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About Google Book Search Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web at |http: //books .google .com/I GEORGE ROBERTS JOHN PAIII inNF' Compliments of CHAS. H. ROBERTS. Concord. N. H. u.^ ■y.r •^\ nAilVAIlO eOLlESE UMAItr GiFT OF CH.i»LES H. rAYLOR A SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF GEORGE ROBERTS. By Charles H, Roberts, HEN in the summer of 1 90 1 I made a short visit to the home of my boy- hood a letter, of which the following is a copy, was handed me by the postmaster : Geo. W. Featherstonhaugh, Counselor at Law, Schenectady, N. Y., July 28, 1901. Postmaster of Middleton^ N, H. Dear Sir: About seventy years ago one George Roberts who fought under' Paul Jones in the battle between the Bon Homme Richard and the Serapis died at Middleton, N. H., and I presume he must have been buried there. * If so, it must be a fact well known m your town, to those interested in local history. Can you kindly inform me if the grave of this man is in your place, and if so, where and what monument marks the spot and what the inscrip- tion says of him ? , If the facts are not within your knowledge kindly hand this letter to some one who would be likely to know. I take the liberty of troub- ling you as I know no one in your town to address. The purpose of my inquiry is simply for historical information. Very respl. yours, Geo W. Featherstonhaugh. I answered this letter giving him, so far as I was then able to do, the information sought. Later on I re- ceived the following : Schenectady, N. Y., Sept. 27, 1901. C H, Roberts^ Esq., Concord, AT. H. w^,. -^ ,, Dear Sir : I was much gratified at receiving an answer to the inquiry which I sent out in July last and also much surprised at its coming from a grandson of George Roberts. I have always been interested in the life of Paul Jones and the brave men who fought with him. The battle between the Bon Homme Richard and the Serapis always seemed to me to be the most terrific contest ever fought upon the sea. Reading last winter the life of Paul Jones by' Cyrus T. Brady I was struck with his descrip- tion of this battle. He says, "A daring sailor ran out upon the main yardarm which hung over the after hatch of the Serapis and began to throw grenades down the hatchway. At last a hand grenade struck the hatch comlnng, bounded aft and fell into the midst of a pile of cartridges. There was a terrific crash which silenced the roar of the battle. When the smoke cleared away the decks were filled with the dead and dying. It was this last shock that determined Pearson to surrender." I determined to investigate the truth of the statement and to ascertain if possible the name of the man who could perform such an act of unparalleled bravery. The result of my investi- gation has been that the act was performed as described by Mr. Brady, and the name of the sailor beyond all doubt was George Roberts. I then attempted to find out who George Roberts was, where he had lived and died. At last I located him in Middleton, N. H., and con- cluding that he might have died there and been buried there I wrote my letter. I sho\ild be much pleased if you could give me some account of his birth, life, etc., as well as inscription on stone. I aih glad to learn that you are to publish a sketch of his life and services. In these times of the revival of interest in the American Revo- lution it cannot fail to attract attention. The part your grandfather acted in the battle between the Richard and Serapis not only showed his great bravery, but was of the first importance and far reaching, and should not be lost sight of in the passing years. The American sailor, the man behind the gun, should have the credit due to him. ' Very sincerely yours, Geo. W. Featherstonhaugh. .n. k »' [In response to a letter to Mr. •Featherstonhaugh, inquiring how his attention was first called to the mat- ter of services rendered by George Roberts, I received the following un- der date of June 18, 1902 : A SKETCH OF GEORGE ROBERTS. My great grandmother lived at Scarborough, England, at the time of the battle between the Richard 2Xidi Serapis. Her son, after whom I am named, and who was a Fellow of the Royal Society, author, etc., became an extensive trav- eler in the United States, recording in his jour- nal everything of interest. These journals are now unfortunately destroyed except a very few. In one of the earlier ones between 1808 and 181 3 he mentioned meeting a man who was one of the crew of the Richard^ who stated that the Serapis surrendered because her magazine was exploded by a common sailor named " Robert- son,'* from New England states, who threw down explosives from the rigging of the Richard upon the deck of the Serapis. My attention was next called to the matter by an article in an old newspaper, on the death of George Roberts. I at once recognized the "daring sailor" men- tioned by Brady as the " Robertson " of my grandfather's journal and the George Roberts of the newspaper article.] George Roberts was bom at Dover, New Hampshire, August 21, 1755. He was in direct descent from Thomas Roberts who settled at Dover Neck in 1623. There is nothing au- thentic as to where he emigrated from, but there is a tradition that he came from near Chester, England. The land upon which he settled is still owned in the Roberts family. George was of the fifth generation, the genealogy being as follows : Thomas (i), Thomas (2), Nathaniel (3), Nathaniel (4), George (5); his brothers were David, Isaac and Na- thaniel. His father was lost at sea, and his sailor brother, Isaac, met a like fate. When a lad George went to sea as a cabin boy, and when quite a young man was mate of a vessel trading between Portsmouth, N. H., and the West Indies. As related by him his vessel took out the first ice ever shipped to those islands, and when the negroes came on board to unload the vessel, they dropped the first cake of ice, crying out, ** It burns our fingers.'' On May 29, 1775, he enlisted for two months in Capt. Jonathan Went- wOrth's company in Colonel Poor's New Hampshire regiment, and served as a sergeant until August first of that year. Poor's regiment was not at Bunker Hill, but was guarding the coast. Later it became a part of General Washington's army at Dorchester. He gave as his reason for not re- enlisting that he preferred going to war on the water rather than trudg- ing around on land, carrying a heavy knapsack and musket, and that he disliked his captain, who, it seems, was subsequently tried by court mar- tial and dismissed from the service. In the month of September, 1777, he enlisted as a mariner on board the continental ship of war. Ranger^ com- manded by John Paul Jones. The Ranger was built at Ports- mouth, N. H., and sailed on the ist of November, 1777. In this connection the following letters are of interest : Portsmouth, August 29, 1777. Gentlemen : As the continental ship of war Ranger under my command is ready for sea — and as I have particular orders from Congress to proceed with all possible expedition — I take the liberty of applying to you for authority to enlist a few men from the Forts and garrisons in the Harbour, whereby I may be enabled with the greater facility to complete my compliment and to fulfil the instructions of Congress . . . I am with due respect Gentlemen, Your most obedient very humble servant, J NO. P. Jones. To the Hon'ble The Committee of Safety for the state of New Hampshire. Portsmouth, Sept. 20, 1777. Mr. Speaker *S: Gkntlemex: The enclosed letter to the Committee of Safety having pro- duced no effect, I think it my duty to lay it be- A SKETCH OF GEORGE ROBERTS. fore^you, — as the departure of the Ranger is now impeded solely for the want of the liberty which I then asked and which I now hope to obtain from you. United as the continent is its interest must take precedence of all private concerns in every patriot breast, and as I hope I have served without blame since the first establishment of the Navy, I am persuaded I shall meet with the same countenance and assistance from you which any other officer hath experienced. Meantime, I have the honor to be, with senti- ments of respect, Gentlemen, your most obedient Very humble servant, J. P. J. The Hon'ble The Speaker, and Representatives of the State of New Hampshire. On October, 30, 1777, Jones wrote to his friend Joseph Hewes, member of the Continental Congress from North Carolina : I have been for some time and am now de- tained by a heavy gale from the N. £. When it clears up I propose to embrace the first wind that can convey me thro* the enemies* lines^ and off the coast. I have received orders and dis- patches for France and hope to be the welcome messenger at Paris of Burgoyne's surrender. The Ranger finally sailed in such haste that a part of her '* small stores ** were left on shore, and when at sea it was discovered that but thirty gallons of rum had been taken on board. She arrived at Nantes, France, December 2, 1777. From Nantes she sailed for Brest, reaching there on the 13th of February, 1778, where Jones saluted the French admiral with thir- teen guns, which was returned with nine. This was the first salute to the American flag by a foreign man of war. [Sometime previous to the salute, Jones wrote the following letter to William Carmichael, who was secre- tary to the American Commissioners to France : Ranger, 13, Feb. 1778. My Dear Sir : You will confer a singular obligation upon me by presenting my respects to the Freijich Admiral, whom I mean to salute with thirteen guns under American colours — provided he will accept the compliment and re- turn gun for gun. This proposal I hope will be the more acceptable to him as it may be a pre- lude to future amity between the United States and his Court. — I shall be happy to see you here as soon as possible after you have the Admiral's answer — meantime pray excuse this trouble. — I am my dear sir with sentiments of esteem and respect Your very obliged very obedient most humble servant Jno. p. Jones. On the same day the French Ad- miral wrote to Captain Jones that if the Ranger and Independence salute ** The flag of the King'' with thir- teen guns, the salute will be returned with nine. On February 14 Carmi- chael wrote Jones that he is convinced that further application for salute of gun for gun will be fruitless ; com- mon salute is three guns for twenty- one; to show respect for ** the flag of Congress** the Admiral will return nine guns; desires this to be ac- cepted.] After leaving France the Ranger cruised in the Irish channel, tak- ing several unimportant prizes. She then entered Whitehaven where they seized the forts, spiked the cannon, and set fire to a ship in the midst of a hundred other vessels. This ex- ploit of Jones spread terror on the coast and was no doubt the cause of associating his name, with the idea of piracy. When my grandfather was asked if he supposed he was fighting with a halter about his neck he answered that he thought if Jones or any of his men had been captured their lives would no doubt have been in great A SKETCH OF GEORGE ROBERTS. jeopardy, possibly nothing would have saved them, but the fear of re- taliation. That the British govern- ment held them to be outlaws is shown by the following official com- munication : Sir Joseph Yorke, the British ambassador to France, addressed the following letter to the French govern- ment: Hague, Oct. 13, 1779. High and Mighty Lords : The undersigned Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the King of Great Britain, has the honor to communicate to your High Mightinesses, that two of His Majesty's ships the Serapis and the Countess 0/ Scarborough arrived some dajrs ago in the Texel, having been attacked and taken by force .by a certain Paul Jones, a subject of the king, who, according to treaties and the laws of war, can only be considered as a rebel and pirate. Again he writes : I cannot but comply with the strict orders of His Majesty by renewing in the strong- est and most pressing manner his request that these ships and their crews may be stopped and delivered up, which the pirate Paul Jones of Scotland, who is a rebel subject and a criminal to the state has taken. . . . My grandfather's account of the landing in Scotland, and taking away the plate of the Karl of Selkirk, was as follows : That the people at the castle at first thought them to be a British press gang, and when they i[ found they were Paul Jones's men they were greatly alarmed, but the Ameri- can ofl&cers very soon quieted their fears; both ofl&cers and men were served with plenty of food and drink ; that there was very little looting aside from the plate ; that among other tri- fles, an old sailor whose life had been spent on the ocean, accumulated a pair of gilt spurs, his attempt to util- ize them being extremely ludicrous ; he tried them on his nose, hands and feet, and finally threw them away with great disgust saying, * ' I do n't see any use to which the blanked things can be put." Shortly after the Whitehaven ex* ploit, occurred the engagement with and capture' of the British ship* Drake. My grandfather said that he went on board the Drake after her capture and saw there the dead body of an English officer in the uniform of the land service, and that an English sailor afterwards told him thiTt this officer came on board to see them whip the Yankees, and that a hogshead of rum which had been sent on board to drink to their vic- tory had been demolished by a can- non ball. The Ranger took her prize to France where Captain Jones left the ship. She subsequently sailed for Portsmouth, under command of Capt. Thomas Simpson, where the crew was discharged. Late in the month of June, 1779, he sailed from Portsmouth, for Prance, joining the Bon Homme Ridutrd a few days before the de- parture of Jones's little squadron, which sailed on August 14. The battle with the Serapis was fought on September 23, 1779. It is a matter of unwritten history in our family that when he left Ports- mouth he was accompanied by four- teen others, several of whom had served on the Ranger, and that among the number were Joseph Rob- erts and Isaac Hanson, who after- wards lived in Farmington, and died there, Timothy Roberts of Milton, who lived and died in that town, and Caleb Roberts of Rochester. On A SKETCH OF GEORGE ROBERTS. ^hich vessel of the squadron they served I have no positive informa- tion. Mr. Oliver A. Roberts of Melrose, Mass., who has in preparation a gen- ealogy of the Roberts family, states that the five named above served on the Ranger^ and some, if not all of them, on the Bon Homme Richard. After his final discharge from the rservice he made his home for several years at Dover, but followed the sea as an occupation. The parish rec- ords show that he was married to Elizabeth Horn, January 17, 1782, by Rev. Jeremy Belknap. In 1796 he moved to Middleton, where he built his cabin near Moose Mountain and cleared the virgin forest from some twenty acres. Subsequently he moved to a small farm on the stage road leading from Dover to Wolfe- borough, where he continued to live and till the soil of that quiet town. The old men of the town said of him that he was a good neighbor, but not a very good farmer; not given to boasting of his achieve- ments, very rarely talking of them unless urged to do so. That the l)ears and wildcats had no terrors for him, and the only living thing he feared was a snake, and to the most harmless of these reptiles he gave a wide berth. Being rallied at one time by his companions regarding the taking of the plate of the Earl of Selkirk, he answered, ** After taking away what we did, we left the earl more plate than all of you have, or ever will have.'* One of his nearest neighbors, a man by the name of Hinah, was one of the 22,000 sold by the notorious Frederick II of Hesse to George III to fight his battles in America;* he was captured at Trenton, but after the war made his way to the wilds of New Hampshire, settling in Middle- ton. He became a good citizen and an officer of the militia. His broken English was a source of much amuse- ment to his men, and when going on parade he gave the order **Moosuc to der froont,'* the smiles were audi- ble. Between my grandfather and this old Teuton a warm friendship existed, and they spent much time in the company of each other, cheering themselves with their pipes, and an occasional sip of the wine of New England. In religious belief his family were followers of Penn. In his youth he affiliated with that sect, but in later life he neither wore the Quaker garb nor attended the meeting, but con- tinued on cordial terms with his rela- tives and others of that faith. My grandmother was a member of the Baptist Church, but I well remember that her home, and my father's as well, was the stopping place for Friends on their way to the yearly meeting at Sandwich, and when these visits occurred our family observed the Quaker grace at mealtime. My grandmother related that during her husband's last illness and shortly be- fore his death, his brother David, a strict Friend, visited him, and, when about to take his departure, went to the bedside of his sick brother and said': ** Peace be with thee, George.'* ** Peace be with thee, David," was the answer; and thus the brothers parted, to meet no more on earth. The story of how the Roberts fam- ily were converted to the faith of the Society of Friends is interesting. The emigrant, Thomas Roberts, A SKETCH 0F> GEORGE ROBERTS, was chosen president of the court (council). His son John was ap- pointed marshal, and his son Thomas was a constable of Dover. During their term of office the Quaker perse- cutions in Dover occurred. Several women of that faith had been arrested, and the court adjudged them guilty and ordered them to be whipped at the cart's tail through nine towns. The duty of the infliction of this penalty in Dover fell to John and Thomas Roberts. While the order of the court was being carried out in a very cruel manner, their father, Thomas Roberts, followed after, la- menting and crying, **Wo! that I am the father of such wicked chil- dren/' The patience and humility with which these poor women bore their wrongs so impressed him that he investigated their belief, the re- sult being that he and his family became* members of the Society of Friends with which their descendants were also identified for several gen- erations. In the military history of George Roberts, on file at the pension office in Washington, I found the follow- ing: In his declaration for pension he makes no allusion to anv service other than that on the Ranger^ owing, no doubt, to the fact that the law under which he applied. Act of March i8, 1818, required but nine months' service in the Continental establishment. His widow, who applied for and was granted a pension after his death, stated that he also served on the Boji Jlojume Richard under Capt. John Paul Jones in the celebrated conflict with the British ship Serapis. He filed with the pension office an inventory of his property, which was as follows : Three swine, $7.00 Old homestead furniture,. 5.00 Land, 25 acres, 125.00 $190.00 Debts owed. $40.00 Two oxen (small), One cow, Mooo 13.00 I also found, in connection with his application for pension a certifi- cate as to his service from Ezra Green of Dover, surgeon of the Ran- ger^ and from John Ricker, seaman, there being no official roll in exist- ence of the men who served on that ship. The sum granted him was S8 per month; his widow received $63.44 per annum. My grandfather died on the 12th of May, 1829, leaving one son, my father. My grandmother survived him some thirty years, and from her I obtained much of the material for this sketch. A marble headstone marks the place where his ashes rest, in the family burial lot on the old homestead. The inscription on the stone is as follows : George Roberts died May 12, 1829, A. E. 73 y'rs, 8 mo. & 21 d'ys : A soldier of the Revolution. The sea chest, brought home by him after his discharge from the 7?^?/- gcr^ is in possession of my nephew, Natt F. Roberts of Farmington. [Not long after his death a com- munication from an old sailor, who had served with him, appeared in a Natchez, Miss., paper, the same be- ing reproduced in my sketch of the life of George Roberts, printed in The Granite Mojithly for August, 1902, as I then supposed in full. At A SKETCH OF GEORGE ROBERTS, that time I did not feel quite sure that it was first published in the Natchez paper ; as the name of Com- modore Dale was mentioned I thought it might have been first printed in Philadelphia ; later on I searched the newspaper files at the library of Con- gress and found in Paulson's Ameri- x:a7i Daily Advertiser of Philadelphia of June 3, 1829, the following obit- uarj^ notice : Died in Middleton, N. H., May 12, 1829 ■George Roberts, aged 74 years, a Revolutionary soldier. He was an able seaman, and served under the renowned John Paul Jones on board the Ranger^ was at the taking of the Drake^ a very superior ship after a severe action of one hour and forty-five minutes, and had charge of two guns in that quarter of the ship called by the seamen the " slaughter house/* He was a -favorite of his captain and first of his boat's -crew. In the same paper in the issue of November 14, 1829, the following appeared : REMINISCENCE OF PAUL JONES. [From the Natchez (Miss.) Ariel.] Mr. Editor: — I observed in a late number of your paper a notice of the death of George Roberts of Middleton, N. H., at the age of 74 years. The notice of his death was crowded into that column of your paper usually allotted to the recording of such events, and among no- tices of the decease of several other Revolution- ary soldiers, it stated his numerous services ; that he had served under Paul Jones on various occasions, and that he was an able seaman.] Sir: — I knew George Roberts well. I served with him under our noble commander, in the same ship, and on the same perilous cruises, and fought side by side in the same engagements, and that he was an able seaman, an honest man, and a brave man, is true, and it is the desire of an old man to offer a tribute to the memory of an old fellow-sailor. We were sailors under Paul Jones, in his ex- pedition against the British in 1778, when he terrified the commerce of that country by con- stantly hovering about the coast of Scotland and Ireland, though having only a ship of eighteen guns. When Jones landed on the coast of Scot- land, and took away all the family plate of the Earl of Selkirk, Roberts was one of the sailors who marched into the castle while that strange deed was done. I remained on board the ship. The plate was all brought on board and safely disposed of; though as it turned out, much to the commodore's loss, as he afterwards bought it up in Paris and returned it to the owner. He intended to capture the earl and detain him as a hostage, but being absent from home at the time we landed it was prevented. In 1779, Roberts and I sailed again under our noble commander from Brest in France, in the Good Aftrn Richard^ carrying 40 guns and 420 men. She was an old ship, and not fit for the hard service we put her to, as it afterwards came out. On the 22d of September, off Flambor- ough Head, we fell in with the Baltic fleet, un- der the convoy of the frigate Serapis^ of 56 guns, and of the sloop Countess of Scarborough, a very heavy ship, but I do not recollect hearing how many guns she carried. Just as the moon rose, at eight in the evening, the enemy fired his first broadside, when within pistol shot of us. And now a most murderous scene began. The action raged with horrid violence, and the blood ran ankle deep out of the ship's scup- pers. Our rigging was cut to atoms, and finally both .ships took fire, so that both friend and foe were obliged to rest from fighting that they might extinguish the flames. The Richard be- ing old, was soon shot through and through and began to sink. In this awful condition, Jones's voice was heard above the din of the battle, ordering to grapple with the enemy. We ac- cordingly made our ship fast to the Scrapis, and it was easily done, as the two ships were so near each other that when I drew out the ram- mer to the gun I belonged to, the end of it touched the side of the Serapis. Thus fastened together, we fought without resting, until nearly all our guns were burst or dismantled — the ship nearly full of water — and Lieutenant Grubb shot dead by Jones's own pistol, for hauling down the colors without orders, and which happened at my elbow, our decks covered with dead and dying, and our ship cut up into splinters. While in this awful and desperate situation, my friend Roberts, seeing how near spent we were, jumped on to the main yard of our vessel, which projected directly over the decks of the Serapis, with a bundle of hand grenades. These he contrived to throw down upon the Serapis's deck, and succeeded in blowing up two or three of their powder chests, the explosion of which killed and wounded a great many men. The 8 A SKETCH OF GEORGE ROBERTS, captain of the Serapit perceiving his activity, ordered some shots fired at Roberts. One of them struck the rope by which h^ supported himself, and caused him to fall on the gunwale of the enemy's ship, which observing, I caught hold of him and pulled him aboard. He imme- diately got on the same yard-arm again, with a fresh supply of hand grenades, and made such dreadful havoc on the enemy's deck that in a few minutes they surrendered. For this great bravery Paul Jones publicly thanked him on the quarter-deck of the SerapU the next afternoon, giving him double allowance of grog for the week afterwards. It was near midnight when the action termin- ated. The top of Flamborough Head, which is a high rock that overlooks the sea, was covered with people watching the engagement, and dread- ful the sight must have been. The next day, our ship sunk, being fairly battered to pieces by the enemy's shot, as they poured a murderous fire into us all the while. Commodore Dale, who died in Philadelphia about two years ago, was Jones's second lieutenant, and Was badly wounded about the middle of the action.^ He was ordered to go below though he still wished to fight on deck. After he went down he was very useful in taking care of a large number Of English prisoners we had on board. We had 135 men killed, and nearly as many wounded and missing. The Serapis had about the same number killed as we had, and had 80 wounded. Captain Pearson, the English commander, fought nobly, and defended his ship to the last. He had nailed his flag to the mast, and was afraid to haul it down when he surrendered, as none of his men would go up to tear it away, because they dreaded our sharpshooter in our round tops. So. when he concluded to give up, he mounted the gunwale just where I was stand- ing, and called out in a loud voice, ** We sur- render, we surrender." Captain Jones not hear-, ing this, I left my gun and ran and told him of it. He instantly ordered the firing to cease and the flag hauled down, but no Englishman would do it, as musket shots were still exchanged be- tween the two vessels. On hearing this George Roberts jumped aboard the enemy's ship, mounted the tattered shrouds, and hacked down the British ensign from its proud height. As it fell, what I consider as very remarkable, a cap full of wind took it and laid it directly at Jones's feet, at the same time spreading it nearly all over the dead body of Lieutenant Grubb, who in the heat of the fight was lying dead upon the deck. When the crew of the Richard saw the flag fall, they gave thirteen tremendous cheers, at which Captain Pearson shrunk back from his high stand into the shadow of his mizzen mast. When we returned from this cruise, being; affected in my hearing by a splinter, which struck me under the ear, I left the service, and heard no more of my friend Roberts, from that time until I saw his death inserted in your pa- per. He was a true-hearted and honest man,, and bold to a degree not to be daunted. He was younger than me, and yet he has closed his^ eyes in that sleep to which all of us, soldiers or not, must one day give up. J. h. A copy of a paper containing the above communication was in posses- sion of my grandmother. A few years after the death of her husband, she made application for a pension through Hon. Nehemiah Eastman, lawyer, of Farmington, and gave him. the paper. In 1855 it was found in Mr. Eastman's scrap book by Asa- McParland of Concord, editor of the New Hampshire Statesman^ who made it the basis for a letter to his paper, which appeared in the issue of Au- gust II, of that year. The scrap book is now in the libra- ry of Mr. Fred R. Oilman of I^aconia, a relative of the Eastman family. [In acknowledgment of receipt of magazines and copy of sketch, I re- ceived the following : Schenectady, N. Y., Aug. 27, 1902. Mr, Charles H, Roberts, My Dkar Sir: Your magazines and pam- phlets were duly received for which please accept my thaAks. I was much interested in reading the article on your grandfather. There has always been some controversy among writers on John Paul Jones's life, as to whether Pear- son had actually nailed his flag to the masi or whether it was merely a figure of speech. The article of the " Old Sailor, which ^ou publish, seems to me to dispose of this question, for your grandfather had to climb the mast in order to cut down the flag. The article is no doubt cor- rect in all its detail, as it was written at a time and by a man removed from all motive of em- bellishment and before any of these nice points had arisen among historians and critics. I have cut down one of your pamphlets and bound it in the back of my favorite history of the Life of John Paul Jones, that it may throw a new light on an old subject for those who may come after me. Very sincerely yours, Geo. W. Featherstonhaugh. ^In the bioKraphical notice of Oommodore Dale in Appleton^a Encyclopedia, he is credited with the rank ot first lieutenant at the time of the battle.