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Full text of "The Arts Club and its members"

Ex Libris 
C. K. OGDEN 





THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 

OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 



THE LIBRARY- 
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORJWA 
LOS AJ^GELES 



THE ARTS CLUB 

AND 

ITS MEMBERS 







5 






_ti.»v 



THE ARTS CLUB 



AND 

ITS MEMBERS 



BY 

G. A. F. ROGERS 

WITH ILLUSTRATIONS BY MEMBERS OF 
THE CLUB 



Non ebur neque aureum 
Mea renidet in domo lacunar. 

Horace. 



LONDON 
TRUSLOVE AND HANSON, LTD. 
1920 



PRINTED IN GREAT BRITAIN. 

CHISWICK PRESS: CHARLES WHITTINCHAM AND GRIGGS (PRINTERS), LTD. 

TOOKS COURT, CHANCERY LANE, LONDON. 



Art 
Library 




NOTE 

HAVE to thank those friends who have so kindly 
assisted me with their criticismsand reminiscences 
in the production of this work. No doubt there 
are others who could and would have done like- 
wise had I known precisely to whom to apply. I am also 
indebted to the artists who have permitted me to reproduce 
their drawings. 

I have collected from various sources numerous references 
to both the club houses and to former members, and have drawn 
much information from the invaluable " Dictionary of National 
Biography." 

G. A. F. ROGERS. 
Arts Club 

A V gust [920 






CONTENTS 



PART I 

CHAP. 

I. The Foundation of the Club . 

II. No. 17 Hanover Square from 17 18 to 1863 

III. No. 17 Hanover Square from 1863 to 1896 

IV. Dover Street from 1680 to 1896 

V. The Arts Club at 40 Dover Street 

VI. Index to Part I ..... 



I 
6 
12 
26 
35 
45 



PART II 

I. Committee and Honorary Members .... 49 
II. A Complete List of M embers from i 863 to the Present 
Time, with Personal Notices of Many Deceased 
Members ........ 51 



Vll 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



PART I 

The Lounge at Dover Street 
A Mantelpiece at Hanover Square 
Drawing Room at Hanover Square 
Election of an Honorary Member 
The Club Badge 
A Steward .... 

A Discussion . . . . 
Saturday Evening at Dover Street 
The Jubilee OF "The Arts" Club , 



TO FACE 
PAGE 



Frontispiece 
4 



G. Du Maurier 

{in text) 

Norman Evill 

E. F. Clarke 

G. Moira 

F. H. Townsend 



The Terrors of War C.A. Shepperson, A.F.A., A.R. W.S. 



13 
16 

19 
36 
39 

41 
43 



Tom Angell 
Algernon Brent 
John Richard Clayton 
Charles Dickens's last Cheque 
Henry Robert Eyers 



PART II 




. Fred Walker, A.R. A. 


52 


Norman Evill 


59 


Norman Evill 


64 


EQUE 


69 


Norman Evill 


73 



IX 



Part I 
THE CLUB 



THE ARTS CLUB 



I 

THE FOUNDATION OF THE CLUB 




N accordance with Dr. Johnson's definition of a club as 
"an assembly of gfood fellows meeting- under certain 
conditions," the Arts Club was founded in 1863 for the 
purpose of facilitating- the social intercourse of those 
connected, either professionally or as amateurs, with 
Art, Literature, or Science. The number of members was originally 
fixed at 250, but was afterwards extended to 400, then to 450, and 
finally to 600. Foreign artists and literary and scientific men whose 
usual residence is out of the United Kingdom might be elected 
honorary members for a limited period, a privilege of which a number 
of foreign artists — especially Belgian — were glad to avail themselves 
during the war period from 1914 to 1918. At various times the Club 
has elected under this Rule such representative men as Mark Twain, 
Bret Harte, Henry M. Stanley, Gustave Dore, Jules Claretie, the 
two Coquelins, Bastien le Page, Benjamin Constant, Rodin, Rossi, 
Joachim, and many others. The Rule was also sometimes applied 
collectivelyas whenin 1879 "LesSocietaires de la Com^die Fran9aise " 

B 



2 THE ARTS CLUB 

and in 1881 "The Gentlemen of the Saxe Meuiingen Dramatic 
Company" were admitted to Honorary Membership of the Club. 
There is a definite limitation of sex in the second, but I cannot find 
from the records whether it applied to the first case. Many foreign 
artists, architects, musicians, and literary men who have been settled 
in England have from the earliest days of the Club been elected 
ordinary members as will be seen from the list of names which 
appears later on. 

The majority of the members have always been painters and 
architects; sculpture, literature, and journalism have been well 
represented, and so long as the Club was located in Hanover Square, 
where the next house in Tenterden Street was occupied by the Royal 
Academy of Music, there was always a numerous contingent of the 
Professors of various branches of the musical Art. Science, too, has 
been much in evidence in the membership, especially in the depart- 
ments of experimental chemistry and zoology. 

The founder of the Club was Mr. Arthur J. Lewis, an amateur 

artist of considerable merit, whose pictures were often to be seen at 

the Royal Academy exhibitions, and who was for many years in 

touch with a numerous group of artists and literary men. He gathered 

together at his chambers in Jermyn Street a body of part-singers, 

most of whom were artists, who were trained and conducted by John 

Foster, an Alto, one of the Gentlemen of the Chapel Royal. From 

1858 to 1862, so long as they met in Jermyn Street, they were known 

as "The Jermyn Band," but after Arthur Lewis's marriage with 

Miss Kate Terry and removal to Moray Lodge, Kensington, in the 

latter year, the title was changed to "The Moray Minstrels." Among 

the most regular attendants were Frederick Walker, A. R.A., who 

designed the cards of invitation ; Charles Keene, whose correct ear, 

fine voice, and enthusiastic support of the institution made him a 

valuable member; Stacy Marks, R.A., who, in addition to assisting 

in the set programme, would afterwards sing comic songs and preach 

a very amusing American sermon; Du Maurier, whose French songs 



THE FOUNDATION OF THE CLUB 3 

were much appreciated; and " Tom " Angel who could sing hunting 
songs with inspiriting choruses. These gatherings were, naturally, 
very popular and largely attended, invitations being eagerly sought 
after. The proceedings opened with a programme of glees and part 
songs by " The Moray Minstrels"; then came a good supper, which 
always began with oysters when in season, and the evening wound 
up with an impromptu miscellaneous entertainment to which members 
and visitors were called upon to contribute according to their ability. 
The following account of these gatherings was contributed by 
Mr, Arthur Severn to E. R. and J. Pennell's "Life of James McNeill 
Whistler": 

"At Arthur Lewis's parties on Campden Hill there were charm- 
ing gatherings of talented men of all kinds with plenty of listeners to 
applaud. It was at these parties that the Moray Minstrels used to 
sing, conducted by John Foster, and when they were resting any one 
who could do anything was put up. Du Maurier and Harold Sower 
used to sing a duet ' Les Deux Aveugles,' Grossmith half-killed us 
with laughter (it was at these parties he first came out), Stacy Marks 
too was always a great attraction ; but towards the end of the evening 
when we were all thoroughly in accord about everything there used 
to be drowning yells and calls for Whistler, the eccentric Whistler! 
He used to be seized and stood up on a high stool where he assumed 
the most irresistibly comic look, put his glass in his eye, and sur- 
veyed the multitude, who only screamed and yelled the more. When 
silence reigned he would begin to sing in the most curious way, 
suiting the action to the words with his small, thin, sensitive hands. 
His songs were in argot French, imitations of what he had heard in 
low cabarets on the Seine when he was at work there. What Whistler 
and Marks did was so entirely themselves and nobody else, so 
original and quaint that they were certainly the favourites." 

The idea of the Club seems to have originated in the first instance 
out of the association of a number of artists and others in the Artists' 
Rifle Corps, which was formed in the early days of the volunteer 



4 THE ARTS CLUB 

movement. Arthur Lewis himself was an enthusiastic volunteer, and 
frequent meetings were held to discuss matters of interest to the Corps, 
first at his chambers in Jermyn Street, and afterwards at the quarters 
in Old Burlington House occupied as Drill Hall, Armoury, and Mess- 
room. It was not long before it was suggested that these gatherings 
might be developed into a permanent club for social purposes; the 
original intention being that the fraternity should be contented with 
very simple fare and with wooden benches and tables and sanded 
floors in a house to be found somewhere in the neighbourhood of 
Fitzroy Square, then the principal artists' quarter of the town. 

As a result of the quarrel between Thackeray and Edmund Yates, 
whose cause had been chivalrously championed by Charles Dickens, 
the two latter seceded from "The Garrick," and they now threw 
in their lot with the little group which was actively endeavouring to 
found a new club. It was soon evident that the number of men 
willing to join was sufficient to justify a more ambitious scheme, so, 
after a somewhat prolonged search, the lease was acquired of No. 17, 
an old Georgian mansion in the north-west corner of Hanover 
Square, of which the following description is given in the "Memoirs 
of Thomas Armstrong, C. B.": "The hall and staircase were of 
admirable proportions, and all the rooms on the first floor were 
sumptuously decorated. In two of them were painted ceilings said to 
be the work of Angelica Kauffmann, one of them a copy of Guido's 
Aurora, and there were fine mantelpieces of coloured marble, excellent 
in design and well executed." When, later on, the Club removed from 
Hanover Square to Dover Street, one of these mantelpieces was bought 
by a generous member and transferred to the new house, where it is 
still much admired. Another of them adorns a mansion in Scotland. 
Hanover Square was built about 17 18, and named in honour of 
George — the first King of the Hanoverian dynasty — who had recently 
come to the throne. It at once became fashionable. The houses were 
of handsome and substantial exterior, and the interior decorations were 
carried out in an elaborate manner. The first settlers were people of 




A MANTELPIECE AT HAXOVER S(^UARE 



THE FOUNDATION OF THE CLUP, 5 

distinction, including several of Marlborough's old generals. They 
soon began to agitate for the removal of the gallows from Tyburn to 
"somewhere near Kingsland," as the rabble which attended the 
frequent executions came betwixt the wind and their nobility. Strype 
reports a rumour "that the common place of execution at Tyburn 
shall be appointed elsewhere for the removing any inconvenience and 
annoyance that might thereby be occasioned to Hanover Square or 
the houses thereabouts." The agitation, though strongly supported, 
was unsuccessful. 




II 

NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 1718 TO 1863 

IHE house, No. 17, was in the first instance occupied by 
Sir Theodore Janssen, a Dutchman who had come to 
England in 1680, where he had a very successful career 
as a merchant. He was naturalized in 1685, was elected 
Member of Parliament for Yarmouth, and having ren- 
dered considerable services to the governments of King William and 
Oueen Anne, was created a baronet by her in 17 14. He was one ot 
the Directors of the South Sea Company, was involved in the ruin of 
that speculation, and having been held responsible for the misappro- 
priation of large sums of money was expelled from the House of 
Commons, committed to the custody of the Sergeant-at-Arms, and his 
house was sold. 

The freehold was for several generations the property of the 
Dashwood family of West Wycombe Park, Bucks. Francis Dashwood, 
a junior member of an old West Country stock, was a prosperous 
Turkey merchant and an alderman of the City of London. His son 
Francis, Member of Parliament for Winchelsea, was created a baronet 
in 1707. His successor. Sir Francis, was notorious as one of the most 
dissipated rakes about town, and is mentioned as such in Horace 
Walpolc's letters. He founded "The Hell-Fire Club " in 1742, which 
met at the Abbey of Medmenham, situated on the banks of the 
Thames between Marlow and Henley, where the Rabelaisian motto 
of the club, '^'^ Fay, ce que voudras," may still be seen over the door- 

6 




2 



NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 171R TO 1863 7 

way. The Franciscans, as they styled themselves in honour of their 
founder, included Charles Churchill, the author of the Rosciad, John 
Wilkes, Bubb Doddingfton, afterwards created Lord Melcombe, Lord 
Sandwich, Paul Whitehead, and others, and rumour attributed to them 
orgies of dissipation, obscenity, profanity, and sacrilege which were 
probably exaggerated in consequence of the mystery which surrounded 
them. 

To counterbalance these little eccentricities Sir Francis had 
generous qualities, and it is to his credit that he was one of the few 
defenders of the unfortunate Admiral Byng, and moved to petition the 
King for a reprieve of the sentence of death to which the Admiral had 
been condemned by the court martial held at Portsmouth for not 
having done all in his power to relieve St. Philips and to attack the 
French fleet. 

Soon after his accession the young King, George III, had sum- 
marily dismissed the Newcastle and Chatham administration and had 
commissioned Lord Bute to form a cabinet. The intense unpopularity 
of Bute made men of ability unwilling to serve under him, and he had 
to be content with very inferior material. He was at a loss for a 
Chancellor of the Exchequer and offered the post to Dashwood who 
accepted. It at once became evident that he was completely incom- 
petent, his financial statement in the House of Commons was so 
hopelessly confused and absurd that it was received with laughter, and 
he himself exclaimed that the boys in the street would point at him 
and say "There goes the very worst Chancellor of the Exchequer 
that ever was." To cover his retreat from the House of Commons 
and from his official position, the old Barony of Despencer was re- 
vived in his favour. This barony, which had been created by writ of 
summons in 1357 and was consequently descendible to heirs general, 
had passed through females into the family of the Fanes, Earls of 
Westmoreland. The seventh Earl died very conveniently in 1762, 
without issue, and Sir Francis Dashwood then became one of the co- 
heirs to the barony in right of his mother, Lady Mary Fane, the 



8 THE ARTS CLUB 

eldest daughter of the fourth and the sister of the seventh Earl. The 
problem of getting rid of the inefficient Chancellor of the Exchequer 
was thus simplified ; the barony was confirmed to Sir Francis in April 
1763, and he was kicked upstairs as Lord Despencer. 

Francis was at that time living at his house, No. 17 Hanover 
Square, where, on his accession to the peerage, his friend, John Wilkes, 
who had succeeded to the colonelcy of the militia regiment which 
Francis had raised some years before, called to offer his congratula- 
tions; and no doubt they had some amusing recollections of the old 
days at Medmenham to talk about. 

Although the square had then been in existence for nearly half a 
century and was the residence of many fashionable families, building 
operations had not spread much beyond it, and it was still only on the 
outskirts of town, the adjacent country being very open. So much so 
that, as recorded in A. M. W. Stirling's " Coke of Norfolk " (who was 
born in 1754, created Earl of Leicester in 1837, and died in 1842): "One 
of the earliest recollections of little Tom Coke was being hurried to 
the window of the house in Hanover Square to see a fox killed by a 
pack of hounds kept by his godfather, Mr. Archer, in Essex. The 
whole chase swept into view from the present direction of Oxford 
Street, and the fox was killed immediately in front of Mr. Wenman 
Coke's house." 

Lord Despencer died in 1781, when the barony again went into 
abeyance, though the baronetcy still survives. 

In the previous year Mrs. Jordan, as a very young girl, had 
entered on her long career on the stage ; and ten years later she became 
the tenant of No. 17 Hanover Square. In the heyday of her youth 
and beauty Mrs. Jordan was unquestionably the most popular actress 
of her time. Hazlitt says of her: "As an actress in comedy Mrs. 
Jordan can have had but few equals ; to hear whose laugh was to drink 
nectar, who talked far above singing, and whose singing was like the 
twanging of Cupid's bow. Her person was large, soft, and generous 
like her soul." 



NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM i7iR TO 1863 9 

Charles Lamb's tribute to her in his essay "On Some Old Actors " 
is equally enthusiastic. "Those who have only seen Mrs. Jordan 
within the last ten or fifteen years can have no adequate notion of her 
performance of such parts as Ophelia, Helena in 'All's Well that 
Ends Well,' and Viola. Her voice had latterly acquired a coarseness 
which suited well enough with her Nells and Hoydens, but in those 
days it sank with her steady melting eye into the heart. Her joyous 
parts — in which her memory now chiefly lives — in her youth were out- 
done by her plaintive ones. There is no giving- an account how she 
delivered the disg^uised story of her love for Orsino. It was no set 
speech that she had foreseen, so as to weave it into an harmonious 
period, line necessarily following line to make up the music — yet I 
have heard it so spoken, or rather read, not without its grace and 
beauty — but when she had declared her sister's history to be a ' blank ' 
and that she ' never told her love ' there was a pause as if the story 
had ended — and then the image of the ' worm in the bud ' came up 
as a new suggestion — and the heightened image of ' Patience ' still 
followed after that, as by some growing (and not mechanical) process, 
thought springing up after thought, I would almost say, as they were 
watered by her tears. So in those fine lines : 

Write loyal cantos of contemned love — 
Hollow your name to the reverberate hills 

there was no preparation made in the foregoing image for that which 

was to follow. She used no rhetoric in her passion; or it was nature's 

own rhetoric, most legitimate then when it seemed altogether withouj. 

rule or law." 

Mrs. Dorothea, or Dora Jordan as she always signed herself, was 

not married. She was the daughter of an Irish actor named Bland, 

and was born near Waterford in 1762. She went on the stage at a 

very early age, and after performing with no marked success in Ireland 

and in several English country towns for a considerable period, she 

obtained an engagement at Drury Lane in 1785. About the year 1791 

she made the acquaintance of the Duke of Clarence, afterwards King 

c 



lo THE ARTS CLUB 

William IV, and without leaving the stage she lived with him for the 
next twenty years, and had by him a family of four sons and five 
daughters. The eldest son, who was born in Hanover Square in 1794, 
was created Earl of Munster on his father's accession to the throne. 
The Duke and Mrs. Jordan lived happily at No. 17 Hanover Square 
when in town, and at Bushy Park in the country, and were on friendly 
terms with the other members of the royal family. Thus, on the 
Duke's birthday, a large party was given at Bushy Park, which was 
attended by the Prince of Wales and the Dukes of York, Kent, and 
Cambridge. The Prince led Mrs. Jordan to the dining-room, where 
she took her place at the top of the table with the Prince at her right 
and the other royal dukes on each side, the Duke of Clarence being 
at the bottom of the table. The populace was permitted to enter the 
grounds and behold the royal party at dinner. The children of the 
host and hostess were brought in afterwards and admired by the 
Prince and the other guests. 

The Duke of Clarence was always in debt, and was constantly 
on the look out for a lady of large means with a view to matrimony, 
and it was probably because he thought he had found the desired 
person that in 1810 he suddenly broke off his connection with Mrs. 
Jordan. She was acting at Cheltenham when she received a letter from 
H.R.H. asking her to meet him at Maidenhead in order that they 
might bid each other good-bye. The blow was quite unexpected, and 
it was with the utmost difficulty that she was able to go through her 
part; in fact, during one scene she was so overcome that she burst 
out crying, and the actor with whom she was going through the 
performance invented, on the spur of the moment, a few words to cover 
her confusion. After it was over she was put into a travelling chariot 
in her stage dress to keep her appointment with the Duke. She states 
that they had never had the semblance of a quarrel but had always 
lived happily together; that he loved her and his children, but that 
money was the cause of his action. From the Duke himself and from 
all the members of the royal family she had never experienced any- 



NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 171S TO 1863 11 

thing but kindness. She adds: " the Duke has settled on me and his 
children the most Hberal and generous provision, and I trust every- 
thing will sink into oblivion." 

There was a good deal of controversy between the friends of the 
respective parties as to the sufficiency of the annuity, but as it 
amounted to ^4,000 a year for herself and her daughters it seems to 
have been quite enough. Unfortunately, Mrs. Jordan was generous 
to a fault, and practically ruined herself by her improvident gifts to 
the various members of her family. Hence she became involved in 
pecuniary difficulties to such an extent that she had to give up her 
house and take refuge from her creditors in France, where she died 
under melancholy circumstances in 1816. 

The Dashwood baronetcy and estates descended after four 
generations to Sir John, who died in 1863 and was succeeded by his 
nephew Sir Edwin. 




Ill 

NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 1863 TO 1896^ 

IMONG the original members we find painting repre- 
sented by Leighton, Poynter, Prinsep, Stacy Marks, 
Frederick Walker, Whistler, and Arthur Severn ; archi- 
tecture by A. W. Blomfield and Horace Jones; black 
and white drawing by Charles Keene, John Tenniel, 
and G. Du Maurier ; music by Jules Benedict, Henry Leslie, and 
Langton Butcher, and letters by Charles Dickens, Lord Houghton, 
and Edmund Yates. Of these the only survivors are Langton Butcher 
and Arthur Severn, The former does not often come to the Club now, 
but Mr. Severn is still, after more than fifty-six years, a constant and 
ever welcome frequenter. An interesting talker, full of anecdote, 
humour and reminiscence, he takes his share in the life of the Club, and 
is always ready to join in a game of billiards or pool, when his accurate 
eye and steady hand make him a formidable antagonist for players 
who are many years his juniors. 

The organization of the Club was soon completed ; the first 
meeting of the Provisional Committee, with Thomas Hughes in the 
chair, took place in March 1863, and the first General Meeting was 
held on the 12th of June in the same year. The Club was thus launched 
on a career which — in spite of some inevitable fluctuations — has been 
one of steady prosperity. 

With such a number of interesting personalities as original 

' The lease of the house was then acquired by tlic Arts Club. 

12 



NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 1863 TO 1896 13 

members, the house in Hanover Square soon became a centre for many 
notable gatherings, and we find frequent references to it in the memoirs 
and recollections of artists and others throughout the whole period of 
its existence; and in several instances artist members have used its 
rooms as the background of their pictures in " Punch," as Du Maurier 
has done in the drawing reproduced 011 the opposite page, in which 
portraits of Charles Keene, Frederick Walker, and others are recog- 
nizable. 

Charles Keene was, as already stated, an original member. With 
a rooted dislike for general society he made constant use of " The 
Arts," where he felt himself quite at home and at liberty to do as he 
liked. IVIany of his habits were decidedly peculiar, but the Club at 
that time was perhaps especially indulgent — and in fact encouraging 
—to individuality. Keene's life was latterly divided between his 
studio and his club. He slept and worked at his studio and spent his 
hours of recreation principally at "The Arts." He generally dined 
there on Saturday night, which was then, as now, the great gathering 
night for members and their friends. Stacy Marks in his " Pen and 
Pencil Sketches," says: " Charles Keene had some odd little habits. 
When dining at 'The Arts,' or at any public resort, he objected to 
conversation and took no part in it, but would prop his newspaper or 
book against the water-bottle and read as he ate. At ' The Arts ' he 
would have his after dinner coffee placed on the hob till it was nearly 
boiling, when he sipped it with gusto as he smoked his seventeenth 
century pipe of 'dottles,' or, failing 'dottles,' tobacco of prodigious 
strength." 

" Dottles " are the remnants of tobacco left at the bottom of the 
pipe after it has been smoked down as far as possible. This is of 
course thoroughly saturated with nicotine, but, when taken out and 
dried, is again smokable, though of a fearful and wonderful strength 
which would be too much for any ordinary smoker. The little seven- 
teenth century pipes are still found in considerable numbers wherever 
foundations of buildings are dug in the centre of the London area. 



14 THE ARTS CLUB 

One very popular member of the Club, who has himself written in 
praise of " Individuality," still uses them. 

G. S. Layard in his " Life of Charles Keene " gives the following 
account of him as a member. " The Arts Club was founded in 1863, 
and Keene was one of the original members. Up to the last he was 
a constant frequenter of the house in Hanover Square, and there would 
from time to time entertain a friend or two. On November the 4th, 

1877, he writes that he was entertaining a Major L and that he 

had asked Du Maurier and Tenniel to meet him, 'I'm not used to 
the role and it's rather nervous work.' On the nth he writes with 
much glee : * My dinner went off very well. We dined at the Saturday 
tabic d'hote, where the craft muster in some strength and make a 
lively party. My friend, the Indian Major, praised the Mulligatawny 
soup, and he wrote to me afterwards: " I do not know when I have 
enjoyed an evening more than last Saturday at your Club. I was very 
happy to make the acquaintance of Tenniel and Du Maurier, and a 
more cheery party altogether than yours I have seldom met." ' " 

Walter Crane, in his book "An Artist's Reminiscences," gives 
the following description of Keene's appearance about 1863. " A tall 
figure, in a Glengarrie cap on the side of his head, in a short velveteen 
jacket, loose tie, and ample peg-top trousers, smoking a short pipe. 
Rather close, curly hair framed a somewhat sallow visage, with con- 
templative eyes. Add a moustache and small Imperial, and you have 
the appearance of Charles Keene at that time." 

Algernon Charles Swinburne just missed becoming an original 
member; he was elected in 1864, several of his immediate associates 
having already joined. Edmund Gosse, in his " Life of Swinburne," 
says: "Swinburne, whose movements in London were extremely 
precise, was accustomed to spend a part of every day in the Club, 
where he wrote his letters, enjoyed the conversation of his friends, and 
occasionally entertained strangers. In a life so monotonous as his 
the Club was a wholesome and an importantelement of daily change." 

' ' Poet in print as well as on canvas, Dante Gabriel Rossetti some- 



NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 1863 TO 1896 15 

times delivered in 'The Arts' Club smoking room those discourses 
emphasized by the eloquent Italian gesture that proclaimed him a 
natural leader. Thither also came his brother William Michael Ros- 
setti, the art critic, for the most part silent, but sometimes readily 
discussing to a little circle the experiences and observations, foreign 
and British, of which his comments were the well-weighed outcome. 
These were not members of ' The Arts * but they were its frequent 
visitors, and the Club became the intellectual centre of the Swin- 
burne company. Unfortunately, during the summer of 1870, in circum- 
stances which were widely related at the time, he had a difference with 
the Committee of 'The Arts' and was asked to resign. He considered 
that he had been harshly treated and from that day forth Swinburne 
never consented to be a candidate for any public or private body of 
men." 

The circumstance to which Mr. Gosse so discreetly alludes is 
well known throughout the Club and was matter of public notoriety at 
the time it happened. Swinburne, when leaving the club one day, could 
not find his hat, and after an unsuccessful search for it hastily came 
to the conclusion that it had been taken away by some member. In 
an access of intense irritation he collected a number of other hats and 
assuaged his wounded feelings by jumping on them. On inquiry of 
the Hall Porter it was found that in a fit of absent-mindedness he 
had come into the Club without a hat. 

Swinburne was an unrivalled master of vituperation, as a cab- 
man who had driven him to the Club discovered to his confusion. 
There was a difference of opinion on the question of a fare, and the 
cabman became sarcastic and aggressive, but Swinburne turned on 
him an unbroken stream of abuse, colloquial and classical, which was 
irresistible. The cabman stared with amazement at the frail figure 
and sensitive face, his eloquence died down to "Well I'm damned," 
and he drove off crestfallen. 

Thomas Hughes, the author of "Tom Brown's Schooldays," 
and Charles Dickens, both original members, were intimate and were 



i6 THE ARTS CLUB 

drawn together by a common bond of sympathy in their admiration 
of the character and work of Dr. Arnold. Dickens was anxious to 
meet Dr. Stanley, Dean of Westminster, who, like Hughes, had been 
educated by Dr. Arnold at Rugby, and had written his life. Hughes 
knew Stanley, and in 1864 he arranged a dinner at "The Arts " to 
bring- his two friends together. 

In 1875 RandolphCaldecott showed at the Club some small groups 
in terra-cotta on which he had been engaged. The invitation card was 
a humorous pen drawing in which the artist is shown as holding up 
the badge of the Club, the head of Leonardo da Vinci with a halo of 

stars, which had been originally designed 
by Sir Frederick Burton and redrawn for 
"The Arts" by Sir E. J. Poynter (see 
Blackburn's "Memoir of R. Caldecott "). 

In 1878 Millais became a member, 
mainly in order that he might take the chair 
at the dinner given by the Club to Leighton 
on his election as President of the Royal 
Academy. In his speech, when proposing 
^T„„T,.T^^^ the health of the guest of the evening, Millais 

CLUB BADGE ^ '=" 

said that on oneoccasion just after Thackeray 
had returned from a trip to Rome, they met at " The Garrick," when 
Thackeray said "Millais, my boy, I have met in Rome a versatile 
young dog called Leighton who will one of these days run you hard 
for the Presidentship." Millais was never a great frequenter of clubs 
and rarely appeared at "The Arts," though he kept his name on the 
books until his death in 1896. 

A tragic incident in connexion with the Hanover Square house is 
mentioned in Martin Hardie's " Life of John Pettie, R.A." "George 
Paul Chalmers, R. S.A., was present at the Royal Scottish Academy 
banquet on the evening of the 15th February, 1878. From the banquet 
he went to ' The Arts ' Club, spoke with eloquence of Corot, and left 
somewhat hurt at the lack of sympathy shown to his remarks by his 




NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 1863 TO 1896 17 

fellow artists. An hour later he was found lying- unconscious at the 
foot of some area steps, whether by an accident or outrage will never 
be known. The mystery that hung about his death enhanced the 
emotion of his friends. Few men have been mourned more sin- 
cerely." 

For many years, in fact almost to the outbreak of war in 1914, 
it was the custom to hold high revel on the election of a member of 
the Club to the Royal Academy, when many of the Academicians 
and Associates with the newly-elected one would adjourn to "The 
Arts," where champagne, cigars, and congratulations would be 
forthcoming, and Schiitz Wilson, who was endowed with a gift of 
facile and somewhat florid oratory, was always ready to mount a chair 
or table and deliver himself of a humorous and appropriate speech. 
These orations were carefully prepared, and in cases where the 
chances of several competitors were rather nicely balanced, it was 
Wilson's custom to prepare suitable remarks for each one. In these 
circumstances, he was always on tenterhooks to obtain the very 
earliest information as to the result of the election. Occasionally, 
though very rarely, the unexpected would happen, and a candidate 
would be successful for whom no preparation had been made. This 
was unfortunate, but Wilson was an orator who could, with well con- 
structed and sounding phrases, make the most of a very few facts, 
so that, though there was perhaps less than usual about the career 
and the art of the victim, there was more of mere compliment to fill 
up the measure. Amusing incidents sometimes happened on these 
occasions, as the new R.A. was frequently by no means so practised 
a speaker as Wilson, and there was a marked contrast between the 
glib eloquence of the one and the halting periods of the other; and 
instances have even been known where the hero of the evening, after 
providing unlimited champagne and cigars, endeavoured unsuccess- 
fully to steal out of the Club while the attention of members was 
engrossed with Wilson's speech. 

These gatherings were, of course, very popular and are often 

D 



i8 THE ARTS CLUB 

alluded to byartists and others who have published their reminiscences, 
as for instance by G. D. Leslie, R.A., in his "Inner Life of the Royal 
Academy,"and by Stacy Marks who, in his "Pen and Pencil Sketches," 
thus describes the scene: "On an Associate election night 'The Arts' 
Club in Hanover Square is in a state of great excitement. Many of 
the members of the Royal Academy are also members of 'The Arts,' 
indeed, it has been jokingly affirmed that in order to be received into 
the Academy fold it is necessary as a preliminary measure to belong 
to the Club. The first detachment from the Academy brings the 
news of 'who's in,' which is quickly spread by the waiters through- 
out the Club, the largest room of which is filled with an expectant 

crowd — 

To hear our only orator expound 

The hero's merit and themselves to drain 

At his expense a bumper of champagne. 

Our only orator is one of the earliest and best known members of 
' The Arts,' with ready flow of eloquence and an aptitude for humor- 
ous simile and allusion. He is to make a speech on the occasion as 
he has done on twenty others, to propose the health of the new A. R. A. 
Champagne is brought in magnums, order called, glasses filled ; the 
orator springs to his feet and in a flow of remarkable eloquence renders 
homage to the power of the hero or heroes of the hour, wilfully 
exaggerating their artistic achievements. Rounds of laughter and 
applause greet him as he sits down, while the newly-elected rises to 
respond, and though ' the words of Mercury are harsh after the songs 
of Apollo,' the recipient of the honour says his few sentences with 
simplicity and modest manliness." 

The lines quoted are from the following poem written by J. M. 
Horsburgh in 1892, in which the little peculiarities of many of the 
best known members are cleverly hit off. Several of these members 
are still with us, but, in the course of twenty-eight years, a still larger 
number of them have fallen out of the ranks. 




••I'OKT, SIR?" 
lieproduced by l/u kind ftrmission oj Air. Noi iiiun Evill, 



NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 1863 TO 1896 19 



AN R.A. ELECTION NIGHT AT THE ARTS CLUB 

Ho there! the magnums, for our member's in! 

Dost hear the tumult and the clattering din? 

Ho, Heathcote, Ho ! Spare not the bins to-day 

The Club's triumphant in a new R.A. 

And thou, sweet friend, to whom a child I turned, 

Nor felt my infant passion wJiolly spurned, 

Now link thyself with me, O quickening Muse, 

And through my veins thy finer strength infuse. 

So filled with thee as with a living flame, 

I may divine and to the world proclaim 

The fashion of the masters gathering round 

To hear our only Orator expound 

The hero's merits and themselves to drain 

At his expense a bumper of champagne! 

Of all the noble crowd here congregate 
First the great Wilson ' will I celebrate. 
The patron of the Muses and the Stage 
The master of jocosest verbiage. 
Who loves not Latin, but with Goethe soused. 
Sees daylight through the second part of Faust. 
Long live, friend Schiitz, our orator to be, 
The Arts without thee were no Arts to me. 

There David - sits, the darling of the Club, 

At home in palaces or in a pub, 

Braw, bonnie Scot who Southern rascals spurns. 

His frame on haggis fed his soul on Burns ; 

Who 'neath the " chutch's " moralising spire 

Provokes the village parson to inquire 

Into the meaning of the true Ideal 

Quite undistinguishable from the Real. 

To him the timid songsters look for meals 

And e'en a snipe about his easel steals; 

Schiitz Wilson. 

Sir David Murray, R.A., still " the darling of the Club " and annually elected 



its chairman. 



20 THE ARTS CLUB 

Intent he paints, no prey to phantasies 
Transferring nature to his canvasses. 
And scores from summer to the sad year's fall, 
"A thirty break," says Fildes,' "no fluke at all." 

The sterner things of life have moved thee, Fildes, 

To explore poor human nature's sombrer wilds. 

Methinks I see a longing in thine eye 

To paint a Crucifixion ere thou die. 

Our hearts are wrung by thee; thou hast the power 

To paint the clouds that on the spirit lower, 

The hopeless watching through the long, long night. 

The hopeless breaking of the morning light. 

The father's agony, the wife's despair. 

Their only joy dying unconscious there, 

The wistful look of sorrow-lifting power 

Oh ! will it snatch from death this fading flower? 

But, Fildes, it was not ever thus with thee 

In those old days of halcyon Italy, 

When Venice lent her brightest, loveliest form, 

And smiling took our northern hearts by storm. 

Careless amid her flowers she smiles on me 

A soft bewitchment of the phantasy. 

All hail. Sir Richard!" That good honest face 

Makes my heart leap and brightens all the place ; 

His gently swelling corporation sways 

As many a handshake his slow step delays. 

What stroke of fortune can his soul abate? 

Did'st hear the sofa crack beneath his weight? 

Wast once Adonis, sayest thou, then Apollo, 

And end a Satyr? Nay, I do not follow. 

Here girls! quick crown him with the leaves of vine, 

See down his beard trickles the blood-red wine, 

A Bacchus now, all mirth and glorious laughter 

We are the Satyrs who are dancing after 

Like the grand revellers of long ago 

When men as Gods and Gods as men did show. 

' Sir Luke Fildes, K.A. « Richard Beavis, R.W.S. 



NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 1863 TO 1S96 21 

But still this tumult, cease this ribald talk; 

Who 's there? The Vice, I know his stately walk. 

His hopeful youngster safe ensconced in bed 

Tom Angel shows an awe-inspiring head. 

A youth of seventy, who rules the Post 

Where London's Fashion congregates the most, 

He rules us too and who says rules us badly 

Excepting Wolferstan and Hasil Bradley? 

Iron his hand ; this makes it extra hard. 

He 's pawned the velvet glove and sold the card. 

No moody man, but mighty passionate 

If should vex him with his silly prate; 

But like a summer storm, his passion done. 
He shines out on you like the summer sun. 

Marcus Apollo Belvedere Stone 

Stands there erect in all his glory shown ; 

No hand 's more cunning with the brush to trace 

The lines of beauty on a Virgin's face; 

Or mark the passion that her breast must fill 

If Sylvia's lord bends not to Sylvia's will. 

Nor are the dreaded Fates to him unkind; 

Buyers abound, for in his scenes they find 

A sweet suggestion of their youthful loves 

The soft green foliage of our English groves. 

Good evening to you — what, is Fisher ' there? 
Emerging softly from the easy chair 
Wherein he delicately takes his ease, 
A Gallic novel open on his knees. 
The dusky pipe, the smiler, close at hand. 
Sweetest of stimulants to converse bland, 
A shrewd adviser he to old and young, 
Maxims galore come tripping from his tongue, 
" Life is but short -live your allotted span 
Nor be a nuisance to your fellow man. 
'Tis not enough that you should early rise 
To be successful you must advertise." 

' W. Fisher. 



22 THE ARTS CLUB 

A man inimitably composite, 

A neat epitome of dainty wit, 

And holds devoutly — well I'll lay the odd — 

A pretty girl 's the noblest work of God. 

Michael Angelical majestic brow, 
Incomparable Stacy,' where art thou? 
What companies soe'cr thy presence boast 
There Wit prevails, there Humour rules the roast. 
Shun not the haunts of yore, shun not the scene 
Where thou the welcomest hast ever been. 
Beloved of all, dear Stacy, most of me 
Wit, poet, painter, genial Trinity! 

Now tremble ye Directors of the House 

As 'fore the cat trembles the timorous mouse; 

For Nevill " comes to make your gambols cease, 

The great conspirator against your peace. 

A man of arguments whose spacious soul 

Is centred on the blessed word " control "; 

And while he's righting our domestic hash 

Domestic Architecture yields the cash ; 

Eager alike to back his dinner bills 

Or limn some cottage 'mid the Surrey hills. 

A restless, learned Antiquary too. 

Adores the old, but execrates the new; 

Who'd swear as sure as if he'd been in Hell 

The Devil's Punchbowl is a cattle well, 

And in especial prove to your dismay 

That Aulus Plautius marched "The Pilgrim's Way." 

But whence this odour of the briny sea. 
These Ocean murmurs stealing over me? 
Such as King Neptune in the days of yore, 
The wave's controller comes our Henry Moore.' 
Inimitable master of the brush 
Whether in calms or in the wild waves rush; 
Sea changes 'scape not thine unerring glance 
Thou pretix Chevalier of Knightly France! 

' H. Stacy Marks, R.A. ' Ralph Nevill, F.S.A., F.R.I. B.A. 

' Henry Moore, R.A. 



NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 1863 TO 1896 2.3 

Comes brother Albert' with a footstep fainter, 
The delicate but disputatious painter. 
Nay but I love thee, nor will quit thee so; 
In thy fine fancy doth ail Beauty grow, 
These bud and blossom for the world's delight 
In the rich softness of thy " Summer's night." 
Not all thy arguments can this disprove, 
Happy thou mak'st us and thou hast our love. 

What mighty man is laying down the law. 
Potent in wisdom, potenter in jaw? 
The magic tones of Blackburn '' rend the air. 
Enraptured listeners throng about his chair. 
Peripatetical, eclectic sprite, 
Profound expositor of Black and White; 
Who with the fortune that he 's saved on Art 
Owns a thatched house and drives a donkey cart. 
And as the bee buzzing from flower to flower 
Absorbs the essence of some higher power, 
Flits round the painters and will still contrive 
To suck their brains to keep himself alive. 

Ah, William Murrell,^ medicine man and friend 
Smooth thou the path to my predestined end; 
If racked with torments by Angina keen. 
Expand my pulse with nitro-glycerine. 

And gently puffing there reposes Brent,' 
Lapped in the sunshine of his own content. 

But why doth sparkling Grace' such silence keep? 
His little life is rounded with a sleep. 

But Overend's ' eyes from slumber rudely broke 
Like two black diamonds glitter through the smoke, 
True connoisseurs of every kind of barque, 
From conning towers back to Noah's Ark. 

' Albert Moore. ^ Henry Blackburn. 

' William Murrell, M.D., F.R.C.P. ' Algernon Brent. 

' J. D. Grace. ' W. H. Overend, R.I. 



24 THE ARTS CLUB 

He'd draw the ships which fought at Salamis 
Or the last ironclad which went amiss. 
Perspicuous draughtsman, in whose hand it lies 
To cheer the simple, to instruct the wise. 

The melancholy Black,' a worthy sinner, 
First buys Cedulas and then damns his dinner. 
The spirit probing Archer^ questions why, 
And dear Macallum ' gurgles in reply. 

" Too true," says Tommy G.' in solemn sadness, 
" Some men are born to grief, others to gladness, 

Some take their whisky cold and others hot, 

Some men revoke at whist, others do not : " 

O Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, 

Ye priests of Metaphysic mysteries. 

And all ye Wise whom after ages bore. 

Give place, I say, to Cooper's simple lore, 

No subtler truth have ye revealed, I wis. 

Some men do that and other men do this. ! 

And is it possible I thee forget. 
Thou prince of pedagogues, Professorette? 
Old Cocker's friend arid our own pocket swell, 
Dear, dapper, spiteful, charming Jeffrey Bell! ° 

And many a one besides is gathered there 
Blackhaired and gray, the dull, the debonair, 
Prolific Barker," haloed by his daughters. 
The magisterial phiz of Justice Waters' 
The octogenarian and young Pilleaus" 
Episcopalian Tucker," waxen Hughes. 

But silence, hush! all hearts expectant beat 

As Wilson rises slowly from his seat, 

Dimibly we sit, mouths open, ears attent, 

" 'Tis very warm I think to-day," says Brent," 

While Bigg" looks round the club with lofty mien. 

And wonders how the devil we got in. 

' Edwin Black. ' James Archer, R.S.A. ' Hamilton Macallum. 

* T. G. Cooper. ' Professor Jeffrey Bell. " Charles M. Barker. 

' W. G. Waters, M.A., J. P. ' Henry and Arthur W. Pilleau. 

' Frederick Tucker. '" Algernon Brent, " Charles V. Bigg. 



NO. 17 HANOVER SQUARE FROM 1863 TO 1896 25 

In 1896 the lease of No. 17 Hanover Square expired, and nego- 
tiations were entered into with the ground landlord for a renewal. 
The terms suggested were, however, considered to be too onerous to 
justify their acceptance, and though opinions were much divided as 
to the policy of a change, it was finally agreed to face the risk, and 
search was made for another house. Several were inspected and found 
unsuitable, and after having experienced much trouble and many dis- 
appointments the sub-committee of selection eventually settled upon 
No. 40 Dover Street, which had become vacant in consequence of the 
death of Lady Stanley of Alderley. A lease on favourable terms was 
secured, the necessary alteration and redecoration effected with careful 
regard to the maintenance of the private character of the house and 
the avoidance of display, and the Club moved to Dover Street towards 
the end of the year 1 896. The charming old house in Hanover Square 
which had been the home of the Club for thirty-three years, where so 
many friendships had been formed and so many pleasant gatherings 
had taken place, was pulled down and the premises erected on the site 
are now occupied by a fashionable milliner and a motor garage — a 
characteristic modern transformation. Sic transit gloria! 




IV 

DOVER STREET FROM 1680 TO 1896 

)N the reign of Charles II the country lying" to the 
north of St. James's Palace was open, but a few years 
after the Restoration several noblemen, attracted by 
the neighbourhood of the Court at St. James started 
to build there. Three magnificent mansions were begun 
on the ground north of what we now call Piccadilly — Burlington 
House, which, with its gardens, extended to the present Burlington 
Arcade; Clarendon House, from thence to Berkeley Street; and the 
adjoining Berkeley House on the west. Beyond these, further north, 
was the Hay Hill Farm, so called from the Aye brook, which flowed 
through it, where Sir Thomas Wyatt was defeated by the royal forces 
in 1654, and where his head, which had been cut off on Tower Hill, 
was set up on a gallows, whence it was shortly after stolen and con- 
veyed away. 

In the late years of the eighteenth century. Hay Hill was the 
scene of an adventure of the Prince of Wales— afterwards King 
George IV — who was stopped there by a highwayman as he was 
returning with some of his companions from a house of ill fame 
in Berkeley Street. The speculation, however, was not a financial 
success, as all the money that the party could muster up between them 
was half a crown. 

Clarendon House was built by the Lord Chancellor of that name 
between 1664 and 1667 at a reputed cost of ;£^5o,ooo, an enormous 
sum in those days. This expenditure was one of the chief sources of 

26 



DOVER STREET FROM 1680 TO 1896 27 

the great unpopularity of Clarendon, or— as he himself said — more 
contributed to that gust of envy that had so violently shaken him 
than any misdemeanour that he was thought to have been guilty of. 

Two causes were mainly responsible for the popular indignation. 
The house was partly built with stones accumulated for the renewal 
of old St. Paul's, which had fallen into a bad state of repair. This 
was regarded as verging very closely on sacrilege. The second cause 
was the general belief that the funds for the building were derived 
from the sale of the town of Dunkirk to the French. 

In February 1654-5 Pepys writes: 

" Rode into the beginnings of my Lord Chancellor's new house 
near St. James's, which the common people have already called Dun- 
kirke House from their opinion of his having a good bribe for selling 
of that towne. And very noble I believe it will be. Near that is my 
Lord Barkeley beginning another on one side and Sir J. Denham on 
the other. To the Sun taverne where we dined merry, but my Club 
and the rest come to 7^'. 6d., which was too much." 

John Evelyn was on friendly terms with Clarendon and gives a 
description of the building of the house and its subsequent sale and 
demolition after the ruin of its owner. "After dinner," he writes, 
"my Lord Chancellor and his lady carried me in their coach to see 
their palace now building at the upper end of St. James's Street and 
to project the garden," and Pepys writes: "To my Lord Chancellor's 
new house which he is building, only to view it, hearing so much 
from Mr. Evelyn of it; and it is indeed the finest pile I ever did see 
in my life and will be a glorious house." 

On the occasion of his last visit in December 1667, after the King 
had deprived the Chancellor of the Seals, Evelyn writes: "To visit 
the Lord Chancellor. I found him in his garden of his new built palace, 
sitting in his gout chair and seeing the gates setting up towards the 
North and the fields. He looked and spake very disconsolately. Next 
morning I heard he was gone." He escaped to France, where he died 
in 1674. Soon afterwards the house was sold by his sons for ;^25,ooo 



28 THE ARTS CLUB 

to Christopher Monk, the second Duke of Albemarle, who, however, 
did not keep it long as he took to drinking heavily, ran deeply into 
debt, and sold the property for ;^35,ooo to Sir Thomas Bond of 
Peckham and a syndicate of speculators, who erected on the site four 
new streets — Bond Street, Albemarle Street, Stafford Street, and 
Dover Street. Evelyn writes again in 1683: "I returned to town 
with the Earl of Clarendon ; when passing the glorious palace his 
father built but a few years before, which they were now demolishing, 
being sold to certain undertakers, I turned my head the contrary way 
till the coach was gone past it lest I might minister occasion of speak- 
ing of it, which must have grieved him that in so short a time their 
pomp was fallen." 

Dover Street was named after Henry Jermyn, who was created 
Baron Dover in 1685 by James H. He was the son of Thomas 
Jermyn of Rushbrook in Suffolk, and nephew of Henry Jermyn, 
Earl of St. Albans, a staunch adherent of Charles I and Charles H, 
and a great favourite of Oueen Henrietta Maria — so much so that ac- 
cording to popular rumour he was married to her, though no proof 
of this has ever been forthcoming. He was a great gambler and 
Evelyn writes in 1683: "Met my Lord of St. Albans, now grown so 
blind that he could not see to take his meate. He has lived a most 
easy life, in plenty even abroad, whilst his Majesty was a sufferer ; he 
has lost immense sums at play, which yet, at about 80 years old, he 
continues, having one that sits by him to name the spots in the cards. 
He eate and drank with extraordinary appetite. He is a prudent old 
courtier and much enriched since his Majesty's return." 

Lord St. Albans obtained a grant of a considerable area of ground, 
comprising what are now St. James' Square and Jermyn Street, which 
were planned by him. He died in 1684 at his house in St. James' 
Square, when his earldom became extinct and his wealth descended 
to his nephew, Henry Jermyn, Lord Dover, who was a prominent 
figure at the Courts of Charles H and James H. He, like his uncle, 
was credited with matrimonial intrigues in high places, for Pepys 



DOVER STREET FROM 1680 TO 1896 29 

repeats a rumour that he was married to the Princess Royal, the 
widow of the Prince of Orange and the mother of King WiUiam III. 
In this case also, however, the rumour lacked confirmation. Jermyn's 
amours were numerous and ostentatious though in the " Memoires 
de Grammont " Anthony Hamilton describes him as not physically 
attractive. " Pour sa figure il n'avait pas de quoi se recrier. II etait 
petit; il avait la tetegrosse et les jambes menues. Son visage n'etait 
pas desagreable mais il avait de I'afifectation dans le port et dans les 
manieres. II n'avait pour tout esprit q'une routine d'expression 
qu'il employait tantot pour la raillerie tantot pour les declarations, 
selon que I'occasion s'en presentait. Voila sur quoi se fondait un 
merite si redoutable en amour. La princesse Royale y fut prise toute 
la premiere." 

One of his love adventures involved him in a duel to which Pepys 
alludes: " Mr. Coventry did tell us of the duell between Mr. Jermyn, 
nephew to my Lord St. Albans, and Colonel Giles Rawlins, the latter 
of whom is killed and the first mortally wounded as it is thought. 
They fought against Captain Thomas Howard, my Lord Carlile's 
brother, and another unknown, who they say had armour on that they 
could not be hurt, so that one of their swords went up to the hilt 
against it. They had horses ready and are fled." Hamilton gives 
another account of the duel which arose out of the rivalry of Howard 
and Jermyn for the favours of Lady Shrewsbury: " Jermyn prit pour 
second Giles Rawlings, homme de bonne fortune et gros joueur. 
Howard se servit de Dillon, adroit et brave, fort honnete homme et 
par malheur intime ami de Rawlings. Dans ce combat la fortune ne 
fut point pour les favoris de I'amour. Le pauvre Rawlings y fut tue 
tout roide et Jermyn perce de trois coups d'epee fut porte chez son 
oncle avec fort pen de signes de vie." However, eventually Jermyn 
recovered and lived until 1 708. He seems to have been the first owner 
of No. 40 Dover Street. 

Evelyn's son was one of the early residents in the street, as he 
took a house about nine doors from Piccadilly on the east side, which. 



30 THE ARTS CLUB 

however, he afterwards transferred to his father, who writes in June 
1699: " Finding my occasions called me so often to London, I took 
the remainder of the lease my son had in a house in Dover Street, to 
which I now removed." And it was here that he died in February 
1706, in the eighty-sixth year of his age. 

The street remained unfinished for many years, and did not extend 
very far from Piccadilly until between 1760 and 1780, when the houses 
at the northern end of it were erected, the architect principally em- 
ployed being Sir John Taylor. 

In 1779 Miss Reynolds, who had kept house for her brother, 
Sir Joshua, for many years, but whose increasing infirmities of temper 
rendered a separation inevitable, came to live in Dover Street where 
she set up a studio and painted portaits in oils and in miniature. 

Madame D'Arblay writes of Miss Reynolds: " Her singularity 
consisted in never knowing her own mind about anything, and in a 
tiresome fidgetiness which made her very difficult to live with." 

Dr. Johnson had a great respect and affection for Miss Reynolds, 
whom he called " Rennie dear," and he took much pains to smooth 
over the many misunderstandings arising out of her querulous temper. 
He even assisted her to write a letter of complaint to her brother 
which was to have been copied by her and sent as her own composi- 
tion, but it was decided that the phrasing was so unlike her own, and 
so evidently Johnsonian, that it could deceive no one, and she had 
to rely on her own unassisted efforts. 

Boswell quotes letters from Johnson to Miss Reynolds which 
convey the soundest advice in the kindest terms, and Johnson said of 
her: " I never knew but one mind which would bear microscopical 
inspection, and that was dear Miss Reynolds', and hers is very near 
purity itself." He thought, however, that portrait painting was an 
improper employment for women: " Public practice of an art, and 
staring into men's faces is very indelicate in a female." 

He seems to have been somewhat inconsistent as regards Miss 
Reynolds, for first he extols her mind as purity itself, then he says 



DOVER STREET FROM 1680 TO 1896 31 

that portrait painting and staring into men's faces is indelicate for a 
female, and finally he was persuaded to give her ten sittings in Dover 
Street for a portrait which she painted of him. The result was 
evidently not satisfactory, for Mrs. Piozzi ridiculed it, Johnson called 
it his "grimly ghost" and said it reminded him of the ballad of 
"William's Ghost," and her brother Sir Joshua remarked: "Her 
pictures make other people laugh but they make me cry." 

Dover Street was a fashionable residential neighbourhood until 
quite late in the last century, and many of the houses were interesting 
both on account of their architectural and decorative features and also 
for their contents. Of these the most important was the Earl of 
Ashburnham's house which occupied a considerable space of ground 
at the corner of Hay Hill, and of which the gardens stretched down 
to Berkeley Street, opposite to Landsowne House. The interior was 
decorated by the brothers Adam, and many of the designs which were 
prepared by them for Lord Ashburnham in 1773 and 1774 are now in 
Sir John Soane's Museum in Lincoln's Inn Fields. The Ashburnhams, 
who, according to Fuller, are "a family of stupendous antiquity 
wherein the eminence hath equalled the antiquity," had amassed in 
their houses at Battle, and in Dover Street, a magnificent collection 
of pictures, miniatures, coins, books, and manuscripts, of which 
ninety-one pictures were sold for ;^ 13, 295 at Christie's in 1850; Greek 
coins In 1895 for ^6^3, 700; books in 1897 and 1898 for over ;^6o,ooo, 
and miniatures for ^8,000; and in addition a number of illuminated 
manuscripts were disposed of privately for a large sum. The house 
was pulled down in 1897, and blocks of flats and shops were erected 
on the site. 

Another fine old house. No. 37, which is still extant, belonged to 
the bishops of Ely, whose mitre may be seen conspicuously carved 
on the stone front. It was erected by Dr. Edmund Keane, Bishop of 
Ely, out of the proceeds of the sale of Ely Place, Holborn, which had 
been the episcopal residence for four hundred years, but which had 
fallen into decay; so that the bishop obtained an Act of Parliament 



32 THE ARTS CLUB 

authorizing the sale of the estate to the Crown. The money thus 
realized enabled Sir Robert Taylor to build for the bishop in 1772 
the present house. It is now the Albemarle Club, which, with a num- 
ber of other clubs such as the Ladies Imperial, the Ladies Athenaeum, 
the Empress, and the Sesame, and also numerous fashionable millinery 
establishments, have earned for the street the impertinent title of 
Petticoat Lane. 

No. 29 Dover Street, now the Sesame Club, was built in 1810 
by John Nash, the architect of Regent Street, for his own residence. 

Lord Dover had probably an interest in the syndicate which bought 
Clarendon House. On his death without issue his property descended 
to his great nephew. Sir Jermyn Davers, fourth baronet of Rushbrook. 
He died in 1743 and was succeeded by his son Sir Robert, who led a 
somewhat wandering life and was killed by Indians near Lake Huron 
in Canada in 1763. His brother, Sir Charles Davers, the sixth baro- 
net, served in the army in Canada against the French. He was M.P. 
for Weymouth and afterwards for Bury St. Edmunds. His London 
residence was No. 40 Dover Street, of which he possessed the freehold. 
In 1770, by his will, he bequeathed to his widow an annuity of ;^ioo 
out of the profits of 40 Dover Street, and in 1776 he granted a lease 
of the premises for 99 years to Elizabeth Dutens. Sir Charles died 
in 1806, presumably without legitimate issue, though there was some 
talk of his having been married and left children in America. How- 
ever, none of them came forward to make claim to his property. His 
will was proved in 1806, and in 1810 the house was sold by his trustees 
to the second Earl of Arran for ;^ 12, 500. At that time the house was 
described as abutting on the south on the premises of John Batt, the 
proprietor of the hotel which still exists and is known by his name. 
The second Earl of Arran was succeeded by his son who died in 1837, 
and the house was then sold for;{^i2,7oo to the second Earl of Sefton, 
who bought it merely in order that he might acquire the stables which 
occupied the space between the present premises of the Club and 
Berkeley Street. These Lord Sefton retained for his own use and he 



DOVER STREET FROM 1680 TO 1896 33 

sold the house for ;^io,85o to Sir John Thomas Stanley, Bart., who 
in 1839 was created Baron Stanley of Alderley. He employed Cubitt 
to make considerable alterations in the house, extending the dining- 
room to Dover Street and turning the staircase round. Notwithstand- 
ing Lord Sefton's stables the house was still much more open at the 
back than at present, and commanded a view of the gardens of Lans- 
downe House, but Lord Shrewsbury, who about 1870-1873 lived at 
No. 39 Dover Street, erected extensions which blocked the light and 
the view. Lord Stanley applied for an injunction but failed, and only 
damages were awarded. 

The first Lord Stanley of Alderley died in 1850 and was succeeded 
by his son, "the man they call Sir Benjamin Backbite and famil- 
iarly ' Ben,' " (according to Charles Greville), who was noted for his 
rough manners both in Parliament and in private life. He was Post- 
master-General in Lord Palmerston's administration from i860 to 
1866, and Edmund Yates, who was then a junior officer in the Post 
Office, tells in his " Reminiscences " an amusing story of how, having 
been sent to Dover Street with some papers for signature, his reception 
there was so lacking in courtesy that he turned on his chief and rent 
him. Yates was shielded from any unpleasant consequences by Sir 
Rowland Hill, the Secretary of the Post Office, who said : " He's a 
damned rude fellow. He 's been rude to me before now. Don't you 
be afraid of his threats, I'll take care of that." Yates adds that he 
heard no more of the affair officially, but that the improved version of 
the story, which became current among the juniors in the office, was 
that the Postmaster-General was so frightened by the unwonted dis- 
play of independence, that when, soon afterwards, one of the ordinary 
office messengers arrived in Dover Street with papers for signature 
he was shaken warmly by the hand and invited to stop to lunch. 

Lord Stanley died in 1869, and his widow continued to reside in 
Dover Street until her death in 1895. She was born in 1807, a 
daughter of the thirteenth Viscount Dillon, and was one of the best 
known personages in society during the latter half of the last century. 

F 



34 THE ARTS CLUB 

"The Times" in its obituary notices says she had been presented 
to the widow of the Young Pretender, she was alive at the jubilee of 
George III, and took part in the coronation and the jubilee of Queen 
Victoria. For nearly seventy years she maintained an active interest 
in political affairs. She was always an ardent Liberal, and her house 
was a general meeting place for politicians of that faith; but though 
a close personal friend of Mr. Gladstone she was always strongly op- 
posed to his Home Rule policy. She was a consistent Radical accord- 
ing to the definition of that term accepted in her youth, her cardinal 
principal being a steady opposition to State interference with the 
individual. She was perpetually adding to her knowledge: there was 
no book of note on any subject that she was not the first to order; and 
the casual visitor found her equally ready to discuss any subject. 




V 
THE CLUB AT DOVER STREET 

\N i8g6 the Arts Club acquired the lease of No. 40 
Dover Street, with the option of purchase, which was 
exercised after a few years, when the Club became 
possessor of the freehold on terms which were regarded 
at that time as favourable, and which now represent a 
first rate investment. The financial rearrangements which became 
necessary in consequence, first, of the removal from Hanover Square, 
and, subsequently, of the purchase of the freehold of 40 Dover Street, 
were carried through without much difficulty. In the old house the 
business had been under the control of "The Proprietary Club 
Company, Limited," which consisted of a few members who held 
shares. These shareholders were bought out and the ownership of 
the Club was transferred to the whole body of members by making it 
compulsory on every one to hold one share in "The Arts Club, 
London, Limited," which share lapses on the death or retirement of 
the holder. This arrangement has been found to work well and is still 
in force. 

Various causes combined to bring about a considerable change 
of membership about this time, as a good many men left the club, 
distrusting the policy of removal or for other reasons, though the 
majority of these afterwards rejoined. Also in 1896 the Club was un- 
fortunate in losing, by death, an exceptional number of prominent 
members, among whom were Leighton, Millais, Du Maurier, Sir 
Joseph Barnby, Richard Beavis, Arthur Cecil, Charles Dickens junior, 
Alfred Hunt, Hamilton Macallum, and Sir Benjamin Richardson. 

35 



36 THE ARTS CLUB 

In order to provide for the additional expense of the larger house, 
and for the removal, it was necessary to increase the membership, and 
the Rules were accordingly altered so as to extend the numbers from 
450 to 600. 

Just at this time the old Hogarth Club, which had been leading 
a somewhat nomadic existence in Albemarle Street and Dover Street, 
finally closed its doors. Its original home had been at 84 Charlotte 
Street, Fitzroy Square, a district much affected by the artistic fraternity 
in the middle of the last century, where the club had been conducted 
on lines combining Art with economy, conviviality, and good fellow- 
ship. Here, and afterwards at Albemarle Street, exhibitions were held 
of pictures by members, including Leighton, who took a great interest 
in the club, and who exhibited there in the early "sixties." These 
exhibitions were successful, and satisfactory sales were often effected. 
One of the most prominent members of the club was Whistler, who, 
here as everywhere, was a stormy petrel, always interesting and 
always spoiling for a fight. Mr. W. P. Feeney, an old member of 
the Hogarth and now a member of the Arts, remembers how Whistler 
would come into the house, and after carefully arranging his white 
lock, would ascend to the club room carrying a wand about five feet 
long, which at that time he chose to substitute for the walking stick 
of the ordinary man. This he would deposit on one of the couches 
and he was always uneasy if any one touched it or sat near it. He 
once had an altercation with Edward Stott, another member, which 
was so demonstratively conducted that E. F. Clarke, who was present, 
feared it would end in personal violence and recorded his impressions 
in the series of sketches which appear on the opposite page. 

The interruption of the old associations, consequent on the migra- 
tion from Charlotte Street, seems to have proved disastrous to the 
Hogarth, which, after a career of prosperity followed by gradual decay, 
eventually collapsed, and a select few of its members moved farther 
up the street and joined the Arts. 

The house is well adapted for club purposes, though rather small 







WHISTLER AND ST< )TT DISCUSSING AN ARTISTIC QUESTION 

FROM A IlRAWINC KV K. F. CLARKE 

Kindly lent ly Mr. li\ P. Fiemy 



THE CLUB AT DOVER STREET 37 

for the number of members, especially as since the war began it has 
been increasingly popular as a lunching, dining, and general meeting- 
place. From the first the endeavour has been to preserve the original 
features and to make it as like a private house as possible, and there 
has been no attempt at luxury or grandeur. It still retains in its 
arrangements the characteristics of its eighteenth-century origin as 
the town house of a prosperous County family, combining comfort 
with sufficient facilities for entertaining. As is usual in such cases 
the bedroom accommodation was somewhat sacrificed to the reception 
rooms, but for its present purposes this is not a disadvantage. The 
redecoration which has been mentioned as having been carried out 
by Lord Stanley of Alderley was of a very complete character, and is 
still the most prominent feature of the house. Immediately on passing 
the entrance door attention is attracted to the flooring tiles, which bear 
the initials "S.A." surrounded by the Stanley motto "Sans Changer." 
The hall is open to the roof, from which depends a very handsome old 
eightlight brass chandelier. The original staircase was a broad flight 
branching out right and left, but this was altered to the present arrange- 
ment by which the staircase follows two sides of the wall. It is wide 
and easy, with fine iron balustrades, in which is embedded at frequent 
intervals the Stanley crest "on achapeau gules, turned up ermine, an 
eagle, wings expanded, or, preying upon an infant, proper, swaddled of 
first, banded argent." The ground floor consists of an outer lobby 
and porter's box, an inner hall, from which radiate the coffee room, 
the committee room also used for private dinners, the card room, 
cloak room, and lavatory. The coffee room extends right through the 
house and opens at the back on to a veranda, where in the summer 
members often adjourn for their after-dinner coffee. In the coffee room 
we are again reminded of the Stanleys by the medallions at the corners 
of the ceiling which contain their crossed SS surmounted by a baron's 
coronet. 

The staircase leads to a gallery which is embellished with very 
handsome Corinthian pillars and pilasters, and which is open to the 



38 THE ARTS CLUB 

lounge, where is fixed the mantelpiece before mentioned as brought 
from Hanover Square. 

On entering the drawing room the principal features which attract 
attention are the ceiling, where are again the Stanley crossed SSand 
coronet, a remarkable chandelier of the Waterford glass which is now 
so much sought after, and a white marble chimney-piece with carved 
female figures, very beautiful both in design and execution. 

Other rooms to which the gallery gives access are the library, 
the small writing room, and the billiard room; and an upper gallery 
on the floor above leads to the secretary's offices and the bedrooms. 

" The Arts" is a sociable Club, and the endeavour has always 
been to have as little formality and ceremony as possible- — in fact there 
is a spice of Bohemianism about it, though not perhaps to the same 
extent as about "The Savage" or the old " Hogarth." There is no 
smoking room because smoking is permissible every where except in 
the coff"ee room ; and even there the prohibition is only one of etiquette 
as there is no written rule on the subject. Members are supposed to 
know one another, and the prefix " Mr. " is tabooed. A member is 
expected to talk to his neighbour, whether previously known to him 
or not, and a newcomer who dines at the Club for the first time and 
who modestly takes a solitary seat at one of the small tables is prob- 
ably accosted by some old member and brought over to a table where 
he can associate with other diners and join in general conversation. 
Naturally, men with the same special interests have a tendency to fore- 
gather, and so certain tables in the coftee room are resorted to by the 
same groups day after day. For instance, there is what is known as 
"The Academy table," at which the members of that institution 
congregate ; the Architects' — more generallyknown as the Bricklayers' 
— table; and the Bridge table, which gradually fills up as each rubber 
comes to a conclusion in the card room. Before and after dinner the 
most popular gathering place is the lounge at the top of the staircase, 
where tea, aperitifs^ and conversation are in full swing in the after- 
noon, and postprandial coffee and liqueurs are partaken of later in the 




Rt'prodiiieil hy I lie kind periiiiision of Piofessoy G. Moira. 



THE CLUB AT DOVER STREET 39 

evening. After a time a general move takes place to the billiard room. 
One of the institutions which is, I believe, unique as regards clubs, is 
the Saturday evening "Snooker," which often comprises twenty or 
even as many as twenty-four players. Such a crowd is not of course 
conducive to a highly scientific standard of play, but no one is excluded 
for lack of it. Men are brought together and sociability and good 
fellowship are promoted. The sides usually arranged are the Royal 
Academy versus the rest of the Club, and it was with reference to such 
a game that a remark, quite indefensible in its flippancy, was made 
by a young member who turned up on a ten days' leave of absence 
from France, where it is to be feared that in the trenches he had not 
been imbued with a proper spirit of reverence for even the most respect- 
able institutions. A man coming into the room and seeing a jovial 
crowd engaged at one of the tables, remarked: " I suppose it is the 
usual game. The Academy against the Club." " No, Sir," was the 
reply. " It 's The Academy against The Arts! " 

The Club was much addicted to whist during the period of its 
occupancy of the Hanover Square house, and the hours devoted there- 
to were long and early. The conservative disinclination of members 
to change long-standing club arrangements deferred until 1901 the 
introduction of Bridge, when, after considerable discussion in several 
Committee meetings, it was agreed to alter Rule XXH so as to add 
the new game to the list of those which might be played in the Club, 
The development into Auction Bridge dates from 191 2. In 1907 the 
accommodation for card players having been found to be insufficient 
two small rooms on the ground floor were thrown into one, and the 
present card room was formed. 

From very early days it has been the endeavour to have a selection 
of good pictures on the walls, and this has been accomplished partly 
by gifts from members or their executors or representatives, and partly 
by loans. Consequently, the Club now owns a considerable number 
of pictures which, if not all of quite first class merit, are interesting 
and decorative. Moreover, the practice of artist members lending their 



40 THE ARTS CLUB 

own works has been well kept up, so that there are always from this 
source pictures of a high degree of excellence ; for though a well-known 
proverb enjoins that criticism should be subdued when referring to a 
gift-horse, this is not held to apply to pictures painted and lent by 
members, who in a club of so outspoken a character would be open 
to an embarrassing amount of banter if a really bad painting appeared 
on the walls. 

During the first few years of its existence the Club possessed very 
few books, and it was not until the year 1870 that any serious endeavour 
was made to create a library. The first member who took an interest 
in the matter was John Davidson, who began with much energy and 
enthusiasm, and, by himself contributing gifts of books on a generous 
scale, and by stimulating the liberality of his colleagues, he succeeded 
in forming the nucleus of a collection. In the Minute Book for 
November 1870 there is an entry that the thanks of the Committee 
be specially given to Mr. John Davidson for his contributions and 
trouble in filling the bookshelves of the Club, and that the thanks of 
the Committee be also given to the donors. After Davidson's death 
in 1880 interest in the scheme appears to have waned, and very few 
additional volumes were acquired for many years. After the Club 
moved into its new house the books seem to have been huddled away 
into any odd corners not wanted for other purposes. At length, in 
1907, some enterprising members suggested that for the convenience 
of those who had literary tastes the small drawing room might be fitted 
up with bookshelves and used as a library. The members of the Arts 
Club, though many of them hold very Radical views on various sub- 
jects — notably on Art — are Conservative to the backbone as regards 
anything in the way of a change in long-established Club arrange- 
ments; and the introduction of a door between the hall and the cloak 
room, the removal of a clock from a mantelpiece to a bracket, or the 
position chosen for a piece of statuary, give rise to excited and almost 
revolutionary utterances and motions. It is generally suggested that 
the artistic amenities of the Club are being ruined, that "the Philis- 




THE JUBILEK OF "TIIK ARTS" CI. UP. 
Kefrodiicedby llu kind pei-mission of Mr. F. //. 'l\m'nsei!il. 



THE CLUB AT DOVER STREET 41 

tines are upon us," and that the Committee ought to resign in a 
body. However, after reiterated discussions, things gradually simmer 
down and nothing more is heard of the matter. 

The library proposal was regarded as a serious innovation. At 
the meeting which was summoned to consider it, much eloquence was 
expended on both sides, the main argument of the Conservatives being 
that the wall space was indispensable for the exhibition of pictures 
which had been lent to the Club. On the other side it was urged that 
the room was principally used as a dormitory, and that the two or 
three members who resorted to it enjoyed the artistic treat with closed 
eyes. In the end the reorganization of the library was sanctioned, 
and some very handsome bookcases were bought, which are now filled 
with a useful selection of volumes, mostly on artistic subjects, and 
many of them finely illustrated. An effort has recently been made to 
increase the number of books and to place the library on a better 
footing. This has met with considerable success, and members have 
generously responded to the appeal with gifts of books and money. 
There is, however, still room for expansion in this direction. 

On the nth December 191 3 the Club celebrated the fiftieth year 
of its existence by a dinner at Princes Restaurant, which was attended 
by two hundred and fifty members and their guests, the chair being 
taken by Sir Reginald Blomfield, R.A. The occasion is still recalled 
to the memory of members by the drawing by F. H. Townsend for 
the menu, the original of which now hangs in the billiard room and 
which is here reproduced. The artist has perhaps allowed his 
imagination to exaggerate somewhat the ages and infirmities of 
members, who are not all octogenarians. A very convivial evening 
was enlivened by several humorous speeches, and by the following 
"Jubilee Song" written by Barry Pain, and set to music by Sir A. 

Mackenzie : 

Here 's to the noble memory 

Of bygone pioneers, 
Who raised for us this House of Art 
That 's stood for fifty years ; 
G 



42 THE ARTS CLUB 

Who gave the laurel of their names 

Our records to adorn, 
Here 's to the men who made our Club 
And the day when we were born. 

'Twas in the mild Victorian reign 

Of whist and crinoline, 
Before the Flapper and the Nut 

Had barged upon the scene. 
Before the aviator flew. 

Or motorist could mote. 
Or women signified with bricks 

Their passion for the vote. 

That scoundrel Time breaks many things 

But leaves intact our chain ; 
The torch was handed on to us, 

We hand it on again. 
For members come and members go. 

Since man 's constructed thus, 
But still the Club remains the same, 

And therefore here 's to us ! 

We've painters, sculptors, architects, 

To decorate their age; 
We welcome here the shining lights 

Of music and the stage. 
We've men of law and medicine 

To aid us when we trip ; 
In brief, we've sundry sorts of men 

And one good fellowship. 

Since woman's softening influence 

We value and revere. 
For her we put our awning up, 

But only twice a year. 
Thus Aphrodite at the Arts 

No fatal scheme contrives ; 
At Bridge alone we lose our Hearts 

Only at Pool our Lives. 



THE CLUB AT DOVER STREET 43 

When fifty years again have passed, 

Whatever else may die, 
Still may the concord of the Arts 

The raids of time defy ; 
Still may our telephone convey 

Excuses incomplete, 
And wicked men remain to dine 

At forty Dover Street. 



The war has affected this as it has affected all other clubs. Many 
members were employed on war work of one kind or another, and of 
these a large proportion took part in the actual fighting, brave men, 
refusing to recognize a limit of age as an obstacle to the devotion of 
their lives to the service of their country. Many others performed 
useful non-combatant work, and painters were employed by the 
Government in designing weird schemes of "camouflage" for ships, 
and architects in erecting buildings for war, housing, and munition 
purposes at home and abroad. Domestic difficulties increased, and the 
management of a club was no easy task. Supplies both solid and liquid 
were hard to obtain, and Food Controllers, Coal Controllers, and 
other high and mighty officials had to be propitiated. Moreover, the 
staff was depleted by the drafting of waiters and others into the army, 
and their places had to be filled by inexperienced substitutes or by 
women, who set a somewhat exaggerated value on their services. How 
far the incident recorded in the drawing contributed to " Punch " by 
C. A. Shepperson, A. R.A., and reproduced on the opposite page, is 
indebted to actuality, and how far to a vivid imagination, it would be 
indiscreet to inquire. It is interesting as giving a very accurate repre- 
sentation of the drawing room of the Club, and portraits of certain 
well-known members. 

*'The Arts," like most other similar institutions, has at times 
passed through severe crises, financial and other, which have almost 
imperilled its existence. Appeals to the patriotism and loyalty of its 
members have, however, always been successful in rescuing the Club 



44 THE ARTS CLUB 

from its difficulties, and now that we are in smooth waters we can 
look with pride upon a long career of usefulness and distinction in 
the past, and with confidence to a prosperous continuance of that 
career in the future. 



INDEX TO PART I 



Arran, Earl of, 32. 

Artists' Rifle Corps, 3. 

Arts Club, Constitution of, i. 

Foundation of, 2. 

Hon. Foreign members, i. 

Number of members, i, 36. 

Ashburnham House, 31. 

Badge of the Club, 16. 

Billiards, 39. 

Bond, Sir T., buys Clarendon House, 28. 

Caldecott, R., 16. 

Cards, 39. 

Chalmers, G. P., Death of, 16. 

Clarence, Uuke of, 9, 10. 

Clarendon House, 26, 27, 28. 

Dashwood, Family of, 6, 7, 8. 

Sir Francis (Lord Despencer), 8. 

Davers, Family of, 32. 
Dickens, Charles, 4, 12, 15. 
Dover Street, History of, 26-34. 
40 Dover Street, Arts Club at, 35-44- 

Description of, 37, 38. 

Former inhabitants, 26-44. 

Ely House, 31, 32. 
Evelyn, John, 27, 28, 30. 

George, Prince of Wales, Adventure in Hay 
Hill, 26. 

Hanover Square, History of, 4. 

Fox hunt in, 8. 

17 Hanover Square, Arts Club at, 6-25. 

Description of, 4. 

Former inhabitants, 6-25. 

Hay Hill, George, Prince of Wales in, 26. 
Hogarth Club, The, 36. 



Horsburgh, J. M., Satirical Poem, 19-24. 
Hughes, T., 12, 15. 

Janssen, Sir 'P., 6. 

Jermyn Band, The, 2. 

Jermyn, Henry (Lord Dover), 28, 29. 

Johnson, Dr., 30, 31. 

Jordan, Mrs., 8-1 1. 

Jubilee, The, 41. 

Keene, Charles, 2, 13. 

Leighton and Millais, 16. 

Lewis, Arthur, Founder of the Club, 2, 3, 4. 

Library, The, 40, 41. 

Marks, H. Stacy, R.A., 2, 3, 12, 18. 
Moray Minstrels, The, 2, 3. 
Music, Royal Academy of, 2. 

Pain, Barry, Jubilee song, 41. 

Reynolds, Miss, 30. 

Royal Academy Election Night, 17-24. 

St. Albans, Lord, 28, 29. 

Sefton, Earl of, 32. 

Severne, Arthur, on the Moray Minstrels, 3. 

Stanley, Dean, 16. 

Stanley of Alderley, Family of, 33, 34. 

Stott and Whistler disagree, 36. 

Swinburne, A. C., 14, 15, 36. 

Thackeray, on Leighton, 16. 

and Yates, 4. 

Tyburn, Proposed removal, 5. 

War, The late, 43. 

Whistler, J. M., at the Hogarth Club, 36. 

Disagreement with E. Stott, 36. 

Wilkes, John, 8. 

Wilson, H.Schiitz, The Club Orator, 17, 18, 19. 



45 



Part 1 1 
THE MEMBERS 

Vixere fortes ante Agamemnona 
Multi; sed omnes illacrimabiles 
Urgenter ignotique longa 
Nocte, carent quia vate sacro. 

Horace. 



THE ARTS CLUB 

1920 

COMMITTEE 

ALSO DIRECTORS OF THE ARTS CLUB, LONDON, LIMITED 

Chairman: Siu David Murray, R.A., P.R.I. 
Deputy Chairman: N. ScoTT RU.SSELL 

1919 W. AiNSLIE. H.C. 

1920 O. M. Ayrton. 
19 1 9 W. T. Boodle. 

1918 W. R. COLTON, R.A. 

1918 Alfred Drury, R.A. 

1918 W. P. Feeney. 

191 8 J.S.Gibson. H.C 

1919 B. A. Hall. H.C. 

1919 G. E. Haslip, M.D. 

1920 VV. Lee Hankey, R.E., R.O.I. 

1919 W. R. Le Fanu. H.C. 

1918 Sir William Llewellyn, K.C.V.O., R.A. 

1919 The Duke of Newcastle. 

1920 Julius Ohlsson, R.A., P.R.O.I., J.P. 

1918 Colonel John Parker, C.B., D.L. 

1919 Clement V. Parsons. 

1918 Herbert Read. H.C. 

191 8 G. A. F. Rogers. H.C. 

1919 Robert Spence, R.E. 

1920 Terrick Williams, R.I., R.O.I. H.C. 
1920 E. W. Wimperis. 

1920 A. B. Yeates. H.C. 

Secretary: Lieut.-Colonel H. Raymond. 



H 



HONORARY MEMBERS 

BONNAT, L^ON I. F. 1919 

Butcher, J. Langton 1863 

Carisbrooke, Marquis of 1919 

Claus, Emile 1919 

Dagnan Bouveret, a. J. 1919 

DiELMAN, Frederick 1919 

French, Daniel C. 1919 

Mestrovic — 1919 

Nenot, Paul H. 1919 

North, J. W., A.R.A. 1874 

Ridge, W. Lacy i 896 

Spielmann, Sir Isidore 1895 

Tito, E. 1919 

Vian, Alfred 1893 



SO 



THE MEMBERS 

Those names inatked 7vith an asterisk * are present Members, and the 
date indicates the year of election. 

Edwin Austin Abbey, 1885-1910. R.A. Bom 1852; died 1911. 
An American painter of Shakespearean and mediaeval subjects. 
" I had ample opportunities of experiencing the sweetness of his nature and the 
geniality and humour of his conversation. I have been intimately acquainted with 
Americans of every sort and variety all my life, but I have never met any who dis- 
played to greater advantage the best and brightest of their national characteristics 
than Edwin Abbey." — G. D. Leslie, R.A., The Inner Life of the Royal Academy. 
Edward A Beckett. 1863-1871. Original Member. Literary. 
J. B. AcKROYD. 1871-1885. 
*Alfred Adam. 1913. 
*Beale Adams. 1909. R.B.A. 
John Clayton Adams, i 892-1 895. Bom 1840; died 1906. Landscape 

painter. 
Douglas Adams. 1892. Died 1920. 
G. Adelmann. 1886-1893. Musician. 
Philip Leslie Agnew. 1905-1910. 
* William Arthur Aikin. 1885. M.D. 

Rev. a. Ainger. 1864-1871. 

Master of the Temple Church. Editor of Charles Lamb's works. 
*Henry Ainley. 1909. 
Montague Ainslie. 1906-1914. Died 1914. 
*Wilfred Ainslie. 1892. 
*W. L. Ainslie. 1900. 
George AlTCHISON. 1866-1896. R.A., P.R.LB.A. Born 1825 ; died 1910. 
Professor of Architecture at the Royal Academy. Built Lord Leighton's house in 
Kensington. 

"He was a wide reader, a good talker, and the collector of an interesting 
library."— Z).iV:^. 
Samuel Aitkin. 1896-1900. 

Secretary to the Associated Board of the R.A.M. and the R.C.M. 

51 



52 THE ARTS CLUB 

SwAiNSON H. Akroyd. 1 87 1- 1 888. 
*Carlo Albanesi. 1893. 
Boyd Alexander. 1908-1910. Born 1873; died 1910. 

African explorer and naturalist. Crossed Africa from the Niger to the Nile. 
Murdered by natives at Ilarne in French Equatorial Africa. His collection of African 
birds was given to the British Museum." — See Boyd Alexander's Last Journey, by his 
brother. 

•Herbert Alexander. 1904. A.R.W.S. Brother of the above. 
*R0BERT W. Allan. 1889. R.W.S. 

C. J. H. Allen, 1868- 1880. Died 1881. 

Edward Heron Allen. 1897-1911. Musical and literary. 
*Herbert Charles Goodeve Allen. 191 i. Died 1920. 

Lt.-Col. Ralph Allen. 1890-1892. Scientific. 
*Henry VV. Allingham. 1917. 

Edward Richard Alston. 1874-1880. Bom 1845; died 1881. 
Zoologist. An authority on birds. 

*Louis Ambler. 1904. F.R.I.B.A. 
John Carlowitz Ames. 1884-1902. Musician. 
Reginald Ames. 1872-1891. Died 1892. 
James H. Anderson. 1904-1915. Died 191 5. Artist. 
Henry Lyon Anderton. 1873-1874. Literary. 
Capt. C. W. Andrew. 1867- 1892. R.N. Died 1893. 
Thomas W. Angell. 1863-1893. Original Member. Died 1893. 

" Tom " Angell, as he was always called, had been one of the chief organizers of 
the Post Office service in the Crimea and latterly he became Postmaster of the South 
Western District. Edmund Yates, after a long absence abroad, wrote that he would 
feel like Rip van Winkle when visiting his old haunt at " Sweet 17" and finding 
Tommy Angell still in charge of the village post ofifice. 

Angell was a genial and very popular, though somewhat autocratic and irascible 
member. He was one of Arthur Lewis's " Moray Minstrels " and could sing a good 
song. 

An admirable little pen-and-ink sketch by Frederick Walker, A.R.A., of Tom 
Angell, sitting in a characteristic attitude in his shirt sleeves, smoking a long Turkish 
pipe, is one of the treasured possessions of the Club. 

T. A. Annett. 1863-1878. Original Member. 

James Archer. 1875-1904. R.S.A. Bom 1823; died 1904. 

Historical and portrait painter. He was said to have missed election to the Royal 
Academy by a single vote in consequence of a brother Scot who was coming up to 
vote for him losing a train. 




TOM AN'GKLL 

1 ROM A DRAWING nv F. WAl.KKR, A.R.A. 



THE MEMBERS 53 

H. II. Armstead. 1883-1895. R.A. Born 1828; died 1905. 
Sculptor. A genial and very picturesque member. 
♦Major E. A. Armstrong. 1909. I. M.S. 
Thomas Armstrong. 1866-1878. C.B. Born 1833; died 1911. 
Director of Art at South Kensington Museum. 

"The qualities which made Armstrong's personality so attractive and lovable 
were his keen sympathy, his warm affections, his sincerity, his modesty, his able 
sagacity, his kindly wit; and he added the charm of a nature which preserved the 
zest of youth to the wisdom of experience." — T. Armstrong, C.B. A Memoir. 

Reginald Arnold. 1889- 1890. 

John Ashby. 1899-1905. 
*Morris C. H. Ashby. 1917. 

Harold T. Ashton. 1903-1909. Engineer. 

William Henry Ashurst. i 873-1 885. 

H. W. C. Austen. 1906-1919. M.D. 

Walter Austin. 1886- 1888. Musical Composer. 

Edward B. Aveling. 1873-1875. Literary and scientific. 
*0. Ma.xwell Ayrton. 1900. 

Ernest Claude Ayton-Lee. 1875-1889. Architect. 

Walter Bache. 1884-1888. Died 1 888. Musical. 

John Henry Frederick Bacon. 1S98-1913. M.V.O., A. R.A. Born 1866; 

died 1 914. Portrait painter. 
*J. F. Baddelev. 1920. 
♦Fr.-vnk S. Baden-Powell. 1896. 

Frank I. Baggallay. 1885-1892. Architect. 
•Arthur Herbert Bagley. 1911. B.A. 

A. Bailey. 1864- 1870. 

Hayden Bailey. 1898-1906. Musical. 

Hugh Sidney Baillie. 1870-1871. 

Sir Benjamin Baker. 1871-1906. K.C.M.G. Bom 1840; died 1907. 

Engineer of underground railways and of the Forth Bridge. 

* Herbert Baker. 1900. 

*Percival Richard Arnold Baker. 1919. 

W. J. Baker. 1863- 1873. Original Member. 
*A. Baldock. 1909. M.B. 

Edwin Bale. 1884-1915. R.I. 

Lewis Balfour. 1872-1884. Died 1885. 



54 THE ARTS CLUB 

Robert Shackleton Balfour. 1901-1913. Architect. 

Percival Ball. 1870- 1877. 

Wilfrid Ball. 1896-1916. R.E. Died 1917. Painter and etcher. 

Arthur Bambridge. 1893-1896. Artist. 

Sir Squire B. Bancroft. 1881-1886. Actor and manager. 

Hamlet L. Bannerman. 1884-1888. Artist. 

Charles Burton Barber. 1885-1892. Painter. 

George Gompertz Barber. 1886- 1890. Died 1891. 

W. S. Barber. 1863-1909. Original Member. 

Edgar Barclay. 1869- 1874. 

Wrote on the mountains of Algeria and on Stonehenge. 

*William Singer Barclay. 1911. 
Charles M. Barker. 1886- 1909. Died 1909. 
W. T. Barkworth. 1 898-1909. Artist. 
Frederick Barnard. 1882- 1887. 
Sir Joseph Barnby. 1873-1895. Born 1S38; died 1896. 
Organist, conductor, composer, and teacher of music. 

W. T. Barnewall. 1 864- 1 887. 

Reginald Barratt. 1888-1916. R.W.S. Born 1861 ; died 1917. 

Was destined for architecture and studied under Norman Shaw, but his tastes led 
him to painting and to Paris, where he spent some time in the studio of Bouguereau. 
He devoted himself principally to water-colour, and chose his subjects in Italy and in 
India. He was for many years a well-known personality, and is the chief figure in the 
large portrait group by John Collier which adorns the billiard-room. 
The Club possesses several water-colour drawings by Reginald Barratt. 

*Francis Barraud. 19 19. 

CamILLE BARRliRE. 1872-1886. 

One of the early contributors to "The World." Well known in French political 
society and afterwards in Egypt, where his action was not generally friendly to this 
country. 

Wilson Barrett. 1885-1892. Born 1846; died 1904. 

Actor and manager. Popular and successful in both capacities; a picturesque and 
unmistakable personality, as evidenced by the following incident. Wilson Barrett 
was standing, it might almost be described as "posing," on the steps of Morley's 
Hotel, when the author of this volume happened to be passing; to whom a small 
and very excited vendor of evening newspapers rushed up, bursting with information : 
" Know who that is. Mister? That 's Wilson Barrett ! " 

Charles Edward Barry. 1884-1902. Architect. 
♦Montagu Barstow. 1917. 



THE MEMBERS 55 

W. H. Bartlett. 1 888- 1 890. Painter. 

F. B. Barwell. 1S63-1870. Original Member. 
*Allan Baumer. 1910. 
*Louis Baumer. 1909. 
•F. Fleming Baxter. 1905. 

*GlLI5ERT BAYES. I914. 

W. Bayes. 1871-1873. M.D. 

F. W. Bayley. 1 874- 1 894. An assayer to the Mint. 
*Charles Stuart Bayne. 1914. 
*James Prinsep Beadle. 1886. 
♦Frederick Samuel Beaumont. 1899. 
*R. H. Beaumont. 1907. 

Hugh R. Beaver. 1863- 1870. Original Member. 

Richard Beavis. 1867-1895. R.W.S. Born 1824; died 1896. 

Charles N. Beazley. 1863-1871. Original Member. 

Bernard H. Becker. 1877-1885. 

" A sound and safe general utility journalist of Dickensian training." — T. H. S. 
EscoTT, Clubs and Club Afetnbers. 

*A. P. Beddard. 1905. M.D. 
Lt.-Col. Henry Roscoe Beddoes. 1898-1919. Died 1919. 

A very popular member and a good bridge player. Drowned at sea when pro- 
ceeding on an official mission to Eastern Europe in the SS. Chonia, which struck a 
mine near Messina on the 15th January, 1919. His death was deeply regretted in 
the Club. 

Charles Desborough Bedford. 1873- 1884. Literary. 
Herbert Bedford. 1896-1905. Musical. 
George A. B. Beecroft. 1871-1873. Musical. 

Four tankards presented by him to the Club which he won as bow oar of the 
Christ Church Scratch Fours in 1866 are still in use. 

Charles Edward Beevor. 1885- 1909. M.D. Died 1909. Scientific. 
Worked at research with Sir Victor Horsley with important results. 

*Arthur C. Behrend. 1897. 
*George L. Behrend. 1914. 
*Lt.-Col. Henry David Behrend. 191 8. 

John Belcher. 1900-1911. R.A. Bom 1843; died 1913. Architect. 

A. C. Bell. 1865- 1896. 

F. Jeffrey Bell. 1884-1913. 

Professor of Comparative Anatomy at King's College. 



56 THE ARTS CLUB 

George Bell. 1887- 1896. Musical. 
*Henry Bell. 1920. 
♦Reginald Bell. 1918. 
*R. Anning Bell. 1897. A.R.A., R.W.S. 

Albert Belleroche. 1897-1916. Artist. 

Archibald Bence-Jones. 1896-1904. Literary. 

Sir Jules Benedict. 1863-1884. Original Member. Bom 1804; died 1885. 
Conductor of Italian opera and composer. 

George John Bennett. 1897- 1909. Mus. Doc. 

Organist, composer, and Professor R.A.M. 

George Nevitt Bennett. 1869- 1877. 

Joseph Bennett. 1873-1875. Literary and musical critic. 
*J. F. C. Bennett, 1899. 

E. L. F. Benzon. 1 863- 1 873. Original Member. 

Septimus Berdmore. 1863-1879. Original Member. 

John S. Bergheim. 1897-1912. Died 1912. Scientific. 

Oscar Beringer. 1891-1909. Musical. 

Frederick Bernard. 188 i -1886. Painter. 
♦Frederick Herman Bertram. 1899. 

Charles O. Bigg. 1880-1912. 

Was probably the member of the Club whose dress was the most carefully thought 
out. He was not unpopular, but was considered by many to hold himself somewhat 
too loftily aloof. 

*Percy Bigland. 1890. 
*Edward Arthur Erne.st Binstead. 1916. 
C. B. Birch. 1884-1885. A.R.A. Died 1893. 
George Bird, i 863-1 894. M.D. Original Member. 

" Dr. George Bird was an excellent physician, with whom Swinburne- became 
acquainted in 1866 at the Arts Club. A friend to whom Swinburne owed his life not 
once nor twice, and whose tastes were markedly intellectual and artistic. He had a 
nature sympathetic and serene." — D.N.B. 

Tom Bird. 1884- 1896. M.R.C.S. 

W. L. Bird. 1893- 1896. Artist. 

Geoffrey Birkbeck. 1901-1906. Artist. 
*Henry Birkbeck. 1916. 
*J. P, Bishop. 1905. 
♦Arthur J. Black. 1912. 

Edwin Black. 1883-1899. Died 1899. Painter. 



THE MEMBERS 57 

*Francis Black. 1894. R.B.A. 
Capt. W, Black. 1870- 1874. 
William Black. 1888-1896. Born 184 1 ; died 1898. 

Studied as an artist in the Glasgow School of Art, but exchanged Art for jour- 
nalism and went to Germany as war correspondent of the " Morning Star" during 
the Franco-Prussian war, but for the greater part of the war was under arrest on 
suspicion of being a spy. On his return home he published several successful novels. 

" The certainty of meeting with an agreeable woman and of details of travel and 
of sport, which, if not perfectly legitimate in their place, were sure to be entertaining, 
continued to maintain his popularity to the end of an active career, although he never 
regained the level of the best work of his middle period." — D.N.B. 
Henry Blackburn. 1864-1896. Bom 1830; died 1897. 

Black and white artist. Editor of "Academy Notes," which was for several years 
a popular guide to the R.A. exhibitions, giving reproductions of the pictures, gener- 
ally from sketches by the artists themselves. 
*Ernest Ireland Blackburne. 1903. 

F. E. Blackstone. 1863-1872. F.R.G.S., F.Z.S. Died 1892. Original 
Member. Scientific. 

William Evan Blakeney. 1872- 1885. 
Ernest Blandforu. 1895-1901. Musical. 

G. Fielding Blandford. 1874- 191 3. M.D. Scientific. 
Thomas Blanford. 1870-1913. 

William Thomas Blanford. 1872-1905. F.R.S. Died 1905. Scientific. 
Charles Turing Bleeck. i 867-1 878. 
♦Arthur C. Blomfield. 1898. 
Sir A. W. Blomfield. 1863-1900. A. R.A. Original Member. Born 1829; 
died 1899. Architect, mainly ecclesiastical. 

" Blomfield, who was a rowing man when young, and had occupied the bow seat 
in his college boat when head of the river, was fond in middle life of taking recrea- 
tion in acting, in which his fine voice, expressive, clean-shaved face, and real dramatic 
talent made him unusually successful."^ — D.N.B. 

•Charles James Blomfield. 1886. 
Sir Reginald Blomfield. 1899-1915. R.A. Architect. 
Arthur Cecil Blunt. 1876-1891. Born 1843; died 1896. 

Better known as " Arthur Cecil." Society entertainer and song writer. Acted 
for some years with the German Reeds. 

H. A. Blyth. 1 896- 1 900. 

*Ormond Blyth. 1914. 
*Henry Boddington. 1907. J. P. 
*H. Boddington, Junior. 1910. M.A., A.R.I.B.A. 

I 



58 THE ARTS CLUB 

Frederick Edwin Bodkin. 1893- 1896. Painter. 
Sir Edgar C. Boehm. 1916-1916. Second baronet. F.R.G.S. 
Henry Bond, i 863-1877. Original Member. 
*W. Trelawney Boodle. 1902. 
Thomas J. Boole. 1895-1914. 

William Henry James Boot. 1905-1919. R.I. Died 1919. 
Painter and writer on Gotliic architecture. 
*S. C. Bosch-Reitz. 1903. 

George H. Houghton. 1869-1896. R.A. Bom 1833; died 1905. Painter. 
Died suddenly in his studio at AVest House, Campden Hill, which Norman Shaw 
had built for him, and where he entertained hospitably Anglo-American society. 

" Boughton was kindly, genial, humorous, a lover of a good story, the essence of 
hospitality and wholly free from jealousy, malice, and uncharitable judgements." — 
The Times., obituary notice. 

VV. A. Boulnois. 1 863- 1 869. Original Member. 
James Boulton. 1876- 1887. 
Walter Bourne. 1869- 1870. M.D. Scientific. 
*H. A. Bowler. 1898. 
E. WiNGFiELD Bowles. 1898-1913. Engineer. 
George P. BoycE. 1863- 1879. R.W.S. Born 1826; died 1897. Original 

Member. 

He was one of the founders of the old Hogarth Club. He studied various styles 

of architecture on the Continent, but took up landscape art under the influence of 

David Cox with considerable success. 

William Boyd. 1874-1881. Literary. 

John Frederick Boyes. 1893- 1896. F.S.A. Died 1896. 

Boyes was a handsome man, 6 feet 4 inches in height. He was an excellent 
talker, with an inexhaustible fund of humorous anecdote. Himself a contributor to 
"The World" and "Punch," he had acquired an interesting collection of original 
sketches by Charles Keene and other artists which had been presented to him by 
them in friendly acknowledgement of suggestions he had supplied for illustration. 

Hercules B. Brabazon. 1S65-1874. 

Pierre Bracquemond. 1910-1914. 

A French painter who resided for some years in this country. He was one of the 
first to cultivate a taste for blue-and-white china, Japanese fans, lacquer work, printsi 
etc., to which his attention had been attracted by the accidental finding of a book on 
the subject by Hokusai in a package of oriental wares. He was the associate of 
Whistler, the Rossettis, Burne-Jones, and Ruskin, to whom he communicated his 
enthusiasm as a collector of these artistic products of the Eastern Empires. 

*VV. Lawrence Bradbury. 1904. 




ALCEKNON HREXT 
Reprociihcd by the kind pei mis.sion of Mr. Noniinn Evill. 



THE MEMBERS 50 

*SiR J- RosK Bradford. 1893. K.C.M.G., M.D., F.R.S. 
Hasil Bradley. 1868- 1902. R.W.S. Died 1904. Painter. 
Frank Bramley. 1901-1915. R.A. Born 1857; died 191 5. 
One of the best-known artists of the " Newlj n " school. 

♦Richard F. W. Brandt. 1916. 

*Robert E. Brandt. 1914. 
Frank Brangwyn. 1902-1909. R.A. Painter. 

*A, Francis Braun. 1905. 
Algernon Brent. 1863-1915. F.R.G.S. Died 1916. Original Member. 

Algernon Brent was an immemorial institution of the Club. His bushy white 
whiskers, solemn air, and venerable appearance struck awe and admiration into many 
generations of new members. He was somewhat of a misogynist, and so keenly 
resented the intrusion of ladies on the two days in the year when the Club was open 
to them, that he has been known to seize on one of the principal rooms and lock 
himself in with all the newspapers he could lay his hands on. He was believed to 
be over ninety when he died, but he was always reticent on the subject of his age, 
and no other member was in a position to verify it. He was, however, vigorous 
almost to the last, and always walked home to his rooms, which were at a consider- 
able distance from the Club and up several flights of stairs. 

*CoL. Harry d' Arch Breton. 1897. R.E, 
C. C. Brewer. 1910-1916. 

Edward Frederick Brewtnall. i 881-1893. R.W.S. Born 1846; died 
1902. 

A water-colour painter whose especial distinction lay in his brilliant colouring, 
his admirable flesh tints, and his skies. 

*H. Scott Bridgwater. 1898. 

Major T. R. Bridson. 1864- 1868. 

Ernest E. Briggs. 1908-1913. R.I. Died 1913. Painter. 
*Thomas Ellis Briggs. 19 17. 
*Frederick E. Bristowe. 1894. 
*SiR Thomas Brock. 1884. K.C.B., R.A. 
*H. Wilkinson Brooks. 1917. 

Robert Brough. 1898-1905. A.R.S.A. Bom 1872; died 1905. 
Scottish portrait painter. Killed in a railway accident near Leeds. 

*Cecil H. Brown. 1897. 
Fred Brown. 1893-1919. 
George Peploe Brown. 1881-1892. Artist. 
J. H. Oswald Brown. 1878-1891. Architect. 
J. Roberts Brown. 1869- 1896. F.R.G.S. 



6o THE ARTS CLUB 

Rev. Charles Gordon Browne. 1872-1879. Died 1880. 

Henry Edward John Browne. 1887-1916. Died 1917. Painter. 

A popular member, and a generous donor to the Club. He gave the pair of 
candelabra on the drawing-room writing tables and the bronze birds on the chimney- 
piece in the lounge. He also lent the two pictures by Fantin Latour which, after 
his death, were given to the Club by his sister. 

Lennox Browne. 1882-1885. M.D. Scientific. 
*A. H. Brownrigg. 1919. 

W. W. Bruce. 1874-1907. Died 1907. 

T. Bruce-Gardyne. 1 878- 1 888. Artist. 

Albert Bruce-Joy. 1879-1916. R.H.A. Sculptor. 

L'ouLS Bruck-Lagos. 1 893- 1 896. 

Burleigh Bruhl. 1911-1914. 

Rt. Hon. Sir John Brunner. 1895-1907. M.P. 

Abel Buckley. 1897-1905. 
*Martin a. Buckmaster. 1897. 

G. Budd. 1900-1915. Died 1916. 

G. Laurence Bulleid. 1891-1897. A.R.W.S. 

The son of a solicitor, he followed his father's profession and practised for some 
years. As a painter in water-colours he generally chose classical subjects for the 
exercise of his art. 

*WiLLiAM Bullock. 1908. M.D. 
*Edgar Bundy. 1917. A.R.A., R.I. 
Sir Henry Burdett. 1893-1902. K.C.B., K.C.V.O. Born 1847; died 1920. 

Began life in a bank, but left after a serious illness which deprived him of the 
greater part of his hair, and was elected secretary of a hospital. He was afterwards 
appointed secretary of the Share and Loan Department of the Stock Exchange. 
Burdett had an unlimited capacity for work, and while devoting himself to the im- 
portant duties of his post he found time and energy to undertake the organization of 
the hospital system of the kingdom, in the course of which there were few of the 
hospitals which he did not personally inspect. In connection with his Stock Exchange 
duties he published " Burdett's Official Intelligence" and in connection with his 
voluntary philanthropic work, " Burdett's Hospitals and Charities," and he was 
mainly instrumental in starting the King's Hospital Fund. 

" He was tall, well-built, with a finely-proportioned figure, his features were 
handsome and regular, his eyes had something of the blaze that denoted an ardent 
and restless temperament. A great and vivifying force in many good causes which 
demanded the combination of keen business sense and strong sympathy with 
humanity is removed with his death." — T. P. O'Connor, M.P., obituary notice in 
TJie Daily Telegraph. 



THE MEMBERS 6i 

William BURGES. 1863-1881. A.R.A. ]5om 1828; died.1881. Original 
Member. 

"A learned archaeologist who had an extraordinary talent as a designer of gold- 
smith's work. A man of consisrtenl cheerfulness, a buoyant and happy creature." — 
H. Stacy Marks, R.A., Pen and Pencil Sketches. 
John Bagnold Burgess. 1863-1897. R.A. Born 1829; died 1897. Original 
Member. Painter of landscapes and Spanish scenes. 

" His loss was keenly felt by a large circle of friends to whom he was endeared 
by his kindly, unassuming and hospitable nature. He was very popular in his 
profession." — D.N.B. 
Augustus Burke. 1876-1891. R.H.A. Born 1838; died 189 1. Landscape 

and subject painter. 
C. C. Burke, i 899-1905. Died 1905. 
*Harold Burke. 1887. 
Henry Farnham Burke. 1904-1914. Somerset Herald. 
Alfred Burnet. 1889-1905. rrofessor R.A.M. 
*SiR J. J. Burnet. 1898. A.R.S.A., LL.D., F.R.S. 
A. Wildman Burnett. 1869-1890. Died 1890. 
Sir Philip Burne-Jones. 1899-1901. Second baronet. 
*W. G. BURN-MURDOCK. 1903. 

A. Leicester Burroughs. 1899-1918. Painter. 

Sir F. VV. Burton. 1865-1873. F.S.A. Born 1816; died 1900. 

Director of the National Gallery. 

"His intimate knowledge of the works of the Old Masters and his unerring 
judgement of their methods and manners were the outcome of long and careful study 
of their works in the various galleries of Europe. "^Brvan, Dictionary of Painters. 
Edward Burtt. 1914-1915. Died 191 5. Scientific. 

Lost in the transport Royal Edward in the Dardanelles, 14 August 191 5. 

Edward Henry Busk. 1872-1886. Artist. 
*J. LangtoN Butcher. 1863. Original Member. 
F. Hayward Butt. 1905-1913. Died 1913. 
Thomas Buzzard. 1867-1919. M.D. Died 1919. 

Dr. Buzzard was attached to the British Medical Staff of the Ottoman Army in 
the Crimea and to the Headquarter Staff of Omar Pasha in Transcaucasia, and he 
published an interesting volume of his experiences. He was a kind-hearted and 
hospitable man, and a popular member of the Club. 

* J AMES T. CaCKETT. 191 8. 

*F. C. B. Cadell. 19 1 8. 

*T. Watt Cafe. 1897. R.B.A. 



62 THE ARTS CLUB 

Randolph Caldecott. 1872-1885. Born 1846; died 1886. 

" It can be said with truth that Caldecott was a man of whom all spoke well ; his 
presence seemed to dispel all jealousies if ever they existed, and to scatter evil spirits 
if ever they approached him."— H. Blackburn, Randolph Caldecott. 

"Caldecott's genius was thoroughly English, as he delighted in portraying 
English country and out-of-door life. Nothing could suppress his native cheerfulness. 
The quality and quantity of his work done manfully under painful conditions was 
heroic."— ZJ.TV.^. 

*W. Frank Calderon. 1906. 
*Edmund Caldwell. 191 6. 
*Lance Calkin. 191 8. 

Edward Calvert. 1867-1882. Born 1799; died 1883. Artist and wood 
engraver. 

" He was extremely fastidious, and although incessantly at work was always dis- 
satisfied with the result."— Z>.yV.i?. 

E. Sherwood Calvert. 1888- 1899. Died 1899. Painter. 
*D. Y. Cameron. 1898. R.A., A.R.S.A. 

Hugh Cameron. 1876-1893. R.S.A. Born 1835; died 1918. Fainter. 
*Lt.-Col. Alexander Campbell. 1914. C.M.G., D.S.O., R.E. 
*Captain William Lachlan Campbell. 1914. CLE, 

Sir Samuel Canning. 1863-1871. Born 1823; died 1908. Original Member. 
Pioneer responsible for laying the earliest Atlantic cables. 

*Chevalier Enrico Canziani. 19 10. 

Francis S. Carey. 1871-1875. Artist. 

George Munro Carfrae. 1896-1899. M.D. Died 1900. Scientific. 
*Herbert Carmichael. 1892. 
*William Douglas Caroe. 1889. 
*Charles Carpenter. 1910. 

William Carpenter. 1865-1S71. C.E., D.Sc. Scientific 

David Carr. 1876- 1896. Painter. 

Horace F. Carr. 1896- 1899. Died 1900. 

Jonathan Fuller Carr. 1896-1909. 

Jonathan T. Carr. 187 i- 1896. 

Joseph William Comyns Carr. 1872-1895. Born 1849; died 1916. 

Called to the Bar but did not practise. A well-known art critic and theatrical 
manager. A good talker and after-dinner speaker. 

James Yates Carrington. 1887-1891. Artist. 
Hugh Carter. 1865-1903. Died 1903. Artist. 

A picture in memory of Hugh Carter was given to the Club by his son, P'rank Carter. 



THE MEMBERS 63 

William Carter. 1889- 1893. Portrait painter. 
♦William Carter. 1911. 
*S. J. Cartlidge. 1906. 

S. Cartwright. 1 863- 1 89 1. Died 1891. Original Member. 
A. Casella. 1 896- 1 909. 
*W. A. Casparl 19 1 6. 
Daniel C. A. Cave. 1892-1896. 
Walter F. Cave. 1887- 1896. 
W. B. Chamberlin. 1893-1906. R.W.S. Artist. 
Major J. N. Champion. 1863-1869. R.E. Original Member. 
S. R. Chapman. 1863- 1880. Died 1880, Original Member. 
S. Arthur Chappell. 1867-1893. 
*Edward Chappel. 1918. R.O.I. 
John Charlton. 1887-1917. R.O.I. Died 1917. Animal painter. 

He was a keen and scientific student of natural history who knew all about the 
points of a horse. He lived chiefly in the North, but when in London was a constant 
attendant at the Club, where he was very popular, his rough Northern humour being 
much appreciated. He lost in the War his two sons, to whom he was devotedly 
attached — a blow which destroyed his interest in life, and which he did not long 
survive. 

George Chater. 1870-1913. 
*Lt.-Col. Stanley Chatfield-Clarke. 1898. 
George Frederick Chester. 1888-1890. Painter. 
Horace Cheston. 1884-1913. Architect. 
Nicholas Chevalier. 1877- 1885. Painter. 
Theodore Child. 1875-1890. Died 1893. Literary. 
Henry Fothergill Chorley. 1868-1872. Born 1808; died 1872. Author 

and musical critic. 

"Upright, sincere, generous, and affectionate; irritable and opinionated, but 

essentially placable; an acute and courageous critic; a genuine, if incomplete artist, 

a warm-hearted, honorable gentleman." — D.N.B. 

J. Henry Christian. 1863-1906. Born 1832; died 1906. Original Member. 
Architect. 

A. H. Christie. 1865-1886. 

James Christie. 1865-1897. Died 1897. 

F. Dare Clapham. 1910-1914. Died 1914. 
*Kenneth M. Clark. 1909. 
*Percy Clark. 1910. 



64 THE ARTS CLUB 

Ernest Clarke. 1891-1896. Scientific and literary. 
H. Saville Clarke. 1S63-1872. Original Member. 
Contributor of society verse to " Punch." 

*Max Clarke. 1914. 

P. Edkins Clarke. 1905-1907. 
*George Clausen. 1909. R.A., R.W.S. 

Sir Arthur Clav. 1873-1890. Baronet. 

Frederick E. Clay. 1867- 1880. 

A scholarly amateur musician and a successful composer of songs. 

John William Clay, i 895-1 905. J. P. Literature and archaeology. 
*Edward Clayton. 1891. K.C. 

John Richard Clayton. 1883-1913. Born 1827; died 1913. 

Studied as a sculptor, but having designed a stained-glass window for an architect 
who was his friend, his success was so great that he devoted himself thenceforth to 
that branch of art, and as a member of the well-known firm of Clayton and Bell 
designed windows for many churches — among others the west window of King's 
College, Cambridge. In his early years he was intimate with the members of the 
P.R.B., breakfasted with Gabriel Rossetti, and remembered that the butter appeared 
on the table on a sheet of paper in consequence of a scarcity of plates. His house 
in Fairfax Road was a museum of objects of art, and he entertained his friends there 
with genial hospitality. His circle included many poor and struggling artists, who 
insisted on making him their e.xecutor, so that he said that, like the elder Mr. Weller, 
he had a dread of widows. 

" A sculptor at heart, he became a glass painter, although for some time his work 
was divided between glass painting, sculpture, and drawing on wood for ' The Illus- 
trated London News.'" — H. Stacy Marks, R.A., Pen and Pencil Sketches. 

T. Reginald Cleaver. 1896-1918. Artist. 
*C. F. M. Cleverly. 1898. 
*H. Clogstown. 1917. 

Frederick Pepys Cockerell. 1863-1878. Born 1S33; died 1878. Original 
Member. 

"Equally familiar with Gothic and Classic architecture, as his erected works 
testify."— Z>.iV;^. 

S. Pepys Cockerell. i 863-1 869. Original Member. 
Charles F. COGHLAN. 1875-1896. Actor and dramatist. 
G. A. Cohen. 1896-1916. 
A. S. Coke. 1874- 1896. Artist. 
*TnoMAS Edward Colcutt. 1897. 
C.F.Cole. 1897- 1899. 




JOIIX RRIIAKD CLAViUN 
Kipioduced by ihc kind pcniiisiioti oj Mi. Xoi man Evill. 



THE MEMBERS 65 

ViCAT Cole. 1869-1892. R.A. Born 1833; died 1893. 

" One of the most popular landscape painters of his day, who painted principally 
scenes in Surrey and on the Thames. He was typically a lover and painter of 
English landscapes, and his work was characterized by a straightforward directness 
of technique, a delicate sense of colour, a keen eye for the picturesque, and a close, 
if not very inspired, observation of nature."— Bryan, Dictionary of Painters. 

*C. C. Coleman. 1878, 
W.S.Coleman. 1864- 1896. Died 1904. 

Was a hard-working and conscientious water-colour artist, whose pictures of very 
young girls in a variety of graceful attitudes at one time appealed to the popular 
taste; so much so, that for a season or two the style was almost universally adapted 
to Christmas cards. 
Ernest H. Coleridge. 1875-1885. Literary. 
*J. Norman Collie. 1897. F.R.S. 
*HoN. John Collier. 1876. 

Presented to the Club the fine portrait group of well-known members which 
adorns the billiard-room. 

Laurence Collier. 1912-1917. Literary. 

Thomas Collier. 1882-1888. R.I. Died 189 1. Painter. 

Raymond R. Collins. 1887-1905. Literary. 

WiLKiE Collins. 1866- 1869. Born 1824; died 1889. 

" Though a genial host, he adopted a somewhat cynical and pessimistic tone in 
conversation." — D.N.B. 

" He had a full beard and always wore spectacles. A peculiarity of his otherwise 
regular features was a swelling of the frontal bone considerably protruding on the 
right side of his spacious forehead. In his moments of good health he used to be a 
ready and amiable talker, but unfortunately they were rare." — Rudolph Lehmann 
and H. C. Marillier, Men and Women of tlie Century. 

Robert Collinson. 1877- 1888. Painter. 
*WiLLiAM Robert Colton. 1905. R.A. 
Sir Sidney CoLviN. 1863-1871. Original Member. 

Art critic and Slade Professor. Biographer of Keats and Landor and an authority 
on prints and engravings. 

Edward Combes. 1889-1896. C.M.G. Painter. 
William Connal. 1897- 1909. Civil engineer. 
Sir Robert Lowden Connell. 1918. 
DuttoN Cook. 1864- 1883. Bom 1832; died 1883. 

Dramatic critic and author of numerous works of fiction. 

E. Wake Cook. 1907-1909. 

K 



66 THE ARTS CLUB 

Charles H. Cooke. 1875-1888. F.S.A. Architect. 
George E. Cooke. 1873- 1903. Died 1903. Artist in stained glass. 
*James Ingram Cooke. 1896. 
Waddington Cooke. 1907-1918. 
T. COOMBES. 1 863- 1 875. Original Member 
*Clive F. Cooper. 1905. 
*J. A. Campbell Cooper 191 8. 
Thomas Edwin Cooper. 1910-1914. Architect. 
T.G.Cooper. 1863-1895. Original Member. 

Son of T. Sidney Cooper, R.A. ; was commonly known as "Tommy" Cooper. 
He was a painter of some ability, but was thrown into the shade by his father, whose 
style of portraying cattle and sheep he followed somewhat too closely to allow him 
much claim to originality. 

Sir Arthur Stockdale Cope. 1899-1909. R.A. 
Matthew R. Corbett. 1870-1891. 
*Percy Corder. 1906. 
*Walter Shewell Corder. 1920. 

Frederick John Arthur Corfield. 1902-1914. Architect. 
*H. C. Corlette. 1906. 

Frederick Williams CosENS. 1873-1889. F.S.A. Died 1890. 
*J. DA Costa. 1905. R.O.I. 
*E. Boyd Costin. 1897. 
F. G. COTMAN. 1 896- 1906. Fainter. 
Henry William COTMAN. 1900-1911. Architect. 
Daniel Cottier. 1870-1875. 
*SiR Frederick Hymen Cowen. 1896. Mus. Doc. 
*Frank Cadogan Cowper. 1910. R.A. 
Edward Crabb. 1872- 1892. 
John Dibblee Grace. 1864-1919. Bom 1838; died 1919. 

One of the earliest members of the Club, to which he belonged for fifty-five 
years. He carried out much decorative work of a highly artistic character in the 
interior of public buildings, such as the National Gallery, the Victoria Hall, Leeds 
Town Hall, and the Indian Room in the Imperial Institute. He published a useful 
volume on " The Art of Colour in Decoration." 

Lewis Paxton Grace, i 879-1919. Died 1919. 

A brother of the preceding; an architect by profession and a well-known member 
of the Club for forty years. It was his amusement to frequent the Caledonian 
Market, where he thought himself fortunate if, among his numerous purchases, he 
occasionally picked up some unconsidered trifle of an interesting nature. His end 



THE MEMBERS 67 

was a sad one, as owing to a lack of energy to battle with his troubles, he came to 
the conclusion that life was no longer worth living. His death came as a shock to 
his numerous friends, by whom he is much regretted. 

Frank Craig. 1910-1916. Born 1874; died 1918. 

Painter and black-and-white artist. On the staff of " The Graphic." 

*R. Newton Crane. 1907. 
Walter Crane. 1903-1914. R.W.S. Born 1845; died 1915. 

Was distinguished in many branches of Art. A painter in oil and water-colour, a 
black-and-white artist and an engraver, he was perhaps best known as a designer of 
decorative work for the interiors of buildings and as the founder of the Arts and Crafts 
Exhibitions, for the success of which he worked untiringly and was mainly responsible. 
An ardent and convinced Socialist, he was somewhat combative and eager to propa- 
gate his own views by means of lectures, speeches, and writings. He had travelled 
much and made friends in many lands. 

H. O. Cresswell. 1897-1918. Died 1918. 

A clever architect, who did much hard and useful work for the Government during 
the late war. He was a keen bridge player and a constant and ever- welcome frequenter 
of the Club. He died very suddenly from the exertion of drawing a cork from a 
wine bottle preparatory to dining, an enviable death for a thoroughly good fellow 
who appreciated a good dinner and a good bottle of wine. 

James Creighton-Browne. i 884-1 885. Scientific 

Wilson Crewdson. 1893-1896. 

Ernest Crofts. 1896-1907. R.A. Born 1847; died 1911. Painter of his- 
torical and battle pictures. 

" Ernest Crofts had a handsome face, a pleasant voice, and extremely refined 
manners."— G. D. Leslie, R.A., The Inner Life of the Royal Academy. 

*T. Mewburn Crook. 191 5. R.B.S. 

John C. Crooke. 1900-1915. Painter. 

H. Crookenden. 1863-1875. Original Member. 

Lt.-Col. H. H. Crookenden. 1870- 1896. 

James Croome. 1870-1873. M.A. 

George Crosland-Robinson. 1891-1896. Artist. 

Herbert Crossley. 1895- 1906. 

James Crowdy. i 863-1 871. Original Member. 

Eyre Crowe. 1863-1870. A.R.A. Bom 1824; died 1910. Original Mem- 
ber. Historical and genre painter. Closely associated with Thackeray in 
his American lecturing tour. 

" Besides possessing a very intimate acquaintance with English literature, Crowe 
had a strong sense of humour of the Hogarthian type and a perfect mastery of the 
French language." — G. D. Leslie, R.A., The Inner Life of the Royal Academy. 



68 THE ARTS CLUB 

*Frederick Cullen. 1904. 
*Macbeth Cullen. 1920. 

G. Cullen-Pearson. 1888- 1894. 

William Hayman Cummings. i 865-1910. F.S.A. Mus. Doc. 

Oratorio singer and writer on musical subjects. Professor of singing. 

" The possessor of a splendid musical library." — Groves, Dictionary of Music. 

Andrew Currie. 1910-1916. Died 1916. 

Henry D. Curtis. 1895-1896. 

Was an enthusiastic amateur musician and soldier. In the first capacity he 
played the violoncello for many years in " The Wandering Minstrels " orchestra, and 
in the second was one of the earliest members of the original Rifle Volunteer force, 
in which he always took an active interest. 

Henry Curzon. 1865-1891. 
♦Claude Cuthbert. 1920. B.A. 



W. G. Daffarn. 1897-1919. Died 1919. 
*T. J. Dalgleish. 1919. 
W. S. Daller. 1865-1871. 
F. H. Daly. 1863- 187 5. Original Member. 
Edward Dalziel. 1876-1892. Born 1817; died 1905. 

Art printer, draughtsman, wood engraver, and newspaper proprietor. 

George Dalziel. 1883-1892. Bom 1815; died 1902. 

The description applies to both brothers. 
Charles G. Danford. 1876-1885. Scientific, Zoologist. 
Francis W. Davenport. 1884- 1896. Musician. 
*Murray Macdonald Davey. 1917. 
Alfred David.son. 1875-1901. Died 1901. Engineer. 
* Arthur J. Davidson. 1896. 
John Davidson. 1866- 1878. Died 1880. 

Was mainly instrumental in forming the Club library, to which he was a generous 
donor. 

John R. Davidson. 1863-1871. M.A. Original Member. 

Louis Davidson. 1874-1895. Musician. 

Louis Davidson. 1907-1913. 

Thomas Davidson. 1868- 1888. 

William Moniston Davies. 1912-1916. M.D. Scientific. 
*H. Davis-Richter. 1919. 
♦Stuart Davis. 1902. 



THE MEMBERS 69 

Thomas G. Davis. 1896-1912. Literary. 
*E. Guy Dawber. 1903. 
Charles Daws, i 897-1 901. Architect. 
Walter F. Dawson, i860- 1877. 
Lewis F. Day. 1885-1895. 

Decorative artist and writer. Prominently associated with Arts and Crafts. 

•Allan Deacon. 1903. 
Frederick J. Dean. 1872-1875. 
Thomas Manby Deane. 1892-1893. Architect. 

Sir Thom.'\s Newenham Deane. 1877- 1893. R.H.A. Born 1828; died 
1899. Architect. 

" He was a man of a light and elastic temperament and social disposition, and 
enjoyed a wide popularity in Dublin." — D.N.B. 

J. H. D'Egville. 1 863- 1 879. Original Member. 
Water-colour artist. Painter of Venetian lagoons. 

*Alphonse de Meulemeester. 1916. 
C.T.Dent. 1891-1912. F.R.C.S. Died 1912. Scientific. 
Louis William Desanges. 1880- 1886. Artist. 
Emanuel Deutsch. 1863-1872. Bom 1829; died 1873. 

A very learned Semitic scholar. An authority on the Talmud- Assistant in the 
British Museum. 

*H. Browne Devey. 1896. 
*SlR T. L. Devitt. 1897. Baronet. 
*LoRD Dewar. 191 8. 
Frank Dicey. 1877- 1888. Died 1888. Painter. 
Henry Dicey. 1866-1875. 

Charles Dickens. 1863- 1870. Bom 181 2 ; died 1870. Original Member. 
" Brown of hair and beard, somewhat pale of visage, he had quite exceptionally 
bright and active eyes; eyes that were always darting about like brilliant birds to 
pick up all the tiny things of which he made more perhaps than any novelist has 
done. The mouth behind the brown beard was large and mobile and like that of an 
actor; indeed, he was an actor, in many things too much of an actor. The dress of 
the Dickens period was somewhat slipshod and somewhat gaudy. It was a lime of 
loose pegtop trousers of an almost Turkish oddity, of large ties and loose long 
whiskers. Yet even this expansive period, it must be confessed, considered Dickens 
a little too flashy. Such a man would wear velvet coats and wild waistcoats that 
were like incredible sunsets; he would wear those odd white hats of an unnecessary 
and startling whiteness. He did not mind being seen in sensational dressing-gowns ; 
it is said he had his portrait painted in one of them. He was an absolutely in- 



70 THE ARTS CLUB 

dependent and self-respecting man, but he had no objection to being stared at if he 
was admired." — G. K. Chesterton, Charles Dickens. 

Dickens's cheque for his last annual subscription, paid the year of his death, is 
framed and reverently preserved by the Club. 

Charles Dickens, Junior. 1868-1871. Born 1837; died 1896. 

Editor and proprietor of "All the Year Round" after his father. Author of 
" Dickens's Dictionary of London," etc., etc. 

Henry F. Dickens. 1874-1886. 

Lowes Dickenson. 1863- 1879. Original Member. Literary. 
*Frank Dicksee. 1881. R.A. 
Stauros Dilberogue. 1873-1880. 

Frank Dillon. 1866-1904. R.I. Born 1823; died 1909. 
Water-colour artist. Painted Egyptian scenery. 

*RUD0LF DiRCKS. I918. 

Arthur Ditchfield. i 864-1 871. 

F. C. DiXEY. 1 886- 1 896. Artist. 
*Lennox B. Dixon. 1919. 

Percy Dixon. 1896-1905. Painter. 

C. DODD. 1897-1915. Died 1916. 
*Charles Fitzroy Doll. 1896. 
*John Charles Dollman. 1896. R.W.S. 

Alfred Domett. 1875- 1877. Literary. 

Andrew B. Donaldson. 1869- 1875. 
*Walter J. Donne. 1899. 

T. Donnithorne. i 867-1 887. 

Alban Doran. 1879-1912. F.R.C.S. Scientific. 

J. T. DORINGTON. 1865-1871. 

Lord Dormer. 1891-1900. F.Z.S. Bom 1830; died 1900. Twelfth Baron. 
Scientific. 
*CArT. H. P. Douglas. 1919. R.N. C.M.G. 

Charles Palmer Downing. 1877-1888. Painter. 
♦Henry Philip Burke Downing. 1913. F.S.A. 

Alfred C. Dowson. 1863- 1879. Original Member. 
*H. M. Dowson. 1914. 

Russell Dowson. 1877- 191 4. Died 19 14. Artist. 

Major-Gen. J. Mervyn Drake. 1884-1891. C.B. Died 1S91. Scientific. 
♦Herbert J. Draper. 1899. 



THE MEMBERS 71 

Henry Eeles Dresser. 1876-1886. 

Ornithologist, who wrote many volumes on birds. 

Conrad Dre.ssler. 1907- 1909. 

F. D. Drewett. 1 904- 1 909. M.P. Scientific. 
*Afred Drury. 1900. R.A. 
*G. Drysdale. 1909. 

Robert Ellis Dudgeon. 1865-1871. M.F. Scientific. 
*J. R. Keith Duff. 1907. 
*T. C. Dugdale. 1919. 

George Du Maurier. 1863- 1896. liom 1S34; died 1896. 

" No artist of Du Maurier's generation was more justly loved by his personal 
friends or had made a larger circle of unknown friends by the pleasure he had 
afforded every week for more than thirty years." — D.N.B. 

" For his ' Punch ' drawings, generally representing people of fashionable appear- 
ance, he used to employ models who could wear his clothes and his wife's; nice, 
clean people. In these preliminary pencil drawings there was no attempt to give the 
heads, the places and sizes of which were indicated only, but the clothes were care- 
fully done. From such studies he drew the composition again with ink, adding the 
heads to suit the characters of the subjects. These heads he would do from memory, 
never making a likeness which could be offensive to the persons depicted. Some- 
times friends — ladies — were asked to sit for him, but not often, as he had very desir- 
able models close at hand in his daughters and grandchildren." — T. Armstrong, C.B., 
Reminiscences of Du Maurier. 

Walter Duncan. 1887-1891. R.W.S. 

A water-colour painter of ideal figure subjects, mainly classical or mediaeval, 
varied with pastoral landscapes in which figures are prominent. 
*E. F. DuncansON. 1910. 
♦Charles Dunn. 1904. 
C. H. W. Dunn. 1907-1910. 



C. Earle. 1865-1892. Died 1893. 

Sir Alfred East. 1889-1913. R.A. Born 1849; died 1913. Landscape 

painter, especially of Japanese scenery. 
W. H. East. 1895-1905. Artist. 
Charles Locke Eastlake. 1873-1875. Died 1906. Architect. 

For twenty years Keeper and Secretary of the National Gallery. 
Gen. F. Eber. 1864-1877. 
*t. e. eccles. 191 1. 
R. C. Eaton Edevain. 1864- 1869. 



72 THE ARTS CLUB 

Col. Robert VVilkie Edis. 1863-1903. F.S.A. Architect. 

An enthusiastic and efficient colonel of the Artists' Corps, in command whereof 
he succeeded Lord Leighton in 1876. 
R. W. H. Edis. 1886- 1896. 

Alfred Sanderson Edward. 1897-1904. R.B.A. 
*F. SwiNFORD Edwards. 1916. F.R.C.S. 

Henry Sutherland Edwards. 1877-1885. Bom 1828; died 1906. Musical 
critic. 

Contributor to " Punch." First editor of " The Graphic." Special correspondent 
of " The Times " in the Franco-German war. 
Capt. J. G. Edwardes. 1 866- 1 873. 
Augustus G. Ekin. 1870-1893. Died 1894. 
*Frank Minshall Elgood. 1919. 
Alfred Elias. 1872- 1909. 
Ney Elias. 1873-1886. Born 1844; died 1897. Literary. 

Traveller in Mongolia and Central China. 
*George Elkington. 1905. 

Charles Wynn Ellis. 1898-1914. Died 1915. Artist. 
Joseph Ellis. 1872-1875. Literary. 
Tristram James Ellis. 1877-1889. Artist. 
Cuthbert Ellison. 1863- 1869. Original Member. 
Guy Elliston. 1909-1917. Died 1918. 
*N. Elmslie. 1920. 
*P. W. Elwell. 1919. 
*Charles Emerson. 191 8. 
Sir William Emerson. 1898-1919. 
William Emerson. 1869-1891. 
*Lt.-Col. E. L. Engleheart. 1909. 
•Vincent J. Escn. 1919. 
J. H. S. Escott. 1 866- 1 87 1. 

*Henry Launcelot Etherington-Smith. 1905. 
Henry A. M. Evans. 1873- 1896. 
Herbert E. Evans. 1897-1905. Died 1905. Painter. 
John C. Evans. 1863-1887. Original Member. 
S. T.G.Evans. 1865-1869. 

Drawing master at Eton and a water-colour painter of marine subjects. One of 
the earliest members of the old Rifle Volunteer force. 

Sir Frederic S. Eve. 1896-1916. F.R.C.S. Died 1916. Scientific. 




HENRY ROBERT EVERS 

RtProiiiited hy tit,: kind permission of Mr. Norman EvilL 



THE MEMBERS 73 

*H. F. Harwood Eve. 1918. 
J. B. Even. 1864- 1873. 
*Reginald G. Eves. 1914. R.O.I. 

*NORMAN EVILL. 1902. 

Frederick Ewbank. 1896-1910. M.R.C.S. Scientific. 
*H. E. EYER.S. 19 19. 
Henry Robert Eyers. 1876-1918. Died 1919. 

Professor R.A.M., one of several musical professors who joined when the houses 
of the Club and the Royal Academy of Music were next door to one another. Many 
of them fell out when the Club removed to Dover Street, but Eyers continued his 
membership up to the time of his death. 

John F. Faed. 1884-1886. R.S.A. Born 1819; died 1902. 

Originally a miniature painter, but afterwards took to figure subjects, mainly from 
the Bible, Shakespeare, and Scott. 
Thomas Faed. 1881-1890. R.A. Born 1826; died 1900. 

Painter of pathetic subjects in humble Scottish life, appealing especially to 
Scottish religious sentiment. He was one of the most successful of those Victorian 
artists who always worked with a view to the requirements of the engraver, and he 
got very high prices for the copyright of his pictures. 

*C. E. Fagan. 1919. C.B. 
Charles Edward Fagan. 1873-1877. 

Assistant in the Principal Librarian's Department of the British Museum. 
W. Trant Fagan. 1901-1907. Actor. 

Louis Alexander Fagan. 1871-1903. J. P. Born 1845; died 1903. Etcher 
and writer on art. 

Assistant in the Department of Engravings of the British Museum. His portrait 
in oils, painted by J. S. Sargent, R.A., was presented by his widow to the Club. 

Edward Henry Fahey. 1885-1895. Painter. 
Robert Fairbank. 1895-1910. M.R.C.S. Died 1910. 
Henry G. Fanner. 1885- 1890. 
*Eaton Fanning. 1899. Mus. Doc. 
F. J. Fargus. 1884-1885. Died 1885. 

Under the pseudonym of " Hugh Conway " he wrote " Called Back," a tale that 
earned for him a brief popularity, which his few subsequent works did nothing to 
enhance, and which his eady death gave him no opportunity to maintain. 

*L0RD Faringdon. 1897. 
*Horace C. N. Farquharson. 1899. 
♦Joseph Farquharson. 1874. R.A. 

L 



74 THE ARTS CLUB 

Herbert Montgomerie Farrington. 1897-1905. Literary. 
Frank Farwell. 1865- 1892. Died 1893. 
Frederick George Farwell. 1866-1906. Died 1906. 
*W. P. Feeney. 1896. 
W. W. Fenn. 1 863-1906. Original Member. 

Was an artist, who up to the age of thirty-five years painted landscapes with 
increasing success. He then became totally blind. Resigned to his fate, he never 
lost his cheerful optimism, but betook himself to literary work, and with the aid of 
an amanuensis published several volumes of essays and stories, of which the best 
known is "A Blind Man's Holiday." He was for many years a familiar figure in the 
Club, where he was much appreciated for his social qualities and excited sympathy 
with his misfortune and admiration for the pluck with which he bore it. The Club 
possesses a portrait of Fenn by James Archer, R.S.A. 
Rodney John Fennessy. 1896-1915. Died 1915. 
Charles J. Ferguson. 1900-1905. F.S.A. Architect. 
J. R. Ferguson. 1870- 1877. 
*Harry S. Fernau. 191 1. 

B. Ferrey. 1 863- 1 880. F.S.A. Original Member. 
Charles Waterlow Ferrier. 1904-1920. 
Sir David Ferrier. 1893-1915. M.D., F.R.S. Brain specialist. 
Major-General Edward R. Festing. 1863-1871. C.B., F.R.S. Born 1839; 
died 191 2. Original Member. 

Director of the Science Museum at South Kensington. Served throughout the 
Indian Mutiny. 
Basil Field. 1866- 1909. Died 1909. 
Horace Field. 1900- 19 14. Architect. 
Capt. Henry W. Fielden. i 881-1885. 

Naturalist to Arctic Expedition. Geologist and zoologist. 
*SiR Luke Fildes. 1873. K.C.V.O., R.A. 
*Luke V. Fildes. 1907. 
*Paul G. Fildes. 1907. 

*ALEX. J. FiNBERG. 1 9 10. 

Francis Dalzell Finlay. 1876-1887. Journalist. 

Kirkman J. Finlay. 1883-1887. Painter. 
*Capt. Cordell VV. Firebrace. 1917. 
*Alexander Fisher. 1920. 
*Samuel Melton Fisher. 1884. A. R.A. 

W. Fisher. 1863- 1890. Original Member. 

For many years one of the best-known men in the Club. He was the son of a 



THE MEMBERS 75 

shoemaker in Cork, but though very poor he managed to live and study art in Paris 
with sufficient success to enable him to earn an income as a portrait painter. In 
appearance he was small, with dark complexion and sharp features. He was a keen 
student of French literature, especially of the more highly-spiced fiction, and was an 
admirable raconteur of stories with a Parisian flavour. His conversation had a Gallic 
courtliness and grace, his voice was beautifully modulated, and his choice of language 
admirable, but there was always a sting, and his wit was sarcastic and incisive. It 
proved, however, attractive to members, who drifted towards the chair wherein he 
ensconced himself with a French novel in the back drawing-room — or " Red Room," 
as it was generally called — in the Hanover Square house. There was a sort of un- 
declared rivalry between Fisher and Schutz Wilson, who was the focus of a similar 
gathering in the front drawing-room. 

Fisher died literally in a garret, five old members of the Club subscribed for his 
funeral expenses, and his hearse was followed by one of them^the only mourner — 
to the cemetery at Highgate. 

*Hedley Fitton. 1912. 

A. C. FiTZ-GlBBON. 1872-1S75. Scientific. 

Maurice FiTZMAURICE. 1903-1907. Chief Engineer to the L.C.C. 
*T. A. O. FiTZPATRiCK. 1920. CLE., C.B.E. 
*Alexander Fleming. 1914. F.R.C.S. 
*SiR Banister Flight Fletcher. 1914. 

Horace Fletcher. 1903- 19 19. Died 1919. 

William Flockhart. 1886- 1887. Architect. 
* Walter Floersheim. 1909. 

Lt.-Col. Henry L. Florence. 1893-1916. Born 1844; died 1916. Architect. 

Bequeathed pictures to the National Gallery and the Victoria and Albert Museum. 

Arthur Smythe Flower. 1903-1906. Architect. 

Edgar Flower. 1873- 1890. Literary. 

Archibald Forbes. 1873-1898. LL.D. Born 1838; died 1900. 

" Daily News " war correspondent with the Germans throughout the Franco- 
German war. A man of splendid physique and determined character; his immense 
energy and admirable descriptive writing brought him into the front rank of his 
profession. He retained in private life somewhat of the roughness of the camp. 

Stanhope A. Forbes. 1887-1896. R.A. Painter. 
Norman Forbes-Robertson. 1885- 1892. Actor. 
Edward Onslow Ford. 1891-1901. R.A. Born 1852; died 1901. 

" Like most sculptors. Ford was physically powerful, although of medium height; 
but also, like most sculptors, he overworked himself and probably shortened his life 
by the energy with which he set about not only his own work but that of other 
people."— Zi.^^. 



76 THE ARTS CLUB 

*J. Dudley Forsyth. 1909. 
Henry Fortey. i 876-1 887. Literary. 
Alfred Willl\m Foster. 1875-1885. 
Arthur J. Foster. 18S5-1896. Painter. 
E. M. Foster. 1870- 1879. 
John Foster. 1863- 1895. Original Member. 

"Johnnie " Foster, as he was generally known, was a very popular singer, and one 
of the gentlemen of the Chapel Royal. He was the trainer and conductor of Arthur 
Lewis's " Jermyn Band," afterwards " The Moray Minstrels." 

T. B. W. Foster. 1863-1887. Died 1887. Original Member. 
*WiLLiAM Dunn Foster. 1920. 

Charles Fowler, i 868-1 901. 
*G. H. Fowler. 1907. C.B.E. 
*Samuel Middleton Fox. 1896. 

Douglas Fox-Pitt. 1899-1905. Artist. 

Sir George James Frampton. 1898-1915. R.A. Sculptor. 

George Flood France. 1872- 1885. 
*GuY Francis. 1918. 

Henry James Francis. 1S72-1S77. 

George FrasER. 1884-1S85. Journalist. 

Fred Frederici. 1873-1876. Opera singer. 

Charles Freeman. 1865-1869. 
*CoL. E. Carrick Freeman. 1897. A.M.S. 

Hubert A. Freeman. 1876-1888. F.S.A. 

Edwin Frend. i 870-1 871. 

Bartle J. L. Frere. 1865-1888. F.S.A. 
*Eustace Frere. 1895. 
*Lawrie Frere. 1894. 

Alfred D. Fripp. i 863-1 885. Original Member. 

Charles E.Fripp. 1884-1892. A.R.W.S. Born 1854. Water-colour painter. 
War correspondent for "The Graphic." He saw fighting in many countries. 

Main Friswell. 1863-1871. Born 1825; died 1878. Original Member. 

" In the advancement of the working classes Friswell took a great interest, deliver- 
ing lectures, giving readings, and forming schools for their instruction. The majority 
of his essays attained great popularity, but his novels did not possess the elements of 
enduring life. Though latterly a confirmed invalid, he continued to work till within 
a few hours of his death." — D.N.B. 

Walter Frith. 1895-1896. Literary. 



THE MEMBERS 77 

Fred M. Fry. 1910-1919. 

R. W. McLeod Fullarton. i 871 -1874. 

C. C. Fuller. 1864- 1869. 

John FullEYLOVE. 1885-1896. V.P.R.I. Born 1S46; died 1908. Painter, 

chiefly of architectural pictures. 
♦Albert Henry Fullwood. 1919. 
J. Hamilton Fyfe. 1879-1885. Journalist. 

*Edward Gabriel. 1914. 
Frederick Gale, i 864-1 871. 

Contributor to " Punch." An authority on cricket. 

William Gale. 1864- 1896. 

William Dixon Galpin. 1884- 1894. Painter. 

WiLHELM Ganz. 1 873-1 875. 

Organist, conductor, and professor of singing. 

J.G.Garden-Brown. 1874-1877. 

W. BiscoMBE Gardner. 1884-1893. Painter and blacl<-and-\vhite artist. 

Henry Garland. 1877-1884. Artist. 

W. T. Garnett. 1897-1910. 

Alfred Henry Garrod. 1877-1885. F.R.S. Bom 1846; died 1897. 

" Zoologist. Prosector to the Zoological Society where he devoted himself par- 
ticularly to the anatomy of birds. He also dissected no less than five rhinoceroses." 
—D.N.B. 

♦Oswald Garside. 1919. R.I. 

George Gascoyne. 189S-1906. Painter. 
*G. Percival Gaskell. 1901. 
*Louis Gautier. 1905. 

Lieut. Hamilton Geary, i 866-1 869. 

Allen George. 1905-1910. 
*SiR Ernest George. 1888. R.A. 

Major F. Gerard. 1867- 1869. 

Edgar Giberne i 887-1 889. Painter. Died 18S9. 
♦Alfred Gibson. 1896. 

Frank W. Gibson. 1905- 19 14. 
♦James S. Gibson. 1905. 
♦Adam Gielgud. 1866. 
*F. Gielgud. 1896. 

Alfred Gilbert, i 886- 1896. R.A. Sculptor. Bom 1854. 



78 THE ARTS CLUB 

H. Herbert Gilchrist. 1888-1914. Painter. 

Thomas GiRTiN. 1913-1914. Died 191 4. 

Giuseppe GiusTi. 1908-1911. 
*H. DE T. Glazebrook. 1901. 

W. G. VON Glehn. 1906-1913. 

G. F. Glennie. 1898-1900. 

R. G. Glover. 1863- 1896. Died 1897. Original Member. 
*Ernest Hope Goddard. 1919. C.B.E. 

Edward William Godwin, i 863-1 873. F.S.A. Born 1833; died 1886. 

Original Member. 

"A facile sketcher, a good draughtsman with a quick eye for proportion and 
harmonious grouping. A clear writer and antiquarian, well versed in architecture, 
furniture, and costume of all periods; a well-informed Shakespearean scholar and an 
excellent lecturer." — D.N.B. 

Whistler's quarrel with Godwin is well known. He loved a quarrel and would go 
out of his way to make one in order to deliver himself of a smart epigram. Being 
dissatisfied with the house which Godwin built for him in Tite Street, Whistler 
painted up conspicuously, "Except the Lord build the house, their labour is but lost 
that build it— E. W. Godwin built this house." 
*SlGISMUND GOETZE. 1892. 
Lt.-Col. R. C. Goff. 1871-1891. Painter and etcher. 
F. Goodall 1863-1871. R.A. Born 1822; died 1904. Original Member. 

A painter of historical subjects and Egyptian scenery. 
John Edward Goodall. i 881-1888. Artist. 
■'Montague Goodall. 1896. 

Walter Goodall. 1863- 1880. Born 1830; died 1S89. Original Member. 
Water-colour painter. 
*F. W. Goodbody. 1908. M.D. 
•DouGL.\s G. H. Gordon. 1897. J.P., O.B.E. 
Joseph G. Gordon. 1874-1907. Scientific. 
Robert Gordon, i 891 -1892. Engineer. 
H. S. Gore. 1863-1880. Original Member. 
*E. P. GoR-ST. 1920. 
*G. B. Gosling. 1906. 
Major-Gen. Sir Matthew W. E. GossET. 1898-1909. K.C.B. Born 1804; 

died 1909. 

Served in the Indian Mutiny and the South African wars of 187S and 1879. A 
most genial and kindly member. 
*J. A. GOTCH. 1919. 



THE MEMBERS 79 

Francis GOTCH. 1893-1913. M.D., F.R.S. Born 1853; died 1913. 
Waynflete Professor of Physiology at Oxford. 
*Thomas C. Gotcii. 1900. 
♦Basil Gotto. 1905. 
*Rev. Thomas Gougii. 1920. B.Sc. 
*RiciiARD Goulden. 1916. 
F. GOULDING. 1 887- 1909. Died 1909. 

Professor of etching at South Kensington. 
Robert M. Gover. 1876- 1895. M.D. Scientific. 
Andrew Gow. 1S81-1906. R.A. Died 1920. Painter of historical subjects. 

Keeper and Librarian of the Royal Academy. 
Lord Ronald S. Leveson Gower. 1873-1880. M.P. Born 1845; died 
1916. 

Artist, sculptor, Trustee of the National Gallery. Very popular in Society. Wrote 
on art subjects and lives of painters. 
Allen M. Graham. 1864-1871. 
*Norman C. Graham. 1900. 
Peter Graham. 1876-1880. R.A. Painter of Highland cattle and scenery. 
Thomas Alexander F. Graham. 1883-1906. R.S.A. Born 1840; died 190C. 

" ' Tom ' Graham, as he was called, was exceptionally handsome, and his winning 
manners and brilliant conversational powers made him a great favourite with his 
friends."— X).iV:^. 

J. L. Graham-Clarke. 1887-1920. 
* Alfred Gray. 19 17. 
C. Green. 1878- 1894. R.I. Died 1898. Artist. Dickens illustrator. 
*WiLLiAM Curtis Green. 1918. 
Henry Plunket Greene. 1897-1905. Oratorio and opera singer. 

"His sonorous bass voice is of singularly beautiful quality, and his interpretations 
are always intelligent and well thought out." — Groves, Dictionary of Music. 
Robert Greenhalgh. 1867-1887. M.D. Died 1887. Scientific. 
Frederick Greenwood. 1878-1885. Journalist. 

First editor of " The Pall Mall Gazette." 
Edward John Gregory. 1877-1909. R.A., P.R.I. Born 1850; died 1909. 
" Despite a bad stammer, he showed unusual application as President of the 
Institute and was a popular visitor at the schools of the Academy." — D.N.B. 

George S. Gregory. 1884- 1896. 
J. R. Greig. 1 907- 1 909. 
*J. Humphrey Gretton. 1895. IVI.A. 
Eden K. Greville. 1863-1873. Original Member. 



8o THE ARTS CLUB 

♦Bernard F. Gribble. 1919. 

H. E. Gribble. 1897-1909. M.A. 

Major Arthur Griffiths. 1870- 1890. 

A prolific writer, who had made a special study of crime and criminals. 
*J. G. Griffiths. 1897. C.V.O. 

Harold Barr Grimsdale. 1899-1903. Scientific. 

W. H. M. Grimshaw. 1 888- 1895. Artist. 
*Harold Kendal Grimston. 1917. 
*Anthonv Gibbons Grinling. 1920. 
*Major-Gen. Sir Coleridge Grove. 1880. K.C.B. Died 1920. 

F. Crawford Grove. 1867- 1869. 

Otto F. F. Grunbawm. 1904-1915. M.B. 
*Donald Gunn. 1897. 

C. H. Gurney. 1864-1873. 

Frederic Guthrie. 1879-1885. F.R.S. Scientific. 

Thomas Anstey Guthrie. 1898-1910. 

" F. Anstey." Contributor to " Punch " and novelist. 

Edmund Gwenn. 1920. 



Carl Haag. 1863-1875. R.W.S. Born 1820; died 1915. Original Member. 

A Bavarian water-colour painter who had travelled much and painted many 

pictures of Eastern life and scenery. He was a great favourite at the court of Queen 

Victoria and instructed several members of the Royal Family in painting. He lived 

to the patriarchal age of ninety-four. 

Arthur Hacker. 1884-1919. R.A. Born 1859; died 1919. 

Was a constant frequenter and one of the most popular members of the Club. 
With his quick, eager manner he seemed endowed with perennial youth, and his very 
sudden death came as a terrible shock to his many friends. 

*Sidney Hacker. 1900. 

*Lt.-Col. Alfred Hacking. 1919. D.S.O., M.C. 

*Ciiarles Haigh. 1870-1913. Died 1913. 

Recorder of Scarborough. Took a keen interest in the welfare of the Club, was 
a useful member of the Committee and generous in his gifts, which included the fine 
old cut-glass decanters so well known to all members who drink port. He was tall 
and distinguished-looking and the possessor of a fine tenor voice. 
George C. Hait£. 1895-1914. Painter and author. 
J. H. Hakewill. 1863-1880. Died 1880. Original Member. 
*A. M. Hale. 1909. 



THE MEMBERS 8i 

*WiLLiAM Matthew Hale. 1875. R.W.S. 
*Bertram Alexander Hall. 1910. 
*Edwin T. Hall. 1903. 
*Fred Hall. 1901. 
G. L. Hall. 1865-1875. 
*H. Austin Hall. 1920. 
Sidney P. Hall. 1884-1885. Painter. 

Sir Charles Halle. 1887 -1893. Born 18 19; died 1895. Pianist and 
Orchestral conductor. 

" The humour of his nature and the vivacity of his character, which he preserved 
all his life under a somewhat solemn aspect, gave to his performance a life and 
intellectual beauty which could not be forgotten by any who heard him." — Grove, 
Dictionary of Music. 

Charles E. Halle. 1875-1893. Artist. 

Andrew Halliday. 1863-1869. Bom 1830; died 1877. Original Member. 

Miscellaneous writer. One of Dickens's staff on " All the Year Round." 
Mike F. Halliday. i 864-1 869. Poet and artist. 

Clerk in the House of Lords. 

Thomas Arthur Toole Hallowes. 1876-1884. Architect. 
Keeley Halswelle. 1875-1891. A.R.S.A. Born 1832; died 189 1. Land- 
scape painter. 

A member has recently presented one of his pictures to the Club. 

J. Standish Haly. 1872- 1 873. Literary. 

Andrew Hamilton. 1865- 1869. 

Edward Hamilton. 1863- 1873. M.D. Original Member. Scientific. 

John Hamilton. 1891-1892. Naval architect. 
*Stanley Hamp. 1908. 

Herbert Hampton. 1904- 1905. Sculptor. 
*W. Sampson Handley. 1916. 

F. Harold Hankin.s. 1895-1911. Professor of music. 

Lewis Robert Hann. 1886-1891. Musician. 

OCTAVIUS Hansard. 1863- 1896. Original Member. 

H. a. Harben. 1869-1910. Died 1910. 
*George Harcourt. 1905. A.R.A. 
*Capt. Martin Hardie. 1919. 
*Edward Hardwick-Terry. 1916. 

P. C. Hardwick. 1863-1891. Original Member. 

Dudley Hardy. 1894-1897. Artist. 

M 



82 THE ARTS CLUB 

Frederick D. Hardy. 1873-1888. Artist. 
Rev. F. J. Hardy. 1869-1881. Literary. 
Heywood Hardy. 1873-1901. Painter. 
James Hardy. 1884- 1888. 

Harcourt Y. Hare. 1913-1916. M.A. Literary. 
Henry Thomas Hare. 1898-1915. Architect. 
Thomas Harlin. 1866- 187 5. 

Col. Rt. Hon. E. R. King Harman. 1863-1888. P.C, M.P. Bom 1816; 
died 1888. Original Member. 

Described as " a big, handsome, genial Irishman." 

Henry Andrew Harper. 1873-1875. Artist. 

Fletcher Harper. 1897-1914. Literary. 

Horace Harral. 1881-1905. Died 1905. Engraver. 
*W. Leslie Harris. 1913. 
*Wolf Harris. 1896. 

Richard L. Harrison. 1897-1916. Died 1916. 
*Robert W. F. Harrison. 1917. 

Thomas Erat Harrison. 1899-1916. Died 1917. Painter. 

F. W. Harrold. 1893-1905. F.C.S. Died 1905. 
Chief Assayer to the Goldsmiths' Company. 

Fritz Hartigan. 1895-1896. Professor R.A.M. 

Alfred Hartley. 1891-1894. Painter. 
*Edwin L. Hartley. 1920. 

C. H. Hartmann. 1909-1918. Died 1918. 
*Charles L. Hartwell. 191 5. A.R.A. 

William Harvey. 1897-1910. 

H. Haseltine. 1909-1913. 
♦Robert Haslam. 1920. 
*G. E. Haslip. 1908. M.D. 
*JOHN Hassall. 1908. R.L 
*George F. Hatfield. 1899. 

William Hatherell. 1896-1905. R.L Painter. 
*CoL. Frederic Haworth. 1918. 
*P. A. Hay. 1896. R.W.S., R.I. 
*Thomas William Littleton Hay. 1920. 

Claude Hayes. 1895-1909. R.I. 



THE MEMBERS 83 

Edwin Hayes. 1876-1904. R.H.A., R.I. Born 1819; died 1904. 
Marine painter. 

*Major Walter Hayes-Sadler. 19 14. 
*A. S. Haynes. 1905. 

W. Battison Haynes. i 895-1 899. Died 1900. Professor R.A.M. 

John Haynes-WilliAMS. 1897- 1904. Born 1836; died 1908. Historical 
painter. 
♦Arthur B. Hayward. 1896. 
*A. F. W. Hayward. 1919. 

C. F. Hayward. 1863-1896. Original Member. 

Gerald S. Hayward. 1874- 1896. Artist. 
*Rev. Geoffrey Heald. 1919. 
*C. W. R. Heath. 1900. 

H. B. Heath. 1882-1895. 

Capt. Thomas Bridges Heathorn. 1865-1910. Born 1831; died 1911. 

Served in the Crimea and distinguished himself in the Indian Mutiny. 

*William Cunningham Hector. 1915. 
*]V[AjOR J. G. P. Heffernan. 1917. D.S.O., M.C. 

F. Heilbuth. 1S70-1880. 

Arnold Helcke. 1887-1895. Painter. 

Howard Helmich. 1877-1S93. Painter. 

Edmund A. Helps. 1888-1892. Literary. 

H. B. Hemxming. 1897-1901. 

Charles Henman. i 888-1904. Architect. 

Edward W. Hennell. 1870-1907. 

George Henry. 1904-1914. A.R.A., R.S.A. 
* James L. Henry. 1896. 

George Hensciiel. 1881-1885. 
*Philip Hepworth. 1919. 

Herman G. Herkomer. 1888-1913. Artist. 

Sir Hubert von Herkomer. 1876-1912. R.A., R.W.S., C.V.O. Born 
1849; died 1914. 

" He could paint, etch, engrave, work in metals, enamel, play the zither and piano, 
compose music, write plays and act them." — D.N.B. 

Arthur E. Hertz. 1913-1914. Scientific. 

John Postle Heseltine. 1868-1892. 

W. H. Hester. 1863-1887. Original Member. 



84 THE ARTS CLUB 

IVYSTAN HeTHERINGTON. 1884-1917. Died 1917. Painter. 

Bertram Heywood. 1889-1914. Died 1914. Architect. 

H. W. HiGGINS. 1 864- 1 873. 

L. R. HiGGlNS. 1897-1910. Died 1910. 

A. C. E. Hill. 1899-1916. Artist. 
*JAMES Stephens Hill. 1899. R.I., R.O.I. 

Alfred Hillier. 1901-1905. M.D. 
*C. Lewis Hind. 1909. 

A. K. Hitchens. 1866-1887. 

J. K. L. Hitchens. 1863-1873. Original Member. 

J. F. Hitchman. 1864-1869. 
*E. B. Hoare. 1912. 

W. S. HOARE. 1897-1910. Died 1911. 

Albert H. Hodge. 1913-1916. Died 1917. Sculptor. 
*George Edmund Hodgkinson. 1919. 
*Louis Hodgkinson. 1918. 

Arthur Hodgson. 1875-1893. 

John Evans Hodgson. 1874-1886. R.A. Born i S3 1 ; died 1895. 

"John Evans Hodgson was quaint and original in all he said or did; he was for 
ever experimenting in his art, planning and scheming in his brain for new ideas and 
novel effects. His admiration for the works of Turner would at one time dominate 
him entirely, while at another his mind would be fixed wholly on Raphael or Old 
Crome. He was much addicted to trying various methods, vehicles, and pigments 
in the technique of his paintings, though, as is generally the case with those artists 
who have such proclivities, the results of his experiments were, on the completion of 
the picture, imperceptible to any but himself It was for these characteristic habits 
of his that he obtained amongst his comrades the soubriquet of 'The Dodger.' 
Hodgson's knowledge of books and languages fitted him admirably for the Librarian- 
ship of the Academy, which post he held from 1S82 until his death in 1S95." — 
G. D. Leslie, R.A., TIte Intier Life of the Royal Academy. 

Hon. H. M. A. McGarell Hogg. 1919-1919. 
♦Campbell Scott Holberton. 1897. 
E. W. H. HOLDSWORTH. 1863-1875. Original Member. 
G. W. HOLDSWORTH. 1867-1875. 

Frank HOLL. 1877-1888. R.A. Born 1845 ; died 1888. 

Between i86g and 1878 Holl exhibited many pictures at the Royal Academy, 
dealing mostly with the more sombre incidents in domestic life. In 1878 he took to 
portrait painting, and from thence until his death he was never without more com- 
missions for portraits than he could carry out. 

" P'rank Holl was a very interesting and earnest conversationalist, especially on 



THE MEMBERS 85 

subjects connected with art. He had singularly fine eyes, large, eager, and animated, 
and his occasional smiles were extremely delightful." — G. D. Leslik, R. A., The Inner 
Life of the Royal Academy. 

J. Holland. 1866- 1869. 
Benoit Holl.-vnder. 1885-1894. Musician. 
Sir CONSTANTINE HOLMAN. 1897-1909. M.D., J.P. Scientific. 
*Henry Martin Holman. 1914. 
Charles Holme. 1898-1906. Writer on art. 
Edward C. Holmes. 1870- 1894. 
G. P. Holmes. 1863- 1896. Original Member. 
Sir George V. Holmes. 1892-1909. K.C.V.O. 

President of the Board of Works in Ireland. 
R. R. Holmes. 1863- 1897. F.S.A. Original Member. 
Robert W. H. Holme.s. 1877-1885. Literary. 
Sir Charles Holroyd. 1912-1917. Born 1861; died 1917. 

Artist, etcher, and authority on art. First Keeper of the Tate Gallery, then suc- 
ceeded Sir E. J. Poynter as Director of the National Gallery. He had the interests 
of the Gallery much at heart. During his years of office most of the rooms were re- 
arranged, and many canvases were seen to greater advantage in their changed positions. 
He threw in all his influence to secure for the nation Holbein's " Duchess of Milan " 
and the Rokeby Velasquez, and rescued many of Turner's pictures from neglect. 
Roland Holyoake. 1898-1907. Painter. 
William Holyoake. 1875-1885. Died 1894. 

Curator of the Academy schools. 
E. HOMAN. 1 886- 1 909. Died 1909. 
H.J.Hood. 1903-1915. 
*Bryan Hook. 19 13. 
Alfred William Hooper. 1S72-1882. 
*H. R. Hope-Pinker. 1895. 
Arthur Hopkins. 1885-1894. R.W.S. 

A water-colour painter and contributor to "The Graphic," "Illustrated London 
News," and " Punch." 

*Alderson B. Horne. 1895. 
*W. E. Horne. 1897. M.P. 
*E. C. HoRNEL. 1910. 
James Macdonald Horsburgh. 1889- 1900. M.A. 

Secretary to the London University. A scholar and a man of much literary 
ability. He had great facility in writing verse of a satirical character. One of his 
poems is quoted in the earlier part of this volume. 



86 THE ARTS CLUB 

*Albert B. Horsley. 1919. 

Gerald. C. Horsley. 1909-1915. Literary. 
*Walter Charles Horsley. 1884. 
*Charles Henry Hough. 1896. M.R.C.S. 

Lord Houghton. 1865-1885. Bom 1809; died 1885. 

" It is difficult for posterity to do full justice to Lord Houghton because his claim 
to distinction lay in his charm of character more than in anything he achieved. It 
has been said that he was a poet, a politician, a man of letters, an orator, and a 
philosopher, and that he was second-rate in each of these capacities. His intellectual 
curiosity and his energy were insatiable, but what made him one of the most popular 
men of half a century was his extraordinary genius for friendship. Everyone con- 
fided in him, for he had an almost womanly intuition, the keenest sympathy, and a 
cultivated wit." — Rudolph Lehmann and H. C. M.\rillier, Men and Wometi of the 
Century. 

" In Lord Houghton the astonished world beheld a politician who wrote poetry, 
a railway director who lived in literature, a libre penseur who championed the 
Tractarians, a sentimentalist who talked like a cynic, and a philosopher who had 
elevated conviviality to the dignity of an exact science." — G. W. E. Russell, 
Collections and Recollections. 

" Mr. Vavasour was a social favourite, a poet as well as a Member of Parliament, 
travelled, sweet-tempered, and good-hearted, amusing and clever. With Catholic 
sympathies and an eclectic turn of mind, Mr. Vavasour saw something good in every- 
body and everything, which is certainly amiable, and perhaps just, but disqualifies a 
man in some degree for the business of life, which requires for its conduct a certain 
degree of prejudice. Mr. Vavasour's breakfasts were renowned. Whatever your 
creed, class, or country — one might almost say your character — you were a welcome 
guest at his matutinal meal, provided you were celebrated." — Lord Beaconsfield, 
Tancred. 

*Percival Arthur Houghton. 1899. M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P. 

William C. Houghton. 1912-1919. Died 1919. 
*Cecil Howard. 1919. 

Alfred Howell. 1897- 1899, 

D. L. Hubbard. 1904-1919. M.D. Died 1919. 
*George Hubbard. 1913. F.S.A. 

R. M. F. Huddart. 1909-1910. 

Frederick Hudson. 1911-1915. Literary. 

Henry J. Hudson. 1900-1910. Died 1910. Artist. 

J. Hudson. 1870-1871. M.D. 

Arthur Foord Hughes. 1899- 1904. Painter. 
♦Cecil Eldred Hughes. 1912. 



THE MEMBERS 87 

Edward Hughes. 1875-1891. Died 1908. Portrait painter. 

Edward Robert Hughes. 1891-1910. R.W.S. ]?orn 1853; died 1914. 

A painter of great delicacy and refinement. 

John Arthur Hughes. 1869-1876. 
*Talbot Hughes. 1894. R.O.I. 

Thomas Hughes. 1863-1869. Born 1822; died 1869. M.P., Q.C. 
Original Member. 

County court judge and social reformer. Author of " Tom Brown's Schooldays." 
A fine cricketer at Rugby and at Oxford and a good all-round athlete. 

*Herbert Edwin Pelham Hughes- Stanton. 1900. R.A. 

George H. Hull, i 876-1877. 

Edward J. Humphrey. 1870- 1892. 
*C. Humphries. 1903. 

Alfred William Hunt. 1866-1877. R.W.S. Bom 1830; died 1896. 
Landscape painter. 

*Cecil Arthur Hunt. 1918. 
George Henry Hunt. 1897-1912. Architect. 
G. Leigh Hunt. 1912-1915. 
Colin Hunter. 1874-1904. A. R.A. Born 1841; died 1904. 

Marine painter of Scottish harbours, lochs, and seas, generally in calm weather. 
Francis Henry Huntingdon. 1877-1895. 

Hal Hurst. 1899-1909. R.I. Painter and black-and-white artist. 
H. M. Husey. 1898-1909. 
H. P. Hutchinson. 1865-1869. 

Samuel John Hutchinson. 1893-1905. ]YI.R.C.S. Died 1905. 
Thomas William Hutchinson, i 872-1 880. 

Captain Alfred Hutton. 1875-1910. F.S.A. Born 1839; died 1910. 
A celebrated swordsman and writer of several works on fencing. 
"Of tall and picturesque figure, handsome face and chivalrous bearing, traits 
suggestive of Don Quixote, he was whole-hearted in his devotion to the science of 
arms, which he did much to rescue from neglect." — D.N.B. 
Gervas Huxley. 191 5-1920. 
Leonard Huxley. 1903-1912. 

ACKROYD HYSLOP. 1 896- 1 896. J. P. 

*T. B. Hyslop. 1901. M.D. 



Charles I'Anson. 1887-1906. Painter. 

Edward Blakeney I'Anson. 1S97-1912. Died 191 2. Architect. 



88 THE ARTS CLUB 

j. a. iliffe. 1888-1896. 

Howard Inch, i 888-1920. 

William Ayerst Ingram. 1903-1912. R.I. Died 191 3. 
Painter of marine subjects. 

•Ernest Innes. 1920. 
*J. W. Brodie Innes. 1873. 
Sir Henry Irving. 1877-1905. Born 1838; died 1905. 

" Irving never knew how many personal friends he had, for all who ever met him 
claimed acquaintance for evermore." — Bram Stoker, Life of Irving. 

" In character he was ambitious, proud, lonely, and self-centred, but gentle, 
courteous, and lavishly generous. His personal magnetism was strong; he inspired 
devotion in those who worked with him and adulation in his admirers. His resent- 
ment of parody and caricature may probably be ascribed to his jealousy for the dignity 
of his profession as much as sensitiveness in himself." — D.N.B. 
H. T. Irving. 1864- 1877. 

Ernest Bruce IWAN-MULLER. 1905-19x0. Bom 1853; died 1910. Journalist. 
"A genial giant of exuberant vitality; he was welcome in every society, while his 
generosity, especially to the less successful members of his own profession, was un- 
bounded."— Z'.iV;^. 

*RiCHARD Jack. 1899. R.A., R.I. 
E. Dudley Jackson. 1899-1903. Died 1903. 

Still remembered for his hospitalities. A kind-hearted old bachelor, endowed 
with rare judgement in the choice of vintage wines. In his later years he suffered 
from gout and was ordered to drink whisky. He complained less of the disease than 
of the remedy, which he said in one night destroyed his palate. 
Edward Patton Jackson, i 874-1 881. 
*Gerald Goddard Jackson. 1919. 
*Rt. Hon. F. Huth Jackson. 1907. P.C. 
Samuel Phillips Jackson. 1876-1886. Bom 1830; died 1904. 

Water-colour painter and art critic. 
William Wymark Jacobs. 1908-1909. 

A very popular writer of stories dealing with the manners and customs both afloat 
and ashore of the crews of barges sailing the below-bridge reaches of the Thames. 
These stories are distmguished by a shrewd delineation of character and a keen sense 
of humour. 

George Percy Jacomb-Hood. 1888-1910. Artist. 

F.Jameson. 1865-1895. 

Middleton Jameson. 1900-1919. Died 1919. 

Brother of Sir Starr Jameson of South African fame. A clever artist and a very 
popular member of the Club. An interesting conversationalist, somewhat shy and 



THE MEMBERS 89 

retiring but thoroughly genial and amiable. His health was latterly not robust, but 
his death came as a shock to his many friends, by whom he is remembered with 
affection and regret. 

Herbert Jarman. 1911-1919. Born 1875; died 1919. 

An actor, for many years closely associated witii Lewis Waller. He was a keen 
student of archaeology and an authority on stage costume. 

John CORDY Jeaffreson. 1868-1871. Born 1831; died 1901. 

Novelist, journalist, and searcher of archives. His " Real Lord Byron," published 
in 1883, created great controversy and some scandal. 

T. Jeckyll. 1867-1871. 

C. E. JEMMETT. 1870-1871. 

*F. Lynn Jenkin.s. 1905. 

*JOSEPH JeNNENS. 1896. 

Lours J. Jennings. 1877-1885. Miscellaneous writer. 
*Alfred C. Jessup. 191 l 

H. E. Jeston. 1 867- 1 872. 

Arthur JEVONS. 1896-1905. Died 1905. Painter. 

G. W. Jevons. 1910-1914. 

John J. Joass. 1905-1909. Architect. 
*SiR William Goscombe John. 1901. R.A. 
*Basil Johnson. 1920. 
*SiR Benjamin S. Johnson. 191 8. 

Charles Edward Johnson. 1879-1895. Landscape painter. 
*Cyrus Johnson. 1877. R.O.L 

Herbert Johnson. 1876-1886. Artist. 
*H. M. Jonas. 1919. 
*Harry M. Jones. 1919. 

Rev. Harry Jones. 1865-1871. 

Sir Horace Jones. 1863-1887. Born 1819; died 1887. Original Member. 
City architect, and designer of the Temple Bar " Griffin." Overflowing with 
geniality and good humour. His burly form gave evidence of his enjoyment of in- 
numerable City dinners. 

Owen Jones. 1864-1871. Born 1809; died 1874. 

An architect and an ornamental designer. He travelled much in Europe and the 
East. His magnificent work on "The Alhambra " contains loi splendid coloured 
plates from drawings by himself. 

Robert Jones. 1897-1899. M.D., F.R.C.S. 
*RoNALD P. Jones. 1918. 

N 



go THE ARTS CLUB 

Thomas Alfred Jones. 1877-1885. P.R.H.A. Bom 1823; died 1893. 

Portrait painter. 

" Dignified, urbane, and popular in Dublin society, he was unremitting in his 
efforts to advance the interests of the Academy." — Strickland, Dictionary of Irish 
Artists. 

William Staveniiagen Jones. 1869- 1879. 
Joseph MiDDLETON JOPLING. 1863-1883. Born 1831 ; died 1884. 
Original Member. 

Jopling started life as a clerk in the Horse Guards. Though self-taught he 
became a clever water-colour painter of historical and domestic subjects and of fruit 
and flowers. He took an active interest in the 3rd Middlesex Volunteers and was a 
good rifle-shot, winning the Queen's Prize at Wimbledon in 1861, and he was officially 
employed to make drawings of the Queen reviewing the troops. 

He was an intimate friend of Millais, who was godfather to his child and painted 
an admirable portrait of Mrs. Jopling, saying that instead of giving his godchild a 
mug he would paint its mother's. 
George W. Joy. 1892-1911. Artist. 
*H. E. Jule. 191 8. F.R.C.S. 

*A. Keene. 1917. 
*Alfred V. Keene. 1919. 
Charles S. Keene. 1863-1890. Bom 1823; died 1891. Original Member. 

"I remember a tall figure in a Glengarry cap on the side of his head, in a short 
velveteen jacket, loose tie and ample peg-top trowsers, lounging into Linton's office 
and sitting on the table, chatting with the engravers, smoking a short pipe. Rather 
close, curly hair framed a long, somewhat sallow visage, with contemplative eyes; 
add a moustache and small Imperial and you have the appearance of Charles Keene 
at that time." — Walter Crane, An Artist's Reminiscetices. 

" He set up for himself a studio, finding congenial quarters on the attic floor of 
an old house in the Strand. Here, amid dust and cobwebs, old costumes and 
properties hung upon a clothes-line drawn across the room, he worked hard for his 
living. He would have no charwoman about his premises. Any dusting and cleaning 
required he did himself Also he was his own cook. This habit he kept up to the 
end. When, in the course of years, he reached his studio in the King's Road, Chelsea, 
he took with him a gas stove with whose dubious aid he prepared his mid-day meal. 
A cheap gas-light set on a stool and connected with a chandelier by a flexible tube 
supplied the heat, while for cooking contrivance he ingeniously adapted the coiled 
spring of an old Gibus hat." — Sir Henry Lucy, Neat-ing Jordan. 

" In his studio at Baker Street I found him grimly affable, sweeping out his rooms 
with his own hands and receiving me with the sang-froid of a Balfour or a Vere de 
Vere. The profound politeness, as he motioned me to a chair with his hearth-brush, 
would have made one of his best studies in black and white." — G. S. La yard, Life 
atid Letters of C. S. Keene. 



THE MEMBERS 91 

Herbert Keith. 1891-1895. Literary. 

R. Talbot Kelly. 1905-1920. R.I. 

Henry Kemp. 1893-1894. Scientific. 

W. H. Kendal. 1884-1910. Born 1843; died 1917. 

His paternal name was Griniston. An actor, and manager of the St. James's 
Theatre from 1879 to 1888, during which period, in collaboration with his wife, 
formerly Miss Madge Robertson, and Sir John Hare, he produced a long series of 
successful plays. He retired from the stage in 1908. 

Arthur Kennedy. 1886-1893. Painter. 

Charles N. Kennedy. 1873- 1897. Died 1897. Painter. 

E. Sherard Kennedy, i 876-1 894. Artist. 

Thomas Benjamin Kennington. 1896-1916. R.O.I. Born 1856; died 
1916. Painter. 

George Kenyon. 1890-1897. Died 1897. Architect. 
*CoL. Sir George Roos Keppel. 1911. G.C.I. E., K.C.S.I. 

Charles H. M. Kerr. 1890-1902. M.A. Artist. 

J. G. Douglas Kerr. 1S97-1901. M.D. 
*Alexander Henry Kersey. 1897. 
*Horace S. Kesteven. 1898. 
*K. J. Key. 1917. 

Thomas Key. 1866-1881. 

George Goodwin Kilburne. 1881-1887. Painter. 

Joseph Kincaid. 1865-1872. 

Frederic King. 1885-1896. Musician. 
*Yeend King. 1892. Painter. V.P.R.I., R.O.I. 
*A. H. Kingsley. 191 3. 

George Kitchin. 1895- 1909. 

J. W. Knapp. 1872-1881. Died i88r. 

J. W. Buxton Knight. 1891-1896. Painter. 

Harold S. Knight-Gregson. 1913-1914. 

Capt. W. R. Knobel. 1867-1875. 

E. Knoblauch. 1900-1913. Actor and literary. 
*Ralph Knott. 1916. 
♦Stanley E. Knott. 1918. 
*G. Sheridan Knowles. 1917. R.I. 

Francis Korbay. 1897-1912. Born 1851 ; died 1913. 

Francis Korbay was an interesting personality; a member of a distinguished 
Hungarian family who had lived long in England. He was proficient in many 



92 THE ARTS CLUB 

languages, spoke perfect English, was a good talker, especially when he reverted to 
his experiences in his native land and in other foreign countries, and was very popular 
in the Club and in Society. He was of medium height with fair complexion and 
brown hair and beard, was at one time endowed with a fine tenor voice, and had an 
extensive dientcle as a teacher of singing. He also wrote and composed numerous 
songs which attained to a considerable degree of popularity. 

William H. Laffan. 1897-1909. Died 1909. 

William James Laidlay. 1892-1896. B.A., LL.B. Born 1856; died 1912. 
An artist and author of several works on contemporary art. He was one of the 
founders of the " New English Art Club." 
M. R. Laing-Meason. 1865-1869. 
Herbert Lake. 1893-1905. Professor R.A.M. 
*E. G. Lamb. 1907. 

Alfred DoBREE Lancaster. 1884- 1894. Painter. 
Charles Thomas Lane. 1866-1912. Died 1912. 
Sir Edwin Ray Lankester. 1897-1913. K.C.B., M.A., LL.D., F.R.S. 

Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy. Formerly Director of the 
Natural History Museum, South Kensington. A prolific writer on many branches 
of science. 
Walter F. Larkins. i 872-1873. 
Philip Laszlo. 1909-1918. 
*A. P. Laurie. 1918. M.A., D.S.C. 

Professor of Chemistry to the Royal Academy. 

R.P.Laurie. 1864- 1880. 

Sir John Lavery. 1891-1913. A.R.A. 

David Law. 1887- 1894. Artist. 
*Edward Law. 191 4. M.D. 

George Law. 1875-1889. 
*C. Aitkin Lawford. 1919. 

E, C. Lawford. 1897-1901. Died 1901. Etcher. 

H. H. Lawless. 1902-1913. Died 1913. 

Cecil Gordon Lawson. 1876-1881. Born 1851; died 1882. 

A landscape painter of conspicuous ability and industry, who accomplished a 
large amount of work of high quality, but whose career of increasing distinction was 
cut short by his early death. 

*F. Wilfred Lawson. 1876. 
George A. Law.son. 1882-1892. Sculptor. 
Lionel Lawson. 1864- 1879. Died 1879. 



THE MEMBERS 93 

Malcolm L. Lavvson. 1881-18S8. Musician. 
♦Arthur Henry Webb Laye. 1916. 

J. H. Leacil 1889-1901. B.A., F.L.S., F.E.S. 

Capt. B. Eastlake Leader. 1900-1916. Artist. 
Killed in action, 12 October 19 16. 
*Benjamin Williams Leader. 1870. R.A. 
Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. 

C. J. Leaf. 1865-1871. 

Walter Leaf. 1864- 1899. B.Sc, Ph.D. Died 1899. 

David Lee. 1875- 1909. Died 1909. Painter. 

J. N. Lee. 1896- 1906. Painter. 
*SiDNEV Lee. 1916. 

W. Lee-Hankky. R.E., R.O.I. 
*Philip Lee-Warner. 1917. 
*C. Lee-Williams. 1909. 
*WiLLiAM R. Le Faun. 1917. 

C. E. Lees, i 891 -1894. 

A. Frederick Leiimann. 1865-1875. 

Rudolph Lehmann. 1869-1905. Born 1819; died 1905. 

Painter, principally of portraits, exhibited at the Grosvenor Gallery. Wrote an 
interesting volume of reminiscences. 

Baldwyn Leighton. 1 866- 1 869. 
*E. Blair Leighton. 1900. 

Frederic, Lord Leighton. 1863-1896. P.R.A. Born 1830; died 1896. 
Original Member. 

Succeeded Sir F. Grant as seventh President of the Royal Academy in 1878. His 
patent of peerage was dated the 24th January 1896, and he died on the 25th. He 
took great interest in the Artists' Volunteer Corps, of which he was the Colonel for a 
considerable period. 

"He became President of the Royal Academy in succession to Sir Francis Grant, 
and may fairly be said to have been the best and most popular President that 
institution has ever had. In his official duties he was indefatigable, and he brought 
to bear on them a courtly, grandiose manner which was eminently characteristic. 
In the fantastic palace which he built for himself (and as many supposed at one 
time for his successors also) at Kensington, all who were celebrated in politics, art, 
music, or letters used to congregate, and there were few civilized languages in 
which the host could not converse." — Lehmann and Marillikr, Men and Women 
of the Century. 

The Club possesses a bust of Lord Leighton presented by Sir Thomas Brock, R.A. 
*Alfred Leland. 1916. M.B., CM. 



94 THE ARTS CLUB 

*Charles Henry Fred Leslie. 1896. 
Frederick Leslie. 1875- 1888. M.I.C.E. Died 1889. 
George Dunlop Leslie. 1866-1895. R.A. 
Henry Leslie. 1863-1882. Original Member. Musical. 
Peter Leslie. 1907-1915. 
*W. H. P. Leslie. 18S1. 
*HoN. W. Hulme Lever. 1918. 
*LoRD Leverhulme. 1915. 

Horace Edward Leverley. 1891-1894. Architect. 
Edward Levien. i 864-1 873. 

Albert Levy. 1863-1893. Died 1893. Original Member. 
Edward Levy. 1864- 1869. 
Frederick Dealtry Lewin. 1873- 1885. 

Arthur J. Lewis. 1863-1901. Died 1901. Original Member. 
The Founder of the Club. 

" Men used to meet at Lewis's chambers in Jermyn Street, where he organized a 
choral society known as ' The Jermyn Band,' but on his removal to Moray Lodge 
it was re-named 'The Moray Minstrels.' No man had a wider acquaintance with 
artists. He was the companion and friend of all painters of his time, from Millais 
downwards. Not a professional artist himself, he was an amateur of considerable 
and varied talent. He was a constant worker at the Langham Friday sketching 
evenings, had a picture at every Academy exhibition for many years, and was an 
etcher of skill and taste. In this capacity he was the promoter of the Junior Etching 
Club." — H. Stacy Marks, R.A., Pen and Pencil Sketches. 

C. Mansel Lewis. 1872-1883. 

Sir George Lewis. 1896-1910. Baronet, C.V.O. Born 1833; died 1911. 

"Probably the most widely known of English solicitors, but described as not so 
much a lawyer as a private inquiry agent. It was said he knew enough to send half 
London Society to prison and to hang half the City of London." — Annual Register. 
" He was the refuge with fine impartiality of the guilty and the innocent, of the 
wrong-doer and the oppressed. He possessed an unrivalled knowledge of the past 
records of the criminals and adventurers of both sexes. Lewis's extraordinary 
memory for detail enabled him to reduce written notes to a minimum, and some 
time before his death he declared he had destroyed all record of his strange ex- 
periences. "—Z'.TV. B. 

*Guilford Edward Lewis. 191 8. R.I., A.R.W.S. 
Thomas H. Lewis. 1863- 1869. Original Member. 
*Moffat p. Lindner. 1885. 
*E. Bernard Lintofe. 1918. 



THE MEMBERS 95 

*SiR James D. Linton. 1875-1894. P.R.I. Born 1841; died 1916. 
Water-colour painter. 

"He was a typical Bohemian in appearance. His hair hung down over his 
shoulders, he favoured a Titian-shaped beard and moustache, a salmon-coloured tie, 
and brown velvet coat; his eyes were intelligent, his face refined, and he smoked good 
cigars, which he handed round in a liberal fashion." — Harry Furniss, My Bohemian 
Days. 

George Llster. 1875- 1892. Artist. 
R. Buckley Litchfield. 1864-1871. 
James Little. 1904-1910. 
*RoBERT Little. 1896, R.W.S. 
Thomas Littleton-Hay. 1920. 
*SiR William Llewellyn. 1891. K.C.V.O., R.A., R.I. 
*Cyril E. Lloyd. 191 3. 
*N. Lloyd. 1920. 

W. W. Lloyd. 1863- 1869. Original Member. 
*SiGisMUND Locke. 1905. 
W. E. Lockhart. 1884-1899. R.S.A., R.W.S. Born 1846; died 1900. 

" As a painter of genre and anecdote Lockhart early took a high place. Clever 
in drawing, striking, and often brilliant in colour, and marked by skilful, if some- 
times exaggerated, characterization as his works are,' they are at times lacking in 
delicacy and reserve." — Bryan, Dictionary of Painters. 

George E. Lodge. 1898-1915. Artist in black and white. 

J. A. LOCKWOOD. 1863-187S. Original Member. 

William Logsdail. 1905-1915. Painter. 

Harvey LOHR. 1897-1903. Professor of music. 

W. LOMAS. 1 877- 1 889. Painter. 
*JOHN A. LOMA.K. 1896. 
*A. Longden. 1919. D.S.O. 

Charles J. Longman. 1874-1881. Author and publisher. 

*DAVID LONGSDON. 1 892. 
*JOHN LoNGSTAFF. 1919. 

Horatio Walter Lonsdale. 1875-1919. Died 1919. 

Artist in stained glass. A popular and well-known member for over forty years. 
Very precise in his habits he regularly appeared in the Club on certain days and, 
after dining, played a solemn game of billiards. 

J. H. Lorimer. 1 888- 1 909. R.S.A. 

Sir Robert Lorimer. 1897-1916. A.R.A., A.R.S.A. Architect. 



96 THE ARTS CLUB 

P. W. LOVELL. 1907-I9II. 

*V. Warren Low. 1917. C.B., M.D., F.R.C.S. 

Leopold Lowenstein. 1886-1896. Etcher. 

Lowes Dalbiac Luard. 1900- 1904. Painter. 

Col. R. G. a. Luard. 1863- 1869. Original Member. 

Arthur Lucas. 1867-1919. 

C. T. Lucas. 1864- 1869. 

Edwin Lucas. 1870-1875. 

Francis A. Lucas. 1874-1905. M.P. 

Frederick William Lucas. 1874- 1884. 

Henry Lucas. 1865-1910. Died 19 10. 

John Seymour Lucas. 1880- 1893. R.A. Historical painter. 

Stanley Lucas, i 873-1 887. 

Thomas Lucas. 1864- 1869. 
* William L. Lucas. 1892. 

Arthur Fairfax Lumley. 1876-1894. Painter. 
*Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens. 19 13. R.A. 

H. Wykeham Lydall. 1897- 1906. 

John French Lydall. 1897-1909. Organist. 
*H. H. Lyde. 1914. 
*Herbert Lyndon. 1896. 



Hamilton Macallum. 1877-1896. Born 1841; died 1896. 

Painter of marine subjects and fisher life, chiefly on the coasts of Devonshire 
and Scotland. 

" He was single-minded, concentrating his attention on those aspects of nature 
by which his own sympathies were most closely touched." — D.N.B. 

" Hamilton Macallum's skill in rendering sunlight and brilliant atmospheric 
effects makes his pictures exceedingly attractive and compensates for occasional 
defects of drawing and composition."— Bryan, Dictionary of Painters. 

*Lindsay G. Macarthur. 1892. 

R. F. Macarthur. 1895-1901. Scientific. 

Mervyn Edmund Macartney. 1900-1910. Architect. 
*Allan Macbeth. 1920. 

Robert Walker Macbeth, i 876-1906. R.A. Born 1848; died 1910. 

Painter and etcher. A brilliant painter of figure subjects with charming technique 
founded on Frederick Walker. 



THE MEMBERS 97 

*H. Macbetii-Raeburne. 1890. 
*James McBey. 1914. 
Justin H. MacCarthy. 1876-1890. M.P. Born 1830; died 1912, 

Journalist, novelist, and leader of the Irish Party in the House of Commons. 
Very popular on both sides of the House and in Society and literary circles. 

" Quiet in manner, polished in speech, retiring and urbane in temperament, 
Justin MacCarthy was the fly in amber of the Irish Parliamentary Party. The only 
thing his colleagues ever lamented in him was his distressing want of native ferocity." 
— G. W. E. Russell, Portraits of the Seventies. 

Walter McClelland. 1870-1871. 
N. McCoLL. 1872-1873. 
*A. D. McCORMiCK. 1918. 
George McCulloch. 1896- 1907. Died 1907. 

Formed a remarkable collection of Modern British Art, in which almost every 
painter of eminence was represented. The whole collection was exhibited at the 
Royal Academy after his death. 

James McCulloch. 1897-1913. R.S.W. Died 191 5. 
Hamisii MacCunn. 1889-1893. Born 1868; died 1916. 
Composer, and orchestral and operatic conductor. 

Reginald S. Macdonald. 1864- 1869. 
Robert Falconer MacDonald. 1897-1912. Architect. 
J. Randall MacDonnell. 1863-1897. Died 1898. Original Member. 
D. K. McDowell. 1909- 1911. C.M.G. 
Walter Macfarren. 1873-1905. Born 1826; died 1905. 
Pianist, composer, and musical critic. 

Clarence W. McIlvaine. 1893-1912. Died 1913. Literary. 
Partner in Harper's, publishers, of the United States. 

Samuel Jeffrey McKee. 1895-1916. Died 1917. 

One of the most popular members of the Club, thoroughly genial and kind- 
hearted. Has been sadly missed from the card-room, where his presence was always 
welcome. 

Alexander Oberlin MacKellar. 1877-1885. M.D. Scientific. 
*Bertram MacKennal. 1906. A.R.A., M.V.O. 
Sir Alexander Campbell Mackenzie. 1888-1915. Mus. Doc. 
Conductor, composer, and violinist. Principal of the R.A.M. 

A. Marshall Mackenzie. 1908-1915. A.R.S.A. 
Kenneth Mackenzie. 1893-1896. Painter. 

*FINDLAY MACKINNON. igor. 

Thomas Nelson MacLean. 1877-1894. Died 1894. Sculptor. 

Q 



98 THE ARTS CLUB 

Thomas Hope McLachlan. 1885-1896. Born 1845; died 1897. 

Called to the Bar and practised in the Chancery Courts, but retired and became 
a landscape painter and etcher. 

*NORMAN MACLEHOSE. 1 894. M.B. 

Andrew Maclure. 1872-1885. Died 1885. Painter. 
Frederick Macmillan. 1885-1896. Literary. 
Partner in Macmillan's, publishers. 

Charles Stewart Macpherson. 1892-1915. Professor R.A.M. 
*Percy Macquoid. 1892. R I. 
John MacWhirter. 1870-1901. R.A. Born 1839; died 1911. 

Landscape painter, chiefly of Highland scenes, and he was especially the painter 
of the birch) tree. His first great success, "The Lady of the Woods,'' was a beautiful 
appreciation of the delicacy and grace of these trees. 

Walter Mackway. 1895-1905. Professor R.A.M. 
Audley MacKWORTH. 1 897-1899. Painter. 
*John Maddocks. 1898. J. P. 
*R. W. Maddox. 1884. 
Laurie Magnus. 1900-1912. 
*G. H. Mair. 1920. C.M.G. 
William Hurrell Mallock. i 875-1 876. 
Alexander Mann. 1901-1905. Died 1908. Painter. 
George Reid Mann. 1S75-1892. 
Harrington Mann. 1903-1914. Painter. 
R. H. Manning. 1864-1891. 
Robert Marchant. 1909- i 916. 
Geoffrey Marks. 1897-1905. 

Gilbert Leigh Marks. 1897-1903. Art worker in silver. 
H. Stacy Marks. 1871-1896. R.A. Born 1829; died 1898. 

Studied heraldry and painted heraldic bearings on carriages for his father's firm 
of coach builders, was often employed by Clayton and Bell in designing stained glass, 
and when he developed into a painter his humorous pictures of birds and of scenes 
of mediaeval life were much appreciated. As a member of the Club he was among the 
best known and best liked. He could talk well, was overflowing with humour and 
high spirits, could sing an amusing song, take part in theatricals, and wrote two interest- 
ing volumes of " Pen and Pencil Sketches." 

" Amongst his fellow artists there was no one more popular, and few men so deeply 
loved as 'Marco' as he was affectionately called." — Bryan, Dictionary of Painters. 

*Ernest T. Marriott. 1898. M.A. 
*A. H. Marshall. 1908. 



THE MEMBERS 99 

Charles Edward Marshall. 1884-1885. R.W.S. 

Herbert Menzies Marshall. 1868-1880. R.W.S. 

Educated at Westminster and Cambridge; he played for his University in 1861-2-3 
at Lords, where a water-colour drawing by him of one of the matches still adorns the 
walls of the Pavilion. He abandoned the profession of an architect, for which he was 
trained, to take up water-colour painting, in which his choice of subject was to a certain 
extent influenced by his earlier training. 

A. C. Martin. 1909-1910. 

Henry Charrington Martin. 1885-1895. M.D. Scientific. 

Edward Henry Martineau. 1871-1890. Architect. 

G. Finch Mason. 1867-1884. Bom 1850; died 1915. 

Painter and artist in black and white of sporting subjects. 
R. H. Mason. 1863-1869. Original Member. 
*David J. Mason-Macfarlane. 1897. C.M.G., C.B.E., M.D. 
Charles Edward Mathews. 1866-1905. Born 1834; died 1905. 

One of the founders of the Alpine Club, and some time President. 

" For a great number of years I have been a traveller in every part of the Alps. 
It has been my good fortune to have climbed the great mountain (Mont Blanc) twelve 
times, irrespective of variations, by most of the different routes by which the summit 
can be attained." — C. E. Mathews, Tlie Annals of Mont Blanc. 

C. P. Matthews. 1865-1871. 
*JOHN Matthews. 1917. M.B. 
*W. Lee Matthews. 1908. 
*Edward Brantwood Maufe. 1919. 
*Alexander J. Mavrogordato. 1895. 
Henry Mawdsley. 1867- 1888. M.D. 
Phil May. 1902-1903. Born 1864; died 1903. 

" Phil May, a Bohemian by instinct and habit, had not the physical stamina to 
enable him to sustain the vagaries of a Bohemian life. Generous to a fault, he was a 
daily prey to a large class of hangers-on at Fleet Street bars and late night clubs. 
Anybody could get anything out of him by asking, and there were many who were 
not restrained by conscience in the matter. He was the sort of man who would think 
nothing of giving his coat to a stranger on a cold night, and walking home in his shirt 
sleeves. A flood of light is thrown on Phil May's constitutional habits by a cynical 
remark of an old friend present at the funeral. ' Phil,' he said, ' with all his faults was 
too good a fellow to go anywhere but to Heaven. All the same it'll be a bitter dis- 
appointment to the other place. The first thing he would have done on arrival would 
have been to stand drinks all round, and you know they sorely need the refreshment.' " 
— Sir Henry Lucy, Nearing Jordan. 

Michael Maybrick, 1896- 1900. Musician and composer. 



loo THE ARTS CLUB 

*C. D. Medley. 1907. 

Arthur Melville. 1890-1S96. A.R.S.A., R.W.S. Bom 1855; died 1904. 
Painter, chiefly of Egyptian and Spanish people and scenery. 

Mortimer Menpes. 1889-1896. 
*JoHN Bernard Mercer. 1887. 
*Emile Ralph Merton. 1893. 
Zachary Merton. 1876-1915. Born 1843; died 1915. 
LUDWIG Messel. 1895-1915. Died 1915. 
*L. C. R. Messell. 1897 O.B.E. 
Gilbert Metcalfe. 1874-1884. Painter. 
J. Coutts Michie. 1894-1919. A.R.S.A. Died 1920. 

A very amiable character. Though somewhat shy and retiring he was a good talker 
when his interest was aroused. His death is much regretted. 
E. M. Micholls. 1898-1910. 
*Mark R. Milbanke. 1908. 
Sir John Everett Millais. 1878-1896. Baronet. P.R.A. Born 1829; died 
1896. 

Eighth President of the Royal Academy in succession to Lord Leighton. 
" Millais was a charming companion and a most picturesque conversationalist. 
His wit was playful and boyish, and when he described anything the description had all 
the brilliant rendering we find in his pictures. He loved sport, he enjoyed all kinds of 
games. To the last he was a joyous and engaging companion." — Reminiscences by 
Val Prinsep, contributed to the Life of Millais by his son. 

The club possesses a bust of Millais, presented by Onslow Ford, R.A. 
Francis D. Millet. 1887- 19 10. Died 12 April 191 2. Painter. 

Drowned in the Titanic. A most fascinating companion, who had seen much of 
war as a correspondent of art newspapers. 
E. A. Minchin. 1899-1904. Scientific. 
♦Arnold Mitchell. 1899. 
Charles Mitchell. 1880-1902. Died 1902. 

One of the young painters who was first brought into notice at the Grosvenor 
Gallery. 

*Professor G. Moira. 1905. 

H. P. Monckton. 1906-1910. 

Major E. A. M. Moncrieff. 1867-1875. 

A. L. Neven du Mont, i 898-1905. Painter. 

Edward Brice Stanley Montefiore. 1887- 1895. Painter. 

Leonard Montefiore. 1879-1885. Literary. 
*James Edward Montgomery. 1918. 



THE MEMBERS loi 

Albert Moore. 1864-1893. Born 184 1 ; died 1S93. 

" He was not the man to make tlic most of a patron and then in urbane and jolly 
good fellowship pass him on to a colleague. The social dignities and commercial 
emoluments attaching to artistry he utterly ignored. All forms of patronage were 
intolerable to him." — Baldry, Life of Albert Moore. 

" Albert Moore, poor fellow ! The greatest artist that in the century England might 
have cared for, and called her own! How sad for him to live there — how mad to die 
in that land of important ignorance and Beadledom." — Whistler, as quoted by Baldry. 
" Moore was a man of a difficult temperament. He was wedded to his Art, 
devoted to its communication, was intolerant of all patronage and claimed recognition 
by pure right of Art. He was not given to studying his words when in a critical mood, 
and was clear and even pungent in his remarks upon painting which did not please 
him." — Bryan, Dictionary of Painters. 

*Ernest Moore. 1917. 
Henry Moore. 1881-1895. R.A. Born 1831; died 1895. 

" Henry Moore became /a/-f.vre'//c-w<? the p.iinter of the sea, and no modern man, 
or perhaps no artist at all, has ever approached him in his special capacity to render 
with unerring accuracy and magnificent colour the ever-changing moods of the restless 
sea. As a man he was not attractive, and he failed to make himself popular; his 
manners and speech were also against him." — Bryan, Dictionary of Painters. 

John Collingham Moore. 1870- 1872. 

" His works were full of tender grace and delicacy, with perhaps a wider scale of 
colour than the works of his two brothers. They consisted chiefly of children in 
water colour, and Italian landscapes." — G. D. Leslie, R.A., The Inner Life of the 
Royal Academy. 

A. Moor-Radford. 1 897- 1 909. 
Malcolm Morris. 1889- 1892. Literary. 

Philip Richard Morris. 1875-1901. A. R.A. Bom 1833; died 1902. 
William Morris. 1897- 1907. 
W. Bright Morris. 1884- 1896. Fainter. 
Kenneth M. Morrison. 1900-1912. Painter. 
*R. E. Morrison. 1909. R.C.A. 
Edward Morton. 1996-1901. Professor R.A.M. 
George Mount. 1881-1885. Musician. 

Edward William Mountford. 1904-1907. Born 1855; died 190S. 
Architect of the Central Criminal Court. 

Lieut. Philip Mowbray. 1869-1871. 
W. E. Mozley. 1896-1914. Died 1914. 
*W. E. Muir. 1900. 
William Muller. 1874- 1884. Musician. 



lOi THE ARTS CLUB 

J. Howard Mummery. 1888-1907. M.R.C.S. 

Arthur J. Munby. 1866-1871. 

George Frederick MUNN. 1884-1891. Painter. 

Arthur Murcii. 1865-1877. 

•Sir David Murray. 1884. R.A., P.R.I., H.R.S.A., R.W.S. 
*SiR James Murray. 1897. 

John Murray. 1910-1913. Architect. 

William MuRRELL. 1886-1913. M.D., F.R.C.P. Died 1912. 

W. B. Myers-Beswick. 1895-1905. C.E. Died 1905. 



Frederick W. Nash. 1873-1902. Died 1902. 
*W. Hilton Nash. 1901. 

GusTAV Natorp. 1 884- 1 906. 

Gustav Natorp was a man of many experiences. Having amassed a fortune in 
commerce, he tried sport, but found it unsatisfying, and then studied painting in 
Paris, with sufficient success to have his pictures accepted at the Salon. Transferring 
his residence to London, he devoted himself to sculpture and exhibited at the Royal 
Academy. He had a charming house and studio in Ennismore Gardens, where he 
exercised a liberal hospitality, his dinners being excellent and each course served on 
a completely different set of very beautiful china. He wrote a clever little book on 
cookery, in which he explained how to cook his favourite dish — roast lobster. He 
was the donor to the Club of the handsome clock which adorns the drawing-room 
mantelpiece. 

*A. F. DE Navarro. 1899. 
*J. M. DE Navarro. 191 8. 
Charles Vincent Neale. 1873-1877. Literary. 
*JOHN A. Neale. 1919. D.C.L. 
*G. Hall Neale. 1908. 
*Arthur John Neame. 1919. 
W. M. Neill. 1897-1902. 
Patrick Ness. 1896- 1905. 
John Trivett Nettleship. 1885-1902. Born 1 841 ; died 1903. 

" His many pictures of wild animals were remarkable for their breadth and free- 
dom. His beasts were always vigorous and well-drawn, thoroughly alive and instinct 
with action." — Brvan, Dictionary of Painters. 

Edward A. Nevill. 1886-1893. Artist and wood-carver. 
Hugh Nevill. 1893-1896. F.Z.S., F.R.A.S. Died 1897. 
Literary and scientific. 



THE MEMBERS 103 

Ralph Nevill, 1877-1906. F.S.A., F.R.I. B.A. Architect. 
Writer on cottage and domestic architecture. 

♦The Duke of Newcastle. 1916. 
*Ernest Newton. 1898. R.A., C.B.E. 

William Nicholl. 1892- 1896. Professor R.A.M. Died 1896. 

Daniel CuBiTT Nichols. 1864-1877. 
*A. K. Nicholson. 1909. 

Charles Linsday Nicholson. 1885-1891. Literary. 

David Nicholson. 1881-1895. M.D. Literary and scientific. 

E. Scott Nicholson. 1906-1909. 
*Erskine Nicol. 1909. 

*G. NiCOLET. 1889. 

Capt. F. H. W. Nisbett. 1865-1871. 

Giuseppe DE NiTTis. 1876- 1878. Died 1884. Painter. 

Philip Norman. 1876- 1907. F.S.A. 
*Ernest Normand. 1891. 
♦Arthur Norris. 1911. 
*J. W. North. 1874. A.R.A.. R.W.S. 

Frederick Norton. 1920. 

John Norton. 1863- 1889. Original Member. 
♦Arthur Trevithan Nowell. 1898. R.I. 
♦Alfred Noyes. 1916. 

John O'Connor. 1876-1889. Born 1S30; died 1889. 
Architectural and scenic painter. 

"Was one of the most genial and hospitable of friends and one of the most 
popular men in his profession." — D.N.B. 

W. H. O'Connor. 1866-1873. 

Andrew V. O'Dwyer. 1870-1883. 
♦Sir James Oddy. 1909. 
♦James Ogston. 1896. 

Andrew Oliver. 1899-1905. Architect. 
♦Edmund G. Oliver. 1917. 

Harry Oliver. 1870- 1873. 
♦Herbert A. Olivier. 1897. R.P. 
♦Julius Olsson. 1909. R.A., P.R.O.I., J.P. 

James Orange. 1909-1915. 



I04 THE ARTS CLUB 

Sir William OuillerOrchardson. 1866-1909. R.A. Born 1832; died 1910. 

Painter of historical pictures and dramatic scenes of social life. 
" Of distinguished appearance, if of slight physique, Orchardson was very active 
and lithe. He was a keen angler, especially with the dry fly, and latterly took to 
golf; indoors he played billiards, and talked with penetrating insight." — D.N.B. 
*Francis Ormond. 1905. 
Vandeleur Ormsby. 1 883- 1 896. Painter. 
*SiR William Orpen. 1916. R.A., R.I., K.B.E. 
*A. J. Orr. 1917. 

James Orrock. 1874-1912. R.I. Born 1830; died 1913. 
Landscape painter and art collector. 

*Charles Churchill Osborne. 1918. 
James RiGBY Osgood. 1889-1892. Literary. 

A charming personality, delighting in the society of the many artists who were 
his friends at the Club. 

Arthur Louis Oswald. 1892- 1899. Painter. 
Walter William Ouless. 1873-1912. R.A. 
Frederick Ouvry. 1865-1880. F.S.A. Born 1814; died 1881. 

Antiquary and writer on archaeological subjects. A collector of manuscripts, 
autographs, and early printed books, who frequently issued at his own expense fac- 
similes of rare publications. His literary and antiquarian acquisitions, when sold by 
auction after his death, realized over p^6,ooo. 
W. H. Overend. 1 886- 1 898. R.I. Died 1898. 

A painter and black-and-white artist of great ability; held in affection by every 
member of the Club. 
Sir Isambard Owen. 1897-1913. M.D. Scientific 
*Segar Owen. 1919. 
Lt.-Col. J. S. OXLEY. 1 869- 1 88 1. Died 1881. 



William Padgett. 1891-1903. Died 1903. Painter. 

His landscapes of cliff scenery and Sussex downs were sure of a place on the line 
at the Grosvenor Gallery. 

George Gordon Page. 1875-1885. F.R.G.S. Died 1885. Civil engineer. 
*Francis Howard Paget. 1919. 
*Barry Pain. 1902. 

Cornelius H. Paine. 1897-19x5. 

W. M. Palin. 1907-1917. 

A. Z. Palmer. 1863-1871. Original Member. 
*J. Lynwood Palmet;. 1918. R.O.I. 



THE MEMBERS 105 

Sutton Palmer. 1881-1885. R-I- I'ainter in water-colours. 
Walter Paris. 1872-1875. Architect. 
Frank Rawley Parker, i 868-1 879. 
*CoL. John Parker. 1913. C.B., D.L. 
John Parker. 1876-1915. R.W.S. Born 1839; died 1915. 

Painter in water-colours; professor of painting and examiner under the Board of 
Education. 

Robert William Parker. 1884- 1893. Literary and scientific. 

W. Frye Parker. 1896-1918. Professor R.A.M. 

J. C. Parkinson. 1864- 1869. 

Alfred Parsons. 1880-1920. R.A., P.R.W.S. Born 1847; died 1920. 

" The Royal Water Colour Society loses in him a President whose amiability, 
keen sense of justice, and business capacity made him invaluable to his colleagues. 
His joy was in gardens and in flowers, and he not only painted gardens, but designed 
them with skill and success, as many country houses can bear witness. The care 
which he devoted to the painting of flowers was astonishing; his friends tell of a 
simple narcissus on which he was engaged off and on for years, trying it in all lights 
and from every angle." — The Times obituary notice. 

Parsons was a most valuable member of the Club, where he will be much missed. 
He was not often in London latterly, as he loved his garden at Broadway too well 
to leave it for long; but when he did come to town on business connected with the 
R.A. or the R.W.S. he never failed to put in as much time as he could spare at the 
Club, where he keenly enjoyed a game of billiards or snooker with his old friends, 

*Clement Valentine Parsons. 1917. 
♦Alfred A. de Pass. 1918. 
*Herbert Passmore. 1905. 

Alfred Patullo. 1911-1912. 

C. A. Payne. 1870-1871. 
*C. Stanley Peache. 1914. 
*G. Alan Peache. 1895. 
*Ralph Peacock. 1902. 
♦Charles Morisco Pearce. 1901. 

W. P. Pearce. 1866- 1873. 

Henry H. S. Pearse. 1902-1904. War correspondent. 
*Frank L. Pearson. 1902. 

George Cullen Pearson. 1888-1891. Literary. 

John Loughborough Pearson. 1883-1895. R.A. Bom 1817; died 1897. 

Architect of Truro Cathedral, restorer of Westminster Abbey and of several 

cathedrals and churches. A water-colour painter of architectural views of cathedrals. 

P 



io6 THE ARTS CLUB 

" A man of moderate height and pleasant aspect, with a full beard and moustache, 
and gentle, expressive eyes. Though far from unsociable, he was unusually retiring." 
—D.N.B. 

G. T. Peevor. 1 863- 1 887. Original Member. 
*Fred Pegram. 1918. 

Henry Alfred Pegram. 1904-1909. A.R.A. Sculptor. 
Hon. a. L. Pelham. 1896- 1906. 

Carlo Pellegrini. 1874-1888. Born 1838; died 1889. Caricaturist— "Ape." 
" During his residence in London, Pellegrini's gay and genial temper endeared 
him to all with whom he came in contact."— Bryan, Dictionary of Painters. 

"Till 1889 Carlo Pellegrini of 'Vanity Fair,' the most original caricaturist of his 
day, entertained and exercised his brethren of the Arts Club with the humours and 
antics of a Neapolitan lazzarone." — T. H. S. Escott, Club Makers and Club Members. 
" Pellegrini ' Ape ' was a club jester. Nothing he said gave offence. He said 
everything in such a quaint, un-English way that every remark of his was greeted with 
a roar. As a caricaturist he was inimitable. Pellegrini was the Whistler of caricature 
and of epigram, or what was accepted as epigram, which, if delivered by an English- 
man without Pellegrini's accent and foreign mannerism, might strike one as rather 
coarse commonplaces." — Harry Furniss, My Bohemian Days. 

Francis George Penrose. 1888-1901. M.D. Scientific. 
*George Steele Perkins. 1910. M.D. 
*C. H. Perrott. 1900. 
C. E. Peruginl 1865-1918. Born 1839; died 1918. 

Born in Naples, studied art in Italy and in Paris under Ary Scheffer. He came 
to England, was naturalized, and married Miss Kate Dickens, daughter of Charles 
Dickens. He was an intimate friend of Leighton and Millais. A member of the 
Club for over fifty years and at one time a constant frequenter, he was beloved for 
his sweet temper, and his charming Italian courtesy, and though advancing years and 
failing health had latterly prevented his attendance, his death was much regretted by 
his numerous friends. His widow kindly presented one of his pictures to the Club. 

Harold Peto. 1886- 1892. 
*Harold A. Peto. 1897. 
*Graiiam Petrie. 1898. R.I. 
John Pettie. 1877-1892. R.A. Born 1839; died 1893. 

" Honest, kindly, and plain-spoken, he hated everything that savoured of sham 
and hypocrisy. He was breezy and unaffected in presence and manner; in the hey- 
day of his success preserving the eagerness and simplicity of his youth. He possessed 
a never-failing flow of good spirits, and to be with him was like basking in cheerful 
sunshine. He strode through life buoyantly and blithely, his vitality and his cheery 
voice were inspiriting to all whom he met by the way." — Hardie, Life of John 
Fcttie, R.A. 



THE MEMBERS 107 

John Samuel Phen£. 1875-1884. LL.D. Literary. 
*CoLiN Bent Phillip. 1907. R.W.S. 
Sir John Phillips. 1896-1919. M.D. 
W. C. Phillips. 1871-1887. Died 1887. 
J. L. Pickering. 1895-1912. Died 1912. 

Daniel Pidgeon. 1888- 1900. Literary and Scientific. 
Sidney Pilkington. 1903-1905. Painter. Died 1905. 
*Arthur W. Pilleau. 1882. 
Frederick Startin Pilleau. 1883-1885. 
Henry Pilleau. 1878-1899. Died 1899. 

Army surgeon. A clever amateur water-colourist, who painted pictures of 
Egyptian scenery. 

*Eric S. Pinker. 1914. 
*J. B. Pinker. 1906. 

Herbert W. Piper. 1897-1898. Painter. 

E. B. PiTCHFORD. 1863-1S75. Original Member. 
*W. A. PiTE. 1905. 

G. Newton Pitt. 1900-1905. M.D. 

Edward Plasket. i 863-1 871. Original Member. 

William Playfair. 1882-1887. M.D. Scientific. 
*SiR William Plender. 1911. G.B.E. 

Rowland Plumbe. 1871-1873. 

Charles Plummer. 1870- 1879. 

Stephen Plummer. 1870- 1873. 
*W. J. R. PocHiN. 1895. M.A. 

Charles Henry Poingdestre. 1879-1891. Painter. Died 1905. 

Formerly President of the British Academy in Rome. 

Frederick Pollak. 1873-1918. Died 1919. 
DiGHTON N. Pollock. 1905-1911. 
*Frederick William Pomeroy. 1900. R.A. 
George Vivian Poore. 1875-1883. Scientific. 
GusTAVE Pope, i 877-1900. Painter. 
Jules Porges. 1874-1884. 

Horace Porter. 1896-1917. Architect. Died 1917. 
John Laslett Pott. 1868-1896. Born 1837; died 1901. 

Began life as an architect, but became a painter of historical subjects. 

*F. A. Powell. 1896. 



io8 THE ARTS CLUB 

Sir Francis Powell. 1865-1914. R.W.S. Bom 1833; died 1914. 

Was the first President and practically the Founder of the Royal Scottish Society 
of Painters in Water Colours. He painted principally the sea and Scotch lochs. 

*L. H. Powell. 1897. 
*Lewis Powell. 1900. 
*R. L. Powell. 1900. 
Harold L. Power. 1866- 1875. 
*J. VV. Power. 1911. 
Ambrose Macdonald POYNTER. 1889-1894. Architect. 
Sir Edward John Poynter. 1863-1877. Bart. G.C.V.O., P.R.A. An 
Original Member. Born 1836; died 1919. 

Ninth President of the Royal Academy from 1896, when he succeeded Sir John 
Millais. Director of the National Gallery from 1S94 to 1905. 

" Sir Edward Poynter was a deeply learned man, with an astonishing memory. 
He was an indefatigable worker. During his last few days when he became too ill 
to work, he would say to his family who lovingly waited upon him, ' I must get down 
to my studio. I have left some work unfinished.' He had many hobbies. He 
knew all about birds, the treasures of the sea, and above all, flowers and plant life. 
His beautiful garden was his unfailing delight ; enclosed by old trees, with long 
stretches of lawn leading to shady walks and little summer houses, it afforded him 
endless subjects for water-colour sketches. Roses flourished everywhere, with old- 
fashioned borders of violas, carnations, and fuchsias. Indeed, every flower seemed 
to grow in Sir Edward's garden. But the garden since he left it, though it is gay with 
blossom, does not seem the same without the master who planned its beauty." — 
Obituary notice in The Morning Post, 28 July 1919. 

Sir William Henry Preece. 1871-1905. F.R.S. Born 1834; died 191 3. 
Engineer in chief to the General Post Office. A great authority on telegraphs and 
one of the pioneers of wireless telegraphy. 

Arthur H. D. Prendergast. 1873-1S80. 
* Andrew N. Prentice. 1898. 
*C. B. Prescott. 1907. 
David S. Price. 1864- 1888. Ph.D. 
Marmaduke Prickett. 1 893- 1 896. lYI.D. 
*Anthony Prinsep. 1920. 

Valentine Cameron Prinsep. 1863- 1904. R.A. Original Member. 
Born 1838; died 1904. 

"Prinsep possessed versatile accomplishments, social gifts, and great physical 
strength."— Z>.iV:^. 

" Prinsep was conspicuous by his height, by the large muscular development of 
his frame, by his fluffy hair and the vivacity of his countenance, and he was popular 



THE MEMBERS rog 

with everybody on account of his affability, generosity, and the straightforward 
heartiness of his manner. The characters and dispositions of very many of the 
greatest masters of the art throughout all ages have occasionally been marred by 
egotism and by feelings of jealousy entertained towards their contemporaries. From 
any weakness of this kind Val Prinsep was absolutely free. I knew him intimately 
for many years and can truly say that I never heard from his lips a single depreciatory 
remark or an ill-natured sarcasm about any of his fellow-artists or their works. He 
was a lively and amusing conversationalist, an ever-welcome guest both in the highest 
circles of Society and at the Bohemian supper-parties of the fraternity of artists in 
St. John's Wood."— G. D. Leslie, R.A., The Inner Life of the Royal Academy. 
The club possesses a fine example of Prinsep's work. 

William Renton Prior. 1900-1905. Journalist. 

John Lumsden Propert. 1889-1902. M.B. Died 1902. Scientific. 

J. W. Prow.se. 1 866- 1 869. 

T. E. Pryce. 1 866-1917. Died 191 7. 

Peter Paul Pugin. 1896-1904. Architect. 

Frederick Puzey. 1875-1906. Painter. 

♦Arthur Rackham. 1904. R.W.S. 

F. A. Radcliffe. 1 898-1 899. Died 1899. 
Arthur Radford. 1897- 1899. 

Paul Adolph Rajon. 1875-1885. Born 1842; died 1888. 
William Ralston Sheddon Ralston. 1865-1888. M.A. 

Born 1828 ; died 1889. Writer on Russian history, songs, and folklore. 
Capt. J. A. Ramsey. 1866- 1880. 
Alberto Randegger. 1868-1907. Bom 1832 ; died 1911. 

Native of Trieste. Musical composer, conductor, and teacher of singing. 

*W. B. E. Ranken. 191 8. R.I. 
*Sir Reginald Rankin. 1917. Bart. 
John Samuel Raven. 1871-1877. Born 1829; died 1877. 
Landscape painter. 

Leonard Raven-Hill. 1913-1915. Artist. " Punch " cartoonist. 

G. Sidney Read. 1896- 1904. Literary. 
♦Herbert Read. 1897. 

Charles Reade. 1863-1873. Original Member. Born 1814; died 1884. 

"Reade's personal appearance was striking; he was over six feet in height, and 
was of athletic and vigorous build. His genial countenance, boisterous manner, im- 
patience of criticism, and impulsive generosity all helped to make his personality 
attractive."— ZJ.A".^. 



no THE ARTS CLUB 

Francis Reckitt. 1895-1904. 
*F. W. Reckitt. 1907. 

Charles F. Reddie. 1896-1897. Professor R.A.M. 

J. B. Redman. 1864-1881. F.R.G.S. 
♦Arthur T. Redmayne. 1895. 
*HuGH Redmayne. 1903. 

Alfred German Reed. 1882-1887. Born 1847; died 1895. 

Actor and Society entertainer. 
SirE. J. Reed. 1872-1875. K.C.B., M.P. Born 1830; died 1906. 
Naval architect and Chief Constructor to the Navy. 
*Edward Gordon Reeve. 1917. M.R.C.S. 
*JOHN R. Reid. 1894. R.I. 
Anthony Adams Reilly. 1864-1S79. 
Julius Reiss. 1874-1883. 
*Arthur Davies Rendall. 1910. 

E. Banks Rennie. 1865-1873. 
*JOHN Assheton Rennie. 1920. 

W.Reynolds-Stephens. 1900-1914. Painter and Sculptor. 

H. W. Rhodes. 1888-1913. 

Henry Brindlev Richards. 1864-1869. Born 1819; died 18S5. 
Pianist and Composer of " God bless the Prince of Wales." 
" Especially devoted himself to Welsh music, upon which he lectured." — Grove, 
Dictionary of Music. 

Sir Benjamin Ward Richardson. 1S81-1896. M.A., M.D., F.R.S. Died 
1896. Literary and scientific. 

Wrote largely on hygienic subjects and temperance, of which he was a fervent 
advocate. 

F. S. Richardson. 1891-1913. Artist. 

John Isaac Richardson. 1882-1890. Painter. 
^Leonard Richmond. 1918. R.B.A. 

Sir William Blake Richmond. 1897-1906. R.A., K.C.B., D.C.L. 

E. L. Rickards. 1905- 1909. Architect. 

Leonard Charles Riddett. 1875-1906. Architect. 
*Lacy W. Ridge. 1873. 

Matthew White Ridley. 1878-1888. Died 1888. 

The career of Matthew White Ridley may serve to illustrate the ups and downs 
of an artist's life. He had at one time a burst of success as a portrait painter, and had 
as many commissions as he could execute. The ball of fortune seemed at his feet. 
Then came a change of luck. His pictures were not so successful at the Academy 



THE MEMBERS in 

exhibitions; another man, a friendly rival, came with a bound to the front, and the 
tide of fashion with proverbial fickleness flowed in other directions. Ridley was a man 
of resource, and turned with a certain amount of success to black and white work, and 
to etching; he took a beautiful old house at Chiswick, and opened an Art School. 
From small beginnings the school attained considerable popularity, and Ridley was 
again on the high road to fortune. Unfortunately his career was cut short, and he died 
at a comparatively early age. 
Major Alec Lionel RiDPATii. 1910-1911. Died 191 1. Literary. 
*E. Guy RiDPATH. 191 1. 
*Harold Ridpatii. 1919. 
*James L. Ridpath. 1870. 
A. Wallace Rimington. i 897-1917. Died 1917. Fainter. 
*J. Frank Rinder. 1898. 
Charles E. Ritchie. 1897-1904. Artist. 
Victor Chevally de Rivaz. 1869-1891. 
Leopold Rivers. 1896-1905. Died 1905. Artist. 
*HuGH G. RiviiiRE. 1907. 
*Philip Lyle Riviere. 1917. 

Alex Rivington. 1863-1888. Original Member. 
*W. A. Rixon. 1893. 
Ellis W. Roberts. 1900-1911. Painter. 
W. Chandler Roberts-Austin. 1875-1895. F.R.S., C.B. 
Born 1843; died 1902. Metallurgist and chemist to the Mint. 

" His attractive personality made him socially popular, he had a keen sense of 
humour, and was an admirable imm[c."~~D.N^.£. 

Arthur Robertson, i 888-1 895. 

Edward C. Robins. 1887-1891. F.S.A. Architect. 

Gerald Robinson. 1894- 1896. Painter and engraver. 

James G. Robinson. 1865-1877. 

Walter Robinson. 1866-1871. 

Sir W. Robinson. 1898-1907. G.C.M.G. 

E. R. Robson. 1898-1911. F.S.A. Died 191 1. Architect. 

Col. S. V. A. Roden. 1867-1882. M.P. 
*Fred Roe. 1899. R.I. 
*F. Gordon Roe. 1919. 
*G. A. F. Rogers. 1914. 

James Edward Rogers. 1875-1895. Architect. 
*G. C. Roller. 1897. 



112 THE ARTS CLUB 

*J. Harold Roller. 1897. 
*J. W. Rollins. 1900. R.B.S. 
Julius Rolsiiover. 1897- 1899. 
*H. G. RooTH. 1902. 

A FRED ROSCOE. 1902-1914. 

H. L. RoscoE. 1897-1913. Died 1914. 

Capt. Algernon Winter Rose. 1910-1918. M.C. Died 1918. Architect. 
*Charles Edward Rose. 191 3. 

Henry R. Rose. 1893-1911. Professor R.A.M. 

Capt. J. E. T. Ross. 1863-1875. Original Member. 

Major Thomas H. Rossall. 1875-1883. 

Henry Rougier. 1867-1877. 

Bartholomew Rous. 1873- 1892. Artist. 

Edmund Routledge. 1864- 1869. Publisher. 
♦Allan Francis Royds. 1910. 

Max Arnaud Ruffer. i 894-1896. M.D. Scientific. 

R. H. Kennerley Rumford. 1897-1912. Singer. 

AlmaRIC Rumsey. 1 863- 1 872. Original Member. 

Frank M. Russell. 1870- 1896. Died 1896. 
*James Risien Russell. 1913. M.D., F.R.C.P. 
*N. M. Russell. 1918. 
*Norman Scott Russell. 1867. 

W. M. Russell. 1909-1914. 
*Walter VV. Russell. 1919. A.R.A. 

Edward Rutter. 1876-1890. 

Gerald H. Ryan. 1897-1905. Scientific. 
♦Vivian Desmond Ryan. 1917. 

Arthur J. Ryle. 1899-1914. Died 1914. Painter. 

W. Dendy Sadler. 1885-1909. Painter. 
*H. E. Saffery. 1897. 
J. Herbert Saffery. 1896-1912. Died 1912. 
Charles P. Sainton. 1887-1892. Painter. 
Prosper Sainton. 1889-1890. Born 181 3 ; died 1890. 
Violinist and musical composer. 

" An eminent violin player, born at Toulouse. He was leader of the orchestra at 
Covent Garden, and conductor of the State Band, and violin soloist to Queen Victoria. 



THE MEMBERS 113 

He married Miss Dolby, the well-known English contralto singer." — Grovk, Diclioiiary 
of Music. 
*Ernest Salaman. 1912. 
*Frank O. Salisbury. 1914. 

Edward Salomons. 1S83-1886. Architect. 
*Laurence Salt. 1918. 

Walter E. Samkson. 1896-1909. 
*W. A. Sanders. 1900. 

Rev. J. E. Sandys. 1898- 1902. M.A. 
*JoiiN Singer Sargent. 1885. R.A. 
*Adrian St. Johnstone. 191 3. 

Howard Saunders. 1876-1906. F.L.S. l^orn 1835; died 1907. 

Ornithologist, traveller, and writer on natural iiistory. Editor of " Yarrell's British 
Birds." 

Emile Sauret. 1892-1909. Profes.sor R.A.M. 

" His playing was distinguished by the grace and elegance of the French school, 
to which is added a conscientious handling of the classics. A thorough musician, and 
has written a large amount, including an excellent method for the violin." — Grove, 
Dictionary of Music. 

*Ernest Savory. 1917. 
*RoiiERT Schaltz-VVein. 1920. 

William Lutley Schater. 1887-1896. Scientific. 

Max Schlesinger. 1S65-1880. 

London correspondent of the "Cologne Gazette." A great authority on inter- 
national politics and finance. 

*Walter M. Schlesinger. 1895. 
Adolpii Schloesser. 1885-1906. Professor R.A.M. 
Carl Schloesser. 1878-1914. Died 1914. Painter. 
Paul Schloesser. 1898-1914. 

SiGISMUND SCHLOSS. 1905-1914. 

Herman SciiMiECHEM. 1893-1899. Artist. 
*J. W. SCHOFIELD. 1919. R.I., R.B.A. 

Sir John H. W. Schroder. 1865-1896. Baron, Bart, C.V.O. 

G. C. Schwabe. 1 870- 1 882. 

H. Thackeray Schwabe. 1891-1896. Painter. 
*L. Gustave Schwabe. 1909. 
*James B. Scott. 1910. 

Russell Scott. 1866-1871. Junior. 



114 THE ARTS CLUB 

William Dundas Scott-Moncrief. 1876-1885. Literary and scientific. 
Henry Seebohm. 1879- 1895. Zoologist. 
Wrote on birds and on Siberia. 

*Edgar Seligman. 1897. 
*Georges Seligman. 191 5. 
*George H. Sephton. 1900. 
*Arthur Serena. 1897. 

Charles C. Seton. i 888-1 896. Painter. 
*Agnew Ruskin Severn. 1918. 

♦Arthur P. Severn. 1863. R.I., J. P. Original Member. 
♦Herbert Severn. 1912. 

Walter Severn. 1879- 1893. Born 1830; died 1904. 

Water-colour painter and Founder of the Dudley Art Society. 

George Seymour. 1872-1886. Literary and scientific 

William Shakespeare. 1884-1905. Professor R.A.M. 
*James Jebusa Shannon. 1889. R.A. 
*J. Roxburgh Sharman. 1917. 

J. Schutz Sharman. 1904-1915. M.R.C.S. Scientific. 
*Percy Victor Sharman. 1917. 
*Charles Bousfield Shaw. 1918. 

J. Byam Sha\v. 1899-1914. Died 191 5. Painter. 

T. F. M. Sheard. 1900-1909. R.B.A. Painter. 
*Claude A. Shepperson. 1897. A.R.A., A.R.W.S. 
*Derek Shepperson. 1919. 

Henry Shield. 1867- 1896. 

Charles Herbert Shoppee. 1881-1884. Architect. 
*SiR Frank Short. 191 2. R.A., R.I. 

W. Edmund Siberth. 1866-1897. 

Walter SiCKERT. 1888-1893. Painter and writer on art. 

Samuel Sidley. 1878- 1894. R.B.A. Born 1S29; died 1896. 

Herbert Sidney. 1898-1906. Artist. 

Alexander Siemens. 1S97-1907. Scientific. 

James SiME. 1873-1883. Born 1843; died 1895. Critic and journalist. 

Blackhall Simmonds. 1870-1909. 

W. G. Simmonds. 1909-1911. 

St. Clair Simmons. 1899-1899. Died 1899. 

F.J.Simpson. 1893-1895. Mus.B. Musician. 



THE MEMBERS 115 

*F. M. Simpson. 1908. 

John W. SlMTSON. 1893-1911. Architect. 
*JONATHAN Simpson. 191 5. R.I.B.A. 
* William Begg Simpson. 1914. 

Douglas B. W. Sladen. 1886- 1894. 

Journalist and writer, principally of books of travel. 

*Major Paul A. Sle.ssor. 1898. 

Edward Hugh Lindsay Sloper. 1863-1869. Born 1826; died 18S7. 
Original Member. 

Composer and teacher of the pianoforte. 

*M. de Smet-de-Naeyer. 191S. 

Basil WooDD Smith. 1870-1871. 
*C. Turley Smith. 1920. 

Edward Smith. 1876-1899. B.A. Artist. 

George Smith. 1870-1893. 

Herman Sahth. 1863- 1874. Original Member. 

Herman Southwood Smith. 1863-1897. Original Member. Died 1897. 

James William Smith. 1875-1884. Artist. 
*OwEN Hugh Smith, 1918. 

R. BiNNS Smith. 1895-1898. Died 1899. 

T. Roger Smith. 1885-1896. F.R.I.B.A. 

Professor of architecture at University College. 

W. BiNNS Smith. 1S70-1875. 
*W. Lawrence Smith. 1917. 

Hon. M. L. C. Smyth. 1872-1875. 

Lionel P. Smythe. 1900-1917. R.A., R.W.S. Born 1840; died 1918. 

George Snell. 1868-1892. 

Albert Solomon. 1899-1905. 
*Lewis Solomon. 1897. 

Simeon Solomon. 1866-1871. 
*SoLOMON Joseph Solomon. 1887. R.A. 

The club possesses a fine picture by Solomon of Mrs. Patrick Campbell in the 
character of " The Second Mrs. Tanqueray." 

Ernest van Someren. 1896-1905. 
*James Sorley. 1897. 

Arthur Southey. 1870-1895. 
*C. Elmer Southwell. 1897. 



ii6 THE ARTS CLUB 

John George Sowerby. 1882- 1887. Fainter. 
Charles E. Sparrow. 1878-1895. Director of R.A.M. 
*Charlton Templeman Speer. 1886. 
William Henry Speer. 1893-1899. Musical. 

*R0BERT SPENCE. 1 899. R.E. 

*W. C. Spence. 1902. • 

*AuGUSTUs Spencer. 1905. 

*Beckwith A. Spencer. 1915. M.A., F.S.A. 

*F. Spenlove Spenlove. 1895. R.C.A., R.I., R.O.I. 

Henry Spicer. 1863- 1869. Original Member. 
*SiR Isidore Spielmann. 1895. F.S.A. 
*Marion H. Spielmann. 1894. 
*Percy E. Spielmann. 1915. 

R. Phene Spiers. 1870-1914. F.S.A. Born 1S3S; died 1916. 

Architect and writer on architectural subjects. Editor of Ferguson's " History of 
Architecture." 

Walter L. Spiers. 1881-1916. Died 1917. Architect. 
Sidney Spokes, i 895-1904. M.R.C.S. Scientific. 
Charles E. Squarey. 1863-1873. M.D. Oric^inal Member. 
John Shenton Stand. 1897-1918. Artist and journalist. 
Antony C. Staunns. 1898- 1905. Painter. 
*CoL. J. Stayers. 1918. M.V.O. 
James Peddie Steele. 1912-1918. M.D. Journalism and science. 
G. Walter Steeves. 1914-1915. B.A., M.D. Died 1915. 
Literary and scientific. 

H. Herbert Stepney. 1872- 1873. 
E. C. Sterling. 1863- 1880. Original Member. 
J. Ashby Sterry. 1865-1872. Punch's " Lazy Minstrel." 
C. N. Stevens. 1898-1905. 
Leicester B. Stevens. 1897- 1898. Engineer. 
Alexander Sharman Stevenson. 1869-1899. Died 1900. 
Archibald Stevenson. 1875-1877. 
Fred James Steven.SON. 1874-1877. Literary. 
John J. Stevenson. 1870- 1886. M.A. 
Nathaniel Stevenson. 1874- 1880. 
*Charles E. Stewart. 1898. 
Sir Purvis Stewart. 1911-1914. M.D. Scientific. 



THE MEMBERS 117 

Arthur Stirling. 1883-1885. Actor. 
F.R. Stock. 1873- 1882. Artist. 

Bram Stoker. 1886-1896. Born 1848; died 1912. Actor emd novelist. 
Secretary and biographer of Sir H. Irving. 

* Adrian Stokes. 1881. R.A. 
*Antony Stokes. 1919. 
♦Leonard Stokes. 1898. 
*PniLip S. Stokes. 1896. 
*SiR Wilfrid Stokes. 1919. K.B.E. 
"'Christopher Stone. 1919. 
*Marcus Stone. 1866. R.A. 
George Adolpiius Storey. 1874-1895. R.A. Died 1919. 

" Storey was an agreeable companion and a pu[)iilar man. His book of ' Sketches 
from Memory' shows that from early life he had been a shrewd observer of men and 
things, and that he was gifted with a keen sense of humour. He survived most of his 
contemporaries in the art world, but those who remain as well as men of a younger 
generation will greatly regret his \o^s."^The Times, obituary notice. 
Edward Stott. 1896-1917. A. R.A. Born 1856; died 1918, 
*Everard Stourton. 1897. 
*Henry Straker. 1900. 

*Edward Fairbrother Strange. 1900. C.B.E. 
*Granville Streatfield. 1914. 

George Edmund Street. 1865-1870. R.A. Bom 1824; died 1881. 
Architect of the Law Courts. 

" He was strongly built, and his capacity for work was inexhaustible. Throughout 
life he took an active interest in the affairs of the chief high-church organizations, and 
was devoted to clerical music. He lived in personal contact with the Pre-Raphaelite 
and kindred artists." — D.N.B. 

Arthur E. Vansittart Strettell. 1872- 1880. 
Philip E. Stretton. 1899-1911. Artist. 
Charles Stuart. 1885-1905. Artist. 
*Thomas Walker Stubbs. 1919. 
Jonathan Sturges. 1896-1910. Died 1910. Literary. 

Was a citizen of the United States. Though handicapped by physical deformity, 
he was of keen intellect, very much alive, and of bright, cheery temperament. 

*Lt.-Col. G. a. Sullivan. 1910. 
*S. P. Sunderland. 1919. M.D. 

Gerald Surman. 1885-1896. M.A. Scientific. 

G. M. Sutherland. 1863- 1869. Original Member. 



ii8 THE ARTS CLUB 

John D. Sutherland. 1914-1916. Scientific, 

Alfred Sutro. 1906- 1907. Playwright. 

N. G. SwAiNSON. 1905- 1909. 

John Macallan Swan. 1897-1909. R.A. Born 1847; died 1910. 

Painter and sculptor of animal subjects. 

" Swan's appearance was remarkable. He was tall, dark, and burly, with a large 
head, like a Roman Emperor." — D.N.B. 

Algernon Charles Swinburne. 1864-1871. Born 1S37; died 1909. 

" His early poems startled the critics by their brilliant verse, and their frank revolt 
against sexual morals. Few English poets have been more thoroughly saturated with 
Greek scholarship and feeling, or more read in English and French literature."- — 
Annual Register. 

"Swinburne was in height five feet and four and a half inches. He carried his 
large head very buoyantly on a tiny frame, the apparent fragility of which was ex- 
aggerated by the sloping of his shoulders, which gave him almost into middle life a 
girlish look. He held himself upriglit, and as he was very restless, he skipped as he 
stood with his hands jerking or linked behind him while he talked, and when he was 
still one toe was often pressed against the heel of the other foot. In this attitude his 
slenderness and slightness gave him a sort of fairy look. His manners were elaborate, 
and when he chose, exquisite ; in this respect he was very human, he could be radiantly 
courteous if he pleased, and he could be of a stony stiffness." — Edmund Gosse, C.B., 
Algernon Charles Swinburne. 

John Syer. 1876-1885. R.I. Born 1815; died 1885. 

William Christian Symons. 1879-1888. Painter. 

E. M. Synge. 1899-1910. A.R.E. Died 191 3. Painter and Etcher. 



Robert Taber. 1898-1904. Died 1904. Actor. 

Sir Laurence Alma Tadema. 1894-1912. R.A. Born 1836 ; died 1912. 

Born in Holland and trained to follow his father's profession as a notary, but after 
much opposition from his family was allowed to become a painter. His art was 
characterized by careful archaeological accuracy and great minuteness of detail. 

He was of a genial and hospitable temperament and entertained liberally in the 
beautiful house which he built in Grove End Road, where Joachim, Sarasate, 
I'aderewski, and many well-known singers contributed to the enjoyment of his music- 
loving friends. 

Field Talfourd. 1863-1S73. Original Member. 

" Field Talfourd had fine aristocratic features and bearing, admirably set off by 
his velvet coat and his gracious and kindly smile." — T. H. S. Escott, Club Makers 
and Club Members. 

The club possesses interesting copies of pictures by Rubens and by Reynolds 
painted and presented by Talfourd. 



THE MEMHIiRS 119 

* Algernon Talmagp:. 191 8. 

IT. Tanner. 1906-1915. 

Thomas Slingsby Tanner. 1897-1901. Literary and scientific. 

William Tasker. 1869- 1872. 
*J. Duncan Tate. 1917. 

A. Chevallier Taylor. 1897- 1900. Arti.st. 
♦James Taylor. 1899. M.D. 
*L. Campbell Taylor. 1909. 

Norman Taylor. 1872- 1887. A.R.W.S. 

A painter both in oil and water colour, principally of Italian scenery. 

Capt. Edward Temple. 1874- 1882. Musical. 

R. Scott Temple. 1889-1890. Painter. 

Sir John Tenniel. 1878-1896. Born 1821 ; died 1914. 

" It was a startling proof of his extraordinary, and by himself half-suspected 
popularity, that when Tenniel's knighthood became known, the honour was received 
with loud and general applause ; with an enthusiasm quite unusual in its command 
of popular approval. It was 'dear old John Tenniel' that the Arts Club toasted 
when, with Mr. Val Prinsep, R.A., in the chair, and Mr. Du Maurier in the vice- 
chair, the new Knight was the honoured guest of his Club, and received its congratu- 
lations with the modest dignity and kindly good taste characteristic of him." — M. H. 
Spielmann, History of Punch. 

Lord Tennyson. 1895- 1898. Second Baron. 
Appointed governor of South Australia in 1899, 

*Artiiur X Beckett Terrell. 1910. 
*Arthur K. a Beckett Terrell. 1918. 
*Fred Terry. 1897. 

Lance Thackeray. 1913-1916. Died 1916. Artist. 
*Hon. Percy Thesiger. 1909. 
*SiR A. Brumwell Thomas. 1906. 

Basil Thomas. 1900-1903. Died 1903. 

Brandon Thomas. 1S97-1902. Born 1849; died 1914. 
Actor and Author. Adapter of "Charley's Aunt." 

John Thomas. 1873-1874. Musician. 
*Oldkield Thomas. 1885. F.R.S. 
*William Henry Thomas. 1887. 
Arthur Thompson. 1895-1917. Professor R.A.M. 
Sir Henry Thompson. 1874-1885. Bom 1820; died 1904. 
Surgical specialist and pioneer of cremation. 
" Apart from his surgical skill he acquired a social fame as a teacher and prac- 



I20 THE ARTS CLUB 

titioner of dietetic reforms. In several brightly written and readable treatises he laid 
down the doctrine that a great deal of ill-health is directly attributable to our national 
habit of devouring what Harold Skimpole called 'legs of sheep and oxen.' Thomp- 
son's ' Octaves ' were dinners of eight — eight guests and eight dishes. I am not sure 
whether eight kinds of wine were added." — G. W. E. Russell, Portraits of the Seventies. 

*Professor a. Thomson. 1905. 
*Bernard Home Thomson. 1918. 
*GoRDON Thomson. 1873. 
*H. W. Thomson. 1897. 

*Professor John M. Thomson. 1881. LL.D., F.R.S. 
*Leslie Thomson. 1892. R.W.S., R.O.I. 
Sir St. Clair Thomson. 1895-1904. M.D., F.R.C.S. 

Specialist on throat trouble who attended King Edward in his last illness. 

*William Thomson. 1895. M.D. 

Archibald Thorburn. 1894-1909. Animal painter. 

Charles Thornelev. 1896-1918. Died 1918. Painter. 

Sir Hamo Thorneycroft. 1883-1886. R.A. Sculptor. 
*Stanhope C. Thornton. 1919. 

Thomas Threlfall. 1871-1907. Died 1907. Chairman of the R.A. M. 
*F. H. TllUMAN. 1908. 

Philip A. Tilden. 1914-1918. Architect. 

James TiSSOT. 1873-1884. Bom 1836; died 1902. 

" Of a genial temperament, James Tissot was for many years very popular in the 
Art world of Paris, but after the Franco-German war, in which he fought bravely, he 
went to London, where he took up his residence in St. John's Wood. Whilst in 
England he painted many genre pictures." — Brv.\n, Didiojiary of Painters. 

George N. Todd. 1875-1888. 

Albert A. Toft. 1906-1914. 

Hon. Duff Tollemache. 1892-1895. Painter. 

Alfred Savill Tomkins. 1870-1900. Died 1900. 

Michael Tom kinson. 1896-1904. 

Jonathan Tong. 1875-1884. 

John Laurence Toole. 1881-1895. Born 1830; died 1906. 

An actor of considerable ability, but too fond of broad farce. An amiable and 
amusing companion when he refrained from the kind of silly practical joke which 
was fashionable in the early nineteenth century. 

" Simple in his tastes and domestic in his habits he was entirely lovable, never 
making an enemy or losing a friend. Toole's eccentric drollery was the outward ex- 
pression of a frolicsome, boyish, sunny nature, which otherwise manifested itself in 
ebullitions of practical joking wholly void of offence." — D.N.B. 



THE MEMBERS 121 

*HowARD Tooth. 1900. C.B., C.M.G., M.D. 
Frank W. W. Topham. 1868-1895. 
Sir F. Paolo Tosti. 1897-1911. Born 1846; died 1916. 

An Italian song writer and composer. Teacher of singing to the Royal family. 

" He has an elegant, simple, and facile inspiration, a style of his own, a genuine 
Italian flow of melody, and great skill in finding the most appropriate and never failing 
effects for drawing-room songs." — Grove, Dictionary of Music. 

*C. Harrison Townsend. 1900. 
*F. H. Townsend. 1908. 

Horace Townsend. 1901-1914. Literary. 
*W. G. Paulson Townsend. 1906. 

William Toynbee. 1872-1873. 
♦Augustus Hall Tozer. 191 8. 
*Charles D. Tracy. 1914. 

George G. T Treherne. 1890- 1906. Director R.A.M. 
*H. A. Trier. 1905. 
*Bernard Triggs. 1911. 
*Inigo Triggs. 1913. 

Henry Seymour Trower. 1869- 1896. 

H. L. Truman. 1898-1910. Died 1910. 
*JOSEPH Truslove. 1916. 
*Alfred Herbert Tubby. 1895. M.R.C.S, 

Frederick Tucker. 1888-1895. Artist. 

Marwood Tucker. 1870-1873. 

William Tucker. 1863- 1869. Original Member. 

Andrew White Tuer. 1897-1900. Died 1900. Author and publisher. 
*Henry Scott Tuke. 1905. R.A., R.W.S. 
*F. W. Tunnicliffe. 1900. M.D. 

Capt. Charles TUPPER. 1864- 1869. 

George Turnbull. 1863-1872. Original Member. 

C. W. Turner. 1920. 

J. Bradbury Turner. 1897-1899. Mus. B. Died 1899. 

Robert S. Turner. 1870-1880. 

W. Aldren Turner. 1897-1910. M.D., F.R.C.S. Scientific. 
*Walter Tyndale. 1904. R.I. 

*Gerald Unsworth. 191 2. 
W. F. Unsworth. 1905-1912. Died 1912. 

R 



122 THE ARTS CLUB 

Sydney Vacher. 1884-1895. Architect. 
Horace VAN RuiTT. 1892- 1894. Artist. 
Ames van Wart. 1876- 1895. Sculptor. 
Edward Joseph Vaugiian. 1896-1915. Journalist. 
*J. E. Vedrenne. 1919. 
*Frank Vernon. 1914. 
* Alfred Vian. 1893. 
Albert Vickers. 1896-1917. Died 191 9. 
Chairman of Vickers Maxim. 

" Ever ready with the best advice and help to the younger generation, he was as 
much interested in the details of their business and pleasures as in the more imposing 
transactions of which he was so often the central figure. Once his friend always his 
friend, and no alteration in circumstances ever changed his delightful sympathy with 
the failure or success of cherished schemes." — The Times obituary notice. 
Col. Thomas Edward Vickers. 1896-1915. C.B. Born 1833; died 1915. 
Largely responsible for the successful extension of Vickers Maxim, of which he 
was also chairman. 
Frederick Villiers. 1877-1910. War correspondent and War artist. 

A man of many experiences which he could narrate in an interesting manner. 
Charles G. Vinall. 1869- 1880. 
Albert ViSETTi. 1877-1917. Professor of singing. 
*Charles F. Annesley Voysey. 1898. 

Arthur F. Wade. 1863 -1869. Original Member. 

George E. Wade. 1900-1914. Sculptor. 

Arthur Wagg. 1866- 1870. 

F. F. Wainwright. 1864-1888. Died 1888. 

R. Thorne Waite. 1884-1894. R.W.S. 
*James C. Waithman. 1919. M.A., M.D. 

Frank Walker, i 870-1 871. 

Frederick Walker. 1863-1875. A.R.A. Born 1840; died 1875. Original 
Member. 

" Walker was considerably under the average height — I believe not more than 
5 feet 1 1 or 5 feet 2 inches — but of an exceedingly well-proportioned figure; good 
square shoulders; narrow hips, straight legs and so well set up altogether that his want 
of height was not as noticeable as it otherwise would have been. His head, which was 
of rather a remarkable shape, having a peculiar flatness on the top and considerable 
development at the back, was well placed on his shoulders, the eyes blue with an 
earnest, thoughtful, far-seeing look about them; a broad forehead with the thick brown 
hair growing rather low down, and having a knack of falling over it; a well shaped, 



THE MEMBERS 123 

straight nose with great breadth between the eyebrows; the mouth and chin showing 
firmness and decision of character, the possession of which qualities was still further 
indicated by the massive squareness of the jaw." — J. G. Marks, Life and Letters of 
Frederick Walker, A.R.A. 

"His knowledge of nature was sufficient to disgust him with the ordinary conven- 
tions which do duty for grass, leaves, and boughs, and there is scarcely an inch of 
his work which has not been at one time a careful, loving study; no trouble was 
excessive, no distance too great, if through trouble and travel some part of the picture 
might be better done. Walker could use, and did use, his left hand equally with his 
right, and often worked with both hands on a picture at the same moment; as a rule 
the left hand (which was the stronger) held a knife or razor, the right the brush." — 
Mr. J. W. North, A. R. A.,as quoted in the Life and Letters of Frederick Walker, A.R.A. 

" Frederick Walker's art had an enormous effect on his younger contemporaries, 
and the broad characteristics of a large proportion of the pictures painted in England 
from 1875 are due to his example. He showed curious skill in combining rusticity 
with grace in his peasants." — Bryan, Dictionary of Painters. 

On 17 June 1875 a meeting was held at the Arts Club at which was formed a 
committee, composed mostly of artists, to arrange for a memorial tablet, which was 
executed by Mr. Armstead, A.R.A., and placed in the church at Cookham where 
Walker was buried. 
Frederick Walker. 1890- 1896. Professor R.A.M. 
Horace Walker. 1869- 1896. 
*K. M. Walker. 1919. F.R.C.S., O.B.E. 
*WiLLiAM Wallace. 1875. 
Lewis Waller. 1898-1915. Born i860; died 1915. 

Lewis Waller was irresistibly attracted to the stage, and he gave up the assured 
expectation of a good position and a good income in commercial life to risk the 
chances of failure or success in the theatrical profession. With a handsome face, a 
good figure and a resonant voice he soon became one of the most popular actors of 
his day, and was especially successful in Shakespearean and romantic characters. He 
died in harness, for he insisted on going to the theatre when he ought to have been in 
bed. 

S. E. Waller. 1886-1896. Died 1902. Animal painter. 

Conrad A. Wallroth. 1873- 1879. 

Frederick Anthony Wallroth. 1872- 1876. 

Rowland Percy Walters. 1895-19x5. 
*Allan Walton. 1919. 
*Frank Walton. 1878. R.I., P.R.O.I. 
*George Walton. 1917. Lie. R.I.B.A. 

Percival Walton. 1893- 1899. Literary. 

Rev. Stanley Walton. 1873-1875. Literary. 



124 THE ARTS CLUB 

* Alfred Ward. 1898. 

*Arthur Henry Ward. 1897. F.R.C.S. 
Sir Leslie Ward. 1876-1885. 

Painter and caricaturist. " Spy " of " Vanity Fair." 
Melville Ward. 1912-1913. Architect. 
O. F. M. Ward. 1920. 
Samuel Ward. 1897-1911. 
W.H.Ward. 1904-1911. Architect. 
*Arthur Wardle. 1919. 
Edmund Warren. 1874- 1889. Artist. 
Joseph Warter. 1904-1912. 
Richard Wilfrid Warwick. 1877- 1884. Painter. 
A. Waterhouse. 1881-1895. R.A. Born 1830 ; died 1905. Architect. 
J. W. Waterhouse. 1881-1890. R.A. Born 1849; died 1917. 

A painter of great refinement and ability. His first success " Sleep and his half- 
brother Death," appeared in 1874, and he was subsequently a constant exhibitor at 
the Royal Academy. 

* Adrian Waterlow. 1919. 

Sir Ernest A. Waterlow. 1875-1919. R.A., P.R.W.S. Born 1850; died 
1919. 

Landscape painter, both in oils and water colour. Succeeded Sir John Gilbert as 
President of the Old Water-colour Society. 

*E. Oscar Waterlow. 1908. 

W. G. Waters. 1890-1909. M.A., J.P. 

A. Maryon Watson. 1903-1906. Died 1906. Architect. 

C.J.Watson. 1891-1895. 
*George Spencer Watson. 1897. 

L. H. Cradock Watson. 1905- 1907. 

Thomas Henry Watson. 1889-1911. Architect. 

Alexander Pollock W^ ATT. 1890-1896. Literary. 
*G. Fiddes Watt. 1913. A.R.S.A. 
*George Weatherbee. 1904. R.L 

Frederick E. Weatherby. 1878- 1899. Musician and writer. 
*R. C. Weatherby. 1907. 

Sir Aston Webb. 1890-1915. K.C.V.O., C.B., P.R.A. 

Succeeded Sir E. J. Poynter as tenth President of the Royal Academy in 1919. 

Edward Brainerd Webb. 1875-1884. Civil Engineer. 
*Lt.-Col. Sir Henry Webb. 1920. Bart. 



THE MEMBERS 125 

Maurice E. Webb. 1906-1916. Architect. 
*Septimus Webbe. 1895. 
E. Weber. 1900-1910. 

Otto Weber. 1873-1888. Born 1832; died 1888. Painter. 
William Webster. 1899-1910. F.C.S. Scientific. 
E. H. Wedgwood. 1863- 1899. Died 1899. Original Member. 
A. W. Weedon. 1 874- 1 877. Artist. 
John Reinhard Weguelin. 1882-1895. R.W.S. 

An artist who, after having attained success in oil painting, latterly confined him- 
self almost entirely to water colour. 
Robert S. Weir. 1920. 

*WlLLOUGHBY WEISS. 1 898. 

W. F. R. Weldon. 1 892- 1 896. M.A., F.R.S. 

Professor of Geology at University College. 
Gerald E. Welleslev. 1891-1910. Painter. 
George Wells. 1872-1886. Artist. 
Thomas Wells. 1864-1895. 
Carl Werner. 1866-1871. 
Clifton J. West. 1864-1869. 
*G. O. Western. 1919. 
Frederick Westlake. 1873-1898. Died 1898. Professor R.A.M. 
P. B. Westmacott. 1871-1872. 
*JOHN Wakefield Weston. 1914. M.P. 
Horatio Wetherell. 1863-1871. Original Member. 
H. Clarence Whaite. 1876-1893. P.R.C.A., R.W.S. Born 1828 ; died 1912. 
A water-colour artist who painted many North Wales and Swiss landscapes. One 
of the founders of the Manchester Academy of Fine Arts. 
Hugh Wharton, i 896-1909. 
J. Hadwen Wheelwright. 1867- 1877. 
*Herbert Whewell. 1916. 
*Thomas B. Whinney. 1905. 

James Abbott McNeill Whistler. 1863-1896. Bom 1834; died 1903. 
Original Member. 

" A love of pose which found vent in eccentricities of dress, in extravagant paradox, 
and biting epigram, gave him social notoriety. He was at once capable of the deepest 
affection, and so thin-skinned that he would allow a slight to cancel a long standing 
friendship. As a man Whistler was one of the most remarkable social units of his 
time. His epigrammatic wit and power of repartee inspired a curious mixture of 
dread and admiration." — D.N.B. 



126 THE ARTS CLUB 

" In 1888 he published his ' Ten O'clock,' a brilliant lecture wherein he expounded 
his original and somewhat startling theories on Art. This was followed in 1890 by 
the publication of a volume entitled 'The Gentle Art of making Enemies,' where he 
collected his various writings on Art together with a record of the innumerable con- 
troversies he had been engaged in for years, which, though they make amusing reading, 
■would have been better forgotten. They display a side of his character on which his 
admirers have no desire to dwell, but which may perhaps throw light on some of the 
puzzling characteristics of his painting." — Bryan, Dictionary of Paititers. 

A. C. White. 1879- 1896. Musician. 

Arthur White. 1873-1878. Died 1878. 

Daniel J. White. 1875-1892. Painter. 

Eley Emlyn White. 1878- 1892. Architect. 

J.E.White. 1871-1896. Literary. 

William White. 1865-1879. 

W.E.White. 1873-1893. Died 1893. 
*W. Henry White. 1898. 

Clifton Whiting. 1875-1904. 
*Charles Whymper. 1899. R.I. 

Charles A. Whyte. 1871-1901. 

J. H. Wicks. 1901-1920. Died 1920. 

Francis Wigg. 1864-1873. 
'Robert Wigglesworth. 1916. 
*JAMES Anstey Wild. 1912. 

Rev. J. Herbert Williams. 1S74-1887. Literary. 

Morgan S. Williams. 1875-1883. 

Pownal F. Williams. 1882- 1886. Painter. 

S. DE LA Grange Williams. 1900- 19 10. Died 1910. 
*Terrick Williams. 1896. R.I., R.O.I. 

C.E.Willis. 1891-1896. Painter. 

Edgar C. Wills. 1897-1906. Died 1907. Artist. 

Henry W. Wills. 1863-1869. Original Member. 

William Gorman Wills. 1879- 1890. Born 1828; died 1891. Painter and 
dramatist. 

" His studio was haunted by stray cats, by monkeys, and other unclean animals, 
and also by numerous parasites and loafers attracted by the painter's easy-going habit 
of inviting visitors to stay, and keeping his spare change in a tobacco jar on the 
chimney-piece. Absent-mindedness, inherited from his father, grew upon him to an 
extent which prejudiced his career. He became oblivious of social engagements, 
asked people with the utmost cordiality to meet him at dinner and then could not be 



THE MEMBERS 127 

found to receive them, and prided himself on being as dispassionate as Dr. Johnson 
on the subject of clean linen." — D.N.B. 

*CiiARLEs J. Wilson. 1890. 
U. R. Wilson. 1906-1915. 
H. ScHUTz Wilson. 1864-1902. Died 1902. 

Schiitz Wilson was one of the earliest and best-known members of the club. He 
was well acquainted with the Tyrolese people and scenery, and with the German 
language. He published several translations from the German, and wrote books 
descriptive of life and manners in Tyrol. He was keenly appreciative of the sound 
of his own voice, and his style of conversation was Johnsonian, with well-rounded 
and oratorical periods. In the front drawing-room at Hanover Square he was generally 
the centre of a group which was ready to discuss and decide upon any subject in the 
heaven above or in the earth beneath or in the waters under the earth. He was 
recognized as the club orator, and was always prepared with a flow of ideas and words 
appropriate to every occasion. 

J. Watney Wilson. 1892-1896. Arti.st. 
Richard Wilson. 1865-1869. 

S. A. K. Wilson. 1912-1914. M.D. Literary and scientific. 
T. Walter Wilson. 1886- 1887. Painter. 
William Wilson. 1876-1885. Architect. 
Edmund Monson WiMPERis. 1885-1900. Born 1835; died 1900. 
Painter in water-colours. 

*Edmund Walter Wimperis. 1896. 

John Thomas Wimperis. i 896-1905. Died 1905. Architect. 

W. W. Wingate. 1907-1915. 

Thomas WiNGHAM. 18S4-1892. Died 1893. Professor R. A.M. 

E. W. Wingrove. 1870-1881. 
*T. B. Wirgman. 1892. 

Thomas Maxwell Witham. 1873- 1898. Author. 

Hartley Withers. 1917-1920. 

Major W. M. Wolfe. 1863- 1872. 

E. P. Wolferstan. 1866-1894. 

*W. B. WOLLEN. 1919. 

*Albert Salisbury Wood. 1905. 
George Wood, i 869-1 881. 

Sir Henry Trueman Wood. 1872-1883. Literary. 
Capt. H. W. Wood. 1866-1875. 
Charles Henry Lardner Woodd. 1874- 1884. 



128 THE ARTS CLUB 

John H. T. Woodd. 1900-1914. Architect. 

Laurence Henry O. WOODD. 1872-1879. Died 1879. Literary. 
*E. A. VVOODHOUSE. I919. 
*W. L. WOODROFFE. 1886. 

*Henry Woods. 1873. R.A. 

R. Caton Woodville. 1885-1905. Painter and war artist. 

Harry Woodward. 1897-1901. 
*Shirley Worthington Woolmer. 1914. 

Baron Henry de Worms. 1867-1891. Rt. Hon. M.P. Born 1840; died 

1903- 

First Lord Pirbright. Under Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

Ralph Selden Wornum. 1881-1910. Died 1910. Architect. 

Robert Grey Wornum. 1897-1919. Died 1919. 

T. Locke Worthington. 1896-1898. A.R.I.B.A. 

Archibald Stuart Wortley. 1881-1896. Bom 1849; died 1905. 

Painter. 

It was while Stuart Wortley was on a visit to Millais in Scotland that the great 
painter encouraged his guest to devote himself seriously to Art, and afforded him the 
inestimable advantage of personal instruction. Stuart AVortley writes ; " To have been 
a pupil of Millais, though only for a short time, as I was, is, I believe, a unique ex- 
perience. I can safely say that I learned more from him in a few short weeks than 
from all the other masters who from time to time directed or misdirected my artistic 
studies. Short as the time was it served to bridge over for my poor capacity the deep 
and often impassable stream that separates the amateur from the serious or professional 
painter." — Quoted in the Life of Millais by his son. 

*Maurice Beresford Wright. 1917. M.D. 
Matthew Wyatt. 1875-1885. Architect. 
Sir Matthew Digby Wyatt. 1863- 1875. Born 1820; died 1877. 

Original Member. Architect and writer on architecture. 
Charles W. Wyllie. 1877- 1896. Painter. 

Robert Henry Wyndham. 1883-1886. Born 1814; died 1896. Actor. 
David Wilkie Wynfield. 1864-1887. Died 1887. 
A. A. Wynne. 1863-1871. Original Member. 
Frank G. Wynne. 1868-1888. 

Edmund H. Yates. 1863-1894. Born 1831 ; died 1894. Original Member. 
Novelist and founder of " The World." For twenty-five years in the Post Office 
service. 

" Yates was an admirable after-dinner speaker, a rare combination of natural gift 



THE MEMBERS 129 

with the power of literary expression. Like Dickens, he was a born actor and a delightful 
raconteur. His sense of humour was superlatively keen, its ebullition almost boisterous. 
No dinner table was dull at which Edmund Yates sat. His jovial presence, his ready 
wit, his contagious good temper, were sufficient to insure the success of the dullest 
gathering of average dinner guests." — Sir Henry Lucv, Nearing Jordan. 

Alfred Yeames. 1873-1896. 

William Frederick Yeames. 1864-1891. R.A. Born 1835; died 1918. 

Painter of historical pictures. Librarian of the Royal Academy, and Curator of 
the Painted Hall at Greenwich. 

♦Alfred Bowman Yeates. 1899. 

J. A. Yglesias. 1 870- 1 886. 
♦James Gordon Young. 191 8. 

Robert Young. 1884-1888. Engineer, 




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