Google This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project to make the world's books discoverable online. It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the publisher to a library and finally to you. Usage guidelines Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. We also ask that you: + Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes. + Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. + Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. + Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. About Google Book Search Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web at |http: //books .google .com/I 1 f -^ so f 1 (0 L r X IB K c r, 7 iW7l.« l^arbarli College l.ibrar5 FROM » \ SERMON OCCASIOIfED BY THE DEATH OF MRS. JANE R. ADAMS, WHO DIED AT CASTINE, M*, January Ith^ 1834. By WOOSTER PARKER, Taster of the Trinitarian Church in Castings PUBLISHED BY REdUEST, js Printed by James BvrtoKi Jr» 1834. y f -.1 •t^%# I • * ' ^- % •* • ^ ^ » • . . . • ^ 8SUBia®If 1st Cor. 15: 57. ^^But'tJianksbe to God, which giveth us the victory through otof Lord Jesus Christ,*^ Shortsighted as we are, and little else as we know of scenes through which futurity will carry us, the certainty and universal- ity of temporal death are truths which we have not yet to learn* These are truths, written out in the epitaphs of all the buried sons of time — proclaimed by the death of all past generations— ( by the tomb-stones in our grave-yards — ^and by the sighs of dearest friends, left sorrowing behind. The unexpected and much lamei^ted death of a dear neighbor and friend, an affectionate wife and devoted mother, echoes back to us from her silent resting place the fearful truth, "Death bath passed upon all men for that all have sinned." Neither the cares of a family, nor the strong attachment of friends always happy in her society, nor the tenderest and strongest ties of a& fection which bound her to her partner, not the love, strong idmost as of life, which she bore to her children, conld. retain her spirit longer on earth. God called her away. She nursed her helples9 infant, yet unconscious of its loss, and turned (iway bet bead and died. By nature's dim light, we can trace a fellow mortal only to that grave. To unaided reason, all beyond is darkness, uncertainty and gloom. Here we stand, in dread and wonder, but cannot tell the destiny of the soul. But by the revelation which God bfts given us, and especially by the Gospel of his Son, bringing life aud immortality more clearly to light, its moral eharactef may be known, and its eternal existence traced. The soul of man is too noble to sink back into oblivion with the frail bodyi to which it has given usefulness and dignity. The narrow houfo of the dead cannot bold the immortal spirit; death camiot bind W iwyi, -a ^Rxbtai College l.ibrai:i; 'h'Uiu/^fiM^.CjU/s^Stlf.... "}^^ 1 iie kneels wiih^ broken hftart to praj, wUI witnera faiaisonscioiMi riotory oyer sin, his confident faith, his triumphant hope. And when de^th shall set him free from this vile world, vtcton* ous over death and sin^ he will rise to a mansion eternal in the skies. His victory is now complete. ** Thanks be to God, wko giveth this victory/' It is all of God. Victory over death and the grave may b« given, while thepow* er of sin is not destroyed. An immortality of sin and ipisQry maj be given ; for some shall he raised '* to shame and everlasting contempt ;" raised to go away *^ into everlasting punishment." But some shall rise " to everlasting life ;" to complete an everlast-' ing victory over sin. On such the second death hath no po^er* Their's is victory over all the powers of darkness. The Body is now raised, a spiritual body, in power and glory. It is made like unto Christ's glorious body* All its faculties are purified and quickened. Its corruption is changed to incerruption. Neither death nor sin has any more dominion over it. The soul is te* deemed from all its adversaries ; its clogs are taken off; its fet-» ters are broken ; and now It rises in eternal triumph at God's dght hand, to shine and sing before the throne forever* II. How is this victory given I It is not gained by man himself. He cannot add a moment ta bis life. He cannot enter into covenant or contend with death* He cannot stay the resistless blow. As well may he think to si* lence the thunder or chain the lightning of heaven, as to stay, for a moment, death's awfiil summons. The bounds of bis life are set, that he cannot pass them. Nor has he power, when 4eatb has laid bim in the dust, to bring to life his mortal body, and clothe it with glorj and immor*^ tality. This power belongeth unto God. Nor can he wash out the deep stain, of sin from his souly *^ gain a spiritual conquest. The law which he has broken, is holy, just and good ; its penal^ is righteous and eternal* And if^ from a given time to the day. of his death, he should yiald a per* feet obedience to that law, still, all his former transgressions must lie against bim uncancelled, unpardoned. He owes perfect olfir dience in future^ God y^<|uire8 9Y^rj power 9f body a^ ^* JS. M 8 mind for tbd futare, and forever. He, then, can do nothing by vraj of obedience to make amends for past transgressions. And he can make no ofering to atone for his sins. *^ The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof." His body and bis Bonl are God's. Neither his tears nor his blood can wash hicr guilt away. The demands of the law are holy and just ; his sins were guilty violations of that law, and they must stand against him. No reason can be urged why they should not rest upon bim, or why he should not be held forever responsible and guilty for the full amount of his sin. And O, what is the full amount ? That law requires him to love God with ctll his heart; to do all to his glory; and declares, ^' Cursed is every one that <)ontinueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them." Now in view of that law, what is the amount of the sinner's guilt ? Let him apply it to liimself ; let him trace out and number all his sinful thoughts and affections, his vain wordsi and wrong acts, for a single hour — and then for a day — and then for a week— and then for a month, and a year-*— and then for his life ; — and then let him say if his sins are not innumerable ! Let him say if his violations of that law are not like the stars of heav- en, or the sands on the ocean shore ! But this law which condemns him, and binds upon him this world of iniquity, must stand. It is righteous — ^it is unchangeable and eternal. It is the word of Jehovah. And if, in a single instance, it shall fail to be fulfilled and honored, the authority of Jehovah is annulled ; his oath is forfeited ; his kingdom is shaken ; the pillars of heaven must tremble ; the throne of God must fall. Heaven and earth may pass away, but the word of God cannot fail. His holy and violated law must stand forever. To what then, can the dying sinner^trust ? That law cuts him off from all hope, and consigns him to inevitable ruin. Its penalty is right- eous and his sentence is just. The last ray of hope is extinguish- ed. He stands condemned and doomed, and waits for the ter« rors of the law to thunder upon him. But stay ; a voice from heaven ! a voice of love ! a Saviour •peaks ! From eternity he had dwelt in the bosom of the Father ; he knew the stability of his throne — the justice and glory of his 9 « law ; but he felt for the sinner's woes. « Lo t c^me to do thy will,^ O God. I will magnify that law and make it honorable; I will sustain its aothorit j, and show its glory, and make it consistent fot thee to pardon the penitent ; I will make myself a sacrifice for the sins of the world, that whosoever belie veth in me might iiot per-» ish, but have everlasting life.* He came. He was the Lord from heaven. He took upon him the nature of the sinner, and was *' God manifest in the flesh.'* He had no sufferings to en** dure for himself; for he was spotless as Jehovah. But he cheer-* fully took upon him suAerings which, in view of the divine law^ were an equivalent for the merited destruction of sinners. He endured the unutterable agonies of Gethsemane, — the hidings of his Father's face, and the pangs of death on the cross, — and when he died, he cried aloud, *^It is finished^** He rose from the dead, and uttered his voice again, ** He that believeth shall 5e saved ;^* and ascended to the right hand of the Majesty on high. There he ever lives, enthroned in glory, a Mediator, a Prince, u Saviour, a God, to give repentance and remission of sins, and to give at the last great day, to all his faithful followers, an abundant and triumphant entrance into his everlasting kingdom. He rose from the dead, and disarmed death of its sting, and the grave of its victory. He was made a quickening spirit ; and ^' the hour is coming in the which all that are in their graves shall hear his voice, and shall come forth ; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life ; and they that have done evil, unto the res- urrection of damnation." He made a vicarious atonement for sin ; and by him, all who believe are justified from all things, from which they could not be justified by the law. Through him, God can consistently forgive the penitent transgressor : — through him, the offers of life are made to all ; through him, the Holy Spirit is sent down from heaven to change these vile hearts of ours, to sanctify the soul, and fit it for heaven. — ^Thus is the victory given, through our Lord Jesus Christ. It is all through him ; victory over death and the grave by the power of his resurrection ; victory over the reigning power of sin by his atoning blood. And he wilLsit on the throne, and in the last great judgment 2 M 10 day, will say to bis children, <* Come ye blessed of niy Fatheri in* herit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of th« world ;" and to his enemies, ** Depart, ye cursed.'* He will sep- arate the righteous from among the wicked, and take them to his everlasting kingdom. And in heaven, long as Jesus shall live and reign the light and glory of the place, so long shall they— - plucked as brands from everlasting burnings — ^washed from AM their sios in his blood — and justified before the Father and the holy angels in his name — shout and siog, " Thanks be unto Gody who giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ." — ** Worthy is the Lamb that was slain, — for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood." UL To whom is this victory given 1 Victory over temporal death, or an immortality, is given to all *«-for all are immortal. But victory over sin and eternal death ia not given to all. It is not given to the immoral, the profane, the scoffing, who die with this character ; for sin manifestly gain* inore and more victory over them* They wax worse and worse. They love sin — they contemn God — ^they neglect his word*-*-tbe7 turn their feet from the Sanctuary — they never bow th^ kpee in prayer,-T*and shall they gain eternal conquest over sin 1 Shall they be delivered from the bondage of Satan, while they love hi« service ? Is this victory to be gained by yielding the body and the soul; the willing servants of sin 1 Nor is it given to those who trust to any thing for it, but the Lord Jesus Christ. What can the law do fpr the condemned ? Can that immutable and holy law of God, which sinks the sinner £ot^ ever under the weight of his unnumbered transgressiona, give him victory oyer its righteous penalty 1 It slays him ; it binds upon him all his sins, and weighs him down in darkness and despair ; and can he hope front this source 1 Or can any finite being ex- piate his guilt, and free him from its tremendous woes 1 What finite being could make atonement for a WORLD ? Who but a Divine being is adequate to this infinite work ? What being, with attributes less than those of the true God, can do the works of a Saviour and a Mediator ? Who can raise a buried world f^om their graves 1 Who can change these natural bodies to spir- ifual ; tb^te ddtrttptible to incorruptible ; tbese mortal to iiKif&or« tal ? Wbo can give the forgiveness of sins, and victory over the second deatb t Wh<^ cisiiii raise the ^otil redeemed to mansions of etei-nal glory in heaven, but the Supreme God ? Are not these tfad peculiar prerogatives of Jehovah 1 But these are the offices of Jesus Christ. He gives the immortal victory over death and sin.' He is the author of eternal salvation unto all them thitt obey him. Said the Saviour, " I am the good Shepherd : — my sheep hear my voice, and I know them, aiid they follow me ; and I give utito them etemaJ life.** And What is the testimony of the dying Christian to the char<< acter of Christ ? His soul has been trashed in a Saviour's bloodf, and sanctified by the Holy Spirit ; and how does he' esteem thd Lord that bought him ! Did the dying Stephen*— being full o# THE Holy Ghost, and enjoying a bright vision of heaven, when he prayed *< Lord Jesus receive my spirit"— or did ever a ransom- ed sinner, when he was brought to the last moment of life; esteenl the Lord Jesus Christ as less than God t Did ever a dying saint, as he entered into a boundless and changeless eternity, look to the blood and the loye of Jesus as the foundation of his hope-^ did one ever commend his departing spirit into his hands, and rfeel a heavenly peace within, and die in holy joy and triumph-^ bdieVin^ him to be less than " the true God and eternal life ?"— « No, never. The true Christian rejoices in him, in this awful hour, as that glorious and infinite Being, who only hath immor- tality ; the blessed and only Potentate ; the King of kings and Lord of lord»; This victory is not given to any who have not ei^pefienced ^ ehange of heart. *' Except a man be born again, he cannot sed the kingdom of God.'* «* They that are in the flesh, cannot pfease God." Up to the time when the sinner is born again by the Ho>» fy Spirit, he is supremely in love with sin. And if his heart Js not changed, the current of his sinful affectfons will beet him' downward still. He never is victorious, till his hve of sin is over- eome. If he never is born again, be never is forgiven; hir sins will forever rest upon him and weigh him dowfl : consciouf guilt will burn in his bosom forever. 12 This glorious victory over sin and Satan is given to the true Christian. «' He that believeth shall he saved," said the Saviour ; *^ he that belteveth not shall he damned." *' But as many as reedved Atm, to them gave he power to hecome the sens of God ;" apd " if they are children, then heirs ; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ." Paul spoke of his " beloved brethren" when he said, << Thanks he unto God, which giveth us the vietory." It is only the true Christian, who has received the forgiveaess of sins. He only who has felt his guilt and ruin, and repented of his sin, has felt the blood of a Saviour applied to his heart to cleanse it from pollution^ He only who has felt that he was justly and utterly condemned by the law — -he only who has repented and receiv- ' ed Christ by faith, has ever felt a consciousness of pardon. None but such as have submitted unreservedly and joyfully to God gain a conquest over sin a^d hell. Such submission every true child of God has felt. He felt it when his hard heart was brokenr-* when he was born from above. Then he beheld the inexpressi- ble glories of a Saviour, and the burthen of his sins rolled from him. He has felt it oflen in seasons of co|I^Mftnion with God. — His closet has witnessed the melting of his heart for his wander«« ings, and witnessed often the beaming in of hght and peace from^ heaven upon the soul. This holy and joyful resignation to the will of God, the Christian feels, when he is laid on his dying bed ; and it is this, which enables him to die in peace. It gives him a holy and unshaken confidence in God. It makes him victorious over aU his enemies. It fills him with most glorious views of God and of the Saviour, and gives him a faith , by which he over- comes the world, and triumphs over death. He is able to trust bis body and his soul— rhis all for eternity, in the hands of God* The tenderest ties which bind him to creature objects are now sundered, and as he comes nearer and nearer to the hour of his departure, he gains more and still more clear and glorious views of the Saviour and the upper world. And when the pang of death is passed, he is carried into the blissful presence of the Sa* viour above. His pains are over — his sufferings are ended — ^his sins are washed away — ^his soul is set at liberty, and its capacity 18 for knowledge and hippiness inereased-^atid he stands witii all the ransomed around the throne in eternal victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. And there, the wonders of the Godhead, and the boundless mysteries of redemption, will be forerer unfolding before him, to swell his joys through a blessed eternity. There, the glories of that Saviour, who redeemed his soul from death and made him alive in immortal victory, will be unveiled, and with all the ransomed hosts that eneircle his throne, he will ascribe his salvation to God and the Lamb forever and ever. This is the Christian's destiny-— the Christian's victory, through our Lord Jesus Christ. Such, we trust, is the happy destination of her whose death we are called to mourn. She has gone in the midst of life, in the midst of cares, in the midst of friends, in the midst of useful- ness, to her rest ; and we doubt not, to a glorious resting place in heaven. Her character was too well .known to need a delinea- tion here. Her uniform cheerfulness, her winning manners, her tenderness of sympathy and strength of affection, her kindness to her friends, her never failing generosity to the poor, her sleep- less attention and uftwearied efforts in relieving and comforting the sick and distressed, are too well known by us all to be soon ffffgoXien. > Long will these features in her character be treasured in our memory. Long after the tears over her grave shall have been dried up, will she be held in grateful remembrance. She had an enviable and almost unequalled ability to render both ac- quaintances and strangers happy in her society, and in her house ; her kindness and attention to her guests were unbounded. As a wife, she was warm and constant in her affection. As a mother, she was tender and devoted, almost to a fault. But she was a Christian. In 1819 she hoped she was bom of the Spirit of God. Her convictions were deep and pungent, and her opposition to the character and purposes of God was strong. But when her heart was changed, the character, laws, and pur- poses of God appeared holy, just and good ; and the character of the Saviour appeared inexpressibly glorious. She was first exercised with the most clear and glorious views of the richness and sovereignty of God's forgiving grace, the divinity of the Sa- i4 vioof} and the Atonement. From thai day, she never needed to be conFinced of the real divinity of Jesus Christ, or of a vicari- ous atonemeiit by his death. She believed them as firmly as she did ber own existence ; for she was taught by the Spirit. The wiiciorie go0pel plan^ and especially the sovereignty of God's pur- poBCB and grace, and the richness of redeeming love, displayed in the character of the Saviour^ always filled ber with satisfac- tion and joy. In 1820, she wa« constituted a member of this Chureb, at its organization ; and to her death she prayed for it, loved it, and adorned it. Except from necessity or duty, her seat in the sanc- tuary^ and in the meeting for social worsbip, was never vacant. — And well does the Preacher know with what eager attention she listened to the word spoken ; she heUrd as if i^ believed the Gospel to be the word and bread of eternal lift. She was a lover of tvVANOBLicAL doctrines. On tiese great triitbs erhe rested with an unshaken confidence. Where tbey were not taiight, she could find ho food for her soul-— M firm groQod of hope. She loved them iff life|Jtnd slie rejoiced in them in death. She could build on nothing «iit „the doctrines of the cross ; on nothing but the 'blood of a Sa^our^-a daviour divine and hi^ite in his perfeeiions-^the trub ood and kternal life.-h^ To such a Saviour she trusted her alh For several weeks and months previons to her death, she was refreshed in spirit. She mourned over her past unfaithfulness ; fthe enjoyed more than usual a spirit of prayer, particularly for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon this Church and people, and for the eon version of her children ; and she enjoyed unusual comfort and peace in her seasons of devotion* Ift ber last sickness, so tfkr as her pains would allow, she was ealm and collected. And when she saw that she must die, she gave particular directions m relation to her household affairs, and called ber famify around her, and took a solemn and affecting leave of them. To each of her children she gave a dying charge —and may it be written indelibly in their hearts ;— and for each of them she put up, with her last breath, the prayer, " May God Almighty bless you;*' She conversed faithfully with those who 15 vaited at her bcilsiiie, and most earnestly rccommeudcil to ihcm the religioD of Christ. Speaking of Ijer feelings, elie »aid to a frieod, "I do Iotc Jesns — hia people — his word — his worship ; — but I ain a rinwn- Ber; my only hope is in hia atoning blood. If I am saTed^fi most be in lliis way." A few hours before her death, when asked if ber bodily distress was not great, she intimated that it was, hut said " It is peace within — It is peace within." After prayer bad been offered, and a part of the hymn beginntog, " Jesus, torer of my soul," bad been sung, and some of the Saviour's last words to bis disciples were repeated to her, she said, " Novr I am read; tq die." Thus she lived, and thus she died. To the bereared husband .^to the children left motherless — to the church of which the der ceased was a member — and to nit surviving relations and friends, may her death be sanctified, so that in this world, and forever in heaven, they may be prepared to say, '* Thanhs be to God, whicfa givoth us the victory tlir«ueh our Lord Jesus Christ." 1 d^ .% m ^- '-<! '^ :jrf ^ y \ "1 This book should be returned to the library on or before the last date stamped below. A fine of five cents a day is inourred by retaining it beyond the specified time. Please return promptly.