1889, he 
married Jessie Parkes, eldest daughter of Joseph L. Parkes, 
cashier of the National Bank of Franklin, Tenn. 

Joseph L. Parkes is an Englishman by birth; a relative of Sir 
Arthur Parkes, the eminent Australian statesman and jurist. 
The mother of Jessie Parkes Armistead is Louise Everly, daugli- 
ter of General Silas Walker, one of Tennessee's most distin- 
guished lawyers. 

George Harrison Armistead resides with his family in Frank- 
lin, Tenn., where he is editor of a live, influential newspaper. 
Their children are : George Harrison A., Joseph Parkes A., 
Leonard Kearn A., Annie A., Jessie Parkes A., Louise Mayo 
A., Edward Carmack A., James Hamner A. 

(2) William vSouthall Harrison Armistead, born in Rich- 
mond, Va., August II, 1864, attended the Vanderbilt Universitv; 
settled in South Pittsburg, Tenn., where he married, October 
20, 1888, Katherine Houston, of South Pittsburg, Tenn., daugh- 

The Armistead Family 169 

ler of William Houston, who was the nephew of Governor Sam 
Houston. On maternal side she was the great-niece of "Bonnie 
Kate Sevier" of Indian fame, wife of Governor Sevier, and 
niece of Col. Arthur S. Colyar, of Nashville, Tenn., member of 
Confederate Congress, who at eighty-seven years of age wrote 
the Life of Andrciv Jackson. Issue: William Houston, Kathe- 
rine Sevier, Robert P., Houston, Elbert Ina Virginia, and Har- 

(3) Annie Harrison Armistead, born October 3, 1869, ''^ 
Richmond, Va. ; educated at Price's College, Nashville, Tenn. : 
married James H. Gate, of Rumsey, McLean County, Ky., No- 
vember 8, 1887, in Nashville, Tenn., and died in Rumsey, Ky., 
March 13, 1896, leaving issue: Annie ArmisteaaT^., James H. C, 
John Mayo C, Robert William C., George Harrison C. 

(4) Robert Augustus Armistead, born in Brunswick County, 
Va., January 9, 1867. Unmarried; resides in Nashville, Tenn. 

(5) Wirt Mayo Armistead, born in Richmond, Va., Septem- 
ber 8, 1872, married Sarah Gate (of Hartford, Ky.), March 30, 
1 90 1, at Henderson, Ky. 

Sarah Gate, wife of Wirt Mayo Armistead, and James Henry 
Gate, her brother, who married first, Annie Harrison Armistead ; 
second, her sister Alary Lucenia Armistead, are both the children 
of James and Mary Gate of Owensboro, Kentucky. Their mater- 
nal grandmother, Sarah Nichols, married Phipps ; their 

maternal great-grandmother was Margaret Randolph of Virginia, 
who married Nichols. 

The children of Wirt M. Armistead and Sarah Gate, his wife, 
are : Wirt Mayo A., Jr., James Gate A. and Frances Allina A. 

(6) Mary Lucenia Armistead, born in Richmond, Va., ma-- 
ried James H. Gate in Nashville, Tenn., September 20, 1899. 
Issue: Wirt Armistead C, Mary Lou G., Elizabeth Mayo C, 
Margaret Randolph G., Robert Armistead G. (died in infancy), 
and Dorothy Harrison G. They reside in Hopkinsville, Ky. 

Annie Armistead Gate, eldest child of James H. Gate and 
Anne H. Armistead his first wife, married, March 8, 1909, Frank 
R. King, of Leighton, Ala. 

170 The Armistead Family 

F. R. King's maternal grandmother was Fanny Louise Boggs, 
cf Philadelphia, whose mother, Margaret Dent, was sister of 
Mrs. U. S. Grant's mother. His great-grandmother was Steptoe 
Pickett, who married Sarah Felicia Chilton, of Fauquier County. 
It is said that the Picketts were Huguenots. Of the three broth- 
ers who came to the colonies, one settled in New England, one in 
Carolina, and one in Virginia. William Pickett, son of the Vir- 
ginia emigrant, married Elizabeth, daughter of Hon. Mordecai 
Cooke and Elizabeth Buckner, his wife, of Gloucester County. 

The following paper was read before the Tennessee Woman's 
Historical Association : 

Catherine Sherrill Sevier. 

"The settlers who planted civilization west of the Alleghenie.s 
were mostly North Carolinians and Virginians; the 'culled 
wheat' of that Old Dominion who possessed those good qualities 
which made the name Virginian a badge of honor throughout the 
colonies. Among those extrao'rdinary people were two families 
which are connected with my subject, and who were considered 
'well-to-do' people of the pioneer days ; one from Virginia, the 
family of John Sevier, and the other from North Carolina, which 
was the family of Samuel Sherrill. The latter consisted of sev- 
eral sons and two daughters, Susan, who married Col. Taylor, a 
gentleman of distinction, and Catherine Sherrill, the subject of 
my paper, who was destined to be a queen of society. 

"Catherine first opened her blue eyes into this world at her 
father's home on the banks of the Yadkin in North Carolina. She 
comes to notice in history for the first time when about the age 
of twenty : a strikingly attractive young lady, tall and willowy, 
quite erect in carriage ; possessing a wealth of brown hair which 
agreed wondrously well with her clear complexion ; a roman nose 
and a square chin, combining beauty with strength and force of 
character and endowed with a lovely disposition, this beautiful 
girl thoroughly enjoyed the life of a pioneer, and was not only 
one of the handsomest but the bravest and best girls of the set- 
tlement who faced the dangrers of frontier life. 

The Armistead Family 171 

"It was in 1776 when the bravery and presence of mind and 
Heetness, the last for which this child of the wilderness was 
famed, were put to the test, making a romantic incident in her 
life which has come down in history. It was at Fort Watauga, 
in the summer time, that the pioneers were warned of the ap- 
proach of the Cherokees, and most of the settlers had gathered 
in the fort. Not fearing an immediate attack, early in the morn- 
ing, July 31st, several women ventured outside the fort, among 
them Catherine Sherrill. They had been out only a short whi'.e 
when they were startled by a war whoop. Screaming, they male 
a rush for the gate — all reaching it save one, Catherine Sherrill, 
who had wandered farther than the others. She darted with the 
fleetness of the wind when she saw the Indians between her and 
the fort. Among those inside who saw her peril w^as Capt. John 
Sevier, who, with several other men rushed out of the gate hoping 
to rescue her. But Capt. James Robertson, realizing how futile 
were their efforts against three hundred Indians, called them in 
and began firing upon the enemy with their rifles. Catherine, 
realizing the situation turned and made a dash for the other 
side of the forf, the walls of which were eight feet high. It 
was now a race for life, but with the agility of a deer she 
reached the wall. She was aided by some one within, but his 
foot slipped and they each fell on opposite sides of the wall. 
The Indians were close upon her; their bullets and arrows 
around Tier like hail. It was now leap the wall or die, for she 
could not live a captive. With one mighty spring she gained 
the top. Captain Sevier was there and caught her in his arms 
as she leaped inside, greeting her with 'Bonnie Kate, a brave 
girl for a foot race.' 

"Captain Sevier was at this time a married man, having mar- 
ried at the age of seventeen in Virginia, Sarah Hawkins, who 
had remained with her younger children in Virginia until Cap- 
tain Sevier and the oldest sons had located and improved a home 
in the wilderness of the Watauga Valley. She died in Virginia 
in 1779, leaving ten children. In 1780, within four years after 
Catherine SherrilKs thrilling and romantic escape from the In- 

1/2 The Armistead Family 

dians, she was married to Captain John Sevier. The women of 
those days were taught all the arts of domestic life, and Cathe- 
rine Sherrill Sevier, now the mistress of the Sevier estate, Tlum 
Grove,' assumed the duties of the household quite gracefully an J 
with much devotion to her husband for a period of forty years. 
****** * 

"To the prudent and judicious actions of ]\Ir5. Catherine 
Sevier was due much of her husband's popularity and success--. 
When the establishment of the State of Frankland was effected 
by those settlers who were dissatisfied with the state of affairs 
under Xorth Carolina's control. John Sevier was chosen the 
first, as well as the last. Governor of the new State. This 
gave some offense, and Governor Sevier was entrapped 
and lured by the enemies into North Carolina. Again 
did Mrs. Sevier show her unusual qualities of daring and 
promptly arranged and urged his friends to rescue him. After 
these times were over and the new State became Tennessee, Gov- 
ernor Sevier, the idol of his people, was again chosen as their 
Governor, and was re-elected again and again, and yet again, 
serving twelve years, the limited term of eligibility to the office. 
During this period the Governor's mansion, known as 'The Hos- 
pitable ]\Iansion,' was a home of culture and refinement and 
graceful hospitality, wdiere levees and brilliant receptions were 
held, graced b}^ the beauty and gallantry of Tennessee, and over 
which this superb woman, ^Irs. Catherine Sherrill Sevier reigned 
as queen, and whose wit and brilliancy not only brightened the 
life of her adoring husband, but those with whom she came in 

Mary Louisa Armistead, daughter of Robert Augustus Armi- 
stead and ]\Iartha Ann Savage, his wife, was born in Hampton, 
Va., where her girlhood was spent. She was educated at Col. 
John B. Gary's school — Hampton Academy. 

During the war she, with the rest of the family, refugeed 
from place to place — always near the front. The longest stay 
was in Petersburg, till a shell came crashing through the next 

The Armistead Family 173 

house, another burying itself under the porch of her home, 
which necessitated another move — one of nine — till the family 
settled permanently in Richmond in 1866. After the break-up 
from Hampton, her father determined to keep near the fighting 
line so as to be in touch with his sons. 

Mary Lou Armistead was a veritable war-time belle, her 
vivacity, music and singing charming away for the time all 
thought of hardship and danger which encompassed those brave 
men, some of whom met death a few hours after their voices 
and hers mingled in those dear old songs that come echoing 
through that glorious past like "bells at evening pealing." It 
was in Richmond that she met William C. Nelson, whom she 
married in 1867. 

She was one of the pioneers in establishing a Southern Chau- 
tauqua at ^lonteagle, Tenn., spending her first summer there in 
a tent. The family have spent their summers there for the past 
thirty years — perhaps more — she holding various offices in the 
management. For years she has been chairman of the com- 
mittee to choose books for the library. The cultured atmosphere 
of this Chautauqua has been, and still is, thoroughly congenial 
to her and her family. Nashville, Tenn., is their winter home. 

Nelson Excursus. 

Edward Nelson, son of James Nelson, of Essex County, Eng- 
land, was born A. D. 1690. He had one sister, Elizabeth, older 
than himself, their parents dying when they were very young. 
They resided with an uncle who lived in a small village near 
London. Edward Nelson in boyhood was of an erratic disposi- 
tion and in consequence of the harshness of his uncle and guar- 
dian became tired of school. Making the acquaintance of the 
captain of an English merchantman, he became quite fond of 
him, and the captain returned this afifection. On one occasion, 
when the vessel lay in port, and whilst young Edward was al- 
lowed a vacation from studies, the captain, by glowing accounts 
of the pleasures of a sailor's life, so fired the imagination of his 
youthful friend that Edward determined to accompany him on 

174 The Armistead Family 

his next voyage. Having preconcerted an arrangement with 
the captain, he, one Sunday morning, feigned sickness in order 
to remain at home whilst his uncle and family attended church. 
In their absence he made up a small bundle of clothing, and 
avoiding the observation of the servants, succeeded in getting 
on board the vessel which sailed a few hours afterwards. At 
that period he was only fourteen years of age. After an adven- 
turous life of fourteen years upon the ocean, during which he 
visited almost every port of the then known world, he landed 
in Virginia and settled on Little River, in the county of Han- 
over, then called New Kent. During his voyage he had the mi.i- 
fortune to lose one of his eyes. The year after landing in Vir- 
ginia he married Mary Garland, the second daughter of Edward 
and Jane Garland, who had settled in that county many years 
prior to that time. Issue, among others, James Nelson, who 
married iii 1750 Keziah Harris. Issue, among others, Peter 
Carr Nelson, who married, December 4, 1789, Nancy Lawrence. 
Issue, among others, James Henry Nelson, who moved to Holly 
Springs, Miss., and married, November 26, 1840, Maria Court- 
ney Goodrich (James). Issue, among others, William Cowper 
Nelson, who married, March 26, 1867, at Centenary Churc.i, 
Richmond, Va. Mary Louisa Armistead, Daughter of Robert A. 
Armistead and Martha Anne Savage, of Hampton, Va. Issue: 
Martha Armistead Nelson; Maria Courtney Nelson, died June 
17, 1871, Richmond, Va. ; James Henry Nelson, died September 
4, 1872, Nashville, Tenn. ; William Clarence Nelson, died May 
14, 1876, Nashville, Tenn.; Mary Louise Nelson; Robert Armi- 
stead Nelson ; Virginia Garber Nelson ; Kinlock Falconer Nelson, 
died July 9, 1885, Nashville, Tenn. ; Wilbur Armistead Nelson, 

Rev. Peter Carr Nelson, born 1757, was rector of St. Mattins 
Parish, Hanover County, Va., in 1789. According to Bishop 
Meade's Old Families of Virginia he was still rector of the par- 
ish in 1799, and was pastor of the Old Fork Church in 1808 or 
1809 according to Dr. Jeter's Baptist Ministers of Virginia. 
He was baptized by immersion, together with his wife, and con- 

The Armistead Family 175 

nected himself with the Baptist Church. He died February 15, 
1827, and was buried at the Old Fork Church bv the side of his 
wife, Nancy Lawrence, who died in Alay, 1814, in the forty- 
fifth year of her age. 

Rev. Peter Carr Nelson was educated by Mr. Anderson Bell, 
a Scotchman, who also educated the children of the Berkeleys 
and Pages. He entered William and Mary College (the Uni- 
versity not then being endowed) ; graduated with great dis- 
tinction. Soon after went to Philadelphia, took orders, and 
preached twenty years in the Old Fork Church (Episcopal), 
Hanover. He married Anne Lawrence, daughter of Mr. Edward 
Lawrence and Fannie Taylor, who was sister of Mr. Thomas 
Taylor, a prominent citizen of Richmond. Va., and first cousin 
to the Gaits, Ellises, Harrisons. 

Peter Nelson was esteemed the most learned man of his age. 
He left five sons and three daughters, remarkable for literary 
culture and high order of mind. The eldest of his three daugh- 
ters married Rev. Thomas N. Fox of the English family — hi.s 
father being nephew of Lord Holland and cousin of the cele- 
brated statesman. Their daughter Elizabeth was considered by 
the learned men of that time to possess "more mental and moral 
energy-" than any other woman they had ever known. Mary 
Nelson, the youngest, w^as alike celebrated for great personal 
beauty and lovely character. Fanny Nelson was an intelligent 
and useful wOman. The eldest sons of these three ladies were 
remarkable for their high order of intellect. Wallace Day, son 
of Frances, attained great distinction as a lawyer. Mary Nel- 
son Schooler's son, although he died young, wrote some works 
which became text-books in England. 

William Cowper Nelson's War Record. 

"William Cowper , Nelson entered Barksdale's Brigade (we 
think it was the Thirteenth Mississippi Infantry) Army of North- 
ern Virginia, in spring of 1861 as a private, and wintered in Pen- 
sacola. Served in this brigade until the latter part of 1862 or 
early part of 1863, when he was transferred and commissioned 

1/6 The Armistead Family 

lieutenant of ordinance for Harris' Mississippi Brigade, Ma- 
hone's Division, Hill's Corps, A. N. Va., and with this command 
served until the surrender at Appomattox. In spring of 1865 
was commissioned captain, but army surrendered before this 
commission went into effect. Was commended in Army Bulle- 
tin for bravery in carrying dispatches under fire at Fredericks- 
burg, where his brigade was the last to fall back. Was in the 
battles around Richmond, Second Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fred- 
ericksburg, etc." 

Extract from the Kentucky and Tennessee Board of Under- 
writers : 

"As secretary of the Board, Colonel Nelson brought to the 
service of the associated companies the fruits of a long, active 
and valuable experience in underwriting. Possessing a mind of 
great breadth and intelligence, highly trained in scholarship, 
and by application to the problems of underwriting in the field 
and in the office, he rendered services of great value to the in- 
terests committed to his care. Strong in his convictions, firm in 
his business purposes, he was animated solely by the desire to do 
justice under all circumstances. 

"Colonel Nelson's personal qualities greatly endeared him to 
all the members of this Association. His wide and varied schol- 
arship, his genial humor and great kindness of heart and gene- 
rosity of nature, made him, under all circumstances, a delightful 
friend and companion." 

W. C. Nelson was born in Holly Springs, Miss., September 
7, 1841 ; died in Louisville, Ky., July 2, 1904. 

Martha Armistead Nelson, eldest daughter of William C. 
Nelson and Mary Lou Armistead, married Claude Waller, of 
Nashville, Tenn., December, 1895, in New Orleans, La. 

Judge Claude Waller, of Nashville, Tenn., general counsel 
for N. C. & St. L. R. R., is the son of William Waller, of Hen- 
derson County, Kentucky, and Elizabeth Muir, his wife, of Nel- 
son County, Kentucky, married November 10, 1836, near Bards- 
town, Nelson County. See Old King William Homes and Fam- 
ilies for English line of the Waller family of Notinghamshire 
from the twelfth century. 

The Armistead Family 177 

William Waller (father of Claude) was the son of Aarcn 
Waller, who was the son of John Waller. This John was the 
son of John who went from Virginia to Maryland, thence to 
Kentucky, to what is now known as Washington County. There 
is a tradition that he was taken prisoner by the Indians on hi^ 
journey and carried to Ohio, where he was kept for more than 
a year, escaping and rejoining his family in Kentucky. His 
son John settled in what is now Union County, in i8o6-'7, ss 
shown by deed registered in County Court of Henderson (which 
then included Union County) "conveying to John Waller of 
W"ashington Co. about two thousand acres of land lying a few 
miles from the present county seat of Union Co." 

(i) John Waller, of England, born 1617, married Mary Key; 
settled in New Kent County, Va., 1635. He brought with hivn 
a seal with the Waller Arms, which is now in the possession of 
one of his descendants. He had a son (2) John (Col. John W.). 
of Enfield. King William County, afterwards moved to Ne\^;- 
port, Spotsylvania County, born 1673 ; died 1754. Married pro- 
bably about 1700 Dorothy King. He was sheriff of King Wil- 
liam Count}-, 1702; burgess 1710; first clerk of Spotsylvania 
County 1722-1742. Issue: Mary, married Zackery Lewis; Ed- 
mund, (3) John, Thomas, Benjamin, William. (3) John Wal- 
ler was born about 1706-7, and was probably the John who emi- 
grated to Kentucky, 

Elizabeth Muir (wife of William Waller, of Kentucky), 
daughter of (3) William L. Muir, who was the son of (2) Wil- 
liam Muir, an M. D. of the Edinburgh University; his father, 
William Muir, was also an M. D. of Ayr, Scotland. (2) Wil- 
liam Muir, eldest son, came to this country just prior to the 
Revolutionary War, intending to return to Scotland, but he 
married an English lady, Loch, and settled in Mary- 
land, close to the Potomac, until 1806, when he settled in Nelson 
County, Kentucky, about two and a half miles from Bardstown, 
where he practiced his profession until he w^as eighty- four ; died 
when eighty-six. The above statement was written by him, a^d 
is in the possession of the family. 

178 The Armistead Family 

Issue of Claude Waller and Martha Armistead Nelson, his 
wife: William, James Muir, Robert Armistead and Martha Nel- 

"Deep in the recesses of a lonely group of pnes in the edge 
of a wood" in Spotsylvania County is the tomb of William Wal- 
ler (third clerk of Spotsylvania), who died January 10, 1760, 
age 45 years and 7 months. 

Among the libraries of Colonial Virginia was that Colonel 
John Waller of New Port, first clerk of Spotsylvania, inventory 
recorded in Spotsylvania County, February 5, 1755. His daugh- 
ter Mary, who married Zachery Lewis, had a descendant, Lewis 
Littlepage, who accompanied Mr. Jay, the United States Minis- 
ter at Madrid, to that city. He volunteered in an expedition 
against Minorca in 1781, and was with the Count Nassau at the 
seige of Gibralter. He afterwards went to Warsaw, where he 
"enjoyed the esteem and confidence of Stanislaus, King of Po- 
land." Littlepage held, under that monarch, the office of Am- 
bassador to Russia. Lewis Littlepage died in Fredericksburg, 
Va., in 1802, being in the fortieth year of his age. John, son of 
above Col. John, is supposed to be the John who went from Vir- 
ginia to Kentucky as before stated, from whom is descended 
Judge Claude Waller, now living in Nashville, Tenn. 

"Enfield," the original home of the Waller family in King 
William County, Va., is situated on the bank of the Mattapony 
River; the land is part of the original grant to John Waller b, 
Iving Charles. The patent is still in existence. The house is 
more than one hundred and fifty years old, and has been occu- 
pied by a long line of Wallers. It was from here that Benjamin 
Waller, who married Miss Travis, started to Alabama in 1820. 

The following by Mr. Stanard, Secretary Virginia Historical 
Society, that most accurate of genealogists : 

"Waller, one of the most ancient and distinguished among 
the English gentry, was founded by Alurcd de W^aller, a Nor- 
man who settled in County of Kent and died in 1183. From him 
descended the Wallers of that and other countries. Richard 
Waller distin-juishcd himself at the battle of Agincourt, where 

The Armistead Family 179 

he took prisoner the French prince, Duke of Orleans. Henry 
fifth, in honor of his services added, to the ancient Arms of the 
family (which were "sable, three walnut leaves or. between two 
bendlets az) the crest, a walnut tree proper, or the sinister side 
an escutcheon pendant, charged with the Arms of France (three 
fleur de lis) with a label of three points and the motto: 'Haec 
fructus virtutis.' The first of the A'irginia branch, John W. 
(M. D.), either a descendant or near relative of the poet Ed- 
mund Waller, a prominent citizen of New Port, Paganel, Buck- 
inghamshire, England, was living in 1688. Married Mary 

. Issue : Leonard, William, John, ]\Iary, Thomas, 

Stephen, Benjamin, Edmund (M. D.), James, Jemima. 

"Dr. Edmund Waller was a senior fellow of St. John's Col- 
lege, Cambridge, where he died in 1745. 

"The third son, John Waller, came to \"irginia in latter part 
of seventeenth century, and settled in King and Queen County, 
afterward King William on Mattapony. He was sheriff 1702, 
justice 1705, burgess 1719. When the county of Spotsylvania 
was formed, 1721, he was the first clerk, which he held till 1742: 
died in 1754. Possessed a silver seal, with same crest, arms, and 
motto described above. He, John Waller, married Dorothea 
King. The Rev. W. E. Waller, born 1750, minister more than 
fifty years, removed to Kentucky 1781, but died in his native 
county July, 1830. He had five sons — two of them ministers in 
Kentucky. A third, William Smith Waller, born 1785, died 
1855, was a prominent banker in Kentucky; married Catherine 
Breckenridge. Issue: four sons and three daughters." 

\\'ilbur Teackle Armistead, fifth son and ninth child of Rob- 
ert Augustine Armistead and Martha Ann Savage, his wife, was 
only seventeen when the war broke out. Joined Company K, 
First Regiment of Engineers, A. N. Va., Col. T. M. R. Talcott 
commander; surrendered and was parolled at Appomattox C. H., 
Va., April 9, 1865. He had several hair-breadth escapes and 
interesting experiences. Was the recipient of a pass from Gen- 
eral R. E. Lee worded, "Pass W. T. Armistead, private, any- 

i8o The Armistead Family 

where within the hnes." In 1867 he went to Bohva, Tenn., 10 
live; there married, October 26, 1869, Lucie Bills, daughter 01 
John Houston Bills and Lucy Ann Duke — sister of Col. R. T. 
W. Duke, a prominent and distinguished family of Albemarle 
County, Va. Lucy Ann Duke was the widow of David Wood of 
that county. John Houston Bills was a direct descendant of John 
Bills and Dorothy, his wife, who came to this country, Massa- 
chusetts, prior to 1635, and owned a large part of the land on 
which the City of Boston now stands. Lucie, wife of W. T. 
Armistead, died at "Sunnyside," Albemarle County, Va., the 
home of her uncle, Col. Duke, March 9, 1893 ; buried in Holly- 
wood, Richmond, Va. No children by this marriage. 

After this, W. T. Armistead moved back to Richmond, and 
June 20, 1895, married in Memphis, Tenn., Emma LeMaster, 
daughter of Nathaniel Field LeMaster and Olivia Ann Rawlings, 
his wife. Issue by this marriage: Nathaniel LeMaster Armi- 
stead, born August 8, 1896, in Richmond, Va. ; Emma Olivia 
Armistead, born in Memphis, March 20, 1904; Wilbur Teackle 
Armistead (a daughter), born in Corinth, Miss., December 16, 
1905, where they now reside (1908). 

Wilbur T. Armistead possesses many of the characteristics nf 
his father — notably, his independence in thought and action. 


John LeMaster, the grandfather of James Sturgis LeMaster, 
came to Virginia in 1700 and obtained grants of land in Amherst 
County, which was then a wild region. The Floyds also settled 
here, coming from Wales. William Floyd married Abidiali 
Davis, daughter of Robert Davis, who owned large tracts of the 
richest lands in Amherst. In 1751, at the age of 18, married 
Miss Burfoot ; she died a year later. Col. John Floyd moved to 
Botetourt County. In 1774 Col. Floyd went to Kentucky to- 
gether with his two brothers-in-law John LeAIaster, who mar- 
ried Jemima Floyd, and Peter Sturgus, who married Abidiah 
Floyd. Col. Floyd owned a fine estate on Beargrass Creek, six 
miles from Louisville. He built a fort and stockade. 

The Armistead Family i8i 

John LeMaster emigrated at an early date to Virginia, and 
married Jemima Floyd. Issue, among others, John Floyd Le- 

Sturgus was also an early settler in Virginia, and married 
Abidiah Floyd. Issue, among others, Peter Sturgus, who mar- 
ried Anne Tyler and had one child, a daughter. Margaret. 

Peter Sturgus and John LeMaster were both killed in the 
same fight with the Indians in the fort near Louisville. The 
same day Anne Tyler Sturgus with her infant, Margaret, was 
on her way to the fort to see her husband, when she was cap- 
tured by the Indians and marched to Montreal, where she re- 
mained a prisoner nearly a year. Was exchanged by the British 
who had taken cl^iarge of all prisoners when they reached Mon- 
treal. She returned to Louisville a year from the day of her 
capture. . 

John Floyd LeMaster, son of Jane Floyd and John LeMaster, 
married Margaret Sturgus the infant captive. Issue : two sons, 
Charles and James Sturgus LeMaster, the former killed in the 
first duel ever fought in Kentucky. James Sturgus LeMaster 
married Penelope Pope Field. James Sturgus, brother of Peter 
Sturgus, married Jamima Floyd LeMaster, widow of John Le- 
Master, killed by the Indians. Their daughter, Cynthia Sturgus, 
married William Pope, son of Col. William Pope, of Jefiferson 
County, Ky. ; their daughter Jane married Maj. Abner Field. 

The Floyd notes were copied from Floyd Family, written by 
Mrs. Letitia P. Floyd, wife of Governor John Floyd, of Virginia. 

Olivia Ann Rawlings, wife of Nathaniel Field LeMaster, 
was the daughter of J. J. Rawlings and Olivia Anne Sedgwick, 
of Calvert County, Md. The mother of Olivia Ann Sedgwick 
was a Miss Alexander, of Lancaster County, Va. 

Mr. J. J. Rawlings was of an old and prominent family of 
Calvert County, Md. ; his mother was a Miss Claire of same 
county. Mr. J. J. Rawlings was one of the earliest settlers of 
Memphis, when it was known as Chickasaw Bluffs. 

William Pope, of Jefiferson County, Ky., son of William 
Pope, of Fauquier County, Va., and Miss Notherton emigrated 

i82 The Armistead Family 

to Kentucky in 1779 with his wife Penelope Edwards, daughter 
of Hayden Edwards. Issue, among others, Jane Pope, who mar- 
ried Maj. Abner Field, an early settler of Kentucky, and one 
of the first representatives in the Virginia House of Burgesses. 
Issue, among others, Penelope Pope Field, who married, May 
5. 1824, James Stu:rgus LeMaster. Soon after their marriage 
they moved near Athens, Ala. In 1833 they went down the 
Tennessee River in flat boats to Memphis, and settled near 
Raleigh, the county seat of Shelby. In 1837 they moved to 
"Greenwood," the LeMaster home estate, nine miles southeast 
of Memphis, where they lived until their death, James Sturgus 
dying in 1874, aged 74 years, and Penelope dying in 1880, aged 
79 years. 

They had ten children, among them Nathaniel Field Le- 
Master, born February 13, 1836; married Olivia A. Rawlings 
October, 1857. Issue, among others, Emma LeMaster, who mar- 
ried Wilbur Teackle Armistead, of Richmond, Va., June 20, 
1895, in Memphis; James Sturgus LeMaster, and William Pope 
LeMaster, who married, 1906, Sadie Railey, of Denver, Colo- 
rado, in which State they now reside. Issue: Nathaniel F. Le- 
Matser, Jr. 

The Popes were pioneers of the State of Kentucky and promi- 
nent in State and military afifairs ; intermarried with the Pres- 
tons, Brookes, Sturgus, Bullocks, Oldhoms, Fields, Tontonies. 

Westwood Smith, twelfth child and sixth son of Robert Au- 
gustine Armistead and Martha Ann Savage, his wife, was born 
17th day of May, 1854; died in Chicago suddenly when thirty- 
five years old; buried in Hollywood, Richmond, Va. He was 
educated at private schools in Richmond, Va., and Ranolph- 
Macon College. In 1883, October loth, he married Mary Adele 
Talbott, of Richmond, Va. Issue, Caroline Talbott Armistead. 

Mary Adele Talbott, daughter of Charles Talbott and Caro- 
line Moore Benson, his wife, was born in Richmond, Va. 

Charles Talbott, of English ancestry, was born in Anne 
Arundel County (now Howard County), Maryland, September 

The Armistead Family 183 

15, 1813. Was the son of John Lawrence and Mary (Porter) 
Talbott, who was the son of Richard and Ruth Dorsey (widow 
Todd) Talbott, and who descended from Richard Talbott, who 
received in 1649 ^ patent from the Proprietary Government of 
the Province for a tract of land called "Timber Neck," located 
on the south side of West River in Anne Arundel County, Mary- 
land. He also acquired large bodies of land, afterwards his 
home, known as "Poplar Knoll," which remained in possession 
of the family until 1755. 

In 1655 Richard^ Talbott married Elizabeth Ewen, daughter 
of Major Richard Ewen, a prominent man in the Province 
Richard Talbott came to Maryland by invitation of Governor 
Stone in 1649, settling there at the same period with Sir William 
Talbott, Col. George Talbott, who were all relatives of Lord 

Clipped from the Trade Journal: 

"The mechanical world will be interested in knowing that 
the late Charles Talbott, of the house of Talbott & Sons, of Rich- 
mond, \"a., was the inventor and builder of the first portable 
steam engine ever constructed. This occurred in 1840. Mr. 
Talbott possessed a rare mechanical genius which was illus- 
trated in the extensive and prosperous business he founded in 
Richmond. He was, moreover, a man of great moral worth, and 
his sudden death, which occurred but a little more than a year 
ago, at the age of sixty-eight years, was deeply lamented by 
all who knew him. His genius, and his life, which was marked 
for honorable deeds, are a monument more enduring than 

Charles Talbott married. May 31, 1836, Caroline Moore Ben- 
son, who was born in Princess Anne, Somerset County, Mary- 
land, October 17, 1813. She was the daughter of George and 
Jane (Anderson) Benson, and granddaughter of Adam and 
Amelia (Benson) Anderson, and settled in Richmond, Va., in 


During the Civil War, Shockoe Machine Works, owned by 
the Talbotts, were turned over to the Confederate Government for 

184 The Armistead Family 

the manufacture of machinery, etc. He then retired to his coun- 
try seat, "Midlothian," in Gloucester County, Va., remainin>y 
there until the close of the war, returning to Richmond to con- 
tinue his business, which grew to be one of the largest in the 
South before his death, December 17, 1881. 

April 24, 1910, the following appeared in the Times-Dispatch, 
twenty-eight years after Mr. Talbott's death : 

"On April 24, 1882, the chimes of Centenary Church first 
rang out as a memorial to the founder of the Talbott family in 
Richmond, a man who was most closely allied with the business 
life, the social life, and the religious life of this city in his da\, 
and who went to his grave full of years and rich in the esteem 
and respect of his fellow townsmen." 

Ruth Dorsey, the grandmother of Charles Talbott, came of a 
distinguished family of Maryland. The Dorsey or D'Arcy, origi- 
nally French, trace back to the days of the Crusaders. They fol- 
lowed William the Norman to England ; later settled in Ireland, 
where they were powerful in the councils of the nation. 

The Arms of the Irish branch are now borne by the Maryland 

Edward Dorsey came to Maryland in 1642. His son (Hon.) 
John Dorsey was member of House of Burgesses, 1692-1700, 
1703-1710, when he became member of the Council; was also at 
that time commissioned colonel of militia. {Maryland Archives, 
Vols. XIII., XXVI-XXIX., and Colonial Dames Register 1908, 
by Dr. C. C. Johnson.) The line runs thus: Honorable John 
Dorsey married Pleasants Ely ; "their son Edward Dorsey mar- 
ried Ruth Gillis ; their son Captain John Dorsey married Eliza- 
beth Hill; their daughter Ruth Dorsey married Richard Talbott; 
their son John Lawrence Talbott married, second, Mary Porter ; 
their son Charles Talbott married Caroline Benson, all of Mary- 

The family Bible of Robert Armistead and Elizabeth Smith, 
his wife, being unusual in size, illustrations, and type, and the 
date torn out, the editor wrote to Rev. John Wright, a Bible ex- 
pert, sendng a section of a torn illustration and of title page, to 

The Akmistead Family 1S5 

learn what she could of the Bible — which is seventeen inches 
long, ten and a half wide, four thick ; bound in calf, covered with 
black bombazine. Mr. Wright replied promptly and courteously 
in the following letters : It is gratifying to know that this Bible 
will be listed among those in Mr. Wright's second edition of 
Historic Bibles. 

"St. Paul, January 4, 1907. 
''Dear Mrs. Garber,- 

"An American reprint of your Bible appeared in New Yoik 
in 1801. It was edited by Rev. Paul Wright, D. D., Vicar o: 
Oakley. I have written to England to the present \lcar of Oak- 
ley to ask if he can give me the date of the English edition. I 
have returned the title page and portion of the engraving. 

"If I can have a biography of the original owner of this Bible, 
I can use it for the second edition of Historic Bibles. Was iis 
patriot or orator ? 

"Sincerely yours, 

"John Wright."" 

"St. Paul^ February 8, 1908. 
"My Dear Mrs. Garber: 

"I thank you for your splendid family history so complete in 
every respect. I shall consult it freely in making up my manu- 
script. I have written to the librarian of the British Museum in 
regard to the date of your Bible. Will let you know as soon as 
I hear from him. 

"Sincerely yours, 

"John Wright."" 

St. Paul, March 3, 1908. 
"il/y Dear Mrs. Garber: 

"I have just heard from the librarian of the British Museum. 
Fortunately they have a duplicate of your Bible in that institu- 
tion, and the date is 1782. 

"I trust this will be of great satisfaction to you. 
"Sincerely yours, 

"John Wright." 

The Armistead Family 


This summer (1907), while in Hampton examining Armi- 
stead wills in the Clerk's office, we happened to mention to Mr. 
William Westwood, who was kindly assisting us, that we were 
still uncertain about our grandmother, Elizabeth Smith's line. 
The older members of the family were all gone who could ha^e 
have taken delight in it, but during his life time we never thought 
of such things, and cared less. Our grandmother, Elizabeth 
Smith, We had always heard from our father, was of superb ap- 
pearance, dressed always in accord with her dignity and posi- 
tion — a clever woman of fine executive ability. She thought 
much of her Smith lineage, giving her name to more than half 
of her children. Our only clew was that our father frequently 
spoke of a cousin, Lawrence Smith, who was a cotemporary, 
and lived in Hampton. As soon as we mentioned this fact to 
Mr. Westwood, he told us that a daughter of that Mr. Lawrence 
Smith, Mrs. Gumming, lived in Hampton, and could no doubt 
put us in the way of finding out all that we desired. We were 
soon at Mrs. Cumming's 'residence on Armistead Avenue, and 
to our great delight she told us that Elizabeth Smith's fathe;', 
Thomas Smith, and her father's grandfather, Lawrence Smith, 
of Yorktown, were twin brothers. She had heard her father 
say this repeatedly. She referred us to Mr. Tyler's Temple 
Farm records. 

Returning to Richmond, we found the Lawrence Smith re- 
cords, but decided to go to Yorktown to examine a deed referred 
to by Mr. Tyler; as well as wills. 

That day in Yorktown will ever be remembered as one of 
the most interesting of our life. We had a delightful trip from 
West Point on the York River steamer, which landed us there 
after dark. "Mine host of the Swan Tavern" (built on the site 
of the old Swan Tavern) piloted us over a sandy, rough-and- 
tumble road ; no sidewalks, no light but the stars. We soon re- 
tired, sleeping in a high tester bedstead; arose early the next 
morning, and strolled, before breakfast, through the old town, 

The Armistead Famha' 



Taken from the Arms on the tomb of Mildred Smith (sister of 
Thomas Smith), who married David Jamison, Lieutenant- 
Governor of Virginia. The tomb is at Temple 
Farm, impaled with the Jamison Arms. 

i88 The Armistead Family 

that seems to have gone into a trance that has lasted for a cen- 
tury and a half. 

Just across, on a side road, is the Episcopal Church, built 'n 
1700, of cemented marl or oyster shells, its simple structural 
'lines and solidity speaking proudly of the taste and craftsman- 
ship of our forefathers. Further on, the first Custom House in 
America recalls what a busy mart of trade this town once was, 
the river alive with ships coming from and going to the oM 
world. Near by is a rambling, old brick house, with its sloping 
roof and dormer windows, looking like a frowzy-browed, 
weather-beaten old man. When we came to the Nelson House we 
felt all the reverence that is its due, as it stands there, majestic 
and grave in its desolation. Visions came of us of our mother 
and Aunt Marga;ret tripping up those steps in high-heeled slip- 
pers and white satin gowns ; their youth, beauty, and bright antici- 
pations of the brilliant ball to Lafayette. How we children loved 
to hear her tell of the exciting preparations, going to Norfolk 
for the buying and making of the gowns — mother's was white 
satin — she was sixteen ; aunt Margaret older ; their long whiti; 
kid gloves had stamped on them miniature pictures of Lafayette. 
We remember seeing the beautiful thread lace worn in those 

Across the road from the Nelson House is an old, high- 
pointed, dormer window house, where the Nelsons lived before 
the new house was built. Just behind this, another old brick 
house, and further on another, all saying as "plain as whisper 
in the air, the place is haunted" — haunted with visions of dainty 
maids and stately dames, doughty esquires and lordly planters. 
We could hear the clarion voice of the Revolution echoing from 
Middle Plantation around the circle of the colonies, back to this 
hallowed ground, where our Washington forced the haughty 
English nobleman to surrender to American independence. 

We retraced our steps as in a dream. After breakfast we 
again drifted back to the colonial past in going ever old deeds and 
wills in the Clerk's office. After reading our great-great-grand- 
father, Edmund Smith's will, and learning that "Temple Farm*' 

The Armistead Family 189 

was the Smith homestead, as well as '"Bay Tree Plantation," we 
were more than anxious to go over the ground. We were simply 
amazed, as we drove along-, at the grand water view, where the 
York sweeps out boldly to the bay. Xever saw a finer location — 
the river makes a bend, sweeping around the bluff that slopes 
gradually inland. The house is in a fair state of preservation; 
the huge beams in the cellar look as if they were there for an- 
other century. Its existence as a plantation goes back to 1633; 
it was once owned by Governor Harvey. Here, one of thor-e 
traveling courts, which met by rotation in certain gentlemen's 
houses in the early seventeenth century, was probably held. 
Fierce circumstances have occurred on this historic spot. Gov- 
ernor Harvey mortgaged the land to George Menefie, and George 
Ludlow was the next owner. It touched the land of Nicholas 
]\Iartian, on which Yorktown stands. George Ludlow left this 
land to his nephew,, Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Ludlow. ]Mary, 
widow of this Thomas, married Reverend Peter Temple ; and 
it is most probable that Temple farm thus got one of its names. 
Major Lawrence Smith, of Gloucester, was its next owner. The 
old tale of Mr. Temple and Governor Spotswood's bodies restitig 
within this land is pretty well exploded. Major Smith bought 
Temple farm in 1686, and in 1691 he laid Benjamin Reade's land 
out into the present town. The lots were half-acres. 

Major Lawrence Smith's first wife was Mildred Chisman, 
grandmother of Thomas Smith of York. Lawrence Smith's sec- 
ond wife was Mildred, daughter of John Reade and great-grand- 
daughter of the first owner of Yorktown. She was sister of Mrs. 
Thomas Nelson, and for her sake probably Lawrence Smith 
bought land in the locality of her birth and early association. 
Robert Smith sold it in 1769 to iViigustine Moore, who had 
married his sister, Lucy Smith. Augustine Aloore died in 1788, 
and left Temple farm, now called (quite as often) the "Moore 
house,'^ to his "ever worthy friend, General Thomas Nelson," at 
the death of his wife. He had no children. The articles of sur- 
render were signed in the old house, pictorially so familiar to 
everybody — which was in 1781 the property of Augustine Moore. 

190 The Armistead Family 

It was built by the Ludlows and sold to Lawrence Smith in 1686. 
It was occupied by his descendants at the time that Washington 
stayed there and Lord ComwalHs surrendered. The place 
seemed so desolate the empty rooms and echoing hall, melan- 
choly at heart, with the sorrows and joys that seem to hallow 
every nook and cranny. As we stood in and passed through the 
silent rooms, we felt like stepping softly and speaking low in 
reverence for the history, the romance, the joys and sadness that 
float around the old mansion from the misty past. 

As we drove to Lee Hall in the evening, we felt as if awak- 
ening from a dream. 

The following is Mrs. Diana Whiting Cumming's afifidavii: : 

"I, Diana Whiting Gumming, of Hampton, Virginia, 1907, 
do hereby affirm that my father, Charles Lawrence Smith, re- 
peatedly said to me that Thomas Smith of York County, who 
married Elisabeth Armistead, whose daughter, Elisabeth Smith, 
married Robert Armistead of Elizabeth City County (1789), 
was the twin brother of Lawrence Smith, father of John Tabb 
Smith, who was the father of Charles Lawrence Smith, my 
father. August 30, 1907." 

This Thomas Smith and Lawrence Smith were the sons of 
Edmund Smith, whose will is given. 

Smith of Totness, Devonshire, England, settled in Abingdon 
Parish, Gloucester County, Va. 

The first Major Lawrence Smith was a man of great influ- 
ence and estate. He bore the coat-of-arms of the Smiths of 

Totness, County of Devon, England. He married Mary , 

and his will was dated August 8th, 1700, but no copy thereof has 
been preserved. The following children are mentioned in the 
records of York and Essex Counties : 

2. John, Esq., member of the Council, eldest son. 3. Laiv- 
rcncc, who settled in York County, and whose descendants are 
given in Quarterly, II., pages 10 ct seq. 4. William. There i^, 
about 1734, mention in Spotsylvania records of Thomas Ballard 
Smith, son of William Smith, who may have been this William. 
5. Augustine. 6. Charles. 7. Elizabeth, who married Captain 

FiiE Armistead Family 191 

John Battaile, of St. Mary's Parish, Essex County. In Essex 
records Lawrence Smith makes a deed to his "son-in-law" Capt. 
John Battaile, 16 June, 1700. Also recorded in February, i/oS-'o, 
guardian's bond of Augustine Smith, in behalf of "Lawrence 
Battaile, grandson of Major Lawrence Smith." The will of 
Captain John Battaile, dated 20th January, 1708 and proved 
10th February, 1709, names Elizabeth, sons John Lawrence, Hay 
and Nicholas Battaile, after various devises, gives residue to 
be equally divided between his wife and son John, when his 
wnfe marries or son comes of age; witnessed by Captain John 
Catlett, Mr. Francis Taliaferro and Mr. James Harrison ; men- 
tions also "Brother Charles Taliaferro," and Mr. William 
Thornton. 8. Sarah, married John Taliaferro, son of the emi- 
grant, Robert Taliaferro, and had issue Lawrence, John, Charles, 
Robert, Zachariah, Richard, William, Mary, Elizabeth, Sarah 
and Catharine. 

2. John- Smith (Lawrence ist Smith) was councillor, etc., 
resided in Abingdon Parish, and died there about i7i9-'20. He 
married Elizabeth Cox, daughter and heiress of Henry Cox 
whose will was proved in Rappahannock County. The wife of 
Henry Cox was Arabella Strachey, daughter of Mr. William 
Strachey, of Gloucester County, grandson of William Strachey, 
secretary to Lord Delaware in 1610. In the Strachey pedigree 
Henry Cox's name is erroneously given as John Cox. Issue of 
John Smith and Elizabeth Cox: 9. John, died October 12, 1701 ; 
10. ]Mary, born April 14, 1691, died March 15, 1724, married 
John Cooke,* of Ware Parish, Gloucester County; 11. Law- 
rence; 12. Mildred, born April, 1699; 13. John, born March 22, 

II. Lawrence^ Smith (John^, Lawrence^ married Mary 

■ , and appears to have had, 14. Elizabeth, baptized June 

24, 1721 ; 15. John, born February 24, 1722, but must have died 
without issue; 16. Lawrence, son and heir, born August 30, 

* There ii a quaint old brick house near the Pianketank, the ea.-ly 
residence of the Cookes. Mordecai Cooke patented eleven hundred and 
seventy- four acres at the head of Ware River en Mob Jack Bay. 

192 The Armistead Family 

1727. Mrs. Mary Smith, wife of Mr. Lawrence Smith, died 
July 10, 1728. 

16. Lawrence* (Lawrence^ John=, Major Lawrence^ Smith) 
exchanged in 1753 two tracts of land in Gloucester, descended 
from Major Lawrence Smith, for 4,000 acres owned by Warner 
Lewis in Spotsylvania County. Hening's Statutes-at-Largc, V., 

13. John^ Smith (John^ Lawrence^) married Mary , 

and had issue, 17. Mary, born 1735; 18. Mildred, born 1736; 
and 19. Robert, born January 29, iy7,6-y. Mrs. Mary Smith, 
relict of Mr. John Smith, deceased, departed this life November 

29, 1737- 

5. Augustine^ Smith* (A/[ajoir Lawrence^) lived in the Par- 
ish of St. Mary's, Essex County. In 1722 he qualified as one c.f 
the first bench of justices for Spotsylvania County. His will 
was proved in Orange County, July 20, 1736, and names issue, 
20, Thomas, of Prince William County, 21. Mary, wife of Rob- 
ert Slaughter. 

6. Charles^ Smith (Major Lawrence^ Smith). There is a 
deed in Essex dated April 8, 1704, from John Smith, eldest son 
of Lawrence Smith, to "brother Charles Smith." He lived in 
that part of Essex afterwards Caroline, and died about 1710, 
when his widow, Dorothy Smith, Augustine Smith and R. Bu-ck- 
ner gave bond in Essex court as his administrators. He left 
issue, eldest son, 22. Robert, who was the founder of Port Royal, 
in Caroline county. He died before 1740, leaving issue four 
children : 23. Lawrence, 24. Charles, 25. Sarah, who married 
Charles Venable, and 27 Dorothy. 

From the Smiths of "Temple Farm," near Yorktown, is 
descended Elizabeth Smith who married (178) Robert Armi- 

* Augustine Smith (son of Major Lawrence Smith, great-uncle of 
Thomas Smith, of York,) was one of the Knights of the GoMen Horse- 
shoe. He married Susanna Darnell ; had a son Thomas, a son John, and 
daughter Mary, who married Robert Slaughter. His will proved in 
Orange County; lived in St. Mary's Parish, Essex County. 

The Armistead Family 193 

]\Iajor Lawrence Smith of Abington Parish, Gloucester, was 

a man of great influence and estate. He married Mary , 

and his will was dated August 8, 1700, but no copy thereof has 
been preserved. In 1686 "Temple Farm," Yorktown, was sold 
to Alajor Lawrence Smith. He was surveyor for the Crown 
for the counties of York and Gloucester. In 1691 he laid out 
the town of Yorktown on the land of Benjamin Reade, and re- 
ceived fifty acres for the same. 

Note. — (The original drawing the editor saw this summer 
in Clerk's office at Yorktown.) 

Issue of Major (i) Lawrence Smith and Mary, his wife: 
(2) John^ (3) Lawrence^, (4) William'^, (5) Augustine^, (6) 
Charles^, (7) Elisabeth'^, (8) Sarah^. 

In 1674 Major Lawrence Smith appears in "historic annals." 
"At a grand Assembly held in James Cittie between the 30th of 
Sep. 1674 and 17th March 1675 ^^^ which war was declared 
against the Indians : among other provisions for carrying it on, 
w^as ordered out one hundred and eleven men out of Gloucester 
to be garrisoned at one fort near the falls of the Rappahannock, 
under the command of Alajor Lawrence Smith. In 1679, Major 
Lawrence Smith was empowered to have in readiness, at beat 
of drum, fifty able bodied men well armed, etc., and two hun- 
dred more within space of a mile back prepared always to march 
twenty miles in every direction ; he to execute martial discipline 
among said soldiers, both in peace and war, the said Lawrence 
Smith, with two others to hear and determine all cases, civ^il 
and criminal, that may arise within said limits, as a county 
court might do, and make by-laws for the same." 

Col. Lawrence Smith received immense grants of land from 
the Crown in the Rappahannock region three miles wide and five 
miles long in one tract. 

The author of Ingram's Proceedings forcibly describes Maj. 
Smith as a "gentleman that in his time had hued out many a 
knotty piece of work and soe the better knew how to handle 
such rugged fellows as the Baconians were found to be." 

Major Lawrence Smith patented certain land in Gloucester 

194 The Armistead Family 

which he named "Seven Hall ' in 1662, where he lived. Robert 
Talliaferro, of Cornwall England, emigrant, patented lands in 
Gloucester 1655-1662 on a swamp running into Poropotank 
Creek. He, with Lawrence Smith, patented 6,300 acres on Rap- 
pahannock. His son, Col. John Talliaferro, married Sarah 
Smith, daughter of Lawrence Smith. Issue : Lawrence Tallia- 
ferro, married Sarah Thornton, and was the father of William 
Thornton of King and Queen, grandfather of Philip Talliaferro 
of "Hockley." 

In 1699 the Governor recommended Lawrence Smith among 
the "gentlemen of estate and standing" suitable for appoint- 
ment to the Council. He died in 1700, and the honor of which 
the father was deemed worthy fell upon his oldest son John. 
(Councillors were appointed by the Crown from among the men 
of highest social standing and greatest estates.) 

(2) John^ Smith was councillor and county lieutenant; 
resided in Abington Parish and died 1719-20. He married Eliza- 
beth Cox. Issue of John Smith and Elizabeth Cox, his wife: 
Mary, Lawrence, Mildred, John. 

A deed June 24, 1703, in York County Court from John 
Smith of Abington Parish to brother Lawrence Smith reciting 
a clause of their father's will "Lawrence Smith late of Glou- 
chester the testator gave 1300 acres in Abington parish to John 
Smith and his lands in York parish and County to his son Law- 
rence Smith and remainder to his grandson, who died Oct. 12th 

Another son of Maj. (i) Lawrence Smith, called Col. (2) 
Lawrence, became the owner of the plantation at Wormeley's 
Creek (a large tract in York) ; we have the title set out in 
(York records) 1716 as follows: "The law decided for Col. 
Lawrence Smith." He was colonel, justice, and sheriff of York, 
married first, Mildred Chisman, daughter of Capt. Thomas 
Chisman; second, Mildred, daughter of John Reade. Edmund 
Smith was the son by first marriage with Mildred Chisman. 

Lawrence Smith's will proved i8th day , 171 5, mentions 

son Lawrence. 

The Armistead Family 195 

John Chisman, born 1597, came to York County, Va., 1621 ; 
was justice in 1635; burgess 1642-2; appointed to the Council 

1652 with rank of colonel. He married Margaret . 

Edmund Chisman was his brother, a justice in 1652; married 

Mary ; will proved in 1673. Two children of George 

Reade and Elizabeth Martain. his wife, married Chismans — 
Elizabeth R. married Captain Thomas Chisman, Francis R. mar- 
ried Jane Chisman. 

Edmund Smith married Agnes, daughter of Richard Sclater 
of York County. Issue: Lawrence and, Thomas (twins), Mil- 
dred, Mary. 

The will of Edmund Smith, dated December 13th, 1750, 
proved March i8th, 1750, bequeaths to his son Lawrence — to 
his son Thomas — to his daughter Mildred — to hi^ daughter 
Mary and to his wife, his land in Spotsylvania Co. directed to 
be sold. 

Thomas Smith, twin brother of Lawrence Smith, sons of 
Edmund Smith, married Elizabeth Armistead. Thomas Smith's 
daughter, Elizabeth, who married 178. Robert Armistead, had 

"Abington Parish register: 1725, Sarah and Mary Smith, 
twins, daughters of Lawrence Smith ; born June loth ; baptised 
July 4th." 

Following the Smith line down : 

Thomas Smith married, about 1766, 173 Elizabeth Armi- 
stead, daughter of 169. Westwood Armistead and Mary Tabb, 
his wife, who was daughter of Colonel John Tabb, of Elizabeth 
City County, and Mary, his wife, daughter of the Rev. James 
Sclater, of Charles Parish, York County, who died November 
19th, 1723. 

Children of Thomas Smith and Elizabeth Armistead : 

Elizabeth, born August 22, 1767. Mary, who married Mr. 
Young, of Scotland ; they resided alternately in Spotsylvania and 
Elizabeth County. 

Elizabeth Smith married her cousin, 178. Robert Armistead, 
of Elizabeth City County. 

196 The Armistead Family 

Thomas Smith's deed, referred to by Mr. Tyler, William and 
Mary Quarterly, Vol. VII., p. 20, reads as follows: 

"This indenture, made this, the eighth day of Nov., in the 
year one thousand and seven hundred and ninety eight. Between 
Thomas Smith of the County of York of the one part, and Rob- 
ert Armistead of the. County of Elizabeth City of the other part, 
Witnesseth that for, or in consideration of, the sum of three 
hundred pounds, current money of Virginia, to him the said 
Thomas Smith in hand paid at or before the sealing and delivery 
of these presents, by him, the said Robert Armistead, one cer- 
tain tract or parcel of Land lying in the Co. of York contain- 
ing, 3 13 acres more or less commonly called and known of the 
name of Bay Tree plantation bounded by the lands of John A. 
Rogers and Tlios. Chismon. 

"(Signed) Thos. Smith (L S) 

"Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of 
"Peter Goodwin Jr 
"Morton Goodwin 
"Peter Goodwin Sr 

"Teste Robert Hugh-Waller 

"C. Y. C. 
"(Gierke, York County)" 

An indenture 1789 bet Thos Smith of York Co. (executor 
of Lawrence Smith) and one Davedson of a certain tract of land 
purchased by him, Lawrence Smith from Gen. Thos. Nelson — 
sealed and delivered in the presence of Matthew Pope, Wil- 
liam Gary, John Tabb Smith— deeds no. 6, page 407— York Co. 

The above Lawrence Smith's will is dated July, 1789. 

Lawrence Smith's will, nth day of , 1736, mentions 

son Lawrence, beloved wife Mildred; and then, to son Robert 
and his heirs forever: to son Edmund, all the remaining part 
of the land within the same patent formerly known as the Lud- 
low patent — to him and his heir forever — to Lawrence a York- 
town lot. 

The Armistead Family 197 

The Mill property to my three sons and my wife, etc. To 
my son Edmund, all the negroes stock and goods, household 
stuff and all other personal estate, that I have formerly pos- 
sessed Iiim with. I give and bequeath to my loving wife and 
to my five children which I had by her, viz. : 

Margaret, Catherine, Robert/^ Lucy and Lawrence, 
and all the remaining part of my estate of what kind or nature 
so ever within his Majestie's Dominions to be equally divided 
among them. 

That my loving wife should have the management of the 
whole estate during her widowhood without giving any securiry 
for the same * * * but if my wife should marry * * * 
I constitute and appoint my beloved friend William Nelson, 
son to Mr. Thomas Nelson of York-town, and my son Edmund 
Smith to" be trustees of this my last will and testament * * * 

Lawrence Smith. 
Sealed signed published and delivered in the presence of 

John Buckner 

John Ballard 

William Nelson 

IsHMAEL Moody 

Lawrence Smith's will, 1734. 

* Robert Smith, son of Colonel Lawrence Smith, married Mary Cal- 
thrope, born February 17, 1733. Issue: Robert S. Calthrope S., born 
September 14, 1767; Lucy and George S., twins. Robert Smith sold the 
land at the mouth of Wormeley Creek, 1769, for 1,200 pounds to Augus- 
tine Moore, who married his sister Lucy. On his death, in 1788, with- 
out issue, Moore left the estate to his "ever worthy friend, Gen. Thos. 
Nelson," subject to the life estate of his wife. 

Augustine Moore occupied the Smith mansion (Temple Farm, 
Moore House) when the articles of surrender were signed in 1781. 

General Thomas Nelson appears as guardian of Augustine and 
Thomas Smith, orphans of Robert Smith, deceased. In General Nelson's 
will in 1789, "Dr. Augustine Smith was not to be called upon to repay 
one shilling that I have expended on his maintenance or education." Dr. 
Augustine Smith married Alice Page, daughter of Governor Page, and 
died 1805. His widow married Dudley Diggs. The above Robert Smith 
and Thomas Smith, of York, were half brothers. 

198 The Armistead Family 

A. Gabriel Ludlow, emigrant from Denton, England, pat- 
ented lands in Gloucester County. Married and had Sarah Lud- 
low, who married Col. John Carter, and was the mother of 
"King" Carter. 

The widow of Thos. Ludlow married Rev. Peter Temple. 
They occupied Temple Farm, as it is now called, at the time of 
the sale to Lawrence Smith. Mildred Smith (Edmund^, Law- 
rence^, Lawrence^), sister af Thomas Smith, married David 
Jamison, Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia. Her tomb is at 
Temple Farm, ornamented with Jamison Arms impaled with 
Smith. She was granddaughter of Major Law;'ence Smith. 
Another granddaughter married Augustine Moore, of York. 

This clipping from Times-Dispatch by Mrs. Sallie Nelson 
Robins, seems to belong right here : 

"Virginian Descent from Royalty. 

"To most of us Americans this has a spurious ring, and the 
desire for royal descent in the heart of a citizen of the United 
States seems somewhat of an anacronism. But no stranger is it 
than the pleasure which a denizen of the region north of Mason 
and Dixon's line experiences in the fact that he comes from a 
Southern planter who was also a slaveholder. This is a dis- 
tinction that even the fiercest abolitionist covets. No one who 
frequents the Virginia Historical Society and sees the gene- 
alogical fanatics can doubt this fact. The 'searcher' may be- 
long to the Grand Army of the Republic or live in Kansas c»r 
Ohio — but if he has a Southern forbear he rejoices, and if this 
forbear held slaves the better pleased is be. 

"There are only twelve royal personages from whom the 
'people' may derive descent. They are known as 'the twelve 
royal leakages' ; from some of them American citizens come. 

"So one child of John, one of Henry HL, five of Edward L. 
four of Edward HL, and one of Henry VH. form the twelve 
'leakages' of the royal blood. 

"It is mostly through a succession of female lines that de- 
scent from royalty can be traced. 

The Armistead Family 199 

"Lately there seems to be a revival of interest in the 'Daugh- 
ters of the Crown,' an American organization, and these notes 
may be useful to some who aspire to this honor. There are, uf 
course, many attractive features of this society, but perhaps the 
visible sign of membership — the insignia, or badge — is most 
compelling. It is so beautiful that one can hardly restrain one's 
self from addressing the happy owner as 'Your Royal Highness'' 
or 'Your Grace !' These non-essentials have their place and 
power, and make one of the many recreations of life." 

For those of the Lawrence Smith line who care to trace back 
to titled lineage, I give the following: 

King Edzvard Third of England married and had among 
others, Lionel^ Duke of Clarence, whose only daughter. Lady 
\Phiilipa Plantagcnct, married Edward Mortimer, Earl of 
j\Iarch. Their daughter. Lady Elisabeth Mortimer, married Sir 
Henry Percy (Hotspur). His son, Henry Percy, married Lady 
Eleanor Neville. Issue : Henry Percy, third Earl of Northum- 
berland, who married Lady Eleanor Poynings ; their daughter, 
Lady Margaret Percy, married Sir William Gascoigne. Their 
daughter, Lady Elisabeth Gascoigne married Sir George Tel- 
boise, a Norman knight, follower of William the Conqueroi'. 
Their daughter. Lady Anna Telboise, married Sir Edmund 
Dymoke,* Master of Schrivelsby Court. His daughter, Frances 
Dymoke, married, August 20, 1566, Sir Thomas Windebank, 

* As far as we can prove Nicholas Martian was the first owner of 
the land upon which Yorktown stands. This Nicholas was a French 
Protestant, who went to England for religious liberty perhaps ; however 
that may be, he obtained denization in England and could "hold any 
office or employment in Virginia." He was born in 1591. and was a 
Burgess in Virginia in 1623. Martian, the first owner of the land lying 
upon the York, now called Yorktown, was the ancestor of George Wash- 
ington, to whom Cornwallis surrendered on the spot once owned by his 
great-great-great-grandfather. This Nicholas Martian married three 
times- By his first wife, Elizabeth, he had three daughters — Elizabeth, 
Mary and Sarah. Elizabeth married George Reade, Mary married John 
Scarsbrook, and Sarah married Cai)tain William Fuller, Governor of 
Maryland. No son carried on the name ; but this man Martian is a very 
real character. He has steered many an inspiring lady into the sacred 

200 The Armistead Family 

Clerk of the Signet to "good Queen Bess." Their daughter, 
Mildred Windehank, married Robert Reade, Esquire, of York- 
shire. Their son. Honorable George Reade, came to Virginia 
in 1637, married EHzabeth Martian. Issue, among others, Eliza- 
beth Reade, who married Thomas Chismon. Issue, among 
others, Mildred Chismon, who married Col. Lawrence Smith of 
York, whose son Edmund Smith married Agnes Sclater and 
had, among others, Thomas Smith, who married Elizabeth 
Armistead, daughter of (169) Westwood Armistead and Mary 
Tabb. Elizabeth Smith, daughter of Thomas Smith and Eliza- 
beth Armistead, married her cousin (178) Robert Armistead. 
Issue: Westivood Smith Armistead, Maria Smith Armistead, 
Eliza Armistead, Louisa Armistead, Thomas Smith Armistead, 
Helen Smith and Emily (twins), Susan Smith Armistead, Har- 
riet Armistead, and Robert Augustine Armistead, who married 
Martha Savage. 

Scrivelsby Court, f England, Sir John Dymoke's estate, is 

privileges of "Colonial Dameship." He died in 1656 and left a good 

The oldest Martian girl made an excellent match for George Reade, 
Secretary; of the Colony^ Burgess and Councillor; was of very noble de- 
scent. He was son of Robert Reade and Mildred Windebank, and the 
fair maiden was daughter of Sir Thomas Windebank and Frances Dy- 
moke — and these Windebanks and Dymokes make all sorts of praise- 
worthy genealogical turns, landing „afely at last in the bosom of Alfred 
the Great. George Reade, when he first came over stayed with Governor 
Harvey at Jamestown, but after he married Martian's daughter he went 
to live in York. 

t Sir Edmund Dymoke was a descendant of Sir Robert Marmyum, 
Lord of Castle Fontenage in Normandy, and of Lamborth and Schriv- 
elsby Castles in England- This Lord Marmyum was a descendant of 
"Rollo the Dane," and was "hereditary champion" to his kinsman Wil- 
liam, Duke of Normandy, afterwards William the Conqueror. 

At the battle of Ha.^tings King William gathered his principal re- 
tainers — one of whom was Lord Marmyum — on a hill the site of the 
most desperate fighting, and vowed to Lulit the great Battle Abbey, which 
was done. 

From the above will be seen that Battle Abbey is a micnomer for 
any otiier memorial building. 

The ARMisTiiAD Family 201 

still kept in repair and a show place of interest. The chapel, 
a quaint structure, has some parts five centuries old. Among 
the tombs is that of Sir Robert Dymoke. It has a plate cf 
brass, on which is a figure of a knight in full armour, inscription 
and arms. 

Mrs. Sallie Nelson Robins, the versatile writer, editor of 
those charming genealogical bits in the Sunday Times-Dispatch, 
in speaking of descent from royal blood, says : "The burden of 
such extended obligation fairly takes one's breath away — one 
seems to elongate like a modern sky rocket and then go out in 
u 'fiz.' •' 

In addition to above, the following clipping from Times- 
Dispatch is inserted : 

"George Reade, who settled at Yorktown in the seventeenth 
century, was the son of Robert Reade, of Linkenholt, and Lady 
Mildred Windebank, and through her his descendants have for 
a progenitor Louis VII. of France. These descendants are so 
numerous that to give the surnames only is impossible, but 
among them are the Washingtons, Nelslons, Pages, Seldens, 
Marshalls, Taliaferros, etc. Old George Reade is a joke among 

"He bobs up serene and unperturbed on the majority of the 
papers of those who aspire to membership in patriotic societies. 
Charlemagne, Emperor of the West and King of France, is rep- 
resented in Virginia by the Burwells, Bassetts, Amblers, Cols- 
tons, Harrisons, Armisteads, Baylors, Mayos, and these names 
derive this distinction from Abigail Smith, whose mother was a 
Bacon. This family dominated in Virginia by the intrepid rebel, 
has a most interesting line, embracing such fascinating person- 
alities as the Lody Poppa, daughter of Pepin de Senlis, Count 
Berengarins, of Bayen and Valois. Who would not be proud 
of such stately cadence, if nothing else. 

"Pepin de Senlis was grandson of Bernard, King of Lom- 
bardy, and he was grandson of Charlemagne of the West. This 
is no fairy tale, but scientifically demonstrated ; chapter and 
verse can easily be given." 

202 The Armistead Family 

When Chiskiack, on York River, was open for settlement in 
1630. Nicholas Martine (Martian), from Belgium, obtained 
land at Yorktown, In 1645 Nicholas Martian married Jane Isa- 
bella Beach. His oldest daughter Elizabeth, by his first wife, 
who crossed the ocean with him, married Colonel George Reade, 
whose daughter Mildred R. married Colonel Augustine Warner, 
of Gloucester County. Hon. George Reade came to Virginia 
in 1637, settled in York County. "Col. George Reade, Deputy 
Sec. 1640-1642, nephew of Sir Francis Windebrook, Sec. of 
State to Charles ist and his brother Robert was clerk to the 
same. He was descended from an ancient family in Southamp- 
ton Co. England, who traced to Alfred the Great." His grand- 
daughter, Elizabeth Reade, daughter of Col. George Reade and 
Elizabeth Martian, married Captain Thomas Chismon, brother 
of Col. John Chismon, of King's Council, both the sons of Maj. 
Edmund Chismon. 

Issue of Thomas Chismon and Elizabeth Reade : Thomas, Ed- 
mund, John, Mildred, Elizabeth. 

Mildred Chismon married Lawrence Smith, of York. Issue: 
Edmund S., married Agnes Sclater; died 1750. Issue (i) Mil- 
dred S., married David Jamison, of Yorktown, Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of Virginia; (2) Mary S., (3-4) Thomas Smith and Law- 

After Mildred Chismon's death. Col. Lawrence Smith mar- 
ried Mildred Reade, widow of George Reade. Issue : ( i ) Mar- 
garet S., (2) Catherine S., (3) Robert S., born 1733; died 1777; 
married Mary Calthorpe, and had eight children; married sec- 
ond,- Rachel Kirby — one daughter Mary S. ; (4) Lawrence S., 
(5) Lucy S., married Augustine Moore; died 1797. 

The articles of Cornwallis' surrender were signed in 1781 m 
the old Smith mansion then occupied by Augustine Moore. 

Mallory — King — Smith. 

Lawrence Smith, twin brother of Thomas Smith, both sons 
of Edmund Smith and Mildred Chisman, his wife (Edmund 
Smith's will proved March 18, 1750), married Tabb, 

The Armistead Family 203 

of Gloucester County. Issue, among others, Mildred Smith and 
John Tabb Smith, who married first, Miss Corbin, of Gloucester 
County. Issue: Maria Smith, who married Dr. George Hope, 
of Hampton. Mildred Smith married Captain Wills. 

John "Tabb Smith married second, about 1812, the widow of 
Jacob Wray, who was Diana Mallory, daughter of Col. Francis 
Mallory. Issue by second marriage: Charles Lawrence Smith, 
who married Susannah Whiting Latimer. Issue : Diana Whit- 
ing Smith, Charles Lawrence Smith (died young), Mary Eliza 
Smith, who married Robert Turnbul. Diana Whiting Smith 
married first, John Sinclair Armistead, son of John A., of Eliza- 
beth City County. Issue: Charles Lawrence A. (died young), 
married Samuel Gumming, of Hampton. Issue : Hugh Smith 
Gumming, Samuel Gordon Gumming. 

Susannah Whiting Latimer was the daughter of Thomas 
Latimer and Whiting Jennings. 

(Tharles Lawrence Smith married Diana Mallory, daughter 
of Col. Francis Mallory and Mary King, his wife. Mary King 
was the daughter 'of Charles King. Her sister Hannah King 
married Worlich Westwood. 

Charles King married Elizabeth Tabb. Issue five children . 
Mary married Col. F. Mallory. Issue : Elizabeth King M., Mary 
King M., Charles King M., Diana M., Miles M. Hannah (born 
April 4. 1 75 1, married Worlich Westwood). 

John Tabb Smith took Lawrence, his son, eleven years old, 
with him when he was invited to dine at the Nelson House, 
Yorktown, with LaFayette in 1824. 

William King, son it is believed of Michael King, of Nanse- 
mond County, married Mary, daughter of Joshua Curie, of 
Elizabeth City County, and Rosea, his wife, afterwards Tucker. 
Mary survived her husband. Issue, among others, Charles 
King, who married Elizabeth Tabb, daughter of Thomas Tabb 
and Mary Armistead, his wife. Mary Armistead Tabb married 
three times — first, Thomas Tabb; second, Matthew Wills; third, 
Col. RoTjert Armistead (his second wife). In her will she men- 
tions two sons, John Tabb, Jr., and Thomas Tabb ; two daugh- 

204 The Armistead Family 

ters, Efizabeth King and Rachel King. "Gives the silver spoons 
marked T. T. to her son Thos. Tabb, and the silver poringer to 
her daughter Elizabeth King marked A. A. E." (Anthony Armi- 
stead and Elizabeth Armistead). 

Charles King and Elizabeth Tabb, his wife, had five 'children. 
Majry King married Col. Francis Mallory She mentions in her 
will, 1789, (i) Elizabeth Mallory, (2) Mary King Mallory, (3) 
Charles King Mallory, (4) Diana Mallory, married first, Jacob 
Wray ; second, John Tabb Smith. 

(3) Charles King Mallory was born about 1781. Soon after 
graduating at William and Mary he was appointed by Virginia 
Council a member of the Legislature. Was Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of Virginia during War of 18 12. He married Frances 
Lowry Stephenson, daughter of William Stephenson, officer in 
the Revolutionary War. Issue : Francis Mallory, William 
Stephenson Mallory, Charles King Mallory, Catherine Beverley 
Mallory and Mary King Mallory. 

Hannah King, daughter of Charles King and Elizabeth Tabb, 
his wife, married Worlich Westwood, of EliAbeth City County. 
Charles King, her father, who was very wealthy, "built an ele- 
gant mansion on King Street in Hampton for his daughter Han- 
nah Westwood." They were living there during the War of 
1812, when Admiral Cockburn made it his headquarters. "The 
beautiful Hannah was a prisoner in several of the upper rooms, 
but attended by her maid, and served handsomely with her own 
silver, glass and china." A willing prisoner, no doubt, for pro- 
tection. The lawlessness of that time in and around Hampton 
is a black page of English history. 

See an account in Harper's Monthly, 1863, Vol. XXVHL, 
State Library, December, 1863, to May, 1864, from which the 
following extract is taken : 

"Beckwith and Cockburn the marauder made their head- 
quarters at the fine brick mansion of Mrs. Westwood on the 
street leading to the mansion ; in the garden the remains of the 
brave Williams (lieutenant-colonel) were buried with solemn 
funeral rites the same day." 

The Armistead Family 205 

This "fine brick mansion" was bought and occupied about 
i8i4-'i5 by Teackle Taylor Savage. It was the girlhood home 
of Martha Ann his daughter, who married 187. Robert Armi- 
stead. She was born in 1810. From here she was married Feb- 
ruary 28, 1828. Her sister Margaret, a month previous, Jan- 
uary 31st, married her father's ward, George Gilbert Parker. 

Savage Family. 

In King's Chapel Burial Ground, in Boston, is found the 
tombstone of Major Thomas Savage, the emigrant of the name, 
who died 1681. It bears the Arms above, as do several seals 
used by immediate descendants. These Arms are the ancient 
armorial devices of the Savages of Rock Savage and Clifton, m 
the County of Chester, England. Earl Rivers bore the same 

Mr. Tyler says the Savage family may be styled the oldest 
in the State, as Thomas Savage is probably the earliest imi- 
grant, from whom descent has been traced. * * * Thomas 
Savage of the Eastern Shore of Virginia, started his plantation, 
Savage's Neck, and owned the whole— the present site of East- 
ville. On Cherry Stone farm are two old graveyards, near the 
present Cherry House residence. Margaret Savage, wife of Lit- 
tleton Savage, daughter of William Burton, Gent., who de- 
parted this life the 6th day of Dec, 1772, in the thirty-fifth 
year of her age. "Here lies the body of Col. Littleton Savage. 
* * * Here lies the body of Leah Savage, second wife oi 
Coll. Littleton Savage, and daughter of Thomas Teagle, who 
departed this life 5th day of June I795-" 

At a meeting of the Phi Beta Kappa Society, April 19th, 
1779, "^If- Thomas Littleton Savage being recommended as a 
worthy member of this Society, was ballotted for, and initiated 
in due form. Air. Bowdoin being about to depart for Europe, 
requested the company of the Society at the Raleigh tavern, 
where he gave them a 'very elegant Entertainment.' Mr. Sav- 
age and Mr. Berkeley delivered compositions, pro. and Con. on 
the question whether a wise State hath any Interest nearer at 
hand than the Education of Youth." 

2o6 The Armistead Family 


The Howards of Virginia have always claimed descent in 
direct line from Lord Thomas Howard (son of fourth Duke ol 
Norfolk), his mother being Margaret, daughter and heir of 
Thomas, Lord Audley of Walden, K. G. The Chidley Wade 
family claim descent from one of the brothers of Effingham, 
Lord Francis Howard. The following is from York County 
records : 

John Howard patented lands in James City County, Sep- 
tember 20, 1637, near Richneck. i. John Howard, member of 
the House of Burgesses, 1654. His will mentions wife Mar- 
garet. Issue : Henry, William, Frances, Elisabeth. Henry How- 
ard, the eldest, married Elisabeth Wade. He died without issue. 
She married Thomas Tabb. 

Col. Frances Howard (Hey ward), brother of Henry, was 
born May 15, 1700. He was justice, burgess, and was the first 
to spell his name Howard, though it had been so pronounced. 

He married Martha , and had three daughters and one 

son, Henry, who married Frances Colthorpe. The York County 
records show that Col. Henry Howard and Frances Colthorpe 
had issue, John Howard, who married Anne Shield, whose 
daughter, Margaret, married William Kirby, of York County. 
Issue: Anne Kirby, born in 1760, August 31st, married Chidhy 
Wade. (See 187 Robert Armistead line.) 

There were three members of the Howard family in the 
"Virginia Company" — John, Rev. John, or John, clerk, and Sir 
John Howard, knight. 

Thomas Colthorpe Howard, clerk of the Hustings Court of 
Richmond, died 1834, age forty-nine, married Catherine, daugh- 
ter of Nathaniel Pope, of Chilton, Hanover County. Issue : 
Nathaniel, William, Dr. Marion, Ellen, and Conway Robinson. 
Howard, Kirby, Wade, Savage, Teackle Notes. 

The following is copied from the Baltimore Sun under the 
head of "Virginia Heraldry" : 

"In the Virginia records it stated that Sir Francis Howard, 
Lord Howard, of Effingham, England, Governor of Virginia, 

The Armistead Family 207 

A Te Pro Te. 

2o8 The Armistead Family 

was the father of Lady Margaret Howard who married Major 
Kirby of the British Army. Their daughter, Ann Kirby, mar- 
ried Chidley Wade, and their daughter, Martha Jones Wade, 
married Teackle Taylor Savage, of Pungoteague, Accomac Co., 

Margaret Taylor Savage, oldest daughter of Teackle Savage 
and Martha, his wife, married George Gilbert Parker, a de- 
scendant of one of the oldest and best families in England. The 
Earl of Morley was a Parker, also the Earls of Macclesfield ; 
the English navy has had more Admirals of that name than any 

Two Parkers, brothers, took up land in Virginia in 1650; 
one in Isle of Wight County, the other in Accomac County. 
The Isle of Wight Parker called his seat "Macclesfield," which 
still bears that name. The Accomac Parker was named George. 
Judge George Parker was his descendant, as was also Robert 
Parker, of Watts Island, whose son George, born July 26, 1770, 
married for his second wife Peggy Floyd, of Norfolk, February 
24, 1803. To whom was born a son, George Gilbert Parker, 
October 6, 1806, who married, January 28, 1828, Margaret Sav- 
age, great-granddaughter of Major Kirby, of England, and Mar- 
garet Howard. Issue: William Henry Parker, of Hampton, who 
married Ann Rebecca Clarke, of Charles City County, Septem- 
ber 27, 1865. Issue: William Henry, now a physician in Rich- 
mond, Va. ; Gilbert, Margaret, Annie, John ; the two last died 
unmarried ; the rest are living in Richmond. 

Dr. William Henry Parker married Alma Jennings, of Rich- 
mond. Issue : Willard Newton Parker, and twin girls, Annie 
and Camilla. 

William H. Parker married Anne Rebecca Clarke, of Charles 
City County, daughter of John Joseph Clarke, of Colesville (al- 
lied to the Roane, Royall and Eppes families), and Margaret 
Archer, daughter of John and Elizabeth Chamberlayne Batte 
Archer, of Bermuda Hundred. The family of Archer lived con- 
tinuously for two hundred years at Bermuda Hundred, the 
original home, "Archer Hall," destroyed during the Revoluti n 

The Armistead Family 209 

by Arnold's troops and rebuilt, was the birthplace of Mrs. 
Parker (1835). One of her grandsires, Henry Randolph, the 
head of the oldest branch of Virginia Randolphs, and uncle of 
William Randolph, of Turkey Island, was clerk of Henrico 1656, 
and clerk of the House of Burgesses from 1656 to his death, 
1673. His second wife was Judith Soane (married December, 
1661), daughter of Henry Soane, Speaker of the House of Bur- 
gesses (1660-1666), and according to Bruce's Social Life of 
Virginia in the Seventeenth Century, "a lady of the highest 
social position." Their son. Captain Henry Randolph, married 
Sarah, daughter of Col. Thomas Swann, a distinguished coun- 
cillor and burgess, and had issue. Captain Henry Randolph, 
who married (1714) Elizabeth Eppes (daughter of Col. Francis 
Eppes, justice, sheriff, burgess 1691, grandson of Lieut.-Col. 
Francis Eppes, councillor 1635, and Anne Isham, sister of Mrs. 
William Randolph, of Turkey Island). Their daughter, Sarah, 
born 1715, married, 1733, John Archer of Bermuda Hundred 
(justice 1737, and first sheriff of Chesterfield, 1749), grandson 
of Judith (Soane) Randolph by her second husband, Major Peter 

Mrs. Henry Randolph (widow) and Major Peter Feild (jus- 
tice, sheriff, burgess 1688), were married October 21, 1678, and 
had two daughters, ]\Iary and Martha Feild, co-heiresses. Mary 
married Thomas Jefferson, grandfather of Thomas Jefferson, 
the President of the United States. Martha married John 
Archer, whose son, John Archer, married Sarah Randolph, thus 
uniting the grandson of Judith Soane by her second husband, 
Major Peter Feild, with her great-granddaughter by her first 
husband, Henry Randolph. John and Sarah (Randolph) Archer 
had issue another John, member of the County Committee of 
Safety of Chesterfield (i774-'76), married to Eliza Trent, who 
had issue John, the last Archer of Bermuda Hundred. His wife 
was Elizabeth Chamberlayne Batte, of Prince George County. 
These Archers are descended from the ancient Umberslade 
Archers, Warwickshire, England. According to tra-dition the 
motto is the same as Sir Humphrey Gilbert's, who married John 

2IO The Armistead Family 

Archer, daughter of John Archer of Otterden, and maid of 
honor to Queen Elizabeth, 1577 — "Mallcm Mori qiiam Mtitare!'' 

Wm. H. Parker, of Hampton, and Anne, his wife, both de- 
ceased, had issue John Archer and Anne Willcox, deceased, Gil- 
bert Floyd, Dr. William Henry, Jr., and Margaret Waring, who 
married in 1900 Dr. Oliver Francis Blankingship, nephew of the 
late Judge Francis Rives, of Petersburg, and General Wm. B. 
Shands, of Southampton. 

See The Critic, September 3, 1888, May 5, 19, 1889, and Wil- 
liam and Mary Quarterly, Vol. IV., p. 125. Bible records. 

The following record was found among some old papers oi 
a descendant of Margaret Howard and Major Kirby: 

"Copied from the Wade family Bible in James City Co., Vir- 
ginia : ■ 

"Martha Jones Wade, daughter of Chidley Wade, and Ann, 
his wife. Born Oct. 20, 1778. 

"Thomas Wade, son of Chidley Wade and Ann, his wife. 
Born January 9, 1781. 

"James Wade, son of Chidley Wade and Ann his wife, bom 
February 9, 1783. 

"Elizabeth Howard Wade, daughter of Chidley Wade and 
Ann, his wife. Born April 5, 1785. 

"Chidley Wade, son of Chidley Wade and Ann his wife. 
Born July 20, 1787. 

"Second marriage of Ann Wade. 

"Ann Childs Mackendree, daughter of John Mackendree and 
Ann, his wife. Born March 5, 1791. 

"Sally Mackendree, daughter of John Mackendree and Ann, 
his wife, born May 2nd, 1793. 

"Sir Henry Howard cf York Co., Va., was the father cf 
Lady Margaret Howard. Lady Margaret Howard married Maj. 
Kirby of the British Army. Her daughter, Ann Kirby, mar- 
ried Chidley Wade. 

"Elizabeth Howard married John Stores. One child, Wil- 
liam K. Stores. 

"Second marriage. 

iHE Armistead Family 2[I 

"Job Byard Mills by whom Hannah M. Mills, Sept. 13, 1808. 

"Job Byard Mills. 

"George Wade Mills. 

"James Wade Mills. 

"Alartha Ann Wade Mills, born Dec. 15, 1822. 

"Alfred Wade Mills, born April 15, 1825. 

"John Dix Mills, born April 5, 1828." 


1. Rev. Thomas Teackle, first minister of Hungers Parish, 
Accomac County, Virginia, born 1624 in Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land. His father was slain in battle fighting under the banner 
of Charles ist. Being persecuted by Cromwell, he came to 
America in 1656, and settled at Craddock, an estate in Accomac 
County, where he performed the functions of his sacred calling 
until his death, January 26th, 1695. He married twice — first, 
Isabella, the widow of Lieut.-Col. Edward Douglass ; no issue. 
His second wife was Margaret, daughter of Robert and Mary 
Temple Nelson, of London, England, of the same family as Ad- 
miral Nelson. Through the Temples, her ancestry is traced back 
to 1427, to Godiva, the heroine of Tennyson's poem. Issue: 
John, Catherine, and Elizabeth left descendants. 

2. John Teackle, of Craddock, son of Rev. (i) Thomas T., 
born September 2, 1673; died December 3, 1721, at Yorktown, 
Va. ; married, November 2, 1710, Susannah, daughter of Arthur 
and Sarah Brown Upshur. Issue: 3. Thomas T., born Novem- 
ber II, 171 1 ; died July 20, 1769; married Elisabeth Custis, 
daughter of John Custis of East Shore, Virginia. Issue: (4) 
Thomas Teackle, and others. 

(4) Thomas Teackle, of Craddock, son of (3) Thomas 
Teackle, married Elisabeth, daughter of Abel and Rachel Revel 
Upshur, and died April 15, 1784. She died January 14, 1782. 
Issue, among others, Margaret Teackle, born 1771, who mar- 
ried Thomas Savage. The family Bible in our possession re- 
cords that Teackle Taylor Savage (from Pungoteague, Acco- 
mac County, Va.,) married, July 14, 1804, Martha Jones Wade 

212 The Armistead Family 

(widow of Rev. Edmund Ellis), of James City. The children 
of this marriage, Margaret, George, Martha, Edmund, Virginia. 

The following is copied from the Land Office in Richmond, 

"Patent no. 251, on Savage Qreek Accomac Co. Va. 

"Mrs. Thomas Savage relict of Ensign Thomas Savage, a 
parcel of land called Savage's Choice, formerly granted her de- 
ceased husband from the Indian King of the Eastern Shore. Is- 
sued in 1635. 

"To Thomas Savage, by Sir William Berkeley, by consent 
and good will of Council of State, 500 acres of land in North- 
hampton Co. Va." 

"To Captain George Savage, under George Washington, 
served through the French and Indian war, receiving in 1770, 
his allotment of lands under proclamation of Gov. Dinwiddle.'' 

Martha Ann Savage, daughter of Teackle Taylor Savage and 
Martha Jones Wade married (187) Robert Armistead, son of 
Robert Armistead and Elisabeth Smith, daughter of Thomas 
Smith, who was the son of Edmund Smith, son of Lawrence 
Smith, of Abington Parish, Gloucester Co., Va. For issue see 
187. Robert Armistead. 

KiRBY Notes. 

William and Mary Quarterly^ Vol. XIII., No. 3. 

"Thomas Kirby, in Charles Parish, York Co., in 1645, mar- 
ried Mary ; personal estate considerable ; married sec- 
ond, Catherine Tompkins; issue by the two marriages, sixteen 
children. John 4. Kirby (Thos.^ Robert^, Thos.^) married Mary 
Shield, daughter of Robert Shield; died 1753, issue Thos., John, 
Sarah, Frances, Mary, Robert, Rachel, born September 24, 1754, 
married first, Robert Smith, son of Lawrence, distinguished in 
early Virginia history; issue, one daughter, Mary Smith. 
Bennet^ (Thos.^ Robert^), will proved October, 1782, mar- 
ried Prances Parsons, daughter of James Parsons (will proved 
May 19, 1735) and Dorothy Wade, daughter of Armiger Wade. 

The Armistead Family 213 

a burgess for York County 1655, 1656. Issue: Bennet, Frances, 
Mary, William, born July 16, 1736. William Kirby (Bennet^ 
Robert', Thos.^) married Margaret Howard (daugnter of John 
Howard and Anne Shield), born August 27, 1714. Anne Shield, 
daughter of Robert Shield, his will proved in York County 1785. 
Issue: Anne Kirby, born August 31, 1760, married Chidley 
Wade in 1778 (marriage bond)." Issue, among others, Martha 
Jones Wade, born in 1778, married July 14, 1804, Captain 
Teackle Savage. Issue : Margaret, George, Martha, Edmund, 
Virginia, Comfort; the latter died in childhood; Virginia, un- 
married, died in Richmond, Va., January 24, 1902. She spent 
her youth in Hampton, Va., amid the luxurious surroundings 
of ante-bellum days in the handsomest colonial mansion of that 
section, bought by her father, Teackle Savage, from Worlich 
Westwood. Six or eight half-circle stone steps led up to the 
double-door front entrance, graduating from a large base to a 
smaller platform ; the entrance had a massive brass knocker, 
hinges, lock, and knob, as had all the doors. A very wide hall 
through the middle of four large rooms on the first floor, the 
same on the second, besides garret and basement, with massive 
foundation and heavy beams. The floors were highly polished, 
the windows deeply seated, with inside blinds, the window seats 
paneled beneath. The garden, with its memorable fig bushes, 
sloped down to the creek, or river, flowing into Elisabeth River. 

In the War of 1861, when Hampton was burned, the walls 
stood like grim sentinels, in the midst of utter desolation. The 
United States authorities had them pulled down and the bricks 
removed to Old Point. The stone steps were taken to New 

Teackle Savage owned vessels that carried the United States 
mail, produce and freight of all kinds between Hampton, Nor- 
folk and Baltimore. Hampton in those days was quite a naval 
station. Teackle Savage owned seven or eight houses in Hamp- 
ton, besides large tracts of land in the West — in Illinois and 
Missouri. The papers and deeds were mislaid or destroyed. 
He sent his sons to Hallowell School in Alexandria. 

214 '^^^ Armistead Family 


E. Armiger Wade — Armigall Wade, Esq., of Bellsize Park, 
Hampstead, England, was the father of Sir WiUiam Wade, 
prominent at the time of EHzabeth and James ist. Park's his- 
tory of the family contains an account of the family. Armiger 
Wade is said to have been descendant of Sir Armigall Wade of 
Bellsize, near Hampstead, England. (See Hayden, 571, and 
William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. II., p. 161.) The will of 
Armiger Wade was proved August 13, 1708. 

The following was sent by a descendant who wrote she 
copied it from some James City Records before the war of 
1 861. — The Editor. 

"Sir Henry Howard of York Co., Va., the father of Lady 
Ma;rgaret Howard, who married Maj. Kirby of the Brittish 
Army. Her daughter, Anne Kirby, married Chidley Wade; 
issue: Chidley, Elisabeth Howard, Martha Jones. Elisabeth PI. 
Wade married first, John Stores ; second. Job Mills ; issue : John 
Bayard M., Hannah, Francis, Marion, Job Bayard, George 
Wade, Martha Ann Wade, Alfred Wade, John Dix. Alfred W. 
Mills was the father of Dr. William A. Mills, now living in Bal- 

Martha Jones Wade married, in 1804, Teackle Taylor Sa\- 
age, 'from Pungoteague, Accomac County. Issue : Margaret 
Teackle S., Martha Anne S., George W. S., Edmund Ellis S., 
Virginia Wade S. 

George Wade Savage married first, Harriet Armistead, 
daughter of 178. Robert Armistead and Elisabeth Smith; no 
• issue. Married second, Frances Dunn, of Warwick County. Is- 
sue, one daughter, Georgietta Savage, married in Richmond, 
"Va., September 23, 1862, Dr. David L. McLaughlin, surgeon in 
the Confederate Army. Issue: Mary Virginia, William Russell, 
George Savage, and Linnetta Milton ; all living in New York 
City except George S., who died at the age of thirty-three — a 
man of talent and energy. 

The name McLaughlin was originally Mac Lachlan, Scotch. 
The first of the name in America was David McLaughlin who; 

2i6 The Armistead Family 

with his wife, Holmes, settled in West Winfield, New 

York State. The old homestead is still owned by a descendant, 
Mrs. V. E. Eggleston. William McL., son of above, was born 
at West Winfield, September 30, 1805 ; died 1890. His wife was 
Lucinda Smith, born 1806; died 1889. They had three children, 
one of whom was (Dr.) David Linneus McL., born May 28, 
1832. He moved to Louisiana before the war between the 


Calthrope. — In Bloomfield's History of Norfolk Le Neve's 
Pedigree of Knights, the Calthrope family is traced througli 
many generations. "Sir James Calthrope of Stirston, England, 
Ao. 30th Elizabeth and 9th James first." married Barbara, 
daughter of John Bacon, Esq., of Hesset, Norfolk, England. 
She was buried in Cockthorp Church. Issue: (a) Sir Henry 
Calthrope third son from whom those of Ampton, Suffolk Co., 
are descended. His son. Sir James Calthorpe, was knighted b)' 
Cromwell in 1650. He married Dorothy, daughter of Sir James 
Reynolds, one of Cromwell's Admirals. 

(b) Philip. 

(c) Christopher, Esq., who married Maud, daughter and co- 
heir of John Thurston, Esq., of Brome, Norfolk. Issue: James, 
Christopher, Edward, Oliver, and two daughters. 

This Christopher came to Virginia in 1662. Was a relative 
of President Nathaniel Bacon of the Virginia Council. William 
and Mary, Vol. II.: "In 1622 a youth by name Christopher 
Calthorpe came with Lieut. Purfray to Virginia in the ship Fur- 
therance." On the 23rd of March 1623, George Sandys writes 
to Samuel Wrote a long letter from "James Cittie," in which, 
among other things, he says : "I used Mr. Calthorpe at his land- 
ing with all the courtesie I could and brought him acquainted 
with the Governor. I profered him the Entertainment of my 
home and my own Chamber to lodge in etc. * * * " f.^ 
1635 Christopher Calthorpe, then called captain, obtained two 
patents of land. 

The Armistead Family 217 

In 1658 "Colonel Christopher Calthorpe with five others held 
court* for York Co.'' 

In 1659 "Col. Christopher Calthorpe was member of House 
of Burgesses from York Co." 

James Calthorpe (son of Col. Christopher) and Anne, his 

wife, had issue : James who married Elizabeth , and had 

twins Elemelech and Ruth. Elemelech married Mary Robinson. 
Issue: j\Iary and Frances Calthrope, who married Col. Henry 
Howard, of York County. They resided on Back River Eliz.i- 
beth City County. Issue, among others, ( i ) Prisilla Howard, 
born 1768, who married Robert Armistead; (2) Margaret How- 
ard, who married Maj. Kirby, of the British Army. Their 
daughter, Anne Kirby, married Chidley Wade. Issue, among 
others, Martha Jones Wade, who married Teackle Taylor Sav- 
age in 1804. 

"Frances Calthrope and sister Mary, children of Elimelech 
Calthrope, were schooled by the Rev. Theodosius Staige, cf 
Charles Parish." 

"In 1746 'Calthrope Neck' was divided between his two 
daughters Frances and Mary." , 

The grandmother of Christopher Calthrope who came to Vir- 
ginia in 1622, was Barbara, before mentioned daughter of John 
Bacon, of Hesset, England. Nathaniel Bacon the rebel married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Duke of Benhall and Eliza- 
beth Calthrope, his wife. {William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 


In a Heraldic exhibition at the Society of Antiquarians in 
1863 there was seen a roll of vellum beautifully illuminated with 
the Calthrope Arms and Crest. The former quartering Bacon 
and Wythe. The descent of the Calthropes was given from Sir 
William Calthrope 1461, to Sir Philip Calthrope who married 
Anne, daughter of Sir William Boleyn. The relation of the 
family to Anne Boleyn is shown. 

In a collection of drawings of portraits by Holbein, cotem- 
porary of Henry VIII., are, among others, those of Sir Thomas 
Moore, Sir Thomas Wyatt, and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Philip 

2i8 The Armistead Family 

"Thorpland," where the Sinclair family of York County now 
reside, formerly the home of Calthrope Howard, hands 'down 
the name of the ancient habitation of the Calthrope in England. 

Note. — Mary Louisa Armistead Nelson relates the goulish 
story of the "Calthrope Light." How it followed the family 
from England appearing in a most mysterious way on the 
ship Furtherance that brought over the youth Christopher 
Calthrope. On landing it disappeared from the ship, but was seen 
again and again in the dwelling of the Calthropes, particularly 
before a death. This ghost story has been handed down from 
generation to generation for nearly three hundred years. — 
Editor V. A. G. 

Anthony Armistead. 

(87) Anthony^ (William*, Anthony^ William', Anthony') 
married Margaret Starkey ; resided in Warwick County, and in 
1737 received a deed from his step-mother, Rebecca King (Re- 
becca Moss^ Armistead King') one-half the plantation and or- 
chard in Elizabeth City County, "where she now lives," as the 
same given him by his late father, Major William Armistead. 
His will, dated December 29, 1737, proved February 13, i737-'38, 
names sons (96) John^, (97) Anthony®. 

(96) John** Armistead, son of (87) Anthony' Armistead, had 
issue, (100) Starkey^ A., eldest son, to whom in 1769 he gave 
160 acres in Elizabeth City County, being the land which (82) 
William A. Armistead, by his will dated January 5, 1714, gave 
his son Hinde A, and in default of heirs of his body, then to the 
next surviving male heir, and which upon his death descended 
to (96) John^ A., Sr. John A.'s will was proved in 1791 ; 
names (Starkey being dead), (loi) John'^, to whom he gave 
1,000 acres in North Carolina, (102) Robert, to whom he gave 
negroes that he is now in possession of in Northampton County, 
N. C, (103) Elizabeth Armistead married Thomas Smith. (96) 
John^ A. married first, Anne, mentioned in deed ; second, Eliza- 
beth , named in will. 

(100) Starkey A. married Mary Tabb, of Mathews County, 

The Armistead Family 219 

in 1773; his will proved 1775 mentions no children; names 
"brother Robert, father John, wife Mary, niece Mary Smith, 
mother Elizabeth A., friends Thomas Smith and Robert Armi- 
stead of Mathews Co." 

(loi) John Armistead married Elizabeth Royster. 

"(102) Robert^ A., son of (96) John, was perhaps 'Robert 
Armistead, Sen.,' whose will, January 24, 1793, names children 
(104) William under age to whom he devises all lands in Eliza- 
beth City and York County, and (105) Elizabeth, for whose sup- 
port he required all his stock of every kind and money due in 
North Carolina to be devoted.'' 

(88) William (William*, Anthony^ William^, Anthony^) 
made his will February 15, 1724; names wife Judith and six 

(89) John^ Armistead (William*, Anthony^, Willianr, An- 
thony^) removed to New Kent and was vestryman of Blissland 
Parish in 1722. Col. Wilson Miles. Cary writes: "In 1868 I de- 
rived from Miss Susan Cary, of Gloucester, born 1791, then 
seventy-seven years old, of a most retentive memory, and a re- 
markably clear head for genealogy, the following account of her 
Armistead ancestry, and as she was the granddaughter of Colonel 
Gill Armistead, who died in 1762, she would be presumed to know 
the facts from her mother, Susanna Armistead, who died at the 
age of eighty-one in 1834, which would place her birth in 1753. 
According to Miss Cary her immediate ancestor, William A., 3f 
Elizabeth City, was a relative of "Harry Armistead of Hesse," 
in Mathews County. William A. had at least three children, 
( I ) William, ( 2 ) John, who went from Elizabeth City County 
to New Kent County and married Miss Gill, an heiress, and (3) 
Hannah A., who married Miles Cary, of Warwick. Col. John 
Armistead, of New Kent, had four children — William, father of 
Mrs. Dandridge; John, father of William, Agnes and Susan 
(Mrs. Russel) ; and Gill, who married Betty Allen, of James 
City, and she married second, John Lewis, of Williamsburg. GilP 
Armistead's children were, ( i ) William'', who ran away at six- 
teen and served eight years in the Revolution ; he married Eliza- 

220 The Armistead Family 

beth Armistead, daughter of Booth A., of Elizabeth City Count}', 
and had Booth, Gill, Fanny, Contolas (named for a French officer 
in the American Revolutionary War), Elizabeth, Virginia (a 
chancery suit in Williamsburg shows that Virginia A. (daughter 
of William and Elizabeth A.) married T. B. Allen, of Elizabeth 
City County ; the suit regarding a mill which her "great-grand- 
father, Robert Armistead of York Co.," father of Booth Armi- 
stead, built in 1739. She came of age 1820. The mill was four 
miles from Hampton, one rnile from James River), and Cath- 

Elizabeth'^ Armistead, daughter of Gill" Armistead, married 
Miles Selden, of "Tree Hill," and had eleven children. 

Susanna'^ married hert:ousin, Colonel John Cary, son of Miles 
Cary and Hannah Armistead, of Back River, Elizabeth City 

Miles Selden (Miles^, Joseph^, SamueP) was reared in the 
old general court office which was the school in which all the 
county clerks were educated ; clerk of Hen,rico ; a man of good 
education, well acquainted with business generally, represented 
Henrico in General Assembly for many years. Member of Coun- 
cil in 1785. He married, March 27, 1774, Elizabeth Armistead, 
born March 9, 1752, daughter of Gill Armistead, at the hbme oi 
'her stepfather, John Lewis, in Williamsburg. 

Susanna Armistead (daughter of Col. John'' Armistead, of 
New Kent County, and Miss Gill, his wife,) married William 
Russell, who, from dates and other facts, is supposed to be the 
William Russell mentioned in Congressional Records as colonel 
in the Revolutionary War, commissioned December 19, 1776. 

Armistead Russell, son of Susanna Armistead and William 
Russell, married Elvira Clayton in 1776. She was the daughter 
of William Clayton, Clerk of New Kent County, and Elvira, 
his wife. Children of Armistead Russell and Elvira Clayton 
were Elizabeth Armistead R., Elvira Clayton R., and Armistead 
Russell, Jr. The latter married Sallie Ann Meredith, of New 
Kent, and had four daughters — (i) Elizabeth Meredith Russell, 
(2) Elivra Clayton Russell, (3) Emma Armistead Russell, (4) 
Sarah Clopton Russell. 

The Armistead Family 221 

(i) Elizabeth Aleredith Russell married Col. Thomas Bibb 
Bigger, of Richmond, and had Thomas R. B., died young; Wil- 
liam James B., John Bell 5.*, Sallie Russell B., Elvira Clay- 
ton B., ]^Iargaret Smith B., Elizabeth Tate B., Lucy B., Charles 
Purcell B., Alary Frances B., Charlotte Myers B. 

(2) Elvira Clayton Russell married James Cowles. 

(3) Emma Armistead Russell married John Caskie. 

(4) Sarah Clopton Russell married Nathaniel August, for 
years a banker of Richmond. Children of this marriage: (Col.) 
James, A., Catherine Pearson A., Emma Josephine A., who mar- 
ried Rev. G. C. Abbitt, now of Hopkinsville, Ky., formerly 
rector of St. Mark's, Richmond, Va. 

(i) Anthony^ married Frances I'homson. Issue (2) Wil- 

(2) William^ married Anne. Issue: (3) William^ A., (4) 
John^ A., (5) Anthony^ A., (6) Frances\ 

(5) Anthony^ married Hannah Elliason. Issue: (82) Wil- 
liam*, (83) Anthony*, (84) Robert*, (85) Judith*, (86) Han- 

(82) William* married several times. First, Hannah Hinde : 
second, Rebecca Moss. Issue: (87) Anthony'', (88) William', 
(89) John^ (90) Hinde^ (91) Robert', (92) Moss' (93) Ed- 
ward', (94) Hannah', (95) Judith' A. 

(89) (Col.) John A., of New Kent County, married Miss 
Gill. Issue: (i) Gill^ (2) William^, (3) John«, (4) . 

Gill Armistead® married, May 23, 1751, Betty Allen. Issue: 
(i) Betty Armistead^ born March 9, 1752; died April, 1833. 
Married, March 27, 1774, at Mr. John Lewis', in Williamsburg-, 
Miles Selden. (2) Susanna A., born 1753; died 1834. Married 
Col. John Gary. (3) Mary Armistead married Thacker Bur- 
well, whose son William A. B. was private secretary to Jefferson. 
(4) Frances Armistead (daughter Gill Armistead and Bettie Al- 

* John Bell Bigger was Clerk of the Virginia House of Delegates for 
thirty-five years. He married Annie Burnley Muse, and had twelve 

222 The Armistead Family 

len, his wife, of New Kent County) married Col. John Ambler, of 
Jamestown, Va., 1782. She died 1789. Issue: Edward Ambler 
and Mary Cary Ambler. Edward Ambler married first, Sarah 
Holcombe, of Amelia County ; married second, Taze- 
well. Issue Mary Ambler, married Caskie, and resides 

in Richmond, Va. Mary Cary Ambler married J. H. Smith, of 
King and Queen County, Va. Issue, among others, Mary Eliza 
Smith, married Dr. J. J. Gravatt, born 1817. Issue, among others, 
Rev. John James Gravatt, married Indie W. Jones, of Hampton, 
Va., and Bishop William Loyall Gravatt, married Sidney S. Pey- 
ton. (5) Martha A., married Colonel Green. (6) William^ A., 
married Elizabeth Armistead, daughter of Booth Armistead, cf 
Elizabeth City County. 

(2) William® A., son of John^ A., of New Kent, was major 
in 1772-1775; vestryman of Blissland Parish. Married Mary, 
widow of Baker, the niece of James Nicholas who left her, Mary, 
£500, in the event of death Abraham Nicholas, also a special 
legacy of £1,000. Issue of (2) William" A. and Mary: Su- 
sanna A., who married first, William^ Dandridge ( Dand- 

ridge\ of London, Col. William^ D., Bartholomew^ D., John* D.) 
son of Bartholomew D., brother of Mrs. Washington. Issue, 
among others, Sianna Dandridge, who married John Williams, 
father of John L. Williams, of Richmond, Va. 

Susanna Armistead Dandridge married second, about 1805, 
David Dorrington. Major William*' A. died before 1784. 

Col. John*' A., son of John^ A., of New Kent, was a resident 
of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent. Colonel of militia and first 
State Senator from Charles City County and New Kent. "Col. 
Armistead departed this life May 2, 1779." — St. Peter's Register. 
Married Agnes. Issue: (i) William'' A., born June 5, 1754; (2) 
Agnes; (3) Susan. Issue by second wife, Mary Burbage (whose 
mother is said to have been a Dandridge) : (4) Robert'' B. Armi- 
stead, administrator of his mother, who died 1792; (5) Lucy B., 
who married Aylett Waller, December 4, 1801, and moved to 

(90) Robert^ A. (son of Maj. William* A., Anthony^ Wil- 

The Armistead Family 22:^ 

liam-, Anthony^) married Anne, daughter of Rev. James Wal- 
lace, who came from Erroll in Perthshire, Scotland. 'Tn 17^7 
the trustees of Eaton's Free School rented him a portion of the 
land for the natural lives of his sons Robert, William, Jame-, 
conditioned on his building two tobacco houses 30 ft. by 20 ft. 
and two dwellings each 26 ft. by 16 ft. to be well framed of good 
white oak or poplar ; on his planting an orchard of two hundred 
winter apple trees and keeping them well fenced and trimmed, and 
on his paying to the trustees the annual rent of six pounds cur- 
rent money. Robert Armistead was a prominent man in Eliza- 
beth City County, being for many years church warden of the 
Parish and Colonel of the Militia." His w^ill is dated July 28, 
1771, afid was proved November 24, 1774, and it names (123) 
William^ A., (124) James^ A., (125) Robert" A., (126) Mary' 
A., married Joseph Selden. 

Will of Col. Robert Armistead. 

In the name of God Amen, I, Robert Armistead, the elder of 
Elizabeth City Co. Va. being sick of body but sound mind Cf 
make this my last Will and Testament in Manner following : 
Imprimis, I recommend my soul to God its Maker. I give and 
bequeath unto my son William Armistead all the Lands I pos- 
sess at Sawyers Swamp, to him and his heirs forever. 

Item — I give the Plantation whereon I formerly lived to Son 
James Armistead, provide he shall live during the Term men- 
tioned in a Lease granted to me for the same by the Trustees of 
Eaton's Free School, it being part of said Land. And in case :f 
his Death before the expiration of the said Lease then I give the 
same unto my Son William Armistead. 

Item — I give all the slaves now in my Son-in-law, Joseph 
Selden's Poss'on and their increase to him and his heirs, which 
have been delivered to me some time. 

Item — I give and bequeath to my Son William Armistead and 
his Heirs my slaves Wallace and Bess, In trust neverless upon 
this Condition and for no other. To hold in Trust for the L^^se of 
my Son James Armistead during his natural life subject in any 

224 The Armistead Family 

James's debts and after his Death in Trust and the children of 
him, the sd. James and their heirs. 

Item — I give to my Son Thomas Armistead and his Heirs, 
my Negro Boy named Cato. 

Item — I give to my Son Moss Wallace Armistead my Negro 
Boy Toney to whom and his Heirs which together with what 
Money and other things I have given him will make him equal 
with my other children and is all I intend to do for him. 

Item — I give unto my Son Robert Armistead and his Heirs 
my Negroes Boatswane, Phoebe, Charles, Juba, Rose and Dinah. 

Item — I give my Negro Girl Nanny to my Grandaughter 
Euphon Armistead, daughter of my son William, to her and her 

Item — I give all the Residue of my Shares and personal 
Estate to my two Sons William and Thomas Armistead to them 
and their Heirs equally to be divided between them. What pro- 
vision I've here made for my Son James together with whit 
Money I have before given him and have been obliged to pay for 
him is all I intend to do for him. 

Item — I herein release all my children from all Debts they 
may owe me at the Time of my Death. 

Lastly, I constitute and appoint my Son William Armistead 
and my Friend Richard Gary, Executors of this my last Will and 
Testament hereby revoking all other Wills heretofore by me 
made. And I order that my Estate be not appraised or my Ex- 
ecutors held to Security. In witness whereof I have hereto set 
my Hand and Seal this 28th Day of July Anno. Dom. 1771. 

Signed, Sealed published and declared by the Testator to be 
his last Will and Testament in Presence of us. 

Richard Gary. 

R. Armistead [Seal.] 

Son William Armistead above married Mary Latham Gurle, 
sister of Judge William Roscoe W. Gurle. 
EupTion above married Joseph Selden. 

The Armistead Family 225 

(123) William^ Armistead married twice. Issue by first mar- 
riage: (i) Euphon Armistead, married William A. Graves; (2} 
S^rah Armistead; (3) Mary Armistead; (4) Anne Armistead, 
married Starkey Robinson, of Richmond, and had Anthony, 
Polly, William Armistead, Fanny, Eliza, and Robert Robinson; 
(5) Robert Armistead. 

(123) William Armistead married second, Mary Latham 
Curie, daughter of Wilson Curie and Priscilla Meade, and widow 
of Robert Wallace. Issue: (6) William Armistead; (7) Moss 
Armistead, and (8) Rebecca Armistead. 

(6) William Armistead married first, Martha (Patsy) Booker. 
Issue: (i) Mary Booker Armistead. He married second, EHza- 
beth Armistead, of North Carolina, and had (2) William Moss 
Armistead, married Rebecca Phillips; (3) Catherine Armistead, 

married Walker Watts ; (4) Robert Armistead, married , 

of New Orleans. 

(7) Moss Armistead married first, Mary Booker, and had 
Martha, who married John Whiting; married second, Mildred 
Sclater and had William Armistead. Moss Armistead died in 


(8) Rebecca Armistead married first, John Sheppard. Issue: 
(i) John; (2) Mary Curie, who married J. Phillips; (3) Eliza 
Curie. Rebecca Armistead married second, Elijah Phillips, and 
had (i) Rebecca, who married William Moss Armistead above; 
(2) Sarah, who married Edwa;rd King; (3) Lavinia, married 
William Holt; (4) Jefferson Curie Phillips, who married Caroline 

Another record has William Armistead married Mary Latham 
Curie, sister of Judge Wm. Roscoe Wilson Curie, and had James, 
Robert (clerk of Blandford Church), Thomas, who married in 
1777 Margaret Farom (widow) and had a daughter Anna Currie 
Armistead. Moss Wallace A. married Catherine. 

Robert Armistead was clerk of Blandford Church, in Peters- 
burg, from 1771 to 1787. Thomas Armistead was living in the 
same place in 1780. Probably one of the two was father of The- 

226 The Armistead Family 

odoirick Armistead, Esq., navy agent of the United States, at 
Norfolk, in 1812. This gentleman was born in Petersburg in 
1777, and became one of the leading citizens of Norfolk, being 
foremost in every scheme of industry or charity. He died in his 
thirty-sixth year, on November 20, 1812. His will was proved in 
Norfolk city. The will of his step-mother, Juliana Armistead, 
was proved February 26, 1832. He had issue, Martha Juliana 
Armistead and Elizabeth Tucker Armistead. He appears to have 
had two brothers : ( i ) Thomas Armistead, who married Mary 
Allison, and had son James Allison Armistead; and (2) William 
A. Armistead, executor of Juliana Armistead. He married Han- 
nah, daughter of "the late Thomas Newton," on March 13, 1808. 
Mrs. Juliana Armistead mentions also in her will "nieces Fanny 
Long, formerly Fanny Quenlin, and Lucy Segar, now Lucy Page, 
daughter of John Segar, and Lucy Anderson, his wife, nephew 
Edward Fisher, friend Polly Armistead." 

(123) William*' A., son of Col. Robert^ A., married 

His will proved September 26, 1799, names (127) Robert'^, (128) 
Euphon, married William Graves, (129) Anne, married Starkey 
Robinson, (130) Sarah, (131) Mary, (132) William, (133) 
Moss, who died 1813, leaving wife Mildred and children Martha 
and William (134) Rebecca, who married Elijah Phillips. 

(127) Robert^ A., son of William^ A., married Hannah Pat- 
rick, born April 27, 1765, daughter of John and Hannah Pat- 
rick, of New Poquoson Parish, York County ; married second, 
Pricilla Tabb, daughter of Maj. Henry Tabb. Issue by first mar- 
riage: (135) William, born March 14, 1785, settled in Ohio; 
(136) Patrick, major of militia at battle of Hampton, 1812, born 
April 7, 1787; (137) Mary Manson, born November 6, I78g, 
married Francis Mennis Armistead; (138) Anne, d. s. p., 1815. 
Issue by second marriage: (139) Maria Tabb, married first, Mr. 
George ; second, William M. Peyton ; by first marriage, Enoch 
George ; by second marriage, W^illiam Yelverton Peyton, d. s. p. 
(140) Robert*, who married Julia Samuel Travis, daughter of 
Captain Samuel Travis and Elizabeth Bright, daughter of Sam- 
uel Bright. 

The Armistead Family 227 

(141) Robert Travis Armistead, attorney-at-law, residing in 
Williamsburg, who married Mary Frances Armistead, daughter 
of Frank AI. Armistead and Mary Armistead, his wife, daughter 
of (127) Robert A.; (142) William C. A.; Wm. Champion A. 
d. 8. p., in Confederate Army 1865; (143) Susan P. A. D., 
infant; (144) Samuel P. d., infant; (145) Henry Tabb A., mar- 
ried Rebecca Holt; (146) Cary Peyton A., married Dora Jones, 
daughter of Rowland Jones; (147) Julia A. (single); (148) 
Mary A., married Virginius T. Holt, of Hampton ; issue, Lavinia, 
Lady May, Julia, Robert. 

(105) William^ A. ( William^, William^ Anthony^ William', 
Anthony^) married Elizabeth Moseley, daughter of Captain Wil- 
liam Moseley, of Princess Anne County before 1734. Issue: 
(no) Hannah, (in) William, (112) Anthony, (113) Moseley. 

(in) William" A., son of William'^ A., may have been the 
"William Armistead, Jr.," who mairried Constance ; will proved 
in 1772 names (114) Robert A., (115) William A., (116) Mary, 
born December 22, 1765; (117) Judith, not named in will but 
given In New Poquoson Parish Register, born July 29, 1762. 

(113) Moseley Armistead, son of William^ A., married m 
1766 Margaret, daughter of John Herbert and Judith Curie, his 
wife, daughter of Joshua Curie and Rosa, his wife, who married 
second, Anthony Tucker. Issue named in Judith Herbert's will, 
dated 1777: (120) William, (121) Moseley, (122) Anthony. 

William" A., son of John*' A. and Mary Burbage, was agent 
for the State providing arms, clothing and other necessaries dur- 
ing Revolutionary War. He was known as William Armistead 
of "The Neck." He married Susanna Hutching Travis, daughter 
of Colonel Edward Champion Travis, of Jamestown. He, Wil- 
liam A., died June, 1793, leaving a son William^ A. This 'Wil- 
liam A. was probably father of Robert A. of "The Neck," who 
had a daughter, Elizabeth A., who married Robert Christian, 
brother of Letitia Christian, first wife of President Tyler. 

Robert^ Burbage A., son of Colonel John", of New Kent, mar- 
ried Mary Semple, sister of Judge James Semple. He died ?n 
181 1. Issue: (29) John Dandridge Armistead, died, age 17, 
\\hilc a student at William and Mary; (30) William^ 

228 The Armistead Family 

(30) William^ A., son of Robert^ Burbage A., born in New 
Kent, 1797, attended William and Mary in 1816. Married Lucy 
Boyd, and with his family removed to Alabama in 1833 ; died 
1856. Issue: (31) Robert" A., educated at William and Mary 
College, where he studied law under Judge N. B. Tucker. Major 
of Twenty-second Alabama Regiment ; killed at Shiloh. He has 
children living in Texas. (32) William Boyd, student at Wil- 
liam and Mary, a physician, married Mrs. Eliza Cantella Knox 
(jice Scott), and had issue Elliott and George. George, born nt 
Snowdown, Montgomery County, Ala., November 18, i860, mar- 
ried, October 26, 1904, Jennie Judge, daughter of Thomas J. 
Judge, a brilliant lawyer of Alabama, Judge of the Supreme 
Court of the State shortly after the war. Jennie Judge Armi- 
stead and infant died 1906. He married second, Mary Frobel 
Raoul, July 5, 1909, the daughter of Thomas Cooper Raoul 
and Mary Marshall Moore, his wife. Issue : Elizabeth Boyd 
A. (3) Rosalie Virginia married Elmore G. Fitzpatrick, 
both died, leaving children. (34) Mary A. married Philip 
Gayle, of Montgomery, Ala. ; they have the following chil- 
dren : William Armistead Gayle, Joseph Philips Gayle, Lucy 
Herbert Gayle, Mary Semple Gayle. William Armistead Gayle 
married Mary Winn, of Marengo County, Ala. Five chil- 
dren have been born to them, all of whom are now minors and 
unmarried, being Walter Winn Gayle, Willey Griffin Gayle, Mary 
Phillips Gayle, William Armistead Gayle, Jr., Norman Winn 
Gayle. Joseph Philips Gayle died recently. Lucy is living and 
unmarried. Mary Semple married Dr. William L. Law, a promi- 
nent physician of Montgomery, Ala. They have had no children. 

(35) Lizzie Rowe, married Paul Tucker Sayre and has children. 

(36) Herbert^ A., lieutenant-colonel of Twenty-second Alabama 
Regiment, mortally wounded at battle of Franklin, Tenn. (37) 
Lucy Boyd A., married Robert Goldthwait, and has children. 

The following letter is a worthy tribute to the gallantry of 
Robert Armistead, major of the Twenty-second Alabama Regi- 

The Armistead Family 229 

"Near Corinth, Miss., April 11, 1862. 

"My Dear Mrs. Fitzpatrick — You have doubtless heard s^i 
your sad loss in the death of your brother, Major Armistead. I 
write to claim the privilege of a friend of yours and his : that is 
sharing in your sorrow. I was with him after he was wounded 
for some time, giving him all the attention in my power. He 
was struck by a grape shot in the right side, the shot passing 
through to the surface on the opposite side. He was conscious 
that his wound was mortal, but was calm and resigned. Feeling 
assured that he could survive but a short time, I asked him if he 
wished me to do anything for him. He said nothing except 'Tell 
my dear sisters- how I loved them, and that my last hours are 
spent in thoughts of them ; I know how they will suffer when they 
hear this.' 

"He frequently reverted to this, and it seemed to be the only 
thought that troubled him. When the surgeon came to him he 
said: 'Doctor, I have great confidence in your opinion, examine 
my wound and give me a candid answer ; I do not fear death ; 
I know I must die, but I wish to know how long I have to live.' 

"The surgeon examined the wound, but remained silent. 
Major Armistead understood him clearly, but no trepidation 
was visible,- no alarm expressed. He remained calm as if merely 
reclining to rest. He frequently spoke of the grief his sisters 
would feel. He said to me, 'I have died in the right place, I hope 
at the right time, I know in the right cause.' I am thus circum- 
stantial because I know every word and incident of this final hour 
will interest you. I did all I could to make him comfortable 
under the circumstances, while I remained with him. 

"Our cause has lost a noble and gallant defender, our State 
an intellectual man, society a chivalrous and polished gentleman, 
his friends a true and beloved companion, and his sisters a 
brother who loved them better than his own life, and who grieved 
only for them in his death hour. 

"I never saw such calm heroism before, and desire to emulate 
him should it be my fate to die, as he did, in defence of our 

230 The Armistead Family 

"I was agitated while he was placid ; I wept over his wounds, 
he sorrowed only for his sisters. 

"I hope you may find some consolation in the circumstances 
attending his end. He died for his country, and in the hour that 
tries men's souls gave the strongest proof of the nobility of his 
own. Rest assured that I sympathize deeply with you and yours 
in this sad bereavement, and only regret that I can do nothing 
to palliate your sorrow. May God give you and your sisters the 
strength to bear your loss with resignation. 

"Accept my kindest regards and believe me your friend, 

"Thos. W. Oliver. 

"Mrs. E. G. Fitzpatrick, Montgomery, Ala." 

Anthony Armistead and Frances Thomson ; issue, William 
and Anne. Issue : William, John, Anthony, Frances. 

(3) Anthony^ A. married Hannah Ellison. Issue: (82) Wil- 
liam*, (83) Anthony ^ (84) Robert*, (85) Judith*, (86) Han- 

(84) Robert* A. married first, Miss Booth; second, Katherine 
Nutting. Issue by first marriage: (212) Elliason' A., (213) 
Booth^ A. By second marriage: (214) Robert, (215) Booth'', 
(216) Angelica^. 

(215) Booth^ A. married Miss Stith ; will made April 17, 
1770, proved June 28, 1770, names (i) Robert, (2) Booth, (4) 
Betsy A., married Captain William Armistead, son of Gill Armi- 
stead, of New Kent. 

(212) Elliason, of York County, son of (84) Captain Robert 
A., was captain, justice and high sheriff of York County. His 
will, proved December 19, 1757. He married at least twice. By 
first wife he had (217) Robert^ Booth, who was at least twenty- 
one in 1758, when he was guardian of Moss. Children: (218) 
James® Brag, who died 1790, leaving property to Diana Wallace 
Bailey. By second wife, Jane Anderson (daughter of Rev. Chas. 
Anderson, of Westover, and Frances, his wife), whom he mar- 
ried in 1740, had issue: (219) Elliason®, (220) Charles', (221) 
Frances Anderson, who married Nelson, and had only 

The Armistead Family 231 

one child, Frances Anderson Nelson, (222) Jane, (223) Eliza- 

(217) Robert Booth Armistead, son of (95) Elliason'^ A., 
student at William and Mary in 1753, married Ann Shields (born 
July 31, 1742), daughter of James Shields and Anne Marot 
(daughter of Jean Marot, a French Huguenot), widow of James 
Inglis, son of Mungo Inglis, first grammar master of William 
and Alary College. Issue, one child, (224) Mary Marot Armi- 
stead (1761-1797), who married John Tyler, Governor of Vir- 
ginia (1808-1811), and was the mother of John Tyler, President 
of the United States (1841-1845). 

(219) Elliason^ Armistead, son of Captain Elliason" A., mar- 
ried Susanna Christian, daughter of Michael Christian of North- 
ampton County, who was grandson of Michael C. and Rose 
Powell, married in 1722. 

(214) Robert^ Armistead, to whom his father (84) Robert* 
A. left a plantation on Elk Creek in Hanover County in that part 
afterwards called Louisa County, married Louisa Westwood, 
daughter of William Westwood, of Elizabeth City County; will 
proved in 1701. Issue, four children: (225) Mary Elizabeth A. 
(born 1740; died February 12, 1824), (226) Catherine A., {^2.2'^^ 
, (228) Robert A. 

(226) Catherine Armistead married James Maury (widower 
with five children, consul at Liverpool forty-five years. No chil- 
dren by last marriage. 

(227) A daughter, married Israel Lacy, of Loudoun County. 
Issue: (i) Maria L., married William Cooke, and moved ro 
Louisiana; (2) Mrs. Bristow; (3) Mary Lacy, married, 1818, 
Peyton Cooke, brother of William Cooke; (4) Westwood Lacy; 
(5) Jack L. ; (6) Catherine L., married Brown, a law- 
yer in Tennessee; (7) Robert L., for over thirty years in Post- 
office Department in Washington, D. C. 

(225) Mary Elizabeth Armistead — "Polly," a great beauty 
and belle — married Stevens Thomson Mason. "Polly" Armi- 
stead's father was (214) Robert Armistead, who married Louisa 
Westwood, who was the sister of Elizabeth Westwood who mar- 

232 The Armistead Family 

ried first, James Wallace ; married second, Hon. William Thom- 
son Mason, father of Steven Thomson Mason who married Polly 
Armistead. Louisa and Elizabeth Westwood were nieces of 
Elizabeth Westwood who married (83) Anthony Armistead, the 
direct ancestor of the editor of this record. The women of the 
Westwood family were famed for their beauty. Mrs. Peyton 
Wise, of Richmond, Va., possesses an exquisite miniature of 
her great-gireat-grandmother, Louisa Westwood. It is the size 
of a silver half dollar, enameled on gold; on the reverse gold 
side, the letters R. A. (Robert Armistead), whom she married. 
Its charming color and graceful design suggest Watteau's idyllic 
work. In the back ground is a landscape with sheep grazing ; 
in the foreground is seated this beutiful girl in Marie Antoinette 
court dress — a veritable lady in waiting at La Petite Trianori. 
Judges of the painting consider it the work of an expert artist. 
Although at least an hundred and seventy years old, it has lo-t 
none of its purity of color. Louisa's first mentioned child, Mary 
Elizabeth A. (Polly), was born in 1740. Louisa was married 
in 1738. At the age, probably, of twenty or eighteen the minia- 
ture was painted, making her birth date 1 718 or 1720. The beauty 
of the miniature is best seen under a magnifying glass. 

Mrs. Chilton, the mother of Mrs. Wise, possesses a portrait 
of Mary Elizabeth Armistead (Polly), her grandmother, the 
daughter of Louisa Westwood and Robert Armistead of "Seren- 
ity Hall,'' Louisa County, formerly Hanover County. This 
"beauty and belle'' seems proudly conscious of her charms. 

Colonel George Mason, in 1721, married Anne, daughter of 
Stevens Thomson, and granddaughter of Sir William Thomson, 
of England, of the Yorkshire family of that name. Their two 
sons were "The Bill of Rights" George Mason, of "Gunston 
Hall," and Hon. Thomson Mason, who married first. Miss Barnes, 
of Maryland; second, the widow Wallace {nee Elizabeth West- 
wood). , 

Note. — Stevens Thomson, Attorney General of Vi'rginia, and 
Sir William Thomson, born 1658, were sons of William Thom- 
son, of Yorkshire, England, one of the rnasters of the Utter bar. 

The Armistead Family 233 

By the first marriage was Stevens Thomson Mason the eldest, 
A^ho married Mary Elizabeth Armistead (Polly), born 1740. Is- 
sue: Armistead Thomson Mason, Mary Mason, (Gen.) John 
Thomson ]\Iason, Catherine Mason, Emily Rutger Mason. 

Armistead Thomson Mason lost his life in a famous duel with 
William McCarty. His only child, a son, was killed in the Mexi- 
can War. Miss Kate Mason Rowland has an oration by Armi- 
stead Thomson ^Mason delivered when a student, from the ros- 
trum of William and Mary College, July 4, 1807, subject, "The 
Restriction of Suffrage," printed in Richmond, Va., by S. Grant- 
land, 1807, at the request of the students and faculty of William 
and Mary College. 

General John Thomson Mason married Eliza Baker Moir, of 
Williamsburg. Issue: (Gov.) Stevens Thomson M.; Mary, 
married General Howard; Emily Virginia M.; Armistead Mason; 
Laura M.; Ann M. Aliss Emily Virginia Mason has occupied a 
most distinguished position in the social and political life of Amer- 
ican women. She lived fifteen years in Paris, where her salon 
was the gathering place for persons of culture and distinction. 
She was presented at the Austrian court, the most exclusive in 
Europe. Was a leader in hospital work for wounded and sick 
Confederates. In 1908, when in her ninetieth year, she traveled 
to Detroit, Michigan to be present at the unveiling of the monu- 
ment to her brother, Stevens Thomson Mason, the first Gov- 
ernor of Michigan, who was another noted member of this fam- 
ily. Born in 181 1, he was appointed territorial secretary of 
Michigan in 183 1 ; was appointed Governor of the State of Mich- 
igan in 1835; re-elected in 1837; died in New York City, where 
he was practicing law, in 1843. His remains were taken, by re- 
quest of the State of Michigan to Detroit and reinterred in 1905. 
In 1908 a bronze monument was erected over his last resting 
place — a replica of the form and face* of this youthful stateman. 
His face is of the heroic, masterful type, beautiful as well as hand- 
some. The inscription on the monument is as follows : 

234 The Armistead Family 

The Tribute of 


To the Memory of her 

First Governor 

whose ashes lie beneath. 

Called to the duties of 

Manhood while yet a boy 

He so acquitted himself 

As to stamp his name 

Indelibly on the history 

of the 


And this honor was paid to him seventy years 

after he was first elected Governor. 

Catherine Armistead Mason (daughter of General John T. 
Mason and Eliza Moir, his wife) married Maj. Isaac Rowland. 
Issue: Kate Mason R., an author of note; Elizabeth Moir R. ; 
Thomas Rowland (on General Ranson's staff), and John Thom- 
son Mason R., who, at the earnest request of his grandfather, 
General John Thomson Mason, dropped the Rowland, bearing 
his grandfather's name. 

Laura Mason (daughter of General John T. Mason and Eliza 
Moir, his wife,) married General R. H. Chilton, chief of Gen. 
R. E. Lee's staff till the last year of the war, when he was, with 
General Cooper, in Richmond. Issue of above marriage, a son 
and two daughters — Robert Lee Chilton, Laura C. and Emily 
Virginia C. Laura, the widow of General Peyton Wise, resides 
in Richmond. Her mother, Mrs. Chilton, lives with her. 

Catherine Armistead Mason (daughter of Stevens T. Mason 
and Mary Elizabeth Armistead, his wife,) married first, William 
Barry ; married second. Judge Hickey, of Kentucky. 

Emily Rutger Mason (daughter of Stevens Thomson Mason 
and Mary Elizabeth Armistead) married William McCarty, of 
"Cedar Grove," Fairfax County, Va. Issue : Dr. Jones McC. and 
Thornton McC. After the death of his first wife, William McC. 
married Mary Burwell. Issue: Mr. Page McCarty. 

The Armistead Family 235 

There is a splendid portrait of Stevens Thomson Mason, fir-^t 
Governor of Michigan, a copy of which his sister, Mrs. General 
Chilton, of Richmond, has. The artist happened in the barber 
shop where Steven T. Mason was being shaved. x\s soon as ae 
caught sight of this gloriously handsome youth, his shirt open 
and folded back, his throat bare, he begged that he would :-it 
for him, and in this way the portrait was painted. The style 
rather suggests Byron, but far more beautiful. 

John Armistead, of Elizabeth City County, married Mrs. 
Jean Sinclair Bean (nee Watts). Issue: (i) John Sinclair Armi- 
stead, married Diana Whiting Smith, of Hampton. Issue : Cha;^. 
J. A., who died young. John S. Armistead died, and his widow 
married Mr. Gumming. (2) Samuel Watts Armistead, married, 
1861, Mary Shield Howard. Issue (i) Jean Sinclair A. (2) 
Kate Howard A. (3) Mary Shield A. (4) Frances Jennings 
A., who died young. 

(i) Jean Sinclair Armistead married, 1888, Woodson S. Ven- 
able, of Danville. Issue: Jean Sinclair V., Mary Howard V.. 
Paul Carrington V. Armistead V. 

(2) Kate Howard A. unmarried. 

(3) Mary Shield Armistead married J. Luther Brown, of 
Danville. Issue : Mary Brown. 

The widow Jean Sinclair Bean, who married John Armistead 
above, had one child— Apphia Whiting Bean — a beautiful girl, 
who married Dr. William Keaton Jennings. Issue, one child, 
Jean Frances Jennings, who married, 1872, Thomas Leiper 
Crouch, of Richmond, Va. Issue, one child, Frances Leiper 
Crouch, who married Charles Russel Dodson, of Texas, now Vir- 

Tyler — Armistead. 

John and Henry Tyler, the first di this family in Virginia, 
settled in 1636 in the middle Plantations between Jamestown and 
Yorktown, embracing Williamsburg and adjacent country. 
Henry Tyler settled on the spot where Williamsburg was laid 
out in 1690. The land upon which the palace of the Royal Gov- 

236 The Armistead Family 

ernor and the College of William and ]\lary were built, was ac- 
quired from his estate. Jdhn settled about four miiles from Wil- 
liamsburg, where he built his home, a round brick house — ''War- 
burton" — in James City County. These two, Henry and John, 
were younger members of an ancient Shropshire family, origi- 
nally from Wales, represented in Great Britain in the elder line 
by the late Sir William Tyler, and later Sir Charles Tyler of 
Parliament and Admiralty. 

It is not known whom the first John married. His son, John-, 
Esq., married his counsin, Elizabeth Tyler. Their son, John'', 
by royal appointment marshal of the colony, married Anne, 
daughter of Dr. Lewis Contesse, a French Huguenot of high 
character. Their two sons were John and Lewis Tyler. John* 
Tyler married Mary Marot Armistead, only daughte*r of Robert 
Booth Armistead and Anne Shields, his wife, born July 31, 1742. 
Robert B. Armistead, student at William and Mary 1753, was 
the son of Robert A. and Moss Booth, his wife. This last Robert 
A., the son of Anthony A. and Hannah Elliason, his wife. An- 
thony A., son of emigrant William A. 

"The beautiful Mary Armistead," as she was called by the 
gallants of Willianiisburg (see Gazette), was born 1761 ; died 
1797; married John Tyler and went to live at "Greenway," near 
Charles City C. H. "He was a distinguished Revolutionary 
patriot." His first born was named Wat. Henry Tyler, at whose 
christening was Patrick Henry, who, when the child was named, 
asked "Why that name?" his mother replied, "For the two great- 
est British rebels, Wat. Tyler and Patrick Henry." John Tyler* 
was an eminent jurist, and as Judge of Admiralty decided the 
first prize case after independence was declared, holding his court 
under a large golden willow on the lawn at "Greenway." He 
and Thomas Jefiferson were great friends. He was governor of 
the State from 1808 to 181 1. Later Judge of United States 
District Court till he died. 

John Tyler^ Jr., the son of John Tyler and Mary Armistead, 
his wife, was a youth of unusual promise. At thirteen was en- 
tered at William and Mary grammar school, living at the home 

The Armistead Family 237 

of Judge Semple. Graduated at William and Mary just after 
he was seventeen; studied law under Judge Edmund Randolph, 
Attorney General of the Washington administration ; obtained 
law license when twenty — no questions as to his age. The second 
year after he was elected to Virginia Legislature. His winning 
address, sagacity and eloquence made him a leader for the five 
consecutive years he was delegate. In 1816, when tv/enty- six, 
was elected to Congress; re-elected in 1817 by overwhelming 
popular majority, and again in 1819; resigned in 1821. Ill '.n 
health, he retired from public life to his home and wife and 
children. On the 29th of March, 181 3, he had married Letitia 
Christian, daughter of Robert Christian, of "Cedar Grove," New 
Kent County, Va., both twenty-three years old. She bare him 
many children, and years afterwards as mistress of the White 
House, was spoken of as "one of the sweetest matrons ever 
there." In 1823 he was again sent to the Legislature, and in 
1825 was elected by the General Assembly Governor of the 
State — a second time elected Governor unanimously. In 1827 
elected by General Assembly to United States Senate to succeed 
the illustrious John Randolph; re-elected March, 1833; resigned 
his seat 1836; was again returned to Legislature in 1838. In 
1840 elected Vice-President; Harrison (Tippecanoe) President. 
The latter lived only one month after inauguration, when Tyler 
became President. While President he married second time, on 
26th of June, 1844, in New York City, Church of the Ascension, 
Julia Gardiner, daughter of Hon. David Gardiner, of Brooklyn, 
who was killed on ship Princeton by the explosion of the gun 
Peacemaker. Miss Julia Gardiner and other ladies were aboard 
and detained President Tyler below in the dining-room, when 
all of his Cabinet and Mr. Gardiner were killed by the explosion 
of the cannon. She presided at the White House with tact and 
grace for eight months, when she retired with him to their coun- 
try home, "Sherwood Forest," in Charles City, where she lived, 
the mother of many children, for seventeen years till his death, 
when she went back for a while to her old home on Staten Island, 
but returned to "Sherwood Forest," which was dear to her as 

238 The Armistead Family 

the home of her husband and the birthplace of her children. 
They also had a summer home at Hampton. 

"The part which Mr. Tyler took in the Peace Convention of 
1861 was the most glorious of his life. It alone is a monument 
worthy of any name." He was by a unanimous election made 
permanent president, and his speech at the opening of the Con- 
vention, pulsating with all the eloquence and fire of youth, was 
a clarion voice calling on the country to preserve her unity; but 
it was soon hushed by the thunderbolt of Lincoln's proclamation. 

On the 18th of January, 1862, in Richmond, Va., this patri:)t 
and statesman passed from earth. "He fell where he always 
stood foremost in the ranks, battling for the best interests of 
the State and country" he loved so dearly. He sleeps in beai- 
tiful Hollywood. "By his talents and attainments, his unyield- 
ing integrity and devotion to principle, his lofty and ardent 
patriotism, happily blended with those high qualities of public 
and personal purity ; he has erected in the hearts of his people a 
monument which will long be cherished as a national treasure." 

His son Dr. Lyon Gardiner Tyler, man of letters, noted gene- 
alogist and author, is president of William and Mary College, 
of which his illustrious father was rector and chancellor. Dr. 
Tyler married, 1878, Miss Annie Tucker, daughter of St. George 
Tucker. Issue: Julia T., Elizabeth T., married Alfred H. Miles, 
of United States Navy, and a son, John Tyler. 

Mr. Lyon G. Tyler's ancestor on his mother's side was Lyon 
Gardiner, lieutenant in British army. He bought an island of 
3,000 acres ofif the eastern end of Long Island, which descended 
to the family. 

Note. — The above was mainly gleaned from Governor Wise's 
Seven Decades of the Union. 

228. Robert^ Armistead, son of 214. Robert^ A., of 
County, resided at "The Cottage" in Loudoun County, having sold 
the homestead in Louisa, married first, Margaret Ellsey ; second, 
Mrs. Dalrymple (nee Fanny Hislop), born at White Raven in 
T-Lngland, on February 22. 1763. Issue by first wife: 229. Elirj- 
aheth, married John McKinley, of Kentucky, United States Cir- 

The Armistead Family 239 

cuit Judge. She was born in 1800, and died sine prole in 1893. 
230. Alary married Willis Pope and had three sons and one 
daughter: (i) William, (2) John, (3) Samuel H. and (4) Eliza- 
beth. The family moved to Columbus, Miss. By second wife, 
Rebert x-Trmistead had five children: 231. Robert"; 232. George' 
Graham'; 233. Isabella, who married Dr. Ben. F. Brocchus, of 
Loudoun County, Va., and had four sons : ( i ) Robefrt Armistead, 
adjutant of a Texas regiment, C. S. A., killed at Mannsfield ; 
(2) John Graham, died in cavalry service C. S. A.; (3) Edmund 
Fitzhugh, married Mary Allen, of Chester, Illinois, now living 
at Fort Smith, Ark.; (4) Thomas, married lantha Penn, now 
living in Huntsville, Ala. ; 234. Harriet M. married William H. 
Nolan, of Alda, Va., lieutenant U. S. Navy; both sine prole. 
235. Nancy Ann married Henry A. Bragg, of Norfolk, Va., Feb- 
ruary 15, 1832, and lived at Florence, Ala., till 1849, when they 
moved to ]\Iemphis, Tenn. Issue: (i) Henry T., married Sally 
Starr; (2) Frank S. ; (3) Edward V.; (4) Mary Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Thomas P. Adams; (5) Isabella Graham, married Dr. Fred- 
eick T. Sweet; (6) Fanny Cuthbert, married R. S. Donelson; 
{7) George G., died infant; (8) Fanny, died infant; (10) Diana, 
died infant. 

231. Robert Armistead, son of 228. Robert, of "The Cottage," 
married Miss Vaughan, of North Carolina, and had issue one 
son and four daughters — George G. A., Mary L. A., Neppie A., 
Fanny L., widow of Dr. Forrester, of Louisville, Ky., Nannie A. 

232. George Graham^ Armistead, son of 228. Robert® A., cf 
"The Cottage," married first, Alice Virginia Fontaine, November 
7, 183T, and moved to Florence, Ala. He married second, Jane 
Forsyth, daughter of James Forsyth. Issue by first wife : Dr. 
Hislop^ A. ; Lewis Carter^ A. ; Mary Frances^ A., married Young 
A. Gray, of Florence, Ala., now living in Honey Grove, Texas ; 
Alice Fontaine A., died infant. Issue by second wife : A. D. 
Hunt^ A. ; George Graham^ A. Jr. ; Ellen Forsyth^ A., married 
L. H. Medberry, of Chicago, III., and is now a widow ; Lizzie 
Baker A., married Peter Fontaine Armistead, deceased. Issue : 
(i) Gus. Henry A., (2) James Baker A., (3) George Graham 
A.. (4) Peter Fontaine A. 

240 The Armistead Family 

Arabella Dobbin, daughter of 232. George Graham Armistead, 
married her cousin, Frank S. Bragg, of Arlington, Tenn. Is- 
sue: (i) Frank S. J. Bragg, (2) Harris Forsyth B., (3) Geo. 
Graham B, (4) Henry T. B., (5) Hislop B, (6) Ellen B., (7) 
Elizabeth Fontaine B. 

Jane Armistead, daughter of 232. George Graham A., mar- 
ried E. Y. Moore, of Chicago, 111., now living in Cleveland, Ohio. 
Issue: (i) Sam M. (2) Janette M., (3) Margaret M. 

Dr. Hislop^ Armistead, son of 232. George Graham'^ Armi- 
stead, was captain Company H, Fourth Alabama Infantry, C. S. 
A. ; was killed in charge at Malvern Hill, age twenty-three. 

Lewis Carter Armistead, son of 232. George Graham A., was 
lieutenant in Fourth Tennessee Regiment Infantry, C. S. A. ; 
wounded at Shiloh and Perryville ; married Rosalie Dobbin, of 
Louisville, Ky. Issue: (i) Hamilton, (2) Berkeley, (3) Mc- 
Farland, (4) Hislop, (5) Jane, (6) Hattie, (7) Mary, (8) Rosa- 
lie. Lewis Carter Armistead died at his home in Sumner County, 
Tenn., October, 1897. 

A. D. Hunt^ Armistead, son of 232. George Graham A., mar- 
ried Pattie Eldridge, daughter of Judge Thomas D. Eldridge, of 
Memphis. Issue two sons and four daughters : ( i ) Eldrige A., 

(2) A. D. Hunt A., Jr., (3) Mary Eldridge A., (4) Jane For- 
syth A., (5) Georgia Graham A., (6) Martha Graham* A. 

George Graham A., Jr., son of 232. George G. A., married 
Mattie Smith, of Manchester, Iowa. Issue: (i) Hunt, (2) Ellen, 

(3) Belle. 

Mr. Lyon G. Tyler says : "Captain William Armistead was, 
doubtless, a son of 170. Anthony^, and brother of 204. Anthony", 
205. Robert**, 206. Westivood^, 207. Alexander® Carver." Mrs. 
Margaret A. Lewis, of Texas, a granddaughter of Captain Wil- 
liam A., says her grandfather had at least two brothers, both of 
whom were killed during the Revolution. He saw his brother 
Westwood killed at the battle of Brandywine. He had two sis- 
ters who died young, and mentioned his aunts living in Virginia. 
Captain William Armistead moved to Randolph County, North 
Carolina, and married Rebecca Kimball, near Warrenton, N. C. ; 

The Armistead Family 241 

thence to Alabama in 1819. Children as copied from family 
Bible as follows: Westwood A., born 1791 ; John A., born 1792; 
Elizabeth Lee A., born 1794; Martha A., born 1796. Captain 
William Armistead married second, Elizabeth, widow of John 
Morris and daughter of Lewis and Jane Westmoreland, of Hali- 
fax County, N. C. She had a son John Morris. Children by 
second marriage: Robert Starkey A., born 1800; Jane West- 
moreland A., born 1802. Captain William A., died in Clarke 
County, Ala. On his tombstone the following: 

"In memory of Captain William Armistead, a soldier of the 
Revolution, a native of Virginia; departed this life March ist, 
1842, age eighty years.'' 

His son Westwood A. married Elizabeth Borrughs in North 
Carolina; died in 1845. Issue: (i) James W. A.; (2) Bryan A.; 
(3) William Westwood A.; (4) Robert S. A.; (5) Emma A., 

married Cunningham; (6) Elizabeth A., married her 

second cousin, John Kimball. 

The second son of Captain William A., John Kimball A., mar- 
ried Julia Gaines. They lived in Wilcox, Ala. ; moved thence in 
1840 to Mississippi. Issue: (i) William Henry A.; (2) James 
A.; (3) General Charles A., C. S. A.; (4) John A., who had a 
son Wilfiam and a daughter; (5) Dr. E. R. A., of Prescott, Ala.; 
(6) a daughter; (7) a daughter. 

Robert Starkey, third son of Captain William Armistead, 
married Anne Carney; moved to Texas in 1835; died 1866. 

The eldest daughter of Captain William Armistead, Elizabeth 
Lee, married his stepson, John Morris. The second daughter 
married Edmund Waddill, of North Carolina. They have great- 
grandchildren in Wilcox County, Alabama. Jane Westmoreland 
married in Alabama, 1821, Dr. Neal Smith, a native of North 
Carolina, son of Malcolm Smith. He and Malcolm Smith, Sr., 
were soldiers of the Revolution. Issue: (i) Julia Elizabeth S., 
born 1822, married in 1840 David White, of Virginia; (2) Sarah 
Louise S., born 1824, married John B. Savage in 1843 ^^^ ^^^^ 
issue; (3) Margaret Armistead S., born 1825, married in 1845 
Kirkland Harrison, of South Carolina, son of Reuben H., who 

242 The Armistead Family 

moved from James River, Va., and died in 1850, leaving one son 
Henry Kirkland Harrison. (3) Margaret Smith married second, 
Asa M. Lewis, of Brenham, Texas; native of Tennessee. 

4. Robert A. died a prisoner of ivar on Ship Island, 1864. 

5. Neal, born 1828, married, 1869, Miss Watkins from Vir- 
ginia, near Hampden-Sidney. 

6. Jane Armistead Smith, born 1835, married Jas. D. Bryant, 
of Wilcox County, Ala. 

7. Martha Rebecca S., born 1837, married first, Richard 
Starkey Jones, of Selma, Ala. ; died 1858, leaving two children — 
Mrs. Sallie Jones Featherstone, of Rome, Ga., and Drury Fair 

Jones, died unmarried. She married second, Rixie, by 

whom no issue. 

8. Caherine Jeanet S., born 1839, married Dr. H. G. Davis in 

9. Mary Caroline S., born 1841, married Thomas Borrughs, 
Jr. Issue: Dr. Wm. M. Borrughs, of Pine Hill, Wilcox County, 

William Henry Armistead, eldest son of John Kimball Armi- 
stead and Julia Gaines, his wife, married Mary E. Wilson in 
Carroll County, Miss., and lived in the town of Shongalo ; after- 
wards moved to Vaiden. Issue : ( i ) John Armistead, of Shrevc- 
port, La.; (2) May A.; (3) A. A. Armistead, a lawyer of Vicks- 
burg, Miss.; (4) Lula A.; (5) Willie A. 

May Armistead married G. W. Baines in Vaiden, Carroll 
County, Miss. They removed to Birmingham, Ala. Their chil- 
dren are : Rosa Baines, William Baines. May A. Baines died 

(3) A. A. Armistead married Lotta Moore in Bolivar County, 
Miss., in 1899. Issue: Mary Erminie Armistead, born 1901. 

(4) Loula Armistead married Eugene Hibbett, of Shreve- 
port. La. ; died 1901 ; no issue. 

Willie Armistead married John R. Land, a lawyer, of Shreve- 
port, La. Issue: John R. Land, Jr., and Mary Elizabeth Land. 

Anthony Armistead, son of the emigrant, had a son, 83. An- 
thony, who married Elizabeth Westwood. They had two sons, 

The Armistead Family 243 

169. Westwood Armistead, the ancestor of the editor's Hne, and 
I/O. Anthony Armistead, whose sons (204) Anthony and Wil- 
liam, settled in North Carolina. Mr. Tyler says : "Captain Wil- 
liam Armistead was, doubtless, a son of 170. Anthony, and 
brother of 204. Anthony A., 205, Robert A., 206, Westwood A., 
207 Alexander Carver A." 

Dr. Lyon Tyler's "doubtless," we are persuaded, becomes a 
certainty when we read the names of Captain William Armi- 
stead's children and grandchildren ; particularly Captain Wil- 
liam's eldest son's children and grandchildren, which line had 
not come under Dr. Lyon Tyler's observation at the time that he 
pronounced Captain William A. a son of 170. Anthony A., whose 
mother was Elizabeth Westwood. The names of both the West- 
wood and Armistead lines are given by the descendants. 

204. Anthony A. married Sarah Archer, of North Carolina. 
William A. married Rebecca Kimball, near Warrenton, North 
Carolina. Issue: Westwood, born 1791 ; John K., born 1792; 
Elizabeth Lee, born 1794; Martha, born 1796. He married sec- 
ond, Elizabeth, widow of John Morris, daughter of 

Lewis and Jane Westmoreland, of Halifax County. She had a 
son John Morris. Issue by second marriage : Robert Starkey A., 
born 1800; Jane Westmoreland A., born 1802. 

Captain William Armistead's eldest son, Westwood, married 
Elizabeth Borrughs in North Carolina. Issue : James W. A. ; 
Byron A.; William JVcstivood A., Robert S. A.; Emma A. (mar- 
ried Cunningham) ; Elizabeth A. (married her second cousin, 
John Kimball). 

William Westwood Armistead left North Carolina when quite 
a youth and settled at Coushatta, Louisiana." His plantation, 
"Cabin Point," is still in the possession of his descendants. He 
amassed a large fortune. He married Rose Tyler, a cousin of 
President Tyler, and had five children, viz.: Franklin A., Sump- 
ter A., Laura A.. Martha A., Julia A. 

After her death he married Mary White, and had by this 
union Tom, William, Anthony, John Westwood, and Kate. 

Franklin Armistead married Virginia Clarke, a descendant 

244 The Armistead Family 

of the North Carolina Battles, and had William M. Armistead, 
formerly of Alberta, now Philadelphia, and Mrs. John C. Cooke, 
of Nashville. 

We are persuaded that 205. Robert Armistead, son of 170. 
Anthony* A., who was son of 83. Anthony^ son of Anthony^ son 
of emigrant William^ is the progenitor of the line which follows 
from dates, names, tradition, and facts. Mr. Joseph Robert Armi- 
stead, of Montgomery, Ala., age seventy-two, writes, July 20, 

"I was about eight years old when my grandfather, Robert 
Armistead, died at the age of ninety-eight. He was an invalid 
fifteen years, and I delighted to hear him tell of the Revolution- 
ary War. He was a drummer boy ; I knoiv this from his own 
lips. Am not sure of the date when he moved from Virginia to 
Tennessee — think it was about 181 6. He brought with him his 
two sons — Robert and John — and a second wife. His only daugh- 
ter, Palley, never married. I went from Tennessee to Virginia 
and brought her to my father's to receive her portion of my 
father's estate, which was $5,000. She returned to Virginia — 
Sussex County. My father left three brothers in Virginia. I 
don't remember their names." 

Mr. Lyon G. Tyler says, William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 
XVn., that Captain William Armistead of the Revolution was 
"doubtless a son of 170. Anthony A., and brother of 204 Ati- 
thony, 205. Robert, 206. Westwood, 207 Alexander Carver." 
Anthony, Westwood, and Alexander Carver would answer to the 
three brothers that Robert left in Virginia, and would it not be 
natural that if William A. was a brother and in the Revolution- 
ary War, that his young brother would also be fired with patriot- 
ism and enlist, even as a drummer boy? However this may be, 
Robert Armistead, drummer boy in the Revolutionary War, went 
from Virginia to Tennessee about 1816 with two sons — Robert 
and John — and settled in Montgomery County, Tennessee. Robert 
married and settled in Montgomery County, Tennessee. John 
married and settled near Paducah, Ky. Robert had seven chil- 
dren : William Thomas, died; Joseph Robert; Henry Addison, 

The Armistead Family 245 

died ; Richard, killed in the War between the States ; John ; 
Bryant, lives in Alississippi ; Katie. 

1. Joseph Robert Armistead married Susan Darden, of Fay- 
ette, Miss., and had Thomas D., married Lunette Thompson, of 
Louisville, Ky. 

2. Robert S. Armistead married Georgie Reid, of Fort De- 
posit, Ala. 

3. Benjamin P. Armistead married Jessie Brown, of Mont- 

4. Eugene Douglas Armistead married Mary Moffet, of 
Knoxville, Tenn. 

5. Joseph D. Armistead married Gertrude Sullivan, of St. 

6. Victor D. Armistead married Louise Davout Montgomery. 

North Carolina Branch. 

Anthony Armistead, son of the emigrant William Armistead, 
had a son, 83. Anthony A., who married Elizabeth Westwood. 
Issue, among others, 170. Anthony A., who married Mary Tucker, 
daughter of Anthony Tucker and Rosea, widow of Joshua Curie. 
Issue, among others, 204. Anthony A., married Sarah Archer, of 
North Carolina. (This statement from a descendant, who says 
he frequently heard his mother say that Anthony Armistead was 
persuaded to settle in North Carolina because the parents of his 
wife Sarah Archer, were so opposed to her living away from 
them.) Mr. Tyler says. Vol. VII., p. 21, that 204. Anthony mar- 
ried Mourning . The following explains this mistake. 

Starkey Armistead (son of William A., who was the son of 204. 
Anthony) married Mary Cary Drew, daughter of John Drew 
and Mourning Brewer, his wife, so that the names of Starkey 
Armistead's grandmother and his wife's grandmother were con- 

204. Anthony Armistead and Sarah Archer had, among 
others, William A., born September 19, 1730, who married Sarah 
Jordan. The following is a copy of their family Bible, made by 
a descendant, David Wright, of Nansemond County, Va. : 

246 The Armistead Family 

"William Armistead, died Jan. 1791, married Sarah Jordan of 
North CaroHna, daughter of Isaac Jordan, son of Thomas Jordan 
of Virginia. 

"Sarah was born Dec. 13th, 1739, married March i8th, 1756, 
and "had issue; John, born Sep. 2nd, i757;Ehza, born Dec. 29th, 
1759; William, born March 5th, 1762, died May 13th, 1796; An- 
thony, born July 26th, 1764, died June 14th, 1789; Sarah, born 
July 13th, 1770, and died Dec. 1800; Robert, born Nov. 13th, 
1767; Jordan, Jan. 19th, 1775, died Dec. 27th, 1799; Mary, bora 
Sep. 29th, 1777; Starkey, born July i6th, 1780; Thomas and 
Priscilla (twins), born Nov. 1783. Thomas died Nov. 24th, 
1783. William Armistead the father of these children moved to 
Bertie County, N. C." 

Note. — Miss Anna Plummer, now of Richmond, has a beau- 
tiful old-time miniature of her grandfather, Starkey Armistead. 

John Armistead, eldest son of William A. and Sarah Jordan, 
his wife, married Sarah Cammak (nee Harriman). Issue: (Dr.) 
WilHam Anthony Armistead and Susan Jordan A. 

Dr. Wm. Anthony Armistead married Susan Capehart, of 
"Avoca," Bertie County, North Carolina, and had issue: (i) 
Ctillen, (2) Meeta, (3) Susan. Cullen and Susan died young. 
Meeta married B. Ashbourne Capehart, her cousin. Issue: (i) 
Cullen, (2) Meeta Armistead, (3) Ashbourne (physician in 
Washington, D. C), (4) Armistead, planter at "Ashbourne," 
Vance County, N. C, and (5) Poindexter. Cullen died in in- 
fancy. Meeta Armistead married, February 10, 1891, at Christ 
Church, Raleigh, N. C, Thomas Littlejohn Feild, of London, 
England, where they now reside. Issue, two sons, Armistead 
Littlejohn F. and Robert Durant F. 

The Feild family is an ancient and honorable one, first of Eng- 
land, later of America. Theophilus Feild was Bishop of the 
English Church in the seventeenth century. Edward Feild, an- 
other prelate, was Bishop of Newfoundland from 1844 to 1876, 
where he did a glorious work. The founder of the Virginia Feild 
was Theophilus F., who settled in old Bristol parish early in the 

The Armistead Family 247 

eighteenth century, and was one of the founders of Blandford 
Church, near Petersburg, Va. He is buried under the chancel. 
The hne of Thomas Littlejohn Feild runs thus: Theophilus 
Feild married Susan Theawtt. Issue, among others, Robert F., 
who married Nancy Meade, aunt of Richard Kidder M. Issue, 
among others, George Feild, who married Elizabeth Boiling Stith: 
Issue, among others, George F., who married first, Sarah Jones ; 
married second, Frances Blunt Littlejohn, both of Warren Co., 
N. C. Issue : Thomas Littlejohn Feild, married Meeta Armistead 

The following notice of this marriage is taken from one of the 
magazines of that period : 

Mrs. Thomas L. Feild. 

"Mrs. Meeta Armistead Capehart Feild, whose portrait is 
given on this page, ranks as one of the most noted belles and 
beauties of North Carolina. She is the only daughter of Mr. B. 
A. Capehart, a large planter and prominent citizen of the State, 
residing at Kittrell, and a gentleman whose home is famed for 
the refined and elegant hospitality so characteristic of the Soutii. 
Endowed with wondrous charm of person and manner, Mrs. 
Feild has held her own in the most exclusive society circles of 
the South. She is petite, with delicately carved features, abso- 
lutely perfect in contour, dark eyes heavily fringed, a complexion 
of creamy fairness, and wavy auburn hair. 

"Mrs. Feild is a bride of a few months, her husband being 
Mr. Thomas Littlejohn Feild, a native Carolinian, who has been 
for several years a resident of London, where he has large busi- 
ness interest. The wedding was a brilliant afifair of State-wide 
importance, attended by Governor Fowle and a great company of 
distinguished people. The Rt. Rev. Dr. Wingfield, Bishop of 
Northern California, assisted at the ceremony. The American 
colony in London will be enriched by the acquisition of this fair 
daugfhter of the South." 

248 The Armistead Family 

Susan Jordan Armistead daughter of John Armistead and 
Sarah Cammak (iice Harriman) was born April 23, 1812; died 
October 17, 1884; educated at Moravian School, Salem, N. C. 
She married, at eighteen years of age, Augustus Moore (son 
of Charles Moore, a member of the Continental Congress at 
Halifax, N. C), who was one of the leading lawyers of North 
Carolina. At an early age was appointed Judge of the Supreme 
Court. When quite young she was left a widow, and devoted 
her life to rearing and educating her children. Her eldest son, 
William Armistead Moore, suffering from his eyes and unable 
to read, she gave him his legal education orally and fitted him 
for the first honors of his law class. He arose to the judicial 
bench of his native State, as did also her second son, Augustus 
Minton Moore ; and John Armistead, her third son, was also an 
eminent lawyer in North Carolina. Alfred Moore, her fourth 
son, was one of the first men in his community. 

"Susan Jordan Armistead, a noted woman of her day, was 
unusually gifted. Her kindness of 'heart and nobility of nature 
were such that her children almbst worshipped her." 

"Susan Augustus Moore, daughter of Judge Augustus Moore 
and Susan Jordan Armistead, married her cousin, Starkey Armi- 
stead Wright Righton, November 18, 1856. He was a young 
man of wealth, fine character, and handsome. Issue: (i) Susan 
Armistead Moore, born June 2, 1862; died November 27, 1866. 
(2) Mary Elizabeth Moore, born November 29, 1870; married, 
October 11, 1892, Patrick Matt^hew, born October 25, 1853, at 
Gourdie Hill, Perth, Scotland. No issue." 

Starkey Armistead Wright Righton was born January 5, 
1829, in Chowan County, North Carolina. Joined the Confed- 
erate service at the first of the war; was taken prisoner when ill 
at home — paralyzed. While in prison and in a pitiable condition, 
he was offered freedom if he would not go back to the Confed- 
erate service. This he would not promise. 

February 8, 1887, broken in health and spirit, and bereft of 
m'eans, he died at the Confederate Soldiers' Home in Richmond, 
Va., and is buried in Hollywood. 

The Armistead Family 249 

Mary Armistead, daughter of William Armistead and Sarah 
Jordan, both of Bertie County,' N. C, married, June 27, 1795 
David Wright, of Nansemond County, Va. (born November 10, 
1775; died 7th December, 181 3,) son of Nathaniel Wright and 
Martha, his wife. David Wright married his second wife, Mary 
Armistead, before he was nineteen. Issue : 

(i) Nathaniel D. Wright, born December 8, 1797. 

(2) William Armistead Wright, born October 26, 1799. 

(3) Jordan Armistead Wright, born November, 1802. 

(4) John A. Wright, born January 8, 1804. 

(5) Sarah Jordan Wright, born February 19, 1807; married 
William Righton, March 6, 1827; married second, Peter Hinton. 
Issue: Sarah Hinton, who married Col. Dennis, of Texas. She 
only lived a year after this marriage. Was a woman of unusual 

(6) David Minton W' right, born April 21, 1809. Dr. David 
Minton Wright (1809-1863) married, April 21, 1833, Penelope 
Margaret Creecy, daughter of Joshua Skinner Creecy and Mary 
Benbury, of "Benbury Hall," near Edenton, N. C. The said 
Mary Benbury was the daughter of Richard B. and Penelope 
Creecy, his wife. Richard Benbury was the son of Thomas Ben- 
bury and Thamer Howcutt, his wife. For the Revolutionary 
and State record of Thomas Benbury see Clarke's Colonial 
Records of North Carolina, Vol. IX., 10, 11, and Wheeler's His- 
tory of North Carolina. Joshua Creecy was the son of Lemuel 
Creecy and Penelope Skinner, his wife. 

Note. — The Weddells have lovely miniatures of David Min- 
ton Wright and his beautiful wife, Penelope Creecy, painted for 
each other when he was a medical student in Philadelphia and 
she was seventeen. They have also a miniature of Mary Armi- 
stead, their great-grandmother. 

Issue of above marriage (David Minton Wright and Pene- 
lope Creecy) is as follows: 

(i) David Minton Wright, born May i, 1838; died Septem- 
ber 28, 1840. 

250 The AkMiSTEAD Family 

(2) Penelope Margaret Wright, born February 29, 1840. 

(3) Minton Augustus Wright, born December 25, 1841, in 
Edenton, N. C. Entered Confederate service as ordnance ser- 
geant, Norfolk Light Artillery Blues. Captured at Roanoke 
Island and exchanged. Lieutenant Fifty-seventh North Carolina 
Regiment and acting adjutant. Killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 
2, 1863, while leading the charge. He was not quite twenty-one 
years old. 

(4) Elizabeth Minton Wright, born May 12, 1844 (second 
of name), married William Henry Talbot, of Norfolk. Lssue: 
Diana, Thomas, Minton Wright, Elizabeth Wright, Mary Chap- 
man (who married E. Lorraine Ruffin, of Richmond, Va. ; issue, 
Thomas Talbot) and Margaret (died). 

(5) Mary Creecy Armistead Wright, born January 21, 1846; 

died, , 1902. Married Rev. Frederick A. Fetter. Issue: 

Nellie Cox, married Dr. Luther Sapp ; Mary Augusta, married 
Oscar Sapp ; Frederick Augustus, married Claude Johnson ; 
Minnie, married James Webb ; Alexander W. Fetter, married 
Ruth Anderson ; Jessie Fetter, married Dr. Ernest De Borde- 
nave, of Franklin, Va. ; and Elizabeth Wright, married William 

(6) Joshua Creecy Armistead Wright, born June 5, 1848. 
Was a midshipman in the Confederate Navy on the Patrick 
Henry. Died December 5, 1899. 

(7) Sallie J. Armistead Wright, born December 9, 1850; 
married Thomas Davis Warren. Issue: Thomas Wright, Ernest 
Weddell, married Ruth Worth ; Sally Wright, William Plummer, 
Eugene, David Minton, Joseph (died in childhood), and Pene- 
lope Creecy. 

(8) William Armistead Wright, born March 17, 1853; mar- 
ried Sarah S. Coke. Issue : Coke, Sadie, and William Armistead. 

(9) Viola Jessica Wright, born March 5, 1856; married 
Henry De Berniere Hooper. Issue : Penelope De Berniere, May 
De Berniere, Virginia Wright, Mary T., Joseph (all five died in 
childhood), Henry De Berniere, Jr., and Louise Maclaine. 

The above Henry De Berniere Hooper, of North Carolina 

The Armistead Family 251 

(who married V. Jessica \\>ight), was the son of J. De Berniere 
Hooper and Alary E. Hooper (daughter of Rev. Wilhani Hooper 
and Fanny P. Jones), and great-grandson of WilHam Hooper, 
signer of the Declaration of Independence, a man whom John 
Adams mentions as the peer in oratory of Richard Henry Lee 
and Patrick Henry. 

Note. — Mrs. Viola Jessica Hooper has a miniature by Sully 
of her grandfather, Joshua Skinner Creecy, who was the grand- 
son of Thomas Benbury and of William Skinner. For colonial 
record of the latter sec Clarke's Colonial Records of North 
Carolina, Vol. H-XH, XHI. 

(2) Penelope (Pencie) Margaret Wright, daughter of David 
Minton Wright and Penelope Creecy, his wife, born February 
29, 1840, married Rev. Alexander Watson Weddell, D. D., at 
"Ashbourne Hall," Granville County, North Carolina, January 
31, 1866. He was rector of old St. John's Church, Richmond, 
Va. Both are buried there, near the entrance. She died Jan- 
uary 9, 1901. In the editorial section of the N civs-Leader of 
that date is the following: 

"The death of Mrs. Penelope Wright Weddell renews in the 
beyond a unity as beautiful as has ever existed between man and 
woman in this world. She and her husband, the late rector of 
St. John's Church, left an impress on this community which will 
never be lost or forgotten. They represented the highest quali- 
ties of manhood and womanhood, and together made the ideal 
combination of them. He was a big, strong, aggressive, lion- 
like man, a tremendous power for the Master he served, and she 
was his fitting helpmeet, giving his life the love and 'tenderness 
and gentle guidance it needed. She made her influence felt 
strongly and almost imperceptibly in the wide circle of her 
friendship, always for the sweetest and best and most womanly 
way. When her faithful heart ceased to beat her soul went 
where its affection and hope had long been fixed." 

The Rev. Alexander Weddell was the son of James Weddell 
(of Musselboro, Scotland, later of Petersburg, Va.,) and Mar- 
garet Ward, his wife, of Tarboro, N. C. Issue, three sons — 

252 The Armistead Family 

John, Virginius, Alexander — who were in the active service of 
the Confederate army. John and Virginius were killed. After 
the war Alexander took the law course at the University of Vir- 
ginia; later felt called to the ministry. A few years after taking 
Orders, the degree of D. D. was conferred on him by William 
and Mary College. 

The children of Alexander Weddell and Pencie Wright: 
(i) James Wright (died in infancy). (2) Margaret Ward. 
(3) Penelope Margaret, married « St. George Mason Anderson, 
son of Col. Archer Anderson, of Richmond, Va. ; issue : Pene- 
lope Weddell Anderson, Mary Mason Anderson, and Margaret 
Ward Anderson. (4) William Sparrow. (5) Alexander Wel- 
bourne; and (6) Elizabeth Wright. 

(5) Alexander Welbourne Weddell was appointed February, 
1910, Consul at Zanzibar by President Taft. Prior to his ap- 
pointment to this consular position, Mr. Weddell served as sec- 
retary to Dr. Maurice E. Egan, American minister to Denmark. 

Note. — David Minton Wrigiht was born in Nansemond 
County Va., in 1809; educated at Captain Patrick's Military 
Academy in Middletown, Conn. ; studied medicine under Dr. 
William Warren, of Edenton, N. C, and graduated at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. Removed to Norfolk, where he at- 
tended the yellow fever sufferers in 1855, and practised his pro- 
fession with zeal and success till the war. After the surrender 
of Norfolk to the Federal authorities in 1862, Dr. Wright be- 
came involved in a difficulty with a Federal, Lieutenant San- 
born, which resulted in one of the most heart-rending tragedies 
of that season of Virginia's martyrdom. 

We add the following, clipped from the Times-Dispatch 
Genealogical Column : 

"The following generations are proved : William Wright, 
burgess, born 1668, had at least two sons, William- and Stephen'. 
William^, born about 1690, died in 1750, married Penelope Man- 
ley (Vol. II., page 2, Virginia Historical Magazine) ; Stephen' 
married Mrs. Mary Thorogood {nee Trevethan), January 28, 

The Armistead Family 253 

"From William^ son of William^ comes Dr. Christopher 
Wright, grandfather of Dr. David Minton Wright, who stands 
out on the pages of our sacred Confederate history as a martyr 
and a saint. The mention of his name arouses all the fierce in- 
dignation of a past age. His death was 'one of the most tragic, 
thrilling and pathetic episodes of Virginia history,' 

"Dr. Wright, after graduating at the University of Penn- 
sylvania, became the leading physician and the 'most beloved 
citizen of Norfolk.' He was a Union man and did all in his 
power to prevent the war. Like many another Virginian, when 
the die was cast all of his energy went for the South. The 
story of his valor and his tragic suffering was printed in a Rich- 
mond newspaper many years ago, but it stands so distinctly alone 
in our records and has such a vital interest, that we deem it ex- 
pedient to print it again : 

" 'The federal troops occupied Norfolk May 10, 1862, Dr. 
Wright, recognized as a non-combatant and citizen, and pursu- 
ing his usual occupations, was undisturbed and peaceful until 
July II, 1863. On that day, while he was walking in the after- 
noon on the sidewalk of Main Street, having just come from the 
celebration of his wife's birthday at his home, at a point oppo- 
site No. 156, then occupied by Foster & Moore, he met a column 
of negro troops occupymg the entire walk, and as they moved 
jostling men, women and children into the gutter. 

A Fatal Exclamation. 

" 'Dr. Wright stepped aside, and as he did so, in the heat of 
his indignation, he uttered some sharp exclamation of contempt 
and disgust. A white lieutenant, A. L. Sanborn, heard this and 
advanced on Dr. Wright with sword drawn and threatening. 
Dr. Wright carried no weapon, having always contended, in his 
own words, that "no man should ever go prepared to take the 
life of another." A friend standing close to him and seeing his 
danger hastily passed a pistol into his hand. 

" 'Holding the weapon behind him, but facing his foe and 
sturdily holding his place. Dr. Wright called, "Stand oiY!" 

254 The Armistead Family 

" 'Sanborn continued to advance, and Dr. Wright, according 
to the evidence of eye witnesses, fired one shot, strilcing the offi- 
cer in the left hand. 

" 'Sanborn called on his negro troops to assist him in making 
the arrest, and there was a short, hot altercation. The feeling 
against negroes in United States uniform was then intensely 
bitter, especially among the older men who had been brought up 
to honor the army and the flag it represented. 

Mortally Wounded. 

" 'It is said that several shots were fired, and it has never 
'been known whether the fatal wound was inflicted by Dr. Wright 
or some one in the group of citizens around him. Lieutenant 
Sanborn was struck in the body and clinched with Dr. Wright, 
who held the pistol to his antagonist's breast a moment and then 
turned it away without firing again. The negroes rushed in with 
fixed bayonets, but were turned aside and the officer relaxed his 
hold, tottered into the store of Foster & Moore and fell dead. 

" 'Dr. Wright was immediately arrested, and in a short time 
was tried before a military commiission. It was at this time, 
while he was in jail and manalaced, that the City Council of Ports- 
mouth adopted resolutions denouncing "the brutal murder of a 
Union officer by a ;rabid Secessionist," and calling on "the mili- 
tary authorities to bring to speedy and condign punishment the 
author of this foul crime and treasonable act to his country and 
his God." In these same resolutions the military forces are ex- 
horted "to remove from our midsts the foul-mouthed traitors 
who infest the street corners and m'arket places of our city, plot- 
ting treason and even contemplating such deeds of bloodshed as 
we are now called to reflect on." 

" 'These are the resolutions adopted July 13, 1863, which have 
been formally and forever expunged from the record by resolu- 
tion of the City Council of Portsmouth, May 8, 1901. 

The Armistead Family 255 

Speedily Condemned. 

" 'The prisoner was given no chance for his Hfe. Eight days 
in succession he was led to the place of trial with chains on wrists 
and ankles. The people of Norfolk who remained in the city 
showed all the sympathy they dared. They used to stand in 
groups and silently lift their hats as he hobbled in and out, and 
he returned the salutation as well as he could with his fettered 
hands. He knew his fate and wrote his wife: "I suppose the 
verdict will be the same as that of the provost marshal, made be- 
fore he had examined the first witness." 

" 'The prediction was verified, and the sentence of death was 
quickly given. 

A Daughter's Vain Heroism. 

" 'Between the time of sentence and execution, Miss Pene- 
lope Wright, the youthful daughter of the condemned man, and 
afterwards Mrs. Weddell, of this city, was the heroine of an 
attempt at rescue which was nearly successful, and of which very 
few of even her most intimate friends were ever told. She went 
to visit him. in his cell, and in its semi-darkness, although a de- 
tective was watching at the door, succeeded in deftly throwing 
over her father some of her own garments and slipping on his 
boots, which she thrust below the blankets as she put herself in 
the cot. Dr. Wright walked out in his disguise, and had actually 
gone fifty yards from the outer door of his prison and was ap- 
proaching a carriage which was waiting for him, when a sentry 
called attention to the unusual height of the departing figure for 
a woman. Pursuit and recapture were prompt. Dr. Wright ac- 
cepted his failure with his usual coolness and philosophy. Trv 
daughter was not detained or molested. 

" 'The most powerful influence available were brought to 
bear. Mrs. Wright, who was Miss Penelope Creecy, of North 
Carolina, exhausted every efifort and appeal. The Confederate 
authorities protested in vain that Norfolk had been put under 
civil authority by the Federal troops themselves ; that Dr. Wright 
had fired onlv after his own life was in imminent danger, and 

256 The Armistead Family 

certainly without premeditation, and that he was entitled to civil 
trial. Beast Butler was in command, and was not then known 
to his superiors as he subsequently came to be. President Lin- 
coln granted a reprieve for a week, but at the end of that time, 
on October 23, 1863, Dr. Wright was executed while all the re- 
spectability of Norfolk groaned in despair and anguish and 

A Brave Man's Death. 

" 'He was carried to his death between long columns of 
troops, and the wails of the people who filled the windows of the 
houses along the route to call their last good-byes and express 
their unavailing sympathy. None but the troops, negroes and 
the lowest riff-raff of the white population attended the execu- 
tion as spectators, according to the accounts printed at the time. 
Dr. Wright and had taken his last Communion and bidden farewell 
to his family and friends with the dignity and serenity becoming 
a dauntless gentleman, and was attended to the scaffold by three 
clergymen of the Episcopal Church, of which he was a member 
He gave the signal for the drop with an unfaltering voice.' " 

(7) Nathaniel Minton Wright (son of Mary Armistead and 
David Wright), born December 8, 1797, married Huldah God- 
win Wilkinson, daughter of John Henry and Martha Wilkin- 
son. Issue: Jordan Armistead Wright,/born October i, 1825; 
Mary Turner Wright, born August 3, 1827, and Minton David 
Wright, born August , 1829. 

(5) Sarah Jordan Wrig*ht (daughter of Mary Armistead and 
David Wright, her husband) married William Righton. Issue: 
Starkey Armistead R., born January 5, 1829; Mary Elizabeth 
R., born September 25, 1832; Jordan Armistead Wright R., born 
December 16, 1834. 

(3) Jordan Armistead Wright married Harriet E. Pugh, 
July 16, 1832. Their daughter, Virginia Wright, married Dr. 
Gahnall. Issue : Felicia Gahnall. 

The Weddells of Richmond have an exquisite miniature of 
their grandfather's brother, (3) Jordan Armistead Wright, set 

The Armistead Family 257 

in carved gold frame pendant, with an inset for hair on the gold 
back. Lafayette pronounced him the handsomest man that he 
had met in America. 

The following, down to Starkey Armistead, is copied from 
records that Mr. Thomas Stuart Armistead, of Plymouth, N. C, 
collected : 

North Carolina Branch. 

Richard A. married Elizabeth Smith, of New Berne, N. C. ; 
was educated at Wilmington, N. C, 1804. Issue: daughter, 

married Winthrop; daughter, married Croom, of New 


Robert, son of William A. and Sarah, his wife, married Mary 
Stuart, of "Daly's Hill," Roanoke River, N. C, in Martin 
County. Issue: (i) John, died unmarried (drowned at sea 
whilst en route to West Indies to recover health). At the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina he took first distinction alone in all 
his studies, and left during the vacation between his third and 
fourth year. Sailed and lost off Hatteras about 1820. The fam- 
ily has a letter from the President of the University saying he 
was one of the most brilliant scholars ever matriculated at that 

Priscilla, daughter of William Armistead and Sarah Jordan, 
his wife, born Novemlber, 1783, married Joel Thorp, of New 
Haven, Conn. They lived in Edenton, N. C. Issue: Sarah Jor- 
dan Thorp, only daughter, who lived to be more than twenty-one. 
She married John Martin Saunders, a Methodist minister. Is- 
sue : Sarah Thorp Saunders, married Mr. Key, and Priscilla 
Armistead Saunders. Priscilla Armistead Saunders married 
Edmund Nicholas Allen, now Professor of English Language 
and Literature in University of Missouri. 

Dr. Robert A., son of Robert A. and Mary Stuart, married 
the widow of General P. O. Picot, of France {nee Blount). Is- 
sue: Thomas Stuart Armistead, married first, Mary De Berniere 
Jones, of Chapel Hill, January 14, 1868. She died August 24, 
1868. Second, Mary, daughter of Dr. S. E. Bratton, of Char- 

258 The Armistead Family 

lotte, N. C. ; no issue. Thomas Stuart, died in 1871 unmarried, 
Anthony, married Miss Ely, of Florida, and died d. s. p. 

William, son of William Armistead and Sarah Jordan, mar- 
ried Penelope Stuart, of Daly's Hill. Issue : William J., who 
married Mary Baker, daughter of Dr. Simmons J. Baker, of 
"Scotland Neck," Halifax County, N. C. Served in the North 
Carolina Legislature and moved to Florida. Issue of William 
J.^ and (Baker) Armistead: (i) Robert^ captain C. S. A.; (2) 
Anthony^, captain of battery, killed at Sharpsburg, Md. ; (3) 
Thomas Stuart'', lieutenant Eighth Florida Regiment, C. S. A. ; 
(4) William''; (5) Mary'', married a physician of Tallahassee; 
(6) Anne'', married Dr. Baltzell, of Florida; (7) Sarah'', un- 

Elizabeth^, married Dr. William T. Turner, of Windsor, N. 
C, and left issue. 

Dr. Robert Armistead^, died August 3, 1857. 

Dr. William Anthony Armistead*' died in 1856 in Virginia. 
He was born in Plymouth, N. C, October 11, 1808. His sister, 
Susan Jordan*', daughter of John Armistead^, married Judge Au- 
gustus Moore, of Edenton, N. C, and had issue: (i) Judge Wil- 
liam Armistead Moore and others. 

Starkey Armistead, born 1785, died 1835 {^on of William 
A. and Sarah Jordan, his wife,), married Mary Cary Drew, c£ 
North Carolina. Issue: (i) Dolphin A., died young. (2) Eliza 
A., married William Plummer, of Warrenton, N. C. Williarxi 
Plummer was a lawyer, the son of Kemp Plummer (also a law- 
yer) and Susannah Martin, and grandson of William Plummer, 
of Gloucester County, Va. (3) Mary Cary Armistead, marri^.'d 
William T. Sutton, of Bertie County, N. C. (4) Starkey A., 
died unmarried. 

Children of William Plummer and Eliza Armistead, his wife : 
(i) Mary Cary P., married, 1850, Jos. B. Batohelor, North 
Carolina; (2) Susan P., married, 1861, Rev. Cameron F. McRaf, 
North Carolina; (3) Harriet P., married, 1853, Dr. Frank W. 
Tatem, Virginia; (4) Stark Armistead P., married, 1855, Cor- 
nelia Peterson, Virginia; (5) Edward Hall P., married, 1862, 

The Armistead Family 259 

Sally D. Fitts, of Virginia; (6) Virginia P., died in childhood; 
(7) William Turner P., married, 1861, Rebecca Purnell, Norch 
Carolina; (8) Walter George P., married, 1871, Nannie Caw- 
thorn, North Carolina; (9) Eliza Armistead P., unmarried; (10) 
Anna Sutton P., unmarried. Edward, William and Walter Plum- 
mer served in C. S. Army. 

Children of William T. Sutton and Mary Cary Armistead, his 
wife: (i) Stark Armistead S., married Henrietta Moore, North 
Carolina; (2) William Thomas S., married Annie Outlaw, Nortn 
Carolina; (3) John Mebane S., died unmarried; (4) Plummer 
S., died unmarried. Stark A., William T., and John M. Sutton 
served in C. S. Army. 

Stark A. Sutton was killed at the battle of Ohancellorsville. 
He left a son, William T.^, who married Miss Delia Shultz, and 
died in Norfolk, Va. 

William T. Sutton^ was surgeon in the C. S. Army. After 
the war he practiced medicine in North Carolina, and then moved 
to Norfolk, Va., and died there many years later. 

Children of William T. Sutton and Annie Outlaw, his wife : 
(i) Emily Turner S., married Alan Cameron, of North Caro- 
lina; (2) Stark Armistead S., married Lucile Hudgins, of Vir- 
ginia; (3) Mary Armistead S., married William White, of Vir- 
ginia; (4) Annie Peyton S., unmarried. 

Children of Jos. B. Batchelor and Mary Cary Plummer, his 
wife: (i) Wm. Plummer B., married David Ella Chinault, of 
Kentucky; (2) James Watts B., died in infancy; (3) John 
Branch B., died in childhood; (4) Edward Armistead B., died 
unmarried; (5) Joseph Branch B., married Mary Gouge, of New 
York; (6) Henry Plummer B., died in infancy; (7) Eliza Armi- 
stead B., married Harry Loeb, of North Carolina; (8) Walter 
Bradford B., died in infancy; (9) Junius Lewis B.. died in in- 
fancy; (10) Stark Sutton B., married Lula Purnell, of North 
Carolina; (11) Kemp Battle B., married Ferbe Dewey, of North 
Carolina; (12) Susan Branch B., died in infancy; (13) Francis 
Howard B., died unmarried. 

Children of Walter G. Plummer and Nannie Cawthorne, his 

26o The Armistead Family 

wife: (i) Susan P., unmarried; (2) Walter George P., mar- 
ried Emily Blanton, of Mississippi; (3) Mary Kenan P., unmar- 
ried; (4) Robert Spencer P., mar^ried Cornelia Davis, of North 
Carolina; (5) Edward Hall P., married Agnes Messine; (6) 
Lurana Blount P., urimarried ; (7) Eliza Armistead P., married 
Frank L. Schofield, of Virginia; (8) Cary Josephine P., married 
B. D. McDaniel, of North Carolina; (9) Harry Cawthorne P., 

Children of Rev. Cameron F. McRae and Susan Plummer, 
his wife: (i) William Plummer McRae, died unmarried; law- 
yer. (2) Julia Theodosia McRae, married, 1899, Algernon S. 
Hurt, of Virginia; (3) Edward Winslow McRae; (4) Cameron 
Farquhar McRae, married, 1908, Sarah Woodward, of New Jer- 

Children of Frank W. Tatem and Harriet Plummer: (i) 
Mary Nash T., married John M. Berkeley, of Virginia; (2) Eliza 
Armistead T., died unmarried; (3) Frank Warren T., unmar- 

John M. and Mary Nash Berkeley had three children who 
died in infancy. 

Children of Stark Armistead Plummer and Cornelia Peter- 
son, his wife: (i) Mary Eliza P., married Sydney M. Green; 
(2) William P., married Virginia Edwards, of New Jersey; (3) 
Susan P., married Stephen Urquhart, of Virginia; (4) John 
Peterson P., married Nannie Strachan, of Virginia; (5) Anna 
Thweatt P., unmarried; (6) Edward Hall P., married Anita 
Green, of North Carolina; (7) Louisa Haskins P., married Kirk 
Seabury, of Virginia; (8) Georgie Campbell P., married Levin 
Smith, of Virginia; (9) Powhatan Stark P., married Clara War- 
riner, of Virginia; (10) Stark Armistead P., married Eliza Bond, 
of Virginia; (11) Kemp P., died in infancy; (12) Bessie P., died 
in infancy; (13) Herbert P., unmarried; (14) Frank Turner P., 
married Elizabeth Warwick, of Virginia; (15) Julia McRae P., 
married Neville Henshaw, Louisiana. 

Children of Edward H. Plummer and Sally D. Fitts, his wife : 
(i) Lucy Davis P., died in infancy; (2) Lucy Murrell P., died 

The Armistead Family 2S1 

unmarried; (3) James Fitts P., married Fanny Minor, of Viv- 
ginia; (4) William Turner P., married Tommie Roan, of Ten- 
nessee; (5) Ethel P., unmarried; (6) Charles* Evans P., mar- 
ried Margaret Creel, of Kentucky. 

Children of William T. Plummer and Rebecca Purnell, his 
wife: (i) Ida Campbell P., married J. D. Purcell, of Virginia; 

(2) Mary Elizabeth P., married R. D. Mcllwaine, of Virginia; 

(3) Walter P., died in infancy; (4) Cornelia Armistead P., un- 
married; (5) Eliza P., unmarried; (6) John Fenner P., unmar- 
ried; (7) Willie Rebecca P., unmarried. 

Children of Alan Cameron and Emily Turner Sutton, his 
wife: (i) William C. ; (2) Annie Sutton C. 

Children of Stark A. Sutton and Lucile Hudgins : ( i ) Stark 
Armistead S.. 

Stark A. Sutton, Sr., is a physician, and lives in Norfolk, Va. 

Qiildren of William White and Mary Armistead Sutton, his 
wife: (i) William W. 

Children of James Fitts Plummer and Fanny Minor: (i) 
James Minor P.; (2) Charles Cazenove P.; (3) Edward Armi- 
stead P.; (4) William Gardner P.; (5) Cameron McRae P. 

William Turner Plummer and Tommie Roan, his wife, had 
one child, who died in infancy. 

Children of J. D. Purcell and Ida Campbell Plummer, his 
wife: (i) Pauline Purcell; (2) Wm. Plummer Purcell; (3) 
Mary Mcllwaine Purcell. 

Children of Robert D. Mcllwaine and Mary E. Plummer, his 
wife: (i) Mary Plummer McI. ; (2) William Baird McI. ; (3) 
Rebecca McI. ; (4) Lucy Atkinson Pryor McI. 

Robert D. Mcllwaine was a physician, and died in Peters- 
burg, Va., which had always been his home. 

Children of Sydney M. Green and Mary Eliza Plummer, his 
wife: (i) Sydney G. ; (2) Cornelia Armistead G. ; (3) Mary 
G. ; (4) George G., died in childhood. 

Child of John Peterson Plumimer and Nannie Strachan, his 
wife : ( I ) Richard Armistead Plummer. 

Children of Kirk' Seabury and Louisa Haskins Plummer, hi? 
wife: (i) Kirk S. ; (2) Cornelia Armistead S. 

262 The Armistead Family 

Children of Levin J. Smith and Georgie Campbell Plummer, 
his wife: (i) Bessie S. ; (2) Cary S. ; (3) Levin J. S. 

Children of Neville Henshaw and Julia McRae Plummer, 
his wife: (i) John Marsh H. ; (2) Herbert Plummer H. 

William Plummer^ (son of S. Armistead Plummer and Cor- 
nelia Peterson, his wife,) and his wife had three children who 
died in infancy. 

Children of Stephen Urquhart and Susan Plummer, his wife: 
(i) Norfleet U. ; (2) Armistead Plummer U. 

Children of William P. Batchelor and David Ella Chinault: 
(i) David B. ; (2) Joseph Branch B. ; (3) William Plummer 
B.; (4) Anne B. ; (5) Mary Shelton B. ; (6) Martha B. 

Children of Joseph B. Batchelor and Mary Gouge, his wife : 
(i) Edward Armistead B. ; (2) W^inifred B. ; (3) Dorothy B. 
This Joseph B. Batchelor was captain in the U. S. Army, and 
died in the Philippines. 

Child of Stark Sutton Batchelor and Lula Purnell, his wife: 
(i) Carey Plummer B. 

Children of Kemp B. Batchelor and Ferebe Dewey, his wife: 
(i) Elizabeth B. ; (2) Kemp B. ; (3) Mary Cary B. Kemp B. 
Batchelor, Sr., was a physician ; lived in Baltimore, and died 

Children of Algernon S. Hurt and Julia McRae, his wife: 
(i) Algernon S. H., born 1900; (2) Susan Plummer H., born 

Children of Cameron F. McRae and Sarah Woodward, his 
wife: (i) Elizabeth Woodward McRae; (2) Cameron Farquhar 
McRae. This Cameron F. McRae is also a clergyman in the 
Episcopal Church, and a missionary to China. 

Children of Walter G. Plummer and Emily Blanton, his wife : 
(i) Emily P.: (2) son, who died in infancy. This Walter Plum- 
mer lives in Jackson, Miss. (1910). 

Child of Frank L. Schofield and Eliza A. Plummer, his wife: 
(i) Frances Armistead Schofield. 

Among the names of the vestry of Kingston Parish, Glouces- 
ter County, 1677. is Kemp Plummer. 

The Arm I stead Family 203 

\\'illiam and Kemp Plummer owned a great many servants, 
as is recorded in the Kingston Parish Register, Gloucester 

Cary — Armistead — Selden. 

William Cary, Lord Mayor of Bristol, England, who died 
1632, had a son John who married Alice, daughter of Henry 
Hobson, alderman of Bristol, England. They had seven chil- 
dren — Thomas, Anne, Henry, Bridget, Elizabeth, Miles, William. 
Aliles came to Virginia in 1640. Settled in Warwick County, 
which, in 1659, ^^ represented in the House of Burgesses. He 
married Elizabeth Taylor, and died in 1667, leaving four sons — 
Thomas, Henry, Miles and William. Thomas C. married Ann 
Milner. Henry of "The Forest" married a daughter of Richard 
Randolph of "Curies." His five daughters married, respectivel}^ 
Thomas Mann Randolph of Tuckahoe, Thomas Isham Randolph 
of Dungeness, Archibald Boiling, Carter Page of Cumberland, 
and Joseph Kincade. Archibald Cary "Old Iron" of Revolu- 
tionary fame was a son ; also Miles "The Elder." 

Henry of "The Forest" was appointed to superintend the 
building of the Capitol at Williamsburg; also, at a later period, 
the rebuilding of William and Mary College, which had been 

Miles "The Elder," of "Pear Tree Hall," married Hannah 
Armistead, daughter of 82. William Armistead, son of Anthony 
A., who was the son of W^illiam A. the emigrant. 

Issue of Miles C* and Hannah A. : ( i ) Miles C, of South- 
ampton County, married Elizabeth Taylor 1752; (2) Richard 
C, of Warwick, married Mary Cole; (3) Col. John C, of Eliza- 
beth City County, .officer in Revolutionary War, married first, 
Sallie Sclater about 1766, and had Miles C. ; he married second, 
Susanna, daughter of Gill Armistead; issue: (i) Miles C, born 
1767, who married a Mallory. 

2. John C, of Hampton, born 1770, died 1822, married Anne 
Sweeny, niece of Chancellor Wythe. 

264 The Armistead Family 

3. Colonel Gill Armistead Gary, of Hampton, born 1783, mar- 
ried Sarah Eliza Smith Baytop, of Gloucester. 

4. Robert Gary, unmarried. 

5. Hannah Armistead Gary married Horatio Whiting. 

6. Judith Robinson C, married Henry Howard. 

7. Susan Gary, unmarried, born 1791, died 1873, and Betsy 
Gary, unmarried. 

Issue of Gol. Gill Armistead Gary and Sallie Baytop: (i) 
John Baytop Gary; (2) (Dr.) Nathaniel Robert Gary; (3) Rich- 
ard Miles Gary; (4) Gill Armistead Gary. 

I. Gol. John Baytop Gary, of Hampton, married Golumbi.i 
Hudgins, of Mathews Gounty, 1844. Issue: Gilliena Armistead 
Gary ; John Baytop Gary, Jr., died young ; Elizabeth Earle Gary ; 
Effie May Gary; Sallie Gampbell Gary, Thomas Archibald Gary. 

Gilliena Armistead Gary, unmarried. 

Elizabeth Earle Gary married William Travers Daniel. Both 
husband and child died two years after marriage. 

Effie May Gary married John Lewis White, of "The Old 
Mansion," Bowling Green, Garoline Gounty. Issue : John Gary 
White and Anne Maury White. 

Gammie Gary (Sallie Gampbell) married Louis P. Knowles, 
of Pensacola, Fla. 

Thomas Archibald Gary married Maria Barry Abert, of Go- 
lumbia, Miss. Issue : John Barry Gary, Patty Abert Gary, Sallie 
Gampbell Gary, George Abert Gary, Thomas Archibald Gary. 

John Baytop Gary was colonel of the Thirty-second Virginia 
Regiment, G. S. A. After the war he settled in Richmond, whe:e 
he was prominent in the business, literary, social and religious 
interest of the city. He died in 1898. Shortly afterwards there 
was endowed and established in the University of Virginia "The 
Jobn B. Gary Bible Ghair" as a memorial to him: 

Dr. Nathaniel Robert Gary, son of Gol. Gill Armistead Garv 
and Sallie Baytop, his wife, married Sue Fisher, of Eastern 
Shore, Va., about 1855. Lived in Pensacola, Fla., where he 
stood at his post during yellow fever scourge and died of the 
dread disease. Issue: (i) Sallie Gary, married Wm. S. Graves, 
of Bedford Gity. She was soon left a widow with four chil- 

The Armistead Family. 265 

dren — Gary, Kenneth, Junia. Jean. (2) Juliet Fisher Gary, mar- 
ried Herbert Sitwell, of England, first cousin of Gountess of 
Warwick (Lady Brooke), and Duchess of Sutherland. Issue: 
Evelyn Fay Sitwell, Herbert FitzRoy Sitwell. 

Richard Miles Gary (son of Gol. Gill Armistead Gary and 
Sallie Baytop, his wife,) married Hannah Elizabeth Whiting, of 
Hampton, Va. Issue : ( i ) Sallie Baytop Gary, married Edwin 
Abercrombe, of Pensacola^ Fla., and had Gary Abercrombe, 
Richard Whiting Abercrombe, Lelia Abercrombie. (2) Rich- 
ard Miles Gary, Jr., married Daisy Wright, of Pensacola, Fla., 
and had Richard Miles Gary and Margaret Gary. (3) Lelia 
Gary, married Henry Hall, of Mobile, and had Lelia Gary Hall, 
Henry Hall, Jr., EHse Hall. (4) Martha Armistead Gary, un- 
married. (5) Glara Whiting Gary, unmarried. 

Gill Armistead Gary, Jr. (son of Gol. Gill Armistead Gary 
and Sallie Baytop, his wife,), married, about 1857, Jane Ladston 
Alston Smith, of South Garolina. Her mother, when a widow, 
married Dr. McGabe, of Hampton, rector of old St. John's 
Ghurch, and father of Golonel Gordon McGabe, of Richmond, 
one of Virginia's and of the South's noted literati. Issue of Gill 
Armistead Gary and Jane, his wife : Belle Gordon Gary and 
Martha Armistead Gary. Belle Gordon Gary married Gordon 
Macdonald and had Olive Gary Macdonald. 

Patsy Vail, the old colored mammy, has lately died, and Col. 
Gordon McGabe has placed a monument oi'cr her grave in me.Ti- 
ory of her faithfulness and love to three generations whom she 
nursed and cared for. 

In the garret of the old Back River home of the Garys were 
bags of engraved book plates marked Miles Gary that had been 
sent from England to the Am'erican descendants. This fact was 
known and told by Miss Susan Gary, who lived until 1873, and 
her nephew, Golonel John B. Gary. Gillie Gary, of Richmond, 
has several of these. It is the Gary Arms : Argent on a bend, 
sable, three roses of the field silver. Motto : Sine Deo Careo. 

Note. — The Back River farm descended to the Garys through 
Judith Armistead (wife of John Robinson, Jr.,), who was a sis- 

266 The Armistead Family 

ter of Hannah Armistead who married Miles Gary of "Pear 
Tree Hall." 

At the close of the Baytop genealogy, which appeared and 
was continued in several issues of the Sunday Times-Dispatch 
Genealogical Column by Mrs. Sallie Nelson Robins, is the fol- 
lowing : 

(The Mrs. Gatlett spoken of was a sister of Sally Baytop who 
married Gol. Gill Armistead Gary, of Hampton, where she after- 
wards lived and died, leaving her fortune to her sister, Sallie 
Baytop Gary. Our earliest recollections are interwoven with 
this charming old lady who was wheeled to our home (she was 
lame) to spend a day in every week or two with our mother. 
They were firm friends. The whispered tragedy invested her, in 
our childish mind, with a mysterious glamer that set her apart 
as something wierd and uncanny.) 

" 'James Gatlett murdered when a young man by a favorite 
slave.' This was perhaps the most intensely dramatic situation 
ever felt in Gloucester Gounty. 

"James Gatlett was the only son of his mother, who was a 
widow. He was just returned from college, brilliant, handsome 
and rich, with life in its fulness spread out before him. 

"His bodyservant, a mulatto fellow, promising, too, and ap- 
parently faithful, was present when he read his will to a friend. 
To this bodyservant he left the priceless boom of the human 
soul — freedom. 

"Soon after this incident James Gatlett one bright morning 
started with this man to a distant plantation. He was to return 
that evening, but he did not. The servant did return, and an- 
nounced that his master was detained. The master's prolonged 
absence created suspicion, and when the negro was gravely re- 
quired to tell what he knew he lost courage and fled to the woods. 
The men of the whole countryside started in pursuit ; the women 
stayed at home filled with a despairing dread. 

"Dogs were let loose and fell in with spirit for the ghastly 
chase. A favorite dog of James Gatlett led to the discovery of 
his body near his home, where it was covered deep with earth, 
brushwood and leaves. 

The Armistead Family ^i-ij 

"Days passed before the murderer was trapped, desperate, 
weak and famished in the woods. 

"A trial ensued, and he was condemned to death. Old resi- 
dents have told us of the hanging-; how the negroes from all the 
plantations, and many white citizens, too, filed in garrulous lines 
from the various plantations to the courthouse to watch a pitiful 
and tremendous tragedy." 

In 1852 John Baytop Gary, of Hampton, Va., eldest son of 
Colonel Gill Armistead Gary and Sallie Baytop, his wife, founded 
and built the Hampton IMilitary Academy, the grounds of which, 
fronting on the "Greek,'^ adjoined his residence. Go-education 
being a local necessity, there was a department for girls, with a 
woman of high education and refinement in charge. These school 
buildings were by far the best equipped south of Boston. The 
various class rooms and auditoriums were spacious, flooded with 
light and sunshine, slate blackboards, hard-wood desk:s with 
nickleplated ink wdls, and revolving chairs. In the faculty, be- 
sides Mr. Gary, who was headmaster, were an A. M. of the 
University of Virginia, a degree man from Heidleburg or Leip- 
sic, a graduate of V. M. I. at the head of the military depart- 
ment, and the lady teacher. 

This high-grade, classical school, numbering an hundred and 
forty students just before the war, attracted the patronage not 
only of adjacent counties in Virginia, but of far Southern States, 
its alumni bearing the hall-marks of thoroughness, culture and 
high ideals. 

The Gary Family of Gloucester Gounty, Va. 

Mrs. Eliza Gary, of Gloucester, age eighty-nine, September, 
1910, gives the following data: 

"The father of John Reid Gary came from England and set- 
tled in Gloucester Gounty. John Reid Gary had four sons — John 
Reid C, Thomas G., Samuel G., Edward G. Thomas G. married 
twice, but there were no children. Samuel G. married and settled 
in Nottoway Gounty. Edward Gary never married ; died in 

268 The Armistead Family 

"John Reid Cary married Harryann Beverly Whiting Pryor. 
Issue, nine children — Samuel Beverly C, John Reid C, Edwarvd 
B. S. C, Thomas C, Charles Grymes C, William H. C, Elizabeth 
Courtney C, Catherine Clayton C, Julia Pryor C." (Mrs. Eliza 
Gary's data ends here.) 

Edward B. S. Cary married Eliza Smith, of Gloucester, whose 
mother, Lucy Armistead, was descended from the Ralph Armi- 
stead line, which will follow this Cary line. 

Samuel Beverly Cary was a successful and much loved physi- 
cian of Gloucester County, Va. 

William Cary (son of Edward B. S. C. and Eliza Smith, his 
wife,) married Miss Field, of Gloucester. Charles C, another 
son, married Miss Willis. Samuel C, a third son, married 

Mahlon Bagby, of Richmond, daughter of Bagby and 

Mildred Goodman, his wife. Mr. Samuel Cary and wife Mahalon 
B. have two sons. They ireside in Roanoke, Va. 

It is said that this family of Carys and the Miles Cary line 
are not related, though the parent stock in England may have 
been the same. 

The Armistead line of Mrs. Eliza Cary has been gathered 
from Kingston Parish register and William and Mary Quar- 
terly, Vol. VI. 

Ralph Armistead, who patented land in Gloucester County, 
1678, was evidently a member of the emigrant's family — brother, 
nephew, or cousin. He had Francis A. and Ralph A. Ralph's 
son Francis married Dorothy Reade, February 2, 1766. Issue: 
George Reade Armistead, who married Lucy (?). Their son 
Francis Armistead married, 1798, Elizabeth Buckner, niece of 
Armistead Smith, granddaughter of Thomas S. (Mrs. Eliza 
Cary states this). Issue of this marriage ten children. Four 
of the sons were Thomas Buckner A., George Reade A., John 
Patterson A., Francis A. Their daughter, Lucy Armistead, was 
the mother of Mrs. Eliza Cary. 

The Armistead Family 269 


Samuel Selden married Rebecca, and had among others : 
Joseph Selden, married Alary Gary, daughter of Col. Miles Cary 
and Mary Wilson, his wife. Issue: (Rev.) Miles Selden, mar- 
ried Rebecca Cary, daughter of Hannah Armistead, wife if 
Miles Cary*. Issue : Col. Aliles Selden, married Elizabeth 
(Betty) Armistead, daughter of Colonel Gill Armistead. She 
(Betty) died 1833, age eighty-two. Issue eleven children. 

Rev. Miles Selden as ordained in London, and minister of 
Henrico Parish (St. John's, Richmond, V"a.,) 1752 to 1776; died 


Issue of Col. Miles Selden (grandson of Hannah Armistead 
and ]\Iiles Gary, of "Pear Tree Hall,") and Betty Armistead, his 
wife, married at Mr. John Lewis', Williamsburg, Va., 27th 
March, 1774: (i) Betty, (2) Miles, (3) Mary, (4) Gill Armi- 
stead, (5) Cary, (6) Joseph, (7) Patsey, (8) Samuel, (9) James 
M., (10) Martha. 

(5) Gary Selden, born February 16, 1783, married ]\Iiss Jen- 
nings, of West Indies. Issue, among others: (Dr.) Wilson Cary 
Selden, married a daughter of Charles Armistead. Dr. Wilson 

Cary Selden and Armistead, had Elizabeth Armistead 

Selden, who married John I. Lloyd. Issue, among others : Re- 
becca Lloyd, first wife of Rev. Melville Jackson, and Arthur S. 
Lloyd, who married Elizabeth Blackford. Arthur S. Lloyd is 
Bishop Coadjutor of Virginia. 

Armistead — Dandridge — Randolph — Williams — 

Anthony Armistead, of Yorkshire, England, and Frances 
Thomson, his wife, had William A. the emigrant, who married 
Anne, and had issue, among others, Anthony A., who married 
Hannah Elliason. Their son John, of New Kent County, mar- 
ried Miss Gill, an heiress. Issue, among others, ]\Iajor William 
Armistead, married Mary, niece of James Nicholas, widow of 
Baker. Their only child, Susannah Armistead, married William 

270 The Armistead Family 

Dandridge^ (John D.^ Bartholomew D.^ Col. William D.-, 

Dandridge\ of London,). William Dandridge's sister 

Martha married George Washington. 

Sianna Dandridge, daughter of William D. and Susanna 
Armistead, his wife, married John Williams. Issue: (i) Robert 
Armistead Williams, married Elizabeth Marshall Colston. (2) 
Susanna Elinor W., unmarried. (3) William Langbourne W., 
married Isabella Reid. (4) Margaret S. W., married Patrick 
H. Gibson. Issue, among others, Henry G., married Nannie 
Higginbotham. Issue : Susan G., died ; George Armistead G., 
married Alice Winona McClung in 1903. Issue: George Pat- 
rick G., Elizabeth McClung G., Patrick Armistead G. 

(5) John Langhorne Williams married Maria Ward Skelton. 
Issue : ( I ) John Skelton W., married Lila Lefebvre Isaacs ; two 
children — John Skelton and Herbert LeF. (2) E. Randolph W., 
married Maud Stokes. (3) Langbourne W., married Susie Nolt- 
ing, (4) Lancaster W., married Rebecca Watkins. (5) Dr. 
Ennion W., married Anne Lassiter. (6) Berkeley W., married 
Hulda Steel. (7) Sianna W., married E. L. Bemiss. (8) Maria 
Ward W., married Lewis C. Williams. (9) Charlotte W., died 

The grandchildren of John L. Williams and Maria Ward 
Skelton, his wife, are thirty-one — perhaps more. , 

Alfred Brokenborough Williams, Virginia's brilliant editor 
and man of letters, is the son of Robert Armistead W. and Eliza- 
beth Marshall Colston, his wife. A. B. Williams, in 1882, mar- 
ried May Young Brice, of South Carolina. Issue : Margaret and 
A. B. W., Jr. 

Elizabeth (daughter of Robert Carter and Judith Armistead, 
his wife,), widow of Nathaniel Burwell, married Dr. George 
Nicholas. Their son, Robert Carter Nicholas, had a daughter 
Elizabeth, who married .Edmund Randolph, first Attorney Gen- 
eral United States in 1790; Governor in i786-'8; in 1794 suc- 
ceeded Thomas Jefferson as Secretary of State. Issue among 
others (of Edmund Randolph and Elizabeth Nicholas) : Peytoi 
Randolph, who married the beautiful Maria Ward. Their 

The Armistead Family 271 

daughter, Elizabeth Randolph, was the first wife of Dr. John 
Gifford Skelton. The daughter of this union married John 
Langbourne Williams. Thus were united two descendants of the 
Armistead brothers, John and Anthony. 

The Langbourne and Dandridge families were very intimate. 
Colonel John Dandridge, whose son married Susanna Armistead, 
was a close friend of William Langbourne, who was aid to La- 
Fayette and much attached to him. He visited LaFayette in 
France ; married Ann Claiborne. In King William County Is 
the tombstone of this first Langbourne, son of Robert and Mary 
L., of Fetter Lane, London, England, and^ bears~the Langbourne 

George Nicholas came to this country as a physician. His 
son, Robert Carter Nicholas, was distinguished at the bar in Wil- 
liamsburg, in the House of Burgesses in the Council, as Treas- 
urer of the State, and as a patriot in the Revolution ; but he had 
higher honor than all these offices could give him — he was a sin- 
cere Christian and a zealous defender of the Church of his 
fathers at a time wdien the writings of French philosophers, so- 
called, were corrupting the minds of the Virginia youth. — 

He married Anne, daughter of Col. Wilson Cary, of Hamp- 
ton. A portion of a letter written to her son, Wilson Cary 
Nicholas, on entering public life, w-ill give a glimpse into the 
character and ideals of this Christian mother: 

"Williamsburg, 1784, 
"Dear Wilson, — I congratulate you on the honoT your coun- 
try has done you in choosing you their representative with sc 
large a vote. I hope you have come into the Assembly without 
those tramels which some people submit to wear for a seat in the 
House. I rtiean, unbound by promises to perform this or that 
job, which the many-headed monster may think proper to chalk 
out for you ■■' * * from long observation I can venture to 
assert that the man of integrity, who observes one equal tenor 
in his conduct, who deviates neither to the one side or the other 

272 The Armistead Family 

from the proper line — has more of the confidence of the people 
than the very pHant time-server, who calls himself the servant — 
and indeed is — the slave of the people. * * * 

"Anne Nicholas/' 

The children of Robert Carter Nicholas and Anne, his wife, 
Were : George, who moved to Kentucky ; Lewis lived in Albe- 
marle ; John moved to New York ; Wilson Cary^ of U. S. Senate 
and House of Representatives, and Governor of Virginia ; and 
Philip Norbourne. Their daughter Elizabeth married Edmund 

William Armistead, son of Col. John Armistead, of New 
Kent County, was major in 1772 and 1775, and a vestryman of 

Blissland Parish. He married Mary, widow of Baker. 

She was niece of James Nicholas, who left her a legacy of one 
thousand pounds. Issue of this marriage, Susanna, an only 
child, who married first, William Dandridge ; married second, 
about 1805, David Darrington. Major William Armistead died 
before 1784. 

Issue of William Dandridge and Susanna, his wife : Robert 
Dandridge, d. s. p. Sianna Dandridge, married John Williams 
and had issue. Eleanor Dandridge, married Charles C. Rich- 
ardson, d. s. p. Lavinia W. Dandridge, married John Blair 
Richardson, and had John Harvie Richardson, married Marga- 
ret Hodges, and had issue : Charles Richardson, married Char- 
lotte Blain, daughter of Samuel Wilson Blain and Susan Isham 
Harrison, and had issue: William Dorrington R., Samuel Blain 
R., and Lavinia Dandridge R. Susanna Armistead Richardson 
married Edward H. Norvell, and had issue. 

1. Anthony^ A. married Frances Thompson. Issue: 2. Wil- 
liam^ A. , 

2. William A. married Annie. Issue: 3. William^, 5. An- 
thony^, 6. Frances. 

5. Anthony^ A. married Hannah Ellison. Issue : 82. Wil- 
liam, 83. Anthony, 84. Robert, 85. Hannah. 

The Armistead Family 273 

82. William* A. married first, Hannah Hinde. Issue: 87. 
Anthony^ A., 88. William^ A., 89. John^ A., 90. Hinde= A. 

82. William* A. married second, Rebecca Moss. Issue: 91. 
Robert^ A., 92. Moss^ A., 93. Edward^ A., 94. Hannah^ A., 95. 
Judith^ A. 

87. Anthony^ A. married Margaret Benit. Issue : 96. John' 
A., 97. Anthony^ A., 98. Benit^ A. 

96. John^ A. married first, Anne ; second, Elizabeth Jones ; 
died 1791. Issue by second wife: 100. Starkey^, loi. John^ (102) 
Robert^, (103) a daughter. 

loi. John" Armistead (John^, Anthony^, William*, Anthony^ 
\\'illiam-, Anthony^, of Yorkshire, Engbnd,) owned 1,000 acres 
in Northampton County, North Carolina, and negroes. He 
bought land from Francis Bracie in Lunenburg, afterwards 
Mecklenburg County, Virginia. 

loi. John Armistead married Elizabeth Royster, of Gran- 
ville County, N. C. Issue: (i) John Clayton^ Armistead, born 
January 12, 1782; diecf April 11, 1832; (2) Robert Alexander*'; 
(3) Marcus Aurelius^; (4) Fabian^, born December 25, 1794; 
(5) Leander^; (6) Ajax*; (7) Latinus'^ ; (8) Lycurgus® ; (9) 

John Clayton® Armistead married Lucy Ann Fanny Harrison, 
December 20, 1814, daughter of the Rev. William Harrison, rec- 
tor of Blandford Church, Petersburg, Va. Issue: (i) Adelia 
Harrison Armistead, born April 21, 1816; (2) John Royster 
Armistead, born April 12, 1818; (3) William Harrison Armi- 
stead, born February 8, 1820. 

Adelia Harrison Armistead married John E. Johnson, of 
Richmond, Va. Died August 12, 1834. Issue: William R. 
Armistead Johnson, who died in San Francisco about 1900, leav- 
ing no children. 

John Royster Armistead married Elizabeth Edmondson Ed- 
loe, of Williamsburg, Va., December 11, 1837. Issue: (i) John 
Royster Armistead, Jr.; (2) Lucy Harrison Armistead; (3) 
W^illie Anna Armistead; (4) Elizabeth Allen Armistead; (5) 
Clayton Armistead; (6) Henry Edloe Armistead. The four last 

274 The Armistead Family 

named are living at the old home, "Tomahund," Charles City 
County, Va. 

(i) John Royster Armistead, Jr., was married to Gertrude 
Hooff, of Alexandria, Va., November 28, 1883, in Alabama. He 
died childless at Newbern, Ala., January 7, 1897. He joined the 
Petersburg Rifles, Twelfth Virginia Regiment, C. S. A., April, 
1861, aged eighteen, and remained with the company until j^ 
surrendered at Appomattox, having been twice a prisoner ; was 
severely wounded at the battle of the Wilderness. Though 
physically weak, he was a brave soldier, and the record of his 
captain is, "There was no truer man in the Army of Northern 
Virginia than John R. Armistead." 

(2) Lucy Harrison Armistead married John Emory Wel- 
bourn, of Baltimore, Md., December 18, 1873. Issue: (i ) 
Rev. John Armistead Welbourn (missionairy in Tokyo, Japan,) ; 
(2) Edward Hambleton Welbourn; (3) Elizabeth Edloe Wel- 

(5) Clayton Armistead married Emm^ Lacy, of Charles City, 
County, Va. No surviving children. 

(3) William Harrison Armistead married Sarah Henry, 
daughter of Edward Winston Henry, of Charlotte County, Va., 
youngest 'son of Patrick Henry, April 23, 1844. 

(3) William Harrison Armistead, born February 8, 1820, 
died in Halifax County, Va., December 6, 1895. Sarah Henry 
Armistead, his wife, died May 25, 1899. Of a large family there 
survived three children, viz.: (i) Grattan Henry Armistead, 
born April 6, 185 1 ; died October 31, 1883. (2) Adelia Harrison 
Armistead, married Fletcher Yuille. (3) Edward Winston 
Armistead, married Annie Hobson Clarke, April 22, 1890. Is- 
sue: (i) William Harrison Armistead; (2) Mary Isabella Armi- 
stead; (3) Annie Winston Armistead. 

Edward Winston Armistead now owns, at Wolf Trap, Hali- 
fax County, Va., a part of the large estate of John Clayton Armi- 
stead, his grandfather, 

Marcus Aurelius Armistead married Mary Ann C. Harrison, 
daughter of the Rev. William Harrison, rector of Blandford 

The Armistead Family 275 

Church, Petersburg, \'a. He died in Florida, and his widow died 
near Petersburg, May i, 1857, aged sixty-four years. Issue: 
(i) Marcus Latinus Armistead, M. D., surgeon in the U. S. A.; 
died at Vera Crus, Alexico, of yellow fever while on duty in the 
army. (2) Latinus Armistead, M. D., died in Tallahassee, Fla., 
about 1900, leaving three children. (3) Ann Elizabeth Harrison 
Armistead, married first, Peter Batte Jones; no surviving chil- 
dren; married secondly. Dr. Austin Watkins, of Nottoway 
County, Va Issue: (i) Aurelius Augustus Watkins, lieutenant 
C. S. A.; killed at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863, aged twenty-four 
years. (2) Ann Elizabeth Watkins, married George W. Rob- 
ertson. Issue: Charles Blankenship Robertson. Married thirdly, 
]SIarcus Latinus Robertson, died in Petersburg June, 1878, aged 
twenty-four. (2) Peter Branch Robertson, married Mattie 
Campbell Jones; no children. (3) James Fletcher Robertson, 
married Loula Dyerle. (4) Mary Catherine Robertson, married 
Micajah J. Oliver; no children. 

Ann Elizabeth Harrison Robertson died March 3, 1875, aged 
sixty-two years. 

(4) Eugenia Armistead, daughter of Marcus A. and Mary A. 
C. Armistead, married in Florida; left no children. 

(5) George Armistead, son of Marcus A. and Mary A. C. 
Armistead, died in Florida ; unmarried. 

(6) Mary Virginia Armistead married Rogers, of New Or- 
leans. Issue : Mary Eugenia Rogers, married William E. Brad- 
ley, of North Carolina. Issue : ( i ) William Harrison Bradley, 
(2) John Rogers Bradley, (3) Jesse Bradley, (4) Thomas Brad- 
ley, (5) Grover Cleveland Bradley, (6) Marcus Aurelius Brad- 
ley, (7) Mary Virginia Bradley, (8) Elsie Bradley. 

(7) Lucy Fanny Armistead, daughter of Marcus A. and Mary 
A. C. Armistead, married Robert Tucker, of Dinwiddie County, 
Va. Issue: (i) Evelyn Tucker, (2) Clarence Tucker, (3) Anna 
Harrison Tucker. 

Fabian^ Armistead, born December 25, 1794, died September 
16, 1865, married Virginia Harrison, daughter of the Rev. Wil- 

2^6 The Armistead Family 

liam Harrison, of Blandford Church, Petersburg, Va., who was 
born January lo, 1805, and died August 24, 1881. Issue: (i) 
John Clayton Armistead, (2) Fabian Harrison Armistead, (3) 
Anne Harrison Armistead, (4) WilHam Hanrison Armistead, 
(5) Robert Alexander Armistead, (6) Mary Virginia Armistead, 
(7) George Ajax Armistead. 

(i) John Clayton Armistead married Mary L. Keen, daugh- 
ter of the Rev. Thomas G. Keen, of Philadelphia, Pa. ; no sur- 
viving issue. He died October 14, 1901, aged sixty-six years. 

(2) Favian Harrison Armistead married Annie Spencer, of 
FarmVille, Va. ; died June 7, 1901, aged sixty-four yeajrs. Issue: 
(i) Virginia Harrison Armistead, (2) Fabian Spencer Armi- 

(3.) Anne Harrison Armistead married her first cousin, Rich- 
ard W. FAnson, M. D. Issue: Robert Armistead I'Anson, 

(4) William Harrison Armistead died 1893, aged forty-one 
years ; unmairried. 

(5) Robert Alexander Armistead married Marcella Eugenia 
Herron, of Memphis, Tenn. Issue : Robert Alexander Armi- 
stead, Jr. 

(6) Mary Virginia Armistead married John Monroe Banister, 
of Petersburg, Va. ; no issue. 

(7) George Ajax Armistead married Mary Bland, daughter 
of Dr. Theodorick Bland, of Jordan's Point, James River. Issue : 
(i) George Clayton Armistead; (2) John Clayton Armistead, 
married Estelle Ruffin Marks; no issue; (3) Mary Jeffery Armi- 
stead; (4) Sallie Bland Armistead. 

(6) Ajax^ Armistead moved to Geoigia and married. He 
died there in Petersburg, Ga. Issue : John Armistead. 

The Armistead Family 2y'j 

Edlow Family. 

Mathew Edlow (spelled also Edlowe and Edloe) came to Vir- 
ginia in 1618, and in i623-'24 was living at ye Colledge Land in 
Henrico. In 1629 he was a member of the House of Burgesses 
'■for the plantation at the Colledge." 

(2) Lieutenant-Colonel Matthew Edlow, son and heir of 
Matthew Edlow, dec'd, had a grant of 1,200 acres on the north 
side of the James River over against Chippoak creek, July 12, 
1637. He was a member of the House of Burgesses for James 
City i658-'59. Charles City, in which was his grant, was at 
that time included in James City. He married Tabitha, probably 
a Minge, and died in 1668. 

(3) John Edlow, son of Lieut. -Col. Mathew Edlow, was born 
about 1661. He married first, Rebecca, daughter of Mathew 
Hubard, of York County, and secondly, in 1699, he married Miss 
Martha Hatcher, of Henrico County. Henry Edlow, son of John 
Edlow, who was living in 1734, married Rebecca Browne, daugh- 
ter of Henry Browne, of Surry County, son of Colonel William 
Browne, of "Four Mile Tree." That is an old estate on the 
James River opposite to "Tomahund." The square brick colo- 
nial house is still standing. Henry and Rebecca Edlow left sev- 
eral children, among them Henry, who died in Charles City 
County about 1750, leaving an infant son John, w^ho was probably 
the father of John Edlow, born 1777, who married Ann Armi- 
stead Allen, of Claremont, Va., where both of them are buried. 
This last John Edlow was brother to Henry Edlow, whose chil- 
dren were William, Henry and Anne Cocke. William was the 
son of first wife, Elizabeth Edmondson, and Henry and Anne 
Cocke were the children of his second wife, Sally Lamb. 

William Edlow married Elizabeth Laury Allen, and their 
daughter, Elizabeth Edmondson Edlow, married John Royster 
Armistead, of Petersburg and "Tomahund." 

Thomas Barrett Allen married Virginia Armistead, mother of 
Elizabeth Barrett, of Barrett's Ferry, James City County . Owned 

278 The Armistead Family 

lands on both sides of Chickahominy at the mouth. The public 
road from Richmond to Williamsburg went by Barrett's Ferry. 
Thomas Barrett Allen was brother of Elizabeth Laury Allen, 
who married William Edloe, of Williamsburg, grandfather of 
Lucy Harrison Armistead. 

(9) Stella Armistead married Mackie FAnson. Issue: Rich- 
ard W. FAnson. 

Leander, Lycurgus and Latinus Armistead, sons of John and 
Elizabeth Royster Armistead were unmarried. 

In 1756 Francis Bracie and Elizabeth, his wife, sold land in 
Lunenburg County to John Armistead, of Elizabeth City County. 
John Armistead and his tithes were added in May, 1773, to the 
list of tithes in Mecklenburg County between John Armistead of 
the one part and his children — John Clayton, Robert Alexander. 
He had other children later — Fabian, Ajax, etc. There is a tra- 
dition in the family that loi. John A. became involved in some 
feud with his family or kin, and vowed he would never give an- 
other child a family name. With Spartan determination he ke]it 
his vow. Therefore the old Roman names that have descended 
in his line. 

A descendant of loi. John Armistead sends the following 
from a copy of a deed of John Armistead, of Elizabeth City, to 
his son John, of Mecklenburg County, for 1,000 acres of land on 
Butcher's Creek, the same land he had purchased from Francis 
Bracie in 1756. The deed was dated 1773. In 1790 the son John 
deeded the same land to his sons Robert Alexander, John Clay- 
ton, Latinus, Marcus Aurelius, and Leander. He gave each three 
or four negroes, several horses, cattle, sheep, wagons and gear, 
and to each a feather bed and furniture. (This was before the 
birth of his children Fabian, Ajax, and Stella.) In 1792 he 
gave to Stella two negroes, forty hogs, a riding chair and har- 
ness, and other personal property. In 1803 Robert Alexander 
Armistead sold to John Clayton Armistead 170 acres of the 
Butcher's Creek land, and to Sir Peyton Skipwith 21^ acres. 
Later, John Clayton Armistead, of Petersburg, sold the land he 

The Armistead Family 279 

bought to George Feild. In 1810 there was an appraisement of 
the personal property of Elizabeth, widow of John Armistead, 
value £244; Marcus Aurelius Armistead administrator. In June 
Marcus Aurelius A. sold to Clarke Royster several negroes, the 
money to be paid to his mother Elizabeth, sister Stella, and 
brothers Fabian and Ajax. In 1818 Robert Alexander Armistead 
and his wife Anne, of Norfolk County, deeded the Butcher's 
Creek land of 805 acres to John L. Ravenscroft. 

Robert Alexander Armistead, M. D., son of John and Eliza- 
beth Royster Armistead. 

A copy of the Delphin edition of Vergil, in the possession of 
Mrs. Mary Woodbridge (nee Stubbs), of Atlanta, Ga., shows 
that R. A. Armistead was a student of William and Mary Col- 
lege in 1798. There are portraits of him and his wife in Mrs. 
Woodbridge's hands. He was a physician and author of a work 
on English grammar. He died in Florida. He was married in 
1820 or 1821 to Mrs. Ann Myers (or Meyers) (nee Wright). 
There were born of this marriage : 

Elizabeth, born at Portsmouth, Va., 1822; married to Stephen 

Stella Louisa Hodges, born at Portsmouth, Va., April 21, 
1824; married to John S. Stubbs, May 15, 1845. 

Children of Stephen Cozvlcy and Elizabeth Armistead. 

(i) Annie Margaret, born January 24, 1840; married Capt. 
Thomas F. Pettus (captain Co. H, Twentieth Mississippi Regi- 
ment, C. S. A.) at Somerville, Ala., December 17, 1861. She 
died of apoplexy in China (her husband being U. S. Consul at 
Ningpo), January 18, 1888. Buried in foreign cemetery at 

(2) Stephen Armistead, born 1842. Inspector on General 
Ouarles' staff, rank, lieutenant-colonel (C. S. A.). Killed at 
battle of Franklin, Tenn. ; buried in the Confederate cemetery at 

(3) Eugenia Armistead, born in Portsmouth, Va., 1841 ; 

28o The Armistead Family 

married to Horatio Overton Pettus, at Morton, Miss., March lO, 

(4) Elizabeth, born in Portsmouth, Va., September i, 1843; 
married Captain John Hart (C. S. A.), in Somerville, Ala., in 
1867. Her husband died near Hot Springs, Ark., in 1885. Sjic 
was married the second time, September i, 1890, to her brother- 
in-law, Captain T. F. Pettus. She died in Albany, Texas, April 
12, 1902. She had no children. 

(5) Robert Armistead, barn in Portsmouth, Va. ; was never 
married. Died at Friers' Point, Miss., in 1895, and was buried 

Children of Thomas F. Pettus and Annie M. Cowley. 
(i) John Jones, born October 19, 1862, in Morton Miss.; 
married Rose Lillard in 1894. Children: Thomas Wanren, Mar- 
garet, John J., Jr., and Thurmond. They reside in Sweetwater, 

(2) Bessie Louise, born in Morton, Miss., August 9, 1865; 
married in China, Ningpo, December 5, 1888, to J. W. Burke, of 
China service. Died in Meridian, Miss., November, 1901. Mr. 
Burke died in Boston, Mass., April, 1899. Children: Louise, 
born in Newchwang, China, 1889, and Mary, born in Shanghai, 

(3) Stephen Winston, born October 15, 1867, in Morton, 
Miss. ; married Lylie Currie, at Kerens, Texas, December 8, 1902 ; 
died October 4, 1903. Had one child, Stephen Winston, born 
October 15, 1903. 

(4) Thomas F., Jr., born in Morton, Miss., December 12, 
1869; married Leota Bradfield, October 3, 1901. Children: Rose 
and Bessie. Reside in Moran, Texas. 

(5) Annie Madge, born in Morton, Miss., December 2, 1871 ; 
married W. C. Sanders, of Texas. Two children — Annie Madge 
and Willy. Reside in Galveston, Texas. 

Children of Horatio 0. Pettus and Eugenia Armistead Cowley. 
( I ) Mary, born in Morton, Miss ; married John Loughridge, 
M. D., 1893. Two children. 

The Armistead Family 281 

(2) Cowley Armistead, M. D., married Mrs. Kirkland, of 
Forest, Miss., in 1899. 

(3 and 4) Eugenia and Lizzie, unmarried. All these reside 
in Eldorado, Arkansas. 

Children of John S. Stubbs and Stella L. H. Armistead. 

Ten children were the fruit of this marriage, only three of 
which reached maturity. 

(i) Robert Armistead, born 1847; died November, 1883; un- 

(2) Annie Wright, born July, 1848; died November, 1883; 
married W. H. Stewart (lieutenant-colonel C. S. A.). To them 
was born Robert Armistead, March 9, 1877; A. B., A. M., Ph. D., 
University of Virginia. 

(3) Mary Stella, born in Portsmouth, Va., August 3, 1850; 
married, February 10, 1880, the Rev. W. G. Woodbridge. To 
them three children were born, only one reaching maturity — 
William Witherspoon, born September 15, 1883, in Warrenton, 
Va. These live in Atlanta, Ga. 

Coats of Arms. 

Gu — blood red — means courage. 

Az. argent — silver — means purity, honor, truth. 

Sable — black — means wisdom, constancy, affection. 

Conquefoil — an agriculturist. 

Star — honor — shone in learning or virtue, means also to steer 
s course. 

The whole means "the bearer a gentleman, esquire," and 
that the gentleman had been knighted. 

The shield, crest, helmet, wreath, external ornamentation and 
motto constitute a Coat of Arms. 

Hall Marks on Silver. 

These marks were started in 11 80. 

London mark — A leopard's head, within a shield, crowned or 

282 The Armistead Family 

Lion passant denotes true metal. 

Birmingham, England, mark — An anchor within a shield or 

Sheffield — A crown within an oblong with corners cut off. 

When sent to the Hall by the silversmith, it is stamped, if 
satisfactory, with the Hall mark — a lion, if silver — next to the 
maker's stamp — the letter indicating the year. 

In 1784 the sovereign's head was added to the London mark. 

A very heavy soup ladle belonging to Robert Augustine Armi- 
stead has the sovereign's head — London mark — made 1789. Hes- 
ter Bateman, maker. 

Spoons belonging to some, made in London 1792 by G. G. 

Sugar tongs, very primitive in design, made in 1634. This 
must have been brought over by the emigrant, who came in 1635. 

These descended from R. A. and E. Smith, his wife, marked 
R. E. A. in monogram. 

So many Virginians have St. Memin's portraits that a sketch 
of the artist and his methods may be interesting: 

Charles Balthazar Julien Fevre de Saint Memin was of an 
ancient family of Dijon, France, born in 1770. Was a member 
of the royal army during the French Revolution. When the 
army was disbanded, he fled to America in 1793. 

A Frenchman, Chretien, had invented a machine which he 
called physionotrace, by which the human profile could be traccJ 
with mathematical accuiracy. St. Memin constructed such an im- 
plement with his own hands and also made a pantograph by which 
to reduce the design. His life-size portraits on pink paper, fin- 
ished in black crayon, could be reduced to a circle two inches in 
diameter. The physionotrace only gave the outline, the finishing 
being done in one case with the crayon, in the other with the 
graver and roulette. One-fourth of the eight hundred portraits 
done in America were Virginians. The artist sold the drawing 
and engraved plate, with a dozen proofs, to the sitter for thirty- 
three dollars. — William and Mary Quarterly^ Vol. IX. 

The Armistead Family 2S^ 


(This application may he used zvhether the applicant desires to 
claim eligibility from one or more ancestors.) 

This paper for the Anthony branch of the Armistead family- 
has been used three times — twice in joining Virginia Sons uf 
American Revolution, and once in joining Colonial Dames of 

I, the undersigned, herby apply for membership in the Society 
bv risfht of lineal descent from 

William Worlich. 6. Christopher Calthorpe. 

Robert Ellison. 7. Armiger Wade. 

Colonel John Tabb. 8. John Howard. 

Anthony Armistead. 9. Col. Francis Howard. 

Anthony Armistead. 10. Humphrey Tabb. 

Ancestor No. i. 
The said W^illiam Worlich was born in England on 

16 , and resided in the Colony (or Province) of Virginia 

from 1622 to 1659. He died after 1659 ^^ Elizabeth City County. 
Member of House of Burgesses for Elizabeth City Co. i644-'49- 
'54"'59- (See William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. IX., p. 131.) 

Ancestor No. 2. 
The said Robert Ellison was born in Eng-land on , 

16 , and resided in the Colony (or Province) of Maryland 

from 1643 to 1663. He died in Virginia after 1663, at . 

Member of House of Burgesses 1656, i659-'6o, 1660- '61, 1663. 

Ancestor No. 3. 

The said Colonel John Tabb was born in Elizabeth County 

on , 16 , and resided in the Colony (or Province) of 

Virginia from 16 to 1761. He died , 1761, at Eliza- 
beth City Co., Va. Burgess from Elizabeth City. (IVilliani and 
Mary Quarterly, Vol. VII., p. 46.) 

284 The Armistead Family 

Ancestor No. 4. 

The said Anthony Armistead was born in Virginia before 
1676, and resided in the Colony (or Province) of Virginia from 
1676 to 1705. He died after 1705, at EHzabeth City Co., Va. 
Was one of Sir Wm. Berkeley's court martial to try Nathaniel 
Bacon, and member of House of Burgesses 1693, 1696, 1699. 
(See William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. VI., p. 227, and Virginia 
Colonial Register, p. 91.) 

Ancestor No. 5. 

The said Anthony Armistead was born in Virginia before 
1700, and resided in the Colony (or Province) of Virginia from 
1700 to 1728. He died after 1760 at Elizabeth City Co., Va. 
Lieutenant-colonel of militia in 1724 (William and Mary Quar- 
terly, Vol. VH., p. 19) ; Burgess in 1720, 1722. See Col. Va. 
Register, p. 103.) 

Ancestor No. 6. 

The said Christopher Calthorpe was born in England on 

, 16 , and resided in the Colony (or Province) of 

Virginia from 1635 to 1662. He died , 1622, at 

Member House of Burgesses for York Co. in 1659. {William 
and Mary Quarterly Vol. H., p. 160.) 

Ancestor No. 7. 
The said Armiger Wade was born in England on , 

16 , and resided in the Colony (or Province) of Virginia 

from 1644 to 1708. He died in Virginia 1708 at York Co. Mem- 
ber House of Burgesses in 1657. See Hay den's Va. Genealogies, 
p. 571, and William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. H., p. 165; also 
York Records at Yorktown, Va.) 

Ancestor No. 8. 
The said John Howard was born in England on , 

16 , and resided in the colony (or Province) of Virginia from 

1635 to 1661. He died in Virginia, 1661, at James City Co., 
Va. Member House of Burgesses in 1654. 

The Armistead Family 285 

Ancestor No. 9. 

The said Colonel Francis Howard was born in \'irginia on 
May 15, 1700, and resided in the Colony (or Province) of Vir- 
ginia from 1700 to 1747. He died March 14, 1747, at Virginia. 
Member House of Burgesses. (See IVilliam and Mary Quar- 
terly, Vol. n., p. 167.) 

Ancestor No. 10. 

This said Humphrey Tabb was born in England on , 

16 , and resided in the Colony (or Province) of V^irginia 

from 1637 to 1661. He died before 1662, at Elizabeth City. He 
was Burgess for Elizabeth City in 1652. (IVilliain and Mary 
Quarterly, Vol. VH., p. 45.) 

( Signature of Applicant) „ 

( Address ) 

Pedigree of Ancestor No i. 

- being duly sworn, says : 

1. That the applicant was born in 

and is a resident of 

2. That she is the daughter of „ 

and his wife 

3. That the said George W. Armistead was the son of Robert 
Armistead and Martha Savage, his wife. 

4. The the said R. A. Armistead was the son of Robert Armi- 
stead and Elizabeth Smith, his wife. 

5. That the said Robert Armistead was the son of Westwood 
Armistead and Mary Jenkins, his wife. 

6. That the said Westwood Armistead was the son of West- 
wood Armistead and Mary Tabb., his wife. 

7. That the said Westwood Armistead was the son of An- 
thony Armistead and Elizabeth Westwood, his wife. 

286 The Armistead Family 

8. That the said Elizabeth Westwood was the daughter of 
Worlich Westwood, and Elizabeth Naylor, his wife. 

9. That the said Worlich Westwood was the son of James 
Westwood and Worlich, his wife. 

10. That the said Worlich was the daughter of 

William Worlich and , his wife. 

Pedigree of Ancestor No. 2. 

1. The said George W. Armistead was the son of R. A. Armi- 
stead and Martha Savage, his wife. 

2. The said R. A. Armistead was the son of Robert Ajrmistead 
and Elizabeth Smith, his wife. 

3. The said Robert Armistead was the son of Westwood 
Armistead and Mary Jenkins, his wife. 

4. The said Westwood Armistead was the son of Westwood 
Armistead and Mary Tabb, his wife. 

5. The said Westwood Armistead was the son of Anthony 
Armistead and Elizabeth Westwood, his wife. 

6. The said Anthony Armistead was the son of Anthony 
Armistead and Hannah Ellison, his wife. 

7. The said Hannah Ellison was the daughter of Robert Elli- 
son^ his wife. 

Pedigree of Ancestor No. 3. 

1. The said George W. Armistead was the son of R. A. 
Armistead and Martha Savage, his wife.. 

2. The said R. A. Armistead was the son of Robert Armi- 
stead and Elizabeth Smith, his wife. 

3. The said Robert Armistead was the son of Westwood 
Armistead and Mary Jenkins, his wife. 

4. The said Westwood Armistead was the son of Westwood 
Armistead and Mary Tabb, his wife. 

5. The said Mary Tabb was the daughter of Col. John Tabb 
and , his wife. 


The Armistead Family 287 

Pedigree of Ancestor No. 4. 

1. The said George W. Armistead was the son of R. A. 
Armistead and Martha Savage, his wife. 

2. The said R. A. Armistead was the son of Robert Armi- 
stead and EHzabeth Smith, his wife. 

3. The said Robert Armistead was the son of West wood 
Armistead and Mary Jenkins, his wife. 

4. The said Westwood Armistead was the son of Westwood 
Armistead and Mary Tabb, his wife. 

5. The said Westwood Armistead was the son of Anthony 
Armistead and Elizabeth Westwood, his wife. 

6. The said Anthony Armistead was the son of Anthony 
Armistead and Hannah Ellison, his wife. 

7. The said Anthony Armistead was the son of the emigrant 
William and , his wife. 

Pedigree of Ancestor No. 5. 

1. The said George W. Armistead was the son of R. A. 
Armistead and Martha Savage, his wife. 

2. The said R. A. Armistead was the son of Robert Armi- 
stead and Elizabeth Smith, his wife. 

3. The said Robert Armistead was the son of Westwood 
Armistead and Mairy Jenkins, his wife. 

4. The said Westwood Armistead was the son of Westwood 
Armistead and Mary Tabb, his wife. 

5. The said Westwood Armistead was the son of Anthony 
Armistead and , his wife. 

Pedigree of Ancestor No. 6. 

1. The said George W. Armistead was the son of R. A. 
Armistead and Martha Savage, his wife. 

2. The said Martha Savage was the daughter of Teackle Sav- 
age and Martha J. Wade, his wife. 

288 The Armistead Family .' 

3. The said Martha J, Wade was the daughter of Chidley 
Wade and Ann Kirby, his wife. 

4. The said Ann Kirby was the daughter of William Kirby 
a:nd Margaret Howard, his wife. 

5. The said Margaret Howard was the daughter of John 
Howard and Ann Shield, his wife. 

6. The said John Howard was the son of Col. Henry Howard 
and Frances Calthorpe, his wife. 

7. The said Frances Calthorpe was the daughter of Elimelech 
Calthorpe and Mary Robinson, his wife. 

The said Elimelech Calthorpe was son of James Calthorpe 
and his wife Mary . 

The said James Calthorpe was the son of Col. Christopher 
Calthorpe. (See William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. H., p. 163, 
et scq.) 

Pedigree of Ancestor No. 7. 

1. The said George W. Armistead was the son of R. A. 
Armistead and Martha Savage, his wife. 

2. The said Martha Savage was the daughter of Teackle 
Savage and Martha J. Wade, his wife. 

3. The said Martha J. Wade was the daughter of Chidley 
Wade and Ann Kirby, his wife. 

4. The said Ann Kirby was the daughter of William Kirby 
and Margaret Howard, his wife. 

5. The said Margaret Howard was the daughter of John 
Howard and Ann Shield, his wife. 

6. The said John Howard was the son of Col. Henry Howard 
and P'rances Calthorpe, his wife. 

7. The said Frances Calthorpe was the daughter of Elimelech 
Calthorpe and Mary Robinson, his wife. 

Mary Robinson was the daughter of John Robinson and 
Frances Wade. 

Frances Wade was the daughter of Armiger Wade. (See 
Hayden, 571, and William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 11., p. 165.) 

The Armistead Family 289 

Pedigree of Ancestor No. 8. 

1. The said George W. Armistead was tlie son of R. A. 
Armistead and Martha Savage, his wife. 

2. The said Martha Savage was the daughter of Teackle 
Savage and Martha J. Wade, his wife. 

3. The said Martha J. Wade was the daughter of Chidley 
Wade and Ann Kirby, his wife. 

4. The said Ann Kirby was the daughter of William Kirby 
and ^largaret Howard, his wife. 

5. The said Margaret Howard was the daughter of John 
Howard and Ann Shield, his wife. 

6. The said John Howard was the son of Henry Howard and 
Frances Calthorpe, his wife. 

7. The said Henry Howard was the son of Col. Francis How- 
ard and Martha , his wife. 

Col. Francis Howard was son of Henry Howard and Eliza- 
beth, his wife. 

Henry Howard was son of John Howard. {See IVilliani and 
Mary Quarterly, Vol. H., p. 167, and York Records.) 

Pedigree of Ancestor No. 9. 

1. The said George W. Armistead was the son of R. A. 
Armistead and Martha Savage, his wife. 

2. The said Martha Savage was the daughter of Teackle 
Savage and Martha J. Wade, his wife. 

3. The said Martha J. Wade was the daughter of Chidley 
Wade and Ann Kirby, his wife. 

4. The said Ann Kirby was the daughter of William Kirby 
and Margaret Howard, his wife. 

5. The said Margaret Howard was the daughter of John 
Howard and Ann Shield, his wife. 

6. The said John Howard was the son of Henry Howard and 
Frances Calthorpe, his wife. 

290 The Armistead Family 

7. The said Henry Howard was the son of Col. Francis How- 
ard and , his wife. 

Pedigree of Ancestor No. 10. 

1. The said George W. Armistead was the son of R. A 
Armistead and Martha Savage, his wife. 

2. The said R. A. Armistead was the son of Robert Armi- 
stead and EHzabeth Smith, his wife. 

3. The said Robert Armistead was the son of Westwood 
Armistead and Mary Jenkins, his wife. 

4. The said Westwood Armistead was the son of Westwood 
Armistead and Mary Tabb. 

5. The said Mary Tabb was the daughter of Col. John Tabb 
and Mary Sclater, his wife. 

6. The said John Tabb was the son of Thomas Tabb and 
Elizabeth Moss, his wife. 

7. The said Thomas Tabb was the son of Thomas Tabb and 
Martha , his wife. 

The said Thomas Tabb was the son of Humphrey Tabb. 
{William and Mary Quarterly, Vol., VH., pp. 45, 46.) 

For the verification of the within statements we beg leave to 
refer to the Armistead Family, by R. A. Brock in the Richmond 
Standard; also to the able genealogical work of Dr. Lyon G, 
Tyler in Vols. VI. and VH. of the William and Mary Quarterly, 
p. 227 of the former and p. 19 (VH.) of the latter. This proves 
descent of Armisteads as stated in this paper ; also official posi- 
tion of each ancestor mentioned herein. Reference may be also 
given to the Virginia Colonial Register, by W. G. and Mary 
Newton Stanard for every office claimed by the first five ances- 

■ The Armisteads of England and America have been honorable 
and useful men ; in Virginia they have intermarried with the 
"Carters," "Burwells," "Wormeleys," "Pages," "Grymes," "Tay- 
lors" and "Lees." 

The Armistead Family 291 

The Armistead blood has helped to make presidents, council- 
lors, burgesses, clergymen, and generals. 

The famous Harrison family had an Armistead ancestress, as, 
indeed, had most of the makers of the "Old Dominion." 

The first Armistead who came to Virginia had three sons 
and one daughter. The sons were William, John and Anthony; 
the daughter, Frances. William died young, John and Anthony 
were both members of the House of Burgesses, and John was 
also member of the Council, and was dropped for refusing to 
take the oath after the accession of William and Mary. (See 
Lee of Virginia, p. 532.) 

The family lost none of its prestige as the years went on, for 
upon the Committee of Safety, in lyy^-G, were Robert Armi- 
stead, of Louisa ; John Armistead, of Caroline ; Henry Armistead, 
of Charles City ; John Armistead, of New Kent, and West-wood 
Armistead, of Elizabeth City, ancestor of George W. Armistead. 

The fact of Martha J. Wade being the daughter of Chidley 
Wade is proved by enclosed letter from D. B. Wade, who de- 
poses that his grandfather was brother of Martha J. Wade, and 
that they were children of Chidley Wade, etc., etc. 

Prepared by Sally Nelson Robins, 

Asst' Libr. in Va. His. Soc'y, Richmond, Va. 

Grafton, Va., June 20, 1903. 
Mrs. Virginia Garher: 

Dear Madam, — Your letter in regard to the Wade family 
received. From your letter I conclude you are a niece of Mr. 
Ned Savage, of Hampton; if so, your grandmother was sister to 
my grandfather, and they were children of Chidley Wade, of 
James City Co., who married Ann Kirby, of York Co. 

Their marriage license is recorded in the clerk's office in 
Yorktown. I have my grandfather's Bible, but that has only 
the records of his own family, except his mother's birth. 

(A copy of his mother's birth:) 

292 The Armistead Family 

"Ann Kirby, daughter of William Kirby and Margaret, his 
wife, was born August 30th, 1760.'' 

This is the only record we have of our family. 

Very respectfully, 

D. B. Wade, 
Grafton, Va. 

Richmond, Va., October 24, 1903 

I hereby certify that the within writing is a true, literal and 
correct copy of the letter written by D. B. Wade to Mrs. Vir- 
ginia Garber, dated at Grafton, Va., June 20, 1903, original and 
copy read and examined by me. 

Witness my hand, A. C. Harman, 

Notary Public. 

The Will of William Westwood, Nephew of Elizabeth 

Westwood Who Married Col. Anthony Armistead, 

and Brother of Louisa Westwood Who Married 

Col. Robert Armistead, of Louisa County. 

In the name of God. Amen. 

I, William Westwood of the County of Elizabeth City, do 
make this my last Will and Testament in manner and form fol- 
lowing — 

Imprimis, I give and bequeath to my Son William Westwood 
all the Land I possess between the two roads, adjoining the 
Land Merritt Westwood gave between him and John Stith West- 
wood, containing by estimation fifty acres more or less to him 
and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give unto my Son John Stith Westwood twenty- 
five acres Land adjoining the Land his Grandfather gave him, 
which I have purchased of Edward Parish to him and his Heirs 

Item. I lend unto my Wife twelve thousand pounds to pur- 

The Armistead Family 293 

chase a House and plantation for the benefit of Her and my 
Children during her life ; and at her death, it is my Will and 
desire that the said Land and House be sold for the most money 
they will fetch and divided among all such of my children as my 
Wife shall judge most in want of it. 

If my Wife should be now with child it is my Will and de- 
sire that if the child should live that, he or she as it may happen 
to be shall receive the same benefit from my Estate as my Daugh- 
ters, which are already Born shall receive. 

It is my Will and desire that should Child die before it comes 
of Age, or marries, ye said child's part shall be divided between 
all my Daughters as my Wife shall think proper. 

Item. It is my Will and desire that in case my Wife should 
die before she makes a purchase of a House and plantation that 
ye whole money I lend her to purchase ye same, shall be equally 
divided between my Daughters. 

Item. It is my Will and desire that the further sum of Three 
Thousand pounds be added to the above mentioned twelve Thou- 
sand pounds to purchase a House and plantation for ye above 
purpose and use. 

Item. It is my Will and desire that my Wife shall make use 
of as much of my remaining money as will purchase ye neces- 
sary provisions for ye ensuing year. 

Item. It is my will and desire that the remaining part cf 
my money shall be put out at interest, as long as my executors 
hereafter named, shall think proper, and that the interest of ye 
said money, shall be towards the support of my Wife and Daugh- 

Item. It is my will and desire that if either of my Daughters 
come to a Lawful age Marriage, my Wife or Executors, here- 
after mentioned, shall pay off such Daughter or Daughters their 
proportional part of my Estate — 

Item. It is my further will and desire that my Wife have the 
care and management of my children until they come of age or 

294 The Armistead Family 

Item. I give unto my Wife all my Household and Kitchen 

Item. I give one Negro Woman named Rachel and her 
future increase to her and her Heirs,— that is to my said Wife 
and her Heirs forever. 

Item. I give to my Wife two yoke of oxen, cart, &c., one 
Black Horse, then to Her and her Heirs forever — 

Item. It is my Will and desire that my present crop shall be 
kept for ye use of my Wife and Children. 

Lastly. I appoint my Wife, Ann Westwood, John Tabb, Wor- 
lich Westwood, and Stith Hardiman to be my Executrix and Ex- 
ecutors of this my last Will and Testament, in witness whereof 
I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 24th day 
of December, 1780. 

The word Wife was interlind over the third line at the bot- 
of ye first page before ye signing. 

William Westwood, 

Signed, sealed published and declared in the presence of — 
James Bray Armistead 
Frances Armistead 
John Brodie 

The Will of Captain Westwood Armistead, Son of Lieut - 
CoL. Anthony A., Who Was Son of the Emigrant. 

In the name of God. Amen. 

I, Captain Westwood Armistead, of the County of Elizabeth 
City do hereby in order to dispose of my worldly Estate make 
this my last Will & Testament in manner following. 

Imprimis. I give and bequeath unto my loving wife the use 
& property of these five Negroes named Ceasar, JefTery, CofTe, 
Davie, & Rachel, during her natural life, with full power at any 
time, while she is living, or by will at her death, to give and dis- 
pose of them as my said wife pleases to any one or more of my 
three Children or to either of their heirs. 

The Armistead Family 295 

Item. I give to my Said Wife one Feather Bed and furniture 
at her choyce, also my Grey Horse & Black Mare. 

Item. I give to my Said wife the use of my Land and Plan- 
tation I purchased from my Brother Anthony, with full power 
to cutt down and sell timber for the payment of all my debts and 
after that is done, then further to cut down and sell ye said 
Timber until she has raised two hundred pounds current money 
of Virginia, which said two hundred pounds I give to my wife 
and my two Daughters Elizabeth and Mary. 

Item. ]\Iy Will and desire is that all the negroes that I shall 
hereafter give my two Daughters shall work and be employed 
with those I have given my wife in getting and carrying the said 
Timber to market, and that for the time they are employed, in 
raising the money sufficient to discharge my debts, that my said 
wife or any Guardian to my said Daughters shall not be account- 
able for any profits from the said slaves. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Westwood (after 
my said wife has made and raised the above sums of money) all 
that Tract and Plantation of Land I purchased of my brother 
Anthony containing four hundred and sixty and eight acres, and 
to the heirs of his body lawfully begotten forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my said son these followin<^ 
Slaves named Minne, Andrew, Pompey, Jeffery, Ben & Peter 
to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. I give my said son my silver watch. 

Item. I give to my said son six heiffers six Ewes and two 

Item. I give my said son twelve silver spoons. 

Item. I give my Daughter Elizabeth these slaves named 
Lucy, Frank, Jack, Nan, Phoebe, and Tom, and to her heirs 

Item. I give my said Daughter my largest looking Glass. 

Item. I give to my daughter Mary these Slaves named Judy, 
Will, Charles, Beck, Nelly, to her and her heirs forever. 

Item. My will and desire is that if either of my Daughters 
should die before they come of age or marry, that then the slaves 

296 The Armistead Family 

& other estate of that child so dying and heretofore given them 
by this will shall be equally divided between each of my sur- 
viving children. 

Item. I give the use of all my remaining plate to my wife 
and full power to her to dispose of it to^ my children as she thinks 

Item. My will and desire is that all the remaining part of 
my estate not given by this will, shall be equally divided between 
my wife and two daughters. 

Item. I do hereby constitute and appoint my loving wife Ex- 
ecutrix to this my will & Colonel John Tabb & Anthony Armi- 
stead Executors. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal 
this ninth day of February Anno Domini 1756. 

Westwood Armistead. 

Sealed, & Delivered Published & Declared in the Presence ^f 
John Tabb 
Hannah Tabb 
John Frazier, 

The Will of Westwood Armistead, Son of Captain West- 
wood Armistead and Mary Tabb, his Wife. 

In the name of God Amen. I Westwood Armistead of the 
County of Elizabeth City do hereby in order to dispose of my 
Worldly Estate make this my last Will and Testament in man- 
ner & form following 

Imprimis. I give unto my son Robert Armistead the plan- 
tation where on I live lying on Back River containing four hun- 
dred and fifty acres, to him & his Heirs forever. 

Item. I give to my Son Robert Armistead the Plantation 
lying on Back River which adjoins the Lands of Thomas Kirby 
and Charles Miles Collier, Orphans — containing by Estimate 
twoi hundred and sixty acres to him and his Heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath unto my Son Robert Armistead 
my young black mare. 

The Armistead Family 297 

Item. I give unto my son Robert Armistead six young cows 
& two yoke of Steers to be at his on choice. 

Item. I give to my son Westwood Armistead four hundred 
and sixty & eight acres of Land lying on Sawyer's Swamp & 
known by the name of Ridge Land to him & his Heirs forever. 

Item, it is my desire that the following negroes be equally 
divided between my sons Robert Armistead & Westwood Armi- 
stead to wit Pompey, Nat, George, Peter, Abram, Jeffery, Charles, 
Nanny, Rachel, Dolly, Lucy, Grace, Sukey, with their increase. 

Item. The remaining part of my Estate not given by th-s 
"Will, it is my desire thai the same be sold to the best advantage 
& after my just debts are paid ofif, the remaining money arising 
from the said sale be equally divided between my Sons Robert 
Armistead and Westwood Armistead. 

Item. If my sons Robert Armistead & Westwood xA-rmi- 
stead should either of them die before they come of age or marry 
it is my will and desire that the survivor take the Estate of the 
deceased & I give the same to the survivor and his Heirs forever. 

Item. I do hereby appoint my wife Mary Armistead Execu- 
trix & my Son Robert Armistead Executor of this my last Will 
& Testament in Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand 
and Seal this i8th day of January one thousand seven hundred 
& eighty two. 

■ _ Westwood Armistead. 

[Seal.] ■ 

Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of 

Edward Allen 

Robert Kirby 

James Dixon. 

The Will of Elizabeth Westwood, Wife of 83. Anthony 


In the name of God Amen. I, Elizabeth Armistead of Eliza- 
beth City County, being sick and weak in body but of perfect 
sense and memory, thanks be to Almighty God for the same, do 
constitute and appoint this to be my last will and Testament in 

298 The Armistead Family 

manner and Form as Follows; and after my Just Debts and 
Funeral Charges are paid, I give the Remaining Part of my 
Estate as Follows — 

Imprimis. I give unto my loving Son Westwood Armistead 
my negro man named Sampson, my Copper Kettle & my Large 
Looking Glass, to him & his Heirs for ever. 

I give unto my loving son Anthony Armistead my Silver 
Tankard, Silver Salt* and Brandy Still, to him & his Heirs for- 

I give unto my Grand Daughters Elizabeth and Mary Allen, 
Daughters of John Allen all the Remaining part of my Silver 
plate to be equally Divided Between them, To them and their 
Heirs forever. 

I give unto my aforesaid Grand Daughters Elizabeth Allen 
Six black Cain chairs & Walnut oval Table To her and her Heirs 

I give unto my daughter Sarah Smelt, Ten pounds Current 
money to be paid her when she comes to Lawful age or married 
& in case she dies before, my will is that it be divided Between 
my loving Son Anthony Armistead & my Daughter Hannah 
i^llen. And lastly I give my Remaining part of my Estate (viz) 
negroes. Household goods. Stock, money & what debts are due to 
me to be equally Divided Between my Loving Son Anthony 
Armistead and my Loving Daughter Hannah Allen. To thera 
and their heirs for ever. 

I constitute and appoint my Loving Son Anthony Armistead 
and Mr. John Allen to be my Executors of this my Last wall & 
Testament. In \\'itness whereof I have hereunto Set my hand 
& seal this the 28th day of September 1750. 

Elizabeth Armistead. 

Signed, sealed, and acknowledged in presence of 

Margaret Hunter 

Judith Robinson 

R. A, Armistead 

*This silver salt was a solid silver cross, nine inches long by six 
inches wide and a half inch thick, with silver cups on the four ends for 

salt. It descended to Robert Augustine Armistead. 

The Armistead Family 299 

The Will of Robert Armistead, Sen. 

In the name of God Amen, I Robert Armistead Sen"" of Eliz- 
abeth City County being- sick and weak in body, but of sound and 
disposing mind do make and ordain this to be my last Will & 
Testament in manner & Form following : 

Imprimis. I give & bequeath unto my Daughter Elizabeth 
Armistead the following slaves to wit — Yellow Bob, Jeflfery, 
Sucky, Wocly, Mildy, Jack, Big Beck & her child Phillis, little 
Fanny, Sal & :\Iilly — the said negroes to be hired out annually 
by my Executors hereafter named and the money arising from 
the Hire of the said slaves to be paid to my loving mother Eliza- 
beth Armistead during her life for the especial Purpose of sup- 
porting herself and my Daughter Elizabeth Armistead. 

Item, my will and desire is that all my Lands — Slaves and 
personal Estate of every Kind excepting the slaves above named 
be kept together during my mother's life and during the Widow- 
hood of my loving- Wife Ann Armistead for their mutual Bent- 
fit and Advantage and after my mother's Death and the IMarriage 
of my Wife, I give and devise my lands in the County and my 
lands lying in York County to my son William Armistead to 
him &; his Heirs for Ever ; but in case my Wife Should marry I 
lend unto her during her natural life one third part of my lands 
and one Third Part of all my negroes except those above named. 

Item. I give unto my son William Armistead ten negroes of 
those that may remain after my Wife's one Third is taken out, 
to be hired out for his Benefit and Advantage, and the Remainder 
of the negroes to be equallv divided between my said Son Wil- 
liam and Elizabeth Armistead. and it is my furthur will and 
Desire that after my Mother's Death and the Death of my Wife, 
that all my negroes including those given to my daughter Eliza- 
beth Armistead and those given to my son William Armistead 
should be equally divided between my said Son & Daughter to 
them and their heirs for Ever. 

Item. It is my Will and Desire after the death of my Mother 
and the marriage of mv wife that mv Stock of everv Kind & 

300 The Armistead Family 

Household and Kitchen Furniture and Plantation utensils be 
sold and the money arising from the sale thereof together with 
all the money due me in the State of North Carolina, I give and 
bequeath all said money to my Daughter Elizabeth Armistead. 
The money due me in North Carolina I devise may be collected 
immediately — all the aforesaid money I request that it may be 
placed in the Treasury of Virginia and the Interest there of to 
be applied to the support of my said Daughter Elizabeth until 
she comes of age or marries and then she is to draw both the 
principal and interest. 

Item. I devise that all the money due me in this County or 
as much of it as shall be sufficent be supplied in the first place 
to the payment of my Just Debts and the Balance that may be 
remaining I give unto my son William Armistead. 

In case my Daughter Elizabeth Armistead should die before 
she comes of age or marries then & in that case I give unto my 
son William Armistead all the property that I have already de- 
vised to her and in case my son William Armistead should die 
before he arrives to the age of twenty one years it is my Desire 
that all the property which I have given to him should be given 
to my said Daughter Elizabeth Armistead and to their Heirs for 

Si. Lastly I nominate and appoint Col. Jno. Cary, Mr. Rob- 
ert Armistead Son of William Armistead, Sheldon Moss & John- 
son Tabb to be Executors of this my last Will and Testament 
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal this 
1 2th Day of November 1792. 

RoBT. Armistead. 
[Red Seal.] 

Signed, sealed, published and declared to be the Testator's 
last will in Presence of 

Johnson Tabb 

Thos. Baker Armistead 

William Armistead 

Miles King 

1000 lbs. Bond as security. 

The Armistead Family 301 

It is supposed that son William named in above will married 
Priscilla (d. 1825) and had Robert Henry Armistead of Wil- 
liamsbyrg, Va. 

The Will of Robert Armistead, Father of Robert 
Augustus Armistead. 

In the name of God amen I Robert Armistead of the County 
of Eliz fh City being in perfect health and of sound disposinj^ 
mind and memory do in order to dispose of Estate make and 
ordain this Instrument of writing to be my last will and Testa- 
ment in manner and form following: 

I lend to my wife Elizabeth Armistead during her natural life 
all my Estate both real and personal, except as hereinafter ex- 
cepted to be kept together and employed for the purpose of sup- 
porting herself and my unmarried children, and to assist in clear- 
ing my estate from Debt. I also authorise my said wife to take 
from the plantation called the Ridge Land which descended to 
me by the death of my Brother, any Timber for Staves or to have 
cut up, at the Saw Mill or otherwise for the purposes aforesaid: 
the exceptions above alluded to are that my Said Wife is not to 
have any right or interest in the Slaves hereby given to my Son 
Westwood S. Armistead to my son Thomas S. Armistead 
and to my daughter Alaria Crawford, nor in the one third 
of the fifty acres of Land given to my Son Westwood S. 
Armistead : or the Bay Tree Tract of Land given to my Son 
Thomas S. Armistead — 

I give to my Son Westwood S. Armistead Two negroes named 
Charley & Lockey now in his possession also one third part cf 
the fifty acres of Land purchased from the Trustees of the Hamp- 
ton Academy to him and his Heirs for Ever. 

I give to my Son Thomas S. Armistead my Plantation lying 
in the County of York Known and Called by the name of the 
Bay Tree Tract of Land, containing three hundred and thirteen 
acres more or less ; also a portion of my Lott in the Town of 
Hampton having a front on Kings Street of Eighty feet bounded 
on the north by the Lot of his Brother Westwood S. Armistead, 

302 The Armistead Family 

and Southerly by the remaining portion of my Lot hereafter given 
to his Brother Robert Augustus Armistead, & running back west- 
erly the full Depth of my Said Lot, and one third of the fifty 
acres of Land purchased from the Trustees of the Hampton 
Academy together with a negro man named Manuel and a Boy 
named Yellow Charles, to him and his heirs for ever. 

I give to my Son Robert Augustus Armistead a Tract of Land 
called the Ridge Land lying in the County of Elis th City which 
descended to me by the Death of my Brother, also my Mill Seats 
and their improvements together with my House and the remain- 
ing undivided portion of my Lot in the Town of Hampton, 
bounded north by the Lot hereby given to his Brother Thomas S. 
Armistead. Easterly on Kings Street & Southerly by Queen 
Street, riming back the full Depth of my Lott also one third of 
the fifty acres of Land purchased from the Trustees of the 
Hampton Academy and the piece of Land divided & assigned to 
me under a Decree of the Court of Elizabeth City : out of the 
Land formerly belonging to the Estate of Henry Jenkins Dec'd 
and a negro Boy named Tom to be put to learn a Trade & ac- 
counted foT at Such valuation in the general division of my 
Estate. The aforesaid Property is given to my Said Son Robert 
Augustus Armistead and his Heirs forever, provided and on 
the express condition that he permits his single and unmarried 
Sisters to have use and enjoy a Decent and Convenient portion of 
the House & Lott in Hampton, hereby given to him during the 
term of their remaining Single and unmarried : 

I hereby give to my Single and unmarried Daughters namely 
Louisa Y. Armistead, Hellen S. Armistead, Emilly S. Armistead 
& Harriet Armistead the undisturbed right & privilege to use 
. and enjoy during the term of their remaining Single and un- 
married, a Decent & convenient portion of the House & Lott in 
Hampton hereby given to their Brother Robert Augustus Armi- 
stead, and in order to prevent any misunderstanding as to Such 
portion of the House & Lot my Executors are to decide & make 
if necessary Such assignment. 

I give to my Daughter Maria Crawford a Negro Boy named 

The Armistead Family 303 

Randolph and a Girl named Clary, valued by me at five hundred 
Dollars, to be accounted for at such valuation in the general 
division to her and her Heirs forever. 

I give to my Daughter Emilly S. Armistead a negro woman 
named Rachel and her Daughter named Rose, to be valued and 
accounted for in the general division to her and her heirs forever 
If my Said Daughter Emilly Should die before She arrives to 
Lawful age or marries I desire my executors to permit the Said 
Two Slaves to make choice of Such of my Daughters as they 
may want to belong to to be valued and accounted for. 

In all cases where a valuation is to be made, I authorise my 
executors if they are alive or either of them, to make Such valua- 

My further will and desire is that whereas it may so happen 
that at the Death of my Said Wife Elizabeth Armistead Some 
of my Daughters may at that time be Single and unmarried and 
my two youngest children not Educated and thereby left too 
suddenly unprovided for, having regard to their peculiar situa- 
tion, Should a general division of my Estate take place at that 
time, and in order to provide for Such an event the following 
Slaves to wit. George, by Trade — Blacksmith and Negro Girl 
named Liza with her future increase be considered, and is hereby 
given as a Specific Gift and Legacy to my Single and unmarried 
Daughters before mentioned : To wit, Louisa Y. Armistead, Helen 
S. Armistead, Emily S. Armistead & Harriet Armistead, so long, 
and during the term of their or either of their remaining Single 
& unmarried : this Gift being considered a conditional one, it 's 
understood to be my will that, in the event of all my Daughters 
marrying or after the Death of Such of them as do not marry, 
that then the Slaves aforesaid with the increase are to be equally 
divided between my Daughters & their Heirs and my Son 
Robert Augustus Armistead and his Heirs forever and whereas 
it may happen that my Daughters that are now single may wish 
when ever a Division of the Slaves aforesaid takes place to make 
a choice among themselves of those Slaves or their Increase, my 
will is that they or either of them be permitte'd to^ make Such 

304 The Armistead Family 

selection by accounting for a fair Valuation, giving the privi- 
ledge of Such selection to my oldest Single Daughter Louisa first 
and So on according to age, among the rest of my Said Daugh- 
ters — 

My will and desire is that if my wife Elizabeth Armistead 
Should die before my two youngest children are Educated and 
my Estate clear of Debt, that my Surviving Executor do keep 
my Estate together for the purpose of raising funds to pay off 
my Debts, and finishing the Education of my Said two youngest 
children, or So much of my Estate as may be Sufficient for that 

After the death of my Said wife & my Debts paid ofif & a 
Suitable revenue or provision made for the Education of Twd 
Young Children aforesaid : I desire & it is my will that all my 
Personal Estate not otherwise appropriated and disposed of, be 
equally divided between all my Daughters & their Heirs & my 
Son Robert Augustus Armistead ; to them and their Heirs for- 

I do hereby appoint my wife Elizabeth Armistead and my Son 
Westwood S. Armistead Executors to this my last will and Tes- 
tament, Revoking all others heretofore made and, I earnestly re- 
quest of the Court that they will not compell my Said Execu- 
tors to give Security for their Executorship. 

I do hereby appoint and assign my Executors aforesaid to 
be the Guardians of my infant Children untill they arrive to the 
age of Twenty one years. In witness whereof, I have hereunto 
Set my hand and affixed my Seal this first day of May, 1817: 
in order that the proper Construction to this my will may be 
made as to the life estate of my wife Eliz^ Armistead. 

It is understood to be my will and meaning that she has her 
life Estate in the Boy Yellow Charles given to my Son Thomas 
S. Armistead : also to the Lot & portion of the fifty acres of 
Land also given to my Said Son Thomas, also her life Estate in 
the Slaves hereby given to my Daughter Emilly S. Armistead — 
in addition to the life Estate in the property mentioned and ex- 
pressed in the first clause of this my will to my said wife. In 

The Armistead Family 305 

further Testimony & In witness whereof I have hereunto Set my 
hand and affixed my Seal this first day of May 181 7. 

Robert Armistead [Seal]. 

Signed Sealed published & declared in the presence of 
Elijah Smith 
Thos. T. Young 
Henry H. Elliott 
Wm. Face. 

Note. — He died suddenly August 31, 181 7, age fifty-one 
years and twenty-two days. His youngest child, Robert Augus- 
tus Armistead, was nine years old. 


Armistead. — 
A. A., 240. 
Abiah, 72. 
Addie, 98. 

Addison Bowles, 62. 
A. D. Hunt, 240. 
Agnes Gordon, 69. 
Ajax, 276. 
Alexander, 124. 
Alice, 98. 

Amanda Dewees, 124. 
Amanda E., 103. 
Almarine, 99-102. 
Ann Elizabeth Harrison, 275. 
Ann, 80, 97, 98, 132. 
Anna, 47. 124. 
Anderson, 98. 
Andrew Dewees, 123. 
Anne Harrison, 169. 
Annie Smith, 72. 
Anthony, 17, 19, 30, 109, m, 112, 

218, 245. 
Arianna, 97. 
Arabella Dobbin, 54, 240. 

Benjamin P., 245. 
Blanche. 97. 
Bookplate, 18. 
Booth, 230. 
Bowles, 49, 53. 

Carl Merriwether, 92. 

Carrie, 125. 

Charles Carter, 53. 

Catherine, 'j2, 231. 

Charles James, 97. 

Charley, 102. 

Charlotte County, 27. 

Christopher Hughes, 63. 69. 

Churchill, 47. 

Clara, 124. 

Cornelia, (£. 

Courtney Warner Selden, 69. 

Cranage Hall, 27. 

Cumberland Co., 89. 

Currill, 47, 

Daniel, 79. 

Daniel Webster, 68. 

Dora Virginia, 75. 

Armistead. — • 
Dora, 124. 
Dorothy, 47, 48, 78, 79. 

Edward Bow.cs, 66. 

Edwin, 124. 

Edmund Randolph, 62. 

Edward Winston, 274. 

Egbert, 103. 

Eleanor Bowles, 53, 62, 69. 

Ellen, 97, 124. 

Ellen Barker. 93. 

Ellen Forsyth, 54. 

EUiason, 231. 

Eliza Trueheart, 97, 98. 

Elizabeth, 22, 30, 39, 115, 116. 

Ehza, 54, 125, 258. 

Elizabeth Baker, 75 

Elizabeth Frank, 66! 

Elizabeth Lee, 241. 

Elizabeth Marshall, 69. 

Elizabeth Smith, 119. 

Emily, 163. 

Emily Smith, 158. 

Eugene Douglas, 245. 

Euphon, 225. 

Eva, 124. 

Erza Powell & Family, loi. 

Fabian, 275. 

Fanny Wilson, 97. 

Fontaine, 54. 

Frances, 62, 75, 102. 

Frances Carter,' 69. 

Francis, 47, 79, 82, 87. 

Francis Mennis, 226. 

Franklin, 243. 

Frank Stanley, 66, 68. 

Georgiana Louisa Frances Gillis, 

George, 62, 69, 102. 

George Col., d^- 

George Graham, 54, 239. 

George G., 75. 

George Harrison, 168. 

George Reade, 79, 87. 

George Washington, 54, 75. 

George W., 167. 

Gill, 221. 

Gus Henry, 75. 



Armistead. — 

Hannah, 112, 115. 

Harriet M., 96. 

Harriet Savage, 158. 

Harriet Pendleton, 96. 

Hebe, 62. 

Henry, 30, 31. 48. 49. 54- 

Henry Cole, 75. 

Henry M., 95. 

Henry Marshall, 69. 

Henrietta, 125. 

Henry Tabb, 227. 

Isaac Coles, 54. 
Isaac Fontaine, 75. 
Isabella, 239. 

Jacob D. ^Mitchell, 96. 

James, 92, 97, 98, 102. 

James Anderson's Family, 102. 

James Baker, 75. 

James Monroe, 98. 

James Ryan, 69. 

James Woods, 94. 

Jane, 53, 54. 

Jabez Jubal's Family, 100. 

Jean Sinclair, 235. 

Jennie, 97. 

Jessie, 99, 102. 

Jessie Scott, 96, 97. 

Joel C, 102. r 

John, 19, 2:2, 29, 42, 47, 49, 62, 90, 

96. 98, 99, 102, 124, 218, 222, 

23s, 240. 
John Baylor, 62, 69. 
John Clayton Line, 273. 
John Grant, 162. 
John Kimball, 241. 
John of New Kent, 219. 
John Oliver Dr., 91. 
John Patterson, 79. 
John Royster, 273. 
John Rev., 27. 
Joshephine, 124. 
Joseph, 92. 
Joseph D., 245. 
Joseph M., 95. 
Joseph Robert, 244. 
Joyc^ 47. 

Judith, 22, 30, 47, 53, 112. 
Julia Woods. 93. 
Justina C, 96. 

Kate Winston, 75. 
Katherine Penn, 96. 

Armistead. — 
Keith, 68. 
Kimbriel R., 102. 
Land Grants, 113. 
Louis Addison, 66, 68, 69. 
Lewis Carter, 240. 
Lewis G., 62. 

Lewis Gustavus Adolphus, 66, 
Livery, 28. 
Lizzie Baker, 54. 
Lou, 97. 
Louis L., 94. 
Loula, 240. 
Louisa, 62. 
Luc:/, 48, 53, 79, 102. 
Lucy Ann, 98. 
Lucy Boyd, 228. 
Lucy Clairborne, 96. 
Lucy Grant, 163. 
Lucy Harrison, 274. 
Lucinda Stanley Gillis, 66. 
Maria Page, 97, 98. 
Marion Gordon, 70. 
Marcus Aurlelius Line, 274. 
Margaret Hughes, 63. 
Martha, 54, 96, 97. 
Martha Burwell, 55. 
Martha Henry, 75. 
Mary, 47, 48, 53, 62, 63, 102, 125, 

236, 240, 249. 
Mary Ann, 54. 
Mary Beverly, 161. 
Mary Catherine Adair, 75. 
Mary Elizabeth, 231. 
Mary Frances, 54. 
Mary Louisa, 172. 
Mary Lucenia, 169. 
Mary Morris, 69. 
Mary Robina, 93. 
Mary Shield, 235. 
Mary Susan, 75. 
Mary Todd, 124. 
Mary Theora, 94. 
Mary Walker, 66. 
Meeta, 246. 

Michael and Thomas. 21. 
Moseley. 227. 
Moss, 225. 

Nancy Ann, 239. 

Nannie, 98. 

Nannie Barrie. 75. 

Nancy Minor Merriwether, 93. 

Nancy Miller, 97. 



Armistead. — 

Nannie Palmore, 98. 
Nancy Todd, 119. 

Owen, 125. 

Patrick Henry, 54. 

Peter Fontaine, 54, 75. 

Prince Edward County, 89. 
Priscilla, 257. 

Ralph, 19, 78. 
Richard, 80. 257. 

Robert, 28, 48, 53, 54, 55, 62, 90, 
III, 151, 157, 222, 225. 226, 231, 


Robert, will of, 223. 224. 

Robert Alexander, M. D., 279. 

Robert Augustus, 151. 

Robert Augustus. Jr., 169. 

Robert Booth. 231. 

Robert Burbage. 227. 
Robert's Bible Record. 118,, 

Robert Lee, 75. 

Robert Lewis, 92. 

Robert Lewis, Jr., 92. 

Robert Morris,' 69. 

Robert Starkey, 241. 

Robert S., 245. 

Robert Traves, 227. 

Rufus, 102. 

Samuel, 95. 
Samuel Gordon, 70. 
Sam.uel Watts, 235. 
Sarah, 53. 

Sarah Madison, 96. 
Sir George, 28. 
Starkey, 258. 
Stanley, 69. 
Stella, 278. 
Susannah, 220. 
Susan Gordon, 69. 
Susan Jordan, 248. 
Susan Peyton, 63. 

Therese, 98. 
Thomas, ^2, 102, 125. 
Thomas Alexander, 125. 

Thomas Baker, 134. 
Thomas Buckner, 79, 87. 
Thomas, Dr., 97. 
Thomas Alacon, 102. 
Thomas R., 99, loi, 
Thomas Savage, 160. 
Thomas Smith, 123, 158. 

Armistead. — 

Victor D., 245. 

Virgil, 99. 

Virginia, 54. 

Virginia Baylor, 66, 69. 

Walker Keith, 62, 66, 68. 
West Humphreys, 93. 
Westwood, 116, 124, 240. 
Wilbur Teackle, 179. 
Westwood Smith, 182. 
William, 17, 19, 22, 30, 31, 38. 

47, 48, 49, 62, 90, 98, III, 115, 

222, 227, 228. 
William Anderson, 98. 
Willie Ann, 62. 
William Anthony, M. D., 246. 

Bible Record of 
William, 246. 
William B., 53, 54. 
William Bowles, 75. 
William Boyd, 228. 
William Blair, 92. 
William, Capt., 240. 
William Cobbs, 92. 
William Henry, 240. 
William M., 244. 
Westwood Smith, 119. 
William Southall Harrison, 168. 
William Westwood, 243. 
Wirt Mayo, 169. 
Wilson Gary, 62. 

Abert, Maria Barry, 264. 
Adams, Thomas P., 239. 

Alexander. — 
Anne, 78. 

c, 54. 

Edward Porter, 70. 
Allen, Mary Ann, 86. 
Allerton. Isaac, 29. 
Ambler, John, Col, 222. 

Anderson. — 

Frances, 230. 

Keziah, 99. 

James, 43. 

Lucenia, 167. 

Mary Tomlin, 43. 

Robert C., Rev., 96. 
Andrews, Thomas McDonough, 93. 
Appleton. — 

Alice Maud, 'J2. 

Eben, 71. 



Appleton. — 

Edith Stuart, 71. 
Eleanor Armistead, 71. 
Dorothy Everard, 71. 
Georgiana Louisa Frances Armi- 
stead, 71. 
Gladys Hughes, 71. 
Julia Frances, 68. 
Louisa Armistead, 71. 
Margaret Armistead, 72. 
Marjorie Crane, 71. 
William Sumner, 71. 
William Stuart, 63. 
Archer Family, 209. 

Sarah. 245. 
Armorial Families Legal Arms, 

Arnett, Fred B.. 75. 
Arnold, Robinson, 72. 
Ashton, Sarah B., 126. 
Augustine, Elizabeth, 160. 
Aylmer, Justinian, Rev., 75. 
Baker. — 
Appleton Lawrence, 72. 
Caroline Frances, 72. 
Edith Appleton, ^2. 
George Livingston, 72. 
Mary, 222. 

IMildred Armistead, "72. 
Richard. 135. 
Bailey. Diana Wallace, 230. 
Ball. — 

Elizabeth, Mrs., 54. 
Jeduthan, 53. 
Williamson, 42. 
Barnes, Mary, 120. 
Barton, 72. 
Bassett. — 
Elizabeth, 41. 
William, 40. 
Batchelor Line. — 

Joseph B.. 259. 
Battaile, John, 191. 
Baylor, Lucy, 62. 
Baxter, Sidney bmith. 120. 
Beard, Drucilla, 99, 102. 
Benbury, Mary, 249. 
Berkeley. — • 
Carter, Dr., 47. 
Edmund, Col., 54. 
Eliza, 41. 
Thomas Nelson, 41. 

Bernard, Anne, 78. 
Biddle, Robert, 53. 
Blackburn, John, 42. 
Blackwell, Bettie, 42. 
Blankingship, Oliver Frances, M. 

D., 210. 
Blanton, — 

Charles A., Dr., V- 

Judith Ann, 98. 

Philip, Dr., T]. 

Prescott, 97. 
Boiling, Archibald, 98. 
Booker, Patsy, 225. 
Booth. — 

George Wythe, 48, 83, 86. 

Harriet Allen, 87. 

Mordecai, 48. 

Thomas, 48, 86. 
Borrughs. — 

William M., Dr., 242. 

Elizabeth, 241. 
Bowles, Mai-y, 49. 
Boswell, Betsy, 47. 
Boyd, Lucy. 228. 
Bradford, John, 6^. 

Frances S.. 54. 

Henry T., 239. 
Braxton. — 

Corbin, 42. 43. 

Carter. 37. 

Emma T., 42. 

Fanny Churchill, 42. 

George, zi- 43- 

Catherine Span, 42. 

Kate, 42. 

Mary Armistead, 42. 
Bridges, Susan, 125. 
Brocchus, Edmund Filhugh. 2,59. 
Brown. — 

J. Luther. 235. 

W. A. A., 141. ■ 
Browne, William Burnett. 38. 
Buckner. — 

Anne, 86. 

Elizabeth, 78, 80. 

Thomas Maj., 83. 
Butler, Susanna. 70. 
Bryant, James D., 242. 
Buckroe, iii. 
Bugg, R. T., 75- 
Burgess, Elizabeth, 53. 



Bur WELL. — 

Elizabeth, 45, 47, 74. 

James, 48. 

Lewis, 32. 

Martha, 72. 

Nathaniel, 32, 45, 47. 

Thacker. 221. 
Byrd. — 

Anne, 36. 

Thomas T., 53. 

Wdlliani Col., 47. 
Cabell. — 

Emma, 82. 

Joseph, 23. 

Polly, -33. 
C.-^LTHROPE Notes, 216, 217. 
Capehart, Susan, 246. 
Carr, Joseph G.. 66. 
Carroll. — 

Richard, 53. 

Eva, 128. 
Carter. — 

Annie B., 62. 

Annie. 73. 

Annie Hill, 46. 

Armistead, 62. 

Bernard Moore. 47. 

Charles, 33, 46. 

Edward, 72. 

Elizabeth, 32, 41, 44, 45, 47. 

Frances, 62. 

George, 33. 

John, 32. 34, 46. 

Judith. 32, 44, 45. 53. 

Kate Spotswood, 47. 

London, 62. 

Lucy, 47. 

Mary, 43. 

Mary Walker, 43. 

Maria, 25, 26, 49. 

Parke, 33. 

Robert, Dr., 73. 

Robert, 31, 33, 40. 

Williams, 47. 

Williams Lee, 73. 
Carrington, Isaac Howell, Col. 
Cary Family, 263. 
Cary. — 

Gloucester, 267. 

Anne, 32, 271. 

Eliza Smith, 267. 

Gill Armistead. Col.. 264. 

John Baytop, 264. 

Cary. — 

John Reid, 267. 

Miles, 115. 

Nathaniel Robert, M. D., 264. 

Richard Miles, 265. 

Samuel C, 268. 

Thomas Archibald, 264. 

Gate Line. 

James H., 169. 

Annie Armistead, i6g. 
Caskie, Mary, Mrs., 222. 

Catlett. — 

James, 266, 

John. 38. 

IVIaria Breckinridge^ 43. 

Sally Brown, 74. • 
Chancellor, Rush Wallace, M. D. 

Chambliss, Theodoric James, 124. 

John, 38. 

Sarah, 47. 

Chesrown, Elias, 88. 
Chick, Lucy A., 99. 
Chilton, R. H., Gen., 234. 
Chismon. — 

Edmund, 195. 

John, 195. 

Thomas, 89. 
Chiswell. — 

John, 56. 

Lucy, 55. 
Christl^n. — 

Lucy C, 44. 

Robert, 227. 

Walter, 44. 
Church, Harry T., 72. 
Churchill. — 

Armistead, 40, 41. 

Benjamin, 41. 

Elizabeth, 41. 

Hannah, 41. 

Judith, 41. 

Lucy, 41. 

Mary, 41, 47. 

Nathaniel, 41. 

Priscilla, 40, 41. 

Thomas, 41. 

William, 31, 38, 40, 41. 
Clanton, 54. 
Clayton, Elvira, 220. 



Cleve, 36. 

Cleve, Ann. 53. 

Clock, Elizabeth Hadley, 9^. 


Frances, 95. 

Mary Lewis, 91. 
Cocke. — 

Edmund R., Capt., 53. 

Preston, 53. 

Thomas P. L., 53. 

William Armistead, 53. 

William Fauntleroy, 53. 

William, 25, 53. 
Collier. — 

Alice, 55. 

Thomas Barksdale, 55. 

W. Armistead, 5. 
Constable, Joan, 83. 
Cormick, Frances Henley. 140. 
Cooke. — 

John C, Mrs., 244. 

Mary, 48. 

Mordecai, 83. 


James Duval, 120. 
Lousia Todd, 120. 
Sidney Mathews Baxter, 120. 
Cowley Line, Stephen. 279. 
Crawford, William, 121. 
Creecy, Joshua Skinner, 249. 
Crouch, Thomas Leiper, 235. 
Crump, James Dobson, 98. 
Cubreath, M. F., 99. 
Cum MING. — 

Hugh Smith, 203. 
Samuel Gordon, 203. 
Dabney, Benjamin, 53, 55. 
Dandridge. — 
Eleanor, 272. 
Lavinia, 272. 
Sianna, 222. 
William, 222. 
Dangerfield. John, Col., 62. 
Daniel, Ezekiel, 99. 
Deans, Rosamund Lilly, 82 
DeButts, 62. 
Deighton Kirk, 17. 
Dewees, Amanda, 123. 
Dickson Excursus, 131, 132. 
Dickson, Carroll Julia, 129. 
Dickson, Mallory, 127. 


DiGGS. — 

Elizabeth, 74. 
Diidley, 52. 


Charles Russell 
R. S. Donelson. 

Dorsey Line, 184. 
Dorsey Eleanor. 83. 
Drew, Mary Cary, 258. 
Dudley, George, 48. 
Dulaney, Rosier, 62. 
Duval, Benjamin, 120. 
Edloe Notes, 277. 
Edwards, Charles Page, 120. 
Eldridge, Pattie, 240. 
Eleason, William, 62. 
Elizabeth City County. 106. 
Elliot, Anthony, Col., 75. 
Ellsey, Margaret, 228. 

Ellzey. — 
Graham, M. D., 144. 
Mrs., 141. 
Thomas Louis, 144. 

Eltonhead, Eleanor, 34. 
Eskeridge. Vernon, Rev., 
Falkner, Elizabeth, 99. 
Fetherstone, Sallie Jones 
Feild Family, 246. 
Feild. Thomas Littlejohn 
Ferrant, Lilly. 128. 
Fetter, Frederick, Rev.. 250 
Fitch, 68. 

Fithugh, Henry, 37. 
Fitzpatrick, Elmore G.. 228. 
Fisher, Marie. 88. 
Flippen, Frances Anne, 98. 
Fowler, 72. 
Foster Line. 164. 

Fontaine. — 
Alice Virginia, 239. 
Mary, 53. 
Rosalie, 162. 

Forrester, Fanny, 2-^9. 
Forsyth, Jane, 54, 239. 
Fouchee. Charlotte, 47, y^- 
Freeman, Edwin J., 124. 
Gahnall, Felica, 256. 
Garber, A. W., 164. 
Garlick, Henrietta, 42. 
Garrett, Florence W., 121. 







Philip, 228. 

William Armistead, 228. 
George, Enoch, 226. 
George F. Tudor Sherwood Armi- 
stead Manuscript, 20. 
Gett3% Mary, 123. 
Gibson. Patrick H., 270. 
Gill. Miss., 219. 
Gillis, Dr., 62. 
Gladstone, 28. 
Glynn, Jane, 34. 
Goldthwait, Robert, 228. 
Gordon. — 

Agnes Campbell, 69. 

Alexander, 69. 

Armistead Churchill, 43. 

James, 43. 

John. 43. 

William Fitzhugh, 43. 
Gorsuch, Ann, 83. 
Gochnauer, Aubrey Clarence, 69. 
Grant Line, 159. 
Grant. — 

Anne Elizabeth, 160. 

Lucy Anne, 159 

Walter E., 160. 
Grady. — 

Agnes Gordon. 70. 

Cuthbert Powell, 69. 

Susan Ryan, 70. 
Gray, Young A., 54. 
Gravatt, J. J., Rev., 222. 
Green. — 

Duff. 142. 

Henry Fay, 70. 
Gwyns, 78. 

GWYN. — 

John, 8g. 

Lucy, 89. 
Hall, Everard, 72. 
Hall Marks on Silver. 281, 282. 
Hampton Academy, 267. 

Harrison. — 

Ann, 62/ 

Anne Maria. 167. 

Benjamin, 2)7, 4i- 

Hannah, 40. 

Henry Kirkland, 242. 

William Southall, 167. 
Harvey. 53. 

Heindl, Louis John, 87. 

Hesse, 20, 22. 

Hill, Elizabeth, 2)2), 46. 

Hislop, Fanny, 239. 

Hodges, Thomas Edward, 125. 

Holt, Virginus T., 227. 

Hooper, Henry DeBernier, 250. 

Hope. — 

Elizabeth Sheild. 120. 

George, 132. 

James Barron. 135. 

Nancy Armistead, 120. 

Richard Booker, 119. 

Ruth Vernon. 120. 

Samuel Sheild. 120. 

Wilton. 135. 
Houston, Katherine, 168. 
Howard Family, 20, 206. '"^ 
Howell. — 

Ella, 70. 

Lewis, 62). 
Hubard, William H., 80. 
Hughes. — 

James William, 94. 

Louisa, 62,- 
Humpreys, Nancy Minor Merri- 

wether. 92. 
Hunter. — 

George M., 71. 

Isabelle C, 71. 
Hurt, Algernon S., 262. 
Hutchings, 72. 
Inglis, Mungo, 231. 
Jefferson, Thomas, 46. 
Jenkins, Mary, 117. 

Jennings. — 

Elizabeth, 91. 

William Keaton. AL D.. 235. 
Jones. — 

Churchill, 42. 

Drury Fair, 240. 
Johnson, Duke R.. 92. 
Jones. — 

James Armistead. 97. 

Lucy. 48. 

Richard Starkey, 242. 

Rosalie Fontaine, 162. 

William A.. 97. 

William, Maj., 42. 
Jones Line. — 

Thomas Catesbury, 162. 
Johnston, Ambler. 44. 



Jordan, Sarah, 246. 
Judge, Jennie, 228. 

Keeling. — 

Alice Grayson, 136. 
Edwin Dewees, 136. 
Emily Armistead, 136. 
Harry Walker, 136. 
John Edwin, 136. 
John White, 135. 
Melville Cox, 136 

Kellam, Abel Erastus, 120. 
Kennedy, John Clarke, 72. 
Kerfoot, 62. 
Key, Francis Scott, 64. 
Kicoughton. 107, 108. 
Kimball. John, 241. 

King. — 

Charles. 203. 
Frank R., 169. 
Hannah, 204. 
Henry. 140. 

Knight. — 

F. T.. 71. 

Theodora Irving, 71. 
Knox, Eliza Camella, Mrs., 228. 
Kingston Parish, 19. 
Kimball, Rebecca, 240. 
Kirby Notes, 212. 
Kolff, Dirk H. A., 72. 
Lacy, Israel, 231. 
Landon, Elizabeth, 36. 
Langbourne Notes, 271. 
Land, John R., 240. 
Lane, 81. 
Lanier. 54. 

Law, William L, M. D.. 228. 
Lawson, Mary, 48. 
Leake, William E., 161. 


Anna, 22, 47, 

Charles Carter, 47. 

Light Horse Harry, 47. 

Ludwell, 54. 

Mildred, 47. 

Sidney Smith, 47. 

Robert Edward, 47. 

William H. F., l^. 
Le Master. — 

Emma, 180. 

James Sturgus, 182. 

Le Master. — 

Nathaniel Field, 181, 182. 

William Pope, 182. 
Letters, 49, 51, 52. 
Lewis. — 

Asa M., 242. 

D. C, 140. 

John, 40. 

Margaret, Mrs., 240. 

Lightfoot, Philip, 48. 
Lilly,, Mary, 89. 
Lindsay, Elizabeth, 43. 
Lloyd. — 

Arthur S., 269. 

John, Rev., 80. 
Louther, Louise, 42. 
Love. Cecilia Lee, 68. 
Ludlow, Sarah, 32, 34. 
Madison, Nancy, 96. 
Malcolm, Susan, 99. 
Mallory Francis Col., 203. 
Mann. — 

William J., 81. 

Mary, 45. 
Marchant, 72. 
Marr, Prof, 135. 
Marshall. — 

Elizabeth Lewis. 68. 

Susan Lewis, 68. 
Mason. — 

Catherine Thompson, 234. 

Emily Rutger, 234. 

Emily Virginia, 233. 

Laura, 234. 

John Thompson, Gen., 233. 

Mary Wythe, 48. 

Thompson, 140. 

Stevens Thompson, 231, 233, 234. 
Martian, Elizabeth, 89. 
Massie, Susan Hester, 27. 
Matthew, Patrick, 248. 
McCarthy, William, 234. 
McClung, Elizabeth. 73. 
McCreery. — 

John, 141. 

John Van Lew, 142. 
McFarland, Robert, Capt., 75. 
McGhee. Mrs., 140. 
McLaughlin Notes, David Linnues, 

M. D., 214. 



McMechen, William, 53. 
McRae, Cameron F., Rev., 260. 262 
Medbury, L. H., 54 
Merriwether, Susanna, 47. 
Mills, William A.. M. D., 213. 
Mitchell. — 

Nannie Byrce, 96. 

William, 72-. 
Moale. Richard H., 53. ^ 
Moir, Eliza Baker, 233. 
Moody, 72. 
Moore. — 

E. J., 54, 240. 

Anne Butler, 46. 

Augustus, 248. 
Morris. Pegy, 91. 
Morton, William, 71. 


Edward Hack, 140. 

Elizabeth, 227. 

William, 141. 
Muir, Elizabeth, 177. 
Murphy, Elizabeth, 69. 
Neely, Dr., 55. 
Nelson Excursus, 173, 174. 175. 


Catherine Page, 55.^ 

Elizabeth Carter, 45. 

Lucy, 55.. 

Mary, 47. 73. 

Mary Chiswell, 44. 

Norbourne Thomas, 55. 

Peyton Randolph, 74. 

Robert, 74. 

Sally Berkeley,. 74. 

Thomas, 52. 55. 89. 

Thomas, Gen., 45. 

William Cowper, 175. 

Wilmer, 74. 

William, 25, 45, 55, 74. 
Newtox. — 

Hannah, 226. 

Lucy P., 44. 

Kate, 44. 

Washington Irving. Maj., 66. 

William B., 44. 

Willoughby, 44. 

Nicholas. — 
George, 45, 271. 
George, M. D., 32. 45. 
John, 45. 
Lewis, 45. 

Nicholas. — 

Philip Norbourne, 45. 

Philip Marbourne, 45. 

Robert Carter, 32, 45. 272. 

Wilson Cary, 45. 
Nicholson. — 

Robert, Dr., 74. 

Sallie Berkeley, 74. 

Francis, Gov., 48. 

James, 120. 
Nominie Hall, 36. 
Norton, Anne Cary, 62. 
Owens, Amy Mrs., 99. 
Owen, Mary, 125. 

John, 39. 

John F.. 44. 

Mann, 35, 40, 44, 45. 

Mann Jr.,. 44. 

Mary Mann, 44. 

Matthew, 45. 

Robert, 39, 44. 

Thomas Jefferson. 46. 
Palmer. Lucy, 78, 87. 
Parnell, ,28. 

Parker. — 

George Gilbert; 208. 

Gilbert, 208. 

Margaret, 208. 

William Henry. M. D.. 208. 
Parke Family, Joseph L.. 168. 
Patrick. Hannah, 226. 
Patterson, John, 81. 
Peachy, Winfred, 54. 
Peek, Eliza, 120. 
Pendleton, Edmund H., 75. 
Peyton. — 

Mary Howe, 63. 

Robert Eden, Jr.. 163. 

William Jelverton, 226. 
Phillips. — 

Elijah, 225. 

Jefferson Curie, 225. 

Rebecca, 225. 
Pierce, Caherine. 72. 
Plater, Ann, 80. 
Pleasants, John, P.. 53. 
Plummer. — 

Edward H., 260. 

John Peterson, 261. 

Starke Armistead, 260. 



Plummer Family. 
Walter G., 260. 
William T., 261. 

Plummer Line. 
William, 258. 

Pope. — 

Matthew, Dr., 116. 

Willis, 239. 
Preston, Elizabeth Randolph. 53. 
. Price. — 

Thomas, Capt., 162. 

Rev. Thomas, 26. 
Randolph. — 

Edmund, 32. 

Innis, 63. 

Isham, 2>7- 

James Innis, 63. 

Peyton, (y},. 

William, 37. 
Railey, Sadie, 182. 
Raoul, Mary Frobel, 228. 
Rawlings, Oliva Ann, 181. 
Reade. — 

Benjamin, 89. 

Dorothy, 78. 

Elizabeth, 89. 

George, 79, 202. 

Margaret, 89. 

Mildred, 89. 

Robert, 89. 

Renshaw, Robert H.. y2)- 
Reid, E. C., Dr., 75. 
Reynolds, Mattie, 75. 

Richardson. — 
Charles, 272. 
John Blair, 272. 

Righton. — 

Mary Elizabeth Moore, 248. 

Starkey Armistead Wright, 248. 
Robertson, Ware Wamwright. 136. 
Robins, William Todd. 74. 
Robinson, Christopher, 30, 81. 
Robinson Excursus, 129. 130. 
RoniNsoN. — 

Judith, 30, 115. 

Starkey, 225. 

Susan, 74. 

Rood, Robert Browning, 88. 
Rosier. J. Travis, 66. 

Rosewell, 45. 

Rowland, Kate Mason, 234. 
Royster, Elizabeth, 273. 

Armistead, 220. 
Emma Armistead, 220. 

Elizabeth Meredith, 220. 

Elvira Clayton, 220. 

Sarah Clopton, 220. 

William, 220. 
Ruttencutter, Brady Green, ^2. 
Sabine Hall, t,t,. 
Saunders, John Martin, 257. 
Savage Family, 205. 
Savage. — 

Georgietta, 213. 

George Wade, 213. 

John B., 241. 

Margaret, 213. 

Martha Ann, 154, 213. 
Savage Home. — 

Teackle Taylor, 205, 213. 

Thomas, 17. 
Sayre, Paul Tucker, 228. 
Sclater, Agnes, 195. 
Seawell, John 47. 
Seddon, Maria Marson, 81. 
Selden. — 

Elizabeth Armistead, 269. 

Miles, 220. 

Miles, Rev.. 269. 

W. C, 54 
Semple. — 

Edward Armistead, 122. 

Mary, 227. 

Sevier, Catherine Sherrell, 170. 
Sheild. — • 

Mallory, Dr., 121. 

Samuel Reade, 121. 

Samuel, Rev., 121. 
Sheilds, Anne, 231. 
Shield, Edwin Courtney, 88. 

Nannie Coles, 161. 
Shelton Line, Nannie Coles, 161. 
Sheppard, John, 225. 
Shirley, t^t^. 
Shirley, Elizabeth, 34. 
Skelton, Maria Ward, 270. 
Skipwith, Lelia, 3-^. 
Sinton, James W., 140. 
Slade. Isabella, 71. 



Smith. — 

Anne, 53, 54- 78. 

Anne Selodn, 81. 

Armistead, 80. 

Augustine, 78. 

Edward Tabb. 81. 

Elizabeth, 78, 83, 116, 151. 195. 

Elizabeth Cary, 81. 

Harriet, 80. 

John, -JT. 

John Tabb. 203. 
Smith Arms, Lawrence, 187. 
Smith Line. — 

Lawrence, "j-j, 186, 187, 189, 190, 
191, 192, 193, 194, 202. 
Smith. — 

Martha Tabb, 81. 

Mary, 78. 

Mildred, 78. 

Neal, M. D., 241, 242. 

Pauline, 81. 

Philip Armistead, 78, 81. 

Pocahontas, 128. 

Sallie Bruce, 81. 

Susanna, 80. 

Smith Indenture. Thomas. 196. 

Thomas Armistead, 81. 

Thomas, Capt.. 80. 

Thomas, 55. 82, T], 116, 196. 

William Patterson, 81. 
Smythe, Thomas. Sir, 78. 
Southall. — 

Diana, 127. 

James, 126. 

Nannie. 126. 
Standen, R. H. F.. 71. 
Stanley, Elizabeth, 66. 
Starkey, Margaret, 218. 
Star Spangled Banner, 65. 
St. Memin, 282. 
Steele, Mary Bacon, 75. 
Street. 99. 

Stith Family, 145, 146. 
Stith. Anne, 140. 
Stubbs, John S.,281. 
Stuart, Penelope, 258. 
Sutton Line. William T., 259. 
Sweet, Frederick T., 239 
Tabb Family. 104, 105, 106. 
Tabb. — 

Edward, 83. 
Ellen, 81. 

Tabb. — 

George, 81. 

Kate, 81. 

Lucy. 81. 

Maria, 80, 81. 

Margaret, 81. 

Martha, 80. 

John, 81. 
Talbott Line, 182, 183, 184. 
Talbot. — 

Mary Adele, 182. 

Sallie Munford, 43. 

Wiliam Henry, 250. 

Talliaferro. 62. 
Talliaferro. — 
Lucv, ■^6. 
Mary, 86. 
Warner T., 48. 
William Booth, 48. 
Tatem, Frank W., 260. 
Tayloe, Anne Corbin, 44. • 
Taylor, 97. 
Taylor, Lucy Penn, 'J2)- 
Teackle Family, 211. 
Temple Farm, 112, 189. 
Terrell, 54. 

Thomas. Natalie Contee. 70. 
Thomas, William, 53. 
Thomson. — 

Frances, 17. 

Sir Willianii, 17. 

Stevens, 17. 

William, 17, 38. 
Throckmorton, E. E., 75. 
Thorp, Joel, 257. 
Titled Lineage, Lawrence Smith, 

line, 200. 
Toddsbury, 83. 
Tood Family, 125, 126. 
Todd. — 

Anne, 83. 

Armisitead, 128. •- 

Christopher, 83. 

Everard Moore, 126. 

George Carroll, 128. 

Lucy. 80, 83. 

John, 128. 

John Moore, 125. 

John Robinson, 125. 

Julia Dickson, 129. 

Robinson Armistead. 126, 128. 

Thomas. 82, 83 

William. Capt., 80. 



TOMLIN. — . 

Mary Williamson, 43. 

John Walker, 42. 
Tompkins, Christopher. 81. 
Travis. — 

Julia Samuel, 226. 

Susanna Hutchings. 227. 
Treasvant, Alice, 55. 
Tucker. — 

St. George, 33. 

William John, 88. 
Tyler Excursus, John. 235, 236, 237, 


Lyon Gardiner, 238. 

John, 231. 

Rose, 243. 
Upsher, Courtney Tucker. 62. 
Valentine. — 

Coroin B., 42. 

Katherine B, 42. 

Elizabeth G., 42. 
Venable, Woodson S., 235. 
Vestries. 109. 
"Virginian Descent from Royalty," 

198, 199, 201. 
Wade Family. — 

Bible Records, 210. 

George Knight Budd, 71. 
Wade Notes, 214. 
Wade, Martha Jones, 213. 
Walke, Anthony, 48. 
Walker, Mary, 36. 
Wallace, James, 140. 
Waller Line, 177, 178, 179. 
Waller, Claude Judge, 176. 
Wallace, Ann, 223. 
Walthall, Mary Jane, 87. 
Ward, Maria 270. 
Warner. — 

Mary, 78. 

Augustine, Col., 89. 

Warren, Thomas Davis, 250. 
Washington. — 

Cave Castle, 17. 

Fairfax, 53. 

Kate, 94. 
Watts. — 

Lina P.. 120. 

Walker, 225. 

Weaver, A. W., 99. 

Waddell, Alexander Watson, Rev., 

251, 252. 
Welbourn, John Emory, 274. 
Wellford, Carter, 37. 
West Excursus, 114. 
Westwood Family, 137, 138. 
Westwood Romance, Elizabeth. 146. 

147, 148, 149, ISO. 
West, Henry Litchfield, Mrs., 132. 
Westwood, Indiana Worlich, 140. 
Westwood Miniature, Louisa, 231, 

Westwood. — 

Coat of Arms, 139. 

Elizabeth, 115. 

Rachel, 143. 

Worlick, 140. 

William, 141. 
Westmoreland, Jane, 241. 
West, John, Capt., 112. 
Whiting. — 

Agnes, 70. 

Clarence C, 70. 

George Armistead, 70. 

G. W. Carlyle, 70. 

Marion Dulany, 70. 
White. — 

John Lewis, 264. 

David, 240. 

Mary, 243. 

Charlotte, "Ji. 

Henry T., 73. 

George, Tz, 

Littleton, yz- 

Williams Carter, "j^t. 

William Fanning, 73. 
Will of Elizabeth Westwood, 297. 
Will of Robert Armistead, Sr.. 299. 
Will of Robert Armistead, 301. 
Will of Westwood Armistead, 294, 

Will of William Westwood. 292. 
Williams. — 

Alfred Brokenborough. 270. 

Kate Owens, 140. 

John, 270. 

John Langbourne, 270. 

Robert Armistead, 270. 

William Langbourne, 270. 



Willis, Lewis, 38. 
Willocks, 153. 
Windebank, Mildred, 89. 
Winfield, Andrew, 124. 
Winn, Mary, 228. 

Winston. — 

Martha, 75. 

Martha Fontaine, 54. 
Wise, Peyton, Gen., 234. 


Agatha, T]. '^ 
Christopher, 76. 
Elizabeth, 74, T]. 


John, 74, TJ. 

Judith, 44, ^^. 

Mary, yy. 

Sarah, T]. 

Ralph, 24, 31, 74, "JT. 

Wright Line. — 
David Minton, 249. 
Pencie Margaret, 250. 
William Armistead, 250. 

Wyatt. — 
John, 83. 
Mrs., 141.