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Full text of "The Asheville city directory and gazetteer of Buncombe County for 1883-'84 : comprising a complete list of the citizens of Asheville with places of business and residence ..."

I BALLARD & VAN GILDEH, 

Stoui^s and Witwxm^t^ 

-A-SHEX^IXjXjE, I^T. O. 

lAINTS, QILS, PINDOW fLASS, 8cc., 

Tin-Roofing, Plumbing, and Steam-Fitting. 

W. S. CHILD, JR., 



m^^m w. ^. 



it^ 



w&mm 



I INSURANCE AGENT, f 

^ .^.;^.^ ^ „„....^, _« .^ 






OFFICE IN COURT-HOUSE, 
Asheville, - - - North Carolina. 



C. M. V/ILUAMS, 



BIOKSEILER 





^^ 



lE^LEADINC STORE IN^^ 

EAGLE BUILDING, ASHLY1LLE, N. C. ' 



THE LffiRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 

AT CHAPEL HILL 



ITXjOOIKI'S 



inerij 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 

ENDOWED BY 

JOHN SPRUNT HILL 
CLASS OF 1889 



:agle hotel, 
north carolina, 



VC971.11 
A82d 



^ 



and the Finest Grades of 



i 




Silks, Satins, Flannels, Underwear, 

Laces, Ribbons, Hosiery, Neck-Wear, Zephyrs, 

Wools, Kid Gloves, Lisle-Thread Gloves, 



AND A FINE STOCK OF; 



MILLINERY GOODS 

Under the management of a competent MilHner 
from Baltimore. 



WE CARRY THE; 



Largest Stock of Gents' Furnishings 

In the City ; also 

An Excellent Line of HATS. 



Agent for Harper's Bazar Patterns ; a large and complete 



-^^'i^. 



THE f ^.iKOLINA COLLECTION 



•w 



E. i. HOLMES &, CO., 

MANUFACTURERS OF THE CELEBRATED BRANDS OF 
WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA SMOKING TOBACCO, 

"GOLDEN LEAF," 

"LlliOFTIIESrilNI"PISKr 




J.A.HENDERSON, GEORGE HENDERSON, 

Danville, Va. Asheville, N. C. 

HENDERSON BROS., 

DEALERS IN 

LEAF TOBACCO, 

ASHEVILLE, N. C. 

Personal attention to all orders. Samples furnished 
on applicatioxi. Satisfaction guaranteed. Smokers and 
Bright Leaf a specialty. 

W. T. ROBERTSON, 

ASHEVILLE, N. C, 

(P HO TOGRA.jp HER, 

AND PUBLISHER OF STEREOSCOPIC VIEWS 
OF SOUTHERN SCENERY. 

-A. Xjax^ge Oollection on ZZctnca.— ^X.SO i^ex- dosEen. 

ALL WOEK GUARANTEED. 
Will go out with Pic-nic and Mountain Parties and make Groups and Views. 



WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN ALL KINDS OP 

DOORS, SASH, BLIXDS, &c., &c., 
NEW JOHNSTON BUILDINGS, PATTON AVENUE, 

ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



EDWARD J. ASTON 
REAL ESTATE 



-AND- 



Insurance Agent, 



ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



LIBERAL AND CONSERVATIVE WRITING. 



PROMPT ADJUSTMENTS. 



kimm Assets Representeil, - $120,00fl,0fl0. 




CAROLINA LAND 





WALTER B. CWYW, 

LAND AGENT, 

. ASHEVILLE, J^. C^ 
Grain, Stock, and Tobacco Farms, Mill Properly, Mines, Timber Lands. 




Fire and l^tfe JitsitraiiGe* 

THOS. W. BRANCH, Agent, 
Office, South Main Street, ASHEVILLE, N. C. 

INSUEANCE AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE AND LIGHTNING 

TAKEN IN CITY AND COUNTRY ON ALL KINDS 

OF PROPERTY, REAL AND PERSONAL. 



SHORT AND LONG-TERM POLICIES ISSUED IN A No. 1 

COMPANIES, HOME AND FOREIGN, 

AT FAIR RATES. 



Life Policies issued in The Valley Mutual Life Associa- 
tion of Virginia, which combines the guarantee feature of " old line " 
companies at the cost of ordinary cooperative insurance, pronounced by its 
policy-holders to be the safest and the cheapest. All parties wishing 
insurance of any kind are invited to call at my ofHce on S. Main street. 

THOS. W. BRANCH. 



ONE-PRICE STORE. 

H. Redwood & Co , 

Court-House Square, ASHEVILLE, IN. C, 



DEALERS IN 



DRY 600DS, FANCY GOODS, GLOTHINCf 

BOOTS & SHOES, HATS, CARPETS, &C. 



J. J. HILL & CO., 

DEALERS IN 

CABINET FURNITURE, 

SASH, DOORS AND BLINDS, &.C. 
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 

DEI GOODS, GLOTHIN&, NOTIONS, CARPETS. 

GROCEHIES AND GENEPwAL MERCHANDISE, 

PUBLIC SQUARE, ASHEVILLE, ]V. C. 

W. O. MULLER, 

DISTILLER OF 

PURE'lOlimDEIil"CDIlNlliRYE1illJlSKIES, 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN ALL KINDS 

BRANDIES, WHISKIES, WINES, LAGER BEER, CIGARS, &c. 

AGENT FOR THE CELEBRATED 

FOSS & SCHNEIDER CINCINNATI LACER BEER. 

SOUTH MAIN ST, AND PATTON AVE., ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



J. 



NATT ATKINSON, 

ATTORNEY AT LA^A^, 



-AND- 



REAL ESTATE AGENT, 
Office, Hazel Hill, West Asheville. 




PRE-EMINENTLY POPULAR. 



WHBELEE & WILSON'S 

STANDARD SEflE MACHINE, 



THE 



QSl n a 

UUBSTANTIAL ||Ui Ul 



WHEELER & WILSON MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 

NORTH MAIN STREET, ASHEVILLE, N. C. 

GORENFLO & WEST, 



.(inifiLiJiT 



PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS FURNISHED. SATISFACTION 
GUARANTEED. 



P. 0. Box 54. 



ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



$2.00 



$2.00. 



HARNETT HOUSE, 

Neat, clean, and attractive, centrally located and well kept, the popu- 
lar Harnett House is doing a good business. It is connected by street 
cars with all the depots, and offers the best of accommodations at ex- 
ceedingly reasonable rates. 

The only hotel in the city with a uniform rate of $2.00 per day. 



TENNENX'S, 

ON FEENCH-BKOAD KIVEK, NEAE ASHEVILLE, 

ONE OF THE 

MOST BILIQMTFUL PLJLCIS IM THE M0¥MTJl1MS. 

A LIMITED KDMBER OF BOARDERS TAKEN DURING THE SUMMER. 

Address G. B. TENNEJfT, 

Asheville, or Best Post-Office, BUNCOMBE CO., N. C. 

See engraving on page, 118. 



S. R. KEPLER, 



DEALER IN 



FINE FAMILY GROCERIES, 

CROCREBT AND GLASSWARE, 

EXCURSION AND PIC-NIC SUPPLIES, 

IMPORTED CIGARS, FINE CHEWING TOBACCOS, &c., 

South Main SI., ASHEVILLE, N. C. 




.-^ 



FOR THE SALE OF 

LEAF TOBACCO, 

ASKEVILLE, N. C. 

GRAND KE-OPENING FOR THE; SEASON OF 1883-'S4, BY 

^^ sffii J- ^- WILDER, 

^*'- --.s^ ^jjg pioneer warehouseman of Asheville. 

WTAMPLI': ACJCOMMODATIONS. HIGHEST PRICES GUARANTEED.-=©ft 



isriEJ'Vsraroisr, isroi&Ti3::.c.A.E,oXjiifrjL. 



THETLEADING HOTEL OF THE CITY. 

ELEGANT SAMPLE ROOMS FOR COMMERCIAL TRAVELLERS. 
FARE, FIRST CLASS. TERMS REASONABLE. 



SHELTON, JORDAN & WORTH, 



MANUFACTURERS OF 




ll 



I 



,1 



m 



}j 



SOLE PROPRIETORS OF "SPECKLE TROUT" SMOK- 
ING. FANCY PLUG OF ALL KINDS. 



jg^WE USE NO ADULTEHATION OS PEEFUMB.-^M 



A KARE LUXURY IS 

"Blac^ Mountaiq" ^mol^ing Tobacco, 

FROM THE "LAND OF THE SKY." 

MADE OF THE PURE LEAF OF WESTERN NORTH CARO- 
LINA, FAMOUS AS THE FINEST IN THE 
WORLD FOR SMOKING. 

J. E. HAY, Mamifacturer, Asheville. N. 0. 

H. M. PARKER, 

LANDSCAPE GARDENER. 



LAYS :OUT GROUNDS, SUPERINTENDS PLANTING OF OR- 
NAMENTAL TREES AND LAWNS. 

Address at AshevlUe, or Best Post-Offlce. 



APPENDIX 
TO ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY, 

EMBRACING THE MOST RECENT BUSINESS CHANGES TO OCTOBER 1, 1883. 



ACKER W. H., painter, Public Square, removed from city. 

ALEXANDER J. M., grocer and saddler. Public Square, firm changed to Alexander & Pen- 
land, and removed to Patton avenue. 

BERRY W. T., of Berry & Co., removed from city. 

BETHEL R. S., furniture dealer, n. Main, removed to Patton avenue. 

BANKS A. A. (late of Silver Springs Hotel), restaurant, one door above post-ofiice, recently 
established. 

BROOKSHIRE J AS. M., late clerk J. E. Rankin & Co., now of Rankin & Co., Best. 

BROOKSHIRE JOHN A., late clerk S. Van Gilder, now with J. E. Rankin & Co. 

BURTON SOLOMON (col.), produce dealer and boarding, Pulliam st., removed to n. Main. 

CAMPBELL & HARKEY, saddlers, s. Main, succeeded by W. A. Campbell. 

CLEMMONS E. T., proprietor Eagle Hotel, succeeded by .1. W. Bradley. 

COOKE & DILLON, carpenters, Willow street, recently established. 

DE VAULT BROS., dealers in musical merchandise, s. Main, omitted by mistake. 

DODGE W. S., auction goods, s. Main, recently established. 

HALLYBURTON A. G., grocer and baker, n. Main, succeeded by J. J. Mackey. 

HARRIS SALAMIS, steward Swannanoa Hotel, vice X. P. La Barbe. 

HAYES J. A., general merchandise, n. Main, op. Farmers Warehouse, recently established. 

HALL S. D., late clerk S. R. Chedester & Son, now with G. M. Roberts. 

HESTON W. R., late clerk Van Gilder & Brown, now with Ballard & Van Gilder. 

HONOUR T. A., Jr., bookseller and stationer, s. Main, recently established. 

JONES & SORRELLS, liquors, s. Main, succeeded by Jones & Mclsaac. 

LA BARBE A. P., late steward Swannanoa Hotel, now clerk Eagle Hotel. 

MACKEY J. J., grocer and baker, n. Main, successor to A. G. Hallyburton. 

MASON & CROFT, produce dealers, Public Square, omitted by mistake. 

MOSELEY G. G., late clerk J. D. Brevard & Co., now with Van Gilder & Brown. 

PAYSEUR G. F., furniture dealer, Eagle Hotel, recently established. 

POOL Rev. SOLOMON, private school, Haywood street, recently established. 

RHEA, CHAMBERS & CO., late proprs. Asheville Warehouse, succeeded by Chambers & Co. 

SMITH T. S., insurance agent, Public Square, removed from city. 

SORRELLS A. P., late of Jones & Sorrells, removed to Eagle-Hotel bar. 

S'JDOCKTON J. A., tailor, s. Main, removed from city. 

WEBB D. H., late clerk Jas. M. Alexander, now with G. M. Roberts. 

WILDER J. D., late head bookkeeper Banner Warehouse, now proprietor Farmers Ware- 
house, vice S. B. West & Co. 

WILSON GEO. J., late proprietor Grand Central Hotel, now chief clerk Eagle Hotel. 



THE 

Asheville City Directory 

AND 

Gazetteer of Buncombe County 

FOK 

d 883-84, 

Comprising a complete list of the Citizens of Asheville, with 

Places of Business and Residence ; together with a list 

OF Churches, Schools, Newspapers, Societies, and 

Associations of the City and County; State, 

County, and City Governments, &c. 

ALSO, 

J^ Commercial Dii^ecfoi'il of AjheVille @ Buncomie CountJ, 

AND 

A Directory of over 1000 Farmers, giving the number of 
acres owned by each, with distance and direction 

from nearest Post-Offlce. .; 

AH HISTORICAL SKETCH OF ASHEVILLE AND BtlHCOMBE COUNTY, 

GIVIXG 

The early annals of both, and showing their present advantages to the 

health and pleasure-seeker, as well as to the capitalist 

seeking profitable investment, 

WITH AN APPENDIX, 

Giving recent business changes in Asheville to October 1, 1883. 



ILIiUSTKATED "WITH SEVERAL ENGRAVINGS. 



Compiled by J. P. DAYISON. 



PRICE, $2.50. 



richmond, va. : 

Baughman Brothers, Printers. 

1883. 



#■ 



INTRODUCTION. 

In presenting to the citizens of Asheville and Buncombe county this vohime, 
the first of its kind published in Western North Carolina, the publisher must 
first return his sincere thanks to those who have so liberally patronized his 
undertaking. He is happy to say that the business men of Asheville have 
almost unanimously encouraged him from the start, not only with large orders 
for books and advertisements, but with kind words and "pats on the back." 

The people of Asheville must feel an honest pride in the contemplation of the 
gratifying progress which this Directory shows the city to liave made in business 
and population in the last few years. And it is still on a '' boom " which shows 
no signs of weakening, but, rather, gains strength day by day. 

The publisher has done his best in getting up this book ; and if an occasional 
error be found, he trusts his generous patrons will remember the difficulties 
attending the compilation of a work of its character. So many of the streets of 
Asheville are still unnamed, and so much ground occupied by dwellings, not laid 
out in streets at all, that it Avas found impossible to give the exact location of 
every resident. The number of negroes, also, without settled homes or occupa- 
tions, gave him a world of trouble in trying to discover their haunts, and he was 
often obliged, at last, to give up, in despair of finding them. From the above 
cfiuse, no doubt the names of many of this class will fail to appear in the 
Directory. Happily, however, it is a small loss. 

In the County Gazetteer, though the greatest care was exercised in arranging 
the tables, no doubt some faults will be found with the distance and direction of 
residences from the post-offices. This is to be expected, for hardly ever will two 
men be found to agree upon the distance between places in the country. 

In compiling the " Gazetteer " and historical parts of this book, tlie publislier 
was much indebted to "The Heart of the Alleghanies" ; to the columns of the 
Asheville Citizen and the Asheville News; to the editors of both journals, and to 
many ladies and gentlemen, both in city and county, whose kindness he will 
never forget, and to whom he again returns his earnest thanks. 

The delay in the appearance of this volume was mostly due to causes over 
which the publisher had no control ; but his inexperience, of course, had some- 
thing to do with it. However, as the book went tlirough the press, he constantly 
noted in its pages the various business changes of the city, and in the Appendix 
will be found the very latest, down to October 1, 1883. 

The undersigned hopes that a year or two hence he will be spared to under- 
take a work similar to this ; and confidently prophesies that the increase in busi- 
ness and population of the city and county will, by that time, justify the publica- 
tion of a much more pretentious volume than that which, with all its imperfec- 
tions, he now places before the public. 

J. P. DAVISON. 

Asheville, N. C, October 1, 1883. 



l\ndL 



CONTENTS. 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY. 

PAGE 

Abbreviations IV 

Appendix (facing title) S 

Churches, city and vicinity 68 

City Government 67 

Commercial Directory.. 59 

General Directory of Names (Whites) 17 

General Directory of Names (Colored) 46 

Introduction 10 

Schools 67 

Societies and Associations 6S 

Street Directory 13 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



Alexander. 
Alto 



PAGE 

... 70 
... 71 



Arden 72 

Asheville (Farmers) 72 

Avery's Creek 74 

Barnardsville 74 

Best 75 

Black Mountain Station 76 

Busbee 77 

Cooper's 77 

Democrat , 78 

Fairview 78 

Flat Creek 79 

Foxville 80 

Grantville 80 

Harkins SO 

High Knob 80 

Hominy Creek 81 

Leicester 83 

Long's 85 

Mitchell 85 

Morgan Hill ^ 85 

New Found 8-5 

Ramsey 86 

Refuge 86 

Riceville 86 

Sandy Mush.., 87 

Silver Springs 87 

Shufordsville 88 

Stocksville 88 

Swannanoa 89 



PAGE 

Turnpike 89 

Vanceville 90 

Weaverville 90 

Churches 92 

Corn Mills 94 

Flouring Mills 93 

Furniture Factories 95 

General Merchandise Dealers 93 

Hotels and Boarding Houses 95 

Physicians 95 

Saw Mills 94 

Schools 93 

Tanyards 95 

Woolen Mill 95 

Buncombe County Officers 97 



MISCELLANEOUS DEPARTMENT. 

PAGE 

Federal Court 99 

Inferior Court.. 99 

Legislative 100 

North Carolina Representatives In Con- 
gress 100 

State Government 98 

Superior Courts 98 

Supreme Court 98 

HISTORICAL SKETCH OF BUNCOMBE 
COUNTY'. 

PAGE 

Introduction 101 

Geographical and Historical 101 

Farming— Culture and Manufacture of 

Tobacco, &c 106 

Internal Improvements, &c 109 

" The Pioneers" 112 

Eminent Sons of Buncombe 117 

HISTORICAL SKETCH OF ASHEVILLE. 

PAGE 

Geographical 119 

Historical 120 

As a Summer Resort 123 

Business, Population and Wealth, &c 125 

Local Improvements— Streets, Bld'gs, &C...127 



12 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Some Needed Improvements 129 

Churches 130 

Schools 132 

Newspapers 134 

Societies and Associations. 135 

"To Asheville by Stage" 137 

INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS. 

CITY. 

PAGE 

Asheville Citizen 139 

Asheville News 140 

Aston E. J., Real Estate and Ins. Agt 2 

Atkinson Natt, Lawyer and Land Agt 5 

Ballard & Van Gilder, Stoves and Tinware,. 

outside front cover 

Ballard F. J., Florida Curiosities 143 

Bethel R. S., Furniture Dealer 1 

Brevard J. D. & Co., Gen'l Mdse, 

outside back cover 

Branch Thos. W., Insurance 3 

Carter & Carter, Lawyers 143 

Carter M. E., Lawyer 143 

Chedester .S. R. & Son, Gen'l Mdse 142 

Child W. S., Jr., Real Estate and Ins. Agt, 

outside front cover 

Farmers Warehouse 6 

Fitzpatrick R. L., Painter _.. 144 

Gorenflo & West, Builders 5 

Gwyn Walter B., Lawyer and Land Agt.... 3 

Hampton & Featherston, Liquors 112 

Henderson Bros., Leaf-Tobacco Dealers.... 1 

Hill J. J. & Co., Furniture 4 

Holmes E. I., Tobacco Manufr 1 

Johnston & Shuford, Lawyers 143 

Kepler S. R., Groceries and Glassware 6 

Levy I, & Co., Clothing, &c., 

outside back cover 

Lindsey A. J. & Bro., Tinners 142 

Muller W. O., Liquors 4 



Murdoch & Colvin, Builders, 

inside back cover 

Oliver J. C, Baker, &c 141 

Parker H. M., Land.scape Gardener 7 

Ray J. E., Tobacco Manufr 7 

Redwood H. & Co., Gen'l Mdse 4 

Revel A. W., Painter 143 

Robertson W. T., Photographer 1 

Sawyer Jas. P., Dry Goods, Clothing, &c... 4 

Swaimanoa Hotel outside back cover 

Sheltou, Jordan & Worth, Tobacco Mnfrs.. 7 

Taylor & Folsom Photographers 142 

Walker R. P. & Co , Leaf-Tobacco Dealera..l43 

Wagner Jno. A., Builder 141 

Ware A. B., Dentist 143 

West S. B. & Co 43 

Westall T. C. & Son, Builders 141 

Wheeler & Wilson Manufg Co 5 

Whitlock S., Dry Goods.&c.inside front cover 

Whitson W. R., Lawyer 143 

Williams C. M., Bookseller, 

outside front cover 
Woody & Hatch, Carriage Makers 141 

COUNTY. 

Ashworth Jason, Fairview 96 

Baird R., Alexander inside back cover 

Garien J. R., Shufordsville 96 

Porter T. M., Best inside back cover 

Rankin & Co., Best 144 

Rickman T. L., Arden 96 

Teniient G. B., Best 6 

Vandiver E. F., M'eaverville 95 

Wing Dr. W. W., Weav(rville 96 

FOREIGN. 

Harnett House, Savannah ,5 

" Heart of the Alleghanies," 

inside back cover 
Youut's Hotel, Newton, N. C 6 



A8HEVILLE STREET-DIRECTORY. 



Academy — N from Haywood to limits. 

Atkin — E from S Main to Beaucatcher mountain. 

Bailey — S from Patton avenue to Town branch. 

Beaucatcher Road — Continuation of College street S E 
to Mountain Top. 

Beaver Dam — N by E from N Main to limits. 

Bridge — N from Woodfin to Orange. 

Buttrick — N by W from junction Haywood street and 
Patton avenue to Hill. 

Charlotte — N from Woodfin to limits. 

Cherry — W from N Main to Academy. 

Chestnut — E from N Main to White Pine. 

Church — S from Patton ave., turning S by W into S Main. 

College — N E from Public Square to Town mountain. 

Eagle — E from S Main to Valley. 

Flint — N from Haywood to Cherry. 

French-Broad Avenue — S from Haywood to limits. 

Grove (formerly known as William street) — S from Pat- 
ton avenue to first cross-street (unnamed). 

Haywood — N W from Patton avenue to Flint, thence W 
and S W to Patton avenue again, at Buttrick. 

Hill— S W from Academy to Patton avenue. 

Locust — N from College to Woodfin, 

Mountain — E from White Pine to Beaucatcher road. 

New — S from Poplar for about lOO yards, thence E to 
Beaucatcher road. 



14 ASHEVILLE STREET-DIRECTORY. 



North Main — N from Public Square to limits. 

Orange — E from Beaver Dam to Bridge. 

Patton Avenue — W from Public Square to French- 
Broad river. 

Poplar — E from College to Beaucatcher road. 

Pulliam— W from N Main to Haywood. 

Roberts Avenue — S W from junction of Patton avenue 
and Haywood to French-Broad river. 

Short— N from Cherry to limits. 

South Main — S from Public Square to limits. 

Spruce — N from College to Woodfin. 

Sycamore — S E from Main to Valley, thence E to Beau- 
catcher mountain. 

Valley — S by W from College to S Main. 

Water — N from Willow st, turning N by E into N Main. 

Walnut— W from N Main to Haywood. 

White Oak— N from College to Woodfin. 

White Pine — S from Camp Patton to Colored Baptist 
church. 

Willow — W from S Main to Church. 

Woodfin— E from N Main to White Pine. 



NOTE. 

A. M. Academy — near, N, W, &c., of same. Used in this book to denote a 
large area lying to the W, N, and N E of A. M. Academy, of which, however, 
but a small portion has been opened out in streets, yet having a very considerable 
population, mostly colored. 

AcKE, The — A polite abbreviation of Hell's Half Acre, situated on the S E 
corner of \ alley and Sycamore streets, and running along both streets for a short 
distance. Its denizens are entirely of the African race. 

"Beaucatcher" — A great number of people, i)rincipally colored, are scat- 
tered all over the W face of the mountain of above name, and as very little of 
the space they occupy has been laid out in streets, it was found impossible 
to designate their places of abode more accurately. 



ASHEVILLE STREET-DIEECTOEY. 15 

Carter Building — Same as Legal Corner, south side Public Square. 

Camp Patton— Used in denoting tlie residences of several people who live 
near, (the only possible way, in fact,) as well as of those whose abodes are actually 
in it. Camp Pattou is a tract of land embracing several acres, and is bounded 
E by White Pine, W by Charlotte, and S by Chestnut. The northern boundary 
is not clearly defined. 

Doubleday's Addition — From one-iialf to one mile X of court-house, em- 
bracing a large number of iiouses, and intersected by many streets, none of 
which, however, have been named. 

Legal Corner — Same as Carter Building, south side Public Scpuire. 

Northern Limits — That portion of Asheville immediately outside the cor- 
poration on the nortli, the inhal)itants of which, iiowever, find tiieir occupati(jns 
within the city. 

Public Si^uare -The geographical and commercial centre of the city; con- 
tains the court-liouse and other county buildings. 

Southern Limits — Just beyond corporation on the south. 



GENERAL DIRECTORY 



CITY OF ASHEVIL^L^E 



IFOI^ 1883-'4:. 



WHITES. 



ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE DIRECTORY. 



A F College, Asheville Fe- 
male (College. 

A M Academy. A.';heville 
Male Academy. 

advt, advertisement. 

agt, agent. 

av, aveuue. 

bds, boards. 

bet, betweeu. 

bkpr, bookkeeper. 

bldg, building. 

cllv, clerk. 

condr. conductor. 

C H, Courthouse. 

cor, corner. 

dist, district. 

E or e, east. 

eng, engineer. 

expr, express. 



genl mdse, general merchan- 
dise, 
ins, insurance. 
Int Rev, Iniernal Revenue, 
lab, 1h borer. 

U E, Methodist Episcopal, 
mkr, maker, 
mfr, manufacturer. 
N or n, north. 
N E or II e, northeast, 
nr, near. 

N W or n w, northwest. 
opp, opposite. 
P O, post-office, 
pres, president, 
prin, principal, 
propr, proprietor, 
pub, publisher or public, 
res. residence, 
rd, road. 



ret, retail. 

Rev, reverend. 

S or s, south. 

N E or n e, northeast. 

sq, square. 

St, street. 

S W or s \y, southwest. 

secy, secretary. 

S & A R R, Spartanburg and 

Asiieville railroad, 
supt, superintendent, 
treas, treasurer, 
tel, telegraph, 
tob, tobacco. 
W or w, west, 
wid, widow, 
wks, works. 
W N C R R, Western North 

Carolina Railroad. 
W H, Warehouse. 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 



Abbott Joseph, butcher, wks A G Osborne 

Acker W H, painter, Pub sq, bds Mrs E S Goodlake 

Akin F M, res Woodfin 

Alexander J M, manfr saddles and harness and grocer, w side 

Pub sq, res s Main 
Alexander Mrs K F, wid, bds H C France 



18 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 

Allison 'Jas, carpenter, wks Gorenflo & West, bds I H Gorenflo 
Allred J J, shoemkr, wks I Levy & Co 

Andrew E W, boot and shoemkr, w side Pub sq, res Doubleday's 

addition 
Arthur T S Jr, lumber dlr, bds Carolina House 
Armstrong E J, Sampson & Armstrong, res cor College and 

White Oak sts 
ASHEVILLE CITIZEN, weekly and semi-weekly, Furman, 

Stone & Cameron editors and proprs, s e cor Pub sq 
ASHEVILLE FEMALE COLLEGE, Rev J Atkins Jr pres, 

bet College and VVoodfin and White Oak sts 
ASHEVILLE NEWS, weekly, C T C Deake editor, J W C 

Deake pub, Malone bldg, n Main 
ASTON EDWD J, real estate and ins agt, Aston court, s Main, 

res Church st 
Asheville Male Academy, S F Venable prin, Academy st 
ATKINS Rev J Jr, pres A F College, res College-grounds 
ATKINS B E, prof in A F College, res College-grounds 
Atkin Mrs S G, dressmkr, s Main 

Atkin G E, bar-tender Swannanoa Hotel, bds Mrs S G Atkin 
ATKINSON NATT, lawyer and real estate agt, office at res, 

Hazel Hill, w Asheville 



BANNER WAREHOUSE, Drummond & Lipscomb props, 

n w cor Walnut and Water sts 
Baird E, elks S Hammershlag, res Woodfin 
Baird Zeb, elks Jas P Sawyer 
Baird A H, city marshal, res Bridge st 
Baird Mrs L F, wid, res Charlotte 

Barnet W S, dlr in fertilizers, office Central Hotel, bds same 
BANK OF ASHEVILLE, Jas P Sawyer pres, D C Waddell 

cashr, cor Public sq and s Main 
BALLARD & VAN GILDER, W H Ballard and T I Van 

Gilder, stoves and tinware, west side Public sq 



. ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 19 

Ballard W H, Ballard & Van Gilder, bds A Ballard 
Ballard W C, elks Ballard & Van Gilder, bds A Ballard 
Ballard A. res Haywood st c 

BALLARD F J, Florida curiosities, at Van Gilder & Brown's, 
bds A Ballard 

c 

Ballew Jas, wks J T Carter, bds same 

Ballew VV F, carpenter, wks Gorenflo & West 

Barnard W W, leaf tobacco and fertilizer dlr, res Spruce 

Banks Mrs H H, wid, bds Mrs J E Hawley 

Barrett R W, carpenter, res Short st 

Baker H D, wagoner, res Butterick st 

BARESDALE C H, dlr in and stripper of leaf tob. Walnut st 

Barker W R, pharmacist, with H H Lyons, bds Miss Mary 
Miller 

Bagby Rev W H, pastor M E church, res n limits 

BETHELL R S, furniture dlr, n Main, res Grove st 

Bearden, Rankin & Co, genl mdse, s Main 

Bearden M J, Bearden, Rankin & Co, res n Main 

Berry Jas, tanner, res Sluder bldg, n Main 

Berry & Co, geni mdse, Patton av 

Berr}^ W T, Berry & Co, res White Pine st 

Berry Jas F, Berry & Co, bds J II Carter 

BELL R H, carpenter, res 2>^m Y. 

Bise L P, bricklayer, res n Main 

Birmingham L, lab, res with Jas Moore 

Bird R W, elk J A Porter, bds Eagle Hotel 

Blair W P, prop Central Hotel 

Blair W A, elk Central Hotel 

Blair A J, res cor n Main and Cherry 

Bowles R E, painter R L Fitzpatrick, bds S Trivett 

Boardman J H, machinist N W. Girdwood, res Bailey st 

Boyd D L & Co, wholesale and retail flour and grain dlrs, n Main 

BREVARD J D & CO, J D Brevard and R R Porter, dry 
goods, clotnmg. groceries, &c. , w side Pub sq 

Brevard J D, J D Brevard & Co, with C W Thorne & Co, Rich- 
mond, Va • 



20 ASHEVILLE CITY DIEECTOKY— Whites. 

BROOESHIRE JAS M, elks J E Rankin & Co, bds Central 

Hotel 
BROOKSHIRE JNO A, elks S Van Gilder, res French-Broad av 
Brown E L, elks Jas P Sawyer, res College st 
Brown L V, Van Gilder & Brown, res Patton av 
Brown T E, Van Gilder & Brown, res Grove st 
Brown Mrs O K, wid, res Woodfin st 
Brown Geo, Swink & Brown, bds L Swicegood 
Brown J C, tinner Ballard & Van Gilder, res Haywood 
Brown B F, bricklayer, res nr A M Academy 
Branch Miss Mary S, res cor Woodfin and Spruce 
BRANCH THOS W, leaf-tob dlr and ins agt, office and res s 

Main 
Branner J A, business supt A F College, res College-grounds 
Branner Miss M Love, teacher A F College 
Brand X & Co, X Brand and Jno W Starnes, undertakers, cor 

n Main and Cherry 
Brand X, X Brand & Co, res cor n Main and Cherry 
Broyles Miss Delia, elk W & W Mfg Co office, bds E Sluder 
Broyles J L, agt W & W Mfg Co, bds Central Hotel 
Broyles J M, elks W T Weaver, bds Mrs T E Reynolds 
Brandon J R, McDonald & Brandon, res Bailey st 
Burnett J H, grocer, n Main, bds Central Hotel 
Buchanan Mrs S E, wid, res s Main 
Buchanan W A, bds Mrs S E Buchanan 
Burgin R B, painter, wks A W Revel 

Burroughs J A. physician, w side Pub sq, bds Eagle Hotel 
BUNN ROLAND, bricklayer, res nr Charlotte 
Bunn Albert, bricklayer, res Chestnut st 
Bull Mrs Josephine, res Carter bldg, Pub sq 
Buel Rev D H, principal R D T School, Church st 
BUXTON Rev JARVIS, rector Trinity Episcopal church, res 

Church st 
BUTTRICK JAMES, planing-mill and builder, w end Patton 

av, res w side French-Broad river 
Buttrick J E, carpenter, wks Jas Buttrick, res Roberts av 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 21 



Callaway Sanders, wagoner, n Main 

Callaway Jas, wagoner, res n Main 

Callaway Danl, wagoner, res Doubleday addition 

GAIN D J, physician, office and res s Main 

Campbell Jas E, lumber dlr, res Haywood st 

Campbell J A, wks C H Barksdale, bds Jas E Campbell 

Cameron J D, Furman, Stone & Cameron, res cor Woodfin and 

White Pine 
CAROLINA HOUSE, A J Dodamead propr, n Main 
CARMICHAEL W C, Druggist, s Main, res s Main 
GARTER J H, leaf-tob dlr. Willow st, res Grove st 
Carter J T, butcher Jno Rich, res n limits 
Carter Robt, butcher Jno Rich, bds J T Carter 
Carter Thos D, res College st 
Carter E D, lawyer. Legal cor, bds Central Hotel 
GARTER J D, leaf-tob dlr, Asheville W H, bds J H Carter 
GARTER H B, lawyer, Legal cor, up stairs, bds M E Carter 
GARTER & GARTER, Melvin E and Arsemus L, lawyers. 

Legal cor 
Carter Arsemus L, Carter & Carter, bds M E Carter 
Carter Melvin E, Carter & Carter, res cor French-Broad and 

Patton avs 
Carter R K, carpenter, bds J H Carter 
Cauble W D, blacksmith, shop and res n limits 
Case Mrs Sarah, wid, res New st 
Carrington F N, Berry & Co, res Bailey st 
Cannon Geo W, United States storekeeper, res Patton ave 
Central Hotel, W P Blair propr, n Main 
Child W S Jr, Martin & Child, res Camp Patton 
Child Herbert D, elks Penniman & Co, bds Dr Millard 
Chambers N T, Rhea, Chambers & Co, bds Western Hotel 
Chambers E C, bkpr Asheville W H, bds Western Hotel 
Chapman Mrs L, res s Main 
Chilson C A, tinner, wks Ballard & Van Gilder, bds J R Rich 



22 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 



CHEDESTER S R & SON, S R and S H, genl mdse, Patton av 

Chedester S R, S R Chedester & Son, res w end Patton av 

Chedester S H, S R Chedester & Son, bds S R Chedester 

Chunn A F, with Wallace Bros, Statesville, res Grove st 

Chunn A B, boarding, l*atton av bet Bailey and Grove sts 

Chunn J S, carpenter, res Haywood st 

Clayton W B, agt W & W Mfg Co, res n Main 

Clayton E S, carpenter, wks T L Clayton, res Spruce st 

Clayton T L, contractor and builder and planing-mills, 2 m w 

CLARK J ADGER, bds Swannanoa Hotel 

Clapp Joseph W, cabinetmkr, res Hill st 

Clemmons E T, propr Eagle Hotel 

Clingman Thos L, lawyer, bds Eagle Hotel 

Clyce Frank, carpenter, bds G W Goodlake 

COOK W H, carpenter and builder, bds W A Israel 

Cook J L, carpenter, res s Main 

COOPER A D, dep collector int rev 6th Dist N C, office s Main, 

res Haywood st 
Cooper Joseph C, fireman W N C R R, res nr depot 
Cobb R F, lumber dlr, Willow st, bds W M Weaver 
Cocke & Jones, Wm M Cocke Jr and Johnstone Jones, lawyers, 

office w side Pub sq 
Cocke Wm M Jr, Cocke & Jones, res Maria av 
COCKRUM J W, carpenter, res w side French-Broad river 
Collins T C, Hughes & Collins, Silver Spgs, res nr depot 
Collins J F, Bricklayer, wks Murdock & Colvin 
Colvin Jas. Murdock & Colvin, res w side French-Broad river 
COLE J B, moulder N W Girdwood, res Silver Springs 
Coffin The Misses, boarding, Haywood st 
CORPENING W G, railroad contractor, res Charlotte st 
Cordell John, carpenter, bds W M Weaver 
Corrie John J,supt Asheville green-houses, White Oak, opp A F 

College 
Cosby B H, jeweller, wks C Cowan, res Haywood 
COWAN CANADA, watchmaker and jeweller, Patton av, res 

Haywood 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 23 

Cowan Jesse T, carpenter, res nr Hill st 

Craig Locke, lawyer, office with A T Davidson 

Creasman M A, carpenter, res Short st 

Creasman W L. wagoner, res s Main 

Creasman Mrs Albertine, wid, res with W L Creasman 

Cravxford W R, carpenter, bds Harrison Howell 

Crow L S, compositor Asheville Citizen, res Doubleday's addition 

Cromwell Zeb, bar tender Eagle Hotel, bds same 

Cunningham E L, carpenter, res Orange 

CUNNINGHAM JASON F, carpenter, wks T C Westall .t Son 

Cummings P A, Henry & Cummings, res Bailey st 

CUSHMAN WALTER S, lawyer, res -y, m N W^ 



DAVIDSON A T, lawyer, C. H., res College st 

Davidson Mrs H M, wid, res Spruce st 

DAVIDSON & MARTIN, Theo F Davidson and Jas G Mar- 
tin, lawyers, office in C H 

Davidson Theo F, Davidson & Martin, res cor College and Val- 
ley sts 

DAVISON J P, publisher "Asheville Cit\- Directory and 
Gazeteer of Buncombe Co," res 18,231 Hash av, Best 

Davis John, driver E T Clemmons, res Walnut 

Davis A C, grocer, n Main, res n Main 

Davis T E, carpenter, res Haywood st 

Davis J M, carpenter, res Cherry st 

DEAVER & CO, W T S Deaver and W C Featherston. liquor 
dlrs, n Main 

Deaver W T S, Deaver & Co, res Water 

DEAKE C T C, editor Asheville News, res -'Idlewild" 

DEAKE J W C, publisher Asheville Nexus and postal-clerk W 
N C R R 

Deaver A E, res Charlotte 

Despard Mrs Mary, wid, res cor n Main and Cherry 

De Vault C W, druggist, s Main, res same 

De Vault T M, elks C W De Vault, bds same 



24 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTOEY— Whites. 



De Vault J D, elks C W De Vault, bds same 

DODAMEAD A J, propr Carolina House 

Donovan Mrs Mary, wid, res n limits 

Donovan Miss Kate, domestic R R Porter 

Donovan Miss Mary, domestic Jas E Reed 

Donovan Miss Mattie, domestic C E Lee 

DOUBLEDAY & SCOTT, U Doubleday and Geo F Scott, 

lumber dlrs, Patton av 
DOUGLAS B H, dentist, office s w cor Pub sq, bds Dr Summey 
Drummond R F, Drummond & Lipscomb, res n Main 
DRUMMOND & LIPSCOMB, R F Drummond and W T 

Lipscomb, proprs Banner W H 
DRUMMOND J A, leaf-tob dlr, bds A W Malone 
Dukes T C H, bkpr Jas P Sawyer, res Short st 
Ducket Thos, carpenter, res Butterick st 

E 

Eagle Hotel, E T Clemmons propr, s Main 

Eaton John, plasterer, res Patton av 

Earwood Henry F, retired produce dlr, res nr W N C R R depot 

Edney 'I hos A, painter, res e side Pub sq 

Edney H C, painter, bds Mrs E G Edney 

Edney Mrs E G, wid, res n Main 

Edney Miss A M, milliner at J P Sawyer's, bds Mrs E G Edney 

Ervvin S Bulow, bkpr, res s Main 

Erwin Jno B, express messenger R & D R R 

Erwin W T, elks G M Roberts 

Eubanks P R, student, bds Rev D H Buel 



FAGG M J, railroad contractor and planter, res cor Beaver Dam 

and n Main 
Fagg H C, bds M J Fagg 
Fagg J A, boarding, cor Bridge and Orange 
Fain N W, wagoner, res Academy st 
Falk C, prof in, A F College, res College-grounds 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTOKY— Whites. 25 

Fanning F A, elks J D Brevard & Co, res College st 

FARMERS WAREHOUSE, S B West & Co proprs, n Main 

Farnsworth .Geo W, bricklayer, res College st 

Featherston W C, Deaver & Co, res cor Flint and Cherry 

Featherston A A, Hampton & Featherston, res Water st 

FITZPATRICK R L, painter, n Main opp P O, res Woodfin st 

Finch R G, cabinetmkr, Haywood st, res same 

Foster Miss Annie, domestic H S Harkins 

Fowler Jno F, agt W & W Mfg Co. bds Central Hotel 

Frank Jas, agt Reems Creek Woollen Mills, office n Main, res 

White Pine 
Franks C F, compositor Asheville Citizen, res Haywood 
Franklin J H, shoemkr, wks A Freck, res College st 
Frady John, wagoner, res s Main 
Frady S L, res Church st 

France P S, with W T Reynolds, bds Swannanoa Hotel 
France Jno G, H C France & Co, bds H C France 
France H C, H C France & Co, res Haywood 
France H C & Co, leaf-tob dlrs 
France W S, leaf-tob dlr, bds H C France 
Freck A, shoemkr, s Main cor Eagle, res s Main 
Fulton Mrs Mary, wid, res n Main 
FURMAN, STONE & CAMERON, proprs Asheville QUzen, 

s e cor Pub sq 
Furman R M, Furman, Stone & Cameron, res White Pine 
Furman R B, elks Jas P Sawyer, bds E L Brown 

G 

Gammon Rev J P, pastor Presbyterian church, res cor Haywood 

and Flint 
Gates Wm, baker F M Johnston, res Willow 
Garren Leander, wks A Garrett, res nr A M Academy 
Garren Wm, carpenter, res New st 

Gherkins E A, composr Asheville Citizen^ bds Mrs M J Gherkins 
Gherkins Mrs M J, wid, res n Main 



26 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 



Gilbert S M, mfr boots, shoes, saddles, and harness, Patton av, 
res Academy st 

Gilbert M L, carriagemkr, s Main, bds Jas W Patton 

Gillim J C, agt, bds F P Love 

Gillim T J, agt, bds F P Love 

Gilreath C H, gardener, res n Main 

GIRDWOOD N W, foundry and machine-shops at W N C R R 
depot, bds M E Carter 

Glass D F, gardener, res College .st 

Glenn E R. carpenter, PuUiam st, res Woodfin 

Goodlake Mrs E S, boarding, s Main 

Goodlake A M, carpenter, res French-Broad av 

Goodlake J W, Swink & Goodlake, res Bailey st 

Goodlake G W. family groceries, s Main, res s Main 

GORENFLO & WEST, I H Gorenflo and A G West, contrac- 
tors and builders 

Gorenflo I H, Gorenflo & West, res s Main 

Gouchenour H H, elks G M Roberts 

Graham R L, elks H. Redwood & Co, bds Mrs A E Hall 

GRAHAM C E, wholesale dry goods, boots, shoes, and cloth- 
ing, n Main, res cor Patton and French -Broad avs 

Graham W A. tobacconist, res n Main 

GRAND CENTRAL HOTEL, Patton av, W^ater and PuUiam 
sts. Geo J Wilson propr 

Grant Wm, lab, res n limits 

Grace J K, carpenter, res Doubleday's addition 

Green Mrs M M, wid, res New st 

Guinn D M, agt W & W Mf g Co, bds Central n'otel 

GTJDGER H L, postmaster of Asheville, bds Central Hotel 

GWYN WALTER B, lawyer and land agt, office in C H, res 
Grove st 

H 

HALLYBTIRTON A G, agt W N C R R Co, and grocer n Main, 

bds L V Brown 
Hall S D, elks S R Chedester & Son 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIEECTORY— Whites. 27 



Hall Mrs E A, wid, res cor Haywood and Walnut 
Hale Amie M, physician, office at res, I*atton av 
Hammershlag S, genl mdse, n Main, res n Main 
Hampton J E, Hampton & Featherston, res n Main 
HAMPTON & FEATHERSTON, J E Hampton and A A 
Featherston, wholesale and retail liquor dlrs, w side Pub sq 
Hampton J H, carpenter, res s Main 
Hampton C M. carpenter, res Bailey st 
Hatch Walter S. Woody & Hatch, res s limits 
Hare Mrs Sue A_ wid, res n Main 
Hare R H, elks C M Williams, bds Mrs Sue A Hare 
HARKINS H S, chief of police and United States dep marshal, 

res Haywood st 
Hart John, res n Main 
Harkey J M, saddler, n Main 

HARDT J G, physician, office and res Church st 
Havener J M, carpenter, res Doubleday's addition 
Havener R A, carpenter, res Cherry st 
Hawkins G N, carpenter res w end Patton-av 
Hawkins J A, tinner Ballard & Van Gilder, res Hill st 
Hawley Mrs J E, wid, res cor Woodfin and Charlotte 
Hawley Miss Mary F, teacher A F College, bds Mrs J E Hawley 
Haynes A F, miller N W Girdwood, res nr W N C R R depot 
Hege C L, telegraph operator W N C R R depot, bds Silver 

Springs Hotel 
Henderson Mrs Melissa, wid, res s Main 

HENDERSON BROS, J A and George, leaf-tob dlrs, Walnut 
Henderson George, Henderson Bros 
Henderson J A, Henderson Bros, res Danville, Va 
Henry Alex'r. res Orange st 

Henry O H, with Wilson, Burns & Co, Baltimore, res Orange 
HENRY & CUMMINGS, J L Henry and P A Cummings, law- 
yers, s side Pub sq 
Henry J L, Henry & Cummings, res Silver Springs 
Henry I, bkpr S Whitlock, bds S Lipinsky 
Herrell John, carpenter, wks Gorenflo & West, bds A G West 



28 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 

HERN'DON E W, elk Superior Court, office in C H, res Col- 
lege st 
Herndon Mrs H M, millinery s Main, res College st 
HERRING J H, mngr W & W Mfg Co's office, bds J H Carter 
Hess John, wagoner, res Water st 
Hess Wm, wks E T Clemmons, res Water st 
Heston W R, elks Van Gilder & Brown, bds J M Heston 
Heston E E, bds J M Heston 
HESTON J M, groceries and confectioneries, Eagle-Hotel block, 

res n Main 
Hester St Clair, student, bds Rev D H Buel 
HILL J J & CO, furniture dlrs, n side Court sq 
Hill J J, J J Hill & Co, res n Main 
Hill C F, elks J J Hill & Co 

HILLIARD W L, physician, office s Main, res s Main 
Hilliard Chas E, elks W C Carmichael, bds Dr Hilliard 
HILDEBRAND G A, dentist, office and res cor College and 

White Pine 
HILDEBRAND JNO Sr, res New st 
Hildebrand Otto, cabinetmkr, bds Jno Hildebrand Sr 
HOWELL J 0, genl mdse, n Main, bds Mrs T E Reynolds 
Howell Harrison, wks Ray's livery, res Cherry st 
HOWERTON Dr W H, propr Swannanoa Hotel 
Holland W A, bkpr Bank of Asheville, res Woodfin st 
Holland Mrs Susan, wid, res Woodfin st 
HOLMES E I & CO, smoking-tob mnfrs, Church st 
Holmes E I, E I Holmes & Co, res on Swannanoa river, 214 m S E 
Hoyt Ike Will, wks Ray's livery 
Hunt H C, boarding. Valley st 

Hurt Jas C, agt W & W Mfg Co, res Sluder bldg, n Main 
Hunt Wm. lab, res New st 
HUGHES G A, carpenter, res Roberts av 



Ingle Andrew, carpenter, res n Main 
Inman S H, carpenter, res n limits 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 29 



Israel W A, wagoner, res s Main 
ISRAEL J M, tobacconist, res Woodfin st 



JACKSON W W, carpenter and builder, res Bailey st 

Jarrett R F, tinner Ballard & Van Gilder, bds J R Rich 

Jenkins H M, carpenter, Pulliam st, bds C F Franks 

Jenkins W H, carpenter, bds Mrs E S Goodlake 

Jenkins C L, agt W & W Mfg Co, bds L F Sorrells 

JENNISON SAM'L D, stonecutter, bds P C Shackelford 

Jennison H S, photographer with W T Robertson 

Johnston R B, farmer and fruit-grower, res n Main 

JOHNSTON HUGH, res Patton av 

Johnston Thos D, Johnston & Shuford, res Grove st 

JOHNSTON & SHUFORD, Thos D Johnston and Geo A 

Shuford, lawyers, Johnston bldg, s w cor Pub sq 
Johnson F M, city bakery, n Main, res same 
Johnson Mrs Lucy, wid, res Water st 
Jones T Atkinson, elks R S Bethell, bds same 
Jones & Sorrels, liquor dlrs and bowling alley, s Main 
Jones H C, Jones & Sorrells, bds Slagle House 
JONES R R, gentleman of leisure, res Academy st 
Jones Johnstone, Cocke & Jones, bds Miss Mary Miller 
Jones B M, real estate agt, office at R S Bethell's store, bds R S 

Bethell 
Jones W E, cabinetmkr, res Charlotte st 
Jones J M, Zachary & Jones, res 4 m S W 
Jordan J F, leaf-tob dlr, bds C E Lee 

Jordan M I, Shelton, Jordan & Worth, bds Carolina House 
Jordan John Y, elks Lee & Childs, bds Carolina House 
Justice J C B, bkpr Asheville W H, bds C H Miller 
Justice R B, surveyor, res s Main 
Justice G W, carpenter, res n Main 
Justice Terrell, wagoner, res College st 
Justice Wm, farmer, res Poplar st 

5 



30 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 

Justice W D, carpenter, n Main, res Doubleday's addition 

Justice W V, painter, bds W D Justice 

Justice Miss Dinah, dressmkr at Jas P Sawyer's, bds W D Justice 

K 

Kelly P W, painter W H Acker, bds Mrs E S Goodlake 
Kennedy S D, physician, office over S R Kepler's, bds Swannanoa 

Hotel 
KEPLER S R, family groceries and glassware, s Main, res 

Woodfin 
Kepler W A, elks S R Kepler, bds same 
King H L, professor in A M Academy, res i m s w 
KLEIN M C, manager Swannanoa Hotel 



La Barbe A P, steward Swannanoa Hotel 

Lange J J. policeman, bds J H Lange 

Lange J H, bar-tender W O Muller, res cor Haywood and 

Academy sts 
Larson F W, blksmith, wks N W Girdwood 
LAW J H, china and silverware, opp Eagle Hotel, bds Eagle 

Hotel 
Ledford Benj,wks Holmes' tob factory, res nr A M Academy 
Ledford Mrs Aveline, wid, res nr A M Academy 
Ledford Wm, lab, res nr A M Academy 
Ledford Mary, wks Shelton, Jordan & Worth 
Ledford Betty, wks Shelton, Jordan & Worth 
Ledford Allie, wks Shelton, Jordan & Worth 
Ledford Maggie, wks Shelton, Jordan & Worth 
Lee D U, pension agt, res n Main 
Lee C E, Lge & Childs, elks C E Graham, res Flint st 
LEE & CHILDS, C E Lee and L L Childs, grocers, n Main 
Lee C C, wks Weddin's livery, res s Main 
Lee Mrs Betty, wid, res cor Academy and Cherry sts 
Leonard C B, carpenter, res s Main 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 31 

/ 

Levy I, I Levy & Co, res over store 

LEVY I & CO, I and M Levy, clothing, boots, shoes, and 
hats, n side Pub sq 

Lewis Robt T, elks C E Graham, bds Carolina House 

Lewis J D, rockmason, res New st 

LINDSEY & BRO, A J and J G Lindsey, tinners, Patton av 

Lindsey A J, Lindsey & Bro, bds H Lindsey 

Lindsey J G, Lindsey & Bro, res Doubleday's addition 

Lindsey H, res Doubleday's addition 

Lindsey C L, carpenter, bds J G Lindsey 

Lipinsky S, elks S Whitlock, res n Main 

Lipscomb VV T, Drummond & Lipscomb, res Water st 

Littrell Jno, wagoner, res Doubleday's addition 

Long R A, elks Van Gilder & Brown, res College st 

Love P I, elks C E Graham 

Love F P, floor mngr Ray's W H, res 2 m S 

LOWE W V, engineer W N C R R, bds Jas A Webb 

Lippard Jas, carpenter, bds Mrs Josephine Bull 

LUSK V S, mayor of Asheville and atty at law, office over 
Van Gilder & Brown's, res College st 

Lusk & Freeman, butchers, s Main 

Lusk Jas; Lusk & Freeman, res n Main 

LYMAN T B, res Haywood st 

Lyman A J, brick mnfr, near W N C R R depot, res Haywood 

Lynch S S, carpenter and builder, res n Main 

LYONS H H, druggist and bookseller, w side Pub sq, res 
Grove st 

Lyon W H, auctioneer Rays and Farmers warehouses, bds Caro- 
lina House 

M 

Mabry R G, condr W N C R R, bds Silver Springs Hotel 

Mackey J J, res Haywood st 

MALONE A W, res Water st 

Malone C W, res Orange 

MALONE W H, lawyer, Malone bldg, n Main, res Woodfin 



32 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTOEY— Whites. 



Mann Horace, builder, res Hill st 

Mann Mrs Horace, millinery s Main, res Hill st 

Marrow J M, gardener, res Haywood st 

Martin Mrs Nancy, wid, res Patton av 

MARTIN & CHILD, Jas G Martin and W S Child Jr, real 

estate and ins agts, office in C H 
Martin Jas G, Davidson & Martin, res Cliestnut Wold 
Massagee J F, carpenter, res 2 m s 
McCarson David, gardener, res n limits 
McCanless D M, plasterer, res Hill st 
McCanless J M, carpenter and builder, res Academy st 
McCarthy C C, leaf-tob dlr, bds Swannanoa Hotel 
McConnell J H, produce dlr, res Doubfeday's addition 
McDonald & BRANDON, G L McDonald and J R Bran- 
don, grocers, s Main 
McDonald G L, McDonald & Brandon, res Bailey st 
McDowell W W, res Terrace mountain, s limits 
McDowell Jas A, mechanic, bds W W McDowell 
McDowell Geo M, civil engineer, bds W W McDowell 
McDowell Jno H, elks Graham & Redwood, bds C H Miller 
McDowell W G, grocer, s limits, res same 
McDowell J Hamp, wagoner, res s limits 
McDowell E E, carpenter, bds W W McDowell 
Mclntyre F R, bricklayer, res Church st 
Mclsaac H, corn and hominy steam-mill, Valley st 
McKeown H B, painter, wks R L Fitzpatrick 
McLoud Miss Laura E, teacher A F College, res in college 
McLOUD & MOORE, C M McLoud and Chas A Moore, 

lawyers, No 2 Legal cor 
McLoud C M, McLoud & Moore, res n Main 
McLauglin W W, city editor Asheville News, bds Eagle Hotel 
Mears G A, genl mdse, s Main, res Water st 
Merrimon J W, merchant, res Chestnut st 
MERRIMON EMORY H, lawyer. Legal cor, res Bailey st 
Merrimon The Misses, res cor Chestnut and Beaver Dam 
Milam Mrs, housekpr A F College 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTOKY— Whites. 33 

Miller F M, elks Penniman & Co, res College st 

Miller F B, elks H H Lyons 

Miller T H, elks Powell & Snider, res s Main 

Miller Miss Mary, boarding, Grove st 

Miller C H, elks I Levy & Co, res Spruee 

Miller Joseph A, earpenter, res Walnut st 

Miller W S, earpenter Gorenflo & West, bds Mrs E S Goodlake 

Miller Henry, painter R L Fitzpatriek, bds W M Weaver 

Miller Rev G W, res Hill st 

Miller G F, earpenter, bds G W Miller 

MILLARD Dr D T, res eor Haywood and Pulliam sts 

Mitchell T J, saddler, wks S M Gilbert, res Camp Patton 

MITCHELL Rev JOHN, pastor Baptist ehureh, bds Dr D T 

Millard 
Monday A C, W O Muller & Co, res College st 
Moore J C, eabinetmkr J J Hill & Co, res n Main 
MOORE C B, ass't P M, bds Dr D T Millard 
MOORE JAS, carpenter and builder, res French-Broad av 
Moore Chas A, MeLoud & Moore, res Camp Patton 
Moore J L, propr Railroad Hotel 
Moody W W, ins agt with T S Smith, bds same 
Morgan Dan'l, res Patton av 
Morris Joel, moulder N W Girdwood 

Morris T C, tobacconist. Banner W H, bds R F Drummond 
Morris John, wks M J Fagg 
Morrison Rev W N, res French-Broad av 
MORRIS B W, propr Swannanoa Livery, Eagle st, bds Swan- 

nanoa Hotel 
MOSELEY G G, elks J D Brevard & Co, bds W T Lipscomb 
MOSELEY CHAS A, bkpr C E Graham, bds W T Lipscomb 
Moncure Dr C H, Wiseman & Moneure 

MOUNTAIN ISLAND MFG CO, cor Walnut and Water sts 
Moynihan M H, mngr Singer Mfg Go's office, bds J P Veatman 
Mull D H, carpenter S S Lynch, bds same 
MULLER W 0, retail liq dlr, s Main, res Charlotte st 
MULLER W & CO, wholesale liquor dlrs, Patton av 



34 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTOKY— Whites. 

Muller J D, professor of music res with W O Muller 
Murphy W L, elks I Levy & Co, bds CaroHna House 
MURRAY J L, grocer, s Main, res same 
MURDOCH & COLVIN, John and David Murdoch and Jas 

Colvin, contractors and builders 
Murdoch John, Murdoch & Colvin, res w side French-Broad river 
Murdoch David, Murdoch & Colvin, bds John Murdoch 

N 

Neighbors John, bricklayer, res Valley st 

NELSON M L, physician, office at res, Woodfin st 

Nix A, brick moulder, res French-Broad av 

Noel Jonathan, butcher, res n Main 

Noel Wm, shoemkr, res n Main 

Noel Sylvester, shoemkr, res n Main 

NORCOP PERCY T, F R C S, physician and surgeon, office 

at res, Grove st 
Norman W F, leaf-tob dlr, bds Eagle Hotel 
Norvill T W. shoemkr, wks I Levy & Co, res College st 



O'Bryon R C, elk Grand Central Hotel 

Orr Thos, Teague & Orr, res n Main 

Osborne Mrs Joseph, wid, res French-Broad av 

Osborne A G, butcher and produce dlr, n Main, bds Carolina 

House 
Owenby George, wks Jas E Reed 



Page G W, butcher, n Main, res Sluder bldg 

Page A L, mechanic, res s Main 

Page Miss Gary, teacher in A F College, res in college 

Parker J H, tinner, n Main, res Doubleday's addition 

Parks T C, wks Weddin's livery 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 35 

Patton J A, carpenter, res Orange st 

Patton Jas W, res s Main 

Patton Thos W, res Charlotte st 

Patton Mont, elk Inferior Court, office in C H, res s limits 

Patton & Penland, W A and J R Patton and N L Penland, 
butchers, s Main 

Patton W A, Patton & Penland, bds J A Patton 

Patton J R, Patton & Penland, res Orange st 

PATTERSON J R, register of deeds, office in C li, res Col- 
lege st 

Patterson A C, carpenter, bds Grand Central Hotel 

Payne R L, asst bkpr Banner VV H. bds W T Lipscomb 

PEARSON RICHMOND, lawyer. Legal cor, res Richmond 
Hill, 3 m N W 

Penland Mrs M P, wid, res Water st 

Penland W J, bar-tender Hampton & Featherston 

Penland N L, Patton & Penland, res Orange 

Penland W H, mill-owner, res Haywood 

Penland J C, elks W O Muller & Co 

Penland W C, carpenter, res Academy st 

Penniman W R Sr, res s Main 

PENNIMAN & CO, VV T and W R Penniman Jr, wholesale 
and retail hardware, cor n Main and Pulliam 

Penniman W T, Penniman & Co, res s Main 

Penniman W R Jr, Penniman & Co, bds W R Penniman Sr 

Penniman Chas F, elks Penniman & Co, bds W R Penniman Sr 

PENLEY W P, elks J A Porter, res Doubleday's addition 

Penley W K, elks A C Davis, bds W P Penley 

Penley Joseph, wagoner, res Mountain st 

PELHAM W E & BRO, W E and S D, druggists, No 2 
Eagle Hotel block 

Pelham W E, W E Pelham & Bro, res Newberry S C 

Pelham S D, W E Pelham & Bro, bds Swannanoa Hotel 
' Pelham Chas P, elks W E Pelham & Bro, bds Eagle Hotel 

Perrow B M, leaf-tob dlr, bds Swannanoa Hotel 

Pierce R H, blacksmith, wks M L Gibbert 



36 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTOKY— Whites. 

Pierce & Welles, Chas F Pierce and E B Welles, proprs city steam 

mills, s e of Pub sq 
Pierce Chas F, Pierce & Welles, res cor College and Valley sts 
Phillips Miss Ida, domestic Horace Mann 
Pleasant Mrs C L, wid, res French-Broad av 
Ponton W E, butcher A G Osborne 
Ponder A, carpenter, res nr n Main 
Porter R R, J D Brevard & Co, res Flint 
PORTER J A, wholesale and retail genl nidse. Main st, res 

Cherry st 
Postell H W, elks J L Murray, res Bailey st 
Postell T W, elks Swannanoa Hotel 
Postell J C, student, bds Rev D H Buel 
Postell J H, boarding, Orange st 
Pope W S & Co, butchers, Parlor market, n Main 
Pope W S, W S Pope & Co, res n Mam 
Posey Wm, wagoner, bds Mrs Josephine Bull 
Powell Geo S. Powell & Snider, res Haywood 
POWELL & SNIDER, wholesale and retail grocers, n Main 
Pressley Peter, wagoner, res White Pine 
Pressley Mrs M M, wid, res s Main 
Price T A, condr W N C R R, bds Eagle Hotel 
PuUiam R W, bds Central Hotel 
Pulliam Lawrence, ass't cashier Bank of Asheville, res n Main 

Q 

Quesenberry J B, shoemkr I Levy & Co, res College st 

R' 

Ramsey J F, dentist with R H Reeves, bds same 
Ramsey Jno N, elks J A Porter, bds Central Hotel 
Ramsour W S, tanner Bearden, Rankin & Co, res n Main 
Railroad Hotel. J L Moore propr, W N C R R depot 
RANEIN J E & CO, wholesale and retail genl mdse, n w cor 
Pub sq 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 37 

Rankin J E, J E Rankin & Co and Bearden, Rankin & Co, res 

cor Beaver Dam and Orange sts 
Rankin A, Bearden, Rankin & Co, res n Main 
Rankin Mrs E L, wid, res n Main 
Rankin Rev G C, pastor M E Church South, res cor Church and 

Willow 
Rash Mrs Jane, wid, res n w of A M Academy 
Rash J L, blacksmith N W Girdwood, bds Mrs Jane Rash 
Ray S W, elks J E Rankin & Co, res College st 
RAY J E, manfr smoking tobacco, sample-office w side Pub sq, 

res Chestnut st 
RAY JAS M, propr Ray's W H and Excelsior Stables, s Main, 

res one door south 
Rawls R R, bds M E Carter 

REDWOOD HENRY & CO, genl mdse, C H sq, res Grove st 
Redmon Mrs Caroline, wid, res Doubleday's addition 
Redmon Saml M, wagoner, res Doubleday's addition 
Reeves R H, dentist, office n Main, res Spruce 
REED JAS E, elk United States Circuit and District Courts, 

office in C H, res n limits 
REED SAM'L H, lawyer, office No i Legal cor, res Woodfin 

opp A F College 
Reed T J Jr, carpenter, bds J E Reed 
Revel T J, elks J E Rankin & Co, res Bridge st 
Revel O D, carpenter, bds T J Revel 
Revel Mrs W J, wid, res Bridge st 
REVEL A W, painter, res Doubleday's addition 
Reynolds W T, livery, cor Pulliam and Water, bds Mrs J C Spears 
Reynolds Mrs T E, wid, res n Main 
Reynolds Miss Caroline, domestic V S Lusk 
Reynolds Jesse, driver Reynolds livery, res Woodfin 
Reynolds W A, machinist N W Girdwood 
Reynolds Jas A, bds Central Hotel 
Reynolds Daniel L, brick manfr. Camp Patton 
Rhea, Chambers & Co, proprs Asheville W H 
Rhea H K, Rhea, Chambers & Co, proprs Western Hotel 



38 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 

Rich J R, butcher, s Main, res Haywood 

Richards Mrs Lucinda, wid, res cor Woodfin and Spruce 

Richardson John, carpenter, bds Mrs Josephine Bull 

Rice Miss Nancy, domestic Hugh Johnston 

Roberts M E, elks G A Mears, bds same 

Roberts Mrs S M, wid, bds E S Clayton 

ROBERTS G M, genl mdse, W N C U R depot, res Patton av 

Robertson J D, elks Bearden, Rankin & Co, res Beaver Dam 

ROBERTSON W T, photographer, bds H G Robertson 

Robertson J A, carpenter, res n limits 

Robertson H G, res Academy st 

Robison K W, elks Graham & Redwood, bds C H Miller 

Robinson John, carpenter, res cor White Pine and Woodfin sts 

s 

Sampson & Armstrong, R A Sampson and E J Armstrong, brick 

manfrs, White Pine 
Sampson R A, Sampson & Armstrong, res cor College and White 

Oak 
Sams W C, elks J O Howell, bds Western Hotel 
Sanders B G, carpenter, res nr W N C R R depot 
Sawyer Miss Mary, select private school at res, n Main 
Sawyer S B, painter, res n Main 
SAWYER JAS P, wholesale and retail genl mdse, s e cor Pub 

sq, res French-Broad av 
SGHARTLE J W, merchant tailor, e side Pub sq, res one door n 
Schartle F W, tailor J W Schartle, bds same 
Scott J C, carpenter, bds Mrs Bettie Lee 
Scott Jas, painter, wks W H Acker 

Scott Geo F, Doubleday & Scott, res nr west end Patton av 
Setzer J R, carpenter, bds W M Weaver 
Sevier E, wagoner, res Hill st 
Sexton Wm, farmer, res w of A M Academy 
Sexton J C, blacksmith, res Charlotte st 
Shackelford Mrs Addie, wid, res s Main 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTOEY— Whites. 39 

Shackelford G N, bricklayer, bds Mrs Addie Shackelford 

Shackelford C D, bricklayer, res s Main 

Shackelford P C, bricklayer, res College st 

Shackelford W A, bricklayer, res s Main 

SHELTON, JORDAN & WORTH, S C Shelton. M I Jordan, 

and F A Worth, tob mnfrs, Beaver Dam st 
Shelton S C, Shelton, Jordan & Worth, res i ^ m E 
Sherrill R J, painter R L Fitzpatrick, bds S Trivett 
Shipman Laura, domestic J E Rankin 
Shipman J R, carpenter, res Sycamore st 
SHOPE W L, elks S Hammershlag, bds Jno A Brookshire 
Shroat B P, res s Main 

Shuford Geo A, Johnston & Shuford, bds Mrs T E Reynolds 
Singer mnfg Co, office n Main, M H Moynihan manager 
SIMMONS G H, carpenter and builder, res Patton av 
Skahan R C, baker A G Hallyburton, res n Main 
Slagle J L L, propr Slagle House, cor Patton av and Bailey st 
Slagle M M, carpenter, res Charlotte st 
SLUDER E, broker, res n Main 
Smith L H, mica miner, res Water st 
Smith Stephen, wagoner, res n Main 
Smith Mrs Julia, cook W C Carmichael 
Smith W F & Son, leaf-tob dlrs 
Smith Sterling, W F Smith & Son, bds J H Carter 
SMITH T S, insurance agt, w side Pub sq, res Butterick st 
Smith H M, stonemason, res Chunn's Cove 
Smith T M, D L Boyd & Co, res n Main 
Snider W F, Powell & Snider, bds Mrs T E Reynolds 
Sondley F A, lawyer. Legal cor, res Cherry st 
Sondley Mrs H E, wid, res Cherry st 
Sorrells A P, Jones & Sorrells, res Cherry st 
Southern Express Co, office Eagle Hotel block 
Spain Jas M, farmer, res nr W N C R R depot 
Spears Mrs J C, wid, res Woodfin st 
Spears Jas W, carpenter, bds Mrs J C Spears 
Sorrells L F, cooper, s of Pub sq, res Sycamore st 



40 ASHEVILLE CITY DIEECTOEY— Whites. 

Sorrells P B, cooper L F Sorrells, bds same 

Starnes Jesse R, grocer, n Main, bds Central Hotel 

Starnes Jno W, X Brand & Co, res Cherry st 

Starnes Geo H, produce dlr, s Main, bds Western Hotel 

Starnes T F, grocer, s Main, bds Western Hotel 

Starnes T C, leaf tob dlr Banner W H, bds W T Lipscomb 

Stansill Mrs S C, wid, res College st 

Stansill Miss Florence, milliner Mrs Herndon.bds Mrs S C Stansill 

Stansill Miss Jessie, librarian Asheville Public Library, bds Mrs 

S C Stansill 
Stepp J W, ins agt with T S Smith, res s Main 
Steele Jno B, Edwin Bates & Co, Charleston, res White Pine st 
Stikeleather F, agt Southern Ex Co, bds Eagle Hotel 
STOCKTON J A, tailor, s Main, opp Swannanoa Hotel 
Stone Jordan, Furman, Stone & Cameron, res White Pine 
Stradley Jas, res n Main 

Stradley J M, wheelwright, n Main, res same 
Stradley Saml, res College st 
Stroup S T, lab, res Valley st 
Summey D F, physician, office at res. Walnut st 
Summey D F Jr, elks J M Heston, bds Dr D F Summey 
SUMMEY A T, justice of peace and U S commissioner, office 

over Van Gilder & Brown, res Haywood 
Summers Rev T P, prof in A F College, res in College 
Surcey J W, barber, s Main, res same 
SWANNANOA HOTEL, cor s Main and Willow, Dr W H 

Howerton propr 
Swicegood L, painter, Willow st, res s Main 
Swink John, wks Shelton, Jordan & Worth, res n Main 
Swink Mrs Mary C, wid, res with John Swink 
Swink Jas C, Swink & Goodlake, res s Main 
Swink & Goodlake, blacksmiths, s Main 
Swink Robt, Swink & Brown, bds L Swicegood 
Swink &. Brown, painters, s Main 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIKECTOEY— Whites. 41 



Taliaferro H G, druggist with Wiseman & Moncure, bds Western 

Hotel 
Taylor John, lab, res n Main 

TAYLOR NAT W, photographer, s Main, res same 
TAYLOR S R, livery, n Main, bds Dr Nelson 
Teague & Orr, grocers, n Main 
Teague Robt, Teague & Orr, bds Thos Orr 
Teague Wm, carpenter, res n limits 
Tennent J A, architect and civil engineer, res Best 
Thackam J R, elks Carolina House 
TOPPINGS A J, dentist, s Main, bds Western Hotel 
Townsend Mrs Cleopatra, wid, res n Main 
Townsend Geo, wks Shelton, Jordan & Worth, res n Main 
TOWNSEND C F, res n Main 

Townsend W W,wks Shelton, Jordan & Worth, bds C F Townsend 
Townsend J C, wks Shelton, Jordan & Worth, bds C F Townsend 
Trader Mrs E K, res Orange 
Tranham Geo W, lab, res Sycamore st 
Trexler B C, blacksmith, res s Main 

Trimmier Jas W, salesman J E Rankin & Co, res Woodfin 
Trinks Henry, gunsmith, n side Pub sq, res same 
Trivett S, boarding, cor French-Broad and Roberts avs 
Turpin Isaac, carpenter, res s Main 

V 

Van Gilder & Brown, T I Van Gilder, L V and T E Brown, 
wholesale and retail hardware, cor Pub sq and s Main 

Van Gilder T I, Van Gilder & Brown, and Ballard & Van Gilder^ 
res cor College and Spruce 

Van Gilder S, clothing, boots, shoes, and hats, s Main, res 

Spruce st 
Venable S F, principal A M Academy and city engineer, res 

Academy st 

Vining Howard, night elk Swannanoa Hotel 



42 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 

WADDELL D C, cashier Bank of Asheville, res cor n Main 

and Woodfin sts 
WAGNER JOHN A, architect and builder, res Woodfin st 
Walker R P & Co, leaf-tob dlrs, under Farmers W H 
Walker R P, R P Walker & Co, bds Carolina House 
Walker J L, carpenter 

WARE A B, dentist, n Main, res French- Broad av 
Ware J F, grocer, n Main, bds Dr A B Ware 
Ward Rev Wm, res Sycamore st 

Weaver W T, genl mdse, n side Pub sq, bds C H Miller 
Weaver W M, cooper, Willow st, res Sycamore 
Weant H A, wagoner Van Gilder & Brown, res Spruce 
WEBB W A, elks J A Porter, res French-Broad av 
Webb D H, elks J M Alexander, bds Jas A Webb 
Webb H H, res Patton av 

WEBB JAS A, elks Van Gilder & Brown, res French-Broad av 
Webb Isaac, res with Jas A Webb 
Weddin W A, Eagle livery, s Main, res s Main 
Weddin E, elks Eagle Hotel 

Welborn Rev J M (M E), res Doubleday's addition 
Weldon S G, mngr W U telegraph office, res s Main 
Welles E B, Pierce & Welles, bds Chas F Pierce 
West A G, Gorenflo & West, res s Main 
West J S, elks S R Kepler, res French-Broad av 
WEST S B & CO, tob mnfrs and proprs Farmers W H 



ia 



MOUNTAIN ISLAND MANUFACTURING CO. 

CeleMei f esterii M\ Carolia Cliewiij & Smoiiiii Toteccos, 

COR. WALNUT AND WATER STREETS. 



FARMERS TVAREHOUSE, 

FOR SALE OF LEAF. 

DEALERS AND BROKERS IN LEAF TOBACCO, 

COR. NORTH MAIN AND WALNUT. 

S. B. '^^EST & CO. 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 43 



West S B, S B West & Co, res Water st 

West E R, Farmers W H, bds S B West 

WESTALL T C & SON, T C and J M, contractors and build- 
ers, Chestnut st 

Westall T C, T C Westall & Son, res Chestnut 

Westall J M, T C Westall & Son, bds T C Westall 

Western Hotel, Pub sq, H K Rhea, propr 

WHEELER & WILSON MNFG CO, office n Main, J H 
Herring mngr 

Wheeler A H, painter, wks A W Revel, res nr depot 

Wheeler J C, saddler, wks J M Alexander, res Church st 

Wheeler Wm, saddler, wks J M Alexander, res Church st 

WHITESIDES, J B, carpenter, res Doubleday's addition 

Whitesides E W, compositor Asheville Cifisen, bds W R Young 

Whitson G W, dentist, cor College and Spruce, res 5 m S E 

WHITSON W R, lawyer, office in C H 

Whitson Geo M, school-teacher, bds J R Patterson 

Whitson J J, carpenter, bds Jas W Patton 

Whiten Frank, carpenter, res n Main 

White Miss Lily, nurse S H Reed 

WHITLOCK S, dry goods and fancy goods, Eagle Hotel block, 
bds S Lipinsky 

Wingate T C, confectioneries at Post-Office, res n Main 

WILLIAMS C M, bookseller and news-dealer, Eagle-Hotel 
block, res Woodfin st 

Williams F M, elks C M Williams, res Short st 

Williams Miss Florence, domestic W A Holland 

Williams Mrs Rhoda A, wid, res s Main 

WILLIAMS JOHN HEY, physician, office s Main, res cor 
Haywood and French-Broad av 

Williams Harry S, elks W E Pelham & Bro, bds Dr Jno Hey 
Williams 

Williams Mrs, housekeeper Swannanoa Hotel 

Williams M L, carpenter, res i ^^ m N 

Williams J C, leaf-tob dlr, bds Dr D T Millard 

Williamson J F, carpenter Gorenflo & West, bds G W Goodlake 



44 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 

Williamson N D, carpenter Gorenflo & West, bds G W Goodlake 

Willfong J T, carpenter, res s Main 

Wilder J B, bkpr Banner W H, res s Main 

Wilson J W, bds W T S Deaver 

Wilson J C, carpenter Gorenflo & West, res n Main 

Wilson J A, plasterer, res 23^ m S 

Wilson Mrs S C, agt for " Peace in the Family " medicine, res 

cor College and Valley sts 
Wilson Mrs M J, wid, res Academy st 
Wilson Marion, carpenter, res Short st 
Wilson S W, carpenter, res Short st 
WILSON GEO J, propr Grand Central Hotel 
WISEMAN & MONCURE, F A Wiseman and C H Moncure, 

druggists, s Main 
Wiseman H A, Wiseman & Moncure, res Danville, Va 
Wolfe W O, marble-yard, e side Pub sq, res Woodfin 
Wolfe F T, wagoner, res Doubleday's addition 
WOLFE W E, plasterer, res w end Patton av 
Woodfin Miss Anna, res Woodfin st 
WOODY & HATCH, J H Woody and Walter Hatch, carriage- 

mkrs, s Main 
Woody J H, Woody & Hatch, res Orange 
Woody N J, blksmith Woody & Hatch, bds J H Woody 
Worth F A, Shelton, Jordan & Worth, res Orange st 
Worthen C S, compositor Asheville Citizen, bds S B West 
Wright Joseph, lab, res n Main 
Wright W F, lab, res n limits 
Wright Wm, driver Weddin's livery 
Wright J W, blksmith, res Carter bldg 
Western Union Telegraph office. Eagle Hotel 
Wynne L F, condr W N C R R, bds Silver Springs Hotel 



Yeatman J P, agt Singer Mfg Co, res Cherry st 
Yeatman C H, agt Singer Mfg Co, bds J P Yeatman 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Whites. 45 



Yeatman T R, leaf-tob dlr, bds J P Yeatman 
Young B F, bar-tender W O MuUer 
YOUNG W R, sheriff of Buncombe co, office in C H 
Young Thos B, dep sheriff, bds W R Young 



Zachary & Jones, R H Zachary and J M Jones, grocers, n Main 
Zachary R H, Zachary & Jones, res Haywood co 
Zachary J R, elks Zachary & Jones, bds Central Hotel 
Zachary W J, elks Zachary & Jones, bds Central Hotel 



GEiNERAL DIRECTORY 

OF THE 

CITY OF ASHEYILLE 

COLORED. 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Colored. 



Adams Alfred, gardener, res Eagle st 
Adams Angeline, wid, res Sycamore 
Aiken Louvinia, cook Jas G Martin 
Aiken Minnie, domestic Jas G Martin 
Alexander Geo, farmer, res s limits 
Alexander Rev Jordan, A M E church 
Alexander Frank, lab 
Armstead John, shoemkr, res Valley st 
Avery Jason, lab, res Valley st 
Avery Rolla, res at Jim Moorehead's 
Avery Jane, domestic Jas G Martin 



Bailey Jas, bricklayer, res s Main 
Bailey Jas Jr, bricklayer, res s Main 
Bailey Nelson, whitewasher 



A.SHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Colored. 47 

Baird Lee, lab, res Camp Patton 

Baxter Lou, tobacco stemmer C H Barksdale 

Beard John, head waiter Eagle Hotel 

Belniore Burt, wks J H Carter, res s Main 

Berry Jim, blacksmith, res n Main 

Berry Rev S V, missionary Freedman's chapel, Episcopal, res 

Valley st 
Bouldin Sam, lab, res n of A M Academy 
Bingham Lil, bricklayer, res rear of Eagle Hotel 
Boseman Bluford, lab, res Valley st 
Boyden Giles, lab, res Cherry st 
Boyce Wm, lab, res n limits 
Boyce Mitchell, domestic Eagle Hotel 
Bradley Jeff, eating-house, near depot 
Bradley Louisa, housemaid W W McDowell 
Brooks John, livery, res White Pine 

BROWN HARRISON, school teacher, res White Pine 
Brown Jim, lab, res Academy st 
Brown Danl, butcher, res n of A M Academy 
Brown John, wks Shelton, Jordan & Worth, res n of A M 

Academy 
Brown Jesse, cook W A Weddin 
Brown Wm, cook, res nr Cherry st 
Brittain Irvine, lab, res Doubleday's addition 
Brittain Geo, lab, res n of A M Academy 
Bruton Henrietta, tob stemmer C H Barksdale 
Bruton Aaron, wks W T Barnett, res the Acre 
Bryant Sam, lab, res the Acre 
Burgin Pinckney, porter S R Chedester & Son 
Burgin Jane, domestic S R Chedester 
Burgin Harriet, washerwoman, res Sluder bidg 
Burgin Gaston, wagoner W H W^ebb, res Academy st 
Burgin Alf, lab, res the Acre 

Burton Solomon, produce dlr and boarding, Pulliani st 
Burton Caroline, nurse, res Beaucatcher 
Burton Maria, nurse Walter B Gwyn 



48 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTOBY— Colored. 



Carson Fannie, domestic the Misses Coffin 

Carter Joe, lab, res Sycamore st 

Caldwell Mary, nurse M C Klein 

Chambers Andrew, waiter 

Chambers Kate, domestic Thos W Patton 

Cisney Horace, wks John Brooks (col) 

Cisney Isaac, lab, res Patton av 

Clayton Lazarus, shoemkr, cor s Main and Eagle 

Clayton Jesse, lab, res Beaucatcher 

Clayton Jno C, carpenter, res White Pine 

Commons Hen, butcher A G Osborne, res n w of A M Academy 

Commons Maria, cook M J Fagg 

Cobb Chas, bell-boy Swannanoa Hotel 

Connally Vira, nurse Rev J P Gammon 

Connally Thad, lab, res Academy st 

Cope Mat, wks Bearden, Rankin & Go's tanyard, res Patton av 

Cope Caroline, washerwoman, res n Main 

Cook Martha, domestic A F College 

Corpening Wesley, domestic Dr Norcop 

Corpening Geo, waiter Eagle Hotel 

Corpening Laura, domestic Rev J P Gammon 

Crump Richd, lab, res Valley st 

Culbreth Privo, lab, res n Main 

Cummings Irvine, domestic Rev W N Morrison 

Cummings Sally, domestic Rev W N Morrison 



Davis Bob, blacksmith, res n Main 
Davis Delia, chambermaid Eagle Hotel 
Davis Tom, bricklayer 

Davis Harriet, tob stemmer C H Barksdale 
Davis Rowan, waiter Eagle Hotel 
Davenport ToUiver, drayman, res Hill st 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Colored. 49 

Day John, carpenter, res Sycamore 

Day Thos, cabinetmkr, res College st 

Day Ann, cook J R Rich 

Diazud Ada, domestic B E Atkins 

Dickson Isaac, domestic Rev D H Buel 

Dobson Ben, carpenter, res Roberts av 

Dobson Rufe, carpenter, res Roberts av 

Doby Perry, lab, res nr depot 

Doby Amelia, domestic Mrs Despard 

Dooley Robt, lab, res Beaucatcher 

Dooley Mat, cook 

Drummond Perry, lab, res Valley st 

Duncan Robt, domestic Jas G Martin 

Earle Nancy, wid, res Sycamore st 

Eddy John, bricklayer 

Epps Jim, blacksmith 

Ervin McDuff, lab, res Valley st 

Erwin Eillmore, cook Wm High (col) 

Evans Jesse, lab, res "White Pine 



Farnsvvorth John, lab, res s Main 

Flack Wm F, wks Taylor's livery, res n limits 

Flack Wm Jr, wks Taylor's livery, bds Wm F Flack 

Flack Elias, lab, bds Wm F Flack 

Flack Hattie, nurse J H Carter 

Fletcher David, wks A G Hallyburton 

Fletcher Robt, hostler, res Hill st 

Flournoy Dock, barber W H Martin 

Foreman Wm, lab, res s limits 

Foster Sandy, drayman, res Eagle st 

Foster Adam, whitewasher, res rear of Eagle Hotel 

, Foster Geo, harnessmkr, res with Jim Moorehead 



50 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTOEY— Colored. 

Foster Lem, res White Pine st 

Foster Joe, harnessmkr, wks J M Alexander, res Beaucatcher 

Forney Clara, cook Thos W Patton 

Fowler Sawney, lab, res the Acre 

Freeman Rose, tob stemmer C H Barksdale, res the Acre 

Freeman Alice, wid, res Beaucatcher 

Friends J H, wks H C France & Co 

G 

Gaither Pleas, lab, res Patton av 
Gardner Alex, lab 
Gash Milas, waiter Carolina House 
Gibbs Harvey, lab, res White Pine st 
Goodwin Retta, cook Solomon Burton (col) 
Goodwin Geo, carpenter 

Goodwine P J, boarding, cor Pulliam and Water 
Goodrum Maria, wid, res n of A M Academy 
Goode John, stonemason, res Doubleday's addition 
Goss Winslow, lab, res Church st 
Grant Eliphar, lab, res Beaucatcher 
Grant Trim, barber John Smith (col) 
Green J H, carpenter, res Church st 
Green Rev Henry, A M E church 
Greenlee John, lab 

Greenlee George, painter, wks L Swicegood 
Greenlee Burt, eating-house s Main, res Patton av 
Greenlee Ed, domestic Swannanoa Hotel 
Greenlee Wm, office-boy Eagle Hotel 
Greenlee B J, drayman, res Church st 
Greenlee John, gardener, res Hill st 
Greenlee Rachel, wid, res Hill st 
Greenlee Chas, drayman, res Hill st 
Greenlee Saml, lab, res Patton av 
Greenlee John P, lab 

GREENLEE ALFRED, blacksmith, nr W N C R R depot, 
res w side French-Broad river 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTOEY— Colored. 51 



Greenlee Rufe, wks S R Chedester & Son 
Greenlee Cindy, cook Rev J P Gammon 
Greer Jas, lab, res Patton av 
Grimes Felix, carpenter, res Beaucatcher 



H 



Haines Robt, res n Main 

Haines Lizzie, domestic C M McLoud 

Haines Liddy, res Beaucatcher 

Hall Jno, domestic Eagle Hotel 

Hardy Harriet, res Beaucatcher 

Harris Isaac, shoemkr PuUiam st, res same 

Harris Mahulda, wid, res New st 

Harris Nelson, res Beaucatcher 

Harris Henry, wks Morris' livery 

Harris Jesse, drayman, res Patton av 

Hawkins Sam, R R foreman, res Academy st 

Hawkins Mary, domestic Eagle Hotel 

Hays John, barber John Smith (col) 

Hemphill Rufe, lab, res Sycamore 

Hemphill Calhoun, wks W M Cocke Jr 

Hemphill Tom, lab, res s Main 

Herren J H, lab 

High Wm, eating-house, s Main 

Hicks Wesley, eating-house, nr depot 

Holt Edmund, lab, res Willow 

Holland Burrell, mechanic, res Patton av 

Hooten Adolphus, domestic Swannanoa Hotel 

Hopkins Henry, lab, res the Acre 

Howard Simeon, domestic E Sluder 

Howell Mack, drayman, res Short st 

Hudson Wm, blacksmith Henry Saxton, res Church st 

Huggins Wm, lab, res Hill st 

Hudgin Hillary, barber Swannanoa Hotel 

Hunt Isaac, lab, res n w of A M Academy 



52 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Colored. 

Hunt Thos, lab, res n \v of A M Academy 
HUMPHREY JOHNSON, barber Pulliam st, res same 
Hunter John, lab, res in rear J H Carter's 
Hunter Hannah, cook J H Carter 
Hunter Katie, chambermaid J H Carter 



Ingram Geo, wks C M McLoud 
Irvine Henry, shoemkr Patton av, res Patton av 
Irvine Adolphus, bricklayer, res nr A M Academy 
Irvine Nelson, lab, res Charlotte st 



Jackson Maria, domestic Eagle Hotel 

Jarnochan Mary, domestic A W Wilson 

Jinks Captain, office-boy Eagle Hotel 

Johnson Chas, farmer, res s limits 

Johnson T E, lab, res College st 

Johnson Harvey, porter S R Kepler, res n of A M Academy 

Johnson G W, lab, res Patton av 

Johnson Rev Caleb (Baptist), res White Pine 

Johnson Parker, wks W N C R R depot 

Johnson Amy, washerwoman, res Patton av 

Johnson Julius C, photographer, wks Natt W Taylor 

Johnson Isaiah, lab, res White Pine 

Jones Hoburn, lab, res Beaucatcher 

Jones Sallie, cook J M Israel 

Jones Haywood, wks C H Barksdale 

Jordan Albert, porter Penniman & Co, res Sycamore 



Kincaid Geo, wks Taylor's livery, res nr A M Academy 

Kyle Diana, res Hill st 

Kyle Albert, wks Jas G Martin 

Kyle Wm, lab, res Roberts av 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Colored. 53 



Latta Thos, elks Solomon Burton, bds same 

Latta Hattie, nurse Dr D T Millard 

Ledbetter Alfred, wks Thos W Patton 

Ledbetter Henry, lab, res Beaucatcher 

Ledbetter Rufe, lab, res Valley st 

Ledbetter Tom, lab, res Valley st 

Ledbetter Campbell, blacksmith Sycamore, res same 

Lee Lewis, domestic A F College 

Lee Jane, cook Thos W Patton 

Letcher Rev C P (A M E church), res Beaucatcher 

Levi Plum, barber Grand Central Hotel, res Church st 

Long Robt, lab, res Eagle st 

Long Moses, head waiter Swannanoa Hotel 

Love Anderson, wks Dr Hilliard 

Love Ann, cook Dr Hilliard 

Love Robt, carpenter 

Love Wann, lab, res Valley st 

Lytle Julia, domestic Swannanoa Hotel 

Lytle Hattie, cook J D Robertson 

M 

Martin Angeline, cook E T Herndon 

Martin Frank, lab, res Doubleday's addition 

Martin Caler, lab, res nr Charlotte st 

Martin Frank, rockmason 

Martin W H, barber Eagle Hotel, res Mountain st 

Mays Robt, bricklayer, res Valley st 

MacCray Jas, lab, res nr Farmers W H 

McDowell Charley, wks M J Bearden 

McGimsey Demoriah, cook W W McDowell 

Mcllroy Charley, lab, res Hill st 

Mclntyre Louisa, tob stemmer C H Barksdale 



54 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Colored. 

Mclntyre Manson, plasterer, res nr A M Academy 
McKinney J B, painter, wks R L Fitzpatrick 

McKenzie , waiter A F College 

McKesson Martha, domestic Swannanoa Hotel 

McKesson Jerry, lab, res nr s Main 

McLean David, blacksmith, res Beaucatcher 

McMahon Jas, lab, res the Acre 

McRea Jas, domestic Swannanoa Hotel 

Michael Vincent, cook, res Patton av 

Midgett Bannister, res the Acre 

Miller John, wks W W McDowell 

Miller Henry, whitewasher, res Hill st 

Mills Richd, lab, res s limits 

Moody Tom, plasterer, res s limits 

Mooney Henry, waiter Swannanoa Hotel 

Moore G E, wks Bearden, Rankin & Go's tanyard 

Moore Lizzie, domestic A D Gooper 

Moore Ghas, blacksmith, res Beaucatcher 

Moorehead Julia Ann, washerwoman, res Gollege st 

Moorehead GoUins, carpenter, res Gollege st 

Moorehead Jim, carpenter, res n w of A M Academy 

Moorehead Addie, nurse W T Reynolds 

Morris Geo, lab, res Academy st 

Morris Wm, wks Hampton & Featherston, res Gollege st 

Morris Gecilia, domestic Swannanoa Hotel 

Morris Susan, wid, res Sycamore st 

Morris Jim, lab, res yalley st 

Morris Louisa, washerwoman, res Patton av 

Morris Sophy, res Beaucatcher 

Murphy J G, waiter Swannanoa Hotel 

Murphy Geo, wks T B Lyman 

N 

Neal David, rockmason, res nr Gherry st 
Newland Isham, R R foreman, res Water st 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIKECTORY— Colored. 



O'Neal Henry, blacksmith, wks Alfred Greenlee 

OLIVER J C, baker and confectioner, Patton av 

Oliver Jas, bds J C Oliver 

Omaniel Fayette, bricklayer 

Opydike Canada, domestic S R Chedester 



Patton Mary, washerwoman, res Water st 
Patton Sally, cook E S Clayton 
Pearson Sylvia, cook A F College 
Penland Nellie, washerwoman, res n Main 
Penland Philip, lab, res nr n Main 
Penland Julia, cook S F Venable 
Perkins Plarvey, lab, res Church st 
Perkins Alex, wks Weddin's livery 
Petty Moses, livery s e of Pub sq, res s Main 
Petty Lucretia, cook S Van Gilder 
Petty Felix, wks Moses Petty 
Phifer Alfred, cook Solomon Burton 
Pierson Martha, wid, res Sycamore st 
Pinckney Abel, cook Swannanoa Hotel 
Price Chas, waiter Swannanoa Hotel 
Price Julia, domestic Swannanoa Hotel 
Porter Victoria, tob stemmer C H Barksdale 
Porter Frank, cook, res Eagle st 
Powell Robt, lab, res Sycamore 



Ragdale Ben, shoemaker 
Ragsdale Randall, lab, res Beaucatcher 
Rankin Dick, lab, res Valley st 
Ray Celia, domestic W A Weddin 
Ray Isaac, drayman 



56 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Colored. 

Reddick Wm, blacksmith, res nr W N C R R depot 
Redmon W R, janitor Asheviile Club-Rooms, s Main 
Reed Nancy, wid, res n of A M Academy 
Reed Florence, tob stemmer C 11 Barksdale 
Roberts Wm, lab, res Water st 
Robertson Henry, whitewasher, res the Acre 
Robinson Frank, barber, res n of A M Academy 
Rogers Dinah, domestic Solomon Burton 
Rogers David, wks Hampton & Featherston 



8 



Sales Wiley, lab, res Valley st 

Saxton H C, blacksmith, Water st 

Scott Julia, waitress Dr D T Millard 

Shepherd Newton, street foreman, res Hill st 

Shuford Kate, chambermaid Dr D T Millard 

Sigmon Burrill, lab, res White Pine 

Silar John, lab, res Eagle st 

Sisk Sarah, res Valley st 

Singleton Emmanuel, produce stand, n Main 

Skinner Robt, blacksmith, res White Pine 

Slaughter Andy, lab, res the Acre 

Smith Charlotte, washerwoman, res nr s Main 

Smith Anna, washerwoman, res nr s Main 

Smith Comfort, cook M J Bearden 

Smith John, barber s Main, res Beaucatcher 

Smith Fred, carpenter, res Willow st 

Smith Silas, wks C H Barksdale 

Smith Ambrose, lab, res Church st 

Smith Robt P, porter Berry & Co 

Smith Si, basketmkr, res Hill st 

Smith Geo, lab, bds Burt Greenlee 

Smith Louisa, tob stemmer C H Barksdale 

Smith Charley, lab, res Eagle st 

Sowell N W, lab, bds Moses Petty 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Colored. 57 

Speights Harris, wks Asheville W H 
Stevens Sam, lab, res Beaucatcher 
Stokes Jesse, lab, bds Solomon Burton 
Stroud Peter, lab 
Summey Wm, waiter Swannanoa Hotel 



Tate Wm, wks Weddin's livery 
Tate Logan, lab 
Taylor Elisha, lab, res Eagle st 
Thomas John, waiter Swannanoa Hotel 
Thompson Reuben, lab, res Valley st 
Thompson John, lab, res Eagle st 
Tucker Rhoda, cook S B Erwin 
Turner Cal, lab, res Eagle st 
Twitty T, wid, res Mountain st 

u 

Underwood Geo, wks Bearden, Rankin & Go's tanyard 

V 

Vandiver Daniel, tanner, res Eagle st 

w 

Wadlington John, wks Banner W H, res the Acre 

Warren Wm, engineman Jas Buttrick 

Warner Joe, lab, res Eagle st 

Walker Amanda, res with Edmond Holt 

Waters Allen, office-boy Eagle Hotel 

Weaver Laura, cook, res n Main 

Weaver Harriet, domestic Dr Gain 

Wells Isaac, wks Reynolds' livery 

Wells Ella, nurse S F Venable 

Wheeler Leah, domestic E Sluder 



58 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY— Colored. 

Wheeler Alex, lab, res Beaucatcher 
Whittaker Mitchell, drayman, res nr A M Academy- 
White Hubbard, plasterer, bds P J Goodwine 
Whitson Jas, lab, res the Acre 
Whitson John, wks Jas G Martin 
Wingate J P, school teacher, res Beaucatcher 
Williams William, porter C E Graham 
Williams Elias, lab, res Doubleday's addition 
Williams Clara, wid, res Doubleday's addition 
Williams Geo T T, foreman, res the Acre 
Williams Silas, lab, res Sycamore st 
Williams Jas, lab, res nr A M Academy 
Williams Solomon, res Valley st 
Williams Louvinia, tob stemmer C H Barksdale 
Williams Belle, cook Eagle Hotel 
Wilson Isom, shoemkr n Main, res Camp Patton 
Wilson Isaac, well-digger, res Beaucatcher 
Wilson Laura, cook S H Reed 
Wilson Anna, domestic E Sluder 
Wilson Jackson, lab, res Beaucatcher 
Wilson Jas, lab, res Sycamore 
Wilson Wesley, lab, res Sycamore 
Wilson Lucy, wid, res nr A M Academy 
Wilson Nancy, res Sycamore st 
Wood Toby, waiter Dr D T Millard 
Wood M L, wks Dr Jno Hey Williams 
Wright Harriet, cook Dr Millard 

Wright Rev J W, pastor Zion A M E church, res Cherry st 
Wynne Rev M W, pastor Nazareth Baptist church, res White 
Pine 



Youno- Fannie, domestic Swannanoa Hotel 

Young Leroy, wks J R Rich 

Young Ed, carpenter, res nr A M Academy 



ASHEVILLE 

COMMERCIAL DIRECTORY, 



-EMBRACING- 



A CLASSIFIED LIST OF ALL PROFESSIONS, TRADES, AND 

INDUSTRIES OF THE CITIZENS OF ASHEVILLE, 

ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED. 



Agricultural Implements. 

PENNIMAN & CO., n Main 
Van Gilder & Brown, s e cor Pub sq 

Architect. 

Tennent J A, Best 

Attorneys. 

ATKINSON NATT, Hazel Hill, w 

Asheville 
Carter E D, Legal cor 
CAETER & CARTER, Legal cor 
CARTER H B, Legal cor 
Cocke & Jones, w side Pub sq 
Craig Locke, office in C H 
CUSHMAN WALTER S, res 2J m N W 
DAVIDSON & MARTIN, C H 
DAVIDSON A T, office in C H 
GWYN WALTER B, C H 
HENRY & CUMMINGS, s side Pub sq 
JOHNSTON & SHUFORD, Johnston 

bldg, s w cor Pub sq 
LUSK VIRGIL S, office over Van Gil- 
der & Brown's 
MALONE W H, Malone bldg, n Main 
McLOUD & MOORE, Legal cor 
MERRIMON EMORY H, Legal cor 
PEARSON RICHMOND, Legal cor 



REED SAMUEL H, No 1 Legal cor 
Sondley F A, Legal cor 
WHITSON W R, C H 

Bakers. 

HALLYBURTON A G, n Main 
Johnson F M, n Main 
OLIVER J C (col), Patton av 

Bank. 

BANK OF ASHEVILLE, s Main, cor 
Pub sq 

Barbers. 

Hudgins Hillary (col), Swannanoa Hotel 
HUMPHREY JOHNSTON (col), Pul- 

liam st 
Levi Plum (col). Grand Central Hotel 
Martin W H (col). Eagle Hotel 
Sniitli John (col), s Main 
Surcey J W, s Main 

Baths. 

Hudgins Hillary, Swannanoa Hotel 

Blacksmiths. 

Cauble W D, n limits 
GREENLEE ALFRED (col), W N C 
R R depot 



60 



ASHEVILLE COMMEECIAL DIRECTOEY. 



Gilbert M L, s Main 

Ledbetter Campbell (col), Sycamore 

McDowell Bros, s limits 

Saxton H C (col), Water st 

Swink & Goodlake, s Main 

WOODY & HATCH, s Main 

Billiards. 

Eagle Hotel 

Acme Billiard and Pool Rooms, Eagle 

Hotel 
MULLER W O & CO, Patton av 
SWAKNANOA HOTEL 

Boardiug-Houses. 

Chunn A B, Patton av 

CoflBn the Misses, Haywood 

Fagg J A, cor Bridge and Qrange 

Goodlake Mrs E S, s Main 

Hunt H C, Valley st 

Miller Miss Mary, Grove st 

Postell J H, Orange 

Slagle House, Patton av, cor Bailey 

Trivett S, cor Patton and Roberts avs 

Weldon S G, s Main 

[Note. — There are many more boarding- 
houses in Asheville; above are given the 
names only of those whose proprietors 
wish their business announced in this book.— 
J. P. D.] 

Boarding-Houses. 

(colored.) 

Burton Solomon, Pulliam st 
Goodwine P J, cor Pulliam and Water 

Booksellers and Stationers. 

LYONS H H, w side Pub sq 
W^ILLIAMS C M, Eagle-Hotel block 

Book and Job Printers. 

ASHEVILLE "CITIZEN" 
ASHEVILLE "NEWS" 



Boot and Shoemakers. 

Andrew E W, w side Pub sq 

Clayton Lazarus (col), cor s Main and 

Eagle 
Freck A, cor s Main and Eagle 
Gilbert S M, Patton av 
Harris Isaac (col), Pulliam st 
Irvine Henry (col), Patton ave 
LEVY I & CO, n side Pub sq 
Wilson Isom (col), n Main 

Boots, Shoes, and Hats. 

(wholesale.) 

BREVARD J D & CO, w side Pub sq 

CHEDESTER S R & SON, Patton av 

GRAHAM C E, n Main 

LEVY I & CO, n .side Pub sq 

PORTER J A, Main st 

RANKIN J E & CO, n w cor Pub aq 

SAWYER JAS P, s 8 cor Pub sq 

Boots, Shoes, and Hats. 

(retail.) 

Bearden, Rankin & Co, s Main 
Berry & Co, Patton av 
BREVARD J D & CO, w side Sq 
CHEDESTER S R & SON, Patton av 
Hammershlag S, n Main 
HOWELL J O, n Main 
LEVY I & CO, n side Pub sq 
Mears G A, s Main 
PORTER J A, Main st 
RANKIN J E & CO, n w cor Pub sq 
REDWOOD H & CO, C H sq 
SAWYER JAS P, s e cor Pub sq 
Van Gilder S, s Main 

Brick Manufacturers. 

Dedrick J C & Co, Valley st 
Lyman A J, nr W N C R R depot 
Reynolds Daniel L, nr Camp Patton 
Sampson & Armstrong, White Pine 



ASHEVILLE C0MMP:RCIAL DIRECTORY. 



61 



Broker. 

SLUDER E, n Main 

Butchers. 

Lusk & Freeman, cor Pub sq and s Main 

Noel J, n Main 

Patton & Penland, s Main 

Osborne A G, n Main 

Rich J R, s Main 

Carpets. 

Hammershslag S, n Main 
HILL J J & CO, Court sq 
SAWYER JAS P, s e cor Sq 
REDWOOD H & CO, C H sq 

Carriage and Wagon Manfrs 
and Dealers. 

Gilbert M L, s Main 

Van Gilder & Brown, cor s Main and 

Pub sq (dealers) 
WOODY & HATCH, s Main 

China and Glassware. 

KEPLER S R, s Main 
LAW J H, opp Eagle Hotel 

Clothing. 

(wholesale.) 

BREVARD J D & CO, w side Sq 
GRAHAM C E, n Main 
LEVY I & CO, n side Sq 
RANKIN J E & CO, n w cor Sq 
SAWYER JAS P, s e cor Pub sq 

Clothing. 

(retail.) 

Bearden, Rankin & Co, s Main 
Berry & Co, Patton av 
BREVARD J D & CO, w side Pub sq 
CHEDESTER S R & SON, Patton av 
Hammershlag S, n Main 



LEVY I & CO, n side Sq 
PORTER J A, Main st 
RANKIN J E & CO, n w cor Sq 
REDWOOD H & CO, cor n Main and Sq 
SAWYER JAS P, s e cor Sq 
Van Gilder S, s Main 
WHITLOCK S, Eagle-Hotel block 

Commission Merchant. 

Berry W T, Berry & Co, Patton av 

Confectioneries, Fruits, &c. 

HALLYBURTON A G, n Main 
HESTON J M, Eagle-Hotel block 
Johnson F M, n Main 
OLIVER J C (col), Patton av 
Wingate T C, at P O 

Cabinetmakers. 

Brand X & Co, cor n Main and Cherry 
Finch R G, Haywood 
Hildebrand John Jr, 14 m e of C H 
Stradley J M, n Main 

Contractors and Builders. 

BUTTRICK JAS, west end Patton av 
Clayton T L, 2 m w of C H 
COCKRUM J W 
COOKE W H, s Main 
GORENFLO & WEST, P O box 54 
HUGHES G A, res Roberts av 
JACKSON W W, res Bailey 
Lynch S S, n Main 
Mann Horace, res Hill st 
MOORE JAS, res French-Broad av 
MURDOCH & COLVIN 
McCanless J M, Academy st 
Shackelford Bros, s Main 
WAGNER JNO A, Woodfin 
WESTALL T C & SON, Chestnut 

Coopers, 

Sorrells L F, s e of Pub sq 
Weaver W M, Willow st 



62 



ASHEVILLE COMMERCIAL DIRECTORY. 



Dentists. 

DOUGLASS B H, s w cor Pub sq 
HILDEBRAND G A, office at res, cor 

College and White Pine 
Reeves R H, n Main 
TOPPINGS A J, s Main 
WARE A B, n Main 
Whitson G W, cor College and Spruce 

Doors, Sash, and Blinds. 

BETHEL R S, n Main (dlr) 
BUTTRICK JAS, west end Patton av 

(mnfr) 
Clayton T L, 2 m w of C H (mnfr) 
HILL J J & CO, C H sq (dlrs) 

Dressmakers. 

Atkin Mrs S G, s Main 
Justice Miss Dinah, at Jas P Sawyer's 
store 

[Note.— Above are the names only of those 
who gave dressmaking as their occupation ; 
there are, no douht, many more in Ashe- 
ville.-J. P. D.] 

Druggists. 

CARMICHAEL W C, s Main 

DeVault C W, s Main 

LYONS H H, w side Sq 

PELHAM W E & BRO, No 2 Eagle 

Hotel 
WISEMAN & MONCURE, s Main 

Dry Goods and Notions. 

(wholesale.) 

Bearden, Rankin & Co, s Main 
BREVARD J D & CO, w side Sq 
CHEDESTER S R & SON, Patton av 
GRAHAM C E, n Main 
PORTER J A, Main st 
SAWYER JAS P, s e cor C H sq 



Dry Goods and Notions. 

(retail.) 

Bearden, Rankin & Co, s Main 
Berry & Co, Patton av 
BREVARD J D & CO, west side Sq 
CHEDESTER S R & SON, Patton av 
Hammershlag S, n Main 
HOWELL J O, n Main 
LEVY I & CO, n side Pub sq 
Mears G A, s Main 
PORTER J A, Main st 
RANKIN J E & CO, n w cor Sq 
REDWOOD H & CO, n side Sq 
ROBERTS G M, nr W N C R R depot 
SAWYER JAS P, s e cor Pub sq 
Weaver W T, n side Pub sq 
WHITLOCK S, Eagle-Hotel block 

Express Go. 

Southern, Eagle Hotel 

Fertilizers. 

Barnard W W, office at Powell & Snider's 
Barnett W S, office Central Hotel 
PORTER J A, Main st 

Florists. 

ASHEVILLE GREENHOUSES, 

White Oak, opp A F College 
PARKER H M, 3 m S E. (See Best P O) 

Flouring Mills. 

Hazel-Green Mills, R O Patterson, 2 m W 
Patton's Mill, Cocke & Roberts, 5 m S E. 

(See Best P O) 
Van Gilder T I, 2 m N 

Foundry and Machine Shop. 

GIRDWOOD N W, W N C R R depot 

Furniture Dealers. 

BETHEL R S, n Main 

HILL J J & CO, n side C H sq 



ASHEVILLE COMMERCIAL DIRECTORY. 



63 



Grist Mills. 

City Steam Mills, Pierce & Welles, s e 

of CH 
Hildebrand Jno Jr, li m E 
Mclsaacs H, Valley st 

Grocers. 

(wholesale.) 

Bearden, Rankin & Co, s Main 
CHEDESTER S R & SON, Fatten av 
PORTER J A, Main st 
POWELL & SNIDER, n Main 
KANKIN J E & CO, n Main 
SAWYER JAS P, s e cor Pub sq 

Grocers. 

(retail.) 

Alexander J M, w side Sq 
Bearden, Rankin & Co, s Main 
Berry & Co, Patton ay 
Boyd D L & Co, n Main 
BREVARD J D & CO, w side Pub sq 
Burnett J H, n Main 
CHEDESTER S R & SON, Patton av 
Davis A C, n Main 
Goodlake G W, s Main 
HALLYBURTON A G, n Main 
Hammersblag S, n Main 
HESTON J M, Eagle Hotel 
HOWELL J O, n Main 
Johnson F M, n Main 
KEPLER S R, s Main 
LEE & CHILDS, n Main 
Mears G A, s Main 
McDonald & BRANDON, s Main 
McDowell Bros, s limits 
MURRAY J L, s Main 
PORTER J A, Main st 
POWELL & SNIDER, n Main 
RANKIN J E & CO, n w cor Sq 
REDWOOD H & CO, C H sq 
ROBERTS G M, W N C R R depot 



SAWYER JAS P, s e cor C H sq 
Starnes Jesse R, n Main 
Starnes Geo H, s Main 
Starnes T F, s Main 
Teague & Orr, n Main 
Ware J F, n Main 
Weaver W T, n side Sq 
Zachary & Jones, n Main 

Grain Dealers. 

Boyd D L & Co, n Main 

Gun and Locksmith. 

Trinks Henry, C H sq 



Hardware. 

(wholesale and retail.) 

PENNIMAN & CO, n Main 
Van Gilder & Brown, cor Public sq and 
s Main 

Harness and Saddle Manfrs. 

Alexander J M, w side Public sq 
Gilbert S M, Patton av 
CAMPBELL & HARKEY, s Main 

Hotels. 

Central, W P Blair, n Main 

CAROLINA HOUSE, A J DODA- 
MEAD, n Main 

GRAND CENTRAL, S R CHEDES- 
TER & SON, Patton av, Water and 
Pulliam sts 

Eagle, E T Clemmons, s Main, Eagle 
and Sycamore sts 

SWANNANOA, Dr W H HOWER- 
TON, s Main and WiUow 

Western, H K Rhea, Pub sq 

Ice. 

CARMICHAEL W C, s Main 



64 



ASHEVILLE COMMERCIAL DIRECTOEY. 



Insurance Agents and Com- 
panies. 

ASTON EDWARD J, Aston Court, s 
Main — representing the 
City of London 
Commercial Union 
Fire Association, of Philadelphia 
Georgia Home, of Columbus, Ga 
German American, of New York 
Hartford, of Hartford 
Home, New York 
Ins Co of North America 
Liverpool and London and Globe 
London and Lancashire 
Lancashire 

North British and Mercantile 
Phojnix, of Hartford 
Royal 

Travelers, Life and Accident, Hart- 
ford 
Underwriters Agency, New York 

BRANCH THOS W, s Main 
senting the 

Hartford Life and Annuity Co 
Valley Mutual Life Association 
Rochester German — Fire 
Virginia Fire and Marine 
Virginia Home — Fire 
Phoenix Assurance Co, of London 

GWYN WALTER B, C H-represent- 
ing the 

Agricultural, of Watertown 

W S CHILD Jr, C H— representing 
the 

Lancashire Ins Co 
London Assurance Corporation 
Scottish Union and National 
Western Assurance Co 

SMITH THOS S, w side Pub sq— repre- 
senting the 
Great Eastern Mutual Life, Balti- 
more 



-repre- 



WEST S B— representing the 
Life Insurance Co, of Va 

Jeweler. 

COWAN CANADA, Patton av 

Liquors and Wines. 

(wholesale.) 
HAMPTON & FEATHERSTON, w 

side Sq 
MULLER W O & CO, Patton av 

Liquors and Wines. 

(retail.) 

DEAVER & CO, n Main, opp P O 

Eagle-Hotel Bar 

HAMPTON & FEATHERSTON, w 

side Sq 
Jones & Sorrells, s Main 
MULLER W O, s Main 
SWANNANOA-HOTEL BAR 

Livery. 

Eagle Stables, W A Weddin, s Main 
EXCELSIOR STABLES, Jas M Ray, 

s Main 
Reynolds W T, cor Water and Pulliam 
SWANNANOA STABLE, B W Morris, 

Eagle St 
TAYLOR S R, n Main 

Lumber Dealers. 

Arthur T S Jr, bds Carolina House 
BUTTRICK JAS, west end Patton av 
Campbell Jas E, res Haywood st 
DOUBLEDAY & SCOTT, Patton av 
Gilmore J R & Co, office in C H 

Marble Yard. 

Wolfe W O, e side Pub sq 

Merchant Tailor. 

SCHARTLE J W, e side Pub sq 



ASHEVILLE COMMEECIAL DIEECTOEY. 



65 



Millinery. 

Herndon Mrs H M, s Main 
Mann Mrs Horace, s Main 
SAWYEE JAS P, Pub sq 
WHITLOCK S, s Main 

Newsdealers. 

LYONS H H, Pub sq 
WILLIAMS C M, Eagle Hotel 

Newspapers. 

ASHEVILLE "CITIZEN," weekly and 

semi-weekly, s e cor Pub sq 
ASHEVILLE "NEWS," weekly, n 

Main 

Notaries Public. 

ASTON E J, Aston Court, s Main 
HEENDON E W, C H 
WADDELL D C, Bank of Aslieville 

Painters. 

Acker "VV H, Pub sq 
FITZPATEICK E L, n Main,opp P O 
EEVEL A W, res Doubleday's addition 
Swicegood L, Willow st 
Swink & Brown, s Main 

Paints and Oils. 

BALLAED & VAN GILDEE, Pub sq 
CAEMICHAEL W C, s Main 
SAWYEE JAS P, Pub sq 

Photographers. 

EOBEETSON W T (stereoscopic views) 
TAYLOE & FOLSOM, s Main 

Physicians. 

Burroughs J A, s w cor Pub sq 
CAIN D J, at res, s Main 
Hale Amie M, at res, Patton av 
HAEDY J G, at res, Church st 
HILLIAED W L, s Main 
Kennedy S D, over Kepler's store 



NELSON M L, at res, Woodfin st 
NOECOP PEECY T, F E C S, at res. 

Grove st 
Sunjmey D F, at res. Walnut st 
WILLIAMS JNO HEY, s Main 

Planing Mills, 

BUTTEICK JAS, w end Patton av 
Clayton T L, 2 m w of C H 

Railroads. 

Western North Carolina, from Salisbury 
to Paint Eock ; and Ducktown branch 
of same, from Asheville to Pigeon 
Eiver. Freight and passenger depots 
at foot of Patton av, on French-Broad 
river 

Real Estate Agents. 

ASTON EDWAED J, Aston Court, s 

Main 
ATKINSON NATT, at res. Hazel Hill, 

w Asheville 
GWYN WALTEE B, office in C H 
Jones B M, at Bethel's store 
CHILD W S Jr, office in C H 

Sewing Machines. 

"AMEEICAN" and "DAVIS," J A 
Porter, Main st 

DOMESTIC, S E Chedester & Son, Pat- 
ton av 

Singer Mfg Co, n Main, M H Moynihan, 
mngr 

WHEELEE & WILSON MFG CO, n 
Main, J H Herring, mngr 

Stoves and Tinware. 

(wholesale and retail.) 

BALLAED & VAN GILDEE, Pub sq 
PENNIMAN & CO, n Main 

Silverware. 

COWAN CANADA, Patton av 



66 



ASHEVILLE COMMEECIAL DIRECTOEY. 



LAW J H, s Main, opp Eagle Hotel 

Tanyard. 

BEARDEN, RANKIN & CO, n Main 

Telegraph Companies. 

Asheville and Hendersonville, office 

Eagle Hotel 
Western Union, office Eagle Hotel 

Leaf-Tobacco Dealers. 

Barnard W W, Farmers W H 
BARKSDALE C H, Walnut 
BRANCH THOS W, s Main 
CARTER J H, Willow st 
CARTER J D, Asheville W H 
DRUMMOND J A, Banner W H 
France H C & Co, under Asheville W H 
France W S, bds H C France 
HENDERSON BROS, Walnut st 
Jordan J F, bds C E Lee 
McCarthy C C, bds Swannanoa Hotel 
Norman W F, bds Eagle Hotel 
Perrow B M, bds Swannanoa Hotel 
Smith W F & Son 
Starnes T C, Banner W H 
Walker R P & Co, under Farmers W H 
Williams J C, bds Dr D T Millard 
Yeatman T R, bds J P Yeatman 



Tobacco Manufacturers. 

(chewing and smoking.) 

MOUNTAIN ISLAND MFG CO, cor 

Walnut and Water sts 
SHELTON, JORDAN & WORTH, 

Beaver Dam 

(smoking.) 

HOLMES E I & CO, Church st 
RAY J E, sample-office Pub sq 

Tobacco Stripper. 

BARKSDALE C H, Walnut st 

Tobacco Warehouses. 

Asheville, s Main 
BANNER, cor Walnut and Water 
FARMERS, cor n Main and Walnut 
RAY'S, s Main 

Tinners. 

BALLARD & VAN GILDER, Pub sq 
LINDSEY & BRO, Patton av 
Parker J H, n Main 

Undertaker. 

Brand X & Co, cor u Main and Cherry 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY. 



City Government. 

Mayor — Virgil S Lusk, ofifice cor Pub sq and s Main 
Treasurer — F M Miller, office at Penniman & Go's 
Chief of Police — H S Harkins 
Marshal, and City Tax-Collector — A H Baird 
City Engineer — S F Venable 

Aldermen— F M Miller, Jno Hey Williams, Thos W Patton, H C 
Hunt, Newton Shepherd 

Fire Department. 

Jas P Sawyer, Fire Marshal 

J R Rich, Captain Volunteer Fire Company 

Educational. 

ASHEVILLE FEMALE COLLEGE, 

\ College, Woodfin, and White Oak sts 

Faculty — Rev J Atkins Jr, President ; Rev T P Summers, B E 
Atkins, C Falk, Misses Laura E McLoud, M Love Branner, Cary 
Page, and Mary F Hawley. 
J A Branner, Business Supt 

ASHEVILLE MALE ACADEMY, 

Academy st 
S F Venable, Principal ; H L King, Assistant 

NEWTON ACADEMY. 
G W Snelson, Principal, xyi m s of C H 

RAVENSCROFT DIOCESAN TRAINING SCHOOL. 
Rev D H Buel, Principal, Church st 

PRIVATE SCHOOL. 

Miss Mary Sawyer, n Main, opp Woodfin 



68 ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY. 

Churches. 

Baptist — Cor Woodfin and Spruce, Rev John Mitchell, pastor. 
Episcopal (Trinity) — Cor Church and Willow, Rev Jarvis Buxton, 

rector. 
Methodist Episcopal (South) — Church st. Rev G C Rankin, pastor 
Methodist Episcopal — Corner Patton av and Bailey st, Rev W M 

Bagby, pastor 
Presbyterian — Church st, Rev J P Gammon, pastor 
Roman Catholic — Valley st. Rev Mark S Gross, pastor 

COLORED. 

Baptist (Nazareth) — White Pine, Rev M W Wynne, pastor 
A M E (Zion)— College st. Rev J W Wright, pastor 
Episcopal (Freedman's chapel) — Cor Valley and Sycamore, Rev S V 
Berry, missionary 

CHURCHES IN VICINITY OF ASHEVILLE. 

M E South (Bethesda)— 3^ m E 
Methodist Episcopal (South) — 3 m N 
Episcopal — 3 m N 
Episcopal (Trinity) — 3^ m E 

Secret, Benevolent, and other Societies and Associations. 

Cyrene Commandery, No. 5. — A J Blair, Eminent Commander; 

Jordan Stone, Secretary. Meets first Wednesday night in each 

month in hall of Mt Hermon Lodge 
Asheville Chapter, R A M. — A J Blair, High Priest; Jordan 

Stone, Secretarf. Meets the second Wednesday night in each 

month in hall of Mt Hermon Lodge 
Mt Hermon Lodge, No 118, A F and A M.— J H Carter, W M; 

Saml H Reed, Secretary. Meets the first Friday night in each 

month in their hall over W T Weaver's, Pub sq 
Swannanoa Lodge, K of H, No 646. — G L McDonald, Dictator ; 

Jordan Stone, Secretary. Meets the first and third Monday nights 

in each month. Hall in Sluder building, n Main 
French-Broad Council, No. 701, R A.— John Hey Williams, Regent ; 



ASHEVILLE CITY DIRECTORY. 69 

Jordan Stone, Secretary. Meets in the hall of Knights of Honor 
on the second and fourth Monday nights in each month 
PiSGAH Castle, K G R. — J R Brandon, Commander; JWTrimmier, 
Secretary. Meets first Wednesday of each month at hall of Knights 
of Honor 

YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 

Waldo H Ballard, President ; Henry M Parker, Secretary. Rooms 
on Patton av 

ASHEVILLE DIVISION SONS OF TEMPERANCE. 

Officers elected quarterly. Meets every Tuesday night in hall of 
Knights of Honor 

ASHEVILLE CLUB. 

Walter B Gvvyn, President ; Thos W Patton, Secretary and Treasurer. 
Rooms over Carmichael's drugstore 

BOARD OF TRADE. 

Richmond Pearson, President ; J E Rankin and T I Van Gilder, Vice- 
Presidents ; Jas P Sawyer, Treasurer ; Jordan Stone, Secretary. 
Meets monthly at rooms of Asheville Club. 

ASHEVILLE TOBACCO ASSOCIATION. 

J H Carter, President ; M I Jordan, Vice-President ; E I Holmes, 
Secretary and Treasurer. Meets first Monday in each month. 

ASHEVILLE LIGHT INFANTRY. 

W T Weaver, Captain ; S Whitlock, First Lieutenant ; Chas A 
Mosely, Second Lieutenant. 

Armory, third floor of court-house. 

ASHEVILLE THESPIAN CLUB. 

W R Bearden, President ; W C Ballard, Vice-President ; E E Heston, 
Secretary and Treasurer. Rooms, s Main st. 

ASHEVILLE PUBLIC LIBRARY AND FREE READING-ROOM. 

Open every day, except Sunday, from 9 a M to 6 p m. Rooms over 
De Vault's drugstore, s Main 
10 



Gazetteer of Buncombe County, 

CONTAINING A FULL LIST OF CHURCHES, HIGH SCHOOLS, 
SOCIETIES, &C. ; THE NAMES OF ALL 

MERCHANTS, MECHANICS, MILL-OWNERS, MANUFACTURERS, AND 

PROFESSIONAL MEN IN BUNCOMBE COUNTY, OUTSIDE OF 

ASHEVILLE— ARRANGED BY POST-OFFICES; THE 

NAMES OF NEARLY 1,000 FARMERS, GIVING 

THE NUMBER OF ACRES OWNED BY 

EACH, WITH DISTANCE AND 

DIRECTION OF RESIDENCE FROM NEAREST POST-OFFICE. 



NOTE. 

When no distance is given after a name, it will be understood that the party lives 
either immediately at the post-office, or less than one mile distant from same— excepting, 
in a few cases, where it was impossible to get the correct location. 

The names of county subscribers are in no instance printed in capitals. But few 
efforts were made to dispose of books in the county, the publisher relying on selling 
most of this edition after publication; in such a case, it would be obviously unfair to 
discriminate. 

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN BUNCOMBE-COUNTY GAZETTEER. 
A, acres; col, colored; m, miles; N, north; P M postmaster; S, south; E, east; W, west. 



t 



ALEXANDER. 

Ten miles N by W of Aslieville, on W 
N C R R and French-Broad river ; the 
village being built on both side.s of the 
stream, and connected by a substantial 
wooden bridge. Contains a first-rate 
hotel, several stores and mechanics' 
shops, and from 50 to 75 inhabitants. Is 
the point for shipment of the tobacco, 
produce, and lumber of a considerable 
section. A warehouse for the sale of 
leaf tobacco and farming produce is now 
in contemplation, and is designed to be 
ready for the crop of 1883. Alexander 



has long been a celebrated summer 
resort, and now, with railroad facilities 
and large additions to the already com- 
modious hotel, it is certain to become 
more popular than ever. A Farmers' 
Club and a Literary Society lend addi- 
tional attractions to the social pleasures 
of the place ; while boating, fishing, and 
ten-pin rolling can be indulged in by 
the lovers of more active amusements. 

Mails daily— S H Liles, P M 

Baird R, fancy groceries, produce, and 

fertilizers 
Blackwell D A, livery 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



71 



Blackwell's "White Sulphur Springs, 4 m 
W. Daily stages and mails. W L 
McDowell, propr 
Canby Wm, grist mill 
Clontz J C, physician 
Gettys J W, blacksmith 
Liles S H, depot and express agt 
McLellan D J, saw and grist mill, 4J m W 
Morrison T S & Co, genl mdse. Nova 

Scotia plaster, and guano 
Peace Jas, shoemaker 
Eeese A P, carpenter and builder 
Robertson M W, bds Alexander's Hotel 
Rudd Geo, carpenter 
Shepherd J H, saw mill, 2 m E 
Summer H A, carpenter 
Smith B J, propr Alexander's Hotel 
Wise Henry,wheeh\Tight and blacksmith 

Churches. 

French-Broad (union), li m W 
French-Broad chapel (union) 

Societies. 

French-Broad Farmers' Club — N R 

Blackwell, Pres ; F R Curtis, Secy and 

Treas 
French -Broad Literary Society — J C 

Baird, Pres; M W Robertson, Secy 

and Treas 

Mag^istrates. 

Peake Geo W 
Revis Thos, 3 m N E 
Rogers J E 

Principal Farmers. 

Alexander A M, 1140 A 
Allman Lewis, 109 A, 3h m N 
Barrett Wm, 45 A, 3 m N 
Bassett W P, 100 A, 3 m N 
Blackwell D A, 500 A 
Brown Wm I, 79 A, 3 m W 
Brown C C, 40 A 



Euckner J R, 259 A 
Clontz John, 110 A, 2i m N 
Clontz Ged, 120 A, 2\ m N 
Cole W O, 93 A, 4 m N E 
Coleman Isaac (col), 157 A, 1 m E 
Curtis F R, 500 A 
Candler C G, 150 A, 4 m W 
Embler F E, 109 A, 2 m S 
Ensley Alfred, 75 A, 3 m S 
Garrison W C, 275 A, 2 m N 
Gwaltney J A, 300 A, 2 m S 
Hughey J P, 94 A, 3 m N 
Hunter R A, 350 A, 2A m N 
Hunter W C, 42 A, 5 m N E 
Hunter W H, 284 A, 21 m N 
Ingram W T, 55 A, 2* m N 
Martin A H, 97 A, 1| m E 
Martin W Erwin, 128 A, 3J m W 
Miles John, 120 A, 1 m w" 
Paris Wm F, 88 A, 2 m W 
Paris David, 130 A, 2 m S 
Rector J P, 43 A, 3 m N 
Revis Thos, 155 A, 3 m N E 
Roberts J M F, 121 A, IJ m S 
Rogers B F, 130 A, 2 m S 
Rogers J N W, 114 A, 2i m S 
Shepherd Henry, 1156 A, 3 m N E 
Sluder Merritt, 161 A, 3 m S W 
Sluder W J, 128 A, 3mS 
Sluder Geo M, 26 A, 2 m W 
Smith B J, 76 A 
Sprouse Elias, 76 A, 1 m E 
Sprouse E L, 127 A, 1} m E 
Sprouse John, 160 A, 1 m N 
Sprouse Y A, 109 A, IJ m N 
Waggoner W M, 100 A, 2 J m E 
White R W, 92 A, 5 m n" 
White G M, 400 A, 5 m N E 
White W H, 126 A, 3 m N 
Woodson T S, 185 A, 3 m N 

ALTO. 

A farmers post-office, on S Turkey 
creek, 15 m N W of Asheville. Stock- 



72 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



raising is the principal industry of the 
surrounding community. Alexander is 
the nearest shipping point. 

Mails weekly from Leicester — D B 
Ford, P M 

Rogers P A, grist mill, Ih m W 
Trij^ett Elias, blacksmith, 1 m E 

Churches. 

Reynolds' chapel (M E South), 1 m E 
Methodist Episcopal, 1 m S 

Principal Farmers. 

Culbertson M L, 116 A, 1 m E 
Ford D B, 2iS A 
Gillaspie J F, IGO A, 1 m E 
Robertson RDF, 525 A 
Robertson W L, 587 A 
Swain AE, 195 A,lJmSW 
Triplett T S, 229 A, 1 m E 

ARDEN. 

An incorporated village of about 100 
inhabitants, on the proposed line of the 
S and A R R, which is graded from this 
place to Asheville Junction. The stage- 
road between Aslieville and Henderson- 
ville also passes through the village ; the 
former town being 10 miles N and the 
latter 11 miles S. Asheville Junction, 
8 miles N, is the nearest shipping point. 

Mails daily by stage — T L Rickman, 
Mayor and P M 

Arden-Park Hotel, Rev T A Morris, 

propr, h m N 
Clayton Robt, grist mill and blacksmith 

shop, 2i m N W 
Carland F B, shoemaker 
Frady Silas, gunsmith, 2 m N E 
Ford J M, carpenter, 2 m N 
Fisher Squire, flouring mill, li m N W 
Green Wm, blacksmith 



Hill Wm (col), brickyard 
Lance Bros, genl mdse, Ij m N W 
Lance F A, saw mill, 2 m S W 
Lance F A, magistrate, 2 m W 
Pinner A W, carpenter, 1 m E 
Rickman T L, genl mdse 
Rickman Jolin, carpenter 
Washington Amos (col), blacksmith 
West .J T, carpenter 

Churches. 

Arden (Baptist) (col) 

Mt Zion (Methodist), 2 m N 

Principal Farmers. 

Beale C W, 350 A, Arden Park 
Brown W J, 500 A, 2 m N 
Fisher Squire, 106 A, 1 J m N W 
Frady N L, 184 A, 3 m N 
Glenn E R, 132 A, 3 m N 
Glenn R B, 74 A, 3 m N 
Johnston T F, 50 A, IJ m N W 
Johnston J V, 92 A, 3 m N W 
Johnston W F, 250 A, 3 m North 
Lance F A, 350 A, 3h m W 
Lance J A, 350 A, ^ m W 
Pinner Ben, 107 A, 2J m W 
Powers W R, 180 A, 1 m N W 
Rice Marion, 303 A, 3 m N W 
Robertson J H, 490 A, 1^ m N 
Robertson A, 1312 A, 2 m E 
Robinson Thos, 150 A, 2 m E 
Shuford M L, 259 A 
Stroup Silas, 250 A 
Sumner S L, 108 A, 2 m N W 
Simmer J B, 150 A 
Willis D S R, 90 A, 2J m W 
Willis T L, 75 A 

Asheville Farmers. 

[Note. — In all eases the distance and direc- 
tion is from the court-house square.] 

Aiken J W, 421 A, 5 m N 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



73 



Baird E, 300 A, 3^ m N 


Keenan Hugh, 250 A, 2 ra N E 


Baird J S T, 240 A, 4 m N 


Killian C M, 260 A, 3 m N E 


Baird I V, 206 A, 3 m N 


Kimberley T M, 225 A, 3 m N 


Baird Zeb, 280 A 


Lange J H, 560 A 


Ballard G W, 880 A 


Lance P L, 90 A 


Barnard J H, 100 A 


Lindsey G W, 88 A, 3 m E 


Barnard H E, 58 A, 1 ni N 


Lusk Virgil S, 100,000 A 


Bell J M, 104 A 


Lyman T B, 170 A 


Brookshire Jas M, 115 A 


Martin Jas G, 286 A 


Brookshire Jno A, 57 A 


McCape E L, 450 A, 7 m E 


Brand X, 400 A 


McDowell W W, 175 A 


Bryson J W, 78 A 


McLoud C M, 180 A 


Burnett J S, 70 A, 2 m N 


Murphy Jno H, 200 A, 3 m S E 


Buttrick Jas, 120 A 


Orr Mrs M M, 200 A, 5 m S W 


Chambers N T, 750 A 


Orr Mrs S L, 150 A, 5 m S W 


Cheesborough John, 5000 A, 3J m S E 


Owenby Robt, 92 A 


Clark J A, 100 A 


Patton Mrs H K, 205 A 


Connally J K, 1^ m S W 


Penland J A, 116 A 


Cocke W M Jr, 332 A 


Pehland W H, 326 A 


Cooper AD, 112 A 


Pearson Richmond, 574 A, Richmond 


Cordell Alsey, 150 A, U m E 


Hill, 3 m N W 


Cordell D L, 200 A, 4J m E 


Reynolds Mrs S A, 140 A, 3 m N 


Cowan Canada, 360 A 


Reynolds W T, 242 A 


Cusbman Walter S, 146 A, 2 J m N W 


Rossell W H, 200 A, 2 m S 


Corpening W G, 125 A 


Reed Jas E, 775 A 


Davis G W, 76 A 


Sigglekow A W, 100 A, 5 m S W 


Davis Asbury, 225 A, 6 m S W 


Shelton S C, 150 A, U m N E 


Falls of the Neuse Mfg Co, Sulphur 


Sluder E, 1500 A 


Springs, 967 A, 4 m W 


Smith H B, 171 A, 2 m N 


Fagg M J, 2000 A 


Smith L H, 151 A 


Franks Jas, 154 A, 3| m E 


Smith W Marion, 182 A, 5 m W 


Garrett A, 179 A, li m S W 


Smith D V, 205 A, 4 m N 


Greenlee Alfred (col), 190 A 


Sondley Mrs H E, 385 A 


Hardy Dr J G, 112 A 


Starnes J H, 123 A 


Hawley Mrs J E, 130 A 


Stradley Rev Thos, 740 A, 5 m N 


Hildebrand Mrs M A, 145 A, 2 m E 


Stradley Joseph H, 350 A, 4| m N 


Billiard Dr W L, 145 A 


Tennent Mrs M J, 216 A, 6 m S W 


Howell J L, 572 A, 2h m N 


Vance R B, 750 A, 5 m N 


Israel W A, 156 A 


Van Gilder T I, 100 A 


Johnston R B, 10,000 A 


Way Mrs M H, 230 A, 3 m N 


Johnston Thos D, 210 A 


Wilson John W, 73 A 


Jones J M, 157 A, 4 m S W 


Webb Jas A, 250 A 


Jones J A, 43 A, 5 m N 


Whitson G W, 250 A, 6 m S E 


Jones Stephen, 850 A 


Young W R, 180 A 



74 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



AVERY'S CREEK. 

Farmers post-office on creek of same 
name, 10 miles S W of Asheville. The 
principal crops cultivated in this section 
are corn, wheat, oats, and potatoes. Ashe- 
ville Junction, Best F O, 8 m N E, is the 
nearest shipping point. 

Mails tri-weekly from Asheville by 
horseback — Joel Ingram, P M 

Cockrum Moses, saw and grist mill, 2 mW 
Collins Tom, blacksmith 
Ducker Wm, lawyer, 3 m W 
Graham Milas (col), blacksmith, 3 m "\V 
Glencoe Mills, saw, grist, and furniture 

mfg, L M Hatch, propr, 4 m N W 
Ledbetter Z T, genl mdse 

Church. 

Avery's Creek (union) 

Magistrates. 

Israel P J, 1 m S 
Ledbetter R, 1 m N 

Principal Farmers. 

Bird T J, 126 A, 6 m N E 
Cockrum Moses, 660 A, 2 m W 
Cole Joel, 79 A, IJ m S 
Creasman Wm, 125 A, 4 m N 
Creasman N B, 60 A, 5 m N 
Graham M W, 92 A, 2 m E 
Glenn M S, 623 A, 3 m N 
Israel P J, 238 A, 1 m S 
Jones Thos, 563 A, 5 m N 
Jones Russell, 225 A, 4J m N E 
Lance M K, 178 A, 3 m W 
Lance J R, 242 A, 3 m W 
Ledbetter Richd, 480 A, 1 m N 
Ledbetter Z T, 125 A 
Ledbetter C W, 125 A, 1^ m S 
Morris Wm, 500 A, 6 m N 
Shipman W P, 239 A, 2^ m N 



►Springs W T, 100 A, 4i m N E 
Walker J W, 281 A, 3 m W 

BARNARDSVILLE. 

A farmers post-office on Big Ivy creek, 
20 m N E of Asheville. Wheat, corn, 
oats, and tobacco are cultivated in the 
surrounding country, but the latter crop 
leads all others. Alexander, 15 m dis- 
tant, is the nearest shipping point 

Mails semi-weekly— J D Barnard, P M 

Barnard J D, mill and tanyard 
Roberts J H & Co, genl mdse 

Churches. 

Big Ivy (M E South) 
Big Ivy (Baptist) 

Principal Farmers. 

Anders Jno G, 200 A, 1 m S 
Anderson A G, 800 A 
Barnard J D, 223 A 
Brigman Joel, 1350 A, 3 m S 
Burlison J M, 225 A, 2 m S E 
Burlison A J, 120 A, 5 m E 
Burlison Jas W^ 300 A, 2 m E 
Burlison J E, 125 A, 2 m E 
Burlison A, 60 A, 2 m E 
Burlison A W, 50 A, 2 m E 
Buckner N T, 150 A, 2 m S 
Carson N F, 75 A, 2 m E 
Carter Jno H, 500 A, 1 J m S 
Cole J R, 116 A, 1 m E 
Cole G W, 292 A, 2 m N E 
Cole A J, 442 A, 2 m E 
Dewees Mrs Eliza, 325 A, 2 m N E 
Dillingham T J, 716 A, 5 m E 
Dillingham A B, 3000 A, 2 m E 
Dillingham E F, 1325 A, 4 m E 
Dillingham A G, 655 A, 4 m E 
Dillingham W G, 1246 A, 5 m E 
Harrall Martin, 748 A, 6 ra E 
Hensley Jas A, 450 A, 6 m E 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



75 



Hurst W H, 2290 A, 2^ m N E 
Hurst Jno M, 485 A, 1 m S 
Hurst J E, 140 A, 1 ni S W 
Hurst J C, 1200 A, 2^ m N E 
Plyder W D, 70 A, 1 m N 
Ingle A E, 200 A 
Ingle A Erwin, 250 A, 3 m S 
Liltlejolin E F, 200 A, 3 m N E 
Maney J J, 665 A 
McKinney J H, 50 A 
Russell Mrs Jane, 387 A 
Whittimore Martin, 450 A, 1 m N 
Whittimore C C, 250 A, 2 m N 
Williams S F, 500 A, 2i m S 
Williams C F, 100 A 

BEST. 

Called Asheville Junction by the R R 
Co and Swannanoa Bridge by nearly 
everybody else, but Best by the Post- 
Office Department. A station on West- 
ern North Carolina R R, at the pro- 
posed junction of tlie Spartanburg and 
Asheville R R, 2 m S of Asheville 
C H. Is the shipping point for a con- 
siderable region to the S, S E and S W. 
Extensive improvements in the shape 
of new buildings, and the filling up of 
Blowgun Gulch, long a dangerous pitfall 
for the inebriated pilgrim — have lately 
been originated. The Swannanoa here 
runs through wide and fertile bottoms, 
upon which almost any crop can be 
grown with profit. The Post-Ofiice pays 
more than any other in the county, 
Asheville excepted 

Mails daily— T M Porter, P M 

Alexander B J, grist and saw mills, 3 m 

SW 
Alexander W J, grist and saw mills, 4i m 

S W 
Currie J H, division master W N C R R 
Cocke & Roberts, flouring mill, 3 m E 



Davison J P, publisher "Asheville City 
Directory and Buncombe Co Gazet- 
teer," res 18,231 Hash av 

Neal T D, plasterer 

Neal J R, plasterer 

Pressley Jas, blacksmith 

Parker H M, florist and market garden- 
er, 1 m E 

Patton H C, elks T M Porter 

Penland N A, carpenter, 2 m S 

Porter T M, genl mdse and livery 

Reed Joseph, genl mdse, saw and grist 
mill 

Sales W C, saw and grist mill, 4 m E 

Sigmon A Y, lumberyard 

Smith A M, section master W N C. R R 

Smith Mrs M A, hotel 

Stevens D M, saw and grist mill, 3 ra S 

Swannanoa Dairy, 1 m W 

Tennent J A, architect and civil engineer 

Tennent G B, summer boarding. Antler 
Hall, 2^ m W 

Webb Cha<, depot agent W N C R R, res 
211 Hash av 

West Alex, carpenter, 2 m S E 

Whitson G W, saw and grist mills, 3 m E 

Wilson J C, plasterer 

Worley Geo W, carpenter, 3 m S E 

Churches. 

Gashes Creek (union), 3 m E 
Shiloh (A M E), UmS 
Swannanoa Hill (Baptist), 2 m S W 
West's Meeting House (M E South), 2^ 
mSE 

Magistrate. 

Penland N A, 2 m S 

Principal Farmers. 

x\.lexander B J, 307 A, 3 m S W 
Alexander W J, 400 A, 4 m S W 
Bailey J N, 81 A, lA m S 
Brookshire Mrs Mary, 30 A, 2 m E 
Brookshire Thos J, 68 A, 2\ m E 



76 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



Cheesborough W P, 105 A 
Cordell J H, 158 A, 5 m S E 
Creasman L, 97 A, 1 m S 
Davidson J C, 300 A, IJ m S E 
Davis T K, 50 A, 1 m S 
McDowell Mrs Julia A, 75 A, 1 m S 
Patton T T, 128 A, 2 m E 
Patton F P, 715 A, res 11 m S' 
Parker H M, 40 A, 1 m E 
Penland Harvey H, 113 A, 2i m S E 
Penland N A, 190 A, 2 m S 
Eandall F, 90 A 
Reed Joseph, 1250 A 
Reed M L, 470 A, 2^ m E 
Reed T J, 100 A 
Roberts Thos T, 150 A, 2 m S E 
Sales Mrs Margaret, 250 A, 5 m S E 
Sales W B, 44 A, 3J m E 
Sales W H, 455 A, 5 m E 
Sales Theo, 112 A, 3 m E 
Smith Moses, 140 A, 4^ m E 
Sievens R M, 254 A, 2 m E 
Stevens Mrs Nancy, 126 A, 2 m S 
Stevens D M, 117 A, 3 m S 
Stevens F M, 384 A, 4 m S 
Stevens T N, 275 A 
Tennent Mrs E H, 120 A, 2^ m W 
Weaver Dr J B, 224 A, 1 m E 
West Geo W, 550 A, 2 m W 
West Alex, 210 A, 2 m S E 
Williams Robt, 300 A, 3 ra S E 
Wilson T F, 440 A, U m S E 
Worley G W, 114 A, 3 m S E 
Worley R F, 325 A, 3 m E 
Worley W C, 170 A, 3J m E 



BLACK-MOUNTAIN 
TION. 



STA- 



A station on W N C R R, 18 m 
E of Asheville. Surrounded by a small 
area of fine bottom lands, drained by the 
waters of Flat creek. Is a point for the 
shipment of considerable lumber. 



Mails daily— J M Stepp, P M 

Aldrich L S, engineer W N C R R 

Bobbitt Jno W, depot and express agt 

Brown T K, flouring mill, 1 m S W 

Burnett M L, saw and grist mill, 4 m N 

Burnett W H, hotel 

Daugherty S F, genl mdse and boarding 

Daugherty J W, grist mill 

Daugherty J W, carpenter 

Daugherty Nelson (col), blksmith, 1 m W 

Kerlee C P, blacksmith 

Kerlee E B & E R, carpenters 

Kerlee Mrs L J, boarding 

Knupp Wiley, carpenter 

McKoy J M, genl mdse and boarding 

Rymer T B, carjienter 

Watkins J M, carpenter 

Churches. 

Tabernacle (M E South), Rev S S Weth- 

erly, pastor, 2^ m W 
North Fork (Baptist), Rev T K Brown, 

pastor, 4 m N W 

Magistrates. 

Daugherty J W 
McNair Jas, 1 m S 
Stepp John, 1 m W 

Principal Farmers. 

Burnett M L, 300 A, 4 m N 
Burnett Mrs Ann, 120 A, 4 m N W 
Burnett T L, 191 A, 4 m N 
Daugherty Lemuel, 543 A, li m S 
Daugherty L L, 107 A, 1 m W 
Daugherty S F, 260 A 
Fortune Geo M, 219 "A, 2^ m S W 
Fortune Thos A, 200 A, 3 m W 
Goodson W E, 270 A, 2-1 m S E 
Gragg W A Jr, 180 A, 3 m N 
Gragg Allen, 50 A, 2 m W 
Hamby A B, 130 A, 2 m W 
Hemphill Mrs Lou, 150 A, 1 m W 
Jones M, 112 A, 2 m W 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



77 



Kelly Wm, 230 A, 2 m N 
Kerlee L J, 154 A 
Kerlee E B & E E, 811 A 
Lytle Geo L, 182 A, 2 m W 
Lytle T L, 186 A, 2 m W 
McNair Jas, 494 A, 1 m S 
Mitchell S W, 167 A, 2i m W 
Morris A F, 100 A, 2J m W 
Padgett Jas M, 135 A, li m N E 
Porter Mrs S M, 65 A, 3 m W 
Stepp Mrs I A, 228 A, 4 m W 
Stepp John, 880 A, 1 m W 
Stepp J M, 285 A 
Stepp A H, 250 A, IJ m N 
Walker J H, 150 A, 3 m N 
Walker J W, 125 A, IJ m N W 
Walker Jas W Sr, 150 A, 4 m N 
Watkins J M, 68 A 

BUSBEE. 

A farmers post-office, 7 m S of Ashe- 
ville, on Heudersonville stage road, and 
near the proposed line of S & A R E. 
Wheat, rye, and corn are the principal 
productions of the vicinity. On Squire 
Murray's farm are found three distinct 
varieties of mineral waters — chalybeate, 
yellow sulphur, and a mixture of both. 
Asheville Junction (Best P O), 5 m N, is 
the nearest shipping point 

Mails daily by stage— W R Murray P M 

Churches. 

New Salem (Baptist), 1 m S 
Mt Zion (Methodist), 1 m W 

Magistrates. 

Eice J S, 3 m W 
Johnston F M, 3J m W 

Principal Farmers. 

Bell G W, 150 A, 1 m S 
Brown Burton, 160 A, li m N W 
Bro^vn Nathan, 148 A, li m N W 
Case A E, 105 A, 1^ m S 

11 



Hampton C E, 147 A, 2 m S W 
Lance M A, 125 A, 1 m S W 
Merrill A, 552 A, 3 m N E 
Merrill D, 820 A, 2 m E 
Murray W E, 551 A 
Murray S L, 100 A, 2^ m N 
Murray U D, 50 A, 1 m N 
Pinner Miss A, 233 A, 1 m S E 
Pinner Leander, 1246 A, li m N E 
Pinner Mrs Martha, 370 A, L] m N E 
Pinner Monroe, 50 A, 1^ m E 
Pressly W H, 122 A, 2 m W 
Shroat P J, 206 A, 2^ m S E 
Sumner J H, 125 A, 2 m N W 

COOPER'S. 

A station on W N C E E, 13 m E 
of Asheville, close to Swannanoa river, 
in the centre of a rich farming district ; 
is the shipping point for a large sec- 
tion of country. Contains a hotel, three 
stores, several mechanics' shops, &c 

Mails daily— Mrs A L Gladwell, P M 

Clift Chas, physician, IJ m E 

Cooper A D (Asheville), saw and grist 

mill 
Coggins J W, saw rnill, 5 m N 
Denny J H, blacksmith 
Daugherty Tom (col), blacksmith 
Gladwell Mrs A L, genl mdse and hotel 
Maynard John M, carpenter 
Melton Berry, saw and grist mill 
Muller W O (Asheville), distillery, 1 m 

SE 
Patterson R H, carpenter, 1 m N 
Patton John M, carpenter, 2 m N W 
Porter W Y, genl mdse 
White J R & J J, carpenters 
Wilson W H, genl mdse 
Wilson R I, physician 

Magistrates. 



Patterson R H, 1 m N 
Mitchell S W 



78 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



Churches. 

Cooper's (Baptist) 

Pine Grove (Presbyterian), Rev J P 
Gammon, pastor, IJ m N W 

Principal Farmers. 

Alexander G N Jr, 421 A, 1 m E 
Alexander J H, 100 A 
Coggins J W, 1031 A, 5 m N 
Davidson S W Jr, 174 A, 1 m N 
Davidson S W Sr, 192 A, 1 m N W 
Davidson J H, 80 A, IJ m N W 
Davidson W F Jr, 80 A, U m N W 
Hemphill W Mc, 872 A 
Hemphill W C, 500 A 
Patton Jas L Sr, 500 A, 1 ra N 
Patton J M, 193 A, 2 m N W 
Polk Thos J, 100 A 
Porter W Y, 85 A 
Smith Murray, 180 A 
Sorrell M W, 215 A 
Wilson R I, 425 A 
Wilson J M, 300 A, 1 m E 
White T L, 95 A, 1 m E 

DEMOCRAT. 

Farmers post-office 18 m N E of Ashe- 
ville, on the Burnsville road. Wheat 
corn, and tobacco are extensively culti- 
vated in the neighborhood, but tobacco 
is the leading crop ; as, indeed, it is of 
this entire section of the county. Alex- 
ander, 14 m distant, is the nearest ship 
ping point 

Mails daily from Asheville and Burns- 
ville — Jno A Carter, P M 

Carter's Mills, saw and grist, 1 m S E 
Woodward Jas H, genl mdse, 1 m S E 

Churches. 

Pleasant Gap (Methodist Protestant), 1 

mN 
Antioch (Baptist), 1 m S 



Principal Farmers. 

Buckner J A Jr, 190 A, 1 m S 
Carson M H, 90 A 
Carter J S, 420 A, 1 m S E 
Carter D W, 312 A, 1 m S 
Carter Mrs Elvira, 290 A, 1 m S 
Carter S P, 912 A 
Carter Z J, 514 A, 1 m S 
Carter Jno A, 1000 A 
Dula Rev T M, 92 A, 1 m S 
Forrester M O, 120 A, 1 m S E 
Garrison T J, 560 A, 2 m S 
Greenwood W, 1373 A, 1 m S 
McKinney C W, 70 A, 1 m S W 
McLean B J S, 188 A 
Metcalf Q S, 130 A, 1 m S 
Woodward J H, 98 A, 1 m S E 

FAIRVIEW. 

A farmers post-office in the beautiful 
and fertile valley of Cane creek, 12 m 
S E of Asheville, on the Rutherfordton 
road. Asheville Junction (Best), 10 m 
N E, is the nearest shipping point 

Mails tri-weekly — Jason Ashworth,P M 

Ashworth Jason, genl mdse 

Callahan J H, cabinetmkr 

Cooper R W, physician, 1 m W 

Dalton Jas, blacksmith 

Jay Mrs M J, grist and saw mill, 2 m W 

.Jones Mrs M J, flour, grist, and saw mills 

Merrill Saml, genl mdse 

Miller J, grist and saw mill, 3 m N 

Mitchell J W, saw mill, 2 m N 

Pinkerton A H, saw mill, 3 m N 

Sherrill Mrs, hotel, Hickorynut Gap, 3 

mSW 
Stroup W H, saw mill, 2^^ m W 
Whittaker D F, saw and grist mill, 3J 



SW 



Magistrates. 



Lanning L A, 3 m N W 
Young T J, 3 m S W 



V^/v 



GAZETTEEK OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



79 



Churches. 

Cane Creek (Baptist), Eev J M Hilliard, 

pastor 
Concord (Baptist), 5 m W 
Dry Pond (Baptist), (col), 4 m W 
Methodist (col), 4 m W 
Tweed's chapel (M E South), Eev S S 

Wetherley, pastor, 4J m S W 
Sharon (M E South), Eev S S Wetherley, 

pastor, li m W 

Principal Farmers. 

Alexander Jno B, 225 A, 1 m S W 
Ashworth Johnson, 355 A 
Ashworth Jason, 408 A 
Ashworth Eufus, 110 A, 1 m E 
Brank Eobt W, 500 A, 3 m S 
Casey Henry, 928 A, 2^ m E 
Clayton Eobt C, 125 A, 2^- m W 
Clayton E, 70 A, 3 m N E 
Cooper Alex, 361 A, 2 m W 
Cooper Adam J, 175 A, 1 m W 
Cooper Dr E W, 57 A, 1 m W 
Ear wood Thos Sr, 1050 A, 4 m N W 
Freeman Jerome B, 107 A 
Garren Eiley, 258 A, 31 m S W 
Garren Jesse, 196 A, 3 m E 
Grant Henry, 229 A 
Harper Peter, 196 A 
Hambey Mrs L L, 188 A, 2 m N W 
Jenkins Mrs Naomi, 150 A, 3 m W 
Jenkins Julius L, 132 A, 3 m W 
Jenkins Henry, 335 A, 2 m N W 
Jones Mrs Mary J, 154 A 
Lanning Jas, 135 A 
Lanning J M, 312 A 
Lynch Geo W, 371 A, 2 ra S E 
Lytle Alberto, 710 A, 5 m S W 
Lytle Littleton, 375 A, 2| m W 
Merrill Saml, 165 A 
Merrill Wm A, 150 A, 1 m E 
Merrill Jno Mc, 141 A, 1^ m S 
Miller Thos J, 1060 A, 2 m N W 
MitcheU Jno C, 124 A, 1 m N 



McBrayer Jno F, 260 A, 2i m E 
Nesbitt Thos L, 575 A, 4 m N 
Owenby Oliver D, 325 A, 2 m W 
Patton Aaron F, 154 A, 3 m S 
Pinkerton Jas, 1014 A, 3 m N 
Pinkerton Alf H, 400 A, 2 m N 
Eedmond Thos B, 240 A, 2 m N W 
Eeed Mrs Mary, 462 A, 2 m E 
Eight Eobt P, 355 A, 5i m N E 
Eight Jno E, 235 A, 4 m N W 
Sherrill John J, 130 A, 2 m E 
Sherrill Jas B, 424 A, 3 m S E 
Smart Thos L, 240 A, 1 m N W 
Spivey Ben F, 439 A, 4 m N W 
Toms Jas F, 628 A, 2 m S E 
Trantham Jas, 231 A, 2 m N W 
Whittaker Mrs Margaret, 200 A, 1^ m 

NE 
Whittaker Henry, 900 A, 1§ m N 
Whittaker David F, 234 A, 4 m S W 
Williams Sarah, 416 A, 3 m S 
Williams Jesse, 60 A, 3 m S W 
Young Mrs Eebecca, 207 A, 3J m S W 

FLAT CREEK. 

A farmers post-office, on creek of same 
name, 11 m N of Asheville, on Burns- 
ville road. Wheat, corn, oats, and to- 
bacco are cultivated extensively in the 
neighborhood. Alexander is the nearest 
shipping point, 6 m distant 

Mails daily— J E Brigman, P M 

Anderson , blacksmith 

Brigman Solomon, genl mdse and tanyard 
Filer J C, blacksmith 
Eller W C, magistrate 
Watson S A, physician 

Church. 

Flat Creek (Baptist) 

Principal Farmers. 

Brank A M, 425 A, li m E 
Chambers AV K, 392 A, 2 m E 



80 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



Cole M C, 250 A, 3 m E 

Cole J M, 87 A, 2^ in E 

Eller J C, 163 A 

Eller J P, 202 A, 1 m W 

Eller W C, 117 A 

Fox J J, 154 A, 3 m N W 

Fox J D, 79 A, 3 m N 

Garrison W J M, 93 A, IJ m N 

Garrison J W, 56 A, 1^ m N 

Gentry J R, 46 A, 1 m W 

Penland B F, 150 A 

Penland T B, 75 A, 1 m W 

Pickens R H, 127 A, 3 m N W 

Ramsey Mrs Rena, 190 A, IJ m N E 

Roberts Mrs Mary E, 157 A, IJ m W 

Roberts H C, 120 A, 1 m E 

Roberts J H, 158 A, IJ m W 

Roberts W S, 215 A, 1 m E 

FOXVILLE. 

A farmers post-office on S fork of 
Reems' creek, 12 m N E of Aslieville 

Mails semi-weekly by liorseback from 
Asheville— E M Jones, P M 



Church- 



South Fork 



Principal Farmers. 

Ballard David, 250 A 
Ballard Jno H, 125 A 
Jones E M, 180 A 

GRANTVILLE. 

A farmers post-office, 15 m N of 
Asheville, at Forks of Ivy. Tobacco 
and wheat are the leading crops raised 
in the vicinity 

Mails semi-weekly from Marshall, 
Madison co, 10 m distant, the nearest 
shipping point — A L Logan, P M 

Buckner B F, genl mdse, blacksmith and 

wagon shop 
Deaver W H, flour, saw, and grist mills 



Church. 

Forks of Ivy (Baptist) 

Principal Farmers. 

Beachboard Jas, 51 A, 1 m S 
Buckner B F, 100 A, 1^ m S 
Davis W M, 61 A, 1 m S 
Logan A L, 413 A 
Sams L W, 250 A, 1 m S W 

HAREINS. 

A "catch" office on Ducktown Branch 
of W N C R R, 6.] m W by S of Ashe- 
ville. Situated on Ragsdale creek, a 
branch of Hominy, in the centre of an 
industrious farming community 

Mails daily— T J Harkins, P M 

Gudger David, physician, 2 m S 
Harkins T J, carpenter 
Hawkins Joseph, wagon shop 
Norman S S, magistrate 
Stevens S N, flouring mills, 2 m S E 

Church. 

Sand Hill (Presbyterian), 1 m S 

Principal Farmers. 

Candler T J, 270 A 

Harkins T J, 83 A 

Henry Mrs C C, 601 A 

Hyatt Mrs M L, 150 A, 1^ m N 

Jones Mrs M E, 127 A, 1 m N W 

Lorick M C, 76 A 

Nichols Jas, 81 A, 2 m S 

Starnes A H, 280 A, 2 m N 

Starnes J R, 210 A, 2 m N 

Starnes C N, 154 A, 2 m N 

Stevens S N, 220 A, 2 m S E 

HIGH ENOB. 

A farmers post-office on Turkey creek, 
11 m N W of Asheville. In the sur- 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



81 



rounding neigliborhood tobacco planting 
is extensively pursued, and wheat, corn, 
and oats are also cultivated to a consid- 
erable extent. Alexander, 6 m E, is the 
nearest shipping point 

Mails semi-weekly from Marshall, 
Madison co, by horseback — Miss M E 
Hawkins, P M 

Gudger A M, saw and grist mills, 1 m N 

Ingle J P, carpenter 

Ingle A M, carpenter 

Teague & Hawkins, genl mdse, 1 m N 

Churches. 

Turkey Creek (Baptist), 1 m N 
Penland's chapel (M E South), 1^1 m N W 

Principal Farmers. 

Filmot L D, 144 A, U m W 
Hawkins T N, 165 A 
Hawkins Ben J, 137 A 
Hawkins J C, 167 A 
Hawkins A B, 172 A 
Hawkins Eobt, 155 A 

HOMINY CREEK. 

A station on Ducktown Branch of W 
N C E R, 10 m W by S from Asheville, 
on creek of same name. Is a place of 
great resort for summer tourists, who 
find here the very spot in which to re- 
cuperate from the turmoil of city and 
business life. Mt Pisgah, towering to an 
altitude of nearly 6,000 ft, is a striking 
object in the landscape ; the summit being 
12 m S W from here 

Hominy Creek contains a good hotel, 
a store, a mill and tanyard, several me- 
chanics' shops, &c. Is the principal 
trading and shipping point for a large 
section of fine farming country; the 
leading crops cultivated being wheat, 



corn, potatoes, and fruits ; stock raising 
to a considerable extent is also indus- 
triously pursued 

Mails daily— J M Thrash, P M and 
depot agent 

Boyd Wilson, steam saw mill, 2^ m S 
Candler W G, saw mill, 1 m W 
Cathey J L, shoemkr, 4 m N W 
Courtney J H, shoemkr, 1 m N E 
Dryman & Netherton, saw mill, 5 m S 
Herren H L, nursery, 4 m N 
Jones R L, grist and saw mill, IJ m E 
.Justice G B, wagonmkr, 1 m W 
Justice & Co, saw mill, 3 m S W 
Lindsey N F & Son, blacksmiths 
Luther Solomon, hotel 
Merrill A J, genl mdse, 1 m W 
Sharp Elijah, grist and saw mill, 2 m N 
Thrash J M & Co, genl mdse, flouring 

mill, and tanyard 
Thrash G H, physician, 1 m E 
Thrash A B, nursery, 1^ m N E 
Warren J M, saw mill, 6 ra S W 
Warren R P, chairmkr, 1 m W 
Warren Uriah, chairmkr, 3 m W 
Warren Andrew, saw and grist mill, 4 m 

SW 
Young W H, painter, 2 m W 

Churches. 

Hice Hill (union), 2 m N 

Hominy (Baptist), Rev W W Wells, 

pastor, 2 m W 
Montmorency (M E South), Rev W D 

Akers, pastor, 1 m W 
Pisgah (M E South), Rev W D Akers, 

pastor, 6 m S W 
Snow Hill (M E South), Rev W D Akers, 

pastor, 3 m N 
Stony Fork (Baptist), Rev E J Morgan, 

pastor, 8 m S W 
Trull's chapel (M E), 4 m N W 
Zion (A M E), 2 m N E 



82 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



Magistrates. 

Cole W V, 4 m N 
Green W H, 2 m S W 
Howell G W, 4 m S W 
Morgan Jesse AV, H m S 
Penley W D, 2 m N 

Principal Farmers. 

Alexander H N, 100 A, 4 m E 

Boyd Wilson, 50 A, 6 m S W 

Ballard T A, 400 A, 6 m S W 

Brooks Chas, 500 A, 3 m N 

Brooks Mrs Elizabeth, 175 A, 3 m S W 

Brooks David, 115 A, 2 m N 

Brittain T D, 352 A, 3J m S E 

Candler W G, 1250 A, 1 m W 

Clark W F, 112 A, 2^ m S W 

Clark W P, 85 A, 1 m N W 

Cathey J L, 145 A, 4 m N W 

Cole J J, 150 A, 4 m N 

Cole E C, 315 A, 4 m N 

Crowell W W, 455 A, 2J m S E 

Culbertson W H Sr, 45 A, 4 m N 

Culbertson W H Jr, 100 A, 4 m N 

Curtis G W, 174 A, 6 m S W 

Curtis W H, 119 A, 4 m N W 

Daves H W, 300 A, 5 m S 

Davis J B, 358 A, 6 m S W 

Davis H J, 1000 A, 8 m S W 

Davis U W, 250 A, 7 m S W 

Foster E C, 30 A, 6 m S W 

Gaston J P, 883 A, 3 m S E 

Green White H, 130 A, 1 m N 

Green Williams, 327 A, 2 m S W 

Gudger D M, 135 A, 4 m E 

Gudger D F, 193 A, 2^ m W 

Henry R N, 94 A, 1^ m N W 

Herren H L, 150 A, 4 m N 

Howell F B, 100 A, 1 m N 

Howell G W, 325 A, 4 m S W 

Holcome J H, 400 A, 3 m N 

Hyatt R H, 260 A, 4^ m N W 

Israel J T, 327 A, 4 m S W 

Israel W L, 110 A, 6 m S W 



Israel L Y, 100 A, 6J m S W 

Jones R LaF, 600 A, 2^ m S E 

Jones J R, 157 A, 3 m E 

Jones W H, 112 A, 3 m W 

Justice W T, 355 A, 2 m N W 

Luther Solomon, 900 A 

Luther H A, 273 A, 3 m N W 

Merrill A J, 108 A, 1 m W 

McAfee Ambrose, 100 A, 2 m N W 

Miller J I, 195 A, 4 m S W 

Miller Misses P A & E C, 120 A, 4 m S W 

Miller Jacob M, 192 A, 3J m S W 

Morgan J L, 140 A, 3 m N W 

Morgan B L, 191 A, IJ m S 

Morgan Wm, 200 A, 4 m W 

Morgan E J, 69 A, 6 m S W 

Morgan Rev E, 240 A, 4 m W 

Morgan Jones H, 400 A, 5 m N W 

Morgan W Y, 100 A, 2h m W 

Morgan Jas M, 185 A, 6 m S W 

Morgan A B, 690 A, li m S 

Morgan S M, 1019 A, 2J m S E 

Morgan J W, 215 A, IJ m S 

Neal Thos, 95 A, 3 m S W 

Penland G W, 183 A, 1 m E 

Penley W D, 100 A, 2 m W 

Peeples Wash, 265 A, 5 m S W 

Peeples W L, 215 A, 6 m S W 

Reeves T C, 125 A, 4 m S E 

Reeves Larkin, 128 A, 2 m S 

Rice Jas W, 200 A, 2^ m W 

Robertson W J, 153 A, 8 m S W 

Sharp J P, 132 A, 2J m N 

Starnes T A, 214 A, 2 m S E 

Smathers N A, 193 A, 4 m S W 

Thrash G H, 200 A, 1 m E 

Thrash J M, 106 A 

Thrash D V, 172 A, 2 m N 

Thrash A B, 169 A, IJ m S E 

Trull B R, 103 A, 4 m N W 

Warren Andrew, 253 A, 4 m S W 

Warren W B, 188 A, 4 m S W 

Warren J S, 45 A 

Warren Uriah, 213 A, 4 m S W 

Wolfe J P & Co, 175 A, li m N W 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



83 



Wright Wm, 227 A, 4 ra N 
Young J L, 227 A, 2 ni W 
Young S F, 200 A, 3i ra W 

LEICESTER. 

An incorporated village of about 200 
inhabitants, 10 m W by N from Ashe- 
ville. Situated on the waters of New 
Found creek, in the midst of a fertile 
country, which produces largely of wheat, 
corn, and tobacco. The town was founded 
about the beginning of the late war, and 
is named in honor of Leicester Chapman, 
who was the first to open business in the 
place. It now contains seven stores, one 
hotel, several mechanics' shops (all doing 
a thriving business), a seminary, two 
churches, &c. Leicester is very pleas- 
antly located in a narrow valley, from 
whose sides springs of living water gush 
in great abundance. 

Turkey-Creek camp-ground, 1 m W, 
is the scene of an immense gathering an- 
nually, in August, when a " camp-meet- 
ing " is held under the auspices of the 
M E Church South. Thousands of peo- 
ple, including many of the summer vis- 
itors, flock here on these occasions. 

Leicester is remarkable from the fact 
that it is the only town or village in all 
Western North Carolina that doesn't 
trouble itself about summer visitors and 
has no hopes of a railroad. Alexander, 
7 m distant, is the nearest shipping point, 
but most of the wagoning is done by way 
of Asheville 

Mails daily from the latter place by 
horseback — F F Brown, P M 

B A Lowrance, Mayor 

Alexander J F & Bro, genl mdse 
Alexander J F, constable 
Ball W W, carpenter 
Brown & Hampton, genl mdse 



Brown T C & Gudger, genl mdse 

Brown T C »& Bro, family groceries 

Brown T C, hotel 

Brown T C, saw mill, 2 m W 

Buckner Hiram, grist and saw mill, 5 m E 

Candler C N, physician 

Carpenter J C, drugs and groceries 

Cassidy G D, blacksmith 

Curtis B W, shoemaker 

Embler John, distillery, 2 m E 

Frisbee & Hampton, flour and grist mill, 

3m E 
Gilbert C F & H W, genl mdse 
Lowrance B A, harnessmkr 
Nelson H N, carpenter 
Penland & Sluder, genl mdse 
Penland W H (Asheville), flour and grist 

mill and tanyard, 3 m E 
Reynolds D W & J P, grist and saw mill, 

3mN W 
Shell Geo, painter, 2 m W 
Skinner & IJobo (col), blacksmiths 
Stevens J M, physician 
Stevens J F, nursery 
Sluder F, magistrate, 1 m E 
Sumner Jas, carpenter 

Churches. 

Leicester (M E South), Rev D M Clayton, 

pastor 
Leicester (Episcopal) 
New Found ( Baptist), Rev Joseph Miller, 

pastor, 1 m E 
Turkey Creek (M E South), Rev A W 

Curtis, pastor, 2 m W 

School. 

Leicester Seminary, Prof H F Ketron, 
principal 

Principal Farmers. 

Alexander J F, 244 A 
Alexander M S, 95 A 
Boyd R F, 240 A, 4 m E 



84 GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 


Brown John S, 291 A, 1 m N 


Meadows Cyrus, 460 A, 5 J m W 


Brown T C, 825 A 


Hears J H, 150 A 


Brown J E, 284 A, 2 m N E 


Mears Wm G, 150 A 


Brown Wiley B, 162 A, 3 m E 


Moore E P, 200 A, 21 m W 


Bridges Calvin W, 251 A, 3 m S W 


Parham W H, 202 A, 2 m N E 


Candler C N, 130 A 


Patton W D, 100 A, 2 m W 


Clark J M, 425 A 


Penland E P, 225 A, 2 m S 


Embler John, 309 A, 2 m E 


Penland W M, 58 A, 3 m N 


Embler Joseph, 137 A, 4 m E 


Penland A M, 151 A, 3 m N 


Erwin W T, 350 A, 3 m W 


Plemmons J H, 292 A, 3 m E 


Foster J M, 50 A, 1 m E 


Plemmons Mitchell, 165 A, 1 m E 


Foster J H, 113 A, 1 m S 


Plemmons Mrs M C, 200 A, 3 m N 


Frisbee J Marion, 270 A, 4 m N 


Plemmons Mrs Mary, 124 A, 3 m N 


Frisbee Mrs J A, 184 A, 5 m N 


Plemmons J J, 100 A, 3 m N 


Frisbee Wm, 349 A, 3 m S E 


Plemmons J C, 121 A, 3 m N 


Gilbert Henry W, 183 A 


Pownders W E, 95 A, 21 m E 


Gillaspie J A, 230 A, 5^ m W 


Eandall J W, 192 A, 2 m W 


Gillaspie Jno D, 450 A, 3J m W 


Eatcliffe A, 360 A, 3 m E 


Gillaspie W A, 81 A, 2 m W 


Eatcliffe M I, 104 A, 2 m W 


Gillaspie T F, 425 A, 6 m W 


Eeynolds A A, 1591 A, li m W 


Gillaspie J A, 309 A, 5J m W 


Eeynolds B Wash, 491 A, 3 m W 


Glance T C, 50 A, 1 m E 


Eeynolds E Harley, 200 A 


Gudger A M, 1793 A, 3 m N 


Sluder Jas, 366 A, 3 m E 


Gudger B G, 160 A, 2 m W 


Sluder F, 900 A, 1 m E 


Hampton G W, 589 A, 1^ m S 


Sluder Jas E, 170 A, 3 m N E 


Hampton Solomon, 230 A, 3 m E 


Sluder Carr, 150 A, 3 m E 


Hampton M F, 196 A, 2 m S 


Sluder Jas E Jr, 178 A, 3 m E 


Hawkins J F, 205 A, 3 m E 


Sluder F Jr, 190 A, 3| m S E 


Hawkins J Marion, 152 A, 4 m S 


Sluder Merritt Jr, 141 A, 4 m S E 


Hayes J Madison, 154 A, 3 m E 


Sluder Wm, 265 A, 3J m S E 


Hayes J M Jr, 165 A, 2i m N 


Sluder Jno, 132 A, 3i m N 


Hayes Kansom, 90 A, 4 m N 


Sluder B E, 112 A, 1 m E 


Hayes Jno N, 67 A, 3J m E 


Sluder Levi, 141 A, 5 m N E 


Ingle Frank P, 147 A, 4 m S E 


Smith W D, 190 A 


Ingle E S, 130 A, 4 m S E 


Smith Andrew, 170 A 


Ingle A A, 174 A, 3 m S E 


Snelson Thos E, 100 A, 4 m N 


Israel P, 318 A, 3 m S E 


Snelson D H, 117 A, 4 m N 


James T E, 313 A, 3 m W 


Snelson N, 247 A, 4 m N 


Jones E, 200 A, li m S 


Swaim Jas, 106 A, 4 m S 


Jones M M, 100 A, 1^ m S 


Wells Jackson E, 200 A, 2 m W 


Lee W I, 55 A, 4 m W 


Wells WF, 220A, IJmW 


Lunsford Amos, 173 A 


Wells Lon, 87 A 


Martin Jolin, 180 A, 5 m N 


Wells J F, 700 A, 4 m W 


Martin J B, 206 A, 6 m N 


West E, 140 A, 3 m N 


Martin L M, 132 A, 2 m N 


Wild Morgan B, 120 A 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



85 



LONGS. 

A flag station on W N C R R, 8 m E 
of Asheville. Tlie fertile bottoms of the 
Swannanoa at this point are extensively 
cultivated in cabbages and watermelons ; 
many car loads of the former "fruit" 
being annually shipped to the Southern 
markets, where " Buncombe cabbage " is 
preferred over all competitors 

Mails daily — Alex'r Colvin, P M 

Church. 

Brush Hill (Methodist Protestant), 2J 
mN 

Principal Farmers. 

Gash B S, 175 A, 1 m S W 
Gudger J S, 138 A 
Gudger W M, 155 A, 1 m N W 
Hemphill J H, 365 A, 1 m W 
Kimmell Wm Lambell, 1100 A 
Long T B, 250 A 
Moflatt G M, 98 A, 1 m N 
Shope L E, 148 A, U m N W 

MITCHELL. 

A farmers post-office at the foot of 
Black Mountain, 18 m E of Asheville, 
and 10 m from the summit of Mitchell's 
Peak. A hotel is kept here for the ac- 
commodation of mountain tourists 

Mails weekly from Black Mountain 
station, onWNCRR,8mS, the nearest 
shipping point — Miss Lizzie Patton, P M 

Allison J E, magistrate, 1 m S 
Daugherty, Burnett & Co, saw mill 
Patton Mrs Sophronia, hotel 

Principal Farmers. 

Allison J E, 441 A, 1 m S 
Burnett Danl, 100 A, 1 m S 

12 



Cordell W R, 200 A, 3 m S 
Patton Mrs Sophronia, 230 A 
Stephens F M, 1000 A 

MORGAN HILL. 

A farmers- post-office, 15 m N by E of 
Asheville, on Burnsville road. An excel- 
lent school and several churches are in 
close vicinity. Tobacco planting is the 
Ijrincipal industry of the community. 
Alexander, 8 m distant, is the nearest 
shipping point 

Mails daily— F M Stockton, P M 

Lewellyn R P, cabinetmkr f 

Morgan Jonathan, blacksmith 

Church. 

Morgan Hill (Baptist) 

School. 

Morgan Hill High School, Rev W C 
McCarthy, principal 

Principal Farmers. 

Bell O T, 75 A, 1 m S 

Buckner J .J, 90 A 

Buckner J M, 50 A 

Morgan T C, 825 A 

Morgan J P, 75 A, 1 m S 

Morgan S J, 112 A, 1 m N E 

Morgan Stephen, 220 A, 1 m E 

Sams J C, 340 A, 1 m S 

Smith D L, 140 A / 

Stockton F M, 60 A 

Williams L .J, 40 A, 1 m E 

Williams S R, 80 A, 2 m W 

NEW FOUND. 

A farmers post-office on creek of same 
name, 11^ m W by N from Asheville, 
the nearest shipping point. The people 
of New Found section are noted alike 
for industry and intelligence. The prin- 



86 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



cipal crops cultivated in the neighbor- 
hood are hay and wheat ; stock raising is 
also actively pursued, the animals being 
of a superior grade ; and in dairy pro- 
ducts the butter of New Found is quite 
celebrated. 

Mails four times a week from Marshall 
and Pigeon river— Laura L Green, P M 

Green J M, magistrate 

Hutchison C P, blacksmith, I5 m S 

Rhodes Abner, carpenter and propr saw 

and grist mill 
Wells T M, nursery, li m N 

Church. 

Zion Hill (union M E South and Bap- 
tist) 

Principal Farmers. 

Brown J Lowry, 200 A, 1 m N 

Coffee Mrs Em, 136 A, V^ m W 

Cole G Wash, 333 A, 2 m S W 

Cole Jesse H, 160 A, 1 m N 

Cole W P, 135 A 

Cole Joseph H, 231 A, 3 m N W 

Cole J Valentine, 97 A, 3 m E 

Cole David V, 104 A, 2 m N W 

Green J M, 400 A 

Herren E, 358 A 

Jones A M, 206 A, 2 m W 

Plemmons Levi, 547 A 

Rhodes Abner, 110 A 

Shook D H, 673 A, 1 m N W 

Wells Gid C, 100 A, 2 m N 

RAMSEY. 

A "catch" office on W N CR R and 
French-Broad river, 5 m N of Asheville 

Mails daily— J E Ramsey P M 

Church. 

Macedonia (Baptist) 



Principal Farmers. 

Brookshire B F, 150 A 
Fore Lewis P, 106 A 
Gosnell G W, 222 A 
Ramsey A G, 222 A 
Ramsey J E, 54 A 

REFUGE. 

A farmers post-office, 13 m N by W 
from Asheville, close to Madison county 
line. Tobacco and wheat are raised ex- 
tensively in the vicinity. Alexander, 3 
m distant, is the nearest shipping point 

Mails semi-weekly from Marshall — 
Philip Hunter, P M 

Churches. 

Refuge (Christian) 

Red Oak (Presbyterian), 1 m E 

Principal Farmers. 

Davis M C, 376 A, 1 m E 
Draper M A, 108 A, 1 m S 
Smith W B, 260 A 

RICEVILLE. 

A farmers post-office on the waters of 
Bull creek, in a fertile valley, 7 m E by 
N of Asheville 

Mails semi-weekly by horseback — J C 
Stevenson, P M 

Burnett G W, genl mdse 
Clark J C, saw and grist mill 
Reed J A, gunsmith, 2 m S W 

Principal Farmers. 

Clark J C, 88 A 
Glass J A, 100 A, 2 m N 
Gragg C P, 125 A, 2 m N E 
Hughey Saml, 183 A, 1| m N 
Reed J A, 175 A, 2m SW 
Rice A J, 100 A 



GAZETTEEE OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



87 



Shope W E, 350 A, 2 ni N 
Shope B G, 130 A, 2 m N 
Shope J M, loO A, 1 m N 
Stroup S A, 85 A, 1 m W 
Stroup S F, 100 A, 2 m N 
Stevenson D C, 97 A 

SANDY MUSH. 

A farmers post-office on creek of same 
name, 18 m \V by N from Asheville. 
Tobacco planting and stock raising are 
the leading industries in the country 
around this office. Alexander, 14 m 
distant, is the nearest shipping point 

Mails tri-weekly by horseback from 
Leicester — John Beeves, P M 

Brown Frank, carpenter, 1 m S 

Childs L L (Lee & Childs, Asheville), 

genl mdse, 1 m W 
Davis John, blacksmith, 1 m W 
Furgusson Thos J, floui-ing mills, 3.} m W 
Presswood J S, carpenter, 22 m S W 
Reeves John, flouring and saw mills 
Reynolds J H, physician, 1 m W 
Sprinkles & De Board, genl mdse and 

harnessmkrs, 1 m W 
Wells A B, saw and grist mill, 4 m S W 
Wilson J B, genl mdse, 1 m E 

Magistrates. 

Nash Wilson, 6 m S W 
Wells Jno W, 3 m S 
West Henry, 5 m S 

Churches. 

Big Sandy (union), 1 m W 
Ebenezer (Baptist), 4 m S W 

Principal Farmers. 

Boyd E M, 300 A, 4 m W 
Childs L L, 50 A, 1 m W 
DeBoard T C, 60 A, 2^ m S W 
Duckett D M, 230 A, 5 m S 



Furguson T J, 250 A, 3J m W 
Garrett John, 700 A, 3^ m W 
Jones J F, 587 A, 3 m S 
King M A, 200 A, 4 m S 
King V T, G5 A, 3i m S 
King J M, 160 A, 1 m E 
Lowry J M, 40 A, 2 m W 
Lunsford Henry, 200 A, 1^ m S 
Payne W E, 200 A, 1 m E 
Presswood I S, 66 A, 1 m S 
Randall J L, 660 A, 2 m E 
Eandall W E, 375 A, 1 m S 
Reeves John, 250 A 
Reynolds J H, 200 A, 1 m W 
Robinson M L, 330 A, 3 m W 
Robinson J D, 42D A, 3 m W 
Robinson A C, 500 A, 3 m W 
Surratt O W, 180 A, 4 m W 
Wells J W T, 205 A, 3h m S W 
Wells M C, 125 A 
Wells Jno, 80 A, 4 m S E 
Wells Jno W, 350 A, 3 m S 
Wells A B, 300 A, 4 m S W 
Wells D M, 270 A, 1 m W 
Wells R C, 400 A, 4 m S E 
Worley Henry, 56 A, 5 m S 
Worley E J, 160 A, 2 m E 
Worley W J, 1600 A, IJ m S 

SILVER SPRINGS. 

A suburb of Asheville, beautifully 
situated on the W bank of French-Broad 
river, which is here crossed by a fine iron 
bridge. Contains a good hotel, two 
stores, and several other industries 

Mails daily— J B Cole, P M 

Cole J B, grower of small fruits 
Henry J L (Henry & Cummings, Ashe- 
ville), attorney at law 
Hughes & Collins, genl mdse 
Knight St Clair, genl mdse 
Lambert Thos, boarding 
Silver-Springs Hotel, A A Banks, propr 



GAZETTEEE OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



Churches. 

Bethel (Baptist), 3^- m N W 
Balm Grove (M E South), 1 m W 
Episcopal (St Andrew's) 
Methodist (col), 2 m W 

Principal Farmers. 

Brandt Jas, 96 A, 2 m W 

Clayton E, 340 A, 1 m N 

Collins T C, 61 A 

Corn Wm, 67 A, 3 m W 

Cowan Jas, 300 A, 4 ni N W 

Henry J L, 300 A 

Jarrett Jas M, 141 A, 2 m W 

Ledford J M, 70 A, l.} m W 

Loniinac Wm, 180 A 

Owenby W N, 100 A, 3 m N 

Parham A K, 212 A, 3 m W 

Eeynolds Mrs D M, 116 A, 1 m W 

Eeynolds F S H, 129 A 

Eedmond Morgan, 181A, 3mNW 

Eobertson M N, 350 A 

Smith E S, 140 A 

Taylor G N, 100 A, 3 m W 

SHUFORDSVILLE. 

In Henderson county, close to the Bun- 
combe line, and is introduced here be- 
cause it is the office where several farmers, 
&c., of the latter county receive their 
mail. Is situated 13 m S of Asheville 
and 8 N of Hendersonville, the nearest 
shipping point 

Mails daily by stage— G W Fletcher, 
PM 

Garren J E, flouring mill, 3 m N E 
Young J E, saw and grist mill, 3 m N E 

Magistrate. 

Garren J E, 3 m N E 

Principal Farmers. 

Garren D Sr, 260 A, 3| m N E 



Garren J E, 162 A, 3 m N E 
Gibson M A, 395 A, 4 m N E 
Suttles J N, 135 A, 1 m N E 
Tow E T, 135 A, 2 ra E 
Tweed Jno F, 231 A, 4J m N E 
Tweed Jas H. 233 A, 4^ m N E 
Tweed Thos AV, 213 A,''4J m N E 
Tweed Mrs Jane, 180 A, 4 m N E 
Young J E, 250 A, 3 m N E 

STOCKSVILLE. 

A farmers post-office, 13 m N of Ashe- 
ville, on the Burnsville road. Tobacco 
and wheat are the leading crops culti- 
vated in the vicinity. Alexander, 8 m 
distant, is the nearest shipping point 

Mails daily— H C Blackstocks, P M 

Lockhart A, genl mdse 

Eoberts, Blackstocks & Co, genl mdse 

Church. 

Sugar-Camp Branch (Baptist), 4 m W 

Principal Farmers. 

Bell J G, 65 A 

Blackstocks E V, 1250 A 

Blackstocks H C, 97 A 

Brank J Phil, 120 A 

Brown J Y, 60 A, 1 m N 

Buckner J H, 113 A 

Chandler Timothy, 76 A, Zi m N 

Clinton M F, 143 A, 1 m N 

Cole J D, 90 A 

Dula T B, 88 A, li m N 

Gentry G W T, 95 A, 1 m N 

Gentry J H, 110 A, 1^ m N 

Gentry E Y, 55 A, 1^ m N 

Langford G W, 109 A, 1 m S 

Langford E W, 71 A, 1 m S 

Langford P, 43 A, 1 m S 

Lockhart A, 80 A 

Eoberts W J, 179 A, 3J m N 

Eoberts A P, 123 A, 3^ m N 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



89 



Eoberts T O, 143 A 
Sams J H, 222 A, 1 m W 
Sprinkle Wm, 283 A 
Sprinkle W M, 287 A, 24 m W 
Sprinkle H, 120 A, 2 m W 
Wild J G, 135 A, Um W 

SWANNANOA. 

A "catch " office on W N C R R, 10 m 
E of Asheville. About 1 m S of the 
most beautiful and fertile portion of the 
Swannanoa valley 

Mails daily— J F Pickens, P M 

Burgin Butler (col), blacksmith, IJ m N 
Creasman Abraham, magistrate, 2 m N W 
Fortune A B, saw and grist mill, li m N 
Hall Thos, blacksmith, 4 m N W 
Pickens Bros, genl mdse 
Pickens W C, blacksmith 
Pitman John, blacksmith, 4 m N 
Wilfong Danl, grist and saw mill 

Churches. 

Berea (Baptist), Rev J M Hilliard, pas- 
tor, 3J m N 

Davidson's chapel (M E South), Rev S S 
Wetherley, pastor, 2 m N 

Principal Farmers. 

Alexander W E, 231 A, 3 m N 
Alexander G N Sr, 300 A, 3i m N 
Alexander A N, 170 A, 3 m N 
Alexander P B, 150 A, 4 m N 
Burgin B I, 150 A, 1 m N 
Brevard Z B, 160 A, 2i m N W 
Craig J A, 126 A, 4 m N W 
Creighton Alex, 440 A, 3 m N W 
Davidson W F Sr, 410 A, 2 m N 
Davidson T F, 150 A, 1^ m N E 
Fortune A B, 450 A, 1 m E 
Fortune W P, 115 A 
Fortune B F, 100 A, 1^ m N W 
Harris T L, 225 A, 2^ m N 



Merrill S A, 160 A 
Patton E C, 177 A 
Pickens J T, 170 A 
Pitman Lot, 175 A, 4| m N 
Porter W M, 250 A, 1* m S E 
Redmond Taylor, 284 A, 2h m S E 
Sherrill C L, 90 A, 1 m N W 
Shope D V, 485 A, 4 m N 
Shope H F, 160 A, 4 m N 
Watkins Chas, 200 A, 1 m N 
Wilson Joe Sr, 185 A, 1 m S E 
Wilson J P, 400 A, 1 m S 

TURNPIKE. 

A station on Ducktown branch of W 
N C R R, 15 m W by S of Asheville, at 
the Haywood county line. Contains a 
good hotel, store, several mechanics' 
shops, &c. Is much frequented by vis- 
itors in summer, and is certainly a very 
desirable place to linger at during the 
heated term. A fine spring of mineral 
water, recently discovered, adds to its 
many attractive features. Thompson's 
Knob, the singular looking summit of 
which is about three miles distant, affords 
a delightful and extensive view, and is, 
itself, a prominent feature of the land- 
scape, being visible for 30 miles to the 
eastward 

Mails daily — J C Smathers, P M 

Cui'tis J C, magistrate, 1^ m E 
Miller W H, saw and grist mill, 2 m E 
Smathers J C, hotel, genl mdse, black- 
smith shop, &c 
Smathers G H, lawyer 

Church. 

Pleasant Hill (M E South), 2 m N E 

Principal Farmers. 

Curtis J C, 218 A, 1^ m E 
Joyce J P, 300 A, 2 m E 



90 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



Joyce Robt, 347 A, 2h ra S E 
Miller W H, 144 A, 2 m E 
Morgan P P, 295 A 
Smathers J C, 190 A 
Wilson F S, 124 A, 1 m E 

VANCEVILLE. 

Farmers post-office on Eeeras creek, 
10 m N E of Asheville. The post-office 
is kept in the house in which General 
K B and ex-Governor Z B Vance were 
born. Tobacco and wheat are the main 
products of this section. The nearest 
shipping point is Alexander, 8 m distant 

Mails semi-weekly from Asheville — 
Mrs S E Hemphill, P M 
Ray Joseph, genl mdse 

Church. 

Hemphill (union) 

Principal Farmers. 

Arrowood S E, 94 A, 1 m E 
Chambers J B, 475 A, 1 m E 
Chambers J G, 725 A, 1 m N 
Hemphill Jas, 300 A 
Hemphill Mrs E W, 365 A 
Hemphill J R, 100 A 
Monday S M, 435 A, 1| m W 
Penland S E, 150 A 
Sawyer Jas, 260 A, 2i m E 

WEAVERVILLE. 

An incorporated village of about 200 
inhabitants, situated on a plateau slightly 
elevated above Reems creek, whose waters 
wash its base ; 8 m N by E of Asheville, 
on the Burnsville road, and 4 m E of 
Alexander, the nearest shipping point. 
Weaverville is very pleasantly located 
for summer residences, and many fine 
views of the surrounding mountains are 
found within easy distance. 

The town contains a hotel, several 
stores, and mechanics' shops, «&c. Several 



flouring, grist, and saw mills and a woolen 
factory are in close vicinity. 

Mails daily from Asheville and Burns- 
ville by liorseback — J. W. Vandiver, 
Mayor and P. M. 
Brittain R P, carpenter 
Branks R J, flour, saw, and grist mills, 

2\ m E 
Byerly E, genl mdse and blacksmith shop 
Callaway J W, shoemaker 
Coleman's Mills (flouring), W H Penland 

(Asheville), propr 
Eller W P, grist mill, U m N 
Goolsby E M, lawyer 
Joiner Jas, carpenter 
McClure R H, agt W & W Mfg Co 
Reagan House, D II Reagan, propr 
Reagan J A, physician 
Reems Creek Woolen Mills, Jno Cairns, 

supt 
Roberts, Blackstocks & Co, genl mdse 
Vandiver J W, seed farm 
Vandiver E F, genl mdse 
Weaver W E, lawyer 
Weaver H B, physician 
Weaver W E, grist mill, 2 m N 
Wing W W, physician 

Churches. 

Alexander's chapel (union), 3 m S W 
Johnson's chapel (union), col, 2^ m W 
Long's chapel (M E), IJ m S E 
Pleasant Grove (union), 2 m S E 
Union church, 1^ m N 

Educational. 

Weaverville College, Rev David Atkins, 
prest 

Masonic. 

Blackmore Lodge, A F and A M— T H 
Weaver, W M; John Cairns, S W; 
Robert Weaver, J W^ ; J L Weaver, 

secretary 
Meets monthly 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



91 



Sons of Temperance. 

Weaverville Division. Officers elected 
quarterly 
Meets weekly 

Principal Farmers. 

Baird W R, 600 A, 2 m S 
Baird W A, 282 A, 3 m N W 
Baird Z H, 300 A, 2 m S 
Baird Miss Mary J, 103 A, 2 m S 
Baird Miss M K, 300 A, 2 m S 
Baker T W, 140 A, 2 m W 
Brank R J, 200 A, 2 m E 
Brank A M, 350 A, 3 m N 
Brittain G W, 425 A, 2 m N E 
Cairns John, 180 A 
Chambers J K, 75 A, 3 m N 
Chambers W R, 375 A, 2 m N 
Coleman R L, 140 A, 1 m S W 

, Cole T M, 240 A, 3 m N 

* Davis J N, 200 A. 2 m E 
Davis O F, 100 A, 2 m N E 
DuBose J R, 308 A, 2J m S 
Filer A F, 162 A, Im N 
Garrison J W, 210 A, 2i m N 



Garrison J B, 172 A, 2J m N 
Garrison T M, 240 A, 1^ m N 
Garrison Mrs Matilda, 100 A, 2^ m N 
Gill J W, 100 A, 1| m W 
Harris I A, 340 A, 5 m N W 
Lyda W B, 139 A 
Parker G A, 110 A 
Parker J T, 300 A, 2 m S E 
Parker J M, 247 A, 2 m E 
Pickens R W, 160 A, 1 m W 
Reagan J A, 210 A 
Roberts F P, 97 A 
Roberts J Wesley, 75 A, 3 m N E 
Vandiver J W, 225 A 
Waggoner W A, 1100 A, 1 m E 
Weaver Mrs M M, 1000 A 
Weaver H B, 250 A 
Weaver T H, 245 A, 2 m N 
Weaver W M, 320 A, 2 in N 
Weaver R H, 100 A 
Weaver T L, 135 A, 1^ m N 
Weaver W E, 292 A 
Weaver J L, 275 A, 2 m W 
Weaver Rufus, 163 A, 1 m E 
Weaver C P, 190 A, 2 m W 
Weaver A S, 156 A, 1^ m W 
Whitehead J A, 350 A, 2 m N E 



A Classified Directory of Buncombe County, 

EMBRACIXG A LIST OF 

CHURCHES AND HIGH-SCHOOLS, MILLS, STORES, PHYSICIANS, &c., 

IN THE COUNTY OUTSIDE OF ASHE VILLE; ARRANGED 

ALPHABETICALLY BY POST-OFFICES, WITH 

DISTANCE AND DIRECTION 

FROM SAME. 



Churches. 

BAPTIST. 
Best— Bwannanoa Hill, 2 m S W 
Black Mountain— North Fork, 4 mN W 
Busbee^New Salem, 1 m S 
Cooper's— Cooper's 
Democrat — Antioch, 1 m S 
Fairview — Cane Creek 

" Concord, 5 m W 

Flat Creek— Flat Creek 
Grantville— Forks of Ivy 
High Knob— Turkey Creek, 1 m N 
Hominy Creek— Hominy, 2 m W 

Stony Fork, 8 m S W 
Leicester — New Found, 1 m E 
Morgan Hill— Morgan Hill 
Sandy Mush— Ebenezer, 4 m S W 
Silver Springs— Bethel, 3^ m N W 
Stocksville— Sugar-Camp Branch, 4 m "\V 
Swannanoa— Berea, 3^ m N 
Ramsey — Macedonia 

CHRISTIAN. 

Refuge— Refuge 

EPISCOPAL. 

Leicester — Leicester 
Asheville— Beaver Dam, 3 m N 

" Trinhy, 3J m E 

Silver Springs — St Andrew's 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL. 

Alto— 1 m S 

Hominy Creek— Trull's chapel, 4 m N W 

Weaverville — Long's chapel, U m S E 

METHODIST EPISCOPAL, SOUTH. 

Alto — Reynolds' chapel, 1 m E 

Asheville — 3 m N 

" Bethesda, 3^ m E 

Arden— Mt Zion, 2 m N 

Barnardsville — Big Ivy 

Best — West's meeting-house, 2j m S E 

Black Mountain — Tabernacle, 2^ m W 

Fairview — Sharon, IJ m W 

Tweed's chapel, 4i m S W 

High Knob— Penland's chapel, Ij m NW 

Hominy Creek — Montmorency, 1 m W 
" Pisgah, 6 m S W 

" Snow Hill, 3 m N 

Leicester — Leicester 

Turkey Creek, 2 m W 

Silver Springs — Balm Grove, 1 m W 

Swannanoa — Davidson's chapel, 2 m N 

Turnpike— Pleasant Hill, 2 m N E 

METHODIST PROTESANT. 

Democrat — Pleasant Gap, 1 m N 
Long's— Brush Hill, 2^ m N 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



93 



PRESBYTERIAN. 

Cooper's — Pine Grove, l^ m N W 
Harkins — Sand Hill, 1 m S 
Refuge — Red Oak, 1 m E 

UNION. 

Alexander— French Broad, Ij m W 

" French Broad chapel 

Avery's Creek — Avery's Creek 
Barnardsville — Big Ivy 
Best — Gashe's Creek, 3 m F, 
Hominy Creek— Hice Hill, 2 m N 
New Found — Zion Hill 
Sandy Mush - Big Sandy, 1 m W 
Vanceville — Hemphill 
Weaverville — Pleasant Grove, 2 m S E 
"VVeaverville — Alexander's chapel, 3 m 

S W 
Weaverville — Union church, Ij m N 

COLORED. 

Arden — Baptist 

Best-Shiloh (A M E), U m S 

Fairview — Dry Pond (Baptist), 4 m W 

" A M E, 1 m W 

Hominy Creek— Zion (A M E), 2 m N E 
Silver Springs— A M E, 2 m W 
Weaverville —Johnson's chapel (union), 
2im W 



Educational. 

Leicester — Leicester Seminary 

Morgan Hill— Morgan Hill High-School 

Weaverville — Weaverville College 

General Merchandise. 

Alexander — Baird R 

'•• Morrison T S & Co 

Arden — Lance Bros, li m W 

" Eickman T L 

Avery's Creek — Ledbetter Z T 
Barnardsville — Roberts J H & Co 



Black Mountain— Daugherty S F 

McKoy J M 
Best— Porter T M 

" Reed Joseph 
Cooper's— Gladwell Mrs A L 
" Porter W Y 

Wilson W H 
Democrat — Woodward Jas H, 1 m S E 
Fairview— Ashworth Jason 

" Merrill Saml 

Flat Creek — Brigman Solomon 
Grantville— Buckner B F 
High Knob— Teague & Hawkins, 1 m 

N W 
Hominy Creek— Thrash J M & Co 

" Merrill A J, 1 m W 

Leicester — Alexander J F & Bro 
" Brown & Hampton 

" Brown T C & Gudger 

" Brown T C & Bro 

" Carpenter J C 

" Gilbert C F & H W 

" Penland & Sluder 

Riceville— Burnett G W 
Sandy Mush— Childs L L, 1 m W 
Sandy Mush— Sprinkles & De Board, 1 

m W 
Sandy Mush— Wilson J B, 1 m E 
Silver Springs— Hughes & Collins 

" Knight St Clair 

Stocksville — Lockhart A 

" Roberts, Blackstocks & Co 

Swannanoa — Pickens Bros 
Turnpike — Smathers J C 
Vanceville— Ray Joseph 
Weaverville — Byerley E 

" Vandiver E F 

" Roberts, Blackstocks & Co 

Flouring Mills. 

Asheville— Patterson R O, 2 m W 
Van Gilder T I, 2 m N 
Arden — Fisher Squire, l.]m N W^ 
Begt- Cocke & Roberts, 3 m E 



13 



94 



GAZETTEEE OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



Black Mountain— T K Brown, 1 m S W 
Fairview — Jones Mrs M J 
Grantville — Deaver W H 
Hominy Creek — J M Thrash & Co 

Harkins— Stevens S N, 2 m S E 
Leicester — Frisbee & Hampton, 3 m E 
" Penlaud W H (Asheville), 3 

mE 
Sandy Mush — Beeves John 

" Furgusson Thos J, 3 J m W 

Shufordsville — Garren J N, 3 m N E 
Weaverville — Branks K J, 2J m E 

" Penland W H "(Asheville) 

Corn Mills. 

Alexander — Canby Wm 
Alto— Rogers P A, IJ m W 
Arden— Clayton Robt, 2^ m N W 
Asheville — Hildebrand Jno Jr, Ih m E 
Avery's Creek — Cockrum Moses, 2 m W 
Glencoe Mills, 4 m N W 
Barnardsville — Barnard J D 
Best— Alexander B J, 3 m S W 
" Alexander W J, 4 m S W 
" Reed Joseph 
" Sales W C, 4 m E 
" Stevens D M, 3 m S 
" Whitson G W, 3 m E 
Black Mountain — Burnett M L, 4 m N 

" Dougherty J W 

Cooper's — Cooper A D, (Asheville) 

" Melton Berry 

Democrat — Carter's Mills, 1 m S E 
Fairview— Jay Mrs M J, 2 m N 
" Jones Mrs M J 

" Miller J, 3 m N 

" Whittaker D F, 3* m S W 

Grantville — Deaver W H 
High Knob— Gudger A M, 1 m N 
Hominy Creek — Jones R L, IJ m E 

" Sharp Elijah, 2 m N 

Hominy Creek — Warren Andrew, 4 m 

sw 



Leicester — Buckner Hiram, 5 m E 
" Frisbee & Hampton, 3 m E 

Penland W H, 3 m E 
Reynolds D W & J P, 3 m 
N W 
New Found — Rhodes Abner 
Riceville— Clark J C 
Sandy Mush— Wells A B, 4 m S W 
Shufordsville— Young J E, 3 m N E 
Swannanoa — Fortune A B, 1^ m N 

" Willfong Dan'l 

Turnpike— Miller W H, 2 m E 
Weaverville— Branks R J, 2J m E 
Filer W P, 1^ m N 
Weaver W E, 2 m N 

Saw Mills. 

Alexander —Shepherd J H, 2 m E 

McLellan D J, 4 m S W 
Asheville — Hildebrand Jno Jr, li m E 
Arden— Lance F A, 2 m S W 
Avery's Creek — Cockrum Moses, 2 m W 
" Glencoe Mills,'4 m N W 

Barnardsville — Barnard J D 
Best— Alexander B J, 3 m S W 
" Alexander W J, 4 m S W 
" Reed Joseph 
" Sales W C, 4 m E 
" Stevens D M, 3 m S 
" Whitson G W, 3 m E 
Black Mountain— Burnett M L, 4 m N 
Cooper's — Coggins J W, 5 m N 
" Cooper A D (Asheville), 

" Melton Berry 

Democrat — Carter's Mills, 1 m S E 

Fairview — Jay Mrs M J, 2 m N 
" Jones Mrs M J 

" Miller J, 3 m N 

" Mitchell J W, 2 m N 

" Pinkerton A H, 3 m N 

" Whittaker D F, 3J m S W 

Grantville— Deaver W H 
High Knob — Gudger A M, 1 m N 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



95 



Hominy Creek — Boyd Wilson, 2^ m S 
" Candler W G, 1 m W 
" Dry man & Netherton, 5 m S 
" Jones R L, H m E 
" Justice & Co, 3 m S W 
" Sharp Elijah, 2 m N 
" Warren J M, 6 m S W 
" Warren Andrew, 4 m S W 

Leicester — Brown T C, 2 m W 
" Buckner Hiram, 5 m E 

Reynolds DW&JP,3mNW 

Mitchell — Daugherty, Burnett & Co 

New Found — Rhodes Abner 

Riceville— Clark J C 

Sandy Mush — Reeves John 

Wells A B, 4 m S W 

Swannanoa — Fortune A B, 1^ m N 
" Willfong Daniel 

Turnpike— Miller W H, 2 m E 

Weaverville — Branks R J, 2J m E 

Furniture Manufacturers. 

Asheville — Hildebrand John Jr, IJ m E 
Avery's Creek — Glencoe Mills, 4 m N W 

Tanyards. 

Barnardsville — Barnard J D 
Flat Creek — Brigman Solomon, 
Hominy Creek — J M Thrash & Co 
Leicester — Penland W H (Asheville), 3 
mE 

Woolen Mill. 

Weaverville — Reems Creek Woolen 
Mills. 

Hotels and Boarding Houses. 

Alexander — Alexander's Hotel 
Alexander — Blackwell's White Sulphur 

Springs, 4 m W 
Arden — Arden Park Hotel 
Best— Smith Mrs A M 



Best— Tennent G B, 2^ m W 

Black Mountain— Burnett W H 
" Daugherty S F 

" Kerlee Mrs L J 

" McKoy J M 

Cooper's— Gladwell Mrs A L 

Fairview — Hickorynut Gap Hotel, 3 m 
S W 

Hominy — Luther's Hotel 

Leicester — Brown T C 

Mitchell— Patton Mrs S 

Silver Springs— Silver Springs Hotel 

Turnpike — Smather's Hotel 

Weaverville — Reagan Hou|e 

Physicians. 

Alexander — Clontz J C 
Cooper's — Clift Chas, IJ m E 

Wilson R I 
Fairview — Cooper R W, 1 m W 
Flat Creek— Watson S A 
Harkins — Gudger David, 2 m S 
Hominy Creek— Thrash G H, 1 m E 
Leicester — Candler C N 
" Stevens J M 

Sandy Mush— Reynolds J H, 1 m W 
Weaverville — Reagan J A 

Weaver H B 

Wing W W 



E.F.VANDIVER, 



WEAVERVILLE, B. C, 



DEALER IN 



L 



BOOKS, STATIONERY, &c., 
P. 0. BUILDING. 



96 



GAZETTEER OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 



Jason Ashworth, 

FAIRVIEW, N. C, 

DEALER IN 

GROCERIES, 

CLOTHING, NOTIONS, <£c. 



HIGHEST PRICES PAID FOR ALL KINDS OF PRODUCE. 



T. L. RICKMAN, 



DEALER IN 



DRY GOODS, 

GROCERIES, 

iLTOTioisrs, 

TOBACCO, CIGARS, Sec. 



HIGHEST PRICES PAID FOB PRODUCE. 



D?. W. W. Wljl^, 



WEAVERVILLE, N. C. 



LIMESTONE 



J. R. GARREN, Proprietor. 



MANUFACTURES FIRST-CLASS BRANDS 

FAMILY FLOUR. 



HIGHEST CASH PRICE PAID FOR WHEAT. 



FLOUR ALWAYS ON HAND FOB SALE. 



SHUFORDSVILLE P. 0. 



BUNCOMBE COUNTY OFFICERS. 



CLERK SUPERIOR COURT, - - E W HERNDON 

CLERK INFERIOR COURT, - - MONT PATTON 

SHERIFF, W R YOUNG 

REGISTER OF DEEDS, - - - J R PATTERSON 

TREASURER, J W HEMBREE 

COUNTY SURVEYOR, , - - - AH STARNES 

CORONER, - - - - - Dr J M STEVENS 

TREASURER PUBLIC BUILDINGS, - W R WHITSON 

SUP'T PUBLIC INSTRUCTION, - JNO W STARNES 

SOLICITOR INFERIOR COURT, - H B CARTER 

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. 



J. E. RANKIN, Chairman; 
THOS W PATTON, T D BRITTAIN, 

J G CHAMBERS, W F JOHNSTON 



MISCELLANEOUS DEPARTMENT. 



STATE GOVERNMENT OF NORTH CAROLINA. 
Executive Department. 

Governor, Thos J Jarvis 

Lieutenant-Governor, Jas L Robinson 

Secretary of State, Wm L Saunders 

Auditor, ------- W P Roberts 

Treasurer, John M Worth 

Superintendent of Public Instruction, - - Jno C Scarborough 

Attorney-General, Thos S Kenan 

Adjutant-General, Johnstone Jones 

Supreme Court. 

W N H Smith, Chief Justice 

Thos Ruffin and Thos S Ashe, - - - Associate Judges 

Thos S Kenan, Reporter 

W H Bagley, .----- Clerk 
Meets at Raleigh, the first Mondays in February and October 



Superior Courts. 

NINTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT. 

J C L Gudger, 

G S Furgeson, 

Times of sessions, as fixed by act of General Assembly of 1882-83, 
are as follows: 



Judge 
Solicitor 



MISCELLANEOUS DEPARTMENT. 



99 



Buncombe county — 13th Monday after ist Monday in March and 
August, and 3d Monday in November, to continue 4 weeks 
E W Herndon, clerk 

Cherokee — 9th Monday after ist Monday in March and August, 2 
weeks 

Clay — 8th Monday after ist Monday in March and August, i week 
Graham — nth Monday after ist Monday in March and August, i 
week 

Haywood — 5th Monday after ist Monday in March and August, 2 
weeks 

Henderson — 3d Mondays in March and August, 2 weeks 
Jackson — 6th Monday after ist Monday in March and August, i week 
Macon — 7th Monday after ist Monday in March and August, i week 
Madison — First Mondays in March and August, 2 weeks 
Swain — 12th Monday after ist Monday in March and August, i week 
Transylvania 4th Monday after ist Monday in March and August, 
I week 



Inferior Court. 

BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 

T F Davidson, - . . . . 
J M Green and C B Way, 
Mont Patton, - - . _ . 

H B Carter, - - . . . 

Meets quarterly 



Chairman 
Associate Justices 
Clerk 
Solicitor 



Federal Court. 

WESTERN DISTRICT. 

RPDick, 

James E Boyd, --.... 

Jno B Keogh, 

Jas E Reed, 

Meets semi-annually, at Charlotte, Greensboro', Statesville, and Ashe- 
ville — at the latter place in May and November 



Judge 

District Attorney 

Marshal 

Clerk at Asheville 



100 



MISCELLANEOUS DEPARTMENT. 



Legislative. 

4OTH SENATORIAL DISTRICT COMPRISING THE COUNTIES OF BUN- 
COMBE AND MADISON. 

I N Ebbs, of Madison, Senator 

C M McLoud and B G Gudger, E.epresentatives from Buncombe co 



North Carolina Representatives in Gongress. 





SENATORS, 




Matt W Ransom, 




Weldon 


Z B Vance, 


REPRESENTATIVES. 


Charlotte, 


ist district. 


Lewis C Latham, 


Greenville, Pitt co 


2d 


Orlando Hubbs, 


Newbern 


3d " 


W J Green, 


Fayetteville 


4th " 


W R Cox, 


Raleigh 


5th - 


A M Scales, 


Greensboro' 


6th 


C Dowd, 


Charlotte 


7th 


Tyre York, 


Gap Civil, Wilkes co 


8th 


R B Vance, 


Asheville 



R T Bennett, Congressman at large. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH 

BUNCOMBE COUNTY, 

NORTH CAROLINA. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



In the prospectus issued by tlie compiler of this vohime, he did not promise 
to give anything but a " sketch " of the history of Asheville and Buncombe 
county. It would not be in keeping with a work of this character to attempt 
more ; but he leaves to abler hands the task of collecting the abundant materials, 
and compiling a history which shall be worthy of the tlieme. 

The present imperfect sketch, however, will be, the author trusts, of some 
interest and value to the citizens of his adopted county. 



GEOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL. 



^II^SJUNCOMBE County, the richest and most populous of 
^JKjp]i| the counties in the western division of the State of 
^^^ North Carolina, contains 620 square miles, or 400,000 
acres. It is situated on the Southern Plateau of the Alleghanies, 
and has a mean altitude of about 2,200 feet; the greatest eleva- 
tion, Big Craggy, is 6,100, and only in the bed of the French- 
Broad river does it fall so low as 2,000 feet above the tide. 

The county was formed from Burke and Rutherford in 1791, 
and was named in honor of Edward Buncombe, a gallant 
officer in the war of the Revolution. Colonel Buncombe was 

14 



102 HISTOEICAL SKETCH. 



distinguished for his manly appearance, bravery, patriotism, and 
hospitality. Over the door of his mansion, in Tyrrell county, 
was inscribed the now celebrated couplet : 

"To Buncombe Hall, 
Welcome all ! " 

The county which bears his name has never disgraced it, and 
has always been renowned for the courtesy of her citizens to the 
stranger and pilgrim ; like her illustrious god-father, Buncombe 
county "always keeps the latch-string on the outside." 

At the date of its formation the county included nearly all 
that portion of North Carolina lying west of the Blue Ridge, 
now embraced in thirteen counties, with an area of almost 6,000 
square miles. 

At this time all the present State of Tennessee was included 
within the boundary of North Carolina; and a few years pre- 
vious to the foundation of Buncombe county some daring spirits, 
with Colonel John Sevier (afterwards elected first Governor of 
Tennessee) at their head, organized a " State," composed of 
about equal portions of North Carolina and what is now Tennes- 
see, and named it Franklin, in honor of the distinguished 
American philosopher — the North Carolina portion comprising a 
territory almost identical with that which was soon to become Bun- 
combe county. For four years there was contention between 
the " government " of the new State and the authorities of North 
Carolina ; Governor Sevier was arrested and brought to trial, 
charged with " high treason," but was never punished. The new 
State soon perished, and even its existence is now hardly a 
memory. The erection of the " State of Franklin " is a subject 
upon which historians are almost silent; but to the student it 
would, no doubt, present an interesting theme, and its annals 
should be preserved before it becomes too late, by the destruc- 
tion of the few records which remain of a very interesting event 
in our early history. 

The first settlers of Buncombe countj^ were mostly of the 
Scotch-Irish race ; sturdy, industrious, independent, and fearless. 



BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 103 



The latter qualification was needed most of all, for in those try- 
ing times a frontiersman lived in constant danger from the 
Indians, who gave him a world of trouble ; and woe unto the 
unhappy pioneer who was caught napping by the ruthless 
Cherokees. Often did the settler return from a hunt to find his 
cabin a heap of smouldering ruins and his loved wife and chil- 
dren murdered — their ghastly forms making a mute appeal for 
vengeance. 

Hunting was, of course, the principal, and indeed almost the 
only, occupation of the early settlers. The woods abounded in 
game of all sizes, and the rivers and creeks teemed with fish. A 
little patch of corn and a few vegetables were cultivated in the 
clearing around the cabin, but for sustenance the settler relied 
chiefly on the chase. His clothing often was composed of the 
skins of the animals which he trapped or shot, and happy his 
wife if she could boast a calico dress. As time went on, a little 
flax was grown, which, spun by hand and woven by the wife on 
a rude loom of home construction, gave him the luxury of a 
shirt. The wool of a few sheep, by the same process of manu- 
facture, furnished all the garments which were required in 
the primitive simplicity of these children of the forest. 

For many years the progress made by this people was very 
slow. The difficulties attendant on reaching the mountains 
retarded immigration, notwithstanding the fascinating reports 
which had gone abroad of the fertility and healthfulness of the 
region. After 1820, when the attention of the Charlestonians 
was first directed to the southern plateau of the Alleghanies as a 
health and summer resort, more permanent settlers began to 
arrive, numbers being from East Tennessee. The completion of 
the Buncombe turnpike, in 1827, gave a fresh impetus to immi- 
gration, and from that period to the present, notably since the 
completion of the Western North Carolina railroad to Asheville 
in 1880, the county has rapidly increased in wealth and popula- 
tion. 

To give an idea of the growth of population: In 1836 Bun- 
combe county included, besides its present limits, territory which 



104 HISTORICAL SKETCH. 



now comprises the counties of Henderson, Transylvania, Madi- 
son, and a portion of Yancey. Owing to considerable politi- 
cal excitement a very full vote was polled in the elections of 
that year, and yet only i,8oo ballots were cast in the county. 
This would indicate a population of about 10,000 ; the same 
district to-day contains not less than 60,000 people. In 1850, 
before Madison, her last child, was taken from her, Bun- 
combe county, according to the United States census returns, 
contained a population, including 1,825 ^^'^^ negroes and slaves, 
of 12,738. At the census of 1880, 21,909 inhabitants were enu- 
merated in this county alone, and to-day not less than 25,000 peo- 
ple (21,000 whites and 4,000 negroes) call Buncombe " home." 
The increase in wealth has been still more strongly marked. In 
1870 the assessed value of real and personal property in the 
county was ;^ 1,687,092 ; in 1882, ^3,333,305; and the present 
year (1883), with a slightly higher ratio of valuation, it is esti- 
mated at ;$4,750,ooo — an increase of 180 per cent, in thirteen 
years. 

Of the present industries of the county it is unnecessary to 
speak here, as a perusal of the " Commercial Directory of Ashe- 
ville " and the " Buncombe County Gazeteer," in other portions 
of this volume, will give all needful information on the subject. 

The county is drained by many creeks and rivers, which, with 
the single exception of the French-Broad, are short and rapid, 
and subject, like all mountain streams, to sudden rises, which 
sometimes damage growing crops and wash off a few fences and 
haystacks ; but no devastating floods, like those we read of visit- 
ing other portions of the country, are recorded in the annals 01 
this county. The only river of importance is the French-Broad, 
which, rising in the Blue Ridge on the borders of South Carolina, 
flows through Transylvania and Henderson counties, and reach- 
ing Buncombe county, it cuts it into two almost equal parts, pre- 
serving throughout a nearly northward course. For thirty miles 
above Asheville this stream is, with the exception of a few unim- 
portant shoals, as placid as a mill-pond, and is navigable, in high 
water, for small steamboats, of which there are two now plying 



BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 105 



its bosom. The French-Broad fell in for a very small share of 
the " river and harbor " appropriation ; but a force is now at 
work deepening the channel, and it is expected in a few years 
that enough work will be done to render the river navigable, at 
all seasons, between Asheville and Brevard. Below the former 
place, for fifty miles and more, this stream well earns the 
title of " Racing River " given it by the Indians, its course 
being a constant succession of rapids ; the fall is nearly one 
thousand feet in the fifty miles intervening between this city 
and Paint Rock, while in the same distance above Asheville it is 
only one hundred feet. The Western North Carolina railroad 
follows the French-Broad, in all its wanderings, from Asheville 
to Paint Rock, crossing it three times in forty miles, and gives 
the traveller an opportunity for enjoying some of the finest 
river scenery in America. The Swannanoa is the next stream in 
importance. Finding its source amid the rugged cliffs of the 
Black mountains, this lovely river flows through a region of 
unsurpassed beauty and fertility, and reaches the French-Broad 
at a point near Asheville, forming at its mouth a portion of the 
foreground of one of the grandest views on the continent. Cane 
Creek, Hominy, Sandy Mush, Big Ivy, Reems' Creek, Beaver 
Dam, and several other streams of lesser note, with innumerable 
" branches," serve to make Buncombe well watered and rich in 
fine bottom-lands. Springs of the purest water are found on 
every hand, and no farm can be found without one or more. 
Sometimes, when it is not convenient to the house, the water is 
conveyed in "pump-logs" to the very door-step at a small 
expense. 



106 HISTORICAL SKETCH. 




FARMING-THE CULTURE AND MAN- 
UFACTURE OF TOBACCO. 

OTHER INDUSTRIES. 

§HE Farmers of Buncombe county, although but few of 
them are rich, few are very poor, and they are, without 
*'^''™^^^ doubt, thankful to that providence which has cast their 
lot in a land so highly favored by nature. Though, as we have 
said, not rich, they are. as a class, happy and independent. They 
all live well, dress well, and, if there is any virtue in big feather- 
beds, sleep well. What more, on earth, could man desire ! 

In this county can be grown all the cereals with the exception 
of rice, and of vegetables and fruits an immense variety. The 
apples of this and adjoining counties are unequalled in America ; 
and peaches, though a somewhat uncertain crop, are very fine. 
Potatoes and cabbages are now cultivated for the Southern mar- 
ket, an industry which the advent of railroads has made profitable. 
Although cotton cannot be grown, the climate is admirably 
adapted for flax, a much more profitable crop ; however, little or 
none is raised. The main products of the county are corn, 
wheat, oats, potatoes, and tobacco. The latter is now very 
exten.sively cultivated, some portions of the county having a 
larger acreage than others, but the soil of nearly all the uplands 
is well adapted to its growth. " Bright yellows," which rival the 
famous Virginia leaf, is the leading variety ; and very fancy 
prices, sometimes over one dollar a pound, are often obtained for 
superior grades in the markets of Asheville and other cities. In 
1882, 500,000 pounds of tobacco were raised in the county, and 
the estimate for the present year is 700,000 pounds. 

Conjecture is lost in the contemplation of what the tobacco 
industry will do for this county in a few years, at the present 
rate of increase. The culture on a large scale was only intro- 
duced in 1869, by S. C. Shelton, a Virginian, and the first factory 
(plug) was opened by the same gentleman the following year — 



BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 107 



associating himself with Messrs. Hunt and Buchanan in 1871. 
Mr. Shelton, who is still engaged in the manufacture in Ashe- 
ville, in connection with Messrs. Jordan and Worth, has been 
identified with the tobacco interests of Asheville and Buncombe 
county from the beginning; he was the first to introduce the 
tobacco of this county into Europe, when, at the Vienna Expo- 
sition of 1873, he received a medal. W. T. Dickinson, also a 
Virginian, and R. V. Blackstocks cultivated some tobacco for 
market as long ago as 1856 or '57, and manufactured a small 
quantity of" smoking," sifted through a riddle, at the same time. 
Some years still earlier, in 1 850, as found from the United 
States census returns, 8,619 pounds of tobacco were given as the 
product of Buncombe county ; this might, it is true, have been 
raised within the present limits of Madison. Very little, 
however, was done in the tobacco industry till within the last 
few years. Captain M. J. Fagg began manufacturing smoking 
tobacco in 1 871, on Valley street, and continued in the business 
till 1874, when he abandoned the enterprise, to (as he says) his 
everlasting regret. He received a handsome silver medal at the 
State Fair, in 1872, over " Blackwell's Durham " and several com- 
petitors from Virginia. Asheville now manufactures celebrated 
and superior brands of smoking tobacco. In fact, the best judges 
say that Buncombe smoking tobacco leads the world. 

The first warehouse for the sale of leaf was opened, in 1879, t>y 
J. D. Wilder and J. H. Carter, both Virginians. " The Pioneer " 
was a frame building, 50 x 100, and handled its first season 600,000 
pounds of tobacco. The present floor area of Asheville's four brick 
warehouses is about 25,000 square feet, and the sales during the 
last season (i882-'83) aggregated 1,500,000 pounds, at an aver- 
age price of ^11.75 per cwt. The coming year it is anticipated 
that not less than 2,000,000 pounds will pass under the hammers 
of Asheville's glib-tongued auctioneers. Many buyers from 
Winston, Durham, Danville, Richmond, and Lynchburg attend 
the market, while the home dealers amount, in themselves, to a 
considerable, force. What is needed most, however, to gain for 
Asheville her proper rank as a tobacco centre is larger factories, 



108 HISTOEICAL SKETCH. 

or more of them ; not over one- thirtieth part of the tobacco pass- 
ing through the hands of her warehousemen being now manu- 
factured in the city. 

Indeed, the manufacturing interests of Asheville and Buncombe 
county, in spite of almost inimitable water-power, cheap labor, and 
convenient raw material, are still in their tnfancy ; but a new era 
is dawning, and soon we hope to see this most important interest 
to the success of a people receive from our capitalists the atten- 
tion which it deserves. The continued prosperity of our city 
and county chiefly depends on a vigorous move in this direction. 

The timber lands of Buncombe compose over one half the 
area of the county ; an almost endless variety is produced, and 
many of the woods, notably walnut and cherry, find a ready mar- 
ket in the manufacturing centres of the North and of Europe. 
It is a pity, too, that we should send our lumbef to Cincinnati 
or Philadelphia, and have it returned to us, slightly increased in 
value, in the shape of bedsteads and coffins, when those useful 
articles might as well be made at home ! There are thousands 
of dollars sent out of our county every year to purchase car- 
riages and wagons, when there is timber enough in our own 
mountains to furnish two or three States the size of this with 
materials for vehicles and farming implements. Labor is abun- 
dant and cheap, living is cheap, and all that is wanting is capital 
and energy, and the "right men," to make " Buncombe wagons" 
or "Buncombe plows" known all over the country. The num- 
ber of carriages, wagons, and buggies annually purchased by 
citizens of this county amounts to several hundreds, and why 
should they not be made in Asheville? A finer opportunity 
does not exist, in the opinion of the writer, for making a small 
fortune than by the establishment of a manufactory of this descrip- 
tion in our midst. 



BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 109 



INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS. 



RAILROADS, &c. 



pHE Buncombe Turnpike was begun in February, 1826, 
[^ and the first toll-gate opened in October of the year 
following. This, the best pass of the mountains before 
the advent of railroads, entered North Carolina over Saluda 
mountain, and passing where Flat Rock and Hendersonville now 
stand, reached Asheville, and thence wound its way, with the 
tortuous course of the French-Broad, to Warm Springs, where, 
leaving the river, it took a northerly route to Greeneville, Tenn. 
Along the river bank it was constructed with great difficulty and 
expense. The blasting of the solid rock, forming one side of the 
French-Broad canon, saved the Western North Carolina rail- 
road, which now occupies the bed of the old turnpike from 
Marshall to Warm Springs, many a dollar in later years. The 
wealthy residents of Charleston and other South Carolina cities 
used this road in their annual pilgrimages to the Warm Springs 
and other popular resorts of the mountains, driving in their own 
carriages, generally in great state, followed by outriders and 
baggage- wagons. The coast residents of South Carolina had, 
however, discovered the attractions of our mountains, as a cool 
and healthy summer resort, several 3^ears before the Buncombe 
turnpike was built. To them, as well as to the wagoners who 
spent weeks on the way between Asheville and Augusta with 
their immense vehicles, drawn by six-horse teams, the comple- 
tion of this undertaking was a god-send, indeed. But those days 
are gone forever; the last toll-gate, which, after a checkered 

15 



110 HISTOEICAL SKETCH. 



career, signalized by many a tumult towards the close, had hung 
on to the last, was abolished a year or two ago, and soon the 
very name of this celebrated road will be forgotten. ' 

As long ago as 1835 a charter was granted to a company, with 
General Robt. Y. Hayne, of South Carolina, at its head, to build 
a railroad from Charleston to Cincinnati, by way of the French- 
Broad valley and Cumberland Gap. The death of General 
Hayne on the threshold of the enterprise threw the project into 
confusion, and it was soon abandoned. Had not this unlucky 
event taken place at such an inopportune moment, it is possible 
that the railroad would have been completed at the time. Just 
imagine what a city Asheville would have been by now had 
this design been carried out ! With the completion of the Spar- 
tanburg and Asheville railroad between the latter place and Hen- 
dersonville, (twenty miles.) and the gap between Morristown, 
Tenn., and London, Ky., (eighty-five miles,) filled out, the origi- 
nal project would be a fact It is to be devoutly hoped that the 
recent change in the control of the Western North Carolina rail- 
road may quickly tend to this desirable consummation. 

The Western North Carolina railroad was first projected more 
than thirty years ago ; its inceptors embracing, amongst other 
well-known gentlemen. Dr. Caldwell and Governor Moorehead. 
The State authorized the issue of bonds for three-fourths the 
stock, the remainder to be made up by private subscription. A 
charter was granted in 1854, the first ground being broken the 
same year. At the beginning of the late war Icard station had 
been reached. After many halts by the way, Morganton in 
1866, Old Fort in 1871, Henry's in 1876, and Asheville in Sep- 
tember, 1880, successively heard the shriek of the " iron-horse " 
for the first time. But a year and a half more elapsed before 
connection was made at Paint Rock, the boundary line of Ten- 
nessee and North Carolina, with the East Tennessee, Virginia, 
and Georgia system of railroads ; and now, by the recent com- 
pletion of the Knoxville and Ohio railroad, Asheville is only 
twenty-one hours from Louisville. Eight years ago the writer 
travelled one thousand miles, ahd consumed four days' time in 



BUNCOMBE CODNTY. 



Ill 



making the same trip by railroad and steamboat, with twenty-five 
miles staging from Old Fort at the latter end. 




BUNCOMBE COUNTY COURT-HOUSE, ASHEYILLE. 
[from a photograph by w. t. robkrtson.] 

The main stem of the Western North Carolina railroad, 190 
miles in length, was completed in the face of many difficulties 
incident to want of capital and harmonious organization. The 
original issue of bonds was for ^4,000,000, but ^^ 12,000,000 
have been spent so far in the work, with a great portion of the 
western branch to a junction with the Knoxville and Augusta 
railroad, still to be built. 



112 HISTOEICAL SKETCH. 



"THE PIONEERS." 

I^N compiling this sketch, it is proper that the names of a few 
of those hardy pioneers who began the work of redeeming 
our county from a wilderness, and who laid the foundation 
of its present substantial prosperity, should not be omitted. 
More names would be given had it not been impossible to obtain 
the requisite data, although considerable trouble was taken with 
that purpose. 

Daniel Smith, who settled afthe mouth of Swannanoa in 1785, 
was one of the first white men to press the soil of the present 
limits of Buncombe county. He maintained a warfare, generally 
single-handed, against the Cherokee Indians for many years, and 
not less than one hundred are said to have " bitten the dust " 
from the effects of his unerring rifle. The red-men firmly 
believed that Smith bore a charmed life, and that it was impossi- 
ble to kill him. Many a *' brave " has been heard to tell of the 
number of times he had taken fair and careful aim, at short 
range, with no effect, at the devoted form of the undaunted hun- 
ter. That superstition which is characteristic of all savage 
peoples, invested this wonderful man with a thousand traits which 
he did not possess, and stories innumerable were related 'round 
the fire of the Council Lodge, of the marvellous deeds of prowess 
and cunning which he had performed. Traps were laid for him ; 
parties were made up, sworn to take him alive or dead ; but, 
though sometimes captured, he always made good his escape, 
and lived to see the county of his adoption cleared of his natural 
enemy. His son, the late Colonel James M. Smith (born 1787, 
died 1856), was the first child born of white parents west of the 
Blue Ridge, in the present limits of North Carolina. Another 
son, Moses, is still living, at an advanced age, near Asheville, 
and is celebrated for his remarkable skill as an angler. 
John Patton, father of Montraville Patton, was born in 



BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 113 



Ireland ; he came to the United States about the close of the 
Revolution, and settled within the present limits of this county 
in 1790. He made his first clearing on the Swannanoa, near 
where " Patton's mill " now stands. ' It is related that the 
river on one occasion rose so rapidly that his wife, who was 
preparing dinner, was obliged to flee from the cabin, leaving the 
partly-cooked victuals to the mercy of the flood. The Swan- 
nanoa sometimes goes on "a boom" even to this day; but there 
is no instance recorded in its later history of its having been in 
such a hurry about it. Colonel Patton purchased a tract of 300 
acres near the mouth of the river, in 1795, from "Buncombe 
Bill Davidson," (the first senator from the county,) and removed 
to his new home the same year. A portion of this property is 
^still in the possession of his descendants. The first court held 
in the county met in a building on his place, still standing, and 
now used as a stable. "To what base uses," &c. Colonel Patton 
was the first county surveyor of Buncombe, to which office he 
was elected at its organization ; he and his son, Fidelio, who suc- 
ceeded him, filled the position for fifty years. 

Samuel W. Davidson, another Scotch-Irishman, the ancestor 
of a numerous body still living in this county, removed from 
near Morganton, to the place now owned by A. B. Fortune, on 
the Swannanoa, in 1786. His brother, James, whose lonely 
grave, near the line of the Western North Carolina railroad, is 
still pointed out to the traveller, was killed by the Indians soon 
afterwards. 

James Patton, many of whose descendants yet live in Bun- 
combe county, was born in Ireland, and emigrated to the United 
States in 1783, first settling in Virginia. He removed to this 
county in 1792, and died in 1845, at the age of 90. He pur- 
chased nearly all the ground upon which Asheville now stands 
from James M. Smith for a small sum, little thinking how valua- 
ble the investment would prove in after years to his children. 

John Young, grandfather of Sheriff Young, settled on Cane 
Creek, where he purchased 600 acres of land, about the year 
1800. He afterwards bought i,6oo acres on the Swannanoa, 



114 HISTOEICAL SKETCH. 

where many of his descendants now live. He was a sturdy type 
of the American pioneer, and died universally beloved and 
respected, in 1845, at the age of 80. His mother lived to see her 
113th year. 

Zebulon Baird, father of " Uncle Joe " Baird, and maternal 
grandfather of General R. B. and Senator Z. B. Vance, was born 
in New Jersey. He came to Buncombe county in 1795 from 
Augusta, Ga., in the first four-wheeled wagon to cross the moun- 
tains. Cutting his way through the forests, he made a track 
which was soon to become the main thoroughfare between 
Tennessee and Augusta, from which city most of the merchandise 
sold in East Tennessee and Western North Carolina was hauled 
for the next sixty years. This pioneer wagon was loaded with a 
stock of goods, including the first Jews-harps seen in Buncombe. 
Mr. Baird built and occupied the first storehouse on the present 
site of Asheville ; he also built the first court-house, the first jail, 
and, indeed, made the first clearing where the city now stands. 
His original grant of land, embracing fourteen square miles, 
extended north to the mouth of Beaver Dam. Mr. Baird rep- 
resented this county in both branches of the State Legislature 
for many successive terms. 

Colonel David Vance, grandfather of General R. B. and 
Senator Vance, came from Virginia, and settled on Reems' 
Creek, this county, very soon after the close of the Revo- 
lution. His house, the same in which the post-office of Vance- 
ville is now kept, was built by him nearly one hundred years 
ago, and it is said that the covering has not been renewed to 
this time. Previous to his settlement in Buncombe county, 
Colonel Vance was present at, and took an active part in, the 
battle of King's Mountain, October 7, 1780. He was a brave 
soldier and a talented man. His sons — David, who married a 
daughter of Zebulon Baird, and Robert, who represented the 
Western District in Congress one term, and was killed in a 
duel with Samuel Carson, of Burke county, in 1827 — lie buried 
with him, in the family graveyard, on a hill overlooking the old 
homestead, on Reems' Creek. 



BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 115 



It is related that his daughter, Miss Celia, who afterwards 
married Colonel Ben Brittain, on one occasion having seen a 
"muster," was so much taken with the warlike motions of the 
troops going through their exercises, that she determined, on 
reaching home, to try the "manual" herself An old shot-gun 
entitled " Billy Craig," with a barrel six feet long, was procured, 
and the young girl went through the manual of arms to the best 
of her ability. When the command to "fire!" was given (by 
herself), she pulled the trigger, when bang ! went the old gun, 
(which, of course, " wasn't loaded,") tearing a hole in the corner 
of the house large enough to put one's arm through. This hap- 
pened eighty years ago, but the hole has never been repaired, 
and can be seen to this day. 

David L. Swain was born in Buncombe county in 1801, his 
father having emigrated from Massachusetts a few years pre- 
viously. The son of a poor frontiersman, by the exercise of 
native talent and perseverance he elevated himself to the highest 
rank as a statesman. His early education was received at New- 
ton Academy, Asheville, since the alma mater of many distin- 
guished North Carolinians. Afterwards graduating at Chapel 
Hill, he lived to become Governor of the State, and closed- his 
brilliant career as President of the University where he had 
achieved distinction in his youth. Governor Swain built the 
first brick house west of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina. The 
building is still standing on south Main street, Asheville, and is 
now, with a m(^dern fiont, occupied by S. R. Kepler as a store. 

James Alexander was born in the north of Ireland. He settled 
on Bee-Tree creek, a branch of Swannanoa, about ij^G. His 
descendants at this day outnumber the scions of any other " first 
family" in the county. His wife was also an Irish woman, and 
was noted, like her husband, for many sterhng qualities of head 
and heart. 

James Weaver settled in this county very early in its history. 
He entered a large body of land on Reems' Creek, near the 
present site of Weaverville. His descendants, a numerous and 
respectable body, still live in the vicinity. 



116 HISTOEICAL SKETCH. 



Wm. Whitson, grandfather of Dr. G. W. Whitson, was one of 
the very earliest colonists of Buncombe county. Emigrating 
from Virginia, he first pitched his tent near Morganton, where 
he married. His father-in-law, a member of the McDowell 
family, had entered land on the Swannanoa ; and long before any 
permanent settlements had been made there, he was in the habit 
of paying occasional visits to his property to enjoy the fine hunt- 
ing and fishing which it afforded. On returning to his home he 
would give such glowing accounts of the beauties of the Swan- 
nanoa valley that Whitson at last determined to try his luck in 
the wilderness. He built his cabin on the banks of the river, 
(then rolling through a dense cane-brake,) near where John H. 
Murphy now lives, and had many trials with his neighbors, the 
Indians, before his life was made comfortable by their removal 
further west. 

Samuel Chunn, some of whose descendants are now living in 
Asheville, came to this county in 1797. His house, one of the 
first erected in the town, occupied the ground where the Brand 
building, on south Main street, now stands. Mr. Chunn was one 
of Asheville's first merchants, and was k very successful business 
man. 

James Brevard, grandfather of J. D. Brevard, came from 
Mecklenburg county, and settled on Cane creek, at the place 
now called Fairview, about the year 1800. The county seat of 
Transylvania is named in his honor, and not, as is often sup- 
posed, after Ephraim Brevard, his near relative, one of the 
signers of the " Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence." 
Mr. Brevard represented Buncombe county in the State Legisla- 
ture several terms. He was a man possessed of many of the 
highest qualities, and was renowned, like most of his fellow- 
pioneers, for nobility and purity of character. Indeed, if any of 
the early settlers of this county were possessed of traits which 
their children do not delight to record, tradition fails to give the 
particulars. Their vices must have been few and their virtues 
many ; for it is a noteworthy fact that the men who first broke 
ground in the wilderness, and laid the foundation of the great- 



BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 117 



ness and prosperity of our country, were invariably of simple 
and religious natures. To this the pioneers of Buncombe 
county were no exception — 

" Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife, 
Their sober wishes never learned to stray." 



EMINENT SONS OF BUNCOMBE. 

Si^^UNCOMBE County has produced, in addition to many 
^M^al "°^^ dead, several men, yet living, who have achieved 
<3^^^ national reputations. 

Senator Z. B. Vance was Governor of the State both during 
and since the war, and is now a Senator of the United States, 
and one of the most brilliant members of the Upper House. He 
is the author of the celebrated' expression, " What the Governor 
of North Carolina said to the Governor of South Carolina." 

His brother, Gen. Robt. B. Vance, was a distinguished Confed- 
erate officer, and has represented the Eighth District in Congress 
several successive terms. He is now an eminent member of 
that body, and is always one of the few sober men in the House 
when Congress adjourns. 

General Thomas L. Clingman, though not a native of this 
county, has made it his home for over forty years, and can, 
therefore, justly be claimed as a Buncombe man. He first 
represented the Western District in the lower house of Congress 
forty years ago, and served several terms with distinction. He 
was also a United States Senator for one term. As a scholar 
and scientist, he has few superiors in this country; and his 
invention of an electric light is said to be superior to that of 
Edison. During the late war General Clingman served gallantly, 
and was wounded severely on the field of battle. 

Judge A, S. Merrimon was born in Asheville, where several of 
15 



118 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 



his brothers and sisters are now living. He has filled many 
offices of trust in the gift of the people, and was United States 
Senator from 1871 to 1877. He has been lately appointed by 
the Governor to fill the vacancy on the Supreme Court bench, 
caused by the resignation of Judge Thos. Ruffin. 




ANTLER HALL, ON FRENCH-BROAD RIVER, NEAR ASHEVILLE, 
RESIDENCE OF G. B. TENNENT. 

Several others, of more or less distinction in " field " or 
"forum," have honored this county with their birth; but space 
forbids a mention of their deeds and virtues here. Their memo- 
ries live in the hearts of their children, who, we hope, will strive 
to emulate the actions of their fathers. 



ASHEVILLE. 119 

HISTORICAL SKETCH 

ASHEVILLE, 

BUNCOMBE CO., NORTH CAROLINA.=^= 



GEOGRAPHICAL. 



_lS!\^jSHEVILLE, the seat of justice for Buncombe county, 
W^ the metropolis of Western North Carolina, and justly- 
styled the " Queen City of the Mountains," is situated 
near the confluence of the French-Broad and Swannanoa rivers ; 
272 miles west of Raleigh, 495 southwest of Washington, and 
297 miles northeast of Charleston. The city, built at the edge 
of an extensive basin, on a series of undulating hills running 
back eastwardly from the French-Broad, is about two miles long 
by the same distance in width, and contains a population of over 
4,000 souls. Its mean elevation above the river-bed is 300 feet, 
and above sea-level 2,360 feet, which insures a dry and bracing 
atmosphere, extremely favorable to health. The mean annual 
temperature of Asheville, from observations conducted during 
six and one-half years by the State Geological Survey, is found 
to be 54° 3'; ranging from a minimum of 7° above zero in win- 
ter to a maximum of 86° in summer ; the average spring 
temperature is 53°; summer 72°, autumn 54°, and winter 38°. 
The extremes of heat and cold are never oppressive, and even in 
the warmest part of summer the nights are delightfully cool. 

* For description of other post-offices and towns of Buncombe county, see "The Gazetteer," 
beginning on page 70 of this volume. 



120 HISTORICAL SKETCH. 

Asheville received its charter as a city from the General As- 
sembly of i882-'83, under the auspices of C. M. McLoud, Esq., 
one of the present members of the House from this county. 

The Western North Carolina raih-oad passes through the city, 
giving it unbroken communication with Eastern and Western 
points ; and with the completion of the Spartanburg and Ashe- 
ville railroad, which now lacks but twenty miles (ten of them 
being graded) of reaching Asheville, a near outlet to the South 
will also be secured. A branch of the Western North Carolina 
railroad is graded for seventy miles due west of Asheville, 
twenty miles of this distance being open for traffic, and is designed 
to connect with the Knoxville and Aug-usta railroad. 



HISTORICAL-1798-1865. 

,Ti^^^|t^fSHEVILLE came very near not being built where it 
4a|(j^g now stands. It seems the commissioners appointed to 
6^L-e/.. select a location for a county-seat had agreed upon a 
spot about three miles south of the present site of the city; but were 
afterwards so well treated to " mountain dew " by the proprietor 
of a tavern and store, which stood near what is now the court- 
house square, that, mellowed by the soothing influences of the 
liquor, they unanimously changed their minds, and, acceding to 
the wishes of the tavern-keeper, decided " the best place for a 
town to be, was where good whiskey was plenty." This event 
took place about 85 years ago. The town was at first called Mor- 
ristown, but the name was afterwards changed to its present title 
in compliment to Governor Samuel Ashe. It remained but a 
small and straggling village for a long period ; and sixty years 
ago most of the ground on which the city is now built was in a 
chinquapin thicket. At this time three or four stores, a hotel, 
(still standing, and but little changed in outward appearance.) the 
offices of a few lawyers and physicians, a blacksmith and carpen- 
ter-shop, and about a score of dwellings, composed the town. 



H 
W 

w 
w 

<! 
O 
I— I 

w 




ASHEVILLE. 121 



The population in 1830, two years before the first charter of 
incorporation was received, numbered about 350, one-third being 
slaves; by 1840 it had grown to 500 — the same relative propor- 
tions of whites and blacks being still preserved. 

In 1845, the mercantile business of Asheville was conducted 
by Ja*s. M. Smith, Jas. W. Patton, Roberts & Williams, Joseph 
Dunlap, Alfred B. Chunn, and Montraville Patton ; the two last- 
named are yet living in Asheville. The physicians were Thos. 
C. Lester and J. F. E. Hardy ; the latter gentleman, the father of 
Dr. J. G. Hardy, of this city, died in 1882. The legal fraternity 
was represented by Joshua Roberts, N. W. and John Woodfin, 
Thos, L. Clingman, and B. M. Edney; of these, all men of fine 
talents, General Clingman alone survives. The Presbyterians, 
Baptists, and Methodists all had places of worship ; but the 
only religious edifice now standing, which was then in exist- 
ence, is that of the Presbyterians. Two hotels — the Eagle, kept 
by Jas. W. Patton, and the Buck, (now the Central,) by Jas. M. 
Smith, — sufficed for the wants of the travelling public. There was 
also, at this time, a large hotel, since destroyed by fire, at the 
Sulphur Springs, four miles west of town, where a great number 
of visitors assembled during the summer. 

From old files of the Highland Messenger, the first newspaper 
published in Asheville, and its successor, the News, some 
interesting facts concerning the village at this period were 
gained. In the volume of the Messenger for 1844 we find a 
" Sketch of the Life and Public Services of Henry Clay " run- 
ning through several issues, which tends to prove the " Great 
Commoner " to have been a favorite in Buncombe. In the same 
volume the "Augusta Prices Current," for August 9, 1844, in- 
forms us that bacon (hog-round) was worth 6 to 6^ cts. per lb., 
and hams from 7 to 8 cts. ; Rio and Laguayra coffee from 7 to 10, 
Java from 14 to 16, and Mocha from 18 to 22 cts. per lb. Corn 
is quoted at from 50 to 62^20. per bushel, flour from $4.50 to 
$6. 50 per bbl., Liverpool salt 5 5 to 5 8 cts. per bushel ; North Caro- 
lina tobacco 8 to 15, and Virginia tobacco 15 to 50 cts. per lb. 
(They can't beat us so badly as that now ! ) New Orleans sugar 



122 HISTORICAL SKETCH. 

is quoted from 6 to 8, and " double-refined " 14 to 17 cts. per lb. 
The " Charleston Prices Current," in the issue of the News for 
January 24, 1846, quotes corn 65 to 70, and oats 46 cts. a bushel ; 
peach brandy |i, and " Northern whiskey " 26 to 27 cts. a gallon ! 

In the summer of 1845, the proprietor of the Warm-Springs 
Hotel. Jno. E. Patton, (still living, near Asheville,) takes a full-page 
advertisement in the A^^wi-, printed in large letters, leaving out the 
column-rules, in which he announces that the rates for board will 
be 75 cents a day, or ^5.00 a week, during the season. (N. B. — The 
above prices are somewhat lower than those now charged at 
this famous watering place.) Mr. Patton also announces that he 
has engaged the services of a brass band for the season. Daily 
stages and mails are among the inducements held out to the 
health and pleasure seeker ; and the use of " common tene- 
ments " is offered gratuitously to those who wish to secure the 
benefit of the waters, but who are unable to pay for accommoda- 
tions at the hotel. 

In the issue for June 6, 1845, the latest news from New York 
is dated May 20 ; and by the " remarkably fast passage of the 
Brittania, only 16 days from Liverpool," the news of Europe to 
May 4, is secured. This must have seemed phenomenal to the 
citizens of Asheville at that day — the same when Horace Greely, 
Jas. Gordon Bennett, and Henry Raymond, were such rivals in 
their enterprising efforts to get the first news from the incoming 
European steamers. In the same issue we also see that O'Con- 
nell and "Repeal" were raising a stir in Ireland— that sweet isle, 
which hasn't yet stopped furnishing exciting intelligence to the 
world ; only we get it a little fresher now than then. 

From the advertising columns of the same paper, we find the 
rates for board in 1850 at the Asheville Hotel, now the Carolina 
House, were ^7.00 to ^8.00 per month, and that candles and 
fuel were " extras." From this year up to and during the war, 
very few copies of the Asheville Neivs are in existence ; which is 
a great pity, and will prove an irreparable loss to the future 
historian of the city and county. 

At the breaking out of the late war, in 1861, Asheville was the 



ASHEVILLE. 123 



home of a large number of men of standing and influence, who 
all acted with a common impulse in furthering the cause of the 
South. Company after company was formed, organized, and 
equipped for the service ; and not a few of the brave boys of 
Asheville and Buncombe county were destined soon to give up 
their lives, fighting for their homes, on the battle field. The first 
company to leave for the scene of strife was the Buncombe 
Rifles, W. W. McDowell, captain ; and the second, the Rough 
and Ready Guards, with Z. B. Vance (now Senator) at its head. 
During the sanguinary struggle which laid waste some of the fair- 
est portions of the South, Asheville was but little troubled by the 
invading armies. In the spring of 1865, a party of about 1,500 
Yankees, attempting to enter the place, was met and routed, 
after a sharp skirmish, at the Woodfin farm, on the French- 
Broad, two miles north of town, by the Confederate forces then 
stationed in Asheville. Stoneman and Brown, with their com- 
mands, passed through the town in the May after the Surrender, 
and Northern troops, under various commanders, were stationed 
at Camp Patton (which had been used as a place of encampment 
at various times by the Confederates during the war,) for a year 
afterwards ; but no fighting was done, and Asheville happily 
escaped the bloody scenes witnessed by so many Southern cities 
during the progress of the fratricidal strife. 



SINCE THE WAR. 



ASHEVILLE AS A SUMMER RESORT. 

^URING the war business suffered, of course, for the men 
^ were all in the field; but with the cessation of hostilities, 
things again took an upward turn, and prosperity soon 
began to dawn — a prosperity which has suffered no retrocession 
since. In 1850 the population of Asheville was about 800; in 




124 HISTORICAL SKETCH. 



i860, 1,100, and in 1870, 1,450; the rapid increase being largely 
due to the fame the town was acquiring abroad as a resort for 
health and pleasure seekers. Thousands of strangers from the 
South, besides numbers from the North and East, now visit 
Asheville every summer, to enjoy the fine breezes of the moun- 
tains, and the social pleasures of the city, which is fast taking 
rank as the leading summer resort of the Southern States. 
Three large, elegant, and well-kept hotels, capable of accom- 
modating from 150 to 300 guests each; three others, with 
capacities ranging from 50 to lOO guests; besides boarding 
houses innumerable, serve the wants of the army of tourists 
who flock here during the heated term. 

Another hotel, to cost $100,000, exclusive of furniture, is to 
be ready for the season of 1884. It is now under way, in the 
midst of an extensive park, on an eminence, in the centre of the 
city, and is designed to accommodate from 500 to 600 guests. 
It will be, when completed, one of the largest and most magnifi- 
cent hotels in the South. 

The livery service of Asheville is unsurpassed, yet it is taxed 
to its utmost capacity during the season. The delightful drives 
along the shaded banks of the French-Broad and Swannanoa 
rivers, and the roads to celebrated "views" and mountain peaks 
in the vicinity, are thronged with carriages and equestrians every 
day. Carriage and horseback riding seem to be the principal, 
and, indeed, almost the only, open-air pleasures indulged in by 
our summer visitors. They seldom fish ; they never hunt, and 
the bare thought of a pedestrian tour through the mountains 
would strike a chill of horror to the heart of many a gallant 
"carpet knight." Almost every night during the season, balls 
are given at some one of the principal hotels, with fine bands of 
music in attendance; everything being free to all devotees of 
Terpsichore, as well as to the guests of the house. Skating 
rinks, billiard halls, and the Public Library reading room are all 
places where the long hours can be made to drift pleasantly into 
the past. Indeed, the visitor to Asheville need never suffer for 



ASHEVILLE. 125 



lack of amusements ; for, in addition to those already named, 
the trout-fishing and hunting within easy distance is superb, and 
parties to " rough it " in the grand old mountains, by which the 
city is surrounded, can always be made up. Mt. Mitchell, 6,711 
feet, the highest peak in the United States east of the Rocky 
Mountains, and celebrated as the scene of the tragic death of 
Dr. Elisha Mitchell, who was the first to make accurate surveys 
of elevations in the Southern Plateau of the Alleghanies, is within 
a day's ride of Asheville ; and Craggy, Pisgah, and other noted 
peaks and mountain ranges can be reached in less time. 




i^o 



THE BUSINESS OF THE CITY— ITS POPULATION AND 
WEALTH— ITS FUTURE. 

^HE business men of Asheville are an active and enter 
prising body; ever ready to embark in a paying invest- 
ment; ever honorable in their transactions with their 
customers, with each other, and with the wholesale dealers and 
manufacturers from whom they purchase their stocks; so, at 
home and abroad, the character and credit of our merchants 
stand deservedly very high. The amount of capital at present 
invested in all branches of business in the city, does not fall far 
short of ^1,500,000. 

A glance over the first parts of this book will show in detail 
the number and variety of the industrial pursuits of the citizens 
of Asheville; but a partial recapitulation here will not be out of 
place. We find in the city between 40 and 50 stores where 
general merchandise is sold; 8 or 10 doing a jobbing in addi- 
tion to a retail trade. Only one house does an exclusively 
wholesale business, but its transactions are very large. Two 
wholesale and retail hardware houses, both dealing also in agri- 
cultural implements ; i wholesale and retail dealer in stoves and 
tinware, and 3 tinner's shops. One jeweler, 2 dealers in silver- 

17 



126 HISTOEICAL SKETCH. 



ware, 2 in china and glassware, and i in Florida curiosities ; 4 
millinery establishments, and 4 dealers in sewing machines ; i 
bank, 5 real-estate and insurance agents, representing twenty- 
eight first-class companies, and over ;^200,ooo,ooo of capital ; 6 
liquor dealers, 2 being wholesale and retail, and 5 druggists ; 3 
booksellers and news-dealers, and 2 newspapers. We also find 2 
manufacturers of sash, doors and blinds, and 2 dealers in the 
same ; 3 lumber yards, 6 brick-yards, (not including places 
where builders make their own brick,) i foundry and machine 
shop, 2 planing mills, 2 corn and 2 flouring mills ; 2 carriage 
and wagon manufacturers ; 8 blacksmiths, 2 coopers, 4 painters, 
and 15 firms of contractors and builders. There are 3 furniture 
dealers, 4 cabinetmakers, i undertaker, and i marble yard ; 8 
shoemakers, 3 saddlers, and i tan yard. There are 3 bakers, 5 
butchers, 5 dealers in confectioneries and fruits; 6 hotels, about 
50 boarding houses, and 6 livery stables. The tobacco interest 
is represented by 4 warehouses, 4 factories, and 18 firms of leaf- 
dealers. Of professional men, there are 6 dentists, 10 physi- 
cians (one being a lady), and 21 firms of attorneys. 

Of course it will be understood that in the above list no 
mechanics but those running shops or employing workmen are 
included; there are several hundred journeymen mechanics in 
Asheville, most of them being skilful artisans. 

The population of the city at the various decennial periods 
from 1830 to 1870 has been already given. By the census of 
1880, 2,616 inhabitants were returned. In April of the present 
year (1883), the publisher of this work took a careful census, 
and found that there were 3,874 residents in Asheville : white 
males 1,235, white females 1,173; total whites, 2,408; colored 
males 717, colored females 749; total colored, 1,466 — grand 
total, 3,874; showing an increase of 1,258, or 48. i percent in 
the 22 months which had elapsed since the census of June, 
1880. Now, allowing for a proportionate growth in the five 
months from April to September, 1883, (and this no one will 
gainsay,) we have to-day 4,160 inhabitants in the city. 

The increase in wealth has more than kept pace with the 



ASHEVILLE. 127 



growth of the population. In 1873 the total valuation of real 
and personal property in Asheville was about ;$300,ooo. In 
1874 it was $422,316; in 1875, $486,871 ; in 1876, $581,834; in 
1877, $634,144; in 1878, $691,491 ; in 1879, $810,464; in 1880, 
$904,428; in 1 88 1, $1,003,248; in 1882, $1,220,727; and the 
estimate for the present year, from nearly complete returns, is 
$1,500,000. Thus, while the population in thirteen years has 
increased about 200 per cent., the wealth of the city has in ten 
years been augmented 400 per cent. Truly this is a sign of 
abundant prosperity. And still the boom continues. Strangers 
with capital are arriving every day — for the fame of Asheville, 
as the future great city of the State, is being sounded abroad. 
With the completion of the Spartanburg and Asheville railroad, 
giving us unbroken communication with Charleston, Atlanta, 
and other South Carolina and Georgia cities ; and the western 
branch of the Western North Carolina railroad finished to its 
meeting point with the Knoxville and Augusta railroad, bringing 
to our doors the untold mineral and agricultural wealth of a 
hitherto undeveloped region of our State, Asheville's future as a 
railroad centre will be secured. Her magnificent water-power, 
availability of raw material, and other superiorities, destine her 
to become ere long a manufacturing centre as well. As a sum- 
mer resort she stands unrivalled, and her mercantile trade is al- 
ready large. Who can foretell what the city, with her great 
natural and artificial advantages, will become in another decade! 



LOCAL IMPROVEMENTS— STREETS, BUILDINGS, 
WATER-WORKS, &c. 

l^,j|,.MsHE dwellings and business houses of Asheville will com- 
' ^ pare favorably with those of some far larger cities. Most 
of the mercantile establishments are of brick, from two 
to four stories in height, and many of them are distinguished by 
imposing fronts of glass and iron ; the few old frame stores yet 




128 HISTORICAL SKETCH. 



remaining are being rapidly replaced by handsome brick build- 
ings, and soon the last will have disappeared. 

Asheville is adorned with many fine private residences, and 
both in the city and its suburbs are found some mansions and 
villas of surpassing elegance. The churches of Asheville are a 
credit to its people ; the hotels are renowned for size and beauty, 
and the tobacco-warehouses are all brick structures of spacious 
extent. 

At this date (September, 1883,) over one hundred buildings, 
including fifteen large brick storehouses, from two to five stories 
high, are in course of erection in the city, at a total cost of not 
less than ^150,000. 

In noticing the buildings of Asheville, special mention must 
be made of the Buncombe-County court-house. It is situated in 
the exact centre of the city, on the Public Square, and is one of 
the finest edifices of the kind in the State ; it was completed in 
1877, at a cost of ;^33,ooo. The United States Circuit and Dis- 
trict Courts are held within its walls, in addition to the regular 
courts of the county. A handsome opera-hall, with well-arranged 
stage, scenery, &c., having a comfortable seating capacity of 400, 
occupies the third floor. 

City Water-Works. — This great enterprise, which is des- 
tined to be of such inestimable benefit to the people of Asheville, 
was inaugurated in 1882, and is to be completed the present 
year, at a cost of ^$20,000. The reservoir, having a capacity of 
nearly 1,000,000 gallons, is situated on the mountain-side, 
near the eastern limits of the city, with an elevation of 150 
feet above the Court-House Square. The water, gathered from 
numerous springs, is conducted through terra-cotta pipes a dis- 
tance of two miles, with a gradual fall along the mountain-slope, 
to the reservoir, whence ten-inch iron mains carry it to the Pub- 
lic Square ; from here six-inch pipes branch in all directions over 
the city, carrying the precious fluid to its remotest parts. The 
city is the owner of the system, and only a sum sufficient to 
guarantee a small interest on the outlay will be charged house- 
holders for the use of the water. 



ASHEVILLE. 129 



Within the past year ;^20,ooo have been expended in improv- 
ing the streets of Asheville ; six miles have been macadamized in 
that time ; besides new sidewalks laid down, old streets widened, 
and new ones opened to the public. Before long Asheville will 
be as distinguished for good highways as she formerly was for 
bad ones. 




11 



SOME NEEDED IMPROVEMENTS. 

!7|.SHEVILLE is at present lighted with the old-fashioned 
kerosene lamp ; but the march of progress demands its 
speedy abolition ; gas or the electric light must inevi- 
tably take its place, ere long, in our growing city. 

An ice-factory is a much-needed enterprise in our midst; for 
in this region ice is gathered about one year in every two, and is 
never a certain "crop." A machine capable of turning out suffi- 
cient for the wants of the city would cost but little in comparison 
with the profits which the investment would guarantee. Ashe- 
ville every summer uses an immense quantity of ice, and the 
home supply, when there is any at all, hardly ever lasts through 
August. During several months it is brought here from the 
Kennebec river, at a heavy expense for freight, and must be sold, 
to realize a living profit, at a price far above that at which it 
could be afforded, if we manufactured it ourselves. 

A street railway from the depot to the centre of the city is 
another undertaking which would pay handsomely in Asheville, 
Extra horses or an " inclined plane " could be used to surmount 
the hill rising from the river ; indeed, the grade, though heavy 
for horse-power, is so slight for an inclined-plane railway that the 
same cars could make the entire distance, and the only extra 
expense be for the stationary-engine and cables. 

This enterprise would work a revolution in the carrying trade 
of the city ; for, freight as well as passenger cars being employed, 
most of the present multitude of wagons and omnibuses would 



130 HISTOEICAL SKETCH. 



no longer be required. The result would be cheaper and quicker 
transportation of passengers and goods, and consequent great 
benefits to the citizens and the travelling public. 

A coal and wood yard, a telephone exchange, an extensive 
carriage and wagon factory, and a national bank are also much 
needed, and would be sure to pay in Asheville. 



CHURCHES. 



icSjMm®' 



m, 



.VjSHEVILLE is well supplied with places of religious 



siffi; 



ICJJSMK worship, under the charge of able and eloquent minis- 
ters. Nine churches, six white and three colored, are 
open every Sunday to the public, and are generally thronged 
with worshippers. 

The Presbyterian Church was organized about sixty-five 
years ago by Rev. George Newton, the first pastor ; he was fol- 
lowed by Rev. Mr. Bradshaw. For several years the congre- 
gation worshipped at Newton Academy; but in 1825, the 
present building was erected, the ground being donated by 
James Patton. The present pastor is Rev. James P. Gammon, 
and the membership is about 125. 

Baptist. — This church was constituted December 6, 1829; 
the first pastor being Rev. Thomas Stradley, who filled the pul- 
pit for the next forty-six years. Mr. Stradley, who is still living, 
came from England, and settled in Buncombe county in 1826. 
He bought the ground on which the present church edifice 
stands, in his own name, and was, indeed, the principal agent in 
its erection; previously the place of worshijD had been on the 
west side of French-Broad river. Peter Stradley, who died at 
Hendersonville in 1883, was the first clerk. This church has 
had but three pastors in fifty-four years: Revs. Thos. Stradley 
and A. C. Dixon, and the present incumbent, Dr. John Mitchell. 
The number of names now on the church books is 225. 

The Episcopal Church was founded in Asheville in 1846, 



ASHEVILLE. 131 



at that time having only three communicants. Dr. Jarvis 
Buxton, the present incumbent, was the first rector. The 
membership is now 125, and three chapels — St. Andrew's, 
Beaver Dam, and Haw Creek, — also belong to the parish. The 
elegant and commodious structure now occupied by this church 
was finished the present year, at a cost of nearly ^8,000. 

Methodist Episcopal, South. — This church was founded in 
Asheville many years ago, but was not organized into a separate 
pastoral charge until 1848 — with the Rev. J. S. Burnett as 
pastor. Its beginning was feeble, but it has continued to de- 
velop in strength and character, until it has become one of the 
most prosperous churches in the city. It has now a membership 
of over 300, and an imposing building. Rev. G. C. Rankin is the 
present pastor. 

Roman Catholic. — There are now very few communicants of 
this church living in Asheville. The building, a neat brick 
structure, situated in a beautiful grove, on a swelling eminence, 
was erected about fourteen years ago. Services are held 
monthly ; Rev. Mark S. Gross, of Hickory, pastor in charge. 

Methodist Episcopal. — This church was established quite 
recently in Asheville, and the membership now amounts to 
about 30. Rev. T. Clayton was the first pastor, succeeded by 
Rev W. M. Bagby, who is at present in charge. The church- 
building, corner of Patton avenue and Bailey street, was erected 
in 1882, and cost about ;^2,ooo. 

Colored Churches. — Of these, there are three in Asheville : 
Episcopal, (Freedmen's Chapel, under the patronage of Trinity 
Parish,) Baptist, and African Methodist Episcopal. All have 
goodly lists of members, and the places of worship are very 
creditable buildings. The Methodists are now building a very 
neat edifice of brick, at a cost of ^^2,500, to replace the old 
church on College street. 



132 HISTORICAL SKETCH. 




SCHOOLS. 

5HIS city is rich in good schools ; numerous institutions of 
learning, with able teachers, giving her youth unequalled 
opportunities for acquiring knowledge. 
Newton Academy. — This school, at which Governor Swain, 
General R. B. Vance, and other distinguished men received their 
early education, was founded during the closing years of the last 
century. B. Smith was the first principal, followed by Rev. F. 
Porter, who was in turn succeeded by Rev. Geo. Newton, (the 
founder of the Asheville Presbyterian church,) who gave his 
name to the institution. After a long and successful career, 
Newton Academy was suffered to fall into decay. The school 
was suspended in consequence of the dilapidation of the building 
and lack of patronage, but was afterwards revived, and the pres- 
ent commodious brick structure erected. It is situated within 
100 yards of the old log school-house, and ly^ miles south of 
Asheville court-house. G. W. Snelson is now the principal. 

Asheville Male Academy took the place of Newton Acad- 
emy, at the period of its temporary suspension, nearly forty 
years ago. It was at first conducted in one of the brick build- 
ings now forming a part of the Asheville Female College. The 
first principal was J. H. Norwood, aided by Colonel Stephen 
Lee, The latter afterwards conducted a school in Chunn's Cove, 
1% miles east of Asheville, for over thirty years. Asheville 
Male Academy is now situated in the northwest portion of the 
city, and is presided over by Professor S. F. Venable, a very 
successful educator. 

Asheville Female College. — This celebrated seat of learn- 
ing has been in operation since 185 1; in which year it was 
chartered under the auspices of the Holston Conference, Method- 
ist Episcopal Church, South; the Rev. Erastus Rowley being 
the first president. The spacious grounds, 12 acres in extent, 
in the very heart of the city, were given many years before, by 



ASHEVILLE. 133 



James Patton, for educational purposes, and are still occupied 
by the college buildings, including boarding houses, and the 
residences of the professors. 

Before the war as many as 300 young ladies, from all parts of 
the South, received instruction at this institution. Long before a 
railroad had got within lOO miles of Asheville, these pupils, 
generally the children of wealthy parents, came in their fathers' 
carriages, and very often remained the four years required to 
complete the course. During the war the college was deserted, 
but of late years it has been making rapid steps towards regain- 
ing its pristine vigor. In the session of i882-'83, 149 students, 
representing 12 different States, from Maine to Florida, were in 
attendance, and a large increase is expected the coming term. 
An able faculty is at present engaged. Rev. James Atkins, Jr., 
President. 

Ravenscroft Diocesan Training School is under the au- 
spices of the Episcopal church, and was established several 
years ago as a theological seminary. The .spacious buildings 
and grounds on Church street are owned by Trinity parish, 
Asheville. Rev. D. H. Buel, Principal. 

Since the first parts of this book were printed, two new edu- 
cational enterprises have been inaugurated in this city : 

Asheville Grammar and High School, Cassimar Falk, late 
a professor in the Asheville Female College, Principal; Robert 
P. Pell, A. B., assistant; and 

Oak-Hill Seminary, a school for young ladies, with an able 
corps of lady teachers, consisting of Misses M. R. Goodloe, F. 
E. Buxton, and H. A. Champion. Miss F. L. Patton is Superin- 
tendent. 

There are also, in addition to the above, free schools for white 
and colored, and several private educational establishments in the 
city. 

18 



134 HISTORICAL SKETCH. 




NEWSPAPERS. 

pHE first journalistic venture in Asheville was the High- 
|i land Messenger, started in 1840 by Christian McNally^ 
who was soon succeeded in the control of the paper by 
Rev. Thos. Atkin. The name was subsequently changed to the 
Asheville Nezvs, and under this title published by Mr. Atkin up 
to and during the war. The Spectator, the Expositor, the Joitr- 
nal, the Pioneer, and various others, including a religious weekly 
and a very short-lived " daily," have since seen the light in our 
town, have led more or less checkered, and longer or shorter 
careers, and died. 

At present there are two newspapers published in Asheville, 
the '^Citizen'' and the "News"; both enterprising sheets, with 
large and growing circulations. 

The Weekly Citizen was founded in 1871 by R. M, Furman, 
who was joined by Jordan Stone in 1876. These gentlemen, in 
association with Colonel John D. Cameron, formerly of the 
Durham R,ecorder, are the present editors and proprietors. In 
January, 1882, this firm issued the first number of the Semi- 
Weekly Citizen, a very successful venture. The Citizeji is the 
ofificial organ of the Democratic party of the Eighth Congres- 
sional District. The weekly edition has a circulation of 1,500, 
and reaches the remotest parts of Western North Carolina. 

The Asheville News was founded by its present enterprising 
proprietors, the Messrs. Deake, in August, 1880; and, though 
Republican in politics, has a large circulation among the Demo- 
crats of the city and county. The News is one of the leading 
Republican newspapers of the State, and is distinguished for 
liberality of tone in its editorials and the perspicacity of its local 
columns. 

A city with Asheville's advantages should support a daily 
newspaper. It is true the population is small yet, but our mer- 
chants and business men are proverbially liberal advertisers ; and 
the immense influx of strangers to the city at all seasons, but 



ASHEVILLE. 135 



especially in summer, would materially help to swell the circula- 
tion. Besides, there are no " dailies " published nearer than 
Knoxville or Charlotte, and all Western North Carolina, west of 
the Blue Ridge, would, in any event, be tributary to Asheville 
for the daily, as it now is, principally, for the weekly, news. We 
shall gladly hail the hour, and trust it is not distant, when 
Asheville can boast a daily paper of her own. 




SOCIETIES AND ASSOCIATIONS. 

jOUNT HERMON LODGE, No. ii8, A. F. and A. M., 
was chartered in 1847, with 30 members. The first 
officers were : Joshua Roberts, W. M. ; Erastus Row- 
ley, Secretary; M. W. Alexander, S. W. ; J. W. Norwood, J. W.; 
Jas. W. Patton, Treasurer ; Geo. W. Shackelford, Tiler. 

At present there are 62 attending, and about 100 non-affiliating, 
members. 

Asheville Division Sons of Temperance was organized in 
the spring of 1883, and is under the auspices of the Grand 
Lodge of the State. It is composed of a large number of citi- 
zens and many ladies. This society supplies a long-felt want in 
our midst, and is sure to prove a great boon to the community. 

The Young Men's Christian Association was founded in 
Asheville in 1882. It is composed of a number of young men 
of sterling religious character, and has already been productive 
of much good. 

The Asheville Club, founded in 1881, now comprises about 
50 of our citizens, and was organized for the purpose of advanc- 
ing the social and literary tastes of its members. Spacious 
apartments have been fitted up as reading, billiard, and con- 
versation rooms, where the leisure hours can be made to drift 
pleasantly away. 

The Asheville Public Library is the outgrowth of the 
old " Asheville Reading Club " founded many years ago. To 



136 HISTORICAL SKETCH. 

Dr. J. G. Hardy, of this city, more than to any other man, does 
Asheville owe the organization of this elegant Hbrary, which 
now contains over a thousand volumes, embracing all branches of 
literature. A reading room, supplied with the leading news- 
papers and magazines, is in connection, and is free to all. 

The Board of Trade was organized in January, 1882. The 
entire business community, of every vocation, is represented; 
and it is one of the best agencies in our midst for furthering the 
general interests of the city. 

The Asheville Tobacco Association is composed of the 
leading men engaged in the business in the city. It is an organ- 
ization which has its fellow in all towns where tobacco is manu- 
factured or sold; and its purpose is to promote the best interests 
of the planter as well as those of its members. 

The Asheville Thespian Club was founded in 1876, and 
has at present twenty members, comprising the best local 
talent. The Club occupies commodious and handsomely fur- 
nished rooms on south Main street, and gives performances, at 
intervals through the season, in the Asheville Opera-House. 
The " Thespians " have a fine set of costumes and properties, 
and their acting is said to be very good. 

The Asheville Light Infantry is a military company com- 
posed of about fifty young men of the city, and was organized 
the present year (1883). It is well equipped with arms and hand- 
some uniforms, and presents a brilliant and warlike appearance 
on parade. 

There are also several societies, secret and benevolent, amongst 
the colored people of Asheville. 



ASHEVILLE. 137 



"TO ASHEVILLE BY STAGE." 

^0^\\7>SFIEVILLE was at one time the centre of one of the 
JjR^ife most extensive systems of stage routes east of the Rocky 
6^^T^^ Mountains. Valentine Ripley, of Hendersonville, was 
a famous "stage-man" between the years 1840 and 1865. His 
lines branched from Asheville in every direction : To Mt. Ster- 
ling, Ky., through Cumberland Gap, 245 miles ; to Greeneville, 
Tenn., and Greenville, S. C., each 60 miles, making a continuous 
route of 120 miles; to Warm Springs, 37 miles; to Salisbury, 
140 miles, and to other points. To operate the business 
required an army of men and horses, from 100 to 150 of the lat- 
ter being about the average number in use, with from 15 to 20 
coaches ; but in some busy summer-seasons 300 to 400 horses, 
100 to 150 men, and from 50 to 60 coaches, were necessary to 
accommodate the travelling public. 

As railroads approached nearer to Asheville the staging inter- 
est grew less year by year. On the retirement of Mr. Ripley, 
Blair & Hankins ran the lines from Greeneville, Tenn., to Green- 
ville, S. C., via Asheville ; from the latter place to Morganton, 
(then the terminus of the Western North Carolina railroad ;) to 
Warm Springs, and to several other points, for some years. 

In 1 87 1 E. T. Clemmons began running sundry lines radiating 
from Asheville : To Wolf Creek, Tenn., via Warm Springs ; to 
Old Fort (the terminus of the Western North Carolina railroad 
from 1 87 1 to 1876); to Greenville, S. C, and many other places. 
He was succeeded by Weddin & Bailey in 1876, who ran but a 
few routes in comparison with their predecessors ; for, by this 
time, the railroads were closing in on every side. At present 
the only stage-line entering this city (once such a celebrated 
" staging centre," but now soon to become a railroad centre 
instead,) is that from Hendersonville, 20 miles distant. Even this 
solitary relic of the past will soon follow its companions into 
oblivion ; when the Spartanburg and Asheville railroad is com- 
pleted, its days of usefulness, too, will have been numbered. 



13d 



-THE- 



(Jsf(QVtfrQ witi^en 



WEEKLY AND SEMI-WEEKLY, 



As:ti:E:MT.j^j^iE:, n. c. 



FURMAN, STONE & CAMERON, 



EDITORS AND PUBLISHERS. 



A larger doua fide circulation In the transmon- 
tane district of North Carolina than any other three 
papers combined. 

Reaching all class'es of business, It is the 

BesI lldveflising Medium fof ^^eslern North Carolina. 



FOR SPECIMEN COPIES AND RATES, APPLY TO 
THE PUBLISHERS. 



140 



H 



ml 




'•'f 



PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY AT 



ASHEVILLE, NORTH CAROLINA 



C. T C. DEAKE, Editor. 
J. W. C. DEAKE, Publisher. 



TERMS: $1.50 per year, in advance. 



THE NEWS IS A FOUR-PAGE PAPER, IN ITS FOURTH 

VOLUME ; WELL'^PRINTED, ABLY EDITED, 

AND DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS 

OF BUNCOMBE COUNTY. 

HAS AN INCREASING 

CIRCULATION. 



REPUBLICAN IN POLITICS. 



J41 

JNO. A. WACNER, 

ARCHITECT AND BUILDER, 

Residence, Woodfin St., 



PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS FURNISHED. SATISFACTION 
GUARANTEED. 

T. C. WESTALL & SOI, 

contractors:ai^builders, 

ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



ALL ORDERS WILL RECEIVE PERSONAL AND PROMPT 
ATTENTION. 



M 



SOUTH MAIN ST., 



THE SUBSCRIBERS ARE PREPARED TO MANUFACTURE 

AND REPAIR CARRIAGES, BUGGIES, WAGONS, 

&c., IN A WORKMANLIKE MANNER, 

AND ON REASONABLE TERMS. 
HORSE-SHOEINC IN GOOD STYLE. 

J. C. OLIVER, 

BAKER & CONFECTIONER, 

PATTON AVENUE, 



FRESH BREAD, CAKES, PIES, &c., ALWAYS ON HAND. 

19 



142 

S. R. CHEDESTER & SON, 

PATTON AVE, - ASHEVILLE, N. C. 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL 

General Merchandise 



AGENTS DOMESTIC SE"WING-MACHINB. OWNERS 

CHEAPEST STORE IN THE \yORLI), AND 

BEST HOTEL IN THE STATE. 

TIMMlia 

ROOFING, GUTTERING, AND ALL KINDS OF WORK DONE 

ON MOST REASONABLE TERMS AND AT 

SHORT NOTICE. 

Patton Avenue, ASHEVILLE, N. C. 

HAMPTON & FEATHERSTON, 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN 

Fine fm, Whiskiss, Srasiies, Cigars Si Urn:, 

WEST SIDE PUBLIC SaUAEB, 

FOR FINE STEREOSCOPIC VIEWS OF THE "LAND OF THE SKY," OR THE 
BEAUTIES OF WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA SCENERY, SEND TO 

T.A."Y"I_.OI^ & iFOLSOIM:, 

ASHEVILLE N. C,, 

P^otogiiapIiBrg and pablighei'^ of ^tei'Bo^copic IfieWg. 



One dozen mailed to any address for $1.50, post-paid. Send for Catalogue. 



143 



mw, M» ©e walmi^, 



GOOD WORK AT LOW RATES. 

Office in Van Gilder Block, North Main Street, 
ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



HOUSE PAINTER, 

KALSOMINEE, AND GLAZIER. 



All orders promptly attended to. 
ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



JOHNSTON & SHUFORD, 

ATTORNEYS AT LAW, 

Practice in the courts of Bun- 
combe, Madison, Henderson, Tran- 
sylvania, and Haywood counties. 

Office, Johnston Buil(lin»r, S. W. Cor. Public Square, 
ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



WM. H. WHITSON, 

attorney at Jjaw, 

Office in Court-House, 

ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



Special attention to practice in the 
Probate Court, and collections. 



M. E. CARTER, 

E! IT UW, 



ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



CARTER & CARTER, 



.UTORNEYS AUAW. 



ASHEVILLE, N. C. 



n. p. WALKER Si CO., 

[ fTOBACCO e'BRQKERS^ 

ASHEVILLE, X. C. 



CALL AT 

BALLARD'S 




(\ 




SPECIAL ATTENTION PAID 
TO ORDERS. 



AND BUY A PRESENT FOR 
THOSE AT HOME. 



144 



'ill, 



ill 



'®l» 



J. E. RANKIN, (of J. E. Rankin and Bearden, Rankin & Co., Asheville.) 



JAS. M. BROOKSHIRE. 



RANKIN & CO. 



HAVING LEASED FOR A TERM OF YEARS THE ELEGANT AND COMMODIOUS 
NEW BRICK STORE AT 

SWANNANOA BRIDGE (BEST P. 0.), 

WILL BE PLEASED TO SHOW THEIR FRIENDS AND THE PUBLIC A LARGE 
AND WELL-SELECTED STOCK OF 







BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, &c.. 



AND ALL VARIETIES OF 



GENERAL MERCHANDISE. 



HIGHEST PRICES PAID FOR FARMING PRODUCE. 



The business will be under the management of Jas. M. 
Brookshire, assisted by Chas. Webb. 

R. L. riTZPATRICK, 

KALSOMINER AND GLAZIER. 



FIKST-CLASS WORK AT LOW RATES. SATISFACTION 
GUARANTEED. 

North Main St., opp. Post-Office, J^SHIYILLE, M, €, 



h 



le Heart of the Allegliaiiies; or, Western North Carolina. 

By W. C. ZEICLER and b. s. crosscup. 

4 Graplnc Book, Descriptive of tlie Scenery, Treating of the Resources, and Narrating 
the History of the Mountain Region of North Carolina. 

380 Pages— 22 Illustrations and Map. 



" There is a welcome, therefore, for the book called the ' Heart of the Alleghanies.' * * * It is a guide- 
)ook. It is a book of travel. It is also a book of legends and information abont natural resources. Besides, it is 
a valuable and pleasant contribution to the history of one of the earlicst-inliabited parts of the Union. Few 
narratives are fresher tlian the author's description of a bear hunt and his narrative of the history of the peaceful 
Indians who still inhabit these mountain recesses. In every chapter the appreciative reader gets hints of moun- 
tain air and feels the pleasure of a lioliday jaunt." 

The Charleston News and Courier says: " The book is indeed an interesting record of travel and adventure, 
and a useful guide-book to a most beautiful and attractive region. The climate is delightful and invigorating, 
and in short, is a country which needs only to be known to rival any other as a health and pleasure resort." 
American News Co., Kew Torlc; A. Williams & Co., Raleigh, N. C; 'T. Hammond, Charleston, S, C, 



D.IVID MURDOCH. 



JOHN MURDOCH. 



JAS. COLVIN. 



MURDOCH & COLVIN, 

CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS, 

Will contract for any size of job. 
ASHEVILLE, - - NORTH CAROLINA. 



T. is/di. :poi?.tei?,. 



-DEALER IN- 



Family Groceries and General fflerctandise. 

HIGHEST CASH PRICE PAID FOR PRODUCE. 
BEST, KT. C. 



-DEALER IN- 




PRODUCE, I FERTILIZERS, 
ALEXANDER, N. C. 



SWANNANOA HOTEL, 



, THE LEON HOTEL, 

y TALLAHASSEE, FLORIDA. 



Dr. Wm. H. Hoiftrerton, Proprietor. 



Dn Wm. H.^i 

J. D. bJE 



VARD &; CO., 



^)WKCLESALi: AHI SETAIL BEALESS IlTd 



T 




BOOTS, SHOES, | HATS; 

— A SUPERIOR LINE OF — 

Pry Goods, J^otions, press Goods, &c. 

A SELECT STOCK OF 

Coffees, Sugars, Tobacco, and Cigars 

A Full Assortment of Gents' Furnishings, including 
Diamond Shirts, Collars, and Cuffs. 



Agents for T. Miles <2f Son's Celebrated Hand and Custom- Made Sho^s. 

Cof, Cmirt-Hoise Spare anil Pattoa Ave.. ASHE? ILLE. N. C. 



I. LB'V^'y <Sz; OO., 

-^EZE^DEALERS INEE^^- 

MeD's, Boys', and Ifofltlis' Fioe Clotlinjf. 

Philadelphia and Home-Made Boots and Shoes for Ladies, Gen- 
tlemen, Misses, Children, and htfants. 

Hats, Caps, Gents^ Furnishing Goods, Trunks, Umbrellas, Sec. 
Boots and Shoes Made to Order at Short Notice. 



iTortli Sid© I'-aTslio Sq-aare, - ASHBVlI-l-B, XT- C-