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COLLECTIONS OF 
THE NEW YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

FOR THE YEAR 1936 



THE JOHN WATTS DePEYSTER 
PUBLICATION FUND SERIES 



LXIX 



PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
Y J. J. LITTLE AND IVES COMPANY, NEW YORK 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY 

Until January 21, 1941 



r 






PRESIDENT 

JOHN ABEEL WEEKES 

FIRST VICE-PRESIDENT 

R. HORACE GALLATIN 

SECOND VICE-PRESIDENT 

ROBERT E. BOWLING 

THIRD VICE-PRESIDENT 

HERBERT L. SATTERLEE 

FOURTH VICE-PRESIDENT 

AUGUSTUS C. HONE 

FOREIGN CORRESPONDING SECRETARY 

ARCHER MILTON HUNTINGTON 

DOMESTIC CORRESPONDING SECRETARY 

LUCIUS WILMERDING 

RECORDING SECRETARY 

DeWITT m. lockman 

TREASURER 

GEORGE A. ZABRISKIE 

DIRECTOR 

ALEXANDER J. WALL 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



FIEST CLASS FOR ONE YEAR, ENDING 1939 

LeROY E. KIMBALL HENRY PARISH 

ARTHUR SUTHERLAND 

SECOND CLASS FOR TWO YEAES, ENDING 1940 

JAMES LENOX BANKS JOHN V. IRWIN 

STEPHEN H. P. PELL 

THIRD CLASS FOR THREE YEARS, ENDING 1941 

SAMUEL V. HOFFMAN FENWICK BEEKMAN, M.D. 
LUCIUS WILMERDING 

FOURTH CLASS FOR FOUR YEARS, ENDING 1942 

LEONIDAS WESTER VELT W. WILLIS REESE 

L. GORDON HAMERSLEY 



PREFACE 



This source book on The Arts and Crafts in New York 
has been compiled by Mrs. Rita Susswein Gottesman 
from advertisements and news items gleaned from all the 
New York City newspapers for the years 1726 through 
1776. It constitutes the sixty-ninth volume of the John 
Watts DePeyster Publication Fund Series, and is dis- 
tributed to shareholders in that series as the Collections 
of The New York Historical Society for the Year 1936. 

As this volume has wide appeal to specialists in many 
fields, the Committee on Publications decided to make it 
available to others than shareholders, who may be in- 
terested. For that purpose, four hundred additional 
copies have been printed, bound differently from the 
Collections, and these are for sale by the Society. 

The analytical index is the work of Miss Dorothy C. 
Barck, Head of the Society's Reference Department. 

Alexander J. Wall, 

Director 



CONTENTS 



FAGB 

Preface vii 



Table of Contents ix 

Introduction xiii 

Painting and Engraving 

Painters 1 

Paintings 7 

Engravers 8 

Engravings 14 

Maps and charts 16 

Copperplate printing 27 

Silver and Jewelry 

Silversmiths 29 

Jewellers 64 

Miscellaneous silver and jewelry 74 

Porcelain, Pottery and Earthenware 

Potters 84 

China and glass menders 86 

Sellers of porcelain, pottery and earthenware . . 87 

Glass 

Glass houses 92 

Glassware 96 

ix 



X CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Pewter 

Pewterers 100 

Miscellaneous pewter 106 

FURNITUBE 

Cabinetmakers 109 

Furniture 120 

Carvers and gilders 126 

Looking glass makers 129 

Looking glasses 133 

Upholsterers 134 

Clocks and Watches 

Clock and watch makers 143 

Clocks and watches 166 

Buildings and Builders 

Houses and other buildings 169 

Builders, architects and surveyors 179 

Lumber 182 

Masons and their materials 185 

House carpenters 191 

Metal Workers and Iron Works 

Braziers 194 

Cutlers 198 

Whitesmiths 203 

Iron works 207 

Metal work 220 

Stone Cutters 228 

Paper Manufacturers, Printers, and Bookbinders 

Paper manufacturers 233 



CONTENTS xi 

PAGK 

Printers 

Printers of New York newspapers .... 238 

Other printers 242 

Bookbinders 243 

Fabrics and Needlework 

Flax culture 249 

Silk culture 252 

Implements 254 

Spinning and weaving 257 

Fabrics 263 

Venders of fabrics 270 

Needlework 275 

Cleaning and dyeing of fabrics 281 

Trades and Occupations 286 

Costume 

Costume 323 

Dress of apprentices and servants 334 

Painting and Glazing 

Painters and glaziers 348 

Window glass and paints 352 

Coach Makers 

Coach makers 356 

Coaches 360 

Saddlers 363 

Music and Musical Instruments 

Musical instrument makers 365 

Music teachers 368 

Music and musical instruments 371 



xii CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Moving Pictures, Wax Works, and Other Novelties 

Moving pictures and other novelties 374 

Wax works 389 

A Representative List of Woodcuts and Engravings 
Illustrating New York Newspapers, 1726-1776 . 395 

Index 399 



INTRODUCTION 



Advertisements by craftsmen were conspicuously 
absent from New York City newspapers before 1750. 
The newspaper columns were devoted for the most part 
to European news and only comparatively small sections 
contained local news and advertisements. Such adver- 
tisements as did appear dealt largely with runaway 
slaves, counterfeiting, sailings of vessels, real estate, and 
sales of merchandise. 

There were undoubtedly craftsmen at the time other 
than the few who advertised. Reference to them is found 
in recorded wills. Minutes of the Common Council, hsts 
of Freemen and other documents, and mention of them 
was made from time to time in runaway slave notices, 
real estate advertisements and the like. The explanation 
for the lack of advertisements by craftsmen may He in 
the fact that New York was hardly more than a village 
at the time. It was not essential to advertise since each 
person knew about the affairs and occupation of his 
fellows. 

The early New York artisan had apparently not yet 
won the confidence of his community, for most articles 
offered for sale in New York were imported. Even 
repairs were made abroad. James Foddy, one of the first 
craftsmen to advertise in New York papers, complained 
bitterly that he had not received "suitable encourage- 
ment." 

The kind and number of craftsmen who advertised or 
were mentioned before 1750 are shown in the following 
table : 

Joiners and carpenters 12 

Silversmiths 9 

Clockmakers 7 

xiii 



XIV INTRODUCTION 

Printers 5 

Painters and glaziers 5 

Cutlers 5 

Stone cutters 4 

Bookbinders 4 

Needleworkers 4 

Looking glass makers and menders 3 

Pewterers 3 

Mathematical instrument makers 2 

Jewellers 1 

Gimsmith 1 

Coachmaker 1 

There was also a miscellaneous group of craftsmen of 
whom notices or advertisements appeared sporadically. 

That a comparatively large number of silversmiths 
should have advertised was to be expected, for silver- 
ware was commonly the repository of an individual's 
wealth. Having no place to store their money and being 
in constant fear of having it stolen, many people had 
their silver melted into useful pieces of ware. The silver 
was then less likely to be stolen since each piece had its 
characteristic design and marks. 

Of the early craftsmen who did advertise many laid 
stress on business activities other than their crafts. This 
was especially true among watchmakers. One sold bags 
of new hops, another a patent medicine and still another 
Cheshire cheese. John Miller, who mended looking 
glasses, was more interested in the garden seeds he had 
to sell. A tooth powder notice was emphasized in a gold- 
smith's advertisement. 

After 1750 there was a marked increase in the number 
and scope of advertisements largely as a result of the 
natural growth of the city and the constant effort to 
encourage home manufactures. "They are equal if not 
superior in quality to any imported from Europe," "No 
Duties Here," "To be sold as cheap as can be imported," 
"Preference to what is American Made" and similar 
statements indicated a dawning American consciousness. 

Although the advertisements contained nothing of the 
modern arresting technique, they clearly expressed the 



INTRODUCTION XV 

humor, honesty and competitive spirit of the artisans. 
Rhymes, letters and anecdotes often formed part of an 
advertisement. The absence of house numbers often 
necessitated a long description of the location of the 
craftsman. Sometimes the major portion of an adver- 
tisement was given over to a description of where the 
craftsman could be found. The lack of guilds, member- 
ship in which would automatically have given prestige 
and status, made it important for the craftsman to keep 
his reputation unspoiled. Entire notices were sometimes 
devoted to long and eloquent defenses against malicious 
attacks on the character or skill of a craftsman.^ Our 
modern price wars seem quite mild when compared to 
some of those reflected in these pre-revolutionary adver- 
tisements. "None of your cents, but GOODS given away 
Gratis" was the climax of a price war among a group of 
importers in 1771. 

Other Compilations of Newspaper Notices 

This compilation of advertisements from New York 
City newspapers will serve the same purpose as source 
material for New York as the reader will find for other 
states in the following compilations: George Francis 
Dow, The Arts and Crafts in New England, 1704-1775 
(Topsfield, Mass., 1927); Lyman Horace Weeks and 
Edwin M. Bacon, An Historical Digest of the Provincial 
Press, Massachusetts Series, 1704-1707 (Society for 
Americana, Inc., Boston, 1911); Alfred Coxe Prime, The 
Arts and Crafts in Philadelphia, Maryland and South 
Carolina, 1721-1785, 1786-1800 (The Walpole Society, 
1929, 1932) ; Colonial Craftsmen of Pennsylvania: 
Reproductions of early newspaper advertisements from 
the private collection of Alfred Coxe Prime (Pennsyl- 
vania Museum and School of Industrial Art, Phila- 
delphia, July, 1925) ; and newspaper extracts relating to 

1 For instance, many advertisements were inserted in the New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy of 1764 by Benjamin Halsted, silver- 
smith, in an attempt to discredit the accusations of customer Andrew 
Bowne. See pages 45-46. 



XVi INTRODUCTION 

New Jersey, 1704-1782, in eleven volumes of the First 
Series of New Jersey Archives, and in New Jersey 
Archives, Second Series, volumes I-V. 

New York City Newspapers, 1726-1776 

The following are the newspapers, published in New 
York City, through which I made a careful search, and 
from which the advertisements and news items printed 
in this volume have been gleaned : 

The American Chronicle, 1762 

The New-York Chronicle, 1769-1770 

The Constitutional Gazette, 1775-1776 

The New-York Evening Post, 1744-1752 

The New-York Gazette, 1726-1744 

The New-York Gazette, or the Weekly Post-Boy, 

1747-1773 
The New-York Gazette (Weyman's), 1759-1767 
The New-York Gazette, and the Weekly Mercury, 

1768-1783 
The New-York Journal, or, the General Advertiser, 

1766-1776 
The New-York Mercury, 1752-1768 
The New-York Packet And the American Advertiser, 

1776 
The New-York Pacquet, 1763 
Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 1773-1775 
The New-York Weekly Journal, 1733-1751 
The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, 1743-1747 

In selecting and classifying advertisements found in 
the above New York City newspapers from 1726 through 
1776, 1 have adopted the following procedure: 

1. Only the first notice of a craftsman and those subse- 
quent notices which gave additional information have 
been used. If the craftsman advertised over a period of 
years without adding anything of importance to his 
advertisements, I have not included the subsequent 
advertisements but have merely referred to them in a 



INTRODUCTION xvii 

footnote. This complete chronology of advertisements 
has been adhered to for major crafts, such as silver, 
cabinetmaking, pewter, watchmaking, painting, etc. The 
years of continued advertising by lesser craftsmen has, 
in most instances, not been noted. 

2. When a name of a craftsman appeared in print 
without any mention of his craft, I have not included 
the notice, unless it clearly indicated that he worked at 
such craft.^ 

3. The phonetic spelling and typographical errors 
appearing in the advertisements have been exactly repro- 
duced without notation. I have, however, indicated 
where proper names have been misspelled. Paragraphs, 
itaUcs and capitalization of an entire word or group of 
words were used by the early printers for emphasis. To 
copy each advertisement as it originally appeared in print 
would require a great deal of unnecessary space. I have, 
therefore, eliminated capitalization of entire words and 
itahcs in the body of the advertisements. Dashes and 
paragraphs have been retained only when their omission 
would fail to make the advertisement clear. 

4. Although the original wording has been copied in 
most advertisements, I have in a few instances inserted 
summary statements. These can be readily recognized. 

5. Where I have supplied the caption of an advertise- 
ment it is followed with a period and a dash; a caption 
appearing as part of the original advertisement is fol- 
lowed either by a comma or by no punctuation at all 
depending upon how it appeared in the newspaper. 

6. Prior to 1752, when England discarded the Julian 
Calendar and adopted the new-style Gregorian Calendar 

2 For instance, notices concerning the following known silversmiths 
appeared without mention of their craft: Jeremiah Wool advertised for 
a runaway apprentice, The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
June 20, 1774; Jeremiah Wool and Gary Dunn were assignees in a 
notice which appeared in The Weekly Mercury, July 20, 1767; Elias 
Pelletreau sold tar and pitch. The New-York Gazette Revived in the 
Weekly Post-Boy, December 16, 1751; Jacob C. Ten Eyck was men- 
tioned as Judge of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas, of the City of 
Albany, The Weekly Mercury, November 2, 1767; Richard Van Dyck 
sold imported goods, The New-York Gazette) or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
May 27, 1754. 



xvni INTRODUCTION 

used by other European countries, the New York news- 
papers from January to March 24th, usually carried the 
date-years of both systems (as 1748/1749), the first rep- 
resenting the Juhan year ending in March, and the 
second the year beginning in January. In citing such a 
date, I have given only the second figure, for the year 
beginning in January, according to the new style. 

7. I have included all craftsmen who advertised in New 
York City newspapers whether or not they worked or 
resided in New York. 

8. I have included among the advertisements some 
news items which refer definitely to artisans and crafts- 
men. Such items have been specified as news in my 
citations. When the newspaper indicates that the news 
came from another city than New York, that city is 
always mentioned. 

9. The chapter on "Miscellaneous Crafts" includes 
only a representative group of craftsmen. 

Rita Susswein Gottesman 



THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 
1726-1776 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 

Painters 

Abraham Delanoy, jun. just arrived from London: 
Takes this Opportunity to inform the Public, That he 
is now settled at Mr. Turner's, in New-Dutch Church 
Street, near the Colonel Robinson's; Where he intends 
to carry on Portrait Painting; Ladies and Gentlemen 
that Please to employ him, may depend on all the Jus- 
tice in his Power, and he doubts not, but he shall give 
satisfaction. — The New-York Journal or the General Ad- 
vertiser, May 28, 1767. 

Abraham Delanoy, Junior, Takes this Opportunity to 
inform those Ladies and Gentlemen that have proposed 
to favour him with their commands, that he intends for 
the West-Indies in the Spring; it is therefore necessary 
that they apply speedily; He expresses his Acknowledge- 
ment to those that have employed him hitherto. He 
continues to paint Portraits at his Room in New Dutch- 
Church-street, near Col. Robinson's. His name over the 
Door. — The New-York Mercury, January 18, 1768. 

Abraham Delanoy. — Likenesses Painted for a reason- 
able Price, by A. Delanoy, Jun. who has been Taught by 
the celebrated Mr. Benjamin West, in London. N.B. Is 
to be spoke with opposite Mr. Dirck Schuyler's, at his 
Fathers. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, January 7, 1771. 

John Durand. — The Subscriber having from his In- 
fancy endeavoured to qualify himself in the Art of his- 
torical Painting, humbly hopes for the Encouragement 
from the Gentlemen and Ladies of this City and Prov- 



2 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

ince, that so elegant and entertaining an Art, has always 
obtained from People of the most improved Minds, and 
best Taste and Judgement, in all polite Nations in every 
Age. And tho' he is sensible, that to excel (in this 
Branch of Painting especially) requires a more ample 
Fund of universal and accurate Knowledge than he can 
pretend to, in Geometry, Geography, Perspective, An- 
atomy, Expression of Passions, ancient and modern 
History, &c. &c. Yet he hopes, from the good Nature 
and Indulgence of the Gentlemen and Ladies who employ 
him that his humble Attempts, in which his best En- 
deavours will not be wanting, will meet with Acceptance, 
and give Satisfaction; and he proposes to work at as 
cheap Rates as any Person in America. 

To such Gentlemen and Ladies as have thought but 
little upon this Subject, and might only regard painting 
as a superfluous Ornament, I would just observe, that 
History-painting, besides being extremely ornamental, 
has many important uses. It presents to our View, some of 
the most interesting Scenes recorded in ancient or mod- 
ern History; gives us more lively and perfect Ideas of 
the Things represented, than we could receive from an 
historical account of them; and frequently recals to our 
Memory, a long Train of Events, with which those Rep- 
resentations were connected. They shew us a proper Ex- 
pression of the Passions excited by every Event, and 
have an Effect, the very same in Kind, (but stronger) 
than a fine historical Description of the same Passage 
would have upon a judicious Reader. Men who have 
distinguished themselves for the good of their Country 
and Mankind, may be set before our Eyes as Examples, 
and to give us their silent Lessons, and besides, every 
judicious Friend and Visitant shares with us in the 
Advantage and Improvement, and increases its Value to 
ourselves. 

John Durand, 
near the City-Hall, Broad-street. 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, April 
11, 1768. 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 3 

Du SiMiTiERE. — Mr. Du Simitiere, Miniature Painter, 
Intending shortly to leave this City, and it being uncer- 
tain whether he will return again, if any Gentlemen or 
Ladies should incline to employ him, he is to be found 
at his lodgings, in the House of Mrs. Ferrara, in Maiden 
Lane. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
July 31, 1769. 

Stephen Dwight, Begs leave to acquaint the Publick, 
that he continues Portrait and History Painting, as 
usual; and begs such Gentlemen and Ladies who incline 
to employ him in the Portrait way, that they would be 
speedy in their AppHcation, as the present Season is most 
suitable for that work. He likewise intends the ensuing 
Week to open a school for the Instruction of Youth in 
the several Branches of Drawing ; the Hours of Drawing 
at School will be from 1 to 2, and from 5 to 6 in the 
Afternoon, at 6 Shillings per Week ; if it should suit any 
Persons he will attend from 5 to 6 in the Morning, he 
proposes not to take above 6 or 8 Scholars. 

N.B. Said Dwight also continues to Carve all Sorts of 
House, Ship and cabinet Work in the best Manner. — The 
New-York Mercury, May 2, 1763. 



Lawrence Kilburn, Limner, just arrived from Lon- 
don with Capt. Miller, hereby acquaints all Gentlemen 
and Ladies incHned to favour him in having their Pic- 
tures drawn, that he don't doubt of pleasing them in 
taking a true Likeness, and finishing the Drapery in a 
proper Manner, as also in the Choice of Attitudes, 
suitable to each Person's Age and Sex, and giving agree- 
able Satisfaction, as he has heretofore done to Gentlemen 
and Ladies in London. He may at present be apply'd 
to at his Lodgings, at Mr. Bogart's, near the New Print- 
ing-Office in Beaver-Street. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Post-Boy, May 13, 1754. 



4 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Lawbence Kilburn/ Limner, from London, who 
lately advertised in this paper; hereby acquaints all 
Gentlemen and Ladies, that are mindful to see some of 
his Performances. 

That he has now several Pieces taken from the Life, 
finished in his Room ; as also sundry other curious Pieces, 
scarcely to be met with at any other Place in this City, 
and hopes that Gentlemen and Ladies who have a Taste 
that Way, will favour him with their Companies; and 
doubts not but a View of his Performances will engage 
them to incourage him in this Branch of Business, as at 
present there is no other in Town who pretends thereto. 

N.B. He lodges at Mr. Bogart's next Door to the late 
Domini Boel's near the New-Ptinting-Ofl&ce in Beaver- 
Street. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
September 30, 1754. 

Lawrence Kilburn, Limner, from London. Intends 
during the Winter Season, to instruct Gentlemen in the 
Art of drawing Landskips, Faces, Flowers, &c. on very 
reasonable Terms, and at such Hours as will be most 
suitable to those Gentlemen. 

N.B. He lodges at Mr. Schuyler's, next Door to Mr. 
Henry Holland's near Coenties Market. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, October 13, 1755. 

Lawrence Kilburnn, Limner from London Continues, 
as usual, to draw to the life. Ladies and gentlemen that 
have not as yet seen many of his performances, may 
now have an opportunity of viewing sundry pieces 
together, which he has drawn to the entire satisfaction 
of the persons for whom they were designed. He may 
be applied to at his lodgings, at the house of Mr. Peter 
Rosevelt, in Bayard's-street. He draws also in miniature. 
— The New-York Mercury, September 26, 1757. 

Lawrence Kilbrunn. — As my Business calls me up 
to Albany in about three Weeks Time, I desire therefore 

1 Name is spelled various ways: Kilbrun, Kilbrunn, Elillbmn, Kilburn, 
Kilburnn. 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 5 

all who are indebted to me, to settle with me; and all 
who hath any Demands one me, to send in their Accounts 
that they may be settled. And as my Affairs may Keep 
me in Albany all next Summer, I shall therefore be glad 
that if any Gentlemen or Ladies who might incline to 
have their Pictures drawn by me, to apply speedily, at 
my lodgings in Bayard-Street, at Mr. John Lansing's. 
Lawrence Kilbrunn. — The New-York Mercury, March 
30, 1761. 

Lawrence Kilburn, Intending to remove into the 
country, all persons having any demands on him, are 
desired to bring them in, and receive payment; and all 
who are indebted to him either on book, note, or bond, 
to discharge the same, within three months from the 
above date, to prevent trouble. As at present there is 
no other Portrait painter in thie city but himself ; who- 
ever incHnes to have anything done of that kind, are 
desired to apply in time, as it may be long before they 
have another opportunity. 

N.B. He hath yet some white lead, ground to dispose 
of. — The New-Yo', ': Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
August 22, 1765. 

Lawrence Kilburn. — Sells paints and painter's mate- 
rials; Portrait Painter's Colours; Canvas, 

Hair and Fitch Pencils, Tools, and gilt carv'd Frames for 
Portraits, Leaf-Gold, and Silver, Ditto, &c. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Post-Boy, April 26, 1764. 

Lawrence Kilburn. — All persons indebted to the 
estate of Lawrence Killbrun, late of this city, deceased, 
are hereby requested to pay the same speedily to Judith 
Killbrun, or Abm. H. Van Vleck, Merchant, who are to 
be spoke with at the store of Henry Van Vleck and Son 
at which place is for sale the remaining assortment of all 
kinds of painters colours, and different sizes of glass, 
which will be sold low for cash only. And likewise to be 
let and entered upon immediately, the pleasant situated 



6 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

and convenient house which the said Killbrun occu- 
pied. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
July 17, 1775. 

Thomas Milworth, Portrait Painter, Has removed to 
the House of Mr. Samuel Deall, in Broad-street, opposite 
to Beaver-street, His first Sett of Pictures are now 
finished : and as this is the most proper Season for Paint- 
ing, he desires Gentlemen and Ladies that incHne to any 
Thing done in his way, to be speedy in their apphcation. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Post-Boy, 
August 21, 1758. 

William Birchall Tatley, from London, Begs leave 
to acquaint the public, that he has taken a commodious 
house the Corner of Beaver-Street, and facing General 
Haldimand's, where he purposes Painting portraits in oil, 
or in a miniature for the bracelet, or so small as to be set 
in a ring. Those Ladies and Gentlemen who please to 
favour him with their commands, may depend on having 
them done in the best manner, and with the greatest 
expedition. — The New-York Gazette and Weekly Mer- 
cury, August 8, 1774. 

William Birchall Tetley.^ — Dancing, Taught at 
Home and Abroad by Wm. Birchall Tetley. Late 
apprentice to Monsieur Gherarde, of London ; He teaches 
on the usual terms the minuet, cottilions, AUemande, 
English Country dances; single double, and treble horn- 
pipes, &c. &c. as they are now danced at London and 
Paris, which last place he has lately visited. Those 
Gentlemen and Ladies who please to favour him with 
their commands, at the corner of Beaver-street, shall be 
duly attended. An Evening School at home, three times 
a week. 

Continues painting Portraits in oyl or miniature, as 
usual. Teaches Ladies and Gentlemen drawing and 

a Another form of spelling for Tatley. 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 7 

painting in crayons or water colours. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, November 14, 1774. 

William Williams, Painter, at Rembrandt's Head, in 
Batteaux-street, Undertakes painting in general, viz. 
History, Portraiture, landskip, sign painting, lettering, 
gilding, and stewing smalt. N.B. He cleans, repairs, and 
varnishes, any old pictures of value, and teaches the art 
of drawing. Those ladies or gentlemen who may be 
pleased to employ him, may depend on care and dispatch. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 
8, 1769. 

Paintings 

Painting on Glass. — By a Person lately arrived in 
this Town. Painting upon Glass (commonly call'd 
burning upon Glass) is performed in a neat and curious 
Manner so as never to change its Colour; Perspective 
Views neatly coloured for the Camera Obscura. N.B. 
Young Gentlemen and Ladies are instructed in either of 
the above, so as to be capable to perform it themselves 
in a little Time, at a reasonable Rate. By the same 
Person, Land survey'd designs for Buildings, Plans and 
Maps neatly drawn. Enquire at Mr. John Ditcher's, 
Tallow-Chandler and Soap-Boiler in the Sloat. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, July 9, 1753. 

Paintings. — Twenty-four fruit and flower pieces, 
elegantly done by Jones, just imported, and to be sold, 

by John Wetherhead, at his store in King-street 

— The New-York Mercury, December 24, 1764. 

Pictures. — For Sale, at Garrat Noel's, next Door to 
the Merchant's Coffee-House, a Great Variety of the 
most elegant Pictures, framed and glazed in America, 
which in Neatness of Workmanship, equal any imported 
from England, and will be Sold at a much lower Price. — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, June 5, 
1769 (Supplement). 



8 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Engravers 

Adems. — . . . N.B. Any Persons may have their 

Coats of Arms, or Names, to paste on the Inside of the 
Covers of Books; Shop Bills, with proper Figures and 
Designs, or any other engraving work, neatly executed 
by Adems, Schoolmaster and Engraver, on Golden Hill. — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, June 23, 
1763 {Supplement). 

DuNLAP Adems, writing master, Has lately open'd 
school, in Queen-street, near the Fly, at half a guinea per 
month. Hours of teaching is from 10 to 12 in the fore- 
noon. Those who can't spare time in the day time, may 
be taught at night. — New-York Mercury, January 10, 
1763. 

John Anthony Beau. — To The PubHc, John Anthony 
Beau, Engraver and chaser, Proposes to teach any Ladies 
or Gentlemen that incline to learn, the Art of Drawing, 
in all its Branches. He engraves and does all sorts of 
chasing Work, at the most reasonable Rates. Whoever 
will favour him with their Commands, are desired to 
apply to Mr. Lewis Fueter, Gold and Silver Smith, oppo- 
site the Coffee House. — New-York Journal or General 
Advertiser, December 20, 1770. 

Isaac Clemens, Engraver, (who lately arrived with his 
Majesty's Fleet from Boston in New-England.) Informs 
the Gentlemen of the Navy and Army, and Public in 
general, that he now carries on the Engraving Business, 
at his Shop, near the French Church, in King-street, 
New- York. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, October 21, 1776. 

Henry Dawkins, engraver, who lately lived with Mr. 
Anthony Lamb, has now set up his business in the shop 
late Mr. Paiba's, opposite the Merchants Coffee-House, 
in New York, where he engraves in all sorts of mettals. 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 9 

Gentlemen that will favour him with their work, may 
depend on having it done in the best manner, with expe- 
dition, and on the most reasonable terms. — The New- 
York Mercury, October 20, 1755. 

Michael De Bruls. — Curious Chasing or other Raised 
Work, in general on Gold and Silver Watch-Cases, Snuff 
Boxes, &c. Engraving, Crests and Coats of Arms, &c. 
on Gold, Silver and Copperplate; Also, Engraving of 
Seals on Gold, Silver or Steel Done. By Michael De 
Bruss,^ At the House of Mr. Frederick Beckers, in 
Maiden-Lane, near the Fly-Market. N.B. He also doth 
draw Plans of Fortifications, &c. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, December 19, 1757. 

Michael De Bruls. — By the Advice and Encourage- 
ment of several Gentlemen of this City, is published by 
Subscription, and curiously engraved on two large 
Copper Plates, by Michael De Bruls, Engraver and 
Inhabitant of this City, A plan of the Landing, Encamp- 
ment and Attack against Fort Niagara, on Lake Ontario, 
reduced with the adjacent Country, by his Majesty's 
Forces under the Command of Sir Wilham Johnson, 
Baronet; the Place of Engagement where the French 
Reinforcement was defeated. Also a Plan of Fort 
Niagara, on a large Scale, shewing its advantageous 
Situation and Harbour, its extraordinary Strength, forti- 
fied both by Art and Nature, with the required Refer- 
ences, the whole laid down by an experienced Engineer. 

Conditions of Subscription, viz. 

I. This Plan, with Part of Lake Ontario, and the 
opposite Shore, over that River, which proceeds from 
over Niagara Falls, into said Lake, is beautifully en- 
graved on two large Copper-Plates, as abovementioned, 
and almost ready for Printing; they are to be printed 
on the largest and best Paper, said Work will form a 

3 In the next issue of the same newspaper the name is spelled De 
Bruls. 



10 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

handsome Print of two Feet eleven Inches, by one Foot 
one Inch, exclusive of the Margin. 

II. Each Subscriber is desired to give in his Name and 
Place of Abode. 

III. This Plan shall be deUvered on, or before the last 
Day of June next ensuing, to the several Subscribers at 
their Places of Abode, at Eight ShiUings, New- York 
Currency, one Half to be paid on Subscribing, the other 
Half on Dehvery of the Plans. 

IV. The Subscription will be closed on the 26th of 
June next, after which none will be sold for less than 16 
Shillings New- York Currency, each Plan. 

To deliver these Plans immediately after being printed. 
Notice shall be given by the New- York News-Papers on 
and from the 28th of June next ensuing. 

Subscriptions are taken in by Messrs. Parker and Com- 
pany, Mr. W. Weyman, and Samuel Farley, Printers in 
New- York, also by Michael De Bruhls, [sic] Engraver 
of the above Plan, in the Road beyond the New-Goal on 
the Hill, where the above engraved Plates may be seen. 

Such Gentlemen and others, as shall please to en- 
courage this Undertaking will great obHge their most 
obedient and obhging Servant, M. de Bruls. — The Ameri- 
can Chronicle, April 19, 1762. 

Michael De Bruls. — For publishing by Subscription, 
Two different water views, and two different land views, 
of this flourishing city of New- York. The editor and 
engraver, has taken great pains, and been very exact in 
laying down these four beautiful prospects, with which 
the city presents itself to the eye of every judicious 
Beholder. He hopes to meet with encouragement from 
all Gentlemen and Ladies, &c. especially, as nothing of 
this Kind ever has been undertaken before by any body 
in this part of the world. 

Conditions of Subscription. 

1. These above-mentioned four different views, with 
the respective references, in Enghsh, High Dutch and 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 11 

Low Dutch, will be curiously engraved on a copper plate, 
of 21 by 12 inches each, and printed on best large paper. 

2. A plan of the streets, &c. of this city, with their 
respective names, will also be neatly engraved on another 
copper plate, and printed on best large paper. 

3. Each subscriber to sign his name, and give his 
quality and place of abode. 

4. These four prints will be deUvered on or before the 
last day of May next, to be several subscribers at their 
place of abode, at Twenty Shillings, New- York currency ; 
one half to be paid on subscribing, the other half on the 
dehvery of the five prints. 

5. The subscription will be closed on the 28th day of 
May next, after which none will be sold or disposed of. 

6. A separate Pamphlet will be pubUshed along with 
the prints, giving an exact account of the wholesome 
climate, pleasant situations, products, &c. of this prov- 
ince, for the benefit of the subscribers, which they may 
chuse, either in Enghsh, High Dutch, or Low Dutch. 

7. The above plates are partly finished engraving. 
The editor and publisher has settled a correspondence in 
the most noted cities and towns in New-York govern- 
ment, New-England, the Jersies, and Pennsylvania, for 
to deliver the prints immediately after publication, 
whereof notice will be given in the public News-Papers in 
New- York, Boston, Philadelphia, &c. 

Subscriptions are taken in by W. Weyman, Printer in 
Broad-street, Hugh Gaine, in Hanover-Square, John Holt 
at Burling's Slip, and Michael De Bruls, publisher and 
engraver of the above plates, at the lower end of New- 
Street, next door to Col. Thody. 

P. S. The reason why these above-mentioned four 
views, with the plans of this city, have not been finished 
and delivered according to Advertisement, is, 1st. a great 
many Gentlemen and Ladies, having as yet only prom- 
ised to subscribe; this my undertaking being of a very 
extraordinary charge to me. 2d. I find a great deal more 
land laid in lots additional to this city, than what I was 
acquainted with, consequently requires more expence and 



12 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

time to complete the same ; particularly as I am desirous 
to give Satisfaction to all those that have, and may 
encourage the above undertaking, as well as for my 
recommendation and credit; therefore, all Gentlemen, 
and others are requested to be expeditious in subscribing, 
and giving in their names and places of abode as they are 
intended to be printed, and prefixed to the pamphlet. 

And in complying with this request, they will greatly 
obHge their most obhged humble servant, Michael De 
Bruls.— r/ie New-York Gazette, March 7, 1763. 

Elisha Gallaudet, Engraver, is removed from the 
house where he lately lived in Smith-Street, to the house 
wherein Mr. Moran Hved, in the Broad-Way near the 
Bowhng-Green, where he carries on his business as usual. 
— The New-York Journal or General Advertiser, August 
1, 1771. 

John Hutt, From London, Engraver and Copper plate 
Printer Engraves Coats of Arms, Crests and Cyphers on 
Plate, Seals, &c. Likewise Bills on Parcels, Shop Bills, 
Card Plates, Bills of Exchange, Bills of Loading, Maps, 
Portraits, &c. All other Engraving and Printing per- 
formed in the neatest and most elegant taste. 

Specimens of his Work to be seen at Mr. Rivington's. — 
Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, June 24, 1773. 

John Hutt from London, Engraver in general, and 
copperplate Printer at Mr. Sickles's, next door to the 
Merchant's Coffee-House, New- York : 

Engraves all Architecture, Maps, 

sorts of Coats of arms. Portraits, 

Crests, Frontispieces, 

Seals and CjT^hers, Door Plates, 

Shop Bills, Compliment Cards, 

Bills of Exchange, Spoons & all sorts of plate 

Bills of Lading, marked and cypher'd, 

Bills of Parcels, Dogs collars. 

Card Plates &c. Stamps, &c. &c. 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 13 

Said John Hutt returns his most sincere thanks to his 
friends, for the favours ah-eady conferred on him, and 
assures the Pubhc, that he intends carrying on the 
Engraving and Printing business in the most elegant 
manner, and with the greatest dispatch. — Rivington's 
New-York Gazetteer, January 20, 1774 (Supplement). 

John Hutt, Engraver in General, And Copper Plate 
Printer, Directly opposite the coffee house, in Water- 
street, New- York. Performs every article in the different 
branches of engraving, with the utmost neatness and 
dispatch. N.B. Stamps cut for the news paper on the 
shortest notice; arms neatly painted on vellum. — The 
New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, September 
15, 1774. 

John- Lamb. — Engraving in gold, silver and copper 
and other metals by John Lamb, at Sir Isaac Newton's 
head on Hunter's-Key, New- York. — New-York Mercury, 
March 15, 1756. 

Henry Purcell, Engraver, Begs leave to acquaint his 
friends in particular, and the public in general, that he 
has opened a shop in Broad-Way, nearly opposite Mr. 
Hull's Tavern, where he carries on the engraving business 
in different branches, and hopes he can give satisfaction 
to all gentlemen that may be pleased to favour him with 
their commands, as they may depend upon the greatest 
care and dispatch. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 
September 15, 1774. 

Joseph Simons, Seal-Cutter and Engraver, from 
Berhn, next Door to Mr. Edward Leight, Leather- 
Dresser, in the Fly, Cuts all sorts of Coats of Arms, 
Cyphers, & etc. in Stone, Steel, Silver, or any other 
Metal. Also engraves Coats of Arms, Crests, Cyphers, 
on the Plate, &c. Those Gentlemen and Ladies that 
please to send their Escutcheons, may depend upon hav- 
ing them done after the Manner of the Herald's office, 



14 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

and as neat as in any Part of England. N.B. He will 
wait on any Gentlemen or Ladies, on Notice being sent 
to him.— The New-York Gazette, May 9, 1763. 



Engravings 

View of the City Of Albany. — This is to give Notice, 
there is in Hand a view of the City of Albany which 
Design, (if a sufficient number of Subscribers come in) 
to engrave it on Copper, and print it on fine Paper, all 
Gentlemen that are willing to forward it, are Desired to 
Subscribe at Matthias Cregeer on the Dock, in New- 
York, and at Mr. Waters in Albany. (The price is three 
ShilHngs per Print). — The New-York Gazette, July 
18-25, 1736. 

Prints and Maps. — To be sold cheap by the Printer 
hereof, viz. A Map of the whole World; a Map of each 
Quarter of the World ; a Map of England, a Plan of the 
City of London; a View of the City of New- York; — A 
View of the Battle of CuUoden; a View of Captain 
Phillips's retaking the Solebay; two large Prints of 
Horses, one the Duke of Bolton's, the other the Earl of 
Portmore's; a beautiful small Print of Sir Philip Sidney; 
and several other small Prints. — The New-York Gazette 
Revived in the Post-Boy, April 24, 1749. 

Mr. Strange's Prints. — To the Curious. Lately pub- 
hshed in England, and to be sold by Garrat Noel and 
Company, near the Meal-Market, the celebrated Mr. 
Strange's Twelve very elegant Prints, consisting of, Le 
Retour du Marche, a Cupid, a Magdalane, a Cleopatra, 
a Headpiece from the Painting of Guido Rheni, a Virgin 
Mary from ditto, Liberality and Modesty from ditto, 
Apollo rewarding Merit and punishing Arrogance, Caesar 
putting away Pompey, and receiving his Wife; the find- 
ing of the Romulus and Remus, Belisarius, Charles 
Prince of Wales, James Duke of York, and Princess 
Mary, Children of King Charles 1st. These surprizing 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 15 

pieces are bound up in Boards to preserve them, but may 
be taken out to put into Frames. Likewise, the Heads 
of illustrious persons of Great Britain, on 180 Copper- 
Plates, engraved by Houbraken and Mr. Virtue, with 
their Lives and Characters, by Thomas Birch, D. D. 
Secretary to the Royal society. Done upon Imperial 
Paper, and curiously bound. N.B. Gentlemen of Taste 
that are willing to purchase either of these much 
esteemed Curiosities, are desired to apply in Time, as 
there are but very few Copies to dispose of. — The New- 
York Mercury, March 26, 1759. 

View of Niagara. — Engraving, A View of the Cataract 
of Niagara, which will be pubhshed in June next. From 
this Representation of one of the most wonderful Aspects 
of Nature, designed as a Specimen of what the Publisher 
intends to do with many other great and stupendous 
Scenes throughout America, he has some Reason to hope, 
that a Work of such Elegance and Beauty, will meet with 
the Aid and Countenance, as may enable him to give 
these amazing Subjects every Help that Art can with 
Propriety bestow of, which this his first Essay he flatters 
himself will be judged a very striking Instance. After 
the Subscription shall be closed the Price will be raised. 
Proposals to be seen at Mr. Rivington's, Mr. Noel's, Mr. 
Dyckinck's, where Subscriptions are taken in. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, February 8, 1773. 

Church-Music, Ready for engraving, and to be pub- 
lished by subscriptions, . . . — Rivington's New-York 
Gazetteer, June 24, 1773. 

American Magazine. Those gentlemen and ladies 
who inchne to encourage the pubhcation of the Royal 
American Magazine, are hereby informed, that the sub- 
scription papers will be returned to the intended pub- 
lisher in a few days, in order that he may ascertain the 
number subscribed for. Subscriptions are taken in by 
Hugh Gaine. N.B. The introduction to the Royal 



16 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

American Magazine (or No. I to be ornamented with two 
elegant copper-plate prints) will be published on the first 
day of January next. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, November 15, 1773. 

Mezzotint of Doctor Ogilvie. — A Mezzotinto Print 
of the Revd Doctor Ogilvie, (taken from an extraordinary 
likeness) is now in hand, and will be finished in a few 
weeks; the size of the plate is 15 inches by 11. As the 
Subscriber has done it solely at his own risque, and was 
the first person in this city, who proposed it, and was 
even promised the portrait, which is now to be sent to 
England, to take a sketch from : He is in hopes that all 
those who are inclined to promote arts and ingenuity in 
America, will make it a point to encourage the under- 
taking. Anthony Lamb. — The New-York Journal or the 
General Advertiser, January 26, 1775. 

Mezzotint of John Hancock. — It Is Proposed, To 
print in about Ten days, A Neat Mezzotinto Print, of the 
Hon. John Hancock, Esq; President of the Continental 
Congress. Subscriptions are taken in by H. Gaine, and 
R. Sauce, in New- York; and by Mr. Nicholas Brooks, in 
Philadelphia. Price, 3s. 9d. or in double-carv'd gilt 
frames, at 7s. 6d. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, October 9, 1775. 

Engravings & Mezzotints. — MinshuU's Looking Glass 
Store, Removed from Smith street to Hanover-square 
(opposite Mr. Goelet's the sign of the Golden Key,) has 
for sale. Engravings. By Strange, WoUet, Vivare's & 
other eminent masters. A pleasing variety of mezzo- 
tintos well chosen and beautifully coloured . . . — The 
New-York Journal or General Advertiser, March 15, 
1775. 

Maps and Charts 

Map of the Five Great Lakes. — There is now in the 
Press, and will shortly be Published, The History of the 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 17 

Five Indian Nations depending on the Province of New- 
York, giving an Account of their Wars both with the 
Indians and Christians, from the first Settling of Canada 
and New York, as also their Treaties of Peace with sev- 
eral Governments in North America. 

There is also a Map of the five great Lakes, Rivers 
and Indian Countries, shewing the Scituation of the 
several Indian Nations, from Canada to the Branches of 
Misissippi and the Upper Lake. Both printed and Sold 
by William Bradford in New- York. — The New-York 
Gazette, February 20-27, 1727. 

Mercator Chart. — This is to give Notice, That the 
Mercator Chart Drawn by Philip Cockrem, extending 
from the Lat. of 9 Degrees to the Lat. of 43 Degrees 
North; Easterly to the Island of Barbados, Westerly to 
the Entrance of Massisippi; is now entirely finished and 
printed on fine Royal Paper, and are to be seen and sold 
at the House of Philip Cockrem in Princes Street, near 
Smith Street, in New- York; the Price being Twenty 
Shillings each, New- York Money. — The New-York 
Gazette, September 21-28, 1730. 

Plan of New York City. — Just Published, A Plan of 
the City of New- York, from an actual Survey made by 
James Lyne, being curiously, engraved on a Copper Plate 
and printed on a sheet of demy Royal Paper, wherein is 
laid down the situation of his Majesty's Fort and 
Chappel, all the Churches and Meeting-Houses, City- 
Hall, Custom-house, Weigh-house, Exchange, Market- 
houses & other Remarkable Places, shewing also the 
Names and Boundaries of the six Wards in said City, 
with all the Streets, Lanes and Allyes therein. The 
Names of the streets are as follow, viz. 

Kings Street, Queens Street, Prince Street, Duke- 
Street, Hanover Square, Little Queen street, Broad 
street. Broad way, Dock-street, White-hall street, Pearl- 
street, Bridge-street, Market street. Mill street. Stone 
street, Wall street, Cherry street, Rutgers street. Garden 



18 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

street, Nassau street, John street, Anne street, Beekmans 
street, Gold street, Kips street, William street, Beaver 
street, Vandercliff street. Smiths street, Frankford street, 
Fair street, George street, Clfits street, Flatten barrack 
street. New street. Maiden Lane, Wind-Mill Lane, 
Hunters Key, Burnets Key, etc. Printed and Sold by 
William Bradford, Price 4s. 6d. — The New-York Gazette, 
August 30-September 6, 1731. 

Chart of the New England Coast. — There is now 
Published, and to be Sold, The New-England Coasting 
Pilot, from Sandy-Point of New- York unto Cape Canso 
in Nova-Scotia, and part of the Island Breton; with 
Courses and Distances from Place to Place, and Towns 
on the sea-board; The harbours. Bays, Islands, Roads 
Rocks and Sands ; The Setting and Flowing of Tydes 
and Currents, with Directions of great Advantage to this 
part of Navigation in North-America. As also, the 
Soundings, Sands, Rocks and Harbours, with Distance 
of Places from New- York (between Long-Island the 
Main) to Rhode-Island, by Capt. Cyprian Southack. 

Which work being Presented to the King, and his 
Majesty taking into his gracious Consideration the Use- 
fulness of the said Performance, was pleased to order 
the sum of Fifty Pounds to be paid to Capt. Southack 
for buying him a Gold Chain and Medal, as a mark of 
his Majesty's Royal Favour for his Labour and Pains 
[sic] in so useful a Work. To be Sold by William Brad- 
ford in the City of New- York. — The New-York Gazette, 
June 24-July 1, 1734. 

Map of New York Harbor. — There is now Published 
a new Map of the Harbour of New- York, from a late 
Survey, containing the Soundings and setting of the 
Tydes, and the bearings of the most remarkable Places, 
with the Proper Places for Anchoring. To be Sold by 
the Printer hereof. — The New-York Gazette, March 
24-31, 1735. 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 19 

Map of the Five Nations of Indians. — On Monday- 
next will be published'' a Map of the five Nations of 
Indians, with the Road from Albany to Oswego and the 
Situation of the Lakes. — The New-York Gazette, August 
18-25, 1735. 

Plan of Louisbourg. — Just published at Boston (Price 
20 s. Old Tenor) A Plan of the City and Fortress of 
Louisbourg; with a small Plan of the Harbour: Done in 
Metzotinto on Royal Paper, from the Original Drawing 
of Richard Gridley, Esq; Commander of the Train of 
Artillery at the Siege of Louisbourg. Sold by J. Smibert, 
in Queen-Street, Boston. — The New-York Weekly Post- 
Boy, October 6, 1746. 

Maps of Pennsylvania &c. — Just published (in 
Philadelphia) the Second Edition of a Map of Pennsil- 
vania, New-Jersey, New York and the Three Lower 
Counties on Delware, By Lewis Evans. 

The Determination of the Bounds of Pennsilvania and 
Maryland, by a Decree in Chancery; a new Purchase 
made of the Indians and the Erecting four new Counties 
in Pennsilvania, since the first Publication of the Map,^ 
have made this Edition necessary. And Care has been 
taken to supply the Omissions, and to rectify the Errors 
which have escaped in the former Impression; and the 
South Side of Lake Ontario is now added. 

The several Provinces and Countries are distinguished 
in the plain Maps by Division of Lines, and in the 
Coloured Ones, by different Colours. 

Besides what are Common to other Maps, as the Sea- 
Coast, Rivers, Creeks, Mountains, Roads, intermediate 
Distances of Places, and the Situation of Cities, Towns, 
Villages &c. there are inserted in this, how far the Tide 
runs up the Rivers, and the Time of the High-Water, 
full and Change, of the greatest Use in Commerce: the 

■*The notice of the map's publication is to be found in next issue of 
the newspaper. 
3 The map was first proposed for publication by subscription in 1749. 



20 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Variation of the Needle, by several accurate Observa- 
tions, and the Rate of its Decrease, of Use in adjusting 
old Surveys of Land; the greatest Length of Days and 
Nights, a Table of the Distances between the most con- 
siderable Towns, besides Barometrical and Thermomet- 
rical Observations, Accounts of the Weather in this 
Climate, the Production of Lighting and Fogs accounted 
for: with several other Articles recommended by the 
Curious to the Enquiry of the Travellers. 

The Smallness of this Map has been very often 
objected to the Author; but if Gentlemen would con- 
sider, that they seldom have seen Maps of any Parts of 
Europe to a larger Scale, and that there is not a City, 
Town, or even a Village of six Houses within the 
Compass of the Map, that are not inserted in it, and that 
Pensilvania, as far as tolerably settled, which is between 
Delaware River, the Lower Counties, Mariland, and the 
Kittatinny Mountains, tho' now divided into eight 
Counties, is not of Extent equal to Yorkshire in South- 
Britain, they would be induced to think a larger Map 
impertinent; if they did not expect it for other Uses then 
Geography, Physics, History and Commerce. 

The Price of the Plain Maps is One Spanish Dollar; 
of the coloured Ones, on superfine Writing paper. Two 
Dollars; and there are a few on fine Calico, at a Dollar 
and a Half each. 

In Justice to the Buyers of the former Impression, 
their colour'd Maps, tho' torn or defaced will be ex- 
changed for the new Edition ® at Five Shillings, and their 
plain Ones at two Shillings and Six-pence. 

To be sold or exchanged by the Author in Philadelphia, 
and by the Printer hereof. — The New-York Gazette 
Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, August 24, 1752. 

City of Philadelphia. — Proposals for publishing by 
Subscription, A Prospect of the City of Philadelphia. 
Taken from the East, By George Heap. Conditions. 

« Still another edition is mentioned in The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Post-Boy, of August 27, 1753. 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 21 

That the Print shall be seven Feet four Inches in Length, 
taking in the Extent of near a Mile and a Half. 

That in order to have the Work executed in the best 
Manner, the Plates shall be engraved in England, and 
well printed, on fine white and strong Paper. 

That the Price of each Prospect be Twenty Shillings, 
Money of Pensilvania; one Half to be paid at the Time 
of Subscribing, the other on Delivery of the Prints. 

That if a suflScient Number are not subscribed for be- 
fore the first of December next, the Subscription shall be 
void, and the Money returned to the Subscribers again. 

Subscriptions are taken in by Mr. Nicholas Scull, and 
the Author in Philadelphia, and by the Printer hereof 
. . . — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, November 20, 1752. 

Plan of New York City. — To be sold by G. Duy- 
ekinck, The Plan of the City of New- York, shewing the 
several Wards, Streets, Lanes and Allies, Churches, Meet- 
ing Houses, Markets, Sugar and Distilling-Houses, Water 
Lots, with the additional New Lots &c. &c. to this present 
Year. Done from actual Survey. Also Window Glass, Oil 
and Painters Colours, Pictures of all sorts made and sold 
at a reasonable Price. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post Boy, February 24, 1755. 

Map of the Middle British Colonies. — Proposals 
For pubHshing by Subscription, a general Map of the 
Middle British Colonies in America, &c. . . . — The New- 
York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, July 28, 1755. 

Map of the Middle British Colonies. — Just pub- 
lished, a General Map of the Middle British Colonies in 
America, viz. Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Pennsil- 
vania, New-Jersey, New- York, Connecticut, and Rhode- 
Island; of the Country of the Confederate Indians; of 
the Lakes Erie, Ontario, and Champlain, and of the 
Port of New-France. By Lewis Evans. This Map in- 
cludes the Ohio, and all the present Places of Action of 



22 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

the British, French, and Indians; and was composed with 
a particular View to the Connection our Colonies have 
with Canada, the Lakes, Ohio, and the Countries of the 
adjacent Indians. 

The Price of the colour'd Maps, on superfine Writing- 
Paper, Two Pieces of Eight; and of the plain Ones, on 
printing Paper, One Piece of Eight each. With each 
colour'd Map is given a Pamphlet of four Large Sheets 
and a Half, containing an Analysis of the Map; a 
Discription of the Face of the Country, the Boundaries 
of the Confederate Indians, whereon the British Rights 
are founded, and the Maritime and Inland Navigation 
of the several Rivers and Lakes contained therein. To 
be Sold, in Philadelphia, by the Author '^ in Arch-Street ; 
at CarHsle, Trenton, Brunswick, New- York, New-Haven, 
New-London, Providence, and Boston Post-Ofi5ces: In 
BurHngton, by Mr. Pere, and also in New- York, by Mr. 
Garrat Noel, Bookseller, in Dock-Street, near Coenties 
Market. 

N.B. At the same Places are also sold, a few Copies 
of the Pamphlets separately; Price one Quarter of a 
Piece of Eight each. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, November 23, 1755. 

Plan of Philadelphia. — Just pubhshed, and to be 
sold by Garret Noel, Bookseller, in Dock Street, A large, 
and very curious Plan of the City of Philadelphia, taken 
by George Heap, from the Jersey-Shore, under the direc- 
tion of Nicholas Scull, surveyor general of the Province 
of Pennsylvania. This fine perspective contains four 
sheets, of imperial paper, price Three Dollars, in sheets. 
—The New-York Mercury, March 17, 1755. 

Plan of the Battle Near Lakb-George. — To be sold 
at the Bible and Crown, in Queen-street, Price, Four 
Shillings, A prospective Plan of the Battle near Lake- 

"^ Evans's map of the middle British Colonies is discussed in a letter 
from a gentleman in New York to his friend in Philadelphia. — The New- 
York Mercury, January 5, 1756. 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 23 

George, on the 8th Day of September, 1755. With an 
Explanation thereof, containing a full, tho' short, History 
of that Affair, By Samuel Blodget, occasionally at the 
Camp when the Battle was fought. — The New-York 
Mercury, March 8, 1756. 

Map of Pennsylvania. — Just Published, And to be 
sold at the Printing-Ofl&ce, at the Bible and Crown, in 
Hanover Square, Price 12 ShilUngs; A Map of the im- 
proved Part of the Province of Pennsylvania, wherein 
are laid down all the principal Rivers, Creeks, Mountains, 
Highways, Churches, Meeting-houses, Merchant-Mills, 
Gentlemen's Seats, Houses of Entertainment, Situation 
of Iron Works, such as Furnaces, Forges, &c. all taken 
by actual Surveys, made by the Author, The Names of 
the Townships are also inserted nearly in the Places 
where they he. There is also a Pamphlet given gratis 
with each Map, containing the Distances from Phila- 
delphia, of all Places of Note within the Province, which 
makes this Work of real Use, not only to the People of 
Pennsylvania, but to the neighbouring Governments. — 
The New-York Mercury, July 9, 1759. 

Map of Nova-Scotia. — Just published, and Sold at the 
Printing-OflSce in Beaver-Street. The second Edition 
(with very large Additions, Corrections and Improve- 
ments) of a Map of Nova-Scotia and Parts adjacent; 
wherein is accurately described. Part of New-England 
(from Boston Northeastward) Nova-Scotia, its true 
Extent, Boundaries, and Fishing Banks; the Islands of 
Cape-Breton, St. John's Anticosti, and New-f oundland ; 
the great River of Canada, or St. Lawrence, with Orleans, 
Coudre, and other Islands that lie in it. Shewing also, 
all the various Communications, by Means of the River 
Ristigochi, St. John's, Penobscot, Kenebeck, Chaudiere, 
&c. between Quebec, and other Places situate on St. 
Lawrence River, on the North, across the Lands with the 
Gulph of St. Lawrence on the East, the Bay of Fundy 
and the Atlantic Ocean on the South. The English Fort 



24 THE ARTS AND CRAPTS IN NEW YORK 

and Settlements, and the Seats of the (pretended Neu- 
tral) French Inhabitants in Nova-Scotia; with every 
thing else worthy of Notice, or that may serve to give 
a true Idea of the Situation, and connection of the sev- 
eral parts of that Country, and of the Advances and 
Operations of his Majesty's Troops that have been, or 
now are employed in those Parts. Also in a vacant Part 
of the Plate are inserted the following (more particular) 
Draughts of the principal Places, that are situate within 
the Bounds of this Map, viz. 1st the Situation of Halifax, 
Draught of Chebucto Harbour, &c. 2d. A Plan of the 
Town of Halifax. 3d. A Plan of Quebec. 4th a Plan of 
the Port and Fortress of Louisbourgh, with the EngUsh 
Works raised against it in 1745. 5th a neat View of the 
Town of Boston. 

Price Half a Dollar plain, or a whole Dollar colour'd. 
Note, The Western Part of this Map contains the same 
Places that are contained in the Eastern Part of A gen- 
eral Map of the Middle British Colonies, published by 
the late ingenious and accurate Mr. Lewis Evans, and 
as this Map begins with the Eastern Limits of that, and 
proceeds Eastward from it, as far as to include the 
Streights of Belle Isle, it may serve a Supplement 
thereto; and those two Maps together afford an entire 
View of all the Places on this Continent, that have been, 
or now are the Objects, or Scenes of any millitary Opera- 
tions. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
January 14, 1760. 

A Map of New York. — A New Map of the Province 
of New- York and New Jersey, with Part of Pennsylvania, 
and the Government of Trois Rivieres and Montreal, 
drawn by Capt. Holland, engraved by Thomas Jefferies, 
Geographer to his Majesty; four and a half Feet high, 
Breadth 21 Inches: Also the Map of the Globe, and the 
four Quarters, in four Sheets, two sheets, and one Sheet — 
in Sheets or on Canvis and Rollers. Maps and Charts of 
different Sorts and Sizes. Variety of large and small 
Metzitinto and engraved Prints, Jappaners do. drawing 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 25 

and Copy Books, oil and Water Colours in Shells, Lim- 
ners and Black Lead Pencils, red and black Chalk, and 
Variety of Limners and Jappaners Articles, with Varnish 
of all kinds, too tedious to mention; Sold by G. Duy- 
ckinck, at the Universal Store, at the Corner of the Old 
Slip-Market. — The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, May 5, 1768. 

Map of North America. — Death Notice of Dr. 
Mitchell, maker of the map of North-America. — A news 
item from London, February 25, in The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, April 25, 1768. 

Proposed Draughts. — Jonathan Carver, formerly a 
Captain in the Provincial Troops of the Massachusetts 
Bay, during the War in North-America, and lately em- 
ploy'd as a Surveyor and Draughtsman, in exploring the 
interior and upper Parts of the Continent, adjoining to, 
and beyond the Lake Superior, and a Thousand Miles 
upwards, and Westward of the great River Missisippi; 
offers the following Proposals to the Public, viz. To pub- 
lish, as soon as a proper Number of Subscribers encourage 
him in the Design, the exact and minute Journal of His 
Proceedings, and Remarks on the Nations and Countries 
he passed through, together with Draughts and Plans 
annexed, of these Countries, and of his recent Discoveries. 
Each Subscriber to pay the Sum of two Spanish Dollars, 
for every Copy of the proposed Work, and as soon as a 
sufficient Number have subscribed, (in order to indem- 
nify the Expence of the Press, and Engraving) the 
Publication will immediately ensue. Subscriptions are 
taken in by Jonathan Carver, at Mr. Burns's, in the 
Broad-Way, and by the Printer hereof. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, August 15, 1768. 

Plan of New York City. — Just published, and to be 
sold by H. Gaine, (Price 16s. coloured, and 8s. plain) 
A Plan of the City of New- York, Dedicated to his 
Excellency Sir Henry Moore, Bart. 



26 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

The above Plan is done on a Sheet of Imperial Paper, 
and Streets laid down very exact, with the Names of each, 
the Wards, Wharfs and all the pubUck Buildings in and 
about the City properly distinguished, and the whole 
carried considerably farther than Corlear's Hook. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, August 21, 
1769. 



Map of Virginia. — A Most accurate and excellent map 
of the colony of Virginia, taken from actual surveys, 
finely engraved and beautifully printed on 4 sheets of 
royal paper, price 30s. Virginia currency, each, (equal to 
5 dollars) may be had on appHcation to the printer, 
where one of the maps may be seen. — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, September 13, 1770. 

A Plan of New York City. — To be sold by the Printer 
hereof, A Plan of the City of New York, and its Invirons, 
surveyed and laid down in the years 1766, and 1767, with 
a South Prospect of the same, taken from the Governor's 
Island. In this Plan is taken in Powlis-Hook, Red-Hook, 
the Long Island Shore, and the Islands in our Bay &c. 
&c. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
October 15, 1770. 

Maps of the New Ceded Countries. — Three very 
elegant geographical maps of the new ceded countries, 
being by far the most extensive and accurate work of 
this nature that has yet been attempted in America, are 
offer'd for publication by subscription. Proposals to be 
seen, and subscriptions taken in, by the printer hereof. 

The author offers himself for the establishing of any 
important Hnes in any part of America, either in the 
common or astronomical way, or for the survey of any 
estate, country, or province, that might want accuracy 
and neatness. He flatters himself that this work in any 
of the above branches wiU sufficiently recommend itself. 
He may be heard of at the printer's, or at the widow 



PAINTING AND ENGRAVING 27 

Blau's, near the exchange. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, July 5, 1773. 

Bernard Romans. — Mr. Bernard Romans begs leave 
to inform the public, that his maps are now ready for 
publication, and the copper-plates being all done, and 
the paper which he was obhged to get manufactured on 
purpose, is likewise finished, but not yet received from 
Philadelphia, or else at least a great part would have 
been delivered before now: The subscribers may rest 
assured of receiving the copies within the time prescribed, 
which is the first day of January next. 

As his edition is small, it is requested that such Gen- 
tlemen who incHne to have copies may subscribe, as after 
publication none will be to be had for less than 16 
DoUars. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, November 
10, 1774. 

Roman's Map of Boston, Is just printed, published, 
and to sold by Richard Sause, at his Store near the Fly- 
Market, Little Dock Street, Where Subscriptions are 
taken in for any number, This Map of Boston, &c. is 
one of the most correct that has ever been pubhshed. 
The draught was taken by the most skilful Draughtsman 
in all America, and who was on the spot at the engage- 
ments of Lexington and Bunker's-Hill. Every Well- 
wisher to this country cannot but delight in seeing a 
plan of the ground on which our brave American Army 
conquered the British ministerial forces. Price plain 5s. 
coloured 6s. and 6d. Pennsylvania currency. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, September 11, 
1775. 

Copper Plate Printing 

Christmas Pieces. — Blank Copper-Plate Christmas 
Pieces for School-Boys, whole-sale or retail, to be Sold 
by the Printer hereof. — The New-York Gazette Revived 
in the Weekly Post-Boy, November 20, 1752. 



28 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

John Davis, Copper Plate Printer, lately from Lon- 
don; Neatly prints off Silver, Copper, Brass, or Pewter 
Plates; on Paper, Parchment, Vellum, Silk or Linen, in 
the neatest Manner, at Mr. William Post's Painter, at 
Burhng's Slip, New- York. — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, June 23, 1763 (Supplement). 

John Hutt. — . . . Copper Plate Printing. Said Hutt 
having lately for the better accomodation of his cus- 
tomers, and the public in general, erected a press for 
that purpose, by which means he will be enabled to 
execute every piece of engraving he is favoured with, in 
a neater more expeditious, and reasonable manner than 
heretofore could be done, the printing branch being at- 
tended with great difficulty, and an expence rather 
extravagant. — The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, September 15, 1774. 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 

Silversmiths 

John Archie. — Henry Clopper, Sadler, Is removed 
from the Corner of the Meal-Market, to the House 
where Mr. John Archie, Silver-Smith, formerly lived, in 
Dock-Street, opposite to Mr. Garrit Van Home's, where 
he sells Sadies, Bridles, Whips, and all Sorts of Sadlery 
Ware, cheap, wholesale or retail. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, June 4, 1759 (Supplement). 

A. B. — This is to give Notice, That there is a Silver 
Spoon stopt on suspicion of being stolen; Silversmith's 
Stamp (A.B.) (A. B.). Whoever owns the said Spoon 
may apply to Samuel Sands, living in Ulster County, 
near New- Windsor, before whom they most prove their 
property and pay the Costs. — The New-York Gazette, 
July 23, 1764. 

E. B. — Stolen last Wednesday a Silver Tankard, con- 
taining a Quart, the Tankard hath a new Lid lately put 
on, the Handle thereof is mark'd with Letters following, 
(to Wit) E V B 
E V B 
MB 
The Stamp of the Silver-smith or Maker is with the 
letters E. B. Upon the Front of the Tankard is engraved 
a Coat of Arms. Whosoever shall bring the said Silver 
Tankard to the Printer hereof, (if found in the Country) 
shall have Forty Shillings, and if in this City, Thirty 
Shillings as a Reward for their Pains, and no Questions 
asked, how they came thereby. — The New-York Gazette, 
February 8-15, 1732. 

29 



30 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

I. B. — Stolen out of the House of the Subscriber, in 
Horse Neck, on the Morning of the 15th of this Instant 
April, a large Silver Tankard, that will contain three 
Pints, markt with the Letters C. I. B. and stampt I. B. 
or P. G. Whoever will bring said Tankard to me in 
Horse Neck, or to Alexander Montgomery, Tavern 
Keeper, near the Ship Yards in New- York, or will appre- 
hend the Thief or Thieves, so that he or they may be 
Convicted, shall have a Reward of Five Dollars, and all 
reasonable Charges paid by Matthew Mead. — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, April 20, 1769. 

T. B. — Tuesday last, was stole out of a House in 

T 
Maiden-Lane; two Silver Table Spoons, marked I S. 
the Maker's Mark TB in one. If offer'd to be pawn'd 
or sold please to stop them, and give Notice to the 
Printing- OflBce in Beaver-street. A reasonable Reward, 
with Thanks will be given. — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, January 15, 1759. 

Adriaen Banoker.^ To Be Sold, By Flores Bancker, 
(At the House of Adriaen Bancker, Gold and Silver- 
Smith, in Bridge-Street, near the Exchange;) wholesale 
and retale; Sundry dry goods. . . . — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, October 23, 1766. 

Thauvet Besly, Gold-Smith, on Golden-hill in New- 
York, has at his House Peter Lorin, a Jeweller, from 
London who setts after the neatest & Newest Fashions, 
all sorts of Jewels, Rings, Ear-Rings, Solitairs, Lockets, 
Aigrettes, Stay-Hooks, Seals, as also Diamonds, Rubies, 
Emeralds, Saphires, or any other kind of stone to the 
best advantage, at very reasonable Rates. — The New- 
York Weekly Post Boy, November 10, 1746. 

Thauvet Besly. — All Persons that have any Demands 
on the Estate of Mary Carter, late of this City deceased, 
1 Also spelled Adrian Bancker. 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 31 

are desired to bring their Account to Thauvet Besly, 
Gold smith on Golden-Hill, in order to their being satis- 
fied ; and all those indebted to the said Estate are desired 
to discharge it forthwith, that the legacies may be paid ; 
and prevent more trouble from Thauvet Besly, Executor. 
— The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post- 
Boy, January 30, 1749. 

Jacob Boelen. — Stole at Flatbush on Long-Island, 
One Silver Tankerd, a piece of Money in the Led of 
King Charles II, and the Led all engraved, a Coat of 
Arms, before (in it Man on a Waggon with two Horses) 
mark'd on the Handle, L P A. One Silver Tankerd plain, 
with a Piece of Money in the Led, mark'd on the Handle 
A P or A L. One Cup with two twisted Ears chas'd 
with Skutchens, marked L P A. One Tumbler marked 
L P A. One Dutch Beker weighs about 28 Ounces, 
Engraved all around, marked L P A. All the above were 
made by Mr. Jacob Boele, [sic] Stamp'd IB. One large 
Cup with two cast Ears, with Heads upon them and a 
Coat of Arms, Engraved thereon, One Cup with two 
Ears, a small hole in the Bottom, One Pair of leather 
Women Gloves. One black Girdle lined with blue 
Callico. And two Pair Shoe Clasps new cleaned. Who- 
ever can inform Peter Lefferts of Flatbush or Long- 
Island, or Abraham Lefferts in New- York, so that it may 
be had again, shall have Fifteen Pounds Reward and no 
Question asked. — The New-York Gazette, October 1-8, 
1733. 

Ephraim Brasher. — Stolen. On the nineteenth in- 
stant, out of Mr. John Tuttle's, near Powles Hook Ferry, 
New- York. A Silver mounted Hanger, with a Dog's 
Head, and green ivory grip, the grip rather small, the 
swell of which designed for the underside, is above; the 
Scabbard a httle damaged, and cut through in one place. 
On one side of the Plate of the Scabbard, is engraved 
E — ^m. Brashier, New- York, Maker; and on the other side 
Issac Morrison. Whoever secures said Sword, and Thief, 



32 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

SO that the Owner may get the one, and the other be 
brought to justice, shall have for the Sword, three Dol- 
lars, and for the Sword and Thief, Seven Pounds Ten 
Shillings. New- York Currency, paid by John Tuttle. — 
The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, Febru- 
ary 22, 1776. 

John Brevoort. — Stolen on Sunday Night the 21st of 
September last, out of the House of Nicholas Burger, 
living in Queen-street, in this City, One Silver Tea Pot, 
and one Cream Pot, and six Silver Table Spoons, a 
Silver Sugar Tongs, and six Tea Spoons, Made by Mr. 
John Brevoort, stampt with his Stamp thus, I B V, in a 
Circle, and mark'd on the Bottom of the Tea Pot and 

B 
Cream Pot thus, N I and on the Handles of the Table 

V 
Spoons the same; and on the Tea Spoons I D. Who- 
ever will give any Information about the said Things, 
so that they may be had again, or the Thief apprehended, 
shall have Five Pounds Reward, paid by Nicholas Burger. 

N.B. If offer'd to be pawn'd, or sold, pray stop the 
same, and the Person who offers it. — The New-York 
Gazette, October 6, 1760. 

Charles Oliver Bruff, Goldsmith and jeweller, at the 
sign of the Tea-pot and tankard, in Maiden-Lane, near 
the Fly-market, Having employed a jeweller from Lon- 
don, who understands making or mending any kind of 
diamond or enameFd work in the jewellery way. Also 
makes and mends all manner of stone buckles, stone 
rings, ear-rings, broaches seals, solitairs, hair jewels, 
lockets, enameFd. Makes all manner of sleeve buttons, 
mourning rings of all sorts, trinkets for Ladies, plats hair 
in a curious manner in true lovers knots, for buttons, 
rings or lockets, plain or enameFd ; gold necklaces or stone 
of all sorts. Said Bruff makes all sorts of silver smiths 
work, mends old work in that way, and has put himself 
to a great expence in sending to London for diamonds 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 33 

and all manner of precious stones, and he hopes for the 
encouragement of the gentlemen and ladies of this City, 
as he will study to use them well. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, January 3, 1763. 

Chakles Oliver Bruff, Goldsmith and Jeweller, at 
the Sign of the tea pot, and tankard, opposite the Fly- 
Market, next door to Mr. Laffar's, Is provided with 
jeweller's, one from London and another from France, 
. . . — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
June 9, 1763. 

Charles Oliver Bruff. — . . . Whereas the said Bruff, 
has had his work undervalued by three different Silver- 
smiths of this city, by one I lost three pounds for work- 
manship, out of eleven pounds five shilHngs, workman- 
ship; and by another I lost six shillings, on making a 
set of table-spoons; and the third tried to undervalue a 
piece of work of two pounds eight shilhngs, to one pound 
fifteen shillings, whereby I have hurted myself by keep- 
ing up the prices, which I know no reason I should hurt 
myself for others. He hopes for the encouragement of 
the Gentlemen and Ladies of this city and country, as he 
will study to use them well. Since those Gentlemen of 
the trade has brought the prices so low, I therefore give 
notice, that I will work for the following prices, viz. 

For making silver tankard 3 s. per ounce. For making 
a silver tea-pot, £ 4. For making a Sugar-pot, 35 s. 
For making a milk-pot, 24 s. For making a Soop-spoon 
20 s. For making six table-spoons 21 s. For making 
six tea-spoons 10 s. For making tea- tongs, bows or 
others, 10 s. For making a pair of carved silver buckles, 
8 s. I design to put the stamp of my name, in full, on 
all my works ; and will work as cheap as any in the city. 
—The New-York Mercury, April 20, 1767. 

Charles Oliver Bruff, Goldsmith and Jeweller, at 
the sign of the Teapot, Tankard, and Ear-ring, has 
removed to the upper end of Maiden-Lane, near the 



34 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Broadway, and near the Oswego Market, Where he makes 
or mends any kind of diamond or enamel'd work in the 
jewellery way; also all manner of stone buckles, stone 
rings, ear-rings, broaches, seals, solataires, hair jewels, 
lockets, plain and enamel'd sleeve buttons, mourning 
rings of all sorts, trinkets for Ladies, gold neck-laces or 
stone of all sorts. Likewise makes all sorts of silver- 
smiths work, and mends old work in that way; Ladies 
fans mended in the neatest manner and at the lowest 
price ; watch glasses put in for one shilling a piece. To 
all gentlemen merchants that travel the country, or 
pedlars, that please to favour me with their custom, may 
depend on being used well, and will make any kind of 
work cheaper than they can get it in the city elsewhere ; 
I have finished some of the neatest dies for making sleeve 
buttons, with the neatest gold custs on them to stamp 
all sorts of gold buttons, silver, pinchbeck, or brass, and 
will sell them cheaper than any in the city. Said Bruff 
has for sale, all sorts of earthen ware, and a few articles 
in the dry good way, also all sorts of buckles. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 25, 1772. 

Charles Oliver Bruff — ... He gives the highest 
price for old gold, silver, and jewels, rough crystals, paste, 
and all sorts of old stones, as he is fitting up a lapidary's 
mill, and is just ready to cut any kind of stones, &c. He 
has for sale, diamonds, rubies, emeralds, emathist, onyx 
and saphires, garnets of different sizes ; also a neat onyx 
top, bottom and sides of a snuff box, and one of mother 
of pearl, fit to be set in gold ; likewise stones and paste of 
all sizes, colours and sorts. Country jewellers can be 
supplied cheaper than at any other place in the city ; and 
he makes it a point with those that bring him jobs from 
the country, to dispatch them with expedition. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 
24, 1774. 

Charles Oliver Bruff. — . . . N.B. I Have Engaged 
a Stone Seal Engraver, who engraves arms, crests, 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 35 

cyphers, figures, heads and fancies, in the neatest manner 
and with the greatest expedition, with the heads of 
Shakespear, Milton, Newton, Pope, Homer, Socrates, 
Hannible, Mark Anthony, Caesar, Plato, Jupiter, Apollo, 
Neptune, Mars, Cleopatria, Diana, Flora, Venus, Marcel- 
lany, with the figures of most of the above, and others 
too tedious to mention. He makes it a point with those 
who bring him jobs from the country, to dispatch them 
with expedition. All country jewellers may have stone 
seals engraved in the neatest manner. Just bought some 
Egyptian pebbles, very curious for snuff boxes and seals. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 
18, 1774. 

Charles Oliver Bruff. — Those Gentlemen who are 
forming themselves into Companies, in Defence of their 
Liberties, and others, that are not provided with Swords, 
May be suited therewith by applying to Charles OHver 
Bruff, in Maiden-Lane, near the Fly-Market. Small 
Swords Silver mounted, Cut-and-thrust and Cutteau De 
Chase, mounted with beautiful green Grips; and. Broad 
Swords with the Heads of Lord Chatham, and John 
Wilkes, Esq; with Shells pierced and ornamented with 
Mottoes, — for Pitt's Head, Magna Charta and Freedom, 
— for Wilkes's Head, Wilkes and Liberty; or mounted in 
whatever Form Gentlemen may fancy, being a Collection 
of the most elegant Swords ever made in America, all 
manufactured by said Bruff. N.B, Best Small Arm and 
Pistol Oyl Flints. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, June 19, 1775. 

Charles Oliver Bruff. — . . . Scabbards made for 
Swords, at the shortest Notice, at different Prices, Gun 
Screw Drivers and double Worms fit to draw a Ball, at 
2s. All the Gentlemen of the American Army who are 
not supplied, may have them at the above shop. 

N. B. Best Sword Belts, with or without Swivels. 
Wants to hire Silversmiths, a Cutler, Chape Forger, 
Filers, and Whitesmiths; if any in the Army good Wages 



36 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

will be given. Ready Money given for old Gold and 
Silver, Ivory and Sword Blades. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, July 8, 1776. 

I. C. — Stolen, on the 21st of March last, at Night, out 
of the House of Jacob J. Lansing, of Albany, a Silver 
Tankard, weight 34 oz. and some Pennyweight, marked 

H 
I L the Maker's Mark LC. Whoever secures the Tank- 
ard, that the Owner may get the same again, shall have 
Forty Shillings Reward, and all reasonable Charges paid 
by Jacob Jacob Lansing. — The New-York Mercury, April 
24, 1758. 

Carrol. — ^We hear from Shrewsbury, that about a 

Fortnight ago, one Carroll, of that Place, a Silver-Smith, 
was committed to Goal and still remains there, for de- 
bauching his own Daughter, a Girl not fifteen Years of 
Age, who has sworn that she is with Child by him, and 
that this detestable Commerce has subsisted for about 
two Years. — News item in The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, September 4, 1769. 

Simeon and William Coley. — Notice is hereby given, 
that the partnerships between Simeon and William 
Coley, silver-smiths in New York, is now dissolv'd and 
ended, and all persons indebted to the said partnership, 
are hereby requested to make immediate payment to the 
same; and all persons having any demands are desired 
to bring in their accounts, that they may be satisfied, to 
Simeon Coley, at this house near the coffee-house, where 
he carries on the said business as usual, and takes this 
opportunity of returning his hearty Thanks to those gen- 
tlemen and ladies, who have been pleased to honour him 
with their commands, and hopes for a continuance of 
their favours, as he shall always make it his principal 
study to merit the same. He has now for sale, just 
imported a fresh and curious assortment of Jewellery, 
viz. garnet necklaces and ear rings, paste ditto, curious 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 37 

sets of paste buckles, corals and coral necklaces, for 
children, and various other articles. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, September 11, 1766. 

Simeon Coley, Gold-Smith, and Jeweller, from Lon- 
don, Has made several very neat Fancy-Rings, to be worn 
on the above happy occasion, ^ which may be had at his 
Shop near the Merchants Coffee-House. Said Coley, 
makes all Sorts of large and small Plate, Mourning Rings, 
&c. &c.—The New-York Gazette, March 16-23, 1767. 

Simeon Coley. — Just imported in the ships Edward 
and Hope, from London, and to be sold cheap by Simeon 
Coley, Silver-smith, near the Merchant's Coffee house; 

A Large assortment of jewellery, diamond, garnet, and 
other rings; the neatest paste & stone buckels, garnet and 
paste necklaces, ear rings, egrets and solatiers, ditto neat 
etwe cases, silver-handle knives and forks in cases, ivory 
ditto, neat small swords, and cutteau de chase, and sword 
belts, great variety of pocket books for gentlemen and 
ladies, silver and other watches, ditto chains, neat clocks 
in mahogany cases, best gilt and other buckels, masons 
broaches and jewels, gold buttons and seals, silver ditto, 
neat tortise-shell snuff-boxes and smelling bottles, plated 
bits, and stirrups, best violins, german and common flutes, 
fifes, aeolus harps, hand organs, and a variety of other 
articles. — The New-York Mercury, October 5, 1767. 

Simeon Cooley.^ — The Conduct of Simeon Cooley, in 
his daring Infractions of the Non-importation Agree- 
ment; his insolent and futile Defence of those inglorious 
Measures; with his avowed Resolution obstinately to 
persevere in counteracting the legal Efforts of a brave 
and free People in support of their inestimable Rights 
"alarmed and insenced" the Inhabitants of this City, who 
dreading the destructive Consequence that might have 

2 The "happy occasion" was the celebration of the repeal of the 
Stamp Act, held in the house of Edward Bardin. 

3 Different spelling of Simeon Coley. 



38 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

ensued from so dangerous an Example, determined, at a 
General Meeting held on Friday Evening last, to call the 
said Cooley to Account ; and prevail on him, If Possible, 
to desist from his vile Practices, and endeavour to bring 
him to such Concessions as should to them appear best 
calculated to attone for his repeated and unprecedented 
offences. Two Gentlemen were appointed to inform him 
of the Sentiments of the Inhabitants, who required his 
immediate Attendance at their Place of Meeting, and to 
assure him that no injury should be offered to his Person; 
(to prevent which, every imaginable Precaution was 
taken) but Cooley, (influenced perhaps by some ill- 
disposed and Stupid Adviser) refused to attend the Place 
appointed, and alledged in Excuse for his Non-attend- 
ance, "that he did not think it consistent with his per- 
sonal Safety to meet them There", at the same Time 
he expressed a Wilhngness to make the Concessions 
required, from his Parlour Window. When the In- 
habitants received this disagreeable Intelligence, they 
immediately proceeded towards his House; but Cooley, 
apprized of their coming, thought proper to decamp, 
accompanied by a Military Gentleman, (who covered his 
Retreat) sought for a Sanctuary within the Fort Walls, 
which could afford him but an indifferent Protection 
against the keen Reproaches of a guilty Conscience, the 
only Punishment he had to dread. Whilst the Inhabi- 
tants were assembled in the Fields, M — r P — r ordered 
a File of Soldiers to guard his ( Cooley 's) House, who 
were accordingly drawn up before his Door, with their 
Musquets loaded, &c. Whether the Author of this un- 
warrantable Step, designed a compliment to the Magis- 
tracy and Inhabitants of this City, or to recommend 
himself to his Superiors by his ofl&cious and blundering 
Zeal, is unknown: but 'tis more than probable, that his 
precipitate Conduct was disapproved of by the latter, . . . 
On Saturday Morning, Cooley consented to meet the 
Inhabitants; and Four in the Afternoon being the Time 
appointed, and the Merchants's Coffee-House the Place, 
they assembled in Expectation of this Important Event ; 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 39 

but the Majority thinking it a very unsuitable Place for 
the Purpose, required his appearance in the Fields, where 
he attended, and publickly acknowledged his Crimes; 
implored the Pardon of his Fellow Citizens; engaged to 
store an equivalent to the Goods he had sold, together 
with all that he had in Possession that were imported 
contrary to Agreement; and so to conduct for the future 
as not to render himself obnoxious to the Contempt and 
just Resentment of an injured People. — News item in 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 
24, 1769.* 

Simeon Coley, Silversmith and Jeweller Begs leave to 
inform the PubUc, that he intends to leave this City this 
Month, with his Family; humbly in treats all that stand 
indebted to him to settle their accounts directly ; all those 
that have any Demands upon him are desired to call, and 
they shall be paid. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, September 4, 1769. 

P. D. — Stolen on Friday Night, the 14th Instant, from 
me the subscriber in Sussex County, One Gold Chain of 
four Strings with a Locket marked E. G. Four Silver 
Spoons marked M. G. the Silversmith's mark P D. One 
ditto with the name Hannah Burges on the Handle ; One 

B 
ditto marked I L. One ditto the Handle broke off 

K 
marked S C. One Child's Spoon marked M. G. One 
round Silver Salver with a round Foot; One Set of 
Woman's Breast Jewels for a Stomacher set in Silver 
wash'd with Gold, consisting of six different Pieces, the 
Uppermost and Largest with a large Chrystal Stone in 
the Middle, set round with small Stones of different 
Colours, the lowermost or Girdle Hook being set round 
with Emeralds and Pearl; a Silver Scissars Chain marked 

* Other papers which printed similar accounts of Simeon Coley were : 
The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, July 20-27, 1769 and 
The New-York Chronicle, July 12-20, 1769 (in which Simeon Coley is 
mentioned as a haberdasher, jeweller, and silversmith). 



40 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

on a Heart M G. a Silver Watch Chain and Pincushion 
Chain . . . Shepard KoUock. — The New-York Journal, 
August 31, 1741. 

John Dawson, Gold-Smith and Jeweler, Has open'd 
shop on Rotten-Row, where he carries on the said Busi- 
ness in their several branches, after the best Manner. 
Gentlemen and Ladies may have any piece of diamond 
work made in the genteelest taste, or repair'd in the best 
manner, at reasonable rates: He makes all sorts of 
curious enamel'd, mourning, fancy, or plain lockets; 
mourning or fancy enamel'd rings, cluster or fancy stone 
rings of all kinds ; All other articles in the Jeweler's way 
likewise He also plaits hair in the neatest manner to any 
size or shape, for rings or lockets, and forms it (after 
the new taste) to resemble Mocco. Also he makes and 
sells all sorts of silver work. As he is a stranger, and a 
young Beginner, can hope for encouragement only from 
the goodness of his work, and the reasonableness of his 
prices, which he hopes will entitle him to the favour and 
encouragement of the public. Said Dawson takes this 
opportunity to return his grateful thanks to those Gen- 
tlemen and Ladies who have been pleased to employ him 
since his arrival here ; and from his desire to please, hopes 
for a continuance of their custom. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, May 4, 1767. 

Cary Dunn. — Stopt last Week, a Gold Watch Case 
and one large Silver Spoon; Any Person proving their 
Property, paying Charges for the same, may have them 
by applying to the subscriber, Silver-Smith, living be- 
tween the New Dutch Church and Fly-Market, Cary 
Dunn. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
March 19, 1770. 

Cary Dunn. — ^Whereas one hundred and twenty four 
persons have lately arrived in this city, from the North 
of Scotland, in the brigantine Nancy, Capt. Smith, 
master consisting of men, women and children, with and 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 41 

without trades; they take this method to inform their 
benefactors, and all others, ladies and gentlemen, that 
want to employ any of the said persons, that they may 
be informed where to find them by applying to Mr. Gary 
Dunn, Gold and Silver Smith, near the New-Dutch 
Church, who has in his custody, a true list of their names, 
ages, and places of residence. — Rivington's New-York 
Gazetteer, January 27, 1774. 

Daniel Ditpuy. — To be Sold, A Very good Plantation 
in the County of Orange . . . Enquire of Mrs. Ann 
Dupuy in New- York, or Mr. Daniel Dupuy, Gold-Smith 
in Philadelphia. — The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, 
March 31, 1746. 

Fielding. — Robert M'Alpine, Book-Binder, who 

lately lived in Hanover-Square is removed into the house 
where Mr. Fielding Gold-Smith, formerly lived, at the 
corner of Broad and Princes Streets, . . . — The New- 
York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, November 17, 
1755. 

Daniel Fueter, Gold and Silver-Smith, Lately arrived 
in the Snow Irene, Capt. Garrison from London, living 
back of Mr. Hendrick Van De Waters, Gun-Smith, near 
the Brew-House of the late Harmanus Rutgers, deceased, 
makes all sorts of Gold and Silver work, after the newest 
and neatest Fashion; He also gilds Silver and Metal, 
and refines Gold and Silver after the best Manner, and 
makes Essays on all sorts of Metal and Oar; all at a rea- 
sonable Rate. N.B. he buys old Gold and Silver Lace, 
and Gold-Smith's Sweeps. — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, May 27, 1754. 

Daniel Fueter, Silver Smith and Jeweller, next Door 
to Mr. Peter Curtenius, facing the Oswego Market, Has 
lately imported: A Beautiful Assortment of Jewellery, 
which for Elegance and Taste is greatly superior to any 
Thing hitherto brought to this Place; Consisting of a 



42 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

great Variety of Rings, set knot Fashion, Entourage, 
Cluster, &e. Viz. Brilliant Diamonds and Rose Diamonds 
of all Sizes, Rubies, Topazes, Emeralds, Saphirs, and all 
Kinds of Precious Stones, warranted. Ear-rings of all 
Sizes, Fashions and Prices ; Paste Shoe and knee Buckles, 
fine Twezer Cases, and Snuff Boxes of curious Workman- 
ship. Also a genteel Parcel of Silver Work, tea Pots, 
Milk Pots, Sauce Boats, Shoe and knee Buckles, and 
other Articles too numerous to mention, all extremely 
Cheap. 

N.B. The said Daniel Fueter, importer of the above 
Goods, who was bred a Jeweller and Goldsmith, will give 
full Satisfaction to those Gentlemen and Ladies who will 
honour him with their Custom: and will undertake to 
execute on the shortest Notice, and as Cheap as may be 
done in London, any Orders he receives in the several 
Branches of Jewellery, and Gold or Silver Smith's Work ; 
being furnished with the best of Workmen, and all 
Requisites for the purpose. 

Also he will make exact Assays of all Sorts of Ores and 
Metals; and will perform Refining and Gilding in the 
neatest Manner. He gives ready money for old Gold and 
Silver. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
March 10, 1763. 



Daniel Fueter, imports Blackwood's true cordial 
elixir, at 5s. per bottle, for all cold, coughs, sore throats, 
. . . — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
September 6, 1764. 

Daniel Fueter, Silversmith, from London, Begs Leave 
to acquaint the Pubhc, that he is removed into the House 
of Mrs. Pinto, between Mr Sherbroke's, and Mr. 
M'Cartney's, in Bayard Street, where he continues to 
follow the Silversmith's Business, and Jewellery in all 
its Branches; also Gilding, assaying of Ores, and refining 
in the exactest Manner; and all at the most reasonable 
Prices. He also informs the Public that Mr. John 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 43 

Anthony Beau/ Chaiser, from Geneva, works with him; 
where Chaising in general, viz. Snuff Boxes, Watch Cases, 
&c. &c. is done in the best and cheapest Manner . . . 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 
31, 1769. 

Daniel & Lewis Fueter. — This serves to inform the 
Pubhc, and our former kind Customers, that we the Sub- 
scribers, are return'd to this City, in the House we 
remov'd out, in Dock-Street, next to Mr. G. Dyckinck's, 
and purpose to carry on the Business of Gold, Silver- 
smith's and Jewelery Work, in all its Branches, as also 
gilding, assaying oar, refining, &c. at the most reasonable 
rates; and we return Thanks to our former Customers, 
and assure them and the Public that will be pleased to 
employ us, that they shall be serv'd with punctuality, 
and Honour, by their Very oblig'd and humble Servants, 
Daniel and Lewis Feuter. — The New York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, January 30, 1769. 

Lewis Fueter, son of Mr. Daniel Fueter, late of 
Bayard-Street; Begs leave to inform the publick, that he 
is removed to the small house next door to Mr. Isaac 
Heron's Watch-maker, at the Coffee-House Bridge, where 
he makes and mends all kinds of work in the jewellers 
and goldsmith's business, as neat and cheap as can be 
done (he flatters himself) by any man in this City. He 
likewise tries ores of any kind, assaying, refining and 
guilding in all its branches, perform'd with the utmost 
accuracy and dispatch. He thinks himself obhged, in 
the name of his father, as well as for himself, to return 
thanks to the respectable publick for the many favours 
done, and to assure those who shall honour him with 
their commands, that he will make it his utmost en- 
deavour to deserve their countenance and encouragement. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 
21, 1770. 

5 J. A. Beau was also employed by Lewis Fueter, according to The 
yew-York Journal or General Advertiser, December 20, 1770. 



44 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Lewis Fueter, Gold and Silver-Smith, Has removed 
his shop from the Coffee-House Bridge, to the house in 
Queen-street, lately occupied by Mr. Judah, Silver Smith, 
and opposite Robert G. Livingston, Esq ; where he carries 
on his business as usual in all its branches, and hopes 
for the continuance of those gentlemen and ladies who 
have been so obliging as to favour with their custom : he 
will make it his constant study to merit their approba- 
tion. N.B. He gives the highest price for old gold and 
silver. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, May 12, 1774. 

Gilbert. — Tuesday Night last some Villains broke 

into the Shop of Mr. Gilbert, Silver-Smith in the Broad 
Way, and robb'd the same of near two Hundred Pounds, 
in Plate, &c. Diligent Search has been made after the 
Thieves, but we have not heard of any Discovery being 
made. — News item in The New-York Gazette or Weekly 
Post-Boy, August 27, 1770. 

J. H. — Whereas on Tuesday the 29th of August last, 
a chest was broke open at my house, by persons un- 
known, out of which was taken four silver table spoons, 
marked M. C. M. maker's name J. H. in a heart; seven 
or eight silver tea spoons, the same mark and stamp, 
and one pair of silver tea tongs. If the same should be 
offered for sale, or pawned to any person or persons, 
they are desired to stop the same, and to secure the theif 
for which they shall have Four Dollars reward, paid by 
Mosses Clement. Queensbury, Orange-county. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 2, 
1775. 

T. H. — On Wednesday Evening last, about 6 o'Clock, 
a Silver Tankard was taken out of the Box of a Chaise 
standing at the Sign of the Dove, opposite to the Gate 
that opens to John Boss's House, in the Outward of this 
City. The Makers Mark T H, with a Cypher of the 
Letters J B on the Fore-Part of the Tankard. Whoever 
brings it to the Printer hereof, shall have Three Pounds 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 45 

Reward, and no Questions asked : If offer'd to be pawn'd 
or sold, pray stop it, and the same Reward will be given. 
—The New-York Gazette, October 31, 1763. 

Benjamin Halsted. — A Premonition to those Gentle- 
men that may hereafter have an Occasion to employ a 
Silver-Smith, to beware of that Villain Benjamin 
Halsted ; lest they be bit by him, as I have been. Andrew 
Bowne. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post^ 
Boy, August 16, 1764. 

Benjamin Halsted. — Having been informed that a 
defamatory Advertisement, against me signed by one 
Andrew Bowne, of Shrewsbury, was intended to be pub- 
lished in the Thursday's Gazette; This is to desire the 
Public not to suffer themselves to be seduced by the 
Malice of the said Andrew Bowne, but to suspend their 
Judgement, until, either the Truth, or the Calumny of 
his Assertion, be properly determined by a due Course 
of Law; for I am resolved to sue him immediately for 
Scandal. Benjamin Halsted. — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post Boy, August 23, 1764. 

Benjamin Halsted. — The Subscriber finds himself 
obliged, with infinite Reluctance, to address the Public 
on Account of a surrilous Advertisement in the New- 
York Gazette of Thursday last Week, signed by one 
Andrew Bowne. The Character and Reputation of a 
Man in Trade, being of the most delicate and tender 
Nature, any Attempts to stigmatize it, not founded on 
Facts, or supported by Evidence, will never, I flatter 
myself, influence the impartial Part of Mankind, before 
the Truth has been scrutinized in a legal Manner. But, 
some Time must elapse before this can be done : And as 
the Audaciousness of the Advertisement may make 
impressions to my Prejudice, I shall endeavour to remove 
them, by laying all my Transactions with Bowne, open 
to the Public; where by it may easily be perceived the 



46 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Means by which his Brain was so violently heated as to 
overcome his Reason. 

Andrew Bowne, of Shrewsbury, called on me last 
Summer, teUing me Joseph Holnaes, of this City, had 
recommended me to him as an honest Silversmith. He 
then bespoke a Set of Silver Buttons for a Suit of 
Clothes. They were made exactly to his Directions ; and 
when he came to fetch them he seemed perfectly pleased 
with them. Three Weeks afterwards he called on me, 
and desired I would take them back. I represented to 
him how unsaleable Things made after another's Whim 
were; and that before I found a Person of his Taste, 
Years might elapse. He then offered me a Dollar ; which 
I refusing he grew passionate, and went away in the 
greatest Anger. On his Return Home, he wrote me the 
Annexed Letter (No. 1) which I despised, and returned 
no answer to. Last May he wrote me another (No. 2) in 
both which he has been very lavish of Names that no 
honest Man can well brook. I returned him an Answer 
(No. 3) with a View to pass the Affair into Ridicule; 
but it had a contrary Effect; and the Advertisement in 
Question was produced by it.® 

Private Affairs, of a trival and insignificant Nature, 
are unworthy the Attention of the Public. But when 
maUcious Defamation is allowed to blast Characters in a 
pubUc Newspaper, a justif action in the same public 
Manner becomes necessary; This Apology, I hope, will 
plead my Excuse. Benjamin Halsted. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, September 6, 1764. 

Benjamin & Matthias Halsted, Gold and Silver- 
Smiths, Take this method to acquaint the public, that 
they have now set up their business in Elizabeth-Town 
(nearly opposite to Mr. Joseph Jelf's Merchant) where 
they propose to carry it on in all its branches, as the 
said Benjamin Halsted, has followed the business some 

« Letters No. 1, 2, and 3 were published below the statement of Hal- 
sted. In the same paper the printer of the paper published a notice 
stating that the notices were published with the consent and desire of 
the persons affected. 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 47 

time in New- York, to the satisfaction of his employers, 
he hopes his former customers there and in the country 
will not forget him, as he will now obey all orders for 
work from them and other gentlemen and ladies of the 
city or country, at the shortest notice and most reason- 
able prices, with the greatest care and exactness to their 
intire satisfaction; as we purpose to make work of all 
qualities (prices accordingly) we hope our employers 
will not expect the best of work for the meanest prices. 

Any orders for work being left at Mr. Thomas Star 
TredwelFs, at Burling's-slip, New-York, will come safe 
to hand ; or any gentlemen or ladies wanting work done, 
that are desirous to see one of us to deliver their orders 
to, if they will please to leave word at the above Mr. 
Tredwell's, one or the other will wait on them at a very 
short notice. 

Said Matthias Halsted has for sale, a few silver-smiths 
tools, which he will sell cheap for cash, viz. Forging, 
planishing, hollowing and bouge hammers, piercing, 
riffling and common files, fine Turkey oil stone slips, and 
Bohemia polishing stones, double aqua fortis, corn, half- 
corn and flour emery, borax and sandever. The above 
tools, &c. may be had of the above Mr. Tredwell, and 
hkewise a few best steel top thimbles. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, September 25, 1766. 

Charles Hambelton. — Run Away from his Bail, the 
4th of this instant Charles Hambelton, by Trade a Silver 
Smith . . . — The New-York Gazette, January 7, 1760. 

Hamilton. — We hear from Poughkeepsie, that 

about a Fortnight since, one Hamilton, a Silversmith, 
was committed to Goal there on Suspicion of making 
Spanish milled Dollars; but in a few Days after he was 
put in, to save any further Trouble, he hang'd himself 
with his own Handkerchief, by making it fast to a Spike 
that was drove into the Goal Wall. — News item in The 
New-York Mercury, July 13, 1761. 



48 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Thomas Hammersley. — Run away, on friday the 
20th inst. August, from Thomas Hammersley of the city 
of New- York, goldsmith, a negro fellow named Duke 
. . .—The New-York Mercury, August 30, 1756. 

Thomas Hammersley,^ Gold-Smith, who lately lived 
near the Change in Dock Street has removed his Shop 
into Hanover-Square, next Door to Mr. John Waters, 
Merchant. Where he continues to carry on his Business, 
with the usual Expedition ; and trusts he shall afford the 
same general Satisfaction as heretofore. N.B. Any Per- 
son well acquainted with the Gold Smith's Business, may 
meet with good Encouragement, by applying to the said 
Hamersley. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post- 
Boy, June 27, 1757. 

Thomas Hammersley. — Last Wednesday Night two 
Silver Spoons were offered to Sale to Thomas Hamersly, 
of the City, Goldsmith, which he stop'd, on Suspicion 
of their being stole: . . . — The New-York Mercury, 
January 22, 1759. 

Thomas Hammersley. — Run-away, the 13th Instant, 
from Thomas Hamersly, of this City, Goldsmith, A negro 
Man. . . . — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post- 
Boy, February 23, 1764. 

John Hastier. — Thomas Butwell, is parted Partners 
from James Munden, and Liveth in the House of Mr. 
John Heistier [sic] Gold-smith, opposite to Mr. Franks 
Merchant in Queen-Street . . . — The New-York Weekly 
Journal, March 10, 1735. 

John Hastier. — This is to give Notice that I John 
Hastier, Gold Smith in this City, have at my House a 
Frenchman, who teaches to Read and Write French, as 
also Arithmetick in a very short Method. Whoever in- 
clines to learn may apply to the said John Hastier at his 

'Also spelled Hamersley and Hamersly. 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 49 

House who will agree on reasonable Terms. . . . — The 
New-York Weekly Journal, June 27, 1737. 

John Hastier. — 

N. York, March 5, 1738/9 
Mr. Bradford; 

You are desired to publish the following account 
for the benefit of the Publick, as a Caution against Coun- 
terfeits. 

Yours, &c. 

On Saturday the 24th of February ult. Samuel Flud, 
alias Flood came with one Joseph Steel to the House of 
John Hastier of this City, Gold-smith and desired to be 
with him in private, who accordingly went into a Room, 
and Flud produced to him a Five Shilling Bill of New 
Hampshire, and asked him if he could engrave a Copper- 
plate for him like that? who answered, That he could. 
Flud desired that he would be expeditious about it, and 
he would reward him handsomly; and said, he would 
call again on Monday Morning following, and so Flud & 
Steel departed. Whereupon Mr. Hastier went immedi- 
ately to a Magistrate and acquainted him of the Case, 
who desired Hastier to give notice when Flud came to 
him again, that he might be apprehended. He accord- 
ingly came again, with the said Steel, to the Goldsmith 
on Monday Morning, and said, he was glad that he had 
met with a Workman for his Turn; He brought a Ten 
Shilling Rhode-Island Bill, and bespoke a Plate for that 
also, promising the Gold-smith, that he should be well 
rewarded, he should have Money enough, and he would 
supply him with those Bills. But the Goldsmith having 
given Notice to the Magistrate, that those Men were at 
his House, they were immediately apprehended; and 
upon Examination there were found in Steel's Possession 
eleven Counterfeit Five Pound Rhode Island Bills, and 
afterwards two more of the same sort were discovered, 
which Steel had passed & Changed that Morning. . . . 
—The New-York Gazette, February 27— March 6, 1739. 



50 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

John Hastier. — Run away on Monday last, from John 
Hastier, of this City, Goldsmith, a lusty well-set Negro 
Man named Jasper . . . — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, May 15, 1758. 

John Heath. — To be Sold. The house on the corner 
of Van Gelder's alley in the Broadway . . . Any person 
incUning to purchase the same before the day of sale, 
may apply to John Heath, goldsmith, in Wall-street. — 
The New-York Mercury, January 3, 1763. 

Henry Jenain. — To Be Sold. A parcel of very good 
Duck Trousers by Henry Jenain, Gold Smith; Enquire 
for him at the House of Capt. Britton, at the Corner 
of Stone Street near Fort George in New-York. — The 
New-York Journal, January 23, 1750. 

Jacob Jennings. — Broke open on Wednesday the 6th 
Instant April, at Night, a Gold-smith's, joining the 
Thacher's mills, in Norwalk, and carried of the following 
Ware, a Cream Pot, large Spoons stampt I I, Shoe and 
Knee-Buckles flower'd and plain, some of them were 
without Flukes, Teaspoons and Tongs, Stone Buttons of 
different Sorts, Gold and Silver Sleeve Buttons, and 
several other Things of Value. Whoever takes up the 
Thief or Thieves, and secures the said Ware, so that the 
Owner may have them again, shall be well rewarded, and 
all reasonable Charges paid by the Subscriber. Jacob 
Jennings. All Silversmiths are desired to stop the said 
Ware if offer'd for Sale. — The New-York Gazette, April 
18, 1763. 

William Kumbel, Clock and Watch-Maker, at the 
sign of the Dial, Near the Coenties Market, Begs leave 
to inform the pubhc, that he carries on said business in 
all its branches; likewise the gold and silver smiths 
business. Any gentlemen or ladies who favours him with 
their work, may depend on its being done in the neatest 
manner, and at the most reasonable rate, with the 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 51 

quickest dispatch. — Ths New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, July 24, 1775. 

B. L. R. — Stolen out of the House of Mr. Jacob Franks, 
some Time last Sunday Night, two Pair of Silver Candle- 
sticks, with the Cypher of J. A. F. on the Foot and the 
Mark B. L. R. the Makers Names stampt on the bottom, 
Weight of each Candlestick about 20 Ounces, a large 
chaced Salver wt. about 49 oz. one scollopt plain ditto, 
about 38 oz. a round plain Waiter, with the Arms of the 
late Sir Peter Warren, engraved in the middle wt. about 
16 oz. a chaced Coffee-Pot wt. about 20 oz. All these 
are Sterling Plate, have a Lion Stampt on the Bottom 
. . .—The New-York Gazette, January 31, 1757. 

John Burt Lyng. — To be sold, at private Sale, the 
House wherein John Burt Lying, Silver-Smith, now lives, 
in the Broad- Way, adjoining the House of Mr. George 
Harrison, and directly opposite the Lutheran Church. 
For further Particulars apply to said Lying, on the Prem- 
ises. Good security will be taken for one Half. N.B. The 
Gold and Silver-Smith Business is carried on as usual, 
by the PubUc's very humble Servant, John Burt Lying. — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post^Boy, January 
5, 1764. 

John Burt Lyng. — To be Sold, A Smart Wench 
about 23 years old; the reason for parting with her is, 
she does not understand country work: She can be as 
well recommended as any Black that ever was sold. For 
farther particulars enquire of John Burt Lyng, Gold- 
smith, living in Great-George-Street. — Rivington's New- 
York Gazetteer, May 12, 1774 {Supplement). 

Charles Le Roux. — Stolen early this Morning out of 
the House of Judah Hayes, in Broadstreet, the following 
Plate, viz. One plain Quart Silver Coffee Pot, made by 
Charles Le Roux; One large Soop Ladle; One Table 
Spoon; Three Tea ditto; One chased Milk Pot, EngUsh 



52 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

make; One Punch Strainer; One Small Silver Sauspan 
and Cover; And one Pepper Caster; all marked, except 

H 
the Coffee Pot, thus I R. — It is desired that they may- 
be stopped if offer'd to be pawn'd or sold, and Notice 
given to the Subscriber; if the Things are recovered. Ten 
Pounds Reward will be given by Judah Hayes. — The 
New-York Gazette, August 16, 1762. 

M. M. — Whereas the DwelUng House of Isaac Seixas, 
nigh the New Dutch Church, was last Night broke open, 
and sundry Things stolen therefrom; among which were 
two large Silver Table Spoons, mark'd with the Cypher 
IRS. Maker's Name M M; six Tea Spoons, mark'd 
R L. and Sugar Tongs ; a Silver Pepper Box, and a Salt- 
Celler with the same Mark; a Pewter Ring Stand, two 
French Silver Candlesticks, and a Pair of Boys Silver 
Buckles . . . — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, March 18, 1754. 

Samson Mears, Goldsmith, Has open'd his Shop in 
Pearl-street, in the house Mr. Andrew Breasted, formerly 
lived, where he intends to carry on the gold and silver- 
smith's business, after the newest and neatest Fashion; 
and all Commands he is favoured with, will be executed 
with the most thankful Dispatch. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, November 29, 1762. 

Edmond Milne. — Run away from Edmond Milne, 
Goldsmith, . . . indented servant man . . . James 
Samuel Gordon, by trade a jeweller . . . Philadelphia. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 
8, 1771. 

John M'Intosh. — Deserted from His Majesty's 17th 
Regiment of Foot . . . John M'Intosh, aged 25 Years, 
5 Feet 8 Inches and an half high, he was born near Fort 
George, in Scotland, by Trade a Silver Smith, short 
neck'd, fresh complexion, large Eyes, well set, has a small 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 53 

stoop in his Shoulders and speaks Irse [sic] and English 
equally well . . . — The New-York Mercury, December 
22, 1760 (Supplement). 

Myers & Halsted, Gold Smiths, Have removed to the 
lower End of King-Street, at the House of Mr. John Bell, 
Where they continue to make, all kinds of work, in gold 
and silver, and have to sell, a neat assortment of ready 
made plate, chased and plain; diamond rings, garnet 
hoops, and broaches in gold, crystal buttons and ear- 
rings, in ditto, silver, ivory, and wood etwees, tooth pick 
cases, and smelling bottles; cases of silver handled knives 
and forks, best spare blades for ditto, glasses for silver 
salts, cut cruets for table equipages, and an assortment 
of tools, for watch and clock makers. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, November 10, 1763. 

Myers & Halsted, Gold Smiths, have removed to the 
Store House of Mr. Elias Desbroses, where Messrs. 
Phenix and Brown lately kept Store, being the next 
Corner to Mr. Henry Cuyler. . . . — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, July 5, 1764. 

Myer Myers. — Run away ... an English Servant 
Man, named Lewis Meares ... a jeweller by Trade, and 
can engrave. Had on when he went away, a turn'd blue 
Cloth Coat with black Buttons half trim'd, small round 
Cuffs without Buttons, an old blue lapell'd Waistcoat 
with Brass Buttons, the Lappels lin'd with black Velvet, 
a Pair of black Leather Breeches with solid Silver But- 
tons, an old Hat and brown cut Wig ; took with him four 
new Check Shirts, a new white one, and an old one 
mark'd M. M. Whoever takes up said Servant, and 
secures him, so that his Master may have him again, 
shall have Three Pounds Reward, and all reasonable 
Charges paid, by Myer Myers. — The New-York Gazette 
or the Weekly Post-Boy, April 9, 1753. 

Myer Myers, is removed from his shop at the Meal- 
Market to the house in King-street, belonging to the 



54 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

widow of old Doctor Dupuy, opposite Mr. Lawrence 
Reade's; where he continues to follow the Goldsmith's 
business in all its branches. — The New-York Mercury, 
August 12, 1754. 

Myer Myers.— New- York, March 27, 1767. Ten 
Pounds, Reward. Whereas the House of Mrs. Rebecca 
Hays, of this City was, last Thursday Night robbed of 
the following pieces of Plate and Money, viz. 

1 Two-Quart Silver Tankard, marked I, H, R. 
1 Large Silver Punch Bowl, with two Handles. 
3 Silver Porringers, marked M, M, K. 

1 Silver Sugar Castor, marked M, M, K. 

2 Pair of Round Silver Salts, with Feet, marked I, H, R. And one 
odd do. marked in the same Manner. 

1 Small SUver Salver, without any Mark. 
6 Table Spoons, marked B, H. Maker's Name Myers. 
1 Pair of Diamond Rings, with Drops. 
1 Silver Coffee-Pot, no Mark, Maker's Name I, P. 
And a Silver Tea-Pot. . . . 

'Tis Possible more of the Plate is marked, than what is 
mentioned above. Whoever takes up and secures any 
Person or Persons concerned in the above Robbery, so 
that they may be brought to Justice, shall have the above 
Reward, paid by me. Moses M. Hays. — The N em-York 
Gazette, April 6-13, 1767. 

Myer Myers. — On Monday the third day of June 
next, between the hours of twelve and two, will be sold 
at public vendue, on the premises, a house and lot of 
ground, in Elbow-Street, Montgomery Ward; the build- 
ings have seven fire-places; the lot in front and rear 
twenty two feet, length on the north side ninety six feet 
three inches, and on the fourth ninety three feet six 
inches. The conditions of sale will be made known on 
the day of the sale, and a sufficient title given to the 
purchaser, by Myer Myers. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, May 20, 1771. 

Myer Myers. — To Be Sold, A House and lot of ground 
in King-Street, thirty four feet front and rear, and 
seventy eight feet deep, containing every convenience 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 65 

necessary to a family, for conditions of sale apply to 
Myer Myers. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, August 
26, 1773. 

E. P. — Taken out of a House about the Twenty-third 
of September last, in the Out ward, A Quart Silver 
Tankard, almost new; weight thirty three ounces, 
marked with the initial letters E. B. of the owner's name 
in a cypher, the makers name E. P. . . . — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, August 26, 1776. 

Otto Parisien, Gold-Smith, from Berlin, Makes all 
Sorts of Plate Work, both plain and chas'd, in the neatest 
and most expeditious Manner; Likewise undertakes 
chasing any Piece of old Plate, at his House, the lower 
End of Batto Street. — The New-York Gazette, March 
14, 1763. 

Otto Parisien. — Five Pounds Reward. Stolen out of 
the Shop of Otto Parisien, Goldsmith, in Smith-street, 
on Friday last the 17th of May, in the Afternoon; A 
small four-square black Shagreen Box, containing the 
following Rings, viz. One Diamond Ring, middle Stone 
Shape of a Heart, set round with Sparks, one ditto with 
brown Stone, with a Roman Head cut on, set round with 
Sparks; one ditto, a Garnet Eight-square, one Spark each 
Side; one ditto, an Emerald, four-square, one Spark on 
each Side ; one ditto set in the Form of a Flower-pot, the 
Middle a Diamond, two Sparks, three Rubies above, and 
an Emerald and a Topaz on each Side; one ditto, a 
Saphio, in the Shape of a Heart, with an Emerald and 
two Sparks above in the Form of a Crown; one ditto, a 
Moco the Middle, Garnets all round ; one ditto, a Garnet, 
the Middle in Form of a Heart, very long, two Bristol 
Stones each Side; one ditto, four Garnets set across, a 
small white Stone in the Middle. Any Person or Persons 
that should offer any of the above Rings for Sale, or to 
pawn, it is desired they may be stopped, that they may 
be brought to Justice, and the above Reward will be 



56 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

given by Otto Parisien. — The New-York Mercury, May 
20, 1765. 

Otho* Parisien, Silver-Smith, Living near Peck's- 
Slip, opposite to Mr. Vandervoort's, Returns Thanks to 
his Customers for past Favours, and hopes their Con- 
tinuance; which he shall endeavour to deserve, by sup- 
plying those Gentlemen and Ladies who please to employ 
him, with all kinds of wrought Plate, either chased or 
plain, according to any Pattern they shall please to send 
or direct; and by doing the Work in the best and neatest 
Manner, and at the cheapest Rates. 

N.B. The upper Part of his House to let. — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, February 9, 
1769. 

Otto Parisien. — About six o'Clock last Friday Eve- 
ning, the House of Mr. Otto Parisien, Silversmith, in the 
Fly, in this City, took Fire by Means of his Furnace. 
. . . — News item in The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, April 25, 1774. 

OiTO Parisien, Silversmith, who was reduced by fire, 
is removed to Dock-street, opposite to Mr. Ward Hunt, 
Joiner, gives thanks to his former customers for their 
encouragement, and hopes for their continuance. Those 
gentlemen and ladies, who will favour him with their 
employ, will have their work done as reasonable as by 
any of the trade. He makes all sorts of plate, plain or 
chassed. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, May 12, 
1774. 

Ellias Pelletreatj, Takes this method to inform the 
Merchants and the Public in general, That he has set 
up at his House on Golden-Hill, at the Sign of the Dish 
of Fry'd Oysters, a place for cutting of Whale Bone; 
those that will favour him with their Custom, may 
depend upon being served with care and expedition. 

8 A different spelling for Otto. 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 57 

N.B. He has also for Sale, a parcel of Silver Smith's 
Tools, which he will sell cheap for cash. — The N em-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 24, 1773. 

Joseph Pinto. — For Sale, by Joseph Pinto, Silver- 
smith, at his Shop in Bayard-Street, Men's Shoe, knee 
and Stock Stone Buckles; Women's Shoe and Girdle, do. 
Silver Watches, chased Silver Milk Pots, Stone Rings: 
Also a healthy and likely Negro Boy, who has had the 
Small- Pox, and is suitable for a Merchant or Tradesman. 
—The New-York Mercury, October 30, 1758. 

Joseph Pinto. — To be Sold, by Joseph Pinto, Silver- 
Smith, in Bayard-Street, A very fine silver chass'd turene, 
dish and spoon; chass'd and plain stands, full furnished, 
chass'd candlesticks, coffee and tea pots, sugar dishes, 
slop bowls and sauce boats, chass'd and plain pint and 
half pint mugs, salvers of different sizes, and milk pots, 
salts and pepper casters, and marrow spoons, cases with 
silver handled knives and forks, silver watches, silver 
and plated spurs, chass'd and plain whistles, gold headed 
canes, locket buttons set in gold, shoe, knee, and girdle 
buckles, and a variety of stone rings. — The New-York 
Mercury, October 26, 1761. 

P. Q. — Stolen, out of the House of Daniel Dunscomb, 
of this City, on Saturday last, the first Instant, a Silver 

M 
Tankard, marked on the Bottom thus D D, containing 
a Wine Quart. It had a large bruise on the side, the 
hinge pretty much wore, the Maker's Stamp p Q near the 
Handle. If it should be offered for Sale, or to be pawn'd, 
all Persons are desired to stop the same with the Vender, 
and they shaU be well rewarded by Daniel Dunscomb. — 
The New-York Mercury, September 3, 1764. 

Peter Quintard. — A Good house and Lot belonging 
to the Widdow Bellarow is to be Sold, whereon there is 
a good Stable and other out-Buildings, a good pump in 



58 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

the Yard, and a good Garden; There is also three other 
Lots adjoyning the same, which are situated in Queen- 
street over against the House of Mr. Benj. Peck. . . . 
Whoever incHnes to buy the same, may apply to Peter 
Quintard, Goldsmith, Uving near the New Dutch Church 
in the City of New- York . . . — The New-York Gazette, 
July 7-14, 1735. 

N. R. — Stolen out of the House of Mr. Andrew 
Barclay, of this City, last Thursday Evening a Quart 

R 
Silver Tankard marked on the handle I C. with a Scratch 
from the Bottom of the Letter R. Maker's Mark, on the 
Left Side of the Handle N. R. with a Scratch on the 
Letter R. also, and a Coat of Arms on the fore part of 
the Tankard. Whoever discovers the Thief so that the 
Tankard may be had again shall receive Five Pounds 
Reward, and no Question asked. Paid by Andrew Barclay. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
November 4, 1771. 

Stephen Reeves, Gold and Silver Smith, Living near 
the corner of Burling's Slip, in Queen-Street, opposite 
Mr. Benjamin Getfield's, Breeches-maker, New- York: 
Takes this method to inform his friends and customers, 
and the pubHc in general, that he now carries on his 
business as usual, such as making and mending all kinds 
of gold and silver ware, mounting and mending swords, 
and making all sorts of jeweller's work, &c. &c 

He returns his sincere thanks for all past favours, and 
hopes for a continuance of the same, as he flatters himself 
of giving general satisfaction to all who may be pleased 
to employ him. N.B. Ready money given for old gold 
and silver. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, October 7, 1776. 

Paul Revere. — Thursday Morning last Mr. Paul 
Revere, an Express from Boston, passed through here, 
on his way to the Congress at Philadelphia. — News item 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 59 

in The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
September 19, 1774. 

George Ridout. — Just imported from London, and to 
be Sold by George Ridout, Goldsmith, Near the Ferry- 
Stairs, Pl-ice four Shilhngs per box: The most fam'd and 
long-experience Powder for Preserving the Teeth and 
Gumms ; which after two or three Times using makes the 
foulest Teeth white and beautiful, preserves them from 
growing rotten, and in a little Time removes the cause of 
an ill scented Breath. He Hkewise sells fine Hungary and 
Lavender Water; Harthshorn, Lavender and salvolatile 
Drops: also an Assortment of Diamond Rings and Ear- 
rings, Stone Sohtairs, Stone Rings, with sundry other 
Goods at the most reasonable Rates. — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, June 10, 1751. 

Nicholas Roosevelt.^ — To be Let, and enter'd upon 
the 1st of May next. The house in which Nicholas Roose- 
velt now lives, at the lower end of Thames Street, on 
the wharf fronting the North-River: The conveniency 
and commodiousness of the situation excells any on the 
river; it fronts two slips, one of which is near 100 feet 
broad, and the greatest part of the year is fill'd with boats 
and crafts, from the Jersies and North-River. The house 
will suit a merchant or shopkeeper, and great quantities 
of rum, sugar, molasses, and salt, with all manner of dry 
goods, have a ready sale. Is a roomy and convenient 
house, with seven fire-places; a large yard, in which is a 
pump and cistern, and a garden and grass-plot. Likewise 
a silver-smith's shop to be let, and the tools of the trade 
to be sold. Also to be sold by said Roosevelt, a parcel 
of ready made silver, large and small. Viz. Silver tea- 
pots and tea-spoons, silver hilted swords, sauce-boats, 
salts and shovels, soup-spoons both scoUep'd and plain, 
table spoons, tea-tongs, punch ladles and strainers, milk- 

« In an advertisement of John Blank mention is made of Nicholas 
Roosevelt, deceased. — New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
January 7, 177L 



60 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

pots, snuff-boxes, and sundry other small articles, both 
gold and silver, as buckles, clasps, buttons, broaches, 
rings, and lockets, both plain and set with paste moco, 
&c. &c. which he will sell very reasonable, as he intends 
declining business, and to move in the Country in the 
spring.— T/ie New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, January 30, 1769. 

S. S. — Lost a Silver Pepper Box, mark'd on the Side 

T 
R ♦ M and on the Bottom S. S, the Silver Smith's Mark, 
and somewhat bruis'd on the Top; Whoever brings it 
to the Printer hereof, or to the Cryer, shall receive its 
Weight in Silver as a Reward. If offer'd to be Sold or 
Pawn'd its desir'd to be stopt. — The New-York Weekly 
Journal, December 19, 1743. 

S. S. — Three Pounds Reward. Whereas on Friday 
night last, the house of John Woods, attorney at law at 
the upper end of Queen-Street, was broke open, and the 
following articles were taken therefrom, viz. One silver 
tankard, marked J. W. M. in a cypher, upon the lid 
J. W. M. on the handle, maker's two first letters, S. S., 
five silver table spoons, mark'd J. W. M. maker's first two 
letters, S. S., one silver porringer marked J. W. M. 
makers two first letters, S. S. one silver milk pot, marked 
J. W. M. makers mark R. V. D. Whoever apprehends 
and secures the thief or thieves, so that they may be 
brought to justice, shall have the above reward. N.B. 
The Silver Smiths, as also all other persons are desired 
if either of the above articles should be offered for sale, 
to stop them; and they shall be handsomely reward. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 
24, 1773. 

Abraham Skinner. — Charles Morse, Attorney at Law 
and Conveyancer, &c. At the House of Mr. Abraham 
Skinner Silversmith, on the New-Dock between the Ferry 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 61 

Stairs and Rotten Row, . . . — The New-York Gazette, 
June 7, 1762. 

William Smith, Gold and Silver-smith in Chapel- 
Street, Makes and mends all sorts of gold, silver and 
jewellery ware, in the best and neatest manner. N.B. He 
gives ready money for old gold and silver. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, November 5, 
1770. 

Simeon Soumain. — This is to give notice to All 
Gentlemen and others. That a Lottery is to be drawn at 
Mr. John Stevens, in Perth Amboy, for 501 L. of Silver 
& Gold Work, wrought by Simeon Soumain of New York, 
Gold-Smith, all of the newest Fashion. The highest 
Prize consists of an Eight square Tea-Pot, six Tea- 
Spoons, Skimmer and Tongs, Valued, at 18£ 3s. 6d. The 
lowest Prize consists of Twelve ShilUngs Value. There is 
278 Prizes in all and there is only five Blanks to each 
Prize. 

Tickets are given out at Six Shilling York Mony or 
seven Shillings Jersey Mony for each Ticket, at the house 
of Mr. John Stevens in Amboy, at Mr. Andrew Bradf ords 
in Philadelphia, at Mr. Lewis Carrees in Aliens-Town, 
at Mr. Jolines in Elizabeth-Town, at Mr. Cortlands at 
Second River, at Mr. Samuel Clowse in Jamaica on Long- 
Island, and at Simeon Soumains in the City of N-York, 
which last place the good are to be seen. — The New-York 
Gazette, April 3-10, 1727. 

Simeon Soumaine. — . . . To be Sold By the above 
said Gerard Beekman, two Lotts of Ground lying on the 
North-West Side of Beekmans-Swamp, commonly call'd 
and known by the name of Cripple-Bush, joining the 
upper Side of Mr. Simeon Soumaine's Garden, . . . — 
The New-York Weekly Journal, April 9, 1744. 

Tobias Stoutenburgh. — To be Sold, Two good Dwell- 
ing-Houses of two Story each, in the Broad- Way, 



62 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

adjoining to the Lutheran Church ; also three others near 
the French Church, of a Story and a half each, all belong- 
ing to the Estate of Tobias Stoutenburgh, late deceased. 
Enquire of Tobias Stoutenburgh, Gold-Smith, near the 
Spring Garden, New- York. — The New York Weekly 
Post Boy, October 22, 1744 (Supplement). 

Samuel Tingley, Gold and Silver-Smith, Has removed 
from his Shop in the Fly, to the Rotten-Row, where he 
continues his Business. The Shop he left is to Let. — The 
New-York Mercury, May 11, 1767. 

P. V. B. — Stolen, Out of a House near EUis's Dock, on 
Friday Night being the 5th of February, one Diamond 
Ring with seven Diamonds, 3 large and four small, one 
Diamond in most the Shape of a Flower Pot, one Ring 
with four Diamonds and a flat Stone, with a little Hair 
under; one Diamond Girdle Buckle, with about 30 or 32 
Stones ; one plain Gold Ring, maker's Name P V B ; also 
twelve Pound in Cash, mostly Jersey Money. If any 
Person or Persons shall offer any of the above Articles to 
Sale, stop them and give information to the Printer, who 
will reward them for their Pains. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, February 8, 1762. 

P. V. D. — Last Saturday Night the House of James 
Mills in this City, Tavern Keeper, was broke open and 
rob'd by Persons unknown, of sundry Things of Value, 
among which were one Silver Pint Mugg, mark'd A. M. 
Maker's Name P. V. D. one ditto English make old 
f ashion'd ; two old f ashion'd Spoons, the Ends with Seals, 
English make ; four ditto, mark'd J. M. C. Maker's Name 
TB. one ditto mark'd T. C. E. Makers Name P. V. D. 
one ditto mark'd W. T. A. six ditto mark'd B. T. S. 
Maker's Name P. V. D. one ditto mark'd W. B. S. 
Silver Marrow Scoup; . . . — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, June 16, 1755. 

^Van Dyke. — Mr. Obadiah Wells living in the 

Sloat, in New York keeps a Shop of Dry Goods in Han- 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 63 

over-Square, next Door to Mr. Vandyke's, Gold-Smith. — 
The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post- 
Boy, March 28, 1748. 

W K 

B . — Taken out of the House of Mr. Edward Fast- 
ham who keeps the Fighting Cocks-Inn, in New- York, a 

E 
Silver Quart Tankard, marked on the Handle E S en- 

W K 
graven, the Silversmiths Mark is B Punch'd, and a 
Cypher on the Lid of E S. The Person who is suspected 
to have taken it is of midle Stature, wore his own dark 
coloured Hair or a natural Wig, and a brown Coat with 
a small Cape, very much worn, and out at the Elbows. 

Three Pounds as a Reward to any one that shall bring 
the said Tankard home, and no Questions asked. If left 
in secure Hands, the Reward shall be paid on Receipt of 
the Tankard. If offered to be sold or pawn'd pray stop it. 
N.B. He passes by the Name of John CoflSn. — The New- 
York Weekly Journal, May 24, 1736. 

W K 

C . — Lost or Stolen a few Days ago, out of the 
House in this City, three Silver Spoons of Common Size, 
VD. w k 

mark'd I. I. with the Silver smith's mark c . 

Whoever brings the said Spoons to the Printer hereof, 
shall have Fifteen Shilhngs Reward and no Questions 
ask'd : And all Persons, to whom they may be offer'd to 
be sold or Pawn'd are desired to stop them. — The New- 
York Weekly Post Boy, November 10, 1746. 

John Wood. — To the Public. The subscriber begs 
leave to acquaint the publick in general, and his friends 
in particular, that he has taken the shop lately occupied 
by Mr. James Bennett, Jeweller, situated in the lower 
end of Maiden-lane, near the upper end of the Fly- 
Market, where he intends to carry on the gold and silver 



64 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

smith's work, in its different branches, at the most rea- 
sonable rates, and in the neatest manner, and hopes by 
the steady apphcation of his business, to give all possible 
satisfaction to those who please to favour him with their 
commands, I am, Gentlemen and Ladies Your most 
obUged Servant, John Wood. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, April 30, 1770. 

Jewellers 

Jeremiah Andrews, Jeweller, from London, Takes 
this Method to inform the Public, That he has set up his 
Business on Gold-Hill-Street, at the House of Catherine 
Hubbs, opposite Mr. Scandaret's Beer and Oyster House. 
Ladies and Gentlemen who have not previously engaged 
with any Persons of the same Business, may rest assured 
they will be served to their Satisfaction, in every Branch 
of his Profession. 

N.B. Gold and Silversmiths may have their Work 
done on reasonable Terms. Mourning Rings made in 
the newest Fashion, and with greatest Dispatch. — 
Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, September 15, 1774. 

Jeremiah Andrews. — Hanover-Square, New-York. 
Jeremiah Andrews, Jeweller, Continuing his business still 
in the same place, thinks it proper to acquaint shop- 
keepers and traders who are under disadvantages by 
reason of the non-importation, that he is willing chear- 
fuUy to bear his part; therefore engages to make every 
article for such, pertaining to his branch, as cheap as they 
could be imported from London, and materials good. 
He returns thanks to his customers for their past, and 
hopes a continuance of their future favours, which he 
will always gratefully acknowldge. Also informs them 
and the public, that he hath a great variety of patterns 
of the newest fashions, which he received from London 
since his last advertisement. — Rivington's New-York 
Gazetteer, May 25, 1775. 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 66 

Jeremiah Andrews, Jeweller in Hanover Square, 
New- York; Thinks proper to inform the Public, as he 
hath been absent from the city some time, (and under- 
standing that many things have been called for, in his 
way, during his absence, that he is now returned to his 
former place of business; where he will gratefully receive 
the commands of his kind friends and customers, which 
shall be performed with faithfulness and dispatch. 

N.B. Said Andrews will give a good price for old gold 
and silver. — The Constitutional Gazette, June 8, 1776. 

William Bateman. — Stone Seals neatly engraved, by 
William Bateman, from London, At the House of Mr. 
Hopkins, Pilot, in Fair-Street, New- York. Engraves 
Coats of arms. Crests, Cyphers, figures, heads and fancies 
in the neatest fashion, arms neatly painted on vellum. 
N.B. Most money for broken, crack'd, or fould diamonds. 
— Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, October 20, 1774. 

William Bateman, Stone Seal Engraver, Lapidary 
and Jeweller from London, at the House of Mr. Hopkins, 
Pilot, in Fair-street, Golden-hill, New- York; Engraves 
on stone, steel, silver and copper plates, coats of arms, 
crests, cyphers, figures, heads and fancies in the neatest 
manner, and on the most reasonable terms. Cuts stones 
of all sorts, in the best manner for bracelets, pictures, 
lockets, rings, buckles and seals; makes or mends all 
kinds of jewellers work in the best manner, coats of arms 
neatly painted on vellum. He has had the honour to do 
work for the first nobility and gentry in London to their 
satisfaction; he flatters himself that he will meet the 
encouragement of the ladies, gentlemen and public in 
general, whom he will make his constant study to use in 
a manner which shall recommend him to their future 
favours. 

N.B. Has a book of heraldry which contains some 
thousand of names, where gentlemen who want their coat 
of arms engraved by him, and do not know them, may 



66 THE AKTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

search the book gratis. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, November 7, 1774. 

William Bateman. — A Reward of Eight Dollars will 
be paid for taking up a servant man named William 
Bateman, about 25 years old, fair complexion, brown 
hair tied behind: had on a brown surtout coat, a beaver 
hat with a large cut in the brim. He was born in Eng- 
land, and came from London to Philadelphia in the ship 
Minerva, Arthur Hill, master. The said Bateman is a 
jeweller and Lapidary by trade, has worked in this city 
with Charles Oliver Bruff, and left this town about three 
weeks ago, and was heard to say he would go to New- 
Haven, Rhode-Island or Boston, to try his business. 

The above reward and all reasonable charges will be 
paid to any person that will bring the above servant to 
Peter Berton. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, March 6, 1775. 

Frederick Becker. — Fine Indian-Jewels, made and 
sold by Frederick Becker, opposite to Capt. Thomas 
Ware, in Beekman street, in New- York, at reasonable 
Rates. — The New-York Weekly Journal, October 18, 
1736. 

James Bennet, Jeweller, lately arrived from London; 
Begs leave to acquaint Ladies, Gentlemen, and others, 
that he has open'd a Shop at the House of Thomas 
Griggs, Cabinet-Maker, the Bottom of the Fly-market, 
with an Assortment of all kinds of jewellers Goods of the 
newest Fashion, also Watches, trinkets, Mettle Buttons 
and Buckles of various kinds, very neat Fowling Pieces 
and Pistols, and different Sorts of hard Ware; likewise 
a very good Assortment of Mens and Womens Leather 
Gloves, Womens black and white Satten and Brocade 
Shoes, black Ruffel, do. velvet and silk Clogs, and sundry 
other Articles too tedious to mention ; and is determined 
to sell as low as possible, for ready Money only. Those 
Gentlemen and Ladies, &c. that oblige him with their 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 67 

Comands, may depend on their being compleated in the 
neatest Manner, by their humble Servant. James 
Bennett. N.B. Great Allowance will be made to those 
who take large Quantities to sell again. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 3, 1768. 

James Bennett, Goldsmith and Jeweller, from Lon- 
don, Begs leave to return thanks to the ladies and gentle- 
men, (those in particular who have favour'd him with 
their commands since his commencement of business in 
this city,) and to the public in general, for the encourage- 
ment he has received, and informs them, that he has 
removed his shop from Mr. Gregs, at the corner of the 
Fly-Market, to a house at the lower end of Maiden-Lane, 
a few doors above Mr. Booth's store, where he continues 
to sell as usual, on the lowest terms, all sorts of goods in 
the jewellery and goldsmith way; also makes, mends, and 
changes any kind of goods in the above mentioned ways ; 
as he is determined studiously to observe such conamands 
as he shall be favoured with, hopes to merit a continu- 
ance of their custom. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, May 8, 1769. 

James Bennett. — All persons indebted to James 
Bennett, jeweller and goldsmith, of this city, are desired 
to make speedy payments; and those who have any 
demands, are requested to bring in their accounts, and 
receive their money ; as he is going to England very soon. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
October 8, 1770. 

James Bennet. — Brought to the house of Mr. James 
Bennett, jeweller, by two young men a Silver Spoon. 
Whoever owns the same may have it by applying to said 
Bennett, paying charges. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, July 5, 1773. 

Bennett & Dixon. — Bennett, and Dixon, Jewellers, 
Gold-smiths, and Lapidaries from London ; At their shop 



68 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

next door but one to the Greneral Post-Office, between the 
corner of Wall-street, and the Fly-Market, beg leave to 
inform their friends, and the public in general, they have 
imported per the last vessels from London, a great 
variety of jewellery and toys, consisting of necklaces, 
ear rings, egrets, sprigs, and pins for ladies hair, rings, 
lockets, and broaches of all sorts, ladies tortoise-shell 
combs plain and sett, stone paste, garnet and marquisite 
shoe, knee and stock buckles, silver shoe, knee and stock 
do. best London and Birmingham pinchbeck do. common 
brass do. the above will be sold very cheap, wholesale or 
retail. 

Likewise for the better carrying on the jewellery, gold- 
smith and lapidary business, have engaged some of the 
best workmen in those branches, that could be had in 
any part of England, and are determined to work as 
cheap and good as in the City of London. 

N.B. Also may be had all sorts of foill and stones, 
wholesale or retail, most money for gold, silver and clear 
crystal. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, August 26, 1771. 

Bennett & Dixon. — The Partnership of Bennett and 
Dixon, Jewellers, Gold-smiths, and Lapidaries, ^° in King- 
street, near the lower end of Wall-street, being dissolved, 
all persons having demands on the said partnership, are 
desired to send in their accounts and receive payment, 
by Bennet who requests the continuance of the favours 
of his friends and customers, and is the only real maker 
in this city of Ladies set shoe buckles, ear-rings, egrets, 
sprigs and hair pins, seals, necklaces, combs, crosses, and 
lockets, sleeve buttons and bracelets, &c. Gentlemens set 
shoe, knee and stock buckles ; seals, broaches, buttons and 
rings, &c. . . . 

N.B. Mourning rings, plain or set, with any kind of 
stone with hair work'd in landskips. . . . — The New- 
York Journal or General Advertiser, August 6, 1772. 

10 A List of jewelry imported by Bennett & Dixon appeared in the 
same paper on May 21, 1772. 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 69 

Abel Buell. — We can also assure the Public from our 
own Knowledge, as well as from Testimony of a Gentle- 
man lately from the Westward, that Mr. Abel Buell, of 
Killingsworth, in Connecticut, Jeweller and Lapidary, 
has lately, by his own Genius, without any Assistance, 
made himself Master of the Art of Founding Types at 
the same Price they are sold at in Great Britain. Some 
of the Types have actually been exhibited in this Town 
and Philadelphia. — News item from Newport, R. I., 
August 21st, in The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, August 28, 1769. 

Charles Dutens. — . . . ^^ Besides, I have a Business 
which takes up a great Part of my Time, when Gentle- 
men and Ladies are pleased to employ me, in making 
divers Sorts of Rings, as mourning, enamelFd, fancy, 
motto Rings, &c. Ear-Rings, Solitairs, Stay Hooks, 
Seals, Lockets. Also, I set Diamond, Rubies, Emeralds, 
Saphires, or any other Kind of Stone to the best Advan- 
tage, and at very reasonable Rates, at my Lodgings, at 
Mrs. Eastham's, the lower End of Broad Street, near the 
Long-Bridge. And all Gentlemen and Ladies who have 
a Mind to send their Children (or others under their 
Dependency) to learn French, may depend upon my 
exact CompHance in teaching them properly, and with 
the greatest Diligence. Charles Dutens. — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, March 4, 1751. 

Charles Dutens, Jeweller, continues his Business at 
Mrs. Eastham's House, near the Long-Bridge in Broad- 
Street ; where all Gentlemen and Ladies who shall please 
to Honour him with their Custom, may depend upon 
having all kind of Jeweller's Work done after the most 
neat, and newest Fashion, as one in London, and at very 
reasonable Rates. 

11 This advertisement follows a long philosophical discussion, in 
which Mr. Charles Dutens states that his "Intention is only to encourage 
Youth to make a good Choice in preferring Wisdom above all other 
Things." 



70 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Note. He has just imported from London, by 
Capt. Richards, some beautiful DiamondSparks Rubies, 
Saphires, Emeralds, Amethists Topaz, Granets to set in 
Hoop-Rings all round. Fancy, Rose Rings, and all sorts 
of Ear-Rings : He has likewise fine white and black for 
Mourning Rings, with Death Heads and Skeletons to put 
under; also Stones fit for Waistcoats and Sleeve Buttons 
of different Sorts. — The New-York Gazette Revived in 
the Weekly Post-Boy, June 3, 1751. 

Henry Hart, Jeweller, from London, Next door to 
Mr. Thurman's, in Crown-street, at the North-River, 
Has for sale all kinds of jewellery generally made by 
those of his profession, which he will dispose of at the 
most reasonable rates. Mourning rings made in the most 
elegant manner, and with the utmost dispatch. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, November 
28, 1774. 

Henry Hart, Jeweller, At the Bottom of Crown street, 
near the North River. Makes and Sells all kinds of 
Jewelry, viz. Stone Buckles, Bracelets, Lockets, for ladies, 
Stock shoe, and knee Buckles for gentlemen, Gold Seals, 
Mourning and Fancy Rings, with every other article of 
the branch done in the neatest Manner . . . — The New- 
York Journal or General Advertiser, March 9, 1775. 

Peter Lorin, Jeweller, is remov'd from Capt. Troup's 
House in New Street, to Mr. Peck's House in Crown- 
street; where all Gentlemen and Ladies who shall please 
to favour him with their Custom may depend on having 
any kind of Jeweller's Work done after the most neat and 
newest Fashion, at reasonable Prices. — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, May 13, 1751. 

John Mecom, on Rotten Row; A Few very neat Aqua 
marine white, green, red, black and blue Paste and garnet 
Earings and Necklaces, in the newest Taste; black and 
blue enamelled Earings and Necklaces, neat French 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 71 

ditto; French Fancy Rings with Rubies, Saphires, and 
Emeralds; Hoop, garnet, and Paste Fancy, Rings, Moco 
with garnet Clusters ditto; Fancy Garnet double Hearted 
ditto, single Hearted ditto. Garnet and Diamond Fancy 
Rings, twisted; garnet Rings, very neat Hair Sprigs, 
Heart Lockets, the most fashionable Paste and Stone 
Shoe, Knee, Neck and Shirt Buckles; very neat chas'd 
and plain mettal Watches, Silver and Tortise Shell 
Watches, Shagreen ditto. Ladies gilt metal and Steel 
Watch Chains, Hooks and Keys; the most fashionable 
CorneUan and Christal Fancy Seals, in gilt, metal, and 
Silver.— The New-York Mercury, May 23, 1763. 

John Mecom. — To be Sold, By John Mecom, Opposite 
The Whitehall Tavern, in Albany-street, New-Brunswick 
. . . gives long list of a general assortment of hardware, 
sadlery, ironmongery and cutlery . . . Said Mecom makes 
and sells all sorts of jewelers and goldsmiths ware ; those 
therefore that will favour him with their custom, may 
depend on being served on the most reasonable terms. — 
The New-York Mercury, April 29, 1765. 

John Mecom. — This is to give Notice to the Creditors 
of John Mecom, Jeweller, who died on Sunday the 30th 
of September last. That Catharine Mecom, his Widow, 
declining the Administration, is ready to deUver the 
Efifects and Estate he died possessed of, to the Creditors, 
or to any one that shall administer on the same; and 
that she would be glad to hear from them soon. 
Catharine Mecom. New Brunswick. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, October 8, 1770. 

Thomas Read. — Run away from the Subscriber, (John 
Inch) on Sunday the 3d. Instant, a Convict Servant 
Man, named, Thomas Read, ahas Culbert, by Trade, a 
Jeweller and Motto Ring Engraver; . . . — News item 
from Annapohs, Maryland, in The New-York Gazette, 
June 18, 1759. 



72 THE AKTS AND CRAPTS IN NEW YORK 

Thomas Richardson, Jeweller, lately from London 
having brought with him, and introduced into this City, 
Jewellery, and materials for his Business, which he ex- 
posed to sale and refused to store altho' the Committee 
of Merchants generously offered to raise a sum of Money 
for him, adequate to the loss he might sustain by the 
temporary storage of his goods; he was upon Tuesday 
last conducted to Liberty Pole, where, upon a Scaffold 
raised for that purpose, he pubHckly begged pardon for 
his misconduct, and agreed to store his Goods, upon 
which the numerous Company assembled upon that occa- 
sion quietly dispersed. — News item in The New-York 
Chronicle, September 14-21, 1769. 



Thomas Richardson, Jeweller and Silver Smith from 
London, Takes this opportunity to inform the pubhck 
in general, that he hath taken a shop of Mr. Gregg, at 
the Corner of the Fly-Market, in this City, where all 
sorts of jewellery and silver smith's work are made and 
sold wholesale and retail, considerable cheaper than hath 
been sold here; he hkewise repairs jeweller and silver 
smith's work in the neatest manner; gives cash for old 
gold or silver, diamonds, or any curious stones. Mourn- 
ing rings made on the shortest notice, and all favours 
gratefully acknowledged by your most humble Servant, 
Thomas Richardson. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, October 30, 1769. 

Thomas Richardson, Jeweller and Silver-Smith, At 
the lower End of Wall-street in this City, Takes this 
opportunity to inform the pubhck in general, that he 
is just arrived from London, and has fresh imported a 
great assortment of all sorts of jewellery, plated buckles 
and spurs, pinchbeck buckles, great choice of curious 
snuff boxes, chapes, watch chains, Singleton's Cock spurs, 
and a great many other articles too tedious to mention, 
which he will sell wholesale and retail, on the most 
reasonable terms, Gives ready money for old gold and 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 73 

silver, and beeswax. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, November 12, 1770. 

John Shaw. — The Subscriber would inform the Pub- 
he, that he continues to teach the Languages; as also 
some Branches in the Sciences and Mathematicks ; also 
the Enghsh Tongue gramatically ; in the House of Mr. 
John Shaw, Jeweller, in Elbow-Street, on Golden-Hill. 
. . . Thomas Ustick. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, March 16, 1772. 

John Shaw, Jeweller, Informs the PubHc in general, 
he has removed into Nassau-Street, near John-Street, at 
the Sign of the Crown, where he makes and mends, in 
the neatest Manner, and at the lowest Rates, all Sorts of 
Jeweller's Work in its various Branches: He also re- 
turns his humble Thanks to his former Customers for 
their kind Favours, and hopes he will meet with the 
Encouragement his Merit deserves in his Branch of 
Business. Likewise, Cyphers in Hair done for Lockets, 
Rings, &c. &c. &c. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, May 20, 1776. 

Whitehouse & Reeve, Jewellers from London, Beg 
leave to inform their friends and the pubUc in general, 
that they have taken the shop lately kept by Messrs. 
Robinson and Price, in WilUam-Street, commonly called 
Horse and Cart-Street, where they intend carrying on the 
above business in all its branches in the greatest perfec- 
tion, which we flatter ourselves we shall be capable of 
doing, as we have had the honour to serve a number of 
the first famihes of distinction in London. Any ladies 
or gentlemen that please to favour them with their com- 
mands may depend upon having them punctually obeyed, 
as it will always be their study to merit the favours of the 
public. 

N.B. We have lately imported from London, some of 
the most fashionable patterns for ladies paste shoe- 
buckles, which they may depend upon being made in the 



74 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

neatest manner. Any work we recommend we will engage 
to keep in repair two years free from expence. — Riving^ 
ton's New-York Gazetteer, September 29, 1774. 

Whitehousb & Reeve. — . . . have engaged a person 
from London, that understands the art of working hair 
in sprigs, birds, figures, cyphers, crests of arms, war- 
ranted equal to any done in London. Engraving in all 
its branches done in the neatest manner. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 2, 1775. 

Whitehouse & Reeve. — Whereas a verbal agreement 
of partnership, has been carried on between John White- 
house, and Mr. Reevs, [sic], jewellers of William Street, 
New York, this is to inform the public, that said partner- 
ship is dissolved ; all persons indebted to said partnership, 
are desired to pay the same to John Whitehouse ... — 
The New^York Journal or General Advertiser, May 4, 
1775. 

Miscellaneous Silver and Jewelry 

Girdle Buckle. — Lately lost a Gold Girdle Buckle, 
set round with small diamonds, whoever has found it, 
and will bring it to the Pointer hereof shall be very well 
Rewarded. If it is sold or pawn'd the Money shall be 
returned. N.B. One of the Diamonds is lost. — The New- 
York Weekly Journal, April 15, 1734. 

Masonic Emblems. — Taken Out of the House of Mr. 
Todd, a small Silver Square, a Level, a Plumb-Rule, and 
Silver Pen, and other Utensils belonging to the Lodge 
of Free Masons in New- York, Whoever brings them to 
the Printer hereof shall be handsomely rewarded, and no 
Questions ask'd. — The New-York Weekly Journal, No- 
vember 14, 1737. 

Snuff Box. — Lost or Stolen an Oval Snuff Box, with 
a Hinge, marked E P, Whoever brings it to the Printer 
shall be well rewarded and no Questions ask'd. If offered 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 75 

to be Sold or Pawn'd pray stop it. — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, January 2, 1738. 

Snuff Mill. — Lost or Mislaid a Silver Snuff Mill who- 
ever brings it to the Printer hereof shall be very well 
rewarded. — The New-York Weekly Journal, April 3, 1738. 

Bowl. — Lost, or Taken from the House of Moses Tay- 
lor, at the Old-Slip, a few days ago, a Silver quart Bowl 
marked I. V. B. . . . twenty shillings reward. — The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, August 
12, 1751. 

Sentence of Death for Stealing Silver (Philaxiel- 
phia). — Friday last Trial of John Webster Came on, 
when he was indicted and found guilty of breaking open 
the Dwelhng House of Mr. William Clemm of this City 
on the 24th of September 1750, in the Night; and taking 
from thence a Silver Tea-pot and tea-spoon ; upon which 
he received the Sentence of Death. — News item from 
Philadelphia in The New-York Gazette Revived in the 
Weekly Post-Boy, April 27, 1752. 

Tankards. — Stolen, between the 24th and 25th inst. 
May, at Night, from John Pell, Esq; in the Manor of 
Pellham, in the Country of West-Chester, four Silver 
Tankards, one being mark'd T. A. P. one I. A. H. and two 
I. H. P. one Silver Mugg, mark'd I. R. P. one Silver Tea- 
pot, and one Silver Sword, to the Value of Ninety Pounds 
. . . Reward of Thirty Pounds paid by John Pell. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, June 6, 
1757. 

Coffee Pot. — Stolen out of the Dwelling House of 
John Tabor Kempe, of this City, Esq; A large Silver 
Coffee-Pot, holding about a Quart, but [sic] a Table 
Spoon; the Coffee-Pot had no other Mark but the 
Stamps, and had a Dent on the Back Part of the Lid, 
where the same had fallen back on the Handle in open- 



76 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

ing; The Spoon was marked with a Falcon standing on 
a Wheat-Sheaf; Any Person stopping the same, if offerd 
for Sale, or apprehending, or discovering the Thief, so 
that he may be apprehended, shall be well rewarded by 
J. T. Kempe. N.B. It is imagined the same may be 
carried in the Country in order to be melted up. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, January 7, 
1760. 

Tankard. — Whereas a Three Pint Silver Tankard, 
marked on the Handle with the Letters E. L. and T. at 
Top, and having the Handle of the Lid, by which it is 
open'd formed in the Figure of a Lion was on Monday 
last, about Two o'clock in the Afternoon, in Smith- 
Street, near my Door, opposite to Messrs Lot and Low's 
Store, taken by Force from a Negro Girl . . . Five Pound 
York Money Reward by Edward Tittle. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, November 27, 1760. 

Horse Race. — To be Run for, on Tuesday the first of 
June next, at the Beaver Pond, in Jamaica, A Silver 
Bowl, Value Twenty Pounds, free for any Horse, Mare, 
or Gelding, the best of Three two Mile Heats, Paying 
Two Dollars Entrance, or double at the Post. . . . — The 
New-York Gazette, May 31, 1762. 

Silver Plate (Philadelphia). — The Dwelhng-House 
of Thomas Clifford was broke open last Night, from 
whence was stolen, ^^ and taken away. One Silver Tank- 
ard, One Ditto Tea Pot, one Ditto Quart Bowl, six Ditto 
Porringers, one Ditto Sugar Pot and Cover, one Ditto 
Water, one Ditto Pepper Box, two Ditto Salts, one Ditto 
Soup Ladle, two Ditto Half-pint Tumbelers, one Ditto 
Cream Pot, eight Ditto Table Spoons, one Pair Tea 

C. 
Tongs, and four Tea Spoons; all marked T. A. One 
large Silver Pint Can, one Table Spoon, six Tea Spoons, 

12 The thief waa later captured and sentenced to death according to 
a Philadelphia news item in The New-York Mercury, May 14, 1764. 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 77 

marked E. C. One Silver two handle Caudle Cup, marked 

G. 
T. R. One large Cream Pot, no Mark, two Table 

M. 
Spoons marked I. R. One Custard Spoon, marked 
E. G. One Pair of Mens Silver Shoe Buckles, and one 
Pair of Knee Ditto . . . Thomas Clifford. — News item 
from Philadelphia, February 28th, in The New-York 
Mercury, March 5, 1764. 

Imported Silver Plate. — Just imported by Captain 
Jacobson, from London, and to be sold at the House of 
Francis Cooley, on Golden-Hill, a Variety of neat chas'd 
silver coffee pots with cases; tea cannisters with do. 
sugar or tea tongs, and spoons, great choice of silver shoe 
and knee and stock buckles; soUd buttons, clasp and 
watch chains, chas'd corrals, christal shoe, knee and stock 
buckles, stay hooks, and buttons, do. gold buttons set 
with mocco and garnets, gold seals, shirt buckles, lockets, 
mocco and enameFd sleeve buttons, double gilt do. very 
best coat and breast buttons, gilt and plated; great 
variety of silver watches, rich chas'd and gilt pinch-beck 
do, with tortise and shagreen cases; a variety of cristal, 
garnet, and diamond rings, gilt buckles and common do. 
plated and steel spurs; neat temple spectacles, paper 
boxes, toothpick cases, steel chains and silk strings for 
watches ; a small parcel of augers, by the best makers in 
Birmingham, warranted; watches glased inside, chains 
and springs, hands and keys, and enameled dial plates, 
a neat eight day clock, a neat japan'd case. — The New- 
York Mercury, April 29, 1765. 

Tant^ard. — Stolen out of the House of the Subscriber, 
at the Ferry at Brooklyn, on Long-Island, the 9th Inst, 
a Three Pint Silver Tankard, with an Enghsh Half 
Guinea on the Lid. Whoever will return the Tankard, 
shall have Three Pounds Reward, and no Questions 
asked, paid by Francis Koffler. — The New-York Mercury, 
January 27, 1766. 



78 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Shooting Contest. — To the Lovers of Shooting. To 
be shot for at Mr. Miller's, at Corleir's Hook, on Shrove 
Tuesday next. Three Prizes, Viz. One HaK-pint Silver 
Mug, Value 7 1 One Silver Shoe and Knee-buckles at 
3 1. and one stone Ring at 2 1. Each Member paying 
One Dollar at signing his Name, and to have three Shots 
with Ball. The Articles to be seen at the aforesaid Mr, 
Miller's. 

N.B. For Supper will be provided a Leg of Mutton 
and Turnips, boiled, out of Curiosity, in a Butter Firkin. 
To begin shooting exactly at One o'clock. — The New- 
York Mercury, February 3, 1766. 

Snuff Box. — Lost, or left on one of the Pews in the 
Presbyterian Meeting House, an oval Silver Snuff-Box, 
with a Mother-o'pearl Top, mark'd with the Letters 

G. 
T. C. Whoever has found it, and will bring it to the 
Printer hereof, shall have Five ShilHngs Reward. Also 
mist out of a House, a large Family Silver Spoon, 

M. 
marked C. C. The same Reward will be given for 
it as the Box, by bringing it to the Printer . . . — The 
New-York Mercury, March 3, 1766. 

Mourning Ring. — Found in the Broad-Way ... A 
Mourning Ring, with a stone in the Top in the Form of 
a Cofl&n . . . — The New-York Mercury, January 4, 1768. 

Semi-Precious Stones. — ^We can assure the public, 
that Millstones and Grindstones equal if not superior to 
British, are now to be had among ourselves, in such 
quantities as will discourage any import of the latter; 
and that our Lappadaries may soon be supply'd with 
Berryl's, Topaz, Amethysts, Garnets, Christals, &c. found 
in New England; Samples of the several sorts in the 
Rough having been shewn upon Change, and several 
Rings imbellished with the same sorts cut here, have 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 79 

been sold to Gentlemen of taste, who esteem them not 
inferior to what is imported from England. 

The present spirit of the people in the colonies to 
invent and promote manufactures, is such, and the late 
discoveries so many and important, as may lead into 
hope providence intends great things in some future time 
for this present distressed and burthened continent. — 
News item from Boston in The New York Gazette Ex- 
traordinary,^^ February 4, 1768. 

Silver Plate of Capt. Joseph Ryall. — To-morrow 
Morning, will be sold at Public Vendue, all the House- 
hold and Kitchen Furniture, Plate, and China of the late 
Capt. Joseph Ryall, deceased, at his House, near the 
Merchant's Coffee-House ; amongst which are . . . Silver 
Tankards, Sugar-cups, Sauce-boats, Candlesticks, Spice- 
Box, Chafing-dishes, Castors, Sauce-boats, Spoons, Forks, 
Salts, China Tureens, Dishes, Plates, Bowls, Jarrs, Mugs, 
Cups and Saucers &c. &c. &c. — The New^York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, July 11, 1768. 

Jewelry. — Mr. Nicholas Guyon, Native of the Island 
of Rhe, near Rochelle, in Old France, proposes to 
follow the Business of a Broker, in French, Dutch and 
Enghsh : He lodges at Mr. Joseph Colley's, at the Edin- 
burgh Castle, on the New-Dock and will transact all 
Business in his Way with the greatest Secrecy, Fidelity 
and Dispatch. He has to sell, a neat assortment of 
Jewellery, consisting of the neatest Pinchbeck Buckles, 
and other Buckles of different kinds, Trinkets for Ladies 
and Gentlemen, Watches, with Steel Seals, Pinchbeck 
Rings wash'd with Gold, of several Sizes, Pinchbeck com- 
pass Seals Sleeve Buttons, which will be sold at the 
lowest Prices. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, April 12, 1770. 

Silversmith's Tools. — A Compleat Set of Silver 
Smith's Tools, to be sold by William Ustick, At the Sign 

18 The titles of a few issues of The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy were changed to The New-York Gazette Extraordinary. 



80 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

of the Lock and Key, between Burling's and Beekman's 
Slip. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
February 18, 1771. 

Seal. — Dropt in the Street sometime in the Month of 
December, a Gold Seal, CorneUan Stone, with the two 
Letters C. A. engraved thereon. There was fasten to it. 
Part of a Steel Chain, and a Watch Key. Should it have 
been found by any honest Person it is hoped he will bring 
it to the Printer hereof, and a Reward of Three Dollars 
will be given to the Finder. — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, March 25, 1771. 

Silver Plate. — Stolen, Out of the House of Ennis 
Graham, One Silver Pint Mug, marked G. E. S. one 
Silver Porringer marked S. G. E. three Silver Table 
Spoons, one marked G. E. S. the other two Marks un- 
known. If any of the above Things are offered for Sale 
the Person to whom offered are desired to stop them. — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, April 
8, 1771. 

Silver Plated Ware. — Sold very cheap, by Benjamin 
Davis, in Dock-Street, Consisting of tea kettles, coffee- 
pots, tankards, and mugs, pillar'd candlesticks, bottle 
stands, castors, salts, knives and forks, also japaned tea 
boards, and oval pewter dishes and tureens, and sundry 
cutlery ware . . . — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, July 8, 1771. 

Snuff Box. — Was lost out of a gentlemen's pocket 
some time ago, a leather japan'd snuff box, with a Scotch 
peble set in silver on the top. Whoever has found the 
same, and will deUver it to the printer hereof, shall 
receive Two Dollars reward, which is more than its value. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 
8, 1771. 

Punch Ladle. — Stolen On Wednesday the 21st In- 
stant, (August) from Mary Airey, living at the Corner 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 81 

of King and Smith Streets, three Silver Table Spoons, 
and a Silver crooked handled Punch Ladle, the Bowl of 
which is in the Form of a Scallop Shell; one of the 
Spoons is marked M*W, the other two and the Ladle, 
with a Cock having a Sprig in his Bill, on the back of 
the Handles. Any Person to whom the said Goods may 
be offered to Sale, or who may otherwise see or hear of 
them, are desired to stop them, and endeavour to secure 
the Thief, giving her Notice, who will make a thankful 
and proper Acknowledgment. — The New-York Journal 
or General Advertiser, August 22, 1771. 

Horse Race. — To Be Run For, Round the course at 
Morris Town, and to be won by the best of three two 
mile heats; a Silver Tankard of Twenty Pounds value. 
. . . — The N em-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
October 7, 1771. 

Mugs. — Ten Guineas Reward. Stolen from Fort- 
George, on Tuesday Evening, two Half Pint Silver Mugs 
with Handles, having his Excellency the Governor's Coat 
of Arms engraved on each. The above Reward will be 
given on recovering them, and conviction of the Offender. 
— The New-York Journal, June 17, 1773 {Supplement). 

Silver Plate. — Ten Pound Reward. On Thursday the 
25th ult. was broke open the house of Samuel Henry, in 
Trenton, New-Jersey, and sundry pieces of plate stolen 
out of the same, viz. One half gallon tankard, marked 
S. H. cypher; one quart do. one pint cann, marked as 
above; one tea pot and stand, marked I. P. cypher; two 

R. 
salt cellars; one large soup spoon, marked R. M. one 

H. 
punch ladle; and one punch strainer, marked S. M. 
Whoever secures the thief and plate, shall receive the 
above reward from the subscriber. Samuel Henry — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 10, 
1774. 



82 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Tankard. — Five Pounds Reward. Taken away from 
a House in this city, a Silver Tankard, mark'd T. B. on 
the Handle, on the End of which is engraved the Head of 
a Man, with a Wig. Whoever will return the Tankard, 
shall have the above Reward paid by Hugh Gaine. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, August 8, 
1774. 

Jeweller's Materials. — John Richardson, At his store 
in Cortlandt-street opposite Mr. John Leary's, Has just 
imported in the ship Samson, Capt. Coupar, (which he 
will dispose of on good terms) a large and neat assort- 
ment of jewellery, jeweller's materials, good choice of 
watch materials, seals, chains, silk strings, keys, an ele- 
gant assortment of plated shoe, knee, and stock buckles, 
on pinchbeck, copper and steel; steel, metal, and pinch- 
beck stone buckles, good scales and weights in neat 
japan'd boxes, cases with razors compleat, best shoe and 
knee chapes, plated snaffle and Pellom's bridle bitts, fine 
guns mounted with tooth and egg, silver mounted pistols, 
good choice of common sleeve buttons, steel cork screws, 
temple spectacles, polished steel spring snuffers, and jobo 
boxes, with several articles, wholesale and retail. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, November 
7, 1774. 

Sword. — Lost or Stolen. Some time since, a Silver 
Hilted Sword with Abraham Livingston's name cut on 
the blade. Any person that will return it to the Printer, 
shall receive Twenty ShilUngs reward. — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, May 18, 1775. 

Buckles. — On Sunday July 30th, the house of the 
subscriber was broken open and robbed of sundry articles, 
viz. a silver punch ladle with a mahogany handle, marked 
on the bottom R. C. a large table spoon, mark unknown ; 
a pair of silver shoe buckles, 1 pair marked R. C. and 
1 P. C. S., an odd ditto marked J. S., 2 pair of silver 
carved knee buckles, 6 silver tea spoons, 6 old do. do. one 



SILVER AND JEWELRY 83 

of them marked M. C. a stone box in the form of a prayer 
book. . . . Richard Cornish. — The New-York Journal or 
General Advertiser, August 3, 1775. 

Snuff Box. — Lost, Some Day this Week, a Snuff Box, 
Made of Paper Machee, hned with Tortoishell, had a 
Female Figure, and two Boys painted on the Lid: the 
Painting much abused; a neat Circle of pierced Work 
round the Picture. Whoever will bring it to the Quarter 
Master, or Assistant Quarter Master General's OfiSce, 
shall receive Four Dollars for their Trouble. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, August 5, 1776. 



PORCELAIN, POTTERY AND EARTHENWARE 

Potters 

Edward Annely. — Any Gentlemen or others, desirous 
of adorning their Gardens, Tops of their Houses, or 
Doors &c. with Flower Pots, Incense Pots, Urns, Vases 
or any other Ornament capable of being made with Clay, 
may be supplied by Edward Annely, near the Fly- 
Market, he having set up the Potter's Business, by Means 
of a Family of Germans he bought, supposed by their 
Work, to be the most ingenious in that Trade, that ever 
arrived in America, at his Estate at Whitestone, where 
he has Clay capable of making eight different sorts of 
Earthen Ware, a large Quantity of various kinds being 
already made, fitting to be baked, which will be soon. — 
The New-York Gazette, Revived in the Weekly Post- 
Boy, May 20, 1751. 

John Campbell, Potter, At the upper end of the 
Broadway, opposite the Negroes Burying-Ground, Has 
set up the business of making pantile, and will warrant 
them to be better than any imported from England or 
Holland, at 21. 10s. per thousand; also continues making 
what is called Philadelphia earthen ware of the best 
quality, and will sell on the lowest terms for Cash, whole- 
sale and retail. All Merchants and shopkeepers shall 
have their's delivered without any expence, to any part 
of the town. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, May 
19, 1774. 

Jonathan Durell. — Philadelphia Earthern-Ware, 
Now manufacturing, and to be sold at that well known 
house, called Keechemet's mead-house, about mid-way 
between the New city-hall, and the Tea- water pump, on 

84 



PORCELAIN AND POTTERY 85 

the left hand side of the road as you go out of the city ; 
Where city and country store-keepers may be supplied 
with any quantity of said ware, at reasonable rates; the 
ware is far superior to generality, and equal to the best 
of any imported from Philadelphia, or elsewhere, and 
consists of butter, water, pickle, oyster and chamber pots, 
milk pans of several sizes; jugs of several sizes; quart 
and pint mugs, quart, pint and half pint bowls of various 
colours ; porringers, and smaller cups of different shapes ; 
striped and clouded dishes of divers colours, pudding and 
wash hand basons, with sauce pans, and a variety of 
other sorts of ware, too tedious to particularise, by the 
manufacturer late from Philadelphia. Jonathan Durell. 
The purchaser of twenty shillings or upwards, may de- 
pend on having it delivered to any part of this city 
without charge. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, March 15, 1773. 

Samuel Hale. — Run away the 14th Day of June last 
from Samuel Hale of the City of Philadelphia, Potter a 
Servant man, Edward Pain by trade a potter . . . — The 
New-York Gazette, June 24-July 1, 1734. 

Christopher Leffingwell & Thomas Williams. — 
Wanted at the new earthenware manufactory, in Nor- 
wich in Connecticut, New-England, two throwers, or 
wheelmen, for which good encouragement will be 
given by the proprietors. Christopher Leffingwell, 
Thomas Williams. 

Said Lefl&ngwell will also give good encouragement to 
one or more young men (paper makers) to work in his 
mill in said Norwich. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, June 10, 1771. 

Potter. — Wanted, A Potter. A Sober well behaved 
Man, who understands the Potter's Business, may hear 
of good Encouragement by appljdng to the Printer at the 
Exchange. — The New-York Journal or the General Ad- 
vertiser, January 15, 1767. 



86 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

China and Glass Menders 

James Byers. — Broken China and Glass, Riveted in 
the very neatest and best Manner, and warranted to hold, 
at the low Price of Nine-Pence per Rivet, by the Sub- 
scriber, living in Wall-street, opposite to Mr. Abraham 
Lynsen's. James Byers. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, January 14, 1771. 

Jacob Da Costa, In Batteau-Street, a little above the 
Oswego-Market, Gives notice to all Gentlemen and 
Ladies in this city or country, who have, or may have in 
their houses any broken China or glass of any sort, that 
they may have it mended in the neatest manner ever seen 
in this City, either by riveting or a cement so strong and 
durable, that it may be used either in heat or cold with- 
out separating or loosening the joints. He also mends all 
sorts of marble or china furniture, such as is used for 
ornamenting Chimney pieces, chest of drawers, &c. He 
mends the necks of decanters that have been broken, 
and some of the pieces lost, cuts them even and makes 
them fit for use, likewise hoops glass and china mugs 
that have been cracked, and makes them as strong and 
useful as ever. He also mends Lady's fans. — The New- 
York Journal or General Advertiser, October 12, 1769. 

Nathaniel Lane. — To the Public in general this 
Notice is given. That I Nathaniel Lane, at my House in 
Warren-street, undertake to mend all Kinds of broken 
china, Delft, Glass, &c. on the most reasonable Terms. 
It is likewise to be observ'd, that if his Work gives Way, 
he will as often mend gratis. — The New-York Gazette, 
January 31, 1763. 

Nathaniel Lane. — Broken China & Glass, Mended 
and riveted in the neatest Manner and on the most 
reasonable Terms, by Nathaniel Lane, near Major 
James's. The Price of the Rivets, he finding the Silver is 
2s. each if the Silver is found Is. each Rivet, if Brass, is 



PORCELAIN AND POTTERY 87 

Is. if white metal 6d. — The New-York Journal or the 
General Advertiser, July 9, 1767. 

James Walker, from London. To be heard of at the 
Sign of the Ship aground, near the White Hall SUp. 
Mends broken China in the neatest and strongest Man- 
ner, with Rivets and Cramps, and where Pieces are want- 
ing in broken Bowls, suppUes the Defects; and makes 
Spouts and Handles to Tea-pots, in the same Manner as 
done in the East-Indies. Likewise he has a new and 
neat Method of riming and Sewing China; All which he 
performs at the cheapest Rates. — The New-York Gazette 
or the Weekly Post-Boy, November 20, 1760. 

Sellers of Porcelain, Pottery and Earthenware 
George Ball. — Imported . . . 

Burnt China. 

Tureens with dishes, Sugar dishes and cream jugs, 

Large cups and saucers. Breakfast plates, 

Lesser do. do. Tea pots, several sizes, 

Lesser do. do. Tea-table sets complete, 

Bowls of several sizes, Flowers jars of several sizes. 
Mugs of do. do. 

Blue and white China. 

Two quart bowls, 3 sizes of cups and saucers. 

Three pint do. Coffee cups and saucers. 

One Quart, pint, and half Butter tubs and stands 

pint mugs of several sizes Tea pots and spoonboats. 

Tea pots large and small. Salt cellars, 

Plates, two sizes, Pudding dishes. 

Sugar dishes and cream jugs, Sets of jars for flowers, 

Pencil'd China. 
Sauce boats, two sizes. Pint mugs. 

Cups and saucers, with handles, Half pint ditto, 

Sugar dishes and cream jugs. Pint basons, 

Tea pots, two sizes. Tea pot stands, with spoon boats, 

Butter and cake plates. Odd cups and saucers. 

The New-York Journal or General Advertiser, August 3, 
1775. 



88 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Anthony L. Bleecker. — To be sold at Anthony L. 
Bleecker's ... 1 Table, and 2 tea table set Burnt China. 
1 Dozen very handsome caudle cups and saucer, Several 
large bowls, dishes, plates, and other pieces. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 13, 
1772. 

Breese & Hoffman. — Just imported, and to be Sold, 
by Breese & Hoffman in Wall-Street, India China, 
enamelled and blue and white Bowls, Caudle Cups, &c. 
Sets of Table China, blue and white Cups and Saucers, 
with small Sets of Service China, Nankin China Mugs, 
Salt Cellars, &c. &c. . . . — The New-York Journal or 
General Advertiser, January 8, 1767. 

Charles Oliver Bruff. — C. 0. Bruff, Goldsmith and 
Jeweller . . . likewise has opened a shop of earthen 
ware and china, and sells tea, sugar, coffee, pepper, rice, 
nutmegs, cinnamon, cloves, and mace ; his shop is on the 
right hand side of the door in going into the house ; and 
as there is two shops in the house, I have a board wrote 
on for a distinction . . . — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, January 1, 1770. 

Davies and Minnitt, at their Glass, China and 
Earthen-Ware Store, Between Beekman's and Peck's- 
Shps, formerly kept by Lambert Garrison, sell all sorts 
of plain and cut glasses; also China of all sorts, and 
cream colour, stone, delf, Nottingham, black and other 
earthern-ware, of which they purpose keeping up an 
assortment, both for city and country consumption, and 
hope for a continuance of their friends' Custom. 

Country orders carefully supplied and well packt up, 
and also for going abroad, on the lowest terms, for cash 
or short credit. — The New-York Journal, January 2, 
1772. 

Davies and Minnett,^ . . . have imported ... a great 
variety of gilt and plain cream coloured ware, red china 

1 Another form of spelling for Minnitt. 



PORCELAIN AND POTTERY 89 

tea pots and flower pots, china bowls and cups and 
saucers of all sorts, with a usual assortment of cream, 
aggitt, delf, black and white stone ware, and crates of 
flat and hollow ware for country consumption . . . — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 11, 
1772. 

Lambert Garrison. — On Monday Morning about 5 
o'clock, great Quantities of thick black Smoak, were 
observed to issue violently from the House of Mr. Lam- 
bert Garrison, seller of Earthen Ware, on Cromlyn's 
Dock . . . — News item in The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, May 14, 1770. 

James Gilliland. — A most curious and useful Assort- 
ment of Stone, Delft and Glass Ware, is just open'd and 
now selling on the very lowest Terms by James Gilliland, 
at his Earthen and Glass Ware House, in the Wall 
Street. N.B. Good Encouragement will be given to those 
who take large Quantities, and he will take Produce, or 
Connecticut Bills of Credit, in immediate Payment, or 
give Time to those who buy to sell again. He has also 
a few boxes of best Chocolate, and some choice dript 
Candles, which he will sell very cheap for ready money .^ 
—The New-York Gazette, April 4, 1763. 

Groves and Stonehouse, at their Store, opposite Mr. 
Elias Degrushe, near the Ship-Yards, Has for Sale . . . 
all kinds of Delph and Stone Ware, yellow Dishes by the 
Crates; Corks, Loaf Sugar, and Lump do . . . — The 
New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, March 24, 
1768. 

James & Arthur Jarvis, at their Glass and Earthen 
Store . . . sells among other things ... a compleat assort- 
ment of cream colour, stone, Nottingham, delf and other 
earthen-ware. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, January 6, 1772. 

2 A list of James Gilliland 's wares is contained in The New-York 
Mercury, April 4, 1763. 



90 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Keeling and Morris. . . . Moves and sells stock . . . 
Table plates and Dishes, both of the oval and round 
Shape, black Tea-pots, Milk-pots, Mugs and Bowls of all 
Sizes; Tortois Table Plates and Dishes of the neatest 
Patterns; green and Tortois Tea-pots, Milk-pots, Bowls, 
and Cups and Saucers; Venis Flower Faces both green 
and white; Glass Quart, Pint, and Half-Pint Decanters, 
Wine Glasses, &c. &c. Enameled Stone Tea-pots, Milk- 
pots, Mugs, Bowls and Cups and Saucers of all Sizes . . . 
—The New-York Gazette, August 2, 1762. 

Andrew Marschalk. — A Few very neat Scripture and 
Landskip Chimney Tiles. Also Boston ditto, for Oven 
Floors, and Hearths, to be sold, by Andrew Marschalk, 
on Cannon's-Dock. — The New-York Mercury, December 
17, 1764. 

P M'Daviit.— To be sold at P. M'Davitt's Ven- 

due-House ... a box of China, pint, quart, and ^ 
gallon bowls burnt and blue and white; chocolate cups 
and saucers, sugar dishes with covers, tea cups and 
saucers . . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, January 27, 1772. 

John Morton. — At his Store in Dock-Street, between 
Coenties Market, and the Exchange, has just received per 
the Hope, Capt. Benjamin Davis, from London, a fine 
Assortment of China, viz. Table Sets of long, octagon, 
and round Dishes, compleat; very fine Tea-Table Sets, 
Compleat; half Pint Basons, with Handles and Saucers; 
Breakfast Cups and Saucers with or without Handles; 
Tea Pots; Milk Pots; Sugar Dishes; Fruit, Sallad, and 
Pudding ditto; Quart and Pint Mugs; blue and white 
and enamel'd Bowls, from half a Pint to 12 Quarts each; 
Dishes and Plates ; Jars and Beckers, &c. &c. — The New- 
York Gazette, September 8, 1766. 

Edward Nicoll. — To be Sold by Edward Nicoll, on 
the New-Dock, next Door to Philip Livingston, Esq; 



PORCELAIN AND POTTERY 91 

Crates Common yellow Ware both cups and Dishes, 
Crates white Stone Cups and Saucers, Crates of blue and 
white, Cups and Saucers, Crates white ware. Crates of 
blue and white, Crates of black, crates of Tortise Shell, 
and crates of red Ware, all well sorted ; Crates of Pocket- 
Bottles, Boxes of Glass, consisting of Wine Glasses, Salts, 
Sugar Dishes, Cream-Pots, and Tumblers, Tierces and 
Hogsheads of Delph Ware, consisting of Punch Bowls, 
Plates, Dishes, Tea-Cups, and Saucers, with a large and 
good Assortment of Earthen Ware and Glasses, and a 
Parcel of fine white Mosaic Dishes, and Plates, by Retail, 
Muscovado Sugar, and choice good old Jamaica Rum, by 
the Hogshead or 5 Gallons, at 5s 6 Per Gallon. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, February 
14, 1757. 

Jonas Phillips. — To be sold by Jonas Phillips, in 
Stone-Street, A Choice parcel of black and red Phila- 
delphia Earthen Ware, sorted in crates fit for town or 
country shop keepers . . . — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, September 7, 1772. 

Rhinelander. — To be sold at Rhinelander's Store 
. . . china ware, blue and white cups and saucers of all 
sizes; burnt and enamel'd ditto; blue and white sugar 
dishes & milk pots; burnt and enamel'd ditto; blue and 
white tea setts compleat; burnt and enamel'd ditto; blue 
and white table setts ditto; blue and white bowls of 
different sizes; burnt and enamel'd ditto, from half a 
pint to two gallons . . . — Rivington's New York Gazet- 
teer, January 13, 1774. 

Henry Wilmot. — Ornamental China. The greatest 
variety of ornamental china, consisting of groups, sets, 
figures, pairs and jars, just opened, and to be sold at a 
very low advance, by Henry Wilmot, in Hanover-Square 
. . . — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
December 3, 1770. 



GLASS 
Glass Houses 

LoDEwiCK Bamper. — All Persons that have Demands 
on the Company of the Glass-House at New Windsor,^ 
are desired to bring in their Accounts to Lodewick 
Bamper, in New York, as speedy as possible, in order to 
have them adjusted by the said Company. Said Bamper 
has also to sell, a Parcel of choice good Molasses, and 
New- York Rum by the Hogshead. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, July 7, 1755. 

Lodewick Bamper. — Run away from the Owners of 
the Glass-House at New- Windsor, on Wednesday the 
4th Instant. A German Servant Man named Christian 
Medsher . . . Whoever takes up the said Servant and 
secures him, or deUvers him to the Subscriber, shall have 
Three Pounds Reward, and all reasonable Charges paid 
by Lodewick Bamper. — The N em-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, July 7, 1755. 

Nicholas Bayard & Matthew Ernest. — This is to 
inform the Publick, That the new erected Glass-House 
at Newfoundland, within four Miles of this City; is now 
at Work, and that any Gentlemen may be supply'd with 
Bottles, Flasks, or any sort of Glass agreeable to their 
Directions. 

N.B, Any Persons that has Oak Wood to dispose of 
by bringing it to the above-mentioned Place, will receive 
the New- York Price upon Delivery, by Matthew Ernest. 
— The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, Octo- 
ber 30, 1758. 

1 Johanes Will, pewterer, advertised that he sold glass ware manu- 
factured at the Glass House in New Windsor. — The New-York Gazette 
or the Weekly Post-Boy, September 27, 1756. See the chapter on 
"Pewter." 

92 



GLASS 93 

Nicholas Bayard & Matthew Ernest. — To be Sold, 
the Glass House,- Out-Houses, and all the Implements 
belonging thereto, about four Miles from this City. For 
further Particulars Enquire of Nicholas Bayard, or Mat- 
thew Ernest. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, July 22, 1762. 

Braintree, Massachusetts. — Tuesday last a Ship 
arrived here from Holland, with about 300 Germans, 
Men, Women and Children, some of whom are going to 
settle at Germantown (a part of Braintree) and the 
others in the Eastern Parts of this Province. 'Tis said 
about 40 Children were born during the Passage. Among 
the Artificers come over in this Ship, there are a Number 
of Men Skilled in making of Glass; and a House proper 
for carrying on that useful Manufacture, will be erected 
at Germantown as soon as possible. — Boston news item 
in The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post- 
Boy, October 2, 1752. 

Thomas Lepper. — Notice is Hereby Given, That there 
is to be sold by Thomas Lepper,^ Store-keeper to the 
Glass House Company, living at their Store on the late 
Sir Peter Warren's Dock, at the North River, near Mr. 
Peter Mesiers, all sorts of Bottles from 1 Quart to 3 
Gallons and upwards, as also a Variety of other Glass 
Ware too tedious to mention, all at reasonable Rates; 
and all Gentlemen that wants Bottles of any size with 
their Names on them, or any Chymical Glasses, or any 

2 Notice of the opening of the Glass House (also known as New- 
foundland), for public entertainment, waa given in The New-York Gazette, 
May 23, 1763. John Taylor, New York upholsterer, took over the 
Glass House for the purpose of opening a tavern {The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Mercury, June 13, 1768, Supplement), and ran 
a stage coach to the Glass House for his patrons. (The New-York 
Gazette, August 8, 1768.) In the following years the Glass House was 
advertised for rent at frequent intervals. See The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, May 10, 1773; Rivington's New-York Gazet- 
teer, May 12, 1774; The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
March 20, 1775, Supplement. 

3 Thomas Lepper had a tavern opposite the Merchant's Coffee House 
and at the Ferry House on Staten Island. — The New-York Gazette 
Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, November 19, 1750. 



94 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

other sort of Glass Ware, by applying to said Lepper, 
have them made with all Expedition. N.B. Said Lepper 
gives ready Money for Ashes, and old Window Glass. — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, October 
14, 1754. 

Garrit Rapalje. — Broken Flint Glass, single or double 
is wanted, and if brought by any Persons to Garrit 
Rapalje, shall receive for the same Two Pence per Pound. 
As it is intended again to be worked up here, at a new 
Glass-House, it is hoped all Lovers of American Manu- 
facture will encourage what is in their Power, and par- 
ticularly on this Instance save, collect and send such 
broken Glass as above directed. N.B. No Duties Here: 

There is also wanted at said Glass House, a Person 
that is thoroughly acquainted with the Process of making 
Red Lead ; he will meet with good Encouragement at the 
said Manufactory. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, October 9, 1769. 

Henry William Stiegel. — American Flint Glass, Is 
now made at the factory in Manheim, in Lancaster 
County, [Pennsylvania] equal in quaUty with any im- 
ported from Europe, where all merchants, store-keepers 
and others, may be supplied on very reasonable terms; 
and as the proprietor of those works well knows the 
patriotic spirit of the Americans, he flatters himself they 
will encourage the manufactories of their own country, 
and hopes to be favoured with their orders for Flint 
Glass, and begs leave further to assure them, that what- 
ever commands he may receive, shall, with great punctu- 
ahty and dispatch, be executed. Wholesale dealers may 
expect proper allowance or abatement, on buying large 
quantities. Patterns and orders will be received (and 
forwarded to the manufactory) at Philadelphia, at the 
London Coffee House, and by Isaac Melchor in Second- 
street, at Lancaster by Paul Zantzinger, at York Town, 
by Mr. George Stake, and at Baltimore by Mr. John 
Little. N: B. A glass-cutter and flowerer, on appUca- 



GLASS 95 

tion, will meet with good encouragement at said manu- 
factory. Henry William Stiegel. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 29, 1771. 

Henry William Stiegel. — American Flint Glass 
Store, Removed from the store kept by Mr. Henry Wm. 
Stiegel, near the Exchange, to the store of James and 
Arthur Jarvis, between Burling and Beekman's Slips, 
in the Fly; who have for sale of the American manu- 
facture, quart, pint, and half pint decanters; pint, half 
pint, gill, and half gill, flint and common tumblers; 
carrosts, enamel'd, mason, and common wine glasses; 
jelly and cillabub glasses, with and without handles; 
mustard and cream pots, flint and common; salts, salt 
hnings, and crewets, wide-mouth bottles for sweetmeats, 
rounds and phyals for doctors, wine and water glasses, 
ink and pocket bottles. Orders taken for all kind of 
glasses for chymical or other uses, agreeable to patterns. 
It is expected that all friends to American manufactures 
will do their utmost in promoting this. They have like- 
wise for sale as usual, a very large and general assort- 
ment of earthen, deU, &c. Also a variety of EngUsh 
garden seed of the last year's growth, viz. Early charl- 
ton, marrowfat, badmansdwarf , and golden hotspur peas ; 
winsor, scarlet, runners, and large white kidney beans; 
lettice and cabbage of various kinds, carrot, parsnip, 
radish, turnip, &c &c. Pepper, coffee, redwood, logwood, 
&c. &c. Ready money given for broken Fhnt Glass. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Febru- 
ary 8, 1773. 

Richard Wistar (o/ Philadelphia). — Made at the 
Subscriber's Glass- Works, and now on Hand, to be sold 
at his House in Market-Street, opposite the Meal- 
Market, either wholesale or retail, between Three and 
Four Hundred Boxes of Window Glass, consisting of the 
common Sizes, 10 by 12, 9 by 11, 8 by 10, 7 by 9, 6 by 8, 
&c. Lamps Glass, or any uncommon Sizes under 16 by 
18, are cut upon a short Notice. Where also may be had, 



96 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

most Sorts of Bottles, Gallon, Half Gallon, and Quart, 
full Measure Half Gallon Case Bottles, Snuff and Mus- 
tard, Receivers and Retorts of various Sizes, also elec- 
trifying Globes and Tubes, &c. As the abovementioned 
Glass is of American Manufactory; it is consequently 
clear of the Duties the Americans so justly complain of, 
and at present it seems peculiarly the Interest of America 
to encourage her own Manufactories, more especially 
those upon which Duties have been imposed, for the 
sole purpose of raising a Revenue. 

N.B. He also continues to make the Philadelphia Brass 
Buttons, well noted for their Strength, such as were made 
by his deceased Father, and are warranted for seven 
Years. Richard Wistar, Philadelphia, August 10. — 
The New-York Journal or General Advertiser, August 17, 
1769 {Supplement). 

Glassware 

Imported Glass. — Richard Smith . . . lately imported, 
a large Assortment of drinking Glasses, Pint and Quart 
Decanters, with sundry other sorts of Glasses, &c. — The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
June 8, 1747 {Supplement). 

Optic Glasses. — Notice is hereby given, that the 
Widow of Balthaser Sommer, late from Amsterdam, now 
lives next Door to Mr. Laffert's on Pot-Baker's Hill, in 
Smith-Street, New- York, Grinds all sorts of Optic 
Glasses to the greatest Perfection, such as Microscope 
Glasses, Spying Glasses of all Lengths, Spectacles, Read- 
ing-Glasses, for near-sighted People or others ; Also, Spy- 
ing-Glasses of three Feet long; which are to set on a 
common Walking-Cane, and yet be carried as a Pocket- 
Book; all at the most reasonable Rates. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, May 21, 1753. 

Globe Lamps, to be sold cheap. At Capt. William 
Mercier's in French Church-Street next Door to Mr. 



GLASS 97 

Benjamin Jervis, Hatter. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, March 3, 1755. 

Apothecary's Furniture. — Gerardus Duyckinck at 
the sign of the Looking-Glass and Druggist-Pot, at the 
Corner of the Old Slip Market . . . Has for sale among 
many other things . . . London and Bristol crown win- 
dow glass of all sizes (Can be cut to any size required) 
White fine glass ware, plain, ornamented, cut ground and 
engraved suitable for families and apothecary's furniture. 
Optick glasses, as telescopes, reading, burning, visual, 
temple spectacles, and near-sighted glasses . . . — The 
New-York Mercury, October 6, 1766. 

Plain & Flower'd Glass Ware. — George Ball being 
obhged to move until the Store in which he now lives, in 
Bayard-Street, is rebuilt, wiU sell very low for Cash . . . 

Plain Glass Ware 

Gallon Decanters, — 3 Qu do. Cruets, — Butter Tubs and Stands, 

2 Quart do. 1 do. do. Punch Glasses with Handles, 

Wine and Water Glasses, Patty Pans, Sugar Dishes, 

Wash Hand Glasses with Plates, Salt Sellers and Linings, 

Beer Glasses, Jelly and Bird Glasses. 
Common Wine do. 

Flower'd Glass 

Decanters, New Fashion, Bowls with Covers, 2 Sizes, 

Wine and Water and Ale Glasses, Odd Glasses with Silver Tops, for 

Neat Cut Salts, Cruet Stands, 

Do. Cruets, Cruets Stands from 12s to £3. 

The New-York Journal or General Advertiser, May 24, 
1770. 

London and Bristol Glass. — George Ball, who has 
removed into Carman-street, next door to Alderman 
Gautier, has received by the last London and Bristol 
Vessels, a general assortment of glass ware, consisting 
of flower'd and cut pint, half, and quarter pint tumblers; 
plain pint, half and quarter pint tumblers; flower'd and 
cut pint and quart decanters ; a variety of neat enamel'd 



98 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

cut wine glasses, chamber lamps, bird glasses and salt 
lining, &c. with an assortment of cheap glass fit for the 
country. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, April 15, 1771. 

Glass Ware. — James and Arthur Jarvis, At their Glass 
and Earthen Store. Between Burling's and Beekman's 
Slips, in the Fly. Have just open'd a Variety of Glass, 
viz. Cut, plain, sprig'd and engrav'd quart decanters, a 
few plain i/^ gallon do. cut enamel'd and plain wine 
glasses; quart, pint and I/2 pint carrosts; root glasses; 
plain and with loops; blue and white soy crewets and 
stands, with gilt labels; common do. elegant cut sallad 
bowls and trifle dishes, elegant cut sweetmeat glasses, 
glass water cups, a variety of smelling bottles, cut and 
plain, with and without cases; sprig'd, cut and moulded 
milk-pot and jelly glasses; ribb'd, cut and scollop'd 
suUabub glasses and tumblers ; a variety of ground shop 
bottles and phials, for doctors; ink and oyl squares, 
elegant cut salts, sugar-dishes, and butter tubs; genteel 
salvers, stands, scroles and baskets; breast pipes; with 
a variety of common tumblers, wine and drinking glasses 
. . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
December 6, 1771. 

London Glass Ware. — Davies and Minnett At their 
glass, china and earthen Ware store . . . imported from 
London ... a very large and neat assortment of glass, 
china and earthen ware of all sorts, for city and country 
consumption, among which is elegant cut and sprig'd 
quart, pint, and half pint decanters; neat cut wines of 
the newest patterns in London, guglets, soy crewets, 
water cups and tumblers with covers, fine cut salts, sugar 
dishes and milk pots, and other glass ware; . . . — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 4, 
1772. 

Bristol Glass Ware. — At Rhinelander's Store ... A 
large assortment of Glass Ware, by the Ellen, Capt. 



GLASS 99 

Clarke, from Bristol, Decanters, cut, engraved and plain 
of all sizes: wine glasses ditto; tumblers of all sizes; 
quart, pint and half pint cans; caster frames and bottles; 
plain, engraved, cut and top'd with silver . . . — Riving- 
ton's New-York Gazetteer, January 13, 1774. 

Green Glass. — Imported by George Ball. . . . 

Green Glass 

Gallon square bottles, Ink bottles, 

Two quart ditto, Blue, oval and round salt lining, 

Pint ditto, Ditto white ditto 

Pint and half pint flasks. 

One penny per pound for broken white flint Glass. — 
The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, August 
3, 1775. 



PEWTER 

Pewterers 

Robert Boyle, Pewterer, At the sign of the Dish, next 
Door to Mr. Samuel Pell's; Makes and sells at the most 
reasonable rates, all sorts of pewter ware, wholesale or 
retail: He also makes worms for stills of all sizes, in a 
new and compleat way; likewise, hogshead, barrel or 
bottle cranes, with or without cocks; and the infusion 
pots, so much made use of in colds; as well as any un- 
common thing in pewter, in any shape or form, that may 
be ordered; Likewise, all kinds of lead work for ships or 
houses, with due care and expedition. — The New-York 
Mercury, June 17, 1754. 

Robert Boyle. — To Be Sold, by Robert Boyle, Pew- 
terer, At the Sign of the Gilt Dish in Dock Street, be- 
tween the Old-Slip and Coenties's Markets in New- York, 
Wholesale or Retail, at the most reasonable Rates, either 
in Exchange for old Pewter, or otherwise, all Sorts of 
Pewter Ware, viz. 

Dishes and Plates of all Sorts, Basons, Tankards, and 
Porringers of all Sizes, Quart and Pint Mugs, Tea-Pots 
of all Sorts, Cullenders, Bed Pans, and Stool Pans of all 
Sizes, Infusion Pots so much approved of in Colds or 
Consumptions, Cups and Flaggons for Churches, HaK- 
pint and jill Tumblers, Wine Measures from a Quart to 
a Half-jill, Salts, and Ink Stands, Spoons of all Sorts, 
Limbecks and cold Stills, Candle Molds of different Sizes. 
Hogshead, Barrel, and Bottle Cranes, Pewter or Block- 
Tin Worms of all Sizes, as shall be ordered. Funnels of 
all Sizes. Also any Thing relating to the Pewterer 's or 
Plummer's Business; as leading of Houses or Ships, in 
any Way as required : Sash Leads, Deep Sea Leads, and 

100 



PEWTER 101 

Bullets of all Sizes, made for 3s. per Hundred, with the 
utmost Dispatch. Likewise the highest Prices in Cash, 
for old Pewter, Copper, Brass and Lead. All those that 
will favour him with their Custom, may depend on the 
best of Usage. — The New-York Gazette or The Weekly 
Post-Boy, December 22, 1755. 

Cornelius Bradford. — To be Sold, By Cornelius Brad- 
ford, at his Father's House, in Hanover Square, Pig and 
Bar Iron, by the Ton, or otherwise ; Iron Chimney Backs 
and Cart Boxes; Iron Weights from 56 lb. to 7 lb fixed 
or unfixed. Pewter, by the wholesale or retail, to be 
sold at the above House; and ready Money given for old 
Pewter and Brass. — The New-York Mercury, November 
13, 1752. 

William Bradford. — To be Sold By WilUam Brad- 
ford, Pewterer, in Hanover Square, in New- York; Can- 
non four Pounders, and Swivel Guns, Cannon Shot of 
all Sizes, Iron Pots and Kettles of all Sizes, Cart and 
Waggon Boxes, Backs for Chimneys, Fullers Plates, Pig 
and Bar Iron, &c. &c. Where may be had Money for old 
Brass and Pewter. — The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, 
August 13, 1744. 

William Bradford. — All Persons indebted to the 
Estate of William Bradford, late of this City, Pewterer, 
deceased, are desired to make immediate Payment; and 
those that have any Demands against said Estate, are 
desired to send in their Accounts to William Merceir, 
at the late Dwelling House of said Wilham Bradford, in 
Hanover Square. 

N.B. To morrow at ten o'Clock will be sold by Vendue 
at said House, sundry Household furniture. — The New- 
York Mercury, April 21, 1760. 

Bradford and Mc Euen, Beg leave to inform the 
Pubhc in general, and their friends in particular, that 
they have lately set up the Pewterer's and Plummer's 



102 THE AETS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

business, at their shop at Peck's-slip, where they make 
and have for sale on the most reasonable terms, all kinds 
of pewter ware, viz. Dishes, plates, basons, teapots, quart 
and pint mugs, tankards, porrengers, cream pots, sugar 
dishes, slop bowls, half pint and gill tumblers, cullenders, 
bed pans, chair pans, chamber pots, wine measures, table 
spoons and many other articles in the pewterer's way, 
Store keepers in town or country, may be supphed with 
any quantity of the above articles, on the shortest notice. 
They likewise make in the best and neatest manner, block 
tin and pewter worms for distilHng, of any size ; hogshead 
and bottle cranes, and candle moulds of different sizes. 
In the plummers way they make and fix hawse leads, 
and scuppers, or any other lead work necessary for ship- 
ping, in the best manner, also leaden trunks or pipes of 
any size, for houses, and laying of sheet lead, and solder 
the same upon either roofs or gutters. Ready money 
given for old pewter, brass, or lead, or the same taken 
in payment for work. They flatter themselves that from 
their experience in the business, and their having a com- 
plete set of tools, and every thing in order for carrying 
on the same extensively, it will be in their power to give 
satisfaction to those persons who please to employ them 
in the above branches. — The New York Journal or The 
General Advertiser, August 27, 1772. 

Peter Karby. — Just Published, And to be Sold by the 
Printer hereof, or at Mr. Peter Karby, Pewterer near the 
North River. A Brief Vindication of the Purchasors 
against the Proprietors Price 7d. — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, April 28, 1746. 

William Kirby, Pewterer, at the corner of Dock- 
street, near the Old Slip Market, and opposite the late 
corner-store of Gerardus Duyckinck, has just imported 
in the Earl of Dunmore, Capt. Lawrence, a large and 
general assortment of London pewter, which he will sell 
wholesale and retail, on the most reasonable terms, viz. 
Dishes, plates and basons; hard-metal water plates, 



PEWTER 103 

tureens, tankards, quart and pint pots, teapots of dif- 
ferent sorts and sizes ; coffee, sugar, and milk pots ; pint, 
y2 pint and gill porringers; soup, table and teaspoons; 
round-bowl spoons, soup ladles, quart and pint bowls, 
wash-hand basons, funnels, large chamber pots, close- 
stool and bed pans, measures from one gallon to haK a 
gill, dram cups, round and square chest ink-stands, large 
and small crains. 

Said Kirby has likewise just come to hand, a curious 
and general assortment of Enghsh and Dutch toys, which 
he will sell wholesale and retail, at a low advance, 
amongst which are, a few large humming tops, japan'd 
waiters, bread baskets, clothes and shoe brushes, hair 
brooms, hearth brushes, plated shoe and knee buckles, 
and a variety of other articles in the toy way, too tedious 
to mention. 

He takes old pewter and bees- wax in exchange for new 
pewter. — The New-York Gazette and The Weekly Mer- 
cury, September 26, 1774. 

Joseph Leddel, Pewterer, who for many Years has 
hv'd at the Sign of the Platter in Dock-Street, opposite 
to Mr. Franks's, is now removed to the lower End of 
Wall-Street, near the Meal Market, in the House where 
Mr. Joseph Sacket lately lived, and has the Same Sign; 
where his former Customers, or any others, may be sup- 
plied with most Sorts of Pewter-Ware, Wholesale or 
Retail, at reasonable Rates; and gives ready Money for 
old Pewter and Brass. — The New-York Weekly Post- 
Boy, May 7, 1744. 

Joseph Leddel. — To be Sold by Joseph Leddel, jun. 
at his House in Smith-Street, opposite to Mrs. Carpen- 
ter's, at the most reasonable Rates; all sorts of Pewter- 
ware by wholesale or retail, and makes Worms for Stills 
of all Sizes, by a compleat Way at the lowest Prices: 
Likewise, Makes Hogshead, Barrell, or Bottle Cranes, 
either with or without Cocks, and makes infusion-Pots, 
so much approv'd of in Colds, and any uncommon Thing 



104 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

in Pewter, in any Shape or Form as shall be order'd; 
likewise does all sorts of lead-work, either House or 
Ship-work. 

He also Engraves on Steel, Iron, Gold, Silver, Copper, 
Brass, Pewter, Ivory or turtle-Shell in a neat Manner, 
and reasonably. — The New-York Gazette Revived in The 
Weekly Post-Boy, March 23, 1752 (Supplement).'- 

Joseph Leddel. — All Persons who have any demands 
on the estate of Mr. Joseph Leddle, [sic] jun. late of this 
City, pewterer deceas'd, are desired to apply to Abraham 
De Lanoy, hatter, in Queen Street, near the Meal Market. 
— The New-York Mercury, June 24, 1754. 

Henry Will. — To be Sold, The Glue-House, near 
Fresh-Water, with all the Utensils for Glue-making. It 
is also very convenient for the Soap and Candle making 
Business, which may be conveniently carried on, besides 
the Glue making. For further Particulars inquire of 
Henry WiU, Pewterer, near the Old Slip. Who makes, 
sells, and exchanges, all Sorts of Pewter Ware, and gives 
Cash, for old Pewter. — The New-York Journal or The 
General Advertiser, March 15, 1770. 

Henry Will, Begs leave to acquaint his friends and 
customers, that he is removed to the well known corner 
house at the Old-slip, where Mr. Gerardus Duyckinck 
kept his universal store, formerly known by the sign of 
the looking glass, and now by the sign of the blocktin 
teapot, where he continues to make, sell and exchange, 
wholesale and retail, all sorts of pewter ware, at the 
cheapest rate, and where he hopes for the favourable 
continuance of his friends and customers. He likewise 
gives ready money for old pewter. — New York Gazette 
and The Weekly Mercury, May 25, 1772. 

Henry Will. — Notice of John Siemon, Furrier, men- 
tions that he is at Mr. Henry Will's, Pewterer, the Corner 
1 The supplement to No. 479 was mis-dated May 25, 1752. 



PEWTER 105 

of the Old Slip.— r/ie New-York Gazette and The Weekly 
Mercury, November 9, 1772. 

Henry Will, Pewterer, Acquaints, the pubHc, that he 
is removed to Albany, where he intends to carry on the 
Pewterer's business in all its branches. As he has 
hitherto been favoured with the custom of many of his 
friends in and about Albany, so he hopes to merit their 
continuance; — an assortment of Pewter ware will be 
constantly kept by him; old pewter will be exchanged 
for new, or cash given for it. — The New-York Journal or 
The General Advertiser, April 11, 1776. 

John Will. — To be Sold, by Johanes Will, Pewterer, 
hving in Smith's-Fly, opposite Mr. Robert Livingston. 
A Parcel of the best New- York distilFd Rum, by the 
Hogshead, Barrel, or smaller in Quantity, not less than 
five Gallons; as also a variety of Glass Ware, manufac- 
tured at the Glass House in New- Windsor. 

N.B. Said Johanes Will, gives ready money for good 
Wood Ashes, and broken Window and Bottle-Glass, as 
also old Pewter. Any Person wanting any Particulars 
of Glass Ware made, may apply to the said Will, and they 
shall be served with all possible Expedition. — The New- 
York Gazette or The Weekly Post-Boy, September 27, 
1756. 

John Will. — This is to give Notice, That John Will, 
Pewterer, from Germany, living in Smith's Fly, opposite 
to Mr. Robert Livingston, makes and sells all sorts of. 
Pewter Ware, in the neatest and best Manner, and has 
also to sell, best Albany peas by the Bushel or Quart, Oat 
Meal by the Hundred Weight or Quart, best London 
Mustard Seed by the Bushel, half Bushel, peck or Quart, 
Buckweed by the Bushel, a small Parcel of Flax Seed; 
and sundry other Goods at a reasonable Rate for ready 
Cash. — The New-York Gazette or The Weekly Post^Boy, 
February 4, 1760. 



106 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Peter Young. — For the Benefit of the Public in gen- 
eral, I Peter Young, of the city of New York, Pewterer, 
living at Mr. Fisher's, Barber, in Spring Garden, com- 
monly called Chatham street, was afflicted with an im- 
posthume or sore in my breast with such a violent cough, 
that I could not rest day or night, spitting and vomitting 
matter constantly for three months, that I thought I was 
in a consumption ; I applied to several, and tried various 
kinds of Psysick, until I applied to the French Doctor 
Blouin, who advised me to make use of his Anti- Venereal 
Pills, so well known by the name of Keyser's Pills. I 
followed his advice, and by the use of those pills alone, 
in a short time I recovered my former health. Witness 
my hand, PETER YOUNG.— T/ie Constitutional Ga- 
zette, December 13, 1775. 



Miscellaneous Pewter 

Pewter Dishes. — Among other items exposed to sale 
by way of Publick Vendue are: one Brass Kittle, four 
pewter Dishes, eight Pewter Plates, one Iron Chafing 
Dish, one Brass snuffer, five Chairs and two Tables, one 
Looking-Glass, one Spinning Wheel, one Chest, four 
Pewter Basons one Feather Bed and Furniture. ... — 
The New-York Weekly Journal, February 26, 1739. 

Pewter Buttons. — Runaway from Johannes Bratt, a 
servant. . . . "He had on when he went away an old 
dark couler'd Coat, with Pewter Buttons, Leather 
Breeches, and a white shirt; . . . — New-York Weekly 
Journal, June 28, 1742. 

Pewter. — Just imported from Liverpool, and to be 
sold on board the Snow Nancy, WilHam Beekman Mas- 
ter, Several White Servants ; also sundry sorts of Earthen 
Ware in Casks and Crates, Cheshire Cheese, Loaf Sugar, 
Cutlery Ware, Pewter, Grindstones, Coals, and sundry 
other Goods too tedious to mention: by Abraham Van 
Home, Daniel & Isaac Gomez or said Master. — Nevj- 



PEWTEE 107 

York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, June 25, 
1751. 

Pewter Ware. — Among other items for sale by Abra- 
ham Wilson, peruke maker, are: pewter plates. Dishes, 
basons and spoons, knives, and forks. . . . — The New- 
York Gazette, November 3, 1760. 

Pewter Buttons. — Runaway from Abigail Lord an 
Irish servant man . . . "Had on when he went away, a 
light colour'd cloth jacket with home made pewter but- 
tons. . . . — The New-York Gazette and The Weekly 
Mercury, July 2, 1770. 

London Pewter. — Cheaper than can be imported. 
Puffing, and a pompous Parade of cheap selling, is of late 
become so fashionable among us, that an Advertisement 
in common Form, no longer attracts the Attention of the 
Public, it therefore seems necessary to offer something 
more than the general Declaration of, as cheap as can be 
imported, or of because purchased at Vendue for less 
than a Cent, and therefore the Prices are annexed to the 
following Articles, which are sold by John Thurman, jun. 
at his Store in Wall-street, which must convince the 
PubUc that he not only sells Goods for less than a Cent, 
or as cheap as can be imported, but even cheaper than 
can be imported. 

As by this kind of dealing the Poor will be enabled to 
cloath themselves, as it were, from the Hands of the 
Manufacturers; and it is evident no Profit can possibly 
arise to the Seller, it is hoped that kind Providence, or 
the PubHc will put all such generous Traders in some 
way of living with the Expence. Best London Pewter 
Dishes, at 1 shiUing 5 per Pound. . . . — The New-York 
Gazette and The Weekly Mercury, November 4, 1771. 

Pewter Quart Pot. — Stopped a Pewter Quart Pot, 
mark'd in the Inside I W, and at the Bottom of the 



108 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Outside A D. Whoever owns the same, may know the 
person who defrauded them of it, by applying to the 
FnnteT.—The Neio-York Journal or General Advertiser, 
July 29, 1773. 



FURNITURE 
Cabinetmakers 

Gilbert Ash. — For the Benefit of a Poor Widow. On 
Thursday the 18th Instant, will be open'd, at the City- 
Hall, in the City of New- York, a New Organ, made by 
Gilbert Ash, where will be performed, A Concert of Vocal 
and Instrumental Musick. . . . Tickets, at Five Shillings 
each, to be had at Mr. Cobham's in Hanover-Square, at 
the Gentleman's Coffee-House, at the King's Arms, at 
the Province Arms, at the Bible & Crown in Queen- 
street, and at Mr. Ash's joining Mr. Willet's in Wall- 
street; who continues the Business of Organ Building, 
by whom Gentlemen and Ladies, may be furnished with 
noble Instrument, in a convenient Time after it is be- 
spoke. — The New-York Mercury, March 15, 1756. 

Gilbert Ash. — At the Upper End of Wall-Street, near 
the City Hall, Carries on the Manufactory of hard Soap- 
boihng, and has now by him a Parcel of very good Soap 
to dispose of, both brown and white; and also a Parcel 
of Babary Wax mould Candles. The Shop-Joiner or 
Cabinet Business is carried on at the same Place, where 
may be had, all sorts of Work made in that Branch, 
Tables, Chairs, Desks, &c. — The New-York Mercury, 
October 22, 1759. 

Gilbert Ash, in Wall-Street, near the City-Hall, has 
by him A Parcel of ready made Chairs, Mahogany and 
Black Walnut, Mahogany Tea Tables, and dining Tables, 
which he will sell, reasonably; Also a Parcel of hard Soap 
and Candles, which he will sell cheap. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, April 14, 1763. 

109 



110 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Thomas Ash, Windsor Chair Maker, At the Corner 
below St. Paul's Church in the Broad- Way, Makes and 
sells all kinds of Windsor chairs, high and low backs, 
garden and settees ditto. As several hundred pounds 
have been sent out of this province for this article, he 
hopes the public will encourage the business, as they can 
be had as cheap and good, if not superior to any im- 
ported ; he has now by him, and intends keeping always 
a large quantity, so that merchants, masters of vessels, 
and others may be supplied upon the shortest notice. 
N.B. Shop goods will be taken in pay. — Rivington's New- 
York Gazetteer, February 17, 1774. 

John Brinner, Cabinet and Chair-Maker, from Lon- 
don ; At the Sign of the Chair, opposite Flatten Barrack- 
Hill, in the Broad- Way, New York: Where every Article 
in the Cabinet, Chair-making, Carving and Gilding Busi- 
ness, is executed on the most reasonable Terms, with the 
utmost neatness and Punctuality. He carves all sorts of 
Architectural, Gothic and Chinese Chimney Pieces, Glass 
and Picture Frames, Slab Frames, Gerondoles, Chanda- 
liers, and all kinds of Mouldings and Frontispieces, &c. 
&c. Desk and Book-Cases, Library Book-Cases, Writing 
and Reading Tables, Commode and Bureau Dressing 
Tables, Study Tables, China Shelves and Cases, Com- 
mode and Plain Chest of Drawers, Gothic and Chinese 
Chairs; all Sorts of plain or ornamental Chairs, Sofa 
Beds, Sofa Settees, Couch and easy Chair Frames, all 
kinds of Field Bedsteads, &c. &c. 

N.B. He has brought over from London six Artificers, 
well skill'd in the above Branches. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, May 31, 1762. 

Thomas Burling. — Whereas the Co-partnership of 
John and Thomas Burling, expires the first of April next ; 
all those who have any demands on them are desired to 
call for the same ; and all those who are indebted to them 
are hereby requested to make immediate payment; The 
more so as one of them is going to live in the Country. — 



FURNITURE 111 

The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Febru- 
ary 17, 1772. 

Thomas Burling, Cabinet and Chair-maker, in Chap- 
pie-street, New York, Has opened a yard of all kinds 
of stuff suitable for country Joiners, which he proposes 
to sell on reasonable terms. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, January 11, 1773. 

Thomas Burling, Cabinet & Chair-Maker, At the 
Sign of the Chair, in Beekman-Street, commonly called 
Chapel-Street, New- York, Executes with neatness and 
dispatch the different articles in his branch, and will 
gratefully acknowledge all favours of his friends, and 
the public in general. 

He has now made for sale sundry pieces of furniture, 
of the best mahogany, which he proposes to sell at the 
lowest rate good work sells at. Said BurHng sells mahog- 
any, ready sawed, fit for carpenters in stair case building 
and all other kind of stuff suitable for carrying on the 
joiners business, all which he proposes to sell on the 
most reasonable terms. ^ — Rivington's New-York Ga- 
zetteer, September 2, 1774. 

Henry Carmer. — Abraham Willson, Has removed his 
Furr Store from Little-Dock-street, to the upper end of 
Wynkoop-street, next to Henry Carmer's, cabinet-maker, 
. . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
May 9, 1774. 

John Clark,^ Shagreen and Mahogany Case-Maker, 
Now lies in the house lately occupied by Mr. Cowper- 
thwait, next door to Mrs. Breese's near the Old Slip 
Market, and carries on his business as usual. He returns 
his hearty thanks to the publick in general, for their 
assistance at the late fire, in which he was a great sufferer. 

1 A similar advertisement appeared in 1775. 

2 First advertised in The New-York Journal or General Advertiser, 
July 30, 1767. 



112 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 
2, 1774. 

John Cross. — Run away from his Bail, on Saturday 
the 4th June, Instant, a Man named John Cross, by 
Trade a Cabinet maker: He is about 5 Feet 8 Inches 
high, of a pale Complexion, has black Hair, a long Nose, 
given much to Liquor, and is very quarelsome. Who- 
ever takes up and secures said Fellow in New- York Gaol, 
shall have Ten Pounds Reward, and all reasonable 
Charges paid by Thomas Brookman. N. B. All Masters 
of Vessels are forbid to take him away. — The New-York 
Gazette, June 13, 1763. 

Anthony Demelt. — To be Sold by Helena Mc. 
Pheadris, A House and Lot of Ground, next Door to 
Adolph Brass's on Golden Hill: It contains 25 Feet, 
Front and Rear, and 125 Feet in Length, is now occupied 
by Anthony Demelt, Chair-Maker. — The New-York 
Mercury, January 23, 1758. 

Robert Dixson. — If Robert Dixson, Cabinet-maker, 
and Joiner, be in this Place, and will apply to John Utte, 
Breeches-maker living near the Fly Market, or to John 
Graham, at the Duke of York's Head, at Whitehall SUp, 
may hear of George Dixon his Brother. — The New-York 
Gazette, November 21, 1763. 

Adam Galer, Windsor Chair-Maker, (lately from 
Philadelphia,) in Little Queen Street, next door to the 
Corner of Great George Street, opposite Hull's tavern. 
Makes and sells all kinds of Windsor Chairs, Any gentle- 
men or masters of vessels may be supplied with a neat 
assortment upon reasonable terms. — Rivington's New- 
York Gazetteer, August 25, 1774. 

Andrew Gauteir. — To be Sold, by Andrew Gauteir, 
in Princes-Street, Opposite Mr. David Provoost's in 
Broad Street; A large and neat Assortment of Windsor 



FURNITUKE 113 

Chairs, made in the best and neatest Manner, and well 
painted, Viz. High back'd, low back'd and Sackback'd 
Chairs and Settees, or double seated, fit for Piazza or 
Gardens. Children's dining and low Chairs, &c. 

N.B. As the above Gauteir intends constantly to keep 
a large Number of all Sorts of the above Chairs by him 
for Sale, all Persons wanting such, may depend on being 
supplied with any Quantity, Wholesale or Retail, at 
reasonable Rates. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, April 18, 1765. 

Thomas Grigg, senior, joiner is lately moved to the 
Cart & Horse, where he continues to make house-chairs, 
couches, closestool chairs, seats for houses, and easy 
chairs, likewise all sorts of joiners and cabinet work, done 
in the best manner : He has to Lett, the stables belonging 
to the Cart & Horse, very reasonable, to any gentleman 
or others that may want them. — The New-York Mercury, 
May 27, 1754. 

Thomas Griggs,^ junior, at his house near the Gentle- 
man's Coffee-House, makes house-chairs, easy-chairs, 
settees, couches, and closestool chairs, in the neatest man- 
ner, having a sufl&ciency of hands, and stuff, for that 
purpose. Whoever incHnes to favour him with their cus- 
tom, may depend on having their work done with the 
greatest care and dispatch. — The New-York Mercury, 
April 15, 1754. 

Thomas Grigg. — This is to acquaint the Public, that 
Thomas Grigg, Joiner and Cabinet-Maker, Has removed 
to the house where James Duane, Esq; lived, opposite 
the Fly-market, where he carries on his business in all 
its branches; he also has two pleasant rooms to lett, with 
or without a cellar, fit for a merchant, who may board in 
the said house, and may have the rooms furnished. It 
would have an excellent stand for a notary-public. — 

3 Father and son may have spelled their names differently. 



114 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

The New-York Gazette and Weekly Mercury, May 30, 
1768. 



Chaeles Gullifer. — If Charles Gullifer, formerly of 
West Pennard, in Somerset, in England, by Trade a 
Cabinet Maker, who came from England about 10 years 
ago, and followed the Profession of a Schoolmaster, since 
his Arrival, (as Mr. Williams has been inform'd) is liv- 
ing; and will apply to Mr. Williams, he will hear of 
something to his Advantage. — The New-York Gazette 
and Weekly Mercury, June 6, 1768. 

Jonathan Hampton. — To be Sold, by Jonathan 
Hampton, in Chapel-Street, New York, Opposite Captain 
Andrew Law's, A large and neat Assortment of Windsor 
Chairs, made in the best and neatest Manner, & well 
painted, Viz. High Back'd, low back'd and Sack-back'd 
Chairs and Settees or double seated fit for Piazza or 
Gardens, Children's dining and low chairs, &c. 

N.B. As the above Hampton intends constantly to 
keep a large Number of all Sorts of the above Chairs by 
him for Sale, all Persons wanting such, may depend on 
being suppUed with any Quantity, wholesale or Retail 
at reasonable Rates. — The New-York Journal or the 
General Advertiser, May 19, 1768. 

John Hoffman. — All persons indebted to the estate 
of John Hoffman, late of this city. Cabinet-maker, de- 
ceased, are hereby desired immediately to settle and pay 
their accounts . . . — The New-York Journal or the 
General Advertiser, September 9, 1773. 

Horner. — To be Sold, At Public Vendue, on the 4th 
of March, if not sold before at private Sale, The house 
in beaver-street, opposite Mr. Bayley's Stove-Grate 
Warehouse, now occupied by Mr. Horner, Cabinet- 
Maker, . . . — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, Janu- 
ary 27, 1774. 



FURNITURE 116 

HuBBELL & Patterson. — The partnership of Hubbell 
and Patterson, Cabinet and Chair-Makers, was dissolved 
the 20th of June last, the above business is now carried 
on by Isaac Hubbel, at his shop in Little-Dock-Street, 
near the Coffee-House, where he will always endeavour 
to merit the favours of the public. — Rivington's New- 
York Gazetteer, September 15, 1774. 

Thomas Jones. — Deserted from the Majesty's Army 
. . . Thomas Jones, cabinet maker; . . . Born in the 
County of Tipperary, Ireland . . . — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, September 30, 1771 
(Supplement). 

John Kelso, Windsor Chair-Maker, from Philadel- 
phia, at Mr. Hyer's, in Broad-street, next door to the 
General's, Makes and sells all kinds of Windsor chairs, 
chairs for sulkies, &c. on the most reasonable terms; and 
as he served a regular apprenticeship in one of the first 
shops in that way in Philadelphia, he is persuaded he can 
supply those who may be kind enough to favour him 
with their custom, with as well-finish'd, strong, and neat 
work as ever appeared in this city ; and as the laying-out 
as much of our money as possible at home, serves to keep 
the balance of trade in our favour, he therefore hopes for 
the encouragement of the respectable inhabitants of this 
city, as well as those trading to the same, whose favours 
by every way in his power to merit them, shall be grate- 
fully acknowledged, by their Most Obedient Humble 
Servant, John Kelso. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, August 8, 1774. 

William Norton. — To be sold at Mr. Skaats, near the 
Meal Market, very good Leather Chairs, by William 
Norton. — The New-York Weekly Journal, September 29, 
1740. 

John Parsons, joiner, has lately set up his business 
between the New and Fly-Markets, near his late master 



116 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Joshua Delaplains, makes all sorts of cabinet work, sitting 
and easy chairs, closestool chairs, and all other kinds of 
household furniture in that way. Those who incline to 
favor him with their custom, may depend on having their 
work done in the neatest manner. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, April 22, 1754. 

Samuel Prince. — John Sheiuble, Organ Builder may 
be spoke with at Mr. Samuel Prince's Cabinet maker, at 
the Sign of the Chest of Drawers, in New York ... — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, March 
30, 1772. 

Samuel Prince. — A partnership has lately commenced 
between Robert Robinson and Michael Price, who have 
for sale at their store next door to Mr. Samuel Prince, 
shop- joiner, in Horse and Cart-street; a general assort- 
ment of dry goods . . . — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, November 1, 1773. 

Samuel Prince, Cabinetmaker, At the Sign of the 
Chest of Drawers, in William-Street, near the North 
Church, in New York : Makes and sells all sorts of cabinet 
work in the neatest manner, and on the lowest terms. 
Orders for the West Indies, and elsewhere, compleated, 
on the shortest notice.^ 

He has on hand, for sale, A parcel of the most elegant 
furniture, made of mahogany, of the very best quality, 
such as chest of drawers, chest upon chest, cloath presses, 
desks, desks and book cases of different sorts, chairs of 
many different and new pattens, beuro tables, dining 
tables, card tables, breakfast tables, tea tables. And many 
other sorts of Cabinet work, very cheap. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, February 6, 1775. 

Daniel Shaw. — ^Whereas a Letter directed to Daniel 
Shaw, Cabinet-Maker, in this City of New York, was on 
Thursday last delivered by the Letter Carrier thro' mis- 

* Samuel Prince's advertisements stDl appeared in 1776. 



FURNITURE 117 

take to a Person unknown : and as the Letter is supposed 
to be of some Consequence, it will be taken extremely 
kind of the Person who has it, if they will send it to 
the Printer hereof, in Broad Street — it can be of no 
Service to anyone but the Owner. — The New-York Ga- 
zette, Feburary 2, 1761. 

Charles Shipman, Ivory and Hardwood Turner, 
lately from England: Takes this Method to acquaint all 
ladies, gentlemen, &c. that having served a regular ap- 
prenticeship to a very considerable Turning Manufactory 
in Birmingham; he purposes carrying on that business 
here,^ in all the various undermentioned articles; There- 
fore all those who please to favour him with their em- 
ploy, may depend on being served with the strictest 
assiduity, and on the most reasonable terms. Mahogany 
waiters and bottle stands, billiard balls, bell handles, cups 
and balls, dice boxes, pack thread boxes, pepper boxes, 
soap boxes, washball boxes, patch boxes, raisin boxes, 
glove sticks, drum sticks and walking stick heads, paste 
rollers, round rulers and sugar hammers, tobacco sieves, 
sand dishes, ivory totums, tooth-pick-cases and eggs, nut- 
meg graters, pounce boxes and ivory thimbles, ivory net- 
ting, and knotting needles; tobacco stoppers, and cases 
for smelling boxes, counting-house seal handles, and steel 
seals cut with cyphers, ivory counters engraved with 
alphabets and figures, (very popular for children) back 
gammons and chess men ; Cruet frames repair'd and Ger- 
man flutes tip'd in the neatest manner, oval picture 
frames, and sundry other articles too tedious to mention. 
— The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, 
August 6, 1767. 

William Tilou. — On Wednesday, at Noon, a Fire 
broke out in the Shop of William Tilou, a Turner and 
Chair maker in Maiden-Lane, which immediately burnt 
to the ground, destroying all his Tools and Stock in 
Trade, to the entire Ruin of an honest, sober, industrious 

5 Charles Shipman's advertisements still appeared in 1768. 



118 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Man, with a distressed Family, The unhappy person is 
reduced to a State of unspeakable Distress; and as he is 
an Object deserving the Charity of all the humane Citi- 
zens, a Subscription has been opened for his Rehef. 
Any Contribution sent to the Printer, will be most 
thankfully received, and immediately appUed to enable 
him to commence Business again. — News item in The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, March 27, 
1775. 

Peter Tilyou. — Whereas a Report hath been indus- 
triously propagated, That Peter Tilyou, Senior, of the 
City of New- York, Chair-maker, has been very ill-used 
by his Son Vincent, and Ann his Wife ; and that the said 
Vincent and his Wife, dragged the said, Father through 
the Entry by the Hair of his Head; and that they have 
from Time to Time gave him great Provocation : Where- 
fore, in order to Undeceive The Public, the said Vincent 
Tilyou, and Ann his Wife, being duly sworn on the Holy 
Evangehst of Almighty God, do depose and say, That 
the same is all false, scandalous and malicious Report, 
purely calculated, to injure the characters, of the De- 
ponents, they having always avoided, as much as possi- 
ble, giving their said Father any Provocation. And Fur- 
ther these deponents say not 

Sworn this 15th day of Vincent Tilyou 

March 1770 before me, Ann Tilyou 

Andrew Gautier Aldm.* 

The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
March 26, 1770. 

John Tremain,'^ having decHned the Stage, proposes 
to follow his Business of a cabinet-maker: and at the 
House of Mr. Norwood, near Long-Bridge, all Gentlemen 
and others may be supplied, at the Cheapest Rates, and 
in the neatest Manner, with all sorts of Cabinet- Work, 

«The same Andrew Gautier before mentioned as a cabinet maker. 

''A benefit was given for Mr. Tremain in January, 1752. The per- 
formance consisted of the Tragical History of King Richard the Third, 
and the Farce of Lethe. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, January 20, 1752. 



FURNITURE 119 

such as Chest-of- Drawers, Desks, Book-Cases, Clock- 
Cases, Dining and Tea-Tables, plain or scollopt; tea- 
Chests, Tea-Boards, Dressing-Boxes, Bedsteads &c. 
Those who incline to find their own Stuff, may have it 
work'd up with Dispatch, Honesty, and Faithfulness. — 
The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
August 26, 1751. 

Robert Wallace, Joyner, Living in Beaver Street, at 
the Corner of New-Street, makes all Sorts of Cabinets, 
Scrutores, Desks and Book Cases, Drawers, Tables either 
square, round oval or quadrile, and Chairs of any Fash- 
ion. Any Gentlemen or Ladies who will please to favour 
him with their Custom, may depend on having their 
Work done after the best Manner, and at the most rea- 
sonable Rates. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, May 28, 1753. 

WiLLET & Pearsee, Cabinet and Chair-makers, at the 
Sign of the Clothes-Press, nearly opposite the New Os- 
wego market, at the Upper-End of Maiden-Lane. Con- 
tinues to make in the very best manner Cabinet and 
Chair-Work of every kind. As they are determined by 
being punctual in performing, and in finishing their work 
with the greatest neatness and care, to aim at giving 
general satisfaction. They humbly embrace this way of 
offering their service, and will with gratitude acknowledge 
the kindness of all such as please to favour them with 
their commands. 

They have on hand at present made of the best Ma- 
hogany, and in the neatest Manner, 

A very handsome Desk and Book-Case, 

A chest upon Chest, 

A Lady's Dressing-Chest and Book-Case, 

Three Desks, Three Sets of Chairs, 

A Pair of Card-Tables, and several Tea-Tables, Stands, 

Breakfast and China Tables, Bureaus &c. &c. 
N. B. Two Apprentices are wanting at the above place. — 
Rivington's New York Gazetteer, April 22, 1773. 



120 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Marinus Willett, Has remov'd his Vendue Store to 
the house lately occupied by Waldron and Cornel, next 
door to Abraham Lotts, Esq; treasurer, and purposes to 
do all in his power to give satisfaction to whoever may 
be kind enough to employ him in that way; which he 
hopes, with the excellency of the situation, will be a suffi- 
cient inducement to those who have goods to dispose of 
by public auction, or on commissions at private sale. 

Every article in the Cabinet and Chair way. May be 
had on the shortest notice, and executed in the best 
manner, by Willett and Pearsey, at the said vendue store, 
or at the sign of the clothes press near the Oswego- 
Market, at the upper end of Maiden-Lane, who will take 
dry goods in pay. 

N.B. There is on hand at either of the above places an 
assortment of choice Mahogany furniture. — The New 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 9, 1774. 

Marinus Willett. — Christian Stamler, Taylor and 
Habit Maker, from London, Ts removed from opposite 
the Coffee-House, Hunter's Quay, to the house that Mr. 
Marinus Willett Hves in, in Queen Street near the Fly 
market. . . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, May 8, 1775. 

Furniture 

Furniture of Governor Montgomery. — To Morrow 
being the twelfth day of this instant, at two o'clock in 
the afternoon, at the Fort, will be exposed to Sale by 
pubhc Vendue the following Goods, belonging to the 
Estate of his late deceased Excellency Governor Mont- 
gomery, Viz. 

A fine new yallow Camblet Bed, lined with Silk & laced 
which came from London with Capt Downing, with the 
Bedding, one fine Field Bedstead and Curtains, some 
blew Cloth lately come from London, for Liveries; and 
some white Drap Cloth, with proper Triming. Some 
broad gold Lace. A very fine Medicine Chest with great 



FURNITURE 121 

variety of valuable Medicines. A parcel of Sweet Meat 
& Jelly Glasses. A Case with 12 knives and twelve forks 
with Silver Handles guilded. Some good Barbados Rum. 
A considerable Quantity of Cytorn Water, a Flack with 
fine jesseme Oyl. A fine jack with Chain and PuUies &c. 
A large fixt Copper Boyling Pot. A large Iron Fire-place, 
Iron Bar and Doors for a Copper, A large lined Fire 
Skreen and Several other things All to be seen at the 
Fort . . . —The New-York Gazette, October 4-11, 1731. 

Sacking-bottom Bedstead. — To be sold on Wednes- 
day the 16th of January next, ... a Suit of red Chaney 
Curtains, a Sac-king-bottom Bedstead, 3 Feather Beds 
and Bolsters, 1 Black Walnut Table 1 large Bell-metal 
Morter . . . — The New-York Weekly Journal, Decem- 
ber 31, 1733. 

Household Furnishings. — On Wednesday the 16th 
Instant will be Sold by Auction . . . 

A Pair of large Gilt fram'd Sconces A Parcell of Chairs 

A Bean and Waits A Parcell of black fram'd Pictures 

A Tea Table and China Pewter and Brass 

A corner Cubbard A Chocolate stone and Rowler 

A Pair of brass andirons A Parcell of old Cordage 

A Pair of Iron do And Kitchen Utensills 

A Bed and Bedsted 

The New-York Weekly Journal, April 4, 1740. 

Furniture of Anthony Byvanck. — Accounts settled 
for the estate of Anthony Byvanck ... all those who 
have a mind to Buy a Choice Clock, Black Walnut-Cub- 
bord, and other Furniture belonging to the aforesaid 
Estate, may apply to said Bancker, who is impowered to 
dispose of the same. — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
April 4, 1743. 

House Furniture. — To be sold at Public Vendue . . . 
House Furniture, as Feather-Beds, Bolsters, Pillows 
Quilts, Blankets, Curtains and Bedsteads, green Damask 



122 THE AETS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

seated, red leather and Cane Chairs, Looking-Glasses, 
dressing and other Tables, a Mahogany Desk and chest 
of Drawers, Carpets, China, Glasses, a clock, Kitchen 
Furniture, some Boxes of Candles and a Pair of Gloves. — 
The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, June 16, 1746. 

Stoves. — This Evening will be presented, A Comedy 
called, A Bold Stroke for a Wife. The House being new 
floor'd, is made warm and comfortable; besides which, 
Gentlemen and Ladies may cause their Stoves to be 
brought. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, November 19, 1750. 

Cornish Bedstead. — To be Sold New Cornish Bed- 
stead, together with the Bed, Bolster, and two Pillars, a 
Suit of fine Calico Curtains, and all the Furniture be- 
longing to the same; Any Person that inclines to pur- 
chase the Bed and Furniture, may apply to the Printer 
hereof. N.B. It is all New. — The New-York Evening 
Post, April 8, 1751. 

Messacipia Table. — To be Sold at publick Vendue on 
the 25th Day of March next, beginning at ten of the 
Clock in the Morning, at the House and Inn late of 
Jonathan Ogden, of the City of New- York, deceas'd, . . . 
The said House and Lot of Land, with Stables. . . . Also 
divers sorts of Furniture, household Goods, Utensils, one 
Cow, and a Table called a Messacipia-Table . . . — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Post^Boy, February 
26, 1753. 

Mahogany Chest of Drawers. — To be Shot for, on 
Tuesday the 22d. of January next, a good Mahogany 
Chest of Drawers, with Eagle's Claw Feet, a Shell on 
each knee, and fluted Corners, with good Brass Work 
and Locks: Those that intend to try their Fortune for 
the same, may apply to Mr. George Peters, next door to 
Mr. Peter Marschalk's, in Broad-Street, at the Corner 
of Flatten-Barragh, where they may see the above: 



FURNITURE 123 

There will be Twenty Chances, at 14 Shillings each 
Chance. — The Nev}-York Gazette or the Weekly Post- 
Boy, December 31, 1753. 

Stoves. — New-Invented Pennsylvania Stoves, both 
round and Square, to be sold by, Peter Clopper, opposite 
the Fly-Market. They are remarkable for making a 
Room Warm and comfortable with very little Wood. — 
The New- York Mercury, November 9, 1761. 

House Furniture. — To be Sold this Day at Public 
Vendue ... All the house Furniture; consisting of 
Feather Beds, Tables, Chairs, Pots, Pans and Kitchen 
Furniture ; Silver Spoons and Silver Punch Bowls, some 
Liquors and sundry other things too numerous to men- 
tion. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
November 12, 1761. 

Windsor Chairs. — To be Sold, by Thomas & James 
Frankhn, At their Store facing Fly Market; Best Jamaica 
Spirits, West- India and New-England Rum ... a Par- 
cel of low and high back Windsor Chairs . . . — The 
New-York Gazette, January 4, 1762. 

Hangings. — Roper Dawson, has to sell among other 
things ... a great variety of Paper Hangings and in 
Figures, Bass Relievo for Ceilings, &c. Marble Chimney 
Pieces; gilt Leather for Hangings; Looking Glasses of 
neatest Patterns . . . — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, June 3, 1762. 

Settee. — On Wednesday last . . . the Steeple of Trin- 
ity-Church in this City was struck with the Lightning, 
. . . Mr. Callow's House in Wall-Street, was struck much 
about the same Time, but sustained little or no damage. 
It came down the Chimney, and run along the Brass 
Nails that was in a Settee near the Hearth, blackening 
the Heads of all of them; it then entered the Settee, 
shivered it to Pieces, and took its Course thro' the Hearth 



124 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

into the Cellar. — News item in The New-York Gazette, 
July 12, 1762. 

Chest Upon Chest. — To be sold household goods 
belonging to a gentleman leaving the province. ... A 
book case, chest upon chest, mahogany tables, chairs 
&c. &c. looking-glasses, pictures, china . . . — The New- 
York Mercury, November 29, 1762. 

Household Furniture. — To be Sold, by private Sale 
by John Martin, in Hanover Square. An exceeding neat 
Mahogany Clothes Press, Desk and Book-Case, in a new 
Taste, and executed in the neatest Manner a four posted 
Mahogany Bedstead, fluted Pillars, with Cotton check 
Furniture, fring'd and Tossels. A neat mahogany Field 
Bedstead, fluted Posts, with very fine printed Callico 
Furniture. A round Mahogany Pillar, and Claw Table. 
A Sett of fine Tea Table China. . . . —The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, January 27, 1763. 

Mahogany Desk. — John Brinner, Cabinet and Chair 
maker . . . carves all kinds of bedsteads, with carved or 
plain Cornishes . . . N. B. A neat mahogany desk and 
book case, in the Chinese taste to be sold. — The New- 
York Mercury, January 3, 1763. 

Wall Paper. — James Walker . . . has to sell very 
cheap, the following goods, imported in the last vessels. 
Great variety of paper hangings, viz. Flock, or velvet, 
and mock Chinese, . . . — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, May 5, 1763. 

Mahogany Furniture. — To be Sold, at Vendue, Sun- 
dry pieces of neat mahogany furniture, lately imported 
from London by, and was the property of the deceased 
Mr. James Morison (one of the unfortunate Gentlemen, 
who lately perished in crosing this bay) viz. A mahogany 
book case and drawers, in the neatest taste, finely orna- 
mented; a mahogany bed stead, a mahogany desk; gen- 



FURNITURE 125 

teel mirrors; mahogany chairs; tables; a curious sett of 
pictures; &c. &c. Also, a parcel of curious books. — The 
New-York Gazette, November 21, 1763. 

Furniture of Joseph Haynes. — To be sold at publick 
Vendue, on Monday the 17th inst. the household and 
kitchen furniture, of the late Mr. Joseph Haynes, Con- 
sisting of a variety of chas'd and plain plate, mahogany 
dining, dressing, card, and tea tables, chairs and desks, 
pier, sconce, and dressing glasses, feather beds, bedsteads, 
chest of drawers, table cloths, napkins, sheets and pillow 
cases, with a variety of china tureen dishes; plates and 
bowls, cups and saucers, &c. . . . — The New-York Mer- 
cury, March 10, 1766. 

Side Tables. — A Few Crates of Stone Ware, with some 
choice Marble Slabs, for Side-Tables, to be sold cheap 
by Captain William Stewart, next Door to the Honour- 
able Joseph Reade's, Esq; in King-Street. — The New- 
York Mercury, December 28, 1767. 

A Billiard Table compleat, to be sold. Enquire of 
James Wessels, living in Fare-Street. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, February 18, 1771. 

Windsor Chair. — A neat Windsor Chair to be sold. 
Enquire of J. Allen, near the Fly, Also An extraordinary 
good Saddle and Chair Horse. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, April 15, 1771. 

Pine Chest. — Whereas the house of the subscriber 
was, on the night of the 18th inst. robbed of a pine chest 
painted prussian blue . . . — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, January 13, 1772. 

Furniture of Richard Vassal. — To be sold at public 
Vendue, on Tuesday the 7th July next. The sale to begin 
precisely at 10 o'clock in the afternoon. All the elegant 
and valuable household furniture of Richard Vassal, Esq; 



126 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK ' 

(who has lately embarked with his family for Jamaica), 
at his late dwelling-house in Wall-street, belonging to, 
and formerly occupied by Mr. WilHam Kelly, consisting 
of handsome pier, and sconce glasses, pictures, china, 
mahogany four post bedsteads, bureaus, desks, tables, 
chairs, feather beds, Axminster and Scotch carpets, and a 
variety of kitchen furniture, the whole Uttle, if any the 
worse for wear, being lately purchased new from the 
makers and importers. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, June 29, 1772. 

Mahogany Furniture. — At pubhck Vendue, will 
positively be sold, to the highest Bidder, at Thomas 
Nixon's, at the Fly Market, on Tuesday the 4th day of 
May, a Large quantity of new and second hand Ma- 
hogany Furniture, amongst which are two desks with 
book-cases, two chests of drawers, four desks, four bu- 
reau tables, four dining do. four card tables, four tea do. 
four setts of chairs, two arm'd do. and a variety of other 
articles. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, April 12, 1773. 

Carpets. — To be sold at public vendue, on the Coffee- 
House Bridge, on Thursday next, the 26 inst. at XII 
o'clock: One very large Persian carpet; six Scotch car- 
pets, of different sizes, and three pieces of Scotch car- 
peting. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, May 19, 1774. 

Carpets, Of the Royal Manufactory at Challiott, 
which exceed every other kind of carpets for beauty, 
strength, and duration of colours. Likewise choice of 
Turky carpets, to be seen at Christopher Miller's. — Riv- 
ington's New-York Gazetteer, September 15, 1774. 

Carvers and Gilders 

Nicholas Bernard, Carver, at Mr. Poree's, Surgeon 
and Operator for the Teeth, near the Exchange, Broad- 
street; Has for sale, a very neat Assortment of Looking 



FURNITURE 127 

Glasses, in the most elegant and newest Fashion, with 
carved, and carved and gilt Frames, do. Pediments and 
plain Mahogany and Walnut; also Dressing Glasses, 
Girondoles, chimney Pieces, Figures of Plaster of Paris, 
Brackets, &c. Paper Machine for ceiUngs, the King's Coat 
of Arms, neatly carved, fit for Church or public Building. 
N.B. The above Articles will be sold very cheap. — The 
New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, June 1, 
1769. 

Stephen Dwight, late an apprentice to Henry Hard- 
castle, carver, has set up his business, between the Ferry 
Stairs and Burhngton Slip, where he carves all sorts of 
ship and house work : also tables, chairs, picture and look- 
ing glass frames, and all kinds of work for cabinet makers, 
in the best manner and all reasonable terms. — The New- 
York Mercury, July 21, 1755. 

Stephen Dwight, Takes this Opportunity to acquaint 
the Public, that he Intends to move the first of May, 
into the House of Mr. Johnston, Carpenter, and the Shop 
opposite, where Mr. Osborne, Cabinet Maker, now Uves, 
near the Moravian Meeting, where he intends to follow 
Carving in general as usual, and also Portrait and His- 
tory Painting. N.B. He also will teach drawing in 
Crayon, black and white chalk, Indian Ink, and black 
Lead Pencil, in the quickest and best Manner. — The 
New York Gazette, April 12, 1762. 

Dwheght & Davis. — To be sold a three story brick 
house . . . apply to subscriber Stephen Dwight. N.B. 
Said Dwight and Davis continue to carry on the business 
of carving and gilding as usual, where any ladies or gen- 
tlemen may be suppHed with girandoles, looking-glasses, 
and picture frames, &c. — Rivington's New-York Ga- 
zetteer, March 10, 1774. 

Henry Hardcastle. — Run away from Henry Hardcas- 
tle, of the city of New York, carver, an apprentice lad 
. . . — The New-York Mercury, June 30, 1755. 



128 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

John Gibbons. — Twenty Dollars Reward, Deserted 
from His Majesty's 29th regiment, 22nd of July last . . . 
John Gibbons, carver and gilder, aged 27 years, 5 feet 
111/2 inches high, ruddy complexion, brown hair, Hght 
grey eyes, thin visage, and much carbuncled, straight and 
light made. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, September 30, 1771 (Supplement) 

Minshall/ Carver and Gilder, from London, Uves 
in Dock-Street, Near opposite Bolton and Sigell's Tav- 
ern, Takes this Method of informing Ladies and Gentle- 
men, where they may have Carved Frames for Glasses, 
Picture Frames, Tables, Chairs, Girandoles, Chimney 
Pieces, Brackets, Candle Stands, Clock and Watch Cases, 
Bed and Window Cornicing : He makes Paper Ornaments 
for Ceihngs and Stair Cases, in the present Mode. — The 
New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, December 
7, 1769. 

James Strachan, Carver and Gilder, from London, in 
the Broadway near the Old English Church, in New 
York; Makes and sells all Sorts of Picture and Glass 
Frames, Tables, Gerendoles, Brackets; and Candle 
Stands, carved and gilt, in Oil or burnish'd Gold. Like- 
wise all Sorts of House-Carvings, in Wood or Stone, at 
the lowest Prices. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, October 24, 1765. 

James Strachan & David Davidson. — James Strachan, 
at the Cabinet-Warehouse, upper End of Wall-street, 
New- York, Begs leave to return his most hearty thanks 
to the ladies and gentlemen of this city, &c. for their 
favours during his co-partnership with Mr. D. Davidson, 
deceased, and hopes for their continuance. As he intends 
to carry on the business in its various branches, his Cus- 
tomers may depend on every order being fulfil'd with 
integrity and all possible dispatch, with the best work 

8 Name also spelled Minshull. In later advertisements (1771, 1772) 
Minshall mentions that he teaches drawing. 



FURNITUKE 129 

and materials, having imported by the ship Beulah, Capt. 
Henderson, an assortment of brass furniture, &c. of dif- 
ferent kinds, and newest patterns; also looking glasses 
of different sizes, in carv'd and gilt frames, Ukewise glass 
without frames, so that his employers may chuse frames 
of any pattern or price, either in oyl or burnished gold. 
All sorts of picture frames, gerandoles, brackets, table 
frames, &c. House carving of every kind, gilding and all 
sorts of cabinet work, perform'd in the neatest manner 
and lowest prices. N.B. — He has also imported some ele- 
gant plaister busts. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, October 3, 1768. 

James Strachan. — All persons who have any demands 
on the estate of James Strachan, late of this city. Carver 
and Cabinet-maker, deceased, are desired to bring in 
their accounts, in order for a settlement; and all those 
indebted to said estate, are requested to make speedy 
payment, to Jonathan Blake, Thomas Barrow, or James 
Barrow, who are empower'd to settle and receive the 
same, by Catharine Strachan, Administratrix. 

N.B. The business of the late James Strachan, will be 
carried on in the same shop, as usual; and his widow 
hopes for the continuance of the favours of her late hus- 
band's friends, and the public in general, which will be 
thankfully acknowledged. — The New-York Journal or 
the General Advertiser, February 9, 1769. 

Looking Glass Makers 

Gerardus Duyckinck. — Lookin-glasses new Silvered, 
and the Frames plaine Japan'd or Flowered, also all Sorts 
of Picktures, made and Sold, all manner of painting Work 
done. Likewise Lookinglasses, and all sorts of painting 
Coullers and Oyl sold at reasonable Rates, by Gerardus 
Duyckinck at the Sign of the two Cupids, near the Old 
Slip Market. N.B. Where you may have ready Money 
for old Lookinglasses. — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
January 6, 1735. 



130 THE AETS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Gerardus Duyckinck, Living near the old Slip Mar- 
ket in New- York, continues to carry on the Business of 
his late Father deceas'd, Viz. Limning, Painting, Varnish- 
ing, Japanning, Gilding, Glasing, and Silvering of Look- 
ing-Glasses, all done in the best Manner. 

He also will teach any young Gentleman the art of 
Drawing, with Painting on Glass; and sells all sorts of 
Window-Glasses, white lead, oil and Painter's Colours. — 
The New York Weekly Post-Boy, August 18, 1746. 

Gerardus Duyckinck. — To Be Sold by Gerardus 
Duyckinck, on the Dock, between the Old Slip, and 
Coentjes Market. A very fine Assortment of Glass Pic- 
tures, Paintings on Glass, prospects, History, Sea Skips 
and Land Skips & large Assortment of Entry and Stair 
Case Pieces ready framed. With the Maps of the World : 
And in four Parts. London all on Rollers, Prints of 
Sundry Sorts, Do. ready Coloured for Jappanning ; 

Also a very good Assortment of Limners Colours, 
Japanners Do. with Gold Leaf, jappanners Gold Dust, 
Silver Lead and Silver Dust, Painted Colours, Glass of 
all Sizes, Linsead Oyl, and Sundry other Ship Chandlers 
Ware. 

The said Gerardus Duyckinck, follow the Above Art 
of Painting, Gilding, Japanning &c. as usual at a Rea- 
sonable Rate. — The New-York Weekly Journal, March 
19, 1750. 

James Foddy Looking Glass-Maker, late from London 
Hath brought a Parcel of very fine Pier Glasses, Sconces 
with fine Brass Arms; Dressing- Glasses also of sundry 
sorts, in Glass-Frames, Glass and Gold Frames, Gold 
Frames Japann'd, Wallnut and Olive Wood Frames. 

He is likewise in a readiness to new Quick-Silver and 
take the stains out of Old Looking-Glasses, which will 
render them as good as ever. 

He also undertakes to square Diamond Cut and Polish 
Old Looking-Glasses, and converts them to the best Use. 

All which he performs at reasonable Rates, at the 



FURNITURE 131 

House of Mr. Verplank in the City of New- York. — The 
New-York Gazette, October 6-13, 1729. 

James Foddy, citizen and Glass-seller of London, who 
arrived here the latter End of last June and brought with 
him a Parcel of very fine Looking-Glasses of all Sorts, 
and likewise appeared several Times in this Paper, to 
acquaint the Publick, that he undertook to alter and 
amend Old Looking-Glasses but he not meeting suitable 
Encouragement, is shortly determined for the West- 
Indies: All Persons therefore who are incUn'd to have 
their Glasses repair'd or buy new, may apply to the 
James Foddy at Mr. Verplank's in New- York. — The 
New-York Gazette, April 21-27, 1730. 

James Foddy. — To prevent the Publick from being 
further imposed upon James Foddy (after two years re- 
tirement) is again return'd to the old Bowling-Green, 
where he Undertakes to remedy and put in order Look- 
ing-Glasses that have been injur'd or damaged by igno- 
rant Pretenders to silvering likewise to square. Diamond 
Cut, Polish, and Silver old Looking-Glasses, and convert 
them to the best Use, which will be perform'd at Reason- 
able Rates and the Utmost Expedition, per James 
Foddy. — The New-York Weekly Journal, May 9, 1737. 

Anthony Lamb. — Foliating, or Quick-Silvering all 
sorts of Looking-Glasses and Sconces, neatly done with 
care and expedition, by Anthony Lamb, mathematical 
instrument maker, Uving on Hunters' Key; where may 
be had Godfry's new invented quadrant, for taking the 
lattitude or other altitudes at sea, hydrometers for trying 
the exact strength of spirits, large surveying instruments 
in a more curious manner than usual; which may be used 
in any weather without exception, small ditto which may 
be fixed on the head of a walking stick, and lengthened to 
a commodious height, guaging instruments as now in use, 
according to an act of assembly with all other mathe- 
matical instruments for sea or land, by wholesale or re- 



132 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

tail, at reasonable rates. — The New-York Mercury, June 
11, 1753. 

John Miller. — All Persons indebted to the Estate of 
George Montgomerie, deceased, are hereby desired to pay 
the same to John Miller, Gardner, at the old Bowling 
Green . . . — N.B. You may be furnished with the best 
kind of Garden Seeds, of several Sorts, by the above John 
Miller. Also, Lookinn-Glasses, that have been abus'd or 
spoil'd by ignorant Pretenders, to Silvering may be recti- 
fied and put in Order. — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
February 17, 1735. 

Minshull's Looking Glass Store, Removed from 
Smith street to Hanover-square (opposite Mr. Goelet's 
the sign of the Golden Key,) has for sale, an elegant 
assortment of Looking Glasses, in oval or square orna- 
mental frames ditto mahogany. The greatest variety of 
girandoles ever imported to this city. Brackets for busts 
or lustres and ornaments for chimney pieces, as tablets, 
frieze's &c. Birds and baskets of flowers, for the top of 
book cases or glass frames, gilt bordering for rooms by 
the yard. Engravings by Strange, Wollet, Vivare's & 
other eminent masters. A pleasing variety of mezzo- 
tintos well chosen and beautifully coloured. Also, an ele- 
gant assortment of frames, without Glass. Any Lady or 
Gentleman that have Glass in old Fashioned frames, may 
have them cut to ovals or put in any pattern that pleases 
them best. The above frames may be finished white, or 
green and white, purple, or any colour that suits the 
furniture of the room, or gilt in oil or burnished gold 
equal to the best imported. 

I flatter myself, from the assurance of my correspon- 
dent in London, that when the difference is settled be- 
tween England and the Colonies, of having my store 
constantly supplied with the above articles, as will give 
a general satisfaction to those who please to favour me 
with their command. 

N.B. An apprentice is wanted to the Carving and 



FURNITURE 133 

Gilding ; none need apply but those who have a lad of a 
sober and promising genius, and are willing to give a 
Premium. Money for broken Looking Glass are taken in 
Exchange. — The New-York Journal or the General Ad^ 
vertiser, March 16, 1775. 



Looking Glasses 

Looking Glasses. — To be Sold by Publick Vendue at 
the Old Slip-Market on Tuesday November 6th, five fine 
large looking-Glasses. — The New-York Gazette, October 
15-22, 1733. 

Looking Glass. — Among other things sold by the 
printer . . . Large Looking-Glass, six Foot long and two 
Foot and half broad. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, April 12, 1756. 

Imported Looking Glasses. — Just imported from 
London by Sidney Breese . . . Looking Glasses, framed 
in the Newest Taste, from 8s to £30 a piece . . . — The 
New-York Mercury, June 1, 1761. 

Looking Glasses, Sconce Glasses, Dressing 
Glasses, Undressing Glasses . . . imported by Sidney 
Breese from London. — The New-York Mercury, May 23, 
1763. 

A Looking-Glass Grinder, and Pohsher, is wanted for 
South-CaroHna. If there be such an One at Hand, he 
may apply to the Printer hereof. — The New-York Ga- 
zette, January 5-12, 1767. 

Looking Glasses. — Sold at Rhinelander's Store . . . 
Looking-Glasses of all sizes, from 2 1. to 14 1. each . . . 
— Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, January 13, 1774. 

Looking Glasses. — A Very elegant assortment of both 
oval and square, of various sizes, and Scotch carpets and 



134 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

carpeting, to be sold very low, by John Stites. — Riving- 
ton's New-York Gazetteer, May 12, 1774. 



Upholsterers 

Richard Bird, Upholsterer, lately arrived from Lon- 
don, Takes this Method to acquaint those Gentlemen 
and Ladies who will Please to Honour him with their 
Commands, that he will execute his Business in the Most 
approved Manner now in Vogue: He is to be heard of 
(at present) in Cortland Street, opposite the late Alder- 
man Cortland's. N.B. Paper hung on the most reason- 
able terms. — The New-York Mercury, June 15, 1761. 

John Brower, Upholsterer, At the Crown and 
Cushion, in Broad-Street; Makes all kinds of Beds, Mat- 
trasses, Festeen Window Curtains, stuffs and covers 
Sophas, Couches, Easy Chairs, French Chairs, back 
Stools, &c. Paper hangings put up in City or Country in 
the best Manner: said Brown [sic] makes Tents, Camp 
Equipage, and all Branches in that Business, performed 
in the best Manner, and at reasonable Rates. It shall be 
my chief Care and Study, to use my best Endeavours to 
bring every Thing in the least Compass of Expence pos- 
sible, to those who shall be pleased to employ me. — The 
New-York Mercury, May 20, 1765. 

Stephen Callow, Upholsterer, from London, Now 
living at the lower End of Stone-Street, in New- York; 
Performs all Sorts of Upholsterers Work, Beds, Chairs, 
Seattees, &c. and hkewise hangs Rooms with Paper or 
Stuff in the newest Fashion. N.B. He also hangs Bells 
in the best Manner. — The New-York Gazette Revived 
in the Weekly Post-Boy, November 6, 1749. 

Stephen Callow. — All Persons having any Demands 
on Stephen Callow, of this City are desired to bring in 
their Accounts and they shall receive Payment; & all 
those indebted to the said Callow, are desired to dis- 



FURNITURE 135 

charge the same, by the first of March next, to prevent 
trouble, as he intends to leave the City in March. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, February 
16, 1764. 

Stephen Callow, Upholsterer, Is returned to this 
City, and Hves at his own House in Wall-Street, being the 
Place he usually lived in; where he intends to carry on 
his Business in all its various Branches and will be much 
obhged to Gentlemen, Ladies, and others, who please to 
favour him with their Commands, which he will execute 
in the newest and genteelest Taste. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, June 6, 1768 {Sup- 
plement). 

Christopher Thomas Clarke, In Broad-Street, Cor- 
ner of Flattin-Burgh Hill, Intending to follow the Cab- 
inet and Upholsterers Business, will sell at publick Sale 
all his remaining Store of Dry Goods and Jewellery ; the 
Sale to begin this Morning and continue till all are sold. 

Goods selling daily at Moore and Lynsens's Vendue; 
also a valuable Negro Wench, who is a good Cook, and 
well recommended, to be sold at private Sale. — The New- 
York Mercury, August 18, 1766. 

Joseph Cox, Upholsterer, from London, now Hving in 
the house lately possessed by Charles Johnston, next 
door to Dr. Wilham Brownjohn, in Hanover Square; 
Makes beds. Window Curtains, chairs, &c. and every 
other articles in the upholstery way, in the neatest and 
most genteel manner, and on the most reasonable terms ; 
and will be much obliged to all gentlemen. Ladies and 
others, for their custom, whose work shall be finished 
with care and dispatch. — The New-York Mercury, July 
19, 1756. 

Joseph Cox. — Just imported in the Minerva, Capt. 
Tillet, from London, and to be sold very cheap, by Joseph 
Cox, Upholsterer, at the Royal-Bed and Star, in Wall- 



136 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

street, A Neat Assortment of very handsome Paper 
Hangings, and a great Variety of Furniture Checks of 
the newest-fashioned Colours, Worsted Damasks, Mor- 
reens, Harrateens, and Chineas, Lines and Tossels, 
Cotton Counterpaines, green Musqueto Neeting, super- 
fine India Chintz Counterpaines, with every other Article 
in the Upholstery Way, and all kinds of Work in that 
Branch, done as usual, at the lowest Rates. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, February 22, 
1768. 

Joseph Cox, Upholsterer, Cabinet and Chair Maker 
from London, at the Royal Bed and Star, in Wall-street, 
New York, Makes all sorts of canopy festoon, field, and 
tent bedsteads and furniture ; also every sort of drapery, 
window curtains; likewise sopha, settees, couches, bur- 
gairs, French elbow, easy and corner chairs; back stools, 
mewses, ribband back, gothic and rail back chair; ladies 
and gentlemens desk and book cases, cabinets, chest of 
drawers, commode dressing and toilet tables; writing, 
reading, side board, card, and night ditto, cloth presses, 
and chest China shelves, ecoinures, fire screens, voiders, 
brackets for lustres and busts: with every other article 
in the cabinet and upholstery branches: All finished in 
the newest Taste, and greatest dispatch. 

Likewise just opened, a great variety of lines and 
tassels for bed and window curtains, of different colours ; 
lines, and a few very handsome balance tassels for hall 
Ian thorns; two sets of black silk tassels for palls, with 
a large assortment of bed laces, amongst which is some 
white cotton bed lace of a new manufactory; and white 
f ringers for ditto. 

N.B. All sorts of hangings put up in the best manner, 
camp equipage compleated, and matrasses of all sorts 
and prices. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, October 
7, 1773 {Supplement). 

John Davis, Takes this method to inform his friends 
and the public in general, that he has opened a Shop 



FURNITURE 137 

in the house formerly occupied by James and Arthur 
Jarvis, in Queen-street, between Beekman and BurHng 
shps, where he proposes to carry on the Upholstery Busi- 
ness in its various branches; viz. tents, camp bedsteads, 
drums and colours, &c. &c. where all those who are 
pleased to favour him with their commands, shall meet 
with general satisfaction. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, December 9, 1776. 

Elizabeth Evans, Takes this method to acquaint her 
friends and the public, that she is returned to this city, 
where she has been employed for several years, and given 
general satisfaction, in making up in the neatest manner 
and newest taste, all sorts of Upholstery work, such as 
festoon bed and window curtains, field or camp beds, 
Ketty fishers, wrought quilts, chair, sopha and settee 
cases; also ladies boned waiscoats and stays; all which 
she will execute with care and punctuaHty. Any com- 
mands for her, sent to Benjamin Getfield's, Breeches- 
maker, No. 198, in Queen-Street, opposite Burling's Slip, 
will be immediately attended to. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, August 26, 1776. 

Theodosius Fowler, Upholsterer, Opposite the old 
English Church, Great George Street, Makes all sorts of 
Canopy, festoon, field bed, and window drapery curtains, 
also stuffed sofas, settees, couches, French, elbow, easy, 
corner and backstool chairs, with every other article in 
the upholstery branch, finished in the genteelest and 
newest taste with the greatest of dispatch. Also just 
imported, a great variety of lines and tassels for beds 
and window curtains of various colours, with an assort- 
ment of bed lace of different kinds. 

N.B. All sorts of paper hangings put in the best and 
cheapest manner, and all sorts of mattrasses of sundry 
prices. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, June 2, 1774. 

James Huthwaite, Upholsterer and Chair stuffer 
from London. Now living at Mr. M'MuUan's in Han- 



138 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

over Square, New- York; Makes up all Sorts of Beds and 
Window Curtains in the neatest Manner: Also Mat- 
rasses and Beds for Sea: He likewise undertakes to 
destroy the Buggs entirely, without damaging the Furni- 
ture; And does all Sorts of Paper Hangings after the 
compleatest Manner. — The New-York Gazette Revived 
in the Weekly Post-Boy, June 19, 1749. 

James Huthwaite and Stephen Callow, Uphol- 
sterers from London, hving in Bridge-Street, near the 
Long-Bridge; Makes all Sorts of Beds, Settees, Chairs 
and Couches, after the newest Fashion: Likewise stuffs 
Riding Chairs, and hangs Rooms with Paper and Other 
Things. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, April 9, 1750. 

George Richey, Upholsterer and Tent-Maker, from 
Great-Britain, at his Shop two Doors from the Mer- 
chant's-Coffee-House ; Makes all sorts of Beds, Chairs 
and easy Chairs, Settees, Couch-Beds, Suppose; likewise 
Field and Tent Beds, fitting for Gentlemen of the Army; 
with all sorts of Tents and Markees fitting for the Cam- 
paign, and all sorts of Matrasses fitting for the Sea or 
Land Service. 

N.B. He likewise has a great Variety of Paper Hang- 
ings for Rooms of the newest Patterns. All Gentlemen, 
Ladies and others, that please to favour him with their 
Custom, may depend on having any of the above Articles 
on the most reasonable Rates. — The New-York Mercury, 
July 30, 1759. 

George Richey, Upholsterer and tent-Maker, At the 
Sign of the Crown and Thistle at the Upper End of 
Bayard-Street. Takes this Method to inform the Public, 
that he makes all Sorts of Upholstery Work, in the 
newest and genteelest Fashions, practised in London; 
such as Beds, Window-Curtains, Chairs, Easy-Chairs, 
Couches, setees, Sofa's, Field and Tent Beds, Camp 
Tables and Stools, all Sorts of Tents & Markees, square 



FURNITURE 139 

and Horsemen's Tents, with Valeces for ditto, also 
Havarsacks, Kettle Bags, and Camp Colours. Paper 
hung, and all Sorts of Matrasses, proper for either Land 
or Sea Service, made and sold as above ; likewise Tassels 
for Furniture and Chariots, as good and cheap, as can 
be imported from England. Any Ladies or Gentlemen, 
that pleased to favour him with their Employment, may 
depend upon being well served, and at the most reason- 
able Rsites.— The New-York Chronicle, May 8-15, 1769. 

John Taylor, Upholsterer and House-Broker from 
London . . . sells the following . . . Four Post, bureau, 
table, tent, field and turnup bedsteads, with silk and 
worsted damask, morine, harateen, china, printed cotton 
for check furnitures; festoon, Venetian, and drapery 
window curtains, easy chairs, sophas, tent and camp 
equipages; floor and bed side carpets, feather beds, 
blankets, quilts and counterpains, sconce, chimney pier 
and dressing glasses in mahogany, carved and gilt frames, 
card, dining, tea, dressing and night tables; mahogany 
and other chairs, fire-irons, brass fenders, shovels, pokers, 
and tongs, copper tea-kettles sauce pans, and all manner 
of chamber, parlour and kitchen furniture too tedious to 
mention . . . Funerals decently performed. — The New- 
York Journal or General Advertiser, March 24, 1768. 

John Taylor, Late of Cow-Foot-Hill in the City of 
New- York, Upholsterer, but now of the Glass-House, at 
Newfoundland, in the Out-Ward of the said City, 
Returns his most grateful Thanks to those Ladies and 
Gentlemen who were pleased to encourage him in that 
Business ; but finding it not being possible to answer his 
Expectations, has declined the same, and removed to the 
aforementioned Place, commonly called or known by the 
Name of the Glass-House ; . . . — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, June 13, 1768 {Supplement). 

John Taylor, Late of the Glass-House; Returns his 
most sincere thanks to the ladies and gentlemen of the 
city, and the pubHc in general, for all the favour they 



140 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

have been pleased to confer on him, and begs leave to 
inform them he has remov'd into the house next to Mr. 
Ennis Graham's in Wall-street: where he intends carry- 
ing on the business of a cabinet maker, upholsterer, and 
auctioneer; such ladies, gentlemen, and merchants, who 
shall be pleased to honour him with their commands, 
may depend the greatest attention shall be paid to dis- 
charge all trusts reposed in him, in a most accurate and 
early manner. He also proposes buying and selling by 
public or private sale, estates, ships, stores, all manner 
of household furniture, linen, china, plate, jewels, books, 
and all sorts of wares and merchandise, &c. Also takes 
in exchange for new work executed by him any of the 
above articles. 

The following information is with great deference 
offered, and humbly conceiv'd it may tend to some recom- 
mendation. The buying and selling all the above recited 
articles has been his sole study for seventeen years, viz. 
Eight of them under his father, and nine for himself; 
and farther is at this juncture a sworn exchange broker 
and appraisor, of the city of London. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, June 4, 1770. 

Richard Wenman Upholsterer, near the Broad Way, 
in Little Queen Street, near the Scot's Meeting-House. 
Being inform'd by some of his good Friends, that it has 
been publickly reported, he did not carry on the Uphol- 
sterer's Business: Takes this Method to inform the 
Gentlemen and Ladies of this City, that he Makes Beds 
and Furniture of all Sorts, Tents of all Sorts, Puts up 
Paper Linings of Rooms, and Performs all Parts of the 
Upholsterer's Business in the neatest Manner. 

Has to sell. Lines and Tossels, Also a Negro Boy, about 
15 or 16 Years old, who has had the small Pox. — The 
Neio-York Gazette or the Weekly Post Boy, January 6, 
1763. 

Richard Wenman, Upholster, in Little Queen's- 
Street, opposite the New- York Arms, has to sell; A 



FURNITURE 141 

Parcel of live Feathers, very cheap for Cash or short 
Credit; likewise has to sell, all Sort of bed Binding, of 
different Colours; he has likewise to sell, Tossels and 
Line for Window Curtains; he Hkewise follows the Up- 
holsterer's Business, and will do his Endeavour to satisfy 
those that is willing to employ him. — The New-York 
Mercury, March 17, 1766. 

Richard Wenman, is once more obhged to acquaint 
the Public, that he still continues carrying on the Uphol- 
sterers Business as usual, altho' it has been reported by 
some malicious Person or Persons, that he had quitted 
his Business entirely; which Report, he hopes will be 
more to his Advantage than to his Disadvantage. He has 
to dispose of some Lines and Tussels of different Colours, 
for Window Curtains. The Person who borrowed the 
Key that he used to take down Bedsteads with, is desired 
to return it again. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, July 16, 1770. 

Blanch White, Upholsterer from London, Two Doors 
above Mr. Parker's Priiiting-ofl&ce Beaver Street: Makes 
all kinds of Bed Furniture, in the newest Fashion, and 
at the most reasonable Rates: also Tents, Marquees, 
Bell Tents, Horsemen's Tents, private Tents, Drums, 
&c. &c. 

N.B. The said Blanch White, has followed the Business 
for many Years past in Philadelphia, and must be known 
to some Gentlemen of the Military in this City, to which 
she is now removed; and will be very careful in execut- 
ing any Orders with Punctuality and Dispatch. — The 
New-York Journal or General Advertiser, September 3, 
1767. 

Blanch White, Upholsterer and Undertaker, from 
London, on the New-Dock, next Door but one to Alder- 
man Livingston's; Makes all kinds of Upholstry-Work, 
in the newest Fashion and on the most reasonable 
Terms; likewise all kinds of Field Equipage, Drums, &c. 



142 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Funerals furnish'd with all Things necessarj^ and proper 
Attendance as in England. 

Mrs. White Begs leave to acquaint the Ladies and 
Gentlemen, that she washes all Sorts of Gauze Laces, 
caps, on the Wires; Silk Stockings, &c. in the neatest 
Manner, she having a proper Frame, and a Stove for 
bleaching. Flounces and Trimmings for Ladies Robes, 
neatly pinck'd; also Shrouds and Sheets. — The New- 
York Journal or General Advertiser, January 7, 1768. 

Position Wanted. — A young man (an upholsterer) 
lately from London, would be glad of employment from 
any master upholsterer or cabinet maker, or from any 
gentleman either in town or country, to do any kind of 
that business, particularly stuffing chairs, soffas, making 
up bed hanging, window curtains of all sorts, Venetian 
window blinds, putting up paper hangings, &c. all which 
he will do in the best manner; and, as he is a stranger, 
and wishes for encouragement he will work on the 
lowest terms. . . . — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, August 8, 1774. 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 
Clock and Watch Makers 

James Abbets. — This is to give Notice to the Publick, 
That James Abbets, Watch-Maker, in Albany, intends 
shortly to remove from said Place: all Persons there- 
fore that have any Watches in his Hands, are desired to 
make speedy Application for them. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, March 11, 1760. 

Benjamin Bagnel. — Run away from Joshua Dela- 
plaine, of New- York Joyner, an Apprentice . . . Who- 
ever shall take up said Apprentice and bring him to his 
Master; or secure and give Notice to his Master, or to 
Benjamin Bagnel Watch-maker in Boston . . . shall 
have Thirty ShiUngs as a Reward . . . — The New-York 
Gazette, July 30-August 6, 1733. 

Bartholomew Barwell. — All Sorts of Clocks, Clean'd 
and mended in the best Manner, and at the most 
reasonable Rates, with Expedition, by Bartholomew 
Barwell, lately from the City of Bath : now living at the 
House of Rene Hett, in the Smith's Fly, near the Fly- 
Market, in New- York. — The New-York Gazette Revived 
in the Weekly Post-Boy, August 21, 1749. 

Bartholomew Barwell. — Whereas it has been falsly 
reported. That I Bartholomew Barwell, of the City of 
New- York, Clock-Maker, am entrusted with the Care of 
the Clock belonging to the New Dutch Church of this 
City, greatly to my Hurt and Prejudice: This is therefore 
to acquaint the Publick, that I am not in the least con- 
cerned with the Care of it, otherwise than w^hen em- 
ployed to clean it, as it is now, and for many years past 
143 



144 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

has been, under the Care of Mr. Isaac Vanhook. Said 
Barwell continues his Business of Clock-Mending and 
Cleaning, at his House in the Fly and shall be glad to 
obHge all those who may think proper to employ their 
Very Humble Servant, Bartholomew Barwell. — The 
New-York Mercury, December 25, 1752. 

Bartholomew Barwell, Living next Door to the 
Widow Derham's, between the Fly and Meal-Markets, 
has just imported in the Brig Concord, Capt. Jacobson, 
from London. Some very neat Clocks; and likewise 
Childrens Leather Shoes, from three Years to fifteen, by 
the Groce, Dozen, or single pair. — The New-York 
Gazette, August 11, 1760. 

Richard Breckell. — A mechanical puppet show pre- 
sented by Richard Breckell . . . who mends and cleans 
all sorts of clocks, reasonably — New-York Mercury, De- 
cember 29, 1755. 

Charles Oliver Brufp, Goldsmith and jeweller, At 
the Sign of the Tea-pot, Tankard, and Ear-ring, has 
removed his Shop from Rotten-Row, opposite to the 
Fly-Market, and but two Doors from the main Street; 
... he mends ladies fans in the neatest manner, and 
cleans watches, and puts glass in for one shilhng a piece ; 
and sells chains, seals, and keys. . . . — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, June 19, 1769. 

James Bruff. — At the Sign of the Clock and two 
Watches, opposite to Mr. Roorback's, at the Fly-Market, 
is made and repaired at reasonable Rates, Clocks and 
Watches; will keep in Repair by the year. Clocks plain 
or musical; also is done at the said Shop, fine gilding with 
Gold, either Watch Cases, Cocks and SUdes, Snuff Boxes, 
Ladies Equipage, &c. in the best Manner; China is also 
riveted at the said Shop three different Ways, and orna- 
mented with Birds, Beasts, Fish, Flowers, or Piece of 
Masonry, by a curious and skilful Workman ; great Care 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 145 

shall be taken to dispatch whatsoever is undertaken, and 
doubt not but to give general Satisfaction, to those 
Gentlemen and Ladies, who will be pleased to favour me 
with their Custom, and grateful Thanks from their 
humble Servant, James Bruff. — The New-York Mercury, 
February 3, 1766. 

George Chester, Watch-Maker, from London, begs 
leave to inform, That he has just opened Shop at the 
Sign of the Dial, on the New-Dock, and next Door to 
Mr. Van Dyck, the Hatter's; where he intends to sell 
and repair all Sorts of Clocks and Watches. Those 
Gentlemen and Ladies who are pleased to honour him 
with their Employ, May depend on the greatest Care 
imaginable, and utmost Dispatch, at the most reasonable 
Prices now in London. Said Chester has a few second 
Hand Watches to dispose of reasonable, and a very good 
Eight-day Clock, which will come cheap. — The New- 
York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, March 14, 1757. 

Isaac Doolittle. — ^We are well assured, that Mr. Isaac 
Doolittle, Clock and Watch-Maker of New-Haven, has 
lately compleated a Mahogany Printing-Press on the 
most approved Construction, which, by some of the best 
Judges in the Printing Way is allowed to be the neatest 
ever made in America, and equal, if not superior to any 
imported from Great-Britain: This Press, we are told, 
is for the Use of Mr. Wilham Goddard of Philadelphia, 
Printer of the Pennsylvania Chronicle. — News item from 
Newport in The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, August 21, 1769. 

John Ent, Clock and Watch-maker, at the Sign of the 
Dial and Time, opposite the Old-Slip-Market, New- 
York, makes and mends all sorts of Clocks and Watches, 
in the neatest Manner, as cheap as in London : Likewise 
repairs and cleans aU sorts of Clocks and Watches, with 
Care and Dispatch, at reasonable Rates. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post^Boy, November 8, 1756. 



146 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Thomas Evans, Watch-Maker, from London, At his 
Shop opposite the Meal Market, and but two Doors 
from Mr. Malcom Campbells, Cleans and Repairs all 
Sorts of Watches, plain, repeating or horizontal Kind. 
Ladies and Gentlemen, that please to Favour him with 
their Custom, may depend upon having it performed 
with Dispatch, and on reasonable Terms, Said Evans 
cleans and repairs Clocks of all Kinds, and will undertake 
to look after them by the year.^ — The New-York Gazette, 
May 26, 1760. 

Basil Francis, Watch-Maker, At the Dial, between 
the Dutch Church and the Market in Albany; Being 
regularly bred to the business in London, and having 
wrought for some of the most eminent masters of that 
art in said city, as an approved workman; and as he 
hath given satisfaction to those that have already 
favoured him with their custom, flatters himself, he shall 
meet with encouragement from the public, which he will 
ever endeavour to merit, by his assiduity to satisfy and 
oblige those who please to employ him. He repairs 
watches and clocks with accuracy and dispatch, and 
insures their performance for one year (accidents and 
mismanagement excepted) as cheap as is consistent with 
justice to himself and employer. 

The great botch-work that is to be observed in many 
watches, is a convincing proof that there are many pre- 
tenders to the business who by their great ingeniuty have 
learnt to take (or rather break) a watch to pieces, and by 
their botch-work, before they can set them ticking, often 
render many good watches almost beyond the ability of 
the best workmen to rectify, being better skilled in the 
destruction than construction of the machine. Such 
must be acknowledged by all to be very dear to their 
employers, if they were to pay for being so employed. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 
24, 1773. 

1 Advertisements by Evans still appeared in 1763. 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 147 

Basil Francis. — Ten Dollars Reward. Whereas a cer- 
tain William Hill, in the beginning of Sept. last, did in 
a fraudulent manner, obtain of the subscriber one pinch- 
beck watch, with a single case, winds up in the face, the 
hole where the key goes a little flowered. He is a well 
made man, about 5 feet 7 inches high, dark complexion, 
with short curl'd black hair, has an odd kind of speech, 
somewhat Hke the high Dutch accent, says he is an 
Englishman, and a gunsmith, but he has wrought at the 
silver-smith's business, and commonly wears blue cloaths. 
Whoever apprehends the said William Hill, so that he 
may be brought to justice and the watch obtained, shall 
be entitled to the above reward, or for either watch or 
man five dollars, paid by Basil Francis, Watch and clock- 
maker, in Albany, Who makes and repairs watches and 
clocks with accuracy; those who please to employ him, 
may depend on a full exertion of his abilities to give 
general satisfaction. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, January 3, 1774. 

Charles Geddes, Watch-Maker and Finisher, from 
London, (late from Boston) Begs leave to acquaint his 
friends and customers, that he has opened shop in Queen- 
street, between Burhng's and Beekman's-Shp, a little 
north of the Fly-Market; where he carries on his business 
as usual. He has for Sale, a variety of Watches, in silver 
and pinchbeck cases, chains, &c. 

N.B. Merchants or Masters of vessels having watch 
materials to dispose of will meet with a purchaser, by 
apply to Geddes. Wanted a Journeyman, who under- 
stands his business, to whom good encouragement will be 
given. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, August 26, 1776. 

Gladman & Williams. — Messrs. Gladman & Williams, 
Clock and Watchmakers, from the late Mr. G. Graham's, 
Take this Method to acquaint Gentlemen, Merchants, 
and others. That they have opened a Shop next to St. 
Sepulchre's Church, on Snow Hill, London; where all 



148 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Orders they may be favoured with in that Branch, from 
any of his Majesty's Colonies, shall be executed in the 
most masterly Manner and with the utmost Expedition. 
— The New-York Mercury, November 12, 1764. 

Thomas Gordon, Watch-Maker, from London, oppo- 
site the Merchant's Coffee-House, in New- York. Care- 
fully cleans and repairs, in the very best Manner, all 
Sorts of horizontal, Plain, or repeating Watches and 
Clocks, at reasonable Rates. — The New-York Mercury, 
February 19, 1758. 

Thomas Gordon, Watchmaker from London Who 
lately lived near the Merchant's Coffee-House in this 
City, is now moved into the Shop of Mr. Hastier, in 
Hanover Square, opposite to Doctor Brownjohn's, and 
next door to the Comer adjoining Wall-Street; where he 
repairs in the best Manner (as formerly) Repeating, 
Horizontal, and other kinds of Watches; musical, chym- 
ing, and other Clocks, at the most reasonable Prices.^ — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 
24, 1769. 

Isaac Heron. — All sorts of Watches, Clocks, Jewellery 
and Plate, repair'd in the best manner and upon reason- 
able Terms, by Isaac Heron, in Bound-Brook, New 
Jersey. All Watches repair'd by him, he upholds and 
warrants their Performance for one Year: those he seUs, 
he warrants for a Term of Years, according to their value, 
provided their failure proceed not from Accident or mis- 
management. — The New-York Mercury, July 2, 1764. 

Isaac Heron. — Repeating, Horizontal, and all Sorts of 
Watches repaired in the best Manner, on the most rea- 
sonable Terms, by Isaac Heron, Watch-Maker, at Mr. 
Stuyvesant's Vendue-House, opposite the Meal Market, 
New- York. He upholds and warrants their Performance 
for one Year, Provided they fail not through an Accident, 

2 Advertisements by Gordon still appeared in 1771. 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 149 

or Mismanagement. Those he sells he warrants for a 
Term of Years, according to their Value. 

Said Heron takes this pubUc Method to return the 
Gentlemen of New-Jersey his sincere and grateful 
Thanks, for their kind Encouragement of him, whilst he 
resided at Boundbrook ; and hopes that those he has been 
so happy to Please, will yet, (when Convenient) continue 
to Favour him with their Employ; to Merit which, he is 
determined to exert himself; and if any of the Work he 
has done in the last Year should fail, he begs it may be 
sent to him being as earnest to Rectify that he is paid for, 
as to receive his Money when earn'd. Watches left for 
him, at Mr. Neilson's Store, or at Mr. Duffs' in New 
Brunswick, Mr. Hetfield's in Elizabeth-Town, Mr. Banks's 
in Newark, with Mr. Bryan Laverty at Amboy; at Mr. 
Mellen's in Millstone, Mr. Duyckinck's at the New 
Branch, at the Union Store; Mr. Stewart's at Hacket's- 
Town, and Mr. Kinney's in Morris-Town, may depend on 
their being carefully repair'd, justly charg'd for, and 
return'd with all possible Dispatch, By the Publick's 
humble Servant, Isaac Heron. — The New-York Gazette, 
May 5, 1766. 

Isaac Heron. — Repeating and plain, gold, silver and 
pinchbeck watches; jewellery and plate of the newest 
taste, to be sold by Isaac Heron, watch-maker, at Mr. 
Stuyvesant's vendue-house, opposite the upper end of 
the coffee-house-bridge. New- York. N.B. He takes old 
gold, silver and lace, in exchange. Those watches he sells 
and repairs, he warrants as usual. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 2, 1768. 

Isaac Heron. — A Musical Clock, noble and elegant, 
which cost in England, £ 80. A Gold Repeating Watch 
neat and good, cost £ 50. both to be sold at (nearly) 
Currency for Sterhng, by Isaac Heron, Watch Maker, 
facing the Coffee House Bridge. 

A neat and extraordinary good chamber Repeating 
Clock, a few Silver and Pinchbeck Watches, Seals, chains, 



150 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

keys, and Trinkets; Earings of Paste and Marquisette, 
Enamell and ditto, and Mother O'pearl and ditto, some 
Wax and Jett ditto. Locket Buttons by the Card or pair, 
Etwees, Enamel'd Snuff Boxes, plated Buckles, etc. etc. 
All which he will sell at a very low rate. He humbly 
entreats those who are indebted to him to pay as soon 
as convenient, lest his Creditors should begin to think it 
inconvenient to trust him longer. Those who have 
Watches in his Care above six Months, are requested to 
call for them. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, July 23, 1770. 

Isaac Heron. — At the Sign of the Arch'd Dial, by the 
upper End of the Coffee-House Bridge; Isaac Heron 
Watch-Maker, Has an Assortment of Watches, and the 
best, second, third, fourth, fifth, bad, and worse Sorts; 
some very neat, some very ugly, and others — so, so ; most 
of them in plain, and a few in engrav'd, gold, silver, gilt, 
and shagreen'd, double and single Cases; some he war- 
rants for a long Time, some for a shorter Time, and 
others for no Time, at all. . . . — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, April 15, 1771. 

Isaac Heron, Watch-Maker, at the corner by the 
Coffee-House, sign an arched Dial; has for sale, a Few 
very fashionable warranted watches, in gold, silver, gilt 
and green cases, which he will sell as low as they retailed 
in London. Also, Ladies elegant steel watch-chains; 
mens do. seals, trinkets, glasses, springs, strings, and keys 
by the dozen; enamelled-dials ; elegant do. for the Craft, 
Ancient, and Modern. Elegant broach-jewels for their 
honest breasts; sword knots, sundries, &c. with Sprigs, 
which more beauteous makes the fair; and lockets, 
various, for the hair. 

These watches he repairs, he does as well and charges 
as low for, as his neighbours, i.e. as near the London 
prices as possible. To say more, would neither be pru- 
dent nor honest. As usual, he warrants their perform- 
ance — not for ever, but one year, and if they be not very 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 151 

bad, for ten; after the first, at 4s. per ann. for each, 
cleaning; accidents and mismanagement of them ex- 
cepted; but. 

Should the all-sustaining hand him drop. 
His movements all springs, wheels hands must stop ! 
Then, like the tale of "a, bear and fiddle," 
This bargain — "breaks off in the middle." 
He is extremely grateful to his friends, and the in- 
dulgent pubUc for their smiles and favours, and really 
means to merit a continuance of them. . . . — The New- 
York Journal or General Advertiser, December 24, 1772. 

Isaac Heron. — The Inhabitants are desired to be 
careful of their Doors, Windows, &c. as there are a set of 
House breakers now in Town. Some of them broke off 
one of the Shutters, and a Pane of Isaac Heron's Shop 
Window, on Sunday the 27th ult. so early as 9 o'Clock 
in the Night. The Noise alarmed the Family, and the 
Villains made off. 

Isaac Heron presents his Compliments to those Gentry, 
and congratulates them on their getting so clean off, on 
a Night so very dirty and wet. If they choose to return, 
during the cold Season, he will take care to provide them 
a warm Reception. And will endeavour to prevail upon 
them to leave behind e're they go, some Proof of their 
Identity; such as an amputated Limb, or, even a Snuff 
box full of Brains. The latter may be of Use to our very 
vigilant City Watch, though, it is thought they sleep 
pretty sound with the few they have got. — News item in 
The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, Janu- 
ary 7, 1773. 

Isaac Heron. — Choice and Cheap, or Union of the 
Good and Beautiful, exemplified in an assemblage of 
warranted Watches, Isaac Heron, near the Coffee-House, 
has received by the Rosamond, Also, a few for jockies, 
of that quality which a Frenchman would style patraques, 
to which a Dutchman would give the epithet Schlegt; 
a Scotchman that of littleguid-warth ; and Irishman, 



152 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

neenshagamagh ; an Englishman, poor- thing, runner, 
bauble, d — d bad, &c. Such to be sure he warrants — not. 
Patent Keys, trinkets, &c. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, April 18, 1774. 

Isaac Heron. — . . . He earnestly, yet humbly en- 
treats those indebted to him, that they will be as speedy 
as possible in discharging the same (however small the 
sum) and assist him, in his laudable exertions to crawl 
from under the debt he owes. Besides, he begs they will 
deign to consider he has a large family, and that market- 
money really becomes exceeding scarce. — Rivington's 
New-York Gazetteer, November 16, 1775. 

Isaac Heron. — A Capp'd Silver Watch, H. Thomas, 
maker. No 5000, stolen. Isaac Heron will amply reward 
any person who shall produce it, or the thief. Said Heron 
wants journeymen and materials, such as sizeable springs, 
glasses, &c. Indeed, his case is pretty similar to that of 
their High and Mightinesses, the Congress, L — d 
d — them! (He hopes those three simple consonants won't 
offend them) who, before the extinction of their northern 
army, wanted, only men, money and cannon, to make a 
compleat conquest of All Canada. Coffee-House-Bridge; 
New- York. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, October 21, 1776. 

HxjRTiN & BuRGi, Watch makers and Silver-smiths, at 
Bound Brook, Repairs repeating horizontal, and all sorts 
of watches and clocks, in the best manner and at the 
Cheapest rates; Any gentlemen or ladies who are pleased 
to favour them with their custom, may depend on having 
their command executed with the greatest care and punc- 
tuality. They will exert themselves in the compliance 
with all reasonable commands that may be given both 
in the performance of the work and any other way which 
may have a tendency to merit the custom, favour, and 
good will of the pubhck &c. per the publick's humble 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 153 

servants, W. Hurtin and F. Burgi. — The New-York 
Mercury, May 19, 1766. 

William Hurtin. — Left some parts of a clock, which 
the owner may have again, by applying to William 
Hurtin, Watch maker on Golden Hill, proving their prop- 
erty and paying charges. — The Constitutional Gazette, 
May 29, 1776. 

Samuel Jbfferys. — Ran away ... an indented Eng- 
lish servant man, named Jonathan Pinkard, by trade a 
Watch maker from Samuel Jefferys, Watch maker, in 
Philadelphia. — The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, April 8, 1773. 

William Kumbel, Clock and Watch-Maker, at the 
sign of the Dial, near the Coenties Market, Begs leave to 
inform the public, that he carries on said business in all 
its branches ; Hkewise the gold and silver smiths business. 
Any gentlemen or ladies who favours him with their 
work, may depend on its being done in the neatest 
manner, and at the most reasonable rate, with the 
quickest dispatch. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, July 24, 1775. 

White Matlack. — In the advertisement of George 
Leedell, book binder, mention is made that he has re- 
moved to Peck's-slip, next door to Mr. White Matlack's, 
watch-maker, — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, May 3, 1773. 

White Matlaok. — Lost. Among other things at the 
dreadful fire last Monday, a plain silver Watch, maker's 
name White Matlack, in New- York, no 12 or 123. Any 
person that has found it, and will please to bring it to 
the subscriber, will greatly obHge an unhappy and dis- 
tressed sufferer. George Fisher. — The New-York 
Journal or General Advertiser, May 18, 1775. 



154 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

White Matlack. — Lost between Beekman's Slip and 
the incampment of the first brigade. A Silver Watch, 
with a china face, steel chain, the swivel has been newly 
brazed in, and goes stiff, has been lately cleaned by White 
Matlack of this city, and has one of his papers in the case. 
Whoever has picked up said Watch, and will return it to 
the subscriber, in Col. Read's regiment, shall receive a 
handsome reward. George Whipple. — The Constitu- 
tional Gazette, May 11, 1776. 

Aaron Miller, Clock-Maker, in Elizabeth Town, East 
New- Jersey; Makes and sells all Sorts of Clocks, after 
the best Manner, with expedition: He likewise makes 
Compasses and Chains for Surveyors; as also Church 
Bells of any size, he having a Foundry for that Purpose, 
and has cast several which have been approved to be 
good; and will supply any Persons on a Timely Notice, 
with any of the above Articles, at very reasonable Rates. 
— The New York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post- 
Boy, January 4, 1748. 

Philip Miller. — Whereas on Monday night the 15 
inst. the shop of Philip Miller, of this City, watchmaker, 
was robbed ^ of the folowing articles, viz. 8 pair of soUd 
shoe buckles, 6 pair of open work, ditto, 18 sorted hat 
buckles, 3 pair of carved knee buckles, 6 silver seals, 4 
pair of clasps; 1 pair of httle paste buckles, 9 stone 
broaches, 15 pair of stone buttons, 2 tea spoons, 2 milk 
pots, one plain, the other chased, 3 punch ladles, 2 china 
snuff boxes, 1 coral, 2 pair of gold sleeve buttons, 6 heart, 
and 14 plain gold rings, 10 garnet, ditto, 4 white stone, 
ditto, 3 double heart and hand gold ditto, 2 garnet and 
white stone, ditto, 2 common, ditto, 5 men's ditto, and 
1 rich stone ear-ring. Whoever apprehends the theif 
that stole the above mentioned goods, shall have Ten 
Pounds reward Paid by PhiHp Miller. — The New-York 
Gazette, August 29, 1763. 

3 The shop of Philip Miller was robbed a second time. See The 
New-York Chronicle, September 14-21, 1769. 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 155 

John Nixon, Musical, Repeating and Plain Clock and 
Watch-Maker, Periodical Titivator, the only regular 
Watch-Maker, (Not of the London Company though) 
Opposite Hull's Tavern in the Broad- Way, New- York. 
Begs leave to inform the public, that he has set up his 
business, and intends to work as well and reasonably as 
any in the City; he also cleans and repairs clocks and 
watches by the year, and warrants them. Such gentle- 
men and ladies that choose to send their work to him, 
may depend upon being well served By their humble 
Servant, John Nixon. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 
August 19, 1773. 



Joseph and Thomas Pearsall, Watch-Makers, have 
removed from the Place where they formerly lived, to 
the House nearly opposite, (where Haddock and Browne 
lately lived) between Beekman and BurUng's SHp; where 
they still continue their Business as usual. — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, May 17, 1770. 

Joseph and Thomas Pearsall. — The Copartnership 
of Joseph and Thomas Pearsall, watch Makers, being dis- 
solved the first of May last. All Persons having any De- 
mands, against said Copartnership, are desired to bring- 
in their Accounts; and all those that are indebted to the 
aforesaid Copartnership are hkewise desired to make 
speedy Payment. 

Joseph Pearsall, has removed to the House lately occu- 
pied by Robert and John Murray, Merchants, between 
Burling's and Beekman's-Slip ; where he carries on the 
business in the Watch and Clock Way as usual; and has 
imported in the last Vessels from London, Very neat 
Eight Day Clocks, in Mahogany and Japan Cases : Like- 
wise a Parcel of very good Silver and Metal Watches, 
by the Dozens, or smaller quantity, which he will dispose 
of on the lowest Terms. — The New-York Journal or the 
General Advertiser, June 17, 1773. 



156 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Joseph Pearsall, Watchmaker, Has removed from 
between Burling's and Beekman's slip, to the house 
lately occupied by Cornelius Clopper, merchant, opposite 
Hugh Gaine's, three doors below James Rivington's. 
Has imported in the Dunmore, Lawrence, and the Samp- 
son, Coupar, very neat eight day clocks in mahogany 
cases, moon'd and plain; elegant spring do. black ebony 
cases, gold watches, capt and jewelled plain do. in 
shagreen cases, French do. 

Likewise a very neat assortment of silver watches, day 
of the month, capt and plain do. which he will sell on 
the most reasonable terms, wholesale and retail. N.B. 
Mens and womens steel watch chains by the dozen.* — 
Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, May 26, 1774. 

Thomas Pearsall. — Left for Sale with Mr. Thomas 
Pearsal, [sic] at his Shop, between Beekman and Bur- 
Hng's Slip, in Queen Street, A very good Gold repeating 
Watch, which can be recommended by the Watch-Maker 
who examined it, as a Piece of extraordinary good work- 
manship, and will be disposed of at a very low Price. 
— The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, 
September 9, 1773. 

Thomas Pearsall, Watch-Maker, Between Beekman 
and Burling-Shp, Has For Sale, very neat Clocks in 
Mahogany Cases; moon'd and plain jappan'd and spring 
ditto ; likewise a very good Assortment of new Watches, 
Day of the Month, capt and plain do. which he will sell 
at the most reasonable Rates, for Cash or short Credit. — 
Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, February 3, 1774. 

William Pearson, Jun. Clock and Watch-Maker, 
near the Coffee-House, in New- York, Begs leave to 
acquaint the Gentlemen and Ladies, that he makes, 
mends, and repairs all sorts of Clocks and Watches, after 
the best and cheapest Rates, and on the shortest Notice. 
Said Pearson, has for Sale, some very good neat silver 

*In 1775, J. Pearsall's advertisements still appeared. 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES • 157 

and Pinchbeck Watches, which he will warrant for any- 
reasonable Time. Likewise, a very neat Assortment of 
Chain and Seals. N.B. Gentlemen in the Country, that 
has Clocks out of Order, by sending a Line, will have 
their Orders punctually obeyed, on the shortest Notice. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
August 29, 1768. 

William Pearson, Clock and Watch-Maker, near the 
Merchant's Coffee-House, Begs leave to inform the 
public, that he makes, mends, and repairs, all sorts of 
clocks and watches, after the best and cheapest rates, 
likewise has to sell, some very neat silver and pinchbeck 
watches, which he will warrant for any reasonable time ; 
a very neat musical clock, a neat assortment of chains, 
seals, &c. All Gentlemen or Ladies, that choose to favour 
him with their commands, either in town or county, may 
depend on having them executed after the best manner, 
and on the shortest notice. By their humble servant. 
N.B. He cleans clocks by the year. — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, February 23, 1769. 

William Pearson. — Clocks. All Kinds of Clocks 
made, cleaned, and repaired, by WilUam Pearson, Clock 
and Watch-Maker, at the Dial in Hanover-Square : Who 
likewise repairs watches at a moderate price, and will 
warrant their performance a twelve-month. He likewise 
teaches vocal and instrumental music; strings, quills, and 
tunes harpsicords, spinnets, claricords, and hand or 
barrel-organs, all at a reasonable rate. . . . N.B. He 
begs the favour of his former customers (if any there be 
that move next May) to give timely notice, and he will 
remove their clocks gratis.^ — Rivington's New-York 
Gazetteer, April 14, 1774. 

Thomas and Mervin Perry. — Just imported in the 
Ship Hope, Capt Benjamin Davies, from London, and 
to be sold cheap by Thomas and Mervin Perry, Watch 

5 Similar advertisements continued to appear in 1775. 



158 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Makers in the Fly ; A Neat Assortment of Gold Watches, 
plain, silver, and Days of the Months; Gold, Silver and 
Metal Watch Seals; Silk Watch-strings neat watch 
Papers, and Materials in the Watch-Branch, necessary 
for the Business, Wholesale or retail. N.B. Said Mervin 
Perry, begs Leave to acquaint his Friends, That he like- 
wise mends and repairs all Sorts of watches in the neatest 
Manner, and at the most reasonable Rates; as he has 
been over to London for Improvement, and has had 
Instructions from the most eminent Masters. — The New- 
York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, October 15, 1767. 

Mervin Perry, Watch-Maker, at the Sign of the Dial, 
Takes this Opportunity of informing the PubUck, and 
his Friends in Particular, That he still continues carry- 
ing on the Business in the same Shop lately occupied by 
his Father Thomas Perry, between Mr. Noel's and Mr. 
Cooley's; Those Gentlemen who chuse to honour him 
with their Commands, may depend on having them 
executed with utmost Care, Attention, and Expedition. 
He has to dispose of some neat plain, Gold, Silver, Days 
of the Month, and Metal Watches; Hkewise Silver and 
Steel Chains, Silver Seals, Silk String, neat Watch 
Papers, with a variety of other Articles for Watch- 
Makers, too tedious to mention which he will sell at the 
lowest Rates. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, November 14, 1768. 



Mervin Perry. — ... All Clocks and Watches that he 
sells. With his own Name, he will keep in good Repair, 
the first three Years, Gratis; and will warrant to import 
and sell Watches and Clocks from the Price of four 
Guineas to a Hundred, cheaper than any private Gentle- 
man can import them for their own Use. Any Gentle- 
men that wants to be supphed, are desired to send their 
Orders to said Shop, and they will be compUed with as 
speedy as possible. . . . — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, October 21, 1776. 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 159 

Thomas Perry. Watch and Clock-maker from Lon- 
don, Now living next Door to Mr. Depuyster, in Dock 
Street, near the Long-Bridge, in New- York; Makes, 
mends and cleans all Sorts of Clocks and Watches in the 
best Majiner, with Expedition ; and furnishes any Person 
with Chains, Seals, Chrystals, Keys, or any other Matters 
relating to that Business, at the most reasonable Rates. 
— The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post^ 
Boy, June 19, 1749. 

Thomas Perry. — . . . He will import, if bespoke, 
good warranted clocks at £ 14 they paying freight and 
insurance, and clocks without cases for £ 10. — The New- 
York Mercury, May 3, 1756. 

Thomas Perry. — All persons who are indebted to the 
estate of Thomas Perry, late of the city of New York, 
watch-maker, deceased, are hereby requested to made 
speedy payment thereof, to the subscriber, who is the 
Widow and executrix to the last will and testament of 
the deceased. Ruth Perry. — Rivington's New-York 
Gazetteer, February 24, 1774. 

Ebenezer Smith Platt. — Watches of all Sorts, Viz. 
Plain, horizontal, repeating, and striking, sold and re- 
paired in the cheapest and best manner: Likewise, 
clocks, musical and plain, equal in quality, and cheaper 
than can be imported from Europe, made and sold by 
Ebenezer Smith Platt, between Beekman's and Burling's 
SUp, in the lower street. New- York. The advertiser 
wants an apprentice about 14 years old, with a good char- 
acter. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, May 26, 1774. 

Proctor. — Beatman drops sold at the shop of Mr. 

Proctor watchmaker, living in the Square, next door to 
Mr. John Waters Merchant. — The New-York Weekly 
Journal, April 1, 1734. 

Carden Proctor. — ^Watches and Clocks, Carefully and 
Expeditiously, Made and Mended, by Carden Procter 



160 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

[sic] living in Smith-Street, in the House where Henry 
De Foreest, Printer, lived in, removed from, opposite to 
Mr. James Daurcey's. — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
July 6, 1747. 

Garden Proctor, Watch movement maker, and 
finisher, in Hanover-Square, between the fire-engine 
house, and the sign of the Unicorn & Mortar, sells and 
repairs, plain, repeating or horizontal watches: also 
clocks: He likewise gilds plain or chased cases, lady's 
chains, snuff boxes, buckles, sword hilts, &c. in the best 
and cheapest manner; where may be had, his opinion in 
an impartial manner, of watches to be sold or bought, 
with intent to put a stop to the many impositions this 
government labours under, for want of skill in that way.® 
— The New-York Mercury, August 18, 1755. 

Stephen Sands, Clock and Watch-maker, desires to 
inform the public in general, and his friends in particular, 
that he has opened shop at the house wherein Mr. Corn- 
well Sands now lives, in Peck's SHp, nearly opposite the 
market, where he proposes carrying on his business; 
those who please to favour him with their custom may 
depend upon having their work done with the utmost 
care and dispatch: Who has also to dispose of Watch 
Chains and Seals, and almost every article in his way. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
February 3, 1772. 

Stephen Sands. — Wanted, As an apprentice to the 
Watch-Making business, A Sober ingenious Lad, of a 
good character, about 15 years of age. Such a one may 
hear of a place by enquiring of Stephen Sands, clock and 
watch-maker, nearly fronting Peck's SHp, New- York. 

Stephen Sands has, to dispose of, a very neat assort- 
ment of mens steel watch chains; Hkewise Cornelian, 
Intaglio and common seals; gilt trinkets; joint and com- 
mon sheet watch keys, and silk strings: also neat fancy 

« C. Proctor's advertisements still appeared in 1768. 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 161 

and paste knee and stock buckles, &c. — Rivington's New- 
York Gazetteer, June 30, 1774. 

Matthew Shepherd, Clock and Watch Maker from 
London. Has opened a shop in Rotten Row, late Mr. 
Lorain's, where he undertakes to rectify all sorts of plain 
repeating and horizontal watches ; likewise, clocks on the 
most reasonable terms. He has by him a neat assort- 
ment of watches, and clocks in mahogany and wallnut 
tree cases, as also table spring pieces. 

N.B. He particularly sohcits the favour, if any persons 
having watches, which stop frequently, or perform 
meanly, to make tryals, which to convince the publick 
of his certainty in rectifing, he will undertake upon the 
terms of no cure no pay. — The New-York Gazette, Janu- 
ary 21, 1760. 

John Simnet. — ^Watches Repair'd in a perfect and 
durable manner, with expedition, at an easy expence, and 
kept in good order, for 2s 6 Sterling per year, by J. 
Simnett [sic] original maker from London, on the New- 
Dock, near Murray's Wharf, New- York. — New-York 
Journal or General Advertiser, August 23, 1770. 

John Simnet. — Watches. This Advertiser will con- 
tinue, (far as it may be put in his power) to prevent you 
being imposed on by appearance, inability, or covetous- 
ness, will labour to save his employers expence, and 
gain repute to himself, and the real makers in England, 
desires not to charge twice for mending the same watch, 
— having dwelt in this city near four years, — if any 
watch he has practiced on, requires alteration, it shall be 
done without further charge, whilst the materials it is 
composed of, can endure. 

Price of cleaning, two shillings currency, glasses fitted 
for one shilling each. The price of joining a broken main 
spring, or chain, two shillings, if a new one is requisite, 
eight shillings. All other repairs in proportion, at half 
what is usually charged, by John Simnet, watch-Finisher, 



162 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

of London, At the new Dial, the low shop beside the 
Coffee House Bridge, New- York. — Periodical Titivaters 
instructed by the year or quarter. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, December 23, 1771. 

John Simnet. — Watches, Neat and Plain; Gold, 
Silver, Shagreen, and Metal. Some engraved and 
enamelled, with devices new and elegant; also the first 
in this country of the small new fashioned watches, the 
circumference of a British shilling. 

Old work repaired and cleaned as usual, in the best 
and cheapest manner, by John Simnet, removed to the 
main-street (called the Fly) a low shop, next to the 
corner of Beekman's-Slip, New- York. The sign of a dial, 
against the wall. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, May 
12, 1774. 

John Simnet. — Watches. John Simnet, (one of the 
first in London, who brought this curious and useful 
manufacture to perfection) continues to repair and clean 
old watches much cheaper and better than is usual; and 
sells excellent new watches in gold, silver, metal &c. 
which will require no expence cleaning or repairing, 
except abus'd. Best glasses is 1 s. 

Remov'd next to the white house, the lower corner of 
the Coffee-House bridge. New- York. The sign of the dial 
over the window. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, May 22, 1775. 

Thomas Smart, Clock and watch File Maker, at the 
Sign of the File and Hammer, in Division-street, near 
St. Paul's Church, Makes and sells all sorts of clock and 
watch files and tools of several sorts. He has now for sale 
a good assortment of large files and draw-plates, such as 
round, half round, four-square, and oval. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 4, 1773. 

Christian Syberberg, Watch-Maker, now living at the 
Dial, in the house of Mrs. Mary Kippen, near the Old- 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 163 

Slip Market: Repairs all sorts of clocks and watches, 
with the utmost expedition: He has lately imported 
from London, a parcel of very neat silver and pinchbeck 
watches, which he'll sell very reasonable for ready money, 
and will warrant to be good. N.B. He has a choice assort- 
ment of silver, pinchbeck seals, steel and pinchbeck 
chains, keys, leather and silk strings, &c. and gives good 
attendance to all his customers. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, August 2, 1756. 

Christian Syberberg. — Whereas about six of the 
clock, in the night of Friday the 24th of this instant 
December, a villain run his hand through the shop win- 
dow of Christian Syberberg; of this city, watch-maker, 
and took therefrom two watches, and escaped; one of 
which is pinchbeck, with a green shagreen case, the other 
a large old-fashioned silver one with a pendulum. All 
persons are desired to be cations in purchasing the above 
watches, if offered to sale; and whoever will discover 
the thief or thieves, so as they may be brought to justice, 
shall have Forty ShilUngs reward, paid by Christian 
Syberberg. — The New-York Mercury, December 27, 
1756. 

William Thompson, Clock and Watch- Maker, Lately 
arrived from Britain, Begs leave to acquaint the pubhc, 
that he has taken a commodious shop in Fair-street, 
opposite to the North Church, where he intends carrying 
on his business, in making and repairing all kinds of 
Clocks and Watches. Those ladies and gentlemen who 
please to favour him with their work, may depend on 
having it done in the best manner, and most reasonable 
terms. He Hkewise makes those curious and useful 
instruments called Way Wiser. — The Constitutional 
Gazette, October 14, 1775. 

John Vogt, Watch-maker, Now living in the House of 
Patrick Carryl, in Hanover Square, Makes, Cleans and 
repairs all kinds of Watches. Gentlemen that please to 



164 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

favour him with their Work, may depend on having it 
done to their Satisfaction, and on the lowest Terms, by 
their Very humble Servant, John Vogt. — The New-York 
Mercury, September 11, 1758. 

Anthony Wakd. — Several Bags of good new Hops to 
be Sold very reasonable for Money or Country Produce. 
Enquire of Anthony Ward, Watch-Maker in New- York, 
and know further. — The New-York Gazette, February 
18-25, 1729. 

John Wood. — Watch Main-Springs Made in Phila- 
delphia, are sold by the manufacturer, Matthias Eyre. 
Spring-Maker, from London, at his house in Third-street, 
below South-street, and by John Wood, Watch-maker, in 
Front-street, and corner of Chestnut-street. 

Where watch-makers and others may be suppUed with 
any quantity of springs much cheaper than can be 
afforded when imported from England, from which cir- 
cumstance, and the good quahty of the Springs, the 
maker hopes for the encouragement of the watch-makers 
in this and the neighbouring provinces, whose orders will 
be gratefully received and faithfully executed. N.B. By 
the dozen thirty shiUings, single spring, three shillings. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Feb- 
ruary 27, 1775. 

John Wright. — Very good Cheshire-Cheese to be Sold 
by John Wright Watch-maker, at his House in Duke- 
street, for 8d. per pound by the Single Cheese, and for 
less if they take a large Quantity. — The New-York 
Gazette, January 2-16, 1739. 

John Wright, Watch-Maker, being absolutely deter- 
mined to leave this City in a Fortnight, or three Weeks 
at farthest, desires all Persons that have any Demands 
upon him, to bring in their Accounts, and receive Satis- 
faction: And all those that are indebted to him, are 
requested to pay off the same forthwith, and thereby pre- 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 165 

vent Trouble. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, October 1, 1753. 

John Wright. — In a real estate notice mention is 
made of John Wright, late of the City of New- York, 
Watch-maker deceased. — The New-York Journal or 
General Advertiser, September 23, 1768. 

James Yeoman & John Collins, from London, Beg 
leave to acquaint the Ladies and Gentlemen of this City, 
that they have taken a Shop in Hanover-Square (lately 
occupied by Mr. Hammersley, and next Door but one to 
Mr. Charles M'Evers's,) for the carrying on the Watch 
and Clock Business, where all kinds of Clocks and 
Watches, will be clean'd and repair'd in a very careful 
and expeditious Manner. Likewise Gentlemen may have 
their Guns new stock'd or repair'd, as neat as in England. 

N.B. We have imported nothing new at present, nor 
do not intend to any Thing of the kind, until the Impor- 
tation becomes general. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, September 18, 1769. 

James Yeoman, Watch and Clock-Maker, from Lon- 
don ; Begs leave to acquaint his Friends, and other Ladies 
and Gentlemen of this City, that he has removed from 
his late Dwelling on Hunter's-Quay, to the House of Mr. 
Mervin Perry, opposite the Merchant's Coffee-House, 
where every Branch relative to the above Business will 
be carefully and accurately performed. N.B. The said 
James Yeoman, will let Part of the House where he now 
lives; it is very convenient for a small Family, having 
a good Yard and Cistern for Water. — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, October 31, 1771. 

James Yeoman. — Watches, Horizontal, Repeating, or 
plain; Clocks Astronomical, Musical or Plain, with 
Weights, or Springs, repaired as cheap as by any Person 
in this City, by James Yeoman, (at the Sign of the White 
Dial, nearly opposite the Merchant's Coffee-House) who 



166 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

received his Instructions in the Business from the in- 
genious Mr. Neale, (whose great knowledge in Mechanics 
was well known) he can with propriety declare himself a 
real Manufacturer, having had the Government of a large 
Manufactory from its Infancy to its Maturity, one Hun- 
dred Miles from London. 

The above is not the Result of Vanity or Parade, for, 
should it be doubted, proper Testimonials shall be pro- 
duced, to prove the Assertion: As it is the sole wish of 
the said James Yeoman, to obtain Favours only propor- 
tioned to the knowledge he has, and the Satisfaction he 
affords in his Business, on those Foundations he submits 
his Reputation, as an Artificer, to the Judgment of the 
Impartial. — The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, March 12, 1772. 

James Yeoman. — Death notice: a native of England; 
His father is the first of Mathematicians and a Fellow of 
the Royal Society, himself was an ingeneous Watch- 
maker. His song and story ever set the table in a roar, 
and the chearfulness excited by his comic powers, justly 
entitles his memory to this faithful record of his very 
pleasant and truly courteous disposition. — Rivington's 
New-York Gazetteer, May 20, 1773. 

Clocks and Watches 

Watch To Be Mended. — Some years past there was a 
Watch sent from this Place to London, to be Mended. 
These are to give Notice, That if the Owner of said 
Watch will apply to the Printer hereof, tell the Marks 
and pay the Charges, he may have his Watch again. — 
The New-York Gazette, May 17-24, 1736. 

The Principles of Mr. Harrison's Time-Keeper. 
In this Time-keeper there is the greatest Care taken to 
avoid Friction as much as can be, by the Wheels moving 
on small Pivots, and in Ruby-Holes, and high Numbers 
in the Wheels and Pinions. 



CLOCKS AND WATCHES 167 

The Part which measures Time goes but the eighth 
part of a Minute without winding up; so that part is 
very simple, as this winding up is performed at the Wheel 
next to the Balance Wheel; by which Means there is 
always an equal Force acting at the Wheel, and all the 
rest of the Work has no more to do in measuring Time, 
than the Person that winds time up once a Day. 

There is a Spring in the Inside of the Fusee, which I 
call a Secondary Main Spring ; This Spring is always kept 
stretched to a certain Tension by the Main-spring, and 
during the Time of winding up The Time-Keeper, at 
which Time the Main-Spring is not suffered to act, this 
Secondary Spring Supplies its place . . .^ — The New York 
Journal or General Advertiser, June 11, 1767. 

Musical Clock. — John Sebastian Stephany, Chymist, 
Has for Sale for Cash, a new and ingenious Clock Work, 
just imported from Germany, and made there by one of 
the most ingenious and celebrated Clock-makers in Ger- 
many: It plays nine different selected musical Tunes, and 
every one as exact as can be done on the best musical 
Instrument; and changes its Musick every Hour. It is 
done will 11 Clocks and 23 Hammers. It has an ingenious 
striking work for every Hour, and quarter of an Hour; 
it repeats 8 Days, Hours and Minutes, and shows the 
Months, and the Days of the Month. — The New York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, June 6, 1768 {Supple- 
ment). 

Punishment for Watch Stealing. — Richard Ely 
stole a silver watch out of the shop of Mr. Smith, Brazier 
. . . was exalted on a Wooden Horse in a Triumphal Carr 
and in that ignominious manner Rid round the City, with 
Labels on his Breast . . . after which he was conducted 
to the pubUc Whipping Post, where he received the 
proper Chastisement. — News item in The New-York 
Chronicle, September 14-21, 1769. 

7 The article continues at length giving a detailed account of the 
mechanism of the time keeper. 



168 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

A Musical Clock, plays 6 tunes, Viz. The rakes of 
Mallow, 2 minuets, symptoms of love, the miller's wed- 
ding and the miller of Mansfield: upon 10 bells, two 
hanamers to each, besides the clock bell; plays every 
third hour a tune thrice over, and every part of the tune 
repeated; and when, or as often as you please besides. 
It tells the moon's age, by a beautiful moon, adorn'd 
with stars in the arch of the face; and the day of the 
month, as common clocks do. It stands in an elegant 
mahogony case, about 9 feet high, which cost ten guineas 
in Liverpool. 

This very ornamental useful and entertaining piece of 
furniture, which should bring £ 120 currency is to be sold 
for £ 70. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, April 29, 1771. 

Musical Clock. — ... At public auction, To be 
viewed at the Coffee house. It plays six tunes four times 
in 12 hours, and at will: and is by far the most valuable 
and elegant time piece ever imported to America. — The 
New-York Gazette and Weekly Mercury, July 5, 1773. 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 
Houses and other Buildings 

Kitchen. — The Lotts and Houses next to the Custom 
House in New- York, wherein are 9 Fire Places, with a 
large Yard, a Stable, a Cestern, a Well, and a Pump, in 
the Kitchin, a Large Crane to the Chimney, with Stones, 
Dressers, and several other Things, that may be left for 
the use of a Tenant. . . . — The New-York Weekly 
Journal, August 2, 1725. 

Weather Vane. — ... On the house of John Breese, 
Leather Dresser ... is erected a Staff on which is a 
Blue Vane, with white Figures viz. 1741 : which Vane is 
easily seen from the Ferry, from over the Fresh Water, 
from the North and East River, and very plain from the 
Commons. — Ths New-York Weekly Journal, August 10, 
1741. 

Fire Places. — Just published, and to be Sold by the 
Printer hereof. An Account of the New-invented Pen- 
silvanian Fire Places: Wherein their Construction and 
manner of Operation is particularly explained; their 
Advantages above every other Method of warming Rooms 
demonstrated; and all Objections that have been raised 
against the Use of them, answered and obviated. With 
Directions for putting them up, and for using them to 
the best Advantage. And a Copper-plate, in which the 
several Parts of the Machine are exactly laid down, from 
a Scale of equal Parts, (Price Is.). The above men- 
tioned Fire-places are also to be sold at the Printer's 
hereof; where one of them just set up may be seen. — 
The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, December 3, 1744. 

169 



170 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Trinity Church. — Friday morning last about 4 
o'clock, a violent Fire broke out in the new Free-School- 
House, kept by Mr. Joseph Hildreth, Clerk of Trinity- 
Church in this City ; which got to such a Height before it 
was discovered, as to render it impossible to save it from 
being entirely destroyed; and tho' it stood at a consider- 
able Distance from the Church, yet the Flames ascended 
so high, and carried with them such Abundance of live 
Coals, as to put the Church in imminent Danger, particu- 
larly the Steeple; which was set on Fire five several 
Times, almost at the Top, what little Wind there was set- 
ting directly on it; notwithstanding which, by the good 
Providence of God, and the Diligence and Activity of a 
few Persons within, who broke Holes through, it was 
happily extinguished, and preserved: There was scarce 
any Thing saved out of the House, from the Fury of the 
Fire; and we are assured, besides a great deal of Furni- 
ture and other Things, the Records of the Church are 
entirely consumed. The whole loss sustain'd, is sup- 
posed to be near Two Thousand Pounds Value. — News 
item in The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, February 26, 1750. 

Dwelling House. — To be Sold, A very good Dwelling- 
House in the County of Bergen, of Forty Eight Foot 
long and Twenty Four Foot broad, with a large Cellar 
Kitchen, a Dairy and Store-Cellar all joined together, 
the said DwelUng-House has two large Rooms and an 
Entry, with a large Flush Garret & Bolting House stand- 
ing near the same & an old Store House Stable & Negroes 
Kitchen adjoining to each other, and a well Built Smoak 
House, with a Fowl House thereunto adjoining, with a 
very good Garden to the same, . . . — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, January 27, 1746. 

Fire Places. — Just arrived, A fresh Parcel of the New 
Fire-Places, Made by Robert Grace, in Pennsylvania, 
And Sold by the Printer hereof in New- York. A Pam- 
phlet wrote by the Inventor, which describes the Use and 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 171 

Advantage of these Fire-Places, is given with them 
gratis. — The NeuhYork Weekly Post-Boy, September 8, 
1746. 

St. George's Chapel. — . . . Notice is hereby Also 
Given, That a Committee of the Vestry of Trinity 
Church, will meet every Friday at 2 o'Clock in the 
Afternoon, at the House of William Cook, near the City 
Hall, to treat with such Workmen, Carpenters and Ma- 
sons, as will undertake, the building and finishing the 
Galleries and Pews, and other inside Work of St. George's 
Chappel. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the 
Weekly Post-Boy, January 14, 1751. 

Presbyterian Church. — Monday last we had here a 
pretty hard Gale of Wind at N. E. which broke or bent 
down the Iron Work, Ball and Cock, on the Spire of the 
Presbyterian Church in this City: This had been often 
apprehended, tho' it has stood several harder Gales since 
it was put up; but 'tis beheved, the Gale we had a few 
Weeks ago crack'd it, and so this last compleated it. — 
News item in The New-York Gazette Revived in the 
Weekly Post-Boy, February 18, 1751. 

Stone Wall. — Last Week as some Workmen were 
digging down the Bank of the North River, just back of 
the English Church, in order to build a Still House, a 
Stone Wall was discovered between four and five Feet 
thick, near eight Feet under Ground, and is suppos'd to 
have been the Breast- Work of a Battery, tho' we can't 
learn that the oldest Men living amongst us, know any 
Thing of such a Battery being there, which affords some 
Matter of Speculation to the Curious here. — News item 
in The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post- 
Boy, May 6, 1751. 

Lighthouse. — To Be Let. Bedloe's Island, alias Love 
Island, together with the Dwelling-House and Light- 
House, being finely situated for a Tavern, where all kind 



172 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

of Garden Stuff, Poultry, &c. may be easily raised for 
the Shipping, outward bound, and from whence any 
Quantity of pickled Oysters may be transported; it 
abounds with English Rabbits. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Post-Boy, July 2, 1753. 

Snuff Mills.— To be Sold, or Lett, The Snuff Mills 
that formerly belonged to Mr. Francis Goelet, at New- 
Rochell, with 12 molds for snuff, a tobacco engine, with 
knives and sives, and all the other working utensils there- 
unto belonging. For further particulars, enquire of Mr. 
Anthony Lispenard, at New-Rochell. — The New-York 
Mercury, October 14, 1754. 

Lean-to. — To be Sold. A House with one Room, and 
Leanto, a good dry Cellar, and a good Store House 30 
by 21 Feet, two Story High, and a Cellar under it, . . . — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, March 
10, 1755. 

Brick and Stone House. — To be Sold by Charles 
Arding, The Corner House, and 5 Lots of Ground near 
the Revd. Mr. Barclay, and Alderman Van Courtlandt, 
fronting to Nassau Street, 128 Feet some odd Inches; and 
runing along Fare Street 115 Feet or thereabouts; the 
House is new built, with Brick and Stone, 3 large Rooms 
on a Floor, a Cellar Kitchen, a good Cellar, and Large 
Garrets, seven Fire Places, and the House is two Story 
high, there may be 3 Lodgeing Rooms made in the Gar- 
rets, being half Stories. Sash Window is in all the House, 
a long Entery through the Middle of the House, with a 
handsome stare case well ballister'd with curled Maple. 
The House is built in the Form of a Square, with a large 
Store House on the back Part of said Lots, 42 Feet Long ; 
the whole is in good Fence, with a long Grass Plat, and 
a fine Cistern, with several Fruit Trees already planted, 
which will make a very commodious Garden, and very 
pleasantly situated for any Gentleman, Merchant or any 
other person, having a fine Prospect over the Commons, 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 173 

and up the North River; . . . — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Post-Boy, April 7, 1755. 

Rent. — At the Merchants Coffee-House, will be sold, 
at publick Vendue ... a Dwelling House and Lot of 
Ground, now in the Tenure of Mr. Abraham Abrahams, 
the lower End of Stone-Street; it is built of Brick, with 
Sash Windows in front, two Stories high, with several 
conveniences, it rents for Forty Pounds and the Taxes, 
per annum. Conditions will be made known at the place 
of sale. — The New-York Mercury, February 9, 1761. 

Papered Rooms. — To be Sold ... A New Well-built 
House and Lot of Ground, in Little Queen-Street. . . . 
The House is 34 Feet 6 Inches front; has seven Fire- 
places; the Rooms all ceiFd and some of them neatly 
paper'd; three Feet Gang way; the yard pav'd; and Gar- 
den inclos'd with a good pail'd Fence; cistern in the same. 
. . . — The New-York Mercury, January 11, 1762. 

New Dutch Church. — On Wednesday last, near 6 
o'clock in the Afternoon, the New Dutch Church in this 
City, was struck and set on Fire by Lightning, which 
happily was soon extinguished. It is remarkable that in 
the Course of a few Years, the same Accident has hap- 
pened to this Church 3 or 4 times. — News item in The 
New-York Mercury, June 20, 1763. 

Yellow Briok Front. — To be Sold, at private Sale, 
a Very Commodious new Dwelling-House and Lot of 
Ground, situated in Cherry-Street, and now in the Ten- 
ure of William Cobb, The House is three large Stories 
high, a yellow Brick Front, having eleven Rooms, Seven 
Fire Places, with a large Cellar Kitchen, and Store Cellar, 
and a fine Tea- Water Pump in the yard. . . . — The New- 
York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, February 23, 
1764. 

New York Lighthouse. — On Monday Evening last, 
the New York Light-House, erected at Sandy Hook was 



174 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

lighted for the first Time. The House is of an Octagon 
Figure, having eight equal Sides; the Diameter at the 
Base 29 Feet; and at the Top of the Wall 15 Feet. The 
Lanthorn is seven Feet high ; the Circumference 33 Feet. 
The whole Construction of the Lanthorn is Iron; the 
Top covered with Copper. There are 48 Oil Blazes. The 
Building from the Surface is Nine Stories high; the 
whole from Bottom to Top 103 Feet. This Structure was 
undertaken by Mr. Isaac Conro, of this City; and was 
carried on with all the Expedition that the Difficulty of 
passing to and fro on the Occasion could possibly admit 
of: It is judg'd to be a masterly Piece of Workmanship. — 
News item in The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, June 21, 1764. 

Christ Church. — Extract of a letter from Great Bar- 
rington, in Connecticut [sic]. About three Weeks ago 
was laid the Corner Stone, and since is erected the Frame 
of an Episcopal Church by the Name of Christ Church 
in Great Barrington, 50 Feet by 40, about 26 Feet high 
besides the Roof and Underpining, with a handsome 
Chancel on the East End, and a Steeple 115 Feet high, 
on the West Side. The whole Building (but more espe- 
cially the Steeple, Chancel and Roof) is excellent Work- 
manship. Mr. Kilbourn of Litchfield, was the Master 
Workman in the Frame; Mr. Easton of Pittsfield, Mas- 
ter Joiner. . . . — News item in The New-York Gazette 
or the Weekly Post-Boy, July 12, 1764. 



Lights of Glass. — Whereas the Subscriber proposes 
moving to New- York on the first of May, 1766, he would 
at private Sale any Time before that Date, sell the 
following. . . . Another Farm, about 6 Miles from New- 
Windsor, on the aforesaid Road, containing 150 Acres 
of Land, whereon is a good House 30 Feet by 32, Two 
Stories high, well painted and glazed, having between 
2 and 300 Lights of Glass in it; . . .—The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, April 25, 1765. 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 175 

Bed Closet. — To be Let, A Very convenient First 
Floor, consisting of Four Rooms, with Fire-places, and a 
Bed Closet, situated on the New Dock, near the Coffee- 
House; it may be entered immediately. Inquire of 
Samuel Dobie, living on the New Dock. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post^Boy, September 26, 1765 
(Supplement). 

A Proposal for Heating House of Public Worship. 
— A Pl-oposal to the Publick. As there is at present a 
View for one or more Buildings going on for pubUck 
Worship, and as the Weather is so severe in the Winter 
Season, I wonder it has never been put in practice at the 
Beginning of such pubUck Buildings, (when it makes so 
little difference in the Expence) in making hollow Wells, 
or Flews with a Furnace, or Stoke-Hole at each Side of 
(Church or Meeting) at Entrance, when the Congrega- 
tion by a small Subscription, or otherwise, at the severe 
Time of the Winter, might keep the Building to any 
degree of Heat, which would be found very agreeable to 
Persons of all Ranks, and with a small Quantity of Fuel, 
either Wood or Coals, properly apply 'd; (the Trouble or 
Expence being ameer Trifle, by known Experience.). . . . 
—The New-York Mercury, March 10, 1766. 

Trinity Church Steeple, — A motion we are told is on 
the Point of being made for a compleat Set of 10 Bells 
to adorn Trinity Church Steeple, partly to be carried in 
Execution by Way of Subscription, and any Deficiency 
will no Doubt be made good by the Church. A noble 
Motion indeed, and if carried into Execution with any 
Spirit, will give an Ornament to the City few others can 
boast of ; and 'tis surprizing a Thing of the Kind has been 
so long neglected, unless, indeed they were frightned out 
of it by the loss of the first Set sent for, which Barbados 
now glories in; and which was taken by the Enemy, 
retaken, and sent in there. Philadelphia vaunts in theirs 
of a Ring of Eight, in a Steeple not so substantial, and it 
was chearfully carried through after the first Motion. 



176 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

It is doubted but the Generality of the People of all 
Denominations will approve of it here. — News item in 
The New-York Gazette, July 21, 1766. 

Lightning Rod. — Mr. Holt; Sir, Having lately seen in 
one of the public Paper (but forgot which) an Account 
of the Light-House being struck by Lightning, I was 
induced to inquire after the particular Circumstances of 
that Affair; especially, as I knew it to have had a Metal- 
Hne Conductor, and that if it really was so, there would 
not be wanting those, who, for the Prejudice of Educa- 
tion, and their Non-Knowledge of the Efficacy of con- 
ducting Wires, would be ready to infer, and propagate 
the InutiHty of them, for the Preservation of Edifices, 
&c. You will oblige the Public, and one of your constant 
Readers, by assuring them, that the Light-House at 
Sandy-Hook, has not been struck, so as to exhibit any 
Appearance, or Signs thereof whatsoever, and that the 
Veracity of the Informant is indisputable, as well as his 
Knowledge of the Premises, which he derives from his 
Proximity thereto. I am. &c. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Post-Boy, July 31, 1766. 

Tavern. — To be sold, at public Vendue, on the 25th 
Day of January next, at Noon, at the Merchant's coffee- 
House; The noted tavern, having the Sign of the free- 
mason's arms, on the west side of the Broad-way, front- 
ing the great square; the house has twelve fire-places, 
two large dancing rooms, and eight other good rooms, 
with every conveniency for the reception of company. It 
was formerly kept by Samuel Francis, and since by the 
subscriber, and has rented at eighty pounds per annum, 
besides taxes. Any person inclining to purchase at pri- 
vate sale, may in the meantime inquire of John Jones. — 
The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, Decem- 
ber 17, 1767. 

Brick and Tile House. — To be Sold, or Lett, All that 
Dwelling-House situated in Stone-Street . . . the Dwel- 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 177 

ling-House is large and commodious, two Stories High, 
built of Holland Brick, and covered with Tiles, as is also 
the Kitchen behind said House; there is an excellent 
Pump and Cistern in the Yard, and a spacious Gang- 
Way to it, the Lott is 45 Feet in Stone-Street, 75 Feet 
in Petticoat Lane, and above 200 Feet deep, running 
from street to street . . . — The New-York Gazette, 
March 16-23, 1767. 

Wainscotting. — To be sold at Publick Vendue, . . . 
One house and lot of ground in possession of Mrs. Eary: 
The house consists of one large cellar, a cellar Kitchen 
fitted with dressers, drawers, shelves, and ovens, two pan- 
tries, and a closet; on the first floor, two large parlours 
with marble chimney pieces and hearths, and Wains- 
cotted dado high. On the first story, two large genteel 
rooms, with marble chimney pieces and hearths; one 
neat bedchamber and dressing-room. On the second 
story, two rooms, with fire-places, and closets, and three 
bed-chambers; a large garret on the whole; In the yard 
is a wash-house and cistern ; The passage from the street 
and the stair-case is light and large, and wainscotted dado 
high . . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, August 29, 1768. 

Long Room. — At Mr. Cox's Long-Room, near the 
Liberty pole, to-morrow Evening the 19th inst. will be 
exhibited, the celebrated Lecture on Heads, with singing 
by the young man who has already been so justly ad- 
mired. Tickets 5s. each. — The New York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, January 18, 1773. 

Bath House. — Perth-Amboy, March, 1772. Lately 
Erected And as soon as the Season will permit, will be 
opened A New and Convenient Bath In which is a Room 
properly constructed to undress and dress in, with a 
Stair-Case leading into the Bathing Room, where Per- 
sons of either Sex may bath in Salt- Water, in the great- 
est Privacy; and for those that chuse to swim off into 



178 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

deeper Water, a Door is so placed in the Bath, that they 
can conveniently go out and return. . . . — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, March 9, 1772. 

Vaux Hall. — To be Sold at pubHc Vendue, . . . The 
large, commodious and well fitted House and Gardens, in 
the Out- Ward of this City, wherein Col. James formerly 
lived, and is known by the name of Vaux-Hall. The 
situation is extream healthy, and pleasant, commanding 
an extensive prospect up and down the North-River: 
The House has four large rooms on a floor, twelve fire- 
places, most excellent cellars, and adjoining the house is 
built a compleat room, 56 feet long and 26 wide, very 
neatly finished under which is a large convenient kitchen 
and other ofl&ces, with a coach-house and stables, a well 
of the very finest water, pumps, cistern, pigeon-house, 
&c. 

The gardens are large, and laid out in a neat, genteel 
manner. The upper garden is planted with the very 
best fruit trees of different sorts; flowers and flowering 
shrubs all in great perfection : the lower garden is plenti- 
fully stocked with vegetables of every kind, sundry fruit 
trees, and every other necessary for the family use, 
great quantities of which might be sent to market. . . . 
Until the Premises are sold, there will be the usual gen- 
teel accomodation. Tea, Coffee, Hot Rolls, &c. &c. and 
the elegant Wax- Work Figures to be seen at all hours of 
the day. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, May 17, 1773. 

Large Commodious Room. — Edward Barden, Intends 
on Saturday the 14th inst. opening the noted tavern the 
corner house in the fields, . . . where he intends keeping 
a good house as usual, (which is very well known in 
general) and will provide tea and coffee mornings and 
afternoons; dinners, suppers and entertainments pro- 
vided at the shortest notice. He has a large commodious 
room fit for balls, concerts, or assemblys. . . . — The 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 179 

New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 9, 
1774. 



Windmill. — To Be Let, And enter'd on immediately, 
The Windmill, house and garden, situated in the Bowery- 
lane, containing six lots of ground, being a thriving 
neighbourhood and very advantageous for a corn or meal 
store. For further particulars enquire of the printer. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Sep- 
tember 18, 1775. 

Windmill. — To The Public, William Davidson has 
opened the noted Wind-Mill, near the one Mile Stone in 
the Bowery-Lane, and will give constant Attendance; 
and will grind Wheat, Corn, Oats, Ginger, &c. at the 
lowest Price. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, August 5, 1776. 



Builders, Architects, and Surveyors 

DoBiE AND Clow, Builders, in Division-Street, Take 
this Method of informing the Publick, that they under- 
take to build in Stone or Brick, Plaster and Stocco Work 
of all kinds, after the London Taste. Any Gentlemen 
who please to employ them may depend upon having 
their Work so done, as to bear the nicest Scrutiny. If 
required, they will also give Plans and Elevations, with 
Estimates of the Whole in Squares, Rods and Yards, 
together with the Quantity of Materials Buildings of any 
Dimension will take, in such a Manner as any Gentleman 
may know his certain Cost before he begins to build. — 
The New-York Mercury, March 11, 1765. 

Daniel Dood of Newark in New-Jersey Surveyor, de- 
signs to remove to another Place and therefore gives 
publick Notice in his own Stile of Poetry, Viz. 



180 THE AETS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Let this give Notice to my Friends, 

That I am about to move, 
To try to better my Condition 

As it doth me behove 
And if that any want that I 

Should Land for them survey, 
Let them apply themselves to me 

Before I go away: 
But with this Caution well observe 

They don't infringe the Claim 
Of them, that Seven hold for One, 

And think it is no Shame ; 
Who say I help to steal Man's Land, 

And blame me very sore 
Which Blame of right belongs to them 

That stole it long before. 

But I'm unwilUng to offend 

Those Fools as well as Wise, 
These Fools I say all those are Fools 

Whose Interest bUnds their Eyes. 
If any are displeased herewith 

or with that Path I've Trod, 
The Auther will maintain the same, 

Whose Name is Daniel Dod. 

— The New-York Gazette, December 
30, 1729-January 6, 1730. 

Theophilus Hardenbrook. — This is to give Notice, 
that Theophilus Hardenbrook, Surveyor, Designs all 
Sorts of Building, well suited to both Town and Country, 
PavilHons, Summer-Rooms, Seats for Gardens, all sorts 
of Rooms after the Taste of the Arabian, Chinese, Per- 
sian, Gothic, Muscovite, Paladian, Roman Vitruvian, and 
Egyptian ; also Water-houses for Parks, Keepers Lodges, 
burying Places, Niches, Eye Traps to represent a Build- 
ing terminating a Walk, or to hide some disagreeable 
Object, Rotundas, Colonades, Arcads, Studies in Parks or 
Gardens, Green Houses for the Preservation of Herbs, 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 181 

with winding Funnels through the Wall, so as to keep 
them warm, Farm-Houses, Town Houses, Market Houses, 
Churches, Altar Pieces: He also connects all sorts of 
Truss-Roofs, and prevents their separating, by a new 
Method; and also all sorts of Domes, Spires, Cupolos, 
both Pile and hanging Bridges. Note, He designs and 
executes beautiful Chimney Pieces, as any here yet exe- 
cuted. Said Hardenbrook has now open'd a School near 
the New-Enghsh-Church, where he teaches Architecture 
from 6 o'clock in the Evening till Eight. — The New-York 
Mercury, October 2, 1758. 

WiLLOUGHBY LoFTUs. — The Subscriber takes this 
Method to inform the Public, that he has by a Number 
of Years Practice, acquired the Art of forming Designs 
for Buildings; any Gentlemen (either in Town or 
County) that pleases to favour me with their Employ, 
may depend on having their Buildings performed in the 
newest and neatest Manner now practised in or about 
London ; I having work'd with the best Workmen on the 
best Buildings, therefore an well acquainted with the 
best Method of performing the Workmanship: I will 
take all Manner of Buildings, either by the Lump, or 
Day ; my Character and AbiUties, may be well known by 
several Gentlemen in this City. Those Gentlemen who 
choose to favour me with their Commands, by leaving a 
Line or sending for me, opposite to Mr. Garret Noel, 
Bookseller, they shall be waited on immediately. By 
their Humble Servant, Willoughby Loftus. N.B. He 
hkewise measures Carpenters, Painter, Masons, and 
Paviers Work. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, July 4, 1768. 

Francis Marschalk. — To be Leased for a Term of 
Years. The Lots at the Rear of the College Ground. 
. . . For Particulars Enquire of Francis Marschalk, City 
Surveyor.— r/ie New-York Gazette, February 9-16, 1767. 

Thomas Shaw and Nathaniel Sedgfield, lately ar- 
riv'd from England, takes this method of acquainting the 



182 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

public, that they are capable of building most sorts of 
mills, as grist-mills, paper, and oil-mills, Engines for 
rasping and cutting wood for dying with. Engines for 
raising water from mines, either by wind, water, or 
Horses, saw-mills for cutting wood, &c. Any person in- 
clined to employ said Shaw and Sedgfield, by applying to 
the Printer, may be informed where to meet with them. 

N.B. A plan will be drawn, if required, of any of the 
above works, by the publick's most humble Servants, 
Thomas Shaw and Nathaniel Sedgfield. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, August 15, 1768. 

Lumber 

A Board Yard, Kept by Thomas Shreeve, House- 
Carpenter and Joiner, from Burlington, West-New- 
Jersey, hving opposite to WiUiam Waltons, Esq; in 
Queen-Street, and has to dispose of, Pitch-Pine Duck 
Plank for Vessels, and sheathing Boards for ditto ; Pitch- 
Pine and Cedar Boards of Inch, three Quarter, and half 
Inch; also Joices of Cedar and Pitch-Pine, of sundry 
Sizes; likewise Shingles of 3 Feet, and those of 18 Inches 
in Length ; as also Cornish and Indian Gutters, and sun- 
dry other Sorts of Boards. 

N.B. The Boards are on a Lot of Ground belonging 
to the Estate of the late Major Van Home, next to the 
new Building of the said WilHam Walton, Esq; from 
whence they may be taken by Water without the Help 
of a Cart. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post- 
Boy, June 3, 1754. 

Sawyer. — Edmund Banton, Sawyer, from Liverpool, 
having lately set up his Business at the House of Mr. 
Rosevelt, near the North-River, in this City, takes this 
Opportunity to acquaint all Cabinet-Makers, Joiners, 
and Carpenters, that will favour him with any Thing in 
his Way, that they may depend on having their Work 
done in the best Manner, with all due Care and Expedi- 
tion; having every conveniency for carrying on that 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 183 

Business, and a good House for Keeping Timber from the 
Weather. Due Attendance will be given by him at his 
Saw- Pitt at the Place above mentioned. 

N.B. If he meets with any Encouragement from the 
several Tradesmen above mentioned, he purposes to stay 
in this Place, otherwise he must be obliged to remove for 
better Employ. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, June 3, 1754. 

Lumber Yard. — John Blanck, Living at EUis's-Shp, at 
the North-River, Has now by him, at his Lumber- Yard, 
(which was formerly kept by Alderman Roosevelt,) a 
choice parcel of shingles, gutter pieces and Cornishes, 
and all other sorts of timber for building, which he sells 
on the most reasonable terms. — The New York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, June 6, 1768. 

Board and Timber Yard. — George Bell, Still continues 
to keep his Board and Timber Yard, near Ellis's Dock, 
at the North-River, where he now has for Sale, Shingles, 
and every other Article in the Timber Way, having sup- 
phed himself with a large Assortment, and intends to 
keep a sufficient Quantity always ready provided for his 
Customers; and any Gentleman that please to favour 
him with their Commands, may always depend upon 
being well served, and at the lowest Prices. Also sells 
Rum and brown Sugar by the Barrel, or less Quantity, 
with Loaf Sugar, Salt and Indian Corn. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 18, 1768. 

Timber. — To be Sold by Stanton & Ten Brook, ^ on 
Dey's Dock; at a small Profit, All kinds of Timber, 
Albany Boards, yellow Pine, red and white Cedar for 
Gutters, Mahogany of all Sorts for Joiners Work, Albany 
Pipe Staves, all Sorts of Shop Work by a Man who is 
to give good attendance to the Yard. Stanton and Ten 

1 The partnership of Stanton & Ten Brook was later dissolved by 
mutual consent. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
October 15, 1770. 



184 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Brook. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, April 30, 1770. 

Lumber Inspected. — ^Whereas a Law of the Corpora- 
tion of the City of New York, has lately passed, to ascer- 
tain the Size, Dimensions, and Quahty of Staves, Head- 
ing, Hoops, Boards, Timber, Shingles and Plank, which 
shall be brought to this City of New- York, for Sale, from 
and after the first Day of September, which will be in the 
Year 1770 ; Notice is hereby given, that we are appointed 
Measures and Inspectors of Timber, Plank, Boards, &c. 
and all Persons are desired to take Notice, that they are 
requir'd by the said Law, not to deliver to the Purchaser, 
any Plank, Timber, Boards or Shingles, before they are 
examined and measured. Isaac Chardavoyne, Francis 
Many, John Blank, Theop. Hardenbrook. — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, September 13, 
1770. 

North American Lumber, Lumber of all kinds for 
European, West- India, and American Markets, to be sold 
by Abiel Wood, and Co. at Pownalboro, Sheepscut-River. 
For Particulars, Prices and Terms of Payment, apply to 
Robert Gould and Thomas Brown, in Back-Street, Bos- 
ton, who are ready to treat for several Cargoes of any 
Kind of Dimensions; and will engage that the greatest 
Dispatch shall be given. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, April 8, 1771. 

Mahogany. — A Cargo of 60,000 feet choice large bay 
mahogany, to be sold in lots from 5 to 10,000 in each lot; 
laying on the wharf between Burhng's-shp and the Ferry 
Stairs; at public vendue, on Wednesday next, between 
11 and 12 o'clock. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, September 28, 1772. 

Lumber Yard. — To be Sold, At George Stanton's Lum- 
ber Yard, at Dye's Dock, near the North-River, All 
kinds of Albany board and and planck, oak and Jersey 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 185 

pine, timber of all sorts, the best three feet or long 
shingles, lath, &c. by Philip Hone, who gives constant 
attendance, and will undertake all kinds of shop-work. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 
5, 1773. 

Board and Timber Yard. — Marsh and Trembly, In- 
form their Friends and the Public in general, That they 
have for Sale at their Board and Timber Yard, (That 
formerly kept by George Bell, at the North River) A 
Large Quantity of Lumber, among which is all kinds of 
Albany and Jersey Plank, with Timber and Boards of all 
Sorts and Dimensions commonly used in this city ; cieling 
Laths, &c. Gentlemen or others will be supplied with 
any of the above Articles at the shortest Notice. They 
have also a Quantity of Shingles to dispose of. N.B. 
Daniel Marsh has for Sale, as usual. Bricks, Lime &c. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Sep- 
tember 5, 1774. 

Lumber Yard. — To Be Sold, by Hardenbrook and 
Dominick, At their Lumber- Yard, in Water-Street, a 
little above Dover-Street: Timber, boards and plank of 
all sorts and sizes for building, red cedar logs, mahogany, 
red and Spanish Cedar boards and plank, mahogany and 
Spanish Cedar for stair cases. Likewise at their Lumber- 
Yard, in the Out-Ward, near the Ship- Yards, they have 
long and short shingles, hand sawed long oak and pine 
plank, from one and an half inch to four inches, for ship 
building, &c. round and square gutter pieces, square oak 
and pine logs, round and square logs for dock building. 
Also on the shortest notice can supply any person with 
large quantities of lumber for shipping. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, March 6, 1775. 



Masons and Their Materials 

Stone Lime. — All Persons who shall have occasion for 
good Stone-Lime next Spring or Summer, may be sup- 



186 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

plyed with what Quantity they have occasion for by 
Lewis Gomez in the City of New- York, at a reasonable 
Price. — The New-York Gazette, September 29-October 
6, 1729. 

Purple Stones. — To be Sold, Wrought or Unwrought, 
Curious fine flat purple Stones brought from Hide Park, 
for Tomb-Stones, Head-stones, Hearth-stones, Step- 
stones, Paving stones, &c. Whoever has occasion for 
any of the aforesaid Stones, may apply to John Norris, at 
the house of Mr. Edward Hicks, Merchant in New York. 
—The New-York Gazette, March 24-31, 1735. 

Quarry Stones. — To be Sold, by James Banks, Tavern 
Keeper, at Newark. All Manner of the best Sorts of 
Quarry-Stones, as Tomb Stones, Platforms, Step-Stones 
of any Length, Paving Stones, Curbs for Wells, Rollers 
for Gardens, Building Stones, Hearth Stone, and Duck 
Puddles; any of which may be had, either rough, hewn 
or saw'd, at reasonable Rates. — The New-York Weekly 
Post-Boy, June 16, 1746. 

Street Paver. — George Hicks, Street-paver, from 
London, Advertises himself, as ready to serve any Gentle- 
men in that Way, either by the Day or by the Yard, at 
the most reasonable Rates. He may be spoke with at the 
house of Nicholas KiUman, a Httle below Cortland's 
Sugar House, at the North River. — The New-York 
Gazette, June 23, 1760. 

Tiles. — To be sold, by Robert Crommelin, living near 
the St. George's Chapel: a Parcel of Laths and glaz'd 
Tiles, for covering Houses. — The New-York Gazette, 
September 22, 1760. 

Bricklayer. — Richard Weston, Bricklayer, from Lon- 
don, takes this Method to inform all Gentlemen and 
Ladies, and others that he has lately arrived at New- 
York, and intends to follow his Business in all its various 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 187 

Branches; as also causes Suction to Chimnies, to cure 
that obnoxious Suffocation that Families so frequently 
labour under; Likewise makes Backs, or Water Cisterns 
of Brick or Stone, plaister'd with durable Cement; as 
also stucco Frontis Pieces, and Arcadias, neatly performed 
in their true Orders, and the whole Entablature neatly 
performed in Brick Work. Those Gentlemen and Ladies 
that think proper to favour me with their Employ, may 
be waited on by directing only to my House, in King 
George Street, next Door to Mr. WilUam Peck. Mean 
Time, I am Gent, and Ladies your most humble and 
Obedient Servant. Richard Weston. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post^Boy, August 5, 1762. 

Lime. — For White Washing, Exceeding fine unslack'd 
stone Lime, which by experience is found to stick best 
to the walls, and endure longest white; also, unslack'd 
Lime by the hogshead for plastering, or for building; 
which will be warranted better than any Rhode Island 
Lime; and common slack'd Lime, to be had on the most 
reasonable terms, by Ralph Thurman, at the North- 
River, near Alderman Roosevelt's. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, February 25, 1765. 

Plain Tyles to Cover Buildings, made by Daniel 
Hendrickson, at Middletown Point, the same Sort as are 
made Use of in London, and most Parts of England, and 
are the soundest and most lasting Covering made use of 
(except the best light Sort of Slate) and are greatly 
perferable to the Boston Slate, being lighter and cheaper. 
No Weather can penetrate, if properly laid, and are the 
safest of any covering against Fire, being not subject to 
fly by any Heat. To be Sold by J. Edward Pryor, near 
the Commissary Lake's, at the North-River, New- York, 
or the above Maker. Where also may be had in the 
Spring, choice Rubbing Bricks for cutting Arches, or any 
Mouldings for Cornises, will also stand Fire for Ovens 
or Furnaces. 

Best Providence Lime, to be sold by said Pryor, Also 



188 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

the noted North River Lime, branded J. M. W. for White- 
washing (lately advertised by Ralph Thurman.) And 
all kinds of Materials for Buildings provided on the least 
Notice, the lowest Rates, with Instructions what Scant- 
lings are proper, or other Materials necessary, and their 
Quantities in any kind of House Building. 

N.B. Said Pryor makes Plans and Estimates, directs 
or measures all Artificers Work, belonging to building in 
Wood, Brick, or Stone. . . . — The New-York Mercury, 
December 2, 1765. 

Bricklayer and Mason. — The subscriber (with his 
wife) lately from Kilkenny in Ireland, and just arrived 
with Capt. Gifford from Bristol, by trade a bricklayer 
and mason, being indebted for his passage, to Capt. 
Gifford, £ 26 current money of New- York, is willing to 
enter into contract with any person who will pay the 
said money, . . Patrick Blanch ville. — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, June 2, 1768. 

Bricklayer. — William Sawyer, Bricklayer and Plais- 
ter, late from London, informs the public, That he will 
execute his work upon as reasonable terms, and in as 
neat a manner as any man in this city. Likewise can 
set any kind of fire work in brick ; such as coppers, stills, 
stoves, dyers kettles, whalebone boilers, tripe pans, tal- 
low chandlers pans, soap boilers pans, smoke jacks, bakers 
oven, Dutch ovens, hatters kettles, muffin plates, &c. 
Gentlemen wanting any of the above work done, by send- 
ing a line to Mr. Robert Merrey, or Mr. Scandrett, near 
the Fly-market shall be waited on by their humble 
servant, William Sawyer. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, July 3, 1769. 

Fire Brick, Isaac Conro, Near the Oswego-Market, 
Has for sale, best Yellow Stock Brick, which, on repeated 
trials at the air-furnaces in New- York and Newark have 
proved superior for standing an intense heat, to any 
bricks in America; and are equal, if not superior, to the 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 189 

best Windsor fire bricks: For the truth of this, please 
to enquire of Messrs Peter T. Curtenius, merchant, and 
WiUiam Lyle, founder, owners of the air-furnace, in 
New York, and Moses Ogden, manager of the air-furnace, 
at Newark. Those bricks make the best bottoms for 
bakers ovens, they are also the most lasting for flues 
in sugar and pot-ash works; in short, they exceed the 
Philadelphia soap stone, for standing fire, which has been 
proved in the steel-furnace in Connecticut; the above 
mentioned bricks make also beautiful fronts for build- 
ings, nearly resembling in colour the Portland stone. 

At the same place may be had, Fire Clay and Sand, 
of which the morter is made for building of any kind of 
work for standing fire: Of this sand and clay, crucibles 
have been made, which are as good as any that are im- 
ported. If any gentlemen in the West-Indies, should 
have occasion for it, for the use of their sugar works, 
it will be packt up in handy cask fit for exportation. 
Said Conro has also for sale, marble chimney pieces of the 
newest fashion, chimney tyle, iron backs, bottoms and 
side plates; brass wire wove fit for pantries and daries to 
keep out flies, stone lime. He also cures smooking chim- 
nies: No cure, no pay, for this work. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 29, 1770. 

Marble. — Several sets of very curious Italian, Derby- 
shire, and Kilkenny Marble for Fire-Places, Polished in 
the best Manner, just imported from England, and to 
sold by Walter Franklin, and Co. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 22, 1771. 

Bricks.— To be sold, 15,000 Stock Brick, fit for Fur- 
naces and Forges. The Quality of these Bricks, which 
were manufactured by Isaac Conro, deceased, is so well 
known in regard to their Quahty for standing the most 
intense Heat, that it will be needless to say any thing 
more about them, than that they are well burnt and to 
be sold by the Subscriber, who will send them to New- 
York, agreeable to Directions, or deliver them at the Kill, 



190 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

at Amboy. Stephen Skinner. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, September 16, 1771. 

Law for Making Bricks. — We are desired to publish 
the following extract of a law of this colony, relative to 
the making of Bricks, passed the 19th June, in the year 
1703; the regulation thereby directed, it is said, not being 
duly attended to. 

That no person or persons, shall make or suffer to 
made, in any place or places within this colony, any 
bricks, or kiln of bricks, but such as shall be well and 
thoroughly burnt, and of the size and dimension follow- 
ing. That is to say, every brick to be and contain nine 
inches in length, four inches and one quarter of an inch 
in breadth, and two inches and one half inch in the 
thickness thereof, . . . — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, April 6, 1772. 

French Burr Mill-Stones, Made of the first quahty, 
lately imported from France, by the subscriber at his 
mill-stone-manufactory, at the lower end of Little Queen- 
Street, at the North-River; 

Who will engage to compleat them in a masterly man- 
ner, either for merchant or other mills; He has been 
many years in the business of mill-stone making, And 
likewise the millers business in general; And as he has 
been at a very great expense in procuring the Burrs, 
plaister of Paris, and materials, and being the first person 
in promoting so useful a manufactory in this Province, 
hopes for the encouragement from the generahty of the 
merchants, millers, &c. &c. as the Burr-Stones from re- 
peated tryals have been found to exceed any other ever 
yet found out for grinding wheat, &c. And the public 
may be asured no pains or expence shall be spared to 
render them far superior to any ever imported into 
America, as none but prime stones shall be made use of 
for that purpose. And as the above stones are of the 
greatest utility to the colonies in general, he humbly 
hopes for that encouragement which the merit of his 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 191 

work may justly deserve; which favours shall be grate- 
fully acknowledged by The Public's obedient, humble 
servant, James Webb. N.B. Any gentleman may choose 
out the stones before made up, if he pleases. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, June 13, 1774, 

Tiles. — Weeks and Vallentine, Pan-tile-Makers, at 
Middletown ; Make and sell pan-tiles of the best quality, 
at eleven Pounds per thousand for glaz'd and nine Pounds 
for unglaz'd. Gentlemen may be supplied with any 
quantity by applying to Mr. John Besnit, Bricklayer, 
opposite Mr. John Wiley's Distillery, New- York. N.B. 
They will warrant them to stand any weather. — Riving^ 
ton's New-York Gazetteer, July 28, 1774. 

Mason. — ^William Hunt, Mason, from England, Re- 
siding at Mrs. Wessels's, in Bridge-street, New- York. 
Takes this method of informing the respectable public, 
that he would be very desirous of serving them in any 
sort of mason work, such as setting of kettles, boilers, 
stills, stoves, cylinders, ovens, glass and iron furnaces, &c. 
He will effectually prevent smoaky chimneys or desire 
no pay. Those persons that please to employ him, are 
requested to send a line, post paid, and they will be 
immediately answer'd, or attendance given, by their 
humble servant. Wm. Hunt. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, July 10, 1775. 

House Carpenters 

A Carpenter's Day Made Easy. — Mr. Zenger: I am a 
Carpenter by Trade and can read English, therefore I 
some Times borrow your paper. My fellow Trades Men 
say, that you are to print every Thing that is good and 
bad in the Country, and to reward all Men according to 
their Deserts. I hear that some Body has put a Clapper 
into the Fort Bell, and that it is to ring at Morning, Noon 
and Night, as in the old Times. I am heartily glad of it. 
It will produce a great Reformation. We shall breakfast, 



192 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

dine, and sup, according to Rule and Compass, and know 
how to square our Work as in the Days of our Fore- 
fathers. I assure you, Mr, Zenger, that is a good deed, 
and ought not to be sUghted: Therefore I and the Rest 
of the Day Labourers in Town, intend very speedily to 
pay our Thanks to that worthy Artist, in a very Hand- 
some Address of which pray take Notice in your Papers. 
I am Bob Chizel. — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
January 7, 1733. 

House Carpenter. — To Be Sold, By Peter Hendrick's 
House carpenter, near the new dutch Church, several 
sorts of Cordials which cures the Hestirk Fitts ; Children 
of Worms; pangs in the stomach, choUick, and several 
other Ailments. — The New-York Evening Post, Decem- 
ber 19, 1748. 

Wage. — For the Encouragement of Ship-Carpenters, 
able Seamen, and Labourers, in the Country, and the 
neighbouring Provinces, to repair to the City of Newr 
York, The Merchants of this City have agreed to give to 
Ship-Carpenters, Eight shillings per Day, able Seamen, 
Five shilhngs; and Labourers Four shilHngs; with the 
usual Allowance of Provisions; and no other or greater 
Wages whatsoever. And all Persons liking the above 
Proposals, may be certain of constant Employment. — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, Sep- 
tember 18, 1758. 

Carpenter. — Blake, Carpenter and Joiner, in John- 
Street near the Golden-Hill, Takes this Method of in- 
forming the PubUck, that he undertakes Carpenter's & 
Joiner's Work by Measure, or makes Estimates before he 
begins to work; so that any Gentleman that pleases to 
employ him, may depend on having their Work done 
in the best Manner, and knowing their certain Cost. — 
The New-York Mercury, April 8, 1765. 

House Carpenter. — This is to acquaint all Gentlemen 
that have any Buildings to undertake, or carry on that 



BUILDINGS AND BUILDERS 193 

I John Glover, House-Carpenter from Edinburgh, will 
endeavour, if applied to, to accomplish the same in the 
most elegant, substantial and newest Fashion, that is at 
present in Great-Britain, as I am universally acquainted 
with the same, and I shall endeavour to use all Gentle- 
men that will employ me, with the utmost Veracity: I 
shall say no more, but I hope my Work and Performances 
will bear me witness of the Truth of the above asserted ; 
I am to be found at the House of John Torry's, near the 
Scotch Meeting-House. John Glover. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, February 22, 1768. 

House Carpenters. — The partnership of Joseph Peir- 
son and Willoughby Loftus, House Carpenters, being now 
dissolved; the Business of House-carpenter and Ship- 
Joiner, is still carried on by Joseph Pierson on the New 
Dock, who hopes for the continuance of his Friends Cus- 
tom, which will be gratefully acknowledged by their 
most obedient Servant. Joseph Peirson. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Post-Boy, February 26, 
1770. 

Society of House Carpenters. — To the Public, The 
Society of House Carpenters, in this City, having fixed 
on the House of Mr. David Philips, at which to hold 
their stated Meetings, and transact the Business of the 
Society, beg Leave to take this Method to acquaint the 
Public therewith, and to desire the favour of such Gentle- 
men who shall have Occasion to employ them, either 
in drawing Plans, Elevations, and Estimates, or to exe- 
cute any Carpenters Work, that they would be pleased 
to apply to said Philip's, where they will meet with 
the Workmen, who will faithfully, and on reasonable 
Terms, perform the different Kinds of Work which they 
shall undertake; and will with Gratitude acknowledge 
any Favours received from their Employers. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, November 18, 
1771. 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 
Braziers 

James Byers, Brass-Founder, in Bayard Street, next to 
Mr. Levy's, Makes all sorts of Brass Work, Viz. Andirons, 
Tongs and Shovels, Fenders, Candlesticks, Buckles: 
Casts all sorts of Erases for Mills, Brass Chambers for 
Pumps, &c. &c. Also Makes Wire Cages for Parrots; 
hangs Bells, Rivets China &c. &c. with Care and Dis- 
patch.i— T/ie New-York Gazette, December 13, 1762. 

John Center. — To be sold very cheap for ready 
Money by John Center, Brasier, in Duke Street, who 
intends selhng off his Shop, consisting of A Large Sort- 
ment of Brass and Copper Kettles, with Three large Soap 
Kettles, hard Metal, and Pewter of all Sorts, Shovels and 
Tongs, Hand Irons, Grid-Irons, and most kinds of Found- 
er's, Brasier's and Hard Ware. — The New-York Gazette 
Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, March 12, 1750. 

John Halden, Brasier from London, near the Old-Slip- 
Market in New- York; Makes and sells all sorts of copper 
and Brass Kettles, Tea-kettles, Coffee Potts, pye pans. 
Warming-pans, and all other Sorts of Copper and Brass 
Ware: He likewise mends and tins any sort of Copper 
and Brass, after the best Manner; at reasonable Rates; 
and gives Ready Money for Old Copper, Brass, Pewter 
or Lead. — The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, November 
19, 1744. 

John Halden, Brasier from London, near the Old-SHp 
Market in New- York, Makes and sells aU sorts of Copper 

1^ Byers still advertised in 1771, in The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, February 11, 1771. 
194 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 195 

and Brass Kettles, Tea-Kitchens, Tea-Kettles, Coffee 
Pots, Pye-Pans, Warming-Pans, Chafing-dishes, Candle- 
sticks, and all other sorts of Copper and Brass Ware, 
Also sells hard-metal Plates and Dishes, Tankards quart 
and pint Mugs, Cullenders, Tea-Pots, Salts, Cranes, 
Punch-Ladles, Tea Spoons; all sorts of London Pewter, 
black japan'd Mugs, Brass Cocks, knives and Forks, Shoe- 
buckles, Brass Wire and Hand-irons. Makes and mends 
Coppers and Stills; he likewise tins and mends any sort 
of Copper or Brass after the best Manner at reasonable 
Rates; and gives ready Money for old Copper, Brass, 
Pewter or Lead.^ — The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, 
February 24, 1746. 

Thomas Pugh, Brass and Bell-Founder, from Birm- 
ingham, at his Shop in Maiden-Lane, New- York. Makes 
and casts all sorts of Work in the Brass founding Way; 
also makes and sells all Sorts of soft and hard white 
Metal; likewise Pinchbeck, and Bath Metal, in all its 
kinds; He will make House Bells, Clock Bells, or Chim- 
ing Bells, for any that shall please to employ him, at 
the most reasonable Rates. — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, May 2, 1768. 

William Scandrett, Brass-Founder, Uving about the 
Center of the Fly-Market, opposite the Widow Tucker's, 
Makes and sells all Sorts of Brass and Iron Hand-Irons, 
and various other Articles in the Foundery Way; Like- 
wise has imported in the Edward, Capt. Davis, and other 
Vessels from London, An Assortment of Hard-Ware, 
such as Brass Candlesticks, Shovels and Tongs, Chimney 
Hooks, Brass Cloke Pins, Brass Cocks, ditto Crane Cocks, 
best Wool Cards, London Pewter Plates, Dishes, Basons, 
Tankards and Spoons: Likewise Barbers Trimings, 
Hones, Razors, Straps, Curling Irons, Scissars, Wig Cauls, 
Ribbon, Silk, &c. As Also Ivory and Horn Combs, with 
and without Cases ; Shoe-Buckles and Sleeve-Buttons, of 

^Creditora of John Halden met to demand settlement. See The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, May 27, 1751. 



196 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

sundry kinds, Files, Borax, Shoe and Knee Chapes, Spel- 
ter and Spelter Sorters, Silversmiths binding Wire, Brass 
ditto, Pumis-stone, Rotten ditto. Argil, Sandever and 
Sand Paper, blue Melting Pots, Crucibles of all Sizes, 
which he will sell at the most reasonable Rates; like- 
wise has to sell a Parcel of Men's Shoes, which he will 
sell very cheap; best White-Chapel Needles, four, and 
four and a half Pound Caulking Pins. — The New-York 
Gazette, April 16, 1764. 

John Smith, Brasier and Copper-Smith, at the Sign 
of the Brass-Kettle, Tea Kettle, and Coffee-Pot, between 
the Dwelling-House of Capt. Isaac Sears and Beekman's 
Slip; begs Leave to acquaint the Pubhc in general, and 
his Friends in Particular, that he has just open'd Shop 
at the above-mention'd Place, and proposes to carry on 
his Business in all its Branches. Those Persons who 
(willing to encourage a young Beginner) may favour 
him with their Conamands, may depend on having them 
executed with PunctuaUty and Dispatch, at a reasonable 
Rate. N.B. He keeps a neat Assortment of ready made 
Articles for Sale.^ — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, January 16, 1769. 

John Smith. — On Saturday last, Richard Ely (pur- 
suant to his sentence, for fraudulently Attempting to 
Cheat and Defraud Numbers of the Respectable In- 
habitants of this City, and also for attempting to Steal a 
Silver Watch, out of the Shop of Mr. Smith, Brazier on 
the Dock) was exalted on a Wooden Horse in a Tri- 
umphal Carr, and in that ignominious manner Rid round 
the City, with Labels on his Breast. . . . — News item in 
The New York Chronicle, September 14-21, 1769. 

Richard Skellorn, Brass-Founder, in Beaver-Street, 
near the King's Statue, New- York, late from London: 

s Death notice of John Smith, brass founder and copper smith, from 
Island of St. Croix, appeared in The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, August 8, 1774. 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 197 

Makes the following articles from the newest patterns 
now in vogue in London. All sorts of fine and common 
candlesticks, brass and irons, fret fenders, coach and 
cabinet work, all sorts of brass weights, mortars, and mill 
work; bells cast, Likewise Clock, watch, and gun work 
in general. 

N.B. The best allowance made in exchange for old 
metal. An Apprentice of credible parents will be ac- 
ceptable for the above trade. — Rivington's New-York 
Gazetteer, May 18, 1775. 

John Taylor. — . . . Campbell and Gault have their 
shop in Maiden Lane between the house of Mr. Jacob 
Allen's Gun-smith, and Mr. John Taylor, Brass-founder. 
. . . — The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, 
February 25, 1773. 

Moses Taylor, removed from the Fly-market to the 
Old Slip market, makes and sells Brass and Copper Ket- 
tles, and most other kinds of Braisier's Goods. He gives 
ready money for old Brass and Copper. — The New-York 
Gazette, August 12, 1751. 

Jacob Wilkins, Near the Old-Slip Market, at the Sign 
of the Brass Andiron and Candlestick, in New- York, Has 
for sale a neat and pretty assortment of brass andirons 
of the newest fashion, and a larger assortment of iron 
andirons with brass heads, (different sizes) from sixteen 
to fifty shillings per pair; also a few dozen of shovels 
and tongs, suitable to the above; a few brass fenders, 
also brass shovels and tongs, brass and pinchbeck knee 
buckles; makes all kinds of brass work, mill brass and 
pump chambers, also branding irons of metal that will 
not rust, also brass fenders, melting pots No. 15, No. 12. 
. . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
August 26, 1771. Also N. Y. Mercury, May 20, 1765. 

Thomas Yates, Brass Founder, and Copper-Plate 
Printer, from Birmingham, living in Fincher's Alley, near 



198 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

the Bowling Green, New- York; Makes all Sorts of Hand 
Irons, Buckles, Buttons, &c. Likewise makes all sorts 
of small Steel and Iron Tools for Cabinet-Makers, Carv- 
ers, Silver Smiths, and Engravers, such as Chizzels, 
Gouges, Drills, Scorpers, Gravers, Punchers, &c. &c. Also, 
House Bells hung in the neatest and best Manner. N.B. 
He makes, mends and repairs all Sorts of Locks. The 
New-York Gazette, November 19, 1759. 

Cutlers 

Edward Andrews Cutler, who served an Apprentice- 
ship to the famous Mr. Henry Jones of Sweething's Alley 
by the Royal Exchange London, arrived in this Place 
last Week in the Irene, Capt. Garrison, and has taken a 
Shop in the House, late in the Possession of Mrs. Easom, 
next Door to Mrs. Groesbeck's near the Merchants 
Coffee-House ; where Gentlemen, Ladies, and others, may 
depend on having all kinds of Cutlery- Work done by 
him, in the newest and neatest Fashions now in Vogue 
at London, and at reasonable Rates. He has brought 
over with him a small but choice Assortment of Goods in 
his Way, such as Table-knives, Butchers-knives, and Pen- 
knives, Razors, Lancets, and Scissers; Buttons, Buckles, 
Cork-screws, Seals, and noted Constantinople Razors- 
Cases and Strops, &c. &c. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Post-Boy, Supplement, dated May 18, 1752. 

John Aris at the Cross Guns in Market Field Street, 
near the N. E. Bastion of the Fort, Makes, Mends, and 
Grinds all Sorts of Cutlery Ware and Surgeon's Instru- 
ments. You may also have all sorts of White Smith's 
Work done by him, all at a very reasonable Rate. — The 
New-York Weekly Journal, January 11, 1742. 

Bailey & Youle, Cutlers from ShefiSeld at Their Shop 
Near the Merchants Coffee-House, Makes all sorts of 
surgeons instruments, trusses, steel collars for children, 
irons for lame legs, and silversmiths tools ; likewise grinds 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 199 

all sorts of knives, razors, shears, and scissars, to look as 
neat as when new; also fixes new blades into any kind of 
hafts; cut gentlemen and ladies names, with numbers 
for numbering linen, and books, wherewith they give 
either red or black ink which will not wash out, and may 
be used by any person without trouble or inconveniency. 
They Ukewise have for Sale, Silk stockings, silver 
haf ted knives and forks, ivory and ebony ditto, red wood, 
plain and silver ferrel'd ditto, stag, buck and bone ditto, 
carving knives and forks, pen-knives of all sorts, pocket, 
garden ditto, razors of all sorts, bones and razor straps, 
fine cast steel scissars, common ditto of all sorts, taylors 
shears and thimbles, tortoiseshell combs, and common 
butchers knives, saws, steels and cleavers, shoemakers 
knives of all sorts, cock gaffs, netting and knitting 
needles, sword canes with cocks, plain ditto, silver seals 
and steel blocks, silver plated ditto, double and single 
plane irons, carving gouges and chissels of all sorts, watch 
chrystals, and silver buckels of the newest fashions. 
N.B. They give the greatest price for old gold and silver 
lace, and old gold and silver. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, March 4, 1771. 

Thomas Brown. — William Gale, who formerly lived 
in Duke-Street, next to Mr. Bayard, has imported 
Clothier's Shears, Cards &c. he is to be spoke with at the 
House of Thomas Brown, Cutler in Hanover-Square, in 
New- York. — The New-York Weekly Journal, November 
30, 1741. 

Thomas Brown, is removed to the Sign of the Cross- 
Daggers in Smiths-Fly, near the Fly-Market, and sells 
all Sorts of Ironmongery and Cutlery Ware, by Wholesale 
or retail; as Locks, Hinges, Gimblets, Bolts, Latches, 
PuUies and Sash Line, dripping and frying Pans, Car- 
penter's Hammers, Chizzels, compasses and Rules, Draw- 
ing Knives, Stone and Brick Trowels, London Glue, 
WooU-Combs & Cards, Brass Handles & Escutcheons, 
and all other Materials for Cabinet-Makers, Broad axes. 



200 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Hand-saws & Iron Squares, and all sorts of Coopers 
Tools, all sorts of knives, Scissars, Lancets, Razors, Coat 
& Breast Buttons, Thimbles, Pins and Needles; all sorts 
of Shoemakers Tools, Smith's Anvils & Vises, German 
& English Steel, all sorts of London soft & hard Metal 
Pewter & all Sorts of sadlery Ware. He likewise grinds 
Razors, scissars & Lancets, as usual. — The New-York 
Weekly Post-Boy, May 19, 1746. 

John Flanner, Cutler, from London, now living near 
the Fly-Market in New- York; Makes and sells all sorts 
of Cutlery Ware, and Grinds scissars. Razors, Pen 
Knives, or any other sort of Instruments, after the best 
Manner, with Expedition. — The New-York Gazette Re- 
vived in the Weekly Post-Boy, September 21, 1747. 

William Jasper, cutler. Just arrived from England, 
is now settled in New York, near the Fly, Queen-Street, 
near the Burling's and Beekman's Slip, next Door to 
Mr. Murray's, takes this Method to acquaint the publick. 
That he makes all kinds of Surgeons instruments, and 
grinds and cleans them; makes Razors, Pen knives, 
scissars, and all kinds of Edge Tools, which he also 
grinds; and makes Cutlery in general; makes Buckles 
of the best Block-Tin, wrought and plain Men's Gold 
and Silver Ware; Pinking-Irons of all Sorts; Sadlers 
Tools; Fret-Saws; Hatters knives; hkewise draws Teeth 
with great Ease and Safety, being accustomed to it for 
many Years. He likewise has brought over a Quantity 
of Copper and Tin Hard- Ware. All Persons that please 
to favour him with their Custom, may depend upon 
being served in the best and cheapest Manner. — The 
New-York Gazette, August 29, 1763. 

Lucas & Shepard, White-smiths and Cutlers, from 
Birmingham and Sheffield, At their shop at the Fly- 
market, near the Ferry-Stairs, make all sorts of surgeons 
instruments, all sorts of jointed irons for lame legs, steel 
trusses, and steel collars for children, all sorts of double 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 201 

jointed plyers, steel pads with sets of bits ; silver-smiths, 
braziers, and tinners tools; turning lathes for any trade, 
tobacco engines, stove grates, iron bed steads, winding 
up and smoak jacks coach smith's work, new locks, and 
any sort of keys made to old ones, coopers vices, all sorts 
of gimblets, plane irons double and single center pins, 
cork screws, all sorts of carving tools and white smith's 
work. Likewise makes all sorts of knives and forks, 
pocket and pen knives, shoemakers knives, tobacco 
knives, razors, lancets, fleams, butcher's steels, knives 
and cleavers. Also grind all sorts of knives, razors, 
scissars, shears, fleams and lancets, and all parts of sword 
cutling; put new blades into any sort of hafts. We 
having wrought with Mr. Bailey for three years past, 
hope gentlemen and ladies will favour us with their cus- 
tom, as they may depend upon being well used, and that 
the above articles are made here. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 20, 1771. 

Lucas & Shepherd. — As the Co-partnership of Lucas 
and Shepherd, expired the first of May last, Sebastian 
Lucas, Whitesmith and Cutler, from Birmingham, Takes 
this opportunity to acquaint the public in general, and 
those in particular whose friendship he has already ex- 
perienced, that he still carries on the busines, at his shop 
. . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
September 13, 1773. 

Richard Sause, Cutler, Has removed from the Corner 
of the Slote, in Smith-street, next door to Messrs Thomp- 
son's and Selby's Saddlers, near the coffee house, where 
he continues to carry on the cutlery business, in various 
branches. Viz — New works of various sorts, surgeons 
instruments of all sorts, ground, glazed, polished and set- 
swords, pistols, guns, &c. cleaned and polished, silver- 
smith's, brasier's and tinmen's tools of all sorts ground 
and polished; taylors, glovers, and all other shears; 
Choping knives, saddlers, shoe-makers and butcher 
knives; fleams, razors, scissars, pen knives, (and any 



202 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

other things to tedious to mention) ground and finished 
in a neat manner. 

N.B. Said Sause, returns thanks to the Publick for 
their favours, and hopes by his care and assiduity for a 
continuance of the same. — The New-York Gazette, April 
6-13, 1767. 

John Sculthorpe. — Whereas John Sculthorpe, 
Peruke-maker, near the Fly Market, has, for several 
Years past, carried on the above said Branch, and Cutlery 
grinding, and intends now to decline one of them, as he 
cannot attend them with such Dispatch he would chuse. 
He therefore informs any Persons of either of the said 
Business, that they may enter into a good accustomed 
Shop, by applying to him, who will agree for the same 
on reasonable Terms. 

N.B. As due Attendance cannot be given to both, he 
hopes to serve his Customers, in the continued one of 
Peruke-making, in a more regular and expeditious Man- 
ner. To be entered into on May Next. — The New-York 
Gazette, January 28, 1760. 

Nicholas Vandyok, Cutler, Living on the Dock near 
the Ferry-Stairs in New- York. Grinds Razors, Scissars, 
Pen-knives, Lancets and all sorts of Instruments, after 
the best Manner with Expedition: He also grinds 
Fuller's Sheers, approved to be well done by Mr. Gale: 
Likewise makes or mends Bellowses for Goldsmith or 
Blacksmiths, after the newest Model. He makes and 
sells Brass Buckles, wholesale or retail, as also Brass 
Boxes for Mill Brushes, with sundry other Things in the 
Brass Foundry Way, all expeditiously, and at reasonable 
Rates. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, October 5, 1747. 

John Wallace, who lately lived by the Old Slip Mar- 
ket, is Removed to the Sign of the Cross-Swords, next 
Door to Mrs. Byfield, near the Fly-Market, who makes, 
mends and grinds all sorts of Knives, Razors, Scizers, and 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 203 

Pen-knives. Surgeons may be supplyed with very good 
Lancets and other Surgeons instruments. Gentlemen 
may be furnish'd with all sorts of Kitchin Furniture that 
belongs to a Smiths Trade. Barbers may have their 
Razors ground for four Pence a Piece. He puts up and 
mends all sorts of Jacks, Makes Multiplying Wheels for 
Jacks. He mends Locks and makes Keys, and Stillards 
also. He also sells all sorts of Cuttlery-Ware. And all 
at Reasonable Rates. — The New-York Gazette, June 12- 
20, 1737. 

Whitesmiths 

John Abeel. — Anchors, From two hundred to seven 
hundred two quarters made of the very best bar iron, 
by the best anchor-smith in America equal if not superior 
in Quality to any made in Europe, to be sold by John 
Abeel, near the Coenties-Market, who can supply any 
Gentleman on a short notice with Anchors from 1000 
to 1500 Weight— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, July 18, 1768 {Supplement). 

Robert Andrews, Air-Jack-Maker from England, liv- 
ing on the Hill commonly called Pot-Baker's Hill, next 
door to Mr. Roorbach's. Makes and mends all sorts of 
Jacks : Also makes scale-Beams, or hangs Bells in Gentle- 
men's Houses; and all sorts of White-Smith's work after 
the best Manner. The Air-Jacks are of great Service to 
Chimnies that don't draw the smoke well; several has 
been already prov'd in this City. Any Gentlemen or 
Ladies that will be pleased to favour him with their Cus- 
tom, may depend upon being faithfully serv'd, by their 
Humble Servant, Robert Andrews. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Post-Boy, May 7, 1753. 

Robert Andrews, White-Smith and Jack-Maker, in 
Wall-street, near Mr. Christopher Bancker's, Makes and 
sells, Iron Pales for Ashes, at 24 s. Tests for Stoves, at 
2 s. Also Iron Scale Beams, and all other Sorts of 



204 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Smith's Work, at a reasonable Rate. — The New-York 
Mercury, November 6, 1758. 

Elias Bonnell & Robert Farris, in Wall-street, in 
the shop that Mr. Robert Andrews lately kept, next Door 
to Mr. Banker's, Makes, and sells smoak Jacks, in the 
best manner, with Care and Expedition ; As also all sorts 
of White Work, together with ship and shop stoves; 
Ash-Pails; Stove Tests; horse shoeing, and Farriery; 
with all sorts of House Work; and Edge Tools done in 
the best manner, by Elias Bonnel, and Robert Farris. 
—The New-York Gazette, June 23, 1760. 

John Burch, Tin-Plate Worker and Japanner, from 
London, Has removed from the Fly, to the house in 
Hanover-Square lately occupied by Mr. Lloyd Daubney, 
and opposite Mr. Gaine's printing-ofl5ce, where he carries 
on both branches in the most extensive manner. He has 
by him a large collection of tin ware of all kinds, both 
plain and japan'd, which he will sell as cheap as they can 
be bought in London. Those who buy to sell again will 
have a large allowance made them. As several parts of 
his business are entirely new in this country, he hopes 
for such encouragement as will induce him to continue 
them. 

N.B. Many block-tin articles for kitchen use, war- 
ranted to stand the fire, and not have any pernicious 
quality, as many other metals have. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 3, 1773. 

John Balthtjs Dash, Tinman, from Germany; At his 
house near the Oswego Market, makes the best of French 
Horns, Philadelphia Buttons and Shoe Buckles, and will 
sell them very reasonably by wholesale or retail. — The 
New-York Mercury, March 18, 1765. 

John Dies, of this City, Iron-Monger, intends, next 
May, to decline that Business: . . . N.B. Isaac Goelet 
and Peter Curtenius, in Partnership, intends to carry on 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 205 

the same Sort of Business, in the same House, at the 
Golden-Key, in Hanover-Square. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post^Boy, February 4, 1754. 

Nicholas Goddard. — Run Away . . . from William 
Puntiner ... an English servant man, named Nicholas 
Goddard, by trade a tinman. . . . — The New-York 
Gazette, January 14, 1760. 

John Graham, Tinman, Informs his friends and cus- 
tomers, that he is removed from the house where Mr. 
Baltus Dash formerly lived to the next Door but one 
where Mr. Whiteman used to live, in the Broad-Way, 
near the lower end of the Oswego market, where he 
makes and mends all kinds of tin work as usual; he also 
does all kinds of copper-smith's and braziers work, and 
makes brass buckles, tins copper and brass in the best 
manner. All those that will favour him with their cus- 
tom, will be served at the most reasonable rates, By 
their humble Servant, John Graham. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 23, 1770. 

Samuel Kempton. — This is to acquaint the Publick, 
That Samuel Kempton, his Shop on Hunter's-Quay, near 
the Coffee-House : Makes and sells all Sorts of Tin-Ware, 
fit for Shipping, or the Army: Any Gentlemen that 
please to favour him with their Custom, may depend 
upon being Expeditiously and Reasonably served, by 
their humble Servant, Samuel Kempton. — The New- 
York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, October 30, 1758. 

William Richardson, Lock Smith and Bell Hanger 
from the City of London. Makes all sorts of Iron- Work, 
scrole-works. Leafage or Foldage, all sorts of Doctors 
Instruments Capital or Pocket, Spring Trusses, Bag 
Trusses or Spring Bandages for Ruptures, all sorts of 
Jacks made and fixed Horisantical or Vertical, likewise 
makes secret Padlocks for secret Places, or Spanish ditto. 
Any Person may be supplyed at the cheapest Rate, at his 



206 THE ARTS AND CRAPTS IN NEW YORK 

House in the Broad- Way, New- York. — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, May 22, 1749. 

RiGGS & Hadden. — Wanted, A Person that under- 
stands the naihng business in its different branches, or 
has been employed in that manufactory. Such a person 
bringing proper recommendations, will meet with good 
encouragement, by applying to Joseph Riggs, Esq; or 
Joseph Hadden, in Newark, New-Jersey, who are entring 
largely into that business. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, April 11, 1768 (Supplement). 

Seager & Smith. — Whereas John Seager and Samuel 
Smith, Nail-Makers, of this City declared off Partnership 
the 10th Instant; and John Seager only, now carries on 
the Business as usual, on Mr. Brazier's Wharf, near the 
Ship-Yards, where all his old Customers may be suppHed 
as formerly; assuring them and all others, they shall be 
served to the utmost Satisfaction of their humble Ser- 
vant, John Seager. 

N.B. It is desired that none of the Debtors to the 
Partnership will pay any Money to the said Samuel 
Smith.— The New-York Gazette, January 12-19, 1767. 

Tin-men wanted. Very good encouragement will be 
given to fifteen or twenty persons, who understand the 
working of flat-iron into kettles, if they apply to Samuel 
Ogden, at Boonetown, in Morris County, New Jersey; 
who hath rod and sheet iron of all sizes to dispose of. 
Apply to Josiah Shippey, at Mr. Isaac Roosevelt's, New- 
York. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
August 12, 1776. 

Tin Plate Worker will have constant Employ & good 
Wages by applying to Smith at the Corner of Burling's 
Slip, in Queen's Street. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, December 9, 1776. 

Henry Ustick. — Nails, Made and sold by Henry 
Ustick, At his Nailery in Smith-Street, on Pot-baker's- 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 207 

Hill, near Judge Horsmanden's, Four-penny, 10, 12, 20, 
24, and 30 d. Nails; sheathing, drawing. Jack and sugar 
cask nails; and spikes of all sorts, coppers rivets, &c. by 
the cask or lesser quantity. Orders for any sort of nails 
compUed with on the shortest notice. . . . — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, February 17, 
1772. 

Journeymen Nail-makers, Are wanted immediately. 
— Such, properly qualified, will meet with good Encour- 
agement, by applying to William Ustick, at the Sign of 
the Lock and Key, between Burling's and Beekman's 
slip, in New- York. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, September 12, 1768. 

Iron Works 

American Company's Iron Works, Notice is hereby 
given, to all those indebted to the American Company, 
by bond, note, book debt, or otherwise, at Ringwood, 
Long pond, and Charlotteburg works, or elsewhere, that 
Robert Erskine, the present manager, the company's 
agent in New York, or such person or persons as he or 
they shall appoint, are alone authorized to receive debts 
due to the company, and to give proper discharges for 
the same. Whoever therefore shall pay any debt or 
balance to any other person, will undoubtedly, be again 
sued for the same by Robert Erskine.^ — The New-York 
Journal or the Grand Advertiser, April 1, 1773. 

Andover Pig-Metal, To be sold by the subcriber, at 
Ehzabeth-Town. Gentlemen in New- York may be sup- 
plied with any quantity, on giving the shortest notice to 
John Blanchard. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, January 18, 1773. 

*The American Company Iron Works of New-Jersey authorized 
Reade and Yates as well as Robert Erskine to be agents. — The Neiv- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, September 28, 1772. 



208 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Charloiteburg Furnace. — Ore Carters for Charlotte- 
burg Furnace. Notice is hereby given to those who 
usually carted ore from Hibernia mine to the above 
furnace, or others, that those who choose to commence 
carting on or before the 10th of October next, and who 
shall deliver a quantity not less than three tons a week, 
till it amounts to 30 tons, shall be paid as formerly, 10 s. 
6d. New- York Money per ton; and for their further 
encouragement, they shall have the same price in sleigh- 
ing time. Those who begin carting after the 10th of 
October, will receive 10 s. per ton, and if the quantity 
carted amounts to 20 tons, they shall receive 9s. per ton 
in sleighing time. 

N.B. None except those who cart at the above rates, 
shall have the privilege to sleigh at the foregoing prices ; 
all others who only sleigh, are desired to remember that 
no more than 8s. per ton will be given in sleighing time. 
If through unavoidable misfortune, the carters shall fall 
short of their stipulated quantity, they may depend on 
all reasonable indulgence from the manager. Robert 
Erskine. — The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, September 17, 1772. 

Etna Furnace. — At Etna Furnace, in the County of 
Burhngton, New- Jersey: Founders who can execute the 
moulding and casting of flasked and unflasked or open 
Iron ware, both hollow and flat, with neatness and Expe- 
dition : Any Person who can make Brass or mixed Metal 
Moulds for castings, and any Workman who well under- 
stands the making of such Moulds as are made of Wood 
and of Flasks, and can produce good Characters, may 
meet with extraordinary Encouragement. It is expected 
that the Mould should be finished with great Skill and 
Accuracy, and may be made at the Workman's place of 
Abode, if in this or the neighbouring Provinces . . . 
Good ColHers, Keepers and Stocktakers are wanted at 
two Furnaces and two Forges there lately erected. . . . — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, January 
25, 1768. 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 209 

Forge. — Two thirds of a good Forge or Ironworks, with 
Hammers Anvils, Bellows, running Gear, &c. in good 
Order, and a new Grist-Mill, having one pair of Stones, 
and a Boulting-Mill, commodiously situated on Black- 
Creek, one half Mile from Borden-Town, . . . N.B. The 
Purchaser may buy the other third Part of the said 
Works upon reasonable Terms of William Yard, and the 
payment may be on the same conditions as above. He 
also may buy a parcel of Coal Wood already set in Pits 
to make Coal, so that he may soon begin to go to work. — 
The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, July 18, 1748. 

Forge. — To be Sold, or Let, for a Term, The Moiety, 
or one Half of a Forge for making Bar Iron, &c. with 
Carriages, Privileges of Land and Water, Houses, Coals 
Sheds, with the Appurtenances, situated at a place called 
Murders Creek, on the West Side of Hudson River, at 
the North Side of the High Lands, where the same Creek 
empties into the Hudson's River. Any Person inclining 
to purchase the same may apply to John Alsop, in Han- 
over Square in the City of New- York, and agree upon 
reasonable Terms, and receive a good Title. John 
Alsop.— r/ie New-York Gazette, May 28, 1759. 

Forge and Hammer Men. — Thirteen of the best Ham- 
mer-men and Forge-men in the Iron Manufactory have 
been engaged to come from Sheffield to America, for 
which a handsome premium is given them; and great 
wages for two years certain, and six shillings a week to 
each of their wives and famihes as stay behind for that 
time. They have also given one hundred guineas for 
each of the best Saw-makers, and the same money for 
their wives that stay. (If provisions are kept up at the 
rate they at, the Americans will soon have hands enough 
to carry on the manufactories, without giving premiums. 
— News item from London, July 13, in The New-York 
Journal or General Advertiser, October 8, 1767. 

Forest of Dean Furnace. — To be Sold, A Lease, of 
which seven years are unexpired, from the 26th Septem- 



210 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

ber next, of Forest of Dean Furnace, together with all 
the appurtenances and stock necessary to the well con- 
ducting thereof, situated in the Highlands of New- York. 
. . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
April 9, 1770. 

Furnace. — To be sold, a new well-built furnace, good 
iron mines near the same, two forges, one with 3, and the 
other with 2 fires; a saw mill, several dwelling-houses 
and coal-houses, and several tracts of land adjoining; 
. . . The furnace and forges are situated on a good 
stream, 28 miles from Acquackanung landing, and 36 
from Newark. Whoever inclines to purchase the same, 
may apply to Nicholas Gouverneur, in New- York, or to 
David Ogden, sen. Samuel Gouverneur, and David 
Ogden, jun. at Newark, who will agree for the same. — 
The New-York Mercury, March 5, 1764. 

Furnace. — The Blast Furnace, with the coal houses 
and other appurtenances at Bloomingdale, near Pomp- 
ton, late the property of John and Uzal Ogden, Esquires, 
will be sold at public vendue at the Coffee-House in the 
city of New- York. . . . — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, June 22, 1772. 

William Havtxhurst. — William Hawxhurst, has 
lately erected a finery and great Hammer, for refining 
Sterling Pig Iron into Bar and takes this Method to 
acquaint his old Customers, and others that they may 
by applying to him in New- York, be supplyed with flat 
and square Bar Iron, Cart, Waggon, Chair, and Sleigh 
Tire-Mill Spindles; Wrines Cranks, and Iron Axletrees, 
Cast Mill Rounds, and Gudgeons. He continues to make 
Anchors as usual. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, October 2, 1766. 

HiBERNiA Pig Iron (which is found to make as good 
Bar Iron as any in America) Plates for Chimney-Backs, 
Cart and Waggon-Boxes, West-India Bars, for Sugar 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 211 

Works, &c. to be sold by Gerard Bancker. — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, June 11, 1767. 

HiBERNiA Furnace, Morris-County, New-Jersey, The 
late Hibernia Company at this place is dissolved, and the 
works are now carried on for account of the Right Hon- 
ourable the Earl of Sterling, the present sole proprietor 
thereof. A number of wood-cutters are now wanted at 
these works, also some good miners. A plentiful supply 
of all kinds of necessaries for the workmen, is now laid 
in, and will constantly be kept up. Three shillings per 
cord will be allowed for wood-cutting : Whoever incHnes 
to work at this place, may depend on meeting with civil 
treatment, honest dealing, and punctual pay, from 
Joseph Hoff, Manager. — Rivington's New-York Gazet- 
teer, February 3, 1774. 

Hibernia Furnace. — Wanted immediately, At the 
Hibernia Furnace, in Morris-County, New-Jersey, be- 
longing to Messrs. Robert and John Murray, of New- 
York, a Number of Wood Cutters. Two Shillings and 
Nine-Pence per Cord will be given, and the Balance paid 
as soon as the Quantity agreed for is completed, by the 
subscriber living at the Works. Joseph Hoff. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 1776. 

Iron Manufacture. — An Easie Way to get Money 
and be Rich, Just Published, A Scheme by striking 
Twenty Thousand Pounds Paper Money) to encourage 
the raising of Hemp, and the Manufacturing of Iron in 
the Province of New- York, with some Observations, 
shewing the Necessity and Advantages thereof. Sold by 
the Printer hereof. Price 6d. — The New-York Gazette, 
March 15-22, 1737. 

Lead Mine. — As we have but little material Intelli- 
gence to present our Readers with this Week ; we hope it 
will not be disagreeable, to inform them, that we have 
been credibly assured that a valuable lead Mine was 



212 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

lately discovered in Dutchess County, in this Province; 
and that some of the Ore having been tried, yielded in 
the Proportion of three Quarters of a Pound of fine Lead, 
to a Pound of Ore : 'Tis said, it Hes in great Quantities 
near the surface of the Earth, and that the Owners of 
the Land are resolved to set about the improving it with 
all possible Dihgence; so we hope it may turn out to 
their, as well as the Country's Advantage. — News item in 
The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
March 26, 1750. 

Livingston's Forge. — To be Sold by Robert Liv- 
ingston, junr. A Parcel of choice Pigg Iron, at Eight 
Pound per Tun. Ready Money, or Rum, Sugar, 
Molasses at Market Price. N.B. It's Manufactur'd, at 
Ancram in Manner of Livingston. — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, April 2, 1744. 

Livingston's Forge. — Wanted, at Robert Livingston's 
Junr. new Forge in Mannor Livingston, which will be 
ready in three Weeks Time; Three good Refiners, to 
make bar-iron, with each a good hand to work with 
them: Stock will never be wanting. Good encourage- 
ment will be given for refining and drawing bar-iron, 
with good accomodations. For further particulars, en- 
quire of Peter R. Livingston, Merchant in New- York or 
Robert Livingston Junr. at his seat in said Mannor. — The 
New-York Mercury, October 27, 1760. 

Mount Holly. — To be sold by the Subscriber, the Iron- 
works known by the Name of Mount Holly Iron- Works, 
Viz. One Forge or Finery, with three Fire Places, and 
three Pair of Bellows, and all the Utensils thereunto be- 
longing : Also one other Forge or Chaf ery, with one Fire 
Place, and one Pair of Bellows, with all the Utensils 
belonging to it, built for the Conveniency of the hammer 
Man, where he meets with no Interruption from the 
Finers, both built upon the main Branch of Ranchocus 
Creek; Water Carriage from the Forges to Philadelphia; 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 213 

. . . Any Person inclinable to purchase, and will come 
and view the Premises, may be informed of the Price, 
and the Incumberances upon it, by Peter Bard. — The 
New-York Mercury, November 7, 1763. 

Mount Hope, pig and bar iron, of as good a quality as 
any made in America, to be sold by Mr. Nicholas Hoff- 
man, in New- York, Mr. John Blanchard, at Elizabeth 
Town, or by Messrs. Faish and Wrisberg, the proprietors, 
at Mount Hope, in New-Jersey, where particular drafts 
of iron will be drawn on the shortest notice, and exe- 
cuted in the neatest and best manner. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 5, 1773. 

New Forest Pig Iron. — The best of New Forrest Pig 
Iron, by the Ton, ... To be sold, by John Abeel. — The 
New-York Mercury, December 17, 1764. 

New- York Air Furnace. — Gilbert Forbes, At the Sign 
of the Broad-Ax . . . sells Ironmongery, Cutlary, Sad- 
lery, and Brass Furniture of all Sorts, Pots and Kettles, 
cast at the New- York Air Furnace, which are very thin 
and light, not inferior to the Holland, for Use or standing 
the Fire. Also, Iron Sauce Pans, Cart, Waggon, and 
Chair Boxes, Pot-Ash Kettles and Coolers, Chimney- 
backs and Plates of any Size; and many other Things 
in that Way. — The New-York Gazette, January 12-19, 
1767. 

New- York Air Furnace. — To the Public, The New- 
York Air Furnace Company, Have lately erected an Air 
Furnace near the City, which after a considerable Ex- 
pence, they have now got in proper Order, for Casting 
in the neatest Manner, the under mentioned Goods, 
which are equal to any imported from England, Scotland, 
Ireland, or even Holland, either for Shape, Lightness, 
boihng white, or standing Fire: They therefore hope 
the Publick will encourage the Works, by giving the 
Preference to what is American Make, especially when 



214 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

the Price is full as low as any can be afforded for, that 
are imported from Europe, viz. Pots, Kettles, skillets, 
pot-ash kettles, and bottoms for calcining pot-ash, 
which they will warrant for three months, chim- 
ney backs, layers and jamb-plates, agreeable to any 
pattern that shall be sent, forge and fullers plates, 
hatters basons, forge hammers and anvils, sugar house 
boilers, stoves, pipes and grates, round and square stoves 
for work shops or house-use, ships cabooses, perpetual 
ovens, pye-pans, . . . — The New-York Gazette, August 
17-24, 1767. 

New- York Air Furnace. — Peter T. Curtenius, At the 
Sign of the Golden Anvil and Hammer, . . . has also 
for Sale the following Goods, made at the New- York Air 
Furnace, viz. Best Pot-Ash Kettles and Coolers, 
Hearths, Bars and Doors for Pot- Ash Works, Forge Ham- 
mers and Anvils, Chimney Backs, Bottoms and Jamb 
Plates, Ship's Cabooses, Cart, Waggon, and Chair Boxes, 
Pots and Kettles, Pye-pans, Sugar-Boilers, Rollers and 
Gudgeons, Large Screws and Nuts for Spermactic Works, 
Fullers Screws and Plates ; besides many other articles in 
the cast Iron Way : And if Persons want any new Article 
done in that Way, they may have it cast to any Pattern 
they shall leave at the Furnace, or at my House. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, February 
4, 1771. 

New- York Air Furnace. — Between 12 and 1 o'Clock 
last Friday Morning, a Fire broke out at the Air Furnace 
belonging to Messrs Sharp and Curtenius, in the West 
Ward of this City; Its Situation being pretty remote 
from the Town, and a Wooden Building, the same was 
almost consumed before the Inhabitants could be col- 
lected, notwithstanding which every Measure was pur- 
sued for the Preservation of the Materials belonging to 
the Furnace; though the loss 'tis said will amount to, 
at least 400£. — News item in The New-York Journal or 
the General Advertiser, November 26, 1772. 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 215 

New- York Air Furnace. — To the Public, Sharpe, 
Curtenius, and Lyle, Have rebuilt (at a considerable 
Expense) The New- York Air Furnace, In a much com- 
pleter Manner than before it was burnt down; and as 
they provided themselves with a sufficient Stock of Pig- 
Metal, &c. they propose to carry on the Foundery Busi- 
ness in all its Branches with great Diligence, and flatter 
themselves that the Friends of America will encourage 
them, by preferring Goods manufactured in their own 
Country, especially when they are as good, and sold as 
cheap as they can be imported from Europe. . . . — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, April 12, 
1773. 

Noble & Townsend's Forge. — A forge with Six Fires, 
to be built near Sterling, for Mess'rs Noble and Townsend, 
who will give Great Encouragement to any person that 
will erect and compleat the same. Anyone that inclines 
to undertake it, must give in their proposals before the 
25th of January, as immediately after that, it is intended 
to set about cutting and drawing the timber. As the 
roughness of the country makes it necessary to collect 
the timber while the snow is on the ground, the person 
that applies ought to be strong handed. For further 
particulars apply to William Hawxhurst in New- York. 

N. B. Good encouragement will be given to those who 
understand making steel from Pig metal, in the German 
method, as the above Forge is designed to be employed 
in that business. — The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, December 28, 1775. 

North Carolina Forge. — Any persons that are well 
acquainted with the method of casting cannon, mortars, 
shells and shot, and also the common sorts of hollow 
ware, such as pots, kettles, &c. and are willing to go to 
North-Carolina, may have extraordinary encouragement, 
by applying to the Delegates of that state, in Phila- 
delphia. The Expences of their removal will be defrayed 
by that state, and it is not doubted but such persons as 



216 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

may undertake to go will find it very easy to procure 
good land for themselves and families, as there are many 
thousand acres of vacant land convenient to the works. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
September 28, 1776. 

Samuel Ogden's Iron Works. — Samuel Ogden, 
Manufactures in the best manner, at his works in Boone- 
ton; bar iron for rudders, grist-mills; share moulds, large 
and small, square and flat iron of all sizes; and also cart, 
and waggon and chair tire: Which he will deliver at 
New York on the most reasonable terms, drawn agree- 
able to any given directions, immediately after applica- 
tion made there fore, to him at said works, or to Mr. 
Nicholas Hoffman merchant, in New- York. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, December 21, 
1772. 

Principio Iron Works. — Run away the 15th of this 
instant August, 1728, from Stephen Onion, & Company, 
of Principio Iron-Works in Csecil County in the Province 
of Maryland, two Servant Men. . . . — The New-York 
Gazette, August 19-26, 1728. 

RiNGwooD Iron Works. — ^Wanted, at Ringwood Iron- 
Works, in the Jersies, Sober Men, that understand 
driving a Horse Team, any such, of good character, will 
meet with Employment, in that way, by applying as 
above. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, September 12, 1768. 

Salisbury Furnace. — To be Sold, At Salisbury Fur- 
nace, in Connecticut, For Cash, or Produce in Hand: 
A Pair of Hessian, or Wooden Furnace Bellows, . . . 
N.B. The Furnace at Salisbury, is now re-building, and 
will require larger Bellows than the above, which is the 
sole Reason of their being offered to Sale. — The New- 
York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, July 2, 1770. 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 217 

Salisbury Furnace. — To be Sold, and possession 
given in February next, or sooner, if required. The 
Furnace Situated in the town of Sahsbury, and province 
of Connecticut in New-England, having been lately 
rebuilt on the most approved plan. . . . Also to be Sold 
a Compleat double Forge With four fires and two ham- 
mers (now at work) together with all necessary utensils; 
situated in Colebrook, in Connecticut, near the road from 
Hartford to the furnace; built in 1771. . . . — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, November 29, 
1773. 

Steel. — American Steel, Manufactured by John Zane, 
at Trentown, esteem'd quite equal, if not better in 
quality than what is imported from England, may be had 
of Bowne and Rickman, at their store in the house of 
Peter Clopper, facing the Fly-market, on reasonable 
terms, in half faggots, or blister'd, by Ct. wt. 

N.B. If on tryal any bar proves faulty, it will be 
received back, and the money return'd. They have an 
assortment of Dry Goods as usual. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, June 8, 1772. 

Sterling Iron Works. — Good Encouragement given 
by Hawxhurst and Noble, at Sterling Iron Works, for 
Wood-cutters, Colliers, Refiners of Pig and Drawers of 
Bar Iron. Also a Person well recommended for driving 
a four Horse Stage, between the said Works and the 
Landing. N.B. Pig and Bar Iron, and sundry English 
Goods to be Sold by William Hawxhurst in New- York. — 
The New-York Mercury, October 29, 1759. 

Sterling Iron Works. — Whereas the Copartnership, 
between Hawxliurst and Noble, in the Sterhng Iron 
Works, expired on the 19th Day of October last; aU Per- 
sons who have any Demands on the said Copartnership, 
are desired to bring in their Accounts to said Hawxhurst, 
at New- York, to receive Satisfaction. The Works are 
still carried on by said Hawxhurst, and the best Encour- 



218 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

agement given for a Founder, Smith, Anchor Smiths, 
Miners, Carpenters, Colhers, Wood Cutters, Carters, and 
common Labourers: They will be paid ready Cash for 
their Labour, and be supplied with Provisions there upon 
the best Terms. . . . — The New-York Mercury, Septem- 
ber 28, 1761. 

Sterling Iron Works. — W. Hawxhurst, Still carries 
on the Sterling iron works, and gives the best encourage- 
ment for founders, miners, mine burners, pounders, and 
furnace fillers, bank's-men, and stock takers, finers of 
pigg, and drawers of bar ; smiths, and anchor smiths, car- 
penters, colliers, woodcutters, and common labourers; 
They will be paid ready cash for their labour, and will 
be supplied with provisions there, upon the best terms. 
. . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Post-Boy, 
Supplement for November 3, 1763, dated November 4, 
1763. 

The Sterling Anchory Which was burnt down in 
May, 1767, is rebuilt, and carried on by Noble and 
Townsend; all Gentlemen, Merchants, and others, that 
will be kind enough to apply to William Hawxhurst, in 
New- York, may be supplied with Anchors warranted for 
a Year, made out of refin'd Iron wrought from the 
Sterhng Pigs. . . . — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, April 17, 1769. 

Tanton Forge. — A New Forge or Bloomery, called 
Tanton, is now finished on a Stream never failing nor 
subject to Back- Water or hasty Freshes, about sixteen 
Miles from Burhngton, and the same Distance from 
Philadelphia, in a Country remarkably healthy, and has 
a good Stock of Coal housed. 

Good sober Workmen are wanted to carry her on, and 
extraordinary Encouragement wiU be given to One who 
will have a more general Oversight, and shall come well 
recommended, with or without a Family. 

Good Master Colhers to Coal by the Load, bringing 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 219 

Kecommendations with them, will be encouraged at 
Tanton and Atsion Forges, which are near to each other, 
and where the Business of CoaUng has every Con- 
venience possible. Wood Cutters are also wanted. For 
further Particulars, enquire of Charles Read, Esq; at 
Burhngton. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Post-Boy, December 25, 1766. 

Union Iron Works. — To be sold, two tracts of land, 
one of 750 acres, part in the county of Hunterdon, and 
part in the county of Morris, divided by a run called 
Spruce-Run (which run turns the Union-Iron-Works) 
is about 8 miles from said works, about the same distance 
from Johnson's furnace, and about 12 miles from Robin- 
son's works. . . . — The New-York Mercury, August 22, 
1757. 

Vesuvius Furnace, at Newark, in New- Jersey; A 
Single Man, well recommended, who understand mould- 
ing and casting of Iron Hollow Ware, in all its branches, 
may hear of good Encouragement, by applying to Mr. 
James Abeel, Merchant, in New- York, or to Moses 
Ogden, at said Furnace. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, March 28, 1768. 

Vesuvius Furnace. — To Be Sold, By James Abeel, 
Near the Albany-Pier; Hollow- Ware of all kinds, made 
at Vesuvius Furnace, at New-Jersey, and allowed by the 
best Judges to be far preferable to any made in America. 
Likewise Old West-India and N. York Rum, and best 
Muscovado Sugar by the Hogshead. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 4, 1768. 

Vesuvius Furnace. — Wanted immediately. At Vesu- 
vius Air-Furnace, at Newark, East New-Jersey, two 
Persons who understand molding or Hollow Ware in 
Sand; such will meet with good Encouragement, by 
applying to Edward Laight and James Abeel, in New- 
York, or to Moses Ogden, at the said Furnace. — The 



220 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, March 12, 
1770. 

Vesuvius Furnace. — At Laight & Ogden's Air- 
Furnace, Are made Iron Castings of every Kind, equal 
in Quality to any imported from Europe. They now 
have for Sale at the Store of Edward and Wm. Laight, 
Pot- Ash kettles, coolers, cauldrons of forty gallons; iron 
pots and kettles from 28 to 1 gallon, hghter than Holland 
or English : iron stoves of various sizes ; plates for chim- 
ney backs and jambs; iron sash weights, by the use of 
which instead of lead, every purchaser saves two-pence 
per lb. ox-cart and waggon boxes; iron tea kettles and 
pye pans ; griddles, swivel guns, &c. &c. 

Any, or every of the above enumerated articles are 
made at the shortest notice, agreeable to any pattern or 
dimensions, to be left at Mr. Moses Ogden's, at the 
furnace in Newark, or at the aforesaid store of Edw. and 
Wm. Laight, near Burling's-Slip, New- York, where may 
be had as usual on the lowest terms a universal Assort- 
ment of Ironmongery and Cutlery, Also Indigo, Oil & 
Blubber, &c. — Rivington's New-York Gazette, November 
18, 1773. 

Metal Work 

Ironmongery. — Choice Bohea Tea, also Sheathing 
Duck Nails, and Spikes, and all Sorts of best London 
Nails, Long Scythes, Sides, Dutch Scythes, Spades, Shod, 
Shovels, Iron Hoops, best London Steel long and short 
Handle Frying Pans, Anvils, and Vices, also Anchors and 
small Swivell Guns. And several other sorts of Iron 
Ware to be Sold by Jacob Franks. — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, April 23, 1739. 

Brass Knockers. — Whereas some low-Uv'd People 
have, on Saturday the 3d Instant, at Night, broken off 
and stolen the Brass Knockers of several Doors of Gentle- 
men's Houses, in this City: which vile and infamous 
Practice hath, for some Years past, been frequently 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 221 

repeated, not only to the Loss of the particular Persons 
suffering by such mean Practices, but also to the fre- 
quent Disturbance and Alarm of the Neighbourhood, 
wherein the said Villany has from time to time been 
perpetrated. This is therefore to give Notice, That if 
any Person or Persons shall discover the said Criminal 
or Criminals, to the Printer hereof, within Ten Days 
after this Date, and support his or their Accusation or 
Information, by Proof sufficient to convict the said 
Criminal or Criminals, in a Court of Justice; he or they 
so discovering shall be intituled to the Sum of Sixty 
Pounds, current Money of this Province, from the Per- 
sons whose Names are herewith given to the said Printer, 
subscribed to a Paper, whereby they bind themselves to 
pay the said Reward to such Informer or Informers; 
which Paper the said Printer will be ready to show the 
Person or persons so informing as aforesaid. — The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, March 
12, 1750. 

Bell. — To be Sold by John Dyer of the City of New- 
York, a very good Bell, of a very good Size and Sound, 
fit for any Country Church or Court-house, &c. being 
about 120 lb. Weight, and will be sold very Reasonable. 
Any Person inclined to purchase the said Bell may apply 
to the above said John Dyer, and agree on reasonable 
Terms, or to the Printer hereof. — The New-York Gazette, 
May 14-21, 1733. 

Copper. — A very good Copper that hold 120 Gallons, 
being very strong and fit for any Use, to be Sold by John 
Dyer of the City, very Reasonable. — The New-York 
Gazette, September 10-17, 1733. 

Metal Ware. — Lately imported, and to be sold very 
cheap, by Lodowick Bamper, at his House, in Beekman 
Street: A choice Assortment of Copper Tea Kettles, and 
Pye-Pans, Brass Candlesticks and Chafing-Dishes. . . . 



222 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

— The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post- 
Boy, May 27, 1751. 

Chimney Back. — Lately Stole out of a House rebuild- 
ing in Bever-Street a small Iron Chimney-back, with 
the Figures of a Parrot in a Ring on it: Also a pretty 
large Iron Hearth-Plate, plain: If any Person can give 
Intelligence of them, so that the Thief may have Justice 
done him, or the Plate got again, they shall have twenty 
shiUings Reward, paid by the Printer hereof. — The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, July 
1, 1751. 

Ash Pails. — A Parcel of choice Iron Ash-Pails, proper 
for taking up hot Ashes from Hearths, to let them cool 
in; and are very useful as a Preservative against Fire; 
to be sold by Gerardus Beekman, opposite to the Fly 
Market. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, January 27, 1752. 

Iron Ware. — Just imported, and to be sold very cheap 
for Ready Money, By Rip Van Dam, at his Store near 
the New-Dutch Church ; A very good Assortment of Iron 
Ware, viz. Skillets, from one Pint to six Quarts, small 
French Lancaster Kettles, Iron Pots and Kettles by the 
Ton, Iron and Lead Weights from 1 Quarter to 56 lb. 
Iron Chimney Backs, Sash Weights, Cellar Window Bars, 
large and small Morters, Cart and Waggon Wheel Boxes, 
Iron Cyder Mills, and a Parcel of Iron Boilers of 50 
Gallons to be set in Brick ; also an Assortment of Cutlery, 
Snuff Boxes, Chalk Corks by the Gross, and single-refin'd 
Loaf Sugar, &c. — The New-York Mercury, August 31, 
1752. 

Tools. — Just imported in the last Vessels from Eng- 
land, and to be sold cheap by Joseph Hallet, . . . Long, 
midling, and short scythes, ivory, buck and horn handle 
knives and forks, cutteau, jack and pruning knives; large 
midling and small sides; mill cross cut and hand saws, 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 223 

ship carpenter's axes, adzes and mauls, blacksmith's 
vizes, sledges and hammers, screw plates of several sizes, 
long and short handle frying pans, locks and hinges of 
all sorts, dripping pans, pie pans and tea-kettles, very 
neat branched and brass candlesticks, a large assortment 
of files and rasps, house carpenter's broad axes, adzes and 
chisels, brass kettles bail'd and unbail'd, a good assort- 
ment of pewter, watches, glasses, keys, springs, seals and 
chains. 

N.B. Said Hallet sells refin'd and common iron pots, 
cart, waggon and chair boxes. — The New-York Mercury, 
June 8, 1761. 

Bar Iron. — To Be Sold, by Ludlow and Hoffman, in 
Bayard-Street, Refin'd Bar-Iron, Wholesale and Retail, 
stamped with the Letters D noted for its being of the 
best Quahty, and well drawn; where all Smiths and 
others, that have Occasion for particular Drafts of Iron, 
may apply, and depend on having them drawn in the 
best and most expeditious Manner, and most reasonable 
Terms. Good Beef, Pork, and a Parcel of oats, with an 
Assortment of Dry Goods. — The New-York Gazette, 
April 4, 1763. 

Hardware. — Peter Goelet, At the Sign of the Golden- 
Key, in Hanover-Square, sells Wholesale and Retail, the 
following Articles (Part of which is just imported per 
the William and Mary, from Bristol). All sorts of Ship 
and House-Carpenters Tools, Goldsmiths, Gunsmiths, 
Blacksmiths, Shoemakers, and Turners ditto. Brass & 
Iron Door Locks, Padlocks; Chest, Cupboard, Draw, 
Desks, Book-case, and Stock ditto: Hinges of all Sorts 
and Sizes; Brass Furniture for Desks and other Cabinet 
Work: a Variety of Cloak Pins; Glass Supports, all Sorts 
of Nails, Tacks and Brads, Pocket Pistols, neat Fowling 
Pieces, Gun-barrels and Locks, Chimney Hooks, Tongs 
and Shovels, Andirons, Garden Shears, Chafing-dishes, 
Scythes, and Sickles, Brass Cocks, Tea- Kettles, Crusibles 
and blue Melting Pots, Steel Plate MiU-Saws, Cross-cut 



224 THE AKTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Whip, and Frame ditto, Trace-Chain, Brass and Iron 
Knockers, . . .—The New-York Gazette, May 16, 1763 
(Supplement). 

Hardware. — Peter T. Curtenius, At the Sign of the 
Golden-Anvil and Hammer, opposite the Oswego- 
Market, has just imported for Sale in the Grace from 
Bristol, and in the other Vessels from Europe, Nails of 
all sizes, manufactured by the best makers in England; 
neat brass headed shovels and tongs, chamber and 
kitchen bellows, with all kinds of household furniture 
in the ironmongery way, locks and hinges of all sorts, 
together with all the necessaries for building ; carpenters, 
joiners blacksmiths, and shoemakers tools of all sorts, 
besides a great variety of other articles, the whole making 
out a compleat assortment of ironmongery, cutlery, and 
brazery ware. — The New-York Mercury, November 7, 
1763. 

Iron Ware. — It is computed the demands from New 
England for iron ware have this year sunk upwards of 
ten thousand pounds ; as the people of that province now 
fabricate the more common articles among themselves. 
— News item from London, October 19, 1764, in The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, January 3, 
1765 (Supplement). 

Metal Ware. — Henry Brevoort, At the sign of the 
Frying-Pan, in Queen's-street . . . will sell on the lowest 
terms, wholesale and retail; A Neat and general assort- 
ment of ironmongery viz. iron pots kettles skillets, dogs, 
and cart boxes, brass kettles, Dutch and English tea 
kettles, copper, brass, and iron chafing dishes, chamber 
and common bellows, brass and iron candlesticks, brass 
and steel snufifers and stands, Dutch and English chim- 
ney backs, sheet iron, hearth tiles, . . . — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, December 10, 1767. 

An Iron Chest, As good and safe, as almost any in 
the Province, with two Keys; to be sold cheap, the 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 225 

Owner having little Occasion for the same at present: 
It is three Feet long, 19 Inches deep, and 18 in Breadth. 
For further Information apply to H. Gaine. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 10, 1768 
(Supplement). 

Ironmongery. — John Morton, At his Store in Queen- 
Street, near the Fly-Market, Has for Sale, Forge Ham- 
mers of a superior quality, car and waggon boxes cast in 
flasks, backs for chimnies, cast iron dogs and stoves of 
different kinds; where forge-masters and ironmongers 
may be supplied with any quantity of those articles 
(warranted) on the most reasonable terms. . . . — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 
15, 1770. 

Mill Work.— To Be Sold, a Variety of Mill-Work, 
such as Cog Wheels, large and small, with and without 
Axle-trees; a different Assortment of Running-Geers for 
ditto, completely finished, with Iron Works, as Gudgeons, 
Bolts with Screws, Boxes and Hoops, &c. &c. may be 
made answerable for any kind of Mill Work, will be sold 
very reasonable: Inquire of the Printers. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Post-Boy, February 1, 
1773. 

Ironmongery and Cutlery. — Nicholas Carmer, Has 
for sale at his store at the sign of the cross hand- 
saws, at the lower end of Maiden-lane, and near the 
Fly-market; A Large and compleat assortment of iron- 
mongery and cutlery ware, which he will sell both 
wholesale and retail, on the most reasonable terms, viz. 
Mill, cross-cut, hand tenant and sash-saws; carpenters 
tools of all sorts, shoemakers do. blacksmith do. spades 
and shovels, tongs and shovels, and files of all sorts, 
locks and hinges of all sorts, brick and plaistering trowels, 
frying pans and grid-irons, copper and iron tea-kettles, 
chafing-dishes both square and round, brass cocks of all 
sorts, best White-chapel darning and common needles. 



226 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

large and small scale beams and steel-yards, paper and 
brass ink-stands, brass and iron candlesticks of all sorts, 
with very large single and double branch sconces, iron, 
gilt and brass knockers, best ivory, buck and common 
handle knives and forks, best pen knives and carving do. 
common and best temple spectacles, fine do. with spare 
glasses, brass and iron wire, best holland quills, . . . — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1774. 

Andirons. — Jacob Wilkins, At the sign of the Gold 
Andiron and Candlestick, . . . Has for Sale, A Large 
quantity of brass and iron andirons, of the newest pat- 
terns, and of different sorts of sizes, and a few dozen of 
tongs and shovels, and fenders to suit the andirons. 
Also plated shoe, knee, and stock buckles, and very neat 
japanned waiters. The subscriber makes mill brasses, 
and pump chambers; also branding irons, and sundry 
sorts of brass work, &c. . . . — The New-York Journal or 
the General Advertiser, August 11, 1774. 

Iron Untensils. — . . . Said [George] Ball has like- 
wise imported a large assortment of the useful and whole- 
some iron utensils, so much recommended by physicians 
for their safety, and so generally and justly prefered to 
copper, by all the house keepers in England, for two of 
the best reasons in the world, viz. That they are entirely 
free from that dangerous, poisonous property, from 
whence so many fatal accidents have been known to 
arise amongst those who use copper vessels, and because 
they never want tinning as copper vessels do. 

Tea kettles from three quarts to six. Four gallon pots 
with covers, to five quarts. Pie pans, two gallon oval pots, 
Stew pans and covers, of several different sizes, Fish 
kettles of six different sizes, with strainers, Sauce pans, 
from six quarts to one pint. For cabin use on board of 
shipping, they are far preferable to copper, as no danger 
(however careless the cook, or long the voyage) can pos- 
sibly happen from using them, as too often has through 



METAL WORKERS AND IRON WORKS 227 

those causes, from the use of copper. They are all 
wrought according to the most approved patterns now 
used in London, and will be sold very low. — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, August 3, 1775. 

Candlesticks. — Fifes and Sword knots to be had at 
the Printers's: Also Handsome Brass Candlesticks at 
22s. 18s. 6d and 16s. a pair. — Rivington's New-York 
Gazetteer, September 28, 1775. 

Refined Bar Iron, Directly from the Works, Sold by 
Robert Erskine, Near Whitehall Ferry Stairs, New- York. 
N.B. Orders, for Iron drawn to any Size, from three 
Quarters to three Inches square, and from one and an 
Half to five Inches flat, executed with Punctuality and 
Dispatch. Mill Irons, Rudder Irons, &c. drawn to Pat- 
terns. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
August 26, 1776. 



STONE CUTTERS 

Charles Bromfield. — Liverpool, 1770. Charles 
Bromfield, Begs leave to acquaint his Friends and the 
Public, That he is establish'd in the Marble Trade, on a 
very extensive Plan, having a Large and curious Assort- 
ment of all the different Kind that is produced in Italy, 
and the valuable Sorts of other Countries: Any Gentle- 
men who are pleased to apply to him, at his Yard in 
Williamson's Square, for any kind of manufactured 
Goods, may depend on having their Orders executed with 
the greatest Punctuality, in the neatest and cheapest 
Manner, having ready made a Variety of Chimney Pieces, 
Statues, Busts, Urns, Vases, Tables, Water Closet Cis- 
terns, Mortars, &c. &c. He makes Monuments, Fonts 
and Tombs. 

N.B. He also will supply the Inland Manufacturers 
with Marble in the Block, on as good Terms as from any 
other Part of this Kingdom. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, February 5, 1770. 

Thomas Brown, and Com. from London, Beg leave to 
inform the PubUck, that they have open'd a Marble 
Quarry, in this Government, little inferior to the Italian, 
out of which will be made Chimney Pieces, Marble 
Tables, Monuments, Tombs, Head Stones for Graves, &c. 
in the compleatest Manner, and on the most reasonable 
Terms: As we shall make it our constant Endeavour 
to oblige all such as shall favour us with their Custom, 
we flatter ourselves no one will be backward to incourage 
a Business, which in Time may prove a Benefit to this 
Country. Likewise the useful and necessary Arts of 
Drawing, and Architecture will be taught, in the most 
methodical Manner, in Water-Street, on the upper Side 

228 



STONE CUTTERS 229 

of Peck-Slip. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, August 30, 1764. 

Thomas Brown. — Italian, English, and Irish Marble 
for Chimney Pieces, &c. &c. To be sold as cheap as can 
be imported. By Thomas Brown, Marble Cutter, in 
Chapel-Street. Also Grave Stones and Jersey Stone 
Chimney Pieces, executed in the neatest Manner. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 26, 
1773. 

Anthony Dodane. — To the Pubhc, That Anthony 
Dodane, Marble Cutter, has Chimney Pieces both of 
Marble and Red Stone, that will serve for Jams and 
Hearth Pieces of all Kind. He also furnishes Slabs, and 
mends those that are broken, (provided they are not in 
too many Pieces) at a reasonable Price. He may be 
spoke with at his Shop, behind the Old English Church, 
on the Dock. Those who please to favour him with their 
Commands, shall have them punctually observed, by 
their humble Servant, Anthony Dodane. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 4, 1768. 

Anthony Dodane. — . . . Begs Leave to inform the 
Public, that he makes all Sorts of Chimney-Pieces in the 
most Elegant Manner, both of White and Vein'd, 
(Italian and American) Marble and Red Stone, he also 
cut Tomb and Head-stones. . . . — The New-York 
Chronicle, September 14-21, 1769. 

Anthony Engelbert. — Ran away the 30th of last 
Month, from Anthony Engelbert, of this city, Stone- 
Cutter, a High-Dutch Servant Man, . . . — The New- 
York Gazette, June 4-13, 1739. 

William Grant, from Boston, makes all sorts of 
Tomb-Stones, Head Stones, and other Kind of Stone, 
Cutter's Work; He may be spoken with at the House 
of Mr. John Welsh, Sexton of Trinity Church, in New- 
York. — The New-York Weekly Journal, October 6, 1740. 



230 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

William Grant and Samuel Hunterdon. — This is to 
give Notice to all Persons Whatsoever, That William 
Grant Stone-cutter, and Samuel Hunterdon, Quarrier of 
Newark lately arrived from England, carves and cuts 
all Manner of Stones in the neatest and most curious 
Fashions ever done in America. The said Grant is to be 
spoke with at Mr. Welsh's Sexton to Trinity Church, in 
New- York. — The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, Septem- 
ber 30, 1745. 

Robert Hartley, Stone-cutter from Kingston upon 
Hull, at Hunter's-Quay, near the merchant's coffee- 
house, New- York ; Acquaints the public that he executes 
stone work in general; and in the neatest and best man- 
ner, finishes all sorts of marble monuments, tombs, grave 
stones, head-stones, &c. makes and finishes in the newest 
and most genteel fashion, marble chimney pieces, and 
Bath stove grates. Also has brought with him for sale, 
a good assortment of Bath stoves of the newest patterns, 
marble slabs, marble for chimney pieces, neat marble 
mortars, and stone slabs for hearths and chimney pieces. 
Also sells and fixes new invented perpetual ovens, which 
are constructed upon such a plan as has not yet been 
known in this city, having a contrivance for heating 
smoothing irons, without any obstruction to the ovens 
baking. 

Any gentlemen who will favour him their orders, may 
depend upon the greatest dispatch in business, and of 
being served upon the most moderate terms. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, September 30, 
1771. 

George Hass, Stone Cutter, and Mason, Lately arrived 
in this City, Begs Leave to inform the Publick, that he 
has learn'd both the said Branches of Business in the best 
Manner; therefore, if any Gentlemen would please to 
favour him with Employment, in either of said Branches, 
they may depend on his rendering them entire Satisfac- 
tion. Inquire for him of Mr. Lodowick Bamper, near 



STONE CUTTERS 231 

the New English Church, . . . — The New-York Gazette 
or the Weekly Post-Boy, January 19, 1764. 

Lindsay And Sharp, At the foot of Ellis's-SHp, takes 
this Method of informing the PubUc, that they carry 
on the Business of Stone-Cutting in its different 
Branches; they also undertake building of Stone- 
Cisterns, and will demand no pay unless they hold tight. 
Gentlemen favouring them with their Work, may firmly 
depend on having it done in such a Manner as will give 
them the utmost Satisfaction, and upon the most rea- 
sonable Terms. — The New-York Mercury, August 18, 
1766. 

John Norris. — On Tuesday last John Norris, a Stone- 
cutter of this City and his Partner were, in eminent 
Danger of being smother'd under Ground; for as they 
were at Work in a Shaft to lay a Drain, about 15 foot 
below Surface of the Earth one of the Stanchions which 
Supported the Earth, on the Sides gave Way, . . . — 
News item in The New-York Weekly Journal, November 
21, 1737. 

UzAL Ward. — Newark Quarry Stone. Whereas many 
persons in New- York, who have had occasion for Newark 
quarry stone, have met with difficulty and disappoint- 
ment in being supplied, not knowing where or to whom 
properly to apply. The pubHc have therefore this notice, 
that I the subscriber, who have in my hands all the 
quarries lately belonging to Samuel Medlis, deceased, 
and keep a number of workmen constantly employed 
therein, will endeavour speedily and punctually to supply 
all demands for such stone; and that, for the greater 
conveniency of such persons who may want to be sup- 
plied, there are two boats constantly plying between 
New- York and Newark, . . . Uzal Ward. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 8, 1771. 



232 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

James Wilson.^ — Run away on Wednesday last, the 
24th Inst, from James Wilson, of this City, Stone-cutter, 
a Servant Boy. . . . The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Post Boy, April 29, 1754. 

i"On Tuesday last, after diligent Search, grounded on a violent 
suspicion, a large Sum of Money was found in the House of one James 
Wilson, an Inhabitant of this City, Stone-Cutter; which on the Con- 
fession of the said Willson before Alderman Livingston, appear'd to 

be the Cash stolen he was accordingly tryed, convicted, and 

condemned ; . . . . and is to be hanged on Friday." . . . . — News item in 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, January 22, 1759. 



PAPER MANUFACTURERS, PRINTERS, AND 
BOOKBINDERS 

Paper Manufacturers 

Hugh Gaine. — Ready Money for Clean Linen Rags, 
May be had from H. Gaine. And for the further En- 
couragement of such poor Persons as are wiUing to 
employ themselves in procuring Rags, the following 
Premiums will be given. 

To the Person that delivers the greatest Quantity of 
good clean dry Linen Rags to H. Gaine, in the Year 1765, 
not less than 1000 lb. Ten Dollars, besides being paid the 
full Value of the Rags. 

To the Person that dehvers the second greatest Quan- 
tity of Rags, of the same kind, not less than 800 lb. in 
the Year 1765 Eight Dollars. 

To the Person that delivers the third great Quantity 
of Rags, of the same Kind likewise, in the Year 1765, 
Five Dollars. 

A Book will be kept to enter the Names of all such 
Persons, as bring Rags and the Quantity the deliver; 
and the Premiums will be paid in the first Day of the 
Year 1766, by H. Gaine. — The New-York Mercury, 
December 17, 1764. 

Hugh Gaine. — The printer of this paper, in conjunc- 
tion with two of his friends, having lately erected a 
Paper-Mill at Hempstead Harbour, on Long-Island, at 
a very great expence, the existence of which entirely 
depends on a supply of Rags, which at present are very 
much wanted; He therefore most humbly in treats the 
assistance of the good people of this province, and city 
in particular, to assist him in this undertaking, which, 
if attended with success, will be a saving of some hun- 

233 



234 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

dreds per annum to the colony, which has been con- 
stantly sent out of it for Paper of all sorts, the manufac- 
turing of which has but very lately originated here; but 
should the publick countenance the same it is more than 
probable that branch will be brought to considerable 
perfection in this place. The highest price will there- 
fore be given for sorts of Linen Rags, by the Public's 
Humble Servant, Hugh Gaine. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, October 11, 1773. 

Hugh Gaine. — Linen Rags. The salutary Effects re- 
sulting from the Paper Manufactory lately erected in 
this Province, is very sensibly felt by the Inhabitants 
thereof, who consume many Thousand Reams of Paper 
annually, that for 40 years past were imported from a 
neighbouring Colony, to the very great Detriment of 
this, as the Cash transmitted from hence on that Account 
never returned again, the Ballance of Trade being so very 
great against us. And as no Manufactory can be carried 
on to any Purpose without a Sufficiency of rough Mate- 
rials to work on, and as Rags is the Principal used in the 
Paper Branch, it may be necessary to inform the Publick, 
that the Paper-Mill at Hempstead-Harbour, on Long- 
Island, is now in great Want of a Quantity of that Com- 
modity, . . . Hugh Gaine. N.B. Three Pence Per Pound 
will be given for the Best Rags, and in Proportion for 
those of an Inferior Sort. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, January 23, 1775. 

John Keating. — Ready Money for clean Rags, May 
be had of John Keating, between Burling's-Shp and the 
Fly-Market, in Queen-Street. All those that really have 
the welfare of their country at Heart, are desired to con- 
sider seriously, the Importance of a Paper Manufactory 
in this Government, and how much Good they may do 
it by so small a Matter, as saving only the Linen Rags, 
especially the fine ones, that would be otherwise useless. 
This saving is recommended not so much for the Value 
of the Money that any one may immediately receive for 



PAPER, PRINTERS, BOOKBINDERS 235 

the Rags, which can be a trifle at first, as for the Benefit 
the PubHc will receive, if the Manufactory is properly- 
encouraged, so as to supply us without importing paper 
from Abroad. . . . — The New-York Journal or the Gen- 
eral Advertiser, February 18, 1768. 

John Keating. — The New- York Paper Manufactory. 
John Keating, Takes this Method to inform the PubHc, 
that he manufactures, and has for sale, Sheathing, pack- 
ing, and several Sorts of printing Paper. Clean Linen 
Rags, are taken in (for which ready Money will be given) 
by said Keating, at his Store, between the Fly and Bur- 
ling's-shp; and by Alexander and James Robertson, at 
their Printing-Office. A very curious Address to the 
Patriotic Ladies of New- York, upon the utility of pre- 
serving old Linen Rags, will make its appearance in the 
next Chronicle. — The New-York Chronicle, August 17- 
24, 1769. 

John Keating. — Sixty Pounds per Year, with Meat, 
Drink, Washing and Lodging, will be given by John 
Keating, to a Man who understands the Paper-making 
Business well, in all its Branches, and good Encourage- 
ment for Journeymen Paper-makers; likewise ready 
Money for good clean Linen Rags. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 7, 1771. 

John Keating, at his Paper Manufactories, At and 
near New- York, makes All sorts of Paper and paste 
board; viz. 

Brown, whited brown 

Blue, and grey 

Purple sugar loaf, j^Paper 

Cartridge and press 

Waste or wrapping, different sizes J 

Printing and writing paper of various sorts and sizes 
Paste board of all qualities and sizes. Which are to sold 
at the lowest prices, at his store in Queen-street, near 
Burhng's sUp, where he gives the best prices for Linen 



236 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Rags, according to their quality and fineness. . . . — The 
N em-York Journal or the General Advertiser, May 21, 
1772. 

John Keating. — The First Paper Manufactory Estab- 
lished in this City of New- York, by John Keating, is now 
removed to Peck's-Kill, and is in great want of a large 
quantity of fine and coarse Linen Rags, . . . — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 11, 1774. 

Samuel Loudon. — Parchment Manufactured in the 
Country, Sold by Samuel Loudon. As Latin and Greek 
School Books are much wanted, and as it is probable 
there are many families in this city, who have some of 
them useless, they would do the Public a benefit by 
sending them to Samuel Loudon, who will give ready 
Cash or new Books for them. Greek Lexicons, Greek 
Grammars, Virgils, and Cicero's Orations are most 
wanted. — The New-York Packet and the American 
Advertiser, May 16, 1776. 

Samuel Loudon. — Three Pence per Pound Given by 
Samuel Loudon, for the best sort of clean, white linen 
Rags, and so in proportion for that of an inferior sort. — 
The New-York Packet and the American Advertiser, 
May 9, 1776. 

Paper Mill. — This is to give Notice, that there is 
come to the Place, last Month from England, a Person 
that knows the Preparation and making of all sorts of 
Paper, and it appearing to him that that Branch of 
Business will answer to good Profit in this Place; any 
Gentleman that has a good and constant Stream of fresh 
Water, and will erect a Paper-Mill thereon; that the 
Proposer will go half with him; the Gentleman to receive 
all the Profits, only subsistence Money, 'til the Proposer's 
Half of the Building shall be discharged, also an Allow- 
ance for the Water. He may be heard of at Mr. 



PAPER, PRINTERS, BOOKBINDERS 237 

Anneyley's, Gun-Smith, in New- York. — The New-York 
Mercury, March 7, 1760. 

Paper Hanging Manufactory. — A new Manufactory 
for Paper Hangings is set up at New- York, which is an 
article in great demand from the Spanish West-Indies. — 
News item from London, April 10, The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, June 6, 1765 (Supple- 
ment). 

A Paper Mill, To be Sold: ... It is situated at 
Spotswood, in New-Jersey, about 10 miles from Amboy 
ferry, in very good order, 50 feet in length, and 30 in 
width. . . . Whoever may be incUn'd to purchase said 
mill, are inform'd that the proprietor Frederick Roemer, 
will engage to instruct one or two persons in the business. 
For farther particulars, apply in New- York to John 
Klein, baker, or on the premises, to Frederick Roemer. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 
18, 1772. 

John Scully, Next Door to Alderman Roosevelt, at 
the Fresh- Water Manufactures all kind of Paper Hang- 
ings, of the newest Patterns, (to which Business he 
served a regular Apprenticeship,) and hangs the same in 
the neatest Manner with Borderings suitable to the 
Paper, which he also Manufactures himself. 

N.B. The said Scully, hangs English Paper at Eighteen 
Pence per Piece, and will wait on any Gentleman, Lady 
or other, who may be pleased to favour him with their 
Commands, on the shortest Notice. — The New-York 
Gazette, November 23-30, 1767. 

William Shafer. — Ready Money for all Sorts of clean 
Linen Rags, paid by WiUiam Shafer, Paper-maker, living 
at the Fresh- Water Pump, who likewise has for sale All 
Sorts of Paper, and will dispose of it cheaper than any 
imported from Europe. A Person that understands the 
Paper-making Business, and brings a good Recommenda- 



238 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

tion, may have employ, by William Shafer, Paper-Maker. 
— The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, 
November 21, 1771. 

Simson's. — Manufactured, and to be Sold at Simson's 
in Stone-Street, New- York, by Wholesale, cheap for 
Cash, Wrapping Paper, fit for Shopkeepers, Tobacconists, 
Chocolate-Makers, Tallow-Chandlers, Hatters, &c. Blue 
Paper for Sugar-Bakers, Printers Paper &c. Where 
Orders for every Kind of Common Paper, Pasteboard, 
&c. may be comply'd with on proper Encouragement. 
Rags are taken in and paid for, by Frederick Ramer, at 
the Mill, in Spotswood, and by Michael Housewort, next 
Door to Weyman's Printing Office. — The New-York 
Gazette, September 24, 1764. ' 

Robert Wood. — Parchment, which by those who have 
tried it, is esteemed superior to most imported from 
England, Made and sold at reasonable rates, by Robert 
Wood, in Fifth Street, a Uttle below Walnut Street, in 
Philadelphia. 

Sold also by Joseph Crukshank, Printer, in Market 
Street, between Second & Third Streets, and by Isaac 
Collins, Printer, in in Burlington, Hugh Gaine and John 
Holt, Printers, in New York, and by Joseph Dunkley, 
Painter and Glazier, opposite the Methodist Meeting 
House. 

The Demand for this Parchment being much increased 
of late, has encouraged said Wood to extend his Works 
so that he now expects to be able to supply his Cus- 
tomers in a manner more satisfactory than heretofore, 
without Fear of a Disappointment. — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, November 17, 1774. 



Printers of New York Newspapers 

John Anderson, Takes this Method to inform the 
PubHc in general, and his Friends in Particular, that he 
has removed his Printing-Office from Battoe-Street, to 



PAPER, PRINTERS, BOOKBINDERS 239 

the lower Corner of Beekman's Slip, where he continues 
carrying on the Printing Business in all its Branches, 
with Neatness, Accuracy, and Dispatch, at the very 
lowest Prices; and hopes for a Continuance of the 
Favours of his former Friends and Customers, whose 
Kindness he will endeavour to merit, by his Assiduity to 
serve them with Punctuality and exactness. 

Advertisements, Hand Bills, &c. (of a moderate 
Length) are printed at an Hour's Notice. Also, may be 
had at said Office, Bibles, Testaments, SpelHng-Books 
and Primers, Blank Bonds, Powers of Attorney, Bills of 
Sale, Bills of Lading, Penal Bills, and all other kinds of 
Blanks used in this Province. 

Said Anderson has likewise for Sale, Spiritous Liquors, 
Dry Goods, and Earthen Ware, with many other Articles 
as usual. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Post^ 
Boy, October 12, 1772. 

John Anderson & Samuel Parker. — To the respect- 
able Pubhck, Samuel F. Parker, and John Anderson, Of 
this City, Printers, Have entered into Partnership to- 
gether, for the carrying on that Business in all its 
Branches; and propose in August next, to publish the 
New- York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, which was 
published for many Years by said Parker's Father, and 
esteemed to be a Paper of as good Credit and Utility as 
any extant since the first Commencement thereof; . . . 
Printing in all its Branches will be carefully executed 
and further Particulars thereof published in due Time. 
— The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, 
April 8, 1773 

William Bradford. — Last Saturday Evening departed 
this Life, Mr. William Bradford, Printer, of this City, 
in the 94th Year of his Age : As the Printer of this Paper 
liv'd upwards of eight Years Apprentice to him, he may 
be presumed to know something of him: He came into 
America upwards of 70 Years ago, and landed at the 
Place where Philadelphia now stands, before that City 



240 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

was laid out, or a House built there: He was Printer to 
this Government upwards of 50 Years; and was a Man 
of great Sobriety and Industry ; . . . — News item in The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
May 25, 1752 

Samuel Loudon's Circulating Library ^ Will be 
opened the first day of January 1774; subscriptions for 
reading, are taken in at his house, at 20 shillings per 
annum, half to be paid at subscribing. Occasional readers 
to pay by the week, or volume ; the prices for which, with 
rules for reading, will be particularly affixed to the cata- 
logue, which is now printing, and will be ready to deUver 
to the subscribers, and other readers, next month. 

The design is set on foot at the desire of several very 
respectable inhabitants, and shall be conducted with all 
possible fidehty and diligence, in providing books, both 
instructive and entertaining, and written by authors of 
the most established reputation. It is hoped that all who 
approve of the undertaking, will do their utmost to 
encourage it, and without delay, as every body may see 
that it's existence and perfection, depends on the encour- 
agement it meets with, by enabling the undertakers to 
provide, and keep in order, a sufficient number of valu- 
able books. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, December 
30, 1773. 

James Rivington. — Last Thursday was hung up by 
some of the lower class of inhabitants, at New-Bruns- 
wick, an effigy, representing the person of Mr. Rivington, 
the printer at New- York, merely for acting consistent 
with his profession as a free printer. — News item in 
Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, April 20, 1775.^ 

1 In the New~York Gazette, September 24, 1764, notice is given that 
"Noel's Circulating Library, Is now opened for the second year," .... 

2 In the same issue of the newspaper, Rivington inserted an illustra- 
tion of himself hanging in effigy with a note to the public "He 

has considered his press in the light of a public office, to which every 
man has a right to have recourse. But the moment he ventured to 
publish sentiments which were opposed to the dangerous views and 
designs of certain demagogues, he found himself held up as an enemy 
to his country," 



PAPER, PRINTERS, BOOKBINDERS 241 

James Rivington. — Thursday Morning about 12 
o'clock, a Party of Light Horse from Connecticut, 
amounting to about 100, entered this City, and in the 
utmost regularity proceeded to the House of Mr. James 
Rivington, Printer, and after surrounding the same, with 
bayonets fixed, a number alighted and placed three centi- 
nels at each door; when a few of the party entered the 
house, and demanded his types, which were accordingly 
surrendered, and put up in bags, then they destroyed 
the whole apparatus of the press. The business being 
thus finished without the least noise or opposition, the 
surrounding spectators consisting of about fifteen hun- 
dred inhabitants signified their approbation by three 
huzzas, and immediately the party went out of town 
with their booty, without offering the least insult to any 
of the inhabitants. — News item in The Constitutional 
Gazette, November 25, 1775. 

John Peter Zenger. — The Printer [John Peter 
Zenger] now having got his Liberty again, designs God 
Willing to Finish and Publish the Charter of the City 
of New- York, Next Week. — The New-York Weekly 
Journal, August 11, 1735. 

John Peter Zenger. — There is now in Press, and will 
be Published with all imaginable Speed, A brief Narative 
of the Case and Tryal of John Peter Zenger, Printer of the 
New- York Weekly Journal. Containing a brief Account 
of the Proceedings against him, and of this Tryal, for 
Printing his Journals, No 13 & 23 both before and during 
his 9 Months Imprisonment on that Pretence. — The 
New-York Weekly Journal, September 23, 1735. 

John Peter Zenger. — There is now Published Re- 
marks upon Mr. Hamilton's Arguments in the Tryal of 
J. P. Zenger, for Lybelling against the Government. To 
be Sold by the Printer hereof. — The New-York Gazette, 
October 17-23, 1737. 



242 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

John Zenger. — Mr. John Zenger, Printer in this City, 
being lately deceased, and having no Person qualified to 
carry on his Business: This is to give Notice, that the 
Printing Press and Materials lately occupied by him, will 
be exposed to Sale at publick Vendue, on Tuesday the 
30th of this Instant July, at the Dwelling House of the 
Deceased : The Press is esteemed a good One ; and much 
of the large Letter in good Order. — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, July 1, 1751. 

Other Printers 

Robert Bell. — This Day is published, And now selling 
by Robert Bell, Printer, and Bookseller, next door to 
St. Paul's Church Third-Street, Philadelphia. Also in 
New- York by William Green, Bookseller and Book- 
binder. Complete in three volumes, with neat bindings, 
. . . Political Disquisitions; ... By J. Burgh, Gent. 
. . . — The Constitutional Gazette, November 22, 1775. 

Benjamin Franklin. — ^Whereas on Saturday Night 
last, the House of Benjamin Franklin, of the City of 
Philadelphia, Printer was broke open, . . . — The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, Novem- 
ber 5, 1750. 

Hodge & Shober. — . . . Printing, in all its different 
Branches, performed by said Hodge and Shober, in the 
neatest Manner, with Accuracy, Dispatch, and at the 
most reasonable Prices. As they are young Beginners, 
they earnestly request the Favour and Encouragement of 
the Public, which they will endeavour to merit, by their 
Assiduity to satisfy and oblige those who are pleased to 
employ them. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, January 25, 1773. 

Mills, Hicks and Howe, Printers and stationers, 
Have just opened their Printing- Office and Shop in 
Queen-street, near the Fly-market, and Have for Sale, 



PAPER, PRINTERS. BOOKBINDERS 243 

Stationary of all Kinds Particularly a very fine Assort- 
ment of Writing Paper, viz. Atlas, Imperial, Royal, Super 
Royal, Medium, Demy, Thick and thin Post, Foolscap, 
gilt and plain, . . . N. B. The above assortment was 
ordered by the Stationers to the Hon. Board of Commis- 
sioners for their own use, previous to their leaving 
America, and is therefore very suitable for public oflSces, 
as well as gentlemen of the navy and army in general, 
being of the best quality. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Mercury, August 26, 1776. 

Bookbinders 

T. Anderton. — Lately arrived from England . . . T. 
Anderton, Book-Binder, Letter Case, and Pocket Book- 
Maker; Makes and sells wholesale and retail, all sorts 
of letter cases, desk cases, travelling cases and travelling 
boxes either with or without shaving equipages; Ladies 
travelling writing desks, fishing cases, solo cases. . . . 

The said T. Anderton, performs book-binding in its 
full perfection, in all sorts of plain and rich bindings; 
marbles and gilds the edge of books, gilds and letters 
libraries, or parcels of books, and rules paper or bill 
books, day books, journals and leidgers, &c. (as exact to 
any pattern) but with greater ellegancy that if taken 
from copper plate, and binds in parchment, or vellum, 
either with or without Russia bands. Gentlemen and 
Ladies who please to try his abilities may always depend 
on being well used on the very lowest terms. New pocket 
books, made to old instruments. 

At the same place may be had, when ready, a curious 
black writing ink improved from a prescription which 
the late right hon. Henry Pelham, esq ; gave 36 guineas 
for ; what is ramarkable in this ink is, time will not afface 
nor any spirit destroy it from the face of paper, or parch- 
ment, but it always remains of a fine jett black: It flows 
finely from the pen, and never grows thick by the keep- 
ing. . . . — The New-York Mercury, December 24, 1764. 



244 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Bookbinder. — A Journeyman Book Binder, May hear 
of Encouragement, according to his abilities, by applying 
to the Printer hereof. — The Constitutional Gazette, June 
22, 1776. 



Philip Brooks, Book Binder from Dublin, Carries on 
that business in all its branches, at his shop in Dock 
street, between the Coffee house and Old-slip bridge. 
New or old books lettered, gilt and rebound in the neatest 
manner; merchants and others supplied with blank 
books, either ruled or plain, on the shortest notice; 
pocket books, memorandum books, &c. He will study 
to give general satisfaction to his customers, and flatters 
himself the pubhc will favour him with some encourage- 
ment. . . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, September 25, 1775. 

Samuel Brown. — Charles Morse moves to the house 
. . . being the second House above Mr. Samuel Brown's, 
Printer and Book Binder, . . . — The New-York Gazette 
or the Weekly Post-Boy, June 20, 1765. 

Henry De Foreest. — Books neatly Bound, Gilded and 
Lettered, Account-Books Rul'd & Bound, in Vellum, 
Parchment, Calf, or Basil, by Henry De Foreest, enquire 
for him at the House of John Peter Zenger, or at his 
House opposite to the Sign of the Black-Horse. — The 
New-York Weekly Journal, May 19, 1735. 

Samuel Evans, Book-Binder from London ; Begs leave 
to inform the Gentlemen of this City, that he still carries 
on his Business, at his House, next Door to Mr. 
Dough ty's Taylor, in Beaver-Street, where all Gentlemen 
and others may depend on having their Work done in 
the neatest and best Manner, either in Morocco, Calf, or 
Sheep-Skin, by their very humble Servant, Samuel 
Evans. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post- 
Boy, June 11, 1761. 



PAPER, PRINTERS, BOOKBINDERS 245 

George Fisher. — Virginia, Williamsburg, August 2, 
1765. Broke goal, last Saturday night a servant man, 
named George Fisher, by trade a book-binder. . . . — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, September 
19, 1765. 

William Green. — Just published and to be sold by 
William Green, Bookbinder, ... An Earnest Address to 
such of the people called Quakers, . . . — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, March 16, 1775. 

John Hinshaw. — The Book of the Chronicles of His 
Royal Highness, William Duke of Cumberland . . . like- 
wise to be had at Mr. John Hinshaw's, Book-Binder near 
the Old-slip Market, — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
July 28, 1746. 

William Hough, Book-binder, at the House of Mr. 
William Milliner, at the Corner of Beaver-Street; Binds 
all sorts of Books, either printed or for Merchants and 
Shop-keepers Use, after the neatest and best Manner 
now in vogue in London: He likewise rules Musick to 
the greatest Perfection ; and being but a Beginner, hopes 
to give entire Satisfaction to all Gentlemen and others, 
either in Town or Country, who shall please to favor him 
with their Custom. — The New-York Gazette Revived in 
the Weekly Post-Boy, October 2, 1752. 

Joseph Johnson of the City of New- York Book- 
binder, is now set up Book-binding for himself as for- 
merly, and lives in Duke-street (commonly called 
Bayards-street) near the Old-Slip Market, where all 
Persons in Town or Country, may have their Books 
carefully and neatly new Bound with Plain or Gilt, rea- 
sonable. — The New-York Gazette, September 23-30, 
1734. 

John Jones. — Book-Binding, in all its parts, per- 
formed by John Jones, in Elizabeth-Town, living near 



246 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

to Mrs. Cheetwood's mill. — The New-York Mercury, 
September 5, 1757. 

George Leedell, Book-Binder, late of London, Begs 
leave to return his thanks to his friends and customers, 
and the pubhck in general, for their past favours, and 
hopes for the future continuance of them, which he will 
endeavour to deserve. He has removed to Peck's-slip, 
next door to Mr. White Matlack's, watch-maker, where 
he proposes to continue to carry on his business in all its 
different branches, as neat as can be done in London. 
Merchants and others, may be suppUed at a very short 
notice, with all kinds of books (such as ledgers, journals, 
and waste books) as cheap as they can be imported. 
Where may be also had his much admired Black and Red 
Ink, and Hudson's Bay Quills, so long wanted in this 
country; spelling books and primers, books marbled on 
the edges, as in London; and paper gilt and blackt. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 
3, 1773. 

Robert M'Alpine, Binds, Gilds, and Letters, all Sorts 
of Books, to Perfection; He may be spoke with at the 
dwelling House in Hanover Square, next Door to Dr. 
Nicolls, N.B. He also sells sundry Sorts of Books. — The 
New-York Weekly Journal, November 30, 1741. 

Nutter and Evans, Book-Binders, acquaint their 
Friends and the Pubhc in general. That they have 
opened a Shop on Rotton-Row, in the House of Mr. 
John Jones, where they may have all manner of Book- 
binding done in the neatest and most elegant taste 
(either in gilt or plain Covers) and on the shortest notice. 
Ruling (in whatever Form required) performed to Satis- 
faction; and all other the business of Book-Bindering 
done on reasonable Terms, and with great Accuracy. 
And earnestly soUicits for the Pubhc's Favour, particu- 
larly those who are willing to encourage new Beginners, 
assuring them, that they will make it their unwearied 



PAPER, PRINTERS, BOOKBINDERS 247 

Study to serve them to the utmost of their Abihties, 
whenever they shall please to favour them with their 
Commands. They have for Sale, Chapman's Books, 
Primmers, Almanacks, Paper, Quills, &c. and the best of 
both Red and Black Inks, made and sold by themselves. 
Likewise Phials of almost any Size, may be had at the 
said Shop. — The New-York Chronicle, September 28- 
October 5, 1769. 

Valentine Nutter. — Just published, and to sold by 
Valentine Nutter, Book Binder, opposite the Coffee- 
House. Josephus's Works, 4 Vols, octavo, neatly bound 
and lettered, much superior to any that have yet made 
their appearance, at the moderate price of 36 s. per set. 
He has likewise for sale, day books, all of his own manu- 
facture. As he continues to carry on the book binding 
business in all its branches, he hopes for the continuance 
of his former customers, and the public in general, being 
determined to do his work as cheap and good as can be 
done in this city. Old books from the country will be 
done neatly, and returned immediately. . . . — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, October 19, 1775. 

Printer. — Blanck Book for Merchants, such as Day 
Books, Ledgres or Journal, made and sold by the Printer ^ 
hereof, and old Books New Bound. — The New-York 
Gazette, September 24, 1744. 

James Watt, Book-binder, Is removed into Broad- 
Street, next Door to William Alexander's where Book- 
binding, in general is neatly and expeditiously performed. 
—The New-York Mercury, May 8, 1758. 

James Watt. — Best black and red Ink, made and sold 
by James Watt, Book Binder, on Rotten-Row. The Red 
is made of the Best Brasiletto, Gum-Arabick, &c. and 

3 Some time between the years 1742 and 1743, William Bradford took 
H. De Foreest, his former apprentice, into partnership. The printers 
of The Neiu-York Gazette at this time were thus Bradford & De For- 
eest. 



248 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

the Black of the best Aleppo Nut Galls, Gum Arabick, 
&c. estem'd by Experience, much better than any made 
of the best Ink Powder; Vials to be had from Is 6 to 6d. 
Those that find Bottles at 3s. per Quart; and smaller 
Quantities in Proportion. N. B. The above Watt binds 
all Manner of old and new Books and sells all sorts of 
Blanks, Blank Books and other Stationary &c. &c. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, September 
12, 1765. 

Stewart Wilson, Bookbinder and Bookseller, opposite 
the Main Guard, in Albany; Has to dispose of, a great 
Variety of Books, upon every Subject, and more espe- 
cially those suited to the Taste of America. Said Wilson 
binds all Kinds of Books in the newest and neatest 
Manner. Any Gentlemen in the Army or elsewhere, 
that please to favour him with their Orders for Books 
or Stationary of any kind, may depend on being punctu- 
ally served. — The New-York Mercury, October 22, 1759 
{Supplement). 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 
Flax Culture 

Machines For Cleaning Flax Seed. — Machines for 
cleaning Flax Seed. James Parsons, In Queen Street, 
next Door to Wm. Walton, Esq, near Peck's Slip, Has to 
Sell, Brass Wire Machines, for cleaning flax Seed in the 
best Manner for shipping; likewise Cockie Skreens, very- 
useful for Millers, and all Persons concerned in Cleaning 
Grain. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
June 30, 1763. 

Flax. — A Large quantity of good well drest spinning 
Flax, is wanted for the Factory in New- York: AH Per- 
sons who have such to dispose of, at reasonable rate, by 
applying to Obadiah Wells, in Mullbery-Street, near the 
Fresh Water, may have ready Money for it. N.B. None 
but, the best sort will have the preference. Also the 
spinners in New- York, are hereby notified, that due 
Attendance will be given, every Tuesday, Thursday, and 
Saturday, in the Afternoon, to give out Flax and receive 
in Yarn ; by said Wells, and to prevent Trouble, no Per- 
son who has not been an Inhabitant in this City ever 
since May last, will be admitted as a Spinner in the 
Factory. Also the said Wells, still continues receiving 
and selling in the Market, all sorts of Country Manufac- 
tories, such as Linens and Woollen Cloth, Stockings &c. 
&c. at five per cent for Sales and Remittances. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, May 8, 1766 
(Supplement). 

Flax Dressing. — This is to acquaint the Publick, 
That George Robinson from England, carries on the 
Flax-Dressing, at his House next Door to the Sign of 

249 



250 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

the Orange-Tree, near Golden-Hill, after the English 
Manner, and sells it either ruff, heckled, or hetcheled. 
Also dresses Flax for any Person that chuses to send it 
ruff, at the most Reasonable Rates (according to the 
Fineness ordered) by the Pound, and all possible Care 
will be taken to give content to all Persons that may be 
pleased to encourage this new Branch of Business. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 17, 
1769 (Supplement). 

Method of Preparing Flax. — The Method used in 
French Flanders, Of raising and preparing Fine Flax, 
For making the finest Hollands, Lawns, Cambricks and 
Laces, (Lately discovered in Great Britain, and much 
encouraged there) Being the most profitable article of 
agriculture that ever was produced in any country, both 
as it is a certain and inexhaustable source of wealth to 
the farmer, and of national advantage . . . 

The whole process of raising and managing this flax is 
inserted in Freeman's New- York Almanack for the year 
1770. — The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, 
December 14, 1769. 

Flax Inspection. — An Act for the Inspection of Flax 
in the City of New- York Passed the 24th Day of March 
1772. Whereas the cleaning of Flax in this Colony to 
prepare it for Spinning and Rope Making, has become an 
Object of some Importance, and as Abuses are committed 
in the Sale of Flax, altogether unfit for the said Purposes, 
to the great Damages of the Purchasers; for the Preven- 
tion therefore of the said Evil for the future . . .^ — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 6, 
1772. 

Flax Swinglers. — ^Wanted immediately, seven or 
eight good flax swinglers, who understand that business 
well; they may have employment for some time, and 
shall be paid ready money for their work, Enquire of 

1 The entire text of the Act follows. 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 251 

Comfort Sands, or Obadiah Wells. Said Sands has by 
him a choice parcel of inspected flax for sale. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 4, 1772. 

Flax Heckled. — The public is hereby inform'd, that 
all persons who chuse to send their flax to heckle, to 
George Robinson, in the Fly-Market, can have it done 
reasonable, and at any fineness as in England, with the 
utmost integrity. He has always an Assortment for sale. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
September 7, 1772. 

Flax Dressing. — George Williamson, Lately from Ire- 
land, but last from Philadelphia, Hereby informs the 
public, that he has at a great expence furnished himself 
with all necessary utensils and conveniencies for dressing 
of Flax, according to the most approved method used in 
the linen manufactories in Europe; and has for sale at 
his shop in Fly-street, at the Corner of Queen-street, a 
great Variety of Dressed and Shoe Flax. 

And as this kind of manufactory is become not only 
the grand interest of this province, but of importance 
to almost every Particular family in it, he hopes his 
endeavours (which so evidently tend to the public 
utility) will meet with general encouragement by all who 
are disposed to introduce a manufacture so necessary as 
is that of Hnen; all of whom may depend on being sup- 
plied with flax of the best quality, and dressed to as great 
perfection as any in the old countries. 

Also tow of every quality, and undressed flax, may be 
bought at the lowest prices, at the same place. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 
25, 1773. 

Flax Dressing. — Allan Grant, Flax-Dresser, from 
Edinburgh, Informs the pubhck, that he has set up his 
business in Partition-street, formerly called Division- 
street, near St. Paul's Church ; where he hatchels flax in 
the best manner, and sells the same together with tow; 



252 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

and as he has brought with him a compleat set of tools 
to answer all sorts of flax, he humbly hopes for encour- 
agement from all well wishers to this province. He also 
proposes to hatchel flax in the best manner for all persons 
who pleases to favour him with their custom. 

N.B. Any person who has a parcel of well scutched and 
wholesome flax, may apply to said Grant for sale. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, August 8, 
1774. 

Silk Culture 

The Culture of Silk or, an Essay ^ on its Rational 
Practice and Improvement. ... By the Rev. Samuel 
PuUein, MA... . — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, January 8, 1767. 

Silk Worms in South Carolina. — We have the 
pleasure to acquaint the pubUc, that the succesful intro- 
duction of the Silk Manufacture in this province bears a 
promising aspect, as we hear there are great quantities 
of Silk- Worms raised in almost every family in Purrys- 
burg parish, and some by the French of Hillsborough, 
and the Enghsh and Germans near Long Canes, and that 
several gentlemen and ladies, near Charleston, will make 
the private amusement of raising Silk Worms, tend to 
the public benefit, by shewing how easy the knowledge 
thereof may be acquired, . . . Mr. John Lewis Gilbert, 
a native of France, who is employed by the gentlemen 
concerned on behalf of the public, in the encouragement 
of this manufacture, to wind, and teach the windings of 
silk, has now a considerable number of silk-worms, in the 
old school-house, . . . 

Workmen are now employed in building an oven for 
curing the cocoons, erecting four machines, and all other 
necessaries for winding silk, with all expedition, in rooms 
adjoining Mr. Gilbert's, in order that the filature may 
be set to work as soon as the cocoons are fit, which may 

2 Installments of the essay appeared in the issues of the New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy for the first half of the year 1767. 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 253 

be in about three weeks. — News item from Charleston, 
S. C, May 8, in The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, May 28, 1767. 

SiDK. — Extract from letter from Leicester, June 14, 
1771. The silk of your manufacture I exhibited to the 
best judges in London, and they unanimously pro- 
nounced it equal to any, except, China. There wants 
no improvement in it — there wants only quantity. I am 
now manufacturing it into stockings. — News item from 
Philadelphia, September 19, in The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, September 23, 1771. 

Silk Worms. — It is said that a considerable number 
of French refugees, well skilled in the management of 
silk worms, and making of wines, have within these few 
days, engaged themselves on very advantageous terms 
to go to New- York, and South-Carolina, where the culti- 
vation of these two lucrative branches is carrying on with 
great spirit. — News item from London, July 15, in The 
New-York Journal, September 23, 1773. 

Silk Manufacture. — James Wallace, At the Sign of 
the Hood, In Water-street, opposite to Mr. Van Zandt's, 
near the Coffee-House, New- York, Begs leave to inform 
the Ladies and Gentry, that he makes and sells, black 
and white silk patent lace for ladies aprons, handker- 
chiefs &c. White thread do. for ladies and gentlemens 
ruffles; hoods, aprons, and tippets, and several other 
things in that way ; silk and thread gloves and mitts, the 
silk of which is American produce: He therefore hopes 
to be honoured with the commands of those who wish to 
encourage their own manufacture. Stockings made in 
the best manner, for those that bring their own stuff. 

N.B. Silk stockings drest in the neatest manner, as in 
London and Dublin, thereby preserving their gloss and 
colour to the last; stitches taken up in the best method, 
at the most reasonable rates. — The New-York Journal 
or the General Advertiser, July 6, 1775. 



254 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Implements 

Cards. — Any one may be furnished with good large 
Wool Cards at 32s. per Doz. Fine Cotton Cards at 34s. 
per Doz. likewise scribUng and small Cards at very rea- 
sonable Rates by WilHam House, the Maker, in WiUiam 
Street opposite to Mr. Witts's at the King's Head in 
New- York. Any Person bringing old Boards may have 
new Cards put on them, and be allowed. — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, July 31, 1738. 

Foot Linen Wheels. — Good Foot Linnen Wheels 
made by WilHam Stoddard, at Oysterbay and to be sold 
by Henry Chadeayne, in Beekman's-Street, near the 
New-English-Church, in New- York. — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, March 11, 
1751. 

Needles. — John Ernst Juncken Needle-maker, living 
in Second-street, near the Dutch Vendue House, in 
Philadelphia: Hereby gives Notice to the Public, that 
he makes and hath to sell, at a reasonable Rate the 
following Commodities, Viz. Test Hooks, washed over 
with Pewter, small Hooks and Eyes, fit for Regimentals, 
Worms for Gunns, Brass and Iron Chains, and Brushes 
for Musquets, Chains for squirrels, Cages for Parrots, 
and other Birds &c. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, January 1, 1759. 

Spinning Wheels. — Wanted (by the Society for pro- 
moting Arts, &c.) 50 Spinning Wheels, Any Persons 
having it in their Power to furnish that Number imme- 
diately, are requested to apply to Messrs. Obadiah Wells, 
James Armstrong, and John Lamb, who will agree with 
them for the same. — The New-York Mercury, February 
25, 1765. 

Needles, Both White Chaple and common, and all 
kinds of Fish Hooks, made by WilHam Sheward, in Penn- 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 255 

sylvania, and sold on his Account by Watson and 
Murray, in New- York: They are equal if not superior 
in Quality to any imported from Europe; and always 
free from Rust, which by the frequent Damps in 
Vessels, European made are always Uable to. As that 
laudable Disposition of encouraging Our American 
Manufactories, so much abounds in this Province, the 
Makers flatters himself of the Merchants here, favouring 
him with their Orders, by applying as above. — The New- 
York Mercury, September 2, 1765. 

Cards. — Scribling cards, stock cards, cotton and 
woollen do. sold by Mr. Mathew Paterson, in Horse and 
Cart Street; by Mr. Richard Minifie, shop-keeper, at the 
Fly-Market; by Mr. John Cams, Cooper and Shop- 
keeper, near Peck's Slip, and by the maker at Capt. 
Waller's in Broad Street, near the Bowling Green. 

These cards are made of good calf-skin, and will stand 
re-setting, if kept dry; whereas the woollen cards im- 
ported are sheep-skin; the scriblers, &c. wore out, and 
the cotton old scriblers cut down and set again ; therefore 
the maker hopes he will gain the approbation of all those 
who are friends to the prosperity of America. — The Neio- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, December 18, 
1769. 

Reed Making. — The subscriber wilHng to assist in pro- 
moting manufactures in America, (especially at this 
critical and alarming juncture) has lately set up the 
business of Reed-Making, where all weavers and others, 
both in town and country, may be supphed with reeds 
of all kinds, as neat and good as any imported. Those 
persons who will be pleased to oblige him with their 
custom may depend upon being served with great exact- 
ness, and at the shortest notice, by applying at the 
subscribers house, in Wood-bridge, East New-Jersey, and 
their favours will be gratefully acknowledged by their 
humble servant, Nathaniel Pike. — Rivington's New- 
York Gazetteer, July 7, 1774. 



256 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Tambour Needles. — Tambour Silks, Needles, and 
Cases, Just imported per the ship Lady Gage, a compleat 
assortment of Tambour Shades on Silk and Shaneil, with 
the best London made Tambour needles, and cases, to 
be had of WilHam Long, in Great George-Street. — 
Rivington's NeuhYork Gazetteer, July 7, 1774. 

Pins. — Richard Lightfoot, from Dublin, at his Pin 
Manufactory at the Crown and Cushion, in Water-Street, 
near the Coffee-House in New York. Takes this method 
to inform the Ladies, and the Public in general, that he 
makes and sells all sorts of pins equal to any made in 
London or DubHn, and superior to any manufactured 
elsewhere; he likewise draws harpsichord, spinnet, forti- 
piano, dolsemor, and all other kinds of music wire ; silver 
profile for gentlemens buttons and tambour works ; brass 
and iron knitting needles, black and white hair pins, 
chains, brushes and pickers for soldiers firelocks, pins for 
Unen printers and paper stampers; laying and sewing 
wire for paper makers, card makers wire, skeleton and 
pound wire for ladies caps, hackle teeth, and several 
other things in that way, and as he is the first that ever 
attempted any of said branches on this continent, he 
therefore hopes for the countenance of those who wish 
to encourage their own manufactures. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 10, 1775. 

Flax Wheels. — Wright and M'AlUster, Flax Wheel 
Makers, at the Spinning-Wheel, nearly opposite St. 
Paul's Church, Broad-Way, Offer their service to the 
encouragers of American Manufactories, who may be 
supplied on the shortest notice, with Wheels of different 
kinds, at reasonable prices: And, as their attention will 
be chiefly engaged in this branch of the turning business, 
they hope to merit the encouragement of the public, and 
answer any commissions they may be favoured with 
from the country. — The New-York Packet and the 
American Advertiser, June 13, 1776. 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 257 

Knitting Needles. — Joseph Plowman, Pin-Maker in 
Water-Street, near the Coffee-House. Begs leave to in- 
form the pubhc, That he still continues carrying on that 
manufactury, and has now for sale the following goods: 
Pins, brass and iron knitting-needles, iron wire, binding 
and card ditto, hooks and eyes, fishing hooks, brass rings 
for buttons, priming brushes and wires for soldiers, files 
and knives &c. &c. He likewise makes moulds for paper 
makers with sewing wire. — The Constitutional Gazette, 
June 22, 1776. 

Spinning and Weaving 

Weaving Encouraged. — We hear from Maryland, that 
Subscriptions have been lately made among the Gentle- 
men there, for encouraging the Manufacture of Linen: 
The Mayor and Common Council of Annapolis, have 
promised to pay as a Reward the Sum of 5 £ to the Per- 
son that brings the finest Piece of Linen, of the Growth 
and Manufacture of Maryland, to next September Fair; 
for the 2d. Piece in Fineness 3 £. and for the 3d, 40 s. the 
Linen to continue to be the Property of the Maker. 
Like Rewards are offered in Baltimore County, and 'tis 
thought the Example will be followed in all Counties in 
Maryland.— r/ie New-York Gazette, May 3-10, 1731. 

Stocking Weaving. — John George Cook, Stocking 
Weaver, Gives Notice, That every Body may be supply'd 
with all Sorts of Stockings, such as Worstead three 
threads, and FulFd Stockings, & Fine Cotton, and Linnen 
Stockings, living at the House of John Peter Zenger, 
Printer in Stone Street. — The New-York Weekly 
Journal, January 28, 1744. 

Stocking Weaving. — This is to give Notice, that John 
George Cook, Stocking Weaver, has now three different 
Looms for either Country Yarn, Silk, Cotton, Worsted or 
Linnen. . . . — The New-York Weekly Journal, July 14, 
1746. 



258 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Spinners Employed. — St. Andrew's Society. Whereas 
the St. Andrew's Society, at New- York in the Province 
of New- York, are wilhng and desirous to employ, such 
poor scots Women, as are capable of working, and for 
want of employ, become the Objects of the Society's 
Charity. These are therefore to desire and advertise, all 
those who are able to spin, either Flax, Wool or Cotton, 
(but particularly Cotton Wick) that they shall be fur- 
nished with proper Materials to employ them, and 
sujficient Wages allowed them, by Messrs David Shaw, 
and David Milligan, Merchants in New- York, who are 
appointed by the said Society, as a Committee for that 
Purpose. David Milligan, Secry. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, February 18, 1762. 

Linen Manufactory in Boston. — At the Linen 
Manufactory, in Boston, there has been made within the 
three last Months Four hundred Yards of Bengals, 
Lillepusias, and Broglios, which were bought off by some 
of the principal Ladies in this Town for their own and 
their Children's Winter Wear: And as the Ladies have 
set the Example, I hope the Gentlemen will follow this 
laudable Custom, as they may be supply'd in the Spring 
with several Sorts of Summer Wear. 

Bridgewater Flax to be sold by 6s 0. T. per Pound. 
John Brown. — News item from Boston, January 24, in 
The New-York Mercury, February 11, 1765. 

Journeymen Weavers. — Five or Six good Journeymen 
Weavers, may have immediate Employment, by apply- 
ing to John Woods, at the Factory, near Fresh Water, in 
New- York. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy , October 17, 1765. 

Society for Promoting Arts. — Whereas it has been 
found, that the Society for promoting Arts, &c. has 
answered great and valuable purposes, particularly in 
the Encouragement of raising Flax and manufactoring 
Linnen. And besides what has been done by them for 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 259 

that laudable Purpose, there was some Time since, put 
into the Hands of those Gentlemen and Trustees, the 
Sum of Six Hundred Pounds, to encourage the Linnen 
Manufactory in this City, which Sum they put into the 
Hands of Mr. Obadiah Wells, to employ Weavers and 
Spinners; which Trust, they believe, he has honestly 
and faithfully performed, by employing above Three 
Hundred poor and necessitous Persons for 18 Months 
past in this City, in the above Business, As the said 
Trustees have at present, to the Value of £ 600, in 
Linnens manufactored in this City and County, to dis- 
pose of, which while lying on Hand, disables them from 
farther prosecuting the benevolent Purposes ; they intend 
therefore to send them about the City, to be sold and 
distributed, hoping that the good and charitable In- 
habitants will purchase them ; by this Means, the Linnen 
Manufactory may again be carried on, the publick 
Interest greatly promoted, many penurious Persons 
saved from Beggary, and great Expence to the Corpora- 
tion, by relieving Numbers of distressed Women, now in 
the Poor-House. And the Publick may be assured, that 
the said Linnens have been manufactured on as low 
Terms as possible, and are now ordered to be sold with- 
out any Advance, with the Price of the Cost per Yard, 
marked on each Piece. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, December 31, 1767. 

Family Weaving. — . . . Related at a Meeting of the 
Society of Arts in New- York City. ... As a farther 
Specimen of the Practicability of manufacturing our 
own Cloaths in this Country, We can assure the Public 
of the following Persons in Woodbridge in New Jersey, 
making in their respective Families, within the Year past, 
both Woollen and Linnen of their own raising, the Quan- 
tities of following Viz. Mr. Isaac Freeman, 599 Yards, 
Mr. James Smith, 567 Yards and Mr. Nathaniel Heard, 
414 Yards. — News item in The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, January 18, 1768. 



260 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Family Weaving in Newport, R. I. — Within Eighteen 
Months past 487 Yards of cloth and thirty six Pair of 
Stockings, have been spun and knit in the family of Mr. 
James Nixon of this Town. 

Another Family in Town, within four Years past, hath 
manufactured 980 yards of Woollen and Linen Cloth, 
viz. in 1764, 340 Yards; in 1765 and 1766, 500 Yards; 
and in 1767, 140 Yards; besides two CoverUds and two 
Bedticks, and all the Stocking Yarn for the Family, Not 
a Skein was put out of the House to be spun, but the 
whole performed in the Family, 

We are credibly informed, that many Families in this 
Colony, within this Years past, have each manufactured 
upwards of seven hundred Yards of Cloth, of different 
kinds. 

These Instances of Industry are mentioned with a 
View to demonstrate how easily it will be for those 
Colonies, in a short Time, to be independent of any other 
Country, for Cloathing; and at the same Time to excite 
others to imitate Examples so highly beneficial to them- 
selves and the community. — News item from Newport, 
R. I., January 18, in The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, February 1, 1768. 

Journeymen Weavers. — We are told, that in the 
course of this week, upwards of 100 Journeyman weavers 
have engaged to go to New- York and Boston, where 
they are promised constant employment. (Doubtful). — 
News item from London, November 1, 1767, in The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy , February 1, 
1768. 

Knitting.^ — I can with Pleasure inform you, that 
Industry is so prevalent in this Metropolis, that within 
six Months a Lady of Distinction, tho' infirm, and of a 
very deUcate Constitution, has knit thirty-six Pairs of 
Stockings, besides having the Care of a large Family. 

8 An extract from a letter sent from a Gentleman at Amboy to a 
friend in New York. 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 261 

Tea is much laid aside here by the first Families, and 
it is confidently asserted that another Lady being preg- 
nant actually longed for Labrador Tea. — News item in 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, Feb- 
ruary 29, 1768. 

Weaver. — John Woods, Weaver, the Factory, at Fresh- 
Water, and right back of Mr. Obadiah Well's Takes this 
Method of informing the publick, that he intends to dye 
Cotton and Linen Yarn, the best blues, as cheap as in 
Europe, he likewise, will supply any Person with the best 
Checks and linens, and on the most reasonable Price. 
N.B. Any Person wanting any Work done by applying 
as above, may have it done in the best Manner, and on 
the shortest Notice. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, April 18, 1768. 

Woolen Manufactory. — Kelly & Culver, Beg Leave 
to inform their Friends, and the Public, That they have 
effectually established the New- York wollen manufac- 
tory, in Chapel-street, where is to be sold, wollen cloths 
of different kinds and prices, by wholesale and retail, 
executed in the best manner. A fulHng mill, and all its 
apparatus, being compleatly finished, is ready to take in 
all country and other goods, where due care will be 
observed, to finish such in the neatest and most expedi- 
tious manner. 

Kelly and Culver, express their highest sense of obliga- 
tion, to the particular gentlemen who have so generously 
extended their encouragement from the infancy of this 
manufacture to its present perfection. — The New York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, February 6, 1769. 

Wool Manufacture. — A Scheme, by James Popham, 
of Newark, in New-Castle County, for Manufacturing 
Two Hundred Stone of Wool, at Sixteen Pounds to each 
Stone, together with the Expences of Labour, Utensils, 
Houses, &c. which will employ the Number of Hands as 
mentioned underneath. 



262 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Expence of Utensils. 

1 Pair Wool-combs £ 3 

1 Pair Stock-cards, 12 

6 Pair Hand Ditto, 1 1 

Warping Mill, 2 

Twisting Mill for Worsted, 5 

4 Looms and Tackle, 12 

Furnace for dying, 20 

Fulling Mill 100 

Houses for carrying on the Work 100 

£243 13 
Expences of Wool, Dying Stuffs, & Workmens Wages 

200 Stone of Wool, at 24s. per Stone, £240 

Dying Stuflfs of all Sort, 30 

1 Comber may earn per Annum, 40 

4 Weavers ditto 160 

15 Spinners, 220 

3 Winders of Worsted and Yarn 35 

2 Boys, 30 

1 Manager, 100 

£855 

The Produce of one Year may be about 6000 Yards of 
different Sorts, such as Camblets, Callimancoes, Camble- 
tees, plain, striped^, and figured Stuffs, Druggets, Sag- 
gathies, German Serges, Everlastings, Plushes, &c. The 
aforesaid Number of Yards may be computed on an 
Average worth Four Shillings per Yard, which will 

amount to £1200 

Expences of Wool, &c 855 



Leaves an annual Profit of £ 345 

. . . — News item in The New- 
York Gazette or the Weekly Mercury, January 29, 1770. 

Weaving. — Such a spirit of Industry prevails among 
the Inhabitants of the Town of Lancaster, in Pennsyl- 
vania, that upwards of 27,739 Yards of Linens, stuff, &c. 
have been manufactured in that Town since the first of 
May 1769. — News item in The New-York Journal or the 
General Advertiser, June 28, 1770. 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 263 

Spinning. — We hear from New-Fairfield, in Connecti- 
cut, that the wife of Samuel Hungerford, of that Place, 
(who is 43 years of Age, and has now living 12 of her 
own children, and 5 Grand-children) on the 21st. Day 
of September last, spun by Day-light in about 12 Hours, 
on a common Spinning- Wheel, 126 Skeins of good fine 
Worsted Yarn, tho' under the Disadvantage of having a 
sucking Child to take care of. This can be attested by 
two young women who carefully reel'd the Yarn. The 
laudable Ambition of both Sexes, and all Degree of 
People in the British Colonies (notwithstanding the Dis- 
couragement of some few among them) still increases, 
to encourage Industry, Frugality and Manufactories 
among ourselves, that we may not long depend on the 
Necessaries of Life, upon those who would ungratefully 
take Advantage of our Necessities to deprive us of our 
natural Rights and Liberties. — News item in The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 29, 1770. 

Treatise on Weaving. — Proposals for printing by 
Subscription, A Treatise on Weaving. Consisting of 
near 300 different Draughts, with full and plain Direc- 
tions of the Preparations of the Yarn, Warping, and 
Weaving of Barrogan, Tammy, Durant, Paragon, 
Duroys, Sergedenim, Grogram, ... By David Valen- 
tine of Suffolk County, Long-Island. . . . — The New- 
York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, January 6, 1772. 

Weaver. — William Elliot, Weaver, Just arrived from 
Newcastle, Would be glad to serve any gentleman in that 
business; he has a very competent knowledge of the 
different branches of manufacturing linen, woollen and 
sail cloth to No. 1. For particulars enquire on board 
the ship Molly, Capt. Cowan, at Murray's Wharf. — 
Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, May 26, 1774. 

Fabrics 

Linens. — At Mr. Gouvernier's Storehouse on the 
Dock, near to Mr. John Reads there are all sorts of 



264 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Course Kearseys and Course Linnens and several sorts 
of Merchandize, to be Sold hy Allen Patchat, at very 
Reasonable Rates. — The New-York Gazette, December 
30, 1729- January 6, 1730. 

Calicoes. — John Brown at Mrs. Beurks over against 
the Market-house by Burgers Path sells all sorts of 
Linnens broad & narrow, striped & Flowered Muslings 
Callicoes, Alamodes, Diapers, Searsuckers, Linnen 
Checks, Fustians, Cambricks, Hankerchiefs and Rib- 
bands &c. at reasonable Rates and takes in Pay, flour, 
Bisket, Beef, pork & Gammons. — The New-York Gazette, 
May 19-26, 1729. 

European and East India Goods. — On the Monday 
the 17th of April, next at ten in the Morning there will 
be exposed to Sale at publick Vendue, on Credit, at the 
Store-house of David Clarkson over against the Fort, 
Sundry sorts of European and East India Goods, being 
the Remainders of several Cargoes, viz. Fine Spanish 
Cloths, Shaloons, Camblets, Camblet Stuffs, Callimin- 
coes, Durants, Enghsh Damasks, Ditto India, China 
Tafities, plain, striped and flowered Persians, Cherry- 
derries, Gingrams, Grograms, Sattins, Cheerconnies, 
Sooseys, Atchabannies, Threads, Mohair, Buttons, Calli- 
coes, Chints, Muslins, Garlicks, Hollands Linnen, Cam- 
bricks, Diapers, Books for Accounts, Indian Gunns, and 
Brush Ware, with several Parcels of Haberdashery, 
Cutlery, Iron Ware and other Goods. — The New-York 
Gazette, March 27- April 3, 1732. 

Fabrics. — Just Imported from England, and to be 
Sold by whole sale at a Store in Duke-street, over against 
the House of Mr. Samuel Bayard, a large Sortment of 
Goods, viz. Broad Cloths, Druggets, Duroys, Shalloons 
broad and narrow plain and striped Tammys, ditto 
Callimancoes, silk and worsted Camblets Mourning 
Crapes, worsted and cotton Stockings ditto Caps, New- 
fashion Buttons and Mohair, Linnen of divers sorts, 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 265 

Muslins, Handkerchiefs of many sorts, Bed-ticks, Fus- 
tians colour'd & white, fine and coarse, Hats Ribbons 
plain and flowered. Fans and Girdles, sewing and stiching 
Silk, Cutlery Ware of all sorts, Nails Sadlers Iron- 
mongery, Lace for Caps, Silver Lace for Hats and shoes. 
Brass and Copper Ware, with Abundance of other Things 
too tedious here to incert. — The New-York Gazette, May 
8-15, 1732. 

Kersey. — At the House of John Bell, Carpenter, over 
against Capt. Garret Van Home, there is to be Sold, 
Broad Cloths, Kersey's, Kersey Plains, Frize, Green Col- 
loured DuffiUs, Druggets, Shalloons, Mimikin Blew 
Bases, Frize, and Plains, and some Ready made Cloaths, 
&c. By Wholesale and Retail at Reasonable Rates. 
Also, looking Glasses, and Eight Day Clocks with Japan 
Cases. N.B. And he will Truck for Beef, Pork, Bread, 
Flouer, and Gammons. — The New-York Gazette, Dec. 
9-17, 1734. 

Irish Linen. — To be sold, near the House of Mr. 
Lynch on the New Dock, sundry Sorts of Irish Linnen 
from 2s. to 7s. on the most reasonable Terms, for ready 
Money. — The New-York Weekly Journal, December 
15, 1735. 

Fabrics. Just Imported, And to be Sold at a New 
Store in Hanover-Square near the Old Slip Market, 
Several sorts of Goods entirely fresh, Viz. Kerseys, 
Broad Cloths of most Prices, Cloth Serges, Druggets, 
Plushes, striped Cottens, Mourning Crapes, Plain & 
Flower'd Yard-wide Stuffs ; Flower'd Damasks & Ruffels ; 
Plain and Striped Callaminco's, and superfine Black 
Callaminco, Fine Worsted and Silk Camblets; best Lon- 
don & Bristol Shalloons ; Mens Caps, Stockings, Persians, 
Taffetys, Silk Damasks, Sattins, Cressets; Silk Paplins, 
Shaggareen, black Mantua, Paduasoys, Lutestring & 
Velvet; Checks of several sorts, Striped Hollands, Bed- 
Ticks, Fustians and Dimety; Dutch Holland of several 



266 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Prices; Cambricks, Chints, Callico's, Flower'd Linnens, 
. . .—The New-York Gazette, May 31- June 7, 1736. 

Fulling Mill.— The Grist Mill, FulHng MiU, with all 
the Utensils belonging to each of them which lately be- 
longed to Obadiah Wilhams. Absconded; are to be sold 
at pubUck Vendue on the 10th Day of March next, The 
Mills are in good order, the Grist Mill having good new 
Boulting cloaths, and the fulling mill has two dying 
furnaces two Pair of Shears, a Press House, a Press Plate, 
Screw, and other necessary Tools, . . . — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, February 6, 1738. 

European and East India Goods. — Sold at the Store 
house of David Clarkson . . . several sorts of European 
and East India goods . . . Cloths, Kersey's Druggets, 
Mohair, Buttons, Indian Damask, stript plain and Bird- 
Eye Taffeties, Strip't and plain MusUns, Callicoes, 
Chints, Romalls, Brawles, Guinea stuffs. Thread Laces, 
fine Cambricks, spotted Lawns, fine Laces and other 
Millanary's Hatts, Indian Guns and flower'd Brimston. 
—The New-York Gazette, September 18-25, 1738. 

Fabrics. — To be Sold by Shefield Howard, At his 
House, opposite the Rev. Mr. Vesey's, for Ready Money; 
Cambricks, Muslins, Ginghams, Chelloes, CaUicoes, 
Camblets, Cambletees, Ruffels, Callimancoes, Taffaties, 
Barcelona Handkerchiefs, Cotton Romalls, Scotch Hand- 
kerchiefs, Byjutaponts, Bed-Ticks, Double and Single 
AUopeens, Crapes, Duroys, Scarlet & Green Knaps, 
Cotton Caps, colour'd Threads, Mohair and Mettal But- 
tons, Felt Hats, Ozenbrigs . . . — The New-York Weekly 
Post-Boy, May 12, 1746. 

Lace. — Naphtaly Hart Meyers, Being removed oppo- 
site the Golden Key, in Hanover Square, continues to 
sell for ready Money or short Credit, the following 
Goods, Mechlin and Brussels Lace, Dresden Work, 12 yd. 
16 yd. and 18 yd. CaHcoes, English Chints, Persian white 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 267 

Padusoy, Ducape, white Satten, pink Persia, Silk 
Romals, spotted Bandanoes, Muslins, clear ditto. Lawn 
Handkerchiefs, flowered Minionet, 7-8, 3-4 Linnens, 
Russia ditto, Scotch Ozenbrigs, Ravens Duck, Broad 
Cloths and Shalloons, Barragons, corded Druggets, Saga- 
thies, brown Fustians and Dimettes, Bombazeens, 
Women crape Hatbands, ditto Love for Hoods, Wool 
Cards, . . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Post-Boy, May 5, 1755. 

Manufacturer. — This Day is opened at Hammers- 
ley's in Hanover Square New- York, By the Manufacturer 
Thomas Fogg, from Wigan in Lancashire, The Check 
Warehouse. Where are sold a very great Variety of 
Checks, Strip'd Cottons and other Manufactured Goods, 
as made at Manchester and Wagan, for Ready Cash or 
short Credit. He is really the Manufacturer, and all 
Merchants and others may be assured of being dealt with 
him on the most reasonable Terms. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, June 16, 1763. 

Shop Lifter. — Monday last a Woman lifted a couple 
of Pieces of Callico off of Mr. Milligan's Shop Window; 
but a Negro happily seeing it, immediately gave intelli- 
gence thereof; Whereupon Pursuit was made, the 
Woman overtaken, and the CaUico found upon her: 
She was carried before an Alderman, who committed her 
to Jail; and 'tis said she is to have her Trial To-day. — 
News item in The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, February 19, 1767. 

Linen. — Extract of a Letter from a Gentleman in Lon- 
don, to one of the Members of the Society for Arts in 
this City, dated July 22, 1767. ... The People of New- 
York, seem to me, to be too infatuated with a foreign 
Trade, ever to make any great Progress in Manufactures ; 
and unless you sell your Linnen, at least as cheap as they 
can have it from Silesia, Austria, Bohemia, and Russia, 
thro' England, Holland or Hamburg, I fear you will not 



268 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

establish an extensive Manufactury: — ^You live in as 
plentiful a Country as any, and your People might work 
as cheap : I don't mean in the City of New- York ; Cities 
are not calculated for Manufactures, since its always 
dearer living in them than in the Country. — News item 
in The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, Oc- 
tober 15, 1767. 

Linen. — Extract of a letter from a Gentleman in 
London, to one of the Society Manufactures in New- 
York August 26, 1767. 

I received a Piece of Linnen from the Society: — it 
being brown, I desired my Linnen Draper to get it 
bleach'd; he told me, that during 45 Years that he has 
been a Draper, he had never seen such an excellent Piece 
of Linnen; that as he had got a Fortune out of North 
America, it gave him Pleasure to hear it was Manufac- 
tured there, but as a Linnen Draper he was sorry for it. 
It has been 6 weeks on the Grass, and the Bleacher says 
it must be in his Hands 6 more, before it will be well 
whiten'd ; for that he never saw a Piece equal to it, and 
desired to know of what Fabrick it was. Such are the 
Praises of your Manufacture; I hope soon to see the 
Day, that we shall import great Quantities of Linnen 
from New- York, into this kingdom as well as from Ire- 
land and Scotland, and that Germany shall be excluded. 
— News item in The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, November 5, 1767. 

Shalloons and Serges. — By a Gentleman arrived in 
town from Perth Amboy, in America, we are informed, 
that a manufactory of Shaloons and serges, very good in 
quality, has lately been set on foot there ; and at Staten- 
Island they make blankets, ticking, &c. suflScient to 
supply the Country round. (I don't remember that there 
is one weaver in the capital part of Perth- Amboy, neither 
have the whole corporation sheep for a manufactory.) — 
News item from London, December 29, 1767, in The 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 269 

New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, March 21, 
1768. 

Broadcloth. — They write from Perth Amboy, in 
America, that many hundred yards of broad Cloth, lately 
manufactured there, had been sold at public vendue for 
12 s. sterling per yard, esteemed little inferior to the best 
English drab. — News item from London, March 12, in 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 
9, 1768. 

Broadcloth from the New- York Manufactory, to be 
sold, by Hercules Mulligan, Taylor: in Chapel Street. — 
The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, Sep- 
tember 22, 1768. 

Fulling Mill. — To Gentlemen, Farmers, &c. A 
Manufacturer, just arrived from England, has taken the 
FulHng-Mill of Mr. Polhemus, the South of Jamaica, on 
Long-Island, where all Sorts of Woollen Cloths, Serges, 
Linceys, &c. are completely dressed, and coloured in the 
English Manner; where all possible Care will be taken. 
Cloths, &c. is taken in at Mr. Richard Minifie's Shop- 
keeper, at the Fly-Market, at Mr. Samuel Casey's Silk 
Dyer, in Maiden-Lane; and at Mr, John Anderson's at 
the Ferry. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, December 4, 1769. 

Laces. — Henry Wilmot, in Hanover Square, near the 
Old-Slip market, Has a quantity of Exceeding Good rice 
which he will sell very cheap for Cash, also a parcel of 
blond and thread laces, gold laces, Vellums, and gold 
Mecklenburgh bindings, plain and figured modes, variety 
of figured sarsenets. . . . — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, January 1, 1770. 

Swanskin Blankets. — A Parcel of Swanskin Blan- 
kets, 9-4, and 10-4 wide, of the first Quality, to be sold 
at P. M'Davett's Store, near the Fly-Market. Also 



270 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

yellow and red Flannels, embossed Serges; Mens and 
Womens worsted Hose, with a few Pieces of superfine 
Cloths. — The New-York Journal or the General Adver- 
tiser, December 20, 1770. 

Woolen Cloths. — Stone and Price, Manufactures, 
Have imported in the Beaver, Captain Kemble, a large 
Assortment of Woolen Cloths, consisting of Broad- 
Cloths, German Serges, Bath Beaver, Naps, &c. &c. To 
be sold on the lowest Terms, for Cash for short Credit, 
at the Store of Mr. Ennis's opposite the Lutheran 
Church, Broad- Way. — The New-York Journal or the 
General Advertiser, December 27, 1770. 

Irish Linens, from 18 d. to 8 s. per Yard, Callicoes, 
Cottons and Chintzes, Tabborets, Moreens, &c. &c. to 
be sold upon very reasonable Terms, for Cash, three or 
six months Credit, by John Woodward, At his Store, near 
the Fly Market, who has also for Sale a Quanty of best 
New- York Rum. — The New-York Journal, December 
23, 1773. 

Venders of Fabrics 

Abeel & Neil's Vendue House. — sells Irish linens — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Janu- 
ary 9, 1769. 

Charles Arding. — Imports European materials. — The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post^Boy, 
April 16, 1750. 

Christopher Banoker. — Keeps store of materials. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 
5, 1773. 

Richard Bancker. — Imports materials from London 
at his Linen Drapery Store. — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, January 2, 1766. 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 271 

Sidney Breese. — Imports materials from London. — 
The New- York Mercury, June 1, 1761. 

Samuel Broome & Co. — Imports materials from Lon- 
don and Bristol. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Post-Boy, January 21, 1771. 

Samuel Browne. — Imports materials from London. 
— The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post- 
Boy, June 3, 1751. 

Campbell & Gault. — Sells materials at their store. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, March 
1, 1773. 

William Cobham. — Sells materials at the Sign of the 
Hand.— The New-York Mercury, February 13, 1758. 

John Dalglish. — Sells materials at the Sign of the 
Royal-Bed.— r/ie New-York Mercury, February 6, 1758. 

Benjamin Davies. — Imports materials from London. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
April 29, 1771. 

Mary Derham, Milliner, Imports materials from Lon- 
don.— T/ie New-York Gazette, September 10, 1759. 

Philip Doughty, Taylor at the Blue Ball imports 
materials from London. — The New-York Gazette, Sep- 
tember 10, 1759. 

Thomas Duncan. — Sells materials at his store in Wall 
Street. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, October 20, 1746. 

Abraham Duryee. — Imports materials from Europe. 
— The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
March 6. 1769. 



272 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

John Ernest. — Imports materials from London. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 
10, 1768. 

Susannah Faircloth. — Imports materials from Lon- 
don. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
February 10, 1772 (Supplement). 

John Fell. — Imports materials from London. — The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
May 27, 1751. 

Samuel Fourdet. — Imports materials from England. 
—The New-York Gazette, July 7-14, 1735. 

Walter Franklin & Co. Imports silks from London. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
February 3, 1772. 

Peter Gordon. — Sells materials at public vendue. — 
The New-York Mercury, April 1, 1765. 

Ennis Graham. — Imports materials from London and 
Bristol.— T/ie New-York Gazette, June 13, 1763. 



Thomas Gumersall. — Imports woollen goods from 
the manufacturer from Leeds, in Yorkshire. — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, February 6, 
1772. 

Hallett & Hazard. — Imports materials. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 29, 1771. 

Nathaniel & Samuel Hazard. — Imports materials 
from England. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the 
Weekly Post-Boy, November 2, 1747. 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 273 

John Hunt. — Imports materials from London. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 19, 
1772. 

Robert Hyslop. — Imports materials. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 5, 1773. 

John Lawrence, Jun. — Imports materials from Lon- 
don. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, June 20, 1748. 

Robert G. Livingston, Jun. — Imports materials. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Janu- 
ary 7, 1771. 

John R. Martin. — Imports materials from Bristol. 
— The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post^ 
Boy, August 29, 1748. 

Patrick M'Davitt. — Vendue store sells assortment of 
Irish Linens. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, December 25, 1769. 

William Neilson. — Imports materials from Liverpool 
and London. — The New-York Mercury, August 17, 1767 
(Supplement). 

John Merrett. — Imports materials from Europe. — 
The New-York Weekly Journal, November 10, 1740. 

Eleazer Miller, Jun. — Imports materials from Lon- 
don. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
October 10, 1768. 

John Milligan. — Imports materials. — The New-York 
Gazette, September 10, 1759. 

Moore & Lynsen. — Materials sold at auction rooms. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1769. 



274 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

John Morgan. — Imports materials from England. — 
The New-York Weekly Journal, November 8, 1742. 

John Morton. — Sells the remains of his stock. — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 30, 
1769. 

Murray & Pearsall. — Imports materials from Lon- 
don. — The New-York Gazette, September 10, 1759. 

John R. Myer. — Imports materials from London. — 
The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
February 20, 1749. 

John Reade. — Imports materials. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 8, 1771. 

John Schuyler. — Imports materials from London and 
Bristol. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, January 7, 1771. 

Templeton & Stewart. — Materials sold at the new 
auction rooms. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, July 17, 1769. 

John Waddel. — Imports materials. — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, October 22, 
1750. 

Charles Watkins. — Imports materials from London. 
— The New-York Evening Post, November 2, 1747. 

Thomas Charles Willett. — Sells materials. — The 
New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, October 
5, 1769. 

Thomas & John Willet. — Imports materials from 
London. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, September 12, 1748. 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 275 

William Wilson. — Imports materials from London. — 
The New-York Gazette, February 7, 1763. 

John Woodward. — Imports materials. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 25, 1774. 

William Wright. — Imports materials from London. 
— The New-York Mercury, December 17, 1753. 

Needlework 

Teaches Needlework. — Martha Gazley, late from 
Great Britain, now in the City of New- York, Makes and 
Teacheth the following Curious works. Viz. Artificial 
Fruit and Flowers, and Wax-work, Nuns-work, Philli- 
gree and Pencil Work upon Muslin, all sorts of Needle- 
Work, and Raising of Paste, as also to Paint upon Glass, 
and Transparant for Scones, with other Works. . . . — 
The New-York Gazette, December 13-21, 1731. 

Stockings. — All sorts of Stockings new grafted and 
run at the Heels, and footed; also Gloves, mittens and 
Children's Stockings made out of Stockings; Likewise 
plain work done by Elizabeth Boyd, at the Corner House 
opposite to Mr. Vallete's. — The New-York Gazette Re- 
vived in the Weekly Post-Boy, September 26, 1748, 

Plain Work. — Lately arriv'd in this city from Great 
Britain, Mrs. Mary Gray, who professes teaching all sorts 
of Plain Work in the Neatest manner, Dresden work in 
all its varieties; Ladies capuchins, and childrens frocks 
in the newest fashion. Ladies that have a desire of seeing 
any of her work, may see it at Capt. Heysham's, in the 
upper end of Broad-Street, near the City-Hall, where 
the said Mrs. Gray Teaches. Likewise teaches to work 
ladies gloves. — The New-York Mercury, October 8, 1753. 

Gold Lace. — John Forrest, Taylor, is removed from 
Smith's Fly, to the Sign of the Gold-Lac'd Waistcoat, at 



276 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

the corner of the Moravian Church Street, being a few- 
doors above the Horse and Cart; where gentlemen and 
others, may have either plain, gold or silver lace work, 
done in a plain, or full laced manner, as compleat, and 
as much to their satisfaction as in London. — The New- 
York Mercury, May 19, 1755. 

Quilting. — Mrs. Carroll proposes teaching young 
Ladies plain work, Samplars, French Quilting, knoting 
for Bed Quilts or Toilets, Dresden, flowering on Cat Gut, 
Shading (with Silk or Worsted on Cambrick, Lawn, or 
Holland.— r/ie New-York Mercury, May 6, 1765. 

Needlework. — . . . But my Wife's notion of educa- 
tion differ widely from mine. She is an irreconcileable 
enemy to Idleness, and considers every State of life as 
Idleness, in which the hands are not employed or some 
art acquired, by which she thinks money may be got or 
saved. 

In pursuance of this principle, she calls up her Daugh- 
ters at a certain hour, and appoints them a task of 
needle-work to be performed before breakfast. . . . 

By this continual exercise of their diligence, she has 
obtained a very considerable number of labourious per- 
formances. We have twice as many fire-skreens as 
chimneys and three flourished quilts for every bed. Half 
the rooms are adorned with a kind of futile pictures 
which imitate tapestry. But all their work is not set out 
to shew; she has boxes filled with knit garters and 
braided shoes. She has twenty coverns for side-saddles 
embroidered with silver flowers, and has curtains wrought 
with gold in various figures, which she resolves some time 
or other to hang up. . . . 

About a month ago. Tent and Turkey-stitch seemed 
at a stand ; my Wife knew not what new Work to intro- 
duce; I ventured to propose that the Girls should now 
learn to read and write, and mentioned the necessity of 
a little arthmetick; but, unhappily, my Wife has dis- 
covered that linen wears out, and has bought the Girls 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 277 

three little wheels, that they may spin hukkaback for 
the servants table. I remonstrated, that with larger 
wheels they might dispatch in an hour, what must now 
cost them a day; but she told me, with irresistable 
authority, that any business is better than Idleness ; that 
when these wheels are set upon a table, with mats under 
them, they will turn without noise, and keep the Girls 
upright; that great wheels are not fit for Gentlewomen; 
and that with these, small as they are, she does not doubt 
but that the three Girls, if they are kept close, will spin 
every year as much cloth as would cost five pounds, if 
one was to buy it. — A letter to the Printer in The New- 
York Mercury, October 16, 1758. 

Embroiderer. — Levy Simons, Embroiderer from Lon- 
don, informs the Ladies and Gentlemen, That, besides 
Gold and Silver, he works in Silk and Worsted, Shading ; 
likewise Robins and Facings, Shoes &c. He Cleans Gold 
and Silver lace, takes Spots out of Silk and Cloths, &c. 
&c. to be heard of at I. Abrahams, near the Kings Arms. 
— The NeuhYork Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
November 6, 1758. 

Shading With Silk or Worsted. — Mary Bosworth, 
Lately from London, takes this method to inform the 
public, that she has opened a school in Cortlandt street, 
near Mr. John Lary's ; wherein she teaches young masters 
and misses to read, and learn them all sorts of verse; 
she likewise learns young ladies plain work, samplairs, 
Dresden flowering on cat gut, shading with silk or 
worsted, on Cambrick, lawn, or Holland: she draws all 
sorts of lace in the genteelest manner. Those gentlemen 
and ladies that will be pleased to favour her with care 
of their Children, may be assured that she will make 
them her chief study to deserve their approbation. — The 
New-York Mercury, May 20, 1765. 

Flowering. — I Take this Method to inform the Pub- 
lick, that I intend keeping a Sewing-School, on Golden 



278 TETE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Hill, next Door to the Sign of the Harp and Crown, on 
the first day of May next, and will teach young Ladies 
to flower on Cambrick, Lawn, Gauze, or Muslin, scollop- 
ing of Catgut, crowning and flowering of Children's Caps, 
as also working of Samplers and sewing of plain work. 
Those Ladies who please to encourage me may depend 
on their being carefully instructed in the above men- 
tioned, and several Pieces of Needle Work too tedious 
to mention. By their humble Servant. Isabella Jones. — 
The New-York Mercury, April 27, 1767. 

Plain Work. — Mrs. Edwards, Lately from England, 
Begs Leave to acquaint the Public, that she proposes 
opening a School and Boarding, for young Ladies, on 
Monday the 9th of October 1768, opposite Mr. Benjamin 
Moore's Sail-maker, near Peck's-Slip where will be 
taught — 

Reading, all kinds of plain Work, Samplers, Cat Gut, 
Dresden Work, imitation of Lace, Sprigging on Muslin 
and Lawn; likewise all kind of Needle Work most in 
Fashion in Europe; and she will instruct young Ladies 
to make up their own Things in the Millenary Way, &c. 
Ladies and Gentlemen, may depend on the greatest Care 
being taken for the Improvement of such Children as are 
under her tuition. 

N.B. Young Ladies, either in Town or Country, may 
be boarded after the genteelest Manner and easiest 
Terms. — The New-York Journal or General Advertiser, 
October 13, 1768 {Supplement) . 

Needlework. — Clementina & Jane Ferguson move 
their school . . . teach . . . reading, writing, plain 
needle work, sampler, crowning, Dresden and catgut; 
shading in silk on hoUand or cambrick, and in silk or 
worsted on canvass ; as also all sorts of needlework in use 
for dress or furniture . . . — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, April 17, 1769. 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 279 

Embroiderer. — Bernard Andrews, Embroiderer, in 
Broad-Street, at Michael Houseworth's, nearly opposite 
his Excellency General Gage's; Makes and mends all 
Sorts of Embroidery Work, in Gold, Silver and Silk, for 
Ladies and Gentlemen, in the newest and neatest 
Fashion; likewise Pulpit Cloaths and Tossels. He like- 
wise buys, cleans, and mends, old Gold and Silver Lace. 
Said Andrews makes and sells all kinds of Paper Work 
in the neatest Manner, as Hat, Patch, and Bonnet Boxes, 
at the most reasonable Rates. 

If any Ladies should have an inclination to learn Em- 
brodiery, or any of the above-mentioned Work, he will 
attend them either at his Lodgings, or at their own 
Houses, as it shall best suit. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, April 16, 1770. 

Work on Canvas. — Sarah Hay, Takes this method 
to inform the public, that she purposes to open a Board- 
ing School, the first of May next, in the house where 
she formerly lived, in Smith-street. She undertakes to 
teach young Ladies reading English with the greatest 
correctness and propriety, both prose and verse; plain 
work, dresden, catgut, and all kinds of Collar'd work, on 
canvass and camblet; all in the neatest manner and 
newest taste. She instructs them in the strictest prin- 
ciples of religion and morality, and in the most polite 
behaviour, and takes the utmost care to instruct them 
in a perfect knowledge of the subjects they read, (as far 
as their capacity can take) and provides the principal 
part of the books proper for their improvement, at her 
own expence. She also takes day scholars, which will 
have the same improvement as the boarders. If any 
that board their children choose they should learn the 
French language, she will have a master attend at her 
house. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, March 29, 1773. 

Worker in Tambour and Embroidery. — Mrs. Cole, 
from London, worker in Tambour and Embroidery, Has 



280 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

taken apartments at Mr. Matthew Ernest's, opposite the 
Mr. Andrew Hammersley's, near Coenties Market; where 
she works in Tambour ladies robes, ruffles, muffs, tippets, 
work bags, quadrille baskets, gentlemen's waiscoats, knee 
garters, sword knots, &c. Any Ladies and Gentlemen 
who favour her with their commands, may depend upon 
her best endeavours to please, particularly in propriety 
of shading elegance of design. N.B. She teaches Ladies 
the Tambour Work expeditiously, and on the most rea- 
sonable terms. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, September 6, 1773. 

Tambour Work. — William and Sarah Long, from Lon- 
don, Have taken the house lately inhabited by Captain 
M'Donald in King-Street, and have opened a boarding 
and day School, for educating Young Ladies in reading, 
writing, arithmetic, needle work, &c. Also the Tambour 
compleatly taught, in gold, silver, silk and cotton. The 
strictest attention is given to morals and behaviour of 
the young ladies. Grown Ladies may be taught the 
tambour by lesson, as a room is set apart for that pur- 
pose. A Compleat assortment of the very best tambour 
silk for shading, are provided, with the best needles and 
cases, and will be sold at the lowest prices. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, March 7, 1774. 

Prices Quoted. — Mrs. Cole, Tambour and Embroid- 
erer, at Mr. Wilks's, near the Exchange, Begs leave to 
inform the public, that she continues to teach the tam- 
bour for a Half Johannes each person. Ladies will be 
waited on at their own houses, one hour in the day, for 
Five Pounds currency, each, or Five Shillings a lesson. 
Those who please to favour her with that honour, may 
depend on her utmost assiduity to instruct them in the 
tambour, in mushn, open work, the elegance of shading, 
to spangle and purl. . . . 

N.B. Ladies gown neatly work'd, silk and drawing, 
for Two Dollars per yard ; suits of linen done very cheap, 
gentlemen's waistcoats done from 24 s. to 40 s. and in 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 281 

gold 3 £ to 5 £ ruffles, sword knots, &c. done on reason- 
able terms; and shoes work'd for One Dollar. Frames to 
be sold from 16 s. to 3 £. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, April 4, 1774. 

Cleaning and Dyeing of Fabrics 

Spots Removed. — Daniel Wright, now living in Mr. 
Pecks Slip near the Ship- Yard, in the City of New- York, 
can clean all sorts of Cloath's or Cloths, likewise Silks, 
Sattins, Velvet, Stuffs &c. And takes out all Manner of 
Spots or Stains whatsoever, and brings it to it's former 
Colour again; any Gentleman or Merchant, or others 
that have a mind to imploy him in any Thing above 
mentioned shall be serv'd at reasonable rate by Daniel 
Wright— The New-York Evening Post, July 7, 1746. 

Dry Scourer. — Thomas Davis, Dry-Scourer from 
London, now lives at the House of Mr. Benjamin Leigh, 
School-Master, in Bridge-street, near the Long Bridge, 
New- York; where he cleans all sorts of Gentlemen and 
Ladies Cloaths, Gold and Silver Lace, Brocades and 
imbroidered Work, Points d' Espagne, Cuffs and Robings, 
Wrought Beds, Hangings and Tapestry, flower'd Velvets 
and Chints, without hurting their Flowers, at a reason- 
able Rate. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the New- 
York Weekly Post-Boy, September 17, 1750. 

Dry Scouring and Silk Dyeing. — Samuel & Marma- 
duke Foster, from Philadelphia, begs leave to acquaint 
the Publick, that they do carry on the Business of Dry- 
Scowring and Silk-Dying, at their House In Prince- 
Street, opposite Mr. Gautier, where they dye all Sorts 
of Silks and Broad-Cloths, takes Stains and Mildues out 
of all kinds of Stuffs, Silks, Broad-Cloths, Fustians, and 
Woollens; they also dye whole Pieces of Ribbons of any 
Colour, either for Merchants or Shopkeepers; they like- 
wise cleans, and dyes all Sorts of Silk Gowns either plain 
or water'd, in the neatest Manner; they also clean long 



282 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

or short Scarlet, or other colour'd Clokes. These Gentle- 
men and Ladies that please to favour them with their 
Work, may depend on having it done in the best Manner 
and quickest Dispatch. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, August 9, 1756. 

Silk Dyeing and Scouring. — John Hickey, Silk-Dyer 
and Scowerer, from Dublin, Hving in the House and Place 
of Mr. James Willson, (much known for the said Busi- 
ness) purposes to scower Men and Women's Garments, 
either wet or dry, to dye all Sorts of Colours on Silk, 
Cloth, Linnen, Cotton, Leather, &c. All Gentlemen, 
Ladies and others, willing to favour him with their Cus- 
tom, may depend on being well served at the most 
reasonable Prices, by the Subscriber, living opposite to 
the late Alderman Cortlandt's. — The New-York Gazette 
or the Weekly Post-Boy, November 22, 1756. 

Washing. — Silk Stockings washed and brought to a 
proper Colour, in the nicest and best Manner; at One 
ShilHng a Pair by Mary Callander, in the Carter's-street, 
directly opposite to Colonel De Lancey's, in the Broad- 
Way. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
May 21, 1759. 

Silk and Cloth Dyeing. — Moore and Collins, Silk 
and Cloth-Dyers from London, at Sign of the Two Blue 
Balls and Hand, in the Broad-Way, near Oswego Market, 
Scours and Dyes all kinds of Silks, Sattins, Cloths, 
Camblets, scarlet Cloaks, Stuffs, Brocades, Damasks, &c. 
with the utmost Dispatch, and as neat as in London. 
—The New-York Gazette, April 23, 1764. 

Silk Dyer and Scourer. — Dallas, Silk Dyer and 
Scourer, from London, at the Sign of the Dove and Rain- 
bow, in Chappel Street, New-York; Cleans and Dyes all 
Sorts of Silks, Satins, Velvets, Ducapes, Padusoys, Bro- 
cades, Bedhangings, &c. Scarlet and Camblet Cloth 
Cloaks and Cardinals, Clean'd or dyed. He will likewise 
engage to dye or take Spots out of Broad Cloth, or Silks, 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 283 

let them be ever so much damaged, that they shall look 
equal to any new imported. As he hath every necessary 
Dye-Stuff, and proper Utensils superior to any ever 
erected in America, and having served a regular Appren- 
ticeship to the Business, he flatters himself he cannot 
fail of giving general Satisfaction. N.B. Gentlemen's 
Clothes, either laced or plain, cleaned to the greatest 
Perfection.— jT/ie New-York Gazette, June 23, 1766. 

Silk Dyer and Scourer. — Samuel Casey, Silk Dyer 
and Scowerer, from London, Begs Leave to return Thanks 
to Ladies and Gentlemen, (those in particular who have 
favoured him with their Commands since his Commence- 
ment of Business in this City) and to the Public in 
general, for the Encouragement he has received; and 
informs them that he has set going a blue vat for dying 
any Sorts of blue, either Woollen, Silk or Linen, at his 
House in Maiden Lane, nigh the Fly-Market, where he 
continues to dye all Colours, as usual on the lowest 
Terms. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, August 21, 1769. 

Silk Dyer and Scourer. — Henry Brabazon, Silk-dyer 
and Dry-scower, from Europe, late from Philadelphia, 
now residing at the Sign of the Two Dyers, in Mr. 
Brassier's House on Golden-Hill, near the Harp and 
Crown: Dyes Saxon greens and Saxon blues; also cot- 
ton and wollen or linen, dyes a good blue, and several 
other colours ; and retrieves and re-dyes scarlets damaged 
at Sea or otherwise: He likewise cleans gentlemen and 
ladies clothes, scarlet roqueleaus, long and short cloaks, 
silver orris and brocades, without damaging the ground 
or flower, in as neat a manner as those done in London. 
He also dyes and cleans plain and flower'd velvets, and 
raises the pile again ; takes mildews from goods damaged 
by salt water, or otherwise, and dyes cotton velvet as 
fine a black, and to as good perfection, as those in Man- 
chester; . . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, July 16, 1770. 



284 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Dyeing and Cleaning. — To the Gentlemen and 
Ladies of the City of New- York, and the Public in gen- 
eral, Dying, scouring, cleaning and pressing of cloths, 
silks and clothes of every kind ; as also stoving or white- 
ning blankets, swanskins, silk stockings or silks of any 
kind; also damaged cloths of any colour, cleaned and 
pressed; and made equal to what they were at first by 
Thomas Rhodes, in Gold-Street, on Golden-Hill, New- 
York, who for many Years, followed the dying business 
in Great Britain and Ireland. Scarlet cloaks cleaned or 
dyed in the best manner, by said Rhodes. — The New- 
York Journal or General Advertiser, January 10, 1771. 

Dyers. — These are to inform the Public, That the 
manufactory lately carried on by Washington and Gant, 
at Oyster-bay, on Long-Island, Queen's County, will still 
be carried on by Messrs Hunt and Chew, who having 
furnished themselves with all manner of utensils and 
proper ingredients from England, doth undertake to dye 
all manner of wooded blues and greens, Saxon green, fay 
and pay greens, and all sorts of ware Colours, and grain'd 
Colours, if required; also Unen and cotton yarn dyed 
blue, so as it will be warranted to stand ; and the public 
may depend on having their cloth finish'd off in the 
neatest manner; also shalloons, tammies, or camblets 
water'd or glaz'd in any colour, and at as reasonable a 
price as can be afforded ; also they will take wool or yarn 
to make into cloth. 

N.B. Said Washington having been at an immense 
expence to procure said workmen, can assure his cus- 
tomers that he hath had the pleasure to prove both said 
workmen, as they came from the west of England about 
two years ago, and find them men very capable of their 
business. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, September 23, 1771. 

Dyeing and Scouring. — Baker and Yearsley, Silk 
Dyers and Scowerers from London, Beg leave to inform 
the public in general, that they have begun their business 



FABRICS AND NEEDLEWORK 285 

in all its various branches, at the upper end of Maiden- 
Lane, near Doctor Vanburen's ; such as dying, scowering, 
and dressing all kinds of silk, in the piece or garment, 
&c. Gentlemen cloaths either wet or dry scowered. 
They likewise clean and dye scarlet cloaks, coats and 
jackets, or any kind of scarlet cloth, and make the colour 
fresh and beautiful. They dye and dress camblets, 
cambletees, and grograms; clean Turkey and wilton car- 
pets, and make the colour quite fresh. As they have 
erected every thing convenient for carrying on their 
business, they hope to give satisfaction to all those that 
please to favour them with their commands, and may 
depend on having it perform'd as well as in London. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
December 23, 1771. 

Calender. — To inform the Publick, That there is 
erected of the best construction, an elegant new Calender, 
for smoothing all sorts of Hnen and cotton cloaths; It is 
carried on in the same manner as in Great-Britain, where 
they are esteem'd greatly superior to smoothing-irons, 
both for beauty, advantage, and safety in preserving 
colours and making them look equally good as when new. 
. . . Cloaths are taken in at Mrs. Jane Wilson's, the 
corner of the Fly-market, at the following prices viz. 
Sheets, 6d. each pair or 5s. per doz. window curtains 6d. 
per set, women gowns 6d. each, women's sack and petty- 
coat 6d. womens pettycoats 3d. each . . . — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, August 3, 1772 

Washing of all kinds for Gentlemen and Ladies, Done 
in the best Manner, and on the most reasonable Terms, 
by Mary Campbell, (In Kings-Street, next Door to Mr. 
M'Ready, Shoemaker). Particularly silk stockings, 
chintzes &c. which she washes so as to preserve the gloss 
and colour, and make them look as well as when new — 
also linen of all kinds, laces &c. — The New-York Journal 
or the General Advertiser, June 17, 1773 {Supplement). 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 

Actors. — Last Week arrived here a Company of 
Comedians from Philadelphia, who we hear, have taken 
a convenient Room for their Purpose, in one of the 
Buildings lately belonging to the Hon. Rip Van Dam, 
Esq., deceased, in Nassau-street; where they intend to 
perform as long as the Season lasts, provided they meet 
with suitable Encouragement. — News item in The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1750. 

Actor. — By advice of his Friends, Mr. Kean causes to 
be presented this evening, for his benefit, (instead of 
what was advertised in our last) a Comedy called the 
Busy Body, with the Virgin unmask'd; with singing by 
Mr. Woodham, particularly the celebrated Ode call'd 
Britain's Charter. 

As this will positively be the last Time of Mr. Kean's 
appearing on the Stage, he humbly hopes all Gentlemen, 
Ladies, and others, who are his Well-wishers, will be as 
kind as to favour him with their Company. Tickets to 
be had at the Theatre, and at the New Printing Office 
in Bever-street. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the 
Weekly Post-Boy, April 29, 1751. 

Actor. — Lewis Hallam, Comedian, intending for 
Philadelphia, begs the favour of those that has any 
demands upon him, to bring in their accounts, and re- 
ceive their money. — The New-York Mercury, March 18, 
1754. 

Actor. — Mr. Douglass, Who came here with a Com- 
pany of Comedians, having apply'd to the Gentlemen in 
Power for Permission to Play, has (to his great Mortifi- 

286 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 287 

cation) met with a positive and absolute Denial: He 
has in vain represented, that such are his Circumstances, 
and those of the other Members of the Company, that 
it is impossible for them to move to another Place ; and 
tho' in the humblest Manner he begg'd the Magistrates 
would indulge him in acting as many Plays as would 
barely defray the Expences he and the Company have 
been at, in coming to this City, and enable them to 
proceed to another; he has been unfortunate enough to 
be peremptorily refused it. As he has given over all 
Thoughts of acting, he begs Leave to inform the Publick, 
that in a few Days he will open An Histrionic Academy,^ 
of which proper Notice will be given in this Paper. — The 
New-York Mercury, November 6, 1758. 

Actor. — The Mandolin. By Mr. Wall, Comedian. 
Those ladies and gentlemen who may think proper to 
employ him, by sending to his lodgings at Mr. Thomas 
Petit's, will be immediately waited on. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 19, 1773. 

Actors. — By letters from Charlestown we are in- 
formed, that the Government of South-Carolina and 
Georgia, had prohibited all Trade and Intercourse with 
the Creek Indians. The Theatre in that City was closed, 
after performing fifty-one Plays; and that Mr. Lewis 
Hallam, and Mr. WooUs, were embarked for England. 
The Rest of the Company are expected very soon in 
this City. — News item in The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, June 27, 1774. 

Anodyne Necklace. — Imported from London, and to 
be sold by the Printer hereof; (Price 16 s.) The famous 
Anodyne Necklace for Children's Teeth recommended in 
England by Dr. Chamberlen, with a Remedy to open 
and ease the sore Gums of toothing Children, and bring 
their Teeth safely out. 

1 In The New-York Mercury, December 11, 1758, David Douglass 
denied a statement which accused him of having opened his Academy 
to "Act Plays, without the consent of the Magistracy." 



288 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Children on the very Brink of the Grave, and thought 
past all Recovery with their Teeth, Fits, Fevers, Convul- 
sions, Hooping and other violent Coughs, Gripes, Loose- 
nesses &c. all proceeding from their Teeth, who cannot 
tell what they suffer, nor make known their Pains, any 
other Way, but by their Cryings, and Moans; have 
almost miraculously recovered, after having worn the 
famous Anodyne Necklace but one Night's Time. A 
Mother, then, would never forgive herself whose Child 
should die, for Want of so very easy a Remedy, for its 
Teeth. And What is particularly remarkable of this 
Necklace, is this, that of those vast Numbers who have 
had this Necklace for their Children, none have made 
Complaints, but express how glad they have been, that 
their Children would have been in their Graves. All 
Means having been used in vain, till they had this Neck- 
lace. — The New-York Gazette revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, October 17, 1748. 

Baker. — William Muckelvain, Baker, at the Sign of 
the Three Bisquets, on Pot-Baker Hill, will continue to 
heat his Oven at Ten o'Clock, every Day during the 
warm Weather, for baking Dishes of Meats, Pyes, &c. 
N.B. He likewise continues baking of Flour into Bread 
for Family Use, &c. — The New-York Gazette, April 18, 
1763. 

Baker. — Sarah Sells, Muffin-Maker, in Broad-Street: 
Takes this Method of informing her Friends, and the 
Publick in general, that she continues making Muffins 
and Crumpets hot twice every Day; humbly thanks her 
Friends for their former Favours, and intreats Continu- 
ance of them, which she will make it her constant 
Endeavour to deserve, and which will be ever gratefully 
acknowledged. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, February 29, 1768. 

Balancing Exhibition. — The Noted Henry Hymes, 
Lately from Sadler's- Wells, begs Leave to acquaint the 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 289 

Public, that he has had the Honour to perform before 
most of the Nobility and Gentry in Europe and America, 
and will perform to-morrow Evening, and continue the 
same every other Evening, Sunday excepted, at the 
House of Mr. Miller, near the Oswego-Market as follows. 

First, he balances a Ladder with four chairs upon his 
Chin, takes it off with one Hand and rises with it. 

Second, He raises an Iron Bar 35 lb. Weight, and 
swings it on the out-side of his Thum, without the Help 
of his Fingers. 

Third, He balances a Pyramid near six Feet high, with 
12 Wine Glasses full of Liquor, on his Chin. 

Fourth, He balances a Number of naked Swords on his 
bare Fore-head. 

Fifth, He balances a naked Sword, as a Needle, on the 
Edge of a Wine- Glass, and makes it spin as swift as 
the Wind. With several other curious and surprising 
Balances, such as Pipes, Tables, Plates, Hoops and Straw 
&c. &c. 

With a curious Magick Lanthorn, which presents sev- 
eral images near six Feet high, &c. &c. with five Images 
dancing to a Piece of Musick in the Form of Clock-work. 

Price for grown persons 2s. and Is. for Children. 
Tickets to be had at the House of the Performance, with 
good Musick to entertain the Company, particularly by 
Mr. Hymes, on a new invented instrument made by 
himself. 

Gentlemen and Ladies, who will please to favour him 
with their company, he makes no doubt of gaining their 
applause. — The New-York Mercury, April 13, 1767. 

Balancing Exhibition. — By Permission of His Wor- 
ship Whitehead Hicks, Esq; Mayor of New- York. 
Benjamin Abram, Who has had the honour of perform- 
ing before the Kings of Prussia and Denmark, &c. will, 
on Tuesday the 9th, and Thursday the 11th inst. at the 
house of Mr. Robert Hull, in the Broadway, at VI o'clock 
in the evening. Exhibit Balancing. 



290 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

I. Sets a chair on his forehead, and balances it by 
musick. 

II. Sets a wine glass to his mouth and puts the point 
of a sword on the edge of the glass, and lets the sword 
spin round. 

III. Claps a plate on the top of the sword and lets it 
spin round on the edge of the glass. 

IV. Takes a tobacco pipe of eight inches long and puts 
the end of it on the edge of the glass, and the sword in 
the bowl of the pipe. 

V. Balances a peacock's feather and himself with one 
foot. 

VI. Balances the peacock's feather upon his nose, lays 
down upon his back and gets up again by musick. 

VII. Makes the feather jump from one part of his 
body to another, up and down. 

VIII. Balances the feather streight forward. 

IX. Balances 6 or 7 pipes one upon another. . . . — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, No- 
vember 8, 1773. 

Blacksmith. — George Appleby, Black-smith, who 
lately lived on the New Dock, near the Major Vanhorne's 
is removed into the little Street near Mr. Harmanus 
Rutgers's, where he continues to make Axes after the 
best Fashion, which he warrants to be good: He Hke- 
wise makes and sells all Sorts of Edge Tools, at reasonable 
Rates. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, March 14, 1748. 

Bottling Beer. — Benjamin Williams, from Bristol, 
Begs leave to acquaint his friends, and the pubhc in 
general, that he is remov'd ... he intends carrying on 
the business of bottling beer as usual. Repeated trials 
have prov'd it will stand the West-Indies. Captains of 
vessels may be supplied with what quantity they please, 
on the shortest notice, at ten shillings per dozen ; gentle- 
men in town (for present use) on the same terms, or 
seven shiUings, if they return the bottles. 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 291 

N.B. Fine cyder of a peculiar quality and flavour, per 
dozen as above. A good price will be given for empty 
quart bottles. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, May 23, 1774. 

Bell Hanger.- — Lately come to this City from Phila- 
delphia, John Elliott, who hangs House and Cabin Bells, 
in the neatest and most convenient Manner, as done at 
London, with Cranks and Wires, which are not liable to 
be put out of Order, as those done with PuUies. He Also 
gives ready Money for broken Looking-Glasses ; and may 
be heard of at John Haydock's, in the Fly, opposite 
Beekman's Slip. N. B. His Stay in Town will be but 
short. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
August 16, 1756. 

Boat Builder. — Noah Toveker, shipwright at Say- 
brook, in Connecticut, will undertake to build vessels of 
any kind, for privateers, or merchantmen, on reasonable 
terms, he having all the materials and a sufl&cient num- 
ber of hands ready to go to work immediately. — The 
New-York Mercury, November 29, 1756. 

Boat Builder. — This is to give Notice, that John 
Stocker, Ship Wright, has set up a Yard to grave, mend, 
on new Plank any Vessels for any Ton, Boats, Sloops, or 
any, to one Hundred and Twenty Tons, and has got 
Plank, Oakum, Pitch, Turpentine, and all sorts of Neces- 
saries, and can and will give good Attendance to any one 
that pleases to come to him. The said John Stocker Hves 
on Long-Island, in the Township of Hempstead, on Cow- 
Neck, at the Mouth of Dogee's Creek, near Stephen 
Thorn's, about half way or better up Cow-Bay, on the 
North-East Shore, where there is a good Harbour, good 
Bottom and smooth Water. — The New-York Mercury, 
June 1, 1761. 

2 This was the first illustrated advertisement of a craftsman to appear 
in a New York City newspaper. 



292 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Boat Builders. — This Day was launched the Ship 
Britannia, built by Messrs. Totten and Crosfield, for 
Captain Thomas Miller; supposed to excel in all Re- 
spects, any Ship heretofore built in this Continent. — The 
New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, August 
17, 1769. 

Boat Builders. — City of New- York. Peter Arell, of 
said city, Boat Builder, being duly sworn upon the Holy 
Evangelists of Almighty God, deposeth and saith, that 
the boat or barge which Mr. Henry Sheaf was lately 
building for his Majesty's ship Asia, and destroyed by 
some person or persons unknown to this deponent, and 
that he neither advised, aided, or abetted in destroying 
said boat, and this deponent further saith, that he hath 
not been in said Henry Sheaf's work-shop for four years 
last past, and further saith not. Peter Arell. Sworn the 
2d day of October, 1775, before me Benjamin Blagge, 
Alderman. — The Constitutional Gazette, October 7, 1775. 

Bookkeeper. — Any Merchant, or others, that wants a 
Book-Keeper, or their Accounts started after the best 
Methods, either in private Trade or Company, may hear 
of a Person Quahfied. Enquire at the Post OfiSce or 
Coffee-House.— T/ie New-York Gazette, July 7-14, 1729. 

Brush Maker. — Richard Fitzgerald, Brush-Maker 
from London, now living at the House of Mr. Taylor, 
Hatter, near the Old SUp Market, Makes and sells all 
sorts of Brushes and Mops, such as Painter's, Hatter's, 
Scowrers, Barber's, & Weaver's Brushes, Stair, House & 
Hearth Brushes of all kinds. Shoe and Buckles Brushes, 
Horse Brushes, Hair Brooms and Flesh Brushes; with all 
sorts of double & singled wired, besides several other 
sorts too tedious to mention. All Gentlemen and others 
who will please to favour him with their custom, may 
depend on meeting with civil Usage. N.B. Said Fitz- 
gerald gives ready Money for any Quantity of Hog's 
Bristles.— T/ie New-York Gazette, July 29, 1751. 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 293 

Brush Maker. — This is to inform the public that 
John Facey, Brush-Maker, from Bristol, next Door to 
the Factory in Chapel-street, Makes and sells all kinds 
of Brushes, Viz. 

Sweeping, scrubbing, scouring, cloth, hat, banisher, 
dusting, horse, painted hearth, fan, buckle, water, round 
table, and square curtain brushes 

Wheel and stove pohshing, hard blacking, barbers, 
shaving, bonders, short and long white washing, all 
manner of painting, large clothier's, fuller's, weaver's, 
coach and harness, buckles and painters tool, and all 
manner of other brushes 

Likewise shoe-makers bristles to be had of the pub- 
lick's very humble servant, John Facey. N.B. Ready 
money for hogs bristles one shilling a pound, long horse 
hair, woollen and worsted thrums. It is hoped the 
Gentlemen both in town and county will encourage the 
brush manufactory. — New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, September 8, 1768. 

Button Maker. — Whereas I Henry Witeman having 
served my Apprenticeship with Casper Wister, Brass 
Button-Maker in Philadelphia, have now set up the same 
Business in New- York, where all Persons that shall 
please to favour me with their Custom, may depend on 
having the work done in the best Manner, and at reason- 
able Rates; at my Shop in Maiden-Lane, between the 
Fly-Market and the New Dutch Church. — The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, Septem- 
ber 17, 1750. 

Button Maker. — Henry Whiteman, At the Sign of 
Buttons and Buckles, near the Oswego Market, as usual, 
Makes Philadelphia Buttons and Buckles: Wholesale or 
Retail, as cheap and as good as can be purchased in 
Philadelphia. As there are a great many of the counter- 
feit Sort sold in this City, for Philadelphia Buttons, 
which, upon Trial, has been found to break very soon, 
and the Purchasers thereof considerably imposed upon; 



294 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

he gives this Notice to the PubHck, that he calls those 
of his Make, New- York Buttons, which has been well 
tried amongst all his Customers, and from whom he has 
heard no Complaint. 

The said Whiteman, likewise sells all Sorts of Buckles 
and Buttons Retail; and a fine Assortment of Tin Ware; 
black and China Jacks, and some fine Block-Tin Platters, 
fit for OjB&cers of the Army, Copper Tea Kettles and 
Sauce pans; with a great many other Goods and reason- 
able. Also Brass and Steel Buts, Chapes and Tongues, 
in all sorts of Buckles. — The New-York Gazette, October 
13, 1760. 

Chandler. — All sorts of Sope and Candles, made and 
Sold by John Ditcher, Tallow-Chandler and Sope Boiler, 
late from London, now Uving in the House of Mr. 
Jacobus Roosevelt's, in the Slote ; He makes Candles and 
Soap for those who are pleas'd to find their own Tallow 
at reasonable Rates: Said Ditcher has his Tools well 
fix'd after the London Manner. He would be glad of 
a Partner with a little Cash. — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, January 28, 1754. 

Chandler. — Abraham Bendix, Wax-Chandler, lately 
from London, at the House of Mr. Jonas Phillips, at the 
East Side of Pecks-shp, gives this public Notice, That he 
makes and sells the best Sort of Sealing- Wax and Wafers 
cheaper than they can be imported, of different Sorts and 
Prices: He Hkewise makes the best of black and red 
Lead Pencils, Prussian Blacking- Ball, and Wash- Ball, 
&c. Those that will be pleased to favour him with their 
Custom, may depend on being well served, and with the 
best Sort, at the lowest Prices. — The New-York Mercury, 
March 4, 1765. 

Chandlers. — Spermacseti Candle Work. The Pro- 
prietors of the Spermacseti Work, in this City, beg leave 
to acquaint the Public, that they have erected this (the 
first of the Kind in the Province) Work at a considerable 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 295 

Expence, and having brought it to as great Perfection as 
any on the Continent, they flatter themselves their 
Candles and Oyl, will have the Preference with the 
Gentlemen of this City, while the Quality is as good and 
the Price the same as the best at Market. Those who 
shall please to favour us with their Orders, may be 
supply'd, by applying to Isaac Stoutenburgh, Senior, or 
Junior; William Heyer, in Smith-Street, or James 
Jarvis, Hatter in French Church-Street. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 16, 1768. 

Chimney Sweeping. — Mr. Zedtwitz Acquaints his 
subscribers, and the public in general, that he has pro- 
vided, agreeable to his printed proposals, hands to carry 
on the business of Chimney-Sweeping, and by sending 
to his oflace in New Dutch-street, near Mr. Leslie's, 
peruke-maker, his subscribers, and others, shall be duly 
served at any time; He gives this public notice that his 
subscribers should not employ any other hands to sweep 
in the interim, in order that he may perform agreeable 
to his proposals, and to avoid blunders. Should his 
people omit any house in its regular time, be indecent, 
or misbehave to any individual, he will take it extremely 
kind to acquaint him thereof, that he may give the in- 
jured full satisfaction, which is his wish and desire. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 
2, 1774. 

Chocolate Maker. — Made and Sold by Peter Swigard, 
Chocolate-Maker, in Bayard-street, opposite Mr. John 
Livingston's Store-House; Choice Chocolate, at the new 
current Price. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, September 18, 1758. 

Chocolate Maker. — Peter Low, Living at the Upper 
End of Maiden-Lane, near the Broad-Way, and opposite 
to Lairy's-Street. Makes and sells Chocolate, equal in 
Goodness to any made in this City, at the current Price; 
and hopes for the Favour and Encouragement of his old 



296 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Customers and others. For the greater convenience of 
my Customers, I constantly keep a Parcel of Chocolate 
at Mr. Nicholas Low's on the Great Dock, near Coenties 
Market, where they can be supplied as well as by myself. 
Gentlemen who chuse to have any Quantity made, shall 
have it done at a reasonable Rate. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, October 23, 1769. 

Chemist. — Richard Speaight, Chymist and Druggist, 
At the sign of the Elaboratory, between Burling's and 
Beekman's sUp, Begs leave to inform the practitioners 
in town and country, that he has just imported, ... a 
large assortment of Drugs and Medicines. . . . Store 
keepers and apothecaries in the country may be suppHed 
with the chymical and galenical preparations, as cheap 
and as good as they can import them from London; 
as he prepares most of them himself, can warrant the 
quality of them. 

Patent medicines, hair powder, and ivory black, as 
usual. Likewise sells, wholesale and retail, West-India 
rum, Jamaica spirits, wine. Muscovado and loaf sugar, 
pepper, pimento, tea, coffee, and chocolate, with sundry 
other articles in the Grocery way, too tedious to men- 
tion; all of which will be sold as low as any in town. — 
Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, May 12, 1774. 

City Sealer. — John Ide Myer, City Sealer. Begs 
Leave to acquaint the Publick, that he has lately removed 
from Little Dock Street, to the White Hall Slip, where 
he has erected a very good and commodious Hay Scale, 
and will give constant Attendance, and the strictest Care 
taken to do Justice to all who please to favour him with 
their Employ, as he can depend on the Exactness of his 
Beam (having spared no Cost to have it as good a one 
as could be made) doubts not of its giving general Satis- 
faction; to accomplish which, will be the constant En- 
deavour of the Publick's, Most obedient humble Servant, 
John Ide Myer. N.B. All Weights and Measures (as 
usual) regulated and adjusted in the carefuUest Manner. 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 297 

— The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, July 
25, 1768. 

Comb Maker. — John Crosby, Comb-Maker, from Lon- 
don: Takes this Method to inform the Gentlemen and 
Ladies, that he makes all Sorts of Ladies Combs, Tor- 
toiseshell and Horn, and dressing Combs of different 
Sorts ; which may be had at his House in Horse and Cart- 
Street, near Chappel-Street, or at Mr. Deas's, Wig- 
Maker and Hair-Dresser, in Broad-Street, opposite to 
General Gage's. N.B. Any Gentlemen or Ladies, having 
Turtle-shell by them, may have it made up, on the 
most reasonable Terms. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, September 11, 1766. 

Comb Maker. — Lately came from Dublin, a Person 
who hath had the Honour to serve most of the Nobility 
in that City, in turning Horn, Ivory, or Tortoiseshell, 
and makes all Sorts of Combs in the newest and neatest 
Manner; likewise gives ready Money for Horn, Ivory, 
or Tortoiseshell; but any Person having either Horn, 
Ivory or Tortoiseshell, and chuse it to be worked up in 
any Form relating to his Business, may depend on having 
their Orders complied and on the lowest Terms, with all 
convenient Speed, By their humble Servant, Thomas 
Dunn, Living on Cowfoot-Hill, near the Hay Scales. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 
3, 1769. 

Cork Cutter. — Jervis Robuck, Cork Cutter, from Lon- 
don; Cuts and sells all Sorts of Corks, all Sizes, Whole- 
sale and Retail, at the Foot of Potbakers-Hill, near the 
new Low Dutch Church: W^here may be had, at the 
lowest Prices, A good Assortment of China raild, Prussia, 
and Mosaick Soop Tureens; Dishes and Plates: Also 
Delph, Flint, and Stone Ware. An Assortment of Glass 
Decanters, Beer and Wine Glasses, Tumblers, &c. suit- 
able for Town or Country Shops. Also, imported in the 
Snow King WilHam, from London, A neat Assortment of 



298 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Looking-Glasses: A Quantity of Iron Pots of different 
Sizes, Daffy's Elixer, Bateman's Drops, Hooper's Fe- 
male Pills, a Parcel of Onions, Ginger, Pepper, Allspice, 
Coffee, white and brown Sugar, &c. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, February 12, 1759. 

Cosmetics.— To be Sold, At Mr. Edwards next door 
to Mr. Jamison, opposite the Fort Garden, an admirable 
Beautifying Wash, for Hands, Face and Neck, it makes 
the Skin soft, smooth and plump, it Hkewise takes away 
Redness, Freckles, Sun-Burnings, or Pimples, and cures 
Postules, Itchings, Ring-Worms, Tetters: Scurf, Mor- 
phew and other hke Deformities of the Face and Skin, 
(Intirely free from any Corroding Quality) and brings 
to an exquisite Beauty, with lip Salve and Tooth Powder, 
all sold very Cheap. — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
March 29, 1736. 

Cosmetics. — The Venetian Paste, So well known to 
the Ladies for enameUng the Hands, Neck and Face, of 
a lovely white: It renders the most rough Skin smooth 
and soft, as Velvet, and entirely eradicates Carbuncles 
and all other Heats in the Face, or Nose and cracking 
of the Lips at this Season of the Year. Sold only by 
Hugh Gaine, at 6s. per Pot. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, January 24, 1774. 

Cosmetics. — Lady Molyneux's ItaHan Paste. So well 
known to the Ladies for enamelhng the hands, neck, and 
face, of a lovely white; it renders the most rough skin 
smooth and soft as velvet. There is not the least grain 
of paint in it; and Ladies who use it cannot be tanned 
by the most scorching heat. If it is used to infants in 
the month, it secures them a delicate skin; nor can the 
most servere frost crack the skin. Sold by Hugh Gaine. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
May 9, 1774. 

Dancing, is Taught by the Subscriber, in a genteel 
and easy Method; at the House in Chaple Street, next 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 299 

Door to the Play-House, and at Mrs. Demot's on Flatten- 
Barrack-Hill; He assures all Gentlemen and Ladies that 
please to Favour him with their Company, that they 
shall meet with Satisfaction, and that great Care and 
Due Attendance will be given, by their Humble Servant, 
John Trotter. — The New-York Mercury, June 30, 1766. 

Dentist. — Teeth drawn, and old broken stumps taken 
out very safely and with much Ease by James Mills, 
who was Instructed in that Art by the late James Read- 
ing deceased, so fam'd for drawing of Teeth, he is to be 
spoke with at his Shop in the House of the Deceased, 
near the Old Slip Market. — The New-York Journal, 
January 6, 1735. 

Distiller. — Joseph Greswold, Disteller from London, 
Selleth by wholesale or Retail, all sorts of Spirituous 
Liquors as Rum, Brandy, Geneva, Anniseed Water, 
Orange Water, Clove Water, Cenamon Water, and sun- 
dry other Liquors, at the Sign of the Lyon and Still, 
in Pearl-Street, New- York. — The New-York Weekly 
Journal, July 6, 1747. 

Fencing. — These are to give Notice, To all Gentle- 
men who desire to learn the right Method and true Art 
of Defence, and Pursuit of the Small-Sword in its great- 
est Perfection, and extraordinary quick and speedy, with 
all the Guards, Parades, Thrusts and Lessons thereunto 
belonging, fully described, and the best Rule for Playing 
against Artists or Others with Blunts or Sharps; That 
they may be taught the same by Me Richard Lyneall, 
Professor and Master of the said Art, who is to be spoke 
with at the house of Mrs. Elizabeth Parmyter, in Beaver- 
Street. 

Note, He teaches Gentlemen either Private or Publick, 
by the Month or by the Whole. Likewise, he has Com- 
modious Lodging for Gentlemen or Ladies. — The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, June 
22, 1752. 



300 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Fire Engine Maker. — A Fire-Engine that will de- 
liver two Hogsheads of Water in a Minute, in a continual 
Stream, is to be Sold by Wiliam Lindsay, the Maker 
thereof. Enquire at Fighting Cocks, next Door to the 
Exchange-Coffee House, New- York. — The New-York 
Gazette, May 2-9, 1737. 

Fire Engines. — Yesterday Capt. Knox arrived here in 
15 Weeks from London, but last from Rhode Island: 
We are assured he has brought over with him two fine 
Fire-Engines, for the Use of this City, which were sent 
for by our Corporation; These, with the four already 
here in Possession of the Corporation, sufficiently prove 
the Care of our Magistrates for the Preservation of the 
City as far as lies in their Power. — News item in The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
February 5, 1750. 

Fire Engine Maker. — Fire Engines. Whereas it has 
been the Custom for several Years past, for the Inhabi- 
tants of North-America to import Fire Engines from 
foreign Parts; this is to inform the Publick, that they 
are made in the City of New- York, as cheap and as good 
as any imported from England, by Davis Hunt. — The 
New-York Mercury, April 27, 1767. 

Fire Engines. — To be Sold, Three small Fire-Engines. 
N.B. Are very fit for a small Town, or a Gentlemen's 
County-Seat. Inquire of Jacobus Stoutenburh, Over- 
seer of the Fire-Engines for the City of New- York. — 
The New York Journal or the General Advertiser, June 
4, 1767. 

Fire Engine. — To be sold by WilHam Shipman, In 
Beaver-Street, opposite the New-Printing-Office, A Large 
Fire-Engine, which will with ease command the highest 
Dwelling-House in this City; she throws her water in 
a large Body, to a considerable Distance, and will dis- 
charge upwards of 200 Gallons in a Minute; is new and 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 301 

in good Order, and works with ease. Has for Sale 
likewise a few Pair of very elegant polished Steel Snuffers, 
with open Work Stands, and Ladies and Gentlemens 
Watch Chains, &c. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, July 10, 1769. 

Fire Engine Maker. — Davis Hunt, Engine-maker, at 
the Fresh-Water, has for Sale, A complete Engine, which 
he will warrant, and can afford to let the Purchaser 
have much cheaper than any imported from England. 
His long Experience in that Branch, and the Number he 
has made for this City and Country in general, to the 
Satisfaction of the Buyer, has rendered his Character 
so far estabhshed, that he has no Occasion for a further 
Recommendation. Any Person, on the shortest Notice, 
can be supplied by said Hunt. He likewise makes Smiths 
Bellowses, in the best and cheapest Manner; begs the 
continuance of his Customers. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, February 5, 1770. 

Fire Engine. — We can with Pleasure, assure the Pub- 
lic, that the Fire Engine of the Water Works was work'd 
many Days last week, greatly to the Satisfaction of vast 
Numbers of People who went to see it. This Engine 
carries a Pump of 11 inches in diameter, and 6 Feet 
Stroke, which contains 

29 Galls 

Makes 10 Stroke a Minute 290 

In one Hour, 174 Hogsheads 17400 

In 12 Hours, 2088 ditto 208800 

In 24 Hours 4176 ditto 417600 

The Well is 30 Feet diameter, and 30 deep, contains 
8 Feet depth of Water. The Water is inexhaustable, for 
the Pump, tho' continually work'd, cannot lower the 
Water more than two Feet. A Cord and i/4 of wood will 
work the Engine for 24 Hours. 

It is proposed to work the Engine for some Days 
longer, for the further Inspection of the Public, of which 



302 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Notice will be given by hoisting a Flag. — News item in 
The New York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, March 
11, 1776. 

Fishery. — We have Advice from HaHfax in Nova- 
Scotia, that there is such a Number of New-Yorkers got 
to that Place, since the first Settlement of it, as will 
nearly fill one of the Largest Streets in the Town, and 
that they are about to form themselves in one Street, 
into a Society or Company, by the Name of the Free 
New- York Fishery Company At Nova Scotia; and that 
all that shall hereafter come there from New- York, pro- 
vided they come as one of King David's Soldiers, (see 
1 Sam. XXII. Cap 2 Ver.) Shall be permitted to join 
them, and draw Shares according to the Stock they bring : 
some of these Gentlemen have wrote to their Friends 
here, that for their Encouragement to send Merchandize 
to them, they will engage that whatever they send, they 
will make it all SterUng. — The New-York Gazette Re- 
vived in the Weekly Post-Boy, September 9, 1751. 

Gardener. — Thomas Vallentine, Bred under the ablest 
Master in Ireland, who for some Years after his Appren- 
ticeship conducted the Gardening Business for the Right 
Hon. The Earl of Belvedere, a Nobleman remarkable 
for elegant Taste, extensive Gardens and Plantations, 
the major Part of which were made immediately under 
said Gardner's Direction, during his Service with him; 
and has been afterwards employed by several of the 
Nobility and Gentry, to lay out their Gardens and Im- 
provements. He also surveys Land, makes Copies and 
traces Maps, draws Designs for Gardens, Plantations, 
Stoves, green Houses, forcing Frames, &c. &c. and will 
execute the Plans if required. He is willing to attend 
any Gentleman's Gardens within ten or twelve Miles of 
this City, a Day or two in the Week, and give such 
Directions as are necessary for completing and keeping 
the same in proper Order. He has sufficient Certificates 
setting forth his Character and Abilities, and can be 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 303 

further recommended, if required, by a Gentleman near 
this City. Any Gentleman having Occasion to employ 
said Vallentine, may hear of him at the Printer's Ex- 
change. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, August 8, 1768. 

Glue Factory. — To encourage a Manufactory of Glue, 
in or near the City, (which is much wanted,) Any Person 
inclining setting up that Business here, (will by inquiring 
of the Printer) hear of a Person who will take of him 
Five Thousand Weight, yearly for Three Years, if his 
Price is approved of; and if his Glue is very good, will 
be further encouraged. — The New-York Gazette, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1766. 

Grocer, Chandler and Soap Boiler. — John Richard- 
son, Grocer, Chandler, and Sope-Boiler, from England; 
Takes this Opportunity to inform the Public, that he 
hath open'd Shop in the House where John Baster, 
Breeches-maker, lately lived near the Old-Slip-Market, 
in this City, where Groceries, Candles, and Soap are sold 
on the lowest Terms, and will be very glad to have the 
Pleasure of serving Captains and Masters of Vessels 
with Candles by the Box, &c. And all Favours most 
gratefully acknowledged, by your most obedient Servant 
to command, John Richardson. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 22, 1770. 

Gunflint Cutter. — To the Society of Gentlemen for 
the Encouragement of Arts in the different Provinces 
of America. John Morris, Gunflint-Cutter to his Maj- 
esty's Board of Ordnance, in the Kingdom of Ireland, is 
willing to come and establish that Branch in any of his 
Majesty's Colonies or Plantations in America, if prop- 
erly encouraged for establishing such an useful Branch, 
whereon depends the Safety and Protection of his Maj- 
esty's Royal Person, his Dominions and Subjects in gen- 
eral. It has always been my Study to propogate such 
useful Arts, as tends to the Public Good, therefore I 



304 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

earnestly entreat your Consideration on this Branch; 
likewise the Art of Mines, Minerals, and Mineral Waters, 
and refining Lead and Copper. I am Gentlemen, a 
Friend to Liberty and Freedom, John Morris. Dublin 
20th Jan. 1768. 

N.B. Please to send your proposals directed to me at 
William Gun's Esq ; in Peter-Street, DubUn. — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, May 5, 1768. 

Gunsmith. — To be sold Cheap by Edward Annely, 
Gun Smith, at the Fly Market, A Large Assortment of 
Guns and Pistols all Tower proof; as also some Birding 
Pieces, with Bayonets in their Buts for Gentlemen's Use, 
and Guns with Bayonets fit" either for Military Use or 
FowHng; long Pieces for shooting Geese, Ducks &c. 
The right sort of Indian Guns, with Gun Barrels and 
Locks of all Sorts; He likewise makes Guns and Pistols 
as any Gentleman shall like, and does all Things be- 
longing to the Gun-Smith's Trade; and engraves Coats 
of Arms on Plate, &c.—The New-York Gazette Revived 
in the Weekly Post^Boy, August 1, 1748. 

Gunsmith. — Gilbert Forbes, Gun Maker. At the 
Sign of the Sportsman in the Broad Way, opposite Hull's 
Tavern in New- York. Makes and sells all sorts of guns, 
in the neatest and best manner; on the lowest terms; 
has for sale, silver and brass mounted pistols, rifle barrel 
guns, double swivel and double roller gun locks ; common 
do. 50 ready made new bayonet guns, on all one size 
and pattern. — The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, March 16, 1775. 

Hostler. — Waterman, At his repository for horses and 
carriages, at the New- York Arms, in the Broad- Way, . . . 
N.B. He also wants a good hostler, that will be (if re- 
quested) indulged to get drunk twelve times a year. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Sep- 
tember 23, 1771. 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 305 

Inoculation. — Sutton and Latham, Have open'd 
Apartments for Innoculation, where Patients will be 
carefully attended, and every Thing necessary provided. 
Their Price for Innoculation, is Three Pounds Four Shil- 
lings, New- York Currency. 

As there may be some Persons willing to be innocu- 
lated, but who cannot conveniently pay even so small 
a Sum as Half a Johannes, they are inform'd, that the 
Price shall be adapted to their Circumstances. 

Mr. Latham innoculates from Six Weeks old ; and every 
Month in the Year. For further Particulars, Application 
to be made to Mr. Latham, at his House in Broad-street. 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
January 7, 1771. 

Insurance Office. — The Old Insurance-office Is kept 
at the Coffee-House, as usual; where all Risques whatso- 
ever, are under wrote, at very moderate Premiums, and 
due Attendance given from Twelve to One, and from Six 
to Eight, by Keteltas & Sharp, Clerks of the Office. — 
The New-York Mercury, October 29, 1759. 

Jack of All Trades. — John Julius Sorge. Very much 
noted among the Nobility in Germany, for divers curious 
Experiments, lately arrived in this City, hereby gives 
Notice, that he, 

I. Makes all Sorts of Fruits, viz. Pruens, Cherries, 
Peaches, Grapes, Appricocks, &c. of the same natural 
Taste and Colour as those that grow, and as perfect, that 
no Distinction between them and the natural Ones can 
be perceived. 

II. He also makes all the abovementioned Fruit, &c. 
to the same Perfection, without any Taste. 

HI. Makes all Sorts of Japan-Work, of divers fine 
Colours, to that Degree, that none heretofore hath ever 
exceeded him in that Art. 

IV. Makes a Spirit which has the Quality to take 
out of Clothes and Hats, any Stain or Spot whatsoever, 
without taking away the Glaze. 



306 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

V. He prepares a fine Water for Ladies to wash them- 
selves with, in order to preserve their Beauty. 

VI. Makes Muscadine Wine, and knows how to cure 
Wines if spoiled. 

VII. Makes a Soap-Liquor, of which take 10 or 12 
Drops, and put into a Cup of Water, and you will have 
sufficient Suds to wash or shave yourself. 

VIII. He knows how to wash Gold and Silver Lace, in 
a very particular Manner. 

IX. He makes a Sort of Candles, without any Wax, 
Tallow, or Fat whatsoever; which Candles are much 
finer, and gives more Light than any others; they make 
no Smoke, neither do they want snuffing. 

X. He prepares a Spirit which destroys Bugs, and 
offers any some for Trial. 

XI. He knows a special Remedy, to take out the Hair 
out of Ladies Foreheads and Hands, without any Pain. 

XII. He has also knowledge of many other Experi- 
ments, too tedious to mention. 

N.B. Said Sorge may be spoke with every Afternoon 
at the House of Mr. Edward Willet, Tavernkeeper, at 
the Sign of the New- York Arms in the Broad-Way, or 
at Mr. Koch's, where all Gentlemen and Ladies who will 
please to favour him with their Custom, may depend 
upon being duly satisfied. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, June 16, 1755. 

Mathematical Instrument Maker. — All Sorts of 
Mathematical Instruments, either in Silver or Brass, 
are made or mended by Charles Walpole, Citzen of Lon- 
don, and most Sorts of other Work done at reasonable 
Rates at his Shop, at the Corner of Wall-Street, near the 
Meal Market. N.B. He also gives ready money for 
Old Copper or Brass. — The New-York Evening Post, 
May 26, 1746. 

Mathematical Instrument Maker. — The late in- 
vented and most curious Instrument call'd an Octant, for 
taking the Latitude or other Altitudes at Sea, with all 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 307 

other Mathematical Instruments for Sea or Land, com- 
pleatly made by Anthony Lamb in New- York: where 
all Persons may be supply'd with German Flutes, and 
sundry other small Works in Wood, Ivory, or Brass, and 
Books of Navigation; and a proper Direction given with 
every Instrument. Ready Money for curious hard Wood, 
Ivory, Tortois-Shell, and old Brass. — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, January 23, 
1749. 

Mathematical Instrument Maker. — James Ham, 
mathematical instrument-maker, at the house wherein 
the Widow Ratsey lately lived, near the Old-Dutch- 
Church, in Smith's Street, makes and sells all sorts of 
mathematical instruments, in wood, brass or ivory, as. 
Theodolite's circumferenter's, sectors parallel rulers, pro- 
tractors, plain scales and dividers, the late instrument 
called an octant, Davis's quadrants, gauging rods, sliding 
and gunter's scales, amplitude wood box and hanging 
compasses, pocket, do. ship-wright draught bows, bevils, 
walking-sticks neatly mounted, surveying chains, japan'd 
telescopes, dice & dice boxes, quarto waggoners, Atkin- 
son's epitomes, mariner's kalenders and compasses, and 
sundry other things, at the most reasonable rates. — The 
New-York Mercury, May 27, 1754. 

Mathematical Instrument Maker. — William Hin- 
ton, Mathematical Instrument Maker, at Hadley's Quad- 
rant, facing the East Side of the New Coffee House, 
Makes and sells all sorts of Mathematical Instruments, 
in Silver, Brass, Ivory, or Wood, viz. Hadley's Quadrants, 
Davis's do. Crostaf's Nocturnals, Gunters Scales, Plot- 
ting do. Cases of Instruments, Surveyors Chains, Divid- 
ers with and without Points, Protractors, paralelled Rul- 
ers, Rods for Guaging, AmpUtude, hanging and common 
Wood Compasses, Pocket do. three Foot Telescopes, 
Pocket do. Backgammon Tables, Dice and Dice Boxes; 
Billiard Balls and Tacks, Violin Bows and Bridges; with 
a Variety of other Articles too tedious to mention : And 



308 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

as he is a young Beginner, he flatters himself, he shall 
meet with Encouragement; and all those who please to 
favour him with their Custom, may depend upon having 
their Work done in the neatest and best Manner, and at 
reasonable Rates. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, May 4, 1772. 

Midwife. — Mrs. Ridgely, Midwife from London : Hav- 
ing practised for many Years in that opulent City, with 
great Success; but some Affairs relative to the Death of 
her Husband, making it indispensibly necessary for her 
coming over to this City, she intends during her Stay 
to resume that Practice, on a proper Recommendation, 
from Gentlemen of the Faculty; and will most carefully 
tenderly and punctually attend those Ladies who may 
please to favour her with their Commands, on a firm 
Dependance of exerting her AbiUty and utmost En- 
deavours, not only to merit their Esteem, but to prove 
herself on all Occasions, the PubUck's very respectful, 
and obedient humble Servant. Sarah Ridgely. . . . — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, June 13, 
1765 

Net Making. — This is to give Notice to all Gentlemen, 
That John Beals, intends to carry on the Business of Net 
Making, at the House of Mr. Samuel Foster, Silk-Dyer, 
in Prince-street ; such as Horse Nets, to keep the Fhes off 
them in Summer, Caston-Nets, Shuting Bages, Partridge, 
Pigeon, Clue, Tramel, and other Sorts of Nets made and 
mended by John Bales, These Gentlemen that please to 
favour me with their Work, may depend on having it 
done in the best Manner as in London. N.B. Said John 
Bales {sic'\ plays on the Violin and Hautboy, for Assem- 
blies, at private Balls, or any other Entertainments. — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, June 
20, 1757. 

NuREMBURG Plaster. — The much famed Genuine 
Nuremburg Plaister, is made and prepared in this City, 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 309 

by G. Gyselbrecht, Surgeon and Practitioner in Physick, 
and to be sold at his House near Oswego Market, at 2s. 
and 3d. the largest Box; Is 2. the second Sort, and 7d. the 
smallest; with Allowance to Shop-Keepers, who pur- 
chase a Quantity to sell again. — The New-York Gazette 
Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, March 23, 1752. 

Oil Men. — Cressy and Drury, Oilmen, Lately from 
England, in Prince's Street Have to sell, wholesale or 
retail, genuine Linseed Oil, manufactured in this City, 
and refined in the best Manner, fit for finest Painting; 
also inferior Oils, at different Prices, and Cakes, which is 
excellent Feed for Cattle, by the Thousand, Hundred, 
or single Cake. All Gentlemen, Painters, and others, 
that please to favour us with their custom, may depend 
on the best Usage, and their Favours gratefully acknowl- 
edged, by their Most humble Servants, James Cressy & 
Edward Drury. . . . — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Mercury, March 12, 1770. 

Machines for Dressing Wheat and Flour. — The 
Patent Machines (For dressing wheat and flour) of John 
Milne, and Sons, of Manchester, Are to be sold by Daniel 
Neil, near Acquakanack, New- Jersey ; and by Templeton 
and Stewart, in New- York. To prevent trouble, the price 
of the flour machine is thirty three pounds, and the 
wheat machine twelve pounds. New- York currency. . . . 
— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
November 29, 1773. 

Post Rider. — Too all those gentlemen beyond Albany 
and elsewhere, who receive this paper by the Albany 
Post-Rider: 
Gentlemen, 

These may serve to inform you, that I have faith- 
fully served you by day and night, through cold and 
heat, near four years, and have now almost worn 
out myself and many good horses, in delivering your 
paper: some of you have paid me most honourably, 



310 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

others, perhaps for want of an opportunity have not. 
These are therefore to inform you, whenever you pay 
the Printers for their papers, to pay them also for 
the Rider, who have agreed to receive it for me. 
Your compliance, gentlemen, will greatly obhge, 
Your most humble Servant, The Albany Post 
Rider. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, Novem- 
ber 17, 1774. 

Ptjblic Whipper. — The Public Whipper of the City of 
New- York being lately dead: if any Person incHnes to 
accept the Office with Twenty Pounds a Year, he may 
apply to the Mayor, and be entered. — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, February 11, 
1751. 

Goose Quills. — Mr. Gaine: The following Method of 
Manufacturing our own Country Goose-Quills has been 
found to make them equal to any EngUsh or Holland 
Quills imported : And as it may be of Use to the Pubhc, 
you will be pleased to insert it in your Paper. 

First scrape gently the Outside of the Quill, make a 
Vent or cut off a small End of the Pith; then tye them 
up in a Bundle, and sink them down into a Kettle of 
Water, so that the Water may come just above the 
Pith, and boil them for about three Hours, or 'til they 
boil clear; then drain out the Water, and Bake them in 
an Oven at Pleasure. — The New-York Mercury, February 
11, 1765. 

School Master. — On the 15th of September next at 
the Custom-House, in this City (where a convenient 
Room is fitted up) James Lyne designs to Teach in the 
Evenings (during the Winter) Arithmetick in all its 
parts, Geometry, Trigonometry, Navigation, Surveying, 
Guaging, Algebra, and sundry other parts of Mathemat- 
ical Learning. Whoever inclines to be instructed in any 
of the said Parts of Mathematical Knowledge, may agree 
with the said James Lyne at the House of William 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 311 

Bradford, in the City of New- York. — The New-York 
Gazette, August 31-September 7, 1730. 

School Master. — These are To Give Notice, That 
Persons of both Sexes from Twelve years of Age to 
Fifty, who never wrote before, are taught to write a 
good legible Hand in five Weeks at an Hour per Day at 
home or abroad ; and such as write but indifferently may 
have their Hands considerably improved by Mr. Elphin- 
stone, Uving in the lowermost of Mr. Haines's New- 
Buildings in New-Dutch Church Street : where Specimens 
of Persons writing in the above time may be seen. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, October 15, 
1753. 

School Matron. — School for French and EngUsh. 
Maria Gibbon, Who was educated in France, and is 
lately arrived from London, proposes to open a School, 
on Monday the 7th of January where young Ladies may 
be taught to speak and read French and EngUsh. She 
likewise will teach fine and plain Work. More Particu- 
lars may be known of Mrs. Gibbon, at Mr. Dudley's, in 
Maiden-Lane, or she will do herself the Honour of wait- 
ing on those Ladies, who shall please to favour her with 
their Commands. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, January 14, 1771. 

School Master. — To be PubUc. The Mattisonia 
Grammar-School in the lower-Freehold, is still continued 
under the Patronage of Rev. Messrs. William Tennent, 
Charles M'Knight and William Ayers, and Doct. Na- 
thaniel Scudder, who purpose constantly to provide 
said school with an able Teacher, and visit as often 
as may be necessary. 

The Gentleman who now presides in the School, and 
gives singular Satisfaction, is Mr. Moses Allen, late of 
Nassau-Hall, 

He teaches the Latin and Greek Languages with Ac- 



312 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

curacy, and is particularly attentive to the Reading 
and Pronunciation of the English Tongue. 

The Situation of the School is such, that the Pupils 
are perhaps as little exposed to Temptation, or any 
Thing that may corrupt their Morals, as in any Part of 
America. 

N.B. Board, including Washing, Fire- Wood and Can- 
dles, is at present no higher than Seven Shillings and Six 
Pence Proclamation Money, per Week. — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, January 30, 1772. 

Sheaes Maker. — Cornehus Atherton, (of the Great 
Nine Partners in Dutchess County.) Begs leave to in- 
form the public, particularly Clothiers, that he has set up 
the Business of making Clothier's Shears, which he war- 
rants to be equal in Goodness to any imported, and are 
to be Sold upon as good Terms, which he hopes may be 
an Inducement for such as want to apply to him. He 
has made a considerable Improvement in the Construc- 
tion of these Shears, so that they may be taken a part 
with a Screw, to be Ground without putting them out 
of the proper Order, which kind, on account of the 
additional Workmanship and their great Conveniency, 
come something higher than the Common. Any Person 
by applying to him as above, can be supplied on a short 
Notice. — The New-York Journal or General Advertiser, 
September 13, 1770. 

Sleight of Hand Artist. — This is to give Notice to 
all Gentlemen Ladies and others, that on Monday the 
18 of March at the House of Charles Sleigh, in Duke- 
Street is to be seen the famous German Artist, who is to 
perform the Wonders of the World by Dexterity of 
Hand: The Things he performs are too many to be 
enumerated here. He here with invites all to be Spec- 
tators of his Ingeniuty, Is. 9d. & 6d. is the Price for 
Admitance. He begins at 7 o'Clock in the Evening. To 
be continued every night in the Week. Saturday Nights 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 313 

excepted. To be performed by Joseph Broome. — The 
New-York Weekly Journal, March 25, 1734. 



Sleight of Hand Artist. — This is to acquaint the 
Curious, That there is just arrived in this City, a famous 
Posture-Master, who transforms his Body into various 
Postures, in a surprising and wonderful Manner, with 
many Curious Dancings and TumbUngs, exceeding any 
thing of the kind ever seen here. He also Performs the 
Shght of Hand, with great Dexterity, and Art; and to 
make the entertainment more agreeable, the Company 
will be diverted with the Musick of a Dulcemer . . . ex- 
hibited by their very humble Servant, Richard Brick- 
ell. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, April 27, 1752. 

Sleight of Hand Artist. — For the Benefit of Mr. 
Bayly, On Tuesday Evening the 14th of April, Inst. Will 
be presented, his uncommon Performances by Dexterity 
of Hand, in a Manner, different from all other Perform- 
ers of that Art, without the use of Pockets, Bags, or 
Sleeves. When besides his usual, he will exhibit several 
Others never attempted before, particularly he will raise 
an Apple-Tree by Fire, which will bud, blossom, and 
bear Fruit, in presence of all the Company. 

Mr. Punch begs leave to inform the Ladies and Gentle- 
men, that by him, his Merry Family, and Company of 
Comedians, will be presented several Drolls, Burlettas, 
&c. &c. Particularly a New Farce, call'd The enchanted 
Lady of the Grove. With a curious View of the Sea, 
in which are seen several Ships Engaging, Fish, Sea 
Monsters, &c. &c. Swimming: And the Men of War 
taking the Island of Goree. 

End of Part the First, will be a Grotesque Interlude 
of Dancing, call'd The Drunken Peasant. The Peasant, 
by Mr. Tea. Clown, by Mr. Bayly. End of Part the 
Second, a Pantomine, call'd Harlequin and the Miller. 
The Miller, by Mr. Bayly. Harlequin, by Mr. Tea. End 



314 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

of Part the Third, a Negro Dance, In Character, by- 
Mr. Tea. 

Ladies and Gentlemen may be assured the strictest 
Regularity will be observed as Mr. Bayly has taken Care 
to remove every Obstacle that might tend to interrupt 
the Company, or, the Performance. 

Boxes 4s. Front Seats 3s. Second Seats 2s. The Door 
to be open'd at 5, and begin at 7 o'clock. Tickets to be 
had only of Mr. Bayly, at the Place of the Performance. 
Vivant Rex Et Regina. 

To Conclude with a Hornpipe, by Mr. Tea. If 
Tuesday Evening proves bad Weather, it will be post- 
poned till next Evening The Tuesday following will be 
for the Benefit of Mr. Tea. — The New-York Journal or 
the General Advertiser, April 9, 1767. 

Smelter and Refiner of Gold, Silver. — Chepman 
Ashers, Smelter and Refiner of Gold, Silver, Copper and 
Lead, is lately arrived from Germany where he has been 
employed as such, in several Smelting and Refining 
Works, and particularly those of the Elector of Saxony. 

He proposes to smelt, separate, and refine, in this, or 
any of the neighbouring Colonies, the above mentioned 
Metals, from any Ore deUvered to him for that purpose, 
and promises to save 50 per Cent, of the Expence usually 
paid by the Americans, who sent their Ore to England 
to be smelted or refined there. But then the Works must 
be erected near a navigable River, and in a Part of the 
Country where there is a great Plenty of Wood for mak- 
ing Charcoal. If any Gentlemen inchnes to employ the 
said Ashers in that Capacity, he doubts not his giving 
full Satisfaction respecting his Abilities and Char- 
acter. He is determined not to contract for a Salary, but 
a Share in the Produce of the Works, which if under- 
taken, will be first of the kind carried on in North- 
America, and must prove highly beneficial. For further 
Particulars inquire of himself, at Mr. Samuel Israel's in 
Little-Dock-Street.— r/ie New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, March 14, 1774. 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 315 

Snuff Makers. — Maxwell and Williams From Bristol. 
Where they for many years carried on a large and ex- 
tensive Trade in the Snuff and Tobacco Manufactories, 
Have erected in this City, a complete Apparatus for 
carrying on the said Business in all its Branches. 

They have now ready for sale, at their Store, near the 
lower end of Wall-Street, All sorts of best Scotch and 
Rappee Snuff, Pigtail, Rag, and fine mild smoking To- 
bacco. The Pubhc will find upon Trial, the Snuff manu- 
factured by them, to be equal in Quality and Flavour to 
any imported from Great-Britain; being made of the best 
Materials, and in a Manner superior to any Thing of 
the kind yet attempted in the Country: And as an En- 
couragement to those who are inclined to countenance 
Manufactories set on Foot in America, purpose selling 
their Snuff on lower terms than can be imported. . . . — 
The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, May 
13, 1773 (Supplement). 

Splint Maker. — Lewis Nichols, At Newark, New- 
Jersey, Makes and Sells, Sharp Splints for Legs and 
Thighs, universally made use of by Surgeons. Doctor 
Treat of New- York has been supplied with a number 
of sets of his make, and he has left a set to be seen at 
Mr. James Thompson's, at the corner of Beekman's Slip, 
where a letter left for him will be forwarded, and a num- 
ber of sets got ready at the shortest notice, and at a 
moderate price. — The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, May 2, 1776. 

Split Peas Manufactured. — Split Pease, Manufac- 
tured in the best manner by John Arthur, near opposite 
Mr. WilUam Walton's, above Peck's-slip; where any 
quantity may be had on the shortest notice, put up in 
bushel and half bushel kegs, or by measure. The said 
Arthur has likewise received per the last vessels from 
London, a variety of seasonable goods, amongst which 
are . . . Henry and Andrew playing cards, . . . barrel 
and square glass lanthorns, loose and paper pins of all 



316 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

sizes, and a large assortment of Paper Hangings, in which 
are two elegant India patterns; has also for sale, coffee, 
loaf, lump and muscovado sugars, rice, chocolate, all- 
spice, &c. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, November 22, 1773. 

Sugar Refining. — PubUck Notice is hereby given, 
That Nicholas Bayard of the City of New- York has 
erected a Refining House for Refining all sorts of Sugar 
and Sugar-Candy, and has procured from Europe an ex- 
perienced Artist in that Mystery. At which Refining 
House all Persons in the City and Country may be sup- 
plyed by Wholesale and Re-tale, with both double and 
single Refined Loaf-Sugar, as also Powder and Shop- 
Sugar-Candy, at Reasonable Rates. — The New-York 
Gazette, August 10-17, 1730. 

Surgeon. — Elias WolHn of Bohemia, who has served in 
his Imperial Majesty's Army as Chirurgeon four Years 
infallibly and instantly Cures the Tooth Ach to Admira- 
tion, also Bleeds without any Manner of Pain, Cups in 
the Like Manner, Wounds, Swellings, and Sores are also 
cured, wonderfully by him in a Short Time he has made 
sundry Cures of the Tooth Ach in the Presence of many. 
He is to be spoke with at the House in Stone Street 
lately Occupied by Mr. Soloman Myers, opposite to Mr. 
Lynsen, the Baker. — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
May 25, 1741. 

Surgery. — To be Sold, Heister's Surgery, the whole 
illustrated with thirty eight Copper-plates, exhibiting all 
the Oparations, Instruments, Bandages, and Improve- 
ments, according to the modern and most approved Prac- 
tice; Sharpens Surgery, Smellie's Midwifery, Capital In- 
struments, in Cases, one lin'd with green Velvet, the other 
with Bays, the best were made by Stanton, all new ; like- 
wise a large Medicinal Chest fitted with large and small 
square Bottles, Wanting but very Trifles to make it com- 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 317 

pleat for Sea. Enquire of the Printer hereof. — The New- 
York Mercury, July 16, 1759. 

Tannery. — Hugh Hughes Informs the Public that he 
has a Tan- Yard, and Currying Shop, in Ferry-Street, 
near Peck's Slip, where the Business is carryed on as 
usual. And (in a general Way) the following Sorts of 
Leather may be had, viz. 

Harness, Skirting, Bridle, Stirrup, Covering, and Seat- 
Leather. Also : Soal and upper Leather, Calf Skins, and 
Sheep Skins, fit for Saddler's or Book Binder's Use, N.B. 
A good Price is given, by said Hughes, for good Hides, 
Bark, Oyl and Tallow. — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, October 7, 1762. 

Tobacco Pipes. — A very good dwelling house with a 
Kitchin and store House a good Stable, a pleasant Gar- 
den with an Orchard and about Twenty Acres of Clay 
ground fit for making Tobacco Pipes, with two Negro 
slaves, utensils and other conveniencies to carry on that 
business. It lyes opposite to Froggs Point at White 
Stone in the Township of Flushing, in Queens County. 
. . .—The New-York Gazette, March 24-March 31, 1735. 

Tobacconist. — Whereas the Subscriber has followed 
the Business of a Tobacconist in this City for several 
Years past, and by his Care and SkiU has acquired some 
Credit with his Tobacco, whose Papers are known by 
the Mark B. M. And some other Tobacconist envying 
his Success, or coveting to take away his Bread and 
Credit, have manufactured and sold their Tobacco, with 
the Marks M. B. and imposing it on the Publick for the 
Subscribers: This is therefore to notify to all concerned, 
that whatever Tobacco is sold by the subscriber, has 
only the Marks B. M. on the Papers, and any other 
Mark with a Pretence of its being the Subscriber's, is 
an Imposture. Blaze Moore. — The New-York Gazette 
or the Weekly Post-Boy, January 4, 1768. 



318 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Tobacconist. — Best Tobacco, manufactured by 
Stephen Hitchcock, a little below St. George's Chapel; 
Where the Publick will be supply'd with best Pigtail 
Tobacco, Cut Tobacco for chewing or smoaking, or the 
genuine Quality, clear of Sand or Dust, and fine Shag. 
As he is a new Beginner, he will strive to merit the 
Approbation of the Publick. N.B. Country Merchants 
and Seamen, supply'd at the cheapest Rate. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, June 17, 1771. 

Tobacconist. — This is to inform the Publick, That the 
Tobacconist Business is carried on by the Widow Pell, 
and the Papers being formerly sign'd by Samuel Pell, 
are now stamp'd Widow Mary Pell. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 1, 1771. 

Tobacconist. — Dennis MacReady Tobacconist. Begs 
leave to acquaint, friends and customers, and the publick 
in general, that he has removed his tobacco manufactory 
from horse and cart street, towards the lower end of Wall- 
street, at the sign of the bladder of snuff and roll tobacco, 
where he intends to carry on the business as usual, and 
has for sale best inspected leaf tobacco by the hhd or 
barrel fit for shipping &c, superfine pigtail, common do. 
hogtail and cut tobacco, scotch and rappee snuff. . . . — 
Rivington's New-York Gazette, May 13, 1773. 

Water Works. — Mr. Parker, As no doubt you'll ad- 
vertise the Readers of your weekly Paper of the late 
Fire in the South Ward of this City ; please to add those 
few Hints, for our future Safety. 

It is well known, that the Fires in this Town of late, 
as that in Duke Street, the School House, and This, hap- 
pen'd to be situate within Reach of the Rivers; by 
which Means, the Engines could be supplied without 
great Difficulty; and thus, to our happy Deliverances, 
those raging Fires were extinguished. 

But suppose a Fire should come to a Head, as either 
of those did, in the Heart of our City, how should we 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 319 

master it? . . .1 propose, that a Drain, or Brick Channel, 
may be carried up at Low- Water Mark, from under the 
Long-Bridge, in Broad-Street; ^ . . . Some may object 
perhaps, that such a Course of Salt Water will spoil the 
Wells near it, and make the Water brackish ; even this I 
question, as it is confined in a Brick Channel; and if it 
should. Tea- Water is daily brought at the Doors, and 
the other will do to wash their Houses. — Letter to the 
printer in The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, November 5, 1750. 

Water Works. — Stephen Hitchcock, Living near 
Peck's-sUp, on the dock below Mrs. Walton's, and op- 
posite Capt. Rose, Has erected gutters from the well 
known pump of water of Mr. Van Home, formerly 
occupied by Richard Cornwel. Which water is equal in 
goodness to any in this city; and which pump has sup- 
plied almost all the shipping in the harbour. The gutters 
extend down to the end of Capt. Rose, and Mr. Laight's 
new dock, and is so convenient that any vessel may be 
supplied with water much easier and with less trouble 
than any other place in the city, as it can be filled in 
the vessel or boat, as they lie along side of the dock. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Sep- 
tember 13, 1773. 

Water Works. — Last Thursday sen'night the Corpora- 
tion of this City met, and agreed to Mr. Christopher 
Colles's Proposal for supplying this City with fresh 
Water, by Means of a Steam Engine, Reservoir, and 
Conduit Pipes; and in order to carry the said useful 
and laudable Design into immediate execution, they 
resolved to issue Promissory notes as the Work shall 
advance. 

According to this design, the Water will be conveyed 
through every Street and Lane in this City, with a per- 
pendicular Conduit Pipe at every Hundred Yards, at 
which Water may be drawn at any Time of the Day or 
3 A detailed description of the proposed water works follows. 



320 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Night, and in case of Fire, each conduit Pipe will be so 
contrived as to communicate with the extinguishing Fire- 
Engines, whereby a speedy and plentiful Supply of 
Water may be had in that calamitous Situation. — News 
item in The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
August 1, 1774. 

Water Works. — New- York Water Works. Notice is 
hereby given, that a large quantity of pitch pine logs 
will be wanting for the New- York Water Works; Such 
persons as are willing to engage to furnish the same, 
are desired to send their proposals, in writing, before the 
20th of October next, to Christopher CoUes, contractor 
for said Works. 

These logs must be of good pitch pine, streight and 
free from large knots, and 20 feet long; one fourth of 
the number of logs to be 12 inches diameter, exclusive 
of sap, at the small end ; and the remaining three fourths 
of 9 inches diameter, exclusive of sap, at the small end. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Sep- 
tember 5, 1774. 

Whalebone Cutting, in all its parts out of the slabs, 
for stay or hoop-makers, performed by David PhiUps, 
at his house near the Widow of Harmanus Rutgers, op- 
posite the Sign of the Three Pidgeons. All persons who 
may think proper to employ him in the above business, 
may depend on having their work done, with care and 
dispatch. — The New-York Mercury, February 10, 1755. 

Wheelwright. — James Hallet, Wheel-Wright, on 
Golden Hill, in New- York, Makes and mends all sorts 
of Wheels or Carriages for Chaises, Chairs, Kittereens, 
Waggons or Carts, after the best Manner, with all Ex- 
pedition, at the most reasonable Rates. — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post^Boy, February 13, 
1749. 



TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 321 

Wheelwright. — Dominicus Andler, Wheelwright, 
from Germany, Acquaints the public. That he can make 
most sorts of mills, such as grist, oil, fulling, paper, and 
saw-mills; also forges and furnaces, to work either by 
water, wind, or horses; likewise water engines, to take 
the water out of mines, or other places where water is 
to be taken out. He has practis'd for many years in 
Germany, and had theTionour to be employed by most 
of the Princes. For further particulars, enquire of John 
Entrest, at the North-River, where some of his drafts 
may be seen. Those Gentlemen who shall be pleased 
to employ him, may rely on having their work perform'd 
with the utmost accuracy and dispatch, by their humble 
Servant, Dominicus Andler. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, October 31, 1768. 

Whip Maker. — John Amory, Whip-Maker, Manu- 
factures and sells all sorts of the best and newest fash- 
ioned Horse-Whips, opposite the Old EngHsh Church 
Yard, and next Door to the Shop he formerly carried on 
that Business in, in Company with John Johnson; and 
as he is determined to manufacture the best Stuff, and 
in the newest Taste, he hopes for a Continuance of his 
Friends and the Public's Encouragement, whose past 
Favours he most gratefully acknowledges. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, October 2, 1775. 
See also The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, May 25, 1772. 

Wind Mill.— At the Wind Mill, near the Bull's Head 
Tavern, in the Bowery, All kinds of grain, ginger, &c. &c. 
with every thing that can be manufactured in a grist 
mill, done in the best manner by George Traile, who 
will take particular care that strictest justice be done, 
and all possible dispatch given, to those who may be 
pleased to favour him with their custom. And at the 
Snuff Mills, in the Bowery, said Traile manufactures as 
usual, Scots snuff, rappee of all kinds, and Irish high 



322 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

toasted, equal (baring prejudice) to any imported from 
Europe, choice pigtail, hogtail and cut tobacco. 

For the conveniency of city customers, a small assort- 
ment of the above articles will be kept at Capt. Robert 
Sinclair's-store, on the Hunter's Quay, where orders for 
quantities will be taken, and executed with punctuality. 
N.B. It is requested that as much time as possible may 
be given. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, June 1, 1772. 



COSTUME 

Wearing Apparel. — Ran away on Sunday the 12th 
Instant July, from Phillip Livingston, two Irish Servants, 
. . . They have taken with them brown Frize close-body'd 
Coats, the Back lin'd with brown Flannel, narrow Sleeves, 
& Bath-mettle Buttons made after the French Fashion, 
two ditto Wastcoats, four pair Leather Breeches, four 
pair Ozenbrigs ditto, five Guinea-Stuff Shirts, and four 
strong Holland-Linen ditto, five pair Stockings, two Felt 
Hats, two Silk-romal Handkerchiefs, two Cotton ditto, 
one Worsted Cap, a Bayonet, and Sundry other Things. 
. . .—The New-York Gazette, July 13-20, 1730. 

Stays. — James Munden, Partner with Thomas Butwell 
from London, Maketh Gentlewomens Stays and Chil- 
drens Coats in the Newest Fashion, and so that Crooked 
Women and Children will appear strait. By whom 
Gentlewomen and Ladies in City & Country may be 
faithfully served by the said James Munden and 
Thomas Butwell. — The New-York Gazette, January 
28-February 4, 1735. 

Brocade Gown. — Lost some Time last Week a Brocade 
Gown, white Ground, and red and Green Flowers, Wrapt 
up in a purple CaHco Peticoat and half a yard of New 
Brocade of the same in it. Whoever brings it to the 
Printer hereof shall have Forty Shillings Reward, and 
no Questions asked. — The New-York Journal, April 11, 
1737. 

Great Coat. — Taken from John Croker at the Fight- 
ing Cocks New- York, in the Room of another a light 
coloured Cloth great Coat with Button Holes in the 
Inside under a Flap a Capt Cape and the Button Holes 

323 



324 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

in threes down before. Whoever has got the Coat is 
desired to return it, and take their own, or whoever will 
inform the said Croker who has the Coat, so as he may 
have it again, shall have Ten Shillings as a Reward 
paid by John Croker. — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
December 3, 1739. 



Muffs. — Peter Ruston living near Mr. Anthony Rut- 
gers, Brewer, Dresses all sorts of Furrs and makes Muffs 
for Men or Women. — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
November 22, 1742. 



Wrapper. — Lost a Chocalat Colour'd Cambleteen 
Wraper, small white streeks running crossways, at an 
uncommon Distance, the Sleeves were not yet sew'd in. 
Whoever brings it to the Printer hereof, shall be well 
rewarded and no Questions ask'd. — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, February 4, 1745. 

Cloak. — Last Night was ta,ken out of a House in this 
City suppos'd by Mistake, a blue Broad-cloth Cloak, 
with Hght blue silk Frogs on it with a double Cape, and 
Silver Hooks & Eyes; . . . — The New-York Weekly Post- 
Boy, December 29, 1746. 



Garter. — Lost on Monday Night last, between the 
Fort and the Shp-Market, a black Silk Garter, lin'd with 
red, with a Stone Buckle set in Silver; Whoever finds 
it, and will bring it to Mrs. Hogg's in Broad-Street, or 
to the Printer hereof, shall receive half a Pistole Reward. 
—The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, February 22, 1748. 

Millinery. — Margaret St. Maurice, Lately from Lon- 
don, at Mr. Cook's on Bayard's Dock; Makes and Sells 
all sorts of Men's and Women's Jockey Caps, Men's 



COSTUME 325 

Morning Caps, Masks for Ladies, Bath Bonnets, Bags 
and Roses for Gentlemen's Wigs, Palareens and Hooks, 
Silk Hats for Children; after the newest Fashions. — 
The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post- 
Boy, May 8, 1749. 



Wigs. — Alexander Lindsay and Robert Johnston, 
peruke-makers. . . . Where Gentlemen may be supplied 
with all kinds of Perukes, Tets and Fox-Tails, &c. after 
the most genteel Fashions now used in London; Ladies 
may also be furnished with Tets and Wigs in perfect 
Imitation of their own Hair. They also cut and dress 
Ladies and Gentlemen's Hair, in the London Mode. 
Orders from the Country shall be punctually compUed 
with, as if given in Town. . . . — The New-York Gazette 
Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, May 7, 1750. 



Wigs. — This is to acquaint the Pubhck, that there is 
lately arrived from London, the Wonder of the World, 
An honest Barber and Peruke-maker, who might have 
worked for the King, if his Majesty would have em- 
ployed him; it was not for the Want of Money that 
he came here, for he had enough of that at Home; nor 
for the Want of Business that he advertised himself. 
But to acquaint the Gentlemen and Ladies, That Such 
a Person is now in Town, living near Rosemary-Lane, 
where Gentlemen and Ladies may be supplied with the 
Goods as follow. Viz. Tyes, Full-bottoms, Majors, Spen- 
cers, Fox-Tails, Ramalies, Tucks, cuts and bob Perukes; 
Also Ladies Tateraatongues and Towers, after the Man- 
ner that is now wore at Court. By their humble and 
obedient Servant, John Still. — The New-York Gazette 
Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, May 21, 1750. 



Stockings. — This is to give Notice, That EHzabeth 
Boyd, is going to remove next Door to the Widow Hog's 



326 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

in Broad Street, near the Long Bridge, and will continue, 
as usual, to graft Pieces in Knit Jackets and Breeches, 
not to be discern'd, also to graft and foot Stockings, and 
Gentlemen's Gloves, Mittens or Muffatees made out of 
old Stockings, or runs them in the Heels. She likewise 
makes Children's Stockings out of old ones; at a very 
reasonable Rate. — The New-York Gazette Revived in 
the Weekly Post-Boy, April 1, 1751. 



Cloak. — Lost last Wednesday, a blue Cloak, with two 
Capes, one of them Velvet, and under one of the Capes 
are three red Seals, with a Coat of Arms. . . . — The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
April 15, 1751. 



Gentlemen Thief Attire. — Runaway thief from the 
house of Mrs. Mary Bradock . . . wore a Silver-lac'd Hat, 
a dark cut Pigtail Wigg, a Cloth-colour'd Fustian Coat 
very short, with Velvet Cuffs and Collars, Breeches of 
the same with strings, a scarlet Vest, a light colour'd 
Duffle Great-Coat, a Pair of fine ribb'd worsted Stockings 
to roll over the knee, no Boots, a Pair of small Silver 
Buckles in his Shoes. . . . — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, July 30, 1753. 



Wigs. — Me givee de Avertisement to every Body of 
New- York . . . Yes, dammee, me advertisee for makee 
de Vig, Cuttee and curlee de Hair, dressee and shavee de 
Beard of the Ghentleman, selle de Pomate, and de 
Powdre, so sweet for de Hair, and de Vig, for makee de 
bon Approach to de Madam-moselle: . . . N. B. Me 
makee all in de Bon Taste, Alamode de Paris; and me no 
chargee above three Hundred per Cent, more dan all de 
Workmans in Town. 



COSTUME 


3! 


Me havee de Prises 


so. 


For dressee de Hair, 


£0 6 6 


For Curlee de Hair, 


4 


For Cuttee de Hair, 


6 6 


For makee de Bag, 


10 6 


For makee de Ramille, 


de Half de Pistole. 


For makee de Toupee, 


de Half of de Pistole. 


For Von Stick de Pomat. 


£0 2 6 


For Von Bottle de Lavender, 


4 



And so in de Proportion. — The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, January 5, 1756. 



Fashions from London. — Mary Wallace and demen- 
tia Ferguson, Just arrived from the Kingdom of Ireland, 
intend to follow the business of mantua-making, and 
have furnished themselves from London, in patterns of 
the following kind of wear, for ladies and gentlemen, and 
have fixed a correspondence so as to have from thence 
and London, the earliest fashions in miniature: They 
live at Mr. Peter Clark's within two doors of William 
Walton's, Esq ; in the Fly. Ladies and gentlewomen that 
will employ them, may depend on being expeditiously 
and reasonably served, in making the following articles, 
that is to say. Sacks, negligees, negligee-night-gowns, 
plain night-gowns, pattanlears, shepherdesses, roman- 
cloaks, cardinals, capuchins, dauphnesses, shades, lor- 
rains, bonnets and hives. — The New-York Mercury, 
January 3, 1757. 



Gold Laced Hat. — Lost, on Sunday the 6th instant, in 
the evening, between Blooming-Doll and New-York, a 
New Gold-Laced Hat. Whoever has found the same, 
and will bring it to the Printer hereof, shall be hand- 
somely rewarded for his trouble. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, December 5, 1757. 



328 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Shoes. — Knight and Company, at the London Shoe 
Ware-House, at Whitehall at the House of the late Cap- 
tain Moore. Where is to be sold by wholesale or retail, 
on the most reasonable terms, a good assortment of Lon- 
don made men's single channel pumps, neat shoes and 
pumps, with strong double soal shoes for working men, 
all sorts and sizes of boys and girls leather shoes, also 
a compleat assortment of Women's Calimancoes, ever- 
lasting and damask shoes made in the newest taste ; with 
women's strong toed clogs for the winter. 

N.B. As they intend dealing only in the above articles; 
the pubhck may depend on being always suppHed, as 
they will have a fresh assortment by every vessel from 
England.— r/ie New-York Gazette, October 29, 1759. 

Stays. — Clarke, Stay-Maker from London, makes 
Childrens Stays, Coats, SuUteens, Holhipt Stays, in the 
newest Fashions: Ladies that chuse to employ him, he 
is to be found the next Door to Mr. Roberts's in the 
Broad-Way, opposite the Bowling Green. — The New- 
York Mercury, June 30, 1760. 

Breeches. — John Baster, Leather-Seller and Breeches 
Maker, from London, at the Sign of the Buck and 
Breeches, opposite the Old Slip Market, Where he makes 
all Sorts of Leather Breeches, such as Buck, Doe, Lamb 
and Black, in the neatest Manner. Such of the Nobility, 
Gentry, and others, who please to favour him with their 
Custom, may be suppHed with the best in their Kind, By 
their most humble Servant, John Baster. — The New- 
York Gazette, October 5, 1761. 

Furs. — Alexander Solomons, Skinker [sic] and Furrier 
from London, at his Store, opposite to Henry HoUand, 
Esq; near the long-bridge, has just finished, and has for 
Sale, a fresh and genteel Assortment of the following 
Goods, viz. Muffs and Tippets, made of Ermine and 
Mock-Ermine, Sable and Mock-Sable, Squirrel and 
Mock-Squirrel, Superfine white Swanskin ditto, Furr 



COSTUME 329 

Trimmings for Cloaks of all sorts to suite Muffs and 
Tippets; all manner of Cloath lined with Furr and Furr 
caps made after the neatest Manner; Skins dressed. 
. . .—The New-York Gazette, October 26, 1761. 

Shoes. — To be Sold, by Alexander Montgomery, At 
the Fly-Market, next door to Mr. Brovort's, opposite 
Mrs. Rutgers's; A Parcel of greass'd leather, double and 
single channel'd pumps, stitch'd heel'd shoes and pumps, 
of the very best sort, from 14 to 26 s. per pair ; women's 
leather shoes and goloshoes, also a few boots and women's 
stays, with a general assortment of dry goods of all sorts, 
which he sells cheap for cash, short credit, or Connecticut 
lawful money, as he is newly set up there. — The New- 
York Mercury, January 3, 1763. 

Cloak. — Taken by mistake, from the King's arms 
tavern, last week, a Portugese cloak of brown camblet, 
lin'd with green baize, with a hood to it, mark'd on the 
inside W. The Gentleman who has it is desired to return 
it to the said tavern, which will oblige the owner. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, December 
1, 1763. 

Stockings (Annapolis, Maryland). — There has lately 
been made and sold at Mr. Beall's Stocking Manufactory 
in this City, a large Quantity of Thread Stockings with 
this Device in Place of the Clock, <JgHp^i-iO<;. — 
News item from Annapolis, Maryland, August 16, in The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, August 30, 
1764. 

Dress Regulations in Boston, Massachusetts. — It 
is with Pleasure we hear some of the principal Merchants 
in Boston, have come into a Resolution to curtail many 
Superfluities in Dress; and that upwards of fifty have 
already signed a certain Agreement for that Purpose. 
Lace, Ruffles, &c. are to be entirely laid aside: No 
English cloths to be purchased but at a fixed Price; The 



330 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

usual Manner of expressing their Regard, and Sorrow 
for a deceased Friend, or Relation, by covering them- 
selves in Black, is also in the List of Superfluities, and no 
Part thereof but the Cape [sic] in the Hat is retained; 
instead of which, a Piece of Crape is to be tied upon the 
Arm, after the Manner of the military Gentlemen. — 
News item from Newport, R. I., August 20, in The New- 
York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, August 30, 1764. 

Shoes. — Women's best Calemanco Shoes, Made in 
New- York, Equal, if not superior, to any made in Eng- 
land ; sold near Coentus's-Market, by James Wells, Who 
has also, a great Quantity of Men's and Boys Shoes for 
Sale.— The New-York Mercury, June 10, 1765. 

Hats. — Nesbett Deane, Hatter from Dublin, begs leave 
to acquaint the publick, that he has open'd shop iu 
Broadstreet, near the Royal Exchange, in New- York, 
where he manufactures and sells, all kinds of hats, viz. 
Finest beaver hats for clergymen, or other gentlemen; 
beaveret and castor hats ; black or white, plain or f urr'd, 
riding hats for ladies ; and black or white, plain or f urr'd, 
hats for children. . . . — The New-York Mercury, Oc- 
tober 21, 1765. 

Stays.— To be Sold by John M'Queen, At the Sign of 
the White Stays, in Smith-Street, near the Mayor's; A 
neat Assortment of Women and Maid's Stays, in the very 
newest Fashion, directly from London. Womens Pack- 
thread Jumps. New fashioned Crashets, fit for Ladies 
Morning Dress. Misses neat thin bound Stays of 
different Sorts and Sizes. Misses and Childrens Pack- 
thread Stays from one Month to seven Years old. . . . 
—The New-York Gazette, February 24, 1766. 

Artificial Hair. — . . . It is now the Mode to make 
the Lady's Head of twice the natural Size, by the Means 
of artificial Pads, Boulsters, or Rolls, over which their 
Hair is carefully combed, or frizzled to immitate the 



COSTUME 331 

shock Head of a Negro. It would be ridiculous to en- 
deavour to expose the Absurdity of Matters which would 
never bear reasoning about; but I have often wondered, 
since every Female Body is so disposed to enlarge their 
Stock of Hair, whence they procure a Sufficiency of Hair 
to cover the Rolls, of all Colours and Shades, which are 
exposed to Sale in every Milliner's Shop : And I cannot 
say but I was much diverted the other Day, when I was 
casually in a Harberdasher's Shop, where these Rolls 
were sold, and happened then to engage the Conversa- 
tion of the Customers. This Question was started by a 
young Girl, Where the Hair came from which covered 
these Rolls? Which an old Woman undertook to answer 
from her own Knowledge. She said, that in the Hos- 
pitals, whatever Patients died, their Hair became the 
Perquisite of the Nurses, who carefully sheared them, to 
supply this great Demand for Human Hair. That both 
the Small Pox, and a Distemper still more disagreeable, 
supplied the greatest Part: . . . — Letter to the Printer 
in The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, 
November 26, 1767. 

Dress Regulations in New London, Connecticut. 
— New London town meeting . . . And we further agree, 
That we will not, at any Funerals, use, any Gloves (black 
excepted) but what are manufactured here, nor procure 
any new Garments upon such Occasion, but what shall 
be absolutely necessary. — News item from New London 
in The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, 
February 11, 1768. 

Spatterdashes. — Aaron Eaton (jointly with his 
Father) Spatterdash-maker to his Majesty, lately arrived 
from London, Begs Leave to inform the Publick, that 
he has opened his Store at Mr. Ettridge's, Sadler, near 
the Oswego-Market, where he has to sell, on the most 
reasonable Terms, a general Assortment of long and 
short Spatterdashes, the latter being much used at 
present by the Gentlemen of the Army in England; . . . 



332 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

— The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 
23, 1768. 

Wigs. — John Cadogan, Peruke maker, and Hair 
Dresser, Makes bold to acquaint the ladies, gentlemen, 
and others, that he keeps a shop next to John Cruger, 
Esqrs, near the Old SHp Market; where he makes all 
manner of wigs in the newest taste now in vogue; also 
side locks and crown sheads, ladies crape fronted French 
curls, newest crape or plain stuffed rolls or towers ; the 
best roll and soft pomatum ; royal, chymical, and marble 
wash balls and perfumed hair powder. . . . — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 1, 1770 

Umbrella. — Mary Morcomb, Mantua-Maker, from 
London ; Living at Mr. Robert M' Alpine's, Book-Binder, 
in Beaver-Street; Makes all sorts of negligees, Brunswick 
dresses, gowns, and every other sort of lady's apparel; 
And also covers Umbrelloes in the neatest and most 
fashionable manner, at the lowest prices. . . . — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, May 7, 
1770. 

American Manufacture. — Last Tuesday, Henry 
Lloyd, Esq; set out [from Boston] on a Journey to New- 
York, Philadelphia and the Southern Colonies. And it 
was observed that that Gentleman's whole Apparel and 
Horse Furniture were of American Manufacture. His 
Clothes, Linnen, Shoes, Stockings, Boots, Gloves, Hatt, 
Wigg, and even Wigg Call, were all manufactured and 
made up in New-England — An Example truly worthy of 
Imitation! — News item from Boston, March 26, in The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 2, 
1770. 

Fur Hats. — Nesbitt Deane, Hatter, Having lately re- 
turned from Montreal, in Canada, with a good assort- 
ment of different furs, for the carrying on his business 
in the city of New- York, takes this opportunity to 



COSTUME 333 

acquaint the pubKc, that he has opened shop opposite 
the Merchant's coffee-house, where he carries on his 
business as usual, by making the best of beaver hats, 
both for ladies and gentlemen, and children's ware, both 
ruff and plain, either black, white, blue, green or red: 
He also makes good castor ditto, for men or children. 
. . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
February 11, 1771. 

Hats, Manufactured by the Advertiser, to exceed, in 
Fineness, Cut, Colour and Cock; and by a Method 
pecuhar to himself, to turn rain, and prevent the Sweat 
of the Head damaging the Crown. Such Gentry and 
others, who have experienced his AbiUty, 'tis hoped will 
recommend. Encouragement to those who buy to sell 
again. Nesbitt Deane. Aside the Coffee-House Bridge, 
New- York. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, July 1, 1771. 

Men's Apparel. — William Thorne, Taylor and Shop 
Keeper . . . will undertake to make middle sized men's 
cloths at the undermentioned prices, viz. 

A plain suit superfine cloth, £ 8 10 



Half trimmed, ditto, 


9 


Full drest, ditto. 


10 


Coat and waistcoat superfine cloth. 


6 15 


A suit best velvet any colour, lined with satin. 


38 


Suit figured Manchester velvet, 


15 10 


Suit ratteen trimmed with feather? 
velvet and gold buttons, J 




21 


Pair silk velveret breeches, 


2 


Single coat superfine cloth. 


5 


Plain suit second best cloth, 


7 


Coat and waistcoat ditto, 


5 5 


Surtout coat, best Bath beaver, 


2 15 


Plain cloth suit livery. 


5 16 


Ditto, with shag breeches. 


7 


Thickset frock and waistcoat. 


3 16 


Liver surtout coat, 


3 16 



Gentlemen who chuse to employ him, may depend on 
having their cloaths done in the genteelest manner. 



334 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Good encouragement to Journeymen Taylors. — The 
New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, March 2, 
1775. 

Stays. — John Jones, Stay-Maker, from London, . . . 
Takes this method to acquaint the ladies and gentry, that 
he makes all sorts of stays, both turn'd and single ; pack 
thread or bone, whale, waist, or French hips, &c. . . . — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, Janu- 
ary 11, 1773. 

Wigs. — Rawdon, Peruke-maker, and operator for 
Ladies and Gentlemens Hair, Has the pleasure of inform- 
ing the ladies, that he has acquir'd the true method of 
making the deservedly celebrated Hollow Toupees or 
Tates, which are held in such high estimation, that few 
ladies would choose to be without them. They are so 
light that they can scare be felt on the head, and may be 
worn with or without a hat, it being impossible (from 
their curious construction) for any pressure to injure 
them; they answer all the purposes of a hair dresser, 
never requiring any sort of repair from the time of their 
being made. . . . — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, August 2, 1773, 

Umbrella. — A Scarlet Coloured Umbrella, consider- 
ably faded, but not half worn, left by a Lady about 4 
weeks ago, at some house not recollected. . . . Cath: 
Van Dyke. — The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, June 30, 1774. 

Dress of Apprentices and Servants 

Brush Maker. — William Fletcher, a bought Servant, 
is Run away from his Master. ... He had on, when he 
went away, a dark coloured Kersey Coat with Brass 
Buttons, and Hned with Duroy, has leather Breetches, 
Short dark Hair, by Trade a Brush maker, pretends to 
be a Turner, he makes Mops, makes and mends Bellows. 
—The New-York Gazette, April 11-18, 1726. 



COSTUME 335 

Blacksmith. — Run away ... a Servant Man named 
William Gillam a Black smith by Trade. ... He was 
but indifferently Cloathed when he went away, having 
but Part of a Shirt to his Back and a yellow coloured 
Jacket with Pewter Buttons; . . . Forty Shillings Re- 
ward. . . .—The New-York Gazette, December 30, 1729- 
January 6, 1730. 

Man Servant. — Run away from Richard Bishop, a 
Servant Man named John Farrant, about nineteen years 
of Age, ... he had on when he went away a brown 
livery Coat and Breeches, the Coat lined and cuffed with 
blue, a blue Shoulder knot a black Natural Wig, and a 
Pair of red Stockings. Whoever takes up the said Ser- 
vant and bring him to Mr. Charles Robinson at Capt 
Courter's on the Dock shall have Five Pounds Reward. 
—The New-York Gazette, August 10-17, 1730. 

Woman Servant. — Ran away from Joseph Reade of 
the City of New- York, Merchant the 14th of November 
1732 a likely Mullatto Servant Woman, named Sarah, 
she is about 24 years of Age, and has taken with her a 
Callico Suit of Cloaths, a striped Satten Silk Wast-coat, 
Two Homespun Wast-coats and Petty-coats; she is a 
handj^ Wench, can do all sorts of House-work, speaks 
good English and some Dutch. . . . Five Pounds as a 
Reward. . . . — The New-York Gazette, November 13- 
20, 1732. 

Brick Maker. — Runaway on Tuesday last from 
Nathaniel Hazard of New- York, a lusty lad about 18 or 
19 Years of Age, named Robert Hill, a West Country 
Man . . . had on when he went away, a Cinnamon 
colour'd plain course Kersey Coat, with large flat metal 
Buttons, a pair of Tow Trowsers, thick Shoes, an old 
Felt Hat, a Brick-maker by Trade, and understands 
something of Farmers Work. . . . Forty Shillings as a 
Reward. . . . — The New-York Weekly Journal, Decem- 
ber 31, 1733. 



336 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Joiner. — Run away from Thomas Rigby, of the City 
of New- York, Joyner, an indented Servant Man named 
John Howey, about 21 years of Age. He is an Irish Man, 
and a Joyner by Trade, of a middle Stature, ... he 
wears a Wigg, had on when he went away a blew Duffels 
Coat, Ozenbrigs Wast-Coat, and a Pair of Buck-Skin 
Britches, a Speckl'd Shirt, a new Felt Hat, and a Pair 
of Yarn Stockings ... 5 Pounds as a Reward. . . . — 
The New-York Weekly Journal, October 14, 1734. 

Man Servant. — Run away from Hugh Waddell, of the 
City of New- York, Merchant, a Servant Man named 
Adam Gray, about 19 Years of Age, had on when he went 
away a blew Coat, edged with Red, and Yellow Metal 
Buttons, a red Wast-coat with yellow Metal Buttons, 
Leather Breeches very greasy, gray Stockings, a Pair of 
small steel Buckles in his Shoes and wears a black Wigg. 
He also took with him a Steel Gray Cloath Coat trim'd 
and lin'd with Black, and a Snuff coloured Wast-Coat 
... 30 s. as a Reward. . . . — The New-York Weekly 
Journal, October 14, 1734. 

Man Servant. — Ran away from John Lester of Hemp- 
stead in Queens-County on Nassau Island, a Servant 
Man. ... He had on when he went away, a Red Duffi's 
Coat, a brown Broad cloth Wastcoat, a light Coloured 
Durois Coat, and a black CaHminco Wastcoat & Breeches. 
Twenty Shillings Reward. . . . — The New-York Gazette, 
December 8-15, 1735. 

Man Servant. — Ran away from John Wallace of the 
City of New- York, a Servant Man. . . . He is mark'd 
on one of his hands with I. B. has a homespun grey Coat, 
brown Ozenbrigs, or whitish Cloth Breeches, blackish 
Woolen Stockins, and brass Buckles, has a white Shirt, 
a Woolen Cap, a Silk Muzlain Handkerchief, and an old 
Felt Hat. . . . Forty ShilHngs Reward. . . .—The New- 
York Gazette, September 20-October 4, 1736. 



COSTUME 337 

Negro Man. — Ran away from John Wooly in the 
Township of Hempstead in Queens-County on Nassau 
Island, in the Province of New York, a Negro Man, about 
the Age of Twenty Three years; had on when he went 
away, a course Felt Hat, a grey Home-spun Drugget 
Coat, about half worn, a Vest of the same, short Toe- 
Oznabrig Trowzers, grey Yarn Stockins, . . . Forty 
ShiUings as a Reward, . . . — The New-York Gazette, 
July 11-18, 1737. 

Negro Woman. — Ran away from John Bell of the City 
of New- York, Carpenter, one Negro Woman, named 
Jenney, . . . had on when she went away, a Birds ey'd 
Waistcoat and Pettycoat of a darkish colour, and a 
Callico Waistcoat with a large red flower, and a broad 
stripe, a Callico Pettycoat with small stripes, and small 
red flowers. . . . Three Pounds as a Reward. . . . — The 
New-York Gazette, December 12-19, 1737. 

Maid Servant. — Run away from Capt. Langden of the 
City of New- York a Servant Maid . . . had on when 
she went away, a homespun striped wastcoat and Peti- 
coat, blew-stockings and new Shoes, and with her a 
Calico Wraper, and a striped Calamanco Wrapper, be- 
sides other Claaths; . . . Twenty Shillings Reward. 
. . . — The New-York Weekly Journal, January 22, 1739. 

English Servant. — Run away from William Mau- 
gridge, of this City, Ship-Joiner, an English Servant, 
. . . Had on when he went away a Bever Hat, white 
linnen Cap, mixt Duroy Coat, ozenbrigs Trowsers, 
worsted Stockings, and new shoes. . . . Forty Shillings 
Reward. . . . — The New-York Weekly Journal, July 6, 
1741. 

Man Servant. — Run away a Servant Man named 
Francis Jones . . . had on when he went away a felt 
Hat, a new worsted Cap, a Surtute Frize Coat, a new 
Check'd Shirt, a pair of Silk Camblet Breeches, a pair 



338 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

of new homespun thread Stockings, a new pair of Shoes, 
and sundry Old Cloaths. . . . Twenty ShilHngs Reward. 
. . . — The New-York Weekly Journal, July 20, 1741. 

Fiddler. — Run away a Negro Man. ... He had on 
when he went away a brown Kersey Wast-coat lined 
with Red Penistone a Black Stock with a Silver Clasp a 
Pair of Osenbrigs Trowsers and Breeches and Osenbrigs 
Shirt, a strip'd WoUen Cap, square toed Shoes, and an 
old Hat, he took with him a red double Breasted Stroud 
Wast-coat, lined with blue Shallon and trim'd with 
Black, he is a Fidler. . . . Reward of Three Pounds. 
. . . — The New-York Weekly Journal, September 7, 
1741. 

Irish Servant. — Run away from his Master ... an 
Irish Servant . . . had on when he went away a dark 
Drab Cloath Coat, red Shaloon Lining and large Brass 
Buttons; . . . — The New-York Weekly Journal, Decem- 
ber 21, 1741. 

Irish Servant. — Runaway from Samuel Brant . . . 
An Irish Servant Man . . . had on when he went away, 
a Felt Hat, a blue drab jacket, an outside Jacket black 
and white, homespun drugged shorter than the blue one. 
Buttons covered with the same, lin'd with blewish home- 
spun duroys, a pair of Leather Breeches, blewish Yarn 
Stockings, and a pair of double Soal'd Shoes, . . . Forty 
Shilhngs as a Reward. . . . — The New-York Weekly 
Journal, March 22, 1742. 

English Servant. — Ran away on Wednesday the 25th 
of January last, from Thomas Stanaland, near Bristol, 
in Bucks County, and Province of Pensilvania, an Eng- 
lish Servant Man . . . had on when he went away, a 
hght-colour'd plain Duroys Coat with Mohair Buttons, 
one Button at each Pocket, a Pair of Breeches of the 
same, with three Buttons at each Pocket, and five at each 
Knee, two Jackets, one striped Linnen and the other 



COSTUME 339 

brown Woollen, Woollen Stockings, good Shoes, and a 
good Felt Hat. He took with him a Bundle in which was 
an old Pair of Leather Breeches, Trousers, Shoes and 
Stockings, also some Knives, Razors and old Buckles. 
. . . Three Pounds Reward. . . . — The New-York 
Weekly Post-Boy, February 6, 1744. 

Man Servant. — Run away from Rice Williams of the 
City of New- York, a Servant Man. . . . Had on when 
he went away a dark colour'd Coat, a Linnen Jacket, a 
Worsted Cap, two Ozenbrigs Shirts, a Pair of blew Cloath 
Breeches, a Pair of new Shoes with Brass Buckles, Yarn 
Stockings, . . . Forty ShilUngs as a Reward. . . . — The 
New-York Gazette, August 13-20, 1744. 

Woman Servant. — . . . Gone from her Lodgings at 
Long-Island Ferry, . . . had on when she went away a 
white Quilted Peticoat, a black and white Calicoat & 
Wraper and also a Stuff red and white striped Wraper. 
. . . — The New-York Weekly Journal, October 15, 1744. 

English Man Servant. — Run away the 16th Inst, 
from Peter Cochran, of the City of New-Brunswick, an 
English Servant Man. ... He had on when he went 
away, a red Cloath Coat with metal Buttons, slash 
Sleeves and striped homespun Lining, a blue Cloath 
Jacket, a check Shirt, Leather Breeches, light colour'd 
Worsted Stockings, new Shoes, a Felt Hat, and a Linnen 
Cap or a Wig: . . . Forty Shillings New- York Currency, 
Reward. . . . — The New-York Weekly Post Boy, June 
3, 1745. 

Apprentice. — Runaway . . . Irish apprentice Lad. 
. . . Had on when he went away, blue Drugget coat 
Jacket and Breeches check Trowsers, several check Shirts, 
black Worsted Stokings old Shoes with Brass Buckles, 
a Felt Hat and a Worsted Cap. . . . — New-York Weekly 
Journal, June 10, 1745. 



340 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Negro Man. — Run away ... a Negro Man . . . had 
on, a darkish Coloured Woolen Coat, Country Make, 
brown Jacket, old Buck-Skin Breeches, and an old 
Beaver-Hat . . . forty Shillings Reward. . . . — The 
New-York Evening Post, February 10, 1746. 

Negro Man. — Run away from Barent Van Deventer, 
of Flat-Bush, ... a Negro Man . . . had on When he 
Went away a Linning striped, Jacket, a Pair of Home- 
spun Breeches, a Blewish Pair of Stockings, and an old 
Pair of Shoes, a good Felt Hat ... 30 ShilUngs Reward. 
. . . — The New-York Evening Post, November 24, 1746. 

Irish Man Servant. — Run away ... an Irish Ser- 
vant named Cornehus Sullivan, . . . Had on when he 
went away, a Castor Hat almost new, a brown Broad 
Cloth Coat, Oznabrigs Shirt, petticoat Trowsers, yarn 
Stockings, Calf Skin Shoes with Buckles in them. . . . 

N.B. The above Fellow says that he work'd last winter 
at the Iron Works, above New- York, and since foUow'd 
Boating to and from New- York, during which Time he 
had deserted his Masters Service, and on the 27th of 
August was brought home, and has again deserted. — The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the New-York Weekly 
Post-Boy, September 11, 1749. 

Man Servant. — Run-away from Cornelius Vanhorne 
of the City of New- York, Merchant on or about the 22 
of December last, a Servant Man, . . . Had on when he 
went away, a Cloth Jacket faced with Velvet, a dress'd 
Sheep-Skin Breeches, a pair of homespun Stockings, a 
Leather Jockey Cap, is a pretty talkative Fellow, pre- 
tends to be a Coachman, and brought up to attend a 
Table. Whoever takes up and secures said Servant, so 
that he may be had again, shall have a Pistole Reward 
and all reasonable Charges, paid by Cornelius Van- 
horne. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, January 8, 1750. 



COSTUME 341 

Negro Wench. — Run away on the fourth of February- 
last, from Robert James Livingston, a tall likely Negro 
Wench, named Nell, about 36 Years of Age: Had on 
when she went away, a blue Penniston Petticoat, a short 
blue and white homespun Gown, with a short blue Duffils 
Cloak and Straw Bonnet; she is mark'd with nine Spots 
on each Temple, and nine on her Forehead. Whoever 
takes up said Wench so that her Master may have her 
again, shall have Twenty ShilHngs Reward, and all rea- 
sonable Charges, paid by Robert Ja. Livingston. — The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
March 5, 1750. 

Irish Maid Servant. — Run-away the 3d. Inst, from 
Francis Dudley of this City, carpenter, an Irish Maid 
Servant. . . . Had on when she went away, a brown 
and yellow strip'd Stuff Gown, fac'd and rob'd with green 
Silk, and has been since seen with a blue Gown on, and 
a blue Petticoat. . . . Twenty Shillings Reward. . . . — 
The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
March 18, 1751. 

Man Servant. — Run away yesterday, from Nicholas 
Bayard, a Bristol Servant Man named James Caselick. 
. . . Had on when he went away an Ozenbrigs Coat, a 
green Ratteen Vest, new brown Cloth Breeches, new 
brown Wig, and a Beaver Hat about half worn; he also 
took with him a red Ratteen Coat with Brass Buttons 
one of the Sleeves having a long Cut in it, as also 
speckled Trowsers; . . . Three Pounds Reward. . . . — 
The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
October 8, 1750. 

Man Servant. — Run away . . . man servant. . . . 
Had on when he went away, a brown jacket. Check 
Trowers, Shoes and Stockings, an old Castor Hat, and 
a white Linnen shirt ; he has stolen from his said Master, 
a dark grey Coat, a silk Jacket of orange and purple 
Colour, with the back Parts of light colour'd Fustian, a 



342 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

scarlet Waistcoat, two grey wigs. . . . Three Pounds Re- 
ward. . . . — The New-York Gazette Revived in the 
Weekly Post-Boy, August 19, 1751. 

Maid Servant. — Ran away last night from Moses 
Clement, in the Broadway, an Irish Servant Maid. . . . 
Had on when she went away a light brown Camblet 
gown, a brown quilted Petticoat, a pair of Stays, white 
apron and white Handkerchief. . . . — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, January 6, 
1752. 

Man Servant. — Runaway on Wednesday 22 of Janu- 
ary last, from George Burns, Tavern-keeper in New 
York, near long-Bridge, a Servant Man, of about 23 
years of age. Had on when he went away a Bearskin 
Coat made Frock Fashion, with a scarlet Jacket with 
green Velvet Lepells, and a strip'd Flannel Jacket under 
it, a check Shirt, and Buckskin Breeches, white or blue 
Worsted Stockings, a brown bob Wig, and a large brim'd 
Beaver Hat, round toe'd Shoes, with square Steel 
Buckles. Whoever takes up said Servant, so that his 
master may have him again, shall have Forty ShiUings 
Reward, and all reasonable charges Paid by George 
Burns. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, February 17, 1752. 

Chimney Sweeper. — Ran away ... a chimney- 
sweeper by trade. Had on when he went away, a new 
Homespun Kersey Coat, of a mix'd Colour and a jacket 
of the same kind somewhat worn. Leather Breeches, blue 
stockings, new shoes ty'd with Leather Strings, Oznabrigs 
Shirt, with a Linnen Handkerchief round his Neck, and 
an old Wool Hat, with a Tow String for a Hatband; 
. . . Forty ShiUings Reward. . . . — The New-York 
Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, April 20, 1752. 

Men Servants. — Runaway from Elias Degrushe, of 
this City, Rope-maker, . . . two Servant Men; one 



COSTUME 343 

named Richard Poole, a West Countryman, . . . had on 
when he went away short black Hair, a new English 
Castor-Hat, a half-worn Hght-colour'd Frize Coat, 
scorch'd at the Bottom of the left Skirt, a blue Serge 
Jacket, and a red Cloth one without Sleeves, a Check 
Shirt, blue Camblet Breeches, brown Yarn Stockings, 
and new Shoes with broad rimm'd Brass Buckles in them. 
He may probably pass for a Rope-maker. The other 
named Thomas Jenkins, . . . had on when he went 
away, a half-worn Beaver-Hat, worsted Cap, a Hght- 
colour'd Cloth Coat, a blue Serge Waistcoat and a 
Flannel one. Check Shirt, Ught colour'd Dimity Breeches, 
Yarn Stockings and new Shoes. . . . Three Pounds Re- 
ward for each, . . . — The New-York Gazette Revived in 
the Weekly Post-Boy, May 25, 1752. 

Indian Wench and Child. — Runaway on the 4th of 
December last, from Peter Brouwer, of the City, an 
Indian wench named Mary, with her Child named 
Hannah . , . had on when she run away, a purple Calico 
Wrapper, a homespun short Gown, homespun striped 
Petticoat, and a green Quilt; Her child had on, a double 
Stuff Gown the one Side a Bird Eye, and the other blue, 
a homespun Gown, blue Camblet Petticoat, and a striped 
Flannel one. . . . Forty ShilUngs Reward. . . . — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Post-Boy, February 
5, 1753. 

Negro Wench. ^ — Run away, from the subscriber, in 
New- York, on Friday the 6th. Instant, a well-set negro 
wench, named Jane: Had on when she went away, a 
green waistcoat and blue petty coat; and is supposed to 
be harbour'd by some of her own colour in or about this 
City. Whoever takes up and secures the said wench, so 
that her master may have her again, shall receive Twenty 
Shillings reward, and all reasonable charges paid by 
Anthony Lamb. 

1 This is the first time an advertisement accompanied by a picture 
of a nmaway slave or servant appeared in any New York City news- 
paper. 



344 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

N.B. Said Wench lately belonged to John Burling, who 
gave her a note or pass, to look for a master, which she 
may possibly make use of now, the better to go unmo- 
lested.— T/ie New-York Mercury, April 30, 1753. 

Negro Slave. — Run away ... a Negroe Man Slave, 
. . . Had on when he went away, a course Linnen Jacket 
and Trowsers, old Shoes and Stockings, he has been for- 
merly out a Privateering with Capt. Tingley, and it is 
suppos'd he may attempt to get on board some Vessel to 
go out. . . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Post-Boy, July 30, 1753. 

Coppersmith. — Run away on the 27th of February 
last, from Richard Kip, of this City, an Apprentice Lad. 
. . . Had on when he went off, a green Jacket, with a 
green under One, blue Breeches, grey stockings, large 
Pewter Buckles, Castor Hat, has a check shirt, is a cop- 
per by trade, . . . three Dollars Reward. . . . — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, April 10, 
1758. 

Woman Servant. — Run-away from Judah Hays, of 
this City of New- York, Merchant ... a German Serv- 
ant Woman. . . . Had on when she went away, a striped 
linsey Josey, and a blue Half-thick Pettycoat, She has 
also taken with her, a striped Bird's-Eye Stuff Gown, 
one red Calico, do. a red Calico Josey and Pettycoat, and 
sundry other wearing apparel. . . . Forty Shillings 
Reward. . . . — The New-York Mercury, Ma,y 29, 175S. 

Shoemaker. — Run away ... an apprentice lad 
named George M'Clary, about nineteen years of age, by 
trade a shoemaker, . . . Had on when he went away, a 
blue cloth coat and breeches, the coat lined with white, 
two blue waistcoats, one pair of worsted stockings, one 
pair yarn ditto, both light blue, new shoes with odd 
buckles, and a half worn castor hat: . . . Thirty Shil- 



COSTUME 345 

lings reward. . . . — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, October 30, 1758. 

Servant Man. — Three Pounds Reward, Run-away 
from the Subscriber in Trenton, a Servant Man, named 
Peter Marsh, about 30 Years of Age. . . . Had on and 
took with him, an old Felt Hat, a Half worn blue Broad- 
cloth Coat, with short close Cuffs, long Waiste, and short 
Skirts, blue Cloth Jacket, with brass Buttons and red 
lining; Ozenburgs Shirt, but probably may have other 
fine Shirts with him; a Pair of black Knit Breeches; 
brown ribbed and grey Yam Stockings, and may also 
have some black Worsted ones; half worn Shoes, with 
plain Brass Buckles in them. . . . Ralph Norton. — 
The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, April 
5, 1764. 



Apprentice Boy. — Run away ... an Apprentice 
Boy. . . . Had on when he went away a blue Cloth Coat, 
a striped Cotton Waistcoat, a brown Pair of Breeches, a 
narrow brim'd Hat, bound with Tape ... 40 s. Reward. 
. . . — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
May 31, 1764. 

Gunsmith. — Fifty Dollars Reward. Run- Away from 
the subscriber, an English convict servant man, named 
Benjamin Sagers, a blacksmith and gunsmith by trade, 
. . . Had on when he went away, a white shirt, blue 
coat, striped trowsers, spotted stockings, new pumps, 
and an old beaver hat cut in the fashion, . . . Whoever 
takes up and secures the said servant in any of his 
Majesty's gaols, so that his master may have him again, 
shall have, if twenty miles from home. Forty ShilHngs, 
if forty miles. Four Pound, if eighty miles, Eight Pounds, 
and if one hundred miles, the above reward, and reason- 
able charges, if brought home, paid by Aweray Richard- 
son. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
October 16, 1775. 



346 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Negro Man. — Run away ... a Negro man named 
Glasgow . . . had on and took with him a light grey 
home spun coat, very large and lined with striped linsy, 
a dark brown waistcoat, with white metal buttons and 
lined with the same cloth of his coat ; buckskin breeches, 
mended in the seat, a narrow brimmed felt hat ; two pair 
of grey stockings, one ditto worsted, and a pair of half 
worn shoes, with brass buckles . . . eight dollars reward, 
. . . — The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, 
January 22, 1767. 

Apprentice. — Five Pounds Reward. Run-away the 
6th instant, July, from Joseph Wicks, of Huntington, on 
Long-Island, Copper, an apprentice named David Kelly, 
a lusty young man, of about 19 years of age, . . . had 
on when he went away, a blue broad cloth waistcoat, 
white shirt, whitish strip'd or tow trowsers, a felt hat, 
worsted stockings, and old shoes. . . . — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, August 6, 1767. 

Caulker. — Run-away from his Master, Caleb Corn- 
well, living in Hempstead, ... a Negro Man named 
Shier, about 40 Years of Age ... is by Trade a Caulker: 
Had on when he went away a Castor Hat, homespun 
Cloth Colour'd Jacket, Trowsers, blue rib'd Stockings, 
and Brass Buckles in his Shoes . . . Twenty ShiUings 
Reward. . . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, June 27, 1768. 

Man Servant. — Run-away ... an Irish Servant 
Man. . . . Had on when he went away, a white Jacket 
with Sleeves, a Pair of Long white Trowsers, Check Shirt, 
and a good Hat with a Large Brim . . . Fifty ShilUngs 
Reward. . . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, June 25, 1770. 

Negro Man. — Run away ... a negro man named 
Bristol ; . . . Had on, when he went away, a dark brown 
cloth coat, with pinchbeck buttons, Jacket of a lighter 



COSTUME 347 

colour, with wooden buttons; a beaver hat, about two 
thirds worn, white shirt, white Jane Breeches, yarn or 
worsted hose, brown colour ; thin shoes with buckles, and 
is very subject to drink . . . thirty shillings reward. . . . 
— The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, 
June 25, 1772. 

Men Servants. — Eight Dollars Reward. Run away 
. . . John Brown . . . had on when he went away, a 
dark coloured Bear-Skin Jacket, blue Plush Breeches 
pieced behind with Buck-Skin, an old Felt Hat, blue 
Stockings, old ribbed leggings over them, old Shoes that 
have been soaled, the little Toe of his right Foot stands 
up. The other named David Smith, . . . had on when 
he went away, a dark Bear-Skin Jacket, a light coloured 
under ditto, the hind Part of which is of a darker colour, 
old Leather Breeches patched before, a half worn 
Wool Hat, coarse hght coloured ribbed Stockings, old 
Shoes, . . . 

Whoever takes up and secures said Servants, so that 
their Master may have them again, shall receive the 
above Reward, or five Dollars for Brown, and three for 
Smith, . . . — The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, April 15, 1773. 

Negro Man. — Twenty Shillings Reward, Ran-away 
... a negro man named Tom, had on when he went 
away, an old beaver hat, a blue homespun coat and 
jacket, greasy leather breeches, old grey stockings and 
half worn shoes, speaks Low Dutch and English. 

Whoever apprehends him on this side of Kingsbridge, 
shall have the above reward, and if on the other side 
Forty Shilhngs paid by me. Daniel Enslee, Butcher in 
the Fly Market. — The Constitutional Gazette, April 27, 
1776. 



PAINTING AND GLAZING 
Painters and Glaziers 

Thomas & James Barrow, Painters, in Broad-street, 
near the City-Hall, have for sale. Best London red lead, 
dry, at 40s. per C. wt. fine Ball Whiting for whitewash- 
ing. Lampblack by the Paper or small Barrel, Linseed 
Oyl, Window Glass and Putty, also Painters and Limners 
Colours of all sorts, prepared and sold at a reasonable 
Rate. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
September 7, 1772. 

John Baldwin, Begs Leave to acquaint the Public, 
that he will perform House painting, gilding, glazing, 
&c. after the most accurate Method now followed in 
London, Viz. Dead White, and all Sorts of shining 
Colours, in the most beautiful and exquisite Manner; 
destroys the knots that defects the painting, likewise 
purifies and strengthens the Oyl, especially for out-side 
Work, which is greatly required being the Sun is so pene- 
trating. Those Gentlemen that would be pleas'd to 
favour him with their Custom, may depend upon having 
it done efectually, after the cheapest and expeditious 
Manner, that shall bear the nicest Inspection. By the 
publick's most obedient humble Servant, John Baldwin. 
N.B. Please to enquire for said Baldwin, at Mr. John 
Edward Pryer's, Master Builder, in Oswego-Street. — The 
New-York Mercury, March 10, 1766. 

John Delamontaine. — . . . Request to settle the 
estate of John Delamontaine, painter and glazier . . , 
Catherine Delamontaine, Executrix. — The New York 
Journal and the General Advertiser, January 7, 1773. 

348 



PAINTING AND GLAZING 349 

Gerardus Duyckinck, Living near the old Slip Mar- 
ket in New- York, continues to carry on the Business of 
his late Father deceas'd, Viz. Limning, Painting, Var- 
nishing, Japanning, Gilding, Glasing, and Silvering of 
Looking-Glasses, all done in the best Manner. 

He also will teach any young Gentleman the art of 
Drawing, with Painting on Glass; and sells all sorts of 
Window-Glasses, white lead, oil and Painter's Colours. — 
The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, August 18, 1746. 

William Dowdall, Ship and house painting, glazing 
and graining mahogany, gilding on oyl, and distemper, 
with cleaning of pictures, in the neatest and best manner, 
by the subscriber, to be found at Capt. Doran's on the 
dock. William Dowdall. 

Whoever chuses to employ the said WilHam Dowdall, 
may depend on having their work done in such a manner, 
that if it does not please the employer, no reward will be 
required. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, June 1, 1772. 

John Earl. — To be Sold. An assortment of Choice 
Window-Glass, by the Box, half Box or single Pane, of 
all Sizes, at reasonable Rates; As also Painting and 
Glazing Work is done after the best Manner with all 
Expedition, by John Earl, living at Beekman's Slip. — 
The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, August 7, 1749. 

Flagg & Searle, Glaiziers and Painters, in Broad- 
street, opposite Mr. William Gilliland's Store; Take this 
Method to inform the Publick, that they do all Sorts of 
Glaizing, House, Ship and Coach Painting; Hkewise 
Jappaning, Lacquering, &c. after the neatest Manner. 
Any Gentleman that please to favour them with their 
Custom (as they are young Beginners) may depend upon 
their Commands being executed with care and Dispatch. 
N.B. At the same Place may be had, a few Painter's 
Colours, Brushes, Tools, &c. — The New-York Mercury, 
July 1, 1765. 



350 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Sebastian Gueubel. — To the Nobility and Gentry, 
Sebastian Gueubel, Just arrived in this City, Has for 
sale, a quantity of beautiful Furniture, elegantly painted 
and varnished in the Japan Taste ; he has some compleat 
Toilets, He also undertakes to paint and varnish coaches 
and chairs in the same manner ; Hopes the gentlemen and 
ladies will favour him with their custom, at his lodgings 
at Mr. Cornelius Sebring's, in Wall-street, where his work 
may be seen. 

N.B. Any Gentlemen and ladies desirous to learn 
painting and drawing will be carefully taught by their 
Most humble servant, Sebastian Gueubel. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 1, 1771. 

-Gueubel, Coach Painter and Gilder, At the upper 



End of New-Street, near the City-Hall, Paints all Sorts 
of Flowers, Coats of Arms, etc. in the Neatest Manner. — 
The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 
27, 1772. 

John Haydock. — Run away the 26th of September 
last, from John Haydock, of this City, Painter, a German 
Woman . . . — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Post-Boy, October 1, 1753. 

John Humble. — Just imported from London, and to 
be sold by John Humble, Painter and Glazier, opposite 
the French Church in New- York. White lead, red lead, 
Spanish brown, Spanish white, Venetian red, English oker, 
spruce yellow, blue smalt, vermilHon, prussian blue, 
india red, verdigrease, umber, white vitriol, gold and 
silver leaf, brushes, tools, pencils, oyl, and sundry other 
things relating to the business: As also all sorts of 
Crown window glass to be sold by the pane or box, at 
reasonable rates, — The New-York Gazette Revived in 
the Weekly Post-Boy, September 26, 1748. 

Peter Norie. — Sign, Ship, and House Painting, Per- 
formed in the neatest manner, and at the most reason- 



PAINTING AND GLAZING 351 

able rates, by Peter Norie, Living in Roosevelt-Street, 
opposite Mr. Sigard's Blacksmith. — The Constitutional 
Gazette, June 8, 1776. 

Christian Livingston. — To be sold ... A House 
and Lot of Ground on Cow-foot-Hill, near the New Sugar 
House, now occupied by Christian Livingston, Painter, 
being Part of the Estate of Peter Swigard, deceased. . . . 
— The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, 
October 26, 1772. 

Joseph Northrup. — This is to give Notice, That 
Joseph Northrup is removed into the Sloot, behind Mr. 
Henry Cruger's, in the House Obadiah Wells, formerly 
liv'd, where he sells all Sorts of Paints made fine by 
Hundred or small Quantities, Dry or ground in Oyl 
Glazing Lead, Glass, Painting brushes, &c. and does all 
Sorts of Painting and Glazing Work at reasonable Rates. 
N.B. He gives ready money for Hogs Bristles. — The 
New-York Evening Post, June 12, 1748. 

Jacobus Tiedeman. — To be Sold . . . two good 
DwelUng-Houses . . . lately in the Possession of Jacobus 
Tiedeman, Painter. . . . — The New-York Gazette Re- 
vived in the Weekly Post-Boy, October 2, 1752. 

John Watson. — In a real estate notice mention is 
made of a John Watson, painter. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, January 21, 1765. 

Obadiah Wells. — To be sold by Obadiah Wells, living 
in the Sloot behind Mr. Henry Cruger's, Window-Glass 
of all Sizes with large Ball-Eyes for Sky lights, or small 
one for Dores; with Putty, Paints, and Oyl, drawn Lead, 
Chalk fine or corse, where Colours are made fine by the 
100 or less Quantity, as also glazing or painting Work is 
done, and ready Mony for Hogs Bristles: A Parcel of 
good smook-dryed Bass to be sold. — The New-York 
Evening Post, March 31, 1746. 



352 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Obadiah Wells. — To be Sold, by Obadia Wells in 
the Sloat, window Glass, Glaizers Lead, Barrled, Sheat- 
lead, Paints dry or Ground in Oyl, by the Cask. Hun- 
dred or less Quantity, such as White lead, Red-lead, 
Indian red, Spanish Brown, Oaker, Yallow, &c. Also 
Coperas & Rossin, by the Cask or Hundred, Vermillion, 
Prutian-blue, Umber, Spruce-Oaker, an excellent Glazirs 
Vice, which draws two sorts of Lead; also a Band Vice 
with many things necessary for the Business mentioned. 

Where all sorts of glazing and painting and Glazing 
Work is done and Glass Lantorns made and mended at 
reasonable Rates. N.B. Ready Money for Hogs Bristles. 
— The New-York Evening Post, January 11, 1748. 

Joseph Woodruff. — All Persons that have any De- 
mands on the Estate of Joseph Woodruff, Painter, de- 
ceas'd, are desired to pay their Accounts, . . . — The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Post-Boy, September 
9, 1762. 

Frederick Wotses. — The Estate of Frederick Wotses, 
painter and glazier late of this city, to be settled. — The 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Mercury, February 12, 
1776. 

Window Glass and Paints 

Window Glass. — Anne Vanderspiegel, Widow gives 
her shop to her son John Vanderspiegel where all sorts 
of Window Glass is sold. — The New-York Gazette, Feb- 
ruary 17-22, 1737. 

Window Glass. — John Vanderspiegel moves out of 
New- York City and wishes his debts cleared . . . cus- 
tomers that use to buy window glass from him to apply 
to Raphael Goelet. — The New-York Weekly Post-Boy, 
February 3, 1746. 

Diamond Glass. — Just imported, and to be Sold by 
Raphael Goelet in Maiden-Lane, near the late Mr. 



PAINTING AND GLAZING 353 

Anthony Rutgers, a New Supply of Window Crown- 
Glass of different Sizes, and Crates of Diamond Glass, 
also Barr and White Lead, Oyl, and all Sorts of Painting 
Colours. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly 
Post-Boy, June 8, 1747. 

Crown Window Glass. — To be sold by John Humble, 
Painter and Glazier, in Crown-Street, in one of Mr. 
Hayne's new Houses, near the New Dutch-Church, viz. 
Paints of all colours, and best Linseed Oyl, also best 
Crown Window Glass, viz. 6 by 4, 7 by 5, 6 by 8, 7 by 9, 
8 by 10, 9 by 11, 10 by 12, 11 by 13, 12 by 14, 13 by 17, 
17 by 20, and Sheet Glass. Also a fine Glazier's Vise 
and several other Things belonging to the Business. — 
The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
April 30, 1750. 

Glass Lamps. — At the last Session of Assembly, an 
Act was passed, to prevent the Breaking or injuring of 
Glass Lamps in the City of New- York; upon which 
several Gentlemen and others, have since put up Lamps 
in the Streets, at their Houses and many more design to 
do the same, to the great Ornament of the City, and 
Benefit of the Inhabitants. — News item in The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, Decem- 
ber 23, 1751. 

Glass Lamps. — Last Monday night several of the 
Glass-Lamps put up About this City, were taken down 
by Persons unknown, and left whole in the Meal-Market, 
all together: It is thought to be done by some daring 
Rakes in order to Convince the Owners, how easy those 
Lamps might be demolished without Discovery; but they 
would do well to reflect, that if the tastless Satisfaction 
and Meaness of such Action be not enough to deter them, 
yet that, however often the Pitcher may go safe to the 
Well, it comes home broke at last: And in particular in 
a Case, thought to be so much for the Good of the Pub- 
lick, as to engage the immediate Attention of the Legis- 



354 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

lature; they would meet with little Mercy; besides stig- 
matized, with what ought to be the most odious of Names 
viz. Enemies of their Country. — News item in The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy , February 
3, 1752. 

Paints. — Just imported in the last Ships from Lon- 
don by G. Duyckinck, at his House on the Dock, next 
Door to the Sign of the Prince of Orange, near the Old- 
Shp. White-Lead, Red-Lead, Spanish Brown, English, 
French, Spruce and Stone Oker, Indian and Venetian 
Red, Ivory, Frankford and Lamp-Black, Umber CuUin's 
Earth, Smalt's Prusian Blue, Vermillion, Verdigrase, the 
whole ground in Powder or in Oil, Limner's and Japan- 
ner's Colours, Gold, Silver and Brass Leaf, Painters 
Brushes and Pensils, Varnish of all sorts, cold drawing 
Oil, Linseed ditto, boilt ditto. Rape Seed ditto, Nut 
ditto, and Lamp Oil, Window Glass of all Sizes, Pictures 
glaz'd of sundry sorts, and sundry other Things too 
tedious to mention. 

N.B. If any Gentleman incHnes to have their own 
Colours in Powder, or ground in Oil, may have it done 
at a moderate Price, he having a convenient Mill for that 
Purpose. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post- 
Boy, November 18, 1754. 

Oyl of Turpentine, aetherial spirit of turpentine, best 
varnish for chair-makers, and the finest amber-coloured 
rosin, are made and sold by John Braser, living back of 
Trinity-Church burying ground, near the North-River, 
either large or small quantities; He assures those that 
may have occasion for any of the above articles, that he 
will afford them as cheap and good as any that have 
formerly been imported from the neighbouring colonies; 
and he hopes an encouragement will be given to our 
own manufactory. 

N.B. The spirit of turpentine applied to bed-steads 
and those places where bugs breed, and lodge, effectually 
destroys them, and prevents them from harbouring those 



PAINTING AND GLAZING 355 

places where it is applied; especially if they should be 
fresh drawn, and a few drops will effectually take out 
greasy spots from cloaths, or on floor. — Also the best 
Pot-Ash. — The New-York Mercury, February 23, 1756. 

American Window Glass. — Any quantity of Ameri- 
can Window Glass of different Sizes, to be sold at a lower 
Rate than can be imported from Europe. Enquire of 
Caspar Wistar, at his Still-House near the Ship-Yards, 
where any Person may be supphed with York Distilled 
Rum. — The New-York Journal or the General Adver- 
tiser, September 28, 1769. 

Imported Window Glass and Paints. — Imported in 
the last vessels from Europe, and to be sold by John I. 
Roosevelt, in Maiden-Lane, Furniture paper, white lead 
ground in oil, in powder do. Spanish brown ground in 
oil, in powder do. yellow oaker ground in oil, in powder 
do. verdigrease ground in oil, red lead, vermilion, Prus- 
sian blue, linseed oil, spirits of turpentine, painting 
brushes, whiting, blacking, 6 by 8, 7 by 9, 8 by 10, 11 by 
9, 10 by 12, 11 by 13, 10 by 14, 13 by 16, best crown Win- 
dow Glass, looking glasses, decanters of different sorts 
and sizes, wine glasses, ale glasses, salts, mustard pots, 
crewits, tumblers, cans, Bristol pipes, &c. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, April 15, 1771. 

Paint Store. — L. Kilburn's Paint Store, At the White 
Hall, New York Hath for Sale, 

White Lead Vermillion 

Spanish brown Prussian blue 

Yellow oaker White vitriol 

Verdigrise Spanish whiting 

Red lead Paint brushes 

Linseed oil Window glass 6 by 8, 7 by 9, 8 by 10, 

White varnish 9 by 11, 10 by 12, 11 by 13, &c. &c. 

Spirit of turpentine 

All as cheap as anybody sells in the place. — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, June 11, 1772. 



COACH MAKERS 

Nicholas Baily. — Shaes and Chears made and Re- 
pear'd by Nicholas Baily, in Duke Street, near the Long 
Bridge in New York: — The New-York Weekly Journal, 
March 10, 1740. 

Robert Boyd. — To be Sold, by Robert Boyd, Black- 
smith, at his Shop near the Old English Church, A Very 
neat Curricle with a Chaise Top, that has never been in 
use. N.B. Said Boyd contracts for Chairs and Chaises 
of all Kinds. Any Gentlemen who will favour him with 
their Custom, may depend upon being well used, and 
suppHed at the most reasonable Rates. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, December 24, 1760. 

Jonathan Brown, From Boston, Coach and Coach- 
Harness maker, having set up his Business at Hartford, 
in Connecticut, makes and repairs all Sorts of Harness, 
of every Kind, and in the neatest and newest Taste, all 
Sorts of Coaches, Chariots, Landaus, Phaetons, Post 
Chariots, Post Chaises, Curricles, Chairs, &c. and has 
provided himself with the best of Leather and Trim- 
mings, of the newest and genteelest Sorts. Any Gentle- 
men and Ladies that will please to favour him with 
their Custom, may depend on being used in the best 
Manner, and they will much obHge their humble Servant, 
Jonathan Brown. By the Bridge in Hartford.— T/ie 
New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, May 5, 1763. 

William Cooper, from Long Acre, London, (Brother 
to Doct. Robert Cooper, of Hatton Garden) Coach and 
Coach Harness Maker, Having set up his Business in 
EUzabeth Town, in New-Jersey, Makes and repairs all 
Sorts of Harness Work of every kind, now used in Eng- 

356 



COACH MAKERS 357 

land, in the neatest and genteelest Manner; finishes 
and trims, in the newest Taste now used in England, 
all Sorts of Coaches, Chariots, Landeaus, Landeaulets, 
Phaetons, Post Chariots, Post Chaises, Curricles, Chairs, 
and new fashioned light Waggons; and has provided 
himself with the best of Leather, and Trimmings of the 
newest Fashions. . . . — The New-York Gazette or the 
Weekly Post-Boy, April 21, 1763. 

Gabriel Cox, Coach-Maker, Begs leave to acquaint his 
friends, and the public in general, that he hath now by 
him the very best of materials for carrying on the said 
business in the most extensive manner, at his shop op- 
posite Trinity Church, in Great-George-Street, where 
coaches, landaus, chariots, phaetons, chairs, sulkeys, se- 
dans &c. are made, and finished in the most neat and 
elegant manner, with the greatest expedition, and on 
the most reasonable charges, warranted equal in goodness 
to any imported: Also carriages of every sort with their 
harness, &c. compleatly repaired, painted, &c. . . . — 
Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, April 14, 1774. 

Elkanah Deane. — The Coach-making Business is 
carried on in all its' Branches, in the most complete Man- 
ner, by Elkanah Deane, from DubHn, Who has opened 
Shop, next Door to Mr. William Gilliland, in Broad- 
Street, New- York, and proposes to make, trim, paint, 
gild and finish, in the most genteel and elegant Taste, 
all kinds of Coaches, Chariots, Landaus, Phaetons, Post 
Chaises, Curricles, Chairs, Sedans, and Sleighs, with their 
Harness; and as he is determined to make such Work 
as will give Satisfaction in every Particular, and to 
charge on the very lowest Terms, he hopes for the Favour 
and Encouragement of the Publick. Gentlemen residing 
in the Country, writing to him, may depend on having 
their Orders executed with punctuahty. — The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, February 23, 1764. 



358 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Elkanah and William Deane. — To the Publick. We 
the Subscribers being determined to give all the Satis- 
faction in our Power to those Gentlemen and Ladies, 
who have or may employ us, for the Time to come, 
that they shall have their Work done in the best Manner, 
for the following Prices, Viz. 

A Plain Coach, and Harness for two horses, £165 

Ditto, with Livery Lace, and fringed Seat, 

Cloth and richly painted and finished, £200 

Chariots in Proportion, according to the Patron given. 
A Set of Coach Wheels, finished with iron Work, 

and painted, £ 13 

Chariot, or Post-Chaise, ditto, £ 11 10 

A Chaise with Steel Springs, and Iron Axletree, 

compleatly finished £ 65 

Ditto, with Wood Spring, Axletree, finished plain, £ 55 

A new Chair, with Steel Springs, and Iron Axletree, 

finished in the best Manner, £ 45 

One plain, ditto, £ 35 

A Pair of Chaise, or Chair Wheels compleatly finished,.. £ 6 

A new Chaise Harness, £ 6 

A pair of Coach Wheel Harness, plain, £ 13 

Chariot, or Post Chaise, ditto, £ 12 

The best hunting Saddle, wilted, with a Girth, Stirrups, 

and Cruper, £ 3 5 

Plain ditto £ 2 12 

Pellam Bit Bridle, 8 

Snaffle do 4 6 

And all other Work relative to the Coach making or 
Saddlers Business on the most reasonable Terms, by 
Elkanah and William Deane, . . . — The New-York 
Mercury, September 28, 1767. 

William Deane, Coach-maker, Informs the public in 
general and his customers in particular, that he carries 
on his business as usual in Broad-street where he makes 
all sorts of coaches, landaus, phaetons, curricles, chairs 
and chaises; likewise all sorts of harness and saddlers 
work, as also painting, guilding and japanning, in the 
neatest and most elegant manner. And as he finishes all 
carriages whatever in his own shop without applying 
to any other, He is likewise determined to make them 



COACH MAKERS 359 

as good, sell them as cheap, and be as expeditious as 
there is a posibihty. And to convince the pubUc of the 
truth of what he asserts, he will make any piece of work 
that is required, equal to any imported from England, 
and will sell it at the prime cost of that imported, by 
which means those who are pleased to favour him with 
their custom will save the freight, insurance, and ex- 
pences naturally attending in putting the carriages to 
rights after they arrive. And as a further inducement, 
he will engage his work for a year after it is delivered, 
that is, if any part gives way or fails by fair usage, 
he will make it good at his own expence. Those ad- 
vantages cannot be obtained on carriages imported. He 
has now a considerable stock of the best of all materials 
fit for making carriages. For the above reasons, he most 
humbly requests the encouragement of the public, which 
will be most gratefully acknowledged by him. 

Said Deane paints and repairs all manner of old work 
very reasonably, and has for sale just jBnished, a new 
phaeton, and four new chairs. — The New-York Journal 
or the General Advertiser, June 4, 1772. 

James Hallett. — Chaise-Boxes, Chair and Kittereen- 
Boxes, with all sorts of Wheels and Carriages for the 
same, are made by James Hallett, on Golden-Hill, at 
the Sign of the Chair- Wheel; at the most reasonable 
Rates, with all Expedition. — The New-York Gazette Re^ 
vived in the Weekly Post-Boy, January 22, 1750. 

James Lawrence, living in the Broad- Way, at the Sign 
of the Riding Chair, between Oswego-Market and the 
Old Enghsh Church opposite the Province Arms ; Makes 
and Mends all Sorts of Carriages, such as Coaches, 
Chariots, Chaises, Chairs, Kittereens, Four- Wheel Chaise, 
Waggons, Carts, Sleds of all Sorts, and Wheels of all 
Sorts, likewise chair-Boxes and Kittereen-Boxes of any 
Form or Shape, after the best and neatest Manner, and 
newest Fashion, where all Gentlemen may depend on the 



360 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

best Usage, and quickest Dispatch. — The New-York Ga- 
zette or the Weekly Post-Boy, March 1, 1756. 

Robert Manly, Coach and Chaise-Maker, almost op- 
posite the Old English Church, in the Broad-Way; 
Makes, mends and repairs all sorts of carriages, in the 
best and most genteel manner. Gentlemen that chuse 
to employ me, may depend on having their work done 
with great care and expedition, by their humble servant, 
Robert Manly. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, June 6, 1768. 

NoAH Noble, Coach-Harness-Maker, from London; 
At the Lower End of the Broad- Way, near the BowUng- 
green : Begs Leave to acquaint the Public, That he makes 
and repairs all Kinds of Harness for Coaches, Chairs, 
Bridles, &c. Likewise Gears for Carts; Sleighs, after a 
much neater and better Manner than has ever been 
executed in this Country. Any Gentlemen who will be 
pleased to employ him, shall be served faithfully, and 
at the very lowest prices, and the favour of their Com- 
mands most gratefully acknowledge, by Their most hum- 
ble Servant, Noah Noble. — The New-York Journal or 
the General Advertiser, May 12, 1768 

Stephen Steel. — To be Sold, a second Hand Curricle 
with Harness complete, also a new Wiskey Chair with 
Harness for one Horse ; inquire of Stephen Steel, Coach- 
Maker in King's-Street, New- York. — The New-York 
Journal, September 5, 1771. 

Coaches 

Col. Morris's Coach. — Mr. Zenger; 

Passing the other Day down the Broad Way I saw a 
Coach, upon which being a particular Coat of Arms, 
Crest and Motto, my Curiosity led me to enquire its 
Owner, which I found to be Coll. Morris, now in Eng- 
land. . . . The Crest is a spacious Stone Castle, with 



COACH MAKERS 361 

several Divisions and Appartments, alluding as (I con- 
jecture) to a Combination of Power and Strength; the 
little Turrets, Battlements, &c. may serve to illustrate 
the vain Attempts his Power has made use of, to have 
established it self triumphant; the Flames within seem 
to discover a Disunion of Councils, and their Bursting 
forth at Top, an Indication that their Chiefs or Heads, 
venting their unruly Passions, are accomplishing their 
own Destruction. The Motto being. Tandem vincitur, 
seems to declare the Virtue, Perseverance, Magnanimity 
and Success of the Morris Family, against all such com- 
bined Force; . . . — Letter to the printer in The New- 
York Weekly Journal, February 23, 1736. 

Chariot. — To be Sold, A Chariot, constructed in the 
best manner, little worse for wear, with stell springs, 
fore and side glasses, blinds, and all appurtenances, the 
most compleat of their kind. The coach-box takes off, 
shafts fixes on, and it then becomes a genteel, light, easy, 
and strong post chaise. It cost originally 74 guineas; 
but being not now wanted by the owner, it is to be sold, 
and to prevent fraud and trouble, the lowest price that 
will be taken is £110 currency, A set of harness will be 
given in, and a good coach horse may be had with or 
without the chariot. Mr. Field, coach maker, or Mr. 
Scot, Stabler, will shew the chariot, and receive the 
money, or a good bill, for it, at six months date. — The 
New-York Mercury, October 11, 1762. 

Coach. — To be Sold, A Second Hand Coach in very 
good Order, having an extraordinary front Glass. Enquire 
of James Hallet, at the Sign of the Coach in the Broad 
Way, opposite Battoe-Street. — New-York Gazette, March 
12, 1764 {Supplement). 

A Post Chaise, Built by one of the best Makers in 
London, in good condition, with Fore and Side Glasses, 
and Mahogany BUnds ; the Springs as good as new, and 
Wheels that have been but little used, with Harness 



362 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

for two Horses; to be sold. To prevent Trouble, the 
lowest Price is fixed at £65 Currency. Enquire of Hugh 
Gaine. — The New-York Mercury, November 3, 1766. 

A New Model. — We hear from Burlington, that the 
new constructed light traveUing waggon, contrived by 
Richard Wells, Esquire, on a full Trial last week, was 
found to answer its Design, to great Exactness. Among 
other Improvements, his invention to discharge the 
Horses, in case of their runing away is particularly worth 
Attention. This is done, at the expence of about a 
Pistole, by the Rider (in the Inside of the Carriage) only 
by pulling a String, when the Horses go off and leave the 
carriage standing. An Invention that bids fair to be of 
great Use and Safety to those who ride in close Carriages. 
— News item from Philadelphia in The New-York 
Gazette, November 16-23, 1767. 

Public Coaches. — They write from New- York, that 
the roads at the back of that Province, New-England 
and Virginia, have been so greatly improved, that they 
had estabhshed pubUc caravans and stage-coaches, for 
the accommodation of passengers. — News item from Lon- 
don, September 25, 1767, in The New-York Mercury, 
January 4, 1768 

A Caravan, Fit either for two or four horses, to be 
sold; it is very large, and will hold eight People. Who- 
ever inchnes to purchase the same, may apply to Abra- 
ham Van Dycke, near Peck's-slip. — The New-York Ga- 
zette and the Weekly Mercury, March 1, 1773. 

Coach and Chariot. — To be Sold, a Coach and Chariot, 
Two of the most elegant carriages ever imported into 
America, and equal to any in London ; both crane neck'd, 
and calculated for the climate, having the pannels to 
let down on all sides; they have their first set of wheels 
on, and are in high preservation. Enquire of Mr. John- 
son, coach-maker in high-street, Philadelphia. — The New- 



COACH MAKERS 363 

York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, February 27, 
1775. 

Saddlers 

Thomas Chadock, From London, Living near the Old 
English Church in Wall-Street. Makes and sells Italian 
spring collars travelHng collars, &c. to fit any horse what- 
ever in the most compleat and easy manner; likewise 
thong making, and piece master harness-maker, and 
trimmer; he hopes by his assiduity and diligence in his 
business to merit the continuance of the favours of all 
his customers. N.B. An Apprentice is wanting to the 
above Business. — Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, July 
8, 1773. 

Henry Clopper. — To be Sold by Henry Clopper, at 
the Corner of the Meal-Market, Near the Merchants 
Coffee House, All Sorts of Men's and Women's Saddles, 
Saddler's Ware, Breed, Fringe, Plush, Brass Furniture 
Brass Nails & Tacks, and a large Sortment of Horse 
Whips; He also has several riding Chairs and Kittereens 
ready made for Sale, after the newest Fashion; He also 
mends Coaches, Chaises, Chairs and Kittereens after the 
cheapest and best Manner. — The New-York Weekly 
Post-Boy, March 27, 1749. 

James Ettridge. — This is to inform all Gentlemen, 
Ladies and others, that James Ettridge, Sadler, in the 
Broad- way. New- York late from London; Makes and 
sells all sorts of Sadels, bridles, and furniture, as neat as 
in London, viz. Ladies hunting side saddles, and all 
other sorts of side saddles, forest saddles without trees, 
demi peeks, hunter's, with doe skin seats, either welted 
or plain, portmantuas, leather bags, villeases for bedding. 
. . . — The New-York Mercury, August 29, 1763. 

Halsted and Thompson, Sadlers, Takes this Method 
to acquaint the Publick, that they have removed to the 
House of Mrs. Dawrsey, opposite WilUam Walton, Esq; 



364 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

a few Doors from which they formerly lived, where 
they carry on their Business as formerly, makes and sells 
all sorts of Saddles, and Furnitures, in the neatest man- 
ner, viz. Ladies Hunting Side-Saddles, Demi Peaks, 
Kings Hunters, Forrest Saddles, without Trees, but Doe 
and Hogskin Seats, welted or plain, Portmantuas, Saddle- 
bags, &c. N.B. Large Allowance will be made to any 
Person buying a Quantity. — The New-York Gazette, 
December 20, 1762. 

Thomas Jackson, Sadler and Cap-Maker, from Lon- 
don, Has opened a Shop in the Fly, between the Fly- 
market and Burling's-SHp. He Makes after the neatest 
Manner, all kinds of Ladies Hunting side Saddles, Men's 
Hunters, Demy Peeks and Kings Hunters, with all kinds 
of laced and plain furniture &c. &c. . . . — The New- 
York Mercury, August 23, 1762. 

Selby and Thomson Saddlers from London, Opposite 
the Meal-Market, New- York. Makes and sells all Sorts 
of Saddles, and Furniture, Viz. Lady's common and Hunt- 
ing Saddles, Men's Forrest Saddles without Trees, Pistol 
Saddles, Demy Peaks, King's Hunters with Doe and 
Hogg Skin Seats, welted and Plain, Port Manteaus, &c. 
&c. N. B. Good Allowance will be made to Persons tak- 
ing a Quantity. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, May 19, 1763. 

Cornelius & Benjamin Wynkoop. — To be made, 
mended and Sold, by CorneHus & Benjamin Wynkoop, 
Saddlers, opposite the Oswego-Market ; chaises, chairs, 
Kittereens, Men's and Women's Saddles, and Bridles, 
after the best and neatest Manner: Also a neat Assort- 
ment of Whips, and two Second-Hand Chairs, &c. at 
reasonable Rates. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, March 12, 1753. 



MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 
Musical Instrument Makers 

Gilbert Ash. — For the Benefit of a Poor Widow. On 
Thursday the 18th Instant, will be open'd, at the City- 
HaU, in the City of New- York, A New Organ, made by 
Gilbert Ash. . . . — The New-York Mercury, March 15, 
1756. 

Frederick Heyer, Organ Builder, in the Broad-Way, 
in the same House where Mr. George Cook, Saddler 
lives, near St. Paul's Church, Makes and repairs Harp- 
sichords and Spinets in the neatest Manner, and with 
Dispatch, Has some new and very neat Harpsichords 
for Sale. Also a Chamber Organ, which may, in a short 
Time, be compleatly finished, and enlarged (if tho't 
necessary) so as to suit a Place of public Worship. — 
Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, November 11, 1773. 

Robert Horne, Musical Instrument-Maker, from Lon- 
don, at Mr. Francis Cooley's, on Golden-Hill; Makes and 
repairs Violins, bass viols, tenor viols, iEolius harps, 
gauiters, German flutes, Kitts, violin bows, &c. in the 
neatest and compleatest manner. All orders punctually 
obey'd, with the quickest dispatch : The favour of Gentle- 
men and Ladies shall be duly honour'd with their Com- 
mands. N.B. Merchants may be supplied with any of 
the above, cheaper than in London on proper notice 
given. — The New-York Mercury, September 14, 1767. 

Robert Horne, Musical Instrument-Maker, from Lon- 
don, on Golden-Hill, near Burling's SUp, Makes and re- 
pairs musical instruments, viz. Violins, tennors, violon- 
cellos, guittars, kitts, aeolus harps, spinnets, and spinnets 

365 



366 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

jacks, violin bows, tail-pieces, pins, bridges; bows hair'd, 
and the best Roman Strings, &c. N.B. Country stores 
supply'd on the shortest notice. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, January 6, 1772. 



Daniel & Philip Pelton, Drums Made and sold by 
Phillip Pelton, upper end of Queen-street, and by Daniel 
Pelton, in Chappel street, now called Beekman street, 
equal to any that have been imported for sound or 
beauty. As said Persons have great variety on hand any 
gentlemen may be served at the shortest notice, and on 
the most reasonable terms. The purchaser may depend 
upon having their Drums tun'd to sound well. — The New- 
York Journal or the General Advertiser, October 5, 1775. 



John Sheiuble, Organ Builder, from Philadelphia, 
Makes and repairs all kinds of Organs, Harpsichords, 
Spinnets, and Piano, in the best Manner, and with the 
greatest Dispatch. Any Person that has any Thing to 
be done in the above Way, may depend on having it 
executed in the best Manner, and at the cheapest Rate. 
He is to be spoke with at Mr. Samuel Prince's Cabinet 
Maker, at the Sign of the Chest of Drawers, in New- 
York. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 
March 30, 1772. 



John Sheiuble.^ . . . N.B. He has now ready for sale, 
one neat chamber organ, one hammer spinnet, one com- 
mon spinnet. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 
Mercury, October 10, 1774. 



Jacob Trippell, Musical Instrument Maker from Lon- 
don, at the House of Mr. John Ent, Watchmaker, op- 

1 In this advertisement the name is spelled Sheybli. 



MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 367 

posite to, on the West Side of the Old Slip Market, a 
few Doors below Duyckinck's Corner, makes and repairs 
all sorts of Violins, Base and Tenor Viols; English and 
Spanish Quitters, Loutens, Mentelines, Mandores, and 
Welsh Harps, at reasonable Rates, as neat as in Europe, 
Having work't at the Business Nine Years, with the best 
Hands in London, since I left Germany; I shall En- 
deavour to Give Satisfaction to those Ladies and Gentle- 
men, that shall favour me with their Custom. — The New- 
York Gazette, August 24, 1767. 

David Wolhaupter, Takes this method to inform his 
friends and customers, that he has removed from the 
place he formerly lived, to the house where Mr. Mulier, 
leather breeches maker, formerly lived, nearly opposite 
the Flattenbarrack-Hill, in the Broadway; where he 
makes and mends all sorts of musical instruments, such 
as basoons, German flutes. Common do. hautboys, clari- 
nets, fifes, bagpipes, &c. also makes and mends all sorts 
of mathematical instruments, and all sorts of tuning 
work done by said Wolhaupter. Any gentlemen that will 
please to favour him with their employ, may depend 
upon being served at the cheapest rates, by their humble 
servant. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, June 18, 1770. 

David Woolhaupter Instrument-Maker, In Fair 
street, opposite St. Paul's Church, New York, Makes 
and sells all sorts of Drums and Fifes. Drums made of 
Mahogany, curled maple, and Beech wood, in the best 
and neatest manner, and has now a quantity ready made 
for sale. He also makes Clarinets, Hautboys, German 
and common Flutes, and all sorts of Instruments &c. — 
The New-York Journal or the General Advertiser, June 
8, 1775. 

Gottlieb Wolhaupter, living at the Sign of the Mus- 
ical instrument-Maker, opposite Mr. Adam Vanderberg's 
has just imported from London, a Choice Parcel of the 



368 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

best English Box- wood; Where he continues to make 
and mend, all Sorts of Musical Instruments, such as 
German Flutes, Hautboys, Clareonets, Flageolets, Bas- 
soons, Fifes, and also Silver Tea- Pot Handles. — The New- 
York Gazette, November 16, 1761. 



Music Teachers 

Nicholas Biferi.^ — Music. Mr. Biferi, Musician of 
Naples, being determined to stay in this city, informs 
the public, that he now teaches singing after the ItaHan 
way, also the harpsichord, and the composition of music, 
at one Guinea for twelve lessons, and one Guinea en- 
trance, which entrance is to be paid only by those who 
never had a master before. Enquire of said Mr. Biferi, 
at Mr. Wilmot's Peck's-Slip — Rivington's New-York 
Gazetteer, June 30, 1774. 

Alexander Dienval. — This is to give Notice, That 
the Violin and German Flute, are taught in the Space 
of two or three Months each, by Alexander V. Dienval, 
at Mr. Elphinstone's House in the Slott. — The New York 
Mercury, September 18, 1758. 

William Charles Hulet. — This is to Give Notice, 
That the Violin is taught in so plain and easy a Method 
(that young Gentlemen of eight or nine years old may 
be capable of learning in a short Time) by W. C. Hulet, 
at the House of Robert Wallace, joiner, in the Broad- 
street, near the Corner of the Old-Dutch Church-street. 
Mr. Hulet takes this Method to acquaint the Gentlemen 
and Ladies of this City, that he cannot get a Room for a 
Dancing School this Winter, but will attend them at their 
own Houses if they honour him Commands. — The New- 
York Gazette, September 24, 1759 (Supplement). 

2 A notice in Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, May 5, 1774, stated 
that Mr. Biferi taught music at the New Academy for teaching music, 
dancing and the Italian and French languages. 



MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 369 

William Charles Hulet. The Guitar, Taught by 
W. C. Hulet, Dancing-Master, who has opened his Public 
Dancing-School, at his House in Broad-Street, near the 
Corner of Beaver-Street, at Three o'Clock in the After- 
noon ; and an Evening School for such Ladies and Gentle- 
men, who cannot attend in Day-time. Likewise Hours 
set apart for such as would chuse to be taught in private. 
He flatters himself, that the Performance of several of 
his Scholars, has convinced the judicious and impartial, 
of his Abilites as a Master. 

He teaches the Minuet and Country Dances, by the 
Whole, by the Month, or Quarter: And likewise the 
Violin, German-Flute, and Use of the Small-Sword. 

N.B. The great Advantage that many Gentlemen have 
over others (that have not learn'd the Hornpipe) in 
Country Dancing, has induced Mr. Hulett to open a 
private School for such Gentlemen, who may chuse to 
attend. — The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Post- 
Boy, October 15, 1770. 

James Leadbetter, Takes this method to acquaint the 
ladies and gentlemen, that he intends teaching the Organ 
and Harpsichord. He may be spoke with at the Widow 
Vandusen's, in Bayard-street. — The New-York Gazette 
and the Weekly Mercury, April 16, 1770. 

James Leadbetter, Begs leave to acquaint the ladies 
and gentlemen of this city, that he intends teaching the 
Organ, Harpsichord, and Spinnet. Any person incUning 
to be instructed by him, by leaving a line at Mr. Riving- 
ton's will be waited upon. — Rivington's New-York 
Gazetteer, May 6, 1773. 

Charles Love, Musician, from London, at his lodgings 
at the house of Mrs. George, in the first lane from the 
Bowling-Green, that leads to the North-River, proposes 
teaching gentlemen musick on the following instruments, 
Viz. Violin, Hautboy, German and Common Flutes, Bas- 
soon, French Horn, Tenor, and Base Violin, if desired. 



370 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

N.B. Said Love may be spoke with any time of the 
day, at his lodgings, where gentlemen who have a mind 
to be instructed on any of the above mentoned instru- 
ments, will be acquainted with his Conditions. — The 
New York Mercury, July 2, 1753. 

D. Propert,^ Professor of Musick, Takes this method 
of acquainting the ladies and gentlemen of this city, 
that he teaches the organ, harpsichord, guittar, German 
flute, &c. and has a variety of new musick, Roman strings 
for vioUns, and musical instruments, among which is a 
very fine tone harpsichord and a forte piano, all which he 
disposes of at Mr. PhiUp Kissick's wine merchant, the 
upper end of Queen-street. The above D. Propert gives 
out plans for organs, from 35 1. to 500 1. and every 
business in the musical way done with the greatest 
honour and expedition. — The New-York Gazette and 
Weekly Mercury, September 17, 1770. 

Wall, Comedian, Engages to teach Ladies and 

Gentlemen to Play on the Guitar to prevent Trouble, his 
terms are to such as chuse to be waited on at the Houses; 
One Guinea Entrance, and the same per Month for 
which he pays Attendance, Three Times a Week. Ladies 
and Gentlemen, who may think proper to honour him 
with their Commands, by sending to his lodgings, at Mr. 
SprouFs, in Depyster's-Street, will be immediately waited 
on. — The New-York Mercury, January 11, 1768. 

Winter. — This is to give Notice, that Mr. Winter 

keeps a Singing School of Psalmody, near the lower 
End of the Broad Way, and waits upon any at their 
own Houses at seasonable Hours. — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, January 7, 1740. 

Herman Zedtwitz. — The Subscriber intending to set- 
tle in this city, proposes to teach a certain number of 

3 For The New-York Journal, of October 4, 1770, Mr. Propert wrote 
an essay on the beauty and meaning of music. 



MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 371 

Gentlemen the Violin, in the present taste, Having been 
a pupil of several of the most eminent masters now in 
London and Germany. For further particulars, please 
to inquire of the subscriber at Mr. Buskerk's, nearly op- 
posite the old Presbyterian Meeting. Herman Zedtwitz. 
— The New-York Journal, April 8, 1773. 

Music and Musical Instruments 

Music. — Just Published, and to be Sold by the Printer 
hereof. Divine Songs, Attempted in Easy Language for 
the Use of Children. By I. Watts, D. D. Author of the 
Lyrick Poems. — The New-York Evening Post, March 30, 
1747. 

Music. — Just reprinted, and to be sold by the Printer 
hereof. Price 10 d. Or, cheaper by the Dozen; All the 
Twenty-four Songs of the famous EngHsh Archer, Bold 
Robin Hood. — The New-York Gazette Revived in the 
Weekly Post-Boy, November 5, 1750. 

Organ. — An Organ with three Stops, to be sold for 
40 1. enquire of the Printer. — The New-York Mercury, 
December 4, 1758. 

Imported Musical Instruments. — To be sold by a 
Gentleman who lodges at Widow Darcey's nigh the Ship- 
Yards, opposite to William Walton's, Esq; and who is 
to go soon out of Town; exceeding good German Flutes, 
for three Dollars each; likewise others with 2, 3, 4 or 5 
middle Pieces to change the Tones and Voice, do. like- 
wise Base Viol Strings of all Sizes, and silvered Ones for 
Basses, Violins and Tenors. A great Collection of wrote 
and printed Musick from Italy and England. The new- 
est Sets of Scotch and Irish Tunes, and Airs in Score, 
Bass Viol and Fiddle Bridges, rulled Musick Paper in 
Sheets and in Books, German Flute Concertos, Sonatas, 
Duets and Solos, and a great many other Things in the 
musical Way, imported by himself from Naples and Lon- 



372 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

don. Likewise, two fine Violins, a Girls six-stringed Bass 
Viole, and a foreign Pocket Gun. — The New-York Mer- 
cury, August 13, 1759. 

Music. — Just published, neatly Printed on fine Paper, 
and to be Sold by A. Throne, next Door to the Green- 
Dragon, near the Moravian Meeting-House, in New 
York, The Mock Bird; or New American Songster: Be- 
ing a Collection of all the newest and most approved 
Songs. Designed for the Entertainment of the Ladies 
and Gentlemen of New- York, and other Parts of North- 
America. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post- 
Boy, March 19, 1761. 

Imported Musical Instruments. — Thomas Harrison, 
Organist of Trinity-Church, New York, At his House in 
King-Street, near Mr. Reade's Church Warden, has im- 
ported in the Harriot Packet; Capt. Brayly, Spinnets, 
Violins, German Flutes, Musick Books, ruled Paper, Fid- 
dle Strings, Bridges, Pins, Jacks for Spinnets, Hautboys 
and Hautboy Reeds at lowest Price. — The New-York Ga- 
zette, March 30, 1761 (Supplement). 

Organ in Trinity Church. — To be Sold by the 
Church-Wardens, the Organ in Trinity-Church. The 
Instrument is large, consisting of 26 Stops, 10 in the 
Great Organ, 10 in the Choir Organ and 6 in the Swell, 
three Sets of Keys ; with a Frontispiece of gilt Pipes, and 
otherwise neatly adorned. It may be inspected; will be 
sold cheap, and the Purchaser may remove it immedi- 
ately, (another being expected from England next 
Spring) but if not disposed of, is, on the Arrival of the 
new Organ, intended to be shipt to England. — The Nev)- 
York Gazette, November 15, 1762. 

Chamber Organ. — To be Sold on Saturday next, for 
the want of Money, by James Fuller, Lately from Lon- 
don, at his House joining to Mr. Brazier's Lot, at the 
upper End of Cart and Horse-Street, Golden-Hill, A 



MUSIC AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS 373 

Very good and handsome Chamber Organ, which, with a 
few Minutes Instruction, any Person may play on: It 
has 6 Stops, 15 Mute Gilt Pipes in the Front, and a Set 
of Drawers at the Bottom; and will be sold cheap. — The 
New-York Journal or General Advertiser, November 13, 
1766. 

Imported Musical Instruments. — Simeon Coley im- 
ported among other things . . . The best Lind violins, 
German Flutes, tipt and plain. Fifes, Tabors and Pipes, 
with books of Instructions, Violin Bows, the Best Roman 
Strings, Pins Bridges, &c. — The New-York Gazette, June 
8-15, 1767. 

Harpsichord. — To be Sold, a Harpsichord, completely 
fitted. Maker's Name (Mahoon, London:) For Particu- 
lars inquire of W. Rice, Organist. — The New-York 
Journal or General Advertiser, March 2, 1769. 

Imported Musical Instruments. — Peter Goelet at 
the Sign of the Golden-Key has to sell among other 
things . . . The best Roman and Common strings for 
Violins, and Sets of Strings for Base Violins, Guitar 
Strings, Harpsicord Wires, Violins, German and common 
Flutes, Violin Bridges and Bows . . . — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, January 2, 1769 

Harpsichord. — To be disposed of, a fine ton'd double 
key'd Harpsichord, with four Stops, as good as new, 
made by Hitchcock. Enquire of the Printer. — The New- 
York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, September 18, 
1769. 

Drums of the best Quality manufactured in America, 
to be sold by the Printer. — The New-York Journal or 
General Advertiser, October 19, 1775. 



MOVING PICTURES, WAX WORKS, AND OTHER 
NOVELTIES 

Moving Pictures and Other Novelties 

Orrery. — At Boston, N England, they having procured 
that wonderful Machine or Instrument called the Orrery, 
Mr. Greenwood proposes to illustrate and confirm the 
Elements of Astronomy there from, by certain explana- 
tory Lectures, which he has composed on the Orrery. 
The Orrery is a Machine of wonderful Contrivance 
brought to Perfection by that ingenious Mathematician 
and Artificer Mr. John Rowley, which Machine illus- 
trates the Motion of the Sun, Moon and Earth to the 
meanest Capacity. That which is so difiBcult for many 
People to apprehend or believe (I mean the Motion of 
the Earth) and would have taken up a years study to 
come to a familar apprehension of it by this Machine is 
communicated in an hour.^ . . . And therefore it is 
Hoped that in time not only each Province, but each 
principal Town in these parts will think it as necessary 
to have an Orrery, as a pubUck Town Clock, the one 
gives the Time of the Day and Night, the other presents 
to our View the Wonder Works of the Deity. — The New- 
York Gazette, July 1-8, 1734. 

Musical Machine. — To be Seen, at Mr. Pacheco's 
Ware-House, in Market field-Street, commonly known 
by the Name of Petticoat-Lane, opposite the Cross Guns, 
near the Fort. 

A curious Musical Machine, arriv'd from England, the 
third Day of May last, which performs several strange 
and diverting Motions to the Admiration of the Specta- 
tors, viz. The Doors fly open of their own accord, and 

1 A detailed description of the machine follows. 
374 



MOVING PICTURES AND WAX WORKS 375 

there appears six Ringers in white Shirts all busy pulling 
Bell-Ropes, and playing several Tunes, Chimes, and 
changes; They first appear with black caps and black 
Beards at one Corner there is a Barbers Shop and a 
Barbers Pole hung out, and at the Shop Door stands 
the Barber's Boy, who, at the word of Command, gives 
three knocks at his Masters Door, out comes the Barber 
with his Rasor and Bason to shave the Ringers, then the 
Doors shut themselves whilst the Barber is Shaving 
them, then the Doors open themselves the second Time, 
and the Ringers appear all clean shaved and clean Caps 
put on; afterwards they ring a long Peal of Changes, 
and then fall the Bells to Admiration, after that the 
Barber walks into his Shop again, his Boy standing ready 
to open the Door for his Master and then shuts it 
after him; last of all the great Doors shut themselves 
again. All being performed entirely by Clock-Work in 
imitation of St. Brides Bells in London, There will be 
a small Entertainment of Slight of Hand, before the 
Clock- Work is seen. The Proprietor of it will wait on 
any Gentlemen or Ladies, at their own Houses. 

The same will be shewn every Day in the Week, Sun- 
days excepted at 4 o'clock in the Afternoon, and at 7 in 
the Evening. The Price for Grown Person's Is and for 
Children 9 pence. — The New-York Weekly Journal, July 
18, 1743. 

Magic Lantern.— After the announcement of a per- 
formance of the Musical Machine is added the following 
notice: Where is also to be Seen, the Curious and Sur- 
prizing Magick Lanthorn, by which Friar Bacon, Doctor 
Faustus, and others, perform such wonderful Curiosities, 
representing upwards of 30 humourous and entertaining 
Figures, larger than Men or Women; as the Rising Sun, 
the Friendly Travellers, the Pot Companions, the blind 
Beggar of Gednal Green and his Boy, the merry Piper 
dancing a Jigg to his own dumb Musick, the courageous 
Fencing Master, the ItaHan Mountebank or famous in- 
fallible Quack, the Man riding on a Pig with his Face 



376 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

towards the Tail, the Dutchman seating on the Ice in 
the midst of Summer; with a great Variety of other 
Figures equally diverting and curious, too tedious here 
to mention. 

N.B. To begin at 7 o'clock in the Evening. — The New- 
York Evening Post, September 8, 1746. 

Moving Machine. — To all Gentlemen, Ladies and 
others, of Curiosity. This is to give Notice, that at the 
House of Mr. John Hays at the Sign of St. Andrew's 
Cross, near the Fly-Market, is to be seen a large moving 
Mashene or Land and Water Skip, representing many 
Things moving nearly imitating Nature, beginning at 
Half an Hour after Six in the Evening precisely, Price 
ls6d. 

N.B. If any Gentlemen or Ladies, hath a Mind to 
have a private View of the same, they may, by giving 
two Hours Warning before hand. — The New-York Eve- 
ning Post, December 29, 1746. 

Electrical Experiments. — For the Entertainment of 
the Curious. To Be Shown, The most surprising Effects 
or Phenominas on Electricity of Attracting, Repelling, & 
Flemmies Force, particular the New Way of Electrifing 
several Persons at the same Time, so that Fire shall 
Dart from all Parts of their Bodies; as has been Ex- 
hibited to the Satisfaction of the Curious, in all Parts of 
Europe: Electricity became all the subject in Vogue, 
Princes were will to see this New Fire which a Man 
produced from himself. And it's tho't to be of Service 
to many Ailments. 

To be seen at any Time of the Day, from 8 o'clock in 
the Morning till 9 at Night provided the Weather proves 
Dry and no Damp Air, (a Company presenting) at the 
House of Mrs. Willson, near the Way House, in New 
York; where due Attendance is given by Mr. Richard 
BrickeU. 

As the stay of this Machine is but a short Time in 
this Town, those whose Curiosities excites them to behold 



MOVING PICTURES AND WAX WORKS 377 

those wonders, are desired to give their speedy Attend- 
ance. — The New-York Weekly Journal, May 9, 1748. 

Philosophical Optical Machine. — To the Publick 
in general here and hereabouts. Ladies, Gentlemen and 
every Body else, I am well enough know to all of you, 
for I am a New-Yorker. I don't pretend to be a fine 
Scribe; far from it. I have been otherwise employed 
all my Days, than to have any Time to learn a knack of 
writing well; but yet I think I am not quite so un- 
learned, but that I can write so as to be understood; 
and as I find myself under a Necessity of making my 
address to you, I hope you will make an Allowance for 
my manner and Stile. 

You all know I lately purchased, and many of you 
have seen my Philosophical Optical Machine, lately in- 
vented in, and imported from London. I have hitherto 
shewed (out of near 100 Prospects) only two Setts, 8 in 
each of English Palaces, grand Building, and Gardens, &c. 
Every one who has seen them, has paid me Four Shillings 
a Piece for each Set; and I must say, they have gone 
from me well satisfied ; their repeated Visits and constant 
Recommendations of the Machine, convince me of what 
I assert. 

But tho' all my Customers seem well pleased (except 
a very few who can approve of Nothing they see 
others do, or with any Thing but what they say them- 
selves or have a Hand in) yet as I understood, there 
were great Numbers who think much of Four Shillings, 
and knowing that there are others who really can't 
afford it, I began last week to show for Two Shillings 
only, the first eight English Prospects; and determined 
to have shewn them no more here. But last Week having 
been so bad weather, for the most Part, that few People 
cared to stir Abroad, I hereby give Notice, that none 
may miss an Opportunity of seeing the English Prospects, 
that every Morning this Week I will continue to shew 
the first 8, and every Afternoon and Evening, the other 
8 of them, to no less than 6 Persons at a Time; but if a 



378 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

lesser Number should come, I will leave it to their own 
Generosity, according to the Satisfaction they think they 
receive. The next Monday I will begin to show, on 
the same easy Terms, nine of the French King's Palaces, 
and so every succeeding Week different Ones, in different 
Parts of the World, till the whole be gone through. 
After that, I intend to go to Philadelphia. ... Jo. 

BONNIN^. 

P. S. Any Body who has once paid for seeing a set, is 
always welcome to see the same again gratis, provided 
they bring, or come along with a new Company, or when 
I am showing what they have seen before. Tickets at 
Two ShiUings a Piece to be had, as usual, at Mr. Camp- 
bell's shop, at the Meal Market, The Tickets always 
mention the Prospects to be seen by them. — The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, Decem- 
ber 19, 1748. 

Philosophical Optical Machine. — To be Shewn all 
this Week at Mr. John Bonnin's, nine French Prospects, 
viz. 1. Veue du Chateau Roial de Seause; A Prospect 
of the Palace of Seause; 2. Veue du Chateau de Chan- 
tilli; A Prospect of the Palace of Chantilh. 3. Veue du 
Thuilleries ; A Prospect of the Royal Thuilleries 4. Veue 
du Chateau de Medon; A Prospect of the Palace of 
Medon. 5. Veue du Chateau de Luxembourg; A Prospect 
of the Palace of Luxembourg. 6. A View of the Flower 
Gardens, and Part of the Fountains of Fountain-Bleau. 
7. A View of one Wing of Fountain-Bleau, taken from 
the Court of Fountains. 8. A View of the Canal of 
Fountain-Bleau, seven Miles long. 9. The Visto, between 
Chestnut Groves in the Gardens of Versailles, justly 
esteemed one of the most pleasant Parts in the Garden, 
because of its Serenity and Coolness in the most sultry 
Heats of Summer. The Groves are inclosed on each 
Side by a magnificent Net- Work, adorned with Bustos 
of Porphiry, and Statues of White Marble. 

N.B. Six Persons comming at a Time together, to be 
admitted at Two Shillings each, (without Tickets;) but 



MOVING PICTURES AND WAX WORKS 379 

if a lesser Number the Overplus to be left to their own 
Generosity. Any Body who pays once, may come again 
with a new Company, as often as they please gratis. — 
The New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
December 26, 1748. 

Philosophical Optical Machine. — Mr. Bonnin in- 
tended to have gone to-day to Long Island, with his 
Perspective Machine, according to a former Advertise- 
ment; but the People of all Ranks and Ages, having 
taken the Alarm, crouded so fast to him, that he had 
more Company to visit him last Week, than he has had 
for any three Weeks together since he began to show, 
and which Encouragement, together with the Cries, Tears 
and Prayers of the Populace, as he passes along the 
Streets, to continue another Week longer in Town, have 
at last prevailed upon him to defer his Removal till next 
Week. Now this curious Show, is about leaving this 
City, it may with the strictest Justice be said, that there 
never was any Entertainment in it, of so pleasing or of 
so instructive a Nature; nor which met with so general 
an Approbation. There are such vast Varieties of de- 
lightful Prospects, that let a Man or Woman's Taste 
be what it will, they cannot help meeting with some- 
thing or another fitted to give them the most delightful 
Sensation. — News item in The New-York Gazette Re- 
vived in the Weekly Post-Boy, January 30, 1749. 

Philosophical Optical Machine. — Jamaica on Long 
Island, March 8th, 1748/9. The common Topicks of 
Discourse in this Place, since the coming of Mr. Bonnin, 
are entirely changed ; instead of the common Chat, there 
is nothing scarce mentioned now, but the most enter- 
taining Parts of Europe, which are so lively repre- 
sented in Mr. Bonnin's curious Prospects, who proposed 
to tarry here but one Week when he first came; but 
those several Prospects have been so universally satis- 
factory, that crowded Concourses of People are daily 
Spectators, whose Expectations have been so far ex- 



380 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

ceeded, that he has been prevailed on to tarry here 
another Week, but designs for Flushing on Saturday 
next, and Hempsted the Saturday after. — The New- 
York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, March 
13, 1749. 



Philosophical Optical Machine. — This is to in- 
form the Curious of either Sex, That this Day John 
Bonnin begins to exhibit his Philosophical Optical Ma- 
chine, which has given so much Satisfaction to all those 
that have already favoured him with their Company : He 
has sundry new Additions, which he designs to shew all 
the Winter Season ; to begin at 8 o'clock in the Morning, 
and continue showing till 9 at night. To be seen at the 
House of Mr. Victor Becker, opposite to Mr. Haynes's 
New-Buildings, in Crown-Street. N.B. Price One Shil- 
ling for grown Persons, and Six Pence for children, — The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, 
December 11, 1749. 

Philosophical Optical Machine. — John Bonin, 
[sic] Hereby gives Notice to his Friends and Well wish- 
ers. That, After having tried many different Ways to 
support himself and Family, tho' with the utmost Hon- 
esty and Care, yet not being attended with desired 
Success, has now, by the Assistance of some Merchants, 
opened a Shop in Crown-Street, in the House where Capt. 
Hewit lately lived, near Mr. Abraham Lott's ; where may 
be had, Rum, Sugar, and most kinds of European Goods 
usually sold in Shops. As his Creditors, he is fully per- 
suaded, are such from a sincere and hearty Disposition 
to serve him, and as therefore he has his Goods at the 
most easy Rates, his kind Customers may depend on 
buying of him at the lowest Prices; and for their En- 
couragement, they shall be wellcome to view his famous 
Optical Machine Gratis. — The New-York Gazette Re- 
vived in the Weekly Post-Boy, May 14, 1750. 



MOVING PICTURES AND WAX WORKS 381 

Diagonal Mirror. — Just imported in the Dover, from 
London, and to be shewn by James Shaw, at WiUiam 
Willson's on the Dock, near the Old Slip, Diagonal 
Mirrour, representing the following Prints, being a 
greater Variety than any Thing of the kind that has 
ever yet been exhibited to publick View, viz. 

16 Perspective Views in and about 6 Views of France Palacea, 
London. 7 Inside Cathedrals. 

24 Curious Views in and about 12 Views of Naples and Rome. 

Venice. 12 Views on the Canal at Venice. 

12 Sea Prospects of Ships at Sea, 1 Inside St. Paul's Church in 

&c. London, 

4 Views of Fontainbleau. 1 Inside St. Peter's at Rome. 

A View of the great Fire Works on Account of the 
General Peace: exhibiting the curious Piece of Architec- 
ture erected on that Occassion. The three Fire Suns ; the 
middlemost 22 Feet, the other 10 Feet in Diameter; 12 
Fire Trees, and that particular grand Scene of the Fire 
Works, called the Girandola, which is firing at once 6000 
Rockets of half a Pound of Powder each. 

N.B. This elegant Piece of Architecture is 410 Foot 
high, is imbellish'd with the Statues of Justice, Prudence, 
Fortitude, Clemency, Vigilance and Piety, on the Front; 
on the Top of the Building are 6 Statues, representing 
Jupiter, Bacchus, Cerres, Pomona, Vesta and Fidelity. 
Under the great Arch on a peddestal, is the Statue of 
Peace holding the Olive Branch over Neptune's Head. 
Over the Arch is painted in Basso Relievo, His Majesty 
presenting Peace to Britannia; the Basso Relievos on 
each Side of the Arch; one represents Neptune drawn 
by Sea Horses, the other the Triumph of Mars. This 
grand Fire Work will last about 3 Hours, and it is com- 
puted Twenty five Tons Weight of Gun powder and 
Combustibles, will be consumed. 

All, or any Part of the above curious Prints, will be 
shewn at very reasonable Rates, at any Hour of the Day; 
and in order that no Person's Curiosity may be disap- 
pointed, it will be shewn by Candle Light, to oblige those 
who cannot attend in the Day-Time. 



382 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Note, Any Ladies, or particular Family, that have a 
Mind to see it at their own Houses, by applying to said 
Shaw, shall be waited on immediately. — The New-York 
Weekly Journal, June 19, 1749. 



Athenian Temple of Arts and Sciences. — To Be 
Seen At A large Theatrical Room, next to the Sign of 
the Dolphin (built on Purpose) near the Work-House, 
in New- York, for the Entertainment of Gentlemen, 
Ladies, and Others, to-morrow Evening, and to continue 
with different Plays ever Week. Punch's Company Of 
Comedians . . . Likewise. The Athenien Temple of Arts 
and Sciences. This admirable Piece of Mechanism is 
entirely of a new Invention, and is now finish'd by some 
of the best Artists, after several Years and Study Applica- 
tion. It is embellish'd with Variety of Painting, Carving 
and Gilding, and is acknowledg'd by the Curious, to be 
one of the most accurate Pieces of Art ever exhibited to 
publick View There are sundry Histories beautifully rep- 
resented by moving Figures, in a grand and magnificent 
Manner and adorn'd with all the Ornaments and Decora- 
tions that can fill the Mind with pleasing Ideas, and 
charm a judicious and curious Spectator. 

Note, That the Doors are to be open'd at 6 and begin 
at 7 o'clock. Price. Front Seats, two shilUngs. Middle 
Seats, one Shilling and six Pence. Back Seats, one Shil- 
ling. — The New-York Weekly Journal, August 28, 1749. 

Rock and Shell Work. — To be Seen, next Door to 
the Play House. A most curious Piece of Rock and 
Shell-Work, superior to any Thing of the Kind in 
America; a lively Prospect of the memorable Battle of 
CuUoden; with Views of several of the grandest Cities, 
Palaces, Hospitals, Water Works, &c. in Europe. The 
Rock and Shell Work, to be seen at One Shilling each 
Person, and the Prospects at One Shilling per Dozen; 
Children at half Price. — The New-York Gazette Revived 
in the Weekly Post-Boy, June 25, 1750. 



MOVING PICTURES AND WAX WORKS 383 

A Course of Natural. Philosophy and Mechanics. 
— To be exhibited, at the House of the Rev. Mr. Ebenezer 
Pemberton in the Broad-way, in New- York. A Course 
of Natural Philosophy, and Mechanics, illustrated by 
Experiments, By Lewis Evans. This Course consists of 
13 Lectures, treating of the nature of this World and its 
Parts. The Solar System is explained by a most curious 
Orrery, which represents the annual and diurnal Motions 
of all the Planets primary and secundary, the Causes of 
Day and Night, Winter and Summer Eclipses of the 
Sun and Moon, &c. 

The Mathematical Terms, Figures and Proportions, 
necessary for the Understanding of these Lectures, are 
explained for the Sake of the Ladies and Gentlemen un- 
skill'd in the Mathematics. 

The Properties of Water, Air, Fire, Light, the Electrical 
Fluid, and Magnetism, are explained by the Help of the 
best Machines and Instruments hitherto invented; and 
the Methods of applying them to the Conveniencies and 
Ornaments of Life, shall be directed on every Occasion. 

The Light, that the late Discoveries in Electricity have 
thrown on Natural Philosophy, enables us to explain the 
Nature of Attraction and Repulsion, and of several other 
grand Phaenomena beyond any Thing heretofore im- 
agined. 

The Laws of the Electrical Fluid shall be expressly 
handled, and this we are enabled now to do, as we are 
become acquainted with more of its Laws than have yet 
been discovered of Air. . . . — The New-York Gazette 
Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy, July 29, 1751. 

Musical Machine. — Now to be seen by the Curious, 
at the house of Mr. Adam Vandenbergh, in the Broad- 
way, to be seen any hour, a curious musical Machine, 
which represents the tragedy of Bateman, viz. First, Two 
folding doors fly open, a curtain draws itself up, and 
exhibits a company of gentlemen and ladies, with knives 
and forks in motion, sat down to a wedding-dinner. The 
bride having promised marriage to young Batemen prov- 



384 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

ing false, and marrying old Jermain, Bateman hangs him- 
self on her wedding day. Four cupids fly down, and carry 
Bateman away. The bride still enjoying herself at din- 
ner, she at last falls from the table, dead and her rosy 
colour changes to a deadly paleness: After which the 
devil comes up, and carries her away. Here the curtain 
falls, and ends the first act. The curtain drawing up 
a Second time, instead of the wedding, exhibits young 
Bateman laid in state, with the mourners about him; 
dressed in black cloaks and white hatbands; the room 
hung with escutcheons, and six ringers, in their shirts; 
ringing the bells. The representation of a carpenters 
yard, with people at work, with several other moving 
figures. The whole represented by clock-work, per 
Richard Breckell. 

Who mends and cleans all sorts of clocks, reasonably. 
N.B. Gentlemen and ladies will be waited upon at their 
houses, on timely notice given. Price One shilUng, and 
for boys, six pence. — The New-York Mercury, December 
29, 1755. 

Microcosm. — We hear. That that elaborate and cele- 
brated Piece of Mechanism, the Microcosm, now at Phila- 
delphia, will speedily be here, and for a short Time ex- 
hibited to pubHck View. As this Piece is deservingly the 
Admiration of its Spectators, and universally esteem'd, 
as superior to any Thing of the Kind, 'twill doubtless 
meet in this, the same Applause, as it has, in every other 
Place where exhibited. N.B. This is that Machine 
which the late Prince of Wales offer'd the Author Three 
Thousand Giuneas for, and Two Hundred Pound per 
Annum during his Life. — News item in The New-York 
Gazette or the Weekly Post-Boy, February 2, 1756. 

Microcosm. — This Day arrived here from Philadel- 
phia, the inimitable Piece of Mechansim the Microcosm, 
or, the World in Miniature, made by the late ingenious 
Henry Bridges, of London. This piece for the Magnifi- 
cence of its structure, the Beauty of its Painting and 



MOVING PICTURES AND WAX WORKS 385 

Sculpture, the Excellency of its Music, with just Propor- 
tion of the Celestial Phaenomina, and the Variety of 
moving Figures, is esteem'd as the most instructive as 
well as entertaining Work of its kind that ever appear'd. 
We further hear, 'twill be exhibited in this City for a 
short time. — News item in The New-York Gazette or 
the Weekly Post-Boy, February 9, 1756. 

Microcosm. 2 — To be seen at the New-Exchange, That 
Elaborate and Celebrated Piece of Mechanism, called 
Microcosm, or, the World in Miniature, Built in the Form 
of a Roman Temple, after twenty-two Years close Study 
and Application, by the late ingenious Mr. Henry 
Bridges, of London; who, having received the Approba- 
tion and Applause of the Royal Society, &c. afterwards 
made considerable Additions and Improvements; so that 
the Whole, being now completely finished, is humbly 
offered to the curious of this City, as a Performance which 
has been the Admiration of every Spectator, and proved 
itself by its singular Perfections the most instructive as 
well as entertaining Piece of Work in Europe. 

A Piece of such complicated Workmanship, and that 
affords such a Variety of Representation (tho' all upon 
the most simple Principle) can but very imperfectly be 
described in Words the best chosen; Therefore 'tis de- 
sired, what little is said in this Advertisement may not 
pass for an Account of the Microscosm, but only what is 
thought meerly necessary in the Title of such an Ac- 
count, &c. 

Its outward Structure is a most beautiful Composition 
of Architecture, Sculpture, and Painting. The inward 
Contents are as judiciously adapted to gratify the Ear, 
the Eye, and the Understanding; for it plays with great 
Exactness several Pieces of Music, and exhibits, by an 
amazing Variety of moving Figures, Scenes diversified 
with Natural Beauties, Operations of Art, of human 

2 A poem describing the wonders of the microcosm was printed in 
the New-York Mercury, March 1, 1756. 



386 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Employments and Diversions of passing as in real 
life, &c. 

1 Shews all the celestial phaenomena 

2 Nine Muses playing in concert 

3 Orpheus in Forest 

4 Carpenter's Yard 

5 A delightful Grove 

6 A fine Landskip, with a Prospect of the Sea, 

7 And lastly, is shewn the whole Machine in Motion, when up- 
wards of twelve Hundred Wheels and Pinnions are in Motion 
at once 

— The New-York Mercury, February 16, 1756. 

Microcosm. — We, the proprietors of the Microcosm, 
beg leave to acquaint the publick, that it will be shewn 
at the New-Exchange, (as usual) till Tuesday the 23 
instant, and positively no longer, as a further grant can- 
not be obtained for the use of the Assembly-Room, it 
being engaged for that purpose: Therefore 'tis hoped, 
all who may be desirous of seeing a piece so much 
superior to any thing of its kind, and so worthy the notice 
of the most judicious, will be as expeditious as con- 
venient. 

N.B. Tickets for Monday, Wednesday and Friday 
nights, to be had at the above place. — The New-York 
Mercury, March 8, 1756. 

A Work in Miniature. — This is to inform the Curi- 
ous, that at the House of Mr. Provost, Gun-Smith, 
opposite the Old-Shp, there is a most beautiful Piece of 
Work in Miniature, representing one Part of the City 
of Mallaga, Which is commodiously and regularly built; 
the Churches and other publick Edifices adorned with 
lofty Spires, which adds a great Grandeur to the whole. 
A large and well finished Monastry, with its Gardens 
decorated with flowers and Fruit Trees; A View of the 
Fryars Abess, and Nuns, inclosed within the Walls ; Also 
a Battery of 12 Guns, well mounted, the Centinals prop- 
erly placed and compleatly armed; the Streets paved 



MOVING PICTURES AND WAX WORKS 387 

and populated, with several other Embelishments, par- 
ticularly a Prospect of green Mountains behind it, with 
a View of Creatures on them; a Water Scene, with a 
man'd Barge, a rural Spot, with a Sheepherd and Sheep- 
erdess, their Dogs and Flock. To be disposed of by Way 
of drawing Billets; Any Gentleman or Lady, not inclin- 
ing to adventure, may satisfy their Curiosity by paying 
one Shilhng. It is expected it will be disposed of in 
about 10 Days. — The New-York Mercury, August 29, 
1763. 

Electricity. — For the Entertainment of the Curious, 
At the Assembly Room, at the City Arms, in the Broad- 
Way, will be exhibited, A Course of Experiment in that 
curious and entertaining Branch of Natural Philosophy, 
called Electricity. To be accompanied with Lectures on 
the Nature and Properties of the Electric Fire, By 
William Johnson. 

The Course to consist of Two Lectures: The first of 
which is generally taken up in explaining the Nature 
and Properties of that subtle Element, . . . 

In the second Lecture, the Electric Fire is shewn to be 
the same with Lightning, the Cause and Effects of which 
are amply explained. . . . — The New-York Gazette, 
October 31, 1763. 

Jerusalem, A View of that famous City after the Work 
of 7 Years, To be seen at the House of Tho. Evans, Clock 
& Watch Maker (opposite the Honourable John Watts, 
Esq; and near the Exchange,) from Eight in the Morn- 
ing till Seven in the Evening; and from Eight till ten at 
Night. One Shilling each person. 

It represents Jerusalem, the Temple of Solomon, his 
Royal Throne, the noted Houses, Towers and Hills ; hke- 
wise the Sufferings of our Saviour from the Garden of 
Gethsemane to the Cross on the Hill of Golgotha; an 
artful piece of Statuary, in which every Thing is ex- 
hibited in the most natural Manner, and worthy to be 
seen by the Curious. N.B. It will be in New- York three 



388 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Months. — The New-York Gazette or the Weekly Post- 
Boy, May 10, 1764. 



A Curious Machine, in Resemblance of a Boat, (to 
be taken out of a Man's Pocket, and exhibited to pubhc 
View) that will carry one Person across a small River, as 
will be demonstrated at Mr. Wilham Bull's, near Mr. 
Lispenard's Brewery, on Monday the 19th Day of 
October last at 3 o'Clock in the Afternoon, for the small 
Sum of Eighteen Pence for each Person. By James 
Foster. 

Those who choose to see this curious Exhibition, will 
please attend at the above Place. Mr. Foster intends 
soon to set out for Virginia. — The New-York Gazette and 
the Weekly Mercury, October 19, 1772. 

Fire Works. — By Permission of his Excellency the 
Governor. On Saturday, July the 17, (If the Weather 
permits.) In the Bowery-Lane, will be exhibited a grand 
and curious Fire-Work, Divided into three Parts, consist- 
ing of the following Variation, Viz. 
Parti 

A Grand Pyramid turning with a Flower Pot on the 
Top, and two moving Globes on each Side. 

A beautiful Prospect of a Sea-Fight, in which two Men 
of War will engage, and j&re at each other in every 
Position of a real Battle. 

Two capricious Wheels of a new Construction with 
great Variations of Fire. 
Part II 

A large Tree illuminated, with several Birds flying out, 
and coming in again. A Piece representing a Wind-MiU. 
Two Perpendicular Wheels with Maroons. 
Part III 

Two Swarm Boxes; Chinese Fountains, and great 
variations of Fire. 

Two Boxes, in which will be represented the Arms of 
this Province, in brilliant Fire, and several changes. 



MOVING PICTURES AND WAX WORKS 389 

A fixed Sun of Brilliant, with a Piece representing the 
Sun and Moon in great Motion. 

Two Girondoles, with several Sky Rockets, and Hand 
Grenadoes. 

Also, a large Variety of Fire not mention in this Adver- 
tisement. 

To prevent Confusion, it is hoped none will take amiss, 
their not being admitted without a Ticket, which may be 
had of Mr. James Rivington, and at the Bull's-Head in 
the Bowery, the Place of Performance, at Five Shillings 
for the Front Part, and Two and Six-pence for the Yard. 

Proper Seats will be made for Ladies and Gentlemen, 
and the greatest Care will be taken to render the Enter- 
tainment agreeable, by Their most obedient Servant, 
Peter Dumont. — Rivington' s New-York Gazetteer, July 
15, 1773. 

Wax Works 

Effigies of the Royal Family of England. — This is 
to acquaint the Curious. That there is just arriv'd from 
England and to be seen for a short Time in this Town, 
at The Sign of the Dolphin Privateer, near the Work- 
House, New- York. The Effigies of the Royal Family of 
England. In a Composition of Wax, exactly as big as 
Life. 

I. His Majesty King George the Second. 
II. His Royal Highness Frederick, Prince of Wales. 

N.B. Both these Effigies are dressed in Royal Robes in 
the same Manner as when sitting in the Parhament- 
House. 

III. Her Royal Highness Augusta, Princess of Wales. 

IV. His Royal Highness William, Duke of Cumber- 
land, in his Regimentals, as he appeared at the Head of 
the English Arms. 

Likewise, 
V. The Effigy of the Empress Queen of Hungary and 
Bohemia. 

VI The Arch Duke, Joseph, her Son. 
VII A Pandour mounting Guard. 



390 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

N.B. These three Efl&gies are dressed in Hungarian 
Habits. With four curious EflSgies, of the four Seasons 
of the Year, 

Likewise, 

A Fryar and a Nun in their proper Habits. 

The Efi&gy of Miss Peggy Warfington the present 
Famous Actress now in England. 

With a curious Philosophical, Optical Machine, prop- 
erly adapted to the Philosophical System of Sir Isaac 
Newton's Opticks. 

Constant Attendance is given from Seven in the Morn- 
ing, till Six in the Evening; and to be seen by two or 
more, without loss of Times. 
Likewise, 

A curious Piece of Ordnance, Which Charges and Dis- 
charges both at one Time, and times in a Minute. All 
the above shewn, by, Gentlemen & Ladies Your most 
humb. Servt. James Wyatt. — The New-York Weekly 
Journal, July 3, 1749. 

Wax Work. — . . . N.B. On Thursday next I design to 
give a Benefit Night, and likewise the Day to see the 
Wax Work, for to reUeve some of the poor Prisoners in 
the City Hall; Those Gentlemen and Ladies that will be 
so charitable to favour me with their good Company, 
will much oblige their humble Servant, James Wyatt. 
Tickets to be had at Mr. Ramsay's, at Mr. Lepper's, and 
at Mr. Griswold's, Price Two Shillings each Ticket.— The 
New-York Gazette Revived in the Weekly Post-Boy , 
October 30, 1749. 

Wax Figures. — Vaux-Hall Gardens. Mr. Francis begs 
Leave to acquaint the Ladies and Gentlemen of this City, 
and the Public in general; that from 8 in the Morning 
'till 10 at Night, (at Four Shilhngs each Person) may be 
seen at the Gardens, in a large Commodious Room, gen- 
teelly fitted for the Purpose, a Group of magnificent Wax 
Figures, "Ten in Number," rich and elegantly dressed, 
according to the ancient Roman, and present Mode; 



MOVING PICTURES AND WAX WORKS 391 

which Figures, bear the most striking Resemblance of 
real Life, and represent the great Roman General Pubhus 
Scipio, who conquered the City of Carthage, standing 
by his Tent pitch'd in a Grove of Trees, (among which 
are some of different Fruits, very natural) attended by 
his Guards; with the King, the young Prince, and 
Princess, and other great Personages brought before the 
General, who were taken Prisoners in the City. Also 
there are several very masterly Pieces of Grotto-Work, 
and Flowers, composed of various Shells, &c. The Whole 
affording a very agreeable Entertainment, and are 
declared by those who have seen Figures of the like kind, 
much admired in London and Paris, to be no Way 
inferior. 

P. S. A more particular Description, will be ready on 
Monday to be delivered at the Gardens. Tea, Coffee, 
Mead, &c. as usual. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, July 25, 1768. 

Wax Work Artist. — On Monday Evening about 8 
o'clock, a Fire was discover'd in the House of Mrs. 
Wright, the ingenious Artist in Wax-Work, and Pro- 
prietor of Figures so nearly resembhng the Life, which 
have for some Time past been exhibited in this City to 
general Satisfaction . . . tho' most of the Wax-Work 
was destroyed, together with some New Pieces which 
Mrs. Wells (Sister of Mrs. Wright) had lately brought 
from Charlestown: the whole amounting it is said to 
the Value of several Hundred Pounds; yet she was so 
fortunate as to save the curious Piece of the Rev. Mr. 
Whitefield, the Pennsylvania-Farmer and some others, 
which she continues to exhibit, and we hear that she 
proposes to repair the loss sustained by this Fire, as soon 
as possible, by making some new and curious Pieces. — 
News item in The New-York Gazette or the Weekly 
Post-Boy, June 10, 1771. 

King George and Queen Charlotte. — ^Vaux Hall, 
Mr. Francis takes this method to acquaint the public, 



392 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

that he has just compleated a number of Wax Figures as 
large as life, drest in the newest and most elegant man- 
ner, representing their present Majesties, King George 
and Queen Charlotte, sitting on the throne, with their 
usual attendants, several of the nobility, &c. properly dis- 
posed in a large appartment genteely fitted for the 
purpose, and proper persons to shew the same, from eight 
in the morning till ten in the evening. — The New-York 
Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, July 6, 1772. 

Banquet in Macbeth. — To the Encouragers of In- 
genuity, and the Public in general. At Vaux-Hall in this 
City, there are to be seen at any Hour of the Day, a very 
great Variety of Wax Figures as large as Life, also 
entirely new dressed, and that in the most elegant as well 
as genteel Taste. Amongst other curious Representa- 
tions, one Room contains that of the Banquet in Mac- 
beth, with the Appearance of Banquo's Ghost, and a 
large Gallery filled with Spectators. Also Harlequin and 
Columbine, are finished in a very pleasing Manner, and 
have attracted much Notice; in fine, no Representation 
of the like Kind has ever been in this City, by any Means 
equal to the Grandeur and agreeable Entertainment of 
the present, which have been compleated with very great 
Trouble and Expence. — The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, August 17, 1772. 

Wax Work Artist. — To the Printer, We hear from 
England, that the ingenious Mrs. Wright, whose surpris- 
ing Imitations of Nature, in Wax Work, have been so 
much admired in America, by a diligent Application and 
Improvement in the same Employment, has recom- 
mended herself to the general Notice and Encouragement 
of Persons of the first Distinction in England, who have 
honoured her with peculiar Marks of their Favour; and 
as several eminent Personages, and even his Majesty 
himself, have condescended to sit several Times, for her 
to take their Likeness; it is probable she will enrich her 



MOVING PICTURES AND WAX WORKS 393 

Collection, and oblige her Friends in America, with a 
View of the most remarkable Persons of the present Age, 
among which will be the immortal, inimitable Garrick, 
whom she had began; she has already compleated, and 
sent over to her House in this City, where they may be 
seen, the most striking Likeness of the celebrated Doctor 
Benjamin Franklin, of Philadelphia, now in London, 
and of Mrs. Catharine M'Cauley, so much admired foi; 
her great Learning, Writing and amiable Character. — 
Letter to the printer in The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, November 9, 1772. 

Wax Work Artist. — We hear the ingenious Mrs. 
Wright from America, at No. 30, Great Suffolk-street, 
Strand, has lately sent over to New- York, two of her 
inimitable Wax Figures, representing Dr. Franklin and 
Mrs. Mackauley; and that she is now making, (to go by 
Capt. All for Philadelphia), another of a well known 
character in America, as a present to the America Philo- 
sophical Society. — News item from London, December 1, 
1772, in The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mer- 
cury, February 15, 1773. 



Wax and Shell Work. — This is to inform the Public, 
That at the House of Mr. M'Neill, at the Corner of 
Chapel-Street, opposite the new Brick Meeting-House, 
is to be seen, gratis, and disposed of publickly, by the 
20th of May next ; a most elegant Piece of Wax and Shell 
Work; the Scheme taken from Homer's Illiad. The 
Scene Hector and Andromache, with several other beau- 
tiful Figures, at the City Gate; the whole judged to be 
completely finished. The proprietors of this Work, beg 
leave to acquaint the Ladies, that as they intend continu- 
ing in New- York a few Months they propose teaching, on 
the most reasonable Terms ; the Wax and Shell in all its 
different Branches; and any Ladies inclining to be 
taught, by applying speedily, may have Time to be 
perfectly instructed, before their Departure from this 



394 THE ARTS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Place. N.B. Ladies from the Country may be accomo- 
dated with Board at a moderate Price. — The New-York 
Journal or the General Advertiser, May 13, 1773 {Sup^ 
plement). 



A REPRESENTATIVE LIST OF WOODCUTS AND 

ENGRAVINGS ILLUSTRATING NEW YORK 

NEWSPAPERS, 1726-1776 

Chairmakers 

Thomas Ash. Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 

February 24, 1774 
Thomas BurUng. Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 

September 2, 1774 
Andrew Gautier, The New-York Gazette and the 

Weekly Post-Boy, April 18, 1765 
Adam Galer. Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, 

August 25, 1774 
Jonathan Hampton. The New-York Journal or the 

General Advertiser, May 19, 1768 
John Kelso. The Nev)-York Gazette and the Weekly 

Mercury, September 5, 1774 {Supplement) 
Silversmith 

Charles Oliver Bruff. The New-York Gazette and 

the Weekly Mercury, March 27, 1775 
Maps 

Quebec. The New-York Gazette, December 10, 

1759 
Harbour of Louisbourg. The New-York Weekly 

Journal, December 24, 1733 
Plan of the Town and Harbour of Louisburg. The 

New-York Weekly Post-Boy, June 10, 1745 
Cutlers 

Richard Sause. The New-York Gazette and the 

Weekly Mercury, April 8, 1771 
J. Bailey. The New-York Gazette and the Weekly 

Mercury, October 19, 1772 
James Youle. The New-York Gazette and the 

Weekly Mercury, May 18, 1772 
Lucas & Shepard. The New-York Gazette and the 

Weekly Mercury, May 13, 1771 {Supplement) 

395 



396 THE AETS AND CRAFTS IN NEW YORK 

Costume 

Furrier (John Siemon). The New-York Journal, 

December 19, 1771 
Hatter (Nesbitt Deane). The New-York Gazette 

or the Weekly Post-Boy, August 26, 1771 

Leather dressers and breeches-makers: Cornelius 

Ryan, At the Sign of the Sun and Breeches, The 

New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, 

March 21, 1774 {Supplement); Ethan Sickels, 

Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, March 31, 1774 

Peruke-maker and hairdresser (James Douglas). 

The New-York Gazette and the Weekly Post-Boy, 

December 16, 1771 

Shoe store (John Milligan's Woman's Shoe Store). 

The New-York Gazette, October 31, 1771 
Stay-makers: John Burchett, At the Sign of the 
Crown and Stays, Rivington's New-York Gazet- 
teer, July 8, 1773 ; Peter Hulick, Rivington's New- 
York Gazetteer, August 4, 1774 

Organ Builder 

John Sheybil. The New-York Gazette and the 
Weekly Mercury, October 10, 1774 

Bull-baiting. Rivington's New-York Gazetteer, July, 
28, 1774 

Microcosm. The New-York Gazette, March 15, 1756 

Chemist (Richard Speaight). Rivington's New-York 
Gazetteer, May 12, 1774 

Gun Maker (Gilbert Forbes, At the Sign of the Sports- 
man). The New-York Journal or the General 
Advertiser, March 16, 1775 

Iron Furnace (William Hawxhurst's Sterling Iron 
Works). The New-York Mercury, July 9, 1764 

Grates (William Bayley's Stove Grate Warehouse). The 
New-York Gazette and the Weekly Mercury, June 
13, 1774 

French Burr Millstones (James Webb). Rivington's 
New-York Gazetteer, June 16, 1774 



INDEX 



INDEX 



Abbets, James, watchmaker, 143. 

Abeel, John, advertisements of, 
203, 213, 219; agent for Vesu- 
vius furnace, 219. 

Abeel & Neil, auction house of, 270. 

Abrahams, Abraham, house of, 173. 

Abrahams, I., house of, 277. 

Abram, Benjamin, entertainer, 
289-290. 

Acquakanonk (Acquakanank), N. 
J., 309; Acquackanung Landing, 
210. 

Actors, 118, 286-287, 313-314, 370. 
See also Amusements. 

Adems, Dunlap, engraver and 
schoolmaster, 8. 

Airey, Mary, silver stolen from, 
80-81. 

Air-Fumaces: New York Air-Fur- 
nace, 188, 189, 213-215; Vesuvius 
Air-Furnace, Newark, N. J., 188, 
189, 219-220. See also Forges 
and Furnaces. 

Albany, N. Y., engraved view of, 
14; map of road from, 19; 
craftsmen, etc., in, 105, 143, 146, 
147, 248; lumber from, 183, 184, 
185; post-rider of, 309-310; men- 
tioned, 4-5, 36. 

Albany Pier, 219. 

Alcoholic beverages, 123, 239, 296, 
299; beer, 290; rum, 91, 92, 105, 
121, 123, 183, 212, 219, 270, 296, 
299, 355, 380. See also Breweries; 
Distilleries; Punch bowls; Wine. 

Aldermen, of N. Y. City, 183, 187, 
232 note, 237, 267, 282, 292. 

Alexander, William (Lord Stir- 
ling), proprietor of Hibernia 
Furnace, 211; house of, 247. 

All, Capt., 393. 

Allen, J., 125. 

Allen, Jacob, gunsmith, 197. 

Allen, Moses, schoolmaster, 311- 
312. 

Allentown, 61. 

Almanacs, for sale, 247; Freeman's 
New-York Almanack for 1770, 
250. 



Alsop, John, forge for sale by, 209. 

American Colonies, independent of 
Great Britain as to millstones 
and semi-precious stones, 78; 
balance of trade of, 115, 234; 
civilian action in N. Y. for in- 
fraction of non-importation 
agreement, 37-39 ; advertisement 
of conformity with non-importa- 
tion agreement, 165; decision 
against imported gloves, 331 ; tea 
given up by, 261; Continental 
Congress of, 16, 58, 152, 215. See 
also American Revolution ; 
Manufactures. 

American Company, iron works of, 
207. 

American Flint Glass Manufactory 
(Stiegel's), 94-95. 

American Manufactures. See 
Manufactures. 

American Philosophical Society, 
393. 

American Revolution, arrival of 
British fleet in N. Y., 8; map of 
battlefields of, 27; military com- 
panies being organized, 35; ad- 
vertisement for swords decorated 
with heads of Pitt, and Wilkes, 
35; differences between England 
and her colonies mentioned, 
132; Rivington hanged in efiigy, 
240; Rivington's printing press 
destroyed, 241. See also Ameri- 
can Colonies. 

Amory, John, whip maker, 321. 

Amsterdam, Holland, 96. 

Amusements: plays, 118 note, 122, 
286; theatres in N. Y. City, 122, 

286, 299, 382; theatre in Charles- 
ton, S. C, 287; actors, 118, 286- 

287, 313-314, 370; pantomime, 
313; puppet shows, 144, 313, 
382; balancing, 289, 290; acro- 
bat, 313; sleight of hand, 312- 
313, 375; negro impersonator, 
314; lectures, 177, 374, 383, 387; 
electrical experiments, 376-377; 
concerts, 109, 177, 286, 289, 313, 



400 



INDEX 



365; dancing, 6, 298-299, 313, 314, 
368, 369; Assembly Room, 386, 
387; room for balls, concerts or 
assemblies, 178; violinist for 
balls and assemblies, 308; fire- 
works, 388-389; wax works, 178, 
389-392, 393-394; magic lanterns, 
289, 375-376; moving machine, 
376; optical machine, 377-380, 
390; pictures with diagonal mir- 
ror, 381-382; mechanical musical 
machines, 374-375, 382-386; mu- 
sic-box, 289; microcosm, 384-386, 
396; orrery, 374, 383; models of 
cities, 386-388; shell work ex- 
hibited, 382, 391, 393-394. See 
also Games; Sport. 

Anchors, 203, 210, 218, 220; Ster- 
ling Anchory, 218. 

Ancram ironworks, Livingston 
Manor, 212. 

Anderson, John, printer, advertise- 
ments of, 238-239; mentioned, 
269. 

Anderton, T., bookbinder, 243. 

Andirons (Handirons), of brass 
and iron, 121, 194, 195, 197, 198, 
223, 226; fire-dogs, 224, 225. 

Andler, Dominicus, wheelwright, 
321. 

Andover furnace, N. J., pig iron 
from, 207. 

Andrews, Bernard, embroiderer, 
279. 

Andrews, Edward, cutler, 198. 

Andrews, Jeremiah, jeweller, 64- 
65. 

Andrews, Robert, jack-maker, ad- 
vertisements of, 203-204; shop 
of, 204. 

Annapolis, Md., 71, 257, 329. 

Annely, Edward, gunsmith, 304; 
potter, 84. 

Anneyley, , gunsmith, men- 
tioned, 237. 

Anticosti Island, 23. 

Apothecaries, 97, 296. See also 
Chemists. 

Appleby, George, blacksmith, 290. 

Apprentices, wanted, 119, 132-133, 
159, 160, 197, 363; runaway, 127, 
143, 339, 344, 345, 346; former, 
115, 115-116, 127, 198, 237, 239, 
283, 293, 302; journeymen 
wanted, 147, 152, 207, 235, 244, 
258, 260, 334. 

Arabian style rooms designed, 180. 

Archie, John, silversmith, 29. 



Architects, advertisements of, 179- 
181, 193. 

Architecture, school for, 181 ; archi- 
tectural plans, 7. 

Arding, Charles, house for sale by, 
172-173; importer, 270. 

Arell, Peter, boat builder, 292. 

Aris, John, cutler, 198. 

Arms. See Coats of Arms. 

Armstrong, James, 254. 

Army. See Military. 

Arthur, John, merchant, 315-316. 

Artists (painters; limners), adver- 
tisements of, 1-7, 127, 129, 130, 
349; (in waxwork), 391, 392-393. 

Artists' materials. See Paints. 

Ash, Gilbert, organ-builder and 
soap-boiler, 109, 365. 

Ash, Thomas, chair maker, 110; 
illustrated advertisement of, 
listed, 395. 

Ashers, Chepman, smelter and re- 
finer, 314. 

Assaying, of metals, 41, 42, 43. 

Assembly Room, 386, 387; room 
for balls, concerts, or assemblies, 
178; violinist for assemblies, 308. 

Associations. See Societies. 

Astronomical instruments, 374, 383. 

Astronomy, lectures on, with an 
orrery, 374, 383. 

Atherton, Cornelius, maker of 
shears, 312. 

Atsion Forge, Burlington Co., N. 
J., 219. 

Attorneys at law, 60-61. 

Auctioneers, 139-140, 270, 273. 

Auction rooms, 120, 135, 149, 270, 
273, 274. 

Auctions or vendues, 54, 79, 101, 
106, 114, 120-126, 133, 135, 140, 
168, 173, 210, 242, 264, 266, 269, 
272, 273. 

Austria, 267. 

Ayers, William, of Freehold, N. J., 
311. 

Backgammon, 117, 307. 

Bagnall (Bagnel), Benjamin, of 
Boston, watch maker, 143. 

Bailey. See also Bayley. 

Bailey, J., cutler, illustrated ad- 
vertisement of, listed, 395; for- 
mer workmen of, 201. 

Bailey & Youle, cutlers, 198-199. 

Baily, Nicholas, coach maker, 356. 

Baker, , cleaner and dyer, 284- 

285. 



INDEX 



401 



Bakers, 237, 288, 316; brickwork 

for bakers' ovens, 188, 189, 191. 
Balancing (entertainment), 289, 

290. 
Baldwin, John, painter and glazier, 

348. 
Ball, George, importer, 87, 97-98, 

226-227. 
Baltimore, Md., 94. 
Baltimore County, Md., 257. 
Bamper, Lodowick, glass-house of, 

92; advertisements of, 92, 221- 

222; mentioned, 230. 
Bancker, Adrian, silversmith, 

house of, 30; mark A.B. on 

spoon possibly mark of, 29. 
Bancker, Christopher, house of, 

203, 204. 
Bancker, Christopher, fabrics sold 

by, 270. 
Bancker, Flores, 30. 
Bancker, Gerard, 210-211. 
Bancker, Richard, 270. 

Banks, , of Newark, 149. 

Baixks, James, of Newark, 186. 
Banton, Edmund, sawyer, 182-183. 
Barbados, 17, 175. 
Barbers, advertisements of, 325, 

326-327; mentioned, 106; brushes 

for, 292, 293; razors and other 

implements for, 82, 195, 198, 199, 

200, 201, 202, 203. 
Barclay, Andrew, silver tankard 

stolen from, 58. 
Barclay, Rev. [Henry], house of, 

172. 
Bard, Peter, Mount Holly Iron 

Works for sale by, 212-213. 
Barden (Bardin), Edward, tavern 

keeper, 37 note, 178. 
Barrow, James, painter, 129, 348. 
Barrow, Thomas, painter, 129, 348. 
Barwell, Bartholomew, clock 

maker, 143-144. 
Baster, John, breeches-maker, 303, 

328. 
Bateman, William, lapidary, 65-66. 
Bateman, mechanical performance, 

383-384. 
Bath, England, 143. 
Bath beaver (cloth), 270, 333. 
Bath-house, at Perth Amboy, for 

salt water bathing, 177-178. 
Bath metal, 195, 323. 
Bath stoves, 230. 
Bayard, Nicholas, sugar-refinery 

of, 316; glass-house of, 92-93; 

servant of, 341. 



Bayard, Samuel, house of, 199, 
264. 

Bayard's Dock, 324. 

Bayley, William, stove-grate ware- 
house of, 114, 396. 

Bayly, juggler and actor, 313-314. 

Beall, , of Annapolis, Md., 

stocking manufacturer, 329. 

Beals (Bales), John, net-maker, 
308. 

Beau, John Anthony, engraver, 8, 
42-43, 43 note. 

Beaver hats. See under Hats. 

Becker, Frederick, jeweller, 66. 

Becker, Frederick, house of, 9. 

Becker, Victor, house of, 380. 

Bedloe's Island, New York Har- 
bor, 171. 

Beds and bedding: beds and bed- 
steads, 110, 119-122, 124, 125, 
126, 134, 135, 138, 140, 201; key 
to take down bedsteads, 141; 
insecticide for, 354-355; curtains 
and canopies for, 120, 121, 122, 
124, 136, 137, 138, 139, 141, 142, 
281, 282; bolsters, 121, 122; pil- 
lows, 121, 122; mattresses, 134, 
136, 137, 138, 139; feather beds, 
121, 123, 125, 126, 139; blankets, 
121, 139, 268, 269; counterpanes, 
136, 139; coverlets, 260; quilts, 
121, 139, 276; bedding, 120, 
141; bed ticking, 260, 265, 
266, 268; camp and field bed- 
steads, 110, 120, 124, 136, 137, 
138, 139. 

Beekman, Gerard [Jr.], land for 
sale by, 61. 

Beekman, Gerardus, advertisement 
of, 222. 

Beekman, William, ship captain, 
106. 

Beekman's Slip. See under Docks, 
Piers, and Slips. 

Beekman's Swamp, 61. 

Beer, bottling of, 290 ; beer glasses, 
97, 297. 

Belgium, lace from, 266. 

Bell, George, timber yard of, ad- 
vertised, 183. 

Bell, John, house of, 53. 

Bell, John, carpenter, house of, 
265; servant of, 337. 

Bell, Robert, of Philadelphia, 
printer, 242. 

Bellarow, Widow, house of, for 
sale, 57-58. 

Belle Isle, Strait of, 24 



402 



INDEX 



[Belleville] formerly Second River, 
N. J., 61. 

Bell-hangers, 134, 198, 203, 205, 
291. 

Bell-makers, of N. Y., 195, 197; of 
Elizabeth, N. J., 154. 

Bellows, 202, 209, 212, 216, 224, 
301, 334. 

Bellows-maker, 334. 

Bells, 134, 194, 195, 197, 198, 221, 
291; wooden handles for, 117; 
church, 154, 175, 221; of Fort 
George, 191; of Trinity Church, 
175. 

Bendix, Abraham, wax-chandler, 
294. 

Benefits: concerts, 109, 365; plays, 
118 note, 286; sleight of hand, 
313-314; wax works exhibition, 
390. 

Bennett, James, jeweller, shop of, 
63; advertisements of, 66-67; re- 
turning to England, 67. 

Bennett & Dixon, jewellers, gold- 
smiths, and lapidaries, advertise- 
ments of, 67-68. 

Bergen County, N. J., 170. 

Berlin, Germany, 13, 55. 

Bernard, Nicholas, carver, 126-127. 

Berton, Peter, servant of, 66. 

Besly, Thauvet, goldsmith, 30; 
executor, 30-31. 

Besnit, John, bricklayer, 191. 

Beurk, Mrs., house of, 264. 

Beverages. See Alcoholic bever- 
ages; Cider; Coffee; Tea. 

Bibles and Testaments, for sale, 
239. 

Biferi, Nicholas, music teacher, 
368. 

Bill heads, engraved, 8, 12. 

BiUiard table, 125; billiard balls, 
117, 307. 

Birch, Thomas, D.D., Secretary of 
Ro5^al Society, 15. 

Bird, Richard, upholsterer, 134. 

Bird cages, 254; cages for parrots, 

194, 254. 

Birmingham, England, 68, 77, 117, 

195, 197, 200, 201. 

Bishop, Richard, servant of, 335. 

Blaau, [Cornelia], widow, house 
of, 26-27. 

Black Creek (Burlington Co., N. 
J.), iron works, 209. 

Blacking, 355; blacking ball, 295; 
blacking brushes, 293; lamp- 
black, 348. 



Blacksmiths, advertisement of, 
356; equipment for, 200, 202, 
220, 223, 224, 225, 301; men- 
tioned, 290, 335, 345, 351. 

Blagge, Benjamin, Alderman, 292. 

Blake, , carpenter, 192. 

Blake, Jonathan, 129. 

Blanchard, John, of Elizabethtown, 
207, 213. 

Blanchville, Patrick, bricklayer, 
188. 

Blanck (Blank), John, lumber 
yard of, 183; timber inspector, 
184; mentioned, 59 note. 

Bleecker, Anthony L., 88. 

Blodget, Samuel, account of Battle 
of Lake George by, 23. 

Bloomingdale (N. Y. City), 327. 

Bloomingdale Furnace [Passaic 
Co.], N. J., for sale, 210. 

Blouin, Dr., 106. 

Boarding house, 394. 

Boarding schools, 278, 279, 280, 
311-312. 

Boat builders, advertisement of, 
291-292. 

Boats, between N. Y. and Newark, 
231. See also Ships. 

Boel, Rev. Henricus, 4. 

Boelen, Jacob, silversmith, pieces 
made by, 31; mark of, 31. 

Bogart, , 3, 4. 

Bohemia, 267, 316. 

Bohemia polishing stones, 47. 

Bolting of flour. See under Flour 
and grist mills. 

Bolton, [Richard], of Bolton and 
Sigell's Tavern, 128. 

Bolton, Duke of, 14. 

Bonnell, Elias, advertisement of, 
204. 

Bonnin, John, exhibitor of optical 
machine, 377-380. 

Bookbinders, 41, 153, 242, 332; ad- 
vertisements of, 243-248; leather 
for, 244, 317. 

Bookcases. See under Furniture. 

Bookkeeper, 292. 

Bookplates, engraved, 8. 

Books, metal dies for stamping 
numbers in, 199; lettered, 243, 
244, 246; edges of, marbled and 
gilded, 243, 244, 246; on heraldry, 
for consultation, 65-66; second- 
hand Greek and Latin books 
bought, 236; Bibles and Testa- 
ments, for sale, 239; school 
books and primers for sale, 239, 



INDEX 



403 



246, 247; provided by schoolmis- 
tress, 279; to be sold at auction, 
125; Loudon's subscription li- 
brary for circulating, 240; al- 
manacs, 247, 250; music, 371, 
372; on navigation, 307; on sur- 
gery, 316; about J. P. Zenger, 
241; pamphlet describing Penn- 
sylvania fireplaces, 169, 170-171; 
pamphlet describing Evans' map 
of 1755, 22 ; Colden's History of 
Five Indian Nations, 16-17; A 
Brief of the Purchasors against 
the Proprietors, 102 ; A Scheme 
to Encourage the Raising of 
Hemp (1737), 211 ; James Burgh's 
Political Disquisitions, 242; An 
Earnest Address to Such of the 
People called Quakers (1775), 
245; Chronicles of Duke of 
Cumberland, 245; Pullein's Cul- 
ture of Silk, 252; Valentine's pro- 
posed Treatise on Weaving, 
263; Watts's Divine Songs, 371; 
Mock Bird, or New American 
Songster, 372 ; drawing and copy 
books, 24-25; blank books, 
ledgers, etc., 239, 243, 244, 245, 
246, 247, 248, 264. 

Booksellers, advertisements of, 17, 
22, 239, 242, 246, 247, 248. 

Boonton, N. J., 206, 216; Old 
Boonton Iron Works, 216. 

Booth, Mr., store of, 67. 

Bordentown, N. J., ironworks, 209. 

Boss, John, house of, 44. 

Boston, Mass., view of, 24; map of, 
27; linen manufactory in, 258; 
weavers wanted in, 260; simpler 
dress in, 329-330 ; orrery in, 374 ; 
mentioned, 8, 11, 19, 23, 58, 66, 
79, 143, 147, 184, 187, 229, 332, 
356. 

Bosworth, Mary, school of, 277. 

Bottles, 93, 95, 99, 290, 291; for 
ink, 95, 98, 99; for medicine, 95, 
98, 316. 

Bound Brook, N. J., 148, 149, 152. 

Bounty, for linen, in Maryland, 
257. 

Bowling Green. See under Streets 
and Squares. 

Bowls, china, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91; 
earthenware, 85; glass, 97; silver, 
75, 76. 

Bowne, Andrew, of Shrewsbury, 
N. J., quarrel of, with a silver- 
smith, 45-46. 



Bowne & Rickman, 217. 

Boxes, 77, 117, 279; salt and pepper 
boxes, 52, 60, 76, 117. See also 
Snuff boxes. 

Boyd, Elizabeth, stocking-mender, 
275, 325-326. 

Boyd, Robert, blacksmith, 356. 

Boyle, Robert, pewterer, 100-101. 

Brabazon, Henry, dyer, 283. 

Bradford, Andrew, of Philadelphia, 
61. 

Bradford, Cornelius, advertisement 
of, 101. 

Bradford, William, printer of New- 
York Gazette, Colden's Indian 
History printed by, 16-17; prin- 
ter of Lyne survey of N. Y. City, 
18; maps sold by, 18; Scheme to 
Encourage the Raising of Hemp 
advertised by, 211; Remarks on 
Mr. Hamilton's Arguments in 
Zenger's Trial advertised by, 
241; letter to, 49; obituary of, 
239-240; Parker apprentice of, 
239; house of, 310-311; men- 
tioned as printer, 29, 166, 221. 

Bradford, William [Jr.], pewterer, 
advertisement of, 101; deceased, 
101; pewter sold by son Corne- 
lius, 101. 

Bradford & McEuen, pewterers, 
101-102. 

Bradock, Mrs. Mary, 326. 

Braily (Brayly), [John], ship cap- 
tain, 372. 

Braintree, Mass., German settlers 
at, 93; glass factory at, 93. 

Branding irons, 197, 226. 

Brant, Samuel, servant of, 338. 

Eraser, John, turpentine sold by, 
354-355. 

Brasher, Ephraim, name of, on 
scabbard, 31-32. 

Brass, Adolph, house of, 112. 

Brass, articles made of, 34, 86, 106, 
121, 130, 189, 194, 195, 196, 197, 
199, 202, 208, 213, 220-221, 223, 
224, 225, 226, 227, 249, 254, 256, 
257, 265, 294, 304, 306, 307; but- 
tons, 53, 96, 334, 338, 341, 345; 
buckles, 68, 194, 197, 202, 205, 
336, 339, 343, 345, 346; handles 
and escutcheons, 122, 129, 199, 
223; brass leaf, 354; old, 101, 
102, 103, 194, 195, 197; plate en- 
graved, 28, 104; tinned, 205; 
brass ware mended, 194, 195 ; ad- 
vertisements of braziers, 194-198, 



404 



INDEX 



202, 205; braziers mentioned, 

167, 201. 
Bratt, Johannes, servant of, 106. 
Brayly, [John], ship captain, 372. 
Brazier (Brassier), , house of, 

283, 372. 

Brazier, , wharf of, 206. 

Braziers, 167; advertisements of, 

194-198, 202, 205; tools for, 201. 

See also Brass. 
Brazier's Wharf, 206. 
Breasted, Andrew, house of, 52. 
Breckell (Brickell), Richard, en- 
tertainer, advertisements of, 144, 

313, 376-377, 383-384. 
Breeches-makers. See Tailors. 
Breese, Mrs., house of, 111. 
Breese, Sidney, importer, 133, 

271. 
Breese & Hoffman, china impor- 
ters, 88. 

Brevoort (Brovort), , 329. 

Brevoort, Henry, advertisement of, 

224. 
Brevoort, John, silversmith, mark 

of, 32 ; silverware made by, 32. 
Brewer, 324; bottler of beer, 290. 
Breweries: Lispenard's, 388; of 

Harmanus Rutgers, 41; mead- 
house, 84. 
Brickell, Richard. See Breckell. 
Bricklayers, advertisements of, 

186-187, 188, 191; mentioned, 

191. See also Masons. 
Brick maker, 335. 
Bricks, 185, 187, 188-190; N. Y. 

law regulating, 190. 
Brickwork, 179, 187, 188, 189, 191. 
Bridges, Henry, of London, 384, 

385. 
Bridgewater flax, 258. 
Brinner, John, cabinetmaker, 110, 

124. 
Bristol, England, glass from, 97, 

99; textiles from, 265, 271, 272, 

273, 274; vessels from, 99, 188, 

223, 224; craftsmen from, 290, 

293, 315, 341. 
Bristol, Pennsylvania, 338. 
Britannia, ship launched, 292. 
Britton, Capt., house of, 50. 
Broadcloth. See under Woolen 

cloth. 
Broad Street. See under Streets 

and Squares. 
Broadway. See under Streets and 

Squares. 
Broker, 79. 



Bromfield, Charles, of Liverpool, 
marble cutter, 228. 

Brooklyn, N. Y., 77; Flatbush, 31, 
340. 

Brookman, Thomas, 112. 

Brooks, Nicholas, of Philadelphia, 
16. 

Brooks, Philip, bookbinder, 244. 

Broome, Joseph, juggler, 312-313. 

Broome, Samuel, 271. 

Brouwer, Peter, servant of, 343. 

Brower, John, upholsterer, 134. 

Brown, , of Phenix & Brown, 

53. 

Brown, John, fabrics sold by, 264. 

Brown, John, runaway servant, 347. 

Brown, John, of Boston, 258. 

Brown, Jonathan, of Boston and 
Hartford, coach maker, 356. 

Brown, Samuel, printer and book- 
binder, 244. 

Brown, Thomas, cutler, house of, 
199; advertisement of, 199-200. 

Brown, Thomas, marble cutter, 
228-229. 

Brown, Thomas, of Boston, 184. 

Browne, , of Haddock & 

Browne, 155. 

Browne, Samuel, importer, 271. 

Brownjohn, Dr. William, house of, 
135, 148. 

Bruff, Charles Oliver, goldsmith, 
advertisements of, 32-36, 88, 144, 
395; mark of, 33; swords made 
by, 35-36; workman of, 66. 

Bruff, James, clock-repairer, 144- 
145. 

Brushes, 103, 202, 264. 292, 293; 
for muskets, 254, 256, 257 ; paint, 
292, 293, 349, 350, 351, 354, 355; 
hogs bristles for, 292, 293, 351 ,352. 

Brush makers, advertisements of, 
292, 293; mentioned, 334. 

Brussels lace, 266. 

Buckles, 32-34, 37, 42, 50, 52, 57, 
60, 62, 65, 66, 68, 70-73, 77-79, 82, 
103, 150, 154, 160, 161, 198, 199; 
brushes for, 292, 293 ; chapes for, 
72, 82, 196, 294; chape-forger, 35; 
brass, 68, 194, 197, 202, 205, 336, 
339, 343, 345, 346; pewter, 344; 
pinchbeck, 68, 72, 79, 82, 197; 
silver, 68, 199, 324, 326; steel, 
336, 342; garter, 324; girdle, 57, 
62, 74; knee, 42, 50, 57, 68, 70, 

71, 77, 78, 82, 103, 154, 161, 197, 
226; shoe, 42, 50, 57, 68, 70, 71, 

72, 73, 77, 78, 82, 103, 195, 204, 



INDEX 



405 



226, 326, 336, 339, 340, 342, 343, 
344, 345, 346, 347; stock, 57, 68, 
70, 77, 82, 161, 226. 

Buell, Abel, of Killingworth, 
Conn., jeweller, type cast by, 
69. 

Builders, advertisements of, 179, 
188, 193; mentioned, 348. See 
also Bricklayers, Carpenters, 
Joiners, Masons. 

Building materials, 183-189, 191. 
See also Brick; Stone; Lumber. 

Bull, William, house of, 388. 

Bull-baiting, 396. 

Bunker Hill, Boston, 27. 

Burch, John, tinsmith, 204. 

Burchett, John, stay-maker, 396. 

Burger, Nicholas, silver stolen 
from, 32. 

Burges, Hannah, name of, on 
spoon, 39. 

Burgh, JCames], Political Disquisi- 
tions by, 242. 

Burgi, F., of New Jersey, watch 
maker, 152-153. 

Burling, John, partner of Thomas 
Burling, 110; slave of, 344. 

Burling, Thomas, cabinetmaker, 
110-111; dissolving partnership 
with John Burling, 110; illus- 
trated advertisement of, listed, 
395. 

Burling Slip. See under Docks, 
Piers, and Slips. 

Burlington, N. J., 22, 182, 218, 219, 
362; printer of, 238. 

Burlington Co., N. J., Etna Fur- 
nace in, 208; Black Creek fur- 
nace in, 209; Mount Holly iron- 
works in, 212-213; Taunton forge 
in, 218-219. 

Burnet's Key, 18. 

Bums, George, tavern keeper, 25, 
342. 

Buskerk, , house of, 371. 

Butchers, knives for, 199, 201; ser- 
vant of, 347. 

Buttonmakers, 96, 198, 293-294. 

Buttons, made in N. Y., 198, 293- 
294: imported, 198; for sale, 200; 
Philadelphia, 96, 204, 293; brass, 
53, 96, 334, 338, 341, 345; gold, 
77; pewter, 106, 107, 335; pinch- 
beck, 346; silver, 46, 53; on 
clothing of servants, 53, 106, 107, 
323, 334-336, 338, 339, 341, 345- 
347; mentioned, 46, 53, 60, 66, 
68, 77, 256, 257, 264, 266. 



Butwell, Thomas, stay-maker, 323; 
partnership of, with Munden, 
dissolved, 48. 

Byers, James, brazier, advertise- 
ments of, 86, 194, 194 note. 

Byfield, Mrs., house of, 202. 

Byvanck, Anthony, estate of, 121. 



Cabinetmakers. See Furniture 
makers. 

Cadogan, John, peruke-maker, 
332. 

Calender, for pressing, 285. 

Callander, Mary, 282, 

Callow, Stephen, upholsterer, ad- 
vertisements of, 134-135, 138; 
house of, struck, 123-124. 

Campbell, John, potter, 84. 

Campbell, Malcolm, shop of, 146, 
378. 

Campbell, Mary, 285. 

Campbell & Gault, 197, 271. 

Canada, maps of, 18, 19,23-24, 395; 
furs from, 332; N. Y. Fishery 
Co. in, 302; mentioned, 17, 22. 

Candles, for sale, 89, 109, 294, 295, 
303; bayberry, 109; spermaceti, 
294-295; tallow, 294; of special 
composition, 306; wax-chandler, 
294; chandlers, 7, 238, 294-295, 
303; house suitable for making, 
104; pewter molds for, 100, 102; 
sconces, 121, 130, 131, 226; sconce 
glasses, 125, 126, 133, 139; snuf- 
fers for, 82, 224, 301; carved 
candle stand, 128; tallow, 294, 
317. 

Candlesticks, brass, 194, 195, 197, 
221, 223, 224, 226, 227; copper, 
195; iron, 224, 226; silver, 51, 52, 
57, 79, 80. 

Candy, 316; sweetmeat glasses, 98, 
121. 

Cannon and shot, 101, 215. 

Cannon's Dock, 90. 

Canvas, for paintings, 5; embroi- 
dery on, taught, 278, 279. 

Cape Breton Island, 18, 23. 

Cap-maker, 364. 

Caps. See under Hats 

Cards, for carding cotton and wool, 
195, 199, 254, 255, 262, 267; wire 
for, 256, 257. 

Card tables, 116, 119, 125, 126, 136, 
139; playing-cards, 315. 

Carlisle, Pa., 22. 

Carmer, Henry, cabinetmaker, 111. 



406 



INDEX 



Carmer, Nicholas, ironmonger, 
225-226. 

Cams, John, cooper, 255. 

Carpenter, Mrs., house of, 103, 

Carpenters, 111, 127, 171, 182, 191, 
218, 265, 337, 341; advertise- 
ments of, 192-193; tools for, 199, 
223, 224, 225; Society of House 
Carpenters, 193. See also Car- 
vers, Joiners. 

Carpets, 122, 126, 133-134, 139, 
285. 

Carree, Lewis, of AUentown, 61. 

Carriages. See Coaches. 

Carrol, , silversmith, of Shrews- 
bury, 36. 

Carroll, Mrs., 276. 

Carryl, Patrick, house of, 163. 

Carter, Mary, deceased, 30. 

Carver, Capt. Jonathan, journal 
and maps of, 25. 

Carvers, advertisements of, 3, 110, 
124, 126-129; apprentices, 127, 
132-133; tools for, 198, 199; ship 
carvers, 3, 127. 

Caselick, James, 341. 

Casey, Samuel, silk dyer, shop of, 
269; advertisement of, 283. 

Castor (beaver) hats. See under 
Hats, 

Cattle, linseed cakes for, 309. 

Caudle cups, china, 88; silver, 77. 

Caulker, 346. 

Ceilings, decorations for, 123, 127, 
128. 

Cement, for mending china and 
glass, 86. 

Cemeteries, designer of, 180; mon- 
uments and gravestones for, 186, 
228, 229, 230; Trinity burying 
ground (Old English Church 
Yard), 321, 354, 359; Negroes 
Burying Ground, 84. 

Ceramics. See China and Pottery. 

Chadeayne, Henry, 254. 

Chadock, Thomas, saddler, 363. 

Chafing-dishes, 79, 106, 195, 221, 
223, 224, 225. 

Chair makers. See under Furni- 
ture makers. 

Chairs. See under Furniture. 

Chalk, for sale, 25, 351; drawing 
in, 127. 

Chandlers, 7, 294-295, 303; tallow- 
chandlers, 7, 188, 238, 294; wax- 
chandler, 294; ship-chandlers' 
wares, 130. See also Candles. 

Charcoal pits, 209. 



Chardavoyne, Isaac, Inspector of 
timber, 184. 

Charleston, S. C, silk culture in, 
252; theatre in, closed, 287. 

Charlotte, Queen, wax eflfigy of, 
391-392. 

Charlotteburg furnace, Passaic Co., 
N. J., 207, 208. 

Charter of the City of New York, 
printed by J. P. Zenger, 241. 

Charts, 18. See also Maps. 

Cheese, Cheshire, 106, 164. 

Cheetwood, Mrs., of EUzabeth- 
town, mill of, 246. 

Chemists, advertisements of, 167, 
296, 396; glass vessels for, 93, 95, 
96, 97; apothecaries, 97, 296. 

Cheshire cheese, 106, 164. 

Chess men, 117. 

Chester, George, watch maker, 
145. 

Chests of drawers; chests-on- 
chests. See under Furniture. 

Chew, , of Oyster Bay, dyer, 

284. 

Children, dress of, 275, 325, 326, 
328, 330; dress of apprentice 
boys, 339, 345; toys for, 68, 103, 
117; Watts's Divine Songs for 
use of, 370; remedy for teething, 
287. See also Apprentices; 
Schools. 

Chimney-backs (fire-backs), 101, 
189, 210, 213, 214, 220, 222, 224, 
225; chimney-hooks, 194, 223, 
See also Fireplaces. 

Chimney-pieces, carved, 110, 127, 
128; marble, 123, 189, 228, 229, 
230; stone, 229; designer of, 181; 
ornaments for, 132. See also 
Fireplaces. 

Chimneys, cured of smoking, 187, 
189, 191, 203; air-jacks for, 203; 
tiles for, 90, 189. 

Chimney-sweepers, 295, 342. 

China and Pottery, for sale, 34, 84- 
91, 95, 98, 106, 124, 125, 239, 297; 
imported, 87, 88, 89, 90, 98, 106, 
297; made in America, 84-85; 
china to be auctioned, 79, 122, 
125, 126; menders of broken 
china, 86-87, 144, 194; orna- 
mented china, 144; blue and 
white china, 87, 90, 91; cream- 
ware, 88, 89; Delft ware, 86, 88, 

89, 91, 95, 297; stoneware, 88, 89, 

90, 91, 125, 297; Philadelphia 
earthenware, 84-85, 91. 



INDEX 



407 



Chinese style furniture, 110, 124; 
Chinese style rooms designed, 
180; Chinese silks, 253, 264; 
mock Chinese wallpaper, 124; 
Nanking china, 88. 

Chocolate, 89, 295, 296, 316. 

Chocolate-makers, 295-296; paper 
for, 238; stone and roller for, 
121. 

Christmas pieces, 27. 

Churches, cups and flagons for, 
100; suggestion for heating, 175; 
architect of, 181 ; embroiderer of 
pulpit cloths, 279; church music 
engraved, 15; hymn book, 371; 
Christ Church, Great Barring- 
ton, Mass., described, 174; St. 
Paul's Church, Philadelphia, 
mentioned, 242; 

in New York City: French 
Church, 8, 62, 350; Lutheran 
Church, 51, 62, 270; Methodist 
Meeting-house, 238 ; Moravian 
Meeting-house, 127, 372; Pres- 
byterian Meeting-house, 78, 371 ; 
ironwork on [First] Presbyterian 
spire, 171; Scotch Meeting- 
house, 140, 193; Brick [Presby- 
terian] Meeting-house, 393; 

Old Dutch Church, 307; North 
[Reformed Dutch] Church, 116, 
163; New Low Dutch Church, 
297; New [Middle] Dutch 
Church, clock of, 143-144; 
struck by lightning in 1763, 173; 
mentioned, 40, 41, 52, 58, 192, 
222, 293, 353; 

St. George's Chapel, 186, 318; 
interior of, to be finished, 171; 
New English Church, 181, 231, 
254; St. Paul's, 110, 162, 251, 
256, 365; 

Trinity Church, struck by 
lightning, 123; steeple of, set on 
fire, 170; records of, burned, 
170; bells for, 175; organs of, 
372; clerk of, 170; organist of, 
372; sexton of, 229, 230; bury- 
ing ground (Old English Church 
Yard) of, 321, 354, 359; men- 
tioned, 357; mentioned as Old 
English Church, 128, 137, 171, 
229, 356, 359, 360, 363. 

Cider, bottled, 291. 

Cider mill, 222. 

Ciphers (monograms), engravers 
of, 12, 13, 34-35, 65; on seals, 
12, 117; in hairwork, 73, 74; on 



stolen silverware, 29, 30, 31, 32, 
36, 39, 44, 51, 52, 54, 55, 57, 58, 
60, 62, 63, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 
81, 82, 83. 

City Hall, Wall Street, 2, 17, 84, 
109, 171, 275, 348, 350, 365, 390. 

Clark, John, case-maker. 111. 

Clark, Peter, house of, 327. 

Clarke, , stay-maker, 328. 

Clarke, Christopher Thomas, jew- 
eller and upholsterer, 135. 

Clarke (Clark), J., ship captain, 
98-99. 

Clarkson, David, storehouse of, 
264, 266. 

Clay, at Whitestone, L. I., 84, 317; 
for pipes, 317. See also China 
and Pottery. 

Cleaners or scourers of fabrics, 
277, 281-285; brushes for, 292; 
cleaning fluid, 305, 355. 

Clemens, Isaac, engraver, 8. 

Clement, Moses, silver stolen 
from, 44. 

Clement, Moses, servant of, 342. 

Clemm, William, of Philadelphia, 
silver stolen from, 75. 

Clifford, Thomas, of Philadelphia, 
silver stolen from, 76-77. 

Clock makers, advertisements of, 
50-51, 143-145, 147-148, 153, 154, 
155, 156-161, 162, 163, 165, 387; 
tools for, 53, 162. See also 
Watchmakers. 

Clocks, 37, 77, 121, 122, 143, 145, 
148, 149, 155, 156, 159, 160, 161, 
165, 265; imported, 144, 155, 156, 
159; musical, 144, 148, 149, 155, 
157, 159, 165, 167, 168; clock 
bells, 195; of the New Dutch 
Church, 143-144; clock cases, 
119, 128, 156, 161, 168; japanned 
cases for, 77, 155, 156, 265; brass 
clock-work, 197 ; Harrison's 
chronometer, 166-167. 

Clopper, Cornelius, merchant, 
house of, 156. 

Clopper, Hemy, saddler, 29, 363. 

Clopper, Peter, stoves sold by, 
123; house of, 217. 

Cloth, of American manufacture, 
249, 252-253, 257-260, 262, 267- 
269; imported, 136, 264-267, 269, 
270-275. See also Cotton; 
Linen; Silk; Wool. 

Clothiers' shears, 199. 

Clow, , of Dobie & Clow, 

builders, 179. 



408 



INDEX 



Clowse, Samuel, of Jamaica, L. I., 
61. 

Coaches, carriages, riding-chairs, 
chariots, etc., 138, 139, 356-364; 
metal-work for, 201, 358; wheels 
for, 320, 358; stage coaches, 93, 
362; four-horse stage, 217. See 
also Sleighs; Wagons. 

Coach makers, advertisements of, 
356-360; prices of, 358. 

Coach painters, 349, 350, 357, 358, 
359. 

Coal, 218-219; coal houses and 
sheds, 209, 210; colliers, 208, 217, 
218. 

Coats of Arms, engraved, 9, 12, 
13, 65, 304; on bookplates, 8; on 
seals, 13, 34-35, 65, 326; engraved 
on stolen silverware, 29, 31, 51, 
58, 81; Royal, carved, 127; 
painted, 13, 65, 350; description 
of, of Lewis Morris's family 
painted on coach, 360-361; 
crests in hairwork, 74; J. T. 
Kempe's spoon engraved with 
falcon, 76; crest of cock with 
sprig in bill, 81; book of heral- 
dry describing, 65-66. 

Cobb, Willam, house of, 173. 

Cobham, William, 109, 271. 

Cochran, Peter, of New Brunswick, 
339. 

Cockrem, Philip, map maker, 17. 

Coenties Market. See under Mar- 
Coffee', 88, 95, 178, 296, 298, 316, 
391. 

Coffee House Bridge. See under 
Docks, Piers, and Slips. 

Coffee-houses. See Taverns. 

Coffee-pots, brass and copper, 194, 
195; silver, 51, 52, 54, 57, 75. 

Coffin, John, 63. 

Colden, Cadwallader, History of 
Five Indian Nations by, adver- 
tised, 16-17. 

Cole, Mrs., embroiderer, 279-280, 
280-281. 

Colebrook (Conn.), Forge, 217. 

Coley, Simeon, silversmith and 
jeweller, 36-37, 39, 373; action 
against, for infraction of non- 
importation agi-eement, 37-39; 
to leave N. Y., 39. 

Coley, William, silversmith, part- 
ner of Simeon Coley, 36. 

Collect Pond (The Fresh Water), 
104, 169, 237, 249, 258, 301. 



CoUes, Christopher, water works 
of, 319-320. 

Colley, Joseph, 79. 

Colliers, 208, 217, 218. 

Collins, , of Moore & Collins, 

dyers, 282. 

Collins, Isaac, of Burlington, 
printer, 238. 

Collins, John, watch maker, of 
Yeoman & Collins, 165. 

Columbia College, 181. 

Comb makers, 297. 

Combs, 68, 195, 297; of tortoise- 
shell, 68, 199, 297. 

Communion cups and flagons, 100. 

Concerts, 109, 177, 286, 289, 313, 
365; room for, 178. 

Condiments, 88, 95, 296, 298, 316; 
mill for grinding ginger, 179, 
321; mustard pots, 95, 96, 355; 
nutmeg graters, 117; pickle jars, 
85; soy cruets, 98; pepper and 
salt boxes and cellars, 56, 60, 76, 
87, 95, 97, 98, 99, 117, 183, 355. 

Congress, Continental, 16, 58, 152, 
215. 

Connecticut, map of, 21; iron fur- 
naces in, 189, 216, 217; spinning 
in, 263; towns in, 22, 50, 66, 69, 
85, 145, 174, 217, 263, 291, 331, 
356; mills in, 50, 85. 

Connecticut Light Horse, 241. 

Conro, Isaac, builder of Sandy 
Hook Lighthouse, 174; adver- 
tisement of, 188-189; deceased, 
189. 

Constantinople, 198. 

Continental Congress, 16, 58, 152, 
215. 

Cook, , house of, 324. 

Cook, George, saddler, 365. 

Cook, John George, stocking 
weaver, 257. 

Cook, William, house of, 171. 

Cooks, 135; bakers, 237, 288, 316. 

Cooley, , shop of, 158. 

Cooley, Francis, importer of silver 
and jewelry, 77; house of, 365. 

Cooper, Dr. Robert, of London, 
brother of, 356. 

Cooper, William, of London and 
Elizabethtown, coach maker, 
356-357. 

Coopers, 255; tools for, 200. 201. 

Copper, old, bought, 101, 194, 195, 
197; plating on, 84; tinned, 205; 
refiners of, 304, 314; on Sandy 
Hook Lighthouse, 174; copper- 



INDEX 



409 



ware mended, 194; iron utensils 
preferred to, 226-227; kettles 
and other articles made of, 121, 
139, 194, 195, 197, 200, 207, 221, 
224, 225, 265, 294, 306. For cop- 
per aUoy, see Pinchbeck. 

Copperplate engravers and engrav- 
ings, 9-12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 27, 49, 
65, 104, 316; copperplate print- 
ers, 12-13, 28, 197-198. 

Coppersmith, 205. 

Coral jewelry, 37, 77, 154. 

Cordage, 121; hemp, 211; rope- 
makers, 342, 343; ropemaking, 
250. 

Cork cutter, 297-298. 

Corks, 89, 297. 

Cornel, , of Waldron & Cornel, 

120. 

Cornish, Richard, silver stolen 
from, 82-83. 

Cornwel, Richard, 319. 

Cornwell, Caleb, of Hempstead, 
346. 

Corsetiers. See Stay-makers. 

Cortlandt. See Van Cortlandt. 

Cosmetics, 298, 306; patch boxes, 
117, 279; ''jesseme" oil, 121. 

Costume. See Dress. 

Cotton and cotton fabrics, for sale, 
264-267, 270; imported, 264, 265, 
266; spinning of, 258; calender 
for pressing, 285; cleaning, 281- 
283; dyeing of, 261, 282, 283, 
284; articles made of, 136, 139, 
257, 258, 323, 335-347; teaching 
of embroidery on, 276, 277, 278; 
used for embroidering, 280 ; map 
on calico, 20; calico, 31, 122, 124, 
264, 266, 267, 270; cambric, 264, 

266, 276, 277, 278; chintz, 136, 
270, 281, 285; muslin, 264, 266, 

267, 275, 278. 
Cotton cards, 254, 255. 
Counterfeiting, 47, 49. 
Coupar, Capt., 82, 156. 
Courter, Capt., house of, 335. 
Cowan, Capt. of ship Molly, 263. 
Cow Bay [Manhasset Bay], L. I., 

291. 
Cow Neck [Manhasset], L, I., 291. 

Cowperthwait, , house of, 111. 

Cox, Gabriel, coach maker, 357. 
Cox, [John], tavern keeper, 177. 
Cox, Joseph, upholsterer, 135-136. 
Crayon, instruction in, 6-7, 127. 
Cream-ware (pottery), 88, 89. 
Cregeer, Matthias, 14. 



Cressy, James, linseed-oil dealer, 
309. 

Crests. See under Coats of Arms. 

Croker, John, great-coat of, 323- 
324. 

Cromlyn's Dock, 89. 

Crommelin, Robert, advertisement 
of, 186. 

Crosby, John, comb maker, 297. 

Cross, John, cabinetmaker, de- 
scription of, 112. 

Crossfield, Stephen, of Totten & 
Crossfield, ship builders, 292. 

Cruger, Henry, house of, 351. 

Cruger, John, house of, 332. 

Cruikshank, Joseph, of Philadel- 
phia, printer, 238. 

Culloden, Battle of, engraving of, 
14. 

Culver, , of Kelly & Culver, 

wool manufacturers, 261. 

Currier of leather, 317; leather 
dressers, 13, 396. See also 
Leather. 

Curtains : curtains and canopies for 
beds, 120, 121, 122, 124, 136-142, 
281, 282; window curtains, 134- 
139, 141, 142, 276, 285; Venetian 
blinds, 139, 142. 

Curtenius, Peter T., N. Y. air fur- 
nace of, 189, 213-215; partner of 
Isaac Goelet, 204-205; hardware 
advertised by, 214, 224; men- 
tioned, 41. 

Custom House, N. Y. City, 17, 
169, 310; absence of customs 
duties on American manufac- 
tures, 94, 96. 

Cutlers, advertisements of, 198- 
203, 312; illustrated advertise- 
ment of, listed, 395; mentioned, 
35. 

Cutlerj', 71, 80, 106, 198-203, 213, 
220, 222, 224, 225, 226, 257, 264, 
266, 312; knives and forks, 37, 
53, 57, 80, 121, 198, 199, 200, 201, 
202, 222, 226, 257. 

Cuyler, Henry, house of, 53. 

Da Costa, Jacob, mender of china, 

Dalglish, John, 271. 

Dallas, , dyer, 282-283. 

Damask, 121-122, 136, 139, 264, 265, 

266, 328. 
Dancers, 313, 314. 
Dancing-masters, 6, 298-299, 368, 



410 



INDEX 



Darcey (Daurcey), James, house 
of, 160. 

Darcey (Dawrsey), Widow, house 
of, 363, 371. 

Dash, John Balthus, tinman, adver- 
tisement of, 204; house of, 205. 

Daubney, Lloyd, house of, 204. 

Daurcey. See Darcey. 

Davidson, David, deceased, former 
partner of Strachan, 128. 

Davies (Davis), Benjamin, captain 
of ship Ho-pe, 90, 157. 

Davies, Benjamin, importer, 271. 

Davies & Minnett, china store, 88- 
89, 98. 

Davis, , of Dwight & Davis, 

carvers, 127. 

Davis, Benjamin. See Davies. 

Davis, Benjamin, silver-plated 
ware and pewter sold by, 80. 

Davis, John, upholsterer, 136-137. 

Davis, Thomas, cleaner, 281. 

Davis, [William], captain of the 
Edward, 195. 

Davis's quadrants, 307. 

Dawkins, Henry, engraver, 8-9. 

Dawson, John, goldsmith and jew- 
eller, 40. 

Dawson, Roper, advertisement of, 
123. 

Deall, Samuel, 6. 

Deane, Elkarah, coach maker, 357, 
358. 

Deane, Nesbitt, hatter, 330, 332- 
333, 396. 

Deane, William, coach maker, 358- 
359. 

Deas, [James], wig maker, shop 
of, 297. 

De Bruls, Michael, engraver, 9-12. 

De Foreest, Henry, printer and 
bookbinder, 160, 244; partner of 
William Bradford, 247 note; 
mentioned as printer of N. Y. 
Evening Post, 122. 

Degrushe, Elias, ropemaker, serv- 
ants of, 342-343; mentioned, 89. 

Delamontaine, Catherine, execu- 
trix of John Delamontaine, 348. 

Delamontaine, John, painter and 
glazier, deceased, 348. 

De Lancey, Colonel, house of, 282. 

De Lanoy, Abraham, hatter, 104. 

Delanoy, Abraham, Jr., portrait 
painter, 1. 

Delaplaine, Joshua, joiner, ap- 
prentices of, 115-116, 143. 

Delaware, Evans's maps of, 19-20, 



21-22; estimate for wool manu- 
facturing in, 261-262. 

Delaware River, 20. 

Delft ware, for sale, 88, 89, 91, 95, 
297; mended, 86. 

Demelt, Anthony, chair-maker, 
112. 

Demot, Mrs., house of, 299. 

Denmark, King of, 289. 

Dentists, 126, 200, 299, 316; tooth- 
powder, 59, 298; remedy for 
teething children, 287. 

De Paiba (Paiba), , 8. 

Derbyshire marble, 189. 

Derham, Mary, milliner, 271. 

Derham, Widow, house of, 144. 

Desbrosses, Elias, storehouse of, 
53. 

Deserters, from British regiments, 
described, 52-53, 115, 128. 

Desk cases, 243; travelling writing 
cases, 243. 

Desks. See under Furniture. 

Dey's Dock, 183, 184. 

Diamonds. See under Jewels. 

Dice and dice boxes, 117, 307. 

Dienval, Alexander V., music 
teacher, 368. 

Dies, John, ironmonger, 204. 

Dies, metal, for stamping names 
or numbers, 199. 

Distilleries, indicated on N. Y. 
City map, 21; John Wiley's, 191; 
still houses, 171, 355; brick work 
for, 188, 191; worms for, 100, 
102. 

Distillers, 299, 355. 

Ditcher, John, tallow-chandler, 7, 
294. 

Dixon, , of Bennett & Dixon, 

jewellers, 67-68. 

Dixon, George, brother of Robert 
Dixon, 112. 

Dixon (Dixson), Robert, cabinet- 
maker, 112. 

Dobie, Samuel, 175. 

Dobie & Clow, builders, advertise- 
ment of, 179. 

Docks, Piers, and Slips: the Dock, 
130, 196, 202, 229, 263, 335, 349, 
354, 381 ; slips at foot of Thames 
St., 59; 

Albany Pier, 219; 
Bayard's Dock, 324; 
Beekman's Slip, 80, 88, 95, 98, 
137, 147, 154, 155, 156, 159, 162, 
196, 200, 207, 239, 291, 296, 315, 
349; 



INDEX 



411 



Brazier's Wharf, 206; 
Burling Slip, 11, 28, 47, 58, 80, 
95, 98, 127, 137, 147, 155, 156, 
159, 184, 200, 206, 207, 220, 234, 
235, 296, 364, 365; 
Burnet's Key, 18; 
Cannon's Dock, 90; 
Coffee House Bridge, 43, 44, 126, 

149, 150, 152, 162, 333; 
Cromlyn's Dock, 89; 
Dey's Dock, 183, 184; 
Ellis's Dock, 62, 183; Ellis's Slip, 

183, 231; 
Great Dock, 296; 
Hunter's Key, 13, 18, 120, 131, 
165, 205, 230, 322; Rotten 
Row, 40, 61, 62, 70, 144, 161, 
246, 247; 
Laight's new dock, 319; 
Long Bridge, 69, 118, 138, 159, 

281, 319, 326, 328, 342, 356; 
Murray's Wharf, 161, 263; 
New Dock, 60, 79, 90, 141, 145, 

175, 193, 265, 290; 
Old Slip, 104, 105, 354, 381, 386; 

Old Slip Bridge, 244; 
Peck (Peck's) Slip, 56, 88, 102, 
153, 160, 229, 236, 246, 249, 255, 
278, 281, 294, 315, 317, 319, 362, 
368; 
Rotten Row. See Hunter's Key. 
Warren's (Sir Peter), Dock, 93. 
Whitehall Slip, 87, 112, 296. 
Doctor. See Surgeons and Physi- 
cians. 
Dod (Dood), Daniel, of Newark, 

surveyor, 179-180. 
Dodane, Anthony, marble cutter, 
229. 

Dominick, , of Hardenbrook & 

Dominick, lumber yard, 185. 
Doolittle, Isaac, of New Haven, 
clock maker, printing press con- 
structed by, 145. 
Door knockers, 220-221, 224, 226. 
Door plates, engraved, 12. 
Doran, Capt., house of, 349. 
Doughty, Philip, tailor, 271; men- 
tioned, 244. 
Douglas, James, wig-maker and 

hairdresser, 396. 
Douglass, David, actor and man- 
ager, 286-287. 
Douglass's Histrionic Academy, 

287. 
Dowdall, William, painter, 349. 
Downing, Capt., 120. 
Draughtsmen, 7, 9. 



Drawing, books for, 24-25 ; instruc- 
tion in, 3, 4, 6-7, 8, 127, 128 note, 
130, 228, 349, 350. 

Dresden needlework, 275, 276, 277, 
278, 279; sold, 266. 

Dress, of American manufacture, 
258, 259, 260, 331, 332; simpler, 
in Boston, 329-330; simplified 
mourning, 330, 331; of men, 50, 
63, 280, 323, 324, 325, 326, 328, 
329, 331, 332, 333; prices for 
tailoring men's, 333; of women, 
142, 253, 256, 275, 278, 280, 285, 
323, 324, 327, 330, 332; of children, 
275, 324, 325, 328, 330; of serv- 
ants, 53, 66, 106, 107, 334-347; 
cleaning and dyeing of garments, 
281-285; laundering, 142, 285. 
See also Gloves; Hats; Shoes; 
Stays; Stockings; Hatters; Mil- 
liners; Tailors. 

Dressmakers (mantua - makers), 
327, 332. 

Druggist. See Chemist. 

Drugs, 296. See also Medicines. 

Drum-makers, 366, 367. 

Drums, 137, 141, 366, 367, 373; 
drumsticks, 117. 

Drury, Edward, linseed-oil dealer, 
309. 

Duane, James, house of, 113. 

Dublin, Ireland, 244, 253, 256, 282, 
297, 304, 330, 357. 

Dudley, , house of, 311. 

Dudley, Francis, carpenter, serv- 
ant of, 341. 

Duff, Mr., of New Brunswick, 149. 

Dumont, Peter, fireworks of, 388- 
389. 

Duncan, Thomas, 271. 

Dunkley, Joseph, painter and gla- 
zier, 238. 

Dunn, Cary, silversmith, 40, 41; 
mentioned, xvii, jootnote. 

Dunn, Thomas, comb maker, 297. 

Dunscomb, Daniel, tankard stolen 
from, 57. 

Dupuy, Mrs. Ann, 41. 

Dupuy, Mrs. Ann, widow of Dr. 
John Dupuy, 54. 

Dupuy, Daniel, goldsmith in Phila- 
delphia, 41. 

Dupuy, Dr. John, widow of, 54. 

Durand, John, painter of historical 
scenes, 1-2. 

Durell, Jonathan, earthenware 
manufacturer, 84-85. 

Duryee, Abraham, 271. 



412 



INDEX 



Du Simitiere, [Pierre Eugene], 
miniature painter, 3. 

Dutch. See Holland. 

Dutchess County, N. Y., lead mine 
in, 211-212; cutler from, 312; 
stones from Hyde Park in, 186. 

Dutens, Charles, jeweller, 69-70. 

Duyckinck, , of New Jersey, 

149. 

Duyckinck, Gerardus, advertise- 
ment of, 129; deceased, 130, 349. 

Duyckinck, Gerardus, Jr., painter, 
advertisements of, 24-25, 97, 130, 
349, 354; engravings sold by, 15, 
21, 25; plan of N. Y. City adver- 
tised by, 21; store of, 25, 102, 
104, 367; house of, 43. 

Dwight, Stephen, painter and 
carver, 3, 127; of Dwight & 
Davis, carvers, 127. 

Dyer, John, advertisements of, 
221. 

Dyers, 261, 281-285; brickwork for 
dyers' kettles, 188, 191; dyeing 
furnaces, 262, 266. 

Dyes, 261, 262; indigo, 220. 

Dye-wood, engines for cutting, 
182; logwood and redwood for 
sale, 95. 

Earl, John, painter and glazier, 
349. 

Earnest Address to Such of the 
People called Quakers (1775), 
245. 

Earrings. See under Jewelry. 

Earthenware. See China and Pot- 
tery. 

Eary, Mrs., house of, 177. 

Easom, Mrs., house of, 198. 

Eastham (Fastham), Edward, inn- 
keeper, 63. 

Eastham, Mrs., 69. 

East Indies, textiles imported 
from, 264, 266. 

Easton, [James], of Pittsfield, 
joiner, 174. 

East River, 169, 318. 

Eaton, Aaron, spatterdash-maker, 
331-332. 

Edinburgh, Scotland, 193, 251. 

Edwards, , house of, 298. 

Edwards, Mrs., school of, 278. 

EgjTJtian style rooms, 180. 

Electricity, lectures on, 383, 387; 
electrical experiments, 376-377. 

Elizabethtown, N. J., 46, 61, 149, 
154, 207, 213, 245, 356. 



Elliot, William, weaver, 263. 

Elliott, John, bell-hanger, 291. 

Ellis's Dock, 62, 183. 

Ellis's Slip, 183, 231. 

Elphinstone, , penmanship 

teacher, 311; house of, 368. 

Ely, Richard, 167, 196. 

Embroidery and Needlework, pro- 
fessional embroiderers, 275, 277, 
279-281; teachers of needlework, 
275-280, 311; girls trained in, 
276-277 ; embroidered articles, 
276, 278, 279, 280, 281; Dresden 
work, 266, 275, 276, 277, 278, 
279; tambour work, 256, 279- 
281; samplers, 276, 277, 278; 
gold and silver embroidery, 277, 
279, 280, 281. 

Emeralds. See under Jewels. 

Enameled jewelry, 32, 34, 40, 70, 
150; enameled watches, 77, 162. 

Engelbert, Anthony, stone cutter, 
229. 

Engine-builders, 182, 321. 

Engines, for pumping water out of 
mines, 182, 321 ; worked by wind, 
water, or horses, 182, 321; for 
cutting dye-wood, 182; steam- 
engine for Colles's water-works, 
319. See also Fire engines. 

England, craftsmen from, 53, 68, 
114, 117, 143, 181, 184, 191, 195, 
197, 198, 200, 203, 209, 222, 223, 
224, 230, 236, 243, 249, 263, 267, 
269, 275, 284, 290, 293, 309, 315, 
335, 338, 339, 341, 343, 345; im- 
ports from, 14, 78. 97, 99, 106, 
168, 189, 264, 265, 266, 270-275, 
328, 371-372; American linen 
sent to, 268; map of, 14; styles 
of, followed in America, 193, 
356-357. See also American 
Colonies; American Revolution; 
London. 

Engravers, 8-14, 43, 71, 74, 104, 
304; tools for, 198; stone-seal en- 
gravers, 34-35, 65-66. 

Engravings, 9-12, 14-27, 132. 

Ennis, , store of, 270. 

Enslee, Daniel, butcher, slave of, 
347. 

Ent, John, clock maker, advertise- 
ment of, 145; house of, 366. 

Entertainment. See Amusements. 

Entrest, John, 321. 

Ernest, John, importer, 272. 

Ernest, Matthew, glass manufac- 
tory of, 92-93; house of, 280. 



INDEX 



413 



Erskine, Robert, manager of 
American Co.'s iron works, 207, 
208; advertisement of, 227. 

Etna Furnace, Burlington Co., N. 
J., workmen wanted for, 208. 

Ettridge, James, saddler, 331, 363. 

Evans, Elizabeth, upholsterer, 137. 

Evans, Lewis, maps of, 19-20, 21- 
22, 24; lectures by, 383. 

Evans, Samuel, bookbinder, adver- 
tisement of, 244; of Nutter & 
Evans, 246-247. 

Evans, Thomas, watch maker, ad- 
vertisement of, 146; house of, 
387 

Exchanges, N. Y. City, 17, 27, '30, 
85, 90, 95, 126, 280, 330, 385, 386, 
387. 

Eye-glasses. See Optical glasses. 

Eyre, Matthias, of Philadelphia, 
spring-maker, 164. 

Facey, John, brush-maker, 293. 

Factories, spinning and weaving, in 
N. Y. City, 249, 258, 259, 261, 
267; on Chapel St., 293; for 
linen in Boston, 258; for wool 
manufacture in Perth Amboy, 
268, 269; for wool in Delaware, 
261-262; for silk winding in 
Charleston, 252; for glue, 
needed, 303. See also Manufac- 
tures. 

Faesch, [John J.], proprietor of 
Mount Hope Iron Works, 213. 

Faircloth, Susannah, 272. 

Fans, 34, 86, 144, 265. 

Farley, Samuel, printer, 10. 

Farrant, John, 335. 

Farriery, 204. 

Farris, Robert, advertisement of, 
204. 

Fastham. Sic for Eastham, q.v. 

Feather beds. See under Beds and 
bedding. 

Fell, John, 272. 

Felt hats. See under Hats. 

Fencing masters, 299, 369. 

Fenders, 139, 194, 197, 226. 

Ferguson, Clementina, school of, 
278; mantua-maker, 327. 

Ferguson, Jane, school of, 278. 

Ferrara, Mrs., 3. 

Ferries: The Ferry, 169, 269; Long 
Island, 339; Powles Hook, 31; 
Ferry Stairs, 59, 60-61, 127, 184, 
200, 202; Whitehall Ferry Stairs. 
227; in Brooklyn, 77; at Perth 



Amboy, 237; Ferry House on 
Staten Island, 93 note. 

Field, , coach maker, 361. 

Fielding, , goldsmith, house of, 

41. 

Firearms. See Guns. 

Fire-brick, 187, 188-189, 189-190. 

Fire-clay, 189. 

Fire-engine house, Hanover 
Square, 160. 

Fire-engine maker, 300, 301. 

Fire-engines, 300-302; of N. Y. 
City, 300; imported, 300; made 
in N. Y., 300, 301 ; water supply 
for, 318-319, 320. 

Fireplaces, and fireplace equip- 
ment, 121 ; of Pennsylvania tjT)e, 
169, 170-171; chimney-backs or 
fire-backs, 101, 189, 210, 213, 214, 
220, 222, 224, 225 ; side plates for, 
189; hearth plates, 222; tiles for, 
90, 189, 224; chimneys cured of 
smoking, 187, 189, 191, 203; 
hearth brushes, 292, 293; hearth 
stones, 186, 229, 230; andirons 
(handirons), 121, 194, 195, 197, 
198, 223, 226; fire-dogs, 224, 225; 
fenders. 139, 194, 197, 226; grates, 
114, 396; pokers, 139; shovels 
and tongs, 139, 194, 195, 197, 223, 
224, 225, 226; fire-screens, 121, 
136, 276; jacks, 121, 188, 201, 203, 
204, 205; warming-pans, 194, 195. 
See also Chimney-pieces. 

Fire-prevention: iron ash pails, 
222 ; fire-resistant roof tiles, 187 ; 
lightning-conductor, 176. 

Fires, 56, 89, 111, 117, 170, 173, 214, 
318, 391 ; roof tiles for protection 
against, 187; water supply for 
extinguishing, 318-319, 320; fire- 
engines for fighting, 300-302. 

Fireworks, 388-389. 

Fish: smoked bass, 351; oysters, 
172; oyster jars, 85; oyster- 
house, 64. 

Fisher, , barber, house of, 106. 

Fisher, George, watch lost by, 153. 

Fisher, George, of Virginia, book- 
binder, 245. 

Fishery: New York Fishery Com- 
pany at Nova Scotia, 302. 

Fish hooks, 254, 257. 

Fishing cases, 243. 

Fitzgerald, Richard, brush-maker, 
292. 

Flagg & Searle, glaziers and paint- 
ers, 349. 



414 



INDEX 



Flags, hoisted as signal, 302; col- 
ors, 137, 139. 

Flanders, method of preparing flax 
in, 250. 

Flanner, John, cutler, 200. 

Flatbush, L. I., 31, 340. 

Flax, wanted, 249, 252; for sale, 
251, 258; printed account of 
method of preparing, 250; N. Y. 
law for inspection of, 250; ad- 
vertised .as inspected, 251; rais- 
ing of, encouraged, 258; heckled 
or hatcheled, 250, 251, 252; wire 
for hackle teeth for, 256; spin- 
ning of, 249, 250, 258, 259; spin- 
ning wheels for, 254, 256; swin- 
glers of, 250-251. See also Linen. 

Flax dressers, advertisements of, 
249-252; tools for, 252; flax 
swinglers, 250-251. 

Flaxseed, 105; machine for clean- 
ing, 249; linseed-oil, 129, 130, 
309, 348, 353, 354, 355; linseed 
cakes for cattle, 309. 

Fletcher, William, brush maker, 
334. 

Flood (Flud), Samuel, counter- 
feiter, arrested, 49 

Flour, 264, 265, 288; machine for 
dressing, 309; bread, biscuit, 
muffins, 264, 265, 288. 

Flour and grist mills, in N. Y., 
179, 266, 321-322; near Borden- 
town, N. J., 209; builders of, 182, 
321; millstones, 78, 190-191, 396; 
bolting cloths, 266; bolting 
house, 170; screens for millers, 
249. 

Flower garden. See Gardens. 

Flower painting, instruction in, 4. 

Flushing, L. I., 380. 

Fly, The, N. Y. City, 8, 13, 56, 62, 
95, 98, 125, 144, 158, 162, 204, 291, 
327, 364. See also Fly Market, 
under Markets. 

Foddy, James, looking-glass maker, 
130-131. 

Fogg, Thomas, manufacturer, 267. 

Food : boiled supper, 78 ; meat and 
flour taken in exchange, 264, 
265; Cheshire cheese, 106, 164; 
emoked bass, 351; oysters, 172; 
meat, 78, 223, 264, 265; flour, 264, 
265, 288; bread, biscuit, muffins, 
264, 265, 288; split pease, 315; 
vegetable seeds, 95; oatmeal, 
105; rice, 88, 269, 316; grains, 
105, 179, 183, 223; chocolate, 89, 



295, 296, 316. See also Coffee; 
Condiments; Sugar; Tea. 

Foot-stoves, 122. 

Forbes, Gilbert, cutler and iron- 
monger, 213; gim-maker, 304, 
396. 

Forest of Dean furnace, 209-210. 

Forges and Furnaces, in New York, 
44, 188, 189, 209, 209-210, 212, 
215, 217-218, 340; in Connecticut, 
189, 216, 217; in Maryland, 216; 
in New Jersey, 188, 189, 207-209, 
210-211, 212-213, 216, 217, 218- 
220; wanted in North Carolina, 
215-216; on map of Pennsyl- 
vania, 23; illustrated advertise- 
ment of, listed, 396; maker of, 
321; forge hammers and anvils, 
214, 220, 225; brickwork and 
masonry for furnaces, 187, 189, 
191; iron founders wanted, 208; 
forgemen from Shefiield, 209. 

Forrest, John, tailor, 275-276. 

Fort George, N. Y. City, 17, 38, 
50, 81, 120, 198, 264, 324, 374; 
bell of, 191; garden of, 298. 

Fort Niagara, map and plan of, 
9-10. 

Foster, James, boat exhibited by, 
388. 

Foster, Marmaduke, cleaner and 
dyer, 281-282. 

Foster, Samuel, cleaner and dyer, 
281-282; house of, 308. 

Founders' wares, 194, 202. 

Foundries. See Forges and Fur- 
naces. 

Fourdet, Samuel, 272. 

Fowler, Theodosius, upholsterer, 
137. 

Frames, carved and gilded, 127, 

128, 129; for mirrors, 127, 128, 

129, 130, 132, 139; for pictures, 5, 
7, 110, 117, 121, 127, 128, 129, 

130, 132; colored to harmonize 
with fiu-niture, 132. 

France, jeweler from, 33; business 
man from, 79; silk worm experts 
from, 252, 253; a French doctor, 
106; schoolmistress educated in, 
311; French jewelry, 70-71; 
French watches, 156; French 
horns, 204, 369; French mill- 
stones, 190, 396; teachers of 
French language, 48, 69, 279, 311, 
368 note; French style, 134, 136, 
137, 276, 323, 326, 332; Paris, 6, 
326, 391 ; Rochelle. 79. 



INDEX 



416 



Francis, Basil, watch maker, 146- 
147. 

Francis (Fraunces), Samuel, tavern 
keeper, 176; advertisements of, 
390-391, 391-392. 

Franklin, Benjamin, house of, 
broken open, 242; wax portrait 
of, 393. 

Franklin, James, store of, 123. 

Franklin, Thomas, store of, 123. 

Franklin, Walter, & Co., importers, 
189, 272. 

Franks, Jacob, merchant, silver 
stolen from, 51; advertisement 
of, 220; mentioned, 48, 103. 

Fraunces, Samuel. See Francis. 

Freehold, N. J., school at, 311-312. 

Freeman, Isaac, of Woodbridge, 
259. 

Freeman's New-York Almanack 
for 1770, 250. 

Freemasons, silver emblems stolen 
from Lodge of, 74; jewels for, 37, 
150; articles advertised "for the 
Craft," 150. 

Free-Mason's Arms Tavern, 176. 

French. See under France. 

French and Indian War, maps of 
engagements in, 9-10, 21-22, 22- 
23, 24; journal and maps of of- 
ficer in, 25. 

French Church, N. Y. City, 8, 62, 
350. 

Fruit, artificial, 305. 

Fruit trees, 172, 178. 

Fueter, Daniel, silversmith and 
jeweller, 41-43; father of Lewis, 
43. 

Fueter, Lewis, silversmith, 43-44; 
son of Daniel, 43; mentioned, 8. 

Fuller, James, 372-373. 

Fullers' equipment, 101, 202, 214, 
293. 

Fulling-mills, 261, 262, 266, 269; 
maker of, 321. 

Funeral director, 142. 

Funerals, black tassels for palls, 
136; shrouds, 142; gloves for, 
331. See also Cemeteries; 
Mourning. 

Furniture, advertised for sale, 109, 
110, 112-116, 119, 120, 124, 136, 
139, 350; to be auctioned, 79, 
101, 106, 120-126; brass handles 
and escutcheons for, 122, 129, 
199, 223; locks for, 223; needle- 
work for, 278; upholstered, 134- 
139, 142; frames colored to har- 



monize with, 132; insecticides 
for, 138, 306, 354-355 ; bookcases, 
110, 116, 119, 124, 126, 132, 136, 
223; chairs, 109, 110, 113, 115, 
116, 119, 121-128, 139, 142; Wind- 
sor chairs, 110, 112-114, 123, 125; 
chests of drawers, 110, 116, 119, 
122, 125, 126, 136; chests-on- 
chesfcs, 116, 119, 124; clothes- 
presses, 116, 124, 136; couches, 
134, 136, 137, 138; desks, 109, 
110, 116, 119, 122, 124-126, 136, 
223; settees, 123, 134, 136, 137, 
138; sofas, 134, 136, 137, 139, 142; 
tables, 109, 110, 119, 121-128, 136; 
marble for tables, 125, 228; card 
tables, 116, 119, 125, 126, 136, 139. 
See also Beds and Bedding. 

Furniture carvers, 3, 124, 127. 

Furniture makers (cabinetmakers), 
advertisements of, 109-119, 124, 
128-129, 135, 139-140, 395; tools 
for, 198, 199; advertisements of 
chair makers, 110, 111, 113, 115, 
119, 124; illustrated advertise- 
ments of chair makers listed, 
395; chair makers mentioned, 
112, 117, 118, 354; Windsor chair 
makers, 110, 112, 115, 395; up- 
holsterers, 134-142. See also 
Joiners. 

Furriers, 104, 111, 324, 328-329, 396. 

Furs, kinds of, 328, 330; from 
Canada, 332; articles made of, 
324, 328, 330, 333, 342, 347. See 
also Beaver hats under Hats. 

Gage, Thomas, General, house of, 
279, 297. 

Gaine, Hugh, printer, maps adver- 
tised by, 25, 26, 26-27 ; paper mill 
of, 233-234; printing office of, 
204; cosmetics sold by, 298; re- 
wards offered by, as printer of 
N. Y. Gazette and Mercury, 62, 
78, 80, 82; letter to, as printer, 
310; mentioned, 11, 15, 16, 119, 
156, 179, 225, 238. 

Gale, William, advertisement of, 
199; mentioned, 202. 

Galer, Adam, chair-maker, adver- 
tisement of, 112; illustrated ad- 
vertisement of, listed, 395. 

Gallaudet, Elisha, engraver, 12. 

Games, equipment for: backgam- 
mon, 117, 307; billiard balls, 117, 
307; billiard tables, 125; card 
tables, 116, 119, 125, 126, 136, 



416 



INDEX 



139; playing-cards, 315; chess 
men, 117; dice and dice boxes, 
117, 307; toys, 68, 103, 117. See 
also Amusements. 

Gant, , of Oyster Bay, dyer, 

284. 

Gardeners, 132, 302-303; landscape 
gardeners, 180, 302; tools for, 
199, 222, 223. 

Gardens, 178, 179, 298 ; planning of, 
180, 302; furniture and build- 
ings for, 113, 114, 180; pottery 
ornaments for, 84; stone rollers 
for, 186; seeds, 95, 105, 132; 
greenhouses, 180-181, 302. 

Garrick, David, wax portrait of, by 
Mrs. Wright, 393. 

Garrison, Lambert, former shop of, 
88; fire in house of, 89. 

Garrison, [Nicholas], captain of 
scow Irene, 41, 198. 

Gault, , of Campbell & Gault, 

197, 271. 

Gautier (Gauteir), Andrew, Alder- 
man, houses of, 97, 281; chairs 
sold by, 112-113, 395; deposition 
sworn before, 118. 

Gazley, Martha, 275. 

Geddes, Charles, watch maker, 
147. 

Geneva, Switzerland, 43. 

Genter, John, brazier, 194. 

George III, Statue of, in N. Y. 
City, 196; wax effigy of, 391-392. 

George. Mrs., house of, 369. 

Georgia, 287. 

German flutes, 37, 117, 307, 365, 
367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373. 

Germans. See Germany. 

Germantown, Braintree, Mass., 93. 

Germany, craftsmen from. 13, 55, 
84, 93. 204, 252, 305-306, 312, 314, 
321, 367; servants from, 93, 244, 
350; imports from, 167, 200, 267, 
268; musicians trained in, 371; 
Prussian blacking ball, 294; 
Prussian china, 297; King of 
Prussia, 289. 

Getfield, Benjamin, breeches-mak- 
er, 58, 137. 

Gherarde, M., dancing master, 6. 

Gibbon, Mrs. Maria, school of, 311. 

Gibbons, John, carver, 128. 

Gibert (Gilbert), John Lewis, silk 
manufacturer in S. C. directed 
by, 252-253. 

Gifford, Capt., 188. 

Gilbert, , silversmith, 44. 



Gilbert, John Lewis. Sic for Gib- 
ert, q.v. 

Gilders, 7, 110, 126-127, 128, 130, 
348, 349, 350; apprentice, 132- 
133. 

Gilding, 41, 42, 43, 110, 127, 129, 
130, 132, 144, 160, 357, 358; of 
books, 243, 244, 245, 246. 

Gillam, William, blacksmith, 335. 

Gilliland, James, advertisement of, 
89. 

Gilliland, William, store of, 349, 
357. 

Gladman & Williams, of London, 
clockmakers, 147-148. 

Glass, painting on, 130, 275, 349; 
glassware advertised, 88-99, 105, 
121, 122, 297, 355; window glass, 
21, 95, 97, 130, 348, 349-355; for 
frames, carriages, etc., 5, 7, 132, 
351, 361; for lamps and lanterns, 

95, 96-97, 352, 353 ; watch glasses 
or crystals, 34, 144, 159, 161, 199, 
223; cut glass, 88, 98, 99; flint 
glass, 94, 95, 99; flowered, 97, 98; 
American glass advertised, 94, 95, 

96, 355; inqported, 96, 97-99, 355; 
menders of broken, 86; broken 
glass wanted, 94, 95, 99, 105. See 
also Mirrors; Optical glasses. 

Glass cutter and flowerer, wanted, 
94-95. 

Glassworks, Glass-house Company, 
93-94; new glass-house in N. Y., 
94; Newfoundland Glass-house, 
N. Y., 92-93, 139; at New Wind- 
sor, N. Y., 92, 105 ; at Braintree, 
Mass., 93; Stiegel's, Manheim, 
Pa., 94; Wistar's, Philadelphia, 
Pa., 95-96; masonry for glass 
furnaces, 191. 

Glazed tiles, 186, 191. 

Glaziers, advertisements of, 130, 
348-352; mentioned, 238; tools 
and supplies for, 348, 351, 352, 
353. 

Glazing, of woolen goods, 284; not 
harmed by cleaning fluid, 305. 

Glover, John, carpenter, 192-193. 

Glovers, shears for, 201. 

Gloves, 31. 66, 122, 253, 275, 326, 
331, 332; glove sticks, 117; 
mourning gloves, 331. 

Glue, imported, 199; glue factory, 
for sale, 104; encouragement for 
establishing a glue factory, 
303. 

Goddard, Nicholas, tinman, 205. 



INDEX 



417 



Goddard, William, of Philadelphia, 
printer, 145. 

Godfrey, [Thomas], quadrant of, 
131. 

Goelet, Francis, snuff mills of, at 
New Rochelle, 172. 

Goelet, Isaac, ironmonger, adver- 
tisement of, 204-205. 

Goelet, Peter, advertisements of, 
223-224, 373 ; store of, mentioned, 
16, 132. 

Goelet, Raphael, 352-353. 

Gold, engraving on, 9, 13, 104; re- 
fining of, 41, 42, 43, 314; gold 
ware repaired, 61, 67; gold dust, 
130; gold leaf, 5, 130, 350, 354; 
gold-cased watches, 150, 162 ; old, 
wanted, 36, 41, 42, 58, 61, 65, 68, 
72, 149, 199. See also Jewelry. 

Gold embroidery, 277, 279, 280. 

Golden Hill. See under Topo- 
graphical features. 

Gold lace (ornamental braid), 41, 
120, 149, 269, 276, 327; cleaners 
of, 277, 279, 281, 306. 

Goldsmiths, advertisements of, 30, 
32-35, 37, 40-44, 46-47, 50-55, 58, 
59, 61-64, 67-68, 88, 144, 153; 
mark of, in ring, 62; approached 
by counterfeiters, 49 ; tooth pow- 
der sold by, 59; bellows for, 202; 
tools for, 223; mentioned, 41, 48, 
50, 51, 52, 62, 63, 64. 

Gomez, Daniel, importer, 106. 

Gomez, Isaac, importer, 106. 

Gomez, Lewis, 186. 

Gordon, James Samuel, indentured 
jeweller, 52. 

Gordon, Peter, 272. 

Gordon, Thomas, watch maker, 
148. 

Gothic style, 110, 180. 

Gould, Robert, of Boston, 184. 

Gouverneur, , storehouse of, 

263. 

Gouverneur, Nicholas, 210. 

Gouverneur, Samuel, of Newark, 
210. 

Governor's Island, N. Y. Harbor, 
26. 

Grace, Robert, fire-places made by, 
170-171. 

Graham, Ennis, silver stolen from, 
80; house of, 140; importer, 272. 

Graham, George, of London, clock 
maker, deceased, 147. 

Graham, John, 112. 

Graham, John, tinman, 205. 



Grains, 105, 179, 183, 223, 309; rice, 
88, 269, 316. See also Flour and 
grist mills. 

Grant, Alan, flax-dresser, 251-252. 

Grant, William, stone cutter, 229, 
230. 

Gravestones, 186, 228, 229, 230. 

Gray, Adam, 336. 

Gray, Mrs. Mary, 275. 

Great Barrington, Mass., Christ 
Church in, described, 174. 

Great Britain. See England; Ire- 
land; London; Scotland. 

Great Nine Partners, Dutchess Co., 
N. Y., 312. 

Green, William, bookseller, book- 
binder, and publisher, 242, 245. 

Greenhouses, 180-181, 302. 

Greenwood, , astronomical lec- 
tures given in Boston by, 374. 

Greg. See Grigg. 

Greswold (Griswold), Joseph, dis- 
tiller, 299. 

Gridley, Richard, plan of Louis- 
bourg by, 19. 

Grigg (Greg, Griggs), Thomas, 
joiner, advertisements of, 113, 
113-114; house of, 66, 67, 72. 

Grigg (Griggs), Thomas, Jr., chair 
maker, 113. 

Grinding, of instruments and tools, 
198-199, 200, 201, 202. 

Grindstones, 78, 106. 

Grist mills. See Flour and grist 
mills. 

Griswold, , house of, 390. 

Griswold (Greswold), Joseph, dis- 
tiller, 299. 

Grocer, 303. 

Groesbeck, Mrs., house of, 198. 

Groves & Stonehouse, advertise- 
ment of, 89. 

Gueubel, Sebastian, painter, 350. 

Gullifer, Charles, cabinetmaker, 
114. 

Gumersall, Thomas, 272. 

Gun, William, of Dublin, Ireland, 
304. 

Gunflint-cutter, in Ireland, 303- 
304; flints, 35. 

Guns, 82, 304; repairing of, 165; 
cleaning of, 201 ; metal-work for, 
197, 223, 304; fowling pieces, 66, 
223, 304; pistols, 66, 82, 223, 304; 
"Tower" guns, 304; brushes, 
pickers and worms for, 254, 256, 
257; bayonets, 304; lead bullets, 
101. See also Ordnance. 



418 



INDEX 



Gunsmiths, 41, 147, 197, 237, 304, 
345, 386, 396; tools for, 223. 

Gunter's scales, 307. 

Guyon, Nicholas, advertisement of, 
79. 

Gyselbrecht, G., surgeon, 308-309. 

Haberdasher, 39 note; haberdash- 
er's shop, 331 ; haberdashery, 264. 

Hackettstown, N. J., 149. 

Hadden, Joseph, of Newark, nail- 
maker, 206. 

Haddock & Browne, 155. 

Hadley's quadrants, 307. 

Haines (Haynes), , new build- 
ings of, 311, 353, 380. 

Hairdressers, 297, 325, 326-327, 332, 
334, 396. See also Barbers. 

Hairdressing, style of, 330-331, 332; 
source of hair for, 330-331 ; curl- 
ing irons, 195; hairpins, 68, 256; 
ornaments for the hair, 68, 71, 
74, 150; tortoise-shell combs, 68, 
199, 297; pomades and powder, 
296, 326, 327, 332. See also Wigs. 

Hair work (in rings and lockets), 
32, 40, 62, 68, 73, 74. 

Halden, John, brazier, 194. 

Haldimand, Gen. Frederick, 6. 

Hale, Samuel, potter, of Philadel- 
phia, 85. 

Halifax, Nova Scotia, maps of, 24; 
New Yorkers in, 302. 

Hallam, Lewis, the elder, actor, 
286. 

Hallam, Lewis, the younger, actor, 
287. 

Hallet (Hallett), James, wheel- 
wright, 320, 359, 361. 

Hallet, Joseph, tools sold by, 222- 
223. 

Hallett & Hazard, importers, 272. 

Halsted, , goldsmith, partner 

of Myers, 53. 

Halsted, , saddler, partner of 

Thompson, 363-364. 

Halsted, Benjamin, silversmith, 
Bowne's warning against, 45 ; de- 
fense of, 45-46; partner of Mat- 
thias Halsted at Elizabeth, N. J., 
46-47. 

Halsted, Matthias, silversmith, 
partner of Benjamin Halsted at 
Elizabeth, N. J., 46-47. 

Halsted & Thompson, saddlers, 
363-364. 

Ham, James, instrument maker, 
307. 



Hambelton, Charles, silversmith, 
47. 

Hamburg, Germany, 267. 

Hamilton, , silversmith, 47. 

Hamilton, [Andrew], printed Re- 
marks on the arguments of, in 
Zenger's trial, 241. 

Hammersley, Andrew, house of, 
280. 

Hammersley, Thomas, goldsmith, 
48; negroes of, 48; shop of, 165, 
267. 

Hampton, Jonathan, advertisement 
of, 114, 396. 

Hancock, John, engraving of, 16. 

Handkerchiefs, 264, 265, 266, 267, 
323, 336. 

Hanover Square. See under Streets 
and Squares. 

Hardcastle, Henry, carver, appren- 
tices of, 127. 

Hardenbrook, Theophilus, surveyor 
and architect, 180-181; inspector 
of timber, 184; lumber yard of, 
185. 

Hardenbrook & Dominick, lumber 
yard of, 185. 

Hardware, 66, 71, 194, 195, 199, 200, 
205, 224, 225; hinges, 223, 224, 
225; locks, 122, 198, 199, 201, 203, 
205, 223, 224, 225; nails, 206, 207, 
220, 223, 224, 265, 363. 

Harness, 29, 37, 82, 317, 332, 356, 
357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 363, 364. 
See also Saddles. 

Harness makers, advertisements of, 
356-357, 358, 360, 363. 

Harrison, George, house of, 51. 

Harrison, [John], principles of 
time-keeper of, 166-167. 

Harrison, Thomas, organist, 372. 

Hart, Henry, jeweller, 70. 

Hartford, Conn., 217, 356. 

Hartley, Robert, stone cutter, 230. 

Hass, John, stone cutter, 230-231. 

Hastier (Heistier), John, gold- 
smith, house of, 48; advertise- 
ments of, 48-49, 50; counterfeit- 
ers arrested through information 
of, 49. 

Hat-boxes, 279. 

Hatters, 104, 145, 292, 295; adver- 
tisements of, 330, 332-333, 396; 
tools and equipment for, 188, 
200, 214, 238, 292. 

Hats, 266, 323, 325, 330, 332, 333; 
brushes for, 292, 293; buckles 
for, 154; mourning bands on, 



INDEX 



419 



267, 330; silver lace (braid) for, 
265; gold lace on, 327; rain and 
sweat proof, 333; beaver (castor), 
66, 330, 333, 337, 340, 341, 342, 
343, 344, 345, 346, 347; felt, 266, 
323, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 
345, 346, 347; caps, 142, 256, 264, 
265, 266, 278, 323, 325, 329, 337, 
339. 

Hawxhurst, William, iron works 
of, 210,215,217-218, 396; anchors 
supplied by, 218; partnership of, 
dissolved, 217-218. 

Hay, Sarah, school of, 279. 

Hay Scales, near Cowfoot Hill, 
297. 

Haydock, John, painter, shop of, 
291; servant of, 350. 

Haynes (Haines), , new build- 
ings of, 311, 353, 380. 

Haynes, Joseph, deceased, furni- 
ture of, 125. 

Hays, John, 376. 

Hays (Hayes), Judah, merchant, 
silver stolen from, 51-52; servant 
of, 344. 

Hays, Moses M., 54. 

Hays, Mrs. Rebecca, silver stolen 
from, 54. 

Hazard, , of Hallett & Hazard, 

importers, 272. 

Hazard, Nathaniel, importer, 272; 
servant of, 335. 

Hazard, Samuel, importer, 272. 

Heap, George, view of Philadel- 
phia by, 20-21, 22. 

Heard, Nathaniel, of Woodbridge, 
259. 

Hearth stones, 186, 229, 230; 
hearth brushes, 292, 293; hearth 
tiles, 90, 224; hearth plates, 222. 
See also Fireplaces. 

Heath, John, goldsmith, 50. 

Heating, in theatre, 122; sug- 
gested, for churches, 175; for 
greenhouses, 180-181 ; foot-stoves, 
122; warming pans, 194, 195. See 
also Fireplaces; Stoves. 

Hemp, 211. 

Hempstead, L. I., 336, 337, 346, 
380. 

Hempstead Harbour, L. I., paper 
mill at, 233-234. 

Henderson, , ship captain, 

129. 

Hendricks, Peter, carpenter, 192. 

Hendrickson, Daniel, tile maker, 
187. 



Henry, Stephen, of Trenton, silver- 
ware of, 81. 

Heraldic arms. See Coata of arms. 

Heron, Isaac, watch maker, adver- 
tisements of, 148-152; shop of, 
43. 

Hett, Rene, house of, 143. 

Heurtin (Hurtin), William, watch- 
maker and silversmith, 152-153. 

Hewit, Capt., house of, 380. 

Heyer, Frederick, organ builder, 
365. 

Heyer, William, 295. 

Heysham, Capt., house of, 275. 

Hibernia Furnace, Morris Co., 
N. J., 210-211. 

Hibernia iron mine, 208. 

Hickey, John, dyer, 282. 

Hicks, Edward, merchant, house 
of, 186. 

Hicks, John, of Mills, Hicks & 
Howe, printers and stationers, 
242-243. 

Hicks, George, street-paver, 186. 

Hicks, Whitehead, Mayor, 289. 

Hildreth, Joseph, clerk of Trinity 
Church and teacher, 170. 

Hill, Arthur, ship captain, 66. 

Hill, Robert, brick-maker, 335. 

Hill, William, 147. 

Hillsboro, S. C, silk culture in, 252. 

Hinshaw, John, bookbinder, 245. 

Hinton, William, instrument maker, 
307-308. 

Hitchcock, harpsichord made by, 
373. 

Hitchcock, Stephen, tobacconist, 
318; water supply arranged by, 
319. 

Hodge, Robert, of Hodge & Sho- 
ber, printers, 242. 

Hodge & Shober, printers, 242. 

Hoff, Joseph, manager of Hibernia 
ironworks, 211. 

Hoffman, , of Breese & Hoff- 
man, china importer, 88. 

Hoffman, , of Ludlow & Hoff- 
man, 223. 

Hoffman, John, cabinetmaker, de- 
ceased, 114. 

Hoffman, Nicholas, merchant, 216; 
iron sold by, 213. 

Hogg, Widow, house of, 324, 325. 

Holland, Henry, house of, 4, 328. 

Holland, Samuel, map drawn by, 
24. 

Holland, 84, 93, 267; Amsterdam, 
96; Dutch-speaking broker, 79; 



420 



INDEX 



Dutch-speaking servant, 335 ; ar- 
ticles described as "Dutch" or 
-'Holland": 84, 103, 177, 213, 220, 
224, 226, 265, 310, 323. 

Holmes, Joseph, 46. 

Holt, John, printer, 11, 238; 
printer of N. Y. Journal, map 
sold by, 26; reward offered by, 
82; potter wanted by, 85; stolen 
pewter held by, 108. 

Homespun, linen, 257, 259, 260, 

262, 277; woolen, 259, 260, 262; 
servants' wearing apparel made 
of, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 
341, 342, 343, 346, 347. 

Hone, Philip, lumber sold by, 185. 

Hopkins, Mr., pilot, house of, 
65. 

Home, Robert, maker of musical 
instruments, 365-366. 

Horner, , cabinetmaker, 114. 

Horsehair, 293. 

Horse Neck (now Lloyds Neck), 
L. I., 30. 

Horse races, prizes for, 76, 81. 

Horses for sale, 125, 361; brushes 
for, 292, 293; nets for, 308; en- 
gravings of, 14; engines worked 
by, 182, 321. See aho Harness; 
Saddles; Stables; Whips. 

Horse shoeing, 204. 

Horsmanden, [Daniel], Judge, 
house of, 207. 

Hospitals, source of hair, 331. 

Houbraken, [Jacobus], engravings 
by, 15. 

Hough, William, bookbinder, 245. 

House, William, card-maker, 254. 

House carpenters. See Carpenters. 

House carvers. See Carvers. 

Household manufactures: spinning 
and weaving, 257, 259, 260, 262, 

263, 276-277; knitting of stock- 
ings, 260. 

House painters, 348, 349, 350-351. 

Houses, advertised for sale, 50, 54- 
55, 57-58, 61-62, 112, 114, 122, 
170, 172-173, 174, 176-177, 351; 
to let, 59, 165, 169, 171, 175, 176- 
177; earthenware urns for tops 
of, 84. See also Builders; Inte- 
rior Decoration. 

Houseworth, Michael, 238, 279. 

Howard, Shefield, 266. 

Howe, , of Mills, Hicks & 

Howe, printers and stationers, 
242-243. 

Howey, John, joiner, 336. 



Hubbell, Isaac, cabinetmaker, part- 
nership of, dissolved, 115. 
Hubbs, Catherine, house of, 64. 
Hudson Bay quills, 246. 
Hudson Highlands, 209, 210. 
Hudson River (North River), 59, 

70, 169, 171, 173, 182, 183, 184, 

185, 186, 187, 190, 209, 318, 321; 

North River lime, 188. 
Hughes, Hugh, tanner, 317. 
Hulet, William Charles, dancing 

master and music teacher, 368, 

369. 
Hulick, Peter, stay-maker, 396. 
Hull, Robert, tavern of, 13, 112, 

155, 289, 304. 
Humble, John, painter and glazier, 

350, 353. 
Hungerford, Mrs. Samuel, of New 

Fairfield, yarn spun by, 263. 
Hunt, Davis, fire-engine maker, 

300, 301. 
Hunt, John, 273. 

Hunt, Ward, joiner, house of, 56. 
Hunt, William, mason, 191. 
Hunt & Chew, of Oyster Bay, 

dyers, 284. 
Hunterdon, Samuel, quarrier, 230. 
Hunterdon County, N. J., Union 

Iron Works in, 219. 
Hunter's Key (Rotten Row). See 

under Docks, Piers, and Slips. 
Huntington, L. I., 346. 
Hurtin (Heurtin), William, watch- 
maker and silversmith, 152-153. 
Huthwaite, James, upholsterer, 137- 

138 
Hutt, John, engraver, 12-13, 28. 
Hyde Park, N. Y., stones from, 

186. 

Hyer, , house of, 115. 

Hyer. See Heyer. 

Hymes, Henry, entertainer, 288- 

289. 
Hymns: Watts's Divine Songs . . . 

jor the Use of Children, 371; 

psalmody taught, 370. 
Hyslop, Robert, 273. 

Inch, John, of Maryland, servant 
of, 71. 

Indentured servants. See Servants. 

India: china, 88; chintz, 136; pat- 
terns in paper hangings, 316. 

Indian jewels, 66. 

Indian Nations, History of Five, 
advertised, 16-17. 

Indians, maps of territory of, 17, 



INDEX 



421 



19, 21-22; Colden's History of, 
16-17; Creek, 287; maps of en- 
gagements in French and Indian 
War, 9-10, 21-22, 22-23, 25. 

Indigo, 220. 

Ink, 243, 246, 247, 247-248; India, 
127; ink powder, 248; ink bot- 
tles, 95, 98, 99; inkstands, 100, 
103, 226; quills, 226, 246, 247, 
310. 

Inns. See Taverns. 

Insecticides, for furniture, 138, 306, 
354-355. 

Inspection laws, 184, 250. 

Instrument makers, 131-132, 306- 
308. 

Instruments, astronomical, mathe- 
matical and navigating, 131, 306, 
307; surgical, 198, 200, 201, 202, 
203, 205, 316; surveying, 131, 154, 
307; microscopes, 96; spy-glasses, 
96; telescopes, 97, 307. See also 
Tools. 

Insurance, 159, 359. 

Insurance Office, 305. 

Intaglio, 160. 

Interior decorator, 180. 

Interior decorations, carved mould- 
ings, 110; carved cornices, 128; 
wainscotting, 177; gilt bordering 
for rooms, 132; decorations for 
ceilings, 123, 127, 128; frames 
colored to harmonize with fur- 
niture, 132; styles of, 180. See 
also Carpets; Furniture; Mir- 
rors; Pictures; Wall hangings; 
Window curtains. 

Ireland, craftsmen from, 188, 244, 
251, 256, 282, 284, 297, 302-303, 
327, 330, 336, 357 ; servants from, 
107, 323, 336, 338, 339, 340, 341, 
342, 346; soldier from, 115; gun- 
flint cutter in, 303-304 ; American 
manufacture equal to imports 
from, 213; music of, 371; Irish 
linen, 265, 268, 270, 273; Irish 
marble, 189, 229; Irish snuff, 
321. 

Iron, pamphlet on Schetne . . . to 
Encourage . . . Manufacturing, 
211; decrease in imports because 
of American manufacture of, 
224; engraving on, 104; andirons 
of, 121, 197, 226; chimney-backs 
of, 101, 189, 210, 213, 214, 220, 
222, 224, 225 ; pots and kettles of, 
101, 213, 214, 220, 222, 223, 224, 
225, 226-227, 298; safe or chest 



of, 224-225; cannon and hollow 
ware, 215-216; other articles 
made of, 121, 198, 200, 201, 203, 

213, 220, 222, 223, 224, 226, 254, 
256, 257; for vehicles, 210, 213, 

214, 220, 222, 223, 224, 358; iron- 
mongery, 71, 213, 220, 223, 224, 
225, 265; iron lantern on Sandy 
Hook Lighthouse, 174. See also 
Forges and Furnaces; Nails; 
Steel. 

Iron mines, 208, 210, 211. 

Ironmongers, advertisements of, 
204-205, 220-227. 

Ironwork, scrollwork, 205 ; on spire 
of First Presbyterian Church, 
171. 

Iron-Works. See Forges and Fur- 
naces. 

Israel, Samuel, house of, 314. 

Italy, musician from, 368; music 
from, 371; language of, taught, 
368 note; Italian style rooms, 
designed, 180; Italian marble, 
189, 228, 229; Italian cosmetic 
paste, 298. 

Ivory, 31, 36, 37, 53, 104, 117, 195, 
199, 222, 226, 297, 307. 

Jack-makers, 203-204. 

Jacks, 121, 201, 203, 205; air-jacks, 
203; smoke-jacks, 188, 204. 

Jackson, Thomas, saddler, 364. 

Jacobson, [Christian], ship cap- 
tain, 77, 144. 

Jamaica, L. I., 61, 76, 269, 379-380. 

Jamaica, West Indies, 123, 126, 
296. 

James, Major [Thomas], house of, 
86, 178. 

Jamison, , house of, 298. 

Japanners, 204, 349, 358 ; prints for, 
24, 130; supplies etc. for, 25, 130, 
354. 

Japanning: japanned articles, 80, 
82, 103. 195, 226, 307; clock cases, 
77, 155, 156, 265; frames, 129, 
130; tinware, 204; Japan-work, 
305; furniture varnished in Ja- 
pan taste, 350; lacquering, 349. 

Jarvis, Arthur, glass and china 
store of, 89, 95, 98 ; house of, 137. 

Jarvis (Jervis), Benjamin, hatter, 
96-97. 

Jarvis, James, glass and china store 
of, 89, 95, 98; house of, 137. 

Jarvis, James, hatter, 295. 

Jasper, William, cutler, 200. 



422 



INDEX 



Jefferys, Samuel, of Philadelphia, 
watch maker, 153. 

Jefferys, Thomas, map engraved 
by, 25. 

Jelf, Joseph, merchant, of Eliza- 
bethtown, N. J., 46. 

Jenain, Henry, goldsmith, 50. 

Jenkins, Thomas, 343. 

Jennings, Jacob, goldsmith, of 
Norwalk, Conn., 50. 

Jerusalem, model of, exhibited, 
387-388. 

Jervis (Jarvis), Benjamin, hatter, 
96-97. 

Jewellers, advertisements of, 30, 
32-37, 39-43, 53, 58, 64-74, 88, 
144; mentioned, 52, 63, 66, 69, 
71; lapidaries, 34, 65, 66-69, 78. 

Jewelry, advertised for sale, 30, 32, 
34, 36-37, 39, 40, 42, 53, 59, 60, 
66. 67-70, 77, 79, 135, 150, 200; 
imported, 36, 37, 41-42, 72, 77, 
82; stolen, 39, 50, 55, 62, 154; 
repairing of, 61, 65, 67, 72, 73; 
intaglio, 160; coral, 37, 77, 154; 
Masonic jewels, 37, 150; enam- 
eled, 32, 34, 40, 70, 150; enam- 
eled watches, 77, 162; bracelets, 
6, 65, 68, 70; earrings, 30, 32, 33, 
36, 37, 42, 53, 59, 68, 69, 70, 150, 
154; lockets, 30, 32, 34, 39, 40, 
60, 65, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 77, 150; 
mourning lockets, 40; necklaces, 
32, 34, 36, 37, 68, 70; rings, 6, 30, 
32, 37, 40, 53, 54, 55, 57, 59, 60, 
62, 65, 68-71, 73, 77, 78, 79, 154; 
mourning rings, 32, 34, 37, 40, 
64, 68, 69, 70, 72, 78; seals, 30, 

32, 33, 35, 37, 68-71, 77, 79, 80, 
82, 144, 149, 150, 154, 157-160, 
163, 199, 223 ; sleeve-buttons, 32, 

33, 34, 50, 68, 70, 77, 79, 82, 154, 
195. See also Buckles; Buttons; 
Watches. 

Jewels (precious and semi-precious 
stones), 30, 32-34, 36, 37, 39, 42, 
53, 55, 59, 62, 65, 66, 68-72, 74, 
77, 80, 154; from New England, 
78; kinds of settings for, 42, 55, 
62; amethysts, 34, 70, 78; dia- 
monds, 30, 32, 34, 37, 42, 53, 55, 
59, 62, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74, 77; 
emeralds, 30, 34, 39, 42, 55, 69, 
70, 71 ; garnets, 34, 36, 37, 53, 55, 
68, 70, 71, 77, 78, 154; pearls, 
39; sapphires, 30, 34, 42, 69, 70, 
71; topazes, 42, 55, 70, 78; Egyp- 
tian pebbles, 35; Scotch pebble, 



80; Mocha stone (moco), 40, 55, 
60, 71, 77; paste, 34, 36, 37, 42, 
68, 70, 71, 150, 154, 161. 

Johnson, , of Philadelphia, 

coach maker, 362. 

Johnson, John, whip maker, for- 
mer partner of Amory, 321. 

Johnson, Joseph, bookbinder, 245. 

Johnson [Johnston], Samuel, Iron 
Works of, [Warren Co.], N. J., 
219. 

Johnson, William, lectures by, 387. 

Johnson, Sir William, 9. 

Johnston, , carpenter, 127. 

Johnston, Charles, house of, 135. 

Johnston, Robert, peruke-maker, 
325. 

Johnston, Samuel. See Johnson. 

Joiners, 56, 109, 111, 112, 116, 143, 
336, 368; advertisements of, 113, 
115-116, 119, 182, 192, 193; ship- 
joiners, 193, 337. See also Cab- 
inetmakers; Carpenters; Carv- 
ers. 

Joline, [Andrew], of Elizabeth- 
town, 61. 

Jones, , fruit and flower pieces 

by, 7. 

Jones, Francis, 337. 

Jones, Hemy, cutler, of London, 
198. 

Jones, Isabella, school of, 277-278. 

Jones, John, 176. 

Jones, John, house of, 246. 

Jones, John, stay-maker, 334. 

Jones, John, of Elizabethtown, 
bookbinder, 245-246. 

Jones, Thomas, cabinetmaker, de- 
serted, 115. 

Journeymen, wanted, 147, 152, 207, 
235, 244, 258, 260, 334. 

Judah, , silversmith, 44. 

Juncken, John Ernst, of Philadel- 
phia, advertisement of, 254. 



Karby, Peter, pewterer, 102. 

Kean, [Thomas], actor, 286. 

Keating, John, paper manufac- 
turer, 234-236. 

Keechemet's mead house, 84. 

Keeling & Morris, china, earthen- 
ware and glass sold by, 90. 

Kelly, David, apprentice, 346. 

Kelly, William, house of, 126. 

Kelly & Culver, wool manufactory 
of, 261. 

Kelso, John, chair-maker, adver- 



INDEX 



423 



tisement of, 115; illustrated ad- 
vertisement of, listed, 395. 

Kemble, Capt., of ship Beaver, 
270. 

Kempe, John Tabor, silver stolen 
from, 75-76. 

Kempton, Samuel, tinman, 205. 

Kennebec River, 23. 

Keteltas, , clerk of Insurance 

Office, 305. 

Kilbourn, , of Litchfield, 

Conn., master workman, 174. 

Kilburn (Killbrun), Judith, 5. 

Kilburn (Kilbrunn, Killbrun), 
Lawrence, portrait painter, 3-5; 
going to Albany, 4; paint store 
of, 5, 355; deceased, 5-6. 

Kilkenny, Ireland, bricklayer from, 
188; marble from, 189. 

Killingworth, Conn., 69. 

Killman, Nicholas, house of, 186. 

Kingsbridge, 347. 

Kinney, Mr., of Morristown, 149. 

Kip, Richard, apprentice of, 344. 

Kippen, Mrs. Mary, house of, 162. 

Kirbv (Karby), Peter, pewterer, 
102. 

Kirby, William, pewterer, 102-103. 

Kissick, Philip, wine merchant, 
370. 

Kitchen utensils, 79, 121, 122, 123, 
125, 126, 139, 194, 195, 197, 199, 
203, 204, 213, 214, 220, 221, 222, 
223, 224, 225, 226-227, 294. 

Klein, John, baker, 237. 

Knight & Co., shoe store of, 328. 

Knitting, of stockings, 260, 260- 
261; knitted garters, 276; knit- 
ting needles, 199, 256, 257. 

Knives. See under Cutlery. 

Knox, , ship captain, 300. 

Koch, , house of, 306. 

Koffler, Francis, silver tankard 
stolen from, 77. 

Kollock, Shepard, silver and jew- 
elry stolen from, 39-40. 

Kumbel, William, clockmaker and 
silversmith, 50-51, 153. 

Labor. See Apprentices; Journey- 
men ; Negroes ; Servants ; Wages. 

Labrador tea, 261. 

Lace, 250, 265, 266, 285; thread 
lace, 253, 266, 269. 

Lace (braid). See Gold Lace; Sil- 
ver Lace. 

Lacquering, 349. See also Japan- 
ning. 



Laffar, , house of, 33. 

Laight (Leight), Edward, leather 
dresser, 13. 

Laight, Edward, part owner of 
Vesuvius Furnace, 219, 220; store 
of, 220. 

Laight, William, store of, 220. 

Laight's new dock, 319. 

Lake Champlain, 21. 

Lake Erie, 21. 

Lake George, Battle of, plan of, 
22-23. 

Lake Ontario, 9, 19, 21. 

Lake Superior, 25. 

Lamb, Anthony, instrument-maker, 
advertisements of, 131-132, 306- 
307; slave of, 343-344. 

Lamb, Anthony, engraver formerly 
with, 8; mezzotint by, 16. 

Lamb, John, encouraging spinning, 
254. 

Lamb, John, engraver, 13. 

Lamps, 95, 96-97, 98, 353; street 
lamps, 353; lamp oil, 354; lan- 
terns, 136, 315, 352; lantern of 
Sandy Hook Lighthouse, 174. 

Lancashire, England, 267. 

Lancaster, Pa., 94, 262. 

Landscape gardeners, 180, 302-303. 

Landscape painters, 7; instruction 
in landscape painting, 4. 

Lane, Nathaniel, china mended by, 
86-87. 

Langden, Capt., servant of, 337. 

Lansing, Jacob Jacob, of Albany, 
silver tankard stolen from, 36. 

Lansing, John, 5. 

Lanterns, 136, 315, 352; of Sandy 
Hook Lighthouse, 174. 

Lapidaries, advertisements of, 34, 
65, 67-68; supplied with stones 
from New England, 78; mill for, 
34; mentioned, 66, 69. See also 
Jewellers; Jewelry; Jewels. 

Latham, [James], surgeon, inocu- 
lation by, 305. 

Laundries, 142, 285; pinking-irons, 
200; smoothing-irons, 230, 285; 
calender, 285. 

Laverty, Bryan, of Perth Amboy, 
149. 

Law, Andrew, Capt., house of, 
114. 

Lawrence, [Effingham], ship cap- 
tain, 102, 156. 

Lawrence, James, coach maker, 
359-360. 

Lawrence, John, Jr., 273. 



424 



INDEX 



Laws of N. Y., about gauging, 131 ; 
about making bricks, 190; for in- 
spection of flax, 250; for inspec- 
tion of lumber, 184; against 
breaking street lamps, 353. 

Lawyers and attorneys, 60-61. 

Lead, old, bought, 101, 102, 194, 
195; lead bullets, 101; weights, 
220, 222; lead work for houses, 
100, 102, 104; for ships, 100-101, 
102, 104; refiner of, 314; 
plumber, 100, 101, 102; bar lead, 
353; glaziers' lead, 351, 352. 

Lead mine, Dutchess Co., N. Y., 
211-212. 

Lead pencils, 25, 294; drawing 
with, taught, 127. 

Leadbetter, James, music teacher, 
369. 

Leake (Lake), [Robert], Commis- 
sary of Stores, house of, 187. 

Leary (Lary), John, house of, 82, 
277. 

Leather, dyeing of, 282; japanned, 
80; bindings of, 244, 317; 
breeches of, 53, 106, 323, 328, 334, 
336, 338, 339, 340, 342, 346, 347; 
other articles made of, 31, 66, 
115, 122, 123, 144, 163, 255, 317, 
323, 328, 329, 340, 342, 356, 357, 
363; buckskin, 328, 336, 340, 342, 
346, 347; calfskin, 244, 317, 340; 
sheepskin, 244, 317, 340; Mo- 
rocco, 244; shagreen cases, 71, 77, 
111, 150, 156, 162, 163. 

Leather dressers, 13, 396; tanner 
and currier, 317; leather seller, 
328. 

Lectures, on astronomy, 374, 383; 
on electricity, 383, 387 ; on heads, 
177. 

Leddel, Joseph, pewterer, adver- 
tisement of, 103. 

Leddel, Joseph, Jr., pewterer, ad- 
vertisement of, 103-104; de- 
ceased, 104. 

Leedell, George, bookbinder, 153, 
246. 

Leeds, England, 272. 

Lefferts (Lafferts), , house of, 

96. 

Lefferts, Abraham, 31. 

Lefferts, Peter, of Flatbush, silver 
stolen from, 31. 

Leffingwell, Christopher, of Nor- 
wich, Conn., 85. 

Leigh, Benjamin, schoolmaster, 
bouse of, 281. 



Lepper, Thomas, advertisement of, 
for glass, 93-94; taverns of, 93 
note, 390. 

Le Roux, Charles, silver made by, 
stolen, 51. 

Leslie, , peruke-maker, house 

of, 295. 

Lester, John, of Hempstead, 336. 

Lexington, Mass., Battle of, 27. 

Levy, , house of, 194. 

Liberty Pole, N. Y. City, 72, 177. 

Libraries, circulating subscription, 
240, 240 note. 

Lightfoot, Richard, pin manufac- 
turer, 256. 

Lighthouse, on Bedloe's Island, 
171; at Sandy Hook, 173-174, 
176. 

Lighting. See Candles; Lamps. 

Lightning, 123, 173, 176. 

Lightning-conductor or rod, 176. 

Lime, 185, 187, 188, 189. 

Lindsay, Alexander, peruke-maker, 
325. 

Lindsay, William, fire - engine 
maker, 300. 

Lindsay & Sharp, stone cutters, 
231. 

Linen, made in N. Y., 249, 251, 
258-259, 261, 277; made else- 
where in America, 257, 258, 259, 
260, 262, 268; manufacture of, 
encouraged in Maryland, 257; 
encouraged by Society for Pro- 
moting Arts, 258-259; exported 
to England, 268; imported, 265, 
266, 275-276, 323 ; foreign sources 
of, 267; skilled manufacturer of, 
263; for sale, 263-275; calender 
for pressing, 285; washing and 
dyeing of, 282-283, 285; plate 
printing on, 28; pins for linen 
printers, 256; wearing apparel 
made of, 257, 280, 323, 336-347; 
table and bed linen, 125; metal 
dies for marking, 199 ; linen rags 
wanted by paper makers, 233, 
234, 235-236, 237, 238; osnaburg 
(ozenbrigs), 266, 267, 323, 336, 
337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 345. 
See also Flax. 

Linseed cakes, for cattle, 309. 

Linseed-oil, 129, 130, 309, 348, 353, 
354, 355. 

Liquors. See Alcoholic beverages. 

Lispenard, Anthony, of New Ro- 
chelle, 172. 

Lispenard's brewery, 388. 



INDEX 



425 



Litchfield, Conn., 174. 

Little, John, of Baltimore, 94. 

Liverpool, England, imports from, 
106, 168; sawyer from, 182; mar- 
ble cutter in, 228. 

Livingston, Abraham, sword of, 82. 

Livingston, Christian, painter, 351. 

Livingston, John, storehouse of, 
295. 

Livingston, Peter R., merchant, 
212. 

Livingston, Philip, house of, 90, 
141; Alderman, 141, 232 note. 

Livingston, Philip, runaway ser- 
vant of, 323. 

Livingston, Robert, house of, 105. 

Livingston, Robert, Jr., Ancrum 
iron sold by, 212. 

Livingston, Robert G., house of, 
44. 

Livingston, Robert G., Jr., 273. 

Livingston, Robert James, servant 
of, 341. 

Livingston, Manor of. Iron Works 
on, 212. 

Lloyd, Henry, of Boston, American 
manufactures worn by, 332. 

Lloyds Neck (former Horse Neck), 
L. I., 30. 

Locks, 122, 198, 199, 201, 203, 223, 
224, 225; padlocks, 205, 223. 

Locksmith, advertisement of, 205- 
206. 

Lodgings, 3, 4, 5, 69, 79, 191, 280, 
287, 299, 350, 369, 370; boarding 
house, 394. 

Loftus, Willoughby, architect and 
carpenter, 181; partnership of, 
dissolved, 193. 

London, England, craftsmen from, 
1, 3, 4, 6, 12, 28, 30, 32, 33, 37, 
41, 42, 64, 65, 66, 67, 70, 72, 73, 
74, 77, 87, 110, 120, 128, 130, 131, 
134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 
141, 142, 145, 146, 147, 148, 159, 
161, 162, 164, 166, 186, 194, 196, 

198, 200, 204, 205, 228, 244, 246, 
277, 279, 283, 284, 292, 294, 297, 

299, 306, 308, 311, 323, 324, 328, 
331, 332, 334, 356, 360, 363, 364, 
365, 366, 369, 372; goods im- 
ported from, 33-34, 37, 59, 64, 
68, 70, 72, 90, 97, 98, 102, 107, 
120, 124, 130, 131, 133, 135-136, 
144, 155, 157, 159, 163, 195, 198, 

199, 200, 220, 256, 265, 270, 271, 
272, 273, 274, 275, 287, 297-298, 

300, 315-316, 328, 330, 350, 367; 



methods and fashions of, 6, 64, 
69, 73-74, 98, 138, 179, 181, 197, 
227, 253, 256, 291, 294, 308, 325, 
327, 348; map of, 14, 130; clock 
makers in, 147 ; letters from, 267- 
268. 

Long, Sarah, school of, 280. 

Long, William, needles sold by, 
256; school opened by, 280. 

Long Bridge. See under Docks, 
Piers, and Slips. 

Long Island, on maps, 18, 26; clay 
at Whitestone on, 84, 317; pa- 
per-mill on, 233-234; optical ma- 
chine exhibited on, 379-380; 
ferry, 339; places on, 30, 31, 61, 
76, 77, 254, 263, 269, 284, 336, 
337, 340, 346. 

Long Pond Furnace, Passaic Co., 
N. J., 207. 

Looking-glasses. See Mirrors. 

Lorain, , shop of, 161. 

Lord, Abigail, servant of, 107. 

Lorin, Peter, jeweller, 30, 70. 

Lott, Abraham, house of, 380. 

Lott, Abraham, (Jr.), house of, 
120; of Lott &Low, 76. 

Lott & Low, store of, 76. 

Lottery, prizes for, 61. 

Loudon, Samuel, printer, adver- 
tisements of, 236; circulating 
library of, 240. 

Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, maps of, 
19, 24, 395. 

Love, Charles, music teacher, 369- 
370. 

Low, [Isaac], of Lott & Low, 76. 

Low, Nicholas, storehouse of, 296. 

Low, Peter, chocolate maker, 295- 
296. 

Lucas, Sebastian, cutler, 200-201, 
395; partnership of, dissolved, 
201. 

Ludlow & Hofifman, advertisement 
of, 223. 

Luggage, 139, 243, 363, 364. 

Lumber, for sale, 182, 183-185; in- 
spection of, 184; planks for 
boats, 182, 185, 291. See also 
Wood. 

Lumber yards, 182, 183, 184-185. 

Lyle, William, founder of air-fur- 
nace, 189; N. Y. Air Furnace re- 
built by, 215. 

Lynch, , house of, 265. 

Lyne, James, plan of N. Y. City 
by, 17-18; mathematics taught 
by, 310-311. 



426 



INDEX 



Lyneall, Richard, fencing-master, 

299. 
Lyng, John Burt, silversmith, 

house of, 51; negro of, 51. 

Lynsen, , baker, house of, 316. 

Lynsen, , of Moore & Lynsen, 

auctioneers, 135, 273. 
Lynsen, Abraham, house of, 86. 



M'Allister, , of Wright & M'- 

Allister, spinning wheel makers, 
256. 

M 'Alpine, Robert, bookbinder, ad- 
vertisements of, 41, 246; men- 
tioned, 332. 

Macaulay, Mrs. Catharine, wax 
portrait of, 393. 

Macbeth, wax works of, 392. 

M'Cartney, , house of, 42. 

M 'Clary, George, apprentice, 344- 
345. 

M'Davitt, Patrick, auctioneer, 90, 
269-270, 273. 

M'Donald, Capt., house of, 280. 

McEuen, , of Bradford & Mc- 

Euen, pewterers, 101-102. 

M'Evers, Charles, house of, 165. 

Machines, for cleaning flax seed, 
249; for winding silk, 252. See 
also Engines; Printing presses. 

Mcllyaine (Muckelvain), William, 
baker, 288. 

M'Intosh, John, silversmith, de- 
serted, 52-53. 

M'Knight, Charles, of Freehold, 
N. J., 311. 

M'Mullan, Mr., house of, 137. 

M'Neill, , house of, 393. 

McPheadris, Mrs. Helena, house 
for sale by, 112. 

M'Queen, John, stay-maker, 330. 

M'Ready, , shoemaker, 285. 

Mac Ready, Dennis, tobacconist, 
318. 

Magic, sleight of hand, 312-313, 
375. 

Magic lantern, 289, 375-376. 

Mahoon, of London, harpsichord 
maker, 373. 

Maiden Lane. See under Streets 
and Squares. 

Maine, lumber from, 184. 

Malaga, model of, exhibited, 386- 
387. 

Manchester, England, 267, 283, 309. 

Manhasset, L. I. See Cow Neck, 
291. 



Manhasset Bay. See Cow Bay, 
291. 

Manheim, Pa., Stiegel's advertise- 
ment for glass made at, 94-95. 

Manly, Robert, coach maker, 
360. 

Manors: Livingston, 212; Pelham, 
75. 

Mantelpieces. See Chimney-pieces. 

Manufactures (American), grow- 
ing independence of, 79, 209, 224, 
260, 263; citizens urged to en- 
courage, 94, 95, 96, 190-191, 213- 
214, 215, 234-235, 251, 253, 255, 
256, 257, 263, 315; wearing ap- 
parel of, 258, 259, 260, 331, 332; 
New York City's preference for 
foreign goods, 267; cities not 
adapted for, 268; advertised as 
comparing favorably with for- 
eign, 7, 42, 68, 84, 107, 139, 145, 
159, 164, 165, 190, 203, 204, 213, 
214, 215, 217, 220, 237, 246, 251, 
255, 256, 261, 269, 276, 283, 285, 
296, 300, 301, 310, 315, 321, 330, 
355, 359, 366, 367; N. Y. Society 
for Promoting Arts, 254, 258-259, 
267-268. See also Glass Works; 
Paper Mills; Textiles, etc. 

Many, Francis, inspector of tim- 
ber, 184. 

Maps, 7, 9-10, 12, 14, 16-27, 302, 
395. 

Marble, imported, 189, 228, 229; 
American, 228; varieties of, 228, 
229, 230; uses of, 86, 123, 125, 
189, 228, 229, 230. 

Marble cutters, advertisements of, 
228-229. 

Marble yard, Liverpool, 228. 

Market House, 264. 

Markets, New York City, indi- 
cated on Duyckinck map, 21; 
New Market, 115; 
Coenties Market, 4, 22, 50, 90, 
100, 130, 153, 203, 280, 296, 330; 
Fly Market, 9, 27, 32, 33, 35, 40, 
63, 66, 67, 68, 72, 84, 112, 113, 
115, 120, 123, 126, 143, 144, 147, 
188, 195, 197, 199, 200, 202, 217, 
222, 225, 234, 235, 242, 251, 255, 
269, 270, 283. 285, 293, 304, 329, 
347, 364, 376: 
Meal Market, 14, 29, 53, 95, 103, 
104, 115, 144, 146, 148, 306, 353, 
363, 364, 378; 
Old Slip Market, 25, 97, 100, 102, 
111, 129, 130, 133, 145, 162-163, 



INDEX 



427 



194, 197, 202, 245, 265, 269, 292, 
299, 303, 328, 332, 349, 367; 
Oswego Market, 34, 41, 86, 120, 
188, 204, 205, 224, 282, 289, 293, 
309, 331, 359, 364; 
New Oswego Market, 119. 

Marschalk, Andrew, advertisement 
of, for tiles, 90. 

Marschalk, Francis, city surveyor, 
181 ; [Marschalk or] Duyckinck 
plan of N. Y. City advertised, 
21. 

Marschalk, Peter, house of, 122. 

Marsh, Daniel, lumber yard of, 
185. 

Marsh, Peter, 345. 

Martin, John, furniture of, 124. 

Martin, John R., 273. 

Maryland, 20, 21; linen manufac- 
tured in, 257; Annapolis, 71, 329; 
Baltimore, 94. 

Masks, 324. 

Masonic order. See Freemasons. 

Masons, advertisement of, 188, 191, 
230-231; for Trinity Church, 
171 ; tools for, 199, 225. See also 
Bricklayers. 

Massachusetts, glass factory in, 93 ; 
manufactures in, 224, 332; 
church in, 174; towns in, 123; 
semi-precious stones found in, 
78; New England rum, 123. See 
also Boston. 

Matlock, White, watchmaker, 153, 
154, 246. 

Mattisonia School, Lower Free- 
hold, N. J., 311-312. 

Mattresses. See under Beds and 
bedding. 

Maugridge, William, ship-joiner, 
servant of, 337. 

Maxwell, , snuff maker, 315. 

Mead house, 84. 

Mead, Matthew, of Horse Neck 
(Lloyd's Neck), 30. 

Meal Market. See under Markets. 

Meares, Lewis, jeweller, a run 
away servant, 53. 

Mears, Samson, goldsmith, 52. 

Meat, 78, 223, 264, 265. 

Mechlin lace, 266. 

Mecklenburg bindings, 269. 

Mecom, Mrs. Catharine, widow of 
John, 71. 

Mecom, John, jeweller, advertise- 
ments of, 70-71; in New Bruns- 
wick, N. J., 71 ; deceased, 71. 

Medicines, 42, 59, 106, 121, 159, 



192, 296, 298, 308-309; anodyne 
necklace for teething children, 
287-288; curative cosmetics, 298; 
toothpowder for ill - scented 
breath, 59; infusion pots for 
colds, 100, 103 ; plasters, 308-309 
inoculation, 305; bleeding, 316 
smelling bottles, 37, 53, 98, 117 
medicine bottles, 95, 98, 316 
medicine chests, 120-121, 316- 
317. See also Surgical instru- 
ments and appliances; Surgeons. 

Medlis, Samuel, deceased, 231. 

Medser, Christian, runaway ser- 
vant, 92. 

Melchor, Isaac, of Philadelphia, 94. 

Mellen, [William], of Millstone, 
N. J., 149. 

Merchant marine. See Ships. 

Merchants, 46, 48, 155, 156, 159, 
186, 212, 216, 219, 258, 340, 344, 
380. 

Mercier (Merceir), Capt. William, 
96-97, 101. 

Merrett, John, 273. 

Mesier, Peter, house of, 93. 

Metals. See Brass; Copper; Gold; 
Iron; Pewter; Pinchbeck; Sil- 
ver; Steel; Tin; White metal. 

Metal workers. See Blacksmiths; 
Goldsmiths; Pewterers; Silver- 
smiths; Tinmen; Whitesmiths; 
Forges and Furnaces. 

Meyers, Naphtaly Hart, advertise- 
ment of, 266-267. 

Mezzotints, 16, 24, 132. 

Microcosm, 384-386, 396. 

Middletown, 191. 

Middletown Point, 187. 

Midwife, 308; Smellie's Midwifery, 
316. 

Mile stone, 179. 

Military: advertisements directed 
to army and navy men, 8, 35, 
138, 139, 141, 205, 243, 248, 294, 
304; plans for fortifications 
drawn, 9; maps of fortifications, 
9-10, 23-24; remains of supposed 
fortifications in N. Y. City, 171; 
journal and maps by Massachu- 
setts officer in French and In- 
dian War, 25; oflficer in Col. 
Read's Massachusetts Regt., 
154; British soldiers in N. Y. 
City, 38; Quarter Master Gen- 
eral's office, 83; Rivington'a 
printing press destroyed by Con- 
necticut Light Horse, 241; de- 



428 



INDEX 



serters from British regiments, 
52-53, 115, 128; spatterdashes 
worn by English soldiers, 331; 
hooks and eyes for uniforms, 
254; tents and marquees, 134, 
137, 138-139, 140, 141; field and 
tent bedsteads, 110, 120, 124, 136, 
137, 138, 139; haversacks, 139; 
colors (flags), 137, 139. See also 
Guns; Swords. 

Miller, , house of, 78. 

Miller, , house of, 289. 

Miller, Aaron, of New Jersey, 
clock maker, 154. 

Miller, Christopher, 126. 

Miller, Eleazer, Jr., 273. 

Miller, John, gardener, 132. 

Miller, Philip, shop of, robbed, 
154. 

Miller, [Thomas], ship captain, 3. 

Miller, Thomas, Captain, ship 
built for, 292. 

Milligan, , shop of, 267. 

Milligan, David, secretary of St. 
Andrew's Society, 258. 

Milligan, John, importer, 273; 
Woman's Shoe Store of, 396. 

Milliner, William, house of, 245. 

Milliners, 271, 324, 331; millinery 
taught, 278. 

Mills, James, dentist, 299. 

Mills, James, tavern keeper, silver 
stolen from, 62. 

Mills, Nathaniel, of Mills, Hicks 
& Howe, printers, 242-243. 

Mills, Hicks & Howe, printers and 
stationers, 242-243. 

Mills, cider, 222; lapidary's, 34; 
warping and twisting, 262 ; wind- 
mills, 179, 321; metal work for, 
194, 197, 202, 210, 225, 226, 227; 
in Connecticut, 50, 85; in N. Y., 
246; makers of, 181-182, 321. See 
also Flour and grist mills ; Paper 
mills; Sawmills. 

Millstone, N. J., 149. 

Millstones, 78, 209; N. Y. manu- 
factory of, 190-191; American, 
78; imported from France, 190, 
396. 

Millwrights, 181-182, 321. 

Milne, Edmond, goldsmith, of 
Philadelphia, 52. 

Milne, John, & Sons, of Manches- 
ter, England, 309. 

Milworth, Thomas, portrait 
painter, 6. 

Mineral waters, 304. 



Miners, 211, 218. 

Mines, engine to pump water 
from, 182, 321; Hibernia iron, 
N. J., 208, 211; Ringwood Iron, 
210; lead, Dutchess Co., N. Y., 
211-212. 

Miniature painters, 3, 4, 6. 

Miniatures, for rings and bracelets, 
6. 

Minifie, Richard, shop keeper, 255, 
269. 

Minnett (Minnitt), , of Daviea 

& Minnett, 88-89, 98. 

Minshull (Minshall), , carver 

and gilder, 128; looking-glass 
store of, 16, 132-133. 

Mirrors (looking-glasses), to be 
auctioned, 106, 122, 124-125, 126, 
133; for sale, 123, 124, 126-127, 
129-131, 132-133, 139, 265, 298, 
355 ; broken, bought, 291 ; frames 
for, 127, 128, 129, 130, 132, 139; 
polishing of, 130, 131, 133; sil- 
vering of, 130, 131, 132, 349; 
dressing glasses, 125, 127, 130, 
133, 139; pier glasses, 125, 126, 
130, 139; looking-glass stores, 16, 
129, 130, 132. 

Mississippi River, maps of, 17, 25. 

Mitchell, Dr. John, death of, 25. 

Mock Bird, or New American 
Songster (1761), 372. 

Mohair, 264, 266; buttons, 338. 

Molasses, 92, 212. 

Molds for iron castings, 208 ; mold- 
ing and casting of iron ware, 219. 

Money, counterfeit, 47, 49. 

Monograms. See Ciphers. 

Montgomerie, George, deceased, 
132. 

Montgomerie, TJohn], Gov. of 
N. Y., auction of estate of, 120- 
121. 

Montgomerv, Alexander, shoe 
store of, 329. 

Montgomery, Alexander, tavern 
keeper, 30. 

Montreal, Canada, on map, 24; 
furs from, 332. 

Monuments, tombs and grave- 
stones, 186, 228, 229, 230. 

Moore, , Capt., deceased, 328. 

Moore, Benjamin, sail maker, 
house of, 278. 

Moore, Blaze, tobacconist, 317. 

Moore, Sir Henry, Ratzer map 
dedicated to, 25. 

Moore & Collins, dyers, 282. 



INDEX 



429 



Moore & Lynsen, auctioneers, 135, 
273. 

Moran, , 12. 

Morcomb, Mary, mantua-maker, 
332. 

Morison, James, drovmed, furni- 
ture of, 124-125. 

Morgan, John, 274. 

Morris, , of Keeling & Morris, 

90. 

Morris, John, of Dublin, Ireland, 
gun-flint cutter, 303-304. 

Morris, [Lewis], description of 
coat of arms on coach of, 360- 
361. 

Morris County, N. J., Hibernia 
iron works in, 210-211; Mount 
Hope iron works in, 213; Old 
Boonton works in, 216; Union 
Iron Works partly in, 219. 

Morrison. See also Morison. 

Morrison, Isaac, 31. 

Morristown, N. J., 149; horse race 
at, 81. 

Morse, Charles, attorney and con- 
veyancer, 60-61; house of, 244. 

Mortars, 222, 228, 230. 

Mortars (ordnance), 215. 

Morton, John, advertisements of, 
90, 225, 274. 

Mosquito netting, 136. 

Mother-of-pearl, 34, 78, 150. 

Mount Holly Iron Works, Bur- 
lington Co., N. J., for sale, 212- 
213. 

Mount Hope Iron Works, Morris 
Co., N. J., 213. 

Mourning, dress simplified in Bos- 
ton, 330, 331; crapes, 264, 265, 
330; crape hatbands, 267, 330; 
mourning lockets, 40; mourning 
rings, 32, 34, 37, 40, 64, 68, 69, 
70, 72, 78. See also Cemeteries; 
Funerals. 

Muckelvain (McIIvaine), William, 
baker, 288. 

Muller, , breeches-maker, 367. 

Mulligan, Hercules, tailor, 269. 

Munden, James, stay-maker, 323; 
partnership of, with Butwell, 
dissolved, 48. 

Murderer's Creek, New Windsor, 
N. Y., forge at, 209. 

Murray, , house of, 200. 

Murray, , of Watson & Mur- 
ray, 255. 

Murray, John, merchant, 155; 
owner of Hibernia Furnace. 211. 



Murray, Robert, merchant, 155; 
owner of Hibernia Furnace, 211; 
mentioned (as Merrey), 188. 

Murray & Pearsall, importers, 274. 

Murray's Wharf, 161, 263. 

Music, in sheets and books, 15, 
370, 371, 372; ruled paper for, 
245, 371, 372; song books, 371, 
372; Watts' Divme Songs, 371; 
book of instructions, 373; teach- 
ers of, 157, 287, 368-371 ; concerts 
of vocal and instrumental, 109, 
177, 286, 289, 313, 365. 

Musical instruments, 37, 117, 157, 
204, 227, 365-370, 372, 373; drawn 
wire for, 256, 373; violin bows 
and bridges, 307, 365, 366, 371, 
372, 373; strings for, 366, 370, 
372, 373; makers of, 109, 365- 
368; tuner of, 157; book of in- 
structions for, 373; organs, 109, 
365, 366, 369, 370, 371, 373; or- 
gans of Trinity Church. 372; 
organ builders, 109, 116, 365, 366, 
396; drums, 137, 141, 366, 367, 
373; music-box, 289; musical 
clocks, 144, 148, 149, 155, 157, 
159, 165, 167, 168; mechanical 
"musical machines," 374-375, 
383-384, 385. 

Musicians and teachers of music, 
109, 157, 177, 286, 287, 289, 308, 
313, 338, 365, 368-371, 372. 

Muskets, brushes for. See also 
Guns. 

Myer, John Ide, city sealer, 296. 

Myer, John R., 274. 

Myers, Myer, silversmith, adver- 
tisements of, 53-54; in partner- 
ship with Halsted, 53; servant 
of, 53 ; houses for sale by, 54-55 ; 
stolen spoons marked "Myers," 
54; stolen spoons marked "MM" 
for (?), 52. 

Myers, Solomon, house of, 316. 

Myers & Halsted, goldsmiths, ad- 
vertisements of, 53. 



Nail makers, 206-207. 

Nails, 207, 220, 223, 224, 265, 363. 

Nanking china, 88. 

Naples, Italy, 368, 371. 

Navigation, teacher of, 310-311; 

instruments for, 131, 306, 307; 

books on, 307. 
Navy, British, arrival of fleet from 

Boston. 8; H.M.S. Asia, 292. 



430 



INDEX 



Neale, [John], English clock 
maker, 166. 

Needle makers, advertisements of, 
254, 254-255. 

Needles, 196, 200, 225, 254-255, 256; 
knitting, 199, 256, 257; netting, 
117, 199. 

Needlework. See Embroidery and 
Needlework. 

Negroes, for sale, 51, 57, 135, 140, 
317; runaway slaves, 48, 50, 335, 
337, 340, 341, 343-344, 346, 346- 
347, 347; dance by negro imper- 
sonator, 314; mentioned, 76, 267. 

Negroes' Burying Ground, 84. 

Neil, , of Abeel & Neil, auc- 
tioneers, 270. 

Neil, Daniel, of New Jersey, 309. 

Neilson, Mr., of New Brunswick, 
149. 

Neilson, William, 273. 

Netherlands. See Holland. 

Net maker, 308. 

Newark, Delaware, 261. 

Newark, N. J., 149, 179, 186, 206, 

210, 230, 315; furnaces in, 188, 
189, 219-220; quarry stone from, 
231. 

New Brunswick, N. J., 22, 71, 149, 
240, 339. 

Newcastle, England, 263. 

New Castle Co., Delaware, 261. 

New Fairfield, Conn., 263. 

New Forest Pig Iron, 213. 

Newfoundland, 23. 

Newfoundland Glass-house, N. Y. 
City, 92-93, 93 note, 139. 

New Hampshire, paper money of, 
49. 

New Haven, Conn., 22, 66, 145. 

New Jersey, maps of, 19-20, 21-22, 
24; horse race in, 81; iron mines 
in, 207, 208, 211 ; forges and fur- 
naces in, 188, 189, 207-209, 210- 

211, 212-213, 216, 217, 218-219, 
219-220; linen and woolen cloth 
made in, 259; wool manufactory 
in, 268, 269; paper mill in, 237, 
238; lumber from, 184, 185; 
stone from, 229, 230, 231 ; school 
in, 311-312; towns and counties 
in, 11, 22, 36, 39, 45, 46, 61, 71, 
81, 148, 149, 152, 154, 170, 177- 
178, 179, 182, 186, 190, 206, 207, 
210, 213, 216, 218, 219, 230, 231, 
238, 240, 245, 255, 259, 260 note, 
315, 339, 345, 356, 362. 

New London, Conn., 22, 331. 



Newport, R. I., 69, 330. 

New Rochelle, N. Y., 172. 

Newspapers, stamps cut for, 13; 
delivered by post-rider, 309-310 ; 
advertisements of printers of 
N. Y., 233-236, 238-242; hst of 
illustrated advertisements in, 
395-396. 

Newton, Sir Isaac, 390. 

New Windsor, N. Y., 29, 174; 
Glass-house (factory) at, 92, 
105; forge on Murderer's Creek, 
209. 

New York Air-Furnace, advertise- 
ments of, 213-214, 215; burned, 
214; mentioned, 188, 189. 

New York City, Charter of, 
printed by Zenger, 241; en- 
graved views of, 10-12, 14; 
Lyne's plan of, 17-18; Duyckinck 
or Marschalk plan of, 21; 
"Ratzen" plan of, 25-26; Ratzer 
plan of, with view, 26; individ- 
ual Aldermen of, 183, 187, 232 
note, 237, 267, 282, 292; Mayor 
of, 289, 310; Sealer of, 296; Sur- 
veyor of, 181 ; public whipper of, 
310; whipping post in, 167; goal, 
10; Poor House, 259; Work 
House, 382, 389; prisoners in 
City Hall, 390 ; official inspection 
of lumber io, 184 ; official inspec- 
tion of flax in, 250; Hay Scales, 
294; Weigh House, 376; Custom 
House, 17, 169, 310; Exchanges, 
17, 27, 30, 85, 90, 95, 126, 280, 
330, 385, 386, 387; Post Office, 68, 
292; fire engines owned by, 300; 
overseer of fire engines in, 300; 
remains of supposed fortifica- 
tions in, 171; street lamps in, 
353; theatres in, 122, 286, 299, 
382; water works in, 301, 318- 
320; civilian action in, punishing 
infraction of non-importation 
agreement, 37-39; encouraging 
wages in, 192; believed not fa- 
vorable to manufacturing, 267- 
268. See also Churches; City 
Hall; Docks; Fort George; 
Markets ; Schools ; Signs ; 
Streets; Taverns; Topographical 
features; etc. 

New York Harbor, maps of, 18, 
26; islands in, 26, 171; light- 
houses of, 171, 173-174, 176. 

New York (Province), maps of, 
19-20, 21-22, 24; laws of, 131, 



INDEX 



431 



190, 250, 353; estate of Gov. 
Montgomerie of, 120-121; silver 
mugs of Gov. Tryon of, 81; 
Bradford printer of, 240; paper 
used in, 234; paper-mills in, 233- 
236; iron-works in, 209-210, 212, 
215, 217-218; settlers from, in 
Nova Scotia, 302. 

New York Society for Promoting 
Arts, 254, 258-259, 267-268. 

New York Water Works, 319-320. 

Niagara Falls, 9; engraving of, 
15. 

Nichols, Lewis, of Newark, N. J., 
splint-maker, 315. 

NicoU, Edward, china and glass 
sold by, 90-91. 

NicoUs, Dr., house of, 246. 

Nixon, John, clock maker, 155. 

Nixon, Thomas, auction of, 126. 

Noble, [Abel], partner in Sterling 
Iron Works, 215, 217-218. 

Noble, Noah, harness maker, 360. 

Noel, Garrat, book and print sel- 
ler, advertisements of, 7, 14-15, 
22; circulating library of, 240 
note; mentioned, 15, 158. 

Non-importation agreement, civil- 
ian action in N. Y. for infraction 
of, 37-39; advertisement of con- 
formity with, 165; decision 
against imported gloves, 331 ; tea 
given up, 261. 

Norie, Peter, painter, 350-351. 

Norris, John, stone cutter, 186, 231. 

North Carolina, iron workers en- 
couraged to go to, 215-216. 

North River. See Hudson River. 

Northrup, Joseph, painter and 
glazier, 351. 

Norton, Ralph, of Trenton, 345. 

Norton, William, chairs sold by, 
115. 

Norwalk, Conn., goldsmith in, 50; 
Thacher's mills in, 50. 

Norwich, Conn., earthenware man- 
ufactory in, 85; paper mill in, 
85. 

Norwood, , 118. 

Notary-public, 113. 

Nottingham earthenware, 88, 89. 

Notions : hooks and eyes, 254, 257, 
324; pins, 200, 256, 257, 315-316; 
thimbles, 47, 117, 199, 200. See 
also Buttons; Needles. 

Nova Scotia, maps of, 18, 19, 23- 
24, 395; N. Y. Fishery Co. in, 
302. 



Nutter, Valentine, bookbinder and 

publisher, 247. 
Nutter & Evans, bookbinders, 246- 

247. 



Ogden, David, Jr., of Newark, 210. 

Ogden, David, Sen., of Newark, 
210. 

Ogden, John, 210. 

Ogden, Jonathan, innkeeper, de- 
ceased, sale of effects of, 122. 

Ogden, Moses, of Newark, 189; 
part owner of Vesuvius Furnace, 
219, 220. 

Ogden, Samuel, of Boonton, N. J., 
206; iron works of, advertised, 
216. 

Ogden, Uzal, 210. 

Ogilvie, Rev. Dr. [John], engrav- 
ing of, 16. 

Ohio River, 21. 

Oil: lamp oil, 354; linseed oil, 129, 
130, 309, 348, 353, 354, 355; 
spermaceti-oil, 295; oil and 
blubber, 220; used in Sandy 
Hook Lighthouse, 174 ; vegetable 
oils, 354; oils and oil-colors for 
painters, 21, 25, 129, 130, 309, 
348-355. 

Oil mills, makers of, 182, 321. 

Old Boonton Iron Works, 216. 

Old Slip, 104, 105, 354, 381, 386. 

Old Slip Bridge, 244. 

Old Slip Market. See under Mar- 
kets. 

Onion, Stephen, «fe Co., of Mary- 
land, 216 

Optical glasses and instruments: 
microscopes, 96; reading glasses, 

96, 97; spectacles, 77, 82, 96, 97, 
226; spy-glasses, 96; telescopes, 

97, 307. 

Orange County, N. Y., farm in, 
for sale, 41. See also New 
Windsor. 

Ordnance: cannon, 101, 215; mor- 
tars, 215; swivel guns, 220, 304; 
ammunition, 101, 215. See also 
Guns. 

Organ-builders, 109, 116, 365, 366. 

Organist, of Trinity Church, 372. 

Organs, 109, 365, 366, 369, 370, 
371, 373; of Trinity Church, 372; 
tuner of hand- and barrel-organs, 
157. 

Orrery, 374, 383. 

Osborne, , cabinetmaker, 127. 



432 



INDEX 



Osnaburg (Ozenbrigs). See under 
Linen. 

Oswego, N. Y., 19. 

Oswego Market. See under Mar- 
kets. 

Ovens, 214, 230; brickwork for, 188, 
189, 191. 

Oyster Bay, N. Y., 254, 284. 

Oyster-house, 64. 

Oysters, 172; oyster jars, 85. 

Ozenbrigs (Osnaburg). See under 
Linen. 



Pacheco, , warehouse of, 374. 

Pain, Edward, potter, 85. 

Painters, of miniatures, 3, 4, 6; of 
portraits, 1, 3-7, 127, 129, 130, 
349; of scenes, 1-2, 3, 7, 127, 130; 
of coats of arms, 13, 65, 350. 

Painters (house), 238, 348-352; 
(ship), 349, 350-351; (coach), 
349, 350, 357, 358, 359. 

Painting on glass, 7, 130, 275, 349. 

Paintings, 7, 130; cleaning of, 7, 
349; varnishing of, 7, 130, 349. 
See also Pictures. 

Paints and painters' materials: 
paints and colors, 5, 21, 25, 129, 
130, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 353, 
354, 355 ; mill for grinding colors, 
354; oil and linseed oil, 129, 130, 
309, 348, 349, 350, 351, 353, 354, 
355; canvas, 5; brushes, 292, 
293, 349, 350, 351, 354, 355; pen- 
cUs, 5, 25, 350, 354; tools, 5, 25, 
349, 350. 

Palladian style rooms, 180. 

Paper, large amount of, used in 
N. Y., 234; incentive to manu- 
facture, in N. Y., 234, 235, 237- 
238; brought from Philadelphia, 
27; kinds of, for sale, 235, 237, 
238, 243, 246, 247; stationery, 
243, 248; wall paper (paper 
hangings), 123, 124, 134, 136, 137, 
138, 140, 142, 173, 237, 316; boxes 
made of, 279. 

Paper-hanger, 237. 

Paper mills, in N. Y. City, 234-236, 
237-238; Gaine's, at Hempstead 
Harbor, L. I., 233-234; at Nor- 
wich, Conn., 85; at Spotswood, 
N. J., 237; paper made in Phila- 
delphia, 27; wire and wire 
molds for paper makers, 256, 
257; proposals for erecting, 236- 
237; builders of, 182, 321; linen 



rags wanted by paper makers, 
233, 234, 235-236, 237, 238. 

Paper money, counterfeit, 49. 

Papier-mache, 83, 127, 128. 

Parchment, 28, 238, 243, 244; vel- 
lum, 13, 28, 65, 243, 244, 269. 

Paris, France, 6, 326, 391. 

Parisien, Otto, goldsmith and sil- 
versmith, 55-56; fire in house of, 
56. 

Parker, James, printer of the 
Post-Boy, maps and prints sold 
by, 14, 20, 21, 27, 133; rewards 
offered by, 63, 80, 221, 222; fire- 
place pamphlet sold by, 169; 
formerly Bradford's apprentice, 
239; newspaper of, continued by 
son, 239; songs published by, 
371, 372; printing office of, 141; 
letter to, 318-319. 

Parker, Samuel F., printer, part- 
ner of John Anderson, 239; 
father's newspaper continued by, 
239. 

Parmyter, Mrs. Elizabeth, house 
of, 299. 

Parrot, design of, on iron chimney- 
back, 222. 

Parrot cages, 194, 254. 

Parsons, James, machines and 
screens sold by, 249. 

Parsons, John, joiner, 115-116. 

Partners and partnerships, 43, 46, 
53, 67, 73-74, 85, 88. 88-89, 89, 
90, 92, 93, 98, 101-102, 116, 119, 
123, 127, 138, 147, 152, 155, 157, 
165, 179, 181-182, 183, 185, 198, 
200, 204, 207, 213, 214, 215, 217, 
219-220, 223, 228, 230, 231, 239, 
242-243, 246, 256, 261, 270, 271, 
272, 273, 274, 281, 282, 284, 292, 
295, 309, 315, 323, 325, 327, 348, 
349, 358, 363, 364, 366; partner 
wanted, 294; partnerships dis- 
solved, 36, 48. 68, 74, 110, 115, 
128, 155, 183 note, 193, 201, 206, 
211, 217, 321. 

Passaic, N. J. See Acquakanonk. 

Passaic County (former Bergen 
Co.), N. J., forges and furnaces 
in, 207, 208, 210. 216. 

Pasteboard, 235, 238. 

Patchat. Allen, fabrics sold by, 
263-264. 

Paterson, Mathew, 255. _ 

Patterson, , cabinetmaker, 

partnership of, with Hubbell 
dissolved, 115. 



INDEX 



433 



Pearsall, , of Murray & Pear- 

sall, importers, 274. 

Pearsall, Joseph, watchmaker, 155, 
156; partner of Thomas Pear- 
sall, 155. 

Pearsall, Thomas, watchmaker, 
155, 156; partner of Joseph Pear- 
sall, 155. 

Pearsee, , of Willet & Pearsee, 

cabinetmakers, 119, 120. 

Pearson, William, Jr., clock maker, 
156-157. 

Peck, , house of, 70. 

Peck, Benjamin, house of, 58. 

Peck, William, house of, 187. 

Peck Slip. See under Docks, 
Piers, and Slips. 

Peirson, John. See Pierson. 

Pelham, Hon. Henry, 243. 

Pelham Manor, 75. 

Pell, John, silver stolen from, 75. 

Pell, Mrs. Mary, widow of Samuel 
Pell, tobacconist, 318. 

Pell, Samuel, house of, 100. 

Pell, Samuel, tobacconist, widow 
of, 318. 

Pelletreau, Elias, whalebone cut- 
ter, 56-57; silversmith's tools 
for sale by, 57; mentioned, xvii, 
footnote. 

Pelton, Daniel, drum-maker, 366. 

Pelton, Philip, drum-maker, 366. 

Pemberton, Rev. Ebenezer, house 
of, 383. 

Pencils: artists' pencils, 5, 25, 
350, 354; lead pencils, 25; 294; 
drawing with, taught, 127. 

Peimsylvania, maps of, 19-20, 21- 
22, 24; glass made in, 94-96; 
household weaving in, 262; 
needles manufactured in, 254- 
255; prints to be sold in, 11; 
towns in, 22, 94, 262; Pennsyl- 
vania stoves, 123; Pennsylvania 
fireplaces, 169, 170. See also 
Philadelphia. 

Penobscot River, 23. 

Pere , of Burlington, N. J., 22. 

Perry, Mervin, watch maker, 157- 
158; house of, 165; son of 
Thomas, 158. 

Perry, Mrs. Ruth, widow of 
Thomas Perry, 159. 

Perry, Thomas, watch maker, 157- 
158, 159; father of Mervin, 158; 
deceased, 159. 

Perry, Mrs. Thomas, executrix, 
159. 



Persian (silk), 264, 265, 266-267; 
Persian carpets, 126; Persian 
style rooms designed, 180. 

Perth Amboy, N. J., 61, 149, 177- 
178, 190, 260 note; wool manu- 
factory in, 268, 269; Amboy 
ferry, 237. 

Peruke-makers. See Wig-makera. 

Peters, George, 122. 

Petit, Thomas, house of, 287. 

Pewter, advertised for sale, 80, 100, 
102-107, 194, 195, 200, 223; to be 
sold at auction, 106, 121; im- 
ported, 102, 106, 107, 195, 200; 
stolen, 52, 107-108; old, bought 
or exchanged, 100-105, 194, 195; 
engraving on, 104; printing 
from engraved pewter plates, 28 ; 
buttons of, 106, 107, 335 ; candle 
molds, 100, 102; porringers, 100, 
102, 103; spoons, 100, 102, 103, 
107, 195; tankards, 100, 102, 103, 
195; teapots, 100, 102, 103; com- 
munion cups and flagons, 100. 

Pewterers, advertisements of, 100- 
106; touch or mark of, 107-108; 
mentioned, 92 note, 102. 

Phenix & Brown, store of, 53. 

Philadelphia, Pa., Heap's prospect 
and plan of, 20-21, 22; maps and 
prints sold in, 11, 16, 20, 22; bells 
in, 175; theft in, 75, 76, 77; lot- 
tery tickets sold in, 61; London 
Coffee House in, 94; actors from, 
286; microcosm at, 384; buttons 
made in, 96, 204, 293; coach- 
maker in, 362; earthenware of 
type made in, 84-85, 91 ; Wistar's 
glass-works in, 95-96; gold-smith 
of, 41 ; paper made in, 27 ; parch- 
ment made in, 238; printers of, 
145, 238, 239, 242; Philadelphia 
soapstone, 189; craftsmen from, 
85, 115, 251, 281, 291, 293; men- 
tioned, 58, 66, 69, 212, 215, 218, 
332, 393. 

Philips, David, carpenter, 193. 

Philips, David, whalebone cutter, 
320. 

Phillips, Jonas, earthenware sold 
by, 91; house of, 294. 

Phoenix (Phenix) & Brown, 53. 

Physicians. See Surgeons and 
Physicians. 

Picture frames, 5, 7, 110, 117, 121, 
127, 128, 129, 130, 132. 

Pictures, for sale, 121, 124, 125, 
126, 129, 130; cleaning and re- 



434 



INDEX 



pairing of, 7, 349. See also En- 
gravings ; Paintings . 

Piers. See under Docks, Piers, 
and Slips. 

Pierson (Peirson), John, carpen- 
ter, partnership of, with Loftus, 
dissolved, 193. 

Pike, Nathaniel, of Woodridge, 
reed-maker, 255. 

Pilot, 65. 

Pinchbeck, articles made of, 34, 68, 
72, 77, 79, 82, 147, 149, 157, 163, 
195, 197, 346. 

Pinkard, Samuel, runaway watch 
maker, 153. 

Pinto, Mrs., house of, 42. 

Pinto, Joseph, silversmith, 57. 

Pipes, clay for, 317. 

Pistols, 66, 82, 223, 304. 

Pitt, William (Lord Chatham), 
head and name of, decorating 
American swords, 35. 

Pittsfield, Mass., 174. 

Plaster, 179, 187; plaster busts, 
129; plaster of Paris figiu-es, 127. 

Piatt, Ebenezer Smith, clock 
maker, 159. 

Playing-cards, 315; card tables, 
116, 119, 125, 126. 

Plowman, Joseph, pin-maker, 257. 

Pocketbook-maker, 243. 

Pocketbooks, 37, 243, 244. 

Polhemus, , of Jamaica, L. I., 

fulling mill of, 269. 

Pompton, N. J., 210. 

Poole, Richard, 343. 

Popham, James, of Newark, Del., 
estimate of, for wool manufac- 
ture, 261-262. 

Porcelain. 'See China and Pottery. 

Poree [Michael], dentist, house 
of, 126. 

Porringers, earthenware, 85; pew- 
ter, 100, 102, 103; silver, 54, 60, 
76, 80. 

Portland stone, 189. 

Portmore, Earl of, engraving of 
horse of, 14. 

Portrait painters, 1, 3-7, 127. 

Portrait painting, instruction in, 
4. 

Portraits, engraved, 12. 

Post, William, painter, 28. 

Post Office, N. Y. City, 68, 292. 

Post rider, 309-310. 

Potash, 355; brick for potash 
works. 189; potash kettles, etc., 
213, 214, 220. 



Potbakers' Hill, 96, 203, 206-207, 

288, 297. 
Potters, advertisements of, 84-85; 

throwers or wheelmen wanted, 

85. 
Pottery. See China and Pottery. 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 47. 
Powles Hook, N. J., 26. 
Powles Hook Ferry, 31. 
Pownalboro (now Wiscasset), 

Maine, 184. 
Price, , of Stone & Price, 

cloth importers, 270. 
Price, Michael, of Robinson & 

Price, 73, 116. 
Primers, for sale, 239, 246, 247. 
Prince, Samuel, cabinetmaker, 

store of, 116, 366; advertisement 

of, 116. 
Princeton University : Nassau 

Hall, 311. 
Principio Iron Works, Maryland, 

216. 
Printers, of New York, 10, 11, 238, 

244; advertisements of, 238-243; 

of New Jersey, 238; of Philadel- 
phia, 145, 238, 239, 242. See also 

Bradford; Rivington; Zenger, 

Printing Offices, N. Y. City, 3, 4, 
23, 30, 141, 204, 235, 238, 238- 
239, 242, 286, 300. 

Printing presses, for printing from 
copperplates, 28; made by Doo- 
little for Goddard, 145; Riving- 
ton's, destroyed, 241; Zenger's, 
to be sold at auction, 242; type 
cast by a jeweller, 69. 

Privateers, 291, 344. 

Proctor, Carden, watch maker, 
159-160. 

Propert, D., music teacher, 370. 

Providence, R. I., 22; lime from, 
187. 

Provoost, David, house of, 112. 

Provost, , gunsmith, 386. 

Prussia, King of, 289. 

Prussian blacking ball, 294; Prus- 
sian china, 297. 

Pryor, John Edward, tiles and lime 
sold by, 187-188; builder, 348. 

Psalmody, taught, 370; Watts' Di- 
vine Songs, 371. 

Pugh, Thomas, bell-maker, 195. 

PuUein, Samuel, The Culture of 
Silk by, 252. 

Pumping engines, for removing 
water from mines, 182, 321. 



INDEX 



435 



Pumps and wells, tea-water pumps, 
84, 173, 319; pumps, 57-58, 59, 
169, 177, 178, 237, 319; wells, 
169, 178, 319; curb stones for 
wells, 186; brass chambers for 
pumps, 194; cisterns, 172, 187, 
228, 231. 

Punch-bowls, 54, 91, 123; glasses, 
97; ladles, 59, 81, 82, 154, 195; 
strainers, 52, 59, 81. 

Puntiner, William, servant of, 205. 

Puppet show, 144; Punch shows, 
313, 382. 

Purcell, Henry, engraver, 13. 

Purrysburg parish, S. C., silk cul- 
ture in, 252. 

Quakers: An Earnest Address to 

Such of the People called 

Quakers (1775), 245. 
Quebec, Canada, maps of, 23, 24, 

395. 
Queensbury Furnace, Orange Co., 

N. Y., 44. 
Quills, 226, 246, 247; method of 

preparing, 310. 
Quilts, 121, 139, 276. 
Quintard, Peter, goldsmith, 58. 

Ramsay, , house of, 390. 

Rancocas Creek, N. J., 212. 

Rapalje, Garrit, glass advertise- 
ment of, 94. 

Ratsey, Widow, house of, 307. 

[Ratzer, Bernard], "Ratzen" plan 
of N. Y. City by, 25-26; map of, 
26. 

Rawdon, , peruke-maker, 334, 

Razors, 82, 195, 198-203. 

Read, Charles, of Burlington, 
owner of Taunton Forge, 219. 

Read, John, house of, 263. 

Read, [Joseph], of Massachusetts, 
regiment of, 154. 

Read, Thomas, jeweller, a runaway 
servant, 71. 

Reade, John, importer, 274. 

Reade, Joseph, merchant, servant 
of, 335. 

Reade, Hon. Joseph, house of, 125, 
372. 

Reade, Lawrence, house of, 54. 

Reade & Yates, agents of Ameri- 
can Co. Iron Works, 207 note. 

Reading, James, dentist, deceased, 
299. 

Reed-maker, advertisement of, 
255; hautboy reeds, 372. 



Reeve, , of Whitehouse & 

Reeve, jewellers, 73-74; partner- 
ship of, dissolved, 74. 

Reeves, Stephen, silversmith, 58. 

Refining, of copper, 304, 314; of 
gold and silver, 41, 42, 43, 314; 
of lead, 304, 314. 

Refining forges. See Forges and 
furnaces. 

Reservoir, of Colles's Water- 
Works, 319. 

Revere, Paul, passing through 
N. Y., 58-59. 

Rhinelander's s^ore, 91, 98-99, 133. 

Rhode Island, 18, 66, 300; map of, 
21-22; counterfeited bills of, 187; 
lime from, 187; Newport, 69, 
330; Providence, 22, 187. 

Rhodes, Thomas, dyer, 284. 

Ribbons, 264, 265, 281. 

Rice, W., organist, 373. 

Richards, , ship captain, 70. 

Richardson, Aweray, servant of, 
345. 

Richardson, John, grocer, 303. 

Richardson, John, jeweller, 82. 

Richardson, Thomas, jeweller, 
forced to store imported goods, 
72; advertisements of, 72-73. 

Richardson, William, locksmith, 
205-206. 

Richey, George, upholsterer, 138- 
139. 

Rickman, , of Bowne & 

Rickman, 217. 

Ridgely, Mrs. Sarah, midwife, 308, 

Ridout, George, goldsmith, 59. 

Rigby, Thomas, joiner, servant of, 
336. 

Riggs, Joseph, nail-maker, 206. 

Rings. See under Jewelry. 

Ringwood (N. J.) iron works, 216; 
owned by American Co., 207; 
for sale, 210. 

Rivington, James, printer, 12, 156, 
227, 389; engravings sold by, 15; 
hanged in effigy, 240; printing 
press of, destroyed, 241. 

Roberts, , house of, 328. 

Robertson, Alexander, printer, 235. 

Robertson, James, printer, 235. 

[Robeson's Oxford Furnace]. See 
Robinson's Iron Works, men- 
tioned, 219. 

Robin Hood, songs of, advertised, 
371. 

Robinson, Charles, 335. 

Robinson, Col. [Beverly], 1. 



436 



INDEX 



Robinson, George, flax-dresser, 

249-250, 251. 
Robinson, Robert, of Robinson & 

Price, 73, 116. 
Robinson's Iron Works [Robeson's 

Oxford Furnace], 219. 
Rochelle, France, 79. 
Roebuck (Robuck), Jervis, cork 

cutter, 297-298. 
Roemer (Ramer), Frederick, of 

N. J., paper manufacturer, 237, 

238. 
Roman style rooms, 180. 
Romans, Bernard, map maker, 27. 
Roofing, 187; pantiles, 84, 191; 

tiles, 177, 187. 

Roorbach, , house of, 203. 

Roorback, , house of, 144. 

Roosevelt, , Alderman, 187, 

237; lumber yard of, 183. 

Roosevelt, , house of, 182. 

Roosevelt, Isaac, 206. 
Roosevelt, Jacobus, house of, 294. 
Roosevelt, John I., importer, 355. 
Roosevelt, Nicholas, silversmith, 

house of, described, 59; adver- 
tisement of, 59-60; retiring from 

business, 60; deceased, 59 note. 
Roosevelt, Peter, 4. 
Ropemakers, 342, 343; ropemak- 

ing, 250; cordage, 121; hemp, 

211. 
Rose, Capt., house of, 319. 
Rotten Row (Hunter's Key). See 

under Docks, Piers, and Slips. 
Rowley, John, perfecter of orrery, 

374. 
Royal American Magazine, adver- 
tised, 15-16. 
Royal Society, 15, 166, 385. 
Rum, 91, 92, 105, 121, 123, 183, 

212, 219, 270, 296, 299, 355, 380. 
Russian linens, 267; Muscovite 

taste in rooms, 180. 
Ruston, Peter, furrier, 324. 
Rutgers, Anthony, brewer, house 

of, 324; deceased, 352-353. 
Rutgers, Harmanus, brew house of, 

41; house of, 290. 
Rutgers, Mrs. Harmanus, widow, 

320. 
Rutgers, Mrs., house of, 329. 
Ryall, Joseph, Capt., deceased, 

auction of personal property of, 

79. 
Ryan, Cornelius, leather dresser 

and breeches-maker, 396. 
Ryckman. See Rickman. 



Sacket, Joseph, house of, 103. 

Saddlers, 29, 201, 331, 358, 365; 
advertisements of, 363-364; iron- 
mongery for, 265; leather for, 
317; tools for, 200, 201. 

Saddles and saddlery, 29, 71, 200, 
213, 358, 363, 364; embroidered 
covers for side-saddles, 276; 
saddle-bags, 364; stirrups, 37, 
317, 358. See also Harness; 
Spurs; Whips. 

Safe or chest, iron, 224-225. 

Sagers, Benjamin, blacksmith, 345. 

Sail cloth, 263. 

Sail maker, 278. 

St. Andrew's Society of N. Y., 258. 

St. Croix, West Indies, 196 note. 

St. Lawrence River, 23. 

St. Maurice, Margaret, milliner, 
324-325. 

Salisbury (Conn.) Furnace, 216, 
217. 

Samplers, 276, 277, 278. 

Sand paper, 196. 

Sands, Comfort, flax swinglers 
wanted by, 250-251. 

Sands, Cornwell, house of, 160. 

Sands, Samuel, of New Windsor, 
N. Y., 29. 

Sands, Stephen, clock maker, 160- 
161. 

Sandy Hook Lighthouse, described, 
173-174; lightning conductor on, 
176. 

Sause, Richard, engraving sold by, 
16; map published by, 27; cut- 
ler, 201-202, 395. 

Saw-makers, 209. 

Sawmill, Ringwood, N. J., 210; 
builders of sawmills, 182, 321; 
saw-pit, 183. 

Saws, 222, 223-224, 225; saw- 
makers, 209; sawyer, 182-183. 

Sawyer, William, bricklayer, 188. 

Sawyer, advertisement of, 182-183. 

Saybrook, Conn., 291. 

Scandaret's beer and oyster house, 
64. 

Scandrett, , 188. 

Scandrett, William, brazier, 195- 
196. 

School books, for sale, 239, 246, 
247; second-hand, bought, 236; 
provided by schoolmistresses, 
279. 

Schools, 3, 8, 181, 277-280, 310-312; 
dancing schools, 6, 368, 369 ; sing- 
ing-school, 370 ; boarding schools, 



INDEX 



437 



278, 279, 280, 311-312; evening 
schools, 6, 8, 310, 369; fire in 
N. Y. City school house, 318; 
Free School burned, 170; Doug- 
lass's Histrionic Academy, 287; 
New Academy, 368 note; Co- 
lumbia College, 181; Nassau 
Hall, Princeton, 311; Mattisonia 
Grammar School, Lower Free- 
hold, N. J., 311-312; 

teachers of: architecture, 181, 
228; dancing, 6, 298-299, 368, 
369; drawing and painting, 3, 4, 
6-7, 8, 127, 128 note, 130, 228, 
275, 349, 350; fencing, 299, 369; 
languages, 48-49, 69, 73, 279, 311, 
312, 368 note; music (vocal and 
instrumental), 157, 287, 368-371; 
needlework, 275, 276, 277-278, 
279-280, 311; reading, writing, 
and arithmetic, 8, 48-49, 277, 
278, 279, 280, 310, 311; sciences 
and mathematics, 73, 310; sur- 
veying and navigation, 310; wax- 
work, 275, 393-394. 

Schuyler, , 4. 

Schuyler, Dirck, 1 

Schuyler, John, 274. 

Science, lectures on, 374, 383, 387; 
teacher of, 73. 

Scissors, 195, 198-202. 

Scot, , stabler, 361. 

Scotland, party of immigrants 
from, 40-41; craftsmen from, 52, 
193, 251, 258; imports from, 213, 
266, 267, 268; music of, 371; 
Scotch carpets, 126, 133-134; 
Scotch snuff, 315, 318, 321. 

Scourers. See Cleaners. 

Scudder, Dr. Nathaniel, of Free- 
hold, N. J., 311. 

Scull, Nicholas, surveyor-general 
of Pa., 21, 22. 

Scully, John, advertisement of, 
237. 

Sculthorpe, John, peruke-maker, 
202. 

Seager, John, nail-maker, 206. 

Seal cutters and engravers, 9, 12, 
13-14, 34-35, 65. 

Seals, 9, 12, 13, 30, 32, 33, 35, 37, 
65, 68, 69, 70, 71, 77, 79, 80, 82, 
117, 144, 149, 150, 154, 157, 158, 
159, 160, 163, 198, 199, 223, 326; 
intaglio, 160. 

Seamen, wages of, 192. 

Searle, , of Flagg & Searle, 

glaziers and painters, 349. 



Sears, Capt. Isaac, house of, 196. 

Sebring, Cornelius, house of, 350. 

Second River [present Belleville], 
N. J., 61. 

Sedans, 357. 

Sedgfield, Nathaniel, millwright, 
181-182 

Seeds, for sale, 95, 105, 132. See 
also Flaxseed. 

Seixas, Isaac, silver stolen from, 
52. 

Selby, , saddler, partner of 

Thomson, 201, 364. 

Sells, Sarah, baker, 288. 

Serge. See under Woolen cloth. 

Servants (white, indentured), im- 
ported for sale, 106; hand of, 
initialed, 336; face of, marked, 
341; dress of, 106, 334-347; run- 
away, 48, 52, 53, 66, 71, 85, 92, 
106, 107, 153, 205, 216, 229, 232, 
323, 334-347, 350. 

Sexton, of Trinity Church, 229, 
230. 

Shafer (Shaffer), William, paper- 
maker, 237-238. 

Shagreen. See under Leather. 

Sharp, , clerk of Insurance 

Office, 305. 

Sharp, , of Lindsay & Sharp, 

stone cutters, 231. 

Sharp [Samuel], Surgery by, 316. 

Sharpe [Richard], of N. Y. Air 
Furnace, 214, 215. 

Shaw, Daniel, cabinetmaker, 116. 

Shaw, David, merchant, 258. 

Shaw, James, diagonal mirror ex- 
hibited by, 381-382. 

Shaw, John, jeweller, house of, 73; 
advertisement of, 73. 

Shaw. Thomas, millwright, 181-182. 

Sheaf, Henry, boat builder, 292. 

Sheep, 268. 

Sheepskin, 255, 317. 

Sheffield, England, 198, 200, 209. 

Sheiuble (Sheybil), John, organ 
builder, 116, 366, 396. 

Shepherd (Shepard), , of 

Lucas & Shepherd, cutlers, 200- 
201, 395; partnership of, dis- 
solved, 201. 

Shepherd, Matthew, clock maker, 
161. 

Sherbroke, , 42. 

Sheward, William, of Pennsylva- 
nia, 254-255. 

Sheybil (Sheiuble), John, organ 
builder, 116, 366, 396. 



438 



INDEX 



Ship-carpenters, 192, 223; ship- 
carvers, 3, 127; ship-chandlers' 
wares, 130; ship joiners, 193, 
337; ship painters, 349, 350- 
351. 

Shipman, Charles, ivory and hard- 
wood turner, Il7. 

Shipman, William, 300-301. 

Shippey, Josiah, 206. 

Ships and ships' stores, laimch of 
Britannia, largest ship built in 
America, 292; British naval ves- 
sels, 8, 292; privateers, 291, 344; 
merchant vessel from Holland, 
93; from England, 3, 37, 40, 41, 
66, 68, 70, 77, 82, 90, 97, 98, 99, 
102, 106, 120, 129, 135, 144, 151, 
155, 156, 157, 188, 195, 198, 222, 
223, 224, 256, 270, 297, 315, 328, 
355, 372, 380, 381, 393; arrange- 
ment for supplying with water, 
319; anchors, 203, 210, 218, 220; 
oakum, pitch and turpentine, 
291; planks, 182, 185, 291; rud- 
der irons, 227; navigating in- 
struments, 131, 306, 307; beds 
and mattresses, 138, 139; ca- 
booses, 214; stoves, 204; iron 
utensils preferable to copper for, 
226-227; bottled beer, 290; medi- 
cine chest, 316-317; wages of 
seamen, 192. 

Shipwrights, advertisements of, 
291-292; tools for, 307. 

Shipyards, 30, 89, 206, 281, 291, 
292, 355, 371. 

Shober, Frederick, of Hodge & 
Shober, printers, 242. 

Shoemakers, advertisement of, 
330; bristles for, 293; tools for, 
199, 200, 201, 223, 224, 225; men- 
tioned, 285, 344. 

Shoes, 66, 144, 196, 328, 329, 330; 
worn by servants, 335-347 ; made 
in America, 330, 332 ; leather for, 
317; made of damask, 328; 
blacking ball for, 294; clogs, 66, 
328; galoshes, 329; brushes for, 
292. 

Shoe stores, 328, 396. 

Shooting contests, 78, 122-123; 
guns for shooting, 304. 

Shoplifting, 267. 

Shreeve, Thomas, lumber yard of, 
182. 

Shrewsbury, N. J., 36, 45, 46. 

Sickels, Ethan, leather dresser and 
breeches maker, 396. 



Sickles, , 12. 

Sidney, Sir Phihp, engraving of, 
14. 

Siemon, John, furrier, 104, 396. 

Sigard, , blacksmith, 351. 

Sign painters, 7, 350-351. 

Signs, business: Sign of the: 
Archd Dial, 150; Bible and 
Crown, 22, 23, 109; Bladder of 
Snuff, 318; Block tin Teapot, 
104; Blue BaU, 271; Brass And- 
irons and Candlestick, 197; 
Brass-Kettle, Tea Kettle and 
Coffee-Pot, 196; Broad-Ax, 213; 
Buck and Breeches, 328 ; Buttons 
and Buckles, 293; Chair, 110, 
111; Chair-Wheel, 359; Chest of 
Drawers, 116, 366; Clock and 
Two Watches, 144; Clothes- 
Press, 119, 120; Coach, 361; 
Cross Daggers, 199; Cross Guns, 
198, 374; Cross Handsaws, 225; 
Cross Swords, 202; Crown and 
Cushion, 134, 256; Crown and 
Stays, 396; Dial, 50. 145, 153, 157, 
158, 162; Dial and Time, 145; 
Dish, 100; Dove and Rainbow, 
282; Elaboratory, 296; File and 
Hammer, 162; Frying Pan, 224; 
Gilt Dish, 100; Gold Andiron 
and Candlestick, 226; Golden 
Anvil and Hammer, 214, 224; 
Golden Key, 16, 132, 205, 223, 
266, 373; Gold-Laced Waistcoat, 
275; Hadley's Quadrant, 307; 
Hand, 271; Harp and Crown, 
278, 283; Hood, 253; Lion and 
StUl, 299; Lock and Key, 79-80, 
207; Looking Glass, 104; Look- 
ing Glass and Druggist Pot, 97; 
New Dial, 162; Platter, 103; 
Rembrandt's Head, 7; Riding 
Chair, 359; Royal Bed, 271; 
Royal Bed and Star, 135, 136; 
St. Andrew's Cross, 376; Ship 
Aground, 87; Sir Isaac Newton's 
Head, 13; Spinning Wheel, 256; 
Sportsman, 304, 396; Sun and 
Breeches, 396; Tea-pot and 
Tankard, 32, 33; Tea-pot, Tank- 
ard and Ear-ring, 33, 144 ; Three 
Bisquets, 288; Two Blue Balls 
and Hand, 282; Two Cupids, 
129; Two Dyers, 283; Unicom 
and Mortar, 160; White Dial, 
165; White Stays, 330. 
For tavern signs, see Taverns, 

Silesia, 267. 



INDEX 



Silk, made in South Carolina, 252 ; 
American, 253; PuUein's essay 
on Culture of, 252; imported, 
264, 265, 266, 272; for sale, 139, 
264-267, 269; plate printing on, 
28; cleaners and dyers of, 281- 
285; silk strings for watches, 77, 

82, 150, 158, 160, 163; silk stock- 
ings, 142, 199, 253, 257, 282, 284, 
285; articles made of, 66, 253, 
257, 323, 335, 336, 341; sewing 
silk, 265; embroidery with silk, 
276, 277, 278, 279, 280. 

Silkworms, in South Carolina, 252, 
253 

Silver, stolen, described, 29-32, 36, 
39, 40, 44-45, 48, 50, 51-52, 54, 55, 
57, 58, 60, 62, 63, 75-77, 80, 81- 

83, 154; death sentence for steal- 
ing, 75; advertised, 53, 56-60, 77, 
80; to be auctioned, 79, 125; im- 
ported, 77; stamped with lion, 
51; engraved, 9, 12, 13, 65, 104, 
304; silver-plate engravers, 28, 
65; chased, 51, 56, 57, 71, 77; 
mending of silverware, 32, 34, 58, 
61, 72; refining of, 41, 42, 43, 314; 
silver-mounted pistols, 304; sil- 
ver rivets for mending china, 86 ; 
Masonic emblems of, 74; silver- 
topped bottles, 99; buckles of, 
68, 324, 326; buttons of, 46, 53; 
stock-clasp of, 338; Dutch 
beaker, 31 ; bowl, 75, 76 ; candle- 
sticks, 51, 52, 57, 79, 80; caudle- 
cup, 77; coffee pots, 51, 52, 54, 
57, 75; cups and mugs, 31, 57, 62, 

75, 78, 80; milk and cream pots, 
33, 51, 57, 59-60, 76, 77, 154; pep- 
per and salt casters, etc., 52, 53, 
54, 57, 59, 60, 76, 79; porringers, 

54, 60, 76, 80; salvers, 39, 51, 54, 
57; sauce boats, 52, 57, 59, 79; 
snuff box, 78; spoons, 29, 30, 32, 
33, 39, 40, 44, 48, 50, 51, 52, 54, 
57, 59, 60, 62, 63, 67, 75-82, 123, 
154; sugar bowls, 54, 57, 76, 79; 
tankards, 29-31, 33, 36, 44, 54, 

55, 57, 58, 60, 63, 75-77, 79-82; 
teapots, 32, 33, 42, 54, 57, 59, 75, 
76; tongs, 32, 33, 44, 50, 52, 59, 

76, 77; tureens, 57; silver-cased 
watches, 147, 149, 150, 152-158, 
162, 163, 167, 196; old silver 
wanted, 36, 42, 58, 61, 65, 68, 72- 
73, 149, 199; silver dust, 130; 
silver leaf, 5, 350, 354. 

Silver embroidery, 277, 279, 280. 



Silver lace (ornamental braid), 41, 
149, 265, 276, 326; cleaners of, 
277, 279, 281, 306. 

Silversmiths, advertisements of, 30. 
32-34, 36-37, 39-47, 50-52, 56-58, 
61-64, 72, 153; illustrated adver- 
tisement of, listed, 395; men- 
tioned, xvii 7iote, 8, 44, 47, 51, 52, 
60, 64, 147; prices of, 33; marks 
of, on stolen silverware, 29-32, 36, 
39, 44, 50-52, 55, 60, 63; shop for 
sale, 59; tools of, 47, 57, 59, 79- 
80, 196, 198, 201; furnaces for, 
56. 

Silversmiths' marks: name of 
Charles Oliver Bruff in full, 33; 
Myers, 54; AB, 29; BLR, 51; 
BWK, 63; CWK, 63; EB, 29; 
EP, 55; IB, 30, 31; IBV, 31; IC, 
36; II, 50; IP, 54; JH in a heart, 
44; MM, 52; NR, 58; PD, 39; 
PG, 30; pQ, 57; PVB, 62; PVD, 
62; RVD, 60; SS, 60; TB, 30, 
62; TH, 44. 

Simnet, John, watch maker, 161- 
162. 

Simons, Joseph, seal-cutter and en- 
graver, 13-14. 

Simons, Levy, embroiderer, 277. 

Simson's paper manufactory, 238. 

Sinclair, Capt. Robert, store of, 
322. 

Singers, concert, 109, 177, 286. 

Singing school of Psalmody, 370. 

Skaats, Mr., house of, 115. 

Skellorn, Richard, brazier, 196- 
197. 

Skinner, Abraham, silversmith, 60. 

Skinner, Stephen, bricks sold by, 
189-190. 

Slaves. See Negroes. 

Sleeve-buttons. See under Jewelry. 

Sleigh, Charles, house of, 312. 

Sleighs, 357, 360; iron for, 210; 
slpds 359 

Sleight' of hand, 312-313, 375. 

Slips. See under Docks, Piers, and 
Slips. 

Smallpox, 57, 140, 331 ; inoculation, 
305. 

Smart, Thomas, clock maker, 162. 

Smellie, [William], Midwifery by, 
316. 

Smelting furnaces. See Forges and 
furnaces. 

Smibert, John, of Boston, map 
seller, 19. 

Smith, , ship captain, 40. 



440 



INDEX 



Smith, , tinplate worker 

wanted by, 206. 

Smith, David, runaway servant, 
347. 

Smith, James, of Woodbridge, 259. 

Smith, John, brazier, advertise- 
ment of, 196; house of, 167, 196; 
deceased, 196 note. 

Smith, Richard, glass imported by, 
96. 

Smith, Samuel, nail-maker, part- 
nership of, dissolved, 206. 

Smith, William, goldsmith and sil- 
versmith, 61. 

Smith's-Fly, 105, 143, 199, 275. 

Smoke house, 170. 

Snuff, 315, 318, 321 ; manufacturers 
of, 315, 321; silver snuff mill, 75; 
Goelet's snuff mill at New Ro- 
chelle, 172. 

Snuff-boxes, 9, 34, 35, 37, 42, 43, 60, 
72, 74-75, 78, 80, 83, 144, 150, 154, 
160, 222; snuff-bottles, 96. 

Soap, for sale, 109, 294, 303 ; wash- 
balls, 294, 332; liquid, 306; boxes 
for, 117; kettles for, 194; glue- 
house suited for making, 104. 

Soap-makers, advertisements of, 
109, 294, 303; mentioned, 7; 
brickwork for soap-boilers' pans, 
188, 191. 

Societies: American Philosophical, 
393; House Carpenters, 193; N. 
Y. Society for Promoting Arts, 
254, 258-259, 267-268; St. An- 
drew's, of N. Y., 258; Royal, 15, 
166, 385. 

Society of House Carpenters, 193. 

Solomons, Alexander, furrier, 328- 
329. 

Sommer, Balthaser, widow of, 96. 

Sommer, Mrs. Balthaser, optic 
glass ground by, 96. 

Song books: songs of Robin Hood, 
371; Mock Bird, or New Amer- 
ican Songster, 372; Isaac Watts' 
Divine Songs . . . for the Use of 
Children, 371. 

Sorge, John Julius, advertisement 
of, 305-306. 

Soumain, Simeon, goldsmith, lot- 
terv prizes made by, 61; garden 
of, 61; markSS of (?),60. 

Southack, Cyprian, chart by, 18. 

South Carolina, 133, 287; silk cul- 
ture in, 252-253. 

Spanish: cedar, 185; cloth, 264; 
guitars, 367; padlocks, 205. 



Spanish West Indies, 237. 

Speaight, Richard, chemist and 
druggist, 296, 396. 

Spectacles. See under Optical 
glasses. 

Spelter, 196. 

Spermaceti candle-works, 294-295; 
equipment for, 214; spermaceti- 
oil, 295. 

Spices. See Condiments. 

Spinners, 249, 259, 260, 277; em- 
ployed by St. Andrew's Society, 
258; employed by Society for 
Promoting Arts, 259; wages of, 
262 ; a day's output of yam, 263. 
See also Textiles. 

Spinning wheels, 106, 254, 256, 263, 
277; makers of, 256. 

Spoons, pewter, 100, 102, 103, 107, 
195; silver, 29, 30, 32, 33, 39, 40, 
44, 48, 50, 51, 52, 54, 57, 59, 60, 
62, 63, 67, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 
81, 82, 123, 154. 

Sport and sporting equipment: 
horse races, 76, 81 ; shooting con- 
tests, 78, 122-123; guns for shoot- 
ing, 304; bird nets, 308; hunting 
saddles, 363, 364; cockspurs, 72; 
bull-baiting, 396; salt water 
bathing, 177-178; fishing cases, 
243. 

Spotswood, N. J., paper mill at, 
237, 238. 

Sproul, , house of, 370. 

Spruce Run, N. J., 219. 

Spurs, 57, 72, 77; cockspurs, 72. 

Stables, 113, 122, 178, 304; 
hostler wanted, 304; stable- 
man, 361; teamsters wanted, 
216, 217. 

Stage. See Theatres. 

Stage coaches, 93, 362; four-horse 
stage, 217. 

Staircase, building. 111; orna- 
ments, 128. 

Stake, George, of York, Pa., 94. 

Stamler, Christian, tailor, 120. 

Stamp Act, repeal of, 37 note. 

Stanaland, Thomas, of Bristol, Pa., 
338. 

Stanton, , maker of surgical in- 
struments, 316. 

Stanton, George, lumber yard of, 
184-185; of Stanton & Ten 
Brook, 183-184. 

Stanton & Ten Brook, timber yard 
of, advertised, 183-184; partner- 
ship dissolved, 183 note. 



INDEX 



441 



Staten Island, ferry house on, 93 
note; weaving on, 268. 

Stationers, advertisement of, 242- 
243, 244, 247-248. 

Statue of King George III, in N. 
Y. City, 196. 

Statues, marble, 228; plaster of 
Paris figures, 127; plaster busts, 
129; wax figures, 178, 389-394. 

Stay-makers (corsetiers), 323, 328, 
334, 396. 

Stays (corsets), 137, 323, 328, 329, 
330, 334, 342; stay-hooks, 30, 77; 
whalebone for, 320, 334. 

Steam engine, for Colles's water- 
works, 319. 

Steel, Joseph, counterfeiter, ar- 
rested, 49. 

Steel, Stephen, coach maker, 360. 

Steel, American forges for, 215, 
217; imported, 200, 220; engrav- 
ing on, 9, 13, 65, 104; articles 
made of, 47, 71, 77, 79, 80, 82, 
117, 154, 198, 199, 200, 201, 215, 
224, 294, 301, 336, 342, 358, 361. 
See also Forges and Furnaces; 
Iron. 

Steelyards (for weighing), 203, 
226. 

Stephany, John Sebastian, chemist, 
167. 

Sterling, Earl of. See Stirling. 

Sterling Anchory, 218. 

Sterling Iron Works, 215, 217-218, 
396; Sterling pig iron, 210. 

Stevens, John, of Perth Amboy, 61. 

Stewart, , of Hackettstown, N. 

J., 149. 

Stewart, , of Templeton & 

Stewart, 274, 309. 

Stewart, William, Capt., 125. 

Stiegel, Henry William, glass 
maker, advertisement of, 94-95; 
store of, 95. 

Still, John, barber and peruke- 
maker, 325. 

Stills. See Distilleries. 

Stirling, William Alexander, Earl 
of, proprietor of Hibernia Fur- 
nace, 211 ; house of, 247. 

Stites, John, looking glasses and 
carpets sold by, 133-134. 

Stocker, John, of North Hemp- 
stead, shipwright, 291. 

Stocking manufactory, in Mary- 
land, 329 ; stocking-weaver, 257. 

Stockings, made in N. Y., 249, 253, 
257; made in America, 329, 332; 



home-knit, 260, 260-261; im- 
ported, 264, 265; kinds of, 257, 
264; silk, 199, 253, 257, 282, 284, 
285; mending of, 253, 275, 325- 
326; worn, 323, 326, 332; worn by 
servants, 335-347. 

Stoddard, William, of Oyster Bay, 
254. 

Stone & Price, cloth importers, 270. 

Stone carver, 230. 

Stone cutters, advertisements of, 
228-232. 

Stonehouse, , of Groves & 

Stonehouse, 89. 

Stones, from Hyde Park, 186 ; from 
New Jersey, 229, 231 ; for build- 
ing, 179, 186, 187; for graves and 
tombs, 186, 228, 229, 230; for 
hearths, 186, 229, 230; for street 
paving, 186 ; grindstones, 78, 106 ; 
millstones, 78, 190-191, 209, 396. 
See also Marble. 

Stoneware (pottery). See under 
China and Pottery. 

Stoutenburgh, Isaac, 295. 

Stoutenburgh, Isaac, Jr., 295. 

Stoutenburgh, Jacobus, overseer of 
fire-engines, 300. 

Stoutenburgh, Tobias, deceased, 
estate of, 61-62. 

Stoutenburgh, Tobias (Jr.), gold- 
smith, 62. 

Stoves, 203, 204, 214, 220, 225; 
Bath, 23(); Pennsylvania, and 
fireplaces, 123, 169, 170-171; 
brickwork for, 188, 191; grates 
for, 201, 214, 230; stove-grate 
warehouse, 114, 396; for ships, 
204, 214; brushes for polishing, 
293. 

Strachan, Catharine, widow of 
James Strachan, 129. 

Strachan, James, carver and gilder, 
128-129; deceased, 129; widow 
of, 129. 

Strange [Sir Robert], engravings 
of, for sale, 14-15, 16, 132. 

Street lamps, 353. 

Street paver, 186. 

Streets (New York City), list of, 
on Bradford map, 17-18; shown 
on Duyckinck map, 21; paving 
stones for, 186; lamps in, 353- 
354; water-pipes to be laid in, 
319-320. 

Streets and Squares (New York 
City) : 
Batteaux, 7, 55, 86, 238, 361; 



442 



INDEX 



Streets and Squares {cont.) : 

Bayard, 4, 5, 42, 43, 57, 97, 138, 
194, 223, 295, 369; Duke St., 
commonly called Bayard's, 
245; 

Beaver, 3, 4, 6, 18, 23, 30, 114, 
119, 141, 196, 222, 244, 245, 286, 
299, 300, 332, 369; 

Beekman, 18, 66, 111, 221, 254; 
commonly called Chapel St., 
Ill; Chappel St. called, 366; 

Bowery, The, 179, 388; Bowery 
Lane, 321, 389; 

Bowling Green, 12, 131, 132, 198, 
255, 328, 360, 369; 

Bridge, 17, 30, 138, 191, 281 ; 

Broad, 2, 6, 11, 17, 41, 51, 69, 
112, 115, 117, 122, 126, 134, 135, 
247, 255, 275, 279, 288, 297, 305, 
319, 324, 326, 330, 348, 349, 357, 
368,369; 

Broadway, 12, 13, 17, 25, 34, 44, 
50, 51, 61, 78, 84, 110, 128, 140, 
155, 176, 205, 206, 256, 270, 282, 
289, 295, 304, 306, 328, 342, 359, 
360, 361, 363, 365, 367, 370, 383, 
387; Great George St., 51, 112, 
137, 256, 357; 

Burgers Path, 264; 

Carman, 97; 

Carter's, 282 ; 

Chapel, 61, 111, 114, 229, 261, 269, 
282, 293, 297, 298, 393; Beek- 
man St. called, 111; called 
Beekman St., 366; 

Chatham, 106; 

Cherry, 17, 173; 

Commons, The, 169, 172; 

Cortlandt, 82, 134, 277; 

Crown, 70, 353, 380; 

Depeyster's, 370; 

Division, 162, 179; 

Division, Partition St. formerly 
called, 251; 

Dock, 17, 22, 29, 43, 48, 56, 80, 
90, 100, 102, 103, 128, 159, 244; 

Dover, 185; 

Duke, 17, 164, 194, 199, 245, 264, 
312, 318, 356; commonly called 
Bayard's St., 245; 

Elbow, 54, 73; 

Fair (Fare), 18, 65, 125, 163; 

Ferry, 317; 

Fields, The, 38, 39, 178; 

Fincher's Alley, 197; 

Flattenbarrack, 18; Flattenbar- 
rack Hill, 110, 122, 135, 299, 
367; 



Streets and Squares (cont.) : 

Fly, 251; 

French Church, 96, 295; 

Gold, 18, 284; 

Great George, 51, 112, 137, 256, 
357; 

Hanover Square, 11, 16, 17, 23, 
41, 48, 62-63, 64, 65, 91, 101, 
109, 124; 132, 135, 137-138, 148, 
157, 159, 160, 163, 165, 199, 204, 
205, 209, 223, 246, 265, 266, 267, 
269; 

Horse-and-Cart, 116, 255, 276, 
297, 318, 372; William St. 
called, 73; 

John, 18,73, 192; 

King, 7, 8, 17, 53, 54, 68, 81, 125, 
280, 285, 360, 372; 

King George, 187; 

Lairy's (Leary's), 295; 

Little Dock, 27, 111, 115, 296, 
314; 

Little Queen, 17, 112, 140, 173, 
190; 

Maiden Lane, 3, 9, 18, 30, 32, 33, 
35, 63, 67, 117, 119, 120, 195, 
197, 225, 269, 283, 285, 293, 295, 
311, 352, 355 

Marketfield, 198, 374; commonly 
called Petticoat Lane, 374; 

Moravian Church, 276; 

Mulberry, 249; 

Nassau, 18, 73, 172, 286; 

New, 11, 18, 70, 118, 350; 

New Dutch, 295; 

New Dutch Church, 1, 311; 

Old Dutch Church, 368; 

Oswego, 348; 

Partition, formerly called Di- 
vision St., 251 ; 

Pearl, 17, 52, 299; 

Petticoat Lane, 177, 374; Mar- 
ketfield St. commonly called. 
374; 

Prince (Princes), 17, 41, 112, 281, 
308, 309; 

Queen, 8, 17, 22, 32, 44, 48, 58, 

60, 104, 109, 120, 137, 147, 156, 
182, 200, 206, 224, 225, 234, 235, 
242, 249, 251, 366, 370; 

Roosevelt, 351 ; 

Rosemary Lane, 325; 

Rotten Row (Hunter's Key), 40, 

61, 62, 70, 144, 161, 246, 247; 
Hunter's Key, 13, 18, 120, 131, 
165, 205, 230, 322; 

Sloat (Sloot, Slote), The, 7, 62, 
187, 201, 294, 351, 352, 368; 



INDEX 



443 



Streets and Squares (cont.) : 
Smith, 12, 16, 17, 18, 55, 76, 81, 
96, 103, 160, 201, 206, 279, 295, 
307, 330; 
Spring Garden, 62; commonly 

called Chatham St., 106; 
Stone, 17, 50, 91, 134, 173, 176, 

177, 238, 257, 316; 
Thames, 59; 
Van Gelder's Alley, 50; 
Wall, 17, 50, 68, 72, 86, 88, 89, 
103, 107, 109, 123, 126, 128, 135, 
135-136, 136, 140, 148, 203, 204, 
253, 271, 306, 315, 318, 350, 363; 
Warren, 86; 

Water, 13, 185, 228, 253, 256, 257; 
William, 18, 74, 116, 254; called 

Horse-and-Cart St., 73 ; 
Wynkoop Street, 111. 

Stucco work, 179, 187. 

Stuyvesant [Nicholas William], 
vendue house of, 149. 

Sufifolk Co., L. I., 263. 

Sugar, 88, 89, 91, 106, 183, 212, 219, 
222, 296, 298, 316, 380; sugar 
candy, 316; sugar hammers, 117. 

Sugar-houses and sugar-works, in 
N. Y. City, 186, 316, 351; indi- 
cated on N. Y. City map, 21; 
boilers for, 214; brick for, 189; 
iron bars for, 210; fire clay for 
West Indian, 189. 

Sullivan, Cornelius, 340. 

Surgeons and Physicians, adver- 
tisements of, 305, 308-309, 316; 
mentioned, 54, 106, 126; bleed- 
ing, 316; inoculation, 305; den- 
tists, 126, 299, 316; teeth ex- 
tracted, 200, 299; midwife, 308; 
hospitals, 331 ; books on surgery, 
316. See also Medicines. 

Surgical instruments and appli- 
ances, surgeons' and doctors' in- 
struments, 198, 200, 201, 202, 203, 
205, 316 ; braces and trusses, 198, 
200, 205, 323 ; bandages for rup- 
tures, 205; leg-splints, 315. See 
also Medicines. 

Surveyors, 7, 25, 26-27, 179-181, 
302; instruments for, 131, 154, 
307; teacher of surveying, 310- 
311; N. Y. City Surveyor, 181; 
Surveyor-General of Pennsyl- 
vania, 22. 

Sussex Co., N. J., 39. 

Sutton, , inoculation by, 305. 

Swigard, Peter, cholocate-maker, 
295; deceased, 351. 



Sword-balancers, 289, 290. 

Sword-makers, 31, 35. 

Swords, 31, 35, 37, 59, 75, 82; 
mended. 58; polished, 201; 
blades for, 36, 201; hilts gilded, 
160; sword-canes, 199; sword- 
belts, 35, 37; sword-knots, 150, 
227, 280, 281. 

Swordsmanship, teachers of, 299, 
369. 

Syberberg, Christian, watch maker, 
162-163. 



Tables. See under Furnitm-e. 

Tailors, advertisements of, 120, 
269, 271, 275-276, 333-334; prices 
charged by, 333; shears and 
thimbles for, 199, 201, 312; men- 
tioned, 244; breeches-makers, 58, 
112, 137, 303, 328, 333, 367, 396. 

Tallow, 294, 317. See also Candles. 

Tallow-chandlers, 7, 188, 238, 294. 
See also Chandlers. 

Tankards, 195; pewter, 100, 102, 
103, 195; silver, 29, 30, 31, 33, 36, 
44, 54, 55, 57, 58, 60, 63, 75, 76, 
77, 79, 80, 81, 82. 

Tanner and currier, 317; leather 
dresser, 13, 396. 

Tannery, 317. 

Tanton (Taunton) Forge (Burling- 
ton Co.), N. J., 218-219. 

Tatley. See Tetley. 

Tavern-keepers, 13, 25, 30, 37 note, 
62, 63, 64, 93 note, 112, 122, 128, 
155, 176, 177, 178, 186, 289, 304, 
306, 342, 390. 

Taverns in New York City: 
Barden's (Edward), 37 note, 178; 
Bolton & Sigell's, 128; 
Bulls' Head, 321, 389; 
Burns's (George), 25, 342; 
Cart and Horse, 113; 
City Arms, 387; 

Coffee House, 8, 36, 115, 120, 150, 
151, 168, 175, 201, 205, 210, 244, 
247,253,256,257,292,305; 
Corner House in the Fields, 178 ; 
Cox's (John), 177; 
Duke of York's Head, 112; 
Edinburgh Castle, 79; 
Exchange Coffee House, 300; 
Fighting Cocks Inn, 63, 300, 323; 
Gentleman's Coffee House, 109, 

113; 
Glass House, 93 note, 139-140; 
Green Dragon, 372; 



444 



INDEX 



Taverns in New York City (cont) : 
Hull's (Robert), 13, 112, 155, 

289, 304; 
King's Arms, 109, 277, 329; 
King's Head, 254; 
Lepper's (Thomas), 93 note, 

390; 
Merchants' Coffee House, 7, 8, 
12, 13, 37, 38, 79, 93 note, 138, 
148, 156, 157, 165, 173, 176, 198, 
230, 333, 363; 
New Coffee House, 307; 
Newfoundland, 93 note; 
New York Arms, 140, 304, 306; 
Province Arms, 109, 359; 
Scandaret's Beer and Oyster 

House, 64; 
Sign of the 
Black Horse, 244; 
Crown, 73; 

Crown and Thistle, 138; 
Dish of Fry'd Oysters, 56; 
Dolphin, 382, 389; 
Dove, 44; 

Freemason's Arms, 176; 
Orange Tree, 249-250; 
Prince of Orange, 354; 
Three Pidgeons, 320; 
Vauxhall Gardens, 390-391, 391- 
392; described, 178. 
Taverns (outside of New York); 
London Coffee House, Philadel- 
phia, 94 ; Whitehall Tavern, New 
Brunswick, 71. 

Taylor, , hatter, 292. 

Taylor, John, brass-founder, house 

of, 197. 
Taylor, John, upholsterer, Glass- 
house tavern opened by, 93 note, 
139; advertisements of, 139-140; 
son of an auctioneer, 140. 
Taj'lor, Moses, brazier, silver bowl 
lost by, 75; advertisement of, 
197. 
Tea, Mr., clown, 313, 314. 
Tea, 88, 178, 220, 296, 391; use of 
discontinued, 261 ; tea-canister, 
77; tea chests, 119. 
Teachers. See Schools. 
Teapots, 195; china, 87, 89, 90; 
pewter, 100, 102, 103; silver, 32, 
33, 42, 54, 57, 59, 75, 76; handles 
for, 368. 
Tea-water pumps, 84, 173, 319. 
Teeth, care of. See Dentists. 
Telescopes, 97, 307; spy glasses, 

96 
Templeton & Stewart, 274, 309. 



Ten Brook, , of Stanton & Ten 

Brook, timber yard, 183-184. 

Ten Eyck, Jacob C, Judge, men- 
tioned, xvii, footnote. 

Tennent, Rev. William, of Free- 
hold, N. J., 311. 

Tent makers, 134, 137, 138, 140, 
141. 

Tents and marquees, 134, 137, 138- 
139, 140, 141. 

Tetley (Tatley), William Birchall, 
dancing master and painter, 6- 
7. 

Textiles, of American manufac- 
ture, 249, 252-253, 257-260, 262, 
267-269; imported, 136, 264-267, 
269, 270-275. See aho Cotton; 
Linen; Silk; Wool. 

Thacher's Mills, Norwalk, Conn., 
50. 

Theatres, in New York City, 122, 
286, 299, 382; in Charleston, S. 
C, 287; foot stoves in, 122. See 
also Amusements. 

Thimbles, 47, 117, 199, 200. 

Thody, Col. [Michael], 11. 

Thomas, H., watch maker, 152. 

Thompson, , saddler, partner 

of Halsted, 363-364. 

Thompson (Thomson), , sad- 
dler, partner of Selby, 201, 364. 

Thompson, James, house of, 315. 

Thompson, William, clock maker, 
163. 

Thomson (Thompson), , sad- 
dler, partner of Selby, 201, 364. 

Thorn, Stephen, of Hempstead, 
291. 

Thorne, William, tailor, 333-334. 

Throne, A., music publisher, 372. 

Thurman, , house of, 70. 

Thurman, John, Jr., pewter ad- 
vertised by, 107. 

Thurman, Ralph, lime advertised 
by, 187, 188. 

Tiedeman, Joseph, painter, 351. 

Tiles, landscape and Scripture, 90; 
for chimneys and hearths, 90, 
189, 224; glazed, 186, 191; for 
roofs, 177, 187; pantile, 84, 191. 

Tillet, [Thomas], ship captain, 
135. 

Tilou, William, turner and chair- 
maker, 117-118. 

Tilyou, Peter, Sen., chair-maker, 
deposition of son of, 118. 

Tilyou, Vincent, deposition of, 
about his father, 118. 



INDEX 



445 



Tilyou, Mrs. Vincent, deposition 
of, about her father-in-law, 
118. 

Tingley, Capt., privateer, 344. 

Tingley, Samuel, goldsmith and 
silversmith, 62. 

Tinmen, advertisements of, 204, 
205; runaway, 205; wanted, 206; 
tinners' tools, 201; tin-plate 
worker, 204. 

Tinware, 200, 204, 205, 294; tin- 
ning for copper utensils, 226. 

Tittle, Edward, silver tankard of, 
76. 

Tobacco, 315, 317, 318; engines, 
172, 201; knives, 201; sieves, 
117; manufactories, 318; clay for 
pipes, 317. See also Snuff; 
Snuff-boxes. 

Tobacconists, advertisements of, 
315, 317-318; paper for, 238; 
marked papers of, 317, 318. 

Todd, -, house of, 74. 

Tomb-stones, 186, 228, 229, 230. 

Tool makers, 162. 

Tools, 47, 53, 77, 102, 117, 196, 198, 
199, 200, 201, 204, 222-225, 252, 
254, 255, 290, 293, 294, 349, 350; 
for silversmiths, 47, 57, 59, 79- 
80, 196, 198; agricultural imple- 
ments, 220, 222, 223, 225. See 
also Instruments. 

Toothpick cases, 53, 77, 117. 

Toothpowder, 59, 298. 

Topographical features. New York 
City: Beekman's Swamp, 61; 
The Commons, 169, 172; The 
Fields, 38, 39, 178; The Fresh 
Water (Collect Pond), 104, 169, 
237, 249, 258, 301; Corlear's 
Hook, 26, 78; Cowfoot Hill, 139, 
297, 351; Cripplebush, 61; Flat- 
ten-Barrack Hill, 110, 122, 135, 
299, 367; Golden Hill, 8, 30, 31, 
56, 64, 73, 77, 112, 153, 192, 250, 
277-278, 283, 284, 320, 359, 365. 
372; Potbakers' Hill, 96, 203, 
206-207, 288, 297. 

Tony, John, house of, 193. 

Tortoise-shell, 37, 68, 71, 77, 83, 
199, 297, 307. 

Totten, Joseph, of Totten & Cross- 
field, ship builders, 292. 

Toveker, Noah, of Saybrook, 
Conn., shipwright, 291. 

Townsend [Peter, Jr.], iron works 
of, 215, 218; partner of Noble, 
215, 218. 



Toys, imported, 68, 103; ivory 
coimters, 117. See also Games. 

Traile, George, miller, 321-322. 

Treat, Dr., 315. 

Tredwell, Thomas Star, 47. 

Tremain, John, actor and cabinet- 
maker, 118-119. 

Trembly, , of Marsh & Trem- 
bly, 185. 

Trenton, N. J., 22, 81, 345. 

Trenton Forge (now Mercer Co.), 
N. J., 217. 

Trinity Church. See under 
Churches. 

Trippell, Jacob, maker of musical 
instruments, 366-367. 

Trotter, John, dancing master, 298- 
299. 

Troup, Capt., house of, 70. 

Tryon, William, Gov. of N. Y., 
coat of arms of, on two silver 
mugs, 81. 

Tucker, Mrs., widow, house of, 195. 

Turkey carpets, 126, 285; Turkey 
oil-stone, 47. 

Turner, , house of, 1. 

Turner, 117; tools for, 223. 

Turpentine, 291, 354-355. 

Turtle shell, 104, 297. 

Tuttle, John, silver stolen from, 
31-32. 

Umbrellas, 332, 334. 

Uniforms, hooks and eyes, for, 

254; spatterdashes, 331. 
Union Iron Works, Hunterdon Co., 

N. J., 219. 
Upholstered furniture, 134, 135, 

136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 142; 

needlework for furniture, 278. 
Upholsterers, advertisements of, 

134-142; mentioned, 93 note. 
Upholstery materials, 136, 139. 
Ustick, Henry, nail-maker, adver- 
tisement of, 206-207. 
Ustick, Thomas, teacher, 73. 
Ustick, William, silversmith's tools 

for sale by, 79-80; nail makers 

wanted by, 207. 
Utte, John, breeches-maker, 112. 

Valentine, , of Weeks & Valen- 
tine, of Middletown, 191. 

Valentine, David, proposed Trea^ 
tise on Weaving by, 263. 

Valentine, Thomas, gardener, 302- 



446 



INDEX 



Vallete, , house of, 275. 

Van Buren, Dr., house of, 285. 

Van Cortlandt, John, Sugar house 
of, 186. 

Van Cortlandt [Stephen], Alder- 
man, house of, 134, 172, 282; de- 
ceased, 134, 282. 

Van Cortlandt (Cortlandt), [Ste- 
phen], of Second River [Belle- 
ville], N. J., 61. 

Van Dam, Rip, advertisement of, 
222; deceased, 286. 

Vandenbergh (Vanderberg), Adam, 
367, 383. 

Vanderspiegel, Anne, widow, shop 
of, given to her son John, 
352. 

Vanderspiegel, John, son of Widow 
Anne Vanderspiegel, 352; mov- 
ing from N. Y., 352. 

Vandervoort, , house of, 56. 

Van Deventer, Barent, of Flat- 
bush, 340. 

Van De Water, Hendrick, gun- 
smith, house of, 41. 

Vandusen, Widow, house of, 369. 

Van Dyck, , hatter, shop of, 

145. 

Van Dyck, Abraham, 362. 

Van Dyck, Nicholas, cutler, 202. 

Van Dyke, , goldsmith, house 

of, 63. 

Van Dyke, Catherine, 334. 

Van Dyke (Van Dyck), Richard, 
silversmith and importer, men- 
tioned, xvii, footnote. 

Vanhook, Isaac, 144. 

Van Home, , pump of, 319. 

Van Home, , Major, deceased, 

182; house of, 290. 

Van Home, Abraham, importer, 
106. 

Van Home, Cornelius, merchant, 
servant of, 340. 

Van Home, Garret, house of, 
29. 

Van Home, Garret, Capt., house 
of, 265. 

Van Vleck, Abraham H., 5. 

Van Vleck, Henry, & Son, store of, 
5. 

Van Zandt, , house of, 253. 

Varnish, 25, 354, 355; varnishing, 
349, 350 ; of pictures, 7, 130. See 
also Japanning. 

Vassal, Richard, household fumi- 
ture of, 125-126. 

Vauxhall, 178, 390-391, 391-392. 



Vegetable garden, 178; seeds for, 

95, 105. 
Vegetables, split pease, 315; rice, 

88, 269, 316; turnips, 78; seeds 

for variety of, 95. 
Vehicles. See Coaches; Sleighs; 

Wagons. 
Vellum, 13, 28, 65, 243, 244, 269; 

parchment, 28, 238, 243, 244. 
Velvet, 53, 66, 265, 316, 326, 333, 

340, 342; cleaners and dyers of, 

281, 282, 283. 
Vendues. See Auctions. 
Venetian blinds, 139, 142. 

Verplank, , house of, 131. 

Vertue [George], engravings by, 

15. 
Vesey, Rev. [William], house of, 

266. 
Vessels. See Ships. 
Vesuvius Furnace, Newark, N. J., 

188, 189, 219-220. 
Virginia, maps of, 21-22, 26; men- 
tioned, 388; Williamsburg, 245. 
Vivares, [Frangois], engravings by, 

16, 132. 
Vogt, John, watch maker, 163- 

164. 



Waddel, John, 274. 

Waddell, Hugh, servant of, 336. 

Wages, 192, 262. 

Wagons and carts, 357, 359, 360; 
iron wheel-boxes for, 210, 213, 
214, 220, 222, 223, 224, 225; 
travelling-wagon, 362. 

Wainscotting, 177. 

Waldron & Gomel, house of, 120. 

Walker, James, wall paper im- 
ported by, 124. 

Wall, , actor and music 

teacher, 287, 370. 

Wallace, James, advertisement of, 
253. 

Wallace, John, cutler, advertise- 
ment of, 202-203. 

Wallace, John, servant of, 336. 

Wallace, Mary, mantua-maker, 
327. 

Wallace, Robert, joiner, advertise- 
ment of, 119; house of, 368. 

Waller, Capt., house of, 255. 

Wall hangings, 136, 138; leather, 
124; stuff, 134; wall paper 
(paper hangings), 123, 124, 134, 
136, 137, 138, 140, 142, 173, 237, 
316. 



INDEX 



447 



Wall Street. See under Streets 

and Squares. 
Walpole, Charles, instrument 

maker, 306. 
Walton, Mrs., house of, 319. 
Walton, William, house of, 182, 

249, 315, 327, 363, 371. 
Ward, Anthony, watch maker, 164. 
Ward, Uzal, advertisement of, for 

Newark store, 231. 
Ware, Thomas, Capt., house of, 66. 
Warming pans, 194, 195. 
Warren, Sir Peter, arms of, on 

stolen silver, 51; dock of late, 

93. 
Washington, , of Oyster Bay, 

dyer, 284. 
Watch-cases, 40, 43, 128, 144; en- 

gaver of, 9. 
Watch-chains, 37, 40, 71, 72, 77, 82, 

144, 147, 149, 150, 154, 157, 159, 
160, 163, 223, 301. 

Watches, 37, 57, 66, 71, 77, 79, 143, 

145, 146, 147, 149-163, 165, 166; 
crystals or glasses for, 34, 144, 

159, 161, 199, 223; keys for, 71, 
77, 80, 82, 144, 147, 150, 152, 159, 

160, 163, 223; springs for, 161, 
164, 223; watch work, 197; 
leather strings for, 163; silk 
strings for, 77, 82, 150, 160, 163. 

Watch-fobs. See Seals. 

Watchmakers, 43, 154, 164, 165, 
366, 387; advertisements of, 50- 
51, 143, 145-153, 155-166; tools 
for, 53, 162. 

Water colors, for sale, 25; instruc- 
tion in, 6-7. 

Water-engines, for removing water 
from mines, 182, 321. 

Waterman, , stable of, 304. 

Waters, , of Albany, 14. 

Waters, John, merchant, house of, 
48, 159. 

Water supply, proposed, for N. Y. 
City, 318-319; Colles's proposal 
for, accepted, 319-320; for fire 
extinguishing, 318-319, 320 ; 
water works, 301; for supplying 
ships, 319; reservoir, 319; logs 
for water-pipes, 320. See also 
Pumps and Wells. 

Watkins, Charles, 274. 

Watson, John, painter, 351. 

Watson & Murray, 255. 

Watt, James, bookbinder, 247-248. 

Watts, Isaac, Divine Songs . . . 
for the Use oj Children, 371. 



Watts, Hon. John, house of, 387. 

Wax-chandler, 294. See also 
Chandlers. 

Wax work, exhibited, 178, 389-392, 
393-394; taught, 275, 393. 

Wax work artist (Patience 
Wright), 391, 392-393. 

Weather vane, 169; on Presby- 
terian Church spire, 171. 

Weavers, wanted, 258, 260; em- 
ployed by Society for Promoting 
Arts, 259; wages of, 262; adver- 
tisement of, 263; brushes for, 
292, 293; reeds for, 255; looms, 
257, 262. 

Weaving, 257-262; proposed Trea- 
tise on, by Valentine, 263. See 
also Textiles. 

Webb, James, millstones made and 
imported by, 190-191, 396. 

Webster, John, convicted of steal- 
ing silver, 75. 

Weeks & Valentine, of Middle- 
town, 191. 

Weigh House, 376. 

Weights and measures, regulated 
by city sealer, 296; scales and 
weights, 82; brass weights, 197; 
scale beams and steel-yards, 203, 
226 ; lead weights, 220, 222. 

Wells, James, shoemaker, 330. 

Wells, Mrs., sister of Patience 
Wright, 391. 

Wells, Obadiah, dry goods store of, 
62; glass advertised by, 351, 
352; house of, 351; spinning 
and weaving promoted by, 249, 
250-251, 254, 259; mentioned, 
261. 

Wells, Richard, of Burlington, in- 
vention of, 362. 

Welsh, John, sexton, 229, 230. 

Wenman, Richard, upholsterer, 
140-141. 

Wessels, James, 125. 

Wessels, Mrs., house of, 191. 

West, Benjamin, student of, 1. 

Westchester County, 75. 

West Indies, 1, 116, 123, 219, 290, 
296; Barbados, 17, 175; Jamaica, 
123, 126, 296; St. Croix, 196 
note; Spanish, 237. 

Weston, Richard, bricklayer, 186- 
187. 

Wetherhead, John, art dealer, 7. 

Weyman, William, printer, maps 
sold by, 10, 11; printing office 
of, 238; stolen silver to be re- 



448 



INDEX 



turned to, as printer of N. Y. 

Gazette, 44-45. 
Whalebone, 320, 334; whalebone 

cutting, 56, 320; brickwork for 

whalebone boilers, 188. 
Whale oU, 220, 295. 
Wharves. See under Docks, Piers, 

and Slips. 
Wheels for vehicles, 320, 358, 359, 

361. 
Wheelwrights, 320, 321. 
Whip-maker, 321. 
Whipper, public, N. Y. City, 310. 
Whipping post, N. Y. City, 167. 
Whipple, George, watch lost by, 

154. 
Whips, 29, 321, 363, 364; maker of, 

321 
Whistles, 57. 
White, Mrs. Blanche, upholsterer, 

141-142. 
Whitefield, Rev. [George], Mrs. 

Wright's wax figure of, 391. 
Whitehall, 328, 355. 
Whitehall, Ferry Stairs, 227. 
Whitehall Slip, 87, 112, 296. 
Whitehouse, John, of Whitehouse 

& Reeve, jewellers, 73-74; part- 
nership of, dissolved, 74. 
Whitehouse & Reeve, jewellers, 

73-74; partnership of, dissolved, 

74. 
Whiteman (Witeman), Henry, 

button-maker, advertisements of, 

293-294; house of, 205. 
White metal, 86-87, 195, 346. 
Whitesmiths, advertisements of, 

198, 200-201, 203-207; wanted, 

35. 
Whitestone, L. I., potters' clay at, 

84, 317. 
Whitewashing, 187, 188; brushes 

for, 293 ; whiting for, 348. 
Whiting, 348, 355. 
Wholesale, goods sold at, 29, 30, 

67, 68, 91, 94, 95, 101, 103, 104, 

113, 199, 252, 264, 265, 267, 293, 

296, 297, 299, 309, 316, 328. 
Wicks, Joseph, of Huntington, 

346. 
Wigan, England, 267. 
Wig-makers (peruke-makers), 107, 

295, 297; advertisements of, 202, 

325, 332, 334, 396. 
Wigs, 53, 63, 325, 326, 326-327, 332, 

334, 335, 336, 339, 341, 342; cauls 

for, 195, 332; bags for, 325, 327. 

See also Hairdressing. 



Wiley, John, distillery of, 191. 

Wilkes, John, head and name of, 
decorating American sworda, 
35. 

Wilkins, Jacob, brazier, advertise- 
ments of, 197, 226. 

Wilks, , house of, 280. 

Will, Henry, pewterer, advertise- 
ments of, 104, 105; house of, 
104-105; removing to Albany, 
105. 

Will, John, pewterer, advertise- 
ments of, 105; mentioned, 92 
note. 

Willet, , of Wall St., 109. - 

Willet, Edward, tavernkeeper, 306. 

Willet, John, 274. 

Willet, Thomas, 274. 

Willet (Willett) & Pearsee, cabi- 
netmakers, 119, 120. 

Willett, Marinus, vendue store of, 
120; house of, 120. 

Willett, Thomas Charles, 274. 

Williams, , 114. 

Williams, , snuff maker, 315. 

Williams, Benjamin, beer bottled 
by, 290-291. 

Williams, Obadiah, mills of, 266. 

Williams, Rice, servant of, 339._ 

Williams, Thomas, of Norwich, 
Conn., 85. 

Williams, William, painter, 7. 

Williamsburg, Va., 245. 

Williamson, George, fkx-dresser, 
251; advertisement of, 251. 

Willson. See also Wilson. 

Willson, Mrs., house of, 376. 

Willson, Abraham, furrier, 111. 

Willson, James, dyer, house of, 282. 

Willson, William, 381. 

Wilmot, , house of, 368. 

Wilmot, Henry, advertisements of, 
91, 269. 

Wilson. See also Willson. 

Wilson, Abraham, peruke-maker, 
107. 

Wilson, James, stone cutter, ser- 
vant of, 232; convicted and 
hanged, 232 note. 

Wilson, Mrs. Jane, 285. 

Wilson, Stewart, of Albany, book- 
binder and bookseller, advertise- 
ment of, 248. 

Wilson, Willam, importer, 275. 

Windmills, 179, 321. 

Window bars, iron, 222. 

Window curtains, 134, 135, 137, 
138, 139, 141, 142, 276, 285; tas- 



INDEX 



449 



sels for, 136; Venetian blinds, 
139, 142. 

Window glass, 21, 95, 97, 130, 348- 
355. 

Windsor chair makers, 110, 112, 
115, 395. 

Windsor chairs, 110, 112-115, 123, 
125. 

Windsor fire-bricks, 189. 

Wine, 296, 306; wine-glasses, 90, 
91, 95, 97, 98, 99, 297, 355; pew- 
ter wine measures, 100, 102; de- 
canters, 86, 90, 95-99, 297, 355. 

Wine merchant, 370. 

Winter, , singing school of, 

370. 

Wire, 196, 226, 256, 257. 

Wiscasset, Maine. See Pownal- 
boro, 184. 

Wistar, Caspar, of Philadelphia, 
button business of, continued by 
son Richard, 96; former appren- 
tice of, 293. 

Wistar, Caspar, glass-seller and dis- 
tiller, 355. 

Wistar, Richard, of Philadelphia, 
glass maker and button maker, 
95-96; father's business contin- 
ued by, 96. 

Witeman, Henry. See Whiteman. 

Witts, , house of, 254. 

Woffington, Peg, wax eflfigy of, 390. 

Wolhaupter ( Woolhaupter ) , 

David, maker of musical instru- 
ments, 367. 

Wolhaupter, Gottlieb, maker of 
musical instruments, 367-368. 

Wollin, Elias, surgeon, 316. 

Women, advertisements of busi- 
ness and professional, 96, 137, 
141-142, 271, 272, 275, 276, 277, 
278-281, 282, 285, 288, 308, 311, 
318, 324-325, 325-326, 327, 332, 
352; spinning and weaving by, 
258, 259, 260, 263; masks for, 
325; fans, 34, 86, 144, 265; clogs 
for, 328; galoshes for, 329; etuis 
for, 37, 53, 150; smelling bottles, 
37, 53, 98, 117. See also Cos- 
metics; Dress; Hairdressing ; 
Jewelry; Needlework; Stays, etc. 

Wood. See abo Woods. 

Wood, Abiel, & Co., of Maine, 184. 

Wood, John, of Philadelphia, 
watch maker, 164. 

Wood, John, goldsmith and silver- 
smith, 63-64; advertisement of, 
63-64. 



Wood, Robert, of Philadelphia; 
parchment made by, 238. 

Wood, for charcoal, 209; lumber 
for sale, 182, 183-185; inspection 
of lumber, 184 ; beech-wood, 367 ; 
box-wood, 367; cedar, 182, 183, 
185; ebony, 156, 199; logwood, 
95; mahogany, 82, 109, 111, 116, 
117, 120, 122, 124, 125, 126, 127, 
132, 139, 145, 155, 156, 161, 168, 
183, 184, 185, 349, 361, 367; 
maple, 172; oak, 92, 184, 185; 
olive, 130; pine, 125, 182, 183, 
185, 320; redwood, 95, 199; wal- 
nut, 109, 121, 127, 130, 161; hard 
wood, 117. 

Woodbridge, N. J., 255, 259. 

Wood carvers. See Carvers. 

Wood-cutters, 211, 217, 218, 219. 

Woodham, [Charles Somerest], 
singer, 286. 

Woodruff, Joseph, painter, de- 
ceased, 352. 

Woods. See also Wood. 

Woods, John, attorney, silver 
stolen from, 60. 

Woods, John, weaver, advertise- 
ments of, 258, 261. 

Woodward, John, textiles sold by, 
270; importer, 275. 

Wool, Jeremiah, silversmith, xvii, 
footnote. 

Wool, 268. 

Wool cards, 195, 199, 254, 255, 262, 
267; wire for, 256, 257; wool 
combs, 199, 262. 

Woolen cloth and yarn, made in 
N. Y., 249, 258, 261, 268, 269; 
made elsewhere in America, 259, 

260, 262, 263, 268, 269; estimate 
of cost and production of wool 
manufactory in Delaware, 261- 
262; equipment and workmen 
necessary for, 262; skilled man- 
ufacturer of, 263 ; fabrics for sale, 
264-267, 269-276; imported, 264- 
266, 270-275; cleaners and dyers 
of, 281-285; fulling-mills for, 

261, 262, 266, 269, 321; fullers' 
equipment, 101, 202, 214, 293; 
cloth for liveries, 120; wearing 
apparel made of, 257, 270, 323, 
324, 326, 329. 334-347; worsted 
embroidery, 276, 277, 278; broad- 
cloth, 264, 265, 267, 269, 270, 281, 
282, 324, 336, 345; serge, 262, 265, 
268, 269, 270; shalloon, 265, 267, 
268, 284. 



450 



INDEX 



WooUett (Wollet), [William], en- 
gravings by, 16, 132. 

Woolls, [Stephen], actor and 
singer, 287. 

Wooly, John, of Hempstead, 
337 

Worsted, 262, 263; caps of, 323, 
339; stockings of, 326, 339, 342, 
344, 346; embroidery with, 276, 
277, 278. See also Wool. 

Wotses, Frederick, painter and 
glazier, deceased, 352. 

Wright, Daniel, cleaner, 281. 

Wright, John, watch maker, ad- 
vertisements of, 164-165; de- 
ceased, 165. 

Wright, Mrs. [Patience Lovell], 
modeler in wax, 391, 392-393. 

Wright, William, 275. 

Wright & M'AUister, spinning- 
wheel makers, 256. 

Wrisberg, [Daniel], proprietor of 
Mount Hope Iron Works, 213. 

Wyatt, James, wax works shown 
by, 389-390. 

WyTokoop, Benjamin, saddler, 364. 

Wynkoop, Cornelius, saddler, 364. 



Yard, William, ironworks for sale 

by, 209. 
Yam, 249, 260, 261, 263, 284. 
Yates, , agent of American Co. 

iron works, 207 note. 



Yates, Thomas, brass-founder, 197- 
198. 

Yearsley, , cleaner and dyer, 

284-285. 

Yeoman, James, watch maker, ad- 
vertisements of, 165-166; notice 
of death of, 166. 

York, Pa., 94. 

Yorkshire, England, 272. 

Youle, James, cutler, of Bailey & 
Youle, 198-199; illustrated ad- 
vertisement of, listed, 395. 

Young, Peter, pewterer, 106. 



Zane, John, of N. J., steel manu- 
facturer, 217. 

Zantzinger, Paul, of Lancaster, Pa., 
94. 

Zedtwitz, , chimney-sweeping 

business of, 295. 

Zedtwitz, Herman, violin teacher, 
370-371. 

Zenger, John Peter, printer, books 
printed by, 241; Narrative of 
the Case and Tryal of, 241; 
Remarks on the trial of, 241 ; de- 
ceased, 242; auction of printing 
press of, 242; house of, 242, 244, 
257; as printer of A^. Y. Weekly 
Journal, stolen goods to be re- 
turned to, 60, 74-75; letter to, 
as printer, 191-192; book adver- 
tised by, 102.