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OCrOBlR, 1940 

CHICAGO, ^ 60616 . 




'■^;:ir-H%; / /,)i,i 


51 AR^' 


lie cliamcs arc ihal xoiir |ir()iliiit 
lii'caiiK' successful because it offered sutud liini; new. . . 
something more tlian the run-oi-llic-miil prixhicts in 
its field. 

IVriiaps vol] have introduced a ninnher of such prod- 
ucts and watciied tliem grow in |ioiiiilarit v because of 
the special adsantagcs the\ offered. 

If \ ou ha\e. \(iu kno\\ tliat few such producis — no 
mailer Ikixn good lhc\ are — maintain liicir lead unless 
lhc\ arc constantly iin|iroved. (^ompclillon has a way 
of calching up and forcing iinpro\ cmcni. 

\X ilco aims to keep ils producis conliruialU ahead of 
ihe field l(\ a broad program of resi'arch |ilanned for 
\ears ahead and directed l>y a staff carehdiy chosen for 
ihcir training in the ficlil of chcmicaU. oils, pigments. 

asphalts and allied materials — and for their imderstand- 
ing ol practical proidems in the use of these materials. 
W itco has gi\en this staff the best in the wa\ of labora- 
tor\ facilities — a modern. spccialK designed laborator\ 
building housing the finest research, testing and anal\z- 
ing etpiipmcnt that can be obtained. 

I'criia|is liiis lalioralor\ can help \ ou ini|>ro\(' \(iur 
jiroducis liirougli heller basic materials. ( )ur staff will 
be glad to work hand-in-hand willi \ ours in liie solu- 
tion of problems rcgardinti the iinpro\emcnt or use ol 
^^^^^^^^^ . our regidar jiroducls or liic 
® ■■^^^^^^^^^* le\elopmcnl of new 

(:...n,.l.'lc. »rll l.ll.lll I iiif..r.„.,li..n . 

|.r...lii.l^ i. v„lii,-.l \.^ ^^.•^^..l,c »li.. u.. 
.lu'iiii.'..!. Vilrn „n,-T- .u.'li inr..rni,iti.i 
.., ll,,~ .,llr..<'>i>.'lv I ml l..».l.. II,. 


Manufacturers and Importers 

New York, 295 Modison Avenue • Boston, 141 Milk Si. eel 
Chictigo.Tr.taunelowet • Clevelond. 616 Si. Clair Avenue, N E 
Dolloi. lexos. 610 Dollos Nalionol Bonk Building • W.lto 
Affllicilei: Wilco Oil & Goi Comoony • The Pioneer Aspholl 
Componv • Ponhondle Corbon Compony • Horold Wilion & 
Will o lid KeyiignHouse d Sl,,london, W l.EnglonJ 



6B(/amtus A/ews 


"T^ ID you ever take up a newspaper and read that someone 
-•-^ committed suicide by jumping off a bridge? That's 
what high-intensity street lamps have been doing, too — not 
jumping off bridges, but committing "suicide." 

Certain smooth-surface street-light reflectors reflect heat 
back to the lamp filament, thus raising the filament tempera- 
ture to the point ot early "suicide" or burnout. 

In an attempt to do something about this, G-E engineers 
developed the stepped reflector. The inner surface of the 
reflector is broken up into small steps in such a way that light 
and heat rays reflected back from the steps just miss the vital 
lamp stem. Tests showed that, with a 500-watt lamp, the 
temperature at the lamp stem was 275 F less with the new- 
reflector than with the old one. 

The engineers who developed the stepped reflector .ire 
graduates ot the General Electric Test Course, open to selected 
graduates ot recognized engineering schools. 


TTOW would you like to see carbon dioxide pour out ot' 
-•- 1. a beaker and snuff out the flame of' a candle, or cold 
water from floating ice flow to the bottom of' a glass .^ By 
accident two General Electric scientists recently discovered 
a comparatively simple way to force these and other ordinarilv 
invisible things to show themselves. 

It all began one day when a searchlight shining through the 
windows of the G-E Research I.aboratorx at Schenectadv, 
N. 'i . started the scientists on an investigation, resulting in 

equipment which gives the inside story of supposediv in- 
visible happenings. 

By holding transparent substances in a beam of light from a 
water-cooled mercury lamp, variations caused by changes in 
the index ot refraction show up plainly on a screen. It's 
something like seeing heat waves rise from a hot pavement 
in the summer. Gases, liquids, or transparent solids cast 
strange shadows, revealing characteristics unseen to the 
naked eye. Although this has been done before with arc 
lights, the new method has many advantages. 
The two G-E scientists identified with this accomplishment 
are Dr. R. P. Johnson, U. of Richmond, '29, and Dr. N. T. 
Gordon, Princeton, '13. 


1XSECI laboratories have been air conditioned, rivets 
tor dirigibles have been refrigerateii so they can be driven 
better, and there is e\-en a case where telephone books have 
been cooled mechanically to speed the hardening of the glue. 
But it was only recently that the first automatic heating 
installation designed specifically for the comfort and health 
ot tropical fish was put into operation. 

Devilfish, sharks, rays, the only porpoises in captivitv, and 
thousands of other unusual specimens caper gaily around in 
their adopted home in the Marine Studios at Marineland, Fla. 
There, in huge tanks, the pampered fish live the "life of 
Reilly" (the porpoises are fed by hand) in water that is not 
only filtered and aerated Init is .ilso held at a temperature of 
70 F. 

Five (Jeneral Electric oil furnaces do the heating job, holdint; 
the 500,000-gallon "oceanarium" at a temperature just like 
home tor the transplanted tropical specimens. 
At G.E.'s Bloomfield iX. J.i [ilant, where air conditioning 
eipiipment is manufactured, is a division of the General 
Electric Test Course. Here young student engineers gain 
practical experience in this branch of engineering. 



CLARENCE L. CLARKE is Dean of Lewis Institute 
of Arts and Sciences. He was formerly Dean and 
Co-Director of Lewis Institute. 

JOEL I. CONNOLLY is Assistant to the President, 
Chicago Board of hiealth. He is a graduate of 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and holds 
the degree of Master of Science from that school 
and from Harvard. His professional record Includes 
service as Assistant Engineer with the Massachusetts 
State Health Department: Chief Sanitary Inspector 
for the American Red Cross; Assistant Sanitary 
Engineer of the United States Public Health Service 
at various army cantonments during the first World 
War; Chief Sanitary Engineer of the Near East 
Relief In Turkey, Syria, Palestine, Armenia, Egypt 
and Greece; Assistant Sanitary Engineer of the 
United States Public Health Service, cooperating 
with state health departments In four states; Acting 
State Sanitary Engineer of Missouri; District Engi- 
neer, United States Public Health Service, for a 
district including ten states; and Chief of the Bu- 
reau of Public Health Engineering, Chicago Health 
Department. He has held his present post since 
1937. He has been lecturer at Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology, University of Minnesota, 
University of Southern California, and Loyola Uni- 
versity School of Medicine. Major Connolly holds 
a commission In the Reserve Corps of the United 
States Public Health Service, and has been awarded 
the Distinguished Service Medal of the Near East 
Relief. He Is a member of many national and local 
organizations concerned with public health, and of 
several civic organizations. He has written numer- 
ous technical articles for engineering journals, and 
Is co-author of Epidemic Amebic Dysentery, pub- 
lished as National Institute of Health Bulletin 
No. 166. 

HENRY P. DUTTON is Dean of the Evening Divi- 
sion; Professor of Business Management; and 
Chairman of the Department of Social Science. 

HARRY McCORMACK is Professor of Chemical 
Engineering, and Director of the Department of 
Chemical Engineering. 

ELDER OLSON is Assistant Professor of English. 

THOMAS C. POULTER is Research Professor of 
Physics, and Scientific Director of the Armour Re- 
search Foundation. 

ALVAH SMALL Is President of Underwriters Lab- 
oratories, Inc., and President of the National Fire 
Protection Association. He graduated from the 
University of Maine with the degree of Bachelor 
of Science In Civil Engineering, and later received 
from the same school the professional degree of 
Civil Engineer. After graduation he became a 
member of a selected group of young engineers 
who were employed by the New York Fire Insur- 
ance Exchange for special training in fire protection 
engineering and in Insurance rating. In 1906 he 
became an electrical engineer at Underwriters Lab- 
oratories, and has remained with that organization 
for thirty-four years. In 1908, he was made special 
agent and placed In charge of the Laboratories' 
inspectors; in 1910, he was made superintendent of 
Label Service, the department which conducts fol- 
bw-up service at factories and supervises the use 
of the well-known Laboratories label. In 1916, Mr. 
Small was elected vice-president; in 1923, he wa; 
transferred to New York to supervise the work of 
the Laboratories there, and at about the same 
time he was elected chairman of the Important elec- 
trical committee of the National Fire Protection 
Association. He was elected president of Under- 
writers' Laboratories in 1935, and president of the 
National Fire Protection Association In 1940. Al- 
though he has had widely varied experience in fire 
protection engineering. It may be conslderd that 
no part of his work has been more important than 
the progressive development, through his committee 
chairmanship noted above, of the National Elec- 
trical Code, which is now a standard of the Ameri- 
can Standards Association. There are few engineer- 
ing standards more widely used, or more Important 
to the community. The importance of Mr. Small's 
work as president of Underwriters' Laboratories, 
Inc., is Indicated by the article in this issue. 

College of Engineering. 


r^ \ A 



1940 NUMBER I 



By Alvah Small 4 



By C. A. Tibbals and C. L. Clarke 22 


THE BOOK SHELF, By Elder Olson and Thomas C. Poulter 28 



ALUMNI NOTES, By. A. H. Jens, '31 34 

J. B. FINNEGAN, Editor-in-Chief A. H. JENS, Alumni Editor 

MARIAN F. PAGE, Business Manager 


E. C. Niezgodski G. W. Staats E. J. Colant W. J. Dres M. L. Fitch B. E. Flood J. W. Harnach 

R. J. Sullivan J. K. Wood R. E. Kubitz G. R. Mahn L. E. Orsi Chas. Rowbotham 

Published in October, December. March, and May. Subscription rate $1.50 pe^ year. Editorial and Business Office, Armour College of 
Engineering of Illinois Institute of Technology. 3300 Federal Street. Chicago. Illinois. 





pnuliu'tiiui ,a-i(iiii|ilisliiiR-nt. 

Hiiilit now AincricM is iM-iiig utarLil 
tor nKixiinuin proiliictioii of the re- 
iliiind n'oods. Avoidable wa.statif of 
raw materials, tiiiished products or 
fatilitiis iiiidir tlic conditions is 
iriniinal from whatever viewpoint. 

Kaeh year preventalile fire causes 
luindreds of millions of dollars of 
property loss and acconipaiiyins; loss 
of thousands of lives: a drain on na- 
tional nsources and assets. I'ire pre- 
Miition and national defense an' 
then-fore closely tied together. At 
this time when economy and vin'ilance 
lan t'ontriliuti' so siii'niticantly to the 
common etl'm't for increaseil jiroduc- 
tion, it hecomes the [latriotic duty 
of ( ai'h person, e.ich oriianization, to 
|)Ut an end to preventable waste by 

it is now ap|)ropriate. therefore, 
to n\ iew in lirief somi- of the activi- 
ties c.irried on in the normal course 
of i\ents by the fire Jireven- 
tion aiicncies in the L'nitcd .St;iti-s. 
Daily they are beinji hcio-htcned. 
multiplied. Niw jiroblcms as well 
1 as old ones are constantiv arisini;'. 
\\i iniihrstaniliiiii, of sonu- of them 
will ser\e to inspire increased in- 
t caution and w.itclifulness 
aii^ainst the fire d;ini;iT. 

.Ml are f.imiliar at with the 
nanus of the country's leadini;' tire 
prevention amiieies: The National 
IJoard of Fire Underwriters, the 
.N' lire I'rotection Assoeia- 
sourees, the wealth; for our tioii, 'I'lie Chamber of C'omnieree of 
resources an- the fouu<l.ition of all Uu- United States, and the National 

^ Nationa 


Nsuriui;' in 

,.-ifetv "c 

In these troubled lii 
Detense is in eieryom 
and ways and mi .ins of' and collecti\i' 
first consideration. 

.\ of pn p.arednes' 
for till' present emerii'ency .'i p.'irt 
I d;in say, .'is im|)ort;int .is tin 
nHistcrini; of men under the dr.ift 
i.s the conserv iition of n 

I in Waste Council. .Major camp.iiijns 
aijainst destruction by fire are con- 
tinuously beiuiT waited by these or 
Sanizatioiis and others and by tile 
fire ]>revention bureaus of our niunie- Hrc departments. Tiiese ffroups 
work in many ways and in variou.s 
fields, supplementiiii;' ;ind coniple- 
nientinjj; each other's efforts. 

The Insurance Department of tiie 
Chamber of Commerce of the L'nited 
States and tile National Fire Waste 
Council susfgest and foster (iraetical 
tire prevention programs for local 
Ch.niilicrs of Commerce, .ind sponsor 
the IntcrC'lianiber Fire Waste Con- 
test. 'I'liis is ,'in activity in which 
many more people should participate 
In their respective home coinniunities. 

The National Fire Protection .As- 
sociation, a non-|)rofit oriianiz.ition. 
serves ;is the cleariiiir liouse for .i 
vast amount of information and .id- 
vice on fire waste, fire protection, and 
fire prevention. It prepares ens;i- 
neerinjr stand.irds widely used ;is the 
li.isis of state .ind niunicipal icgisi.-i- 
tioii and as guides to proi)erty own- 
ers who demand the maxiiuuui of fire 
s.'ilety. irrcsjiectivc of legal or insur- 
.'iiici ri'i|uirements. The .\ssoci;ition 
pre|),ires ;ind distributes 
liter.iture to the public. Its quarterly 
ni.'ig.izine, recei\ed liy members, con- 
t.iins much invalu.iblc information. 
.Mcnibersliii) is oj)en to any 
or org.aniz.'ition interested in the pro 
tection of life ,inii property .ig.ainst 
loss by fire. I recommend it to you 
as being wiioliy worth while, wiiethcr 

for a personal, coinnitrcial, civii', or 
national service. 

There is no organization morr 
keenly alive than tlie National Board 
iof Fire Underwriters to the threat 
[of the rising tide of the fire waste 
ito national defense. The National 
Board, an insurance organization, is 
!the national association of the capital 
istoek rire insurance companies. Dur- 
ing World War No. I all of its serv- 
iices, resources, and facilities were 
jplaced at the disposal of the Federal 
Government for safeguarding canton- 
ments. su])|)ly depots, lios()itals. naval 
properties, munition factories, ware- 
houses, terminals, and shi)) yards as 
fwell as ])ul)lic buildings and institu- 

Again, in May. 1939, the National 
Board offered these services to the 
government for use in any emergency 
arising from the war in Europe: 
World War No. II. 
I Already the National Board of Fire 
(Underwriters is speeding up fire pre- 
vention work. New literature has been 
))repared, earlier releases have been 
modernized and revamped; all have 
been widely distributed to promote a 
national concern to {)revent fire waste. 
To help avoid disasters which might 
involve heavy losses of life and prop- 
erty, it is promoting country-wide 
school and hospital inspection. 

As a service to cities, the Board 

for many years has made extensive 
rngiiuering survt-ys of rtJunieipal fire- 
fighting facilities, reporting findings 
and reeonmiendations to the municipal 
jiuthorities. In these rejiorts ])artie- 
ular attention is given to tlie con- 
flagration or sweeping-fire hazard. 

Because they are designed to spread 
with maximum speed, incendiary fires 
often result in serious loss of life 
and projurty. To reduce these losses 
by detecting sueli fires and by capture 
.and conviction of arsonists, the Na- 
tional Board maintains a lariie stalf 
of skilled arson investigators collab- 
orating wit!i federal and local author- 
ities in all parts of the country. It 
should not tax your imaginations to 
realize the imjjortance of such work 
in these times. 

One other organization not yet 
mentioned — an organization spon- 
sored by the National Board of Fire 
Underwriters — is that with which I 
am most closely connected and in 
whose at'complishments I take the 
great(.'st pride. It had its genesis 
about the time of the first Chicago 
World's Fair in 1893 when electricity, 
just emerging from the ex))erimental 
stage, was being promoted for prac- 
tical use in stores and offices ; when 
the then new Bessemer process was 
making "sky-scrapers" possible; and 
when acetylene-gas lighting systems 
were coming into prominence. 

\i that time it lu^'ame evident to 
insurani'e companies and others tliat 
additional knowledge about these new 
technical processes was necessary. 
.\ccordingly, groups established by 
the stock fire insurance companies in 
many cities began to study causes of 
fire and means for its control and 
extinguishment, and to adopt safety 
rules and regulations. 

Witii continued dev'elopment the 
need arose for extending the inves- 
tigations to comprise study of the 
basic facts of tire behavior and of the 
])erformance of devices and materials 
as causes of fire, as safeguards against 
its spread, or as means for its control 
and extinguishment. 

I'lir these investigations specialists 
and facilities for experiment were 
necessary; this fact resulted in the 
establishment of Underwriters' Lab- 
oratories. Inc., ami its incorporation 
in 1!»01 as the testing station of the 
eai)ital stock fire and casualty insur- 
ance companies comprising the Na- 
tional Board of Fire L nderwriters. 

Under the s})onsorship of the 
National Board, Underwriters' Labor- 
atories was established as an organ- 
ization for service, not for profit. 
Its job from the beginning has been 
to test devices, materials, and systems 
to determine their relation to an in- 
surable hazard. Its platform is to 

■ I III lMi4l' 

ilaliiiraturirs. ^i\t. 

Flame Spread Tesf on Roof Covering Material. Flame Is 
Four Feet Wide and Is Blown Against Surface by Twelve- 
Mile Wind 

1.,-st l.Ilt.-i 

.t l.\ 

'M.itc the tact-," aiKl tl 
able (i|)iiii<)iis liriiuirht < 
•jations anil tist>. 

Tin- I'oncii-n ot an in^iirariii- ix- 
ccutivf who may lif a iniiiiliir (it tin- 
Latioratorii-s' hoard nt trn^tl■l■s. as to 
tlu- hiariiiir of a I.ahoratoriis' tiiidhiir 
upon the .iinount of a h)ss loincidis 
exactly with the conci-rn of an honest 


i-rty holder in the matter. 'I'liere- 
forc. knowinif ot the insuraiu'c spon- 
sorsliip of L ndcrwriters' I.ahoratoriis. 
Inc.. tile owner and user of premises, 
police .-ind tire department officers, 
luiildiniT otfici.ils. the .architect .and enicineer, .and the insur- 
ance .alike intuitively .iccipt the 
findings ,is foun<led u])on .a viiwpoint 

i(h with their own — the view 
point of .i\()idin<; loss. 

!■ rom a small hcirinninfc in staff, 
1 iiuipnient .and scope, Underwriters' 
[..ahoratorics has expanded in facili- 
ties and activities so tiiat its work 
now touches upon a wide lange of 
prohhins concerninfi the preservation 
of life and property hy the reduction 
of tire. aeei<h nt. and theft hazards. 

i'liis r.iniie of .activities is indicated 
hy the titles of the followini; I.ahora- 
tories' puhlieations which cont.iin ap- 
proximately JOO.tJOO approved eatalof! 
iinmhers in some I ..'iOO classifications: 

List of Inspected Kleetrical Kipiij) 
mi nt 

List of Inspected I'ire I'rot.-etimi 
K()uipment and .Materials 

list of Inspected (ias. Oil. and 
.Miscellaneous .\p|)lianccs 

List of Inspected Accident Hazard. 
.\utoniotive and Burjrlary Pro 
te<tion Kquipnient 

Tile listiiiirs in these booklets an- 
iltirm.ati\e. .Ml of the devices and 
materials shown therein liave passed 
I hi safety tests ami investigations. 
The L.ihoratories does not puhlish 
111 ti'.ativc findings or reports of criti 
I ism of [iroduets, except to the uianu- 
faiturer concerned. The booklets are 
lireulated widely so that tlie insur- 
.anee organizations and other inter- 
ested persons and organizations may 
benefit from the information they eon- 

.Approximately half of all of the investigations result in re- 
|Mirts of detective items of assembly 
or perform.ance. Of those products 
nfnsed .ijiliroval the first time ttuy 
are submitted by their manufacturers, 
.about half are improved. 

L'nderwriters' Laboratories works 
for service, not for profit. t'h.irges 
are based on the fee-aecordin.i;-to-eost 
svstem. Manufacturers voluntarily 
submit their products and p.ay the 
costs of the tests .and investigations. 
Neither insurance companies nor 
other manuf.aeturers can be expected 
to pav the costs of examinations .and 
tests of products which, poorly de- 
signed, .are not put into production 
and which, therefore, are not used in 
insured or other premises. 

The teelmieal staff of L'nderwriters' 
Laboratories is divided into depart- 
ments as follows: 

Casualty and .\utomotive 
Gases and Oils 
Burglary Protection 

In .aildition to these eiigineerin'.; 
departments which examine and test 
new equipment submitted for aj)- 
proval by manufacturers, the I.abora- 

tories maintains an inspection depart- 
ment witli offices in 200 cities in the 
United States and Canada. Any or- 
ganization prcsumino; to publish out- 
standing advices concerning the prod- 
ucts of anotlier must know at all 
times that the current output of tiiose 
products remains such as to warrant 
j)ul)lic endorsement. Last year the 
I,ai)oratories' inspectors made over 
(iO.OOO inspections at factories to help 
keep up tlie standard of safety. Prod- 
ucts that pass insijcction at factories 
are usually identifiable by means of 
the "Underwriters' Laboratories In- 
spected" labels attached to them. 

The results of this work have been 
such tliat many purchasers and users 
and many .luthorities specify the L'n- 
derwritiTs' Laboratories' label on all 
deliveries of products which come 

within the sc()|)e of this testing ac- 

One of the most outstanding fire 
))rotection problems undertaken by 
Underwriters' Laboratories was the 
investigation of the behavior of build- 
ing columns when exposed to fire. 
This research, extending over a four- 
vear period, was conducted at the 
main office and principal testing sta- 
tion in Chicago. In this investigation 
the Laboratories collaborated with the 
National Bureau of Standards, the 
.Vssociated Factory Mutual Fire In- 
surance Com])anies and the National 
Board of Fire L^nderwriters. Pub- 
lished reports of the findings are reg- 
ularly consulted by building engineers 
and officials, architects and the pro- 
ducers of building materials. The fire 
ex[)osure or temperature curve em- 

ployed in that research is the basis 
for other fire tests of building mate- 
rials tested at Underwriters' Labora- 
tories. Tills curve makes it possible 
for actual burning building conditions 
to be ))roduced in the laboratory so 
that the ])erformanee of building ma- 
terials as fire barriers may be deter- 

In its furnaces of various sizes and 
designs the Laboratories has tested 
for many manufacturers masonry 
units and other assemblies for floor, 
wall, roof and ])artition construction. 
Materials available for the confine- 
ment of fire to the space of its origin 
are classified as to the time interval 
before standard ex})0sure in the fur- 
naces ))roduees breakdown. Thus an 
architect or engineer for a property 
owner, a buildiiiij: official, or an insur- 

Tests of Explosion-Proof Electric Motors Designed for Use in the Presence of 
Combustion Vapors 

Right: Test of Vaporlzing- 
Liquld Type of Hand Chem- 
ical Ex+inguisher on Gasoline 

Below: Fire Tesf of Wired 

Glass Window with Metal 


incc organization, may selt-ct, install. 
or identify as to fire retarding pi- 
lorniance. a sclR-ilule of asscniluii -^ 
|iro\ iilinir jirotii'tion from tivt niin- 
iitts up to ciiTJit hours. 

Fire doors and windows of niaii\ 
types have been tested and numerous 
ni.ikes and jjatterns are now approvid 
.111(1 lahfled. .Safes, doors for vault^ 
iiid rteorii eal)inets have lieen elassi 
tird .leeordinir to the proteetioii the; 
will .itford from fire's attaek. 

.Vpprovi-d .uitoinatie sprinklers liax 
I stalilislird .in ettieienev reeord of het- 
ti r than niiuty-six per eent over 
forty tlirei- year period. This reeord possilile heeause of the testiiisi 
proirrani to wliicii these devices are 
siilijeet as a requisite for appro\.d 
l.y the Underwriters, and of the Jier- 
sistent elieekiiiir and sranirinj; by the 
Laboratories' inspectors of the il.i 
run production at eacii factory. 

I'ire hose is examinee! for rubl 
compound used as tile lininii with 
which tlie water conies in contact, for 
the woven cotton jacki't and for test 
perform.ince of complete asseml)li<s. 
.Service requireinents as to twist, ehiii 
u.itiiiii. w.irpin<r, friction U>ss, and thi 
ihilitv to withstand hiirher tlian nor pressures without burst 
in.r, an- also .-hecked. 

Undf rwritf rs' Lahoratorii's iii.spects 
at factories each tifty-foot lenuth of 
an average annual delivery of more 
than 100 miles of iiose for municipal 
tire department use. 

Each year's models of pasengcr au- 
tomobiles of practically all domestic 
makes are submitted to Underwriters' 
Lai)oratories for investioation of the 
fuel, ignition and exhaust systems. 
This work is done largely at the fac- 
tories when the new models are being 
designed. Fire causes are therefore 
mainly avoided before the productimi 
line is reached. As a result of this 
work the integral fire hazard is prac- 
tically ignored in passenger car un- 
derwriting. The car owner, whether 
insured or not. is a beneficiarv of this 
special service. 

The casualty department of the 
Laboratories tests practically all 
makes of domestic automatic refrig- 
eration equipment and also investi- 
gates air conditioning equipment, 
w.iter coolers, and coin-oper;ited soft- 
drink dispensing machines. 

The gases and oils department has 
examined and tested, and labels, oil 
burners for ap])roximately 200 manu- 
facturers. The entire range of hand 
fire extinguishers also comes within 
their scope of testing and although 
some types, pressure operated, could 
endanger life and limb if not properlv 
safeguarded, the general jjublic with 
a tonfidence fully justified by their 
experience, grabs the fire extinguisher 
when needed and uses it without fear 
of personal injurv. 

Roadside filling st.-itions for dis- 
pensing gasoline are safeguarded by 
a variety of tests. Underwriters 
Laboratories' labeled pumjis and stor- 
age tanks and explosion-proof equiji- 
ment are so universally used that fear 
of fire or explosion is entirely absent 
from the minds of most motorists. 

The electrical de))artment, with 
testing stations in New York City and 
San P'rancisco as well as at the main 
testing station in Chicago, conducts 
investigations of products used in the 
j permanent wiring systems of build- 
ings from the point at which the elec- 
tricity enters to the wall outlets and 
switches. Also much of the current 
I consuming electrical equipment used 
I in the 2.5,000,000 ehrtrificd homes of 
I this country, as well as nurcmtile 
and light ((luipnuiit is ex- 

Fire alarm nieeli.inisins and sys- 
I terns, and related signalling devices 
are reviewed and tested. 

The chemical department is 
equipped with special apparatus for 
testing rubber insulation of insul.-ited 
wires and cords and for tests of the 
linings of fire hose. Other problems 
considered have to do. for exiunjile. 


Fire and Load Test o-f Wall Made of Hollow 
Concrete Blocks 

Steel Safe About to Be Rolled into Test Furnace 
Preheated to 2000 Degrees 

Test of an Electric Motor 
Designed for Use In Grain 
Elevators or Other Buildings 
Where the Atmosphere May 
Be Laden with Dust 

I rs I'or lijiz.-irdoiis in.itcrials. the il 
riim|)()sitii)ii prodiu'ts of wliiili 
I itiur Hanmialilf, cxplosiv r. toxic 

witli till' s.itiiraiits and wiiulits ol cnroiiiitrrcd sucl] as i;raiii elevators. Ariiiour Institute of Teeluioloiiv es- 
rootlni;- filts and tile wc iu'lits of zine stareli faetories and tli.' liU.-. talilisli a cauirs, in lire protia'tioii en- 
eoatinijs on electrical condnit. 'I'iie 'l'liriMii;li the work of the luirjilary uineerinii-; and for many years the 
work of this department in liiuli ( \ |,rotection dipartnu nt tin- l.aliorato "Fire Protects" have- received sonic 
plosives is oiitstandiniT. At an isolated ,.j,.^ serves the insurance industry and of their lahorat<n-y trainini^ at Under- 
test station ontsid,- of Cliicasio, tests ,||^. i,.,,-,]^;,,^. .,,,,1 „„Tcantiic cstal.lish writer's I.ahoratori<-s under the dircc- 
ar,- con,i,.et.-d with nitroojycerine and ^^^^.,,j^ .,, .; ^■^.^^^ ^j,,),,, ,i,.t,K.|u-d fn.m ti.m of an en-incer on hoth tlic F.ah- 

"'.'"T,'!'^''..!''^''"'''? ^!"i''" '^"'^7' 'I'^'t "'■ '''•'■ l"-eventi,m an,l lire pro oratories' an,l the Armour statV. The 

tiction. r.asicalh. liowcMr. these jiradliates of Professor I'innenan's 

aeti\iliis lia\e the same eonnnon pur course are c<mt rihutiiiii to our na- 

, ,, ^, .!• 1 I i P"s, that of determininii tin nla tional safety, 

pi-rnaiis all three. Work done lien mi ' . , , ...i ' i- ^i .• ■.■ 

' ,, .' , , , I , tion ol (e\iees. materials .and systems I liese .are some ol the ac-tlvitli-s 

lellulosc pro<iuets sucli .as plioto . i. i . r ,i i- 

|. ,.] -11 ■. ■ I II I to loss iir(\(ntiim .am n portinii .and .aeia)mpuslinicnts ot the iirotes- 

lirapliie fdm wdl. it is hoped, do inuel' lo i. | ■ - mi , - , r 

te avoid another disaster sucli as the tin nam to (auisiimers. r. uul.atory nth sional hr<- prcvintion or<ranizati.ins. 

( le'veland C'lini.^ .\ 'uav lilm lire of <i-il- -'Md the insur.ance sponsors of Hul in spif of all that is beinsf ac- 

ip-.'!t in which some I -M |.ersons. the I .alioratories. c.mplislHal oriranizations can- 

ni.anv of tin in out cd' the re.ieli ,d' tie In thes,^ w.ays .and in m.anv not reach everyone with the message 

llri .'(li(.l <d' the ■'urccn d. ,atli. ' I nderwrit. rs' I ..ahor.alories h .■ 1 p s ofs.ifity. If the iLalicm's lire waste 

■I'll,. ,. h ,. Ill i ( a""! d.p.arlm.nt life .and pro|ierly .ui a is to he people must he made 

pionei reil the el.i ssilicat i<m id' ixplo hundred dilV<rent fronts. emiscious o( the dan.irers ot lire. You 

sion-rcsistin!.;- motors .and otiur elec In another wav too, l' niic rwrili rs' .ind others like you, can hriiii; the 

trical e(|uipment f,n- use in hazaiaious I .ahorat.n-i,s has' heen privih-aal to .artill.ry of I'.acts .almut safety rijiht 

locations such .as oil refineries, drv .assist in rediKiim' u.aste of life .and down to the front line of the battle. 

.•le.aiiini; plants, p.iint f.aetori.s .and i'n prop,rtv. It was our founder |iresi In llu int. (d' n.itii> d.f.nsc 

l.M' wlur,' dusts .an d.nt. 1 I..I1, \., wlm propos, ,1 , rilist t.-day in tli.' liatth- .aii'.ainst lin'. 





Drinkiiiff water must be safe wlien 
(iclivtTfd at tlie faucet or fountain 
jet. Tliis is axiomatic. It makes no 
difference how carefully purified it 
may be at the source if contamination 
enters the water in the distrilnitinu 
system in the streets or in the ])hnnh- 
ing systems of buildins;s. Much loss 
of life has occurred in epidemics of 
typhoid fever and other water-borne 
diseases. Some of the outbreaks liaxe 
been due to pollution of water in the 
plumbinsj systems of buildings. The 
Health Department and Water De- 
partment of any city should properly 
be concerned about prevention of 
such occurrences, and in Chicago, 
both are officially responsible. Water 
Jjipinii is under supervision by the 
\\'ater Pipe Extension Division of 
the De{)artment of Public Works, and 
the rest of the ])lumbin2: is inspected 
by the Division of Educational and 
Environmental Sanitation of tiu 
Healtli Department. 

Students in a school of ensjiueer- 
ing are interested in such matters be- 
iise, after tluy liave completed 
their studies, tlie jiublic will intrust 
its lives and health to tlieir engineer- 
inir skill in many w/iys, and they 
must not fail in this trust. L'nfortu- 
itriy, lack of information, where 
health is eoMcerned. on the part of 
the eniiineer. has in tin- past actually 

led to epidemics. For example, a con- 
nection, made innocently enoutjh by a 
"handy man" working for a building 
engineer, between a drinking-water 
pipe .ind another pipe has. in this 
citv and elsewhere, more tlian once 
has caused illness and even death. To 
mention a different sort of case, 
jjcople living in regions previously 
free from malaria fever have become 
infected after roads or railroads were 
liuilt in their \icinity. on account of 
failure on the jiart of the engineer 
to provide for drainage of borrow pits 
or of the upper parts of valleys and 
ravines crossed by fills. Anopheles 
mosquitoes have found such undrained 
j)laces to be good breeding grounds. 
These are the mosquitoes that carry 
the disease from sick persons to well 
ones. Civil engineers should .always 
bear in mind the possibility that even 
in the north, where malaria fever has 
not been i)revalent for several genera- 
tions, it has reappeared, as the result 
of creating new breeding places for 
mosquitoes while building engineering 
structures. This is true, for instance, 
along the upper Mississippi River at 
the present time, it is said, on aeeiiunt 
(if ne«' (lanis in the river. 

Iloic Water (' iintain'inat'iiin Occurs 

There are two principal ways in 
uliieli iihnnbini; is ,a factor in makinii: 

drinking water unsafe. They are: 

I. Cross-connection of the safe 
supply of water with a contaminated 
supply under pressure wliich is (^or 
may become) higher than the pres- 
sure of the safe sujjplv. and 

■J. Interconnection of the safe wa- 
ter su])])ly with fixtures or sewers not 
normally under pressure, but which 
may disi'harge thiir contents into the 
safe water sujijily if 

(a) Pressure develops in the fixtures 
or sewers from unusual circum- 
stances, (such as flooded street 
sewers), or 

(b) A negative head develops in any 
water pipe, wliich has an open- 
ing submerged in the contents of 
fixtures, drains or sewers. 

These cross-connections and inter- 
eoiHicctions have long been common, 
but epidemics from them occur only 
at iiiter\als, hei'ause usually an addi- 
tional eoiiditicni nuist obtain, such as. 
for ex.ini|iie. a leak in a check valve 
lutween two water systems, before 
the drinking w.ater will become un- 

Peojile who make dangerous cross- 
cDiiiuetions and inter-connections are 
usually either unacquainted with the 
h.izarils they create, or are willing 
to gamble with the lives of other 
people, on the chance that the extra 
condition needed to cause water ])ol- 


'^ ' 

Fig. I. Diagram of leaking sewer and defective gravity water main, 
by means of which the water became infected in the disastrous Salem, 
Ohio, typhoid fever outbreak. 


Fig. 2. Collapse of hot water tank caused by partial vacuum in water pipe 
such as was in pipes of East Lansing laboratory building when water infected 
with Brucellosis was siphoned from sink into water supply and thereby caused 
an epidemic among students. 

Fig. 3. Cross-connection of drinking water pipe with air washer m spray 
booth Pressure of wash water, containing chemicals washed from spray booth 
air may be raised by circulating pump in foreground to higher level than 
pressure of drinking water, thereby forcing chemicals, which may be very 
poisonous in character, through valve at right of picture (if not tightly 
closed) into the drinking water system. The other branch of the drinking 
water pipe is used to make up water lost by evaporation from the circulating 
water. It is an interconnection with its end submerged, which permits siphon- 
age of chemicals into the drinking water when partial vacuum occurs in the 
drinking water system at this point. 

Fig. 4. Leaking sewer pipe over drinking water cooling tank in hotel base- 
ment to which beginning of amebic dysentery epidemic has been attributed. 
Wooden cover has been removed from tank. Strings hanging from sewer 
pipe indicate locations of leaks in it, through which sewage escaped when 
the sewer pipe became flooded due to excessive use of plumbing fixtures 
when hotel was crowded, and during times of storm. 

Fig. 3 

Fig. 4 


Fig. 5 

Fig. 6 

Fig. 5. Location of Interconnections between sewer pipe and water pipes in basement of hotel, which were 
factors in the extension of the amebic dysentery epidemic to another hotel using the same water supply. 
Because the interconnections were removed before the photograph was made, their positions are shown by 
dotted lines. Failure to close tightly the valve on one or both of these interconnections permitted sewage 
to pess from the sewer pipe, when flooded, into the water pipes while the water pressure in the latter was 
lower than the head of sewage. 

Fig. 6. Chief of Plumbing Section of Chicago Health Department, Mr. Thomas J. Claffy, supervising re- 
search by one of the plumbing inspectors of that section, Mr. John R. Thompson, on devices intended to 
prevent siphonage from water-closets. They are measuring and recording the lowering of the level of the 
water surface caused by partial vacuum in the water supply pipe, which siphoned part of the water in the 
water-closet back through the flush valve into the water pipe. 

Fig. 7. Part of an educational exhibit by the Chicago Health Department at a medical society conven- 
tion dealing with amebic dysentery and plumbing hazards to the safety of water supplies. Charts and map 
on walls give scientific data on the disease. Using the model of a hotel, demonstrations were given by use 
of colored liquids showing how water contamination through interconnections between water pipes and 
sewer pipes takes place. Also siphonage from plumbing fixtures was shown by use of this working model, 
which has been used for educational purposes In many parts of the country. Motion pictures of siphonage 
from plumbing fixtures and of living ameba as seen under the microscope were also shown In this exhibit and 
many others. 


lutidii will nut oci-iir. 'I'll.' loni;- list tiiniiitili tin urniiiui Iron mwi rs tii mic (it tliciii lii-iiiL; liis lilr in tin- imt 

of ill nriiit yr.irs frdni «,IK. In tliis .■.is, t:ic u.lls w.n- hr,-.ik. Tliis ,|iiil(inic li;is liccn .it- 

this i-.iiis, is siifiiriiiit to ciinx iiKT t;irtiicr frniii til'.' s, ui rs tli.iii tlir triliutid to siplion.-i^rc of (lish-\v,-it<r 

r\ri-v ri^lit iniii.liil )Hrson siicli u-r.-n it.v u;it,r pipe .-it S.iliin, hut tlic into tin- clrinkiiifi-wntcr supply in .-i 

-.iinl.lin- , iocs not p.iy. I'.'opl.- li.iM' .•li;ir;i<'t<r of tlu- liiiustoni- rork .it l.-,l,or.itorv of tile Michifran .St;i"t.- Col- 

too often pill f.iith in .-Ini'k M.-intnio «.-is siir'i /.s to pmiiit <-.-,sy |,.„.,. „ i,,.^,. j,.l,.,„war.- was usfd in c.x- 

\. lives which li.ivc f.-iilcd to work iinclistriictici flow of scw.-iiii- to wills iHriincnts with this discasf which 

ulun ncciicii. Otiicrs iiavc iiculcctcil throiiiih iinincrons crevices ;in(i siilii- aHVcts hotli cattle and iiiaii In an 

the fiind.-inieiit;ils of livdr.iiilics and tion ch.ninc's in the rock. Anyone nnsnccessfiil .•itteniiit to sterilize the 

ni.nlr such .n-r.-inMeinents flow of who has ever visited ( ■ (.■iv ulassw.ire. it insufficient I V hcat.'d 

sew.ine into iiiiproteet.d sources of cm. New .Mexico, .\1 .1111111,411 Civ,. |„ ,.,,, ,,„t,H.|,iv ,■ h, f,.r.- washin^r. As,r supply or int,. w.itir in.iins lu- K,-ntucky. or I.ur.iy C.-iv , rn. \'ir.j,inia. ,|„. ,.,.„„|,^ ^-,.,,„, ,1,.,, ,,|,„„|,l l,,,^, 

e.iiiic ill, vit.ihh, with ,|n can,' li,iw,, .it tini,s, |,e,n d,st rov,-,l r, iii.-iiii,,l alive and jr,.t 

,1, niics .-111,1 loss ,,f lilV. 111,-iy I.,- th,' <li.-inii,ls ,iissolv,-d in j„t,, ,1,,. ,lisli-w.atcr. which was drawn 

UrrrnI I „ tr rr H , ,u, If al rr-hon, r li>u,st,.nc rock In wat.r. Altli,M|...h |,,.„.i, ,|,ro„irh a hose connected to tli, 

/),v,YM, Fp„l,,„,,s "■■'''■'■ ''"'■'■'".^' tl"-""iili '""• -■■'"<' ">-'.v sink faucet, into the doin.-stic wat,r 

I.,' piirili,-,! within .1 short ilist.anc, siipplv of th,- hiiihlini;-. j 

.\ii„nii; th,' scores ol noiit nupor tl„liin,st -iv ,s no siuli |.rot,-cti,.n o,,),, ,.,,,. „,|,„ „.,.„, j„t„ ,|,j^ 

taut wat, r-h,M-n,- ,iis,as,- ,pi.l, iiii,s. t,. til,- h.-alth of tlios,- who ,lrink the l,„i|,|nm w,r,- atlVcted hv th,- <lis,as,-. 

lonr ol ,sp,-,-ial iiit, r, st t,. tlu- .11-1 w.-it,r. Th,- cnitrol ol tl„- ,-pi,l,iiii,- -pi,,.,,. „.,.„. .,t i,..,,, ci^htv victims, 

nc-r h.iv,- lH-,n sch-,-t,d t,M- purpos.s w.-is -natly hanip,r,d hv th,- nnutal „|- „.|,j,.|, ,,.,,-, .tv-six w-.n- students, 

ol illustration: c.nilitioii of th,- hospital, s. |, ,,,.,, ,„^ prohahh- that th,- suction 

1. I'll,- .Sah-iii, Ohio, typhoid t,-v,-r A very intcn-stin- shh-di-ht on this j„t„ t|„. „.at,-r pip,- was onlv nu.nicn- 

cpid.-nii.-' W.-IS one ot the most sev.-r.- ,-pidcniic is f,uind in a stat.m.-nt, r,- ,..,rv, „ li,-n it ,.ccurr.-d, as the dis- 

,ni n-i-ord, strikini; down more i-i-ntly ni.idc in a lecture dealing with ,-i|)i„-,ir.-iin-i ,)f ,-in apnreciahle quan- 

,.n,-twelfth of the entire p.ipulation this ,-pid,-niic, hy Mr. Clarence W. jitv of dish water was not noticed at 

"' "'••'' <it.^' •""' r,-,|uiriiii; th,- .-liil ot Kl.-iss,n.,- .S,-initary Kngincer of .,,,;. ti,„c. l)Ut. sliort as it proliahlv 

d,H-t,n-s .111,1 iiurs.-s from otlur pl.-ii-,-s Illinois, m.-iny mcntal-discas,- vie- „..,^ jf k-ist.-d loni; enou<rh to caus'e 

to tre;it and cari- for the victims. In tiiiis, ,ilso sufieriiiir from typhoid niiicli illness .-ind cost th,- life of a 

this disastrous outhrcak. 88 1- pcoph- f,v>-r. t,-mpor.-irily In-c-.-imt- r,-itioii.-il voiiii"- 

w,-re m;iil,- sii-k in :\ poinil.-ition of ilurini;- th,- lu-inht of the ftvtr. I-'riciids 'piij,,^ oc-currciu-c sirves to illustrate 

I (I.. ■Kill in tlu- ,-ity, .ind -'7 of tlieiii wen- .ilih- t,i hold conversations with d,,. n-.-ison wliv epidemics of -vvater- 

,li, d. As w,- l,i,,k h.-i,-k ,-it th,- situ.-i- thiiii for th,- first time in years wliih- 1,,.^,. disease" occur intermittently 

tion, it se.-ms r.-in.irk.ihl, tli.-it the th, y w,r, riiniiin- .1 lii-li f,-v,-r. rp,)n ,..,41,^.,. than constantly. In order to 

, pi.h-ini,- ilid not ,H-i-iir so,Mi,-r. .V r,-c-,,v,-ry fr,iiii typhoiil fever, th,- 111, n- „.,.( ji,,. ,lani>;erous contamination into 

si-wer h.-iviniv Icakinu' joints pt-rmittcd syniptoins ritiirncd. This fiiidiiiu- t],,. „...,t,.r pip,-s. tlirc- conilitions li.-id 

the bacteria which ;irc .-ilw.-iys ])rcs- is in h.-irmiuiy with the eflV-cts known to ciuxist - 

i-iit in s(-wat;-c to ,-scap,- into th,- to In- proiluccd hy -.irtiticial fcvirs" , 'I'lic niicro-or«anisms causin;; 

nr.uinil. Th,- s,-w,-r w.-is ,,,-ir,ill,-h-,l hy in th,- tre,-itiii,-iit of vic-tims of p.-in-sis brucellosis had to he present in the 

.1 ii,.-irhy iir.-ivity wat,-r iii.iin. .iN,, Anr to hr.-iin syphilis. dish-water; this apparently occurr.-il 

in a I, -.-iky c-ondition. wliii-h .-i,-t,-d .is A r,-p,r,iission of this cpi,l,-mi< rcirularlv. on ,-iccount ,if the defective 

,-1 f.-irni ilr.-iin-tilc ilocs in dr.iiiiiiiii- .-1 telt in Chi,-.-i-o is th,- illiuss of work- t.-clmic ' ,-iiiplov,-d to sterilize the 

in.-irsliy 111, .-iilow. (irounil u.-it,r. i-oii m,ii from this ,-itv who w-,-r,- em- dishes 

t.-iininii- nii,-r,i-,n-ii.-iinsiiis from tin- ploy,-,l in (-,iiistrii,-ti,in of 11, -w huihi- ., -pii,. t'.-|iu-,-t t,i which tlu- hos,- 

s,-w,r. foiiiiil its w.-iy into th,- w.-itir ini;s .-it th,- M.iiit,ii,i .'^t.•lt,- Hos|)it,-il „..,s ..^t.-iclit-d li.-iil to h.ik or lie .-it 

m.-iin tliroiiiih ,-r,-v i,-,s in th,- i;rounil .-mil who nturn,,! to th,-ir homes lii-r,- h-.-ist ii.-irtly open, .■in, I 

li,tw,-,n th,- tw,i pip,s. tiles,- ert-vi(-,-s wliin tli,v lH■^.•ln to fiil sick. .V more ;{ 'I'lie "norm.-illy positive pressure 

.-1,-tiiii;- .-IS n.itur.-il int,r,-,iiincctions h,- unusual scpii-l is the rch-.-isc- u|ioii .,( t],,. fanei-t in tlu- w.-itcr Iiipc had to 

twcii tli,-iii. p.-iroh- of typhoiil carrii-rs to return j,,. j.|,..,„„-,.,i to ,1 ii,-i;-,-itiv(- head in or- 

Th,- i-piil, mi,- result, -,1 wh, 11 .1,- to Chic.-ii;-,. wli,-n tlu-ir mental condi- ,ier to suck the infectiv.- dish-wat,-r 
or i-.-irri, r of typhoid f,-vi-r c,m- tion improvcil. 'I'lies,- cirriirs ,irc con- ,||, tliroui>-h the hose and into the 
trihut,',! f,-c.-il discli.-iri;-,-s to th,- s,-w- st.iiit il.ini;, rs. li,i-,-ius,-, .-ilthoiinh tli,v w;iter-supply pipini; system. 
.-il;-, .111,1 th, h.icteri.-i e.iusiiia; this ,lis- li.-iv,- r,e,iv,red their fVeliiii;- of hi-.ilth. ()(■ course, th,- first two i-onditions 
, .-IS,- vv, r,- wi(k-ly distrihutcd .-inioni; tliiv still discliarife typhoid li.-icilli mentioned mii;ht li.-ivi- liccii jircscnt 
th,- p,,ipl,^ of th,^ city vi.i siw.iu,- in with tluir feces .-ind may st.-irt n,-w nuist of the tim,-. awaitinif the mo- 
th,- s, w, r, -roimil w.-it, r in the i-r,v , pi,l, ini,^ fiui wli,r,-v,r tli,y i;,i. In nicnt when the third necessary condi- 

''■''• "' tl"- --"'I- -11"' piihli,- w.-itir - sii.-h p.-irol,-,-, the , lis,,- ,i„„ „.,)iihl .-ilso develop and the ejii- 

siipply in th,' iir.-iv ity vv.-it,r [lijie .-mil li;is ntunii'il .111, 1 iii-,-,-ssit.-it,-d his i|,nii(- would r,-snlt. 

its v.-irioiis hr.-incli,-s. r,-,-.-ill to th<- hospit.-il. Tin- siip.r 

-'. I. .-1st y,.-ir's .\laiit,-iio, Illiiiins, visi,ui of .-1 ty|ilioi,l carriir wli.i m.iy 

oiitlir,-.-ik n-sultiiiH- in sixty il,-.-itlis Im-coiii,- ,h r.-inii,-d .it .-my tim,- <-,nisti .Mthoiinh this ,lis,-ussi,in li.-is l>,-,ii 

W.-IS siiiiil.-ir in soiii,- r,sp,i-ts t,i the tiiti-s .1 s -wh.-it 11, -vv |ir,ilil,-m for .■, limitci to ,Mithr,-.-iks of disi-,-ise of 

.•^.ih-i.i , pi,l,iiii,-. Ilir, th, w, lis fr,,iii ,-ity In.-iltli ,1, p.-irtm,-iit, which li.-is ,-,,iiiniuiii,-.-ihl,- ,-li.-ir,-ict,-r. i. c. those 

vvlii,-li th, .St.-il, look its sup h.-iil its tr,Hilil,s in i-,uit rolliiii; s.-in,- ,-.-iiis,-,l hy h.-ul,ri.-i or ,itli,r micro, ir- 

ply lwc;ini,- c,,,l, .-i I s o c;irri,-rs. i;.-inisms ,-iiid c.-ip/ihli^ of s|ire;idin!J: to 

throuifh crev ic, s in th,- r,i,-k. hy si-w .i. Tin- |-'..-ist l..-iiisin^. M .1 well pi-rson from ,-i sick one or c.-ir- 

.-inc from the institution. This w.-is ,-pi,i,-nii,- of hru,-, Ihisis (,ift,n i^.^ilhd ri,-r of the ilis,-.-is,-. it should he lioriu- 

shown hv .-1 ris,- in s.-ilinity of th,- iiiiiiul.'int f,v,ri.- .ilso o,,-urriiiu List in iiiinil pois,niini;s hy ch,-mic.-il 

w,ll w.-il,r shortly .-iftir ,pi.-int iti, s ol v,.ir. is .1 r, ,-, iit , x.-iniph- of,-r- suhst.-iu,-, s li.-iv,- oi-(-|irri-,l in simil.-ir 

ro,-k s.ill w, r,- pl.ic, il in tlu- s,-w,rs. horn, ilis,.-is,- ulii,-li is of sp,,-i-il in f.ishion. .Som, -times thes,- cli,-niic,-ils 

th, .1111, Mint of s.-iliiiilv iii,-r,-.-.siiiu .is l,r,st to stu,l,iits h, ,-.-iiis,- ,-oll,-o,- .ire detected hy taste, odor or irrit:it- 

nior, .111(1 more of the s.ilt p.iss, d stiuhnts win- priiuip.illv tin- v iitims. iny- effects before harm is done, but 


I'<,',s,ni III Drnikhi,, Ifiiiri 

)tir cumot .-iffiird to take tlu- cliaiicc- 
tliat this will always ho truf. 

Nut fvtrv cast- of contamination, 
howivtr. is tragic. Newspapers re- 
cently carried an item about the 
water in an Illinois city which had a 
beer taste, due to an interconnection 
[)f a water ])ipe and a beer container 
in a lirewery. A ease is on record 
where water, in which liorse manure 
was soaked to make liquid fertilizer 
for a greenhouse, was drawn (prob- 
ably not as a thirst-quencher) in a 
saloon next door to tlie greenhouse, 
much to the amazement of customers 
and proprietor alike. The cause was 
found to be siplionaiif from a water 
pipe submirued in the manure tank, 
wlien a (lartial vacuum occurred 
brieHv in the street main sujildyini;- 
both premises. 

Recently, a plumbinst inspector dis 
covered a water inlet at the bottom 
of a tank containino; potassium cya- 
nide, one of the most poisonous chem- 
icals known, in a silver-platina shoji 
in a larice office buildini;. Had this 
not been found and immediately cor- 
rected, (as it was) before any such 
siphonage occurred as took place at 
East Lansinu-. a large number of the 
occupants of the building- would un- 
questionably have been fatally 
poisoned. .Similar submerged inlets in 
photographic and X-ray developing 
tanks were formerly common, but 
ifortunately less acutely dangerous, 
pome types of toilets, bedpan wash- 
|ers. liathtubs. and many other fixtures 
may also ha\e submerged inlets and 
must be properly safeguarded against 

When one realizes that a large 
office building or hotel may contain 
it one time as many people as a fair- 
sized town, and because of the eon- 
nual coming and going of difl'erent 
peojjle, in :\ year it may have within 
ts doors enough iieo|)le to ])opulate 
arge city, the need of as competent 
engineering supervisicm of the design, 
construction and maintenance of the 
utilities, such as water sup])ly and 
weragt-. in such buildings as in ;i 
town of equal population, at once 
imes a])parent. .Actually, however, 
the large building often presents 
greater engineering problems, since. 
Iiecause of its height, the range of 
pressure variations in the water-sui)- 
)ly system is greater than in a town 
■onsisting of low buildings, and tbi' 
lerd of conserving valuable s))ace in 
ireas of high rents further compli- 
cates the probhnis of design and 

.\dded to this is til.' f.-iet that in 
many cities the sewers in the down 
town sei-tions were luiilt ni.inv years 
ago. at a time when )iresent lo.-uls 
were not anticipated. This conditi(m 

of outgrown sizes of sewers, together 
with the .-ulvent of air eonditi<niing 
on .a large scale with its accompany- 
ing discharge of considerable quanti- 
ties of condenser water c;n warm days, 
has overloaded the sewers to a 
dangerous extent in many cities; this 
is sometimes .a faet(n- in causing epi- 
demics, as will 111- more clearly 
brought out in tile consideration of 
the fourth of the epidemics of spe- 
cial interest to the engineers. 

Thr Chic(i<i<i Jmrhic I) i/.srntrr ,/ 

Possibly the most widely known 
epi(b inie of water-borne origin of re- 
cent ye.-irs oet-urred in Chieago in 
I !»:!.■'.. This epideniie of ameliic dys- 
entery occurred .at the time of the 
first se.ason of the Century of Prog- 
ress Exposition, often called the 
second Chicago ^^'orld's I'air. Two re- 
sults of the investigation of this out- 
break h.-ive been .a new conception of 
the way in wiiieli .amebic dysentery 
may spread .ami ,a new recognition of 
the im])ort.nit jiart that plumbing 
pl.ays in tli>' ))reservation of healtli 
and j)revention of disease. The epi- 
demic spread to all liarts of the 
United .States and Canada and to .a 
slight extent across the ocean. The 
number of e.ises will probably never 
be exen a)i|iroximately known, be- 
cause of the wide geographic dis- 
tribution of the X ictinis and the great 
difficulty of securing reliable reports 
from m.any people se])arated by such 
dist.anees. However, the official re- 
jiort on the epidemic, written by a 
grou]) of not.ible exjierts and ()ub- 
fished by the Lnited States Public 
Health Service, makes mention of 
more than fourteen hundred cases 
and nearly one Inmdred deaths. Not 
all of these were ))roved to be from 
tlie same source, but in many eases 
full informaticni not re- 
garding possible eont.aet with the 
eonnnon source. 

This was the first tinu- an epi- 
deniii- of amebic dysentery in a civil 
))o]iid.-ition was pro\ed to be w.ater- 
liorne. l're\iously it was gencrallx 
aceepti-d infectious foo<i was the 
medium of tr.ansmission i)ar excel- 
lence. It was natural, therefore, 
at first the efforts to halt the spread 
of the infection should be principal Iv 
directed to the examination and cmi 
trol of food .111(1 food-handlers in the 
hotel from uhieh the first c.ases were W'li.n these efforts iiroved 
un.iv.ailiiig. other possiliilitiis were 
iiitiiisi\ ily imestigated and 
.after niueh careful detective W(n-k. the- \i-ct(U- of traiisinission found 
ilriiikiiig w.iter eoiit.iiiiin.ifeil by 
sew.-igc ill thi' hot. 1. 

.V leaking sewir pipe dinctly cucr 
a cooling tank of ilrinkiiig water be- 

came flooded with sew.age. bei'ausc o{ 
the crowded condition of the hotel in- 
c'ident to the arrival of an unusually 
large nuniber of guests who came to 
\isit the U'orld's Fair, and also be- 
cause of the undersized sewers avail- 
able for carrying otf the increased 
amount of sewage, particularly during 
storms. During the periods of flood- 
ing, sewage backed up in the leaking 
sewer pipe, forced its way out through 
the holes and dripped onto the wooden 
cover of the t.ank below and perco- 
l.atcd throngli it. contaminating the 
drinking water within and spreading 
the disease to guests and employees 
in .all [larts of the hotel. 

Pl.acing ;i sewer pi|ic which is sub- 
ject to heavy o\erlo.iding directly 
above a drinking-water tank in this 
manner is faulty design, and an 
example of the neglect of the funda- 
ment.als of hydraulics which has fre- 
(puiitly been instrumental in spread- 
ing diseasi-. The danger from a leak 
in the siwer pijie inherent in sucli 
relative jiositions of sewer .and w.iter 
tank is evident. 

With the coming of hot weather, 
an .air conditioning plant in the hotel jil.aced in servit'c from time to 
time, involving the occasional use of 
.111 interconnection between the air 
conditioning mechanism and a sewer 
pi])e in the hotel basement for dis- 
charging surjilus condenser water. 
The investigation indicated that fail- 
ure to close tightly a valve on the 
interconnection permitted sewage to 
make its way into the pijjc carrying 
condenser water, whenever the head 
of sew.age ill the sewer pipe on one 
side of the leaking valve exceeded 
the head of water in the water pipe 
on the other side. This sewer, also. 
was .at a higher elevation than the 
t( iidciiser w.ater pijx- with which it intercimncc'ted. Subsequent use 
of this condenser w.iter. intermittently 
contaminated with sewage througii 
the interconnection of water pipe with 
sewer l)i|)e. further contributed to the 
spread of disease, both in the hotel 
of origin ,and in another hotel .across 
t!ie street served bv tile s.ime w.ater 

Aftrrmatti iif llir K pUhmic 

.\s soon as the true cause of the 
epidemic discovired, immedi.ate 
correctioiw of the responsible einidi- 
tioiis were in.ade. Ill .addition, .a re- 
wampiiig of the iiitire dr.aiii.agi- sys- 
tem ill the hotel W.IS done, greatly 
increasing the size of sewers to 
relie\e the sureh.irgiiig .and iireveiit 
b.ickiiig lip of sew.age under ]ieik 
lo.ids in future .\ Large force of 
highly competent s.niit.ary engineers 
.and |ilunibiiig inspectors was em- 
ployed .it once to study .all other 
(Turn to page 45; 




Till' Knlidts .-ire im .-1(11111: iii(liistr\ . 
I„r the clrr;i,i, tlli^ l„rii 
(icc-urriiiLC qiiirth luit prrsisttiitly. In 
n-ci-nt Vf.-irs the pace accflfrattd 
until it lias almost assmmd tin- 
"lilitzkrifi;" stagf. 

Tlu-st' Robots hav,- n(.t In.ii of the 
kinil lustoniarily (Itpictcd. a liunian 
fiirni ai'tu.-itrd liy various nu-cliani<-al 
(livicts iiiatilin;;- it to sinuilatf human 
motions. Tiny have liccn ".i>a(l,i;tts" 
of multiplf forms wliicli would per- 
form tlif functions of a human luinij: 
in actu.atiiiir the controls on some 
industrial process without in ,iny w.iy 
rcscmlilini; the form of .1 hrin.j 
nor simulatiuir its motions. 

The ri-sult has been the automatii' 
control of many industrial processes 
wliich a few years )).ist de)icndcd on 
intellip;ent human control for their 
proper functionintr. .\ ))roccss ot this 
same type which is will known .and 
rather wi(hly used is the .automatic 
control for the ilomcstic heater. it 
cmbodi.s of the controls 
wliich :ir. rather uiih used and 
therefor, pre srnts m.iny of tlie prob 
Icms found in other similar indus- 
trial .applications. 

Assume that the c.mtrol desired is of tein|i<r.iture. The first ((Ues- 
ti(ui to l>e decided is: where sliould 
the control instruments be located." 
The dwcllinir consists of 
rooms, more or less intcrconncctcil. 
Obviously (a>ntrol instruments in- 
tended to control the source of 
cainiot be located in every room when 
there is only our source of heat. One 
method for controllina; heat uses .1 
control instrument in each room, con 
nccted to the radiator valvi- in 
room. .\ constant supplv id' 
must be .■issiinied. 

The temperature .at tin- control 
jioint is .ipproxim.ately that desired 
but the temperature in other parts 

of the room m.ay di-vi.ate much or 
little from this v.alue. dipcndini;- on 
the movement of .air within the room. 

The temperature stated to be 
.apjtroximatcly desired because 
there must be some .appreci.ibic tluc 
tu.ation in tcmjicr.ature to c.uisc the 
o)icnini; or closinji of the steam valve 
on the radiator. The ijeneral result 
is most of the time the room 
temperature is either above or below 
that which is desired. The deviation 
is. in this instance, not .a m.itter for 
serious consideration. 

Comment on conditions inHucnciiiii 
the tem))cr.iturc control of the room 
has been extended as sim 
ilar I' .in- to Ik- notid in 
.-ill ])roecsscs controlled throu-h in 

The control is wli.-re tin- control 
instrument is loc.-itcd. The charac- 

ti-ristic bcinu: controlled is. duriufr the 
iirc.iti r ji.irt of the time, not i-xactlfi 
.-it the control point. This was a seri- 
ous f.iult in early designs of control 
instruments but been ncarlv eliin- 
in.-ited in jin sent instruments. 

One of the outst.iiidiiiii- instrinnents 
sei-uriug i-loser control of desired 
conditions is the .Microai.ix i-ontrol- 
ler. <leveloi)ed by Leeds and North- 
ru]) initially for close ti-mjicrature 
control but adai)table anywlure that 
the initial impulse is electrical or 
tr.insnuitablc into an electrical im- 

The dcsi-ription ot the Mieromax 
Klci-trit- Control together with the 
dr.-iwings (lei)ieting the install.-ition 
and o|icr.-ition id' this i-ontrol arc 
taken from liti-r.-iturc suiijilied by the 


Figui'e C 

Au.ihary Control Ci 

The Bas,.t of M.K.C. Control 
{Fkjure A) 

(1) When tiiii|K-raturc, for in- 
stance, varies from the required 
value, the eliange in tlierniocouple 
emf unbalances the measurino; circuit. 
(2) The galvanometer deflects and 
engages the motor-driven Micromax 
mechanism, which turns (3) the meas- 
uring slidewire to restore measuring- 
circuit balance and at the same time 
(•!■) turns (mechanically) the control 
slidewire, on the same shaft, to un- 
balance the control circuit. Just as 
measuring-circuit unbalance deflected 
galvanometer, so control-circuit un- 
balance actuates the relay (5). Tlie 
relay energizes the valve-drive motor 
(6), which simultaneously turns the 
valve to readjust fuel supply, and the 
valve-slidewire to restore control-cir- 
cuit balance. 

^^'ith the above basic circuit, each 
temperature within the throttling 
range would have a correspondini; 
valve jiosition. If tlir load for which 
the control ha<l been adjusted wtrr 
to undergo a sustained change, the 
valve could not take the position iwc 
essary to bring temperature of the 
changed load back to control point 

. . .and tile control eurxe would 

A iiiaiiiial iiictlioil for coiitroUniti 
the triiipcriitiirc xcitlihi iiarroxc raii(i<s 
is a " iiiaiiiial ilroop cornctor." { Fig- 
ure B. ) 

To bring the changed to con 
trol temperature, it nnist be possibh 
easily to establisli a new relation 
ship between temperature .and \,il\i 
position. The relationship is there 
itore made ;i<ijustable by eqni])ping all 
IM.K.C. Controls with rheostats in 
iand H. Hy turning these, the ()|ierator 
changes the relationshiji of the re 
'sistances in the control circuit so that 
balance occurs with tiie valve in 
(wliatcver position ni.ay be neeess.ary 
ito eliminate drooj). 

This correction niai/ al.\o he nuidi- 
\aiitomaticallij {Figure C). When teni 
perature varies from the required 

v.alue, control slidewire inoxcnuiit 
unbalances init only Control Circuit 
.\. but also -Auxiliary Control Circuit 
!>. L'nbahuue in Circuit B causes re- 
lay /) sinniltanerni^h- to energi/e 
droop-ecn-reetcn- motor ;is well as 
heater r or .v. While unbalance in 
Circuit B is causing the droop-cor- 
rector motor to turn the rheostats ni 
and H in Circuit .\, heat from r or .v 
is temporarily raising the tempera- 
ture of coil /' or f), and therefore its 
resistance. When tliis tempor.iry 
ch.ange in resistance balances Circuit 
B. the droop-corrector motor stops. 
At the same time, heater r or .v is no 
longer energized, so that coil /' or </ 
begins to cool. In cooling, its resist- 
ance lowirs so tliat Ciriaiit B is .again 
unbalanced, .and rel.ay h .ag.ain ener- 
gizes droop-corrector motor and heat- 
er r or .V until tem|)orary balance is 
.again reat'hed in Circuit B. This .ac- 
tion jiersists until Circuit 1? reaches t-(|uilibriuni « ith resist.anee in 
coils /' and </ <-(| This I'.an luily 

occur when temperature or other con- 
trolled condition is at the control 

It will br notr.l that til,- .Micromax 
I'.lectric Cinitrol illustr.ated controls 
;. valve on .a line. This could be a 
gas line su))plying fuel to ;i beat- 
treating furnace and the controller 
would then be utilized in maintaining 
a certain pre-determined temperature 
in the furnace. It might lie ,ap))lifd 
on a steam line controlling the How 
of steam through the line. thus, in 
turn. controlling the teni|jer.ature 
maintained at the point .at which the 
steam is beins used. 

It will be noted that tais method 
of i-ontrol is complex as eomiiared 
with the method of control previously 
described for the temperature in a 
ro(nn. The control with tlie Miiromax 
Controller is to a much narrower tem- 
perature range than would be pos- 
sible with such control as was illus- 
trated in the heated room. 

The other disturbing feature, local- 
ized control, is still serious. This is 
true jjarticularly when, for example, 
it is desired to control the composi- 
tion of .1 mixture in a large reaction 
vessel. 'I'he etfieienev of the mixing 
e<piipment and the location of the 
control point are of [laramount im- 
portance. Per these, and certain 
other reasons, one manufacturer rec- 
ommends the abandonment, so far as 
])()ssible, of large-scale react i o n 
equipment and jjrocessing materi.als in 
I'irculation. The .application of this 
idea will be developed in one of the 
ex,ini|iles cited Later. 

Process control instruments, 
e\er m,ay be the ty]ic. depelul for 
their functioning lui some inipulxc 

nriiriiiatiiii;' in tin- iirocis-.. TliK m.n 
lir M (■h.iiiiiiiiu tiin|i(r,ituiT. Iiiaiiiditv 
|iiT-,Miri'. Mill.ii;. or :iiii|ii r.i^r. r.ili 
(il (liiw. ill iisity. or li\ ilriii;i M inn inn 
1-1 inn. 'I'Iiiit .-.n: ntln rs Inil I 
m.-ijnr (Uir-. liciii st.itrd. 

Till- inilustri;il i trni nf hiirniilitv 

i^ nnr nl tllr lnn^t llililnilt itl■|n^ wr 
li.iM tn .-niitrol litlirr in,i n iia 1 1 v nr 
.■ilitoiii.-itic.illy. 'I'll, Ti .in tun nil tlinils 
of makiiii>- siu-li .■ontrnl. lintli nl tlirsr 
ilrpiiiil for tliiir n|Hr;itinii nil ilitiir 
1 luTs rxistiiiii" 1)1 twt'fii wet and drv- 
luilli londitinns. Onr of til. -ill iitili/is 
for inritrnl tlir di tfrrrnt i.-il ti niprr.i 
turr 111 tun II ^|ll■l•ial types nf uit .iiid 
dry-liiilli thiriiiniiirtrrs. tr.iiisl.itiiii; 
tlicsi- tiiii|iir;itiirr di iVi riiin s iiitii ,i n iiiipulsr wliiili is tliiii 
p.issrd tlirnui:li .i M i.roiii.ix (on 
trollir .irtii.itiim tlir ili\ in . liy wliirli 
niorr or Irss moistiin is .•iddrd to tin 

air 111 in:; ri r.iil.iti d tliroimli tlir >p.-i<-r 

in wliiili liinnidit\ rnntrol is disiriil. 

■I'll' "II"'- niitlind of i-nnlrnl ill ,„ r„,„„,,l 'is ll„n n nniMil l,v pass 

nds lor its npi r.itinn on tin- I, iiotl, |,,„ ,i„, ,„,,,,„,.,, ,,( ,,i| ,,,,,1 ^„,,, 

it tlir disirril (■onrintr.-ition to 
nr.isiirnl .inantitv of oil. Tlir so 

In of ,1 nnnilii r of sir.inds nf liiiin.-.ii li 

.at \.ir\iiiir iiinistiiri- rniidit ions. It 
sounds .as if this im tliod nf rnntrnl 



sii-ond.iry .ad j iist.ilili- displ.uaniilit 
inrtrr ill till- liiii- carrying; tin- triat- 
inu' rliriiiii;il. 'I'lusr ,iri- liiikid to- 
mtliir liv c'ontrol lims. ( oiiiliin.atinn 

or any ntliir nil. BriiHv tin- pro.r. 
consists in .aiidini;- ,i pn drtrrinim 
qil.alitity nf sodiiiiii liydroxidr solutii 

'( I'rnportioiiiirs. Inc. ', Trcct- 

() ( ontrol svstciii consists of .a How- 
niiulit not 111 \,r\ .icciir.ati ; \it in ■ ' , t ■ .i i- 

, , ■ , • rcspoiisnr iii.asti r iintir in tlic lino 

pr.ictlic It I., IS slnUMl itsill to In olli I • ,1 1 , I , , I I 

, . I , ,. c.irr\ iiiii' tlic oil to lir treated, .and ;i 

ol our lust iiiillioils ol siiuriiiL; 

liuniidity control. 

.\n ixciiiplitication of tin- rati<i 
foiilrol of two li(]iii(Is, ciiti-riim- into 
.a coniiiion stream .and thus liciiiii- iu 
the required proportions for a satis- "' """'■ *"" ""''- '■•■'" '"' "ixratcd at 
faetorv reaction is to I.e found in the ■'">' ''^'^'' I"*"'"' Miaxinuiiii and niin- 
Treet <) ( ontrol system, di signed .and '"""" 'I'P'U'l'i'.ii' "I"'" tl"^' minilicr of 
huilt In ', Proportioneers "liie ', <>ntrifuiics in operation at any pvcn 
and usi'd in the rctliiiim- of eottonseeil ''""'• ''''"' "I"''''''"- '•■■'" '■""trol the 

entire system with .a sinjile x.ahi- 
which riiiul.ates the rate .at which the 
oil flows tlir.nmh the master Trcet-O- 
Control Meter. The stcondarv chem- 
ical meter then follows this first unit, 
rcMilution for re\iilution. 'I'lic e.aus- 
tic-oil r.atio is .adjust, d liy a ilisplaia- 
111. lit .1.1 jiistmint .m tin' ch.iiii.'al 

Iliiih fri.|iieiu-y is .acliie\cd Iiy the 
us.' .if w.'.'ir r.'sist.'iut matcri.-ds such 
.'IS I Ilium and .St. Hit.- with tlic result tlu' cheniic.'il ni.t.r c.'in operate 
.'it .■ from "ID to r.'O lil'.M 
when the oil flow thr.inu:li tlu- m.istcr 
meter is 10 (iP.M. .Standard 
O-C'ontrol units for trc.'itment .d' food 
prodn.t .lils he olit.'iiiic.l in ,'ie- 
cordan.e with tlu' f.ilh.winu scliedule: 

LNIT .\ 

Oil .M.'iximum 1 ."> (IPM 

( .'iiistie M.'iximum 0.,S() (il'.M 


Oil M.'iximum 2.-) GPM 

C'.'iusti.' M.'ixiinuiii --'.IT (iPM 

L.'irit'.r e.'ip.'i.'it \ units .ir.' ;ilso 

rile s.'im.' ii|uipiiii'iit .'ippli.'s t.) 
.ther .'ipplie.'itioiis su.'li .is th.' .'leid 
tr.'atinu' of luliricatiim' oils, and sol- 
\ lilts; lilendini;' of lulirie.-itiiii; oils, 
and solv.'iits: I.Kndiiii;' of fatty acids. 
silic.'it.'s. soil.'i .'ish, liiiht oils an.l per- 
t limes in the iii.i nil f.'u't lire of s.);i])s ; 
lil.'iidinji' of fatty .'leids .'ind oils in the 
m.'iniif.'ieture of driers ,iii<l p.aints. 

Th.' inst.'illation ih-.-iwinir of the 
i.|uipinint is shnwii ill SI) -f.")!- while 
th. ■Iir.'iins" nf the installation are 
shown ill th.' photoii'r.'i|ih. 

I n.lustri.'il I'.uitrol .d Indroiicn inn 
coiic.iitr.'itioii is il.sir.'.I in iii.iny of 
our cli.'iiiic.'il .niiiiu'.riiii;' (iroecsscs. 
\ hint as to Imw it niinlit li.' installed 
is i;i\i'ii. .\ssum. tli.'it two liipiids .'ire 
In iiiii' prnpnrtioii.'d to .i eert.'iin lin.'il 
hvdromn ion .■.incentr.'ition. W.- c;in 
tin II tlow .1 p.'irt of .uir proiliict 
(Turn to page 46) 




Motion stiuly has fiijoyed an in- 

reasing popular interest. Last year 

conference on time and motion study. 

Id in Cliieaso. and to be repeated 

is Ni)veml>er, drew over a thousand 

len from industry. It may be of 

iterest to tlie readers of the Engi- 

EER to find out what is meant by 

linie study and what possibilities it 

olds for the engineer and for the 


Curiously enough the whole sub- 

ct. front-jjage news although it has 

ecu in industrial journals for the 

ast few rears, is at least forty or 

ftv years old in nearly all of its 

ntials. A young contractor by the 
ame of Frank Ciilbreth was hd by 
ssociation with F. W. Tavlor and an 
isatiable curiosity to pioneer, witii 
le able assistance of his wife, prac- 
cally all of the techniques today in 
se. Most operating men. liowever. 
lid to themselves: "This is interest- 
ig laboratory research, but it docs 
ot concern us." About 19:^0. Factor 1/ 
anaficmoit anil Maintenance, an in- 
ustrial publication, began to feature 

unts of what iiad been aeconi- 

led by the aj)l)lication of motion 
tudy techniques. Today there is a 
ave of interest and adoptions of this 
^^'hat is this modern manic which 
being taught by schools and by 
igh-jjriced consultants, and for which 
lull claims liave been made "' When 

examines it in detail, the mystery 
ipidly evaporates. The procedure is 
ised on sim|)le methods for the re- 
lied oliservation of what happens 
hen a man works. .Such observation 
-sually uneoxcrs possibilitiis fm- im- 
rovenu nt. 

To a viry surprising exttnt. indus- 
rial executives (and the situation is 
y no means confined to industry) are 
pt to gi\i' a man an order and leaxe 
im to work out his own )iroeedure. 
n tile case of a workman, the natural 
ling is to follow the traditional ]iro- 

cedure. or if the task is new. to im- 
]jrovise ])rocedures and work them out 
with the available materials and tools 
without much hel)) from management. 
.\lso. the average workman has never 
been taught to be conscious of the 
time element: his attention has been 
focused on the quality or the result, 
and much hss on procedure. The 
wastes which result from such hap- 
hazard ]ilanning would be ]ierfectlv 
obvious if one looked at tliem in de- 
tail. For example, a man may drill 
hundreds of pieces on a drill press 
every day. Each time he reaches 
alio\e his head to start his machine. 
He may in some eases go through an 
extremely awkward and time-consum- 
ing procedure in clami)ing and hold- 
ing each |)iece. 

The does not question 
these wastes, sanctioned as they often 
are by long custom. He expects to 
work with tile machines which have 
been given to him. The management 
does not question them. It assigns 
the work, .-md assumes that the 
W(M-ker will carry the orders out. Be- 
tween the two stools, the job falls 
to the ground. .S,i the first thing to 
do when one makes a motion study of 
an operaticni is to examine details 
stej) by stcj). and to ask himself for 
each stc)). "Is this the best, the most 
laborsaving method of jicrforming 
this step?" .Startling results often 
follow this examination. It is not un- 
common to find that the work can be 
done in one-tenth of the time, and 
this with very little in the way of 
extra equipment and with no .addi- 
tional effort on the )iart of the worker. 
Trained cNamination siin|il\" discloses 
the fact that nine out of ten of the 
motions used have einitribnted noth- 
ing' to the result, and couhl be elim- 
in.-ited. This ratio, of course, is not 
typical. I'.xpi rieiice indicates, how- 
ex er. that ill simps uliere systematic 
niotien studies liaxi Ik in made, the 

savings ni.ay well average one-third 
(HI routine manual operations. 

^^ hen one begins to observe details. 
he is led to finer and finer observa- 
tion. In this, the work truly follows 
the development of engineering an- 
alysis. Ciilbreth. for example, worked 
out a classification of motions of the 
hands, classifying them in such simple 
elements as grasp, transport loaded, 
release load. etc. There were about 
seventeen of these motion classes in his 
original analysis. Take as an example 
the drill )iress o)ieration just men- 
ticnied. To m.ake ;in .analvsis of it 
from this standpoint of recording the 
small elementary o])erations by which 
the total task was performed, one 
would take the right hand. and. 
watching tlii' operator, proceed to list 
in order: grasp part, transport to 
drilling table, hold, and so on through 
the series of operations. Then one 
would watch the left hand perform 
the corres|)onding set of operations. 

.\ nfiiiement soon came into use in 
making the .inalysis. The moving pic- 
ture camera jirovided the perfect 
mech.iiiism for making detailed syn- 
chronizt-d records of what the oper- 
.itor was doing. For refined observa- 
tions, motion stuily engineers quickly 
began to work from the camera rec- 
ord, r.ither than from direct observ.a- 
tion. The camera also (jermitted a 
very exact measure of the time for 
each clement, since the average mo- 
tion jiicture camera is speeded for six- 
teen frames or exposures per second. 
(U- approximately one thousand per 
minute. Hy counting tile number of 
exposures or by photographing ;i f.ast- 
inoving eloek in tlie jiieture. it be- 
comes ))ossible not onlv to record the 
motions, but to measure cpiite ixaetly 
tile time they take. 

Kitlur liv unaided \ isual observa- 
tion, or by means ol the reeoriling 
arrangiiiieiits just deserilnd. we e.iii 
iKiw picture the engineer as hax iiig 
before him a I' sliowiui; in |iar- 


allfl. and if desired. U< turn- sc.ilf. tlir 
motions inrfoniiid by cacli li.iiid in 
puttiiiir till- j)ii-ct- in the drill (jhss. down the drill and drillinir 
till |iart. rcliasins tlu- drill, ninovinj; 
till- |iart. and lirusliin"; away tin- cliips. 
This ncord in itsilf cliannts notli- 
iiitr. I well nnunilur tin- sense of 
frnstration with wliieli two students 
pr.seiited a .liart on wliieli tluy liad 
spent many hours of lahor and said: 

■ I'rofisMir. what do we do now'" 
However. .1 eareful serntinv ot the 
eh.irt is likely to reve.-il some inter 
estin.u- ditails. I'or example, one hand 
niav ha\e been eiiiraa;ed for nearly all 
of some operations in holdinir tin- 
part. .\s one eni;ineer juit it in t.alk- 
inu- to his foreman: ■"I'he poor irirl 
who did this nnist have been .1 erip))le. 
.she worked entirely with one hand. 
Why not (leviloj) a simple foot-oi)er- 

■ iteii holdinjl dev iee and relieve the 
one hand.-" This was done in the 
case mentioned. But it soon became 
.ipjiarent tli.-it further economies would 
be possible. By conibininsi; another 
t(chnii|ne. of nieasurinsc the 
1( ULith of motions, with the technique 
of nu-.-isnrinii' the time retiuired. it was 
iioti<'ed that for each l)art tapped the 
woman oi)er.itor had to reach above 
her head to iiTasp the lever which con 
trolled till t.ippinsc machine. A little 
inii'enuity .at once .suo;jrested that the 
t.i))pin<r head be controlled by a foot 
|iedal. This was done, .and at once 
nearly one-half the fatiiiue involved 
in the job disappeared. Other im- 
provements resulted when a chute was 
arr.inired b.iek of the drill jires.s, so instead of pickinji up the piece 
.and reinovinir it from the press, all 
that was necess.iry was to push it into 
the chute. Kinafly. a little electric 
(•(Mit.ict was arransred which automat- 
ically l)roui;ht down the ta))pinir liead 
when the jiart was put into position. 
When the o))er.ition was finished, tin- 
tinu- required was less one-h.alt 
the |irevions time: the fatigue re 
(bleed in .111 even i;re.ater ratio. 

Most of the ex.imples of motion 
study work so f;ir ))ublishid h.ave been 
in tile field of the lijihter repetitive operations, liut it will at once 
suiiirist itself that manv office proce- 
dures iiniiKc liiiht opir.itioiis. 
some of which .are re|ietiti\e on :i 
l.irije scab-. .\ b.ank. on an.alysis. found some thirty per cent of its two employees were en<i,aj;ed in 
routine tasks, .and m.ade a 
jirotit.ible .i|ij)lication of motion study. 

\\' .applies to littht o))eration.s 
applies even more to licavy ones, 
where till' wciiiht involved .and the 
nnisc-ular itt'orts are so much l.irtrer. 
.and while it may not be practie.ibb- 
to li.ivi- .a tr.iined motion stuily 
( nirineer .an.alvze operations to bi p<r 


formed only once or twice, it is 
ticable to indoetrin.ate everv slio|) em- 
ploye with the simpler j)rocedures of 
motion study, so tliat before he starts 
an ojieration he will mentally an.ilyze 
it and use an etficicnt method. 

As a matter of f.act. the true imjior- 
tanee of moticni study prob.ably lies 
in this suiliristion. for there .are c'l.asses of work which because 
of their limited volume will st.and 
the expense of enilincerinji .an.ilysis. 
It has been shown by experiiilie that 
s.iviuils nearly as < m.ay be ni.ule 
when till- men themstdves undirst.and 
the rules of motion econoniv. 

Naturally, the various possible 
kinds of w.iste motions in o|)erations 
h.ive bi 111 studied, recorded and 
sitied. .\lmost instinctivelv a trained 
moti<Hi study enaineer asks liimsidf: 
"'t'ould this oper.aticui In- |)erfornied 
simultaneously by both' Is 
the work pace arranijed for greatest 
economy of eftort? Is the rhythm of 
the work ffood : .\re unnecessary mo- 
tions performed?" — and so on through 
a list of some twenty or thirty pub- 
lished rules. There is no doubt that 
this list will grow with the pr.ii'tice 
of the art. 

So nuieh for the procedure. It 
would be impossible to describe it 
fidly in .1 single article and there 
,ire many jiublished articles and hooks 
describing it in detail. A new |)roce- 
dure which promises savings as large 
as these is an imjjortant one partic- 
ularlv at a time when the nation faces 
a gigantic need for new production. 

Certain questions will at once oc- 
cur to the reader regarding this work. 
If one person under direction of .i 
motion study man can do the work 
of ten, or even if more typically, two 
can do the work id' three, there is the 
question of where the employees thus 
released will turn for a living. This 
is ,in old, old problem. Kvery time 
the engineer invents ,a new machine, 
we face the same (jroblem. .and ll.avi' 
f.iced it since time In .1 
sense, the .answer is clear. \\'lien mon- 
is produced, there will be more to 
divide. In the light of today's urge 
for rapid preparation for defense, this 
(luestion will not be as much to the 
fore ,is it has been during the lean 
years fidlowing the great depression, 
but it is there, ;ind we might .as well 
face it. We have not ptrfected yet 
.all the in.iehinery necessary to employ 
to the .idv.intage of the individual and 
societv .all of the energy released by 
the m.achinc or by the improved tech- 
nique of the motion study man. 15ut 
we should not for this reason discon 
tinue our teehniial advances. R.ither 
we should seek so to coordinate our ert'ort that the full 
.idv.ant.ige of these advances mav be 

realized without letting the cost of 
the change fall wholly on the shoul 
ders of the worker. Discretion in in 
troducing changes suddeidy (if nee 
ess.iry in forced by such legislation .as 
the unem|iloynunt insurance i)rovi 
sions) is b.isicilly tlu- answer to thesi 

.Anyone who has worked in a shoji 
will at once sense .another problem. 
What do workers think of the time 
.and motion stLuly man? To this there 
seems to be devt loping rather a sur 
(irising answer. Workers do not like 
.and never h.ave liked time study. This 
.article not atteni|)ted an exposi 
tion of time study ])ractiee but. in 
brief, the pur))ose of making a time 
study is to set a time for the perform- 
.mee of a t.ask .as the b.asis for pay- 
ment for the t.ask. (Obviously, a 
knowledge of the time required is .1 
by product of a good motion study. 
.Simply by .adding tin- elementary 
times, with |)roj)er allowances for in- 
terru])tions. fatigue and other non- 
routine items, one arrives at the cor- 
rect time.) In the jiast many time 
studies have been made without adi - 
qu.ate nmtion .an.alysis. When neitlnr 
side knows ex.ictly how long a task 
shnulil take, there is a considerable 
.area for discussion as to what the 
ex.ut tinn' .and jiayment should be. 
The job of tile time study man is 
traditionally a lontrovcrsial job. The 
time study man is tolerated; the work- 
man realizes that some sort of .a 
measurement is necessary, but it 
would be a mistake to expect him to 
enjoy the process, particularly since 
he does not underst.nid it .and 
little voice in it. 

It is the same element 

enters iiicident.ill v into motion studies, 

but tlirr. i-. -Ill iiitrresting difference 

(Turn to page 47) 


Ocin Diitton s .article in this issue 
suggests the iiureasing import.anee 
of time and motion studv in improv- 
ing the erticiency of industrial produc- 
tion. Our .Summer (iradu.atc Institute 
course in tlli^ subject, given by Pro- 
fessor Halph M. Barnes of Iowa 
State University, was particularly in- 
teresting .and was well .attended, the 
registration b e i n g ,a)ipro\im.ately 

The .Soci- 
ety will hold its third national time 
.and motion study clinic .at the Chi- 
cago Towers Club, November eighth 
.and ninth. Engineers ia>ncerned with 
production will fintl much of interest 
in the |)rogr.ini. l'r(>fes^or Leonard 
.1. Lease. Coordinator mi 
our f.iculty. is of tin- pro- 
gr.ani committee. 


Thoiijih it s])reacls across the entire nation, 
tlie Bell Telejilione System is sinijile in 
structure. "^ on can think of it as a tree. 

The 21 associated operatinj; companies 
. . . >vliich provide telephone service in 
their respective territories. 


The American Tclcjdione and Telcirraph 
Coni|)any . . . which coordinates s)stem 
activities, advises on telephone operation 
and searches for impro\cd nictiiods. 

ROOTS T.l.plione Lahoratorics .. .whose 

functions are scientific research and 
development; ^ estern Electric . . . manu- 
facturer and distrihutor for the svstcni; 
Loni; Lines Department of A.T. &T. . . . 
which interconnects the operatinjj; com- 
panies and handles Limj; Distance and 
overseas telephone service. 

^V ith common policies anil i(l<'als. tlie 
15ell System companies wiuk a- oi 
to give you the finest, 
friendliest tele|)]iorie 
scr\ ice ... at lowest C(>>l. 




■ri„ Dromlnr. IM:;ii, isM.r ot thr H,n,-v T. H,Mi,l ua. rlrrtr.l I'.v.i- *( lumistrv-H. B. Itcu.I 

\u^u,vn F.N„,NKKH AN.> A...MNts .l.n t n t ' 1 1 1 , Hois Institutr of T.-.hnol- *Kn^lish & Lan-uajres— ^^ alt.r 1 l.M- 

,,uhlislu-,i an a.vount of tlir a-nr- o-v a]„l I.intoi. K. (.ri.Urr. Vi,-.. ''•■"•k-' , . p r 1 

Lnt r.a.h.-.i on tlu,,li„u(Kt,. I'r.-si.l.nt. ()„ ScyUmUrv llth. tlio *.\ atlunmtu-s-I.rshr K. lord 

Inr Jlltl, l.v tlu- Hoards of Trustr.s Pr.sicU-nt announcv.! ])i^isional and *Fl.ysic-.s-. auu-s .S. 1 lumipson 

of Ar.nour' InstituU- of T.-.-hnolo-y Drpartnu-ntal oroani/ation of tli, In- *Ph.y.sical Kduoatu.n - John .1. 

and of I.rwis Institut,- to consolidate stitutt- as follows: .St'lionmur , , ,, , 

tiK- two schools and to iorn> fron> tlu- *l)r,,artnunts connnon to l.oth c-ol- 

,n,ion, Illinois Institutr .,f T.clinol- ARMOIR fOI.I.KdK OK KNOI !■ ,U_. s- 

,„.v In thr Mav numl.rr of thr N K F. K I Cliarlrs A. KvKN.N.. I ).Ms,oN— 1 Van.> 

KN(.IM:KH AM) Al.lMNLS in Til.hals 1'. Dutton 

,. , ^1 Dirrrlnr iir (m!\UI \L'K .SCllOOI, Dcan. LintoM 

wlucli proiirrss on thr merger was llinilmin leM 

.leserili.-.l. it was pointed out that I )rparl n„„t (han;mn, K (.rniter 

sinee the charter of Lewis Institute Arehit.etnre l.udwi- Mies xan der ,-^1 aetn e nu inlurs ot tUe st n 

,, -n .■ •. . 1 tl 1 1 . I, 1 o the eonilniung- eollejies continue 

was the wdl ot its loinider. tlie late |;,,|„. p -if 

,,, ^- I • ii f (■ ,1 ■ 1 1- • II \i -IS nieni hers of the rcoriranized tac- 

A len ( . Lewis, the earrviiia out ol ( heuiiea Lniiineerinii- — Harrv Me- . " 

.1 . ,. I (■.,,,-( .,,, ,• 1 ' uitv ol tile Illinois Institute. 

the aureenunt re(|Uire(l ( oiirt ap- C (UMnack ■,, , ,. , ;„,- J,.;..., 

, . ,. V , ,1 , 1 I- ■ ui i- !■ II tl,. he e( ucatioiial profirain. in\olMna; 

proval. Aceordnmlv, on No\einhei (m Knuincerinu- — Philip (. 1 luntlx ' " . 

,-.1 1 ■ n ■> .;t,,t 1 ;., ii .7 l- r f li actual consolidation on the two c.ani- 

■J.jtli, .a triciidh- suit was i list it utc il ill Klcctrical Kiiiiinecrinu- — I'.rnest 11. i- , vi. , 

, ,,. .. ,." 1 i , • I (■ t ,. ■ ■ luises, IS iiroceediiii;- .aci'ordllin to tlic 

the Circuit Court ot Cook ( oiinty 1- rccnian '. , . ' , 

hefore .hidne Hohert .l.roni. Dunne. Fire Protection Kiminecrinu—.Ioscpli to! ,. win- plan . 

.1 •• » ti t \ \, \ „i i> I- Instruction in dav classes ot eiiiii- 

tlie iiartles to the si it hiiiiii l.iwls )5 Finiieaan , i j ^i !■ i 

, \l .14 I .* f I ,, , 1 • II 1 n.eriiiii- students luvond the freshman 

Institute and .VriiKUir Iiistituti' ot Mceh.aiiical Kimineerin!;- — .lohn I. ,i i ■ " ;. ^; .,.,^„ 

,., , , 1 .1 (1.. ( ,. ,. on tie Lewis campus is rtiscon- 

Technoloiiv. and the Attorney den- ^ ,• Ott ■. , , ,, • : ,„ .f„ I .„,.. 

1 X- .i' ■ c» I I- III- • ,, 1 ■ ,1 I 1- i> I tinned .111(1 .ill eiminecriiiir students 

cral ot the .State ot Illinois. Mechanics— C h.irles l,. Paul . ,. , • , t ..„.: i„^Hti,te 

, , ,, I 1 I I 1 ...... ,, 1. i> n prexioiislv enrolled ill l.cwis InstltlUi 

.ludu:c Dunne h.inded <lown ,i de- Social hcieiicc — Heiirv P. Dutton • , . 

., II,- I »,.i ■ . 15 t> I.- ■ 1 n ciaiie .iiitoin.itie.illv stiuli'iits ot 

eree .ip|u-oviii-- th< i-onsnlid.ition. .iiid *C hcmistrv — 1^. B. Freud ■. .j „,fi, Si,),. 

on .Inly Jl. niKl. iiiiniediatily lol- * Knjriish &— Walter 1 lei, "^I'^l " ' ' " 

lowiii'i the issii.nice of the decree. (Iricks i .uiipiis . , l„,itf -,1 t,. 

.VhiUlt sixtv treshineii. .■idniitted to 

the Illinois Institute of Teehnoloi.y. *M,itlieniaties— Lester H. lend 
.\ C'onsolid.ition of .\rniour Institute *Phvsies .lames .S. 'I'lioiiipsoii 
of Technolojiv and Lewis Institute, *l'ir\ F.diie.-itioii - .lohn .1. 

.\rmour (dlleue of I'.niiineerini;-. .ire 
followiiu;- their coiiipht.- 
proLir.iin of stiidv on the Lewis 

I)ec;inie a cut it V. .Schoinini r 

Th,- purpose of the writers is to c-ainpiis „„_ii,l,, 

deserilH hrieflv the steps which have I.KWl.^s IN.STITITK OF AHT.S I. .Ill .lep.l tniellts wlui, possi 1 

hccn t.aken toward the actual eon A M ) .S( ' I K N ( ' F.S Dean. Clai- and pivicticaMe. ex.daii.e ot t.-ullt^ 

solid.ation of the two colleges, th. ,nee L. Clarke ,F,n-|iierlv Co mem urs 1" t"'''' <1- " '' ^ •' "P - 

or..ani/ation of the Illinois Institute. Director and Dean. L, wis In li- 1- n arr.iiiued in the int, n st ot 

and the aemral st.-itus of the Iiisti stitllte) .acqiiaintaneeship and unity. 

, , . ,■ . Dir.rlnr in- lie I-.xenini;- Di\ isimi has 

tnte ,it th. ,,p. ninu, ol its first y.'.ir. I),,,,tniin p I 

The Hoanl of Trustees of tl„- Mil I >r iu,rln„nt Ch„in,„n, lueii divi, ed hetwecn tile «■> -imp 

nois Institut.- of Technoloa-V is ma.le A,,pli,d .\rt-Mari, K. Blank, "- s. avmding- unn.-eessary dnplic. ion 

U,. of all th.- iiienil>ers of tlu- r.sp,.- Hiohmv Leslie H. Il.dri.-k -'I '-'n-s.-s. an.l , xtendiim' the eolle^, 

the Hoards of tl„- eomhinin. institu Husin. ss ^ F.-.momns,,, F. credit pro,gr-,m in engineeriiitr und.- 

tions. Its others are: .lames 1). Cun Le, '"■ -".«''; 'l'7-»'."" •'' ""' '''■"' "' 

nindiam. C-hairman: .\h x 1). Hailev, Fdueation. Psyehoio-v \ Phih.sophy the Lveniiii; Division. 

N'ice Chairman: .Ufr.d F. Kustie'e. -Clarence L. Clark. -VH irra.Iuatc work, in .Scienc, 

Secretary (nor-,- S. .Mlison, llistorv. Political .Sei, nee \ S.u-i..' well as in Lii..iiieerin.r. remains .ui 

urcr; Harold Va^^thor.,. Fx.-.ntive o.-y-.lolin D. Larkin the .Noiitl, .Sid.- >-'-lui- ^^ ^^ ^^^ 

Secretary. Home Kconoinies 


It's 33 to l-you 
know your beer, boss! 

Blended 33 Times to Make 
One Great Beer 

It takes 33 separate brews to 

make a single glass of Pabst 


You know it's blending that makes fine 
\%iiies, cofTee. and tobacco so gooH. And 
tliri>e ^vho drink Blue Ribbon can tell 
yon what blending does for beer! 

Try a glass of Pabst Blue Ribbon today. 
First enjoy the look of it — the clarity, the 
sparkle, the billowy head. Then enjoy 
your di^covery of what beer flavor and 
beer snioothne-s can be! 

In that gla^s — and in every glass of Blue 
Rildion-is a blend of not two. or five, or 
twelve . . . but 33 sejiarate brews from 33 
separate kettles. 

Each brew is as fine as choicest ingre- 
dients and Pabst's 96 years of ex|>erience 
can make it. Then all 33 are brought 
together in perfect balance. 

An expensive way to l)rew? Of course! 
But that's what makes Blue Ribbon 
America's premium beer^ with a smooth- 
ness that is unique... and a goodness that 
never varies. 

Sometime today, have the jileasure of 
meeting Blue Ribbon. 

^tiU BLEND Tieat /f^si^^ ^ /f^sez^ 

Faist Bine Ribbon 

\\< In, l';il.-t 


Ilk- Cniiiany. Milw^ulk 



s.iim V( ir I iiti rtil tlic i uiplDV of the 
('.MiiiMi>ii«< ,ilth 1', (1 i s n II t'oiupaiiy, 
wlim 111 has since sirvi-d c-ontimi- 
niislv ill IIh Kii;;iincriii<; and Oper- 
ating 1). jiartmints. Ilr is nmv C'liit f 
Opiratinir Knijincir. 

Mr. l?ailtv lias In-.ii aitixr on in- 
aiiuiriiiir an<l riscarili connnittct-s in 
tlu- tiilldwinir .iiirinrcrini; societies: 
I'.dison Klectric Institute; National 
Klectric I.ifrlit Association; Associ- 
ation of F.dison llliiniinatin!! Com- 
panies; Western Society of Knjli- 
iieirs; and Tlie American Society of 
Mechanical Kn.ilineers (Past Vice- 
I'resident and Senior Councillor). He 
is a nuinher of Tan Beta Pi; a Direc 
tor of Itilities Coordinated Research; 
was President of the Board of Trus- 
tees of Lewis Institute; is a number 

.lOSKl'H (.. Al.THKK is well 
known for his r.siarch in the petro- 
leum retininir industry. He is a n.i 
tive of Chicago, and joined tlu I ni- 
versal Oil Products C(ini|)any in 
liMli. He is self-educateii in the fun 
damentals of oil proeessinii'. ha\ini; 
studied and exjK riinented in tin 
backyard laboratory of th,- famous 
C. P'. Dubbs. inventor of tin- widely 
known Duiibs erackinir process. .Mr. 
Alther became Seeretarv of Lni\ 
Oil I'roducts in liHS. and \ice Pres- 
ident in 1!»-.'S. In 1 !>:!_' he conceived 
the id<a which tinally matured in 
Ii);i(! in jiatents eoverinii the Univer 
sal F,(piiHu\ furnace. He has been 
res])oiisible fur many other inven- 

HION .1. .MiNOIl) wa. bnni ii. ar 
(.rand K.apids. Mielni;.in. He at 
tended the Uinversitv of Nebraska; 
ree.iv<(l his B.S. degree at Hillsdale 

.Miehi^aiii Collen-e in 1S81-. and hi. 
.M.S. deiiree in 18S7; did iiraduate 
work at Cornell; received his K.K. 
deuree at the University of Nebraska 
in I.SiiT: and has honorary degrees 
from Hillsdale. .Vrmour. and Ne- 
brask.i. He has had a most notable 
record in consultation work, design, 
and construction of transportation 
systems and other jiublic utilities in 
,i"ll jiarts of the United States and 
Canada. He has ni.ade numerous in- 
ventions in the field of electrical 
e(piipnient. and has been a member 
of many boards and commissions. 
During the first World War. lie had 
assignments to nav.-il and army du 
ties, and attained the .army rank ot 
roh.nel. He is a trustee of Hillsd.ale 
(■(ilhiie and has been a member ot 
the Board of .Managers of Lewis 
liistituti'. Mr. .\rnold is a number 
of tlu' American Institute of Fdcetri 
eal F.ngiiuers (President 190:Mi)0n: 
nu-mber of the Western Society of 
Fngineers (President 190(M0n->: 
member .\nuTican Association for tie 
.Advancement of Science: member ot 
the Society for the Promotion of 
Kngineering F.due.ition; member ot 
the Inventors (iuild: memlur .and 
past [iresident of .\iro Clnb of lUi 
nois: m.inlur of the Military Order 
,,f th.' World ( p.ast eomm.ander 
of the Chic-ago Section 1 : .and uuni- 
l)er of ni.iny other engituering ,ind 
militarv organiz.itions. His clubs 
.are Fngineers (New York): I'nion 
L<-.igne: South Shore; : 
l-',ngine<rs: .and .\rniy .and N.i\y. 
Mr. .Vrnold livs at tTi:! Kinib.irk 

M off, -11 Sludu 

(,f the Fducation ( mnmittce of the 
Chie.iiici Assoei.atieni of Commerce; 
.and a numb.r and Director of the 
Union League Club of Chicago. He 
resiiies .at 1 I t South Kensington Ave- 
nue. I.. a (ir.ange. Illinois, where he 
is .1 member of the Civic and Country 
( lubs. and was .a \'illagc Trustee 
fen- femrteen ve.irs. serving the last' 

tvvn ,,s Pre .idint eef the' Be-.arel. 

.\I.F.\.\NDFH 1). B.MI.FY 
beirn .at .S.ahin. Wiseemsin. He- gr.-iel 
uat.-d from I.e-u is Institute- in liU):! 
with the ilciire-.- e.f M. F.. and in that 

.11 1)(.F .JOHN P. B.VUNFS was 
born in Beaver County, Pe nnsylvania. 
He graduated from (ieneva (Pa.) 
(■(illcire- in UKU with tlu- degree of 
r..S lie- W.-.s he. ue. re-el with the- L.I..D. 
eli-i.n-.-e- in l!»:ii!. .Vt the- University 
e.f ".Michigan be received the L.L.B. 
degree in 1!»07. aiul the hoimrary de- 
grr.- of L.L.NL in I!>;i:i. He .n- 
gage-d in the gciur;d j.raeticc of laW; 
Tn "chie-,-i!io from 1!>0T to Ii»:n. ex- 
ee pt fe.r till p. rie.el from UM-i to; 
liilL when he was first ,-issistant' 


ciuinty attorney of Cook County. 
Since 1931 he has been Judge of 
the United States District Court for 
the northern district of Illinois. Judge 
Barnes is a member of the American, 
Illinois State, and Chicago Bar Asso- 
ciations, and of the Union League 
('lull. His home is at 205 Soutli 
Sjiring Axeniie, La Grange. 

.virriii li ,1. H. CURTIS is ot 

New l''.iigland and Scotch Canadian 
aneestry. His New England fore- 
bears were active in the Revolution; 
afterward they moved to the Western 
Reserve country, where they engaged 
in clearing off timber and building 
canals. His grandfather moved his 
sawmill to South Bend, where he 
supplied the Lake Shore Railroad 
with millions of feet of timber for 
its original bridges and other struc- 
tures. Mr. Curtis's father left col- 
lege to join the LTnion Army. At tlu' 
time of bis death, his son four 
teen, and went to work in a litho- 
graphing shop. He saved his money 
until he was able to enter Lewis In- 
stitute, t.-iking advantage of an op- 
portunity that has come to several 
thousand other boys. He graduated 
in 1910 with the degree of M.E., 
and has ever since hi'eii engaged in 

Mofctt Studio 

research, promotion, or industrial 
relations work with the cement in- 
dustry. Since 1027 he has been .\s- 
sistant to the (ieneral Manager and 
Secretary of the Committee on Ac- 
cident Prevention and Insurance. He 
Secretarv of the Cement and 


This man is checking a G.T.D. Greenfield tap for 
accuracy, with the aid of a magnifying optical in- 
strument. Taps, dies and other small tools are also 
tested and inspected endlessly under actual work- 
ing conditions, to develop the refinements in 
design and performance that have made G.T.D. 
Greenfield the world's largest small tool manu- 




(^larry Section ol' the National 
.Sat'ity Coinieil: he li.-is been .-i mem- 
b.r of the i5oard of Managers of 
Lewis Institute: .-iiid is a member 
of the American Society of Agricul- 
tural Fyngineers. During the first 
\\'orld \\:\r, Mr. Curtis was in 
speetcu- of inilit.iry concrete schools. 
He is .1 nieinlier of the Union League 
Clnh. ;iihI IIms in liiver Forest. 

.VDOl.l'H II. IF.NSHOLT was 
horn in Chicago. He is a gradu.ate 
of Lewis ,\e;ideniy in the class of 
liK)!). and of L<'wis Institute in the 
class of liM.i. His training has been 
v.iried, with experience in teaching, 
engineering, research, and advertis 
ing. He served as engineer for the 
Chicago Traction Board in 1913-191 1, 
and as sales and advertising man- 
ager fm- the Kimble Kleetric Com- 
pany from l!>17 to l!il!i. Diirint; 
the "first Worl.l lie .•, tech 
nic.-il r\|Hrt with tlie (Ieneral St.-ilV 
.■it W;isliington. He li;is .-ils,. h,-en 
instructor in physics .-ind .-issist.-iiif 
professor of ehi' engineering at 

Lewis. In 1922 
I'riisliolt (; 
tisiiiii' counsellors 
-Mr.' I'cnslnilt 
the Lewis Board 

he org.-inized I 
. s.-,les .md adv 
for mauufaL'turi 
bi-en ;i member 
of (ioveriuirs .i 


if the I.e- 



HOWARD W. FEXTON u.,s tmrn 
ill Iiuli;ui;i])oli.s. Ht- bcif.-iii work witli 
N. W . H.irris and Company in IS!)."), 
i-ontinuini; with its siuxt-ssor, the Har- 
ris Trust and Savinijs Hank; lit' l)f- 
canu- trtasnri-r in 1!K)7. dircrtor and 
niiinlur rxiciitixr connnittn- in UK)i), 
X iir prrsidtnt in l!UI. and ])rfsident 
in I ill'.!. Hi- lias hern chairinan of tho 
I liarin;;: house eonnnittcc of the Chi- 
ray:o C Itarin;; House Assoei.ition sinec 
l!l.'i(>. Mr. I'enton is :i nuinher of tlie .>^oei,ty of Chieaiio. and of 
the Hankers, (liieauo, L'nicni I,e.ii;ue, 
Attie, .^iiore Aeres! Hill, .and 
Old i:iin Clnl.s, His home is in I..ake 

t H.\RI.E.S GKTLHR is a n.itivc 
of Huffalo, New York, He is Diree- 
tor and President of the Houdaille- 
Hershev Corporation of Detroit; Di- 
rector and Vice-President of tlie 
Honde KiiijineeriniJ: Corporation of 
Hnff.ilo; Director of tlie Muskegon 
Motor .Specialties Company; and Di- 
rector and \'ice-Prcsident of the 
.•^kinner Company, I.t<l., of Osliawa, 



Founded to render a re- 
search and experimental 
engineering service to 

Thirty-Third, Federals Dearborn Sts. 


( KAK; BKKHK H.\ZI. F.WOOD Inirn in K.-ist .\uror.i. New '^'ork. 
lie is ;i i;r.-idu,ate of Lewis Institute 
.and .a student at tile I nixcrsity 
of Chic.aiic) for two years. He lien 
\ ica'-president of the L iiion Trust 
Comii.iny. .and xice-president of the 
first Hank; and .a niemlier 
of the .\meriean Bankers .\ssoei.ation. 
the I{eser\i' Citv Bankers Associ.atiini. 
,111.1 the H.inkers Club of Cliicaj..). -Mr. 
Il.i/.h wood been a member of the 
l.c wis Ho.ird of Trustees since 1!)22. 
II,' luhniiis to the Chie;m-o,'. 
(Ihnxicw (.olf. .111,1 Hol.-o-I.iiik Club's. 
His h,iiii,' is ill Kx.instoii. 

i)K. .I.WIK.S H. IIl.HUK K 
born in O.ak I'.irk. H,- r,c,ix,,l his 
.\.n. iU'Jirvv .it the L'nixarsitx of 
Mi,liii;.ui in I.SSi. and his .\I.I). ,b 
ur,-, .at Hush M.-dieal Colle-,' in His honor.arx- di-irrias coin 
pris,' M..\.. .\Iiehi! l!l()7: I,. I,. I).. 
\Ii,lii; l!l.;-!; .-^ci. Doc.. Clii.'.i-o. 
l!i;!S, and Northwestern, 1!»K). I'or 
thirty-six years he ,)n tin- f.a,ulty 
of til,' D",-])artm,'nt of M,ali,an,' :il 
KusI, M,-,|i,;,l C,,lhi;,-. an,l r,ir 
.a tiiii, h, ,1,1 of th, ,1, p.irtni, lit ; h, is 
now , iniritus. I)i-. Ibrriik .at 
lindiii^- jiliysi,-i..,ii .it th, Co,ik County 

H, for txxiiity ye.irs, .and sine 
],S!)1 been attendinjj; physician .at 
th,- I'resbyterian Hospital of Chicago. 
11.- is ,1 member of the Chicago .Med- 
ical .Society .and of the .\nurii;in .Vssociaticni ; foundir and 
first ])residciit of the Chicago .Society 
of Medicine; ,a goxernor of 
th,- Institnt,' of Me.liciiu- of Chi, -.ago 

(['resident. 19:.'.")); member and at 
one time President, .\ssociation ot 
.\merican Physicians; President of 
Congress of .\merican Piiysieians and 
.Surgeons; member and for seven 
xears Regent of American College of 
Physicians. His writings includt 
many contributions to medical jour 
n.als on subjects relating to 
iiiedicin,' ( heart disi'.ase I 
.111,1 to , ilue.ati,>n. .Vmong 
th,' sp, hoiuirs xvliich li.axc bien 
conferr,,! on him .an- tin- Kobi'V of the .\ssoeiation of .\mcr 
ii-.aii Physici.ans; tlie Distinguisheii 
Sirxici- of the American .Mtd .\ssoei.ation: .anil the la'rtiticat,' 
.as •■M.ister" of th,' .\nierican Col 
bail of Physici.ans. For some thirtx 
xa-.ars Dr. jierriek has been a truste, 
.111,1 .1 number of the lio.ard of Man 
.imrs of I.ixvis Institute, .and .at on, 
tiiii,' s.rxid .as jircsidcnt of th,' bo.ard 

Il.\li\FV HR.\C F I.FMON w,.s 
li,u-ii in Chie.ig.i. H.' rtaa-ixe.l his 
.\.H. ,l,i;r,',' .at th,' Inixirsity of Chi 
,,i in liKli;. th,' M.S. .legr,',' in mill. 
.■,nd th, I'll. I). ,hgr,a- in IIMJ. He b, his t,;i,hiiig .at Chicago ,as .an in 



yioffett StudiL 


structor in i)liysics. aiul is now pro- 
fessor. He st-rvt-d as captain in tlif 
Ordnance Department in 1918. He is 
fellow of the American Physical 
Society : member of the American As- 
sociation for the Advancement of Sci- 
ence, and the American Association of 
Physics Teachers; member of Delt.i 
L'ljsilon. Plii Beta Kappa. Sigma Xi. 
and Sigma Pi Sigma; member of the 
Quadrangle and Chicago Literary 
Clubs. Professor Lemon is author of 
From Galileo to Costnic Rays; Cosmic 
Rails Thus Far; and one of the au- 
thors of The Xaliirr Of The World 
And Of Man. His home is at -580.5 
Dorchester .\m iiuc. 

J. WAURF.N McCaffrey is a 

graduate of .\rmour in the class of 
\Q>i. In 19J-") he received the de- 
gree of Chemical Engineer. After 

the comiiletion of his engineering edu- 
cation, he studied law at the Chicago 
Kent College of Law, and is now 
President of the Patent and Engi- 
neering Service Company, patent at- 
tornevs. Mr. McCaffrey is a member 
of the American Legion, the Patent 
Law Association of Chicago, the Illi- 
nois State Bar Association, and the 
Soutii Shore Country Club. He is a 
representative of the Armour Alumni 
Association on tiie Board of Trustees. 

Wll.l.lA.M H. HFCiNKRY was 
liorn in .Sheboygan. \\'isc<)nsin. He 
began hi^ business life as a mes- 
senger boy for the Western Shade 
Cloth Com])aiiy and is now its presi- 
dent. He is ,utive in civic affairs 
in Hinsdale, where he is village 
{)resident and chairman of the board 
of the First National Bank. .Mr. 
Regnery is President of the Stand- 
.ird Shade Roller Company, Vice- 
President of the Joanna Cotton Mills. 
and a trustee of Beloit College. He 
is a member of the Union League 
Club, the Knollwood Club, and the 
Hinsdale Ciolf Club. 

WILFRED SYKES was born in 
Palmerston, North New Zealand. At 
the age of five years he was taken 
liy his parents to the State of Vic- 
toria in Australia, wliere his father 
had several lumber mills. Later he 
attended the Technical College and 
the University of Melbourne, grad 
uating witii a B.S. degree. .\fter 
uraduation he was employed by the 
tirm of Knox Sehlapp & Company as 
an engineer in the electrical depart- 
ment: later he became manager of 
that department. In H)07 he en- 
tered the cmjiloy of the .\llgemeine 

ElektrizitJits Gcscllscliaft in Berlin, 
(iermany, remaining there until 1909; 
he then came to the United States 
and entered the employ of the West- 
inghouse Electric & Manufacturing 
Coiniiany at F^ast Pittsburgh. In 
1920 he was apjiointed executive en- 
gineer for the Steel & Tube Com 
pany. and in 1923 became engineer 
in charge of construction for the In- 
land Steel Company. Subsequently, 
he was As.sistant General Superin- 
tendent of the Indiana Harbor plant, 
and in 1930 was appointed Assistant 
to the President, in charge of oper- 
ations. Mr. .Sykes is a fellow of 
the Royal .\rts Society: a member 
of the American Institute of F'.lec- 
trical F^ngineers; a director of the 
American Institute of Mining and 
Metallurgical Engineers (Chairman 
of the Chicago Section); a member 
of tlie American Iron and Steel In- 
stitute; and a member of the Amer- 
ican .Society of Naval Engineers. His 
home is in Flossnioor. 

in .).iiies\ille. Wisconsin. He received 
bis A.B. .-it Lewis Institute in 1S99. 
and at Harxard in 1902. For many 
years lie was active in building ccni- 
struction in Chicago, as secretary, and 
subsequently as vice-president and 
treasurer, of Wells Brothers Construc- 
tion Company. He was admitted to 
the bar in 190.5. Mr. Wells has been 
supervisor of the real estate loan de- 
partment of the First National Bank. 
a director of the Hotel Winton. Cleve- 
land, a director of tlie Neil House. 
Columbus, a director of the Infant 
Welfare Society, and since 1921 a 
member of the Board of Managers of 
Lewis Institute. He is a life member 
of till- .\rt Institute of Ciiicago. and a 
member of tlie University. Harvard. 
,ind Ciiunniinwe.ilth Clubs. His home 
i, in Hubb.ird Woods. 

BEN.L\M1N W'HA.M wa-, born in 
southern Illinoi-.. He attended the 
Liiiversitv of Illinois, where he re- 
ceived the degrees of .\.B. in 191.5. 
• ind J.D. in 1917. During liis stu- 
dent days he was on three varsity 
debating teams: a member of the 
honor.irv senior society. Mawanda. 
and of I'hi 15et;i Kappa and Phi 
Delta Phi; and w:is president of his 
cla---, in its Miiior He ;i 
I'irst of Inf.antry in the 
Rl.iekb.iwk Division, and s, rvr.l over 
seas in the lirst World War. He ]n-ac- 
lierd biw in Deeatur. .and since 1920 
li.i- pr.ictieed in Chic.airo; he is now 


Blank & Stiillcr 

hr.ul .if th,' linn of Wli.-mi aiid 
OtJri.n. -Mr. Wliani was l.iial sii- 
r.tarv to tli<- SiK'akt-r of the House 
at Spriiiirtiflil ill H»2:5; lie is First 
\iif-Prcsid<.nt of tlit- Illinois State 
Bar Association; he has been ehair- 
man of committees of the C'hicaao 
Har Association. In lie!-"), lie won 
th,' l{oss Request Kssay ('(nitest of 
tin- American Bar Association, which 
.■arries a cash award of ^•:iOOO. lie 
is now trustee of the Cliie.aLi:o and 
I'.Mstern Illinois Railway Coiiip.any 
in .1 .Secti(Ui 77 ( Iiankriiiitey .Vet I 
jiroceedinjl. Mr. Wham is .i memher 
of the Cliih of Chicago, the I.e 
!ial f'lnh of ChicafTO. the Literary 
(lull of Chicago, and the Chicaii-.i 
Crime Commission. He is .also .1 
ineniher of the Chicago Cluh. the 
I'nivcrsity Cluh. and the Indian Hill 
Cluh. He is the author of legal dis 
cussions on reorganizations and on 
other hr.inches of the law. which h.ivi- 
.■i|i|)e.ired in the .\mtriean Bar .lour 
n.-ils .lud other journ.ils. His 
residence is in A\'ilinetk;i. 


In this century it seems .ilinost 
.sententious to remark that history is 
continuous, that in the jiast lie the 
causes, and consequently the cxi)lana- 
tions. of the i)rescnt. Perhajjs that 
fact is more evident to us now than 
it h.-is evi-r been: wr livi' in .1 d.iy 
when the news|).ip<r Ik .idlines .ire no 
nieri- .iniiouneeinents of 1 xtremities of 
the we;itliir. hut .ari r.afher eh;i)iter 

headings in universal history. .Xs a 
{■onsequencc. those who live in eoun 
tries which still atl'ord some oppor 
t unity for speculation .ahout the ])liglit 
nf the world are likely to regret the 
inadequacy of their historical in for 
in.ition; indeed, perhaps most of Us 
h.ive the sense of having come in at 
the middle of the movie of world 
I \ cuts; since the movie will not he 
repeated, we shall have to get. some 
how .and somewhere, a synopsis of the 
e.irlier reels, if we .are ever to inider 
st.ind the course of our own li\es: .and 
we c;in get this synopsis, of course, 
only from history. 

I'nfortunately, however. .1 tine he 
wildernient awaits the average re.ader 
in se.ireh of historical knowledge: .is 
Mr. H. (J. Wells remarks in the pre- 
l.iee to the most recent edition of his 
Oiiliinc of U'lsiorii, historians seem to 
• issume the omniscience of the 
reader; to them. ai)parently. the man 
ill th. street is a sort of Macaulay's 
schoolhov |ierfectly aware of the for- 
tunes of Titus' candlestick, of the 
treasures of Alaric. and of the manu- 
scripts of Buridan ; and a succession 
of erudite disputes about dates and 
evidence can rapidly dampen the ea- 
gerness of one. let us say, who merel\ 
wanted to know whether anyone was 
st.mding nearby when the Roin.iii 
F.iiipire fell. The ordinary reader, in 
his final baft'lement and desjiair. is 
likely to wish ardently either for sunn 
comprehensive outlines of facts, or for 
some factual narrative with the 
.lilt readability of fiction. 

Two new books seem to me to otfer 
e-xcellent answers to that wish. One 
of these is Harold Lamb's THK 
(I)oubleday Doran. .*:3.50). If you 
h.ive never heard of Harold L.iinb. 
villi ought to look him up at once; lie 
is the .author of biographies of 
( ieiighis-K.ihn and Tamerl.ane. .mil of 
two strikini;- historical n.arr.atives nf 
the Crusades. I r,„i Mm ,n„l Sainis 
.iiiil The I'lainr ,if Islam, .as well .as nf 
,1 number of other books. His | 
gift is to combine accurate historical 
scholarship, based on a wide study of 
source-documents. with something 
that might be called historical im.ig 
ination: at any rate, he has the trick 
of making the past quite as immediate 
,ind real as the present. Like Robert 
(iravcs. he can do this without cheap- 
ening history into the kind of 
tic costume-show which Rafael .Saba- 
tini has presented ad lunisrani ; and he 
never gi\es one the sense, .as so in.iiiy 
histories unfortunately do, the 
Middle .Vges passed in .1 
tiiuni.linelll brtweell .1 ill suits of 


Ill '/■//, Miirvli nf III,- lUnhaniins 

.Mr. Lamb affords a bird's eye view ol 
the medieval supremacy of the Mon 
gols; and although that supremacy 
is his chief concern, he sees tit. ()uit. 
proj)erly. to include in his tale botli 
the antecedents and the consequences 
of Mongol empire. Millenniums before 
the civilizations of the Tigris-F,u 
phrates valley, of the Nile, of the In 
dus. and of the .Mediterr.anean. tin 
shadowy tribes of the north .\siaii had hunted, fished, woven 
(Turn to page 48| 


Nearly all of the earlmii (linxiile used is iiianiif'aetnre(l In the "ooki""' 
(iroeess. Hifrli {rradc coke is burned in 
special funiacos with rcfrulated drafts. 
The Hue pas produced has a carbon di- 
oxide content of IT to !!• percent, .\flcr 
tliesc gases have been scrubbed free of 
ilirt and sulphur conipoiiiuls they pass 
tliroiigli coke-filled towers Uke those 
shown above. Here thev meet a eouiiter- 
II. iw of lye soliitiiiii tliat absorbs the car- 
bon dioxide. I'liis lii|uid yielils pure car- dioxide gas after i\ distillation process. 

rile (liieago Bridge and Iron Company 
liiiilt the welded tower in the foreground 
.iliiive fur ■rill- I-ii|iiid Cirbonie Corp. at 
liidiaii.i|.olis. Inil. 





and then mail it to us. A iiostajfi' 
stamp and a little effort may be tlie 
best investment you ever made or ever 
will make. 

Tlie department is in need of jolis 
ti) aid poor boys throujili eolleae. If 
you know of any jiart-time jobs, any 
ivenintr work. Saturday or Sunday 
employment, holiday jobs or work for 
next summer, be kind enough to let 
us know of sueh openings. The de- 
|)artment will do its utmost to send 
applieants for the wcu'k. There are 
over 1-00 freshmen registered tliis 

autumn. Your eoUege is going full 
steam ahead. Help us go faster and 
better and better. 

lor your information, the average 
monthly starting salary for the Class 
of 19;iS) was .fllO.H-'. This year the 
.■i\erage initial salary is •■? 1 IJI.'iO. 
vear the degree of Baehelor of Sei- 
enee was awarded to 137 men. Ae- 
eording to our reeords, all are em- 
ployed. This year 171 reeeived the 
degree of Baehelor of Seienee. As of 
September :50, lf)40, 96..) per eent of 
this year's class have been |)laeed. 

Suppose any one of you alumni, 
were confronted with the job of hir- 
ing an engineer with special qualifi- 
cations and training to fill a position 
in your organization paying from 
•faeOO to $20,000 a year. How would 
vou proceed.' You could insert a 
blind ad in a newspaper or magazine, 
but many qualified men would not 
answer it. For man^- reasons you 
miglit not wish to reveal the name of 
vour company. For many reasons 
vou might not wish to use the serv- 
ices of a fee employment agency. 
Y'ou would, however, if you iiad any 
experience in this type of negotiation 
for good men, consult the placement 
bureaus of reputable engineering col- 
leges, or ask the aid of some friend 
of yours whose judgment you felt 
you could trust. If you were a busy 
executive you would not wish to be 
deluged with applicants. So you 
would state the qualifications, age and 
experience that your ideal engineer 
should have and let a placement offi- 
cer do the preliminary weeding out. 
finally submitting for your approval 
the qualifications of a limited number 
of men whose background and age 
fulfilled your requirements. 

There are now about 1 700 place- 
ment records in our office. There are 
approximately -ISOO Armour alumni. 
The majority of the reeords from 
alumni are from younger men whose 
salaries are in the lower brackets. 
There are now some excellent oppor- 
tunities, paying from $3600 to $20,000 
a year, reported to this department. 
The tide has definitely turned and 
industry is again seeking men from 
thirty-five to fifty years old. F.mploy- 
ers are again buying exjjerience. 
^^'here is your record.' Many of the 
reeords on file are those of dav school 
students, night school students, or 
students who did not finish college. 
What this department wants is rec- 
ords from men of ability to fit into 
kej- positions in industry, positions 
paying good salaries. Write for a 
placement record, and when you get 
it, fill it out and be sure to put on it 
a fiattering iihotograpli of yourself 


Departments Number in Class Number F.mployt 

Architecture H 11 

Chemical Engineering iO 3.5 

Civil Engineering 16 16 

Electrical Engineering 3.5 ii 

Engineering Science 2 2 

Fire Protection Engineering 16 IC 

Mechanical Engineering 18 18 

171 16.5 


Director of Placement. 


with Productive Features 


• Electric and Hydraulic Controls 

• Advanced Construction & Design 

• Outstanding in Profitable Production 

„, . Ask for No. 141 Catalog 
listing our complete line of 
machines and attachments. 

Brown & Sharpe Mfg. Co. 
BS Providence, R. I. 

Brown & Sharpe 



I.F.HOV T. ANI)KHS()\. Iiistnic p.-irtimnts of I'li-iiH .riii- I'.UI. (;. ANDRES. Assistant 

tor ill I' l'.n;;iMiri-iiiy' .iiiil .n,,! l'li\-,i(^ tor t\\ r vr.irs. Duri'it; I'rol'i ^sor ot I'.li rtrical Kntrilu'iTillf;. 

I'livsics. i-, a irrailuatr ot tlic liiivir- Miiiiiiicr \ai:itioiis he lla^ uiirkril on "''^ liorii ot Aiiiirii'an parfiits in On- 

>itv of Micliiitan, where lie received ^ ^ i i \f i t.irio. His eolleire courses were at 

,1 ■ , ,: ., ., ,, ,. . ,,,.,., , earner eiirnrit teleiilioii\-. Mr. Ar 

tile (ieirreis ot r>..S.h..K. in IH.i : ar-' - 

li.S. Math. aiHJ .M..*^.F.. ill I!i;U. Af- ' 

iersoii is .-1 iiienilier of 'i'.lll H.t.i i' 

.Mieliiuaii State (dllesre. where he re 
eeiveii the <h-rees of I5.S.K.K. ill 

ler lea\in-- .\iiii .\ri.or. lie workcil for Si-iii:i \i. Phi K.ipp.i I'lii. .ni,! the MUS. and K.K. in l!)--':i. From I!)1S 
one y( .ir uith the- \\iseoii--iii I I ii;l| u.iy .Viiieriean Institute of Fii to lilL'l he served on the faenlty of 

Dep.irtmrnt. ,iiid t.iu-lit in the I)e- liiiieers. \l iehi-.-in St.-ite tdllei;e as Instructor 








t ^ ^^ 


and A.vsistant Professor of Eloftrif.-il 
EntriiKtriiiii-. He was Rt-search F"ii- 
jfineer for tlu- Automatic Elcftrii- 
Company in Chicago from 1921 to 
192); Chief Engineer, N'eweomh 
Hawley. Inc.. St. Charles. Illinois, 
from 1923 to 1927; Chief Engineer. 
Temple Radio Corporation. Chicago 
and Toronto, from 1927 to 1932; and 
Research Engineer, P. R. Mallory. 
Inc.. Indianapolis, beginning in 19-'i'-'. 
He was released to the .State of In- 
diana and the Indiana State Bankers 
As.sociation, and served as Chief En- 
gineer of the State Police Radio Sys- 
tem from 19:U to 1936. He prac- 
ticed as a consulting engineer until 
his appointment to the Lewis Insti- 
tute faculty in 1939 as Assistant 
Professor of Electrical Engineering. 

Professor Andres holds numerous 
patents, and is the author of many 
technical })apers relating to 
engineering .ind comniuniiMtions. He 
is listed in American Men of Science. 

Instructor in Mechanical Engineer- 
ing, graduated in 1931 from New 
Mexico State College in Las Cruees. 
where he received the B.S. degree in 
Meeiianjeal Engineering. After sum- 
mer service as draftsman for the 
National Park Service he became a 
graduate student at California Insti- 
tute of Technology, where he re- 
ceived the degrees of .M.S. in Me 
chanieal Engineering in 1937. .md 
Ph.D. in 1939. During his graduate 
courses he served as a teaciiing as- 
sistant in the mechanical engineering 
and hydraulics laboratories and in 
thermodynamics. Dr. Budenholzer 
was subsequentlv .-ijiiiointed :i .hniim- 
Researeli 1\11( ' 



Petroleum Institute, .-md wcn-ked in 
their l;ibiiratiiry on the campus of 
Californi.i Institute of Technology 
until his .ipjiointmeut to the .Vrniouv 

structor in Mathematics, studied at the 
University of Munich from 192.5 to 
192li; .-it Ciiittingen from 192.5 to 
1930; and ;it Rome from 1930 to 
1931, He received his Ph.D. degree 
at (mttingen in 1931. He has taught 
mathematics as an assistant, a lec- 
turer, and an instructor at Gottingen, 
Copenhagen. New York University. 
Swarthmore College, and Johns Ho)) 
kins University. Dr. Busemann has 
written uumenuis .-irtieles wliich have 
appeared in European scientific jour- 
nals; lie is the .-luthcir of I ntrixliictiiiii 
to Alhfhraic Matiifolds. published in 
Princeton Mathematical Notes. 

if the .\uurie 

,I()HN 1)K CICCO. Instructor in 
.M.ithnnatics, received his dcgrcr ,,f 
B.S. ,it i'.rooklvn College in 193.i. 
aiul his Ph.D. "degree at Columbi.t 
University in 1938. He served as tu- 
tor and instructor at Brooklyn Col 
lege from 1933 to 1910, and as as- 
sistant at Long Isl.ind University 
from 1939 to 19K). He held a gr.adu 
.ate schol.-irslii]! ,it ( dhnnlii.i. ,-nid w.-is 
cK-eted to the honorarv scientific fr.i- 
ternity. .'sigm.i Xi. lie is :ilso a nn ni- 
lier of Sigm.a Mu and of the .Vmrr M;itiiem.itieal Siuietv. Dr. Or 
Ciceo is the .iiitlior ol' articles whiili 
h.ive .ipiieared in thi- .Vnicrican .lour of .Mathematics, the Proceedings 
of the .Ve.uli uiy of Sciences, 
and the Tr.ans.aetions of the .Vmerie.aii 
M.itheni.itii-s Soeiitv. 

.VI. AN E. FLANK. AN. Instructor 
in .Mechanical Engineering, graduated 
from Princeton University in the class 
of I93K with the degree of A.B.. 
his m.ijcn- field ii.aving been ni;ithe- 
matics. From 1938 to 19 K) he was a 
graduate assistant (and in the latter 
year a teaching assistant) in mech;in- 
ieal engineering at the University of 
Ciliforni.i. where he received his 
.M.isters degree in 19 10. During tli'' 
four v<'.-irs iuter\eiiing between iii^ 
I'rineeton .ind Californi.i uni\ersity 
courses, he W(U'ked .is .in elect rii' 
welder. .Mr. i' is ,i member 
of Signi.i Xi: of tin .\merican Soi'iety 
f(n- .Met.als; and the I 
Association of .Meeh.inie Welder.. 

i.OUIS .1 II.V(..V. .Vsso.iit.- Pro 
f,>sor ..f Met.illograpliv. reeei\ ed his 
B.S. degree .at Miellig.lll Colle-e of 
Miiiiriii' .and 'i'ei-hiiolo-v in 192.5. .and 
his de-ree of M .S.( li'. F,. .it Purciiii 
in 1928. II, ;i|so done iiradu.ite 
work ,it the Uiii\.rsitv of Mieliiu.aii. 
He been .in instnietnr .it Purdue. 


aiul was Assistant Professor of C'luni 
istry and .Mitalliiri;y at Lewis Iiisti 
tiit<- from lii;il' to li>K). Iniinediately 
after liis unileriiradiiate course at 
llouijiiton lie worked for a year as 
draftsman for tin Sliaw Electrical 
Crane Company, I roni li»28 to l!).'i-' 
lir wa> a di velopnunt enjj;ineer witli 
tli( W. -.tern F.lectrie Company. He is 
the aiitlinr of a lAihurator 1/ Mnniial 
fur Phi/.ural Cli ri/ . and a Liih 
(iratiir/i Mtniiiiil fur I'.iifiniiirhui 
< hiinislri/. I'rofissor Ha^a is a ineni 
Ixr of the Soei<ty for the Promotion 
of Knuineerini;- I'.dneation, the Ainer 
icaii Snei, ty for Metals, and tli<- 
.\meriean i'oiniilr\ men's .Association. 

Instructor in Civil Enijineerinir. is a 
ijradiiate of the University of Illinois. 
His enjiineering experience began 
with work as a rodman and draftsman 
with the Edwin Hancock En<;ineerini; 
C<impany. Subsequently, he was a 
collaborating sanitary engineer with 
the United States " Public Health 
.'^er\iie. Since U>.31 has been Junior 
."s.mitary Engineer for the Citv of 
( hicago. He is Secretary. Illinois 
.Section, .\nicrican Waterworks Asso- 
ci.ition: and Secretary, West Shore 
Water Producers Association. .Mr. 
Hudson is the author of numerous 
))aj)ers on sanitary engineering sub 
jeets which have appeared in engi- 
neering periodicals and in publica- 
tions of cnirineerinsi- societies and of 
public bodies. 

W. H. KAXNE. Assistant Profes- 
sor of Physics, did both undergradu- 
ate and graduate work at ,Iohns Hop- 
kins University, where he received 
his Ph.D. degree in 19:57. He was 
tlnn ;iw;irded a N.itional Kesearch 
I'lllowship. but chose instead to ac- 
et|)t an instructorship at the I'niver 
sity of Wisconsin, wliieli he continued 
to hold until I!)K). Professor Kanne's 
research work has bnii in the Held of 
nuclear ))liysies : at Baltimore Ik 
worked with r:idio-active sub- 
st.incis; .it Madison he used a trans- 
fornur reetitier high voltage outfit. 
Professor K.mne is .-i member of the 
Ihinorary fraternities. Phi Beta 
Kappa and .Si"ina Xi. 

,I()SI-.PII S. KOZ.Vt K.\. .\ssoiiat. 
Professor of .Meeh.inieal Engineering, born in Pol.ind. .and c.inie to the 
Unit.-d States in liK).'. He com- 
(ileted his seeond.iry iibieation in this 
(■(Uintry. .and in liMll he y^raduated 
from Pr.itt Institute. He received tlii- 
de-rr,. ,,f B.M.E. and M.S. from 

the University of Michigan, in 1!U() 
.111(1 lil.iO. respectively. He h.ul 
extensive industrial experience as an 
apprentice, niechanic. and engineer 
with Elei-tric Company. 
Pratt .111(1 Whitney Company, Wind 
^or M.ichine Comp.iny. (ieneral Mo 
tors. Chrysler. Pack.ird .Mtitor Com- 
p.iny. and Detroit .Steil Products 
Comp.iny. I"or several years he was 
Director of the Alliance 'rechnical 
Institute at C.imbridii'e .Springs. 
I'elinsyh .ini.i ; since l!t:i() he been 
on the faculty .it I.( wis Institute. H( 
is eo-;iutli(ir of .1 book. Matht-mattcs 
Fur Mrrliaiiicx. Professor Kozacka is 
.■ieti\c in the Society for the Promo- 
tion of Engineering Education and 
the .\merican Society of Mechanical 
Engineers. He has been chairman of 
the Chicago section of the A.S.M.E.. 
.and is now a member of the execu- 
tive committee of the section. 

sistant Professor of .Machine Design, 
was born in North Dakota, but re- 
ceived most of his education in Nor- 
way .111(1 Denmark. He graduated 
from junior college ((iymnasium) in 
1926, and from the Royal Technical 
College ill Copenhagen in 1932. Dur- 
ing this ])eriod he worked for one 
year at the South Philadeljiliia Plant 
of Westinghouse Electric .and Manu- 
facturing Company, .iiid returned to 
work for this company in .\ugust, 
19.'i2. He was contiiUKHislv engaged 
in engineering work for various com- 
|i,inies from that time until 1937. 
I'rom U):J7 to 19:!.S .Mr. Mvklestad 
was ,1 graduate student .iiid teaching 
.assistant in mechanical engineering 
at the L'niversity of California; from 
19.i.S to 1910 he was a graduate 
student and instructor in mechanics 
of eiiirineering at Cornell L'niversitv. 
He received' bis Ph.D. decree at 
Cornell in 19 K). 


.Vssist.aiit Professor of .Vreliitecture. 
received his B.S. degree .it Priiicetmi 
L'niversity in 1929: lie did graduati 
work at "the Schools of .\rcliitecture 
of Ni w ^'ork Universitv .iiid Colum 
bia L'niversity. .ind at the Bauhaus. 
Dessau, (ierniany. He has been an 
instructor at Dalton School in .\e\v 
^'ork City, .and .at Cooi)er Unimi. .md 
h;is been eng.aged in pri\.iti jir.actice 
,is .III .•irchitect. 


sist.-int Professor of Electrical Engi- 
neering, .attended B.altimore Polytech 
nie Institute from liiJJ to Uljli; Uni 

versity of Florida, from 19:$] to 19:}:!: 
.111(1 H.irvard l'niversitv from 19:f'i 
to I9:i9. He received his Sc.B. d( 
gr(i- at Florida, and his .Sc.M. and 
,*sc.D. degrees at Harv.ard. He served 
.IS electrical engineer for Electrical 
Research Products. Inc.. from 192S 
to 19:il. and as nl.ay and connnuni 
cation engineer for Florida PoW( r 
.111(1 Light Comp.iny from 19:il- tn 
I9:i.-). Dr. S.irb.iehcr been an in 
struetor .iiid res. .ireli assistant ;il 
H,-ir\.ird. and an instructor .it Rad 

tant Professor of Civil Engineering, 
graduated from the L'niversity of 
Wisconsin in 192 1- with the degree of 
B..S. in C.E.; in 192() he received the 
degree of M.S. in .Structural Engi- 
neering. His first engineering work, 
from 1919 to 1920, was as assistant 
to the City Engineer of North Mil- 
waukee. He was instructor in me- 
chanics at the L'niversity of Wiscon- 
sin from 1924 to 192(); assistant en- 
gineer under DutT .\. .\brams at the 
research laboratory of the Portland 
Cement -Vssoeiation (then at Lewis 
Institute), later becoming associate 
engineer in charge of design and 
m.iintenanee ; loaned to the Koehring 
Division of National Flquipment Cor- 
poration in 1929; returned to Port- 
land Cement Association in 19:J0: in 
charge of the research laboratory of 
Pennsylvania-Dixie Corporation in 
19:il; chief engineer, D. M. Haering 
.md Company from 19:!2 to 19:33; 
.associate engineer, Portland Cement 
.Association, from 1933 to 1938; in- 
striutor ill mechanics in the Evening 
Division of Armour Institute of Tech- 
nology from 193() to 19:i.S; cliairman, 
Deji.irtmcnt of Civil Engineering. 
Lewis Institute, from 1938 to 19K). 
Professor ."shum.m is a member of 
Tau Beta Pi. Chi Epsilon. Gamma 
.\lpha. Triangle. Wisconsin "W" 
Club, Western Society of Engineers, 
.American Society of Civil Engineers. 
.Society for the Promotion of Engi- 
neering Education, and Society of 
Hhcidoiiv. He has been the recipient 
of the " Charles Ellet Award for 
.liinior Engineers, of the Western So- 
ciety of Engineers. .\s a member of 
the .American .Associjition of Engi- 
neers he was a Director in 
I9:i(i ,111(1 N.itional A'iee President in 
19:!7: since 19;{.S he has been N.i Pnsideiit. 

FRANK H WADE, Assistant 
Professor of .Applied Mechanics, at- 
tended St.ite College from 
191)1 to 1907. .111(1 uradii.ited from 


Lewis Institute with the degree of 
M.E. in 1909. He has taken special 
courses in mechanics, mathematics, 
and hydraulics at the University of 
Wisconsin. He has filled various 
teaching positions at Lewis, in the 
departments of physics and mechanics, 
and has been acting head of the 
latter department. He has been con- 
sulting engineer for Rummler and 
Rummler. patent attorneys, and has 
done a considerable amount of pro- 
fession.-il engineering work as his 
teai'hing duties .-itforded opportunity. 
Profess(n- \\'ade is the author of vari- 
ous engineering papers, and is now 
engaged in preparing a textbook on 
Mechanics. In lighter vein, he has 
written Cnllege Joe On the Slide 
Rule. He is a member of Tau Beta 
Pi, Western Society of Engineers. 
Central Association of Science and 
Mathematics Teachers, and Society 
for the Promotion of Engineering 

LEE R. WILCOX. Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics, is a graduate 
of the L^niversity of Chicago, where 
he received the degrees of S.B. in 
1932, S.M. in 1933, and Ph.D. in 
193.5. From 1935 to 1938 he was at 
the Institute for Advanced Study, and 
has served as instructor at the L^ni- 
versity of Chicago and the University 
of Wisconsin. His published papers 
h.ive appeared in the Bulletin of the 
American Mathematical Societv and 
in Annals of Matliematics. Professor 
Wilcox is a member of Phi Beta 
Kappa, Sigma Xi, and the American 
Mathematical Society. He has held a 
prize scholarship, three honor schol- 
arships, and two fellowships. 

SAUI- WIXSTEIX, Instructor in 
Chemistry, graduated from tlie Uni- 
versity of California at Los Angeles 
in 1931', with the degree of A.P>. He 
received his A.M. degree .at the same 
school in 193.5, and the degree of 
Ph.D. at the California Institute of 
Technology in 1938. His major field 
was organic chemistry. In 1938 he 
was an instructor at the LTniversity 
of California (L.A.), and during the 
next vear was a research associate 
at the California Institute of Tecli- 
nology. From 1939 to 1910. Dr. 
Winstein was a Xational Research 
Fellow in Chemistry at Harvard LTni- 
versity, the California Institute of 
Technology, and the University of 
California (L..\.). His research field 
is physico-organie chemistry, and he 
is the author of some seventeen publi- 
cations on the general subjects of 
rearrangements, reaction mechanisms. 
and unsaturated compounds. 

JOHX I. YELLOTT, Professor 
of Mechanical Engineering, and Di- 
rector of the Department of Mechan- 
ical Engineering, graduated from the 
.lolins Hopkins University in 1931, 
with honor, receiving the B.E. degree. 
After two years of graduate work 
with Professor A. G. Christie he re- 
ceived the degree of M.M.E., his 
thesis project involving research on 
supersaturated steam. He became in- 
structor in mechanical engineering at 
the L'niversity of Rochester in 1933. 
giving courses in thermodynamics, 
nuchanics, and machine design, as 
well .is laboratory work. In 1931' he 
was appointed instructor in niechan- 
ii'jil engineering at Stevens Institute 
of Technology, becoming assistant 
jjrofessor in 1936, and serving as 
chairman of the department from 
1937 to 1938. His research work has 
been mainly in the field of high- 
velocity flow of steam and air. 

Professor Yellott has been engaged 
in consulting work for the Keuffel 
and Esser Company, relating to 
slide rules, measuring tapes, power 
]ilant problems, and apprentice train- 
ing; for the General Electric Com 
pany. in their steam research divi- 
sion; for the Republic Flow Meter 
Comjiany, in problems connected with 
the design of high-pressure, high- 
temperature reducing valves; for the 
Worthington Pump and Machinery 
Company, on steamjet ejectors; and 
for E. J. Willis Company, on the 
development of small blowers for 
marine use. and tests of various kinds 
of rubber bearings. 

In 1933. he presented before the 
American Society of Mechanical En- 
gineers a paper entitled Supersatu- 
rated Steam, for which he received 
the .Junior Award of the society. This 
paper w;is published in full by Etigi- 
neering, London, and in eon<lense(l 
form liv The 1' ii(/inci-r, London. 
Olliev important publieaticnis ;irc 
Condriixaliou iif Fhncing Steam 
(jointly with C. K. Holland), 
(Tr.ans. .\.S.M.E.), and Ohservatiaiix 
<if Fhnciiu/ Steam, published in Com- 
liu.sliiiii. Other publie.'itions include- 
numerous discussions of A.S.M.F.. jia- 
pers on subjects relating to thermo- 
dvnamics. fluid mechanics, and indus- 
trial instruments. 

Professor Yellott is a member of 
Tau Beta Pi; Sigma Xi; Alpha Delta 
Phi; Omieron Delta Kappa; and the 
.Sot'iety for the Promotion of Engi- 
neering l-'.dueation. Ilr is a junior 
member of the .Vuicriean .Society of 
Mechanical l-'ngimrrs ; in I9.'i!i In 
received the Pi Tau Sigma Award .it 
the meeting of the A.S.NLE. 


One of the pleasant experiences of 
,1 M-teran member of the staflf of a 
school which has itself become entitled 
to designation as veteran, is the fre- 
iliient meeting with colleagues and of 
students of earlier days. We have 
many visitors, and we do not maintain 
a roster of them. Recently we have 
seen Victor C. Alderson and Franklin 
P. Adams. Dr. Alderson was dean of 
.\rmour Institute from 1901 to 1903; 
he left us to become president of the 
Colorado School of Mines. Mr. 
Adams, the "F.P.A." of the "Conning 
Tower" ,ind "Information, Please," 
gradu.iteil from the old Armour Sci- 
entide .\ea(hrn\' i]i 1S!I<I. 

An All Purpose 

Air Velocity IVIeter 

Instantaneous Direct Reading 

No longer Is It necessary to use complicated 
and stop watclies or make slow, mattiematlcal 
to obtain accurate velocity readings of Irregi 
or slotted grilles, velocity readings In ducts. 

ar shaped 
r at Inlet 

(Boyle System) Velorr 
Ing air velocity meti 
conveniently and dulcl 
pressures, locate Iw 

this and more with the "AInor' 
er. the instantaneous direct read 

and you can do It i 
. You can obtain statl. 
nd losses, detect drafts, or deter 


efficiency of fans. Alters, blowers, and 


The Velomeler gl 
directly In feet per 
up to Its mailmum s 
•IS IS.nnn F.P.M. are 

Instant air velocity readings 

lute from as low as 20 F.P.M. 

reading. Range) up to as high 

Mriw fnr Bulletin ^'o. 244S-I) 








A. H. JENS, '31 


J'<i-Ii.i|i- tor the tittictli tiiur Ar- 
mour aliinini nut in .-i tOrm.-il lianiiuct 
to lii-ar of Arinoiir atl'airs from Ar- 
mour mtii. F.arly in tin- afternoon of 
.linu 1-. things i;-ot undrr way with 
tli( oprnini;- salutation \>\ tilt- Class 
of l!M.-) oli-hratinu- tJK-ir twcnty-tiftli 
annix irsary. Coniirfjiation point in 
tlir fourth rioor of th.-'c'hicau-o Towrrs 
( luh saw old iiraiinatcs mcctinn- tin ir 
Iriinds and professors for the tirst 
timi in many viars. In tin midst (d 
sui-li ron\ i\ iaiity. time jiasscd rapidly 
until tilt- statinj; for the formal han- 
cpjrt at ():;iO p. m. Many matters im- 
portant to Armour men wirv hrouii'lit 
forth in the |iroi;ram which followed. 

After a resoundinn- cheer at tU<- 
conclusion of "'riie (ruiscr (iocs 
Uidliiif.- Alonji." the nxn-c serious as- 
pects of the exeniui;- were ap|)roachcd. 
Several routine reports Avere disposed 
id', after which the nominations for 
the various alunnii olfices wi re placed 
III f(n-e the <iroup. 

.1. Warren McCaffrey. (h.K.. ■.'-'. 
was elected the thirty-first I'rcsident 
of the Armour Alumni Association, 
succiedini;- the vcruraldc .lohn .1. 
.S.-honuucr. (h.F... i.'. who had 
ser\ed ill this capacity for the |)ast 
elcM II years. Claude Albert Kiiuep 
fir. C.'K. ■].-,. on the eve of the 
twenty fifth annix crsary of his i;rad 
nation from .Vrmoiir. xv.-is elected tu 
the jiosition of \'iee-I'rcsideiit. Ki 
elected for a second two year term 
was \\'illiaiii Nicholas .Setterluri;. 
.\rcli. '■_'!». who ailain liecainc .Secrc 

(onipletioll of the sl/,te included 
ihetion to the Hoard of M .ni.i-ers of 
I.oiiis .l.imis Hyrne. .\1.K.. Ill-, who 
will represent the Classes ]!l()-_' ()(!. 

.'olin Sclionmier. Ch.E., 'V>. liccomcs 
.1 memlur of the Board, rcpre.scntini;: 
the Classes li)12-I(). Eua;ene Voita. 
.Vreli.. '2f. was reelected for a nexv 
four-year term and rcj)resents the 
Classes lill'L'-l'li. Stanley M. I.iiul. 
Ch.F... '.i:.'. was elected to replace 
Ilarxcy S. Rossinfj. C.K.. '.'iJ. to re|) 
resent the Classes 19:52-:i(i. To rep- 
resent recent u;raduatin,!f classes from 
I!i:i7 to the jircseiit time. Hicli.-ird N. 
X'andekieft, M.F... ':»). was elected 
for a txvo-vcar term. Nomin.ations 
were ]ircseiited l>y A. II. .I.ns, I'.I'.F.. 
'.'il and were siilimittcd liv a Com- 
mittee on Noininatimis consistiiiir of 
William F. Sims. F.F.. '!I7. cliair- Kdward F. Fohlni.iiin. Ch.F.. 
Id; Fdward .1. I' Ch.F.. ■:!S, 
.l.iiiics C. I'cchles. F.F.. Of: Hol.crt 
M. Krause. M.F.. '31. 

To |-'r.iinis ()|)ila. C.F.. ' K). went 
the coxeted .Mumiii -St lldint honor 
award, wliic'h is i;iven each year to 
the man of the i;raduatiiiu," class 
standiiii;- hiiihest in activities and 
schol.arship on the basis of ;i point 
system developed ,it the Institute. 
I'resentation \v;is made liy .Miimiii 
I'resideiit. .lohn Schoimncr. 

The Committee on the .\liimiii 
.Ser\ ice .Vw.-ird Key aniiounccd 
no aw.irii xv.-is to he m;i(lc .at this time. 
(. .\. Knuepfcr. C.K.. '!.->. as of the Distinguislicd .Scrx 
ice .\w.ird Committee .•mnoiinccd 
he i;ix iiii;- xvay to W' I'. 
.Sims. F..F... '!I7. for .•iiinouiiceincnt in 
eoniHction xvitli the preseiit.itioii of 
this award. Mr, Sims the fol 
loxviiiii citation : 

"I'or outst.iiidiiii; contrihulion in 
m.lllV lields of elide.lMU- ;ind espe 
i-i.-illy for his distinmiishiil scrx ice 
.■IS I'resideiit of the .\rmimr .\liimiii 

Associ.ition, for his representation 
as Trustee larjrely in alumni art'airs 
on the Board of Trustees of .Vr- 
moiir Institute, for his outstandinil 
work in develoj)inic tlie Placement 
Dcp.irtment ,it .\rniour Institute. 
for his counsel .ind uuidanee as a 
te.icher. and for Iiis exee))tional 
(|u,ilitics of leadershi)), this 
Distinii'uislicd Service Award 
is jiresented to 
Class of iyi2 
I'rcsi iited at Chicafto on .hnie f, 
li»K), by ,1 lir.iteful .and .apiircc'i.a- 
tive Aliiiniii by its Bo.ird of Man- 
;i iters." 
.\ tremendous ov.-ition afforded 
.\Ir. .Sihommer. and in aeknowledjl- 
ini;- receipt of the Aw.ird, he was at 
.1 loss to put his feelini; into words. 
At the time of the banquet, tiie 
.\rmour Institute-!. ewis merirer proj- 
ect h.iil not yet bi-cii eonsmnmated. 
Interest .imoiii;- the .Vliimni xv.-is run 
niiiy- xcry liiiili in this reii'/ird. .and it not until the Chairunin of the 
lio.ird of Trustees, .lames I). Cuii prcsinted some of the lesser 
known that ,a better under 
st.indini; rc.iehcd. .Mr. Ciinnim; .advised that .ludi;c Dunne had 
the m.itter under consider.ition. ,ind 
that it would un<loubtcdly be some 
time bifore .i decisiim woulil be ren 
ilereil. Iloxvcver. we since know 
.ludi;e Dminc entered .-i ilccrce in f,i 
vor of Hie nicrirer. and the iiier 
Liiv plans .ire noxv well under w.ix. 

One of the outstandin<r features of 
the cxciiiiiir the present.ation bx 
I'resideiit Henry T. lle.ild of f.ut's 
.ind liiiures ril.itini; to the .and 
present of .\riiiour institute. .Mr. 
lle.ild. with the .•issist.incc of l.-iiiterii 


sliilrs. the jjosition of tlir 
1 Institute of today rclativf to that of 
Armour during the ]) hectic years. 
"Tlic )) r o li 1 c ni today, " said Mr. 
Heald. "i.s not one of attracting a 
large .student body liut one of keeping 
teclinical education abreast of the 
times." Numerous questions were |uit 
to ['resident Heald at the eoiulusion 
of tlie banquet. 

The (|Uestion of Alumni Triistee 
was tabled pending a decision by tlie 
Armour Board of Trustees regarding 
a nominee suggested bj' the Alumni 
Association. It is understood that 
Mr. McCaffrey will represent tlie 
active Alumni Association on the Ar 
mour Board of Tru.stees until tiiis 
matter can be definitely decided. 

Credit should be extended to the 
banquet arrangement committee wliieh 
did such a grand job in perfecting 
many of the details of the lOtO as- 
sembly. Eugene Voita. as chairman of 
the committee, spent many hours com- 
pleting arrangements as did Messrs. 
McCaffrey, Schommer and Setterberg, 
who composed the committee. Class 
representatives and class chairmen are 
to be commended for their efforts in 
bringing about a successful meeting. 


CLASS OF lsil.-> 
()ri;.uii/,.itioii of the reunion p.irty 
if 1!»1.") was under the 

for the CI,- 


direction of 

the following men: 

Stanlev .Mover Peterson. .\reh.: 
Robert Lee Wilson, Ch.E.; Claude \. 
Knuepfer. C.E.; Edward John llur 
ris, E.E.: Walter Kietz, F.P.E.; 
Bradlev Carr. I.A.; Oscar Anderson. 
M.E.. and .lames Leo Mayer. .M.E. 

Active work was begun early in 
February in the hope that every man 
in the class would be reached and 
that all ))lans and programs could 
niinate on the dav of the alumni 

Response was widespread, witi 
ters from ^L^x Deitenbeck. C.E. 
in Birmingham, Alabama; ^^ illiam 
I.indblom. C.E. '1.^. in Greensburg. 
F.I.: and from I'aye N. Compton. 
C.E. "l.">, in (ilendale, California. 
Many other letters and telegrams 
were reeeixed by tile Committee. 

Special headquarters for the re- 
union party were set up on the fifth 
floor of the Chicago Towers Club and 
a glad hand was extended to all who 
dared to enter the doorway. The sal- 




,11 th. 


,lst t\ 


.■^ittiiig at the n union t.-ible were 
tin- following men who came from 
points as widespread as Buffalo, New- 
York: NLirshalltown. Iowa; and Al- 
bion. .Michigan. ARCHITECTS: 
.l.ieob Lewis. Stanley Mover Peter- 
son, I\ar i{oy .Swanson. CHEM- 
IC.VI.S: Curtis W. Diemecke, .Joseph 
Romeo Lauletta. .Ir., Ernst Sieek, 
Harrv A. Str.iin. Robert Wilson. 
CIVl'l.S: ,Ios. Lawrence Dufiy. 
Leon.-ird Hook. C. A. Kiiue|ifer. Her- 
ni.ui C. Nelirl. Max \. Sherman. 
Cli.-irles Read Simmons. Geo. .lolin 
Triiikaus. ELECTRICALS: ,lolin 
I'riece .\damson. Glen Barrer, Or- 
mond Roy Hupp. FIRE PRO- 
TECTS: Stanley \\'m. Anderson. 
Edouard .Mars Kratz. Walter Rietz. 
S.iyre Carr. MECHANICALS: .less 
Alvey Agee. Osear Allen Anderson. 
Lyman Withrow Close. Frank (jeo. 
Cooban, Lester Downey, Fred Lewis 
Faulkner, F^ugeiie .S. Harman. Lewis 
Edwin Hibbard. .\lfred H. Johnson. 
James Leo Mayer. Walter .Sir, Har- 
lan Clifford .Skinner. F'red L. Ward. 




A quarter century of spe- 
cialized development has 
perfected GATKE Friction 
Materials for the widest 
range of Brake and Clutch 

On manufacturing equip- 
ment, power shovels, drag- 
lines, dredges, cranes, 
hoists and tractors — 
wherever brakes or clutches 
are used— GATKE Friction 
Materials are rendering out- 
standing service. 

Whatever your require- 
ments, send specification 
for recommendation and 


222 North La Salle St. CHICAGO, ILL. 



and manufacturing parts like 
these, to accomplish the re- 
sults you are after in those 
various design and production 

Send in your 
describe yo 

n your drawings, or 
be your problem. 

■ rll 1.-! I 

nee and the advan- 
of long experience. 

M . D • H ubbard S pring f ompany 

2S2 Central Ave., Pontiac, Mich. 


Clrouiid WDi-k l.iid fur tin- tor 
iiiatidii lit' .-I (■(inniiittcc t(i pl.ui the 
litti.tli lii iiiiidi] i<{ tlif C'l.iss ol 1 -. 

in tin;:,. Dct.-iiK ..r,- l,, h. ;,r iiHvd 

.■it .1 t'uturi' time. 

.Iliinnn I'laciwrnI I ), purl mm I 

Soinr vrry iiittrrstiiii;- npurts li.n r 
cin.inatiil Ir.iin tin- I'l.ici incut Oltic. 
wliich is iinil.r thr ahlr ,lirrcti(in ol 
John .1. Sihonnnrr. Cli.i:.. I.'. I'.unl 
with tin- (irohhin ot |iL'u'iiii;' a urou|i 
ol Armour nun with a wiiK- raiiiji- of 
c \|nriiii(o and in |)racticallv cvirv 
aii'r iirou|i. till- Drpartnii nt attrinptrii 
to Mciirc a pcrMniiu I riconl lor laih 
Arniiiiir man. Tlic returns wiri- far 
from luiiii; 100 ptrctiit compkti . yet 
tlitsf records form ;i nucleus for the 
sidection of men for positions tliat 
come to the .ittcntiiui of the office. 
I'or recent years, com- 
plete records of the uradu.atinn 
cl.isscs li.ave been secured. 

For the year ending- .\ui;ust :! 1 . 
I!»K). Armour Alumni to the nuinher 
of f!l'J were pl.iced in |)ositions or 
Were mined into positions inxolvinii 
more responsihility or increased sal- 
ary. Four iiraduati' students were 
|>lacf'd in positions as were forty- 
eiitht cxeniiii;- di\ ision students. As 
.1 further ,acti\ ity. the Department se- 
cured holiday employment for many 
students and fifty-four summer posi 
tions for undergraduates. 

The total number of i;r.idii;ites 
who .are shown by our records to 
be unemployed in .ijiproxim.itcly six- 
tentbs (d' one percent. 

(iood results liave been obtained in 
pl.acinji- the Class of l<)fO. and tlic 
)d,icements to d.atc .arc .almost ninet\- 
seven percent of th.' In ti\e 
Departments. .\reliitectur,il. Civil. 
F.nginecrinf;- .Sciinee. .Mecli.anical. .and 
Fire Protection, all of the liUO 
iiradu.atcs b.ixc been |il.aeed. In 
Chemical F.nniiieerin^'. tliirty-tixe ol 
forty jir.idu.ates li.aM- been pl.accil .and 
in |-'.leetric,il l'.ni;iiieerinn. thirtx-foiir 
of thirty live li.aM- been'l. .\u 
inxcstiu'.ation of the records indic.ati-s 
.an aver;ii;i- s.alary for tlie Cl.ass 
of 1!»I0 close to .flL'O per month. A 
l.iri;c pcrccnt.auc of tiiese men .are 
pl.iciii in their own fields. 

Board of Trustees Chairman James D. 
Cunningham presents interesting de- 
tails of the merger with Lewis Institute. 

Oldest alumnus Billy Sims, E.E. '97, has 
a chat with President Heald. 

President Heald at the mike gives re- 
view of the Armour scene and the 
problems of engineering education In 
a large metropolitan area. 

Left — Program for the evening being 
engineered by John Schommer and 
Alumni Editor Art Jens. 

Right — Bradley Carr, LA. ' I 5, who was 
In part responsible for the '15 reunion 
program, headed the receiving line. 
Walter Sir, M.E. '15 In the background. 

hy l;i;l f. Leopold, '43 


Right, above — Francis Opila, C.E. '40, recipient o-f the Armour 
Alumni Association Award to the outstanding graduate of the Class 
of 1940. 

Ed Sincere, Arch. '15, discusses weighty problems of the day with 
Eugene Voita, Arch. '25. In the background is Bill Setterberg, Arch. 
'29, and Al Schreiber, Ch.E. '37 

John Adamson, E.E. '15, extends the glad hand to Walter Rieti, 
F.P.E. '15, and "String" Knuepfer, C.E. '15. 

Trustee E. A. Henne, Prof. J. B. 
Finnegan, Trustee R. B. Harper, 
H. A. Vagtborg, Director of Re- 
search Foundation, Dean C. A. 
Tibbals and Prof. P. C. Huntley. 

Below, left — At the banquet table 
meet the silver anniversary men of 
1915. From left to right: Fred 
Faulkner, M.E. (left rear); Bob Wil- 
son, Ch.E.; Curt Diemecke, Ch.E.; 
Ernie Sieck, Ch.E.; Oscar Ander- 
son M.E.; Walter Sir, M. E. 


riiiril Stri-ct, TiKMHi. Ari/.oim. .ind li-ttc 

liiHHis. KnWAH]. .Ions, K.i;., »li(. is fr Iiis iild rlasMiialrs WDiilil lie most 

S^ilrs H<-i)iTscntiitivr for tlu- Illinois KIrc- M|iprcciiit<-(1. 

1897 Wi/.inl Oil C... nniilU ili.iii-cd liis Arimmr in.-n »li.. kiiiw Kiiim.-l Marx 

OlliniN I'K^Mis lin.Mvs !■■ K isiiuu ■"I'l'''^- •" •'■'I- *i'-^t llni.l, I'-.Minsh.ri. will iiiul..ijliti-(ll\ in- scrry tci learn i)f liis 

. ,.' ; ,. ,, , ., ,. ; ■■".,■ Illiiiciis. unt'Drtunate aeeiiieiit in irrduniliiiL' U,()()ll 

residiiii; at i)Jlt Mairniiia Ave.. C liicai;ii. ._._ i. n i i i . .„,.,- i' ■ 

,,. "^ , r M !■ 1 OR viilts. lie inav lie reae led at 2(12) Kast 

U licit. IK. .liiiiN .lo.Nis. .M.r... has le- 17 10 ,, , ;,. . . , , .. 

ceiillv ehan-ed liis address tc, 1 |:i7 \V. ;i.-)ll 
1'!.. i MS .Vn-elrs. Calii, 

1899 trie I'lireelain C.i., has leeentiv ehanfred '.SiieK, K.u.nsi. (h.K.. who Is Chemist 

Wiini. I'.H.Msi ( A.Mii... \I i:., who is his address to I2lt North Laramie .\ve- .Sieek \ DrueUer. has r.'eenth' moved to 

I'resident «( -ilH- Ansonia ( lo,k Co., has iiue. Chiea^o. |s|(i N. Wiiu-hester. (■hiea^'o. ' 

iieeiillv ehaiifred his aildress 1.1 :i2S I'.iiid M Mix. Km.mi.t H., C.K.. has written IQIA 

field K' HronNville. N . V. several very interestiiif: letters to Claude , ,. ' \' ° ,,, ,. 

1901 A. Knnepfer. C.K.. Mo. in eonneetion will, . A't^' ^^. K. <^>^N.^, ki. C h.K.. wlio 

'^"' ,. ,, . the twentv-lifth anniversary of his ^.ra.ln- '^ ""^'^ ''^l'!'' ^ ^'l"- J"';- ^'^'\ ''''■'■"^y 

pv„, .Ions l„„s.r,, I-, ■ ,s now re^ , ,^ ,.,.^,., ^,._^^^,^^,. ^,^^-. ^.^^^^^ ^.^ moved to (,.,.,,1 North Ashland Aye.. ( hi- 

sidiiip .d lowers Hotel. .!.».' .S.K. Jiul |,.||,.,, t'.illow ■ '■•'»-"'■ 

.\\e., .Mi.iiiii. l-'lorida. •■! i ii I I li U I in t 1 I '■"^' ''-i"' ^i' .\ii vnson. C.K.. who is now 

1904 trek haek'lo Thiia.:, l,'\Li .1 niii'Von r.l, y"' !''-;. I"-';"' '" V't "". l'"'.^'- ^^I"' 

\Vu Mlisii VM, KnwMO. .IvMis. .M.l'-,.. wh,, reunion, and liave iniliouiided a road slake 

.\ir .Station. I'ensaeola. Florida, is residiiij.' 

\|e,.h,,ni,al I'.nu'ine.r. Ile,,l \ 1-uei Kn- for tli.-il purpose, hut other eiMuliti'ons ^.ll-iH North M street. Pensaeola. l-'h.rida, 

■Mv.N.v. Ksi is \\ .. .\ nil., was erroneously 

reported to have ehan^red his to 

KiKi Walnut Street, i'hiladelphia in the 

.Ma\ issue of the .Irwonr EiKiiiiitr iiiiil 

Ki.Ki,.. Xiiu.K, I).. Areh.. wlio is Se,- \::Z{;,,;;Z^'{,,^\,;'"^';{^';:r»,"lA^^^ .lhn„nus. n, his U-tter of .Iniie UK Mr. 

t the II sl.ike Oil ( o.. is now ..,..,..• ,.'^.,,.'- .1... ,...T. 11 Mann advises the Alumni Kditor that lie 

lir (■,... is now residin- .d iUOII h.ix,- ;;.,t lo h,' e\eee(lin;.dv propilioii 

l.ooiiiis. (hie.iL'o. \im see. Cl.iiide. I can't fret around like 

1906 ! '""''' "^'■'' '"■. ',''^'7 ■'"•:','-'"* '"""', 

a luonlli 111 the where I 

lieen trviiifr to jxet rid of an al 

, ,„ ., . ,, , , IV haek," and the effects haven't all . . , , , 

nsidni^^ al ll.llt Htl, .street, (ohinihus, ,„„.,| „ff ,.et. Iiif:ht now I feel like that •;... was ,|uite surprised to read where 

^' '■■'^''•'- 'on th.-.t till- rihild l.oet wrol,. ahoill in ' ''■"' '•li'i"f-''-<l '"> address . . . sinee I 

Ki.vrni.. ( iiMiiis. i:.!-:.. who is in the ; • ,1 ■ ...,.' ' . \- \| , \ " ''-ivi' I"'''" located in .Mem], his twenty-two 

C.Mislriiction Dept. I'WA. is now residin- "' ' ' .. ,,' ^^ ,. '.i ,-,. ', ," \ears and still pay rent on my otiicc- here 

at IN.-.I N.oth Daineii Avenue. Chicafio. \iiniii T -h ' 1 ck '"if ii -ii'ln-'r" at f»(i7 Shrine liniidin^'. . ." 

1907 K,d , helicve I iini on the lip.rad^ /J;";" '^^.^^l}^ '''■••^''•■;'^^ ' •'■—■• 

WMiis. Ill oi,i:. M.K.. who is I' "I suppose .lohn .lucker (C.K. ■!.-)) 

i:iii:inecr. H. ( . .\. .M tV. Co.. has re,-entlv or soinelM)dy. has told von that I j;ot 

moved to :i:i7 Kin^j's IliMhw.ay. Wesi. kind of messed up tw,, ve.irs a^^o. I 

lladdonlichl. N. .1. ' t;ron]ided tt.Ollll volt 

if Kstes W. M.iiin. .Vrchitect. Inc. and is 
also I'resident and Treasurer of Kstes W. 
Mann & Coinpaiiy, Architects and Knf.'i- 
ncers. with offices in C.ri'enyille. Missis- 

I ono Ime concealed in the trees on .i mmiidain "■''!',"■ , -, ..,.,, 

,, ,. '7° , . ,. , side. i,sin,aoO(Moot survevor's tape and 1 1 ,s home resKencc is 21.0 .South I'ark- 

Icuio. K. KiiMsi. ( .K.. who IS P.irliier „,^. ,,^,^,^. " , ^„|| ,.,,,, ,^ surveying crew "■'•^ '•■'-'■ Memphis, lenuessee where he 

u The •relia Co.. has recciillv chan-ed his , „•,.,.„„„ ' , ,,„,,,,,.. ., ,■.*>„.. n,..,., I'''S " • • ■ a wife .ind two sons to look 

howeyer, and hohhle around after them 
,,, . nsinir artificial liinhs and a cane, except ^, , ,, ,, ,, , 

<■ '|"••■'^"'■ „i„.r.. fi... .„.;.... ;. 1, \.„i ;.,*,.. Sru.iv.v.N, .losri-ii Kiiwviius. (. .K., 1 

address to hlsd .South ( oniell ,\ venue. „^.,,^^ artificial 1 s and a cane, except ■■'»*'•'•>■'-■• 

■.ccnth moved to 121-. \ South Taylor 
\ve.. Oak I'ark. Illinois. 


where the jroin/r is too roiifrli. .\nd in the 

1909 office I draw with the pencil hetween tlu 

Koiiii. TiKMivs (Mil. Ch.K.. who is middle iin^rers hecause the thiiinh and 

Superintendent .\nierican .\spl,.dt I'.iint forc(ini;cr are pine a.s well as s.inie of |9|7 

Co.. Is now re.sidinff .it liilH Cohh lilvd.. the liiifrers on the other hand. I!ul life Haii,. Kinnkiii \'i:rri:K. K.l'.K.. who 

K.inkakee, Illinois, is sweet .ind iuterestiiifr. as it alvv.ivs was, i,.,^ condueti-d his own iiisiir.iiice a;;ency. 

IIahv-iv. .Iv.m::s S.. M.K.. h;is reecnilv if not more so." is now a lucmher of the inspection sl'iifl' of 

,-han,L'ed his aildress lo S22 Mailison St.. On .May 2H. IHKI. Mr. M.irx wrote to ,|„. ,,„iN„ia Iiispe.dion Hiire.iii .iiid is lo- 

'■'■^■•"istou. I is. Mr. Kuuepfer in ,,art as follows: ,.,,,,.,, i„ ,,„ii„„„p„l 

.Mc K viivii vs. K.iviii, \'i,i,m:. K.IM-'... is "It was nice of yon to answer my let 

now residing: at (i."i7 Ncif Detroit. ter and tell me a I'ittle more aliout "vonr 

.Mich, self. I haec read the ro.ster several times. Bkovm.s, ,Ioiin 1 iwis. K.K.. who is willi 

liii.KXiioHi. Ki.WAKu I)., ( .K., Kxeciitive It apjiears that the class of IHl.o has done H"' Keonomy Fuse \- M !>. Co.. has re- 

Kiifrincer for the I'lihlic I'tility Kiifrineer- well. I am proud of the fact that prae- eently chan-ed his .iddress to Mr,'.> N. 

iiifr & .Service Corji.. is now ' residiufr at tically all are industrialists and have kept Itockwcll. Cliicai;o. 

r,r,r,r, Hd.. Cliiia<:o. their' noses out of the pnhlie feed ha^r. IlAiiry, Ohhin I. .In.. Ch.K.. who is 

lOin which is jroinj.' some, for cnfiineers. .\nd I Chief Chemist for the I.oiie Star Ceinenl 

,, '^'^ .am esi.eeially proud of you few who h.ave C"rp. is now r.-sidiu- al t2il(i CJilhert. Dal- 

niUNsr i.v. l.vKoii, h.. ( .K.. who is a |„.,,„„;. ..,.„„■„„',,.. ,„valisls. ki^. Tex. 

S.desman tor llall-.irlcn \ Co.. re- ..■^■^ ^ ,,,.,,^.,.,| ,,,-|„. ., ,,|,„. ,|re,im ..f |9I9 

•■.'■"'I.v changed his ress to 2.1 S. la- ,„iiie wl at I said al l' a'tteudin. II '^'^ 

Salle St.. Clue.lf.oi. 

WiiiTMoir:. H vv. l-:.V... who is KK-clrical 

K vv MOM, Oiivii,. K.K.. wh. 

iHiMily-liflh reunion. I I, ,1,1 in.v sur-,-oii |.,,.,i,i,.„, „f ,|„. | ;n ne- W,-slerii Co.. 

Te^,'r'7'une; nV,mm.r'Vu"^rnorr,''id' ' """'''' '" ''" "'^''- "'' '"'"'''''^ ""'' '■'■•'•■"tlv "-'V.l I- 1"1" W- :i!'th Stre,.|. 

w I 'It Ul I M' lit", nil. .1^ 1 'H mc, 1 slum Ul i.' ., .,. ... /■■;»,. \i ,. 

^^IJ" ''"' "^ ^"""' ^'''"^""^•■•■- ^.-- i" 1- ward on my haek for three '^Ta Z.l'- Am xamii:,. S.. Ch.K.. y he 

mouths if 1 entert.iined .inv disin- tor n.iehed at B.ix l.-):i. Oak Park. III. 

I"ll tiilure circiil.itiou. Wii.iioH. .Ioiin Uoimikx, Ch,K,. who is 

K.M.MoNs. (Ill, r C. F..K.. who is .-I "However. I,,iir w.dls d I :, pns,,n |)i,.ecl„r .ind .\ssistant to I'residciil of 

Consulting Kiifriueer f,,r I he ( ni.d^e. This \, -Is h,,spil,,l is :, p.,la,,-. ;iiid \\;,,||,,,„,s oil (•,,., h,,s recently ch.anp-d 

leslint: iSc Kiifrineeriiifr Co., r,-,-,nllv I liav,' ;i |,nv.ilc ,■,11. \iid tlu- iiiirs.-s ^^-^ ;,,|,h-,-ss I,, ISMI Crovi-lamI .\ye.. Iliirh 

c'haiified his address I,, :i2l \. Khiiu I ireu'l "11 h.ifrs. l',-,,ple. in,hidiui; mv wil,- i,,,,,, p.,^,. ,|| 

.\yciiu<'. Oak Park. III. and sons, com,- in I,, s,-,. „„■. 1 r,a,l .ind \V, n ,, „:,,„. Uwvh.m, K.. C.K.. who i- 

Sackiiii.m. .Sol. K.K.. wh,, is ,a Math,-- » i lie and listen I,, llw r.adi,,. ^.,1,.,^ Manaiicr, S. \V. Ni,h,,ls C,,., is now 

lu.ilics Teach.-r al the H,„,sevelt llinh "' li"l'<- 'I"' reunion is .a sm.ishiii^' sue- n-Odini: .d'liio.-. NIU Ulili.'.. Clevel.iml 

Sell has rc.-cntlv movi-d lo l(l:U F,,r-o. ''ess. Ph^as,- reiiienihcr mc to tin- hoys. o,,,,, 

Chi,-,,:;,,. .111,1 especi.illy I,,,,ld K. Anniiif; 1920 

.Srivixs. Wncr A.. has r,.,-,-nllv ( C. K. ' 1 li ) . my w .,sl r,-M win of ,,th,-r d.iys \ > ui kso.n, I lo.Mi i, Ki i.iKV. C.K.. w l„. i- 

iii.,v,-,i I,, 2.S .\,:.,l,iuv Str,-et. ( i re,-nw i,h. " lioni 1 k,-pt ,.ul of T.iu ll,t,, Pi: .md „i,|, ,|„. x^-,.„. Y,„-k 1 ife Insurance Co.. i- 

\. V. ,l,.hn .lueki'r .Ir.. Ill,- IV1I..W with Ihc hlaek ,„,„ ...-sidiufr at 77.-. Post Street. Sa, 

1912 l.air on his cheek hones; and Ihal thin- |.-,.„ncisco. California. 

,,,,,, ,. „,,„,, ,,■ I.- ,, : skniued and thick-putted Irishman, .loseph Cor, ,.n:ii. Maksii ai i I ) v M, i . M .K.. w h. 

Van, lion FudiV wif, ,1 I'lli? i '' "'"^"•' <<"''"'- '^''^ ' "'"' "'■'•'"■"' '' is Hie owner of the M . ( iot I lieh .V Co.. h.,- 

\.iln.,lion I,,,;.,,,,,, will, the llhnms ,,,, ,..,„ ,-,-,uii my next door nei^hhors at ,,a-enlly niove.l t„ the Knihassv Hot,! 

Kr.iiilin. I wish 1 ,-,„d,l h,- pr,s,-iil in ( lii,-:,;;;,. 

p,0-s,,ll I,, ,\,h.ll1i;,- ins, ills with lh,s,- l.iAVIS, lilN.IV.VIIN \\,,ii. ( h.l'',.. wh,. is 

1913 ^j.nlh-Mi.ii. S.ilesman for \Vishnick-Tiiiii|H-er. In,-., 
Si iiiii 11,1 1,. .l,,iiN \.. ,\I.i:., who is .S,-,-- \- evir. recently ehaiified his :i,ldn'ss I,, .",111 F,.isl 

rcl.ii-y ,iml (iencr.d .\lanaj;cr tor liamliiis Fniniel It. \l:irx" X'iew Park, Chicafio. 


C,,iiii,i,-r,v C,,mniissi,,ii. is ii,,w rcsidinir :<{ 
1!I2I Washint^P.n I'.lv,!,. Chi, ml',,. 


.Majian/,. I.i:(. S., M.E., wlui is Salf> 
Manager, Tuthill Puiii]) Co., is now resid- 
ing at 4.940 East End Ave., fhicafio. III. 


FiLiz, Hakhy T.. Ind. Arts, who is 
State Director. WPA .\dult Educati.m 
Program, recently moved to 673(j Dorclus 
ter Ave., Chicago. 

KiKHX, Otto. M.E., who is an Automo- 
tive Engineer, Standard Oil Co., is now re- 
siding at 571(1 N'. Rockwell Street, Chi- 

Olskx. Mahvix K., M.E., who is Devel- 
ojiment Engineer for .Sears Roebuck i"v 
Co., has recentiv moved to 4S9 Hawthorn,- 
.-Vve., Glen Ellyn, 111. 

Sloax. Arthi'R H., E.E., who is a 
Salesman for Williams Oil-0-.Matic Heat- 
ing Corp., has recentiv moved to (iliHi 
Stony Island, Chicago. " 

W'li-riiN.MKiKR. FR^:n O., M.E.. who is 
Chief EngiTieer for Wittenmeicr .Machin- 
ery Co., is now residinL' at ttl-l- X. \Vo|- 
eott, Chicago. 


Frkdkrick. Fria) G.. C.E.. who is -\s- 
sistant Engineer with the Indiana Har- 
bor Belt R.R.. has recentiv changed his 
address to 4+10 Drexel Klvd. 

Si.oAX. .JosKPii S., M.E., who is a sales- 
man for DuRois Co.. has recentiv changed 
his address to .330.5 Hyde Park." Chicago. 

Smith. Ormas ti.. C.E.. who is Engineer 
af Buildings. Illinois Bell Telephone Co.. 
is now residing at (iloi North Campliell 
Avenue, Chicago. 

Spkctor. Morris. E.E.. who is a Patent 
Attornev, has recentiv changed his ad- 
dress to' 7710 Colfax .\venue. Chicago. 


HiAi-n-ss. \Vii.i,ia.ii H.. M.E.. wh.i is 
.vith the American Potash & Chemical 
ror]).. has recently moved to 4240 Tosca 
Road. Girard, Calif. 

Hraxdt. Robert I... .\rch., who is a 
Partner of Alexander & Brandt, has re- 
.•ently changed his address to .5*30 Har- 
•ison Street, Chicago. 

j Brostoit. Harry M.. C.E.. has recently 
Inoved to 5009 .Sheridan Road. 
I Dribeck. Maurice Allex. M.E.. wlio 
s a Designing Engineer for the Water 
iPurification De]it.. now resides at US K. 
Pedar .Street, Chicago. 

Eidexberc. Hexry. M.E.. wlio is the 
Iwner of the General Store Fixture Co.. 
recently changed his address to 
4-53 Greenview Avenue. Chicago. ,\rtiur W., Ch.E.. who is a 
"hemist for the Chicago Extruded Metals 
<).. has recently changed liis address to 
540 Wrightwood. Chicago. Illinois. 

.McDowell. Tiio.mas E.. E.E.. who is 
!'hief Engineer for the Pyle National Co.. 
IS recentiv moved to 1010 Ni>. Grove 
ve.. Oak Park. 111. 

Raxsox, Richard R.. K.K.. who is 
lectrical Engineer with Cutler Hani- 
ner. Inc.. is now residinsr at 4951 N. Ncw- 
lall St.. .Milwaukee, Wise. 

ixKoRx. Earl R.. F.P.F".. was recently 

nade .Superintendent of .\gents for the 

at .\inerican Groii]i of Insurance Cos. 

x'o territory has been assigned but his 

luties will include supervision of the En- 

neering Department. 

Soi.o.Mox. Harry. C.F... who is a Struc- 
ural Engineer for Rolierts &: Scliaefer. 
iiw residing at 51 U N. Central Park 
\venue, Chicago. 

TiRRY. EroEXE ,1.. F.P.F... is now .1 
nemher of the staff of the Insuranc 
'onunissioner's office of the State of 
Visconsin. It is understood he will ha\i' 
larticnlar charge of the State Fund In- 
urance Dejiartment. Terry has been con- 


Building Suppli' 


Sales and Sen-ice 


Class of lal2 

3860 Ogden Avenue 
Chicago, Illinois 

Crawford 4100 





Automotive Clutches 

6558 S. Menard Ave. Chicago, III. 

General purpose bronze bush- 
ings — Special bushings, plain 
or babbitt lined, to your blue 
prints — Bronze cored and solid 
bars — Laminated shim sheets — 
Bearings rebabbitted. 


( icfory 2488 Calumet 4213 

192.3 S. Calumet Ave., 

Chicago. 111. 






Wab. 0242 





Soren N. N,elsen, Presiaent 
EHer R. N;.;!se'-, '16 V.-Pres. & Trgas. 



Industrial Purposes 




6601 So. Central Ave. 
Hem. 3300 

"Tbe Only Yard id the Clearing Diet.' 


Candles and Ciqa 


Makers of "Taiigy-Rich" 
Chorohite Products 

I 124 W. 59+h Street 
Wentworth 4441 

Consulting Engl 



l„r All Pur,, 


, Natural Gal 
, 11 ) Coke Oven G 
To Ute: ■. qh 

\ Producer Ga» 

" |- As Fuel. 


308 West Washing 

Chicago, llli 

on Street 


Complimenfs of 




221 West 63rd Street 

J 2488 

Phones: Englewood < 2489 




Wholesale Confectioners 




3211 Ogden Ave. 








822 E. 42nd St.. Chicago 

Tdfiihones: ATLantic 0011. 0012. 0013 

Concrete Brealtlnq 

Phone: Normal 0900 


Chicago Concrete Breaking 



Kemovnl of 

G247 Indiana Ave. Chicago, DL 



Merchandise Mart 

Superior 7811 


Drawing Materials 

The fTorld's Finest 

Surveying Instruments 





Uneqiiivocnlly Guaranteed 


of N. Y. 

520 South Dearborn St. Chicago 

Drawing Materials 

Hamlin and Avondale Avenues 

Illinois Electric Porcelain 



DtstricI Kcpresentative 
Tfltohone Fr.inklin 8900 

20 North Wacker Drive. Chicago. Illinois 

(inui.iislv cimm.rtcd with the Wisconsin 
lin- liiMir:im-r Uatin^' liiiri-aii siiire 19JV 
.mil ri-iTiillv (lid si-rviiv work ill the west 
|.or-li,,M ,,f Slilw:iiiki-c. 

VuiiiiiiDi.NC. I'lun 1 .. V.V.V... who is In- 
s|„.t,,r will, tlif Clii<-at."> Hoard of Under- i^ iiMW ri-sidinf.' at 2111 Campbell, 

WvlwuHTM, Ultll.MID HkSHY. M.K., wllo 

Is with tlu- ThoMipson I'rodiic-ls Co., has 
MM-rntlv rhaofird his addrrss to W.W 
lli-ctwoo,l, Detroit. Mieh. 


liisiioi' ( uvi: It.. K.K.. who i- .\ssistant 
X.lvertisinfr Manacer f..r the I'lihlie Serv- 
i,v Co.. is now residing' .it I"Jil Hull Ter- 
r.iee, Kvanston, III. 

FmiiLiiiiK. .loiiN It.. K.l'... who IS an Knpineer with the Wisconsin 
r..wer ^; I.iplit Co.. is now resldinf.' at 
.'ii.".(l Chamhcrlain .St.. Madison, Wise. 

l-"niseii, JosKi-ii P.. C.K.. who is Tresl- 
(U-Tit of the Frisch Cor)), recently chaiified 
his .iddn'ss to .")H!I Mi'lrose. Kenilworth. 

(liiii \. I.oiis Spknckh, F.P.E., who is 
,11, insjieelor for the Missouri Inspection 
Itineau. reeentlv chanjied his address to 
111)7 W. UTth Street. Kansas City. .Missouri. 

.Smith. Hobkht .\.. .Ir., Arch., who is 
with tlie .\nieriean Sash & Door Co., has 
reeentlv changed his address to Sta. B. 
r,o\ t: !.")?, Kansas City, Missouri. 

Wiisos. H.sRRisos b., .Ir.. K.E.. who is 
Distrihiition Enfrinecr, Chicapo Hapul 
Tr.insit Co.. has reeentlv moved to ■l()").i 
1 .ik,. I',irl< .\ve.. Chica}.'0. 


HiiiMAN. Wii.iiA.M. Ch.E.. who IS a 
( heiiiieal Enfrineer for Ciineo Press, has 
reeentlv chanped his address to Iil40 No. 
Clareiiiont St.. Chicago. 

HiioiK .\. C;,vi.T. Ml'... wh.. is Opera- 
li,,ns M.inafrer of .\rthur Kiil.lolY S; Co.. is 
now residin;: at l-'.'it 1 .ike Shore Drive, 


do R. I.isML ().. E.K.. who is .Vssoei- 

,,|e Professor. Chie.i-o Technical College. 
Is now residing at W\^^ Greenview Ave- 
nue, Chicago. 


«ho is Secretarv-Treasurer. .\lhin J. lie- 
iiold. Inc. is now residiiifr at ].52fi Wash- 
iiifiton Ave.. Wilnictte. 111. 

Nkmoidi:. P,m I. Aic.rsT. M.E.. who is 
.111 Estimator. Cont.iiner Cor)), of Anier- 
ie.i has recently elianped his address to 2(i Drive. Willonj-'hliy. Ohio. 

.Siiiriii., Don.i \s H.. M.E.. who is Di.s- 
Iriet .S.iles Manager. The U. F. Stnrtevant 
Co.. is now residiiif.' .il 2tt Ninth Street, 
S.iii Francisco. Calif, 

lioii, Wmtir H.. Arch,, may he 
,.,,,, ,.|i,,, I ,,,| I'.o. Ho\ II.'. Silver 1 ..lUe, 



,\iiMRi. 1 oris P.. F.P.E.. who is an 
Fn.'iniir f.u- llie Fireman's F'und Insur- 
;,iuv Co,. Is now resiilinfr at 1202 North 
Dicxel. Indiana. 

Di:\x. Harrv F.. C.K.. who is a Drafts 
man in the l". S. Enfrineer OtIice. recently 
moved to lilM- C.orsiicli .\ve.. Haltimore. 

FivNN. Fra.scis Wii.MAM, E.E.. who IS 
,1 Icicher. Chlcapi Hoard of Education, reeentlv moved lo S00<) W. Wood, 
( hie.-.po. _ 

ki vr. .Iamis W.. I'. P. I'... is now Special 
\L'enl for the N.itional Insurance Co. of 
ll.irtfonl with heailiiiiarters in Kansas I 
lily. Missouri, lie will handle the entirej 
Sla'le of Missouri. Kent has recently been | 
in eharpe of the S|irin}.'lielil otlice of the 
Missouri Inspection Mureau where it is j 
imdersloiKl he did an oiitst.indinp Job. 

I ,)i:ii. I-Hi:m:RU- W.. E.E., who is in the 
Linancial Research division of Spiegel, 


Inc., lias recently moved to 6811 Paxton 
Avenue, Chicago. 

I.UKKY, J. G::ralj), E.E., wlio is Assis- 
tant Power Supervisor, Pulilic Service 
Co., has recentlv changed liis address to 
P. O. Box .512, Northbrook, Illinois. 

M.^BLow, N'icHOL-xs H., M.E., who is an 
Instructor in Mechanical Drawing at 
Schurz High .School, has recently changed 
his address to 4109 N. Kedvale Avenue, 

M.iVZZoxE, Samuel A., .\rch., who is a 
Draftsman with S. A. Marx, Architect, is 
now residing at 20.5 Oak Street, Elmhurst, 

Ross, Harold E., M.E., who Is an Engi- 
neer for Carrier Corp., has recently moved 
to 1234 N. Wovde St., Sherman, Texas. 

St. Clair, Charli;s Thumax, Arch., has 
recently changed his address to 1390 Birch 
Street, Denver, Colo. 

Sleley, Cl.\hexce H., Ch. E., who is a 
Patent Solicitor for the Standard Oil Co., 
has recently changed his address to 934;3 
S. Ada Street, Chicago. 

St.\hl, Elmer W., E.E.. who is a Re- 
search Engineer, Crane Co.. is now resid- 
ing at 7814 Michigan Avenue, Chicago. 


Dahlgrex, Harold Tuorw.\ld. E.E., 
who is Chief of Manufacturing Develo])- 
ment for the Teletype Corp., is now resid- 
ing at 427 Cumberland .\ve., Park Ridge, 

HiGGixs, Edg.\r James, .\rch., who is 
Secretary and Treasurer, Reed & Higgins, 
Inc., has recently moved to 6238 Forest 
Avenue, Hammond, Indiana. 

JoHxsox, Halyard T., F.P.E., who is 
with the Illinois Inspection Bureau, is now 
residing at .5621 Emerald, Chicago. 

Kramer, Leroy- A., Ch.E., who is with 
the \'ictor Chemical Co., has moved to -380 
\V. 16th St., Chicago Heights, 111. 

M.WY, Kext I.., F.P.E., who is Special 
Agent for America Fore Insurance & 
Indemnity Group is now residing at 7 
North Meridian Street. Indianapolis, In- 

Payxe, Frederick David. F.P.E., is now 
Special Agent for the N'ew York Under- 
writers Insurance Co. with headquarters 
in Indianapolis. He will cover the Indiana 
field doing both engineering and general 
agency work. When Payne was graduated 
from .\rniour he went with the Wisconsin 
Fire Insurance Rating Bureau where he 
gained valualjle experience in rating and 
engineering matters. In 1930 he was trans- 
ferred to the Indiana Inspection Bureau 
where for several years he has done en- 
gineering work in the Indianapolis area. 
Outside of his very major interest in liis 
family he has done some amateur garden- 
ing and has taken an active part in the 
Signal Coriis of the Indiana Xational 

S5IETHELI.S, ,Toiix M., F.P.E., has lieen 
appointed Special .\gent for the Detroit 
Fire and Marine Insurance Co. to cover 
territory immediately surrounding Detroit. 
Jack has been with the Michigan Inspec- 
tion Bureau since his graduation from 


FoBss, Fritz \iciob. E.E., who is with 
the Independent Pneumatic Tool Co., re- 
cently moved to 542 Bangs Street, .\urora. 

Gerstel, Leox.vrd, E.E., Member E. M. 
GiTstel & Co.. is now residing at 4721 
Dnx.-l Blvd., Chicago, 111. 

.'riRGExsox, Fred Hexry, E.E., who is 
I'.liitrical Engineer .\nierican Telephone 
\ Itlegraph Co., is now residing at 47.5 
Mnntrose, Elmhurst, 111. 

Electrical Equipment 


. . . since 1890 

Electrical and Mechanical 
Carbon Products 


3450 S. 52nd Ave., Cicero. Crawford 2260 

Chicaso Transformer 

Chicago, Illinois 

Independence I 120 

Electrical Equipment 





Telephone SEEIey 6400 

Phone Randolph 1125 
All Departments 




17 Sojth Jefferson Street 
Chicago, Illinois 

"Save with Sajety 



Sign and Illumination Supplies 


16 N. May St, Chicago, III. 

H, Epstein Class 20 




1840 W. 14th St., Chicago, III. 

The Mark of 

Quality in 



225 North Michigan Ave. 
Chicago, Illinois 




600 West Adams Street 

Jack l!>rni» lil. H.Wmarket 626i 




Dearborn 6910 




SIDNEY 1. COLE. (Class 1928 


Handling Equipment 

Serson Hardware 

Kst,itili5hed 1907 



109 East Thirtv-First Street 


PWe Victor, n::^ 


Served exclusively 



McnoNAin. NoKMAN, M.K., Own.r of 
Niiniiaii .NUl)i)iial(l A: Cn.. i> ni.w rcsidiii).' 
Ml .'.-,lii Cn.-i, H.iv liii.ul. I•■.v:ln^t.m. III. 

Miihs. Kmm WArkMi. l-:.l'... has n-<-iiitlv 
r,Hn,<l t.. Ml N. \\:,r\r\ Av.-liur, O.ik 
I'.irk. in. 

.Mm. UK, .\i.i:x, CM'... Willi is HcsuUiit 
Kn^'iii.-tr, Clink Ciuiiitv Ili^'luvav Dipt.. rro-iillv .■liaii^'rd hi- a.ldn-ss to .ill 
N. Iii\.i- I'on-sl. Illinois. 

Mill I.N. WlM.l 11 .\\HON. .\irli., ul„, is 
a r.iiliH-i- ol 1 .it/ \ .Mullili. lias laiTiilU 
riiovcl t,, |.-,im; Tilth .St., K.iH.sli.i, Wis- 

.Srniiiiiiiu;, WiMUM Ni.iioi.xs, .\n-li., 
wlio is lii-^ristrar of the Kv.-iiinii l)ivisi,.ii 
.it .\riMoiir. is iiiiw i-.-siiliiit: at Si:!ii I .1- 
fav.-ttc .\v.-llll.-, Cliica).'!!. C'l.AllKi; 1 ., CI''... wlin is «illi 
111.- Cfiicral Kli-ctrii- Co.. is 11, .« r.sidinn 
at llillL' Iliiitiiaii .\vc., Kx.insloii. 111. 

1930 .S 1 v m 1 v An vs. I'.l'.i:.. 
iT.viitIv iiiovrd to liltiii Iiifrlrsiil.- .\m-.. 
Cliirapi, Illinois. 

CAKI..S0.N. Ci.Mii Ml 1... .M.K.. will, is a for W . 1', Nrviiis Co., is now 
rrsidiii;.r at |:i|ii I mil \m-iiik-, Cliicaj.'!). 

Cl.NTIIlH. .\l. 111111 (11 MIl.KS, K.l'.K., lias 

lic.-ii apiMiiiitcd Stair .\(.'<-iit for tin- Na- 
tional l-'irc (;roii|i of Insiirancr Cos. in 
Miiim-sota. lit- has h.-ni Special Au.iil 
for the saiiir roinpaiiii's workiiiij ( tliio 
from lifail(|iiartcrs in Coliiniluis. 

I.OSS.MA.N, .IdSKl'll Ku'lIAKn. I'M'. I'... is 

now .1 Special Kepresciitativc for the Oil 
Insurance .\ssociafion with Iieadipiarlers 
at Tulsa, Okla. After leavintr Aniionr. 
I ossnian went with the Ohio Inspei-tion 
llureaii anil for the ].ast three years has 
l.een an eiiijineer with the rearl-' 
Meet of Insiiraiua- Cos. 

.Mkvkii, Maim-in, .\i-<-h., \v ho is with 
l.lovds Property Owners .\ssii.. is 11, ,« re- 
sidinjr at :!.)1:."'. I'ine Crove, ( liica-o. 

Mi-Ki.i.KR, Akthih .Ions, ( h.K., uho is 
with Ford Ho]ikins Co.. is now residing' at 
.")l).'il \. Major .\yeniie, Cliica^'o. 

Mri.i.iNs, H.\Hi.i:v W'li.i.Aiui, F.I'.I-',.. who 
is with National Fire Insurance Co., 
rec.-ntly nioM-d to J.-iii liuekinf.'li.iiii Drive. 
Indianapolis. Ind. 

I'am., Don Mil .iosii'ii, K.l'.K.. is now 
n-sidin^' at Ilili:i!l Chalfonte, Detroit. .Mich. 

KosK. .Ia.ii :s .1., C.K., has reeeiith 
ehan-ed his address to Del.iixe Cam)., I as 
.\niiiias, Colo. 

\Vi:s-i-. Urssiii, .\ .. ( .K., who is Special 
Knfrineer with ( .irncfrie Illinois Steel C... 
has reei-nlly nioM-d to 7Sl(i S.-ii;iiiaw Am-.. 

/OI.MMI.M AN .N. KUA.NK ( ) I'l O, K.K., W 111! is 

.1 Salesman. Westin-lionse Klectric KU- 
yator Co.. has recently cliaiified his address 
to IJ7 N. Iliiniphr.-y .\ye.. Oak Park. III. 


AiiAzoms. \'ii(. ,1., .M.I-:., who is .in l-'.ii- 
frineer of fiiniitiire desijrnin^' for the N.i 
tional .Mineral Coiiip.iny. has rei-eiilh 
<-liaiif:ed Ins address I,. .'(i:iK North I'lil.iski 
Iliiad, Chi.-afro. 

HooKl:u. I.rliov W., I- I'.l-:., who is Sales 
Secretary for Nati.mal Old line Ins. Co.. 
has recently inined to L'diil N. I iliiion- 
St.. Kittle i{ock. 

DiiKi.i., IsAiioui; I,., Ch.K.. wli.i is wilh 
the Clon^'h I!i-(-n^:l(- Co.. re<-enll\ 

his address lo .-,111 S. \V 11,'iuii Ave,. 

Chicatro, Illinois. 

FiAi.A. Oi.iviii ,1., Ch.K.. who is •rechiii.-al 
Director, Durkee Famous Foods, has n- 
(cntly mined to -.'HH Marinncr Am-.. 
I oiiiiyille. Kenliicky. 

1Iai.n-i«. Wiiua.m I... C.K., who is Sales 
KnL'ineer for Wallace \ ■rii-rnan Co.. has 
r<-e<-ntly moM-d to 7JII I'rincelon A\.-iiiie. 
Ili-liland Park. III. 



Thermometers — Barometers 


4949 North Pulaski Road, Cliicaqo. lUinoiB 
KEYstone 6600 










1201 Wrightwood Ave. CHICAGO 








John S. Delman '32 



135 So. LaSalle Rand. S560 


Chmtered Li/c Indcruritcy 



IIab-ia.niiv, .\niirkw .S.. M.K.. wlio is 
Kxpcrimental Kii)iincer with Swift & C 
is now residiiif: at Il'-'MI K(.'j.'Icst.iii ,\vc. i 
( hica^'o. 

Moll, lUii.Mo.N S.. 1-MM-',.. has reecnlh 
ehan^'cd his address lo 7J-.' Tavlor Street, 
lopeka. Kansas. 

KiiiMii. Ku 11X1111 Ci-srAV, K.K., is now 
ri-sidiiifr .-it .-)S(i:j \V. Kric Street, Chica^'o, 

KiiAisi:, Hoiiiici Moii-iiMKH. M.K., Willi 
is Chief KnL'ineer. Co.-iled Hoard Diyision. 
( ontainer Cor|i. of .\nieriea. is now resiil 
iiifr at ITS!i; Dixie Ili-hway. Ilomewooil. 

Kam.ii x,mmiii. Ki sMTii C.. K.l'.K.. is 
|iroiid to aniionnci- the arriyal of a second 
hoy to till- liulianajiolis home of the I.anj:- 
haiiimers. Dale: .March 21. 194(1. Name: 
Clemment D.ile. 

I.A-riiA.M. IIahoiii .!.. Ch.K.. wlio is 
.Innior KnL'ineer, llie Peoples Cas l.i)rhti 
\ Coke Co.. has recently moycd to 7K.51 N. 
Kolniar ,\m-., Niles Center. 111. 

lii.MMKi. llicai. Cli.K., who is with 
.Iose|ili I-',. Seaj^rains S; .Sons, is now re- 
sidiiifr at lal- Telilis. I.awrenceher);, Ind. 

.S( i[kaiii:k, Wii.i.iAM A., K.K., is now 
with the Ciyil .Veronautics .Authority and 
is rcsidiiiL' at Castletiin Court, Oceanside 
l.oiifr Island, N. K. 

SiniriMANX, Paii. Emu., F.P.E., who i^, 
uilli the Ohio Insjiection Hureau, has re- 
cent l\ chan};ed his address to ^H2 Drex 
\ye..' Norwood, Ohio. 

Si'Aijii.xG, Fhank \V., F.P.F... who i>; 
.111 Ins))eetor for the Illinois Inspection; 
liiireaii. has re<-entlv moyed to Cill Hidtre, 
Aye., Hockford, III.' 

Stkiskr-i-, Kkvnoi.1i, Ch.K., has n-c-entlv 
cli,-inf:c(l his address to C/o Nic. 1.. .1. \'aii 
llaaren, Casilla De Correo .573, Buenos 
Aires, .\rfrenfina. He is .still with Heich- 
liold Chemicals. Inc. 

\Vi:s-rKH>iAX. Ci.Aiii;; Mason. F.P.F"... win 
is ,1 Field licpresentatiye with I.ansiufr I? 
Warner. Inc.. is now residinfr at 1.5:i2::l 
Kd.L'cwater Drive, Cleyeland, Ohio. 

WiNKiKii, WiiiiA.M P., F.P.F,., who has 
l.i-en located in the Des Moines office ol 
the Iowa Insurance Seryice Hureaii siiu-t 
Ills ^rraduation from .\rmour is now .Spe- Ap-nt in Eastern Iowa for the Na- 
tional Fire Insurance Co. with hcidqiiir 
li-rs in Des Moines. 

1931 in '41 — Tenth Reunion 

W.ileh f.ii- aniioiuiei-ments c-oii 
eeniin- the hit;f.'cst Tenth .\iinivers:ir> 
p.irl> in the- history of Armour. Plan' 
an- alrc.idy under way to m,-ike .Vliinmi 
ueek of I(in the hisici-st day in all clas- 
hislc.r\. .\ partial comniittee,' i-oinposed ot 
I-.. A.'.lohnson, C.E., H. .M. Krause. M.K. 
K, v.. Pasehke. E.E.. E. P. Hiilin. Arch. 
\. ,1. I enke, K.P.E.. and Art Jens, th, 
Aliniini I-'.ditor, haye already done ]ireliiii 
iii,n-\ work in deeidiiifr ii|>on a )il.-in ot 
altick. (Questions, coniinents, suiip-stioii' 
,iiid should he directed to T'cntli Coniniittee. Class of IH.U. Miiiimi 
()tlii-(-. ,\ri 11- liisliliih-. 


Km II, WMiiii ( .. K,.K.. reeeiill\ 
inoyed to t.'Ki \. Newliall, Shorewomi, 
Milwaukee. \Vis,-,.iisin. 

Cahi.ion. KnwMiii WiunM. K.K.. nia\ 
lie re;ii-h(-d .it I'. (I. Bo\ Id.KN. Chi<-a,L'o. 

( \M V. .1 vMis .los C.K.. who is Willi 

Ihe Illinois DiMsion of lli;.'hwav.s. has re 
ceiitlv moved to Miindclein. Illinois. 

CoKNWii.i. Dxvin It. I .. .M.E.. is now 
residini: at ."idii N. Cnvler .\venne. Oak 
I'.irk. Illinois. 

El. MAN. .It-i.iis. ,\rcli.. who is an K.iiL'i 
iieer in tin- D<-|it. of 
Oil Prodiiets Co.. is now residiiiir at :!ii| 
\. Wilcox, .loli.-l. III. 

FixxEGAN, Joseph Behnakd, Jr., F.P.E.. 
who is a Special Agent for Crum & For- 
ster, has recently been transferred to De- 
troit to handle Wayne County. His office 
is lilt Detroit Savings Bank Building. His 
residence is 1205.5 Monica Ave., Detroit. 

McCall, James Stvart, M.E., who is 
Assistant Engineer of Design and Mate- 
rial, Union Pacific R. R., has recently 
moved to 5616 Briggs St.. Omaha, Ne- 

McGiLL, Thomas Alax, E.E., who is 
Service Engineer, t'line Elec. Mfg. Co., has 
recentlv changed his address to 39s W. 
Uth Pi., Glen Ellyn, 111. 

Richards, Eigexe B.. E.E., who is a 
Statistician at the "Western Electric Co., 
recently moved to 15" X. la Porte .\ve.. 
Chicago, 111. 

Rrnoi.F, WiLBCH Harvey, C.E., who is a 
Bridge Draftsman for the Atchison, To- 
peka & Santa Fe R. R., is now residing 
at 37 Tuttle Ave., Clarendon Hills, 111. 

ScHODDE, Gl[:x Wii.i.iam. F.P.E., is 
proud to announce the arrival of Karen 
Ann Schodde on Jane 2+. 1940, in Min- 

ScHii.Tz, William G.. F.P.E.. who has 
been in the Toledo office of the Ohio In- 
spection Bureau, has joined the staff of 
the Lumbermen's Mutual Insurance Co.. 
of Mansfield, Ohio. 

.Stocklix. Willia.m .\., E.E.. who is an 
Engineer for Warwick Mfg. Co., has re- 
cently changed his address to .3528 N. 
Kilpatrick, Chicago. 

ToxsAGER. How.iRD ARTHUR, Arch.. who 
is Superintendent of Construction, 
Schmidt, Garden & Erikson, is now resid- 
ing at 6431 North California .\ve., Chi- 

White, Da.v I., M.F,.. wlio is now with 
the Athev Truss Wheel Co.. Clearing. 
Illinois, resides at 319 Ruhv. Clarendon 


Becker. H'xrv F.. .Ik.. P'.P.E.. is now 
a member of the Ensineerin'r Staff of tlie 
American Mutual I iabllitv Insurance Co.. 
with headouarters at 221 N. La Salle 
Street in Chicago. After a short training 
course he will he assismed to a territory 
outside of Chicago. Becker spent several 
years with the Iowa Insurance Service 
Bureau after which he joined the staff of 
Lansing B. Warner. Inc., in Chicago, as 
■an engineer and underwriter. 
I Belford. Robert O.. F.P.E.. is now 
Minnesota .State .\gent for the Pacific 
IXational Fire Insurance Co. He was for- 
rmerly an inspector with the Fire Under- 
writers Inspection Bureau in Minneapolis. 

Bodixsox^, Haroij) William, F.P.E.. 
who is with the Kentucky Actuarial Bu- 
reau, is now residing at Ashland. Ken- 

Cari.strom. Rov William. F.P.E.. who 
s Special .\gent. The .\nierican Insurance 
Co., has recently moved to 1407 .State .St., 
Eau Clair, Wisconsin. 

I.ARSox, Bradford, F.P.E., was married 
on .\ugust 28, 1940, to Bettv Georsinc 
Heath in Kansas Citv. Tlieir residence 
is 15 Collision Road, Boston. Mass. 

I OMASXEY, EnMiXD P., Ch.E.. who is 
Chief Chemist, Red River Refininii Co.. is 
now residing at 2416 Bryn Mawr .\ve.. 

Revxolds, Harold Ci.vde, E.F^.. has re- 
cently moved to 4410 N. Winchester Ave.. 


Baciixer. .Iohx Joski'ii. Cli.F... who is 
Sales Engineer for the Chicago Molded 
Products Corp., now resides at l-')20 Park 
.\venue. River Forest, Illinois. 

Clarksox", Clarexce W.. E.E., who is 
n the Engineering Department of tin- 

Belson .Mfg. Co., recently moved to Pent- 
water, Michigan. 

FiXLAY, Sami-el, M.E., who is witli 
Armour and Company, is now residing at 
7223 Vincennes, Chicago. 

HoFMEEsreR, Theodoras Marixus, .Ih.. 
-Vrch., is now residing at 220 South Mich- 
igan .\ve., c/o Cliff Dwellers, Chicago. 

Ki BicKA. Joseph Louis, Ch.E., who is 
Chief Chemist, Container Corp., has re- 
cently changed his address to 2912 Me- 
nard, Chicago, Illinois. 

KosTEXKO, Barry Mich.^el, C.E., who 
is Technical Associate, Sueske Brass & 
Copper Co., has recently changed his ad- 
dress to 2233 Buckingham Terrace, West 
Chester, 111. 

Lippix-coTT. Carl M., C.E., who is Sales 
F'.ngineer. Metal & Thermit Corp.. is now 
residing at 7752 Prairie, Chicago. 

PixKus, Jerome R.. M.E., who is with 
the Research Dejit. of Crane Co., is now 
residing at loll S. Austin Blvd., Chicago. 

.SuMAX, Robert Wheeler, M.E.. who is 
Mechanical Engineer for the Link Belt 
Co., has recently moved to 324 N. May- 
field, Chicago. 

Thomas, Curtis William, M.E.. who is 
with the Chicago Screw Companv. has re- 
centlv moved to 4S41 Thomas Street. Chi- 
cago.' 1935 

BoLTOX. Hr)WARI) TllEODORE. C.E.. who 

is a Junior Engineer in the U. S. Engi- 
neer's office doing design work and check- 
ing flood control works is now located in 
Tulsa. Okla. His address is 47 N. KnoN- 
ville Ave. 

Ciiristoph, .Vlbert Eldr!:d, M.E., who 
is with Swift & Companv, has recentlv 
chanL'cd his address to 339 W. Madisori. 
Wheaton, III. 

Cox. Harolo Edward, M.E.. who is Sales 
Engineer of the H. H. Robertson Co.. has 
recently changed liis address to 17 Brani|i- 
ton Lane, Green Hill, Cincinnati. Ohio. 

Delaxg, Theodore George, Ch.E., who 
is with the Featheredsre Rubber Co., has 
recently moved to 3-West 915 Washington. 
Evanston. Illinois. 

Grossmax, Mvivix, Arch.. lias recentl\ 
changed bis address to Bancroft Hotel. 
15th and Collins .\ve.. Miami Beach. 

Nei.sox', George .\i.bert, C.F... is with 
the U. S. Engineers and is located at 
Diablo Heights, Canal Zone. 

.SrocKiXG, Ke.vxeth Orix'. C.E.. who is 
located in the U. S. Engineer's office in 
Omaha, was recently married to a Wis- 
<'onsin girl. 

UzuxARis. Wait-h Martix. E.F... wild 
is Motor Inspector. International Harves- 
ter Co.. has recently changed his address 
to 10151 State Street. Chicago. 

West. George .\xthoxv. C.E.. who is 
Junior Lubrication Engineer. Standard 
Oil Companv. is now residing at 5S31 N. 


,\li.ex. .Iack. Arch., lias r «• <■ e n t I v 
chaUL'cd his address to Corbin Place. N.K. 
c/o Sam Eskin. Wasliington. 1). C. 

Greex.mas. Hugh Merrill. M.E.. who 
is a Production Time Clerk. Woodward 
Governor Co., is now residing .it I6I1T 
Crosby St., Rockford, Illinois. 

Kirscii, Earl .L, K.K., is now with the 
Standard 'I'ransformer Company at 
ren. Ohio. His address is 103o' Trumbull 
Avenue. S.F... Warren. Ohio. 

Khekt. F.arl .\liiert, Ch.E., who is with 
the Portland Cement Company, has re- 
cently moved to Ingleside, Illinois. 

Mc.Mui.iix. FaiWARD .\cie, C.F... who is 
.in'ineer in Illinois Division of Hiiih- 
wavs. lias recentlv chan-ed his address to 
Jiiiis Orchard Street. Chicago. Illinois. 




135 South La Salle Street 


Telephone Franlciin 1 166 


Furnished Armour Relays by 

D iEGEs and r msT 

185 N. Wabash Ave., Chicago 

Central 3115 





Founded 1887 

Independent — Endowed — Xon- Sectarian 

Aftornoon «ral Evening ClaMM. 

Tel. Oea. SB85. College Bldg., 10 N. Franklin St. 




Telenhone Seeley 4400 


348 North Bell Avenue, Chicago 

Managennen'l' Engine 


Established 1911 







Head Office: LaSalle-Wacker Building 




Nkai.. Dcnaii. ,1.111 n. K.l'.K., wliii has 
Ih-imi in till- l-'.n;:iiiciTiii)r nr|>jirtimrit (if 
the- National Kirr Insurance Co. in Chi- 
cafTo has hci-n translVrn-d to Ohio as S]h- 
c-ial Ajicnt anil I'roduotion Knginccr. His 
hi'a(l(|uarti'r> will he at C'olninhus. 

I'aii.six. Koiiiiir Marsiiam. t'li.K., who 
is lUstari-h Knf.'inr.r. North Shore Coke 
& Clu-inical Co. lias rrrmtlv chanfred his 
address to liltl l.iint .\\"e.. Apt. -i-N. 
Chiea;:... III. 

KoriisiMiii II. CiiioHT UoiiKKr. l',.F... who 
is an Kleetrieal Testln;; Kngineer with the 
Kleetroniollve Cor]>. has recently chanfred 
his aiUlress to 17()!l K. li.Sth Street. Chi- 

KlI'PKHT. HoHKKT HKArrlK. K.K.. K.P.F.., 
has resifrned his position as ins])ector witli 
the Ohio Ins|>ectii>M Hiireaii to join the 
Chieapo Hnfrineerin".' Departinent of the 
America Kore Ciroup of Insurance Cos. 
His home address is (ilCiJ Stewart .\ve. 

.SniH, J'bkiuruk Jos.. .Ir.. K.K.. who is 
an lusp.clor with Western Electric Co., is 
now residiiij; at ."vii-s Oakdale. Chicago. 

Smith. Khiiikhu k .\rtihr. C.F... who is 
a Draftsman for the Chicafjo I'ark Dis- 
trict, has re<enth clianfied his address to 
71(11 Clyde .Vven'uc. Chieafro. 

/.wissi.KR. (ioRnoN Arthir. C.K.. who is 
Industrial F.npineer. Cirneirie-Illiiiois 
Steel Co.. has recently moved to :i:!ii Nor- 
mal I'arkw.iy. Cliicairo. 


Dkcis. .\rtiu II (iKoK(ir. Ch.E., who is 
with the Hercules I'owder Co., is now 
residiuL' at .i2ti No. la Crosse. Chicafro. 

Mamiik.wii/. Am. M.F... has recentiv 
moved to l.T N. M.i\ field Avenue. CliicaL'o. 

NiK.MANN. HiiMii MM. I'.. M.F... lias re- 
centlv changed his .address to R.F.D. 
Clearinjr. 111. 

Uoss, Hkhmi.v MiiToN. C.V... wh,, is a 
Traffic .\iialvst for the Illinois State High- 
way De|>t.. 'is now resiilinir at Hl^in West 
Monroe. Chicago. 

."iciiRCiiicR. Warri N Frvsk. ( Ii.F... who 
is in the Hesearch I.ahoratorv. C.iilf Ue- 
.search & Develoiuiient Co.. has recentiv 
moved to 412-5 Helleplaine .\ve.. Chicago. 

Stirgkon', Joii.v Krkdkruk. Ch.F... who 
is a Chemist f<ir F.. I. Du Pont de 
Nemours & Co., is now residing at 1701 
Granvilh' Avenue, Chicago. 

TinNDKR. Ivax DWi.Toy. C.F... m.iv he 
reached c/o Shaw & I.unt. 1 Wis i'ark 
Street, .\lameda. Calif. I'ra.ncis CiKORC.K. F.I'. I'"... 
who is with Lansing H. Warner. Inc.. 
recentiv changed his adilress to SOU S. 
Kiierha'rl Ave.. Cliicag,.. 


Kakih. Davii., .\rch.. has receiith 
moved to 1)121 Cliam|)lain .\ve.. Chicago.' 

Dkitkr, Cari.i;tos- IlAnRV. Ch.F... who 
is witli the Sherwin-Williams Paint Com 
])any. has recently moved to 100.50 Cl.ire- 
mont, Chicago. 

LrnrB, Morton F... Cli.F... F.P.F... is .in 
Inspector with the Indiana Iiisiicclion Hii- 
reau. assigned to the 'I'erre Haute office 
in the .Merchants National Hank Ruilding. 
Terre Haute, Indian.i. His residence is 
the Y. M. C. A. 

McI.ST^Hi:. .loiiN FoHMV. F.P.F... who 
is an F'ngineer with Federal Hardware & 
Implement Mulnnls. has recently moved to 
liriinswick. Missouri. 

Pai.ka, C.Konc.i; AioisT, F..F... is now 
conne<te<l with tin- Standard Transformer 
Co. of Warren. Ohio and is residing at 
I0:?0 TruiiilMill .\ve. S.F.. W.irren. Oliio. Fi.wxRi.. Ch.F.. who is willi 

the Standard Oil Co. of Ohio was married 
on .\ugiist :!l. lilKJ. 

Wamimavih. Vutok (i.. Arch, who is .a Celolex Corp.. is now residing 
.it !Mi.' Wiii.,iia Axe,. .South Chicago. 


Com 11 II. TiioM vs. C.K.. who is with the Ccniriit Co. was ni.irried on 
.liih 1. 

.Iakhi:. Kohiki 1.. Ch.F.. wrote in (i.irt 
to Placement Director. .John Schommer. 
on .May S, IHKI. as follows: 

Dear .Mr. .Schonnner: 

I have Just received your kiinl letter of 
.May (i in which you informed me of your 
efldrts to nu- as ,i inet.illurgist in the 
Chicago area. I certainlv am iiratefnl for 
the .ictiNc inter<-st which "vou lia\e taken in 
this matter. 

Hecentlv. however. I accejited a position 
.IS a Hureau of Mines Research Fellow. 
It really is a L'rand oiiportunity. one 
which 1 can't afford to refuse, .\ccord- 
inL'ly. ! will not he aide to follow the lead 
which you mentione<I in vour letter. 

I will he with the Kastern Kxperiment 
Station at College Park. .Maryland diirini.' 
the academic year, where I will do thesis 
work. This, coupled with course work at 
the Cniversity of .Maryland, will lead to a 
Ph.D. in Chemical Fjigineering. Inci- 
dentally, the thesis prolilem is metallurg- 
ical, so I won't have entirely left the field. 
During the summer I'll work at the Metal- 
lurgical .Station at Salt Lake Citv under 
Dr. It. S. Dean: at College Park.' during 
the academic vear. I'll work under Dr. V. 
II. (lottschalk. 

Tli.inking vou again for vmir kindness. 
1 am 

.Sincereh \ours. 

' Holiert I. .lartVc 
Hamilton Hall CI.; 

Km SI . WiMAKii K.. Ch.F.. who is with 
the St.iiidard Oil Co. of Indiana and is 
loc;ited at Whiting. Indian.a was m.irriiil 
on .Tune 2!). 19+0. 

LvcKBKRc, Bkr.vdt K.. Ch.F... was mar- 
ried on June l.'i. lilio. He is with the 
Standard Oil Co. of Indiana. 

HvA.v. W11.11A.M A.. Ch.E. It was with 
the deepest regret that the .Alumni Office 
l.-arned of the death of William Ryan who 
was graduated with the Class of 19:i!t in 
the De|iartment of Chemical Engineering. 
He was drowned jit ^'jisilanti. .Michigan on 
.luly 22. lilK'. He was on the staff of the 
Peo|iles Cas I iirlit .ind Coke Co. in 

F. M. de Beers & Associates 


20 rJorth Wacker Dri^e Rand. 


Representing— well known, successful, 


qualified builders of modern, ef?ic 


Process Machinery and Equipment 

Evaporators, all types, any service or capa 
Filters — pressure or rotary drum vac 


Multi-stage Vacuum Equipment — for vacuum 
cooling, refrigeration, deaeration. distilla- 
tion, dcodorization. 

Steam Jet Vacuum Pumps — condensers 
types. Atmospheric Drum Dryers — s 
and double roll. 


Centrifugals — solid and perforate bask 
•ill metals, Ctiemical Stoneware — full 
including suction filters, pebble mills, 
raschig rings, towers, tower packing. 
Proof sinks, pipe, tanks, brick, tile, cer 
tank linings. 



Fitziiibbims Boiler Company, Ina 






2015 So. Michigan 
Chicago. Illinois 
C, Malvln victory 1617 

Office Furnltur, 

Office Furnilure House, Inc. 






2911 -I 3 Wentworth Avenue 




Dramatized Photographq 




425 South Wabash Avenue • Chicago 





(From page 15) 
liott-Is and other l)uildin!is tlirougli- 
oiit till- city, tiy special permission 
of the Mayor and City Council 
granted at the request of the Health 
Department. Wherever any kind of 
liazards to life and health were 
found, prompt removal of the dangers 
followed. As the result, Chieaao has 
set an example which is now beinj;- 
followed in many other cities and 

It is believed that todav Chicau'o 
is one of the safest cities in the world 
as far as diseases spread through 
faulty plumbing are concerned, be- 
cause this work has been followed 
up consistently for the past seven 
years. Other factors also have con- 
tributed their share to this great im- 
provement. For example, the Health 
Department has carried on a great 
deal of original research and experi- 
mentation to determine whet'ur or 
not various types of fixtures and de- 
vices have elements of danger and. 
if so, what can be done about making' 
them safe without undue expense to 
the public and owners of jjropertv. 
Numerous exhibits have been shown 
for educational purposes at medical 
and public health meetings, as for 
example at the Annual Convention 
of the American Medical Society at 
Cleveland in 193I-. Fixtures peculiar 
to hospitals and laboratories have 
come in for their share of .ittciition. 
because of the special h.-iz.irds where 
sick people are cared for. but that is 
a story by itself.^ 

Our Chicago inanul'aeturers of 
plumbing supplies and fixtures are in 
the forefront of tlu' race to design 
and produce equipment as safe to 
health as it is convenient, comfortable 
and beautiful. Our master and jour- 
neymen plumbers are alert to ])reveiit 
dangers in plumbing construction. 
Our maintenance engiin-ers are coin 
ing to understand the neeessit\' and 
value of having all phjiniiiiig uurk 
done only by coiniieteut registered 
plumbers who are alile to ;n(iid 
health hazards. Our architects reeo'i' 
nize the need for better design, which 
will assure ample pipe sizes to mini 
mize the possibility of the production 
of a negative head in water jiipes 
and to avoid overloadina- of sewer 
pipes. Many of our building owners 
know that safe plunibini;- from tin- 
standpoint of health ))rotection is a 
good investment and a bulwark 
against future losses which might re- 
sult if their plumbing systems, be- 
cause of faulty design or constrne- 
tion, should lead to epidemics among 
their clients or tenants. 


in Our Studio or Your Home 

Specialists in Pictures for 



Est. 40 Years 14th Floor 

27 E. Monroe DEArborn 2924 

Olfictal Photourafher 
for the 





An economical reproduction process 
lor Office Forms, Cliorts, Diagrams, 
Grafs, Specifications, Testimonials, 
House-Organ Magazines, Bulletins, 
Maps and many otfier items. 

No Run Too tong No Run Too Short 

Estimates will not obligate you 
in any way. WRITE OR CALL. 




I HARrison8835 

Phone Prospect 91 10 







5211 So. Trumb 

ull Ave., Chicago 


Spwializmg p|,„„, 






1314 W. 63rd Street 




.V renaissance of plumbing inspec- 
tion in this country and abroad has 
followed the work of the Chicago 
He.ilth Department growing out of 
this e))idemic. Better maintenance of 
plumbing; safer design of fixtures; 
more adecjuate inspection of new 
])lumbing inst.allations and of altera- 
tions of existing ones; the establish- 
ment of a plumbing testing laboratory 
here and later in other cities; revi- 
sion of a well-known, standard med- 
ical text dealing with amebic dysen- 
tery, taking account of the new ideas 
gained; a survey by the Government 
of plumbing in federal buildings; 
and. only this year, an exhibit of 
health hazards in plumbing at the 
New York World's Fair, wiiich ni.ay 
becouie a ])ermauent part of the 
American Museum of Hygiene — all 
these and more besides have followed 
in the wake of that celebrated <-pi- 

The latest edition of '■Public 
Health Administr.ation in the United 
.States" by Dr. Smillie. a recognized 
.iiithority. stresses anew the impor- 
tance of ])lumbing inspection as a 
function of the municipal health de- 
|)artnient. in its effort to safegu;ird 
all citizens. 

The young men in engineering 
schools today have one ilistinct ad- 
vantage over those of a generation 
ago, — namely, the fact that many 
consequences to health from engi- 
neering activities are recognized as 
important today which were either 
unknown or ignored then. Every fu- 
ture engineer should be given an op- 
liortunity to learn enough .ibiuit 
health before and during his )ieriiiil 
of engineering training so in his 
efforts to promote material )ir(isper- 
ity. tr.ansport.ition, housing, utilities 
and development of natural resources, 
III will be able to avoid creating haz- 
ards to the health and lives of the 
pi-ople he seeks to benefit. 

Hiuiesty is to iiiiod en- 
i;inerring. .iiid in f;u-t to .all sc-iintilic 
work. If an rnginrrr should fake his 
ligiires. it wiuihl not be possible to 
eoiu' for long his dishoiusty. .-is 
the tall of .1 bridge, the colla|)se of 
.1 building, the bursting of :i < 
or some other e\ il result of his fidly 
would reveal it. As the result of <x- 
perieiiee, the public f.iith ill the 
honesty of the engineer. Because of 
the eonlidinic which people li,a\e 
Ir'irned to |)laee in the seieiitilie man 
ill general and in the en- 
gineer ill, his \iews on .i 
wide range of subjects, of 
them outside of his iuunedi.ite tield 
of activity, carry weight in his 
community. 'I'lienfore. in the impor- 
tant field of health pronint inn. as well 


as in otlitr (Jircctions. tlu' ciiiiinti r 
sliould strive to l)cconif well infoniK d. 
Iiotli to protect his own lualtli aiiil 
also to |>roniote the welfare nl tin 
many othirs who have come to lnok 
ii|ioii him as .1 liader in matters re 
(|uiririi; irciod iij(ls.nneiit and sterliiiii' 


( 1 ) ■• rii<- Sipiiilieaiiee of \Vater-l)iiri., 
rv]ili(.i(l I'.^vcr Oiitlireaks. li)L'(l-l<);!il." I,\ 
\lirl Woliiiaii, Dr. F.iifT., and Arthur K. 
C.irinari. M. S.. Jniirnal of tlie Ainerieai, 
Water Works Assoeiatioii, Vol. j:). \... J. 
I'eliruarv, l!i:il. jiap- Hid. 

(J) "U'aler-Monie Oiithn-ak of lirueella 
Meliteiisis Iiifeetiou." I>v A. W. Newitl, 
M. I).. T. M. Koppa. Si. I). .111.1 1). \V. 
C.udakuMst. M. H.. Aiiieriean .Inirriial i.f 
I'lihlie Health. Vol. IW. N,,. 7, .lulv. I!i:ili. 
I'. -.W. 

(3) "Kpideniie .\iii,-hi,' Dvseulerv Tlie 
CliieaL'o Outtireak of l!i:i.f." National In- 
stitute of Health li.dletiii. No. l(i(i. the 
t Mit<-(l Slates I'uhlie lle.ilth .Serviee. Su- 
perintend.-Mt of n.K-iinients. W.i-.liiiif;ton. 

n. c. 

(4) "Health Hazar.U in I'liniihinL'." li\ 
Herman N. Hinulesen. .\I. 1).. The Mnd- 
rrn Hospital. Vol. 44. No. 4, April. liKi.-). 

"Safefjiiardiiifr the Sterile Water Sup- 
ply," hy .loci I. Connollv, M. S.. The .Mod- 
ern Hospital, .Inly, 19:3.5, P. Vol. 4-5. No. I. 



To business correspondents wlio do not 
know you personally, or who have not 
seen your place of business, your letter- 
head reflects the personality of your firm 

FRANE W. i5iCICK & Company 

432 South Dearborn • Chicago 

JPeiUrUead cflvlish 


732-738 Van Buren St. 

Creators and Producers 

of Better Grade 


Monroe 6363 Chicago 


• Standard lines in Steele 

• Specials made to order 

• Plain rs r p r i n t » • ; 


538 South Wells Street, Chicago 
Telephone Harrison 7233 

Fred W. Krengel 


6400 Minerva Avenue, Chicago 

Ptione Hyde Park 2419 


833 W. Jackson Blvd. 


"Everylhirt/i in Radio" 



53 WEST 
WABASH 6743 



Gentry Printing Company 

A-dv-eAiiiinq. Thintitig. 







33rd Place and Cottage Grove 



(From page 18) 
ni;h .1 iiroj)erly designed electrode 

rrll. ,it .1 determined temperature, 
Mm (1 the in.iiriiified electric cur- 
rent so i)rodiieed to actuate a .Micro- 
ni.i.x ( hctric controller on the line of 
one of our component matcrial.s. It 
is siisTitested that if the reader wishes 
to .isMire himself that he vet retains 
tlj( t nnd.imental cnjiineering learned 
.ct .\rniour .an attempt he made to 
sketch up such a circuit. 

It is |)re<lictcd that engineers are 
iioing to be increasingly interested in 
.lutouiatic control methods applied in 
the s))eci(ic engineering lines in which 
\vi- :irc most concerned. 

Real Estate 


Real Estate 






I 14-1 16 East Cermak Road 
Phones: CALumet 7230-6420 

Machine Products 

c. ...0,, .. Products 

made exact to speci- 
fications. Capacity CONTRACT 
' "" '° '^'"- MANUFACTURING 

C. A. Knueptei '15 W. J. Tarrant 23 

Pres. VicePres. 

General &{0nemn^ Hhrks 

47a7'iVDmsion Sired ~ Cilica^o 


Solders and Babbitts 




Calumet 4901 Res. So. Shore 5129 






2236-38 Calumet Ave. Chicago, III. 

Water Treatment 


Scale and Corrosion Control 



Aqueous Systems 

D. W. Haering & Co.. Inc. 

2308 S. Winchester Ave. 
Chicago, 111. Haymarkel 0246 


(From page 20) 
in slant. Good motion study work 
demands the cooperation of observer 
and of worker. The}- work out to- 
gether the answers to the jjroblem of 
how to do the task best. Wliat is 
more, tlie operation makes sense. It 
is not natural to sabotage one's own 
task. Men do it only when driven by 
frustrations or motives not inherent 
in the work itself. It is therefore 
not surprising to find, where motion 
study has been iiandled by an experi- 
;nced man with due regard for the 
rights and interests of the worker as 
well as of the management, that op- 
position to it has commonly dissolved. 
\s a matter of fact, tliere have been 
interesting endorsements of the prin 
:iple of motion study by some of tlie 
national organizations of labor. 

The interest of the engineer in the 
aossibilities of motion study may be 

\arious. To the employer of other 
men, or to the man in charge of oper- 
ations, the technique offers a valuable 
means of improved efficiency of oper- 
ation. To the younger engineer there 
are interesting job possibilities. There 
is, of course, always a danger of a 
general rush towards this new field, 
■ind tliere are some evidences of a 
tendency in that direction at the mo- 
ment. It looks, however, as though 
for several years there would be, as 
the wave of employer interest in the 
subject travels further, a demand for 
men trained in motion study work. 
The bulk of this training and the final 
proving of the man must come in in- 
dustry. The principles are simple, 
but they are worked out with |)eople 
under the most intimate circum- 
stances, and always in an atmosphere 
of some (luestioii as to tile final results 
of the change to tiie worker. Advice 
nil the handling of these questions can 
be given in classes, but there is no 
way of really learning to handle 
people except to handle them. 

As we enter a period of intense 
preparation for possible attack, a 
period which seems bound to call for 
tile utilization of our resources to the 
utmost, motion studv' offers other ])os- 
sibilities. In the first place, the 
icoiiomy which results from motion 
studies is usually almost entirely net. 
One rearranges the task, usually with 
iiK'idental but seldom with expensive 
changes of fixtures, and eliminates 
waste motions. No better way to 
widen bottle-necks, or to get the most 
luit of our limited available equip- 
ment, could be found. In the second 
|)lace. with the problem of large-scale 
induction of men into new tasks, mo- 
tion study offers a marveloush' effec- 
tive tool for teaching. When an ob- 
server has been trained to precise 
observation of the elements necessary 
to performanee. he is in ,-i position 
not only to aiialyzi- for himself the 
methods of the skilled worker, but 
(piiekly to convey to other men the 
essentials of skill. Limited use of 
the moving picture has already been 
made as a means of demonstrating to 
workers how to perform a task. 
I. earners have performed a task in 
syuelironism with the movies, with an 
instructor on to point out de- 
fects in procedure, and if necessary, 
to show the learner just how his per- 
formance differs from the standard 
lierforinaiice. Tasks wiiich under the 
old hit-or-miss method r e (] u i r e d 
months or years for mastery may in 
some cases be taught in days. 

Motion study does not, of course. 
Jirovide .ill the ;inswers. It docs not 
jiroxide .-i substitute for teelinie;il 
iudginent. .-niil the tool ni;iker who 
must work out his fixture .is he de- 

velops it will continue to rely on a 
broad range of technical experience. 
But so far as an operation is repeated 
often enough to make it worth de- 
tailed study, it can be broken down 
by experienced men into elements 
which can be taught. 

The idea of motion study is not 
confined to routine industrial opera- 
tions. The German army has profited 
tremendously from the meticulous at- 
tention to detail which characterizes 
the motion study technique. Some of 
the most interesting studies have been 
made of clerical routine; sometimes 
dozens of meaningless shufflings of 
jiajjcrs disappear when one so much 
as becomes aware they exist. The 
directions in which this method can 
be ajjplied are many. The possibil- 
ities of the release of national ener- 
gies are large. Fortunately, the pro- 
cedures are so simple that thev may 
be quickly learned, at least to the 
point of practical utility. 

It may be asked: "Does not this 
detailed analysis remove all room for 
initiative, for creative skill in indus- 
try?" It may, if one regards it as 
a dictatorial procedure, but when the 
motion study man thinks of himself 
as a teacher, then the process offers 
to both teacher and learner possibil- 
ities of release of creative effort. It 
is axiomatic that a man enjoys and 
takes pride in a task which he does 
well. A surprising number of people 
in this world, often without full con- 
sciousness of tile fact, feel themselves 
balked and limited by an imperfect 
mastery of their work. Surely there 
can be no more constructive task than 
to supply to such men the skill which 
transforms tiieni into fully effective 
members of society. As to the charge 
of routinizing. Frank Gilbreth point- 
ed out many years ago that one of 
the most routinized operations in tile 
world is tliat of tiie skilled surgeon 
who, witii tile life of tiie patient often 
at stake, iias to find tiie best method 
of performance and reduce it so def- 
initely to routine and second nature 
tiiat iiis mind is released for creative 
study and imjirovcment of his task^ 
and for the meeting of emergencies. 

Many people are iiappiest in the 
security of work which is essentially 
routine. It is foolish to speak of the 
joy of creative work as an essential 
eienient In the Iiap|)iness of the aver- 
.ige However, so far as 
motion study introduces a change into 
the humdrum of work-a-day life, tiie 
direction of tliis I'li.angc seems to be 
all tciw.ird not only greater ))rodue- 
ti\ity but gre.itir competence and 
self .isMir.ince. 



(From page 22) 

Instriiitioii in Anliitcitiin inn 
tiiiiKs at tli<- Art Iiistitiitf. unilrr tli<- 
.•idiiiinistratinn ot Ai-riKnir Ccillii;.- nt 
Arntdur Collfpc al l'.ii<iiin-,r'ni<i: 

Kiinillmcnts in Arnmnr ( 'ollim-. in 
s|)it(' of iniTiasfd carr in stlictidii 
of candidati-s for admission, nailu-d 
till- all-tinu- hiiih of 1 .-friO stud.nts in 
tin- four year course, .uid .alioiit K>lt 
in till- ('o-o))irativi- Ciuirsc in Mi 
i-lianiial l-'nijiniirinL!:. niakinii a total 
of ITtill. Of tliiM-. f-'J wiri- iiiw 
stndi nts. :!?.") mi re fnslnniii. and 1-7 
win- trall^fl•r stndrnts witli advanced 
standini; from accriditcd collt<;i's. 
Tlicrr is a sulistantial imri-.isi- in iii- 
roUmcnts in .Vrrliitiiturc and ('i\il 
Knirini-criiiir. In tin- tlini- npptr 
classes, l)ut not conntid a-- ni« stn- 
dents, are more than half of the en- 
ffincerinii students formerly takinii 
dav eourses at Lewis Institute. .\ lili- 
eral jioliev has been followed in in- 
teiiratiuir these men into the student 
body, .and ))rovision made by the 
Board of Trustees whereliy most of 
them reeei\ed |),irtial sehol.irships. 
lookin:;- to the adjustment of tuition 
ehaiiiiis. for the I'urrent academic to corresliond approximately 
witii former tuition rates at Lewis. 
There is every present indication that 
these men are adapting themselves 
sideiididly to their new environment. 
It is exi)ected that about twenty for- 
mer Lewis euirini'irs will be gradu- 
ated in .tune. 1!>H with the first 
iCniduatinLC class of the Illinois Insti- 
tute of Teehnoloi:y. 

Members of the faculty of the for- 
mer Lewis Institute now tiaehinsT cn- 
frineerinu' students in the d.ay classes 
on the .\rmour Collette campus in- 
clude Louis .L ILaira in Metalluriry : 
Frank 11. Wade .and Kverett C. in Mecli.iiues; I'.iul (i. .\n- 
dres .and I.i Hoy T. .\ndirson in 
I'hysies and Kleetrical Kn-ineerinir : 
.L ."^. Koz.aeka in .Mechanical Kniji- 
iieerini;: (iilbert Halverson in Phys- 
ics; .Mill.ird P. Hinyon in I.aiiiiu.iirc 
and Literature: M rs. Marie \V. .Speii 
cer in Kconomics: .and .lohn V . M'.air- 
ncr in Mathematics. 
Lewis hislitiilf nf Arts (iiul Scii'uccs : 

The enrollment at Lewis Institute 
of .\rts .and .Sciences in the D.iv 
.School is over tSO, which represents 
a slifiht increase of the purely .\rts 
and .Seiencc students over last vear. 
In .iddition to this, tlure .are .")" 
freshinin pursuini; courses .at Lewis 
in Ihi curriculum of .Vrmonr ('nllei;e. 

Menilu rs of the f.acultv of the for- 

1111 r \r iir Institute of Technoloicy 

now teaehini; classes at Lewis Insti- 
tute include H. H. Freud and Melvin 
L. .Scliidtz in Chemistry: .Lames S. 
riiom))son in Physics: .John W. Cal- 
kin in .M.atheniatics : Walter Hen- 
dricks .and .Sanford 1?. Meeeh in Kng 
lisli: .lohn 1). I.arkin in Political 
.Science: (irant N. .Stiiiirer in Physical 
Kducation and tiym work for men: 
(). (iordon Krickson in Music: and 
1). C. Lincoln and .VIvin Turley in 
( 111 niistry ,as irradu.atc assistants. 

.\t .1 student .assemblv under the 
.ihle leadership of .lohn .1. Seliom- 
nier. opportunities wire presented to 
the Lewis students to participate in 
various extra-curricular activities al- 
ready oriianized and under way at 
the .\rmour CollcKc. As a result, a 
number of students are already mak- 
inu' pl.ans to t.ake ]).art in some of 
these ;icti\ ities. The min-rlins of the 
students of .\rtnour and Lewis in such 
a manner cannot help beintj construc- 
tive .and satisfvins;. 
F.nninq Dmsion : 

The program of the I'.xenini; I)i\i 
sion, integrated, and operating on the 
two campuses, has an indicated en 
rollment of about ■■57-56 — 2218 on the 
South .Side, and 1.508 on the West 
.Side. It was necessary to close regis- 
tr.ations in a number of classes be- 
cause of insutficient f.aeilities to take 
care of .all apiilic.ints. 
(iradualf l)h-'is'u>ii : 

.Vfter .a successful S\nnmer (ir.adu- 
.atc Institute, operated in three terms 
of four weeks each from mid-,hine to 
niid-.Septeinber, .and staffed by dis- 
tinguished scholars from other camp- 
uses as well as our own, the (iradu 
ate Division shows increased enroll- 
ments in both d.ay and evening 
classes. Out of a total of MyX. 7"() 
arc in day classes, the being 
employed engineers and scientists, 
t.iking p.irt-tiine programs in the eve- 
ning. The great ni.ajority .arc candi 
d.ates for higher degrees.' 

It is the conviction of all concerned 
that the process of integr.ating the 
two schools, both having been inde- 
))endent for nearly fifty yi.ars, having 
developed ditl'crent ))at- 
terns. .and located on campuses sep- 
.ar.ated by several miles of city 
streets, is proceeding with .an orderly 
ert'eetiveness beyond ordinarilv 
could be expected, a result .arising 
from .1 iicrv.ading spirit of cooperation 
.and of enthusi.ism for the new |)ro 





(From page 28) 

their felt tents, and tamed their herds 
of horses. It was these isolated and 
w.mdering dwellers of high Asia, with 
the h.ard skin, s(|uinting eyes, and 
bowed legs of ])er])etual riders, and 
with their lives as well as their bodies 
sh.ipiil by the wiiui and the earth of 
the steppes, who swarmed ceaselessly 
.ig.iinst the w.alls both of occidental 
.mil civiliz.ations. For most of 
our history, it was the steppe-country produced the invader; tlience 
rode the Medes. the Aryans, the 
.Seythi.ans. the Huns, the Bulgars. the 
.\vars. .and the Magyars — indeed, 
nearly .ill the hostile peoples who 
shook the kaleidoscope perpetually 
into sudden and startling ])atterns; 
.and if Home fell before Teutonic and 
(iothie attackers, it was only because 
these in turn were pressed by the 
fiercer hordes from the north. 

Mr. Lamb's narrative puts vividly 
— .it times even magnificently — before 
us that amazing motion of barbarous 
|)eopIes ; the horseback Emperors, the 
people of the felt tents, the dwellers 
in all the Russias, the savage steppe- 
country itself, all become strangely 
familiar and real; Genghis-Khan, 
Ogadai Khan, Tsar Batu, Kubilai 
Khan, Tamerlane, and Peter the 
Builder seem to emerge from leg- 
endary darkness and become part of 
the actual world, an intelligible tissue 
of man's history. I recommend this 
book enthusiastically ; even the most 
naive reader ought to find pleasure 
and profit in it. 

The second book I should like to 
i-all to vour attention is the new EN- 
TORY (Houghton Mifflin, .*->..50). 
edited by L. Langer. with the 
eoll.ibor.ition of some fifteen dis 
tinguished historians. This volume 
l)rimarily ,a reference book, stands of 
course at the opposite extreme from 
the books of Harold Lamb; you li.avi 
here history stripped to the bone. 
s.iiis the .irguments, and insofar as it 
is |ir,ictic.illy jiossiblc, the hypotheses 
of The work is advcrtisei 
.IS a rex ision of Ploetz' famous /•.'/<; 
ttnni- of I'liiiirsal Histari/, and w.r 
originally undertaken as such: but ii 
point of fact it owes little if anything 
in that direction. While one must 
gr.ant the editor's claim that the 
rowiuss and Teutonic bias of Ploetz 
li.ivc been avoided in this work, < 
m.iy nevertheless regret the omission 
by tile present editor of countless dc- 
t.iils which made the Epitome so ex- 


seediiiifly valuable; indeed, 'in most 
respects of thoroughness, clarity, and 
fichness of historical information, the 
alder volume is the superior. Nonethe- 
less, the Kncijclopedia is a very useful 
ind resjiei'tahK- hook; and I am sure 
that you will find it an indispensable 
companion to your <laily newspaper. 
Elder Olson. 

In the jjast fifteen years, with an 
increase of only four percent in piston 
iisplaeement, there has been an in- 
crease of ninety-one percent in brake 
liorsepower of the automobile engine. 
Likewise in that same period the use- 
ful mileage life of the automobile has 
increased by 175 percent. The major 
portion of the useful mileage increase 
lias occurred during the past six 

If those engineers responsible for 
the advance in tlie autcnnobile ,ind 
iviation industry were asked to list 
the first three or four things that are 
largely resjionsible for the outstand- 
ing strides that have been made in 
these industries in the past few years 
I am sure all of them would include 

one thing th/it has bren known for 
many years, but which has not been 
maile use of on any broad scale until 
about six years .ago. I refer to "super- 
finish" and the Director of Production 
Keseareh of the Chrysler Division of 
the C'hrysbr Corporation. Mr. Ar- 
thur M. .Swigert, Jr., in his new 
book. Till-: Story of Supkrfixisii. 
gives a technical description in per- 
fectly understandable language of this 
development that started with civili- 
zation and culminated in one of tiie 
most important factors in a great 
many of our modern industries. l)ar- 
tieularly that of the .automobile and 

Mr. Swigert develojjs his subject in 
a style that will make this book of 
great interest to the student of engi- 
neering. He incorporates sufficient de- 
tail to make the book of value to men 
engaged in production or in charge of 
production methods. A very clear 
picture is given of the five primary 
methods of finishing metal surfaces: 
turning, grinding, honing, lapping, 
and sn])erfinish, not only from the 

standpoint of producing them but in 
connection with their relative useful- 
ness in the modern machine. 

Because of the importance of finisli 
in ])roblenis of lubrication, Mr. Swi- 
gert ineor])orates a most enlightening 
chapter on lubrication .and its relation 
to surface finish. 

Metallurgy eonus in for consider- 
,il)le discussion in connection with the 
j)art it ])lays in making possible the 
])roducti(ni of sui)erfinisli as well as 
in its usefulness. 

.Mr. .Swigert's book is a timely 
presentation of one of the most im- 
[jortant aids that man has found in 
aj)))roaeliing the solution of the prob- 
lem that he has set for himself, 
namely the development of the per- 
fect machine. 

This compilation of techniques em- 
ployed in the development and pro- 
duction control of Superfinish will 
lie of great \-.alue to the industrial 
research in the solution of many 
problems outside of the field of sujier- 

Thos. C. Poulter. 







• is deep mined from both 5th and 6th 
veins in the high quahty southern 
Illinois field — and from 6th vein, cen- 
tral Illinois district — 

• refined of impurities and ultra fines — 

• in 7-step Superior Processmg plants 
which represent nearly two million 
dollars invested in modern refining 

• under continuous laboratory check- 
tests at each mine, of every car of coal 






. . . and you will find, if you are a discriminating 
engineer or industrialist, that your plant, equipment, 
product and employees are protected by ECONOMY 
or TAMRES FUSES — a refinement in safety pro- 
duced by over a Quarter Century of Dependable Service. 

Economy Fuse and Manufacturing Company 

General Offices— Green view at Diversey Parkway 









The Undergraduate Curriculum provides tor a tour year program of day study leading 

to the degree oi Bachelor ot Science in chemical, civil, electrical, mechanical and fire 
protection engineering in chemistry, physics and mathematics, and in architecture, 
The Graduate School, recently enlarged as to scope and facilities, provides opportunity 
for graduate students to obtain further specialized training in engineering and science 
and to pursue work for the Masters and Doctors degrees. The Cooperative Program, 
as a supplement to the regular undergraduate instruction in mechanical engineering 
provides an opportunity for students of limited financial means to complete, under the 
five year Cooperative course, the regular four year mechanical engineering program- 
Evening Sessions. Many of the subjects taught during the day ore offered in evening 
classes It is also possible to complete by evening study the work for the degree of 
Bachelor of Science in civil, chemical, electrical and mechanical engineering. Special 
courses are offered for students and men in industry not interested in degrees; and it 
is possible, in many cases, to complete graduate work for the Master's degree by 
evening study. 


The curriculum provides for study leading to the Bachelor of Science degree in the 
arts and sciences with majors in biology, business administration, chemistry, education, 
English, history, home economics, mathematics, physics, political science, psychology 
and sociology. The courses in Home Economics meet the needs of four groups of stu- 
dents: Those who wish to study the arts and sciences fundamental to the management 
ot the home; those who wish to become teachers; those who wish to prepare them- 
selves for vocations other than teaching; those who may wish to include in general 
college work courses having to do with the home and its relation to the community 
In the department of Business and Economics, instruction is given in accounting, audit- 
ing, money and banking, production management marketing, advertising, business 
law, statistics, and taxation. Pre-Professional Courses receive special attention. Courses 
in Education amply meet the requirements for an Illinois high-school teacher's certifi- 
cate Evening Sessions. Evening instruction in the arts and sciences, including pre- 
professional courses, special courses for teachers and courses of general interest are 
offered on the Lewis campus. It is possible to complete, by evening study, work for 
the degree of Bachelor of Science in the arts and sciences, business administration 
and home economics. In general, a varied program oi engineering subjects for degree 
and sequence work is also available on the Lewis campus. 


A professional service to industry for experimental engineering, research and develop- 

K>R III i.i.tTiss Oh I in: issriri ri:. ti)ni<Es>t 

iieiur-.i] liifiiriliulioll 
Evi-niii); Sf->iiiii> 
r,r;i(h]:ilr Cmir-f- 

Tin: Ki:(,isi K ii{ 

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:t:in2 Fed.-ral Slr.-.'l 
Chirat-o. IlliMui. 





HEN you receive your diploma and 
enter upon your career as a mechanical engineer 
you will find a sound knowledge of bearing design 
and application one of your most valuable assets. 

Wherever wheels and shafts turn, every piece of 
mechanical equipment has its own bearing re- 
quirements. It will be part of your job to analyze 
these requirements and prescribe bearings to 
meet them. 

It is particularly important that you have a thor- 
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This bearing has been developed to an extremely 
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SMOKfl^^ ^^^ 




loday, mf)r(> than over, [hm»ji1c arc lakinp; to Choslerfirld 
because CheslerfieM concentrates on the important things in 
smoking. Yon smoke Chesterheltls and find them cool and 
pleasant. Yon light one after another, and they really taste bet- 
ter. Yon bny pack after pack, and (ind them definitely milder. 

For complete smoking satisfaction 

you can't buy a better cigarette 


Copyright I'll', l.icorn & Myers Tobacco Co. 







Tl I II slmiilificalion of |>r<>ilii('li<>n jirocessfs in an' used aro auloiiioliilr lli(^. riibhcr poods of 

which chcinicals arc used is a mailer lo wliicli c\cr\ d(>cri|ili(iii. |iriiiliii;; ink-. |iainls. |ia|icr. oil, 

more anil more manwraclurers arc giving their pla^lio. eo>niclii>-. le\lilo. Irallur anil others, 

allcntiori. Sim|>lilication ihroiigh hctlcr and more The ini |>ro\ cnicn ts made in W iteo |iro(liu'tS 

edieieni i(|ui|imeril i> one \\a\. hut an cqiialK lliniii^h roearch i^ heinp rellcilcii in an increasing 

im|)ortant ua\ i> lliroui;li llic ini|iro\ cmeni and niimhcr ol licl(l>. II \ on arc >cckirip liclter anil 

ada|italion orelieiiiieaU tiiemscKo li> the cliaii; 
inp needs ol the da\ . 

W ileoV neu rcMarch iahoralorv. eiiiil|.|,ed »ilh products and lesl tli 

tile most modern lacililic- and designed lor work 
on main t\|ii> ol malciiaU. i> helping mannlai- 
turers acliicM- greater sim|dieit\ in their methods. 
I'articularK in ihc lield ol elicmieals. pigments, 
oils, asphalts and allied maleriai> is this lahora- 
tor\ aclise. Among the piodiicis in Miiieli these 

more iiidi\ idiKili/ed si'r\ ice lor materials in this 
line we iiiNilc \ on tn scciii<- samples ol \\ iteo 
III III \ .Mil processes. 

n,l^,r- »li.. »....! .1. I...l.'.l. r.i.' ill- 

f..r I...M on .1...... r...l.,.|. »{ll 

In.. I ..III. I... f..... |.r.-..'..l.'.l 

...... .-.K ... ii... w 1 1< o I'KoDi crs 

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Clevelond, 614 Si. Clo.r A.enue, N. E. 
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.,-vc -, ,1 ..g • W.ico Affiliotes. Witco Oil & 
P^> omoonv • The Pioneer Asoholt Co. 

1. n'.,,„dle Co.bon Compony • Ha. old 
.\. .1 I, & Wilco Ltd.. Keyslgn House, 429 
O.lo.d Slieet. london. W. I. England. 


6'B(/amf>us /\/ews 


IN ordinary chemical analysis, uhcre iiuitcrnal is plentihil, 
the work is done on a scale most suitable for obtainint; rhc 
results sought. Samples are relatively abundant; they ma\ be 
used prodigally. 

Not always, however, is the material tor test so plentiful. The 
General Electric Research Laboratory at Schenectady, N. Y., 
handles the exceptions with its facilities tor"microchemistrv," 
in « hich the amount ot test material available controls both 
the scale ot operations and the strategy ot attack. Micro- 
analyst Charles \ an Brunt, Harvaril, '92, ot the laborat(ir\ 
stafF is prepared to test material whose limit in smallness is 
set only by the refinements ot manipulation attainable under 
the microscope with the aid ot a "micromanipulator." 

Seldom does \ an Brunt attempt to identity or classify ma- 
terials in solution volumes less than a cubic millimeter (about 
the size ot a pinhead). But to analyze an ordinary drop, as 
delivered trom a medicine dropper, is comparatively coarse 
work tor him -near the upper hmit ot the rrue microchemica 



HE "late" Baron Munchausen was accredited (by 
self) with incredible teats among which was treezin 
t a bell. Recently, however, Cjeneral Electric Rest. 

I the 

Laboratory scientists at Schenectady, N. V., outdid the Baron 
by freezing light. 

In producing this frozen light, G-E scientists submerged 
fluorescent plates in a large thermos bottle of liquid air 
uith a temperature of 320 degrees below zero. The bottle 
and the plates were then bombarded by x-rays, exciting the 
atoms of fluorescent material on the plates literally freezing 
them stiff. When the plates were removed and allowed to 
warm up, they glowed with all the colors of the rainbow. 

-A "bottle" of frozen light was sent to East (Jrange, N. J., 
where it was unveiled in connection with the ceremonies 
marking the premiere ot the motion picture, " Edison, The 


R-ATS and moisture seem to be the two chief enemies of 
radio sets in the tropics. .\ letter trom the Belgian Congo 
testifies to the rats; the evidence for the humidity is already 
ample. Except tor reconuuending traps, there is little the 
(ieneral Electric Company can do about the rats, but the 
study ot humidity is right up its alley since G-E engineers at 
Bridgeport, Conn., have built a humidity chamber capable ot 
reproducing the weather conditions of the tropics. 

Lamps under water tanks pro\ide humiditx l>> vaporization, 
ami generate enough heat to maintain a temperature of about 
100 F. Humidity and temperature are controlled by time 
clocks outside the sealed chamber, while uniform weather 
conditions are nuiintained within the chamber by circulating 

Radio receivers placed in this room are continuously sub- 
jected to conditions far more severe than those ot the tropics 
until failures occur in the sets. In this way, young engineering 
college graduates enrolled in the G-E Test Course gather 
ilata which contribute to the improvement ot radio, not only 
in the tropics, but everyw here that radios are used. 




Illinois Institute, 

Instructor in Mathematics at 

BARNETT F. DODGE, author of numerous scien- 
tific papers and books, received in 1917 the S.B. 
from Massachusetts Institute of Technology: the 
Sc. D. from Harvard in 1925. From 1917 to 1922 
he served Industry as a chemical engineer, first 
with E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., and later 
with the Lewis Recovery Corporation. Lecturer m 
chemical engineering at Harvard during 1921-25. 
lie joined this department at Yale in 1925. Since 
1931, he has been chairman of the department. In 
addition to his duties at Harvard and Yale, Pro- 
■^essor Dodge lectured during 1922-25 at Wor- 
cester Polytechnic Institute, and In 1925 served as 
chemical engineer at the fixed nitrogen research 
laboratory of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. 
During 1940, he was visiting professor of Chemical 
Engineering Thermodynamics at the Summer 
Graduate Institute of Illinois Institute of Technology. 

LUDWIG HILBERSEIMER was born In Karlsruhe, 
Germany, and studied at the Institute of technol- 
ogy of that city. Having later established himself 
in Berlin as an architect. Professor Hllberselmer 
wrote extensively on the subject of modern archi- 
tecture, in 1928 he was appointed Professor of 
City Planning at the Bauhaus in Dessau, where he 
founded the department. Since 1938 he has held 
the position of Professor of City Planning at the 
School of Architecture of Illinois Institute of Tech- 
nology. The works of Professor Hllberselmer in- 
clude Internationale Neue Baultunst, Grosstadt 
Architekur, Beton als Gestaiter, and Hallenbauten, 
the last a treatise written for Das Handbuch der 
Architekur. In a work recently completed, he has 
further extended his ideas regarding city planning. 

ELDER OLSON is Assistant Professor of English at 
Illinois Institute. 

degree of Doctor of Medicine from the Stanford 

School of Medicine in 1918. The year following he 
became chief surgeon of the Pacific Coast Ship- 
building Company, and in 1920 was commissioned 
assistant surgeon In the United States Public Health 
Service at San Francisco. Following two years ot 
study, he received from Harvard in 1924 the de- 
gree of Doctor of Public Health. In 1928 Dr. Sap- 
plngton came to Chicago as Director of the Divi- 
sion of Industrial Health of the National Safety 
Council, which supplies an advisory service to 
American industry on problems of health ana 
safety. Two years later he was chosen as a dele- 
gate to the International Hygiene Congress at 
Dresden. In 1932 Dr. Sapplngton opened his pres- 
ent office in Chicago as a consulting industrial 
hyglenist, and since that time has served In fifteen 
states as consultant to many large, medium, and 
small companies. In addition, he has been con- 
sultant to a number of insurance companies, ana 
is Editor-in-Chief of Industrial Medicine. His volu- 
minous contributions to the literature of Industrial 
medicine and hygiene number more than two hun- 
dred reports, articles, monographs, and books. O^ 
the last, the Medicolegal Phases of Occupational 
Diseases, was given the Williann S. Knudsen Award 

by the American Association of Industrial Physi- 
cians and Surgeons, for having made the most 
outstanding contribution to Industrial medicine 


ARTHUR WILLIAM SEAR joined the faculty of 
Illinois Institute of Technology In 1925. His Inter- 
est In radio began with a course In radio com- 
munication from Professor G. M. Wilcox, outstand- 
ing pioneer In this field. At the conclusion of the 
course, Professor Wilcox requested Mr. Sear to 
assist him In his research and consulting work. Upon 
Professor Wilcox's retirement In 1933, the radio 
engineering work was transferred to the Electrical 
Engineering Department, and Mr. Sear placed in 
charge. Since that time the energy of Professor 
Sear and his close association with radio engineers 
have kept Instruction and laboratory work at Illinois 
Institute fully abreast of all developments In the 
field of radio communication. 




1940 NUMBER 2 


THE ELEMENTS OF CITY PLANNING, By Ludwig K. Hilberseimer 4 



INDUSTRIAL HEALTH, By C. O. Sappmgton 18 




THE BOOKSHELF, By Elder Olson and John De Clcco 28 


PLACEMENT NEWS, By John J. Schommer 31 



FROM YEAR TO YEAR, By A. H. Jens, '3 1 34 

J. B. FINNEGAN, EdHor-in-Chief GRANT McCOLLEY, Associate Editor 

A. H. JENS, Alumni Editor MARIAN F. PAGE, Business Manager 

Student Editors Student Assistants, Business Staff 

E. C. Niezgodski G. W. S+aats E. J. Colant W. J. Ores M. L. Fitch 

R. J. Sullivan R. H. TalcoH B. E. Flood J. W. Harnach R. E. Kubltz 

R. H. Dundas Blake Hooper G. R. Mahn L. E. OrsI Chas. Rowbotham 

Published in October, December, March, and May. Subscription rate $1.50 per year. Editorial and Business Office, Armour College of 
Engineering of Illinois Institute of Technology. 3300 Federal Street. Chicago. Illinois. 


The City in the Landscape 




Tlinr iii.iiii I'.irtdi-s li.iM cdii- art.ristir iii(i\ ciiuiit tciwanl the cni- tlir rdiniiiiiiiic-.iliiui l.iiio at tin licart 

triluitrd t(i thr r.iiiiil iirnwth of tcv, o{ tin lity nsultcd in a ilisa^t roiii 

cities ill till- last (iiiturv ami liavr As tlicsc towns ixrrw. sonirt iiiics lilocl<iii,u' of traffic tlicrc, wliil.- at tin 

hroiiiilit alioiit till |ii-( sent coiincstioii to cities of x ast si/e, tliey eoiitiiiiied same time tile outskirts of the citj 

of ])o|)ulatioii : fn edoin to mijirate. to dcM-loi) aloiii: tliis same svsteiii sufl'ered from a sliortaiie of ]iiilili( 

tlu' divclopmcnt of industry, and tlie «{ eeiitralizatioii. W'liile this was eoineyaneis. Tiii.s conciition is 

inere.'is<-d facilities of communicatiini. tliorouiilily satisfaitovy for small dent from a traffic diauram of I, on 

Hut no rcLiulatini;- |iriiici|)le, no prin- towns, it lias pro\cd e(|ually as in- don. 'I'liere wi- can readily 

eiple of order adtapiatc to control adeipiati- for tlie lari;-e cities of our liow sucli a system of ciiitraliza 

these activities could he formed. 'I'lic .me. 'I'lie <()Ui;(st ion of iiopniation tion is at oil<is with modern mc 

(■onsc(|ueiU'c has hecn forces hrouuht .ihout prohlcms such chanical means of conmuinication. 

oriijin.illy constructix <■ soon Ik came cities wire iin.ahlc to meet. The in- The final hlow to centralized cit; 

ilestructivc forces. <'re.-iscd dem.-iiid for liousiiin nut |il;niiiiiin ciiiie from the aiitomoliilt 

.Most of our citii's ar<- an out- hv .a sp.-iw iiiiiii' ol' unw holesomi Ic iii This wliii-h seemed so iiiiim 

jirowth of a ccutralizcd system which ments with iiisullicic nt liiiht .and .lir. in its early days, has lirouiih 

developed oriranically out of the <on- L.irne f.ictoric s. luiilt with no re .ihout a complete revolution. Mi 

ditiims n.atiiral to .a citv of pedes i;;ir(l for tlu iii.irhy resident dis of coini y.ance di-pendent ini r.ail- 

tri.ins. The, ailmiiiistr.itive tricts. soon iiilcctcd these with their heeause of llitir i-ost. .alw.ay 

.and hiisim ss center .ilw.avs lo smoke .and fumes. This seriously e\ hecn limilial to .1 few lin.s. In <-on 

catcd .at the heart of such towns .au'iivr.atcd 111,' already in.ailiapiate tr;ist with tlii.. file .iiitomoluh 

within easy reach from tlu outskirts. s.anitary conditions. rcstrictid to no dellnite In .a. 

.Means of commnnic.ation for li.ind The steadily incrcisinii city tr.if dition. its speid further (omi)li 

liiiiT crowds wire unni cess.iry . This lie reipiircd for the trans|)ortatiiin catcd the prohlem with the nnmbe 

held true whether these towns wen- of the jiopulation soon m.ade ohvious of tr.afhc .iceidents we sec increasin, 

of the so cilled ori;.iiiic type such the incflicicncy of the e\istii|M- city from d.ay to li.ay in our cities, 

.as .Not rdlini'en. or whetiier liny .irr.ini;cment. .Ml me.iiis of tr.iiis 1 

were geometric in their Layout like port.ition led to :i siniile point, the Concurrently with the centr.ali/e 

I'riine: there .alw.ivs .1 cil\ center. The confluence of .all cit\ .1 new of iiri;,iniz;i 

Noerdlingen — Typical Organic City 

Priene — Typical Geometric City 

ion lias been evolvino' during the 
ast few decades. This plan, much 
letter adapted to our present-day 
lemands, is the system of ribbon de- 
felo])ment. As the origins of the 
entralized system can be traced to 
m old form of .settlement — the eir- 
■ular vilLiiie which grew out of a 
leed for defense — so the "ribbon 
levelopment" also has had a fore- 
unner in the simple village built 
dong both sides of a street. 

In its present form the develop- 
Qent of thi.s ribbon s^'stem of town 
)lanning can be traced to the Span- 
sh writer. Soria y Mata (La Cludad 
'/ni,-al, .Madrid. ioSl). In 1882. he 
;Uggested the idea that the city 
hould be built along a main artery 
'f communication. This, he claimed, 
rould be the city of the future, the 
nds of which might be Cadiz and 
it. Petersburg, or Peking and Brus- 
els. "If you lay railroad and street 
lines, gas. water and electric 
pains along one j)rincipal channel. 
nd i)lace at fixed intervals some 
mall buildings intended for various 
)cal administration offices, all the 

jiroblenis created by the concentra- 
tion of population in the central type 
city will be immediately solved. The 
expansion of sucii a city would be 
very simple. At any point along the 
line where it is neeessarv or topo- 
grai)hieal]y possible, a new town 
could be started at an angle to the 
main line like the branch of a tree." 
The scheme of Soria y Mata was 
originally intended to connect two 
densely ])0|)ulated cities. On Imtlj 
sides of this main channel residen- 
tial zones were to be located in the 
adjoining country. "The character 
of infinity, tyjiical of the ribbon 
town whicii c;in be elongated on two 
sides while it i^ limited on the other 
two sides, ni.ikes it an ideal form 
for civilization and culture." 

To eom|)are the central type city 
with the ribbon type on the basis of 
suitability and economic expediency, 
it would be necessary to take two 
ideal areas of equal size and sim- 
ilar communication problems. One 
such ideal area was taken bv Tud- 
wig .Sierks and worked out on the 
basis of the centric svstem. Peter 

I'riedrich took .Sierks' proposal as a 
basis for a comparative solution by 
ribbon development. He adopted an 
ideal area of the same size and 
character as .Sierks had proposed. In 
the centric of .Sierks there were 
thirty-six terminals from which two 
trains left every hour, that is. sev- 
entv-two trains for the whole system. 
In tile ribbon |)lan of Friedrich 
thire were only twelve terminals. 
From eaeii of these, six trains were 
able to leave every hour. Tile 
number of trains was therefore the 
same, seventy-two trains for each 
system. However, in the centric 

system, trains left only e\iry half 
hour, whereas in tlie ribbon system 
they left every ten minutes. The a\- 
er;ige dist.nices between center ;ind 
terminal in the first system was .3..) 
miles. In the second system the dis- 
tances were, however, t mile. I'iie 
running time therefore had to in- 
crease accordingly. Hut this 
made up for in the rilibon system 
by the shorter waiting time, due to 
till, fact th.-it ill this svstem thrci 
times ;is maiiv trains were runniiiir 

Circular Village 


Soria y Mata: LA CIUDAD LINEAL— 1882 

Left: Ludwig Sierks 
Centralized Traffic Sys- 

Below: Peter Friedrich 
Traffic System in Rib- 
bon Development 


I I I I I I I 

I If I 

I I I I I I 

I I I I I I ■ 

I I Ti I I I I 

.i-. wrrr ninnliin- ill tin- cfiitric nv 
ti 111. In till- i.ittir system tlie nun 
lirr i>f tr;iins would naturally ii 
cri.iM tiiward the center, due to th 
(i\<rl.i|)|)iii!i- of the various zones c 
iiiHuiiiec as the eenter is reaeheil 
in till- rihlxiii system, on the eor 
trar\. the iiuinlier of trains rcmait 
ill all parts the same except on th 
lentir line wiiere all trains nice 
The aeeessihility to means of con 
muiiieation is practically cqu; 
throimhout tiie whole area. The sii| 
periority of the rihhon developmep 
as far as transportation is eoiieerne( 
is evident. 

The question arises whether tram 
))ortatioii should he regarded as tJl' 
main prohlem of city planninji. c 
whether it mijiht not be possible t 
eliminate mech.mized local transpO! 
t.ition altogether through tlu' estal 
lishment of a rational relationshi 
hetwien tile various elements const 
tilting an urban settlement, .hist £ 
medicine in its recognition of tb 
dangers of s])ecialization tells i 
that there is no disease, only th 
diseased, there are also special pro! 
lems in city i)laiining. In city plai 
ning it is also of the greatest in 
imrt.inee that sjiecial problems 
be solved individually, but onl; 
relation to tile whole. Onlv then 
tin- c'itv reeo\rr. 


K<sidential sections, industrial diM 
triets. recreation areas, and means c, 
transjmrtation are the basic el< 
ments on wliii'h a structural tow 
must be organized. The funetiom 
adaptation of tiles.' various element 
and their suitalile relationship cor 
stitute the real t.isl^ of <-ity plai 
ning. In m-der to protect tlie res 
dential section from the smoke. s0( 
and fumes of the industrial zone, th 
relationship of these two areas t 
on. another must be determined b 
the prt vailing winds. These wind 
distribut.- the fimu's .nul soot in tli 
lee of the industrial zone, thus dt 
termiiiing what may be called 
"wind siiadow.' The residential zoii 
must b.- entirely outside this "win 
sli.ulow." .Vs the type and distrihi 
lion of the [irevailing winds chang. 
ditVerent forms and locations of th 
residential and industrial zones wit 
relation to on.- another will resul 
How.\ir. tluy must always be s 
placed tliat tlie industrial zone lit 
in the wind sh.idow. while the res 
dential zone is undisturbed bv it. 

The four diagr.ims siiow the infli 
ence of tyjjical. iirevailing wind foi 
mations on the grouping of basic eit 
units and illustrate what great in 
portance wind conditi.nis hold fc 
titv ))lanniiig. H.ferriiig to the dii 
grains we sc : 

□ CD □ 


The Ribbon System and Its Developmenf 
Upper Right Corner: Scheme of Dividing 

When the prevailing' winds blow 
from one direction only, there re- 
sults a simple ribbon form of set- 
tlement in which the industrial 
zone lies in the wind shadow, in 
the lee of the residential zone. 
The distance to the next settle- 
ment ribbon will depend upon the 
area necessary for the absorption 
of the industrial smoke and 
fumes which in turn will vary 
with the type of industry and 
the kind of fuel used. 
When the winds blow in two di- 
rectly opposite directions which 
have wind shadows of equal area 
and shape, the result is also a 
ribbon settlement form. However. 
the two most important elements 
— residential and industrial areas 
— are no longer themselves rib- 
bon-like, but rather become 
squares placed j)oint to point 
with their diagonals forming an 
unbroken straight line. As '>u 
case one, the next settlement rib- 
bon can run parallel at an ade- 
quate distance. 

When the jirevailing winds blow 
from two different directions, and 
one wind shadow dominates tlie 
other, the result is also a rib- 
bon settlement form : only here 
the squares placed point to point 
in case two become triangles 
lying with their apexes opposite 
one another as the form for the 

industrial and residential areas. 
Here again, as in the preceding 
cases, the adjacent settlement rib- 
bon can run parallel. 
1. In the cases cited above the pre- 
vailing winds were so distributed 
on the wind chart that the total 
wind shadow never exceeded half 
of the area of the circle. How- 
ever, should tliis be exceeded, the 
residential and industrial areas 
would form squares lying opposite 
one another, but now parallel 
and directly opposite ribbon-like 
settlements become impossible. A 
wind shadow of such proportions 
permits only a point formed ar- 
rangement of the single settle- 
ments which must be built inde- 
pendently of one another. The 
spacing of these single settlement 
points is, as in the other eases. 
dependent upon the size of the 
absorption area. Only in this 
case the area is not. as in the 
first three, one or two sided, but 
to a certain extent all sided. The 
arrangement of several such set- 
tlements in this case results in a 
ribbon formation, but one where 
this formation is not continuous as 
in the other 
To simplify the ))r(>lil(in of tlu- 
))roi)er relation between industrial 
and residential areas, the simplest 
form, case one, where the prevailing, 
winds blow from but one side, will 

be taken as the basis of further dis- 
cussion, though any other case can 
just as well be taken, since, in prin- 
ciple, the same conditions hold true. 

\\'here the ribbon system is taken 
as a basis, a structure which clearly 
separates the different areas of a set- 
tlement is obtained. If these differ- 
ent elements are laid out schematic- 
ally it is logical that the strip 
dedicated to transportation should be 
situated in the middle. On the lee- 
ward side would be situated the in- 
dustrial zone, bordered on the out- 
side bv an agricultural area. On the 
other side of the transportation strip 
there first would come a green belt, 
followed by the administration and 
business zone: beyond this the resi- 
dential zone. Then this, in its turn, 
would be followed by a park area 
in which ar<- located the community 
buildings and kitchen gardens. The 
park area leads to the agricultural 
area just beyond. This 
area could eornieet with the .igrienl- 
tural are.i of the luxt parallel rib- 
bon settlement. 

The eentr.-il tr.msport.ition lane or 
stri]> woiihl be the .axis of the set- 
tlement. It would be I'onstituteil of 
r.-iilway trai'ks .and the m.ain auto- 
mobile speedway, and perhaps of a 
w.iterway. The ty|)e of trans|iort.i- 
tion facilities varies with the type of 
industries and according to the size 
.and location of the settlement, and 

will dittVr ^rcitlv .■..•.■urclin:: to tlu- 
(•li.-ir.-u-ti-ristics to c-uli sittlt- 
iiuiit. Comlitioiis of iirodtutioii will 
.litVcr .•icroriliiiji' to thr nature .iiul 
size of the itidiistrii^. and will tliirt- 
forc dtvtdop in i-oiiiifction with their 
peculiar requireiiieiits. (lerhaps nio<li- 
fied to some t-xtent liy military and 
d.feiiM- factors. 

Tlie residential area is above all 
de|iendent for its si/.e upon the innn 
IxT of employees needed by the in 
dustries. The basic demand, which 
limits the boundaries of the resi- 
dential zone, is dependent on the 
acccl)table walking distance of the 
j)edcstriaiis. so that each (lerson c.iii 
walk from his home to his ))lacc of 
work. Therefore inner means ot 
transport.ition for persons to and 
from work would be unnccess.ary. 
Oidv in residential zones of a com- 
paratively thin population will it be 
expedient to connect kitchen gardens 
with tile iiouses. Normallv. kitchen 
g.ardens will be located iu a se|)ar;ite 
<)|)en zone, while only :i sm.ill ijar- 
den will be directly connected with 
tile Iiouse. In this way tile lenijth 
of streets and conduits f(n- water. 
p;as, etc. will be kept to a minimum, 
and tile cost of settliuii an area can 
lie reduced t'onsiderably. 

'I'he administr.atiiui and business 
zone will eont.ain all the stati- and 
municipal huildiuii's. all ofJicc huild- 
inus. dci)artnient stores, retail stores, 
liotils ,and garages. Tiie [lark and 
recreation area unites all free areas. 
In it .ire located communitv iniild- 
injis. sciioois and playnrounds. The 
residential zone will he situ.ited 
witiiin tiiese o])en areas and bei-ome 
a of tiieui. Also, the kitchi ii 
siardens will lie situated within 
these o|)en areas. The resulting pro- 
dllctixe green sjiaii' not only in- 
creases the recreation are.a. hilt .also 
consider.alily reduces tlie cost of its 

■i'he width of the agricultural .area 
will dejxnd upon two things; first. 
the o])en space necessary for the 
alisorption of tlie smoke and fumes 
of tile adjoining ribbon. 
This of course will v.irv from one 
instance to another. .'Secondly, it 
will dcjiend upon the popul.ition of 
tii<- s.ttiement which it has to sup|ily. 
Norniaily the .ana loe.itiil between 
two settlements would be sufficient to 
fe.-d the whole popul.ition. In tilt- 
case of densely settled additional 
not ill imnu-diate coniuction with the 
settlement will be necess.irv. 'i'ln 
s.aim- will be true .at points of ( 
.and eoiieeiitr.itioii other 
th.iii in the .ire.i. i'oiiits 
of ecnerntr.ition due to condi- 
tions will h.ive to receive their food 




Wind Diagrams I and 2 

supply from other .agriculture b.isis but also with the safety of tl 

'I'lie ty]ie of industry .and its possi- .area. 

bilities of expansion will determine Tiie zone will be di 

till extent to wliieii expansion of tiic vided into specific units. In tli 

n zone will iie neca-ssarv. sciieme presented here, the an.a ha 

These exp.ansions. iiowiver. sliouid lieeii divided into four units. 

develop in tlii- diriition of tile tr.iiis- unit lias those community institu 

port.ition strip. In this w.ay. .a loLi tioiis which .are meess.ary for .a sinul exp.ansioii can be eoneurreiit ly unit. Two units togc tlur li.a\e tlios 

lu.idi- throughout .ill the .adj.ictut institutiinis which .arc possible mil of .a sitthiiieiil . .\ii e\|i.iiision for two units, while ail four unit 

in depth r.ather along the tr.ans together will liave those (amimunit 

port.ition strip would re- institutions and sir\ iias can bes 

(piire means of tr.iiispor- lie maintained by all four as .a groii| 

t.ation within the units wiiieli wiiulii 'I'he institutimis of tlie business .an 

<anifliet oiilv with the eeonomic .aiiniinistr.ative zonis can be di^ 







\. 1 

r ■ 



Wind Diagrams 3 and 4 

trihutcd in the sauH- «.iv. 'I'lu- risi- 
idity of the schenif will he hrcikeii 
not only hy tilt- division uf the set- 
tlement in units, luit .-ilso hy the 
partieular condition of the soil, for- 
estry, and the like. This makes the 
settlement part of tile landseape and 
creates an organic relation hetween 
the landscape and the citv. 
The determination of the size of 
a unit within the residential area 
will dejiend mainlj- on the total in- 
hahitants. the density of population, 
and the type of huildings. The most 
im])ortant consideration, however, is 

the dejith of these units. It should 
he possihle for every resident to 
walk to .and from his jilaee of work. 
The de[)fli of the nsidential area 
therefore should not exceed more 
than a walkinir period of 1.5 to Jd 
minutes. The necessary limitation of 
traffic within the residential zone 
and the functional organization of 
the street system leads to differen- 
tiation of traffic routes: from the 
residential streets intended oh/v for 
l)edestrians, to m.ain speedways onli/ 
for automohiles. 

\\'e will h.ive. for example, first lanes; secondly, residen- streets into which the residen- 
tial lanes lead; thirdly, residential 
traffic streets into which the resi- 
dential streets lead; and finally, the 
traffic highway fed by the residen- 
tial traffic streets which eventually, 
at convenient junctures, flow into the 
m.ain speedway. In order to pre- 
vent through-traffic in the residen- 
tial zone, it is necessary to create 
dead-ends streets as it was first sug- 
gested by Raymond Lnwin, and la- 
ter hy Henry Wright. In this way 
We t'an insure that only absolutely 
essential traffic, such as delivery cars, 
ambulances and tire engines, will en- 
ter residential zones. The length of 
the residential lanes depends upon 
the equipment of the fire brigades. 
Exj)erience has shown that such 
equipment can be extended from 
17.5-200 feet. Each unit of habita- 
tion is surrounded by park areas in 
which will be located all schools 
.md playgrounds. These areas can 
be reached without crossing a single 
traffic street. Even if collective gar- 
ages are not provided and each house 
has its own garage, the traffic sys- 
tem could be so planned that each 
child could go to school and to the 
playgrounds without crossing a single 
tr.affic street. 

Our pl.-m is based on ,a j)0]iul;ition 
ilensity of 200 persons to one hec- 
tare or two and one-half acres. Such 
a density allows a settlement with 
free-standing one-story houses. If 
an I- shaped plan is used, the liv- 
ing-room and bed-rooms can be laid 
out around a small but well isolated 
garden court. The rooms can be 
given the best possible exposures; 
the living room gets morning and 
afternoon sun, the bedrooms morn- 
ing sun. These one-family houses 
are jilanned for families with chil- 
dren. As the constitution of the 
pojjulatioii will vary, a ditferent type 
of habitation would be better suited 
than the one-family house for fami- 
lies without children, or for unmar- 
ried persons — that is to say, the 
.apartment house. L nlike the one- 


one-family houses 

for family 


these should be 

built high 

and ,■ 

t y:reat interv.ils 

trom e.ach 



1 .a mixed type 

of settle- 

nient .achiexe fr 

■e.ioni and 


V in two ways. 

The one 


houses will h.ivi 

tluir en- 


gardens. whih- 

tile .apart- 

nient houses will have open views 
over the g.arden areas in which they 
.are located. Such a variety of habi- 
tation .allows also for a variety of 
expression, and the different units 
can be spatially diversitied and 
sh.aped with complete freedom. 

r/i,.,,., ., f- 



Basic City Unit 


Jl M 

-LlLyLy uf ui ui m III III Ml I II II 


LI I I m 

-|' ® 


/^^\ Q J- ^^ L_r3 ^ L 


1 1 1 1 '■■ ; ■ 1 1 1 r 






__, :^ ,' .' i_' 

h 1 n ! 11 




4! M 









uy ' 

lllKilllNlil, Vll IIIMlllhi ■■M'""Ii'':Ml ih: 



















' — ; — 














































Basic Cify Unit Details: (a) Without Garages, Public Garages Elsewhere; (b) With Group 
Garages; (c) With individual Garages. (Note the Separate Street System Within for Pedestrians) 


i , 

^ J 




. . 




...., ,, . 

— :, 



.■■., y,.; 

.' ■ 




.^_ - 












B Bi 






HH ^^M 

1^1 ^^H 

^^1 ^^1 


(a) Element of Settlement lor a Population of 125,000 Persons 

(b) Element of Settlement for a Population of 250,000 Persons 
Left half: City Formation Only for Commerce and Administration 

Right half: City Formation for Commerce, Administration and Industry 

'riiriiiit;li its u.-irdriis .■mil the linii- 
t;iticiiis (lict.-itid by jxtltstri.-in trattif. 
such a scttlcnitnt fuMS with the 
landscape, and, in fact, hcconus a 
J)art of it. The city is not only in 
the landscaiic. hut the l.indscape 
conies into the city. The wider in- 
tervals between the few multi-storied 
buildings |)ro(luee a visual sense of 
sji.acc within the city without .-uiv 
ne<'cssary reduction of the (lensit\ 
of the ])o|)ul;itioii. 

('.-III this systim for the ]il.-iuniiiu' 
of small cities be aj)|)lii(i to jireater 
settlements, let us say of several 
hundred thousand inh.ibit.ints, or 
even of some millions of inhabitants r 
C.-in such .-i hnue center of metropoli- 
tan conceiitr.ation be broken up, ])ro- 
vided witii sm.all ii.irdi iis and thus 
be conni-cted with the laiidsca|)e r 
.\bove all. c.ui tin- distance between 
livinj; (piarters .ind working; centers 
be kc|)t within tin- limits set by 
pedestrian traHicr 'I'Ih n. iir.intt-d the 
j)ossibility of such .i di-erntr.-ili/iny- 
schcmi-. will th.- city still h.ild to 
nether oriranic.illy "' 

I'p to now the iiossibility of such 
.•I soluti<m has be.n denied. 15ut .i 
thorough resiareh of this important 
pr,,blem h,-,s shown that the (h- 

centralization of even the lavjicst 
metropolitan .aun'lomer.ations can be 
ert'ected. while simultaneously retain- 
iiii; all the advantaucs which they of- 
fcr. Also, the city can at the same 
time maintain .in organic unity. Hut 
to effect this we must get away from 
the traditional conception of a i-ity. 
and particularly from several of its 
])eculiar limit.ations. The coming city 
will be based on entirely different as- 
sumptions. Dccentr.ilization will t.ake 
the jilaei- of our jiresent concentr.-i- 
tion. The city. ;is a v.-ist ocean of 
boosts, will dis.ii)i) .and residen- zones will be embedded into 
the landscape .and become ;i of 

.\lre.iily the scheme of the 
ribbon development. which allows 
for additional city riiibons, scpar.ited 
by .areas, shows that this 
plan may be adajjted for Larger set- 
tlements. .\ccording to this scheme 
two of the settlement elements c.aii 
b( (It v( loped simultaneously. In or 
der to .arrive .at some simple figures, 
let Us .assume .a jiopuLation of \'l'i. 
000 inh.abit.aiits for one. .and I'.^O.OOO 
for the other of these elements, both 
with .1 densitv of '.'OO persons to two 
■an.i one-h.alf' ..ens. W, sh.all t.ake 
the ilement of l:.'.").000 iiihabit.auts 

,is a normal one. It includes besides 
the zone a business and 
administr.ation zone, an industrial 
zone, .and a trans])ortation strip. 

The other element of ■.'.50,000 in 
h.abitants is intended for city forma 
tions ill which trade and administra 
tion are of predominant importance 

This element is further divided in 
two parts, each showing different 
liossibilitics. The part to the left o 
luir divided ilement shows .an .ar 
r.angenuiit of a city without industry 

Therefori- it is possible to have zones on both sides of 
the tr.ifhe strip, joined by the zones 
of commcria' and administr.ation. The to the right shows .an arran 
nieut of .1 city, also with 
zones on both sides of the tr.iffii 
strip. l?ut on one side the residciitia 
zone is joined by a zone for com 
inercc and .administration, and m 
the other side the residential zone i 
joined by .an zime. Tin 
industrial zone is situ.ated on the snl 
of the wind shadow. 

The (hptlis of the residential zone: 
of both settlemint elements do no 
e\ce<al the limits of pedestrian traf 
lie. .anil iiii-.aiis of hu'.al transiiorta 
tion would therefore not be neces 
s.arv. K.acb resident of .any largi 


city may walk from his home to Iiis 
place of work. Both of these settle- 
ment elements are divided into units. 
each surrounded by ,gardens, parks 
and recreation areas that will con- 
nect them with the landscape. 

Just as these elements will vary 
considerably aecording to their dif- 
ferent functions, so tlie cities, com- 
posed of these elements, will like- 
wise vary greatly. Size, area, the 
particular function — industrial, com- 
mercial, administrativt — the compo- 
sition of the ])oj)ulation, geologic and 
topograpliic factors will determine 
the manifold ])0ssibilities of the com- 
bination. In order to give a con 
Crete idea of the area needed for 
such a dispersed settlement with ,i 
population of four million inhabitants, 
a eonibin.-ition of elements has been 
spread over the area of a tvjiieal 
contemjiorary metrojiolis with the 
same poiiulation and an aria of 200,- 
000 acres. One-seventh of this city 
area is covered with buildings and 
streets at an average jiopulation 
density of .'!()() persons pir two and 
one-half acres. 

As our plan is based on popula- 
tion density of 200 persons per two 
and one-half acres, the area covered 
with buildings to house all iidiabi- 
tants must increase to one-tiftli of 
the whole .•ire.i. In our |>Ian tin- one 
family house forms the b;isis of 
our apjjro.acli. The city. ci)ini)ose 
of our units, wliieh .irt- surrounde 
by parks, becomes a g;irden city. 
Therefore, the higli blocks typical of 
Qiost of our large cities will dis- 
appear. The distance between ele- 
ments with industrial areas, as we 
have said, is dictated by tlie dis- 
tance necessary for the absorjition 
)f smoke and noxious fumes. All 
jther space is left free to tlie judg- 
ment of the planner. However, such 
space should be given to g.ardens 

Combina+lon of Elements for a City of 4,000,000 People 

and greni ,-,reas for the se)),-iration It sliould not he necessary to ex- 

of the v.irious ,l,in(iits from eaeii plain that the suggested combina- 

"""'"• tions of elements constitute neither 

It will be i)ossililt- to cover the definite city plans nor suggestions 

distance from living quarters to toward standardization; rather they 

working center by foot. The various ;ive abstractions, for absolute cities 

elements will In- iMuinected by inter- do not exist. Cities are indi\iduals. 

urban rail and .Mutomobilc routes Their physiognomy dei^ends on the 

which constitute th,- links between character "of the landscape, on their 

1 the elements and tlius ecmneet the inhabitants .and on their funeti 

1 whoh 


For long distance trathe. within tile nation's litV. Therefore, 

railroads and main speedways will 
he |M-ovided. F.xp.insion of the eitv 
in .any diret'tion will be possible bv 
the .-iddition of new elements. If .-inv 
j>erson does not desire to lixe 
his |il,aee of work, he will have the 
possiliility of li\ing somewhere el 

these elements which we have de- 
scribed and their manifold possibili- 
ties of combination are onlv tlieo- In order to find rules, it is 
neeess.ary to set out on an .abstract 
li.-isis. In iil.-inning. these rules 
will, however, .ilw.ivs lie modified bv 

In this case he would have to use the factors of reality, since i-ity 

certain means of transportation, as planning is not .in .abstract task but 

he must today, but under much bet- the fuifillment of needs and the 

ter eonditicnis. re.-.lization of aims. 

Reconstruction of An Industrial City 







Our civilization (iittVrs from all 
tliost- in tlif jjast in its {ii.-))t.-n(li-nce 
upon a large supply of t-nfrjiy from 
inanimate sourci-s. In place of the 
privileged few in ancient civilization 
who had human slaves to do their 
liidding, each one of us today has at 
his disposal the equivalent of many 
slaves in the form of electrical or 
mechanical energv'. Whether we use 
this gift wisely or not is a question 
entirely outside the scope of the pres- 
ent discussion. We shall assume that 
the survival of our present mode of 
life is ahsolutely dependent on a 
ciuitinued flow of energy in suhstan- 
tially undiminished amount. 

This dependence on energy started 
about 1700 with the development of 
the steam engine for mine pumping 
in England, and has risen at an ever 
increasing pace. At the present time 
it is estimated that in the United 
States alone the annual use of en 
ergy is of the order of 2x10"' British 
thermal units or about ten thousand 
billion kilowatt hours. This includes 
not only energy in the form of me- 
chanical or electrical work, but also 
that used for heating and that dis- 
si])ated as heat in converting one 
form of energy to another. Only 
al)out four to five percent of this 
total is \ised to do work. In 19:if). 
the installed eajjacity for developing 
])ower in this country was about 
I,_':J0,0()0.000 horse |)Ower distrib- 
uted a])proximately as follows : 

Motor vehicles of all kinds ... 78.. 5^^ 

Locomotives 7.1 

.Vgricultural prime movers... .5.9 

Klectrie central stations 3.7 

Marine 2A 

Industrial power plants 1.6 

Miscellaneous 0.8 

The actual energy output in the 
form of work w.-is about one hun- 
dred eighty billion kilowatt hours of 
which one-half was supplied by the 
major electric utilities and the other 
half came from motor vehicles. 

To develop all this power we de- 
pend almost entirely upon fuels and 
falling water. In 1930, it is esti- 
mated that forty-three million tons 
of coal, and another eight million 
equivalent in the form of petroleum 
jiroducts and natural gas, were con- 
sumed by our electric central sta- 
tions. In 1936, about twenty billion 
g.-illons of gasoline were consumed 
hv the motor vehii-les of this coun- 
trv. How long can we continue to 
(ir.iw on our known sources of su]) 
ply at this rate, and what other 
sources of energy might be developed 
if these begin to fail? These are 
the two main questions that are to 
be discussed in this p.iper. But be- 
fore we tackle tluiii. let us refresh 
our memories on some of the ehineii 
t.-iry facts about energy. 


We do not find energy stored in a 
form that is immediately available 
for use, and as a result it must be 
transformed. A typical transforma- 

tion chain would be somewhat as 
follows : chemical energy in fuel . . . 
heat energj- in flue gas . . . heat 
energj' in steam . . . mechanical 
energy of rotating turbine wheel 
. , . electrical energy . . . useful 
application . . . heat in the surround- 
ings. If we trace back the begin- 
ning of this chain to find out how 
the chemical energy- got locked up 
in the fuel, we arrive at the sun as 
the idtimate source of all our en- 
ergy. What is the source of the 
apparently inexhaustible supply of 
energj- of the suii is a question that 
we will not enter upon. Whereas 
the chain of transformations outlined 
above occurs within a short time in- 
terval, there is a very large gaj) in ' 
time, many millions of years, in fact, 
between the time when the radiant ' 
energy- left the sun and the time 
when the fuel is taken out of the 
ground and burned under a boiler. 
The chemical energy in fuels has 
been aptly referred to as "fossilized 

The straight-line series indicated in 
the above sequence does not of course 
mean that each form of energj- is 
i-hanged one hundred percent into 
the next form in the series. Ac- 
cordiniT to the law of conservation 
of energv, no energy is ever lost, 
but there may be side streams di- 
verting considerable amounts of en- 
t rgy from the straight-line flow. Eor 
example, in the transformation from 
heat energy to meclianical energv, 
.ibout seventy-five percent of the en- 


ergy is "lost as heat to the surround- 
ings," or in other words the efficiencv 
of the straight-line change is about 
twenty-five percent. The efficiency of 
transforming electrical energy to ra- 
diant energy in the form of light 
(assuming this to be the useful ap- 
plication) is only a few percent, and 
there again the remainder is dissi- 
pated as heat energj- in the sur- 
roundings. In fact, we may say the 
only reason why each one of the 
steps in the chain is not one hun- 
dred percent efficient is that a cer- 
tain amount of the energy- is always 
stored as heat energj- in the sur- 
roundings. This is partly due to 
imperfections in the mechanisms we 
employ, but also it is a consequence 
of a fundamental property of mat- 
ter and energy which may be summed 
up in the statement that" it is im- 
possible to transform heat energj- to 
any other form unless a temperature 
difference is available. As a corol- 
lary to this it may be stated that 
the availability of heat energj', or 
the extent to which it can be trans- 
formed to a form of energy capable 
of doing work (i. e., acting against 
external forces), depends on the tem- 
perature difference. These simple 
facts are the essence of the Second 
Law of Thermodynamics, which, like 
all hard, general principles, is verv 
simple to state but often very dif- 
ficult to recognize in application. 
i The ultimate result of all energy 
transformations is the storage of all 
of the original energj- as heat in the 
surroundings. Since this cannot be 
converted into any other form of 
energy, the transformation chain may 
be said to be irreversible. Even 
though the energy is there undimin- 
ished in amount, it is forever lost to 
JJS as far as any useful application 
is concerned. Its availability is zero; 
[that is, until some future scientist or 
i;ngineer discovers a way of getting 
iroujid the Second Law, or what 
imounts to the same thing, of deal- 
ing with the molecules of substances 
IS individuals instead of dealing 
vith a crowd. 

Another significant fact about en- 
Tgy is that work and heat (which 
re best regarded as energy in the 
)rocess of being transferred from 
me storage system to another) are 
he products of two factors — an in- 
ensity factor and a eajjacity factor, 
[f the intensity factor is high, the 
lapacity factor can be low for a 
pven amount of energy transferred 
ind vice versa. Thus in the trans- 

iaission of electrical energy one can 
eep the quantity of electricity low 
nd thereby save in cost of copper 
or transmission lines iiv using a 
ery high voltage. Tiiis concept is 

particularly useful in considering heat 
energy where the intensity factor is 
the temperature. 

Until 1900 we regarded tiie law of 
the conservation of energy as sacred 
and one of those very rare things in 
nature — a law with absolutely no ex- 
ceptions. Any one who ventured the 
slightest hint that there might be ex- 
ceptions would have been immediately 
ostracized from the society of reput- 
able scientists and engineers. Wc 
now know that, whereas the law does 
hold exactly in all the ordinary con- 
cerns of life, there is one place where 
it is not sacred and that is within the 
atomic nucleus. Recent developments 
in the study of the nuclei of atoms 
indicate that in the future this fact 
may become of paramount importance, 
even in practical affairs. As a matter 
of fact, it has always been of tre- 
mendous importance to man, but he 
did not realize it and could not have 
done anything about it if he had. I 
refer to the fact that the ultimate 
source of all our energy is thought 
to be the conversion into radiant 
energy of the matter of which the sun 
is composed — a clear case of viola- 
tion not only of the law of conserva- 
tion of energy but of the conservation 
of matter as well. 

It is now well established as a eon- 
sequence of the theory of relativity 
that mass and energy-, instead of be- 
ing conserved, are actually intercon- 
vertible, the quantitative relationshi)i 
beino- expressed by the equation: 

E = M C- 
where E ^ energy, M ^ mass and C 
is the velocity of light. Since C is a 
very large number (.3x10^" cm. ])er 
sec), it can be seen that a small 
amount of matter can be transformed 
into a very large amount of energy. 
To be more specific, the destruction of 
one pound of matter would yield a 
little over eleven billion kilowatt hours 
of energy or something better than 
one-tenth of the total energy output of 
central power plants of the L'nited 
States per year. 

THE stor.V(;k, of KNHRGV 

^^"lu•n^•\■er tile supply of energy 
from .-1 given sourci-. en- tile demand 
for energy, is \-.n'i.ili]r or intermit- 
tent, it is desir.-ilih' anil Mimetimes 
essential to l)rovide some means of 
stor.ige. For example, the motor car 
lu'eds iiiergy for st.irting; the sub- 
iii.iriiir uses stored riirrgy when run- 
ning siibiiierged : clcctrie generating 
eomjianies have "off-peak" ])ower avail- 
.ible; steam boilers produce steam 
greatly in excess of the demand at 
lertain times, .and so on. This prob- 
lem of energy stor.-igr is .i \ery im- 
portant one ami one for wliieii we have 
not vet evolved .inv \irv s.itisfactorv 

solution. We have no means of stor- 
ing energy- which even approaches the 
concentration of energy that exists in 
.1 fuel like coal or a petroleum prod- 
uct. In the following table is given 
a rough order-of-magnitude eom])ari- 
son of the concentration of available 
energj' on a volumetric basis : 
Energy Concentration in Watt Hours 

Si/stem. Per cu. ft.* 

Gasoline 9.5,000 

Hydrogen compressed to 

200 atmospheres (5.000 

F'dectric storage battery.... 1.200 

U'ater at 212' F 290 

.Steam accumulator 200 

Water at 100 ft. head 2.. '5 

The use of electrical energy to de- 
compose water under pressure with 
storage of the hydrogen is the only 
{jraetieable means that we have at the 
present time for storage in the form 
of chemical energy in a fuel. This 
method, however, has found very lim- 
ited application. The other storage 
methods, namely, as hot water, as 
water in an elevated reservoir, and 
as chemical energy in a storage bat- 
tery, find considerable application but 
leave much to be desired from tin- 
standpoint of concentration, and for 
that reason are not suitable for stor- 
age of large amounts of enersv. 




The various sourci's from which we 
may derive energy for useful applica- 
tion as heat or work ni;iy be el.-issified 
,-is follows: 

(1) Muscul;ir eiiirgy of iii.iii anil 

(2) Winds 

(.■)) Heat of e.irth's interior 

(I) Temjierature dirt'erenees in the 

(•)) Solar radiation 

(()) Waves and tides 

(7) Falling water 

(cS) Chemical energy of fuels 

(9) Atomic i-iurgy 
We may dismiss ( 1 I from consider- 
.ition because we .are interested only 
in inanimate sources. The next two 
sources c-in be passed over with a 
brief mention, as iiritlirr niu- is im- 
portant .-it the present time or seems 
to offer any great possibility for the 
future. Power from winds is, of 
course, quite extensiveh- employed for 
pumi)ing water in many small units, 
notably on farms and in Holland. 

•Mccli.-inic.ll polcnti.-il cncvBy ilui- to lii-.-itl "f 
u:iter .-ind electrical energy from stor.-ige battery 
were assumed one hundred percent availahU-. 
t'heniical energy in fuels assumed 'j available. 
In case of stored heat, the theoretical availability 
I according to second Iaw> above "0* F. was 
.-issumcd. The figure for the .steam accumulator 
was ba.scd on an actual steam storage and the 
theoretical avail.-ibility. 



Oti Noviiiilxr f!. lilKl, diatli (■.•uiii- 
til Arniour's most rtspcctrd .■ihiinnus. 
Alfr.d S. Alscluil.r. Our ii.itioti.illv 
laincius •■iri'liitrct a urailu.-itr (if 
till' class „{ 1S!I!1. and in \'.n)i was 
awardr,) tlir iHinorarv d.-rrr ,.l 
Master .il Scinicr liy Ariiinur Insti 
tuti. Ill is survived liv Mrs. Al 
seliuler. tlirie sdUs, and twii dauiiliters. 

l''r(iui tile year (if liis tjradiiat i(in 
from the Institute. Mr. .Vlselmler took 
an active part in .ilunini .-itf.iirs. 
Klected \'iee-i'resi(lent (if the .Vlunnii 
As.sociatioii in l!l()(). he served the .as 
.soi'iation as President in lOIO-MHI 
and \i)->(i-l'.)->7. He was a nicmher of 
tlie l^oard of Mana.a;ers diirini; thi 
ye.-irs 1 !) 1 ■_'-] !l I t. and served on the 
Advisory } of the .Minnni .\s 
soeiation sint'e its formation. Other 
ottiees were tliosc of alumni trustee 
on the .Vrniour Institute 15oard. and 
meinh.r of the Hoard of Trustees of 
the reeentlv formed Illinois Institute 
of TeehnoroiiV. 

.Mr. AlseJuder lu his liu^ 
career with \ .\dler in LS!)!'. 
I'roni !!l(»(l to l!10:i he associated 
with Trent \ .\dler. which in 1!H);; 
liec.anie Trent (.*v .VIsehuler. In l!M»7. 



cstalilishcd his own firm. Mr. 
seliuler is known as the first arclii- 
^t in C'hicaji'o to use reinforced con 
etc construction. lie .-nvardcd 
iiiild medal for his plan and design 
the London (lu.irantcc (.S: .\ccid(-nt 

Huilditifi. and rccci\-cd honoralile mei 
tion for his dcsii:n of the I.;ike .MicI 
iiian Huildintr. 

Industrial huildinjis wdlicli he di 
siuned include the Bracli. S( xtoi 
rh(.in|ison. .Mail Order. Dick. Anu r 
e.m Radiator. .Standard .Sanit.-ir\ 
Ku|il>enlieinu r. and I'lorslicim. .Vnioi 
his synagofics arc Sinai Conjjrcjiatioi 
Tcmjilc Israel, and the North .Shor 
ConU'rcjiation. Office Iniildinsis includ 
Westminster, C'unard, Utilities. Ch 
casid .Mercantile Exclianije. Fincl 
ley's. Ilarvcstir. and Cliic.-iijo (iai 
nient Center. 

.Mr. .Mscliuh r served as tru.stee < 
till Illinois Institute of Architects. ; 
inimlur of the .State Board of Arch 
tcctual Kxaniiners. treasurer of tl 
Hadley .School for tile Blind, and ; 
Ijre.sident of tlic North Shore Contrri 
ii'ation. He was a member of Ta 
Beta Pi fraternity, .md the .\ 
tectlir.-il. Standani. and Niirthi 
country elulis. 

In the truest and deepest si 
death not come to .\lfred S. .\ 
seliuler. His cxjimplc. his influcn 
.111(1 his iii.iny contrihutions to civiliz; 
tion st.aiid livini;- tiidav. 

Dm to the highly \.-iri.-ihle nature of therefore, the normal hoilinu- imint of dithculties iii\olveii ill sinkinii' sucl 

winds, the storajic |irolileni stands in water would lie reached at .a depth shaft (amid lie inercomc. 

the w.iy of .any larife scale .apjiliea- of one .and one-ll.ilf miles. Holes liaxc I'liurr fniiii Trm jirral iirr Ditffi 

tion. hut even if this difficulty could heen duj;- in the earth to (Greater ,-iit;-x in the Oiian. Thouiih this seen 

he satisfactorily solved there still depths than this and there is no deli .it first tliouiilit like a rather fantast; 

remains the fact that the em ryy eon nite limit to the depth that may lie scheme, yet it is li.ased on sound tliei 

eeiitr.itiiin is M-ry low in .a niox inir .air reached. In :i few places, not.ilily in modyn.amic princi|iles. It also ili 

eurrint. .Vssumini;' ;i wind \eliieity Italy, for industrial )iiirposes is sir\(s more than passini; mention In 

of thirty miles ]ier hour, the ni.axi heiiiii' dr.awn from wells.\ years cause it .actually Jiut to the tc- 

mum power .av .ail.alile )ier sipian foot .aiio. Sir Ch.arli s Parsons, .a well by the I'rench eniiinccr, Georiri 

of windmill surface is mih O.IS; .a known I'.nijlish enuimer. seriously Cl.iude, who been hi.irhly succcs- 

surfaic of .-i.-id.OOO square feet would proposed the sinkinij of a shaft twelve fill in other fields. .\ eonsidcrabl 

he nicess.ary to i;ener.ite one hundred miles deep to t.ap the earth's interior .ainount of money was ex)icn(Ied in tl: 

thoiis.and II. P. .assumiin; one liuiidnil heat, hut no such .attempt cM-r trials which took place near Cub; 

|iereent coiim rsioii of the kinetic heen iii.ade or is likely to be iiaMii .Vs far .as the .iiithor is .aw.are. thi> 

I iieriry of air mo\ iui; al this speed. serious (amsider.ation today. The (lues trials were .a laimjilete f.ailure from 

The tl iiiper.itiire Mr.adient .as one tion of how to secure eimutrh heal practical standpoint .and the end ( 

di sei lids beneath the earth's surf.acc tr.ansfcr siirf.aee to |iermit the genera the story never lieeii m.ade publi. 

x.irics with loc.alit> from twenty to tion of .any eoiisider.ible .amount of Claude eonviiuaai his sclieu 

one hundred siMiily I la I per denni power is onh one of the ni.aiiv Jiroli feasible .and he .ai 

I'ahrenheit. with fifty to sixty feet hnis would li.iM to he'soUed. noiinced pl.ans in l!i:ill for .a twent; 

.as ,1 fair .iMr.iiie On the .aver/iiic even siipposinii' the Iriniendoiis ti\e ihous.and kilow.att plant to 1 


erected near Santiago, Cuba. The 
plans, however, were never carried 
throuirh. Let us review hriefl^- some 
of the underlying; facts and principles. 
In tropical waters, surface tempera- 
tures are eighty to ninety degrees 
Fahrenheit, and at a depth of three 
thousand feet the temperature is con- 
stant at about thirty-nine degrees 
Fahrenheit, the temperature of max- 
imum density of water. From elemen- 
tary principles we know that power 
pan be developed from stored heat 
;nergy whenever a temperature ditfer- 
;nce exists. Tiie total ditference in 
fhis ease is only forty degrees Fahren- 
!ieit and this would probably be re- 
duced to an effective difference of not 
jnore than twenty degrees for the 
orime mover when allowances are 
nade for necessary thermal heads in 
leat-exchange apparatus. This may 
e compared with ,i difference of 
bout seven hundred degrees Fahren- 
leit. or thirty-tive times as great, in a 
nodern steam plant. With so small 
n intensity factor the capacity factor 
uld have to be correspondingly 
arge, which indicates that the size of 
he equipment for a given output 
Duld be many times that of a more 
rthodox steam plant. The practical 
roblem of conveying very large vol- 
mies of cold water to the surface 
rom a three-thousand-foot depth, with 
xjH-nditure of only a fraction of the 
jower developed and preventing ap- 
reciable rise in its temperature would 
)e enough to daunt any engineer, but 
was partially solved b}- Claude after 
few disastrous attempts. 
Claude intended to use the warm 
ater itself as the working fluid in 
e engine, but this hardly seems 
asible because of the low pressures 
n\()lved. It would seem better to use 
working fluid with a much higher 
ijjor j)ressure even though a further 
OSS in thermal head would occur in 
eat exchangers. The whole scheme 
IS utterly fantastic from any eco- 
oniic standpoint at the present time 
ut tan we be certain that it will not 
eeonie a practical reality a few Inin- 
reds years hence r 

Before leaving this source of en- 
rgy. passing mention might be made 
f the related scheme (also cliam- 
ioned by a French engineer) of util- 
iing the ocean temperature difference 
1 tlie arctic regions, where the heat 
:>urie would be the ocean water just 
nder the surface at a temperature of 
irty-two degrees Fahrenheit, and 
le lieat "sink" would be chunks of 
ilt-ice eutectie mixture at six degrees 

Solar Kadiatioii. The .imount of 
idiation reaching the cartli's surface 
rom the sun naturally varies with a 
umber of factors, but on a clear dav 

a surface perpendicular to the direc- 
tion of the radiation receives, on the 
average, about 0.12 horsepower per 
square foot or approximately three 
million horsepower ))er square mile. 
.\ssuming eight hours j)er day of sun- 
light of this strength, an area of fifty 
square miles would supply all of the 
present power demand of the United 
.States. There is, however, a tremen- 
dous gap between the possibilities and 
the practical realization, and onlv a 
few feeble attempts have been made 
to close the gap. The chief difliculties 
are: (1) the large area required for 
any sizeable plant; (2) the intermit- 
tent nature of the supply and lack of 
a good method of storage; (3) the 
changing position of the sun relative 
to the earth; (4) the low availability 
of the energy if turned into heat 
(eighteen percent for average heat- 
source temperature of two hundred 
degrees Fahrenheit and average con- 
denser-temperature of eighty degrees 
Fahrenheit). An idea of the difficulty 
caused by the low concentration of 
solar energj' may be had from the 
fact that a modern steam boiler gen- 
erates about four horsepower per 
square foot of heat-transfer surface, 
or an energy concentration almost 
thirtv-five times as great as that in 
solar radiation. 

The major portion of all solar radi- 
ation falling on tiie larth is converted 
to heat at the temperature of the 
atmosphere and is wholly unavailable. 
The following means might conceiv- 
ably be used to convert solar energy 
to a form of energy available for 
work: (I) photo-synthesis; (2) photo- 
electric cells; (3) heat engines using 
a fluid working substance; and {V) 
thermocouples (also essentially a heat 
engine, but using electrons as the 
"working substance"). A small j)ro- 
portion of the radiation from the sun 
is continually being stored as chemical 
energy through the process of photo- 
synthesis carried out by green plants. 
It is this process which made possible 
the stores of bottled sunlight that we 
are now obtaining from fuels, and it 
may have undeveloped ))ossibilitics for 
the continuous production of raw 
materials that can be processed to 
yield motor fuels. Photo-synthesis as 
practiced by the green plant is a very 
inefficient process in the sense that 
under the best conditions only a few 
tenths of one {jcrccnt of the radiation 
falling on a jjlot of ground is eon- 
verted to ciiemieal energy. There is 
no man-made (le\ ice .it the present 
time which can improve on tliis. How 
ever, we know luxt to nothing about 
the mechanism of the process, and the 
next step in our program should lie a 
long-range researeii ettVn-t by a num- 
ber of cooperating scientists in an 

attempt to learn sduiething .about 

The photo-electric cell is also a 
very inefficient device as far as con- 
version of total radiation from the 
sun into electrical energy is con- 
cerned, but who can sav how much 
this might be changed by further re- 

The development of solar heat en- 
gines has intrigued a number of in- 
ventors, and small units have been 
built and successfully operated for 
both water pumping and refrigeration. 
The fuel cost is, of course, zero, but 
tile fixed charges are relatively high, 
and at the present time solar heat 
engines could not possibly compete 
witli fuel-power plants or water- 
power jdants except in special regions 
far removed from these sources of 
))ower. Dr. C. G. Abbot, a pioneer in 
this field, believes that solar power 
can be generated at the present time 
at not over one-half cent per horse- 
power-hour. Before leaving the sub- 
ject, attention should be called to the 
Godfrey L. Cabot fund established at 
the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
iiologv- for research on utilization of 
solar radiation. Research is being 
conducted along all four of the lines 
outlined above, and many interesting 
results can be expected, even thousrh 
they may be of little immediate prac- 
tical importance in power develop- 

Jl air.i and Tides. Even thougii 
large potential amounts of power are 
undoubtedly available in waves, we 
shall dismiss this source entirely from 
consideration because of its extreme 
variabilitj'. Tides on the other hand 
are quite regular and constant in na- 
ture, and offer a means of power gen- 
eration which is entirely feasible from 
a technical standpoint, but probably 
not from an economic one at the Jires- 
eiit time. The principle is. of course, 
very simple and scarcely needs dis- 
ciissimi. Any difference in water level 
can he utilized to generate power: the 
chief difficulty in "the ease of the dif- 
ference produced by the moon (we 
might refer to tide jjower as lunar 
power, and tliis would certainly seem 
most ajit to tliose who regard the re- 
cent governmental venture in this 
field as something akin to lunacy) is 
that it is so small that enormous vol- 
umes of water must be iinpoiiiuled to 
oiitain .-i sizeable block of power. This 
means costly dams and also low-head 
turbines whose cost per power unit is 
iiigh. with the net result that the 
fixed eli.irges on such a plant are 
high. In this c.ise. part of them can- 
not \ery well be assigned to some 
other function such as navigation or 
flood control. 

(Turn to page 45) 





Industrial liiulth is a i-oopL-rativc 
undertakiiis;. This means that many 
(litlerent types and groups of people 
are interested in and concerned with 
it. including the employer and em- 
ployee, research worker, physician, 
safety and industrial hygiene engi- 
neer, not to mention the insurance 
comi)any. the lawyer, director of 
personnel and labor relations, public 
relations personnel, the nurse, psy- 
chologist and psychiatrist. At the 
outset, it is advisable to discuss the 
scope of industrial health work and 
the meaning of the terminology used 
in connection with iiuiustrial health 

Industrial health is a broad term 
and obviously includes all methods 
and j)ractiees aimed at the su])er- 
\isiiin and maintenance ot a high 
le\rl of pirsonal health among in- 
dustrial workers. The complexity of 
tin Held is thus obvious. particuLirly 
when it is realized that anv f.ictor 
which may adversely att'ect health 
becomes a ])roblem for conc<rn and 
investigation. In the \rry beginning, 
it should b.- nntrd tliat the essence 
of industrial health lies in the pre- 
vention of trouble. This conception 
necessarily broadens the field of ap- 
proach and .ajiplieation of industrial 
health proceduris. 

\ distinction should be made be 
tween the geiural praetiee of indus 
trial he.-ilth and the general pr.aetiee 
of industrial medicine and surgery. 
This <listinction has already been 
made in jiractice in most instances. 
By and large, the practice of indus 
trial medicine and surgery is limited 
to the diagnosis and treatment of 
disease and injuries. This, of course, 
is entirely the responsibility (if tin- 
physician .and in most inst.iiiei s. the 
physici.'in is maiidy oicupii-d with 
curative procedures. There is. how 
ever, what is called pn \entive meiii 
cine in industry. This <lireetly .q) 

plies to industrial health work, and 
in it the is used for cer- 
tain procedures wliieli will be dis- 
cussed later. 

Industrial hygiene engineering is 
.III integral part of industrial health 
work, which is specifically concerned 
with certain factors in the working 
environment which might become 
health hazards under certain circum- 
stances. Such factors include dusts, 
gases, vapors and fumes; tempera- 
ture, humidity and air motion; the 
kind of illumination; type of venti- 
lation used, both natural and arti- 
tiiial : the physical setup of equip- 
ment : the types of materials handled 
with particular reference to their be- 
idining jjotential health hazards. 

It is the job of the industrial hy- 
gitne engineer to use various types 
of instruments for the collection of 
dusts, gases, vapors, and fumes, and 
to determine the quality and quan- 
tity of these materials in the breath- 
ing atmosphere; to estimate the kind 
and intensity of illumination; to 
make measurements with reference 
to the efficiency of exhaust ventila- 
tion systems and natural systems; to 
ni.ikc observations rcl.itive to tem 
|)cr,iture, humidity and air motion: 
.-nul otherwise to .uive attention to 
the v.-irious factors in the environ 
iiient which might bear dinctly on 
the health of workers. 15y comparinit 
what the conditi(Uis are with tin- 
various standards, the industrial phy 
sieian has information which can lu- 
nsed .IS the b;isis of recommendations 
for control of .-my hazards which 
may exist, and .also in ducking tin- 
physical reactions of employees. 

It is also important to consider tin- 
possibility of accidental injurii-s. .-md 
therefore safety engineering beeouns 
.-1 V(-ry di-tinite and imiiortant phase 
of iiuiustrial health. It is the duty 
of the safety engineer to make in- 
spections and to iu)int out what po- 

teiiti.-il injury hazards exist with re- 
spect to the running of machines, 
the handling of materials, and vari- 
ous other methods and practices in 
industry which have to be observed 
;ind analyzed for the possibility of 
injury hazards. 

Another important phase of indus- 
trial health is sanitation and house- 
keeping. Within this category come 
the importance of keeping the work- 
jdaee clean and orderly throughout 
the working period, and the provi- 
sion of proper sanitarv' facilities, 
such as shower baths, washrooms, 
toilets, and the like. 


Now let Us consider a sample sur- 
vey in a relatively small plant 
of approximately ITo employees, 
including in this survey the follow- 
ing four ditt'erent types of observa- 

I. .S.-ifetv Engineering Control] 
II. Iiuiustrial Hygiene Engi- 
neering Control 
111. ."sanit.itiiin and Housekeepinfii 
I\'. ll.-.-ilth Control 
Sail-Ill F. uiiinrrrinii Control — Dur- 
ing tilt- s.-ifi-ty inspt-c-tion. it was dis- 
ecnercd tlure were a ninubei 
of unsafe practices, such as the us. 
of abrasive wheels without protei 
tion for the eyes; material being -,• 
|)l;ii-ed that it constituted a slip))inL 
.•iiul tripping ha/,-ird: the use o' 
p 11 n e h presses without iiropei 
gii.-irds: and tlu- unsafe use of ; 
fn-ight elevator. In addition to spe 
i-itic suggestions in each inst.-iiice re 
garding unsafe practices, the follow 
ing recommendations were made: 
1. First aid dispensary adeini.-itel\ 

supplied .-md run. 
J. Analysis of accident cxpt-ri 
ence during the past ten year 
followed by specific recommeii 


Portable apparatus for determining concentrations of various vapors and 
gases in industrial atnaospheres. 

Left — Interferometer. Right — Silica gel adsorption tubes connected to flow- 
meter and motor pump suction apparatus. Lower center — Aneroid barometer. 

Scni'ilaliiiH and Iwusekecphig — Ob- 
M r\.iti<ins with respect to sanitation 
[uil liousi keeping showed that aisles 
md walkways were very often 
lilockcd : refuse dis])osaI program in- 
rfticiriit ; tloDrs. toilets and washbowls 
ill dirty ccuiditioii : employees eating 
it work belli lie s (ir in workrooms: 
.iiiil dirty •■iiid nbsojitr drinking 

S|ieeifie reeoiniiiendatioiis w e r e 
made in each iiistanee witji rtspeet 
to till- eniitro] of sanitation and 
b()usekii|iiiig eonditiims. 

Itrnhh CiiiitrdI —Wnh rr-,|ie<-t to 
til.' hialtb I'ontrol program, tlie fol- 
biuiiig reeommend/itioiis were made: 
1 . Obligatory physical examina- 
tions of all new employees. 
( L'sing adequate forms and 
standards of acceptance related 
to the actual industrial ex- 
jjosures in the working environ- 
■J. \ DInntary ]>liysical examina- 
tions of employed jiersons on 
a ])rivilege basis, with employ- 
er's guarantee of no discrim- 
inatory measures. 
:i. Compidsory periodic examina- 
tions (as found expedient) on 
all those employees exposed to 
health hazards, as determined 
by industrial hygiene engineer- 
ing studies. 

3. The appointment of a jilant 

safety committee, 
-t. Periodic inspections and inves- 
tigations of accidents bv' safety 
committee, physician and nurse. 
I iidustrial hi/giene engineering con- 
trol — The industrial hj'giene Inspec- 
tion showed among other things, a 
deficiency in the proper type of 
lighting; lack of providing proper 
tem])eratures, luimidity and air mo- 
tion ; occurrence of various types of 
dusts and vapors in the air; and in 
various departments, the handling of 
materials known to have caused skin 
irritation. The following specitii' 
recommendations were made: 

1. Measurements of lighting ir, 
various deiiartments. with the 
establishment of )n-oper stand 


The measnrenuiits ot tempera- 
ture, humidity and air motion 
in various departments, and the 
est.-iiilishment of proper jjliysi- 
cal conditions of atmosphere. 
Measurements of vapin- concen- 
trations and dust eoiuentra 
tions, with remedying of condi- 
tions as found necessarx . 
Provision for the use of rub 
her gloves in \arious depart- 
ments where the materials 
handled are eajiable of prodiu- 
iiiu skin irritation. 

Portable apparatus for determining concentrations of dusts and fumes in 
industrial atmospheres. Left — Standard size implnger tubes with connection 
to ejector suction device for continuous sampling of dust. Center — Konimeter, 
especially for study of "grab" samples of dust in low range concentrations. 
Right — Electric precipitator for continuous sampling of dusts or fumes. 

.i;„;,- .V.,/,/v .Iff!'"" 

Portable continuous carbon monoxide indicator ror 
sampling mine and factory atmospheres. 

t. Follow up ])roc'fduris on .ill 
txaniin.itions wlii-ii milled, for 
•-piiial ailvin- coiuirnin^ cor- 
rtitiiiii of i)liysiial dtfci-ts, 
i-oo|)tratioii with family pliysi- .111(1 otlj( r similar mfas- 

.■). .Simplf liiit lomplttf ri-cord 
svstfin for till- ri-cordiii"; of i-x- 
.iininatioii data, first aid calls, 
.■ilisriittiisiii riiords. at-cidents 
,iiid illnisscs. 

(i. Provision for fuU-tinif rcgis- 
ti'rt'd niirsi- in cliarjic of .sini- 
|ily-i()uipi)rd dis|)iiisary for 
first .lid to aiiidi-iits and ill- 
ntss, ,111(1 the kfipinsr of 

7. Provision for p.irt-time indus- 
trial plivsici.iii with lire ar- 
ranged liours .it dis- 
}) e n s a r \ . for consult.ition.s, 
examin.itions. ,ind pl.iiit inspec- 

S. Health edueation jirograni for 
employees, carried on tlirougli 
the plivsieian and nurse, and 
.•ilso throuiili a pl;int health 
Jf'hat the EiHiiiuir Can Do 

It is obvious that the component 

(i.-irts of .-in industrial he.-ilth jiro- 

uraiii iiiMilve triiining in ditfercnt 

(Turn to page 43) 

/.'.•■■r.'rsy Zitrich In 

Laboratory and portable equipment tor dust determinations in industrial 

Left and center — Midget impinger tubes, pipettes, counting cells, micro- 
scope, counter, and dilution flasks. 

Right — Portable midget impinger dust sampling apparatus. 





Newspaper stories and magazine 
articles have lieraldcd frequency 
modulation as a revolutionary devel- 
opment in radio broadcasting. How- 
ever, it is in some of the technical 
aspects rather than in basic under- 
lying principles that this newcomer 
in the field of radio is revolutionary. 
Neither does it follow that there 
will be a rapid or complete change 
in radio broadcasting as we know it 
today. What we may expect is a 
leisurely transition period, during 
which both frequency modulation and 
the older amplitude modulation will 
find their proper places in the com- 
plete field of communication. 

Frequency modulation, as devel- 
oped by Major E. H. Armstrong, 
has certain advantages which assure 
it a permanent place in radio broad- 
casting. Chief of these advantages 
is the suppression of extraneous 
noise and freedom from static. One 
critic has said that it is the only 
radio system that can broadcast si- 
lence, and this feature is one of the 
characteristics noticed w h e n a 
listener first tunes in an FM station. 
When the studio is quiet, the radio 
receiver is silent; then the announcer 
speaks and it seems as though he is 
in the room, quietly talking to you. 
In addition, this relatively quiet op- 
eration is accomplished in a wave 
band which interference from auto- 
mobile ignition systems and other 
similar disturbances has made almost 

The freedom from static and noise 
is further enhanced by the absence 
of interference from other stations. 
The nature of the F'M signal is such 
that a strong carrier inhibits a 
weaker one. Even in areas where 
signals from two stations on the 
same frequency could be received, if 
the carrier of one is twice as strong 
as the other, the weaker signal is 
suppressed to insignificance. In the 

rare cases where two stations, oper- 
ating on the same frequency, ])roduce 
signals of approximately equal 
strength, a directional receiving an- 
tenna system is sufficient to allow 
the FM receiver to select one sta- 
tion and reject the other. 

The lack of background noise in 
FM reception permits taking advan- 
tage of another inherent improve- 
ment over the older method. This is 
the ability of the system to handle 
a wide range of audio-energy. Since 
reception is quiet, the soft playing 
of a soloist comes through without 
sinking below the noise level, while 
on the other hand a fortissimo pass- 
age of a large orchestra is repro- 
duced without distortion caused by 
over-modulation. Although there are 
jiractieal limits which determine the 
audio-energy range which may be 
used, the fact that the amplitude of 
the carrier is independent of the 
audio-signal relieves the operatcu' of 
constantly "riding the gain" to pre- 
vent over-modulation. 

The elimination of extraneous noise 
is ))articularly important in connec- 
tion with the transmission and re- 
ception of the wide band of audio- 
frequencies essential to a high fidel- 
ity system. Wide band transmission 
can be obtained with amijlitude 
modulation; however, in the standard 
broadcast band the assisinment of 
stations to channels ten kiloevelcs 
apart makes it necess;iry to limit tile 
;uidio-frequi-n<'y band to |)revent in- 
terference with adjarrnt e.irriirs. 
.Since FM liroadeast is assigiird to .1 
high frequency band, enough sp.-iee 
between channels been allowed 
to permit transmission of audio-fre 
quencies up to fifteen thousand 
cvcles ])er second without interfer- 
ing with other stations. The whole 
(ieveloi)ment of FM broadcast has 
been m;ide with high fidelity in mind, 
and as a result the striking realism 

of programs over this system has be- 
come one of its principal features. 

The assignment of FM to a fre- 
quency band extending from fort\ - 
two to fifty niegacyeles is somewhat 
of a mixed blessing. The use of a 
carrier at this high frequency sim- 
plifies the transmission of high fidel- 
ity programs, but these short waves 
are not reflected from the ionosphere, 
so transmission is limited to a range 
not much greater than the distance 
a searchlight beam can be seen. This 
means that an FM station will serve 
a local region within a radius of 
from fifty to seventy-five miles. 
However, the thirty-rive available 
channels can be assigned over and 
over again to stations in different 
parts of the country with no danger 
of interference and thus a large num- 
ber of stations can be aecommo- 

."^inee the frequencies that have 
been assigned to FM broadcast are 
useful only for transmission, 
rural regions ;ind s])arsely settled 
parts of the country will most likely 
continue to be served by the regular 
broadcast stations for .1 long time. 
Tei-hnieally it is i)OssibK to set up 
remote .-intoniatie t r.-nismitters and 
lia\c tin- program nlaycd on other 
wave b.inds to these local tr.msmit- 
ters for broadcast. The cost of small tr.msmitters is relatively low. 
so in the future some such 
■ irraniriiuint m.iy be .-idoijted. 

Nearly (\ervoin' thinks only ol 
r.idio hroadeast when tlu- siibje'et of 
r.idio is mentioned. .\s .1 matter ot 
f.ict, sDuie of the most im])ort,int 
Uses of r.idio .iri- in fields other than 
broadcast, (onnnunii-.ition with ships 
.it sea. r.idio .lids for .liriilane traf- 
fic, point to-point conununieation, di- 
rection ;ind control of mobile })olice 
units, and liaison service for mili- 
t.irv .ind n.ival forces, are some of 


till- uses fur radio which are impor- l>iit vvliiili art' not of everyday 
interest tii tlie averafie individual. 
I'lie use (it I'M will W adapted to 
sdiiif of tliese ser\ices. The Con- 
luctii-ut state poliee are installinj; an 
I'M svstein for two-way eoniniuniea- 
tion, while tin Cliieajjo poliee are 
expiriinentiiiir with I'M with the 
same end in \ iew. 'I'he use of FM 
li\ military and iia\al forees seems 
lojiieal. The aliility to maintain eoni- 
numieatiims throiisrh lu-avy statie and 
iiiterfereiK-e jiartieularly reeomniends 
it for this serviee. Equally impor- 
tant is the ahility of the stronger 
siirnal to suppri ss weaker ones, and 
thus prevent the enemy from "jam- 
niinji" till- eliannels to interfere with 
orders and reports. 

On the other han<l. FM does not 
appear to fit into the seheme of 
radio eonnnunieation as used by air- 
)iLine transport. The operation of 
the radio range signals, or beams, 
based upon the strength or amplitude 
of the signal received; consequently, 
the use of amplitude modulation pre- 
sents the simplest and most direct 
solution to the problem. Radio di- 
re<tion finding bv means of a direc- 

Above: Amplifier and I K. W. 

Output Stage of the Zenith FM 

Radio Station W9XZR 

Right: Master Control Position 
and Turntable of Station 
W9XZR Zenith Radio, Chicago 

Photographs by George 
Raymond, I. I. T., '42 


tional receiving antenna, such as a 
loop, works out more easily with an 
amplituded modulated receiver. Both 
the radio range and radio compass 
operate more satisfactorily at the 
lower radio frequencies, and at the 
lower frequencies there is not room 
for the wider hand required for FM, 
even if there were some advantages 
to this system. In the extremely high 
frequency channels used by the air- 
lines, atmospiieric disturbances arc 
not serious, and since the ignition 
sj'stems of the airplane engines are 
perfectly shielded, amplitude modula 
tion is satisfactory. 

Any attempt to explain the in- 
tricacies of frequency modulation 
should perhaps start with a review 
of radio in general and the phenom- 
enon of radiation in particular. Ra- 
dio communication is based upon the 
radiation of electro-magnetic energy 
by the transmitter. This is the same 
form of energj- that we know as 
light, and if our eyes were sensitive 
to the long waves of the radio sta- 
tions, the transmitting antennae 
would appear as sources of light, 
since energy is radiated from them 
somewhat after the manner that light 
energv' emanates from the filament 
of an incandescent lamp. 

Efficient radiation can be accom- 
plished only at high frequencies, 
that is, at frequencies that are higher 
than the ear can respond to. Con- 
sequentl}', a high frequenc}' carrier 
of radiated electro-magnetic energy 
is used to convey the message. The 
first type of signalling was accom- 
plished b}' turning on and off the 
carrier, just as one would turn on 
; and off a flashlight, that is, flashing 
I the light according to a code, as is 
done in telegraphic communication. 
, If, however, the intensity of the car- 
rier is changed to conform to the 
I fluctuations of electric current from 
I a microphone, then voice frequencies 
I are superimposed upon the carrier. 
I This is essentially what takes place 
(in a transmitter using amplitude 
i modulation. The intensity of the 
(carrier, corresponding to the inten- 
isity of the light beam, is caused to 
(vary, and since the radio receiver 
^is sensitive to the variations in in- 
tensity, the transmitted signals are 
[reproduced in the loud speaker of 
the receiver. Frequency modulation 
would correspond in a rough way 
'to changing the color of our light 
source witliout ciianging the inten- 
sity. In this method, the carrier 
;has a constant energy level, but 
;there arc changes in frequency, cor- 
responding to slight shading in the 
color of the light source, that con- 
Acy the information to the listener. 
iTo receive this type of modulated 


Audio Siqnal 

y\ ./ \ / 

\ V^ \ 

rv^ ^v^ 

^^ V 

Average Current 
of an AM Station 

^ Frequency of 
an FM Station 




Variation of Antenna Current When Modulated 
by An Audio Signal 

R esultont Vect or _ No ise V 

/ i i >y<---r 

/ Carrier , \ / / \ / 

/ Vector 




Fig. 2. Vector Representation of Signal Current and 
Noise Current 

carrier, a s])ecial receiver must be 
used. That is, we must have a re- 
ceiver which is sensitive to variations 
in frequency of the carrier wave 
rather than to variations in its in- 
tensity. By keeping the source of 
energy .it a constant intensity, and 
varying its frequency, there is less 
likelihood of extraneous signals or 
noise interfering with the desired 

Figure 1 illustr.iti-s the manner in 
whicli tlie .■uidio-signal is su|)crini- 
posed upon the antenna current of 
the transmitter. The aniiilitude - 
moiiiilated station will have a curnnt 
wliich changes so that the ciiv.loi.e 
of the radio frequency current cor- 
responds to tile audio-signal. The 

frequency-modulated station will 
have a frequency that changes to 
conform to tlie audio-signal. FM 
carrier frequencies are so high, 
forty to fifty million cycles per sec- 
ond, that a frequency ciiange of one 
hundred and fifty thousand is a com- 
paratively small percentage of tin- 

The instantaneous value of the 
current flowing in tiie antenna of a 
radio transniittir can be represented 
by a revolving vector which at a 
particular instant may iiave a posi- 
tion as shown in Figure 2. W hen 
there is no modiil.-itiini at tlie trans- 
mitter, the antenna current of either 
.in AM or I'M station has an un- 
v.irviniT aver.iite value .iiiil a con- 


st.iiit fri'qiuiu'V. If till' c.trriir of tin- iiuifiriiitudc of tlu- vi-ctcir cm have random victor wliicli can combine 
the AM transniilt.r is niodulatnl. the 

i^ for it to vary from ziro to twice with thi- re\ol\infi \ictor in anv 

its averaire lennth. I'his eiiaiiire coneeivahh- ni.aniu r. thi- hnj^li of 

corresponds to on<- hundred ))cr cent the carrier vector can In- ai>i>rceiably 

amplitude nioduhition. Tile current .altered Jiy the addition of this ran- 

in the receiving antinna foUows the doni noise. It is perhaps unconven- 

s.inii- pattern .is tlie current in tlu to consider .i random noise 

transmitting antenna, exce])t tliat .ad- vector added to a vector which rep- 

dition.d currents may he introduced resents a particular frequency. How- 

hv static or interference. The prcs- ever, if we think of the noise vector 

hnirtli of the vector may lie thouglit ence of extraneous cnrrents results as consisting of all frequencies, there 

of ,is the degree of niodul.ation. in undesirable noise in the loud will be present in the noise current 

Tile in.-lNimuni iinr.-ir ch.-inur spr.ikrr. If we consider noisi- as :\ (Turn to page 44) 

.intenna current can be represented 
liv a vector which changes in length 
but revolves at ;i .-inguLir 
\eloeitv. Modulation of .in IM 
rier can he rejircscnted bv .i \cetor 
of constant length but of x.arying 
angular velocity, or fre<iueney. In 
tlu' case of AM a x.ari.ition in tin 



The Federal Government has 
asked Illinois Institute of Technol- 
ogy to cooperate in a to pro- 
vide courses intended to meet the 
shortage of engineers with s])eeial- 
ized training in fields essential to 
national defense. The plan contem- 
Ijlates intensive engineering courses 
of collegia grade, and the subjects 
will depend upon our istini.ite of 
needs in this territory, after con- 
ferences with tin- industries. Thr 
courses contenipl.ited include Ma- 
chine Design: Tool Design: Disiyn 
of Jigs, Templ.-ites, .inil I'ixtiires: 
Advanced F.nginecring Dr.iwing: 
Advanced Structural Design: Diesel 
F.ngine Design .and Testing: Weld- 
ing Engineering; .Met.illurgy : K.idio 
Design and Testing; M.iterials In 
spection .md Testing; Testing of F.x- 
j)losives: Production F.nginciring; 
and Production .^supi-rvision. .Some 
courses may be eombin.ttions or sub 
divisions of those nuntionid .ibov<-. 
and there ni.iy be others not listed 
that relate to the ilcleiise program 
as it atTects industries, tin- civil serv- 
i<-,-. iir the .armed forces. The 

courses .are not faciifioiial and do 
not overl.ip suih courses now in op- 
eration or in ])rospect. 

Eligibility for admission is judged 
in individual eases. The basis is 
.ability to handh- work on the college 
levil in the i>;irtieul;ir course. .Ml 
or l)art of .a college emirse is a 
desirable qualitie.ition. but ni.iy not 
be necessary in .ill cases. Regis 
tr.mts ni.iv or m.iv not be now em- 

In most easis. the courses will he 
of (ifteen weiks' duration. with 
el.-isses meeting twice weekly fin- 
three lunir i)eriods, or three tiniis 
weeklv for two-hour jieriods : nights, 
.•^.iturd.iv afternoons, or .at otiur 
times outside working hours ot 
.tuilents. Tlu- el.asses will be .at the 
South Side .and West Side 
pli'.es of the Institute: in some c.ase^ 
:it pl.mts of eooper.ating industries: 
.111(1. where neeess.iry. in rented 

No tniti.ui fees .ire p.iid by the 
students. Their only costs will be 
for text books .and dr.awing instru 
meiit> iireiled for some courses. In- 

dividual el.isses will be kept small 
for maximum etiicieney in teaching. 
The same subject may be given in 
parallel to more than one class. It 
is expected that class work will be- 
gin about .lanuary 1, li)H, and if 
neeissarv .it monthly intervals there- 
.ifter, but not later than April 1, 
.\ federal appropriation reimburses 
the Institute for the costs of the 
program. Under the existing appro- 
priation ;iet, the ])rogram ends 
.lune ;30. 

President II. T. Ileald is regional 
.uivisir in the engineering ilefense 
tr.iining .ire.i which includes all of 
Illinois, the siMithern portion of Wi 
eonsin. and the C'liie.igo industrial 
.ire.a in the northwestern portion of Professor .1. 15. l-'inncg.i 
is director of the E. D. T. cours, 
.it Illinois Institute of Technology. 

It is requested by the L'. S. ()tlice 
of Education that widespread pub- 
lieitv be given to thi' 
.Miinini of the Institnti' .ire invited 
to bring the to the .attention! 
of qu.llilied jierMUls. 





^4 **\ 


- "'"srs-i-:-! - 

''o \ 

" J 


How does 

Western Etectric 

make tbis 

broadcast p 


/n </ie development of radio — that i/ere are t/ie niai;i roiifrs of llic liijili (juality The thousands i>f miles of wirr and cable, 

important influence in modern life Bell System lines employed in broadcasting the poles, the countless items of apparatus 

— Western Electric equipment has service. The"networkbroadcast"travelsover were supplied by \\ r-.terii Lleiirie, manu- 

played a bif; part. these wires. facturer and pun liasrr for the Hell System. 

Te/e/j/ioneeomponvVofifro/ «/yiV('s"likelhis To keep the pTOf^rani at full hrilliiinee. So. out of the telephone art has come 

one, VI eslern Electric ccpiipped. are located \^'estern Electric vacuum tubes at "re- much of hroadcastin-j's i)laut. This ap- 

at important cities. They switch the network pcater stations" amplify the electrical im- paratus is made by\\cstcrn Electric «ith 

program to selected broatlcasting stations, pulses with complete fidelity. tlu' same skill as your Bell Telcj)houc. 

Western Etectric 

. . . is had; of your 
Bell Telephone service 



Til.- Illinois Iiistitut.- of T.ilinol- 
ojrv will ottVr Coopirativr (urricul.i 
ill Husiinss A<imiiiistr.ition .mil in 
Industrial Mariairtiiuiit at tin I i wis 
Institute Division, tin- first ixroup 
starting February .(. 1!pH. This 
eourse is open to liotli men ami 

.*^tU(lents will ;iltrrii.-it( lutween 
sehool and enii)Ioynuiit in luisiness 
and industry .as they do in tin pop- 
ular "Co-O])" eourse for 
engineers at the Armour Division. 
Upon satisfaetory eomjtletion of the 
fifteen terms of seliiiol work .-iiul .1 
siniil.-ir jieriod of eniploynu lit. the 
de-r.e of Baehelor of Seieiiee will 
he conferred. 

This proiiraiii is heinir org.-ini/ed 
in an attempt to provide a me.nis 
for eiiergetie and amhitious hiiili 
sehool graduates to alternate lietween 
training on the job and related eol 
lege work. Students will he en.ihh d 
to earn a I;irge part of their eolKge 
.xiienses hy working h.ilf time .nid 
vet may eomiilete .a four ve.-ir eollege 
eourse ill fiv<- ye.ars. (ooiier.atiiig 
business enterprises will be provided 
with .1 selected -roup of men .iiid 
woiiHii whose sirxieis will he \.iln 
.able duriiii;' tluir undergradil.'ite .ind who will be .available for 
l-ontinued 1 niph.ym. lit upon gradn.i 

Th. sehool will hr divided 
into six .ilteniatiiii; iieriods of ri'^ht 
wieks e.ieh. rpnll beile. .•idlllit teib 
the student will seeiire a business 
position .after eonsultation between 
the Institute and the cooperating 
employers. .\ eomiiiny in.ay otlcr 
this opjiortunity to young men .ind 
women already in its employ who 
have shown unusual ability, and who 
have the necessary scholastic quali 
fieations to meet the requirements 
of the Institute. 

.studiiits for the new cooperative 
course will b. very carefully se- 

lected. .Vttention will be given to 
data obt.aiiied from individual inter 
views, to the student's .ittainment in 
high school, and to entrance tests. 
.\dmission to the course will be lim 
ited to those who possess both selio- 
l.istic .ibilitv .111(1 (pialities of leader 


During the time they .ire em- 
ploved. students reeeivi' the 
prevailing rate for the kind nf work 
done. The wages p.iid will in turn 
be used by the students to meet 
tin ir obligations to the Institute. 
."Students are not permitted to ch.ange 
their business positions without the 
knowledge and consent of the to- 

The training for business .idmin- 
istr.ition has been organized for the 
pur|)ose of educating young men and 
women for service in the fields ot 
retailing, wholesaling, office or (ler 
sonnil management, advertising, .mil 
similar positions. Besides tiind.i 
mental studies in science, economics. 
.111(1 the humanities, the etirriculum 
provides sjieeialized courses in s.iles- 
m.aiiship. |)urchasiiig. marketing, ad 
\ertisiim-. otflee .ind 
other fields offering definite tr.iiiiiiii; 
Cor those who desire emploxinent in 
luisiness enterjirisi s. 

Till- training for man 
.•igeincnt emph.-isi/es the prineiples 
of m.-m.-igemeiit irr eommouly 
.ipplied to till- m.muf.-ieturing iiidus 
tries. In addition to the basii- 
studies in scii-iu-e, (-(-onomics. .md tli<- 
luimanities. this curriculum offers 
specialized (oursi-s in motion .ind 
time study, factory layout and .-(juip 
mint, production m.-magement. cost 
i-ontrol. .111(1 industrial marketing, as 
well as oth.-rs of special ust-fuliuss 
to students . niploy.-d in industrial 

There .-ire m.iny exi-elleiit advantages 
.-.(-cruiiig to the student from |uirsiiing 
these i-oursi-s. .-\niong them is the 

.uhii-venu-nt of a broader and more 
n-alistie (dueation resulting from the 
corrt-l.-ition of prineiples learned in 
(iilh-ge work and personal partici- 
p.ition in their application on a job. 
The student also lias the oiqiortunity 
to earn part of the exiienses of his 
i-ollege career wiiile getting experi- 
i-nee in his chosen field of business. 
At tilt- end of his college training, 
he will liavt- tilt- advantage of being 
.-ihh to jirt-si-nt actual experience to 
.1 [irospt-ctivt t-mployer. Moreover, 
it is t-xpeeted in many cases, he will 
h.-iM- found his employer by the time 
of gr.-idu.-ifion. Hi- may reasonably 
expt-et to liupt- for mort- rapid ad- 
v.incemt-nt in his chosen vocation 
.ifter graduation as a result of this 
t-ombination of training and business 

This co(>|)erative |irogram does not 
duplie.-ite .my other educational of- 
fering in flu metropolitan area. No 
other eollegt- is jiresenting a five-year 
eoojierative eurricul.-i in business ad- 
ministration -md in industrial man- 
-igt-meiit h -idiiig to .1 Bachelor's de- 
gr(-(-. In still another way it is 
non-(-oinpetiti\ e in tli.-it it will be 
t,ikt-ii of hy many who 
iitherwisi- would not go to eoUtge. 

.Vrmoiir Collt-gt- of Kngineering 
lias brought about .i eorrel.-ition bc- 
fwt-i-n higher ediu-.-itinn and industry 
in .1 systt ni.-itii- w .ly by its cooper- 
.■iti\t- eourse in niech.-inieal engineer- 
ing. Lewis Institute of .\rts .-ind 
."^i-ienct-s will bring about the same 
correlation between Iiiglier education 
,ind business through this program as 
st-t u]). Tilt Institute long at- 
tt-mpted to St rve students who found 
it ntt-t-ss.iry to work and .-ittend eol- 
h-ge on a part-time basis. It has 
sought to offer courses designed tc 
fit the needs of this grouj). This co- 
operatiM- progr.-im is felt to be ar .idvaneenit-nt, because il 
(Turn to paje 28) 



It takes 33 separate brews to put 

such flavor, such smoothness, such 

unvarying goodness into a single 

gloss of BLUE RIBBON ! 

The finest coffee is hl<'n<li>il . . . and S' s 
tliis finest of beers -VuUl Blue Riblmn': 

Try a filass of Blue Ril.hon today. First 
enjoy tlie loiik of it - the chirily. the 
sparkle, tlie l)illowy head. Then enjoy 
your discovery of what heer flavor and 
heer smoothness can he! 

In that "lass-and in every tiU<- n( Bine 

Ribhon — is a hlend of ni>t two. or five, or 
ten . . . but 3.3 separate brews from 33 
separate kettles. 

And each brew is as fine as '*6 years of 
skill, the 28 Pabst scientists, and Pabst 
ingredients can make il! 

An expensive wa)' to brewy <)f course! 
But that's what makes Blue Ribbon 
inieriin's I'reiniiini Heer. with a smooth- 
ness that is uniiiui- . . . and a L'oodness that 

Sometime todav. h. 
leelin^- Bhie Rdibon. 

the jdeasure of 

^'^ BLEND T^izt /^^^^e^ ?^ /f^e^ 

First in the Homes of 

America — and the Largest 

Selling American Beer in th 

Restof the World! 


Faiist Blue Ribbon 


Copyrik'hl H'lll.rabsl Brcwinc Company. Milwaul<e 


(From page 26] 

nut .MiU utli r- tlu riiiUMti.iTi.-i! Mr\ 
Hv iif 'li.ljiiiiu- till- stiui.nt to limi 
ai)j)ro|)ri:iti- iniploynunt. but also as- 
suiius a lartri.' measure iif respoiisi- 
liility Icir eorrelatilljr lorinal eduea 
licin ill cDlleiie witil tin- work of tile 
student ill liis elioser> v.u-atioii. Det' 
mite attempt-, will lu- iiia<le to uiiit\ 
tiles,- two factor-, ill a \ ital wa\ . 
Her.tofore. to a lar-.' extent, til. 
school lias proxidid coiir-,es aOrr the 
student lias found eiii|iloyineiit 
\\li(dlv on liis own initiative. It is 
Inlieved that the plan liro\ ides .1 
snhstantial h.-isis for iir.-idu.-iti work 
later for m.-ijor 1 m lutix is. 


.\hmfort Sliulio 

.\ii .-ich isory eouiu-il for the pro- 
i;r.un heen formed of adniinis- 
Ir.itive otticers of the Illinois In.sti- 
tute of 'reelinoloiiy .and represcnta- 
ti\ts of husiness and industry. The 
olfiei.d Co ordinators in tile proj;ram 
are .Mr. I,. ,1. Lease and Miss Kath- 
ryn Judkins. 'J'liey .are prc))ared to 
receive applications for admission to 
til.- courses. One-h.ilf of those who 
.ire aceeptid will hei;iii their eollei;-e 
work I'ehru.ary .'! in cl.isses to he 
eoiidueted .at the West .Side eam|)Us. 
Till- other half will occupy their po- 
sitions of employment. 

This iiroject, sponsond hy tin- 
Illinois Institute of Technology, eon 
solidatcs the resources of its branches 
in socially inijiortant ways. By draw- 
insi j;encrously upon the material, in- 
structional, .and administr.-itive re- 
sources .-iiui f .-1 e i 1 i t i e s of both 
hranelu s. it has been found jjossible 
to set up .111(1 ere;ite this eooiierative 
educational enterprise. 




l.rinst I leminu'way's l;itist novel. l.ition of critic .iftcr critic — Caiiby, 

/or nhoni thr Br'U Tolls ( Scrib- .Vdaiiis, .Sherwood, Dorothy Park.'r, 

711 rs I. is .1 be;iutiful .-lud movinji (ianiiett. Hansen. Howard Muniford 

hook. -Mr. Heminicway li;is retained .'ones. I' \'iiieent .sheeli;in — 

.lud even developed further his jrift .ill shriekiiii; 'for .ill time', 'for all 

for \ i\ id .and forceful diction: lu- in.ankiiid', 'our best writer's best ext.nded soniewh.-it the r.iuiie of book' 

1 wi 


his eoneiption; .-ind. in short, lu' 
rem.ains one of the most interestinL; 
fiiiures ill contemporary American 
litcraturt . .and this newest hook i- 
worthy of him. One <-.iii. indeed, 0111 
!<h,iiil<) s,iy all these tliini;s fre<- 
he.artedly .lud miiirudiiinji'ly : but t( 
s.i\ much inori' this is to c;iri- 
c.iture. I fear, both .Mr. Hemiuu- 

for .\Ir. Heminiiw.ay. .\n .artistic 
iii.ant no doubt feels utter fury when 
he is tre.attd ,is a charminii ))yinny; 
we yet .1 jirestntiment of what 
lie must uiideriid when we lie;ir Heet- 
lio\eii, for exam|)le, spoken of ;is 
.1 'c-omjioscr of exquisite b;igatclles' : 
hut if there is any worse anguish 
it is that sutl'ered by a conscientious 

w.iv's t.ih lit .and his .leliii \ emeiit. minor artist whom excited critics are 

Critics h;i\i\ of ccmrse, s.aid mon tryiiiit to streti-h to the st.-iture of a 

th.iii this. .\n oddly H.amboyant lold.r Titan. .\iid Mr. Ilemiiniway ;.v cim- 

hefore nir tl.-iiints the lnsterii-.ll ,-idii scic-ntious: .iiiil he is minor. 



Founded to render a re- 
search and experimental 
engineering service to 

Thirty-Third, Federal & Dearborn Sts. 
Victory 6050 


The first of these two predications 
is ohvious enough ; the second ina y 
demand some discussion. For IVliont 
the Bell Tolls illustrates niv point 
very nicely. Tlie diction is that of a 
literary virtuoso who can do anything' 
in words; Mr. Heminoway can con- 
struct a continent, an ocean, a sun- 
set, anything you want, practically 
at a blow, practically with a single 
stroke of the pen ; and he can do 
this almost ex u'lh'ilo. Most writers 
can he caught lugging their literary 
paraphernalia onto and off the stage; 
if they make anything magical ha|i- 
pen, it's all done with the aid of 
mirrors, and you can see the mir- 
rors; the whole stage in fact glitters 
with literary artifices; but Mr. Hem- 
ingway takes a handful of plain Eng- 
lish, gestures, and you have the civil 
war in Spain, the retreat from Cap- 
paretto, or whatever the magician 
desires you to see. 

From this standpoint, there would 
be some sense in saying that Mr. 
Hemingway can write Tolstoi's head 
off, for the Russian is far less 
grajihie. Hut there is a difficulty. 
When all the decor is finished, when 
the characters are vividly before us 
: — vii'idli/ in a purely physical sense 
I — then Mr. Hemingway can do little 
imore ; the rest is a commonplace per- 
formance. In this latest work, for 
instance, the author employs an in- 
tellectual framework which is not a 
whit better than that of any of the 
hack magazine novels on tlic Ci\ il 
War in Spain or the Nazi revolu- 
Ition in Germany : but his amazing 
^stylistic genius can hide every weak- 
|ness and transform the commonplace 
[into the miraculous. You can get an 
idea of how much de|)ends upon dic- 
tion here by translating any para- 
grajih into French, German, or any 
other language than Hemingway's 
English; the ett'eet is immediately 

As a consequence of liis ))riiuary 
weakness and streng-th, Mr. Heming- 
way's major characters in the new 
novel, like those in his earlier works, 
remain abstractions ; his minor char- 
acters, as always, are sharply and 
il>snlutely drawn. His plot, as al- 
ways, is, like the Irishni.-in's coat. 
1 tissue of holes; his f))isodes arr 
nn.i/iiig. The wiioK- always falls 
^llort of jierfection, the |)art always 
lehirves it; and the achievement in 
his new work is so extraordinary 
li.ct you will read of Pilar and 
I'ablo — especially Pilar's ajjpalling 

iarr,itiv< and von will wonder why 

1 .mi captious .Mboiit Maria and 


MatJteniafies and The Imaqinatiou. 
Hy Edward Kasner and James Xew- 
man, with illustrations by Rufus 
Isaacs. New York: Simon ami Schus- 
ter, 191.0. 

Edward Kasner, Adrian Professor 
of Mathematics at Columbia Univer- 
sity, and James Newman, mathemat 
ieal amateur (I use the term in its 
original sense), have written a book 
which is outstanding in its gift for 
simplification. This unusual quality 
of ex])laining the esoteric concejits 
of matliematies in simple and under- 
standable terms attests the ability of 
.Messrs. Kasiur and Newman. 

Modern m;ithematics, far removed 
from its elementary aspects, is here 
displayed in the form which best 
reveals its beauty and simplicity. 
Misty philosophical discussions are 
creditably avoided. Instead, by 
always clear and often witty exposi 
tion, the authors lure their reader 
through the veritable wonderland 
which is modern mathematics. 

The nine chapters of Matliematies 
ami The I nuu/iiiatian bring forw.ard 
understandably some of the ])roblems 
M-hieb have interested the Xewtons 
;md the I'.ulers of our day. The 
])aradoxes of the infinite, expressed 
so annoyingly well by Zeno of Ele.i 
a few centuries B. C, and resolved 
within our time, lead from "Beyontl 
the Googol" to the arithmetic of 
transfinites. F'our dimensional and 
non-Euclidean geometries, a b o u t 
which nuich has been written to fur- 
ther becloud a reader's mind, are 
lucidly treated in the chapter "As- 
sorted Geometries — Plane and I'aniy." 
"Rubber-Sheet Geometry, ' w h i e h 
seriously jjresents the mathematical 
theory of eontiinious transformations, 
is amusingly enlivened by its discus- 
sions on pretzels and doughnuts, and 
its suggestion of removing your vest 
withcmt reuKU iug your coat. 

"Chance .■uid C'haHceabilitv. " which 
discusses the theory of probability, 
will ajjpcal to that large comiiany 
whose paramount concern may be in 
its application to crajjs, as well as 
to those interested in determining 
their chance of escaping death from 
aerial bombardment. The incredit 
• ible theorems of Hatisdarff and Tar- 
ski, showing that the sun may be so 
divided and then reassembled so as 
to fit in our \rst ]ioeket. are but 
examples of the interesting subject 
matter to be found in "Par.adox Lost 
,ind Paradox Reg.iined." The P.ath t'urves of "Change and 
"Change.ibility tlir Calculus" wliieli 
lia\ ing .'in intinite length may still 
be dr.-iwii on :i postage]), or 
which till a cubical box eom- 
|iletely serv.' to ". . . stand as a 
magnilieent elialleiige to imagin.ation 

and as a tribute to mathematical 

Matliematies and The J maf/iiiatioii 
clearly reveals the beauty and ro- 
mance of modern mathematics. This 
discipline combines the exactitude of 
the sciences, the economy of poetry, 
the counterpoint of music and the 
significant form and symmetry of art. 
This is a book which I commend to 
the attention not only of the layman 
with intellectual curiosity but also to 
the ])rofessioual matliematician. 



Mcidrniisiii. oi 111 ii>,- a mure exact 
term, functional ism. lias been exploited to 
the utmost in this m;\\ elevated tank with 
a capacity of 100,000 .nals. at Longmont, 
Co!. The usual tower, consisting of four 
nr six posts made of structural members, 
has liecn replaced hy a vertical shaft of 
welded steel whicli is supported by a 
'onical h;ise. Tlie storage space is 
spherical in order to concentrate all the 
loads at the center. Thus the elements 
I if the structure have been reduced to two, 
namely a sphere and a pedestal. This 
tank is elevated lii) ft. ahove the .grouiul. 

The foundation for this type of tank is 
iU'^iu:ned not only for the vertical load hut 
.iUm to withstand any overturning mo- 
nunlv The base of the tank is solidly con- 
iKcted to the foundation by anchor bolts 
.1^ shown in the picture. Hecause of this, 
tile tank and its foundation react to wind 
Iciatls as a unit. 

The Chicago Dridge and Iron Com- 
]iaiiy built this tank and several others 
Iil<e it. u-ini: butt -welding throughout. 



lllill<>i^ Institute of 'I'lc'liiiologv 
will coiitinuf iindi-r tlic auspicts ol 
till- Illinois Toc'Ii Stuiltiit Association 
tiK- famous ARMOL'H TKCH HK 
I. AYS (iAMKS Ix-iiii l.y Aniioiii- 
Instituti- of Ti'clmoloiiv in tin- s|irinii 
of 1!)-_'S. In tiir fntniT. the (ianirs 
will l.f known as THK ILLINOIS 
TKCH RELAYS, but foi- tin- pr. Mi.t 
it is nt'CfSsary to refir dinitly to tin 
founder organization so as to adc 
quatily tit-in tlu- l)aL'k<i;round and 
rt-putation of tlust- famous games. 

In till- s])rinii; of 19H — on Satur- 
day aftirnoon and evening, March 
15 — the l.'JtIi annual Games will be 
held. The location again will be the 
well-known University of Chicago 
field house, reputed to have the fast- 
est indoor track in the world. The 
management of the Games will be 
under the direction of the same com- 
mittee of veterans, with John Schom- 
mer, director of athletics and ))opular 
Big Ten official, as chairman. The 
committee, in all, consists of George 
S. Allison, treasurer of the Institute, 
Norman Root, track coach, and Alex- 
ander Schreiber, public relations of- 

Recognized as the outstanding track 
and field meet of the middle west, the 
19H Games will again feature events 
designed to afford the best of com- 
petition to both the university class 
of athletic teams and those of the col- 
lege class. One feature will bring 
together in a matched event selected 
athletes who an- sjjecialists in one 
[larticul.'ir tield. 

It is the desire of the conunittee 
in charge to create as much interest 
as possible in tlic liltl Games on the 
part of alumni of both Armour Insti- 
tute of Technology and Lewis Insti- 
tute. In ])revious years, there has 
li( III a (iisapi)ointing lack of alumni 
n pri siiitation at the games. While it 
is recognized that many an alumnus 
cannot [jossibly attend because of resi- 
dence many niilis distant from Chi- 
cago, it is lio))ed that the ahnnni liv- 
ing in Chicago and its suburbs will 
find it eonvrnient to make early reser- 
vations for till- 19 H Games. 

All alumni will receive from the 
committee advance information .about 
the Games and the features plaimiil. 
In addition, machinery will br pro 
vided wlierebv' the alumni will br .ibli 
to make reservations well in aiUanec 
of Marcli 15, .and thus .issure them- 
selves of good se.-its. 

(Turn to page 32) 


is significant 

In metallurgical laboratory equipment, 
the A-B hallmark signifies the finest of 
equipment obtainable. 

When you seek the right apparatus, 
coupled with unbiased recommendations, 
let us show you how well we can serve 
the metallurgical technician. 

many progressive institutions which use 
A-B equipment and service. 

Write for your copy of "THE METAL 
ANALYST", a new 100 page handbook 
of metallurgical laboratory equipment 
and an index to new technical literature. 

Cutters and Grinders • Specimen Mount Presses • 
Straight line Grinders • Transoptic Mountings • Paper 
Disc Grinders • Specimen Storage Cabinets • High 
Speed Polishers • Polishing Stands • Microscopes 
of Every Description 






On .hiiif 12, lilU, more than two 
liuudrL-d Miiiors will receive their 
Bachelor's Degree, about twenty their 
Master's Degree, and five will receive 
the Doctorate. In addition, fifty- 
eight "Co-ops" will receive their B. S. 
in Meclianical Engineering this com- 
ing .January 29. This will he the 
largest group of students receiving 
their degrees that ever left the door 
of "The Tech" at graduation time. 

These young lads on graduation 
should be placed quickly if the na- 
tional preparedness program keeps up 
its pace with the demand for engi- 
neers. It was not long ago that the 
doctrine of technocracy filled with 
alarm many of tiiose engaged in the 
engineering professions, for fear the 
market for technically trained men 
was vastly oversupplied. Now the 
demand for engineers is unprece- 
dented and this office has had hun- 
dreds of jobs it could not fill. An 
urgent cry has gone out for Mechan- 
ical, f^lectrical, Civil and Metallur- 
gical engineers, in the order given. 
The greatest demand by far has been 
for Mechanical Engineers. 

A gratifying turn of events has 
been the demand for engineers from 
; thirty-five to fifty years of age, with 
experience that would fit them for 
managerial positions, production engi- 
neers, chief engineers, superintend- 
ents, plant engineers and executives. 
Many firms are enticing experienced 
I men away from their .jobs in other 
[ concerns by the lure of greatly in- 
1 creased wages. In many instances. 
I firms are hiking the wages of their 
key men to prevent their loss to steel 
mills, aeroj)lane manufacturers, and 
to |)lants making munitions or acces- 
sories needed for the national defense 
program. The scale of wages appears 
to 111- upward and violently upward 
liir many specialized endeavors for 
several years to come. 

The many requests for young en- 
gineers are chiefly ones demanding 
drafting, time and motion, produc- 
tion, wage incentive, and structural 
■itul nvachine design experience. In 
lii'iii I was pleased to obtain a re 
([Ucst to send one engineer to .i 
pros|)eetive joli, and now the re- 
quests frequintly are for from ^ix 
to a dozen men. Several of the 
large aeroplane manufacturers 
asked for men skilled in aeroplane 
design. When 1 .-isked, "How many?" 
their retort w;is, "We will take hun- 
ilrrds if vou have them available." 


Some day, when you are in industry, things 
may go badly because a tap, a die, a twist 
drill, a reamer or a gage isn't doing the work 
it should. 

If such a day comes to you, remember this: 
G.T.D. Greenfield, the world's largest manu- 
facturer of threading tools maintains a force 
of some 40 experienced field engineers tor 
just such days. A call for tJie "Greenfield" 
man will always help. 





It is lioi)ed by this ilepartment 
that you alumni are all on the high- 
way of success. If there is anything 
it can do to aid you. be sure to call 
on it for service. Help ! Help ! Help ! 

I wisii to thank those ahnnni who 
h.ive res|)onded to the cry, and to 
remind those who haven't tliat "Hell 
is paved with good intentions." 

The Dej);irtment wishes you a 
Merry Ciiristmas and ,i Happy New 
Year full of Happy Hours, Health, 
Peaie and Prosperity. 


Director of Pi.iernicnt. "n.inir li.inds" ,ire under eon- 
siiK'ration. .Vrmonr alumni as well 
as undergratiu.ites .in- cordially in- 
". ited to attentl and enjov an evi- 
ning of fun ;ind frolic. .\s in pre- 
vious years, liids will he •"^.'i..")!) pi'r 

Tlie dinner to he serKe.l will de- 
light the he;irt of .-in Kpiein-ean: 

I- riiit Cup 1' lorid.i Beef Consomme 

lumbo Mixed Ol 

•rv Hearts 



1' orm;i 

of th.- s,.eial 

, ni.-iior 1 
.f Illinois 

stitute of Technology, will l,r lirld 
m February -.'.S. lull, at the Clii- 
-.-igo Tower's Cluh. ")().-> North Mich 
g.-m .\venne. Tlu- ori'liestr;i has luit 
leen ih-i'ided uikol as vit. hnt se\ 

I'ilet Mignon with I'resh Mushrooms 
I'nsh (iard.n Peas 

.StutVed M.iked Potatoes 

Cliefs .'^alad from th, I'.owl 

Irn/en laver Cake I. I. T. 



l.JIII \NM Al. llllNOls ||;(|| 1{\:\.S.\ (.AMES 

tOrnu-rly Aniioiir lit It lifhiy (,(iinis> Evi-nii.;:. IV I'UI 7 :(ili I'. \1. 

I iii\.-i-il> <>l ( hii.i^.p I i.'M Hon-.' 

'.(.Ill Slii-.l ^ I ni\.i-il% \\.-nu.' 

The Outstanding Indoor 
Track and Field Meet of the Midwest. 

I'or l{<\ iilioii- 



Illinois Iiistimie t.f T.Mliiinlop% 
.\Mm Feilt-ral Slreol. Chirac.. 






The 19 tl iiicctiiii.- ,,f thr Mi.luTst 
Power Conference will he lulj on 
Wednesday and Thursday. A])ril 9- 
10, at the Palmer House. Cliieayo. 
This Conference is s])onsiired an- 
nually by the Illinois Institute of 
Technology with the cooperation of 
seven otlier midwestern universities 
and collea;es and the local sections of 
the Founder and other eniiincerini; 
societies. The Conference is enter- 
ing its fourth year under tiie present 

The purpose of the Midwest 
Power Conference has been estah- 
lislied as that of offering an oppor- 
tunity for all ])ersons interested in 
poMcr production, transmission, or 
.'onsuni])tion to meet togetlier annn- 
illy for the study of nuitual ])roli- 
lems, free from the restrictions of 
.'equired raembershijis in tcclmic-il or 
iocial organizations. It is felt that 
icademic sponsorship of a conference 
aermits the freest possible discussion 
ranging from the technical throuirli 
the economic and into the social as- 
bects of the subject. 

!T!ie tentative program of the 19 1 1 
aeeting, as outlined by the dircc- 
orate of the Conference, includes 
essions on Central Station Practice. 
jJtationary Prime Movers and Plant 
iVuxiliaries. Hydro Power, Electric 
, ower Transmission and Distribu- 
■ion. Feedwater Treatment, and In 
lustrial Power Plants. Among the 
proposed papers for the various ses- 
iions are the following: Survey of 
Stationary Power Facilities from the 
i5tandpoint of Defense, .V Resume of 
i'resent Day Power Trends, Forced 
irculation in American Power Plant 
'ractice. Modern Steam Turbine 

for Every Job w 

Brown & Sharpe 

Design. Variable Speed Drives for 
Plant Auxiliaries. Hydro Power and 
the National F.mcrgencv. Reestablish- 
meiit of Cable Connnunication, Ap- 
plication of Recording Meters and 
Kciuijinicnt, Some Problems in Power 
System Stability, Increasing Power 
Production with Present Boiler 
Facilities, and Interchange Contracts 
between Industrial Plants and I'til- 
ities. The tentative ] also 
consists of joint luncheons with the 
Chicago Sections of the .\meriean 
Soi'icty of Mechanii'.al Kngiiiecrs and 
.\mcrican Institute of Klcctrical F.n 
ginccrs. an All-Knginecrs' Dinner, an 
Inspection Trip, and a .Smoker. 

Till' Nation's j)ower problems are 
of \ital import.-iner in this d,i\ of 
industrial mobilization .-nul national 
emergency. The sjioiisors of the 
Conference extend to all who are 
interested in such |)roblinis a cordial 
invitation. The Preliminary Program 
will be forthcoming in a subsequent 
issue of the Armour l\ iif//iirrr ami 
.11 limn !,.•<. 

Intiuirics in regard to the Confir- 
ence m.iy be addressed to either 
."^tanton F. Winston. Conference 
Director, or Ch.arlcs N. Nash, Con- 
ference .Secretary, in care of tlie 
Illinois Instituti- of Technology, 
••i.iOO Federal Street, Chicago, 111. 

'AInor" Surface Temperature 

Kveiy maiiufuiiunT of fiiriiaces. ovens, kilns, 
refractories, insulation, glass, ceramics anil 
other products as well ,ls lalwratorics, consult- 
in? encineers and others, should have this 
pyrometer, known as the ".Mnor" Pyrocon. 

With its variety of inlerehanKeable themio 
. .luples it is a most versatile and handy instni- 
nient for all surface temperature applications 
such a.s molds, platens, plates, rolls, cylinders 
.ir.d similar siirlaces. 


e. direct reading, mixlerately 

ll"ri(.> f.,r KiilUlin 1T2T-C 


IK. W. Ilul.l..u,l -ir,-,i ( i„,,,,„. IlluK 




A. H. JENS, '31 


NoiuiM.ition fur M.ui of tlir Month 
of tlif Armour Ahmini Assoi-iatioii 
siofs without ()iustion to Clinton K. 
StryktT. a nu'inber of tlu- class ot 
1917 in the department of tlectriial 
tngint'erino;. ^Ir. Stryker recently 
was made vice-president and assistant 
to the president of the NordberL; 
Manufacturins Company of Mil 
waukee. Wisconsin. He was formerly 
a jiartncr in MeKinsey. Kearney (S: 
Com])aiiy. manairenient eonsultants in 

After Stryker was graduated from 
Armour, he joined the enjiineerinii 
start of the Commonwealth Edison 
Company of Chieasio as testing engi- 
neer. He returned to Armour 
in 1920, and became successively in- 
structor and assistant professor in tlu 
department of electrical engineering. 
In 192 K tlie year when he left the 
Institute. Stryker received from his 
Alma Mater the professional degree 
of Electrical Engineer. During this 
period, he served as chief engineer for 
the Ozone Pure .Vrifier Company, and 
as electrical engineer on the staff of 
Underwriters' I.aboratoric ^. 

In ]92;i, in addition to his m.inv 
other duties, he did work for the I'.in- 
steel Metallurgical Corpor.ition of 
North Chicago. (ir.iilu.illv se\(ring 
all other connections, he worked into 
the Fanste<l organization. Here he 
served sue<-cssivel_v as electrical engi- 
neer, manager of the railway and in 
dustrial division, and then as viei 
president and man;iger of the 
Ramet Corporation of .\merica, a sub- 
sidiary of the Fansteel organization. 
He finally became chief engineer of 
all Eanstecl's operations. 

.Stryker's greatest interest always 
has been in scientific man.iLCi-ment. 
especially in organization |)roblems. 
This interest led him into a jiartner 
shi|) in MeKinsey. Wellington & Com 
pany. which later became MeKinsey. 

Kearney & Company. His duties in 
eluded management and engineering 
service in market investigation, organ 
ization ;ind management studies, and 
financial and general business surveys. 
He travelled a wide area around Chi 
(■ago. wherein one of his clients wa^ 
the N'ordberg Manufacturing Com 
p.-mv. In his capacity as mati.igemeiit he .attracted the attention 
of the Nordberg Comjiany. and subsi 
([uently was selected by the company 
to carry cnit one of thi' reeonum-nda 
tions he made to it. 

In ahunni affairs. .Strvker has been 
very active. During 1922 and 192.'! 
he served as .secretary-treasurer of 
th<- Alumni Association. He has been 
a member of the ,\dvisory Board since 
shortly after its formation, .and of tin- 
Hoard of Managers since 19:51. He 
was nominated in .'unc. I9.'i<i. for 
.\lumni Trustee. 

.\mong im|)ortant contributions to 
industry made by .Stryker is the di' 
vclopment and promotion of the use 
of Balkitc rectifiers and battery 


Our l)ei)artnunt of I'ire Protection 
Engineering, beginning with its estab- 
lishment in 190:i, had ))artieularly 
frien<lly relations with Mr. Jackson , 
\'. Parker. Manager of the Western i 
.\etu.irial Bureau. From 1920 until i 
his (hath in Octobr. 19.'f(5. Mr. Parker Chairman of the Scholarship | 
Committee, through which the capital i 
stock fire insurance companies main- 
tain a system of four-year scholar- 
ships in the De|)artment. (The pres- 
I nt Chairman of the Committee is Mr, 
R. M. Beekwith.l 

.\ Large number of graduates of the 
DeiKirtment, both scholarshij) .and 
non-scholarship men. have had numer- 
ous contacts with Mr. Parker, and he 
enjoyed the respect and afTeetion of 
all' of them. 

Mr. Parker's sister. Miss Frances 
P. Parker of Newport, Minnesota, has 
established in our library an endowed 
collection as a memorial to her 
brother. The income from the endow- 
ment fund is to be used for the pur- 
chase of books, pamphlets, reports,, 
ch.irts. periodicals, and other ]nibliea- 
tions relating to insuraiu-e and fire 
protection engineering and to allied 
subjects. Miss Parker is also |)rovid- 
ing a book pl.ite, replicas of which 
will be used to identify books and 
other jjublications in the collection, 
.111(1 she is further jiroviding ;i bronz 
plate to identify the eolleetion as a 

Mr. P.arkcr's friends will recognize there is no form of memorial 
which W(nild li.i\c pleased him more. 

eh.argers for r.iilw.iy .and tele 
gr,ii)li service. \ member of ?>ta 
Kaiijia Nu and Theta Xi, Stryker alsc 
is I'ellow of the .\nierican Institutt 
of Electrical Engineers, and mcmbei 
of the Society of .Vutomotive Engi 



Among the lii-st jobs of jjublit-izing 
Illinois Institute and the virtues of 
its graduates is that done by John 
Schommer, formerly President of the 
Alumni Association, and now Director 
of the Placement Department. Dur- 
ing the past 5'ear, John appeared be- 
fore fift3'-two separate groups. He 
spoke on engineering, athletics, and 
placement problems, in each case 
adapting his address to the particular 

On several occasions, the immedi- 
ate audience numbered more than a 
thousand. At the Alumni Banquet of 
all colleges at the Morrison Hotel on 
October 23. 1939, aproximately eleven 
hundred were in attendance. The 
dinner of the Public Service Company 
of Northern Illinois drew more than 
twelve hundred. In addition to these 
addresses, Schommer met with Ar- 
mour Alumni Clubs at Columbus. 
Detroit. Minneapolis, and New York, 
and appeared on numerous radio 
broadcasts. Equally important arc 
the personal interviews bj- which John 

has paved the way for many exi'ellent 
contacts for gr.■l(lu,■^te^ ai Illinois In- 


Alumni President J. \\'arren Mc 
Caii'rey announces the appointment of 
the following conunittee chairmen, 
each of whom is a member of the 
Board of Managers: 

Placement, ,)olin ,1. .Schommer: 
Alumni Relations, Arthur H. Jens: 
Alumni Awards, \\illiam ¥. .Sims: 
Luncheons, Louis .1. Byrne; Consti- 
tution, Edward F. Pohlmann; Fi- 
nance, Claude A. Kneupfer; Banquet. 
Eugene Voita; Publicity, Richard N". 
Vandekieft; Fund-Raising, Clinton E. 
Stryker and Stanley M. Lind. 

It is the intention of the Alumni 
President that the aliove committees 
be increased to three or four members 
by men from the ai'tive .\lumni As- 
sociation. If yon have a desire to 
serve on any of the above counnittees. 
it is sugested that you write directly 
to Alumni Secretary W. \. .Setterberg 
at 3300 Federal Street, stating your 


1'ai-i.:-n, CiidHGE H.. K.E., is with the 
t'liattanouga Medicine Company, .St. Klino 
Station, Chattanooga, Tennessee. He re- 
cently moved to Riverview, Chatanooga, 


KoKIIMtR, AleX.\NUKR Hh.NKV, .M.K., i> 

a Development Engineer for the Teletype 
Corp., li(JO Wrightwood Avenue, Chicago, 
and now resides at -124- Fairview .\venue, 
I'ark Hidge, Illinois. 


CcKRix, Jamks. C.E., is employed .i 
\"illagc Hall, Western .Springs, Illinol: 
His home address is loSb I. awn .\venui 
Western Springs, Illinois. 


^'orXOBKRO, Harhv \ 

living at :JUt Hillside 
New .lersev. 

C.E.. is now 
cnlle, Nlltlev, 


.SciiOMMKR, Jonx J., Ch.E., I'rofessor of 
Industrial Chemistry, Director of Place- 
ment and Director of Physical Education 
at Illinois Institute of Technology, is now- 
residing at 121 Melrose Avenue, Chicago. 


BlRXH.VM. Clikforu I.IsTOX, E.E., whci 
is President of Pal-Verd, Inc., 20 North 
Waeker Drive, Chicago, is also Colonel, 
Field Artillerv Reserve, Commanding 
Kl+th F..\. 


On countless tough jobs 
GATKE Fabric Bearing Perform- 
ance approaches the incredible. 
Twenty times longer service. 
65% reduction in friction. 
Successful operation where 
adequate lubrication of metal 
bearings is impossible — and 
under shock loads that fatigue 
metal bearings. Journal scoring 

GATKE Bearing accomplish- 
ments are no more phenomenal 
than the bearings themselves. 
There is no other bearing like 
them. They afford wonderful 
opportunity for improvement 
that every man who operates, 
designs, or makes machinery 
should know about. 
Write for literature. 

Sojlkev'.^'.','^ liearJHjq A 


J 1 long expe- 

and skill in developing 
and manufacturing parts like 
these, to accomplish the re- 
sults you are after in those 
various design and production 

M • D • H ubbard S pring C ompany 

263 Central Ave.. Pontiac. Mich. 



t HAM. n.Mi.N A.. l.K.. is tl.r ,.«n.-r 
i>f till- Hardware I'lunihing and Heating 
Cii.. Siiiitli SiiiiiN C'itv, Nebraska. 

HimiARi). I.i.wis Kdwi.v. M.K.. is em- 
ployed 1)V CarliDnite Metal Coni|iaM\ as 
Safes Engineer. 2-'i \V. North Hank Drive. 
t'hieago. He is now residing at liiTls S. 
t'liureli Street. Chicago. 


CoNWAV. Kbank .losKl'll. I'M'.K.. is a 
l'l)iing Kngineer for the farrier Constnie- 
tioM Coriioration. .Merchandise Mart. Chi- 
cago. His home is 71.') .\sliland .\venue. 
Itiver Korest. Illinois. 

Kri.A. .Ittsri'ii .Stan isi.\rs, K.P.I-'... is 
with Marsh and M.-l Hit W. .lack- 
son Blvd.. Chicago. He is now living .it 
r,li.m Ni-va .\venne. Chic.i:;o. 


Hii.iixuKH. Oka -Mikii. K.K.. is Man- 
ager of Tra[ist'ornicr Sales of the line 
-Material Coni|..inv .if /.aiiesv ille. Ohio. 
He is residinjr .it':!! liiillitt Park I' 
ISexlcy. Ohio. 


Ci.AHK. Ci.AHixd: Bk.nso.n. Ch.E., em 
))loyed with the Corn Products Ketining 
Coinpanv of .\rgo. lllitniis, has recentl> 
moved to S Washington .\venue. nowners 
Clove. Illinois. 


Da.nhikth. S. CiiisTKK. .\rch.. is in 
l>nsiin-ss for himself at I'll West Wacker 
Drive, Chicago. He lives at 422 \"ine 
.\venne. Park Kidge. Illinois. 


Nkdved. RiiHiivu .IvMKs. .\rcli.. is an 
.\rchitect for V. S. HousinL' .\nthoritv. 
I()13 Riggs Place. N. W.. Washingtoii. 
n. C. He has recently moved to t:il!l 
2nd Road, No., Arlington, Virginia. 

Zemkl. .\rtih r William. .M.E.. is 
proud to announce the arrival on Se|item- 
her Jfith. llUn. of .in i-ight pound haliy 
girl at the /.emke household. The family 
is now living in their own home at .'il(i!i 
N. TTth Court. Klmwood Park. Illinois. 


Davis. .Vllrku .\., Ch.E., is with the 
Thomas Moulding Floor Company. 1().5 \V. 
Wacker Drive, ChicagiL He has recently 
moved to 4-.')4.5 Heacon .Street, Chicago. 

(ioonxow. EnwARi) .\xthoxy. E.E.. is 
emploved with the Dearhorn Chemical 
Co., a't :iIO S. .\veniie. Cliica;;ii. 
He is now living at TTliM N. Ilerniitagc 
.Avenue, Chicago. 


Coi.HV. DoSAiii C.. K.E.. who is a I.iil.ri- 
eation Engineer for the Texas Conijian\ . 
■i»'>2 Archer .\venue, ha.s recentiv moved 
to (>T.n .TefTerv Avenue, Cliicairo. ' He was 
admitted to practice law in Deeeinlier. 

(ioLT>STi:iN. .^1.I^.. is President 
of the Power Construction Cmnpain. 2I_' 
.S. .Marion. Oak Park, Illinois. He has 
recently moved to 91-5 .\shland Avenue. 
Wilmette. Illinois. 

.hssL.v. Roy PAri,. M.E.. wa.s recently 
aii|iointed S|)eeial .\gent for the I'ircman's 
Fund Insurance Cos. for Detroit and 
Wavne County. 

LVc.vs, .Iost;i-n V.. M.E.. who is .Vssist.iiit 
.Suiu-rintendenl of the Special Hazard 
Department of Hartford Eire Insurance 
Company, 110 N. Michigan .\venue. Clii- 
<-ago, is now living at HVH) Calumet 
.\venne. Chicago. 


Blnm 1 I. PiKcivvi .\.. E.E.. is emploved 
with the Pul.lic Service Company ' of 

Norliierii Illinois, l.-)!)tli & Eisk Streets, 
ll.irvey, Illinois. He ha.s recently changed 
his aiidress to (iOS .ird .\venue. Joliet. 

( ooi'LH. .Maillami IIl.nrv. E.P.K., is in 
the insurance and real estate busi- 
ness for himself at 20."> Second .\veiiue. 
Ottaw.i, Illinois, and still resides ,it .'riL'T 
E.isl Prospect .\veiiue, Ottawa., ALLX.yxnLH I., .M.E., is Vice- 
President of the Precision Scientific Com- 
pany of Chicago. He is staying at the 
tiraemere Hotel, Chicago. 

RiciiAHiiso.v, DoxALn E., E.E., who is 
.\ssociate Professor of Electrical Engi- 
neeriiiL' at Illinois Institute of Technology, 
lias inoM-d to slKi Chaniplain .\ venue, 

.SisTAK. KiiWAKn. h.P.E., is now working 
for the Missouri Ins|ieetioii Hiireau as 
Eire Insurance Inspector, Pi.'5ll I'ierce 
Bhlg., St. Isolds, Missouri. His residence 
is 7(1(10 Stanford, St. I.ouis. .Mo. 

TiioLLKLKL, I oris C.. E.P.E., who is 
with the Norwich I'liion Eire Insurance 
.Society, Ltd., 17.5 \V. .laekson Blvd.. Chi- 
eai;o, is now living at 1501 Central .Vvenue. 


( ins. HiKBiHT II.. E.E.. has been 
working as an engineer for the Hygrade 
.Svlvaiiia Corporation, l.oring .\venue, 
Salem, Mass. He is residing at :!7 Lafay- 
ette Place, Salem, .Mass. 

Nkhved. Euzabeth Kiaibaii. .\rcli., who 
is a Water Colorist and Architect, is now- 
living at Wl!l Jnd lid.. No., .\rlington. 


Dn.N. WiiiiA.M .\.. .Ir.. E.E.. who is 

,111 Electrical Kngineer for the Bowman 
Dairy Co.. IKi W. Ontario St.. Chicago, 
still lives at :il(i N. .Mayfield .\venue. Chi- 


Brow.n, WAi.riK 1 .. E.P.E.. is .Manager 
of the L'nion Mutual Life Insurance Coiii- 
Jiany of Portland. .Maine, HI W. Wash- 
ington Street, Chicago, and is living at 
7.">1.5 S. Calumet .\venue. Chicago. 

.Iaxek. .Iohx. M.E., who is an Engineer 
with Swift & Company, ;i.W7 S. Michigan 
.Vvenue, Chicago, is now making hi.s home 
at 71.5(1 Clyde Avenue. 

M.I.LKAX. Cn.vHi.Fs N., .Jr., F.P.E., who 
is .State Agent for the Insurance Comjianv 
of North .\meriea. located at 1.52.5 Carew 
Tower, Cincinnati, Ohio, resides at 15H 
Te.ikwood -Vvenue, Cincinnati. 

Osoooi), Richard O., E.P.E., is now- 
Resident Manager for the Insurance Com- 
|i,inv of North .\nierii-a. and is in charge 
of the territory scrMil li\ its Chicago 


Hails. Rrhaiui II vrio . (.K.. who is 
.■iiiployed by the Slaiuhird Oil Coiniiaiiy 
.IS Division Engineer, is now residing at 
.507 Corni-li.i Street, .loliet. Illinois. 

Ulko, Hkkhkht O.. Ch.E.. has recently 
eiilereil into business for hiiiisilf. and now 
resides at .''M2H Blackstonc .Vvenue. Chi- 

DlBoIBCK. (i. I'.ARL. C.E.. wlio IS a 
.Junior Engineer in the Construction Divi- 
sion of the City of ChicaL'o, 7!Hh & Lake, lives' at .'2.57 N. Kcys|,,iie .Vve- 
nue, Chicago. 

EvKX. -loiix Thiodohl. !•". p. !•'.., was 
reeenth transferred to the Cincinnati ottii-e 
of the'Eiremen's Eiiiid with otlices in the 
Krederick Schmidt Building. His duties 
will he to assist agents of the Southern 
Ohio area along production lines. 

IIk.vhv. .Vkthir Wiii.iA.M .Ik.. E.P.E., 
has chanL'i'd his address to 1.5!IS5 Wood- 
l.inil Drive, Dearborn. Michigan. 

KKu;tn:R. Hahkv E.P.E., is with 
the Ohio Inspection Bureau. Wil E. Broad 
St.. Columbus. Ohio. He has recently 
moved to 1755 \V\ andotte Place, Cohini- 

bus. Ohio. 

Pakklk. Kixr IlA.MM.nix, F.P.E., is 
.Vctiiarv for the Western Vctuarial Bu- 
re.iu, RiHun !M)(1, 222 W. .Vdams Street, 
Chicago. He resides at 7.5!» Burr .Vvenue, 
Winnetka, Illinois. 

Tri.LV. .Vi.Ax C, C.E., recently returned 
to the I'nited States from Australia, 
writes to the Alumni F'.ditor from 120 W. 
Second Street, Dayton. Ohio: 

"By searching \our ri-cords. von will 1 
prolKiblv recall tha't since 19:ii I have l)ern i 
located in .Melbourne. .Vnstralia. where I 
reliresented the F'.thyl C.asoline Coriiora- 
tion in and the Ear East. 

"In .May of Ibis year I scrambled li.<iek i 
to the good old United States and have re- I 
Joined the domestic eom|iany (as .Vssist- 
ant Division .Manager). It seems very 
good to get back to this country after ail ' 
these years and especially so since the 
European war has so badiv distorted all | 
the Outside World. 

".My puriiose in writing you i.s mainly 
to request that you mail my co])y of the 
Armour Ahuiiiins to me at the above 
address. If any of the .\rmour graduates 
visit Dayton, I would certainly be glad 
to see them, especially those of 1928 



General Foreman of the Plastics Division 
of the Brunswick-Balke-CoIIender Com- 
pany of Muskegon, Michigan. 

SinBixo. Ci-ynKE L., C.E.. is .Assistant 
Factory .Accountant for the Brunswick- 
Balke-Collender Company of Muskegon, 
Michigan. He is living' .it 915 Ireland 
Vvenue. .Muskegim. 


iJAUnM.N Dwu) Cahi.iton. F.P.E.. who 
is a Production Engineer for the Royal- 
Liverpool (iroup of Fire Insurance Cos., 
resides at 2121 North Springfield .Avenue, 
ChicagiL He is married and has one 

BKCiiroin. .lostiMi -A.. E.P.E., who is a 
Fire Survey Engineer for the Travelers 
Eire Ins. Co., has recently moved to :{298 
.Milverton Road, Shaker Heights, Ohio. 

Bkkc, Mklvix Chester. F.P.E., is ; 
Insiiector for the Michigan Insjicction 
Bureau. KIOIl Barium Tower, Detroit, He has recently changed his 
residence to 2-58 Calvin. Detroit, Mich. 

Ciu.N. Ei.Mi ND H., C.E.. .Assistant 
Civil Engineer in the V. S. Engineer's 
Otiice at Ca<ldoa, Colo., resides at 307 S. 
9th Street, Lamar, Colorado. 

.McKixxii. Wii.i.iA.M Pal.mer. M.E.. is 
Pro'iect Engineer of the Ciirtiss .Aero- 
l.laiie Division of Curliss-Wright Corpora- 
tion. Kenniore and Vulcan. ButT.ilo. New- 
York. His residence is 295 I oiivaine 
Drive. Kenniore, New York. 


HoRHowiiMi. .loiix Fkei). .M.E., is now 
coiiiiected with the .Vrmv Ordnance Dept.. 
at :!09 W. .I.ickson Blvd., (.•hicago. .After 
leaving .Armour, Fred attended M.I.T., 
where he received the master's degree. 
He then joined the consulting engineering 
linn of Coverdale and Colpitfs in New 
York City. His home address is 72t2 
Crandon .Vvi'iuic. ChiciiL'o. 

Dexmno. Win ARi) Scon. M.E.. is 
Industrial Engineer for Montgomery 
Ward and Coinp.uiy in Chicago ,ind is 
living in I aCir.ingc. Illinois. 

.Iames. Fraxk Marshal!. |-'.P.F... has 
rcsiL'ne<l his |>ositioii with the Firemen's 
(;i-oii|i of Eire Insuraiice Cos. to enter tlie 


local agency business in Lexington, Ken- 

McArdlk, Thomas O'Habi:, L'.K.. is miw 
eniployed as Industrial Engineer witli 
Lockheed Aircraft Co. of Burliank, Cali- 
fornia. His residence is 1301 Keiloiulo 
Boulevard, Los Angeles, California. 


Bebger, Max, Ch.E., has been teacliiriL' 
for the past two years at Morrill .Sclnpol 
for Crippled Children, -5923 Magnolia 
Street, Chicago. 

Rrhter. Hahry Pah,. C.E., recently 
spent more than four weeks in the Little 
Company of Mary Hospital in Evergreen 
Park, where a major operation was per- 
formed. He is in charge of the Real 
Estate Department in the Middle West 
for Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation, 
208 S. La Salle Street, Chicago. His 
residence is L')3!) West H3rd Street, Chi- 


Ai.Tsiini.r.H. Martix, .\rih.. has rc-rently 
changed liis address to 2+21 .Marwiii .\vc- 
nue, Los Angeles, California. 

Belforu. Robert Oitawa. F.P.E., wlin 
is a State Agent for the Pacific Xational 
Ins. Co., is now residing at 3303 Park 
Avenue, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

Berghni). GrxxER E., F.P.E., was 
married on .Inly 27, 1940, to Margaret 
Olson in CMiicago. He is a consultant 
with the Ciiicago Board of Underwriters 
and resides at 3TIS Pinegrove .Vvenue, 

Brsii. Frank I.., .\rcb., was ni.irried 

on October .itli. 19K1, to Evelyn L. Dhordt. 

Their residence is in I,ake Forest, Illinois. 

Busli is em|)loyed as a Machine Tool 

Designer and Engineer for the Illinois Tool 

Works, 2.501 N. Keeler .\venue. Ciiicago. 

CoRnES. Emmett I.., Ch.E., is Service 

, Engineer for the International Filter 

Company, 32.1 W. 2.5tb Place, Chicago. 

' He is traveling extensively in the niiddle- 

; west in connection with the servicing of 

i water jnirification jilants and sewage dis- 

I posal plants. His home is at B0.5 E. .SOth 

: Street, Chicago. 

I Davies. Wii.KREn W., Arch., is .\ssistant 
; Sujjcrintendent of Engineering Research 
at United Air Lines Transport Cor))., 
.59.59 S. Cicero .\venue, Chicago, and is 
living at 41+7 X. Mozart .\venue, Chicago. 
Hanhahan. CIeohoe ¥j., C.E., has changed 
his l)lacc of residence to 2.S I.angley 
Avenue, Highland Park, Portsmouth, Vir- 

HuESWiT, W'li.i.iAM Henry .Ir.. E.E., 
who is Physicist, liiiteil States Rubber 
Company, (iCOO E. .lefferson, Detroit, 
Michigan, is married and lias a son, Rich- 
ard, who is eighteen montlis old. His 
residence Is .5243 Devonshire. Detroit. 

MiEHAX. Robert Francis. M.E., i'- 
eniployed by ('(unmonwealtb Kdison Coni- 
paiiv as a Boiler Operator. He is living 
at i'i:).)2 S. Francisco .\venue, Chicago. 

Ni Tsox. Ci-iKKORi) .v., F.P.E., is Special 
.\i:iiit for the Home Insurance Company 
C.I New York, 2380 Peni>bscot Bldg., Dt-- Michi-an. He has recentiv moved 
to 13220 Cberrvlawn .\venue. Detroit. 

I'liiE. Stanley E., .M.K., who is ,i 
lir^ident Engineer for the Liberty Mutual 
Insurance Coni))anv, 1.30 E. Wasbiii'jton 
Street, Indianapolis, Iiuliana, lives at t.i? 
K. :iS|li Street. Indi.-maiuilis. 


l!|HS,.N. WiiiuM \V., CIl.L.. uhn is 
\'ice-l'rcsi,l,nl and Celieral ManaL'cr of 
Hates I .ilMir.itoiies, Inc.. 3.'> 42 \. Cl.irk 
St.. resides ,it Iil2 Surf Street, Chie.iL'o. 


Five \cars ago pH a Laboratory lerni. tod.n its impor- 
tance is fully recognized industrially and live years hence it 
will be considered a vital necessity in all process industries. 
The Cambridge pH Meter employs an Electron-Ray tube in 
place of a galvanometer as null-point indicator. Accurate 
and easy to read, it is practically immune to damage from 
mis-manipulation. Operating directly from the line, this 
instrument may be turned on all day, ready for instant use. 
Sensitive to .005 pH. 


Moisture Indicators and Recorders Physical Testing Instruments 

Surface Pyrometers Laboratory Insts. for A.C. and D.C. 

Galvanometers Enpineermg Instruments 

Gas Analysis Equipment Physiological Instruments 

and other Mechanical and Instruments 



3732 Grand Central Terminal New York Cit\ 


CiiAjiuji K . I)(»NAiji N., i^.h'.., has moved 
to 10921- S. State Street. Chicago. 

KoKo. Fha.nk \\ lELiA.M. C.F.., is eni- 
jiloyed as Furnace Practicemaii for the 
Carnegie Illiiu)is Steel Co., 342ii K. S9th 
Street, Chicago. He is now lixiiig at 1722 
E. 8.3tli Place, Chicago. 

Koi.vE. Irving .\ .M.K., is now living 
at 1)4.5.5 Wabansi.-i .\venue, Chicago. 

.Sherjieh. Cahi, 1.., C.F,., has recently 
moved to 2tl4 \. Spaiilding .\venue, Chi- 

Tamnev, .1. i'.invAio.. K.i:.. is ii..» 
m.iking his linnic .it .^51 N. Uidiicwav. 


Hisi.ii , IIk.ii a., K.F... is a .Motor 
Inspector lor the 'S'oungstown Sheet cS; 
Tube Coin|i;ui.\, Indiana Harbor. Iiuliana. 
He has recently changed bis residence to 
7714 Forest Avenue, Hammond, Indiana. 

.loNES. Tiio.AiAs Franc:, .M.F... has re- 
cently moved to III Barcl.iy Avenue, 
I'liisbing, Long Island. 

PE-rRAiris, .\i.iiERT, I'..!'... is working for 
his Master's Degree .it California Insti- 
tute of Technology. Pas.idcna, California. 

.Sc. iiMiirr. EiiwARn W'Ai.riai. Ch.E., is with 
the Link Belt Company. 18th anil Wcst- 
iTii .\vcniic. Chicago, and is now making 
his residence ;it USUI Perry . Vvenue. Clii- 

Si will. II uioin II.. \rch.. ix liluiiii- 
iiatiliLT Kiigiiiecr ,ilul I ectiinr tor the 
Cliic.iL'o LiL'htinir ln-.tilute. Hoom 3iioii. 20 
\. NV.ieker Drive, CbiciL'o. He has 

recentiv iiiomvI to 20s S. Kostncr Av.auie. 

4'iE.NsoN. .\iiviii. Ch.F.., is a .Mechanic 
for the Drving Systems, Inc., at ISOO 
Foster Stret'-I. Chicago, and is livin:.' at 
i:i3l N. Wolcott Avenue. Chicago. 


Hm.m o,,,, .l.iMPii W.. Anil., u.i- mar- 
ried oil Sc|.|,-iiiImt I t. 191(1. lie .iiid his 
bride drove to llu' west coast on tlieir 
lioneviiioon. lie is .11, .\rcliitectural 
DesigiuT for llic l)c|,.irtiuenl of Public 
Works in Cliie.igii, and resides at .5S to 
\V. Fillmore Street. Chicago. 

BoR-aiG. P., K.F., is with Belt, 
Wallace & Cannini, Patent Attorneys, I N. 
La Salle Street. Chicago. He was inarried 
on .liiiie 29lli. 1910. and is living .it 721.5 
\iiieeniies .\veiine. Cbicigo, 

BoriiwEii. RoHERT IL, F..K., is in his 
third year at the Northern Baptist Thco- 
lo-icai Seminarv in Chicago. He expects 
to receive his 15.1). ilegree in .May. 1941. 
His home residence is 2057 .Summerdnle 
.\veniie, Chicago. 

Davis. .Iohn B., F'.P.F.., who is an Kngi- 
neer for the Insuriuice Co. of North 
.\ineric,i, located at 209 W. .laekson 
Boulevaril. Chicago, is livini: .it 9IH Linden 
.\venne, Winnctka, Illinois. 

Doi i.EN.MAiEH, Harry Hay.monii, I'.. I'... is 
now connected with the Chicago Itawhide 
ami Leather Co., 1301 N. Elston .\veniie, 
Ciiicago. .is a S.iles Engineer. He has 
recentiv moved to 133 1 incoln .\veniie, 
I.ibertOville, Illinois. 


KsAis, RoiHJKR Goi-rFHil). E.K... is riii- 
plovcd 1)V till" General Klectrie C'(iiiiI>aM> 
,il' " Schenectailv. New York, ami lia- 
reeentlv iiKiveii to is Tniy I'laee. S.-I.e 
iieetadv. N. V. 

LiNi'iiN, .liiiiN Ei)\vAKi>. C'.K.. is a Civil 
i:iii;iiieer with Charles D<- I.eiiw CiiiiiliaiiN . 
.'(I N. \\a<ker Drive. Chicapn. He is ni>w 
livii.L' at M:i") Kills Avenue. Chieaiiii. 


C vKHdi.i.. Kknneth rRi.Diitic , M.l'... lias 
ehanired his address to 23 Kni>wltciii Ave 
nue. Keniiiore, New York. 


is a Draftsman with the Charles Del euw 
iSc Comi>anv. -'d N. Waeker Drive. Chi- 
(■.acii. lie "has recently moved to t^VT .S. 
Winehester Avenue. Chieajro. 

Dkverkaix, Haymosi) J., Eng. .So., is 
an hulustrial .\rts Teacher, Chieafio Board 
oC Kdueation, 1820 \V. Yeaton Street. His 
home address is 7727 South Shore Drive. 

Ki.KissNKH. Anton (inoiioi:. M.E.. is em- 
nloved as .lunior Desiurnin}.' Engineer for 
the' Hvdraulie Controls. Inc.. at HI W. 
Monroe Street. Chicago. His home is at 
lilH Washington Boulevard. Chicago. 

McCahty. Carroi.i. .1.. C.E.. who has heen 
a .lunior Engineer in tlie Illinois Highw.iy 
l)e|it.. has heen awarded a Fellowsliip in 
the Bureau ftir Street Traffic Heseareh in 
Yale University for the |ire-ent academic 

.SlUKlS. CUAKI.KS .roSKI'H. Ch.F... F.l'.E.. 

"Kl, is now with the Kentucky Actuarial 
Bureau. Starks Bldg.. l.imisvilie. Ky. His 
Chicago address is Uir,'.t .lackson Binile- 


Anukkws. Khki) Woodrow. C.E.. is now 
in partnership with his father, a Cieiieral 
Contractor located at ■5()()(l N. Kedzie 
Avenue, Chicago. He is still residing at 
2314 Morse Avenue, Chicago. 

BonxAH. Hfnry .Jons, Ch.E.. who is 
now in business for himself at 1 UI23 
.South Halsted Street. Chicago, still 
resides at 711) \V. llSth Street, Chicago. Thomas Mortimkr. Ch.E., has 
moved to 802 Amarillo, Abilene. Texas. 

Hannkman. Frank T.. M.E., is Me- 
chanical Engineer for the Paasche Air- 
brush (dnipanv at IdOO W. Diversey 
.\venue, Chicago. His home is at ll-'l 
.Sherwin .\venue. Chicago. 

SiiEEiiAN, James D.. F.P.E.. is Fire 
Insurance Ins]iector for the Kansas In- 
spection Bureau, 7111 .lackson Street. 
Topeka, Kansas. He resides at XU Van 
Buren. Topeka. Kansas. 


Be, .IKE. .losi.eii I'.. C.K.. moved l.i 
1703 N. Mowirt Street. Chicago. 

Caresos. Ernest C. C.E., is emjiloyed 
as Draftsman for the I'age Engineering 
Companv located in Clearing. Illinois. He 
is living at 11-2+ N. Leamington. Chicago. 

CirAUERTO.N. .Itl.lAN CiTIIHKHT. C.E.. is 

employed by llerlihy Mid-Continent Com- 
panv. "l to .S. Dearborn, as an Estimator. 
His' home address is 1702 North Winches- 
ter, Chicago. 

EvANoEE, SriiMiiN, .111., Cli.F.. is now 

with the Dul'ont I)e Ne iirs Co.. 21110 

Elston Avenue. Chicago, as a Clieinist and 
Chemical Isngineer. He is residing .it 2.")ni 
S. Spaulding .\vemie. Chicago. 

Feet. W inchest :r G.. E.E.. is now a 
laboratory Assistant for Kock-Ola Mfg. 
Co.. KOO N. Kedzie .\venue. Chicago. His 
home address is I22li W. .fackson Boule- 
vard. Chicago. 

/.AHKM. .\.. E.F... is teaching assisl.inl in 
Electrical Engineering at C.difonii.i Insti 
tute of Technology, 1201 F. California 
Street, Pasadena, Californi.i. 


Tlir followiiifi census jjivcs ;i ciini- 
pl.ti listini; of tile graduatinj; class 
of 1!U(), the companies by wliicli tlicsc 
men arc imi)loyf<i, together witii their 
lionic addresses and liome tcliphone 
numhers. .Members of the class arc 
urged to advise the .\lumni Office as 
soon ;is clianges in ])Osition or home 
■ iddrcss .-ire made. I'ersonal informa- 
tion for use in future issues of the 
Kiif/iticir .llininiiix should be .-id- 
dressed to the .Uuimii Kilitor. 

-Vhhaiia.mson. BoKKRf. .\1.F... Sunbeam 
IleatiiiL' and .\ir Conditioning Conip.iny. 
1717 .South Canal Street. Chicago. Canal 
1021. Home: 1()24 Farwell .\venue. Chi- 
cago, SHE ()H!)2. 

Aeter. Frank Jceian, F.P.E.. .Missouri 
Inspection Bureau. Pierce Bldg.. St. I.ouis. 
.Missouri. For mail: 1700 Washington 
.\venue, Wilmette, Illinois. 

.\ni)Erson. Fix>yi) FaxjAR. E.E.. Carnegie- 
Illinois Steel Companv, 3+2(i E. 89th Street, 
Chicago, South Chicago 1000. Home: 111 I 
North .\ustin Boulevard, Oak Park. 

Avc.ERENOs, H.vRRY G., Ch.E. Home: 
.3018 West Quincy Street, Chicago. 

Balis, Moorjjan Kanuaee, M.F",., Bendi\ 
.Vviation Corporation, .\ircraft Engineer- 
ing Division, .South Bend, Indiana. For 
mail: 1000 Grove Street, Evanston, Illi- 

Baesewuk. .loiiN CiiAKEEs, C.E.. State 
llighwax De)it., Division of Public Works 
and Highwavs, 3.3 East Waeker Drive, 
Chicago. Home: 718 West 31st Street, 

Bartisek, Robert .Ta.mes, M.E., .\rmour 
Research Foundation, 3300 Federal Street, 
Chicago. Home: 2537 South Drake Ave- 
nue. Chicago. 

Basic. F:rnest. E.E.. Russell Electric 
Companv. 310 West Huron Street, Chi- 
cago, Si'P 971.0. Home: 2117 South (ilst 
Court, Cicero, Illinois, Cicero 2.510 R. 

Benz, .Ioseph James. F'.F^., Carnegie- 
Illinois Steel Company, 3+21) E. 89th Street. 
Chicago. Illinois, South Chicago WOO. 
Home: 7822 Essex .\venue, Chicago. 

Bioos. Casimir Eicien. Ch.E., Bastian 
Blessing, 210 F.. Ontario Street, Chicago, 
SI'P 70110. Home: .")123 Medill .\venue. 

Beume, I.eroy Orison, M.E., Armour and 
Company, I'. S. Y'ards, Chicago. Home: 
ii.313 Northwest Highway, Chicago. 

BoriANu, CiiARi.Es Victor, .\rch.. 
Oraftsman. Designer. A. T. Mcintosh. 1(>0 
North I.aSalle Street, Chicago, ERA 2010. 
Home: 1911 Berniee Avenue, Cliic:igo. 
l.akcview 122.3. 

Bran NICK, EmvARn Joseimi. F.P.F... Fire 
Insur:iiice Rating Bureau. Il2ii E. Wis- 
consin Avenue. Milwaukee. Wisonisin. 
For mail: Ii3.37 South \V:islitenaw Ave 
nue. Chicago. 

Byrne, Ciiarees .Ioseiii. .Ik., l^.E., Illi- 
nois Pneumatic Tool Company, .\uror:i, 
Illinois. For mail: .3111 South Cliristian.i. 

Caiuwiii. Will mm Mmcoem. Fng. .Sc. 
Carne-ie-lllinois SIcel CMlnl.anv (Metal- 
liirgvj. 3121) E. 89th Street. Chicago. 
Sout'h Chic:igo 1000. Home: 11711 M:nn 
Street. ILirvey, Illinois, H:irvey (ill. 

Ca^iras. Marvin, I-;.E., Ciraduate .\ssist- 
.iiit, .\rmour Research Foundation, ;5;M)0 
Federal Street, Chicago. Home: lOfil 
North Western .\veiiue. Chicago. 

Cannon. Hrssiii. M.E.. Babcock .iiul 

Wilcox Companv. B.irberton. Ohio. For 

ni:iil: 9:111 Soiilli Damen Av.-nue. Chicago. 

Cvriis. .I.MiN. M.K. l)n Companv. 

Wilmington, Delav*-are. For mail: 7fil ! 
Paxton .\vemie. Chicago. 

Cerovski. .Iohn George. -\rch.. .loin 
Phrommer. 927 First Trust Bldg., Ham 
mond, Indiana. Home: 2:53 West lOltl 
Place, Chicago. 

ClEVREl-ON, .Ia.MKS DoNAI.1), CH.E., I'll r 

due Iniversitv (Fellowship), I^afayetti . 
Indiana. Home: 231 Littleton, West La 
favette, Indiana. 

Ceahk, Jack .Vndrew, M.E., Intcrni 
tional Kilter Company, 32.5 W. 25th Place. 
Chicago. Home: .5o'51 Berwyn .Xvenio. 

Cohen. Jacob Irving. E.E., Belson 
.M:inufacturing Comjiany. 800 S. Adi 
Street. Chicago, IL\Y 8-i«+. Home: 1231 
South .\vers Avenue, Chicago. 

Coi.EiNs. Waet-er Scott, M.V... G. S 
Blakleslee & Companv, 1844 .52nd Ave- 
nue, Cicero, Illinois. Home: .3<):«) North 
Moody Avenue, Chicago, PAL 94A2. 

CoEEopv. Robert John. Ch.E. Home: 
212 North Kenneth Avenue, Chicago. 

CoNSTAN, Peti:r IxJiis, M.E. Home: 
4715 North Trov Street, Chicago. 

Dahu WALreii Leroy, F.P.E., Iowa In- 
surance .Service Bureau, Insurance Ex- 
change Bldg., Des Moines, Iowa. For mail: 
7317 Rhodes .\venue, Chicago. 

Dahijn, Harold Joh.v. M.F^., Carnegie- 
Illinois Steel Company (Maintenance 
Dept.), :^42e East 89th' Street. Chicago, 
.South Chicago 4000. Home: 6709 North 
Washtenaw Avenue, Chicago. 

Damm, Ghifeitii Elmer, E.E., Chicago 
Board of L'nderwriters, 175 West Jackson 
Blvd., Chicago, W.\B 4151. Home: 6119 
Grace Street, Chicago. 

Danforth, George Edward, .\reh., Illi- 
nois Institute of Technology (Graduate 
Student in School of Architecture), 3300 
Federal Street. Chicago. Home: .58 East 
Elm Street, Chicago, DEL 7417. 

Dement, Ci.ayton Warren, F'.P.E., 
Illinois Inspection Bureau. 309 West Jack- 
son Blvd.. Chicago. Home: 66:J4 South 
Michigan .\venue. Chicago. 

DicKERiiiKiF. Oliver Newton, M.E., 
Danlv Machine Siiecialties, 2104 South 
52nd" Avenue, Cicero, Illinois, LAW 7414). 
Home: 78^12 South Michigan Avenue. Chi- 
cago, YIN 9457. 

DnoLiTTLE. Harold A., Ch.E., Rand. Me- 
Xallv & Companv. 536 South Clark Street, 
Chicago. WAB 0363. Home: .5812 .South 
Fulton Street, Chicago, COL 6499. 

DrxCAN, James Winston, Ch.F"., Inland 
Steel Companv, 38 South Clark Street, 
Chicago. Home: 8040 Ogleshy .\venue, 
Chicago, REG 3076. 

DziKowsKi, Irvin ,Ioiin, Ch.E., Ameri- 
can Maize Products Company, Chicago. 
Home: 3100 West Diversey .\venue. Chi- 

F'.Gc.ERs. John Gkihg . F.P.IC. Kentucky 
Vctuarial Bureau. 910 Starks Bldg.. Louis- 
ville. Kcntii.-ky. Home: 118 West Orin.sby 
Street. Louisville. Kentucky. 

EuiKNsON. Leonard, C.F... Illinois State: 
llighwav Department. Springlield. Illin-| 
nois. For mail: 110(i Glcnlake Street,! 
Chicago. , 

Ellin. Frederick I.. E.E., Miehle Print-j 
ing and Mfg. Company (Training Di-j 
vision. West 11th Street & South Damen,! 
Chicago). Home: 3151 West 16th Street.] 
Chicago. CRA 7725. I 

Ei'siKiN. Leon Simi-son. M.E., Ilg 
\'entilating Company, 2850 North Pulaski' 
Road, Chicago, KIl. 1520. Himie: 238; 
North Pine .\ venue, Chicago, ATS .3690. 
F.RisMAN, Ralph Jam<s, M.F'.., .\rmoiir 
Research Foundation. .3300 Federal Street. 1 
Chicago. Home: 632 Avenue. Oak| 
Park. Illinois. 

Kl 10, Charles Robert. M.F.. Glenn L.| 
.Martin Companv, Baltimore. .Maryland. 
I'or mail: 2924 C/reenleaf .\venue. Chicago.' 


Fahey, James Martin, Ch.E., Uni- 
■ersitv of Chicago, (Fellowship) Institute 
if Meteorologj-, Chicago. Home: 6230 
rernon Avenue, Chicago. 

Fatlkxer. Alfred Hughes, E.E., Auto- 
natic Electric Company, 1019 West Van 
Juren, Chicago, HAY "+:300. Home: lol 
sorth Central Avenue. Chicago. ACS 

FiEBiG. JoHX Cl.*jiexce, C.E., Illinois 
itate Highway Dept., Springfield, Illinois, 
'or mail: I8+64. Martin Street, Home- 
lood, Illinois. 

FiRAXT, Edgar Robert, Arch., A. F. 
ieino. Architect, Morgan Park, Illinois, 
iome: 630 West 61st Street, Chicago 

Flood, Jasies Gregory, Ch.E., Walter H. 
■"lood & Company, 822 E. +2nd Chicago, 
VYl. 0011. Home: 932 East 44th Street. 

KoRsHERG, Carl Otto, Ch.E. Home: 103O 
^ull Terrace. Evanston, Illinois. 

Foss, Pail Howard. Ch.E.. Carnegie- 
llinois Steel Company, :3426 E. 89tli 
Itreet. Chicago, South Chicago 4000. 
lome: 4-929 Montana Street. Chicago. 

Foster Earl Eigexe, Ch.E., Armour & 
'ompanv, V. S. Yards. Chicago. Home: 
7863 Giittschalk Avenue, Homewood, Illi- 

Fosti;r. Robert Tames, Ch.E. Home: 
libley Boulevard. Dolton, Illinois. 

Fox. ,Tonx- Jay. Jr.. Arch.. Chicago 
ioard of Education. Home: 92.50 South 
)anien Avenue. Chicago. 

Fraxcoxe. Edmix'd Arnold, M.E., Illi- 
ois Tool Works, 2.501 North Keeler, Chi- 
ago. Home: 6931 South Hermitage 
ivenue, Chicago. REP 6047. 

Frost. George Edward. E.E.. Delta Star 
ilectrical Company, 24:37 W. Fulton 
Itreet. Chicago. SEE .3200. Home: 726 
s'orth Kenilworth Avenue, Oak Park, Illi- 

Gaebij:b, George Frederick, M.E., Glenn 
,. Martin Company. Baltimore, Maryland, 
•"or mail: 8.537 South Bishop Street, Chi- 

Gai^\x-dak, ArorsT. M.E.. R. S. Rainey. 
[750 West Roosevelt Road. Chicago. AUS 
'l80. Home: 2801 South St. Louis Ave- 
ue. Chicago. 

Gextlemex", William James, Jr., M.E.. 
)anly Machine Specialties, 2104 South 
2nd Avenue. Cicero, Illinois. Home: 7918 

angley Avenue, Chicago, 
i Gerhardt, Johx- Raxdolph. Eng. >Sc.. 
Vrmour & Company. Industrial Engineer- 
ig Dept.. U. S. Yards. Home: 54" N'orth 
'aylor Avenue. Oak Park. Illinois. 

GoLuszKA, Walter Edward. Jr.. C.E.. 
llinoi.s State Highway Dept.. Sprinir Val- 

y, Illinois. For mai'l: 2001 West Culler- 
m. Street, Chicago. 

Gromack. Theodore. M.E.. U. S. Gov- 
rnment. Rock Island Arsenal. Rock 
sland, Illinois. For mail: 10317 South 

nion Avenue, Chicago. 

Grfca, Edw.^hd F^.ter, Ch.E.. Inland 
Lubber Company, 146 West 27th Street, 

hicago. VIC 8444-. Home: 4200 North 
IcVicker Street, Chicago, PEN" SH32. 

Grlxwaij). Robert Fred, E.E., Illinois 

ell Telephone Company, 212 West Wash- 
igton Street. Chicago. OFF 9300. Home: 
14 Marion Street. Oak Park. Illinois. 

Haxxa. George: Parker, ,Tr.. C.E.. New 

ork University, College of Engineering 
Fellowship), University Heights. New 

ork City. For mail: 6409 DreNel .\ve- 
ue. Chicago. 

Hax'sex. .-^RTHtR Graxt. Jr.. M.E., Chi- 

igo Board of Underwriters. 173 West 

ackson, Chicago. Home: 1526 Devon 

venue, Chicago, SHE 9.384. 

Hartmax-, John- Woodrow, E.E.. Glenn 

lartin Company. Baltimore. Maryland. 

or mail: 7.502 Kingston Avenue. Chicago. 

Hassell, Verx-ox- James. F.P.E.. West- 


Available now ■with the new 
Chrome Face Line, the "Wol- 
verine" is a better steel tape 
than ever. The jet block mark- 
ings are easy to read against 
the satin-chrome surface that 
won't rust, crack, chip, or 
peeL Line Vi inch wide. See 
it at your dealers. Write for 
Free Catalog 12B. 

7M e/UFKtfl ffUL£nO- 




ern Factory Insurance Association, De- 
troit. Michigan. Home: 4052 Kendall 
Avenue. Detroit, Michigan. 

Havbebt, William Axdrew. Ch.E., Du- 
Pont Company, Toledo, Ohio. For mail: 
405 South Clifton Avenue. Park Ridirc. 

Heexax". Sidxey -Vli^vx, Ch.E.. Van 
Schaack Chemical Works, Inc., 3430 Hen- 
derson Street, Chicago, IND 0400. Home: 
2158 Jackson Boulevard, Chicago. 

Heller, Joseph T., E.E.. Service Indus- 
tries, 2025 Calumet Avenue, Chicago, VIC 
6040. Home: 4330 Greenwood Avenue. 

Herdmax, Doxald FIJ}^^), E.E.. Com- 
monwealth Edison Company. 72 West 
.\dams Street. Chicago. Home: 7-538 Michi- 
gan .Vvenue. Chicago. 

IIiMELMAYR. Fred Arthib. E.E. Home: 
Rushville, Indiana. 

HoLLE. Frederick D.. M.E.. Western- 
Austin Comjianv. 601 N. Farnsworth. 
.\urora. Illinois." .\. 87.53. Home: 10828 
Prospect .\yenue. Chicago, BE\' 4699. 

Horn. ?",dward Hexry. E.E., Cameirie- 
Illinois Steel Company, :3426 E. 89th 
Street, Chicago, South Chicago 4000. 
Home: 825 West .-Vrmitage .-Avenue, Chi- 

Hortox. William David. .\rch.. .Store 
Modernizing Service, l(i55 Milwaukee .\ve- 
nue. Chicago. Home: 11 East Pearson 
Street. Chicago. 

HiXTER. Thomas Ai.exaxder III. 

F.P.E., Western Factory Insurance Asso- 
ciation, Chicago. Hoiiie: 4642 Maiden 
Street. Chicago. 

HiTTox-, William C-vrl. .\rch.. William 
S. Hutton. 122 South Michigan .\venue. 
Chicago. Home: 25 Wildwood Roa<l. 
Hammond. Indiana. 

.Jacobs. I.oris. .Vrch. Home: 3450 Irving 
Park Road, Chicago. 

Jaedtke. GiuiERT H.VRHY-, C.E., Illinois 
State Highway Dept., Springfield, Illinois. 
For mail: 1.'3411 Greenwood Avenue. Blue 
Island. Illinois, B. I. 2279. 

Jakibowski. .\lexaxder .\ X T H O X y. 
Arch. Home: 4505 West Deming Place. 

.ToHxsox, Peter. .Ih.. E.E.. Undenvrit- 
ers" Laboratories. 209 E. Ohio Street, Chi- 
cago. Home: .3-1^25 Douglas Boulevard. 

Kahl, Walter Harry. Ch.E.. Armour 
& Cimiiiany. Industrial Engineering Divi- 
sion. I'. -S. Yards. Home: sn47" South 
Paulina Street. Chicago, BEV 7761. 

K^xLxi.v. EfGEXE .Iack. Ch.E., Chicago 
Pipeline Comi>any, Ga.s .Measurement 
Dept., 122 South Michigan .\yenue, Chi- 
cago. Home: 49:56 Parker .\ venue. Chi- 

Kazmierowkz. Constaxtixe .\x-dri;w. 
Cli.F... Chicago Extruded Met.ils Company. 
1612 South 5Hh .\venue. Cicero. Illinois. 
CR.\ 2121. Home: 1657 West t7th Street, 


Ki.AMKA. (!K(iKti>:, .M.K.. t'iir- 
l)(iliiv ('(imiianv. Inc., "ili") Wrst Washiiifr- 
toii 'Stm't, criicairo, CKN lMi:i:i. llmiu-: 
Jl'Ol Norll. l.iMif.' Avnuir, Cliiia).'.>. HKK 

KOJIN. UllllKRI S.. .M.K.. I . S. CnMIM- 

iiii-nt. Drpt.. ( )nlTiaiui- Divisii.ii, 
WashiiiL'ton. I). C. l-nr mail: TTiU Kss.-s 
Avrniif. Cliicafru. 

KiiKVimii. Wai.tkh. K.K., Swilchlioaiil 
ami .Sill)plv ('(iiii)iany. (fd'oO South t'iriTci 
Avfiuir. rii-.-rci, "lllini>is. I'OU liilllli. 
IIiiiii.-: I.-,.'T Sdiitli Marshliild Avrmi.-, 

I AS Km. I'kxnk Amis. M.K.. l...skrr<-r v'^ Kii}.'iiu-friMj: CoriMyi-atioii, ii.'nl 
Sciiith (■lik-af.n>. \ W :i7li(). HiMii.-: 
:iHI SiMitli \\i-stiTn .Vv.-mif, Cliicafro. 

I.KAsi:. HiN (IiuKHTii, M.K.. Harprr- 
\\'\iiiaii .Mfjr. {'ciiii|ianv, s.")iij \'inc<Min<-s 
.\vfimc, (■|li.■a^'o, K.XD'tTSS. H„iiic: lO.'U 
South Wood Street, lhic-.i).'o. VKU (II(i:i. 

LiaiNAKii. Fhanhs MiiiiAKi., K.K., (ar- 
nrfrii-IlllMois Str.-l foinpaiiy. Home: 77111 
\'erniin .Vveiiiii', Chleapi. 

I.KOMlAHl.l, .llllXN Ouii. II'... The 
Hallierat'ters. Iiie.. .'liil Soatli Iiidi.n.a 

Avenue, Cliieapi, CA I. HiMO. 11, ■:lslli; 

Martin .\ venue. Ilomewood, Illiiioi-.. 

I.iNntiHiiv, l,h;nov Hahhv, M.Iv Ilonie: 
1!)4.0 North Kedzie Avenue, fhieai;,.. 

1/Ibi:h, Mokto.s F.ic;nk, F.l'.K..;i 
In.speetion Mure.iii. Merchants N' 
Bank Hid-., I'errc Haute, hidi.iiia. For 
mall: llljll West Monroe Street. Cliicajio. 

Li'NDtjris'r. I ,i:sTi:n F':M\.Nr\i. F'.lv. 
F.lectro-Motiv.- Corii.. 1 ,.•.( Ir.niL'e. Illinois. 
Home: 7ii|-.' South M.irL'.ni SIn-et. Clii- 

Mackiv, Do.naij) .Iamks, C¥... Cilenn 1 . 
Martin. Baltimore. Maryland. F^or mail: 
(><l.51 S. Winchester Aveiine. Chicafro, HFI' 

Mackiv. WrijiAM FnwAHn. C'.F.. SI. 
Rita Hif;h School (Instructor), (i:nj S 
Oakley Street, fhicapo. Home: ()9.51 S. 
Winchester .\venue, Chicago, HEP lOlJ. 

Mandki.. F'rnkst .Mahvix. .\rch., Ralph 
Harris (.State Architects Office). Spring' 
field, Illinois. F^>r mail: (i.i2 Cordon Ter- 
race, ("hieafro. 

.MASiiixriH, Wtiiiam IIiiroK. .\I.h',.. 
Standard Oil of Indiana. Wliitinu'. In- 
diana. Home: .',lir>l X,,rlh Damen .\vennc. 
ChicajTo, AHI) («11. 

Mastn,.Ioiis l.rroN, Cli.F. I (i!l.-|S 
Riverside Drive, Berwyn. Illinois. 

Maxmki.i,, 1{oh:rt, .In., F.I'.F.., 
Missouri Inspection Bureau, I'icrce Bldj:., 
St. I.ouis. Mo. Home: |.-).'S I.,,enst St., 
St. I.onis, .Mo. 

McDaniki., IIariiiv, Cli.E., Car- 
nef;ie-Illinois Steel Company, :iI2() K. Si'lli 
street, Chicafro. South Chieapo HKin. Home: 
(ili.T S. Flmwood .\venne. Oak Park. Illi 
nois. F:1'C :{7-.':!1{. 

.McDkilmoi-i'. .Iami- I'.M.isi. M.i;.. 
Whiting Corporation, l.nth and I.;,lhroii. 
Harvey, Illinois, INT !>(il.5. Home: -.'(i.tH 
N'. FVancisco .\venue, Chicago. 

Mk.ntzi:i, .SioMiNn TiironoHi:, F'.F',.. C.i r- 
negie-Illinois Sfeel Conip:inv. (oirv, In- 
dian:!. Home: tSlfl X. Mehin:, \\eMUr. 

Mkvi:ii. .Ia.mis Ravmonu, ( li.l'... I inch 
Air Products, Buffalo, New York. Il.>me: 
I.S I iinvood Avenue, Buffalo. Nru ^'ork. 

.Mu-iiKA. Srivi: Max, IvK. Home: r.M!i 
.South Kedzie .\venue, Chicago. 

.Mii.i.KH, Fhank. Ch.l'".. Hoini: I7III Hal 
sted Street. Chicago. 

MiSAnn. (IcoHoi; Wi nc. ro.s. 
Chicago Extruded Mrl;,ls Compaiu. Hll.' 

S. rylth Ave ■. ( ic,r... Illinois. CIS l.-.H. 

Home: •.'7:i<i N. Mildred Street. Chieat.'... 
BIT (i.TJl). 

MiHOTS.VK . .Ii IKS (iioiua:. .\r<h. Home: 
fi!»:!8 Doreheslcr Avernn-. Cliic:,i;o. 


BuiMinq Supplies 


Sales and Sr)':-uc 


Clasi of 1012 

3860 Ogden Avenue 
Chicago, Illinois 

Crawford 4100 





Automotive Clutches 

6558 S. Menard Ave. Chicago, III. 

•ing Se 

General purpose bronze bush- 
ings — Special bushings, plain 
or babbitt lined, to your blue 
prints — Bronze cored and solid 
bars — Laminated shim sheets — 
Bearings rebabbitted. 


I ictory 2488 Calumet 421.3 

1923 S. Calumet Ave., 

Chicago, 111. 

Moi i.nrii. Will MM Ki nm in, K.F... 
Pulilic Service Coliii.;im of Xorlhcrn Illi 
nois. 71' West .\d;inis SIre.l. Clii,-:i-o. 
liW 2.-)0(l. Home: IM South lIarM\ 
.\venuc. Oak Park. Illinois. 

.MiTiiKK, Uavjio.M) .Vi.iuiit, .M .I',., Cr:inc 
Coiniianv, K:{(i S. .Michigan .Vvenne, Chi- 
cago, W'AB :!|.!.-). Home: lillo S. 
Avenue, Chicago. 

Naimii. Fhank .\i.inirr. .In.. Ivl-;.. Illi- 
nois Institute of. TechiioloLM. Ue^e:n•ch 
Foiiiukition, .■i:iiiii Feilcnil .St.. Chic:iL'o. 
Home: ir.'t F:irr:igiit Slrecl. Cliic;igo. 
Alii) :ill!i7. 


Ch.F,., .Soconv-\'acuum Coinpanv. l.':i 
North W:icker Drive, Chic:igo, STA .->!I77. 
Home: :un7 N. Springlield Avcmic. Clii- 
cML'o, .H'N ii7.-.:i. 





Soren N. Nielsen. President 

Elk-r P.. NIeisen, '16. V.-Pres. & Tre^s 



Industrial Purposes 




6601 So. Central Ave. 
Hem. 3300 

"The Only Yard in the Clearing Dist/ 

Candies and Cigars 


Makers of "Tangy-Rich" 
Chocolate Products 

I 1 24 W. 59+h Street 
Wentworth 4441 

NiWKliih. .Ia.mis .\iixvmiih. C.E 

II e: 1101 S.)iith I{ich:ird St rei-l, .lolicf 



OiMdiiate Student. Illinois Institute o 
TeehnoloL'\, i-fnn I'c.ler;il Street. Chic; 

Home: 712 Cornelia \veiuie. Chicago. BI 

Oi.DK.Niuin;. KiNMiii Fhiiiihuk. 1',.E 

International Business M;icliin.s Corp 
■S.a W. Madison Street. Chic;igo. I)E/ 
.sJliO. Home: ()1.5:( South ■I'.ilni:in .\venut 
Chicago. HEP (iHV.s. 



Oi.rFSEX, Gkorge, C.E., Glenn L. Mar- 
tin Company, Baltimore, Maryland. For 
mail: 81.50 South Laflin Street, Chicafro. 
O'Xeili,, Re.v Artihr, C.E., Illinois 
State Highway Dept., Springfield, Illinois. 
For mail: 28.50 N'ortli I.indor Street, t'lii- 

Opil-\. Fk.\xcis .Vntiioxy. C.E., Illi- 
nois State Higliwav Dept., Sprinfrfield, 
Illinois. For mail:" 2917 West Cerniak 
Road, Chicago. 

Otrembiak, ,Ioiin .Tosepii. M.E., Pull- 
man Standard Car Mfg. Co., 110th & S. 
Cottage Grove .\ venue, Chicago. PUI 
UOO. Home: 11201 Normal .\venue, Chi- 

P.vsifK. Theodore. Arch., Welsun CUti- 
;truction Company, 22*^ West Grand Ave- 
nue, Chicago. Home: 1019 North Wood 
Street, Chicago. 

Patlogax. I.ovis. Ch.E. Home: 811IO 
Wabansia Avenue, Chicago. 

Peuersex, Ari'htr Hale. C.E., Glenn 
L. Martin Company, Baltimore. Maryland. 
For mail: 407 Leiiox .\venue. Oak Park. 

Petri. Raeph, Ch.E., Farley Mfg. Com- 
iianv, 2(j'.50 W. Belden, Chicago, ARM 
^820. Home: 20*3 N. Keystone Avenue. 

Pi::rsox. Carl Dax. E.E.. Illinois Bell 
Felephone Company, 212 W. Washington 
Street, Chicago, OFF 9300. Home: 1717 
Summerdale Avenue, Chicago. 

Pratifer. Fred Hexry. .\rch. Hume: 
559 .Surf Street, Chicago. 

Prehler. Norbert .T.^coB. Ch.E., Miehle 
Printing Press Mfg. Co., West Uth and 
South Damen Avenue, Cliicago. Home: 
163.3 X. Damen Avenue, Chicago. 

PrnL. RiciiARn .Toseph. Ch.E., Claud 
S. Gordon Com]iany, 1.52+ S. Western Ave- 
lue. Chicago, H.VY +983. Home: 1025 
S'orth East .\venue. Oak Park, Illinois, 
\RD 1)694. 

; QiAXDEE, Harrv Bernhahu, F.P.F... 
rt'estern F'actory Insurance .\ssociation. 
i.75 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago. Home: 
57+2 Loomis Street, Chicago. 
' Raxsel. .1a.iies P.A.IL. F.P.E., Indian,! 
, nspection Bureau, 320 N. Meridian Street, 
ndianapolis, Indiana. For mail: 773 Ty- 
cr Street, Gary, Indiana. 

HiiiwALnr. Roi'ERT .Arthur. E.E.. Sar- 
:cnt ^ind I.undv, 1+0 S. Dearborn. Chicago. 
\{\ 7130. Home: 201 South Cuvler .\ve- 
uie. Oak Park, Illinois. 

KiNTscHER. RoLAxi) Rov. .M.E.. Danly 
lachine Specialties, 210+ .S. ,52nd Avenue. 
?icero, Illinois. LAW 7++0. Home: ,5715 
Vilson Avenue, Chicago. 
Ressleb. Harold Wh-liam, M.E.. Pow- 
rs Regulator Company, 2720 X. Green- 
iew Avenue, Chicago, Bl'C 7100. Home: 
206 North Ashland Avenue, Chicago. 

Reyxs. Pail Raphael. E.E., Youngs 
own Sheet and Tube Co., Ill West Wasli- 
igton Street, Chicago, FR.\ .5+70. Home: 
046 South Park Avenue, Chicago. WEX 
Ris.4X'Y, Joseph Johx. M.E., Carnegie- 
llinois Steel Company. 3+26 E. 89th 
treet. Chicago, South Chicago +00{i. 
lome: 20+2 West .51st Street, Chicairo. 
'RO 2792. 

Ros!'xthal. EnivARi) Max. E.E., Curtiss- 
\' right Company (.\eronautieal Drafts- 
lan), Buffalo, N'ew York. Home: Do«ni- 
Jwn Branch, Y..M.C.A., 45 W. Mohawk 
treet, Buffalo, N. Y. 
Rupert. Johx Weber. ,Ir.. C,K. Home: 
S+6 North Hermitage .\venue, Chicago. 
Russx.vk. Clarence .Joseph. M.E., Tele- 
rpe Corporation, 1400 W. Wrightwood 
LVenue, ChieaL'o. BCC 1)200. Home: 33IM 
hefBeld -\venue. Chicairo. WF".!. 9397, 

Compliments of 






221 West 63rd Street 

Phones: Englewood < 2489 





Wholesale Coniectioners 




3211 Ogden Ave. 









822 E. 42nd St., Chicago 

Telephones: ATLantic 0011. 0012. 0013 

Concrete Breaking 

Phone: Normal 0900 

Chicago Concrete Breaking 



Removal of 

• • • 
6247 Indiana Ave. Chicago, DL 

Consulting Engineers 


For All Purposes 

, Natural Gai 1 

U..: {^^' °«"'^" } A. Fu. 

(producer Gas ' 


308 West Washington Street 

Chicago. Illlnoii 



Merchandise Mart 

Superior 7811 


Drawing t^aterldls 

The World's Finest 

Surveying Instruments 





Unequiiocally Guaranteed 

of N. Y. 

520 South Dearborn St. Chlcaqc 

Drawing Materials 

Hamlin and Avondale Avenues 

Electrical Eguipment 


. . . .^inc IHW 

Electrical and Mechanical 

Carbon Products 


3450 S. 52nd Ave., Cicero Cra.v{ord 2260 

Chicago Transformer 

Chicago, lllinoii 

Independence I I 20 


ItVANT, ClIABLES JoSEril, Jk., CIl.E., 

CJraduatc Assistant, Illinois Institute of 
Tpchnolopy, 3:300 Kcileral Street, Cliieapi. 
Home: "16 West 8Jn<l Street. Cliieap), 
STE 03.52. 

.S.viKKMANx, C'lKKiiAHor 11., Anil.. .Iiines 
.mil 1 aufrliliii Steel Oirporation, 22.j(l West 
ITth Street, Chioago. Home: 20;32 West 
Io:!r(l Street, Chicago. 

•Si'iiHOT. Frkdcrick Gkohok. Cli.I'".. Home: 
2iiU) Hurlinfr Street, Cliicafro. 

.SciiiLTZ, Cn.vRij;s Hahou). Cli.K., Univ. 
or .\rkansas (Fellowship), I'"ayettes\ ille, 
Arkansas. For mail: .51-i;J West .Vdanis 
Street, Chicafro, AUS 1.5()1. 

■ScivrT, HoiiKRT William, M.K., Wrif:lit 
.\eriin.iutieal Corporation, Paterson, New 
Jer.scy. For mail: .510 Palace Street, Au- 
rora, Illinois. 

SiiAVKK. .loiix Dasiki.. E.K., Interna- 
tional Business Machines C«rp., 23:! West 
Madison Street, C h i e a p o. DEA S2<i(). 
Home: 1 i44 West Tlst Street, Chieajro, 
HAD 2847. 

SiiAW. Hahuv Nils. M.E., Crane Com- 
pany, MC> S. Michiiran .Vvenue, Cliie.iL'o. 
W.VB -.iiSo. Home: X\f) Earrafrut lioad. 
.loliet, Illinois. 

Sher. Herbert. Ch.E., Cjirnegie-lllinois 
Steel Company, 3120 E. Siltli Street. Clii- 
eago. South Chicago, WOO. Home: Tflt.) 
Rhodes .\ venue, Cliicago. 

SiTZurR, JoHX 15o^^^:H, C.E., Wheeling 
Steel Co., 20G Dodge St., Peoria, Illinois. 
Home: 211 Springdale .\venue, Peoria, 
Illinois, 24570M. 

Si.A\ax. Fraxk Edward. F.P.E., Fire 
Lnderwriters Inspection H u r e a u, Ply- 
mouth Bldg., Minneapolis, Minnesota. For 
mail: (3939 Cornell .\%enue, Chicago. 

Smessaert. Kaymond Kiciiard. M.E., 
Teletype Corporation, 1 tflO W. Wright- 
wood Avenue, Chicago, BL'C (i200. Home: 
.5116 North Kostner Avenue. Chicago, 
AVE 9iSl. 

SsiITH. Frederick .\htiu r. C.F... Bureau 
of Engineers, Division of Construction. 
City of Chicago. Home: 7401 CIvde .Vve- 
nue", Chicago, BUT 0917. 

Smith Roger Keith lev. F.P.E., Micli- 
igan Ins])ection Bureau, Barium Tower, 
Detroit, .Mich. For mail: 80:58 Justine 
Street, Chicago. 

Spencer, Sidxev S e v .m o r r. Ch.E.. 
Stearns and Voyta. 1-17 Nortli State 
Street, Chicago, .SUP Ii71(). Home: 100:5 
West 71st Street, Chicago. 

-Sternkeu), Behxard Ross. .M.E., I'. .S. 
Navy, Naval .\ircraft (Inspector of En- 
gineering Materials). Home: 53 Jackson 
.\ venue, Hackensaek, New Jersey. 

Stimpfl. Rriioi.pii Karl. Jr.. M.E., 
.'\merican Bosch Cor])., Springfield. Mass. 
For mail: li.531 S. I.aHin Street, Chicago. 

Stieciieli, Conrad Ernest, Ch.E. Home: 
2031 Summerdale .\venue, Chicago. 

.Sullivan, Tiio.mas Edward, M.E., C!en- 
eral .\nierican Aeroco.ich Co., 13(>th 
and South Brandon, Chicago, .South Chi- 
cago 9720. Home: .5(>12 South F.iirfield 
.'\ venue, Chicago, HEP (i:!72. 

SiNDE. Donald Helc.esos. F.P.E. Home: 
Owatonna, Minnesota. 

TOE l.AER, Charles Martini r. I'.l'... 
Electro Motive Corp., I.aC.ran-.-. llli 
nois. Home: 721 Gunderson .\viMiie, Oak 
Park, Illinois, EUC 7()7;5. 

■|.92t. Middaugh .\vi-nin-, Downer^ Grove. 

I'rBAXIAK. Edw UID W V I II II . M.l',.. 

Crane Comjianv, .H:iii .S. .Michig.m Avenue. 
Chicago, WAB" 3l:i.5. Home: lii:il South 
Karlov .\venue. ChicagiL 

Veras. .\iiivsns Francis. E.E. Home: 
11.517 Harvard .\veniie, Chicago. 

Electrical Equipment 





Telephone SEEIey 6400 

Phone Randolpli 1125 
All Departments 






17 South Jef?erjon Street 
Chicago, Illinois 

Illinois Electric Porcelain 



District Representative 

Telephene Franklin 8900 

20 North Wacker Drive, Chicago, Illinois 


NEON Sign & Illumination Supplies 


16 N. May St. 
H. Epstein 

Chicago, III 
Class 70 




1840 W. 14th St., Chicago, III. 

Wacnkr. Kaii-ii Hknrv. .M.F... Crane 
l'oni|i,iin , s:i() S. Michi^'an .\veniie. Chi- 
cago, WAH Hi:!.-). Home: 7:il. Fourth .\ve- 
nue, De.s IMaine.s, Illinois, 5UI-H. 

Wac.nkr, Kic'iiARn .Iohn, Ch.E., Car- 
negie-Illinois .Steel Coinjiany, M'ti E. .Hllth 
.Street. Chicago, .Scnith "chicairo «IIH1. 
Home: 71 IKS N'ormal Houlevanl, Chicago. 

Waikoi:. Kkn.nkth Harrv. M.E., Crane 
Companv, .S3(> S. .Michigan .Vvenue, Chi- 
lago, WAB 3i:r,. Home: 2(1+(i N. Kedzie 
Avenue, Chicago. 

Wksski.s. nKi.A.No EuoENE, Ch.E., Staiul- 
.ird I'rodncts (Subsidiary of 
('■eorgi' Koch .Sons, Inc.), Evansville, In- 
diana. Home: Y..M.C.A., Evansville, lii- 

WiNKi.KH. .\i,vi.v- I.oiis. M.E., The As- 
kani.i liegnlator Company, Ifi03 S. Mich- 
ig.iti .\venue, Chicago, C.\I, ()!)27. Home: 
ll»0.-i.-, I,afavette Avenue, Chicago. IH'I. 





600 West .Adams Street 


Jack Uyrnes Tel. H.Wmarket 6202 







SIDNEY 1. COLE, (Class 1928) 


Erictors of Industrial Machinery and Materials 
Handling Equipment 

Serson Hardware 

Established 1907 



109 East Thirtv-First Street 


Phone Nictory } ^^ 

WoiJE, Wayne Fr.\ncis, M.E., Contii 
nental Can Company, 1-73.5 W. lith Street 
Cicero, Illinois, E.WV (W7.5. Home: 55+: 
S. Francisco Avenue, Chicago, HE.M 742H 

Woi.Ksox, Hkr.sari) Tkrkv, Ch.E. Home 
:i."i)fl Cottage drove .Vvenue, Chicago. 

Woi.i.. HoBiRT .\i.hi:rt. E.E., Carnegie 
Illinois .Steel Com])any, Maintenance Di 
vision, :«2() E. 8!ltli Street, Chicago 
Home: tujd Dorchester .\venue, Chicago 

Woi.NiAK. Leonard John, M.E.. Cater 
pillar Tractor Company, Peoria. Illinois 
For mail: 57:i-t S. Paulina Street, Chicago 
HEP :5m. 

W'oKCCSreR, ElC.ENE Haroi.o, F.P.E. 
(lliio Inspection Hure.iu, +:!1 East Broac 
Street. Columlnis. Ohio. For mail: 1044 
Wesley .\veinie. Oak Park, Illinois. 

^'eagkb. W'iei.iam Francis. M.E., .•Vmer 
ican Maize Products Co., i:!5 S. LaSalli 
Street, Chicago, n.\N 0958. Home: 7» 
Keba Place, Evanston, Illinois, GRE 7981 



(From page 20) 
kinds of fit-Ids: safety eng-ineeriniv. 
industrial liygiene engineering, and 
prextntive medicine in industry. In 
the jjractical working out of these 
problems, tlie plant engineer can be 
of particular value because of the 
fact that he is a technical man. Hr 
understands the various processes of 
manufacturing in different groups, 
and therefore is in a position to be 
able to know exactly what is taking 
place in the various operations. 

However, adequate understanding 
of the significance of such industrial 
operations with respect to the healtli 
of eniploytes, demands additional 
kinds of knowledge, such as that in- 
volved in safety engineering and in- 
dustrial liygiene engineering. It 
seems important that various engi- 
neering courses include the funda- 
mentals and the ground-work with 
reference to modern practices in 
safetv engineering and industrial 
liygiene engineering. Sucli courses 
should be supplemented by actual in- 
spections and by different types of 
survevs. both in organizations wlierc 
good jjrograms have jireviously been 
in effect and also in establishments 
where there liave been no applica- 
tions of health control programs. 

All technical schools and profes- 
sional seliools of various types of 
courses have crowded curricula, and 
k is almost impossible to get ad- 
jaiinistrative officers of any organiza- 
tion to see the necessity for includ- 
ling additional material. The author 
llias already encountered this difli- 
;'ulty in ni 
schools. an( 

There is no question that the use- 
Fulness of the plant engineer could 
je increased in a practical way if it 
were possible to at least expose him 
:o the fundamentals of safety and 
ndustrial hygiene. The plant engi- 
neer would certainly be in a position 
;o cooperate with other persons in 
;he health control i)rogram. particu- 
larly with the management, the phy- 
Mcian, nurse, and consultants who 
from time to time visit his plant, 
lecause of unusual jiroblems. 

As an aid to any engineer who 
nay be interested, the author has 
"evised a eiieck-list from which can 
made a record of materials and 
upplies. processes and operations. 
Iind tiie methods and conditions un- 
er which work is performed. This 
heck-list will serve as a starting 
oint in the study of potential, ae- 
ual or legal health hazards. The 
nterested reader may secure a copy 
;hrough the Armour Kngini-t-r ami 
■Hum » us. 

schools, nursing 
regular university 


Served exclusively 



Thermometers — Barometers 


4949 North Pulaski Road, Chicago, Illino 
KEYstone 6B00 









1201 Wrightwood Ave. CHICAGO 








John S. Delman '32 



135 So. LaSalle Hand. 5560 


Chartered Lije ISnderuriter 





135 South La Salle Street 


Telephone Franlclin 1166 


Furnished Armour Relays by 

D IEGES and r iUST 

185 N. Wabash Ave., Chicago 

Central 3115 





Founded 1&87 

Independent— Endowed— Non- Sectarian 




Telfphone Swltsf «4(I0 


348 Nor+h Bell Avenue, Chicago 



(From page 24) 
1 Mctor wliicli torn ^poiuls to tlie 
fr<(|ii( my of tlii <-.irri(r ;iii(l c-iii 
thircforc lir .■uidid t.> the cur- 

'I'lif Victor wliiili i-,))r.s> Ills .-i 
fr<(|iuiu v-lii()iiiilati(l I'.irriir would 
have a constant liiiirtli Imt a \.iry 
iiiir anirular \clocity. A varviiiir 
anirular \clocity can In- tlionnlit of 
as a \rctor whicli is cliaiiiiinsj: its 
phase with rr-.|ii-ct to one which 
revolves at a constant rate. That is, 
wlicn the velocity of our \cctor is 
iiiereasinir. wc liavi- a condition which 
could he thouiiht of as a |iliasc 
advanccuKnt. If this phase swini;- 
amounts to se\eral thiuisand ileirrces. 
it is evident that the addition nf a 
random noise vector will produce 
only ncjrlijiibU- phase shift as com- 
pared to the mO(lulation of the trans- 
mitter. This means interfer- 
ence and noise have otdv a minor 
efTect in transmission oxer a wid<- 
band frequency-modulated system. 

The receiver for this type M car- 
rier must he r<sponsi\e to :\ fre- 
quency chan;:-!-. ratlur than to a 
ehanirc in ,im|)litude. To sup|)rcss 
noise ,ind to reduce interference, the 
siirnal is tirst .implified .uid then is 
impressed upon a "liniiter tube" 
which holds the amplitude of the sig- 
nal to an essentially level. 
Tlie constant .-implitudi si^n.-il is im- 
pressed on a (lex ii-e which an 
output to the carrier 
fre(pi.ncy. 'I'lie device is c.illcd a 
"discriminator. ' .and eomliiius the 
properties of ,i fre(|iieney siusitivc 
eireiiit and a detector. .>^inee this cir- 
cuit functions ovir a wide fre(|uency 
ranfte, tiie hij;li .is will ,is low fre 
quineics arc easilv h.iiidh d hy the 
reciiM r withmit distortion. In other 
words, the tidelity or ipi.ility of 
spei-ch or music o\er the frequeiicy- 
niodulated system is not haiidic.ipjied 
hy the loss id' .any Useful part of 
the sound enertty. 

It is easy to produce frequency 
modulation liy .a simph- device which 
niiffht he illustr.ited hy a condenser 
niieroplione in the tnin d circuit of a 
sclf-cxcifed oseill.itor. In this type 
of microphone. the e.ip.icit.ince 
ch.inires proportion.illy to the sound 
pressure inipiuiriny' on the di.i- 
plira<;ni. Therefore the frequency of 
the oscill.ator will he .in irm rse fiinc 
tion of the pressure .md over .1 lim 
ited ranj;!- in .111 1 s-.enti.illy linear 
manner. This simple device c.innot 
be employed hy hro.idcistinu; sta 
tions lor the re.ison radio st.i 
tions are required to hold the fre- 

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qucncy of tliiir carrior.s within vcrv 
(■lost- limits. Ill orik-r to maintain 
tliis closi- f ntiiii lU'v control, .i |)i(Zo- 
ilictric is iiscil. This ;ip- 
| lit .iTKiiii.-ily ititniiliu-is onr of 
the in.ijor (lirtirultics ot .i ln(|iirin y 
iiKxiill.-itid systiiii. Tlir lirohhin is 
to iii.'iiiit.'iin tin- c.irrirr ,it .in r\.ut 
Iriinuiuy liy of .i 
.111(1 tlicti to v.iry its frequency .ic- 
cordiii!; to the .iiKiio-siLrnal. Major 
.Vrmstroni; soKid this prnhhni liy 
|iro(iiiciiiii' .1 |ih.isi shift ,it .i In" 

r.adio frequency: tticn by a series o' 
frctiiuiicy multipliers which multiple 
not only the frciiiiency lint the |ih 
.inirlc. tin- necessary frequency swini 
is iirodnced. Hy multiplyinj; the fre 
(luencv two or three thousand time 
the |ili.ise .inicle ch.inae correspond 
to .1 frequency swiiii; \ip to tift' 
or seveiity-tive thousand cycles pe 
second. The l;irire numher of st.iirc 
iieeess.irv for this inultiplic.ation re 
suits in .1 r.ither complicated trans 
luitter. llowe\er. the niultiplicatioi 


is accomplished in low power st.iges, 
so that total cost is not ijreat. 

More recently, a simplification of 
frequency modulating has been de- 
veloped. The frequency of a self- 
excited oscillator is controlled bv a 
reactance tube which corresponds to 
the condenser niicro])hone mentioned 
previously. Then, to prevent the av- 
erage frequency of the carrier from 
drifting too far from its assigned 
channel, a crystal-controlled oscil- 
lator constantly monitors and stands 
by to automatically bring the carrier 
back to its proper value. 

Frequency modulation receivers 
are not inherently more expensive 
than receivers for amplitude modula- 
tion. However, in order to take ad- 
vantage of the increased fidelity pos- 
sible with frequency modulation, the 
acoustic properties of the receiver 
must be better than average. 

An extension of audio-frequency 
response into the higher frequency 
range must be accompanied by an 
increase in the low frequency re- 
sponse if balance is to be main- 
tained. It is a psychological fact 
that for reproduced music or speech 
to have a pleasant sound, the high 
and low frequencies must be present 
in proper porportion. Small table 
models that reproduce the high au- 
dio-frequencies efficiently will not 
be satisfactory because the low fre- 
quencies will be lacking. In order 
to reproduce the low frequencies, a 
reasonably large cabinet with proper 
acoustical treatment is necessary. 
Aside from being a piece of furni- 
ture, a radio receiver is also a 
tausical instrument and the skill of 
its maker is reflected in its per- 

.\t ])resent there are several FM 
stations in New York and New 
England, one in Chicago, and others 
11 wiilelv sejiarated jjarts of the 
(Uiiitry. The local exfierimental 
fre(nuncy-modulated FM transmitter, 
iVSlXZR. operated by the Zenith Ra- 
lio Corporation and located in the 
rhicago Towers, has been in oiJcra- 
ion for about one year. This station 
Operates on a full-time schedule and 
jrovides an almost continuous mu- 
ical program, largely from high 
juality transcriptions. In additicni 
o Zenith, a number of local coni- 
lanies have a))plied to the h' 
Communications Commission f o r 
icenses to operate commercial b -M 
tations. Indications are that these 
.pplications will be acted on shortly, 
nd prospects are fairly good that 
ve shall have four or fixe F.M st.i- 
ions in Chicaaro earlv in 19H. 


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(From page 17) 

No larire tidal jjower plants have 
ever heen eonstrueted. but a small one 
developing three hundred horsepower 
has heen operated successfully in Ena:- 
laiid. \ one million, two-hundred- 
thousand-horsepower plant was pro- 
pDseil for the mouth of the Severn 
rixer and claims were made that 
jiDwer could be generated at i.7 mills 
lier kilowatt hour. The head on the 
turbines was expected to vary from 
thirty-two feet to five feet and the 
jiower variation was to be smoothed 
by pumiiing to a high-level reservoir. 
Tile development at Passa- 
m.-ujuoddy H.iy contemplated two 
storage basins to be constructed by 
damming the entrances to two bays. 
One of these basins would be main- 
t.iined near high-tide level and the 
other near low-tide level, and in this 
way a practically constant difference 
would be available. It has been esti- 
mated that one million horsepower 
can be develojied at this site. The 
|)lans called for initial construction of 
only one basin, to be maintained near 
low-tide level; this involved the use of 
a variable head. .\s everyone knows 
who reads the papers, this project was 
never completed and one hears noth- 
ing about it at the present time. 

H jfdro-i-lecir'ic Poicer. Falling wa- 
ter furnishes a very desirable source 
iif power because by the action of sun 
.uid wind the water is being contin- 
ually returned to its high level. Thus 
we are not consuming our principal, 
.is in the ease of using fuels, but are 
merely using the interest on deposits 
in the bank, to use a simple an.ilogy. 
Tile <hief difficulty in develojjing 
power from this source is the wide 
seasonal variatiini in flow which 
necessitates large expenditures for 
d.-iliis .-iiid resrrxdirs. .Vltlioinih there 
is still eoiisidrr.iM,' potenti.-il water 
power at undcvelojied sites, most of 
tliese .ire remote from the centers 
where Large amounts of power are 
used, .ind the tr.insmission iJroblem 
is .1 difhcult one. .\t the present time. 
tin- limit for electric power 
tr.iiisiiiissiiiii is .ilioiil three hundred 
miles, but rese.-ircli m.ay modifv this 
materially in the future. 

Ilydro-electrie power developiiient 
in some eases is not eeonoinicallv fe.i- 
sible unless .i eoiisider.ibh- ))roportion 
lit tile iin cstiiliiit e;in be 
>li;.ri;v,l to some other lis,- of the 
«.iter. such .is ii.n ig;itioii. or to some 
luiietit. siuii .-is flood control. In such 
.1 c.-ise. the ]iowrr is csMiit i.illy .i by- 

I-'iirls. H.idi.iiit eiiergv 
from tile siiii ,i few hundred million 
ye.irs ago. rec'cived by green pl.ints 


and stortil as iluniiial <iii ri;y. nmsti 
tiitis our most important sonrcr ot 
iiuriry at tlif i)r<scnt time. W'lntlitr 
w<- ust- it in till- form of natnral iras. 
petroleum or coal, we are usinir up tlit 
principal of a deposit which dr.iws no 
intrrr^t an<l whieli is not lieiiin ri- 
|,lari(i. at least not at a rate at all 
coniiiarahle to that of its use. It is 
only ,a ipiestion of time hefore the d.ay 
of reekoninii .arrives when our re- 
sources in thise v.ihi.ahh- nialeri.ils 
are usial up. How louii- :' time will 
thi.s her That is a very ditticult thinj; 
to answer hccausc it involves a num- 
her of unknown factors. Kstim.ites 
must he based on sources aetu.illy 
surveyed, and are subject to nioditica- 
tion as new fields arc discovered. This 
has happened so many times in the 
CISC of petroleum that the predictions 
of jreolosists about the end of our 
})etroleuni supply have fallen into ill- 
repute. Estimates of time of exhaus- 
tion must also take account of the 
ehaniie in the rate of consumption 
with the time. For example, our 
known resources of coal have been 
variously estimated to last from one 
iiundred and ninety to thirty-five hun- 
dred years, dependinu; on what rate of 
increase in use is assumed. The lower 
tiirure is based on an eifihteen jjcrcent 
increase ])er year, which is the aver- 
aire annual increase over the past fifty 
years; the higher figure assumes no 
increase over the present rate. Our 
petroleum resources are estimated to 
last about fifteen years, presumably 
at the present rate of eonsumjition. 
Actually of course as we approached 
the end, the jiroduetion would grad- 
ually diminish, and the last few 
rels might still be available .after .1 
hundred years or more. 

When we think of fuels as .1 source 
of energy we gener.illy think of the 
usual heat-engine eyeh-. This is a 
roundabout way of converting chem- 
ical energy to electrical work and 
always involves a step in which 
energy is converted to niechanieal en- 
ergy. From the .'Second Law of 
Thermodyn.amics we know th.-it this 
step falls far short of one hundred 
percent eonversion. even if the whole 
mechanism o))erate(l in an ideal ni.-ni- 
ner. What are the |)ossibiIities for 
directly converting the chemical en- 
ergy in .1 fuel to electrical work? 
This is a question that has interested 
experimenters for .1 good m.any ye.irs 
and a considerable .amount of work 
has been done with some slight meas- 
ure of success, but yielding nothing 
to date of any great promise. F'rom 
a theoretical standpoint the 
energv released when the chemical 
reaction : 

c -- O . = CO. 

t.akes |ilaee. is all available to do 
work. In the case of a hyilrocarbon 
the ax.iilability would be less; in fact 
for methane only sixty-three percent 
of the total energy released by com- 
bustion is available for work. Turn- 
ing to the |)ractical side of the ))rob- 
hni, any electrolytic cell is a device 
for converting chemical energy to 
<hetrieal energy. The ordinary dry 
cell consumes zinc which would be 
too expensive as fuel. Cells have been 
constructed in which the cell reaction 
is a combustion of a solid or a gaseous 
fuel but m;my mechanical difiii'ultics 
remain to be overcome and, <lue to 
polarization, the output of the cells 
dropped rapidly. One inherent diffi- 
culty in any fuel cell is the low in- 
tensity factor (of the order of one 
volt) developed and the consequent 
necessity of many units in series. At 
the present time, there is no fuel cell 
in sight which offers promise of devel- 
oping into a practical device for the 
iicneration of power, and it seems 
doubtful if an intensive research pro- 
gram directed toward improving such 
cells is likely to be very fruitful, es- 
pecially in view of other more jiromis- 
ing avciuies of a])i)roach to the |)Ower 

Atomic Poxcer. Since the discovery 
of radioactivity about the turn of the 
century revealed the tremendous 
amounts of energy locked up in the 
nucleus of the atom, men have 
dreamed of the day when this vast 
store of energy would be turned to 
some use. The nuclei of all atoms are 
composed of the same elemental parti- 
cles — protons, neutrons, alpha parti- 
cles (helium nuclei) and possibly a few 
others that the physicists are not sure 
about — but most of the atomic nuclei 
are quite stable configurations. A 
few, however, are unstable, such as 
that of radium, .and disintegrate spon- 
t.aneously with the release of almost 
unbelievable amounts of energy. For 
example, the spontaneous distintegra- 
tion of one gram of radium gives off 
energy equivalent to the combustion 
of .500,000 grams of coal. There are 
two good reasons why this particular 
source of energy will never be of any 
))raetieal value : (1) because radium 
is exceedingly scarce; and (2) be- 
cause it disintegrates very slowly — 
only one-half of any given amount in 
2.000 years — and we know of no way 
to sj)eed it up. Recently physicists 
have discovered that artificial radio- 
activity can be induced in many other 
elements by bombardment of their 
iMulei with high-speed atomic projec- 
tiles, but the process is hopelessly 
inefficiint. It t.akes mort ( n( rgy 
to induei- the tinipor.irv ,nti\itv, tli.m 

is reh ased wiKii the foreed disinte 
gration takes place. 

As we have noted, the cause of the 
great energy release in the distinte 
gration of nuchi is ))robably the con 
version of matter to energy as already 
jjointed out. In order to obtain large 
releases of energy from a small input, 
there must be a "trigger" effect or a 
"eh.iiii n action. " by which we mean .in initial impulse must start a 
whole series of self-propagating re- 
actions, such as occurs when a fuel-air 
mixture is ignited. No such chain 
mech.anism known in the field ot 
atomic ))hysies until the discovery less a year ago of the phenomenon 
of ur.inium fission, the implications of 
which we will discuss |)resently. 


There are three main avenues of 
approach to the problem of the energy 
sup|)ly of the future, namely: 

( 1 ) Further development of well- 
tried sources 
(2) Increase of the efficiency of 
])resent energy transformations 
(:}) Development of new sources 

through research 
There is still considerable unde- 
veloped w.iter power in this country. 
.Some estimates place it as high as 
.-)0.000.000 kilowatts, which is consid- 
erably more than our present gener- 
ating capacity in central stations. Due 
to remoteness from industrial centers, 
it is not economically feasible to de- 
velop much of it at the present time, 
but with improvements in transporta- 
tion and in transmission of power and 
with shifting of centers of population, 
it will become desirable to consider 
such development. 

Better utilization of our coal sup- 
])ly will come about through improve- 
ments in mining methods, in the proc- 
essing of coal, in transportation and 
in various other ways, but lack of 
si)ace forbids any extended discussion. 
Perh,i|)s the most obvious way to in- 
crease (Uir useful energy supply is 
through greater efficiency in the steps are involved in the unlocking of 
the stores of ehemical energy in fuels. 
Incrcaxiiifi Ihr Kfficiciici/ of Energy 
Traiisfiirmatinns. Ever since the time 
when the first crude steam engines 
were introduced for pumping water 
from mines, there been a slow but 
steady increase in the thermal efficiency 
of fuel-power plants. Watt's steam 
engine was a great improvement over 
the Neweomen engine, and a further 
big step W.IS taken when the steam 
turbine replaced the reciprocating 
engine, making possible not only 
higher energy efficiencies but much 
larger power units. In recent years 
the trend has been toward the use of 





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FRflNK W, 


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432 South Dearborn • „r.;oago 
J^eticrlxead cJivl'isis 


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Gentry Printing Company 

Acki-eAiUin/j. Thintlng. 





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Telephone Harrison 7233 

Fred W. Krengel 


6400 Minerva Avenue, Chicago 

Phone Hyde Park 2415 

higher temperatures at wliieh heat is 
taken into the engine, tliereby increas- 
ing the availability of the heat en- 
erg}-. This is accoinphshed mainly by 
the use of higher steam pressures but 
also by using binary fluid cycles. 
Modern steam plants now produce one 
kilowatt-hour of energy on a little 
less than one pound of coal, cor- 
responding to an energy efficiency of 
about 28*^^ which may be compared 
with the maximum possible efficiency 
(Carnot cycle) of 60^^; for 900 de- 
grees Fahrenheit intake temperature 
and 80 degrees Fahrenheit exhaust 
temperature. With l.tOO pounds jx-r 
square inch steam pressure and these 
same temperature limits, the ideal 
Rankine cycle has an efficiency of 
42..5%. The mercury-steam cycle is 
able to produce one kilowatt hour 
from 9000 British thermal units, or 
an actual efficiency of 38''r. Diesel 
engines are theoretically capable of 
considerabh- higher efficiencies, and 

improvements in metals will probably 
permit us to attain still higher tem- 
peratures in steam or binary fluid 
cycles. Solution cycles, which lack 
of space prevents us from discuss- 
ing, may offer promise of material 
increase in thermal efficiency, and the 
surface of this subject has barely 
been scratched. The general conclu- 
sion is that there is still eonsider.ibli- 
room for improvement in the conver- 
sion of the chemical energy in fuels 
to mechanical energy through the use 
of heat-engine cycles, and significant 
advances will be iii.-ide in the next few 

After we get nieehanical energy 
from fuels we still dissipate large 
proportions of it through very ineffi- 
cient transformation processes. For 
ixample. the conversion of electrical 
energy to produce light is extremely 
inefficient and only recently great 
strides have been taken toward im- 
proving the luminous output from a 

given quantity of electrical energv. 
Much more can be done in this direc- 

Till- Motor Fuel Problem. This ap- 
piars to be our most acute energy 
problem, if the statements of most 
authorities on the world's pertoleum 
resources are accepted. Without en- 
tering into a discussion of this highly 
controversial subject, let us see what 
new sources we might turn to in the 
event of dwindling petroleum supplies. 
There are at least six possibilities, 
and we can only list them and dis- 
luss them very briefly. Thev are: 
{ 1 ) increasing production from wells; 
( 2 ) increased yields from petroleum ; 
(3) use of solid fuels; (i) use of al- 
cohol; (5) motor fuels from coal: 
(6) oil shales. The petroleum indus- 
try has devoted increasing attention 
to methods (1) and (2). As a result, 
the ))roduction of oil from a given 
well has been increased and old wells 
have been revitalized; the yields of 
motor fuel from a barrel of oil have 
been steadily increased, and at the 
same time the quality has been im- 
proved. By efficient utilization of 
natural and refinery gases, it is pos- 
sible to make a further substantial 
increase in the annual production of 
motor fuels without taking a single 
barrel more of petroleum out of the 
ground than we now do. 

Although motor vehicles have been 
developed in Europe to utilize solid 
fuels, they partake of the nature of 
curiosities. Since we are blessed with 
most of the world's petroleum re- 
serves, there probably will be no de- 
mand for such vehicles in this coun- 
try for many years to come. 

Alcohol as a source of energy for 
motor vehicles has been extensively 
used abroad, and in an experimental 
way in this country by blending it 
with other fuels. Unfortunately, the 
problem of power alcohol has not al- 
w.iys been approached from a strictly 
engineering or factual Jioint of view. 
but has been mixed up with the po- question of relief to the farmer. 
The f.icts arc relatively simple. There 
is no question but what alcohol in 
blends with gasoline or even alone 
is a satisfactory motor fuel, and proc- 
esses for making it from almost any 
earbohvdrate m; such as corn. lane. sorghum, wheat, cellulosic 
wastes of v.irious kinds, etc.. are well 
known. Aleoliol is not equivalent to 
gasolini (in .i volume basis, its total 
avail.ible chemical energy content be- 
ing only about seventy percent of 
that of gasoline. The question of its 
use today is simply a matter of eco- 
nomies. It costs three or four times 
as much to produce a gallon of al 
cohol as a gallon of gasoline even with 


f.i\ (iralilc |iri<-ts fur tlu r.iw iii.iti' 

On tlu- other li.iiui it is coiiit'ortiiiic 
to know «i lan turn to tliis 
soiiric of iiuTfiy ulun anil if onr 
pttroKinn risourcts bi-irin to fail. 
\\ Inn, liowtvir. one hcj^ins to ion 
sidir tile ()uantity of raw matt-rials 
mcissary to rtplai-c our present de- 
nianil for iia.soline. sonu- discinirajiini; 
facts cinerjic. The entire » lieat erop 
of the I'nited States in lict.") wouhl 
produce only enoujih alcohol to n 
place about ten percent of the iraso 
line. All of the corn would lia\ . 
{riven aliout thirty percent replace- 
ment. The entire L'nitcd States pro 
duction of ten princi))al carbohydrate 
crops in 1 !).■!-■> would have ijivcn about 
forty-seven ])ereent replacement. It 
is quite evident that airriiidtural sur 
pluses would be only a drop in the 
bucket and if we fuel our ears from 
this source we shall have to u;o with- 
out these foods for ourselves. Of 
course it is recoiinized that cellulosic 
farm wastes such as stalks, hulls, 
corn cobs and the like niiicht yield a 
siicnifie.ant amount of .alcohol, but the 
probliin of collection and transporta- 
tion to a central plant is a bij; one. 

In passinj;, it is of interest to note 
that it takes more eneray to |)roduee 
a gallon of alcohol than you can iret 
from it by combustion, so that the net 
contribution to the .available encriry 
supply is a ncijative one. All you irain 
is cneriry in a more eimveniently usa- 
ble form for .i speeitie pur])ose. No 
one .-ipp.-irently ijiven nnich 
thouirlit to the ipiestion of where tbe 
enertry for the |iroeessini:- is to come 

Motor fuels can \n- ni.-idr sue.( ss- 
fully from coal or other solid fut Is 
by ".it two processes that haV( 
bi-.n de\ eloped within the jiast twenty 
years. 'I'hese i)rocesses .are used on .i 
large scale in Huropc ami can be in- 
troduced here if conditions 
it. It is .aii.ain an economie ratiier 
than a t<(hiiieal i)r()lihni. The proc- 
esses h;i\i' been worked out but the 
products e.innot conipitc in cost with 
motor fuels from petroleuTn. 

In oil sh.alcs we h.avc .another^f source of motor fuil wliieh 
we can tall back on if need .irises. It 
is jirob.ably tru« motor fuel can 
be made more ehe.i))ly from coal or 
liirnites than from oil sh.alcs. so that 
the (piestioii of utilizing the sh.iles is 
one which m.ay be postponed for .in 
indefinite period. 

Atomic Kiicrf/i/. Tin re been a 
strcat of interest in the possi- 
bility of tapijinic this |)r;utic,dly in- 
exh.iustiblc source since the discovery 
by two (ierman ))hysicists early in 
lii;!!t that the atom of the elinu nt 
uranium cm be split into twii a))])rox 

ini.itely ei| parts with the rele.ase 
of .in enormous .miount ot eiieriry rel- 
.itiM- to thi' .amount of in- 
\ol\ed. The process is ireiierally 
n ft rred to .is uranium (ission. Tin 
few f.iets .arc known .are so 
st.irtlinir they have stinuilated a 
great deal of wild specul.ation by nu- 
merous jiopular writers on science 
.and engineering, .and m.iny .assump- 
tions iinwarr.inteii by the present 
known facts h.ave been m.aile. Let us 
trv to sep.iratc f.ict from fancy and 
si e whether atomic enirity is .anytbing 
to get excited .about. 

The known facts in the case ,it the 
present time, plus some slight the- 
orizing on fairly sure grounds, may 
for our l)rescnt ])urpose be boiled 
down to the following: 

( I ) The energy release per atom 
of uranium is about 1 7."), 000 ,000 elec- 
tron volts. This figure is predicted 
bv theorv .and been confirmed by 
experiment. In terms more familiar 
to the engineer this means one 
pound of uranium is equivalent to 
about 2,000,000 pounds of coal, in 
terms of total enerav that cm be re- 

( 2 ) The fission process a()pears to 
t.ake i)l;ice imly when the isotope of 
uranium of .atoniii- weight 2;!.") ( writ- 
ten L'-'') is bomb.arded by slow neu- 
trons. The eonnnon isotope. I — ^. 
does not appear to give the reaction. 
L'--'"' constitutes only 0.7 percent of 
ordinary uranium as it occurs nat- 
urally and the same ratio would hold 
for any salt of the metal. 

( :i ) Fission aiijicars to be a chain of 
self-jiropagating reaction but this 
not vet been confirmed experimentally. 
To secure the chain reaction will re- 
quire the I"-"-' isotope be con- 
centr.ited to sonn- point still undeter- 

I f ) Only .a few millionths of a of L'- ' h.ave been sep.arated 
from ordinary ur.aninm bv tlie mass 

(.">) The fission is produced only 
bv slow neutrons which can be m.ade 
from the more common f.ast inies by 
lil.aein;; in their p.ath water or 
or .any subst.anee with .a I.argi- jiropor- 
tion of hydrogen. 

I (i 1 The ex.act course of the reac- 
tion is not known. .\ nnmbir ot dif- 
ferent .atomic fr.agnients have been 

The extrai)olation from tlits,- slen- 
der facts to a practical scheme for 
producing ])ower is enormous, .mil it 
will ei rtainly t.ike .a lot more knowl- 
edge th.m we now possess to bridge 
this a.ap. one so lightly skijiind over 
by the "))opularizers" of science. .\s 
suminir fission is .a eh.ain reaction, 
if the I'-'-''' isotope is to be eoneen- 
tratid, how miiiht the concentration be 

.iceomplished ? Isotopes ditler only in 
mass and hence a separating process 
nmst be based on this proiKTty. Two 
nrttlii)d.s have been suggested: (1) 
use of the ultr.a s))ecd centrifuge: and 
(2) thermal ditt'usion. Hoth methods 
have been successfully used for other 
isotope separations but the situation { 
is a ))articul.arly unfavorable one in 
this ease bee.iuse of the small per- | 
eent.ige ditleniici in mass between 
the two isoto|)es. These methods op- 
erate best on g.ascs and it is interest- 
ing to note that only one compound 
of uranium is known that is a gas 
at ordinary temperatures. This 
uranium hcxafluoride. which is a solid 
.at room temperature but sublimes to 
.1 gas at about fifty-six degrees C'enti- 
gr.ade. No results have been rci)orted 
.IS vet on the separation of the ura- 
nium isotopes by cither of these meth- 
ods. Kvcn in .a much more favorable 
ease this, the thermal diffusion 
method, which ajjpcars to be the 
otfering most promise, is very slow 
and the energy efficiency is low. From' 
some recently j)ublished estimates on 
separation of uranimum isotopes 
thermal diffusion and from actual ' 
data on the separation of carbon iso- 
topes, it appears that the energy efii- 
ciency of the ))rocess is such that the 
energv requinment for a concentra- 
tion of the L'-'-' isoto|)e from the 
j)resent 0.7 )>ercent to aiiout ten times 
this value is considerably greater than 
the energy which would be released 
if .ill the L'-'^' so concentrated were 
to be subjected to fission. Further 
research m.ay Jioint the w.ay to 
crease the etiiciency of the 
process or reveal other ways ot 
comi>lishing it with a smaller encrgVi 
exjienditure. We must conclude, liow- 
e\er. tin re is no way in sigllt at 
the (ireseiit time of bringing about 
;i reasonable concentr.ition .anil le.iv iug 
a favorable energy b.alance. 

No one yet (iroduced anyth 
more than .an insignificant amount of 
energy from iir.miuni fission, but on 
the .assumption the concentration 
jiroblcm coidil be soKi d, various scien- 
tists h.ave specul.ited on the methods 
of gener.iting |)ower. The .amount of available is not a serious ob- 
st.icle. .\lthough uranium ores 
not I x.ictly common, still the known 
supplies arc certainly surticient to 
gener.ate a very Large amount of en- 
ergy. The mcch.anism for starting the 
fission cm be quite simple and does 
not invohi the Large and impres 
cyclotrons or electrostatic generators one usu.illy .associates with atom- 
splitting exiH-riments. .\ mixture ol 
r.idium and beryllium is .i source o) 
neutrons and w.iter will slow- the neu- 
trons to the ])oint wlicre they car 
st.irt the fission, .md once started il 


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Tiade exact to speci- 

C. A. Knuepfer '15 



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Scale and Corrosion Control 




Aqueous Systems 

D. W. Haering & Co.. Inc. 

2308 S. Winchester Ave. 
Chicago, III. Haymarket 0246 

lould j)r()j);iii-;itr itself just like a 
»mlnisioii reaction. Since the fission 
self aj)])arciitly cvolxes fast iieu- 
■ons, the ])rcsencc yf liquid water 
ill apparently he neces.sary to insure 
intinuance of tlic reaction, and this 
III be used as a mean.s of control. 
hu.s the ur.niiuni salt or oxide would 
t like ,1 fuel and deliver its energy 
i heat to ,1 working fluid which 
uld then he used in the ordinary 
ly in a heat euii'ine. This may ap- 
ar to be a bit fantastic but still it 

not beyond the bounds of ])ossiliil- 
f. It does, however. a]) to nie 

be quite absurd to no (ui ami spci- 
ate on the many ways in which we 
ght utilize this power and to jire- 
nd that the whole way of civilization 
11 be revolutionized by it when we 
ve not yet producid from this scuiree 
single British thermal iniit. 


(1) For many ye.-irs to couu' we 
11 continue to dei)cu(l on fuels and 

falling water for jxiwer. There is 
nothing in sight .at the present time 
M-hieh e.-m t.-ike their ))l.-ice on :i\iv 
appreeialile ^e,,le. There will be 
sti'ady iiu're.ases in the ettieieney of 
])ro(lueiug and utilizing fuels whieh 
will prob.-ibly nuet the inere.ising de- 
mands f(U- )iower. More w;iter power 
sites will lie (levelo)ied. 

(■_') Direct eonversioii of tlu' chem- 
ical energy of fuiU to eieetrie.'il en- 
ergy h;is made little progress .iml 
there is nothing in sight at the ])res 
ent time to lead one to expect any 
]iractic;il ilex ilopmeuts, 

(:i) 111 spite iif the preilietiiuis of 
exh.austiim of our jictrolcum reserves 
in (ifteen or twenty years, discovery 
of new liehk .iiid advances in ])ro- 
dueing .and relining leehnolngy seem 
likely to postpone this for 
di'c.ades. When petroleum productiini 
is deliniteU on the w.ine we i;m turn 
to methods .already dcviloped for pro- 
ducing motor fuels .and fuel oils from .\lcohol from carbohvdratc crops 

;uid f.iriii w.istes .also su|)ply at ;i of our needs. 

( f ) Power from tides is technically 
possible but will ])robably remain eco- 
iiomie.illy unfeasible for many years. 

( .") ) I'owc r from the earth's heat or 
from temperature differences in the 
ocean offer litth promise .as future 
l.irge-scale sources of power. 

(<)) Dinct use of solar radiation 
is not xery ))romising in the light of 
|)reseiit know h dge but long-range re- 
siarcl thi problem should be con- 
tinued in the hope of making discov- 
eries which may .alter the picture. 

(7) Recent discoveries h.ave ))laced 
■ itomie power .it le.ast xvithin the 
Ixuuids of possiliility but most of the 
stories .about it in the |)ublic press 
are <|uite f.aiit.astie .and xx'ithout a basi.s 
in established fact. Research should. 
of course, be iutensircly pursued not 
necessarily with this end as a definite 
goal but jiurelx in the spirit of the 
search for truth, xvitli the possibility 
of finding the key to .atomic- jjower as 
,1 by-))rodiiet. 

These eouelusions .are simply one 
lierson's predictions b.ased on the 
,ix .ail.ible exidenee. .iiid predictions are 
.ilxv.ays li.iz.irdoiis. I .am reminded of 
the folloxxiiig preiiieticin of the great 
I'reneli piiiloso]>her, August Comte: 
'There ,iri some things of which the 
lium.iu r.iee must forever remain in 
iguor.iuee: for ex.-nuple, the chemical 
('(institution of the heavenly bodies." 
Comte died ill l.s.'iT .and just two 
ye.irs Later Hiiiiseii .and Kirchhofl' an- 
iiouncid their diseoxcry of spectrum 
.in.ilxsis. Only ten years Later .F.ann- 
scu and (independently) l.ockyer dis- 
lovered helium in the sun, which was 
long before its discovery on the earth. 
Who xx'ould li.ixi the temerity to say .any of the sourcPv of energy that 
noxc seem f.iiit.istie to Us can never 
beeoiiie n .il itic-s even in our 
lifetiuu ? 

liihiitiiirnph /I 

M.iuy sourei s li.ixe lucn consulted 
ill g.athering the ui.aterial on xvhich 
this |).aper is b.ised .and it is luit prac- 
ticable to gixe specific refc'reiua' to .all 
of tlicui. Ill gi the m.ain sources 
xvere the foilowiiii;' journ.als. books 
.and p.amphlets: 

I'UiisU;! /,■,;■;,„■. 


T,rhiinl„„,l /.•(:■;<;.■ (iml.lie.ili.iM of the 
Ahiimii .Xssneiatii.n of M. I. T.). 

Sr!<i,l!fir Mnnthhi. 

Sri, I,,;' .V,;e.. I.ilhr. 

Sl,,i:h„„.<, nf I ivilr.^tl.iii. liy C. C. Fiir- 

I'holusiiiilhi. ■<!.-■. liv .Spoc-lir. 

r,rhiinh,oir„l Tn',,,1.-^ anil \nl!,„i,il I'ol- 
irii. In National U.-soiirc-cs Cominitlc.'. 

'.\/o/,o- /••»,/.-■ lr„,„ r.nin I'ni.lnrls. V. S. 
Drpartnirnt of A L'riciilturr. Misc. I'lihli- 
eation, Xo. M.'T. 




is deep mined from both 5th and 6th 
veins in the high quaUty southern 
Ilhnois field — and from 6th vein, cen- 
tral Illinois district — 

refined of impurities and ultra fines — 

in 7-step Superior Processmg plants 
which represent nearly two million 
dollars invested in modem refining 

under continuous laboratory check- 
tests at each mine, of every car of coal 

A Teed '^^ °' .. un\^o^'^*^\uo^ ^°^ ' °veci 




-^ i^^i^a^ 

. . . and you will find, if you are a discriminating 
engineer or industrialist, that your plant, equipment, 
product and employees are protected by ECONOMY 
or TAMRES FUSES — a refinement in safety pro- 
duced by over a Quarter Century of Dependable Service. 

Economy Fuse and Manufacturing Company 

General Offices— Green view at Diversey Parkway 










The Undergraduate Curriculum provides for a four year program of day study leading 

•o the degree c! Bachelor of Science in chemical, civil, electrical, mechanical and fire 
protection engineering in chemistry, physics and mathematics, and in architecture 
The Graduate School, recently enlarged as to scope and lacilities, provides opportunity 
for graduate students to obtain further specialized training in engineering and science 
and to pursue work for the Master's and Doctor's degrees. The Cooperative Program. 
as a supplement to the regular undergraduate instruction in mechanical engineering 
provides an opportunity for students of limited financial means to complete, under the 
five year Cooperative course, the regular four year mechanical engineering program 
Evening Sessions. Many of the subjects taught during the day are offered in evening 
classes It is also possible to complete by evening study the work for the degree o: 
Bachelor of Science in civil, chemical, electrical and mechanical engineering. Special 
courses are offered for students and men in industry not interested in degrees; and it 
is possible, in many cases to complete graduate work for the Master's degree by 
evening study 


The curriculum provides for study leading to the Bachelor of Science degree .„ :-._ 
arts and sciences with courses in biology, business administration, chemistry, education. 
English, history, home economics, mathematics, physics, political science, psychology 
and sociology. The courses in Home Economics meet the needs of four groups o! stu- 
dents: Those who wish to study the arts and sciences fundamental to the management 
of the home; those who wish to become teachers; those who wish to prepare them- 
selves for vocations other than teaching; those who may wish to include in general 
college work courses having to do with the home and its relation to the community 
In the department of Business and Economics, instruction is given in accounting audit- 
ing, money and banking, production management, marketing, advertising, business 
law, statistics, and taxation. Pre-Proiessional Courses receive special attention. Courses 
in Education amply meet the requirements for an Illinois high-school teacher's certifi- 
cate. Evening Sessions. Evening instruction in the arts and sciences, including pre- 
professional courses, special courses for teachers and courses of general interest are 
offered on the Lewis campus. It is possible to complete, by evening study, work for 
the degree of Bachelor of Science in the arts and sciences business administratior. 
and home economics. In general, a varied program of engineering subjects for degree 
and sequence work is also available on the Lewis campus 


A proiessio.nai service to industry for experimental e.ngineenng research and develop- 

iDH HI I ini\s <n I in: i\srm rh.. 

GeiiiT;il liifnrriKilioM 
Evcniiii; Sf'-iuii- 

IIIK Kt:<,l>IK AH 
li- lii-titul>- iif Tfrhimlii 
:t:i(l2 Kfdt-ral Street 
( hi.ii:... Illinni- 


TIIVIKEN Tapered Roller Bearings 

Industry's bearing problems constantly are Increasing In number and 
importance due to the rapid developments and improvements In machin- 
ery of all kinds. 

Speeds are going higher and higher. Operating loads — both radial and 
thrust — are becoming heavier and heavier. Working clearances of moving 
parts are getting closer and closer. 

So In order to meet all modern requirements an anti-friction bearing must 
be able to do a lot more than eliminate friction. It must also be able to 
carry any load or combination of loads that are imposed on It — radial, thrust or both to- 
gether — and at the same time hold shafts, gears and other vital moving parts In correct 
and constant alignment. 

TIMKEN Tapered Roller Bearings have been doing all of these things — and doing them 
effectively — for more than 41 years. Today they are used in automobiles, motor trucks, 
trailers, streamlined trains and locomotives, steel rolling mills, precision machine tools — in 
fact wherever smoothness, accuracy and stamina must be assured. 

TIMKEN Bearings are made by one of the world's out- 
standing engineering-manufacturing Institutions ... a 
large and financially strong organization with complete 
research, production and testing facilities, Including 
the world's largest electric furnace steel capacity. 




The attractive Gift 
Carton that says 

Copyright l>10. liGOin & Mvea^ Tobacco Co 


MARCH, 1941 

•••■ST' ■,.. '^, 1' 


" 1 '« 
V^*. •% 1 

M_pl-( ^ I ^l'' <>/ il" rvmiirkiihly /iiirr iinil uniform wliilv mlor Hiiro liloiir ii.ic is wiiiiiinu: "c/e 
JJ fii\<>r in man}' iiiiliislrirx. \lori- and iiiorr iniiniifiirliirrrs nre sliiniliirilizin<r on it iis llie 
roinplvlrly rrlitililv Uliiiir I i.ic for use in /iro<lurl.s wlirrc t/utilily unit iiniforinily of results nre essen- 
liiil. itl\itnln>^eons. loo. is the iil>svnre of free nlkiilinily or ociililw orliinid liy llie nnnsiiolly ri^iil 
nielliiiils /) //(■(( eni/>loys lo ronlrol ils nrnlriilily. The resnil is lliiil il 
nuiy hr nseil with ron/iilenie for ii ■srent \iirirly of jinr/iosis. I on ore 
insiteil lo send for IrinI i/nonlities iind niol;e tests in \onr /iroresses, 
M itro lllonr I ire is nmilnhle in .'>(! on, I KKI III. Ini'j:s ond H.'itl Ih. horrels. 

sMt\tiH'TrMr/:t:n. i\0 

M iM / i( ti «;.«> f >/( IC\f(ii<i hii>. 

yr, \l;„li...i, \..-. • II... Ml \l,ll. -I • ( I,,..,-... Iril.iiiii- l..«.r • ' 1. wl.,„,l. 1,1(1 

N I • ll.,ll;,. I. X.... Mil 11,11:,. \ .,1 ll.,,,L It, ,,1.1, M.J • W ,1,-.. MM,,,,.- « II,.. (),l ,v 1 

I II, I',..,,., r x-|.i,.,ii I ..„,|.„,,, . r i„,,.ii. 1 .,, „,|,:„,> • 1 ,,r,iL-M oir,,-.. I !..„. I , 


6'BCantbus /\/ews 


BACK in '29, when rhe water siippK in Tacoma, 
Washiington, was so low that rhe hydro- 
electric stations could not generate enough 
electricity tor the city's requirements, the U.S.S. 
Lexington — a turbine-electric drive airplane car- 
rier — supplied the power necessary to titie rhe city 
rhrough rhe emergency. 

A year larer on the opposite side ot the country, 
the Jacoiia, a ship built during the last war, was 
made into a floating power plant by installing 
two io,ooo-kw turbine-generators in its hull. Ir is 
at present in service on the Piscaraqua Ri\er 
near Portsmouth, N. H. 

General Electric is ni)\\ studying the possibiliries 
of a i;o,ooo-kw floaring power plant, which could 
be towed through America's coastal and inland 
waterways and hooked up to regular distribution 
lines to generate electricity in emergencies. .Such a 
gcneratinsz station Cf)uld be housed m a hull similar 
to that ot a lake treiyhrer. 


So pi)\serhil rhat its atom-smashing beam ot 
ions would melt an ordinary brick as tast as a 
blowtorch would melt a pound ot butter will be 
the U. of California's new 100,000,000-volt cyclo- 
tron. The 4900-ton giant — 16 times more 
powerful than the present outfit -will generate 
atomic energies greater than an\ now in existence 

except m disrant stars or elsewhere in cosmic 

Atomic particles will be fed into a circular 
chamber w here the\' will receive successi\'e "kicks," 
whirling them around in continually widening 
circles until the\' reach a winiiow or port on the 
side of the chamber. The element to be bombarded 
will be placet] oxer this window where it will re- 
cei\e the full force if the ion beam. 

I'Or this machine General Electric is building 
electric equipment, which will occup\' the space 
of a two-story house. The chief function of this 
equipment will be to make ordinar\- electric current 
capable of operating the giant atom smasher. 


A.BANY HdSPITAl. was in an uproar. I'he 
technicians in charge of rhe hospiral's 
radium supply had losr a radium "needle" — only 
j;. :; milligrams to be sure, bur enough to burn a 
person seriously if the needle were caught for long 
in his shoe or clothing. 

.An appeal for help was sent ro rhe (Jeneral 
Elecrric Research I.aborator>' in Schenectadx' for a 
"Geiger Counter"- an electric "ear" which detects 
and amplifies the otherwise inaudible "explo- 
sion" of rhe raciium as ir breaks liown. 

When Dr. C. W. Hewlert i N. C. ."^tate, 'oM of rhe 
G-E Research Laboratory entered the suspected 
operating room, the counter immediately began 
to "cluck" its warning of radioactivity nearby. 
.After a false start, the counter took to the trail 
like the Hawkshaw it is, and eventually, as Dr. 
Hewlett lowered ir to rhe floor in front of a 
radiator, the clucks became barks. And there, 
snuggled against the wall under the radiator, was 
rhe missina radium. 


March, 1941 

Ijcoiioiyi ira I hii i Id i ii jjs, 
as modern as air lraiisi)ort 






Aifpotr Administration Building, Grand 
Rapids, Mirh., designed for concrete by 
Spencer Weber, structural engineer,of 
Lansing. Above close-up shows concrete 
grilles, rustication and lettering, and fine 
job of smooth-texture Forming. Con- 
struction went on during winter months. 







The \ ifjoroiis. ^jrow i iifi a\iation iiidiislry has 
Ix-rn i|uirk to <'a|>ilalizo the advantages of con - 
<Tetf as a foinbine«l architeetiiral and structural 
medium. Typi<'al is lh<- <>rand Hapids .Virporl 
A«hninislrati<>n Buildin<:, (lesigne*! for concrete. 

.\<laptal>le to almost any .shape or form, con- 
<Telc permits walls, frame, floors an«l roofs (o 
be cast as a unit in one fircsafc. cndurin-; ma- 
terial. First cost is moderate, maintenance lo^s . 

.\sk your archit«-cl or <'H};incer al>out con- 
crete's possibilities for your public. coninier<-ial 

or industrial buibiiii^. Literature >vill b«' s<-nl 
free on rcipicst in thel niled Stales and Canatla. 

See Sucef's Catalou. Section I- 10 


Dept. D3-4, 33 W. Grand Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 

A national organization to improve and extend the uses of con- 
crete . . . through scientific research and engineering field work 

chitectural and structural functit 

nduring material 





Gordon Ericlison is Musical Director at Illinois MARCH 

Institute of Technoloqv. 



Francis W. Godwin Is Director of Chemical 
Engineering Research in the Armour Re- 
search Foundation. 

Robert C. KIntner Is Associate Professor of 
Chemical Engineering. 

Philip O'Kelly Is a sophomore student In the 
Deoartment of Architecture. 

George W. Petersen graduated from the De- 
partment cf Civil Engineering at Armour 
Institute of Technology In 1933. Before 
graduation he had been emoloyed by sev- 
eral material and contracting firms.. From 
1933 until November. 1940. he was with 
the Public Works Administration, serving 
for five years on the Loup River develoc- 
ment as Supervising Engineer and as Chief 
Resident Engineer Inspector. hie Is nov/ 
Field Supervisor and Engineer for the Na- 
tional Youth Administration. 



35 WEST 33RD STREET, By Francis W. Godwin 


Bv Robe^* C. Kirrner 


THE MUSICAL CLUBS, B, Gordon Er'ckson 




THE BOOK SHELF, Bv Ph;i,p O Kellv 
FROM YEAR TO YEAR, B. A. H. Jens, '31 



John I. Yellott Is Professor of Mechanical 
Engineering, Director of the Department of 
Mechanical Engineering, and Chairman of 
the Committee on Engineering Defense 

J. B. FINNEGAN, Edi+or-in-Chiei 

A. H. JENS, Alumni Editor 

Student Editors 
Joseph Aberer E. C. Niezgodskl 
Roy J. Belllo Clifford K. Peterson 

B. H. Hooper R. W. Smith 

Edward Yuknls 

GRANT McCOLLEY, Associate Editor 
LEE C. HIGGINS, Business Manager 

Student Assistants. Business Staff 
Robert Bechtolt J. W. Harnach 
Gordon Brown R. E. Kubiti 
E. J. Colant 
W. J. Dres 
M. L. Fitch 
B. E. Flood 

G. R. Mahn 
Charles Rowbotham 
R. W. Smith 
Richard Van VIeet 

Publlslied :n October, December. March, ond May. Subscription rale i 1 ,50 per Editonal and Business Otice Ar 
Enqineerinq of Illinois institute of Techncloav. 3300 federal Street Ctiicaqo, lllin,.-;', 

\^arch, 1941 




An Architect's Idea of the New institute^ lor :i m nv An r cniilHIs. ilustrial leaders. Iirhl iii tlir ( 'lii.aiio last vrar. Annoiir Iiistilulc .it Tirl 

C(iiic<i\.(l a (i.caii. i>r sii an.i. arc i.i Chili on .laiiNary 1-1. Sji.akiiin on noloi;v Inishrs u . rr (|iii(tly at woi 

Im- in a - r. at ly cnlarncl the same o.casi.ui. Wilfrid Syk. s. a<.|uirinii titir to \arious jianTlN ( 

<ani|ins wliicli will house all day sin ihairnian of the board's |ioliey coin land adjinnin;; th.' Armour eanipi 

ihiit aelivities now .inidu<-ted hy rritt... and I'resideiil 1 leiiry '1'. I lea Id on the South Side. Mr. CunninjillJl 

Illinois Institut.- (d' 'r,.hiudi>i;y ,a'l of the Institute des.rihed the pr.i re\ealed. .\s .a r, suit, the new o;in 

.\rniour Colleiie of Mn^iineiTln!;" .and iinim's ol>Jeeti\es .and . ni|ihasi/.( ,1 llie |jus will i niln-ai e six hloeks <\U'tu 

Lewis Institute of Arts .and Selenees, slj;nificaiua' of the recant Arnu.ur in^ from -l.'nd to .! fth Street, ai' 

Aiin.nnicenient of this <h\ . lo|iment . Lewis meri;-. r. p.irl i( ularly in its r. from St.ate Street to the N'ew Yol 

which inv(d\es .a huildlnu pro'j.r.nn of lalion to (hNelopment in ( <ntral lioek<l v.iilroad track 

•t^i.onO.OOd. m.ade liv .Lames I). Ilii Mid-west .ana of whieli ( hle.m,. I'in.anein:; ..f the proi;rani will T 

Cunninnham. eh.airman of tli, Ho.ard is the center. .juire. in .addition to •■^.•i.dOO.OOO f. 

of Trust. IS. .-it a linieheou of ni.oa- l',\.ii jn'ior to the ui. ri;. r. whl.h tin- .■.instrncti.m .an.l .iiuipmrnt 10(1 of Chicago's .i\ie .ami in .drnpht..! in .lul\ of n.H luiil.linus. the iliMh> 


new income sources capable of pro- 
ducinic •$275,000 annually. Translated 
into terms of endowment at current 
vield. this would mean the addition 
of virtually -ta.OOO.OOO to the Insti- 
tute's present capital funds. It i> 
expected, however, that a portion of 
this income can be secured in the 
form of continuing annual gifts from 
industry and other sympathetic quar- 

Illinois Institute of Technologv 
has become, as a result of the merger, 
the largest institution of its kind, 
from the standpoint of enrollment, in 
the United States. During the current 
scholastic year it is anticijjated that 
no less than 7.000 students will en- 
Iroll in all sessions. 
I In addition, the Institute, cooper- 
ating with the federal government, 
already is providing instruction for 
some 1.500 men, many of them grad- 
uate engineers, in intensive engineer- 
ing courses which constitute a part 
Isf the national defense prosrani. mil 

as this issue of The Engineer goes 
to press, plans are being perfected 
for the training of an additional 
1.000 men in such classes. 

At the beginning of the ])resent 
school ye;ir. engineering activities, 
witii the txieption of certain fresh- 
ni.m courses, were concentrated u])on 
the Armour campus, and it is deemed 
essential in the interest of economy 
and etficienty tliat all day-student ac- 
tivities he limited to a single campus. 
This cannot be accomplished until 
plant and eqnii)ment adequate for the 
aceoniniodation of 2.500 day students 
are provided, and the operating mar- 
gin between educational costs and 
calculable income from existing en- 
dowment and student fees is covered. 
The current development ])rograni is 
designed to meet this situation at tiie 
earliest possible date. 

The Iniilding jjrogram over the 
next few years includes the follow- 
ing specific projects: a Library and 
Humanities Building, a Metallursrical 

Engineering Building. Engineering 
and .Science Buildings, a .Student 
L'nion, a Physical Education Build- 
ing, the first unit of a Mechanical 
Laboratorv Building, and a Power 

The first phase of this program, 
involving construction of tlie Library 
and Humanities Building and the 
Metallurgical Engineering Building, 
will be launched just as soon as the 
necessary funds are secured. This 
financing, as well as the develop- 
ment of the increased annual income 
sources required for operation of the 
activities which they will house, is 
to be undertaken at once. 

For this purpose, the policy com- 
mittee of the Board of Trustees has 
been resolved into a finance commit- 
tee for the purpose of approaching 
industry, the community, alumni, and 
other friends for the necessary 
cial support. 

Tlie policy committee consists of 
^^■ilfred Svkes. .\ssistant to the Pres- 

A Por+ion of the Present Institute 

vlarch, 1941 


Above: This Familiar Unsightly Corner Will Change Its Face 
3elow: Slum Dwellings Like These Will Be Replaced by Modern College Buildings 




(Jit of Inland Steel Company, 
laiinian; James D. Cunningham, 

■liniian of the Institute's Board of 
iii-.t.<s and President of Republic 

o« Meters Company; Charles S. 

ivis. President, Borg-Warner Cor- 
iration; Henry T. Head, President 
till- Institute; Sydney G. McAllis- 
r. President, International Harves- 
r C oinpany, and Charles B. N'olte, 
■-iilcnt. Crane Company. 

A Development Office has been 
M 111(1 by the Institute on tiie 7th 
Mir .it 79 West Monroe Street, Chi- 
;;ii. and the organization of per- 
iiiH 1 for prosecution of this phase 
tin appeal is well under way. 

I)iiiiiig the last four weeks a series 
iii\ itational group meetings lias 
(11 initiated under the sponsorshij) 
a special committee headed bv Drever, President, American 
ri 1 i'oundries. These meetings, at- 
iiili (1 by outstanding industrialists 
(1 liiisiness men of tlie community, 
( litvoted to explanation of the 

liirarii and of ])lans for its fiiianc- 

\lready associated witli Mr. l)rt\er 
chairmen of individual meetings 
■: .Me.xander I). Bailey, \'ice- 
airiiiaii. Chief Operating Engineer 
Coiiinioiiwealtli Edison Comiiany; 
. iiif, I). Cunningham; Arthur J. R. 

irtis of The Portland Cement Asso- 
iitidii: Charles S. Davis; Newton C. 

irr lit Farr and Company, realtors; 

lol]ili H. Fensholt, Pres'ident, The 

■iishiilt Company; John M. Frank, 

■esidtnt. Ilg l-'.lectric Ventilating 
iinipany: I'-dwiii O. Griifenhagen of 
< iff( iihagen and Associates, account- 
:ts: Robert B. Harper, Vice-Presi- 
<nt. Peoples Gas Light and Coke 
iimpany; Frank A. Hccht, financier. 

Charles W. Hills, Jr., of the tirm 
' ( liarles W. Hills, attorneys; Ray- 
iiiiii .1. Koch, President, Felt and 
,'irraiit Manufacturing Company; ,1. 
I'arreii McCaffrey, attorney; Ber- 
ird I.. McNulty. "President, "Marble- 
lad Lime Comjianv; Samuel Marx, 
.•cliitcct; Harold W. Munday, Vice- 

•i ^iiirnt, McGann Manufacturing 
'iiii|iiiiy: Harris Perlstein, Presi- 
'iit, I'abst Brewing Company; Pro- 

^^cr John .J. Schommer; Bernard 

Siiiiiiy, Director, Illinois Bell Tel- 

ilioiic Company; Harold A. Vagt- 

Ilg. Director. Armour Researcli 

'iiiiil ition; Harry A. Wells, Presi- 
'iit. Wells Securities, Inc., and Ben- 
Jiiiii Wham of Wliaiii and O'Brien. 

■A jiiiblicity coiiiiiiittee is also being 
'iiiii/cd to function as part of the 

iiil iiising organization under the 
' liniiaiishi}) of James M. Rodger. 

>| I'risident and Western Mana- 
■I- 111 MeCiraw-Hill Publishin"- Com- 

arch, 1941 

In discussing the development pro- 
gram, Mr. Sykes recently called at- 
tention to several aspects of the 
industrial situation which make neces- 
sary the development of a "great 
technological center " for service to 
industry in tlie Mid-west area of 
which Chicago is the hub. 

He pointed out that 25 perctiit of 
the working population of this region 
is engaged in the manufacturing, 
communication, and transportation in- 
dustries, which constitute the gauge 
of demand for trained engineers, and 
tliat this Cliicago area represents one 
of the largest concentrations of in- 
dustry in the country, with twice as 
many individuals engaged in these 
industries as there are in any other 
metropolitan area with the exception 
of Xew York. He added that tlie 
number of engineers per worker em- 
ployed here has increased more rap- 
idly than in any other city in the 
Lnited States. 

Ill the light of these facts, the 
Trustees of the Institute feel that 
liy any yardstick Chicago should 
liave a school of the industries com- 
{laralile in every respect to the best 
ill the country. By way of com- 
parison, they have adduced the fol- 
lowing figures: 

Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology in tile East has an enrollment 
of .3,093 students, a .'flf. 000,000 
])lant and an endowment of rf'^O,- 

California Institute of Technology 
on the Pacific Coast has 862 students, 
a .^7, 759,000 plant and an endowment 
of .^11,^56,000. 

Illinois Institute of Teeluiology. on 
the other hand, while having an a])- 
proximate annual enrollment of 7.000 
day and evening students equivahiit 
to 3400 full-time students, has only a 
.^2.200.000 plant, and an endowment 
of only .$1,861,000. 

.Success in the present dcxelop- 
ment is counted upon in large meas- 
ure to correct this discrepancy. 

Selection of the Library and Hu- 
manities Building and tlie Metallurg- 
ical Engineering Building as the two 
units in the construction program to 
be financed during 191.1, has been 
made in view of the urgency of the 
need, it is exiilaiiied bv President 

Erection of the Library and Hu- 
manities lluihliiig will permit the 
tr.insfer of .ill day-student activities 
from Lewis Institute to the new 
c;imj)iis .-it the earliest possible date. 
.\t the same time it will release for 
other essential activities space in old 
Chapin Hall now devoted to ni:it!ie- 
niaties and other courses to be per- 
nianeiitly housed in the Huiii.iiiitiis 

The Library unit will not only 
permit proper development of the 
Institute's reference resources and a 
consolidation of Armour and Lewis 
book holdings, but will accommodate 
administrative offices and free much- 
needed space in the old Main Build- 
ing for use by the Electrical Engi- 
neering Department. 

At ])resent Illinois Institute of 
Technology has no curriculum in 
.Metallurgical Engineering, and can- 
not take its place among the great 
technological centers of the country 
until tiiis deficiency is remedied. 
Erection of the Metallurgical Engi- 
neering Building will not only pro- 
vide for this department but will also 
free space in existing campus 
buildings urgently required by the 
Mechanical Engineering Department, 
until such time as suitable quarters 
for the latter can be provided. 

Construction and equijiment costs 
are estimated as .$1,018,000 for the 
Library and Humanities Building, 
and .$256,000 for the Metallurgical 
Engineering Building — a total of 

The J 941 financing effort is de- 
signed to raise this money and at 
tile same time to develop new income 
sources to provide .$150,000 annually. 
It is hoped to assure this income 
through the addition of approxi- 
mately $4,.300,000 to existing en- 
dowment, or through continuing an- 
nual gifts aggregating .$150,000, or 
tiirouli a combination of both. 

In ciMinection with tliis program, 
the Board of Trustees has drawn up 
.1 "Definition of Purpose." in which 
tiiey state the position of the Insti- 
tute as follows : 

"liiiiiois Institute of Teclinoloiiv 

"Tiiat the future of the United 
.States depends, as never before, upon 
scientific development of our natural 
resources . . . human and material. 

"That our youth must be schooled 
in the principles of true Americanism 
. . . tliat they may apply their knowl- 
edge to the preservation .and improve- 
ment of our social, and 
icoiiomic welfare. 

"Th;it teehnologicil training, sup- 
lileniented by a knowledge of the 
liiiiiianities ,ind social sciences, is an 
e^M ritial reiiuireinent for the task 

1 ii'it tills tr.iining must accord 
witli tile iiigiiest seiiolastic standards. 
" br.iins' are where you find 
them, and. this being so. that the 
Institute's service must be kept avail- 
able to tliosc of modest means and to 
those who must earn as they learn. 

"That the Institute's resources 

slioiiltl be ilcMiti il to the advancement 

(Turn to page 51 ) 




At tlif comer ot Thirtv-tliird ami 
Dtarborn Strftts stands a weatluTtd 
three-story huildiiig. As one of the 
units of the famous Armour flats, it 
was already a |)art of Chieago's writ 
ten history when its present work 
heiian. In external appearanee tin 
only change lias been the addition 
of eighteen bronze letters spellinu 
"Research Foundation" over an 
arched stone doorway. L'niler thest 
letters now J)as^ the mwest tilings in 
the world. 

In SepteiiilM-r. i!i:!ti, the Aniiour 
Research Foundation then called 
the Research Foundation of Arninur 
Institute of Technology — was born a^ 
a not-for-profit institution to serve 
industry in scientific research and ex 
pirimental engineering. Unlike its 
two sisters (Mellon Institute of In- 
dustrial Research at Pittsburgh and 
Hattelle Memorial Institute at Co 
li'iiilins) the Armour Research I'oini 
datioii did not "spring fully armed" 
fiom a huge endowment, but made a 
relatively modest beginning. It was 
determined that its success or failure 
must depend upon its value to the in 
dustries and the nation that it was to 
serve, (irowth would come naturally 
ir, proportion to its service, for in 
dustry would \):\y the bills if the Ixii 
etits derived exceeded the outlay. 

The first laboratories were on the 
ground floor of tin- building at ;J.") 
West ;!.'ird Street. Today, after four 
and one-li.ilf years and never a dull 
niDiiient. the .\rmour Research Foiin 
ilatinn's .activities occupy four buihi 
iiiiis ill .addition to a number of sup 
plementary Laboratories. Plans for 
.mother unit are .already on the draw- 
ing boards, .and even more space will 
undoubtedly be needed by the time 
this is ])rinte<i. The original build 
iiig is now the iur\e <-enter of the 
organization, housing the olhees of 
.idministr.ation .and most of the scien- 
tific staff as well as m.iiiy of the spe- 

Multlple X-ray diffraction camera for studies in crystal structure and 



A scale-model aluminum alloy truck running loaded over a mechanical "rough high- 
way" in a performance test. 

lalizfd lalioratorifs. Taken in order 
f acquisition, tlie next is a smaller 
uihiinj; once known to Armour 
lumni as the "Ice Lah." now devoted 
liietly to fuel and combustion studies, 
structure boasts no less than five 
inokestacks. and its interior is 
rowded with various types of high 
lid low-pressure boilers, furnaces. 
;oves, stokers, and similar equipment. 
s well as a iOO.OOO-pound testing 
lachine. The third building, soon to 
e doubled in size, is a special one 
ecupied with foundry research. Of. 
articular note here is machinery 

liicli die-casts iron under pressure. 

he latest building to hv lidded is a 
irg( r one of modern fac'tory type 

instruction, housing a number ot in- process pilot |)lant-.. a large 

Diesel engine l.ihoratory with six en- 
gines equip])ed with dynamometers, 
and the greatly expanded Research 
Foundation shops wherein are pro- 
duced the numerous special instru- 
ments and articles of research equiji- 
ment not generally available. These 
shops, manned by .1 staff of expert 
machinists, welders, carpenters ;ind 
electricians. sui)plement the scientitic 
staff in the construction or alter.ition 
of machines and devices under devel- 
o))nuiit. and minimize research delays 
such as would ensue if dependence 
to be pl.iced on outside shoi)s .ilri-.idy 
crammed with b.icklog orders. 

The -Vrnioin- Kesearcli I'oundation 
is essentially the comlunation of ,1 
staff of highly tr.iineil iiidustriaily 
niindrii rese;irc!i nii-n in thi- x:irioiis 

ticliK ol ( ngine( ring and science, to- 
gether with till j)hysical plant and 
laboratory f.icilities necessary for 
these men to de\elop the new things 
that industry wants. .Vlthough affili- 
.ited and working closely with the Illi- 
nois Institute of Technology, the He- 
se.irch Foundation is in reality a sep- 
.ir.ite cori)oration with its own Board 
of Directors, olficers. statf and facil- 
ities. This j)ermits such desirable 
features as confidential unpublished 
reports of specific investigations aiui 
the .assignment of patent rights to 
sponsoring coinj);inies. Research is 
<lone rapidly by full-time men. a large 
portion of whom hold a Ph.D. degree. 
In .iddition to technical training. ))ri- 
m.iry requisites for stalT members in- 
eludi- ing(nuit\. ini.isination, enthu- 

1arch, 194! 

siasui, a co-operative spirit, and an 
uiulerstanding of tin- industrial view- 
point. Such men do not i;row on 
trees and accordinj;! y are retained as 
permanent statV instead of lieinii' liired 
on a "fellowship" basis fur tlir diiia 
tion of a specific projeit. 

Approximately m tliousand com 
panics. indi\ i<hials. aiul association- 
of manufacturers in all parts of tli< 
United -States have utilized the ser\ 
ices of the Uescarih I'oundation. Ti. 
date IlM) loiiii-terin ri search |)rojects 
li;i\f been undertaken, each for the 
devcloi)nunt of some new or improved 
process, method. equi|)ment or prod- 
uct. .Apart from the sponsored proj 
ects. a luunber of fnnilamental re- 
search projects ;ire ciiiistantly in 
progress, aimed at the creation of new 
scientitic tools to make possible fur 
tiler advancement of tin- frontiers of 
science and industry. 

l-"or purposes of administration and 
co-ordination of the work the Founda- 
tion is separated into seven broad divi- 
sions of scientitic endeavor, namely: 
Ceramics and Nonmetallics. Chemical 
Engineering. Chemistry. Electricity 
and .Sound. Ex])erinuntal Engineer- 
ing. Light, and Metallurgy. Each of 
tliese has its specialized staff of men 
trained in the particular field and 
headed by a division director respon- 
sible for the conduct of investigations 
under his charge. 

A research project m.iy begin with 
a letter from an executive of a largi 
manufacturing company in. say. Day 
ton, Ohio. The company is attempt 
ing to work out cirtain improvement-, 
in its process wliicli. if successful. c,-ui 
sa\e many thous.ands of dollars ])ei- 
year. .Vs a matter of fact, the eoni- 
p.any its own rrseareli de|)art- 
ment. but. as is tlie ease more oft<n 
that not. there are so many rush jobs 
of troubb--shooting continually crop 
ping u]) that this department simply 
cannot concentrate on the longer-term 
devrlnpmtiit. E\i-ry p.assing day 
ine.ins mon<y lost until the improve- 
meiits .are successfully incorjiorati d. 

.\fter a brief correspondence in 
which the jiolicies of the Research 
l''ound;ition are outlined, a meeting is 
arrangtil. Present are the company 
executive and ,i number of his tech- 
nical men. as well as the several mem 
bers of the Research I'oundation staff 
whose fields are ccniecrncd in the 
j)roblem. In the discussion the details 
are brought out and it becomes clear 
that the problem is ,.ne for the Metal 
lurgy Division. 

.V tentative plan of in\ estigation is 
offered for apjiroval. .Meanwhile both 
the sponsor and tin- I'cnnidation ap- 
point members of a joint steering 
committee. .V stand.ard .igreemtiit form 
is jireparcd. stating the objectives 

Special Knudsen-fype direct reading high vacuum gauge developed for 
study of vacuum pumps. 

of tlir project, providing for written If in the eoursr of a met.allurgi 

reports. tn-.atment of linilings in project it becomes necess.ary to \n 

strict confidence, assignment of )iat some X-r.iy studies, the Light Divis 

cuts, .and reserving the partii ular is called in. If tile process machin' 

field of study exclusively for this dem.inds a special electronic C(Uil 

sponsor for the duration of the Jiroj- or |)erliai)s .1 removal of vibr.ation. 

ect. With such det.ails taken care of. s. rviees of the Klectricity and .'^01 

work is started ,at once. Oni- man Division .are jivail.ible at once. T 

I more it neiassary ) is .assigned to t!ii' each sponsor ]i.ays for ,a single ni 

task .iiul in this case it is .1 suitably but his project receives wii.-itever 

(|U.iliti((l met.allurgist. Probably his tention is needed from a staff of si 

first act is to m.ike a critical inspec- whose range of specialization co\ 

tion of tile D.iyton |)l.ant. unless t'lis virtually anything, however ur 

was done in the preliminary period. pected, that may develop during 

His early findings will determine the work. 
next steps. The jiast eighteen months of 


Research Foundation's service to in- 
dustry have been especially marked 
by increasing facilities for the investi- 
gation of industrial problems of an 
;ver broadening variety. Significant 
advances have been made in all divi- 
sions, and in several instances large 
idditions have been effected at a sin- 
gle stroke. 

With tlie absorption of the Ceramics 
Department of Lewis Institute by the 
Ceramics and Nonmetallics Division 
)n September 1. 1940. there came into 
)eing one of the most completely 
equipped and staffed ceramics lahora- 
ories in the Middle West. Special 
■quipment now available in the coni- 
lined laboratories includes kilns and 
'urnaces. ball and pebble mills, 
rrinding. mixing and blending ma- 
•hinery. temperature measuring in- 
itruments and analytical a])paratus. 
For research by higii temperature and 

petrographic methods the p e t r o- 
grapiiic laboratory is provided with 
both polarizing and reflecting micro- 
scopes, supplemented by attachments 
and by cutting, grinding and polishing 
discs and caps, as well as an elec- 
trically heated hydraulic press for im- 
bedding materials in plastics for ex- 
amination. A large set of calibrated 
refractive index media is kept at hand 
for })owder studies and mineral iden- 
tification by the oil immersion metiiod. 
Studies in progress include investiga- 
tions in refractories, enamels and 
pencil leads. 

In the Chemical Engineering Divi- 
sion, laboratory space has been in- 
creased by one additional unit of 1200 
square feet and another of smaller 
area. The first of tliese is being de- 
voted to industrial food processing 
researcii and includes, as one item of 
its equipment, an ex|H-riniental flour 

mill. Tiie second liouses a complete 
air conditioned pilot plant for tlie de- 
velopment of chewing gum manufac- 
turing processes on a full scale. Other 
laboratories of this division are cur- 
rently producing developmental infor- 
mation in certain drying processes, 
commercial containers, and the pro- 
gram of solid fuel preparation and 
combustion studies which lias con- 
tinued in several new channels since 
the establishment of the Researcii 

The Cliemistry Division has ac- 
quired an additional laboratory to be 
utilized for investigations in bacteri- 
ology and the biological aspects of 
chemical research. Special equipment 
is now being installed for these 
studies and will include incubators, 
autoclaves. centrifuge. microscopes 
and auxiliary ap|)aratus. Research in 
tliis division has .idvanced in recent 

A load of die-cast iron pipe flanges from the experimental foundry. 


/larch, 1941 

iijoiitlis on MiniiiTous fronts. ,i (j.-irtinl 
list of wliicli inchi<lts pro- 
teins. slull;u'. |)ro(liuts. |>l.i>tiis. 
coatin-is. .■idlR-siMs. inks. inMiiitirs. 
and j)l_v\vood. 

A combination smnui prool .uhI 
i-l.itrically slii.ld,,! r.ioni lias 1„-,m 
add.-d to till' alr.aily .xttnsivf facil 
itits of tlif Klcctricity and .Sound I)i 
vision. 'I'lif tkctrical sliicldiiifr ot 
this room is said to lie second to nom. 
and proved itself esj)eeially val 
ual)le in r.idio interferenee studiis. 
N'ewly .iddcd e<iiiipnient in tlic lali 
oratories of this division inehides a 
noise and fncpieney analyzer .nid re 
eorder. larac e.-ithode ray oseilloseo])e. 
and lo^rarithniic aniplitier. Ainonc; the 
current studies of i)artieular interest 
are investii^atioiis of nois. character 
isties of pipes .ind \aK(s and th.- 
develo|)nient of eaii iilatinij- niaeiiines. 
sound recordinii; e<]uipnient. air eoni 
pressors and remote control. 

The l-'.\|ierinHrit,il Kniiineerinu- l)i 
vision is maintained jirim.-irily to i-:[n\ 
on work of an enjiineerini;- /ind testini; 
nature incidint to the development of 
a wide v.-iriety of machines .-ind proil- 
Uets. To tliis , nd the division has in 
the jiast year inen ased its utility .-(in 
.sidir.ilily with three new lahoratories. 
One of these now houses the recenth 
built apj)aratus for fliiiht i)crformancc 
testinir of golf l.alls. In another a s^ t 
of three wind tunnels, one of them 
ten feet in di;inieter, is hein;;- i reeted. 
The new Diesel Laboratory is the lar- 
gtst and has been in continuous 
twenty-four-hour o])eration since its 
install.-ition. .Six engines are in i)Lice. 
with another six soon to he added. .\ii 
overhead tr;ivelinff hoist .assists in the 
studi.s. as regularly scheduled t;ike 
down and .-issemhly of .-ngines is in- 
volved. Lubrication tests arc furtlii r 
aided by the recently acquired hii;h 
pressure lubricant testing machine. 
Improvements h/ivc also been etfected 
in oldir l.ibor.itories, and ;. short time 
ago an added chandur within the 
const.ant tcmper.iture room made |)os 
sibic the .-ittainment of ;i wind of ■_'()() 
miles per hour at (u degrees below 

.More than K)() long and short-term 
investigations have been undertak. n 
by the Kxperimental Kngineering l)i 
vision during the past includini;- 
.such subjects as coal stokers, stoves" 
crane girders, exhaust blowers, 
gear reducers, golf b.dls and imple- 
ments, lubricants, solenoid brakes, 
cat.alyst measunincnts, thermal insu 
Intion, window shades, window con 
struetion, wall plaster. ,iir condition 
ing equipmenl. vajxir proof .md 
v.atcr-proof linings. copi)er roofs, sky- 
lights, .automotive testing eqtiipmcrit. 
relief valv.s and similarly dissimilar 


Automatic goKer which tees the balls, drives them, measures their flight and 
sorts them at machine-gun speed. 

.\ Ste.ini l..ihor.itory I i|ui|ip( (1 w ith .1 i (juipment wherein the How of steam 
generator ea|iable of pro<lucing .l.dlllt thrcugh mizzles and orifices can be ol 
pounds of per hour .it 7.".() s.rved directly through glass win- 
pounds pr( ssun- is in oper.itioii. .\d dows. One such unit incorporates a 
difii> units .also provide sli.nii at Mil \'enturi shap.-d nozzle, the angle be 
*" I"" P"iii.ds [inssure in (|U.intitics tween the si<les ol which can be varied 
up to l(l,()()() per hour if .le „||j|,. (|„, ,,,..„„ H„w ,s under observa- 
ma.Hhd, as well as smaller quantities ,j„„^ Designe.l for fundamental studv 

.•it .iny jiressures u|i to 1 JOO poinids 
per s(pi.ire inch. These units. «itli 
condensing .-ind \ .■icuuiu prcducinit 
eijuipnuiit .-ind sinn';ir items. olVer i \ 
<-eption.-il f.acilitirs tor testing .iiul di 
veloj.ment work on steam In .'it tr.uisfer 
.■ip|i.-ir.itus. Ciiiiiur f, .-itures include 

of the ex)),ansion of saturated .steam 
this a|) is also suitable for .spe- 
I projects in flow :it moderate pres- 
sures. M.iiiy i)roblems in the flow of 
tlui<ls recpiirc the us.- of sm.ill scale 
(Turn to page 52) 




Distillation column constructed entirely of stainless steel. 

TIr- field of i-nilf;i\()r of cht-niical 
Lnginteriiig covers the design, con- 
struction and operation of plants for 
the manufacture of products, the 
])rocesses for which involve change in 
state or composition. Such processes 
usually involve bringing materials 
tiigether under such controlled con- 
ditions that the chemical reaction will 
jiroceed in the proper direction, at the 
proper speed, and to the jjroper de- 
gree of completion. When this re- 
sult is attained, the })roducts of the 
reaction are separated. ])urified and 
]iackaged for shipment to the cus- 
tomer. Any contribution, then, which 
allows us to imjirove the design, con- 
struction, or operation of these plants 
is gratefully accepted b}- the chemical 
rngineering profession. It is the duty 
and the jdeasure of every first rate 
college laboratory to be constantly 
endeavoring to make more and more 
of these contributions through the 
medium of research. 

Dr. T. H. Chilton of the duPont 
C oMipany has enumerated some of 
the ])robhms of chemical engineering 
as: "How to transport, meter, com- 
]iress, and rarefy gases? How to 
]iroj)il and proportion liquids: how 
to contact them with gases or other 
liquid phases, and separate them 
again? How to subdivide or to com- 
pact solids, and to contact them with 
gases or liquids? How to separate 
solids from g.ises or liquids, or from 
otlii r solids according to properties 
or |i.irtielc size? How to supply or 
withdraw heat?" Due to the enor- 
mous variety of materials used in tile 
(■ industries, there will be un- 
known ()uantities in the above list for 
ni.iny years to come: probably for- 
r\ rr. 

I'rojiets for research are the re- 
sult of someone s need of a tool for 
the better design, construction or 
ojjcration of a jilant. When the tool 
is not in existence, he will set about 
fashioning a tool to suit the situation. 
H he is a part of a specific industry 

March, 1941 


Equipment for the study of heat transfer by radiation. 

and needs tlie tool for a specifie prob- 
lem in that industry, the tool will 
J)r(>l)al)ly he a s|)eei(ie one of very 
narrow utility. If he is heinir paid 
by a corj)oratioii, ))artieu!arly one in 
a Iiifihly coni|)etitive field, tin- new 
contribution may not come into gen- 
eral use for many years. Hut if lie 
is a part of the staff of a chemical 
enpincerinp: department of a college 
or university, the tool will be pre- 
sented for all to use and the contribu- 
tor will be proud of his part in the 
advancement of tin- art. The niajoritv 

of the jjajiers on the prourams of our 
national societies are ijiven li\- eol 
lege teachers and their students, .^sorne 
years ago. Dr. I'. C. \ilhrandt of the 
\'irginia Polyteihnie Institute made 
the statement. '"Keseareh begets re- 
search." The jirobleni arising out of 
the need for a tool, no matter how 
simple, invariably starts a chain of 
events and in a very short time the 
worker finds himself swamped with 
a multitude of unanswered questions, 
of varying degree of importance ami 

Itesi .irih ))rnieets ni.iy In- divided 
into those of .1 viry fundamental 
n.iture, which usually come to light as 
I result of rese.ireh on some problem 
"I more iuuncdiati- <• o n c e r n, and 
-|M ( ilie projects in which the .answer 
(■ a problem of limited applicability 
1^ sought. A few examples of i)rojects 
now in progress in the Chemical Kn- 
-iiieering Department of the Armour 
I ollege of Kngineering may be of 
t. rest here. 

The ri M areh jirojeet receiving most 
'(insideration over the last three years 
Ills b< en oni- concerned with the ])ro- 
iluetion of s|)innable fibers from flax 
nid lieni|). In this [)rojeet, under the 
direction of Professor Harry .McCor-, tin- discovery that amines are 
^ol\ellt^ fur the iion-cellulosic mate- 
rial ill |il,iiit tissue has been the 
tiiundation ujion which the work has 
lutii based. \' a r i o u s ex))erimcnts 
li.ivc been conducted to determine the 
most satisfactory operating conditions 
1^ to tem[)erature, pressure, and time 
i ir treating the eellulosic material 
vv itli various .iniines. This part of 
the )iroeedure has been standardized 
.uul the suitability of some fifteen 
amines .is treating agents has been in- 
vestig.ited. Pure, clean flax and hemp 
liliers li.ive been jiroduced in quanti 
ties up to fifty pounds each. Certain 
other possibilities of the solvent action 
of the amines are being investigated. 
.\s the amines are solvent for all of 
the materials except the eellulosic 
materials, it is evident that the solu- 
tion contains such materials as pectose 
(■onipiuinds ,ind ligiiin. originally pre: 
rut ill the Jilant tissues. Methods I 
h.iM' lueii investigated for the isol.i- 
tion .iiiii neovery of pectin and iiectie 
.uid in pure form, and the isolation 
and utiliz.ition of the lignin present in 
the amine solution is being attacked. 

The mineral resources of the United 
States have come under investigation 
in our laboratories, and methods for| 
the jinHiuction of soluble ammonium 
ehromium sulfate by heating chrome 
iron ore with ammonium sulfate com- 
mence to show some jiromise of a suc- 
cessful culmination. This investiga- 
tion lias proceeded to the point where 
it is certain that the major chromium 
content of ;i chrome iron ore can Ix 
sei-ured in the form of .a soluble chro- 
iiiiuiu salt. The treatment of titanifer- 
ous materials with ammonium sulfate 
is under investigation and it is indi- 
cated that the final product can 
obtained as titanous hydroxide. .V 
study is being made of the jjossibilityj 
of the bencficiation of various man- 
ganese ores of the United States. 

In the drying of food products 
ui.iny ])roblems such as coloration and 
eheckiiig .-ire .always .a source of con- 
st.iiit iiieiinx iiiieiu-i' to the |)rodui'er. 



L luoilfvn liiiniidity cabinet is beiii^- 
uilt uiulir tlif supervision of Dr. R. 
]. Peek will have several impor- 
Lint features necessary for proper 
onditions in drying food. A stain- 
ess steel shell of welded construction 
nd a blower havinp; a Bakelite-lae- 
iiiered fan will insure freedom from 

contamination. .\11 tem))eratures and 
h.umidities will be automatically con- 
trolled to assure stable conditions 
within the humidity chamber. It is 
hoped that the drying curves analyzed 
from a sufficient number of runs will 
iiive the correlation necessary for the 
tlevelopment of drying formulae. 

ni^'los: G. A. R,iymoi:d, R. E. ZcUn 

Hlqh-pressure autoclave used in the production of spinnable hemp fibers. 

A two-inch by eight-foot stainless 
steel distillation column, packed with 
carbon rings, is being used to obtain 
more comi)lete and reliable informa- 
tion on the design and operation of 
packed column stills. From the oper- 
ating data obtained, design factors 
can be calculated, and correlations of 
these factors on the basis of mass 
(lilfusion and the physical properties 
of tlu- mixture being distilled can be 

Filtration is one of the oldest of 
the chemical engineering operations. 
vet its study has been very difficult 
(liir 1(1 the variables involved. One 
(.1 these f.ietors causing inaccuracies 
ill (lesinii caleiilations is termed "com- 
l.ressibility" of the cake. Methods of 
measuring this factor by means of 
other and shorter exijcrimental runs 
have been developed The "compres- 
sion" period of a sedimentation de- 
termination shows a direct correlation 
with the "compressibility" of the cake 
as determined by filtration experi- 
ments This ]>roeedure is now being 
n tilled and standardized A quicker 
and easier method of determining the 
filtration charaeteristies of a given 
sludge has resulted. 

\' tluid-flow meters have been 
eoiiiiiig into more general use for 
some \<:irs. .Ml use the tapered-wall 
tube, which is eovered by (latents. 
.Several types of reliable straight- 
ualled visual fluid-flow meters have 
been developed by the writer in our 
labor.itories. Using a wide range of 
m.iterials of construction, they can be 
made to measure the flow of almost 
any (|U,iiitity of any material. 

Tluse are but .1 few of the projects 
under investigation. Others include 
the extrat'tiou of certain organic ma- 
terials, till' disign of eiri'ular weirs, 
flow of fluids througli small openings, 
heat tr.iiisfer tlu-ouiih ori:;inie v.apor 
(ibiis on both vertical .-iiut hori/.ont.-il 
tubes, heat transfer by radiation, the 
use of all-aluminuiii distillation col- 
umns. cert;iin .ispeets of the settliiii; 
of flue iiarticles. tlie use of supersouie 
fri'<|ii<iu-iis. the extr.u'tioii of siiy.-i 
hean oil and tin reeoMTV of eerium 
fnnn certain ores. 

One of tlu- reason^ for the rapid 
de\elopment of the si'ieiiee of eheiii- 
ie.-il eiiiiineiring in the United .States 
has lu-eii the willingness of the col- 
ic lies to help industry sohe its prob- 
h ins. The ehemical engineering de- 
li.irtiiieiit .it .\rmour li.-is given such 
service for over thirty ye.irs .iiiil will 
continue to do so in the futuri'. .Such 
probh Ills h.ave fcnMiied the basis and 
the st.irtiug jioint for the fundamental 
contributions which have been made to 
the art and science of the 
growing of the m.ijor br.aiiches of 






I-ikf ni.iny defense activities, the 
Kiiirineeriiii; Defense Traininj; I'ro- 
urani l)ei;;m siuklenly, develojied in 
une\]ncte(l ilireetiims, anil ii'lTW to 
|irii|i(irtinns wliieli were not eoiitrni- 
])late(i (iiirinsi; the early staiits. In 
larly November, the l'rou;rain u,i^ 
swjfjiested to the department heads li\ 
President Heald. By the sr.cnd 
Thanksgiving Day, Preliminary Fro 
posals for sixteen courses were on 
their way to Washington. Just lie 
fore the Christmas holidays, these |iro- 
posals returned, duly ajiproved, and 
the real task of organization began. 
Within three more weeks, five thou- 
sand applicants were interviewed, fif- 
teen hundred were assigned to sixty 
sections of the original sixteen courses. 
.and sixty instructors were drafted 
from industry. Into tlu already 
crowded evening scheduhs of the 
.Armour and Lewis plants, sonn four 
teen hundred more students were 
pressed. Illinois Institute of 'I'l eh 
iiology had answered the call of thi' 
N.-itional Defense Program by |iut 
ting on .1 second shift! 

Nationally. tln' Knginerring De 
fense Training dates hack 
to the sunnner of 1!)K). when .i com 
niittee of well-known engineering edu 
cators was formed to advise the I'. .*^. 
Office of Education in matters n lating 
to engineering training. Headed by 
Dean A. \. Potter, of Purdue Univer- 
sity, this committee drew the nation's 
attention to the imjjcnding shortage 
of engineers. It was made known 
.all of the engineering colleges in the 
country, one hundred and eightei ii in 
number, graduated only .a total of 
twcKe thousand vomig engineers (■.■leh 

year, while an innnediate need existed 
for three times this luiniber. .\ ])ro- 
gram of intensive training, on the col- 
lege level, was suggested, with the 
exjiect.ition of raising, as soon ;nid .is 
far as ijossible, the efficiency of the 
engineering forces ()f the defense in- 
dustries. No detailed plans for the 
training were proposed, for it was 
realized that the needs of different 
districts differed widely. Evening in- 
struction was seen to be the natural 
Mild of the metropolitan institution, 
while fidl - time, short - term courses 
wcri' contemplated for schools located 
far from industrial districts. Short- 
ages in production engineers, tool and 
fixture designers, inspectors, and ex- 
plosives experts, were particularly 
evident, and it was suggested that 
etforts be made to meet these de- 
in.inds. .Most important. Congress 
was induced to authorize the ex)>endi 
ture of $<),000,000, through the Office 
of Education, to pay the costs of the 

To administer the Dean 
Hoy .\. .Scaton of ."^tate was 
called to Washington as n.itional 1)1 
rector: I{egional .\dvisers wire .ip 
pointed to sn|)ervise the work in the districts into which the n.ition divided. President Ilcald 
asked to serve as .\dviser for the Chi 
<;igo area, which includes Illinois and 
southern Wisconsin. 

.Vfter conferences with other engi 
neering institutions in the Chicago 
.irea. it bi-camc ivident that the Pro 
gram here would be organized by lib 
iiois Institute of Technology, .nid 
I'rof. .1. li. I'iniuuan w.-is desiunMlrd 
bv President I bald to acl as the di 

rector. The problems to be solved im- 
niediately included the determination 
of the engineering training needs of 
this .irea. the location of space and 
eijiiipment which could be used in 
meeting these needs, and the engag- 
ing of (pialified instructors to give the 
courses. Preliminary Proposals had 
to be in Washington by Nov. 2.5, so 
that the funds to finance the program 
could be set aside. 

Partial answers to the (ircssing 
(|uestions of what courses, where, 
when, and by whom were obt.iineil 
by meetings with groups of leading in- 
dustrialists. All of these men recog- 
nized the need for training, many 
])ro])osed possible courses, and some 
sugirested members of their forces ;is 
])ossible instructors. 

Other answers were obtained by 
faculty members who visited many of 
the leading plants in the defense in- 
dustries, and questioned personnel 
men, chief engineers, and presidents. 
.\t about this time, the newspa|)irs 
began to mention the possibility of 
free engineering training, and Pro- 
fessor I'inncgan found himself be 
sieged by eager apjilieants for course 
which were still non-existetit. 

.\fter measuring the demand as well 
as possible, Profesor Finnegan for- 
warded to Washington, just before 
the <leadline, proposals for sixteen 
courses, ranging from Element.ary 
Machine Design to Bomb-proof 
.•Shelters. Several sections of each 
course were proposed, and the si)ecifi- 
e.itioiis of each were made as general 
as possibh' so that their course con- 
tent could be altered to meet the de 


Some of the enrollees In the institute's first engineering defense training program as 
they made formal enrollment for 60 sections of 16 courses designed to assist Industry 
to meet its personnel demands for defense. Noticeable In the foreground are Pro- 
fessors Peebles, Winston and Huntley. Upper left Is Dean L. E. G.inter. 

'I'lirouiili the very itlcftivc efforts 
if Mr. .SchrcilHr and his Public Re- 
lations Department, the program was 
publicized by posters, mail, and press 
releases. The response was imme- 
diate and overwhelmin<>;. Where tens 
of applicants were expected, hundreds 
appeared, and registration forms had 
to be ordered by the thousand. Every 
available member of the faculty was 
pressed into service in interviewing 
the eager applicants, and the Audi- 
torium of the Student Union had to 

be taken (ivir to .•ice(inHnii(l,-itr tiir 

Professor Finnegan was forced by 
ill health to relinquish the job of or- 
ganizing the program, and Professor 
Yrllott was appointed Acting Direc- 
tor. After taking a look at the tliou- 
sands of application wliich were pour- 
ing in, he immediately obtained the 
assistance of every available faculty 
member, and .i statf of three secre- 
taries to cope with tlif flood of ])ros- 
jiective students. 

The proiiiem of classroom sjiacc 
was sohed by taking over every avail- 
able room which was not in use in the 
regular night scliool, on both the Ar- 
mour and the Lewis Caminiscs. Many 
sections were sciieduled for Wednes- 
day evening and Saturday afternoon 
meetings, when the regular activities 
of the Institute relax somewhat. 
Classes were put into every available 
room, and more students appeared 
where many were already at work. 

The task of cuiiagiiig suitable iu- 

March, 1941 


siriutors «;is ilitfii-lilt at tin- outsit. 

l>iit was i)ro};rc'ssivc'ly simplified by 

tliL' t'xccjjtional cooperation of tin- 

many cooperating comjianies. Ap 

peals were made, and very siuerss- 

fiilly. to leading; eoinp.niirs such as 

International Harvester. W e s t e r n 

Kl.-etrie. Bell and H,.\v,ll. (iooduian 

-M.iniilai'tiirinii; Co. As one instruelni' 

aeeepted tlie a))poiiitnient. lie 

urged to bring in others whon\ he tion jdanner 

eonsidered e(|u;illv well (|u;ililied. with In I'ilenuntarv .M.ieliim- Desiiin. 

the h.ippy nsult'th.-it a st.itV cf sixty I'aul C.-irlstone. A. I. T. ■:!.!. M.l'... 

.■il)le indix idu.ils V 

In the fields of Desimi ,ind 
I'roduetion I'l.-inning. the assistance 
of A. H. Urown, .\. 1. T. 1.-;. i:.K.. is 
gr;itefiilly aeknowledged. Not only 
did he .'igree to teach one section of 
Production Pl.-inning. hut hi- dclivcr.'d 
en masse a coniplct<- force of tool dc- 
iguers and most of the othc r pruiiuc- 

piickly .IS- director of tr.iining .it the MeCormicI 
works of till Inti rnational H.arvester 
volunt<ered his services, and, in eo 
operation with Professor ."^cegrist, or 
gaui/ed this course. Other .\rinou 
.Vhnnni who ;ire instructing in thi: 
grou|) are H. A. Hartusek, ' K). .M.E. 
.and H. .(. Krisman. ' K). M.K.. «{ th. 
.\rniour Kese.irch I'oundation. 

Once more. H.irves 
tcr sui)l)lied the instructors when thi 
(■(Uirsc in Maii.igement 
I'or< Tr.aininij;. w;is orifJini/ed. R 

Enrolling future industrial managers. Left to right: A. H. Brown and E. A. Nelson, 
International Harvester Company, A. W. Seward, Clearing Machinery Company, and 
Knute Peterson, Bell & Howell Company, supervisory experts loaned to the Institute 
for the engineering defense training program. 



Starr, Purdue, '3i, ^I.E., uiukr- 
Bok the responsibility of headina; this 

portant sjrou]), and lie enlisted the 
tlier instructors, twelve in number, 
•ho are pving instruction in this 
ourse in Chicago at Lewis, Armour, 
levere Copper and Brass Co., Miehir 

inting Press Co., Diamond-T Motor 

.. and in Waukegan at the Ameri- 

n Steel i<c Wire Co.. tlie Xavy 
M. C. A., the Pulilir Library, and 
he Greenwood School. 

Professor Huntly c a r r i e d the 
urden of organizing the work in in- 
pection. and in tliis field J. L. ILir- 
ington. A. 1. T. ':.'<!. Cli.K.. is giving 

course in A. S. T. M. Testing .Metli- 
ds while K. J. Dombrow. A. L T. ':i:3 
i.E., is giving Ordnance Lisprction 

The work in Diesel Engineering is 
icing supervised by Professor Roescli. 
lembers of this group are confined 
o the employees of a particular eom- 
)anv which is engaged in the manu- 
acture of large quantities of a new 
vpe of Diesel engine, for use in 
" iks. 

Lack of space forbids the listing of 
he entire group of instructors, but the 
chedule shows wide spread over in- 
lustrv and exceptional educational 
ackground and subsequent experi- 
nce. The Engineering Defense 
Gaining Committee takes this oppor- 
unity to thank each of the instructors 
or his cooperation in making tlu- 

rogram a success. 

The courses were launched on ,Ian- 
lary (i, an eventful evening during 
rhich most of the fifteen hundred 
rhose applications were aciepted 
ushed into the Auditorium of the 
student Union to enroll, and obtain 
heir section assignments. The illus- 
rations which accompany these words 
■onvey quite clearly the idea of the 
rowd which stormed the L'nion. and 
ill but overwhelmed the enroUers. 
Tile active members of Pi Tau Sigma 

r\ rd very efficiently as ushers dur- 

g tliis process, and their efforts arc 
jrate fully acknowledged. 

^L1st of the courses began during 
he week of January !•), and reniark- 
dile to relate, most of the students 
md instructors managed to find their 
eparate ways into the proper class- 
ooms. The inevitable conflicts and 
iiisunderstandings were relatively 
ew. considering the haste with which 
111- |irogram was authorized. The 
|H.I,igies and regrets of the EDT 

miinittec are hereby extended to 
\ut-.r who were inconvenienced. 

Three-quarters of the ajiplieants 
■iiuld not be placed in the classes, bc- 
ausr ))laees were available for only 
ittrrn hundred students. To each 
qiplicant who could not be accepted. 

Microscopic crystal structure study of steel. 
Engineering defense training progrann. 

a notice was sent, which listed the 
reasons for this fact. Many appli- 
cants lacked the qualitic;itions while 
many had already taken college work 
which went lnvond that ott'ered in the The ultimate factor, which 
determined w h e t h e r an ajiplieant 
could be taken, was tiie consideration 
of his individual ease to see whether 
his training would aid the National 
Defense Program. 

The administration of an educa- 
tional institution with fifteen hundred 
students is not a matter for the ji.-irt- 

time efforts of :i deiiartment head 
wiiose activity should be directed to- 
wards his jiarticular resiionsibilities. 
I'or this reason. Dr. Fred A. Rogers, 
who served Lewis Institute for 40 
years as the Dean of Engineering, 
was recalled to active service and ap- 
pointed Director of the Program. He 
is in charge of the operation of the 
existing courses, and the weighty re- 
sjionsibility of filling out the numer- 
ous rejiorts to Washington is his. As 
.m added attraction, he is also admin- 
istcriiiii tlic X.-itional Defense Train- 

March, 1941 

The Guiberson Rotary Diesel has specific application in the United States 
Arnny's new high-speed light-weight tank. A student in the engineering de- 
fense training program is shown making precise measurements of a Guiberson 

itii; I'ron'raiii. whicli is niviiii; voc-i- 
tiiiii.ii tr.iiiilTiiT in M.iciiinc Sluip .uid 
Wchliiifr at Lewis Iiistituto. Till- ■■■<■» 
eral direction of tlie Kngicering Di- 
ffuse Traininfj Program lies in the 
KDT Committee, eomi)osed of Dean 
(i r i n t e r. Dr. Rogers, Professors 
Huntly and Vellott, and -Mr. Spaeth, 
tlie IJiisiness Manager of the Instituti-. 
Otlier faeulty members who exereisi- 
supervision of ))ortions of the Pro- 
gram are Professors ,(. S, Kozaeka, 
Tool Design. W. H. .Seegrist. Kle 
meiit.irv M.ichine Design. Mr. .\. K. 

I'l.', Melding Rnginiering, ;in(l 
Professor A. II." Carpriiter, 
liirgy and .Metallograjjliy. 

As the Engineer goes to jjress, a 
second EDT Program is hcing ar- 
r.-mged. No details are .avaiialilc as 
yet. except tliat the courses will .igain 
lie on the college level, devoted ni;iinly 
to elementary chemical, civil, electri- 
cil, and mechanical engineering and 
to industrial management. Tlir courses 
will start about March 'J t, and .-luiiilc 
notice will be giMii through the public 


GORDON ERICKSON „i gr;.du.-.tcs who ; 
ut their valu.-ible time while in schoc 
may be wondei-iug if the |)rcsent glc 
club ,ind orchestra lomparc f.ivorabl 
with the c.irlier outfits to which the 
bilong( (1. Naturally, it is difficul 
to e(| the fine work done in the past 
but we are still alive and no argumen 
will convince the men we have thi 
season that they are not the outstand 
ing club of all time. Conceit." No 
just the natural feeling of a group o 
null who are confident that the 
[lossess the ability to sell tbemselve 
nuisic.illy to any audience. 

What a Jilcasure for a londuetor t 
li.i\r turn who .-ire not iinlv |irou(i 
the schcMil they .■.ttnicl but who i 
sidcr it .111 lionov to lulong to an or 
ganization is presenting th 
school to tlir public through th 
tNMiity or more cng.-igcmcnts whic 
they will (ill this season. 

.\ii acti\ity that has the interes 
.mil ( iithusiasm of ten per cent of th 
student body nnist command the at 
ti ntion of ;iuthorities who j)ass on th 
.iilopticui of the extra-curricular jjro 
grains. This department .-ittribute 
uuuh of its success to the sup 
port of the president and his asso 
ci.ites as well as the student body a 
.1 whole. The publications give ampl 
sp.icc .iiid arc more than willing to an 
niuincc ,iiul cover all engagements. 

To the alumni in cities of the mid 
west we wish to make an appeal fo 
the clubs. It lias been said that a col 
lege musical organization is as goo 
as the mileage it covers. Our club 
li.iM- been limited to only a few out 
ol town engagements. This is due t 
the f.ict that no ahunni association i 
.Miy city has considerc<l |)rescnting th 
I. I. T. musical clubs before influcil 
ti.-il business groups because of th 
expense involved in transportation o 
one hundred men. There arc sevcM 
ways of distributing this cxpens* 
howc\cr. ,is our programs ajipcal 
high schools, churches, and musica 
clubs, and our men do not object t 
pl.aying two engagements in one day 

Kindly check your I'ity and com 
uiunii'.itc with us, as wc are open t 
.niy reason.ible ])roposal. 






In and near the City of Columbus, 
Nebraska, the word' POWER had 
been discussed, principally by Mr. H. 
E. Babcock, since back in tlie sev- 
''entics. Many liad tried to develop a 
project, but all hopes were abandoned 
when the World War started in 191 K 
j An Armour alumnus, Mr. Phil 
IHoekenberger (M. E. 1915), born 

and raised in Columbus, revived the 
power idea in September, 1932. Be- 
cause of widespread unemployment 
and because he believed this to be a 
project worth while to the vicinity 
and to the State, Mr. Hockenberiicr 
lalled a meeting of the leading' busi- 
ness and professional men of Colum- 
bus to discuss its possibilities, with 

the idea of financing it through the 
Reconstruction Finance Corporation. 
All those attending were much inter- 
ested and a temporary committee was 
formed. Tlie committee, with the as- 
sistance of the business men of Co- 
lumbus and vicinity, raised ^12.000 
wliich was to be used for the purpose 
of obtaining data and to cover prelim- 

Air View of Columbus Powerhouse 

inarv i-xpcii.sis iirc<s>arv to sulnnit all 
;il)])licatioii to the liccunstructidii 
I'i nance Corjioration. 

In 1933 the coniniittcc. tojictlicr 
with a jfroup from Lincoln County in 
^\'l■st(■rn Nt'liraska. sponsoiaal and sc 
cured passajlc of Senate I'"ile 310, the 
cnahlinj; act, un(hr which a district 
couhi he created. 'J'his act was ap 
proved hy Ciovernor ( liarlis Hryaii on 
Al)ril 18", 1933. Immediately iolhiw- 
inijj tliis, jjctitions were circiil.ited and 
.sij^ncd hy more (ifteen ))er c<nt 
of tlie voters in I'hitte County, 
thcrehy creating; the I.ou]) liivir 
Puhlie" Power District. This district 
was to he under tlic ni.anajicmcnt of 
an chvcn I'oard of Direitovs, 
with Mr. Charh-s H. Frick.-. .i Colinii 
l)ns drufijiist, ;is its (irst in-esideiit. 'i'hi 
Jietition .-qiproMd hy the .St.ile 
Kntrineer .-ind thus the I.oiin l{i\er 

I'lihlie Power District ma(h' .-i from the State on March L'3. 193 t, ft suhdi\ision of tlie .St.itc of tlie diversion of water from the Lou 

Hiver. Tlie Ilarza Knijinecrinu; Cod 
])any, headed hy Mr. I,. I'. H.irza 


.Soon after the district w.-is or^a- 
iii/.ed. the Federal Kmcrji'ency Admiii- 
istr.itioii of Puhlie ^\'orks Act w.-is 
p.isscd hy Conii-rcss. Tlie Bo.ird of 
Directors' decided to transfer the ;ip 
plic.ition from tlie !!. ■construction 
I in.iiiee ion to the newly or 
^.iiiized I'edcr.i! f.mer^eney .Vdmiii 
istr.itioii of Puhlie \\'orks in order to 



Chicago, were selected ,is emisnltin; 


ihc hydro dcvclo|)nient consists o 
a diversion dam, a settling hasil 
", on the h.isis thirty-three and one-half miles O 

of seventy per cent .-ind thirty 
]ier cent The distri<t's .ittor 
neys, Wagner .and McKlfrcsh, to 
gether witji Arthur Mullen of Omaha 
.•ind \\'.-ishington, in-ep.ired the ,ippli 
(atinii .and suhmitted it. The iiionrv alloc.-iteil for this project on No 
M iiiher ].■). 193.3. 

W.-iter power rights were oht.iiiied 

e.inal, a regulating reservoir, and tw 
))ower houses. The water elev.ntion 
the Louj) Piver intake is l.")7'2 and a 
the Platte outlet is 1 HO. 

At the he.'ulworks, earth dikes wer 
huilt on hoth sid.s o( the Lou]) Rive 
to kieji the ri\. r In one locati(m. Th 
control \veir .■mil iiit.ike serve to di 
Mrt the w;iter from the Loui) Uivci 



I'll, wfir is a low wall of reinfort-cil 
roii.iTte, l;S20 feet long, extemliiii; 

HiD^s the 1,011}) River. The erest cle- 
\.>.ti(iu is 1574, about two feet above 
the normal water level of the river at 
this point. Located on the north 
bank of the river is the intake struc- 
ture. This structure is built of rein- 
liircc (1 concrete and supports eleven 
li.ind-operated, radial n-ates. each 
t\M iity-four feet long and with a niax- 
iip.inii opening of five feet. The sill 

Icvation of the intake gates is 1.30)9. .■). 
Downstream from and at right angles 
:ii the intake are located three hand- 

)l)(rated sluice gates, each twenty feet 
long, with a maximum opening of six 
feet. The sill elevation of the sluice 

gates is 1 368.0. Winter operation is 
insured by an enclosed boiler which 
supplies steam for thawing all gates. 
The diversion from the river flows 
into the settling basin, which serves as 
a stilling basin in which the sand and 
silt carried in the river water is al- 
lowed to settle before passing over 
the skimming weir into the canal. The 
basin is 200 feet wide and 10,000 feet 
long with a maximum depth of sixteen 
feet. The velocity of the water is 
less than one foot per second. Oper- 
ating water level is 1.572 and the crest 
of the reinforced concrete skimming 
weir is l.jfiS, It is designed for a 
eai)ai'ity of .-i.OOO cubic feet jx-r sec- 
ond, .'iilt .-ind sand deijosited in the 

settling basin are removed by an elec- 
trically driven floating dredge. Tliis 
dredge has a twenty-eight inch cen- 
trifugal pump driven by a 1200 horse- 
power motor. Tests have demon- 
strated this equipment can 
remove 1 .200 cubic yards of silt and 
sand ])er hour. The discharge is car- 
ried through concrete and galvanized- 
iron sludge flumes and deposited at 
various points along the river bank, 
where it is carried away by flood 
waters. Power for the operation of 
the dredge is supplied through a S.'B,- 
000-volt transmission line from the 
Distriefs j)ower house at Monroe. 

The water flows in a canal for 
eleven .and one-half miles from the 

Where water goes into settling basin from Loup River. 

The ice boom keeps the floating ice from clogging the diversion gates in the winter. 

March, 1941 


Sawtooth weir at entrance of regulating reservoir (Lake Babcock). 

Sawtooth arrangement permits three times as much discharge as if the weir were 
straight across. 

skiiiirniiii;- wtir of tlic .sittlinu; li.isin to 
tliu -Monroe power liousi-. This (.anul 
is designed to carry 3,000 euhie feet 
of water per second at a velocity of 
2.2.5 feet per second. The canal has a 
bottom width of seventy-three feet 
and water depth of 1 l.-'J feet through 
the ui)per seven miles where it passes 
through river bottom lands; in its 
lower four and one-half miles has a 
bottom width of thirty-nine feet and 
a water depth of ID.s" feet. The fall 
of the canal is uniformly three inches 
per mile. 

The .Monnic power iiouse, wiiiell is 
located one mile north of .Monroe. 
Nebraska, is a reinforced concrete 
building 12i» feet long, .39 feet widf 
and 87 feet high, built across the 
canal. This building lias a red cement 

tile roof, steel sasii, hollow metal 
doors, and terrazzo floor and base in 
tile generator room. The building is 
e(Hiip[)ed with a twenty-fivc-ton elec- 
tric crane for handling machinery and 
e(piipnient; it is operated by pendant 
controls from the generator floor. Tiie 
-Monroe power house has tline ver- 
tical-shaft Francis turliines of :!.■_'()() 
horse-power each, direetly eonneeted 
to generators rated at JT'iO K\'.\ at 
ninety-five percent Jjowcr factor. Gov- 
ernors are of the verticil actuator 
ty])e located on the Hoor beside the 
generators. A one-shot centralized 
lubrication system is installed on each 
water wheel to lubricate the gate stem 
bearings, gate shifting ring, .iiid gate 

The generators .ire connected to ; 
indoor (iyOO-volt bus. The station on 
put is stepj)ed up to ;!t..") K\' fi 
transmission to the Columbus j)lai 
through a bank of three single phas 
2J0()-K\-\, ().<), :iK.i-KV delta st. 
connected transformers. The norm 
()l)erating head is thirty-two feet. Tl 
-Monroe i)lant is ecpiipped for remo 
control from the Columbus plant. Tl 
McMiroe tail water flows through 
canal for thirteen miles to the rcg 
lating reservoir; the canal is tliirt 
nine feet wide at the bottom with ' 
maximum w.itir dciith of liX.'J fc' 
and is designed for the same capacii 
and velocity as the c.uial above tl 
Monroe jiowcr house. 

Tiic regulating reservoir, known 
Lake Habcock, is located three mil 



nortli of Columbus, Nebraska. It cov- 
ers an area of 1 ,000 acres, and at 
maximum water level has a total ca- 
pacity of 11,000 acre-feet, of wiiicli 
l),000 acre-feet is eti'eetive for the gen- 
L-ration of power. Approximately one 
^nd one-half miles of concrete wavc- 
lircakers are built for protection of 
liiilli embankments, and lower fills are 
protected by gravel riprap. The pur- 
pose of this reservoir is to provide 
storage in order to meet daily fluctua- 
tions in demand for power. 

The supply canal connecting the 
reservoir with the Columbus power 
house is designed to carr_y sufficient 
water to maintain all turbines operat- 
ng at the Columbus plant under full 
oad. This canal is one and one-half 
iiiles long; it has a bottom width of 
100 feet and normal water deptli of 
;wenty-two feet; tlie velocity of flow 
raries from l.t to 2.0 feet per second; 

the capacity is l-,800 cubic feet per 

The Columbus plant consists of an 
intake structure built at the end of 
the suj)ply canal, the penstocks. ,ind 
tile power house. The intake struc- 
ture, built of reinforced concrete, 
houses three steel gates controlling 
the flow into the penstocks. Each 
gate is twenty feet square; all are of 
vertical lift type, electrically o|)er- 
ated. Steel trash-racks with power 
rakes are provided in order to catch 
debris wiiich may be carried in the 
water. Tile intake structure is lOt 
feet wide. 60 feet long, and U) feet 
high; surmounting it are the hoist 
towers, which are 34 feet high. The 
penstocks, leading from the intake to 
the scroll cases of the turbines, con- 
sist of tiiree riveted-stecl pipes 20 
feet in diameter and 385 feet long. 
The penstocks have no intermediate 

anchors and the upper half of each 
))ipe is exposed while the lower half 
is embedded in screened gravel. The 
Columbus power house is located two 
.111(1 one-half miles northeast of the 
city of Columbus. It is a reinforced 
concrete building 180 feet long. 57 
feet wide and 115 feet high. The 
building has a red cement-tile roof, 
steel sasli, hollow-metal doors, and 
terrazzo floor in the generator and 
control rooms. The building has a 
75-ton electrically operated hoist witli 
a 15-ton auxiliary hoist for handling 
macbiiiery and equipment, both oper- 
ated by jjciidaiit controls from the 
floor. The Columbus ))ower house has 
three vertical-shaft I'rancis turbines 
(if 18,(100 horse-jiower each, directly 
connected to generators rated at 1 K- 
000 K\'.\ ,it niiu'ty-flve percent ])Ower 
factor. (ioveniors are of vertical- 
actuator tviie located on tile floor next 

Columbus Power House. Inside view showing two of the three generators. 

March, 1941 


to tlif U'lirr.itors. 'I'Ik' iionn.-il djrt- 
atiiin luad ]■, II.' I'ltt. A OIK- shot 
(■( ntralizfd liiliric-.itioii system is in 
stalitd on lacli wlitil to liiliricatf tin- 
j;ate-sttni bearings, j; a t o shifting' 
rinjr. and pite links. Each jitncrator 
is connected directly to an indoor 
l.!,800-volt bus. The station output is 
stejjped up to through a bank of three 
sinfTJe piiase 13.8 U.") K\" delta star 
connected transformers, the m.iin bus 
and switehini; beinic at the ll.'i-KX' 
outdoors. Tile Columbus (jower house 
is .-i manually operated plant and the 
(dlmnbiis substation is eontrolbd and 
op.raled by attendants in tlic Colum- 
bus power biiusi-. The Mniinie plant 
is also iiper.ited from the Cdhimbns 
plant by remote control. 

The "tailraee cvuial carries the dis- 
eharue from the fohimbus power 
hons.- a distani-e of live .-ind one-half 
miles to tlu- I'latt.' River, .ibont a mile 
bilow the mouth of the l.(Ull) Hiver. 
The is desis;ned to carry t.HOO 
cubic fiet per second at a velocity of 
three feet ]ier second. It has a bot- 
tom width of I--' feet and a maximum 
water depth of 18.9 feet. The outlet 
into the river is controlled by a rein- 
forced concrete weir 700 feet long, the 
crest of which is fixed at an elevation 
sufficient to maintain the water seal 
on the draft tubes of the Colinubus 
Power House. 

Draiu.ige conditions along the canal 
have been met by the construction of 
lollecting ditches and concrete cul- 
V( rts to pass tlie surface drainage 
under the canal. The crossing of 
three imjjortant creeks was effected by 
the construction of reinforced concrete 
siphons to carry the canal under their 
beds. Two railroad lines and one 
state highway were crossed by means 
of similar siphons. 

IJridgc construction consists of ciui 
Crete structures for one s t a t e 
.and two national highways, two rail- 
road bridges, one of which is a double- 
track transcontinental line I I'liion 
Pacific), and twenty-four county high- 
way bridges of steel and eonerete. 
Treated timber bridges are used for 
roads of lesser imiiortance and for 
j>rivate crossings for bind owners 
where required. 

Thaxsmission ."^ VST km 

The transmission lines ,ind substa- 
tions were designed by the I,ou|) Hiver 
Public Power District under the 
supervision of Mr. 1). .1. DcHocr. 
Chief Electrical Engineer. The sys- 
tem consists of a 11.5-KV, (iO-cycle. 
three-phase transmission line from 
Columbus to Fremont and Omaha. 
I1.5-KV. OO-cyclc, three-))hase trans- 
mission line from Cohnnbus to 
coin. Il.'-.-KV. no cycle, three-phase 
(Turn to page 52) 




The .hinior Association of Com- 
nu'ree of Chicago has shown its un- 
derstanding of the fact that the af- 
fairs of the Illinois Institute of Tech- 
nology arc of major concern to the 
eomnnniity. At the same time it has 
conferred imnor on our young ami 
energetic president. At a dinner mi et- 
ing held at the La Salle Hotd, 
uarv 21. 19H, connncmorating the 
twentieth birthday of the .Vssociation. 
Henry Townley Heald was cited for 
distinguished service "in successful 
direction of the merger of Armour 
Institute of Technology and Lewis 
Institute into the Illinois Institute of 
Technology." The nport of the com 
mittec on awards stated th;it the re 
suit of his work was "to give Chicago 
tin- largest institution of its kind in 
the country, thus jirov iding the largest 

|iossibilities for eooper.itiim with in- 
dustry. ' 

President Heald's address in ac- 
ceptance of the award follows: 

"I am totally without exiicrience in 
m.iking speeches of .acceptance on oc- 
e.isienis of this kind, init I do want to 
say to the .lunior .Association of Com- 
UK rec that 1 ,un really appreciative 
of the honor has conn' my way. 
This gratitude stems not so much 
from any personal pride wliich I may 
have in my own modest accomplish- 
ments as from the satisfaction which 
it gives mc to have your organization 
recognize what seems to me to be a 
really significant event in educational 
dexilopment in Chicago. 

"I understand that this .Vward was 

b.ised U|)on tlu' successful completion 

(Turn to page 52) 




reach for the 



lo matter what line of business you go 
into after graduation, you'll find the tele- 
phone a powerful aid. 

If youre in the selling end, the telephone 
w ill help you to save time, eover more pros- 
pects more frequently, increase sales and 
decrease selling costs. 

If your work has to do with purchasing, 
distribution, production, administration or 
( ollections, the telephone will help you to 
get things done faster at low cost. 

Bell System service is so valuable to busi- 
ness because it meets so mauv \ ar\ inir nmvls. 


v^arch, 1941 






Tlic PlaciiiRiit Depart UK- lit jucds 
engineers for jobs! You Armour and 
Lewis Alumni, if you desire a change, 
or if you are out of work, now is 
your chanee. Engineers are wanted 
by the thousands 1 Gone are tlie days 
of Technocracy. The golden days of 
"milk and honej'" are here for the 
engineers. Industry after industry 
asks for 10, 20, 50, or 500 men, and. 
yes, one large corporation wanted 
3600 engineers at one fell swoop. 

From a tireless crumb-picker this 
department has blossomed into a 
bloated job dispenser. What liave 
you to sell in the way of experi- 
ence.' Send your storj- here from 
wherever you are located. Engineers 
are wanted all over the United States 
and abroad. We now have a request 
for twenty-five men to go to Liberia. 
Ever since October, the 19 H class 
has been interviewed by industrial 
organizations. Recently, in one week, 
eighteen different industries granted 
over 300 interviews to members of 
our 19U June graduating class. 
Sixty co-ops in mechanical engineer- 
ing who graduated recently were .-it 
work the next day. 

Salesmen, draftsmen, men for ex- 
perimental work, men for research, 
men to supervise employees, men for 
time and motion study, wage incen- 
tive, industrial relations, structural 
steel designers, highway engineers, 
tool designers, inspectors — the jobs 
for you engineers run the whole 
gamut of engineering experience. Me 
chanicals. Civils, Architects, Elec 
tricals. Chemists, and Chemical Kngi 
neers, and men from the department 
of I'irc Protection Engineering are 

The Army and the Navy are also 
asking for numerous men witli tech- 
nical experience for inspection, test- 
ing, and research. 

At this writing, February 'J 1 , 19 U. 

tla- Na\y wants post haste forty of 
our seniors, fifty-two juniors, and 
thirty-six or more graduate students. 
The Army wants twent^'-six inspec- 
tors (graduates) from us for a train- 
ing course, and must have them 
March 1. at the Rock Island Arsenal. 
The Ordnance Department is looking 
for men skilled in industrial engi- 
neering, to take cliarge of plants. 
This week this department has sent 
several men to Liberia, one to Puerto 
Rico, some to California, and some 
to the Atlantic Coast. 

If any of you lads can figure out 
hew you can knock off a chunk of 
the moon and have a couple of bil- 
lion tons of it drop conveniently on 
.some far-off land for its obliteration, 
or figure out how to utilize L'ranium 
2.'{5 .md shoot a shell equivalent to 
,1 billion tons of TNT across the 
.Vtlantic or the Pacific Ocean, or how- 
to bore a hole big enough under 1000 
feet of water and fill it with enough 
exjjlosive to sink some island or a 
continent, or if you can send bolts 
of lightning out of a tube across the 
oceans and shock millions of men, or 
can do research on machines, air- 
planes, guns, cannon, explosives, or 
bullet-jiroof cloth. L'ncle Sam is look- 
ing for you. .\ few thousand scien- 
tists and engineers may easily be 
wortli a million soldiers, fully 
equipped. You are needed not only for 
rese.-irch on offensive material, but 
.iko to match your wits for the <le 
ftnsive against those achie\ enients of 
science that would tend to obliterate 
this nation. 

There are hundreds of engineers 
w.-inted. Send in your exjierience or 
write us for a I'laeetiient Record, fill 
it out and AIliMAII. it t,. i]<r l>l,iee 
nieiit Office. 

.lollN .1. .*^l UOMMKU, 

Director of Placement. 

Mechanical Engineering, in its Feb- 
ruary, 19 H, issue, quotes from the 
December, 1910, number of The 
Journal of Engineering Education 
statistics relating to registration i] 
engineering courses. 

The total 19 10-1 911 enrollment ir 
153 institutions in the L'nited States 
and Canada is 110,618. Of these, b\ 
far the largest number, 28,609, are 
in mechanical-engineering courses 
Enrollments in other engineering 
courses are: aeronautical, 3723; agri ' 
cultural, 861; architectural, 1119' 
ceramic, 730; chemical, 16,177; civil 
11,152; electrical, 15,505; industrial 
2112; metallurgical, 2276; mining 
2291; and unclassified, 25,727. Thi, 
total enrollment in 1 16 institution: 
reporting in 1939 was 105.892 under 
graduate engineering students. 

Enrolled in these same schools fo 
work leading to the master's degre< 
are 4589 students, and for the do 
tor's degree, 623 students. In grad 
uate engineering enrollment, how 
evir. mechanical engineering (89 
master's, 18 doctor's) is edged ou 
by chemical engineering (910 mas 
ter's, 237 doctor's), and electrical en 
gineering (981 master's, 120 doc 
tor's). Other graduate enrollment 
are: aeronautical. 130 master's. 2 
doctor's; agricultural. 28 master's, 
doctor's; architectural, 21 master's, 
doctor's; ceramic, 11 master's, 2 
doctor's; civil, 603 master's. 66 <io( 
tor's; industrial, 178 master's, 2 do( 
tor's; metallurgical, 216 master's. 1 
doctor's; mining. 63 master's, 7 do< 
tor's; and unclassified. 556 master'. 
16 doctor's. 

The largist undergr.iduate enrol 

nient is at the Illinois Institute 

Technology (formerly Armour Inst 

tut.' and'f.ewis Institute), 1087. Tf 

(Turn to page 5; 



I Was All In. ..But the Major's 33toF 

HERefe how'SStoI' 






^ ^ I* fl 


Cupyriuht l'J41, Brewint- Company, Milwaukee 

33 fine brews blended 
to make ONE great beer! 


ms£f£uoty, T»e MAJOR/ 


Yes, RE.AI, BHER U)VERS know 
it's stiuirt to order Pabst Blue 
Ribbon. It has something yow 
enjoy in no other beer: a BLEND 
of 3.5 fine brews to make ow 
single glass! As in the finest coffee 
and champagne, it's this expert 
hhnd'nig that gives Blue Ribbon 
its smoother, tastier, unvarying 
goodness.Today— treat yourself to 
a cool, foaming glass— and /rri/i' it! 

mt£*»»T bjljniy linjo;, it ill full or club size hoiilts. handy cans, 

~ ' — ''^ and on draft at belter places everyuhert. 

March, 1941 



APRIL 9-10, 1941 


In the Dcccnilicr issue of the Ar- 
mour f^nginecr and Alumnus, your 
attention was ealled to tlie fact tliat 
the ]t)H meetinar of the Midwest 
I'owcr Confer e n c e will be held 
Wednesday and Thursday. April 9-10. 
•it the Palmer House, Chicago. Tlie 
jireliminary program of the Confer- 
ence has been released recently by the 
Conferenee Director, Stanton E. 
Winston, and is given herewith. An 
insi)ection of this program will make 
it evident that you can not afford to 
miss this Conference if 3'ou are in- 
terested in any phase of the field of 
jiower. You are most cordially invited, 
.uu! your presence will be appreciated. 
I'rograms, containing registration 
cards and eomjjlete information con 
eerning the Conference, are now avail- 
able, and may be obtained from C. .\. 
Xash, Conference .Secretary, Illinois 
Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illi 
iiois. .Send for several copies and 
pass tiiem on to tliose of your ac- 
(juaintances who will be interested. 
PreHminart/ Pror/rarn 
Wednesday, A])ril 9, 19H 
9:00 A.M. Registration. 

Palmer House. Cliieago. 
10:1.5 A.M. Opening Meeting. 

O. A. I.eiitwiler. Chair 
fa") .\d(lress of \\'elcome. Pliili)) 
Harrington. Commissioner of 
.Subways and .Superhighw.iys. 
Ciiicago, III. 
(h) Kcsponsc for tiie Cooperating 
Institutions. Iluber O. Croft. 
Head. Department of Mechanical 
I'.ngineering, The .State Univer- 
sity of low.-i. 
(c) Power racilities ami the Def.iisc 
I'rogram. C. W . Kellogg, Orou)) 
Kxeeutive. The .\dvisory Com- 
mission to the Council of N.i 
tional Defense. 

( d ) A Resume of Present Day Power 
Trends. .\. G. Christie, Profes- 
sor of Mechanical Engineering, 
The .Johns Hojjkins University. 
1 L' : 1 .5 P.M. .loint T u n c li e o n with 
L. M. Ellison, Chairman. 
Speaker: Alfred Iddles, Application 
Engineer, Babcock and Wilcox Com 
pany. New York. 
2:00 P.M. Central Station Praeti.e. 
M. P. Cleghorn. Chairman. 
(a) Forced Circulation in American 
Power Plant Practice. W. II. 
Armacost. Chief Engineer, Super- 
heater and Economizer Division. 
Combustion Engineering C(nn- 
]).iny. Inc., New York. 
( li ) .Modern Steam Turbine Design. 
C. C. Franck, Engineer in Charge 
of Central .Station Turbines. 
^^"estinghouse EU'ctric .and Man- 
ufacturing Company. Pliiladel- 

(c) \'ariable Sjieed Drives for Power 
Plant .Vuxiliaries. Ci. ^'. Edmon- 
son, District Hydraulic Coup- 
ling .Specialist, .\merican Rlower 
Corporation, Chi<-;igo. 

(d) Discussion. 

■■i-Ar, P.M. Hydro Pow.r. 

Ben (;. Elliott. Ch.iirm.m. 

I .1 ) Hvdro Power and the N.itional 
Emergency. Roger B. MeWlior 
t.r. Chief Engineer. I' 
Power Counnission. W.ishiiiijton. 
I). C. 

(1>) The Operation of the Multi-iuir- 
l)ose Proji-ets of the Teiniessee 
\',illey .\uthority. .Sherman M. 
Woodward. Chief Water Control 
Pl.inning Engineer, Teiniessee 
\' .a II <■ y .\utliority. Kiioxville. 

(c) \ Jiaper to be l)resente<l by \\', ,1. 
Rheingans. Test Eiminn r. Allis- 

Chalmers Manufacturing Coin- 
])any, Milwaukee. Wis. 
(d) Discussion. 

6:i5P.M. "All Engineers" Dinner. 
Informal (Ladies invited). 
.Speaker: Dr. Harvey N. Davis,! 
President. .Stevens Institute of Tcch- 1 



: 1 .-) A 

lursd.iy. .Vpril 10, 19 H 

.M. Ehctrie Power Transmis- 

C. Iraneis Harding. Chair- 
(ill The I.imit.itions Placed on Power 
Tr.insinissicni by .System .Sta- 
liility. II. E. Wulting. .System 
l)(veloj)nuiit Engineer. Co 
monwealth Edison Company. Chi- 

(b) Trends in Equipment Design in 
Relation to Economics and De- 
fense. W. J. Mcl.achlan. Engi- 
neer in Charge of .Apparatus Line 
Sponsor Section, General Elec- 
tric Company, Schenectady, N. Y. 

(c) Discussion. 

9:1.5 .\.M. Industrial Power Plants. 
Hugh E. Keeler. Chair- 
(.1) Inereasing Power Production 1 
with Present Boiler Facilities. 
H. S. Haw ley. Acting Chairman. 
Department of Mechanical Engi- 
neering. L niversity of Michig; 
(b) Instruments and Control. Charles 
W. Parsons, Republic Flow Me- 
ters Company, Chicago. 
(e) Discussion. 
]0:t-.) A.M. Feedw.iter Treatment. 

Chairman, H. E. Hol- 
lensbe. Editor. Indus- 
trial Power. 
(.i) Removal of Gases from Boiler 
Feedwater. .Vrthur E. Kittridge. 
Chief Engineer. Cochrane Cor- 
]ii)ratiou. Philadel])liia. 
( li) \\'ater Treatment Problems in the Power Plant. Fredcrik Ci. 
.Strauli. Research Associate Pro- 
fessor of Chemical Engineering. 
University of Illinois. 
( e ) Discussion. 

I.':15 P.M. .Joint I. n n c h e o n with 
Frank V. Smith. Cliai 
Speaker: .Major Charles W. I.eili 
I '.v.. formerly Editor. Electric I.igiit 
and Powi'r. ".Vsjieets of the N;iti< 
Power .and After- 
]:t.5P.M. Bus leaves P.-.Imer Hous 
for Ins])eetion Trip through the 
Tr.ietor \\'orks of the Interna- 
tional H.arvester Comiianv. 
t::iO P.M. Bus returns to the Palmer 

,S:0() P.M. Smoker - 

I'ill.ll G.l logether. 








Toximatcly the following 

750,000 CanJIe powe 

100.000,000 Candle powci 

2,575.000 CanJIe powe 

210,000,000 Candle powe 


Two vcara a^o Wcstingliou.e cneincercd and 
built the longest electric stairway ever used 
in thi3 country. It was designed to: 

1. Save subway riders millions of steps. 

2. Transport passengers to llie top of the 
Empire State Building. 

3. Carry slioppers from fl.Kir to floor in 
Macy's Department Store. 

4. Transport World's Fair visitors to the 
inside of the rerisphere. 



Science lias acclaimed tli< 
developed by Westinghouse 

1. It provides normal daylight for class- 
rooms, offices and factories. 

2. It facilitates medical diagnosis of dif- 
ficult pathological conditions. 

3. It kills micro-organisms with ultraviolet 


The ::uO-iii, li lcl.-„,,,„- f,,r will, h Wcslin 
house clesitMi.-d and built the mounting 
now being erected: 

1. On Mt. Palomar, California. 

2. On Dear Mountain. New York. 

3. On Sankaly Head, Nantucket. 

4. Oil a mountain iu Aberdecn-Hoquiai 


e giant W-.on atom sma-her in 
stinghousc Research Laboratories is 
ncipally for: 
Testing the tensile strength of 1 
Measuring the impact of projectilt 
Conducting theoretical research ir 
clear physics- 
Providing hlgh-vuhage beam for 


cstiugliou.,,: luiic Caii.ulc bun 
le of the New York World's 

rioug plans for universal peace, 
record of contemporary civili 

Just a Word 
Before You Begin 

Here's an opportunity to test your 
knowledge of electricity and meas- 
ure your familiarity with impor- 
tant developments iu tin- field of 

Optional answers are provided 
for each of the six situations illus- 
trated at the left. Your task is to 
select the one that's correct. So that 
there'll be no temptation to peek, 
the answers are printed below, up- 
side down. 

If you get four out of si.x correct 
your knowledge of electricity is 
average. Five out of six is good. If 
you chalk up a perfect score the 
class ought to vote you "most likely 
to succeed. " 


"2 ■"'V ainsdeo amij. jqj, 

•C ■'">■ J.>i|svms uioiv oi|I. 

•I ''"V .ido.isapx Is^Siri 

•E ••"V dmoi.J-..s o,|j. 

•» ■•"V .iiJl.ia|;, i.:.3u.>-j 

•t ''"T - ll'l-'O'a "l'!N 

^\^stindiouse '^f sr. 

arch, 194! 






Kld.r OIm.m. Thr (■-/(■/,■ „f ]lr,n;n: 
Tlu- M.umillan Company, 19K). 

Cicorjic Steele Sevinour, Hilltop in 
Michigan: The HoJkfellows. 19tO. 

Carl H. Grabo. The Black Butter- 
rii/: Packard and Company, 19 tO. 

'I'lu- world of letters knows well 
the Chieai^o which Carl Sandburg de- 
scribed in blood-red lines: 

Hog Butcher for the World. 
Tool Maker. Stacker of Wheat. 
Player with Railroads and the 

Nation's Freight Handler: 
Stormy, husky, brawling, 
City of Big Shoulders : 

But many-sided Chicago is also a 
city of })oets, three of whom made in 
19 to important contributions to Amer- 
ican literature. From Elder Olson, 
Assistant Professor of English at 
Illinois Institute, came The Cock of 
Heaven. George Steele Seymour, As- 
sistant General Auditor of the Pull- 
man Company and founder of The 
Bookfellows, completed Hilltop in 
Michigan. Carl H. Grabo, Professor 
of English at the University of Chi- 
cago, brought togither the ))<)enis of 
The Black Biitterfl II. 

In The Cock of Heaxeu, Professor 
Olson does not seek to develop an 
entirely new or original type of book. 
His basis is a medieval form, the 
commentary on a given te.xt, that ])re- 
scnts a dialectic scheme from which a 
logically valiil conclusion may be 
drawn. By variation in style and 
verse form, the author both imitates 
and makes distinctive the ))crsonality 
and style of the men from whom com- 
ments arc t.ikcn. With one exception, 
this outstanding j)iecc of writing is 
original. Here. Professor Olson builds 
a section from sentences found in the 
sermons of John Donne. These ex- 
cerjits he arranged in a sequence 
which resulted in a Howing jirosc 

Having imitated the style and 
utilized the ideas, feelings, and be- 
liefs of the Middle Ages, The Cock 
of Heaven may appear morbid to 
those unacquainted with the period. 

In any event, gaiety could not be ])re- 
(lominarit in a text concerned with 
the history of man in relation to the 
seven deadly sins. Far from morbid 
is the conclusion that man was cre- 
ated much too \veak for the tempta- 
tions which beset him, and therefore 
he may not be damned by an all-nier- 
liful (iod. This carefully drawn and 
logically valid conclusion, we may 
add. runs counter to accepted medieval 
thought, and was challenged by St. 
Thomas Aquinas, among other au- 

As a rule, the verse flows freely, 
and in its various forms repeatedly 
gives evidence of unusual poetic ver- 

In that land the fixed stone 
Cried out for the bird's transit, the 

free bird 
Cried out for the establishment of 

The mountains, for envy of their 

Strained, cracked, lunged, slid into 

the sea ; 
Meanwhile the >un lit 

common air ; 
Fruits shone, or snow, according to 

the season. 

Smite Thou this iiollow heart: tlKmuili 

it lament. 
Pity it not; Musician, no wrong 
Is suffered by the shaken instrument. 

Though nKUirnfulness .iwake and echo 

O heed it not but take it for Thy bell. 
But speechless metal strangely given 

That feels no str<ike upon its iriven 

Whatever cry be of its substanie 


Never does Tin- Cock of Heavrii 
show a l.nk of polish, although ;it 
times jjolish is subordinated to in 

W ind veers, the ship f.ires 

.\s the moon luox ing in the se.i's 

In the formed land the slow foot 


We stare to sheer sky-rim. 
Of our agonies raise there 
Running waves, dawn-burst. 
Towered rain-ranges, night country 
.Never the sought 

In Hilltop in Michigan, (ieorge 
Steele Seymour has wrought an in- 
teresting narrative poem of rural life. 
Pnseiited as a legend, it seeks in 
|)art to i)rovide a foundation for ad- 
ditional legends with which time may \ 
surround the new library of the Order 
of Bookfellows — built upon a hilltop > 
in Michigan. 

The talc itself is moving and well 
told, with the rural setting as typical! 
as the people who inhabit the 
^\'e have the author's word that the 
entire narrative is fictitious, but one 
feels that Mr. Seymour both knows 
and has in mind characters similar to 
those described. Always maintaining 
his purpose of forming a nucleus 
legend, he sacrifices everything to the 
telling of his tale. An excellent story- 
teller, he adroitly entwines the lives 
of the i)eople. the local customs, man- 
nerisms, and conditions around the 
Bookfellow's building. Interest in, 
and the pace of the narrative are well 
sustained, but not sufficiently to hide 
occasional grossness in the verse. Had 
the whole of the book been upon a 
lower poetic plane, the lumpy spots 
would not prove so jarring. As it is. 
the reader first will rise on the crest 
of a beautiful descriptive passage: 

The farmer sweating at his round. 

Hot horses dragging through their 

riie iiatient cow, the panting hound, 

.\11 vassals of the sun. The soil. 

Tortured beyond the brink of peace. 
Takes vengeance in her ancient way — 
The innumerable slow release 

Ot sh nder shafts that stab the day. 

Next, sweeping down the slope of 
an engrossing tale : 

'Th( n to a boardiiiLT house she hied 

Keeping hir fortune close beside her. 
.She chose a room on the second floor, 
Making sure of a wcll-loe'kcd door. 
Trusting that the door was stout 
1-. noiigli to keep all comers out. 

I'lii- re.uler may be taken up short 
in a slough of verse: 

Every day 
His i)resence graced the entry w.ay. 
."Peeking to make life most enjoyable, 
He'd cast his lot with the Great Un- 
Anil, e.areless of his f.ite .ir dress, 

(Turn to page 53) 



^ sensational triumph of tT?^^''*"' f'''^'^ 
■■^^^ executive's ideal of eCO«o«^^ *"^ «//,- 
^ secretary's dream cot^e 


Yet there's more to the 
new L C Smith than 
its modern appearance. 
There are many new typ- 
ing aids.. .the new Auto- 
matic Margin Set. ..not 
a gadget, but a simpler, 
easier way to set margins. 

Tomorrow's typewriter — today! A step beyond all 
others in modern, efficient designing ... a step ahead 
in mechanical refinements and typing aids. 

Yet, basically this new model retains all the sound, 
trustworthy principles which have made the Super- 
Speed L C Smith the choice of exacting operators and 
successful business executives everywhere. 

THAN EVER! Other fea- 
tures of the 1941 Super- 
Speed model are the new 
Type Bar Segment Lock Line Space Indi 
cator... new Card Holder 
4 . . new Overhead Bail 
. . . new Touch Selector 
and improved Tabulator 

::^ THE NEW 1941 


For demonstrtition call any L C Smith branch or dealer Booklet on request. 

301 N. Michigan Avenue Randolph 0052 

■nt and Standard 
>mith Typewriters 

Corona Portable 

Corona Adding 

Vivid Duplicators 
and Supplies 

Type-Bar Brand 
Ribbons & Carbons 

March, 1941 





'I'llC IDIIllIU lUlllUIlt Cll-l llllllIX . .1.111- 

uarv "^!>. lilH. at tlif .UKlitoiiuin nt 
tlif Mustuni of .Stii iKi- .iTul IiKiii^tiy. 
was tin- fortv-tif'tli tor .Vriiiour t.)l- 
k'gf of Kiijriiiffriiii:'. .iiul tlir lir>,l 
for Illinois Institut.- of Trcliiiolo'^y. 
It was furtlicr iiotaMo .is tin- first 
(■oiniiuiu'iiiuiit for stiuliiits in tin co 
opir.-itivc (iixision of tlu' ilr|i.irtiiu-iit 
of iiifcli.iiiii;il cnjiiiHcriiiu-. .iiui ;is 
tlu- first iiiiilwiiitfr <-oinnuiictiiitiit. 

'I'lif hatlitlor's degree was con- 
ferred on sixtv nueliaiiieal eiiiiineers. 
one .■irehiti-et. tliree eiiiii 
neers. two eleetrieal eni;ineers. .iiui 
one fire (iroteetioii enjiineer. 

Tile eouinieiReuKiit address was l>y 
.Mfred Kautlniann, President of Link 
Helt Coiiip.-uiy. Those of us wlio .ittended iii;iiiy uradu.-itioiis .in 
likely to .-iiipro.-ieli e.ieli new one with 
.■1 feelinj;- that it is .ill oee;isioii of 
major iinportanee for the youiiii men 
who ;ire reeeiviii"; their di|) hut 
with .in uneasy feeliiig the com 
iiieiieenieiit speaker will dilfi 
eiilly in finding .something to 
we li.ive not heard so often ;is to 
m.ike it rather lacking in interest. 
On the whole, we have lieen fortu- 
nate in this regard at Armour eoni- 
mencements. This we were esue- 
ei;illy fortun.-ite. Mr. K;iiifVni.imi is 
.•in engineer .-ind .in outst.-inding in- executive. The young men 
to wlioin he spoke were ne.-irly all 
niecli.iiiical engineers who heen 
for the five years of their eooper.a- 
ti\c course in intim.ite rel.itioiishi)) 
with the |)roduction .-ispict of their 
[irofession. Mr. Kautf'm.inn's address 
was in the nature of an understand 
ing, friendly chat witii a grou|) of 
younger hrothers, for whose .ahility 
he had respect, and for whose fu he had high hopes. His suhject 
was Oppartiiiiitiis for TrclniiciiU ii 
Traiiirtl M , ,i in llir l!ii.\iiir\.s lialllr 

TlIK I'.Ni.l.NKI-:!! .\.\l) .\l.rMM s wel 
comes our new groui) of alumni. 'I'liey 
li;;ve earned their degrees by t!ior 
oiigli, conscientious work, in .1 ]iro 
gram dirt'ering from tli;it followed hy 
our four-year graduates in det.iils of 
class schedules, hut idi with 
the four progr.ini in sehol.istie 
content .inil in rigor of re(]iiircmcnts. 


Screw threads hold vital parts together — and 
reliable, accurate taps are needed to cut the 
screw threads. 

75 years of experience of the largest small tool 
manufacturer in the world are back of every tap 
which carries the "G.T.D. Greenfield" trademark. 
This experience has made "Greenfield" small 
tools the choice of not only automobile manu- 
facturers but metal working plants of all kinds. 





To get bettei perform- 
ance and ionger service 
from Brake Lininq & 
Clutch Facings send 
data on your appiica 
tions for the GATKE 






An All Purpose 

Air Velocity IVIeter 

Instantaneous Direct Reading 

No longer Is it necessary tc use complicated Instruments 
and stop watches or make slo«, mathematical calculations 
to obtain accurate velocity readings or irregular shaped 
or slotted grilles, velocity readings in ducts, or at inlei 
or outlet openings or other air velocity measurements. 

Now you can do all this and more with the "AInor'' 
(Boyle System) Velometer. the instantaneous direct read- 
ing air velocity meter, and you can do it accurately, 
conveniently and Quickly. You can obtain static, or total 
pressures, locate leaks and losses, detect drafts, or deter- 
mine efficiency of fans, filters, blowers, and other equrp. 

The Velometer gives instant air velocity readings 

directly in feet per minute from as low as 20 F.P.M. 

up to Its maximum scale reading. Ranges up to as high 
85 18,000 F.P.M. are available. 

Write for Bulletin No. 2448-D 




This view sliows three sections of 
the welded steel pipe that was in- 
stalled over, and adjacent to. the new 
snhway tunnel, replacing certain ex- 
isting water mains. 

These pipe sections, made by the Bridge and Iron Company, 
are 38 in. in diameter by 20 ft. long. 
The lon.qitudinal and circumferential 
seams are butt-welded while the held 
joints are made with Dresser coup- 

lings. The pipe was coated inside and 
outside by a special pipe-coating ma- 
chine and it was then wrapped on the 
outside to form a protective cover- 

It has been found that steel pipe, 
because of its superior strength and 
ductility, will resist with adequate 
safety the stresses resulting from 
shock, vibration, settlement, or high 



Founded to render a re- 
search and experimental 
engineering service to 

Thirty-Third, Federal & Dearborn Sts. 
Victory 6050 

Investigate N2 000 

— for Lower Milling Costs 
on Small Second Operation Work 

• • • Metal removing ability, 
riD.c combined with fast operation, 

U— — I gives the No. 000 Plain Milling 

Machine a distinct advantage on 

second operation work in lower> 

ing costs. 

Wrife for defoi/s 
Brown & Sharpe Mfq. 
Co., Provide 

. R. I. 


March, 1941 


—and now another big 

Annual Alumni Banquet 

6:00 P. M, Tuesday, May 27, 1941 
Knickerbocker Hotel 

/(■(.i Rait If'tdlon Place. Chicapi 

To those who have attended the annual alumni banquet 
in years past will come happy memories of the few hours 
association with classmates, professors and friends that the 
occasion provides. 

Another alumni banquet is in the offinq- A better pro- 
qram, perhaps? A livelier eveninq, perhaps? New fea- 
tures, perhaps? But never a better time to aqain meet the 
old qanq you qrew up with. Other than that you will be 
exposed to 

1. A menu that includes in rapid 
order: shrimp cocktail, chicken 
broth, celery and olives, sizzling 
filet mignon with trench fried 
onions, fancy spuds, new peas, 
special salad, toasted wafers, 
and, not ice cream, but frozen 
trench pastry with coffee. With 
this as a base, you will be ready 
to hear 

2. A nationally prominent 
speaker who will expound upon 
a current topic along with a 
very, very short report of the go- 
ings on at the Institute and in the 
alumni association. Mixed in 
with all of this, will be 

3. The undergraduate Glee Club 

and the Institute Orchestra to 
bring you up-to-date on the 
songs the current crop of engi- 
neers are singing. Then you will 
be surprised to learn that at no 
time during the evening will you 
be expected to hove anything 
but a good time. There will be 
no solicitation of funds, no col- 
lection of dues (unless you wish 
to pay them), no tipping, for the 
one cost is two bucks. So while 
this is fresh in your mind send 
your check, money order or cold 
cash for 

4. Reservations — The Annual 
Banquet Committee, Alumni 
Office, 3300 Federal Street, Chi- 

EUGENE VOITA, ARCH. '25, Banquet Chairman 






A. H. JENS, '31 


K;iyniond Eunone Ortoii. a mciiiber 
of tlif class of li)2y ill the (iL-partuient 
of Civil EngiiKt-riiig, receives the 
nomination for Man of the Month of 
the Armour Alumni Association in rec- 
ognition of the publication of his 
series of articles. "Photoelastic Analy- 
sis in Commercial Practice." pub- 
lished in Machine Design. The new 
'ideas and developments brought out 
in Orton's five articles were enthusi- 
astically received by engineers and de- 
signers throughout America as evi- 
denced by the large number of reprints 

Machine Design gained the honor 
jDf first award for "editorial achieve- 
jment in presenting the best series or 

! editorials publislied (in this class of 
Magazine) during the twelve months 
ending July .31." 1940." The award 
was sjjonsored by Industrial Market- 
ing, and was based on the judgment 
)f a jury of awards which included 
eadiiig engineers, journalists and ad- 
rertising executives. 

These articles indicated an effi- 
ient and commercially useful means 
if solving stress problems and cov- 
red tlie theory of light and elastic 
heory as it pertains to Jihotoelastie 
malysis. A discussion of ajijiaratus. 
nodel making, calibration and opera- 
ion, interpretation and ajjplication 
)f analysis, and a discussion of 
rrors, were included. 
I Orton, for the past two years, lias 
leen Cliief Engineer. Tool Division, 
^cme Steel Compain-, Chicago. For 
ight years, following graduation from 

'«4arch, 1941 

.\rmour, he was a member of the en- 
gineering staff of the Orton Crane 
and Shovel Company, conducting 
work in design, detailing and special 
purchasing of cranes, shovels, hoists 
and derricks. 

During ]!).'J() and 1937. he was 
Special Steel Mill Engineer for the 
mainteuance and develoi)nunt of sjie- 
eial equipment at the ^\'iseonsin .Steel 
M'orks, Chicago. 

In 1937, Orton began work for the 
Aeinr .Steel Company in the dej)art- 
meiit for the design ami develoj)- 
ment of hand tools for packaging 
goods witii strip steel bands. After 
a sliort jieriod as an assistant engi- 
neer, lie was livomoted to the )lo^ition 

of Chief Engineer, which position lie 
holds today." 

Otlier technical |)apers published 
by Ortoii include: "Graphical Analy- 
sis of Sections," Machine Design, De- 
cember, 1937; "Stress Relief at Stress 
Concentrations," Machine Design, Au- 
gust, 194.0. 

In continuing his education, he has 
studied metallography, and the ap- 
plications and heat treatment of met- 
als. He is a registered structural 
engineer, a member of the American 
.Society of Mechanical Engineers and 
the American Society for Metals. 


Eugene \'oita. who has been most 
active in the affairs of the Armour 
Alumni Association, was recently re- 
elected to the Board of Managers, 
representing the Classes of 1922-2G. 
He received the degree of Bachelor 
of Science in Architecture from 
Armour Institute in 192.5 and fol- 
lowed this with specialized study at 
I.'Ecole des Beaux Arts, Fontaine- 
bleau, France, in 1929. 

\oita was very much interested in 
architectural competitions and won 
the following awards : .$'2,000 first 
I)rize in international architectural 
lompetition for a more aesthetic de- 
sign of a typical steel water tower. 
1931; sixth prize in an international 
competition sponsored by .Standard 
.Sanitary and Manufacturing Com- 
jiany, Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania. 1930: 
second prize in the foreign travelling 
scholarship comiietition of tlic Chi- 
cago .\rehiteetural Club. 1929. 

He is now iiraetieinff architecture 


ill liis own (itlici-. li,i\iiiir |ii-<\ iously 
hfcn finployicl ;i^ an architr.-tni-al 
dcsiuiii-r for Howard Major of N\\v 
York, tdolidiiv an,l Hod-aoii. flii- 
i-auo, ami ( II. Walcott. t'lii- 

(ii-nc's iioliliii-^ iiu-huic travrlliiLij: 
and collirtini;- work^ of art from flic 
many i-ountrics he lias \ isitrd. He 
(ovcrcd all parts of Kuroju- anil 
Nortlurn Africa in 1 il_'!)-:iO. Mexico 
and Yucatan in l!).!'.', and Hawaii. 
.Iai)an and China in li):i.5. Exten- 
sive sketeliinu; and a study of living 
conditions with considerable attention 
to methods of construction were un- 
di rtakcn on these joiiruiys. 

Hi is ,-1 meniher'of thc'clitf Dwell- 
ers, 'rhet.i Xi I'raternity. .Soaral). 
and the Theta Xi Clul) o"f Chicauo. 
He has luen chairman of the .Munnii 
Han(|Uet arrani;cment connnittce tor years. 


Professor .'. H. i' was in 
Detroit early in .lanuary, and took 
advantapce of the chance to meet some 
of the Armour men who live tliere. A 
luncheon meetinj; was held\i.iry 
fourtii at CotTee Dan's Old Madrid 
Restaurant, a most eomfort.ilile and 
respectable ))lace without any of tin 
raffish features which the n.ame <d' 
the ))roprietor mijilit suiTirist. 

Thirtv-scven .\ r m o u r men at- 
tended." Harold S. KUiniiton. 'OS. 
presided, and discussed the rapid 
frrowth and excellent (irospects of 
the Institute, announeini; that imi)or- 
tant developments would he made 
l)uhlie within a few days. Mr. El- 
lington, an enerjretic member of our 
Board of Trustees, exjircsscd his 


hope the Detroit alumni would 
lorm .1 |nrm.iiient or^ ion. .\ 
list of .\rmour nun in Detroit .-iiid 
n, iuhl.oriiin- cities has l.eeii sent to 
Mr. i:ilin-ton. to E. H. Hubb.dl. --'(i, 
.,Tid to .!. 15. I innejran, .(r.. '-i^. to 
,iid III m.-ikiiii: for the oricaiiiza- 

.\t the luiielieon. I'rofessor Eiiim- 
•j.:i\i deserilied jiri-sent conditions .at 
the Institute, diseussinj; tile Lewis 
meriicr. tin' three cooperative courses. 
the Enirineerini; Defense Tr.iiniii;;- the increased .attention to 
student |iersonnel |)roblcms. th<- r.-ijiid 
growth of the eveniiiii division .and 
the graduate' divisiim. the Research 
I'ouiidation. .iml the general atinos- 
jihcrc of coiitideiice and energy ap- 
jLirent throughout the school. 

Those present at the meeting were 
as follows: Ahern. .T. .T.. E.P.E. •.!.-.: 
Alber. L. Dean. E.P.E. L't) ; Areiids. 
E. W.. E.P.E. ■;?-'; Arends, John .1.. 
E.P.E. -.iJ; Berg. Melvin C. F.P.E. 
■.!(): Brav. Don R.. F.P.E. '30: 
( ii.indlcr." C. .S.. E.P.E. 'l'S: Cl.irk. 
.(. r.. E.P.E. 'l-'S; Corliss. (Ico. \\'.. 
E.P.E. '27: Cottington. Nason. E.P. 
E. '2S: Dunbar, c". W.. E.P.E. ■;is : 
Ellinuton. H.irold .^.. C.E. 'OS. 

Einnesian. .Ir.. .1. B.. E.P.E. '.iJ : 
deislcr.' R. .1.. C.E. 'IJ: (Hover. .1. 
X.. ('h.E. '-'"i; Henrv. .Jr.. Arthur 
W.. E.P.E. 'lis: Hirt'. W". A.. E.l'.. 
07: Hubbell. E. R.. E.P.E. -26: .len- 
seii. Rov p.. M.E. 'u'.i; Kcsselring. P. 
H.. F.P.E. '.il : Kittler. M. .1.. M.E. 
'2i); Koch. Albert N.. M.E. 'If: 
Lukas. .\I. A.. I'.P.I'.. '-if: McK.ira E. \'.. E.P.E. ■()!>: M.igiiire. H. 
r... E.P.E. '17. 

.Miller. Leo B.. E.P.E. 'l'S: Nel- 
son. ('. A.. E.P.E. '.Ci: Paul. Don .1.. 
I'.P.E. ':>(): ReiHer. .1. .1.. E.P.E. '-'.S: 

.sademali. Elmer E.. E.P.E. ':!.■!: 
.Siiu'thells. '\V. T.. E.P.E. ':!••!; .'^Iiur. 
1). C; .Swinson. H. A.: \'.inder]ioor- 
ten. S. A.. F.P.E. ':{;!: Wittiim. B. 
A.. F.P.E. '29; Wolf, A. M., E.E. 


Professor visited Cincin- 
nati .l.iiiii.ary fourteenth to .address ;i 
cl.iss ill tire insiir.ince coiidiieted by 
W.ilter H. .Mex.iiider. E.P.E. ■■J7. in 
the evening division of the lni\er- 
sitv of Ciiicinn.'iti. Regular enroll- 
iiH-iit in the cl.ass is thirty, but this 
lecture, the List one of the seiiiest. r. 
w;is .■innoiiiiced to insiir.ince 
men and the attendance .iboiit 
one luiiidred. iiicludiiig .\r 
mour men. 

On .January fifteenth. Prof.ssor met nine of our alumni at 
hincheoii ,it the Netherl.iiids I'l.i/a 




Lieutenant P.iul 1.. d. Moore, ai 
outstanding graduate of the Civil En 
iiineeriiig Department with the Clas 
of l!i:i7 was instantly killed whci 
the speedy Airacobra P-:i!) pursuil 
plani- he was iiiloting crashccl fron 
1000 feet on December 22. l'.»H). H 
was detaihd to Patterson Field, Day 
ton. Ohio, to test this type of pl.ii 
The accident occurred at the T;i 
lorsville dam which is near the fiyini 

Paul Moore, an atfable ehar.icti 
to all who knew him. an .ithletj 
of high caliber in .addition to b 
a scholar. He captained the .\rmou 
Boxing Team in l!»:i7 and gave a 
exiellcnt account of himself in th 
(ioldcn Oloves bouts that year. Hi 
scholarship ranked him with the to 
men in his class and lie was 
warded with membership in Tau Bet 
Pi. He took an active interest i 
school afiairs and was always read 
to lend a hand to a classmate. 

After graduation in 1937 he sper 
a short time with the United State 
(lypsum Company and later becani 
a flying cadet in the U. .S. Army Ai 
Corps at Randolph Field. Texas. H gr.idu.ited in Febru.iry. 1939, n 
the highest ranking cadet. In tht 
same month he was married to Mis 
M.ary Eange of AVicliita. Kansas. 

I.ieuteiiant Moore .assigned t 
.*^elfridge Field. Michigan, and w.i 
stationed at P.itterson Field to te; army jil.incs. This assignmei 
came because air corps officials 
!i.irded .Moore as an outstanding l)ilo 
He had always been ;in avi.ition ei 
thusiast and considered .irniy flyin 
a job he had to do. He did not fc 
that his endnrancetesting of liigl 
spi-cd ]il.ancs was .-i nude 


Reports of the accident indicate 
iat while he was travelling at a higli 
peed a piece flew off the wing tip 
nd liit the plane's stabilizer. The 
lane fell immediately from an alti- 
ude of 1.000 feet after a snap-over 

Funeral arrangements were com- 
ileted in Wichita, Kansas, where the 
aniilv home was located. 


At the end of the Alumni 
Xotes for each class in this is- 
sue of The AlRmour Exgixeeu 
AND Alumnus is shown a list 
of names for which tlie Alumni 
Office has no record of business 
or home address. If you know 
the whereabouts of any of these 
men please send any informa- 
tion you may have to the 
Alumni Office, .3300 Federal 
Street, Chicasco, Illinois. 


AViiEF.i.ER. John- Joxks. M.E., who is 
etired, is residinfr at 8.57 E. 116th Place, 
[OS .\ngeles, Cal. He writes that he is 
ut in California takinL' the sun cure, 
i-ying to fret the kinks out of his writinfr 


, S.\LAMsox, Max. 

[ 1898 


I Weixsiii:i.-vii;r. Warrex F. 


Shvrart. Bexedict. M.E., passed away 
\ San Diejro, California, on September .3(1, 
940. ^Vhi]e in the hospital a freijuent 
isitor was .Mr. Shubarfs old Mathematics 
rofessor at .\rmour. Dr. .Vlderson. He 
as a partner in the firm, .Sehubart & 
ehloss, speciallzinfr in machinery and 
umping- equipment with offices in Denver, 


nE RiMAXoczv, Beta 

Morse, Cihrles Scmxer 


H.\YDEx, George E.E., who is 
cretary of the Continental Insurance 
ompany, 80 Maiden I.ane, New York 
ty, N. Y., is now residing at 57 I'nion 
reet, Montelair, New .Tersiv. 

Fischer. Ch-uiij:s Hexrv 
Grait, Herman- Walter 
Martix. Robert Cioioiiax 



Ahxold. Mark H. 
Baker, Earl Heau 
Cohex, Louis 
Parker, Johx' Hex-ry 


Bairu. -Maxley F. 
Hahwooh. FanvARn Thomas 
Miller, Ivax* D. 

ScHEiDLER, Oscar 
\Vall.\ce, Ernest Leroy 
Week, Joh.v Elmer 


Strjckler, John' Frax-kli.v, M.E., wlio 
is Secreti-y of the Jam Handy Picture 
Service, Inc., 2900 E. Cirand .\ve., Detroit, 
Michigan, has recently moved to ()7 Eason 
.\ve., Highland Park, Michigan. 

Babcock, Fred Ripley- 

Kaempfer, Albert 

QuiEX", Erx-est Louis 

Steve xs, Gr-\ftox- 

Stiulsox, Howard George 

Weisskopf, M.a.l'hice Joseph 


Frary, Dox- Re.\d, E.E., is now In 
the Marine Insurance Dept. of Forrest I,. 
Haines, 16.57 Washington Ave., Miami 
l?each, Fla., and Is residing at 216.5 S. W. 
loth St., Miami, Fla. 


KxAPP, Morris J.^sox 

Xy3iax-, Mel-\xcthox- Rees 

AV.\LLACE, Johx- Fixulay 


Ash, Howard Joseph 
Beamer, Burtox- Evaxs 
McLexx-ax", Hugh 
Steji, LeVere H. 
Thompsox-, Johx- Khixg 
Tyler. Alv.x. Warrex' 
Wright. MEL^-ILI.E Edwix' 

35th Year Reunion 

Under a Rixy-Ray-Rah-RIx ! ! Armour 
Tech-Nought Si.x!! screaming headline 
announcement comes news that this class 
jilans to make the Alumni Banquet on 
May 27, 19+1, the greatest reunion they 
have ever staged. The arrangement com- 
mittee Is lieaded by co-chairmen Max 
Woldenberg and David Moreton. .\ssist- 
ing in the preparations are the following: 
Charley Baker, AValt I.einlnger, Boli 
I. aver. Gene Hiller, Frank Wanner, Joel 
Smith, Phil Harrington, .Joel Wilson and 
O. T. Allen. Queries may be directed to 
the committee at 1-59 W. Klnzle Street. 
Chicago, Illinois. 

Samuel Kleix". C.E., was instantly 
killed when he fell from a corridor win- 
dow of the 16th floor of the Tower Build- 
ing in Chicago, on December 6, 1940. Mr. 
Klein had Ijeen in ill health for the past 
two years. He was a prominent consult- 
ing engineer. He Is survived liy his 
widow, a son, and a daughter. 

Brejier. Harry A. 

Cutler. Edward Warxer 

Edsox-. Normax L. 

Morrisox-. Ralph D. 

Reed, Oliver Roy 

Scott. Patrick .Tohx- 


Badger, Leroy H. 
Heixsex'. George Martix" 


Praue. Edmuxd .Vddisox' 
.schermeriiorx. william e. 
TcRXBULL. Ira James 
Wheeler. Harry McIxt\re 
YouxG. Lertox' Burdell 


WiLSEY. Grover H., C.E., who is thiet 
Engineer, F'olev Brothers, Inc., Ple.Tsant- 
Nille, 111., has m.ived t.> 16 EUlrid^e .\ve., 
Ossinin;.', N. Y. 

Cahax", J.^mes 
CoLiixs, Fbaxk C-\MPBELL 


Stabix", Louis Duaxe 


FaisBiE, Hexry Charles. C.E., who is 
in business for himself at 2138 E. 5.5th 
St., Los Angeles, Calif., has recently 
changed his address to 100 Via Trieste, 
Newport Beach, Calif. 

YouxGBERG, Harry W., C.E., wlio is 
with the Robins Conveving Belt Co., 
Passaic, N. J., has moved" to .304 Hillside 
Ave., Nutley, N. J. 


-\herx', Johx' F. 

Perrix'e, .\rthur a. R. 

SopER, Ellis Clarke 

V.^CEK, VixcEX-r Fraxk 


Eliel, Robert G., C.E., who resides at 
1001 N. JIain St., Rockford, Illinois, has 
l)een incapacitated since 1937 when his 
eyesight was destroyed because of an 
operation for the removal of a brain 
tumor. Members of the Class of 1910 are 
urged to write to Mr. Eliel and possibly 
renew old acquaintanceships. He was 
associated with the Bradley Machinery 
Co. in Rockford. 

McCuxE. SA.MUEL W., E.E., who is a 
Departmental Engineer in the Organic 
Chemicals Dept., E. I. duPont de Ne- 
mours, Wilmington, Del., Is residing at 
1404 North Bancroft Pkwv., Wilmington, 


Crocker, .Albert Hexry. .Ir. 

Gextry. Taxdy Exock 

I.EAVELL, Richard .\. 

MacEwixg. Eigexe Duxcax- 

Pe-irce. Roswell Phelps 

Thomas. William Enw.utD 

Williams. Duvall 



Cleaver. T. G., C.E., who is Sales Engi- 
neer for Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corp., 208 
So. LaSalle St., Chicago, has recently 
changed his address to 423 Kedzie St., 
Evanston, 111. 

Emix. Gersox Herbert. C.E., who is 
now- in business for himself as Sales Engi- 
neer, 616 S. Michigan .\ve., Chicago, 
rejiresents some of the outstanding mills 
in the country. He has recently changed 
his address to 2918 Pine Grove .\venue, 

Tobias. Wh.hied R., C.E., passed away 
at his home in Ins .\ngeles, California, on 
Christmas Day of a heart attack. He 
was a prominent roofing contractor In the 
Los Angeles and Hollywood area. 

D.v SiLVA. Ci-\udio Jose 

De T.xr, De Los 

DoERixG. Robert Carl 

Gr.\y. R. Leoxard 

GRiiTrnis. Fraxcis Herbert 

Peteibox-e. Gehrv D. 

8.\LO>iox', Meyer .Ioshiw 

Schmidt, Emil J. 

Sciii'LTZ. Wn.MAM Enw \Ku 


Clark, Roxald, C.E., who is Regional 
Director for Euro]>e & Canada for the 
Lnlted States Steel Export Co., 3o 
Church St., New York City, is residing at 
3.'^ B(uilder Trail, Bronxville, New York. 

larch, 1941 


Bi.i:kbai"3i. Ah'miik .In, its 


Marsh, C'ikohgk Kvi.rktt 
SwA-Nsox, Wii.i.iAji Hoiimr 
TiHi-KV. EvKRKrr W'ami: 
"liisiiiiiA. Hknhv T. 


l(PKiu:s, lliiWARi) p.. Arch., wlu) is Spe- 
lial AL'int fur liusunincc t'onipanv of 
North Aim-rica, K) l?roail St., ISoston, 
Mass., has recently moved to 1.5.5K Mass. 
Ave., Camhridfre, -Slass. 

llr.TZj.i.R, .1. K., M.E., who is in Imsincss 
for himself .as Commercial Photofrrapher 
at 188 Pipestone St., Benton Harbor, 
-Mich., is now residinjr at H. R. No. .i. 
llifrnian Park, Henton Harbor, Michigan. 

I,AR.sox, Ci.iFFORn M., .M.E., who is Chief 
( onMiltinir Engineer, .Sinclair Hefiiiinir 
Co., Il:i0 Eifth .\ve.. New York City, has 
n-centlv liuilt a ntw home at .")."> Tavmil 
ltd., N". Y. C N". Y. 

HoTiiWKi.i., HiiiiAHn I'oss. C.E.. is now 
ri'tired from business ami resides at fl'T 
S. Euclid .Vvenue, Princeton, III. 

■\rv, Walter B. 

Haxgs. Frederick Theodore 

Crow. Raij>h Miller 


Carrison, Carl William 
I. ILL, Arthur Carl 
.Moore, Foxtexelle I ogax 
.Mrxx, William Kihk 
Scii.MiEMAX, Oscar X. George 
Stax-ley. Harry Cadet 
Walix, Hi:bbi:rt .S. 


Heritage. Clark C .. Ch.E., who i^ 
Technical Director of the Wood Conver 
^ion Company, Clixjuet, .Mimiesota, niM\ 
be reached at Box I-iii. Clor|uet. Minne- 

Shaxe, .Tames Lynch. .\rcb.. who con- 
ducts architectural business, residi-^ at 
l"!> CottaL'e Hill, Elmhurst. 

.\iER, Philip Fextox- 

Harr, .\llex- Westgate 

CooLEY". Gilbert Staxley 

Case, Harry" Lewis 

Kaxx, William II. 

KijAwsKi, Edward .Sta.vislais 

Roberts, W, F. 

Schmidt, Cl-\rexce George 


Se.merak, .\ W, 
.Sevix, Ir\txg Maxdel 
Wright, .Joseph Charles 


Hook, I.eonuui I).. C.l',.. who is As- 
sociate C.Mistruetion En^dneer, Public 
Works Depl., I'. S. Navy. Naval Air 
Kase, Corpus Christi, 'I' is now ri- 
sidiuL' at iSM Florida. Corpus Chri-li, 
Texas, He is in charge of construction 
work .Ml outlying field P-2. estimated cost 
of which is .S^i.OOO.rHMl. Total jiroject cov- 
ers .Main Field, P-1, P-2 and P-;i, and 
.acreage is Ki.iO. Total estimated cost is 

.Strain-, II.vhry A., Ch.E.. was recenlh 
Jironioted to the iiositimi of Director of 
raw materials, fuel and power for the 
Carnegie - Illinois Steel C<irporation ,irul 
was transferred to the Pittsburgh Otlic.-. 
His residence until his f.amilv moves from 
Chicago in .June, will be the William IV. m 
Hotel, Pittsburgli, I'emisylvania. 


passed away in March. l!l»l) accordiiiL' to 
infoniLition received from Monroe. Mich. 

(ii.EAsox, Charles K. 


.loHxsox, Victor Emaxlel 
KiEXE, Theodore Johx 
-Ma.m.mes. Harry .\xtiioxv 


P.VRBorr, Ray-.moxd Din.mohe'ERso-N. William H. 
Shakier. .Syuxey 
Stark. .Andrew (ioRno.x 
Wagner, Fred Harry 
Wong. .1 1 Kwcm 


AhhVMS. .SvMlEL Neai, E.F... wlio is 
Pulilisher of the .\merican Trade Mag.i- 
ziiies. Inc., is now residing at the .Surf 
lotel, .501 Surf Street, Chicago. He has 
ivo daughters attending college, one at 
olorado College and the other at Frances 
Shinier Junior College. 

FixcK, SiDXEY- CoHi.vNi). .\ rcli., lias re- 
cently changed his address to TOUT (1g- 
Icsby" Ave., Chicago. 

MISSING -MEN Hobirt Sm\th 
Aphi.bach. Henry .Tiihs 
.\rmacost, \\ ilhi h H. 
Bland. Henry 

Hkoman, Johx (jistav 
Fames, Emeeson Rexioru 
Harris, H.vrby S. 
McHlgh. Lawrence Joii.n 


O'Dea. Thom<s .\I. 
Vol/. Wulmm Hikman 


.V-NDRE-N. Oioi Erik Hjalmer, C.F.. 
has recently changed his address to 2.ili 
Peoria -Vvenue. Peoria, III. 

I.irTGE, Haroiji, -M.F.., who is Mechan 
ical Engineer. War Dept.. St. Ix)uis Or 
dnance District. 12th & .Market St., St 
Louis. .Mo., is residing at 8760 Rankin 
Brentwood. -Mo. 

Pedersen. .Vrthir -\ksel, C.E,, who i- 
Engineer. Oscar Daniels Co.. 1.35 S. La 
S.alle .St.. Chicago, has changed his addrev 
to Route 2. Box :527. Tampa, Fla. 

Cooper, Earl Cortlaxd 

Haines, Edw.\rd Wilkred 

Kexdall, Sydney- Wilmeh 

King, Latrence -Xi.bebt 

Morse, Ralph I.incolx- 

PrOCHA/KA. R(IH)IP1I Vexci.e 

Vesely. Wh 1 1 \M .T. 


Bearing Service 


Sales and Sen-ice 


Class of 1912 

3860 Ogden Avenue 
Chicago, Illinois 

Crawford 4100 





Automotive Clutches 

6558 S. Menard Ave. Chicago, III. 

General purpose bronze bush- 
ings — Special bushings, plain 
or babbitt lined, to your blue 
prints — Bronze cored and solid 
bars — Laminated shim sheets — 
Bearings rebabbitted. 


lictory 2488 Calumet 4213 

1923 S. Calumet Ave., 

Chicago, 111. 

Building Supplies 






Industrial Purposes 




660! So. Central Ave. 
Hem. 3300 

"The Only Yard in the Clearing Di»t." 




MuRKisoN, John W., F.P.E., who is 
lesident Engineer, Curtis Lighting, Inc.. 
Dl Keith Bldg., Cincinnati, Ohio, is ra- 
iding at 2558 Madison Road. Cincinnati, 


Andre, Guy Lawrknck 

Durham, Edward .Tajiks 

Ehickson, Raymond Andhkw 

Kfrr, Volxey Applebee 

^'oGDEs, Francis Brooke 


Muesse, Howard S., Arcli., is in tlie 
ichitcctural business at 710 American 
lldg., Cincinnati, O. 

Tr.\sk, Frederic Allan, F.P.E., who is 
n Engineer for the Oil Insurance As- 
iciation, 175 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago, 
as recently moved to 1570 Oak Street, 
U'anston, Illinois. 



CowLES, Fr.\nk Spencer 

Dady, William Eugene 

Geijjmeier, Henry' Frederick 

Gold. Carl Lewis 

Si iiiMEK, Alfred Fisher 

Si n iscALL, Clyde 

Wallace, Maurice Roy 


Hall, Thomas Wixslow, M.E., who is 
issistant Advertising Manager for the 
arborundum Company, Niagara Falls, 
f. Y., has recently moved to East River 
toad. Grand Island, N. Y. 

Bloo3Iberg, Sheldon 

Fainstein, Morris 

O'Connor, William Joseph 

Podolsky-, David Henry 

PoPKiN. Jacob 

Sabiston, Kenneth M. 

Schwartz. Fr.\nk H. 

Smely", James 

Wong, Yuk Man 


Naiman, Julius M.. M.E., who is the 
wner of Julius M. Naiman Co., Consult- 
ig Engineers, 600 S. Michigan Ave., Chi- 
ago, has recently changed his address to 
02!) N. St. Louis, Chicago. 

WAi.rER, Charles Tayixjr, M.E., who is 
)evel(ipment Engineer in charge of 
'.quipment, Development Department, 
■wift & Co., U. S. Yards, Chicago, has 
liaiiged his address to 6700 Crandon Ave., 


Amu^rson, Fred B. A. 

Aii'i i.BAUM. Abraham 

HruDM, Louis Simeon 

HmiwDE, Aaron M. 

HiMON. Henry M. 

Kai'i.on, Hilton 

Ml NDT, Edward 

MiHiMOTO, David K. 


If run. Eugene Bernard 


I 1922 

May, Maxwell F., M.E.. is Vice Prcsi- 
!ent. Catalog Products Division. Young 
iiadi.itor Co.. Racine. Wisconsin. He is 
till residinsr in Palos Park. 111. 

MuTiELs. Thomas. C.E., who is Struc- 
iiral Engineer for the City of Chicago. 
i:is recently moved to 2005 Pearl St.. 
"raiiklin Park. 111. He is attending Illi- 
Hiis Tech nights for his M.S. Degrc<-. 

his i^ his third year of night school. 

TiiowiiHiDGE. Walter S.. M.E.. who is 
'icntary of the Bemis Manufacturing C<i. 
'■■ Slii-lioygan Falls. Wisconsin, is fortnn- 
tc survivor of an accident which oceured 
n l!i:!S. With two other men he was 
ra|i)iid in a dust bin while attempting to 
xtiiiL'ui>h a fire that had cained little 



The extra tough steel lines are white metal 
coated and markings are deeply stamped 
into Babbitt Metal. You can't beat them 
for dependabiUty and durability. 


m e fUFKiM PUL£ Cq- 








Soren N. Nielsen. President 
Elker R. Nielsen, '16, V.-Pres. & Treas. 

Compliments of 




233 West 63rd Street 


Phones: Englewood < 2489 



WholegaU Coniectioneri 




3211 Ogden Ave. 


Candles and Cigars 



Makers of "Tangy-Rich" 
Chocolate Products 

II 24 W. 59th Street 
Wentworth 4441 








822 E. 42nd St., Chicago 
Telephones: ATLartic 0011, 001!, 0ni3 

:March, 1941 


headway. One of the men perished as the 
fire got out of control hut Trowbriil^'e 
who was afire at the time thouglit to 
jump into an adjoining hin. lie was on 
the verge of life and deatli for some time 
and after nine months in the liosiiifal 
was released. Exeejit for sears there is 
little to remind him of his liarrowinp ex- 
|)erienec. His chief interests are liis wife, 
three hoys, and boating on Wisconsin's 
rivers in the Summer time. 


Eri_\n'dsox, Nei.s Hahoiii 
t'lASiBAi., John J. 
CIeorcevick, Ei.i.vs 
Hermax, Boris Soeomox 
Masox, Elmeb Habtels 


I'aoie, Walter Wiu.iam 


N' John Christian F.. 


lil.AlK, Geobge ("iUAHAM. F.P.F... wllll is 

an Engineer for Johnson & lliggins. lit 
Wall St., New York City, has changed his 
address to 1G710 Croclicran Avciuie. 
Flushing, I.. I., N. Y. Me re|)orts that 
on tours of inspection, he travels from 
.Maine to Florida and Wvoininir to New 

1 KINK. S., C.F,.. is PiireliasinL' 
.\L'ent for the Dow Chemical Co.. free- 

Concrete BreaVinq 

Phone: Normal 0900 

Chicago Concrete Breaking 



Removal of 




• • • 

G247 Indiana Ave. Chicago, El. 

Consulting Engine 


For All Purposes 

i Natural Gai \ 

r^ 11. «. 7 Coke Oven Gai t *, c..„ 

10 Uit: Soil i "* '^® 

' Producer Ga. ' 


308 West Wajhington Street 

Chicago, Illinois 



Merchandise Mart 
Superior 7811 


|>ort, Texas, and resides at ITIT Wl■^t Jiul 
Street, Frecport, Texas. 

Jensen, Hoy I'aii., M.K., is S|)ecial 
.\gent for Fireinairs Fund Insurance Co., 
10;il-2.'j Dime lildg., Detroit, .Mich., and 
lias changed his address to l:)-.'(i.-. Ilene, 
Detroit, .Mich. 

S.Mirii, Ok.mas (.'•.. t'.l'.., who is F.ngi- 
luer of Huildings, Cliicigo .\rea, Illinois 
liell Telephone Co., JDS W. Washington 
St., has changed his address to 770 Oak 
Grove .\ve.. Highland I'ark, 111. 

Temple, Hobert .\., F..F,., who is Su]>- 
erintendent of thi- .SduIIi Chicago I'laiit. 
.Marblehead l.iinc Comi.any. .•(•-H.-) F. loiird 
Street, reside- .it 7117 .Icft'cry .\\crinc. 

WoBLEV, John Ci.ahk. F.I'.F... who i- .i 
Consultant, lJ:iO Einl>ire State Bhig.. 
N. Y. C, has chauL'ed his address to T-iWi 
:).-,th .\ve.. Jackson Heights, N. V. Apt. 


( lAUK, Andrew Stewaht 

("rane, George D. 

DoLEsii, Frank James 

Downs, Fred Cauen 


.Mri.LER, DoroLvs F. 
Oboi.eb, Max O. 
Frice, Myron Hawley 
.Sciiw'.vHTZ. Max Leonard 
Si.oAN, Fred E. 
-Summers. I oris Henry 






:\it)iia«k i';tr,> 



Drawing Materials 

The fTorld's Finest 

Surveying Instruments 





VneqiiitocallY Guaranteed 

of N. Y. 


BiNNirr, I'ehiivai, .\., K.K., pass« 
awav on Julv 1'7, lUW at the Universii 
ot Chicago Ilospital. 

Campbell, Kiciiabd Hlake, C.E., wl 
is Superintendent of the Leonard Co; 
struction Co., .'J7 S. Wabash .\vc., Chicag 
resides at 12+0 Gregory Ave., Wilmett 

CiTTA, Jebby, Ch.E., who is Inspector 
the -Vutomatic Sprinkler Dept. of the II! 
nois Ins|)eetion liureau, 911 Myers Bld( 
.Springfield, 111. has moved to 1:51* We 
lies .\ve., Springfield, Illinois. He 
married and has two children. 


Technical Sales Representative, Vclsic 
Corp., Chicago, has recently changed \ 
.iddrcss to 1711 Fortinan .\ve., Cinclnna 

IIv.NsoN. Everett Hart, CliE., who 
rhiff Industrial Engineer for Standa 
Oil C... of Incli.iria. Whiting. Ind., h 
recently cli.inged his .iddress to !»S->i Sou 
Iloyne .\venue. Chicago. 

Henrikson, Karl E., wh.i is Engine 
in charge of Laboratory. I. ink Belt C 
.519 N. Holmes Ave., Indianapoli.s, In 
has recently moved to 4480 Marcy Lai 
Indianapolis, Indiana. 

Keene, Cl-*ir L., E.E., is an Engine 
for the Mutual Boiler Insurance Coi 
)iany, 60 Batterymarch St., Boston, Mas 
and is living at 10 I.awndale Road, Ea 
.Milton, Mass. 

Drawing Materials 

Drawing Materials 

Hamlin and Avondale Avenues 

Electrical Equlpmenf 


. . . since IHQO 

Eiec+ricai and Mechanical 
Carbon Produds 


3450 S. 52nd Ave., Cicero, Crawford 226 

Chicago Transformer 

Chicago, lllinoii 

Independence I 120 

Electrical Equipment 




Telephone SEEIey 6400 




Director of Hesearcli tor tlie Florida 
wcr & Light Co., Miami, Fla., lias 
:ently moved to 1515 Country Club 
ado,' Coral Ciables, Florida. 
LowF, HiDoi.PH P., M.E., who is Vice 
esideiit and Chief Engineer of Pro- 
rtioneers. Inc., 9 Codding Street, Provi- 
nce, H. I., has recently changed his 
dre^s to 3LSU Pawtucket Avenue, River- 
e, H. I. 

MirssLER, Edmund J., F.P.E., who is 
perintendent, Lima Branch, Ohio In- 
action Bureau, 1019 National Bank 
lilding, Lima, Ohio, changed his ad- 
ess to 411 S. Main St., Columbus Grove, 

Veggeberg, JiLux M., M.E., who is a 
nior Mechanical Engineer, City of Chi- 
10, Bureau of Engineering, 811 N'. 
chigan Ave., Cliicago, has recently 
ived to 1807 X<irtli Rutherford Avenue, 

N'oRsuKisi, Hexhv George, Jr., Ch.E., 
L'epted call as pastor of the Westminster 
esbyterian Church, 58th and Chester 
•e., Philadelphia, Pa. It is understood 
s is one of the outstanding churches 
Philadelphia. His home address is 5820 
liitbv .\venue, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Wells, FLdward Lewis, who is Technical 
isistant to General Service Manager, 
^ntgonierv Ward & Co., 619 W. Chicago 
re., Chicago, 111., is residing at 4134- X. 
?ystone Ave., Chicago. 

AxDERSox, Harold Edward 
Bacal, Harry S. 
Baiji, ErcEXE Edward 
Bexsixger. Evgexe a. 
BrRKEY, Mack Garrett 


Falcoxer. Johx' Willard 
Gaylor. William vSparks 
Hart, Thomas Hexry 
ToHxsox, Elsier a. 
Kai rz, Clarex'ce F. 
I.ipsKV. William Sail 
McRxtiR. Herbert Kexxeth 
Nil -ON. Carl .Xicisi- 
li-ov. Aldex T. 

■*iAM I I IS, SalI. 

L'xger. a. Pat 
fV'icKEBs. William H. 
rt'AI.SII. .Toiix I.EO 


VIever, Edwix Maxw;:i.l. E.E.. is Chief 
igineer for Victor Insulators. Inc., 
etor, N. Y. He resides at 55 Elm Drive, 
pchester, N. Y. 

(Veixwirm, Walter Hexry, Ch.E., who 
Metallurgist. Union .Special Machine 
., 400 N. Franklin St.. Chicago, has 
inged his address to 7304 Lunt Ave., 

IVhitcombe, Earle S., F.P.E., was 
naed Assistant Western Manager of the 
irtford Fire Insurance Co. in a recent 
aouncement. He was formerly Assist- 
(t Su]H"rintendent of the Marine Dept. 
Ill Ixforp that Special .\gent and F",ngi- 
ir tnr the same Company, .\fter gradu- 
i'>ii from Armour he joined the staff 
I tin- Illinois Inspection Bureau and 
Mn lu- left in 19.30 he was Office Maii- 
i r. Residence is 822 S. 18th, May- 
Vocl, Illinois. 

!iA K. .Mortimer Devixe 
'A\ioHi), Robert P.vul 
'Ki I M.EAF, John- Simox 
'i>ii\>ox, Johx Godfrey 

*'l 1 ML, DoXALD J. 
^1 nil. MAX-, Ch.vrles S. 
'ki nuergast, Richard Ward 


'Viii.iv. Samiel R. 
:arch, 1941 



This flight instrument determines the Fuel- 
Air Ratio by analyzing a sample of the ex- 
haust gas. it provides a continuous guide 
enabling the pilot to control accurately the 
all-important mixture ratio from sea level 
to the highest altitude. This instrument is 
used on air transports and military ships 
throughout the world. Cambridge Precision 
Instruments are available for both science 
and industry. 
Moisaire Indicators and Recorders Physical Testing Instruments 

Surface Pyrometers 
Gas Analysis Equipment 
and other Mechar 

A.C. and D.C. 

1 Instruments 

al and Electrical 



3732 Grand Central Terminal New York City 


Phone Randolph 1125 
All Departments 






17 South Jefferson Street 
Chicago, Illinois 


Standard Transformer 

Chicago, Illinois 

Mohawk 5300 

Illinois Electric Porcelain 



District RepresentatiTe 

Telephene Frsnklln 8900 

20 North Wacker Drive, Chicago, Illinois 




690 West Adams Street 

Jack Byrnes Tel. HAYmarket 6262 


Neon Sign & Illumination Supplies 


16 N. May St. 
H. Epstein 

Chicago, III. 
Class 70 




1840 W. 14th St., Chicago, III. 








BAJll,tH, CllAKUS WoKK, I'.l'.K., « llo JS 

State Agent lor the (Jull Insiiraiicc L\k, 
70t) Cliuiulxr of Coiiiiuerce lililg., Iiuliaii- 
apolis, liul., is now residing at Jl'Ul I'ark 
Ave., Indianupulls, Iiid. 

il.vRKis, iltsHY .McCllixax, I'M'.E., who 
is a partner of MeCaslin & Harris, li.i'J S. 
Spring St., Los Angeles, Cal., and who 
resides at 110!) Amalfi Drive, I'acilie 
I'alisades, Cal., reports that lie and his 
wife just eouiplcted a six weeks aviation 
trip thru Me.xico, Central .\merica, Cuba 
and East Coast, combining business and 

HuBBELL, E.\RL HaYMOKD, F.l'.E., wllii 

is Kegional Manager, 
(Jroups, l+i!l National Bank 131dg., De- 
troit, Micli., is residing at 2010 Einihurst 
Ave., Ho) al 0;ik, Micliigan. 


who is Secretary-Treasurer of .\ll>iii ,J. 
Liepold, Inc., 5+1 Diversey Pkwy., 
recentlj- changed his address to loM 
Washington Ave., Wilmette, III. 

Heckeh, CiEOBGE 


Jacobs, Leo Barker 
Kloer, Charles G. 



Eraser, Cyril Carey, M.E., who has 
been Chief Engineer for the Wander Co., 
Villa Park, Illinois, is now Power Super- 
visor for the E. I. du Pont de Nemours 
& Co. at Seaford, Delaware. He is resi- 
ding at Seaford Inn, Seaford, Delaware. 
He writes that next summer he expects 
to move to Martinsville, Virginia as 
Power Supervisor in the Nylon Plant be- 
ing built there. 

GoETZ, Marcus T., E.E., is Development 
Engineer for the Teletype Cor[)oration, 
1400 Wrightwood Avenue, Chicago, and 
has recently moved to 5731 N. Rockwell 
St., Chicago. 

Hall, Perry C, E.E., is a Development 
Engineer for the Universal Cooler Corp., 
Marion, Oiiio. He writes his present work 
consists of laboratory testing and de- 
sign of coolers. His home address is 67(i 
S. Prospect Ave., Marion, O. 

Ki-iTEL, Wilton V., F.P.E., was re- 
cently made Assistant Manager in the 
Cook County office of the Phoenix-Con- 
necticut Group of Fire Insurance Cos. He 
was formerly Engineer in this same of- 

Ix)VEJOv, Mai-rice Elmer, Cli.E., who is 
Instructor in Chemistry and Physics at 
Frances Shimer .Junior College. .Mount 
Carroll, Illinois, lives at KIH Kid-e St.. 
Mount Carroll, Illinois. 

Sairs, I-EoNABn K., C.E., who is Tool 
Supervisor, Bucyrus-Erie Co., U'JIO Clare- 
mont .\ve., Evansville, Ind., has changed 
his address to .•J< West Franklin St., 
Evansville, Ind. 

ZwiEHS, .Tons- n., C.E.. writes to the 
.Muinni Office, iimler date of .January It, 
lOtl, from CViracas, \'em'Ziii-|a, (c/o Petroleum Co.. AparlHclo SO!)) 
as follows: 

For some time I had kni>wn that theri- 
was something missing in my life and just 
the other day I found out what it was: 1 
haven't been petting my .Xrmoih F.kgi- 
NEEH AND Ai.rMNUs! So wlll you please 
change the address that you have in your 
flics so that once more I will bo able to 
get my copy. 

It's kind of n long story how I got 
down here, Imt here it is in brief: I had 



SIDNEY I. COLE, (Class 1928) 


Ereitors of Industrial Machinery and Materials 
Handling Edulpment 




tvlanufacfurers and 


of Felts for 

All Gove 


and Indus 

rial Pu 

pose s 

4029-4117 Ogden 


Chicago. III. 

Established 1899 

been transferred by tlie Sli.ll Oil Co. from 
Chicago to Jacksonville, Florida. I had 
been tliere only about 9 months when the 
opportunity was given to me to be trans- 
ferred to another one of the Shell group, 
the Caribbean Petroleum Company, with 
headquarters in Caracas, Venezuela. It 
meant a consideraljle advancement for 
me, so the transfer was accepted, .\fter 
a short training period in New York, I 
arrived in Caracas on the 21st of June, 
1940. Titles do not mean anything down 
here, but on the record I'm supposed to 
be the .\ssistant Engineer, although on the 
trips to the interior we may be anything. 
.\t the ])resent I'm particularly interested 
in the Engineering from the Sales or- 
ganization viewpoint, so that the reduced 
production down here due to the war 
hasn't affected us to any large extent. 
However, in the fields there has l)een quite 
a reduction in the flow of oil. As the 
major part of the income of this country 
is derived from the sale of i)etroleuni 
products, such restricted flow has been 
keenly felt here, and has necessitated some 
very drastic economies. .\ good percent- 
age of the Government Engineers were 
.\mericans, but during the last couple of 
months a considerable percentage of them 
have returned to the States. However, 
there is plenty of work to be done down 
here, and as soon as the production is 
back to normal there will be a liig "boom " 
on here. 

Oh yes, in .inother instance, your rec- 
ords might be wrong. On Dec. istli. 19:i9, 
my legal status changed, so that now I'm 
I in.irried man. 

I'll be looking forward very mueh to 
receiving the .Vbjioir Engineer and 
.\li-.mnis again, and if you have any re- 
cent back numbers that arc lying around 
loose, I'd appreciate receiving them also. 

Herkso.v, .\ahon 

(ailles, n. /,. 

( iiAVES, Frank C 

I'.MIRSON, Haiph W. 

Geohge, HriiKEHr 1(., .Ir. 
Ill VIS, .\. B. 
KoKi'iR, John J. 
I. arson, EnwiN A. 
I i:i:, (Jkohgi: Hahoi.d 
.Siiiiscii, Cahi. G. 

thomi'.son, c;. W. 

Vekano, Victorio Q. 
Weinberg, Joseph 


i» Victory 4515-4516 


Telegraph Florist" 

J. F. 


Not Inc. 




T. A. Kldwe 

1 Chici 


Serson Hardware 

Established 190" 



109 East Thirty-First Street 

Phone Victory j 'J;;' 


Chandler, Chakies .S.. F.P.E., who 
Special Agent for the (Jreat Americ 
Ins. Co., (i'Jo Shelby, Detroit, Mich., h 
recently moved to 15109 Holinar, Detr 

CiRAE, Pail .-Vnthony, C.E., who 
Plant .Manager for Container Corporal! 
of America, 1301 W. :i.itli Street, Chicaj 
has recently changed his address to 82 
l.angley .\ve., Chicago. 

Grosoitii, Joseph. ,Ir.. Arch., was mi 
ried to Miss Olive Fisher, .^pril (i. 19' 
Residence is at '20.5 Washington Stre 
Oak Park, Illinois. 

HiEBER. Paul, C.E., who is a Sts 
Highway Engineer, Division of Highwa; 
Courier News HIdg., Elgin, HI., lias 1 
centlv changed his address to 917 S. 
Johns Ave.. Highland Park, 111. 

Kriecer, Harry I.elanu, F.P.E., En: 
neer, Ohio Inspection Bureau, Wl 
Hroad Street, Columbus. Ohio, has 
cently moved to \ir,r, Wyandotte Hd., 
lumbus, Ohio. 

I-ANOAN. RuilARll K ., F.P.K.. is Sff 

.\gent for the Cireat .\iiierican liisuraii 
Co.. I19t Starks Huilding. Louisville, K 
and resides at li:i07 Gladstone, l.oiiisvil 
Ky., Carl Leonard, M.E., who 
Industrial F^ngineer, Swift & Co., I' 
Yards, Chicago, III., has moved to 76 
S. Vernon .\ve., Chicago. 

Miller, Leo H., F.P.E., is State Age 
for the Pacific Fire Insurance Co. 
Hankers tS; .Shipjiers Insurance Co., 
Penobscot BIdg., Detroit, Mich. His lioi 
address is Walled Lake. Michigan. 

.Smetiiei i.s, .loiiN .M.. announces t 
arrival of a bouncing baby boy to f 
Smethells household on .\ugust Id, 19 
Named Charles Richard. 

Tracy, Mairice B., E.E., who is in t 
Personnel Department of the Cienei 
Electric Company at Bridgeport, Con 
was recently in Chicago interviewi 
graduating engineers for the (Jenei! 
Electric C-o. .Similar visits were made 
engineering colleges in tlie middle 
Tracy's home is at 929 Wilcoxson, Stri 
ford. Conn. 

I'ri:, Harkv C., C.E., who is Engine 
for Arthur J. O'l.eary & Son Co., 67 
W. (i.'jth St., Chicago, is residing at (i+6 
89th Street, Chicago. 



(li STAFSON, Gust A. 
Mahiioefer, Lawrence J<isi:ri[ 
Oc.uKx, Tom 


lii 1 ME. Ernest A.. F.P.E., is Fire Sur- 
vey Engineer for the Mill Mutnals, 800 
Flour Exclianfre, Minneapolis, Minn. He 
resides at l-OKi Drew Ave., So., Minne- 
i|piilis. Minn. 

l-.nuKSEN, .VHNin- EiiAXCKE. .Vrcli.. who 
IS Sales Enfiineer for the Detroit Stoker 
ill.. :i:i3 N. Micliifjan .-\ve., Chicaj;o, is 
HOW residinfr at i>6'3 Hp-hland .\venue, 
lllen Ellvn, Illinois. 

.l.iiiNsox. Cake II., F.P.E., is Sjieeial 
Af;eiit for C'niin & Forster, 1 UKJ Nortli- 
Meslern Bank Bld^., Minneapolis, Minn., 
mcl is residinfr at .5340 Penn Ave. So., 
Miiuie.qKilis, Minn. He writes "The name 
)f .lolinson will continue for I can re- 
pert a son, Paul, liorn .lune 30, 19+0." 

KiKXAN, J. .Meevin, C.E., who is Man- 
lier. Foldinfr Carton Division, Container 
(■(.ip. of America, Manayunk, Plilla- 
lielphia. Pa., has recently moved to fl E. 
\\ \ iinewood Park, Wynnewood, Pa. 

kii>EPFER, George Aiocst, C.E., who is 
in Instructor, U. S. Navy, Naval Air Sta- 
tion, Pensacola, Florida, has moved to 302 
Second Street, Warrington, Florida. 

SiiMPEL, Robert EnwAHn. Arch., is now 
:( di'-ifrner in the Store Planning Depart- 
ment at Sears, Koelmck & Com)iany. 
Artliington Street and Honian .Vveiuie, 
(liie.igo. He also teaclies Mechanical and 
M.iehiTie Drawing at Schurz Evening High 
SeluHil. His home address is R. F. D. 
N'.i 1. Mt. Prospect, Illinois. 

\\M-riNG, Behxakd A., F.P.E., wlio i- 
Speeial Agent, St. Paul Fire & Marine 
liiMirance Co., 1010 Lafayette Bldg., 
Detniit, writes that he has been married 
-eMii vears and has a son 2''.. years old. 
Hi. home address is 8113 AViscolisin .\ve., 
Detroit, Mich. 

1 CooKE, Earle Frederick 

Garbett. Ralph 

LuTZ, Haroed Rcdoi.pii 

Montgomery. Glenn Merle 

RoHR, Elwin Kinyon 

Strom, George Wh.liam 


BiGELOW. Folger H., E.E., who is Sales 
Engineer for the Ilg Electric Ventilating 
Co. of Chicago, is residing at 13:30 East- 
Dnoreland. Apartment 3, Memphis, Tennes- 
see. He was married to Miss Ruth Smith 
of Memphis, on August IT, 1940. 

Chun. Edmind H., C.E., is with the 
U. S. Engineer Office, Mas.sena, N. Y. 

Tones, Charles Henry, F.P.E., who has 
lieen Special Agent for the Conmiercial 
I'nion Group of Fire Insurance Cos., with 
lieailquarters in Denver, Colorado, has 
luen made State ,\gent for these same 
( onL|i.inies with supervision over tlie 
inniintain states area. 

H vsMCSsEN, Frederik A.. C.E., who is 
I i\il Engineer, City of Peoria, Room -308 
I it\ Hall, Peoria, Illnois, has changed his 
adciress to 301 Emery St., Peoria, 111. 

UrcLEiN. .\RTin-R T., F.P.E., who is an 
lns|iector for the Iowa Insurance Service 
Bureau, has moved to 3(i4.') Summit .\ve., 
Sii>u\ City. Iowa. He writes that he 
iiioM'd into his own home just in time to 
riiiny the .\rmistice Day blizzard. 

\\'AHi.sTRANn. Hakoeu .\ .. E.E., who is 
l'n;;ineer for the Teletype Corporation, 
I loii W'rightwood Avenue, Chicago, lias 
reeentlv changed his address to WOr, N. 
Tavl.u-' Ave., Oak Park. III. 

Want help in 
DRAM I ^^W"* 

• This "R B & W Handbook of Common Machine Fasteners" s 
how fo represent more than thirty different types of bolts, 
rivets, etc. on assembly and detail dra>Arings where these sta 
fasteners appear. This booklet does not give dimensions nor 
fications of fasteners, but does show the most widely used conv 
tlons for their representation. 

More than 30,000 copies hove been requested by students, 
structors, and professional draftsmen. It fits inside a draw 
instrument cose. Your copy will be promptly sent to you — 1 
upon request. Write to our Port Chester address. 



II B S, W, 

of bolls, I 


)rWs le 

5. ha 


en a 

teoder in the man 



r thr 

aded fatlenings — 




rer of these produc 



Winkler, Charles Thomas, ,Ir.. M.E., 
who is Production Manager for the Rey- 
nolds Metals Co., 1259 S. Campbell Ave- 
nue, Chicago, has recently moved to 242.") 
Granville, Chicago. He writes: "Married 
for last two years. One exemption on 
hand- (ine on the way." 


Dvi.EwsKi. TiiAnnECs ,1. 

Hae;g::le. Alien Charles 

Miller. Max .1. 

Montgomery'. Hiram W. 

Peterson, Fesiiei.i. B. 

Phillips. John V. 

Pierce, Dana 

.Sanborn. Frank E. 

.Steck. Leon J. 

Taylor, .Toiin L. 

\an A'aezaii. Wm. S. 

Wiirriii:i.n. M vksiiaee Geohc.e 

Wcon. Mahsh m 1 B. 

1 0th Year Reunion 

For thinirs to come W.ileb Ml in Ml. 
Already special mailing h.i. gone ahead 
to the members of tliis class announcing 
(ilans for a reunion party that will over- 
shadow any class reunion in the history 
of the Institute. .\n aetivi' committee 
consisting of Eldon .lolmson. Boh Krause. 
Ed Paschke. Elmer H..|in, .iulian Lenke 

and .\rt Jens h.ive e jdeled )o-elioiin.iry 

W(0-k in develo)iini; the .innix ers.i ry pro- 

.Vi'ERHACii. Aevin BiKiiioin. C'.F... h.i'. 
been transferred t ort Do I'ont. 
Delaware, and now r.-sid,-s ,it I13!l Ave.. Al.-\andri,i. X'iriiinia. lie 

now has the rank of Captain in the Corps 
of Engineers. 

Collins. Robert B., M.F.., is now 
emjiloved as a Draftsman for Universal 
Oil Products Company, 310 S. Michigan 
.\ve., Chicago. His home address is 443(> 
Elm Street, Downers Grove, Illnois. He 
is married and has a year old daughter. 

Drell. Isadore I... Ch.E., who is a Job 
Analyst for the V. .S. Employment Serv- 
ice and conducts analysis work for army 
jobs in connection with the National De- 
fense Program, has recently moved to 
5411 Woodlawn -Vvenue, Chicago. 

.Iennings, George ,I., Jr., E.E., who is 
Supervisor, Board of Education. 228 N. 
I.aSalle, Chicago, has recently moved to 
,S33T S. Pauley, Chicago. For the last 
,S years, he has lieen Tennis Professional 
at Northmoor Countrv Club. Ravinia. 

Jordan. Philip J..' C.E., who is Civil 
Engineer, Construction Division, Bureau 
of EngineeriuL'. Citv of Chicago, 334 W. 
104tli Place, has reeentlv changed his 
address to T!)!! Euclid .Vv'e., Chicago. lie 
i, workinir at Stewart Avenue Water 
4nnn.-l.;iiam>i:ii. K- nxeth ('., F.P.E.. has 
rteently Joined the Indiana staff of the 
Great .\merican Group of Fire Insurance 
Cos. as Special .\gent. He was formerly 
an Inspector witli the Indiana Inspection 
Bureau in Indian.ipolis. 

i MUCIN. MAXW^:IL C. F.P.E., is Special 
Agent fin- Travelers Fire Insurance Co.. 
I'irst Nalion;d-Soo 1 ine Building. Minne- 
aiuili-.. Minn. He has recently moved to 
1221 Heard Avi-nue. So.. .Minneapolis, 




;.. C.E., is 


March, 1941 


ant in tlu' Civil Knfriiu-i-r Corps., CS.N'.R., 
Navv I)o|)t.. Hiir<-,iu of Yards & Docks, 
Navy I5l<if:., Wasliiiifrton, I). C. He was 
ordered to report for active duty Novem- 
ber 11, I!)KI. He resides at 8(i5 S. Ivy 
Street, Arlinjrton, Virginia. 

Mc.-\ni)i.i:. riioM.\s O lI.MiK. C.F.., who is 
now Inihistrial Eiifxiiuer for the Lock- 
heed .\ircraft Corp.. 15iirl)ank, Calif., has 
recentlv ehanjied liis address to ,5.529 
Denny' Ave., North Hollywood, Calif. 

Mi-Hi'iiv. Ori..\ni> H.. K.K., is in busi- 
ness at !)l(l West I ,ike .Street. He re- 
cently moved to IJIMI lirlleforte Ave. l)al< 
Park, 111. 

RiTT. 1' KnwAHi). C.K., is .\ssistant 
Enjrineer, I'. .S. Kngineer Office, Louis- 
ville, Kv., Federal Muildinjr, has moved 
to •>.'(; N. Mt. Holly .\ve., Louisville, Ky. 

Weis. IIknhv Birds M.I. . .M.F.., who is 
Enfrineer. Central Fibre Products Co., 831 
S. Front St., (^uinev. III., has changed his 
address to 2i5 S. •_':ird St., (Juiney, III. 
He writes that he was married to .Miss 
Virpinia Ohnemus on .\u)rust 2.5, 1939, 
and is now the i)roud father of twins, a 
boy and ,i irirl. born Oct. 10. 19H1. 

Ice Cream 


Served exclusively 



Thermometers — Barometers 


4949 North Pulaski Road, Chicago, IlUno 
KEYstone 6600 










1201 Wrightwood Ave. CHICAGO 

\Vii.sox, UouKHT Nk.m., F.P.F.., is now 
Enjiineer and .Vssociate .Manager, Indus- 
trial .\dvisors Bureau, Inc., Insurance 
.Vgencv Division, 711- N. li. C. Bid;:., 
Cleveland, ()., and is livin- at .ilds W. 
1.51st St., Cleveland, Ohio. 


FkHOI'SON, I.KSI.Il. .1. 
YZAOllRBK. M.VNlri .\. 


BlAl. .MaKSHAII. HoBlHT. F.l'.K.. who is 

Special .\gent for the .\utomobile Insur- 
ance Co. of Hartford, Conn., has recently 
ehanfied his business address to 11th 
floor. Merchants Bank Bldp., Indian- 
apolis, Indiana. His home adilress re- 
mains I-22I N. Guilford .\ve., Indianapolis, 

Carlton. Edw.\rd Wii.i.iasis. now heads 
his own enfrineerinjr firm which is located 
at S South Dearborn .Street, Chicago. 
Residence is at U.5II West C.lrnlake .\ve- 
nue. (^bicapo. 


741 1 










rsiah!,sh,-i 1-:- 

John S. Delman '32 



135 So. LaSalle Rand. 5560 


Chartered Life I'nderuriter 







135 South La Salle Stree 



Telephone Franklin 1 166 

Casi:v, J.\mi;s .Iosipii. C.E., is now ei 
l]loycd by Sanderson & Porter and liv 
in Wilmington, Illinois. 

Fri:i:r, Do.naij) Kdc.xr, F.l'.E., is 
Branch .Manager of the Kentucky .\ct 
arial Bureau, .51S Second National Bai 
Bldg., .\shlan(l, Ky. He is married 
has a daughter born April, 19:j!». I- 
resides at Ulllt Hilton .\ve., Ashland, K 

IlKCKMILLtR, lu.NATIUS A., C.E., wllo 

Junior Engineer, V. S. Geological Surve 
Indianapolis, Ind., has recently chang< 
his address to liou Indianola .\v. Ind. He is married and h. 
two daughters. 

Koch, .\i.iii;rt .Vrthur, C.E., who is f 
Associate Civil Engineer, U. S. Engine- 
Office, South Pacific Division, .3.51 Cai 
fornia Street, San Francisco, Calif., h. 
recently changed his address to 28 
Derby Street, Berkeley, California. 

ScHii.TZ, Wii.i.iA.H G., F.P.E., who 
an Engineer with the Lumbermens .Mutu 
Insurance Co., .Mansfield, Ohio, resides 
r,2~ Crescent Hoad, .Mansfield. His daup 
ter, Diana Jeanne, age six, has a 1.5-mi 
nte program on radio station W'.MAl 
Sunday afternoons. She also played tl 
p.irt of "Pud" in "On Borrowed' Ti 
with the Toledo Repertoire Theatre. 

Sr.iirsr, E. Boris. .Arch., is .\rchitectur 
Draftsman, City Planning Conimissio 
Room 200, Civic Center, San Diego, Ca 
and is residing at 731 Yarmouth Ct., .Si 
Diego, Cal. 

Toxs.\GKR, HowAHn .Arthur, Arch., w) 
is Draftsman, Schmidt, Garden & Erikso 
104- S. Michigan, Chicago, has moved 
127 Bonnie Brae, Hinsdale, III. He r 
ports that he now has a M..\. degree 
Architecture from M. I. T. and is al 
a registered architect in Illinois. 

Wegntr. Elmfr .\rGrsT, E.E., who 
Sales and Service Engineer for the Wes 
inghouse Electric & Mfg. Co., U 
Franklin St., Chicago, is residinc at U 
Highland St., Berwyn, HI. 


is now a Lieutenant in the L'. S. .Arm 
writes to the .\lunini Editor from :?22 
Veitch Street, .VrliuL'ton, Virsrinia, 

.lust to l)c crrt.iiii that I keej) on rccei 
ing the .\H>roiR I am sendi 
\ ou my latest mailing address which is 
given above. 

For the past two and a half years 
have been workiiiir with the T^. .S'. En( 
neers at Little Rock, .Arkansas, in t 
Hydraulics Sub-section. I had Joined t 
Engineer-Reserves back in lO.'J.i, and • 
December 17th last I was ordered in 
extended active duty with the Corps 
Engineers. I am just completing a fl 
weeks intensive course at Fort Belvo 
Virginia, and have been permanent 
.issigned for the balance of the year f 
duty with the Engineer School at Fo 
Belvoir and so will be remaining in the 
parts for a while. 

This five weeks c<nirse has reipiired th 
I remain on the post all week, gettii 
.iway only week-ends. .So I have hard 
been able to sec my family. I locati 
my wife and fourteen months old si 
lohn in .Arlington about seventeen mil 
Irom the Fort. 

While at Little Rock I w,)rkcd with I 
Rutt, who gradinited a few years befo 
1 (lid. He was still working in the Desi( 
Sei-lion when I left. Coming through 
\.irious times, I'rank Hromada (C.E. 'S 
■-topped in on his way to his Job as Sar 
lar\ Eniiincer ,it the Federal Penitentia 
it Fl Okl.ihoma. He took t.i liir 
M'if .1 wife Spring. 



BoGOT, Alexa>'d::r 
Casper. Joseph 
Combs, H.\hold F. 
EsKoxEX, Oscar 
Fox. Charles Hexry 
Hromada, Frank Miles 
Matheson, Doxald MacRai: 
.Miccrcio, Michael ,J. 
Skrakowski, Edward 


\'aighx, William T. 


Axuehsex. Walter Geokoe. Arch., wlio 
is Chief Draftsman for the National 
Youth Administration Architect's Office, 
ill W. North Bank Drive, Chicago, has 
recently moved to 4547 N. Rockwell St., 

Barx-ett, Orville Theodore, Ch.E., is 
Engineer of Tests for the Metal & Ther- 
mit Corporation. 92 Bishop St., Chicago. 
He resides at the Embassy Hotel, Chicago. 

Booth. William G., Ch.E., was recently 
transferred by the Union Special Machine 
Company to St. Louis, Missouri. 

Ca.merox. Howard James, C.E., is Park 
Engineer. Shenandoah National Park. 
Luray, Va.. U. S. Department of the 
Interior, National Park Service. I iiray. 
Va. He is living at 171 S. Court St.. 
Luray, Va. 

Ki-BicEK, Earl Charles. .\rcb.. who is 
Chief Clerk, General .\gent Passenger 
De|)t.. The Milwaukee Road, Room 711. 
10(1 W. Monroe St., Chicago, is now- 
residing at 547 E. 73rd St., Chicago. 

Lahsex, Hexry a., C.E., who is sales- 
man for the Western Shade Cloth Co.. 
lias recently moved to 600 Westmoreland 
Ave., Kingston, Pa. 

.McIxTYKE. .\lexaxder M., E.E., who is 
Svith the Electric Controller & Manufac- 
turing Co., 2700 E. 79th Street. Cleveland, 
lOhio, has recently changed his address 
•to 3103 Essex Rd., Cleveland Heights, 
Ohio. He writes that after May 1, 1941. 
his office will be at 310 South Michigan 
,\venue. Chicago. 

NEI.SOX. Clifford .\., F.P.F... is Special 
.\gent for the Home Insurance Co. of 
New York. 1800 Buhl Building. Detroit, 
and is residing at 14.595 Terry Avenue, 
Detroit, Mich. 

Sjietheli.s. William T., F.P.E.. who 
is Special .\gent. Detroit Fire & Marine 
Insurance Co.. 412 State Bank Building, 
has moved to (il9 N. Elmwood .\ve.. 
Traverse City, Mich. 


F.P.E., who is Inspector, Michigan In- 
spection Bureau, may be reached at Box 
:719, Detroit. Mich. " 

Berqiist, Raymond G. 


.\ .\rchie, M.E.. is now .\eronau- 
tical Ensiineer for Lockheed-Vega at Bur- 
bank. California. He took an extensive 
course in .\eronauticaI Engineering at 
California Tech. He now resides at 967' 1- 
N. Serrano. Hollywood. Calif. 

Cl-\rksox. Ci.arexce W.. E.E.. was em- 
ployed as an Electrical Engineer by the 
R. 'B. M. Mfg. Co.. I.ogansport. Indiana, 
on December 1. 1940. He is residing at 
Wi E. Market St.. I.ogansport. Indiana. 

Elijs. Raymond I.airexce. F.P.E.. who 
has been employed since .Tune. 1939. by 
R. B. Jones & Sons. Inc. Insurance 
.\gency. 301 W. 11th St., Kansas City. 
Mo., as .\ssistant Engineer is now residing 
at 4031 Garfield .\venue, Kansas City. 
Missouri. He is married and has two 
children, a son and a daughter. 

H.\RwooD. Richard E.. F.P.E.. who is 
an inspector for the Oliio Inspection 15u- 

March, 1941 


Furnished Armour Relays by 


185 N. Wabash Ave., Chicago 

Central 3115 


Mnmijactiiring Jewelers 

Loop Office: 27 E. Monroe 
Tel. RANdolph 4149 

Factory: 1140 Cornell. 
Tel. LAKeview 7510 





Founded 1887 

Independent— Endowed— Non- Sectarian 

Afternoon and Evenlns Clauos. 

Tel. Dee. B885. Collefle Bldg.. 10 N. FrankliT> &t. 

reau. lUlO Schmidt Bldg.. Cincinnati, 
Ohio, has recently moved to 2832 Harri- 
son .\venue, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

KosTEXKo. Barry- Michael, C.E., who 
is Technical Associate, Sueske Brass & 
Copper Co., 13 North Peoria Street, Chi- 
cago, is now residing at 227 S. 19th 
.\venue, Mawood, 111. 

Marty-, Raymoxd W., Ch.E., who is in 
the Eneineering & Research divisions of 
Phoenix" Metal Cap Co., 2444 W. 16th St., 
Chicago, has moved to 1933 X. Kimball, 

Storey. Doxald G., C.E., is a Junior 
Civil Engineer, Sanitary District of Chi- 
cago, 910 S. Michigan" .\venue. Chicago. 
His home address is S041 S. Perry Ave., 

.SvoDODA, Emil Axtox. M.E.. is now 
Sales Engineer for the Ampco Metal, Inc., 
Milwaukee, Wis. He is residing at 3330 
N. .Meridian Street, Indianapolis, Indiana. 

Thompsox. Paul James, E.E., who is 
Expense Controller for Montgomery 
Ward & Co., Baltimore, Md., has changed 
his address to .Vpt. .53, Oaklee Village, 
Baltimore, Md. 


.\nRiAx. George H. 

.\XDERSOX. Axdr[:w iIohx 

Bech, .Iose a. 

DWi.BA. Loris 

Davisox. Stephen- P. 

Eberly, Kexxetii C. 

GiBiAX, Fraxcis M. 

KoRixK. George T. 

Larsox. Walter H. 

MAsrRE. p. 

Mills. William R. 

Spaxgu-r. D. 


Birdsoxo. .Ioux M., M.F... who is Indus- 
trial & Methods Engineer for tlie 
Hvdraulic Control Department of tlic 
General Electric Co.. Schenectady. N. Y.. 
has moved to 1'- Washington. Scbcncc- 
t.ulv. New York. 






348 North B 


one Seeley 4400 

ell Avenue. Cdlcaqo 

Managennent Engineers 


Established 1911 







Head Office: LaSalle-Wacker Building 

Bristol. C'chtis Uobert, P'.P.E.. ac- 
cepted a position traveling Kentucky and 
Tennessee for the North British & Mer- 
cantile Insurance Co., .518 Starks Bldg., 
Louisville, Ky., on October 1, 1940, after 
having been with the Kentucky Actuarial 
Bureau since 193-5. His home address is 
1841 Roanoke, Louisville, Kentucky. On 
.\pril 10, 1940, he became the proud father 
of a baby girl. 

Cirrax-. Johx- Mabtix-, C.E., who is 
Layout Engineer for E. I. duPont, 
Iharlestown. Ind., has recently changed 
his address to 1100 E. 9th St.," Jefferson- 
ville. Indiana. 

Delaxg, Theodore George. C.E., is 
Chemical Engineer. Motor Products De- 
velo])ment Division. V. S. Rubber Co., 
Detroit. .Mich. He has recently moved to 
47ll<) Nottingham Rd.. Detroit, Mich. 

Goij)BERG. C'h.\rles K., M.E.. who is 
Designer with the Clearing Machine Corp., 
(i499 W. (i.5th St.. Chicago, has recently 
moved to 79.5.5 S. LaSalle St., Chicago. 

Hedix-, Robert Harry, F.P.E., who is in 
the L'nderwriting Dept., Hardware Insur- 
ance Co., 2'M4 Nicollet .\ve., Minneapolis, 
.Minn., is married and is now living at 
2222 Harriet .\venue, Minneapolis. Minn. 

Jox-ES. Barclay- VaxCott. C.F... who is 
Job .\nalyst for Spiegel, Inc., 1040 W. 
35th St., Chicago, was married on .Tune 1, 
1940, to Miss Georgette M. Becker of 
Wilmette. Residence is at 414 Maple 
Ave., Wilmette, III. 

Ketti.estrixgs. David Willis. C.E.. who 
is Structural Draftsman, The .Mississippi 
Vallev Structural Steel Co.. 2.5th .\ve. & 
Norwood St.. .Melrose Park. III., has 
recentlv chauL'ed his address to 701! N. 
5tb AOc.. Maywood. 111. He has a two 
vear old son, Donald. 

Mi:ssixGER, Bebxard 1.., M.F... who is a 
Mechanical Research Engineer for I ock- 
heed Aircr.ift Corp.. Burbank. Cal.. is 
residinir at 10920 Massachusetts .Vve.. 
Wistwood. I OS .Vneeles. Cal. 



. . . and you will find, if you are a discrimmatwg 
engineer or industrialist, that your plant, equipment, 
product and employees are protected by ECONOMY 
or TAMRES FUSES a refinement in safety pro- 
duced by over a Quarter Century of Dependable Service. 

Economy Fuse and Manufacturing Company 

General Offices— Greenview at Diversey Parkway 





:G '.:-•" Wncl-e- DrI.e Rara. 2326 

Representing — well known, successful, fully 
qualified builders of modern, efficient 

Process Machinery and Equipment 

Filters — pressure or rotary drum 
units. Spiral Heat Exchangers — 

Multi-stage Vacutim Equipment — fc 

cooling, refrigeration, deaeration, distilla- 
tion, deodorization. 

Steam Jet \'acuum Pumps — condensers, all 
types. Atmospheric Drum Drvers — single 
and double roll. 

Centrifugals — solid and perforate baskets — all 
metals. Centroid speed control. 

Chemical Stoneware — full line including suc- 
tion filters, pebble mills, rolls, raschig i 
towers, tower packing. Acid proof s 
)iipe, tanks, brick, tile, cemem. tank liii 

^itzgibbons Boiler Company, Inc. 




2015 So. Michlgar 


Chicago, Illinois 

Victory 1617 

Motor Truclcing 





33rd & Wabash 

Cal. 2500 


French-Fried Popcorn 
and Potato Chips 

F. L. Klein Noodle Company 


Office Furn.rure 

Office Furniture House, Inc. 





291 1-13 Wentworth Avenue 




Dramatized Photography 




425 South Wabash Avenue • Chicago 




In Our Studio or Your Home 

Specialists in Pictures for 



Est. 40 Years 14th Floor 

27 E. Monroe DEArborn 2924 

Official PkotographeT 
for the 







An economical reproduction process 
for Office Forms, Charts, Diogroms, 
Grafs, Specifications, Testimonials, 
House-Organ Mogazines, Bulletins, 
Maps and many other items. 
No Run Too Long No Run Too Short 

Estimates will not obligate you 
in any way. WRITE OR CALL. 




NiciioLAi, \\'ii.i.nM, Arch., who is 
Architectural Designer tor the Pure Oil 
(.11., :i5 E. Wacker Drive. Chicago, has 
recently changed his address to 1305 
.Sunnyside Ave., Chicago Heights, 111. 

Vaeoxe, -\., E.E., who is Radio 
Design Engineer, R. C. A. Mfg. Co. (Spe- 
cial .\pparatus Engineering Division), 
Camden, N. J., has moved to 2.56 White 
Horse Pike, .\udubon, N'. J. 

WoiJ, .\ M.\btix, E,E., who is 
.S.iles Engineer for Cutler-Hammer, Inc., 
.'7.55 E. Grand .\venue, Detroit, Mich., has 
recentlv moved to 14150 Linville. Detroit, 


Hess. Robert .\. 

.loxEs. Thoshs F. 


kv.vpil, g.\stav l. 
Lewis, William F. 


15alai, Nicholas. Ch.E., who is an Engi- 
neer with the Universal Oil Products Co. 
in Chicago, was married on September 
■_'H. 19+0, to Miss Margaret Lillian .\nder- 

Cole. James D.. E.E., who is an Elec- 
trical Engineer for the Joslyn Mfg. & 
.Supjily Co., 3700 S. Moran St.. Chicago, 
was iiiarried on .\ugust 18, 19W, and now 
lives at H7 N. W. Highwav, Park Ridge, 

Fleig, Donaij) Henrv. E.E., who is a 
Patent Engineer for the Bethlehem Steel 
Company, Bethlehem. Pa., has recently 
moved to 17 E. Lehigh Street, Bethlehem, 


M.E.. is now an .\ir Conditioning Engi- 
neer for Pedro -Martinto (Carrier Corp. 
representative) Edificio Raffo. Avenida 
I)e La Colmena, Dpt. 701. Lima, Peru. 
South America. He may be reached at 
ISo X. Lamon Ave., Chicago. 

GiLKisos, Thomas Mortimer, ChE., 
Hho is Chemical Engineer in Research, 
\nderson Clavton & Co.. Houston, Texas, 
was married Oct. 2(i. 19W. to Miss Betty 
Hartley of Ft. Worth, Texas. His home 
address is 174.3 S. 8th, Abilene. Tex. 

KiKscH, Eabl James, E.E., who is an 
Electrical Engineer for the Standard 
Transformer Co., was engaged on Decem- 


Phone Prospect 9110 



Estimates Cheerfully Gi:en 


5211 So. Trumbull Ave., Chicago 


Spwializing Phone 






1314 W. 63rd Street 


Plumhinti and Hi'alinp 

7060 CLYDE AVE. 




arch, 1941 




..(^m« iidii 



WiBASH 67<3 ^' CHIC4G0 

til Ajit. X-ii. tireeii Tree Manor, 
U-, Kentuck\. 


To business correspondents who do not 
know you personally, or who have not 
seen your place of business, your letter- 
head refleas the personality of your firm 



& Company 

-iZllcrLaJ <2)hl'tst- 


Chief Printing Co. 


Si)i-(ializinfi in Hiiih-C.lus.s 

For High Schools and Colleges 

148 West 62d Street 
Chicago, Illinois 

Teiephone Wentworth 6123 


732-738 Van Buren St. 

Creators and Producers 

of Better Grade 


Monroe 6363 



• Standard lines in stock 

• Specials made to oHer 

• rial' rr ::.:■■ . 


538 South Wells Street. Chi -. ■ 
Teleohone Harrison 723 ■ 

Fred W. Krenitel 



6400 Minerva Avenue, Chicago 

Pbooe Hyde Park 141} 


• 15.000 Paris 

• Test Equipment 

• Recording Equipment 

• Radio Receivers 

• Sound Equipment 


833 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago. 111. 


Real Estate 




her 25 to Miss Bernice Tliorsen of Oak 
I'ark, Illinois. _ 

Ks.\rs, HoiiGER GoTTmiD, E.E., who i-. 
.\ssistant Sales Engineer for the General 
Klectric Co.. Chicago Office, 849 S. Canal 
.St., Chicago, has changed his address to 
ISCil W. .\inslie St., Chicago. 

KR.vrs. .\ E., E.E., who is Factory 
Ifepresentative for Chamjiion Spark I'liig 
Co. of Toledo. Ohio, is now residing at 
1\'W West Chase .\ve.. Chicago. He 
writes that he built a new home at the 
.iIh.v,- a.ldress, and is aliout to he a pnnid 

.\U«K. .\ H.. C.K.. who is .Mital- 
hirgi-t for Wisconsin Steel Co., ■.'7(11 E. 
liiiith St.. Chicago, has moved to :{1I.". 
W . li'Jnd .Street. Chicago. 

Nk.m., Joiix. F.P.E.. who is 
Special .Vgent for the National Fire 
IiiMir.ince Co.. 42 E. (!av Street. Coliiin- 
l.iis. Ohio, writes fliat he' started with the in .(line, lit-!!), and spent one 
Mar in the Engineering Dept. in Chicago. 
Ill' and his wife have been residing in 
t oliinilnis since Sept. I. liUll. They have 
a baby boy almost one year old. 

I'.MTKR.SO.V. KoilIRT Ol.SON. M.F... who Is 

S.iles Engineer with the Powers Regulator 
to.. Cbicapi. recently won the I.'j.t lb. 
wrestling cham|>ionsbip in the .\inateiir 
Athletic I'nion finals in Chicago. 

Timhi:ri..\kk, CiiARLrs. F.I'.E.. 
u ho is an Engineer with the Kentucky 
\ctiiarial ISureaii. !)40 Starks Ifiiilding. 
Louisville, Kv., has recentlv chanired his 

\'.viLn.vT, Bex, E.E., who is with the 
iiiirgis> Battery Co., Freeport, HI., mar- 
ried .Miss N'irginia I,. Kader on Jan. 4, 
IMll. ami will reside in Freeport, III. 

F(k;i.i:. Willi.vm H. 
IIoLL.\.\D, .Milton B. 
I*i:tf.r.sox, Hobkrt C. 


Bahtislk. .Josti'ii F.. .M.E., who is an 
Instructor in Plant Trades at the West- 
ern Electric Co. Hawthorne Works, was 
the proud father of a son born .\ugust 
Ml. IMlJi. He has changed his address to 
TIN N. Pine .\venue. Chicago. 


1 Patent Examiner in the I'. -S. Patent 
( itlice. Washington. D. C, and is living 
at U2.-. Khodc Island .\ venue. N. W., 
W ashington, D. C. 

Cabroil. Kexxkth Frederic. .M.E.. who 
is now .\ssistant Process Engineer for 
1 inde .Vir Products Co., East Park Drive 
\ Woodward Ave., Tonawanda. N. Y., is 
residing at 1975 Delaware .Xve.. Buffalo, 
N. Y. 


structural Designer for the Solvay 
I'nM-ess Co.. Hopewell. Virginia. He has 
recently moved to 120 Lee Ave., Colonial 
1 bights, Petersburg, Va. 

Crappi.e. ,Iohx W.. M.E., started work- 
ing as Inspection Engineer for the Cni- 
xersal Casting Corp., 5821 W. (>(itb St., 
t hicago, on December 18, 1940. He i 
married on October 26, 1940, and lives at 
I!i3ij Quincy St., Chicago. 

Damiaxi. .Toiix H.. M.F... is a .lunior 
Instructor (Civilian) in the Engine Test- 
ing Branch of the .\riny .Mr Corps Tei'h- 
iiical School at Chanute Field. Rantoiil, 
Illinois. His home is also in Uantoul. 

t'lERBiB. NoRTox. Eng. Sc. is an Indus 
trial Engineer for the .\llied Radio Cor- 
poration, 833 West Jackson Blvd.. Chi- 
cago. His home address is still 807 Wa 
land .\ve., Chicago. 

GrxTHER, WrLBERT M.. F.P.E.. who has 
been an Inspector with the Ohio Inspec- 
tion Bureau in Dayton. Ohio, recently 
joined the Engineering Department of the 
Springfield Group of Fire Insurance Co 
in their Chicago office. Residence will be 
at 41.>1 N. Kedzie .\venue, Chicago. 

Kexuael, N.\t S.. C.E.. is the Civilian 
Engineer attached to the Quartermasters 
Corps supervising construction of the 
huge Chrysler tank plant in Detroit. 

Maxdelowitz. .\be. M.F... who is Junior 
Inspector of Engineering Materials. Navy 
Department (Office of Inspector of Naval 
.Material) 844 F^ree Press BIdg.. Detroit 
Mich., has chansed his address to 1283i 
l.aSalle Blvd.. Detroit. .Mich. 

Sri.i.NSKi. SiGMCxn J.. C.E.. is i 
einiiloyed by the Healy Subway Construe 
tion Corp.. 221 N. LaSalle St., Cliicag 
and lives at 3910 W. Barry .\ve., Chicago 

ZiEMAXx. -VuREn E.. E.E., who is 
Engineer G. E. X-Ray Corp.. 2012 W 
Jackson Blvd.. Chicago, has moved to 117( 
S. Wesley .\ve.. Oak Park. III. 

HoiTSMA. Jacob H. 
.Toiixsox. Bertil W. 
I.AXGE. Robert N. 
McGr.xth. Joseph K. 


.\rEM1S. F'.llWARD Wll.IIAM. F.P.F... Is SI 

lns|iector for fix- Western Factory Insur 
anee .\ssociation. A-Vl'-i Barium Tower 
Detroit. Mich., and resides at U2i;3 Hub 
bell. Detroit, Mich. 

CiiELCREX, William Jtnn. M.E., who i: 


ifiii Till Fori-man in tlie Rim Fire Aiiimu- 
ition Plant of the Remington Arms Co., 
nc, Bridgeport, Conn., has recently 
hangi-il his address to 2886 Nichols Ave- 
ue, Nichols, Conn. 
. Malmfelut, Carl S., M.E., was married 
n June 1, 1940, to Miss Lily Ahlstrom 
nd is now residing at 43S E. Slst St., 

MoxsoN, KoxALD, C.E., who is Drafts- 
lan in Hull Government Division, New- 
ort News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., 
101 Washington Ave., Newport News, 
'a., has moved to 400 Cherokee Rd., 
Hampton, Va. 

RoDKiN, David Bernard, M.E., who is 
unior Engineer, Navy Yard, Puget 

(ound, is now residing at 1148 Hewitt 
venue, Bremerton, Washington. 
Jerrv Daxek. ChE., was killed in an 
\plosion at the plant of Edwal Labora- 
M-ii-. Inc., February 11, 1941. He had 
rcii employed there for about eighteen 
lonths. During his four years at the 
istitiite Mr. Danek made a scholastic 
•cord well above the average. He was 
member of Alpha Chi Sigma and Phi 
ambda L'psilon. The Institute and the 
ilumni sympathize most deeply with bis 
pung widow. 

Close, II, R. G. 
Kreiman, Sidney S. 
Sellen, Charles E. 


Derrig, George J., M.E., is Assistant to 
echnical Director of the Buda Company, 
[arvey, Illinois. His work consists of 
impleting engine reports, special calcula- 
ons for particular engine application, 
id preparing materials for laboratorv 
ists. He resides at 1.53.5 Highland Ave- 
le, Chicago. 

Harkis. Charles W., C.E., who is Cost 
ccountant, Lee Bradlev Linoleum & 
ile Co., 2405 E. 1.5th, Kansas Citv, Mo., 
now residing at 3503 Morrell, Kansas 
ity. Missouri. 

Miller, Samuel P., M.E., is in the 
ngiiicering Dept. of the Consolidated 
irciaft Corp., San Diego, California. 
I'i:ti:h.son. Carroll V., Ch.E., is Chemi- 
1 I'.iiglneer. Metallurgical Dept., Car- 
7.'it- Illinois Steel Corp., Clairton, Pa., 
i<l is residing at 552 Halcomb Avenue, 
l.iirtdn. Pa. 

SwAxsoN, Edward R., F.P.E., who was 
1 Ins])ector for the Ohio Inspection 
iiri;iu. writes that on Jan. 8. 1941, ho 
ilKti-d in the U. S. Navy Air Corps. 
\'\N Alsrurg, Earl, M.E., who is a 
r.'iltsTiian for the Consolidated Aircraft 
'i|i,, l.indl)crg Field, San Diego, Calif.. 
■<s at 3711 India Street, San Dicffc 
ilif. He writes that Sam Miller -MK 
111 1 I onard Holmes '37, are also em- 
iiyid in this engineering department. 
Y(MM-,. Richard W., M.E., who is Engi 
IT. D.mly Machine Specialties, Inc., 210 1 
!iul St., Cicero, is residing at .521 S. 
iImhi Ave., Lombard, 111. 

D^vis. Robert Allen^. Ill 
I.iMiAiiL. John Carl 
I' VI 111, .\xTo.v Stanley 


Hvii.Ni:, Charles .1., Jr., E.E., is now a 
ivihipment Engineer for Jefferson Elec- 
!<■ Co., Bellwond, Illinois, and is residing 
"illl ,S, Cliiisti.uia Ave, Chicago. 

llnmnN, Willi Ml n., .\rch., is now 
"IiKliLiI DisiiiiiiT for Montgomerv 

ml Co.. 1)19 West Chicago Ave., Chi"- 

L'". ;ind resides at 74()1 North Ashland 
VCIIIH-, Chicago. 

tb.iisEx, George. C.E.. is Junior Stress 
iialyst for Glenn L. Martin Aircraft 

'. Middle River, Marvland. His home 

address is 3702 Grecnmoiiiit .\\e., Balti- 
more, Md. 

Pedersen, Arthlr Hall, C.E., who is 
Engineer, Glenn L. Martin Co., Baltimore, 
Md., was married on August 24, 1940, and 
is residing at 2900 Hillcrest Ave., Balti- 
more, Md. 

Wessels, Delano Eugene, Ch.E., who 
was with George Kock Sons, Evansville, 
Indiana, left January 18, 1941, for a year 
of training under the Selective Service 
Act. His address will be La Feria, 

SsiiTH, Roger K., F.P.E., reports a 
successful four month trip through Mexico 
and Central America covering some 4000 
miles with a canteen, a butterfly net, 
plenty of enthusiasm, and a motorcycle. 
Newspaper accounts of the journey indi- 
cate that Smith and his companion 
enjoyed many "unusual experiences" but 
were more than glad to be back home 
with a chance to rest. Smith is an 
Inspector with the Michigan Inspection 
Bureau and resides at 3214 Carter St., 
Detroit, Michigan. 








I 14-1 16 East Cermak Road 


CALumet 7230 
CALumet 5442 


Machine Products 

V Products 

made exact to speci- 

licstions. Capacity CONTRACT 

1 16" to 2H"- 


General 6}igimmn^ Porks 

4707^'^- Division Slnd ■■ Cnicafip 

Solders and Babbitts 



Calumet 4901 Res. So. Shore 5129 





2236-38 Calumet Ave. Chicago, III. 

Tuxedo Rental 

Phone Euclid 2959 







Student Rates 25% Discount 

Fittings made at the school two v.'eeks prior 

1047 S. Boulevard 

Oak Park 

Water Treatment 


Scale and Corrosion Control 




Aqueous Systems 

D. W. Haering & Co.. Inc. 

2308 S. Winchester Ave. 
Chicago, 111. Haymarkel 0246 


(From page 7) 
(il knowledge and human welfare 
tlinuijili fundamental research. 

"That these resources should be 
.•ipplied to the training of efficient 
personnel for industry . . . not only 
.IS undergraduates, but also on the 
highest scientific levels, through its 
(iraduate School. 

"That the resources of the Armour 
Research Foundation be applied to 
the provision of capable scientists 
and adequate equipment for the .solu- 
tion of industry's technical problems 
ill materials and processes. 

"That the great industrial region 
of which Chicago is the hub requires 
a 'technological center' of and for its 
own, equal to the best in the nation, 
.111(1 Illinois Institute of Tech- 
nology can and will become that 

While early tin.iiu'iiig activities will 
be centered l.argely in the Cliieago 
.ire.i. it is pl.iiined to provide timple 
opportunity for the .alumni to partici- 
|i.ite in this [jrogram before the close 
of the year, and developments in 
this connection will be announced in 
Liter issues of Tiik Ex(:ixi:ki! .vnd 

larch, 1941 


35 WEST 33RD STREET Imil.liim. Th,- |.rojfct tor IIk im liiu- is -.lii.Klf.l aj;aiiist liglitniiii; I 

(From Daae 121 proM iiK lit .iiiii (iivclopuiiiit iit tin iiii .ills (it an ovirhoad ground «m 

W'ltlii rill priici ss of counttT-gra\ itv I'ln transmission line conductor is 

models, and this iiutlmd has lurii usl'.I ,,,,.,,„,,. ,ii,. castinir of gray iron has alimiiiiiim cable, steel-rcinforccd. «i 

witil considerable siuct ss in i.inn.c ...ttract.d much 'and has a cross section area of .-CiCiOO ( ^ 

tion with turbines and valves. rca.hcd the stage of iiroduction in the The (dliimbus to Norfolk. Wins;, I 

The scope of work in the Light mechanized pilot plant. Other |)roi and Helden transmission line « 

Division is indieated by the broadest ects during the past year include in similar to the 11.5-K\' lines. eX( i 

me.iiiiii^- of the name. In its jiresent \ cstigatioiis in abrasion-resist.ant met- that the protector tubes are oniitli 

eiilarired (piarters this division now als, e.nitation erosion, be.aters. and the eoiidiii'tor has .an area of jr,! 

Ii.indles r,s<-.areli iinoKiiig optics, il- .ind foundry |iraeliees. .S{)() CM. 
lumiiiation. X-rays and .\ray <iirtrac- M:in\ of the projects pl.ic.-d in the The l.oiip Uiv.r I'ublii' Power Di 

tion speetro'i-raphv. .-ind virtually hands of thi .\r iir Kesi .ircli I'oiin iriet is iiiiiticd with the two other i;" 

every applicat'ion of pbotoirraiibv anil 'l'>ti"ii •"•e of such eonti.lential n.itiir,- eniment-finaiic.-d power projects 

photoirraiihic processes. I'.xperimdital *''•'' ""* '^ '" tl"''' Mibj.-ets can b.- Nebraska. The Central Nebrasl 

work'in this field marly .-ilw.-iys re- •iiinoiineed. .>^ times the .sponsoring Public Power and Irrigation Distri 

(iiiires speci.-il ixpensixe eiiiiipmeiit . eonceni .isks that the coinp.any ii.inic •■iiid the Platte \';dlcy Public Pnw 

and a;iti\ el v siniiile measure- '" l^'pt secret, for com])ctitivc re.a- and Irrigation District. This combin 

nient may call for apparatus .imimnt ■'""•^- '" "t'"'" '■■'■" "^ •' certain (lart tion is the ■'Nebraska Grid Systo, 

ill"- to several thous.ands of doll.ars in '"' <"■<" ■dl of the information g.iiiucl which is composed of the transmis^i. 

.■i"-"-rcirate value, .'^ucli e(iiiipincnt has '"■'} '"' emitribiited to the scientific lines of the three Districts. It 

.1 loiiii- life of ser\iee, howexer. Tin- literature, depending upon the wishes jointly oper.ited by ;i Ho.ard of Ma 

Pese.-irch Foiindatiim has assembled "f the spons,,r. It is recognized that ■m'-i-s whi<-h e(msists of the gener 

.an ever-iiicre;isin<;- .amount ol' optical tre(|nently the creation of new things man.agers of the Districts. P.y p.u 

apji.aratiis which, by the cxelusiini of tor the Ik tterinent of mankind c.iii be iug of revenues, tlie Loup Distru 

standard roiitini- testing work, is re- -ix. ii the necessary iini)etus only mitst.mding .-t^fl.-iCS.OOO in P.W. 

served for use by industry ill rese.ireli throiiijh competition, which implies bonds wire set up in a new finanei 

]irojeets. Notexvorthy .among recently eonfidential research. It ajipe.ars, .igr.eineiit xvith the Government. 'I' 

add.-d piee, s is ;i preeisi.m speetropho- t li.refor,. that in this way the .\r- lirst bonds come due in lOlG and pa 

toiiiet. r. one of the- tcxv iiist rimnnts ,,t i,,,,,,,. |{,..„..,,.,.|| Poundation best iiKiits .ire stepped up gradually f 

its kind in this part of the country. ^,.,.^,. -^^ fast -row iiii;- list of indiis- the next fiftv-nine years ; the final" p.i 

Ot the various l.ibor.itories ot the .,.■ , . -ii i ' i •' .Tr.,> ■ 

,.,,.... , . tries. inent will he due in 200L 

Liflht Division, till one ot H-rciti st ,,,, . -rv- . ■ . i i 

general interest is probablv tlie d.irk- .^ ''^' ^'°"1' ^'^*"^'t ^' ''"■" ^'" 

room. While not the onlx-nne of its LOUP RIVER ^^'"^ "'■" '> '^^''^ '^'^'^ ^^^ ^ ™""'l' 

kind, this is certainly a '■last wonl' f""" *'"' l^'^t three winter months a 

in liliotographic xvorkronnis. (From page 26) should have no difficulty in p.aying . 

enough to accommodati- oper- ti ansmission line from Lincoln to its oblig.atioii to the V. S. Goxer 

ators sinuiltaneoiislx . its benches .and Omali.i. and .i (ill K\ . (iO-eyelc, three- nieiit. It has received in grants 

cabinets are of xxliite . n.imeled steel phase t r.iiismission line from Colum- this time a total of $3,400,000. 

with stainhss ste, 1 workiii- siirla<-es. I'lis to Nin-folk, Winside and 15<lden : Heccntlv Mr. Phil Hockenbcru. 

The whit, walls atfoni inaximmn x is •"1.1 substations located at Lincoln. Armour Alumnus. 191.5, was eb-rt 

il.ility in the dim illmninatioii of safe- O.nalia bremont. Norfolk, Winside President of the Loup River Piib 

lights. Divided into two parts by a and Peldeii. p^^^.^.^ District, bv the Board of I 
partition, the room allows operations 'lie 1I.)-K\ transmission lims arc 

to be conducted ill li^ht and total biii It of -X ■ bra.vd - H ■-frame wood "''"""■"• 

darkness .at the s.aine time. W.ater to P"l<' type on t.ingents .-md small .angles 

all sinks is filtered .and .adjusted tlier- -'i"! the e Iiictcu-s .ire carried in HEALD AWARD 

mostaticallv to the dcsind temiur.i- hori/ c'oiifimir.ation, Kach struc- 
ture .111(1 "this temper.iture is read ture has .i double cross , inn with filler 1'^'°"' P^^* 
dircctlx on a thernnmieter eon blocks .'ind .■ittaehments for the siis of the consolidation of Armour Ins 
nected .above e.ich sink. Otliir built pi iisioii insulators. Tbi .ix . r.ige sp.iii tnte of Technology and Lewis Ins 
in features incliiiie .i sp.ieious < lectrie '^ """ lei t. The .iiiiile ind .and tute to form Illinois Institute of Te 
drying cabinet , -ind .1 till rmnst.itieb.ith str.iiii strnetnrcs .ir, sel f supporting nology. Let me explain that my o> 
to maintain jiroper teinperatnres in ■'t' el loxvirs. Doubh lireiiit steel p;irt in bringing .about this combin 
developing tanks and trays. Printing toxv. rs xven eonstriieted on the two tion x cry small indeed. Y 
and enlariiing is e(|uipped ii'.iles .id j.ieeiit to tin Lincoln siibst.i prob.ibly ,ill know that cducatioi 
with automatic timing controls. I'resh tion on the (oliimbiis Lincoln line. institutions .ire controlled by lioar 
;iir is circulated by f.aiis .ind duets. .\ The insnl.itors .in [lore. l.iin. l()"x of Trnste, s. consisting of public sp 
dark maze jiermits entr.inee to the ■"' ' i ' e,ip .iiid pin tyiie. On tin "II" ited citizins, serving without compe 
room without interruption of xxork in Iv.ime xxood structure s,xeii units .in s.ation. ,and devoting their ciiergies 
(irogrcss. .\ jihotour.ipher's used in suspension, and on slii I toxv their rcspci'tive institutiims solely 
the d.arkroom is (■■iiisl.intlx- beini; im ers ten units in strain .iiid nine units the public good. Tin' members 
proved to b.andle most eliicieiitly the in siispi iision for e.uli jiini|ier loop on I'olh this, Po.irds. .mil p.irticulai 
mass of record jihotogr.aphs. th, ste, I toxv, rs. xx h, r, |ioxver condiie- their res|Hetixe Chairm,-n. .Mr, .far 
plates, s])ectrograms. report illustr.i- tors ,ir,- il, .id , ml, ,1 in , .nil ilirection. O- .and Mr. .\lex Hail* 
tions and films occ.a- Protector tubis .ire monntid on e.icli in ihvcloping the |)lan for the merg 
sioned by the m.anv research iirojects. strnctiire by .a ib.inii, 1 iron support. "f Lexxis .and .\rmour, recognized t 
Uesearch in the Mct.illurgy Dixi on,- tub, f,ir ,-.icli leniliictor. e\c, pt r,sponsibilitics of their trusteeship 
sion expand, d rapidly with th,- for .ibout .i.OOO f, ,t .idj.iecnt to the an unusual degn-e. These two iivnt 
addition of tin- foundry siibst.itions xvlien th,- tr.insmission men .in n-.illy nsponsibh- for t 


ombinatioii aiul slioiilil liavt- tliu 
redit for it. TIrii too tin- coiisolida- 
ion presented some very knotty legal 
iroblera.s. and here again we were for- 
unate in having in the membershii) 
if our Boards two attorneys, Mr. 
oiiis S. Hardin ajid Mr. Henjaniin 
Vhani, wlio donated literally hnndreds 
f hours of \aiual)le time to liriiiii' the 
jfoeeediiigs to a suei'esstui coTiehi- 

Nor is tlie l>nil)Kiil of sueecssf iilly 
(insolid.itiiig two old. w,ll estahlishell 
lueational institutions one tliat is 
imited to the aetions of their Boards 
£ Trustees. Over 100,000 i)eople 
lave attended these two colleges in 
he last forty-seven years, and these 
ormer students stand in somewhat 
he same position as the jireferred 
tockholders of a business corporation. 
Vithout the acquiescence and su])port 
f most of this group, the merger 
roposal would have been doomed to 
allure. The faculties too liave an 

Iitiportant interest in a program of 
his kind, and liere again, cooi)eration 
ras the order of the day. In otiier 
rords, what I am trying to say is 
hat educational institutions are 
ighly sensitive organizations in which 
iiany groups and individuals Jjlay an 
.'ftremely important part, .ind cer- 
ainly no one individual laii jiossiblv 
ake tiic credit for an iducation;il 

Institutions of higher ediuation. 
rhether publicly or privately sup- 
JOrted, exist to render a service. Tiiis 
ervice in the case of our institution 
akes two closeh- related forms ; 

( 1 ) the training of young people 
or useful citizenship through prep- 
iration for particular tields of busi- 
less or professional activity, and 

'(-) the advancement of knowledge 
hrougll fundamental and ap])lied re- 

Both Armour and Lewis have 
crved youth, industry, and the com- 
iiunity in these ways for many years. 
Uinois Institute of Technology is 
low carrying on this service in a more 
ffective manner. Just a week ago, 
plan for the future development of 
his new institution was announced. 
^he completion of this plan will pro- 
ide Chicago with not only the l.-irgest 
chool of technology in America, but 
vith the best. It will render incal- 
rulabic service to the industries with- 
ut which Chicago cannot continue to 
;row and to j)rosper. It will insure 
|hc young people of this community 
n opportunity for unrxcellid ticli 
lological ciliicatioii. .nicl its contribu 
ions to r<'M .irili will pnn ide new in- 
nstriis .ind ]il,-K-e iiicre.-ised eom- 
orts of living witliin tin naeli of 
lore l)eol)le. 
"This is the kind ol .-in instil iitioii 

^arch, 1941 

I \isu.ili/t- .1^ growing tinm the mer- 
ger of Armour ami Lewis, and it is 
on behalf of this new center of tech- 
nology that I acce))t the honor whiili 
you have so gene rouslv bi^towi d 


(From page 28) 

next largest enrollments are at Pur- 
due, .31.87; City College, New York. 
3278; and Texas A. and M.. :J101. 
High graduate engineering enroll- 
ments are at Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, 333 master's. 122 doc- 
tor's; New York University. 318 
master's, 23 doctor's; Illinois Insti- 
tute of Technology, 328 master's, 13 
doctor's; Stevens, 337 masters. 

Engineering schools in the L'nited 
States conferred 11,3.58 and those in 
Canada 166 first degrees during the 
academic year 1939-1 9 fO, a total of 
12. .521-. In the same year these 
schools conferred 1326 master's de- 
grees (1318 in United .States) and 
108 doctor's degrees. 


(From page 32) 

He basked in perfect idleness. 

He'd talk to anyone in sight 

On any theme, however trite; 

Revolving every side of it. 

He'd chew and talk, and talk and 

spit ; 
A skilled elucidationist. 

The lUack Ihtitcrflu of Carl II. 
(irabo is both the title of his tine 
(.ollection. and that of one jioeni 
within the group of Hfty-seven. ]'>y 
the simple expedient of binding vari- 
ous selected poems between two cov- 
ers. Professor Grabo has produced an 
admirable addition to any lilirarv. 
Unlike The Cock of Heaven and 
Hilltop in Michir/an, these poems 
have no interrelation other than a 
singleness of basic style. This unity 
of style, however, is not the boresonie 
ty]ie that emanates from a set and 
prescribed form. It is r.itlier .in ever- 
present neatness, precision, and direct 
ness. \'ery pleasing, also, is the secure 
feeling that the author will never 
|)lunge beyond his depth, .ind soon 
will li.ive to muddh' his \\;i\ out witli 
^oln^ uiiwiehh- jilir.'ise. 

.\ i)hilosoj)her who has tvolved his 
own views on the subjects treated, tin- 
author has the good taste not to be 
the pedant with them. In general, the 
poems of this c-oUeetioi, ar.- too com 
|)act to allow tlie use of excerpts. 
However, two of the shorter, lighter 
ones will show that Professor (irabo 
stimulates the reader without loss ol' 
serenity. This is true whether he a]i 
peals primarily to the senses, as: 

Dwindling like stars the street 1mmi|is 

In marching columns, line on liiu-; 

.Swift borne by tail-winds from the 

The sky's aerial squadrons flee; 

\\'ith rush of wings and lightning flash 
I'hunder's emptied bomb-racks crash: 

While, on the pavement's dark terrain. 
I'liekers the musketry of rain. 

or. whether the burden of the lines 
is ])hilosophieal : 

These limbs which well served 
.Soon I shall put b\- : 
'I'liis heart, whi<li knew hss |o\e than 
Then will (|uiet lie. 

Should I be glad, or else lament 

The fact that this be so.- 
I'or whether life or death be Ixst 

The dead can never know. 

It is interesting to think u))on tin- 
dirterence found in these tlire<- eon 
tributions to modern poetry. .Mr. 
.Seymour departs noticeably from the 
others in his conscious use of uiqiol 
ished verse, wherever such verse 
would not fit situation or character. 
His nature is perhaps less that of the 
scholar, who finds the full life in a 
careful reworking of ideas. tin 
j)oets lived in olden days, we might 
picture Mr. Seymour as a traveling 
.artisan who composed his songs at the 
end of day. and played the minstrel 
as he ])assed from town to town. 
Professor Grabo might well have lived 
as head of the King's library. Hi-, 
late middle years were given to e.-isy 
w;inderings about the (ity. .-ind to 
i-lfortless writing grounded upon dee 
ades of stu<ly. Professor Olson might 
lia\f been tile earnest scholar who 
studied ))eople long enough to ascer 
t:iin their li.-diits. but whose j)rincipal 
love w.-is till- host of ancient volumes 
wherein he sought the .-mswers to his 
m;inv tiiK-stions. 



Some there may be who will buy 
just one coal because it has been 
"satisfactory." But the man who takes 
no chance of missing a better buy— 
who keeps a sharp eye on changing 
conditions— that man can find keen 
interest in the performance and cost 
record of S-P coal. 
Ample evidence of low cost in terms 
of generated steam is apparent in 
the hundreds of heating and power 
plants that prefer onlv this master 
refined fuel. The same wide and long 

► Shaft mined from both 5lh and (illi 
veins in the high quahlv southern 
Illinois (ield-and from 6th vein, ^_ 

crnlral Illinois district- l|y 

usage has established its ability to 
step up boiler capacities, smooth 
out maintenance troubles, cut down 
hour-losses in production time. 
Whether YOUR plant is hand or 
stoker fired — if you'd like concrete 
facts on the savings and efficiency 
of S-P coal, why not arrange now for 
a test of what it can do. Our engin- 
eering service includes all help you 
may need for an accurate cost study 
under your operating conditions. 

► Reduced one third in ash; raistul m 
B I u xalue and burning efficiency by 
Mwster refining and sizing under con- 
vtant laboratory control. 






To meet increasing requirennents use 
Polish one to six specimens simul- 
taneously. The uniform light pressure 
eliminates metal flow. This truly 
dustproof polishing operation saves 
time for the busy metallurgist. 

For extreme accuracy in flatness 
Graphite boundrles are kept In true 
dimensional proportions and non- 
metallic inclusions are preserved. 
These accessories are available for 


</fcUpAJ. ScuMa 


arch, 1941 









The Undergraduate Curriculum provides lor a four year program of day study leading 
to the degree of Bachelor ol Science in chemical, civil, electrical, mechanical and fire 
protection engineering in chemistry, physics and mathematics, and in architecture, 
The Graduate School, recently enlarged as to scope and facilities provides opportunity 
lor graduate students to obtain further specialized training in engineering and science 
'jnd to pursue work for the Master's and Doctor's degrees The Cooperative Program. 
as a supplement to the regular undergraduate instruction in mechanical engineering 
provides an opportunity for students of limited financial means to complete, under the 
live year Cooperative course, the regular four year mechanical engineering program- 
Evening Sessions. Many of the subjects taught during the day are offered in evening 
classes It is also possible to complete by evening study the v/ork for the degree of 
Bachelor ol Science in civil, chemical, electrical and mechanical engineering. Special 
courses ore offered for students and men in industry not interested in degrees; and it 
u: possible, in many cases, to complete graduate work for the Master's degree by 
evening study. 


The curriculum provides tor study leading to tiic Baclielor of Science degree in t.He 
arts and sciences with courses in biology, business administration, chemistry, education, 
English, history, home economics mathematics, physics, political science, psychology 
and sociology. The courses in Home Economics meet the needs of four groups ol stu- 
dents; Those who wish to study the arts and sciences fundamental to the management 
of the home; those who wish to become teachers; those who wish to prepare them- 
selves lor vocations other than teaching; those who may wish to include in general 
college work courses having to do with the home and its relation to the community 
In the department of Business and Economics, instruction is given in accounting, audit- 
ing money and banking production monaqement marketing advertising, business 
law statistics and taxation Pre-Professional Courses receive special attention. Courses 
in Education amply meet the requirements lor an Illinois high-school teachers certili- 
cate. Evening Sessions. Evening instruction in the arts and sciences, including pre- 
prolessional courses, special courses for teachers and courses of general interest ore 
offered on the Lewis campus. It is possible to complete, by evening study, work lor 
the degree ol Bachelor of Science in the arts and sciences, business administration 
and home economics In general, a varied program ol engineering subjects for degree 
and sequence work is also available on the Lewis campus. 


A professional service to industry lor experimental engineering, research and develop- 

H)H H( I.LETiyS Ol THE /,V.S7/7( IE, (/>/i/>'/ >>l 

(>eneral Infurmutioii 
Evening Session- 
r, r:iilii,Tti- Cnnr-r- 

IHE KE(,l>n{tH 

inois Institute of Teclinolo);y 
VM)2 Federal Street 

(111, hi;,,. lllin„i- 





„H6 60»'""- 


^il/'/^/^ ^Z7Z//^ BEARINGS 

Manufacturers of TIMKEN Tapered Roller Beanngs 
Tor aufomobiles, motor truch, railroad cars and 
locomotives and all kinds of industrial machinery: 
TIMKEN Alloy Steels and Carbon and Alloy Seam- 
less Tubing; and TIMKEN Rock Bits. 

. . . for ( 'lit'shTfit'lds arc made lor >mi)k( is like 
xoiirxlt. w itii llif llin-o iinportaiil lliiiiii> \(iu want in a 
<ijiarcltr... \IIII)M:ss. HITTER TASTE and COOI.I.K SMOKIM.. 
(JlicsU'iliclds rijilit coinliiiialioii of [he worldV Ih'^I iij:a- 
n-llc loliarcos has ><> many lliin;j;s a siimkcr likes. .. ///«f 
('.licslci licld is jitst luiliiKilly ((tiled lite sni(?hrr's eiiiarelle. 

0>pvnf;hi 1911. Lic.r.irr & M^FRs Tobacco Co. 



j ' ^^V ^*; '^ 


""^iS^I ^ 

— — '' "" - , - »-,3Bi 


r^^ • '^^ H '^P^^ 

HIVS^^^^^' '^HfllHiV^^^^ 

^^^ja||g|flLi4 Hi^^^^ 

r^U.-- -i^ 


■^- ^mm 




MAY, 1941 

^TEAItlTK is II sloirir ariil /)riiiliircil /iv llic srlrrll^r liydro^eiidtion pnirrss. By this jiroccss it is 
k^ pnssihir to rontrol tlie ratio of tlic \(irioiis folly iirlils /irrsciil so lliiil rorli lot lios ii iiniforiiiity 
tinohloiniii>lr in nllirr lyprs of stearic arid. I roiii lliv hii^iiiiiiii'j:. this factor lias iiiijircsscil users so 
fn\'orahly tlint Sicnrite is in coiistanlly increasing ilrnianil. Itecenlly additional grades tunc lieeri 
de\eli>ped afferinf; hi<;ber melting points and lower iodine nninhers, witli the result that the uses h(i\e 
been still further increased. Manufacturers in the process iniliislries. in 
the riiliher, plastics, chemical ami other industries, are iii\'ited to write 
to )) ishuick-'l'unipeer re<!ardiii<s the niiiiiy applications of the Slcoritcs. 

.^^ A/ IM I- K /( /(f.KS l\l> LM'IIKItKS 

<^W|Tr^,V) ^'" '>•"''' -''■'' '"'"' ^"•- * ll"-l"". HI Mill- -I • I li'.M'^". Irlli.Mi.- r,.«,r • CI,->fL,ii,l, 616 Si. 

^^1^ 4>y <:li"r A>.-.. N. K. • D.iIIj,-, I.„,.. 1,1(1 1>.,II.,. N.,ii I lU.iiL lluiUliiii; • W n.'.. Mli : Wile, Uil V Cos 

X^ Cuni|.iiiiy •■llicri,,».-.T A.|.h;,li i|,i,i,x . I>„iil„,ii,ll,' C^.rl l'. |.„ii> • l'.,r.-i^n Uiricc, London, ling. 


6'B(/ami?us A/ews 

/UNGiE /fV£ 

MISSIONARIES working among a newh- 
discovered tribe of savages in Netherlands 
New Guinea, wliich has many times been called 
one ot the "earth's remotest spots," had a strange 

They invited natives into their bamboo hut 
and turned on their short-wave radio. The tribes- 
men looked at one another in frightened amaze- 
ment. Rev. C. Russell Deibler, one of the mission- 
aries, says this of what happened: "As thev heard 
voices coming from the receiver, the> crouched 
over close and jabbered back, utterly bewildered 
where the strange voice was coming from." 

The missionaries wrote their experience in a 
letter to Station KGEI, G.E.'s short-wave station 
in San Francisco, which sends its radio signal in- 
to Asia, using special directional antennas. 



HREE tiny looo-watt mercury lamps, 
mounted in the new television Hoodlight de- 

veloped b) G-E laboratory engineers, yield as 
much light as 225 ordinary 60-watt bulbs. For 
the same amount ot illumination these powerful 
little lights produce only one-fourth as much heat 
as do incandescent lamps. Water cooling dissipates 
much of the heat and so makes possible the verv 
small size. 

The new lights are equipped with motors and 
gears for remote control, so that they can f illow 
the movements of studio performers. 

These tiny lamps were developed at G.E.'s 
Lamp Department at Nela Park, Cleveland, which 
each year selects promising young engineering- 
college graduates from "Test" to train them in 
the lighting game. 



OULD you spot-weld wire one quarter as 
thick as a human hair.' 

That's the problem G-E engineers faced in 
producing filaments for thermocouples, those little 
super-sensitive devices used in measuring high- 
frequency alternating currents or voltages. These 
dainty filaments are i '2000 of an inch in diameter 
-so small that they are almost invisible — and 
have to be welded into a "K" shape. 

The work is so tine that it must be done under a 
microscope, using a pair of tweezers to hold 
the wires. 

Ar Schenectady there's a whole section of the 
(i-E Industrial Department devoted entirely to 
\\elding. Practically all the men in this section 
are graduates of the Ci-K Test Course. General 
Klectric Company, Schenectady, X. \ . 


May, 1941 

Vvoncrete opens interesting possibilities in the 
way of surfaces, textures, treatment of detail. 

Right there is the tip-off on an advantage unique 
with concrete — design flexibility. In addition, fire- 
safety, long life and low maintenance are inherent 
in this enduring material. And concrete effects 
substantial savings by permitting walls to be cast 
integrally with frame and floors. 

"The NEW Beauty in Walls oj Architectural Con- 

crete" (free in the U. S. and Canada), illustrates 
typical concrete surface textures,interesting details 
and complete buildings.Write for your copy today. 

• 1 he Lcnux for Boys at Lenox. Mass., is of reintu 
nstruction throughout. McKim. Mead & While of Nt 

York were 

the architects: Pcasleu & Wheeler of Hampden, Mass., the contractors 


Dept. D5-4, 33 W. Grand Ave., Chicago, III. 
A national organization to improve and extend the uses of con- 
crete . . . through scientific research and engineering field work. 



Henry P. Dut+on is Professor of Busine;5 
Management; Chairman. Social Science 
Department; and Dean. Evening Division. 

Ot+o W. Hansen has been Engineer of Bridge 
Maintenance for the City of Chicago since 
1928. Previously he was Engineer of Bridae ' 
Design for the City of Milwaukee, and 
Bridge Designing Engineer for Chicago, 
entering the service in 1913. Mr. Hansen's 
college work was done in the architectural 
engineering department at the Universit') 
of Illinois, at George Washington Univer- 
sity, and at Lewis Institute. 

George A. Kelly is a graduate of the Uni 
versity of Michigan, with the degree of 
LL.B. He Is a member of the Illinois bar 
and practiced with the firm of Winston 
Payne, Strawn and Shaw from 1908 to 1920. 
In June of the latter year he became Gen- 
eral Solicitor for The Pullman Company; 
s^nce June, 1934. he has been Vice-Presi- 

Leonard J. Lease is Industrial Co-ordlnator in 
the Department of Mechanical Engineering. 

S. A. Nock is Vice-President of Kansas State 
College. He received his B.A. degree at 
Haverford College, his M.A. at Carleton 
and his Ph.D. at the University of Tartu, 
Estonia. His major research has been in 
Milton. Doctor Nock is noted as a re- 
viewer and contributor to many magazines 
and scholarly journals. 

Raymond E. Or+on, Chief Engineer, Acn-e 
Steel Company, is an Armour graduate in 
the Class of 1928. He is the author of 
many authoritative articles on photoelastlc 
analysis and other subjects relating to ma- 
chine design. More extended notice ap- 
pears in the alumni section of the Marrh 
1941. Issue. ' ■ 

Alexander Schreiber Is Public Relations Offi- 
er of Illinois Institute of Technology. 

Kanardy L. Taylor received his A.B. degree 
at Eureka College, and the degree of B L S 
at the University of Illinois. He has been 
engaged In library work for twelve years. 
In 1934 he assisted In a survey of libraries 
In Illinois outside of Chicago. In the same 
year he was employed by the John Crerar 
Library as a cataloguer, and has served 
successfully as Assistant Reference Libra- 
rian and Reference Librarian. Mr. Taylor 
Is now Chief of Public Service and per- 
sonal representative of the Librarian. He 
is the compiler of several bibliographies 
in the reference series published by the 
John Crerar Library. 








By R. E. Orton ' g 

THE STORY OF PULLMAN, By George A. Kelly 14 

CHICAGO'S BRIDGES, By Otto W. Hansen 19 

BEHIND DEFENSE, By Kanardy L. Taylor 24 






ILLINOIS TECH RELAY GAMES, By Alexander Schreiber 34 






FROM YEAR TO YEAR, By A. H. Jens, '31 42 

J. B. FINNEGAN, Editor-in-Chief 
A. H. JENS, Alumni Editor 

Student Editors 
George Cooper Norman Leitch 
B. H. Hooper Edward Martinaitis 
Arnold Jirasek Alan Mathieson 
Louis Wengel 

GRANT McCOLLEY, Associate Editor 
LEE C. HIGGINS, Business Manager 

Student Assistants, Business Staff 
Robert Bechtolt T. Harnach 
Gordon Brown D. Keigher 

E. J. Colant 
W. J. Dres 
M. W. Fitch 
B. E. Flood 

R. E. Kubitr 
Charles Rowbotham 
R. W. Smith 
Richard Van VIeet 

Published In October, December, March, and May. Subscription rate $1.50 per year. Editorial and Business Office 
Engineering of Illinois Institute of Technology. 3300 Federal Street. Chicago. Illinois. 

ege of 

May, 1941 



l'nriii;il .1 


1 ta 

kill hv 

\w 15o 


of Trustcts 



illni^ In 






iiiniial 1 



Cliicaaio on 



y. A|)ri 

1 K 


resulttil in 



proval ( 

f nvi 


plans for tl 

(• I 


plias.- . 

f th.- 


stitutc's (1( 



nt pn.i 



creasing' tin 



liatc liii 



jtctivis to 






with a i-orri 


i; incrca 

sf in con 

striictioii (■( 



in S 1 .•_' 



SI ..■)()(), (II Id. 

Plans for the ilc\ clopiiimt's ciir- l>uildiii<r has hccn increased to ^'.i'.i'l 

rent phase, as orifiinally outlined hv 000, and a third project, the erection 

the jiolicy committee of the Board, of a Mechanical Ensjineering I.ahora- 

of which Wilfred Sykes. assistant to tory unit, at a cost of .$150,000. has 

the president of Inland Steel, is heen included in this year's financins 

ehairnian, involved two projects — a |)ro<jram. 

Metallurgical Ennjineerini; Buildinj; The urijency of demands for i 

to cost, equipped. -t^oO.OOO. and the jianded quarters for Mechanical Kn- 

I.ihrary and Humanities units, with gineerinij has heeoine such that 

an estimated cost of -i^l .018.000. Hy deferment of this laboratory project 

the Hoard's latest action, the hiuliret would seriously impede essential 

fi;r the Metalliiriiieal Kniiiineriiii; [iroirress in tin- work of this depart- 

Photo of a Model of the New Cannpus. Sfate Street Is at Lower 
Edge. Thirty-Third Street Crosses the Model Near the Center. 


ment, the Trustees were told b^- Mr. 
Sykes and James D. Cunningham, 
chairman of the Board. 

Simultaneous with approval of this 
revision in the original recommenda- 
tion of the policy committee, the 
Board authorized immediate prosecu- 
tion of an appeal for the funds re- 
quired for this construction as well 
as for the addition of approximately 
.^ijOOOjOOO to general endowment — or 
the assurance by other means of an- 
nual income sources totaling $150,000, 
which would represent the equivalent 
of estimated yield on that amount if 
invested at the average rate of return 
from existing endowment funds. 

Pursuant to this authority, Mr. 
Sykes has announced that plans will 
be made to launch such an appeal in 
the Chicago area during :\Iay. In the 
meantime, plans for the organization 
of alumni interest and support in the 
program, and for a definite approach 
to friends of education and of techno- 
logical training elsewhere will also be 

Perspective and floor plans for the 
Metallurgical Engineering Building 
have been completed bv Ludwig Mie's 
van der Rohe, director of the' archi- 
tectural curriculum of the Institute, 
and are reproduced on these pages. 

In preparation for the fund-raising 
effort, the Institute's development of" 
fice has prepared a 24-page brochure 
descriptive of the program. Bound in 
red covers, the brochure, "This Is Our 
Job," is strikingly illustrated with 
photographs of classroom and labora- 
tory activities, and sets forth the 
urgency of this great technological 
center development in the Mid-West 
in a concise but convincing manner. 
This publication will be placed in the 
hands of all prospects for gifts dur- 
ing the current phase of the appeal. 

Similarly, as an educational pre- 
lude to the solicitation, the special 
committee of sponsors for small group 
meetings of industrial and civic lead- 
ers in the Chicago area, under the 
chairmanship of Thomas Drever, 
president of American Steel Foun- 
dries, has been proceeding with its 
program. As this article is being 
written, eighteen such meetings have 
been held, with a total attendance of 
iol guests, who have listened to a 
comprehensive description of the In- 
stitute's plans from President Heald, 
Mr. Sykes, Mr. Cunningham, Profes 
sor John J. Sehommer and others. 

Mr. Sykes has also announced that 
Raymond J. Koch, president of the 
Felt and Tarrant Manufacturing Com- 
pany, has accepted the chairmanship 
of a special committee which will un- 
dertake the responsibility for carry- 
ing the appeal to a selected list of 

prospects for larger contributions 
toward support of the program. 

Other divisions of the campaign 
organization in the Chicago area in- 
clude a special gifts group, a division 
to handle the general canvass, a pub- 
licity committee and a speakers' bu- 
reau. John M. Rodger, vice president 
of McGraw-Hill Publishing Com- 
pany, is chairman of the publicity 
committee. Chairmen of the other di- 
visions will be announced at an early 
date, according to Mr. Svkes. 

\'olunteer personnel enlisted in 
these divisions will total approxi- 
mately 1,000, and through them a 
direct personal approach will be made 
to a list of about 10,000 individual 

The 194'1 phase of the development 
is the first in a continuing program 
which, present estimates reveal, in- 
volves building and income objectives 
amounting to a minimum of $3,000,- 
000 for construction and equipment, 
together with an addition of some 
$9,000,000 to endowment, or the as- 
surance of additional annual income 
equal to the prospective return upon 
such an invested amount. 

Other building projects included in 
this continuing program over the next 
few years are : 

A Civil Engineering and Materials 

A Chemical Engineering and Chem- 
istry Building 

An Electrical Engineering and 
Physics Building 
A Student Union 

A Physical Education Building and 
A Power Plant. 

Emphasis upon the necessity for 
this development at the center of Clii- 
cago's vast regional concentration of 
industrial enterprise was recenth' em- 
phasized by President Heald in an 
address before the Chicago Rotary 
Club, where he discussed the subject, 
"Technology and National Defense," 
in his capacity as regional advisor for 
engineering defense training. 

Under existing conditions, Mr. 
Heald j)ointed out, the demands of 
American industrj- call for the addi- 
tion of at least 50,000 graduate engi- 
neers to the existing supply by the 
close of the j'car, whereas all of the 
nation's engineering schools will grad- 
uate at the most but slightly over 
12,000. For normal replacements in 
the Ciiicago area alone, he added, 
1,250 new engineers are required, and 
with existing abnormal demands for 
additional technological personnel, 
that total may well be doubled at this 

Turning to the technological school 
in relation to the present problem, Mr. 
Heald said : 

"It strikes me that too much em- 

phasis has been placed on a definition 
of education as a process of prepara- 
tion for what has been called 'life,' 
rather than the development of any 
degree of vocational competence. The 
public has been susceptible to most 
any pattern, more or less traditional 
in nature, of an extended educational 
program. It has believed that the 
greatest single factor making for indi- 
vidual security is education. Unfor- 
tunately, the experiences of millions 
of Americans, including a large per- 
centage of youth, during the last ten 
years have not borne out this belief. 
Many who had this educational ex- 
perience discovered that it has ques- 
tionable connection with personal se- 
curity. Now it would appear that 
emphasis is shifting from merely ex- 
tended education to education which 
is functionally related to an under- 
standing of occupational life and com- 

"The technologically trained man 
for years has been regarded as a 
pretty good person to have around 
when needed. He was welcomed 
when there was a bridge to be built 
or a machine to be designed, much in 
the same manner that one welcomes a 
plumber when the bathroom pipes 
have sprung a leak. On the other 
hand, the man who equipped himself 
with nothing more than a general edu- 
cation has managed to win recogni- 
tion for himself as 'good company,' at 

"However, this casual indifference 
toward the engineer has changed, al- 
most overnight, it seems to me, into 
an intense interest. Americans have 
suddenly been awakened to the fact 
that our urgently-needed develop- 
ment of material resources is de- 
pendent upon our technologically 
trained human resources. . . . 

"In connection with defense many 
people have been talking about the 
value of general education and cul- 
tural attainments as builders of 
morale. There can be no doubt tliat 
education, in every real sense to 
which that term can be applied, is an 
aid to the creation and maintenance of 
morale, just as ignorance tends to- 
wards its destruction. At the same 
time I cannot but feel that, for myself 
at least, it would prove a great morale 
booster to know that our country has 
an adequate s u p ]) 1 y of engineers, 
scientists, production experts and 
skilled workmen, api>lying themselves, 
in industry and in government to the 
task of providing our forces witli the 
best fighting tools that can be pro- 
duced anywhere in the world." 

EDITOR'S NOTE- Alumni desiring copies <l 
•This Is Our Job," m.iy obtain tame by writing 
t.i Tin- Dcvelopmint Office. Illinois Institute of 
TcchnoloRv, :» W. Monroe St.. Chicago, III. 

May, 1941 


Perspective (Above) 
Metallurgical Enginee 



>r Plans (Below) 

1 UPPER PiRT or 

I fl ll fl 




May, 1941 



,;,,/„■ ,s7,v/ (,>. 

( huaijii 

Tllr pIlclto-Llslic lllrtl.od (if 

.inalysis is luiw av.iil.ihlc to tlu' (icsiiiii 
fiif;iii<<'"- Siniplificatioii in ai)paratiis 
and in tin- ticliniqui- of niodtl iiiakinii- 
has rcducfd tlic cost to coniinercial 
levels. The applieatioii has lieen e\ 
tended beyond the general analysis ol 
fillets, notches, and other "stnss eon 
centrations," to tile desiiiii of specific 
parts. Tiic purpose of tiiis paper is 
to brinj; to the attention of the nader 
the possibility of the ajiplication ol 
photoelastic analy.sis to his dcsii;ii 
work, rather than to give :i eoniprc 
hensive discussion of theory and ))rae 




ul' tlir Land 
in I'in. 1 IS 

tice. This latter 
covered by the writi 
series of articles.' 

The jaw and puncl 
sealing tool illustrate( 
typical of the parts to which this 
method of stress analysis is .■ipplic 
abh-. This tool is used to Join tin 
entls of steel strapping-band, ;is shown 
in the middle portion of the picturi . 
On the right is a band with seal in 
|)lace and on the left the seal has Ik ( n 
closed by the tool. In o|)erati(ni llir 
Jaw members force the seal .ind band 
up against the punch niiinbri-s. Tlir 
direction, location, and \.iln( ol tin 
forces on these punch .and jaw mini 
bers may be determined by elenn iitary 
considerations of niechanii's. Ilowivcr. 
neither by methods of 
analysis nor by the theory of ( 
tieity can even .i .approxi 
niation be made of the slnsscs sit np 
by these loads. .Sinii tin s( p.irts l.iil 
by fatigue it is not praitical to di 

'.\l.\lin.\K DI-.SIC.V. M.iich 

JmIv. \'j 

FIG. I — Band-sealing tool with 
sealed and unsealed joint. Cover 
plate and one jaw have been re- 
moved from tool on right to show 

Ici-niinc llie sietiiui by trying out ■.\ 
few experimental tools. .Vs a result 
these devices were tooled up and in 
the field for almost a year before it 
was definitely known that they weri 
s.itisfactory. Even then, if some 
<hange were made in the band or si .il 
stock which would increase the 
no definite f.iilure ])rediction eonld 
be made. This frequently led to 
costly and disastrous results. Tin 

.'ipplle.'itioii III pliotiiel.'istic analysis 
has solved this |)roblein. Over five 
tools of this type have since been de 
veloped and placed in the field with 
no failure experience whatever. More- 
i)\er, failures in a number of old tools 
lia\e been eliminated. 

Typical of aiiotlu r .ipplic.ition is 
the curved link shown with its niodtd 
in Fig. 2. together with its photo 
il:istie jiicture in Fig. .'i. While a fair 




FIG. 2 (Left)— Curved link with its 
model. Pho+oelas+Ic picture pro- 
duced by the loaded model Is 
shown in Fig. 3 (Above). 

approximation of tlie stress in this 
piece may be obtained by the theory 
of elasticitj', tlie computations are 
quite tedious and time consuming. In 
addition tliere is always the possibility 
of an error in Ions'' computations of 
this nature. Photoelastic analysis is 
a simpltr and easier metliod of deter- 
niinino; the stresses. 

Three- dimensional piiotoelastic 
stress analysis is still in the laboratory 
stage. The commercial application is 
therefore limited to plane stress. It 
.should be ))ointed out in this connec- 
tion that many cases of three-dimen- 
sional stress may be reduced to plane 
stress, with a superimposed third 
stress whose effect may be separately 
considered. O. J. Horger of the Tim- 
ken Bearing Company has made ex- 
cellent use of this in his anah'sis of 
the effect of press fits on the stresses 
in railroad axles. - 

.Since essentially [jhutoelastic .ui' 
ajysis is an experimental a|)plication 
of the theory of el;isticity. a brief in- 
troiiuetioii to the theory will be given. 

l-'lastii- tluiiry is Ixiilt up on two 
basic assumptions. I'irst.- -there can- 
not be an abrupt change in stress be- 
tween two adjacent points; and sec- 
ond, — there likewise cannot be an 
abrujjt change in the strain. The stress 
distribution in a perfectly elastic ma- 
terial, that is. one in which Hooke's 
Law is completely satisfied, is built 
up on tliesc two assumptions with 
matiieniatical exactness. Tiiis means 
tiiat the conventional methods of 
strength of materials, if at variance 
with elastic theory, are incorrect. It 
will surprise many to realize that the 
general theory of beams is based on 
such assumptions as, — "experience 
teaches that when a beam deflects . . . 
•any two parallel vertical straight lines 
drawn on the beam before flexure rc- 

iiiaiii straiiiht after flexure..."' From 
this is drawn tile conclusion of tiie 
line.ii distribution of the bending 
stresses. It so happens that this as- 
sumption is sufticienth- close to the 
I'orrect one to satisfy design require- 
ments in the usual case. However, if 
the member is curved, unusually short, 
or has any other departure from a 
straight, relatively long beam, this 
assumption mav be widely in error. 
^^ bile mathematical theory will fur- 
nish the correct solution for many shapes, it becomes impractical 
nil .111 irregular outline. In tiiis field 
|}ropirly belongs the experimental 
method of j)hotoelastic analysis. 

There are two other essential points 
to be obtained from clastic theory in 
order to understand the photoelastic 
method. The first of these is the vari- 
ation of stress with change in the 
direction of tiie plane upon whicii tin 
stress is being considered. 

l"ig. t illustrates the general ease 
of stress on an elemental prism ori- 
ented par.allel to the X and Y axes. 
There are two normal stresses Ss and 
.S,, and two shear stresses. Since the 
shear stresses are eqaal in value, 
although ojjposite in direction of rota- 
tion, then' are but three stresses to 
cv.iluatc. Rotation of tlie elemental 
prism changes the values of these 


crrimans MECH.'lXlC.S OF MATERr.ALS. 
■nth Kdilion, P.lgi fls. 

May, 1941 

FIG. 4 — General case of plane 
stress on an elennen+al prism. 

Friction load on Normal load on 

ihefaceofthe the face of the 

FIG. 5 — General condition of 
loading and stress on an elemental 
prism having one face In the 

str.-ssi-s. li.u-.irclirs.s of tiic initial 
\aliics. twi> niutiially jHrpiiidii'ular 
liircctioiis will always he found wlicrr 
the shear stress will vanish. 'riusc 
positions of the prism ari- tirniid the 
" directions." The normal 
stresses, whieh are tiie same for both 
positions, .are termed the "principal 
stresses." The principal stresses will 
he the maximum and minimum 
stress for any direction. 

The j)hotoelastic ^jicture is com 
monly spoken of as a stress (jattern. 
.\(tnally tin- photoelastic fringes .show 
the dill'erenee in the (jrincipal stresses, 
r.ither than the .actual stresses them 
selves. Thir( .in .i numlier of experi- 
mental -.iUi] m.atheniatical metliods for 
determining; the sum of the )) 
stressis. With the sum and the difTer 
i-nci- th( stresses themselves may he 
determined. However, the use of .any 
one of thist- methods entails an ex- 

Fi Iter and Condensinq Lens 
Mercury Vapor Lamp 

Quarter Wave Plates 


Projectinq Lens A 

FIG. 6 — Polarlscope with component parts Indicated. 

Iirnditure of tinir .-uhI energy that is 
not .■i\ailable for eonnuercial work. 
I'ortnnately. knowledge of the stresses 
within the body is not necessary to 
(leterniine the strength of a part. I'or 
ninny reasons the stress at the hoiiii 
d.iry is all that is required. In the 
usual conventional analysis all that is 
ever found is the boundary stress. 
From consideration of the "hoiind.ary 
conditions," the second point to be 
obtained from elastic theory, the sur- 
fiee stresses may easily be found 

The stresses at the surf.iee of .in 
elastic body must balance the .ipplied 
forces. The condition of an clenuntal 
prism with one face in the bound.iry 
is shown in Fig. .5. Mathematieally 
the bonnd.ary condition st.ites that the stress to the 
bound.iry (((iials the load ap- 
pliiil to the boundary, and that the stress parallel to the boundary 
e<|ii,ils the a))j)lied shear Obvi- 
ously the above must be true or the 
prism would not be in a state of 
<(|nilibriuni. The normal stress par- 
.illel to the bound.'irv ni.iv h.ive ;inv 

.\t .1 point on .a free boundary, that 
is. one to whieh no is api)lii'd, 
tluri- is no lo.ail .and therefore 
no she.-ir stress. The ilirre 
lions then .-ire )i.' lei .iiul prrpeii to the boiiiid.irv . .\loreov.r. 
siiiee there is no the per ]) stress is ei| to 
Zero. Therefore the only priiiei)i,il 
stress is the one parallel to the boiiii 

(l.iry. The dirterenee in the principal 
stresses, then, is equal to the parallel 
stress. Therefore the photoelastic 
method determines the stress at any 
point on a free boundary. The stresses 
.it a point on a loaded boundary may 
be determined by consideration of the 
relationship between the principal 
stresses and the stresses in any other 

The o])tieal fringe pattern is ob- 
tained by passing polarized light 
through a transparent plastic model 
of the part to be analyzed. I'ig. G is 
•an illustration of apparatus suitable 
for commercial work. The names of 
the various jiarts are shown. Essen 
ti.illy the phenomenon is one of o))tie,il 
interference. Putting it in untechnieal 
language, the light ray at any p.artic- 
ular point in the model is split into 
two components which are then ori- 
ented so that one lies along one prin- 
ei|)al stress and the other lies in the 
other. If one of the stresses is ten- 
sion that ray component is speeded up 
])roportionally to the value of the ten- 
sion. If it is compression it is slowed 
down proportionally. One ray coni- 
poiunt will then emerge from the 
model ahead of the otiier by an 
amount which is proportional to the 
.•ilgebr.aic difference of the principal 
stressis, and to the length of the path 
tr.iversed through the model. These 
two components are then brought to- 
gether and iirojectcd on a screen by 
me.ans of the lenses shown in Fig. fi. 
'I'hc apjiaratus is so arranged that it 
normallv brings the components to- 


FIG. 7 — Simple beam stressed by concentrated load 
applied with music wire. This is excellent check on 
accuracy of photoelastic work. 

gctlu-r exactly liiilt a wave lenntli out 
of position. That is, if the stress dif- 
ference is zero the wave components 
will completely interfere with each 
other, producing darkness at that 
point on the screen. If the stress 
difference is such that the split waves 
are moved a wave length out of posi- 
tion the light will again be completely 
destroyed. For any intermediate stress 
difference light of varying intensity 
will be produced. If the stress dif- 
ference is such that the ray compo- 
nents are a half wave-length out of 
position, maximum light will be pro- 
duced. Thus each fringe indicates 
some integral wave-length displace- 
ment, and therefore a definite step in 
the value of tlie jirincipal stress dif- 

The stress difference required to 
produce one wave-length displace- 
ment of the ray components may be 
determined by loading a simple ten- 
sion specimen. In such case the prin- 
cipal directions are parallel and per- 
pendicular to the loading direction, 
and the perpendicular principal stress 
is zero. The value of the other prin- 
cipal stress is equal to the model load 
divided by its area. The calibration 
value per fringe is then obtained by 
dividing by the number of fringes 
that apj)ear in the loading. 

I'ig. 7 is .-i photoelastic picture of 
the middle portion of a simple beam 
under a single concentrated load. The 
vertical dark band at the center is 
from tile loading wire. The zero 
jxiint is determined by observation of 
the development of the picture on the 
screen as the load is applied. A "zero 
point" is a point of zero stress-differ- 
ence and not of zero stress. Sufficient 
other control points are determined in 
this waj' to permit writing in all other 
fringe values, as has lieen done on 
this ])hoto. Knowing the value for 
each fringe from the calibration it is 
})ossible to obtain the stress difference 
at any point from the fringe number. 
From the boundary condition the 
stresses along the bounilary are then 
easily calculated. 

The above determines the stress in 
tile model. The question may now be 
raised as to whether this is the same 
as the stress in a ))art of some other 
material. Within certain limitations, 
generally of little or no importance, 
it is. Therefore the stress in a mein- 
lur being analyzed with a full size 
model is equal to the model stress 

multi])lied by the ratio of the actual 
load to the model load. If it is a 
scale model it is necessary to first 
convert to an imaginary full size 
model by nudtiplying the loads on the 
actual model by the reciprocal of the 
scale. By a little simple arithmetic 
the quantitative determination of an 
.letual piece part may be made. 

Model material as received is cut 
across its face similarly to a disc cut 
from a log. The first step in making 
the model is to cut out a rectangular 
block somewhat larger than the final 
outline. This block is then polished 
cm a metallographie polishing machine 
using a sjiecial sanding paper and 
finally, metalhigr.iiihie polishing pow- 
der. Twenty minutes is usually suf- 
ficient to bring the block to the clear- 
ness of a piece of window glass. 

Annealing is necessary In order to 
remove initial pattern. Higher tem- 
peratures are recounnended for com- 
mercial work than is common practice 
ill tile laboratory. This greatly short- 
iiis the time required to anneal and 
also tends to stabilize the material. 
Fig. S illust rates a semi-automatic 

Insvhhon Board Bolted to 
Overall Imulclion Cover ^ Qy^n Lid 






^ to /iaufTiulator to Support Thermital 
\ Bulb-Btilblnsolated frorTallKetal^ 


IS6a;^-fielded Sheet itftlOitrt 
ljcl-i^na/i(^.at Ends Only 
to Reduce Rodiathn 

iccumuhtor Ud-Welded Slixl 
Dial Thermometer^ 


Holes Plu^^ With Asivitos 
Swtch, >Mtti 
Pilot Lijht 

18 &f f Weldid Sheet Steel 

FIG. 8 — Construction 
of annealing oven 
suitable for treating 
models for photo- 
elastic analysis. 

i^ Inflation Board 

May, 1941 

FIG. 9 (Above) — Straining frame with nnodel in 
place with turnbuckles and spring balances for 
applying loads. 

FIG. 10 (Above, Right}— Ring loaded 
with a uniform external pressure. 

FIG. I I (Below, Right)— Close up of 
ring of Fig. 10, showing loading bands. 

iiMij that iii.iv 1)1- constructed at a 
reasonable cost. Tlic appar.itus is so 
dtsif^ned that it may be turned on and 
left for five or six liours to come to 
temperature, at which time it i.s dis- 
lonneeted and allowed to cool by 
itself. The model may be removed in 
' i^ditei ri to twirity hours if needed. 
.dthouLjh thirt\ to thirtv six is pre- 

I sual I iiiiini. j)ractiee in model 
lii.ikinfr is to cut with jijr saw to about 
I If. inch outside the final outline. 
N^iM;; .1 fnt saw blade. 'I'Ik model is 
tli(n tiled in the jijr s;iw. or milled 



oil tlic drill press, to final outline. 
Holes may be drilled and reamed witli 
the production of little, it anj-, pat 
tern if the drill is run throufich at 
slow speed and kept cool. 

An effective and economical strain 
ing frame is shown in Fig. 9. Loads 
are applied with high-grade spring 
balances through suitable levers and 
wires. A total of five loads has been 
applied to the model shown in Fig. 9. 
Three are measured bj* the spring 
balances, the other two are statically 
determined reactions from these thnc. 
F'igs. 10 and 1 1 are jihotos of a 
ring under uniform external pressurt'. 
The pressure was secured by the re- 
action of tw'o thin steel bands, 
through a rubber liner, against the 
ring. The bands passed each other at 
the ISO-degree points by means of 
two slots in the wider band. By this 
, means a pressure of 706 pds. sq. in. 
: was applied to the model. Photo 
i elastic pictures and discussion of the 
stress pattern will be found in an 
article on hollow cylinders and shrink 
fits,^ part of a series on elastic theory. 
It is not necessary to reproduce 
exactly the actual method of loading, 
unless the stresses in the immediate 
vicinity of the load are required. .\s 
long as tile system applied to the 
model is statically equivalent to the 
actual loading, the stress away from 
the vicinity of the load will be the 
same. Recognition of this will fre- 
quently simplify the setup. 

It is good practice to take photos 
of all analyses. This permits of a 
check on the original observation and 
serves as a record for future reference. 
No special technique is required. Any 
suitable camera focusing-back, ar- 
ranged for film jiaek, will serve. 
Standard ortliochromatie film with 
tank development is satisfactory. En- 
largements of five to seven diameters 
may be obtained directly on the nega- 
tive. If desired this negative may 
then be enlarged several times. Re- 
productions as high as twenty-five 
diameters have been obtained in this 
Way.' This, of course, requires great 
care in polishing, focusing, etc. Fig. 
12 is a six-diameter enlargement of 
the crotch of a sealer jaw. The fine 
fringes are only .001 to .002 inch in 

This paper would not be complete 
without some discussion of the com- 
mercial importance of possible errors. 
Unquestionably the most troublesome 
error is "edge effect." This phenom- 
enon appears to be due to the drying 
out of the edges of the model, with 
the production of a pattern. If con- 
ditions are right this may merge with 
the stress pattern, leading to cr 
roneous conclusions. Tiu- effect 

'NrACHIXE DESIGN. ^^.^^-, 1041. 

FIG. 12 — Photoelastic pattern of the crotch of a sealer 
jaw. Enlargement is six diameters. 

be eliminated, or at least greatly re- 
duced, by speed in the handling of 
the model after filing. The effect is 
seldom of much importance at low 
iiiagnifieations, the ()enetratioii being 
only .007 to .015 of an inch. Where 
large magnifications are used to bring 
out fine detail it may completely ob- 
literate the stress pattern. 

Some little discussion will be found 
in photoelastic literature of the effect 
of strain and optical creep. It has 
been the writer s ex])erience that this 
is of little iniportaiicc in coniniereial 
work as long as the loading is kept 
within limits and the observations are 
carried out without excessive delay. 

The calibration value changes with 
temperature. In the case of the Bake- 
lite plastic commonly used this change 
.imounts to approximately one per cent 
for every ten degrees. The writer's 
work has been carried out in an air- 
conditioned room with a fairly uni- 
form temperature. In case of wide 
ranges corrections can easily be made. 
The temperature effect is so many 
times this with some of the other 
photoelastic plastics it e.innot In- 

F.xperimeiits indicated that it wa> 
neeessarj' to grossly misalign ap])ar.i 
tus to produce an appreciable error in 
tlie })attern. Tiic same was found to 
lie true of eecentvieity of tlie .•i)i)ilii'.i 

tion of the load, lu i)otii eases it was 
found tiiat wiieii tiiere was sufficient 
inaccuracy to produce a readable 
error it was impossible to produce a 
clear and distinct image. 

M'itli tile annealing cycle used by 
tile writer the initial jiattern is of 
little commercial importance. It will 
lie more pronounced at lower fringe 
levels: but since the maximum stress 
is all that is required this is not im- 
portant. Reasonable care in the ma- 
chining of the model, avoidance of 
extreme changes of temperature, etc.. 
will oiniate any a|)|)reeiable work 

Bv far the most iniiiortant item to 
consider is tiie fact tiiat our engineer- 
ing materials are not perfectly elastic, 
whereas the photoelastic plasties are 
very nearly so. This means that the 
results secured from the photoelastic 
analysis are. within the limits of ex 
perimental error, nearly identical 
with tliose obtained by elastic theory. 
Tile .ictuai stresses jiroduced in the 
piece ]iart will, however, depart from 
tlie tiieoreticai figure. This dejiarture 
mav be considerable in some mate- 
rials, and in particular under certain 
eoiulitiiins of stress. Fortunately, in- 
t lastieity causes a reduction in thi- 
strc ^^ Ml the use of the theoretical 
(iuiire i-- rdii'.irv.-iliv e. Space limits 
(Turn to page 52) 

May, 1941 



Since tlie year 18(M. Pullman has 
been a svnonyni for railroad eomfort 
and luxury. To the experienced trav- 
eler, it has meant safety, for the in- 
terior of a Pullman car is safer than 
a home. To both experienced and 
inexperienced, Pullman calls to mind 
interestina: com|)anions .uid the oppor- 
tunity of knowinjr people from varied 
pl.iees and {)rofessions. The histori.iii 
of the American railroad will add 

other contribution 
man sleeping ears 
adoption of a ; 
•rauge, an advance 
efficient shipment 
is to convenient 
Kqually important 
constant pressure 
railroad lines to 
romfort. ;ind saf 

i. The first Pull- 
directly influenied 
tandardized track 
as indispensable to 

of freight as it 

passenger travel, 
was an indirect but 

brought upon all 
increase the size, 

ty of passenger 

These essentials of modern travel- 
ing resulted primarily from the vision 
and perseverence of one man. This 
man, George M. Pullman, gradually 
transformed and brought to perfec- 
tion the crude sleeping car of his 
vouth. Later, his advanced operating 
methods led to the long distance rout- 
ing of Pullman cars over short con- 
necting lines, and instead of a scries 
of irritatinir ehaiiiri-s, made travel by 

The First Lightweight Streamlined Train. 



JL ,.l"\ (IV -A ^ 


■ '■•fllCBSai'^iB 

Old Number 9. Originally a Coach. Rebuilt as a Sleeping Car. 

rail continuous. \\'liere tiie traveler 
once purchased new tickets and 
changed trains every few hundred 
miles, he now could ride from Wash- 
ington, D. C, to San Francisco with 
one ticket and in one sleeper. From 
George M. Pullman and the organi- 
zation which he built came the "hotel" 
car, a combination sleeper and diner; 
the palatial separate diner; and the 
luxurious parlor car. Pullman inven- 
tiveness added the vestibule which 
made possible safe passage from 
coach to coach. Subsequently, the 
company built the first all-steel car, 
and the speedy, light-weight stream- 
lined train which delights the modern 

March 3, 1831, the date of Pull- 
man's birth, coincided closely with 
that of the American railroad, and 
anticipated by six years the first 
sleeping car. At the age of twenty- 
two, in the year 1853, young Pullman 
made his first sleeping car trip. As 
he and his fellow-passengers tossed 
on their uncomfortable bunks, he re- 
solved to build some waj', and some 
day, a ear which would serve for both 
night and day travel, and be comfort- 
able at all times. 

Since the advent in 1837 of the 
railroad sleeping car, nothing more 
than incidental improvements had 
been made. The general plan re- 
mained similar to that used in the first 
sleej)ing car built in America. This 
car, which ran over the Cumberland 
Valley Railroad between Harrisburg 
and Chambersburg, was merely a re- 
constructed day coach. Along one 
side, three comiiartments were built, 
and in each compartment three bunks 

were placed. The i),-isr of the seats 
formed the lower tier; the seat back, 
when elevated horizontal!}', the cen- 
tral berth; the upper was lowered 
from the roof. The railroad provided 
the mattresses, and the passengers the 
bed clothing. Many passengers made 
blankets of their coats, and not a few 
slept with boots on. Light came from 
candles, and heat from box stoves 
burning either wood or coal. The lim- 
ited toilet facilities consisted of basin, 
towel, and water located at one end 
of the car. 

The bunks of the early sleeping car 
doubtless were an imitation of those 
found in canal boats, once the major 
competitor of the railroad. On the 
smooth water of the canal, such ac- 
commodations proved fairly comfort- 
able, but in railway cars that jolted 
and swayed over a dirt roadbed, they 
were quite the opposite. Indeed, everj' 
short rail brought its own disconcert- 
ing bump. It is little wonder that an 
inventive mind saw the pressing need 
for improvement, and resolved to pro- 
vide this when circumstances would 
permit. So it fell out that when sev- 
eral successful engineering undertak- 
ings had brouglit reputation and some 
capital. Pullman turned his attention 
to the plan for a better and more 
comfortable sleeping car. 

In 1858, the inventor engaged 
Leonard Seibert of Bloomington, Illi- 
nois, to remodel two coaches pur- 
chased from the Chicago and Alton 
Railroad. From the dozen cars which 
then constituted the entire passenger 
(■(luipment of the road, Pullman .-uul 
Seibert selected numbirs and 19. 
These harbinsers of juxurv travel. 

Hat-roofed as were box cars, were only 
forty-four feet long. Each had four- 
teen single-sash windows, with the 
glass approximately a foot square. 
Into these cars, slightly more than six 
feet in height, the builders fitted ten 
sections, a commodious linen locker, 
and two washrooms, one at each end. 
On September 1, 1839, the first Pull- 
man made the run from Bloomington 
to Chicago, carrying the inventor and 
four passengers. 

The washrooms |)laced at each end 
proved but one of four innovations 
still in use. The second change was 
the employment of two rather than 
three berths to a section. As improved 
in 18(51, the upper berth swung on a 
liinge from the side of the car. When 
the bedding from l)oth berths was 
placed in the upper, and the seats re- 
stored to their normal position, the 
sleeper became a day coach in which 
no space was wasted on a storage 
locker. The time and energy required 
to carry bedding to this locker also 
had been saved. The two first Pull- 
man cars, richly upholstered in plush, 
cost approximately .^1,000 each. They 
were heated with box stoves, lighted 
liv oil lamps, and mounted on four- 
wheeled trui-ks. The hrakiinan made 
U|) the beds. 

In the year I8(M, plans were com- 
pleted for the construction of a sleep- 
ing car radically different from the 
twelve coaches jjreviously built. This 
first Pullman-built ear was con- 
structed in Chicago at a cost exceed- 
ing $20,000, a sum four times greater 
than that previously expended on a 
railroad coach. A\'ith this car began 
the famous ])r-ictiee of supplyinir each 

May, 1941 


I'lilliiLiri with .1 ri.'iiiK'. (jiiit<' ;i|>tlv. it c.ilUd tin- I'ioiicrr. I'.il l(i« iiii; the 
I'ioiiLir caiiK- the tivi- sltcpiiii; cars 
wliitli ill I8(;U ran uvtr the Chic.iiro, 
liurliiiittoii and (^lliiicv Hailroail, tlic 

Itlanlir, Pacific, Auritra, (iti/ of Chi 
caffO, and Omaha. 

The l)(>dy (if til. I'iinirrr r.^tcd 
ii|i(iii iinpnivid trucks with sprinus 
r.infon-.d l._v solid r. It stcod 
.1 fiiiit wider tlian any |ir<\i(iiis rail 
Iliad car. and two and one-half iVct 
liinlii r. W itliin tlic ciiiaru,C(l interior 
were t.istcliilly upholstered seats. 
hardwood finish, and ticveled mirrors. 
loi;et!ier with conil'ortalde mattresses 
and spotless lied linen. The added 
width not only made licrtlis more com 
liirtalile. luit made possible occup.ancy 
liy two |iasseiii;-ers. The hiiiijed n|)pei- 
li'erth. which folded toward the side 
and top of the car. necessitated the 
hij^her roof. With the higher roof 
came additional eoiiifurt for the pas 

Nothinii- shows better both the cour- 
atre of (icori-e M . I' .and his de- 
termin.ation to build rii;lit. than the 
increased width and lieitiht of the 
I'iitiiccr. With the exce])tioii of leiiiith. 
the dimensions of the Pioneer were 
those upon which snbsc(|uent .and 
present-day ears li.ive been eon 
striicted. At that time, however, bridiic 
.and [ilatform clearance would not 
pi-rmit use of the car on .any railroad. 
I'or some months it ,i|ipe.ired that the 
inventor had wasted his capital on a 
Useless showjiicce, but f.ate unexpect- 
edly intervened. In .\pril. 18()."). the 
rem.ains of the martyred Abr.ihani 

l.incoln were brought by speiial train 
from W.ashiniiton to Chicami. I'or the staf;e of the journey to .^priui; 
field, •rovernnient offici.ils desiriil to 
use's new car. The Chicago 
and Alton Railroad made the altera- 
tions of bridges and station platforms 
nieessary for its employment, and this 
employment in turn made known its 
unprecedented elegance and comfort. 
.Shortly thereafter. Pullman width 
.'iiid luight became more and more the 
st.ind.ird for ear construction. 

With an ever-increasing number of 
travelers making extended journeys in 
I' cars, the probbiii of obt.ain 
ing meals grew .leiite. This need 
proni])tly met by the President, ,a 
combination .sleeper ;ind diner long 
known :is the "hotel sleejiing car." 
I'roni ,-1 kitchen pl.aeed at oiii- end. 
meals were served on tables pl.aeed 
within the sections. I'rom the first, 
an attempt was made to provide a 
menu of some variety at a price eon- with the cost of such service. 
.\ii l.SCiT bill of fare included oysters, 
cold .and broiled meats, eggs, Welsh 
r.irebit, ))ickles. coffee, and tea. The 
third .and the final sections of the 
iiieiiii offered the hungry traveler: 

Beefsteak, with potatoes. . . . CO 
-Mutton clio])s. with ])ot.itoes lili 
H.iiii. with potatoes 5(1 

Welsh r.irebit .50 

l-reiu-h eofi'ee 2.5 

Tea 25 

During this year, the Pullman Pal- 
ace Car Company was incorpor.ited 
to m.anufacture and operate sleeping 
c.irs. The Company also began to es- 
t.iblish a system which provided the 
]iiiblie with ears of uniform construe- 

tioii suited to tin- needs of night and 
day travel, and in .addition carried 
passengers without change over dif- 
ferent railroads. The operating per 
sonnel should consist of responsible 
employees to whom children and 
women might be entrusted. Assisted 
by such a personnel, and with n<i 
eh.inge in cars required, children, 
woiiien. anil even invalids coidd safelv 
Ir.avel .alone. 

The important year of 1867 like- 
wise saw Pullman achieve the first 
non clLinge trip from Chicago to Xew 
York. Herctoftire, the different track 
gauges used between these cities had 
m.adc a continuous journey impossible. 
Hut during this year the Great West- 
ern Railroad of Canada added a third 
r.iil to its narrow-gauge track, and 
o|)ened through communication be- 
tween Chicago and New York. Tit- 
tinglv. the first Pullman to make this 
trip was the Western World. In keep- 
ing with the President, tile Western 
llOrld was the new combination 
"hotel sleeping ear" demanded by 
through transportation. The year fol- 
lowing, 1868, saw the first true din- 
ing car placed in service on the Chi- 
e.igo and Alton. This ear, designed 
by (ieorge M. Pullman, was entirely 
given over to the preparation and 
serving of food. \\'ith comjilete aji- 
[iropriateness. it bore the name l)el- 

The early years of the next decade 
s.iw .1 further .addition m.adi- to travel 
comfort. This .iddition the parlor 
car, first Iniilt for use on the Midland 
Railway of England, and in 1875 in- 
troduced in the United States. .\s the 
dining car developed from a com- 

The First Vestibule Car. 



The First Steel Car. 

bination sleeper and diner, so tlie 
parlor car of todaj- evolved from a 
coach which was part sleeper and part 
individual chair car. The Maritana, 
first "reclining-chair" or parlor car 
used in America, provided the public 
with individual chairs heavily and 
richly upholstered. Placed in two 
rows before the windows, the chairs 
revolved on swivels so that they faced 
in any desired direction. 

With its establishment of separate 
sleeping, dining, and parlor cars, the 
Pullman Company had set up the 
three major types of luxury railroad 
coach so long known to the modern 
traveler. During the decades of their 
use, these types showed almost kalei- 
doscopic changes in interior decora- 
tion. There were ornate carving, deli- 
cate marquetry, and lavish lacquer 
work, each and all ciiaracteristic of 
the shifting styles of the several 
periods, while upholstery and drape- 
ries also ran riot in color and design. 
By the turn of the century, simplicity 
in decoration was the rule, with a 
more harmonious blending of colors. 
This practice largely prevails today. 

The tale of Pullman's artificial 
illumination is a story of general 
progress and of individual pioneer- 
ing. Beginning with the conventional 
candles, the company turned quickly 
to oil lamps. Next came the more 
brilliant Pintsch gas, and ultimately 
electricity. This final advance was 
not introduced in America, but rather 
in England, where electric lights were 
installed October IK 1881, on an ex- 
perimental coach running on the Lon 
don. P)righton. and South Coast 

The experimental car carried he 
neath it thirty-two small metal cells, 
each of which contained lead plates 
coated with red oxide. Suspended 
from the ceiling were twelve small 
Edison incandescent lights of the 
bamboo filament type. The light flick- 
ered unevenly, but it filled the coach, 
and lasted throughout the return jour- 
ney from Brighton to Victoria. The 
elementary storage battery required 
charging each night preceding its use, 
but nevertheless served its purpose 
well. There came also the idea that 
electricity to charge the battery might 
be generated by utilizing the energy 
of the moving train, and from this 
idea evolved the powerful axle-driven 
generators in serWce today. 

Heatinsr likewise showed steadv 
progress from crudity to perfection. 
Wood and coal-burning box stoves 
gave place to hot-air furnaces: then 
came the hot-water system, and ulti- 
mately low-pressure vapor heat. The 
heating of a complete train by steam 
drawn from the engine was tested in 
1SS7. and put in operation the year 
following. This improvement abol- 
ished independent car-heaters, and by 
so doing removed a major source of 
discomfort. The present century 
brought air-conditioning, undoubtedly 
one of the greatest boons ever devel- 
oped for railway travel. To be sure, 
air-conditioning experiments began as 
early as 18.34, but its first successful 
operation was inaugurated by Pullman 
in 1920. Today finds j)ractically every 
car of the system air-conditioned. 

A further contribution to rail tran^ 
portation resulted from a necessity 

which progress had imposed. Through 
travel first demanded the "hotel sleep- 
ing car," and subsequently the sep- 
arate diner. But use of the diner 
often involved a dangerous passage 
across open car platforms. Platform 
enclosing devices were patented and 
constructed, but none proved prac- 
tical, with the result that in 1886 
George M. Pullman set out to devise 
a system which made a train both 
continuous and sufficiently flexible in 
connecting platforms to allow for car 
motion and sway when rounding 
curves. The solution proved to be the 
car vestibule. As first designed, the 
vestibule provided a closed passage- 
wav, and did not extend the full width 
of the car. Its basic innovation con- 
sisted of elastic diaphragms on steel 
frames attached to the ends of each 
car. and so arranged that when the 
train was made up. the faces of the 
diaphrams were held firmly in posi- 
tion by powerful spiral springs. The 
vestibule not only eliminated the 
danger and inconvenience of crossing 
from car to car. but largely eliminated 
car oscillation. By reducing the 
))ossibility of adjoining cars being 
telescoped in a wreck, it increased 
measurably the safety of travel. In 
1893. the vestibule was extended to 
the full width of the car. 

Early in the present century. Pull- 
man began experimentation with the 
steel car. During 1907. the first car 
of tliis ty])e was completed and put 
into operation. Three years later, this 
equipment went into regular service, 
.ind the number of steel cars increased 
ste.idilv. For the lamentable reason 

May, 1941 

17 H n rks \v< r. not tin- ran- cxiip 
tioii that thcv arc to<la_\ . the sui)(ri 
ority (if till" st.rl ov.r tlic wooilin 
iciaili luiainc too iiuicklv apparent. 
'I'hi- AnuTii-an railroad .soon turned to 
tile sttol car. and the travt-linji pulilic 
liad .such iirotcction .is it had never 
known licforc. 

Steel <'ars meant intreased weijiht 
as well as inere.i.scd security. The ad- 
<litionaI w e i .ff h t first necessitated 
hi ,n ier r.iils .-ind .-i superior rojidhed. 
.>er(Ui(ily. it (lireetly .itVectcd hauliiii;- 
costs hy diin.inilini; urc.iti-r power for speed. Hilt the strciiitth hroutlht 
hy stiel had to he preserved, and as 
.1 result, cir huildcrs sought inate- 
r'.ils which would reduce wei<;ht with 
out sacritii'ini; streuu;th. .\ftcr years 
of experimentation, success ,it 
tained hv the use of .■iluminum .ind 
steel allovs. I'lillin.iii .atjain .stood at 
the fore. .uhI hiiilt fin- the Union P.i 
citie Railroad the first littlit-weiirht, 
all-stri .ludined train. On I'ehruary 
12, lil.'if. this train started rcijular 
ojier.ition, .and hrousjlit with it a re- 
l-.irtli of interest in railway travel. 
Both the iiuTcased use of this type of 
railw.iy e()uij)ment and the eontribii- 
tiou of I' to the field are indi- 
cated hy these simjde facts. Up to 
I'chru.iry I, li)H, the company had 
built more than seventy per cent of all 
light-v.eiplit passenfier car.s ordered 
from the industry. All told. ],.578 cars 
were constructed, 1,122 of whicli went 
t<> r.'iilroads, suhw.iys. .and to inter 
urban lines. 

All types of I'lilhii.-ni .icoiiuiiod.-. 
tions in.-iy he h.'id on the li^ht Wright 
tr.aiii. r.-innini; from the .ilw.iys pop- sictioii to indiv idii.'il rooms of the 
l.itist ilesiiiM. I'.irly in his car build 
intj experiincc, (iiorfrc M. Pullman 
re.ili/.ed some p.-isscngers would 
prefer .i [iriv.ite room, and this he 
providiil. I'irst came the .stateroom, 
now called the compartment: then the 
more commodious dr.iwiii'; room. .\s 
the first combination dim r .iiid ji.irlor 
services had broiii;ht demands for cars 
devoted exclusively to <';ich. so the 
CISC with individual room service. In 
l!t27. the I' Company built a 
car for overnight journeys containing 
single rooms and stationary beds. The 
single room later dcveloiied into the 
double bedroom, and provided both 
an upiier berth and a sofa that became 
.1 bed. 

Our latest trains carry Pullmans 
whose compartments and drawing 
rooms have been improved by addi- 
tional facilities and by rearrangement. 
'I'here now awaits the traveling family 
either a double bedroom, or a master 
room whose two beds fold into the 
wall, and during the day give place 
to four lounge chair.s. The single 
traveler may choose the roomette, also 
with a bed wliich folds into the wall, 
and .1 lounge seat for d.ty travel. The 
"duplex" ))rovides either .i "ilown- 
st.airs" or "u]istairs" room, cicli with 
a convertible sofa bid. .Ml rooms have 
individual regulation of light, he;it. 
.and :iir-coiulitioniiig. together with 
lockers aiul private toilet facilities. 
M.iin trains carry a restaurant-lounge 
cir that serves meals, and not only sciting accommodations, but somc- 
tiiiHs rooms and sections .-is well. 'I'he 

liii.-il cir of till tr.iiii iii.ay be a lux- 
urious iibserv .ition lounge where the 
tr.ivcler m.iy read, watch the p.assing 
l;indsc;i])e, or enjoy conversation and 
refreshment with his companions. 

A subsidiary of Pullman, the Pull- 
man - .Stand.ard Cir Manufacturing 
('om|)any, not only siiii|ilics the needs 
of the p.-ireiit concern, but fabricates 
p.assenger and freight e<iuipment for 
r.ailroads, subway rolling stock, and 
motor buses. The company itself 0))er- 
ates eight thousand cars under eon- 
tracts with railroads in the United 
.States, and in j)ortions of Canada and 
.Mexico. The operation of these cirs 
is perha])s its greatest contribution to 
tr.ivel that is both luxurious and inex- 
pensive. Many of the railroads served 
require the greatest number of sleep- 
ing and parlor ears during the sum- 
mer months. Other roads, particularly 
those which carry tourists to the 
.South and .Southwest, need increased 
service during the winter. Such spe- 
cial occasions as large conventions 
call for the addition of scores of 
sleejting ears to those roads which 
nuist bear the bulk of the traffic, 
(ireat concentrations of cars also are 
essential for the movement of govern- 
ment troops. No one railroad coin- 
))any could handle such demands both 
efficiently and at a reasonable cost. 

These and other pressing demands 
the Pullm.m Company has sought to 
nxet for more than three-quarters of 
,1 century. Its success in this eflfort resulted from many factors, but 
.imong those most important is the 
motto: "Progress Without End." 

Roomette Car. 






History t'rdin tht- Atlaiitit' Oct-aii to witliin a avt-mif of c-omnuinication so impor- 

Chicago's site was built during tiw miles of the Des Plaines River. tant that we of todaj' can hardly 

the glacial period. When the ice re- Along this natural route of travel appreciate it. The idea of connect- 

treated it left the St. Lawrence River, came explorers, traders and settlers ing the Chicago River with the Des 

the Great Lakes and the streams who peopled the Mississippi Valley. Plaines River by means of a canal 

which flow into them. Before the advent of the railroad, was advanced by the first white ex- 

This system of waterways extends liowever. the waterways formed an plorer who visited the site of Chi- 

The Chicago River. A Few of Chicago's Fifty-Six 
Movable Bridges. 

Chicago Tribune Photo 


May, 1941 


:'**^,i:— t^'MlWI^ 

The Chicago River. A Century Ago. 

f;iir<>- llii two strianis arf only a 
tVw milts apart, and tlir watir-slitd 
HJiich st-paratis tlxin is only a Uw 
t,-,t liiuh. 

'riiisr two watirw.iys wt-rt' ton- 
nictfd with caili other, first by tlu- 
Illinois and Michigan Canal in 181-8. 
and a second time liy the Sanitary 
Canal in li)00. Now the projected 
develo[)n)ent of tile St. Lawrence 
.•^eaway and the I.akes-to-(iulf Water- 
way maintains this qnestioii as a mat- 
ter of prime im|)ortanee to Chieanns 

As Chicasio's topography is Hat. 
and only a few feet abovi- w.iter. it 
heeame neeissar_v from the very bi- 
iriiiTiiMg to provide movable bridges 
to permit till- ])assage of vessels. 

\\'ith the movable-bridge policy 
early established it becomes evident 
that th,- story of these bridges is 
tlu- story of Chi<ago. as it has lieen 
closely interwoven in the f.abric of 
this metropolis which in 100 years 
lias develoiied from a frontier 
to a great city of KOOO.OOO. The im- 
portant i).irt Chicago's bridges have 
l)layed in the consolidation of tin- 
sections of the city, separated .is it 
is by its rivers, into one honiogi neous 
community is manifest to .inyoin 
after a little tlinugllt. 

The first pedestrian bridge w,is 
constructed at Kinzie Street in IH.'i'J. 
The first swing bridge for vehicb s 
and ])cdcstrians was l)uilt at Dear- 
born Street in .\1I early bridges 
were of timber; their costs were <le 
tr.iyed from suhseriptlon funds. The 
first municip.illy built bridge 
constructed in IS.")? .it .Madison Street. 

costing ^30.000. The first iron bridge 
in the west was built in 18.56 at Rush 
.■street, Chicago. 

With but a few exceptions up to 
1890 all bridges were of the hori- 
zontal-swing type, supported by .i 
pier in the center of the river and 
in most cases were manually oper- 
ated. This type reached a high de- 
gree of perfection. One objection- 
able feature was the restricted use 
of the river caused by the center jjier 
whieli made the most desir.ible ]i.irt 
ot tile waterway useless. 

In ISiit a vertical-lift bridge was 
built at South Halsted Street. It 
operated as an elevator, with 
power. It did not meet with fa\or, 
being costly in construction, unsightly 
,ind uneconomical in operation .and 
l)ro\iding ])oot operating visibility. 
In view of the dis.satisfaction with 
this ty|)e other designs were de\el 
0))ed to meet the demands for in- 
creased and unobstructed waterways. 

From 18i)l' to li)00 the construc- 
tion of the drainage canal in 
progress. The proposed flow re- 
quirements jift'ected bridge, design to 
the extent that proper waterway had 
to be furnished to .avoid currents 
whieli niiglit be detrimental to n.ivi- 
gation. Water diversion through the 
Chicago River regulated by order 
of the .Secretary of \\'.ir for many 
years. .\fter .l.anuary 1. liUO this 
flow was m.iteri.illy rediued so 
at the present time provisions for 
water flow are inconsequential. 
Kaiu.v Hxsin.Fs 

doing back to the coiuiitioiis In 
Ih. i.irlv ninetiis. .after tin- Halst.d 

Street lift bridge In in in opera- 
tion. .1 rolling-lift bascule liridge was 
deve!o])ed by Mr. Wm. .Scherzer and 
was constructed at \'an IJuren Street 
in IK!:.). Its movable leaves are in- 
tegr.-illy supported on a vertical cir- liirdi r the circumference of 
whieh rolls, when the bridge is to 
be r.iised. on .i horizontal foundation 
.1 dist.inee of twenty to thirty feet. 
iiiiK h a-, .1 rocking ch.iir rolls on a 


.\s rejil.icemeiit of many of the 
liridges was imperative between IHttt 
.ind 1907. twelve of these rolling-lift 
bridges, and six truntiion - bascules 
were built, mainly at locations where 
the old bridges impeded the flow of 
w.iter for sanitary purposes. 

Bascule means "see-saw", a dou- 
ble-arm cantilever mounted and bal- 
anced on a shaft, the trunnion, on 
which it my rotate. This principle 
was used in the construction of the 
.ancient portcullis bridging the moats 
.around castles and forts. Its appli- 
cation to large structures which can 
be raised and lowered, and of suffi- 
cient strength and capacity to meet 
the traffic requirements of a large 
lity involves considerable engineering 

The famous Tower Bridge of Lon- 
don was one of the first large trun- 
nion-bascule bridges to be built, be- 
ing completed in 189 1. Chicago's 
Wan Buren Street rolling-lift bridge 
was completed in 189-5. It naturally 
followed that local engineers would 
observe their performance to deter- 
iiine their relative merits. 

.\fter several years experience with 
rolling-lift bascule bridges, it was de- 
cided that the trunnion-bascule aj)- 
pe.ired to be more suitable for local 
<-on<litions. .\s .-i result, competitive 
(hsigns for a bascule bridge at 9.5th 
.Stn-et over the Calumet River were 
invited in May, 1900. A committee 
of three bridge engineers selected one 
of the City's own designs, with modi- 
fic;itions. This design fundamentally 
is the type used today not only in 
Chicago but in several other cities 
.-ind is known as the "Chicago Type 

The 9.5tli Street bridge is double- 
leaf with tiiree trusses'-O" c. to c. 
pivoted about three trunnions. The 
span is 128 feet e. to c. of trunnion 
bearings with east-iron eouuterwciglits 
undi r the fixed .-iiiijro.-ieh. The sub- 
structure consists of .1 front .ind rear 
pier eonneeted by w.ills so ,-is to form 
w.-itertight counterweight jiits. (iird- 
ers parallel to the mo\ able trusses 
supported on the front and rear piers 
e.irry the trunnion bearings. Tlie 
111 liii oper.-itiiig i)inions for iqierating 



tlic l)ri(lgc imsli with rai'ks I'astiiu i! 
to the ciivv.d heels of the three 
ti-usses. At tht' center llie leaves 
when closed are connected by motor- 
driven sliear-locks. 

The committee's reasons for favor- 
inn- the trunnion type of bascuh' are 
fi'ivcn in their report as foHows: 

(1) "Constant jxiint and direction 
of application of h)ad on the fouji 
dation whether the bridge is in mo- 
tion or is stationary." (On a rolling'- 
lift bridge the load moves back as 
the bridge opens and ma}' cause in- 
stability of foundations.) 

(2) "Reduction of the number of 
moving parts to a minimum. " 

"The bascule design permits the 
|)lacing of the center of gravity of 
the moving bridge in the trunnion 
axis or its pro.ximity. The placing 
of the center of gravity' a short dis 
tauce from the .axis of the truiniious 
toward tlie draw opening ,ind the 
arrangement by whicli the tail end 
is relieved from any possible live load 
has the advantage of holding the bas- 
cule firmly in position when closed 
without absolute necessity for heel- 
locks. There is no tilting efi'ect due 
to the action of lixc load coming on 
the bridge." 

Forty years later and after .■ibout 
$50,000,000 wortii of local bascule 
bridge construction, we note that 
these early recommendations, which 
were not all then accepted, have been 
incorporated in present design. .Sev- 
eral of the suggestions were : 

" — that adjustable resting blocks 
be placed in front of and near the 
trunnion so that when the draw closes, 
the load may be transferred from the 
trunnions to the resting blocks." 

" — for future and more important 
structures, warranting additional ex- 
pense, foundations should be carried 
to bed rock." 

"The design of the piers is not sat 
isfactory, — make one counterweight 
pit by disposing of the partitions — " 

In the main the abov-e description 
of the 9.5th Street bridge is an ex- 
cerj)t from an article by Mr. Earle 
G. Benson, Mechanical Designing En- 
gineer for the Bridge Division, which 
appeared in TiiK .Vhmoir ExMiiNKKii 
ot' March. Ii».il. 

MoDKMN Tim XNioN Bascii.i: 
A departure fi 

U the 
■ (in 

above recommendations and 
bodied in practically all t 
designs is the distribution of tin 
weights of the movable leaf in such 
manner as to have the center of gr.-n 
ity of the entire leaf coincide with 
the center of the trunnions. 'J'liis 
fe.-iture results in balanced ciniilib 

The Halsfed Street Uii Bridge 
Built In 1894. 

,f the leaf. , \clusi\ 


applied locati, 
dl p, 

.f tl 





;■ are nf travel. 

■ration with the Chicago it im|)er;itive to consider 
till- .lesthctic fe.itun's of the bascuK- 
bridges. While thi- f prill 
eiple of design « liich |)l.aced the ccuiii 
tcrweights behiu the ro.adway 
established in tlu !).-)th Street typ. 
of bridge, t'lirther imjirovement in 
appearance dbt.ained throliuli re 



th,' tr o|M r.itiiig | 
iikI tlie iiiachiiK 
:le the trusses, 
rniitted greater 
design of the movable 
V ari.atioiis in 
(.lined when so desire 
.\ operating 
(piire. .IS insurance 
down, gre.-it riigmalnes- 

iig r.ick. This 
iiss iiitcrn.illv. 
linidii iiro- 


i'liis construe- 
latitude in the 
leaves so that 

■c could be ob- 

conditions re- 

igainst break- 

; .and eo?iserv.i- 

May, 1941 

NIne+y-Flf+h Street Bridge: 1905. 
3-Truss, External-Rack Trunnion Bascule. 

tivi- (Icsiijn. With tlip incrt-.-isc in 
In.ids. widening of roa(lw;iys .uid 
un-.itir Iciiirtli of s|);iiis it followid 
tli;it till- size (if tin- foniponcnt p.irts 
of tin- l)ridjif naturallv developed into 
.1 iiriater The comhina- 
tion of iiij^ineering funetions togetlier 
with fe.itures of beauty, sometimes 
termed "fiinetional beauty ' devehijied 
ultimately to such a Jioint that the 
li.isenle liridjie at \\'aliash Avenue in 
1 !'.!() won the first award of the Am.r 
ie.-iii Institute of Steel Construetion 
for the most beautiful steel liridi;-.- 
eoiistrueted during that year. 

The modern baseule may be de 
scribed sulistantially as follows: 

The foundation, a w.-itertisfht mas 
sive-walled concrete box. jirovidis 
support for the trunnions and acconi 
inodat.s the r.'.ir p.irl of the movable 
leaves and eounterweight box. It 
rests on eai.ssons of (i to S ft. 
eter re.aehinn- down to the rock from 
abiuit (!f) to 107 ft. below City Datum. 
The vertical loads run up to 1000 
tons. Th,- pit floor is .about I'O ft. 
below water bvel .lud thus the result 
inir uplift .and sidewise i.irth and 
w.-itir pressure must be didy consid- 
ered. Tlie counterweight must be 
fr<-e of buoyant efl'eets from water 
ind therefore the ])its must be water 

Th( supi-rstrueture consists of two 
i.HU.ablr Ic.aM s and tlieir sUjiports, the 
lixrd •■ipprn.aehes. the ni.aehiuery .and 
the lunises. K.ieh l<;.f is .1 bugi- can 
lilever arm of over a hundred feet; 
in closed position the elVi-ct is that 
of .-1 that .arch; in o)irn iiosition the 
ro.'idw.ay serves .as .a b.irrier protect 
ing tr.itfic. t'liiting tin- trusses, be 
hind the trunnions and uiulcr the 
appro.ieh floor, is the eounterwiiirht 

The sup( rslructure is designed tor 
dead and live loa<ls. fifty ton stre.l 
ear.s, 2 t-ton trucks. liKl llis. pir 
ft. uniform movini; .iiid 20 lbs. 

per s(|. ft. wind load .are assumed. 
l'ro|i< r .illow .inci s ,are made for im 
|i.iet .irid xibr.itiou. Closed and open 
positions .are considered .and cli.inge 
in the of the stresses is 
t.iken into account. 

The roadway of the baseule bridge 
offers a different j)roblem from that 
of the ordinary fixed bridge. It must 
rcm.ain in place when tin' leaf is ver- 
tical: it uuist be light in weight, yet 

1'. g r 1 1- .\i K N T 

One oper.itor's house is |)rovided 
for each leaf, on 0))positc sides of the 
river, with ,a bridge operator for each 
leaf. l'ro|ier visibility is of import- 
ance in the disign of these bouses. .1 bri.lgc house is from thrc,- 
to five floors high with .irchi tre.itmcut. It houses heat- 
ing e(iuipment, electrical resistances,' 
relays, .and controllers, s.initary facili- 
ties .and ojier.ating sujiplies. Tii<- 
opcr.ating room occupies the entire 
top floor with .a coinm.anding view 
in .all directions of riM-r ,ind street 
traffic. This is jiossiblc through the 
l)rovision of wiiulows ,all .ar(nind. The 
oper.ator regulates the bridge from 
this st.ition through the controllers 
on the braki's, nmtors, gate-.signals, 
center .and heel locks, in .i definitely 
prescribi'd order. Neon 'Stop" signs, 
ehctrie bells, .and one locomotiv.- bell 
(ui each bouse .are jirovidcd. These 
sign.als ,are intirlocked with the (aiiter 
sliearlock .ami the power circuit used 
for moving the structuri-. so be 
for.' the o]ier,at(n- e.iii iiioxf the bridge 
it is necess.ary Ih.-it .all the signals be 
in their ))roper position .and on dis- 
jilav to tr.affic. if for any reason 
trouble is expirieiiced in this ])ri\ circuit, hi is then n (piired to 
resort to the use of ,a s(i'ond,iry .iiix 
ili.iry circuit which is not gmcrned 
bv tin interlocking features. 

" In 111,- ev.nt of f.iillin- of both 

these systems, the opi r.itor is re- 
i|uired to the oncoming vessel 
to stoji b\ iiieius of .a rrd flag by day 
and ehctrie light by night. Ordi- 
n.incc s limit the sj)eed of vessels so such ,in emergency can be met. 

Tlic ccinlrol of a heavy bascule 
bricliic ill CM r\ position, and safe and 
cpiick oper.ition. recpiirc- etlieicnt m.i 
chinery. The .almost |.erfict b.alanec- 
.itt.iinecl tod.iy iiccessit.ates motive 
pc.wcr cinU to ciMrccime inerti.i. fric- 
tion of movinir |i.arts. wind .end snow 

Ill the design of the- machinery 
iii.iin l.ictors .are considc'nal. In addi- 
ticui to st.itic cainditions, the stresses 

fi I the kinetic energy of the raov- 

iiit iii.issc s .ire transferred to the gear 
train; in case of failure, to the bum- 
|i( IS .111(1 live-load pedestals. Trouble 
m.iy develop in the machinery, or ex- 
p.insion eastings m.ay bind, luaa-ssi- 
t.itiug extraordin.ary force to move 
the bridge and jjutting heavy pull on 
the machinery. The most unfavorable 
condition is .assumed to be covered 
by the I'O lb, ])c'r sip ft. unb.ilanced 
lo.icl on the leaf. This is the design 
criterion for the m.ichinery. 

Ordiu.arily carbon steel forgings 
;iiid oastings are used for machinery 
]i.irts but with the increase in the size 
of the- nc wc r bridges its use would 
result in m.ichinery too bulky and 
im|ir,ictic;il. .\s for example, with 
trunnions c:ftcn thrta- feet in diam- 
eter .and nine feet long, the tendency 
is tow.irds use of high-strength .alloy 
steels. I'lie m.ichinery is nuiuntcd on 
bed-l)late steel castings, although 
welded constrnetion is resorted to on 
occasion. The driving [lower for the 
Larger bridges is two 100 II. 1'. (iOll 
volt D.C. motors per leaf. 

In some instances compressed .air 
.and hydraulic devices .ire used for 
operating sign.als, br.ikes or other 


On several occasions the use of 
vertic'.il-lift bridges ,as means of meet- 
ing extraordinary (a)uditions have 
been c (insidered but im.ariably these 
studies rcxcrted to the .icci'pt.anec of 
.1 b.aseulc design. However, skewed 
river eoiulitions cniiiuntered .at the 
Torrence Avenue crossing over the 
Calumet River, togctlK r with the long 
span, indicatcal the .idvis.ability of the 
use of the vertical lift bridge, which (aimideted in l!):i7. 

Besides the (ifty odd movable 
bridges built by the governments, 
r.iilro.ids li.ave built eight b.iscule and 
four lift bridges over the Chicago and 
('.iluiiiet rivers within the Cit\- Limits. 



Wabash Avenue Bridge. Trunnion Bascule Type. 

Award by American Institute of Steel Construction 
for Most Beautiful Bridge Erected in 1930. 


Tlif scope of tills artk'U- docs not 
pi-rnilt of [jropt-r discussion of con- 
strui'tioii nittliods used in the erection 
of a bascule bridge. It may be of 
interest to note that eiahteen months 
are required to complete the construc- 
tion. Also that during that time traf- 
fic Ls diverted over a temporary 
bridge, or sometimes over the exist- 
ing swing bridge. The change-over 
from the okl to tlie new bridge is gen- 
erallv accomplished with only a few 
days inconvenience to traffic. 

A short time ago bids were taken 
for the sub^structure portion of a new 
bridge at State Street to replace a 
thirty-five-year-old rolling-lift bas- 
cule. The replacement of this bridge 
resulted from the construction of the 
State .'Street subwav. 

.\nother rolling-lift bridge, also 
about thirty-tix'f years old, at Canal 
-Street (ermak Road is to be 
replaced sliorth' uitli a modern bas- 

l'ron\ these instances, some idea 
of the "life" of a bascule bridge in 
Chicago is obtained. 


Witii forty years .assumed life of 
a bascule and with a system of tifty- 
si.\ movable bridges, it follows that 
rei)l;icements should be at the rate 
of about tbrie liridges every two 
ye.irs. I'roni 1!H)0 to \927. rapid and 
wide change in trafh<' requirements, 
together with jjcriods of economic 
stress, gave rise to many complex 
m.iintenancc problems. 

.Vfter 1!)22 the depression stopped 

new bridge construetion and lowered 
the standard of maintenance. Condi- 
tions reached such a stage that in 
19-28 a bond issue of .iil. 000.000 was 
passed by the voters for the moderni- 
zation of nine bridges for which re- 
building was not required and for 
which funds were not available. The 
main factor in this situation was the 
light floor system, designed for the 
liiihter and slower iiorse-drawn ve- 
hicles and not aiile to cope witli tiie 
mod<rii he.ivy .and traffic. 
I'lie new floors were stronger and 
hcaxier. ent.illing additional counter- 
weight, all of w'iiieh added about 100 
tons to each leaf. This, together with 
tile increased loadings and the fact 
that some of these structures were 
thirty or more years old, and badly 
(Turn to page 52) 

May, 1941 




A^ tin M Mcir(l> arr writtrri ,i iiilli\ p.-iradr i-. |)a^siiiir l)y lu low my 
wiiuiow on tin- Amiur- nui 
sic. uniforms, flags, miins, tliousaiids 
of vouns; men trained in tin- art of 

,a\ . hourM 

tli( IT is .1 dilVir iliitrical. mnlianiial, cluniical. And 

rncf. Tlic front lines an- not limited. luliind the cnuineers are long years 

'I'lie front lines of defense to(la\ iie of stnily, hours upon hours spent in 

elude our m.muf.aetures and trauspor the library with hooks and inaffazines, 

tation, our a<;rieulture and minini;-. theses and n ports, documents and 

lefense, that liurninii: question in our our entire set-up. And in dusty records. 

minds today — reminiscent of twenty- all of these our prime mo\ers are our Thouiih ))erhaps not so romantic as 

five years a«o. engineers and tr.iined teilinicians : p.irades, today the lihraries of our 

General Reading Room: The John Crerar Library. 



country are ftLliiif; their new impor- 
tance. esiK'cinlly those devoted to. or 
having special collections of, the pure 
and applied sciences. 

Located at one of the busiest cor- 
ners of the world, at Michigan Ave- 
nue and Randolph street, stands an 
iiistitutiini little known, or entirely 
unknown, hy the man in the street. 
From the outside the tifteen-story 
stone-front building looks little dif- 
ferent from an\' of its neighbors 
standing stiffly about in their cold dig- 
nity. Inside, however, is housed the 
priceless collection of one of the 
world's finest and most complete sci- 
entific and technical libraries. Far 
above the blatant noises of the street 
are three large quiet reading rooms 
filled with assiduous students rubbing 
elbows with engineers, chemists, doc- 
tors — men of repute who are leaders 
in their respective fields. 

Through the oftice and reference 
departments flow hundreds of letters 
from every state in the Union, from 
Canada, Mexico, South America ; let- 
ters from individuals, from industrial 
companies, from state and federal 
government agencies, from private, 
public, college and university libra- 
ries. Some ask for information on 
specific questions, some ask for selec- 
tive bibliographies ■on given subjects, 
and the libraries usually ask for a 
loan or a photostat of the highly 
technical material which they them- 
selves arc unable to supply to their 
readers. The entire building is a 
beehive of scholarly activity and re- 

But, all of this was not always so. 
The John Crerar Library grew to its 
present stature from a humble begin- 
ning on the rented sixth floor of the 
old Marshall Field Building at the 
corner of Washington Street and Wa- 
bash Avenue in the year 189.5. 

Mr. Crerar, who was for many 
years a prominent citizen of Chicago, 
was born in New York in 1827; he 
was educated there, and there entered 
business. In 1862 he came to Chicago 
and established the firm of Crerar. 
Adams & Company, dealers in rail- 
road supplies. He died October 10. 

Besides specific bequests made to 
relatives, friends, and charitable and 
public institutions, he provided by his 
will for the "erection, creation, main- 
tenance, and endowment of a free 
public library , . . for all time." The 
amount thus bequeathed w.'is esti- 
mated at the tinir to be about 
$2,.)()0 000. 

It was arranued by Mr., 
who m.ade the first appointments in 
his will, that the management of the 
Library should be controlled by a 
board of fifteen members, two of 

which, the Mayor and Comptroller of 
( liie.ago. were tii be r\ otficid mini 

.\s a result of a series ot cuiiti r 
inees with the trustees of the Chicago 
I'liblie ;ind the Newberry Libraries 
it decided that the special field 
lit the John Crer/ir Library should be 
that ot the natural, physical, and so 
ei;il sciences, and tlicir api)lication. 
thus supplementing the existing and 
))rospective collections of Chicago. 

And so, after a definition of the 
scope of the future collection, imme- 
diate action on organization was com 
menced. Mr. Clement W. Andrews, 
then Librarian of the ^Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, was elected 
by the lioard as the first librarian. 
After weeks of preparation, including 
many (■<niferences and visits to various 
established libraries in the East, Mr. 
.Vndrews chose his staff and the real 
beginning of the Library was made 
with the entry of the first book on 
February 13, 1896. 

More than 8,000 volumes, including 
practically the entire collection of 
Natural Sciences and L'seful Arts of 
the Newberry Library, were trans 
ferrcd to the John Crerar, constituting 
in 1896 the first important purchase. 

The crowds of visitors, during the 
first three days set aside for inspec- 
tion after the Library was officially 
opened to the public in April, 1897. 
proved the w-ide-spread interest of 
Chicagoans in their newly established 
free public reference library. 
first year the total attendance was 
18,. 581, or a daily average of 80; in 
1940 total calls for books were 
.354,223 with a daily average of 1169. 
Then our book stock stood at 29.1 1 1 : 
today it has passed the 6.50.000 mark. 

From that time on it is a story of 
rapid growth and expansion. In ad- 
dition to the regular trade hooks. 
special collections were acquired 
through the following years, including 
the famous Ely library of economics 
and sociology, the Gerritsen collec- 
tion on finance, labor, and general 
sociology, the transfer of the Medical 
l)ei)artment of the Newberry Library 
and of the Senn collection on surgery 
and physiology, the Martin collection 
on gynecology and obstetrics, and the 
Levasseur collection of maps. 

A building fund had been provided 
by the Directors from the bcgiiniing. 
and by 1911. tile Library h.iving 
grown to oecnpv several floors of the 
.M;irsh,ill Field' Building, it seemed the time h.iil come when thought 
must be given to the permament 
housing of the colleetion. The build- 
ing fund ha\ing inerr.ised to an 
.luiount to warrant such action. ))ur- 
chasc of the site at the northwest 
corner of Michigan Avenue and Ran- 

iloiph Strrrt w,■l^ iii.ulc ill .May. Utll'. 
( (instriietion of the Lilir.-iry's new and 
lirrmaiunt home began in 1919 and 
till building was dedicated a little 
o\er a year and a half later in 192i. 
Probably few jieople passing by 8(> 

Fast li.-inilnlpl, ever liotier thi' ill 
serifition ■Th. .loliii ( r. r.-ir> " 
iler|,ly iiigr.nril in l.-ii-.j.,- letters in 
the stone over the wide entr.inee. or 
see the bronze tablet at the side in 
forming them of the nature of the 

Inside the entrance one finds a 
be.iutitully executed foyer with marble 
floor, stone walls with simjile and re- 
strained ornamental carxing. and over 
all a beamed ceiling beautifully col- 
ored in dull blue with conventional 
designs in gold. 

-Vt the left are three vaulted arches 
screened by wrought-iron grilles, fine 
in design and workmanship, like the 
entrance gates to a chapel. Behind 
these are the elevators, plain and 
utilitarian but dignified in design. 
Today, the first three floors of the 
building are given over to stores and 
offices, this corner of the "loop " being 
an ideal spot from the merchant's 
point of view. Eight levels or "floors" 
of stacks are housed on the fourth to 
the ninth floors of the building, where 
sixteen miles of shelving hold the 
major part of the 650,000 volumes 
and tens of thousands of pamphlets. 

.Stepping from the elevator out on 
to the tenth floor, (where you may go 
only if you have permission), you will 
see the "wheels going 'round." Here 
are the Accessions, Order. Continua- 
tions, Cataloguing and Classification 
l)e|)artments, arranged in this "flow- 
sheet' order around the one big room 
which takes up the entire floor. 
(Efliciency has to be considered in a 
librarj' as well as in an automobile 
f actor J-.) In the middle is the nerve 
center of the Library, the huge official 
catalog and the shelf-list with its tel- 
autograph communication with the 
fourteenth-floor delivery desk. It is 
throuah the routine of all these de- 
]).irtments that each book must pass 
liefore it is ready for the patron in 
the reading room. This is. in effect. 
the clinic wheri' neither the book nor 
its .inthor can boast any secrets after 
the trained h.ive finished 
their job of tr.acing down the remotest 
of bibliogra)) .ind 
( This is ;in important, nuticu 
lous. slow, .ind ex)»-nsive process. It been estim.ited that each entry 
c.irricd through routine costs the 
l,\ .ibout >■■_'. (111. which is .-i eon 
sidcraldc .inioiHit to be added to the |)urcli;isc price of an item. 

Tin- m.iii who bears the brunt of all 
resiionsibilitiis smiles from behind his 
big, glass-topiicd. mahogany desk .is 

May, 1941 


\vr inter Iun priv.iti dtfiir oil tin- 
(•l.vciitli Hoor. Out the lar-^i-, dr.-iprd 
\viii(li)MS to tlif south Wf look dow ji 
upon tin- Cliica-^o Pul)lio [.ilirary, 
(iraiit Park, tin- Art Institute, Ticld 
Mustuiii; out till- cast window we meet 
till- eviT ilianjiin-i beauty of Lake 
Mi<liiiran. On tlie walls heiiind us. 
to tlie riirjit of us. to the left of us. 
on tallies, on Im\ desk, are hook- 
small, l.arin-. old. new hooks of every 
deseri|itioii. In tliis room is lioiised 
on.- of till- lliiest i-olleetions of Amrr 
iean;i. person.-illy owni-d .iiui eolleeti-d 
liy this eminent si-!iolar himself 
tliroujjhout his m.-my years as <ine ol 
our outstandinsr hihliojiliiles. 

Never too l)usy for a friendly smile, 
a iiieasant word, lie sits hack in his 
liiij chair, strikes a matcii. slowly 
strok<'s the droojiinir ends of his mils 
t,-iehe with the hit of his |iip(- as lie 
holds the mat(-li to tin- tolia<-c-o and. 
hi-for<- we know it. we are in tilt- midst 
of a story, told .is no one els<- can 
tell it. of this hook, of that author, 
or of collection; never fiction. 
.-ilways true stories, always with the 
human interest as the chief element. 
His more than thirty-five years of as- 
sociation with the Library have u;ivt-ii 
Dr. J. Christian Hay a background, 
.-in acquaint.-iiu'i', and a respect in the 
profession.-d world to be envied liy all. 
Uesides the private office of the 
I.ihr.-irian. the other offices, tlie I)in-e- 
tors' Uoom. where tile Board meets 
c|U.irterly, :in<l .-i suite rented to the 
Kesi-areii Librarian of the Western 
l-'.lectric ('oni|)any, are located on the 
eleventii floor. Here, too, is the 
kitchen and lunch room, equipped with 
a fias stove, refrigerator, sink, electric 
!,rrill, dishes, .-md tables to seat twenty 
|ieoplc, where anyone on the staff may 
prc])arc his lunch. 

On the north side of the twelfth 
Hoor is tiie .Medical Department with 
'ts own catalog and its reading room 
shelves fill<-(l with the important ref- 
erence tools, in(h-xes, and outstandinif 
soiircit books in tin; medical sciences. 
Hire wi- lind the recentlj' compiled 
I nioii Catalog containinir 
(-.-irds for books in all of the imiior 
t.-int libraries in the Chic-igo 
.ire.i. including Northwestern L'niver- 
sity .Medical and Dental, University 
of Illinois Medical and Dental, Uni- 
versity of Chicago, Rush Medical 
Ci>lleg(-, ,111(1 Loyola L'niversity. l?y 
use of this cat.alog it may be aseer 
t;iiru-d what library has a given book, 
liee.-inse of till- .loliii Crcrar's own ex 
ei-llent medical eoll.-etion and also be 
<'.-iiise id its ei-ntralized loc.ition. it 



was ilecKle.l li\ tile spoi 
Institute of Mr.lieilir. to 
e,-it;.log reliiMiii lien . 

In this dep.-irtiiH III. too. are ki-pt 
.dl of the ciirri-nt nimibers of the mid 

ii-al pi-riodie.-ils. .\ medical reference is .dw.-iys on h.ind to give in- 
dividiial .lid in tin- use of th<- catalog 
.-md the numerous bibliograpiiie tools. 
The readers here, as might be ex- 
liectcd, are for the most jiart doctors 
and students of medicine. 

The I'i-riodic;il Dep.-irtmi iit. with 
its own staff, occupies tin south side 
ol the tw.-lfth Hoor and here more 
th.-iii ••!.")()() m;iga/.ines in tin- speei.-il 
fields eo\cred by the Libr.-iry .-ire cur- 
rently reeei\ed. reeorded. .-irid pl.-ieed 
on the shehes wliire the re;iders may 
i-onsiilt them without ;iny formality. 
Consider.-ible eorri-spondence is neces-\ in this department, claiming 
o\erdiii issues, and keeping the Hies 
up to date. (In addition to these reg- 
ular periodicals the Library reeiivcs 
.-ibont 10,000 "continuations" which 
include annual reports, yearbooks, 
irregularly issued bulletins, etc.. which 
.in n-eorded on the tenth floor in the 
( Oiitinuations Department. ■> 

l-'rec checking service for coats and 
p.ircels is maintained on the thirteenth 
Hoor. where Library regulations pre- 
scribe that all brief cases. b;igs. ,ind 
umbrellas must be checked. 

The Cu-neral Reference De))artment 
.111(1 reading room on the fourteenth 
door, with its vaulted ceiling and t.-dl. 
wide windows is used chiefly by re- 
si .-ireli workers in all fields, — students, 
writers, and business men. A selected 
collection of about 8,000 volumes, in- 
tended to include the chief reference 
tools in the fields covered by the 
Library, are on the shelves in this 
room, quickly available for immediate 
use by the reader as well as the ref- 
erence librarians who make extensive 
d.iily use of the numerous special 
h.-indbooks. technical dictionaries, en- 
cyclopedias, and indexes. 

Two of the most useful tools for the 
(-ngiiu-ers are tlie Engineering Index, 
which indexes articles in more than 
I'.OOO engineering and technical peri- 
ixlic.ils, and Chemical Abstracts, 
whi<h covers in a similar manner 
I>r.-ictically all of tin- chemical peri 

The huge Union Catalog, sometimes 
referred to as the "Dep Cat," occu- 
pies the entire wall space on the 
fifteenth Hoor ;iiid contains over 
2,000,000 c.irds from l.irge public and 
iiniM-rsity libraries sc.-ittcred .-icross 
th. United .Stat.s. including a depos 
itory collection of Libr.-iry of Cmi 
ii-n ss .-.-mis. Ka.-li of th.s,- .-..ntrib 
iitiiii;- libr.-iri.-s li.-is mh-Ii .-i union (-,-it 
alog in.i.l. up of th,- .-, from tli.- 
oth.-rs. I'liiis. by l.-.-irning from this 
.-.-it.-ilog th.-it on.- of (111- othi-r libr.-iri.s 
h.-is a book not in its own .-ollectioii. 
.-my libr.-iry can supplem.-nt its coll.-.- 
lion through flu- systi-m of iiit.-r 
libr.-iry lo.-m. photostat, or mii-ro lilm 

scrvict-. This is of the grc/itist value 
t.i res.-an-li work, rs who might other- 
wise be d.-pri\.<l of mat.-rial pertinent 
to their work. 

The John Crerar tends to be more 
of a collection of "live" and practical 
material, the tyi)c of books IJacon sug- 
gested were to bi- "chewed r.nd 
iligcsted." Ikit, as might be supposed. 
it is not always our most recent books 
that we value as having the gr.-atest 
potential. I'or this reason we arc 
proud of those books in our stacks 
which furnish us with unusual his- 
toric.-d souri-e niateri;il in the field of 
industrial paper making, the knowl- 
edge and art of dyes and dyeing, and 
the collection on aviation which in- 
cludes the library of Octave Chanute, 
famous jjionccr in aeronautics and 
father of the biplane. Espcci.-illy 
strong are the historical classics in 
mechanics and railroad engineering. 
It would be interesting, but imprac- 
tical here, to list individually some of 
the rare and outstanding works; it 
would be difficult to know when tt) 
end such a list. 

.\nswering questions is, of course, 
the principal function of this, as of 
,-dl American libraries. The university 
))rofcssor, the engineer, the special 
investigator, the factory worker, the 
college student, and the casual visitor, 
have equal claims on our service. And 
questions we do handle, by the hun- 
dreds, by letter, by telephone, and 
"over-the-counter." Primarily, we are 
a reference library, but in 19f0 we 
loaned 2,677 volumes on 2, .362 re- 
quests from 389 institutions. We do 
not invite inquiries in fields foreign 
to our scope, and actually turn down 
requests of a trivial nature, such as 
jnizzle and contest questions, as we 
feel that our time and efforts will be 
well enough occupied if we deal with 
none but the serious matters. 

Those persons coming to the 
Library for the first time are usually 
ipiite surprised with the fast service 
with which their books are brought up 
from the stacks, and usually, too, are 
intrigued by the automatic book lift. 
This machine, after being dialed like 
an ordin.irv tchphone. autom.-itit-.illy 
|)ieks u|) a bo.)k from any floor .ind 
delivi-rs it t.i th.- desired station on 
aiiv oth.r H.ior. In addition to this which has twentv-two bas- 
kits .111 .-1 (-ontinuoiisly moving chain, 
tbi-ri- .-in- two l.-irge-capaeity lifts for 
books too larg.- to ride on the con- 
v.-yor. With this .-(luipment the avcr- 
• ig, l.-iigth of till!.- on a call (from 
th. tiiiu- th.- n-a.l.-r h.-inds his slip in 
.-it th.- d.-sk until the book is in his 
li.ind ) is ."!. 1 minutes. 

To handh- th.- 10.000 y.arly .lei-es- 

sioiis. to .■x..-iit.- till- iiiultitudinous 

(Turn to page 53) 










?"*.'. 5,?: g^i'm 




"and that's good news 
for the National Defense!" 

At Western Electric we're prmlucinii telejihone equipment for 
use now which normally would not be required for the Bell 
System's nation^ode ser\-ice for two or more years. 

jNIore than a year ago we befran to plan for the impendino; need — 
to make ready our people, our plants, our machines, our materials. 

So we're prepared when a rush order comes from L ncle Sam 
to ecjuip Camp Edwards or Camp Beaurejiard with adequate tele- 
phone facilities. Thirty million feet of wire? Yes, in a sinjile order. 

"More telephones for these new plants." is the urjient demand 
of aircraft manufacturers and other defense industries. Western 
Electric"s response cuts weeks and even months out of usual pro- 
duction schedules. 

So in this time of need, as in calmer days. Western Electric's 
long experience and manufacturin|z facilities are demonstrating 
their worth to the nation. 

Western Electric 

. . is bark of your 
Bell Telephone service 

May, 1941 





'I'wiiitv-six ((iiirMs, luir liiiiidrid 
.'jrid twiiitv tour sictioMs. thirty two 
liiiiiclr.d -.tuclriits l.ricf st.itis 
tic's npiirt til.' .■iirrnil st.itii^ oi tin- 
Kiiiliincriiiii l)(trrisc '('r.-iiiiini; l'ri> 

Till li(i;imiiiii'- i>t this Prcitiraiii 
( in the Manli isMic nf tin 
Ahmoiu K.\(iiNKH:ii. Aiitliori/.id liy 
the r. S. ()ffi<-,- of Kilucation .-.nil 
Hiiiiiicid l)_v tlif I' (iovirmiiint. 
tlir courses were started for tile pur 
pose of relieving tile shortage of 
engineers which now confronts the na- 
tion. Sliort-tinie, intensive instruc- 
tion, in specific subjects whicli apply 
directly to defense industry, is tin 
method which the Defense Training 
Program has adojitcd as an answer 
to this demand for teclmieally trained 

'I'lie first I'rogram lieg.ui larly in 
.laniiary: tlu- res])onse to it showed 
that there was a treiiiendons demand 
for training of this nature. Coiise- 
(pieiitly. after the Institute's regular 
second semester night-school hegan. 
the second Program was organized. 
KIcMii of the most useful courses 
from the first were ret.-iiried, 
and. after a study of th.- evident 
needs, tin new coursis were ])ro 
posed. The approval of the U. .S. 
Olliee of Kdueation was ohtained. 
•and. with the assist.anci' of .Mex.aiider 
.Selireiher. .\.I.'l'. ';17. a campaign 
was hegun to inform the eitv of Chi- 
cago of the new Program. F-etters 
and posters were si iit to i very manu- 
facturing establishment in the eitv. 
and to schools and libr.aries as well. 
A bulletin was [in par.d which listed 
the ccnirses, and g.i\e the prerequisites 
and specifications for each. This bul- 
letin, with .an explanatory letter, was 
sent to all members of the jirofes- 
sional engineering snciities in Chi- 
<;igo. The res])onse was imniedi.ite 
and great. .Ajiplieations poured in 
by tile thousand, .md .i st.ilV 
of interviewers recruited from the 
senior members of Pi Tau Sigma. 
honor.iry Mech:inic;d Kngineering fra 
tcrnity. The applicants for the sec 
ond I'rogram were bitter (lu.alified 

tii.iii those for th, first. i)roliahly be 
cause the [ire requisites for each course 
were sit forth specifically in the bill 
letiii. Only one out of each five who 
.ipjilied for the first Program )iro\ed 
to be (|ualified. while almost one half 
of thosi who sought places in the 
SI eoiid were el.-issified as eligible. 
Thanks to the \,ry effective public- 
ity, the Program attracted a large 
number of college graduates, with a 
respectable number of Masters and 
Doctors of various sciences. Some 
of the latter were immediately drafted 
into service as instructors. 

Class schedules were arranged by 
Dean Rogers, the director of the De- 
fense Training Program, who took 
over every room on both the Lewis 
and the Armour campuses which was 
not otherwise occupied. None of the 
regular evening classes was disturbed, 
but it cannot be said that any great 
length of time elapsed between the 
de|)arture of the regular evening stu- 
dents from their classrooms and the 
entrance of the Defense men 1 Inci- 
dentally, the enrollment in the regular 
cMiiing school, in the college credit 
ecmrses, was not adversely affected. 
The Defense Program has apjjarently 
brought into the night school an en- 
tirely new grouj). It is to be hoped these men will continue in their 
(irogram of self-development after the 
De tense Tr.iining Program has been 

The teaching staff in the new Pro- 
gram is .■igaiii eoiii|iosed of men taken 
from industry. .Vrnnuir alumni .-ire 
prominently represented, as they 
were \i\ the first group of courses. 
The designation of certain instruc- 
tors to ;ict .'Is "\iee presidents" in 
charge of their courses has 
proven very satisf.ictory, ;uid has con- 
tributed Very Largely to the success 
of the recogni- 
tion should be giMii to P.iiil .\. Carl 
ston.-. A. 1/1'. :!.!, .\I.i:.. for his work 
in the I'.leinent.ary .Machine Design 
course, .\mong his instructors in the 
second Program are <). Kliina, .V.I.T. 
■.it. .M.K., and A. Keatinii-, A.I.T., 'U'fi, 
M.K. A. n. Hrown, A.I.T,, 15, E.E., 

set U|) six new sections in Production 
Pl.inning, a course which bei-n in 
lireat demand. In spite of. or per 
iiaps because of, the fact that the 
wiirk in this course has been rigorous 
and demanding, with frequent quizzes 
.■mil time eonsinning homework, inter- 
est been niaint.-iined at .-i high 

Th. proof of success in these De- 
fense Courses is continued attend- 
•iiiee. since the student invests only 
his time, and takes away knowledge 
rather than academic credit. The 
first derivative of attendance with re- 
spect to time, to express the matter 
m.itlieni.itic.dly, is the criterion by 
which the excellence of the course 
.incl the instruction can be judged. 
If the slope of the attendani-e curve 
is /ero. or slightly negative, tlie situa- 
tion is or If the 
slope is large and negative, a revision 
of the course is necessary. If the 
slope is positive, the instructor is ex- 
ceptionally good and his material is 
well organized. Experience with the 
first Program indicates that the more 
difficult the course, the better will be 
the response. 

A course which was set up in an- 
swer to a very definite demand was 
Inspection and Quality Control. Some 
difficulty was experienced in finding 
instructors for this subject, and the 
assistance of R. M. Van \'alkcnburgli. 
University of Cincinnati, Coop, ':i6, 
was enlisted. .\ staff of instructors 
was obtained, and, working together, 
they laid out courses on elementary, 
intermediate, and advanced levels. 
Seven sections are now in progress, 
one being given especially for em- 
))loyees of a large company which 
finds itself making milling m.icliines 
and gun mounts instead of more 
jieaceful merchandise. 

Time and Motion Study is again in 
dem.and, and six sections are in prog 
ress, under the vice-presidency of 
.Mr. \'an \'alkenburgh. Tool Design 
is being given in six sections, under 
the general sujiervision of Professor 
.1. C. Kozacka. Four sections of 
Metallography .are being given, again 
under Professor Carpenter's guid- 

The .•innouneemeiit of the course in 
Plasties brought more two hun-j 
dred qualified a})l)licants, every one 
of whom possesses at least one college 
degree. Three sections were organ- 
ized, with three instructors who will 
rotate among the sections. Thus each 
section will cover the whole field, al- 
though the order will vary. Samples 
of hundreds of new jilastics have been 
sniiplied by leading m.anufaeturers, in 
forms r.iniriiiir from colored discs to 



suspenders and a pair of dice (confis- 
cated by the chairman of the Defense 
Training Committee). The great in- 
terest in Plastics can he traced in part 
to tlie fact that die-casting metals are 
becoming difficult to obtain because 
of priorities. 

Explosives is anotlier course which 
has drawn a large enrollment of 
highly qualified men. The first sec- 
tion, with more than sixty students, 
is in progress, with Mr. Edwin I. Cot- 
ter, chief chemist of the Goldsmith 
Brothers Refining and Smelting Co.. 
as instructor. Mr. Cotter, a graduate 
in chemistry from the University of 
Illinois, took the course in explosives 
given at the Federal Explosives 
School at Penns Grove, N. J., during 
World War I, and was cited for his 
work in explosives. Dr. Vasily Kom- 
arewsky of the Chemistry Depart- 
ment has attended a special course for 
explosives' instructors at Washington 
University, St. Louis, and will be pre- 
pared to give a later course in this 

A course which is unique in its con- 
tent and instruction methods is Ad- 
vanced Testing Methods, which is be- 
ing supervised by Dr. L. W. Wallace, 
Director of Research of the Crane 
Co. This course consists of thirty 
lectures on all phases of modern ma- 
terials testing, the speakers on each 
subject being the best qualified indi- 
viduals in the Chicago area. The lec- 
tures are being given on Tuesday and 
Friday evenings, in the auditorium at 
Lewis ; a smaller class room was 
quickly outgrown, and all comers can 
now be accommodated. 

Additional sections of the courses 
listed in the second Program are still 
being organized in some cases. \o 
further extensive evening programs 
are contemplated for the immediate 
future, although many of the courses 
in the first Program will be continued 
in advanced form through the sum- 
mer. The adverse efl'ects of good 
weather upon attendance in evening 
school indicates that an elaborate 
summer t\tiiing jivogram would be 

likely to encounter an adverse attend- 
ance-time derivative. 

The "accelerated" program, by 
which the regular engineering curricu- 
lum would be speeded up, with con- 
tinuous operation during the summer, 
has been abandoned, because of the 
vigorous protests of most of the en- 
gineering schools. Instead, many col- 
leges, with Illinois Institute among 
them, are planning to offer full-time 
Defense Training Programs. Plans 
are now being formulated for courses 
to train technicians for certain specific 
defense needs, in connection with the 
aircraft-engine plants which are now 
under construction in Chicago. In ad- 
dition, courses are projected by whicli 
technical high-school and junior-col- 
lege graduates can be given intensive 
training in the fundamentals of me- 
chanical engineering. Details on this, 
the third Engineering Defense Train- 
ing Program, will be announced as 
soon as plans have been worked out 
bv the Defense Training Committee. 
.1.1. Yellott. 



Charles Beach N'olte, a member of 
the Board of Trustees of Illinois In- 
stitute of Technology, died April 29, 

Mr. Xolte was president and direc- 
tor of Crane Company, Chicago, since 
193-5: he had the same posts with 
Crane subsidiaries, including Crane 
Company of Mexico; Crane, Ltd., 
Montreal; Crane Export Corporation; 
Crane Euamelware Company; Cana- 
dian Potteries, Ltd.; and Warden- 
King, Ltd. He was also a director of 
Trenton Potteries Company. 

Mr. Nolte was born in Mattoon. 
Illinois, in 188.5. He graduated from 
the engineering school of the L'niver- 
sity of Illinois, and subsequently 
worked as mechanical engineer at the 
University's Engineering Experiment 
Station. He joined the Robert W. 
Hunt Company in 1909, and was suc- 
cessively engineer, manager, vice- 
president and general manager, and 
])resi(lent, general manager, and mem 
ber of the boav.l of directors. 

He was a mrinlHr of tile 

Society of Mechanical Engineers, 
American Society of Civil Engineers, 
American Society for Testing Mate- 
rials, American Railway Engineering 
Association, ^^'estern Society of En- 
gineers, and the Newcomen Society ; 
and of the Chicago Engineers Club, 
Chicago Club. Union League Club. 
L^niversity Club, and South .Sluire 
Country Club. 

Funeral ser\ ices were held May 1 
at Bryn Mawr Community Clmrtli; 
burial was at Oak Woods. 


Doctor Cii-orge Lawrence Scherger. 
for thirty-four years a member of the 
.\rniour faculty, died March thirty- 
first, .after an illness of several months. 
He was sixty-six years old. 

Doctor Scherger was born in 
renceburg, Indiana. He took lli^ 
b.iclielor's degree at Indiana L nivcr 
sity. .and did graduate work at tlir 
L iiiversity of I.ii))zig. the I'niversity 
ol' Berlin, and Cornell Univtvsitv. 
wlier,- lu r,v. isril lii^ I'li.l). (l.-r.r. 
In lSfl<i lie idiii.d til. tanilty at 

Armour, and there he conducted 
classes in historj- mitil 1933. Begin- 
ning in 1929 he was assistant pastor, 
and later pastor, of St. Paul's Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church, and con- 
tinued his pastoral duties until his last 

Doctor Scherger was an earnest 
student and [jrolific writer on history 
and political science. His fluent and 
interesting lectures on history will be 
remembered by thousands of Arnuiur 

I' services were held at St. 
P.iul's Churtli. .\pril third, and were 
attended by a gathering of friends 
which taxed the capacity of the build- 
ing. The honorary pallbearers in- 
cluded CJovernor Green, Mayor Kelly, 
I'nited St.ates Senator Brooks, Clay- 
ton F. i^mith. president of the county 
board: Karl Kite], Carter H. Harri- 
•.(111, collector of internal revenue: A\'. 
A. Wieboldt, Oscar F. Meyer, and 
Doctor N'. Bundesen. Tin 
.ithci.ating elergyiiian was Doetnr 
l.uuis .\. (hx-IhI. |ir.sidrnt of tin- 
i:\;nmvli.-al r. II I h .■ r .a ii Synod of 

May, 1941 



L. J. Lease 

'I'lu- (i) ()|)frativ<- CoiirM- in Mt- 
ili.iiiical KiiiiiiKcriiijr. which startecJ 
Nonic (ixf ytars affo, foiiiul itself Jan- 
uary :i!). lilU. wlnii fifty-seven men 
were graduated. This was tlie largest 
jiraduating class in the jiistory of the 
Meehatiieai Kngineering Department 
of the Armour College of Engineering. 
.Many industries found themselves in 
l>o^^ession of valualile talent at a time 
will II it was much needed. Young 
uien. more valuable to them than oth- 
ers that eould he secured from outside 
sources at any price, were in positions 
of rcsponsiliility wlii<h were unusual 
for men just finishing their college 

One graduate took over the editor- 
shi)) of a company publication with a 
circulation of forty-five thousand; two 
others, the supervision of from tiftv 
to a hundred workers in a rapidly 
growing defense project. One stu- 
dent yet to graduate was made pro- 
duction manager of a division of his 
conip.inv at the end of his junior year. 
'I'lie history of graduates and their 
positions, only two months after grad- 
uation, would make an interesting 

.Success of any projiit is usually 
closeh' associated with the intelligent 
cooperation of the jieople resjjonsihle 
for carrying it forw.ard. 






F iniilanieutah 

'I'Hpe vf 




to Be 








I'l.iin nn'lling 


Forming, strad- 
dling, liohhing 


Working knowledge 
o f fixtures a n d 

liiiversal mill 

i ng 

slotting, slabbing 

gauges. Effect of 


facing. sawing 

material upon ma- 

Hand mill 

\irtical milling 

chineahility. Efi'ect 

.\utomatic mill 

and milling. 

of various coolants. 

llohhing mill 

(irubbing, n.irrou 

Elements atTecting 

Pantograph or 

groo\ ing .ind en- 

accuracy. Removal 

Kngraving mael 



of metal at high 

speed with accu- 

racy. Reasons for 

various types o f 


Heat Large oven-type Annealing 

Treating general utility fur- Hardening 
naees Tempering 

.Small oven-type Carburizing 
general utility fur- Nitriding 
naces Cyaniding 

Controlled - atmos- .Spheroidizing 
phere furn.ices Coloring 

Tempering furnaces 
Eorge furnaces 
R o t a r y general- 
utility furnaces 
.Salt-bath furnaces 
I.ead-pot furnaces 
( A]] with phyrome- 
ler control or indi- 

I'nderstanding o f 
the principles of 
heat treatment of 
))lain and alloyed 

Knowledge of treat- 
ment for cast irons. 
L'luierstanding o f 
causes for change 
in shape. 

Reason for selec- 
tion of specific type 
of furnace. 

The industries which have had the 
greatest success with this co-operative 
program arc the industries which have 
])ut more than a pay envelope into it. 
Many industries have a highly devel- 
c'|)ed plan of procedure for their pairs 
of students from the time they start 
as freshmen to graduation. Some also 
have a pay schedule, cither weekly or 
hourly, which carries definite periodic 
increases in pay over the five years, 
Tlic hours of work may be shortened 
during depression but the rates usu- 
ally are carried through. Some shop 
jilans require study of machines and 
processes on which the student must 
report, sometimes in class, sometimes 
in writing. .Such a program requires 
.in instructor or supervisor with whom 
the students must work or to whom 
the students must present tlie written 
reports. .Students in such industries 
have a feeling of belonging; they 
are usually boosters and have con- 
tinued to work for the companies with 
which they spent their college days. 

Most industries have much that 
may be learned in addition to the im 
mediate job and how to perform it 
correctly. Several industries use a 
plan like that shown in Table I, in 
which the student must learn things 
.about production tools and make re- 
ports. Under such a plan the student,? 
get the maximum education. Thev not 
only learn what the college has to 
offer but learn the maximum from 
their contacts in the factories. 

A very simple plan is shown in Ta- 
ble II. which also shows the pay in- 
creases. The works manager for the 
company using this plan made it his 
business to see the students once or 
twice each two months and discuss 
their problems. He has not lost anv 
graduates to another company. The 
students may not follow these plans 
in the order in which they arc set up, 
on account of varying conditions in 
the plants, but over the five years all 
the items would be covered. 

One company, in which the students 
work on processes rather than tools, 
requires a complete report on the 
processes involved and what the stu- 
dents have learned. These reports are 
long and detailed and the assistant 
chief engineer goes over the reports 
with the students just before they re- 
turn to college, correcting any mis- 
takes in thinking or writing. These 
students arc proud of their jobs and 
talk of the interest their company 
takes in them. 

The great majority of the students 
work on production in factories where 
they liave ample opportunity to learn 
processes, the handling of machines, 
and the handling of people. Sucli ex- 
perience leads naturally toward pro- 
duction types of jobs and many indus- 
(Turn to page 53) 



Why, it1s'33 lol",. 

even a BLIJVD MA^ 

could tell the difference ! 


JUST SOMETHIN& I .53 f i^E 5R5^v5 

Blended to mA»ce 


33 Fine Brews 

Blended to Make 

ONE Great Beer! 


Enjoy it in full or club size 

hollUi. bandy cam. and on draft 

at Ixlttr places eteryuhtrc. 

Copyrichi Iflll. 
i'abst Hrewinir Company. Milwautie 

May, 1941 


Uri-.aiM Ml iii.iiiy phfiiom- 
iii.i an- alitcti il hy tlu' tiinpcraturcs 
at wliii'li tliiy (xcur, tlic laboratories 
of tlif Armour Research Foundation 
demand no less than tifteen eonstaiit- 
teuiperature ehaml)ers of various 
types. These ranire from small elee- 
trieally eoiitroll.-d ovens to full si/e<l 
rooms, and tins numher does not in- 
clude the speeial ehamlnrs 
wliieli are erected from time to time 
for j)urposes. 

Olii- of till' most interestinii- of tiiese 

ehamlnrs is thi^i- eoiistant-tem 
jH-rature room huilt into tile seeoiul 
floor of the main Research Foundation 
huildinir and scrvinif the needs of the 
Experimintal Enffineerin<; Division in 
larjre-se.ile thermal studies. 'I'liis room 
is of tile jreneral size and shape of 
a two-car garage, with 270 .square 
feet of floor area and an in.side height 
of ten feet. Lined with cement and 
fitted with a floor drain, the room is 
surrounded hv a four-inch cork in 
sulation. The biy- thick double doors 

Room Simulating Extreme Conditions 
In Stratosphere Jumping. 


arc of tlie type used on cold-storage 
room.s. Over the inside walls, floor and 
ceiling are thermocouples, seventy iu 
all. These arc gathered into thick 
master cables and led through the 
walls to an adjoining room housing 
the temperature-measuring apparatus. 

The room has interior connections 
for steam, water and electric power. 
.Suspended from its ceiling are two 
large refrigerating coils hacked by 
air-circulating fans. The refrigeration 
mai-him ry is located in the basement 
of the building, but controlled from 
the master panel just outside the 
chamber itself. 

'J'liis spacious constant-temperature 
room might better be called an "arti 
ticial weather" chamber. It is capa 
ble of reproducing anything from 
glaring sunshine or a tropical down 
pour to a bitter cold antarctic winter 

The uses of such a room are manv 
Not long ago a small house, designed 
with modern insulation, was erected 
within it. The weather conditions 
were adjusted to the desired point 
and a powerful artificial sun was 
aimed at the only window in the 
house. Circulating water removed 
heat from the interior and conducted 
it outside for measurement. For davs 
the sun beat down mercilessly on the 
little house while instruments were 
read and notebooks were filled with 
ligures. M'hen it was all over the staff 
knew just how much of the sun's heat 
could be kept out by drawing down 
the window shades. 

.'sometimes the room is full of new 
iiniisehold refrigerators laden with 
butter, eggs, meat, milk, vegetables, 
and other good things, but woe unto 
the researcher who succumbs to 
temptation and disturbs the tliermo- 
roiiple in the fresh strawberries or 
salami, or who dares to touch the 
master controls which can "shift" the 
refrigerators from Tucson, .\rizona, 
to Fargo, North Dakota. On other 
occasions there may be a heating stove 
in the center of the floor, burning mer- 
rily while a multitude of tlieniioeou- 
ples in a surrounding shield 
measure the amount of r.idiated 
in various directions. 

.'^ome months ago the Research 
I'ouiid.ution cooperated in studies 
ot stratosphere parai'hute-jumping. 
W hen a man leaps out of an airplane 
it .•J."),000 feet he encounters Antarctic 
temperatures and a wind of perhaps 
-'DO miles per hour. I'nprotcctcd un- 
dt r these conditions he will freeze to 
• le.ith in a matter of minutes. Hence 
ureat care is needed in the design of 
liis clothing and fa<-e protection. To 
list these arti<les without risking; 
lives tli( big temiieraturc 
(Turn fo page 53) 


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OHUn In 43 frindpol OriM 

May, 1941 




\'\\v liiindrrd stroll-, frciiii .ill ovtr 
tlu- iiiiddl.- tli.y c-.niM- to Clii 
c-.-iU'.. .\ for tlir rni.w.d oT 
Cliic.-m-o\ ( tr.-ick .iiid tirld 
cl.issi,- TIIK Jl.I.INOl.^ TKt II 
HF.L.W (..\.MF..S. . . . I'll, V .•.nnc 
and set luw ri-i'ords in tin- re of 
a (•l.issic indoor tint (lii 
caiio is proud to call its ou n. .V tVw 
left with nic.lals and cups. One suf- 
fered ;i multiple fr.icture ol the .-inkK'. 
.\notlier was defcateil for tile first 
time in liis life. .Ml will nmendier 
tin- m.ft. 

."^ince tile mcrj;er of .Armour Insti 
tutc of Tei'lmolotiy and Lewis Insti 
tutc last summer to form tlie l.iri;est 
eniriiu'crinfi school in the L nited 
States, the well-known nanie of 
former years. T H K A R M () I' R 
TKCII RKI..AVS, has been chan.ned. 
No loss of |)restige, or drop in ,it- 
tend.inee expected, and none oc- 
curred. I'.vidence of contest.lllt inter- 
est is shoHii \\y the larfje rcfjistra- 
tioii. It is evident that file excite- 
ment and the ])restige of the Relays 
will continue to he a factor in liuild- 
injj f.avor.ahle puhlicily for the l;ir<;ir 

With |iress time for the .Mav issue 
of th, .\liM()[R HNdlNKKli AM) 
.VIAM.MS drawing close, it may 
seem .mticlimax to write .ihout .in 
event .already recorded in the ]i.i])ers. 
A revii w of st.-itistics .-md of entr.ants 
should. howeM-r. euiph.isi/e the ini 
port;inci- of the meet .-ukI liring to 
tli<- .-ittcntioii of alumni .md friends 
one o( the most outst/mdinj;- piicis of 
work <loiie hy the Institute in the 
athletic held. 

Tuder till- directi f .lohn .1. 

Sehonnner, the connnittee in ch;ir<ic of 
the (James provided a thriller. Co.ich 
Norman Root, track eo.ieli ol Tech 
thiiiclads, ))rovided the hest of Ir.iek 
manaiiemeiit. Spectators, three thou 
sand of them, never once felt im 
li.'itience or .mnoyaiK-c hec.iuse id' 
laiffiinjr events. 

.\ gl.inee .it the st.itisties i)rei)arcd 
in .1 twenty einht p.ige hroehure for 
distrihutioii to all te.ims ente.-ed re 
veals some strikiiii; f.icts. I'orty three 
eollenes .iiid universities registered 

some .-i(M) , tistants. Actually, ••!i:i 

.ithletes made the trip to Chic.igo for 
the (James March I.".. IIMI. There 
were 1(>7 e\ents in the col 
hue sec'tion ;ind !••{ iiidiv events 
in the iiiii\ersity section, not eountiiii; 
the rel.iys. One lliiils .'i I :! men 
eompetid in fT- events, 
ni.ikini;- l."> events per eonipetitor en 
tered. . . . Th.-it is ;i pretty stiff sched- 
ule for .uiy group of .-ithletes. 

Kiiough of statistics . . . its time to 
touch upon the high .spots of the 
meet. Three records Were established. 
.V voungster from I)r;ike University 
fr.-ietured his .mkle, ;is .already noted. 
.\ eowhov from N'ehr.isk.-i jinned he- 
yond .a ilouht that he w;is the lust of the year. 

Starting from the tail end of the 
summary, let's look upon the accom- 
plishments of Nebraska's little Gene 
Littler. Our acquaintanceship with 
the little mite goes back to the (iauies 
of litK) when he loomed as the d.ark 
horse of the meet, with no [irev ions 
record in the Chicago area, hut the 
proud possessor of a large number of 
jiress clip[)ings from the west. He 
ronijicd home last to tie records 
in the dash and win the quarter mile. 
(Jcne is redheaded and wears cowboy 
hoots which, to our way of thinking, 
must unduly punish his pair of mil- 
lion-dollar "feet, but he still seems to 
have but little trouble in winning the 
sprints. Commenting a bit further on 
his individual characteristics — accord- 
ing to some, he has been dubbed "Red " 
because of the fl.-imboyant shade of 
his hair — according to our version, 
jiromulgatcd by .lack .Morris of this 
department, be is known .is "Red 
because that is the shade of his op- 
|)oncnts' f.-ices after he finishes way 
out in front in the dash events. That 
is what he did during the thirteenth 
running of the (Janus. First of .ill. 
dene won tin- 7()-y.-ird d.ish in the 
college division, but not in record- 
breaking time, .although he is co- 
record holder for this event. L.iter in 
the evening he broke the record in 
the qii.-irter mile run .and finished 
piilled-np. w.ay ahead of the field, with 
a l!».-'i-second time tucked away. This 
time broke the record for this event 
established by Orville W.igner in 

The h.irdluek. broken .inkle hoy of 
the meet Nugent, Chieagoan, 
who .iltends Drake University. 
Rated as one o( the hest pole v.aulters 
entered in university competition, he 

drojipid from 12 feet in .in awkw.ird 
|)osition during his first try in the 
v.iult .111(1 W.IS removed to .Mercy hos- where Dr. .1. I- . McN.amara min- 
istered to him. 

.Michigan .ig.iiii walked 
.iw.iv with the coUegi- iliv ision cham- 
pionshi)) by an overwiu Iming |)oint of ->7. Northern Illinois State 
Te.ichers of De Kalh took .second 
pl.iee with •'!■'! points, and Coe Col- 
lege was ,1 close third with .'Vi points. 

In the university division Wiscon- 
sin tram])led roughshod over Illinois 
,ind .M.irquette to win with .a point 
total of fl-l |, while Nebraska, 
m.iinly on the merits of Littler, ))iled 
u)) 2.'i points for sixth ))lacc. 

The surjirisc of the evening came 
in the defeat of Hill Williams of Wis- 
consin, who the week before won the 
Hig Ten Conference pole-vault cliani- 
jiionship with a try higher than the 
existing Tech record. The win was 
sh.ircd by F'.dward Thistlcthwaite, son 
of the famous (Jlcnn, and Hob Kin- 
cheloe of Chicago. \\\- might add 
that Thistlcthwaite is current Tech 
record holder for this event, by virtue 
of a i:i foot, lll.s-ineh try in'li).'!!), a 
height he has not reached in competi- 
tiim since, .and that Hob Kinchcloc 
never before had even approached the 
height of i;5 feet, rt inches which was 
the winners' height in 1911. 

To get back to the record breakers, 
let's look at the hurdle eyents, where 
there seems to be sonnthing doing 
each year. First of all, the commit- 
tee in charge changed policy with re- 
spect to the low-hurdle events and, 
instead of the three flight 
afl'air, six hurdles were used in order 
to bring the meet's hurdle events into 
the same category with that of other 
meets. Here is where the vaunted 
Charlie Horvath of Northwestern and 
Hig Ten fame was taken into camp 
by .a newcomer, Robert Kahlcr of 
.Nebraska. He travelled the distance 
in 7.9 seconds to establish a new rec- 
ord for this event. 

In the low hurdles, however, 
Northw est( rn's Horvath lived up to 
his reput.ition ,is topflight hurdler of 
the Chic.igo .ire,i. In winning this 
event in the time of 8.9 seconds he 
triumphed over a teammate, ,)oe 
I'inch, former Tech Rel.-iys defending 
ch.-nnpion in this event. 

Tilden Tech of Chicago took away 
championship honors from Austin in 
the high-school relay Iiy travelling the 
distance of one li.ilf mile in 1 minute, 
:!.-). f seconds. 

Winston Rogers of Lincoln Uni- 
versity, college - division entrant, 
topjicd the high- jump bar at (! feet 3 
inches, to outjuinp .•mything that the 
iiniversitv division h;id to offer. 





1. One second 

2. One cycle of a 60 cycle per second > 

3. One-thousandlh of a second 

4. One-millionlh of a second. 


Lightning is a constant tlireat to transmissiaii 
lines. Westinghouse has constructed lightnin- 
arresters that protect the highest voltage 
.arrieJ, which is: 

1. 33-000 volts 

2. £.6.000 volts 

3. 220.000 volts 

4. 287,000 volts 


Great J.|.il. i. Lcii.- jitainc.l with electric rip 
using Westinghouse equijiment. To date. hole, 
have been drilled as deep as: 

1. 1200 feet 

2. 4800 feet 

3. Two and one-half miles 

4. Sii and one-third miles. 


ln>lalled in Philadelphia is the larsc^l s,nj;l, 
shaft steam-turbine generator ever conslruitcj. 
It was built by Westinghouse and can develop: 

1. 17,500 kw 

2. 72,500 kw 

3. 165.000 kw 

4. 850.000 kw 


The Seadrome Contact Light, developed by 
Westinghouse to facilitate night landing of sea- 
planes, is turned on and off by:, 

1. A man in a launch 

2. An electric eye 

3. Radio signals from shore 

4. A submerged cable. 


As pioneered in 1928 by Dr. Joseph Slepit 
Westinghouse Research Engineer, the Dei 
pr.nciple is concerned with: 
1. Faster, more efficient e.xlinction of ele. 

Try It Again! 

Regardless of how you came out on 
the last series of questions, here's 
another chance for you to see how 
familiar you are with important de- 
velopments in the field of electrical 

Optional answers are provided for 
each of the six questions listed at the 
left. Your task is to check the correct 
answer in each instance. To elimi- 
nate any peeking, the answers are 
jirinted below, upside down. 

If \ou get four out of six correct 
youll be doing all right. Five out of 
six passes you willi honors. If you 
should know all the answers you can 
give yourself a good pat on the back. 


2. A new method of charging for clei 

3. The theory of magneti-m 

4. Harnessing the power of the ai 

■£ ■>"¥ 

•E '"V 

■t '"y 

•V -"V 

sidpu.jj uoi.aii 

iqai-l taciuoj amojpcis 

roicjouo^ ouiqjni-mciis 

SoaiMQ 1!0 d.>.'(l 

sjai-.UJV ."U.uli|3i-I 

I'l^'SoiipsQ ai|j. 

■\\^stiMfiouse -^fS^' 




Pitrtidis,- I.n.t. l.y ( M.lnll.v. 

("hicaifo: I'.uk.iril .iiiil ( ciiM|i.iriy. 

li»K). xi - .iliL' l)ai;<s. 

'I'lu- roiiiaiitic siliool nl litrrary 
criticisiM. wliii-h n-ttards [HMtry a-, in 
spiratidii. i^ iiiclii}i(l to trrat tlic in 
Mstiiiatiiin (if Miiircc iiiatirial Hitli 
i()iit<Mni)t, or fvcii with ilcmiruiatidii. 
Siicli critii's do not siciii to rcalizi 
that a j)Oft must liavf inatirial with 
whirli to work. Fortunatrly. thi ir in 
Hiicncf si'i'ius to be on thi uanr: tHr 
instanci-, nohody seems to mind ae- 
knowledjrinjT that Shakes|)tari wrote 
|)lays to make money, and nsid .is 
source m.aterial whatever looked likt 
sulistantial capital. 

.Someliow or otller, critics are often 
not ahle to contemplate Milton as 
they do .Shakespeare. .'^ome. lik<- 
(ieorjrc \\. W'hitinir. will no so f.-ir .is 
to call it heresy when ;itl iin istin'.-itor 
lieirins to where Milton i;ot liis 
ideas. What .Mr. Whitin- and his 
hrethreii tiiink of an iiivestiii-itor who 
shows not only where .Milton not lii-N 
ideas, hut also where he trot his soc.ih- 
ul.ary to express tiiem. will he inter 
cstinji to hear. In his study Piirailixr, (Jrant .McColley has contrilmtrd 
largely to just this information. 

It was shown at the end of the List 
century and susj)ected lonsi before 
that .Milton drew his inspiration from 
books. Not only his ]) 
ideas, but his very descrintions of 
nature are literary. But it has not 
been grnorally recognized that Milton 
used the vocabularies of bis sources 
to a great extent. 

.Mr. .McColley shows .a .areful lit 
erary artist constructing his e|)ic out 
of his reading. How closely Milton's 
poetry |);irallels the source 
could not be guessed: it must be dim 
onstrated. .Mr. MeColhy deuKMistr.itcs 
thoroughly .ind s.itisf.aetorilv th;it 
Milton used tli( ideas .md even the 
voealiulary of other writers to eon 
struct his epic, and even to emistruet 
minor incidents and seems. Nowhen 
is it better shown th.ui in the discus 
sion of the dialogue on .astrononiv. 
which is Chaiit.r IX of Mr. M.Cn'l 
lev's hook. 

It is very e.isy to iii.ike such .1 
study as thi' a studv of source m.i 

36 .111(1 \ (>e;\- - deprcssinnly 
pcd.intie. It e.iii bi in.uh so t. dious only the resolute s|)eei,ilist will 
p.iy any attention to it. On tin otiu r 
h.ind. it be discussed in 
and liaphaz.ird fashion so that no t.ike stock in it. .Mr. Me 
(diley very ably avoids both (lan.i.<rs. 
His book is thorough and convincing 
in showing Miltiui s use of source ma 
ti but it is neither jiedantic nor 
tidious .iiid can therefore be reconi- 
inendcd to the geiur.-il student of 
Knglish liter.-iturc. 

Ill till second part of Paradise 
l.nsl. Mr. McColley reaches certain 
conelusions about the date of compo- 
sitiiui of .Milton's poem and of various 
p.irts of it. In general, his discussion 
seems (piite sound, although one m.iy 
wonder whether Hook IX, which eon 
tiiiiies the story of Book I\', was not 
written e.irlier than Book V. Stylist- 
ically it is closer to the Minor Poems, 
and furthermore it omits any mention 
of Kves dream in Book \ . which one 
would naturally suppose must be in- 
cluded in the ;ieeoiiiit of the 

.Mr. MeColley's iiiter|iretation of 
.Milt(Ui's thought, .ilthough it is only 
.1 side issue in this work, is more con 
Miitional than ])erhaps one might ex- 
pect. It will be interesting to see 
whether, when Mr. McColley has 
completed a like stiuly of Paradise 
iiff/ainrd and Sawson Agnnistes, he 
will not feel inclined to modify his 
A lews of Milton's closeness to ortho 
doxy. The tem])t.ation in Paradise 
Lost shows the triumph of 
ji.ission: the salv.itimi in Paradise 
l\e//ained is the s.ilv.itioii of p.ission 
h ss rationality. (Ine in.ay well won 
der whether .Milton's final answer in 
Samson is not the result of diss.itis 
faction with both [i.issioii .and reason 
in themselves. 

These objections are noted simply 
to suggest that there is much room 
for further work .along the lines 
shown by Mr. .McColley: they are not 
■it .ill .1 reflection on the iircsent work. is, and will jirobably remain, :i 
contribution to .Miltonic seholarsiii]) 
that nuist be reckoned with. Certainly 
Mr. McColley has rendered futile the 

objections of those who do not want 
to tliiuk that .^Iilton was so literally a 
literary poet, and who do not want tr 
think that, like any first-rate crafts 
man, he used every bit of his material 
with shrewd c.ilcni.ition of its ctTect. 
Onci the idea of the good, blind, old 
m.iii getting his iiispir.ition directly 
from .Miov( .111(1 (lict.iting it to .ittitii 
dinizing daughtirs is tin.illy out of 
the way. further investigation shoiiJdi 
he quite fruitful. .Viid future invest! 
.irators can liardlv avoid followini; .Mr 
MeColhy's lead." 

.S. .\. Nd(K 

Industrial Health, Asset or Lialdl 
III), by ( . (). .S.ippiimton. liidiistria 
ConiiiK ntaries. ( liie.ago. 

.Statistics indicate that illnesses 
proh.ibly cause fifteen times as mud 
interruption of work as do industria 
injuries. The average man loses 
seven and one-half days of working 
time a the .average woman, ovei 
ten d.iys. Dr. S.ippington's book is a 
plea for more serious attention ti 
this dr.iin on the national produetivt 
power, and he outlines quite simpl\ 
and clearly the organization and pro 
gram required. One chapter> 
with liealth services for the smal 
plant, giving costs and details of tin 
.irrangements by which in several 
cases groups of plants have availed 
themselves collectively of the p.irt 
time services of a physician .1111 
nurse. He recommends as tin- prin 
(•i| activities in an industrial he.iltl 
|irogr.iin the exann'nation of all incoin 
iiig employees to safeguard the eiu 
ployee's own health, to protect other 
employees from jiossible cont.igion 
and as insurance .against impropei 
el.iinis for compensation for oecupa 
tional hazards. After the employee !■ 
hired, there should be periodic healtl 
ex.iminations and the advice of .1 phy 
sician or nurse should be available 
whenever needed. In some firms it is 
fmind advisable also to furnish dental 
ind optometric services. 

In addition to overseeing tlu' usual 
dispensary and first aid services, tht 
plant physician should make a sys- 
tematic study for the prevention ol 
disease and injury, investigating and 
.imeliorating s])eci,il has 
.irds, guarding the ]) .against con- 
t.igions and e[iidemics .ind cooper.ating 
with liealth .luthorities in the com 

Or. .S,ippii|Mt,iM 1 inph.isizes the im 
portanee of the i>art played in health 
bv mental conditions ami reconunend 
for the larger plant the services of ; 
psychiatrist, and that in any plant 
the physician be one informed as to 
mental hygiene and sympathetic and 





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May, 1941 


undcr.staiuliii^ in jinalv/iiiii tin pmli 
liins of the employee. I'.iiliin cm tin- 
job is all too often tlie rcMilt u( 
anxiety over nionej- matters or fail 
lire in the outside life of the em 
|)loyee: a tactful and ex])irienei il 
physieian is required to aid the em 
ployee in these matters without ap 
jiearing to intrude on his j)rivacy. 

Speeifications for the ideal Indus 
trial physieian are jjiven. 

As a whole, the hook is intended for 
the lay reader and is a ))lea for tin- 
adoption of systematie iirojirnnis. At 
the same time, there an- in it sr\( r.-il 
eliapters of interest to all laynn n. sui-li 
as the rules for ))Iiysieal health anil 
i;u-ntal hvifiine and for the a\i>idaMri' 
of improper fatifrue. seattirc-d 
tlirouiili tile hook. An a|iprndix su)i 
pliis a numher of usi fnl forms for 
diajinosis and record. The hook is 
made more readahle In the free use 
of summaries and should ht- of much 
use to anyone responsilile for .-i liralth 
profiram in industry. 

H. P. Drrrox. 

M,,llnilr,/,il I'liii.u.s- of Occupaiioiial 

Dis.dsrs. h\ {'. (). .S.-ippin^4on. 

Industrial I'l.altli H..nk Company. 


()eeuj).-ition.-il dis(.-ises .-in .-imon^ 
the pi-n.-ilties ( xaeti-d hy our industrial 
svstcni. I'rim.-irily of c(nu'ern to .-i 
j)ortion of the employees in some in- 
diistrii-s, in their hroad as])eet they 
.-ire .1 challcnjie to the lomnuinity as 
.1 whole, .-md a w.-istc of human re- 
s(uir(-i-s. Nothiiur e.-in In- .-leconiiilislii-d 
liy ,-ittackiiin- the prolilem with no 
|)r(-|iar.-itioii other than emotional di- 
sir<- to j)rc\eiit distress. The mauiii 
tudr .-md tlu- imiiort.-ini-e of the m;itti-r 
.-,n suc-li as to ii.c-d iiit(-l li,t;vnt ellort 
on till- part of the worki-r. the em- 
ployer, the medical and li-g-.-il profes- 
sions, insurance organizations, and 
pulilie .lutliorities. The ideal to he an 
proaehed is, of course, complete pre 
\(-ntion. The d.iy-liy-day iiroecduri- 
should In- to n-duee the ineidenee of 
industrial diseases, to do .-ill th.-it is 
possihle to e:irt- .idi-ipiati ly for tln- 

sull'crers. .-md to |iro\ ide relief for the! 
(in,-iiK-i-il hiirdi IIS din- to the cost oi 
illm ss .iinl tin loss of earning })Ower. 
Tin un (lien h ual phases of occupa- 
tional diseases arc closely related to 
• ill the other phases. Moreover, in 
themselves they .irt- intricate and im- 
portant. Doctor ."^aiipinjiton's hook. 
of somi- four hundred pajres. indicates' 
how intricate and how important, .-ind' 
it shows impressive familiarity withj 
li.-i/.irds. teehniqucs. protective ineas-i 
iires. the statutes, and the decisions of( 
tin courts. It represents wide 
sian-h .111(1 i-xti-nsive experience. To 
an t-naineer it is satisfyiiifT in its lojf- 
ic.-il arrangement, its convincing cita- 
tion of authorities, and the large 
amount of jiertinent information con- 
tained in numerous appendices. The 
usefulness of the book is increased by 
its good bibliography, its comprelien- 
sive subject index, an author index. 
.-ind an index of case decisions. 

.1. B. F. 


AH'n-il Kaull'iiiaiin. President of 
Link I'nlt {. (Hnp.-iiiy. w.-is ( Iret.-d to 
membership on tin- ]?oar(l of Trustees 
April IK ]f)H. 

Mr. Kaufimann was horn in Ger- 
many, and came to the L'nited States 
at the age of three years. When six- 
tec n yc.-irs cilil. he worked as an ap- 
prc-iiliec for the ( Electric 
M,-iimf;icturing Com]) any: subse- 
(|U( iitly he was employed by Robert 
Hoc- .and Company, m.anufaeturers of 
printing presses. His formal educa- 
tion ill (iigineering was .at Pratt In- 
stitiiti ill Hrcioklyn. wln-rc- he- received 
I he M.l-:. (legrci- in IPOl. After 
ur.-idu.-itioii In- lu-c.-ime ,-i dr.-iftsman for 
Link lii-lt Conip.uiy, and h.-is been 
sueec-sNivc-ly superintendent of con- 
st riic-l ion. s.ilc s t-ngineer, assistant to 
tin- pre sich lit. iii.-inager of the Phila- 
.!• Iplii.-i p I .1 II t. viee-pre-sident. and 

)i|-e side lit. 

.Mr. K.iull'm.-inn's re-sidiiu-e- is in 
Chicago. He is a nunihi-r of the Clii- 
e-.-ige.. .South .*^liore- Country. Moss- 
moor Country. .-iinl I iidi.-iii.ipolis 
( e.uiitrv Clllhs. 

'AInor" Surface Temperature 


Kvory iiKimif.i. turer of furiuu'cs. ovens. knn9.| 
rofractoTi. -, jn-ii!:iti<in, friass. ceramics and 
other pj'"hi.i- ,is; w.'ii ;is laboratories, consull- 
insr en^'itif<i^ .in,i utiiers. should have thi^' 
pynnnotiT. kmmn as the "AInor" ryriKon. 

With it*J variety of interchangeable therrao 
ruuples it is a mo-st versjitile and handy ingtni-^ 
Tnent for all surface temperature applications; 
such as molds, platens, plates, rolls, cylinders 
and similar surfaces. 

Easy to use, direct reading, moderately 

priced. , 

Writ,- U.T lUilhAin i:27-C ii 


KNICKERBOCKER HOTEL no W. lluhhard street Chicago. Illinois 




After this number of THE ENGI- 
NEER AND ALUMNUS had gone to 
press, announcement was made that 
Mr. Wilfred Sylces, chairman of the 
policy committee of the Institute's 
Board of Trustees, had been elected 
president of Inland Steel Company. 


Here 15 ail elc\alcd water tank that 
lives a double lite. Its total capacity is 
60,000 gals, but one half of this amount 
is reserved at all times to operate an 
automatic sprinkler system that pro- 
tects approximately 160.000 sq. ft. of 
floor area from fire. 

The other 30.000 gals, of water is 
used for general water supply in this 
Eastern paper mill. Water is supplied 
from deep wells by electrically-driven 
centrifugal pumps, the tanks acting as 
a sort of surge chamber for the system. 
Water can also be taken from the public 
supply system when necessary. 

This is a typical ellipsoidal-bottom 
tank with a cone roof and structural 
tower, fabricated and erected by the 
Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. 


Woven, finished and coated to protect 
against wear and moisture, to resist stretch- 
ing and shrinking, and to prevent fraying 
at the edges, the Lufkin "Metallic" is con- 
sidered the best woven tape made. 



IP6 Lal.x 




On countless tough jobs 
GATKE Fabric Bearing Perform- 
ance approaches the incredible. 
Twenty times longer service. 
G5°o reduction in friction. 
Successful operation where 
adequate lubrication of metal 
bearings is impossible — and 
under shock loads that fatigue 
metal bearings. Journal scoring 

GATKE Bearing accomplish- 
ments are no more phenomenal 
than the bearings themselves. 
There is no other bearing like 
them. They afford wonderful 
opportunity for improvement 
that every man who operates, 
designs, or makes machinery 
should know about. 

Write for literature. 


bailee 7iii'^,'^ liearinjq A 


ilay, 1941 





(•.iitfifK ( rs cil AriiKiur. I.( wis .iiiil 
Illinois Tfcli will) liavc lit-tii (lr.ifti<i. 
or an- alxiiit to Ik- drafted, giv<> licicl. 
You may liavc failed to |)rocure di- 
fcriiu-nt; this may liavr Intii due to 
your neglect or your ()atriotisiii. or 
to the neglect or patriotism of your 

You engineers that have "jumped 
the gun ' and enlisted in the air serv- 
ice or any hrancli of the L'nited States 
service that does not involve your 
abilities or skill as engineers, |)ay at- 

'I'lie re(]Uests to tliis di |),irtnieiit for 
engineers are numerous. The army 
and the navy seek them ,ind so does 
industry. The conijjetition for June 
gr.iduates and experienced engineers 
is lively. Starting salaries have heen 
hid up and wages all along the line 
have heen raised. For the .hine grad- 
uates there have heen many attractive 
offers for men at ^1.50 to .fl7-5 ])er 
month. The demand for engineers is 
greater than the supply. 

Those who enter the governmental 
service are not available to industry. 
Many professors who teach in engi- 
neering colleges have left the teaching 
field to enter the service of the gov 
ernment or industry .iiid so now a 
serious drain on the teaching staff of 
engineering colleges is felt. 

Secretary of War Haker .said that 
during the World War it took eighty- 
seven men l)ack of the line to keep 
thirteen men .it the front fighting and 
to take e.ire of the civilian nec<ls. 
Think of the e(|uipment now needed 
liy fighting men. It takes seven 
rifles per yiar for a soldiir .at th( 
front. Hi); guns In tired lint a 
few hundred times hefon- thev must 
hi- rehored. Think of the guns, hat 
tie ships, .lirpl.anes. ships, motorized 
e<|uipment. clothing, food and count 
\: ss otiiir essentials necessary to wa-ie or prepare for it. Equipment 
wears out. is lost or destroyed. Think 
now .also of the needs of civili.ans. 
Thev arc now treated the same .is 

eoriil.;.t,nits. They .in hlasted l.v 
hmg-range guns. air})lanes and even 
must he ))roteeted from some within 
their own ranks. (ias masks, guns, 
fire-fighting equiimient .and many 
other essentials must he provided. 
The .achievements of science that were 
used for the comfort, luxury and ne- 
cessities of man now are turnt d 
against him for his destruction. Think 
of the enormous amount of ciinstrue- 
tion that is necessary. Think of the 
enormous amount of prodnetion 
is necessary. Think of the pl.ins, the 
designing, the research, the testing, 
inspection, the inventive skill neces- 
sary for otfensive and defensive meth- 
ods. This all means engineers ,ire 
necessary and essential. 

I heard Mr. Sloan of deiu-r.-il Mo- 
tors say that during the early Roman 
wars it cost seventy-five cents to kill 
a man. In the World War the cost, 
he s.iid, rose to .^2.5.000 to kill ,i man 
and he exclaimed that the cost in this 
war. if we actually go into it, and 
the gigantic scale of mechanized 
equipment planned is achieved, the 
cost to kill a man would he ■*7.kO()0. 
This means that the shift is steadilv 
going from military manpower to 
more and more mechanization. It 
means that more .-iiid more engineers 
will he needed for desii;ning. draft 
ing. invention, testing and i)roduction. 
To illustrate Just how hadly Kng- 
land right now needs engineers, 
(hurchill two months .ago s.iid hi' 
would rather have lO.OOO graduate 
engineers from .\meriean colhijes 
than 1 .()()(),()()() .\merican soldiers 
fully equi])ped. He needs them for 
rese.irch, designing, testing, invention 
.ind production. He needs them for otfensi\e .and defiiisi\' 

Where are We going to get all the 
engineers the country needs.' .\e 
cording to searches made and recentlv 
jiuhlished there are ap))roximatelv 
IJ.OOO engineers to he graduated this 
June in the L'nited .States and Cm 

;ida, .md wi mow are o\er Kl.Odll en- 
gineers short of what we need. It 
t.ikes four years of successful hiiili 
school training in an accredited hiijli 
school at which a student takes tin 
|)roper courses, which include physic- 
mathematics, and chemistry. It then 
takes four more years of hard work 
at an accredited engineering colhgi 
to produce a B. S. in engineering 
Some students study a year to three 
vears longer, taking a master's oi 
doctor's degree. After this, seven 
more years are spent in industry, ii 
training courses, to prepare an 
gineer for his life's work. Yet yoi 
engineers, for patriotic reasons, joii 
the army or navy for fighting and noi 
for technical work. The draft hoards 
due to patriotic reasons or misunder 
standing of your worth and the ditti 
cultv of your replacement, send yoi 
into the service to carry a gun. .Man> 
industrial organizations fail to real 
ize the situation and from ignorance 
fear of the Government and for ; 
show of jiatriotism refuse to ask foi 

So now pay attention ! I want al 
vim engineers from Armour, Lewi.' 
.ind Illinois Tech. about to be drafted 
to .isk for deferment. If you havt 

WANTED— M. E.'S, '26-'38 

Foremen and Supervisors 
needed for plants being built 
and operated in West and 
Middle West by large com- 
pany tor U. S. Government. 
Write tully covering experi- 
ence. Box II, Armour Engi- 
neer and Alumnus. 



joined the army and navy as draftees 
or if you liave voluntarily enlisted, 
write our Placement Office so that we 
may keep a record of where you are 
in service as a soldier. Then when 
the Government or industry needs 
technical men for technical or engi- 
neering service we shall know where 
you are. If we actually enter the 
war and start fightins;, this available 
information will do much to save time 
and confusion when engineers are 
needed for technical service. 


Director of Placement. 

Editor's Note 

After we had sent this article to the 
printers, we received a press release 
from the Cook County Headquarters 
of the Selective Service System. It 
bears so directly on Professor Sehom- 
mer's comments that we quote a por- 
tion of it, in the words of Paul G. 
Armstrong. State Director: 

"For the defense of our countrv', an 
idle machine is no better than a regi- 
ment without arms. In procuring men 
for military training, it is important 
that we do not take men from either 
industry or civilian life who are 
needed in their present .jobs for the 
national health, safety and interest. 
Industry must be particularly careful 
not to deplete the production machin- 
ery of the country. If a man has had 
special technical trainino; — either in 
school or in the shop, if he is now 
in part-time training at a trade or 
technical school, he may be badlv 
needed, either now or later, in the na- 
tional production effort. Every em- 
ployer is therefore patriotically bound 
to assist in securing deferment for 
men whose special skill or training is 
vital to industry until after the re- 
arming program has been completed. 
I do hope that all employers will put 
aside the false idea that it is unpatri- 
otic to request deserved deferment for 
a registrant in spite of his importance 
to industrv." 

Make this booklet part 
of your drafting equipment 

IT*S FREE • This 16-page booklet shows the proper methods of 
indicating more than 30 different types of bolts, nuts, rivets and 
other standard machine fasteners on assembly and detail drawings. 
It will fit inside your drawing instrument case for handy reference. 
No dimensions nor specirications ore given, but merely the sim- 
plified representations of fasteners which most draftsmen employ. 
More than 30,000 students, instructors, and professional drafts- 
men have requested and recei^ ed this booklet. Your copy is free 
for the asking. Just drop a card to our Port Chester address. 

RB&W EMPIRE Fosteningi, well know 

confmenfa/ railroad was built, ha\ 

industry for almost c 

even when the first trans- 
been used throughovf 




Illinois Institute of Technology is 
developing plans for a conference to 
be held annually in October, on an 
engineering subject which may In- 
varied from year to year. Power pro- 
duction, transmission, and consump- 
tion, which are discussed in the 
Midwest Power Conference, held an- 
nually in April, will not be included 
ii! the fall program. 

The subject for 19H is to be AIR 
PORTS, and the tentative dates are 

(Mober 30 and 31. Besides such 
obvious problems as grading, surfac- 
ing, and drainage, it is expected that 
there will be discussion of building 
construction, administration, fire {)ro- 
tection, lighting, communications, and 
transportation of passengers to .-ind 
from the field. Information received 
from officers of jiirlines and from pub 
lie officials indicates that th.' subject 
t:. of great current interest and that 
the conference should be of real \.ilui-. 
Comments or suggestions may hi- 
addressed to Thk Armour Exgixkku 
AND AuMNis, for the attention of the 
conference director. 



May, 1941 




A. H. JENS, '31 


'I'll.- tir>t m-.i(iii.itiiii; cl.iss ol Ar 
iiiDur liistitutr ciiiitriluitc N tlu- c.-iiKii 
(late lor tlii- man (il tlir iiiiiiitli. In 
ISSlT William I'ai-iio Sim^ iimmitcil 
the .stasrc of Armour Mission and rr 
ctivfd his (liirr.c as a Ha<-litlor of 
Sci.-iic- in the ilr|)artmint of I'.lcc 
trii-al Kn^nni rrinu. I'rom that ino 
mint this m.ati has moved forwanl 
until today W stands at the \. rv h. ad 
of liis profession. 

Two strains apprar throuiihout tlu- 
carter of Mr. Sims. Oiu' is his con 
flection witli na\al and military .af- 
fairs, .111(1 the other his eiintiiiiious 
rise in the ciiLiineerini;' |ircifession. He horn in (ireni 15;iy. \\'iseonsiii. 
on Septemlier II. I.ST-"i. His |)\ 
■•(lucation nee i\ed in Chiciu'i" |inli 
lie schools .and e.irh in the nineties 
he was jtradii.ated from the Chie.iiio 
.Manual Trainini; .'^ehool. 

I'.nterini; Armour with the first 
class in IS!i:i he ■;-r.-idii.itid 111 
lKil7. Later, in liK).!. he was awardeil 
the dciirce. Kleetrie.-il 
I'luiiini-er. H. m.arried to Hos.i In Oetolier, liHKi. 

.Mr. Sims niilit.irv .and rec 
ord shows that he sirvcd in lioth tlie 
navy and in the army. He was a 
inemher of the Illinois lieserve 
from IHJIt to I.SitK. He look .letive 

p.irt ill the Sp.inish .\iiierie.iii, 
lirst .as .1 noncommissioned ollieer in 
the .\rinv .and hater .as Second I. leu 
tenant. Second [' . S. I'.niii 
neers. .\fter serving' with the .\rmv 
of Occup.ation 111 Cuh.i h. returned to 

( omm.indi r .and Cliuf Knjiinccr. He 
held the rank of .Major in the Illinois 
Uiscrve Militia from li»17 to liU'O. 

.Vfter !;radiiation from Armour .Mr 
.Sims .assist.aiit eni;iiu-er for the 
(';,! T. hphoiie (■oiupany. He 
held .1 iiositlon with the Chi- 
e.i^ii halison C'omp.any from I Mil I to 
liMlC when lu hee.aine .imlneer for tin 
Ho.ird of .Su|)er\ isiiiii F.nniiieer' 
stuilyinu the C'liicai;o traction |iroh 
leni. In 1!>I1 he entered the Stom 
and W fhster Knirinicrini; Corpor.atior 
as iiinst ruction enn'inecr. His tirsi 
eoniKctiiMi with the (dmmonwi 
I'dlson ( ompaiiy came in li)I() wliei 
he ser\eil ill the capacity of field <n 
^iiuar. He continned in this positioi 
until 1!)2S) when he was in.idi- assist 
ant enLjincer of the Insldi- I' Hi 
X ishui. He m.ide eiiiiineer n! 
this division In lii^JI) .ami In lii.'i'J he 
I'.amc chief electrical eniriiieer: thi^ 
position he holds today. 

.Xciainipanyini!; his steady 
the eiiiiineerina; profession hi- 
eontinuiiii; interest in j)rofessi( or 
H'.anizations. Accordinufly he liec.niK 
identified with many uroujis which in 

the L'nited St.ites .and Idcnlitied elude the followinij: I'ellow. Tilt with the Illinois Heser\e American Institute of I''.lectrical Kn 

<lurin,!i; two )ieriods. 1!HK) I'.tdt .and i;ineers; Munher. The Western So 

]S)07-1!M<!. He ntired from this ciety of Kngineers; Director. Klcctric 

Serviia- with tin- r.iiik of .\ssoeiation of Chic.a'io: Director 



Utilities Researcli Coinniissioii ; 
Chairman, Committee on Electric 
Switching- and Switehgear, Associa- 
tion of Edison Illuminating Comi)a- 
nies; Member, National Committee of 
the International Electro-Technical 
Commission; Member, Electrical 
Standards Committee, American 
Standards Association. 

Early in the century, when the Ar- 
mour Alumni Association numbered 
only a few men Mr. Sims was one of 
the energetic spirits that kept things 
moving. He was president in 1901 
,111(1 I!H)-.'. In l!i;!8 he was elected to 
the Hoard of Managers to represent 
the class groups. 1897-1902. 

Because of his great interest in 
Armour affairs and because many Ar- 
mour graduates have worked with Mr. 
Sims during the past forty-five years. 
Armour men will be interested in 
knowing that his son, William Ed- 
ward Sims, Purdue, '35, is following 
a similar career. He is now on active 
duty as an engineer officer on the de- 
strover, U. S. S. Crosby. 

Mr. Sims is a member of the Union 
League Club of Chicago, the Naval 
and Militarv Order, Spanish-Amcr- 
can War, and the United War Vet- 
erans. He is a charter member of the 
Armour chapter of Phi Kappa Sigma 
P'raternity. His residence is at 6.33 
Thatclur Avenue, River Forest, Illi- 


In the past year much valuable as- 
sistance has been given to the Alumni 
Editor by Armour men and otliers not 
connected with the Institute. Contri- 
butions have been received from re- 
mote points on the globe, and this has 
made the Alumni section of the En- 
(iiNKKit AND AuMNUs a rccord of 
.\rni()ur men everywhere. 

In recognition for their valuable 
assistance we express our thanks by 
listing some of the individuals who 
have made our work easier. 

Perhaps the greatest assistance was 
rendered by Harry P. Richter, C. E.. 
'32, who. although without title, acted 
in the capacity of Associate Alumni 
Editor. Others include: J. H. De 
Boo, M.E., '35; R. M. Krause, M.K.. 
31; President Henry T. Heald: C. .1. 
.lens, F.P.E.. '32;" Professor .1. B. 
Finnegan ; .1. .1. Schommer. Cli.K.. 
'12; Eugene Voita, Arch., '25; G. B. 
Perlstein, Ch.E.. '10; R. M. Hender- 
son, E.E., '02; B. ,1. Weldon, F.P.K,. 
'30; C. W. Dunbar, F.P.F... '3,S; K. 
K. Freeman, F.P.F. . '37; W. ,1. Talla- 
fuss, Ch.E., '36. 

Many others might be singled out 
for their help, and more especially 
the staff in the Alumni Office who 
were always at hand to siip))ly tlir 
missing data. To all of these niir 


\\u KiiiisiiA.M, l>',ii\VAiii) .1., .M.E., is a .Me- 
eliMiiieal Kngiiioer fur the Fuel & Heat 
Kiifiineering Co., 1+.54 Hood .\ve., Ciiicago. 
His home is at 9+29 .liistine Street, Chi- 


.McCr-vckin, Wai,i.ace, E.E., of Hamil- 
ton, Montana, passed awav on N'ovemlier 
k 19+0. 

Wanner, Franklin, M.E., who is Heal 
Estate Broker with (^uinlan & Tyson, 1.571 
Sherman St., Evanston, has recently moved 
ti> 1533 Chase .\ve., Chicago. 


XiNi), .loiiN Nkwton, iM.E., is President 
of tlie Nind Realty Co., 200 Division Ave., 
Grand Rapids, Michigan. His residence 
is .532 Gladstone Ave., Grand Rapids. 

Tompkins, George D., C.E., has retired 
from business and may be reached e/o 
R.F.D. No. 1, Montague, Michigan. 


Doi'TiiiTT, Merton .T., C.E., is Utilities 
Officer at Fort Custer, Michigan. His 
temporary address is 32 Wiltshire Ave., 
Battle Creek, Michigan. 

Woi.TEHs, George P., Arch., is connected 
with Willnir Watson & Associates design- 
ing the Ravenna Ordnance Plant, Ra- 
venna. Ohio. He resides in Hiram, Oliio. 


CiODKREV, Frank O., E.E., who is in the 
Engineering Dept., Illinois-Iowa Power 
Co., Decatur, Illinois, has recently moved 
to l(i+ N. Summit St., Decatur. 

Pashi.ey, Ervin S., Arcli., lias recentlv 
moved to 831 S. W. Vista, Portland. 


Gougi.e'r, .Icdson H., M.E., is Associate 
Mechanical Engineer for the U. S. Navy 
in the Marine Diesel Dept. of Fairbanlis 
Morse & Co., Beloit, Wisconsin. He is 
living at 82T Central .Vve., Beloit, Wis- 

.Tones, Harvev W., C.E., is the Wash- 
ington Representative for T. C. Field & 
Co., 823 Colorado Bldg.. Washinuton, 1). C. 


Anderson, Seymour Clarence, C.E.. 
wlio is a Construction Engineer with the 
Standard Oil Co. of Kentucky, 7+2 Mari- 
etta St., Atlanta, Georgia, has changed his 
address to .3499 Roswell Rd., Atlanta. 

Erickson, George C, E.E., conducts his 
own business as electro-chemical radium 
technician at 30 N. LaSalle Street, Chi- 

Geisler, Rupert .1., C.E., is emi)Ioyed 
as Sales Engineer for A. H. Dobler & 
Associates, .548 Railway Exeliange Bldg.. 
Chicago. He is residing ,it the Illinois 
Athletic Clul), Ciiicago. 


Frakv. Paii.. F.P.F... iKissed away on 
N'ovemlier 2(), 191U after a sudden illness. 
The Enginier extends its deepest sym- 
pathy to Mrs. Frary and his daughters. 
Frances, Blanche and Gertrude .\nn. 

1 iNiiarisT, .losKi'ii B., .\rch., resides at 
1701 Mellodv Road, 1 ake Forest, Illinois. 


IliiuiA..!. (1 OIK C. ( liF... «ho is T.tIi 
iiicil Din-etor. Developiiienl D.-lil. Wood 
Conversion t'o., in.iv be i-e.iched a( ILpk 
l.5(i. Cloiiuet. .Minnesota. 


Nac.i.i:. .Ioiin Ice. CI-"... is now eiii|>lo\ ril 
ill Wasbillgtoii. n. C. He design, -,1 the 
Lincoln Memorial Bridge over the I'olo- 
inac River, eoiineetiiig tlie I iiieoln 
Memorial and the approach to .\rliiigtori 

Cemetery, lli- is now in charge of certain 
|ih.ises of the design of the air bases on 
the areas ari|iiirecl rernith' from Great 


.\r.macost. Wilbur H., M.E., who is 
Design Engineer, sujierheater and eeono- 
niizer division, Conibii.stion Engineering 
Co., Inc., 200 .Madison .\ve.. New Yorii 
City, is now residing at !•") Pophain Road. 
Searsdale, X. Y. 

Farrier, Clarence W., .\reh., is .Asso- 
ciate Regional Coordinator, Office of 
F^mergency Management, Division of De- 
ft use Hoii'sing Coordination, 1600 Eye St., 
X. W., Washington, D. C. His home is 
at .'117 .St.-iiiley Ave., Mamaroneck, K. Y. 


Harvev. .Ia.-mes D., C.E., is in business 
for himself under the name of James D. 
Harvev & Co., Real Estate Sales, Loans 
& Management. 10 S. La Salle Street, 


M.uiTiN, Ihi. ( ., C.F.. who is General 
Manager, Woodward Governor Co., 211) 
Mill Street. Rockford, Illinois, mav be 
re^ielied bv R.F.D. No. 2. Rockford, Illi- 


RegensbuhgeRj RiciiARn W., M.E.. is 
Sujierintendent of the Xeuhoff Packing 
Co., Xashville. Tennessee. His home is at 
3()22 Saratoga Drive. Xashville. 


Bird, Harlan W., M.E., has recently 
changed his address to 22.33 N. Bucking- 
hfini St., Lee Heights, Arlington, Vir- 


/;; patt-nt lazv open to engineering 

or lazv school graduates! 
.\ comprehensive course in Patent. 
Trade-mark, Copyright and Unfair 
Competition Law. May be taken 
either as candidate for degree of 
M.P.L. or not as candidate for de- 
gree. Prepares for patent agree- 
ment examination, and given by 
members of Chicago Patent Bar. 
Meets once a week, Wednesdays. 
6:30 to 9:20 P. M. Registration 
begins October ist. 

The John Marshall 









For Cololoo. recom- 
mended list of pre-legol 
subieds, and booklci 
Preptuolion" oddresi 
Edward T Lee, Deon 

315 Plymouth Ct., Chicago, III. 



noon— 3'a yeors 
ys... 4:30-6:30 


ing — 4 years 
, Wed., Fri., 


1 yea 


ice courses 


ourses lead 


years' college 
t required for 


classes form 
ept. and Feb. 

May, 1941 


(iiASK, Dkhwoou Si'MNKR. C.E., Is fariii- 
iii); near t'harli)tl<'svillr, \'irj»inin, uiid may 
lit" reached at Box |:J13, I'nivcrsity Sta- 
licm. Charlotte'-ville, \'ir};iiii«. 

1' ASSKTT. Hklkx I.oiisi:. Arch., is Drat'ts- 
iiiaii for Smith, Hinchman & Grvlls, Mar 
.|iictte HIdjr.. Detroit, Michifian. She is 
residing' at KiOl K. .JefTerson St., Detroit. 

l{o.sB.\CK. I.KK H.. t".E., is Captain in tiie 
Office of the (Quartermaster C.eneral of the 
V. S. .Vrmv. He is stationed in Wasli 
injrton. D. r. lli> home is at ls\r, I.eland 
Sf.. Chevy Chase. M.i r> l.irid. 


CArij:v. Frank W., Arcti., is practicinfr 
architecture at 1.519 Ilinnian .\ve., Evans- 
ton. Illinois. This is also his home address. 

{Jii.BKRTSox. tloRuoN .\., Cli.E., resides 
at ISW ith Street, Muskefron, Michigan. 

HiMKLV. Mark A.. M.K., is Sales Ap-nt 
& Uepresentative for I.aBour Co., C. H. 
iliint & Son, Aurora Pum[> Co., Melton 
Hoy Pumps, 21. Connnerce St., Xewarii. 
Xe«- .Jersey. His home is at Iiii Park 
.Xveiuie. East Oranpre. New .lersey. 



I'liiKiK. Mvx. .M.K., recentiv moved his 
otIi<-e to Suite ITili)" lUd^'.. liin 
N. I. a .Salle .St.. Chicafro. He is a memlier 
of the firm, Enpene and Max Fulirer. 
.Architects & Engineers. 

HrwALDT. Hkixiioi.i> H.. E. ]■'.., is Sales 
Eiifrineer for Northern Indian.i Pulilic 
Service Co.. .52l>.-. Holiman. Hammond. 
Indiana. He resides at (it_'_' Forest Am- 
nue, Hammond. Indian.i. 


Hvuwooi.. K.. F.P.E.. is liviii.- 
at 2.-.21 E. (;ienoal<s Blvd.. Glendale. Cali- 
fornia. He was recently made I'nderwrit- 
inj; Manager, Pacific " Dept.. Eederati-d 
Hardware Mutuals. Us S. Hill St.. l.os 
Anpeles. California. 


HvLDWix. \V. IIm... I.P.E.. is .Special 
.VgcMt for the New "^'ork fnderwriters 
Insurance Co., :il2 (iuardian Bldg., St. 
Paul, Minnesota. His residence is at 2M 
P'.asf .Wrd St.. Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

(iRKi.v, I oils S., F.P.F;.. was ordered to 
active duty as Captain in the Corps of 
Engineers. C. S. .\rmy, at Camp Shelhv. 
Mississippi, as of .Taniiary 17, 19H. 

WruB. EnwAHo Francis. C.E., is em 
ployed on one of the National Defense 
Housing ))ro,iects in \'aM.-i.i. California. 
He mav he reached .il P. O. Box 1112. 
Vallejo. California. 


IIa.m.mkr, Hovt Mills, P.P.E.. is resid 
iiig at 292(1 Felt/. .\ve.. Cincinn.-iti. Ohio. 
He is employed as Special .\gent for the 
Fidelity & Guaranty Fire Corp.. (i2t Dixii- 
'rerminal Bldg.. Cincinnati. Ohio. 

McI.ARK.v. S. .losKi'ii .Jr.. F.P.F... is now 
in charge of engineering for Crimi \ 
Forster. Ereeport. Illinois. ,ind lives at 
I.'iliK W. Harrison St.. Ereejiort. 

.Mri:i.M.B. Harold Ciiari.ks. .M.E.. who 
is General .Manager. The Powers Uegul.i 
tor Co.. 2720 Greenview .\ve.. Chicago, is 
now residing at 1277 Forest Glen Dr.. N.. 
Winnelka. Illinois. 

NiiMorni;. Paii. .\ii,isi-. M.F... is S.ilrs 
.Manager for Container Corp. of .\merica. 
2017 W. 7tli St.. Fort Worth. Texas, and 
his home is at 2711 Greene. Fort Worth. 

\\'i:rrLKv. Erkkiiarii E., M.E., is in husi- 
ness for himself as P.ilent Draftsman & 
ReL'istered Patent .\tlornev. Hoom ir.4-2. 
•Vt W. .laekson Blvd.. Chicago. He is now 
living in his new lioine at 7n.-i8 N. 
Ave.. Chicago. 


Sales and Sennce 


Class of 1912 

3860 Ogden Avenue 

Chicago, Illinois 

Crawford 4100 






Automotive Clutches 

6558 S. Menard Ave. Chicago, III. 

earing Service 

General purpose bronze bush- 
ings — Special bushings, plain 
or babbitt lined, to your blue 
prints — Bronze cored and solid 
bars — Laminated shim sheets — 
Bearings rebabbitted. 


I icfory 2488 Calumet 4213 

1923 S. Calumet Ave., 

Chicago, 111. 

Building SupplI 






HEM. 3300 

"The Only Yard in the Clearing District" 

ilding Construction 





Soren N. Nielsen. President 
Eller R. Nielsen, '16, V.-Pres. & Troas. 

Candles and Cigars 

Compliments of 




233 West 63rd Street 


Phones: Englowood < 2489 




Wholeaale Confectionera 




3211 Ogden Ave. 









822 E. 42nd Sf., Chicago 

THcphonfi: ATL.intlt 0011. 0012. 001.1 




.Maki.uw. NuiiciLAs H., M.E., is an 
Instructor in Machine Drawing at Schurz 
High School, Cliicago. His wife recently 
presented him with a son, Paul Thomas, 
jn March 6, 19 U. 

Pacx.vhd, Robert W., C.E., is in the 
Production-Operating Dept. of R. R. 
Donnelley & Sons Co., 350 E. 22nd Street, 
Chicago. His home is at 77.53 Saginaw 
Ave., Chicago. 

I'l Kii.KH, l.Awiit.Nci: F., E.E., is now 
Junior Mechanical Engineer, Calumet 
Sewage Treatment Works, Sanitary Dis- 
trict of Chicago, 126th St. and Cottage 
Grove Ave., Chicago. He was married 
in June, 1939, and is living in his own 
home at 144:30 S. Michigan Ave., River- 
dale, Illinois. 

Reutter, C^vhl J.. F.P.E., who is Fire 
Insurance Engineer for the W. A. Alex- 
ander & Co., 13.5 S. La Salle St., Chicago, 
resides at 9909 S. Bell Ave., Chicago. 

Concrete Breaking 

Phone: Normal 0900 

Chicago Concrete Breaking 



Removal of 

• • • 

6247 Indiana Ave. Chicago, 111. 

Consulting Engineers 


For All Purposes 

t Natur; 
ToU..: \^r 

To Ui.: ■{ 5^,"= ""° "" > A. Fuels 

ducer Gas 


308 West Washington Street 

Chicago, Illinois 




Merchandise Mart 
Superior 7811 








MOHlMvk S.'!,"^ 


Costumcrs to the ARMOUR PLAYERS 

Drawing Materials 

Drawing Materials 

Hamlin and Avondale Avenues 

Drawing Materials 

The World's Finest 

Surveying Instruments 





Unequivocally Guaranteed 




Electrical Equlpn 


. . . since 1890 

Electrical and Mechanical 
Carbon Products 


3450 S. 52nd Ave., Cicero, Crav/tord 2260 

Chicaso Transformer 

Chicago, Illinois 

Independence I 120 





Telephone SEEley 6400 

Scm.i,i:K. U. (I.. li.E., is Developiuent 
Kngineer for tin- Teletype Corp., 1400 
Wrightwoud .Vve., C.'liicaf.'ii. and lives at 
:«7 Oakland Driv.-, Hifrlilaml Park, Illi- 


.\xnERS0N, Lksi.ik .1., E.E., is Sound 
Engineer with the UC.\ Manufacturing 
Company. His home address is 12.5 North 
Drive, Haddonfield, New .Jersey. 

Bates, Richard H., C.E., is Division 
Engineer for the Standar<l Oil Companv. 
Joliet, Illinois. His home is at 1323 Keii- 
niore Ave., Joliet. 

BowjiAx, Irvixg H., .Vreh., is Architec- 
tural Draftsman, Wilbur Watson & Asso- 
ciates, Ravenna Ordnance Plant, Ravenna, 
Ohio. His home address is Bo.x 62, Hiram, 

EvEx, JoHX T., F.P.E., is Engineer for 
the Fireman's Fund Group, 312 Frederick 
Schmidt Bldg., Cincinnati, Ohio. His 
home is ,it ■")71!) Doerger I.ane, Cincin- 

.STTi.vtHT. I'm I. W., E.E., is employed 
hy the I.arsen Company. CJreen Bay. Wis- 



,\ucrsTixE, AisTix, F.P.E., is Special 
Agent for the Home Insurance Co. of New 
"iork, 116-20 S. 4th St., St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. His home is at 6853 Plymouth, 
University City, Missouri. 

Fhi^dmax, Theodore W., C.E., is High- 
way Engineer for the Public Roads .Ad- 
ministration, AVashington, D. C. His 
residence is at 510S 2nd St., N. W., Wash- 
ington, D. C. A son. Richard W., was 
horn October 2o, 1940. 

KuGLix, R., E.E., has recently 
moved to 10207 S. Wood Street, Chicago. 

MissxER, -Vhthur Otto, C.E., who is 
lUsident Engineer, Illinois Highway Dept, 
I'.iri-.. Illinois, has recently changed his to .320 Isabella St.,"Wilmette, Illi- 

Phelps, Ralph E., F.P.E., is in the 
legal Department of S. S. Kresge Com- 
panv, 2727 Second Avenue, Detroit, Michi- 
gan", and he resides at 739 Drexel. Dear- 


As.Mis. Wn.iiAM F.. E.E., is a Tool 
l)e-igner for the Consolidated .\ircraft 
Ci.mpany, Lindberg Field, San Diego. 
California. At present he is living at 
.!771 Eagle Street, San Diego. 

FisCHMAX, Leon H., C.E., is District 
Engineer for the Cook County Highway 
Department. 160 N. LaSalle St.. Chicago, 
and resides at 1263 Pratt Blvd., Chicago. 

Fisher, Frank .1., C.E., is Cartoon 
Cameraman for Screen Gems, Inc., Colum- 
bia Pictures Corp., K61 N. Seward St., 
Hollywood, California. He resides at 914 
X. Reese Place, Burbank, California. 

Hei.leh, George .).., is in business 
for himself as manufacturer's agent, 
handlincr air conditioning accessory equip- 
ment, P. O. Box 82, College Park Station. 
Detroit, Michigan. His residence is at 
l(i5.59 Indiana .\ve., Detroit, Michigan. 

K-VTZ. IsADoRE GoRuo.N. Ch.F... is em- 
ploved as .Vssistaiit .Manager for the Edi- 
son Bros. Stores. Inc.. in Kansas City. 
Missouri, and resides at 917 .Armstrong. 
Kansas Citv. 

Maxske.Wh.i.ia.m. C.E., has moved to 
s.>() Pcnnsvlvania .\venuo. St. I.ouis, Mis- 
s.-uri. He is emph>yed as Chief Inspector 
& Production Manaiier for .American Man- 
ganese Steel Co. 

Smith. Donaid \V.. M.F,., is Sales Engi- 
neer for the Sealed I'ower Corp.. General 
Motors Rldg.. Detroit. Michigan, and 
resides at 92W McKinnev. Detroit. 

May, 1941 


Electrical Engii 

V: lie Kaodolph 1125 
A.l Ucpartmrat» 




17 South Jefferton Street 
Chicago, tllinoii 


Dlinois EUectric Porcelain 



District Representaiitt 

109 No. Dearborn Chicago, Illinois 


Neon Sign i 


16 N. May St. 
H. Epstein 

Chicago, III. 
Class '20 




1840 W. 14th St., Chicago. III. 


Standard Transformer 

Chicago, Illinois 

Mohawk 5300 




600 West Adams Street 


Jiiik Uyrncs Tel. H AYmarkel b2o2 

\\'lI,l.iA.M>, KuHKKT H., CF.., i.s .V.s.sUlallt 

Civil Engineer, witli Hie t■(lll^tnu■liMf; 
Qu.irlerniu.stcr, Fort Slu-riilan, Illinnis. 
Ills liciine aildrcss is 102 S. Butrick, Waii- 
ket'an, Illinois. 


.\iiB.\MsoN, It.M.i'ii J., K.E., is eni])liive(l 
as Draftsman with the Reflector Il.inl- 
ware Corp., AVestcrn & 22n(l I'lare, I'iii- 
cafio. His residence is at 1(>21 Farwell 

Atpwooi), Fbkd B., Ch.E.. who is Sales 
Kiipinecr, Samuel M. Lanjrstnn Co.. Cam- 
ilon, N'. .1.. has recently moved to (i.5.'5 
Hector St., Ho.xliorouph, Philadelphia, Pa. 

.Vi KiKs. Ai.iiKHi .1., Ch.E., is Product 
I iifiineer tor tile X'ictor Mfg. & Gasket 
( (1., .5T."iO W. Roosevelt Koad, Chicago. 
He has completed a new home at 71.57 S. 
( alifornia Ave., Chicago. 

DicKK. I.toN.vRi) H., C.E., who is Asso- 
ciate Knpneer, War Uept., 1217 V. S. 
Post OtTice & Custom House, St. Paul. 
Minnesota, in the I'. S. .\rmv, still resides 
at .50(i Mt. Curve Blvd.. St". Paul. 

EonY, Ricii.iHji R., F.P.E., who is .Spe- 
cKil .\gcnt for The Home Ins. Co. of 
N. v.. 1017 Chauiber of Coiumercc. Indian- 
i|iolis, Indiana, resides at oMU) tiuilford 
\\e.. Indianapolis. 

Erl.xnu, Edward C, F.P.E., is employed 
as .State .\gent for the Firemen's Insur- 
iiuc Co. of Newark, with oflice at !».W 
N. W. Bank Bldg., .Minneapolis. .Minne- 
Mita. His home address is 2SI)!) Park 

IvKRSOX, Danikl J., C.E., is the jinuid 
father of .1 hahy daughter, Helen .l.inct, 
liorn on September 11. IflKI. He lives at 
SIK .Michigan, Evanston. Illinois. 

.loii.NsoN, A. E. FRKUtRicK, .M.E.. is now 
\'ice President in charge of ])roductiori 
tor Chicago Metal Hose Corp., i:J1.5 S. 
ird, Miiywood. Illinois. His residence is 
at .57.51 .S. Richmond, Chicago. 

MoROAx. Milan J., C.E., is Designing 
Engineer, Standard Oil Company, at 
Whiting, Indiana. He resides in Chester- 
ton, Indiana. 

Nelson-, Raymond F., Arch., is Under 
writer Assistant for the Continental In- 
surance Co., 844 Rush Street. Chicago. 

O'Connor, Thom.vs B., E.E., is Sched- 
ule Maker, Chicago Surface Lines, 231 S. 
la Salle St., Chicago. His residence is 
at GSOl Perry Ave.. Chicago. 

Pepe, Salvatore Ernest, C.E., .Vsso- 
ciate Engineer, War Dept.. U. .S. Engineer 
Office. I5inghaniton, .\". Y.. has recently 
changed his address to .50 Park .St.. Bing- 
liamton, N. Y. 

Rosen, N.vthan R., Arch, is .Superin- 
tendent of Construction for the Power 
Construction Co., 212 So. Marion St.. Chi- 
cago, and lives at N2:{ Bnena .-\ve., Chi- 


.\brasison, Paii. T.. .\rch.. is now em 
(iloved by the Woodward Ciovcrnor Co., 
Roi-kford, III. 

Bekger. Max, Ch.E.. was married in 
December, 1940, and resides at .5220 
Dre\el Ave., Chicago. He teaches nie- 
I li.inical drawing and shop work at the 
Morrill School for Crippled Children. 
( hicago. 

Davis. Harold R.. M.E., is Cost Ac 
CI untaiil for Wright .\eronautical Corp., 
I'.iterson. New .Jersey. His residence is 
at 'V>9 Prospect St., Ridgewood, N. ,1. Mairice, Ch.E., who is 
I'.iigincer with the Operadio Mfg. Co.. 
I No. Crawford .\ve.. Chicago, has re- 
cently changed his a<ldress to (f7:Sl S. 
I'axton .\ve., Chicago. 

Schramm, -Milton E., M.E., is Research 
Engineer. Engine Research Laboratory, 
Shell Oil Co., Wood River. Illinois. lie 
is married and has a son three years old. 
He is now residing at 1210 St. I,ouis St.. 
Edwardsville, Illinois. 

Seiterbebg, Harry C, C.E.. who is 
.Junior Engineer. V . S. Engiin-er Otlicc, 
Oalveston, Texas, recentiv inovid to 
11021. Ave. Q. Route No. I. Box tjd. Oal- 
veston, Texas. 

Ve.vema. MayN/UU) p., Ch.E., is em- 
ployed with Bacon & Thomas. .Vttorncvs. 
1.5tii & H Sts., Washington. D. C. Ills 
residence is at 872.'i Second .Vveiuic. .Silver 
Spring, Maryland. 







Dearborn 6910 





Erectors of Industrial Macliinery and Conveyors 







Manulacfurers and 


of Felts for 

All Governmental | i 

and Indust 

rial Pu 


4029-4117 Ogden 


Chicago, III. 

Established 16 



Telephone Victory 4515-4516 
"your Telegraph Florist" 


Not Inc. 


T. A. Kidwell Chicago 


Bahmte. Orvili.e T.. Ch.E., is Engineer 
of Tests. -Metal & Thermit Corp., 92 
Bishop St., .lersey City, New Jersey. He 
resides at 78 James St.. Westwood, New 
.lersey, with his wife and two sons. 

Be-vrii, Earl C^ilman, Jr., C.E., who is 
-\ssistant Subway Engineer, City of Chi- 
cago. 20 N. Wacker Dr., Chicago, has 
recently changed his address to 501 Cum- 
lit rland .\ve.. Park Ridge, Illinois. 

CARI.STBOM, Roy W., F.P.E., is employed 
with the .\merican Insurance Co. of 
Newark as Special .\gent and is located 
.it Eau Claire, Wisconsin. He recently 
announced the arrival of a iKMincing baby 
iH.y, Terry Roy, born ,Mnrcli '29, 19H. 

i)oMBROw, Roman J., E.E., who is 
.\ssistant Chief Ins]>ector, Chicago Ord- 
ii.mce District, V. S. War Dept., First 



National Bank Bldg., Chicago, is now 
residing at 3858 N. Oconto Ave., Chicago. 
He holds a Lieutenant's ranli in the Con- 
structing Quartermaster Corps, and will 
he transferred to the Ordnance Reserve 
shortly. He also reports that he acquired 
an heir, Donald Roman on Dec. 2S, IHHi. 

Nelsox, Hans Peter, Arch., has heen a 
Designer at the Westclox Company in 
LaSalle, Illinois, since January, 1941. .\ 
son, Richard Norman, was horn to .Mr. 
and Mrs. Nelson on November 2, IfliO. 
They are residing at 211.5 Seventh Street, 
Peru, Illinois. 

Pbiban, Mii.ton I.., E.E., is emplovcd 
hy the Cline Electric Mfg. Co., 211 'W. 
Wacker Drive, Chicago. His home is at 
2:«7 S. 60th Court, Cicero, Illinois. 


Broockmann, Meabl Wm., F.P.E., is 
Inspector with the Indiana Inspection 
Bureau at Indianapolis, Indiana. He was 
married on October 15, 1938, to Miss 
Esther Marie Kuch. His residence is at 
i2-Ui Fairview Terrace, Indianapolis. 

GuNDERSON, Walter E., Ch.E., who is 
Chemist with R. R. Donnelley & Sons Co., 
3.50 E. 22nd St., Chicago, is now residing 
at 7749 S. Yates Ave., Chicago. 

KoLVE. I. A.. M.E., is Inspector of Ord- 
nance Material for the War Department, 
309 W. Jackson Blvd., Chicago. He re- 
sides at 3247 Franklin Blvd.. Chicago. 

Kreuzkamp, IJeorge D., M.E., is Sales 
Engineer for the International Harvester 
Co., 180 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago. His 
home is at 6315 Harper Avenue. 

SciisnDT. Ono J., C.E., is .\ssistant 
Sanitary Engineer, Illinois Dept. of Public 
Health," 1800 \V. Fillmore, Chicago. His 
home is at 3711 Oreenview ,\ venue. Chi- 

Woodsmalj.. Fr-ank J., K.E., is .Assist- 
ant Electrical Engineer for the Naval 
Research I almratory in Washington, D. C.. 
and lives in his new home at 3937 First 
St.. S. W.. Washington, D. C. 



On Novenvber 13, 19M1. the Mechanicals 
of the Class of "33 held their sixth annual 
fall meeting at the home of H. L. Mayer- 
owicz. President Leroy Beckman con- 
ducted the meeting tbrougli the regular 
items of business and discussions of activi- 
ties, including the holding of technical 
.sessions, publication of news items con 
cerning the group and its members, and 
.social functions. 

The terms of the offices of vice-president 
and secretary-treasurer had expired; 
Hoflfman was chosen to succeed Maci as 
vice-president and DcBihv was reelected 
as .secretary-treasurer. 

Birdsoxg, ,Iohn M., M.E., is working in 
the Marine and .\ircraft section of Gen- 
eral Electric Company, Schenectady, .New 
York. He recently moved to l'- Wash- 
ington Avenue. Schenectady. New York. 


returned to Chicasro and is employed liy 
the Marble-Head Lime Company. He is 
living at 11307 .\venne G. Chicago, llli 

CiTRO. .TouN, Ch.E., is a Chemist for the 
Universal .\tlas Cement Co., in Bnffington. 
Indiana. His home is located at 342 E. 
108th Street. Chicago. 

Drei.l. Hahrv, M.E., has transferred to 
the aircraft industry on the West Coast. 

Fotter. Mii.i_ahi) .Ioseph, M.E., was 
commissioned as Lieutenant, V. S. Army, 
and is stationed at the Quartermaster 
Corps. Headfjuarters at Pershing Road 
and Wood Street, Chicago. 

Fhehinckh, Otto P., F.P.F... is Inspec- 

Serson Hardware 

Established 1907 


109-111 Ea^t Thirty-First Street 

Phone Victory { J7'3 

Ice Crean 


Served exclusively 



Thermometers — Barometers 


4949 North Pulaski Road, Chicago, IlUnoU 
EEYstone 6600 









1201 Wrightwood Ave. CHICAGO 

t.>r for the KcntuckN .\ctiiarial IliiriMii. 
Adams Bldg.. Covington. Kentucky. He 
resides at 13,5 Trcniont .\ve.. I't. Thomas. 
Kentucky, with his wife and son. 

Hah.v, .\rmasd .1., I'li.E., is .\ssistant 
Director of Research, (ieneral Ice 
Corporation, Sclienectady. N. \. His 
home address is 127.S Baker Avinue. 
Schenectady, New York. 

Heli-a, Robert, M.E., was married lii 
Miss Frances ,Tusko of Combined Locks. 
Wisconsin, on Feb. 8, 19+1. For the i>ast 
three years HcUa has l>een working at 

the Combined Locks Paper Co. and he is 
now Superintendent of the Power Plant. 

.Jones Thosias France. .M.E., and Mrs. 
.lones became the parents of a son. Bruce 
.Mien, last summer. Thev live at 2831 
-Minnesota, S. E., Washington. D. C. He 
is in the Engineering Staff of the l'. S. 

Maci. Raymond James. .M.E.. is engaged 
in studies of vibrations in engines for 
aircraft at the -\llison Division of Gen- 
eral .Motors Co. His home address is 31 ti 
N. Delaware, Indianapolis, Indiana. 

-May. Euwaru -\NroN. M.E., has moved 
his business office into his new home at 
2858 N. .Major .Vveiuie, Chicago. He 
operates the May Stoker Company. 

Mayerowicz. Henry 1... .M.E., is now 
designing spray l)<)oths and equi])ment 
for the Binks .Mamifacturing Comiianv. 

.Messinc^eh. Behnaim, 1... .M.K.. has trans- 
ferred to the aircraft industry on the 
West Coast. 

Mey-er. pREn .John. .M.E.. is now Man- 
ager. Monacousec Division (Drv Wall Ma- 
terial) Bird & Son. Inc.. East Walpole. 
-Mass., and has recently chauL'cd his 
address to 38 Park Lane. East Walpole. 

Radvillas. Chari.i;s K., M.E.. is living 
at 3149 S. Normal Avenue, Chicago. 

Sims. Stanley". M.E.. now resides at 
2.5.54 W. -nth Street. Chicago. 

Stanovich. Philip D.. E.E., has recently 
changed his address to 3325 W. lilst Place, 

Vendley", Charles Edward. M.F... is 
making his home at 2210 .Vrthur .\venue. 

WiiE.vroN. G. W.. F.P.E.. is Special 
Agent & Engineer for the Fireman's Fund 
Insurance Co.. 878 I'nion Commerce Bldg.. 
Cleveland, Ohio. His home is at 136.5 
Clarence .Vve., Lakewood. Ohio. 

ZiKowsKi. Chester M., .\rcli.. is Prin- 
cipal Engineering Draftsman. PuL'et 
Sound Navv Yard. III-S Hewitt Street. 
Breiiicrt..n. Washington. 


Bercoiist. Gustav H., C.F:., is an Engi- 
neer for the Chicago Pump Co., 2300 
Wolfram St., and lives ,it 11443 S. Cen- 
tral Park, Chicago. 

CiiRiSTENSEN, Carlo .\L. M.E.. is Engi- 
neer in charge of development & researcli 
for Harvev S. Pardee. Consulting Eniri- 
neer. 200 ' N. Latiin St.. Chicago. He 
resides at 83(i N. .Massasoit. Chicago. 

Kercher. Roy S.. E.Sc. is employed at 
L'nderwriters Laboratories. Inc.. 207 E. 
Ohio St.. and resides at 23 W. F'ranklin. 
Xaperville, Ohio. He and his wife are 
jiroud to amiouncc the arrival of a bab\ 
L'irl. riiyllis. ,m March 2.5. 1941. 

Khc'Ii \ktor .Ia.mes. K.F... was married 
I.. .Mis- .l.i.ic AveriTian of Pittsl.urgli on 
\pril 12. I9|.|. 

1 xrii.i s, \\'irii%M KnwMin, M.F... win. 
is ,in Kiigiriccr f,.r th,- Ad.inis .M.n-hin.-rv 
(■oni|..,nv ill Chicaiio. resides .it 2.^22 
\rtliur \\e.. Cbica^'o. 

NiM. Donald ,I.. F.P.K.. is Sjiecial 
.Vg<-nl for the National Fin- liisur.ince 
Co. of Hartford. 857 I eader Bldg.. Cleve- 
land. Ohio. His home is ,it 8,55 Hoanokc 
Road. Cleveland Heights. Ohio. 

lii.NDiLi. Wn.ii\>i G.. .M.F... is ein- 
jiloyed as Field Engineer for the Air 
Conditioning & Conunercial Refrigeration 
ne)it. of General Electric Co., .5 Lawrence 
St.. Bloomfield. New .Tersev. His resi- 
dence is at l(i5 Franklin St.. Bloomtield. 
New .Tersey. 

SiEC.EL. i.oiis. Ch.F... is now Procure- 
ment Supervisor. .Ioseph E. Seagram & 
.Sons. Inc.. I ouisville. Kentucky. He re- 
sides ,it 11(25 S. Third St.. I,oiiisvllle. 

May, 1941 



Shun. 1 1 ahhv .M., ( .K.. is Manapr ut 
tlu- .Miami Cigar & Ti.l.arn. Co.. UMl K. 
.jtli St., Dayton, Ohio, llr n--i<lis .it liV, 
SiJPiTior St., Davtoii. Ohio. 

T.M.i..\nss, W. .1.. Ch.K.. is .iiipl.n >il at 
the Hi-ixliv .Vviatioii ('oriior.itii)ii. South 
li.Mul. Indiana. His home a(hlifss is l:il!l 
K. \Mctoria St., Si>nlh lU-iul. Indiana. 


Ilich.MA.N. -\loKHis H.. .\r(h.. is (in 
plovrd h\ .lanu-s Iralil). Hnildcr. l.'-'". 
IViitral .\"m-.. Wihm-ttr. Illinois. 11,- IIms 
at lil:)ll N. I'aulina St.. Chicaf-'o. 

|{Ki:ri:ii. Hou' O.. K.K., has lucn ni iil.- 
Cost Knfrini-t-r for Atkinson and I'ollock. 
who an- contractors for V. S. Fieri Op.-r- 
atinf: Hasc at Terminal Isl.and. lie is 
^.•.sidin^' at 21(1 Kast Third St.. I onjr 
IJcach. talifornia. 

H.MiHoi.n, H.J., .M.I'... is .SN|it. of Inspec- 
tion for the Ch.irles HrnninL' Co.. Inc.. 
li:i|. \V. Ilnhliard St.. Chicapi. His resi 
(icnec is at lH.ill W. (^iinc\ Street, Clii 
catro. .V liahy daufrhter. S.indr.i 
was horn Aupust 7, lillo. 

IIkini;, Hkrtka.m F., K.F... is .\n\iliary 
Ojjcrator, Conunonwcalth F.dison Co., 
Northwest Station, Koscoe & Californi.-i 
Aves., ChicafTo. He resides ;it H:i7 School 
Street, ChicafTo, with his wife and danfrh 

.I.iXAS. l,Ko .].. .\1.K.. is I'l.inl Indnslrial 
F.ntrinecr, lllin.iis Tool Works, lllul S. 
(Irace St., Klgin. Illinois. He may he 
reached at 1210 W. F>ie St., Chicago. 






l.>iobliih,,l 1,S7-,' 

John S. Delman '32 



135 So. LaSalle Rand. 55G0 


Chcirtcrcd Li/e 



Kacki . I.oiis F'kkdkrick, Ch.E., is now 
.\v^t. I'lant -Manager, Jos. E. Seagram *c 
.Sons. Inc., I.oiiisville, Ky. 

KiciiAVKN, .losKFii, .Vrcli., is .Junior 
Architectural Fngincer. War Dept., Office- 
of Chief of F'.iigincers, WashiiiL'^ton. I). (... 
.Old lives at i;«7 IVrrv PL, N. W.. Wash 
ington, I). C. 

KiiAiT, I.ot'is (JKO., F;.E., is employed as 
Coil Kxl)crt by the Carron Mfg. Co., KI7 
S. Aherdecn .Street, Chicago. .\t present 
he lives at 15(i21 S. Marshfield Ave.. 
Harvey, Illinois. 

KriiKKT. .losKi'H M.. l''..l'... is I onsnlling 
Kiiirincer with I$oo/„ Frv, Allen & Ilamil- 
loii, l:!.-. S. I.aSallc St.", Chicago. He is 
eiig.iged on an organization and personnel 
prohlem in connection with a new ammu- 
nition jilaiit heing erected in St. I.onis. 
He recentlv changed his address to tsi.'7 
\. Fairfield Ave., Chicago. 

I.KVV. Robert M., Ch.K.. is eiiiiilowd liy 
Ecusta I'ajjer Corp., I'isgah Forest. Xortli 
Carolina, and may he reached at I'. O. 
Hox ](i2. Hrevard," N. C. 

I owRv, Robert K., M.F^,.. is I' Fngi- 
ncer for the U. S. (iypsum Co., Falls 
\'illage. Connecticut. He may lie re.iched 
at Hox H5, Canaan, Connecticut. 

MiCaktv, Carholi. ,T., C.E., is a He- 
si.irch Fellow, Bureau for Street Traffic 
Hesearch, Yale University, New Haven, 
Connecticut, where he will he until .liine 
1. H»tl. His home address is .^)7I0 W. 
Ohio .Street, Chicago. 

I'oei'ER, Fh.\ncis Xavier, C.E., is an Aid 
in the United States Coast and Geodetic 




135 South La Salle Street 


Telephone Franklin 1166 






Furnished lllin 

jis Tech 

Relays by 




185 N. Wabash Ave 

., Chicago 


ral 3115 









Loop OfRce: 27 E. 



RANdolph 4149 1 


y: 1140 C 








Foundrd ISS7 Kn.lowe.l Non-.Sectarian 

Afternoon and Evenino Clauet. 

Tfl. Dei. 8865. College BIdg., 10 N. Franklin St. 

Survey, U. S. S. Guide. I'. ( ). I1II7, Oak- 
land, California. 

.Skach. Frank .1., .M.F.., is Weight Con- 
lidl Engineer for the Beech .\ircruft Cor- 
jioration, Wichita, Kansas. ULs liome 
.iddress is 131 S. Bleckley Drive, Wichita, 
Kansas. He was married on .\ugust 2^, 
liim, to Miss .\nita 1.. Buser of Wichita, 

WiSTEKMAN, FrA.NCIS (.'•.. F.l'.F... 

eiiiployed hy Lansing B. Warner. Inc., 
.Merchandise Mart. Chicago. He was mar- 
ried in Octoher. lilUi, and is residing at 
IJIK W. H7th St.. Chicago. 

Wii.iMi.M, W. B., Ch.F.., is .hiiiior In- 
spe<'tor of F^iiginci'ring Materials, Navy 
Dept.. KillO .\rch St., I'hiladelphia, I'emi"- 
sylvania. He is at present working at 
Triumph F'.xplosives, Inc.. Elkton. Marv- 
land. His home is In Monkton. Md. 


ClIILOKlN. WlI.IIA.M .Iiun, .M.F,., is (ien- 
cral Foreman for the Remington Anns 
Co.. Inc., in Bridgeport, Connecticut. 
Residence is at 2SK(i Nichols Ave., Nichols, 

I.IBER, MoHTOX EiGENE, Cli.F;., Is Engi- 
neer for the Indiana Inspectimi Bureau, 
Citizens Trust Bldg.. Fort Wavne. Indi- 
ana. He resides at the f . .M. C'. .\.. Fort 

MoNsoK. Ronald, C.E., can be reached 
at 115 :34th Street, Newport News, Vir 

MooRE. Robert F'.ari., FJ.E., is Owner of 
a wholesale ]ia])er husiness located at 
4UJ S. .lustim- Street, Chicago. He has 
hiiilt his own honu- at 9H0(i S. Lawndale 
.\ve. Evergreen I'ark, Illinois. 

I'ai.ka, Georoe a., K.K., who is em- 
ployed with the Standard Transformer 
(ci., Warren, Ohio, resides at 951) Dana 
St., Warren, Ohio. He was married in 
Novemher. 194.0, to Miss Winifnd Ed- 
irlston of .Maywood, Illinois. 

RouKix. D-vviu B., M.E., is now work- 
ing in the Production Dept., Seattle- 
I'acom.i Shi[)huilding Corporation, Ta- 
conia, Wasliington. He may he reached 
at P. O. Box 822, Tacoma,' Washington. 

TiioDos. George, Ch.F,.. of 5;32:i Congress 
.Street. Chicago, was granted the .Mc.Mul- 
len Gr.uhiate Scholarshi]! in Cheniical 
Fngineerini: for the aca<lemic \ 1!U1- 
1012 ,il Cornell University. 


A.NDi.RsoN. Boi lo.s (.., I I'.F.. is in 
Ir.iiniiig .at Canip .Slielln. Halt ieshnrg. 

Bai.v, Lewis .\.. ,1 r., Ch.E., who is an 
ingineer in the Development Dcjit.. Wood 
Conversion Co.. was m.irrie<l in .lulv, 19MI. 
His residence is .it 109 Aveniu- "D." 
Clocpiet. .Minnesota. 

CoVEE. Robert H., M.E., is Inspector 
for the Navy in a Curtiss Wright Plant, 
and may he reached c/o ,Toe '/,eir, Rol>- 
erlson, Missouri. 

Demi'sev. .\rtihr .1., M.F".., is employed 
,is Test F'.ngineer, Research Dept.. Con- 
tinental .\viatiim & l-'nginecring Corp., 
12.SII1 F,. .lefterson St., Detroit. Michigan. 
His home is at 111(> Iroquois, Detroit. 

FvANOEE. .Stei'Hes, ,1r., Ch.F"... is eni- 
liloNcd as Cheniical iMigineer for the 
Bni-gess Battery Co., rM> W. Hurcm St., 
Chicago. He was recently married to 
Miss .\nne Vocelka of Be'rwyn, Illinois, 
ind thev are living at ll.i.i" S. Mason 

Fooii.iK, Trvino. M.IC, is employed as 
.liinior F'.ngineer in the War Dept., .Vir 
Corps Material Division. Wright Field, 
Davlon. Ohio. He lives al I:t2l Superior 
\vnine. Davton. Ohio. 



Motor Trucking 




Terephone Seeley 4400 

348 North Bell Avenue, Chicago 

Management Engineers 


Established 1911 







Head Office: LaSalle-Wacker Building 



20 Nc'^h Wader Dri.s Rasd. 2326 

Representing — well known, successful, fully 
qualified builders of modern, efficient 

Process Machinery and Equipment 

Evaporators, all types, any service or capacity. 
Filters — pressure or rotary drum vacuum 
units. Spiral Heat Exchangers — counter 

Multi-stage Vacuum Equipment — for vacuum 
cooling, refrigeration, deaeration, distilla- 
tion, deodorization. 

Steam Jet Vacuum Pumps — condensers, all 
types. Atmospheric Drum Dryers — single 
and double roll. 

Centrifugals — solid and perforate baskets — all 
metals. Centroid speed control. 

Chemical Stonewar^full line including suc- 
tion filters, pebble mills, rolls, raschig rings, 
towers, tower packing. Acid proof sinks, 
pipe, tanks, brick, tile, cement, tank linings. 

Young Radiator Co. 

J nit Heaters — Unit Coolers — Copper 

:onvPctors — Cooling Coils — Blast Heaters 

— Air Conditioners 

REPRESENTED BY 2015 So. Michigan 

MALVIN & MAY. Inc. . 


Chicago, Illinois 

Ray C. Malvin Victory 1617 

Motor Trucking 



33rd & Wabash Cal. 2500 

Loop Office 

520 Plymouth Ct 

Webster 458t 



/„„,. /);./„,.,,. Warehouse 
'•""- '-">'""«'' 3023 Indiana Avenue 
Wol (TV Calumet 6377 

Office Furnifur 

Office Furniture House, Inc. 






291 1-13 Wenfwor+h Avenue 




Dramatized Photography 




425 South Wabash Avenue • Chicago 






In Our Studio or Your Home 

Specialists in Pictures for 



Est. 40 Years 14th Floor 

27 E. Monroe DEArborn 29?4 


Official PkctographeT 

for the 





An economical reproduction process 
for Office Forms, Charts, Diagrams, 
Grafs, Specifications, Testimonials, 
House-Organ Magazines, Bulletins, 
Maps and many other items. 

No Run Too Long. No Run Too Short 

Estimates will not obligate you 
in any woy. WRITE OR CALL. 





Phone Prospect 9110 



Estimates Cheerfully Gi:-m 

5211 So. Trumbull Ave., Chicago 


Siwelallzing p,^, 



1314 W. 63rd Street 


I'lumbitiji ami Ih'atinp 




May, 1941 


.1.111 AXMsiix. Kk.nm Khu. M.K., is Sales 
Kiif.'iii.>T H. B, .loliiisoii, .-)\9 \V. 
Wasliiiifituii Hlvd., Chicago, and livis at 
li'Uil N. Talinaii Ave, Cliicago. 

Kh»i.i . Stki'hkn E., M.K., is iluiii}.' 
ilosigii work for the tloodvrar Aircraft 
Co., Akron, Ohio. He resides at 7:i 
Ithodes .\ve., Akron. 

I.o/.ixs. Nkai. {jii..MoH(:. M.K... was mar- 
ried on .\pril i. 1!IH. to Miss lUrnadine 
Alberta Davis. He is residing at ',' Ui 
adorado A\eiine. N. W.. W.isliinptoii. 
I). C. 

NiiiiAiiK, l"Kn> Wii 114.11. (.'.}■',.. is 
'ropograpliic Surveyor, l'. S. .\rniy. C'oni- 
|iany "D." :ioth Engineers. Kort lielvoir. 
Virginia. He may lie reached at 1 Mo 
Kasch.T .\ve.. ndcago. 

.SwA.ssoN, Kdwahii 1{.. K.P.E., is now 
a Naval .\ir Cori)s Cadet at the Navv Air 
Station. Pensacola, Elorida. Eor "mail: 
Ttll Khiides Avenue, Chicago. 

\'a.v .\i.siu:ki;. Eahi. K., .M.K., is eni- 
ployed hy the Consolidated .Vircraft Cor- 
porution in San Diego. C.ilifornia. He 
may he reached at Ho" Twenty-ciglitli 
.St.. Sun Diego. 

WiUJAMS, RoBKRT M.. Sc. is residing 
at iK5() Prairie Avenue, Chicago. 


liii .Ml . I iKov ()., .M.K., is now ill till- 
army and is stationed at Kort Sill. Okl.i- 

Ca.mkas, .Makvin, E.E., who i.s Electrical 
Engineer for the Armour Rosearcli Koun- 
dation. .'i5 W. :Wrd Street, is now living 
at IHH S. Karlov Ave., Chicago. 

CiiARi.TON. J. DoxAi.i), Ch.E.. mav lie 
reached at Box l.W. Cary Hall. W.' I a- 
fayette. Indiana. He has lieen ap)iointed 
counselor of a men's dormitory on the 
I'nrdue Oampiis. 

Coi.u)PY. HoHKHT .1.. Ch.E.. is enii)loyed 
as Chemist for Ix-ver Hrolhers Co.. Ham- 
mond. Indiana, and lives at JIJ N'. Ken- 
neth .\ve.. Chicago. 

Er.osBs, .loHX G., K.l'.E.. who is In- 
spector Kentucky Actuarial Burcnu. 940 
.Starks Bldg.. Louisville, Ky.. has recently 

moved to .\pt. l.-J. tireen Tree Manor. 
1 ouisville. Ky. 

Kbost. (li:oRoi: K... E.K.. is now Test 
Engineer for the (ieneral Electric Com- 
pany, in Schenectady. New Y<irk. 

Ha.nsin. .Xhiimk Ci.. M.E.. writes the 
following interesting letter to the .\lumni 
Editor from Camp Wallace. Hitchcock. 
Texas, under ilale of .M.ircli Si. I!IH: 

Well, here I .iiii. .i Ion- w.iv from -ood 
old .\rinour (or Illinois Tech.. if vou want 
to he and like a lot of 'others of 
my d.issiii.ites of litKI, far from home. 

Cntil e.irlv in .March. 1 was employed 
liy the Chicago Board of I'nderw riters. 
being a fire insurance rater and inspector 
of the l.iKip territory in Chicago. Tlien 
came the draft, and as I was one of the 
lucky boys with low local Ixiard numbers 
(:j.>(;") I was taken in by Selective Service. 

Boy. talk about the "rosy pictures they 
print of the Army. Well, when we get 
lip (.">:;i(l .\. M.) the sky isn't even rosy. 
.Morning chow at li:(i() A. M.. morning 
drills, lessons, and work until 11::^". Noon 
chow is served at 12:00; the afternoon 
program (similar to mornings) runs from 
1:00 to I::i0. Evening chow is ;it .">:00. 
Kroni then on we are free to do with ;is 
we )ilease until 0:00 P. M.. when lights go 
out in the barracks. Taps (evervone in 
bed) are .sounded at 11:00. In two weeks 
in the .\rmv I haven't staved uji past !l::io 
P. M. yet." C^ad. what a" change! Since 
we are all under quarantine at ]iresent. 
we have even forirotteii what women look 

Our training unit is a coast artillery 
(anti-aircraft) battalion, as are the other 
liattalions in this cam]). 

.\nv members of the class of 'W (espe- 
cially' the Mechs) and fellows from other 
classes can reach me by letter up until 
till- miildle of .June by the address lielow. 

Pvt. Arthur C. Hansen, 
Btry A. L'S C. A. Tng. Bn.. 
Cflni]) Wallace. Te.xas. 

P. S. After Mav 1st, 194.1. mv home 
address will lie .i-_>.54" Grove St.. Sko'kie. III. 

Km VI, K 11. W.. V,.V.., is Testing Engi- 
neer for llie Kellogg Switchboard & Sup- 
])lv Co., (iiiOO S. Cicero Ave., and i.s living 
at'li">-'7 S. Marshfield Avenue. Chicago. 

Masiuxtkr, Wit. H.. M.E., who is lie- 
search Engineer. St:ind.ird Oil Co.. Whit- 
ing. Indiana, lias moved to T.-itl Cornell 
.\ve.. Chicago. 

.Maxwki.1.. Robkht B.. Jr.. K.P.E.. is 
Inspector for the Missouri Inspection 
Bureau. 1201 Glovd BuildiuL'. 
Citv, Missouri, and lives at |0I E. Armour 
Blvd.. Kansas City. 

Naiilh. Ekank .Vi.iuRT. .Ik.. E.K',.. is 
emiiloyed hy the U. C. .\. Manufacturing 
Co.. .501 N. LaSalle .Street. Indianapolis. 
Indiana. He is living at ry'19 E. St. 
.lose]ili Street. Indi.iiiapolis, Indiana. 

.Sti:rxh:i.i). Biknahii. .M.F... has reccntlv 
moved to lll:i P.irk Avenue. East Orange. 
New .lersey. 


.\lII.STHOMKR. Macnis .Ioiix. ,Ib.. M.K... 
Chicago Screw Co.. 102li S. Human St.. 
Chicago. Home: l<i2.T Grace St.. Chicago. 

.\niii:b.sox, Givkbkx .Montgomkbv. M.K. 
Crowe Name Phite and Mfg. Co.. liTOI N. 
Havenswood. Chicago. Home: I:i22 Day- 
ton .St.. C'liicairo. 

.\xTiioNV. Wii.i.iAM Rov. .Ir.. M.I'.. The 
Hallicrafters Inc.. 2(in S. Indiana Ave. 
Chicago. Home: 2.-32.'} Melrose .St., Chi- 

Ai'PKi.r. l.KoxABn. M.E. Western Elec- 
tric Co., Cicero, Illinois. Home: 4.548 S. 
Rockwell, Chicago. 

BnK.MA.NN. Pui C.., .M.E. Republic 
Steel Corp., IINIO S. Burly St., Chicago. 
Home: 7li*l \ernon \\e., Chicago. 

Bi.AiiiA. .\m>rkw Stanley, M.E. Danly 
.Machine Specialties Inc.. 2104 S. 52nd St., 
Cicero, Illinois. Home: 4725 Florence 
St., Downers Cirove, Illinois. 

BrBKi.Axn. Rov H.vRoiji, M.E. .\pple- 
ton Electric. 1713 W. Wellington, Chi- 
iiigo. Home: ;i219 N. Racine, Chicago. 


Danly .Machine Sl)ecialties Inc., 2104 S. 
•■)2nd St.. Cicero. Illinois. Home: 2><H 
.Spaulding ,\ve.. Chicago. 

CoLANTOXJO. .Abnoij) M .. .M.E. HoWl 
Ice Machine Co.. 2K2.J W. .Montrose Ave. 
Chicago. Home: .5002 .\rmitage .\ve. 

Connors. Edwabo C.. M.l'".. Home: 
IN.'iO (^iiincy. Chicago. 

Eno-B. .losF.i'ii .Iaik. .M.E. I'niversal 
Clani|) Co.. 972 W. Montana St., Chicago 
Home: 154.5 S. Tripp .\ve., Chicago. 

GAUKBi.ixn. Habbv a.. .M.E. Foote 
Bros. Gear and .Machine Corji., -5301 S 
Western Ave.. Chicago. Home: 4911 N 
Hoy lie. Chicago. 

(iABVKY. Hexry M.. M.E. The Pvle Na- 
tional Co.. l:«4 N. Kostner St., Chicago 
Home: :«2S W. (i.5lli PI.. Chicago. 

Cri sTAvsox. Haboiu P.. M.E. Home: 
VXi-i Chestnut St., Western Springs, Illi- 

Hawkixs. Milton G., M.E. Danlv 
Machine Specialties, Inc., 2104 S. 52nd St.. 
t icero. Illinois. Home: 205 S. Washing- 
ton. Westmont. Illinois. 

HiiuKNKEicii. Eraxk .Tohx. Jb.. M.E 
.Mills Novelty Co.. 4110 W. Fullerton, Chi- 
cago. Home: (i W. Burlington -St.. Box 
17. Clarendon Hills. Illinois. 

Hkiiixo. Harolii EiiWARD, M.E. MieliU 
Printing Press & Mfg. Co., W. I4th St 
& .S. Damen Ave.. Chicago. Home: 271.'; 
W. 2.ird PI.. Chicago. 

Hill. Cii.vrles KBrnERiCK, M.E. Good- 
man Mfg. Co.. 4.s:U S. Halsted St.. Chi- 
cago. Home: liKiKi .\venue F., Chicago 

Hill. Johx G., .Ik.. M.E. Shure Broth 
ers. 22.5 W. Huron .St., Chicago. Home 
(i9'25 Ottawa ,\ve., Chicago. 

HoLix>wicii. Garrison G., M.E. Illinois 
Tool Works. '2.501 N. Keeler Ave., Chicairo 
Home: .■!220 W. I.eland \\e., Chicago. 

HnTiiiNi.s, Wahken. M.E. Eixite Bros 
Gear and Machine Cor)!.. .5301 S. Westen' 
Ave.. Chicago. Home: W:^15 Van Burer 
St.. Chicago. 

.loii.NsoN. BiKiiEB K... M.E. Delta-Stai 
Electric Co.. 24:37 W. Fulton Ave., Chi- 
cago. Home: 1107 N. Leamington. Chi- 

.loHNSos. Rob:.rt Nevin. M.E. L'nioii 
Special Machine Co.. 400 N. Franklin St. 
Chicago. Home: 1024 Country Club Rd. 
.loliet. Illinois. 

.FoiiNsox. Wallace A.. M.E. Honi 
l.'<22 .liiiiewav Terrace. Chicago. 

.loxES. Do'xALD .1.. M.E. Farrell Mfg 
Co.. .loliet, Illinois. Home: 35(i Wliittiet 
.\ve., .loliet, Illinois. 

Kaimvik. Bi:x.tamix E.. M.E. Al 
Still Ki|uipmeiit I'o.. Inc., .\urora, Illi- 
nois. Home: 1021 S. 4th St., Aurora. 

Kaspir. 1 oi is Ray. E.E. Home: 20c 
E. ,S2nd St.. Cliicago. 

Ki.EixwACiiTER, Kenneth .Tames, M.E 
Home: 7715 Crenshaw Blvd., Los .\n- 
geles. California. 

Kosi,-;v. Rav.moni> W.. .M.E. Western 
Electric Co., S. Cicero & W. Cerinak Rd. 
Cicero. Illinois. Home: 1.522 N. May- 
Held. Chicago. 

KBAiirLEC. Frvo. M.E. Triinm Radic 
-Mfg. Co.. 1770 W. Berteau Ave.. Chicago. 
Home: 2.507 liidgeland .\ve.. Chicago. 

Kbantz. IIih^iw h'KVNK. M.E. Lyon 




Machine Products 


53 WEST 

WABASH 6743 





1414 S. Aberdeen St. Canal 1870 


To business correspondents who do not 
know you personally, or who have not 
seen your place of business, your letter- 
head reflects the personality of your firm 

FRANK W. 151C[CJ:C & Company 

432 South Dearborn • Chicago 

aPelU-rheacl c/ivllsh 


Chief Printing Co. 


Specializing in High-Class 

For High Schools and Colleges 

148 West 62d Street 
Chicago, Illinois 

Telephone, Wentworth 6123 


732-738 Van Buren St, 

Creators and Producers 

of Better Grade 


Momoe 6363 Chicago 


• Standard lines in stock 

• Specials made to order 
•Plain or printed 


538 South Wells Street, Chicago 
Telephone Harrison 7233 

Fred W. Krengel 


6400 Minerva Avenue, Chicago 

Phone Hyde Park 8415 



* 15,000 Parts 

* Test Equipment 

* Recording Equipment 

* Radio Receivers 

* Sound Equipment 


833 W. laclcson Blvd.. Chicago. 111. 


Real Estate 











114-116 East Cermak Road 

Phones: CALumet 7230 
CALumet 5442 


Solders and Babbitts 





Clean prec 

made exact to speci- 

litations. Capacity 

v Products 


General SngimcrM Uhrks 

4707W. Division Sired - CfiKago 

Calumet 4901 Res. So. Shore 5129 





2236-38 Calumet Ave. Chicago, III. 


"Caterpillar" Diesel Engines 


Electric Generator Sets 



1056 North Kolmar Avenue 
Phone: Belmont 1240 

Tuxedo Rental 

Phone Euclid 2959 






Student Rales 25% Discount 

Fittings made at the school two weelcs prior 

to affairs. 
1047 S. Boulevard Oak Park 


Scale and Corrosion Control 




Aqueous Systems 

D. W. Haering & Co., Inc. 

2308 S. Winchester Ave. 
Chicago. 111. Haymarket 0246 



May, 1941 

M<t..l I'roiliicls. Aurora. Illinois. Iloinr: 
Ml? Aurora Avi-iiuc, Aurora. 

Khisk. Hakoi.ii N'oh.' M.I-'.. (Ircat 
I ik.-s Forgo (Vi.. llf-'ii \V. imili SI.. Clii 
c..).'o. Home: WKo-i \.rn..n \\f.. (hi 


Kri'i:n.\. .John .1., J«.. .M.K. I jiion 
.S|.(cial .Machine Co., U)li N. Kraiiklin St.. 
<liii'a(.'o. Home: 27511 S. Hoiiian Ave.. 

KruKKE. FmiutHU K C.. .Ik.. M.K. 
.Vmcrican Steel Fouiiilrics. Hii N. .Mirhi 
(ran Ave., Chicago, lloim-: .'is:iN N. 
Kostiier Ave., Chicago. 

KuRi..\Ni), .Iebo-me .(., t'.K. lloiiic: Kiii.s 
Millard Ave., Chicago. 

l..\Ri.NOKK, MicinFi. W.. M.K. The Bml.i 
Co.. 1.5Uh .St., Harvey. Illinois. Home: 
l.-j^titi Walton .\ve.. Harvey. 

L.woijj, GERALn, M.K. Illinois Tool Co.. 
i)01 N'. Kecler Ave., Chicago. Home: 
S.iOr, W. Diversey Blvd., Chicago. 

I.KVKRKXZ, Ehnkst (■., .M.K. .\ Muric.c o 
Steel Foundries, 410 N. Michigan .\ve.. 
Chicago. Home: 3U9 N. Kilboiirn Am-.. 

.McKkox, Thom.\s v., .M.E. C.intaincr 
Corporation of America, 1301 \V. 3.1tli St.. 
Chioagi>. Home: 7(iW Drexel .\vc.. ( lii 

Maerti.n, Harvky a., .Ik.. .M.K. .Mo- 
Jonnier Brothers Co., 3601 W. Ohio St.. 
Chicago. Home: .5:^1 S. Hoyiie .\vi-., Chi- 

Mazk, Lovis, E.E. Home: l(i.5il \\;ish- 
liurne Ave., Chicago. 

.Mevers, Stanford Waltkr, Jr., M.K. 
Chicago Screw Co., I02() S. Honian St.. 
Chicago. Home: 2+4:i I.eland Ave. Chi- 

.Mo.NsoN. Don ALU. Arch. Home: IHJii 
Kiniliark .\ve., Chicago. 

Nki.s<j.n. BF.Rn:i. S., M.E. Foote Bros. 
(ic:ir and .Machine Corp., .5301 S. Western 
.\ve., Chicago. Home: 14;W N. Kolin, Clii- 

N'lCiRKi.i.i, Bi.\Gio .!.. M.E. Delta-.Star 
Electric Co., 24-37 W. Fulton .\ve.. Chi- 
cago. Home: 2H2I S. Wallace St., Chi- 

Oi.i.vGER, DoNAi.n liiciiARi), M.K. Chi- 
cago Screw Co., 102(i S. Homan St.. Chi- 

IhjiE.v, Sn.\RT T., .M.K. .Mfg. 
Co.. +8.34 S. Halsted -St., Chicago. Hoinc: 
221 N". Lockwood, Chicago. 

Parker. George H., M.E. Cont.iincr 
Cxjrporation of America, 13(11 W. 3.')th St.. 
Chicago. Home: 422H Washington Blvd.. 

Farker, Vernon Hai.iki.v. .M.K. All 
Steel Equipment Co., 32(i S. .I.fl'crsoM. 
Chicago. Home: 802 Hinman St., Anr.iia. 

Pavel, HaroiJ) J., C.K. Home: -Mill S. 
Homan Ave., Chicago. 

Pi/)W.MAN, .Iames Wilson, Fl'K. llonic: 
»r,» K. Kith St., Chicago. Stanlev (i.. M.K.. 
.Mfg. Cak, 4«.34 S. Halsted St., Chicago. 
Home: 3149 S. Normal .\v,-., Chicago. 

HiESER, DoiGi..\s Alois. C.K. Honu-: i!2.^ 
Fo.\ St., .\urora, Illinois. 

HiriiE, Kdwarii W., .M.K. .Vincricm 
.Manganese Steel Co.. 38!» Kast Mth St.. 
Chicago Heights, Illinois. Home: 1227 
Sunnyside .\ve., Chicago Heights. 

.Scii.MAL, Hai.I'H .1., M.K. .\ 
Steel Foundries, 4831 Hohinan .St.. Ham- 
mond, Indiana. Home: 2(1 Carroll St.. 

Schmidt, Edm ari> W.. .M.K. .\inerican 
Steel I'oundries, 4831 H(ilini:in St.. Ham 
mond, Indiana. Home: ?12.! Michigan St.. 

Scii.MiDT, RoHEKT 1'.. M.K. I .\ on .Milal 
Products. Inc.. (io.-, W . W .ishiriulon St.. 

Chicago. I Ionic: I I !l Warren \ve.. Au- 
rora, mill. .is. 

Smoiif M vs. l.\»Ki M • G. M.I-.. ( rou, 
Name Plate and Mfg. Co.. :i7i)l N. Havens 
wood, Chicago. Home: 3812 N. Oaklej 
Ave., Chicago. 

S.MiTii, Leon K., M.K. Home: 3.-)(i3 W. 
."ith .\ve., Chicago. 

.SwEiTZEH, John 11., .M.K. Container 
Corporation of .-Vmcrica, ilOo N. .May St.. 
( lii(-:igo. Home: t)'2!> \. Stone, I.a (irange. 

Wiin-iiN.iHAM, Uvvm .1.. .M.K. Ainer 
ican Steel Foundries, 1111 N. .\I i(-liigaii 
,\ve.. Chicago. Home: KenlinaiKl 
St.. Chicago. 

WiKKZBKKi. KiiwAKi) .1.. M.K. American 
Steel Foundries. l.s:il Hohman St.. Ham 
mond. Indian,!. Iloinr: -.117 S. Sc-ehy 
.\ve., Chicago. 

Wilms, Cakl .\., .M.K. W. 1). .\IUii 
Mfg. Co., .5li() W. Lake St., Chicago. I Ionic: 
H.23 Kedvale St.. Chicago. 

WiMiNi'M, .Fames X., .M.E. Acme Sled 
Co., i:«th & Clark Sts.. Hiverdale, Illi- 
nois. Home: 1111.57 Lowe ,\ve., Chicago. 

Woods, Peter H., M.E. Link-Belt Co.. 
307 N. Michigan .\ve., Chicago. Home: 
MM Woodrow St., Lombard, Illinois. 

/.ai.ewa, Stanley F.. .Ih., M.E. Link- 
Belt Co.. 300 W. Pershing Blvd., Clii(-ago. 
Home: 4933 W. pith St.. Cicero, Illinois. 

Zywot. W.vlteh. M.E. .\merican Steel 
Konndries. 4831 Hohman St., Hammond. 
Indiana. Home: .586 Price St., Calumet 
Cilv, Illinois. 


(From page 13} 

fiirtiitr (liscussiuii of tliis 
niattir. Tiu- followiiii;- rcfcreiicis .-ire 

"Correlation Between Mctallog,- 
raphy and Meclianical Testiiifj." 
H. F. Moore, Reprint No. !). I'lii 
versity of Illinois Enjjjiiuerinii 
Experiment Station. 
".Methods of Correlating Data from 
Fatigue Tests of Stress C'oneen- 
tration Specimens. ' R. E. Peter- 
son, Tinioshenko (iOtli Anniversary 

Letter hv tiie writer to M.\ 

CHINE 'iJESUiN, Professional 

\'iewpoints Section, August, 1940. 

it lias been the intention of this 

p;iper to bring to the design engineer 

;in ;ippreei:ition for the comiiurci;il 

\aliie of the ;ipplication of plioto- 

cl.istii- Jinalysis. iiiid ;i realization of 

the sini|)lieity of its .-ipplieiitioii. 'I'lir 

writer recoinnieiids tli,-it ,-i careful in 

vestigation he made in each individual 

e.-ise to determine the value of e()iii|i 

ping tile engineering de});irtiiniit with 

|iliotoelastic apparatus. 

Aeliiiowledgment to .MACHINE 
DESICiN is made for permission to 
use tlie cuts of Figs. .3 to !• iiiehisi\c 
and Fig. 12. 


(From page 23) 
ill t<rior;iled. iieeissit;ite(l extensive 
reinforcemints :iiid n iiew;il of eoiii 
ponent parts. 

-M;iiiy ilitVcn lit types of iiridge 
Ho,n-s li.m h.eii used since 1 HJKI. 
Coiisiderabli- study has been given 
tills sul)jeet. For observation pur- 
poses and to clarify differences of 
oiiinion as to tlie efficiency of v;irioiis 
types of construction, tyiiical iiridge 
jiavements were installed on tlie south 
roadway of Lalic .Street Iiridge in 
1930, estaiiiishing a sort of "roadway 
laboratory". Of aimut fifteen types 
of construction and wearing surf:ices. 
a few proved unsatisfactory. In otiier 
samjiles, weight, cost, wearing (juali 
ties, or maintenance costs were fac- 
tors ag.-iinst tliem, witli tlie result tii;it 
today only six different ty]it-s of 
bridge [lavement are used, tlie sjie- 
eifie type depending on tiie particiiiiir 
problem at hand. 

For example, in lil3M it in c;iiiie 
necessary to redeeii the upjier li-\ei 
of tile Michigan Avenue bridge to 
replace a worn rubber-tile pavement 
instalh-d in 1927. This bridge is a 
two-level structure with tile lower 
level accommodating trucks, wliile 
the upper level serves boulevard and 
bus tr;ittic. This construction estab- 
lishes :i distance of twenty-one feet 
from tile trunnion to the upper road- 
w;iy Ii-vei. Material change in weigiits 
of tills decking would necessitate a 
large amount of additional counter- 
weigiit to prevent tiie bridge from 
"falling backwards" when the bridge 
was raised and to otherwise maintain 
tile horizontal and vertical moment 
lialancc. Consequently a com|iar;i- 
tively light deck of timber and ,-is- 
piialt jilanking was adhered to with 
aluminum curbs and center strip. 
Back of the trunnions a combination 
wearing-surface of cast iron and con- 
crete IV2" thick was provided. ni;iinlv 
for ,-idded stopping and traction ;id- 
vantages to autos. 

In tills instance, due to tile lower- 
level traffic, the uiijier deck had to lie 
waterproofed. With tin wi;n- of 
K),000 autos and busses d/iily on this 
upper level some idea of a few- of 
tlie elements entering into bridge 
Hoor design are brouglit to light. 

In the maintenance and opcr;ition 
of this iiridge system. d;iin;iges to 
xarious |i;irts of the striietiire ;ind its 
e(|uipnient in;iy result from collisions 
witii vehicles. Tlie more serious of 
tiiese is from collision of large steam- 
iioats witii tile movaiile leaves or tiic 
foinid.itions of the bridge. In tlie 
inst:incc of tiie sandboat collision witii 
the old Clark Street swing bridge, this 
was of such a serious nature as to 
require removal of tlie old bridge, hut 
ordin;irily repairs can be made. These 
repairs are generally made under diffi- 
cult conditions in tliat it is essential 



to keep traffic going; over the struc- 
ture while repairs are in progress and 
also to keep the bridge in operating 
condition so as not to impede vessel 

With apologies for this personal 
reference, the writer as a native Chi- 
cagoan recalls the bridges of the early 
nineties over which nearly every cross- 
ing was a precarious one. In his con- 
nection with the Bridge Division since 
lf»13 it has been his privilege to be 
closely associated with the engineers 
and the many skilled mechanics who 
|)ut forth tremendous mental and 
physical efforts, and in many cases 
gave their lives in the endeavor, which 
carried the development of these struc- 
tures from the frail structures of 
the early nineties to those of the pres- 
ent. Space does not permit naming 
the many city officials, civic bodies 
and others who cooperated with the 
engineer in the solution and coordi- 
nation of the political and economic 

In closing we feel that some parts 
of this story might well be omitted, 
rather tlian not to include a word of 
tribute to two men, the late Alexander 
von Babo. Engineer of Bridge De- 
sign, and Thomas G. Pihlfeldt, Engi- 
neer of Bridges, who passed on re- 
cently after more than fifty years in 
this service and under whose direc- 
tion the bridge svstem of Chicago 
attained its position as one of the 
world's great achievements. 

This article is submitted with the 
approval of Oscar E. Hewitt. Com- 
missioner of Public Works : W. W. 
DeBerard, City Engineer; and .'^. J. 
Michuda. Engineer of Bridges. 


^rom page 30) 


(From page 26) 

duties of this unique institution, to 
keep the whole machine operating 
smoothly with no stops or breakdowns, 
requires a staff of no less than sev- 
enty-seven persons, including trained 
librarians, clerks, stenographers, typ- 
ists, printers, book binders, engineers, 
j.mitors and pages. 

While books and libraries are being 
urned and destroyed in Europe, in 
America we still have the freedom to 
enjoy unmolested one of the most 
democratic of institutions — the free 
public library. Sensing our strength 
and knowing our value, we feel grate- 
ful for the privilege of serving to 
build a constructive defense as op- 
posed to the useless vocal vitupera- 
tions so common in many quarters 

May, 1941 

tries are interested in directing their 
students toward this field, which mav 
mean the directing of human beings 
rather than the engineering of mate- 

The success indicated above is not 
universal. There have been difficul- 
ties in carrying the i)rogram forward. 
One company spent time and energy 
trying to hire other engineering grad- 
ii.itcs. altliiiugli they liad four co-oper- 
ative stiidriits alidut t(i graduate from 
tiieir DWTi i)lants. Although their 
attention had been called to these 
men, they lost them to other compa- 
nies which were quick to take the men 
that the original emplo^'cr was too 
busy to follow up. Another company 
expected the co-operative students to 
work five years at the starting wage. 
.Still another would grant a two-cent- 
an-hour raise if the students kicked 
hard enough. One works manager, al- 
though he had received reports of the 
students' grades at the end of each 
college term, never talked to students 
during their five years in his plant. 

.Some student problems have been 
interesting. A student after six 
months experience asked for a trans- 
fer to another company because he 
had learned all there was to know 
witli the first company. Another pair 
.■ift( r two months in a stock room in 
whicii some fifty thousand different 
parts were kept wanted to be trans- 
ferred to a place where they could 
learii something. 

Many calls have come to the .\r 
niour College of Engineering for stu- 
dents to work in industries outside the 
Chicago area. Many of the compa- 
nies co-operating select from the 
apprentices in their own plant those 
who were high-ranking students in 
high school and who show unusual 
ability. Still other companies ask for 
Chicago students to work outside of 

All candidates are given a batterv 
of tests before being accepted by the 
college and are required to be in the 
u])jier quarter of their high school 



Time Spiiii 

Time Spent 



in Dcpt. 

In School 




1 months 

Starting wage L5c 


Tool (irindiug 

1 in(nith 



1 nioiitli 



■J months 



1 month 



1 month 



1 months 


Gear Cutting- 

2 months 

■2nd year 30c 
.ird year ooc 
Hh year COc 


Stork Room 

I month 



1 montli 

"J montiis 




.Shop Engineering 

2 months 

•-' months 

.-,th (;.-.c 




.Shop Engineering 

■J months 



2 months 

■1 months 


.Shop Engineering 


(From page 32) 
room was called into play. An inner 
glass-walled room was erected and fit- 
ted with auxiliary blowers as well as 
liquid-air evaporator. Eull dressed 

safety of each article of ,ipi)arel and 
the funetioniiig of each piece of equip- 
ment e.irried. Had anything been de- 
fective, the ))araeiiutist could have 
stejjped out of d.inger at once, a feat 
somewhat more difficult when one is 

tor a jump, the parachutist stepped dropping through emi)ty .dr on a one- 

into the chamber and faced a wind of way ticket. 

200 miles per hour at 67° below zero, EuAxris AV. Godwin. 

while tests were made to assure the .Vrmour Research Foundation. 






. . . and you will find, if you are a discriminating 
engineer or industrialist, that your plant, equipment, 
product and employees are protected by ECONOMY 
or TAMRES FUSES - a refinement in safety pro- 
duced by over a Quarter Century of Dependable Service. 

Economy Fuse and Manufacturing Company 

General Offices— Greenview at Diversey Parkway 



^ sensational triu^p], of tyV^^''''"' J^""§'^ 
*^^, executive's ideal of ecot^o^^ ^^^ 6%;^^ 

a, secretary's Jream cot^® 



Yet there's more to the 
new L C Smith than 
its modern appearance. 
There are many new tap- 
ing aids. ..the new Auto- 
matic Margin Set . . . not 
a gadget, but a simpler, 
easier way to set margins. 

THAN EVER! Other fea- 
tures of the 1941 Super- 
Speed model are the new 
Type Bar Segment Lock Line Space Indi 
cator... new Card Holder 
4 . . new Overhead Bail 
. . . new Touch Selector 
and improved Tabulator 

Tomorrow's typewriter — today! A step beyond all 
others in modern, efficient designing ... a step ahead 
in mechanical refinements and taping aids. 

Yet, basically this new model retains all the sound, 
trustworthy principles which have made the Super- 
Speed L C Smith the choice of exacting operators and 
successful business executives everywhere 

THE NEW 1941 


I or tlemomlrtition citll any L C Smith branch or dealer Booklet on request. 

JUl N. Michigan Avcmic Randolph 0052 

lent and Standard 
Smith Typewriters 

Corona Portable 

Corona Adding 

Vivid Duplicators 
and Supplies 

Type-Bar Brand 
Ribbons & Carbon 

May, 1941 



There is still time to remind you of 


6:00 P. M, Tuesday, May 27, 1941 

163 East Walton Place, Chicago 


It will cost you exactly two dollars, and will be worth 

the money 

Send your reservation to The Annual Banquet Committee, 

Alumni Office, 3300 Federal Street 

Eugene Voita, Arch., '25, is Banquet Chairman 




Uniform quality has an attraction that is rarely underrated by steam 
coal users. One experience with a power loss on swing loads - ^ one 
session with a varying evaporation cost is enough to establish the 
dollar and cents value of uniformity in coal. 

This same value in high degree is "builf into S-P coal. Precision 
refining equipment both reduces and fixes its ash with but '2".- plus or 
minus variation. Automatic sizing methods turn out an identical 
consist in each car. And a laboratory check of each car supplies 
sustained control of the process. 

Your dividend from this "finishing touch" may easily be a lowered 
cost and raised boiler capacity ^- as it has for hundreds of large and 
small pov.-er and healing plr.nts. 




May, 1941 




In many branches of industry today, the 
demands of the national defense pro- 
gram are taxing production facilities to 
the limit. For the moment, there seems 
to be little need for industry to press its 
search for new markets for its products: 
its problem is rather to find ways of 
satisfying the urgent needs of Its present 
customers. Nor does the necessity for 
developing new products or improving 
existing ones seem as urgent as usual. 
In fact, In many branches of industry. It 
may be desirable to "freeze" existing 
designs In order to maintain uninter- 
rupted production and utilize capacity 
to best advantage. 

Yet these factors do not decrease the 
importance of prosecuting, with un- 
abated vigor, a consistent program of 
long-term research to develop new prod- 
ucts and uncover new markets: they 
serve rather to emphasize the vital ne- 
cessity of such a policy. Far-sighted In- 
dustrial executives fully recognize that 
the conditions existing today are neces- 
sarily temporary, and that a slackening 
of the demand for Industry's products In 
the future will Initiate an era of excep- 
tionally keen competition to maintain 
sales volume in a contracting market. A 
iong-range program of research and de 
velopment is of invaluable assistance in 
preparing to meet the conditions that 
will confront Industry in the future. By 
paving the way for Increasing sales vol- 
ume by entering new markets or Intro- 
ducing new products, it will serve to 
counterbalance Influences that might 

otherwise adversely affect industrial 
progress and development. 

Though industrial executives clearly 
recognize the wisdom of continuing or 
expanding their research programs, they 
may find it difficult, under current con- 
ditions, to carry on their research activi- 
ties without Interruption. In many In- 
dustries research facilities, like produc- 
tion facilities, are being taxed to their 
full capacity In dealing with emergency 
problems. The expansion of research fa- 
cilities to assure continuation of long- 
term programs Is a costly, time-con- 
suming task — and one that may not be 
justified by a company's normal require- 
ments for research activity. 

Under these circumstances, the ad- 
vantages of an Isolated laboratory, such 
as the Armour Research Foundation, 
become especially noteworthy. The 
Armour Research Foundation offers in- 
dustry an effective way of supplement- 
ing existing research facilities, and of 
carrying on long-term projects without 
Interruptions caused by production 
emergencies. Skilled research workers 
are specifically assigned to individual 
projects, which they can efficiently carry 
on to completion. By utilizing the facili- 
ties of the Foundation, a manufacturer 
is enabled to devote more of the time of 
his own research staff to the specific pro- 
duction problems that are arising today 
— and still continue his long-range pro- 
gram, without incurring the dispropor- 
tionate expense that would be Involved 
In the construction of additional facili- 
ties In his own plant. 

—from THE FRONTIER. March, 1941 

Armour Research Foundation 

hounded to render ii rese(jr( /i and expernnentti/ ser-vite to nidus!) y 




In Metallurgy 



To meet Increasing requirements use 
Polish one to six specimens simul- 
taneously. The uniform light pressure 
eliminates metal flow. This truly 
dustproof polishing operation saves 
time for the busy metallurgist. 

For extreme accuracy in flatness 
Graphite boundrles are kept In true 
dimensional proportions and non- 
metallic inclusions are preserved. 
These accessories are available for 


^' JlcUpk J. 3uMa. 




May, 1941 











The Undergraduate Curriculum provides for a four year program of day study leading 
to the degree of Bachelor of Science in chemical, civil, electrical, mechanical and fire 
protection engineering, in chemistry, physics and mathematics, and in architecture. 
The Graduate School, recently enlarged as to scope and facilities, provides opportunity 
for graduate students to obtain further specialized training in engineering and science 
and to pursue work for the Master's and Doctor's degrees. The Cooperative Program, 
as a supplement to the regular undergraduate instruction in mechanical engineering 
provides an opportunity for students of limited financial means to complete, under the 
five year Cooperative course, the regular four year mechanical engineering program. 
Evening Sessions. Many of the subjects taught during the day ore offered in evening 
classes It is also possible to complete by evening study the work for the degree of 
Bachelor of Science in civil, chemical, electrical and mechanical engineering. Special 
courses ore offered for students and men in industry not interested in degrees; and it 
is possible, in many cases, to complete graduate work for the Master's degree by 
evening study 


The curriculum proviaes lor siuay leading to tne Bachelor ol Science degree m the 
arts and sciences with courses in biology, business administration, chemistry, education, 
English, history, home economics, mathematics, physics, political science, psychology 
and sociology. The courses in Home Economics meet the needs of four groups of stu- 
dents: Those who wish to study the arts and sciences fundamental to the management 
of the home; those who wish to become teachers; those who wish to prepare them- 
;5elves for vocations other than teaching; those who may wish to include in general 
college work courses having to do with the home and its relation to the community. 
In the department of Business and Economics, instruction is given in accounting, audit- 
ing, money and banking, production management, marketing, advertising, business 
law, statistics, and taxation Pre-Professional Courses receive special attention. Courses 
m Education amply meet the requirements for on Illinois high-school teacher's certifi- 
cate Evening Sessions, Evening instruction in the arts and sciences, including pre- 
professional courses, special courses for teachers and courses of general interest are 
offered on the Lewis campus. It is possible to complete, by evening study, work for 
the degree of Bachelor of Science in the arts and sciences, business administration 
and home economics. In general, a varied program of engineering subjects for degree 
and sequence work is also available on the Lewis campus. 


A professional service to industry for experiinentai engineering, research and develop- 


General Information 
KTening Sessions 
(Ir.iduatp Courses 


Illinois Institute of Terhnolocv 
3302 Street 
Chic.ipo. lllinoi- 




SPECIALISTS . . . . . 

When the Ink has dried on your diploma and 
you have settled down to your career as an 
engineer you'll be glad you accepted our offer 
to learn the fundannental principles and appli- 
cation of TIMKEN Tapered Roller Bearings. 

By taking up the subject of bearings now you'll 
save yourself a lot of tinne and trouble in the 
future. You'll be prepared for all bearing pro- 
blems that ever may come up. You'll be worth 
more to your employer because you'll be a 
better engineer. 

TIMKEN Bearings are known and preferred the 
world over wherever wheels and shafts turn. 
They are used in all kinds of machinery through- 
out all industry; in railroad locomotives, cars 
and streamlined trains. They eliminate fric- 
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promote precision. 

The Timken Reference Manual is a complete 
course in the fundamentals of Timken Bearing 
design and application. We will be glad to 
send you a copy. When writing mention the 
name of your school. 




Manufacturers of TIMKEN Tapered Roller Bearings for aufomoblles, motor 
trucks, railroad cars and locomotives and all kinds of Industrial machin- 
ery; TIMKEN Alloy Steels and Carbon and Alloy Seamless Tubing; and 
TIMKEN Rock Bits. 


Chesterfield's Girl of the Month 

currently starring in Poramount'i 
"Reoching for the Sun." 


FIRST is the word for everything about 
Chesterfields. . .from the right combination of the 
world's best cigarette tobaccos to the most mode 
manufacturing methods. You will find in Chesterfie 
everything you want in a cigarette. 

A^ore and more . . . Chesterfield is called 
the smoker's cigarette 


Copyright I9H, Ltccnr ii Mvers Tobacco Co.