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A New Classical Dictionary of Mythology, Biography, 

and Oeogrqtfaj, for the Hi^er Forms in ScbooU. One Volome. 8vo. 16/. 

A Smaller Classical Dictionary, for Junior Classes. 

WoodcaU. Crown 8vo. 7/0. 

A Smaller Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, 

for Junior Classes. Woodcuts. Crown 8vo. t/6. 

Dr. Wm. Smith's School History of Greece. Woodcuts, 

Crown 8vo. t/«. 

Rev. H. G. Liddell's School History of Rome. Wood- 
cuts. Crown 8T0. (JVearl^ Ready.) 







'N / j4 ', ' ■ 



.3^i- ^^ '<^, 


One of the principal difficulties experienced by school-boys in using a 
Dictionary is the selection of the particular signification required in each 
passage, from the frequently numerous meanings assigned to a word. This 
difficulty to some extent, no doubt, arises from the very nature of the case, 
and is so far unavoidable ; but it iis greatly increased by the utter want of 
arrangement observable in most School Dictionaries, in which all the 
significations of a word are usually printed together, undistinguished in 
any way from one another, and placed without regard to any principle 
either etymological or logical, while nothing, or next to nothing, in. the 
shape of illustrative quotations, is inserted. The pupil naturally therefore 
assumes that it is a matter of indlfierence which signification he chooses 
from the mass so presented to him; and hence, as involving the least 
trouble, the first is the one usually taken, whether it be right or wrong. 
Whatever can be done in a Dictionary to counteract this evil has, it will be 
seen, been attempted in this Work ; the various meamngs, uses, and con<» 
structions of words being carefully and clearly separated, so as to be 
evident at a mere glance ; and thus even the most thoughtless will be 
prevented from assuming that any meaning may be taken indifierently. It 
is undeniable, however, that the proper use of a Dictionary is by no 
means an easy thing; and it is to be regretted that teachers generally 
take little or no pidns to assist their pupils in this respect : a few hours 
devoted to the explanation and illustration of the proper method of using 
a Dictionary would be of the greatest possible service to boys, and at the 
same time yield an abundant reward to the teacher. 

With respect to typographical accuracy, it may be stated that the 
Abridgment was made from the corrected pages of the larger work, on the 
revision of which unusual pains were bestowed, and it has itself been very 
carefully read while going through the press ; so that it is anticipated 
that very few typographical errors will be discovered. Great care has 
also been taken in reference to the quantities, which are accurately marked 

The completeness of this Dictionary consists in its containing aU the 


words found in the writings of the authors whom it professes to explain. 
Id ordinary School Dictionaries no principle appears to haye been followed 
as to the class of words which are admitted or rejected ; and thus it fre- 
quently happens, eyen in the best modem works .of this kind, as for 
ijffitance in that of Ingerslev,* that words used by such authors as Gellius 
and Seneca are inserted, while others employed by Cicero and Virgil are 
omitted. It is confidently believed that this Dictionary contains every word 
which a young scholar is likely to meet with in the course of his reading ; 
but it seemed worse than useless to encumber the Work with words, an 
explanation of which will never be wanted by the persons for whom the 
book is designed. By omitting such words, not only is the mechanical use 
of the Work (an important point in a Dictionary) greatly facilitated, but 
Sface has been gained for a full explanation of the words inserted, and 
for the illustration of their meanings and constructions by quotations 
from the ancient writera But while this Dictionary is mainly intended to 
explain the writings of the authors comprised in tiiejirst list only, yet it 
contains many words and meanings of words which do not occur in such 
authors, but a knowledge of which is necessary for the full understanding 
of otiier words and meanings of words which are met with in their works. 
Hence the names of many authors never read by young students will be 
found in this book ; these are collected in the second list of proper names 
appended to this Preface. 

In preparing this Work, it has constantly been borne in mind that it is 
intended principally for the use of young scholars; and hence great 
attention has been paid to the intelligibility and simplicity of all the 
definitions and explanations. The grammatical portion is taken entire 
from the larger Dictionary, and the nomenclature adopted throughout is 
that which is most in accordance with modem philology, and which is both 
more philosophical and more intelligible than that which still keeps its 
place in many Grammara 

* The LAiin-German School Dictionary Qermany ; and every thing of real value 

of Dr. IngerileT, which was published at which it contains wiU be found incorporated 

Brunswick in 1853, is perhaps the best in the present Work, 
wcnk of the land that has yet appeared in 

vifi PREFACE. 

The Appendix of Proper Names has been added rather in compliance 
with custom than because it was considered of much real utility ; since the 
necessary brevity of the notices it contidns quite precludes the giving of 
anything like full or satisfactory information; and in many cases these 
incomplete statements are liable to suggest erroneous inferences. Still 
great pains have been taken to state nothing positively incorrect; but the 
Classical Dictionaries must be consulted by those who require more 
detailed informatioa It may be stated that the references in the body of 
the Work to *' Smith's Antiquities' are to the second edition of the Smaller 
Dictionary of Antiquities. 

In conclusion, the attention of teachers is directed to the facilities 
which 'this Dictionary affords for that method of studying the Latin 
language, which is at once the most philosophical, most interesting, and 
most expeditious, namely, the etymolo^cal or analytical. By placing 
hyphens between the prefixes and the roots, and by giving the roots 
separately whenever the process of combination has given rise to any 
euphonic change, the pupil is here furnished with means which will enable 
him, if properly assisted, to trace without difficulty the connection of com- 
pound and derived words with their roots : he will thus obtain an insight 
into the constructive principles of the language, the comprehension of 
which will not only incalculably diminish the labour and lighten the 
drudgery of mastering its vocabulary, but will also lay the foundation of a 
knowledge of comparative philology, and, through it, of other branches of 
science of the highest valua 

Zondon, May 23, 1855. 

( « ) 


( I- ) 




Gaius Jnllni Caesar, kist, 

C. Valerias Catallns, poet, 

M. TnlUus Cicero, orator and 

Q. Cnrtina Rnftis. JUH. prob. 
iBt cent A J). ; aoc. to Butt- 


FUtTios EnUopias, kiit. 

L. Aonaeus Floms, AiiC 

(^ Homtias Flaocas, jjoef, 

Ja8iinaa.U><. (date unknown). 

D. Junius JnTenalis, poet, 

Titos LlTios FataTinns, Mitt. 

T. Lacretins Gams, j»el and 
pkOooopker, aboot 

Gomelins Nepos, biographer, 

P. Orldiua Naso, jmC, 


B.C. 44 



.. 55 

Plant or K 


.. 41 



A.D. 69 



. 360 



m "5 



B.C. 8 



A.D. 82 


H I 



B.C. 50 



- 44 



AJ). 18 


.* 41 
.. 34 

A. Persia! Flaccns, fla<<rM, ob. A.D. 61 

Thaedna, fabulist, fl. „ 15 

T. Macdos Plantua, unriter nf 

comedy, ob. B.C. ia4 

Sex. AorelinsPropertiaa, poet, fl. « jo 

Qointos Ctoero, brother of Tul- 

lins, ob. 

a SallastiuB Crispns, KUt. „ 

C. Suettnios TFanqoillns, Mo- 

grapher, fl. A.D. 116 

a Cornelias Tadtas, "hist. 

peril, ob. „ 118 
P. Terentins Afer, %crUer ^ 

oeMRcdy, ,, B.C. 159 

AlblniTiballa8,iM)el, „ „ 18 

C. Velleias Patercolos, JUrt. fl. AJ>. jo 

P. Virgllias Maro, poet, ob. B.C. 19 

• The dAtes in this list and the following are derived, in most cases, from Smith's Biographical Dictionary ; bat they 
in many biataocas, be regarded as, at best, only an approximation to the tioe era of the writer. 


( n. ) 


Ammlanut Maroellinna* \UL 


A.D. 180 



LuciuB Appuleios, jAilofopAer, 


H 150 



Arnobioa Afer, CKt. wriUr^ 


m »91 



C. Aaiuios PoUio, oroUxr and 



• 4 


Att. or Ace 

L. Attios or Acttoa, writer qf 



B.C. ijo 


Auct B. Afr. 

Auctor Belli AfHcanl. 


Auct. B. Alex 

. Auctor Belli AlexandrinL 


Auct. a Hisp. Auctor BelU HispMiieosls. 

Modest«p.AiictoT de Haraspicom re- 


aponals (a speech oso. 


attributed to Cicero). 


Auctor ad Herennium, rhet. 



Aurelius Augustinus, Chrii' 



A.D. 4)0 

Aar. Vkt 

Sextns Aurelius VicUnr. KiiL 


»> J58 



D. Magnus Ausooius, poett 


,. no 



R. Featus Avienus, poet. 


*> J70 



Caecilius Statius, writer if 







M. Pordus Gaio, orator and \i*t. 


.. M9 


A. Cornelius Celsns, pkygician. 

Plin. Val. 



A.D. 10 


Claudius Claudianus, jiod, 


M 195 

Coel. Aurel. 

Coelius AureUanns, jjAysician 
(date uncertain, but not 
later than |rd cent. A J>.) 



I* Jul. Moderatus ColumeUa. 


vmriter on hu^>andry. 


.. 20 


Diomedes, jrrammarian, prob. 
5th cent. A.D. 


DoDat w IXm. Aelios Donatas. urommnKHaMK 


and commentator. 


M J 50 


Q. £onius,jMet, 


B.C. 169 



Sext. Pompeius Festus. gram- 
marian, 4th cent A.D. 


Julius Flirnicus Matemos, 




A.D. J40 

Frontln. or Fnmt. 8. Julius FronUnus, writer 


De Aquaeductibui, etc 


„ 106 


Gal. or CaL 

Qaius or Caius, lawyer. 


M 160 


Aulus QeUius» gram, etc 


.' 150 





Orat. Faliiic 

QraUus Faliscus, poet. 


RC. 6 



Hieronymus, Chr. writer. 


A.D. 420 


Aulus Hirtlus, kitt. 


B.a 4i 




Val. Fl. 


Isidorus Hiq>alensla, gram. 


A.D. 6j6 

Val. Max. 


Antistlus Labeo» lawyer. 


B.C. 18 



C. Dedus I^berius, rntmo* 



M 4i 



nus, Chr. writer. 


A.D. joi 



Aelius Lampridlusy hitt. about 

M 291 

M. Annaeus Locanua, poet, 
C. Eimius Lucillus, eoHrist, 
a LIdirftts Macer, a n ma litt 

and orator, 
Aur. Tbeodoaius Maaoblua, 

M. Manilius, po^, 
M. Valerius Martlalis, jx)e(, 
Pomponius Mela, geographer, 
Herennius Modestinua» lawyer 
C Naevius, poet. 
Nonius Marcellns. gram, be- 
tween 2nd and 5th cent A.D. 
Palladius RutiUus Taurus, 
writer on huriiandry, peril. 

Aemilius Papiniua» lawyer, 
Julius PauUus, lawyer, 
T. PetroniuB Arbiter, eatiriit, 
C Plinlus Secundus (miOor). 
C. PUiilus CaecUius Secuadus 

ninius Valerianus, jolkyticidfi. 
jrd century; or, ace. to 
Sextus Pomponius, lawyer, 
AureL Prudentlus Clemens, 

Chr. poet, 
M. T. Quintllianut, rheto- 
M. Annaeus Seneca, rhetori- 
Ik Annaeus Seneca, phUoeo- 

L. Annaeus Seneca, writer of 
tragedy (aoc. to some, iden- 
tical with the philosopher). 
Servius Manrus Houoratus, 

C. Stilus ItaUcus, poet, 
L. Cornelius Sisenna, MU, and 

C. Julius SoUnus, gram, 
P. Papinius Statins, poet, 
Q. Septimius«Florens Tertol- 

lianus, Chr. writer, 
Domitins ITlirfaiius, lawyer, 
C. Valerius Flaocus, poet, 
Valerius Maxlrous, hiH. 
M. Terentius Varro,«cr«(eron 

hutbandry, etc. 
F. Renatos Vegelius, writer 

VitruTius PoUio, writer on 


A.D. 6$ 


B.G. xoi 




AJ). 195 


to 16 


»• 104 


- 45 


»• 2?o 


B.C. 2oa 

A.D. J50 


n 200 


„ 210 


. 66 


•• 79 














„ 100 

B.C. 78 

AJ). 2j8 

M 82 

.. 195 

„ 228 


.. 26 

B.C. 28 

A J). 186 

B.C. 20 

( xi ) 


a. or act, acttre, -ly. 

abbrer^ abbrevUted, -atlon. 


ateoL «r aba^ abaolnte, -ly , i e. 

vitbont caae or mijifmct. 
•batr, abatHKL 
•BIX. aocnaattve or aooordiog. 
t^ aiUectfTe, -ly. 
«d% adverb, -lal, -iaUy* or ad- 

«L. alU «r alia, ottken or other. 


aalog, analogona, -ly. 

asL, antlqidtlM. 

a^, apod (in). 

appeL. appellative. 

aidt, aichak. 

aitUt. aitbitectore, -tnraL 


•Aug, Angnatan. 

botoL, botanical. 

cant, canttnal. 

ct. oonio' (compare). 

ooL« oolnmii. 

wUect, collective, -ly. 
^xnm. or c, commoD gender. 
<!aBpL, oomparaiive, oompoond. 
onnpd, oompoand. 
coQjn OQ^Jimctkm, or coqjiisa- 

<>CKiatr^ oooatmed, -ctioQ. 
cQBtr^ contracted or boatnry, 
<w«l.oarrelattve, -Ively. 
^oneni., oorreaponding. 
«iefect, defective. 
<lA)a«tr^ demooatimtive. 
<^-. depoKL, dependent. 
<*ep^ deponent. 

<fcriv., derived, -ative, -Atioo. 
^ttff^ different 
41«tr^ dinribative. 

ed., editio. 

e. g.. exempli gratiA (for in- 

elUpt, elUptical, -ly. 

Eng., English. 

=, equivalent to, or Identical 

eqoiv., equivalent 
eap^ eqwdaUy. 
etc et cetera, 
etym., e^mology, -ical. 
enphon., euphonic, -ny 
ex, ex8., example, examples, 
expl, explanation. 

f. or fern., feminine. 

fig., figure, -otive, •aUvely. 

fin. or ad fin, at the end. 

fiuit, finite (opp. to infinitive). 

folL, followed. 

foUg., following. 

fr, fh>ra. 

Fr, French. 

freq., ftequentative, fluent 

Alt, future. 

gen., genitive.— in gen., in a 
general sense. 

geog.. geography, -leal. 


gr. or gram, grammar, -ian, 

Gr, Greek. 

hibr., hybrid. 

hist, history, -ian. 

L e, id est 

{. q, idem qood. 

td., idem. 

imperat, imperative. 

imperf, imperfect 

impers, impersonal, -ly. 

inanim, inanimate. 

Inoep., inceptive. 

indecL, indeclinable. 

indef, indefinite. 

Indic, indicative. 

inf, infinitive. 

Init, in., or ad inlt, at the be- 

inscrr., inscriptions. 

inteij.. inteijection. 

interrog., interrogative^ -Uon. 

intrans, intransitive. 

irreg, irregular. 

It, Italian. 

Jnrid, Juridical. 

lang., language. 

Lat, Latin. 

leg., legit legunt 

lit, literal, in a literal sense. 

1. c. or loc dt, looo citato. 

m. or masc, masculine. 

math., mathematica, -icaL 

med., medio (in the middle). 

medic, medicaL 

met or meti^>h, metaphorical, 


meton., by metonymy, 
milit. military, in military 

M.S., manuscript 
n. or neut, neuter, 
naut, nautical, 
neg., negative, -ly. 
no, numero. 
nom, mxninative. 
num. or numer., numeral, 
olj. or ol^ject, ot^ective, -ly. 
onomat, onomatopee. 
opp., q>posed to, opposite, -tioo. 
ord., ordinal. 
orig.,origin, original,originaIly. 
part, participle, 
partit. partitive, 
pass, pasatve, -ly or passim, 
per, period, 
perf., perfect 
perh, perti^M. 
pers., personal, -ly. 
philoe, philosophy, -leal, -ically. 
pleon., pleonastically. 
pi., plu. or plur, plural, 
poet, poeta. poetical, -ly. 
poUt, poUticaU -ly. 
Port, Portuguese, 
pos., positive. 

praef., prae£atio. 

prep., preposiUou. 

prob., probably. 

pro!., prologus. 

pron.. pronoun. 

pron<xn, pronominal. 

prop, proper, -ly, in a proper 

Prov. or Pr, Provencal. 

proverb., proverbial, ^ly. 

qs., quasi. 

q. v., quod videas. 

rad, radical or root 

rar, rare, -ly. 

reflect, reflective, -tively. 

ret, relative. 

rhet, rhetor, rhetoric, ^al ; in 

Rtnn., Roman. 

rt. root 

saep, saepe. 

Sazu., Sanscrit 

8c, scilicet 

Sp, Spanish. 

sq, seqnens (and the follow- 

s. v., sub voce. 

sign, signif., signifies, •cation. 

sing., singular. 

subaud., subanditur. 

sul^ect or sul^, sul:tjective, ^ly. 

sul^.. sul^nnotive. 

subst. substantive, -ly. 


sup, superlative or supine. 

syl, syllable. 

syn.. 4yn<mym, -ymous. 

^ynoop., sync, sjmoopated. 

1 1, tecimical term. 

term., termination. 

transf, transferred. 

trans., translated, -tion. 

trisyl.. trisyllable, -able. 

nnfreq., unfrequently. 

usu.. usual, -ly. 

v., verb, vide, or vox. 

voc, vocative. 

WalL WaUachiau. 




A a, indeef. /. (ic UteraX oftener 
iVl*. tlM fint letter of tbe Latin 
iPuibet. At tbe end of irordB It la 
UBiiaOy abort, except In tbe numerala, 
ti^inti to Dooaginti, and in AbL of 
noona and Imper. of verba. In compda. 
a kiDg Iqr nature generally remaina 
nnrhaityid : libor» dtidbar; a abort 
in roota la dianged into i, and tbat 
even wbere in aecondarj forma it be- 
oomea Inog bj poaitioa: fido^ efido; 
tnbp> (from Crftg). peifringo; a in 
roots long bj poaitlon ia duuiged into 
«: acando, deaonulo. Sometimea it re- 
maina oncbanged: pfttlena, impiUiens. 
A» an abbrenatlon Asuiultu, wbile 
^Fpitu la written App. On tbe voting 
taUeta in tbe OomiUa, A. (i. e. iHOtguo) 
dowted tbe rejection of tbe propoaed 
lav; batinJiM»claltrlaUA.sJ(Mol«o; 
vbence A ia called liUra ioliUarit, 
In datea A. D.^amte diem (v. ante). 
A U. C. as aimo ob tirbe oofUMo. 

tht i> or aba, 9rg». witb abL A ia 
ued inMead of w before manj of tbe 
tuona beginning witb oooaonanta ; but 
b^ore h aa well aa before vowela ab ia 
alwaja oaed. Abt oocura cbieflj in 
oanpda.; but in old wiitera abi le, ate 
9*0 are met witb. In compoaition^ re- 
mains uncbanged before vowela. Before 
nand v, it beoomea i, CMnoteo, a-tcrto. 
In tiM perfect tenaea of ivm. botb ab 
•od o are found ; at>/mU^ a-fuU, Be- 
hove /«ro and f^HP*>* <*^ beoomea ou, 
^'''rftTo^ avr/Mffio. Before p, e; 9, I, 
ob** or tbe aborteoed fonn a«, ia used, 
M ata-oomlo, ote-^uMO, a«-jwr<o. 

Ab denotes, L Tbe point qf de- 
ptorturey the tomrot and origin : 2. 
SepanUiom or ditta mn : Z,Pf*»»- 

^A. Spacs. L Implying motion 
irnn a place or pomt witbont reference 
to tbe ipaoe trmvened: me a portn 
pnemiiit, he tent me on before from 
tMe harbour. Plant. Hence witb verba 
of s^Nuation or removal, aa abdooere, 
11*^1%, diaoedere,«te. Panlnlnm a aole, 
^^ out <tf the mn^Cic |L Witb 
''"B'VQoe to the apaoe paaaed over: 
"^wigtbenad witb uaqne (even to, aU 
^ way through^ r. naque) : ab imia 
ygoibm uqoe «d vertkem arnnmnm, 
J^^Ui toe naiUeten to hiMverjf crown, 
<^ M. Witbont tbe idea of motion, 
*■> detignate (Uatanoe, or leparation, 
]J[K^ the verba diatare, abease, and witb 
"* pwticiea pixxnl, Icnge, etc : non 


ami^fai pedum millibua dnoboa ab caa- 
tris, Gaea. Alao to denote the meature 
of tbe distance: a miUibus paaauum 
cmindectm. at a dittanoe qf ij mOet, 
Cau. IV. Implying {Hvximity : ex- 
preaaed by ai, on, in, etc, ab decumana 
porta, ai the main entrance. Caea. 60, 
a tergo, a latere, a fronte, ab occaau, ab 
oriente ; cap. in geog. deacrlptiona : 
Gallia ab Sequania et Helvetiia adtin- 
^t Rbennm, al the parts occupied by, 

B. TuiB, analonms to tbe relatlona 
of ipaoe, I. Without reference to tbe 
period anbeequently elapeed ; ^fter : 
ab re divina, after Me taer^oe, PI. 

|L Witb reference to a subeequent 
period : From . . .to: a mane ad noctem 
U8que,/roM morning to niffiU, PL : ab 
sole orto in multum diei, from sun^riK 
tiU late in the day, Liv. |||. To 
dealgnate tbe distance of one point of 
time ttota anotber : From, since, after: 
centesima lux. ab interitu Clodii, since 
the death cf Clodius, Cic. : ab urbe 
condit^ since the foundation qf Home. 

IV. Denoting proximity, ^ : ab 
initio, a primo, a prindpio, etc at the 
beginning, ai first. 

C. Iv OTHBs BBLAT10N8, ab denotea, 
aa in Space and Time (but figuratively), 
departure from, separation, or distance 
and proximity : |. Employed before 
words reiMreeenUng eitber tbe agenta, 
or tbe cauaea of effecta denotni by 
verba. From, by, by meems of; a patie 
laudari ; ab allquo diacere. oognoacere, 
oocidere, etc.: 2. With names of 
towns inatead of gentile ac^., to denote 
origin: a Cora atque PomeUa liberoa, 
Liv. 8. In etjinologlea : earn rem 
ilU putant a auum cuique tribuendo 
^jpellatam, ego a legendo, Cic 4. To 
denote tbe motive, Inatead of es, prop- 
ter, or tbe simple cM. causae : From, 
out qf : liuguam ab irrian exaerentem, 
out qf daision, Liv. 5. Dolere, 
laborare, valere ab, instead of tbe simple 
Abl. : doleo ab animo, doleo ab ocaiia, 
doleo ab aegritudlne, PI. 6. With 
verba of expecting, fearing, hoping, etc., 
ab^A parte : hence timere, metuere ab 
aliquo, doea not mean to fear any one, 
but, to fear something from him: metui 
a Ch£vdde, J feared some mischief from 
her, Ter. 7. Implying the separation 
of a part frcon the wbule, out of. for 
ex : scuto ab novisaimis uni mlUti de* 
tracto, O&ek 8. The origin, adver- 



blally, a Be s= ana aponte, ^ one's own 
accord, spontaneouUy, Cic ||. De 
noting departure from, or avoidance of. 
Hence, 1. wbere beginning and re- 
peating an implied : a summo bibere, 
to drink in suaxssion down the table : 
a Cauda de ovo exire, tail foremost, 
Plln.: a rolnumo ad maximum, from 
the smaUest to the greatest, PL 2. 
Witb verba of freeing from or protecting 
againat any thing : expiandum forum sf 
llTia acelerte veatigUs, Cic: hence, 
perhaps, ulcisd se ab aliquo, to take ven- 
geance on one, Plin. 8. With verba of 
deterring, intermitting, desisting, ceaa> 
ing; deterrere. intermittere, draistere, 
etc.: ab injuria deterrere, Cic |||. 
Denoting separation (witbont tbe idea 
of proceeding or departure), analogous 
(fg.) to A. IIL and B. ||L dlatance 
in order, rank, mind, or feeling ; with 
secundtia. tertina, etc. ; ^itb alter, idlus, 
allenua, oiversua. etc. : quartns ab Ar- 
cesila, the fourth from JrcesHas, Cic. : 
secundua a rege, next in rank to the 
king, B. Alex. Also in tbe phrase, non 
ab re, ac. alienum, not %eUhout profit 
or advantage i whidi, however, is not 
used by Cicero. |V. Denoting prox- 
imity : 1. Hence itoccura In phrases 
such aa, to stand by, be on the part of; 
Stare, facere, sentlre, esse ab allquo, to 
be on on€s side, to belong to his party: 
a nobis facere, in ow favour, Cic. : vir 
ab innooentia clemeutiasimua, on the 
side if innocence, id. Hence to distlu- 
gulsb philosophical sects: noatri iUi a 
PLatone et Anatotele, the adherents of 
the Plat, and Aristotd. philosophy, Cic. 
2. M> definea more exactly than the 
simple abL tbe respect In which any- 
thing ia to be understood, in relation 
to, on the part c^: orba ab optimatibus 
contio, Cic 8. With verba of fasten- 
ing and holding : frmiculua a pui^i re- 
li^Uua, id. 4. Subsequently to tbe 
Aug. age words dependent on ob were 
employed to denote o^ce and dign^ 
with or without aervua : amanu aervus, 
a secretary. Suet. 

D. In onnposition witb verba ab 
denotea removal, disappearance, ab- 
sence: aufero, carry a«ooy: abutor, 
use up: abamn, be absent. In oom- 
porition witb a4Jectivea ab denotea ab- 
sence, difference: aa amena, without 
mind, mad: abaontia, out qf tune or 
time: absimiUa, mtlike, trrq/ular. 
(Key, i ii04.) 




ibftetU, ^ mn, PaH, [abfgo] 
driven awajf, driven out from : abacu 
Muperies epulis, Hor. : ab«cU nnlU 
.Vflk oooadenUa, reMtnUned 6jf, id. 

ib&OlU, L (=«/J«^). m. a $quaft 
taUH, hence |. a anuUin{f4»ttrd. 
Vtn. II. any poMwy-teoni divided 
into iquartMt SaieL J||. a UMe or 
tideboard^ the top qf idver or marbUt 
amd eometimes with partUUmafor eupe^ 
va$e», etc^ Oc |V. a wooden tray 
for kneaainff douak, and other pwr- 
poMit Gato. V. In Archit.: L 
painted ponds /or the wM$ or eeiUna$ 
itf roowu, waineeotinff, Vltr. 8. the 
flatf tquare tUme on ike top qf a cth 
lumn^ id. VI. aptato. App. 

ibUIfinfttito. ttnl^ /. /ormal alien, 
aiion or tram^fer ofproperty^ Cie. 

&b-ilX6llOi *vC Atuin, I. «. a. (o 
alienate anything^ to convey the oion> 
(T»M/» to another: agroe «b«Uenare, 
etc. II* Hence, to remove, separate, 
alienate: « vlro Uli abalienuier, to be 
sqtarated from such a man, PL : ita 
nos abaUenATit, so entirely has he re- 
pudiated us, Ter. ||l< ^^8'* ^ alien' 
ate or estrange one : absoL or with ab 
aliatio: aUqaeininvldendoab^Cic.:alao 
with Ati. : abalienati Jure dvium. <ie- 
prived ojf the r^fht qf citizenship, Lir. 

ib-&V11ft i« M. great-grealifrand- 
father, called by Yli^il quartus pater. 

II. O e n . fortfather, ancestor, Cic 
abdle&tiOi ^^ /• Fabdlco] a re- 

nunetcUlon, an abdiuuion qfan office, 
ab. dletaturae, lAv. l\, the renounc- 
ing or disouming qf a son. Quint 

ab-dloOi *^ a^nn, i. v. a^ with re- 
flect pron. and Abl. rei. to detach onC' 
s^from any thing, renouneea thing, to 
res^fn, abdicate r v. dloo) : ae mada- 
iratu, Cie. : llbertate, td. with aoe. abd. 
dictaturam, Uv. mad pass, abdicato ma- 
glstratu. Sail. ||. to abrogate, to 
rtjjcct, legem abdleaverunt trtbu», PUn. 

III. A« a legal term, abd. aliquem. 
to rerunmoe one, eep. of a aon ; to dis- 
inherit, Plin. : abd. patrem, to disown. 
Curt [Dicare is perhaps another form 
of llgare ; if so, ab^care would orlg. 

\ mean to unbind.] 

s ab-dl0O« 3d« ctnm, |. «. a. An au- 
)nral and Judicial word (opp. to addico) : 
of an unfav. omen ; not to promise : 
cum ares abdixlssent, Cie. I|. In Ju- 
dicial lang.. abd. aUquid ab afiquo, to 
* take atray by a legal sentence, liv. 

abdltS. adv. secretly, Cic. 

I^oaltafi ft« urn. Part, [ahdoj and 
•^^1 P*^ away, hidden, secret: res 
oocultae et abditae, Cic. Comp. and 
.7iip. only in later Lat Poet, the iieut 
for subs. : abdita rerum, Hor. (sabdltas 

ab-dO« Tdi, Ttnm, put away, 
remove : hnnc abd. domo, ViK. : coplae 
ab eo loco abditae, Caes. Gen. with 
in. in gremium abdidit, he put it into 
his boSmn, Suet ||. Abdere se, to 
conoeal oneself by vnthdramng; with 
in aud ace. ; sese in silras abdlderunt, 
Caes. Fig. often In Cic. to ocope 

into retirentent : oonstr. with in literas 
or Uteris (Abl.), in UbUothecam, eto. 

III. In gen. to hide, oonoeal, Jbeep 
secret: abdenda onpiditas erat^ Lir. 
Poet., laleri abdklit enaem, he huriod 
the sword in his side, Virg. [Some of 
the oompds. of do contain a root oor* 
responding to theOr. 6o, in SiSmii*, give : 
while the root of others oorreaponds to 
the Or. •(, in WVii^u, put : abdo, oondo, 
etc., contain the latter root Hence 
abdo dues not mean give away, but jm< 

abodmin* inis, n. the lower part qf 
the beUy, abdomen, paunA, Jnv. Fig. 
for pluttony, sensuality: natus abdo- 
mini sno, Cic 

ab-dftoOt xi, ctum, |. V. a. (Jii*p- 
abduc: idao abduce. Plant and Ter.: 
Perf. syne, abduxti. Plant) to lead 
away from one place to another, to lake 
or bnngwith one: abd. in cubiculum, 
PI. In Ter. often In invitations to dine : 
abdnxit ad ooenam. ||. Oen.totoJbe 
away or remove : abd. oollegam a foro, 
liv. : also de foro, e foro, ex ade. 7b 
separate, distinguish : a ooi\)ecturis di vi* 
nationem, Cic. 7b lead to revolt, to 
alienate: legiones, id.: ad nequitiam, 
to seduce to profligacy, Ter. Poet, 
abd. ci4>ita ab ictu, to anno badL Viig. : 
somnos. to deprive qf sleep, Ov. 
HI. wiu ab. follg. : to draw away or 
diveri from (bs avocare, avertere) : ab 
institutis, Cic a studio, Id. yi. to 
reciuce to a lower rank, to degrade, id. 

Ab-dnotttSt •. urn. Part, [abduco] 
lea or carried away or off, abducta 
armenta redpere, Ov. 

i,b-dO« ivi or li, itum, ire, 4. v. n. 
(abin'snabisne. Plant aud Ter. ; abiit 
aissyl. id.), to go away, depart; abiit, 
ezcessit, evaait, erupit, Cic : also with 
Supine: abl deambulatum, Ter. 

a, to pau away, to disappear, to cease : 
>. e vita, to die, Cic. : ab. in diem, to 
be out off to another day, Ter. |||. 
to deviate from, abandon a duty, posi- 
tion, etc (syn. aberrart) : etiam tu nine 
abis? doyoutooolMindoninyoataef Ter. 

IV. to be cht^ged from one thina 
intocmother, to be wtetamorphosed; al- 
ways with in, in viUos abeunt vestes, 
Ov. V< ^ ^nd, turn out : non posse 
istaec sic ab., Cic. VI. 1° auctions, 
no< to be knocked down to one : si res 
abiret ab eo mandpe, Cic VU. ^ 
faU (in price), pretium retro abiit, Plin. 

YIII. Ixnp> obi, and other forms, as 
fHendly or reproachful exclamations. 
Abl, ludis me, go, you are/ooling me ! 
PI. Begone 1 Abin' e .eonspectu meo? 

iberr&tlOi On^, f. [abeno no. j] a 
relief or dttersion (from) ; a dolore, Cic 
&b-€nrOi *^t oturo, I. V. n. to unnder 
away, go astray : puer aberravit a patre, 
1*1* W.TX^. to wander off, or deviate 
from : a r^cul^ naturae, Cic. Also with- 
out ob: ooi\)cctura aberrem, id. 
K. to relieve, divert^/orget onesdf: scri- 
ndo aberro. / divert my thouf^Us, Cic. 



ahmtftnUt a(iim,PaH./tt<jrabium). 

ib-nmOi adv. : [the prep, oo is pie- 
onast like the preps, in exhlnc, delude, 
proindeX/Vtm this time, reckoning either 
backwards or forwards, but almost in va- 
riably of time past, sin<3e,<M0; with ike 
or JM., and the num. oarrftn. : quaestor 
AUsti s^h.annosqnatuordecim, C9c : Jam 
abh. triginta dielnia, thirty dam ago. Id. 

&b-llOrr6o» nl» 8re (no perf. part.) 2, 
V. n. and a. to shrinkbaek in dread, to 
abhor; with ab, or Ax.: retro volgos 
aUiorret ab hac, shrinks back from, 
Locr. distortos abborrebat SwK. 
n. to be averse or disinclined to, a 
noptiis, Ter.: Caesarls a causa, Ctc. 
III. Gen., to be remote from an 
ol^t 1. to nary or differ from, to 
be inconsistent with: temcritas tanta, 
ut non procul abhorreat ab insania, 
Cic : a flde, to be incredible, Liv. : a too 
scelere, is not connected with, Cic 
With Dat. : profectioni abhorrens moa, 
Liv. 8. to be free from : ab snspi- 
done abhorrere, Cic 8. ^ be ui^fit, 
incapable, id. 

&qiSglias« «> mn, a^. made qfjlr- 
moooor daU ^abi^l: trabes, i.e. a 
Aip, Cic : equus, Ae wooden horse 

t of its daric foil- 

before Troy, Prop. 

&bISt or &b»t, e 

fir: nigra (on account 

the white 

age), virg. Met onjffAin^ made qf 
fir: \, Abies ^eptstota. a letter 
(i. e. on a wooden tablet), PL 2. ^ 
tiavis, Virg. S.^l^ta, id. [In 
obliq. cases the wtnd is to be r^ 
as a tri^lL abyetls, abyete, &c Viiig. 
Aen. a ni74 : ib. it, 667.J 

&b-USO> 8gi, actum, i. v. a. [ago] to 
drive abKiy. Fig. to drive away an 
evU : curas, Hor. Poet : medio noctia 
abactae, i. e. consnmptae, Virg. Hence, 
II. esp. after Cic to steal and drive 
away cattle: pecus abegerunt, Cic 
III. to divorce. Suet 

ibltitOt Jtois, /. [abool a going 
away, departure, only in Plant aud 
Ter. V. aoitns. 

fc-bltOt Si^ [In older Latin we find 
a root be or bi ^ go :* v. bito.j |. r. n, to 
go away, depaxt : PI. 

iiUtUSi As. m. [abeol a going a^txty, 
departure : Cic H, M e t . <Ae outht, 
place qf egress: abttum custode ooro- 
nant, they surround the outlet with 
guards, Virg. Plur. v^cula sepserant 

abieetSi adv. [al^jectusl despond- 
ingly, Cic |l. meanly. afoeUly. Tac 

ibiOOtlOi Onls, /. [u^ido] a throW' 
ing away or rekcting: flguramm al^ 
Jectio, Quint rig. defection, despon- 
dency, uOectio animi, Cic 

abieotlllt •> nm. Part, [nbjidol vl^'/. 
dotoncoM, disAeaitened, desponding: 
animo al^Jecto, Cic. ||. low, mean, 
abject : nihil al^tum oogitarp. Id. : 
animus al\)ectior, id. : animus attj^tlssl- 
mxis. Quint 

aD-ACflOi pf^ Jectnm, |. v. a. (iblcl 
and Uddt, Ov. and Juv., arc shortened 




attjici. al^t) [>ido3, to throw 
■■qjt, COM off, or down : scatum, Ck. 
Fig.: hmtc pMltrJA alidideDda 'st, tuut 
be got rid qf^ Ter. : al^ vitun, Oc : 
nm, to promotmee U careUuly, id. 
II. to tkroto atide^ to give up or 
ahfidmos ista, lel Mat 00, 
id. i||.toMiioiefi,AMin6Ie,dMraae: 
meaatat moctoriutem al^ed^ fowered 
fiU aatkority ^ M< Wno^ id.: of 
price; tkrowm aMag, mid too cAeopIy, 
•^tam aades, PL At^ te, (0 degnuU 
om at\f , Oc 

•IhffldlgOt <^^ atnm, 1. v. a. (0 taJte 
a««^ fty a judgmerU or «efi<ence (opp. 
to a^^uioop cooatr. with cUijp^ inr 
oUnnR, a» oltgno, or a2»e«»: Alex- 
aaffiiam a popolo Rom. al^JodiGabit, Gc 
Fig., ribi UlMrtotem, Id. 
^llmietllft Ak UBi, /'art. [abjungo.] 
ab-jlinflOv lud, Bctmn, 1. v. a. (o 
■■jfoite : Juveocom, Ylrg. Fig. to dt- 
teA, to mnove, to teganUe : abtfoDcto 
r^fii^T irt^ Oaaa. 

athiOzOf *^ atmn, x. v. a. to deny 
mt ooii, to aljwrts no quia milii in jare 
•TJnraaii^ PL Also ateol., mihi al\). 
caritaa est qnain dependera, Cic. : al^u- 
atoe rapiDM, denittL Vlr|^ 

•IdftamtttlOt ^**» /• ^ loooening 
^ tkcmrH romid the rooUqf a trot; 
alao the tremA itadf tkm tMde, PUn. 

iMJ^miOt <^^ Atam, i. v. a. [!«• 
qannjLlt., to aiaoitangle: fig., to 
lw« mp the earth round a trie, in 
orter to form a trendi. Cat. 

tbOMlUM, I, «». «c casos [anfero] 
flkc oUatiw caae, Qnint* 

ftM^ ^ f a^ Qm, i^irt. [anfrro.] 

ablig&aOf 9nla,/. [aUCgo] a tend. 
img away : jOTfotaua ad bellum, Llr. 
Liter, A ha m rt i wg, esOe (ssretegatio) : 
abL ApippoB, PUo. 

ibKigOi *A fttum* I* ^> a< to ssM 
flMBjr, to reoMnw.* aUqoem foraa, PI. : bo* 
neaifOahaminfiSiCle. Alao with Aip<fi«, 
pqaroa venatQin ableg»Tit, Liv. 

aMIfftrlOf !▼!» Itam, i. V. o. (IlL to 
^*^^\ to eonntme in eating or drink' 
img: fortnoaa aoaa, do. 

ab45eOi *▼!> a^un* i. «• a. (lit. to 
pIooK atoay) to teoM at Ul: domum, 
wi et . 

lb4fldo« >it >°>B, 1. V. n. (prop. 
not to bt in tmne viUh, whence Fig.) 
to 4f»^er /toss to l« wntike : a te non 
■nilinm ablndlt, it not tahoUg unlike 
thee. Bor. 

Io4ft0f tA, fitmn, J. V. a. to tRu4 
Mc^^ loaak, topur\fg : pedee ablnena, 
Oc Fig., pcrtimiattoammiplacatioDe 
abtoator, u rraitfred, Cic. : peijuria, to 
aiemefer,Ov, PoeL: abt altim, to 
f«Mnc4, Locr. : ahLiiinbraa,tomnoi«,id. 

•IdfttlOt ^^"^ /• <> wo^fV* cleant- 

ultttai* >. ton. Part, [ablno.^ 

ab-ltfUff, art, atom, i. r. a. to r^uM 
(OKsUj poet.): Vlrg.; Hot. Later, 
aift\ inprvM writen, to deny: depo- 
dtam, Plia. 

feb-Bipos, Ctia, «. «« «m </ a 

ab-neptilf ^ /• <^« daughter qf a 
grtat-griMdchUd^ Suet. 

ab-nootOi Are, r. V. n. [nox^ to ttoy 
Ott< oOni^C^ Sen. 

ab-nomilli ^t <><&'• [norma: an oA^ 
fimned fh>m a prep, and a labat. s non 
ad normam, Cic] without rttle, irregu- 
lar : abn. aapiena, ufiu bg ntUural good 
tente^ Kor. 

almlUtttnuif ■> um sabnutoma, v. 

ab-ntLOf ^ tUtnm, or obnOttun, 3. 
V a. in old Lat abnueo, lit. to nod away 
(tee below) ; bence, to rtfute^ to for' 
bid : non recoao, inec abn., dc. : Impe- 
rlmn auBf^urnqne aba., to nyect, lAv. : 
and with it[f. melioribus porere abo., 
id. Barely with de: de ullo negotio 
abn. SalL impert.: neo abnuitnr ita 
ftiine, Liv. Applied to things, to be 
ui\favourable, noi to admit of: locus 
abnueret, Tao. [From the root xn 
which is seen in nu-tus^ nu-to ; hence, 
ab-nuo, means to nod atoay in token of 
refusal, v. adnno.] 

ab-nfttOi avL atnm, I. v. n. [ab> 
nuoj to r^ute, decline, PI., Cic 

&D-dl8o» evi (ui), Itum, 2. 1*. a. 
ortg. to arow out 0/ use; hence, to de- 
stroy, aholith, office ; and in the pass, 
to d^ to daoay; neque erat coriis usus, 
nee viscera qoisquam aut iindis abolere 
potest, aut vinoere flamma, which 
means, that thopoisonoutjleth (viscera) 
clinging to the hidet could not be re- 
moved either by water or fire, Yir%. 
vires, to deprive of, Tac [From the 
root OL or olb, grow, connected with 
alo,and seen inad-olescens, pr-^^les, sub* 
oles. etc,"] 

&D-$leiOOi ISvl, no perf. part j. 
V. n. [aboleoj to decay, cea«e, %either : 
tantique abolesoet gratia UctX, Vitg.: 
memoria aboleverat, Liv. 

&b5Uti[0t Onls. J' [&^1^ <>** o^ 
UthingoTamniUinq. tributly'Tac: legis, 
a repeaL SueL ||. An amnetty, id. 

&D5Utlll> a, nm, Part, [aboleo.] 

iboQa* ae,/. a etoaJkq/' (A tdktcooUen 
ttuff worn by toldiert (henoe opp. to 
the toga), by phifatophert, etc^ facinus 
mi^jorls aboflae (in derision) comMtCtod 
by a very profound philctopher, Juv. 

UMhilUlort Atns, I. V. dm^f to depre- 
cate at an iU owten : quod abom^r, 
u^ieh may God avert, Ov. || 7b 
abo m i n a t e, detett (opp. to optare), Liv. 
Part. past, abominatus, parentibns abo* 
mina^a, Hor. 

&b6x^biMt ™<V **• oh^iial inhabit- 
ants, anoettort^ Cic. : Sail. 

&b-5Tlor« onus, 4. V. n. dep. primarily 
of the heavenly bodies (opp. e7corior\ 
to tetf disappear. Van*. Hence, to fail: 
vocem aboriri, Lucr. 

&bortlOi Onis,/. premature delivery^ 
miscarriage, Cic 

&bortIvllft *. raa, a^. [aboHor] 
bom pretsuitMrdy : ab. Sinrphua, Hor. : 
abordvum ovmn, addled^ Mart. 

&bortllff ^ ^"^ [aborlor] a mitcor* 
HoM, Cic F i g. of writings, Plln. 

lUMftdOf si> >um, 1. v,a. to scrape or 
B X 

seratA off, to shave: superdlia abraaa, 
Cic: abrasumquendam,siiioo(A*rtaven, 
Hor. Fig. to extort, to rob, Cic 
abr&muit *> umt ^'ort' [abrado.] 
abreptaii •> um. Part.: tnm 
ab-npiOi pt^ eptum, i.v.a. [rapio] 
to take away by force, to drag away : 
hence, abr. se, to seotiiper off: to carry 
off as booty, raviA. puellam atHreptam, 
Ter. : non Proserplnam asportasHO sed 
ipsam abripuisse Cererein, Cic Fig. 
I. Of digression in discourse: to 
aestus ingenli tui procnl a terra abripuit 
atquo in altum abstraxit, id. if to 
s^uoftder; iUa universum abripiet, Ter. 
III. towithdraw^detaeh: tempestato 
abreptus est onus, Cic. (the flgiue taken 
tnm the dispersion of uiip« by a stonn 
at sea). 

ab-r5do» si. sum, 3. v, a. to gnaw 
off: viuoula, varr. 

alirSgititOi bnis, f. the rtpeal qf a 
law. Cic. 

ai>-r9gO» «▼!> atum, i. v. a. to repeat 
a law, to abrogate wholly (whereas 
derogo means to abrogate partly, ob- 
rogo, to coimtoroct, or supersede by 
another law) : the u»ual constr. is with 
Ace.; plebisdtum abrogo, Liv.: later, 
with JJat. II. Fig. to dnirive (o ma- 
gistrate of his office): si tibi magistra- 
tum abrogasset, Cic. 3. In gen., to 
deprive {of anything), to take away, 

abrOsiU, «, nm. Part, [abrodo.] 
abrStdnunii l- n^ and abrOtonus, 
i, m. and/. southernKOod, Hor. 

ab-mmpoi npi, upturn, j. v. a. to 

breoA; off, to rend: cunstr. words de- 
pendent on the root are hi the Ace., but 
those governed by the prefix are in 
either the Dat. or JW. ; caro vincula 
Pirithoo aJfr., Hor.: absoL to tear 
asunder: abr. vitara, to break the thread 
of l}fe, Virg. : abr. fos, to violate, id. 
medium sermonem abr. to break off, id. 
omnibus inter victoriam mortemve ab- 
ruptis, all choice, except victory or 
decUh, being taken away, Liv. I|. to 
separate, sever: cmrum et pofmtam 
venas slat, to cut throu^, Tao. 

abrnptSt adv. hastay, inoontider- 
atety, abruptly. Quint. 

aoriiptibf finis* /. [abnunpo] a 
broakif^ off, a rendtng asunder: oor- 
rigiae, of a shoo4atchet, Cle. Fig. of 
divorce, id. 

abntptni, «. nm, Part, [abrampol 
Adij. broken off, and thence, prectpC 
tous, steep : locus abr., Liv. Also abaol,. 
abruptum, a steep ascent or descent: 
sorbet in abruptum fluctus^ Oie ware 
sudcs them down perpendieutarly, Virg. 
Fig., per abmpta, in uneven paths, I. e. 
through opposition, Tac. 1|. Of dis- 
oouTBe : broken, abrupt. Quint. : contu- 
vnsOaL, stubborn, Tac — Comp. and 
Sup., Plin. 

abSi PTP- *• ab. 

aM-0Sd0« ccMi, cessum, j.r. n.togo 
away, to depart : a curia, e foro, Liv. 
Pass, impers., abeceasum est, Liv. I|. 
todaapiMor, towithdrmworfaitone; ob* 





Boodeteor^widdiiaiipear^Cio. |||.to 
daiH/rom a thing : ino^to, LIv. 

abMMlIO. ttnia. /. Lit., a going 
away: Fig. a diminutioHf Ctc 

absOOf lUS. fla, n*. a going away, ah- 
tenet : soUt, Cic. : oontinuiu, continued 
oteenoe, Tac 2. on absctt$, CeU. 

•ibi-^do. <^i« <^uiii, J. v.a, [cftedo3 
to eiUojf: Abadaa c«)ita, Vlrg. Flg.» 
•bB. spem, liv. [Id Uie MSS. and edits, 
the raultogs often rwy between the 
partsof thb verb and tboae of ab-tcindo.] 

atMKdndOf ci<^ dasom, |. v.a, to 
cut o^, or awajft to tear off, or aiMijf ; 
tnnicam a pectA>ro abeddit, Cic With 
Blmi^iibL: bumeriaaba. voetem, Vhrg. ; 
and with ffe. Id. ||. Fig. to««pam/e, 
divifk, I abs. In duaa partes exerdtum, 
Caes. In Tac, aba. venoa, to open the 
veint : cf. alHiimpo. 

•blcifSaSi *• lun* Part' Tabadndo] 
torn off; beocc, rough, Hven,val. Max. 

abscflSUBi tt> um. Part, [abeddo] 
CMC off, hewx 9teep, jnrtdpitout : loxum 
abedsum, Liv. 

abiooiidltei o^^* cb»cureljf,Cic, 
II. profoundly, id. 

abSMIldltllf. «* um. Part, [ab- 
looodoj put aiuMy, hidden, tecrtt, un- 
known : abeoiHiditAe intidiae. Cic 

abt-COndo* condi and didl, condltum 
(abeoonsum. Quint.) put cucay 
together, lay by, tecrete: gladii ab* 
aconditi, Cic Poet., abs. ftigam ftirto, 
to conceal Jlight^ Virg. : Phaeaciim ab- 
soondimns aroea, we leave behind, or lote 
Might qf, Virg. So Sen. pneritltun ab- 
aoondinini^ we outlive. — Pass, of stars, 
to Ki, Vlrg. 

araexiS* .^ntia, [absmn^ Part, and 
^. : obienl : Cic. ^Kwentonobic, an old 
and errooeoos phrase for abeente me, 
Ter. fA contraction of ab-es-ens, since 
es is toe root of esse. Cf. prae-senii.] 

abtentiai «e, /. [abseos] abaence, 


ab-iXUo. 11 And ^ no p^* put. 4. 
V. n. [x^lioT to leap off or aioay, Lucr. 


mil. e, 

ab-tfbnnil. e, adj. vnlike, xumUj 
with a neg. and €fen. or Dal., non ab- 
simlll forma muraUnm faldom, Caes. 

abnntUlUlIt !• *•• (also absinthiua. i, 
m.) tcomuMwd; tetnim, Lucr. Fig., for 
something bitter but wholesome, Quint. 

abtil, or apds, Idis, /. a=s i^if . an 
arch or vault, PUn. : of the heavens. 
Id. I|. the orbit of a $tar. Id. 

ab-OBtOt stiti, no perf. pMt. 1. «. n. to 
etand off, withdroMf, to go away . ooiistr. 
(Uttal.; with 06; or the iiv^ Jbl.: 
miles abstitit, v^ent a/way, Tac : ab ore 
ficintillae abslstnnt. dart, fiy. Virg.: 
limine, id. ||. Fig. : to duUtfrom, 
to leave of: oontinuando magtstratu, 
Liv. : abslste viribus indubitare tuis, 
ceoM to dietrust thy itrength, Virg. 
Impen. pass., si non abaisttretar beUo, 

absfildtfit O'i^' [absolutus] free 
from care or conttnUnt, comjpletdy, 
perfectly: vivere absolute, Cic 

absMtltXo, bniB, f. [id.] in law : on 
4MCquUtal: mi^Jestatiai on aoquittal/rom 


crimen mi^estatis, Cic In Suet, iu 

{»lttr. : rels ab»oIutiixiea vondltare. 
I. perfection, eoneummation : banc ab- 
solntionem perfectlonemque, Cic 
III. In Rbet., completeneit, id. 

absSlfttSriui, «, um, (ufo*. [id.] 

pertaimng to acquittal: tabella dam- 
natoriaetiU)s^&iet. ||. Subst. abso- 
intorium, 11, n.($e. remcKlium). a means 
<ff ddiverancefrom: ^}us mall, Hin. 

absfilfttnif ^ um. Part, [absolvol, 
looseMed, ox freed from, fret, wi\felterea, 
finiihed. complete; neoessltndlnes abs., 
tmoondutomu, Cic 

ab«80lT0i vi, Qtum, i. v.a. to lo(mn 
from, disengage: abaoluta lingua, not 
tied, PUn. ||. to/nte from: Judldo 
se absolvat,/ree Aimac^/rviH a lawtuit, 
Oc ||l< ^ ^^» ^ acquit, toabsolve 
from a charge qf criwte: oonstr. abco!., 
with Mtl., Gen., and de: bis absolutus, 
Cic : regni suspidone, Liv. : fidem ab- 
solvit, he pardoned their fidelity (to 
Otho\ Tac 2. In the praetor's for- 
mula to the judex. Si paret, condemns : 
si non paret, absolve : hence, himc 
homlnem Veneri absolvit, slbi oondem- 
nat, Verres dectared thcU there was no 
forfeiture to Venus, but he condemned 
the man to the payment <ff a sum of 
money to himself, Cic |V. to vay off, 
disekarge: heooe, in gen., to dismiss, 
to release, PL y. to complete or 
finish, Cic In Sallust with Aec., or de 
with AbL, of an historical reLatiou, to 
bring to a conclusion. 

ab-l&IIlit *» um, adj' 0^ fff tune, 
dtenrdant, harsh: nmt aukUiin voce 
abeonL Cic : hence 11. i n gen. un- 
suitable, incongruous : with a5, or (:s 
alienus) with Dat. : absoni a voro motus 
erant, Liv. Oomp. and Sup. not used. 

ab-«orbSo, bui, (and pd. Lucr. 4, 
100,) ptum. 2. V. a, to swallow up, to 
devour: placentas, Hor. ||. rig. 
buno absorbolt aestos gloriae, engross, 
absorb, Cic 

abspallOi ab^xnio, afceportatio, t. 

abf-QUOt J^TP* ^tb AU. : without, 
apart from: In Plaut. and fer. mostly 
In conditional clauses : absque me, te, 
eo, etc., esset, if it had not been for me. 
By etc absque Is rarely used ; bot by 
later writers It is used more freely, 
and I. In the slgnif. of, without, eon- 
trary to: absque sententlaapraeter 
sententlam, Quint. ||. esroept. Cell. 

ill. absque for et ab« : Macr. The 
) absque does not usu. mean and. 
' abl-timllUif *» um, a4j. sober, ab- 
staining from intoTtiaUing drinks: 
gandet roeris aba. nndis, Ov. Hence 
II. In gen., temperate: aba. herbia 
vivis, Hor. 11. In later Lats J^nus, 
who is yet fasting. [From root tbm, 
seen In tCm-etum ** mead," t6m>uleotns. 
Cf. u4»» and mJUIidos.] 
aMtentUt •. «ni. Part. [abeUneo.] 

/bl-targiOi wl, rsum, 1. v. a. tourine 
or away, wipe dry: labellum. Pi. 
II. Fig. to drive away, banish (sor- 
row, pain, etc), Cic ||l* Renio** to 

break the oars. Curt, usually remos de* 

abs-torrSoi ^1 Itum, 2. «. a. to 
frighten away, to deter: patrem, PL 
abts. hostes, l2v. : a pecUnlia captendis 
abs., Cic. With de: de frumento an* 
seres abs., PL With the simple Abl. : 
anlmos vlttls, Hor. ||. to take away, 
or withdraw; pabula amorls slbi, Lucr. 

abBtaniUt *» um. Part, [abstergeo.l 

abaflnenSt w»ti». Part- [abetlneol 
raraining from what is unlawful, 
iUistineni, temperaie: constr. absol.^ 
or poet, with ^en.: esse abetlnentem 
praeclamm est, Cic : animus abs. pecu- 
niae, Hor. 

aoetineilteri o^- abstinently, Cic 

abstina&uai ae. /. [abstlnensl ab- 
stinence, the abstaininafrom something: 
oonclUare benevolentlun multitudima 
absthientia et conUnentiSj by freedom 
from avarice, and by self -control, Cic. 
II. abstinence from food, fasting, 
staroaJtUm s= inedia : vltam abetlnenUa 
flnlvit, he ended hi» l\fe by starvation^ 
Tac. ^ 

aba-tinSOi ^ tentum, 2. r. a. and 
n.TteneoT to hold or keep away from : 
A c\ with Ace : me oetrels absthiebam, 
Cic Hence ; manum a ae, to abstain 
from suicide, id. ||. Neut. with 
cM. or absol. to abstain from; abstinere 
li\Juria, id.: publico abstinult, did not 
j^ out, Suet Constr. with: l,if^.: 
dum mihl abatlneant invldere, PL 2. 
ne: multum se abstihebaut, ne offers 
rent, Liv. 8. quin : aegre abstinent, 
quln castra c^pugnent, id. 4. ?uo- 
minus : Suet 5. poet with Gen, 
irarum, Hor. HJ. to abstain from 
food, Cels. 

ab-atO» are, i. v. n. to stand aloqft 

abitractnSt *> um. Part, [aba- 
traboj dra(Ufed away : abstractae boves, 
Vlig.: drawn off, removed, a oorporo 
animus abs., Cic 

aba-trftbOt xi, ctum, ?. v. a. (abs- 
traxessabstraxlase, Lucr.) to drag or 
puU away : F 1 g., a nulllus oommodo 
abs., Cic With de and ex Instead of ab: 
de matris oonspectu, id. : e slnu patriae. 
Id. Without a prep. : patemis adverals 
foret abstractus, Tac ||. to %nth- 
draw or alienate from : mllites a Le- 
pido, ac III. esp. in Cic to /re« 
from: a solUcitudine. 

abl-trildtK ^ Hsum, 3. v. a. to 
thrust away, hence, to cononzl : aurum, 
PL : roe In sllvam, Cic Fig. In prt- 
ftindo veritatem, kL 

abstrftfUi a, am, Porf . [id.3, and 
adj. thrust away, hidden, absti'uee : ab* 
strusas InsidiaB ponere, Oc: disputatio 
paulo abetruslor, a somewhat deeper 
investigation, id. : in abstruso esse, to 
beitieoitoealmeii/LPl.: homo abatrosus, 
a clou or reserved maw, Tac. 

ab-fum, abftil, abesse, irreg. v. n. (fat 
abAii, abfiiturus, abforem, etc, afui, 
afuturus, aforem, etc, are also fouDd\ 
to be away, absent : edixlt, nt ab urbc 
abesset milua pass, ducenta, Cic : men* 

on iHwr, Cit — 'Awt, pTDcaL aML 
IT, qned (tidl (piRDilHlicaLLy), Col 
/trtiU. SUL n. U tn ouuy AvH 

,/>«■( ■ itili^ Vj iHUutkn, tie. : hnin 
(• k tUiCncUud: ■ OHBlllo fagtsndl, 
CIc : ovlerl ft nrtniUf abennL jbepf 

/Tmm^kUtatlrrx : Itnt ab oOcIa, C3c. 

V. la ta kwanKtst vCHi quH 

■l«iti)il<>md«iil«iiloM,tiL VI. 

Chl WiihOit.: ibeilhliUiTla llurli 

li^mUlcrv^ C^ BeKW, ddq ot luud 

m^m lv lg tJuit: mad muEIDm atall qaln 
1^ kiJJfll, Ll>. VII. >1x» 'Ucul 
■• •K^bcl, to M ij^ BO tffrtB li (opp. 

■bforia*^ on. ai(r. ^frfnp n diiU 

mtaink. oW i>r IwK and tent. Clc. 

I. Pl(. of mralMl olifKU: diiU. 

•tnni (or at^ttli. Sail,; btilDa ■[>- 

Hd J^.. d^Hl■d4lV, opultnX ; Hon liu- 

vUh (n, lank, Vlr^ Ei abundaoU, 

UaaAuttOTi o^o- otwidiuiUir, <n- 
■fHjIf: aAiiD. Uiqul, etc. 
Um^th. H. /. [(boDduiO 

\t ibwOt en, yii^ 

&I>-Uld0i A^i Alum, I, V. n. [imda] 

rtrflffte 7 AquA AlbaDB ftbriTKUvIt, 1J*. 

II. Fig, to ahiuJiJ in anyWd.j. lo 


«penun AbuUtu 

■h(to"piAU. uilglil. Clc. II. M*i: 

III. ulwuhad an Amlentii »' lilt 
'DKsUn VIIIa, laid olll In Itn Qiedui 

fcoidftnlBUi.^ i™. oift", rdaUr, 

Plln,rVlfg. \hf rapiultof CuTlnlhlaD 
r IbU plmL II, a <*«i.y EwKian 

Oppldl dlKFFllt, Cut. Otti 

1 i^Ib kiu: 

[■Bin, VlT,,) 
lA Syncotu, Clc, Fig, : id 


T«. 2. " 

g, poet with almplc^ia.; Bmpnlm 

II. lo o«in™» in a kaHiU mar 
nnvloirflat*, cohoTlftClc. |||, ( 

■v. to bt (bWkI, wllb ai or ilni. 

■omManctX to to (ite, with od or 

lunt. Id,: AiilonlD FhlUppis prailinna 
irwdrbot, td. Vll to mttr upm, 

ciapubUcflm, Jo ftiKr upon pvUie qjlu, 

nnee in prfec ; pnlium acoedlt, wlih 

aioilta), ■'I, Ainni, i , », n. and ». : 

M«.'i Id Tk, alK M., 11. In'- 

'Dlcnl, Clc,: pan, ImpH*,^ quanlum 
mKtart powt, U., 
BO-eendq, ndj, nanm. I. V, a. to fct 


nUU. 1, ai, [aranamTna old 

luniinonBl parilM. pmclalnwd tb« 
.dc, Wllh Ool.ot'.'m.: THUoi, 

U fuotial^ aa laadBr c^ tlic pro. 

faUomd tin anKi at uitmiimmria 
(j^nnaoenrU). to l^lb. plus o[ 

aXuIM q/ a an^ Bmt: uanHia, 
qim Unad rpor^tiat vonnl, Ifaim. 

MM09KI* ^ aoeepfro, v. acdpUi. 

WMwHo. Sli^^t^^l. ".."'*'"' 

■coepla, "l. "uni. '■ '- "- f"V- 
[tcdplol (D takt or oaw* (rflm ; vtm- 
Turn, P[. : pvmctai, Ijobil. 

aptabUr i>f pen 
UDnri, PI.: or lU 

Hhldi \» r««i™d. In iippialUoa lo rz- 
nnuHi, ilutwhicblitxptiided: htnet, 
Id (ccnmt b«^aeeif>l<ni ihs debut 

KoptlatupiiKl, Id.. lieiM. (n Kcep- 

nptmn reftr™, where oiimi d»powii 

ud ri;,, lalit imleMai: lienca, wben 
Ibe part. !• mad In iineBuol »lih > 
iDbL dependent «i nnm^ tbe j^nH 
hai en uwlncini* ilnnitiiie moviiug ; U 
adeUI dhw^ lobe iMMUd/n- (t»lli Id 



If flu-tu a d^Hitwn eompUtt: Ditl 

jri win. «., m Bn*i™i, or !»■- 
amluiJ f lulilir qf a Uiag : nmn h- 
cMenlta, Uk wcdnlo) cAni>u<aHa, 


to ckI d'l M^ tkTom/iL, beiice, m fo chC 

bdtliun. (0 iHCLkefl, ^m/atr. liv. 

UMldOp cldl, no pert- pvi- j. v- n. 
rcSOir/all «. to. or ntor, nucA M. 
7(lU>>;. Conitr. L wllb ad: id 
pede*. Cte. 8. with (■; im««o. In 

dee, (rare): atlpulem videmue acddcrfl 

diml EiiD. In £lc. c9 ^^let. (d 

Om. Hod«, (tg ' ai HR* Mnu 
mihl «Mlt tun., !■«.: wllbem |^ 

esp. fHddeidy. wKv/iafertiy, uiu. aS 

'ill, tolum Ml. tomd. loAorpBii 
to tyUll «» : ben* ubi quid wuliKun 

l«l usH, II, 0»n, ot iw/orlMiali 
evenU : tl quid •d'enf eoldeni, Cic. 

do.' Iv.l : koldll Qt Hemue dejln- 

lio, to/e(e».Kitnnj,>l. 
iOdfiOtlUi ■! lUlip /'drt, [Kdngo,^ 
aft-H^Vf^i nil, ncLum, ]. e. a, (but 

(cdogltui ente. Id, [|. U e n,, (o otik, 
— -- prwidt: glAdlli uclnrti. Llv, ; 

"■ ^inKl. <" pnpore to tKtrr u/oh or 
tmcLTfdJrt ; ciinstr, ofteof, i*llhad,rt, 
'-;iiccltigcre,inajlT jwrte^^nxuJy, 

EL^ue palemiun od lUU^uni, prrpam t 
m for. With /If/, ; noiTigiir dtcen 

; KdHgUDt HDDH OpCTl, OU fR 

r^RnvitJy to the work, kl. 

■wiplo. i*^, ceptom, (. », B, 

Si*: "eiS^»d'°i.°Kl'i« h!^^ 

■Hmel to iliHi^ (liiU hie buuK), D. ^ 
Cimlo, Vlij. tVW HxipeR U to be 

lDieiT«t*l rum Iba netpiiKft point 

lKkenl,Hqk Hmaj 

pnniegei : Netoentul el Pcdud In 

tnut, JwDO {vlrgbiem) Kopl, eceop- 
tun ecTTAbo. Ter. L to neeiee viCJt 
dU anr or Uke niiKl. lolsir, U etaerw .■ 

SiH (eruuir, ledplis ei PdIUoik, CIc. 
ence, to pel inteU^eMe, to toon ; 
JugurtljIL, quad Ucte^lue esebtt, ec 
DQDiUi tcaplt. BitlL a. to (own- 
Aeitd or umderttand vtMt it keartf: el 
quia sL qui hiK putrt afMacdpipDeee. 
Oc S. WlUl sd or <■ wllh^. It.; 

a f/otmiraWe) rmtn.'S^'pot u : i 

I C/onniraMe) mws dc. 


tUocma, C)e,; 

er iitao MrttX 

<mll. II. Fig,D[knpiKi«uinu. 

b-uSirngk: icAm omia fcmj, Vlig. ■ 
' ' ': HcUecrlDlbuiiTAC. Fovt,.^ 


A d^ifitni bigelliet of Ibg 




■•ftliinttO, Mx%i.v./^^ to en/ 
to^ cselatM repiotoaly, PL 

atHllinWi <^^ atum, i. v. n. (o ery 
«^o^loMoti<at. With AU. In Olefin 
ftbosdteieDse: oamlhl iirrl«ni>r,U, cry 
m^mffoimat. In the hbtortena, to tkout 
^jfinrnn^ to kuna : aervatorem libera- 
pe aox, afi>pta*u( tPiC^ (o«d crie$ 
<md ddiverer, liv. 
in^Mn^ PUn.: Soet. 

a^i^UlOf *^ atom, I. V. a. (0 make 
€imr^ to rtveal; an aognral term, Llv. 

HO f^lril, e, OfM. Uamimg <m^ in- 
diimodtowari»: with DaL: artxyrisaoo. 
tnmoo^ Ylrg. Fig. ditpofed to: accL 
ftlriaaolnnia, Hor. 

f^ ^ffy^r avl, atom, i. v. a. Co lean 
•• or dtfo^ul: with in and ooc^ ee 
■octtaavft in lUmn, O^: with dol^ 
ottcra tnmalo rant acclinata, Liv. 
Fig. with ae, to imeline to a thing: 
ad eaoiam aenatna, kL rRoot cli or 
cusr, seen In decUno, incUno, reolino, 

, ao-cBris, «. •!«> -tm, ^ mn, o^/. 

[cUTQaJ rw^ a» a ktU, itoping up- 
wnnit.$ttep: ea viae pan Talde aocUvIa 
eM, dc JeeUmu: accUvo Umite, Ov.: 
fHicU^ accUroa, Liv. : bat the reading 
always dob. 

agemt: pari aedivitaCe ootUa, Caes. 

mmiokUmr: (imcota, a dweller in a 
^taoe): paator aooola ^Jne lod, Ltv. 
Fig- aowlae Oereria, i. e, roch sealoos 
vmbippen of Oerea, as almoat to be 
dwcUcra at her temple, Cic. InTadtoa, 
of a trfbatary Mream: ocf^.. Tiberim 
aoooUi flmrUa orbatnm. 

ifi^lo, o9lQi, coitmn, 3. v. n. to 
imStf or near: with Aee. (rar. with 
IM.) : lUom locom. Cic 'pa$t., fiuvina 
crebm oppldia aoooUtor, Plin. 

JMOmmSd&ti. ode. «>»<a^. <Vn»- 
y, etc (v. aeoommodattts), Qc 
Meomnftditlo* Onia, /. reccommo- 
^ItMeiUitSZe aOMingcfime thing 
taoMAer.Oc H. Fig. : Oe ooooim- 
■Mgf<iiy ^ OM'a toOl to another'i, 
ew/rfiawce, eoai|il oi »owce, tnchil^Mce: 
ex acconmodatione maglBtratauni, faL 

otoimodolHid J<(f . /Med or adapted to 
atkiitg^e^itabte^eoitformabU: with ad 
or DaL . oratio ad peiaaadendnm ace, 
Oc: qoae mihl inteUlgis esee ace, oo»- 
/tnMM< to aHf wUamt, id. 

to-omninMo, «^ etum, 1. •.«. [coo 

hd inodna;beDoe Ut. to awOce one thing 

eftkt mmt tiee and »ha^ ae another] 
toJUot adapt, to put on : with ad or 
Atf. : oaraoara libl ad caput, etc : Uteri 
aoc floaeni, Virg. Fig.: to ade^ or 
aumiwiiifiiff to: menrn oonidltnm ao- 
<*"T"~^'««**ft ad tnmn, dc Hence, aoc 
n, to adapt onetet/ to another' 9 viehes. 
U eenform to, to eoatplf wtfIA: ad 
eerom arMtriom et mitam ae ace, Id. : 
or witlkoat the praooon; peto ut el de 
hiUtatloae aoconunodee, u. U. In 
If D. to applp, or devote to, to toad : 
iMtvad okieo, UL: lapla dnUfridia 

acooouBodatoa, enmtojftd at a denti- 

ao-oommSdnti a, um, a4f. (poet. 
toraeoommodattu), with lMU.,fit, coweo- 
nient : valles aoc fhuidl, Vlrg. 

ao-0<mgirO» M<d, eftun, |. «. a. 
to carry or 5rM0 together to : PI. 

ao-^nMOt ^^ (ntom, |. v. a. (pm. 
ttM. aocredoas, FL As. 5, 2, 4) to yietd 
onct \)Aief to onolAer, L e. to Mieve 
ymeomdiXianaXtTf, Cic 

ao-«refOOi 8vl, Btum, j. ». n. to ^row 
fm^ to continue growing, to incrtatei 
vaietodo decreadL aocrescit labor, PL : 
to tweU, rite igK, fliunen sabito aocrevit. 
Cic II. Oen. with Dot.: to be Joined 
otammeaedto; poet: trimetrls aoc Jus- 
sit nomcQ lambela, Hor. 

•4)erttito, tois,/. on increating, i^ 
crement, Cic 


aooHbltXOt »ni» /• Caocubol a Mng 
or reclining (esp. at table in the Bom. 
manner} : accubltio epolaris, do. 

ftOOftntllSi lis, m.s accubltio, o 
reacting at tatle, Plln. 

ao-enbOi tU, Itum, i. v.n. to lie near 
or ^: wltli Dot.: quoi binl costodes 
semper accubant, PI. : with Ace. aoor- 
tum aooubui. Id. : with i^rod, Cic : also 
oAsot. : Furianim mazimaittxtaaocubat, 
Vlrg.: Fig., theatrom Tarp^ monU 
aocubans, for adjacent. Suet.: cadus 
qui nunc aocnbat horrels, it ttored, 
Hor. II. Esp., to rtcUne at table (in 
the Bom. manner) : Ire lloet acoubitum, 

AOCftUSt ^^' Zy^y near, PL 

a04)ftdiOf ^^t I* «• a. lit. to ham- 
mer to, Le. to/atten one piece o/wtetal 
to another hy forging: benoe, to add 
to, PL 

ao-dUnbOf ^bui, c&bltum, |. V. n. 
[Cumbo, root Cub], to lay oiiese(jf near 
or upon : In the perfect tenses, to lie 
near: with iioc: ocortum acaimhas, 
PI. But 9Mp, of the manner in which 
the Bomans (and finally even the B. 
women, VaL Max.) reclined at table, 
upon aootKh ^tricUnium, leotus tridl- 
naris), whilst tbey supported the upper 
part of the body Inr tiM left arm upon a 
cushion (or upon the bosom of the one 
nearest: hence In shraaccumbere, liv.) 
the riglit hand only being employed In 
taking food, Cic: epulis, Vinr. Since 
three persons usually reclined upon a 
ooudi, the following expressions arose : 
In Bummo (or superiorem, also supraX 
medium, and Imum (or Infira) accum- 
bere ; and the series began on the left 
side, since the guests lay supported by 
the left hand. 

teeiimiU&ti> o^- abundanay, oopi- 

aodiAiU&tto* ^^ /• [accumulo] 
a hea^pif^ up, em. of earth round the 
roott efplantt. Pun. 

MWuflliU&torf ttrt*? *k o*i< *i^ 
Aaopt wp or acctmtila<«s ; opum, Tac 

M-CamfilOi a^ atnm, i. v. a. [cu- 
mulo], to add to a heap, to heap up or 
aocumiUUt (stronger than oti^ere or 

addere) : anget, addit, accumulat, Cic 
|l. Fig. aoc caedem caedi, to heap 
murder upon murder, Lucr. 2. to 
heap earth round the roott of plantt, 
to trench up, Plln. 

aooflr&Ut adv,car^uUy,aecuratdy, 

aoeflrfttitoi finis, /. [accuro], oarc- 
fulnett, accuracy, Cic 

AOOflrfttllJIi a* um, Fart, [accurol, 
prepared with care, ttudied, exact: 
aocurata malltia, a studied artifice, PL : 
aocnrata oratio, aMeki6oratespeecA. Cic 

ac-eflXOf *vlt stum, 1. V. a. (accu- 
rasso, Is, itaeaccuravero, is. It, H.) to 
bestow care Knm, to prepare or do anjf- 
thing earrfuUy, praindium, PL Also 
of guests: to regale thew^ id.: melius 
aocnrantur, quae conslllo geruntur, Cic. 

a(HnixrOf curri (seldom ciicurri), 
cursum, 3. v.n. to run or hcuten to ; 
abeol., and with ad and in : si Inclamaro 
utacauTas,C3c: sdpraetoremaccurrit, 
id.: In Tusmlanum, Id. The pass, as 
impers., Tac. Fig. of ideas: pretent 
themtdvet, C\c 

aooumif » Us, m. a running or 
hoMtening to, a concourte : popull, Tac. 

ftOOflS&Ujiti «• o^'* [accuso] Uamo- 
worthy, reprehentible : turpituoo, Cic 

aooflS&tiU>, flnto,/. JTfcL] a complaint, 
accutation : ratio judiciorum ex aocu- 
satione et defenskme constat, Ctc The 
(. (. belonging to it are : oomparare and 
oonstitaere, kL; also Intentare, Tac: 
oapessere and exeroere, id. : fsctltare, to 
jmrsiie or urge, Cic. : aocusatione de- 
slstere, to de^t from. Id. : aocusationl 
respondero, to aiutrer it, lb. 

ft00fls&txnr» firts, m. (UL'] an aecuter 
or plaintiff^en. in a state trial (peti- 
tor, a plaintiff in a private acdKn): 
petitorit personam c^Mre, occiisatorts 
deponere, Cic ||. an if{f(frmer, a 
denouncer ( s delator), SueU Juv. 

aoofls&wlldt ^K^v. of ter the manner 
of an aecuter, i. e. with exaggeration : 
Latine me, sdtote, non accuaatorie 
loqui, Cic : where Latine, plainly or in 
plain Englith, as we should si^, Is op- 
posed to aocnsaiorie. 

aOOlU&tdlillli a. um, a^i. [aocuaa- 
tor] pertaining to an aecuter, accusa- 
tory: lex, Cic. 

aoottlitriz. ids, /. [id.] a female 

aOOfllXtO. are. i. v. freq. [accuso] 
to aocta« repeaiedly, PI. 

ao-OtLWf (*l>o with ss) svl, atimi, i. 
V. a. Tad and causa, like coneludo from 
eteuido'] to call one to account, to re- 
proach, Uame : with two ace one being 
aneut.pron.: ipsnm vero quid accuses ? 
Cic : or only of the person : roe tibi 
excuso In eo ipso, In quo te accuso. id. 
Of things : to blame or find fault with : 
alla\)us desperatlonem, kL H. tooaU 
one to account publiclu, to indict or 
arratj^ : legal (. (.. (aiiquem aliaijut 
ret) : nunquam ammtus alterum accu- 
saret, kL : but other constructions occur : 
hoc crimlne, Nep. : de vl, do benefidis. 
eto., Cic : inter skarioa, kL : the word 



denoting the tnmiahment, as well as 
that denoting the alme^ is put In Gen. : 
capitis aoc, (ooocvse qfa capital crime, 

ac8o» ^> >• ^' ^' *o be 9our (of 
wine) : Cato. [ac, i^orp or »our.] 

&0«ri 6ria, n. (unoe In Servlua, f. 
fooml only In nom. and jpm. stiij^.X the 
maple-tree^ Vlin. The wood used Iot 
writing-tableu : vile, Ov. 

AoeTi cris, ere, a^. (m. acrls, Enn. ; 
/. acer, Naev. and EInn. ; acroa, a, uzn, 
PalL) pointed. Aarp, piercing: acri- 
bus annis, Lucil. Esp. i4)pUed to the 
aenaea and their ol^ts : <^f7. dax- 
xlina, pungent^ piercing. 1. Of the 
ilgut: acerrimus aensus videndl, Cic 
2. Of the hearing: auriummen- 
sara, qnod eat acrius Judicium et oertlus, 
id. 8. Of amell: summaetacenima 
suavitate, Id. 4. Of taa te : acrl sto- 
macho, an acid ftomod^ Hot. 5. Of 
sensation In gen.: $karp, severe: ac 
hlems, Hor. : morbus, PL : sitls, Tib. 
It. Applied to the passions : eager, 
vAementf jpastionate, biting: dolor, 
Virg. m. Of the Intellect and 
its conoepUons : suMIe, acKfe, Jo^ociottt : 
memoria. ttrong. r^entive, Cto. : vir acrl 
ingaiio. id. IV* f m o r a 1 qualities. 
1. In a good sense : acHve, ardent, 
eager, brave, Mealota: acres mllitea, 
etc. : civis «cerrimus, on ardent pa- 
triot,ld. Alsoofanlmals^aocrequus, 
Virg. : acres canes, Cic fi. In a bad 
sense : hasty, paaUmate, vident, severe : 
uxor aoerrima, PL y|. Of abstract 
things : acerrimnm bellum, Cic : acres 
syllabae, whidi proceed from short to 
long, Qmnt Construction: with in 
and obt. acer In gcreudis rebus, Cic ; 
with abl. alone, belUs aoer Halesua, 
Virg. : with gen., acer mlUtiae, Tac 
Adv. acriter (and acre). Comp. acrius. 
Sup. acerrlmo (v. acriter). [Prob. root 
AC, seen in ficuo, ftdes, in spile of the 
difference of quantity ; v. ociio. From 
this comes the Fr. aigre, and our eager, 
as tnm macer, iMai^.l 

Koerbdi odv. ro%tghly, skarply, bit- 
terly: ac sevem« in flliimi, Cic: si 
aoerbius inoplam (i. e. cibl) ferrcnt, with 
too much difficulty or vain. Suet. 

ioePbItai,liti8./.t««rbuB5, harsh- 
ness, acerbity, the soumeu qf unripe 
■fruits: Plln. Fig.: fructns magna 
ecerbitate permixtos, Cic. ||, Fig. 
hardiness, rigour, meroseness (opp. to 
comitas, tenitas, eteJ) : severitatom pro- 
Ira, acerbitatem uullu modo, id.: acer- 
bltas et i^unde sails, satiriaU severity, 
i^int. Also, bitterness, I. e. Ut-feeling : 
dlsscnslo sine acerbitate, Cic. 2. *o^ 
row, pain, anguish, calamity, hardr^ 
ship: omnes acerbitates perfem:, id. 

BOerbOi A^ atum, I. V. a. [id.^ 
to maJlos harA or bitter, to embiUer: 
lit. and/(7. 1 gaudla, Stat. ||. to aug- 
*n«fit or aggravate anything disagree' 
ible : fonnldinc crimen acerbat, Virg. 

ftoerbllSt a, um, adfj. unripe : pirum, 
Varr. : hence, 1. outer, har^ sour; 
M^eptuni corpus aoerbum, Lucr. 2. ^^^ 


timdy, premature; ftmere menitaoer> 
bo, Viig. 3. ui^nished, crude ; im- 

Siiitae res et aoerboe si emnt relictae, 
c II. Applied to sounds: harA, 
qruff, wHXt : serrae strldentis aoerbnm 
norroran, Lucr. |||. Denoting human 
qualities: rough, rapuleive, morose, vio- 
lent, etc : acerboa mlmlcoe, dc : aoer- 
blaalmos hostis. Id. |V. Denoting 
the qualities of things : harsh, bitter, 
severe, arievous, troubiesome, etc. : aoer* 
bum tngus, Hor. : aoerblssima vezatio, 
dc Hence aoerbnm f^ua (diff. ftom 
above), a bitter, pointful death, dc: 
also in an active sense : mors acerba, 
ajg^icting, paiitful, i.e. to others, Nep. 
As a Bubst. aoeitum, i. n., calamity, wUs- 
fortune, Ov. : Virg. : acerba, n. plur. 
adv., Virg. [Root ac, and most prob. 
through Boer: the term, •ims a -ma is 
seen in snpertnis.] 

ftoemni, a» «m, o^;. nicer] madeqf 
mapit: trablbus acemls, v irg. 

aoeirai *^ /• [prob. for actrwi, ac. 
arcula, firom acer maple] an incense bo», 
a censer, Virg., Hor. 

ioervftlilf ^ <i<^> [aocTvusI Aeofied 
upmsffupeinif, an argument by accu- 
mulation, Cic 

koervfttixilt *^^' L^-l ^ accumula- 
tion, in heaps : confertos Ita acerv. mors 
aocumuIiUjat, Liior. Hence H. Fig. 
» summatim, in a mass, summarily: 
aoer. reliqua dicam, dc: multa acer. 
froquentans, crowding together many 
thoughts in one period, kL 

|U)erV0t *^> atum, I. V. a. [aoervua] 
to heap or pile up, to amass, Plin. 
Fig., to aoc«m«<a<e, to multiply: leges, 

ioenmSt i, m. a heap (esp. of things 
of the same kind) : frumenti. Pi. : acervi 
oorporam,Cic; pecuniae, id. : and. Fig. 
aoervi fM^iKMrum, Cic ||> ^^ <^* 
lectica, 1. 1., an argument by aocusnu- 
lation (cupeCnif), Cic 

aeeaoo. •cul, j. v. tiwep. [aceo] 
to turn sour, Hor. 

ftoit&biUiim* i* «• [acetnm] orlg.. 
a veueljor ^rineaar; hence any small 
vessel. Quint. As a liquid or dry mea- 
sure, the fourth part af a hemlna, Plin. 
a jugglers cup. Sen. IT In ansPUmur, 
the socket of tke Ai^-bone, Plin. 2. in 
loology, the suckers qf polypi, id. 
3. In botany, Me ctfp offUneert, id. 

ftoit&riftt Inni, n.plu. [acetum] sc 
olera, ve^^etoMes prepared with vinegar, 
a salad, Plin. 

ftoStimit L n. [orlg. Part., fVvm aoeo] 
litTMcome sour, hence sc, vinum, sotcr 
wine, vinegar : acre, Hor. : mubram 
aoeti, vinegar mead, a Rom. drink, v. 
mulras. II. Fig. wit, shrewdnas, 

, Idis. /. an amber- 
ured plant in Inaia, used in mor 
gical arts, Plln. 

&0}uurn$» e», A a sea-fA, PUn. 

&on&t6ti M, m. and /., on agate, 

iohgt>> ae, m. (sounding), the larger 
fining cicotia or grasshopper, PUn. 


fcehilliaf m,/. a oenus of planti, 
including several apeaas ; the same as 
achilleoa, Plln. 

ftohiUtett L/. sc. berba, a medi^ 
einal plant, milfoil, Viia. 

aomiSt «>./^a wild beast qf Soon" 
dinavia^ moat probably the elk, Plin. 

idldulllft ■> nm, a4j- a little sour^ 
sourish : addnlo aapore, Plin. 

fioldni, a, am, a4^. [aoeo] Mwr, 
tart, acid: addiasimnm acetum, PI.: 
adda creta, dialk stewed in vinegar. 
Mart. ll,Flg.Aorp,biting,disagree- 
able, hasih: invlsum acldumque, uor. 
rAo-idas and ao4itua are both derived 
hom the root AC,shairp; but the former 
means, sharp to the ta^; the latter, 
sharp to the toudi : et. aceo and acuo.] 

&Qltet ^/* iO«n. also acU and acieu 
Uke diianddie, fadl and Cade, fhmi diea» 
fades'): tbtpidnt at edge of a weapcm : 
ades nastae, Ov. : aecniium, dc Fig. 
aciem auctoritatlii, id. ||. Of the sense 
of sight. 1. feeennesi qf eye, sharp- 
sighteimess: oculomm ades, Dicr. : 
Caea. Fig. bri(^ness, glittering: 
stelUs ades obtusa videtur, Virg. 
2. thept^qf the eye: ades ipsa, quae 
papilla vocator Cic : and poet for lile 
eye : gemlnaa flecte ades, Virg. 3. o 
looking at an ciiiect, view : prima ade, 
<U frst sif^, Loicr. Il|. acuteness <f 
understanding, pendrahon, genius, al- 
ways with Oen.: ades humanl ingrail, 
dc IV. In mUltarylang.,(Ae baai«- 
orrt^, Imt qf battU: ades deoem co 
hortium, dc : hostium ades, Caes. : 
{vimaades hastati erant, the van, iks 
iirstUne,lAv.: ab mvissima ade, /toot 
the rear, id.: dezt» ades, the ri^^ 
wing, id. : also, anarmfin battlearray; 
Inter duas ades ocmtenidebatur, Caes.: 

rina magls quam ades pu^udiant, 
armies fouakt rather in marching 
order, than in battle array, Liv. : ente- 
dally in ooonection with the verb in* 
stniere ; adem instrnzlt, he drew upthe 
army in battle array, dies. Of ships, 
Nep. Of cavaby, Ltv. Fi g. <^ a con- 
flagration, ades Vulcania, Virg. 2* a 
baMle, engagement tsspiuma: in ade 
PharsaUca, Cic 8. Fig. a verbal 
contest, disputation: philosc^rfios qui 
in adem noo saepe prodeuut. dc 
ades ferti, sted, Plin. [Root ac, 
•, as In amis, ixpot, cuaSnf .] 
T. adnua. 

ia, vs» the short sabre qftks 
Persians, Meda, and Scythians^ a sci- 
mitar, Hot., Curt [Peialan dhesi, ** Iroo." 
wiUi the diminutive termination, eit 
dhenek, <*a short sword."] 

iemoit L /.Kfluctvov, a fragrant 
plant, the wOdbasa, PUn. 

iOnimiBt »» «n», a4j.fuU qfgrapet, 
PUn. II. retemMMia grajoes, id. 

any juicy berry with seeds, not a stone, 
eq>. the grape. Plln. : but also of ivy. 
kL II. The kemd (seed, stone, etc) 
Ml (he berry, do. 

ftolpenier. ^Hb and &clpenfiif % 
m^ a fMh hiffidy tsteemei by tht Mo- 




bj Covier to be the 
or AaTiBe<ni of theEiudiM, Ck. 

witkomHabtmr, PUa, 

Hgmltam, i. i«« a poiaonout plant, 
wt^a-bemt^ wumk'a-kood, aamiU, Vlrg. 
Stvnal plantB aeem to be ooofomided 

imntlBeff inun, /. pUu wutton or 
^mtn^f-ttan, witk daH44ke traimt, 

Mpm, -as, i, m. or ftoSpoilt -^m, 
L*. (tooAfrig weartneis, pam, etc.), a 
imi ^ ftofie, perh. oytitMim quarts 
arapar, FUn. H. loopom (<e. medi- 
itam or nogiwDtam), a aootking 

0ri8» m. [aoeal a jour or aieid 
HTiMtt.- Quint. Fig. PUn. 

ieonuif M,/. a kind cf tkitUe, PUn. 

MllU, I, /. and fto5nim, l, «•. <m 
•roMotu; dIohI, tki tuwetjlag, Plin. 

acNqiiSMOO* 8vl, 6tum, j. t». l^ lit, 
Co bsoomu pkytioatt/jf quid, to repoK or 
nitf:(Rsbi>nsacqiiieTCf«m,Clc Fig.: 
of lUngt : rem Cuniiiarem acqoieaoore, 
te fCMom unaUerHi, fio( to te <Kmi- 
sMad, Llr.: and eopbemistleallir to 
dte: annoaoqaierltaeptuageitino^Nep. 
BeuBt in eptuplia : me AOQvnaciT, ttc. 
p. Fig.: aa applied to feelings or 
oftekaa: tobeat wfi or «aa0.* 
kaatur^ledar Bleaaed; toocfMieMein, 
t»mt to (in CIc moatlj with in: in 
hlar writers, with Dot. or -^IM.) : in qua 
aeq[aicacam,Ctc.: withJU.or2ta<.: qni 
Oadii morte aoqniCTanL Id. : ad velut 
crandoacqnieadebat, kad/aitk in, Soet. : 
ta <|innn ea cotnmoCas aoquieadSL assen- 
tfrii, a^irobas (where note the cUmazX 

fC<a3lOi '^ dtnm, i. «. a. [qoae- 
fojlit. to 9eek in addition to: nenoe 
fe add to, to acquire (aa an addi- 
tfaoX with ad or IMU. : quid est qiiod 
ad TitA» frnctom poaait aoquiri f Cic. : 
tmm vim ocquirit eiuxlo, Vlrg. ||. 
Gtu. ; to (fU, obtaitt, proem*, or pro- 
yUt: amiooe. SalL JH. AbsoL: to 
aeqmira or amaa rieka or monojf: 
aajult eodi inaatisMIe votmn. Jar. 

Omm, w. plu, alao aa, /. a 
ir, or faKKUawd, Plin. 

a, mn, ath. occupying a 
htigkt, an epithet of Jnpiter and nf 
Jne^ whose temples stood on hei|^ta» 

■^bMww Mrd, the iAaJVtryv&r of Aratua, 
Ck. : ace to some, tko tknuh or owl : 
aoc to oChera, a niffktingaU. 

JCTfgflhlft *t ^i>»« ^' ^^^"^ U^^l 
$omemkat iharp, testy i acriculas seuex, 

ierixDdlllA* ■•»/• rioerl sfcotpnett, 
or pmngtmcy; ci senable thlncp^ wbe- 
Iker ag PM w bl e or disagreeable : (wxr- 
Mof «ilj of what is disagreeable) : 
Quo; PUn. ||. Fi^. intoOeetuoi or 
mmtal Aarpness or ^oroe .* Olobrionis 
pstrfs Tim ct aortmoDiam, Cte. 

iaSXat, odo. tkarpljf, m h tmm tly . 

aattdy, tealoutly: Cic; Caes. Comp, 
acrios, Liicr., I^r. : Superl, acerrime, 

terMlll&« fttis, fl. anytking kecard 
with pUaaurt, as a piece of music, a 
redtaUoo, or a play: quod acr. Mit 
ci^ Tooem lubentisBime andiret, Cic 
II. Hence, Met. ike performary or 
reeUer; also, a buffoon: non aofum 
spectator, sed actor et acr., Cic 

iorMfiBf ^f' a hearing, a liken- 
ing tot an assembly of the teamed to 
hsar a discourse : in acroasi legere, Cic 
II. the discourse delivered btfore 
radk on ossemMy ; plurimas acmasfg 

&or6o8rail2lIa« Omm, n. olu. (a pro* 
montonr in the Ionian sea : hence) any 
piaee dangerous to mariners: hoecAcro- 
ceraunia vita. Or. 

aetat Oram, n. piu. of part, [ago] 
used subst. I. what has been dme^ 
acts, eq)eciall7 those of magistrates ami 
other pobUcftinctlonaries: actACaesaris 
defenditia, Cic ||, a record qf any 
hind qf enenU^ acta senatns, tkt pro- 
ceedings qftheSencUe: acta diuma, also 
called acta urbana, publica, etc, a 
newnaper ptMished daily at Rome: 
habeoam acta urban* usque ad nonas 
Martias, Cic: acta forensia, Ugal re- 
ports: acta milltaria,yeget. : hence, ab 
aotia, a keeper o/reeords, a registrar. 

MTta* se, /. the seorthore, esp. as a 
place of recreation: in acta Jaoebat 

Mtfteat ». /• « ttrong-smelling 
plant, herb Christopher, Plin. 

aeWf M, /. a shrtA employed for 
curing dropsy, dane^wort, PUn. 

aettOi Oni«. /. [ago] a doing, per- 
forming, action (in gen.) : actio divina, 
Cic With OenUive, L where gen. 
^a4). : ad eaa res parandas, quibus act. 
vitae oontinetnr, vital action, L e. 
active life, id.; and, 2. where gen. 
asaoc alter a rerb: aperta act. remm 
illarum, the public performance, doing 
of thoee things, id. : hence, act. grstli^ 
rum, the giving of thanks, id. : French. 
action de grdoes, ||. piMic func- 
tions, or duties. 1. 1 n ge n. : actiones 
trUMmorum, their official duties, Liv. 
Hence, negotiation, deliberation: act. 
de pace, Cfc : political measures or 
proaeedings, addrenes of the magis- 
trata to the people : improbitas et legis 
et actionis tuae, id. 2. In Isw, an 
action, suit, process with a defining 
Oen., e, g, actio (iirti, ii^Juriarum, for 
thrft, assauU, etc. : also with de: actio 
de repetundis, de arboribus sucdais, 
eto.; acUonem alicui intendere, Cic. : in- 
sUtuere, id., to bring an action against 
any one. Hence in gen., a legal for- 
ntula, or form qfproceu: actiones Ma* 
niUauae, forms relative to purchase 
cmd sale : the speech (oral or written) 
<f the proseeuiar: thus Cic. calls his 
oratt. against Verres, actiones: per- 
mission to bring an action: dare alicui 
acticniem (whidi was the office of the 
pnetor), Cic ||J. getticulation, do- 

livery, or action of aa orator, or actor, 
id. : often including the voice : act. ^Jus 
habebat et in voce magnum splendorcm, 
et In motn summam dignitatem, id. 
ly . tke action, or plot of a pU^. 

EOtltO* si^ I* v.freq. [ago] to ac< or 
plead frequently (<mly ox lawsuits and 
dramas) : multaa jHivatas causas, Cic t 
tragoecUas, id. 

EOtiLimeiUa* m» /• dim. [actio] a 
thort judicial harangue^ Plin. 

aotfV1UI» *( lun* a4f. [sgo] active: 
phiiosophia act., |>racttear(opp. to con- 
tempbulve), Sm. : Quint. 

aotOTi Oris, m. [id.] one wAo dncet 
or sets in wwtion: act. pecoris, Ov. 
II. In gen. he who does or accom- 
ptiskes anything: Oelo dux, auctor, et 
actor illarum rerum ftiit, Cic 2. 
Legal t. t.,one who brings an action, 
a plaintiff. In a public action, the 
actor was usually called oocusotor, in a 
private oinse, p^titor : accusatorem pro 
omni actore et petitora appello, Cic. 
8. Hence one who manages the pro- 
secution, id.: also an advocate in gen. 
4. an agent or attorney, a steward: 
act. publicus, he who administere the 
public property, Tac ; act. sumniarum, 
an accountant or cashier, Suet. t||. 
Rhet. (. t., one who delivers an oration, 
an orator, Cic. 2. ^ t^Tf^t an actor : 
actores maloe in theatro perpeti, id. 

aotii&zIdlllXlli U **• dtm. a smaU 
swift vessel impelled by oars, Oc 

aetftftrllUi •( um, a^j- [actus] that 
which is easuy moved, swift, agile: 
navis, a aw\ft sailing thip, Caes. : oavi- 
glum, id. : also actnarla, or actuarium, 
oAsot., Cic 

aotUlim, i, «. scrtba, m. [actus] 
a short-hand xontar, Snet. ||. a clerk, 
book-keeper, or registrar. Aur. V. Caca. 

Mtftoiif «do. actively, vivaciously, 

aotftdffUf » ft, urn, 04;. [actus] fuU 
of activity, very active : virtus act. (est), 

aotOit ft» vin. Part, of ago : v. acta. 

aotOit fl*i **• [sgo] a moving or 
driving, an impulse : magno aciu, Vlrg. 
Hence, L the right of driving either 
cattle or aariages through a place, a 
thorough-fare: aquaeductus, baustus, 
iter, actus, Cic Meton. 2. a road 
betu>^nfdds. 8. a measure or piece 
of land : actus minimus, iio feet long 
and 4 feet broad: quadratus, too feet 
square ; and dupUcatus, 240 feet long 
and 1 20 feet broad, Varr. : also a division 
in a beehive, Plin. ||. the doing or 
performing of a thing, on act, perform- 
ance: non solum in recUs sed etfem in 
previs actlbus, Cic. |||. p'Mie busi- 
ness, esp. nuUcial : actus rerum. Suet 
IV. the action or ddietry of an 
orator or of a player : motua est In bis 
orationis et actus, Quint. 2. <m oct 
of a drama: neve minor neu sit qointo 
prodiictlor actu fabula, Hor. : and Fig. 
extremus act. aetatis, Cic 

ftotfttoxn* adv. temp, [actus] imme- 
diately, quickly, instantly (In Plant 





frequent^ but rare in sabaeq. wi;}tera) : 
redibo actoUun, PL : dc. : Ur.: cetera 
reditot actutum piut AeiMaa, Vlrg. 

ioW&tllft A» urn, a^j. [Muleiul 
furnitked wUk ttiitfft or prtddes (of 
animals and plants) : ac. ictus, a ptmc- 
turemadebsfaitntg^VMn, Fig. JL 
itinffingt ^uarp: litorae, Cic 8. 
tutMe : aeuleata st^hismata, id. 

koflUhlBt 1, m. [Prob. a dim. from 
•COS, although the gender Is agidust it : 
cf. equuleos, hinnuleus] a itinq. \, 
Of animals : ai^ acuL, C^. Also, the 
ipur o/fowU^ Ck>L 8. Of plants: a 
iuine or prieUe : spinanun, Plin. 8. 
Ct sn arrow or dart: the point, liv. 
II. F i g., of discourse, conduct, etc. ; 
eltbor in a good or bad sense : acuieoe 
in animis, de^ impret$ion$, Cic. : aculei 
oontumeliarum, the sHngi o/* soroom, 
id.: omnes istos aculeos relinqnamns, 
oU Ouae very sharp argumenU. id. 

f^iqgfif Inis, n. facuol a uuxrpened 
point : conl, Lucr. : suli, Cic. : auspidum 
ex acnminibos, <m omen from tke shin- 
iiMpoinUqf^pearifid. 2,Tkeiting 
of an animaXi soorpil, id. I|. Aarp- 
vas or pungency (of taste), Plm. F i g. 
of the miiod, like acles: aetUeneu, 
tiurewdnat: ingeniorum ac, Cic In 
Flur.: serus enim Orseds admovit 
acumina chartis, Hor. 2. ctmntny, 
tubtlety : ac. Hyperidls, Cic S./raudy 
deceit: meretricis acumina, Hor. 

ftotbnXxiOt ftvt, atum, i. v.o. (o make 
pointed, to tkarpen, Plin. 

ietiOf nlf atom, J. V. a, [ac, v. ades] 
to make iharp or pointed, to whet : acu* 
tis sudibus, with Aarpened stakes. Can. 
II. Fig. to Aarpen, exercise, im- 
prove: ac linKuam excerdtaUone di> 
cendi, Cic 2. ecoere aliquera (some- 
times ad aliqnid), U> nur on, incite: ad 
cnidelitatero, id. 8. Of thinp: to 
rouse up, kindle, excite (mostly poet): 
Aeneas acoit Martem, e»eUet valour, 

ftoill* i> «»• a kind of seorfsk with a 
pointMsnout, the hom-or gar-pike, Plin. 

&C11Si As, /. Fac, t. adesj a needle 
orpin: ecu punctum,Cic: acu pingere, 
to embroider, Virg. H. Fig., acu 
rem tangere, to hit the nauon the head, 
to be rifit, PL 

&OlItSi adv. acutely, tharply, keenly, 

ftofttiUaSi ** nm» <»&'• dim. [acutus] 
tomewhat powted or subtle, Cic 

ftcfltUt A, um. Port, racuo] sAarp«n- 
ed; alio, Adj. sharp, pointed: ac culter, 
PI. : acutisfiimis vslUs, Cues. 2. Fig. 
of objects aflfeding the senses : Aarp, 
acute, violent, severe: lltuus sonitus 
effbndit acntos, sharp or trMe ntOes, 
Hor. : ac odor, ac sapor, etc., Plin. : ac. 
Bol,«oorcAtii9, Hor. Subs t. acuta, oram, 
n. plu^ ac belli, the perils of war, id. 
8. Of intellectual quaUttes: aeuU, 
inUUigent, sagacious : homo ac magls 
quam eruditus, Cic Hence, Fig. ac 
' the acorn pf D^ hfAv^ 

quam eruaicus, 
\ nar^ajliM nosk 



ftdi prep, with Asc. for euphony some 
times written ai. Andently. ar, e. g, 
arveho, arbiter, arcesso (q. v.) So : ar 
me advenia& PL : and in Inscriptt. ar- 
fuerunt, at/uisse. As antith. to a6 (as 
in to ex), ad denotes, first, direction 
towards an ol^)ect dther toitAout or «0»(4 
motion; then the reaching of or attain- 
ing to it ; and, finally, toe being at or 
near it. 

A. In space : |. Direction towards 
without rooti(m : to, towards : oftm of 
geog. position, with the verbs jaoero. 
vergere, spectare, etc. : Oidlia veigit ad 
s^temtriones, Caes. ||> Dira^on 
towards lottA motion, and dther with 
or without the idea of arrival, towords, 
to, against: ad quemvis nnmemm 
equitum quamvis paud adire audent, 
id. 2. With iho idea of arrival : to, 
even to, with or without usque : usque 
ad castra hostium sooeasit, Caes. : qunm 
sudor ad imos manaret talus, Hm*. Fig. 
deverberasse usque ad neoem, Ter. 
Without usque : viigis ad necem caedL 
Cic. Hence the whole space traversed 
is indicated by the words dependent on 
ab and ad; the former marking the 
point of departure, the second tlutt of 
arrivaL Ad me, te, eto.sdomnm 
meam, tuam, etc.: te oro, ut ad me 
Vibonem statim venias, Cic Some* 
times domum in expreesed : neque do- 
mum unquam ad me Utteras mittam. 
Id. A proper name Is similarly em* 
ployed: magnl domum ooncursus ad 
Afraniunr flebant, to the house of Afrou- 
niu», Caes. Ad, with the name of a 
deity in the (Jen., is elliptical for ad 
templum or aedem : ad Opis, Cic : ad 
Vestae, Hor. With names of towns, ad 
is used with verbs of motion, instead of 
the simple Ace profectns sum ad Ca- 
puam, quintoque anno post adTaren* 
tum, Cic Ad is always used when the 
name is Joined with another subst. : ad 
Cirtam opfridum iter constitnunt. Sail, 
fioth oonstr. are used by the poets: 
sd doctas profldsd cogor Atbenas, Prop. : 
doctas Jam nunc eat, inqnit, Athenas, 
Ov. }^^Ytoj\nilXyi=.smQA.\ neaxto, 
by, at, amona: sol quasi fugitaUH* astat 
usque ad ostium, stands like a dun con' 
tinuaUyatthedoor,Vl.: ad forum ease, 
to be at the market, id. Hence, ad 
laevam or sinistram (le. manum, par- 
tem), eidverb. on the ^ft Aavid, on tke 
l^t, Ter. : and with an ordinal num- 
ber : cum plebes ad tertinm milliartum 
oonsedisset^ at the third milestone, Cic 
Ad urbem esse, was said of generals 
who remained outside the gates of Rome 
until permission was given for a tri* 
umph ; and also of those ^ypointed to 
militaiy or provindal commiands. Just 
previonsly to their setting out to niter 
upon their duties, Cic Even of per* 
sons: among, mf ore tsztpad: ad iu* 
dices sic agi solet, id. Frequentiy with 
proper names of placea: ad veioB terror 
multiplex erat, Liv. : eq>edally with 
the word pugna: pugna ad Trebiam, 
ad Tnsfmonum, ad Cumas, elc 

B. In time, analogous to the rela- 
tions ||. and III. in A. 4. Direction 
towards, i.«. approach to a definite point 
of time: about, towards: dcAnum re- 
ductus ad vesperum, about eeenxng^ 
Cic II. The limit to whidi a qpaoe 
of time extends, with or without uaque : 
umtil, enm to, up to: usque ad banc 
aetatem. Pi.: 8(H>hocles ad snnunam 
senectatem tragoedlas fedt, Cic Hence 
the whole pcaiod is defined by the words 
dependent on a5, or afr usque, and ad ; 
the former marking its beginning, the 
latter its end: an hora fere quarte 
usque ad soils oocasum, Caes. |||. A 
point of time either past or ftiture: at^ 
on, in, by .* ad homm destlnatam, at the 
appointed hour. Oc, 

0. The relations of number. 
I. An approximation to a certain 
sum : near, almost, about (Fr. prh de, 
h peu prh, preeque, etc): ad quadnr 
ginta eam posse emi minas. Pi. : also 
sometimes with quad: quad ad quadnr 
ginta minas, id.: sane frequentes tai- 
mus omnino ad duoentos, Cic In the 
histt. and post^Ang. authora ad is added 
adverbially in this sense; ocdsia ad 
homhram milUbus quatnor, Caes. p. 
The terminus, the limit: to, even to 
(rare): aedem Junonis ad partem di- 
midiam detegit. even to the heJf, Liv. : 
ad assem, to tke last farthing, Hor. 
The phrase ad unum omnes, or simplj 
ad unum, means all together, aU with- 
out eaaceptiont omnes ad unum idem 
sentiunt, Cic. I||. An addition : ad 
Fbleriorum Pyrrhive proditoron, ter- 
tium transfhgis documentiim easet^ a 
third example to deserters, in additum 
to the traUort of FoMrH amd qf 
PyrrhuM, Liv. 

O. In all the manifold relations of 
one obiject to another. |. With verba 
which imply a reference to any one, or 
which denote s<»nething done for hbn : 
as those of giving, sending, informhif^ 
submitting, etc., ad with ooc is fk«- 
auently used in a sense diSterent from 
uat of the Alt. in connection with the 
same verbs : literas dare ad aliquem^ 
to send or write one a letter; butlilens 
dare aUcui^Kto give a letter to one, 
L e. tnto his own hands : ad me ex 
Aegypto Utteras midt, dc Hence 
mittere or seribere librum ad aUquem, 
to dedicate a book to one: quae insti* 
tueram, ad te mittam. Id. So in titles 
of books : M. Tulli Ctcenmis ad Mar- 
cnm Brutum Orator, etc. In the titles 
of odes and epigrams ad aliquem signi- 
fies to, addmied to, and in aliquem, 
against one. But there is often no dis- 
tinction between a Dat. and ad with 
an Aec.: ad Q. Fulvium Hirpini dedl-> 
derunt sese, Liv. ||. with regard to. 
Ml r«ipeee of , as to. L With verbs: 
ad omnia alia aetate santanns rectiui^ 
in respect to all other things we grow 
wiser by age, Ter. 2. With a4)ectives : 
whore aa^sifor, ^f, to: ad ntionem 
solertiarnqne pr a a s tantior, dc. : locum 
ad ^redlendion idoueum, Caes. 8. 

aid*!*, Uc Bo wttb tiM Otrtnut In- 
■d KTllvjldiUB, td. AppUfd la penoiu. 

■rtanni iliRlt 

8. /"■ "I 
Id tfperirm u 

■I pbrHca wlih od. (. 

Me. V. ^ lampn: ol a difiiilr, 

VL Ad (2™^?«e^™™t, 

Tk. Ad pnsnUwn u ilnillirl; uinl.' 
Id. Vlt Ad hxam, m U: tyn. Llv, 
Vn. Ad ntbum. •n.nlJW nTd, 
Um[7,»rA»r<,Clc IX.AdHun- 
DU) : «• Uw iriolc. in DCxtnll, Id, : 

tt Uc ml, >iuUil : (a) DTplm : oi 

kmm euujiu, 'Ut. {fi) Of limii ; 
atlaif.CK. HeuciMa^Aif.ftiaa), 
l»«t> .. dniqiH, M. 8,1b Uv^ 
■Mty. Kib — omnlna. XI. Ad 
^pm, lit. Is a nail: bnics, siicl[|[, 
■emrdrlyrv Ad unflonn Cictiu boma, a 

F. -U )• Miaili an placed ■fur III 

0, lo compoBlllon. Accurdlnc 
N Ik* amil artbciflnffer, Ur d of ad 

f abd t It icraieUnwf dlfapptan j ag- 
aign if.: Ad Id nmpwiuiai Hllb Tctba 

IH mur^AHX (/; anloBcfl, rxUte (o 
iHariiig or Kting anTlGlii). It aJi 
deiuUia the bcglniib^ of an acUon i 
CDiallllDi], aa, addormln, lo/oU oilwf 
ani iDEaul^^ aa, adHiiare, io itve pa. 

"um&O, Onla./. radigo] lit, a !*<>«■ 

ifw 07 itriviHe tA bencs cvmn/tuH. 

Uactnii •. wo.i^irt.ofadlgD, q.Y, 
UAOtUi lU. «■ a fcriaiifng (o, an 

a/>pJiuUwn : dentil adactui, a bittf 

li^tava, odr. n mc nunntr, 
tguaUn, JO, Plafll, 
U-Mqno, aii, atom, i. v. a. and ■- 

iK. iDdc^.wlihnai.-fluinuiivlr- 
li>u[(.rnuiamadaaqiunt,Ctc. S.Id 

!>Fa. S. ,<Uwf,. to Ik lyuJ- •""■ 

ada«qua>ll. Ui tBUioflhc equlumm 

ld.*»rtro. '•'U •liiDi. 1, B, a, 

id^QUED, arr, i. >, a. I» W»d or 

[Obaervfl (bo npetlUon oT the pnOx In 
-hla word : a|,llgo=od-ligo,] 
UftmanUlUi a. om. ot^'- ^adu- 

lence fig, ai kari at iii^ Crr' 
UftmailtlniUi >, utn, iii^,'^ata- 

Uftmu. iDilt, iii.^(jix.' ainayi 
Ir. adamanu)^DU,i« (iDHnclblt), 

8, FIf ■ of liataulBT: karJ, 

II, I 


, II, to 

irio. uljjrauii, 4. o. a, (not 
torn, tlv, : HUperla on, Ov'. 

H.aiom, 1, ». a. [Mtu^ 

aim, I. V. dtp, la fttt\ 

<rj term), Cata. 

a, nm, Cart, [adangeoj 

U^IlcJh), il, clmn. 1. o. a. lo te- 

crEaacorav^isil: haic maleBda adau. 

U-Ul(eMO. ^t.i.ifin]!. Ill (Hgin 

M-UbOi hibl, blUtom, i. t, a. la 
(bin* (atrotigcr ihan blbervV' quanla 
adtaltaro, aUudlabu, PL Plfr. (dUt« 
pnropKlore TBblk Hof. [Hen« Ilal. 

Bd-Mta, «™. 1. •, S-'lUlo] la miH 

■do. for wurda hcglnnlcg tliiii. v. tec. 

Ad-diort, f™, 1, T. iiBfm. il I*. 
unatJ, il ii/l, wlih Jcc,^ H, Al«, 
iHitteawnwr^. iiujKidiito.ld. 

Ad-denHo, V. (cg, 

■d-dsaio. are, i, v, a, to maW 
lej. addrnaanl) aein, Vlrj. 

Ad-dlWi "I. clnm, ). v. a. (Imp. 

loai^i,^. I, 6raii<mien. (o^^ 

J«l avM: Fablo aniplonU aws non 

diRntlbni auipldli, Tac. ||, Ltgal' 
I.; aUcuIlUqncniDrallqoU.Kiaiiari! 

to ym for paymeiit, Id.: bona 

Ca«.r B. ■dT^Ucul' JuSumT to 

■dd. Uum. (c.ludlcl, lo auign a cavil 
Id njuda. TLla waa Ihe otks of Ihs 
praetor. |||. In aucUonar la laiock 
OBKH la, la arriarc Ae ti^Aat Wddo- 
f\ipurc\<wr(»lth the price hi,,tU.) : 

: targalni : umnmo U addken. Hoi. 

IV, G«n. to auian. to walx uivr, 

l(«».:mortl.Clc, fl™«. Lie*: 

1 torr^Are, obgadon: cujus PAngumna 
■ddUuO, Old>,/. McdHiinlora^uJ 




[Tf^ suMl. (v. addloo no. II.) one 
mode oner to ki$ eredUer for debt: add. 
Hermippo, Clc The addictiu, or bond- 
man, was not « slave ; his inpemuitai 
was only in suspense. 8. Met. 
forced, compeUed: addictns fanrt. Hot. 

II. knocked doum to in auction* (v. 
addioo, no. |l|.): addictis decumls. Oc 
Fig., preuo habere addictam fldem, 
to Mve his good faith eotdfor money, 
id. III. Assigned or devoted to a 
thimr (v. addioo, no. |V.)> L <<«»- 
tiwdto: gladlshriioffeneri mortis add., 
id. 8. Inclined^ addicted : Soet. 

ad-^400t didici, no perf. part. ). v.a. 
toleam in addition to, or in gen. to 
Uam, Cic \H, to be it^formedt to 
Aeor, Just. 

addltimentom, i, «*. [addo] an ad- 

dition^nartaie, etc : inimiconim, Cic. 

adoitnii •; lui^ P*""^' Taddol lit. 
p%U on : hence in abad sense -rhammng, 
dof^ng: Tencris addita Juno, Virg. 

ad-dlTblOi <ure, 1. V. a, to divine, 
to promuatieate^ Plin. 

ad*40t <fidi, ditnm. put to, 
lay on. give to, git» %n addition, bring 
to: allqiiem (flr aliquid alicai (more 
rarely ad, in, etc): album in veeti- 
mentum addere, to put tchite upon on^t 
drat, Uv. : adlmunt divitl, addunt 
pauperi, Ter.: add. fineoa feris, Vlrg. 
wltn in : eas eplstolas in eundem fasd> 
culum velim addas, Cic: also Abtol.: 
add. auimum, to inspire with courage, 
Ter. : verba virtutem non add., impart, 
SalL H. Qen. toadd to bf %tayqf 
inereasf, to annex to, to tutgment; 
constr. abeol^ with IkU.0Tai, rarely 
with tn : verbom adde, PI. : his pauoos 
addit cqnites, Caes. : hunc laborem ad 
quotidiana opera addebant, id. Poe t. : 
noctem addens operi, employing alto 
the night in the ynme, Yirg. : addere 
gradum, to increaee one's pace, Liv.: 
Eenoe, addunt in qxttia, they add space 
to space, hasten throof^ the course, 
Vlrg. : addita aeUte, as age advanced, 
PUu. in. The 2d. person of the im- 
perat. is u^ed to intnxluoe new drcum- 
stances or thoughts into a narration 
or argument, and may be translated : 
ad I to this, moreorer : adde hue popu- 
lationem agronim, LIv. |V. to say 
in addition : pauca ejuadem generis ad< 
dit, Caes. ; hence, with Ace. and Inf. : 
addebat, se contra earn (legem) facere 
Don andere, Cic 

ad-ddofo* cni. ctum, i. v. a. to tmch. 
to teach in addition (rare): addoctl 
Judioes. Cic. : Hor. 

ad-dtLbltOt avi, atum, i. v. n. and 
o., lit. to itMine or begin to doubt, 
to caU in question, to be in doiM. 
1. with aeoT in: in his add. turpiik 
slmum est, Cic 2. ^^ pron. rtUU. 
or nam, an, etc : addubltavit an tempos 
esset, Liv. 8. Absol. to hesitate: i 
Appium addubitasee ferunt, Liv. ||. 
Transit, in Cic, only hi perf. part. 
p«ss. : si plus adiplscare, re expUoata, 
hotd, quam addubitata mall. 

ad-dlLoOi ^ ctum, |. V. a, (^adduce 
for addnc, PI. : adduxti for adduxisti. 
Ter.: addnxeatadduxisse, PI.) to lead 
to, to conduct, to bring : ad aegroa me- 
dicos aolonus add., Clc : with in : gentea 
feras in Italiam, id. : with DaL : puero 
nutricem add., Ter. Poe t. with Aoe. : 
adduoor litora, Ov. ||. to draw or 
puU towards, to contract: adduoere 
ranem,Cae8. Fig. habenas amidtlae, 
to tighten, Cic : addudt oitem mades, 
wrmJUet,Ov. |||. Fig. (olead to. (o 
bring to, or into, to prompt, to ineUe; 
with aa or <n ; rem add. ad interreg- 
num, Cic : addncta rea in Judkium eat, 
id. : nom anaerenda quae te ad tantum 
liMdnus adduxerint f id. : and with Ge- 
r%$nd: ad suspicandum, id. Followed 
by ut, to preveM upon, induce: nullo 
fHgore addnd, ut oapite otmto sit, id. 
With quin : Suet And in the pass, 
dbsol.: tobeindiiced, his rebus adducti, 
Caes. And with it^.: to-be oonKnced, 
persuaded (weiiofuu,) : ego non adducor 
quemquam bonum polaie, Cfc. |V. 
to bring on, occasion, add. febres, Hor. 

addoeuns, oomp. adv. stifer, 
tighter. Fig. more severely, add. im- 
peritare, Tac 

addaotOlt *( °ni, Part, [sddnoo] 
Adj., drxMon tight, stretched, con- 
tracted: add. vnltus. Suet II. Of 
place: narrow, strait, Mel. |||. Fig. 
of character: grave, serious, severe: 
modo famiUarltate Juveoili Nero et 
rursuB sdductus, Tac Concise (of 
speech), Plin. 

&d-edo« ^U 9saBL, 1. r. inc. and a. 
(adestssadedit, Lucan. cf. edo)to eat 
nearly up, lo eat up. etc: angues duo 
ex occulto alll^)6i adedere Jecur. Idv. : 
and fig. to use «p, waste, exhaust: 
(as money, strength, etc) : non adeaa 
Jam, sed ammdante etiainpecunia, Cic : 
adeeis fortunis omnibus, Tac 

UemptiO (ademtio), (Vnia, /. [adi- 
mol a t4SHng atcay : dvitatls, Cic 

fidemptQI or adontus, a, um, Part. 

ftd-Mi I^t oftener 0, Itum, a. «. n. 
to oo to, or approach : L ^u^ <ul : 
adibam ad istum Amdum, Clc 8. 
iKith in : priusquam Romam atque in 
horum oonventum adlretis, id.: esp.. 
adire in Jus, to go to taw: cum ad 
praetorem in Jus adissmaus, id. 8. 
with Aec.: eas qutique natl<Hies adire 
volebat, Caes. 4. Absol. si adire non 
po&dt, id. 5. ^Vlth local adv. : qoo- 
quam. Sail. ||. to address, accost, or 
apply to, with ad, or Ace. : ad me ad. 
quoedam memini, Cic Pas s . : aditus 
consul Idem iUud responsum retulit, 
Liv. Hence, adire aUquem per opl»> 
tolam, to addms one in urittng, by a 
Mter, PI. So also : ad. decs, anuR, de- 
onuu aedos, etc., to ajpproac4 the gods, 
their altars, etc., as a suppliant, Cic : 
ad. Ubros Stbylllnos, to constdt the .9i> 
b^tne Books, Liv. |||. to visit : Py- 
thagoras Peraarum magoe adiit, Clc 
IV. to asMit, eUtack: ad. vlnun, 
Viig. 8. PrwK ad. manom allcul, to 

deceive or ba w Utoosl e any one, PI. y, 
to Mfidertofte. or enter upon anything^ 
enooMHtor, with ad or Joe. .* adcausaset 
privatas et publlcaa ad. co^ilmus, Cic : 
■d. ad rempublioam, to take a pari in 
public business, id. Pass.: pericuUi 
adltia,id. 8. Of an inheritance, t.L: 
to enter on: bereditatem patria^ id.: 
■d. nomen, to ossitmc the naw»e h^ 
queathed by will, VelL 

&d-M, ode. Lit: to thai pointy 
so far, Cato. ||. Cf time, so long, 
strengthened by usque,*sias, and with 
dum, donee, foUowtaig ; or in Cic, with 
the correlative, quoad: atque hoc sdUs 
onuies, usqueadeo hominem fat pcriculo 
Aiisse, quoad sdtum sitSestittm vivere, 
Cic 8. Of degree: seniMcA, soyrttU, 
to suc^ a degree, so: foUowei hy ut: 
non adeo alt imperitus rerum ut ood> 
fldat, Caes. So, non odeo ut non : noa 
tamen adeo virtutnm sterile seculum, ut 
non et bona exempla prodiderit, Tac 
When the logical connection between 
the two clauses Is obvious from the con> 
text ut \a often omittetL the conse- 
quent clause bdng placed /»«(, and hav- 
ing the verb in thie isuhoative: tergl- 
versari res oogebat: adeo in alteram 
causam coUega praecepa ierat, Liv. 
SometimM followed by 9uod; nihil adoo 
ardutmi dbl existimabant, quod noa 
virtute consequi possent, Caes. 8. to 
denote a puiixiee, followed by ut: to 
this end: id ego huic dabo, ad»o me ut 
hie emittat manu, PL |||. .^Owol. : for 
the sake of emphasis, moreoeer,/Mrf Aer, 
just, even, more than this; tap. cocU- 
tically with a pron. or with atatte : id 
adeo si placet considerate, jitt< this, dc : 
is adeo tu es, you are even mch a one, 
PI. : hoc significant atque adeo aperte 
ostcndunt they hint this, and indeed 
openly show, Cic With prons. or tha 
cooditifnial partidea. It often stands for 
quidem: nee me adeo fall! t^Yirg. [Ad- 
eo Is the correl. of quo-ad: in both, eo 
and quo are accusatives which have lust 
their final letter.] 

Adept* Ipia. c. the sqfl fat or greast 
<tf anxmals (the hard la called sevum) : 
ad. suillus, Varr. 1. Of men : CassU 
adipem; flie'cbrpttlanoe, Cic 8. Met 
of fkt or fertile earth, wuxri, Plin. 8. 
tn trees, the sqft sappy wood, also 
called albiunum, id. 4. I^^K' * '^ an 
orator, (xnnlKisI : Quint [Pn^b. root, 
DAP, Engl, fat^ Germ, fett : perhapa 
connected withMvrw, 6eantrn, oiw^tAift, 

ideptito. Onia, /. fadiplsrorl the ob- 
taining, atUUnment: adeptlooe bool, 

ideptoSt ** ™n» P^'"^ [adipiscorl 

id-equItO* *^i atum, i. r. a. to nds 
to or toMYinls, to geUlop : equlte« Ario- 
visti ad noetroa ad., Caes. With Dat.t 
castris, Tac \Mth Ace.: Syracnsas^ 
Uv. With in : in primos ordlnee. Curt 
II to rid« near or by: JuxtA ali- 
quem. Suet 

JUUUTOt are, i. v. n. to tra^ider to, 
with DaL : aoopoUa, Stat 


ilkwlnm or mIm (itnn (Impcr. fir. 
adrnm with dumX amte kOker^ T«r. 

liMMo, trt. 4. V. n. to AiM^a' 
q^: ademrivit iii«Ki*> Pt* 

IdiRS, •. nm. /'Oft. [•d«o]|«r«jf 
Mim, ywMcotf; benoe, poet, wnm 
•mydy wurttr, jwactt, jwli'a><id : adeai 
T. uBdiraff. 

haiesl, haesom, i. v. n. 
or dtfoor to, to hnng to, to elwi(^ 
eto«e(y.* ateoi. nniu ubi ex 
» d eywu k t , mbtcr MUnereiMi, (<;/' M« 
WVMI,) Lacr. : with tn and AU.: tola 
to Ciri« Tiaocribus, Ctc: with AU.: 
tooto cwpia wfiMMit, Or. With Dot.: 
potUtoiMfa (oTlbmi illotos adhaesit 
iador. Virg. : and in later proae : oavis 
•Beorii, it /attemd to tkem^ Tac 8. 
Ffff.: ▼inela modica sUva adhaerebat, 
tfrniwad iJU vuMyonI, id.: tempua ad* 
taaiciM, Ae prtaeiU time. Quint. ||. 
or penooa: Fig.: with dot, to hang 
•a, to ioeep etotf to ; adbaeret altiaaimia 
liTldia, VelL : hoooe, m a threatening 
er OMojrtMi^ wtammer^ lateri adh. giti- 
T<m dma i niun, Ut. ; alao,iiia/otcv»(fi^ 

id-llMratOOt iMeai, haeanm, ;. v.n. 
ttstidt or eUare to: with od, in and 
•bt. : tra^la ad tnrriin, Oaca. Fig.: 
•i poCea in hia loda adhaereicere, if vou 
•M Unger im mek jtUuet^ dc. With 
Asl. : Joatttlae, to 1m cUtoc/^ or dCTOtod 
in, Id. And, abmd. : otoratio unnquam 

ad cotnninam '(ae. kae- 
1), aarcaaUoallf . to rewtainjixtd at 
tk0 dibtor's oadMM, L e. to be puniahed 
aa a dabcor. Id. H, to it in aecord- 

mnee wWk : ad oonunin Teatmm ato- 

diain, U. HI. '^ ''^'^ ^ ^"^ ^/^* 
totel^Aa flkclttfofc: tencsnememoria 
la exoremom adhaeaiMe? id. [Aa the 
perfect forms of this verb art identical 
with Iboec of adhaerco, it is difficult, if 
MoC hnpowdWe, to distiogaifh between 
thiin : and It maj pertiajis ba doubted 
vbether it would nut be better to 
nfard adhaereaco aa having none hot 

ad&MdtitlOf Ooi«y. [adhaereo ; the 
ftvq.adbaealtolanolfouKl] OfiacUetton, 

adhlCflll. a, nm. Part, radhacreo]. 
UhiMlM, Ba, ». [adhaereo] a 
or odktrimg to, Locr. 

M-htlft) are, 1. «. a. to brtatko on, 


i44lIb9o» ^ Itmn, a. v. a Fbabeo] 
i» Md to, to bruy 09W Mtvy to 
to dtrecf totEonis, ajiplf to^K 
appUoo, etc : oteof., with od 
Dot.; cor nan aifiiibaiati, dum Istaec 
hwyiereila, tympanoni, PI. : nanos nte- 
Abm ad wlnflza, Vtrg.: aliad oakarta, 
Cle. 8. Fig..- hnncnadhibercrebns 
debet, id. : mocoa, qnoa orator adhibero 
v«lec>iiUd,«aMe4 Cm orator Moy wiak 
to eeeMUMicate to tk* iuJge, id. 
8. Hence » addere, ai^i^ingere. to 
flidtobid. B. Of ptnona: to tr»n^ 


forward, t mn m on, emplmf' leg^ *d 
quaa («c defendendaa) aimibemur, %ce 
ore riHR moned, id.: absol. firatmnad> 
hlbet, Gaes. : Esp., 1. Ad or in con* 
cUium or consilium^ to call to a cotm- 
cU, to eonauU : ad condlium adhibendoa, 
to be tummoned to the eo%meU qf trar, 
Gaea.: adhibuit aiU in conailium qnin* 
decim prindpea, took into ootmed, Cic: 
abeol. : a tois reliqnis non adhibemor, 
we aire not eoneuUed, id. : and often Fig. 
id. 2t Adhibere aliquem ooenae, epu> 
lia, etc., to invite, entertain: adUbete 
epnlia, Virg. : in convtvium, Nep. And 
AbsoL to treat: oniversoa adhiberi 
Uberaliter, Ctc. 8. Adliibere ae ad 
aliquid, to apply oneielf: se veram ad 
rationem, Lucr.: and AbsoL adhibere 
se, to bekave oneeef/: se adb. in potes- 
tate, etc III. to use or employ: with 
ad, in, or dot.: non mediucrem aibi 
diUgentiam adhlbendam intelUgebat, 
Gaea. : modum, toeeta limU to : vitio, 
Cic : memoriam oontumeliae, to retain 
it in memory, Nep. 

ftdhlMtOf • •( um. Part, [adhlbeo]. 

&d-hinmOf I^U or ii, Ituin, 4. v. n. 
to neiak after, fortis equos visae sem- 
per adhinnit equae, Ov. It ^^8* Cic. 

&dhO(rtfttiU>f Onis* /• [adbortorl an 
estkortaUon, encouragement, Qc. : XJv. 

idhort&tor, oris, m. [id.] one wko 
exhort*, or eiuxntrage* : operia, Liv. 

ftdliort&tai. *. um. Port, fid.] 

ftd-hortOTi kUx%, 1. V. dep., to exhort, 
encowrage, incite : with ad or in : me 
meae vitae consuetndo ad C. Bobiriura 
defendeodnm est adhortata, Cic: in 
bellum, Tac 2. With occ. : militea, 
Cic 8. Followed by ut. ne, or the 
aimple anl^. : Oc, Suet., Ter. : adhor> 
tari se, to roaae oneself. Cat. 

&d-ntlO« odv. [Ut. to thit point, 
either of place or time : hQc Is an acc=* 
hunc or hoc, cf. ad-eo]. |. Of place : 
conveniont adhnc utrinaque verba, to 
tkia point, PL ||. Of time : (01 now, 
kitkerto: iUe vidil qoot fuiasent adhuc 
philoaophoruro. Cic With usque or 
semper : usque adhuc actum est probe, 
PL : quod adhuc semper tacui, Cic 
With dnm : adhuc dum milii nnllo loco 
deesse vis, id. Adhncloounim, 4t(Aerto ; 
ut adhuc looorum fod, fadam sedulo, 
PL : non, neque, nihil adhuc, not up to 
tkii time, not ae yet: sed quod quaeria, 
qttando,qua, quo, nihil adhuc scimua, 
Cic 8. To designate continuance: 
yet, MtHl: tree adhuc legiones erant, 
ttHl remained, Tac $. J'*'* now: 
PL IIJ. in adidition to (Ait, moreover, 
betida, further : (cf. ad hoe, s. v. ad 
E. U.) Osesar minaoee ad scnatum lite- 
raa misit et erat adhuc Impiidena, dc 
Eq>. tnq. with oomparatlvea : liaec 
legatio verbis adhnc lenior eat, rejape- 
rlor, Liv. 

&d-l80t Cgf, actum, j. v. a. [ago] 
(adaxintaadigant, PL): k drive to, 
bring, convey, xomiXy with ad, bat also 
with Ace., Dot., looal adv. and oAsol. 
1. Of cattle: pccore e longinquiori- 
bosvidaadactOfCaes. 2.0fpenana: 


finibua regundia adigere arbltmm non 
possis, to bring in an arbiter. Jot ad 
arbitrum. to tummon before an arbiter, 
Cic 8. Of things: tlgna flstucis ad., 
to drive in, Caes. : tnrrl adacta et con- 
tingcnte vallum, a tower having been 
wtoved clote to and touching the ram- 
part, id. And firom the we^wns transf. 
to the wound : to i'ufiict : alte vulnns 
adactum, Virg. : Varo vulnus adactum, 
Tac II. to drive to a titvation, to a 
itate qf mind, to urge to an act (esp. 
against the will): tu homo adlgto me 
ad inaaniam, Ter. With Inf. : vertere 
morbus exiguam in Cererem penuria 
adegit edendi, Virg.: absoL: adactis 
per vim gubematoribns, Tac |||, 
Adigere aUqndm ad Ju^Jurandnm, Jus* 
junundum, jur^Jurando, or sacnunento, 
(. (., to jmt one on oatk, to evcear him, 
omuibns iui^randnm adactis Goes. : 
populum jar^Jurando adegit, Liv. 8« 
in verba adigere ss iivverba Jujijurandum 
adigere: neque se, neque qnemquam 
Batavum in verba Gafliarum adegit, 
Tac 8. •^b'ol*' tnagnocum asi^ensu 
audltoa, uuiveraos adlglt, eu-ean them 
all, id. IV. Poet.: to bring near, 
tempus adactum, Locr. 8.=niM« 
gere, to tuldect, Stat. 8. <o MajM, 

id-ImOi Sn^ emptnm. t. v. a, 
(ademsit=3adcmerit, PI.) [emo] to takt 
to oneself, to take away, withdraw: 
multa ferunt anni venientes oommoda 
secimi, multa recedentes adfmnnt, Hor 
Gonstr. with occ, or with occ and 
dat. I, Ui B, good sense, to free 
from: nt istas compedcs Ubi adimam, 
nuio dem, PL 2. In* ^^ sense: to 
dcpn'se, or robqf (the common signlf., 

SK in prose) : alicui vitam, Cic : arma 
Utibua, Liv. 8. Poet, with Inf. 
aa ot^t : adimam cantare severis, Hor. 
4. Poet.: adimere is also used of 
persona : hano, nhd mors mllil adimat 
nemo, Ter 

idpitOB, •. mn, adj. iUL) fatty, 
greasy: tube. n. : adipatum (sc edn- 
llum) pastry prepared toith grease: 
livkla matemo fervent adipata veneno, 
Juv. II. Fig.: of style: gross, 
inelegant: odipatae oiationis genua, 
tardedj Cic. 

&d-lpifOOrf eptoa, J. V. dep. [apis* 
corjto come up to, or reeieh, to over' 
take, ftigientes Galloa Macedones adepti 
cedderunt, Liv. ||. Fig.: to get, 
attain, or obtain : senectutem nt adi* 
piacantur omnea optant ; eandem aocu* 
sant adept!, Ctc. With ex: adeptum 
esse omnia e natura et anlmo et corpom 
etvita, id.: with ut: per quoe adepti 
sunt, at ceteroa dies festoa agltare poe- 
sent, id. 2. With Gen. : amia, quels 
Golba rerum adeptus est. Tac 8. 
Pass. : non aetate, verum Ingenio, adi- 
pisdtur saplcntia, PI. : ro esp. adcptns. 
Cic [Root APsSans. Ap **go to,'^ and 
hence" to pe«.-J 

ftdltiOf Snls,/. [adeo] a going to, 
approach, PL 

Idltoi, «, mn. Part. [adeo]. 

in dUBclLlon 
8. Fig.^ 

ml, ki Mat km lure dificuU of j Ifor. S, Bi 
1, Oc ; WIUi *(•*. •d«) J^J? Ill i "^ i*™iMl 

?LM.C<pJJatcraJ or oocei- 
uicei, Cic. ; tlaa, a om- 

"ll^f'"' *""" 

o/^jomuisUltmaiiii.ld. ||, Milon.! | Join to, to limd 
ot enCraiuf, apetui^, ale, : piiina Mluj i to ipoJk, ham 
vaUbDluaue prohiben, Id. 8. Fig. : Junp>, etc.)! t 

td-^lolOp ^1r 1U F^- 1"^-! 1. V. t*. ' Tltn, Vlrg. : a1». (a odd fa uniinE -- 
^o lie cU tiT hau-, to ar{fuin. WiLh I Jurll AdenUom eLtjqdflntlAd MilJniiilBli, 
Dal.; cum RoDuiit ■iDKi'rait nlR, Olc 2. Fig'' la tind taait*^,ix 

RiiiIuuii»iUuct,IiT.:HliliAn;.:giiDUii, I lUM nlj.. Id. )||. I'tg.: to oppiy or 
■djMtla, (Snl*. /' [*4;iclo5 a ttnw ' hU., Ter. : ivtJ, IMnD tIiU>, Ck. |V. 
dilivii: Romuu iw ■d^KUiiiu popgll (cf. wijldou.)): qiudqaiim lOcenDi, 
Albuil UKU, Ll>. Al t. 1. I. In lllnd KlJugiJl, LL 
nrclilwcln™, a pr™c*iii(r, or beUyiiv tdjflro. I'll «Mim, 1. o. a. to nwar, 
ui He pdobUr l/ cotumiu. Via.: a' to duiXtih 6^ ooM : coDalr. oix. w»h 

BMOK of ilnniiilAii-'— ' "- -'-' " -" -'•'■ — "-' -" " - 

II, In ibcloric, ... .^ .^ _._ .. _ 

■diMtOJ, ■. una. f^u^. [iidjlcloi liUn Iwraalui pi^bc, I'l. 

iJictU*. lU, "■ [W-] m cufJiBj; irtih UK. (l»n«. tow ten 
udorti. Liter. StTgll unut lupluabllC' tn 

■d-BldO, (In 1133. llR odldo), Hd, ||, lo •ranr .n aOMd 

Jocluin, J. o. a. [>do1 to rtmio to, to edlMninl, at pruotw cdD^ 
sloH <U or nior: mill. With J>iit.,^kad nudam hHC (dlnnnnl, LI? 
wiUi^«.,or Jot.: idj. toliun el^U -j»" - ~j.' .j 
■mperlciribui Id Utiu, to kurl, Cut^^k^ n 
Fl», eum Id u™"'- >"■ ^^^ 
homlnen cupldlUU 
GJc ; 9FTiai 4lbam 
aioe, PLb. 3, 
(UTK He Uuiitgiu 

. ||.Ii.B"™to^^ 
it rtnnec (wpocttWhu). Ill 

IjtgPDll glDriAm adj., Cic, : AdjHvre I 

JWIlo pliu Vllt AlhpiiHi, Hoi. m. uUil 

Uf ■ IpeikBr : to mU a ncB eircun- i lkn> mptoy 

rCdnaorai^ujHcnJ (cf.Addo, no. r)i hue Ctfs, |1, adrpufy, a^utjijtt. 

niUu ILilJlcs lepttm, 0>. IV, In O"'-- nranlua «' rtlr' 

«ucU«iM.(..- toaditoo.Mi^looiX- publlcorum.Cle. 1| 

l*i. Mg. : Cln. ,(*, mftordiMto altor, ., _ 

M-jOdlM, »•■', »lunff . «. a. (0 qui ter™ BKiundM, Hot. 

miflgc, to a>«rd at jit^. [ypf. to ■difltSrinm. 1, ". [Id,] trip, oiiul- 

nWudlco, q. v.l regnnin Itolenueo tdi; aim, lupiJOrt. Vfll., Sen, Oalot. 

Clc.: KU.aim»ni.lfciil,todn*fcati.(l (tdjatni. lcll^ /. fW.J a ftMta 

in DiH'i/aiDiir, td. Pla.:l'liii. . ||, Olliltonl. Aclfn-, rlc, : tl )■ chii!B7 uhI 

In geii,: to airTiJje^attribttt£ta:'Fom- In ■jjpo^tkia with fcm. sutn. : (juw T«t 

pflv Ki«pc biihu mlhi Mlnt^m Imperii Plincio Id peUitooe fulu«t KlJutriA, 

-"-"-ivlt,aKri*BlW«=,Clc. Cit _ II, I^ouM Bdjc-^- '-"■■ 



U». HI. AbloL: to i 

be pr«;Uaue ; {Mpen. : »ll 

•4Jnv>t.Cic IV-Oiharo 

L BoBKtbaH lit nilt)t< 

■» qnidqiiin uuIIId idl 

tens aiUuvlitl. Oc 4. ^^ Iba 
/n/lH.: hUuvu mu ImidiH*, Moi M 
italek, plLn, 
HdL For tvordA be£buiLi^ Ihoa t. 

ad-nJLt&TO. «"- !■ t. o. lit- to 
uLlT n>v, iKDce, to tfHKjboi, Avlcii .- 
(fwllmeni drluiit. Chh. 
admoma, f^, mn, #^ar1, QutmoUDT^ 
iSSiaor, toftiHU. 4- t. dy. to 
_ ■hcnCcHl. 

•diaBiO=BdWvan. v. hIJuvd, 
•dJftBMiitnm.l,"- [mnll-CWl fri 

qf aid, ktlp.auUla'-a: Kflnmnnu ot idjttvo. Jtt''1. JW™. I- 
witMldU twimlatu., Clc Juvaiuin, S»1L : idjum or ut 

■fc OiiJ>,/.[o4jiingn]a,W»-|J""ro, Edd.; «iUuTii=idJo 


v»^bo^u^^ Uk, '||, an odi.lion, on I tunm KUn«»i, IJv.: moworan omLIonit 

adjimct: ^l^lDli^id, lacrimll rata niU. lokHoWm.Oc |I, 

adjnnotor. Sii*! ■"- ™' wtojoiMp to lAtrti*. iiuwiii, or/ortn-.- hujoi id- 

or wiitoi. Sc Javu Iniulun, I>L : duun Baainl 

tdmlnlitr&tlTiLI, C nm, (Uij- [H-] 
M/or odnHBiilralton, jimcficol, Qitot. 

admlniitrltor, aiU, sl [i<L] a 
D atfAa trpon or ariui, to itrpe : n-lUi 

dm. FFrnpubUmn, IJv.: btllum. Clc! 




nf heiata mimired^ admirabU : 

tn &«Ddo Ttr, Cic n. P*^ 

wonder, wmderftd, ttrange^ 

t, IparadnKBiaU: haec irapaiSo$a ilU, 

■MaAnlraliiUA diGunu, id. 

•tJmTTftMTTtift *tK /• <^ qtttiUtv 
itftfiiy wonder or odrntrcUum, a<liiu> 
rrtfawffw; adnLoodestiam remm atqae 

tdiniriliQiter, odv. radmina>nis] 

mdmifraUjf: nosAsiAaoo^tadm^Clc.: 
matmukSmgiif, stroMadg: nimto adm. 

adsdmidiis* >* um, i\»rf. [adml* 
roMfo te odnMred, arfmCroMe, loon- 
dafiAx nifplci«ida«tadmlnuada,Cic. 

adolritlo. Oid>» /• C**^] a «nm- 
deruy al, toofidA*, admiratum: adm. 
oo|3iaiB sapleoteiqoe dioentif. GIc« : in 
iMgiM admintloDe mk, (o be ^rreotiy 
«<i«tf«d» PUn. : Pbtr.: baec Bunt quae 
•dsdrmtkofea tn bonis oimtoribat effl- 

admirmtkioe obatopefocti, id. With 
fmad: Qoorakni adm. inoanit quod nee 
psipiam inirent, Llv. 

adnirtltor* l^ris, m. rid.] an ad- 
■inr; adm. antlquiUtla. Quint. 

ad^ldrOTt atos, 1. «.aq9.:(oioimder 
at, lo regmdwitk admiratiKM oroiUtn- 
JAimmt: qnorvm ago oopiam velie- 
Btoter adm., CIc : nil admlrari, not to 
he dae^ed wUh an^fthing (jiii Beoffta- 
iam% Hot. 

Mi^ligeSo* Mni, ztom (nwvly ftam, 
liT.) 2. «. a. to M^ or mingie with, 
4mm bonis omnibaB mmidam implevlt, 
OMtt nihil admiM»it« Clc With .iU. or 
JJoL; aer molto calore admixtua, id. : 
aquae admlxtom calorem, id. ||. 
Fig. to wUx wp witht impUoaU^ involve 
(tKKh of tiling* and penonaV- sed hoe 
cam iii ntlooibaa admlaoeri nolo, Id.: 
■diiiiamiwiliinifi plabeU, controventa 
Mt, ithiAer pMi^ant tkotdd be joined 
a, am, cKf;'. [admitto] 
aiinti9,'cto., a stailum, Varr. 

for admisiBM, v. admitto. 
i. Onia, /. [admltiul a let- 
I. a puUing the tUmion to 
r, Varr. ||. admisaUm to an 
imteniem or audience T adm.dare alicnl, 
nin.: oadnm admiialonis, the office of 
ehawtbtriain, SoeL : magbter admisaio- 
nvm, ekiif marthal or lord cha$nber- 
lain Amm. 9 

admiMIKBi* U *• D*^3 trefpau, 
/bmII, cHine. etc 

, a, mn. Part. fid.]. 
, fodmii 

_„ a, nm, ParL fodmisceol. 

J, mSsi, miaram, 3. v. a. (ad- 

«]rnr. for admisiaw, PL): to Ut in^ 
toletff9 (tr came to^ to admit: with tn, 
ad, or Dot. : oi te temel ad meaa capsas 
adnlaero, Ck. : in cubicolmn, id. 2. 
to fmt am audience or interview: nee 
qmqonn adnritrft, id. : prumiscolB aa- 
uUatlooiltni admictebat et plebem, Suet 
n. Fif . to allow to come or enter, 
to admit: TvUqvis dieboa ad coUoquinro 
Daoadmittitur.CaM. ||l.^*^'*e: 

esp. in Part, perf., to let go, I. e. to 
give the reint; mnee, to urae or*, put 
into agaUop: eqidtea adndaas equis ad 
ioos r^Dgerunt, Caea. : admlwar Jnbae, 
thejlowing manet^ Ov. |V. Fig. or 
wonis, entreatiea, &c. ; to aUow to 
reach, to attend or Ueten to: pads 
mrationem adm. anribus, liv. : adm. 
precationem, to grants id. V. Of an 
act, avant, etc. : to let be done, to per- 
mit: qnod cavere posats stnltom ad- 
mittere est, Ter. : to give free oourte to: 
qnod semel admiismn coeroeri repri- 
miqtie non potest, Cic Hence, (. t. of 
birds of favorable omen=saddico, q.v.: 
•fanol aves rite admlstssent^ liv. Es- 
pecially of feults, crimes, disgrace, etc. : 
to let pau^ inewr^ beotrme guUty of^ 
commit: often with in and a retiective 
pronoun : quantum in ae fikdnus admi- 
sissent, intelligebant, Gaes.: ooliortati 
ne tantum dedecns adbnitteretur, id. 

Itdm^CtlOi 9nis,/. [admisoeoj a mim- 
ing, an admimtwre : animus omni ad- 
mixtlone corporis liberatus, CIc. 

admiztnSt ^ ^u°> Part, [adrolsoeo] 
mixed: almplex anlmi natnn Mt, nee 
habet in se quidquam admixtum, Cic. 

ad-mSdnxiii o^^' C^^mIus] Lit. : up 

to the wteaeure. up to the mark: hence, 
quite, eon^pUtay^ very, eaoewively, etc. : 
aihn. meorum moeronnn atque amorum 
Bummam edictavi tibl, / kat>e /uUy re- 
counted, PI. : Jam adm. mitigati anlmi 
raptis erant, loere oompIetoZy appeated, 
Liv.: forma iogenli adm. impollta et 
ptaue mdls, very unpoHthed, Cic : 
prorae adm. erectae, very high, Caea. : 
pand adm., verjf few, Llv. : me Uterae 
tuao adm. delectarant, plea$ed me e»- 
eeesiveljf, Cic. 2. £q>> ^^^ words 
denoting age : L. Crassua onnm esset 
adm. aduleaoras, Cie. 8. Witli adv. : 
nihil adm. scripti reliqnlMet. juft no- 
thing, 1. e. nothing ataU, id. So with 
ad}., eqnestris pugna nulla adm. ftilt, 
none at all, Llv. 4. In emphatic or 
corroborative replies : yet, juet «o, e»- 
aetljf, bellan' videtur spede mailer ?— 
Admodum, PU: advenls modo?— Ad- 
modnm, Ter. : sols solere in ht\Ju6modi 
semume, at transiri alio poMit, did 
adm. ant pronus it« est, jmt to, ex- 
aetljf, Cic. II. Of nombers and time : 
about, at moet, only just ; sex milUa 
boatiom caen. quinqne adm. Romano- 
rum, about, Llv.: usque adm. dum 
quinquies quinqne numeres, tUl fou 
can count 29 at mott, Cato. 

ad-moonlOt ^* 4. v. a. to besiege, 
invat : oppldmn, PI. 

ad-mSlior« Itus, 4. v. dep. intr., to 
toU up to, Mtrvggle towardi, ad hirrm- 
dinum nioum, PI. ||. act. heave up, 
throw upon, with Dat.; ubl sacro manus 
sis admoUtia. laid hands on, id. 

adm8n8l&0l0« Sre, j. v. a. to re- 
mind, to admonish, Cic. 

ad-mfoiO; ^ Itum, 7. V. a. to put 
in mind, remtnd in afriendltf manner, 
to suggest, admonish, warn. L A b- 
so L : qui admonent amice, dooendi sunt, 
Clo. * 2 Aliqunn aUc^)us: admonebat 

alium egestatis, alium ci^ditatis suae, 
Sail. 8. Alkinem de altqua re: de 
aede Telluris et de porticu CatuU me ad- 
mones, Cic 4. ^ith two Accusatives : 
lllud me praeclarum admones, Id. 5 
With Ace. and inf.: admonebant aUi 
alios, supplidum ex se, non victoriam 
petl, Llv. 6. With a rd. clause : mens 
me sensus, quaniA via fhitemi sit amo- 
ris, admonct, Cic 7. With ut or ne : 
admonea, ne nimls indulgenter loquar, 
id. : Caninlus me admunult, ut scriberem, 
id. 8. With the Sutg. without a con- 
junction (in the historians) : hunc admo- 
net iter caute ikdat, Caes. 9. With 
the Inf. without a subject (In tl>e poets 
and in the i»ose writers of the Aug. 
per.) : deoedere campis admonult, Virg. 
10. With od and the Qerund : ad 
tbesaurum reperiendum admonentur, 
CIc If. to remind a debtor, to dun: 
potestashomini8admonendi,Clc. |||. 
Poet, and in later Latin, to urge or 
incite to action : telo admonult bljugoe, 
Virg. IV. In later Lat. : to admonish 
further or again : quod facere te mo- 
neo, ado te fedase ; nunc admoneo, Sen. 
V. to warn by inflicting loss, to 
inflict punishment: non Samnis, non 
Poeni, ne Parthl quidem aaepius adnu>- 
nnere, Tac 

adni5nlti[0» ^% /• [admoneo]) a 
friendltf admonition : adm. quasi lenior 
olijargatio etft, Cic ||. a reminding 
or suagestion: tanta vis admonltionia 
inest m locis, id. 2. Fig* admonitio 
morbi, or doloris, the recurring symp- 
Urns, Plin. III. chastisement^ corrto- 
Han, Smi. 

admdnltori cris, m. [M.] Ae v^ 
reminds, a monitor, Cic 

admonltxiZt Icls, /. [id.] a femaU 
monitor, PI. 

admfixiItaBlf U n. [ld.3a= admo- 
nitio, q. V. : etc 
adlll5xiltlll» *t am. Part, [admo- 

admdnltUSt ^i ^> [Id.^^used only 
in the jM.: a reminding, suggestion, 
etc : admonltn Allobrogum, Cic. : acrior 
admonltn est, at the r^uke, Ov. 

ad-mordSOi mordi, rsum, 2. v. a, 
(admcmordi=admordl. PI.), to bite or 
gnaw at: admorso signata in stlrpe 
dcatrix, ViTg.% 2. Fig. to bleed or 
Jleece, PI. ^ 

iUbnomiff >» ^on, Part, [admor- 

aomStitOt Onis,/. [admoveo] a put- 
ting to, an application, Cic. 

admStlUi a, um. Part, [admoveo]. 

M^lOyiOi mOvi, mOtum, 2. v. a. 
and intrant, (admoram, admorim, etc., 
for admoveram, admoverim, etc., Virg., 
Ov.) : to mote to, to bringor conduct to- 
wards or to. With ace. either alone, or 
governed by some prep., or with dot. : 
ne cxerdtum proplus urbom Romam 
CC mill, adrooveret, Cic : scalas moeni- 
buA, Tac : Hannlbalem admutum altA- 
ribus, led or oonduetod to, Liv. : Maroello 
ad muncra publlca admoto. bting brought 
into office^ Suet.: mors Agrippao ad- 





movit pra^u^JNenmem GmmtI, dmMU 
/kim into ooteroofifMctMrn, Yell. \\.to 
apply, to direct towardi: ftorem ttdmovi, 
Ter.: In mannoribai qoibas Nldas m*- 
mnn admovinet, on «A*e4 he had let- 
bourtdt Plin. Hanus wlm. someUme* 
means, to lay violent handt on : nun- 
qnam Deoa ipaoa admovere nooraUbns 
mauta. Liv. 2. Fig* ^ moital ob- 
jects: mentem ad voces aUcq|iia, to at- 
tend (0, dc: terroram, to strike with 
terror, Uv. |||. Intransitlre or re- 
flective: to drmo or come near: jam 
admovebat rex. Cart. 2. In the paa* 
•Ive. especially the participle; tobenoar 
to: admotA Nilo Anioa, Jav. 

ad'^AfluSlOt iU 4. V. n. (0 low to or 
beUoto (rfter, Ov. 

admnrmfir&titOt 8ni>i/> a aMimiwr^ 
iiif^ ai, tA« MMrmMnfi^ of an ossemMy 
(in a|>proba«on or di»approbation\ CSc. 

ftd-nmniLliro* *^ atom, i.v.n,to 
murwtur at (approvingly or dieaopro- 
'vingly): qoam valde univeni amnur- 
mararlat, CIc : umpen, admarmaratam 

ftd-nUtXlOi *^ atom, are, 1. v. a. 
to crop or dip — Fig. (ooftoU, FlauU 

ad^aMOr, ▼• agnascor. 

adnatiiit ^ ^>™« v* agtM^tna. 

ad-IlOllL0Il» adnominatio, adnoaoo, t. 
agnomen, agnominatlo, agnosoo. 

~ 1. for otlier words in adn, v,ann. 
)labili8. ▼• adulabiUs. 

SiSo* ^ (rarely Qvi, Emi.Valtun. 

1. V. n. and a. Toleo, to MieU]. |. 
Intrans. toimm^emitaModotir; made 
hie angnentaadolent? PI. ||. Trans. 
to eauee to emit a imeU; benoe, to aet 
fire to^ hum : leves stipolae demtis ado- 
lentur aristis, Ov. Ita most frequent 
use is cotmected with sacriflctal worship : 
earn hoetiam totam adolevit, offered 
entire^ made a whote butmt offering, 
Enn. : Junoni Argivae Jubwm adolemus 
honores, Virg. 2. By a kind of me- 
taphor, the altar itaelf is sometimes 
spoken of as being burnt : adolent alta- 
rU donis, thty lig^ Hp the aUart with 
offerings, Lucr. 8. Fig. to worthiv 
by burning sacri/kes in honour qf: 
quibus cnra flammis adolere Penates, 

iSdeiOtlll (aduleacenOt vatiM, 
(Gen. plitr. adoIesoenUnm, once adole»* 
centum, PI.) I'ari. [adolesoo] growing ' 
vp, young: hominem adolesoentem non | 
tam oUlcere volui, Cic. ||. Subst.a 
young man or unman: prt^periy from I 
the age of 15 to jo: but sometimes the ' 
term is applied to those much older; 
thus, Ckero appliea tho word to Crassus \ 
when 34 years old; to Brutus and Caa- 1 
slus when in their fortieth year ; and to 
himself wten coo«nl, or 44 years of ace. 
The young Romans who attended tbe , 
pro-consuls and propraetors in the ja^ 
vinoes were oalted aduleacentea. Qies. 
Sometimes adolcsceus serves to distin- 
guish the younger of two persons of the 
same name : Brutus adolesoens, id. | 

&ddlefOaiti[a (<^lso aduleaoentia in 
MSS.), ae, /. [artoleacens] the age <if \ 

(he adolesoens (see above). ||. Oen. 
Touth: dtins adoleecentiae aenectus, 
qoam pueritlae adolescrotlA obrepit, Clc 
jiefOentfiU (adut), ae,/. dim, 
id.j a very young maiden, also endear- 
of adults: salveto adolescentola, 
morning, ehUd, PI. 
' UdleMOLtfillll (aduL), Urn. dim, 
fid. J a eery young mum: Cioero calls 
hinuelf adcriesoentulus at 27 ; and SalL 
calls Caesar adoleacentolus at |j or jj. 
Also, a reent^ dc. 

UL-^UetOO (•dul.X Bvl (veiT rar. td. 
Prise; adolesse »ync, for adoleviase, 
Ov.). ultum, J. V. mkA. and n, to be 
growing, to grow up: (prop, of m«i, 
animals, plants; and Jig. of other 
things) : quum Uberi adoleverint, Omsb. : 
ad. ramos cemat, Ov. : adulta virgo, 
grown up, Liv. EspedaUy of time, 
chiefly in Tacitus: donee ver adolea- 
oeret, tiU spring Aould be somewhat 
adDonced.' adulta aestate, summer being 
far advanced: adultoautumno: adulta 
nocte. II. Fig. to increase, OMgtntnt : 
cupidltaa agendi adolesdt, Clo. [Boot 
OL^grow": of. alo, altus, cXSoivw.] 

ad-OlOMQi ^ !• V- «*• Loix, snuU, 
vide ad-oleoj to be burning or biasing, 
Pandiaeis aoolescunt ignibus arae, Virg. 

&d-6pirIo> SrOi, ertum. 4. v. a. to 
eo««r, cover up (Oen. in the peif, 
part. pass.) capite adoperto, Liv.: ado- 
pertis foriuis, with doted doors. Suet. 

Ad-dplnor* 9txm, i. v. ckp. to coi^- 
turefmiker, Lucr. 

MOPtititdhlf o)^ adoptatitius, a, 
um. (ulf. £adoptatus1 adopted, PI. 

&dopt&tio, Onis./. rk] (old fonn 
for adoptio) the adoptmg of a cMIcf, 

&dopt30t Onis, t, [prob. oontr. fttnn 
adoptatiin ike takvng ttf erne in theptace 
q^a dUkfralso of a gramdchOd, Dig.) : 
properly 01 one still under pateroal au- 
thority, V. arrogatio. Sudi adoption 
took place before the praetor or other 
magistrate, by a sham sale (mandpa- 
Uo); L. Torquatus fllimn in adoptio- 
nom D. Sllano emandpavit, Cic: adop- 
tlonon nuncupare, to make known, to 
annouMee, Tac: ad. consnlaris, by a 
ooiwul. Quint. Flg.of plants: ftvrq/t* 
ing, PUn. 

ftdopfivuft «. ran, a4if. [prob. orig. 
adoptativus from adopio, as coinparau- 
vus, hortativus, praerogatiN'usT per- 
taining to adoption, adoptive: in haec 
adoptive venisti, Cic. : ad. nomen, a 
natae received by adoption. Suet. Fig. 
of plants: flsraque adoptivas aodpU 
arbor opes, Ov. 

&d-OPtOt &^t atum, I. V. a. to cjkooie, 
sdect: qui manstutoran me adoptavit 
bonis, toko has dtoeen me om guartUan 
of hu property, PI. : Etruscaa Tumus 
adoptat opee, strives after, Ov. ||. 
Legal t. t., to adopt at a chdd or 
grandekUd: hunc minorem Sdpionem 
a Paulo adoptavit, from the family of 
/^Mt2u«, etc. With in and ace: in reg- 
num. SalL Fis.: servi ta bona Uber> 
tatis nostrao adoptontur, Flor. : and of 

the Ingrafting of tieea: veoeiit tnaitio : 
fac ramum ramus adoptet, Ov. A 
change of name was rendered neoeaaary 
by adoption, and this gave rise to pe* 
culiar expressions : C Stolenus, qui se 
ipse adoptaverat, et de Staleno AeUnm 
fecerat, had changed hint$e\f from a 
Stalenus to an Jeliut, Gk. : frater, 
pater, adde; ut cuique est oetaa. ita 
quemiqae Dabetus adopta, coll him fa- 
ther, brother, etc, Hor. : ad. ae allcui, 
to oonnect oneself vrt'tA, enrol oneaelf 
avMtng, qui se potentiae causa Caaaam 
Ubertls adoptasset, Plin. 

ftdortOnf and 5ris, n. a Jb'nd cfgrain^ 
sndi.\¥mi. gives an old form edor: 
the word may he derived from od eat^ 

&d5m. M./. ["dor] a reward vf 
«atowr, which, in early ages, uau. coo- 
slsted cH grain: Itenoe Fig. jfiary^ 
fame: pnlcer nigatis ille dies Latk> 
tenebris, qui primus alma risit adocco, 

id-6xIort ortus, 4. V, dtp. rfonns an- 
alogous to orSris, oritur, <^ the simple 
verb, do not occur), lit : to riae upal : 
hence, accost ; oeaso hunc adortal? Ter. 
II. to (Maek or asaault (craftily 
and imexpectcdly) : inermem tnbunum 
gladtis, Cic. III. to undertake, or 
engage in (eq>. anything dUBcuU or 
dangerous), to begin, mi^aa adorta 

id-omOf vfi, atum, i. v. a, to pro- 
pare, get ready, furnish : maria classi- 
buset praeaidUs,dc AbsoL adoma, 
ut rem dlvinam fadam, PI. ||, to 
decorate ot adorn .* flaminem instgnl 
veete et curuli regia sella Numa ador- 
navit, Uv. Fig., bene ad. facta aula 
verbis, Plin. 

id-flfOi <^^ atum, I. V. a. la tbe 
anteKdasa. and later period, to speal; 
to, or addrets. Also, in Judicial lang., 
to aecuu. ||. to entreat, esp. of a 
deity, to ask in prayer, to st^tplieate : 
quos adorent, ad onos precentnr et 
suppUoent, Liv. |||, to wors^^ to 
adore: more onpfaano than ttnercarL 
nwebum tadtumus adorat, Ov. : coro- 
nam ad., MoJte b^ore it a re^ec^fvA 
obeisance. Suet. 

&dortlUf« ^ nm. Part [adorior3. 

adp. ' or words beginning thus, v. 
under app. 

adquUMOOt ftdqu^ adquisitio. v. ac- 
quiesoo, eto. 

adr. For all words In adr. notfound 
in their places lo<^ under arr, 

ad-XMOt *U Bum, i. V. a. to serapr, 
shave, or prune : adraaum quendam va- 
cua tonsoris in umbra, Hor. : adraaum 
cacumen, k>pped off, Plin. 

, a, um. Part, [adrado]. 
'vg, a, um, V. arrectarius. 
a, um, V. arrectus. 

ndio. ▼• under aac 

ioie. f^U adso. V. under esse. asal. 

adfP. V. under asp. 
aoft. V. under ast. 
adra. T. under MM. 


ADT£|f A 


SSl&tfo. Onte./. [adulorl < . 
i^9,Iinifk.ofadM: amnm ad., Gk. 

<I»vm: aMUuur.PUn. 

" Of 
Jl. Fig. ering- 
i^ Mattery, aimkUitm, Gc, 

Mllfttor« OrtSi *• C^l ^ crimgimg 
/■tiarcr, Anc Her. 

idfllitftrlw* «. nm. a4f- .^otteriiip. 
«dalal»ry: dedeau,T«c. 

•dalMO.* ▼• adoletc 

idUo7 A^ Atom, I. V. a. [nn for 
■dokHyiCo /M0n Uke a dog; canes gui- 
Bira Tgdaadnlant, Locr. : canda nostrum 
sdalat aangnincai, vipet of ouar bUtod^ 
AtL In Qc—I'iUM,: nee anilari nos si- 

iAtior* ^Q>» X* «• cl9>* to fawm at a 
itg: feFsrum agmen adolantnm, Ov. 
^ Fig. to Jlatter or /amt WNm, 
tocnttge: constr. with oec or oat.: 
adalaci atqne admbwi fbftonam, Cic : 
prseaentilias, lir. 2. £>P> of t^ 
•tnrOa rercrenoe paid to Asiauc kings s 
■pacKwrur; nMire adalantiam procuboe- 
rant. lir. rperbaps from root m.^ 
0a^ *'a tail:*' benoe ad^uUor would 
MosB lit. '* to wag the tail at." The 
loterciiaDga of I and r is common.] 

idolter. ert m. and advlttaf •«» 
/. an aamlUnr or odaltercsf , Qc [It 
OQOtains the same root as that which 
SRwan in admltut. The notion is that 
flv " growtng." ** flxtaig." or ** Ikstening" 
•oe thing " to" another and extraneous 
ttiBg : hence aduUtritim and admUen^ 
tk are laed Uke our word ** adnltera- 

IMtfTj Sra, iram, a4^.K:adalte- 
ifaas. oMtoroM, Mmtkat U (daiffOj in 
(be Foetal Hor.. Or. ||. ipuriout, 
nmmta/eU: adnltera claTls. id. 

M^ftfffnUJT ^ im't a4r* radalter3 
odaUervMS. MNtriintf : Uberl soalterino 
angirfne nati, PUn. ll,Qtn, counter- 
feit, not fftnmme: s^ils adoltertnis 
elKtenare, Cfe. : daves, SalL 

iialtixlllia* U* «• [adnltar] iuii4- 
fery: aid in adnlterio deprdiendltar, 
Gk. Of plants: ingn^ing, IfaniL 
jl. admUeraUom: roellis. Flin. 

iOiltirOt A^ atom, I. V. a. and n. 
P4.]to cpwwrt odutory, to ii^U«; ob- 
srf. or with jIcc .* latrodnarl, mndare, 
adaliersre, Cle. : matnmas, Soet. : also 
of animals: adolteretor et colnmba 
nOTlo, Hor. H. Fig. : tafaUi/y, to 
m timftt JasdTiiepecunla,Cfe.: fadem 
(of ProCcQs), dktmga kit/otw^, Ov. 

UnltQt, a» mn. Part. [adolesoo3 
/mUfnum,ad»iU: adulta vligo, Ck. 

iUmbrfttiBI* 4m(«. [nmbia] in 
ikUek or outline, hoa. 

Idnmbr&tlOt <^qK /• pd.] a dram- 
ls9(«nbro>,yitr. Fig.:afliieec*: 
nlia est lans oratoils, cqjos In noetris 
onilooibas noo sit aiiqaa. si non per> 
fcnio. at oooatna tamen atqne ad., CIc 
a» mn. Part, [adum- 
dark: fbUacisa, Amm. 

, MbtUskedt impafect : adumbralam 
gloclae. Cm, UL onuUcr* 
feittd,/dUe: jndidom fllil,lid. 
IdFomlvo* An* atwDy I. r.a., to cost 

a ^adow upon: vineas. Col. ||. to 
delineate imperfecttjf, wtaice an ath 
proack to a correet reprcMntotton by 
painting: quis pictor omnia, qjuae in 
rerum natura sunt, adumbrare dididt ? 
Quint. III. Fig.: to shadow out in 
wordttgive a iketch oft I. e. to give an im- 
perfect description or idea of: heroum 
veteres casus adumbrare dlcendo, Cic 
IV. to iketch out in thought, feign, 
invent, a. 

ftdimoItAIt ^^» /• hMkednett, cur- 
vature inuKurde : roetrorum, dc 

ftd-nnoilft ^ ^°n> ^'t b^ inujordtf 
hooked: serrula adnnca ex onmi parte 
dentlum et tortuosa, Cic Poet.: prae- 
pes adunca Jovls, i. e. the eagle, Ov. : 
naao suspendere adunco, to soom, 

ftd-nrgiOi ^"^ 2. «. a. to preu to 
or againet, Cels. Poet., renus adur- 
gens volantem, pureuing dotely, Hor. 

&d-flrOf ^usi, ustum, |. v.a. to $ei 
/re to, to 6on«wmc 6y burtiin^, to seordk : 
in India sapientes sine gemitu adnruno 
tur, tuffer thenuelves to be burned, Cic : 
panis adustns, overbaked, Hor.: loca 
deserta et sole adusta, soorcslked, fUn. 

Jl. Fiff.: Venus non embesoendis 
t igmbus, Hor.: multa oontactu 
adurenles,o(m«iMn>N|7 (of locustsV PUn. : 
ne firlgus adurat, nio or bite with froet, 
Vbrg. 2. to irritate or inOam* by 
friction, VM. 

ftd-vfqiiet P*^- ^t^ •^<^- for usque 
ad, to, at far <u : adusque oolnmnas, 

MOStitOt SQi>>/> Caduro^, a burning, 
a bum, PUn. 

ftdllftnft ^ uoc^ Part, [aduio] 
tun-bumt, twarihy : adustloris ooloris, 
LIv. II. Aibsi. adusta, Oram, n. pin., 
burnt upon thejleth, Cels. 

id^flioTf tisus, 3. r. dqp. to ute up 
or contume : omne caaeum, Cato. 

adTeotitolllSt or -tLvs, a, um, a4j. 
radvectusj, <Mportod,/ore^: vinum. 

ftdVMtildf «nto. /■ [advehoL the 
eonvtyance ofgoodt, trantport. Fun. 

ad^aoto* ««. I. ». frcq. [id.], to 

carry or comey qften: ra fromentarlae 
oopiam, Tac 

ftdyeotor, wis.**, pd.] one who 
coneeyt, a carrier, PI., dub. 

■dT60tlll« A, nm, Part, [id.] 

MVMtllSt ^ "^ ssadvecdOk a bring- 
ing or oonMyM^, Tac 

ftd-TihOi 3d, ctum, |. V. a. (advezti 
seadvexisti, PL: advexessadvexiase, 
kL) to carry to, conduct, bring: and 
pass, to be carried, to ride on a hone, 
in a carriage, thip, etc. : ad navtm ad* 
vebor, row up to the afcto, PL : ex agria 
fromenttnn Bomam, Cic: dtato equo 
advectua, liv. With Jce. pert, t ad- 
vddtur Teocroa, Virg. 

Ad-vflOt ArB> 1. v.a. to veiL Poet, 
to wreath or crown; tempora lanro. 


ItSoa* M.e. [advenio] a foreigner, 
ttranger: and o^. atron^ foreign, 
alien (opp. to <n<%«ia): vokicres. 

Varr. : nos Jam non hoqiitea, aed pere- 
grini atqne advenae nominabamur.Cic: 
Tibris adv., at flowing from Struria, 
Ov. t poet. : amor adv., to«e for a fo» 
rtign maxdrn, kL : adv. reges, Liv. 
II. Fig. a ttranger to, It. igno- 
rant, inexperienced =s ignarus ; ne in 
nostra patria peregrini atqoe advenae 
ease videamur, Ck. 

ftd-viniOt vOni, ventom. 4. v. a. to 
come to, amve at, with ad, in, ot Ace. : 
ad forum, PL : in provindam. Cfe. : 
Tjrriam urbem, Virg. With tupine : ten- 
tatum adveni8,Ter. Of thii^: adve- 
nere llterae, leUert amt«d,Snet. : mare 
adveniens. the flowina tide, Plin. : ubi 
dies advenit, tcAen the day appeared, 
dawned. Sail. ||. to faU to, come 
into tmit piMetHon : quid atttnerst vim 
aflerre rel sua qtonte mox ad enm ad- 
ventnrae, liv. 

ftd¥0lltidllBf tlllft «. vDBi, adj. t ad- 
ventos] coming from abroad, foreign, 
ttrange : opp. to propriut, innatut, in- 
titut, etc : Mithrklates magnia adven- 
tidia oopiis jnvabatur, Ck.: adv. pe- 
cunia, not it^erited, or not originally 
omit own, kL ||. pertaining to ar- 
rival : advendda eoeiUk,a banquet given 
on ont^t arrival, Suet. 
^ advoiltOi •▼!. »tum, X. V. frtq. 
[Id.] to approaik, to arrive ati to 
adventare ac pnq^ adesse jam dsbes, 
Ck.: with Dot. adventante fatall orbl 
dade, Liv. : with Aoc. Bomam, SaU. 

adydntOTi oris, nit [id.] one who 
arrivet, a guett. Ft : also, a cuttomer, 

ftdvontnii fli (ifen. L Ter.) m. Hd.] 
an approach, arrivals ad uibom, 
Ck.: in urbes, kL U, t. t. of the 
"advent" or arrival of a Soman go- 
vernor in hit j»roi»nce,kL 

advartlm* omm, n.ptu. [ac. scrip- 
ta] a note4)oek, journal, wtewuranda, 
etc, Cic 

ftdvanillllB. •. vm, adj, [advema] 
turned towardt, tqipotite or oppoted to : 
tribunus sedidosis adv., Cic: adversaria 
(sc. aigumenta) evcrters, to refute the 
araumenit q^ an antagonitt, id. : po- 
pulna adv., lavklua stiam potentiae, 
alwayt in hottHe <^ppotition to than in 
power, Ncp. As subsL: on antago- 
nitt, an opponent, an enemy, a rival : 
pogiles edfim quum ferlunt adversa- 
rium Ingemiscunt, dc In the /em. .* est 
dbi gravki advenaria oonsdtuU et pa- 
rata, inoredibilis quaedam exn)ectatio, 

ftdTOnfttriz. Ids, /. [kL] • fe- 
male antagonitt, VX 

adTSnfttni* *» nm. Port, [adversor]. 

adyenlOt «n^/- [•dverto] a turn- 
ing or direeting towardt, Ck. 

adranitaa, »tii./- [adversus] con- 
trariety, antipathy, FHn. 

ftdveno (advofS.X ara, I. «. frtq. 
[jsdvertoj to attend vutdi, at attidu- 
outly : anhno adversavi sednlo, PI. 

MTtnor (advoTB.)^ atni, i. r,d«5p. 
[adversus] with dat., to be oppoted to, 
to rettet f hv^m Ubklint, Ck. In Ta& 



imt. ; qui UniM b<> $iratM, tkt eppa- 
$iU tf tUi, Hoc. : SninlDC adKni or 

tuTk : tid*iniMiiil ventl, ml aO. 

nS tvmaTiotr: porlu «JI tdrtno 1ITt4 
palHu. U>. Willi ecu.: Pune » 

PUn. lDHlnrnm,(aUe(a«ilaiMe. 

sdbl adr.. Ck. Adnn 

I n.iUtI'Dr 

mum «■. lo be «> turf r^ailt; Tk. ; 
■dT. iiilnilllt, Oitmmitten xuii.QDLiil. 

Zm the plnr, viff^vf wk, nlHrnlgr ; 
L *dv«r^ Qt : HlraiA nugDO* pro< 

■dramu (idvoiviii) "f ■dTamun 

III 1 tmSitj or biS^ HW: DBDO 

■drtmu fliril, Ur.: idnniBi In. ar 
Ttnln, to fB It wmt (vlth dot.): » 
■dnnniB^ hen, PL i pren ■Wi 

bdmU Utit rtiaigc toinmli or up Uc 

mtmtaiat, Chi. on«i dT > boiUla 

■dr. OsDm mlBiia hI, Eutnip. |t|, 
fflt ol, loirwYli. agaiftt .- Idquc ^ntnm 
foiiH fldTtrnm u lulwD EnUiim. J am 
UonMa ttnl lAli mu acctfUMi la 
am, TcT.: Rmedk prnprta idr. qus- 

bdT.eaeauDliv<pn'llt,liT,: iidvtrtm 
mSmyU, PI. IV te^^uriHti 

B.VIri.: idnnli 
^ .^. r~- '~> -Ja til SiT>IX«< I 
nrUnr ant. On. E« p. ■ nudaa < 

mApVlra. AbioL pnfucl fedvtnen 
nd. IhSsI. ai. U AotamDi. ul- 

■ moidU*, Or. Wuta iH.- idTo 

nne coptet b«tluiD Imtiucu 
. Ur. SnoRliHa ■dncu 


■dor OtatgUt h. 

iiiiUu«HKnlirlValaU(i.Cte. Binl]', 
kdTtnan taita*'- fltloila idnrtita tsa- 
">>; Vbc in. Ill (m twonif. np. 
'^- -UnNrn tr omUct.- HlvtniBM 
BtHbtot UMl nrieulu vM. Ur.; 
rMtnUit mnaqng ods idTmiL (wnol 
tlm •> Mm^, I^ : non docm (diiB- 

Sm. IV.AdnncnlDaUiianii— Uh 

•d-Tlgll*, ". 1. 1. «. (0 mUi ft] 
lo Artp pHord nvr. wlLhadoriJal,.' ■ 
auudliiiii Ignlii, etc ; purro nepoU, TD 
II. Fil. W talow OIK. tabi vigi 
laiti : il miigOeMoiim pro rd dlnlUb 

•drtrtOM^/- [«i™o]a«. 
„„^j,.*.v — ^- .1.1..'. ... 1." 


mlhl idvDliTli ad lors. pT: In ^temt- 
usm. etc. 7 lArino RotBua, U. 

»d-TOlTO, tL TMftiuin, J, ». a. It 
raUloor inoe-nti: rotnn tOcU.Ytis. 
E4p. of uppliulLB! lo llknw onettl/at 
Uu /«! or, I* rnatrott OOTKlf: co- 

»dTOWnm, BlytiiwBi, BlTorio. de, 

'i^tani. I. * {fiTbm. 0., -. Alt. 
ta Ntn.). [slunr. ool lo 1» enlondl 
■*( i iiii m niil pan ^ a temple, lA 
MMliMn idbeiKf oroelci IBS* tUf tm^ 
gxl wMS only prlolt. or tte inliotsl. 

1^ /. ' 

/. a ImiUiwa- |^ In tbe i^. • 


npinblLur. te WU lOtjUIOe. IH, Inlba paiI-Anc.pFr. 

mniM : tin« sdT.. Nop. : qm wl'. , aUmntf. olc Quint., Ti 
r«I.S.U. I .. I. ^ ...... . 


■dv. , oHonKiF, olc Quint., T*r. 

n. In fumawn (oiiisl., with sd. ifi, or Hat.) 

n.Cfc; I 

<P«V- a ^ 
T UfbplDia]! Hdpm JoTli 
biM w> hido. quH mt 
It, fo IJt( Inpk 1^ tta 

racafJTuor. Id tho plor. - udn 

(ftl/ In Ibe pin. u a collection irf 


I. Eor. Fli 

Id. For famOui : nl no loirrlllgua 
hie telostofU Hdlbu. Id Inva^ t/ulttm 
1/ Uti nitoJe »niH (lunlljr). Id.: gfk 

■rdn muni*, a oU^a'aat sn icUct lb 

pl>, a ato^: Hifkniui drdtcuwt.Ck. 

r^ a ^ FfIt. g. On loiiitiflaK^ 

null hmm (mcallrln Ibt plitr.).^!, 
Hulliu iwt»r fidt : baliult nbo aedl- 
m\Mt In Orlnb, Clt In (lag due. a 




tidifleitXo* Ontfti /• [Mdlfloo] a 
Medina or koiuemalnng : linmeDM et 
lBtal«ftbiliBae<L,Ctc. 2. a frttOdMi^, 
atimetwrt: domom tuom et aedlficft* 
tknon 4iiBi><nu ptrnezl, M. 
. Mdlflaftfionelila. m, /. dim. a 

MdlfMlOTt S'^ *^ [aedlflcol a 
hnUtr, artkiUet. Pig. opifex acidlfl- 
CBtovqw mondl^Clc. ||. Ad^.one icAo 
^/DMtf ^ bt rfMi w ^ ; hqpo iUo minat 

•aOfidlimt ii.M. [aadifiool a buOd- 
im$cf mt9 kind (while M(fe« dMiff- 

ttjWffao, ttvt, atom, I. «. a. [aedes, 
bei»1 ilU to erect a bKOdwi^. tobuOd. 
t AbeoL aooe ecdiflatt, PU Mil. i. 
1, 96: •ocnradns ad Mgora atqne aeetns 
vtaDdDaafed..GMa. U,Qen. tobuOd 
wft MoJbe, frame, amtlitMte : navem, 
uc: BriMoi. kL: bortoe, id.: doDnim, 
H: eqiani,Tiig.:maDdiiiii,Clc.: rem' 

ImmSTpenaimimg to on oedOe: smU- 
Mo Bumoe ftrngi. Gle. : largiUo. Uv.: 
ncU^il aedIliclorBBB,«e.iiniDeniin, Kiid 
to Ike Bedflfi /or iHi6Uc exAOrOtoru. 
Ck. : aadUlclna, i. m. to. vir, one vho 
Ud lam <M aediU: aed. est mortaus, 

atdlUs, !■> m, (AbL aedile. tat ae- 
M, Tec.) •« oedoe, a wtoffittratt at 
Mame wko had the auperiniendemce t^f 
ftUieemd private buiUUng$; ^aque- 
deed, rw>ff, <md acwert; ^ A« distri- 
httim y eom ; of the piMie lamde; 
y wmltifi, toei^Ato, and MeoeiAvt ,* <f 
pMic wonk^; <tf tkeatree and dro' 
matkperfmmfamee*: and gen. who «w- 
perlnimJkd tU d^tiet ^ poUee. The 
todOei aim kept the eenatta eontuUa 
^»i pUhtKJta. Tbej were 4 in nam- 
ber, 2 plcbefl and 2 conales ; the latter 
bdof the emj e i ' lu r , and distingoiahed 
bgr the tdia eundto and togaipraetexta. 
I. As aa miycL: aedUea Indi, 
'ic fOflMS, FL [Orlg. an m^. fttnn 
Uloe dTlBs, gentlUi, boatiUa,fhim 

V M aem<!, ae(BUtkip: peiere, Clc 
b tha Dter. tpUodor aedlUtatmn, id. 
a, mn. T. afedfUdns. 

. or aedltfionu (an earlier 

km for oflSliMu) l, m, the keeper of 
• («nal«; Vaxr. 

MUtlkanit mtia. «».aBacdltana, a 
■9^^«Cen|»(c,l^]cr. . 

.MdXt&Vl. U m, a ketper ef a tern- 
M«. a m^Utam (t^od^Aa^: aoditni 
ttotwk a qu e, Cfe.: qnalca aeJitDoa b»- 
"tot Ttrttu, what pattegpritts (ttam 
^Mdkol ihewli« ibe temples aa Ci- 

ttnr. gra, gnmi* oM. riek, indit- 
fMB^dtoMMd. I. OftbelMly: with 
*K. if onie or of part affected : bomi- 
•Pgrt morbo grmrU Oc : In agree- 
lirtch the part aflbOed: stomadnis. 

Hor.: aegra valetndo, Clc. SubtU: 
ne aegri quldem omnes convalescont, 
Clc Of planu lieges aegra, Virg. ||. 
Of the mind, when distempered 07 love, 
hope, fear, anxiety, etc : aegris animis, 
liT. 1. With Ml. animus aeger ava- 
ritia. Sail. 2. With Gen. anlmi, Ur. 
8. With ab: aeger ab anhuo, PU 
III. Of other things : suffering, dt' 
cayin{f,it\/irw^iad,9orrowful: maxima 
aegra et prope deposlta relpubUcaepars, 
Clc : dolores aegri, Lner. : amor, Virg. : 
aUoram felldtatem aegris ocoUs in- 
trospioere, with enviotu eyev, Tac: as 
a snbst. : pins aegri, more pain, PI. 

ftMig, Idls, /. aiyit, Hot, the Aegii. 

"fTihe shield of Jupiter, Vtrg, 2. 
the shield <f Mkterva, with Medtuafs 
head, ib. ||. Fig. : a shield, drfenee, 
Ov. III. in the larch-tree, the wood 
nearest the pith jnia. 

aegrtt odv. raegerl uneow^ortailjf, 
eexatwusljf, reluctamly, vritk rq^ret, 
displeasure, etc.: dlsoessit aegre ferens, 
taking it ill, displeased, (He: qood 
aegriuB patimnr, liv. ||. tpOh d^ 
cu2/v,joarceIyavix (jt6Kit): aegerrime 
oonfioere, Caes. 

aagrtOf Sre, 2. V. n. [id.] to be sick, 

aegmoOf Sre, |. verb, inch., to be- 
eome sicks morUs aegresdmns Isdem, 
^^ocr. II, Fig.: to grow woru: tIo- 
lentia aegraKit medendo, Vtrg. 2. <o 
be troubled, grieved : solUdtudlne. Tac 

a«grlm5iila* w. /• [*•««•] »<w"«no. 

anxiety, trouble, etc: lerrem graviter, 
si novae aqnrlmoniae locus esset, Cic 

aegxiOt aegrlsoo, for aegreo, aegruco. 

aegntOdo. inls, /. [aeger] indispo- 
sition, sickness {both of mind a$td body). 
Of the hoAj (for aegrotatio) : aegrltudine 
fessus, Tac. II. Of mind : gri^, sor- 
row,oare, etc: at aegrotatio in ooipore, 
sic aegritudo in anlmo, Cic 

aagror. oris, *». [id/] sickness, Locr. 

aegr6t&tl0, flais./rraegroto] sick 
ness, disease : prop, uf the body : cam 
longais oorn4>tus est, morbl aeerota* 
tionesque nascontur, Clc ||, Fig. : 
also of the mind : nomen Inssniae sig- 
niflcat mentis aegrotationem, Id. |||. 
Of plants, Piin. 

MgrOtOi *^* stum, I. r. n. [segro- 
tosT to be s%ck. Of the body : din aegro- 
Uvft, etc. Of planU: PUn. ||. Of 
the mind : aegrotare vitio aliqoo animi, 
Hor. III. Of other things: to lan- 
guish, etc : In te aegrotant artes, PL 

aagxtttOf. a. nm. a**. [••ge'J »<«*, 
diseased: prop. of the bour: ussubst., 
consllla at^tis damns. Ten: as oc^. 
oorpas. Hot. ||. Fig.: Of the mind, 
etc : animus, Att. : hoc remedlum est 
aegrotae relpablicae, Cic 

leOnot, i. m.»«lA«voc. a son^ qf 
lament, a dirge, Ov. 

Mnmlat ^- semulos. 

•amlU&tlOi Onls. /. [aemolor] a 
striving to do like or better than ano- 
tker, emulation (in both a good and a 
bad sense). In a good senie: laudis, 
Mep. : gtoriae, Tac : naturae (In paint* 
C 2 

ing), Plln. H. In a bad sense : jea- 
Umsy, envy, rivalry ; aem. vitlosa, quae 
HvaUtati simiUs est, dc 

aamtU&tOTi oris, m.jrid.] an emula^ 
tor, imitator: ejus (to.cktonls), Clc 

aamU&tllfi fi«* ». :=» semulaUo, 
emulatian, rivalry, Tac 

MmiUor» «tas, i. v. dtp. raemalus! 
tomakeonestiU arival,tostr{eeUn 
or exceL another, to vie uHth, emuuue i 
also, to efwU. |. In a good sense: 
with Ject Plndanun aemulari, Hor.: 
sereritatem aUa^. Tac Rarely with 
IkU. vetertbos aem.. Quint. : and ab so 1. 
poeri in sdioUs aemuiantur. Id. ||. In 
a bad sense: to be envums or jealous of: 
genermUy with Dat.: iis aem. qui ea 
Eabent,quae nos habere cupimus. Cic : 
with cum I ne mecum aemuletur, liv. 

aemlilllli a> tmi, at^. striving after, 
emulous : (with Dat. or Gen.) f. In 
a good sense: summis oratoritas, Tac : 
laudnm, Clc ||. In a bad sense : en- 
vious, gntdging: subst. a rival: with 
Gen. (>irthsgo aemuta imperil Romani, 
SalL : me aemulum non habebis, Cic. 
III. Of things: competing wiUi, ri- 
vaUing, comparable to : with Dat. : tibia 
tubae aem., Hor. 

tor, Oris, in Fest. aenator. 

a truiweter: Suet. 

_^__-JI or ahSneuSf «. vm, adj. 
[aesj of brotue : signum ullum aeneum, 
Clc : afoeus nt stes, i. e. that a bronte 
statue may be erected to thee,}ior. I|. 
^afrrorueootour: barba. Suet |||. 
solid or hard as metal : mums abeneiis, 
Hor.:proles,Metotuena|;w,Ov. {Aeneu», 
another form of aereus, n and r being 
interchangeable : cf. mttrus and munio, 
Upor tuaadonum. jlA«neia, lengthened 
form of aeneus, the letter h being often 
Interposed between rowels.] 

arniigmiit fttis. n. « mkwo, an 
enigma, riddle, anything dark or ol- 
scure: allegoria quae eat obscurior, 
aenigma dldtur, Qtunt. : obscuritalcs et 
aenlgmata sonmiorum, Clc 

&MiXpM or fthinlpeif S<^> ^• 
[aeneus pes] (nnosen/ootod : boves, Ov. 

UoiUB (trisyl.) or UiinilS. ». nm* 
a4if. [aesj if bronse (only poeL for ahe- 
neus): signa, the brasen images of the 
aods, Locr. Hence a&>um ^. vas), a 
braun vessel, Vlrg. : ||. Fig. frm, 
invincible (cf. adamantinus) : manus, 
Hor. 2. hard, ineKorame, oorda, 

Mqn&MUl. «* o4f. I^qool equal, 
uniform, equable, steady: motus qui- 
dam oertus et aequaUlls,MfiiA>ni». Clc : 
pnedae partitlo. Id.: fluvtns, wAtdk oi* 
tcays has the same current, equable. Id. : 
cunotis rltae offldis aequabllis,cofui«tent 
in aU the duties ff life, Tac. ||. 
equitable, just : with in and Ace. : sta- 
tus rdpubUcae non in omnes wdhied 
dvitat^ aequablliN Oc 

aeqnUmltat, fttis,/. [aequablUs] 
equality, unj^rmity : motiis, Cic : 
aequabtUtas- m omnl vita, evenness cf 
temper. Id. : Ipsa aequablUtas est iniqva, 
quum babeat nullos gradus dignitatis, 





tiqualUjf qf ttaUon, Id. : elaborant alii 
in leoiute et MquAbiliUte, imt/onm<jf 
of itvle, id. II* ^9**^* impartialitjf : 
in rebus cuuiiqiiB dvimn aeqiiabUilaUa 

aMQnftbmter* adv. [id.] uniformly, 
uauy : acquabJUter pnedam disper- 
t, (3c Ctmp. aequabUias atqne ood- 
atanthu leae na htunanaa Itaberent, 

aMiiMTllli «. mn. a^, [Motnu, ae- 
vomj of equal agt : amicus. Vug. 

MQUiliSt «. «V- [•equo] Of place : 
even, egruoi, level, unooth. In a physical 
sense: terra afgnalls, Ov. Hence eguo^* 
like: with Dot. or as a 5mM. with 
(*en.: partem pedis esse aequalem alteri 
parti. Cic II. Of age: of persons: 
(a) fff Ou tame age : P. OrMus, mens 
fere aequalis, Clo. (b) In gen. oon- 
temporary: FhlHstas aiiqnalis illorom 
tempomm. Id. (e) In the comic poets, 
esp. In connection with arnicas: oom> 
rode: amice, salve, mi, atqne aeqnalis, 
ot vales? PI. 2. Of things: coeval, 
ooexiMleni: Delotarl benevolentla In po- 
pulum Romanmn est inelus aeqoalls 
aeUti, ii at old at kiwu^f, Clo. |||. 
Hence mttfvrm, equabU: nil aeqnale 
homlnl Aiit 1111, Hor. : aeqnall Ictu fret* 
sclndere, Ov. (Hence Fr. igal, ItaL 
eguale, uauale.) 

MquUXtalf fttl*. /. Caeqnalls]. Of 
place : seemieM, tmoidhnett : marls, Sen. 
Fig. equality, untformity: simiUtodo 
aequaluasqoe verborom, CIc. Of po> 
litlcal equality : omnes exuta aeqnall- 
tate Jussa Prindpls amectare, Tac Of 
equality in age : aeqnalltas vestra, CIc 

aeanftlXteri odv. [kL] equaUy, «m<- 
fontUy, eqttaUy: coIUs ab summo ae- 
qnaliter declivis, Osas. : reverentius et 
aequaiios dud parebant, Tac 

M41lillIlllI«M» i^ /• (nf^ fof 
aequtts animus)r«iWfMies« qf mind, tm- 
partialUy: bonitas vestra atque aequa* 
nimltas, Ter. 8. patience, eoltmiew, 

MqnUlOf Onis./. [ae^] on equal- 
ieing, equai diUriXmUons gratlae et 
dlgntUtU, CIc 

M4VAniS« <^ Q°>* P<iort. [aequo]. 

Mqi$, adv. equally, jutl at: duae 
trabesaeque loogae.Caes.: usually with 
atque, ac, ft, ae si : nisi aequo amicos, 
et nosmetipaos dlUgamus, CIc With 
quam: nihil aeque eos terrult quam 
robar et color ImpenUorls, liv. with 
ut (rare): nihil aeqos ut lM«vitas placet, 
PUn. With cum: novl aequo aatmia 
tecum. Ter. WithoM.; nulliuesthoc 
metlculosus aequa,PL : sometimes aequo 
doubled OS asque ac; aequo panperibus 
prodest, looupletibas aequo, Hor. ||. 
juttly, equitably: mlhi id aequo factum 

aM1ll4IMtelf Stls, /. (a word 
coined byuc mm a^). aequiUbrisX 
the equal dittribuiiom qf tKe powert qf 

MQIlI-Utelliaf II. «i. OB sorn- 
balance, a level or kmrimmidl potitiem, 
tquUihrium, Sen. 


Mqnl-nootlUlf* e, o^;. [aequi- 
noctiumj pertaining to the equinose, 
uil : drculus in coelo (Me e^MO- 

Mqnl-npetitnm, l. n. [aequua nox], 
lit.: equal night time, the equinom: 
aequlnoctlum exspectare, CIc 

MQIlI-piribuifli e. a^' [aequiparo] 
admitting qf oompariton, compatrable. 

M4llI*P&rQf *yU Atum, I. V. a. 
[aeqnns paroj, to put on a level, to 
compare^ Ween. With ad or Dot. : suas 
virtutes ad tuas, PL: Jovis Solisque 
equis aequiparari dktatorem, Liv. ||. 
V. n. to equal,come up to: with Dot., but 
more ftrequently with Jee.: ut nemo 
Bodoram me aequiparare posset, liv. 

MqvItMf fttti,/. [aeqnus] eemnesc, 
ItJbeiieM QOttixe or shape), coitformity, 
tymmetry : portionum aequitate tat- 
bata, Sen. ||. Fig., Jutt condiuet 
towardt othert, equity, faimett, in^ 
partiality, oourtety, etc.: pro aequitate 
contra Jus dioere, Cic |||. moderoHon 
or oalwmett qf mind, equanimity: ani- 
mi aequitate plebem contlneret, Caes. 

aoqnOi *^ atum, i. v. a. [aequua] 
to make level, in the physical sense : 
aequata agri planities, Cic Fig., solo 
aequaodae sunt dlctaturae ccmsulatus- 
que. mutt be aboUthed, Liv. I|. to 
make equal: with cum, dot., or aKiol.: 
opes cum potentisslmls aequarl, Caes. : 
aequato omnium perlcuto, M. Poet., 
Ibsiit aequatl numero, divided into 
equal parlt, Vlrg. : foedera regum vel 
GabUs vel cum ngldls aequata Sablnis, 
made on equal termt, Hor. |||. to 
compare : m CIc with cum ; later with 
dot. : omnium ante damnatorum ficelera 
vix cum h«\)us parva parte aequarl con- 
ferrlque posse, Cic: no aequaveritls 
HaimibaIiFUl4>pam.Liv. |V. HlUt. 
1. 1. aequare frratem, to fonn a front 
or li»«, Liv. V. PoUt. 1. 1. aequare 
sortes, to equaliee the lott, L e. to shake 
them in the titella to that they might 
be fairly drawn, do. Vl, v. n. or a., 
to equal, come up to: with Dot. or Ace.: 
qui jam Ulis fere aequarunt. Id.: ea 
arte aoqtissset superiores regea, liv. 
Poet. : sagitta aequans ventoa, Uke the 
windt in tur^MSt,y)j%. 

aeqnOTi oris, n. [aequus] ajlat, level 
twfaee: speculomm aequor, a plane 
turfaee, as of a mirror, Iawt. : in cam- 
porum patentlum aequoribus habitantes, 
Cic: aiid without campus: Daren ar* 
dens agit aequore toto, Vlrg. ||. With 
gen. of mare, pontns. etc., the mffaot 
of the tea: vastum maris aequor arsn- 
dum, id. Hence aequor alone is used 
poet for the tea. In prose after Aug. 
period: pladdum aequor, Tac 

Mqnoriltlt ^ am« <x(^- [aequor] 
qf or pertaimng to the tea: rex, Ifqh 
tttne, Ov. : BrItannI, the Britont tut' 
rounded by the tea, kL: genus, ^Ufc, 

aMUlUt •. urn, a^i. Of place: 

level, JUU : aequus et planua locos, Qc. 

8. In the histt., as subat., a IsmIt a 

plain : Ikdlem in aequo campi victorkun 
fore, Liv. II. Fig.,/ht)Dttra6Ie,oofi- 
venient. L Of place: locum se 
aequum ad dimkanaum dedisw, Gsai. 

2. Of time: miUtes et tempore et 
loco aequo instructos, liv. S. In 
gen.,<^ persons or things: /svonr- 
able, friendly, etc AbsoL: conao- 
queris ut eoa Ipsos, quoa ccmtra sutnaa* 
aequcs placatosque (Umittas, (ac With 
dot. : aequa Vepua Teucris, Pallaa Inlqua 
Mi, Ov. Wlui in and ^«oc: quia hoc 
statuit, quod aequum sit in Quintiam, kl 
iniouum esse in Maevium i Ck. Poet., 
witn in and Abl. : vktw erat* quamvia 
aequua In hosts ftiit, Tfl>. Hence, 

4. Aequus. 1, ai. subst., a friend: 
Partbos absentinm aequua, praesentibas 
mobiles, Tac |||. e^ial, Wee : aequam 
partem tu tibi aumpseiis ac populo 
Rom.miBerl8,<AeAa{ACk;. Ofadrawn 
battle : aequa manu discedefa, SalL 
Adverbiallv: 1. ex aequo, in Itlae 
manner, equally: dlM^ptatio ex aeqao^ 
Liv. 2. In aequo esae or «tare, to be 
equal, to ttand on a level, be on an 
equality with. Sen.: In aequo ponere, 
to put upon a level, to compear, Liv. 

IV. /W, impartial, equitable. 1 . 
Of peraons: abtoU or with DaL: 
praetor aequus et saddens, CIc : praebero 
se aequum alicuLkL 2. Ofthinga: 
paratos prope aequo Marte ad dtmloii- 
dum, in a fair JUld, Caes. As neutr. 
subst. : faimett, equity, juttioe, righi : 
utUltaa JuatI prope mater et aeqid, Hor. 
Often with comp.: i^juiias gravius 
aequo habere, to fed too deqply, SaU. 
Hence aequum eat, U it reatonable, ft, 
etc With ace. and inf. : d Qermanoa* 
In OalUam transire non aeqimm exlsti- 
maret, Caes. With JbL: plus vklis- 
sem ouam me atque iUo aequum foret, 
umda have been beoomimg mi me ana 
him, PI. Aequum as subst veiy fteq. 
with boimm; wkoi it right and jutt ? 
ex aequo et bono, non ex callldo ver- 
sutoque Jure rem Judkarl apartex^, Ck. 
Also without a coi\junction : 1111 aequum 
bonum tradldenmt, M. The oompara^ 
tives are used In a similar way : aeqnhia 
melius, more justly and equiUMy (lesal 
term), kL V, In agreement vnth 
animut or ment: calm, competed, r^ 
tigned: conoedo, et quod animus aequua 
est et quia necesse est kL £^. in 
the AbL adverbially: aequo Q^eqmore, 
aequlsslmo) anlmo, oontentealy, with 
resignation : detilmentum aequiore anl- 
mo ferendum dooet with greater retig- 
nation, Caes. Hence, aequi bonlque 
fkcere aliaxdd^ to put iip wi^, aequietee 
Ml, etc, cic 

UTi Urts, iii. (gen. Or. tesna. Jee, 
aerem and Or. aera. Aee. pUs. neut. 
aera) k 44p. Me air, prop, the lower 
atmoephere, in contnidlitlnctkm to 
aether, the upper pure air : imndmna 
est dfr illi (aetherl) levitate kwoquc, 
Ov. Also in plur. : aftribus blnis, Lucr. 

n. Poet : aSr summns arbocts, tte 
airy tummit, Yirg. : doud, mitt, Yenua 
obararo gradtentes aVre sepdt. kl 




Mfteimilt I* *•• A treasurjf or bank: 
Mtariiim privatum (Oies«rto}, Nep. 
tt. Eep. the treatwre of the Rom, 
ftoflttheftii^tkt temple tfStUurma; 
•im, flU treaeuiTf (as a boikUng) : 
referra pecanlam in aferarinm, to pay 
into tke tnatmry, Oc : aenuium nno- 
flat, a l e tjaul /mmd, to be toadied 
oolj In case of Med : Llr^ do. And 
Fig. fflic (In scrlbendo) opea velot 
asoeUoR qoodam aerarlo recondltae, 
^oint. Aerarium mlUtare, the mUi- 
tmrjf dkctf . Tac In the ireasoiy the 
pobUc irchlvea also w«re kept, * and 
the stindanls The aerarhnn (pnblfc 
t rwui y) was distinct ttom tht flscns 
(the CBperof's treasory): v. Smith's 
Ant. II. 

Miixliii, a, mn, 047. [aee] pertain- 
img to coppetf bnmaet etci aerarlae 
eoppsr MMief , Oaes. : fkber 
, a braeiar or ooppe nwu th, PUn. 
pertainittg to momy : propter 
ratkinem. the itanaard of the 
C3c: tribimos aenulus, wko 
the ditlbur$ememt$ of the 
j^ Yon. II. Abooit. as sobsL: 
1. sc fiber, a copper-tmUkf bratier^ 
2. <c. drls, a degpraded eitiMen, 
nl fie et to a higher rate of taxation, 
omS dearltwd 4/ Ait tote, ftnith's AnU 
II : mSarre aliqnem in aerarios, Clc 
Italf *» vm [ees3 fumUhed or 
wiA copper, or bronte : lecti, 
with bnuen/eet, Clc.: naves, 
Hor.: porta^ Or. Poet.: sdes, armed 
raaJts, Vlrg. ||. Sarosstic of a rich 
mam: triboni noa tarn aeratl, quam 

Aflrtofl (trIayV), a, mn, <u|f. [aes] 
made of brimee, cooper, etc. : cornna, 
Vb^ %, fttrmaked or eorered with 
bronte, copper,etc. : cUpens, Virg. : pop- 
pia. U. Sobet. : aereos, 1, ». se. nnm- 
■na, a copm^ coin: aereos signatos 
oaoatitoeic. vltr. : aerenm, i, n., a copper 
eUoier, PUn. 

meniat O*^^}* ^^ Smm, o^f. 

rsM, fero] oeaniv brtuen ejfwtbalt (of 
the attendants of fiacdras): aeriferae 

loomltmn, Ov. 

[.pM, Uis, (M^. [aes. pes] bra- 
^-footed: tanrl,Ov.: cerva, vi^ 

Mri.#6ailf, «* am. 04/- C*^ K>nol 
oomndimg with bronoe : Ultra, in wkiM 
CW Cwreteibeat their brazen AiOde, SiU 

Ijffllfl (qnaMsji.). more rsr. iir^ 
Of, a, ma, adff. ^i lefHot : pertaining 
to the air, airf, aerial: vohicret, Lncr. : 
sirtes visa carpere, to take their airy 
woy, Ov.: aftias domos, the heavens, 
Hor.! eertam mei (becaose H was be- 
Saved that the bees collected their 
hoosT from the mofstnre held In stis- 
pendon by the air), Vlrg. 2. riHng 
al^ in At air, hi^ : Alpes, id. : 

qwitmv ^ 

MrtgblSfllSt ■• ^n^ <^- /<^ <lf 
(Bfpirnaf, ntsty: mamu. Sen. 


MrtgO, mis./. ruH of copper loe%], 
t 2, a« «er*^ri« jirgHH 
PIte, 8, Po't.: 

"epoml /roa* 

veterem com tota aemglne follem, the 
old bag with all its dross, Juv. ||. 
Fig., envy, iU-wiU: haec est aenuR) 
mera, sheer malioe or spite, Hor. 2. 
avarice: anlmos aerugo et cora pecoli 
com semel imbnerlt. Hor. 

aenuniLaf m, /. ton, both bodily 

and moital, need, hardsh^, distress, 
calamity, etc : moeror est aegritndo 
flebiUs: aermnna aegritodo laboriosa: 
dolor aegritndo cmdans, Clc. : oollecta 
viatfca mnlUs aerumnis, with much 
hardship, Hor. 

MnuniiftMliii «. o4j'* f*M qf 
trotMe, calamitous, Lucr. 

a«ni]iiii2«ni. ^ nm, 04/.. fioi of 

troMe, suffering, wret^ed, Clc 

a6f« serls, n. eojpper ore : aes Cyprlnm, 
whence, coprom, copper; scoria aeritt, 
oopper^irou or scoria, PUn. 2. * 
composition of copper and tin, i. e., 
bronte. The word should not be tnuis- 
lated brass, since brass is a combination 
of copper and sine, and all specimens of 
andent ol^)ect8 fonned of aes are found 
upon analysis to contain no sine; v. 
Smith's Ant. 12. ||. Met every 

thing made qf copper or bronze, (as 
statues, weapons, armour, taJbles, money, 
etc) : dncere aliqnem ex aere, to cast 
ones image in bronte, Plin. |||. 
money, since the first Rom. coins were 
made of copper: ancillaaere sooempta, 
Ter.: aes drcnmforanemn, torroireii 
from the bankers or money-ctea2er« in 
the forum, Clc Hence the {Erases, 
1. aes aliennm, lit., Me money qf 
another; hence, a diebt : habere aes alle- 
num, to be in ddtt, Clc : susdpere, to 
borrow, id. : in aes aliennm incMere, to 
get atfott into debt, Id. : in aere alieno 
esse, to be tn debt, id. 2. In a^^e 
meo est, fig., he is in my pay or 
service; he is my supporter, or adhe- 
rent, id. 8. AUci^ aeiis esse, to be 
qf some value, OelL 4. In a^^ *no 
censeri, to be ettoemed ocoordtn^ to its 
intrinsic worth. Sen. The phrase per 
aes et Wmnn expresses a mandpatio, 
or pnrdiaae of a res mandpl: v. man- 
dpimn. ly. Sometimes, the stan- 
dard w*it qfthe coinage (cf. as): hence 
aes grave, the old heavy coin (which 
was weii^ied, not counted, viz. a pound 
to the As) : denis mllllbas aeris gravis 
reos oonwnnnavit, L4v. 80 aes alone 
in gen. sing, for aaslum : aeris miUies, 
trldes, joo,ooo asses, Clc Also for 
coins smaller than an as (quadrans, 
triens,eto.): nee pueri credunt, nisi qui 
nondum aere (i. «. quadrante), lavantnr, 
(the price at the public baths was a 
quadrans), Juv. y.urtges,pay. \, 
a soldiers pay sBstlpendium : negabant 
danda esse aera milltibus, Uv. : aere 
dirutus miles, a soldier who has for- 
feited his fay, Clc Hence in plur. like 
st^iendia for miZttary strvioe, id. 2* 
reword, paywtent, in gen.: nullum In 
bonis numero, quod ad aee exit, that 
aims at reward. Sen. yi. In plur. 
aera, wwnters, the items cf a cdtcuUk- 
(ton, Clc 

(turn («ac.), I, n. [aesculus] 

a forest of oaks, Hor. 

aMoPhu («sc.). «, um, adj. [id.] 

aesoftlus, !./.«« uaUst species cf 
oak, the winter or Jtaiian oak (toiih 
edUke acorns), sacred to Jupiter: Vlrg., 

aai tell Itls, f. the hot season : Ara- 
bes campos et monies hieme et aestale 
peragrantes, Clc In a restricted sense : 
the summer : aestate ineunte, <U the 
beginning of sum$ner,lA.: nova, Vlrg. : 
jam adulta,Tac. : 8umma,Clc: exacta. 
Sail. : per aestatem Uauidom, the calm 
sumnur air, Vlrg. )|. Met. a year 
(chiefly as the season of a campalgii) : 
quae duabus aestadbtis gesta, Tac 
[Aes-tas i>rob. contains the same root 

aestlferf ^a, Srom, adj. [aestus 
feroj brinmng or producing heat : ignis, 
Vlrg. 2. sultry, hot: Libyes arva, 

aestibn&Mliif «• o^;* [aesthno] txi- 
huMe, estimable, Cic 

aestlmfttlo. tol»,/. [id.] tt< money- 
value of a thing, the settmg a value 
upon : potestas omnia aestimatlonis ba- 
bendae censorl permittitnr, C^ : aesti- 
matlo fnunenti. the vcduaiion qf com 
to be furnished, id. : aequa facta aestl- 
matlone. cU a fair vcMuUion, Caes. : 
aestimatio poenae, the assessment of a 
fine, Clc : aestimatio Utium, tks assett- 
ment qf damages in a suit, id. : aesti- 
matio poesesdonum et remm, an ap- 
praisement qf estates and personal pro- 
perty, Gaes. Hence, in aestlmationem 
acdpere, to accept an estate at a full 
valuation : a Marco Laherio C. AlUnius 
praedia in aestlmationem accepit, Cic. 
And Met aesUmationes ae prsedia, e»- 
tates : quando aestlmationes tnas ven- 
dere turn potes, id. Ironically : 
aestlmatloDem nodpere, to suffer loss, 
id. II. In gen. Fig. : a valuation : 
semper aestnnationem arbitrlumque 
^Jus honoris ^nes senatum ftdsse, liv. 
III. Poet: (^uwrMo/'aMui^.Cat 

aoSum&tOTt I^Tls, m. ^id.] a vdluer, 
appratser: Arumenti, Cic 2. Fig*: 
an estimator or valuer (not in a pecu- 
niary sense): nemo erit tarn ta\Justus 
rerum aestiroator, id. 

aeetimOi avI, atmn, i. v.a. to valu^, 
appraise (In money), with gen. or aU. 
pre^'t, or with ode. .* domum emit propo 
dimidio carius, quam aestimabat Cic. 
Hence litem alicid or allcujns, to assetts 
the damages, after sentence of condemns^ 
tion had been passed, espedally in ac- 
tions de repetnndis: also of ii^Juries 
done bv the 8ut«)ects of one state to 
those of another : Caesar arbitros intor 
dviiates dat qui litem aestiment poe- 
naroque oonstitaant Caes. ||, Fig. : 
to estinuUe, to value (not tn a pKunluy 
sense): ii expendimt et aesthnant vo> 
hiptates. Clc Constr. L withes or 
the simple AU., denoting theatandsrd : 
vulgns ex veritate panoa, ex oplniono 
multa aestimant, id.: virtutem annls 



a.O'ara. Uh. Carl. 8, 
. ir oM, •!«• wllh lAU: 

"rii, fWL [If*. ™>i .ifc 

■MtlTS, ••I. "i™. I. ». ". r«»Unn] 

hllwTHaJuTUiUcltiiiil.C'tc,: umpurHmt 

Vlr»,i un. H«,: imbn, 0». : ni). 

(MuurtuMim.LlF. 1 (in MnbnUak 
n^frafAam Aha ojifmjacAi/viiifn', kL: 

-^ 'tjtv», Ac Imrmiiit itrla. Bar. 
tlU, b fUd MM, Pk), ■>. 

. of Brv: uif,jln,- trttv Jpie 

FJg, of 1«T«T» Influ nm i H on. etc: ho- 
inlDH ugri nmi hu febifqgi .Jk- 
luDir, etc 9. Uf (M OHd /M 0/ 


■niairf^lo.i nbumpumfi 

t detts« Ihc penaca llpiiMilni ^ 

mf if tUna: dtlptdnet 
1. ud Fig.: anynoFnil 

Tir, qnu UiHbnii, CIc. [Trom tlie 
M TOM u H*tu, q. v.] 
laUi, till. /• [cooir. tran Hrtui. 
Ik,] (am, slur, uhl Ktuuni : but 

i^Cfc. a. M»L! ywlVU 

'~MtaniItU, Ui. /. [HUnnu] mr. 
■iff ■- tf^ qnwup »b iaBaha imnpar* 
IfH, qouii null* tonpunan cir- 

■-'"-■-siiaiitdgu>ll,U. Alwof Ihlut 
gdnfalkm: Gii|i4fto kict^uTu 

fnUu, etc. : PllD. 

Mtarii6< 1^^- tvaiattiirffif: aolenu 

rrprtnatf, to immartaUMt: vtltuta In 

TltKl], lit. a^V-lOjeUltf, Ai AlHHOf, 

ufuv /<T a f«ip time : DAC eftt 1%H> 
m HUmloT natiin (de n(c), ydB. 

obtuenFTt MmwpA ap«, PI. ; dhlnnn 
OUU MIU IpnlUi pertoUt. Jill ymitk, 
CIc: multena qnkiui prr netilnu td 

□ppv, Cut^ : ulm WQnU>rii» Ut kp«i 
>iD> /or Ut (OHOifiJIfp. L (. Um 4in] 

Imh' ■iw' imdlKl DuU l<« •/ lift, Id, 
AiHl dT Dfclw thlDca ; Mv Ytier- 

tgH^ Om ■HFld, HIM. 
RM, hTTH. Ov. : HI..— 
A Id. V/v <■'» « ■*"">■ 

n itMiiihia tlH DHlul dT I»- 
oUrcllw ufl. It to tup)<^jTd 


uOtSla. tt /. *-, - 


n pMfttnUba 

^athirliu ind aethiitat, *• nm, 
rfJtnAl: ildnmiatbcilliAMxftaiTtmiA, 

Ddb«i. Lucr. 3, 5<rlainii«o to CiU 
■irrrr «»«.■ TWd utm utbcria, VllB. 

ATtiilo|iiaD ■llHl. Ju>. : iwil ■• aOi. 
UlplK Attbbipr, Oc. 


>faiMthn.yifi. 8.tt0c(0ar, 

idcy* ridflf^M* Id. 

MfitM, itto, /; [yyyn] U».oW 
iana of ftMM ooonning fat the II Tables : 
CeniQRS popoU MviiAtee. mboks,£imi- 
liaa. pecnnieMioe oeitMQto,€lc. 

I, n, pn llaaU end Locr. 

1. M.1 (MMOypoet. for mIm.) 

q^ iwe; fa) ooefc oU b««U «evo 

mo friMntar, CSIc. : ttermUMt 

yr^xaUm per Mvtan, Locr.: m 

/or aU time, Hor. |L t*«« 

ff lirci^: (natara hmneae) fanbecUU 

aerl brevto, 8*U. : mfom si qnie 

te perconutoitgr aevum, «y 4^ Hor. 
la» etvl, yoMlA, Or. : faiteier aevi, A 
ae«r«iM^l/«.Vfas. 2.«<<<«V«« 
cwActiM aevo. Id. : annif aevoque to- 
kid, Ov. Also of tldngs; aemm arto- 
PUn. III. cm or genenUUm: 
ImctMM (of Nestor). Hor. 3. 
Uvimg tn Me foaw 0^ fa>* 
BostriMvtVeU. IV.dMroiJdM 
Ume fai gen. : omniA vituMk denUbaa 
,0r. ^>«niMctedwttli««f«M'.«ti-<i. 
•!«. la the Etraaoan aifU ligDifled 

•fiUiil (•df.X «. «![. [•fl^ri]. lit. 

be ifokm to : beon, mujf qf 

ngoJbU : com in oinnl 

albbilem m eeae 

aiUIItM. &tle. /. [aff^l <^a- 
MMv. ■sMeiMiL OMiriew. Gic 

%aijfi{jM\VaUL,\,%.agp, Of this 
«crb the only ftnaa In me are, tbe !««• 
•catlBdloetlTe (bat not In the ibvt per- 
•00 A«.X the perfKt perildple, the 
iuflidai e, end the and penoo ei^ of 
the tanpnathr*: to tptak it, aeooti : 
lleet cnfan ▼erriboe Hilwi oflil effiul 
te. Attloe, qolbas ofktor FUnnlninnm 
preeaado afamiir Vcatam, 
r. Or. : lie podtom 
coii»aa. My /ornrelX (o, 
yiif. 2* Augor. 1. 1. 6>Mf.) to^ 
He ttMOf y fk« mifptai. VaffT. 

■iOtim («1^X •!•<> written ad fik 
tfm, a<l«i. amJfkei€nUif, au mg k, obiMi- 
inlieria una QnS<|nklnn ^**^f??fnf 
in.(whei« afitdnu like aatk. 
froitn,toeooatr.a4)eet.): alia* 
Urn Hllau (aqaUa). Cle.: aibtlra aatla- 
fbecre atteni, id. : need like abonde and 
a iiibet. with Gtm. t oopiaram, 

(mux Part [elfiull. 
(atf.). Oa, ». [afbrll a 
I.* reginam amim 

alBMtUto («ltX ODi«. /. [alleetol 
on eoftr dmin/or(tn both a good and 
a bad leaae): pldloaopUa eaplentiaa 
aaareetetafltoctalk>,8en.: NerrUdrca 
aBedatlooeca GennanJoae orlgtaiie nltro 
■ifeilloit enat. im Ikeir dmire to pan 
ftte§rmem$,Tm:,: hnptxii, atpirimg to 
tkt mmin, SiieL B. tarrfml tUOff 


nromp t e i 5y f^mdneu for tht tvMeet, 
PUn. m. In rbetoric. dfart vntlumt 
effect, afftetaJtioiL, conceit.- nihil est 
odiostne affieGtatlone. Quint. 

affMt&tor (Adf.). Oris. ». rai OM 

toko Mtrivei afUn Josti amoru, £atr. 
—In a bad senae : niniias risds affocta- 
tor. Quint 

aiSMtltllf (adf.)* A, um. Part, (af- 
fe^o). In rhet. : dhoioe. far'ftUMA, 
ffwftfff. Quint, 

aflietfo (edt). Onls. /. [affldo] tA« 
beiM^ t^KUd or touaud, feelimg^ 
w4Bot: Ckxn oalls it a sudden chuige 
of mind or body: affecdo est animi ant 
corporis ex tempore aliqna de causa 
commntatio: but It is nsed.gen. to de- 
note a oondtftbn of bodjf or wtimd, 
whether permanent or transient. |. 
Of the body: iU utOed constitution: 
tn qui defli^eris summnm bonum fixma 
corporis a ffec tio ne oontineri. Cic. J|. 
Of the mind : a frame qf huimI, Or. 
diotft^K : virtus est affecdo anImi coo* 
stans oonvenlensque, Id. : omnes reotae 
animi aflectioaes vlrtates appellantur. 
rUktfedingt, Id. |||. Of other things : 
aflecUo astronon Taiet ad qnaadam res, 
ike ditpoeition tff the stare, id. ly. 
afamntreMe diepoeition, love, goodviu : 
e^t Nero grates patribus, laetas inter 
andientium affectlones. Tac [Aflfectio 
denotes a itate, whereas oonfectio, ef- 
fectio, peifectio. refeotio, etc, denote an 


uTeetO («df.X a^i. atom. i. v. freq. 
[sjndoj to strive aftert to pursue, enter 
on : nt me defraodes. ad earn rem af- 
fectas vlam, that is four aim, PI. : qnam 
viam mnaitet, qnod iter affectet, vide- 
tis. etc : affectare spem. to eUng to or 
efcerisk. LIv. : nulla datnr dextra affec- 
tare potestas. sc, navem. qf readying 
U with his hand (of the giant Poly, 
phemus). Vlrg. : Pass, affectari morbo. 
to be seised bjf disease, liv. ||. 
to aspire to, to aim at (in either a 
good or a bad sense) : mundltiem. non 
alBoentiam affectabat, Nep.: repinm, 
Liv. Also with Iftf. aa ol^fect: non 
ego stdereas affecto tangere sedes, Ov. 
III. In the histt: to seek to draw 
toonSe^f: dvitates fonnldine affectare, 
flail. IV. Poet-Aug. to assmshe falsely 
or osUsdatiously, to feign, affocts cre> 
bnan anhelltum, Qoint. 

tfBwtlU (*<lf.). a, nm. Part, [affldo] 
eN<ieKie<l, fmmithed, constituted, diS' 
nosed: Uetores affect! ntaneia virgia, PL : 
homo affiectos andada, Ter.: corpora 
stmiU affecta tignra, endoinecl vHA a 
similar form, uacr. : oculua oootnr- 
batus noo est probe affectns ad snmn 
manos ftmgendnm, Ctc ||. eUtaeked, 
weakened, indisposed: Fig.: only in 
the histt. : res aflectae, disordered eir- 
enmstanees. an iU condition: opem 
rebus aflbetis oiare. liv. : affcctaa fldem 
pananJnvisae.braheaavdtf.Tac. |||. 


9Attn (adf.). fla. m, C«ffido1 a 
stale or dispositwn cf body or w&imd 


(esp. the latter). L Of the body: 
supersont alii corporis affectus, Cele. 

2. Of the mind: qualis ci\)usque 
anind affectus esset, talem esse komi- 
nem, Oc H. Poet>Aug. atawuraJbl* 
disposition tyTmind, Ioks, duire, sym- 
paihy : opes atque iuopiam pari affectu 
ccmcuplscunt. Tec ||l. In Lncan and 
later prose, tiu objecU hdoved (in plur.) : 
tenuit nostros Lesbos affectus, Locan. 

af-fbro (adfO* «ttiUi (adt.), alUUum 
(adl.), aflerre (adf.), |. v. a. Constr. 
aliquid ad aliquem or alicui ; to bring 
pr oonvey to (of portaUe things, while 
addncere means to lead or conduct to. 
namely, men. animals, etc.) : attuli banc. 
Quid attullstl? Addnxl volui dicere. PL : 
afferre literas. ad aliqnem or alicui. Ck^ : 
afferre se ad aliquem locum, to betake 
onest^toaplace: hue te affers, Virg.. 
and pan. afferri : urbem afferimur, id. : 
in the ssme sense, afferre pedem. Cat. 
Fig.: of abstractions: creorl rumores 
afferebantur. Cues. : hie Stolcus genus 
sermonum affort non Uquldum. maku 
use of, Ck.: consnlatnm in fsmiliam, 
id. : bellum in patriam, Ov. : vim afferre 
alkoi, for inforre. totter violence. Oc: 
menus afferre ;allcui, in a good or a bad 
sense, to Umd a hand, to aid : pro le 
quisqae manos affert. faL: or. to lay 
kanoM on, assaU : sibi menus, to oomaut 
suidde. Plane, in Cic Also of things: 
menus templo. to rob or plunder it, 
Oc : manos benefido suo. to nuUtfy, 
Sen. II. to bring as news, to an^ 
nounce, public : constr. <Uieui or 
ad aliquem aUquid, or ooe. with u^. : 
nihil novi ad noa afferebatnr, Cic : mag- 
num auod afferebatnr, videbatur, Caei. : 
per Idem tempus rebellasse Etruscos 
allatom est, newi was brought, Liv. 

HI. to bring on, to cause, to impart : 
aegrltodinem alicui. Ter.: populoBom. 
paoem, tranqoillitateni. otium. concor* 
diam afferre. Cic: ailnre opiniouem 
poDulo. to make folks beliere. Id. |V. 
to Iring forward as a reason or eaeuse, 
to allege : with or without causa: quam 
causam afferam? Ter.: nihil afferunt, 
qoi in re gerenda versari senectntem 
nrgant, theg assert nothing to the pur- 
pose, Cic Also absoL : et curcredam, 
afferre possum. / can gire my reasone, 
id. V. Afferre aliquid. to C(m(ri5«t<'. 
to Jkdp. assiU : quldquid ad remp. attn- 

limos. id. Vl. ''^ ^>^^g fox^* P^ 
duee rrare): agrl fertile*, qui multo 
plus allemnt qnam aoceperunt. Id. 

af-fldo (wf-). AfflM (adf.). affectum 
(adf.X I. «.a. rfodo]. Lit. to do some- 
thitig to, to ageet or touch (the mind or 
^odiO> to impart, bestow, etc with adr., 
oM.. or dependent clause : varle sum 
affectus tnis Uteris. Oc : aflid a gratia, 
a voluptate. Id. : membra dolore affl- 
dnntur, the limbs are seiisd with pain, 
Lncr. : alBcere aliquem beneflck). to 
befidlt, dc: praemlo, to mrard. Id.: 
laeutia, to gladden, Caes. : cnidatn. to 
torture, Qc : poena, to mmiih, id. : 
suppllcio»Gaes.: hooore^wUwoiw. Cle ; 
popolinn jervitnte. to stdfjugvle, id. 2 



nm. to hmy, VLz kHoannodo, la 
> iHOO KKni tit a , Omj. : ud ataal» 
im Mt ai aflkUnBr. uuqun 
m annmr. Quint. H- '*<4^ 

fliqnU ulmo. Qnlnt. 

[mU.), Inil, ieuai, I. v. a. 

UWnm Hi (ani, 
JUad. U. N. Pti. : to liuRH 
iiuin lola; ^Iqiild ulii». Qnlnt. 
■fflsM (■m.X l°>>. kum ~ 
LI I. ta'A^ nu tkhff bt 
hmn.taad^i whhiu<.;lii 


Ai Uh o^Kt oT adipUDc och ibliu lo 
wioUht li Ihu 11 luf Be •ppUed cr 

HEX, tnqWDilj wiih UwlmplM PoUcn 
of error. faitUf. Oe.: Uhii^ Uili 1i 
OHMlr jndkaud In Um uottit^ illerl 
lAiuh, <!• il»n IbuTit, Ok.: nrvK 
vnm ku d deincis swIoih witn. 

IIL '•'"'!*?^^f*°™*'*'*£S' 

ih iat. gam (Onk MuuiiTuT! 


B ■fflm d liuplliii^Jiatlari, dc : 

SiUM,;. id. IH. SabL <i Rialtori 6y 

wgrd): Uh ■ttns uv the dgiud of 
hiiibuidH«U£<T.uaiiitl}: Hcgadonu 
tneu iflnlt. hjf im-M<h», PI. 

■fflnluuiim. Jiut.][4fflnlii wiaiUDiir- 
JkHd: appenUCH pcrlftwut id culEu. 

rrlaliimJiip ty 

iMUe, rftSiiilutotii, 

Ck. I. Uc 
pAtriun dneru, ooff- 

' nute ifaadv, to ■dvn^ 

■OUM (•<».), 1. um. Fart. Umoi 
_Lt.: breoAed or Alovn t^on; benor, 
<wni<nd. Stbrll* •BiU piiBilH. Tin. 

aOuiqu IncandlD tBommot, Mr. 

I (loll) udoil, hr Ui 
U. a ««* 4LI«U : 

PU"-' HI. Fig.. Ifuplnute, «.M-; 

mtJUo ($fK.), tn,^.t.n.lomf 
JMlirfiw. (idf.), Dole, /. [iffllcU] 


Id] to ton. to duk oasinil. Jkorui : 
— — — ipM(« »BHcl«h«, C«™.: 

Ul£r ninubUa, Clc. Hence nBltcuin 
iB 01- iDlcurl nUqu re, to be arialif 

■AktW (■dr.). Brli. a. [td.] a da- 

niKr or nhcrtir, ChL 

afilotat, a. um, Pari, [aflllgiil 

jfriMed or JItma down, iam^md, ilof 

-- Kl.n..ei,CM.. II. FLg.r iU-uHd, 

ledbfld, (UilJUKd. ^Mp09idirg ; Qnti- 

paTTulia at aOUcu at pardft*. CIc : 

•fflkut, nwiol. Sail S. or 
Ttciar, like >])}rc1iu, ateaAHud, 

[f-flto (adf.). HI. ietnm. j. .. o. 

IpnUi uvea RIkiiUm aflU^lplMRl 
igliKD eoJa, Tac: allltaen caput 

. : mb TltapenndDBffllflen. 
depnidff i<, Id.^ aPUgna 

pvud ^pyaiK FHBe to to ^q, Vb^ 
S. ai*. nwt. to te/aR»m*l«. o™. 
puioHt-- ftUx, ad pladoiu Icnller tfB«t 
Amat, Till. S. to Aup<™, Hiaute 
(Jrfciwii{<ir) : pgeum quad dlrlno 
qulaa iHrini aOail, dc, 

•ftfim (hH). entli. mn. [afflno] 
Ul. : JUwtmg towardi, adnWciav ,- 
Bbenna id (MIKui dpan platMloT 
aaiiMil,TK. Ham, ||. stowidiH^ 

Jloiity mba, Fbaedr. ; ti aflhiaiii(iii 

J(Mta0 la.- riln. Flg.r ntandawc, 
M^HUHoa, jif^^ifte ; Tamm onmliim 
■doentla, uc- : nmndltleiB. odd afflnai^ 
tlam affbctafaHt, eE^taoffOmct, pn/w- 

ktSflS' (adt.). il. lam. 1. 1. a. and 

aeatiia bla iBlDDnt Uhw remeaDli 
PUo. IL Fig. toUnmf OTJtKjb Is. 

■Abmn (adr.j, T. 

).in, I. r.lLEatI 
k ira (or alThngo, 

i. PUB. ■ II.FK- 

umtnttadi-;, a*. ■> 

I. Ov.^Fig.: of any 

UafDfil prima apH afflilifi, 

M-tando (aof.J. odU ai — ,- 

to paur afHM or £>tto; alTiiaa He anu 
nlllta.P1lD.: Uaaaa ea Rhamm OnuM 
afllmdlt. Tag. : ajnnli affueus oppMLh 
Ital jbm ta^. PUd. : cfinUiim aMunin 

AAndin h er al 




afltatacqoe jMcat tnmalo, progtraU 

toit^ica: ^JlliiA, a ^rM^Mca-tcn, Vmt. : 
Afnnoae. arom, je. fetM, jxmM«rt oimI 
aDritoiis, a> nm. a^. Afriau Teatw, 
■L, AMcu. i,M. tJu touA-weit 
blowtog tnta the quarter be- 
i Auter and FkTootas, the Italian 
J/Ncp or gkertfimo; praeoepa, Hot.: 
Afrkae prooellae, the starwu couMtf 6jf 
aAd* afore, aforem, aftitania, for abf.. 

idsOt Oois* *• <M ortler, 
4ao cqvi com agMtmiboa. liv. 2. o 
lodscy : ti patinain fraogat 
Hot. [Ago. Toere Is no otner 
of the term, -aw; bat cf. 

«■ u ea u g un t. neque agelloa stngolonmi. 
nee Tracnlaa perieqinuitiir, Clc 
i«|m», ia». fi.-riy.l^ to the Ma. 
' I army* a corjm or <n«inoM of 
entia, Part, afo. ckK. ef ecMee, 
: Qtendnm est mu^tolboa 
Cic U. Sobat. ofM «ako 
XNMiael : <^t. 2. Under 
the cnperora, a kind o^ jecre< poUoe^ 
atoo oalled /rMMOUorift and cwioti, 

■ or aniM«; ager qnamTia feitUIa, 
coltara fl u clouaos ceae noo poleat, 
; nUJe pedea to fhmte. treoentoa 
ti^ppoB In agram hk dabat >-4n ftonte, 
tkefnmtoift or wtMiurtment dUma tke 
rMd, to Mrrnn. into tkeJUId, the depth. 
Hot. U, tke terrWny iff any par- 
tiadar eemmmMitit in a ootmiry, or 
tnra: vl mcltor randoa Hlrptoiaa alt, 
aKe agfT Hininna, Ck;.: RMnnt, qui 
i^rmn Helveamn a Qermaoia divUlt, 
Om*. m. tke ammtrpt to opp. to the 
torvn (gen. to the plur.): bomtoes ex 
^pria ooocnmmt, Clc. : annus peatilMA 
rtaqoe, Lir. : moltltadlnem 
lez apte magistratoa oogerent. 

ifUs, Ce. age ala, T. ago. 

•ff-fimo (mS-X J. «. m. to pnMMS 
ImmJ: ataoL or with Dot. (only 
poeC): aggemtt Alddes, Ov. 

ag^STf Cf*** *• C*l '"^ V"^"} Lit. : 
•2o7(aI« taoyped npt ma^riaU/ora 
rvmpart, as atone, eortt, hnuhifpood, 
etc : militea panto longfna aggerla pe- 
lenfl caoaa prooeaaerant, Caes. : aggere 
teiTOM). Soet. IL a moMiMf or ra«»* 
fviermetedtiXher for }>e»ie(ring or far 
dtfmding a totm, (In the former caae 
It WM gradnallT increaaed to breadth 
0d hdght, till It overtopped the walla. 
Aa ihtaggerwmM freqnentljrooaatrDcted 
of wood, we aooietlmea read of its betog 
nt on Arc.) Agyre Jacto t gr ribqaqne 
aggeram exftraera. 

id.:benoepoet.: stellatls axibas agger 
erigitnr.a wumnd i» buiU provided wtth 
wkeeU (for moving it forward), Locan. 
Fig.: Graeda eaaet agger oppugnandae 
Itaiia^ Cic |||. tke motmd nUeed 
for tke proteetUm ef a oamp, compoeed 
of earth dug from tke trenek (foasal 
It was rannoonted by a atockafiM (val- 
lum), consisting of shaipened ataltea 
(valli): agger ao vallnm, tke mound 
and ttochade, Caes. |V. tke trStnmet 
in a eampt formed of twrf,from which 
tke general addreseeakie eotdiere: atetit 
aggsre ftUtua ceqrftia, Locan. V, 
Agger viae, a mihtarp or pubUe road 
(oommonly an embankmenO : viae de- 
pransus to aggere aeipens, Vbg. Agger 
alone to this sense: Anrelios agger, ie. 
Via Aurelia* y|. any art^licial <Ie- 
vation formed ef earthy rwbitk, etc.: 
a dike, pier, mound, etc. : aggeribua 
niveia inlbnnia terra, w<M snovMlriftt, 
Vtig. : e medio aggere vox exit, /rom 
tke nMH of tke pile of w»od, Ov. : 
agger armomm, Tac : quoad praedpl- 
taretnr ex aggere, i, e. from tke fbr- 
ptian rock. Suet.: a moie (Ital. molo), 
Vitr.: a coieseicay through a awamp: 
aggerea humido paludnm et fkUadlras 
campis imponere, Tac Poet, motm- 
<atn« : aggerea Al|rfni, Vlrg. : aftmeral 
pHe, Ov. : a heap ^ a»ke$, Luoan. : 
a high unve, id. 

•ff-giro (Adg.). gesai, geatnm, j. v. a. 
to carry to, or toward*, to on'na ; with ad 
or DoA. : lata et limum aggerebant, Cic : 
ingena aggerltur tumuto tellus, Yitg. 
II. Fig.: to bring forward, lag to 
onufe charge : probra, Tac 

Mg^, avi, atom, i. «. a. [agger] 
to form an agger, to keapw: aggerat 
cadavera, Virg. 2. to fU up: spa- 
ttom, Curt 8. Aggerare arborem, to 
keap up earth around a tree, CoL ||. 
Fig. tainertaee: tocendltqoe animom 
dictia atqoe aggerat iraa, Vnv. 

•ffgettni (ug.)* Q^ ». [kL] a ear- 
rying to, a eoUecting, an accumulation : 
pabull, materiae, lignorqpn, Tac 

•ffffMtlU^ «. mn. Part, [aggero]. 

•ff-glomaro (Mig.)> A^i* atum, i. v. a. 
lit, to wind Com on a ball); to join or 
annex: se lateiiagglamerantnoatro,yirg. 

M-tf tltixio (Mg.), avi, atom, i.v.a. 
to glue or cement to, to faaUn tot to 
niud (prooemtum) deeecabis, hoc aggln- 
tlnabb, gou wOl remove that introauc- 
tiom, and annex tkit inetead, Cic 

ag-gr&veMO («<ig.). i. ». inch, to 

become heavy. Fig.: of sickneas: to 
become eevere, detngeroue, Ter. 

ag-gr&YO (*dg). «▼!. Atom. I. «. a. 
to flMMK heavier: aggravatur pondus, 
PUu. Fig. : to bmden, incommode, 
make worm, aggravate: qoo (bello) ai 
aggravatae res esaent, liv. : argumenta, 
quae per ae nihil ream aggravare vide> 
antnr, do no< eeem to bear hard upon 
the dtfendant, Qutot 

ag-orSdlo* 9. v. et. (act form of 
aggreifior): to oo <o, approoA: hoc si 
nggrediaa, PI. Hmoepass.: focUlimis 
qiubusqae aggressls, Just 

•ff-grtdlor (adg.). greasus, j. v. Oeo' 
[gradiorj (2 pert. prae*. aggredire. PL 
Jff. aggraUri, and aggrediTin>, id.) to po 
toorajvproocfc: with ad or Ace. i adhunc 
Hiilenium aggredimur? PL: aggredior 
homtoem, id. With loe. adv. : non enim 
repelletur inde quo aggredi cupiet Clc 
II. With aoc to aadreu a Pfreon, 
apply to, eoUcit : Locostam ego Romae 
aggredlar, wHl apply to, dc : aggredi 
aUquem pecimia, to towper with. Sail. : 
pollidutknibasaggredLid.: orabsoL: 
legatoa alium abaliudiversoe aggreditar, 
id. : dktis, to accoet, Virg. : predbns, 
Tac III. to attack or aesauU : equitea 
imprndentes atque inoploantea hostet 
aggrediuntor, Caea. |V. to under' 
take or begin ; with ad. Ace. or Inf. : ri 
aggredior ad banc disputationem, Cic : 
magnnm quid, id.: oe quibus dtcere 
aggrediar, id. Pass, multa magnif 
dudbus ncm aggredienda, Liv. 

•ff-SrteO (Adg.). avi, atum. i. v. a. 
Lit tobrtfiptnto tketloek; hence: to 
add or join to : si eodBm ceteroe nan* 
flragoa aggregavoit Clc : fllium ad pa- 
tris toleritnm, to invoice in, id. : se og- 
gregare, to oMocA onete{f to, to OMemMc : 
oppldani aggregant ae Ampbotero, 
Curt : or pass. : ne desdsoentibus ag> 
gregsrentnr. Suet ||. Fig. meam 
voluntatem ad summi vM dignitatem 
aggregassem, kad akown my good" 
will in euppori cf kit reputation, Cic: 
se ad eorum anudtiam adgregaverant 
had joined or allied thewuelvet with, 

, a«gre«do(«dg.),iInls./.[sggTedior3. 
Lit a ttepping to, a coming tonardt : 
hence Bbet f . t as prooemnun, intnh 
duction to a tpeeeh : anlmoe prima ag* 
gresaione ocoqiavertt Cic 

MPgntrai (adg.). a, um, PaH. [ag- 

ac-gUbeniO (mIS-)* i. «. o. to guide 
or dUred, ¥\dt. Fi|L : to rule, id. 

i^Qit« e, a4j. T^go] Pass. : eo' 
tUy moved : qui resdtissent aglU classi 
navea tormenta machlnasque portantes? 
Liv. II. Act tkat motet eatUy, 
agHe, nimUe : sic tlbi secretis agUis dea 
saltibaa adait twyft/ooted Diana, Qv. 
Also of things : qmck, audden : aigu* 
mentatio agilior et acrior et instantlor, 
Qutot 2. g**iek. active, buty (to tha 
management of affairs) : nunc agllia Ho 
et mersor dvilibus unms, Hor. 

igflltaa, itis./. [sgllis] nimblenat, 
activity, quicknett : navium, Liv. Fig.: 
agiUtaa, at ita dicam, nMdlitiaque n*> 
tnrae, etc 

Ut&bQif, e. o4f. Mto] eatUy 
moced. ttolU : agitabiUs aSr, Ov. 

igH&nOi <tow. /• V^l freouent or 
contlnwUmotion, agitation: agptationes 
fluctuum.yCIc ||. Fig.: emo^ton. oo* 
tivity qf mind: animua agitatlooe et 
motu vacuua esse nonquam poteet. id. : 
studiofum, proeecution of ttudiet, id. : 

rs est sapientl agitatkme virtutom. 
exercite. Sen. ^ 

ftglt&tor. <}ris, m, [id.] a driver, a 
ekarioteer,etc,: aaelli, poe t for a ruatie 




or peatamtt Vbg.: eqoorum AohilllB. 
the charioteer, id. Esp. of cbttrioteert 
who drove at the public ganies : ego. nt 
•gluitor caUidiis, miaaqoam ad nnem 
venlam, equoe ■nsODftbo, Cic 

Afitlktait ^ ^uo. Fart, sod ad4. 
(aglto) ; dit^iHted, excited^ impauiomied: 
actio paalo agitaUor, Qoint. : est magai 
Tlrl, reboa a^tatla, pimire aootea, dm^ 
ijM a period <tf tmbUc dieorder^ Cic 
(For other meanuigi aee agito, eap. 

'agltO. •▼!. atom. i. A»g. ««*. [ago] 
toptU in conetoMt or jreqtteiU wtotum, 
to drive oJbotd. Of catUe. to drive (cf. 
ago) : to cunu ta^Jogoa agltare leooea, 
Locr.: lanlgeroe gr^^es hirtaaaue oa- 
pellaa, to drive, poet for to tend, VIrg* 
Of wild aoimala, to hunt, punue, etiamai 
•xcltatuma hod tU nee agltatnma feraa, 
Cic 2. Of things, to move or aAoAe 
about : alaa, Ov. : manihoaqae lerea 
agitavit habenaa, id. 8. to agitate, to 
tMS up amd down : mare ventorom vi 
agitari atqne torbari, Cic : agitata nu- 
mina TtoJm* toeaed upon the tea, Vlrg. 
II. fng.: Of peraona: torotiae,ex- 
ate, urge, aliqimn, sometiiiiea in ali- 

n' : agitare plebem, to attr tm, lir. 
of anlmala: in ftariaa aptantnr 
eooae, are excited to fury, Ov. %,to 
d i equiet, vex, tormo$U : videtiane nt eos 
agltent fttriae. Oc : ocnnmotaa meta 
atqne Ubidlne diversna agltabatar, bei$tg 
under the if^uenoe of fear and latoUu 
detire, he toeu distracted bjf contending 
pa»iumi,8edL Z, to reproach, intuU, 
haarui, mock: agltat ran militarem. in* 
■ectator totam legatlooem, Cic |||. 
In gen.: to be engaaed in doing or mak' 
ii^f,tohaid,heep: vigillaB.PL: oonvivia, 
Ov.: meom natalraoi, to ke^ my births 
day, PL : feetoe diea, Cic : agraria lex 
a Flavio trib. pi. vehementer agitaba^ 
tor. wieu vigorouAy promoted, id. : prae- 
oepta parentis mei agitarem, toeu Mtriv» 
ing to comply wUh,^\L: agitare fenna, 
to practiae untry, Tac: laeti pacem 
agitabamiu, were in the er^ymini </ 
peace, SalL Henoe ci time, esp. life: 
to pan, tpend: vita hominom aine 
cnpiditate airitabatar, id. And absoL : 
to HIM, to oineU, to het laeti Oermani 
agitabant, Tac |Y. Of the thooghu : 
agitare aliqnid or de aliqoa re (in cotde, 
in mente, animo, aecum, etc."), to (Mm a 
thing over in the mind, to revolve, to 
eoniider, to devite, deeign, etc (cf. oo- 
gtto) : quom earn rem in oorde agito, 
R : quod agitet in mente, Cic With 
Inf. as oljeoi: mente agitaret bellnm 
renovare, Nep. Poet: aliqnid tnva- 
dere magnom mena agltat inihi, Virg. 
And without mente, ammo, etc : oratori 
omnia agitata ease debent, wdl con- 
fidered or weighed, Oc With de: de 

bello, Tac y. ^ 'P'^ *!f' ^ oof^f^ 
or deliberate upon, aieeutt: Ids rebns 
agitatis, Caes. VI. Sa^ agifre, wilh 
gen. In Plant a* sat agere, to have plenty 
to do, to have trouUe e$tough, 

ulaipifl. Wis, a*. (AvA«| iowui, a 
gUtterinff ameld)i a body pf ioUUen 

with bright ehieidi (a division in the 
Maoedonian armj), Uv. 

agmillf Inia, n. [agol: Lit: otiy- 
thing driven oreetin tnotion : henoe a 
tmin, a gang: agmea perpetaum, an 
unbroken troM, (m. Poet: £um«ii- 
dum agmina, Vlrg. 2- Alao, <(f am- 
wuU$, ahd ^ Uungi (moatly poet.): 
agminemagnooorv(uxun,ld.: frugUegaa 
aspeximoa agmine longo formlcaa, Ov. : 
lent floit airline Thvbria, Vlrg. : ag- 
mine ramoram celeii, with the quick 
moving ma$$ qf can, id. ||.EBp. an 
army on the mardk; bat in translating, 
it moat generally be rendered aimplj, 
army; in itinere agmoi noatrum adortl 
aont, Caea.: agmen prtmum, the van, 
Liv.: agmen medium, CAeoen^ id.: ab 
extreme agmine, at the rear, Caes. : 
noviadmnm agmen, Me rear, id. : agmen 
quadratom, an army marcMs^ in order 
of baXtto, <n the form of-n^ paraUeUh 
gram; it wa$ not a aquare battalion, 
but a battalion in line ready tomeet the 
enemy; in oonapectu hostium quadrato 
agmine incedere, SalL 8. ^ <"(< ^ 
monA or wuureh itaelfi ratio ordoque 
agminia, the plan and arrangement of 
the mard^Gaes.: agmen hoatimnclande- 
bant, dooed the enemies Une of vaarth, 
{.^brought up ike rear, id, 8.<s^ody 
of tnnqn in ooluaMt qf attack : confer- 
tisaimo agmine, id. 4. Meton. an 
army sa exerdtus or adea : Inatructo 
agmine, liv. : jnato agmine, iott4 a «t^* 
cient or fuUy equioped army, Tac 
0. any warUke farce, a fleet : ooao- 
tnm agmen ab RhodUa eat, Uv. : alao, 
tiu arrangement qf a fleet: redaclaaaia 
longo agmine veidens, id. 6. agmen 
impedimentorum, the baggage train, 
Tac 7. laUlitary tcrvux, warfare: 
rndis agminnm sponsus, Hor. I||. 
Oen. aoroiod or band of Mop<«: muUe- 
rumacapadonum agmen, liv.: edncenda 
dictio eat medium in agmen, brfort the 
publie, Oc: agmen oomparionnm, a 
muUitude, V\in. 

ngnnactar ifi^-)* ^^'^ h v. dep, 

to be bom tn addUMm to : oommonlv, of 
children bom' into a fluniUa, where there 
waa already an herea; bom after the fk* 
ther had made hia will : constat, agnas- 
oendo mmpi t^*»#m^"tnm, Cic 8. 
Meton. Of planta,etc: toyroio to, or 
npon eometMng : viscum in qnerou ag- 
oaad, Plin. Of teeth : to grow qfter- 
wardt,(ML Of hair: PUn. Ofauper^ 
numerary limbs, id. 

agn&tio* «nl^ /. [agnasoorj con- 
eangwinity on thefathe^i tide (v. ag- 

agnitni. •. am. Pari, (agnaeoor). 

Mnfttas (•dgO. i. *»• CfgnMoor]: a 
reUuion on the fathei^a nde: cognati, 
all those deaoended firom th6 aame per- 
aoD, whether male or fismale: agnati, 
the cognati of the male aex who traced 
their desouit through males, and were 
of the same liuniUa. Agnati alao aigni* 
fled all thoae who were adopted mto 
the familia: ad agnatoa et gentiles est 
deduoendus, /Yoe. of a madman, Varr. 

2, a child bom into a familia, 
where there waa already an heres. Tac 

ftgnlnilSi ■• vm. aaj. ^amoaj jirr- 
tammg to a lamb: Uctes, Pi. 9. 
Agnina, ae, /. («c caro) the fleak cfa 
lamb: patinas ooenabat omasi vilia e( 
agnlnae, Hor. 

•Cnltibi Sail./. [sgDoaool a rwet^ 
niaxng : a^^tlo Utaiaram, Qumt i|. 
a knowing, knowledge, in gen. : ad ag- 
nitifooem animi. /or a hutwledge qf the 
nature <f mind, Qc 

•alVU (adg*)* a, mn. Port, (a^io- 

ftgnanna, (adn.). Inia, n. Tad and 
gnomen, the old form of nomen j a »ur- 
name, added to the cognomen or Cunily 

agnotoo (ad^ or adn.), n6vi,Dltmn, 
|. V. a. to reoo^rnvw, or ibMNo o^o^n aomc^ 
thing known b^ore, to own : quom ae 
collet animus atque recreav1t« torn ag- 
nosdt iUa reminisoendo, Cic : veteran 
amkum, Vlig. H. to empreet omee 
reeomiition, to aJOow, to acknowledge, to 
coi^eu, etc Atecaa agnosdt summus 
nrolemque fiUetur Ji^^ter esse suam, 
Ov. : an roe noo agnoscetis diioeB»f 
Liv. : aortilegos, believe in or approve, 
Cic III. In gen. : to become oc- 
ouaintod with, to perceive, remark, nn- 
derstond: ut deum agnoacls ex operf- 
bus ^jus, sic ex memoria lerum et io- 
ventione vim divlnam mentis agnosdto, 

AgnUi U vk (In the earliest period, 
generally common, henoe agnns mas 
and agnua fiBmina)^ a lamb: nUa abun- 
dat poroo, haedo, agno, Oc Agnum 
li^w er^iwe velle, proverb, to try to 
reeeue a lamb from a ub^, i. e. to at- 
tempt an Impoaslbility, PI. 

MO, 6gl, actum, i. V. a. to aef In 
motion, either phyticaUy or moratty, 
A. Of phydoal hnpulse: |. Of 
cattle, to drive, tend : hac sgit, ut pastor, 
capellaa, Ov. ||. Of men: to driw, 
oonducf, impel: agere praedpitem de 
ftmdo, Cic Poet: with a reflective 

KNMun : to oome, to go: quo agis te i 
: quo hinc te afl^f whi&er are you 
going f Ter. Without the pronoun : 
undB agis ? P>. In proae, agl for agere 
ae, to 1^, to wtartk: at dtins agi vellet 
ai^nen. to march on quicker, Liv. 
III. to drint or carry cf: and 
gen. to stool, plunder (usa. a^lgere) : 
praedas agere, SalL Of men or ani- 
mals taken in war, whUe ferre is used 
of portable thinn: hence the phrase 
ferre et agere (as in Or. £y«tr ml 
^^pcty): rea aodnnim ferri agique vidit, 
Liv. IV. to eftose, pureue, urge (usu. 
sgitare): aproSfViif. Of men: Demo- 
leos cursu palantes Troas agebat. Id. 
v. Of hianlmate ohiecta t to impd, 
puah forward, convey, carry: «J<^^m 
maviinam sub terram agendam. to be 
carried under ground, Liv. Poet : 
agere navem, to stoer, Hor. : agere 
currua, to drive, Ov. : flacum. to coUeet, 
Soet. Alao, MHik Ut., to pu$h on or 
advance unrUke enginea: vioeas ad 





mytluu i a0ere.OMt. Fig.: caniculoft 
acnv ad aermrtam. Clc. VI* ^ t^row 
mlitoAeot ortgUmdupwarcuordmtm- 
•oardi, etc (iBOTtly poet.) : •dsUllaaqae 
to tkrmg otU tpark$, Ince.: ae 
ad auTM mtanet agU, <JUio(« up 
ike air, Vffg. : tabernae rtmaa 
acint, 9Cil or crack, Clc Heuoe anl- 
acrf«*to traotte Mw't Jai<,e3cp£re : 
et aiere antmam et efflare did- 
Id. B. Of the mlDd. and Um 
feeUogi : to incite^ rovae, yrge, 
mmmilt kmrtyjorward, work upon : aaae 
ta,9enBaDe,nirent«iD meiia agit In lad- 
■mF Ov. C. 0«n.: to do, act, deal 
with, mlUmd to, ete, |. In the most 
: to do, to act, to p eif orm, 
: with alkpiid, nihil, plus, 
Afilcatuia aoUtiis eat dioere nun* 
4>tna agen, ouam nihil cnm 
agent, Ck. And dmL : aliud agendi 
tcmoa, alind qnleaoendi, id.: quid agl* 
tvf Aow do yoM dof PL: qidd agto? 
wkat ore pom doimg t abo, how goes it 
wUk pour id. : nihil agia, you egict wh 
ekim§,itu of mo u$e,T€T, fftopuT' 
tm M oM^a i< wd, tkimk upon, kovt in 
wiom: 4)[ai mam maxime fiftlhint. Id 
agant, nt Tin bxil ease Tldeantnr» aim 
mt opptmrimy, Cfc. IH. agere cum 
aUooo da rt or Qt : to Pnai, dtaX, ne> 
MCMte, cOTt/'er «ptA, or diaeuai ; egi com 
Oandia et con Teatra aorore Muda, nt 
•on ah Ula I^Joria deterrerent, Cic : 
vcUe ae de hia reboa agere cnm eo» 
AlaOk abaoL : la ita com Cae* 
ag|t.fcL 8. With the adra. bene, 
male, etc.: to daoi weB or 
wish: praeclare com aliqno agere, 
Jt&\, in paaa. : luteUiget aecnm 
eve peaaime, id. |Y. With a 
to danoca the action indlGatad 
bj the anbat. : agere trlumphum, to tri' 
' , Clc. : Ubecs de qnoqne arMtila 
to doeide fndy comcemimg eaek, 
tr.: poanitentum aotanm, dntimoi 
to rtfftt, Qoint. : otla agera, to he at 
Uamt, Or. : alta ailentia, to keep pro- 
emce. Id. : agere bellom, to 
r, Caee.: agere proeiinm, to 
dottier lerfboa proeUia com OalUa 
lAr. : agere armtiaa (never gror 
poet, graie^ to ikamks de* 
Iqcb d gratiaa eglt, Caea. Alao. 
L C. fbran or ooQventnm agere, to hold 
• aenton, to mdmim$ter Ju$tiee : agere 
lafDnanTarri,dloebant,Cic: Caeaartn 
UaliaBi ad ooovencns agendoe prolectQa 
aat.OM«. or the Seoato: ne onopam 
eodteaenatnaageretor.Soet. Ofoffloea, 
emplojBeota, etc.: to administer, oon- 
4ml : aaara praefectnram praetorll. id. 
y. Of time: tosvemd,pass: aetatem 
In uarfa, Cfc. : run agere vltam, liv. 
PaaiL: acta eat per lacrimaa nox, Ov. 
With aonna and an ordinal: to be qf 
m eertain age : qmrtata annnm ago et 
q r ti ydn i um . Gk. Benoe (rare) ab- 
aoL : to bee, M«a the time,or be somo- 
.* dvttaalaeU agere, SaU. VI. 
r Lt.: to dispaUk the vSeUm: qui 
cattdoatrktoa ttneMmsaanguine cultroa 

,0t. The reply 

of the prieat to the InterrogatiDn of the 
popa, or Mcriflcer, Hoc Aob, bespoke 
the attention of theaaaembly: whence 
hoc or id agere often meana, to jray at- 
tention to : ocnli et aurea, quasi fenea- 
tree sunt antmi, qulbus tamen aentire 
nihil queat mena. niai id agat et adait, 
Oc. Hence aUud or aliaa rea agere, not 
to attaui to or Aeed: allud agena ac 
nIhU ^Juamodi cogitana. id. VII. Of 
€Mi and political Uanaactions : to mo- 
nags or transact, to discuu, ddiberate: 
with ooc, de with abl. or abtoi. : 
recordare velim quae ego de te in ae> 
natueeerlm,id.: de conditionibua pada, 
Liv. Hence, agere cum pqfmlo, of ma- 
gistratts : to address the people for the 
purpose oif oftto^tttfio Hkeir suffrages: 

Te cum popnlo de republtca, Clc 
IMPOoeedings In a court of Justice : 
rem agere ex Jure, lege, causa, etc. : to 
bring an action, to wmnage a cause or 
suit, ex Jure dviU et praetorio agere, 
id. : tanquam ex ^yngrauba, agere cum 

Epulo, to bring an action on a bond, 
: ex aponao egit, he brouf^ an ac- 
tion on an agreement. Id. : summo Jure 
agere, to eMretse on^s strict legal right, 
id Hence, agere reum, to accuse one : 
tanqittm reos ageret, Liv.: and with 
the gen. qf the crime: agere ftirti, to 
accuse of thrft, Oc Pass, the thing 
In question being the sut\)ectof theverb: 
nonc^>itis dus rea agitur, sed pecuniae. 
the maUer m liUpalion is not his life, 
but his moneg. Test. Hence, Fig. : to 
Im at stake or in danger, be interested 
or affected : aguntur i^Jurise aodorum, 
agitur via legum, agitur exiatimatio, 
veritaaque Judlciomm, dc: tua rea 

a;itur paries quum proximua ardet, 
or. And aa a auit, once decided, 
could not be recommenced, hence the 
phraae, actum eat de me, etc it is 
all over with me, I am undone, etc : 
actum eat de me, PL: de iato, Clc: 
BO, acta haec rea eat, this is quite lost, 
Ter. Actum or acta agere, proverb, to 
do what Aoa been already done, to act to 
no purpose, Cic VHI. ^ deliver a 
spuch, to pu/ot m as an actor, etc Of 
an orator : agere cum dignltate ao 
venuatate, kL Of an actor: to repre- 
sentfflay: primaa paries agere, to jmt- 
form the principal part, Ter. : gestnm 
agere in scena, Cic And Fig.: to act 
as or behave Wee: amicum. Tac So, 
also, ae ageresse gerere: tantamobi- 
litate sese lYumidae agunt, 8aa IX. 
Imperat. age, agite, also with the par^ 
tides dton, vero, nimc, modo, aane, jiun, 
aia, poTTo (aome times agedum and agaais 
In one word) aa an exclamation of 
encouragement: come on.' qmckl etc.: 
age, i tu aecundum, come, /Mow me! 
FLi age, da veniam fUio, come now, 
jffyfAee,Ter. :agltedum,Liv. luting. 
connected with another imper. In the 
nfu. ; mittite, agedum, legatoa, id. 2. 
In transitions m discourse : well then ! 
well '. nunc sge, rea quoniam docui non 
posse creari, wdl now, since I have 
taught, Lucr. : age pono, tu, cur? Clc. I 

8. As a sign of aaaent: varvweU! 
pood/ age. sit iu Ikctum, Cic [TheftiU 
form of the root of ago waa (vobablr 
WAO or VAO ; cf. EngL wop, wo^Ton with 
Lat vagus, vagor : the idea of driving, 
moving, etc runs throua^uu] 

igdn* <^nls, m.s«ywr. a contest, or 
eomoat in the pubUc gasnes : gymnicus, 
Plin. : mnsicns, Suet /Yoe. .* nunc de* 
mum agon est, now is the time /or 
action, id. 

&g9]lll|]llf i, n. a Jioman festival, at 
whidi ue resB sacr^ficulus offered up a 
ram: Ov. 

a^rixllll. a, um. (u^. [ager] per- 
taintng to land : Agranae leces, lams 
regulatina the division of public lands 
among the poorer dtisens: agrariam 
rem tentare, to attempt a dtvuton ^ 
publie lands, Cic : Triumvir agrarius, 
one^lAreeoomiMMtoMeratoaianape the 
division o/ pubUe lands, Liv. ||, 
Subst. : agrarll, omm, m.plu. : the agra^ 
rian party : dc 

agrattUt «• o4i- [id.] pertaining to 
thejulds at to the country, countru4ike, 
rustic, in a good eenee: Musa, Lucr.: 
te fai Arpinati videbimus et hoapitio 
agresti acdpiemua. Cic. Subst. agrestia, 
is ((ran. j)I. agrestum, Ov.), a country- 
man, a rustic: ooUectosarmatagrestes, 
Vlrg. M e ton . : growing wHd, and (of 
animals) wHd: agrostes palmae, Cic: 
agrestia poma, Vlrg. So of the early 
inhabitants of a country: aborigines 
geuuB hominom agreste, SalL l|. 
rustic, in o[^. to the refinement of the 
dtisen, boorish, rude, unmannerly, ig- 
norant, etc.: alteram (hominum ge- 
nus) indoctum et agreste, altennn hu> 
manum et politum, Clc: agrestiores 
Musae, more rough and practical, 
id. III. urSUi, brutal, savage : do- 
minus agrestis et ftuiosns, id. : vultns, 

agrIo51«« M, m. rager, oolo]. Lit.: 
a landtUier: a humanawMn, one en- 
gaped in cultivatina the soil, either as 
a business or a pastime : agricolae assl- 
dnl, Clc : Ddotarus, diUgentissimns 
agrkola et pecuarius, agrictutwrist and 
cattle breeder. Id. Poet of the gods: 
the tutelary deities iff agriculture : red* 
ditur agricoUs gratia ooelltibus, Tib. 

ignenltlpt on^ /•> aIm agii onl. 

tio* htuXtandry: Clc 

•giieultor* oris, m., also agri enl- 

toTt on agriculturist, huMandutan 
(rare): Liv. 

•gneultflra, m. /. also agri <mL> 

timu agriculture: Cic 

agrlpeta« ae. m. [ager. petol one 
who strives /or the possession of land, 

ahi ^taj. ah! alas! ha! an esti- 
mation expressing pain, indianation, 
joy, etc. Plant and Ter. passim : Cic. 
w ith Aoc. : ah me. me. Gat Sometimes 
written without A v. a. 

HhJL o^ ' oh ! haha ! interp. an e»- 
dawuUion o/ r^nroof, and. qf laughter, 

ahenenft ahanipea, eto. t. aen.. etc 



ai, tfnta^.doioUng grief: ah! alatl 

aL impenU. ftom aio. 

UAILSt P<*^- (•io)»AfBniuttiTiit: 
DegBDtia ooQtrarto aientibot. Ck. 

lio, verb dtfect. fTbe fartnM In use 
are : Praei. Indie KLo, Uil ait, alnnt. 
^MM.(rare)aia8,aiat,alant. Poitlmperf. 
Indie. ihnrai^Umt, aiebun, etc. ImpenU. 
al (ran) iYirt. j)rae». aient (rare). Aln' 
in used in fomiliar dialogue B&ls-ne. 
For Patt Imperf. also aibas, albat, 
and albant, in Ilaat and Ter. Ai is 
always dissjL oxoept in the Imperat. 
where it is sometnnes mooosjL) to 
(U»mt, to fay yei (oppoeed to nego. to 
say no): vel to mihi alas vel neges, PL: 
negat quis? nego. Ait? aio, Ter.: 
Dlc^nes ait, An^wter negat, Clc ||. 
to aay, or a$$ert: sdo absorde dictum 
hoc, derisores dioere, at ego aio recte, / 
o*9ert, PL III. Aiunt or ui aiunt, 
quomodo aiunt, quod stont, in quoting 
a proverbial phrase, relating a story, 
etc., as thejf »ay: dooebo bus, ut aiunt, 
oratorem enm, Cic |V. As a sort of 
conversational exclamation, expressing 
astonishment, regret, etc. : Ain* ? = 
aisne f also often stiwigthened, aln* tu ? 
ain' tute? ain' tandem? aln' vero? quid 
aia? howf iMUpouibUt indeedf what 
toy your etc : Ain' tu? Sdpio hlc Me- 
tellus proavum suum nescit oensorem 
non fmsse? Clc Also with a plur. : 
aln' tandem? inquit, num costra vallata 
non habetis? Liv. 

ain B= alone, v. aio. 

ifik, oe, /. a wing : gaW plansn pre- 
munt alas, Enn. in Clc Poet.: mors 
alia drcumvolat atris. Hor. Of soils: 
velorum pandimus alu, Vlrg. Of oars : 
dassis oentetiis remlget alls. Prop. Of 
other things : Ntsus emicat et vends et 
ftilminis odor alls, Vlrg. ||. Meton.: 
the armpU : liv. : sub ala fiudculum 
portare.Hor. 2. the skotdder-blade : 
PUn. 8. In trees and planu : the 
junction <^ a branch, ttc'.m. Ill.In 
DuildlDgs : the winoi, the tide apart- 
menu, the eolonnade$: also called in 
Or. iTTffjMl, Vltr. IV. MUU. t.t.: the 
wing of an army (ong. composed of the 
Rum. cavalry): alae; equltes, ob hoc 
alae dicti, qui tegnnt pedltes alarum 
\1ce, Serv. vlrg. 2. Snbeeq. when 
the Roman army was composed partly 
of Rom. dtisens, and partly of^Sodi, 
the Rom. were placed in the centre of 
the batUe-Une and the Sodi upon the 
wings . hence ala and alarii denoted 
the contingent ftimlshed l^y tiie Sodi, 
both horse and foot; and the two di- 
visions were denoted as dextera ala and 
tinittra ala : prima legio et dextera ala, 
Liv. : cohortes alarii, i. e. sodorum co- 
hortes, id. : alarii equites, ».«. sodorum 
equltes, Id. 8. Still later, when the 
Italian Socil had become Roman dtl* 
sens, the alarii were the foreign troops 
serving in the Roman annles : cohortes 
alarii et legionaril, Caes. 4. Under 
the empire the foreign troops serving 
in the Roman army were divMed into 


cohortes (Infimtry) and alae (cavalry) : 
hence agmen lesdonum alae otMiortMque 
praeveniebant, Tac 

ftl&barehet. m, m.=»ijMfidpxnf 

(frun oKafia, inlc), a receiver qf taxes, a 
tax-gatherer i Jut.: ironically of Pom> 

iilbaitar» trl, m.^Xw. alabaitra, 

orum, ii.ssaA^[/kurrpof, plur. •oa, a box 
<tf a tapering form for peijumet, or 
tmguadii aubaster plenus ungiientl, 
Clc H. Meton. for a ivM-bud; in 
virkles alabaatros fiutlgato, PUn. 

Uieerf crls, e. adj. (nom. nuue. ala- 
cris, l^m.. Ter.. Vlrg. Andently alacer, 
comm.}, excited, dkeerful, brisk, gay, 
active, courageous: qiBd tu es trlatis? 
quidne es alacrls ? tdiy are you to tor- 
rovful r why to eweitedf Ter. : videbant 
CatlUnam alacrem atque laetum, active 
and joyous, Cic : ahuTes animo sumus, 
are cheerful in mind, id. : ad bella sus- 
dplenda alacer et prompins animus, 
Caes.: equus, Cic. ||. Meton. ala- 
crls voluntas, a livdy pHeasure, Virg. 
(Hence, ItaL aUegro, aUegresxa, Fr. 




alitm, Ms, /. [alacer] excite- 
ment, eheetfulness, araour, birisknets, 
eagerness, gladness: alacritas relpub- 
licae defendendae, Clc : vir temperetus, 
sine alacritate uUa, free from all ex- 
citement. Id. : clamor Romanorum ala- 
critate perfecti operis sublatus, from 
joy, Liv.: alacritas studiumque pug- 
nimdt, Caes.: animi indtatio atque 
alacritas. Id. Of animals: canum In 
venando, Clc 

U&pa, ae, /. a box on the ear: 
dncere gravem alapom alicul, to give, 
Phaedr. Olven by a master to his 
slave on emandpatlon : hence Meton. 
multo n^Joris ali^Me mecum veneunt, 
/ tdi freedom at a much hi^^er priee, 

USrili «• o^' (mfB for alarius). 
MUit. 1. 1., pertainxng to tike ala : cum 
cohortlbus alaribus, iJv. 

Uirlns, a, um, a44. [aU]. MUit. t. 
t., pertaining to the ala. For examples 
v. ala. 

U&tOfi <^ lun, aeU. [ala] furnished 
with unngs, win^ (only poet.) : plan- 
tae. of Mercury, vira. 

alanda* ae, /. fa Celtic word, lit. 
great sonntress, from al, high,greal, and 
aud, sonp]: the lark: Plln. ||. the 
name of a legion raised by 'Caesar, in 
Gaul: Cic 

alb&nQSi f^ ^nn, a^. pertaining to 
Mons Alb.: 1«^ allMmns, a kind of 
stone hewn from Mount Alba, called m 
Ital. peperino or pipemo, Vltr, : hence 
Alb. columnae, made qf such stone, 

allAtai. «. vm, a^. ralbus, like 
atratus, fhnn ater] dcihed in white: 
cum ipse epuli dominus albatus esset, 
Clc In the Clrcenslan nmes, the vhite 
party : auriga albatus. PUn. 

alMOi 2' V. n. [Id.] to be white: 
(mostly jpoet) campi osslbus albent, 
Vlig. Esp. in the imperf. pari,: al- 


bentes rosae, Ov : albente ooelo, at day» 
bmO;, Caes. 

albeieo* J> v. n. incep, to become 
vMte : mare albeadt, Clc : albescens 
capiUus,Hor. Of daybreak (d albeo) : 
to dawn : lux, Vlrg. 

alUoOi I* v« o.. [albua] to make 
white : rivus dfensus a scopulo albica- 
tur, becomes wkite,foamy, Yarr. H. 
v.n. to be white (mt) : prata camis 
albicant prulnis, Hor. 

albtUllB. «• um, odf. dim. [attms] 
wihitUM, wJuCe ; columbns : freta, tkt 
foaming waves. Mart, 

albimif l» w. wktieneu, the colour 
white: macuUs insl^nls et albo, Yliig. 
II. any white o^ect: oculorum, the 
whiU of Iheeue: Cels.: ovl, the white 
of an egg: m. %a white spot ois 
ihe eye, L e. a disease of lt=albi^, id. 
in. a white tablet, on toMcA anv- 
thing is inscribed (Aci^xm^). L m« 
iableU on which the Pontifex Maximoa 
registered the principal events qf Ck< 
year, the Annales rnaxlmi: in album 
referre. to enter or record in, dc 8. 
the taUets of the praetor, containing hit 
edicts, posted up in soine public place : 
sedere ad albtun, to be studying (Ae 
edicts qf the praetor. Sen. 8. a list 
qf names, a register, e. g. Album sena- 
torium. the roU qf the senators: albo 
senatorio eradere, Tac Alto the list 
ef the judges : albo Jodicum eradere. 

allnilf *» um, 04/. uihite (prop, dead 
white, opp. to aler, vrhSLsi canduius de- 
notes a dawling white, opp. to niger^ : 
barba,PL: Democritus luminibus amia- 
sis alba et atra discemere non poterat, 
Cic. The opposition of albus and nieer 
(instead of ater) is in exception to the 

Stn. rule: quae alba slut, quae nigra 
cere. kL 2. Meton. pale, firom 
sickness, care, etc.: aquosus albo ooiw 
pore hinguor, Hor.: vivat et urbanla 
albus in offldis, jM/e f rom (Ae com of 
office, Mart. 8. Of ue weather, wind, 
etc. : bnMtt, cUar, dry : Notus. Hor. 
II. ' Ig* : favowtiMe, fortunate, 
propitious : stannl alba nautis Stella re- 
nilsit, the twin-^tar Castor, favourable 
to sailors, id. |||. Proverbial 

phrases : L Dentibns albis deridere, 
to deride ^y laughing so as to show the 
teeth, to laugh to scorn : PL 2. altms 
an ater tit neado or Ignore, / know not 
whether he is wMe or black, I knouf 
nothing whatever about him: albua 
aterve fberis ignorans, Clc 8. Albo 
rete oppugnare, to attack or teise with- 
otU damage or danger to onesdf: qui 
hie albo rete aUena oppugnant bona» PL 
4. Alba Unea signare, to mark untk 
a white line, i. e. with a Une which 
leaves no impresidon: hence to make 
no distinction: GelL 5 Alba avis, 
for rara avis : Clc 6. FUi«« «1^»« 
mllinae. a favourite child qf fortune, 
Juv. Y.Equis alUs praecurrere, to 
excel, surpass {from the white horses in 
a triumphal chariot), Hor. 8. alb<}m 
calculum acUlcere, to allow, approve. 




the wbite pcbUe nwd by 
IS a dgn of acquittal). 

(bale), OruiD. n.plu. the 

days durmgtpkich the kinafiahar 
hrnoda amd <A« aaa wa$ nppoaeato be 
calm. HcDca Fig.: prt^ovmd trofi- 
fvOIiCy.' PL 

alOM, la. /. a< eU^ : Caeg. fin old 
G«nn. .XZcA or j^. meant a ^ stag." 

iUa* M,/- oflfr <><^ orcttfte. Hence 
« jpnwr nkqfed iP»<A dice. In gra. any 
fowi rf dboMCC Gaines of chance 
were prohibited I7 the Lex TiUa et 
Pnhlkla et OomeUa, except In the month 
oC December, dnrkig the SatnmaUa: 
InAere alea or aleam, also sometimes, 
hk alea: homo neqnisdmns, qni mm 
dafaitarlt in fim>alea Indere.Cic: aleam 
stadfeeiasime Insit, Saet. : in alea per- 
dere, Oc. : exeroere aleam. Tac. : indul- 
«» aleae, Saet. Fig. : JacU alea est, 
IM dw ka$ teen east : the memorable 
exclamation of Csesar at the Bablom, 
Soot. %,gamMing : in lustils, popinis, 
alea^ rino tempos consumere,Qc. ||. 
Fig.: <M»^tk&»g%MiU)criaAn,an accident, 
dkaitee, vmtmre, risk : alea vitae ac rei 
finxdUaris, (*« riak, Varr. : aleam inetee 
hoetlli (Migcndfa. Cic. : dare snmmam 
icnBiinalaun,Uv.: In dnMam imperii 
serritBqae aleam ire, id. : alea belli. Id.: 
Calibas admissis alea grandis inest, Ov. : 
pericolosae pleonm opus alcae, Hor.: 
jC. Ttfliiia extra omnem Ingenii aleam 
poaltiiK, mifed above all doubt <^ ki$ 

Utttoor* OHs, m. C«lea] a dic^flAiyer, 
a fftnnfttfr • CIc 

ilMtbllUf a, mn, a4j. (id.] per- 
titimng t» a gcmtater: aleatona dsmna, 
lasses o^ffloy, etc 

Um (aleo halec and allec). 6ds. «i. 
or Un 0^). Sds, /. and in. (plur. 
not osed). tke aedtwuaU cf a cotUyJi^' 
aowe, gtfom: and in gen. tke $auee 
p rep ar ed from »maU Juh, Jitk-pieUe, 
Pttn.:PL:Har. [Prob. connected with 

Hit, intb (aU. aUtt. Sen. : gen. slur. 
aUtnm, Mart., and alitoum, Locr.) Qala] 
ov%.a^. afterwanto subs t. gen. comm. 
I, adff. winged: ales avis. Clc.: 
aqoaa, i. e. Pegatus, Ov. : Dens, Mer- 
emrg, U. 2. Meton.: tvir\ft: ales 
Ansicr,V1n|.:paiaas.0v. H.Subst. 
• Mrd (mostlV poet.) Oen, oamm.t 
pcants dnata aJee, Lncr. : argentea, tke 
rseen, b^ore iti fnetcmerpkoiis, Ov. : 
•operba, ike peacock. Mart. : longaeva, 
Oe pkomix, Claud. : fiuneUoa, tke kite, 
FVn.: Rioebelas,<Aen»eN.Ov.: aUras. 
tttf swan. Hor.: cristata, <Ae eoeir, Ov. : 
vigil ales, tke ooek, UL : DauUas alesa 
pfaikxDela. H: fblvus Jovis ales, tke 
eagU, Viig. : also/ea». .* Jovis ales lapsa 
plBgaaether1a.Vta. 8. Meton. any 
wit^god pawn or adtg: Cjrllenixis ales, 
Mercmy, Claad. : aareua ales^ Perseus, 
Scat.: alea canoroa. a siRin, fotapoet: 
Hor.: also absoL: Slaeonli carmlnis 
skiian^/RM<,fd. S. In aqgmy. 
aMics an Mndt that give omene by tkeir 

Jligkt, as' the buteo, lanqoalis, aqnila, 
e<e. .* but oadnes, bv their v(rfce, as the 
oorvos, comix, and noctua : turn hue, 
tum illuc 'volent alites : tum a dextra, 
turn a dnistra parte canant oscines, Cic 
Hence, 4. Meton.: ov^ry, om«n r 
mala aolata uavls exit elite, Hor. 

altZt V. alec 

Uttaildl&TII* ■• lun* o^' pertain- 
ing to Aiexandria: Alexandnna vita 
atque Ucentia, a luxwrUnu and Uoen- 

aln. se, /. ieOrVMod, PUn. : Hor. 
8. Meton.: a tAin^ of 2»<tlc value: 
vilior algft, Hor. 

algeOf Aisi. 2. V. n. to be cold, to feel 
^iUjf : erudiunt Juventutem, algendo, 
aestuando, Cic: sudavit et alsit, Hor. 
Fig.: mobitaslaudatur etalget,fu/ren 
from cold, L e. if no< ckerisked, Juv. : 
Part. : algens, oold, okUljf : algeutls 
manna est calflidenda slnu, Ov. 

algeiOOt *^» i* *• »"«cp> n. [algeo] 
to catck cotd: ne ille alserit^ Ter. 
8. Of things: to become coid: vites, 

al^UB, a, mn, acfj. fid.] cold : algi- 
da, se. regfo, Naev. in Ctc 

algOTf Oris, m. [id.] tke feeling of 
cold,ooldneu: patiens ahpyrts, SaU. 

algteoti ■• iini. a<^. ^dga] abound- 
ing Ml sso^uieed : PUn. 

aUnSt Ob. ». or alga, n. [algeo] 
tke/eelingo/cold,coUU%eu: interficere 
fkine atque algu, PI. 

Ui-, a root which appears In a great 
number of words, and from which are 
derived alls and alid, the old Nom. of 
alius (v. aUus). This root ali hss two 
meanmgs: |. iflse, o(Aer. Thismean> 
ing is negative, *' not this one,* but aome 
other. I|. Anp, aome. This meaning 
is indefinite, any you please, withoni 

UI&i odtt. by another way : equites 
aUi alia in dvitatee suss diu^ sunt, 
soaie by one way, otkera by another, 

IHaf f odv. [slius] I. Of place : 
daewhere: alti enlm sunt alias, Cic: 
fiioete is qnidem sicut aliss, aa in other 

aaagea, id. ||. Of time, past or 

ture: <U another time, on another 
oooaaion: led plura scribemus alias, 
at another (or future) opportunity, 
id. Alias . . . alias : alias eropUone 
tentata, alias cnnicuUs actis, Caes. 
Allss . . . aUter, or alias . . . aliud. at 
one time in one way, at another time in 
a»udkerway,Clc ilUassaepe: fecimus 
et alias laepe, kL Raro alias : ut raro 
alias quisquam ianto favore est auditus, 
Liv. Semper alias: Suet. Non aliass 
nnnquam, nerer : non alias miUtl (ami* 
Uarior dux Mt, Liv. |||. Jn other 
reapecta, otherwiae,fiir the reat, on other 
eonditiona,/<Mr other reaaona, etc: alias 
salubrl poto aquae, PUn. 

AUadse, and -bi is the locative case- 
ending], elaewhere : aUbi pavorem, alibi 
^udium ingens fadt, tn oneplaee/ettr, 
tn anotherjoy, liv.: exprobrsntes suam 


quisque aUns aUbi miUtiam, one hia 
aervice in one place, ant4her, kia tn 
onotAer place, id. : aUbi decem millia 
peditum, alibi parte plus dimidia rem 
auctam. invenio (tmealdng of (Ufferent 
passages in authors). Id. ||. Meton. : 
tn o<Aer tkinga, in other reapecta, otker- 
wiae : si alibi plus penliderlm, minus 
aogre habeam, PI. 

UIca, M./. (orIg.a4/.) a kind of 
grain, apdt, Cato. 8. ffrita prepared 
from it, Cels. 8. o drtnJk prepatis d 
from tkeae grita. Mart, 

Uloilbi* ado. aomewhere, anywherer 
si salvus dt Pompetus et coiMtiterit aU- 
cubi, Cic With hie : aomeuJkere here, 
Aeraoteuts; utinam hie prope adesset 
alicubi, Ter. [The older form was aU- 
quoU, which proves that aU-cubi is an 
old dat. of altquis ; cf . d<ufai firam si- 

alloUat M. /. C«Ia] a light upper 
garment: Mart 

UlonXiddi adv. lit. ony-uAence, sonm- 
whence : from aome place : frequently 
used with nouns and pronouns In the 
old writers : venit meditatus alicunde ex 
solo loco, from aome aolitary place, 
Ter. : aUunde fluens aUcunde extrinse- 
cus met, from aome other quarter, Lucr. 
2. Of persons: non quo aUcunde 
audieris, noi that you have heard it 
from aome one dae,Cki. 8. Of things: 
DOS omnes, qulbus est aUcunde aUquia 
objectus labor, from any thino, Ter. 
[llie older form was aUqptunae : the 
word should be divided oli-cimde.] 

alidf for aUud, v. aUus. 

SSIofttlo, Gnis J". raUeno] the troHa- 
f erring of a thing /rom one peraon to 
another : aUenatlo sacrorum, a traiMfer 
<ff the aaered ritea of one family to 
another, Cic. ||. Fig.: Of persons: 
the going over from one peraon or party 
to cmother : a^arcUion, deaertion, aver- 
aion : turpis fbga et alienatio exerdtus, 
Cses. : in Vltemum alienatio, ansrtton, 
Tac: idienatio mentis, loaa iff rtaatan, 
lunacy, Cels. 

Ultnlgfina* <ms m. (earUer, alle- 
nigenus, a, nm, 04^.). bom in anotker 
or foreign land ; foreign, alien t and 
snbst. a ttramger, a foreigner t homo 
longinquusetalienigena,Cic Of things: 
vino aUenigena utere, QelL Subst.: 
quid alienigenae de vobis loqui soleant, 
CIc ^ketaogeneoua'.lAXce.lAXiiewaA 
and GKK, root of gigno.] 

UHnO, avi, atum, 1. v. a. [alienas] 
to make anotker'a, to alienate, to 
tranter by aale: ea, quae acee- 
pissent a miOorlbus, vendldlsse atque 
allenasse, Clc 8. to make other or 
different, to alter tke nattire of: tn mo 
allenabis nunquam, qn^n noster stem. 
PL 8. In gen. to aeparate, atrange: 
nrbs aUenata, suHeded to a for^gn 
power, SalL ||, Fig. : Of mental ob- 
jects : to eatrmtge,aetat variance, alien- 
ate : eum omnibus eadon respubUca 
rccondliavlt, quae alienarat, Clc.: me 
Cslsa suQ»lcione allenatum sentlebam, 
neyfeded, discarded, SalL 8. Pass. 





followed by ab and oN. : to hem at a 
diitimu from, (o be dit i mcl imiM to, to 
avoid ^abhoirere: % &Im Msenaioiie 
nof ftUenatM mm. Cfo. 8. followed 
bjT mentem. ■enfum, etc^ to deprive of 
rtfomm, make ddirioiu, imaatu : inene 
alieoat* mmte. Cms. : stgDom allenatae 
mentUtqfinionUjf.Saei, And absoL: 
odor Bolphaiia Mepias ha o stoa i^ieiutt, 
depriwet V* ^ente. Sen. : alienarl moite, 
to be insane, deliriouM, Plin. 

UXimf, a, am, a^j. [alius] beUmg- 
ing to another perton, or thing, not 
one'$ oum (opp. to $mu) : aUis sua eri- 
pere. alttt dwre aliena, Cfc: allemmi 
vnliuu, intmded for another, Virg. : 
allena oomna, of Actaeoo tranifonned 
Into a stag, Ov. : aUeno Marts pngna- 
bant, sc. eqnites. i, e, without hana, 
atfoot'-miidlert, liv. 2. Aes aUenum, 
lit another*$ money, brace dAt: ▼. 
Asa. Subst: aUeniim.i, «. tlUiNi»> 
ferty cf othen: alien! ^^iens, sni 
prufosos, SaU. ||. not rdated or 
ailied, foreign, etrampe : dves potiores 
qnam persgrini, propinqni qnain alieni, 
Cic. : se snaqoe omnia alienissimis cr»> 
dUenmt, Caes. Sobat : apod me 
ooMiant alienl norem, nine ttrangen, 
tL III. Fig.: un a ttitaUt e , ineongrw 
OUM, mtfaeomtMe, inoonvenient, foreign 
(opp. to aftMt) : with Oen, Dat.Abl. ab, 
ad, or ahtoi. L With Oen. : alienom 
elas dignitatis* quam mibi qnisqne tri- 
buit, Oc. a. ^Vith Dot,: Qood illi 
causae mazime est aUenum, id. 8. 
WithAM.;amidtia.kL 4.Withab: 
alienum a viU mea, Ter. 8. With 
od : ad oommittendum proelium aliennm 
esse tempos arUtratus. Caea. 6. 
AbsoL alieno loco proelium oommit- 
tnnt, ii» am ui\favourabU place, id.: 
aliena ac nihil pr o ftitura petere. OUnae 
foreign (to man*i nature), uneuitame. 
Sail. 7. With iitf. or dauee ; non 
alienum esse Tidetur de OalUae Germa- 
niaeqoe mcnrfbus proponere.Caes. 8. 
Alienam esse in or ab aliqna re, not to 
ttndentoftd, or he ver$ed in : in phTstds 
Kpicums totos est aUenus, in natural 
jMiloMtpAtf J^ is altogether out of his 
element, Ck. IV. averse, hostile, un- 
friendly: ilium alieno animo a nobis 
esse res ipia indicat, Ter. : alieno esse 
animo in Caesanm mllitea, Caea. V. 
n nacdidne : Of the mind, distracted, 
eidirious: aliena mens. Salt 

UlgeTf gSra, gfirum, a^. [ala eero], 
httvmg wings, winged : amor, Virg. : 
ogmen, i.e.qf birds, id. 

JUixamtinif U n* C*lo3 nourishment, 
sustenance, food : deslderabat allmenta 
corporis, die 2. F^K* : support, ma- 
teruxls, matter: addidit alimenta ru* 
morihns adrentos Attali, pace support 
to the nanours, Liv. : concipit Iris 
aquas, alimentaqne nubibos affert. Or. : 
locrimae d alimenta Aiore. id. |l. 
recomoense due to parents from <M- 
drenfor their rearing : quad alimenta 
exspectaret a nobis patrta, Cic. 

iilmSnltmit U, n. [id.} nourishment, 
sustei*once:vasahB,yan.: quaerercJnr. 


UIB, adv. Prop, ct plaoe : II t. else- 
whither: to tome other plaoe: d offendet 
me lod celebritaa alio me conJbram, 
Cic : prin&pes anno poet alio transire 
cogont, Caes. Strengthened bj quo : 
statuam, Aipinumne mlhl eundum alt, 
an quo alio, Cic b. Of persona or 
things: quo alio, nid ad nos ooaPagt' 
rent } Liv. : vocat me alio Jamdodum 
tadta restim exspectatlo, to another 
siMeetfOc e»OfpnTpooeoTdieiiga: 
pleoem nusqoam alio natam quam ad 
servlendum, LIt. 2. *Uo • • • aUo, in 
one direction .,, isi anoUur ; hither... 
Mia«r« hue... illuc: alio res ihmilia. 
ria, alio dudt humanitas, Cic. 8. aUus 
alio, an abbreviated tduase : one in one 
way, another in another : alind aUo dls- 
dpavlt. Id. So also : aliunde aho,from 
one place to another: quasaatione terrae 
aliunde alio aquae transfemntnr. Sen. 

(USqvI. aw) alioqnln (both fonns 
are used tndifferentlj, like oeteroqui 
and ceteroquin) ado. prop., Abl. of 
alius and quia, other-how, other^wise, 
in other respects: milites tantum, 
qui seqnerentur currum, defberunt : 
alioqui magnifVnia txtumphus Adt, liv. 
II. besides, in general, already, 
moreover (jpraetered) : ne pugnemus 
igitur, quum pr aes e itlm fduniius allo- 
qnin Qraeds dt utendnm, SMMiy other 
Greek words besides. Quint. m. In 
arguments, inferences, etc, : oiharwise, 
else: credo minimam istius rd fldsse 
cupiditatem : aUoquin multa ezstaient 
ezenopla miO<)*imi, Cic 

Mtaramn or aliftrim% contr. of alio- 
vorsum and alioversus, whidi are also 
used, adv.: lit. etse-uhither, elso^e ar ds, 
in another direction : mater andllas 
Jubet,aUamaliorBumlre,PL ||.*Bin 
aliam partem or ratlonem, in another 
manner, in a different sense : vereor, ne 
aliorsum atque ego fed, acceperlt, Ter. 
(Hence, Fr. aOIcMrs.) 

iUpM. »di^ adi. [aU pesT (poet 
and rare), having wings on the feet, 
wingfoUed: sacra ddalipedis, of ller- 
curj, Ov. : and obaol. ; mactatur vaoca 
Mfaiervae, Aiimdi vltnlns, id. ||. 
Met on.: swift, fleet: onrl, Locr. : 
equi, Virgi And absoL tar equus. Id. 

Uiptte or UiptAf •«, m.-^iktlw 
Twr. Lit : the ofumntor In the wrestling- 
8(^ools or the baths : but gen. Uko 
trainer or teaxker in the gymnasia : 

USqn&t ait. (orlg. AbL of allqula, 
agreeing with via), 6y some road, some- 
how, in some way or other : allquaevo- 
lare dpoeaet,Cic 

Ulquaait odf. [allquisl, M some de* 
gree; used onlj in connecoon with din, 
multns, and plures. |. AUquam din, 
and allquamoiu, a while, for a u.h\U,for 
some time: ut ooa aliquando ooodnn- 
natum esse OpplMiicum, sed aUquam 
diu incolumem ftaisse mimnini, Cic 
2. Often followed by deinde, postea, 
poetremo, tandem, etc.. cnnctari aU- 
quam diu sunt : pudor deinde conimovlt 
Uv. 3, Of place : fer a long 

distance: Rhodanna allqnam din OalUaa 
dirimit Mela. ||. Allqnam ranltus, or 
aliqoammultas : considerable in mtwdter 
or quantity: aunt veatmm aliquam- 
multi qui Plaonem oognorunt, Ck. 

She pronoaL-adw. ending in am 
note **bow much" or ** in what 
degree," as tarn, quam, qnaoquam, 
Kev, i 791.1 

iUqnuiaOf odv. temp, [id.3 related 
to aliquis, as quando to quia: benoe, 
quando, when, aliquando, any-when, 
some-M^»en, that is, at some tndeflnita 
time, past or ftiture, at some or anf 
time, at some time or another, formeriy, 
hereafter. Aliquando Is generallr used 
in affirmative clauses, unanam in ne- 
gative clauses, or those implying doubt : 
leglones cohortatua ut allquaado ftuc- 
tnm vlctorlae perdperent CSies. : veritns 
sum deeese iWpeii aalnti, quum lUe 
aliquando non deraiaaet meae, once, do. 
Strengthened with ullus and allmds: 
quaerere ea num vel e Fhilone vd ez 
uUo Acsdemico auiflvlsset aliquando, 
id.: non deqpero fi>re alkiuem aMquaodo, 
id. a forte aliquando or d aUquaodo. 
y at any time, if eeer, etc. : d quia 
bqjus simHe forte aliquando evenerit, 
Ter. II. sowtetimes, now and then at 
nonnunquam, interdum : te nonnub- 
quam a me alienarunt et me allquaiMlo 
Immutarunt tibi, Ck. It is sometimes 
repeated : conflnnatlo aliquando to^tos 
causae est aliquando partium. Quint 
III. at length, for once, on this 
occasion, now: eero: verum aliquando 
tamen, Cic : sed ne plnra : dloendum 
enlm aliquando est : J must for once say 
it, id. Pleon. with tandem : aliquando 
tandem hue antanian ut adducia tnum, 

UlqnantiUui* •# vn. ad{f. dim, rall- 
quantuluaj a t^b bit : PL 

Ulqiuatiflperi adv. temp, [anquan- 
tuaj for a whUe, for some time t PL : 

irtqiuiito And inqnantimu aio, 

rid.j somewhaJt (areat or small) eonsi* 
aerably, a Utile, m some degree (the de- 
gree dependa on the context) : a middle 
term between multo and paulo : nam at 
in navi vecta ea, credo timida es. Ba, 
Aliquantum, soror, somewhat, PL : noo 
modo non contra legem, sed etiam Intni 
legem et auldem aliquanto, not a little, 
Cic: quale dt non tarn definition*, 
intelligi potest (quamquam aliquantam 
potest), quam, etc., in some dearee, \d. 
Of time: quum in iisdem lods aBquaoto 
ante ftiisset some time before. Id. 2. 
With oomparativra: oarinae alkjuanto 
planlorea quam nostrarum navium, 

UlqilftntliltUllf adp. [aliquantulusl 
a Utue, somewhat: aliquantuhun tlm 
parce, Ter. : subtristis. Id. 

illqiUUltftlllSt ^ ^i™> 04/* <^"** C*^i* 
quantus] (rare as aiilj.) very little : all- 

5uantulaa frumenti numems, Hlrt 
Teutr. subst. with gen. partit. : quum 
aerls alieni allquannilum rtUctcm esaet 




UkmatUi a, nm. a4^. [All, <mv. 
IMM, tad quaotiul MineMAcu (yritUX 
or mmttHkat (tmauX henoa, in ooiui- 
dbraM* MoaAly or tn $wuM qmamtUjf : 

a« aiddls term betwetn nmdi and 
!: Boaanl i ^u uium et anxMjmm 
aUtuBDlo oameio, bMttmn muoomm, 
powi.a«nwid0«M«iMMiter,8alL 2. 
la a MMAr. tnbrt. : ted quiero. atxvm 
alMI acton soperlorlbiu dMras, an 
lAil artltremor i A. Aetxan vero, et 
•Mqeaatoa qjoUaa, (3c : with pen. 
lartii. : alfcniantmn agri, id. 

ifloiAtiirait «<<«• C&Uqoft and it" 
wmjz^rlomte diUtmce, Of plaoe : 

I» a eertoin dnree, »» «9Me waonirc, to 
iMB<cs<M<: ■BgnatemM, inqnit, dolgre, 
aBfaatiDBS timere pennitia : nd Hind 
aUqaatemu loo^e pndudtar. Sen. 

Utod. aHqaa, attqood. plair. aUqoi. 
•fiqaaCallqiia £aH qm] (the n(m./em. 
SMf. and iMHtfr. jriacr. were oridnallj 
•Bqna : aUoMae ret yciteret. Lucr. : 
■ft ga ani a aJtqoa), jitpm. indtf. a^. : 
mme, mn, alwi^ emphatle, and op- 
pond, dttcr expitaal J or hf lix^iUca- 
tfoo, to mdi woraa as aU, muA, tume : 
it eatallqai Mmraa in morte praeduo- 

"iQod beUum, 

paraoaae laadem aot vitoperatlo- 

, (o the praim or Uame of aom€ 

iOiiUindividHaK Cka,: haeeeBfanflle 
uqoa ex parte habetiat, in «oMe dflpTK, 
il : fdfall (te habere), qood aot hoc, aut 
■ttqao rHpnbilfae atata timeas, in this 
«r mm vtktr. Id. U. In the nattr. 
jlMr.(Baliet.salkinld): $omt,uveral: 
a aanatkae ot aUqua neganda, aliqna 
•'f^T**. attqua motanda, ale aUqoa 
««liai taccoda, Qoint. Hence alao like 
attqoM followed by Otn,. : trium rennn 
alhiaa conscquemor, CIc |||. With 
nonmb (aa Gr. rur) to ezpreaa an in- 
idUn snmbCT: aUqaoa v^gioti diet, 
avaie, or dtmtt so day, PI. : tret aliqoi 
aatqnatoor, Cic |V. With aUoa, any 
tfter.ele.: qnae non habent ca|Nit ant 
allqqaaa aUam partem, Varr. 

IDqoipIailU Ulqaftplam, iHqaodni. 
wsi^frm^mitf. a«£^. [allqail (a doubtful 
facB), Maw, any; eUamal allqaapiam 
vi expeUeretur ex hac nrbe, dc. : nnm 
iaawi,snt nam ailqooi^rfam memb nu n, 
ouf otter, U. 

lOqnit, aliqQid.i)lw.aliqul [ali-qnis] 
[fStTting. and /«m. and neutr.pUtr. 
aotvacd; for the fbma atiqnae, aitqua, 
profcrtr belong to allqid, q. r.— itM. 
tiaf. aoqnl. Plant.)— smm. iwirf, ntbtt. 
(SooMtinwa for aliqm : quibna eat ali- 
qiii ol^jectna laboo, Tcr.), aoai« one, 
tnf one, ame or amp (hmg, aomebodjr 
•r tomtAmg else; in the plur., mme, 
c^ awny ; qolaqnia est lUe, ai modo 
m adotda, qnl, etc., if thertt be anv- 
fee^, CIc : ant tnre, ant vino ant oU- 

■empcr aoppUcafc, vitk gomethivg, 
aliqold (aoerem, nt hoc ne foce- 

, / mmUL da any thing wkaUter, 


$0 a$ to avoid doing Ms, Ter. : aut 
ipae oocnrrebat aut aliquoa mittebat, 
tome othen, Liv. : Tiberium ne turn 
quidem aliquid quam iram meditatum, 
any thing else, Tac 3. With a4}ec- 
tlves : Judicabant, ease profecto aliquid 
natura pnlcnun atque praedAmm, Qc : 
aliauid magnum, Vixg. 8. With unua, 
to denote a alnglie, bnt indefinite person : 
ad unum aUqucm confugiebant, Clc 
4. With alius, aliiid: dum alium 
aliquid flagltll con&dat, Ter. 5. Var- 
tillve with ear, de, or the Gen.: aliquia 
ex ▼oUa, Qc: aliquis de tribua nobis, 
id.: suorum aliquis, id. 6. Aliquid 
with the (fen. oi a Subat <n- A(Q. for 
the a/^^jeet. allqui : aliquid pugnae, PL : 
Tlrlmn, Cic : In qidbua aliquid conailil 
ant dimiutis fuit, Caes. 7. In Plant, 
and Ter. with a plur. verb (as rtc. in 
Or.): ^lerite atque EroUum aliquis 
evocate, cvien, tome one, PL With the 
2 pen. sing.: exoriare aliquis noatris 
ex oaalboa nltor, Virg. 8. in the 
neut. aa ode. : ai in me aUqdd ofRen- 
diatis,Cic H.aometedjf or tometiUi^^ 
great ofoontiderabU : eaae aliquem or 
aliquid (aa rtt, n, in Or.) : to be tome' 
body or tomething, Lt. to be qf tome 
tcorth, value, or note : atque fac, ut me 
vena eaae aUquem, C^ : eat aliquid, it 
it no trifle, id. 2. Dicere aliquid, 
like kiyw r(, to tay tomtething qf im- 
jtortance. Id. 

UlqniBquaiB, &Uq,xiidqiiam.prQn. 

indrf. tubtt. raUquisj, any one, any 
thing (nm): Cic 

UiqmSt odo. [aliquis] lit any- 
whUher, tomeidiitAcr : to tome place or 
other: aliqnemms aliouo educere, Cic. 
With Gen. like 9110, uoi, etc. : mlgran* 
dum Rhodum aut aliquo terramm. Brut, 
in Clc 

Ulqnfitf num. inAf. indeei. [all, 
quoTI lit. smne-ialkal in point qf num- 
ber, tome, a few: dies, Ter.: aaecula, 
ac Without snbet.: aliquot me sdie- 

ftUqaStitet (aliquotiens» 8aIL Frag.), 
adv. [aliquot] Anne-^mei, either manj 
or ftfw, at teveral timet, at different 
titnet: aliquotles causam agere, Clc 

UlquS-VOmiBlf odv. touaidt tom4 
fiaee, one trajr or other : PL 

Hja. old form for aliua, q. v. 

lUtfir. ado. [aUs for aUut] other- 
viae, in another manner : tu si auter ex- 
iatimea, nihil errabia, Cic : uterquenoe- 
trum his etiam ex studiis notus, quibus 
aliter Ignptus est, o^Aentite, L e. per- 
tonally unknown, Plin. : neque mor* 
daces aliter diflbgiunt sollidtudlnet. by 
any otAer ineam, Hor. : aliter IHodoro, 
aliter PbllonI, CJuysippo aliter placet, 
Cic. With atque, ac, quam : aed aliter 
atque ostenderam Uuio, id. Non, nee 
nihil, hand aliter, not otherwise, 1. e. 
juet at if: nee acripei alicer ac ai, etc, 
id. Non aliter nisi, or quam ut, on no 
other conditirm than : non patl C. Gae- 
sarem coosnlem aliter fieri, jlsl exerd- 
tum et provlndaa tradMerit CoeL Ck. : 
id aibi contendandum, aut aliter non 

tranaducendum exerdtum exJatJmabat, 
Caea.— Aliter esse, ur ae habere, to be 
differently oonttUuted or etttpoted : ratio 
oraoque agminis aliter ae babebat ac Bel- 
gae ad Nervioa detulerant. Id. 2. *" 
a different manner, L e. contrary to eas- 
jpeetotion or with ; verum aliter evenira 
multo intelligit, Ter. 8. Of local posi- 
tion: atque .iditer curvantem brachia 
cancmm, in the oppnite direction, Or, 
II. For alioquln, in any other cote, 
dte : Jua enim semper eat quaesitum 
aequabile : neque enun aliter ea&et Jus, 

ftlXtnr Peart, (alo). 

UnU, odv. fall ubr](Rare for th« 
oontr. aUu) elte%auTt : vetant hoc aliubl 
venti, Plin. : allubi pro aqua, aliubi pro 
pabulo pcndunt, here . . . there, id. 

aliiunt i« n., V. alUnm. 

UlimaSt ode. [aU unde] lit else- 
vchatee : frvm another perton, place, at 
thing: eum aasumpto aliunde uti bono, 
Clc: aliunde dloendioopiampetere,ld.: 
aliia aliunde eat peilculnm, wme art 
exposed to danger from one quarter, 
othertfrom another, Ter. 

Ulns, a, ud, ad^. (old form, alit, 
olid, Lucr., Cat— Qen. ting. m. alii, 
Gato.— /)a(. «. all, Lucr. — Ftm. aen, 
aUae. Lucr. : Clc : liv.—Fiem. dot. aUae, 
Plant— /^(U. plur. alia. Lucr.), not the 
tame, different, other (uaually of ae> 
veral, whereaa oUer meana the other qf 
tun): diutumitate pugnae boatea de- 
fesai proelio excedebant alH integria 
viribna anccedebant, Caea. : txtq. with 
the jyron. indtf. aliquia, quia, quidam : 
nee nobia praeter me aliua qulsquam est 
servos Soda, PI. : alio dib, augural (. t 
when the oomitia were to be postponed 
to another day, on the pretence of unfa- 
vourable omena : quid ^viua, quam rem 
auaceptam dirimi, d unus augur auo dib 
dixerlt ? Cic Followed by atque or ac 
and et, more rarely l^ nld and quam : 
inatead of quam, the AU. oompar. or 
praeter, and similar words, are some- 
thnes used. L With atque or ac: 
timeo ne aliud credam, atque aliud 
nnntiea, J /ear that J am giving credit 
to one thing, and yot» asterting an^ 
other, Ter.: ut longe alia in fortuna 
esaet atque ^Jus pietas ac dignitas po%- 
tulabat, tn a far different condition 
from that tchich, etc, Cic: non alius 
einem atque nunc sum, a different 
\ penon from vhat I now atn, id. 2. 
With et the things compared are brouf^t 
together ; a pause should precede : lux 
longe alia e^ soils et lychnorum, there 
it a wide difference between the light c^ 
the tun ana that qf a lamp. Id. 8. 
With nid or quam (the latter is doubt- 
ful in Clc): erat hlstorla nihU alind 
nid annalinm confectio, id. Also, nihil 
aliud nid or quam, followed by verb, 
flnit, nothing else than, nothing but, 
only. This oonstr. Is often eUiptkal, 
and fecit, factum ett, or something 
similar must be supplied: et hostes 
quidem nihil aliud (1. e. nulla alia re 
ftctt) quam perftiaia vano timora Bo* 


tomn. nia. 4. Wlih JH, M 

l^Hpfu, Bur. i.Wliliara<nr:iw 
qiiUi|gua •ttodM ptillinlphtt i—rttr 
ndl^ Mfteltet, Oc. R. ■"— 

pgtad lit Mii'illl. qnttea, mcfl, pu^ 
ttu. <((..■ kaai^(luiaH...lkiMiB': 

B mttray^ pmfca an- 

1 RpfUad (la wMlw (w) 
fDuuUB alta attv la kno biti 

1 ; aqdlM *u *bi4IUpri 


SiiniuiapiKUlt»clorniil,IiT. VI 

chiiiBKl iH, PL : loME (Ua mlhl dh 
sUSilL Hence, In ills omnU, K. TDt 

Mm ll*llrtiU.Cw. IX. UktOUt: 

OkUk tat oank divka teputc* 
AqiMod, mitm dlu*. On. 

Aiwvtam rvpHt OaUinB podicor, 

■ MHa4 Jriwd^TK. {Or. aWw; 

Uiri (nn); iM^Hinadi **t ac pa- 

•KLUacacTbi-: bn alUUniT auiea, 
bd.: CareaiB allaUmar on. « aail IB, 
U.; >iana*>«iilaUaUura(au.raai 

■UiK« (adL). aTl atgrn. .. t. a. 


-idat DKim. PL 
(adL;, auta,/. [aUtcto] 

'(JlMtT'ci^JtaTl.UaB, I. •.JV.j. 
(adL). IWa7. [alllco] • 

T^fin (idL), ■< 

g*. qui pcHiml. Ck. Ben* alltpiU. 

ilnlia.' lour albcuUB O^ilanid. Id. 

■■ "— - (p-VABg.): I>«U.«. 

.Dm. PUd. : (K^tlJ mtt- 

pncea, nuiliu n9> ml alle- 

ia and ammamit (a Bucma), Tac 



•UvtaMStaH. L IL [aOiro] A 

iMBuyaUniuOV (»»}; ring ulL> 

awwLi iMnM ;» ™«i « Mi Mhi»aii, 

nnw a W i y . a w ^ja j ; « (dokHta) 

■Uiia (adLX lA >um. ■■ •■ 1- to 


RBt,SalL Fl|-: aCang rtoqaentla 
i« Jfirtni, el tia mnmlani aUarabalar. 

™l.Flg.: ari5u,.^.llnJi,«^ 
2Bo^>S(adL), ). •. a. [aUklB 

aHId« (tuX lui. iKimD, |. (^ a. 

(alaii alUcH, aia»l,(n,i.T.a.(^r.) 
tl-tol O *w aaU, la, nm. nx 
HUB, A w Ulam bulM biHnlnem ad naa 

OdUa H^ ptHBiUi id m aJUoen 

"2tii»(-n-), «, mn. ,. .. a. |>Bfc,l 
ta iMb, or itaik ^oriiut: (te^lg^j 
nia ad lofialoa allka. Owi. Jt 
Pig.; U imiamgiri cam, H luftr 
dU M iW - k qnUnu {damaalWilbm) 

■Uln (adLX avl. Uun. I. *. a. to 

bni<IK>,»aic: aduauiam,Gle. Of 
blodlBC Iba Tine id tnra « other 

cKoliu liltntaa. Oc. : Dana alUpt 

alllnie toliam. tajl* it, PUii.:^Sl|1 
mracwrn, ilata lAa aim J^Hn*. 

etc: beHfldo alUpii.ld.: allKan ar, 

MMid/.- wtth ««. « aU.: tai^uni aa 
aUlBLTer.: alllgai* H tolkn, Oc 

•tUno (idLl UtI, UlBm, J. V. a. 
(M- HiU^n. PHLJ la knaar, to »•■ 
iami (nn); Inlbn fplpbvila, nin. 

tuiivUi •entandlaalUnl poaaa, CIc 

■innu (i-u.), fc ™. /■B-<7fai»|to]. 
•lllnv ((•■Unm),',"- !>*">< Iba 

SOB AUlnn. Utat. (ride, Cae)a aaO 

tofvc ^ peoO : obolulitl alLLnaL PL 
Heon Ft. oAO [Sum ai oor lid, 

■llicatlo' (•dl'). eolL /. [alliiqiior] 




iSAllociitk»e? Oit ni, am haramgtu 

^ • Jfamam gemenl toMS 

: ▼. 

radLX U, n. [aUoqnor] 
kartatiim, eoiuoUUiom: 
ftUoqido kni pertkere hnmtiMH ad &•• 
4immm xahaa^ liv.: benlgno aUoonlo 

■l-liqaar («<n.X catu, j. «. dtp, 

UijfC^ t0,aiddrtm,eskort,eomtol4 (rare 
la daai per.) : DUa sratiaa agere atqne 
aOe^iri, PL : qpan. naoo aUoqai reltet, 

■llghlWOO. !•«• <Mft. pabet]» to 
ItfigiM fa plea$e: Heicle vero >an allo- 
b aa dt (fanina) prfmnlani, PL 

ftUflflM («U.X xi, «o jwi:f. iNtrt.. 
a. V. II. lo rtt w e MpoN (▼aiy mra) : nia 
alii|nl itDkolaa alluxeriL Sen. |l. 
Fig. : aa V. a. : fortnna famlain Incri- 
fieoB aUoeera Tiilt, it rea4|f la tvhi up 

ftUifliBfttiOb Alluniiort ▼• aloe. 

aUlMUO* I. «. o. <o j«$t at : qoaado 
adfcam^ aUodiabo, PL : and of doga: 
lacMreHL id. 

al4tmo («dL\ fid, fisam, j, v, a. 
mdn.Uplayw%ik,to^ke,je$i: [freq. 
aAer Aug. per.; In uc only onoe:] 
with ad or itat. : allndit ftaama) vlrl- 
Afaa czaolut In berfaa. Or.: aliudana 
Taria at oopAuae, disamrnng tportiveljf, 
dc 2. lo aUmdt or r^er <o: Ho- 
acrl ranStma, VaL Max. ||. Fig. : 
of Iba waTca : to ploy or doM upon : 
man tcnam ^ipetena tttortboa awxtit, 
Cfe. 2. Of tba wind : aonuna cacu- 
nina aOvae knttma aUodit flafaria lerla 

al4no (xU-X fii, |. v. a. to waah 
'\Mt, to btUk*: DOQ aUnuntur a 
moania, CIc Fig. : (MaMtUa) 
I Galloran gentibqa barbariae 
ftaccfboa aUnltnr, Id. 

•IUMm (mU.). ei. /. (allaol a pool 
iftiew'iwirf 6y lAc ow er/ toi w fiy tffa n«cr, 
aCc: to pitxxlnMi alhiTie paeroa axpo- 

iBjMo (mU-)* Onli, /. [id.] aw otwr- 
Jiomimg, am mtmdation : tana aqnanun 
•aepa allarkniboa meraa, App. 2. 
aUmnal tamd : hm aUoVkiDtun at dr- 
CBaJnTionmn, C3c 

aim<»^ a, am, a4f. namit k ing (geaa* 
tallj poec epithet of Carea, Vaona, and 
other patioQ deitlea of the earth, of light, 
dqr, wfne, tic): baooci, lifo^mppoHimg 
or prodaeimOj genial, propUiout, etc : 
'HMz. PL : veooa, Locr.: Oerea,yirg. : 
met, id.: Tttea, Id.: FanaUtaa, Uor.: 
•■a, id. : [contr. of aUnraa, twm alo. 
tta the Or. fpb^uMr.l 

■laoi* i, /• M« «Ucr : alnoa ginti- 
■an, Gaart.: PHa. Poet.: amytkima 
of atatrwimd : time alnoa pn- 
favU aeoiera carataa, Vlrg. : 
alaa need for naria : nae iperat 
gnrgltit aloBm, Jot. (Benoe, 

Ue^ alftl, altmn, and aDtom, |. v. a. 
I* raar, marnish, tappart, maintain: 

Athanla natna altnaqne, PL : com Han- 
nibala aUto atqne educato inter amuij 
liv. : ant eqnoa alere ant oanea ad 
venandnm, let.', baec (anhnalia) alnnt 
animi Tolnptatiaqiie canaa, rtaar far tko 
•akt of exeitement andptoaoure, Gaea. : 
velnt anuda, imbraaqnem aaper notaa 
aluere ripaa, kav^moed above titeir 
banka, Bor. Wltj^pi. of the meana : 
rritqaam partem hiwBa ae eorom ooplla 
atnerunt, Caea. I|. Fig. : totneraue, 
promote^ dkeriA: n<moa alit artea, Cic. : 
dTitaa qnam Ipae semper aluiiiaet, 
wAow prooperiijf he >a^ fltwiyi pro- 
imotcd. Cms. 

il6<. «•» /.»«A<S«. the aloe: aloe 
perfoUata, Unn^. and probably other 
vpedee: Plin. Fig.: from ita bltter- 
neas: plus aloes quam mellia habet. 

UOga» T. alanaa. 

Alpas, Inm (somatimea In the sing. 
ASIm, iaX Alp, high mamntam, and In 
particnlar, the ki(^ wtountaim ^ Swit- 
terland, the Jlp$. In the sing. nnmb. : 
nee qnot apea Hyble, nee quot in Alpe 
ferae. Or. Aa a gen. name for a moon- 
tain, Mihr poet. : gemlnae Alpea, the 
Alpe ami Fgreaeee, SiL 

alpha* "• tiidec{.saX^ fke Or. 
name ^the Jlnt letter of the alpkatet : 
hoc diacnnt ante alpha at beta, Jnv. 
Hence nrov. tkefirtt: alpha paanala> 
tonun, Mart. 

alPbnUf •• iim (nrely Alplcos), 
oc^T^Alpes] pertaining to tk« Alp$ : 
nlrea, Ylrg. : Alplnl mnres, aiaraioto, 

alilua or alantt •• nm; a^. [algeo] 
chiUiff ooidf cool (rare) : aUia corpora, 
eold bodiet, Lucr. Alsua only in the 
Conw. neiUr. : Antio nihil quictius, 
nihil alstna, nihil amoenlna, CIc 

altar 0^ altirei iris, n. (v. altarla). 

lUtirla* Inn** **• fl^- Taltna : term. 
•are; tt. alveare, ooUarej (poat class. 
in the aiiw. : aXtare^ U^n,: altar, dri$, 
n. and altarium, n, n. Abl. altari, 
Petr.) : tkat vAiek «nu placed npon 
the altar fara) for the burning qf the 
viotim: ans altaria imponere, (joint. 
Hence poe t. : a high altar HmUt and 
ornamented with more q>lendour than 
the ara) : en qoatuor area : ecoe dnas 
tlML Daphni, duas, altarla Phocbo, two 
high altart to Phoebue, Yirz. Of a sfai- 
gle altar : a ci^ altaribua, C^ (Hence, 
Fr. amtel.) 

^tixllinit U, n, r. altaria. 

tlii, adv. on high, highly : video te 
alta speetare et in coelnm velle migrare, 
Clc. 2. Fig. : iogeninm altissime 
aasorgit, Plin. H. ^^^y* •nicna 
alUoa impresana, Cic. 8. Fig. : in> 
digonra Us qui altins peiapidebant, who 
took a deeper vt«w, Cte. 

altSTt t^f** tSrom, adj. (C>m. altS* 
rfua, and altSrlns in dactyl, verse: 
Dai. alterl, rarely altero : Uai. fern. 
alterse, Ter.. Nep.) one of (iro, ike 
other of two: neoesse est enim, sit 
alteram da duobm, Cic. : alter oonau- 
Inm, Uv. In the plur. : binas a te 

acoepi Uteraa : qnamm altaria mUii 
gratnlabare : alteris dicebaa, eto., Clc. 
And of more than two, of things re- 
garded aa forming two rlsssas or divi* 
dona: boa libros altaroa quiaqoa mltte- 
mns, Iheee other five, id. Alter ambow, 
one or both of two ; commonly In the 
abbreviation : a. a. a. s. v. a* altcr 


Itesa, A Hirtins conanlcs alter ambove 
a. B. V. rartonwn agri habeant^ id. 

II. Altar — alter, the one ... Ma 
oOker : alteram iUe amat aororem, ego 
alteram. PI. In the plnr. : alteil dl- 
micant, altari victorem timent, Clc. 

2. With a subst. or^prononn, in- 
stead of the second alter; Epandnondaa 
. . . Leonldaa : quorum alter, etc. . . , 
Leonidaa autem, Cfc. 8. Sometlmea 
one altar is omitted : duaa tnrmaa hao- 
sere : altera metu dedlta hoeti. pert!- 
nador ($c. altera) in repognando, Liv. 

4. The second alter ta a dUT. case, 
with an ellipais similar to that which 
occurs with altna: alter altarina ova 
firaugit, eod^ brtala the eggt of the 
other,Cic, 5.Withunua: onum inter 
noa aorderemus unoa alterl, PI. After 
two subs., the first alter geiterally refers 
to the flnt aobst., and the second to 
the second ; but the order is sometimes 
reversed. HI. -^ * numeral ^ se- 
cnndns, the teoond, the next : prtmo die, 
. . . alter dies, . . . tertiua diea. . . . dc- 
inde reliquis diebns, Clc : fortunate 
puer, tu nunc eris alter ab illo, thou 
sAoU now be next after Aiai, Virg. : 
alteria -menaLs (for menala secimdia), 
at the deeaert, Hor. So with tens, hun- 
dreds, He.: aocepi tuaa Uteiaa, quas 
mihi Gomifldus altero vicedmo die 
reddidit, on the twentjf'-eeeond dajf, CSc : 
anno treoentedmo altero, ouam condlta 
Roma erat, in the three Aimdrad and 
teeond year, Liv. : altero quoqae die, 
every other day, Cela.: <rfea non con> 
tlnuls annia, aed fere altero quoque 
fhictum affert, about every other year, 
CoL 2. Unus et alter, the one and 
the other. For two (aa in Or. eU koI 
trtpot): unus et alter diea intercesserat, 
Clc Of a small but indefinite number, 
one and another, one or two : aocessit 
amana unua et item alter, Ter. 3. 
Altemm tantum : as much more or 
opoan, twice ae much (cf. in Or. mpa 
rouurra) : altero tanto aut aesqui mi^or, 
Cic 4. To denote similaritv: a «<- 
oofMf, anotiber; Yerrea, alter Orcus, a 
seoond Orcns, id. : Hamllcar, Mars alter, 
JJv. So, alter idem : amtcua aat tan- 
anam alter idem, Cic Analogous to 
this is the em|rfiatic use of altar with 
a neg. or interrog. : soelesticrem in 
terra nuUam esse alteram, PL |y. 
either of two, for altemter : ac si !>«• 
cease est in alteram errare partem, am 
one tide or the other. Quint. V. As 
snbsL: aneig^kbom;a,^llowcreat%ire 
(& w^Aoc) : qui nihil altarina causa fadt 
et metitor snia coramodia omnia, Ok. 
In some cases it has the meaning of 
ano<Aer, but only when oppoaed to a 





word In tbe ting. : nil ob«tet tibi, dom 
ne sit to ditior alter, Hot. [From al 
or AU, tbe root of alius : -ter b allied 
to tbe comparative sufBx, and benoe 
occurs as the suffix of several words 
whidi denote one </ a pair, or one 
considered rilativeljf to another: cf. 
u4er, oeu-ter, al-ter-u-ter.] CUence, Fr. 
autre, autruL) 

altcrofttiOt ^^/' L^l vjramgling, 
a ditpute, debate: dies anoumptus est 
aUercatiooe, Cic 2. ^^- •' a thorp 
qceetioning, or ero$$-e3cami»aHon in a 
court t^ ftutice: nylla est enim alter- 
oitio damoribus tmqtiam babita m%)o- 
rlhus, Cic 

alteroOi vn (act fonn for alteroor), 
to wran^t^ qjuarrtl: eum patre alter> 

ftltereor, »tus. i. t». «fcp. [alter] to 
bicker f to dispute^ to toranple, quarreL^ 
etc.: LaUoius aUercari cum Vatinio 
iiicipit, Gaes. 2. to eroet-examine 
eharpiv or severely in a court <if jtu- 
tiee: Crassus in altereando invenit pa> 
rem neminem, Cic Hence poet., to 
contend, etruggle with : altercanto Ubi- 
dlnibns pavore, Hor. 

altaniiSf ▼• alteniiis,/n. 

altomOt Avif atum, I. V. a. [altemus] 
to do Jirtt one thing, then a secomi : 
altemare vices, Ov. : alternant qiesque 
tlmorane fldem, make it at one time 
credible, at another not, id. : birundines 
in feCQ summa aeqnltato alternant d- 
bum, feed thdr young in euocettion, 
Plin. II. Neutr. : to altemaU : alter- 
nantes proelia miscent, Virg. : arborum 
fertUilas omnlnm fere altemat, atter- 
natee, i. e. thejf bear ttery other fear, 

altonilltt •• vm; o4/> [alterl every 
ofAer (out of two, or a aeries of psfrs. e.y. 
«. If 5 ; or J, 4, 6), dUemate, one after 
the other: altemo tenebras et Inoem 
tempore gigni, Loer. : altemis trsbibus 
•c etixiM,with beams and ttonee aUer- 
naidy, Gaes. : altemo pede tcrmn qua- 
tiunt«^( wUh one foot, then with the 
other, Hor. : altemus metus, mutual or 
r tciprooal fear, Liv. : altomto pene 
verbis T. Manlli futum laudans, uith 
almott etery other (senmd) tuord, Liv. : 
alterais dioetfs, smant altema Ca- 
moenae, eoup^ete made hy two rivals 
oKemotefy, virg. : altemis aptum ser- 
tnonlbus, dialcgue, Hor. Of verses: 
alternately Bexam. and Pentam^ ele- 
giac: pedes al tomes esse oporteblt,Clc 
II. Legal 1. 1. altoma comllia or 
altomos judioes r«;Jioere, to denote the 
right of pUff. amd dfdt, alternately 
to ttrihe out the namtet of a certain 
number of juron, a* in Bngtish law, 
Cic IN. altorais (aU, plur. ec vM- 
bus), alternately, by turn* (not tn Cic), 
Lucr. : Liv. 

altSr-ttteft altorVtra more treq. 
than altera utra, altoratmn more fneq. 
tban altomm utrum (and so in caexb, 
oUiq. altoratrius, altoratrl, etc.), adj. 
one of two, the one or the other, either : 
utnaa te perfMtasnm am poevarlcato- 


rem eiistlmari mavis? video 

esse altoratrum, Cic: alteratrum ve* 

lox victoria fhniide oonmet. Hur. 

Qltfoino^Olt *• ^un* odj. [altos dnc> 
tnsj high-gtrt, L e. active, employed : 

altOil, A, a^' l^lo"] fattened, fat, 
Uuge: boves, Varr. AbsoL: altilia 
(sc. avlsl a fattened bird, eq>. of fowls : 
satur altilium, Hor. Also of planU: 
asparagi, Plin. Fig. for rich.abun' 
dant : doto altiU atque opima, PI. 

altlsfollSt *• u°** <>4/« [Altus sonnsi 
high-eounding, eounding from on high 
(rare and poet.) : cardo, Enn. : Jap- 

eter, ac N. Fig* : ^ofty, nUime : 
aro, Jnv. 

alntdnanii antls, adj. [altus tonans] 
thundering from on Mgk : Juppiter, 
Enn.: pater, Cic A. Me ton. of 
wind, loud-roaring: Vnitnmus, Lucr. 

altltudo aedium, Cic Fig. : elevation, 
loftineu : elatio atqoe altitudo ora- 
tionis, id. II. depth : spelunca inflnita 
altiludine, id.: altitndo flnminis. Caes. 
Fig. : depth cf taul, unfathomaUenem, 
secrecy (Gr. fioB^niK) : exercenda est 
fadlitas ot altitudo animi, impenetrable 
reserve, Cic 

altiydUuiBi antis, cu^. [altm volans] 
hi^Jiying, soaring: altivolans soUs 
rota. I^icr. 

altlTdlllS. •» ran, adj. [altas volo] 
flying high, soaring t aves,Plin. 

altOTi OriSt "^ [alo] a nourisher, 
JosUr-faXher : educiuor et altor, Cic. 

AltrixuteUBi adv. from the other 
side: perge; ^ assistam >sm bine 
altrinsecus, PI. 

altriz* Icis, /. [alo] a female nou- 
risher : eormn eadem terra parens, al- 
trlx, patria didtur, Cic: a wet num: 

altni* <^ ran* <*^- orig. Part, fhnn 
alo : seen tnm below upward*, high : 
altae sub arboris ramis, Lucr. : altior 
lUis ipsa Dea est, taUer, Ov. : altis de 
moQtibns, Virg. With gen. of tbe 
measure : alta novem pedum, CoL 
8. Fig : lufty, elevated, nobU : 
altissimus dUgnltatlB padus, Cic : Roma, 
Ov. Of. the voice : high, shriU : ood- 
clamato itorum altiure voce, Cat. S. 
Subft.: altum, i, n, a height: sic est 
hie ordo (senatorius) quasi propositus 
atque edltus in altum, €9c Esp. (se. 
coelum) the heavens : Mala genitum de- 
mislt ab alto, Virg. 1|. seen fh>m 
above downwards, deep, profound : 
altissimae radiees, Cic : altisdbna flu- 
mina, Gaes. : gnigito In alto, tn the deep 
surge, Virg. altum vulnus, id. Fig.: 
somno quibus est opus alto, Hor. : sopor, 
Virg. : silentla, Ov. 8. Subs t. : 

altum, 1, n. depth, the interior: ex 
alto dJMimulare, id. Hence, ex alto 
repetore, or petore. In dlaoourae, to 
bring from far, and tmrLfarfettJied : 
quid causae petis ex alto? Virg. : altlus 
omnem expediam prima repetone ab 
origine faroam, farther back, id. Still 
More fteq. (<c mare) the deep sea : 

terris Jactatos et alto, id. : ab ilia parto 
urbb navibos aditos ex alto est, Cic 
Fig. : imbedlUtas— in altum provdii- 
tor imprudens, id. |||. Poet.: an- 
cient, venerable : genus alto a sanguine 
Tenoi, Viig. (Hence, Fr. haut, traai 
old Fr. hauU: Germ, alt, i. ^ alto, 
ooantor tenor.) 

Uftdnor (better than all. or halt) 
atns, I. V. dep. rprob. ft-ooi «Avm, 
oAi^oww] : to wander in mind, to talk 
idly, dream, mistaJbe; quae Epicurus 
osdtans alodnatus est, Cic : eptsto^ae 
nostras debent Interdum aludnari, to 
be discursive, Cic. 

aUttllA, as, V. alumnus. 
XUnnuSt «• tnut a4j. [alo] fiou- 
rished, brouf^ ttp : for the most part 
subst : a nwriing, a foster-son, a dis- 
ciple : quid voveat dolci nutrloula mi^^ 
alumno ? Hor. : legionimi almnnos^ 
brought up among soldiers, Tac : Pla- 
tonis alumni, Cic Of tbe inhabltanta 
of a country : Italia alnmnnm suuin, 
summo suppUdo afflxum videret, id. 
And of cattle : Faune. abeas parvls 
aequns alumnis, Hor. Fig. : ego Itaqoe 
pads, at ita dicam, alumnus, Cic 8. 
alumna, fern, a foster-daughter : nostra 
haec alumna, PL Fig. : bene oonsti- 
tutae dvitatls quasi alumna quaedam, 
eloquentia, the foster-child of a weU- 
ordered stale, Cic 3. Ifeutr. : nnmea 
alumtfum, Ov. 

&111ta» •«, /. orig. adj. sc pellls, a 
kiwi of soft leather, dressed %eith altan: 
alutae tenuiter ooofectae, Oses. ||. 
Meton. : a shoe: nivea, Ov. Q a 
purse: tumida soperbus aluta, Jut. 
8. a patch for the face: Ov. 

, aly^n1lm, ii, n. (and alTeare, i«X 

[alveusj lit. a bdlytng vessel: hence, 
a bee-Atne; sea kento ftierint alvearla 
vlmine texta, Virg. Also, a bee-houset 
circum villam totam alvearlum faoere. 

alyHUlDi I| M. dim, [alveusl a 
UMe trough: Uv. 2. a gamUng- 
board : alveolum poscere, Cic 8. <> 
swuM dUmncl of a river. Curt. 

alyfuSi U ■». (alveum, «. In Feat) 
[alvusj a hollow, an excavation, a 
cavity : vitioaae llids alveo, Virg. 
Hence, a hollow vessel, a tub. ur tray t 
flultans alveus, Liv. ||. the hold or 
huU qf a ship : alveos navium, SalL 
Hence, a smdU ship, a boat: acdpit 
alveo Aeneam, Virg. |||. a gaming* 
board: alveus cum tesseris lusorlos, 
Plin. IV. asalvus and alvearlum. a 
beehive: ams alveo se continent, ran.- 
V. a hathing4ub: Cic. Yl. a 
river-bed : fluminis alveo, Virg. : plenoa 
a4)it alveus amiiea, Ov. (Hence, Fr. 
auge, prop, a^xms.) 

alyni. i, /• (andenUy m.) the beUy, 
the paunch: puigatio alvi, Ctc Me- 
ton.: excrement, ordtire: varia, Cels. 
2. the wonUt : cum praegnans Dio> 
n7siumalvooontineret,Cic 8*Oen.: 
the stomachy the ^Ugestive enrgans, (He 
II. a 5ee-A>«e ; media alvo, qua tn- 
troeant apes, Varr. 




asif V. amU. 

iaiHUSt ** ^' [*™^1 de$errring 
tf Imie, iMcljr, awMdbU: fUlolam toam 
ec ones ec amablkm eue oerto sdo, 
Cfe. : oDAbUe ovmeo, a pleataiU mmg, 

imibintMt itK /• C«D«bills3 ami^ 
tUenea, lovdimett: a amabUlUs Dottra 


iaftUater. o4t>. [amahlllil too. 
imgly, amkablp : ipectet unal>inaa jo- 
venon, <>▼. : Inalt aoiablliier, pUor 
wifry, H«>r. 

iaumifttitof ^tnia, /. ^amando] a 

t-IHOT^IlS »▼!* Atnm, I. V. a. Co 
ncQjf, to remooe: an amandarmt 
:? CIc 

_itk. Part, [^amol with 

/mmI^ Unrima^ afecttcnaU: and 
avbsC a frioM, patron: veterero 
■■icim aoim atodioraiL amantcm, 
Uafci f aa tom fol, Cic And Fig. : 
uooen asMUtiaa iodalgeDttuaqoe, id. 
H. a t««0r, stceetheart: amaotiuin 
in* amoiis IntegraUo eat^ Ter. 

iBUUitWt oop.faniana] fa»m'ny(y» <{f- 
/tetimaUljf t Oc OM«f». Toe JSup. 

lailnftMltif » ^ *^ C*b manna] a 
drri^ aoeraCary, a mann lennia, 8oet. 
iiniTidim»» •. um, 04^'. runaracua] 
oleum, Plin. : 

wf mmjaram: am. olemn, Plin. : alao 
abaoL, •mAnoiaiixiii !,».«?. mi- 
ptntmnTma^onm ointwtent, Locr. 

MW ; dalda. Gat. 

imizltttdo, Inl«,/. [Id-TWitemew : 
«f iavoor opp. to duloecfo, varr. ||. 
Fig.: 6ilfaiiMtt, severity, aeW«vmiota> 
mm; ne in bUem et amftritndinem 
rmtMi if^Jmia, Plin. : amaritodo voda, 
kanktte$$ of toioe, Qnint. (Hence, Ft. 

Ksiirort Ma. m. [id.] MM«meM 
(pocu. and nrm\ Lucr. : Viig. 

iaiiniSf t^ ™d, a<i^. b»(l«r r of flavour 
opii. to dmleu: aensua jwUcai duloe, 
ananoB, CIc : Doria amara, for the mo, 
Vlrg. 9, If aton. of otlier aenaes: 
aositna amaroa, hank^ Stat. : fructua 
anaraa odore, o^mn'tr, Plin. ||, 
Vl%.: diaagrmMt^ ioA, cdlamitou* : 
aaona dukea ant am., Vlrg. Of 
•seacfa: UHmft aoHwtoniout, §areastic : 
wU amark. Or. Of cooduct : moroae, 
Uliiatwnad^ irrOaUe : moliem, Ter. : 
iaiai liar III me aeoectua fadt, Cic. 
8ubat. plu, biUtmett, biUer tkinas: 
H amara tento teropCTat rian, Hot. 
[Frab. oooneeted with Ueb. maniA, 
^ bitter.n (Henoe. Fr. oMcr.) 

UbAOO, 9oh, /. Tamo] a wvUcing 
i0&t,anamioitr,anintriffue: PI. 

ialtor* Ort** *^ C^O ^ lorer, a 

frimds yir boooa amatorque noster, a 

fritmd of MWM, CIc. : amatorea Catonl 

desont, i.e. rtoAen of ki» wriiinm, id. 

t. a ff^toHt, parmumr : molierain, 


teitonriUitf t If "^* ^^'*** ^ uttUf 

ftm&tSrlit ^''' awurouHff, PI. : Cic 

t^&tfirluSi a,nra,a<^\[amo1Iov<n^, 
aimonnu : Ihii Toluptate amatona, Cic 

imfttliZf icia. /. [id.] a iwoeikoart, 
a nuMtreu : Sappho amatriz. Mart. 

amb* V. ambC 

ambaetnif 1» «^ (a GalUo wocd) a 
toaaoZ, a derpendenC upon a lord : plo- 
xlmos amlMctoe habent, Caea. 

tmb-ftd-BdOi 3' V. a. to eat or gnaw 
around^ to eol up entirety: PL 

ambiSM* la* /' (found only in the 
aUTttfw.; but the plur. ia complete, 
yen. ambagum) [amb or ambi and agoj 
a going anmnd, a roundabout «coy, a 
tnnding : varlarum amboge viarum (of 
the labyrinth), Ov.: duloe tectl am- 
bageaqne reaomt. Virg. ||. Fig. : of 
apelDCh : a turning, shifting or thnf- 
Jling; roundabout rambling $tarie$, 
mtioblei: amiMigea mihi narrare oocipit, 
Ter. : ne te longia ambagibiia morer, to 
cut the matter tkortt Hor. 2. 0^ 
icuritjf, ambiguity : imniMnor ambaignm 
(of the S^Inx), Ov. Of oraclea: ea 
amlMge Chaloedonii monatnbantor, 

ambMOt ^1 Csnm, J. v.a, to eat 
or gnotw around, to waste, eomntme 
(very rare) : robora ambesa flammia, 
vlrg. rCompounded of amb and a 
verb beob, like am-dttro: bcdo is con- 
nected with Genu. beit$en, Engl, bite,} 

Ulbdlllf ▼• ambedo. 

ambSfQlt Port, (ambedo). 

ambi. abbrev. amb. am. an, <mmp. 

prep, around, n>iifid about : before 
vowela gen. amb : ambagea : before con- 
aonanta, ambi : ambivium : am : am- 
liuro : and an : anqnlro. 

amb-IffO. (•«> Pfrf.) J. V. n. [ago] 
to tronder oteut, yo orotNid : amblgens 
patriam et decUnana, Tac. Fig.: 
to hesitate, to be in doubt, sttspense, 
etc (in thia aenae, in CIc alwaya impen. 
or pass.y. quale quid ait ambigltnr, 
Cic: cuirei primum ooourreret, ambi- 
gebat, Juat. ||. to argue, dispute, 
wrangle, etc : ut inter eoa, qui ambi- 
gunt, oonveniat quid sit M, de quo 
agatur. Cic 

amblgtli. o^**' ambiguously, doubt- 
fully: amb. dicere, Cic 8, undeci- 
dedly: amb. pugnare, Tac 

amblsUteft itiai/.ramblgnua] am- 
biguity, equivocalness, double meaning: 
amhiguitaa nominia, Cic 

amblgtLvSt a. um, 04^'. [ambigo] 
$h\fting from one side to another, 
changtMe: per ambiguum favorem 
gratiam victoria spectare. by showing 
equal friendliness to boik sides, liv. : 
ambiguna Proteua, of varyinaform, Ov. 
II. uncertain, doubtful : agnovit 
prolem amUgnam gemliioaqne parentea, 
Vlrg. : hand ambiguia rex, i. e. sure of 
becoming king, Liv. Subs.: ambiguum, 
i, n. doubt, uncertainty : in ambiguo 
est, PI. III. Of apeech : obscure, dark, 
ambiguous: acriptum arabigunm, Cic 
Suba.: ambiguum, i, n. an obieure, 
dark saying : amMguorum oomplura 
ffout genera, id. |V. Of coodnct : 

vacitUiting, waverina, untrustworthy: 
ease ambigua fide, Liv. : domum timet 
ambiguam Tyrioaque bilinguee, Virg. 
And of fortune: changing, fickfe : am- 
biguarum reruro adena, Tac In Tar. 
with Oen, : pndoria ac metua, waoerii.g 

amb-lo. M and ii, Itum,'4. v. n. sni 
a. ^regularly cof\Jugated througbout. 
part. pert, ambitus : but Past Imperf. 
ambibat la found as well as ambiebat) 
to go around or about : ambibat Siculao 
cautua fUndamina terrae, Ov. ||. to 
surround, encompass : insula quam 
anuds Euphmtea ambiebat, Veil.: clip?! 
oras ambiit auro, Virg. |||. Of can- 
didatea for olBce : to go about canvau- 
ing, to sciicH, etc. : virtute ambire 
oportet, non fautoribus, PI. With Ace. 
01 the offloe: magistratum sibl, id. 
IV. In gen* : to ask, entreai, so- 
licit : ref^inam ambire afKitu, v irg. 
With nt^. : ambienti, ut legibus sol- 
veretur, Suet. With Inf.: donee ultro 
amUretur oonsuUtum acdpere, Tac. 

ambltfo. On^» /• [ambio] a goiatg 
roundf hence the going about of aintii- 
dales for office wi Rome ; a canvassivfj 
(by lawftil means, whilst ambitus Ini- 
plica unlawful means) : quid de noatris 
ambitionibus loqnar ? Cic : cretata am- 
bitio (fhnn a candidate wearing a wbitc 
dreaa). P^re* If. in gen. : a striving 
for fawur or good-wOX, a courting, flat- 
tery: ambltione labi, Cic: Dionysios 
Platonem magna ambitione Synicusajt 
perdnxlt, by great importunity, Nep. : 
ambitione relegata, toithtnU flattery, 
Hor. Hence also partiality : Jus sibi 
per ambitionem dictum non ease, Liv. 
III. a seeking after rank, fame, 
etc, ambition, vanity: me ambidu 

SuMdam ad honorum studium duxit, 
1c : a quo inoepto studioque mo am- 
bitio mala detiuuemt. Sail. : fnnerum 
nulla ambitio, no ostentatious pomp, 
Tac lY. ifTwrf exertion or effort : 

Suum adnutti magna ambitione a^re 
btinuiaMt, Just. 

ambltlMf o^- ^"^i^ ^ wiA to 
please: nee amb. conlg e re oratlonem, 
Cic ||. afnl>tttotaly, oitentottoiaty: 
amUtioeius (seen, id. 

amMtltelU, a, mn, (vtf. [ambitio] 
going around, encompassing, embracing, 
twining around (in Its lit. sense, rare, 
and moatly poet.): lasdvis bederi^ 
ambitioaior, Hor. : ambltlosa reddet 
omamenta, eaMKS«i«e, superfluous. Id. 

J. going cUfout in order to canvass 
icit, courting, ambitious; and, in 
a bad sense, obsequious, vain-glorious, 
etc: qui Ita sit arobitiosus, ut omnrx 
voe noaque qnotidle persalutet, Cic. : 
ne forte me in Oraecoa tarn amUtloaum 
factum esse mirere, denroiu of the 
•favour of the Greeks, id. : malts artibus 
ambitioaos, seeking to ingratu^ one- 
self, Tac Also of things : ambltioaae 
et fucoeae amidtiae,/oMnded merely o» 
a desire to please, interested, Cic : pre- 
cea, urgent, Tac : amb. mors, ostmta- 
tious, vaim-giorieus. Id. |||. Pnsa., 





Muolk «o^< <|ft«r, /ond cf UOmg ad- 
Mirtd: tnrb* ooelwtet amUtioM sa- 
mna, Or.: doU qaldem ted ooa anbl* 
tloM domas, vitiUd^/requattmi^ Id. 

ambltat, •. um. Part. l»mhU>}. 

Ulutaii ^ *^ ramraoj a going 
arouiuL a mowng rohmd or oltotU, a 
molu^um; cnin w octo ambttui ad 
Idem caput retalerint, CIc ||. Rh«* 
tor. (. t. : a period: perfeettu et oom- 
pletna ambitua, Id.: alao peripkrasit, 
circuwUoetUiim — amhagea ; maltosdroa 
unam rem ambitoa tacen^ liv. |||. 
MjBton. : a circuity drcU, circum- 
fermtce, edge* ambitus parmae, PUn. 
ly the nao$ Irft round a hotue : 
Scaerola id lolum ease amUtum aadium 
dixit, quod parietia communJa tegeudi 
cauaa tectum prqjioeret)^, CIc V« 
««fUa«r/iti eanvoising/or cm o^lee, eep. 
by brlbaiy : legem amUtua flMtitaati, 
Cio. (On the laws agalnat amMno, v. 
Smith's Ant. iB $eqS Vl ottmiO' 
Hon, vanity f parade: rellnque amU- 
tum : tumida rea est, rana. veotoaa : 
Sen. Of q>each: bofnbast, vtrbfia^: 
amUtu rervun. Quint. 

ambOf bae, bO and bS, num. (dat. 
and oSL pi. ambobua, ambabus : oee. 
vl. ambo and amboa; ambo waa the old 
form, lilce Qr. itt4m ; Cic never uaas 
amboa: ambo for ambae, Pt) both (A. e. 
twotogUher; wbilat uteique meana boU 
conHaered aeponUety, or at imdivi- 
duaU): ambo acousandj cstia, Ter.: 
una sfilua ambobua erit, Vira. 

amlffMUu m, /.asattfipoeiat tke 

food qf the godt : non eoim ambroala 

Deoa aut nectare laetari arbitror, Cio. 

2, the unguent qf the godt : liqui- 

dum ambrosiae dUnindtt odurem, Vli^s. 

ambr5dnft a> nm» a<y a g<ij iff p<t<rMK, 
I'mmortaf, ditint: hence an epithet 
for everything VowAjftjoUatantt etc 
(mostly poeU): comae, Vlrg. 

ambobl^ m (usu. hi the plw., 
ambubiO*^, ammX/.a SfHan mutidan 
and cowrtetan : ambubiOtfum collegia, 
HorJ [Frcnn Syr. onMba or onMbajfO, 
tibia, flstulaO 

ambftliUO. Cnis, /. [ambub] a 
walking about, a %ratk : ambulatlonem 
postmerldlanam oonflcere, Cic 

II. Melon. : a place for waXking^ 
a oromenade : nihil el reetabat praeter 
balnearia et ambulationem, id. 

ambftl&tlimoiUAf ae^m./. (rare) 
a tkort tool*; dc ||. Meton.: a 
tvtall place fer waXki$^ : tecUt ambu* 
latiuncuta, id. 

Ambftl&tOTf Man m. jTambulo] one 
vko vxSJa Mout^ an idUrt Umnger: 
TllUcus ne sit ambulator, C^to. |L 
a pedlar^ a co^erwumger : tranadberi- 
nus, Mart. 

•inbftUltMtllt «, vm, a<tf. [id.] 
(rareX motvoMe: turraa ambotttonae, 

ambtUOf A^if stum, t, v. n, to oo 
about, to go hadcwardt and forwardt, 
to uaJk : aves ambulant aliquaa ut cor* 
nicea,Ptin.:henoe,to(aJ(ieair«Ulc; visus 
sum mihi cum Oalba ambolare, CSc 

Bene ambula, a fbnn of bidding fu« well : 
beoB ambula et redambula, PL Am« 
bolare in Jus, to go to law, id. U. 
to travelf make a wjfoge. etc ; bidno, 
ant tridoo septingenta millia passuum 
ambulare, Cic 2. Of inanimate 
thix^: amnis, qua navea ambulant, 
OOo. Fig. : quod deinde cumt trana> 
latum per omnts leges ambulavlt, per- 
muied, went (Arou^, PUn. 8. '^- * 
with the ace of nidi words aa iter, 
aiorc, etc, to natiigate, traverte, etc : 
quum Xerxes tantls daasibtta, tantisqne 
oopUs, HeUesponto Jnncto, Athoos per- 
fbsso, maria ambniaTiMet, terramque 
navigasset, Cic (Trob. formed direoly 
tram the prep, onw— lilce miItd, extra.} 

ombttrOt us8i,ustum, |.*.a. tobMm 
around, to teorck ; but aiao, with an ex* 
tension of the idea, to bum wkolht up, 
tooontume (gen.injNirl.jMi/.): Hadri* 
anua vivua exustus est : Verres socio- 
rum ambustua inoeodio, taoien ex ilia 
flamma periculoque evaalt« CSc: am- 
busta nuoila fumant, Or. Hence am> 
buatum, i, fi. Medic, t.t.: a bum : iii> 
flammatio reoentia ambusti, PUn. Me- 
ton. : 'to nip or wither with eold : am> 
bnsti multorum artua vi frlgwia, Tac 
II. Fig.: ambustas fortunamm 
mearum rellquiaa, Cic rFrom am and 
buro! cf. ooM'^iiro and 0««<«fM; with 
Or.- vv^ and Eng. bum. Gem. bren- 

ambnitOf} Port, [amburo]. 

amaUuft i, m. the purple ItaXian 
ttar'wort : Aster amellus, IJnn. : Yirg. 

ft-mani. •ntia, a4i, out of emit 
tentet, mad, tentdeu, frantic: in* 
oeptlo est amentinm, band amantium, 
Ter. : homo amentissimua atque in 
omnibus omailiis prseoeps, CIc With 
gen. or abl. : aspeotn amens, Vtrg. : 
amena animi, id. More rarely /oolul^ 
ttupid : homo a u d ad sa i mus atque amen> 
tisstmus, Cic Of things: amentissl- 
mum oonriUum, id. [ais the prep, ob; 

imantitlUt *• ^"P, Port. J[amenU>]. 

imimtTa, •*, /• famcnsjuwue qf 
reaton, madneu, ttupiditjf : tvaan 
atque amentia impulsus, Cem. 

ftmtntOi Avi, atum, i.v. a. [amen* 
tnm] iofumith with a ttrap or thong : 
haatae veUtibus amentatae traduntur, 
dc Fig. of disoourM: amentatae 
hastae, readg ma d e airgttmentt, id. 
H. Poeu: to huH or dart the 

■vehn by means of this thong : quum 
um parva libys amentAvlt hahena, 

Axnontnill* l« «•< o strop or thong 
attaSed to a spesr, and used tar thraw- 
Ing the missile (Smith's Ant. 200): 
epiitola ad amentum deUgata, Oaea. 
U. a thoe-tie ; soleae sine amento, 
PUn. [Root probably ap, aa -men tum 
is a teiminatiiMi : cf. ap4ut.] 

I^eft Itis,prob.m. a Do(« for spread* 
Ing hind'oeta : ant amite lev! rara tandit 
retia, Hor. 

amfriotDt* V. anf^. 

Imleftf •^ /. [•»»*«>•] • femaie 

friend: amicae, oognMaa, Ter. ||.« 
mittrem, eoncuMne: alva laU uxor «ra 

imloS, <u'i'« ^ a f t fcwJIf mtammtr, 
kindly, amieablj/: titka at taoevoto 
Cacere, Cic 

jknMUi* ieuLor ixi, krtom, 4. v. a. 
(fuTernkSbar, PL) ts throw around, 
to wrap about (property of upper gv- 
mentsl orvam. to veil or throw ar omn d 
onete^: HJ^^ss gloriatua est palUam, 
quo amiotiis easet, ae sua maou coofiB- 
asse,Clc Poet.: nube humeros sbId- 
tna, Hor. |L Fig. : to veO, cover, 
wrap up: amidtur vltlbua arbor. Or. 
or amb aad ^ocja t the j' haa been 

!tia« M./- (>M. ting, amldtial, 
.) |[arolcusj mmiahip : ast antem 
amldtla nihU alnid, nU oouhim dlvt* 
narum humanarumque rtnoD cuts bo> 
nevolentia et carltate summaoonsMiafow 
Cic Fig. : of plants: rutae cum floo, 
PUn. U Of a leagve or alttance be- 
tween naHtms: UbJL qui amWriam firca- 
rant, Caea. I||. Me ton. « arnicas: 
quin et parte cousdem epist<ria0 locre- 
puit amidtlaa muUebres,Tac 

ftmldtXeiii el,/.namidtia: amki- 
tiero Jnngere, Lucr. 

ftniotllSt *» vm. Part, [amlck)]. 
ftaiotuif Ha. M. [unksk)] prop. 


npper or outer garment, alao amy 
wwnt: statuam ease ^fuadem, statin^ 
amicto^ anulna, imam Ipaa dsdarat, 
Oc n,awuideqfebrett,drett,elothi' 
ing: mthi smictui est Scythkom teg- 
men, my ehthingit. Id. |H. Fig.: 
nebulae amictua,ylii. 

l«iT<rftlaj ae. /. dim, of smlca, • 
wUttrett: de amicula rbcatna, Cic 

imldilimf If **• [arnldo] a manOe, 
doak: agreste duplex amicninm, "Sep, 

Sot a dbolnutive, hut derived imme* 
ktely tram the Tert»: aa cunieuhun* 
fisraulum, gubemacttlum, etc."] 

imleiUllg, I, m. dhn. ramkasl a 
UmTfiiend, a dear friend: quid de 
Dodmoamkalomeo? C\c. 

iadinu (old fbim ambcvb), a, mn. 
iub*. [«m^ friendly, kind, fond ef, 
with Da^. : uilmo ease amioo erga aU- 
Quem, Ter. : trlbanl aunt nobia amM, 
<3c Amknm eat mihi, it nleoset ms.* 
nee Db amkum est nee mfiu, Hor. 

ImTjnifi 1, in. C^] {Gem, plur. ami* 
cftm, Ter.) afriind: ex oouilbas sa*' 
cuUa vix tria ant quataor nomtnaatur 
paria amioormn, do. Alao fbr patro* 
nus, patron, p r ote ctor : amMns pioiens, 
Hor. And for sodas, eomimanion, eoai- 
rode ; trniidD ftagaa exprobravit amioo, 
Ov. 2. In and after the Aug. per., 
a eouHiar, or Minister ^ a wrinee: 
fberunt multl rnna ex amIdB AloxaodH 
Mi^nl. Nep. (Henoc Fr. omL) 

ijniatHo* Ooi*> /J.amltto3 a loeing, 
aloft: oppldomm,Clc 

IflliMIISf A* vm. Part, [amitto^* 

imlMUlf Us. »., for the aotv t 
amlssio. oioct: StclUae. Nen. 

iBlItk, at, f. a faOuTt titter^ a 
paternal aumt (the motbrr's atotar to 




aDed BMUrtsim) : Gfe. : lAv. (Heoct 
¥r, tOHU, Old Fr. aiile. Eo«. mmt.) 

intttOi U« lunm, |. V. a. (anrisU 
ijiicsandg|ftti,T«r.: andMis. srac^s 
MDlncto. Plut.) Utlei go^Ut Aip. to 
dkflnte (freq. in Plant.) : Btaltt fed, 
^ haae (mttud) onSn, PL : vto me 
dooan? nane amlttara? Ter. 
da maaflraa amiaaa, %na< Ut 
Oc Fig.: tiM iMQC amlttam 
nam, mkiC, pardLom^ PL : aer- 
▼ha tanumrl ei hod amittare tempot, 
Ck.: fldm aniluera, to frneaJk vn^$ 
Mrd, N^. H. to loae (sometimea 
<K». to ptfdere, to toaa by oim'« cnon 
fuU; bat the two wovda ara oftoi 
CDofaoDdad): stmol oonailiam com re 
amlitl t Tar. : clanena amUaio at par- 
diiae, dc: igooadnla amiaaamm n*> 
Tfooi, Gaaa. : opiMmn Cwpaam atmag- 
aan paooniam ambnat, 8alL 

a m wiiy nir and aBUiiittOt ^« •dmlrot, 

and ftsmuniitris* ▼• 


umloSlA, M, eoa». raamia oolo] 
dMeUiMorpnNMnp6yani«r; Or. 

muefllns* U ** <<<**•> Camnia] a 
rtekf. breaJMi^- 

aaslJt <■» «»• (aadently /nn.; JM, 
MBa»^ BooMtfaDaa amnl; aap. in the 
poats) : a ttrtam ^ watery a river, a 
tmremtj qoodqna ano Tagoa amne 
vddt, ftoit ignibaa aonim, <fi tto CMrroif. 
Or. : proAnua amida aat rix ant nnUo 
Bodo,o(irnnDpitnr,Glc: ntnnt de nxni- 
tflMiaaiBaaa, Virg.: aeeaiKk>ainnl,doion 
tk€ atresai, id. : adveno anme, up the 
Mrtam,Can, Alao In oontradiattDctton 
ta tin aea: cum pontna et anmea cnncti 
taiTleaB ootBmaant, Sen. On tkacootr. 
of tba aeeoM, Ulce the Or. 'OKtae^ «o- 
rmpM: ooeani amnla, (Ac oeaan-itreom, 
Vb|. Poet. : Of the cooftellatioo 
Eridaona : Erldannm oernaa ftmeatom 
Ktagidi com rirtbua amnem, Oc U. 
Mr too.: omytkimg flowing, {(guM: 

art, atom. i. v. a. (amaaaoa: 
. nanC) to fOK, to lUm a iMNm, 
^tart^ igtciiimt ridMa otmle amare 
(en) Inter ae, PL: n**!^ te, qoam 
ocolea mmo amo meos, Tn". : amare 
aUqaoB ex anlmo, Cic. Amare and 
dUjgere are often oaatraated, the former 
dnwtiog a atronger feeling: eum a 
Be BOO diUgi adum, verum etiam 
Mart, U. Tba phraae amare et dill- 
serty to toae OMd <«toeR», ia often faond: 
•no DoUlif qui a snia amari et diligt 
^Uct, U. g. Of fexnal lore : maum 
patnm romor cat annre, Ter. 8. 
CmI Id oattut or atrong aaaererations : 
Ita (dc) me dU (baoe) ament or ama- 
iMot, » http MM (Jod, Moct aumtdljf: 
tta me dtt amabont. Plant, and Ter. 
AkoelUpt.: it* me Jnpplter I ae. amet 
•riiDAMt,PL n. Of thing* : to ItJb«. 
(<> (« ftmd of, to fl»d pIctuKre in : 
■"oeo, oratiaoem, Tiiltnm, Inceaaum 
aHn^ amare, C^: non omnea eadem 
abutar amantqae, Hor. And «lth 
'V- to olffact : lite amea did pater 


Id. m. Amare ali- 

qnem da or in aliqna re, quod, eto., to be 
obUgtd to one for sometkimg, to be 
tkamkful: do raodaacalo mnltnm te 
aiw>,Glc : et in AttiUi negotio te amavi, 
id. AbsoL: bene fad8:meritotoamo, 
Tar. Hence in intreatiM, amabo or 
amabo to (neTn* voa), lit. / shall be 
muck obHj^tfd, may often be translated 
bjt be jomod, / Dray, etc : amabo te, 
adrola. (ac. Wltti «! or lie : amatw at 
illuc tranaeaa, Ter.« amabo ta, ne im- 
moUtati meae aaslgnea, CIc. |V. 
mth i${f. : to be wmt or ao eu tt ome d : 
damwe, Tnlto, aaepe impeta, atqne 
alila omnibos, quae tea fieri amat, Sail. 
(Henoe Fr. aimer.) 

ftmoenit odv. ptecuanay, tweeily: 

imoenltMf Ktla, f. [amoenoal eleo- 
atmlneaf, ddtgk^Mnesi, a deUgkt, a 
vteasure: nunc oonmu aoppeditat nUhi 
bortorom amoenitatem. Cfc. 2. M 
a tenn of endearment in Plant. : oxor 
maa, mea ameenitaa, qold tu a|^? 

imOMllllt *» ion, ad^. pleatantf de- 
li^itftd^ ekamUwf (moatljr of aeiwlble 
ol^U) : locna, Clo. : loca amoena, vo- 
Inptaria, Sail. : ma, Hor. : aquae, aurae, 
id. In Tao. amoena, Orum, n, plu. 
pUaaant plaoes : per amoena A^e 
atque Adiaiae. 8. Of abatract things : 
vito, Tac. S. Of dreaa : Moioy : cultua 
amoenior, Ut. [Moat prob. am-cemi*, 
from amo."] 

ft-]llfiIIor» Itii% 4. V. dep. to remove 
(with effort or dmkulty) : amoUri 
omni^ PL 2, to $end awap, to get 
rid of: donee uxomn amoliretur, Tac. 
8. With a reflective pronoun > to 
take oneself of, begone : hino voa aroo- 
limbU, Ter. ||. Fig. : to avert: in 
rhetor., to rrfute, repd: invidiam crl- 
menque ab aUqno, Tac: amollor et 
amoveo nomen meum, / pan oeer, lay 
no itreu on, lAr. 

^mSUtnff fart. [amoUor]. 

fanftmum or ^nii U n.^iftmitor, 

on aromatic $hrub,/rom which the ito- 
mant prepared a cottly fragrmnt bal- 
tarn: AMyrium rulgo naacetnr amo- 
mnm, Virg. 

iinor (old fonn amoa, Ilka bonoa, 
laboa, coloa, cfc, PI.) Gria, m. [amo], 
tone; (of natural affection among Una- 
men, etc ; of aexual paaaion ; and of a 
high degree of fHendahip). With in, 
ergo, or Gen. of the ol^t : ab hii ini- 
tib noater in te amor proftetua, Cic. : 
ai quid in te reeidet arouria erga me. 
Id. : ne sit ancillae Ubi amor pudorl, 
Hor. In the plnr. : amorea homlnum 
in te, Cic Alao Meton., the loved 
object iUelf: Pompelus noetrl amorea, 
kL Penonlfled : Amor, the god qf tot-e, 
lAfve, Cupid,*Efmt : VIrg. Alao in the 
plur., Cupids, Lores : corpora nudorum 
Amorum, Ov. ||. Q e n. : a passionate 
longing, an eager desire : conaulatua 
amor, Cic : with gerund ; habendi. Or. 
Poe L. with Inf. : ai tantna amor caaua 
cognoaoere noatroa, Virg. 

linof, T. amor. 

ianOtfOt 9nto) /• Camoreola rtmov' 
inq, removal (rare) : doIorla,'Cic 

ImAtllif •» ooi. Part, [amoveo]. 

&-lliO¥lo» mGvi, mOtom, a. v. a. to 
MOM OMoy, put or taAe away, to re- 
move : me exinde amovit loco. PI. : 
iUum ex latla locia amove, Cic With a 
reflective pronoun: to retire, withdraw: 
te bine amove. Ter.: ecoetu ae amovit 
sent, Liv. Fig. : to lay atide, to cast 
off: libidinem, odium, copiditetea om- 
nes amovere, Cic ||. to take away 
by stealth: enfbem.tor/^trttri,/urtum 
/aeere : bovea per dolun) amotaa, Hor. 
III. to banish : amtftus Cerdnam 
quatuordedm annia exsiUum toleravit, 

amphlb511af «e, /. = ift^fiokia .- 

in rlMtor., amoiguity, dotMo'mettning, 
amphXthtttmrn. i. n-sBi^^t^^ 

roov: lit., a double theatre (the an* 
dent theatraa being usually of a form 
approaching that ot a aemidrcle) an 
emphithoatre, a cireular or oval build' 
MMT for public spectacles : PUn. ; tac. 
(For an aoooont of the Roman amphi- 
theatres, «. Smith's Ant. u.) 

UiphiSni "^ (got. jpl. aa a meaaure, 
uaually amraiorikml /. s= ift^o^tv^, a 
vessel, usually wtaae of day, with ttco 
handles or ears ; for t^ulda. esp. wine, 
a flagon^ pitcher, jar, etc (v. Smith's 
Ant. i|) : amphora ooepit Institul, Hor. 
Meton. : for the wine contained tliere- 
In: id. For oil: amphorae oleariae. 
Gate : for honev : aut preaaa puris mella 
ooncHt ampboria, Hor. |l, a nteasurt 
/or limtids, also called quadranul s 4B 
sextani, or rather more 'than 5I tanp. 
gallona: in atngnlaa vini ami4x>rad, 
etc II. a meosMre </ a ship : aa %te 
speak of a ship of so many tons bar> 
den : navem, quae plus ouam trecen- 
tarum amfdioranun easet, LIv. 

UCtplfii <*^^' abundantly, richly, 
splencUdly: exomare ample magnin- 
ceque triclinium, Cic: elate et ample 
loqui, subUmdy, kL 

aXB-pleotor} exu^ |. v.dep. (act. 
form amplMtO : amplecUtote crura 
fbsUbus, PL In paas.: M.) Lit, to 
teind or twine around^ to eneompau, 
encircle : of living beings : to embraoe : 
amplectimtir tibi genua, PL: serpens 
arboria amplectens stirpem, coutny 
round, Lucr. : manlbus saxa. to grasp, 
L4v. : quindedm miUla paaauum cv- 
cuitu amplexua, hoc nwUo pabulabatur, 
Caea. : ille me ampfexus atque oscu- 
lana flere prt^bebat, Cic ||. Fig., 
to embrace or gratp with the mind, to 
understand, eomprthend : quae ai Judex 
ncm amplectetur omnia condlto, non 
aninao ac mente drcumspidet, id. In 
discourse, to ducMSt, to handle, to com 
prise: omnea rea per acrlpturam am- 
plecti, id. Also, to comprehend under 
a term: quod idem interdxmi virtutis 
nomine amplectimur, id. 2. to em^ 
brace in our affection, to love, cherish, 
esteem: me anudsaime qiiotidle magia 
Oaeaar amplectitur, kL : boo se am- 





ElecUtur nno, vaiuet, ttteenu him»e{f, 

amplaxor, &tus, i. v.freq,dep, (the 
act. fonn asiplexOt analogoiu to am- 
plecto, in FUut., Attina, Ludl^ and 
Wtr.) [omplector^ toencut:l<,emnnace: 
Oram amplexantes. PL : inimicum meum 
nmplexabantur, Gic ||. F 1 g. : to 
love, etUem: Apploa totum me am- 
plexator, id. 

amplexnsi *. wOt ^art. [am- 

amPiezni. ^> •». [Mnplectorl an 
encircitfiy, ambracing, turrouiuRitg : 
omplexu terrarum, Lucr.: puercircum- 
))li^tu8 serpentis amplexu, Cic. : cum 
(Ubi t amplexua atque oacula dulda flget, 

ampU&tiLOt Onis,/. [ampUo]. Lepal 
1. 1. an ck^'ottmment of the heanng 
of a COM to another day: the Judex 
unnounoed this adjouroment by the 
word *• ampliua." The " ampliatio" waa 
ao a^Joununent to anj day which the 
Judex might please: cL comperendi- 

amplifio&titOi Onis, /. [ampUflco^ 
a widening, an increa$ing, enlarging : 
pecuniae, Cic 2. Rhetor. 1. 1. an 
exaggerated description: an ampl^- 
catunk, id. 

ampUnofttor. oris, m. [id.] an en>- 
larger, an amplifier (rare) : rerum, Cic. 

ampUnoSt odV' splendidly^ Cat. 

anupUlico* Avi, atum, i. v. <». [am- 
plusfaciol to trtden, to extend, enlarge : 
divitiaH, Cic : souum, to strengthen, in- 
crease, id.: urfoem, id. 2. Rhetor. 
1. 1. to amplify, dilate, enlarge: am- 
pli&care rem omando. Id. 

0jnpUo« Avi, atum, i.v.a. ramplns] 
(b nuUee wider, to eaUend, etdarge, in' 
crease: rem, Hor. Fig.: ampliare 
nomen, to render glorious. Mart, ||. 
Legal 1. 1. ampliare aliquem or aliqujd, 
io ofj^oum the hearing of a ease (vide 
ampliatio) : potestas ampUandi, Cic 

amplltert <^^' amply, abundantly, 
viagniJiKently, PI. ' 2. greatly, vekt- 
mtntly, much, id. 

ampUtildOf Inis./. [amplus] vridUi, 
breadth, size, bulk : oomuum, Caes. 
11. Of moral qualities, etc.: quali- 
fied Dy a gen. : grecUness : ampUtudo 
auimi, Cic. : propter ampUtudinem civi- 
Utis, Caes. 2. Absol. : dignity, 
grandeur, importance : homines. In 
quibns summa auctoritas est et am- 
pUtudo, Cic 8. In rhetor, copioti** 
ness and dignity of expression : ampU- 
tudo Platon^ id. 

ampUuSi odv. (oomp. of aroplus) 
mmr^longer, further : (usually of time 
and number) freq. used without quam.the 
case not being affected by the omiasdoD : 
also in the usual construction with quam 
or abl. : qmun eum amplius centum 
elves Roraani cognoscerent. Cic. : duo 
baud amplius milUa peditum et equi- 
tatus omnis effugerunt, Liv. : milites 
ampUus horls quattuor fortissime pug- 
Tiaverunt, Caes. : inveniebat Sabim flu< 
nnampUusmilUapassttum decern 

abesse, id.: de sepalcria aotem nihil 
est apud Solonem ampUus quam, etc, 
Cic 2. besides, Moreotxrsspraeierea, 
Jnsuper; nihU dico ampUua, / say no- 
thing further, id. 8. Nihil ampUns. 
ao elUpt. phrase, to denote that no- 
thing remfJns to be stated : sese ipsum 
aba te repetit: nihil amnUns, Id. 4. 
Also eUipt. : si nihil amplius, Ulce si nihil 
aUud sc. possit : exoedam tectis ? an, si 
nihil amplius, obstem ? Ov. I|. Am- 
PLTOS, legal t. t. .pronounced by the 
Judex, on adjourning the hearing of a 
case, (vide ampUaUo) : tanta in Isto 
improbitas putabatur ut de Fhilodamo 
AMfLiDS pronuntiaretur, Cic. Also, 
amplius non petere: to bring no further 
action, to make no further daim : id. 
And poUt. 1. 1. of senators, when they 
gave their sanction to a proposal, but 
made an addition to it : ServiUo assen- 
dor et hoc ampUus oenseo^ Id. 

ftmplllSt <^ ^nm, ac^. Of space : 
large, uride, spacious, roomy: ampUs- 
sima curia et amplissimtmi gymnasium, 
Cic: porticus, Virg. ||7Meton. : 
(Umndant, areat, long, ttvuch: pabula, 
Lucr. : dvitas ampla atque florens, 
Caes.: GaUi aropUores oopiaa exspect*- 
bant, id. : ampUssima dies horarum 
quindecim, the longest day, Plin. And 
of abstract things, pasnions, etc.: am- 
pUor potentia, Plin.: haec irae factae 
essent multo ampllores, Ter. : pro 
viribus amplis, in proportion to the 
great strength, Lucr. Also in ooinp. n. 
ampUus, as a subst. (not to be con- 
fouuded with the adv.) more : daturos 
non sum ampUus, Cic Also with Gen.: 
ampUus obeidum, Caes. ||1. mag- 
n^eent, splendid, glorious, renoumai, 
distinguished : ne ulium munus aediU- 
tatis ampUus aut gratius populo esse 
possit, Cic : praemia, id. : amplissimo 
genere natus, Caes. Hence, ampUssi- 
mus, as a title for persons high in 
office: ampUssimnm collegium decem- 
virale, Cic |V. lo Rhetor, amplus 
orator, %cho speaks with dignity and 
fulness, id. 

ampullat •£,/. aglobuJar vessel for 
holding liquids, a flask, bottle, jar, pot, 
etc (sometimes of leather), uc 1|. 
Me ton. : of inflated discourse, bom- 
bast: projicit ampuUas et sesquipedalia 
verba, Hor. 

ampQll&oSllS, ^ nm, a^ [ampuUa] 
pertaining to a flask, bottle-shaped or 
globular: pira, Plin. 

ampuU&riUSf i> «> [id.] a flask- 
maker: PI. 

ampnllort *t^ i> ^'dep. [id. Hi 

to employ a bon^Mstic style, ampul- 
lar! in tnigica arte, Hor. 

aznpilt&tlOy On^ /• [ampnto] a 
pruning, Umping off: sarmentorum, 
Cic. II. Metou. : the pari cut off, 
a cutting: Plin. 

am-piltOt *^» atrnn, i. v. a. to cut 

atray or off, to lop off, prune ; esp. of 

plants: vitem ferro, Cic: caput, Suet. 

II. Fig.: tocurtail,thorten, remove: 

amputAta et drcumciaa inanilas omuis 

et error, rewtoved, Cic In rbet., annrn- 
tata loqoi, to speak unoonneeiedly, kL 

&IIUrgd&limii i. n. on almond, an 
almonakemel. Or. 

ftmyttiSi I^ /• o Io**y draught, 
fhe emjfiying of a cup at once : Hor. 

&lli Cory. It introduces the aeoond 
and suooecding members in a di^uuctive 
interrogation, or In sentences implying 
doubt: or, or «eAe<Aer: In disjunctive 
interrogations. Direct: dicam 
huic an noo dicam ? Ter. : Romamne 
venio, an hie maneo, an Arplnum (V)- 
giam? Cic 2. indirect: nunc 
vera non Id agltur, bonlsne an mails 
moribus vlvamus, SaU. An potlus, or 
rather: ui id flagitlum est, an potius 
haec patri aequtmi est fieri ? Ter. 8. 
When an alternative, or inference is 
impUed (h>m something said before, 
an may begin the whole Intenx^tory . 
ad mortem te, Catilina, dud JampridexA 
oportebat: an vero P. Sdpio T. Grao 
chum privatua Interfedt : GatUInam 
vero, nos consules perferemus? Cic 
4. Particular cons tr.: an non, 
and in one word, aiuion, occurs In direct 
questions more fivq. than necne : isne 
est quem quaero an non? Ter. : nomina 
in codioem accept! et expensi dlgesta 
babes annon? Cic. An ne, commonly 
anne, pleon. for an : neo, aeqnom aune 
Inlquom imperet cogltabit, PI. ||. 
In dlsjundtlve clauses expressing 
doubt: uAether: honestumne factu sit 
an tnipe dubitant, Cic 2. As in such 
dii\}unctive clauses the otrinlon of the 
speaker himself usually inclines to the 
second, or that Introduced with an, the 
particle sometiwus obtains a modified 
affirmative slgnif. : / almost think, it is 
vossMe that, nerhaps, probably. |. 
With 'a negative, or word implying 
doubt In the prindpal clause: testem 
non medlocrem, sed hand sdo an gra- 
vlsslmtmi, / would almost venture to 
My the most in^torUuU, Ck. : ingens eo 
die res, ac nescio an maxima illo beUo 
gesta sit, Liv. 2. With negaUves 
also in the dependent clause : eloquentia 
quldem nesdo an habuisset pai«m oe- 
mInem,Cic *% 

&ll&dim&i Stis, n. o band for the 
head, a vreath ; et bene parta patnim 
fiunt anademata, lAicr. 

inignofttef a^i *»• areoder: noster, 

ftnUeetrii. idis. /. a pad /or t^ 

shoulders, used to improve, the flgure: 

inlLpaiMtllllli i* *** fc. cannen, an 
anapaestic poem, Cic 

uULpMBtOSt A> um, a49- pes, the 
wutrical foot anapaest : ^-^ >-^ — (a 
reversed dactyl), Cic 

ijiftS, ftu&tis (gen. piur, anatum, 
rarely anatinm), /. the duck : anatum 
ova, Cic (Hence, Ital. anaira; Fr. 
cane, canette, canard.) 

kluLtlelila* m./. dim. [anas] a little 
duck, a duckling: Cic 2. A term 
of endearment : my duelding : PI. 

ftn&tlllllSi «» nm, a43. [id.] qf or 




maiaimimg to the duck: fortnnA ao»> 

initdeiinuUf t *^ interett vpon 
iKlovrt, eam p o un d interest: centeti- 
■Me com aiuUoclsiio annivenario, 

aneept («iGienUj andpet^ PI. ; <M. 
timff. aa^ti) : dpitic, <u(/. ramb- and 
capot. T. ainb.l that k^ hoo keadi, 
P n k iaded (cf. ncepa. prafecepa, etc.): 
saly In the poeta : aooepa Janua, Ov. 
Also of a mountain : two-peaked : an- 
ccps acnmen, id. ||. in gen. havinff 
Iho tidtg^ two natures, double : and of 
atetnci thing! ; dotUiffmlt uncertain, 
mwinideti, ekamgeable: tecoricala an- 
dpea, a two-edged katehett PL : beatiae 
qoari andpitea in atnqoa aede vlventM, 
ampkMoui aniwutU, GIc. : andpiti 
pmlio din atqoe acriler pugnatum eat, 
uitk tm /rontft Gaea. : jua ancep«, a 
dtub^fml point qf law, Hor. : andpfU 
Sfarta pugnare, tofyfkt witk doubtful 
mceeM. Liv. |||. damfferom, eritieal : 
Tlae» Or. : ^ox pro npobUca bonesta, 
Ipai anoepa, Tac 

taehora and axidhonlii» ▼• >o- 


ajuOa (AlaoancnleX !<*«»• (gen.pluir. 
alao aodUorun, Hor.) : a »maU oval 
Shield: Virg. Etp. : the skield said to 
h/ue faUen from keaten in tke reign 
<f Nunma, and on tke preservation of 
ukiek tke proeperitif of Borne depended: 
Uv.: (ct ScnlUi'B Ant. 326). Adj.: 
cUpeto andliboa. Jnr. 

a« ^ l^ at, /. dim. a maid-servant, 
female slaoe : andUa aere empta, Ter. : 
wnri anr»laaqoe,ac [Dim. of aneuto, 
from an old vtrb amdare or onculore, 

tnefflids, e. o^f. [andlla] relating 
ts/emMle sereants : andllara artifldum, 
mai d - s e r v a nfs work, Cfc. 

aw^Hi1>, ae./. dim. [id.1 a lUtU 
tervinff'maidt a young female slare : 
Ter. Fig.: Jorit tdentiam eloqocntiae 
tanqnam andllalam pediMcquamque 
a^fonxiatl. CIc 

aaeipMl, r. anoepa. 

tndgm (alao amc.), a, nm. Part. 
[mb and c«Mk>3 cut around or awajf : 
omnia andaa reoentt volnere, Lucr. 

flUieSim* AC (erroneoiwly written an- 
dwraX /• o» anckor: dente tenad an* 
oun ftandabat naves, Virg. : ancoraa 
>eere, to cast akckor, Caes. : oonsist«re 
ad aacoram, to lie at anckor, id. : iol- 
v«re, to weigk anchor, Ctc : tullere, 
Qm«. Fig.: aa a> sjrmbol of sertirity : 
rrfage, hope, support : ancora jam noe- 
tnm IHO tenet ulla ratem. Or. [Iloot 
*sc or AHQ, ** a bend," or ** crooked :" 
T. amgo.} 

aae&nUiSt *i <Mf'- C*'*^^! belong- 
ing toon anchor . Hence ancurale, is, 
K.aco6(e: LIv. 

, •aoSrirlftS* a, ran. «w^. C»d«] ^ 
im^fing to an anchor: fonea, oables, 

tndibitii M,f*> a gladiator, ukose 
Mmetuas without ang openings for 

andrdgfniii. U «». -gf a8> ea, /. a 
man^woinan, hermapkroane : Cic. 

inaUus (um.X f* m, dim. [analos^ 
a Uttle ring : cum tribus anelliL Hor. 

&ll8thlllll« if u.diU, anise: Virg. 

anIhtCtOBt ^ «>• C-'^mb and rsAG 
the root of (tango^ a curving or bcTtd- 
ing, <m orbit : soils anthbctoa, a circuit, 
revolution, Cic Alao, a tortuous, cir- 
cuitous route: si nullus anftttctua in- 
tercederet, Caes. : litomm anfractus, 
tke windings, Liv. ||. Fig. : of dis- 
oonrse ss ambages, digression,prolixity: 
qnid opos est drcoitione et anfhicta? 
Cic. Of legal proceedings : isUricacies, 
.pralixity : jndidonun, id. 

an^nai m,/. [ango] tht q^insg: 

anglportnif tt>. «»., and anglpor. 
tnm, I, n. a narrow street, lane, or 
aUejf: in angiportum qaoddam deser- 
tum, Ter. : viae omnes angiportnaqne, 
Cic [The root ako means " make 
narrow:^ t. ango: partus andently 
meant ** a passage, a gangi^ay."] 

ango* ^h ctum, and anxum, j. v. a. 
{paf.sjoA sup., only in Oram.) to press 
tight, to throttle, strangle (In this 
signif., poet, or antlqnated): angit in- 
haerens ellsos ocnloa, v irg. ||. F ig. : 
to cause pain, botk physical and men- 
tal, esp. the latter : to torment, vex, 
trouble: hence angi, to suffer pain: 
Plin. : cura angit bominem, Ter. : cm- 
data timoris aogl, Cic. : ne munere te 
parvo beeL ant Incommodus augat, or 
vex by refusing, Hor. With de: de 
Statio manumitiso angor, Cic. Angi 
uiiml (as in Or.): PI. On the other 
hand, Cic. says angi animo. [In the 
root AMO or akc the ideas of "bending" 
and **sqaeedng'* are comprlBed]. 

angort oris, m.sannna [ango^ a 
eompression <^ the neck, suffocation, 
the quinsy : aesta et angore ve^cata, 
Liv. "11, Fig.: anguiih, torment, 
vexation (ina trantdtory nature, whereas 
anxietas is of an abiding nature) : dlffert 
anxietas ab angore; neqiie enim omues 
anxil, qui anguntur aliquando ; nee qui 
anxii, semper anguntur, dc I n p 1 u r. : 
confld anguribus, id. • 

angoen. ▼. anguis. 

anguXoomuSi a, um, a^. [angiiis 
comaj with snaky hair (poet.) : uor* 
gun, Ov. 

angoIoiilllS* U *>^ ^^^"^ [anguish a 
smoM snake: Cic. 

angnlfeTt Sra, Srum, ad^. [anguis 
fero] setyent'bearing : itiput, Ov. 

^ngnlgSim. ae, m. [anguis and oen, 

root of gtgnoj Lit., snake-bom, sprung 

from a snakt or dragon, an epithet of 

the Thebans, who sprung from dragons' 

teeth: Ov. 

aTi gnilliL ae, /. [anguis^ an ed: 
voe onguilla manet Umgae oognata co- 
lubrae, Juv. : angnilla est, elabitur, 
proverb. <(f a sly, slippery fellow : PI. 

anglllnilLi* (S um, aqj. [anguis] 
(rare) : pertaining to the serpent, snaky : 
Oorgonis comae, Ov. 

angnlnust *» ^"^ <><&'• L^l pt'i't^n- 

ing to the serpent, snaky: Cato : Plin. 
Subst. : angmnum, 1, n. {se. ovmn), a 
snakes egg, id. 

angm-pte. Sdia, adj. [fngnls pes] 
snake-footed, an epithet of the gianu : 

angulBt i* (rsne form angnen, Uko 
sanguen for sanguis. Abi. angue and 
angui), m, and f. a snake, a serpent : 
femina anguis, mas anguis, Cic As 
fern. : torta, Ov. Latet anguis in herba, 
proverb, for some concealed danger, 
Virg. 2. Fig. : for anything odious : 
odisse aliquem aeque atque angoes, PI. 
As an emblem (i) of terror: of the 
head of Medusa, Ov. (2) of rage : the 
serpent^rdle of TLsiphone, id. (}) 0/ 
art and wisdom : the serpent-team uf 
Medea, id., and of the inventive Cerent, 
Id. II. Me ton. : As a constellatiou 
=: draco, tke £>ra^(m, between the Great 
and Little Bear, Cic. %, s= hydra, tlis 
Hydra, water serpent: Ov. 3. the 
Serpent, which Anguitenens carries in 
his hand, id. 

angnX-tfooZUt entis, adj. [anguis 
teneoj serpent-holding: hence, nubst. 
the constellation Ophiuchus s: angoifer, 
ierpenf-6«arer, Cic 

angfil&tOSi *> ^un. Part. [anguIoQ 
made angular, with angles : Cic. 

angiUllf , i, m. [root avo, v. ango] 
on angle, a comer : obtusos, Lucr. : 
hi^)ns lateris alter angulus qui est od 
Cantiiun, Caes. : extremus, the extreme 
point, comer, Ov. ||. a retired, tm- 
frequented jkaee, a nook, comer, lurk- 
ing-place : in angulum ablre, Ter. : 
gratUB puellae risus ab angulo, Hor. 

angOltSi O'^V' narrowly, closely, 
sparingly, briefly : anguste s*dere, Cic. : 
eo anno fknmentum angustius prove- 
nerat, more sparingly, Caes. : anguste 
transportare miUte8,iinfA difficulty, id. 

angustlaei arum./, plu. rare in the 
sing, aoi^tla, ae [angtiBtus] a narrow 
pljice, a strait, defile: Corinthus posita 
in angustiis atque in faucibus Graedae, 
Cic : per angustias Hellesponti, the 
straits of tke Hellespont, Suet. Hence. 
II. Fig. : In gen. : skortness, vai- 
rotcness, want, deficiency, di^cuUy, 
perplexity, etc : angnsUae spiritti^, 
shortneu of breath, Cic : pecuniae pub- 
Ucae, id. : rei frumentariae, Caes. Some- 
times absol.: ex meis angustiis illi'is 
sustento tennilatem, Cic In summits 
angustias addud,f)«rp(«xity, id. (Hence, 
Itai. angoseia: Vr. angoiise.) 

angnfltitel&yiiiB, *. um. adj. [an- 
gustus clavusj wearing a narrow stripe 
of purple, as a plebeian tribune: Suet. 

angOftOi Avi, attuu, i. v. a. [angus- 
tusjlo mcdx narrow, to straiten : iter 
cae&ls angustans corporum acervis, Cat. 

angnstuai a> ™d> <><{;• [angu]. Of 
space : narrow, strait, contracted: lon- 
ga brevia, lata angusia, Cic : roontibus 
angnstis mare contiiiebatur, contracted 
mountains (probably so called because 
they had no slope). Caes. Subst : an- 
gustum, i, ft. (mostly plur.) narrou- 
neu : angusta viarum. Virg. ||. Fig.: 




in angUBtam ooocludere, adduoere, d»- 
docera, €tc I fo reduc* to a ttraitt to 
rettrain, eonjlne, etc: «b ilU tamneoM 
todeUf bmiMuii generU In exigoum 
ancuttiink)ue ooociudiuir, CIc 2. 
Mhort^ Bcanty: angustos spiritus Demo- 
•thenli. ikort hreatk. Id. 8. f*^if» 
pimekimg: panperiM. Uor.: <loim».poor, 
WU inexpenHoelw, T«c 4. criUeal, 
di^UMlt, mwertain, wamrimp : rebus 
ADgiutif aninionu atqne forat appare, 
Ilor. BubsL : anguatum. a enUcal 
etmdUum, difieultjf, damger : rem eaae 
in angusto vklit, Gaea. 6. ta^, low, 
meam-tpirited : nihil eat tam angosti ani- 
mi,tamparTi,quam amare divltlaa, CIc. 
6. $tMU, minuU: mlnutae angus- 
taaque ooocertaUonea, id. 7. Of 
atyle ; bri^, timpU: angoaU oratio. id. 

iallilltatt ^ *^ [anbelo] a diffif 
cult^ of breaOdng, panting, pvjj^g : 
cum nimiae celeritatea flunt, antwlitna 
moventor, are oocatiomd, Cic ||. 
Melon.: bnatkimg, bnatk: mUSnTe 
anbeUtain,focirotobreaiik,PL: recipere, 
to take bnatk, rtspire. id. lU,Fig-' 
an eaekaling, exhalatum : terrae, Cic. : 
vini, /wNCf, id. 

ilUlSlpi *▼!* atmn, i. v. n. and a. 
£anbeln^ to dnw the bnaik with diJH' 
cuUjf, to pant, puff, gatp, etc : nnllna 
anhelabat sob adunoo vomere tatuua, 
Ov. II. Fig. : fornadbus ignis an- 
belat,roarf.Virg.: Catilinam rarentem 
aodadiL scelns anhelantwn, bnaiking 
oitf teic W weM, Qc 

llnhfflmt ^ lun, ad^. [halo] pamA- 
ir^f, jntffing (poeU) : equl, Vlrg. 2. 
cauaxng tiutrtneu of bnatk: cnrena, Ov. 

ixiIeUat It, /.dim. [anus] a UttU 
old woman: haeo ne ammlae quidem 
exlstimantt Cic 

ftxilliSf e. adij. [id.], pertainina to 
an old woman, olawomanisk: Toltna, 
Virg. : ineptiae pene anilea, Cic 

iinllltor* odv^ Wee an old woman : 
superetiUoBe atque aniliter dicere. Cic 

ftnlma, ae, /. (gen, animll. Lucr.^r 
air, a bnete, wittd (mostly poet) : 
iropeUunt antmae lintea. Hor. : IgiMa 
auiinaeqoe, Vlrs. ||. tke air, as an 
element: inter {gnem et terram A|uam 
deus anlmamque posuit, Cic Hence, 
III. the breath : an Imam oompresd. 
Ter. : anlmam redpe, taiM breath, id. 
Fig.: anlma amphorae, the fumes of 
%nne, Pbaedr. ly. Melon. : tke 
principle qf animal life, animus, tke 
spiritual principle of life, tke rational 
soul: sainmoa animo, fhilmnr anlma: 
sine animo anlma est debills, Alt. : 
paud, quibos rellcta est anlma, ciausl 
m tenebrls, Sail. : adlmere anlmam, PL : 
extlnguere, Ter. : rellnquere, id. : edere, 
Cic : anlmam agere, to give up tke 
ghost, to die, id. As a term of endear- 
roent: my life, my soul: tos meae 
carlssimae anlmae. Id. Fig.: anlma 
putei, water, PL Pror. : anlmam 
debere, to owe his very life, of one deeply 
In debt: qnid, si anlmam debet? ler. 
2. an animal, a living being : eq>. 
of men : egreglas animas, qoae sanguine 


nobis banc patriam peperere sno, Vlrg. 
Hence also, souls separated from the 
body, manes : tu ptas Uetis animas 
repoub aediboa, Hor. 3. Sometlmea 
for animua: tke rational soul of man, 
tke mind: anlma rationis cooslUique 
partioeps, Cic (Henoe, Fr. 4me.) 

ftalniAdTemo. tola. /• [udmad- 
▼erto 1 tke perception or observatiosi qf 
an olffeet, attentum : notatio naturae et 
animadvenio pepeiit artem, Ofe. : axd- 
tanda anlmadversio et dlUgentia, our 
ean,attention. Id. : and in gen.moMtry; 

Juaeetk) atque anlmadverrio in aliquem, 
ir. U. reproack, eensurs, ^astiso- 
menttpuniskw^ent: nee elltagere posse- 
mns animadversionem, Qc 

ialxBAdVflnor, oris. m. [M.] an tk- 
server (nn): dc 

&xiImadv«rto (▼ort.), tu sum. j. «. 
a. roonU*. from animum adverto, whldi 
orthography b rerj tnq. in the ante- 
dasa. per. ; cf. adverto no. i] (scarcely 
found In any poet except Ter. and V iri^) 
to turn or bend tke wUnd to, to give 
alioa tuam rem credldUtl magls quam 
tete animadversnros i Ter. : dlgultas tna 
fadt, nt animadTertatur quidquld fscksM, 
Cic Of the lictor. whose duly It was 
to see that the consul received due 
homage, as he passed by, etc.: consul 
anlmadvMtere proximum lictorem Jus- 
alt, Uv. (cf. Smith's Ant. 2)9). ||. to 
remorfe, nolioe, understand, perceive (aa 
the result of attention') : nutrix anlmad- 
vertit puernm dormienton drcumpU- 
calum eerpentla amplexu, Cic : ani- 
madvertit Caeasr unoe ex omnibus 
Sequaooa nihil earum remm faoere, 
Caea. IH. to aoenge, puniA, Mame, 
etc. : ea prftmum ab illo animadvertenda 
injuria estidoemet to be punisML, Ter. 
Esp. followed by in : aatts esse cansaae 
arUtrabatur quare In eum aot ipse ani- 
madverteret, ant dvHatem animadver* 
tere Jubaret, Caea. And absoL : to 
it\fliet oapital puviAment: in M. loe- 
lum animsdversum, Tac 

ioMU, Uls(ilM. reg. animaU)[ani. 
malisj, n, a Uving being, an animal : 
quod animal est, id motn detur Interiore 
et suo, Cic Of man : animal providum 
et saffftx homo, id. Of the universe : 
hunc mundum animal esse, id. 2. 
Af anUth. to man : multa ab anlmallnm 
vodbus tralata in homines, Varr. 
Hence, contemptuously of a man : to- 
nestum iUud animal, ex neCsrils stuprla 
ooncretum, CIc (Hence, Fr. a nrn a ii t et , 
•* black cattle.") 

inlmUili «• 04^' [wiimal. of air, 
airial: natura animantia vei terrena, 
vel htnea, vel animalls, vel humida, Cic 
IJ. living : aiilmaUa corp(»«, Lner. : 
quaedam animalis lntell%entla per om- 
nia ea transit, a kind qf Uving mind, 

inlmant^ anUs. Part. Tanimo] ani^ 
mate, living . Decs ne aiumantes qui- 
dem esse. Oc ||> Su bs t. : any Uving 
being: an animal. (The gender la 
dther maac, fern., or neut. : Oen. pUw. 

animantom Ijiicr*) ; bcu ! qnantnm 
aoeloa eat alteriua anlmantem anlmaatk 
vivere leto, Ov. Poet.: of man: hie 
stlhis hand petiet oltro qoemqoam an^ 
BBantsos, ^lor* 

ialxnitfo, Onia, /. [id.] (ke be- 
itomil of l^ aniMuMng (estnmtetf 
rare): ud mt ion. tor tke hvimg being 
itself: divlnaa animationis ipwriaa. 

Klgbnitiu, a, um. Part. [id.J mmt^ 

animatoa meUus quam paratva. Cte. 
With Ji\f. : si quid animatus ea teoera. 
PL 2. oonrapeoitf, stout-keartm 
(xanimosaa) : miUtes axmatl atqoe 
animati probe. Id. 

ftnllDOt •▼!« Atom. I. «. a. and n, 
[anhna] lit. tofU witk brsatk or air: 
hence, to mote aM«e,ammato: formore, 
flgurare,colorare, animare.CIc Poet.: 
animare in aliquid, to Craitfform a l^«> 
less oifftct to a hving being: guttas 
animavit in angoea. Or. ||. to endam 
witk, to temper: ntoonque tcmperatm 
sit aSr, ita poeroa oiientea animari atque 

ftnlmfitSt ^''^' courageously: anl- 
moae et fortiler feocre aliqidd, dc 
n. ardently, eagerly : 8aet. 

ftnbnStUt, a, um, ad^. [anlma] ./WH 
qfair, airy: anlmoea guttnra, titrmgk 
wkiek tke brmtk passes, Ov. Of tLa 
wind, N010H19 violmOy: Eurua, Vtrg. 

JbamitntB. a,vm,a^. [antamul/Mll 
of courage, bold, spiriied: in gladly 
toriis pugnia timickM odisse sokmua, 
fortes et animoaoa servari cttplmua,Clc: 
qnadropedea animoaoa, i. c equoa. Or. 
H. Poet : pn u d , with obL : en ego 
(Latona) veatra parena, voUs Miim'ta 
creatia. proud to hone bams ym, Ov. 
in. ar demt, eager : c ot r up iur animo- 
BUS. a bold briber, Tac 

HfiTm^il^ ae,/. dim. [anima] a Uttlt 
souk Ufe, courage : ouae (Uterae) mfid 
quiddam quasi anhnuW restiUanmt, r»> 

hsiSmilWh ^ "^* ^^' [udnraa] only 
In the voc : ml anfanule ! my Aeovi .' my 
daHing! PL 

inlmilS* If *t [v. antana] tke spi' 
ritual prindple qf Ufe in man, tke ra> 
tional soul (opp. toon^o, the prtndple 
<^ animal life): credo, deos Immortalca 
a p a ra iaee animos in corpora humana, 
Ck. In a more restricted sense, for the 
separate Ikcolties of the soul ; aa the 
will, the paadona, and the reason or 
onderstandtng ; with their different 
InmndiM, or subdiviilom. When m«is 
and animua occur together, animus ex- 
preaaea the IropetnoaltT aod impnlse, 
mens more of the habit and obararter 
of a man : nt ad bella susdpienda Qal- 
lorum alacer ac promptna eat ani- 
mus, dc mollis ao minlme mlatens ad 
calamitatea perferei^aa mcoa eoittm 
eat, Caea. I. wiU, purpose, desin: 
latum exheredare In antano habebat, 
Cic : legatos mittmit qui dioerent dU 
ease in animo Iter per Provtndam boere, 
Caea. Heooe, eat animua with Dot. 




mmd hif., to ham a mind to do 
fifcM^. to 0im at, etc. : ftiermt uUmw 
oacvJands bo«Mi potbUcare, the eam tpir or 
ion had imimatd. Suet. SometimM 
widioat dot. : perfloere eft animus, 
fliMiBiras tmpunere ciiris, Vlrs* * H, 
the ^eetionM, in^tiuUioni, ptutions, 
1. the feeliytg$^ tn gen., heart, di»- 
iMrtW ow , or duaraeter: antamw pmvr- 
Woi et indutiu nee oohibere w po- 
test, nee qw> looo mlt ioiistere, Cie. 
Fig. of pumts: baec qooone ezoeilnt 
flOrertrem oaimam, put off their wUd 
•atmt, Vlrg. 8. of pMUcnUr pw- 
itooB : (t) eouroffe, spirit : (ftvq. fai 
ptmr.): Tiitnte atqne animo Tedaiere, 
Oc Hence bono antnio aiaa, to be of 
p»odtamnge,UL: and aatb aniini, «i(/^- 
eiaU oottrage^ Or. Also for hope, cof»* 
magnna mihi animni eat, bo- 
diem inlUnm IfberUtia fore, 
(iL) hauffhtineot, pride: quae 
drltaa eat in A^ quae unios tribimi 
mffltmn anlmoa ac ntiritos capera po»- 
dt? eomtd M'Hftf the arroffone* and 
pride, Cic (Ui.) vehanenoe. wrath: 
▼tnoe animoa irarnqoe toam. Or. Fig. 
of t2ie atonny wlnda : Aeolus molUtque 
aabnoa et teinperat Iraa, Yin. (W.) 
emttriainwtent, pUaoure, ddipM .* baec 
(anJnttlia) abint animi volnptatiMiiM 
— a patti tm e or a mmee m en t, Cmu. 
(▼.^ dispooUion Unearde anf one : boc 
in noa ease debeMs, Oc. Hence 
te ton. of a beloved peracm, my heart. 
If mmt: aalre, aaime ml, PL (ri.) 
oore, ommietff, tolieitude: mnltae op^ 
ana* mfirf anlnram ezaogeant, 
in. the reoBomng /acuUjf, the 
f, intetleet : reoordari cnm 
etc :. and witboQt com : anhno 
■leAtarl, Nep. Hence tbe expreMdons 
aniniinn adrertere, a^Jongere, a^pUcare, 
■ppaUere, indncere, etc fl. the me* 
ex anlmo cfRnere, Clie. 8. 
i: rellqult anfanusSextinm, 
4. opinion, Judffment : nwatly 
la tba Jbi. meo quiden animo or meo 
>, In my opi ni o n : boc, meo qcd- 
animo, amOTis mei rfgnran droet 
BTtladamin Oc |y. Some- 
poet. In the signif. of anima: 
ettal power , life: nna eademque via 
langQHi antmoaqoe aeqtrantur, Virg. 
Tba p hra a e ex antani aenteoUa Is ex- 
pMned tgmdar sentnitla. Tbe Oea. 
amml. Instead of tbe Abl. anlmo, wltb 
A^^ ( atge r , raiser, oertus, anxins, 
iofsna, ▼andoa, etc.), is freq. used boa 
liy te poets and blstorlans. 

lilii, c, on^. ^annos] eonHnuing 
" tempiM, carraa, Varr. 


Lrtlmtinff to the year or the Offe ; 
Imm which determined the age 
eUetion to amy ptMic 
annalibos grandiorera 
ad ooosalatum conatituebant, 
n. Sobst. m. K. liber, most 
In the ptnr. annalea. Imn. sc. Ubri, 
yearly recorde, chronielei, 
w a ll ; qnem ego arbitror, praeserthn 
*l*sa scrflMt fatacorlam, mollos ex sals 
■anaUbas posse delitere,ld. Bespcetlng 


tba annalas of the pontllb, see Smith's 
Ant 104. 

umaMOr, ▼• •gnuoor. 

annet ▼•ui* 

aa-neoto (Mhi.), exol, exmo, j. v. a. 
to tie on or bind to, to annex: ftanicuhis 
sci^iham annexam trabebat, CIc Fig.: 
rebus praesentibas annectit fbtoras, id. 

aniieUlllf v. anellus. 

annemi (adn.), a, nm, Piorf. [an* 

umexni (adn.), lis, m. [idj a 
tying or bindima to, a o on tne cti on: Tac 

aimlllll (mulX «» tun. Part, [an- 

U-Bltor (Adn.), nlsus or nixiis, |. 
V. dep., to pre$$ or lean upon: witbod 
or Dot.: natora ad aliquod tanqnam 
adminlculam annititur, Cte. : lusta in- 

r!nti annlxa colnmnae, Virg. I|. 
i^. : to take paint, to exert onettfy", 
itnve: with ut, ne, or aOerand with 
ad: qno mltri acrius annitendun eat, 
utIUt frustra sint. Sail. : ad ea natnuda 
omnis dvitaa sommo studio amutebatnr, 
Id. 2. With de: nisi Bibolus an- 
nlteretor de triumpho, Cia 8. With 
pro: patrea non temere pro ullo aequo 
annisi sunt, lAv. 4, with ace. quod 
ego odnitar, PUn. 5. With Inf.: 
annitentibua retinere morem. Tac 6. 
Jbtol. : annitente Crasso, Sail. 

annXyenftrliif, a. tm, o^f. [annus 

▼erun annual, yeariy : sacra, Cic : 
(coetp vidsritudines, the annuaUy r»> 
currxng eeatont, id. 

aimixill (adn.), a, nm. Part, [an- 

la-no (Mhi.), I. V. n. to twim to, 
near, or touurdt: with ad, the IHU. or 
Ace.: paod miUtes, qui naves annare 
poeaent, Caes. : terrae, Virg. : ad litus, 
Oell. Abeol.: plures annabnnt thynnl, 
Hor. Fig. : quod ublque gentium est, 
ad earn nrbem posset annare, Cic 

aanoiii ▼• *n. 

axm5xiai m> /> [annus, like pomona 
trtm pomura^ the year'* produce, hence 
the neeeuanee tf l^e, mp. grain: 
copta fhmienti et annona tolerabllis 
reram sHarum, a tolerable Mupply, Uv. : 
annona nld in calamitate pretium noo 
babet,Clc H. Me ton.: lAe price o^ 

Kain or other food : annona est gravis, 
.: pntarem annonam in macello o»- 
riorem fore, Cic Fig.: vills amlcorum 
est snnona, bonb ubi quid deest, nnaU 
indeed i$ the price of friends, Hor. 

umfifut, a, um, a(^. Tanntis] /uU 
qf years, aged, old: anus, Or. 

ftimOtlnni. a, vm, wU. [annus, 
formed like bomo-ttnoa, dlu-t£DUs j a year 
old, of last year (rare) : cum annotinla 
(navibus), the thipt used in the former 
year, others interpret It, the provision 
Aips, Oses. 

anxmlarifl* annulartns, annnlatus, 
annulus. v. annl., etc. 

tn-nlbniro (sdn.), avi, atum, i.T.a. 

to count out to, to pay : quum sraatns 

singutos Ubi denarios annnmerasaet, Cic 

II. to add to, to reckon teith: with 

dot,: his libris annnmerandi sunt sex 

With tn.* 

in grege 

de repnblica, Id. 
annnmerur, / as 

an-nvntiLo (adnO or aa-nundo 

Tadn.), i. «. a. to orin^ netcs, mate 
hnown, proclaim : amumtiavere exani- 
matamUlnm, PUn. 

Uk^ntto (adn.). U, ttnra, s. v.n, to 
nod at, to nod to : n« Ilia nlli liomini 
nutet, nlctet, annuat, PL |l. to nod 
assent, amrove, consent : petenti annuit, 
Virg. With ooe. and litf. : amidtiam 
ae Romanomn aodpere annuit, Ut. 
ni. With ooc. and Dot. : to premise 
or grant: ooeli nuibna annuls aroem, 
Virg. IV. to dfsignate by a nod or 
wink: qnos Iste anaoerat, Cic V. 
to state, dedare: Iklsa annuere, Tac 
[Root vu : V. abnno.] 

•lUl11Sti»«kayear.* annos sexaglnt* 
natns, Ter. : nemo esttam senex. qui ae 
annum non pntet posse vivere, dc: 
poet, anno pleno,a< thedooe of, Hor. 
Adverbial phrases: l.Anno,a 
year ago, last year: qnatnor minis 
ego enu istanc anno, PL : a whole year : 
qui anno Jam prope senatum non ba- 
buerint, LIv. : tn each year, yearly, 
PUn. In Is fireq. added with the ad- 
verbial numerals: Ur in anno, Cic 
2. Annum, a year, during a whole 
year: matronae annum aum Inxerunt, 
liv. 8. Ad annim\ a uear hena, 
for the coming year : flKienanm est ad 
annum, Cic 4. In annum, for a 
year: prorosatmn tn annum tanpeilum 
est, Llv. With numerals annus is 
used in vartons phrases to denote (i.) 
age : cum annomm octoginta In Aenrp. 
tum Ivlsset, at the age of eighty, Nep. 
(1.) other dates: nondum centum et 
deoem annl sunt, com lata eat lex. 
since, Cic ||. Poet. : for a season 
of the year : nunc formosissimus annns, 
noto the teason is most beautiful, Viig 
HI. Poet. Me produce t;^ theyear- 
nee arare terram aut exspectare annum, 
Tac. IV. Poet. : age, time of life : 
rugis integer annus, I^op. V. '^ 
feoal age for an office : hoc bonore ma 
imedsttt prima petltione, quod anno 
meo, Cic C^loot ak, •* round," wbence 
Onus, ** a Tiftf."] (Hence, ItaL afmata, 
from which Fr. onnA; also an, directly 
trma anmtu.) 

axmftuSt a, nm, 04/. [annus] lasting 
a year, <tf a year's dssnMam : tempos, 
Oc. : magistratus, Caes. : nox erat annua 
nobis, aeeaied a year long, Or. IL 
recurr<fv et«ry year, yearly, arnnueu: 
commutaUooes, the Ganges ^ the tear' 
tons, Cic : vice. ovMtuaUy, Plln. 

an-qnlro* qnldvi,ltum,i. v. a. [am- 
or amb- quaero] to seek on all sides, 
to search after: anqulrere aUqnem, 
Cic II. Fig.: to inquire into, to ex- 
amine: anqulrentibos noMs omnkroe 
ade Ingenii oontemplantibus. kL |||. 
Legal t. t. : to inttitute an inquiry or 
examination: de perduelUone, liv. 
2. to accuse, with Abl. or Gen. of 
tbe punishment : capita or capitis ai>* 
qidsttns, Llv. 






ansai ae, f. « handte» haft. Of cm 
tartkoi tegM; Cato. Of a door : aiua 
osUi, Petr. Of tke loop <!^ a mndal : 
PUn. II. F 1 g. : ooeonon. omortunity 
(rare) : nipreheniioiiis ansa, Cic. 

ans&tUS. a. ran, <u^'. [aoaa] having 
ahandle: vaa,OoL: homo anaatna, ictM 
his arm* o-Mntbo, PI. 

anser* Sris. m. (/. Varr.): ajjpooae.* 
piDgulbas et fids paatum Jecur anseris 
alU, Uor. 

tntii i>ra«p. aod adv. A. ^Vrp. 
lott/i Joe. ; before, in front of, facing. 

1. In apace, w Fig. in regard 
to ordiar and preference.- 1, In space 

a) without motion: ante snum Ain- 
'am,Cic. Of persona: ante se ata- 
toit ftinditores, Liv. Ftg. : canaam 
ante earn diceret, before him at judge, 
Cic. Hence, hondnes ante pedes, ier- 
vantM, Jav. (fi) with motion: equi- 
tatam omnem ante se mittit, Caea. 

2. Fig.: in regard to order and 
preference: btfortssprae: Ofelix una 
ante alias Priamela Ttrgo, Virg. Hence, 
ante esse, to^urpau, excd: facundia 
Qraecoa, gloria helU Oalloa ante Roma- 
noa fuisse, Sail. The i^raae ante omnia 
is used adverbially, (i.) fint of all: 
Suet, (ii.) comparatively: above all, 

y: dolces ante omnia Miisae, 
\g aJbovt all thingt. Virg. (Ui.) 

discourse : fvrttly, in tiujint ^ace : 
ante mnnla quid sit rfaetorlce, Quint. 
11. la time (the more usual mean- 
ing), b^ore : ante noctem, Hor. Often 
pt^a^rastically : Jam ante Socratem, 
before the time vf Socrates, Cic : ante 
has meas literaa, bf^ore the retxipt <f 
this letter, id. So with a part. paf. : 
ante decemvlros creatos, Lir. 2. 
Particular phrases: (i.) ante tempus, 
b^ore the right time: ante tempus ezd- 
tatis suis, id. : brfare the fixed or lawful 
time: faettis est consul bis, primum 
ante tempus, dc. (ii.) ante diem, 
poet.: b^ore the usual time: Caesarl* 
Dus virtus contigit ante diem, Ov. : be- 
fore the time destined by fate: fllius 
ante diem patrioa inqtiirit in annos, id. 
(ilL) ante hunc diem nunquam, in 
Plant, and Ter. : nererbr/'ore. (iv.)ante 
dtrai (ahbrev. a. d.) and an ordinal 
number are used to denote the day of 
the month ; where the prep, causes the 
abl. of time to be dianged into an ace, as 
if the word depended up<Mi the prep. 
Hence, in translating such phrases diem 
must be translated by on the day, and 
the prep, ante be transferred to the 
following ace. : a. d. IV. Id. Mart. (i. e. 
ante diem quartum Idns Martias,) on the 
itthof JHwrch, Liv. As h\ this constr. 
ante cUem were conridered as one word, 
they are often found with the prep, in 
or ex : caedem te optimatium contulise>e 
in ante diem V. Cal. Nov. to the Hlh 
Oct., Cic 

B. Used without a case, or adver- 
bially. 1. 1 n s p a c e (a^ without mo- 
tion : in front : fluvins ah tergo, ante 
drcaque velut rlpa praeofpe oram ejns 
cmnem dngebat, liv. (J3) with mo- 


tion, forwards : al aut manibus ingre- 
diatur quia, aut non ante sed retro, not 
forwards, but baekuxLrds, Cic ||, I n 
time : before (in the sense of previa 
ously), dther with an abL of time, or 
with an aoc depending upon the prep, 
in syntax, but not in signification : per- 
pauds ante dlebua dederam Q. Hudo 
literaa ad te. id.: ante quadriennium 
amiasus ea, four years previously, Tac 
With the Advv. multo, paulo, tanto, 
aliquanto, more rarely multum and pan- 
lum : multo ante proepexi tempratatem 
fiitnram, Oc : permultum ante certior 
facttu eram literia, id. 2. With quam 
(when the two words come together, 
they are frequently Joined, making what 
is sometimes called the conjunction an- 
tequaml sooner than, before: ut te 
ante viaent quam e vita dlscederet, id. : 
anteqnam de incommodis Sidliae dico, 
id. 8. As adj. (rare) : neque enim 
ignarl sumus ante mawrum, previous 
calamities, Virg. 

0. In composition: with verbs, 
before, in place, time and excellence 
(Key, ^ i|io) : f. g. : antecapere, ante- 
cedere, antengere, anteferre. antestare, 
anteponere. in designations of time 
often with adJJ. and adw. : e. g. ante- 
lucanus, antemeridianus, antehac, ante- 
ludo. Ante sometimea appears as 
anti, e. g. antidpare ; and sometimea 
with the suffix (i, anted or antid, 
(Hence, Ital. cuwi.) 

tntSiU c^v. temp, (of any past or 
pres. time, whereai* antdiac means be- 
fore this present time, i.e., the present 
time of the speaker^: brfore this or 
that, before, formerly, aforetime: ac 
Aiitantea tempus, Obes. : et aniealau- 
datus, et hoc tempore landandus, Cic : 
clipcis antea Romani usi sunt: deinde 
scuta pro clipels fecere, at an earlier 
period . . . subsequently, liv. [a is not 
the abl. termination, but a corruption 
of the ace ending, am: cf. interea, 
propterea, praeterea, with antequam, 
postquam, praeterquam.] 

Uteaotnfi a, um, and anteago, 
better separately, ante actus and ante 

ant6-fi&pIo» oQpi. ceptnm, |. v. a. 

to take b^orehand, topre^oocupy : multa 

ante capere, quae hello uaui forent,Sall. 

II. to anticipate, i. e., not to wait 

for : noctem, id. 

tntSoSdenS; entis. Part, ([antecedo.3 

II. Subst. in rbet.: the antecedent: 
locus ex antecedentlbus, Cic. 

antS-cMOi ^asi, esstmi, 3' v. n. to 
go brfore (in space),- to get the start: 
with Ace., or abtol.: Pbmpelus expe- 
ditus antecosserat Icgtones, Cic Absol. : 
ex lods superloribus, qui antecesserant, 
snot adscendentes protegebont. Caes. 

II. to precede (in time) : with dot, 
or ooc. : haec (dies) d antecessit, Ter. 

III. Fig.: to have precedence, to 
excel, surpass: with Dot. otAcc. : quan- 
tum natura bomlnis pecudibus ante- 
cedit, Qc : Veneti usn nauticarum re- 
rum oeicros antcoedunt, (2ues. Absol.: 

at qnisque honore et aetata aateoedebat. 
%oas superior, Cic 

antl-«ello (!»/. and perf, parL 
not used), j. v. n. to distinguiA ome- 
se^, to surpass, excd: with Dot. Aaia 
fadle omnibus terris antecellit, Cic 
With Aec.: peregrinam sliipem, Tac 
AbsoL: humanitate antecellena, Cic. 
[The simple verb edlo Is not fonnd. 
Tho root CBL signified ** to raise ;" henc« 
anteeeUo wookl signiTy orlg. ** to raise,'* 
(or used reflectively) •• to rise, before 
oUiers :" tfie same root appeare in ceistis, 
exeeUo, ooUis, culmen, oohtmna, eulmus^ 
calamus. Also in peroeUo ** to over- 
tarn," oeler, odox, Ju:.] 

lXlt6Ceptllli ^* antecapto. 

antfOMBlOi Onis, /. tantecedol a 
going btfore, preceding, Cic. ||. that 
u-AtcA goes btfcre, the antecedent cau»e: 
homo causas rerum videt eanunque 

{irogressns, et quasi antecenicHiea non 
gnorat, id. 

latteeMOr. Oria, m. [id.] he wAo 
goes bgore ; hence mtZu. 1. 1^ ante- 
cessorea, the advanced guard: agminis 
antecessores. Suet. (Hence, Vt. an- 
citres, and Eng. ancestors.) 

antScnnory oris, m. aforeru nn^ . 
Hence milit. 1. 1., anteciirsores, the aJ- 
vaneed guard, pioneers : Cam. 

antSoIoo and latadktOly more 
correctly ante dioo, etc. 

ant8-$o» 1^1 or ii, 4. V. /i. (Okt 

forms, antideo=anteeo like antidea for 
antea. Pi. : antidlt=antelt, id. : antelre, 
trisyULncr.: anteis, anteit,dis^lLHor. 
Pres. suig. sync, anteat, Ov. : so also 
antibo, Tac : perf. subj. antisaent, id. : 
inf. antisse, id.) to go before, precede : 
with J>at., Ace., or absol.: praetorlboa 
anteeunt, Cic : te anteit necesdtas, 
Hor. : borbarum Jubebat anteire, (^. 
II. Fig. : to exc^l, surpass: aliquem 
sapicntia, Ter. : alicui aeute,Cic Also 
pass. : se aequales tul. abs te anteiri 
putant, id. 111. to anticipate: aeta- 
tem meam honoribus vestils anldstist 
I^i^' IV' to prevent, resist: damna- 
tionem anteiit, Tac 

ailt6-iSro» tfili, latum, ferre, }. «. a. 
to carry or bear brfore : anteferre fsaces, 
Caes. \\, Fig.: to set brfore, prrfer: 
with Dat. and JUx. : Icoige onmibiia 
unnm anteferre Demostheiiem. Cic: 
hi inter se controverilas habebaat qui- 
nam antefcrretur, Oaes. 

antSfizuii a, vaa. Part, [ante and 
flxns part, of Ago] fas'encd brforf, 
natied to (rare) : trunds arborum ante 
fixa ora. Toe. Hence subst. anteflxn, 
oram, n. plu., the little ornaments 
affixed to the cornice of an entai^aturt: 

antagettnSf better separately, ante 

antfi-gridlor. essua, 3. v, dqp. [gra- 
diorj to go brfore, to precede ; steUaVe- 
neris cum antegreditur solem, Cic. 
Fig.: id turn apparet, quum antegruM 
est lioneAtaa, id. 

antJ^h&bSo. t. «. a. to prrfer: In- 
credibllia veds, Tac 



A N U L U S 

■atMlie (old fonn antldhoc. Uke 
•ntideft for antea.— Astebac, (UbstL, 
Hot.) befm% this fpresent) tiwte^ /or- 
merUf, prtmmuly (cf. ant««) : antehac 
fpermre laltcm w»bat, Ditnc etlam id 
CTe ycum est, Cic Sometimes = ante* : 
eartier, b^ore tkat time: ea taepe ante- 
hM: fUem prodkteiat, SalU [Prob. hlc 
fs a mrvxp^M fonn of ace. haoc : cf. 

UIM-l&tllft *« ™d> Fort, [antefero]. 

•Ittfi-l'fte&Illllf *« umt ai((/. [luxj 
bi^rt dajfbreak: tx atitelucano tern- 
pom, Cic : ooauae, which amtiime until 
ooif^nalCf id. 

■ati^miirldXiaiiSt a, mn, o^;. bo- 
/sra wUA-da^f in the forenoon : senuo, 
Oc: litene, reoetcea before mid-day, 

aatf-iinittfti J* *•<>• to tend l^ore 
(rare for praemitto): antemissis equl- 

mtWMMi (l^M correctly, antemna), 
ae,/. a «(ul-3farel .* ftmes, qui antennas 
ad malos deiUnabant, Caes. : oomua 
velatamm antennarmn, the ends of the 
Hothtd tail-vard$, L e. m'tA tails $et, 
Tlrj. (Cf. Smith's Ant. 267.) fProb. 
from «»a-Tcu«^, ** to spread ont**] 

Ut^peSt Sdto. m. the/ore/oot, Oc. 
H S3 aateambulo, a forenmner. 

•Iit5-plliaiii2 1. «»• •''<Z»^« <• <•• <^ 
midien who f ought brfore the pilani, or 
trisrii; <Ae haeUUi andprincipa, Llv.: 
(et Smith's Ant. 168). 

aati^ptaOf ■ni, dtnm, j. v. a. with 
Jee. and 2^ .' to w< or /){ac< before ; equi- 
tma loooa sedilibns plebis anteponere, 

"I^ II. *"*§•: *o P^/^f ^'« <*« 
M ^greacg; neque has occupationes sibi 

Bruanniae anteponendaa Judlcabat, 

entis. a4j' tuperivr in 
etc; PI. 

. and unto QUtlXlt ^« «nte, 

B* ll> 2> 

antM* I^°Ot *^ P^' TOw»t or ranktt of 
aoTtiiiiig: e.g. of TtneSiyirK.: of sol- 

•AtS-flUmailllS. i. m. [rignmn] that 
i» before ike tiandard; hence, Ante- 
rignani ac miUtes, a ^o$en band of Bo- 
■us mtUtiert leho fought before the 
Hamdardgt Caes. : (dr. Smith's Ant. 168.) 
Me ton.: a leader, oommander: ante- 
■Ignamis in acie Pbarsalica, Cic 

mto-sto or tntUtOt atSU, i.v.n. 
to stand before, used Fig. only : to be 
faremoet, to excel: with Daf. or Ace. 
also Jbeol.: aniestat eloqnentia Inno- 
ccadae, Nep. 

aatMtOTf Atns, I. o. dep. Toontr. 
than antetetiorl Legal (. t. to caUto wit- 
nets : i2» formula waa, ** licet antestarl 7* 
sad was addresced to a bystander by the 
pbtaitiiT who, when about to summon a 
defendant Into coort, wished to have a 
vitons to the smmnons : at the same 
time be tooched the ear of the witness : 
magna tnclamat Toce et " licet antes- 
lart?" E^ rero oppono aiuicnlam. 
Bar. lo uc oooe wi:bout respect to 

Judic. proceedings : nae bie te antesta- 

antS-yinlOf ^Sni, ▼entum,4. v.n,to 
ootne before, get (he start ef : with Dot. 
or Act, : tempori, PI. : oonsilia et insi- 
diaa (hoslitmi), to otUicipoto, frexient, 
SaU. II. Fig.: to exceed, turpau, 
excel (very rare): per virtutem nobi- 
litatem, id. 4beol. beneflda, nbi mul- 
tum antevenere, have become very ex- 
cessive, Tac 

tnt^yerto (-vor-). **. »n™» J- *• «• 

and a. (As dep. antevortar, PI.) to toXae 
on^s turn before another, to go or come 
btfore, to precede: stella tum antever- 
tens, tum subsequens, Cic ||. Fig.: 
to anticipate, prevent: miror, ubi ego 
huic antevorterlm, Ter. I||. to pre- 
fer : Caesar omnibus consiliis antever- 
tendum exlstimavit, Caes. 

antilcIpfttiU)* Onis. /. Janticipol a 
precone^ion, an tnnoto ulea: anud- 
patio Deonim, (Tic 

ailti[-<dpO» <^^t» atum, I. V. a. and n. 
[ante and oip the root of capiol to taJee 
brforehand, to anticipate : anudpatum 
mentibus nostris. already anticipated, 
Cic : antkdpata via, travelled over btfore, 

anHoOfli ^ um, ot^'. [ante] in front, 
foremost : to anticam partem pelli, Cic. 

antitdStimit ^* *>• <u)d -us or -oa, i, 

f.ssayrtEvrov (-os), a counterpoison : 
Suet. In gen. an antidote, remedy: 
Fig.: antidotum adversus Caeaaxem, 

ftUtilpdddSf luoa* m. pilu.=:&yTiiroiH, 
the antipodes. In Cic. as a Or. word. 

antlQTl&riaSf ii* ^n. [anti(^uus] one 
viho studies antiquities, an arUxquarian : 
nee quemquam adeo antiquarium puto, 

anttqilit <xlv>* I«^ ^ andemts, Hor. 
Comp. Tac 

antiEqnItaSi Stis,/. [antlquusl olden 
time, antiquity, ancientness : iabulae 
ab ultima antiqultate repetitoe. Cic 

i|. Meloq.: the events of antiquity, 
istory of ancient times: roemoria 
antiqultatu, id. 2. ^«^ */ former 
times, the ancients; antiquitas melius 
es. quae erant vera, cemebat, id. |1|, 
primitive virtue, integrity, honesty, etc. : 
his gravissimae antiquitatis vlria pro- 
batns, id. 

tnttQUltftS} o^"' [id.l tn former 
times, anciently : Belgns Rhenum an- 
tiquitus transdnctos, Caes. 2. from 
ancient times; hence sometimes with 
inde or ab.... ad: quuro (hoc sludium) 
antiquitus usque a Cbiruno ad nostra 
tempora apnd omnes duraverit, Quint. 
Also in speakiog of times compara- 
tively recent : hordeo corrupto aleban- 
tur, quod ad biijunnodi casus antiquitus 
paratum in publicum contulerant, 

antitonOj *^ atum, i. v. a. [id.1 to 
restore a thxvg to its former condincn. 
Only as a forensic term: to reject a 
biU, not to adopt it: legem agrarlam 
anliqtiari CiMHle passus est, Cic. 

iaUQnuit *» ^^m, a^j. [ante; an- 

other form of ant-lcus opposed to post- 
ictis] (antlquus refers to time, amicus 
to space), Jormer, old, ancient, that has 
formerly been in existence : (opp. to 
novus, as vetus to recens. Yet antiqnus 
and vetus are often synonymous) : Jup- 
piter Alcumenam redigei In antiquam 
concordiam coi^jugis, to her former har- 
mony vnth her husband, PI. : antiquior 
dies in tuis erat adscripta Uteris, qtiam 
in Caesaris, an earlier or older date, 
Cic S u b s t. : antiqui, the ancients, esp 
the ancient writers: habemns Scau- 
rum in antiqtiis, id. Poet.s=praeterl- 
tus, past, gone by : vulnus, Ov. ||, 
Of things begun before the present age, 
yet still existing; antlqulssima scripta, 
Hor. : saxum antiquum, Virg. : anti- 
qiram obtlnere, to retotn an oU custom 
or habit : antioutmi hoc obtines tunm, 
tardus ut sis, PI. |||. Me ton. : of 
the old sUxmp, or fashion, for, simple, 
honest, innocaU, venerable, etc. : homo 
antiqua virtute et flde, Ter. : terra an- 
Uqua poiens armis. venerab% illustri- 
ous, Virg. 2. HenccMomp. and sup. : 
more or most etletratm, famous, pit- 
ferable or better ; quod honestlns, id 
mihi est antiquius, Oc. : Judidonim 
causam antiquissimam se habitunmi 
dixit, id. IV. Oigtd: Virg. 

fltntistM* stitis, m, and /. also an- 
tl'itiia, ae. /. (like bospita from hospes, 
sospita firom sospea, clienta from cliens). 
Ut. : a foreman, an overseer, president 
in gen. (rare) : vinderoiatonmi, Col. 
II. aprerident of a temple, a high- 
priest : caerimonianjon et socrunun, Cic 
In fem. : a chief priestess : assiduae 
tempU antistites, Li v. |||. Fig. : a 
master in any science or art; artis 
dicendi antistes, Cic. [Ante and stat : 
the root of sto appears under the two 
forms STAT and sta: cf. Eng. stand, 
stood, stead, etc. Cf. superstes.] 
ftntlBtXta, «. antistes. 
fltntitthStOIlt U n. = ayrtBrrov, Rhet. 
1. 1. imposition, antithesis, Cic < 

antrmn* l. n.=:ayTpov, a care, CO- 
rem (almost entirely poet.) : antra «te- 
lida, Virg. Of the hollow of a trte: 
exesae arborls antrum, Id. 

ftnlUftrllU [*nn.], a, um. a^j. [an- 
ulus] pertaining to a signet-ring. ||. 
Subst anularios, ii, m., a ring-maker: 

intUftttU [ann.], a, vm, rid."]: fur- 
nished or ornamented vrith a ring: 
aures, PI. 

&n1illlS [ann.3 1, m., any article in 
the form of a ring : velares anoli, cur- 
tain rings, Plin. : anulus cateitae. a 
Unk rtf a cAatn, id. : annlus cruribus 
aptus, filers. Mart. ||. Esp. a r ng 
for the finger, a signet^nng : (Gyges) 
anulum detraxit, Oc llie right t^j 
wear a gold ring was possessed in the 
time of the Republic by the equites 
only : hence annlus eqttestris, Hor. : 
anulum tnrenit. i. e. he has been pro- 
moted to the equestrian order, Cic. So 
Jiis anulorum, equestrian rank, Sael, 
(Cf. Smith's Ant. 25.) [The root am 


\H^ •♦ 

A ffffCOB 


it , ,. «Mt>»*«. 


I > 

\ I > 

I It ■ . 


♦ «"»» 


',1 . »i 

I, k » I • «' I , i,< I '■ t»i 

•» (' 'I 

1 ' 

1 ) 1' , > M -Ml 

I « , I 

• ' , ' 

' I- ^ L -tttf 

^ It,., J. . I t4«t«<«Ut, 

1 1 * I ' 

I • , <' I I I f >| M«i«l h ' 

II I'l Ml) 4 i iV ■ »•"*•*, 



\ > 

' UL ' i * . •x>)L i^v ,1,; 

, |.\ t '. »! •» \ *T I • 

• t I '* • 1 *, ' * 1"V • 

' ' > ' ' « It »11V»1« t 1 

- ■ » ( • ^ ,■» ^».>»l • ■ * 

\ ' 

|i, ..•.♦»t 4|«f(«|i, li*. ; <•• — wy 

.. i.h 4 fffwir** pi ' ii u i w , ar hi Ike 

IN «o*.i<.#4 ^ M«4r trm lighl, Tcr. 
•>.MM »iM«#« ^•itk Me mt4 imf^ « nimt. 

u,^7i,^t*4 ArtJ, fifp. U» forftu, wmi, 

n(.^»|«. Cam ) $mvtt*td, MnjfrvUeUd : 

»•(»♦.. hi !•«»* I. ! <>f !*»• «*y lifieUnid*!, 
• iuutUtftt (Uitr i o^Ui InvKttitt Minio, 

H-HtiMi, (^*« » <>f crthi»r IhlnRM : ucuU, 
itHf «»»*lMtH, (%. r Urr, Ut. Pwi. 
tff A tMill)*' ii«>«^ MpMrtl cu|4ii Martla 
ttlU ^tM, in Ih* iif»n .^rM, Ov. 8. 
A|«(>niM«i, I, n. «» "|*n «pttr«) ptr 
M|hhMhm ^ltfU•ollM, Hur. Ui ^'U- : 
••^HM^, <lH»r. »H<irf«f, Ai'«H4wt? Ilium ex 
Hi hIiU lti*hlHH in ii|w>rlutii Utmctiilam 

M|Ht(hi i4m>, (Ml li* W rMtr, HolMriMtf, 

«4Ht«tH UlunHU UHMttw nuuH«Hiu« In 

(Heocelt^apfw; Ft. 

Lncr.: 4mLaflmtn^'aL) 

aadth't AM. ai^) 


JrtoIicMii: tat 
apocletM Tocut, Liv. 

&pMttbiiiH. 1. »>= 

th« tmdn u iiig rw mt imm 


rame: •pologmn i 
faUe, Qpoloffm: 

&POPrOMlB8BOAt ■• w» < . , . 

fi^Mv, in tbe lai|. of the S«afca» lAot 
MiAieA ii Co 5e r^eefad, opp. to 

MMtMHI, Cic 

plttM «al<r« a (Aiiv it <•»< tip, a ak«y^ 

tlonAoMM^etc: tbe apocbecm In wlikli 

I tlie wine wm kei>t wac fai tbe vpper 

' part of tbe booee above tbe ftmiarfam 

, (Snttb't Ant. 18) : Gic. : neqne iUls «ut 

anotbeee procli intacta eat, ant peooa, 

llor. (>vbeQOt ItaL UMtgai Ft, bom" 


ippiriti (adp-X od». with ^rmt 
prtpm'atwm, $mmphiomai9 : opipare et 
ai^paraie edere et bibere, Clc 

ipp4ritIo (MSp-X ta^ /• C*PI»it>] 
« frv fm r im 0» prrparatiom (rare) app»> 
ratW iw^ttkitna manemm. Oc 

OpMtW (adp.). a. mn. AirL 
[»i> Or penma : ftrpand^ readjf : 
•MwraMa et Bedtotna ad causam ao- 
<c^ Ck. R. or tbings : wU tup. 
I^W^ 4mmb ewBibae tantnictior rebus 
r4 <^aar a ti»r^ 11 Htnoe vM^^it^/Ecait, 
«^<«M.nMi^p<a«Ht.- ladlappazateteii 

««^w««Mt^ 4f*f«B ec MBitfooiaa, Uy. 

a*nm v nl wi fa i Vtd nawi'ai it eo 
yvw mUnw 'OiWv *••••** ftm^ Id. : 

anm'**wv ti!«i | 

't*itws;w <m]itt «aK «kqpakatt «« I 
MK^^^ a«^.\ «tl»^ «.«.•. 



FL : 6qpB9 "**' ""*^ ma dsmerans, nir- 
•OS imandt, Oc With Dot: UMnris 
lUt, qoi SoUm appwoit faBmolantl, id. : 
aofosds inlmotBt atqas fortis 
t, mam ytmnttft opptar. Hot. 
appanns, opp. to lateos, vi$iUe, 
Ija pai ia Don apparenUa ob- 

^ K Or. m Rm ^nMU*^ •0(1 

«ore fheq. <»pert. ^iparet with 

mmd <Hf. or rcktf. doaMe: tt« /Mnp 

(«r A) t« cvMml, dior, uttmifai, oer- 
taia, &iAir jrrs ^atrcrw : apparel id 
ctfam caaoo, lir. : appuet aemun bane 
Maa dooiini pao p arii . Tar. And hj at- 
tnrttai Witt the mom. md Ii\f. as hi 
Or.l^A^«rT«: mranhianobiB iU data 
•ODt, at ad qnaadam ratkuMm vlTeadi 
~ I eiaa appareaat, Cic Or withoot 
fi^ : uparehat atxox cum pUbe 
1. dbcra MOt «l hamd a fitrct 
Lir. n. to anptagf a$ the 

^ t «f amifpSSUemeer» the prie$t 

^ • d«;iy, ele^ to oUmaL ttrvt (nn) : 
d apparitor : qonm appareret acdiUbui, 
Lir. : qoatnor et Tigbti Uciores i4>pa> 
not coQflollbos. id. 

a»-pftxi» (Adp-^ J. V. «• to gain, 
wuptirtf Locr. 

•MirltlO ("dP-X Onl». /• Tappareo 
«o. jj «er««oe. atffrfiMV; in lonfaap- 
paruoiM ringnlarrai fldein cognOTi.Cic. 
H. Maton.: doaKSfiet, aerwmto : 
" I apparitioaibaB, id. 

avpUItor T««^;). »rt^ ■»: C^l* 

(, aap. a piMo ttrvamt , 
_ _ j»Kei<, etc) : doi Fig. lit Ilctor 
DOB raae, sed tuae looltatie apparitor, id. 
(a. Stoith's Ant. m). 

llp.p(ro (Mip-)» *^ atum. X. V. a. 
to mporr or make nadp, tojkt otU,put 
*» mrdtr, p r w i dt , etc : omare et jVppa- 
nrt eonTivfDB, Cfe. : nnptias, Tcr. : 
battno, dc : Indoa magnlflcenHMimna, 
U.a0CTvai.Gaee. Withod: adboates 
keOon apparatnr, LIv. With tn: fai 
flmiiim apparabentnr crtmioa, tcicrt goi 
as af iwrf. CIc Fig. : nunc hoc coo- 
■Dtam ento et haoc fahdcam apparo, 
PL With in^. aa ol^ect : tr^jioere ez 
gteMaapparantem tenpeatates Inhibae- 
f«Dl, Suet. AbtoL : dam apparator, 
Tcr. With Ht : at erfperea, apparabas, 
PL Se apparara, with ii^.s qai aeee 

ailffTino («lp.). Soie,/. [appello] 
«i o i iiina i faf . nopamio : banc naetoe 
appanattrwria cannm, ttif cvportimtty 
^r<>J*cs*<iV. CMa. li Lrffil 1. 1^ 
em fveaJL to a trOntme for oMtManea, 
oai ^oa» ofie aMipMroM toamUkeritf 
ofMl or &4*«r nMlr: jmrnwolio and 
frvfoea of an ^ipeal to the popalus in 
a aattrr allbctlag Ufb (SoJth^s Ant 
79) : iateroeidt appellatio tribaooram. 
i c ad triboDoa, Clo. : aiipellatioD«n et 
tiftaaidiBB anxiUom. lAw. ||l. a 
aflMitiy. a eolttn^ dy liomet neqoe 
aooiaaaB oUomm Iniar eoa appeUatlo 
est PUn. Hawse, Melon.: «<mm, 
tOib: vohdt appeUatloQe baa inani 
Boliii caee par, Oe. IV. In Snm.* 
frwnmteiaHtm : anaritaa Tod^ at lenia 
fcfipcaada tHarvmn. etc. 


appeU&tor («dp.). oris. «». [id.] one 
who cqtpealtt an appukmt : Cic 

appillltO (adp.). I. v.freq. a, Ttd.] 
to fUHMe ffften, to be aecusloiiud to 
eaU or iMune : Mootem Caellnm tippA' 
litatam a Caele Vibenna, Tac 

ap-PtUo (adp.), pOU. palram, j. 
V. a. and n. to cb^ee, stone, or bring to. 
WlthadarJkU. : ad litora JaTeDcoa,C)T. 
Fig.: anlmum ad loibendnm appolit, 
affiioi Ma mktd to writing, Ter. 
H. Nautical 1. 1., to bring to laatd, 
to make ang ooaet, haven, etc. (verj 
freq.) Conitr. with aee. or oM. of 
naVis, claeala, etc, or in paas. with 
: and abiot. - - 

both act. and pa$$. 
1. With aee. or nam.: quam 
Fenae clmgia ad Delom appaUisent, 
etc: qoom ad viHam noatnun navis 
i^ipelleretnr, id. 2. In a aimllar 
lenae with oec. ofpenon: me vmtris 
deal i^ypolit oris, Vnrg. So pau.: alioa 
mllitea ad SldUam appolioe eaee, Oc 
And fig. : tlmide, taixiaam ad aliqaem 
Ubidinb Boopalom, lic toam mentem 
ad pbUoaopbiam appoUsti. you have 
directed pour mind towartUt id. 8. 
Wit%aM. : qoam Rhcgium oneraria 
nave i^ipoUaiet, Saet. A AbaoL: 
boc appelle, Hor. 5. In ^ ran a. : 
Oermanid triiemia Cbaocorom terram 
appolit, coNMi a^ure, Tac 

appallo (adp.). avi, atom, i. v. a, 
(jpetr. $ui^. i^ipellaaaiaaBappeUaTeria, 
Ter^, to eaU upon, neak to, oocoit ex 
addreti : aggrediar bominem, appel- 
labo, PL : appellat hilart Tultu homi- 
nera, Cic Auo, to addrees bg letter: 
crebris noa Uteris ^qtellato, id. ||. 
to entreatt imptenre : qoo aoredam, 
aut qnoa utpellem ? SalL 2. 
With aee. and de : to incite to aome- 
thing (bad): allqoam de proditiooe, 
Liv.: and without de: aliquem, Sen. 
Also, to applg for pagment, to dam : 
TnlUoIa toum monoscnlam llagitat,et 
me at qranaorem appellat, Cic HL 
Legal 1 1 : to appeal to, eqwdallr to a 
tribone for asautanoe, v. appellatio : 
procurator a praetor? tribanoe appellare 
aosusi id.: so appellare aoctores, to 
9Mote the authoritiea, Plln. 8. to 
aue, ocetoe, aummon: ne alU plectao* 
tur, alii na appellentur qnidem, Ok. 
IV . to name or ooU, to entitle : ne 
me appella lalso nomine, PL : ^wr- 
tace, quern enim te potius i^pellem? 
dc V. ^PE!.^''^'* literas, to pro- 
noamce: id. fTbers arc three verbs, 
appellare, compellare, inteipellare, in 
whidi pM meana apeak.'] 

apptndAO, ▼. appendo. 

appenfieUa. ae, /. dto». / [appen- 
dix j a amalt appendage : Cic 
Appendix. Ids, /. [appendo] theU 
which hamga to anything, an append^ 
age i hence |L on addition, aupple- 
ment: vldit enim ^ppendicem aiumi 
case ootpos, CIc: ^>pendlcea Olcadum, 

ap-pendo (adp.), endl. ensnm, j. 
V. a. (Undred with uypendeo, ire), to 
«ef^ to: aurom alicai,Clc Fig. : non 


verba ma annumerara lectori putavi 
oportere, aed tanqnam appendeie, to 
haoe regard not to their number, but 
their weight, dc 

(adp.), a, um. Pari, [ap- 

avpitom (adp.\ entla. Part [ap- 
poVajatriving paaaionately after, eager 
fori with Gen. : appetens glorias atque 
avidus landis, Cic ||. graaping, ava- 
rieioua: homo nan cu{rfdu8, neqoa ap> 
patens, id. 

ap^tenter (adp.). adv. eagerly, 
greamy: na cupide quid agerant, na 
appetenter, Cic 

appitentibt (adp.), ae,/. [appetens] 

a Umging after, appetite : dbi, Plln. : 

libido eflhmatam (effldt) umetentiam, 
Cic / -1-1- . 

appltltle (adp.), Onis,/. Tappeto] 
a graaping at : soils, Cic ||. Fig. : 
a pa aaion ate longing for, deaire : aliral, 

appitttnf (adp.), a, urn. Part [ap- 

appitltUi (adp.), Qa, «». on onaet, 
attack: Amm. ||. Fig.: a paa- 
aionate, eager Umging or deiire : volnp- 
tatls,Cic i'a««tofiorde«trf,asaf)scal^ 
of the soul : id. 

ap-pitO (adp.), Ivi or U,Itum, j. e.o. 
and ft. (in poetry rare). A. «•«. tego 
to, appnroadi, arrive at : Europam, Cic. 
And of thtoga without life : Tbule. 
quam hactenus nix et hiems SMMtebat, 
only amno and froat approadud, Tac 
U. to aeek or graap after: solem 
manibus, CIc 1||. to oMack aa an 
enemy, to faU or aeiae upon, aaaaU : 
fllii vita infeata, saepe ferro atque in- 
ddiis appetita. Id. JV. F4g.: to 
atrive after eagerly, to long for : ami- 
dtiam, Caes. : allium, Pharar. B. 
*. n. to draw on or nigh, to approach 
(only of time) : diea i^ipetebat, Caea. 

ap-pillgO (adp.), |. V. a. to potiU 

Qvery rare): delphlnnm silvts ap* 

t fiuctibos aprum, Hor. Also, to 

; add by writing : sppinge aliquid 


ap-plando (adp.), d, sum, 1. v. a. 
to urtke upon, to clap: cavis wplanao 
corpora palmis, Ov. If. to dap the 
handa %n apprcibiUiee^ to appCand: 
cui generi dviom maxlme applandatnr? 

applauittl (•4>). •> am. Part, [ap- 

appuo&tito (adp.). Onia./. [applloo] 
Lit: a binding on, a joining to : 
henoe, fig. : appUcatlooe anbnl,a bend- 
ing or inidineUum of the mind, dc 

applMtni (a(q>.)> »* nm. Part. 
[applico] lying upon or doae to, aU 
Ituked to : Leucaa colli appllcata, Liv. 
H. Fig.: inclined or actoptod to, 
dMiectod to: omoe animal applicatam 
eon ad se dillgeodum, indined to ae^f* 
love, dc 

appUdtui (•<)?•)• <^ am* '*<'^ [fP- 
plicotlyinff upon or dose to, flff g ca s d 

to: nin.: QuiuL 

ap-pUoo (adp.), avl and uL atum 





and (later) Mam, i.v.a, (tb« perf. up- 
pUctd appears to have first become pre- 
xmleot in the time of Ctc, but he ft«- 
qoentlr naes appUcavf) [pUoo] : to 
Join, fatten, or aUack to: to plic* at 
or near, etc (very fivaorat, eq>. in 
fig. aigDif. and in more elevated style). 
Mnfth ad, more rareij with Dot. : ratem 
(jc. rati) anplicane, liv. : te ad arbores 
l^)pUcant, lean against, Ca/e^ : flomini 
castra, Liv. 1|. Fig.: to ctmmect 
vriik, to add to : ut ad booestatem ap- 

1>Ucetar volnptas, Clc %. to direct 
ntenUy towardtj to apfitjf, detote to : 
3dlia se ad amicltiam HttoiqiM popali 
Romani uiplica^it, id.: ae ad philoao- 

Ehiam, ad Jns civile, ad eloqnentiam, 
L 8. Crimen aliod, to charge one 
with a crime: Plin. |||. Nautical 
t. t^ Navem appUau«, or absoL ap- 
pUcari, and as v. ti., to steer a Aip to- 
wards, to bring to land: ad Heraenm 
naves appUcoit, Liv. : Ceae telluris ad 
oras appUcor, Ov. : qnae vis immanibos 
applittt oris, bring you, Virg. : Medea 
<>eteb regicmibas applkat angues, Ov. 

ftP-pldrO ("dP')* *^» I* *' **• t^ de- 
vlore, weep at: querebar applorans tlU, 

ap-pSno (adp.), posfii. pMtom. i. 
V. a. ^perf. appoeivl, V\. ; cf. pooo) to 
put, or lay at, near, or by the side of, 
to apply to,eic.'. ^^^lone hie mensolam, 
PL : omnes colmnnae machina i4>posita 
d^Jectae, Clc : scalls wpodtis urbem 
defenderant, Liv. Of the putting on 
of anything : cur tarn appoaita velatur 
janna lauro, Ov. ||, to serve up, 
put on tke table: appoaita sit coena, 
PL: appoenit pateluun, Cic |||. 
With ace. and dot.: to appoint to 
any service or duty, to Jmn as an 
assistant : accosator iqiponltur dvts 
Romanna, id. : moderator et maglster 
oonsulibus apposltus, Liv. |y. to 
add to, superadd (rare) : aetas illi, 

Sioa tibi dempeerit, ^ponet annoa, 
or. y. With a <ia<. of the effect: 
to put dmm as, reckon, or consider 
(very rare) : aliquid locro, id. 
, Apporreotos (•dp), *. tmj, Part. 
[ad and porrectusj str^jckedot extended 
near: draco, Ov. 

ap-POrtO (<ulp.), avi, atom, I. V. a. 
tooarry, bring, convey to: dlvitias do- 
mnm, PL : slgna populo Romano, (^c 

ap-potOO r<^P*\ I- V. a. to demand 
in addUum (rare) : Ter. : Hor. 

appMti (adp.), ado, pertinently, 
appropriately : (Ucere af^KNdte ad per> 
tnaslonero, Oc 

appMttlU (adp), «, um. PaH. put 
or amiiied to. Prop, of place : a^. : 
situated at or near to, contiguous. 
yy\th Dat. : castellum fluniini app., 
Tac. Fig. : audacia fldentiae noo con- 
trarltmi, sed i^ipositum ac proptnquun, 
Cic l|, ft. suitalie, appropriate, 
ctc With ad: ager ad vitem appo> 
situs, Varr. : menses ad agendum max- 
Imeapp., do. 

ap-pfltoi (Adp), *, «m. «4f. drunk, 
intoxicated, PI. 

ap-prtOOr (adp.), i. v.dep. towor* 
skip, pray to: rite l)eos, Hor. 

ap-pr&endo (poet, apprendo}. dl, 
sum, ]. r.a. to seise, take hold </: 
aliquid manu, PI. So of einbraeing, 
etc : mannm oaculandi caosa, Suet 
2. to seise hostUdy : apprebendere 
Hlspanlas, Oc ||. Fig. : Of dis- 
course : to bring forwird, aUege: quid- 
quid ego ^>prehenderam, stAtim aocu- 
saior extorquebat e manlbos, id. 

apprenao, ^^ a]^>rehendo. 

appHmd (adp.! odv, especiaUy, 
very: app. nobilia, PI. 

ap-pnmo (a^^*)* c"^* Msnm, i.v.a. 
to press to (rare): ad ossa camcs, Plin.: 
aliquid peolori. Tac 

ap-pi1miis («dp.), ^vm,ad[.by 
far the first: floeapprtma tenax,Virg., 
rat the best editt. have ad prima. 

apprSb&Uo (•dp.X Onia, /. [ap- 
proDoj an approving, assentii^ to, ap' 
probation : id vulgl aasensu et p(^l«1 
approbatiooe jndicari solet, (ac. ||. 
jniqf, confirmation : approbatio as- 
stmiptionis, proqf qf tke tsUnor pre- 
miss id* 

apprSbfttor (««lp.), Ws. w.*[id.] 

one uAo gives his assent or approval 
(rare): Ctc 
apprSbS (adp.), adv. verywetl: PL 
ap-pr5bo (■#•)• *A atum, i. v. a. 
to approve, assent to. favour : id fluna 
^>probat, Ter.: iMponea clamore do- 
num approbantes, Liv. : oratlooem ap- 
probant, Caea. ||, to prove, demon- 
strate, estabUsk, justify : inuooentiam. 
Tac III. to do according to one's 
liking or satitfactorUy : opus appro- 
bavit, Phaedr. 

aP-prOmittO («dp-). h »• «• to pro- 
mise in cuidition : uc 

ap-pr6p8ro (.•dp.), avl. atum. i. 
«. a. and n. Act. : to hasten, accelerate : 
opus ^>properatum est, Liv. ||. 
Neutr. to hasten, hurry; eum, nt sip- 
pToperet. adhorteris, Cic. 

appropinqn&tlo (adp.), snis, /. an 

approoA (In Vme), drawing near (yerj 
rare) : mortis. Cic 

ap-prtpinquo («dp.), avi. atum, i. 
v.n. to approaehy come, or draw near 
to. Of place : ad summam aqiiam, Cic. 
With Dat. : flnibus Bellovaoorum, Caes. 
Fig. : oenturionea. qui jam primls or- 
dinmus appropinonahant, were near 
obtaining, id. ||. Of time : |amque 
hlema appropinqu^bat, id. 

ap-pnfno (adp.X i. v. a. to fgM 
against, attack, assault : castra, Tac 

apPUlfUl (a^^O' a* ^'^t ^<>*^' [ap* 

appnlffOt (adp.), lis, m. [i. appell 
lit. a driving to: oenoe, H. ^ ^ 
ing, bringing to land : ab littorum 
pulsu arrere, Liv. |||. an o^ 
ing, approaA, in gen. : pars terrae ap- 

{ralsn soils exarsit, Clc. |V. an effect, 
v^fluence causfd by approach : f rigorls 
et calpris appulsus aentire, id. 

apriofttio, »nl8, /. [aprlcor] a bask- 
ing in the sun (very rare) : Qc 
apxidtaii &tii* /. [apricus] i umii- 

neu, sunshine: rq^lo aprldtatis lit* 
dutae, PUn. 

apxfoor, f • «• dep. [id.3 to «tm ene- 
se^ bask in tke sun : Alexander oflb- 
cerat Diogenl apricanti, Cic 

Aprfens, », «». adj. lying open, «m- 
covered: qui tullt aprico friglda caatra 
Lare, under the open sky. Prop. Q. 
carpoted to the sun, sunny: lod opad an 
^>rid, (Tic Also subst. i4irlcum, i, n, 
a sunny spot : boxus amat aprica, Plin. 
Fig. in apricom proferre, to 6nfi0 to 
light: Hor. 2. Me ton. of objecta 
exposed to the sun : arbor, Ov. : llores, 
Hor. [Apricus is <mp. to opacus, and 
may possibly oome mm aperio : term, 
-icia, as in ant-ieus, post^icus.^ 

apiilil, ia [oontr. of aperllta, trota 
aperio jTorig. a4j.; se, mensis) m. the 
month Apru (as the month in whidk 
the earth opens for the erowth of 
plants) : mense Aprili atque Maio, Clc 

aprtLnus (also written ^rdnns), a, 
um, adSTTepenpertaining to the wOd 
boar: callum, PL 

apt&tUi, a* am. Part, [aptol adapted 
to, suitable, appropriate : vermmi apt^ 
turn ad aliquid. Ck. 

aptt, odv. etosdji, ftty, suitably: 
mumU corpus apte ocnaeret, Cic 

aptO, a^* atum, i. v. a.freq. to JU, 
apply, put on, a4jmt, etc with Dat, : 
vincula coUo, Ov. ||. In gen. : to 
prepare, get ready, fianish, etc With 
dot., ad, or absol. : aptare Idone* bello. 
Hor. : ad p\ignam classcm, Liv. .- i^>tare 
classem veils (AbL). to furnish with 
sails, Virg. : ut qdsque se aptaverat 
armis, had armedhimM^, Liv. £Root 
AP: V. aptuB.] 

aptu, a, um. Part, and adj. : ftted, 
attached to : gladium e lacunari seta 
equina aptumdemitdjussit, Cic Fig.: 
ex alic^ua re b= pendens ex allqua re, 
dqpendmg on, ansingfrom : honestum. 
ex quo aptum est oflldmn, id. Also 
without ex : vitA apta virtu te peifrni, 
id. Poet.: in aliquid: changed into: 
fonnas Deus aptus in omnes, (h. 

II. bound or tied together, connected, 
etc : fadlius est aptft dlssolvere qnam 
disetpata connectere, Cic Poet, with 
Abl. : endowed or furnished uith : coe* 
lum stellis fulgentlbus aptum, Vlrs. 

III, suitable, appropriate, adapted: 
with ad or dat. (of persons alwaya 
with dat.) : castra ad bellum duceodum 
aptisdma, Caes. : non omnia rebua sunt 
omnibus apta, Lucr. With im : in quod 
(genus pugnae) minime apti sunt, Liv. 
With qui : nulla videbatur aptlor per- 
aona, quae de aetate loqueretur. Ctc 
Poet with Ii\f.: aetas mollis et apta 
regi, Ov. AbsoL: lar aptus. an ad* 
ouate possession, Hor. : aptus exerdtns. 
infghting order, Uv. : tempus aptum. 
the right time, id. [Aptus is a participle 
trcm root ap, " go to,^' and hence " ob> 
tain :*• v. apiscor, adiiriscor.] 

&p1id, pr(*^, ^ui ace. (also aput. 
Inscr.) near, at, by, with, always uf 
rest, Md princ^Mlly of persons. |. 
Of peiBons : quum In lecto Crassua 




et iqrad earn SalplduB sederet, 
Gc 8. Apod me. t«« k, etc.. at the 
h»mm«f: ajnA me domi, Ter. So, in 
Cftr ommtrp of. anumg the peopU qf a 
mM^am: apod Dostitw JosUtU culta eit, 
Cle. Howe. 8. Fig., with a per* 
noal pronoiui : to be in on^i aeneet, 
mot wanderimg in mind (onlf oonver- 
atkmal): tmnne ego apod me? PI. 

4. oefofe, in the pretence of si co- 
nm : apud Jodices reus est tKtus. CIc. : 
Cteasr apod miliies condonatur, Caes. 

5. tn <A« mt'iMl tff a pervm : apad 
vires booos gratiam oonsecnti somas, 
etc S, ^ the time of: haec apud 
m^fores noatroa factitata. id. 7. **• 
nihort : apod XeD(4>boiitem autem 
noriens Cyras mi^ haec dldt, id. : 
apod Sdooem, t. c. in his lata, id. 

8. loatead of the Dat. (rare) : sa- 
criiicaise apod deoa, Tac ||. Of 
places (rarely): at, near, in: nos 
apod Alysiam onam diem commoratl 
onnu. CIc : apod oppidom moratl, 
Caea. |l|. For ad implying motion : 
uqae apod banc eo vidnum, PL Apod 
i^ aooiedmea placed after its sobst.: 
If iseoam apod et Ravennam, Tac 

Iqna, ae (aqufi, Lucr.). /. trater fai 
ptu : ex terra aqua, ex aqua oritor aer, 
Cfax Pacrtfcolar phrases : 1. Praebere 
aqoam. to imvile to a feast, to entertain 
(rram the use of water at table for 
vartdng and drinkinff). Hor. 2. 
Aatiam a ap e r ge r e aUcoi. to ammofe. 
T^rtA : PI. 8. Aquam liberam, ser- 
Tsm bCbere, to be in freedom, in ila- 
^erjf. Or. 4. In aqoa scribere, sp' 
pttod to rain or resultless actions, Cat. 
1^ Aqoa et ignis, to denote the 
aeoesaaries of life : non aqua, non Igni. 
at atnnt, ptoribos lods otimur qoam 
amidtia, Ck. Hence aqua et igni in- 
•ndicere aUcoi, to exeliMb from ciril 
$oeietv, to banish, id. So the bride, 
on the day of marriage, received from 
the bridqptxnn aqoa et Ignis as a symbol 
ol^their unloo: r. Smith's Ant. 171. 
6w Aquam et terram petere, from 
an cocmy, to demand submission, lAr. 
Q. uHiter, In a more restricted 
imsc. X. the sea: ooge, at ad aquam 
tiU froaentam Knoenaes metlantor.on 
Ae sea^oooMt, CIc 2. o. haite: AU 
banae Aqoae deductio, Id. 8. a stivam, 
a rixtr: in Tutcae gnrgite mersus 
sqoae, i. e. the Alhnla, Or. 4. v^in •' 
eomlx sogor aquae, Hor. 5 In the 
plur. : mtdieinaX sprinps : ad aquas 
renirt, CIc Hence, often as the name 
of a place. Aquae Sextiae, etc. 6. 
the water in the crater-clock. Hence 
the pbrasej: aquam dare, to give the 
adtoeate time for speaking, PUn. : 
aquam perdere, to spend time un- 
froUatif, to vaste it : Qnlnt. : aqua 
Wfec, thM water stnps, to denote a 
dUBcoity in explainlDg one's meaning : 
Cfc. 7. Aqua interens, the drt^y: 
■wBeaaientam ad aquam intercntem. 
Qc (Hence, Fr. eau, than old Fr. 

i«BMd»Otlll> fts> "S •«pv. aquae 

ductus, a oonveyanoe of vxUer, a con- 
duit, an aqueduct : Cio. Also, the right 
cfamducHng water: id. 

&Q1l&lilt Of a4/> [aqualpertotntnj^ 
to waler: nubes aquaies, V arr. ||, 
Aqnalis, is, oomai. (jsc. uroens or hama), 
a vessd for washing, a basin, ewer: 

&4Il&rIllSt *» ™°Bf ^' C^-l of or 
relating to water : rota, a wnea for 
drawing toator, Cato : provinda, super* 
intendence of the supply of wuier, Cic. 
II. Sobst., Aquarius, ii, ». a waiter- 
carrier : veniet conductus aquarius, Ju v. 
2. an inspector qf the conduits or 
waUr-pipes : cum tabemariis et aquarils 
pognare, CoeL in Qc 8. the water- 
bearer, one of Ihe signs of the Zodiac : 
Inversum ooatristat Aquarius annum, 

&Q1l&tieiUt A> nm, adj. [id.] found 
in or by the water, aquatic : avea, 
waterfowl, Plln. , ||. watery, moist, 
humid : Aoster, Ov. 

ftqufttiOiSt «f a4;- V^l found in 
or near water, aqtuUic : Tesclmur bea- 
tiis et terrenis et aqualUtbus et vo> 
latilibos, Cic Subst.. AquatiUa, n. 
plu. aquatic anitnals : Piin. ||. 

havin/f ,a watery taste, waterish : sunt 
aqoadles cucnrUtae, kL 

&qil&tl0t Onis,/. [aquor] a fetching 
qf water: aquatlonis causa prooedere, 
Caes. II. a place whence water is 
brought, a watering-place: hie aquatic, 

&Qa&tor> Oris, m, [id.] a water- 
comer: Caes. 

&qillla« *e, /. an eagle: nee im- 
bellem fsroces progenerant aquilae co- 
lumbam, Hor. : in poetiy. Uu light- 
ning4>earer of JupUer, Plln. Prot, 
aqnilae senectus, a ieigorou* dd age, 
Ter. II. the oagle, cu the principal 
standard qf a Itoman legion (while 
signa are the standards of the cohorts). 
V. Smith's Ant 341: aqulla argentea, 
etc. : aqulUfer aquilam intra vallum 
prqjedt, Caes. Hence roeton.: a to- 
gion: Lucan. |||. In architecture, 
aquilae, the timbers which formed 
the pediment qf a temple, and were 
called aquilae from their ¥* semblance 
to an eagle ufiUt outspread wings : sus- 
tinentea fastigium aquilae, Tac ly. 
the name of a constellation : Cic. 
(Hence, Fr. atgle.) 

fiQUnifer* <^t m. [aqulla fero] an 
eagU- or staindard4fearer ; the ehi^ 
centurion qf a legion : Caes. 

&QIlilInilli *» nm, adij. ^aqnfla] 
pertaining to the eagle, aguUtne : on- 

tJuvaSlo* Bnls, m. the north Wttd.* 
AeoUls aquUouem cUudit in antris, Ov. 
In plur. CIc Me ton. for the North: 
spelunca oonversa ad aquilonero, id. 

&qTlIldS&riBt c. <^7- [aqulio] nortk- 
erly, northern: regio turn aquilonarto 
turn australis, Qc 

&qilllll8* *t um, at^. dark-coUnered, 
dun, swarthy (rare) : colore muUo. PI. 

iqUOTf fttus, I. V. dcy. [aqua] to 

bring or fetek water (a miliU 1. 1.) : 
aquabanturaegro.Caes. Poet, of bees: 

&Q1ldf1l8t *• nm, ad^. [id.l abounding 
in water, humid, rainy : hlems. rainy 
winter, Vlrg. : nobes, rainrdouds, Ov. : 
languor, the dropsy, Hor. : mater, t. e. 
Thetis, Ov. : Aqooaua Piads, a oontte^ 

&qil1ila, ae, /. dim. [id.] a little 
water, a small stream (rare) : non se- 
clusa aliqua aquula, sed universum 
flumen, CIc 

UTi au old form for ad, q. v. 

ixkf ae, /. (old fonn asa) : orlg. any 
eleoatton (of wood, stone, earth, etc.) : 
ara sepalcxi, Vlrg. 2. a tomltstone, 
Cic II. an elevation for sacrifices, 
etc., an altar: aras sanguine multo 
spargere, Lucr. : ara oondita atqne di« 
cata, Liv. One who took an oath laid 
hold of the altar : hence, qui si aram 
tenens Juraret, crederel nemo, Cic. : 
arae et foci, altars and hearths, me* 
ton. fbrAoin« (fVom the altars to the 
Penates, erecttKi in dwelling bouses) : 
hence, pro arts et fods pognare, tofght 
for ones dearest possessions : de vestria 
ooi\|ugibas ac liberis, de «1s ac fods, 
decernite, Qc. Criminals and others 
fled to the altars for safety: Priamum 
qnum in aram confugLsaet, hostilis ma- 
nus interemit, id. Hence, ||l. Fig., 
protection, r^uge, shelter : ad aram 
l^um confbgere. Id. |y. the Altar, 
a constellation in the southern part of 
the heavens: flato permolcet ipiritus 

&r&n8ai •*. /• [«p«x»^] « »pidcrt 
antiquas exercet araoea telas, Ov. ||. 
Meton.: aspider'su?^,cobweb: (aedes) 
oppletae araneis, PI. (Hence, ItaC 
aragna ; Fr. araign^ ; cf. also Ital. 
ragnatela, " cobweb.") 

Ir&ll80la« »e, /. dim. [aranea] a 
smalt spider: dc 

&r&2L6dslll> *> nm. a4f. [araneum] 
fu'l qf svideri wd>S : situs, Ckt. 

ftrftneuilli i, n. a spider^s toebr 

ftrftnilUi 1, M. [ap^X*^] a ipukr : 
Lucr. (Hence, ItoL ragno.) 

irftlUhu. a, um. a4f. [araneus] per* 
taining to the spider: araneum genus, 

ir&tito, Bnis, /. [aro] a pUmghing, 
and in gen. the cultivation of the 
ground, agriculture : at qua^tuosa 
mercatura. fhictooaa aratio dkitur, Cic. 
II. Meton.: arable land: arati- 
ones, (Ae public farms or plots qf land 
farmed out for a tenth qf the produce, 

irfttitimelUa. ", /. dim. [araUo] 
a small arable field, or a small ettaie: 

ftrfttOFt OrU, M< [*n>] o ploughman, 
husbandman, farmer : neque Jam sta« 
bulls gaudet pecus aut arator Igni, Hor. 
Also adj. : taurus arator, Ov. ||, 
Aratores. the cultivators of public lands 
for a tenth of the yntdvct: aratorum 
penuria, Soet. 





ftrfttrom, i, ». [id.] a »loi^ (of its 
oooBtmctkn, «(c^ ▼. SUitfa's Ant. }v 
9eq.): nncos anUil, Lncr. 

■rUter, tn, m. [« (ad), and the 
foot BIT, "to come," or •* go"! one who 
eomet to a plaee, a vi$itor, intruder : 
ab arbitris remoto looo, im a $pot tafe 
^rom «M imirwdert^ Gfc. : a ipeetator, 
iuarer, an eye-iKttien, a uriliieM.* re* 
iDotIs axMtris, id. ||. Le^ftl t.L an 
umptrtf arbiter, a jmige Tone who de- 
cides ftoc. to eqail7, wliue the jndat 
decides soe. to strict Law) : yicinl noetri 
hie ambigant de flnibui: me cepere 
arMtram, Ter. : Caesar ooostitiiit nt 
arUtrl darentor ; per eoa flerent aesti- 
■utioDes, Gaea. Fig.: arbiter inter 
antiqnam Academiam et ZenoDem, Glc : 
pognae, the jwdae, umpire of the con- 
teU, Hor. |||, he who gowema or 

Fffetf a lord, matter: arbiter im- 
AugostusX Ov. : annonun (Mars), 

ftrbitorinoit ▼• aibitrimn. 
■rbttrat •»» /• [aitlterl a fmaie 
wUneu: arUtrae Noz et Duuia, Hor. 
■rbitrixIOf a<i*« ^"^ mu certa intif: 

arbhrtlim, «. vm, a«^. [arbiter] 
uneertainj not fimed: hoc certom est, 
Qon arbitrarlvm, PL 

trbltr&tlll, tls, m. rsrfoitror] an 
artitratwg, an arbitraUon : si quid 
domiBiis emptor! damni dederit, Yhi 
boni arUtrata resolvetur, Cato. ||. 
will, pteature^ choice, aeeieUm: meo 
arbltratu loquar Ubere, PI. Wi di- 
rection, snperintendenee : oomiSenn 
oporteLcoJns arUtratu sit edncaUia, Clc 

&rb»rill2ll (sometimes artriterinm), 
ii. n. ^lidterl a being pretent, pro' 
tenoe, ||. the ptdament or deeman 
of am ar&ifrator : aUnd est Judicium, 
luiod arbitrium : Judicium est pecuniae 
oertae: arbitrium incertae, Qc. |||, 
In gen. : an arMtra<Mi0, a $entence, 
deeMon : quorum (prindpum) ad arbi- 
trium Judidumque summa onmium re- 
rum conaiUorumque redaat, Caes. |V. 
will, mattery, aominion, authoritf: 
Bellovad ae sno nomine atqus arMtrio 
cum Romania bellum gesturos dicerent, 
on (A«»r otm aocoiNil and at their own 
pieatmt, id. V. Aibitria ftmeris, the 
expentu <tf afwneral, Clc. 

■rlntrOt >re, ▼. arMtror, od^n. 

trHtrori «tu8, i. «. dep. rarbiter] 
I. Orlg. : to fibterre, perceive, hear: 
dlcto alicH)us. PL H. Usf^ 1. 1. (cf. 
arbiter no. 2) : lo mate a dedtion^oive 
judgment or tenlenca: hence, fldem 
alicui arbitrari, lo put faith in. Id. 
|||. Also legal t.t,to give emdenee, 
tett\fy, dedam on^t opinion : quaero 
de te, arbitrerisne C Semproniom con- 
iulem In tempore pi^nam Iniisae. Uv. 
IV. In gen. : to be of opinion, to 
bdieve, think: arMtratus id bellum 
celerlter oonflei poase, Caes. V. ^*^- 
Ibrm, arbitro, are : te rt arbitrarem di»> 
man, VL S. Arbitror in pass, aignv. 
(rare): qmun ipse praedoDum sodus 
arbitraretur, dc 

■rbOTt Bris (older Ibrm arboa, lilra 
laboa, colos, hooos, <<e. Hence ooc 
▲rbossm), /. a tree. Poet.: arbor 
JoTis, the oak, Ov. : arbor Phoebi, the 
lamtl, U. : arbor PaUadia, l*e oUk, id. 
II. Meton. for tkingt made <ff 
wood. 1. a matt, with or wlUiout 
mail: adveraique Inflgltur arbwe mall, 
y^' S. on oar : centenaque txhon 
flocMis Terberat assurgena, id. S. a 
thip: Huyxeam petilt PeUas arbor 
orem, the thip Argo, Oy. 4. Arbor 
infiBHx, a gaUowt, gibbet : caput obDU- 
biio, arborl biftUol suspendito, Cic. 

arbMrIllS« «. nm, wl^. [arbor] 
pertai$iing to trtet: arboraria ndz, a 
kn^e for pruning treet, pato. 

tmreiut », ""». «V- [w.] jwtain- 

ingtoa tree: arboreae Ihxides, Ov. 

arbot, ▼. •rbor. 

arbuoiUaf •«. /. *«. [arbor] a 
tmall tree, ^irub: Vwr. 

ttbuitlllllt ^ *** [coQtr. fWun arbo- 
setum, from arbos as arbor, Uke vlrgul- 
tum tnaa vlivnletnm, ealictum from 
salioetom, ctcj a plantation, a vine- 
yaird ptamted with treet (wltlle vinca 
was one in which the vine lay upon the 
earth, or was si^iported by poles) : ex- 
preaaa arbosto regerit oonvida, aimtive 
language that twiacbedqf the vinejfard, 

■rhnstaft *» nm, <idfj. [ari»r or 
arbos -tns] jrfanled with trtet : ager, 

arbfitihlft a, um, otff. [arbutus! of 
the wild at r a wbaru ^t v e or airbuiut : 
foetus, Ov.: crates, Vlrg. 

■rbfttuaii i. n. [id?) the fruU of 
the wild ttrawbisny-tree or orbnlua, the 
wUdttrmwberry: glandes atqne arbuta, 
Lncr. 11. Meton.: for aniutus, the 
wild tlrawbeny4fte OT arbutut : Jubeo 
frondentia c^rls arlmta snfilcere, that 
you give the goatt a tupply iff arbutut- 
sAooet, Yirg. 

■rbfttUf U /• [pnh. ooonected with 
arbor, since the arbutus abounds in 
Italy] the wHd ttrawberr y - tree or or* 
butut : viridi membra sub arbulo stra* 

treSf M» /• a place for helping any 
thing, a chett, ttrona bom, coffer: ex 
ilia olea arcam esse uctam eoque con- 
ditas aortee, Clc Hence meton. like 
our purse, for (ke money in it : arcae 
nostrae confldito, rely upon my purte, 
kL 2. o c(#M.* in altera (area) Nu- 
mam PMnpUram aepultum esse, Liv. 
II. Meton. fbr anydooed or con- 
flnii^ place : a elate priton, a cell : 
(Servi) in aroas ooi^idnntuvne <1^ 
cum iu coUoqni posslt, Clc ^rom the 
same root as arceo, ** to endoee," ^ 

trmiiO* ode. in tearet, privatdy: 
Domitiua aroano cum panda fSunUiarl- 
bus suia eoUoquitnr, Caes. 

areilUiai a. um, odf. [area]. Lit : 
thut up,cUmd: |. Of things : tecret, 

Civate, hidden, ooneealed : coosUbL^ 
V. : fontla arranl aqua, Tac Esp. of 
things sacred and n^ysterlous: aroana 

qoum flunt aacra, Hor. : and by poet. 
Uorase transf. to the deity preadiiig 
over such mysteries : qui Cocris sa- 
crum volgarit areanae, id. H* ^ 
peraoDS: that keept a tecret, trutty: 
dixlsti arcaoo sstia. PL Fig. : omnia 
arcana nocte.petita, m sOsnl night, Ov. 
m^Subat.: arcanum, i,n. a seerrt, 
a myaiery : areani Fidea prodiga. Hor. 

aroiOi cui, a. V. a. to thut up, to MH 
eloae. L Alvus aroet ei cootfaiei 
quod ledpU, Oc H. to teq» or Aold 
^, to keep <U a di rt a n ce, to prewnL 
Constr. : the word representing whai 
is lupt off is put fai the ooc. (or nost. 
to the pott.): that which ia guarded is 
represented by the abl. dther with or 
without ab : poet., also by the dot.; 
and aometimea it is notexpreaaed ataU. 
Sometlmea also the oonatr. la reversed; 
that whldi ia Icept off bdnc represented 
by the aM., and that wfaldb la guarded 
I7 the ooc L With aoe. only: 
somnos ducere et aroere, Ov. With 
Ii\f, aa ol^ : to binder, prevent: quae 
(acta) clamor ad aures arcuit Ire meas, 
id. S. With ab: tu Ju^titer hunc a 
tuis arls oeteriaque tempUa aroebis, Ck. 
Z, With the afanple obL (not with 
peraons): Virglnlam matipooaa sacris 
arcuerant, Liv.: aroeor aria, Ov.: ali- 
qucm Ainesto vetemo, t. s. to protect^ 
guard, Hor. 4. With dol. .* oestrum 
pecori. Virg. fTht root abo means 
** to keep, cover," and so, ** ward off, 

areeilltUi *. «>». PoW. [aree^ol. 

imOlllTtTll. A** *"• U^J ^ taUwg 
for,tummont (very rare; only in the 
ahl. ting.) : quum ad eum Ipdus ro- 
gatu arceasitnaue veniasem, Cic 

areeMOt I^l Itum, j. «. a. (inf. also 
aroeasire and aroeaairi, like laosMirl in- 
stead of laoensi : we ajao find in aoma 
MS8. and edit, an erroneous form, ac- 
oerao, whidi arose from a txanspoaltloB 
of letters, f^uentlv used by SalL) 
to aend/or,/e<cA, ooll, suMsien .* quum 
ab arairo aroesaebantur, qui consoles 
flerent, Clc : ex oootinoiti alioa fabroa 
arceasiii (or aroesai) Jnbet, Caea. H, 
Legal 1. 1. to tummtm, arraign b^ort 
a court ef Juttioe : hence, in gen. 
to aocMte, iiform againtt: with ooc 
and pen. or obL : ut hunc hoc Judido 
aroeaseret, Cic: capitis aiceasere, id. 
IU. Of mental ol^ects: to brin«. 
teek, derive a thought, etc : ex medto 
rea aroeasere, Hor. Hence arceasitns: 
farfetched, forced, unn at ural : caven* 
dnm est, ne aroeaaitum dictum puletnr, 
that em exprettion may not be thought 
forced, Clc [The suffix eu appears to 
have been added to simple verba, the 
roots of which end in a cons, or t: 
hence capeasere, l^om cap or ci^ji ; Ca- 
oeasers. from fae or fad, etc, Tbow 
must, tu e ieftw a, have been an old vwrt>, 
ar<ioaKao-do, seen in deo : cf. ar>vena 
with ad-vena, ar beiiw equividokt to 

arohTn&tfrMt l. m. >■ ifixi^Uyvti- 

pet : a dii^cook, Jov. 




« nafta- kmlder, arekUect: FL Fig. : 

n^ttwUVf A^ !• «• <^P> rirchi- 
tecti»3 to tetU. eofutrtfct. faBricaU 
(▼cfy rare). n. Fig*: tocbpi«e,tn- 
T«i<: votaptatM, Gfc. 

UvUtaetftTA. ae. /. [arcfaitoctns] 
S^mri9f tmOditu, «irtkittctitre t Cic. 

matitrtmader, ankiteei: Rillo archi- 
teotoB, Oc H. Fig. : an tii«ml«r, 
r, OMihor: prinoeM atqnt archi- 

I, cods, m.««Axw(* ruler). 

Urn kig k nt moftftrole tn rqmUiocm 
Acne, A1K wxMn * Glc. 
MtilrtilHHM (tn MSB. abo «rqait»- 
eas, like afqans for airciift, qaur for 
r,etc.X «itlk» a4;. [arciu teneo] hold' 
im0ah9w,bow-UttHmg. A poeL epithet 
of Apollo sad of Dtaoa: Ov. ||. 
A comteltoHoo : tUanktr: Clo. 

Anto, ▼. art0. 

sretophflaz. ici«» «».»«^Mcro*rf- 

JUi^, fiU I fear -Aaagptr, a eontteUaiCm, 
vn. eaUed Bootee : Ck. 

aniM (rar. arctna ; aee, arcton, 
Or. : Vifg. nom. phtr, arctoe), 1, /. 
s ^wro«, tiW Great and Little Bear 
(ma major et mliiorX a doable coo- 
ijellertrm. ||. Melon.: the north 
fok: Ov. S. <^ north wmd: Hor. 

arolftniP. *. m.«ip«TPvpo» (the 

the brightest $tor in the 
BooUe: Ck. 2. the 
eomteOation: Vlrg. $. tfc« 
ffMiV^J»«clKrMf: Id. 
tratSf. a, vm. ▼. vtoa. 
■fOtett !•■».▼. arctoa. 
ntS^OBf «. nm. Part. (arcooX 
tort lAe a bow, cnrted : arcuacua cor- 

mfllft. ae, /. dm. [area] a iwuM 

taK, eieaeket for ptifumetf omamenUt 

••c: areolae imiUebrea, Oc Hence, 

Fig. : cC xbetor. ornament : id. 

■reus, fla, ■». (aodently arqnns. like 

Snr for cur. qnqfoa for chJob, eleX a 
v: aicaa faiteotoa In aMnnem, Qc. : 
facorrare arcum, Viig. J|. the min- 
hew: eram tpee ex nobomi effldtur 
ifMddanmKMfe ooloratna, CIc |||. 
em if th in g mrchod or cwrved, Ofwavee: 
riper areu aqnamm. Or. Of a eer- 

r: hnmenioe lalto alntiatar (n arena, 
or a tarr : dnna cnrvoe falcatos in 
OOB, id. Of a harbour: portna cnr> 
' Tame in arcom. Ylrg. Of the bonghs 
«r trees : id. Hence of the sonea : via 
qnfaKioe per arena, Ov. In architect, : 
am arek, a mtttt, trium^Oial ardk, etc : 
humflem lapfaam oompagibos 
p, /. wB ipttii6t, a heron : 

ardffiOi Bala, m, [ardeo] a btuy- 
kodf, a meddler! Pbaedr. 

_ ends. Fart, [id.] bkuiva, 
'; VnyW**** copaa araentes Ir 

open provolvunt, Hirt. : hence, gloK- 
ing^JUry: qnlnta (sona) eat ardentior 
UUs, hotter, Ov. ||. Fig.: ardentes 
ocuU, gtowing eyet, Virg. : ardentie 
FalemI pocula, jlery, Hor. 2. Of 
difeasea, etc., eager, ardent, 
Imnning: volnerla ardent! do- 
Wre, from the homing pain qf the 
toouno, Locr. : avaritla,Cic.:aidentlore 
■tndio, id. 

azdenter* odo. ardentlg, hotljft ea- 
genif : qnod aqpias ardenter, Oc. 

ardiOt m, mnn. s. v. n. [kindred 
with areo] to be onjbre, to bum, bUue: 
mnltis soccensa loda ardent sola terrae, 
the toil ie onjtre in many placee, Lucr. 
II. Fig.: tolUuh, glow, eparlde, 
Mhine: Tyrio ardebat morloe laena, 
Aone- Vlrg. 2. Of passionate emo* 
tion, bodily diMase, etc.: to be if^amed, 
bum, glow, to be connmnod, etc: In 
fittvlos partfan gelidoa ardentia morbo 
membra dabant, their Umbt burning 
with fever, Lncr. : dolore et ira, Ckx : 
ardere OalUam, Oamt wot in a ttaU qf 
eacitement. Gees. : miUtibus atndio pug- 
nae ardentibas. Id. Esp., to bum with 
hne: ex aequo captis ardebantmentlbas 
ambo, Ov. 

axtieaOOt lursi* l* *• ^v^ep* rardeo] to 
takefre, to kindle, to become tt^/Uaned : 
ne longns ardesoeret axis. Ov. ||. 
Fi g. : to gleam, glitter : folmineis ar- 
deicunt ignflma nndae, id. 2. Of the 
paaaiona: to be injlamed, became more 
intente : ardeacere dira cnpidine, Lucr. 

irdOTi Oriat m. C^.l a burning, a 
JIre, tuMt, fame: solu ardor, Lncr. 
I|. Fig. : brightneu, brxUianey, 
viitaeity: lUe Imperatorlua ardor ocu- 
lonnn, Clc 2. Of the paaskma or 
feelings : heat, ardour, eagemete : ardor 
mentis ad gloriam, id. With Gen, of 
the (Meet : at te cijuadem vlrglnls ardor 
penllaerat, Ov. And meton. : the 
beloved object* tn primus, et ultimus 
1111 ardor eria, Id. 

trdvf « '^ ^^^* od^- ▼• vMuB. 

•rdoQli ^ oni. ada. iteqt, lofty, 
high: oppldnm erat diffldli aacensu 
atque arduo, Ck. 2. Subat.: ar> 
duum, I. «. a tteep place, a eteep : ardna 
terrarum. Vlrg. ||. Fig.: difficult, 
arduous, hard: magnum opna omnino 
et arduum oonamur, Ctc : Id arduum 
fectn erat, IJv. : reboa in ardnla, t>i 
difficult dreu ms tastces, adversity, Hor. 
Subat.: nee ftiit aodetas In arduo, Tac. 

ar§f V. areCado. 

irfo (in Inacrlptlom aometfanes 
ASIA), ae, /. a vacant piece of ground, 
esp. m a town : pugnabatur ah illis ex 
area quae erat adversus pontem, Hlrt 
The word has varioua epedal meanlnga 
determinable by the context: L o 
plot qf ground for buHdUng, the site cf 
a house : si ponendae domo quaerenda 
est area primum, Hor. 2. <>** <3!P«>* 
$paee for games, a playground: id. 
Hence, fig. : area Boelerum, i.e. ukere 
vtca have7uU tcope, Cic Also, a race- 
ground: Ov. S. a threshing-foor : 
neque in aegettboR. neque In arela. 

neqne In borreia, Cic. Reapeeting Its 
construction, see Smlth'a Ant. 17. 

ftre-flUflo (,P^ anastroj^en : fitcio 
are), fSd. factam, |. «. a. Tareo facio] 
to make ary, to dry up : pnndpio ter> 
ram aol exooqult et flidt are, Lucr. 

Jkt%nfL (haiena, Varr.), ae, /. Tareo] 
orlg. a4t. se. terra, dry earth ; hence, 

1. «a«id.* lltoria lucurvl bibolam 

Cbvit aequor arenam, the thinly sand, 
ucr. Arena nigra » Umua, sUme, 
mud, Vlrg. Poe t. : in the plnr. 
summae cauda verruntur arenae, Ov. 
Prov. arenae mandare aemina, to 1010 
the aond, i. e. to b^n a fruitless work, 
id. II. a sandy place, sandy land : 
nt arenam allquam ant paludes emat, 
Cic. Hence, L (in plur.) a sandy 
desert : super Obycaa arenas, Ov. 

2. the seashore: udae Innltor are- 
nae, id. 8. the place qf combat (oo> 
vered with aand) tn the amphitheMre, 
the arena : missus tn arenam aper. Suet 
Hence, meton., the combat in the 
ampkWieatre: operas arenae promit- 
tere,Tac Hence, fig.. A, the fight' 
ing ground, the scene or theatre <^ any 
kind qf contention : dvUis belli arena, 
Flor. (Hence, ItaL mta.^ 

irSnftlilUi ^ um, a<y. Tarena] mt- 
taining to tand : lapla, Mftdttone, wrv. 
Vlrg. n. Arenarta, ae, /. (sc. fo 
dina), a aotid^ : Clc. 

irinSfUS, «. nm, adi. Cld.]/tdl<B^ 
sand, aandy: lltua, Vlrg. 

irons, entia. Part, [areo] dry, arid, 
parched: arentia aaxa, Ov.: dried up, 
thirety: arente Cuice trahere pocula 

Mo, 2. «.«. to be dry ; tellus suods 
aret ademtls, Ov. 2. <<> ^ dried up, 
to languiih from ^irtt : arentlbua sltl 
Ikudbua, Liv. 

■XM, V. ariea. 

ftreiOOi i' v. ineqp. [areol to become 
dry, to dry up: cUo arescft lacrlma, 
praewrtfan In ^ienls malls, Clc. 

MtUSgUSi i, m.=z&ptT*)^yot, a 
babbler about oirtue, a boaster : In gen. 
of a (Tynic or Stok : Suet : Juv. 

argentirlai m. /. (sc tabema) o 

banking-house, a batue: Liv. ||. (sc 

*ars) the trade qf a banker or money- 

chanper : argentariam LepU Cacere, Clc. 

III. (sc fodina) a silver mine : Uv. 

anentftlillB« a, um. <u^. [argen- 
tumj pertaining to silver : metalla. 
silcer mines, Plin. |J. pertaining to 
money: can^ care of money, Ter.- 
tabema, a bank, Liv. 

argentftiiof . iV »• [M] « mimty- 

ehanger, banker: Ck. 

argentfttnf I *, mi^ C^*! plated or 

ornamented with sUver: nulitefi, whoee 
shidds are plated, Liv. Fig.: aeroper 
tu ad me cum aigentata aooedito que- 
rimonia, oome only with silvered com- 
jdaintt, I. e. bring money with your 
complaints, PI. 

mrgentlifilllSt a» nm, a4j. dim. [ar- 
gentemj of silver: PI. 

arfl»nteil0« *, ma, adj. [argenttiml 
qf suver, made qf silver: argeLtia 






•qoila, Cic. : talus argentea, a iilver 
MtUutation (a vrt$ent\ PI. ||. He- 
ton.: adomta wUK ntter^ai^Dta- 
tu8 : argentea sceiui, Cic 2. <>^ <> 
glittering uiiUe cotour. tUvery : nlveia 
oraentea pennis ales, Ov. Z.of tkt 
aher age : tubiit argentea prolei, id. 

ArgentieztftrSMdiiIdM C«^n- 
tum exterebroj a name coined by 
nautm, an exUniioner, a tpofnger. 

arsentOMf l* "• Lit.: Me.viMte 
wneuil; sUur: Tiliiu arsentnm eit auro, 
Hor. II. Meton<: tUver pkUe : 

argentnm expositnm In aetUbua, Cic. 
2. Milctr money; also, money in 
argeotum aere aolutum ett^ Sail. 
)t ABO seen in Gr. dpy6(, aPY^> 

argilla* •«• /• viKUe cfatr, potter's 
earth: homulosexargillaet Intoflotnsl 
Cic [Root ABo; same as in an-entum.j 
lent&tlOt 5nis, /. [argumen- 
tor] Ta Aetor. 1. 1. moat treq. in Cic.), 
on aadueina of proof, an argumenta- 
tion: proboLilu, Cic. II. the proof 

argflmontor* ttos. i. «. dep. rarga- 

■lentom] to adduce proof, to demon- 
utraU : nee jure an li\|ana caesl sint 
aigamentari refert, liv. : aigomentari 
de iFoluntate alici))nis to conclude from^ 
Oc |L to adduce something a$ 

oroof: mnltaqoe In earn partem proba- 
Vuiter argomentantur, Liv. 

ftrgHmentlim, I, ««. [arguo] an 
argumentt proof t evidence, sign : argn- 
mentum est ratio, anae rel dubiae ftdt 
fldem, Cic : anixni laetl arguments, tn- 
dieo^ion*. Ov. ||. a logical conclu^ 
aion : ooMludl argumentum non potest, 
bIsI Us, quae ad conclndendum sumpta 
«nmt. probads, Cic l||. the sutgect 
ef any written compoeition, theme, ar- 
gument, plot: argumentom est fkta 
res, quae tamen AmI potiiit, id. : ejpis- 
tolae,id.: Livius Andronicus lU) saturis 
auBus est piimus aigumento fabalam 
serere, a play with a plot, Liv. | y. 
the sulffeU ^ artiet%c tepnysmiatitms 
(sculpture, painting, embroidery, etc) : 
ex ebore diUgentisibne perfeeta aifpi* 
menta erant In valvis, Cic 

argftOt fi^ Qtum j. v. a. to make 
eiear, prove, assert, declare: hoe nno 
tenetnr, si arguitor non lieere, C^c: 
H. Valerius Laevinns specnlatores, non 
legatee venisse argnebat, Liv. Pass. 
In a reflect ^gidf . : apparet virtos ar- 
guitorque mafis. shows itself in, Ov. 
II. With ace. or pass,: to aceuu, 
ceneurt, charge with, convict, r^ute: 
•ervos ipsos neque aocuso. neqoe arguo« 
neqne purgo, Cic: landibus argultur 
Vint vinoaus Homonis, is convicted, 
Hor. The offence charged is expreued 
by a word In the gen., oM., or dependent 
on de; by the aoc and inf. ; or by the 
ooe. with uL 1. With gen.: viros 
mortaoa summi soeleria, Cic 2. 
With oM. : te boe cdmine non arguo. 
Id. 8. With abL sad de: de eo 
«fimlne, quo de argnatur, id. 4. 
inth the occ and inf.: me MXgoit 


hancdomoabse subrlpuiatie, PL. 5. 
With ace. and ut : fhicrem ut subditi- 
vum apud patrem arguere, Suet. |||. 
Meton. of things': to find fauU with, 
complain of, censure: ea culpa, qnam 
arguo, Liv. % 

tfgfltfi. <i<fo* nibtJy, acutely: Cic 
n. craftily: PI. 

argiltiUM. inun, /. j^m. Cargutns] 
that whtdi affects the senses strongly, 
vigour of expression, Urelineu, ani- 
motion: nulla molUtia cervicuro. nuUae 
argutiae digitorum, quick motion qf 
the fingers, Cic. ||. Of mental qua* 
Uties : geniism, aeuteness, wit, subtlety, 
shrewdness, eunnir^ : Demosthenes 
nihil Lysiae subtilitate cedit, nihil ar- 
gutUs et acumine Hyperidi, id. 

irgHti&lllS* ^ um, a4j. dim. [id.^ 
sometdkat subtle, acute, keen : Ubri, Cic 

arcfttOBi «, um, Part, [arguol but 
usually ac^. Lit. made dear: nenoe 
of ot()ect9 aflfecting the senses : clear, 
lively, active, shatp, pungent, etc : 
et ocnil nimis arguti, quem ad modum 
animo alTecti sumus, loquuntur, Cic: 
argutnm caput, graceful in motion, 
Virg. : hirundo, the twittering sumiUow, 
id. : olores, id. : ilex, rustling, id. : 
Neaera, melodious, Hor. : forum, noisy, 
Ov. : serra, creaking, Virg. Of omens : 
distinct, clear, conclusive : sunt qui vel 
aigutisdma liaec exta esse dicaiit, Cic 

II, babbling,wordy Tin good as well 
as bad sense) : sine virtnte argutum 
civem mihi habeam pro praefltx, PL 

III. Of mental qualities: L 
In a good sense : sagacious, acute, 
wiUy: poema fodt ita festivum, ita 
omdnnum, ita elegans, nihil ut fieri 
possit aigutius, Cic 2. In • bad 
sense: ctmmn^, sly, artful: meretriz, 

Ugj^raipiA, Idis, a^j. « Afyvpaovit, 
having a silver shield : liv. 

ftndui (coDtr. aidus), a, um, a^. 
[areo] dry, withered, parched: ligna, 
Lucr.: foUa, Cic Subst. arldum, i, 
n. a dry place, dry land : ex arldo tela 
eoqJk«re, Caea. I|. Fig. : arida fe- 
brifl, Virg. : aridus altls montibns (in- 
dpit) audiri ftagor, a dry crackling 
noise, id. : in victu arido, tnnutritious 
food, Cic : genus sermonis exile, ari- 
dum, condsum ac minutum, dry,jrjune, 
id. : aridissimi Ubri, Tac : pater avidus, 
miaer atque aridoo, avaricious, Ter. : 
arido argsnto'st opus, reociy money, 

irlat (old fonn ai*s; poet, ariee, 
sometimes dissyU like ablee ; hence a 
long), IStis. m. a ram .* Varr. ||. the 
ram, a sign of the todiac: Ov. |l|. 
a battering-Tam <v. Smith's Ant. 40) : 
arfetibus aliqnantum muri disonssit, 
Liv. IV. d beam, a prop: quae 
(sublieae) pro ariete sot^tae vim flu- 
minis exdperent. Caes. 

illStOt *^> *tum, I. V. o. and neutr. 
raryetat. trisyL Virg.) Cufesl to butt 
like a ram, to strike violenUy. 1. 
Act.: quis fllic est, qui tam proterve 
nfistEas aedea arietati knocks so vio> 

len^y at, PL 4 2. Ifeutr. : arietat in 
portas, Virg. 

ftrifltat *0*/* ^* A*c" OT bttiYti of an 
ear qf grain : munitur vallo aristarnm, 
Cic II. Meton.: the ear itsaj : 
matone aristae, Ov. Also, spOeenaTdi 

ftriUimfitloillt A. oni, 04»y*.= o^ 
fiifrutbc, pertaining to arithmetic 
Subst. arithroetica, Oram, n. plu. 
arithmetic: in arithmetids satis exer- 

irltlidOi IniSf /• [aridus] e&ynest : 

mrmai Ornm, n. piu., toots, imple- 
ments. \, of agriculture : daria 
agreatiboa arma, Virg. 2. 9f grind' 
ing and baking: cerealla arm*, id. 
8. the tacJde of a ship: naves 
omni genere armorum omatissim*e, 
Caes. A, *if the wings of Daedalus: 
Ov. II. usually implements of war, 
arms, both of defence and offence; 
but of the latter only those used in 
close ccMnbat, as distinguished firom tdo, 
used at a distance : anna alia ad tegcn- 
dum, alia ad nocendum, Qc. : armis et 
castris, provert>.33Pemis velisaue, virfai 
equisque. with vigour, with might <Ht<{ 
main, Cic 2. Spedfically. a shield: 
ooelestia arma, quae andliaappellantm', 
Liv.: se in sua oolligit arma. corerr 
his whole person with his shield, Virg. 
8. Meton.: soldiers, army: aviSk 
usqua m appamerunt arma, Liv.: anx- 
iliarla arma, OMxtliaritt, Ov. li, war : 
silent leges inter arma, Cic Also for 
battle: in arma feror, Viig. 4. Fi g. : 
mean« of protection, dtfence, iceapons: 
borriferum contra Borean ovis ansa 
ministret, Ov. [Prob. from root as, 
-fit," ••join." v.ars.} 

armimanta* snim, n. plu. [aimoj 

oiMUings, esp. the tadde qf a tiiip, 
inauding everything except the hull 
of the roMel : ^>tari sols pinvun Jubet 
armamentla, Ov. 
armimeiitftrliiiii. ii. n. [arma- 

menta] an arsenal, armoury: ex ar> 
mamentarils publids arma popnlo Ro- 
mano dantnr, Ctc 2. annamentarimn 
navium, a dodb-yord, Plin. 

•nnftxISllimi it n, dim. [armartuml 
a liMie d^t or closed : PI. 

armizinm, ii, n- Dnna] li t. a piocs 
for tools; henoe, a chest f&r cU/Oiing, 
money, etc: redusit armarium. PL 

armfttOrat •«, /. [annol an outfit, 
equipment, armour: Kimiidae levisar* 
matorae, the light-armed Jfumidians, 
Caea. ||. Meton.: armed aoIdMn: 
nostne nmt legiones, itoetim levis ar^ 
matura, noeter equltatw, Cic Fig.: 
haec ftierit moMs, tanqnam levis aima> 
turae, prima oratiooia excuraio : nunc 
cominus agamoa, id. 

arm&tm. •, vm. Part, (arao) 
equipped, armed: armatnm oonsilitmi 
indidt, he summons an armed assem- 
bly, L e. a Gallic assembly, which all 
male adults were hound to attend fully 
equipped for vwr, Caes.: saepe ipsa 
plebes annata a patiibaa aecasalw ^1* 


lo *• 


amMithrinri. Oc Snbtt. 

■». an anned moil, a joMmt : 

■ mi c iki i a kwa nralUtudtDe 

cT mrmimg: (odIt in the oM.) : huvl 
ttqwii annftta, Liv. ||. Meton. : 
BMfna part* iiiip«di« 
nUcte in Brottita, et omni 
ae,/. ▼. annentmn. 
^ e, aoy. [anDentmn] 
to a Jl«ni.* aqoa, Vii^s. 

itizlui, •> nm. o^f- M 

to a A«rd: A]n>. Snotft. 

ii, ««. a AcnuMON, «i«a(- 

m annentarioa Aier 

■nnaittmBt U *• (oU foim annenta, 
«a,/A[aio3:l i L eatOe/or plougkina, 
aay taM q^ drtui^Af: most mq. In 
the pinr. : grona anneBtonnn reU* 
V^kfm peooffta^ Glc : and ooUectlTely a 
W« : ot areraab comttras annenta 
fODdt^tar, lAr. In tba ting. : amen- 
ta aiiftffiUt in agrta, Hor. ||. Me- 
Un. : or olher larga animala: bos 
(evTDs) tola annenta taqvontar, yirg. 

nmat&tt ^^^ fimm* a<0. [anna fero^ 

annlfKaa cotreptns amors Mi* 


annigar (anntgems^ Inscrip.), ira, 

Oi^aiff. (anna gero] weapoNHtwarurp, 

««M< tBariOar. ||« Subst. : on 

lawsJ jMrton: oom pUKls annigeils. 

Can.: a loaapow 6ear gr , Midd-^emwr 

Ote anal fligim.) : PL : Serglns annlger 

CtelUoaa, an aittcrent, Cfc.: annigar 

Javii, i. s. aqolla. Or. 

■ndUlt* *•• /• [arBQs3 on an$k4ttt 
aa arai riiy, a brmeeUt : manipolum 
hsMatonm armUUa aoralaqna ooronls 

•entoi mitt a broeOd: aradllau et 
pkBtaffeta tnrba. Suet. 

aml-pUaig* enils, a<(y'. farma po> 
yiS Tmw m f Ml «f» anas, toMoiil, warw 

tnI-«Allllt. ^ vm. a4;- [•ima 
isael rummtUng with arwu (poet.): 
moaa FillaJls armlaociae, Virg. 

mWf A^ atom, f . *. a. [annal to 

.^vaM wil4 iwtfiemmU, UJUotU^to 

tfafp: aa quae sont nsal ad nnnandaa 

lavas ax Hispanla apportari Jobet, 

Gms. H. to frnniik with wmpotu. 

Is arss: serroa pastores annat* Id. 

With ta, eanfm, adverttu: serri In 

arariMntor, Oe. : delecta Jn- 

eoBtra MUonla tmpetnm armata 

srt, id. : F— «*»»«*» regem annarit et 

snnalt a d t aiau s Boaunos, Nep. |||. 

Fig. : MigiB annatna, anmtd wiik turn- 

iaMe,Bor.: Claodli sentantla ooosoles 

•whatln trfbdooa, LIr. 

OQI, I, at. Os atenlckr «oft€r« tt is 

/bW m flU ikatddaMade, the fort- 

t gan. 4/ OH om'sial, while 

' Ataa that of men: ex 

ftsnt C^ HIppomanes 


changed Into a UonX Or. Of men: 
latus huic hasta per armos acta, Vlrg. 
II. the tide 0/ an omiimal: equi 
fodere calcarlbos annos, Vlrg. [Root 
AX. •• fit." ••Join ;" V. art: cf.Or.^bp^, 
••aJoint;"Ki«. onw.] 

iro, vri, acorn, 1. v.a.msipiut to 
plough, to t(U: fn fando fodere aut 
arare, Ter. : ager non semel aratus, sed 
novatus et Iteratns, Clc Fig.: Of a 
ship : to plough: aeqnor. Ov. Of age : 
to/urroWf wrimUe: jsm venient rugae, 
quae tibi coipasarent. Id. Proverb, 
arare litoa. to lose on^i labour: non 

ffI>feotarls lltora bobus arts, id. ||. 
eton. : to ttve^yAtutandry. to/arm 
or cHUivoto : dvea Romani qui artnt In 

ftrqn&tlUii <^ ™b. a<(y'. [arqnuss: 
arcnsj bowed, bent : Iris srquato ooelnm 
curramlne slgnans. Ov. : arqnatus mor- 
bus (lit, the disease in which the sldQ 
becomes of the yellow colour of the 
rainbow), the jmmdiee. Gels. Subst. 
arquatus.!,*!. AetdboAos thejamuUee: 

ArqnittiiflOfi «>tis, a<%'. v. ardt»< 

arqimSf us, m. v. arena. 

amu arrabo, arralis, v. arrba, ar- 
rtiabo, arrfaalis. 

ametni ("dr.X ». um. Part, [ar- 
rlgoj art ttpr^/Ai; J^f.: steep, pre^ 
eipaouM: pleraqne Alplum ab Italia 
sicut breviora, ita anectiora sunt, Liv. 

ar*ripo (*<^>)* pst. ptnm, j. v.n. to 
creep toteoras, to ftooi st^Ujf to : with 
ad, post-Aug. with dot. : mus ant la- 
certa arrepTt ad ooltmibarla. Van*. 
Fig. : sensnn atque moderate ad amU 
dtlam arrepere, Clc: animis muUer- 

•rreptUB (*(lr-)* *• vm. Part, [ar^ 

arrlia «■ anat «. /• •»! anhibo, 

or axtwbo, Onis, ai. the monejf given to 
ratifjfa contraet,eame$t-m(meM,depo9U 
(r. &nlth's Ant. 42) : arrhaboni has 
dedit ouadrtglnta minas, PL 

arrfaabOi onls, v. the preceding. 

■r-lldio (adr.), ilsl, risum, s. v. n. 
to tmile vpon. especially approvingly : 
Qsed by Uc (a opposition to derldeo : 
abeol. or with dot., more xmrely with 
aec .' qnum rlsl anrides, Ov. : rldentlbas 
arrldent homanl vultas, Hor.: video 
quid arriseris, Clc Pass.: si arride* 
rentnr, essat id ipsum Atttooram, id. 
fl. Fig.: to be fawurabU, kindly 
ditpoeed to: quom tempestas arridet. 
Locr. Aiao, to te/rfsoiin^ to, to plmss: 
Inhibere ilium tunm. quod valde mihl 
aniserat, vehementer dBq>licet, Clc 

MMlfO (sdr.), rexl, rectum, j. 9. a. 
[rego] tos^ uprighi, raiee, erect: leo 
comas arrazlt, vbg. ||. Fig.: to 
CNCOMro^ animate, rouee, excite : eoa 
non panlum oratione sua Marios ar- 
rexerat. Sail. : arrigere snimos. to in- 
cite, route thecourage: arreiere animoa 


•T-rfpIo ^ . 

a.^aplo3 to aeiM, enatek, tag hold ^, 

(adr.), ripttL reptuu, |. v. 



d/roM to oneae^ Tesp. with eageme«s 
and force) : nostn, rei)entina fortuna 
permoti, arma quae poesunt srripiunt, 
Oses. Poet: arripere tellorem veils, 
to saa toioards, Virg. ||. to $eiu 
upon, to take to oneee^, appropriate: 
cognomen sibi ex Aeliorum unaglnlbus 
arripuit, Cfc. |||. to toJbe h/Mi of, or 
groip lioUk the mSnd, to learn qtdcklg 
or with acidity, to apprehend: puerl 
oeleriter res innumenbUes arritdnnt. 
Id. IV. Judicial (. t, to drag btfore 
a tribunal, to complain of, aoeuu : trt- 
bunus plebis oonsules abeuntes magls* 
trato arripuit, Ltv. V. Poet to a^• 
iaek with ridicule or r^roaA, to eati- 
riee: primores ponuli arripuit, popu* 
lumque tributim, Hor. 

tr-rMo (adr.), tM, i<Ssum, j. v. a. to 
gnaw or nibble at : Plln. Fig. : ut Ilia 
ex veprecuUs extracta nitedula rem- 
publicsm conaretur arrodere. Cio. 

anOgaUB (■dr). antls, 'i*ar<. [ar- 
rogoj appropriating something nut 
onke own; hence ostuaufi^. arrogant, 
haughty : Indutlomams iste ininax 
atque arrogans, Cic : na arrogtns iu 
praerlplendo pcfmli benefldo videretur, 

arr6glllter (adr.), adv. proudly, 
arrogantly: Clc. 

arr5gUltia (Adr.), ae, /. [arrogsnsl 
ateumpHon, Le. the claiming of tckat 
belongs to another: lioentiam arrogan- 
tiamqne (mliitnm) reprehendit, Cses. 
l|. the auumptUm itf superiority^ 
L 0/ soiiM specified kind. With 
gen.: qunm omnis arrogsntia odlosa 
est, tom ilia Ingenli atque eloqoentiao 
multo molestlssuna, Clc. 2. <2f supe- 
riority in general, haughtinea, arrO' 
gance, conoeitedne$$. AbsoL: sttilta 
ao barbara arrogantta elati. deapiclebsnt 
suos, Caes. fi|. a pertinacity in one't 
demands, obstinacy: Rhodil cessuros 
se pottos arrogantlae Antipatrl, qnam 
caosam torbaodae pads prsebitnrM 
dixeront lAv. 

■r-rSgO (sdx.), avi, atom, i. v. a. 
I. to ask or ttt^u^, to question : 
aliquem. PI. ||. With dot. : to associate 
an officer with another, to place by the 
side of: huic (consuU) dictatorem ar- 
rogarl baud satis decorum visum est 
patrfbos. Liv. |||. to etaim what is 
not on^s own, io assume, arrogate: 
rolhl non sumo tantum, judiees. nequo 
arrogo. Clc |y. Poet With dat. 
and ooc: to confer upon, claim for 
(opp. to abrogare) : sdre velim, chuHs 
pietium quotas anoget annus. Hor. 

arrStVI ("dr.), a» um, Part, [sr- 

an« artis. /. oogWred skUl, whether 
mamial or mental: artlom aliod doi<- 
modi genua eat. ut tantumroodo anlmo 
rem oemat allod, ut moliatur aUquld ct 
CKiat Clc. Hence art, according to 
Roman notions, was both theoretieal 
and orocticoi, and <*c arte dther Utwrsl 
orillibeTal. Tbeendof artwas to, 
duec: Zeno censet artJs proprfum em 
creareetglgneie,ld. Hsooett«d*no' 




Uw fiuutty of pnNludng mum nuUertal 
ol^lect, whether of mere haadkrift, or 
of that higher IdDd lududed under the 
Mme of Me Jin» arte. I. the tkitt 
nereiied te any trade or cauiiig (artee 
ionlklae or lUibmalee) : opifloee oatoea 
In aordidA arte venantar, minhneqne 
artea eae probandae, quae minlstne 
aunt voliq>tatuni, id. 2. Meton. : 
the ol(f«t prodtieed: cUpeum ellierri 
jDiait Didraiaooia artea, Viiv. : the 
workmamMpt et tripodaa aeptem 
pondere et arte parea, Or, ||. 

MkiU iEi» the libaral orff , eombmHtg 
theory and praUiee: qulboa autem 
artibua aut prudentia mig(nr ineat, ant 
non mediocTls utilltaa qoaerltnr. ut 
medidna, ut arcUtectura, at dootrina 
remm hooeatarumuhae aontiia^uonim 
erdini coDvenfunt, honeatae. uc. So, 
an gymnaartra, PL: an diMaerendi. 
diatectiet, dc : artea nrbaoae. jmrie- 
pntdettee and doquenee, lAr. S. 
lie ton. : a work <if oH: divlte me 
adlioet artJum, quae aat Parrfaaaiiu pn>> 
tout aut ScopM. Hor. JH. the theory 
ef amy art or icienee, abHract kmmih 
ledge: rea mlhi videtur ease iiMo lt ate 
(inpraetiee) praeclara^arte (in theory) 
meiUocria, Oc 2. Hence, meton.: 
for riutoHeal^ and at a Later period for 
orammaL*rttU%$esQrty$tems: id. |V. 
lYanarerred to wurat ^ptdUtiee^ comniot, 
eharoeter, way or wianmer of acting: 
both in a good and in A bad aenae: aim 
te aegrotant artee antiquae tnae, thy 
former manner of Me^ conduct^ Pi. : 
multae aunt artea (Ce. vlrtutes) exi- 
miae, hi^ua admlniatrae oomlteaqoe vlr- 
totia (ae. imperatoriaX Cia Heooe alao 
AbsoL: cunning, artOUe, hj^foerisy: 
capti eadem arte annC, qua ceperant 
Fabioa, Ut. V. Artea (peraonified) 
the Mu$e$ : artiom chorua, Phaedr. 
fRoot probabljr ab, ** flt," " join.* aeen 
in the Greek mp-mfi-a: henoe the ety- 
mological nwaning of an would be 
ada^ation of Jitneti, and moat of ita 
aeooodary aignlfloatlonalMve a reference 
to and inelude thia ekmentaiy ooe.J 

ami} •• urn. Part f ardeo]. 

arts (arete), adv, narrowly^ cloady, 
tightly, brK/(y. vehemently, etc.: aria 
«oatinentmr tralsea. Gaea. 

artiria* ae,/.(arterium, i, n. Loor.^ 
sma^nfiieL, the toCndpyw; arteria aa 
ptibnooem atqae eor partfaiena, Plin. 
Fran ita rougnneaa alao called arteria 
aapera : quum aapera arteria (iic enim 
a medida apprtktni^ catlmn habeat 
adjunctnm linguae ramdbua. Oc ||. 
an artery t langola per venae in omne 
corpus diftandltur, et apiritua per arte> 

arthxltloai, ^ ibo. a4f.s Vp^tc 

kAk, gouty, arikrUic: eoeu*. Cie. 

aitidUfttim. odV' CartieaUtiia] 
joint by Joint, pieeemeal: membra 
(pneri) artSenlatim dividit, old poet 
in Cic U. Fig.: Of speech: pro- 
periy divide; hence dearty, di$tincUy: 
aliquki articuUtim diirtjnrtegue diowe, 

artlettlOf a^i, aram, t. v. a. rartiea- 
In^ Lit. : to dioide into 4okU$, to 
e^arate into natural divitnons: but 
uaed only of diacoone, to irftor dia- 
tinctly, to artieulate : haaoe ▼ocea 
mobllia articulat Terbomm daedala 
lingua, the nimbU tongue artieukUee, 

artleftlnst i. ».<iAM. [ATtoa] a woa 

joint, a Joint, a knuckle : a knot In 
treea : crura aine nodia artioaliaqne, 
Caea.: anzerat artlculoa madea, had 
made the Jointt larger (apparently), 
Or. : artkulorum dolores habere, gouty 
pains, Oc Of planta : exriatlt, tan- 
quam ad artiouloa aarmflntMius, ea 
quae gemma didtur, id. 8. l*uUm, 
memben in gen. (cf. artua) : Lucr. 
H, Fig. : of diaooune: a mewiber, 
division : Clc 2. Of time : a point 
of time, a moment: in ipeo aitlculo 
temporia, at the meet critical mo- 
wteiU, Ck. Alao, witiiont tempoa: In 
bpao artkulo, at the very nick cf time, 
Ter. And with rea : in artlcalo rerum. 
Curt. 8. Of other abatraot things: 
part, division, point : per eoadem ar- 
tknloa et gradua (honorum) produoera, 
August, in Suet. 

artifin, Ida. ». [an fado]. L 
Subat.: one vho exercises a liberai art 
(while op\fea to one engaged in the 
artea sonUdaeX on artist, artiftcer: 
gen. with aome qualifying wonl: ar* 
tifloea aoenid, Ctc Also absoL arti* 
fex: multi artifioea ex CHveda vene- 
runt, liv. Of a physician, LIv. Of 
on orator or wrtter: Giaed dioendl 
artifioea etdoctofea.Cfo. 2.A«MUper, 
originator, author, contriver: tk puloer 
eat hk mundua, si proboa ^s artifex. 
Id. II. Adj. : 1. Act. ski^ul, in- 
genious, dextereus: with gen. or absol. : 
Bomllcar per hominea talis negotil ar- 
tifioea itinera explorat, Sail. Fig.: 
artlficea Nature manua admovlt. Or. 
2. Paaa.: ski^uUy made, arti- 
Jlcial, ingenious: artifex vultaa. Pen. 
Poet, of ahorse: broken, trained: Or. 

aitifildHMi od^. arttJidaUy, ae- 
cording to art: Via artlfldoae digeata, 

artiflM9iiui« *, um, a4J. [artifl* 
damyaocomjdished in art, skilful: 
rhetorea elegantisaimi atque artlfido- 
aisaiml, Clc ||. Paaa. : made unlh 
art, tn^uma : utraeque (se. renae et 
arteriae) Tim quandam incredlUlem 
artifldofli o^Hs mTinlque teatantur. id. 
HI. artMcial (aa opp. to natural) : 
ea f(>n«ra divlnandi non natnralla, aed 
artmdoaa dicuntur, id. 

artiLfldnaii ti* <*• [arttfexl the occu- 
pation of aa^ artifex, prefesnon, trade, 
handier^ft,art: de artifldia et quaesti- 
bua, qui llberalee habendl, qui sordidl 
alnt, ^. : credo magna artincia fnisae 
In ea inanla, i.e.the arts in the highest 
sense, sculpture, painting, etc, id. ||. 
skUl, ingenuity : aimulaerum Dianae 
lingular! opere artifldoque perfectnm, 
id III. Meory, swstem : non ease elo- 
quentlam ex artiflofo, aed artifldum ex 

eloqneatlA natom. Id. |y. Id 
demterity, skUtfuineu: and In a 
aenae, ar^ l wc ss , o um mi ng : opoa eat 
non aolom ingcnio, vemm etiam artiflda 
quodam aingulari. id. : non irlnnie^ 
neque In ade vidaBe Romuwa, aed artl- 
fldo quodam et adentlA oppqgnatlooK 

aito (>reto), avi, atom, !.«.«. 
[artua, Part.'\ to press dose, to ceos- 
press, contraa: omnia ooodUata artari 
poaaunt, Locr. fHVlg.: to abrUge^ 
Umit, cmrtaU, etc : in nraaniia. In 
honoriboa, omnia artata, lir. 

art81ij|ftn«i« l, **.«« V^ ^ y w sr , 
a kind ofbread or oafa (aiode q^ aieal. 
wine, Mul^oil^ lard, and jMfjper; Cic 

artOPtfU M. M*»ifrtaviyc a boAw: 
Juv. II. a vessel to bake in, a bread- 
pan; PL 

artro* ««. ▼• tntto, 

artBAt V. artua. 

artnt (b> ■'"ne odd. arctos), a, 
um, i'ort. [aroeo] jnvssed 
Henoe, a^. : cloee, thick^ na 
^ned, ^tort : hoa t ee carroa fanpedimeo- 
taque ana in artlorea ailvaa ahdidenmt« 
Caea.: nezua,Or.: arto atlpata tbeotro^ 
eroiodad in a narrom theatre, Hor.: 
nimto arte ooDvivIa, toe crowded, Id. 
II, Fig. : strict, severe, scanty, 
bri^, etc : qioDte aua ceddit aob legca 
artaque Jura, aenere knot. Loot.: oraor 
aomnua. a s ou nder sleep, (^ : artto In 
reboa, «n dislressed cmnanstoMees, Ov. 
|||. Subat. : Artnm. 1, n. a ii oj iei a 
space (UL and fig.) : needesiUee imitaior 
in artam, Hor. : ne apem dU ponot In 
arto. Or. : ne In orto rea esaett st t aU 

artntf ^'"""^ m.j)Iu. (artoo, «. PI.: 
dot. artlboB, better artvboa : sing. Iio> 
can.) Joints: moUee o ornig l a aurae ei 
ertua (dlgitonmi). Cic : per membra, 
per artua, in every limb and Joint, 
Lucr. II Meton.: the Umbe: tota 
mente atqoe omt^bos artoboa cootre- 
mieco, Cic : torpor gravla altigat artua, 

irftla* xe. /. dim. [ara] a small 
altar: ante hosoe Deoa eraat arolao, 

inmdXflqr (1»*t.X «». »nnn, a^j, 
[arundo feroj reed-bearing : capat. Or. 

inmdlniiLi (hanmd.X a, um, ait, 
[anmdo] aiode ef or aben ndi w a m 
reeds, reedy: arandinea wUvn, Vbig. 
Poet. : arandlneum carmen, • aifay- 
herd^s song. Or. 

(nuido (iMtr.), Inis,/. araad-eone 
(slenderer and taller than oanoa), the 
oenunon reed: erat aamma inopla pa- 
bull, odeo ut folito ex arboriboa atdetie 
et teneria arundlnum rsdldbua oquoa 
alerent, Caea. ||. Meten. for any- 
thing made of reed: "LemangUngrodt 
haeo laqneo Toluorea, haec captol amn- 
dine plfcee, Tib. 2. Umekwigt for 
eatdking birds: Pstr. F ig. : duae mium 
expetitia palumbem : peril, amndn alas 
▼erberat, PI. 8. the shetft cf om 
arrow: qnod fogat, obtuanm eat, et 
babet aob arandlne plumbum. Or. 




lateri letalit 
anmla» Tlrg. 4. o mh : Pert. 0. 
• f«Hl«r/^fl»>^#wMYf : jonctltqiie 
ooHodo Tlnone anuMllidmiB •erranUa 
ImKkm tcotat, (hr. 6. o/it<e: kL 
7. • w mm r't eatmbwtadetf ned: 
mammn notrali «niiido» Id. 8. • Twed 
Jhrknuktrntf dttm eobwebit PL 9. 
a pXa^Mi^for dkUdnH, a hobbf-hane : 
' an in ttraadine tonfft, Hor. [In 
MSB. md huer.h an mdoiB fodid. 
te A dIftUrrio VMlety ; cf. 
^ ▼. hnnnptx. 

artfiia. •^/. #»»««, /i<: pingato. 


arnmL U *• (icaolinn) rnol an 

niiftli <cu cMUmted IomI : NomldM 

'• peeorit iBMit qoan arvo ftn- 

8dtL n. Melon.: a regUm^ 

: ampkiM en, vrmtam, qnali Jtce- 

arvop Or. JLrva Neptonto, the 

«■• Ybg.: land* rtorcf nee piioet 

(qMOBt) viiwra in anrte, Uxr. 

t^Wf* ^ ^>B» o'b'- C'l''***^ ®' •nm 

«et «itf •ewn.orobU: ^planrl et ar> 
bMli el pncof, toti Mque oberet, Glc. 

pa, ardvA ' '■"<!?» ttromfAold, cUa- 
id^ajmivMJmt to tfce Oreele XipaaroAit: 
, eMtn,fnchittnydortbas,outeUi 
nde locnm obUnebent, uiee. In 
the ors wm on tbe northern 
«f Ike C^AtoHkM hlU, and the 
C^iUUanm, or tonple of Jopiler, on 
nttbem nmimt: an et Capfto- 
Cle. The anapioee were taken on 
at Rome, lir. 2. As dUMiela 
the imal ahodea of tyranta, 
Meton.: <yraiMi|f : cnpidi ardum. Sen. 
8, Prorerh. : aroem Caoere e 
doaca, te aaoiM mudk ado aboui mO' 
IMm, Oe. N- ^U* > <kf<nu^ jiro- 
totfia, ng^^VB* ndinarir, etc. : Caatorla 
teniilom fmt te oooaole ant clTinm 
y e HBimum . M. |l| sfaioe citadels 
hel0Qta,arz came to 
• nummit or -heiglU, 
of a 9»otMtaim : oelia sedet 
ae. Vbg. : aomma loctnn slbi 
kgit hi aroe, at tk4 very top, Ov. Of 
Oe dtadel of hearen : aideream mundl 
«ol tempemt aroon, id. OfthebeaTens 
ihaBBelTea: arece igneae. Hor. Of 
laoiptee ecected on an eminence : dex* 
tva aacraa >colataa arcea, Id. Fig. : 
(IB*): niM Hannibal dt, Ibi capat 
MtwareeiDtoitaabelUeaae.LlT. firx 
ii darlvcd tj the andent grannn. horn 
the root ia the same as the Greek 


m.aimU, Aaaatandardof 
jwamd; diTlded into it parte. 
MMMe; aeztana.eiie4MA 
xqaedrana, fomnees; trlena, 
4 mrnvm : ^dotfonz, 9 o tmc et ; aemla. 
A« koY, 6 ewMef ; feptnnz, 7 oiMcet; 
le^tiMwrt; dodraaa. ootmeet; dextana 
ffdeeooz. luiiMMini deans, 11 ouneeg. 
g.Aa a eoln, the oe was, aoc to 
Iht awlcot eoecoa of wefgbfaig money. 
a powmd woiglU oftmeotned 
Uhmlee or aea grave), 

affeerwarda gradually redoced in wel^t. 
(Beapecting theee rednctlona, as well as 
respecting the <u in general. ▼. Smith'a 
Ant 41 tea.) Tbe small valne of the 
<u aftier the last reduction led to tbe 
word being used in varions phraaee to 
denote anydiing wortlileas: quod (se. 
poudus anri) si oomminnaa. Tilem rrai- 
gatur ad aasem, Hor. : viatica ad aseem 
perdiderat, to Me lose farthing, id. 
III. In divisions of money among 
heirs, ete^ the <u, with iU parte, was 
used to designate the portions. Thus, 
beree ex esse, is sole hoir; heres ex 
semlsee, he who rootivu halif; heree ex 
dodrante, \e lofto noHvet Ikrw/our^ 
qf the imkeritane$: and ao beree ex 
beaee, trlente, qnadrante, eextante, etc. : 
CI^ (Henoe, Fr. and Eng. ace, in dice 

l^i^oeiiao (xIm*)* Ddi, nsom, f. v. «. 
(In M^. dceiMlo U often found where 
editt. have atcmdo) [soando] to d,imb 
upt mount up, aaeend. Mostly with 
int but also with ad and aoc. and 
oteol. With ins aaorodi in lenibnm, 
PI. : fai Amanum (nrbeml Oc : in 
equum. Id. With ad t ad Ottanas. Epiri 
oppldnm, Llv. With ooe. ; snmmum 
Jugum mentis, Caea. Also pasa. : d 
mons erat asoendendua. id. AbsoL: 
qua fefellerat aaeendens bostia, liv. 
II, Fig.: with in: in summum 
locam dvitatis. Clc. With ad : ad bunc 
gradum amlrltiaf, Curt. With ace. : ex 
bonorlbus oontinois fiuniUae unmn gra- 
dum dignitatis aaoendere, Cic. Abaoi. : 
gradatim ascendit vox. Id. 2. Super, 
supra allquem or aliquid asceniidere, to 
tiirpass, to stand higher (only In Ta- 
dtns): Ubertl ibi super Ingenuoa et 
super noMles asoendunt, Tac 

■tfrfmiTft (adac), Onto. f. [aecendo] 
a cKmMtip up, an ateenaing, asoeni: 
ad hirunmnbium nidum ascenekmem. 
PI. Fig.: quorum (oratorum) quae 
fuerlt asoenslo, a rioing, a mxxring, Cic 

Mqeimi (•«tac.X ^ ^n, Part, [es- 

aaoennui (edsc), us. m. [id.] a 

climbing Mo. an aoeenaing, aaeent: 
primes prohlbere aecensu ooepemnt, 
Caea. Alao in plur. : boetes partlm 
acalls ascensus tentant, Llv. Fig. : 
olUsque ad honoris ampUorls gradum 
Is primus ascensus ceto, Cic. ||. 
Meton.: a piace for aaoending, <m 
ateent, approa^ t aacciwua difficilis 
atque arduua, id. : quails esset nature 
montis, et quails in drruitu ascensus. 
Caea. Fig. : In virtute multl ascemms, 
many degretM, Oc 
aioAt ae, /. on aaie or hatthet : 


Tab. in Clc ||. a maaoh't trotrel: 
Vitr. The phrases sub asda posult; 
oonsummatum hoc opus sub asda est ; 
snb asda or ad asdam dedlcatnm ; 
occur often In sepulchral inscriptions, 
and are sui^xMed to mean that thp tomb 
was consecrated before Its building was 
flnlibed. [Or. l^ ; 0. H. 0. iah$, 
tax; Germ. a«t; Engodce.] 

a-ado («l>c.X 4. «. a. to take to, w 
auodate with one»e^: sodos adadre, 
Vlrg. [This verb to only found In the 
Infinitive, and waa probably fwuied by 
the Romans on false analogy fttim the 
perfect tenses of osciieo.] 

a-MiloO (adac.). Ivi (In claas.LaL 
never 11), Itum. 1. «. a. to approve or 
adopt anything: quum Jusstoset ponulus 
Bomanus aUqtdd, n id asdvissent sodi 
popnU ac LatinI, Clc H. ^ receive 
or admit a penon in $ome eapaeity 
(aa eitioen, tMy, eon, etc): Nnmam 
PompiUum regem alienigenam dbi Ipee 
populus adsdvit emnque ad regnandum 
Komam Curibns aodvit. Id. : sodos dbi 
ad id bellum Osismlos aacisamt, Caea.: 
aliqiiem snooessorem. Suet. In the 
htott. with if* (bi dvitatem, sodetatem, 
senatnm, nomen,etoO: asdU simul in 
dvitAtem et patrea. Liv. With inter 
inter patridoa, Tac |||. In gen. 
to admU into ontfe eociUy. ateociate 
also, of things, to appropriaU, adopt : 
Velentes voluntarioa uncUque ad spem 
praedae asdverunt, liv. 2. Of things : 
slbi oppldimi, Clc lY.B^enogo, to 
osnMte or arroaate eomething to one' 
edf (very rare) : eoa iUins expertee 
esse pnufentiae, qnam albl asdsoerent, 

;tiif (adsc), a, nm. Part, [ss- 

approved, adopted, etc: of 

: asramea, affected: In eo na- 

Quemdam Irporcm ease, non aa- 

dtum, Nep. 

MOltas (•dec), fts. m. [Id.] on ae- 
ceptonoe, reception: Oc. 

aioSpSra, ae, f.mmitntom^ a 
leathern §aek or waUet : Suet. 

a-ierlbo (adacr.), pel, ptum, i. v. a. 
to add to or ineert m awritina: conatr. 
wbiol., with dot., ad or in with ooe., or 
with in and abl. : antiquior dies in tub 
aacripta Uteris, Ck. Esp. of super- 
scriptions and inscriptions: noc 
credo ascrlptnrmn esae maoik>, id. ||. 
Fig. : to oscKbe, altribuie, impute, etc. : 
hoc inoommodum Sdpionl ascrlbendum 
videtur, Id. 2. H> place to ont^i 
credit, to Jlae, appoint : eldem (nervo) 
ascrlpdsse legatum, beeMealAed to him, 
Plin. Poet : culpam lues, ollm quum 
ascriptua venerit poenae dlea, Pbaedr. 
So aacrlbere sibi aliquid, to apply 
eowtething to oneadf. Id. |||. to 
enrol, enter in a liat (as eiOten, sol- 
dier, eoloniet, etc): ascribi se in eam 
dvitatem volult, to be entered, received 
aa eitieen, Clc. : oolonoa Venuslam a»> 
cripoerunt, Llv. |V. Fig.: toreelron 
or number in a dose, ^tdude among: 
Satyrls podtaa, Hor. 

aimptltlllS (Miser.) (•dus),a,um, 
oiddf. [ascribo] enrolled or receiiwd in 
any community (aa citiaen, aoldier, 
etc): novietaMrtptitiidve8,Clc 

aseriptlo (edscr.), Onls, /. [id.] an 
addition in writing: Clc 

aaeriptlTlll (oaacrX a, urn, a^. [Id. 
no. 1] enrolled aa a (supernumerary) 
aoidier (cf. ascriptitius and accensus) : 





13 one toko approoe$ or tubteriba io 
anything (rare) : Mcriptoret legis agm- 

AMUriptlUi (ftdicr.). •« nm* ''o'^* 
rascribo] : civiei, a naCttrcUued ei(u«n, 
Cic : or cokmists : veierani Tarentun 
et Antiam aacriptl, enrolled for To- 
ttffi^um, Tac Adj. pneicribeo, Ji«ed: 
•acriptos dlftt, Pbaed. 

ftaallEi M> /. diffn. [aaioA^ a cniaM 
»he-<uii Or. 

iaellnit i» «)^ ^^' [aslnus] a little 
au, an out eoU: aaelliu ootutiu aoro, 
Cic Pro v.: nanmre Ikbulam turdo 
aaello, to preach to the deaf, Hor. 

ftllfttitoilf; *» um, 047. sK'Ao-ukTuedf, 
.^Uialic: Aslatlcttm genua dioendi, a 
jUnrid^ oriental etple ^ neaking^ Cic. 

ftsniu, i, «. a ^/y, hane-Jlg, 
fortabanui: Virg. 


SilnilSi if *k an ast: Cic ||. 
Meton. : a doI(, MocA:fc«ui; neque 
ego hominea magis aainoa uoqaam vidl, 
PL l-inut ia a aufflx, aa in ao-inut, 
etrc-tnut, domnlfua: hence it appears 
that the root ia as; Germ, etel; £ng. 
OM.] (Hence, Fr. ^ine.) 

ftMtait if m.-ssiffttfnK, a ^nsualitt, 
adebtuiehee: Cic 

aiPftrftgnit !,«».« wrwapayoc 
(«Mr^.\ atparagus: velodua quam aa- 
paragi ooqirantar, Suet. 

upargp. inia, V. aapergo. 

EfPeotabllis (adsp.). e. (u^. [aa- 
pectoj th(U may be teen, risible (rare) : 
corporeum et aapectabile itemque trao- 
tablle, Cic 

agpeoto (o^Ot *▼!• atom, I. V. 
o. freq. raapicioj to loofc at repeatedly 
or atteniivdy, to gaxe at: quid oto 
aspeotaa?Cic.t atabulaaapectana r^piia 
exoeasit avitia, gazing upim^ Virg. ||. 
F ig. : to observe^ pay atlentum to: Josm 
prindpia aapeotare, Tac |||. Of alte : 
to face, lie towarde : coliia. qui adver- 
aaa aapectat deauper arcM. Virg. 

aspeotm (•<»«?•). *. nm. ^(^rt. [aa- 

aspeotns («l>p>)' ^ "*• (^^' '^ff- 
an>ecta. like Joaau. mano, «to., Virg.) 
[id.l I, Act. : a seeing, looking at, 
a glance, sight, view: lubricoa ocnloa 
fecit (natura) et mobile* ut aapectum, 

?uo vellent, (oclle conrerterent, Cic 
n plur. : aic oraua Apollo mortales 
medio aapectna aermone reliquit, Virg. 
2. tXe sense of sight: aspectum 
omnino amlttere, to go Uind, Cic 8. 
the sensible horison: porUia prope in 
aapecta urbia Inclual, within sigM, Id. 
II, Paaa. (i.e. tranaferred to the 
ol^ect aeen*) : visUrility, appearance : 
aidenim, Plm. 2. Meton. : the look, 
aspect, wUen, countenance: pomorum 
Jucundus aapectna, Cic 

ai-Pdllo (sbsp.), i. V. a. to drive 
a^ray : eoa. qui advoraum eunt, aapel- 
Uto, VI. 

uper« Sra, Smm, adj. (a^praesaa- 
pcra, Knn. : aapria =* aaperia, Virg.) 



L Of toooh : rohtgh^ uneven (q>p. I 
to Uvis or lema) : loca aapera et mon* 
tuoaa, Caea.: quid judicant aenaua? 
duloe, amarum : lene, aapenim, Cic. : 
aqwra arteria, the toindpipe (v. arterial 
kL Of carvingi or baa-relief: aa in 
Qr. Tpajck ■ aapera aignia pocnla, Virg. 
Fig.: of climate, eto.: aapera ooelo 
Germania, severe, Tac : hiema, Ov. 
SubaU asperum, i, n. on wtetten, 
rough place : aapera maria, Tac ||. 
Tnuiaf. tnaa the touch to other aenaea. 
Of taate : harsh, sour, bitter, ptmgent : 
aaper aapor maria, Plin. 2. Of sound : 
Aorafc, grating, etc. : pronunciationis ge> 
nua lene, aqwrum. Cic 8, Of amell : 
sharp, pumgent : herba odoria aaperi, 
Plin. |||. Fig. : of moral qualiUea: 
rude, harth, vtoletU, unkind, savoM^ 
wayward: homo aaper et durua, Cic. : 
hominea aaperi et montani, Cara. : cladi- 
bua aaper, exasperated, Ov. : aapera 
Pholoe, coy, skittish, Hor. 80 of prin- 
dplea, teneta, eto., rigid^ amtere: doc- 
trina (sc Stoioorum) non moderata, neo 
mitts, aed panlo aaperior et dnrior. C^. 
And of diaoonrse : har^ biting : aape- 
rioribna fiaoetiia peratrir^re, id. 2. 
Of animals : toUd, savage, fierce : (an- 
) aaper aiti, Virg. : tigria aapera, 

or. ly. Of drcumatanoes or idtua- 
tiona : critical, adverse, calamitous, 
perilous, etc: in diea grevior atque 
aaperior oppugnatio erat, Caea. : helium, 
SaU. (Hence, Fr. dpre.) 

ftgplrSi <»dv. rou^y. Fig.: harshly, 
severely, rudely: Cic 

afptntOBt », am. Part, [aanero]. 

ti-ipergO (•<1*P>) (in MSS. Bome- 
timea aapargo), erai, erauni, j. v. a. 
[spargol to scatter or strew upon : or 
of liquids, to sprinkle upon : to bestrew, 
besprinkU, bespatter. The conatr. ia 
twofold : I. the thing acattered ia 
expreaaed by the ooc. (or nom. with 
verb, pass.), that on which it ia scat- 
tered by the dat. 2. the former ia 
expreaaed by the abl.i the latter by the 
ooc. (or nam. with verbpau.). \, « ith 
occ. and dat. : gnttam Imlbo, Cic. : 
pecori vinxa, to tnfect, poison, Vtrg. 
SomeUmea in with occ. inatead of dat.: 
pigmenta in tabula aapergere, to dash 
xn, Cic 2. Fig* : to <'<><< upon, 

mingle with: quum clarlaaimo viro 
nonnnllam laudatione tua labeculam 
aapergaa,/iutofi upon, id. : ai llliua (sc. 
Catoma miOoria) comitatem et fadllta> 
tem tuae gravitati severitatique aaper- 
aeria, mingled, id. 80 of an inheritance : 
to bequeath, set apart for: Aebutio 
aextulam aapeigit, id. ||. with abl. 
and aee. : ne aram aanguine 'aaper- 

P)ret, id. : vaooam aemine, liv. 2. 
i g. : to asperse, defile, suiXly, stain : 
huno tn Titae aplendorem «n^«i»^ aa- 
pergiaiatia? Cic 
atPOrfO (aolopO (In MSS. sometimes 

drops: objectae salaa apumant aapar- 
gine cautM, the ipray, Virg. 

MPlrltait ttis, /. [asper3 uneven- 
ness, roughness, opposed to livUasi 
saxorum aapentateSk Cic : locorum, 
SaU. : ob asperitaiem hiemia. the aece- 
rtty, Tac 2. Of taste: harshness, 
sharpness, tartness: vini, Plin. 8. 
Of hearing : shriUness, harshness of 
tone: vocia, Locr. 4« Of sight: ut- 
equaUty, contrast: Vitr. ||. Fig. : 
<n moral qualities : roughness, «eiw> 
rity, harshness, fierceness : si quia ea 
aapcnritate est et immanitate naturae, 
congreaaua nt hominum fkigiat atque 
oderit«Cic 2. Of apeech : verhonun, 
Ov. 8. Of drcumatancea : adversity^ 
calamity, dijnculty, etc : aapeiltaa 

afpent&tSOf Onia,/. [aqpemor] osi»- 
temfi, disdain (rare) • a^ieniatJo tsA' 
onia, Cic 

aapemoTt "^^n** >• ^ ^- <^' [ab 
^>emor. like aqiello for aba-peUo,a»> 
porto f<n- abaiKHto^ to kick OMny, 
spurn, reject, despise: alici^JiM faod- 
liam, Ter. : guatatus id, quod vakle 
dnloe eat, aqtematur ao xeapolt. do. : 
querimoniaa aspemari, contemnere ae 
negllgere, id.: aqiemari furorem ali- 
agua atque craietltatem a suia arb 
atque tempUa, to avert (a ranc aigntf.), 
id. Fig. : qid colore inao mtriam a»> 

S maria, dm9. id. Withlnr.aaol^fect: 
re a^Mmabantur, Tac Paaa. : qui 
habet, ultro appetitur, qui eat pauper, 
aapemator, Cic 

agpil». *vi. atum. 1. v. a. [aaper] 
to make rouf^ Miiei«n, harA: turn 
enim (apea) propter labwem aaperantur, 
become rough, Varr. : et gladam hiema 
aquikmihua aaperat undaa, roughens, 
Virg. II. to sharpen^ whet: sagittaa 
inopia ferri oaaiboa aaperaat, pointy 
Tac III. Fig. : to make fierce, to 
rouse up, excite: huno quoque aapwa- 
vere carmfiia in aaevitiam, id. 

asperdo (sdO).). Oni»» /. [aapergo] 
a sprinkling: aaperaloDe aquae, Cic 
Of the laying on cf ooloHrt : a^mvla 
fortuita, id. 

aapornii (»ispO> >> u>n* ^«^ [«•• 

a-tpldo (adap.). exl, eotum, |. «.a. 
(aspexitsB a^iexerit, H.), to look at, to 
behold, see : with ad, ooc, or a6coi. 
L With ad (ante<laaaw) : aq>ice 
ad me, PI. 2. Witb ooc: aapicite 
ipsiun, oontneminl oa, Cic : odi oale- 
Inritatem, f^igio homines, luoem aapicers 
vix possum, / oon hardly btar to Use, 
id. Fig.: lumen aspioere,to5e tem; 
nt propter qnos banc suaviasimam lu- 
oem aqwxerit, eos indigniadme luoe 
privarit, id. In Plant, with contra.* 
aroiciam aliquon contra ocuUa. 8. 
Absol. : posiquam a^wxi, illico cog- 
novl, Ter. ||. Fig. : of locality: to 
face, Ue towards: ea pars Britanniae 
quae Hibemiam aspldt, Tac |||. to 
consider, survey, inspect, eontemptatt, 
etc : ht^ua nt aapioerent c^ma admJ- 
rabile, Ov. : Boeotlam atque Eubonun 
asploere juaai, Liv. | V. to toofc upon 
with respect, ad$iUratio»: erat in dame 




CkabriM privatus,Md evm nwgbmU 
tile* qnam qui pnaenutt, aspiciebaDt, 

•li^rftao (adq^.). Mm, f. [aaplrol 
almatkimff to or vuxm. Fig.: anf- 
■ntM Mpiratkoe aaia tosdnentur, (w 
ar«atktf4r U^ oiTt CIc : Mpiratto coeli, 
tkt Mkyty ixiluaicM, id. ||. eaopo- 
rolioa, cxAololion.* quae omnia floDt 
«C ex ooeU varietafce et ex dIcpariU aa- 
plnbaoetcTTaniin,id. Htlugnunm.: 
« bmOking, aapintiam : it* iii%}orea 
locatoa eaae, at noiqviain nisi in vocali 
aipfrmUooe atereotar. kL 

aigptro (adap.X *v1, atom, i. v. n. 
and act. A. v. n. to brtaihe or 6(010 
nfom : with acL the dot. or oteol. : ad 
qttoe (granaria) uolla aura homida ex 
prn|i<moia loctt aqilret, Varr. : pnl^ 
Aooe» torn aa oontrabant aapirantea, 
tniD reipinto dilatant, eackdling, Cic : 
tifaria a^fnu dioro, aooompamat Hor. 
II. Fig. : to be fawurabU to, to 
oniit, noiom: aapirat prtmo fortona 
Wk^ Virs. Ill MatOD.: to en- 
• to reaA <ir attain, io atpire to, 
with ad, in, a lootu adr., 
quid cotm qaisqaam ad 
pcconiam me Invito aapirat? 
Oc. : a^pirare ifl curiam, id. : bellica 
kade aaptrare ad Africaaum nemo po> 
teat, apvroaeK id. Poet. : with dot.: 
■«e eqnia aapirat AcUlUa, Vlrg. B. 
•. met. to brtatMs or Uow upon, to in- 
fmt, Ul and flg. : Jano rentos aapirat 


M^if , Idis,/. (aee. Or. aapiAi, Lncan. : 
fimr. aapldoa. Cic.) » itfiric. the atp, 
riftr: aapide ad corpoa admoto, Cie. 

Mportfttlo, floii. /• [«4>orto] a 
tmnrjfinff atcojf : ttgnoran, Clc. 

ft^POrtO (•baiwrio), avi. atom, i. 
«, a. to carry awajf : gtmulacrmn e 
dgno Oereria, Glc Of persona: to 
tram^mrt : allqtiem trana mare, PL 

aaprititiii* U w. [«per3 « «»v* 

atoce : ad haec aaxa erant, et temere 
Jansttto^ nt fit, in aapretJs, Ur. 
tM% V' tanm, a, um. 

itfSela <"" anioftUt (■<)■•). Mt 

». [aaaeqoor] on a < tow4ian<, Btrvant: 
fan. In a cootemptnoaa aenae : a hanger 
m,gyco^Umt : aiaentatorea eomm atqoe 

■MtlllitTn (ado^X 0nla,/. [aasector] 
aa (mmdmou$, respectful) attendance 
(m that of cUeota. eto.): in petitioQUms 
cpen aiqoe aaa ectati o, CIc 

MMet&tor(ada.). Wa, m. [Id.] an 
itttntdamt, joUotcer (in a good aenae): 
qakkm vetoa aaaectator ex nnmero 
ikia i uu . CIc. M. Fig. : a di»cipU: 
rf^rr**^, L t. pUloaoi^ua, PUn. 

M ta cte f (•da.), atna. i. v.dep.aet. 
[MMoaor J to aeeompanjf, foUow, at- 
M (cap. of tlie frienda of candldatea) : 
foiBD aediUtatem P. Craaaua peteret, 
canrae major nato, etiam oonanlarla, 
Sn-.Oalfaa aaaectaretnr. CIc 

Mtmtnhh (Ada.), ae. m. v. aaaeda. 

11 ■tllTn (Ada.), Onia, /. [aasentior] 
iiat , mfw ro b atitm , ttppJamee : ocatioDia 
fiaai exile, nee aatia popolari aaaen- 

iioni acoommodatmn, Cic l|. In 
philoa. lang. • a belief in the realUjf ef 
eentiUe appearaneee : id. 

UteHBOr Cada.), Mi, m. [kL] he 
Kho oMents to er apreee %eith : Cic 

MflanfUS (ada.). a. mn. Part. [aa> 

asMllfai (Ada.), fia. m. [id.] an 
a(freeing with anj/ one, aesent, appro- 
bation I asaenan omnium dicere, Oe. 
In the plnr. : dicta Jovis pars voce 
probant: alii partea asaeusibua implent, 
Ov. ||. In philoa. lang. lilte asaensio : 
an admtision qf the reaiity of teneible 
appearances: CIc |||. Poet : an 
echo: et vox nemorum ingemi- 
nata remugit, Virg. 

aaMnt&tiO (adB.),Onis,/. [as^enior] 
a JIattering oisent, adulation : nuilam 
in amidtiis pestem esae nu^orem qoam 
adulatlonem, blandit^n, asseotationem, 
Cic Plw.: InflatA assentationibus, 
Liv. II. In a good sense (rare) ; ap- 
probation, aeeent : Veil. 

aaientUIundUa (ads.), ae. /. dim. 

luueotA^oVtrioial /lattery : Cic. 

aafent&tor (ada.> Oila, m. [aMentor] 
aflatterer : Ck. 

aafentitSrld (Ada.), adv. in a JIat- 
tering manner, faumingly: dubitam te, 
non aasentatorie sed fhuone veto, Cic 

MMnt&trix (Ada.). Ids, /. [assen. 
iorj a female Aatterer: sceleata, PI. 

aneiltio (Ads.), si, smn, 4. o. n. 
(more rare than the deponent form) : 
to assent to, agree with, approve, etc : 
Us asaenai, qu mihi leniswna sentire 
visi sunt, Cic : assensit predbus Rham- 
nuaia juatis, Ov. Fau. Impers. : Fa- 
bio asaenaom eat, Liv. 

ai-S«nti[or (Ads.), sensns. 4. v. dep. 
[sentioj (<. q. assentlo), to assent to, 
approve, agree : with dot. or ateol. : 
qnom tlbi senatna sit aasensus, Cic: 
ne aaaentiri necesae esset. Suet. With 
a neut. aee.: non habeo antem, quid 
tibi asaentiar, CIc 

Mtentor (Ada.), atna, i. v. dep.frtn. 
[euphon. for asaensor, Ihxn aasentiorj 
to assent habitually or m a JIattering 
manner, to Jlatter : hnperavi egmnet 
mihi. omnia aasentari, Ter. Fig.: Of 
things: Baiae tibI aasentantur, imtters 
you {tnf changing its climate), dc 

aMJiqilor QkIs.), sficatus (or sSqtra- 
tns ; V. soqoor), j. v. n. dep. \, to 
/oUouf on, to pursue : aiveqoere ac re- 
tine, Ter. II. to overtcJee, come up 
with : nee quidouam aequi. quod asseqni 
nequeaa, Cic In the l^tt. also ateof.; 
ntal via recta veatigia sequentes isaent, 
hand doMe asaecntuii fberint, Liv. I||. 
Fig.: to gain, attain to: eoadem ho- 
norum gndna assecuti, Cic 2. ^ 
equal, rival : beoevolentiam tuam erga 
me imitabor, merit* non asaequar, id. 
IV. Of mental operationa : to com- 
prekend, understand : ratione et inteUl* 
gentia utimur ad cam rem, ut apertia 
obacnra aasequamur. Id. 

aiMTf Arts, m. a pdU, stake, post : 
Caea. • ||.apo(eonwlk»c4«<»<torwas 
borne: Suet. 

at-giro (Ads.), sSvi, sitnm, j.v.a, 
to sow, plant, or set near something 
(rare) : popnlua asaita limitibus, Hor. 

as-sero (Ads.), enU, ertnm, J. v.a. 
lit, to put or join to. Gen. : as legai 
1. 1.: manum or aliqnem manu, in libera 
tatem or Uberali causa or manu, also 
merely manu, and finally oftsol., to tay 
hands upon, to take holaqfa ilave and 
declare him free, to liberate (cf. Smith s 
Ant s. V. aasertor, p. 4$) : a quisquam 
banc liberal! asseruisset manu. PI. : 
quum in causa Uberali enm, qui asee- 
rebatur oognattmi, suum esse diceret, 
Cic : asserui Jam me, rupiqne catenas, 
Ov. 2. Auquem In servitutem, to 
declare one to be a slave by laying the 
hand upon him, to claim as a slave : 
M. Claudlo cUentl negotinm dedit ( Ap. 
Claudius), ut virginem in servitutem 
assereret^ Uv. ||. Hence, in g^n. : 
to free from, topvtect, dtfend : digni- 
tatem, Suet 2. With ace. and dot. : 
to appropriate, to claim: nee laudea 
assere nostras, claim not for yourself, 
Ov. : and by inversion : me assere coelo, 
claim me for the sky, i. e. assert my 
celestial origin, id. 

aatertio (Ad8.X Cnis, /. [asscro] a 
format dedsuration respecting the free- 
dom or servitude of any person : perfU* 
soriae assertiones, unsupported declara- 
tions of freedom. Suet 

MSertor (Ada.), oris, m. [id.] one 
who formally asserts theU another 
is free or a slave : L a restorer qf 
liberty: populo dctnctante dominatio- 
nem atque asaertores flagitante. Suet. 
Fig.: a protector, deliverer, advocate : 
publicus aasertor damnis snppressa le- 
vabo pectora, Ov. ||. he tciko c2aim« 
or dedaru one to be a slave: quum 
inataret assertor puellae, Liv. 

attertas (Ads.), a, um. Part, [aa- 
sero, uij. 

aa-aorvlo (Ads.), 4. v. n. to serve, 
assist : oontentkmi vods aaservlont, 

afi^eryo (Ada.), avl. atum, I. V. a. 
to keep, preserve, guard, vatch, observe : 
tabulae negUgentius assorvatae, Cic. : 
portaa mnroaque, Caes. 

ftlMMlo (Ada.). 5ni8, /. [assideo] a 
sitting by (to eoasole) : Cic 

atMgfor (Ada.). Oris, m. [id.] he 
who sits by another, an assessor, as^ 
sistant : Lacedaemonii regibus suia au- 
gurem asseasorem doderunt, Cic 

aSMflrai (Ads.), a, nm. Part, [as- 

aSfSrSranter (Ads.), ade. [ease- 
vero] with asseveration, eamertly, em- 
phatually: UxpA valde aaaeverantcr, 

aatlTlrfttIo (Ada.). Onis, /. [id.] a 
vehement assertion, affirmatum, ossere- 
ratUm: omnl tlbi asaeveratlone afflrmo. 
Cic. II. firmneu, rigour: mult* as- 
severatione ooguntur patrea, Tac 

as-tiTdro (Ada.X avi, atom. 1. r. o. 
[aavems] lit., io act with earnestness, 
to pursue earnestly: quae est ista d^ 
fenslo? utmm aaseveratnr in hoc, an 



t«ntatitr,if it here conducted in earnest, 
CIc II. Of8peech:to(M«er(«(rof^jf, 
Urmljf: iinun illud flnntoidiDe aatere* 
nbftt in exiUun ae Itonim. kL Also 
de allqoa re : quemMlinodum adverw- 
tiUM de qtuque re UKveret, id. Fig. : 
asaeverant magni artu Gennaoicam 
OTigliiem, oroc/oJM, proves Tac. 

M-^UUm (>^)* >6dl, aeaaum, i. v. n. 
and ar£iedeo3 to ftt ^ or luar : -apod 
earbooea, PI.: in Tilmrti. CIc. ||. 
Fig. : totUat <m£i Hde^ om aUendant, 
vrUectert nunct etc.: with dot.: qunm 
Pnnpeiua P. Lentolo oonaali f^«<iaens 
aaalderet. Id. |l|. legal 1. 1.. to a$iiit 
in the offce f\f jndgt, toltean tu$e$$or: 
Tac f^. to be a$»idhumtljf enffOffed 
about: Uteris. PUn. V. to «ie down 
before a plaee hoetOdjft to beaiegct 
uLodeade : oonstr. with dot. or cue, : 
Gracdms aaaldena tanttim OaMilino, 
lAy, : mnroa assidet boatis, Vlrg. V|. 
to reeenMe : parous nlmliimque severus 
aasidet insano, Hor. 

is-ddOi •Mi, noperf.part. 3. v.n, 
to $it down, seat onmtf: asaldo, aocor* 
nintservi,80oooBdetnhant,Ter. With 
oor. : Hienipsal deztra Adbeitalem aa- 
sedit, 901 davon on his right. Salt 

lUldftd (•^)t od». eontinuaUif, 
conttantlM: voces quaa audio assidue, 
Oc : aaaldne veoiebat, k^t coming con- 
ttantlf Virg 

asddfiltM (.Mis,). &ti8./. [asdduusl 
a constant sitting ojf or near, attend- 
«Mce: medlci asstdoitas, dc So of 
candidates for offices, who paid con- 
stant attentl<m to tha people: raluit 
asskiuitate, valutt obserrandis amlcis, 
valuit liberalitate, kL ||. constant 
presence: Suet. |||. the continued 
duration qf anything : also, recttrrenoc, 
repetition: bellomm, Cic : epistolarum, 
unbroken correspondence^ H. And with- 
out gen, ; talis in remp. nostram labor, 
assiduitas, assiduUjf, constant caret id. 

Mlldito (<Mis.), adv. continsiaUyt 
abcays: n. 

Mlldfiof t U 9t. the name </ the 
eitisensin thejlve classes qf the Servian 
constitution^ e/teruards called locu' 
vletes, and opposed to the proletarU : 
qumn locnpletn assidnoii (Servius) ap- 
pollastet ab aere d«)do, Cic Hence for 
a rich person : nocteeqne diesque aasio 
duo satis superque est, PI. 

atddllvs (ads), a. um, ad^j. {from 
assideo. like oontinuus from oonUneo] 
one sitting by or near, continuaUy pre- 
sent, in constant attendance: qnum hie 
Alius assiduus in praediis esset, Cic 
80 of the constant attendants npon 
candidates: and sarcastically of para- 
sites : urbani asiiidui dves, ouos scurras 
Tocant, PI. II. continual, unremit- 
ting, perpetueU: nostma assiduo labwe 

aangn&tlO (ads.), (tals,/. [asslgnol 
o wtarnng out, an assit,nwtent, allot- 
ment : haeo agromro asslgnallo, Ch:. 
Piter, and absoT. : novae asslgnationes, 

aa-dgno (ad**), avl, atum, i. v. a. 


to mark out, to assign, to confer upon, 
aUo<.* mHit ex agro tno tantum assi^Ms, 
quantum corpore meo oocupari potest, 
Cfe. Esp. of the division of imbllc 
lands: utagermllitibualegionlaMartiae 
assignaretur, id. Hoioe, ama aaalg- 
uant, they found a coUmy, Hor. n> 
Me ton. : to ascribe, to imptUe to (gen. 
in a bad sense) ; nee vero id homini turn 
quisquam, sed tempori aasignandnm pu- 
tavit,Cic In a good sense : nosomnia, 
quae pruqwra tibi evenere, tuo ocmsilio 
asslgnare. liv. 8. to commit to onis 
care, to consign, ami e oontr.; to ap- 
jwifi4 OS guardian, etc (rare) : quibos 
deportanda Romaro reglna Juno asslg- 
nata erat, kL Fig. : bonos Javenes as- 
signare funae, to consign tkem to fame, 
PL 8. to maJbe a mark wpoii, to 
seal; tabellas. Pers. 

ati^IUo (ads.),jBiii, saltmn, 4. v. n, 
fsaliol to leap, spnhg upon, or jump at: 
moenUMis urbts, Ov. Poet, of the dash- 
Ing of water : asslUens aqua, id. Fig.: 
asillire ad aliud genus orationis, to 
jump to, Cic 

,ter (ads.), v. assimnlanter. 
(ads.), V. asslmulatio. 
(ads.), e, <uM. similar, 
like : with gen, or dot. (rare) : assimilis 
suL Ov. : cadenti, Virg. 

•tribnlUter (ads.), ado. in Uke 
manner: PI. 

MdmUfttai (ads.), a, um. Part. 
[assimuloymads similar. Wee: montl- 
bQ\ asslmnlata nnbila, Lucr. H. 
feigned,prttended, devised: fioniUaritas, 

M-^hnttlo (not assimilo) (ads.), 
avL atiun, i. «. a. and n. to make Uks, 
to think Wee, to consider as similar, to 
compare: linquitur nt totls animattbos 
asslmulentur, be though Wee, Lucr.: 
deoe in nllam hcimani oris q>eolem aa- 
slmnlare, Tac : convivia aaslmulare 
fivto, to compare, Ov. H. to eoMNtor. 
feit, to pretend, to feign. With ace., 
inf., ace. tmdittf., or with quasi. With 
occ. : cUpemn Jubamue, vlrg. With 
simple ttfjf. ; amare, PL WlUi aoc. and 
inf. : ego me assimulem insanire. Id. 
With quasi: assimnlabo quasi nunc 
exeam, Ter. AbsoL: quid si assl- 
mulo f id. [The true form is aasimulo, 
thou|^ some MSS. read assimilo: cf. 
the variations between optumus and 
optimus with other a^Js. In •iimta: 
aestumo and aestlmo, «to.] 

tsfis. !«>«»•«» as, 9. «. 

UflB, is, m. and/. a=axis, q. v. 

U-dftO (ads.), aaati. no perf. part. 
}. V. n. to nand at or by, to aUend, be 
present at: fllium pnenli aetate in 
publtoo. In conspectu patrls asdstere 
turpe ducunt, Caes.: oonsulum trlbu* 
nalibus assistere, to appear brfore, Tac : 
ita jacere talum. ut rectus asirfstat, 
stand erect, Ctc. 

astltm (ads.), a. nm. Part, [aa- 

ftt-tSUo (ads.). 2. v.n.tobe aecus- 
tomedoruxnt (only in the id person 
sing, and pllur. and impers,) : senatus, 


ouosadsoleret, refiBrendimioauait,Glc. : 
deinde quae aasolent, uhat is usual. 
Id. Hence the |diraae, ut aaaolet, as is 
usual, customary: sacrUldo, at asfoiet, 
rite facto, Liv. 

aiHlfillO (ada«)< !• V. fi. to souwd or 
respond to (rare): plangmtibaa asao> 

MfftMlelQ (ads.), ttd, Ihctum, 1. 
V. a, [asauetnsi to habituate, aevustom. 
Gonstr. with ON., dot, or <uC. With oM. r 
nulto offldo ant disdnUna aasuefhctf, 
Gaea, With doL : operf, Liv. With ad : 
ad supplida patrum plebem, fcL With 
intf. : equos eodem remanere vanMoJo 
aasneCKrant, Caes. 

at-ailMMO (ads.), ivi, Ctnm, J. IMS. 
and a. 1. Neutr. : to be aecustomod to, 
to be wont: with abL, inf., ad, in, or 
dot. MTith abL: genus pognae, qoo 
assuerant, Uv. With if\f. .* at freml- 
tum nsroesceret voce vinoere, Oc 
With od or <n: (uri) sssoeaeere ad 
homines ne parvuli quklem pocsonty 
Caes. With deU.: ex oMre, coi aaaoe- 
runt, Qoint. Absd. : sic aasoevL / am 
aoeustomed, Oc |l. Active : to ac 
custom to : (gen. past.) homines labof* 
assMuo et quotidlang assoeti, Oc : 
ne puerl, ne tanta animia assueadte 
bella, render not such greaJt wars fa» 
miUar to your minds, Virg. With 
gen. : Romania Gallid tumoltaa aa- 

aati&Stado (ads.), bis./. [asaoeCiiB] 
custom, habit (rare) : ionga aasnctDdo, 

AWMtng (ads.), a, um. Pari, [aa- 
sueaooj. ||. Adj. : accustomed, customs 
ary, usual : tempiu et aaeueta pooere 
in arte Juvat, Ov. : HIspananmi oohora 
assuetixnr montllms, Liv. 

Rl-ftico (ads.), ctum, }. «. a. to 
suck : assuctis labris, liocr. 

Aiaftla (in many MSS astnla), ae,/. 
a spUnter of wood, stone, etc, sftoete^, 
ehtp : forlbua faoere sssnlas, PI. 

tMfil&tilllt odv. in shivers or ipKn- 
ters: miltaodo assulatlm ftnlboa exi- 
thnn afferre. PL 

aifldto (ads.), avi, atom, i. v.freq. 
[assUioj to jump or leap at : constr. 
absoL with dot. or ace: canis aasaltana, 
PUn.: feminae assultabant at Inaani- 
entes Baochae, Tac H. ^ a^taclr, 
assault: tertia vigUia assultatum eat 

uraltOB (ads.), 11^ m. pd.1 a leap- 
ing upon, an eUtaek, assauu (rare) : 
looom variis assnltibus urget, Virg. 

ammi L «i. anything roasted: aa- 
Bom vitulinnm, roofC-eeal, CIc tl. 
In plttr. asM, arum, a sweating tool, 

as-muii (ads. and anciently arsum), 
aUbL adesse. (/*res. imperf, nibj. older 
form, asalem, assies, assiet, ete.; past 
imperf. sulff. sonratimes aflbrem, es, et, 
etc : utf.fut, alTare : i/mpttf. part, not 
used), V. n. to be at ae near, to be 
present: orones qui aderant axudUom 
petere ooepertmL Caes. With dot.: 
senatuifTsc«taiMl(y, toAcfp^ 




pnttct, fffort : Ibo ad forun, atqne 
aOquot ndU amioot advocabo, ad banc 
roi qioi addent, Ter. : ofigini Romanae 
CI iteai afftafaM, et non detatnnun tIt- 
tattB. lir. Hence in tnvocatlooa, etc. : 
aariv o Tenace, tevens, Viig. : adea 
Daa muu c iia anctor. Or. Z, to be 
ftttaU m$ a wifneM, to be witneo: 
pnmJMia tcsda adeato, M. Hence tbe 
tx Kribeodo adeaM (uau. plaoed at tbe 
be giai i in g of doeoaaenu), to be iimoil 
afwhwii toony fcyni doeiwiieni: Oc 
4. idfiMf animo or anlmia, to be 
i. e. to oMemi to, 06- 
aolmta. qui adea- 
ttooorporibu» id. Alao, to be 9fgood 
: qnamobrem adeate antania, 
at ttanorem, ai qnem babetia, 
depoQite, Id. 0. Of abatnct and 
laihaite thinga: to be atkamd,waU 
«r attaid vpon ; aderat jodklo dlea, Ut. 
flBoia aaaoni bona, qnem panea eat 
lirtaa^ PL Poet.: to be pretent or 
tmnittmlwUh: tadudboaLatUaaderia 

rn laato trtnmpbnm tox caoet (of 
ln»^X Or. II. With tbe idea 
rf Bottoa: toeavK, to appear z hi ex 
AMaJamaAitiiri vldentnr, etc: eooe 
I, ka» arrived^ Or. 
it,Uv. S.Le0»l 
1 1. to appear b^^bre a frAMnal : aa> 
la aa iuu t, VelL. 
__ t**^)' ^V^ nmtiiin. 1. 
iL a. la tabe to, to Colw «p or m, odoptf ; 
naqiiam oammittet, ot id, qood alter! 
dMmMrit. aibi aaaamat, Oc : aacn, 
Cirarta aaaimnita deOraeda, id.: aodna 
et adalBlata' ^■wf"*'"" oonatUomm aa- 

Salt: caotua dinoa 

, toofcooae worthy /riende, Hor. 
Fis.: IShan> tempore, omnto voloptaa 
■wainmia cot, oooia dolor repeUendna, 
Qc N. Without the idea of action: 
te raoctfoe, cbktin (paadrelj) : a veotia 
attwBU aaanmarc. Or. |||. to taJbs 
<a aiWh'— to, to odd to : oe qid poatea 
(iadi) Msamerentnr, Uv, |V. to 
■iavip, nwMWf, arroyoto: neqoe mihi 
qvMqnm aaaiimiiai. neqna bodle aaao- 

MO. Ck. V. In I<«^ <• < <<» <<o<« 

A« MMMT yrnUcf ^ a ayUcgitm : id. 

VL In fiam.. M'onipC& rerba, qN'« 

A«t. U. S.>|n*ra<^ cacprettKMU, 

IMUHUlTo (ada.), 9oia. /. [aaamno] 
« (oUm. nr»<e<iv. adopCtofi.- CIc 
■. u logic: the wiimar premiu cf 
• •yfihglm: Qidnt. 

_ MRBpOfUi (•«J^). a, ran, oa^. 
[awuaptuaj. In Rhetorfo: aaamnptlTa 
«»dt«tto or CMoaa. nakiek takee ito 
^wttBt /raai aoMa eMtrimic cAneuai* 

■Wll mill III (ttda.), a, ran. Part, [aa- 

(ads.), ). V. a. to aew on, 
P^ Ml.' po rp ure na aaauitur pannna. 

„. (ada.), anrrexl, iorrectuui, 
I* *• a. to rua opv tfoiMi «p: quae dnm 
uodatk) Kdlatnr. voa qo a eao. qui earn 
^'("fiulL aaaorglte, dc * asaor gere ex 
■">H Ur. Haoca, to riae «p oiU 

pf respect, » with dal. or obfol. : an 

gniaquam in curiam venienti aasurrexit? 
ic. In jMiu. impen. : ut miOoril>^ 
natn aaaurgatur, UL Hence, fig.: to 
yield the pweremee: sunt et Aminaeae 
Titea Tmolnia aaaurgit ouibna, Virg. 
2. Of inanimate things: coUea 
aaaoTgunt, Uv. ||. to motmt or totcer 
«p, to ritet to ftneU : qunm auMto 
aaauigena fluctu nimboaus Orion, Virg. 
III. Of mental ot^fecta: nunc aera 
quarelia baud Justia aaauigia, breolc out 
•» comptointo. Id. Of poetzy. eto. : to 
aoar, rite, raro aaamrgit Healodua, 

MI11f« <k UQt <M^« rooatod: ellxus 
eaae quam aaaua aoleo suavior, PI. 
H. Meton.: drjf^ gimpte: aaaa 
andaUo, a aweoHttg baiht Cela.: asana 
aol, a baekitta in the sun witkovU pre^ 
viouMamointmfftCfc.: femina or nutrtx 
aasa, a drjMturte : boo monatrant ve* 
tulae pueria repentibna asaae, Juv. 

ftiifterilO (odat.), 3. V. a. to Hrew 
WNNi, stretch out : aatenrantur aepulcro, 

igflpfll&tor («dat). 6rla. «a. [aatl- 
pulorj ofw icfto joins another vn a 
stipuuMiio or contract : teatea tot cum 
aattpulatore too coroparabuntur? dc 
Fig. one toho assents or agrees: lllud 
blnim eaae, et Stoid diennt at eorum 
aattpnUtor Antlochua, id. 

a^pUor (•dat.), atua, i. «. dtp. 
Lit. to join another in a stipulation or 
conlraet. ||. Fig. to agree vi.Asaa- 
aentirl (rare) : aatlpularl irato conauU, 

Mtltfto (•*t), lltran, i. V. a. [sto- 
tuoj to ptoee at or fMor (veiy rare) : 
jttbui' asUtui aulaa (ollaa), PI. 

a^^tO (Aflat.), stiti, noperf.parf. i. 
V. fi. to ttafid at or netiri to ataiid by, 
atoodiftU: followed brvarioua prep., 
or with dat.t ace. or w. : quum Alex- 
ander in Sigeo ad AchllUa tnmulum 
aatitlaset, dc. : aatat in conapectu meo. 
Id. : auinm caput, Virg. Fi g. : oerta 
quldem finis ritae mortalibua aatat, 
anKoUs morialSr Lucr. ||. to stand 
at on^s side as counsel, to assist: PI. 

III. Poet.: of thinga; to be in ex- 
isteitce: aatante ope barbarica, Enn. 

IV. to stand up, to stand t^w^JU : 
aqnunia astantlbua, Virg. 

IL-itrSpo (adatr.), j, v. n. and a. to 
make anoHeator to : aatrepebat vulgua 
diverab Indtamentla, Tac ||. With 
dat. likeaociamo. to applaud, hussa: 
haeo dtoenti aatrepere vulgua, id. 
III. As V. act. : eadem. Id. 

•Itliotfi (•dstr.), adv. concisety, 
bri^y (only of dlaooune) : orationem 
nonaatriete aed remiaaiua numeroaam 
eaae <^xniera, dc. 

MtrietOB (adatr.). a, urn, Par*, faa- 
txingoj drotcn together. Hence o^..* 
tight, narrow, dose: Umen astrlctum, 
shut, Ov. ||. Fig.: Of speedi: 
concise, short (opp. to remissus) : dia- 
lectica quad contracta et aatricta elo- 
qDentlapatandateat,dc 8. poni- 

monums, covetous, dose-Jlsted : pater, 

a-ftringO (adatr.), inxi, ictum, ;. 
V. a. to drtuo close, to bind, to tighten, 
contract^ etc.: huiic aatringite ad 00- 
lumnam fortiter. PI.: artiua atque he- 
dera procera aatringitur ilex, is twined 
around, Hor. Fig. : amioe quam non 
aatrlcto percurrat pulpita aocco. not 
drawn dose, loose, for an inaceurate 
style ef uriting, id. Of the oonCrao- 
tlon occasioned bj cold : rentla gladea 
aatricta pependlt, Ov. ||, Fig.: to 
draw dooer, dreumsertbe : to bind, put 
under obligation, necessitate: pater 
nimia indulgena, quidquU ego aatrlnxi, 
relaxat, dc. : aauingl aacrla* tobe boaiid 
to maintain then^ Id. 8. to ooa»- 
mit onesdf to, become guUty of: et 
Ipsum aaaa et itlmn ftirti astrlngeret, 
PL 8. Of reaaoning or discourse : 
to compress, abridge: Stoid brevlter 
aatrlngere aolent argranenta, dc. 

am(158lft, M. /. « Mvpo^oyCa, 
hnouAedge of the stars (choa. for the 
later aatronomia^ : do. 

IStHUStTXf. l, m.^A<rrooK6yot, am 
a str ono me r (class, for tbe later a^tn^ 
nomua): dc ||. a star-4nterpreter, 
astrologer: Suet. 

I^ftnoili U n.eaKSarporf a star, a 
constellation : orbem per duodena rmt 
mundl aol aureus aatra, Vlig. ||, 
Meton.: heaven, immortality : dc itur 
ad aatra. Id.: eduoere In aatra, Hor. 
Poet.: heigM: turrlm sub aatra edoa- 
tam. Virg. 

•Fitrao (tdatr.), uxL nctran, j. v. a. 
to build near or in addition : utrique 
(vlllae) quae deannt aatmere, Plin. 
II. Fi g. : to otie «p. heap on, add 
to: with aoe. tad dot.: nobilltatem ao 
decua, Tac. |1|. to fkmiA with: 
ountignatloDem laterculo aatruxerunt, 

aftlli <*• iudod. ra irrv, a city, ttp. 
Jtikena (aa rata for Room) : dc 

Utnlfti V. aasula. 

iritftpSo (ad*^)* <• V. ft. to be 
stunned at, be astonished: aatupet Ipse 

aatnit &*• "^ deeemest, cra/(. eitii- 
ning (shewn In a aingle act, wblle aa- 
tutla dealgnatee cunning as a trdt of 
diaracter): nam doll non di^li sunt, 
nid astu oolaa. PL: conrillo veivare 
doloa ingressua et astu indplt baoc, Virg. 

atttli6t <*^^- cntftUy, cunningly: 

aftfttiUu >^>/- [aatutua]. Orig. das 
tertty. odroitfieM .* (qulbua feris) abest 
ad praecavendum Intelllgendl aatntJa, 
Pac In dc. Later In a bad sense : 
cunning, slyness, craft : Inest spes no- 
bis in bac aatutia, PI. In plur. : alitor 
leges, alitor jdiiloeopbi toliunt astutias 

attfttnii ^ ^D. ^' Dengtbened 
form of astos] dever, es^ert : more 
freq. in a bad aense : sly, cunning, 
ar^ul, etc. : mains, callidu8,aatutua ad« 
modum,Pl.. ratio, do. 

aitJ, ▼. Mtu. 





T^tHft, a Mwiettuiry, an asylum: Bo I 
mulut Mylom aperit, liv. 

ftiyniMlllSt •• vun, adj.zsiiffvttih- i 
koit contrOnUing noiking, toot-frte 
(pure LaU InuDttoii, Hor.): Ter. 

at or aitt <^* (t^« Utter ancient form 
is retained by the poets, and by Cicero 
in bis letters. For the sake of euphony 
soniettmea written ad). J^i denotes 
tranalllon of thouriit, and in roost cases 
adds something, the effect of which is 
to diminish or destroy the force of what 
has been admitted : sed is a word of 
opposition, and at one of addition: 
at is always at the beginning of a 8en> 
tence or clause. |. Mere transition 
(fireq. with a limiting meaning) : but, 
fet: cominua gladiis pugnatum est: 
at OermanU oeleriter i^lange fiMta, 
impetus gladioTum exceperunt. Caes. 
Hence at ft«qnently occurs at the be- 
^ninff of the subdivisions of works, 
as the books of the Aeneid, Ovid's Me* 
tamorphoaes, etc., in which caaes it 
serves to indicate a cloae connection, 
yet by way of contrast, between the 
end of the preceding divisioo and the 
begtniUng of the now one, e. g. : talibus 
exemplis monltae nova sacra Ikiequen- 
tant, turaque dant, sanctasqne colunt 
Ismenides aras (the last two lines of 
Ov. M. i) : at Don AldthoS Mtnyeiaa 
or|^ cenaet aodpienda del (the com- 
mencement of the next book). 2. 
Esp. in emi^tic or impassioned style: 
oonsurgit Tumus in ensem et ferit. At 
perfldus etuis fk«ngltur in medio, but, 
io! Virg. Hence m appeals and pas- 
sionate exclamations : at tu nauta, 
vagae ne paroe malignus arenae ossibus 
ct capiti inhumato particulam dare, 
Hor. And in Ironical expressions: at 
credo mea numina tandem feasa Jaoent, 
Virg. II. In adding something dif* 
ferent ftom what has been previously 
mentioned: but, but then, but on the 
other hand : nefarlus Hippias Plsistrati 
Alius arma contra patrlara ferens : at 
Sulla, at Marlus, at Cinna recte, immo 
Jure fortasse, Clc.: Cingetorix rimul 
atque de Caesaris adventu oognltum est 
ad eum venit. At Indntiomams bellum 
parare instltuit, Caes. Strengthened 
with pol, edepol, hercle, etc. Ha, Oandio 
ero vobis. Ad. At edepol nos roluptati 
tibi, PI. With oon^ti, e contrario, 
potius, etiam, vero, etc: (Comntiis) 
taedlo cnrarum mortem in se festlnavit : 
at contra reus nihil Infiracto animo, 
ouatere vlncula, Tac.: at etiam sunt, 
Oulrites. qui dicant, a me in exiUtmi 
Rectum esse (TatiUnam, on the contrary, 
there art even peoph toho «ay, Clc 
2. In anticipating an ol^tlon or 
introdudnf an answer, at may fte> 
quently be translated, but it ntay be 
iaid^ but it may be objected : quidporro 
quaerendum est^ Factumne sit? At 
cfffistat : A quo ? hi patet, id. 8. 
With enim, to st%ta a reaaon for an 
dejection : but cerf atn{y, but consider, 
but indeed, etc: at enim nimls hie 
5« I 

longo iermone utirour ; diem conttdmns. 
Pi. And in questions : at enim cur a 
me potisslmum hoc praeddium petive- 
runt? Cic. 4. After a condition or 
concession expresaed by si, etiamsi, etsi^ 
etc. : yet, still, at least : Uceat haec no- 
Us, si oblivlsci non possumus, at t*- 
cere, id. 5. Sometimes equivalent 
to sed: non est, inquit, in parietibus 
res publica. At in arts et focts, Clc 

&t&t or atatat [»t repeated] also 
several timw repeated atAtatae, attar 
tatatae, or atatte, atattate, etc, intefj. 
An exclamation of Joy, pain, wonder. 
fHffht, warning, etc, : oh ! ah I alas ! 
Io T strange ! etc : PI. : Ter. 

&t&711l, 1. ■•. [avual the father of 
the great-ffreat-grand^atker (abavi), (or 
greaUgreat-grandmother), opp. to the 
adhepoa. ||. Me ton. like avus, 
abavns, etc. : ancestor, forgather : Tur- 
ntis avis ata%*isque potens, Vii^g. 

ftteUinleni* «, om, a4g. beUmaing 
to the Atellan farce : exodium. Suet. 

fttoUftallUt »> v>m« <i49' pertaining 
to the Atdkm/arce : versus, C^c 

ftteUftnxiSt >• ^u°t <i4/> of or be- 
longing to Atetta, an aiKient town cf 
the Osci: Atellana fSOmla. fabella, or 
absoi. Atellana, ae, /. a popular kind 
of farce, respecting whloi v. &nith's 
Ant. ^6. 

HtulftniUi I, «a. an actor in an 
AtMan farce: Clc 

&ter> tra, trum, a4if. Uack {dead 
Hack, dlff. trcm niger, glossy black): 
album an atram vinum potas i VL: 
mare, dark, stormy: Hor. Poet.a 
atratus : dcthed in black : Uctores atii, 
kt II. Pig- <fo*^> gloomy, sad, dis- 
mal, unfortunate, etc: timor. Virg.: 
mors, Hor.: Eaqulliae, as a burying* 
place, id. Dies atri are the days on 
which the state experienced some ca- 
lamity, unlucky days: si atro die faxit 
insdena, probe tectum esto, Uv. |||. 
Poet: malevolent, malicious^ vinUent 
(rare) : versua, Hor. 

&tnfioi Qu). ij m.^i$eot^one%oho 
does not believe tn a God, an atheist : 
Dlagoras, atheoa qui dictus eat, Cte. 

ithldta. ae, ». and athletes^ 

i$kirr^, a wrestler, a prise-jfighter, 
athlete: Ctc 

lihldttoS. adv. aiKktieaUy: PI. 

atSmuSi «. am. a^.csiroiiot, un- 
divided, indivisible: tus, Plin. Far 
more fireq. Subst. atomus, i, /. as ^ aTo- 
fun, an indivisible element, an atom: 
of these atom!, all things, aoc to the 
doctrine of Donocritus, are composed, 


atqOA or ao (the latter in class, 
prose In gen. <mly before consonanta), 
oof^. [tnm adoue, which form some>- 
tlmes occurs In MSS. and inscriptions] : 
a copulative particle, denoting a closer 
connection between the ideas repre- 
sented by single words or entire cUuses 
than is Implied by et : and aleo, and 
besides, cma even, and. 

A. Ib Joining single words: 
ex animo ac vere dioere, Ter.: oopia 

sententiarum atque verbomm, Ctc 
With simul: Britannorum acies in 
speciem sfanul ac tenvrem editioribo* 
lods constiterat, at once to make a 
Aow and to inspire terror, Tac 2. 
It is emplc^od to Join two subsU, wbfdi 
together represent a single complex 
ld«a: Isto animo atque virtnte, with 
this virtuous feding, (Tic 8. In 
adding a more important word : and 
indeooL and even : magna dils tm- 
mortalibua habenda est gratia atque 
huic ipai Jovi SUtori. id. With adeo: 
non petentem atque adeo etiam absen- 
tam, Liv. With etiam: Id lam popo- 
lare atque etiam pUuislbile factam es*. 
Oc With the pron bio, U : roaxlmis 
deflxis trabibos atque eb proeacotLt, 
Caes. If. In comparisons: 1. 
With par, idem. Item, aeqnus, atmllU, 
Juxta, talis, totidem, etc., as: neque 
enim mihi par ratio cnm Ludlk) est ac 
tecum ftdt, Clc: pariter patribus ac 
plebi cams, Liv. 2. With alhis, dls- 
similla, contra, oontrarlus, eecus, etc.: 
than, to, from: illi sunt alio ingenic 
atque ti^ PI.: quod est noo dlaraaile 
atque ire in Sokmlnm, Cic 8. Scmc^ 
tiines in both cases (i, i) with ut or 
si: quod Iste aliter atqne ut edixerat 
decrevisset, id. Egnatii absentia ran 
ut tueare, aeque a te peto ac si mea 
negotia essent, as much as if, id. 4. 
More rare with nhnls, in partem, pro 
eo, etc. : nlmls hie bellus, ailque ut ease 
maxume optabam, loctis est^ PL 5. 
Sometimes the word indicating com- 
parison (aeque. tantopere, etc?) is to 
be sn[^lied fhnn the connection (very 
i«rBinclai«.proee): quoneaae amlcnm 
ratus sum atque ipsus sum mihi, id. 
6. With oomparatlvea for quam, 
than: hatid minus ac Jussi fadunt, 
Virg. 7. With adverbs of time, 
eniec timul (v. examples under stmul). 
Also with principio, statim : prindpic 
atque animus ephebis aetate exiit. Pi. 
B. To connect whole clauses : and, 
and so, and even, and too; hence tome* 
times with sic or similiter : AIHcanus 
indigens md ? Miniroe hercle. Ac no 
ego quidem llliu*. Cte. 2. To annex 
something «npfaatic or Important : hoc 
enim spectaut leges, hoc volunt, in* 
coltunem esse dvium oonjunctiooem, 

3 nam qui dirlmunt, eoa morte ooeroent. 
Ltqne hoc multo magis efRcit ipsa 
naturae ratio, id. 8. In expreodng a 
wish, uso. atque utinam : >idcinua enim 
foisse quosdam, qui iidem ornate ac 
graviter, ildem >-er8ute et subllllter 
dicerent. Atque utinam in Latinls tatj^ 
oratoris simulacrum reperire poesemiis ! 
id. 4. To connect an adversative 
clause: often with tamen: pet, never' 
tkeless: ego quia non rediit ftllua, 
quae oogito! Atque ex me hie natna 
non est, sed ex fhitre, Ter. 5. To 
connect a minor affirmative premiss : 
now, bta : Ck^ Q. In antldpating an 
oMeoUon : ac ne sine canaa vlderetur 
edixisse, kL 7. In comparisons .- ar* 
que ut (Poet : atque velut) : kL : ae 




v-riad magno in popalo qanm uepe 
cotfu est mUtio, V in. 

Clo psitkulArparasw: L Alios 
itqw aUxis: one ana oiioAAer; ww this^ 
mme that : Liv. 2. Atque eocam or 
s^«e cocmn video : see now, beheld : 
Ter. 3. With other coqJonctloiiB : 
a. After et : eqoidem patabam 
rtrtntem homiiilbu iiuUtueado et per- 
SQidendo, non minis et vi ac xnetu 
tiad, GSc b. After cue, submove* 
ntfoe fttqoe ia CMtn redl|rf, Liv. o. 
After meqme : natanun Oceani atque 
MMos oeqtie qnaerere hi^us operis est, 
•c molti retalere, Tac 4. Atque re- 
peated : atque ut C. Flominlum atque 
«» quae jam prtiica vtdentur, propter 
Tetnwatem relioqoam, Cic Esp. freq. 
a tlw poets r baec atque ilia dies atque 
tUa aiqoe aUa. Cat. 

it-qni oory. [quisquol. To con- 
DKt ao emplMtic adversatCve assertion 
«r dsBM: butf yet, notwUhMtanding, 
*wpe m, TVtftar, but now, but neverthe' 
Im.mmdfeL CI. Satis sdte pnnittit 
M. Sy. Atqui tu banc Jocari credis f 
<mI yet do yon tuppom that the it jeH- 
«Vf Ter.: tmn, ut me Cotta vidlt, 
penpportsne, inquit, renis : atqui milii 
wxpie videor, inqnam, vcmsse, ut 
ws, cnportuoe, roMer / seem to «iy> 
W' Cic 2. Sometimes merely to 
tsthidnce emphatically a new or con- 
flnnatoiy, but not antithetkal clause: 
Mod, ceriaimlif, by aU meant: et 
VUhm, praeclaram veto cansam ad me 
delertis, qoum me tmprobitatis patro- 
ciriam soadpere vultis. Atqui id tibi, 
Inqait LaeUoL verendnm est, certainly 
Onide.).id. With jwl or tu;.- atqui sic 
snnmis hominlbua emditissimis ao- 
ffbiuaLyet $o tee hate certainly heard, 
U. 8. In conditional sentences : 
SU|«1 si: tf iM»D, now indeed, if; wett 
■•»• ift or adversative : but %f now: 
lbs veniat. Atqui, si tllam dlgito at- 
lifertt, ocoH iUi iUioo effodientnr, Ter. : 
Mqoi, si Ha placet. Inqoit Antoniua, 
mdenos etlam, well now, if, CIc 4. 
To K^ or modify (s(»netimes to con- 
inn, but In a different sense, no, 5u<) 
a prcoeding negation or negative inter- 
nptka: yei, etiU, neverthete*$, mip 
<^Md ; jfu NttJiquam auferes bine 
«na. Ch, Atqui jam daUs: No— 
hrt you wM give tttome, PI. : rem, 
laqnii^ dtfflcUem et inezplicabilem. 
Atqol expUcanda est, CIc 5. To 
oww ct a minor premiat, whether 
tfbaative or negative (while atque 
*^ oooDccta an affirm, proposition) : 
••V, hut, but now; qui fortis est, tdm 
■t fldois. Qui antem eat fldeos, is 
pro(cci» non eztimeadt. Atqui in 
%9ta csdit aegrltndo, in enndem timor, 

ItrlmntOSIj, U n. [ater] anyUaek 
^T^: scpiae, CIc: vriling4nk: ca> 
w>o et alrameoio temperato. Id. : 
fhtt W aci ii ip, blue sulphate of copper, 

itlfttlli a, no Cid.1 darkened: 
fBid qiH4 flavius alrmnu sanguine 

fluxit? Cic II. clothed in black or 
mourning : oedo, qtiis unquam coenarit 
atratus i id. 

fttrlensift ^ "*• [atrium^ the over- 
seer ^ the haU or court (atrium), and 
in gen. of the house, a steward, m^cfjor- 
domo: PL: Cic. 

&trl51ll]lli U **• ^^"^ D^'l o small 
hall, an ante<hamber : CTc. 

fttrltas, atis, /. [ater] blackness: 

fttrlnaif it, n. tAe hall or principal 
room in a Roman house (v. Smith's 
Ant. 142) : Cic Poe t. in the plur. of 
a single atrium apparet domus intus et 
atria longa patescunt, Yiig. M e t o n. : 
the whole house: nee capient Fhrygias 
atria nostra nurus, Ov. So dt the en- 
trance-room in the dwelling of the gods : 
dextra laevaque Deorum atria nobiUum 
vidvis oelebnuitur apertis, id. ||. 
a particular sort of temple, or part 
of a temple : in atrio Libertatjs, Cic 
(V. Smith's Ant. 48). So atrium ano* 
tfamarlum, an auoion room, id. 

fttrOoitaB, fttto,/. [*trox] Jierceness, 
har^MSS, haitfulnvu : sceleris. Sail. : 
temporum. Suet. ||. Of the mind 
or manners : rage, savageneu, cruelty, 
roughness : ego quod in hiac causa 
vehementior sum, non atrodtate animi 
moveor, Cic 8. In philosophy and 
law : severUy, rigour: atrodtas formu- 
larum, the Hgid striOness of judicial 
fonnttlas, QuinL 

atr6<dterf <*^^- violently, Jiercely, 
cruMy, severely, harshly: nimis atro- 
dter minitans alicui, Cic 

&trox« Ods, adj. savage, eruel,Jierce. 
harsh, severe, etc (both of things and 
persons ; soena, only of perscms) : 
res tarn scelesta, tam atrox, tarn nefaria 
credi non potest, Oc.: Agri^ina acm- 
nor strox, oZioayt gloomy, Tac : hora 
Cauicttll tlagrantis, Uor.: atrodssimae 
literae, Cic : bellum magnum et aUt>x, 
Sail. Poet: firm, inflexMe: el 
cuncta terrarum subacta praeter atzo- 
oem antanimi Catonis, Hor. 

attaOtUS (adt), a» um. Part, [at* 

atMOtU (adtX tls, m. [attingo] a 
touching, touch (very rare, and only In 
oM. sino.): Vlrg. 

attiUlOllI* A> um, a^. pertaining 
to Attalus, king €(f Pergamus : urbes, 
i.e, Pergamean, Hor.: vestes, woven 
with, gcid. Prop. AbsoL : Attalica, 
orum, n. flu. (se. vestimenta), gar- 
menCs of woven gold, Plin. Meton. : 
nlendid, briUiant, rich : Attalids con- 
mttonibniB, Hor. 

Jittftmeilf <i^v. (also, as two words, 
at tamenX but yet, btU however, never' 
thdess : attamen qnod ftiit roboris duo- 
bus praellis interilt, Caes. 

attat •oi attote. v. aut. 

attmit •«. 7^ a cottage, hut : Mau- 
rorum atteslae. Juv. 

att0mp«rftii (•dt.), adv. oppor- 
tunely, in the niek of time : Ter. 

at-tando (*<lt.), endl, entum. }. v. a. 
Orig., to strUdi or bend (e. g. the bow) 

in soin« directum: arcum, App. Hence, 
in geiL, to direct or turn towards : at- 
tenoere signa ad aliqnid, to attacii. 
Quint. II. Fi g. : auimum or animcs 
attendere, or absol. atteuderf>^ also 
animo attendere, to direct the attention, 
bend the mind, to attend to, consider 
(ci. advertere auimum, aud animadver- 
^Tt). \, Auimum or animos .- Jubet 
peritos linguae attendere animum, pas- 
torum sermo agreeti an lU'lumo propior 
esset, Liv. With a relative clause: 
nunc quid velim, animum attendite, 
Ter. 2. AbsoL : rem gratam vobis 
dum breviter expono, quaeso. diligenler 
attendite, Cic With ace. qf tlie thing 
or person to which the attention in 
directed : sed stuporem homiuis atten- 
dite, id. Pass. : versus aeque prima eC 
media et extrema pars attendltur, id. 
With inf. or occ. with ir\f.: uun atten- 
dere superitts iUud ea re a se esse con- 
ceasum, id. With relat. ckuaes : quum 
attendo, qua prudentia sit Hortensius, 
id. With de: quum de necessitate 
attendemuB, id. Post-Aug. with dat.: 
eloquentlae plurimum atteodit, applied 
to, studied. Suet. 

attontd 0><^^)> ^^' attentivelv, 
carefully, duigently: attente audln?, 


attontio ("dt.), (JnlB, /. [attendo] 
a bending qf the mind, attention : Cic. 

at-tento (adtento or adtempto), avi, 
atum, I. V. a. freq. [attendo J to reach 
after: hence, to try, attempt, assail, 
attack : attentata defectio, the attempted 
revolt, Liv. : Capuam att^tarl suspica- 
bamur, L e. to oe seduced to revolt, Cic. 
mecum flidentla jura si tamen atteutas, 
attack, Hor. Of a warlike attack: vi 
attentantem repellere, Tac 

attontm ("dt.), a, um, Part, [ot- 
teiidoj fitrectod toioard*, attentice : 
animus, Ter.: acerrima atque attentis- 
sima oogitatio, a very acute and dose 
manner of thinking, Cic H. bent 
on or striving after, earful, frugal, 
industrious: \mum hoc vitlum senectns 
affert bominibus, attentiorea sumus aU 
rem omnes, Ter. 

attentOB ("dt.), a, um, PaH. [ot- 

attenUti (adt.]). adv. without rhe- 
toriccd ornament, simply : Cic 

attSnliitOB (adt.), a, um. Part. 
[attenuoj thinned, ei\feebled, weakened, 
wedki attenuatus amore. Ov. Of dis- 
course : shortened, bri^: ipsa iUa pro 
Roado juvenilis redundantia multa na- 
bet attenuata, Cic 2. polished, too 
refined, of eetcd : oratio nimia religiooe 
attenuata! Id. 

at-tinuo (adt.1 avI. atum, i. v.a. 
to thin, to make thin, weakj or lean; to 
lessen, diminish : bellum (servile) ex- 
spectatione Pompeii attenuatnm atque 
iraminutum est, adventu sublatum oc 
scpnltnm. Cic: legio prooliis attenuata, 
Caos. Fig.: insiguem attenuat Leus, 

at-tSro (Adt.), tilvi, tritum (perf. 
attrnd, Tib.) 3. v. a. to rub at, MuurJ.-, 





or agawat (In do. osed onlj oooe « a 
p«rt.): Oniierns lenlter atlereos Cfta- 
dun, bru$kiitg Ma toil towarda you, 
Hor. Poet of theactioD ofanmnlng 
stresm upon mxtd : Or. |t to rtS 
neoHjf tkroHf^ (v. ad, 0. 5): hence 
fig. to dealrojff waate, weaieen, impair; 
poetqnam altefl alterot aUqaantom at- 
triverant. Sail. : nee pnbUcantu atterit 
(Oennanoe), e xHa vat a, dren'ftt, Tac 

at-taftor (adt.). atos, uv.dq9.t0 
bear Miitneaa to^ aiteat, oonfirm (rare) : 
hoc atteatatnr brovis Aeeopl nlKdai 

at-taZO (i^t.), exni, extnm. j. v. a. 
to weave or pUtit on or (o(rBre) : tnrree 
oontabulantnr, pinnae loricaeqne ex 
cratibue attexontor, Caee. H. ^ 
gen. : to add : partem attexitote mor 
talon, Clo. 

attiMf odo, in the MUe vtMkenian 
mamner: dc 

attloiltOt I. 9. n. =s <lm«t6*, to 
iw%UaU the Mkenian wtatmer: PL 

attitont. «, urn, a4y.3s*ATTuc^, ^ 
mvertaining to Attica or JUkenaf Mtie, 
Athenian ; Attica fides, L e. «tnoere, 
jflrm, proverb.: Veil. 

atttgO (*dt.), 6re, old form for at- 
tingoTw tntAj itrike, etc : PL 

at-tiblte, tmul, tentum. 2. v. a. and 
«.Tteneo] I, v. a. to kM -on, hold 
fau^ delapf he^, etc: aliqoem ante 
ocolo*. PL : led ego oomperlor Bocchom 
Panlca fide tfannlKomauoe et Numldam 
tpe pads attbraiue, deta ine d^ amuaed. 
Sail. II. V. n. to atreteh to, to reach 
to, wnex nunc Jam cnltroe attinet, i. e, 
ad cultroa attinet, holda himae^ to the 
knife, PI. 2. to pertain to or concern : 
comperlebam nihil ad Punphilom qxdc< 
qnam attinere, Ter. With the ml^Ject 
hoc, haec, or haec rei, followed b7 ad, 
rarely by the ooc, or aJbaoL : to hdong 
to, rrfer to, and with the sut|)ect qnod, 
aa regarda. \. With ode Tobia alio 
loco, qnod ad earn dvitatem attinet, 
demomtrabltur, in reapect to, dc 2. 
With the ace. : neque quemqnam attl- 
nebat id recnsare. id. 8. AbsoL: 
eqiec with an Inf. as sul^t (act. and 
pau.): it mattera, ia qf importance: 
nee patitor Scythas Parthum dloere, 
neo quae nihil attlnent, Hor.: quid 
attinuit com Us, qoibaacom re coocane- 
bat, verUi discrepare, «dka< dwi it avail, 

at-tingo (xlt.), tigl, tactnm, i. v. a. 
[tangojto (oMcft, han£e, come in contact 
v<th. Conttr. with the ace., and In 
the poets with ad: priiia quam arles 
muram attigisset, Oms. 2. to atrike, 
OMault, attack: quoa (popnloa), si 
Vestlniis attingeretnr. omnes haboidos 
hostes, Mould be atta ch ed, Liv. 8. 
to reach, arrive at : at prhnnm Aslsm 
attigliti, dc : cnm prtmis navibas Bri- 
tanniam atligit, Caes. 4. to lie near, 
border upon, tmch: Cappadodae reglo, 
quae dUdam atttngeret, dc |l. 
Fig.: to toitch, e^eet : erant perpand, 
quos ea tnfamla attingeret, lAr. 2. 
to touch up*m (in ttpeaJknfX to mention 

sl^^^jf : Qt planiloqoa est \ paods nt 
rem Ipaam attigit, how ahe haa hit the 
very thing in a few worda, VI. : quod 
perquam breviier perstrlnxi atqoe at- 
tigL dc 8. to undertake, to apply 
onetdf to, to take in hand, manage : 
Qt primum forum atUgl, af»l»M( myadf 
topvMiicaffaixa,VL 4, R> ommc near 
to or reseMbk tn tpuMbita, to appertain 
or relate to : quae non magu legis 
nomen attingunt, quam si latrones 
aliqua sanxeiut, id. 

at-toUo (•dt.y no perf. or petf. 
part. |. V. a. to l\ft or raiM m, efe- 
vote : parvum attolUte natum, Mt up, 
Ov. : his (frons) oontrddtor, atUMlitur, 
dendttttar, ia draum ttp or raiaed. 
Quint.: mlsoent ee mark, et nigrae 
attoUontnr arenae, Virg. : ee tn fomur, 
to rise,id. Of buildings: to erect, buHd: 
immensam molem. Id. ||. Fig.: to 
raiae, exalt, auatain; also, to aagran' 
diae, to extol: attoUere vocem. Quint.: 
quanto dceronis studio Brutus Casdas- 
que attoUerentur, were extolled, YelL 

at-tondte (•<1^)> tondi, Umsum, 2. v. 
a. to move, mear, dip, prwte (rare) : 
vitem attondens, Vlrg. Poet: to eat 
or nibble at: tenera attondent virgnlta 
capellae,id. ||. Fig.: consiliis nos- 
tru laus est attonsa Laconum, ahom, 
L e. diminicAed, poet in dc : attondere 
aliquem, to cheat, ileeee, PL 

atttaltOS (•dt.). •. mn. Part. 
[attonoj thunder-atruck : hence fig. 
atunnea, awe-Uruck, atupijied, aaton- 
iahed, amaged, co-founded : talibus 
attonitus visis ac voce deorum, Virg. : 
attonitns tanto miserarum tumne 
renmi, Ov. AbsoL: mater attonitae 
diu similis ftiit Id. Trans, to inani- 
mate things: neque enim ante dehis- 
cent attomtae magna ore domus, Vlrg. 
II. infuriated, inspired, frantic : 
rates, Hor. 

at-tino (•dt). t&L Itum, i. v. a. to 
thunder at: brace, to atun, atupify 
(poet: most fteq. as Port.): quis 
furor vestras attoniut mentes ! Or. 

att<MUniS (sdt), a, um. i>art. [at- 

at-tonuao (^dt), 2. v. a. to hurl at 
or up: Jaculum attorquens, Virg. 

at-tnho (adt), xi, ctnm, 1. v. a. 
to draw to or towarda, to attract, to 
drtig on: addudtur a Veoeriis atque 
adeo attrshitur Lollius, dc. : tribunes 
attrahi ad se Jusdt to be dragged btfore 
him, Liv. I|. Fig. : nihil esse quod 
ad se rem ullain tam alUdat et tam 
attrahat quam ad amidtiam slmllitudo, 

at-treotOt •▼!• fttum, i. v. a. [tractol 
to toucft, handle, esp. in an unlawful 
manner: allqu^n nlmlnm fiuniliariter, 
PL : s^um Junonis, Lir. 2. to ap- 
propriate to oneaeU' : fasces securesque. 
Id. II. Fig. : ilia ooctinatio et blan- 
ditia popularls aspidtur, non attrectatur, 
ia apparent, not palodble, dc 

at-tr8pIdo (*dt), i. v.n. to hdMe 
along: PI. 

a^trlbflo (•dt), Qi, atom, j. v. a. 

to aaaodate, add, or join to, to aatign, 
beatow, give : video, cui Appulla sit atm* 
bata,aMU7ne(ia«aj}n>mitoe,dc: aquoa 
gladutoriras attHbult Caea. Of money 
paid fhnn the puMic treasnir : peconte 
atolbata, numerata ■ est Clc ||. 
Fig.: timer, quemmihinatarap«)orqQe 
mens attribuit, id. 2. to aUrHmU 
or impute to. to aaertbe to : aUis camem 
oalamitatis, Id. 

attribtttio ("dt), (Wils,/. fattriboo] 
the asaignmentof a debt: de attribn- 
tlone confides, Cfc. ||. In gram. : • 
predicate, a<tHZ>«te sattribntum. id. 

attrfWUm (tdt), a, um. Fart, [at- 
titbuoj. Hence, Subst attrtbatnm, 
i, 11. money aaaigned from the pubUe 
treaaury: Varr. VL In gramm. : « 
predieate, attribute : dc 

attrltOS (adt), a, um. Port, [at- 
teroj rubbed off, worn away, waated : 
ansa, Vlrg. : romer, aooured bright, VL 
Poet: attrlta trooB, a ahamdeaa, im^ 
pudentfaee, Juv. 

aUf tnterj., v. ban. 

aUOOMi cttpis. m. [contr. for ar1> 
cep^ tmm aria capio^ a bird-ccttther, 
fowler : reluti meitdis intentus deddit 
anoeps in puteimi, Hor.: a bird-aeller: kL 
Fig. : drcumspioe dum, ne quia noatro 
hlc anceps semKml det spy. aaers^ 
droj^xr, PL: auceps ^^llabwom. a 
minute and trifling crittc, a caviller, 

anotiiliimi tt. «• [^E^l on otf- 

dition, an overweight : PL 

anotlfloilSt »> um, a<y. ranctaa fo- 
doj tnereaaing, enlarging : Lucr. 

anctitOt Onu,/. [Augeol on uicreoa- 
ing, increau: dierum, Hacr. ||. a 
public sale, auction (fat the cmtoms 
obeerred at an auction, r. Smith's Ant 
48) : anctlonem focere, PL: aocttoDem 
praedioare, toproclaim. Id. : proecribei«, 
to proclaim, dc: proferre, to d^er, 

anoafinftrlnit •• ^'^ ^- Caoctio] 

pertaining to an auction: atna ano- 
tionaiia, ctuction rooma, dc : tabulae, 
auction cataXo gu ea, id. 

anotitfinoTt ^^ <• *• ^* [^-1 to 

hold an auction, put up to pubhc aale: 
dc: dies. 

anotltO. I. «. /Vw. [ancto] to iii- 
cr«a«e mticA (rare) : Tac 

auetO* I- V'freq. [ftugeo] toinereast 
or enkarge much (rare) : Incro, PI. 

anotor (incorrectly written autor or 
author). Oris, com. (y.Jln.) pd.] one 
who enlarges, conjUma, or givea to a 
thing ita complete fbrm : hence it dg- 
nifles one who originatea or propoaa 
anything: but with rarious meanings 
ace to the context: creator, wtaJctr, 
inventor, producer, father, founder, 
teacher, compoaer, cauae, leader, eto» 
I. the onginator, cauae, doer : ano- 
tores belli esse nolebant, Canea. Hence 
in gen. : one f^rom whom anything nro- 
eeeda : ronnerls, the giver. Or. f|. a 
father, ancertort L. Brutus, pracltfut 
auotor nobilitatis tuae, the founder t^ 
thy nobUity, dc |||. /"Hinder^ 




WUv: Ti^fM Cynthitu victor, Yiig. 
IV. «• amtkor </ tdttOi^ or Me- 
ro dmti o$ u . 1, 4M inscfti- 
BOO lowlidiM anctM' ofttant 
Uur. Alaca teaekert qnam- 
«■» in antfciulaBima pliUoto|ilUA Cn- 
(ippo aaoisce verMili* Qc 2* <* 
iwttr : ingmfcuni pocUi etMicUfl' viJdt 
boMMV WL M«ton. <fc« arorA; »l«e(/^: 
In t wit w mM i uUinsqae Ungnne nuctori- 
b«.8nrt. Egp.amkiatona»,mlthmA 
wUkmi nmm .- Pc4jrbtan bono* aoctor 
tiprinla, a food aMOoKty^Cic. V. 
HcaoB ki sen. : a nttrraUr, rtporter, 
wftrmmd: lMKOMoerti«nuitiift,e«rU8 
Mdorfton, oompsriMC, Cms. Uoaoe 
i l wfni ent, with an ooe. and inf. ; 
to fvlolc^ fWDMiU.* FaUw Bustictu 
adir est, ncripton «tae nd Cnednam 
Tmm oodkilkM, Tnc VL *»^ *(^ 
Mhet <A« lead: tiaioe, on wutiipator, 
r— w tfur , admaer, pnmtoUr, etc. 
Consir. witli^vn.. otiof., W nod mly., 
wee tad m^.: huxic, multln etkm ex 
cMtate •octdvUnu, interlecerunt, Cnee. : 
pwfcrthwia aneior, tke pr em mr , kL: 
•nctoce boete de wrmmla reooa capere 
cwMJtinnn, at the mgffestiim <^, id.: 
mttarbtti^U take the imUative^ta give 
oniMl; Qt DcsDo dvia Romaniu liber- 
tkMm poiali amiUere, nisi ipse auctor 
bctoa iit, Cic. Freq. in the oM. oteof. : 
on me qnkkm Cadet aoctore» hodie at 
Blndcdpiat, by aty advice, PL VIL 
la potitkal aibin : anctor legl«. the 
^itp et er ef a la» (nre) : qoanim le- 

C anctor taerat, earum suaaoran le 
dttUnm ferebat, Uv. 2. <A« 
f w« M < u or aeecmdtr itf a law (nearly 
«pival«nt to miaaor, tmt loiDewhat 
r): iaU raikxii neqne lator qui»> 
inventua neqoe auctor tin> 
««aB bonna, Clc 8. Poet, in gen. : 
a iavyiccr; animum ad dviUa vertet 
Xn wum, li^eaque feret JuMiBstmoa 
actor. Or. 4, Pntrea (patridi) auo- 
twit flmit or fbcti, and auctoritae 
pttnm. in eeri j Bomao hittonr , ligni- 
Bed that the acta of the oomiUa c«d- 
tvitta vece oooflnned hy the patiea 
(Mdaoa) In the oomitiacoriata : Uv.: 
Ck.: v.Snith't Ant.49. AnciorisalM 
9l>UedtotbeMoate: wnatores populi 
uniaal, kgnm et Jodidoftim et Jurea 
MctofeikCk. ^ Auctor ooodlii pub- 
M, he wka ha» the iMitf voiee m Ute 
Sewte, a leader : banc relpabUcae 
tmtmm et comdlU publid aucturem 
«M habeodom, id. yUl<^*»oddor 
ftttnt : GMdUoa, mains auctor Latini- 
tatii^ il : mom cedo auclorem tnilaoti, 
Qi^ profor exemplank, vkoheu done 
«J«<lar aUma, Id. |X. • rxmcker, 
'"^^eantp^wUneu: lioc ubi unoauc- 
^ ad phiree pennanaTerat, atque 

t"«i> sIH tranadklerat, plurea auctorea 
m Tidebantur, Oaea. Also witb 
ace. and n^. : auctores aomus, 
^t^^n OA m^fatem Bomani nominis 

*«. liT. X. i^^ <• <•• « «*<»• 
(■• nanatceing the right of poeaeaaion, 
^5^ to (be l£ng aold) . quod a malo 
wnfaarnf, from a wtan vho had 

no right to aaU, Cic 8. <* guardian^ 
of women and minora, many of whoae 
acts were not valid without the oooaent 
of their guardian : mi^oreanoaurinullam 
ne privatam quidem rem agere feminas 
sine aoctore voluenmi, Liv. S. the 
uritneeeei to a marriage ooHtraet: nubit 
genero soous, nullis auqpidbaB, nollis 
auctorlbas, C^ X|. am agent, 

nobe$ma»i,intercet»or,atampion: prae- 
dama iate auctor suae dvitatia, id. 

auotSrAmantam. if n, [anctoro] a 
conjuferotton (in the lepu aenae^ : 
wtge$, paf, iUre, retcard .* est in ilLis 
ipaa mereea anetoramentum servitotla^ 
Ok.: Sen. 

auetdrltai (not antor. nor author.), 
ftUa, /. [auctor] an abatraet roba. 
formed f^om the concrete, audor: its 
various meanings correqMMid, therefore, 
to those of that word. |. jirodnetion 
or inventUm, caMte (very rare): quod 
si exquiratur nsqne ab sdrpe auctoritas 
(ic rumoris), origin^ PL ||. a view^ 
opinion. Judgment : reliquum est ut de 
Q, Catnli anctoritate et sententia diceu- 
dum esse videatur, Qc |||. eoimsel, 
adviee. persuation, eneourageme$it : 
auctoritate Orgeuirigis permoti, Caes. 
ly. wiU, decition, commamd, pre- 
oqpt, dearte : nbi iegiooes ad Caesaris 
auctorilatem se contuiiasent, wnder hit 
eommamd. guidance, Cic 80 of the 
rt^pmtiMity attached to any line of 
oondnd: attende Jam, quam ego de> 
ftigiam auctoritaton oonsulatus mei, 
hoar how I get rid qftht retpontibiiUg 
qfmjfconettkar V. ^ poUti- 
ad aflkdrs : Senatus auctoritaa, any meo* 
sure to vDhich a majority of the Senate 
hat aumted (but only 1^ an abuse 
of words, for a complete Senatns con. 
sultum). Hence, 1. a S- C. propooei 
but not oiirrud,owing to the intercesaio 
of a txibnne, but ot whidi a record was 
kept: si quis Interoedat, auctoritate 
•e fore coutentom, Uv. The names c^ 
the persons who were witnesses to the 
drawing in> of the senatu»H»n8ultum 
were called the auctcultates ; hence the 
superscription to a senatus consultum, 
S. C. A. s Senatus consult! auctoritates 
(not anctoritas). Cic 2. Auctoritas 
populi, the popular unll or d«cwton: 
dtra Senatus popuUque audoritatem. 
Suet. 8. Auctoritas ooUegii (ponti- 
flcum), liv. VI. poirer or aiUhority 
to ac<: qui habet Imperium a populo 
Romano, audoritatem legum dandarum 
ab senatn, Clc. VIL P"*"^* f^uta^ 
tUm, dignity, infiuenoe, etc. : ut vestra 
auctoritas meae auctoritati fauMx a4|u- 
trixqne det, Ter.: fiacere, to procure, 
Cic. Transf. to things: importance, 
worth, value, tttimation: snnt carta 
legam verba quo plus auctoritatjs ha- 
beant, paulo antiqaiora, more weight, 
id. VIII. <» pattern, model : valnit 
auctoritaa, id. |X. a warrant, evi- 
dence in support ttf an assertion, etc, 
credUrilitu: quum Jnstitia dne pniden- 
tia satia nabeat auctoritatis, prudentia 
aloe Justltia nihil valeat ad laciendam 

fldem, id. Meton.: reesrds, docM- 
wteiUs: nihil putas valare in judJdis 
dvitatum anctoritatea ac litems, U. 
8. the name qf a person who is 
a vosiher or witness, authority : qnum 
auctoritates principum coiguratloQis 
oolUgeret, kL X. ^ ^^» ^*pal 
oumaship (cf. anctor X.) uana aoctori* 
tas f^mdi bleanium est, kL 

AVCtOrOy nvi,atum, i. v. a. [anctor] 
lit., to bean au^or, I. e. to produce, 
cause : siM tnrpissimam mortem pesd- 
mo anctoravit fadnon, VdL ||. to 
give a pledge tu bondsman, to becoMS 
security for : Ulp. 2. With a reflcd. 
pron. or pass. : to bind onesdf, to hire 
onese{f out: esp. of gladiators: quid 
refert, nri virgis ferroqne necari audo- 
ratus eas, Hor. 8* In gen. to biud : 
eo pignore velut anctoratum dbt jwodi- 
t<nem ratus est. Liv. 

auotomnilu iwt), e, adfj. [aao- 
tumnusj pertaining to the autumn, 
au tumn al : lumen. Cic : coma, Ov. 

aaotUIIlllllf (sometimes inoorrectly 
written antumnus), i, m. [audusl the 
season qf abtmdance, the fruit-tiwte, 
harvest-tinu, the autumn : Don fere 
ante auctumnum Eiaver vado transirt 
Bolet, Caes. : pomifer audumnus, Hor. : 
gravis auctumcus, tmAeoZCAy, Cses. : 
aoctumno adulto, about the middle of 
autumn, Tao. : vergente, draufing to a 
doM, id. 

anetailiniUI (autX >* um. a^j. au- 
tumnal : frigns, Ov. 

anotOBi «» um. Part, [angeo] in- 
creased : adj. great, plentiful, abundant 
(found only in Vomp. and Sup.) : anc> 
tior et ami^or nusl^tas, liv. 

anOtlUli 11>> «>. [id.] on increas- 
ing, augmenting; tncrease, growth, 
al^indanee: oorporia, Lucr. 

anoftpIlUllf U* M. [auoeps] bird- 
catching, fowling^: piscatu, aucupio. 
venatione, Cic Fig.: a catching at, 
lying in wait for: facers aucupium 
anribus, VL : hoc novum est aucupium, 
a new meant of gaining a Uvmg, Ter. : 
aucupia verlx>rum, a catching at words, 
quibUing, Cic. 

anoiipo* <ire> for ftnenpor. to lie in 
weUt for, to waich : num quis est, ser- 
monem nostrum qui aucnpet. Pi. 

aUoAjPOirf A^ I* v> <KP> [auceps] 
to go birdrcatching or fowling: Varr. 
|L Fig. : to chase. Urine for, lie in 
wait for, etc : viden' scelestus ut aucn- 
patnr? how he gives chase f PL: nos 
longki navibua tranquiliilates ancupa- 
turi eramus, Cic. 

audftolftt ae,/. [audax] boldness, *n 
a good and (moat freq.) in a bad sense. 
Jn a good sense .- courage, intrtpidity, 
vtUour, daring : andada in bello, SalL : 
Bununae bmninem audadae mittit, Caes. 
11. In a bad sense : audacity, pre- 
sumption, insolence, thamelessneu : 
hominis impudentem audociam, PI. 
2. In a milder sigiiif. : fieidom, 
boidnesi: Ucentiavel pothis audada,Cto. 

aud&tittdri odv. boldly, eottrageow- 
ly, audaciously : Liv. 





SndMteTf 0^' Mdly, etc : CSc 

sndazt ads, adi. [andeo, Uke femr 
from fino. capftx fram capto J darimg, in 
• good, and (offceoer) in • bad •enae, 
t«(d, couragmtu, spirited; am da cU mtt 
roA, pretumptmous^/ool^kardif : o ace- 
katnm atqne andaoem baadnein! Ter.: 
y errca homo anriariariimia atqoe anok- 
tiaihnaa, Clc: pocta, a poet who re- 
ma^u unmoved 6y praue or blame, 
Hor. With ad: ad fiKiinia aadador, 
Ck. Poet.: with oM.: Tiriboiaodax, 
Virg. With ipf, : andax omnia per- 
petl, Hor. %, Tranaf. to tbioifsa : 
andax CKiniia.Ter. : animna,8alL ||. 
Poet.: violentfjieree, proud: ambi- 
tkaoa «t andax, Hor. 

t ufl fBtj entia, i*art. Candeo3 dor- 
ing^ bold (moatly in a good aenw): to 
ne cede mails aed oontn andentior ito^ 

audentaff o^- Mdljf, eourageomtlif, 
roaUy: Tac 

audentibtf ae» /• [andens^ Mdnen. 
eomrage, Mpirit, in a good senae (rare) : 
nee delUt aodentia Dmao Germanioo, 

audio, voMoa, 2. r. a. (jpetf. and ss 
anios mm, Cato. Whence tu^'. andm, 
antla, analt, anatnt), to tailnre, to ven- 
ture to do, to dare, Conatr. with 
oec. inf., and abooL With ace,: quid 
domioi tAdant, andent qnum taUa ftirea ! 
Virg.: pleba per'se nihil aodet, Caea. 
Hence alao pata.: agenda res est 
Andendaque, Ur. 2. with in/,: (the 
utnal oonstr.): ad qnemvia nmaenun 
ephippiatormn eqniumi qoamvia pand 
adire aadent» Oies.: andeo diceie, / 
dare tajf, I venture to aseert, (Tic 8. 
Abeol. : hoa vero novoa magiatixis nihil 
Intell^ebam poMe docere. nid at aad»> 
rent, id. 4 lo * few instanoea with 
quin: Qt non andtram qoin promam 
omniiL PI. 

andiAnf t antis. Part, [andkn hear" 
ing. As adj. : obedient : with gen. : 
tibi •enrio atqoe andiens ram imperii, 
PL. II. Bnhai. : a hearer, aumtor : 
ad animoa andiendum permovendos, 

aildl0]ltl% AB* /• Caodiensl a hear- 
ing, a Uitentng ; aucUenee, attention : 
fadt ipaa aibi audientiam mitia oratio, 
gain* a hearing, Cic 

aildlOi M or U, Itum, 4. V. a. 
(imperf. andlbat. Or.: fiU. aodibo. 
PL: andln' ssandiine, aa aln'saiane: 
inf. perf, aodisse better than andivlMe, 
occ. to Qoint.) <o heor, to know by 
hearing, to under»tand,leam, Conttr. 
what ii beard la axpreaeed by the aee., 
ace. and ii^f., or <ue. and imperf. part. : 
the flonroea of the infonnation are 
denoted by the abL dep. on ex (moat 
f^.), ab, or de: both oonstnictiona are 
often united : qoae vera aodlvi, taceo, 
Ter. : aodlet dvea acoiiae ferrum, Hor. : 
andivi ex miOoribua nato hoc idem 
fniaw in P. Sdplone Naiica, Oc : saepe 
audivi a miOoribas natn mirarl eolitnm 
C. Fabridum, id. : eqnldem saepe hoc 
andivi de patre et de aocero meo,/rom 

hi* wutuikf id.; neqne emn qo e re ute m 
qnlsqaam andierlt, Kep. Hence alao 
with the MOM. and u^. : Bibalaa 
mdiebatnr eaae In Syria, Oc 
Diff. fhan the preoed. coutr. with de 
b andtre de aliqao (aliqaid). more tnq. 
in paaa. aense: to heatr (any thittg) 
eomeeming' any one: de paaltiia hac 
andivit,Ter. With m and occ: tohear 
iomething bad of any one : Oc Aodito 
asaM.ahtol.: ai the tiding$,u^hen n*w$ 
ooaw, etc : andito, Q. Maidam in dU- 
dam tendere, SalL ||. to listen, to 
hearken, attend to: etd a robis sk 
andior, nt nniM|iiaro benignina neqoe 
attenttna qnemqoam aodinmi patem, 
dc Hence. 1 Of popUs : lo hear 
a teacher, attend his lethtres: Marce 
fill, te annnm Jsm ancBentem Cratip> 
DQm. id. 2. With de or ooc: Of 
Jof^ea, etc. : to li^en or heanicen to, to 
eaaaune: de pace. Liv.: Moo, Virg. 
3. Of prayer or entreat : to listen 
to, lend an ear, regard, grant: In qno 
dli immortalea meas praoes andiTerant, 
(Tic Also of persons : paellas t^ vo> 
cata audis, Hor. 4. Of argomenta. 
narrationa. etc : to approve, agree with, 
(Mow: nee Homerom andio, qui Oany- 
medem a Diia raptam ait. Cic So, non 
audio, that I do not grant, id. |ll. 
to hear, heed, obey. With mac: teaodi, 
tiU obtempera, id. Tranaf. to things: 
neqtie audit cumu habenas, VIt^ With 
dot. .' esp. in the phrsse, dicto aodientem 
ease, to listen to, to obetf: noa fore dicto 
andientea militea, Caes. And with a 
second dot. of the person: si potest 
tibi dIcto andiena esse qnisgnam, (Tic 
ly. to hear sowtething </ oneself: 
and mth bene or aicUc, to be in good or 
bad rtpute, to be praised cr Uamed : tu 
recie rivis, si carsa esse quod audia, 
Hor.: Telle bene audire a parentlbas, 
aprofrinqulB, a bonis etiam viris, (Tic 
[Tue root axtd or aus, ibe t being 
represented hy f."} (Henoe ItaL udire; 
Ft. ouir.) 

audltlOf Oida,/* [aodio] a hearing, 
a listening to : (jp^^) fiibeUarum audi- 
tlone docuntnr, Cic Fass. t hoc solum 
auditione expetoe ooepit, qunm id ipse 
non vidisset? by the mere hearing, id. 
II. Me ton.: a rqport, hemwy, 
news : d acoeplssent ^una et anditlone, 
esse quoddamnnmenet Tim deonmi,id. 

aildItor« ^rt*! "^ Cid.3 a hearer, an 
auditor: aemper ontorum eloquentiae 
moderatrix rait audltorum fnudentla, 
Oic. II. A pupH, scholar, lUsciple: 
Demetrias Fhalereus, Theophrasti au- 
ditor, id. 

aadltOrinoit Ui **• Faudlo, aaditorl 
a leetur^room, hall ofjustiee: QuinC 
Fig. of the forum r Tac 

audltOft a* *°°* Port. raadlo3. 

auutni. fta, m. [id J a hearing, 
UMtening: brevi audita, Tac Also the 
sense qf hearing : auditus semper patet, 
Qc II. Me ton. a rumour, nport : 
occupaTerat animoa prior auditus. Tac 

tLVftn* abatQU, abUltum, anferre, 
V, arj[ab-fero3 lo bear away, to ootrry 

•C, wiOdrms : tos iataec intro aufate, 
Ter.: multa domum auam auferefaat, 
Ck. Auferre. with pron. r^^tecL: to 
take oneself o§, go tneay : te obeecro. 
benrle,aafer teniodo.PL %.tocarry 
along, to twe^ away : anferor In soo- 
puloa, Ov. Fig.: to carry atesy, 
mislead : te bortor. ut omnia gubemea 
pmdentia tua, ne te aofoant aUortmi 
oonsUia, dc fi. to take or snatch 
oaoay ; moatly In a bad sense : to take 
with molonoe, rob, steal, etc : with aee, 
and doL : allquid berts, PL : pecuniam 
de aerario, (Tic : cures, Hor. 2. Of 
deatli, peatilence, etc. : to sujoep of, to 
destroy: abatulit clarmn dta mora 
Achillem, id. |||. to lay aside, de- 
sist from (some manner of speakia^, 
etcO : Jurgium hinc auferaa, PL With 
/V* as oflect : anfer me rultn terrere. 
Hor. IV. to carry e^, obtain, ac- 
owtre; Id inultum nunquam anferet, 
Ter. Alao with «<:ut in foroatanierent 
(stataas).abatnlisti^Cic Fig.:to<ttrry 
a«ay knowledge, to learn : qnis est in 
popnlo Romano, qui hoc noo ex priore 
actloae abatulerit, omnia ante damna- 
torum sceleraTlx com hi^Jus parva parte 
aeqnarl coaJtmique poase t id. 

anftglo. fli^ i- V. M. Tab-ftigio] 
to Jles away m from (rare): qmnn 
mnltoa libroa surr^isset, auf^t, Cic : 
aspcotnm parentis. Id. (The useof acr. 

auMOt auxi, anctum, a. v. a. and «. 
(pe^ sul^. anxitiseanxerltia, liv.) 
I. Act. to meike to grow, tomoJbs 
large, increeue, augment : dbos augei 
oorpua alitque, Lucr. : augebantur ims 
oopiae. (Taes. : beUum augetur, the war 
eH end s , id.: nostris annnua angetur, 
thdr courage rises, fcL Fig. : to eraU, 
to praise, extol : homo tenim dod Terbis 
anget suum munus, sed etiam extennat, 
Cic 2. With ooc. and oM. ; to fur- 
niA abundantly with^ to heap upon, 
enrich, etc : diritiis, id. : aenectna 
augeri solet consilio. aoctoritiUe, aen- 
tentia. id. Without aU,: allquem 
augere atqoe omare, to advance. Id. 
8. In relig. language, to honour, 
consecrate : si qua ipee meis venatibis 
auxi, if I have worshipped Okee with 
oferings qf the dutee, Virg. ||. 

Iveu t. to ^rots, increase, teooNM i^reoto' 
(rare) : nsque adeo pemmt fetw au- 
geniqne labors, Lucr. 

avgeMO. I- V- Moep. [angeo] to begin 
to grow, to become greater, tokeq^groW' 
ina : semina dicuntur temperattons 
calods et orirl et augcacere, (Tic : qunm 
hoatium res tantis angcaoers incre- 
mentis oemeret, Liv. 

ansmen. into, n. [id.] an inerease, 
enlargement : oorporla, Iakt. 

auiirt tiris (earlier alao auobk, 
Prlsc)t comm,, an augur, L e. a awai- 
ber of a particular coU^fe of priests 
at Rome, wAo foretold the future by 
observing the Aight or notes of biris, 
the feeding qf the sacred fowb, li- 
ning, certain appearances qf 9«muI> 
mfwdi, and any unusual oeeutrtneesi 




Ck; Tbe ai^ni'' b 8»kl to have been 
orif. cdied ampex: wupex was Bup- 
pkafied bj sogor, bat the tdentifle 
icnii for obeervadoQ oontinaed to be 
■ l i ti i iiuiu aod not auguripm (v. Smith's 
AbL 49 Mn*) II* <^y ioo<A«ajfer, 
dMur. SMT, bi gen. : aognr Apollo, as 
gtd ^an^pkee^t Hor. : veri providus 
a^nr fbcMorides.Ov.: noctnrnae ima- 
ifaii sa^ar, wterprtter of night^vitiami, 
kL [Et^m. dob. From the analogy of 
am-^tx and au<ep» we incline to be- 
ttrve thai the first part of the word is 

aofiinu ▼• ms^'^um. 

tBfftrilif, ^ odg' [angnr^ pertain^ 
fcf to OMffun, rdating to toothmxyimg 
or pnpktejf : Ubri, Oc. : ooena, tdkicA 
Ae «Vvr ^oee on Aif <it<ra«ioe tnto 
ogkt^id. II. A«M..* aogorale, 
Oe jnrt ^ a itoaMm camp nekert the 
fomol took the mupiees (cf. Smith's 
kaL 50): Tac Hence, me ton. the 
ttaeral'» tmi : Qoint. |||. Mc at^ut's 
voad or stolid litnns : Sen. 

tofflbrftuOt Bnis./. Qauguror] a di- 
Mwy. a soothsaying: Clc. 

SBfftxMOi ^sd*** «/tor taJdng the 
s^ m ia : sloit Bomolus angurato in 
VM ootMleodA regnnm adeptos est. liv. 

tafftrtteSf &•» M« rangmor] (Ae 
«#ee of oMffmr : lltons cuuiiwrfmnm la- 
itgDe aoguratiis. Cic 

ftOflirialii, ▼. angaralis. 

Ugfixliimf ii* 1. rangarl Oe jito- 
ffnmk of an mtgur, OU watching and 
m^mntian of tkc jiight of birds, etc. 
a wf iw y (r. angor): augnriom agere.. 
Qa. : aodpwe, to tatdersUMnd or reuioe 
OS a* flwff i. liv. : angnrimn salutis. an 
s u f i ii y instituted in time of peace, to 
sseviain wketUr the Deity might be 
tsfifliicated for the prosperity of the 
sttts (de Mlnte), Oc. 1|. every kind 
^ d<vMM/>on. prophecy, soothsaying t 
cat Uetos ApoUo aagurimn dtharamque 
Mm, Flfg. : ooqjogfs angurlo, by the 
intirprttatiom. Or. : and of the mind, 
pnsmtintaU, foreboding of things to 
cmte: fcahaeTet in mentUms auasi mcu- 
krom q^Boddam aognriam raturorom. 

aagSxIllftt •• f°n, adf. rid.3 pertaui" 
iog lathe ttugmr, avgiwai (yetj rare) : 
aufuilou Jio, Clc. 

tAgfao* •▼^ '• V. a. VA.^ (rarer 
thai anguru r)orig. to constat bjf means 
^ngms. Fig.: ocnlia Investlgans 
estate angnra, emaMntn^ as sharply as 
, PL ^, to consecrate by 
angnraio templo ac looo, Clc. 
HL lo^en.: to presage, forebode: 
d qttlTcri mens aognrat, Vlrg. 

Mgtoor* f^txm, I. 9. dep. [id.3 to 
act OS aaynr. to taioe at^M*^* oAeertT' 
9mdiaterpret omens, tooamar: CUchas 

I iiissi iiiiii imiiiiiiii firllfrrrJinl nnnni 
sifmtM est. Cic |l. In gen. to 
fotfUJl, to forebode; or of the inward 
to surmise^ eofjeetme: Thera- 
iCrltiae, ad renemim praebiberat, 
est aagmmtoay id.: qoontmn 

angUltEt ae./. in the time of Uie 
emperors, a tiUe of the mother, w^e, 
daughter, and sister of the emperor; 
like imperial majesty, imperial high- 
ness: 'Tac. 

angnstilif I ^» <*4if- relating to the 
Emperor Augustus: ludi (or Acou^ 
talia), games in honour of Augustus : 
Tac. 11. Angustales sodales, a college 
of 25 priests, instituted by Tiberius in 
honour qf Attgustus : id. 

amrOB^lint (angustlanaa. Suet) 
a, am. 04/. C-^agnstosj qf or pertaining 
to Augustus. I|. pertaining to an 
emperor, imperial: augustani, Boman 
JbityAto ajDpotntod by Nero, Tac. 

anffUtS, odv. reverentially, sacred- 
ly : angoste Tenerari deos. Cic. 

avgnstiannt, ▼. augustanos. 

annstllllUt <^ um, o^;. [Augustas] 
pertatnina to Augustus: currus. the 
chariot qf Augustus, Suet. 

aitfUftnSt ^ iim> <^- consecrated, 
sacred, venerable : sancttfvocant augusta 
patrea: augusta vocantur templa. sacer> 
dotum rite dlcata manu. Ov. : Eleosis 
sancta et augusta. Cic. ||. In gen. : 
majestic, august : tectum augustom, 
ini^ns, virg. 

angustaii i. m. a surname cf the 
Roman emperors, derived from Octa- 
vius Caesar, to whom it was first given ; 
equivalent to mojesty or imperial ma- 
jesty: Hor. Hence. ||. augustus, a. 
um. adj. of or relating to Augtutus or 
the emperor, Augustan, imperial: caput 
ss Augustus. Cv. But esp. mensis Au- 
gustus, the month Auatut, named idter 
OcUvius Caesar ; earUer. Seztilf^ Juv. 
(Hence Ital. agosto, Fr. aoCt.) 

aula. •«. / (g«n. aulsl, VIrg.)= 
sv^, the front court qf a Greeicm 
house : Janitor aolae, i.e. Cerberus, Hor. 
Also an inner court of a house, a hall 
SE atrium : Vlrg. ||. a palace, castle, 
the royal court : Ula se >ictat in aula, 
id. : caret Invidenda sobrius aula. Hor. 
PoeUof <A«oeU of the queen-bee: sxiIm 
et cerea regna reflngnnt. Virg. |||. 
M e ton. : princely power, dignity : qui 
tum aula et novo rege potiebatur, pos- 
sessed the greatat xr^uence at court, 
Tac. 2. <J^ persons composing the 
court, Oke court, courtiers: id. 

anlasBsolla, q. v. init. 

anlattnoii U n.^rcwAato. more flreq. 
nsai in plur,. a curtain, canopy: sus- 
pensa aulaea. Hor. ||. Esp. the cmt- 
tain qf a t/keo/re =siparlum; which, 
among the andents. contrary to our 
practice, was let down below the stsge 
when the play began, and raised 89^ 
when the performance was concluded. 
(T. Smith's Ant. 144.) Hence the ex- 
pressions, aulaea premnntar, Hor. : or 
anlaeum {nittitur, Fhaedr. to denote the 
opening of the scene; and aulaenm 
tollitor. Cic. to signify the omclnslon. 
HI. a covering for beds and sofas, 
tapestry: Virg. fV. an en^mridered 
ii^fper garment: Juv. 
' anlMIU* ft* um, a4J.BsavXucit C'vAiQ 
pertaining to a princely court, princely : 

aulicus apparatus. Suet Hence 

Subst. : amid, orum, m. plu, courtiers t 


■ aTlloedntii,ffi^=avA<)Ak. one loftose 

singing is accompanied with the Jiute i 


aurft ae {gen. sing. aurfiX, Vlrg.}, 
/. ^ oat^ the wafting air, a gentle 
breese, a breath of air : noctuma aura, 
Caes.: et me nunc omnes terrent aurae. 
every little breese terrifies, Virg. 2. 
Fig.: dam flavit veils aura secunda 
meis, Ov.: aura spel, Liv.: tua ne re- 
tardet anra maritoe. the breese (of love) 
vkidi carries them towards you, Hor 
Hence aura popularis, t^e shifting breese 
cf popvAox favour, Clc. Also in plur. . 
nlmlum gardens popularibusanris,Virg..* 
and aura absol. : liv. g. <A< br^Mi : 
flammns exsnsdtat aura, Ov. ||. 
u-ind,agale: omnes ventod cedderuut 
murmniis aurae. Virg. |||. the re-' 
gion of the air (mostly poet aod 
plur.) : dum se laetus ad auras palmes 
a^t. id. : Stat ferrea turris ad auras, 
rises, stands up high, id. Hence, 2. 
the upper world, as opp. to the lower ; 
Eurydice saperas veulebat ad auras, id. 
In gen. for publicity, daylight : ferre 
sab 'auras, t. e. to make known, id. 
8. Esp. the vitcd air: vivit et 
aetherlas vitales sosdpit auras, breathes 
a breath qf ethereal air, Lucr. Fig. : 
libertatis auram captare. to catch at the 
brscUh of freedom, I. e. to seise upon 
any ht^te qf liberty, liv. |V, 

M e to n. : of atmospherical phenomena, 
as: light, heat, sound, vapour, etc. 

1. a gleam, glittering: discolor 
nnde auri per ramos aura refVilsit Virg. 

2. vapour, odour, exhalation: at 
iUi dulds composiUs spiravit crinibos 
aura, a sweet odour, id. 

aurftllnt, »f wn, adj. [anrum] per- 
taining to gold, golden : metalla, gold 
mines, Plin. ||. Subst: aurarla, 
ae, /. (fc. fodina) a gold mine : Tac 

anratnit *i Qi°t ^o^* [euro] oma" 
mented with gold, gUt : aurata metalla, 
metals rich in gold, Lucr. : tecta. Cic. : 
tempora. oot«red with a golden hdmei, 
Virg. : miUtes. ict<A golden shields, Uv. 
\l, made t^ gold, g<Men : mcmlUa. 

anr&U *«• /• ^ bridle : Fest [Pro- 
bably another form of oreo. fhnn os, 

anrSSlni* *t nmt <xO'* <'*"*. raareasl 

qf gold, gwAen : aureolus anellus, Pf 

II. Fig.: golden, magnijlcent, spten- 

did : anreolos et ad veroom ediscendos 

UbeUus, Cic. 

anrduSf;. ranmm] qfgold, 
golden: sorona(arewardof valour), Liv.: 
numos, and absol. aureus, 1, m. a gold 
coin, first struck in the second F^nlo 
war, of tbe value of 25 denarii or 100 
sestertii, eqoal to about il. is. ltd. pre- 
sent money, but in Bome. aoc. to the 
relative value of gold and silver, worth 
only about 171. Sfd. (v. Smith's Ant 
51); Clc. Poet : aurea vis, the power 
qf changing every thing to gold, Ov. 





II. wromglU or omaintnted vUh 
fold, yild«d : «im« sella, etc: Pttctolos, 
«cAof0 MWidc were gold^ Ov. |||. ef 
the eolottr pfacid^ gUUeriingwitk gotdt 
liimtiiatoUi,uicr. : •tdiM.^fg. |V. 
Fi g. of phyilcal and mental excellence : 
heouUt/ul^ moffi^fieeid, aUraetive^ taoA- 
lent', aorea Venus, tetnitifHl, with 
pokfenAo^, id.: meiUocritatf, <A0 pokkn 
mecm, Hor. : aetas, the golden eufe, Ov. 

aurlodmns, «. nm. 04^. (anrum 
coma] geid m -h air ed. Poet: vitk 
golden joUage: fetos (aiixnis), Ylif. 

annoftU, ««. /. dim. [anris] tke 
external ear, tke ear4ap: sine te pren- 
dam auricoUs, sine dam snaviiim. PL 
Proverb.: anricula inflma molUor, 
9^ter than tke ear4ap, Cic ||. In 
gevuttkeear: atomnehmnannmgenns 
est avidum ntanls aoricularom, keue too 
itdiingean, Locr. (Hence Ital. oree- 
ekio ; Ft. oreUle.) 

|i11flftr« ^if^ Cram, adff. rannim ISero] 
getd- bearing, gold-bringing: aurifer 
amnis, i. e. J*aetolu$, Tib. 

avzIfiMCf IclSi *»• [aamm fado] a 
Korker in gold, a goldsmitk : Cic 

avrigai M, comm. [anrea ago, t. 
aureaj a driver, a ckarioteer, Oms. : 
Virg. AUo, a proom, hottler, id. In 
fern. : nee corms nsqnam videt anri- 
gamqoe sororem. Id. Poet.: a pOot, 
hetmeman : aurigun rideo vela dedlsse 
rati, Ov. ||. Esp. a charioteer in the 

Smee qf the dreue : auriga indootns, 
X III. a constellation : the wag- 
goner, id. 

aurlglxllltf iif m. [aorlga] a cto- 
rioleer in the racet 0/ tke circue: 

anrlgfttfO. Soisy. [anrlgo] a driving 
of a chariot in the oowrte (very rsre) : 

anzlgfoaf >«• conmr. ranrum and 
OCX the root of jgignoj goldrhoim^ 
tprung from gold ' Ov. 

anrigiTi era, 8mm, atff. Canrom 
gero] oM-bearing : taori, i. e. with 
gilded home, dtc 

aiirlg0« tt^> atnm. x. v. «. ranriga] 
to drive a Aariot, to contend in the 
dioriot-raee : Suet 

anrif , % /. {r. audio] the ear 
(nsoaUy in plur.): anres, a pair qf 
eart : anres qunm sonum perdpere de- 
bent, qui natnra sublime fertnr, recte in 
altls oorporuro partlbus oollocatae sunt, 
Cic : aures adhibere. to te attentive, to 
listen, PI. : anribus accipere, to hear, id. 
Particular phrases: In or ad aurem, 
also in aure, dioere, admonere, etc., to 
whisper in the ear: in aurem dicere 
nescio quid puero, Hor. : ad aurem ad- 
monere, Cic : in aure, Juv. : Cynthins 
aurem vellit et admonult^ puUed my 
ear, by way of admonition, Virg. : in 
ntramvis or in dextram aurem dormire, 
to tleqp animdlff, i.e. to te tmooNcemed, 
Ter. II. Me ton.: the hearing, as 
jndging of the euphony of a discourse : 
ofiendent aures, quarum est jodidum 
■aperbisirimum, (^c 2. heeuvre, au- 
dtton : Hor. |||. theeartifa plough. 

tke numid or oartk board; tL Smith's 
AnL 11 : Virg. 

anritftlllt. i, M. dim. [auritosl tke 
Umg-eared aeUmal, tke au : Pbuear. 

aviItllJI. •, um, a4f. [aoris] /«rw 
niaked witk eart, having Umg (M* large 
eart : lepores, Vi^. : asellus, v. Fig.: 
ottenHee, listening: ttce Jiim nunc ta 
praeoo omnem aurltum poplum, PL: 
testis aorltua, a witnett 6y Aeortay, 
who keu onlif keard, not teen, tomething. 

aiirOra« am. f, the dawn, daybreak 
(mostly poet.): Hercules ad jnlmam 
auroram somno exdtu^ liv. ||, 
Meion.: tke East: Or. [.inr-om, from 
root as, ** to bum ;" v. aurum]. 

annun (mstld orum dioebant, Fest.) 
\,n. Ike brif^ metal, gold : auram et 
argentum in urbibos et privatlm et in 
fsnisinvtdiosaresest,Cic Proverb.: 
monies aurl pollioeri, topromite motm- 
taint of gold, Ter. H. Meton. : 
thingt made df gold, gold plate : nee 
domusargento fulget anroque renidet, 
Lucr. : a golden gottlet: Virg. : a gold 
ckain: Ter.: a gold ring: Juv.: a 
aolden bit : fhlvum mandunt sub denti- 
bus aumm, Virg. : tke golden JUeoe : 
auro heros Aesonias potitur, Ov. : a 
golden kaitltand: Virg. 2. Esp- 
coined gold, money: vide, quaeso, ne 
qua lacuna sit in auro. Cic |||. the 
cdaur or lustre qf gold : anguis cristis 
prsesignis et auro, Ov. |V. Poet.: 
tke Golden Age: redeant In aurum tem- 
pera priscum, Hor. : proles, aurodeterior, 
Ov. [Root AUK SB us, ** to bum;" L«t. 
nro, u»-tus.1 (Hence Ital. oro; Fr. or.) 

ausenltauOf oni>i /• C^nscuito] a 

listening, attending to: Sen. ||. an 
obeying: PL 

ailBenltltor» Orit, «». [id.] a hearer, 
listener: Cic 

aOMllltOi •▼<. •turn, X. V. freq. 
to kear witk attention, to Usten to: 
anscullo atque animum adverto sedulo, 
PL 2. to give credit to : aindasL, iA. 
8. to Usten in secret, to overttear : 
omnia ego istaeo auscultavi ab ostio, id. 
4. Of servants : to tUtend or wait 
at tke door, Jsm dudnm ausoulto et 
cuplois tiU dfcere servus panca, refer- 
mido, Hor. ||. With dot. or abtol.: 
to kear obediently, to obey : mibi anscul- 
ta : vide, ne tiM desis, Ctc. [The etym. 
dub. : perhaps fhim an obsolete verb, 
ausi<ulare or aus<ulare, which would 
come from ansi<ula, an old forai of 

|kiili2n« ▼• audeo. 

avspeJ^ lo^ ootnm. [a oontr. of 
aviq>ex,^rram avis and root spec, 
"see"]* l«lt.: .a bird-^eer, one who 
observes tkejligkt, tinging, or feeding 
of birds, and from tkem prwUols future 
events; an augur, sotOhsayer: latores 
et auspices Wgls curiatae, Cic. 2. 
tke birds observed for suek purposes : 
(galli gftlUnacei) vtetorlarum omnium 
auspicM, PUn. 8. Ike person wko 
witnessed tke marriage ceremony, and 
who in ancient Hmrs took tke auapicet 

at tke ceremony: nubit 

nullis auspidbns, nolUs anctorfbos. Gk. 

(V. Smi^s Ant. 49 »mO ^ «. •• 
ttutkor, founder, durvctor, leader, etc: 
divls auqjidbas ooq>tonim aptsrvm, 

anfpIoltOf ^dv. after taking tte 
CMuptoet : Romulus non solnm au^lcato 
urb«m coodidifse, sed Ipm etiam opti- 
mus aogur fuisse tradltnr, Cic 

aofpie&tlUt •* Qm> f^^' [tamf/katl 
oonseeraUd by auguries: attq;>ica l o tn 
loco, Ck. 2. fortunate, faeaurable, 
autpidout: VelL 

aofplduin, 11, n. [snspex]. Lit.: 
a bir d se ein g, a bird-watekuig ; iUvhw- 
tUm from mrds, auspices : poUsriom 
In ausnldum mittlt, Liv. Tbe auspida 
were divided Into the ouspdcMi mocmm 
or mq^ora, and the a«mMC»a minora: 
the former were posee sa ed by the dlcta> 
ton, consuls, censors, and prseton : the 
latter bv the curule aediles and qnses- 
tort. Msgistrates, on thdr entrsooa 
upon office, reodved the auspices: while 
their office lasted, they were said, ha- 
bere euispieia, to have the right of 
taking tiM ansploes; and at the ex- 
piration of their office, they laid them 
down (V. Smith's Ant. 51 teq.) : dum 
a populo ansfrfcia acoepu hahraras, Cfc. 
In war the oommander4n-diief ahme 
had the right of taking the auspices : 
ut gesserit rempubliosm ducto, imperio, 
aOsptdo sno, PL Hence, me ton. fir 
tke ckief command: tnis aunrfdis totam 
oonfectaduellaperort}em,Hor. And in 
gen. rigkt, power, will: me si Ikta 
meis paterentur duoere vitam anspidi», 
Virg. II. In gen. : a sign, aman, a 
dte»ne premonition or token: Itolmen 
optimum auspidum habenaus, si stnis- 
trum fberlt, Cic Poe t. : cui (diviU) il 
vitlosa libido fecerit auspidnm. if a 
MorMd inclination encouraged kim, 

avipIOOi I* v*a. (for anapioor): to 
take tke cMspiees : auspicare muatalaB, 
to accept as an augury, PI. 

anipIoOTi tXXiA, I. «. dep. [auspex] 
to taAc tke auspioa: Orscchus quum 
pomoerium transiret. auspicari est ob 
UtuL Cic l|. With aoc, {1^^^ or 
tUtad.: to take tke auspioet at the teym- 
ning of any undertaking, to make a 
beginning: auq>lcandi gratia tribunal 
Ingredl, Tac 2 In 9^^-' to btgin, 
enter upon a tking: anspicsri militlsa. 

aillter» tri, m. <Ae aouik wind (app* 
to aquHo, the north wind): vaUdus, 
Hor. : vehemens, Qc : humldus» brti*^ 
ing or producing rain, Virg. Proverb. : 
florlbus austrmn. et UquUis fanmittere 
fbntibus aproa, »., said of those who 
bring evil upon themselves. M 
Meton. : tke aoutk country, tke somtk : 
in aquilonis austrive partlbus, Cic 

auster = austems, q. v. 

austSrit ^fdv. rigUUy, severely : Oc. 

anstfmi. ». ««, a^'.=«v«mipoc, 

dry, harsk, sour, tart : vixram nignnn 
austerum, Oels. 2. Of smeli : pui^ 






PUn. 8. Of colour : deep^ 
id. n. Pig.: $evere, riffuL, 
Ulo Mittero more ac modo, CIc 
8. Of disoottne : teeert, (['^ * 
•mten poenuta, Hor. |||. Of dr- 
cooMUaon, trMtment, «<e.: gloomy, 
aad^ kanLirktome: Ubor, Hor. 

MlgteUii, e^ acH. {axMM] mnUKam : 
icgio, Qc: dngulos, M« torrid Ame, 

AOitrliiiis* <^ ™B» <><V> P<^3 mmth' 

cm : oalorea, virg. 

Bllflini, 1, fi. a daring aUemptt en- 

krpnse: fortU muM, Virg. 

Mmu, «, um, fort, [audeo^. 

tatt coitj. ftom altenim (<m« of two, 

9U botk) or : tntroduoes an alteroatire 

natded tttj^cUvel^ as a ilKt: vel, fhnn 

voTo, abo ImpUes an alteroative, but 

▼tewed as still to be cbosen, and there* 

tore dependent oo the will; that is 

oooiktered atO^tetivd]/. Hence in nuuiv 

OMe* either ant or vel may be ufled, 

iooanling to the point of view fhmi 

which Uw sobject is regarded : eg. satis 

SMt causae srMtrabatur qoare in Dam- 

uat^tm ant ipse anlmadverteret, ant 

dvltatem animadrertere Jaberet, Caes. 

Here Caeear contemplates the altema* 

tires as hypothetical fiacU: petit at 

vfl ip«e de eo statuat, Tel d^itatem 

Btstoere Jubeat, ib. In this passage 

the anne altemaiiTes are stated, but 

fram a different point of view, vis., as 

left to the choice of Divitiacns. Ant 

(or sot . . . ant, for there is no essential 

AsdncUon between the two cases, since 

su Day alwavs be onderstood at the 

beginning of the former clause) Intro- 

dnocs an alternative the acceptance or 

sdnrisrtnn of which implies the r^Jectioo 

V dddal of the connected alternative ; 

boi whetlMTT the coexistence of the al« 

temalives is possible or not is indicated 

by the ocntext: trunds arboram aut 

admodom flnnis ramis ahadsiB, (rwRJkf 

•f (met, or (if thev were not to be had) 

t«ir sUmi bramcM, Caes. |l. In 

klftcal argmnenta, however, ant intro- 

daon an alfcemadve inoonsistent with 

•Doiher alternative, so that both pro- 

PodUottS cannot be true: Its most 

neqoent employment in this way is 

la those argnmenta called dU^nma$: 

oonia bene sunt ei dicenda, qni hoc se 

pos-c profltetnr, ant eloquentiae nomen 

leUnqoendnm est> Cfa 2< ^ two 

d^QDctivc phrase* : rea Ipsa et reipnb- 

hcse tempos aut me ^«am, quod nolim, 

ant allian quemplam aut invltabit aut 

defaortaMtor. id. 8. In negative 

(slsQae» (or neqoe .... neque : ne aut 

file alserit. ant os^am oedderit aut 

pntrvgrrit aUqukl, Ter. 4. In inter- 

nmtiom: quaeslvit nam lUe aut llle 

mnsoms esaet, CIc |||. In a limit- 

hg mnm, to loMotn something less 

hoportant: or at Uaat : submersas ob- 

nie puppea, aat age diversas, Virg. : 

qoaero. nam iqjoste aut Improbe fecerit, 

•r at katt wm/aiHf, Oc |V. Only 

Ib the poets, neqoe . . . ant sometimes 

takes the place of neque . . . neque : 

neque ego hanc abecondere fbrto sper- 
avi, ne flnge, (iigam : nee co^Jugb 
tmquam praetendi taedaa, aut haec In 
foedera veni, Virg. V. The poeU 
connect by ant . . . vel, vel . .^ aut, 
instead of ant . . . ant, or vel ... vel 
(in prose writers the two particles are 
never connected^ : tellua aut hisoe, vel 
istam, quae flsdt at laedar, mutando 
perde flguram, Ov. V|. In connec- 
tion with other particles: 1. Aut 
etiam: quid ergo ant huno profaibet, 
aut etiam Xenocraiem, CIc 2. Aut 
eerie: ac video banc primam Ingres- 
sionem meam aut reprehensionis aliquid, 
aut certe admirationis habituram, id. 
8. Aut vero for connecting a more 
important thought : or indeed^ or truly : 
quem tibi ant hominem, aut vero deom, 
auxilio faturum putas ? id. 4. Aut 
ne . . . quidem : ego Jam ant rem, aut 
ne spem quidem exspecto, id. 5. 
Aut quidem : Suet. y||. Aut . . . 
aut = partim . . . partlm : partem 
planitiae aut Jovis templum aut cp- 
pktum tenet, lAr. (Hence Ital. o ; fr. 


anteoit <o*t^> C^* '^Q (never used 
at the beginnmg of a clause) : again, 
mortover s unum (iter) angustum et 
dilBdle erat: mona autem altissimus 
impendebat, Caes. 2. ItfrequenOy 
maria a tranaitioQ with a more or less 
emphatic contrast: again, on tkt other 
kiMd, but : lego autem libentisslme, 
Cic II. When a word is repeated 
flrom a previous clause, in continuing a 
train of thought: nunc quod aglrar, 
agamns : agitur antem, llberine viva- 
mus, an mortem obeamua, id. |||. 
ss sed, vero, idtur, etc, in resuming a 
train of thoui^t interrupted by a pa- 
renthesis: princepa omnium virtutsm 
ilia sapientia, quam oo^iacr Graed vo> 
cant — (pmdentia euim, quam Oraed 
^p6n|«tis aliam quandam mtelUglmus, 
quae est rerum expetendarnm fbglen- 
darumque sdentia), ilia autem sa^en- 
tla, quam principem dixi, <<c, id. |V. 
In connecting a parenthetical dause 
itself: quae autem nos ut recta aut 
recte fiscta dicamus, si placet (ill! autnn 
M^Uant KanpB^ara) omnes numeroe 
virtutis condnent, id. V. In argu- 
ments, to Indicate the steps bv which 
the o(mdusion is reached : ant hoc, Mit 
iUnd: hoc autem non, igiiur illud. 
Itemque : aut hoc Mit illud : non autem 
hoc : illud igitur, id. V|. In putting 
an emf^tfc questi<m : tndeso, for-^ 
Booth. Th. Ego non tangam n^^am? 
Ch. Tuam autem. ftudfer 7 thine, for* 
90(4h, Ter. En>. where a correction is 
made : num quk testis Postumum ap- 
pellavit ? testis autem ? nam accusator ? 
witneu did I sayf Cic VII. In the 
poets, sed autem are connected m inter- 
rogations: sed quid ego haec autem 
nequidquam in^ata revolvo? Virg. 
V|ll. W<^ inteijections: beta au- 
tem ininicoe ! PL : ecoe autem subitum 
divortium, Clc^ 

ftuthepsai •«> /.^av^W^ [oMs 


hfm, a 8^-cooker], a utmtit for eeefc 
ifH^: Cic 

autiior, ttuthorltas, etc v. aucter, 
auctoritas, etc 

ailt6ffr&phlll, a. am» ad^.-^a.^nif 
Ypa^, written with one'g own hand, 
autograph : epistola, Suet. 

autor* autoritai. «tc, v. anctor, 

antnmnaliSf -neioo, -nitai* -no. 

-nunii -unit ▼• auctumnaUs, etc 

autnmOi ^vl, atom, i. v. n. (opp. 
to nego, to say nay): to a*»ert, ot-er, 
reiate, $ay, think, name: factum hie 
esse id non negat. et deinde Ihctu- 
rum autumat, Ter. : quae (res) si ai- 
tumem omnes, nimis longus senno sit, 
PL [Comparing autumo with aee-timo, 
the root seems to be av, probably 
another form for aio : ct negumo firom 

auzIlX&rit, e, 04/. [auxiUoml suit- 
abU for aid, aiding, helpful, helving : 
undae, Ov. : carmen, a formtua of 
incantation in aid ofJaton, id. ||. 
Milit. t. t. : auxiliares miiites, co- 
hortea, etc., or absol. auxiliares, atic- 
Uiary troope, auvniariee (fnq. opp. 
to li^nes): oohortes, Caes.: cwrnites, 
Tac A bsoL auxiliares, Caes. Hence, 
^,ofot pertaining to auaeHiariet : 

auznttilllt. «. nm, adj^ [ld.3 
bringing aid, helping, aturtltdry : magia 
coQWiartus arnicas quam auxiliarius. 
PL 11. Milit. t. (. «■ auxiUaria : 
cobors,Clc: equites.SaU. 

auilUtort Cris, •». [id.] a Mper, 
attittant (rare) : hand Inglonus^ Tac 

auIlUtllf. &•. m. [auxiUor] a 
helping.aid: Lncr. 

auxulor. i^tas, i. v.cfep. [anxiUum] 
to give aid, to aetiit, euccour, hOp 
(rare in claio. prose\ With dat.; ci 
poterls auxiliarler, PI. : tin mihl neque 
magistratom, neque senatnm, neque 
popolnm aoxHiarl licueriL Cic 

aazflXlim, U, «. Cangeo. prob. 
through an obsolete acU. auxills] help, 
aid^ aitittanee : auxilium argentartnm, 
PL In the phrases : auxilium esoc 
alicui, to assist one, id. : and more freq. 
anxilio esse alicui, Ter. : so with mitten'. 
Caes. In plnr. : quum (mare) tumet, 
anxiliis aasidet iUe (navita^ suis, ki$ 
taekU, Ov. : magna duo auxilia, sources 
of aid^ Uv. II. Po I i t. (. t. tAe help 
rmdered by the tribunes of the plebs 
against a patrician magistrate, atjb-tt 
only to piUbeiams, afterwards to patri' 
dams also: auxilli, non poenae Ju» 
datum ilU notestati, Li V. |||. Milit. 
t.t. gen. in plur. anxilia. auxiliarv 
troops^ aumliitries ^ mostly composol 
of foreign allies and llght-arroed troopt» 
(while the Italian allies were usually 
called ^^bei<>: hence opp. to the legions : 
(v. Smith's Ant 146) : accersere ab sodlH 
et nomine Latino, Sail. Opp. to the le- 
gions: sex leglones et magna equitum ac 
peditnm auxiUa, Cic In dng. : Tac 2. 
r ig. : mihl nimc auxilloa4)atores sunt« 
•tmecan militant, PL 8. Ing^n*- 




military fvret, power: Caesar conflmu 
fkma renim gMtamm, Inflnnli anxlUU 
profidad non dabitav«nt, Caea. 

SHXinii to. it, eU^ ▼. augeo, init. 
y4l^, adv. covetoutljf, greedily : 
nihil avare, nihil li\Juate facera, Cic. 

&vftllt«rt <xtf • covetously, greedily : 

&vftlltla« M,/. [•vanii]firr«erftneM, 
a craving after %Kaith, avarice, cove- 
touineu : est antem avaritla oplnatlo 
vcdtiemens de pecania, quasi valde ex- 
peteoda siL inhaerens et penitus tnslia, 
Cic In plur. : omnes avaritiao, every 
kind of edAshneti, id. ||. Fig. : Of 
gluttony: PI. 

&V&riti[e8> el,/.sBararitia, avarice: 

&'?&niB* ft* v°^ [ayeo]] eaperly de- 
iirQu$ of, greedy (esp. qfviealth), avor 
ridout, eovetoue : avarus et furax homo, 
etc.: semper avarus eget, Hor. With 
gen., publlcae pecuniae, Tac. Poet, 
of inanimate things : ftige litus aranxm, 
Yirg. II. In the poets sometimes 
without the idea of reproach: Grails 
praeter laudem nulUus avaiis, eager 
only for gUnry, Hor. 

lUyiho (in MSS. sometimes abveho), 
vexi, vectum, j. v.a. to carry off or 
away : a patria, PI. : fhunenti qnod 
subito potoerunt, mtvlbus avexerunt, 
Caes. with ace. of the place whither : 
penltusque alias avexerat oras, Vlrg. 
Pass, or reflect : to ride, be carried 
away, to depart : aveetos (sc. eqno) ah 
suls, lAv. 

ft-Y6ll0i volU cr vnlsi, vnlsom, j. 
r. a. to jmU or pluek away, to tear 
of or away: avellere tlgna trabesque, 
l>ucr. : avolsam humerls caput, vlrg. 
II. to separate by force: allqnem 
de matris complexn avellere atque ab- 
strahere, Cic. Fig. : aliqnem a tanto 
errore, id. 

&vena. •^ /. oaU: Vlrg. 2. 
wHd ocUs, a weed: infeliz loUum et 
sterlles domlnantur avenae. Id. ||. 
In gen.: any item or iUUk, a itraw, 
etc: fistula surgit disparibns avenis, 
Ov. III. M« ton. : a shepherds pipe, 
an oaten pipe: sHvestrem tenui Musam 
metfitaris avena, Vlrg. (Hence Fr. 

&vSo or h&ySOf a- «•« lit to be 
joyful, lively. |. to be joyful, happy, 
in good health : (gen. used only in the 
imper., ave, aveto, avete (hav.), and 
inf., avere (bav.), as a form of salnu- 
tion, both at meeting and at separating, 
lilce salve: hail! be qf good cheer, fare- 
vxU : Caesar sbnul atque, Have, mifai 
dixit, statlm exposult, Coel. in Cic. So 
Haveto at the end of a letter: Marcus 
avere Jubet, Mart. As a farewell to 
the dead — vale : atque in perpetuum, 
frater, ave atque vale, Csit. ||, to 
be eager to do something, to Jong for, 
crave for, desire earnestly. With xnf., 
ace., or otitol. L ^th ^''/••" valde 
aveo sdre quid agas, Cic 2. ^th 
oce.: aveo genxis legatlonls. Id. 8. 
€tsoL: et mora, quae fluvios passim 

reftvnst aventes, the eager rivers, Lucr. 
[The root hav or av is perfa. the same 
as OAV in gaodeo, gavlsus : cf. andeo.] 

EyermnCOi i* ^-^- >° andent re- 
Ugious term : to avert : quorum (pro- 
digiorum) avermncandorum causa sup- 
plications senatusdecrevlt, Id v. [Etym. 
dub. : perti. a^verr-unoo, ffom the root 
VBBB (sweep) or vkkt (turn),] 

&Ten&bms, «, o^f. [aversor] dbo- 
minable: Lucr. 

&yenor« ^tus, i. v. dep. [averto] to 
turn oneself away: aversa^ advocatl 
et jam vtx ferre posse, Cic. ||. 
with aoc? to turn oneself away from, 
avoid, shun, rqpulse: flUum ^consul) 
aversatus, L e. not permitting nis pre- 
unce, Llv. 

ftyenOFf oris, m. rid.] an embcMder : 
aversor peomlae publlcae, Cic. 

EvemiSt *• vm,Fart. Qaverto^ twmed 
off or a%oay : hence ac^. at place : 
twmed round, bael>foremost, belonging 
to the hinder or after part (opposed to 
adoersus) : et adversus et aversus Im- 
pudfcus es, Cic. : aversos boves caudls 
in spelunoam traxlt, he dragged the 
oxen bacltforemost, Llv. : miUtes aversi 
a proelio, urithdraum from the battle, 
Caes. Subst. aversum, 1, n. thehinder 
or back part, the back (in gen. only in 
the plur.) : per aversa urbis ft^am de- 
derat, liv. ||. Fig.: disincUned, 
alienaied, opposed, hostile : with ab, 
dot., or abM. X. with ab: aversus 
a Musis, (^c 2. ^th dot. : aversus 
mercaturis, Hor. 8. absd.: aversa 
Deae mens, Vlrg. 

&-TertO (vorto) (in BfSS. sometimes 
abverto), a, sum, j. v. a. to turn 
away from, to turn aside, to avert, 
etc. (opp. to advertoy With occ. and 
tUt or oM.: the new direction desig- 
nated by in (more rar. by ad) : iter ab 
Arari Helvetil averterant, had turned 
their march from, Oies. : Italia Teu- 
cromm regem. Yirg. And poet, with 
aoc. (of the place wlilther) : quo reg- 
num Italiae Ubycas averteret ores, 
Vlrg. With tfi .* in ftigam classem, 
Liv. Jbsol. : mllle ades avertlt, aver- 
tetque, se. in fugam. put to flight, id. 
2. Pass, in reflective sfgnlf. with 
the Ace. : equus fontes avertltur, Vlrg. 
8. As v.n. averteross se avertere, 
to turn oneself away, to retire : ob 
earn oausam hue aln te avorti, Pt. 
II. to turn anything aside from its 
proper channel, to steal, embessle, ap- 
propriate to onetelf: pecnnlam publi- 
cam, Or. : quatuor a stabuUs tanros, 
Vlrg. III. Fig. : to divert a person 
from a course of action, purpose, etc. : 
accusandi terrores et minae populi opi- 
nlonem a spe adlpiscendl avertunt, CMc 
2. to divert, alienate, estrange in 
feeling: Ipse Pompeius iotum se ab 
ejus (sc. (^esaris) amidtia averteret, 
had alienated himself, Caes. 

&Tla» *c« /• C*^'^] A grandmother : 

&vl&rlixmt it. n. raviariusl a reaort 

&Tld8i a<Iv- eagerly, greedily : avUs 
arripere llteras Graecas, Cic 

&vldltaif iti», /. [avidusl eager- 
ness, longing, vdi^emcnt desire (in both 
a good and a bad sense) : haheo seuectuti 
magnsm gretiam, quae mlhi sermonls 
aviditatem anxit, potionis et cibi sns- 
tuUt, Cic II. E^. eagerness far 
money, coveUmsnets, avarice : (Justitia) 
eas res spemlt et negUgit, ad quas 
plerlque mflammaH aviditate n^un- 
tur, id. 

&yldllli •• vm, a^. [aveol longing 
eagerly for (in either a good or a bod 
sense), desirous, eager, greedy: with 
gen., in, dot., or absM. L ^ith gen. : 
dW, Ter.: videndl, Gv. PoeL, with 
inf. instMd of gen, gerund. : avidi com* 
mittere pugnam, id. 2. ^tb in 

and occ : avlda in novas res ingema, 
Liv. 8. ^ith dot. : servorum niaona 
subitls avidae, Tac 4. abscL, and 
transf. to things: sunt aridae (aures 
me»e), ^c ||. avaricious, covetous 
= avarus : allquantom ad rem avidlor, 
Ter. : avidae manus beredis, Hor. HI. 
hungry, greedy, gluttonous : convivae, 
id. Poet of things: insatiable: 
mare, Lucr. |V. Fig.: in Lucret: 
large, vast : Inde a>idam partem montea 
silvaeque ferarum possedere, id. 

&yif t i^ /• icM. sing, both avi and 
ave, but the fonner more naitd) a bird, 
or collect the winged tribe, fovls : 
ista enim avl (sc. aouila) volat nuUa 
vdiementius, Cic Pro v. avis alba, 
for something rare, unusual : id. Q. 
Esp. a bird of omen (v. augurium and 
auspldumV- and me ton. a sign, omen, 
porient: liquido exeo foras auspido,avi 

Evltllli a* iim> o4J' Cavns] pertain- 
ing to a grane^ather, ancestml: pa* 
temae atque avitae possessiimea, Cte. 
II. Meton. : very old or ancient: 
merum, Ov. 

9pyIlI8« 0* tmi, adij. [via] otttof the 
way, lonesome : also, untrached, track- 
less, pathless: avia Heridnm peragro 
loca, nulliua ante trita solo. Lucr. : avito 
itineribus, through by-u:ays. Sail. Also, 
Subst avium, U. ti. a pathless place, a 
wHdemess: nsu. In plur.: avia corgn 
dnm sequor, et nota excedo regicne 
viarura, Vlrg. With gen.: nemorum. 
Ov. Poet of persons: uxmdering, 
straying: contlnuo in montes sese a>iU8 
ahdidlt altos, Vlrg. ||. Ffe.: erro- 
neoM : avius a vera longe ratlone v»> 
garfs, Lucr. 

&v6e&tl0. Onls, /. favoco] a eaOino 
off, a diverting of tM attention, <&- 
version, interrtqtiion (very rare) : avo- 
catio a cogitanda molestla, Cic 

9py6cOt *^> atum, i. v. a. to caJl of 
or away : partem exerdtus ad bellum, 
Liv. 11. Fig. in gen. : to urithtUaw, 
divert, remove: aliquem ab allqua re 
voluptas avocat, Cic n|, to divert 
or distract the vnind (in both a good 
and a bad sense) : quae dmul et avo- 
cant animum et commlnuunt. Plin. 
1 ft-yfilo» *^ atum, I. V. ti. to Jlj 




aicttf r per aetbeiias umbru, Ou. ||. 
Jfcton. of perstms: to haiien awajft 
Mtatea^: cjipeziar oerte, ut hioc avo- 

amlfOfc >• mn, PwrL [avello]]. 

IfHAeiilUlt U *^ <^'**' [avusl a 
w$Aa't bnlkar, MoXemoI uncle : Cic : 
•TOQciilas magnH*, a grwndmotke^t 
tmker (iitIm frater), ymU-undc, id. : 
■vwaliM mi^, a broUitr of the gnat- 
grndmUker, grtoA-grtat-wn^Lt (proa- 
vke ftater), QaL Sonetimet am^nltis 
■^oraAvunculns nugnus. bro<Aer of 
fike ffraitdwtotMer, Soet. : and avnncnlus 
afaMt.saviuiculasiDiOor.Tac. (Heooe 


ifVlt i. •»• a ^raiM^a<A«r; pater, 
•vu, mtianu, abavus, atavua, tritavua, 
Pi n. H e t on. : ameestor^/or^ather: 
Hot. THcDoe Fr. ateul.) 
^•lldA. *e. /. a ^ir <j^ «cisaort, 


azillA. ae, /. [aUl (Ae arvt^: 
Cfe. [Clc. •appoees ala to be a oon- 
tnctSon of axilla: but axilla is a dimi- 
mnire of ala : cf. mala, maxiUa, velnm, 
vudUmn ; talus. taxiUiis; paalu8,paux- 
Ittntn (Hence Fr. aiueUe; Qenn. 

axjliu axltsBCfferlm, it, ▼. ago init, 
tnt (also anis). it, m. as a^y, an 
axle .faglniia axil, Virg.: and meton. : 
a ckorioC, tou^i^mi, Ov. ||. the axis 
«f the earth : moDdtun Tenari drcnm 
•xcai cocli, Oc. Hence meton. : L 
Oi mmik pole: Lucr. 2. the whole 
Af: BMumiua Atlaa axem humero tor* 
qoct ■tellia ardentibus i^lum, Virg. 
8. a r^fion. climate: borroa, the 
mtO, Ov. ||I. a bottrd,pUmk: Gaes. 
[IWl firom agoj 


Bb. imded. fu, denotes the toft 
f kfaial soood between « and p : 
MS labial it ii connected with v, p, /. 
ud « : while as a medial it is the ooi^ 
>«ladTeofpand d. It is used in words 
fcvaed toexpress certain natural sounds, 
as Is balare, banrire, boare, bombitare, 
•It. The BMoans probably gave the 
soondptn many cases where tb«y wrote 
fe.cspcdalty when the b was fln^ as in 
•b. ob, sob, or when these preps, were 
tted in coinp.« as before c, j», and /, 
vbea DO asshnikUion took place in 
*TidD^ Qnintilian says '*qutnn dico 
dhth^tU secnndam b Utenun ratio pos- 
dUsnifs magis audiuntD.'" so some<> 
Ubss icribtut is foond instead of 
*gy< itf. Hence we find variations 
tetveen be and pt: b seems to have 
)mb retained when it belonged to 
tbe root of the word, as pUbt, wrb$ ; 
cuept Id the verbal forms nupiUacripH, 
*hn« p was m, preferred. StiU there 
tn vsr. ef. JheyrtUM and Aptyrtta, op- 
* ■»' ■» and obmmUtm : gen., however, 
lbs Or. ^ was lenderal l^jx. 

I. ^ is interdianged with other 
laUals. 1. Wi th V : /arbui anAfervi ; 
»ebum and sevum: thus the Latm b is 
often changed into v in ItaL, Fr., and 
Sp., as habert^ avere^ annr, etc. So 
aLso the MSS. often vary between bimit 
and vixit, vene for beiM, and so un. 
Allied to this is the interdiange of b 
with dk dv or cbo, as bomu for auonue, 
beUumitoT dueUmm, bis for diMS ; Sans. 
dwi$. 2. With p : itifivwroit carba- 
nu; irv(ott buxuM; mipyos, burgtu; 
Genu, burg: poplieuM was afterwards 
pubUcut, and Ennius wrote Burrua for 
Pfrrhta, 8. With /: o^^ amto; 
ip^av6c (later 2»4<k) Ofrbvtet so rubeo 
and rttfua. 4. with m : 0poT<k» »»or- 
talii : still more freq. b is inserted be- 
tween m and a liquid, as cunMtktre; Fr. 
combler : numerui ; Fr. nowtbre^ etc. |l. 
B is interchanged, though rarely, with 
gutturals : with 0, cA, c ; Scms. i)r^, 
Lat. bot: xoA^. ^g- ^ol^ Lat. Mlts: 
Aicura was an older form of Sabura, 
and Ctt/b is found for bt^o. \l\. In 
Inscr. B gen. denotes bonue or bene : 
thus B.D.^ Bona Dea; B. M.s=J9ene 
Jtonmti. Sometimes it Btan(}s for 
.0»t^AcwiWii«, and B. B. for JSm^ct- 

b&bae <^ paPM. inteH.ssifiafiai or 
irairai, an exclamation of wonder and 
joy : wonderful ! atrange ! Ter. 

b&hj^lo. <^ni*> *>^ (prob. from Babylon, 
whence. Babylonian, foreigner^a money' 
changer, banker : Ter. 

b&DJ^ldnloat omm (more rare in 
sing, bs^lonicum, i). n. plu, Babyti^ 
ntan covninga or tapettry : Iact. 

baoa* V. baoca. 

baoea (iQ MSS. sometimes ban), ae, 
/. a berry: lauri, Virg. E^ of the 
olive: agrioola qnum florem oleae videt, 
baocam qnoque se visnrum putat, Cic 
AbsoL for the olive :quotl^cyonbacaw, 
quot parit Hyblafsvos, Ov. H. In 
gen.: any fruit of a tree: arborra 
seret diligens agrioola, quamm aspldet 
bacoam ipse nnnquam, Cic |||. Me- 
ton. of things like a berry: L a 
pearl or bead: aoeto diluit insignem 
baocam, Hor. : circum oiva tempora 
bacose, Ov. [Cf. Goth, baai; Germ. 
b«fre; Eng. berry.} (HMice Fr. bate.) 

baocar (baccbar), iris, n.aB/Uxxd- 
pic, a plant having a fragrant root, 
from tehich an oil vxu easpHrtaaed : also 
called nardum msticum: emntea ha> 
deras passim cum bsccare, Viig. 

bACOitUt «. nm [baoca, no. i] aet 
or adorned with pearla (very rare) : 
monile, Virg. 

baiwihtoftl (old Orthogr. BACAVAL), 

&lis, n. a place devoted to Bacchita : ad 
Bacchas veni in Bacchanal, PI. I|. In 
gen., in the plur., Bacchanalia, ium: 
a feaat of Baochu*, the orgiea of Bac- 
duia: v. Smith's Ant. i)6: Liv. : Clc 
In sing. : Bacchanal fiscere. PI. Poet.: 
Bacchanalia vivere. to live in the man' 
ner of ike BacdkonieMt to live riotaualy, 

baochfttiOi ^^* .f' Cboocbor] a r0> 
F a 

veiling, raving, in the manner of the 
Bacchat (very rare): Clc 

iHieellort ^^us, i. «. dq;>. [Bacchus^ 
to celebrate the featival of Bcuxh*u : 
Cat. Hence bacchantes = Baodiae, the 
Bacehantea: spaniA Medea oipiUis fiac- 
chantum ritu, Ov. ||. Meton.: to 
revel, rave, or rant, like the Baochae : 
quibus gaudiis exsultabls? quanta in 
voluptate baochabere? Clc : saevit iuops 
animi, totamque incensa per urbem 
bacchatur. goea abotU raving, Virg. 
III. Fig. : of inanimate things. Of 
winds: Tluado baodiante magis sub 
interlnnia vento, Hor. Of a rumour: 
ooncussam bacdiatur faraa per urbem, 
apreada rapidly, Yl^. Of enthusisstic, 
flighty discourse quod eos, quorum 
altior OTatio actuique esset ardentior 
fiirere et bacduri arbitraretur, Cic. 
Pass, of the plaue in which the orgien 
of Bacchus were celebrated : virginibus 
baccfaata LaGas*iis T^ygeta, Virg. 

Bacehuit Meton. for the vine: 
anortos Bacobvs amat ooUes, Virg. ||. 
Far more fteC|. for teine : et multo iu 
prlmis hilarans oonvivia Bacdio. id. 

bawflfeTf 6^ 9rum, ocb*. [bacca 
feroj bearing berriea : taxtis, VM. t|. 
Esp. bearing oUvea : Pallas, Ov. 

D&oilllUlli U *•• diin. rbaculusl a 
amall atf^, a woatd: Clc In particular, 
the toandoT ataff of the lictor : id. 

bftefilUDli i. n. (also, boculus, i, «m.) 
rfidtxTpo^Ja atiek, a walking atick: 
incnmbens baeulo quern dextra gerebat, 
Ov. Also the aygunU ataff ox liXwu: 

b&iillOt x> V. a. rbiOulus] to bear a 
btMKkn, to oorry anything heavy, msfiao' • 
rd^n (very rare) : aslnus b^iUaus 8ar> 
cinas, Pliaedr. 

biJtUllfi i,m.aoxrr»o'(2^aburden, 
a porter, carrier, day4aibourer : ntrum 
da Ixmls est quaerendnm, quid bcOuU 
atqne operarU, an quid hommes doctis- 
simi aeuserint ? Cic 

bftlMnat x^/* =^ ^«Aau>a, a loftalc ; 
PI. : Ov. (Henoe Fr. baleine.) 

bftUbraSi i. /.Snd 1».ae/3(iAayOf=a 

glans, an acorn, Plin. ||. Meton.: 
any fruit cf aimHar form. Eq>. a 
nut yielding a balaam, the Arabian ben- 
nut : yxema tuls balanus oapUlia, Hor. 

bftlatro* Onis, m. [blaterol lit. a 
boMIer; hence, a ieaUr, a buffoon: 
mendid, mimaa, bauttrones, hoc genus 
omne, Hor. 

bU&tllli fiC m- Dm^I ^ bleating 
<ff ^eep : agni balatnm exeroent, Virg. 

balbft MV. stommer^Iy, atutier' 
ingly: Lucr. 

bldbllff *• un, cuM. atammering, 
atuttering: o» pneii baJbum, Hor. 

balbfttlO. ^v.n. aoA a. [balbua] 
I. V. «». to atammer, atutter : Ceis. 
Fig.: to speoic o&seurely. not oorrecfly ; 
deunant balbnUre (Academici) apev' 
teque et dsra voce andeant dicere, Cic. 
II. V. a. to atutter, atammer, or 
liap out aomething: Stoicos perpauoi*. 
balbntiens, id. 

I^KiMfji a balneae, v. balmimi. 




bftlinonin* v* balneum. 

hftlHrtaralao bAlitU, and bdlUtn), 
»e, /. [/SoAAmI a large military enffine 
for hurting $Umei (und oiker mittiU$, 
the baUista (v. Smith't Ant jSi): 
ballistae Upidam et reUqna tonnenta 
teI<Miiin,Cic U.Meion.: amitsiU: 
H. 2. Fig.: Jikm infortnnli intenta 
ballUta probe, kL 

ballifttrlim. U, n.a.balUXa, the 
balliMta: PI. 

bfdneMi ▼• balneum. 

pC^liria, T. balneariof . 

biuniirllll, *. mn, at^. [balnenm] 
pertaining to the bath : balnetfll fures, 
lurking about baths. Cat. « Sabs t. bal- 
oearia, onim, tt. plu. a bathing-room, 
btUh : nihil ei rettabat praeter balneaiia 
et ambulationem et aviarinm, Cic. 

>axiHtor. OriiK m. [id.] the keeper 
ofabath: Cia 

babUhmit i> *•• in 
balneae, axnm^ f. : later, balnea, oram, 
n. [contr. from bftlln6um« also in nse, 
e«p. in post-Aog. prose, jpiur. b&Unfiae 
wsfiaXa»uov\ a bath, a place for bath- 
ing (the public bath, as cunsisting of 
several apartmcnta, only in plur. v. 
Smith's Ant. 94 seg.): Caesar ambnlavit 
in litore : poet boram octavaro in heX- 
neum, Cic. 2. f*e^' P^fr. balnea, 
orum: Hot. [Henoe It. bagno; Fr. 

biioi <k^t Atxxin, I. v.n. [onomatq>^ 
to Meat : ove« aetate credo esse mntas : 
ne balant qoklMn, com a pecu cetero 
absunt. Pi. Poet. : pectM balans. 
Jot.: andabsol. biJantamgrex, Virg. 
(Hence Fr. bSler, bHier.) 

balsinnun, U n. » fiikntutv, a 
fragrant gum ef the battam-treet balm 
qfGilead: Virg. 

btltihlB. it *»• (and baltea, n.plur.) 
a girdle^ belt: esp. a ihoulder-bdt or 
MwordrbeU (y. Smith's Ant. 57) : Teni- 
tum in balteo deflgitnr, Cses. 2. 
Poet.: a woman'» girdle: oaelatos 
balteus auro, Ov. 

l)&r||[thni]llf 1* **• ^ fiapeiBfMVt a 
de^ pit, a g%df^ abjfu (mostly poet) : 
o barathrum ubi none es? ut ego te 
usurpem lobens, PI. Fig. : quid enim 
differt barathrone dooes quidquld babes, 
an nunqnam utare paratis? thouthrouh 
est into the abyu, 1. e. squandereit^ 
Hor. Poet of a uMrlpool: iroo ba- 
raihri ter gurgite vastos sorbet in ab< 
ruptom fluctus, Virg. ||. Fig.: 
the maw, stomach (troitk its tnsatiable- 
nets): Pi. Hence of a gre«djr man: 
barathrum macelU, an ahjfss qf the 
market, Hor. 

birltbras« i. m.s»fiipaBiMf, a man 
vmrthjf qfthe w^emol r^jfions, a worth' 
less fellow: Lucr. 

lltrbAt *^/* ^ bMvtf, of men and 
animals: alba, PI.: barbam promittere, 
to let grow. LiT.r barbam submittere 
(as a sign of moumhigX Snet : barbam 
vellere allcoL to pluek one 5y the beard 
(a great insult), Hor.: barbam pascere 
saplentem. to study the Stoic philosophy, 
i. (For tAoRomanoostomt respecting 

tiM beard ▼. Smith's Ant. 57.) 2. 
Of animals : luporum, Hor. 

barMrf t <*^- ^** ^ manner of fo- 
reigners, barbarously, rudely, etc : si 
grammatJcom se mofessns quisplam 
barbare loquatur, Cic. Of Latin (as 
opp. to Greek) DemophUus scripsit, 
Marcos TCHtit barbare, i. e. into Latin, 

]NUrbari« onmi, ▼. barbaras. 

Mffbirlat <M (Fsreiy barbtriM* 

aoc. -em.),/, [barbarusl on ouUandish 
or foreign oountry, C e, one oat of 
Greece or Italy : a quo (philosopho) non 
solum Qraeciaet Italia, sed etiam omnis 
barbaria commota est, Cic. Thus (with 
the Greeks) even of Italy, as opp. to 
Greece; PI. ||. Meton.: nwmtolor 
tfioral barbarousneu : barbaria forensis, 
dc. Of barbarism in language: id. 
2. savageness, uncivilised manners: 
inveteratam barbariam ex Gaditanorum 
moribus diadpUnaque delevit (Caesar), 
barbariciuni Subst. r. barbarlcus. 

barMtflons. *, «m. a<V*P«P^- 
puc6( [barbarus], outlandish, foreign, 

strange, barbarous, in opp. to Grecian 

or Roman : vestes. Lucr. : barbarico 

postes auro spolilsque soperbi, Virg. 

Thus (in the mouth of a Greek) for 

Italian, Rowwn : urbes, PI. Hence 

Subst. barbaricum, 1, n. a foreign land: 

Albis In barbarico, longe ultra Khenum 

est, Eutrop. 

barbaxieSf ▼• barbaria. 

barM^ni. », ««>, a4f.=p«b$apo», 

foreign, strange, barbarous : and Subst. 
a fortigner, stranger, barbarian ; in 
opp. to Greek or Roman: barbarus 
hoepee, PI. : servi sgrestes et barbari, 
Cic Also of Latin as opp. to Greek: 
cum aUentoenis, cum barbaris aeterunm 
omnibus Graecls bellum est eritque, 
Liv. In barbarum, adv. in the manner 
of barbarians or foreigners, Tac |l. 
Meton. : Of manners: wtcultivated, 
rude, unpoU^ied : qui alUs Inhnmanus 
ac barbarus, Isti uni oommodus sc dl- 
sertus vlderetur, Oc 2. Of charscter : 
wild, savage, cruel, b a rb a rous : barbari 
quidara et tromanes, id. 

barbfttiilnti ^ ^oa, dim. [barbatus] 
having a small beard: ooncnrsabant 
barbatult Juvenes, Cic. 

bttrb&tlll* *t oni, at^. [barba] having 
a beard, bearded : dicere llcebit Jovem 
semper barbatum, ApolUnem semper 
imberbem, Cic. Meton. an adtUt: 
eqnltare In arundine longa, si quem 
deleotet barbatum, Hor. : 2- <m 
ancient Roman : aliquis mlhi ab inferis 
excltandus est ex barbatis iUis, uou hac 
barbula, Cic. ||. Of animals : dbsol. 
a aoati Pbaedr. : barbatl mulli, Cic. 

MUrUgSTi Si«« Srum, a4j. Pbarba 
geroj wearing a beard, bemrded : ca- 
peltae, Lucr. 

barbltdn* n. and barbltSti «*. and 

/. (only In nem., ace., and voe. ; plur. 
narblta, n.)tKpdDfiiTO¥ (-ov). a lyre, a 
lute: age, die LAtinum, barbite, car- 
men, Hor. MetoD. i titr tune played 

upon the lute: nofi fadt ad lacrimaa 
barbitos ulla meas, Ov. 

barblUa, •«./• d*^. pMrba] a littU 
beard: non hac barbula. qua ista (mn- 
Uer) delectatur. sed iUa borrid^ Cic 

bardlU. •, ran, a49' =^p«Wt, stt^, 
duU of apprehension (yery rare) : Zo> 
pyros stupidum esse Socratem dixit at 
bardum, Cic. 

birOi ItalSf «^ a tintplcttm. Hods 
head : nos barones stupemoa, dc. 

bftirijiftft, V. basilicas. 

Mfflei; odp. royoUy, splendidly, 
wtagn^oently : PL 

kingly, royal, sjAendid, ntagnijloent : 
basilicas edictiones atque imperiosas 
habet, PL ||. Subst : baslUca, ae,/. 
^/SooriAunf (se. Mxla or oroA), a public 
buiUHng in the forum unth double a^ 
lonnades, wlUdi was used both as a 
court ofju^ice and as an exchange ; a 
basiUea, portico. Subsequently there 
were many such boildings in Rome (v. 
Smith's Ant 57): fonmi plenum et 
basilicas istorum hominnm vldemns, 

b&aif, is, /. ^Bdmt (» ttepping. 
going). Li t : a foci track (of cattle, 
etc.Y II. a pedestal, foot, base : in 
basi statuarum. Cic. : basis viUae, the 
fotmdation-wau, id. fU. In mathe- 
matics : basis tiianguU. the bate of a 
triangle, i± 

MJTnini U* **• [for sSvlum, suavhnn] 
a kiss, a kissing of the hand (rare): 
jactat basia tiUoen, tkrows a kiss cf As 
hand, Phaedr 

b&tUllim (in MSS. al«> vaaUum). 
i, n. a shovd, fire-shovel, etc : batiUt 
ferrei, Plin. ||. a fire-pan, chafing' 
disfc : prunae batUlum, Hor. 

b&tifftlftt AC,/, a smaU drinkinff-eup : 

battnOi ▼• batuo. 

b&tfto (*1m> written battao), ui, ]. 
V. a. and n. to strike, beat, hU (very 
rare) : PI. Of fencing, as v. n, : batnebat 
pugnatorils armb, he fenced u^ith sharp 
weapons (not with the foil). Suet. 
(Hence lUl. battere; Fr. battrej) 

baubOTf !• •*• d^- Of dogs : to bark 
gently : Lucr. 

bHtSi 'x'v. happily : bene beateqoe 
vivere, Cic 

bS&tltai, Itit,/. [beatus] happiness, 
blessedness: dc. 

bHtitOdOj. tola. /. [Id.] happiness, 
blessedness: Cic 

MAtnif a* nm. Part, and AM. [beo] 
ho^tpy, prosperous, blessed : qol beatus 
est non intelUgo, quid reqnlrat, ut stt 
beatlor: si est enim quod dealt ne 
beatus quidem est dc. : qito at beatus 
sis, / wtsh you all happiness, U. ||. 
wealthy, in good eirctumstancrs : no- 
nyslus tyrannus fult opulentlssimae et 
beatissimae dritatls. Id. Poet of In- 
animate things : rich, o^imdant excel' 
lent, splendid: arces, Hor. : ma, M. 

bellillaf Drum, fi. plur. : dessert- 
fruits, nuts, confectionery, swret wins, 
etc.: PL 




btUfttO't ^^'^ (aodent form doeUft- 
lor), mu p)eUo1 a warrior, aoldier: 
dead bcUiqne duellatorM opUmi, PI.: 
pctenui boUtor doxqne, Liv. ||. 
▲4J. (I&e anuitor, urator, venator, ete.) : 
wa^ike, nlonmt (poeU): bellator Tiir« 


ntUtziz, Ids. A n)ellAtor] a/emole 

mrrior; or <u(^. KomJbe (mostly poet.) : 
FfeatkesOe*. Vlig. : diva, i. e. FaUat, 
Or. Fig.: lsUbeUatxixlraamdia,tAa 

MlitftllUt •# ain,<i4y'.<im. [belliu3 
kmnonnuly for beUolus, freUjft neat : 
lidla beUatala, PL 

bens* «to. >*»rfy, preuay, neaUjf, 
cl«ywUly, ««a, etc: oeUe habere, to 
fe te ^oiMf htaltk, CIc : caetera belle, 
tkeraimrt rif^, id. 

ballloQfill, a, urn, a4f . [belUau] 
/•atf o^ war, troritte, HMH'liai, «a- 
iAnwtf : gente* immaoea et barbanie et 
t^llimaiw, Qc : proviada, Caea. Fig.: 
brmcoaior annus, a more warlike ytoTt 

M|folll (old form, doeUiciis), a, mn. 
0%. [bellmn 1 pertaining to war, miU- 
tary: ara fluellka, PL: laua, Caea.: 
gloria, Tac ||. Subs L : beUicum, 1, 
n. a tignalfor atorcA <a for the begin- 
nimg ^ an attack (given by the trum> 
pet): PhUippmn, ou primum belUcom 
earn aadtaaet, arma captumm, at the 
int iV«<>< «iU be ready to talee arms, 
JJr. rig.: iidem me bellicom oecl- 
uSam^aml, aroused, incited, Cic And 
ut Aery, inflammatory disooarae : alter 
fTbocyditfea) incitatlor fertnr et de 
beiUcia lebua canit etiam quodammodo 
ielUcam. ntmdt the alarm, id. |||. 
Mcton.:sbeUioo8ua: warlike: Falliitt 

befflgeft ^^ Cram, ad^. [bellmn 
gero] waging war, warlike, martial, 
^aiimmt (poet.) : gentei, Ov. Of inanl- 
naie thinga : enda, id. 

belUgirot A^ atmn, I. V. a. [id.] 
to wage or carry on war, tojight (rare) : 
eoB Gallia tumnltnatum veriut quam 
belhgeratmn, liv. Fig. : cum fonuna, 

bdO-pStSlkft eotla, a^. (jbellum 
potent] fowerful or valiant «n war 
(poet., and rare). Stibet. BelUpotem, 
i,e.Man, Virv. 

bdlo* *^, atmn, i.v.n. (bellor, i. 
v. dep. Virg.) [bellom] to wage or 
eorry on war, to war : quuro ilia dvitas 
cam Foenift bellaret, Oic. : homlnea beU 
landl aipidi. Can. : quoad bellatum 
caet, «fim the war ehould be ended s= 
debeUatnm eaaet, Liv. ||. Ingen.: 
*^M^t tontend (poet.) : Ov. 

btllor, ari, T. beUo. 

Mhuk beUnalif* -ilifl» -inns, 


biUftllU* *• ™i** ^- ^'^"^ [bellos] 
fretty, degant, lavelf : PL 

iMilitt L n. (old form dfiellum, 
freq. fomd in the poeU of the Aug. 
pe.) : [Ihan dno : hence prop^ a con- 
tat bOween two, a duel] : war : Jam 
tn atqoe fcniun, dnelli inatrumenta. 

non fanl, Cic: bellnm ita suadpiatur 
ut nihil aliud nisi pax quaeaita videatur, 
id. Phraaea: apparare, to arm, equip 
far war, "Sep, : parare aUcui, againtt 
any one, id. : demmdare et indioere, to 
dedare, Cic.: inferre alicui. to make 
war upon, id. : facere, id. : Caea. : 
agere, to carry on, wage, id. : adminis- 
trare cum aliquo =scontra aliquem, to 
conduct a» general, Q\c: gerere cum 
aliquo, to carry on, «ittto<ns=sufllinere, 
id. : deCerre helium ad aliquem, or dare 
alicai helium, to entrtLtt any one with 
the management of a war, id. : trahere, 
to protract, id. : ducere, to protract, 
Ca^ : oonficere, to bring to a dote, id. 
The i^L beUo sometimes sin hello, in 
war, in time of war; esp. in connection 
with a4). : apud B^lum bello Latino* 
rum, etc. Contrasted with proellum, 
though the distinction is not always ob- 
served, and sometimes the terms are in- 
terchanged : Hannibal fassus in curia est, 
non proelio modo se, sed bello victum, 
Uv. II. Belli, adverbiaUy: in war, 
albroad, gen. with domi: in war and 
in peace : belli domique. Sail. In Livy 
spmetinMs belli domoque. |||. F i g. : 
cum improbis bellum snsdpere, Cic : 
Mbunidum helium, contention, quarrel 
with the tribwMi, Ldv. | V. M e to n. : 
for proelium, a combat, figM: hie vero 
ingeutem pugnam, oeu cetera nusquam 
bella forent, Virg. 

belliioiQSi V. boluosus. 

bellntt •< tun, adj. n»ntr. from be> 
nulust fhmi benns = oonus] goodly, 
handtome, farming, lovely, neat, agree- 
able, polite, etc : idmis bella es atque 
amauUs, PL : Hliae et puellae Caed< 
liae bellisstmae salntem dices, Dc Of 
things: uuum quodque, quod qtiidon 
erit Dellissimum, caipam, Ter. : reoor- 
dor, quam bella paullsper nobis guber- 
nantibns dvitas merit, in wh€U a plea- 
tant condition the state was, Cic : quam 
sit bellum cavere malum, how delight- 
ful it is, id. (Hence old Fr. bel, beO, 
biatU ; mod. : beau, bel, belle.) 

UltUl (bellua), ae, /. a bout, esp. of 
lai^ sixe, a monster : elephanto belna- 
rum nulla prudentior, Cic : belua vasta 
lupus, Ov. : of the sea-monster slain 
by Perseus, veniens immenso belua 
ponto, id. Eap. the elephant: Ter. 
Fig. : avarttia, helna fera, SalL ||. 
Me ton.: as a term of reproach : beast, 
brute: age nunc, beliu, credls huic 
quod dicat? Ter. [Perh. connected 
with bdl-aenOf a whale.] (Hence 
ItaL belva.) 

UltULtni (bell.). », nm, a^f. [belua] 
orjuiptented with figures qf ontmote : 
tapetia, PL 

MHi6flLi (bell.), a, um, a^j. [id.] 
abounding in beasts or monsters : Oce- 
anus, Hor. 

bfoS. adv. (Comp. melius : Svp. op* 
time) [benus for bonus] tcell, rightly, 
ably, beautifully, pleasantly, prosper- 
ously, etc : villa bona beneque aedifl< 
cata, Cic ||. Particular prases : 
bene dicere, to speak weU, sensibly: 

bene et sapienter dixti dudum, Ter. 
2. Bene fscere, in gen., to do or 
act well: bene fedt A.Silius, qui tran- 
segerit, Cic: bene fads, bene lecisti, 
bene factum, eto., very well, toeU done, 
I am obliged, etc, Plaut. and Ter. 
passim : bene facere alicui, to do any 
one a kindneu: ego ne Ingratis quSdem 
bene tacen absistam, Liv. 8. Bene 
ease alicai, to be wdl with any one, be 
fortunate for: Jurat bene soils esse 
maritis, Hor. So bene est, bene habet, 
bene agitur, *'( is well, J am satisfied^ 
etc Thus in letters, si vales, bene 
est : bene habent Ubi prindpia, are 
prosperous, Ter. 4. Bene emere, to 
buy cheap : bene veridere, to sell diar t 

?no melius emptum sdatis, Cic. |||. 
If^ith ady. and adv.: very, right, ex- 
ceedingly : bene maraa oiterva, id. : 
pectua bene fldum, Hor. 2. ^on 
bene, vix bene, hardly: vix bene de- 
sieram, Ov. 8. As an exclamation : 
good, ezcdlent, etc.: Cic: and with 
ace. or dot, : health to you ! etc : bene 
vos, PI.: bene mihl, bene vobis, id. 
(Hence Fr. Wen.) 

benMIoi* ado. [beiWHiico] affably, 
kindly: Pi. 

btei^-dlOOt xi, ctum, J. V. n. and a. 
to speak wdl of any one, to commenfi, 
praise: with dot. (in this signif. usu. 
written apart) : cui bene dixit unqnam 
bono? bene dixit? imo, quern fortem 
et bonum dvem non pelulantissime est 
iusectatus? C^ic Absol.: adbenedicen- 
dum delectandumqne redacd (poetae), 
Hor. II. to say uords qf good omen : 
he^ bene didte, PL 

MB^diotonif U n. a tpeaJdng in 
praise of, praise, commendation (very 
rare): PL 

beiU^-f&dtO (more correctly as two 
words: v. benel fBd, fi»ctum, j. r. it. 
With dot. : toao good to one, to benefit, 
show favour (rare): tibi Di bene fadant 
omnM, PL Also erga aliquem : id. 
Pass. : quod bonis benefit benefidum, 

bSnifBUStlUli i« n.s=: benefidum, a 
ben^tt, kindness (rare and poet.) : f>ro 
benefacUs preUiun reddere, PL Lsed 
in the plural in the sense of good <ic- 
tions, where many edd. read bene focta: 
benefactorum recordatio, Cic 

bSxi6fioenti[ftt «,/. kindness, bene- 
fcence: quid - praestantlus bonitate et 
beneficentia? Cic 

llfoifldftlllU. a, ran, a<(/. [bcnefl- 
dum] pertaining to a favour (as a^/. 
rare):Seiu ||. SubsL: Beneflciarii, 
orum, m. plu. soldiers toho had r*- 
ceived some honour or special exemption 
from service: duo ouhorieit, quae ex 
benefidariis superiorum exerdtuum ad 
eum oonvenerant, Caea. 

MnSfidllUlli ii, »»• [benelicus] a 
wdf-doing, good conduct : Cato. But 
gen. used in the sense of doivg good, 
kindness, favour, benefit : pro male Ado 
benefidum reddere, Ter. With in and 
aec.: Caesar sua senatusque in eum 
beneflda commemoravit, Cses. In aU. t 





by OU AeljD, ffvfipore : benefido too m1- 
▼lu, Cic : noc benefldo, bg this meant, 
Ter. II. Trans, to pablic Ufe : a 
dUtinctum, a/avour, grant: especUlly 
of the pablic t^oes conferred by the 
Konum pe<n>le : oooptatio ooUeglomm 
ad popali beneficiom transferebatur, 
etc. £q). of military promotiong : 
quae antea dlctatonun et oonsulum 
ferme f\ierant beneflcia, liv. Meton. : 
the penons promoted : magna efl«e Pom- 
pell beneflda et magnas dlentelas In 
dteiiore provlnda adebat, Caai. 

b&li-floiilt •, ran, (Ufg. [bene and 
fadoj. Lit.: wsil-doittg ; generoiu, 
liberal, beneJUxnt, Miffing (rare) : nbi 
beiieficua, at nemo alterius canaa be- 
nlffnelaclt? Clc. 

benaflpi ^- benefacto. 

bSniydldf o^ff- benevolently, kindly : 
amloe et benevolo aUonkl facere. Clc. 

btei-vdleni (in MSS. also benlvo- 
lens), entla, cu^. for benevolns fbene 
voloj icell-wiAing, kind^eartedl fa- 
vottroMe, kind^ oUiging : amicua mal- 
tmn benevoleno, PL : benevolentlor 

?uam temper ful eaae nou pocAum, 
Ic l|. Snbst. : a velUmsker, 

Jriend: aflcni amicus et benevolenn, PI. 

binivdlentla (in MSS. alao benl- 
▼olentlaX ae, /. ("bene and volens] 
goodtmU, good-feeltng, kindnets, fa- 
voitr, friendtkip : nihil eat qnod stndlo 
et benevolentia, vel amore potius, effld 
non po«8lt,Cic.: felidtas reruro gesta- 
rum exerdtua benevolentiam Impera* 
torlbua condllat, Caes. With in and 
ace.: hulc Caesar pro ^jus vlrtute atque 
in se benevolentia nu^rom locum restl- 

ben&-vdlni (in MSS. also benlvolos), 
a. um, 04?'. C^olo^ xcelUvithing, kind, 
friendly: erga aliquem benevolns, PI. 
Of servants: devoted, vdUing: servus 
domino benevolus, Cic 

bfoignt, adv. Of feeling: kindty, 
benec<^,ently, eourteoiuly, favourably ; 
benlgne et amice fiuere, PI. : salutarc 
benigne, Clc. : anna capere, readily, 
uiUinaly, Uv. 2. benlgne dids, or 
a!ttoI. benigne, In colloquial lang., both 
in accepting and decUnlng an offer : / 
thank you, I am much obliged; no, I 
thank you, etc : benlgne dids, R. : die 
ad coenam veniat . . . Benlgne rrapon- 
dct, Hor. II. Of action : abundantly, 
liberally, generoialy : benigne pecu- 
nlam praebere, PI. Of things: »1 be- 
nigne coma vepres et pruua ferant, 

bSniimltai. itis. /. Cbenlgnus] 
L Of feeling or bchaviuur; goodr 
heartedneu, kindneu, friendllntM, 
courtesy, mildness: eui me attentisal- 
rals animls gumma cnm benlgnitate 
auditls, ac. II. Of action : beneji. 
cence^ liberality, bounty, favour : satis 
Buperqne me benlgnltas tua dit»\it, 
Hor. In plur. : vides. benlgnltates ho- 
mlnum ut perlere, PI. 

b&lignill, a, um. (uh'. 1. Of feel- 
'n(|f or behaviour : kind^earted, kindly, 

zntay, pleating, mild, affable: be- 

nignus et lq>idus et oomls, Ter. Of 
things: oratio benigna, Cic Poets: 
fimstus, propitious, favourable: quas 
benigno nnmine Jupiter defendlt, Hor. 
II, Of action: beneficent, liberal, 
bounteout, etc. (opp. to mallgnns.scofitjf, 
niggardly) : erga te benignus ftii, atque 
opera mea haec tlbl sunt servata, 11. 
Poet, with gen.: vini somnique be- 
nignus. a hard drinker and a lover of 
sloep, Hor. Opp. to fhigi bonae s pro> 
dlgus, prodigal, lavish : PI. 2. Of 
things : abwukmt, fruitful, fertile, 
copious, rich : ager, Ov. : veprea, Hor. : 
egiena beuignae Tantalus semper di^s, 
id. [BEX root of bonus, and orn root 
of gigno: cf. malignus ^nd privignus.] 

DdOi *vi, atum, i. v. a. to make 
happy, to bless, gladden (rare, and 
mostly poet) : hoc me beat Pi- : ^<^nid 
beo te f does that r^ice thee f Ter. 
Hence, beaa or beastl, tJhaJL delights me, 
lamrrioiced at that, PL ||. With 
aec. and oftl. .* to make happy, reward 
with, enrich : coelo Muaa beat Hor. 
[Root BE, wliich i^pears in bene, bo- 

berlMZ. V- vervex. 

b^, besris, m. Qbe-is=sblnae partes 
assb] two-thirds of a wdt (of tne as, 
as a coin, wdght, measure, tic.) : fenus 
ex triente Idib. Quint factum erat bes- 
sibns, i. t. instead of tlie previous 
monthly interest of \ p. cent., | was 
now reckoned ; thus for the year, the 
interest advanced fnmi 4 p. cent. ( 1 2 x ^) 
to8(i2x|),Cic ^^ ""^^ 

bestXai ȣ, f. a beast (an irrational 
creature; o[^. to man: while animal 
indndee man) : quod si hoc ^paret in 
bestils, quanto id magis In homlne, Cic. 
As a term of reproadi : iuala tu es 
bestla, PI. II. Ksp. a wild beast 

destined to fgfU with aladiators and 
criminals in the public spectacles : 
hence, od bestias mittere, id. (Hence 
Fr. bSU.) 

bestlarilll, «, tnn, ai^. [bestla] 
pertaining to beatts : bestlarlns Indus, 
a fight with beasts. Sen. ||. Subst 
bestlarlns, II, m. one irho fought toith 
wild beasts in the publie spectacles: 
praeclara aedllitas ! Unas leo, dooeuti 
bestiarll, Cic. 

bMtidla* w, /. dim. [Id.] a little 
beoit, or animal : dc. 

MtEt •«>/• o vegetable, the beet : Oc 
(Hence Fr. beUe.) 

bdta* **• indecl.ssfi^m, the second 
letter of the Greek alphabet (pure Lat 
be, B) : hoc dificunt omnes ante alp^ 
ot beu puellae, Juv. 

bl-, two, found in oompoeition only 
[like Sans, dim- ; Qr. &-] : the older form 
was dui, as dul-dens for bl-deus. 

bib^Fi for Where, v. blbo. 

bibltnai », nmt I'art. [blbo]. 

biUl5tIl6oa, ae./.=^4^Ato^ln<,a 
library, both a library-room and a 
collection qf 6ooi» : Clc. : (on the Rom. 
libraries, v. Smith's Ant 59.) 

blbo* bibl, |. V. a. to drink: Harius 
in fuga qoum aquam turbldam blblsset, 

n^arit onquam m bibisM iuamdias 
nunquam videlicet sitiens biberat, Qc 
lac, to ntcfc,Ov. ||. Particnlar phrases 
bibere pro sammo, to drain the Uui 
cup, to drvnk very eagerly, Pt. : Oraeoo 
more, i. e. propinando, to drink to one, 
Cic: ant bibat aut abeat let kim 
quaff or quit ! id. : bibere flamen. poA t : 
to dwdl near a river: qui Tbybrtm 
Fabarimque bibunt Vlrg. ||. Traocf. 
to things : to inMbe, db^nk in, absorb ; 
claudite Jam rlvoa, pueri : sat pf»ta 
biberunt id. : amphora f^unum bibere 
instituta, Hor. |||. Fig. : longum 
amorem, Vlrg. : bibere aure or wirlbaa, 
of eager listening, to drink «• : pogtms 
et ezactos tjrrannoa deosmn hOMvia 
bibit aure vulgus, Hor. {bi4» 1b • 
redupL of the root bi or bo: cf. Or. 
vi-vm, vrintfica ; Lat 90 in po4us, 
wxulum.] (Hence ItaL bevere; Fr. 

blbtUvSv Af nm, a4}' [bnw] drinking 

readily, fitely : Ubulua Fateml, Hor. 

II. Iransf to things : that sucks us 

or absorbs: arena, Lucr. : lanae, oteorb- 

ing or taking colour, Ov. 

Uoepit dpltls, a^. [U capntl: 
having two heads, two-headed (rare): 
paella nat* biceps. Clc : Pamasua, 
having two summits, Ov. 

blollnliuilfjii "• « dirUng-eouehfor 
two persons: PI. [fA and root, te 
lean. The root cUn is seen in indtaio, 
clivoa, eto.] 

bI-Odlor« Otis* o/^- two-^Aowred : bl • 
color equos, Vi^. : bacca, green and 
black, Ov. 

blcOrnlgeTt Srl, *». [hi ooralger] te»- 
korned, an epithet of Bacchus : Ov. 

bleomiSf e [bl comu] adj. hco- 
horned: caper, Ov. H. Meton..* 
of a two-pronged Ibrk, "Vii«. Of the 
new moon ; Hor. Of rivers naving two 
mouths: Rhenus,yir|. 

bioorpor. 5rt». ady- IM <»rp«a] hav- 
ing two bodies (rare): manus. poet 

bl-denB* entls, adfj. with tutt teeth, 
two-pronged : tmoora, Bin. ||. Sn b s t. 
m. a pitch-fork, a tuo-pronged fork z 
Vlrg. Hence, poet: aarieuUure: U- 
denti» amans, Juv. 2. /• (old ft^^ 
i>un>EK8), an animal for sacrijlee whoss 
tivo rows of teeth are complete; mactaiit 
lectas de more bidentes leglferae Cereri, 
Vlrg. Meton. : a sAorp: Pbacdr. 

bldentalt ilis, n. a place where any 
one had been struck by lightning, or 
kiUed by lightning and buried. (The 
spot was consecrated by the sacrifice of 
a sheep [bldensl ; whence the name of 
the place, and of the officiating priest : 
v. Smith's Ant. 50) : Hor. 

bidmuilt ii> n* Lbiduas] a period of 
twodayt: eximant unum aliqueni diem 
aut summum biduum ex memae, Cic: 
biduo post Caes. 

bXdilllli •* nro, acU. [bi- and dies] 
continuing two days : Llv. 

biennlnilli ii* "• V* ■nnnsi a pe- 
riod of two years : a publicania «*l)itam 
bieiinU pectmiam exegorat Caes. 




Ufillain. ckIv. [biCuius] (aoc/em. 
m»futmk),tm two parts, in two piaca, 
twix^ etc.: bifkrlun aoatoor peiturba- 
tknn aeqaaliler dtstributae sunt, Cic : 
Tktorift duobos bUJariin proeUis nirta, 
Lhr.:castnibifkrt«mlACU,ld.: biurlam 
lao^liM est. Suet. 

MfixIllS. •« oni, a^'. two'/otd, 
[a aad fA, root of /on, •• to 
cf. ambtfariuti wuUttfariuit 

aUtt, ^^^ emm, ocfy. [bi feru] b^iT' 
iaf/rua twice a pear: bueriqoe rotaria 

UfldvSv •» nm. a4(r'. ru- and riD 
rooi of findol cJ^t or diviaed into two 
vmU : bifldo* relioqcdt rtma pedes, 

UIBrif , «.<xy. CM foris] havinafold. 
tug doors: ywlrae. Or. ||. having 
two opeuiogSf dotMe : tIa (luu-ium), 
Avp. Poet. : ubi Mfoetis biforem dat 
ttbift cuitnm, Virg. 

Mfonn&tllBt At mn, o^. doM&I«- 
formed, tuHhskaped: poet, in Clc. 

Ufbrmisy «• o4/* [^ fomuil doubU 

m twt>-f armed, Uco^hape d : oiformlf 
JmaoM, Or. Fig.: Of a poet (as man 
■kl swan) : vates, Hor. 

bi-froDS* ontis, adj. wUk two fart' 
ksadt at facet : biftona Janus, Virg. 

Uftmnf* *» tun* <*4?- p>i f urea] hav- 
he» prongs, twoforlMl : ramus, Ov. 
_ arum, f'JP^' (*!*> post-Au^ 
b ***V- b|sa« ^3 Kontr. (torn b\)ugae) 
a pair ^^korses (rarely of other am- 
mUX a tioo-Aorftxi cAaru>< .* Hector 
bigia. Vlfg. 

e, odf . \\A Jngum^ yoked two 
equi. Virg. 
a, nm, adS~ [Id.]) yiotol two 
f (pc«t.) : leones, Lucr. : certa- 
bfgamm, the contest with the 
l)lffM.yfag. ||.8abst. byiigi.orum, 
M. piss, sc (equi) two horses yoked 
9bnatt : desllait Tumos b^ugis, from 
his two horsed ehariott id. 
tUXbnu *^/* twopounds: bdibrae 

mflffiff, e, a4if. rbUibral uv^ifi^ 
ttsspotsmds: aOae.PUn. ^.contain- 
ista two pounds : ooma,Hor. 

Idingiiis^ e. a4g. U>1 lingua] ttoo- 
tsmgtted. Me ton. : peaking tico ton- 
Caonainl more biUnguis, Hor. 
B. Fig.: doubU-tTngued, hypo- 
enttiooZ, trtacherous : domum timet am- 
Ufoam Tyriosqae bllingues, Virg. 

UUt, la CaU. biU. PUut.. ac; Uter, 
hOe) /. geUl, biU : ntfa, viridis, nigra, 
(Ma. H* Meton. : teroU,. an^^, 
4ispftatttr< : Mlem id C(MnmoTet, stirs 
At bUe, makes one angry, Cic : bilem 
efimderv, to vent, Juv. 2. Atra (or 
i) Ulis, black biU, for melancholy, 
Cic 8. *t^r«. madness : 

IMirt uxor. &>. Atra Uli per- 
du «*t. PI. rfbe same as fd ; in Or. 
asri SDg. the utdal becomes a galtursl, 
Tl; ▼. 6os.l 

Ids, o^f. VtA and uc. root of 
vOA a double thread, two- 

laQllftriMt ^> <><&'• D^ lnstmm]Iafttn^ 
two (lufro, Le. ten years (very rare): 
tiilustre bellum, Ov. 

UnL&iilt 0, <u(y. [bi mare*) situated 
betvpeen two sms (poet.): bunarisCo- 
ilnthi moenia, Hor. 

Uxn&triBi e, ooK. [bi mater] having 
two mothers (poet) : Ov. 

UnMinlinilt «• o^d' D^ membmm] 
having limbs of two kvM* : bimembris 
puer, Aa{^ man, AoZ/beeuf, Juv. Subst. 
bimembres = Centauri, tMt Centaurs : 
nubigenae, Viiip 

Idmettrift ^ (<>^* bimestri j by 
poet. license, bimestre, Ov.), ai^. [bi 
mensisl of two months' duration (nreY. 
sUpemUum, liv.: porcos, two wumths 
old, Hor. 

UmtUt •» urn, a4j' two yean old, 
lasting tioo years : meruro, Hor. : nix, 
Ov. : bima sententia, the vote concern' 
ing the continuance ^f a gavemnwnt 
far two years, Cic. 

HboL ae, a (in tbe sing. Lucr. Gen. 
plur. freq. I^inuro) QM, with tbe dis- 
tributive term, -nns ; so ter-ui, quater- 
ni] two by two, two a-piece : and some- 
times as a cardinal number two: de- 
scribebat oensores blnoa in singulas 
dvltates, two censors for each state, 
etc. : nam ex his praedlis talenta ar- 
geiiti bina sUttim canlebat, two from 
each farm. Ter. 2. As card, with 
subst. of plur. form but sing, meaning: 
binae (literae), two epistles, Cic. ||. 
Hence of things that match : a pair : 
bovcs bini. o yoke of oxen, PL : oinos 
(scypboe) nabebam, a pair, two of like 
form, Cic III. Abeol. : nee findi in 
bina seomdo. Later. 

blnoottum* U, n. [bi nox] a space of 
two nights (very rare) : ut plus quam 
binoctium abesset, Tac 

bXnSmlBiSf «> o4J' D^I nomenl hav- 
ing two names (poeu^ : binominis As- 
canius (also called Juins). Ov. 

binuii *» um, V. bini. 

bipalmiit ^i <^- C^ palmus] ttro 
spans long or broad (very rare) : spicu- 
lum, Liv. 

bl-partto (in MSS. also bipertio), 
no perf., Itum, 4. v. a. to dinde into 
tun parts, to bisect: genus biportitum, 

M-partlto (Mp^rt.)* od^- i^ two 
parts, in two ways : bipartito classem 
distribuere, Cic : bipartito signa inferre, 
to charge in two directions, Caes. With 
esse or fieri : ibi in proxlmls villis ita 
bipartito fuenmt ut Tiberis inter ^^ ct 
pons interesset, Cic 

U-P&tenti entis, adj. opening in 
two ways, double: portis alii bipaten- 
tibus assunt, Virg. 

bl-pM&lil, e, a^. [bi pes] two 
feet long, brocul, or thick : trabes. Caes. 

blpennlferi Cra, emm, a4j. [bi- 
pennls ferol bearing a two-edged axe : 
Lycnrgus, Ov. 

bipeniliBf « [bi pinna]. |. Adj. : 
havittg two edges, two-edged: ferrum, 
Virg. Far more f^. I|. Subst.: 
bipennis, is, /. (sc secuis) an axe 

with two edges, battle-axe: dnrls at 
ilex tonsa bipennibus, Hor. 

bipertiOi ^m '^> bipartio, etc. 

Dl-ptSi S^ adj- [bl pes] twofooted: 
equi, Virg. 

oiplnna* v. pipinna. 

b&dmi8* «, adj. [bi remua] two- 
oared (rare) : biremes lembi. Liv. || • 
Subst. L biremis, is, /., a smaU 
two-oared boat, Lucan. 2. a golUy 
with two banks of oars (v. Smith's 
Ant. 260): quatuor biremes impulsas 
vectibus transduxit. Caes. 

bifl, adv. num. [for duis, as bellnm 
for duellum] twice, in tu» ways, in a 
twofold manner : lAs periit amator, ab 
re atque animo simul, PI. : in una dvi- 
tate bis improbus (iiisti, Cic. : bis con- 
sul, who has been twice consul (dilf. 
fh>miterum consul, whtae second coit- 
sulship is stm unfinished), Cic WHh 
in, or simple cM. : bis in die, id. : bis 
die, Tib. With numerals and distribu- 
tives : bis qiiinos dies, Virg. With car- 
dlnal numoers (poet.), twice: bis 
quinque virl, Hor. BLt tanto or tan- 
turn, tuHce as great or as mudt: bis 
tanto amid sunt inter se quam prius, 

blraldQingQE) ^* <><&'• [blsuicus 

lingua] urtiA a aoven tongue. Fig.: 
of a hypocrite or deceitful person : PL 

bl-inlcnii K um, ac^.: lit. two- 
furrowed : hence, in gen., divide into 
twoparts,Uoven: bisulcaluigua,/oril»d, 

bitOt i< V. fi. to go: si ilia ad me 
bitet, PL [Boot BIT, " go,* seen also in 
compounds, adbito, perbito, praeterbito, 
etc. : the form b€t-o also occurs : peih. 
the same root as in vOd-o.] 

bItfUn6ll« Inls, n. bitumen^ of which 
there are several Idnds : Tac 

bltflxnlnSuBi &• um, ad^. [bitumen] 
consisting of bitumen, bituminous : 
vires, a poet dicumlocution fw bitu- 
men, Ov. 

blvlum* ti **• [M ^^] o piace witfi 
two ways, or u^tere two ways meet : in 
bivio portae, Virg. Ftp.: Ov. 

blvllUt ** um. adfg. [id.] having 
two %vays or passages (rare) : fauces, 

blaM11l« a, mn, 04^. lisping, speak- 
ing indistinctly: Ov. [Perh. ann to 
blatire, blaterareA 

blandfii adv. JUUteringly, soothingly, 
courteously: blande compellare homi- 
nem, PL : blande rogare, Cic. 

bUuidldlonii a. um, ocf;. [blandas 
dioo] smo(4hspeaking, fairspitfam : PL 

bumdll5qaentla« »<?. /• [Wandiio- 

qucns] coaxing language, softness qf 
expression : old poet in Cic 

majdUdQiientttlni* «. lun. adj- 


m: PL 

dim. [id.2 speaking caressingly, fair- 

blandnSqiinti *• oro, a^. [blan- 
dus loquoin smooth-speaking, smooth- 
tongued, fair-spoken : PL 

blandlmeiltlimf i> *>. [blandior] a 
sowing, softening, blandishment, flat- 
tery (gen in plu.): nee virtutem minis 




«ut blaodimentit corrnptA deseret, Cic. 
In sing. : blandimentmn sublevavit 
metum, Tac l|. anything that pUates 
the $enKt^anaUurement,duurm: malt* 
nobis blandimenUi naturs ipsa genuit, 
Cic : sine apparatu, sine blandimentis, 
expellnnt famem, without taucet, om- 
diment*^ Tac. 

blandtoTf l^a, 4. v. dep. [blandusl 
to fiatter, goothe, earrsi, coax: wito 
d<U.: dnrae sopplex blandire pnellae, 
Ov. With prtm, reflect. : to llatttr 
onetelf : cur ego non votis bUndiar 
Ipsemeis? Ov. |l. M e ton. of things : 
lopUoMtt be agrtetutU or/avowrdUe to; 
to allure, entice : video, quam soaviter 
Toluptas senaibus nostns blandiatur, 

blandlter* odv, soothingly, flatter' 
inaly, oourteouily : PL 

'ffWTlflTtTfti ««t /• [blandas] a ea- 
resting, JUUtering. In sing.: nullam 
in amidtils pestem esse majorem qnam 
itdalationem,blanditlain, assentatkniem, 
Cic. \xiplur.:fl4Uteries,llcmdishmtHt*t 
alluretnents = blandimenta : heredi- 
Utes maliUosis blanditiis qoaesitae. id. 
II. Melon, of tilings: pUnsure, 
charm, aUurement : blandiUis praesen- 
tium voluptatum deliniU atque cor- 
nipti, id. 

Dlandltilll* oclv. [blanditos^ in a 
flattering, caressing manner : Locr. 

blanduit >^ um, acfi. smooth, smooth- 
tongued, flattering, caressing: unum 
t« puto minus blandiun esse quam me, 
Cic Poet.: with in/.: blaadnm et 
aoritas fldibus canoris ducere quercus, 
Hor. II. I n g e n. (mostly of things) : 
pleasant, affreeatite, enticing, aUunng, 
charming: illecebris blamue volupta- 
tls, Cic. 

bl&tdrOf A^it atmn, 1. v.a. to talk 
idljf or foolishly, to babble, prate : cam 
miigno blateraa clamore, fiuisque, Hor. 

ol&titOf 4* v> a. [akin to blatero, 
balbus, balbntio. eU.Tio talk foolishly, 
prate: nngas blatis, PI. 

l)latta« ae, /. an insect ; the cock- 
roach, chafer, moth. In Pllnj probably 
a beetle. In Virgil it U doubtful 
whether a beetle or cock-chafer is 
meant : ludftiga, Virg. : vesUs blatta- 
rum et tinearmn epulae, Hor. 

bleimnti i* m.^fihgw^, a block- 
head, dolt : PL 

bUtdni t a* oni, o^f. [blitnm3 taste- 
less, insipid, silly, useless : PL 

Ultunit it n.=/IAtTov, a pot herb, 
a kind of orache : PI. 

b5&nill, a» urn, ad^. [bos] relating 
to neat cattle : forum Doorium, tiu 
cattle market at Rome : area quae po> 
sito de bove nomen habet, Ov. 

booohntt i. m. a plant named after 
the king of Mauretania: Virg. 

b&JaOt anmi, /. plu, a collar : pedi- 
cae bq}ae, PI. 

bSletnii L m.=p^CTris, themu^ 
room : boletum condire, Juv. 

bdlui. i, w. = /WAxK, a throw or 

'"^*^' I. of dice in gaming (ante- 

^4t-clas8. for Jactus) : PL ||. a 

east qf a Jish-net; and me ton. the 
draught of flshes : bolnm emere, Suet 
III. Fig. : a bait, an allurement : 
is primus bolu'st, PI. 2. ^**>< profit 
(vemac. a haul): crudor, bolum tan- 
tum mihi ereptum tam soblto a food- 
bus, Ter. 

bombax* interj.^ fioiifii(, an ex- 
clamation of surprige : strange ! indeed ! 

bombuf* U M> ^<{fA^ov [onomaiop.3 

a hollow, deep sound, a humming, biu- 
sing: tuba reheat raocum bombum, 
Loor. (Hence Fr. bombe.) 

bombf dnai, a. nm, o^f. [bombyx] 
if silk, silken : panniculua, Juv. 

bomOTZ. ycis, m.^p6nfiv(,thestlh' 
worm : Plin. It would seem firom Plin. 
that silk was obtained f^om some other 
caterpillars bi the island of Cos before 
the introduction of the true silkworm 
into Ehirope. ||, Me ton.: a silken 
garment, sUk : Aiisbius, Arabian, Prop. 

bSnItaii fttls, f. [bonus] goodness, 
boUi material and moraL Of things : 
bonitaa praediorum, Cic H. Of moral 
objects : ingenii, id. 2. Of character : 
goodness, tntegrity, kindness, benevo- 
lence, etc : homo liberalis et dissolutus 
et Ixmitate aflBuens, id. (Hence Ital. 
bonth; Fr.bontd.) 

bSxraillt U *)• a good, whether ma- 
teria or moral. In the first signif. 
gen. plur. : gifts of fortune, u^ealth, 
riches, property, goods: bona multa 
bene part*. PI. : ad Incertum revocari 
b(»ia, fortunas, possessiones omnium, 
Cic: (iacere sibi bona multa, to enjoy 
oneself, PL ||. a ^moral) good or 
blessing, prosperity, happiness, etc : 
tria genera bononmi, maxima anlmi, 
secunda corporis, externa tertia, Cic. 
III. = commodnro, utility, profit, 
good : bonum publioim, the public 
weal. Sail. So bono esse allcui : to be 
of service to one, to profit him : bono 
niisse Romania adventum eorum con- 
stabat, Liv. Uenco: cui bono fuerit, 

{or whose advantage, an expression of 
,. Cassius Pedianus, Cic 
bdnillt a, um, adj. (old form duonns, 
like duellum, Dueilona, duls = helium, 
Bellona, bis : cf. the letter B. Comp, 
melior. Sup. optlmus), good, beau- 
tiful, pleasant, Jit, suitable, right, etc. 

I. Material : bona aedes. PL • bona 
aetas, 1. e. youth, Cic : forma, bea^iful, 
Ter. 2. '^•'V*! considerable, bona 
pars sermoni^ Cic 3. uralthy, 
rich: est miserorum, ut nudevolentes 
sint atque invideant bonis, the rich, 
PI. Hence : 4. Re» bonae, pros- 
perous circumstances, good fortune : 
quod me in forum vocas, eo vocas, unde 
etiam bonis meis rebus ftigiebam, Cic. 

II. Mental and moral : ^oocf, ft, 
able, excellent, skilful, noble, virtuous, 
upright, etc. : auctor, id. : animus, calm, 
clmr, PI. : bono animo es, ne formida, 
br of good couroge, id.: dicta =facete 
dicta, witticisms, bans mots, Cic. Bonus 
vir, correnponding to the Or. koA&c 
tcaycJik : quid dicam boaos, peispicuum 

est : omnibus enim virtutibos instmctas 
et omaUM tum sapientea. torn vims 
bonos dicimus, id. Also absoL: boni, 
the good, the virtitous, etc : ut bonoa 
boni diligant ascbcauttjue sibi, id. So, 
bona mulier, modest, wrtuous, PI. 8, 
Opp. to ignavus, brave, gaUant, active: 
boni atque ignavl, Sail. 8. <!f ^^HP^ 
rank, honourable birth: bono genera 
nata, PI. Henoe <^timi aometimea 3 
optimates : mihi nihil nnquam popolara 
piacult, eamque optimam rvmpubUoua 
esse duoo quae sit in potestate o^rti- 
morum« Cic 4. Bona venia or com 
bona TUiia, a form of speedisspace toa, 
vestra, with your good leave or per- 
mission : abs te boo bona venla expeto, 
Ter. : cum bona venia andiatJs Id quod 
invitus dicam. Liv. 5. Of behaviour 
towards others: booos alicuL in ali- 
quem or AbsoL : favourable, pro- 
pitious, kind : eo velim uti possem tam 
bono in me, quam Curione, Cic : non- 
dum bono animo in populom R. vide- 
rentur, Caes. So, bona verba, words qf 
good omen : dlcamus bona verba, Tib. 
And transf. to common life : bona verba 
quaeso, Ter. Hence, an appellation ef 
Jupiter: Juppiter c^timus maxtmns; 
and the oommon formula : quod bonum 
faustum felix fortunatumqoe ait; for 
which also: quod bonum atque fortu- 
natum sit, PL 6. Bonus ad aliquld 
or alicul, good for something, I. e. ft, 
proper, sertieeabte: camn^ militi Ro- 
mano ad proelium boni. Tac : (mous) 
peoori bonus alendo, Liv. 7. Booe, 
in addresses: in a friendly manner: dux 
bone, Hor.: bone, my goodfeilom, 

b50t I* V' **• [onomatop.3 to cry 
aloud, roar: bcMtt coelum fremitu, PL: 

b5rSas. ae. m. rSopias or Bopp«] 
the north wind: (pure Lat aquilo): 
Virg. jioc. Borean. Ov. ||. Meton.: 
north : Boreae flnltimum latns, Hor. 

b5llnt (bdrtus) or bSrSmt CbdrCus) 
s=ip6ptuK, pert<iining to the north wind, 
northern : sub axe boreo, Ov. 

b5t» bOvis (gen. plur. b0v€ram : 
Cato : regiiL gen. boum : dot. plwr. 
contr. bObus, Hor. : more fnq. b&bus) : 
comm., an ox, a buU, a cow: actae 
boves, Liv. Prov. : bovi clitellas tm» 
ponere, to pvU a pack-saddle upon an 
osB, L e. to impose upon a person a duty 
for u:!hieh he is not qualifled, old poet. 
in Cic: optat ephippia bos, like our 
" a saddle to a cow," Hor. Me ton. : 
a whip cut from neafs leather .- PL 
[Root Bov; <^. Or. fiof in /fevt.j 
(Hence ItaL bove; Fr. 6oei/.) 

bovilei v* bubile. 

bSvilllSt a, um, adjj. old form fbr 
bubulus [bos] periaintng to oxen or 
kine: bovllla grex, in an old religious 
formula, Liv. 

boyif » ^* ^"f^ 

br&oae (braocae), amm,/.pi^ (ooce 
in sing. braOfti ae, Ov.), ttou-»erf, 
breeches, oiig. worn only by non-Roman 
and non-Oredaa oationa: veraicolara 




ngiUo, bTKU teionen barbttrom in< 
dUQi, tosatot wUoqaebotnr, Tsc. (v. 
tehht AnL 61). 

tridUof (bncc.), a.iiin, <u{f- Cbraca3 
wmhmg tn w$en or breech, breeched : 
knee, /ore^i^ borbarum, effeminaU : 
ric rritthnafte eos hie santo* braok 
tosqnc Tenari. Ck. If* Heton. for 
taaft-alplnaa, in (^>p. to togatus (q. ▼.) : 
GatUa Bracata, afterwards called Uallia 
9ut0Qen>is. Plin. Hence aarcaati- 
0UI7 : Yiracatae cognationis dedecus 
(of PiBo. kindred with the people of 
Gallia Bracata, throng bis maternal 
gmd&lher, Calventins). Ctc. 

teidilllis, c, o4J' D>««^hiam1 of 
m hdomamg to the arm: ncrvua ora- 

JgirfiTimi. li, «i.=s& /l^yiMr, (he 
arm; particularly the fore-arm, from 
the hamd to Ike eibow (while laoertna 
b the tipper arm, ftom the elbow to 
tte ifaoQlder) : brachia et lacerti. Or. 
B. In 0en. : the vrhoU arm, from 
fk SCoutder to the lingers: diu Jactato 
bnddo, Oea. : colio dare brachia dr- 
coBi, to throw the arm* around the 
aaefc, Virg. : brachii projectione in oon- 
mtkolboa, oontractione in remiwis (of 
the morement of the arm* in speaking), 
Oc : brachia in numcrtim Jactare. ac- 
tordtmj/ to the time of the mime, Locr. 
Prov.: leri or molU brachio agere, 
te act without energy, Cic : praebore 
bndda aoelerl. to lend aid, Ov. |||. 
Melon. : the liwibt of animaU, ana- 
kaom to the arm* of mien. Of the 
daK* of craio-fiA, etc., id. : benoe 
alao of the tign Canoer, kL : and of 

/tapptfo, Virg. IV. Fig- : o'ir*^ »*• 
temiUmg arms: the brancha of trees : 
(aeaciihis) tarn fortes late ramoa ct 
rncbia teodena, Virg. : an arm of tke 
sea: nee bnchia k«go roargine terra- 
ran porrexerat Ampbitrite, Ov. : tke 
csBoirral ridga of a mountain : Tan- 
nis obC brachia emitUt, Plin. Of sbipa 
saateona, the sail-yards: }abet in- 
tcMlibnchia Telia. Virg. InmUitlang. 
a (aafvroX or arti^eial) out-work (more 
m. cmUed lingua, q. v.) : alia parte 
oonnl moro Ardeae bracbiom ii^Juox- 
cfat« ttr. So of the side -works, 
motes, in the fortifixation of a har- 

9md4oftf: Ic&i crepitabat bractea vento. 

bnctOU, •*, /• dim, [bractea] a 
Ihinlee/ofgotd: Jnr. 

Wnim ffl i ae. /. a edbbagt: Cato. 

Ci*w Wf4t»tw . il, n. a summary, 
sbnigment, abstract : rationum. Suet. : 
iuperil, stati^ical view, id. : ofHd- 
onoD omnium breriaria, official re- 

MfleftlllS* *• ^SD** ^- ^'^' [^f** 
▼it] mt rn v ihat sho^t or rmall (rare) : 

knov PI. 

lr|fn$qil0llf, entls, och*. rbrevis 
kwoorj^iK wAo speaks briefly: Clc. 

hrml5qTi0iiaa« «. / £breyiio- 

^(Bou] breiUy cf speech: Clc 

Inriris* «• o4J- thort, UttU, small, of 
linear space and of time ; (opp. to km- 
gus, UUus, and prtfundv* or cUtus). 
I. Of length and breadth: short, 
narrow : cursus brevissimus, VIrg. : in 
Euboico ■copulua brevls emicat alte 
gurgite, a narrow rock. Or. Of height : 
short, low: ut pleraque Alpium ab Italia 
slcut brevlora, ita arrectiora sunt, 
loioer. Liv. Of depth : shallow : vada, 
Vlrg. Hence, aubst brevia, ium, 
n. plu.; shallow plaees, shoals: trcs 
Euros ab alto in brevia et syrtes urget, 
id. II. little, small (=s parvus, exi- 
guus) : breve pondus, short weight, Hor. : 
mua. Ov. III. Of time : short, briff, 
little : brevior dies, PI. : brevls bora, 
Locr. : flores rosae, soon fading, Hor. 
2. Adv. expresdons: inbrevispatio, 
brevi spatio, in brevi tempore, brevi 
tempore, and abaoL brevi or in brevi, 
in a short time, shortly, soon: brevi 
tempore, soon, Caes. : in declivi ac 
praedpiti loco indtatos equos sustinere 
et brevi moderari ac flectere, in a sluyrt 
time, i. e. with great rapidity, \d. 
Ad breve and brevi. dttring a short 
time: cunctatusque brevi, oontortam 
viribus bastam in Persea misit, Ov. 
IV. Transf. to other things, esp. 
discourse: brief, short, concise: brevia 
narratlo, Cic. Me ton. of the speaker 
himself : brevior in scribendo, id. : 
brevis esse laboro. obscurus flo, Hor. 
Hence brevi, adv. : brit^y, in few 
words : id percurram brevi, Cic. Breve 
faoere or dicere, to be short or britf: 
quid scribam? breve fadam, id. In 
breve cogere, to comprise in few word* : 
in breve coactae causae, Liv. 2. In 
gramm. : of the quantity of syllables : 
syllaba longa brevi su^iJecta vocatur 
iambus, Hor. 

brivItMi i^ /• [brevls] shortneu. 
Of space (rare) : orevitas angusti 
f^ti, the narrowness of the strait, 
Qell. : hominibos GaUls, prae mag- 
nltudine corporum suorum, brevitas 
nostra contemptui est, smitUne** ttf 
stature, Caea. ||. = exiguttas, par- 
vitas, littleness, smallneu : coiporls, 
Lucr. III. CM' time: shortness, bre- 
vity: ita diei InvvitAS oonvivils. longi- 
tndo noctis stupris conterebatur. Cic. 
IV. Of discourse: brevity, con- 
ciseness : est brevitate opus, ut currat 
sententia, Hor. V. "^ gramm.: of 
the quantity of syllables : fluit nume- 
rus tum indtatius brevitate pedum, 
turn prooeritate tardius, Cic. 

brevlter* adv. shortly, briefly, con- 
cisely. W space (extremely rare) ; scu 
libeat curvo brevius compellere gyro, 
shorter, i. e. in a smcUler circle, Tib. 
II Of discourse : briefly, in brief, 
concisely, summarily: multa breviter 
et commode dicta, memoriae roanda- 
bam. Ctc 2. Of syllables: quibus in 
verbis produote didcnr, in ceteris om- 
nibus breviter, id. 

brftnuu •«. /• [oontr. tnm In^vlma, 
brevissimal: M« shortest day in the 
year, the winter solstice : solia acceasua 

disoeflfusqoe solstitiis bmmisque cog- 
nosd, Cic : dies continuos triginta sub 
bnmia ease nocton, Caes. ||. the 
winter time, winter: mox bruma re- 
currit iners. Hor. 

brflmUlSi e> adj. [bruma] pertain- 
ing to the winter solstice or shortest 
day: dies, Ck^ : signum, Capricorn, id. : 
flexus. the tropic qf Capricorn, Lucr. 
||. wintery, of %nnter: tempus, 
Ck. : horae, the short winter hours, Ov. 

brfttnit •• nm. <^- [Or. fiapvt, 
^pitfv«] heavy, unwieldy, immovable 
(rare): brutum pondus. Lucr.: bruta 
tellus. Hor. l|. Fig. : dull, stupid, 
insentiUe, irratumai : T. Manllus rele- 
gatus a patre ob adolescenliam bmtam 
atque hebetem. Sen. 

DllMle (ftl«o bovile), is, n. [bos] a 
stall for oxen : Cato. Plautus uses the 
masc form bubilis : ut possim rejiccre 
in bubilem, ne vagentur. PI. 

btfto, tois. m. (J. Virg.) [/Wof. 
^v^a] on owl, the long-hurnea owl : 
ignavus bubo, Ov. : Virg. 

bftbuloiUt i« m. [bubulns, with tenn. 
•cusj one who ploughs with oxen, a 
ploughman ssSLTAtoT: Cic 

bflblUntt *. ran. «*(;. [bos] of oxen. • 
corl, thonqs, straps <^ ox-kidt, PI. 

bfteaadEi m, m. [bos caedo] one 
v4o i* whipped with thongs of ox-hide : 

bD0Oa« 016, f. the cheek (puffed out 
in speaking, eating, etc., diff. ftom 
i^nae) : suffliare buccas, PI. : quin iUis 
Juppiter ambas iratus buccas inflet, 
Hor. : pictus Oallus distortus. electa 
lingua, boods floentibus. Cic. : dicere 
(scribere) quod or quidquid in boccam 
venerit, (a colloquial phrase), to speak 
(write') whcUever come* uppermost, Cic. 
Also elllpt. : garrimus quklquld in bnc 
cam. M. (I. Melon.: adeclaimer, 
bcuder: Juv. [Connected with Germ. 
backe.] (Henoe Ital. bocea, bocoone; 
Fr. bowhe, bouch^e.) 

buedna (^Iw bndna), ae, /. a 
crooked horn or trumpet (while tuba b 
usually the straight trumpet). |. a 
war-trumpet: hello dat signum ranca 
cruentum buodna, Virg. : used to pro- 
claim the watches of the day and night 
(v. Smith's Ant. 62) : te gallorum, 
ilium buccinarum cantus exsusdtat, 
Clc. Hence, melon, for vigilia: ut 
ad tertiam bucdnam praesto essent, at 
the third watch, Liv. 2. Poet: 
Triton's shell, used for blowing : Ov. 
[Perh. trom bueca.] 

bucfdn&tor (buc), oris, m. [bucdno] 

one who blew the bucdna, a trumpeter: 

Caes. 11. Fig.: one who trumpet* 

forth, publishes: bnodnator exislima- 

tiunis meae, Cic 

buooOi Onia, m. [bocca] lit: one 
who has disttitded cheek*: henoe, a 
babbler, bloekhead (very rare): stoltl, 
stolidi, fatui, fitngi, bardi. blcnni. boo 
cones, PI. 

buedila* *e, /. dim. [id.] a cheek, 
a mouth: Suet |l. the beaver, that 
part of a htimet whii^ covers thf mouth 





cmd cheeks : boocnlM tergere, Liv. 
H«Qoe It. boeeketta.] 

bnooUeiltlll. ^nm^a^f- [hoccQlA] 
having fuU eheekt or a larffe mouth : 

l>110Arilll» ft. im. ▼• tbc A>Ug. 

l^O^OS (bOcSrlns, Locr.). a. nm, 
o^ having the homi of a 
bvAlock^ o»-homed: bacera aeclA, the 
race of homed eaUle^ Lucr. : bucera 
armenUL Ov. 

MU)iu011It •* inn, a4f.^/3ov«oAuc^, 
pertaining to shepherds, pastoral, bu- 
colic: bucoUoon poema, VirgQ^s pas^ 
Ufral poems, BueMcs, Col.: aodStiDst. 
Bucolica, onim, n. plu. a rd BovicoXuca, 
Bueolics: Ov. 

MLotUa* M> /• <!*"». [boa] a J^ar : 
Vlrg. : ac, 

btLfo* ^nis. m. a toad : Vlrg. 

bUeutfinnm (-on), u. «. = ^ov- 

AcvTiffMoi', tA« j)(ac« «M«r0 (JU Greek 
senate assembled, the seneUe-ho%ue : in 
cniia Syracnais, qoem locum illl bulea- 
terium Tocant, Cic. 

Imlla} ae, /. a UMle: perlncida. 
Ov. 11. a Iwtf, knob, stud (npon a 
door, girdle, etc.): bnllaa aoreas ex 
▼alvla anferre, Cic. |||. the bulla or 
boss worn upon the neck (mostly of 
gold) : bulla omomentmn pueritiae, 
IndiciQin atque insigne fortnnae, Ck. 
(v. Smith's Ant. 62). Hence the phrase, 
bulla dignuB, childish, Juv. It was 
alio hung upon the forehead of fkvourite 
animals: Ov. 

bttria, is. M. ifoc to Serv., oontr. 
from fiw^ ovpo, ox*tail] the crooked 
hinder part qf the plough, the plough 
taU: vlrg. 

bmtlr&pilft if «^ [bostmn rapto^ a 
roUier of tombs : PL 

Imfta&rllUt a, nm, at^j. [bustnm]] 
pertaining to a place u^ere dead bodies 
were burned : bustnariui gladiator, that 
fought at a funeral pile in honowr qf 
the dead, Cic. 

biutlim. K **• [BiTKOssmt), ▼. am- 
buroj a place where dead bodies were 
burned and buried: Lucr. ||. In 
gen. : a tomb, sepulchral mowtd or 
monument : Sardanapalus incidl Jnssit 
in bu«to : * haec habeo,' ete^ Cic Fig.: 
Of the maw of an animal: viva vi- 
dens vivo sepeliri viscera busto, Lucr. : 
bustum legum omnium ac religiouum, 
the tomb or destroyer, Cic 

bnxnuif U v. imxtu. 

DnxaS. K / (buxum, I, «., Virg.) 
^irv^os, the pale, e v ergre e n box-trte: 
bnxns densa foliis. Ov. : perpetuo 
vireni. Id. ||, Meton. box-wood: 
tomo rasile buxum, Virg. Hence for 
things made of box-wood: a pipe or 
Jlute: tj'TOpana vos bnxusaue vocant 
Berecyntia, id. : a top : volubile buxum. 
Id. : a comb : crinea depectcre boxo, Ov. 


Ce, the third Utter of the Latin ol- 
I phabet, corresponded originalljf 
in sound to the Greek T. The Duilian 
inscription gives leciokxs for legiones; 
and even to the latest times C. and Cn. 
stood for Gaius and Gnaeus. But (Vom 
an early period there was a tendency 
to give to C the sound of K: in in- 
scriptions Consul is represented by the 
abbreviation Cos. not Kos: and A* was 
retained as a written symbol only before 
a, as in KAL for Calendae and Calum- 
nia. However, It seems undoubted 
that as long aa Latin remained uncor- 
mpted, C retained the hard sound of K, 
even before the vowels t and «. ||. 
Interchanges of C with other letters: 
C and O : mcesimus, tricesimus, etc. rest 
on better authority than vigesimus, tri- 
gesimus, etc. : in It and Sp. such words 
as amicus, secundus, are amigo, se- 
gundo. With s both C and Q form x ; 
dieo, dixi; rego, rexi. 2. c and R : h 
becomes c in traho, tractus; veho, vectus : 
and hs like cs form x ; traho, traxi; teho, 
text. 8. C and t : we find Basculi 
and Bastuli, VecUmes and Vettones: 
cf. nux (root, nuc) and* Eng. nut. 
4. and r : whmt, coquo : Aciirw, 
linquo: and vice versa, Avicoc, lupus: 
no columba and palumba. 5. in- 
terchanged with other labials : with b, 
see letter B; with t» or w: focus, fovea: 
nix, nivis : conniveo, connixi : vivo, 
vixi: Dacus, Davus. |||. Changes 
of C in the Romance Languages: L Of 
into ch : cf. Lat. caBallus, caiidus, 
camera, canis : with Fr. cheral, dkaud, 
ehambre, chien, etc. 2. Of into s : 
cf. Lat. facimus, licere^ pUxcere, etc. : 
with Fr. faisons, loistr, plaisur, etc 
8. Of into o : cf. Lat. aeer, 
maeer, etc. : with Fr. aigre, maigre. 
4. Omission of c : ( 1 ) between 
two vowels : cf. Lat focus, locus, no- 
cere, etc. : with Fr. feu, lieu, nuire. 


(11) foUowed by ( : cf. Lat dictus: 
Fr. dU; pectus: Fr, poitHne. (ill) 
followed by r ; cf. Lat tocrtwo, with 
Fr. larme. |V, As an abbrev. c 
stands for Gcdus or Caius, and reversed, 
n, for Gaia, Caia. Upon voting tablets 
it meant condemno. As a ntmieral it 
denotes cm turn. 

O&ballnft 1* m.= (KofiaXXrtK, Pint) 
an inferior riding or pack-horse, a nag, 
pony : media de nocte caballum arriplt, 
his lean nag, Hor. Pro v. ; optat arare 
caballus, id. (Hence It caoallo; Fr. 

O&ohinn&titOi 'nls, /. [cachinno^ a 
violent laughing, immoderate laughter : 


e&ehiimO} »^ atum. i. v. n. to 
laugh aloud, laugh immoderately (rwre): 
famulae ftirtim cachinnant, Lucr. : ri- 
d<>re convlvae; cachinnare Ipse Apro- 
iiius, Cic 

0&<dlillllllli U "*. fcachinno^ a loud 
laugh, immoderate laughter, jeering: 
in quo Alcibiades cachinnum didtor 
sustulisse, is said to have set*ma loud 

avl, atum, x. v. n. ss matcim 
Aod )r^, logo to liool : H<M'. 

ithett Is* n,=a KOM^rfBti (a bad 
an obstinate, malignant disease: 
Cels. II. an itch for doing anjf 

thing: Insanabile scribendi caooiUm, 
an tneurabU passion for acribblistg, 

Oio5lSlllS. a, um, o^f. b muc^iiAac. 
a bad imitator: Suet 

0&C(Ufti ae, m., a serrcmt, eq». the 
servant or slaw of a soldier : PI. 

^ftoftxnen* Idu, n., the tip, end, or 
point qf a thing; the po%k, summit : nt 
altls aiboribus vidna cacumbia aamma 
terantur inter se, the extreme top, Imct. : 

Sulsabantque novi montaua r*f»mitr»a 
uctus, Ov. II. Meton. : the end, 
limit: donee alescundi summnm teti- 
gere cacumen, until they have cUtained 
the utmost limit of their growth, Lucr. 
[Cac-umen from root cac, pertu tlM 
same as ac, v. acles.] 

CJWfl"lTnOi avi, atunt, i. v. a. [cacn- 
menj to point, make pointed : summaa 
cacuminat aurea. Or. 

O&d&ver, Crla. n^ a dead body, a 
corpse, carcau : coacervatls cadaveribua. 
Ca^.: informe, Virg. As a term of 
reproach of a worthless person . ab hoc 
(^to cadavere quldquam mihi ant opis 
aut omamenti oxpetebam? dc tlite 
usual deriv. from cado is supported by 
Or. writfia, a corpse.] 

O&d&virOlQfl, SL. um, ac(f . rcadaver^ 
like a corpse, ghastly, caiaaoerous: 

e&dOi cMfdl, c&mun. j. v. *i. to fall, 
fall down from a hei^, sink, etc: 
(aves) praecipites cadunt in tertam ant 
in aquara,/ai/ headUmgto the eardk or 
into the uxUer, Lucr. The place from 
which is designated by the abt. with 
ab, ex, de: a summo cadere, PI.: ex 
equo, Cic. : cadere de equo, PI. Ahsel. : 
cadere imbres, Lncr. 2. Of the hea- 
venly bodies : to set: ooeani flnem Juxta 
Bolemque cadentem, Vlrg. 8. to fall 
away from, drop off: lanigerU gregi* 
bus sponte sua lanae cadunt, Ov. 4. 
Of streams: to fall into, empty tts«{/: 
amnis Aretho cadit in simmx maris, liv. 
5. to faU (dead), to die, to be 
slain: pand de noetris cadun^ Caea. 
With ao : torqueor, infesto oe rir ab 
hoste cadat, should be slain by, Ov. 
With Abl. : mnlU tiM ante araa nostra 
cadet hostia dextra, shall be sacrikced, 
Vlrg. II. Fig.: to fall under, be- 
come sutjject to: with sub or in and 
ace., sometimes with ad and ace. : 
sub eensus cadere nostroa, to fall under 
the senses, i.e. to be perceived^ Iaki. : 
in cr>n8pectum. to become visilie, Cic : 
ad servltia, Liv. 2. With in or sub 
with occ. ; to fall in with, be suitable 
to, agree with, suit : non oadlt in hone 
homlnem ista suspido, Cic : In lis rd>ns» 




•ab flotdMii rmtfanem cadant, kL 
Sw t9 faU ttpoM a d^nite timte 
(an): cooMertL, oe in aUeniMlnram 
tcouMM cadat advcDtos tuna, kt UcDce, 
f/aU d—: lu con diem cadtwe nu- 
Boa, qui a QnUito debentar, id. 4. 
With dot : to fall to wu, to kapptfi, 
•aem (cap. in an unexpected manner) : 
and oft**!.; to faU <mU, Iwm mU : nihil 
i|Hii Jnre tnoummodi cadere poaait, id. 
verd»r qooreum id caannun 
U womU Uim out, id. : voU 
cadaat, ore /ulJiUeii, rtdUMed, Hb. So 
of dice : to be out, trnn «p: iUud qnod 
oacidU forte. Ter. Hence, cadera in 
rad> Ifiinnn or caaanm, to 6eyrta<ratoci, 
/a»2: omnia In canum caduut, PL. : ad 
inicaB csMteaa ape^ lAt. 5. to/on 
(la aticnctli, power, worth, eto.), to de- 
freaar, aiiiwt'i*, oteto, deeajr, etc: 
odanc Tirea, Locr.: cadit Enraa. Ov.: 
pelagi oeddit ftragor, Virg. : 
debemna ita cadere animia, to lote 
bt diskearlenod, Cie.: cedent 

none aunt in lionore Tocabula, 
faU tato duaae, Hor.: with oM. of 

or formnla, to Ume on^i coaoe or 

eaoM cadere, Qc: also <^t9ol^ 
Tac : with oM. of crimen : to 
/an bff aw oceuMttoa, to 6e oofutonMied: 
crimii^bQS repetnndanun, id. Of thea- 
trfcai rnneaentationa : to/oiZ tkrouffh, 
t9 fmd (opix to ttoTt): aecuma cadat 
an nxto atet fabola talo^ Hor. 6. 
Kket (. t, of words and perioda: to 
k terminated, end, cUttt : verba meliua 
la irUahaa loof^orea oadont, ac. 
(Hence Fr. ckeoir, dUbnoe; Eng. 

llMtlcWtor Oria, m, [cadnoemnl 
a krraid, am officer tent with a Jlag qf 
tmet: Uv. 

tirtflflfllllH I ft. (ac aoeptmm or ba- 
c^dam), or eaaaoeilf* U m. (ac. sclpio) 
{n^tnew, r duu^ed tod,aaad^arJ 
Ike hanl^i ttaf: cadnceo omatua. CIc 
f. tiu tfload <^ Mercurift aa nie»> 
scaler ot tlw goda: Soet. (v. Smith's 


eUtdfiTt Cn* Snmi, a4f. roadocena 
hnjUotimff a kerald^s doff, an epi- 
tbet of Mercury: Ov. 

to foil, tojrilf faUimg (rare): vllis. 
qaw natara oamica eat et, nlal fulta 
■it, ad teriam fertiu'. dc l|. thai 
ftik orhao/alUn, aboul to fail (moetly 
peec): fh»dee, Virg.: cadoci hello, 
•loM M war.- bello cadnd Uardanidae. 
U. In feiL, devoted to death: Jnvenis, 
W- il Fig.: fraa.^^eeting, perish' 
a6<e. eata : in eo, qui ex animo oomitet 
ct oorpore cadnoo et inflrmo, Cic. : feuna, 
Ov.: apes, min,/mtite, UL |V. In 
laar.cadooa bona were poueniona which 
Irft wtder comditiont to a 
who negkded to fulfil tho$e 
f; they them fell to other heirs, 
«r, ^ there tea$ no elaimtuit, totheex- 
dkimftr: eocofU, hammg mo heir (v. 
atthh'a Ant. 6o): bereditatea. CIc. 
Hoice. Fig. : nostra cat omnis lau pm- 
dntiae doctrinaeqna pooaeaalo, in quam 

hominea, qnaai oadiicam atqoe vacuam. 
abundantea olio, noblaoocupatia, invola- 
verant. Id. 

oiduronxilt i» "• [Cadurd. a gallic 
triSaJ a Cadmrcian coverUly a coverlet 
of Cadurciam Unen: Jov.: and me« 
ton., a bed omatnented with a Cadwr- 
dan coverlet, <tmarriage bed : id. 

Oiduff i> m,saKoiof, a large veesel 
Tmoatly ik earthenware)/or containing 
liquide, cap. wine ; a jar, jug : vina 
bonus qnae delude oadia oneramt Acea- 
tes, Virg. Me ton. wine: nee parce 
cadia tlbi deetinatia, Hor.: alaoxsnnia, 
a funeral uam : aSnns, Virg. 

Mtedginilli a^ mn, a<^. [caeoo gig- 
no j, 6am 6ImmI ; Lacr. 

Cftaoltat* iti*f/> [caecoa^ bUmdnese 
(rare): bonnm Inooramia ades, miae- 
rum caedtaa. Cic Fig.: in i^uwe 
anlmi et caedtate, id. 

OfttOO, avi, atum, i. v. a. [Id.^ to 
make blind, to Uind : sol caecat, Lucr. 
II. Fig. : qid largitione caecamnt 
mentea Imperliomm, Cic |||. Me- 
ton. : to mate ctorA;, to otecure. Fig. : 
of diaconrse : oeleriute caecau oratio, 

Ote^lran .«.»•(». vinnmX Oaeca- 
bonwtne: Hor. 

eaeontt *« tun, a4f,, blind: catuli, 
qni jam deapecturi aunt, caed aeque et 
hi qui modo natl, Cfe. : corpus, the back. 
Sail. Proverb.: nt ai oaecua iter 
monstrare velit, Ae blind leading the 
blind, Hor. : apparet id qnidem etiam 
caeco, that may be $eem without eye*, 
Liv. 2. Fig.: menlaUy or morally 
blind: caecua atqne amens trlbunus, 
Cic With odr caecus ad haa belli 
artes, Liv. Meton. of the fiaasiona 
themselvea : caeca hooorum cupido, 
Locr. : pavor, Tac : fUror, Hor. |l. 
Meton.: thai cannot be seen, mm- 
eible, hidden, eeeret: vallum caecum, 
on mviti6<«/ence,Caea. : foree, private, 
Virg. : vulnua, a secrd %oound, Liicr. : 
also, a wound upon the back, Virg. 
Meton.: caecum murmur, id. 8. 
Fig.: of mental ol^ta: caecas ex- 
ponere causes, Lurr. I||. Also Me- 
ton.: dark, gloomy, obtcure : nox, 
Lucr.: dorous, without windows, Cic: 
acervua, (of chaoe) chaotic, confused, 
Ov. 2. FlK'* uncertain, dovhtful: 
obacnra spe et caeca exspectatione 
pendere, i,e. of an uncertain conse- 
quence or result, Cic : crimen, that 
cannot be sustained, Liv. 3. inrf' 
feetual, vain; caeci in nnbibus Ignea, 

caedMi ^ f' Tcaedo^ a cutting or 
lopping off (rare) : lignl atque fh>ndlum 
caedes, Oell. ||. a cutting dotm, 
slaughter, esp. in battle or by an assaa- 
sin; murder: caedes In qua P. Clodlus 
oodsus est, Cic, : caede cobortium oog- 
nita. Caes. Of animals, esp. of vietims : 
stnd^osus caedis ferinae, i. e. ferarum, 
V. III. Meton.: the persons slain 
or murdered, the slain : caedis aoerri, 
Virg. Also, the blood Aed, gore : per- 
mixta ilnmina caede. Cat. 

eaadOt cMdi, oaeaum. ). v. u. fcun* 
nected with cado, like faU and /eU], 
lit., to oaaae to fall, tofM, cut down, 
hew, cut : arbores, Cic : silvam, Caes. 
Prov. : ut vineta egt^met caedam mea. 
1. e. carry my own hide, Hor. ||. In 
gen. : to beat, strike, cudgel, etc. : cae- 
Here Januam saxis, Cic Proverb.: 
stimulos pugnls caedere, to kick%againet 
the goad, PL Fig. : in Judldo testiboa 
caec^tur, it pressed, hard yuAed, Cic 

III. to strike wunially, to kill, 
der : lUe dies, quo Ti. Oracchua eat 

Id. Poet.: caeso sparsuroa 
sanguine flammam, the blood shed in 
slaying, Virg. 2. ^ slaughter 

animals, eap. for oferinge, to slay, 
saeryiee : signum In terram defodi, 
et placnlum nostia caedl, Uv. |y. 
Fig.: caedere sermonei, a Qraedam 
samSamv ri. ^n^rot to chat, converse, 

Oaal&inailt 'nls, n. [caelo^ a ba»- 
reU^ (rare) : dypel caelamina, Ov. 

eael&tor, oris, m. [id.] a carver in 
1)aS'relirf,anengra*ier: Cic. 

eael&tftra, «. /• [w.] the art tf 

carving bas-reliefs, ebp. in ntetals ; 
engraving, chasing, toreutics (v. Smith's 
Ant. 6|) : caelatura, qnae auro, ar- 
gento, aere, ferro opera effldt: nam 
sculptura etiam lignum, ebur, marmor, 
vitrum, gemmaa, praetcrea quae supru 
dlxi, oomplectltur. Ouiut. ||, Me- 
ton. : the engraved figures, carved 
work: Suet. 

eaelebt (•!•<> coelebs), Ilbls, oidj. 
itnmarried, single (whether of a ba- 
chelor or a widower) : caeleha senex, 
PI. : Mar tils caeleba quid agam Calen- 
dls, Hor. Meton.: caeleba vita, the 
life o^ a bachelor, id. |l. Of animals : 
caeleba aut vidua columba, Plin. Of 
trees on which no vine has been trained : 
caeleba platanus, Hor. 

oaeleti eaelettiii ▼• coeies and 

eaellbirLit ^ ^^^ 9f j**** t^'^ 

which the bnms hair teas divided into 
sia locks : Ov. 

OftelioolMf caellcus, caelifer, caeli- 
Anns, caeligenua, caelipotens, caelispex, 
caelitus. V. coel. 

OaalO* <kvU atum. I. V. a. [caelum] 
to engrave in r^ief upon metals, to 
carve, engrave, chase: hanc spedem 
Praxiteles caelavit argento, Cic Upon 
wood : pocula ponam fagina, caelatum 
dlvinl opua Aldmedontis, Virg. ||. 
Meton. of poetry : carmlna coropono, 
hie elegos ; mirabile visu caeUtumque 
novem musis opus, Hur. 

eaalani* 1> *>• heaven : V. coelnm. 

OmIuI* U m. V. coelum. 

Oaementlim. l. "• [caedo] a rough 
stone, as it comes from the guarry,u»t!d 
for walls (most freq. in plur.) : in ''am 
insulam materiero, calcem, caementa. 
arma convexlt, Cic 

etMUk *Qd ita deriw., v. ooena, 

OMp« (also cepa). ae. /.. and caepe 
(cepe), ia, n. (in j^htr. only oepae. arum, 



C A L AT H U 8 


/.)• Af* onion: seu porrum «t cftepe tra- 
MaB, Hur. (Hence It. eipaUa.) 

eseilniSluai ae, /. a raigunu utage^ 
a $acrtd ceremcny (whilst ritua ded[g« 
lutM both religious and profane rites) 
(mostly in the plor.) : in sacerdoUo 
caerimoniisque diligentiMimiu, (Tic. 
II. vdigunu OAve, renercneet wonkipt 
manifetted in external act* (mostly 
sing.) : sacra summa religione caerimo- 
niaqae oonfloere, id. |||. taercdneu, 
fonctity (iu thiH sense rare, and only 
in sing.) ; augendam caerimoniam looo, 
Tac. [Since coerare was an old form of 
curare^ caerimonia may be connected 

caer&lent. in poetry also eaerH- 

Ing, a, am, ocj;'. [=scaelaleos from 
caelnm ; the interchange of I and r is 
common] dark blue, azure, dark- 
coUmred: poet, epithet of the sky, of 
the sea, and other kindred ol^ts: 
omnes se Brltanni vitro inflciunt qnod 
uaerulenm efHcit colorem, Caes. : per 
ooeli caemla. Lucr. : pond pl^^ caemla, 
id. : caerulei dii, sea^deities. Or. : deus, 
Ifeptune. Prop. Also of rivers: cae- 
mletis Thybris, VIrg. Of other dark- 
oolonred ol^ts : crines. Ov. ? angaes, 
Vlxg. II. Me ton. and poet. : dark, 
ffloomy, table: eqni (Plutonis), Ov. 
III. dark green : quercus, Ov. 

Caos&rfillfl, », urn [Caesar] pertain^ 
ingto Cae$ar: Ov. 

Oftes&lULtas. ». nm. a4j. [caesaries] 
(very rare) : covered with hair, having 
long hair: miles tuque caesuiatus 

eaes&lles, «lf- a head of hair (only 
ting.): deooram caesariem nato genitrlx 
afnaratfVirg.: caesaries promissa, tono, 
liv. 2. t^ f^i^ of tke heard (rare) : 

CaeMrinuif », mn rCaeaar] per- 
taining to Caexar: celerilas, Cic 

Oaencilllf *• ^nn, v. caedUtis. 

OaOflinit <^^' C<^*^<^3 ^ cutting, 
with cut* : major pars operis in vinea 
ductim podus qtiam caesim ftclenda 
est, 0>L 2. Milit t.t. %oith the 
edge of the tword^ opp. to pimctim, 
with the point : punctim magia quam 
caesfan petere nostem, Liv. ||. 
Rhetor. 1. 1. in xhort daMet : mem- 
braUm adhuc, deinde oaedm diximtis, 

Oaedtitlll (caesicfus), a, tnn, ad^. 
[caesias] bluiih, dark Mue : linteoltmi, 

oaeilUB* A< iun> o^' bluish gray 
fvery rare, and usually of the eyes): 
Ifito modo dicere licebit caesios oculoa 
Minervae, caeruleos esse Neptunl, Cic. 

OaaspCM (&lM cespes), itis, m. a 
turf, $od : recentibus caespitlbus taber- 
nacula oonstrata, Caea. Used for altars, 
motmds (of tombs), for covering hovels, 
etc. : araque grunineo viridis de ceeplte 
fiat, Ov. II. Afcton. : a hut, hovel, 
ihed : neo fortuitimi spemere caespitem, 
Hor. : an altar: positnsque carbo caes- 
pite vivo, id. III. J n gen. : a grassy 
Heidt green sward, tuif : haatam de 

oespite vallit, Virg. [(x«i. derived trom 

OMftni (aIao cestns), Hb, m. rcaedol 
a strau of buWs hide, to whiek balu 
of lead or iron were fasten^, wound 
arotmd the hands and arms, a boxing- 
glove for pugilists (pugiles) : Cic : 
Virg. (V. Smith's Ant. 8j). ||. a fe- 
male ornament : v. oestus. 

OMtemii •» lun, with its derivar 
tives ; v. ceter. 

oaetrEi *e, v. cetra. 

o&Umister, tri, m. (oalamistmm. 

1, n. Plauu : Varr.) Qcalamusi a curf- 
ing iron, crisping-pin (v. &niui's Ant. 
6i,): calamistrl vesUgla, (Tic |l. Fig. 
of discourse : excessive or artifieial orna- 
ment, flourish: tum removebitur omnis 
insignu omatos quasi margaritanim, ne 
caluaistri quidem adhibebuntur, Cic 

o&l&mistr&tns, •* um, 043. [oaiM^ 

mister] curled with the curling'iron : 
coma, etc 

^ C&l&mltai. Stis, /. damoife, iftjwry, 
doss, mi^fortwne, adversity: annona 
porro pretium nid in calamitate (hio- 
tuum non habet, (Tic. Also, the mip- 
fortunes of war, defeat: magnam ca* 
lamitatem pulsos aocepisse: quibus 

E'ils calamitatlbusque fractos, Caes. 
ancient gramm. derived the word 
eatamus, culmus, and defined it 
to be a fall of hail or a tempest, which 
damages the crops. But it probably 
comes from cad-o, through the obsolete 
a4J. calamis (whence in-cUumis) : the 
interchange of d and I is common, and 
Pompey is said to liave always written 

O&l&mltOSit adv. wtfortunateiy, 
miserably: Cic 

O&l&mltSeiU* «. nn, ad^\ [cala- 
mitas] Act. that couks great damage 
or loss, ruinous, destructive : acerbisiri- 
mum et calamitoslssimum bellum, Cic 
Fig.: per omnes partes provindae te 
tanqnam aliquam calami tosam tempes- 
tatem pestemque pervasisse, id. ||. 
Pass. : suffering great damage, exposed 
to iniury, unfortunate, miserable: agri 
vectlgal, id. 

OuAmai. 1i m,ssK6XoLiuK, a reed, 
cane (pure Lat arundo, q. v.): Plin. 

II. M e ton. : olgects made of reeds : 
a reea-pen : quicnmqne calamus in ma- 
nns meas iiKiderit, eo utar tanqnam 
bono, Cic. : a reed-pipe : unco saepe 
labro calamos pcrcurrit hiantes, with a 
curved Up runs over the open reeds, 
Lucr. : an arrow : hastas et calami 
spicula tinosH, Hor. : an angling^rod : 
calamo salientea duoere pTsces. Ov. 

III. Transf. to things of a similar 
form : any straw of grain, a staUc, stern^ 
blade : lupini caUunus, Virg. 

C&l&thni f 1« fn. ^ KoAatfoc, a wicker 
basket, a hand -basket ( &= quasilluin) 
(v. Smith's Ant. 64). Ace. to diff. 
uses, a flower-basket, a wool4Msket, a 
ihr^td or fruit basket, etc. : Implet 
calathoe e vimine textos, Ov. : calathi 
Minervae, Virg. ||. Meton. : any 
other vessel of similar fonn, of metal or 

wood : a mithbowl, mUh-paU ; id. : a 
wine-cup: id. 

oU&tor. Mm, in. [calo] (lit. a wa- 
vant for calling, etc, a crier : hence, in 
gen.), any servant, attendant : egonwt 
mihi comes, calator, PI. 

ddatns. «. tun. v. calo. 

ealoftneumi i, n, [calx] (a rare form 
for calx) the heel: Vira. 

oaleaTi Sris, n. [id.] a spur : calcul 
^adrupedem agitare, PL ; condtare, 
Liv. ' Pig. : spur, stimulus, incitement : 
dioebat Isocrates se calcaribns io Ephoro, 
contra autem in Theopompo frmis nd 
iM)lere,Cic Proverb.: addere calcaria 
sponte ctnrentl, to spur a willing horse, 

OaloatOfi •. nm. PaH. [calco]. 

oalottmenUun (caidim.). i, n. 

[calceo] shoeing, shoes in gen. : calcea- 
mentum, solomm callum ; cublle, terra : 

OaloeatOf (calciatus), a. ran. Part. 
[id.] wearing Aoes, Aod: oaloeati et 
vesUtl, (Tic 

oaloeo (caldo). art, atmn. t.v.a, 
[calceusj to furnish with shoes, to put 
on ikoes, to shoe : calceandl pedes, 
Phaedr. Of animals : mulas. Suet. 

oaloSOrlui (caldol.). ii, m. a 
shoemaker: PL 

oaleS61lll» ^ *^ c^«^ [caloens] a 
small shoe, a half boot (rare) : Cic 

oaloSui (bIbo caldus), i. m. [calx] 
a shoe, a ha^-boot (v. Smith's AnC 
64): calod habiles et aptl ad pedem, 
Cic. : calceoe poscere ( assoleaa poaoere, 
v. solea), to riu from table (sinoe the 
Romans took off their shoes at meals), 
Plin. : calceos mntare, L e. to become a 
senator (from the high shoes worn by 
senators), Cic 

ealoiatnit ^^ ▼• calcearimm, etc 

oaldoi V- calceo. 

oaldtroi <• «• **• Cc^ixl ^ ttrOm 

with the heels, to kick, of animala (rare) : 
Plin. Fi g. : to resist, to be stubborn or 
rrfraetory : caldtrat, respuit, Cic ||, 
to strike convulsively with the feet^ to 
ujrithe, of one dying : Ov. 

OalditrOf &nis, m. one uko kidbt, 
a kicker: equus, Varr. ||. Of men . 
a boisterous fellow, a bUisterer : VI. 

oalco* ^^t aturo, i. v. a. [calx] to 
tread upon, to tread underfoot, to walk 
OT passover: ad8tructoemorientumaoer> 
V08, Ov. II. Fig.: to trample Mpon, 
tread down, trnpreu : oalcare aroorem, . 
Ov. : hostem, Juv. 

OalciUoSf i| «^ <^"*« l^^-l o 9matt 
stone, a pdMe : coi\Jecti8 in os calcuba, 
Cic : dtnnosis calculus arvis, gravel m* 
the thorny fields, Virg. ||. a ctotM 
used for reckoning; hence, meton. : 
a reekoning, computing, ealenlatimg: 
calculum alicviJuH rei subducerc, to 
compute, Cic: ad calcnlos rocare all- 
quid, to sutAect to an accurate reckon- 
ing, id. : iliquem, to settle aceowfUs 
with any one, Liv. 

OaldUB* •» tnn, V. calidus. 

OUI^OelO (contr. caiflido), fM, 
fiu^am, }. V. a. [caleo fado] to iMoJbs 





or hot, to toorm, kaU : ad cale- 
hdcBdom corpus. Ctc H. ^U- : ^ 
kmt, to anger, to diatwrbt txcUc, etc. : 
oUkc homioeiii, kL 

fliUtfutOf '• v. a. /re). rcalefiKio] 
to flMibe woTM, (a worm, heat (verr 
mt): cftlefiictare aqoam, PI. ||. 
Fif.: AUqoflm Tirgit, id. 

taMuttOM or ealliMtiif i «> mn* 

hQmIQi Sri, V. caleftdo. ^ 

yl^fTlf^^f rKAl.),lniin./.j>Iu. rpalo. 
m, becaoie the oommencement uf the 
nooth wu procUimed by the pontiflcM; 
kooe, lit procUnMtioii dMj} the /lr$t 
iajftf the Roman month, the Calends : 
maHj written CaL (KaL) e. g. KaX. 
'maar. om the Jtnt ef Jaitwxrif, Ctc.) 
For the B. mode of reckoning time, v. 
SoDith't Ant. 66 M!9. On the Calends 
iatenst fell doe : hence for the debtor, 
trlMea, Hor. Proverb.: ad Calendas 
OnecM solvere, L e. never to pay 
(tbcre beinf no calenla in the Or. 
j«BrX Soet. On the Calenda of March 
■anted people and lovers celebrated 
thi MaavnaUa ; benoe, Martiia ooeleba 
VM ^am Gatendls. Hor. ||. Me- 
ton. : a month : nee totldem veteres 
««ot oonc habuere calendas, Ov. 2. 
rakada c sextae, the Cakndt vfJune, 

HUfmmit U •»• («c. vinum) [Cales] 
CeLeman wime : xnoUe Calenmn, Juv. 

dUio* td. 1. T. n. (calitonis, Ov.: 
fc yui . caletor, Pt^ to be warm or hot^ 
b ftoip (of things) : sentiri hoc pntat, 
Qt calere ignem, nlvem esse albam, Cic. 
f oet. uf person*, for aestoare : to feel 
■am: qoft apod carbooes aasident 
temper oient, PL ft Fig.: toylow 
ia Blod, io be rvMsra, warmed, in- 
Mmed: (leooes) pennixtA caede c»- 
nlca. injlammi bf indimriminate 
tiaagkter, Locr.: femlna calere, to be- 
come etuimoured of, Hor. Also, to be 
trmMed, perpletced : te calere poto, 
Qc: Beotis niorbo. to UU»itr under, 
^^- 8. Of abstract things : to he 
•nM M ecalomelff, to be aaried on 
MnUy : lUnd crimen de nmnis caloit 
It receoti. nunc in causa refdxit, Cic 
Z. to be wet warm, new, or fresh : 
at mte nihil est, nisi dum calet hoc 

filttCO. |. V. n. inem. [caleo] to 
rw or fct co sM warm or hot : calescere 

^ qirkatiooe vel Igni. Cic ||. 
fig. : to bteowu emeited, injlamed with 
"*«.efc.: quo propius nunc est, flamma 
pvopioft caieaoo. Or. 
• IllbeiQ. V. caleCuio. 

•IOdA« as (cakia) warm water, any 
••m*^«A; tac 

•UMi, ode. ^mieHw, pnmfHy: ca- 
Ui qnloqniil aetnrus. PI. 

Cifidnn (caldmn), i, n. a drink, 
'^*^amdwaier: VX, 

^Ildvs. a, um, ad^. (ccmtr. form 
Jjjo*; Aug. per. In pnwe, 
"* *•» not Qsed by the poets exc. 
*"*> rtqoired by the metre. Comp. 
<*^ Hot.) [cAleob lUbs aridos, frigi- 

dns, fsrvidns, ete.1 warm, hot : fons 
luce diuma fHgtdns, et calldus noctumo 
tempore, Lucr. ||, Fig. : Jierjf. rash, 
eoffer^ spirited, fierce, vAement (of liv- 
ing beings, only in tiie poets): equus 
caUduB animis, qf a fi^ spirit, Virg. : 
redemptor, eager, aetire, Hor. 8. 
quiek, ready, prompt (rare) : hnic bo- 
mini opus est quadraglnta minis oele- 
riter oalidis, qwiddy procured, PL 
(Hence It. ccOdo; Fr. chaud.) 

oUIondrnxilt ^t *»• ^xdhMnfrpov, or- 
namentX an unkndwnJeind qf femede 
head-dreu: Hor. 

oUIga* AC* /• ndndred with caloern, 
from caix^ a strong and heavy shoe 
worn by the Roman soldiers (v. Smith's 
Ant. 68): mihi caUgae c^ns et fksdae 
cretatae non placebant, Cic. 

oUItfbnfifQl, a, um, o^f. [caligo] co- 
vered with mist, foggy, aark, obscure, 
gloomy (rare) : ooelum et humidum et 
caliginosum, Oc. ||. Fig.: caligi- 
nosa nox, obscure futurity, Hor. 

eftUgOt Iida, /. a wtist : Notiu terri* 
bilem frioea tectus caligine vulturo, Ov. 
II, Meton. : darkness, gloom, ob- 
scurity: tetris tenebrla et caligine se 
Alexandriam perventuros esse arbitrati 
■imt, Cic. : cum altitudo caliginem ocuUs 
obfbdteet, had oooasionea diztiness, 
Uv. Ijl. Fig. : mental bUndneu, 
dulneu of understanding : quod vide« 
bam equklem, sed quasi per caliginem, 
Cic 8. Of gloomy orcumstanoes : 
calamity, a ffiictum: eoce illatempestas, 
caligo bOTorum, tenebrae reipublicae, id. 

(AllgO* I* V. n. and a. [caligo]. 
I, neutr, to emit tapour, to steam, 
reek : CoL 8. ^ ^ involved in dark- 
ness, to be dark, gloomy : caligare ocu- 
loe, the eyes are darkened, Lucr. : lucus 
caligans, Viig. ||. act. to veil in 
darkness, to make dark, to obscure 
(very rare) : sitae caligantesque fenes- 
trae, proaucing a diny blindness by 
their height, Jnv. 

cftUgUa, ae, /. dim. [cali^] a 
snuM miUtary boot : Tac 

Oalim* V. clam. 

OiliZf Icis, m. sin{At|, a cup, goblet, 
a drinking vessel: calix mulsl, Cic 

I. Meton.: wine: Cat |||. a 
'ng ffessel, pot : Ov. (Hence Fr. 

eoUce; Eng. cAolice.) 

OaliiOt >• <*• *(• *o<l <>• fcallum] I. 
neutr. to be thiek-skinned (nn) : plagts 
coetae caUent. PI. 8. Fig.: to be 
hardened, callous, insensible : Serv. 
Sttljrfc. in Oc. 8. to be practised, to 
be wise by experience, to be skilful, 
versed in: omnes homines ad sunm 
quaestum callent, PL ||. act. to 
know by experience or practice, to know, 
underhand: jura, Cic With a relative 
clauu : quo pacto id fieri soleat, calleo, 

ealHdi* adv. ski^ully, shrewdly, 
expertly: callide arguteque dicere, Ck. 

II. cunningly, craftHM, artfully : 
vitia sua collide occultare. Sail. 

eaUIdltaSf itl^/- [callidus] shrewd* 
ness, Mki^fulness, readiness, aptness: 


nee calliditate Poenos, nee artibus 
Qraeoos superavimus, Cic. ||, cun- 
ning, craft, slyness, ar{fuhieu : stdttx- 
tia, quae est remota ab Jiutitia, calli- 
ditas potlus auam sapientia est aroel- 
landa, id. Of stratagem in war : L4v. 
Of oratorical artUice: Cic In plor.: 
Syri calUdiUtes. Ter. 

oaUIdllf« *• um, a4if' [calleo] Arewd, 
expert, worldly-wise, experienced, skil^ 
fm : ego ut agitator calUdus, prinsquam 
ad flnem veniam, equos sustlnebo, Cic 
With^en.: rei miUtaris. Tac In the 
Or. manner, with if\f. : callidus coo- 
dere ftuto^ Hor. Meton. of things: 
calUdissimum artiflcium (naturae). Uc 
II. In a bad sense: cntfty, cun- 
ning, artful, sly : gens non astuta nee 
call^ Tac: ad fraudem callidi, Cic. 
Meton. of things: callidi doli, PL: 

Oalliit is, M. (fern. Lucr.: Liv.), a 
narrow foot-paih, a mountain-traek ; 
usu. a path made by the treading of 
cattle: qnnm calles et pastorum stM- 
bula praedari coepisaet, Cic. : per aesti- 
vos saltus deviasoue oUlos exerdtum 
ducere, Liv. ||. Poet: a ocwrse, 
raxx-mound: \josx. 

oallOfOlt «• um, adA. [calluml with 
a hard skin, thiek-skinned, callous: 
PUn. II. In Gien.: thick, hard, soUd: 
ova, Hor. 

oallvnif U M* (callus* it **•* Cels). 

hardened skin (eq>. upon the feet or 
hands) : calceamentum solorum callum, 
Cic II. Meton.: the firm fUsh of 
certain animaJs: aprugiinm, PI.: for 
which also abeoL callum, id. ||l. 
Fig. : hardness, callousness, insenst- 
baity, stupidity (rare): ipse labor 
quasi cftllnm quoddam obdudt dolori, 
renders callous to pain, Cic 

e&lo (<M old woni, also written with 
its derivatives kalo), to call out, pro- 
claim, convoke (only as t (. in religious 
matters) : calata comitia, comUia held 
for consecrating a priest or a king, 
QtlL [Root GAL or cla : cf. cal-endae, 
do-mor, ttomen-cJo-tor.l 

OUO, Onis, m. a soldier^s servant: 
(V. Smith's Ant 68): Caes. : Ltv. 
II. In gen.: any low servant, 
drudge: Cic 

oUor. Oris, m. [caleo] warmth, heat, 
glow : vis (Hgoris et caioris, Cic 8. 
titaiMer hecU : vitandi caioris causa 
Lanuvii tres boras aoquieveram, id. 
Henoe also for mmaier, opp. to ver 
and auctumnus: medlls caloribus, in 
the middU of summer, Liv. : calores 
anstrtni, (Ae parching heat qf the Si' 
J"©"©, Virg. ||. Fig. : the heat tf 
passion, seal, ardmir, iwtpetuosity, re- 
hemenee : si calor ac spiritns tuUt, 
Quint Poet. :X*«jIre<2/' low; trahere 
calorem, Ov. 

^ ^W fi ^ sib, f. a strong-emdling 
yellow fiower. prob. our pot mttrigold : 
mollia luteola pingit vaccinia odtha, 

ealthttla* m, /. [caltba] a %coman's 
robe qf a yellow colour : PL 





oUnmiila (anciently written kaloin' 
nia), ae, /. /oIm accuMtion, intriffue, 
trick, artifice^ aopkistry, a sopkittical 
attack: Mjetcllog calumiiia dioradi tem> 
pas exemit, ^y art\hot^ Cic : reUgkxiis 
calnmnia, a pretext derived from rdi- 
gima tcrupUi, id. 2. Fig* : need' 
lest care, anxiety^ (^tprthetuitm : in 
hac calomnia timoris et caeoae sn^iic- 
loniB tonnento, in thit mitgiving pro* 
duoed by the iUtaioiu of /ear, Caec in 
Cic II. LegAl (. (. /aite aceuttUion, 
trickery: calumnia litinrn aliquld pe- 
tere, Qo. : calumniam jnrare, to swear 
that one did not bring a wtaiidoius 
euxHiotUm^ liv. 2. Me ton. for 
actio caiumniae, an action reapeeting 
tht motive* of an accuaer who failed in 
hit proof (v. Smith's Ant. 68) : calum- 
niam effiigere, Cic : oondenmatus ca- 
lumnia, Tac [Calumnia presupposes a 
noun calumnus, whidi comes from the 
root CALO or calv : ▼. oaivor : it is 
peril, connected with celarej] 

eUnmnl&tor (Ical), oris, m. Fcalnm- 
nior J mostly 1. 1, a cotUriver <2f trick* 
or artijicetf a pettifogger, a quUMer : 
acrlptum sequi calumnlatoris esae : bcmi 
Judicis, voluntAtem scriptoris auctorita* 
temoue defendere, Cic. 

oUumilor (anciently kalumnior) 
atua, I. V. a. dep. |[calamnia]. I. to 
censure, attack, %n a sopMtica* or 
unfair manner, to cavU: nam qnod 
autea fte^ calumniatns sum, mdl- 
cabo nuuittam meam, Cic ||. Legal 
t.t. to contrive legal arUfioes m false 
accusations, to make use <ff qmbbles 
and frivolous ol^ections : ladlflcwri et 
calnmniari, id. HI. Fig.: to torment 
oneself with groundHsss care or antfiety: 
sed calmnniabar ipse: putabam qnl 
obviam milii veniaset, 8aq>icataram, 

eal^|U •^/> <^ baldrsealp: Liv. 

OAl^naeit ei, /. [calvusj batdness 
(rare for cal vitium) : prae oafvitie, Suet. 

CalyltiLaMi lit "• [id*] baldness: 

etlfor* J' v> a. dep. to devise tricks, 
use artifice, to deceive : PI. 

OalyUBt a, am. ac(;. bold, without 
hair (rare): raso caplte calvns, PI. 

oalZi calcls, /. (sometimes m.) the 
hed: caloes deteris, you tread on my 
heels, PL : oerlare pugnis, calcibns. on- 
guibus, Cic : caedere calcibus, to kick, 
PI.: caloes remittere, to Irieile. Nep. 
Prov.: adversus stimulum calcM (sc. 
jactare. «to.) to kick against the pricks, 
Ter. Me ton.: the foot: calcemqne 
teritjam caloe, Virg. (Hence It caU 

Oalx* calcis,/. (sometimes m.): Lit. 
a smail stone: hence a counter or 
draughtsman (rare for the dUm. calcu- 
lus, q. V.) : priuB disperiblt fiuto. quam 
nnum caloem movent, PI. ||. lime' 
stone, Ume, whether slalced or unslaked : 
materiem, oalcem. Cic. |||. M e t o n. : 
the goal or limit in a racecowse (marked 
with lime or chalk) : ad calcem perve- 
nire, id.: ad carccrea a caloe revooMri, to 

have to do a thing aU over again, id. 
(Hence It. calctna; Fr. ehcutm^ 

OanUUrat m, t. camera. 

oambiOi 4' *• **• ^ eoKhange, barter: 
App. (Hence the It. and mercantile 
eambio, ccmU>iart, eambiatura, etc; 
Fr. chcmge, changer, etc.) 

OftmeUftf ae,/.' a kind of drinking 
vessH, a goblet, wine<up : Ov. 

C&miluit i> ^'» A camel, a dromedary. 
The cameU Camelus Bactrianus, linn, 
has two humps; the dromedary, or 
Arabian camel, C. dromedarius, has only 
one : Cic [From the Semitic gdmdl.] 

O&I&tra (also cftroAra), ae, f.i^Ka- 
liApa, a vault, an arcfted roof, an arch : 
Cic II. a flat ship with a oovering 
of planks : Tac (Hence Fr. dkam&rc) 

0&mIniLS» i. m.ssi^ Ki4U¥Ot,asmelt' 
ing furnace, a forge : Aetnam imposi- 
tam ruptis flamma exsplrare caniinis, 
Virg. Fig. : an incessant, wealous 
labour : Juv. £. ^ fire-jMooe : ca- 
mino lucnlento ntendum censeo^ Ctc 
Proverb.: oleom addere camino, to 
addfuA to flame, to aggravate an evil, 
Hor. (Hence Fr. duminiei Eng. cAtm- 

CanipilUll morbus, a kind qf wart 
endemic in Campania : Hor. 

eampSt 6s, /. s tcoftm}, a winding, 
writMng: campas dlcere, to seek eva- 
sions, V\. 

oampettSTt tris. tre, a4j. [campus] 
pertaining to a plain, flat, champaign, 
level : opp. to montanus and coilinus : 
campestres ao demissi loci, Caes. : vld, 
Liv.: orbs, id.: bar^a^i, dwetUna in 
plains, id. : hostJs, fighting in a plain, 
id. Sub St. campestria, ium, n. plu., 
flat land, level grvund : pauca campes- 
trlum, Tac ||. relating to the orer- 
eisa in the Campus Mirtius: lodus, 
Cic : proelia, Hor. S u b s t. Campestre, 
is, n. {SC. velamentum), a leather girdle 
worn about the loins, a wrestling apron : 
id. III. pertaining to the comitia 
held in the Campus Martiiu : gratia, 

oampTUi* 1. m. an even, flat space, 
a plain, fteld, also a field of battle : 
camposetmontesperagnuites,Cic. With 
ager it oxiveys sometimes the spedflc 
sometimes the generic sign.: in agro 
publico campi duo mUlia Jugerum im- 
munia possidere, id.: si pinguls agros 
metabere campi, Virg. 2. Me ton.: 
any level surface (of the sea, of a roc^ 
etc.^: campi liquentes, Virg.: immota 
attollitur undft campus (%. e. saxum), id. 
8. Fig.: ferator eloqnentia non 
semltls sed campis. Quint ||. Esp. 
the Campus Martins at Rome : a place 
of cutembly for the Roman people at 
tA« comitia centuriata : Cic Me ton.: 
the comitia themselves : curiam pro 
senatu, campum pro comitils. id. Also, 
as a place for games, eaeercise, retrta- 
tion, military driUs, etc: id. There 
were other campi at HtHne, as the 
Campus Esouilinus, etc Hence 8 
Fig.: a field of action, a suJ^jeet qf 
debate, etc : magnua est in rq>abUoa 

campus, multis apertus ctmos ad Isb- 
dem, id. (Hence Fr. champ.) 

O&mtoos* a, imi, a^. crooked, bmt 
in%pard»: camuris hirtae sob oondbu 
aures, Virg. 

eftnilii, is, m. a pipe, groove, cAai»> 
nel, esp. a waierpipe, conduit, a canal : 
currentem ilignis potare canallbaaan- 
dam. VinL : Caes. : liv. 

oanOdUit Orum, m, phi, Qdim. of 
cancerj an tficlontre^«0ood» a raiKmg^ 
laUice, or anythina of the kind by 
which a place is inclosed and protected: 
fori, the bar qf tribunals, Cic : the 
barrier in the public spectacles: kL: 
drd. Ov. II. Fig- ' boimdarifi. U- 
mits : si extra hoe cancellos egredl och 
nabor, quos mihi ipse circamdedi,C^ 

Oailoer> cri (gen. canceris. hacr.), 
m. aerobinag^i. sense: Vii^ ||. 
at^^(A«sodtac: Lacr.: Ov. Poet. 
the south : id. : and great heat : M. 
(Hence It. granchio, cancro; Fr.cai»> 
ere, chancre.) 

Oandi^f&elOt fM, tscxmn, ]. V. a. 
rcandeo fado j to make dasslingly white : 

eaadSlaf ae,/. [caadeo] a Uf^, wa»- 
li^t, taUew con«Ue, taper : breve lumen 
candelae, Juv. Me ton. fire: caode- 
1am ^ponere valvis, i, e. to sH the 
house on fire, id. ||. a cord corerod 
urith warn (whicfa preaerved it fixm de- 
cay): Liv. 

oandei&bnuiLi l «. rcauieia] a 

candlestick, a chanddier: Cic 

eandenSt eotls. Part, [candeol. H. 
At^. : Aining white, gUttering (poet.): 
candida(lkoere) denials, et de candentl- 
bus atra, Cv. : candens dqihantos, ivory, 

oandOOt ui, 2. V. n. to be of hrittioMt 
whiteness, to shine, glitter (mosfUy 
poet.) : noi canderet vestls, Hor. n, 
to glow, to be glowing hot : nt caUdu 
candens ferrum e fomadbns sMdlt, cm 
the ghwina iron hisses from the hot 
furnace, Lucr. : Dionysius oandenie 
carbone sibi adurebat caplUum, Cic 

(mTidimOOi ul. |. v. n. incep. Qoandeo] 
to become of a glittering wiMe, to begin 
to glisten : at solet aer caodeaoere solto 
ab ortu, Ov. 8. to grow hot, to begin 
to glow : ferrum candeadt in ipii Lucr. 

eandld&t6liiu» a. nm. o^. [caadi. 
datusj nertaining to a oandiaate : Cic 

canaldfttnst a. ^ud. <Mr- [caodidual 

clothed in whiU (for albatus) : Pi. 

Oandld&tm* K **. a candidate fbr 
office (because clothed in a white toiga: 
V. Smith's Ant i8): praetorias ca»!U- 
datus. Cic : candidatus Ckesaris. a can- 
didate recommended by Caesar, VelL 
Hence proverb, petis tanquam C^ 
saris candidatus, t. e. certain of the 
result, C^iint ||. Fig.: any eager 
aspirant or claimant : candidatus non 
consulatns tanttun, sed immortalltatis 
et gloriae. Plin. 

oandldit <*^n^^ dasaUng white: 
candtoe vestitus, Pi. 

oandldiUlUi a. um, a4f. dim. [cma- 
^U^ shining white: deoira.Cic 




etadUnst *» ^^^ <Mf • rcaodeo^ of a 
4»axUmg white^ elear^ bright (opp. to 
wtgtr^ m gUsttmkig black : while aOmt 
It a dead white, Ofq;). to ata% a dead 
MadL) : ildera, Locr. : dniia, VirK. : po- 
p^lm, CAe «{2rcr fopjar, Id.: veitia, Liv. 
2, Meton. and poet: ofperwmal 
taaaty :/«><''. beautiful : Dido. Vlrg. : 
eenrix, Hor. As an c^thet of Uie gods : 
endUoi Cnpldo, Cat. Proverb.: can- 
Ada de nlgria Ikcera, to mtUee black 
mktU,Or. Poet for oandidatas,c<o<iUd 
ia wAite : torba, T!b. : pompa, Oy. : 
aentenda s candidi lapUli, a 
Iff aequiUai, Id. 11. Fig.: 
tfiem^, aereme, cUan^ spotuu, etc. 
Of the Totoe: clear, pure, tUcer-tomed; 
<m>. to fmacuM: Q^t Of dtacoorse: 
dwr, nerijpiciKNW, unaffected: elabo- 
nut aUi In tmro et qoasl quodam can- 
dUo geoere oioendi, CSc Aiid melon. 
«C the orator himaelf: Messala nitidna 
«CcaodSdiu» Quint. Poet*: of the winds: 
mak^ dLaar or hrigkt : candidi Favo- 
bU, Hor. 2. Of character: pure, 
iMesf, upright, eamdid, f ramie t can- 
Ate >>dex. Id. And of conditions of 
We : tAeerftU, happy, fcrimuUe : oaa- 
4ria oonWria, K>]EfuI^ Prop. : nox, id. 

tmuAar* <>ns, m. [Id.j a dauUng, 
ftonp wktteneu, eleameti, radiance, 
brfgiinetM, splendour, eUi.: soils candor 
Itetrior eet <nam nlllns ignis, CIc. : 
takamzn, LJv. Of personal beauty: 
fainteu, beauty : tatm ille et candore 
Tttbor (in Vcnere Ooa), Cic 
I. Fig.: Of discourse: brilliancy, 
fticatas candor, id.: stm- 
fUeCtg, uaturabuu : T. Ldvins, in nar- 
laado mine JoconditatiB clarisdmiaoe 
caofarla, Qninu 2. Of mind or cba- 
acier : upri(^tne$M, faimea, open- 
nua : candor animi, Ov. 

tiTlff*tffi cQtte, Part, [caneo]. H. 
m^.gruf, grayish : Or. 

irtnfmt, entis, Part. rcano3. 

CisniOt ol« 2« V. n. to be u-hite or 
isarp: Cemporibns ggmtnis canebal 
Is, ▼. canis. 

}, |. V. incep. [caneo] togrow 

uiUt* or hiary : pabola canescont, Ov. 
Hence sa seneaoere, to grow old: Id. 
And Fig. of discoorse: quom ipsa 
«fallo>aD nostra caneaoeret, Cic. 

day or bitch: PUn. Hence Pig. of a 
fa anu toomewooMui: PI. \\,AeJMig' 
ster./NrfM; flagrans, Hor. 

dil^BIUf •• ™n. acli. [id.] pertain' 
i»gtom dog, canine : W, Or. : soaeva 
calaa. a favntrable augury from a 
dog, PL Fig.: Utera, (he letter R. 
VfTL: eloqoentia, ahugive, tnarUng, 
Qoint: fertu, cutting u»rdM,Ov. 

dait (csoes, like a«dea, apes, for 
rniia, apis, etc., PI.), is, com., a dog, 
hoimd: aumm Ada cuatedia, Ck. : often 
Med u/em. when the species is referred 
to: a«t tnuUt acres multa cane apros. 
Bar. Asa term of reproach, dojr: PI.: 
Ter. A contcmptnoos designatim, a 
imger^u, a parasite: multa siU opus 

esse, multa canibns snis, quos circa se 
haberet, Cic. : Cavk cakbu, an inscrip- 
tion upon doors. "Beware of the dog," 
Petr. H. ^ constellation, canis migor, 
wliose brightest star is the Dog-star 
(canicula or Sirius), and minor, com- 
monly called antecanls (hence in plnr. 
canes, Varr.): Ov. |||. the sw^dog: 
Plin. : and mythically, of the dogt of 
Scylla : Lucr. (Hence Fr. diien.) 

O&nistrEt orum, n. plu. a wicker 
basket for bread, fruit, flowers, etc 
(esp. for religious use In sacarifices): 
Cic: onerant canistris dona Cereris, 

C&nXfleii exa* (other cases do not 
appear to be in use),/, [canus] a gray 
or grayitk^whitc ctMnu',hoariness : Ov. 
Esp. freq. of gray hair: albaoue toto 
vertice amities, id. Hence Melon.: 
gray hair : Charon cni plurtma mento 
canities inculta Jacet, virg. 2. old 
c^fc: donee virenti canities abest mo- 
roea, Hor. (Hence It. eanutessa.) 

eaimat ftc, /. =Kd»va, a reed, cane: 
paiustris, Ov. ||. Melon.: things 
made of reed, a reed pipe, flute: id. : 
a smali vessel, gondola : Juv. 

eajm&bis, ». /•> ^nd oannabnm, 

i, n. ssi Koyvxi^iis and Kowafioi, hemp: 
tibi lorta cannabe ftilto coena sit In 
transtro? Pers. (Hence It. canape; 
Fr. chanvre.) 

O&nOt ceoni, canttmi. |. v. n. and a. 
(perf. canui=cecini, usual in the comp. 
conono, occino, etc.) |. Neutr. to 
sing, soiund, play. Of men : si absuide 
canal is, qui se haberi velit musicum. 
Dc : arundine, Ov. Impers. : Uluus 
quo canitur, Cic Of foulty deUveiy: 
to speak in a sing-song tone : id. 2. 
Of animals: gaUl vktl silere soIent, 
canere victores. to croio, id. 8. Of 
instruments, etc.: to sewid, resound: 
canentes tibiae, Id. : fhmdiferasqtie 
novis avibus canere nndiqne silvas. 
Lucr. II. Act. to sing, rehearse, re- 
cite (wlUi the aoc. carmen, cantilenam. 
versus, verba, etc.) : carmina quae in 
epulis canuntur, M. : Ascracum cano 
carmen, Virg. : praecepta canere, Hor. 
Proverb.: carmen inttis canere (of one 
who tbinlcs only of his own advantage), 
Cic: cantilenam enndem canis, you sing 
the old song, Ter. : canere aliquid sur- 
dis atulbns, to preach to the deaf, Liv. 

2. to celebrate or praise in song : 
canere ad tibiam clarormn virorum 
laudes atque virtutes, (Tic. : decs re- 
gesve, Hor. 8. lo prophesy, fore- 
UU, predict (since the responses of 
oracles were usually in verse) : et mihl 
Jam niulti cmdele canebant artiflcis 
scelus.Virg. I|J. Mi lit. e. f. both 
act. and neutr. Of signals : to blow, to 
sound, to give ; or to be sounded. 1. 
Act. : bellkum canere. Cic : signa canere 
jubet, to gire the tignal for baUle, SaU. 

2. Seutr. : prtusquam signa cane- 
rent, Liv. 8. Reoeptui canere. to 
sotmd or be sounded for a retreat : 
Hasdrubal roceptui propere cednit, id. 
Poet : with occ: oednit jossos reorp- 

tus, Ov. Also impers. : Caesar receptnl 
cani jusslt, Caes. Fig.: revocante et 
reoeptol canente senatu, Cic 

OfUloni 6nl8i m.ssxaiw. Lit: a 
straight stick or pole; hence, a rule, 
canon, model: sed heus tu qui «caywy 
esse meorum scr^torum soles. Cic 

O&nOTf Oris, m. [cano] melody, tume, 
sound, song: cjffii, uxor. : Marttus 
aeris xaud canor, martiiU clang, Virg. 

0ill5nil» ■* tun, a4f • [canor] <tma- 
ful, melodious, harmonious. |, ()f 
the voice: canora vox SIrenum, Ov. 
And as a fonlt in deltveiy, a sing-song, 
droning tone: sine contentkme vox, nee 
languens, nee canora, Cic : versus, 
Hor. : nngae, mere jingling. Id. I|. 
Of men or things produdng sound: 
canonis orator et volubiUs et satis 
acer, CIc : Triton, Ov. : aves, Virg. : 
ales, i. e. cygnos, the tuneful bird. Hot. 
Of instruments : fides, Vlrg. 

Oant&tSOi baia, f, [canto] mttfie, 
song: PI. 

OantSrbllU (canth.). a, urn. a^j. 
[cantorius] pertaining to a horse : haeo 
mulier canterlno ritu astans somniat 

oantirlns (canth.\ U. m. [perh. 
icavtfqAuK, a pack-ass] ageMing: Cic 
Proverb. : cantortus in fossa, tobein 
a hdpless condition, Liv. 

oanth&riSf idisi /. <=«a>^(f, a 

genus of beetles: of several sp^ies, 
fireq. used tn medkine, Cic 

oanth&rnSf l, m. = KovOapoi, a 
large, «OMfe-beUted drinking ve^el tcith 
handles, a tankard, pot: PI.: polare 
modids cantharis, Hor. ||. Me I o n. : 
a kind of sea-flsh : Ov. 

oantnerinBi ii. «nd iu deriw., y. 

canterius. etc. 
eanthnSf i* M. = «ciu«0(k, a w^eeU 

tire: Quint: and melon, a wheel: 

Oantitonm. t *>• [cantus] a gong in 
the Roman comedy, sung by one person, 
and accompanied by mnste ami danc- 
ing: a sUo: agere, Liv.: desaltare, 
8uet. II. a song, in gen. : chonilcan- 
ticmn insmiuit Ptiaedr. |||. a sing- 
ing tone in the delivery of on orator : 

oailtnSna* ^e, /. [cantillo] an old 
song, coUoq. for filly prattle, gossip : 
ut crebro mihi insnsurret cantilenam 
suam, Oc : cantilenam eand«m canis. 
ever the old song, Ter. 

oantito* Onls> /• [cono] a singing, a 
song (rare): PI.: 8uet 2. <»" »«• 
catvUUion, duirm, spell : id venefldis et 
cantionlbus Titiniae factum dioebat,Cic 
(Hence It cafuone ; Fr.chamon.) 

CantittOt sH stum, I. V. a. freq. 
[canto] to sing or play often (rare) : ut 
habeas qulcum cantites. Ter. : Cic 

eantlimoftla« •», f.dim. [cantloj 
a flattering, alluring song: Cic. 

OantOf *^ atum, i. v. n. and a. freq, 
[cano]. I, Neutr. to sound, sing, 
play, etc.: Arcades ambo el cantarc 
pares, Virg.: oanlare ad mamnn his- 
trionl. in comedy, to si$tg and play while 





the actor aocompaniiu the 9omg with 
ffutunt or dancmgt Liv. Proverb.: 
•ordo. Prop., uid ad surdas anres, to 
preach to the dea/^ Ov. Of the faulty 
IpTonunciiUoa of an orator: to declaim 
«n a singing tone, to draiol : si cantas, 
male cantas, si legia, cantaa, Caea. Of 
animals: deos galUa slgnmn dedisse can- 
tandi. Cic. Of instruments (poet.) : 
cantobat tibia ludis, Ov. 1|. Act. 
with cux. of oannen, venoa, etc.: to 
ting, plaj/, recite: carmina non prius 
aumta canto, Hor. 2. to eeUbrate or 
praise in song, sing of : JomiHldem is- 
tom canto Caesarem, Cic 8. Of an 
actor : to enact, represent a part : oan- 
tavit (Nero) Orestem matricldam. Suet. 
4. to p<mU otU, indicate, forewarn 
(poet.) : vera cantaa? vana veilem. PI. : 
naec dies noctesque tiU canto, ut ca^ 
veas, id. III. to tue ehanns, incan" 
tatums, to enaiant (mostly poet.) .- M- 
gldus in prstis cautando nunpitur an- 
guis, Virg. : cantatum cannen, an in- 
oantation, Ov. 

oantor. oris. m. [id.] a musician, 
singer, poet: omnibus hoc vitium est 
cantoribos, Hor. In a contemptuoua 
sense : cantor formuUurum, auceps sylla- 
borunuCic. Andwithy^i.of thepenon: 
an extoUer, eulogist : cantores Euphorl- 
ouis. id. II. an aOor, player: id. 

oantriXi Icis, /. [id.] a female 
musician, a songstress ; PL 

eantOflt Q>t m. [id.] tome, melody, 
tinging ; a song, a poem: cantus vocum 
et nervorum et tiblarum, Cic : lugubres 
cantus, Hor.: est autem in dioendo 
etiam quidam cantus obscurior, Cic 
|l. a prophecy, prediction (poet) : 
veridicos edere omtxis, Cat. |||. an 
incantation (poet.): Ov. (Hence Fr. 

eftnni* a> ^om, odQ. [v. caneo] vkite, 
hoary, gray (mostly poet): aqua, 
foamy, frothy, Ov. : nix, Lucr. Esp. of 
white OT gray hair: cano capite atque 
alba barba. PL Also, Subst cani, 
onm, m. plu. (sc capiUi), gray hairs : 
norfVani, non rugae repente auctoritatem 
arripere possunt Cic |l. He ton. 
and poet: old, aged, amdttd: soiectus. 

C&P&oItas. itls, /. [capox] a capa- 
bility of holding much, largeness, toomx- 
netf(rarc): dc 

C&paXt ft<^ a4j. [caplo] able to 
hold mvwh, wide, spaciom, roomy : 
mundns, Lucr. : conchae, Hor. : phare- 
tram, Ov. : urbs, id. With £m. : dbl 
Tinioue capadssimns. Liv. Fig.: De- 
mofltn^nes non semper implet aures 
meaa : Ita sunt avidae et capaces, Clo. 
IJ. Of the mind: able to grasp, 
capable, apt, fit for : capax ingnlum, 
great, capacious, Ov. With gen. : ani- 
mal mentis capadus altae, id. : Imperil, 

e&pMOt Ini^ /• [capis] a howl or 
cup usfd in sacrifices : Cic. 

e&pedvnolila. ««. /• dim. [capedo] 
a smcM bowl or dish used in sacrifices: 


e&peUftf »e. /. dim. [caper] a 
she- goat: dbtentae lacte capellae. 
Virg. As a woric of art : dc ||. 
a star in the oonsteUation Auriga 
(usu. called capra) : sidus pluviale 
capellae, Ov. 

O&per* prl, m. o he-goat, the goat: 
vir grefi* ipw caper, Virg. 

Oap«rOf *H atum, I. V. a. and n. 
[caperjT |. Act to wrintde, to con- 
tract : caperatum snperdlium. App. 
II. Neut to be tvrinkUd: ci^MTat 
ftxms severitudine, PI. 

O&pesso I^ (rarely, ii), Itom (Part, 
fut. ci4>es8i turns, Tac), 3. v. a. [capio : 
cf. aroesso] to seite, ocUch at eagerly, 
smatdi, lay hold of (rare): alia animalia 
dbum oris hiatu el dentibus ipsis ca- 
pcssunt Cic: capessere anna, Virg. 
II. Of relations of place : to strite 
to reach, to repair or resort to. With 
aoc.: Italiam. id. 8. With pron. 
reflect, and in or ad : quam magis te in 
altum capessis. tarn aestus te in portum 
refert PL Fig.: quam (fllins) se ad 
vitam praedpitem capessat, betake him- 
self to, id. III. Fig. : to take up, take 
in hand, or pursue with seal, to under- 
take, enter upon, execute, manage : iram, 
Liv. : Jussa, Virg. : capessere rempub- 
licam, to engage in puUic affairs (more 
fordble thui acoedere ad remp.X Cic : 
Liv. : magistratus. Tac : belliun, liv. : 
fiigam. to take tojlight. Id. : libertatem, 

e&pill&tOflf a> ton* Port, [capillor] 
having hair, hairy: adolescens bene 
capillatus. with a fine head of hair, Cic : 
(vinum^ c^Ulato dilRisum oonsule, L e. 
very old, made when it was the fashion 
to go unshorn, Juv. 

e&pUlllSt i M. (capiUnm, i, n. PI.) 
[caputjDie hair of the head, sometimes 
qf the beard (while crinis is any hair) : 
erant llli oompti o^iilli et madentes 
dndnnorum fimbriae, Cic : promissus. 
long, Caes. : Dionysius cultros metuens 
tonsorios, candente carbons sibi adure- 
bat capillum, Cic. 8. the hair of 
animaJs: cunicu1i,Cat 

C&pIOt cSP^ captum, j. v. a. (old 
form of the fut. perf. capso. PL OM 
orthog. of parf. cepetsxoeplt), to take, 
lay hold of, seite : arma, Cic : ensem, 
Ov. : dbum. to take, partake of, PI.: 
piguus capere togas, to take in pledge, 
id. Of abstract things: documeotum 
ex aliquo, Cic. : fbgam, to take tofiight, 
Caes.: consilium, to adopt a plan, id. 
II, to take by force, to capture, 
seise, occupy: oppMa, UL: classon, 
Nep. : patriam suam. Liv. : locum, SalL 
8. Fig.: of the bodily or mental 
powers (in the pau.): to be ir^ured, 
tmpairod, weakened, crcued, etc : pedi- 
bus. Liv. : oculis et anribus captus, Cic. : 
viroB velut mente capta cum Jactatlone 
fanatica corporis vatidnari, Uv. 8. 
Of the will: to captivate, mislead, se- 
duce, delude: te conjux allena capit 
Hor. : amore, Liv. : adulesoentium animi 
moUes et aetate fluxi dotk hand diffl- 
cnlter oapiebantur, SaU. 4. to cast 

in a suit, to convict: tu si me tnopodl- 
dtiae captas. non potescapere. PL n. 
to choose, elect: me «epere a ita llr um , 
Ter.: loca capere, Caes. Henoe of the 
election to pnesthoods : Cic So also of 
the choosing of places for reUg&oaa 
usages: ad Inanstirandum templa c»- 
piunt Liv. |V. Of things oocopjing 
space: to helUL,reGeive,wmprduMd^ con- 
tain : plenoB capit alveos amwt, Ov.: 
2num una domo jam c^ii noo poHtnt, 
ic 8. Fig- : to receive into the 

mind, to com p re he nd: quod mcnies 
eoram capere possent Liv. y , Nan- 
tlcal 1. 1. : to make a port, take <s cte- 
tUm, etc : insulam capere noo poCnc- 
tant, could net make the island^ Caes. 
Fig.: uttenere cursum posaint et ca- 
pere otii ilium portum et dignitatis, Ck;. 
8. On Land (unus. for cspesso) to 
fly to a place : omnes SaoBnitium copise 
montes proxlmos Itiga capiont, lA's. 
VI, to undertake, enter upon on 
o^ee or eaUing (for snsdpio or cs- 
pesso) : magtstratum, Liv. : modersmfais 
(naviti), Ov. Vll> to get, receive, gaim 
(of Income, taxes, etc.) : cs|^t iUe ex 
suis praediis sexcenta aestertia. ego 
oentena ex meis, Cic. : vectigal ex agio, 
Liv. : stipendium capere jure belli, Caes. 
Henoe, absoL to xnherit: si capieiHii 
jus nullum uxori. Juv. 8. Gen. of 
other thlmi^: to obtain, take, oasanne: 
coronam, Lakt. : consulatum, Cic : pa- 
trium animum virtutemque faptwinns, 
{e< tapui on, id. VIII. Of the feel- 
ings and passions: capio desiderlnm, 
satietatem, odium, etc., to feA, tuffer, 
enjoy: and conversely, denderimn. aa- 
tletas, odium me capit, to be s*%zed by • 
satletatem capere, PL So often in the 
formula, ne quid respubUca detrlmenti 
capiat Caes.: nos post reges exarkH 
servitntis oblivio oeperat Cic 

e&pU. Idia, /. on earthen vetsA sited 
tnsocrt^oet: Liy. 

eapiaso, ei^ ▼• capesso. 

e&PlStnuilf 1. f*. a haJUer, a mtcnls: 
Virg. Fig.: maritale capistrum. Juv. 
[From ca{^: cf. daustrum.] (Henoe 
It capestro ; Fr. chevHre.) 

e&p!Ul or 0&pltil« [c«pat]. Prop, 
n. ac^. [capltalis]. Hence, Subst a 
cc^pital crime: Cic 

e&pItUil, e. a*'. [Id.] pertaining 
to the head or to Ufe, mortal : capitals 

E' dum, peril of Vfe, PI. |L 

t. t : affeetiit^ a man*s eapmti 
' in the sense of Ufe or of sodsl 
positi<m : reus reram cspitalinm, Cic : 
capital! poena alBoere aliqoem. Suet 
III. Fig.: deadly, mortal, danger' 
ous: capitaUs Inimicus, a mortal enemy, 
PI. : hostis, a dangerous enemy, GSc : 
odium, <isadly hatred, id. |V. pre- 
eminent, distinguished (rare) : oapitale 
vocamus ingeninm sollen, Ov. 

e&plto. boiB, m. [id.] a big-headed 
pmoi^: Cic [cf. fkonto, naso.] 

e&pItOHali orum, m. plu. the super- 
intendents cf the Caj^Mint pomet (v. 
Smith's Ant 241) : Cic 
(ApItSUnm, »• «>. TLoMvrmhMo [ » 




fHilhilnni, ttcm capatl (A« Capitol at 
Ame: lir. U. Tnnat: the cUaddB 
tfetker towmt : Soet. 

dipItftl&tiXL adv. [capttnlam] by 
IttmJM, tummarify (very rare) : Nep. 

eiMtfthlB^JU A. dim, [capttt3 a 
OTott keadTrL Faoetiotuly for a 
mam: id. !!• ^ urchitecture : the 
eapital of a oofunm : Plio. 8. tht 
mpital if a iriatn>h : Vltr. ||l. In 
Uie lat.: a dMptert teetUmt Ten. 
(Hoce IL capitoh: Fr. cAoptire.) 

Myrm, M* /. [oaperl a tkfe-goat: 
CkL : fien ;s caprea, Virg. ||. a 

tr^ Har in tht e<mtteuali4m Atari' 
ff •' Bo*'* III. (A« m<li of the arm' 
pitt: U. (Hence It. copriccio; Fr. 

atprtm, •«, /. [c»P«l « rodmek: 
FIfai.: a leilci «ft0^<iai : Vti^ Prov.: 
ito^ett catnmM Inpto (of aomething 

Ctvrifilut, 1, ». a Hfui o/ wOd 
pmt, rham ois, roebttek : Vlig. ||. Ca- 
pnott. In mecbanks: tupporti, props. 

etniooniut, l» "»t Ccapw coronj 
ca^rkwni, or tkt g oa t m om , a tign ^ 
l^todiae: CIc 

^Cavri-fieilg, t /. [caper flcoa: Ut. 
Uepmt^g^ m we say dog-roaea, «to. J 
aemU;^Hree.M« 100(1 ji^: caprifid 
eUae aqmlcria. Hor. Poet. foriom«- 
&ta§ Mtrampe^foreign : Pen. 

CtntMnilS* •» om. 04^. [caper gen, 
Hfgao] goat-born, goat^beooUmt <f the 
gmt hmd (poet.): cq^noenmn bomi> 
mm pnna, PL Snbau jnm. caprigeni, 
MaKcapciae: caprtgennm ( » capdge- 
nonn or Hrvm): c^nigenvm peoua, 

CtptimnlgVSt i. «»• [c«P<^ mnlgeo] 
a §mt wdUtt , poet, for eotmtrjfwtan : 

etpilatti, •. ^an, a/fj. [caper] prr- 
te^w^ to poota: pelUa. CIc Pror.: 
dekaacaprina rUari, to eomtmd about 

CMrI-p68. P4^<U^. <Mi}. [caper peal 
fwd/anTarf. a poet, epitfapt of niral 
Mtlea: t ap r ip tMlea SatyH. Hor. 

CAMft. ae. jr. a repoeitorg, ch^st, boa, 
«p. lor booka ; Hor. (v. Smith'a Ant. 
7o> (Hence It. eaaaa; Fr.oatMe.) 

CtMlliiiB, ti *»• [opn] a <Ia«e 
«fe ipok oora 0f tte capaae. ttt wkieh 
^Mb rere Icrpf, OMd eorried lAote </ 
**•**•)».• Soet. 

tiplO. iB» H, ete^ ▼. csplo. 

eutttU, •*. / ««"^ [««P«] « 
^»ahomorckejt: Cat. 

•nptitio, ama./. [captol a reaekiitg 
g«r er eafafcJiy at (rare) : capUtk) 
vtrfaonnn, Cfc. 

etptitor. Ma, m, [td.1 one uAo 
■fu|f reocAef or «<irive« a/ter (rare) : 
yy pcpolart^ htr. Eap. a legacy 

Otptto. Onto,/, [caplo^ a taXn'ftp or 
•*^: Cell. Flic: a dtetiving, dt' 
*2*j«««, AnaiaJ: d in parvnla re cap- 
5* •«|nM Terepep^ Cfc. 2. "» 
"■^ rt ka: a /aOaey, a aofiAtoii: tap. 

tiones dtocatere, Id. ||. Me ton.: an 
^Ji*nf> <> ^'ucuiraiiiajTe : PI. 

Oai^5l§» 0^^' captiously, intidi' 
ousfjf : capQoae interrogare, Ck. 

eaptUinUt a, am, a2y. [captio] faU 
Uicious, deoq>tive: Kocietaa captlosa, 
Cia 2. captious, sophistical: cap- 
tloaa probabilitaa, id. Hup.ii. Absol.: 
captlosa, sophisms, id. ||. dangerous, 
hur{fid : quam captioeam est populo ! 

eaptiimdila, ae. /. dim. [id.] o 
guirk, quibble, sophism : Cic 

OaptlvItaSf »ti«. /. [capUvus] a 
state of bondage^ eaptitnty: Tac. Of 
coontrfes, towns, etc. : a taking, cap- 
ture : urfoiom, id. Also in plu. : id. 

eaptlTUS. a. am. a^j. [captus, capiol 
cauf^t tcUcen prisoner (esp. in war) 
nso. aa Subst. a prisoner, captive: 
diotius aenritutem perpessi qnam crativi 
fhigi et diligentes solent, Cic. In/em. : 
tristia capuva, Ov. ||. Adj.: per- 
taining or belonging to prisoners : san- 
guis, Virg. Of animals: caught or 
taken : pisces. Ov. : ferae, id. 8. (^ 
things : captured in war, taken as booty : 
captirae naves, Caea.: awtivum ebnr, 
captiva Corinthua, Hor. Fig. : estiva 
mens. Ov. (Hence It. cattivo; Fr. 
^^f, - wretched, mean ;" £ng. oat- 


MtptOi a^ atom, i. r. a. freq. [ca- 
pioj to ootofc at frequently or eagerly, 
snatchy pursue, endMvour to catch, etc. : 
Tantalus a labrls sitiens fiigientia cap> 
totflomina, Hor. ||. Fig.: to strive 
qfber, desire earnestly, seek to obtain, 
etc. : sermonem, to listen to, PI.: aasen- 
sionem alictOos. Cic : pUuigns, to coret. 
id. : miaerioordiam, id. With Inf. or 
clause as ot^Ject: prendi et prendere 
captans, Ov. |||, to Ue in «rai< for, 
to seek to entrap, entice, etc : mamium 
hoc vltium vino est, pedes ci^tat pri- 
mnm, PL. : quid ad ilium qui te captare 
Tult, utmm tacentem irretiat te an 
loqnentem? Qc Hence f^, to hunt 
for legacies: teatamenta senmn, Hor. 
(Hence from ad<aptare. It. acecUare; 
Fr. aeheter.) 

eaptflra* ••»/. [W-J « taking, catek" 
ing (<^ animals): Plin. ||. Me> 
ton.: that which is taken^ quarry, 
drmight offices, etc. : Soet. 8. low 
or unmoral gain, pay, ^. : id. 

Captntt a* 11m, Fart, [caplo]. 

eaptott tto. m. [capk>T a taking, 
seising; that whiA is taken: trium 
digitorum captu, as mudi as one can 
grasp with three JLngers, a pinch, Plin. 
II. Fig.: power of eom p re h msion, 
capacity, grasp of wind : d vitaa ampla 
atque norens, at captoa est Qennano- 
rnm, according to German notions, 
Oses. : prodentet, uf ^t captus bomi* 
nam. Cfc. 

O&ptU&riSi ^o4}- [capalnB]i)ertat'fi- 
ingto a wmn: capularis liomo, near 
the grave, p£ 

Capftlns, i> M. [capio] the handU of 
anything : aratrl, Ov. Esp. the hilt qf 
a tvord : Ck. : capulo tenaa abdidit en- 

sem, Virg. I|. a coffin, bier: ire aii 
capulum, to goto the grave, Lucr. \\\, 
copulum, a haUer for fastening eaUU . 
(Hence ftom meaning ui.: iLeappio: 
Fr. edbU; Eng.oo^^g 

O&pftt, Itto* n. the head, of men and 
animals. Proverb. : ncc caput nee 
pedes, neither head nor tail, i. e.nett^" 
beginning nor end, Ctc. ||. Transl : 
the head, top, point, end, extremity 
(beginning or end) ff anything: ca- 
pita summa papaveris, liv. : tlgnorom, 
Caes. Of rivers : their source (head) : 
Liv.: alao (more rar.) the mouth, em- 
bouchure: Caes. Fig.: si quid sino 
capite manabit, Cic Of planta, some- 
times the root : vitls, Cato : also vuie- 
branehes:Oic )||. Meton.: a«uin 
or animal: ridiculum caput! Ter. : ca- 
non, Virg.: libenmi,Clc.: quotciH;>itxmi 
vivunt, totidem studiorum millia, Hor. 
So, in capita, to or for eoA person, Liv. 
Of animals: sua triginta oapittmi fetus 
enlxa, Virg. |V. Fig.: physical 

Itfe: capitis pericultun adire, to risk: 
one's life, Ter. : capite suo dimicare, to 
Jlghtfor one^s i</<, liv. : capitis poeui, 
capital punishment. Caea. : catrftis ac- 
cusare, to oociise of a capital crime, 
Nep. 2. c»otT or political life, 

ace to the Boman idea, indoding the 
rifi^ts of liberty, dtisenship, and family 
(libertatls. dvitatis, famillae): its loss 
or deprivation waa called deminutlo oy 
minutio capitis, and might be either 
maxima, media, minima (v. Smith's 
Ant. 71): CIc: Liv. 8. PoeU: the 
head, as the seat of the understanding, 
the judgment, sense: trlbus Anticyris 
caput tnsnnabile, Hor. 4. the leader 
qf^ anything, the chitf person or thing: 
caput scelerum, an arch knatfe, PI. : 
Ulic eat huic rd caput, author, con^ 
triver, Ter. : caput est omnium Qroeco- 
rum ooodtandorum HeracUdes, Cic: 
capita nominis liStini, the heads, chuffs, 
Liv. The predicate is gen. mate. : ca- 
pita c<»\)urationis cjtis viigis caesi ac 
securi percuss!, id. 5. Of things : Jus 
nigrum, quod coenae caput erat, the 
principal dish, Ck. : caimt literarum, 
summary, chief contents, id.: caput 
Epicnrl, the fundamental principle, 
dngwta. Id. : rennn, the chief or cential 
point, head, id. : Roinam, orpis terrarum 
caput, Liv. : so in writings : the princi- 
pal clause or division, hmding, auipttr, 
etc : a priroo capite legis usauo ad ex- 
tremom, Cic Of money : tke princim 
pal, the capital, on whi^ interest was 
paid : quinaa Uc capitl meroedea exito- 
cat, Hor. Of any total: demit de capi'*} 
mrdimna DC, Cic (Hence It. capn; 
Fr. chtf; Eng. ehirf: also Fr. achever,^ 
since caput in the Romance languafrs 
signified the end, as well aa the begin-, 
ning. of a thing.) 

earbMof, a. um, a<(f. [carbasua] 
qf or made of carbasus : vela, Cic. 

oarb&SUfi L /• very Jtne Spanish 
flax: Plin. ||. Meton. : things made 
of it; a linen garment: Vira. 2. <> 
sail: timildoque tntUtur carbasus auar 



tro, Id. 8. A curtain or anmimff: 

earbOf tal>i *•• o p<«oe o/ hwming 
or duirrtd tuiod. ckareoal, evMen : Ter. 
Of glowing cotui: qnl urod carbonet 
aaiklfent, •nqper calent, PI. : Ctc ||. 
Fig. and poet.: laniatcreu an car- 
booenotandif to be fnarMl with Waek 
or kMU, L t, ai good or badf Hor. 
ProT. forcamethingiiniiDportaDt: car- 
txmem mo theaauro inveniTe, Fha«lr. 
(Henoe Fr. cAorbon.) 

earbOnftxliu, •• nm. <^' [oarbo] 
pertaining to ekareooL Snbtt. : Car- 
WMoiifaa, U.m. a coUitr, a charcoal' 
maker: PL 

earlnmolUiii* <. ^ dim. [fcL] a 

tmaU coaL Fig. : ambaret mlaero el 
corcolam caiboncaliu, PL ||. a rtdr 
ditk^bri^kind^prwiimM stone :VUn. 
(Heuca Fr. etoarbimele,) 

OarotTt ^iria, m. Oft tncUmere: hence, 
apruon, ^ail: ad iUioa poenam career 
aedificatoa eaae videtur, Cic.: the priton 
at Borne, part of which iraa called Tul- 
liamim: Liv. (v. Smith'a Ant. 72). 
Fig.: qui ex corponim Tinmlia tan- 
nam e carcere evolaverant, Cic ||. 

eton.: thecriminala coi^ned: in me 
carrerem efftedistla, you woe emptied 
the priaon on me, id. Aa a term of 
reproach : jaO^bird : Ter. |||. the 
barrier or Harting pktee in the circtu 
(opp. to meta or calx, the Roal: t. 
»nith'8 Ant. 88) : nnmtqne efnul car- 
cere comw, Virg.: nso. in pher.: qui 
vlx e caroeribna exierit qaom palmam 
jam primna acoeperit, Cic. Fig.: the 
commencement <^ a couroe <ff action, 
etc : ad caroerea a caloe revocarl, to be- 
gin l^e anew, id. 

OaroirftrlllSi a, om, o^f. [career] 
pertaining to a priton : carcerarlua 
qaaeataa,Ja<l/Bev, j)rq/U<, etc, PI. 

oarohSnnnii u. «.=-KopviKnor, a 

beaker or eiip MUghtljf contraded in the 
middle : Vbg. <v. Smith'a Ant. 72). 
U. the timiiarl]f-/ormed upper part 
iff a matt: lAican. 

Oanflnfiiiuu fttia, n,miiMpKitmita, a 
eancerout ulcer (pare Lat. cancer). 
Fig.: of wicked peraooa and hopeleaa 
reprobates: SoeC 

Card&oeii nm. m. pUtr, a ctatt of 
Perrian teUUeri: Nep. 

OardlitfOft «• vm, a4li.ssicap6iajt6t, 
pe rtai ni n g UP the ttomach: cardiacna 
morbna. xndigettion^ heart b ur n , Cela. 
Henoe sabat* canUacoa, U m. one tcho 
hat a diteate of the ttowiadi : Cic 

MtrdOf Inl>> **• ^< hinge of a door : 
T^oe poatea a cardine, Virg. I|. 
Fig.: that on which aU dependt, the 
chirf point or etfrewawtence; hand tanto 
ceaubit cardine rermn. id. 

eardanit i* m^ fAe thittle: Virg. 
(Henoe Fr. cAardon.) 

eftrit fxif . at a high price (rare) : 
Suet. II. clearly, highly: carioaaeati- 
mata. Plane in Cic 

OlLreetimi* l* **• C^^^'^^l ^ plan co- 
vered Hitk ndge : tn poet carecta lAte- 
boa. Virg. 


eireo* vL Itmn. t. «. «. (prea. mOg. 
carinisscanwnt, PI.: patt.: carendua, 
Ov.) oonatr. with JJbL ; in earlier poeU 
alao with Gen, or Aee.: to be without, 
not to have: oarero culpa, Ter. : dulore, 
Cic Alaok to be aJbtent from: forenai 
Inoe, id.: Ubena patxia carere, TAc. 
2. Of inanimate ol^jeeta : haec dno 
temnora oarent crimine, Cic ||. to 
be aeatxttite </, to want : commodia 
omnibus, id. : tall monere, Virg. : virone 
mlhi dempto fine carendua ibest. Or. 
With Ocn.: tul carendum quod erat, 
Ter. With Ace: quia Id quod amo 
careo, PI. 

eSreZi ^^A Thia plant la qwken 
of aa acuta bj Virg., and it would ap- 
pear to be some kind of rutK not a 
tedge : fhmdibua hlrsutia et caike paa- 
tna acuta, Virg. 

eirioa, ae (ac flona\ [Carta] a kimd 
of orgfg : Cic : alao for dried fgt, in 
gen.: Uv. 

e&rlei« em, e (otha* caaea appear 
not to be in uaeX /. rottennett, de- 
cay : vertitur in teneram oariem, rimia- 
que dddsdt cymba, Ov. 

O&rlnat ae,/. Me bottom of a Aip, 
the keel: carinae aliquanto planiorea. 
quo fiaclUua vada exdpere posaent, Caea. 
U. Meton. and poet. : a ship or 
vettd: statio male fida carlnia, Ylrg. 
(Hence Fr. oor^e, and the Eng. verb to 

Inftllns. 11, m. [$Mp6tsmKtip6tt 
a dyer o^yeUmo I PL 
IdfiUt ■* *i°^ ^'^f' [cartea] decay* 
ed, rotten: dentea, PUn. ||. Fig.: 
carioea aenectus, Ov. 

Oirltaft ktiM, f. [caiua] deamett, 
tearcity, high price, or Tome: caritaa 
annonae. Cux Alao abaoL : dearth, 
deameu: qua ex re primum caritaa 
nau eat, defaide Inopia, Id. ||. Fig. : 
h^h repard, respect, love aeeompttnied 
vnth esUem : Ingenita erga patriam ca- 
ritaa, Liv. The sulidolned Gen. usually 
denotea the olid^ct: loee for: patriae 
et snorum, Cic: reipoblicae, liv. In 
pUu: affeetumt: omnee omnium cari- 
tatea patria una complexa eat, dc. 
But sometimes the Gen.denotea the sub- 
ject: the love cf anyone: credo voanon 
pecuniam, non opes vlolentaa, acd cari- 
tatem dvinm et glorlam concoptase, the 
affection of the cititent, id. (Hence 
Ft. cherti, deamees ; chariti.) 

Oftnnen. tnia, n. (old form caamen) 
a tunc, tong, ttrain, DOth vocal and in- 
stmmental (mostly poet, for cantua): 
carmine vocall clarxia dtharaque Phil- 
ammon, Ov.: dtharae liquidum car- 
men. Lucr. II. a poem, poetry, verte : 
poetam grave plenumqne carmen tan- 
dere. Cic: Illacum, Hor. Sometimee 
absoL for lyric poetry: carmine tu 
gaudee, blc delectatur lambis, id. And 
opp. to the drama for an epic or lyric 
poem: deduoere ad ana tempera, Ov. 
For a bo<A or canto : in primo carmine. 
Lucr. HI. a reeponte of an oracle, 
a prophecy, prediction : ultima Cumael 
venit Jam cannhds astaa, Virg. |V. 



a magic formuXa, an incantation: Mr 
Ubroa carmtaram valentium, Hor. y* 
a formula in religion or Imp, a for mm 
lory (since the laws *were aodnttly 
written in verse) : cradatua oaralia, 
Cic: lex hoi'i eu dl oaradnia erst, if 
terrible import, Uv. (Henoe Ft. 
charme, charmer.} 

Ottm&rlimi. U. n, a jle ekhoe k : PL 
9. a larder, pamtry : id. 

OanXfiBX. Ida, m. (old fonn, oamn- 
fisx) \ttko Ado] an eaMOUtioKer, tor- 
turer jiangman: aderat Janitor oaiveris, 
cainlfex prsetorts, mors tenorqne sodo- 
rom. Cic : rapere ad camioiDem, PL 
Fig.: a tormentor, murderer: meoa 
oaraifpx, Ter. Aa a tenn of reproach, 
tooundrel, villain: Cic 

oniTffoTnai m, /. [canifexl the 
office iff hangman: famittdnam fson« 

camifioem eaae, PL U, the pbue 
cf tortwrt: Liv. Hcnoe^ meton.: tike 
rack, torture, torment: oaraifldDBm 
BuUre, to SM^er M« iorfMre, Ck. Fig.: 
camifldna eat aegritndo. Id. 

OarnlflOQi *tus, i. v. a. [id.] to ea^ 
oute, behead: camiflcari Qmea) jw 
oentea, to cut in pieeet, mangle, Liv. 

eiro, ui. I. v.a. [intpM, naipm'] to 
oeu^ (extremely rare) : PL 

eiro* camis, /. Jleth : Oc : lade «t 
came vlvere, Caea. In plu.: caniea 
vlpereae,Ov. 8. Fig. : of diacoaraa: 
Quint. 8. In contempt: iatlQs p»> 
cndis'ao putldae oamia oooalllam,^. 
(Henoe Fr. cAotr.) 

eftrpe&tOllli U n. a t w owkt ef oi 
carriage or dutriot, cap. need by womm 
on featal oocaalona (v. Smith'a Ant. 71): 
oarpentotaigrBdlCH>itolium,Tac: Ou- 

ovrpo. pel. ptum. 3' v.a. to pick, 
pluck, pluck off, crep,oatker: doraa 
ab artxve, Ov. : roaam, Vliig. R. OC 
animals: (opniaeoi»,bwic<se,etc:Clc: 
carpunt gnanen eqni, Virg. Poet, of 
vary: somma oacomlna carplt, Ov. 
Sometimes Uansf. to men : carps dboa 
digiii«,id. S. Po«t. of other thtasi: 
to tear off, tear away: summas oaipena 
media inter comna aetaa. Vin. Of 
wool: toplude: v^lcra. Id. Henoe: 
to tpin: penaum, id. ||. Fig.: to 
pick, gather: omom undiqoe floaooloa 
corpam, Cic 2. to take, et^joy, ute, 
mtOte ute qf: diem, Hor.: aomnoe suh 
dio,VlTg. S. InAbadaenae: to^ic* 
or oat7> at. to slander, calumniatet 
Sablnua militum vodbua carpiitetQr, 
Caea. : allqoem sermonibus, Uv. 4. 
to %oeaken, enfeeble, wear cneov, een- 
sumte: virea. Virg.: Uvldaa obUvionei; 
Hor. In milit. ung.: to weaken an 
enemy, to harau: agmen advenario* 
rum, Caea. : novtastmoa, Uv. 5. to 
teparato tnto parts, to cut to pieeet, 
d*oide: saepe carpenda membrta ml- 
notloribos oratio est, Ck.: in mnltas 

Grvasque partea oarpere exetdtnm, 
V. 6. *o ^l^ ^P"^ a ioumey^ 
pass over, navigeUe, to take or pursue 
one's way (poet): vlam, VliTpc: iter, 
Hor. Bupremum iter^mrri, id. gj» 




nn, to go im a drek, Vlrg. (Hence 
iLmrfia; F^. dUirp<«. « lint.") 

fl r yt j iff , adv. bfpieceSt bjfdda^ed 
ftrtM, ttfOtraU^i re* gestaa caxptlm 
ptnofbexe. Salt 2. a< differmt 
dBtcgnBdi,LlT. ^ at differmt timet, 
gradmaUjf, teparatelg: dtedasi auptlm 
ic MngnU, Tac 

tffvtd: Juy. 

MITftCA. •«» /. rcamu] a mrri of 
mm nAniuif ImveUuiir earrumFe : Soet. 
ybon It. earracsa; Fr. camtMW; 
ta^ carriofft.} 

euriMy 1, m. a J(:£nd pf/ovr^tekeded 
vaggom or ear : Caes.: Uv. 
. ttnDWftlAiM, / dm. [caro] a 

fllroi, a, urn, <K|y'. dear, cotttjf, 1i4gh 
frietd: carloraD]iona,Clc.: caiinlmam 
■BWMnn necopinata Tllltaa conaecnta 
cat, id. U. Fig.: dear, prtdou*, 

rm im td , ateemtd, Uned: bomiiMa mihi 
oMtefaoiet amlrilaaiini, my dearett and 
lat/riemia,U. Sabat.cari,<A«toeed 
OKt : PL (Henoe Fr. dur.) 

fliaa* M^ /• a i^> coUoffet cabin: 
h wSUL iang. a barrade, tent, etc : 
la caaaa, qoaa more OalUoo stramentia 
tectae, were ihatched with «fnno, 
Proverb. : ita praeter 
1, cbeerpe a jutt mecUttm^ Ter. 
(Haaee Fr. ^ee; and eaeeme, lilro 
euunn fnm csra.) 

tltfBt a, mn, acf;. otd, primitive : 
aSabtoaorOacanword: CIc 
.ftaiOBflf i. »• [caaena] a matt 
cftiCM: Vlrs. 

Ins, i, m. €kee$e: miOor pon 
tojacta at caaao et came ooo- 
premerc^Vlif. (Henoe It. 
eaeii^asid«ae: tbe Oer. Xr^fie la 
alaaprob. a derived word.) 
tUSm Ooare rar. etadaX ^^f-^ 
or muffv<atafragr^uU,thruMike 

*»»•» Virg. 

I. V. ». wtogi. [cado] to be 
readyio/afl; totoOer (veryrare): PL 
■§, adv. fruiliesily, in vain: 
na tempoa tereretur, liv. 

, tern (fai aing. oM. caase, Or.}, 
m. fin. a km ntin ff-m e t, a tmare, tail 
(peat.): deddere In caaeea. Ov. He- 
t«a.: a tpidef't wdt: Vlrg. Fig.: 
,pioU: Tib. [Perfa. either from 
aa Ger. /oOe (a tr^) ; or frnn 



\m Effiaean worf) a A^inw^ (P^P* 'J^ 
«Mla]^ «1dle galea waa <rf kather): Gees, 
fli^lliiiii ayDOOTmona with galea: Ov. 
CiHilt K OL net, v. caaaea. 

c«v«jatf^r(iDoatlT poet.) : coaaa nnz. 
Bar. M. Wh h oM. or gm, : wanting, 
dnvU efTdeprived of (poet.): Imnine 

, dtpHvoi qf Wi, dead, Vlrg.; 

bBBinteeD^CIc 10. Fig.: 
wnikkee, /rvitUa : 

amn qniddam et inani vods sono deco- 
ratmn, id.: caaaa formldo, unfounded, 
Lucr. Subat. : casaa memorare, to 
talk idly, ¥1. In casamn, or in <Hie 
word incaaamn, adv. in vain, uMUuVy, 
to no pwrpote: temere, fncaaaum, with- 
out aim or purpoie, fortuitously, Locr. 
rana incaaamn jactare tela, Liv. 

Oastftnfof ae,/.s«a9Tayoy, the dieet- 
nut-tne : Plbi. ||. a eheetnut : Virg. 

eaftSi odv. purity, without itain, 
upriahtiy: caste et tntegre Wvere^ Cic 
n,cheutely,mode$tly: toeamtupqiie, 
at adultam virginem caate et ab ama* 
tonnn Impeta pmhfbeamna, id. |||. 
punuly, devoutly: pure ac caate tribaere 
deorum nmnini, id. 

OavtallinnSt *• v°i> ^- Ccaatellum] 
pertaining to a oatUe or fortrete : cas- 
teUani trfnmphl, for the capture qf a 
cattle, Cic l|. Subat: caatellani, 
ormn, m. plw. Vu occupants of a castle, 
the garrison : SalL (Hence Fr. cAdto* 

Cftft^ll^tinii <^^' [i^] ccutU'Wise: 
diaaipatl, scattered about in different 
fortresses, Liv. 

eastellimi. i. »«. dim. [caatrum] a 
casUe,foH, cttadd, strong^hoU: Caea. 
11. Fig.: ihelter, dtfence, refuge: 
caateUom omnlom acelennn, Liv. HI. 
Me ton. : dwetUngs in an elevated po' 
sUiont Vlrg. (Hence Fr. ehdteau, and 
old FV. chdtel, aa in Neuf-chdtel.) 

OMtSrIa, t^f' a paH of a skip, 
where rowers were accustomed to rest : 

caatlgftbHilt e> a^S- [castigo] de- 
serving punishment : Pi. 

caatfgfttlO. tola, /. [id.] a cor* 
reeting, chastising, punuhment, re* 
proof, etc : omnia et aninudveniio et 
caatwatlo contomelia vacare debet, Cic 
In pm, : Liv. 

Cattlgfttor* 6ria, m. [id.] one who 
corrects or chastises, a corrector, re- 
prover: minonun, Hor. 

•attlgfttatt «. nm. PaH. [caatigol 
oon^ned; compreued. ||. A^. : swum, 
slmder, close: pectna, Ov. 

eatOMOt <^^i atum, i. v. a. lit to 
make aum, to cleanse: hence, to cor- 
rect, chastise, punith, reprove, censure : 
caatigare pneroe verbla, verberibua, Cic 
Pompctoa aegniorea caatigat Caea. 
f I. to correct an error, to set right, 
w%end: carmen, Hor. |j|. to hold in 
check, to rttn in, to restrain (rare): 
eqnum tenacem non parentem frenla 
aaperloribna caatigare, Liv. Fig.: eza- 
men in tmtinA, to correct the Judgment, 
Pera. [From casttu, prob. through an ob> 
aoleteadLccMt^^: v. caatua.] (Hence 
Fr. chatter.) 

oaftXmdnXa* ae. /. [caatua] vurity, 
<^astity, abstinence (esp. of the mi- 
nistera of religion) (rare) : per aummam 
caattmoniam vlrorum ac mnliennn, 
Cic: deoem dierun caatimonia, Liv. 
II. purity t(f morals, morality, in 
gen.: Cic 

eaitittat. fttis,/. [id.] chastity, pu- 
rity qf body: nt aenUant muUerea na- 
Q a 

tnram feminarum nnncm caatitatem 

OastOTt Mb, m. xs Kotrntp, a castor, 
beaver: pure Lat fiber: ooe. caatora, 

out9rSnm> eL n, [caatDr]sKa(rT^ 
pcoK, the aromatic secretion obtained 
from the beaver. In plur.: Virg. 

Oastra) orum, v. caatrum. 

CattrenfiSi e, o^f. [caatra] pertain* 
tfia to the camp: caatrenaia ratio et 

oaatro* a^L atum, i. «. a. [ccmnected 
with caedo] to cut, castrate : caatrare 
marea vtftQlt, Sqet 

Oaftnim» i>n. |. In aing.: any 
fortified place, a came, fort, fortreet 
(rare for caatellum) ; d Grunlum dcde< 
rat in PhrTgia caatrum, Nep. More 
usual aa nom. prop.: aa, Caatrum Tru»> 
entinum. Pomp, in Cic H. In p I ur. : 
caatra, orum, n. a military camp, an 
encampment (for an account of ita con> 
atruction, Uc, v. Smith's Ant 71 vj.) : 
noe ad portaa caatra habcmtw, Cic. : po* 
nere, Caea.: munlre, id,: cinnmnnire, 
Liv. : habere caatra, to encamp, Caes. : 
caatra movere, to breol; up, id. : castra 
stativa, a permanent camp, Cic. : aes- 
dva, summer camp. Suet : hibema, 
Liv.: caatra navalia, a navcd station ^ 
Caea,: nautica (CAa aome), Nep. : castra 
Praetorianorum, the barracks of the 
Praetorians in the miburbi of Borne, 
Suet : Tac Aa nom, prop. Uke caa* 
trum, Caatra Cornelia, or ComeUana, 
etc Caea. 2. Meton. : a daj^s 
martk: secundis caatria pervenlt ad 
IHum, Liv. 8. milt'tary lervjce : qui 
magnum in caatria usum habebant Caea. 
4. Fig.: of philoeophical sects: 
Epicuri caatra, Cic [Either connected 
with COM, or perh.fTom codo, in the 
aenae of "settling down:" so Germ. 
lager, '* a camp," from Uegen, " to lie."J 

castnSt s> um, ac{;. Lit : clean : in 
gen., morally pure, unpolluted, tpotleu, 
guiltiest, etc.: decet noe ease a culpa 
caatas, PI. : populua firugi castusque 
vererundusque, Hor. Of things: res 
familiarla caata a cruore dviU, Cic: 
slgna, tt|^n«, indications of innocence, 
Ov. II. 6odt{yp«ir<, (kann, continent t 
Minerva, Hor. Of inanimate things: 
Veneris connubia, Locr.: vultns, Ov, 
III. pio«<> rdigUms, holy, taard: 
ego qui caatam contitmem. sanctum 
campum defendo, Cic Of inanimate 
thinga: hand aatia caatum donum deo, 
id. [Root CAS.] (Hence Fr. cAotfe.) 

e&gflla* «e. /. dtm. [casa] a little 
cottage or hut, a smaM ho%ae: Juv. 

eftsiu* ^1 w. [cado] a falling, a 
faU, an overthrow : stllUddl, Lucr. : 
nivis, liv. In plur. : Lucr. ||. Fig. 
Of time : the end : extremae sub casum 
biemia, Virg. 2. a moral faU, a false 
step, an error : Cic 8. i^at which 
happens unexpectedly, an event, occiV 
deni, eftanoe: hie quantum in bello 
fortuna poesit et quantoa afloat casua, 
cof^Kisd potuit Caea. : itur ad caanm 
tabulae* to the hasard table, Jov. 




Hence curu is used In the senM of 
danger, pteril : aoae res magnum habet 
casom. Clc d. In Abl adverUAlly : 
bydianee^ by accidtnt: slve cosa sive 
oonsilio deorum, Caes. 4. on occa- 
tion, opportunity: ant vi aot doUs ae 
eaium vtctoriao invenUirun. SaU. 6. 
an advene event, a mirfortune, mishap : 
meom Ilium casnm tarn borribilon, Cic 
b. EuphemUt. for death: Qraccbo- 
rum casus, Caes. 6. Casus is some- 
times used by Caesar in a sense uppa* 
'Tently equivalent to our state, am- 
dititm (usually a had one^ : siU prae- 
stare, si in eum casum dedncerentur, 
fpiamvis fortunam a P. R. pati, quam ab 
uis per cmdainm interHci. id. 7. 
grnmm. 1. 1. : a case : casus rectus, <A« 
tiomtno/t'tN;, Cic. 

roythAintiko^, teroing for ridicule, a 
banterer,ieerer : a pun on the name of 
the ttarasite Oelasimus, PI. 

O&t&OlItQBi U *M> o** effeminate per- 
ton, catamite (aooitum masc) : Cic 

O&t&pbraOttaf m. ».=«aTa^p<umK. 
a coat of $cale*armour : Tac. 

e&t&phraotaif «. am, adjf.TszKari- 
^poiCToc, matted, mail-ckui (pure Latin, 
loricatus^: lir. 

0&t&pllif» ^ ^- ^= KaranKow, the 
arrival of a ship: hence Me ton.: a 
thipoTjieet that arrives: Cic. 

O&t&Pldta. »e,/.=o KarawihT^, an 
engine qf vnr for throwing arrows, 
ianees, eUu, a catapult (v. i^nith's Ant. 
;8i): Vitr. ||. Meton.: amissile: 

O&tjI^llltftrlllSi ^ aiQt och*. Tcata- 
mltSL} pertaining to a eatapuU, thrown 
hjfit: cat^Miltartum pllum, PL 

e&tftraota (al*> catarracu), ae, /. = 
6 tcarapfiojtrrfi or KarofMucriff : a water' 
fall; esp. thai qf the Nik: novissimo 
catarracte, PUn. 11. a portcullis: 

e&t&raotrlftt it, f, a word cot'ned 
to designate a kind ^ spice s H. 

e&tl« <x't'o wr^ccly* sagaciously; skU- 
/uUy, dexterously: PL 

0&teia« M*/* L* 0^ra>. word] a kind 
cf missile weapon : Virg. 

e&tena* m, /. dim. £cat«na] a little 
chain : Liv. : Hor. 

e&telllUt U M- d<m. [catalus] a UUle 
dog, puppy, whelp : Cic As a term of 
endearment: Hor. 

eUteUns* U m. dim. (tor the more 
fommon form catella) [oalcna] o tnuiU 
chain : PL (Hence Fr. cadeau.) 

e&tSna* m. /. a chain, a fetter : in 
critenas oo^Jice^e, Caes.: catenas iojicere 
alicul, Cic n> o t^ries of things eon- 
meeted together, a chain (Poet): 
/*ucr. . \\\,'Pi^.: a harrier, restraint, 
bond : Cic (Hence Fr. chained 

O&tinAtllfl* a* um. Part, fcateno] 
hound with a chain, chained, fettered : 
catenatus Janitor, Ov. Fig.: versos 
fx pluribus syllabis catenates, connected 
as by a chain. Quint. 

e&teXTa« •«•/• o croird, a band pf 
men : Postumlus ohvimn cum bena 


magna caterva sua venit,Cic. : Juvenum, 
Hor. II. MiUt. 1. 1. a body of sol- 
diers, a troop, company; esp. of barba- 
Tion naticms, in opp. to the Roman le- 
glont: ne virllis cultus in caedem et 
Lydas proriperet catervas, Hor. |||. 
a company or troop of actors (usu. 
grex): PI. ly. Of animals (very 
rare): peoudum, Lucr.: avium, a,/lodb, 

Oatery&zIllS. ». nm. a^. [caterva] 
pertaining to a crowd or troop : cater> 
varU pugiles, Jiy^na in bands, Suet. 

0&terv&tim> odo. L*d.] in companies, 
in troops: non ade, neque ullo more 
proeliL sed catervatim, in disordered 
masses. Sail. 

eUtllSdrat •^^f.^KoBOpa, a chair, 
esp. one furnished with duhions and 
supports, an arm-chair, easychair : 
disdpularnm Inter Jnbeo plorare cathe- 
dras, Hor. : also, a sedcm-chair : Juv. 
(v. Pith's Ant. 76). Hence, meton.: 
cathedrae molles, effeminate women, id. 
IjL a teacher's or professor's chair : 
id. (Hence Fr. dkatre, chaise.) 

e&tillo> Atnm, I. ci a. rcatiliusl to 
Uckaplatt: PL 

0&t£axuit !• «». a derp vessel for 
serving up or cooking food, a bowl, 
dish, pot: Hor. ||. a censer : Suet. 

oitdnlUDlf Ui *•. {jcdrw} the lower 
world : Cic 

0&ttUn8» L M. dim. Q»rob. fhmi an 
obaol. oatus, dog"} a young dog, a puppy : 
omnia in perfectis esse meUora, ut In 
equo quam in eouulo, in cane quam in 
catulo, Cic II. In gen. : the young 
of wild beasts, a whelp: catuloe ferae 
oelent inultaa, Hor. 

O&ttUU *i urn, adj. [Sabine ssacutus, 
ace. to varr.] dear-sounding, shrill: 
Enn. in Varr. ||. Tranrf. to the in- 
tellect. In a good sense: knowing, 
keen, Arewd, sagacious, wise : prudens 
et, ut ita dicam, catus, Cic Constr. 
with inf. : Jaculari, Hor. 8, In a bod 
sense : sly. crefty, cunning : cata est 
et callida, PI. 

oaada (ooda, like oodex, plostrum, 
etc., Varr.), ae, /. the tail of animals: 
Cauda pavoni donata a natura ad oma- 
tum, Cic Proverb.: caudam Jactare 
popello, to flatter, fawn upon, Pers. : 
caudam trohere, to have a tail stuck on 
in mockery, to be an object of derition, 
Hor. : Cauda leonem fadt, the tail dtows 
the lion, Quint. Humorously: the end 
<^ YtxrtM* name, alltiding also to the 
tail of a boar, Clc (Hence Ital. ooda ; 
Fr. ^tieue.) 

OaudSlUt ^ uin, ad^. [perh. instead 
of caudloSuH, from oandex] of vood, 
wooden: caudea dstella, PI. 

Oftudex (oddozX Id«. «. (rare), the 
trunk of a tree, the stock, stem : quin 
et caucudbus sectis, tmditur e ncoo 
radix oleagina ligno, Virg. 2. the 
block of yxod to which ertminals were 
bound for punishment .* codtx, PI. 8. 
A term of reproach : block, dolt, block- 
head : candex. Ter. 

CandlcUilt «. a^- [caodcx] per- 

taining to the trunks of trees, qfvood: 
provincia, humorously, the employment 
of wood-spUtHng, PL 

oanlaei vum, /. phi. [apparently 
contr. from cavile, from cavus] em 

opening, hote,j>assage : per oiulas cor- 
broote: Virg. 

poris omnea, Lucr. 

a sheep^old 

CftHlif I K m. =: Kavkii, the stalk or 
stem of a plant : cepae. Col. 2. Vltp. 
a cabMge-stalk, a cat^tage: Clc : Hor. 
(Hence Ital. oavoto; Fr. o%om.) 

oaupOt Gnis, m. a chapman, petty 
tradesman, hucJater, innkeeper : PI. : 
Cic: Hor. [Ct.Kdjnihot;; 
Eng. cAapman.] 

canpiba, «. /• [caupo] a female 
shopkeeper, a landlady, Aoieecs.* App. 
II. a retail shop, an tun, lanem: 

oaupOnlnit «• vm, adj. [td.] per- 
taining to a shop or tavern .* caupo- 
nius puer, a shop or tavern boy, waiter, 

eaapQnor, i. ». dep. [id.] to traffic 
or trade in anything : non cauponames 
helium, sed belUgerantes, Enn. In Clc 

eanpSniUaf m, /. dim. [oanpona] 
a smaU inn or tavern : Clc 

eanrns (cOrus), 1, **• fAe north'^west 
wind: Oaes. 

eausa (caussa). ae,/. a cause, rea- 
son, motive, inducement; also, in gen^ 
an occasion, opportunity : causa ea est, 
qnae Id efBcit, chJus est causa, Clc; 
hanc nactus appellationis cansam, CocIk. 
With ad : causa ad ohjurfpsndum, Ter. 
Poet, with inf.: causa oonstirgere in 
anna, Virg. In a pregnant 
justa causa, good reason, just cotise.* 
meum taii, cum causa acoedere ad bc> 
cusandum. Cic ||. Causa, In AbL 
with gen. of subs, or abL of pronomin^ 
a4j. : on occoittiC of, for tJCt sake of: 
voluptates omittnntur mi^rum volup* 
tatum adipiscendarum causa, Id. : vcatra 
magis hoc causa volebam quam mea. 
^' III. ^ feigned cause, a prttcatt, 
pretence : flngit cansas ne deC Ter. : 
so, per causam, under the preteset : per 
causam supplement! eqtdtatusqoe 00- 
gendi, Caes. Also em a^pc^ogy, nocicse r 
causam aodp^re, to o^mU, Cic Hence, 
nullam or non causam dloere, quin, to 
moJbe no dt^jectian, allege nottUng, etc. : 
non causam dioo quin, quod nierltn 
sit, ferat, Ter. |Y. In gen. : the ques- 
tion at issue, the groundwork ef a rhe- 
tfifrieal representation, matter, std^je^ : 
Cic: Quint. V. ^n ^^: o eamte, 
judicial process, suit : causae privatae, 
Cic. : publicae. Id. : causa cadere, to loee 
an action : Ita jus dvile habemus con- 
stJtutnm, ut causa cadat is, qnl non, 
quemadmodum oportet, egerlt, id. : cau- 
sam dicere, to j^feod a cause, Liv.: 
causam oognoscere, to examine into (as 
a Judge), Oies. Henoe, interest, premt, 
advantage: ubi quk«co omnis fiuolUae 
causa oonstitit tlbi, PL VI. a poU* 
tieal party, faction: ne oondenmare 
eousam lllam, quam secutos esset, vf- 
deretur, Ctc VH. <> Tslation pf 




frimiMkifi, etmneetion: explicare bre- 
Titer, quae mihi sit ratio et cam* cum 
(^iifaK, id. y|||. In gen.: a con- 
dttitmt tUUt, rekUum, potition, aue: 
in etdun caosa ftierunt Uslpetes, Caes. 
IX. A hutiness undertaken fcr any 
one, a tommutitm, charge : cai Benatof 
<kdenU pabUoe canaam. at mlhi gratias 
iferet, Oc (Heooe Ital. com; Fr. 

esatflfnSf a. vm, adj. tick, dU- 
euMt: ooTpoa, Sen. Snbst.: cansarii 
vel latere vel faudtms. Plln. ||. 
3lflU. (. (. diteharffed on aecotaU of 
itt keaWif invalid : tertlns exercitm ex 
caaHoiis KnioritmMiue acrlbatar. Liv. 

eailda, a^ /• = ffoverca, a white hat 
rttjk a broad brtin, loom by the Mace- 
doajoiu at a protection a^ttu( fAe 

euiddlciis« U «•• [cama dkol a 
jkader, advocate (in a ooort of law 
BKT^y ; bence opp. to orator in its ex- 
tended mue, and often oontempta- 
ooify): Cic : nee causldicos, nee praeco 
VKiQfttnr, Jw. 

CMfiJSeor* i- «• <•• ^- Ccrasafado] 
every rare) to allege a cause, to make a 
pnttMt, to pretend: PL 

etltor, aciu, I. v,dep. [cansin to 
emdmct a Uue-tuU, to pUaSl, defend, 
etc Fig.: to diMcuu or dOate a quei- 
Msa : Lucr. ||. to give a reason, to 
eBegu as an eteute, to make a pretext, 
to pretend, to ptead : stiiltus uterque 
locnm immerltam cauMtur iniqtie, 
Rcr.: negotia, Tac Jbsol.: cansando 
Doetrot to loo^gom dods amores, Virg. 
Wbb a clause: cansando, comunpl 
eqoM iachtaos in insula, Uv. 
. CftBSftla, ae. /. dim. [id.] a petty 
launit : C3c. 

tints, o^' cautiously, cartfuUy: 
Iter caate dillgenterqoe ftkcere, Cacs. 
B. v<th secvrity: aliter nee caute 
nee Jve fieri potest, etc. 

eutfie (caatla. Prod-X is./, a rou^jli, 
ftinttd rock: aaxa et cautes timere, 
Owi Ai a >7inbol of intenaibllity : 

ea atiwi , adv. [cautns. caveo] fan- 
tfMuIjf. wirHy xs. caote (rare) : cautim 
«t panlatlm daUa. Ter. 

etittiLo> 5nl8, /. [careo^ tmrinets, 
Imifilnau, precaution, circumspection: 
a BuUs natnni dccUnamus? quae decli- 
Mdo d ctnn ratione flet, cautio appel- 
letir; qnM autetD aine ratione. nomi- 
iwtariDetns.Clc.: mihi cauilo est s ca- 
veodnm eat, iatMtt beware (colloquial) .- 
U Bdhi- ne oorrampimtar cautio est, 
Ter. : mea cautio est, / must see to it, 
Qc: res cantloues babet, the matter 
nfK<»«ff eaution, UL : also, admits of 
*i*ittiem : quae cautionem non babebnnt 
^ fia aoD iu ratde laboro, id. I|. In 
^ : a security, bond, unrranty, bail : 
**stne cantionea inflrmae sunt, id. 
Fig. : Ofi oral warranty, pledge : id. 

entor. oris, «•. fid.] one tcAo is on 
topwri: PI. ni a surety : Oc 

eavtilt. a. mn, rart. [caveo]. ||. 
i^~ wary,hee<]^t eauttous, provident: 

ut cautOB est, nbi nihil opus 'st, Ter. : 
parum cauti providique, Cic Of things: 
cautissima senectus, Tac. 2. In a 
bad sense : sly, artful, cun* ing : vulpes, 
Hor. III. Pass. : made safe, secured : 
quo mulieri esset res cautior curavit, 
Cic 2. Fig. : ta/e, secure (rare) : in 
earn partem peocare, quae est cautior, 

O&ySa* ae, /. (gen. caveH, Lucr.) 
fcavusj an eacavaied place, a cavity : 
PUn. II. an inclosure for animals, 
a staUy cage, den, coop, beehive, etc. : 
avis inclusa in cavea, Cic ||. the 
audience-part qf a theatre: cavea ima 
(the seat of the nobility), media and 
snmma (the seat of the Unoer classes) : 
magis delectatnr qui In jnlma cavea 
spMtat; delectatur tamen edam qui in 
Ultima, id. Meton. : a theatre: id. 
(Hence Ital. gaggia, gabbi^ ; Fr. cage ; 

MySo* cftvi, cautum (imper. regal. 
c&vQ ; but also cftvS, Hor.), 2. v. n. to 
be on amis guard, to take care, beware, 
guard against. Absol. : non fUisse diffl- 
dle cavere, Caes. 8. With db : ille 
Pompeium monebat, nt a me ipso ca- 
veret, Cic 8. With the simple obL : 
caveo malo. PI. 4. With ne: to take 
heed lest : to guard against being : 
caves, ne videat allquia, that no one sees, 
Ter. 6. With twij/., without ne (only 
in Imper.): ignoscas, Cic. And cave 
with a verb in plur. : cave dimmpatis, 
PI. 6. With ut : to take care that : 
caveamna, ut ca modenita sint, Cic 
7. With occ: omnia, id.: vallum 
caecum foasasque. Caes. Hence in the 
Pass. : cavenda etiam gloriae cuniditas, 
Cic: ne quid eis noceatur a Caesare 
cavetur, Caes. And with an objective 
inf.: caveret id petere a populo Ro- 
mano, Sail. 8. Cavere cum aUquo= 
ab aliquo: Herde mihi tecum caven- 
dum est, vrith you, I must be on my 
guard, PI. ||. L^al (. t.: to look 
after the legal or pecuniary interests 
(^ any one : tu ceteris cavere dididsti, 
Cic 2. to !/»•« secttrity: dvitates 
obsidibus de pecunia cavent, Cars. 
3,.to g^ fecurity : Hbl ego, Brute, 
non solvam* nisi prins a tc caveo, am- 
pliua eo nomlite nemlnem petlturum, 
Cic 4. to order, decree, dispose of 
in %orUing, by will, etc: cautum est 
in Sdpionis Iccibus, ne plurca essent, 
id. : si hoc, qtu testamentnm fadebat, 
cavere nohiisset. Id. |||. Cavere ali- 
cui, to protect, have a care for : me- 
lius ei cavere volo, quam ipse aliis solet, 

C&vema* **t /. [cams] a cave, 
cavern, grotto, hole : magna >ia terrae 
cavernls continetur caloris, Cic. : ca- 
vema navium, the hold ^ ships, id. 

OftVilSf V' caulae. 

C&Tulat aPj/. dim. [cams ?] a qu^ 
ble. trick, shuffle (very rare) : aufer ca- 
viliam : none of your tricks : PL 

<?ivmafiO. »ni». /. [cavillor] a 
quMHing, Muffling : Inter constiles 
magis cavillaUo quam magna contentio 

de provincia fUit« Liv. Hence it cornea 
under the head of facetiae (or smart 
sayings) in the sense of banter, jeering, 
scoffing: Cic: acerba. Suet. ||. a 
quibbling, sophistical discourse, so- 
phistry: caviUationcs ineptac, Quint. 

e&ioll&tor, Oris, m. [id.] a scoffer, 
jeerer, caviUer : caviilator facetus, PL : 

e&vill&tariz, Ws. /«». adj. [id.] 

sophistical: cavillatrix condusiu, Quint. 
eHviUoTi Atus, I. V. n. and a. dtp, 
[cavilla] to make captious otgeetions, to 
cavil at: cavillari tum tribuni. et popu- 
lum exsolvere religione velle, Liv. So 
also to scoff, jeer, banter, satirise, etc : 
familiariter cum ipso etiam caviller ac 
Jooor, Cic With Jcc; tribunes plebis, 

ckvillttla, M. /. dim. [id.] a liUU 
cavil, jest: PL 

e&yo« avi, atum, i. «. a. [cavus] to 
make hollow, to luMmo out, excavate : 
naves ex arboribus, Liv. : parmam ga- 
leamqne gladio, to pierce through, per- 
forate, Ov. : tegmina tuta cavant capl- 
tum, to hoUow out, poet, for to round 
off, fabricate, Virg. 

diyiUllt L n. [id.] a hoUow, a cavity: 

O&VUS, a, um. adj., hollow, hollowed, 
concave: cava conveniont plenis, Lucr. : 
concha, Virg. : vena, Cic Hence, deep, 
deep<hannelled : cava flumlna, Virg. 

CJ(, an inseparable demonstrative 
particle answering both in form and 
meaning to the Fr. -c» in celui-ci, ceci, 
and in fict oe is the basis of all the 
French demonstratives. Ce is appended 
to pronounsand adverbs, though the final 
e is often dropped. L To pronouns : 
thus we have the forms hl-c illl-c, istl-c : 
sometimes the ce b doubled, and we 
And hancro, hacoe, istaecce, but not so 
frequently as some sunpoae. When ce 
is doubled and followed by ne it becomes 
ci, as in hicdne, isticdne, illicdne. 2* 
llie adverbs hoc, hue, hac, hinc, illuc, 
iilinc, iliac, istinc, etc., wjiich already 
have the particle ce, are somewhat 
strengthened by its reduplication, as 
hicce, huece, hincce, ilUocc : so sic and 
sicce. Ce occurs also in nunc tunc, 
ftx>m num and tum. When ne is added 
ce becomes d, as bucdnc, siccine, nunc- 

oSdOf ce*A, reasum, j. r. n. and a. 
to go, move, ioalk (in this sense rare and 
poet, for incedo^ : candidatus ccdit hie 
mastlgia, PI. Fig.: nitidus qua quis- 
que per era ccderet, Hor. y. Fig. 
ihce ire: to come to something, to hare 
some result, to tum out, to work : and 
ace to the adverbs with which it in 
Joined, to sucoMd, to fail, etc : Cat{lina« 
neque petitio neque iniridiao prospere 
cessere, Sail. : bene, Hor. : male alicui, 
Ov. So, oedere ad factum, to take place, 
come to pass, PL |||. Cedere pro 
aliqua re : to go for something (as ol 
equal value), to be the price of: epu- 
lae et largi apparatiw pro stipendio cc> 
dunt, Tac. |V. to go away, to with' 





draw, d^tart, retire, pa$i away: ego 
cedam atque ablbo, Clc. : cedere e vita, 
to die, id.: vita, Tac: horae quldem 
ccdunt, et diea, et menaes. et aniu, pau 
aKXty, Cic: cedare memoria, to be for- 
gotten, lAi.: Doo ceaait fldociaTorno. 
did tiot detert, Virg. 8. MiUt. 1. 1. : 
cedere de oppldla, to ahandon, Cic : 
loco, to yield or give up a post, Nep. : 
ex loco, Liv. • 8. Mercant. (. t. : cedere 
foro, to wttkdrava from the exchange, 
to ttop pdjfment, Juv. 4. L^gol 
1. 1. : bonis or potteaaionlbaa (alicui 
cedere), to reUnquith in favour of 
another: alicui hortorum poaaeaaione 
cedere, Cic V. Aa a military term : 
to give way htfart the enemy, to lou 
ground, retire, rttrtat (ft«q. in Caesar): 
conBOlto cedere, to moJlM a feigned 
retreat, Caea. VI. In B^d. to yield, 
give place to, nUtmit : with dot. or 
absol.: quacumque movemur (aer) vi- 
detur quasi locum dare et cedere, Clc : 
Di, quibus ensis et ignis ceaaenmt, i. e. 
V ho remained unhurt in the deMtruction 
of Troy, v. : malls, Virg. g. to yield 
to in rank, excellence, etc ; gite way to, 
comply with: quum tibi aetos nostra 
Jam cederet, Cic : ccasit tibi blandienti 
Cerberus, Hor. Pass, impers.: ut 
nou multum Oraecis oederetur, Cic 
VII. With do^. or in and aoc: 
to fall to OHe'i lot or share, accrue: ut 
is quaestos htiic cederet, id. : alicui in 
usum. Hor. : praedae alia militum ces- 
sere, fell to (became) the spoil of the 
soldiers, Liv. VIU. With in and aoc. 
(like abire) : to be changed or to pass 
%nto, to becowit: poena in vicem fldei 
cesserat, id. 8. oedere in unum, to 
become, or be, of one opinion : omnea in 
unum cedebant, Tac |X. Active: 
with dal. and occ. : to grant, cowxde, 
allow, give up, yield, permit : cedo 
amicitlae, tribuo parent!, Cic: cedere 
currum ei, Liv. with a clause aa ob- 
ject : ai pleraqtie dure dicere oodit eos, 

OidOt old Imper. form, whose oontr. 
plur. is celte : equivalent to da or die : 
give, tell: freq. a mere exclamation, 
pray ! or to bespeak attenUoo : aire : 
cedo aqnam manibus, otre vtttor.' PI. : 
senem, bring hither the old man, Ter. 
II. lei us hear, tell: unum cedo auo- 
torem tul facU, unius profer exemplum. 
Cic : cedo, si conata peregit ? Juv. In 
Ter. : cedodum. I|l. to call attention : 
cedo mibi leges Atlnlas, Furias, Cic 

Oednu. h /.=xt6po(, the cedar: 
Pliny. II. Meton. and poet.: cedar- 
oil : canninn llnenda oedra, i. e. %rorthy 
of immortcUily, Hor. (Hence It. ce- 
arato ; Pr. cMrat.) 

cSlibOTt t'rts. bre, adj. (masc. Cele- 
bris, Tac) Tanother form of creberl 
croutled. of places: much frequented 
or reported to, populous : loci culti on 
incultl, oelebres an desertl, Cic. : celchri 
urbe et copiosa. id. ||. lumoured by 
a great assembly, etc. ; renwmed, dis- 
*ipguished, famous : with abl. : celeber 
' oiniti cacrimoularum gt-nere, Liv. : 

Tiresias lama, Ov. Absol.: Diana, 
Hor. III. qftm or quickly repeated ; 
oelebenima verba, Ov. 

oUitar&titOi Ool>i /• [oelebro^ a nu- 
merous assemblage, concourse: bomi- 
nam ooetus et celebratkmea, Cic ||. 
a festal celebration, a festival : cete- 
bratio lodorum, id. 

oSMbr&tOf I •. nm. adj- Part, fcele- 
^"to.} II* -^^ • c%istomary, usual, fre- 
quent: tritum atque cclebratum, Cic 
8. solemn, festive, brilUant : dies 
celebratior, Ov. 8. knouit, cele- 

brated, famous: quo AcUacae victoriae 
memoria celebratior in posterum esaet* 

oUSbrltaf, atis,/. [celeber] a great 
numUter, a muUituae, a numerous con- 
course : In multitudioe et celebritate 
Judidorum, Clc ||. a festal celebra- 
tion, a s<^emnity: celebratio supremi 
diel, a solemn fwural, id. |||, fame, 
renown, ceUbrity: oelebritas sermonis 
hominum, id. 

O^JHsrOf a^> atum, i. «. a. fid.] to 
fiU : ripas carmine, Ov. 8. to po in 
great numbers or often, to frequent : 
celebrare deum delubra festls diebus, 
Lucr. 8. ^ <^ aUmg with others, to 
do frequcntly,to practise often, exercise, 
repeat: ad eas artes, quibus a pueris 
deditl ftdmus, celebrandas inter nosque 
recolendaa, Cic : celebratum genus nxMr- 
tis, a kind of death swff'ered by many, 
Tac : celebrare seria et jooos cum aliquo, 
Liv. II. to celebrate, solemnise : cele- 
brare festos dies, Cic: nuptiaa, Liv. 
III. to honour, praise, celebrate: 
domestica facta, H6r. : memorlam, Tac : 
aepulcrum hominum conventu et epulis, 
Cic |V. IQ K^n. to mcUce something 
known, topublWi abroad : qua re oele- 

Oil0r> 8ris, e, stfift, fieet, quick, 
speedy : fsce te propere oelcrem, PI. : 
sagitta, Hor. : Deae, Ov. ||. Of menUl 
and abstract things : motus, Caes. : re- 
oeptus, id.: oderunt sedatum oeleres, 
lively, Hor. : OTatio oeleris et concitata, 
rapid, hurried, Cic. 8. In a bad 
sense, rash, hast}/, precipitate: consilia, 
Liv. : fate celerrima, Vbic 8. With 
Ir\f. : ezdpere aprum, Hor. 

eilirSf ado. quickly: PI 

Oileret, ion, m. pht. the body guard 
qf the Homan kings: Cic (v. Smith's 
Ant. 78). 

omixiPM, Ml*, o**. [celcr pes] twtft 
footed (very rare) : Cic 

oSlSrltas* atis, /. [celer] swiftness, 
quickness, speed : velocitas corporis 
celerltas appellatur, quae eadem ingenii 
laus babetur, Cic. : peditum, Caes. : ve- 
noni, the quick effect, Cic In plu.: 
cavendum est ne In festinationibus sua- 
cipiamus nimlas oeleritates, id. ||, Of 
intellectual and abstract things: ani- 
monun. Id. 

Oilixltar, adv. quicHy, spxdily: 
Itbmm tibi celeriter mittam, Qc. 

oilSrOi Avi, atum, I. V. a. and n. 
[celcrj. I. act. to quicken, hasten, 
accelerate: mgam In sllvas, Virg. ||< 

neuh. to hasten, make haste, he q^uiek: 
drcum celerantibus auris, Locr. 

Oella. *^ /• a store-room, a place 
for dejpbsiHng arain or fruits, or jbr 
the abode qf cmtmcde, a granaty, stol^ 
etc.: Cic: apimn, Viig. Henoe dar«, 
emere, impeme aliquU In cellam, to 
fumiA, purchase, procure the tkimge 
necessary for the kUchen : Cic ||. a 
mean apartwtent, closet, hut, ooi, etc : 
Ter. : esp. of slaves. Cic |||. the part 
qf a temple in which the image of the 
god stood, the shrine: Liv. 

OelUrlUB, K vm, a4j. [oelU] per- 
taining to a store-room: oellarlasaglna. 
PI. Subst. : cellarlus, II, m.. onevko 
keeps provisions, a steward, butler : id. 

edItUa, ao. /. dim. [id.] a smaU 
store-room or apartment : Ter. 

0<UOf *H atum, 1. r. a. to hide, to 
keep secret, to conceal. With a double 
Ace. to keep in ignorance of. or sn 
the dark about : non te oeUvi aenDO- 
nem T. Ampil, Cic. 8. One of the 
occi. is omitted, sometimes that of the 
ol^ect: Jovis hospitalis numcD nim- 
quam celarepotuiasct, homines fortasae 
celaviaaet, uc: more usually of the 
person: celem tarn insperatum ^an- 
dium? Ter. 8. RArvly with de and 
abl. instead of one of the aoct.: de 
armia, de ferro, de insidiis oelare te no- 
luitr Cic II. Pass, with aoc of 
ot^Ject : noene noc celatos tarn din, have 
we so long been k^ in the dark abamt 
this? Ter. 8. The occ. is sometlmca 
omitted: oelabor, excludebar, Cic 8. 
More freq. with de and abl.: credo 
celatum esse Casslum de Sulla uno. Id. 
4. The thing aa sul\ject, without 
ooc: quod celatum est atque occul- 
tatum usque adhuc, PL : amor oelatus, 
Ter. 5. And rarely with dot. of per- 
son : Id Aldbladl diutius celarl doo do* 
tuit, could not be concealed from h\m, 
Nep. III. Of persons : to hide, to put 
in a place qf eoncecUment : pleroaqna 
hi qui reoeperant celant, Caes. Pa s a. : 
diu oelarl (virgo) non potest, Tor. 
[The root also occurs In oe-cul<rt, 
and dam,] 

eiloZf Ods./. [of the same root as 
celer J a tynft-sailtngship, cutter, yacht : 
Uv. : publka. a packet-boat, PL ||. 
Adi. ewift, quick, but with reference to 
the flrst simif. : obsecro, openm celo- 
cem banc mihi, ne corbitam date, id. 

Oelaui, •• lun. atHf. high, t^rigkt, 
lofty. Physically: (pexa bominea) 
humo exdtatoa, oelaos et erectoa consti* 
tuit, Cic: turres, Hor. H. Morally: 
in a good sense: hiffi^ lofty, elevated, 
above the vulgar, great : c«>lsas et erec- 
tus et ea, quae hominl acddere possont, 
omnia parva docens, Cic. AlsoaCrtotort 
in rank or station, noble, eminent : eel- 
siasima scdes dignitatis atque booorlSi 
id. 8. In A bad sense: haughty, 
proud: baec Jura suae dvitatis 1|aio> 
rantem, erectmn et oelsum, id. fFrom 
the root ckl or okix. which appear* 
in antecello, exceUo, oAlis, etc : v. an- 




« (meal-time)^ aoditAdedw^ 

ntnido. Hi* riftiinm, 2. v. a. lit to 
cfmi^nekom: so perhaps, acoeptadico: 
frpfTwii u% qui oenscat, PI.: hence, 
to lu; a«MM. B. t. t. to lake an 
9f fiU nameM and property of 
MMM emsau (the office of the ceo- 
r): cauorea p^mli aevitatea, subolea, 
faniUaa, ptcQouaqoeoenaentOiC^.: ease 
cc&aoi omaeaio, to become aJU$utifect 
/«r the cmtot't list: Olud qoaero, 
ifaitae lata praedia ceoaiii oenaendo, kL 
8, to fftve an account or return qf 
M/« p n y et ty (atoo aa d«po». oenaeor, 
eoMu) : cmiendl causa, for the pur- 
fOK ^ giving in the aeeomU of one't 
f^ptrttf, WL m. In Gen.: to uti- 
■al«, ateem, vomw: anule formoaae 
dSfUnm vioctnre poellae, in quo ceii- 
teodnm nil. niai dantia amor. Ov. |V. 
te itan, think, hold, judge, be of opi- 
Piom: DOQ riitfsae undaa me iwOorea 
oenaeo, PL: quid oenaetia, nollasDe in- 
ififias pertJm^soeQdaa ? Cfc.: alii cuneo 
bcto m celeriler perrompant, cenaent, 
Cica. 8. CoUoquiall^. to expresa 
aiaent: PL qnkl, patri etiam gratula- 
bor? jy.Oenseo. PL V. Of public 
■■wmMlii : to expreu an opinion either 
ky words or by voting ; etate an opinion, 
mte (with ace and inf. or with tubj.) : 
ci^To* reddcttdoa in loiata rum cen' 
n^ Cic. : pIcflqQe oenaebant, nt noau 
bcr Uoati, Caea. With the elUpria of 
tta u|/b>. .• pan deditionem, pari ertm- 
ttooem eenaebant (ac fodeudam), £l 
2. Of the Senate (like Jnt)ere of 
<be poMlna) : to decree, retche, ordain: 
jBae ntrea cenfoeniDt, voa jubete, 
lir. With dot, and ace. : to vote to : 
vcrtem prtadpl trlnmphalem, ntque 
warn urbem intret, cenaoere, Tac. 
[The part, csouttt pointa to a root 
acs, from which oome oen-$or, cennio, 

MBilo, ^kiis,f. [root CEV: ▼. cenaeol 
•a ettitnattng, tiding, atteuing : at 

qaUem, oe canaionem temper f»- 
daa, make a JUml ceUeeticn, be notal^ 
majft making ataeetments, n. 

MBior» Oris, m. [id.3 a center, the 
name of ttco Ronutn magittratet, tcAo 
pttOed over the rating qf the eiti*en$, 
watAed over their wtoralSt and per- 
formed other functions : (3c. : LiT. (v. 
teith'c Ant. ^B eqq.). ||. FiR.: a 
rigid judge of moraU, a eenmrer, 
tHiki pertriatlB qoidam patrons, cen- 
sor, maidaier, (3c. 

MBBfirlQS, a, nm. <M|;. [cenaorl per- 
tailing to the censor: cenaoriae tabulae, 
fltf Um of the centor, Cic : lex, a con- 
tract far leasing buildimgi, id. : for the 
pMc retenua, id.: sometime*, alao, 
ttf orders, or deeiaioms <tf the eenoor 
(eseoerning the diviaioQa of the people, 
taxes, pnrae bnildlnsa, etc.), \A. : nota. 
Ur.: eigoa,afmiU or crime punished 
^ the eemsor, Oc : ceDsorioa homo, one 
MiA had been censor, id. Q. Fig. : 
rigii, scoere : gnvitM, id. 

•e,/. [root canr : r. cenaeo] 

the office if censor, censorship : lAv. : 
Cic II. Fig. : a judgment, opinion, 
in gen. : dat reniam corvis, vexat oen- 
sora colombaa, Juv. 

oaniUSt ^ um, Part. [censeo3. 

oentns, fl^ m. [root obk: v. cenaeo] 
a registering ana rating of Roman 
citisens, their property, etc, a censtis : 
oenaum habere, Oic. : agere, liv. : censu 
prohibere, to refuse one admittance into 
the lists of ettisens, Cic. : censu ex- 
cludere, Lnr. Fig.: censum habere, to 
take (m account, Caes. ||. Meton.: 
the register of the census, the censor's 
lists : Cic 2. the sum assess^ : 
cenraa senatorum (800,000 sesterces), 
Suet : census equester (400,000 ses- 
terces), id. 8. vceaUh, property, pos' 
sessions, in gen. : homo cgens. sine cen- 
su, Cic. : ars 1111 sua census erat Ov. 

eontaurdnsi ^ -Ioxl t, n.^sMKrov- 

pcioi' and Ktrropipwv, Vkeherb centaury: 

oentaurfilU, <W nm, adj. [centaurus] 
pertaining to a Centaur : rika, Uor. 

oentauriplli iit v- oentaurenm. 

Centaur&iaebla, s^f. the name 

of a fictitious country: PL 

CsDtannifl) i» w> Kivrawpot, a cen- 
taur, a constettatian in the southern 
hemisphere: Qc 

oentdnL ae, a (in the sbig. Vlrg.J, 
num.distnb. [centum] a hundred each, 
a hundred: capit iUe ex aula praedUs 
sexcenta seatertia, ego centena ex meis, 

oentSilzna, m, /. (sc. pars) Me 
huncb-edth part, aa a tax, a per rentage : 
centesima rerum venalium, Tac And 
of interest i per cent monthly, or 12 
per cent per aan. : Cic 

OentMIUU, A» uin, num. ordin. 
[centum] tAe hundredth: centesima 
pars, PI. 

<^ti[oePff capitis, a4j' [centum ca- 
put] huwb-ed-^ieaded : cenuoepa belua, 
t. e. Cerberus, Hor. 

oentites, adv. [centum] a hundred 
times: centies eadcm imperare, PL: 
sestertltun et octogies (sc. mlllia), Cic 

OOntibn&niU, a* ^un, a^. fcentum 
manus] Aavin^ a hundred hanas: Hor. 

oennplez, ▼• centuplex. 

OentOt ^^ m.rtcimpwv] a gctrment 
composed ofseveraCpieces teied together, 
patch-work, etc: intravit calidum ve- 
teri centone lupanor, Juv. : used in war 
to ward off miwdlcs or to extinguish 
fires: cen tones insuper ii\jecerunt ne 
tela tabulationem pcrfringerent Cacs. 
Proverb.: oentones sarcire allcul, to im- 
pose upon byfaUdMod, PL 

OOntUIDu inded. num. a hundred: 

. centum dies penes accusatorem cum 

fWsaent Cic ||. Poet an indefinite, 

large number: centum davibua servata, 

Hor. (Henoe Fr. cent) 

oentam-cSiDlniifl, a* om. a^j- a 
hundredfUd: Virg. 

oentumpondlnm or oentilpoxi- 

dlunu tt. n. [centum pondo] a hundred 
pound* (taken collecuvely), a hundred 

oentnnivlrftlist e, 04/. [centum 

virij pertaining to the oeniumviri : 
centumvirale Judicium, (Tic 

oentnni Vixl, orum, m. plu. a 
coUege or bench of judges chosen Of- 
nuaily for civU stUts: Cic (v. Smith'^i 
Ant 82). 

oantnnofilns, U **• <2>m. [cento] a 

smaU patch or jwUcAtoorfc : Uv. 

oentftplez (centlplexl Ida, a^. 
[centum plico] a hundredfold : PL 

OOntapondllUIL ▼> centumpondlum. 

eentfina, aeT/. [centum], orig. a 
parcel or division qf a hundred things 
of one kind : hence, in gen. any di- 
vision. II. Milit 1. 1. : a division of 
troops, a century, company : Liv. I||. 
one of the i<)i bodies into which Semus 
TuUius dimded the Roman people, a 
century : (3c (v. &nith's Ant 105): 
centuria praerogativa, voting first by 
lot, dc 

oentiixifttimi o^^' [ceotnria] by 
oompanits or centuries : centuriatim pro- 
ductl milites idem Jurant Caes. 

eentfirl&tott *. «n>. ^art. [centu- 
rio] divided into centuries. Fig.: well 
arranged, toeU disciplined : PL 

OOntfill&tllSf Qa» m. [id.] a division 
into centuries : liv. ||, the post qf 
centurion: Cic 

oentfillO; A^> atum, t. v. a. [oen- 
turia] to dtvide into centuries. ||. 
Of toe anny: Juventutem'centurlare, 
Liv. III. Of the people in the co- 
miUa : rem gerlt palam ; centuriat Ca- 
puae; dinmnerat, Cic: oomitia centu- 
riata, in which Uie Soman people voted 
according to centuries (v. Smith's Ant 
lofsemj: Oe 

Oentiuio D<1«] ^ commander qf 
a century, a captain, centurion : Caes. : 
Cic : Liv. (v. Smith'a Ant 169). 

eentliilonfttafl, ^ ">• [centmio] 

an election ^centurions: Tac 

eftnu *o, /. [kindred with «ci)p^] 
wax : Persae mortuos cera circumltloa 
condunt Cic In the plur. : Virg. 
||. Meton.: a writing-tablet co- 
vered with wax. Hence, prima cera, 
the first page or Uaf, Hor. And of 
wills: cautum ut In testamentls primae 
duae oerae vacuae aignaturis oetendi • 
rentor, Suet 8. a tra« teal: Clc. 
8;, a waxen imc^e of an ancestor : 
Sail. (Hence Fr. cire, cierge.) 

0§r&riTUnf ll, n. o fee for coxing 
a s^ : Cic 

odr&SUlf *• /• = nipojooK, the cherry- 
tree : Ov. |L a cherry : Prop. (Hence 
It ciriegia ; Fr. cirise ; Germ, kirsche; 
Eng. c*«Ty.) 

oSrfttol, •, ran. Part. [cero]. 

oeroflniSt U m.^KipKovpo^, a kind 
qf light vessel peculiar to the Cyprians: 

OerdOi Onl** "*• ==* KfySmv [icipSot] a 
hireling, day-labo%trer, hofndwrof It- 
man: Juv. 

OirSbelllimf it n, dim. [cerebrum] 
a small brain: PUn. (Hence ItaC 
oervello; Fr. cerveUe, eerveau.) 

eirellrtfllf , *. «"». «4y • D<y craey. 




hot-inuined, passionate: senex hk oe> 
Tcbroauf est oerte, PL : Hor. 

oirebni2n« it n. the vesKl tthich 
hMs the brains. It. the skuU : hence, 
the brains: aUi to oorde, alU in cere- 
bro dixenint Anlmi esse Mdem, Cic. 
Me too. understanding: Hor. 8. 
anger, esp. in the phnues, uri cere- 
brum, fin<U cerebrum : PI. {Cer-e-bi^m, 
oomeii firom the root cer, which 8ig> 
niflei the " brains:" cf. Germ, ge-him; 
Scotch, hams,] (Hence It, cerveUo; 
Ft. cerwife, cerveau.) 

C8r§8« 6^ /• the daughUr qf Sa- 
turn and Ops, the goddeu of agricul- 
ture: hence, melon.: food, bread, 
fruit, com, grain, etc. : Virg. : Hor. 

oSriuii Ai uin, 04;. \jxn} waxtn, of 
wax: Cic: efflgies. Hor.: castra, cells 
of wax, hoftevoomb, Virg. ||. Me- 
ton. : wax-ooMured : pruna, id. 2. 
oUant, soft. Wee vmx: oerea brachia 
Telephi, Hor. 8. Fig- : eotdy moved 
or persuaded: oereus in vitium fiecU, 

oSrSuB, i, m. a waT4ight, wax taper: 

oSriniha, •«» /• » (nipu^. o pio,^ 

^ %okick bees are fond^ toax-JUncer : 

eSrlniun, i> n. a uxuxdowcd gar- 
ment: PL^ 

cemO| erevl, cretum (the orig. part, 
was certua, q. v.) j. v. a. to s^t, icin- 
notv (rare) : in cribris omnia ceme 
ravis, Ov. ||, Fig.: to distinguish, 
discern, perceive, set distinctly: sed 
quia iUic est, procul quern video ? cstne 
hic Hegio ? si satis cemo, is hercle'st, 
if I can properly make him out, Tcr. : 
vis magna pulveris cemebatur, Coes. : 
adesse eum et haec coram cemerc ex- 
istlmate. Id. - |||. Transf. to intel- 
lectual ol^ts : to perceive, comprehend, 
understand: vis et natura deoram non 
sensn, sed mente cemitur, Cic: at 
consiictiim facile amorem oemeres, Ter. 

2, With ooc. of pers,: to look up to, 
have respect or regard to: id. |V. 
to deddr. (Judicially) what is contested 
or doub^uX, to decree, determine (more 
rare than the compos, deceraere) : pri- 
usqnam id sors cemeret, Uv. 2. 
to decide by contending or fighting: 
cemere ferro, Virg. : pro patna, pro 
lilieris, pro ails atque fods suis ceruere, 
SalL V. ^ \S^^' ' t*> decide or con- 
clude upon, resolve (rare) : quum ego 
antidhac te amavi et mihi amicam esm 
crevi, PI. yi. Legal t'. t. : of inherit- 
ances : to resolte to enter upon an in- 
heritance : Varr. 2. to make knoun 
such determination: Cic. And Anally, 

3. ssadire, to enter upon an in- 
heritance: id. Fig. : id. [cf. cribrum 
axid crimen.] 

Oemilllli A> nm, adj. [oemo] vHth 
the face toicards the earth, headlong 
(rare, and poet.) : ^Jectoque incumbit 
cemuns armo, Virg. 

O^rOf A^ atum. I. v.a. [cera] to 
coirr or smear unth vxjlz, to vsax : to^* 
belia, Cic : penuae, Hor. 

cf. oertbro- 
brain, fmntic, 
t se, cerritus fbit. 

^larucfk. smeared vgith itax: Jnv. 

oerrltofl* •. y^. <x(?/ [contr. 

cCr6britus, fironyeerer 
sual having a/cra^ 
mad (rare and/poet. 
Marius cum praedpii 

oertftmoilt ^^Qis* **• C^^^^^l ^ contest, 
struggle in gpunes or otherwise : b^u- 
gJim.Vlrg. : pedum, Ov. Gen.: of the 
mind, feeiingps, etc. : est mihi tecum pro 
aris et fods cerlamen, Cic. : verborum 
linguaeque, Liv. And poet. : certamina 
ponere, synon. with certamina instl- 
tuere, to order, arrange a fght or con- 
test : prima citae Teucris ponara certa- 
mina clasals, Virg. : certamine summo, 
with the greatest teed, exertion, id. 
II. a military contest, battle, comr 
bat: erat in oeleHtate omne posiCum 
certamen, Caes. : inire certamen, liv. : 
navale, a naval engagement, sea-Jlght, 
Id III. Me ton. war: Eutr. 

C0rtatinif o*^^- [certatus, certo] 
wiUk contest or struggle, emulously, 
earnestly, eagerly : certatim de alictOus 
salute dioere, Cic. 

oert&titpt Oni>i /■ [certo^ a contend- 
ing, striving, a oombcU, contest, etc. : 
Jun ludi publid sint oorporum certa- 
tione, Cic. Fig. : haec intpr eos (ami- 
oos) fit honesta certatio, id. : certatio 
mulctae, a jniUie discussion concerning 
afne, id. 

Cert&tnSt »f omt Part, roertol. 

OertS, odv. with certainty, certainly, 
undauMedly, assuredly, surely, reaUy : 
si'enim sdt, corte illnd eveniet: sin 
certe eveniet, nulla fortima est, Cic. 
lb an affirmative answer : estne ip^ms 
an non est ? Is est, oerte is est, Is est 
profecto, PI. It sometimes serves as 
an emphatic reiteration of a preceding 
statememt : venerat, ut opinor, haec res 
in Judldum. Certe, certainly, surely, 
Cic In Interrogations: certe patrem 
tuum non ocddisti? Suet. ||. To 
restrict or modify an assertion : yet 
surely, yet indeed, at least, at all 
events : at homines mortem vel optare 
indpiant, vel certe timere desistant, 

C6rt0t <^^' ^"^^ certainty, certainly, 
surely, really : nihil ita exspectare 
quasi oerto ftiturum, Cic. : certo sdo, / 
know for certain, I amfuUy persuaded : 
quod te moleste ferre certo »do, id. In 
affirm, answers for certe : Me. Liberum 
ego te JiiHsi abirc? Jies. Certo, yes, cer- 
tainly, PL 

oerto. »vi, atom, i.v.a. freq. [root 
CEB In c«mo : cf. cemere certamen, to 
decide a contesf] to fght, contend : 
armis cum hoste certare } Cic. : proelio, 
SalL : ana Gallis pro salute, id. fm- 
pers. pass.: Bedrlad certabatur, Tac 
II. In gen. : to contend, struggle, 
strive, emulate, vie tcich: certare in- 
genio, contendere nobilitate, Lucr. : cum 
aliquo dicacltate, Cic. : offlcils inter se, 
id. : cum usurls fractibus praedi >niro, 
to endeavour to pay interest udlk the 

produce cf elates, id. : ob hlnram, 
Hor. Impers. pass.: oertatum inter 
collegas maledictis, Ltv. PoeL witJh 
dat. instead of cum : solus tibi certat 
Amyntas, Virg. Poe t. in pass, signif. : 
oertatam lite Deorum Arobradom, con- 
tendedfor, Ov. 2. With inf. (mostly 
poet.) : Pboebmn superwne canetMlo. 
*^i^* III. to contend <U law : si quid 
se Judice certes, Hor. 

oertUB* a> con Torlg. Part, cemo; 
hut usu. o^'.l daermined, resolcorf: 
certum est, wltn dat. = a neutr.impers. 
verb: it is determined, it is on€s de- 
cition, resolution, wUl : nsn, wtA iff/. : 
certum est dellberatnmque, quae ad 
causam pertinere arbitror, omnia dicere, 
Cic. : certum atque decretum est non 
dare slgnum, Liv. ||. Aa an at^. 
without est : 1. with inf. : cvna 
mori, Virg. 2. ^th gen. : detdsceiMli, 
Tac. III. eMtahtished, settled, fix^d : 
condlium in diem certam tndioere, 
Caes. : certi limites, Hor. 2. «== qnl- 
dam, and our, of some certain, 
but Indefinite, person or thing : Cepha- 
loedi mensis est oertus. qno menae saoer- 
dotera maximum creari oporteat, Cic 
IV. ft<r«, unerring, to he depended 
upon, trusty, faithful, etc Of per^ 
sons : tu ex amlds certis mi es certla- 
simus, PI. : certus Apollo, Hor. : per 
litora oertos dtmittam, Virg. 2. Of 
things; satis anlmo certo et conflnnato» 
Cic. : SAglita, Hor. Subst with gen.: 
certa maris, Tac V. Of the under- 
standing and knowledge : oertoui, swrs^ 
true (esp. freq. in neutr.) : poetremo 
certior res,' Liv.: 5o. Satin hoc certum *st? 
Ge. Certum : hlsce oculis egomet vidl, 
Ter. So certum sdre, to know for a 
certainty : Cic : certum habere, liv. : 
pro certo habere, Cic In Plaut. cer- 
tum or ocrtius facere alicul, to assure 
a person, make him certain. 2. Of 
persons : certain, sure : certua de sua 
genitura. Suet. : exitU. Tac. Esp. the 
comparat. with &cere, agreeli^ with 
the otject of the act. verb, and with the 
suJMeet of the pass. : foIL by de and abL 
or by gen.: the depend, sentence is the 
ace. and inf., or a rel. clause : to inform 
about, make acouainted with : de (^e- 
saris adventu HelvetU certlores facti 
sunt, Caes. : qui certiurem me sni coti- 
sUli fecit, Cic: Caesarem oertiorpm 
faciunt. sese non fadle ab oppldis vim 
hostium pmhibcre, Caes. ; fadom te cer- 
tiortm quid egerim, Cic. Also, with 
posit., though rarely: Anchisen fisdo 
certimi, remqne ordlne pando, Vlig. 
(Hence Fr. certes.) 

piece of wax : miniata, a X-ind of crayon, 

Oinuta* Ae> /• white-lead, ceruse: 
used by painters ; also in medicine, and 
as a cosmeUc : Ov. 

oimiS&tait •» wm, adj. roerroua] 
coloured or painted with whtte lead: 
buccae, Cic 

oerva« »«./• [cernw^ a hind, doe: 
Pllu. Poet. : doer In geu. ; Virg. 




Oflrffealt&UB, n. [cervU] a jrilUtw 
trbtltter: Jav. 

MfTlefilAf tt^ /• <2tm. [id.3 a tmoU 
Mcfc: Clc 

ee ivliiu i, •» om. a4f. [cervns] jMr> 
taimimg to a dear : pellli, Hor. : vellera, 
Ov.: MoectQs, Le^ffreatage: Jur. 

eoriz. fcls. /. the neA, the fiope . 
booB oenioes naUe ad Juffom, Cic : 
rnebere cervicem gUdk>, Juv. 2. 
r if. : tanpocoistis in oervicibns Dostiis 
MOirfteninin (knnlaum, Clc.: In oer- 
^1doag «Uci;)qs eMe, of too greftt or 
da ng W DO g proximity: etd belliun in- 
99it ia oerridbos erat, liv. For (n>I<^ 
•oi; qoi tADtIs eront cervidbns reco- 
pentores, Cic 

Mryns (old ortbogr. oervof). U »»• 
« i^9, a deor: Cic : Tiocere cervum 
cmw, PI. Meton. : ctrvl, forked 
itaka, UmL Lt, aehetauxdefrite: 

MSP60* 1% ^> cacowfl. 

9mS3ot «tais,/ [ceaio] a tarrying, 
imfing: oon datar oeaaatio. PL fl. 
a iMvnur <^, idUftg, ee$9ation^ inac- 
Uritf^ idlate$$: oeuatio libera atque 

OeMfttor. 6ri». •• [M] « W<»<r, 
oa tfkr, a dAOorsMKraon : Hor. 

e«lio« 5oto, /. [cedo]. l«gal 1. 1.: 
ttgimMg m/>, surremiering : Cic 

MgtOt *^* atom, I. V. «. and a./req. 
[HVio I«a«e ojff, <le2<^, Knger.loiter, 
cr, tti fen., to cease/rom^ ttop : Gorgias 
ccotmn et weptem complevit anoos, 
ficqne mmiaiii in boo studio atqne opere 
ceiMTlt,(lc .^Ifrfoi. .* ad anna ceiaanteB 
nndtetfBor. In admonitlonfl : ceiwas 
la ▼()(« p r e oe aQ oe, Tros, ait, Aenea f 
cmmf Vtrg. With i^f.: mori, Hor. 
H. In gen. : to be inactive, idle. (U 
Utarv, to do notAing : cor tarn mnltos 
An* nihil agere et cemve patltur? 
Oc. 2. Of things : to he at rest, w^ 
n^lofoii, or iMHU^d, etc: quid ita 
ceaianmt pedea ? Plmedr. : solas sine 
tare reUctas praeteritae ceesasse femnt 
htHMa^ araiL Le. remained untaught, 
^mapproaehed. Or. Of land : to lie tm- 
fwiated, fallow: altemis idem tonsas 
vcaHiv novates, Virg. Sometimes with 
dat : to have leisure for, I. e. to at- 
find to. applf oneself to : otRdo, IJv. 
fJH. not to he at kamd or present, to 
^vttmting: oessat votontas? non alia 
Wtan me<tede, Hor. Hence, legal 1. 1. : 
«f penona: not to appear before a tri- 
hnmai, to maJee default: cnlpane quis 
m sllqua neceafdwte rtnmmti. Suet 
Fig,: to he in fault, err (rare): ut 
'n^ptor li p«ocat : si qui moltmncessat, 

Mttrotplieiid5n€* ^ f.^^Ktorpo- 

rW^. a military engine for hurling 
«t«<KS: UT. 
CeitBl » eaestna, a bosEcr's glove: v. 

Oitftrinm, ti. *•• aJUhpond : Hor. 
•H&nilS* li. w. a fish-monger: Clc 
cat*. ▼. cetu*. 

tHix*, cetera, cetfrmn (the ntrm. 
•ov.*. not in use: tbe tuiif. in general. 

rare), adj. the other, the rest, the re- 
nuUnder. In ting. : si restem et cete- 
rum omatom mullebrem pretii miyjoris 
habeat, Cic : classis, Liv. In plur. : 
the rest, the othertt: ceterarum rermn 
pmdens, Clc 2. ^eutr. absol.: et 
cetera,, seldom cetera, and to forth : 
solem, Innam, mare, cetera, Lucr. [Prob. 
akin to irtpott the aspirate and the e 
being interduinged.] 

Odtdr&» adv. (n. of ceteri used ad- 
verbially), as to the rest, otherwise, else : 
Boochus praeter nomen cetera Ignams 
populi Romani, Sail. Poet, with verbs : 
oetcra paroe puer bello, Virg. 

Oit^i^QHl or -qnin C<^ter qnl^ adv. 
for the reU, in other respects, othenoise 
(rare and dub.): ubi ceteroquin sum 

oStdrUSlf o<iv- for Oke rest, in other 
respects, otherwise: foedera alia alils 
leglbus, oeterum eodem modo omnia 
flunt, Liv. 2. In passing to a new 
thought : besides, for (he rest : oeterum 
ex alils negotiia, quae Ingpnio exer- 
oentur, Sail. 8. With a restricting 
force, commonly conUasted with modem 
or a neg. phrase : but, yet, notwitkstandr 
ing, stUl, on the other hand : id quan- 
quam, nihil portendentlbns diis. ceterum 
negUgentia humana aodderat, Liv. 

cetOS) *. V. cetus. 

06tra (caetraO. «e, /. [prob. a Spa- 
nlrii worn] a short Spanish shield: 

OfitrfttnSt ^ inn« ^' [cetra] armed 
nith a cetn, Aield-bearing : o^ors, 
Caes. Subst. oetrati,id. 

Oette. ▼. cedo. 

OdtOflf !• *n. (accord, to the Gr. oetos, 
n.; and hence oMnmon in the plur. 
oete, Virg.) =s ic^roc, any large tea- 
animal, a whale, a shark, dog-fish, seal, 
dolphin, etc.: Plin.: PI. 

C011, adv. [contr. from d-re, qui-ve, 
like nen and seu, from neve and sivej 
as, like as, ftist as. Hence in com- 
poiisons: tennis fbgit ceu ftimus in 
anras, Virg. WIthquum : as when : id. 
With si : Lucr. ||. In a condlUonal 
sense for ceu si : as if, as it uere, like 
as if, etc : per aperta volans, ceu liber 
babenis, aequora, Virg. Hence with a 
sitM. : ceu cetera nuaquam tiella forent, 

Oh&lf 1)SI1U. •. ran, otfF. Cx«IAw^] of 
steel: mafisa,OT. 

eh&l7bt«yl>l8. ^•X^W't tteel.* vul- 
n1flcQ«que chalybs vasta fomaoe Uques- 
dt, Virg. 

Ch&oSt o^' Chao (other cases not 
used in the class, per.), n. b ;^aof : in- 
finite space: hence, the de^ thasm, 
gulf, or pit of the Lower World: pos- 
sldet alter aquas, alter inane chaos, 
Ov. : impersonated: teroeutum tonat 
ore decs, Erebtunquc, Chaoeque, Virg. 
H. the confused, shapeless mats out 
of M^idk the universe teas created, 
chaos: Ov. 

chanu a^* /• <> ^f**^ unknown to us, 
perb. wild cabbage : Caes. 

II. Me ton.: abrand 

lit. a marker. 

or mark: Col. Ff'g. : a characteristic, 
mark, character, style, etc. : sed Jam 
forma ipsa restat, et character ille, Clc 
Oh&nstiUl, orum, n. plu.=xaoi<rTta, 
afamiln banquet at uhich family feuds 
were settled: Ov. (v. Smltfi's Ant 8|). 

oharta, ««, /.=i x^vit*. « *«»/ </ 

the Hgyptian papyrtu, paper: Plin.: 
dentata, smoothed, Clc ||. M e to n. : 
the papyrus j^nt, Plin. 2« o v.riU 
in{f, letter, poem, etc : Cic. |||. any 
thxn leaf, jMote, lamina : charta plum- 
bea. Suet (Hence Fr. ehartre.) 

chartftla, m, /. dim. [charta] a 
little paper, a small writing : Clc. 

Ch616f M, /. = xiiA^ (the claws of 
animals). Plur. chelae. In astron. lit 
the arms of Scorpio: but me ton. the 
constellation Libra : Virg. 

ehdiydroB, 1. ».=x^«^w. a fetid 

snake, hving for the most part in 
water, but very likely the common 
snake: Virg. 

chSlys (o«5. <*elyn, toe. chely),/.=3 
X^Avf, the tortoise : Petr. ||. M et o n. : 
a musical inttrument (a tort of lyre) 
made of itt shell : pure Lat testudo : 
inde chelyn Phoebo communia muners 
ponam, Ov. 

cheragra, ««. ▼• chirsgra. 
eMUaroliiifl, i, ».=xtAt«px«>»' ^ 

A fleet ^ commander of a thousand 
men : Tac ||> Among the Persians, 
the highest officer of stale next to the 
king : Nep. 

Ohlragra (cheragra) ae, /.«x<«P- 
aypa, gout in the hand: Hor. 

ehlrSgr&^lrani, I, n.=x«»poyp«^» 

a handrUTitxng, esp. one's oum hand- 
writing, autograph : pure Lat. manus : 
neque ntar meo chirographo neque 
slgno, Clc II. Me ton.: that which 
is written with on^s own hand: ex- 
trema pagella pnpugit roe tuo chiro- 
grapho, id. 2. a 6ond, surety, or 
obhgation under one's own hand : Suet. 

cmr9n5moi, i, com., and ohIr6n5- 

m&n, ontis (also Or. untis), m. x«Lpo- 
v6fioi or x'lpoitifwv, one who mores his 
hands aooording to the rules of art: 

ohlmrglai »«, /. = x'mxw^io, ««r- 

gery: Cels. ||. Fig.: violent reme- 
dies : chlrurgiae taedet Cic 

Chluxn, l> **• (k. vinnm) Chian wine: 

ehl&myd&tm, *» tmi, adj. dressed 
in a military cloak : Cic 

chUUnys, ydis,/.=x^«Mi?«. ofrrood, 

woaUen upper garment worn in Greece, 
tometimet purple, and inwrought with 
gold; a Grecian military cloah, a state 
mantle: Cic Worn also by non-mili- 
tary persons : by Agripplna, Tac. : by 
children. Virg. 

chOrMum, u, n.^x<»pnyi^ <*« 

training and bringing out of a chorus : 

ohdr&gni, U «».=x<v7y<^. ^ «»- 

perintendent of a chorut, the choragvt : 
PI. II. Transf. : he vho pays the 
ea^pense of a banquA : Poeta in Suet 





ohdranlai. m, ». « yop«vAi|f , a 

fiuiMplayer vbKo accompanud tkt cA«- 
rv»-danet: Sttet. 

chorda, •e,/-=X»P*<» a fpd, gut- 
ttrinff, esp. ocUgui, a itring {pf a •»•(• 
•Jcol ^ttriMHCfU): cfaonUe intentae, 
Ck. I|. arvpttcardi PL 

ehftrk (cbttre*. VIrg.) ae. /.« 
Xop<^ (most freq. In plorO. a damct tn 
a riii^, a ^UttMot : pu«ri dream paenim 
pernice d»ore», Lncr. : fesus duxere 
dwreM, Ov. 

eh5i^ or -ing, i, m. a* voptuw («c. 

vovv, pet), in pnwody, a /oot after- 
wards called trochaetu : — v^ : Cic 
<dl5rllli| V. cboreus. 

#apitfTijf , Ae lolko pfayt (Ae citAara to 
aocoNuuny acAona: Snet. 

eh&Utt i» M. a*xop6c, a donee in a 
ring^ a round dance ss chorea : levei 
Nympfaanim chori, Hor. ||. M e t o n. : 
choir : saltatofM, dtbaristat, totam da- 
niqne oomiMatlonlfl Antonianae dionim. 
Cic: dioras Dryadnm, Vlrg. Of tb« 
dionu in tragedy : acloris partes dionu 
ofBdumque virile defendat, Hor. 8. 
tkt heavenly bodie* moving in hamwny : 
Pteiadom, id. |||. In gen., a muUi' 
Uidt, bamd, troopt crowd : dioras Juven- 
tntlt, Cic. : Baiana negotia, chonunque 
ilium, that aet of idlerg, id. (Hence 
Fr. KMoeur; Eng. ehoir^ ^utre.) 

ChristUnnSf l* m.^^Xptariav^, a 
Chrittian: Tac: Suet. 

Ohl^BM, 1, m.axpv<^> ^ • P*- 

idbarla, oram, n.plu. [dbus] food^ 
mi<r»m«nl, victuali^ provisions^ fod- 
der: inopla dbariomm, Caes. : Cic 
8. money paid from the treasury 
to magistrates of Me provinces: Id. 
(Hence Ital. civaja.) 

dMrini, «• tuQi o^f' [ld.1 Dertain- 
ing to food: res, PI. H.Meton.: 
ordinary^ common : panli, coarse bread, 

<flbfttlllt Q** *•• [dbo] food, victuals, 
nutriment: PI. 

tStiOt atom, i. v. a, [dbos^ ^ ff^^ 
food to cmimals, to feed or fodder : 

dn>5x1lllllt Ut n.^Kifiiifuwt a drinh' 
ing<up (made finom the large leaves of 
the E^tlan bean) : Hor. 

<Alll, It ni. food for man and beast, 
victual$^are,nutriment,fodder: dbum 
capere, PI. : petere, Tcr. ; capessere (of 
animals). Cic. : dbus animalis, the nou- 
rishment in the air. Id. 8. Transf. 
to plants, the nutritive juice: Lurr. 
II. Fig.: sustenawx (rare): quasi 
qnidain bumanltatit dbus, Cic 

ftTffMfti ACt/* theeicada,tree-erieJcet: 
Vlrg. H. Meton. : summer: Juv. 
(Hence Ital. cigala; Fr. dgale.) 

olofttrloOtni, «. um, adj. [dcatrix] 
full of scars, covered with scars : PI. 

CflcAtriXi Icis, /. a sear, a cicatrice: 
dcatrices advenae, ufounds in front, 
CIc/ 2. Transf. to plants: a mark 
of incision : admorso signata in stirpe 
-Beatrix. Vlrg. ||. Fig.: refricare 


obductam Jam rel pablicae dcatrioem, 
to ot)$n a wound qfresh, Cic 

iOOenM, It M* » KAMoc, the core qf a 
pomegranate ; hence for something un- 
important, worthUu, a tr\fle : PI. 
(Hence It. dea, cigolo; Fr. chiohe, cAi- 
quU, chioaru,) 

Oleeri Crli> n> t^ AieU-pea: Hot. 
(Hence It. eeoe; Fr.chiche.) 

cieilendmm «nd dcfmftiKlmm, 

t, n. fanetful names for spice : PI. 

Olo5lda* M, /. a stoiir, the while 
stork : Hor. : Ckx (Hence It. doogna ; 
Ft, cigogneJ) 

€levr, firia, a4j..tawte: dcurmn vel 
ferarum beatlarum genera, CIc 

(do11ta» M, /. hemlock: Ov. I|. 
Meton.: the poison extracted from it: 
Hor. 8. a pipe or flute made from 
the stalks qf the hemlock, a shepherds 
pipe: Vlrg. 

dttOf dvi, dtum, 1. V. a. (the primi- 
tive form do occurs in the compounds 
aodo, exdo, eto.), to m te, to put in 
vtotion, to shake: calcem, to make a 
move in the game of draughts or che- 
quers, PI.: natura omnia dens et agi- 
tans, etc: imo Nereus det aequora 
ftindo, stirs up, Virg. ||. Legal 1. 1. : 
dere herctum (lit. to /mt in motion, 
t e.) to divide the inheritance, Cic 
III, to rouse up, disturb, agitate : 
(mare; venti et aurae dent, Uv. |V. 
to rouse or excite to or against somo- 
thing, to caU or send for: ad arma, 
id. : aere dere viros, Vlrg. V. ^ co^ 
upon for hdp, to invoke : noctumos 
manes, id. : fbedera et deos, IJv. VI* 
to ooU vpon byname,mention byname: 
herum, PL: Uiumphnm nomine dere, 
i. e. to call lo triumphe I liv. Hence : 
patrem, to name ones father, L e. show 
on€sfree birth. Id. VII. **> «i«Mt- 
kUe, produce, effect, cause : often used 
with a subst. periphrastically : motus, 
Cic : vartas voces, Lucr. * dere bellum, 
to stir up or bring on war : Liv. : also 
to carry on war, to renew a combat, 
to give new trnpuZie to a Jight : oonsul 
pugnam debet, id. 

<^<dllllli ll> n* *^ Kt\iiMi¥, a cloth 
wuide of Cilieian goats' hair, used by 
soldiers oiut seamen : CIc : liv. 

^dinaZt Icis, m. a bug : PUn. As a 
term of reproach : ciroex Pantilius, Hor. 

obutadiom, <^ um, o^;. rdnaedus] 
pertaining to one who is un<Mute : PI. 

fffTlfMMTIti U m.=B«ciMu^, he tcho 
indulges in unnatural lust : PI. : Juv. 
if. a wanton dancer : PI. 

oiXLOillll&tllS* 04^- Fdndnnnsl wUh 
curled hair, having locks or ringlets qf 
hair: Cic. 

dnoixinilS* U *>*. curled hair, a lock 
or curt of hckr: <3c Fig.: too arti- 
ficial or elaborate oratorical ornament 
(cf. calamister) : in uratoris aut in poe- 
tae dndunis ac f^ioo, Id. 

oinotSd&llll* it m- dim, rdnctusl a 
littU girdU :m. 

dnotfirat •«. /• [W.] a girding, 
a girdle (very rare): Suet (Hence 
It. cintwra ; Fr. oeinture.) 

dnotnSf ». vm. Part. Qdngo]. 
Oinotlllt &•• «>• [cingo] a girdimg 

(rare) : dnctns tiabtnua, a 
manner qf girding the toga on 
occasions (v. Smith's Ant. j8o): tn- 
dnctos dncta Oabtno, Uv. . y. Me* 
ton.: agirdU,beU: alne dnoCnet dl»> 
calceatos. Suet. 

dnotfttOft *• i°n> o49* [dnctiM] 
gilded, airtjnn) : Ov.: Hor. 

Ofa#mfftHli Ai nni, a^Hf. Qdnia facio^ 
reduced to ashes: Lucr. 

dngo, xl, Dctum, |. v.a. to gird^ 
bmd rtrntML etc. : Hispano dngitnr gl*- 
dio, liv. Poet, in psias. with ooc : in- 
utile ferrum dngitur, Vlxg. From the 
Idea of girding : 8. to make onmes^ 
ready, to prepart : dngitm-, certe ex- 
pedit »e, PL ||. Esp. of the besKl : 
to enetrcle, wreathe, crown (moetljr 
poet.): tempora floribua, Hor. Fig.: 
Atlantis, cinctnm assldue cui nufaiboa 
atris pinlferum caput et vento palsatnr 
et imbri, Vlig. ||l. Of placM: to 
surround, enctrde, isiolou (the prevail- 
ing signif. in prose^: flumen Dubls pene 
totum opptdum dngit, Caea.: mootes 
qui Thessaliam dngunt, Id. : provinda 
mari dncta, a sea-girt province, CIc 
Poet.: clnxenint aethera nimbi, co- 
vered, Vlig. Fig. : dlligentius miiem 
religione quam Ipsis morbus dngltis, 
Cic. IV. MiUt. (. I. to beset, to be- 
leaguer, to invest a place, etc : NerHl 
vatlo et fossa hibema (Romanomm) 
dngunt, Caes. Fig.: bidlla moitis 
unique dncta periculia, beset, Cic 8. 
to cover, i. e. protect : equitatua lalerm 
dngebat, Gaea. 8. Of fortlflcatloaa: 
to man, 1. e. to surrousul with men : 
praesldii tantom eat, ut ne mums qnl- 
dem dngl poadt, id. V. ^ escort, 
to aooon u Mtny (rare) : dum latus noctf 
dngit tibi tuta senatua, Ov. (Heoce 
Fr. oeMMire.) 

«<<Ttffft1fc ae,/. [dngo] a girdle, bctt, 

nin rf lwm i, n. [Id.1 a ymDe, beU 
(mostly poet.')^ Petr. More freq. in 
plur. : dogftla, a sword-bdt, Vlrg. 
(Hence ItaX.dngolo; Fr.sangle,) 

dngfilni, 1. m. [U] a girdle qf 
the earth, a sone : CIc 

dniflo. finis, m. rdnia flo]s dnera- 
rius, a ha*r<urler: Hor. 

(Onii, Srls, m. (ranaly fern.) ashes : 
Incedls per i|nes snnposltos ^eri do- 
loao, Hor. Prov. : hi\Jua sennooea d- 
nerem hand quaeritant, her speeches 
need no a^us, I. e. require no orna- 
ment *<a poliMing, PI. Fig.: omne 
verterat in fUmum et dnerem, had 
oonstuned, spent, Hor. |l. Bsp. the 
ashes of a corpse that has been burnt 
(both in sing, and plur.) : dare poenas 
clneri atque oasibus darUsimi tM, Qc 
Poet.: poat dnerem dnares baoatoa ad 
pectora preasant, q^ler burning the 
corpse, Ov. 8. <^ rwffu tf a city 
reduced to ashes : dnerea patriae, Vlrg. 
(Hence Ital. cenere; Fr. cendre; Eng. 

f^pii^mlWwt iwi or irfmilttwmw, i. 




or K(yyaiu)¥: dnna- 
PHn. iLt a teim of emkarment : 
PL I. Meton.: hir^<{f ewNUMMm: 
do, Ire, ▼. deo. 

Spqs, i, m. a pale, itaJety put, 
etc.: a gravettofte, on tcAicA was tome- 
tMM« tMcrOtfd M« extent of the bur jh 
My^nmnd .- Hot. : v. Smith'! Ant 86. 
U. In millt. lang., cippi, palitades : 

eiroL ado. and prep, for dream. 
A. -^e. : <arotmd, round about, all 
armmd, in the environs qf: grunen 
crtt drca, Ov. : ex moatflMU, mi ctrca 
waai, liT. : mulUnnn drea clTitatam 
irrltati* aoimla, the nei(^kbouring towns, 
U. B. Pirp. with ace. : of ipace : 
about, aromnd : nocta ligna oontaleront 
dica CMam c«un, in qua qnietcebat, 
K«P< 8. With the idea of motion: 
U... round abottt; toaU . , . around, 
etc : Romnlua Icfpttos drca vidnas 
nolM misit, liv.: literii drca prae- 
MdM dimtwto. having dispatched eireu- 
Isr letters to the eowMnanding offi^rt, 
H 8. round about, near to, in the 
9«ighb^irhood of: detrimentit qaltnuk 
dan drca mootem Amanom aoceptis, 
Ctea. 4. lodeflnitelj, womewkere 

shout or in: Ore«tit Uberl aedem ce- 
ven drca Lesbom innilam. Veil. 5. 
or attendants, companions, cte. : around^ 
atotit.* molta atbi opua eaae, mnlta cani- 
IxB Mda, qoos drca m haberet, CIc 
HcQoa alao without a verb, drca ali> 
qoeai, the attendants, eompanioju, ad- 
hermts cf a person: omnlbua Tero drca 
ram gratolto aut levi fenore obatrictia, 
floei. n. or time: ohout, touxtrds: 
poateio die drm eandem boram in eun- 
vm locum rex oopiaa admovit, LJv. : 
drca Qeeronetn, about Cicer<fs time, 
Sen. in. Of number : about, nearljf, 
simost (for drdter): ea ftiere oppida 
drca teptaaginta, lAr. |y. Fig. : 
about, rtspecting, of, concerning: with 
ntMtt., a4])., or verba- drca eosdem 
MwucertameD atquc. iiemulatio,Quint. : 
dna cotporis curam morosior. Suet.: 
cbca formM Uteramm haerere, Quint 
£t. drcam.3 

drdno, •▼)• ^tmn, i. «. a. [drdnua^ 
to Wkoke round, to round : arttorea, quae 
Id oftno ramoa drdnant Piin. Poet: 
(QjUentus) tscUnat curana et easdem 
didnat aoraa, JUes through in a dreu- 

dniniu, 1* M. s «4>'ctrof , apair qf 
oompasoes: Caea. (Henoe It. cercine; 

t^dttr, Adv. and i»TP' Of place: 
Inddlnitely: about, near: loc» haec 
drdter. near this place, PL ||. Of 
time : about, towards (governing the 
oec^ and >>ined adverbially with abls. 
¥^*^) ■■ dkbu drdter quindedm ad 
von Belgamin pervenit, in about f/teen 
daafv. Qaea. : octavam drdter noram, 
^*- UL Of numbea: about, near, 
** far from : drdter OCXS., naves 
^cnrnparatlMlmae, CkM.: drdter pars 
Siiirta, San.: drdter parte tertia (ar- 

moTum) oelata ei in oppido retenta, 
Caea. iCireiter atanda related to circa, 
dreum, aa inter to in, praeter to pros, 
to prope sad subter Vo sub^ 
M. ire. V. drcomco. 
.ttOi *ni». /• [drcnmeo] a 
round; In miUt lang. the rounds, 
the patrol: circuitlo ac cura aedlUtmi 
plebd erat, Liv. g. Fig. : a round- 
about way qf speaking or acting: 
quid opua eat drcuitione etamftactu? 

itOlf ^ lUDt Part, rclfcumeo'l. 
[toi (drcumltus), 08, m. jTor- 
a going round, a circuu, a 
ion : drcuitua aolLs orblum V. et 
LX. et CCC. quarta fere did parte ad- 
dita oonverdonem confldtmt annuam, 
Cic. II, Meton. : the path traversed 
in going round, a circuv\ference, com- 
pass: collia, quern pnq>ter magnitudi- 
nem drcuitua opere complecti non po- 
terant, Caea. |||. Fig.: in rhetoric, 
a period : in toto drcuitu iUo orationia, 
Cic. 2. o circumlocution, a peri- 
phrasis, an indirect procedure: dr> 
cuitu rea oatendere et tranalationibua. 

drolil&tixilf <x^« [drculor^ drcu- 
larlv, in a circle, in groups. Suet 

eutriUor. atus, i. v.d^. [drculus] 
to form a circle, to form in groups for 
conversation : totia vero caatris militea 
drculari et dolere, Caea. 

eirojilnft i* *>^ (contr. drdua, Virg.) 
[drcuaj a circular fgure, a circle: dr- 
culua aut orfaia, ani irvicAof Graece dl- 
dtur, Cic. 2. in astronomy, a cir- 
cular path, orbit : atellae circuloa suoa 
orbeaque oonfldunt celeritate mirabill, 
id. n. ^^ (<>'*•• an]f circular body; 
a ring, hoop, chain : Viig. 2. o 
circle or ooatpany for aociol inter- 
course Tmoatly Jmut.) : in ooaviviia 
rodunt, in drculfa vellicant, Cic. : de 
drculo se aubducere. to vyithdrawfrom 
an assembly, Id. (Henoe Itol.ctrooto; 
Fr. cercle.) 

Oireiiin* odv. and prep, with ace. 
around, about, dU around. A. -^v. : 
ex ea turri quae drcum eesent opera 
tuert ae poaae conflai sunt, Caea. 2. 
Strengthened with undique : from every 
part around, all aroimd: drcum un- 
dique convenere, Virg. I|. denoting 
proximity : in the neigMtourhood : 
bostilibua drcum Utorlbus, Tac B. 
/Yrp. with occ. : around, about, among : 
terra dmim axem se summa celeritate 
convertit, Cic : varioa hie flumina cir- 
cum ftmdit humus flores, on the borden 
of the rivulets, Virg.: turn Naevlua 
poeroa drctmi amicoa dimittit, round 
to his friends, Cic ||. Denoting 
proximity : in the neighbourhood of, at, 
near: urbea. auae drcum Capuam sunt, 
^* III. Oi attendants, companiona, 
adOberenta. etc.: paucae. quae drcum 
illam assent manent, a few renuiin to 
unit upon her, Ter.: Hectora drcum, 
Virg.: servi drcum pedes = ad pedes, 
in attendance (rare). Cic. (^um ia 
•ometlmee placeid after its inbat: Cic: 

Virg. C. In composition the m 
remaina unchanged before consonanta, 
although aome ikss. and msb. give dr* 
cnn- for drcum-, aa drcnndo, drcnn- 
flexua, etc. : heton vowels, drvnm was, 
aoc to Prise, written in full, but (except 
before i and r) the m waa not pro- 
nounced. Yet in the best Mas. we find 
the ortliography drcuitio. drcuitua, and 
even cir^ieo together with drciuneo. 
Signif . : around, about, in the neighbour- 
hood qf (whether the verb denotea rest 
or motion) : drcumcfdo, drcumfluo, etc. : 
in some instances the compds. with am- 
and drcum- correspond, e. g. ambitus 
and drcumitua. After verbs com- 
pounded with drcum, the preposition 
is never repeated : hence such expres- 
sions aa, drcumcnrsare drcum aliqukl 
are not found. [Prob. ace of circus i it 
atanda aide by side wiUi circa, aa juz- 
tim with juxta : cf. advenmm, secund- 
um, and coram.] 

0ir0111ll-&g0f Sgi, actum, i. V. a. to 
set in circular motion, to drive or turn 
in a circle, turn round, v^heel : impera 
suovetaurilia dreumagl, Cato : (annus) 
qui sobtitiali drcumagitur orbe, Liv. 
2. Leg. 1. 1. to manumit a slave 
by turning him round (v. ^nith's Ant 
248'): Pers. Fig.: qui se Uli (philo- 
Bophiae) 8ul:()edt et tradidit, statiro dr- 
cumagitur. Sen. II. Fig.: of time: 
with pron. reflect, or more freq. in 
. : to pass away, to be spent : in 
oonatu rerum drcumegit se annus, 

IV. : drcumactus est annus, id. |||. 
Fig. : <^ the changes of fortune, dc: 
una voce, aua Quirites eos pro mi- 
litibus iqppellarat, facile drcumegit et 
flexit. Suet IV. to lead or driw 
about, convey from one place to an- 
other: (mUites) hue lllnc damoriboa 
ho6tinmcircumagi,Tac: nil opua eat te 
drcnma^ for you to follow me up and 
dovm, Hor. Fig.: non pendere ex 
alterius vuUu ac nutu, nee alienl mo- 
mentis animi drcumagi, Liv. 

oiroii2n-&ro, >• v. a. to plough 
around: Liv. 

drenm-caettbrai »e,f. the external 
oontour or outline : Lucr. 

oircroiD-cIdOt ddi, dsum, }. V. a. 
[caedo Jto cut around, shear, cUp, trim : 
ara agncolarum, quae circumddat am- 
putet, Cic: caespitem gladils, Caes. 
II. Fig.: to cut short, dock, shorten, 
abrtige, diminiA: sumptus drcumciai 
aut sublatl, Liv. 

oircil]ll-Oiro&, odv. aU around: PL 

dirciU&cdBllfl, ft. um. Part, [circum- 
ddoT cut around, cut off: hence, ac^, 
of places : steep, precipitous, inacces- 
sible : oollla ex omni parte drcumdsus, 

oircuni-clflaOf d, sum, ]. V. a. 
[claudoTto shut or hem in, inclose on 
every tide : ne duobus circumcloderetnr 
exerdtlbus, Caea. : comua ab labris 
argento dreumclndunt surround with 
a silver rim, id. Fi g. : L. Catilina con- 
siliis, laborious, periculis meis circum- 
clusus ac debilitatus, Cic. 





Oiroxun-oSlo, ?. «• a. to dweU round 
about or near : dnum maris, Liv. 

oiroiun-ciinOi l* ^- <^ ^uid n. freq. 
to run round about : PI. : Ter. 

Oiroum-do, ^Mi, dfttum, dire, i. 
tj. tt. to put round: constr. (i) with 
aoc and dot.: (2) with aec. and aU. 

I. With aoc. (or in poM., nom.) and 
da<. : to ptUf place, or «e< nmnd : aer 
omnibus est rcbns drcamdatus apposl- 
tnsque, Lucr. : satellites armatos con- 
tionL Liv. : toto oppido rounltiones cir- 
cmndare moratur. he delatft to draw 
hi$ linet o/fortijlcation entirely round 
the toum. Caes. : eqiiltes comiDUs dr- 
comdat. he JUxnkt tke wings with cO' 
valry, Liv. WIUi aoc. only: ligna et 
sarmenta drcxnndare ignemque sul^- 
cere cocperunt, Cic. 2. Fig*-' c*^' 
oelli. quos mihi ipse drcumdedi, id. : 
cgregiam Csznam pad drcumdedit, 
clotKed peace with ttgnal honour, Tac 

J I. With ace. and oM. : to sur- 
with, encompau, inclose, encircle 
with : animnm (deus) drcumdedit cot- 
jjore et yestlvit extrlnseciw, Cic. : op- 
pidum quints castris, Caes. 2. ^- '• 
pueriUam robore, Tac 
oireiim-dfloOl xi, ctum, j. v. a. 

(imper. drcuraduce. Plant.) to lead or 
draw around: quatiior cohortibus Ion- 
Riore itinere drcumductio, Caes. Absol. : 
preeter castra bo6tium drcumdudt, 
marches around, Liv. With two aceus. : 
eho istnm, puer, drctimduce hasce aedcs 
et conclavia. Pi. Of things: flumcn 
Dubls, ut drdno drcumductum, pene 
totum oppidum dngtt, Caes. ||. Fi g. : 
to checU or defraud of: vrith am. : qna- 
dragintis Philippb Alius me et Chry- 
salus drcumduxerunt, PI. 2. to 

lengthen out: reliqnam dlei partem 
per organa hydraulica drcumduxit, 
veiled away the rest 0/ the day. Suet. 

OirC]lundacti[0> Onis,/. [drcumducol 
a leading round : aquarum, Vitr. \\, 
Fig.: a cheating^ drfrauding: nee 
pueri suppositio nee argentl drcum- 
dnctio, PI. 

dronmduotaii *. um, Pan. [dr- 

oircom-te or cironSfii i^i or li, 

circultum, 4. v. n. and a. to go around, 
travel, or marcfc around, etc. : per hor- 
tum drcuit, PL: ipse Caedna quum 
drouiret praedia, venit in istum ftm- 
dum, Cic. : sparsts Medea capillis Bac- 
diantum ritu flagrantes drcuit aras, Ov. 

II. MUit. 1. 1. to march rounds take 
in tke rear, inclou, encompass: often 
found in the pass, to be surrounded, 
encompassed : cohortes sinbtrum oomn 
drcumieniut, eosque a tergo sunt ador- 
ti, Cam. : ut pandere aclem et exae- 
quarl oomibus nostibus, quibus drcumi- 
bintur.possent, Liv. f^ig.: totius belli 
fluctlbus drcumiri, Cic. |||. to go 
about ainvassing, soliciting, etc. : (An- 
tonium) circumire veteranos. nt acta 
Caesaris sandrent, id.: Quinctilins dr* 
cumire adem Curionis coepit, Caes. 

IV. FIr. •• to circumvent, get the 
Utter of, decttve, cA«eU : ne peiitia lo- 


oorum drcumiretur, Tac. : multa prior 
arte Camillam circuit, VIrg. 2. Of 
discourse : to ezpreu by circumlocution : 
Ve^posiani nomen sus^nsi et vitabundi 
drcumibont, they shirked the name, 
avoided mentioning it, Tac 

dronm-^tiltOf i. «. a. to ride 

round : moenia, Liv. 

oirouni-firOt tQU» lltum, ferre, j. 
V. a. to carry round, or, in gen. to more 
round: age drcumfer muUura, hand 
round, BL : sanguinem in pateris. Sail. : 
codicem, Cic. : hue atque hue ades cir- 
cumtulit, Virg. : circumferens minadter 
oculos, throatfuUy rolling his eyes 
around, Liv. : sol ut circuroferatur, may 
revolve, Cic. 2. Religious 1. 1. : to 
carry round in order to purtfy : whence 
me ton. : topun/ysslustrare, purgare : 
idem ter sodos pura drcumtuUt unda, 
Virg. II. Fig.: to spread around: 
bellum, Liv. 2* ^ publish, proclaini, 
divulge : novi aliquAm. quae se drctun- 
ferat esse Oorinnam, Ov. 

oirciun-flectOt xi, xum, 3. v a. to 

bend, wheel cJ)out, to turn bade: longos 
circtunflectere cnrsus, Virg. 

oireuniflezait ^ um. Part, [dr- 

oironxn-flOt i. v. n. to Uow round 
about (extremely rare). Fig. : ab 
omnibus ventis invidiue drcunmari, to 
be blown upon by all the vHnds of envy, 

oiroum-flllOi xi, j. v. n. and a. to 
flow round : utnraique latus drcumfluit 
aeqnorls unda, Ov. ||. Fig. : to flock 
around, encompass : roulos drcumflux- 
isse (lupum) et ungults caedcndo eum 
ocddlsse, Varr. 2. to be overflowing, 
to aJbound : insatlabilis avaritiae est. ad- 
hue implere velle. quod Jam drcum- 
fluit. Curt. 3. With abl. like abun- 
dare : to 000^010 with, to have an 
abundance, to be rich in : drciunfluere 
omnibus copiis atque in omnium rcrum 
abundantia vivere, Cic. Also aiaol.: 
istum drcumfluere atque abuudare, id. 

cironmfllinBt ^ um, ac^. [drcum- 
fluoj. Act.: flowing around, circum- 
fluent : humor, Ov. ||. Pass. : sur- 
rounded with water: insula, id. 

eiroiun-l3r&]iSti8« a. um, adj. [dr- 
cum forum with a4]. term, -ancud] 
all around the market or forum : and 
as the bankers* shops were round the 
forum, hence, aes circumforaneum, 
money borrowed from the bank-ers : Cic. 
11. strolling about from market to 
market, that attends markets: phar- 
macopola, id. 

eix^Bnm-faiido, f^i > fQsnm. 

pour around, to pour all over, to drench : 
with the aec. (or nom. in pass.) dther of 
that which is poured, or of tliat around 
which it is poured : Tigris urbi drciim- 
ftmditur, flows round the toivn, Plin. : 
terram crassissimus drctmiftmdit aSSr, 
encompasses, envelopes, Cic. : terra cir- 
cnmAisa iUo mari, quern oceanum ap- 
pellatift, id. ||, Me ton. : pau. with 
tntrans. sign^.: to awed around, to 
preu upon, cUng to: circumftmduntur 

ex reliquis hostes partibus, Caca. With 
dat.^ drcumfundebantnr obvils sdsd- 
tantes, Liv. Poet, of a single persoa : 
et nunc hac Juveni, nunc drcummnditur 
iliac, clings to. Ov. Fig. : undlqoe dr- 
cumfusae moiestiae, Cic Act. in the 
same sense : circumfbdit equea, Tac 
III. In gen. : to enclose, environ, 
surround: M. Catonem vkii in UbUo- 
theca sedentem, multis drcomftuum 
Stoicorum Ubris, Cic Fig. : quum bat 
terras incolentes drcumi^ erant c^ 
OirQumffilvt, ■• ^i^t Port. Qdrcom- 

cirCQSl-ffSl&Oy 3. V. n. to roar 
aroufi^ : drcumgemit ursua ovile, Hor. 

ciroiini-gesto, 1. v. a. to bear or 
carry around : epistolam. Cic 

oiroum-grMIor, gressus, |. v. dep, 
[gradiorl to walk round, surround 
(e»p. with a view of attaddng): barbari 
laoessunt, drcumgrediuntur, occursant, 

oirenmmms, N nm. Port [drw 


oiroum-iajXoIo, J. «. a. to cast in 
round (^ut: Tallmn. Liv. 

oiroumltiOi v- drcuitio. 

eiV0TlZIUtllf| ▼• circttitus. 

cirouni-jaoSo, z. v. n. to lie round 
about, to border upon: Lycaonia et 
Phrygia drcun^Jacent Europae, Liv.: 
ciicumjacentes popull, Tac 

oironmiaoio, ▼• drcunvJido, init. 

oironnuootnit a- ^>™* Port, rdrcnm- 

Jido]. II. a3S. : Of looiUUea : lying 
around, surrounding: aedlflda maris, 
Liv. : planities salUbua, Tac 

eiroTunjeotiiSi ^ <**• [drcun^tido^ 

a casting arotma, a surrounding, en- 
compassing (nre) : mnnita arx drcom- 
jectu arduo, Cic 
cirouxn-floXOi j^> Jectum, |. v. a, 

[Jacio] to oast, throw, or place around: 
vallum, Liv.: multitodinem hominom 
totis moenibus, Caes. In pass, with an 
ace. depend, on circum: quod aoguis 
domi vectcm drcun^iectus ftiisaet, muI 
uwind itself around, Cic 2. With 
abl. : to encompass or environ with : 
animus extremitatem coell rotundo 
ambitu drcuQJedt, id. 

cirouml&tns, ». um, Poh. [r. dr- 

dreum-UsOi ^vl, atum. i. v. a. 
With ace. and dat. : to bind or fatten 
round or to : habilem (natam) mettiae 
drcumligat hastae. Virg. ||. With 
aoc. and abl. : to bind wiA, to enooM- 
pass : femun stuppa, Liv. 

droum-UxiOi ttoperf^ntuin, ].i\a. 
(also oi^nmlulio, ire). With aoc 
and dat. : to smear aU over, to besmear: 
ciroumlita taedis sulfViFa, Ov. H, 

With aoc. and abl. : to besmear, to be- 
daub, to anoint (most f^. in part, 
perf. pass.) : drc^mlili mortui cera, 
Cic l||. Poet, in geo.: to coecr, 
dothe : drcunSlita saxa mnsoo, Hor. 

oircum-liLOi |. v. a. to treuh or flo^ 
around (rare) : pan ards dmunluittir 
a marl, Liv. 




omilDplllftrailf, AntlB, Fart. £luB- 
Oo^UglUitia all ttround : Lucr. 

Cneimi-Ili'Vlo, ^>ols, /. Cluo*] land 
itdated by the ffradttal action of tcaier ; 

CJZtmiL-lllittOf ToSii, mjianTn, j. 
«. a. to tend aroutid : Caee. : Liv. 

dreniDinOWlio, ▼• circmnmanio. 

cimun-mftlilo (drcummocnio, PI.)» 
M, loan. 4. V. a. to yxUl around, to 
frntify, ttatrt : crebris castellk drcum- 
Biudd, Cws. 

drnmiiiiftjiitilo, AQ^ /• [drcam- 
waaikfT^m^ itvoating of a tovm, cit' 
emoauaiMNi: Caes. 

ejienm-peiideo, 2. v. n. to Aatt^ 

ttnw w d : Cart. 

drensipplAlldo. J.v.a, to applaud 
maUtida:Ov. ' 

dremnplaeto, Sre, v. the foUg. 

mmnp^eiBtOr, plexus (active 
imper. droumplecte, PI.), j. v. a. 
dq» to eliup oroimd, eminxux, to sur- 
nmmd, emcompatt : coiOunctionea, Cic : 
pbaretnun anro, Vlrg.: coUem opere, 
to eiremviwallate, Caea. 

eireosupHcOi *^ atom, i. v. a. 

ttfM, wind^ or twt'iw arouiul : Cic 

c iltai ni^toO, soi* dtnm, i. r. a. to 
«(, jwl, or place aromnd : piper catillis, 
Bor. : Dfemoa atacno, Tac 

dmmpfttiUio, soi*. /• [poto] a 

anmkima rotmd in iucceuion: Frgm. 
III. Tab. in CIc. 

oircilIll-rStito, tltmn, 4. v. a. to in- 
tlote with a net, ensnare. Fig.: dr- 
cBBiretitQm freqoentla popuU Rom. esae 
tijkam, Clc [dream and rete with the 
TCfbal ienn.1 

tixcOBMndo* vf • I- ^' «• to pnav or 
nAlrfe att round: eacam, PUn. Fig. : 
dodmn cntm drcumrodo, quod devo- 
nodnm est, L e. / have long hesitated 
is speak out^ Ckr. : qui deute Tbeonlno 
qaom drcamnxUtar, L e. ii slandered^ 
tahmnialed^ Hor. 

nimillli ■ClimTOi h *- a* to rend 
armaid, strip of : LIt. 

flirrrnTn ■frfno, p*i* ptum, j. v. a. to 

dnnt a 2me around, to tnclose : orbem, 
Ck. II Fig.: to mark off , to mark 
ttc hsmnaar]f,evTumscribe,aeJine: exi- 
govm Dobia -vltae curriculum natura 
cfacomacHpcit, Immeiunnn gloriae, id. 
2» to hem in, check, haunter, re- 
<fr«M, eoff/lne, limit, etc. : tl tribunua 
phUa DotAtoa, aot senatuaconsnlto dr- 
«n&Kriptua dl, td. : ono genere drcum- 
•crfbere gemia boc anUoram. to compre- 
Acad (Ae eidtitators under one class, 
^ 8. to deceive, cheat, circumvent, 
f^trap: fklladbus et capUods intem> 
gKio nlb ca drcumacripti atque decepli, 
^ 4. to caned, to cmmd, set aside : 
boc omnl tempore Soilano ex accoaa- 
ttftae dremnacrlpto. Id. 

^Cilt limicrlptf, o^" ^^ periods : 
^Koascripui numeroaeqne dtoere, Clc 

dreillllicriptfot l^^» /• C^^^*''^*' 
Krfbuj an emetrding: and melon, a 

*<k : ex drcumscriptlone excedere. 

vie II. a boundary, limit, otUline, 

f^fotit: ccrrae drcomacilpUoDem, id. 

Ill, In rhetoric : a period : id. |V. 
a circumventing, decHoing, cheating: 
adoleacentium. id. 

dronmsoriptor. oris, m. [id.] « 

dUcU, defrauder : Clc. 

oironinfloripttii, *> ^uot Fart, [dr- 

cumscribo]. )|. Adj.: In rhetoric: 
rounded into periods : drcomacripti ver- 
borum ambitus, Cic. 

dnnua-afico, aectus, i. v. a. to cut 

or pare euvunds scrrula, Clc. ||. to 
c»reuiiicu« (for drcumddo) : Suet 

oireiun-sSdSo (aideo), edi, eMum, 2. 

V. a. to sit around, beset : florentes ami- 
corum turba drcumsedet, Sen. ||. to 
besiege, blockade, invest: opem clrcum- 
aesds ferre, Liv. |||. Fig. : n<ni ego 
sum llie ferreuB, qui non movear borum 
omnium lacrimis, a quibus me drcum- 
sesaum videtis, Cic 

oirciuil-fdpio, aeptua, 4. v. a. to 
hedge or fence around, to surround, 
indose: atagnnm aediflcila. Suet. 

(dronmiefltio, bnln, f. £drcumae- 
deoj a hostUe encompassing, a besieg- 
ing: Clc. 

ciroumfdSiUB, *• ^mi* Port. Qdr* 

o|roil2llfidoO| ▼• drcumaedeo. 

Cironni-ddO, J* v. a. UisU around, 
to sit dovon b^ort a place, to besiege : 

oirouni-dllOi 4> *• **• [niio] to 

spring or leap round (rare and poet.) : 
(passer) circumsiUens, Cat. Fig.: mor- 
borum omne genus, Juv. 

oironm-Suto, st^ti, 3. v. a. to place 
onesidf or take one's stand round, to 
stand round, to surround. WiUi ace. : 
quem omnes circumsistunt atque obse- 
crant, Caes. Pass.: ne ab omnibus 
dvitatibus drcnmsisteretur (Caesarj), id. 

oircum-fdllOt (• «. n. and a. 
Neutr.: to resound on every side, to 
ring again with, or be ^filled vnth any 
sound : locus, qui drcumsonat ululati- 
bus canluque sympboniae, Liv. ||. 
Act.: to make to echo or resound, to 
surround with noise : remos plausls dr^ 
cumsonat alls, Ov. : Butulus muixnn 
drcumsonat ormis, matus the wall echo 
u?ith the dash of arms, Vlrg. 

oircum-fdnus* ^ um, a^. sound- 
ing on every side: drcumsona turba 
canum, barking around, Ov. 

(droniOpipeot&trix, icis, /. Ae 

tcAo tooJIcs around or gases about, a spy: 

dTOnmspeotlo* Onls« /. [drcum- 
spido J a looking on aU sides, a looking 
about. Fig.: dreumspectionfCatUion: 

0ircnm-fP6Ct0, *^» atom. i. v. a. 
freq. to look about often, to search 
around, %catch: quanto se opere cus- 
todiant bestlae, ut in pastu circumspeo- 
tent, Cic. Fig.: droumspectantes de- 
fectionis tempus, watching for, Liv. 

ciltmilUPBOtllli a, um, Part, [dr- 
cumspidoj. II. Mlj. : welt considered, 
guarded, circumspect, cautious: verba 
non drcumspecta, Ov. 2. Transf. to 
persons : circutispect, he^ftd, teatch- 

ful, wary, provident: modo drcnm- 
spectus et sagax, modo inconsultus et 
praeceps. Suet. 

oiroiinispMtllff ^ *>*• [drcimi- 
spido] a toMdng around (rare) : cervix 
flexUis ad drcumspcctum, Pliu. Fig.: 
fadiis est drcumspectus, unde exeam, 
quo progredlar, Cic. |f. Meton. : u 
view around : In omnes partes drcum- 
spectus eeset, Liv. Fig.: considera- 
tion: detinere ab drcuxmipecta rerum 
allarum, id. 

oirClUII-tpIoXo, exl, ectum, }. v.n. 
and a. (petf.sync. drcumspexti, Ter.) 
[spedo, root spec]. Neutr.: to look 
about, to cast a look around: qui in 
auspidum adbibetur nee suspidt nee 
drcumspldt, Clc. Fig. : to look round, 
to be on the waUdi, be ccMtious, take 
heed: esse circumspidendum dUigenter, 
id. II. Act: to tmeto on au sides, 
to survey: tarn lata ade ne ex medio 
quidem comua sua drcumspioere po- 
terantj Liv.: saxum clrcum.«pldt in- 
gens, he descries, Vlrg. 2. Fig. : to 
view mentally, to ponder, weigh, con- 
sider: reliqua ejus consilia animo dr- 
cumspldebat, Caes. : nunquamne, homo 
amentlssime, te circomspldes. wUlyou 
examine yowrsdfT Clc 3. to look 
aJboutfor desiringly, seek for, etc. : dr- 
cumspioere externa auxlUa, Liv. 

OUtBUm-flto, st6ti, I. V. n. and a. to 
stand rouiui, to take a station round, 
encompass: ad circumstantes tendens 
sua bracbla silvae, Ov. Hence, s u b «> t. : 
drcumstantes, the bystanders, Tac. 
With acr. .• eqnites Rom. qui circom- 
stant senatum, Clc 2. to surround 
in a hostile manner, to besd, besiege : 
quem tresCuriatll drcumsteterant, Uv. 
II. Fig.: to surround, encompass, 
besd : quum dies et noctes omnia noii 
undique fiata drcumstent, Cto. 

oireiim-strdpo, no pei/.* pitum, ;. 
v.a. to make a noise around, to shout 
damoroudy round : quidsm atrodora 
drcumstrepebant, Tac. 

irfr mim- atrttrtj no peff.t ctom, 3. 
V. a. to btMd round about, surround 
with buildings : Suet 

cirouxn-fnirgoiii, entls, Part, [sur- 
go}rising all around : Tac 

Oironm-tSgO, i« v. a. to cover rounJ 
about: Lucr. 

eironsi-teiitllfi a, am. Part, [ten- 
ioj fastened round, begirt: PI. 

dream-teztnf, *. rm. Part, [texo] 

woven aU around: Vlrg. 

oirouiII-tSnOf ul, i. v. a. to thunder 
around, or poet to make a noire 
around: qua totum Nereus drcumtonat 
orbem, Ov. Fig.: bnnc drcumtonuit 
gaudens Bellona craeotiB, Hor. 

L-toniUlt *• oni, Part, [ton- 

deo] shorn all round (rare) : Suet 
lUndiqilOi v. drcum. 
i-yftdOt si, I. V. a. to assau 
or attack on every side, to encompass, 
besd: naves, liv. Fig.: (rare) novus 
terror cum ex parte utraque dnram- 
vasisset aclem, id. 

oircQxn-yftfftuii ^ ^""^t ^** ^''('^ ^' 


OTjttmriHff anmnd, AcircMif iyvj 

drgnm^TMitOT, t. ■•.da. u rUe 
at tail amund trmrt): qui Ujnmm 
wimcHnuBKCtvuitnr. Uy.fooi.: 

dnnmiTaotiii, >, bow ''vC. Qcii- 
ridtarotmd {in a tarriag* vr on Aftrac- 

^mn^jila, I. v.a. (0 «ia anwifc 

^ a. LuT: to CMH round, go rand, 
ftxnc^le, ABCMipdtf. mmvnil (nn) : 

Jtairing anwid, Tie. i, U ft 

m^ liqiis LnoptE, Eon. In CI 

nmri vldolor, Oc : t.W. ex 
8(11. S. >» iKl nn«d. a 

olroiummtiUp ^ mUf Pare ^dt- 
drcUM-TWM C^^tk), J. t.a,fitq. 
Dtrmmi^irto (™oo), j. c. a. (g 

Unir una, tvna Otrlf m Om axil. Or. 
11^ fDdeaJ,4le«JK;qulii»u'geDto 

drcoiDTortuit, PL 

lo,VI.B, II. Hflon. 


oirciui I* "*- LIL: arAtf, abir^: 

■I.,i vim.' (K™M'll.«n:Aio.) 
M(A Seylla, lAc diwatlfr ^ A'inii, 

■depU npUlD. Or. : Vlrg. 

dmii, 1. ". (mcntly Biw.) a cmt, 
•■Kk, rtBffW, or til/< 0/ *nir Jm) ; 

friRffe ujim a fimkr i Fbacdr. 

lifj^in (tJIrp. Eo uil iln tnoi.)- Wllb 

lUCK, qui dl RlKUUm incolunt. CwM. 
||.0f lli«:««*in: didln pnu- 
M, PI. In c«ml>».: CM Mil Xdc 7: 
iHlplDiu, Cbp^Junu, ftc. 
ddun, U. H. a 11^ IvmAbIhI 

6irti.''"./-=iirT,, a rikol, tat/or 
v^n(/ manty, cMMft, books, jrutX, 

iiiiiD tlTncLUD ptoni, Hot. (v, Sriilth'i 

diiaiia, u^. d<s. [cui>} a mou 
eiitellttilz. idh /. [daKUi] i«< 

drtallilU, i". /.■ Ji». pd.] a wa. 
■norcikeil: PI. 

- ■«»] a lilU* 
lun fitfeU]!, 


dtlmot. ■• um [diM] «Ii. ■ 

dtO. «vl, ilom. I. V. a. /Vtq. Ttlw] 

HI hMUui, 81L Fig.: loq" "o™ 
mlml) ul bonl ailt null ofMaoK 

PTvcoDem hI iTgnu TarqulDluBi cturi 
JuHll. Uv. 1)1. Li«il I. I. to call 


dl£blita. " 

' idtUHltrtB, •e.f.n^ntafirrpi*. 

Tc^[ ^ 


et cuvpflide w, Ter. C^fmp. 

icrMi ■pUoTR 

of flaJiiy: DVaue 

ir.Cte. < 

«, LJ'. V. ■» wMim tf 

. Duial TcUqalquti Qnfid, qoi boe 
uwHOto dunlnt, etc . 

tm Mt tide (ofP- 14 ultim) : Oemunl qui 
«9mt dm Bbcnuni. Gas. With Tcrta 

antra edntnt, C1^ Jdg.: dm 
nwta DK ultra, iKiHtfr Uii way 
ml, 0'. II. inlkin, ihirf ./. 

Hot iiv/trtor U ms/amUlt.Oy. % 
t lion C'erj' rmre): cll» Tra>n« 
mpo™, «. m. villioiil, aajt, 
ttitif artdt (fa Ax. piMier): flum 
Inn, Ti,: diiB Senktiu piipuU>(iH 
clortuUm, SueL 

eib4iUi ■■ Dm, 04^. [dtnia] ptnab^ 
vner/od, Clc- 

idtto. **'■ Cdi"! (■'"■J* "l"^ 




masm ncpe tdtro dtroque legati inter 
«• Bdtterentor. Cms. SomeUmes th« 
CQfalft b omitted: tunom deomim, 
nttro dtn> ooauneantlboB, Cfc. 

dtni* 1, «. tiU cilrM, an 4friean 
tnt wtA/ngmU wood : PUn. 

Au. •» ran. /^irt. Tcieo]. ||. 
AM,: OK^ a«0i^. n^: vox dU, 
twto. Cfc. : mvlB. Or. |||. For the 
«Akdto: cq;«il«e parent dfC PI. 

MAW, a» um, ai^. [drto] per- 
Irtiiw I* a citiMii, eimi, eivic (more 
me than dtriUa. and except with 
canoamoftly poeL) : Jura, Hor. : arma 
pn tmkliB rm, L e. dc^enee b^ore a 
frOwiur, Or.: oorooa, <m eteie crtnrm 
y edb (eatvt, bestowed tipon Aim 
hod OTtwd ike life Iff a ftUow. 
\imwm".CIkc'.\Aw. (The Moond 
fai point of hoDOor, v. Smith's 
118.) IL pertaiMing to the Jto- 
wtam ttaie: adrena, noo modo dvicae, 
nd m ItaUcae oiddem atlrpls, lAr. 

ilfl^g, e, a<M. rid.3 pertaining to a 
damn, emc, avU: inter wt dvill con- 

et lodetate ooAjoneti, Qc. : 
drfU rem oonflant, b« <A« Mood 
9f cttuou. Locr. : Eomani, dvilem 
mm danwran, inter ee gratnlantea, 
tf Aar own dUtem, LIt. : quercus 
«oonna dTica (r. dvica«X Virg.: 
jii, either opp. to Jns naturale, the 
nKtieal H^ of cOuefit, Clc. : or to 
m DabUcvah, ctvO, private rights, id. 
1. 9«rts^ilM to MtMic or nrfiMccU 
Hf^ p^ieal, ptOf^: dTiUt ratio. 
jwlWtW ancMoe, kL : dylUom rerum 
pBltai, Tac HI. Wee a cUisent 
wdtUmg a eitiun^ oovrtootu, polite^ 
i#«bfc: qoid enim dviUns illo? Ov.: 

ihffllul^'itla, /. rdvilla] tte art of 
mtt poUtict : Qaint. |l. cour- 
^ poUtaw$i, affabiiU^ (t. dvi- 
Ht^nL): Sw^ 

CMItar. adv. ofXa^ Ae manner of 
adtim, ctWim tiice r dviUter opibns 
vieiantar, Ut. Q. ctvitty, oowrte- 
mdf^Hmdl^: Tac 

tffiSy te» oeai. a eiftsen (male or 
feBMle) : dree cum dvibiu de vlrttite 
(Wtabnl, SalL (OoDoeming the righu 
«f the dvii Romanns, t. Smith's Ant. 
91 m^.) 2, Clvia meoB, tnus, etc. : 
■IT. tk$ f£aw-eiiiMem : te metnunt 
«aaes dvc« tni, Oe. ||. a ntf^ject: 
dpea, bostcs. Juxta metcmv. Sail. 

tffltM. itia (0«**> ff**** scmetiroes 
<^*'*^^^"oi), /. [dna3 cititenehip, 
righle of a dtieen, freedom of (A« 
d^ (T. amith'a Ant. 91 wg.) : Cato, 
Mta Toacnlamia OMet, dvltate 
, CIc U. t^ caueiMjmttod 
is « eemaumtf jf, IA< tecfy poKftc, (A« 
cooTentlcala bomtnmn. quae 
ddtates oominatae font, Id. 
S. Of an indlrldoal atate or country : 
dvitaa Helvetia in qoatnor 
Mos diriaa cat, Gaea. 8. Fig. : nt 
Jim mi te isu e hic roandna mia dvitos 
dt eeoanonis d e uium atqne hominnm 
tdrtjimndi, Oc |||. Meton.«urbs, 
adif (it a coUection uf booses) (rare) : 

plnrimas per totum orbem dvltates, 
terrae motu aut inoendio afBictas, reatl- 
toit in melius, Soet (Hence Ital. ciM^.* 

d&dMt l^i /• injury, mUtkitft diS" 
aster, 1ms, deinment, oalaMitp: magna 
clades atqne calamitas rempubL oppres* 
sisaetfSall.: privatae qnoqne per domos 
clades vulgatae sunt, Uv. : Mndus coi 
poetea Scaevolae a clade dextrae manns 
cognomen inditum, loss of his right 
hand, id. 2. Me ton. awi poet.: 
o destroyer, scourge: geminos, duo Uil' 
mina belli, Sdpiadas, dadem Libyae, 
Virg. IL In milit. lang. : d^eat, dis- 
comfiture, slauffiUer, massacre: qui 
riifus magnam populo Romano cladem 
attulit, Ck. : petntes msgnam cladem 
facerent. Sail.: blnaque castra clade 
una deleta, liv. 

tHaJBLt <x^* *od pi^t <W- to palam. 
I. Adv. : 1. As an inded, a4j. 
with esse or fore : hidden, unseen, un- 
known : A sperat fore dam, rursum ad 
ingeninm redit, Ter. : nee id clam esse 
potuit, liv. 2. Without esse or 
fore: secretly, primtdy : quae volebat 
clam imponenda, Cic. : clam ex castris 
exerdtum educere, Caes.: clam ferro 
Incautum superat* Virg. ||. (mostly 
in comic poets), prep. wiUi obL and 
ace; without the knovcledge qf, «m- 
ImoKm to. With oM. ; clam uxore mea 
et Olio, PL 2. With oec. : matrem. 
id. 8. Clam me or mihi est : neque 
sdeo cUun me est, it is not trnknown 
to me, Ter. 4. Clam aliqnem habere, 
to keep secret from, conceaX from, id. 
[From the root cal, which Is seen in 
eHare, etc. : cf. coram and palam.] 

cUiIl&tor» Oris, m. [clamo3 a bowler, 
noisy declaimer (rare) : Cic. 

oUUnlt&tito (or,.clamatio), Gnls,/. 
£clamlU>l a baming noiu : PI. 

oUUnito^ Avi, atum, 1. v. n. and 
a. freq. (clamo] to cry aloud fre- 
quffUly, UrbavA out, vociferate : saepe 
clamitans Liberum se Itheraeque cto<- 
to^ esse, Caes. : ad arma^ ewes! cla- 
mitans, Liv. 2. ^ call after: do- 
mitabant me, ut revortar, PL Fig.: 
mmne superdlla ilia damitare calltdi- 
tatem videntur? to lAoit^ aJUmd crafti- 
ness, Cic 

el&mOf &^ atton, I. «. n, and a. 
Neutr.: to call, shotit aloud, cry out, 
complain : clamare de pecunia, Cic 
Poet, of a cridcet: (Cicada) mnlto 
validios clamare occoepit, Ptiaedr. Of 
snoring: PL ||. Act: to call upon 
or cry aloud to, to proclaim, decLare, 
invoke, etc. : oonstr. with the occ. or a 
clause as object in direct and (more 
freq.) in indirect discourse. With ace. : 
morientem nomine, Virg. 2. With a 
clause as ofcded : ego, quod fsdo, me 
pscis causa facere dismo atque teetor, 
Cic. 8. Fig. : with an abstract snbst. 
as BuUect: quae (tabulae) se oorrnptas 
atque Interlltas esse clamant, id. [From 
the root cal or clx, " call,* (v. oolo), 
perhaps through an obsolete snmtsntive 
cto-mo.] (Hi^ce ItaL cAtamars.) 

dULmor (old form eUunof t l^^ ^^ 

bos. labos, etc.), Oris, m. £damo3 a loud 
eaU, a shout, cry, clamour : faoere da- 
morem. PL: cLsmore sublato, Caes. 
2. ooetamation, apptauu : dixi de 
te tanto clamore consensnque popuU, 
Cic. In phir. : movere plausus, sued- 
tare damores, Fhaedr. 8. <*> shout cf 
disapprobcUion: Fuflum damoribus et 
ocmviciis oonsectantur, Cic. ||. Poet 
of inanimate things: nois^sound, din: 
ter soopuli clamorem int^ cava saxa 
dedere, Virg. 

OlftmSraSi ^ am* a^' £damor]]/«U 
of clamour or fioise. |. Act.: noissf, 
bawling, clamorous : pater, Juv. ||. 
Pass. : JlUed with noise or ckanour, 
noisy: nrhs, Stat 2. accompanied 
with noise: Pbasma CaiulU, Juv. 

eUtaoHllXIlIt o^v. and prep. diht. 

[clam] secretly, privately. f. Mv.: 

aucupemus ex insidiis dancuium, H. 

11. P'^- ^th aoc. .• alii dancn- 

lum patres quae fisdunt Ter. 

clandesanOi odo. secretly, don- 
datinely: Pi. 

olandaitllini* ^ nm, ad4. fdam^ 
secrd, hidden, clandestine : cum^tina 
suspido, PI. : clandestino introitu urbe 
est potitos, C3c : dandestina conaUia, 

olangOt h V. n. to dofi^, resound 
(rare): horrida dangunt signa tubae, 
Stat [A word formed flrom sound : so 
Germ. Idifi^m; Eng. dafaik.] 

olaBgor* Oris, m [clango] clofi^, 
noiu : exoritur damorque virum clan- 
gorque tobarum, Virg. 

el&rS« ado. Of sight: brightly, 
cleisrly: dare oculis video, PI. t|. 
Of hearing : clearly, distinctly, aloud : 
dare die, Ter. : ut aperteque luquantur 
et Jam dare gemant Cic. ||l. Me- 
ton.: distinctly, intdligibly, clearly : 
eo clarius id periculum apparet, CoeL 
in Cic 2. Ulustrioutly, honourably 
^ery rare): clarius exsplendescebat, 

Ol&r80t 2* V. n. rdanis] to be clear 
or bri^, to shine Xv^i.) : rutilo cum 
Imnine claret fervidns life Canis, Cic 
II. Fig. : to be dear, evident, or 
uumifest (very rare) : quod in primo 
quoqua carmine claret, which is evident 
from the first canto, Lucr. 2. to be 
distinguished, illustrious, renouned : 
(Fab. Maximi) gloria daret Enn. in 

elftreiOOt nl, j. v.incep. [clareo]. 
Of the sight: to b^n to shine, betxme 
vitibie : tecta luminibus daresoere, Tac 
2. Of the hearing : to sound dear, 
to beoome audible: clarescunt sonitus 
armomm.VlTg. II. Fig.: to become 
dear, man^est^ emdent: slid ex alio 
darescet Lucr. 2. Of character : to 
become illustrious, Jfamous : quoquo 
fadnore daresoere, Tac 

dirlff&tlo, Onls. /. fdarlgo] a 

solemn demamd cf soM^faction and 

declaration of war through a Fetialis 

or herald (v. smith's Ant 178): Plin. 

II, a fine imposed upon a man who 





it found beyimi the preteribed limitt : 

eULrlsOf Atum, I. V. n. Of the 
Fetloles : to proclaim %car against an 
enemy with certain religiotu ceremo- 
nies (v. Smith'! Ant. i-jS) : Plin. [From 
darus: the lylUble ig- prob. repre- 
seniit the root of ago: cl.ftimXgo^ no- 
vfgo, rcmfgOf etc.] 

d&rltas* i^tis, /. [clanial eUamess, 
brightntu. Of oqjects of tiight : eidua 
Veneris claritatis tantae (est), Plin. 
2. Of ot^ts of bearing : ciaritas 
in voce, CIc. ||. Fig.: Of style; 
clearness, distinctness, perspicuity : 
Quint. 2. celebrity, reno%vn, repu- 
tation : nmn te fortonae tuae, num am- 
plitndinis, nmn claritatis, nnm gloriae 
poenitebat? Cic. 

ol&ritddOi Inis, /. [ld.1 cUamess, 
brightness (for ciaritas) : fiilgor et cla- 
ritudo deae (sc. Imiae), Tac ||. 
Fig.: renown, oddrrity, fame, repu- 
tation : artes animi* quibus summa da^ 
ritudo paratur, Sail. 

Ol2ro, avi, I. v.a. [id.^ to make 
bright or dair, to illuminate (poet, 
and very rare) : Juppiter excelsa clara- 
bat sceptra columns, showed, exhibited, 
poet in dc ||. Fl g. : to make iUus- 
trious, famous : ilium non labor Isth- 
mius clarablt pugilem, Hor. 

d&roTt Oris, m. [id.] cUamess, 
brightness: PI. 

olftroff A« urn, adj. clear, bright: 
^opp. to obscurus, caecns). Of the 
sight : clear, bright, shining, brilliant, 
etc. : clarisslma mundi lumina (t. e. sol 
et Inna), Virg.: clara flumina, clear 
streams, Lucr. : clarissimae gemmae, 
Cic Poet, with oU.: argento clari 
delfdiines, Ylrg. Of the wind : making 
dear, bringing fair wecUher: aquilo, 
id. 2. Of the hearing: dear, loud, 
distinct: clara voce, ut oomis contio 
andire posset dixit, Cic : dariore voce. 
Caes. ||. Fig.: dear, manifest, plain, 
evident, xntemgibU : clara res est, tota 
Skdlia celebenima, Cic. 2. ceU" 
brated, renowned, UlustHouM, famous, 
etc. : vir fortissimus et clarissunus, id. 
With abl. : Juppiter giganteo triumpho, 
Hor. With ex : ex doctrina nobilis et 
clanu, etc With ob: ob id factum, 
Hor. 8. As a title: clarissimus 
vir, Cic 4. In a bad sense (rare) : 
fiotorious ; populus («c. Campanus). lux- 
uria Buperbiaque clarus, liv. (Hence 
It. chiaro; Fr. clotr.) 

elasfl&rluB, i. m. [classis] (sc. 
miles), a marine : in plur. sea or naval 
forces: Nep.: Tac. A(U.: centurio, 
a captain of a ship: id. ||. (sc. 
nauta) a sooor, seaman .* Caes. 

OlaMlOJftla. «e. /. dim. [id.] a lUtU 
fleet, flotiUa: do. 

ftlanimmii I* ▼• classicus, no. IT. 

OlastloUBf A> am. a<Hf. [clas»is] ef 
or relating to the dasses qf the Roman 
people: Varr. ||. relating to the 
anmy, the sea as wdl <u the land 
forces. 1. Subst. classicom, a signal 
f battle given by the trumpet : cUssi- 

cum cednit, Liv. 2. Me ton.: the 
military trumpet itsdf : Vlrg. 3. 
Adj. : pertainxng to the fieet : classlcos 
milites. Liv. Subst. classici, orum, m. 
plu. nuLrines: Tac. 

Olfttlili Is. /. (abl. classi or classe), 
a doss or division of the Roman 
people: Liv. : Cic (v. Smith's Ant. 109). 
Fig.: qui ((^losuphi) mihl cum ilio 
collati, quintae classis videntur, i. e. of 
the lowest rank, id. ||. an curmy 
(very andent) : Hortinae classes do- 
puUque Latini. Virg. |||. a fleet 

(including the crews) : nomina in clas< 
sem dare, to enlist for the fleet, Liv. : 
facere, Caes. : classe navigare, by ship, 
Cic IV. <s class, division, in gen. 
Tafber Augustan age): tribus classibus 
(oomitum) factis, Suet. 

d&tlin (in MSS. also clatri), onun, 
m. plu. = KhriBpa, rd, a trellis, grate 
(esp. to the cages of animals) : ursus 
valnit si fraogere clathros, Hor. 

ol&tliro (clatro), atum, i. v. a. 
fcUithriJ to furnish with a grate or 
lattice, set with bars (very rare) : PL 

dandaOt >• <"* claudo, i. v. n. no 
serf., dauirom [daudnsl to limp or 
halt, to fcUter : beatam vftam. etiam si 
ex aliqua parte clauderet, Cic. 

daadlc&tlOf Snis, /. [olondico] a 
limping (rare) : CIc 

olandlOO (clOdico), i. v. n. [clau- 
deo : like albico, candioo fh>m albeo, can- 
deoj to limp, halt, be lame: Carvilio 
graviterclaudicanti ex vulnere ob remp. 
acoepto, Cic. Poet. : of the lameness 
of the wings of birds : Lucr. : of the 
wavering of scales: id. : and of the in- 
clination of the earth's axis : id. ||. 
Fig. : to halt, waver, to be wanting, or 
d^ctive : tota res vadllat et daudicat, 

olaodo (clQdo. Plin.: and far more 
freq.. although not in Cic, cludo, which 
occurs exclusively in the oumpounds : 
V. exdndo, etc.), si. sum, j. v. a. to 
shut, dose, shut up: ad claudendas 
pnpulas. ne quid iroideret, et ad ape* 
riendas. Cic : portas, Caes. : rivoe. to 
dam up, Virg. 2. Fig. : aures ad 
doctissimas voces. Cic. : fiigam hostibus 
claudere, to cut off, prevent, Liv. : clansa 
consiUa habere, to conceof, Cic. Poet.: 
animam laquco, Ov. ||. to dose, end, 
conchtde : ci^us octavnm trepidavit 
aetaa claudere lustrum. Hor. : agmen. 
or novissimum agmen claudere, to bring 
up the rear. Cms. |||. to indou, 
encompass, surround (for indudo. con- 
dudo): quae (Syracusarum urbs) lod 
natura terra marique claucteretur. Cic 
Fig.: verba pedibus. Hor. 2. MiUu 
1. 1. to invest, besiege, blockade, etc : 
priusquamdaoderentCapuam operibus, 
Liv.: litora ac portus custodia clauses 
tueri, Caes. (Hence ItaL chiudere; Fr. 
dorre, clos, cldture, etc.) 

cdandOt Si^« ^ be lame; v. daodeo. 

elaildas (dudus, Plaut), a, um, a((/. 
limping, halting, lame: claudus Vul- 
canus, Cic: p«, Hor. Proverb.: 
iste clandos, quemadmodum olunt. pl- 

Ism, i. e. u:ho c(atnot make a right mm 
of a thing, Cic. ||. Fig. : crMed, 
d^ectivt, wavering, uncertain: cLsiadAa 
naves, Liv. 

olaoftnu Oram, n. plu. [daasmn. 
claud<^ o jOMUninq, a Utckibar, bolt, 
etc : daostra revellere. Cic : laxarc, 
Virg. 2. Fig.: a bemrier, homndt, 
etc. : arta portarum natorae effringefv, 
i. e. to disclose its secrets^ Lucr. : oni- 
nes urbes maritimas daoatris Impoii 
nostrt oontineri, Cic ||, a door, gate^ 
dam, dike, indosure, etc. : daostra 
urbis relinquant. Ov. 2. In militaty 
lang.. a barricade, buluturk, key, di- 
fence, etc. : daustra lod. G!c : mem- 
tiom, Tac. : ccoitrahere daustra, to 
draw the waUs of contravalUUion 
doser, id. Fig. : daustra n«^^tatki» 
Cic (Hence Fr.dottre.-Geim. &to«tor; 
Eng. doister.) 

clauilUA* ae» /• fcUmdo] a doae, 
condvsion, end, entkng: rlaniwla est 
diflldUs in trsdenda proviuda, Qc : 

rolae. Id. 2. In riieturic, the 
of a period : daosulae quae nu- 
merose et Jucundo cadunt, id. 

(dansiim (dusum). i, n. [kLl on 
inclosed space, indoiure : In clauso 
linouere. in confinement, Virg. 

dausUBi •> nm. Fart, [dando]. 

Ol&va* M. /. a knouy branch or 
stick, a cudgel,dub, etc : male mukaii 
clavis ac fbstibos repelluntur. Cic 

ol&y&zllllllf ti» n. [clavus] wumey 
given to soldiers for the purchase e^ 
shoe^naHs: Tac 

ol&T&tor* Oris. m. [clava] one ir^ 
carries dubt or foils used in nulHarf ew- 
ereises, a cudgd-bearer : Pi. 

oI&tIoIUa* •«./. *■». [davis] 1 1 1. « 
smallkey: l\, ike tendril qf a vine: 

Ol&ylgert W. m. rcUva geio] o 
dub-bearer, an epithet or Hercmes : Ov. 

Ol&vigeTf «ri, m. [clavis gero] a 
key-bearer, an epithet of Janus, as the 
god of doors: Ov. 

d&Til* i*> /• (ooc> clavlm or da- 
vem; aU. davi or clave) [asicA«ic 
V. claudo] a key s davim oedo. Pi. 
adulterinae portarum. false keys. Sail. 
clavM adimere uxori, to sqwratefrom 
her, Cic (Hence ItaL cMave; Fr. 


cl&vnSt if M. a naU : clavis fbrrds 
con&xa transtra, Cara.: davum pan- 
gere, to fix a nail in the temple qf 
Jupiter in order to mark the year, Uv. 
(v. Smith's Ant. 92). Hence, fig.: ex 
hoc die davum anni movebis, i. e. 
reckon the begimiing qf the year, Gk-. 
And as a symbol <f immoveable fixed- 
ness : saeva Neoessitas davoa trabales 
et cuneos manu gestans. Hor. : so. piv> 
verb.: beneflcium trabali clavo ngerv, 
to dcnch the matter, Gc IL the 
WUr qf a rudder; and meton. the 
rudder itself: clavumque ad litoia 
torquet, Virg. Fig.: davum tanti 
imperii teuero et gnbcmacula reip. 
tractare. Cic 2. a purple ships 
on tke tunica, which, for the senaton. 




«M bntd (\»tm% for tht •qnltcit, oar- 
nv (iDgaMM) : (▼.Soilth'i Ant.9a); 
Mdlv^oe hnacni cam Uto porporm 
ckvo, <hr. Poet.: a hmte in nn.: 
ckm Btttwe in hona, Hor. (uiBDce 
lL«Utda,dUd«»; Ft.cioM.) 

flUaeBS. •otl** oiCr- Of the ele- 
i: mAI, eolin, «q^ pemtle (sr 
fnietec) : imdae dementi 
pnlif.Cat. : qatk sit clemmtit- 
\MaaM,Or. Fig.: rumor Clemens, 
•tdervle. ■■tf—^iarmf, Salt ||. 
Fl^: of tlM mfaid and dispodtkin: 
fmtt, g entl e, eompaniomattt kind, eM*^ 
<0rf: cnpfobpetrae c u m crlp tl, roe eiae 
wwwtem, de.: dementes Jndioet et 

djhMBttr, a«l*. ^enay. «o^y. 
■flwy , jprmdmaUy, etc. : Ai. Seqoere 
riL dLSeqnor. At. Cleroenter qvnew, 
alMi deterie. PL : edltom jocnm, 
Tk. H. omcC^ cttiaUjf, mai ^/mUp, 
^c : ri quid est actum dementer, nt 
<i m <liile factmn crimlner, Oc: cle> 
■ater et moderate Joe dloere. Omi. 

•MStttta, -f. /. [demoia]. Of 
ae danents: eaimmntt wtOdmu : cle> 
■antfaacstatla,Ptin. ^.Vlf-'mo- 
tumtim, wflffcieM, j kiia i ai i tl y, firbear- 
awe ftoniriti^ mercy: iUam demen* 
timi n an we t odineroqoe noatri imperil 
(■!■■ In cmdelitatem tnhn manitatffn- 

•Iip9» pal, ptam« 3, 9.0, to tUal 
(nrt): earn (ignem) Pnmetbena dep- 
liMe dolOk Clc 

titPffdnu "^ /. — «A«*«pa, a 
MC«^todk.elcMyAti7 naed Iqr speakert 
lo BMaKire the length of tbeir dta- 
«NB* : at Inme mm dedamator aliqida 
•idapiydnm latrare docnemt, Cle. 
jmiUt ", m.—«AArn»s, a ««</': 

Am. entia jfpm. phar. nan. cUcn- 
ttoiTaentnm, Hor.) oom. rflrom dneo, 
to hmj « oUcnf; (of the relation be- 
toiMB lie rffawj and fotnmut, v.Sknith'e 
Aat 91): dientea alU nmnes volant 

MHoa, PL : Olaocte, diena et fkmlUaria 

',faUaKer, dtp e nd tn t : 

(hiii Of wbolemtloaa: oUietorma- 

nil: iii^ 

JBm!^ aa. /. CcUo*] a /nwile 
dtei* Hor 

cBfli^ aa, /. CM.1 d^eiUiUp. 
—w ay, d yw og wcg : abo, uied aa 
""«• 01 patiodniiim, ptttrotugt^ pnh 
t^BNoa (T. Smtth'a Ant. 91) : caae in 
Ut el dlcntda, Cfo. |L Meton. 
(mtlif pimr.) cUenU, dependentM: 
■HiiiiaNe P^opeli cUentelaa in dte- 
rtwipfOTlndaKtetMU. OMa. M. In 
P^: CM/dbnaey, ofMrnoe : Id. 
^iWH inOT Ink, fi. [root cldu ▼. 
^>*v Jm^mKsn ; Lncr. 
^Otas. *. on. Fart pd.] «»- 
^■M. 6«iiC nml; (Tcry rare) : Locr. 

OMo* 00 po/y atom, 1. v. a. Tdl- 

djrpeas,bat the y la certainly wrong). I, 
m. a rcMNid, draam Midd oarriea 5y 
/eoNMm $oldien, wbllat the acMfum waa 
oval or oMong (v. Smith's Ant 94): 
Epamfnondaa quaedvlt salvosne esaet 
d{peas,Clc Proverb.: cl^ampost 
vulnera aomere. I.e. to do tomttking 
v-ken it is too laU, Oy. H. Meton. 
Ot ofyeeti shaped Uke a sMOd: the disk 
^ the tun : kL 

oUtellM, *nnn, /. j»li». a pack- 
saddle^ pomnier: hinc muli Capuae cli* 
tellas tempore ponunt, Hor. Pro- 
verb.: bovi ditellas Imponere, to put 
the saddle en the wrong hone : v. bos. 

oUtdUMus. •. nm. <mK. [dltellae] 
pertatnina to a paeksadcuetOearing a 
paek^saddle : homines, PI. 

eUrOsiISi A* nm, ady. rdivos^ hiUif, 
fuU of hiOs, steep : ma, Vvg. : (Hympaa, 

ellnilt if ni. a slope, a deeUvitjf, a 
steepi an ascent, hetght, hiU: ctlvom 
(mensae), Ov. : miUtes ex Inferiore loco 
advcrsos cUviim indtatl cona, Caea. 
Proverb.: cllvo sodamos in Imo, to 
be tired before the worie is begun, Ov. 
[Root cu or CLDi , seen In de<Uno, in^ 
eUno, etc.] 

eIoiea> m, f. an art^/^eiai eamat in 
Some, bjf icMdi the sewerage was car- 
ried into the Ta)er; a seicer, drain: 
Oc Prove rb. : aroem facere e cloaca, 
V. arx. (Hence Ital. ^iaviea ; Ft. cIo- 

^6dl00« u^ ▼• claodlco. 

mm[o« ®i^» V* daudo. 

dovbrnnif it ▼• claastrom. 

undOf 0^ V. daudo. 
' .Hi, a, am, v. claudus. 

2. V. n. and a. to hear enese^ 
called, to be reputed, esteemed: nt meoa 
victor vtr belli dorat, PI. : quaecomque 
doent, etery thing that has a name, 

dftniit !• ("^ duni or done, Hor.) 
m, and fewi, a buttock, haundi: Hor. : 

Qhu>eil0« If ▼• dipras. 

a, am, v. dansos. 

and elypflUf ^* dlpeos. 
9rlsL m. *s icAvrn^p, a clyster 
lotwi): dystere vomltnque 
Suet. n. a elyster^pe ov 


Oram, **. j>ltt. [Cos. Insala^ 
CooH garments: K>r. (v. Smith's Ant. 

to esHie to or la 

o5-«eo8dOi I- V- n. 

added besides : PI. 

oSiMTTitito, Snia, /. [coacervoj a 
heaping together: n. In rhetor.: a 
heaping up qf proofs : CIc 

eo-iieerro, «^ «tnm, t. v. a. to 

heap together, heap up: peonniae oc^ 
nntoret coacervantur, etc.: cadavcra» 
0m8. Fig. : ooaoervati luctas, Ov. 

CJ i oegQOt •caK I. e. n. to become 
add or asur (rare) : at noa onne vt- 
nom, sic non omnia aetaa vetoaCate 

•dMtito* tola. /. [oofo] (rare): a 

cottectimg, catUng in qf money: oooc 
tiones aigentarias iKtitavit, Soet. 

oSftOtOt >• V* <>• f"^' V"^-! ^ cor»> 
strain, compel: Locr. 

oStOtOTt <(rt*t M. [Id.] a gatherer 
together, a driver: sra erant agndnis 
coactorra. Msy brou^t up the rear, 
Tac. II. a eoUeetor qf money (ftom 
auctions, of revenoeSj etc.): Clc 

oSaOtlllBf 1* **• [id.] a coeerlet qf 
stout aoth: Oaea. 

OOaetni I •, um. Part, roogo]. 

oSaotnif tU. m. [id.] a forcing, 
constraint, compulsion (lure, and only 
In abk sing.): coacto meo, (^ 

06-addOf J' ^'O- <o f"^ together: 
coaddito ad oompendlnm, PL 

05-MdXfi00« atom, i. v. a. to buUd 
up, or «ip to : Osmpum Martium, Clc 

06-MQ110f *▼<> atom, i. v. a. to 
make even or level (rare): monies. 
Sail. Fig. : to place on the same 
footing, equaUse : id libldines ii\)ui1as- 
qoe tuas omnia coaeqnasti, Clc 

OdMmant&tito. Onis,/. [coagmento] 
a joining or eonneeting tcgether, a com' 
bination, union : corporis, Clc. 

oStSmnitOt *▼<• atom, I. V. a. [oo- 
agmenlamj to join, glue, or cement 
together, to connect: nihil concretum, 
nihil cc^mlatnm, nihil coagmentatum, 
Clc. Fig.: paorao, toeofic«iMie,id. 

0(Mllient!im. L n. [ougoj a join" 
ing together, a joint : Caea. 

oMUrflluint U «> D(L] a aieafis qf 
coagulation, rennet or rwmet : Ov. 
(Hence It eaglio, gaglio.) 

e5-UeM0 (coolesco, LucrO, &lfll. 
intum (paart. perf. only In Tac. and 
sabaeq. writers), j. v. tnoep. to fprtm to* 
aether, to unite : saxa vMes sola co»- 
lescere calce, Locr. 2. ^ grow up 
thrive: forte In eo loco grandto ilex 
coaluerat Inter saxa, SalL ||. ^if^- 
to unUe, agree together, coaksce: at 
com Patribos ooalcscerent anhni plebtt, 
Liv. 2. to 'o^ ''*'<• becowu con" 
solidaiedi dnm Odbae auetorttaa fhixa, 
PIsonIs nondom ooalolsset Tac In 
the parts pftf.': coalMam Hbertate trre- 
verentlam eo proruplsae, id. 

06UItllS» N °°^ '''i'^* [co«1«sco3. 

Oo-anffllftOt fttuiUi^ I. V. «. to coit- 
tract, confine^ compre ss , hem in (rue) : 
alvos, Yarr. Fig.: to circumscribe, 
Kmit: hi^ lex dilatata in ordtnem 
ounctom, ocMuigustari etiam potest, Clc. 

OOarotatlo »nd OOaiOtO. ▼• coart 

004Urfftio* tlU I* v^ <t With ace. of 
the person : to convict, prote guilty : 
ommboa in rphos coargaitar a me, oon> 
vlndtor a lestibos, urgetur confesdonc 
sna,Cic. With pen. denotlnc the crime : 
commataU Judldl, Id. 2. With aoe. 
of the thing : to prove incontestably, to 
demonstrate, establish : perfldiam, id. : 
qnam (legem) uaus coargatt, proret to 
be ttsdesf, Liv. : dombil cuargmt anres. 
betrays, pubtiakes, nuUces knotvn, Ov. 

dMirtttito (ctM'cL)* Onis, /. [coarto]] 
a mwing or erouding together (very 
rare); Liv. 

OO-mrtO (coarcto^, f rl, atom. x. v.o^ 





to preu toffetkevt oontraictt confine: 
ftngostae fauces ooartMii Iter, Liv. 
II. Fig. : Of time : to abridge, 
Morten: contalatus Aliorum, Toe 8. 
Of discoune : to aJOridge^ compnu : 
Crassos haec oottrtATit, Ck. 

eiazoi I* V. n. [icoa^, the aouiid 
made by fros^]* ^ c^^o^c •' Soet. 

OOOoin&toS. «> «ni. atHj. [cocdniM] 
dotked in Korlet : puerulus, Soet. 

ooooInSns and ooodniUi a. nm, 
adfj. (ooccaml qf a Koriet colour: 
UeotLfJtiy. (Hence It. oocciniylta; Fr. 

pOCOnm. i, n. — «k«»c (a berryX 
the berrjf fnow knowu to be an insect, 
kermei) found upon the tearlet dye 
oak: Piin. Me ton.: tocarUt eoiUmr: 
Hor. 8. 9axrlet garmentt, dotk, etc. : 

OOOhUa (coclca). ae. /. [jcoyAXac] 
a snail : Cic (Hence It. ddoodola.) 

00<4m» Itis, m. face, to Varr., fnm 
oculuaj a penon bund qf one eye .* de 
coclitum proswia ted esse arbitror, nam 
ii sunt monocuU, PL Used as a Roman 

000t|Uaa*v* cottana. 

OOOuUtT ^> <'4i' Fooquo] baked: 
coctiles muri (BabyUmis), built of 
brickM, Ov. 

OOOtOfi *• uni, Part, £ooquo]. 

e00113i U ▼• coquus. 

Coda« aCf ▼. canda. 

Oddex Ccaudexl, Ida, ». a trunk qf 
a tree, etc. (v. caudex). ||. a book, a 
mantueript (it« leaves were not rolled 
together like those of the volumina, but 
were arranged like those of our books : 
y. Smith's Ant 9O : Qc ||l. £sp. 
an aocount-book, ledger: in codids ex- 
treraa ccra, upon the latt tablet, id. 

cddioiUif orum, m. jplu. dim. £oodex 
sExcaudexl ' amall trunks qf trees: 
Cato. n. tmoU tablets for uritina : 
Homerus codiciUos datos prodidit^ Pltn. 
Ill, a ^ort writing, note, hiUet, 
petition, etc. : epistolam hanc oonvtdo 
efflagltaront codicilU toi. Cic. |V. an 
in^tarial rescript, a diploma : Suet. 
V. CM addition to a wiU, a codi- 

ooelebt* eoelilMtiuii etc, v. caei. 

OOelM (cael.), Itis. at^. [coelum] 
heavenly, celestial (poet, for coelestis); 
coelitibus regnis pulsus erat, Ov. 
Subftt. coelites: Vie inhabitants of 
heaven, the gods: grates tlbi ago, summe 
sol. vobisQue reliaul coelites, Cte. 

OOeleSOf (cael.), e (abL sing, coe- 
leste for coelesti, Ov. : gen. plur. coe- 
lestum. for coelestinm, Vfrg.), adj. [id.] 
pertaining to the sky or heaven, hoor 
venly, cdestial : ignis ftalminls, Lucr.: 
aqua, rain, Hor. : prodigla, Liv. ||. 
M c to n. : divine : sapienlla, Hor. : aux- 
ilium. </ (Ae^tN2t,0v. 2. Subst.: 
mostly plur.: the gods: in concilio coe- 
lestium. Cic. 8. In gen.: divine, 
magnificent, prc-eininent,etc: eoelestes 
divtnasque legiones, id. : quos Elea 
dumum redticlt palma coelestes, glori- 
fied, like Ms gods, Hor. 

OpelIoa& (cael), ae (aen. plur. one- 
Ucolnm, virg.), atU. ^coelum colo] 
(poeU) duie l Ung in heaves^, a deity, a 
god : Ov. : nulla staler nidbes oonvivia 
ooelicolamm, Juv. 

ooalliinr (c«el.X Sra. 8rum, ad4. [oo»> 
lum ferol (poet.) supportit^f the hea- 
vens; coellier Atlas, virg. 

OOelI-p5teil0 (cacL), cutis, adi. fcoe- 
Inm potensj powerful in heaven: PL 

OO^Oi •«» V- cwlo. 

ooellllll (A%q* written caelum, which 
is prob. the true form), i, n. (old form 
OOelnSt |« "^ plit*'* only ooell, by poet, 
license, Lucr.), the sky, heaven, the 
heavens: ante mare et terras et quod 
tegit omnia ooelum, Ov.: rotundum ut 
coelum. terraque ut media dt. Cic : de 
coelo tangi, to be struck with Ughtning, 
Liv. : also, e coelo ictus, dc : de coelo 
servare. to observe the signs of heaven, 
id. : de coelo 6eri, of celestial signs, to 
come to pass, id. ||. Me ton.: air, 
dimate, sone, atmosphere, weather: 
constituuntur in hoc cuelo qui didtur 
aer. Lucr. : omne coelum hoc, in quo 
nubes, tanbres, ventique coguntur, Cic. : 
coelum non animum mutant, qui trans 
mare currunt, Hor. Of Me carM, in 
oppositioa to the Lower World : fiilsa 
ad coelum mittont insomnia Manes, 
Virg. in. Fig. : the summit qf pros- 
perity, ha/^ness, honour, etc. : Caesar 
in coelum fertur, Cic. : ooelo Mnsa beat, 
Hor. (Hence Ital. cido; Fr. del.) 

OOelnit U ^* coelum. 

06-ixilO* Smit emptnm, j. v. a. to 
buy up: SuUa omnia bona ooemit, Cic. 

oStmptitOf dniSi/. [ooerao] lenl L t. 
a pretended sale of an estaie for the 
purpose of rdieving it from the burden 
qf certain saerifdal rites : do. H. 
a marriage oontraded tn/ a mode scue, 
by which the w\fe was freed from the 
tutela- legitima and the famuy sacra : 
sed quaero usu an ooempUone, id. (v. 
Smith's Ant. 2$i.) 

oddrnpUonUit, e, oA'. [coempUo] 
pertaining to a sham sale or a sham 
marriage: senex, v^ was wiode use qf 
in such a performance t Cic : hence, 
poor.worthieu: PL 

OOttmptnii a, um, Part, [coemo]. 

Ooena (»>^ caena and cSna : tn the 
most andent period cosstu), ae, /. 
the prindpal meal qf the komans; 
dinner, supper (v. Smith's AnU 96 seq.): 
negavlt se illo jure nigro, quod coenae 
caput erat, delectatum, Cic : ire ad 
coenam, Ter. : venire ad coenam, Cic. : 
coenam oondicere allcui, to engage one- 
sdf loony one as a guest. Suet.: inter 
coenam, at table, Cic ||, Meton.: 
a dish, course, at dinner: prima, altera, 
tertia, Mart. 2. a company at table : 
Ingens ooena sedet, Juv. 

OOen&oiUlim (osen. and c6n.), 1, n. 
[ooenaj orig., a dining-room, usu. in an 
upper atory ; hence, an tfwer stary,an 
upper room, a garret : (Hispalae) coe- 
naculnm super aedes datum est, Liv. 
Fig. : in superiore qui habilo coMiaoulo 
(of Jupiter), PL 

OOMUUionf Ccaen. and o0u.X a, vv 
a4if. [Id.] jwrtaMMiy to a dismer (vesy 
rare): eat ilUc mi una spea oomartrai 

^ OMnfttito (cwn. and tin.), Ooia, /. 
[id.] a dining-room: Juv. 

eotmftttu (oaoL and ctn.), a, am, 
Part, [coeno] that has taken food, hav- 
ing dmed: cor te coenatom nfuoeril 
occidere, Cic ||. Of time : 
feasting: coenatae noctes, PL 

CoemtO (caen. and oCn.), i. «. /rso, 
[Id.] to be aceustomed to diete (nre): 
n foris ooenitarem, do, 

OOflno (caen. and eta.), avi, atom, i. 
V. n. and a. [ooena] Neatr. : to take a 
meal, dine, ecU : coenavi modo, PL Q, 
Act.: withaoc: t0 9iakeamealof,to 
eat, dine upon: are^ Hor. Fig.: 
magnum malum, PL 

OoenSmMj a. um, adlg. [coenonn] 
dirty, marshy, boggy (nn): guiyea 
(i. e. Styx}, Juv. 

OoenUa (oaeo. and eta.), a^/. dim. 
[ooena] a small dinner : C^ 

COeaum (caenum), 1. n. dirt, JOO, 
mud, mire: omnes stulCos insanire, nt 
male olere omne ooenum. Cic. Fig. : 
ex ooeno plebelo oonsulatom extrabere, 
Liv. Also aa a term of 
a dirty fdlow, vOe fellow : Clo.' 

t6J60t Ivi or ii, Itmn, 4. v. n. and a. 
Neutr.: to 00 or ooMe to^eMcr, to Mio^ 
assemble: ad solitum ooi^ locnn. Or. : 
quo populns oolbat, Hor. 2. te po 
or come together in a hodile maimer, 
to encounter: inter se coiiaae vine, 
Virg. \L to formonewith, to Kemi 
unUe,oombine: qui una colerlnt, Caea. : 
reliqui (milltes) coeont Inter ae, oasssa- 
ble. Id. Hence: to oopulaie, eehabUt 
sic et aves ooeunt, Or. 2. OftUngs: 
ignes oolre globum quasi In mram, 
uniie, Lucr.: gelidns coit fonnidine 
sanguis, conA»<(,yiig. W. Fig.: to 
untte infeding or judgment, to assime- 
late, agree, conspire: doodeeim addea* 
eentuli coierunt ex hla, qui exilio enaU 
mnltati, conspired together. Kepi: co- 
eaut in foedera dextrae, Virg. |V, 
Act: oolre societatem (cum aliqno or 
absd.), to enter into asiaUiamce, to wuke 
a compact : utlnam cum C Cnearnn m>- 
detatem nunqnam coisaaa, da: socie- 
tatem sceleris, id. ^ 

OOepIOf ooepi.poeptum (the fan> 
perf. tenses are rare and ante-daas.), 
|. V. a. and n. to begin, eomsnence, un- 
dertahe. |. AoL: imperf.: lubido 
axtemplo cocpere est oonvivium, PL 
2. PerfecL With inf. act. and 
pass,: qunm ver esse ooeperat. Oc: 
moveri, Ov. With aoe.: si quioqaaD 
hodie hie tmtee coeperia, Ter. Abed. : 
to WMke a beginnintf, to begin: ut 
magis poenlteret coeptsse. quam lioeret 
desislere, Cic With an eU^ab for di- 
cere eoepi. to begin to speak: Ilkiwvs 
ptaddo sic pectore coepit, Ving. ||. 
i*ass. only in the perfect and with the 
inf. pass.: ante petitam casepecnmiam. 

Sjam ecaet co^pta deberi. Ok. m, 
ttotr. : to bsgisK 




pm lU ifi«DUiim eofpii rerXm flMit, 
ML: pusBa coepit, Lfv. With ex: 
ftSim, ati mllil. ex vlrtiite aoUlltM 

J, erf, atom, x. t*. a. and n.fnq. 
[oMpio} %, ii^ct.1 to begin eftm^ to 
vlthmf.: animal ooeptatea, 
^■le natme Motit apia, appetere, Clc. : 
oaeroere aeditlotiem ooepubat, Tae. 
WHh we. : tnidiaa. kL ||. Nentr. : 
Utagin, wnwct, wtake a begifming 
Owi) : cocpCaatem oo^Junttknem di«- 

tOSytOfllt i* **» o hegttMtkngt WMier> 
iaMy: ne andad coepco deeMent, Liv. 
.Meitaa* ^ wb. /^wt. [coeplo] 
tyaa : opna ooeptmn peHloere, Ov. 

m ytlU » tta, M. [ooepiol a begin' 
«%. i wd l g r eg | p<w y (rare): ptlmoa suot 
qw oocptos i^qieteDdi ratoiw, Clc. 

e6-|pUSBlW. I. "»• C«l»»o3 afdXaw- 
fmA or cMapcMJcm al a/ecuit PL 

tMritOTt ▼• euratOT. 

•i-eniOf col, dtom, i. v. a. rarceo] 
teik«<«^tDpetA«rcre<bMly; towidoK. 
w; to > . wrroMid, anopa^NUf : qtia dr- 
c«i «oUI lorka ooereet, vAcre the coat 

tmaU Indtfae* tt< naelc, Lncr. : nran* 
oanfti oomptexQ foo ooereet etoon- 
tlKl, Oe. : rlua eoereebat poaitos sloe 
Ic|e c^ittkM. Ov. : Dodo ooeroerp crinee, 
Mr. H. Fig.: to cot^tne, reetrain, 
UmU,csirtet,mmi^ etc: qvdbos re- 
te ooaroeri mOitM et tai oflldo conttDeri 
■o ient. Oa aa. : copfcMtatea, Cka. Poet.: 
Junnai prtaMa adea, poetrema ooer* 
oeeilyrTliMaa Joraaea, cemunand, Vlrg. 
rtwcltfo(alao coerctio, coertio, och 
CBdeX tek,/. rooereeol a ratroMtinp, 
wsrtjbi^ caarZoM, retlroiii/, dWuMfe- 
■Mrf: eoerdtkoem tnhlbere, Llv. ||, 
f^ n§kt ef eoerdrng or jmiiii Mngx po> 

CtevitOTi Crt«t «»♦ [MJ «»w tcAo 
MM in trAw or fesfra^tif.* Entr. 

MVdtntt ^ i>™* •''0'^ ^ooeroeo^. 

€O0|* ve, T, euro. 

MffSlMif, *. mn, ▼• ^aer. 

•OttUt ^ for ooitiia [ooeoj a otM»- 
% «r ■arfftip fa(K<J^' MS anapido 
BMalqae daetu prtmo ooetn ridmas, 
^ ^ Maton. : on asiemblage, 
owrf, i: — ijiu w j > (to thia signif. ooetns 
>^a» b Qsed): aodoa In ooetmn ad- 
^«Bit» TIk.: ooetoa MatroaanuB, Clc 

jMttU, tuiv, muiderately, de- 
quae aocomte cogltateqiie 

^-^ ». aolB,/. Joogltol a tMnk' 

^.nmtidaimg, deUbifmUng, thought, 
^ ml a tio m : eaeltatio lo se Ipsa vertl- 
^, etc : ad rallqvam cogKattonem 
^^•eMTaoeptt^Osea. ||. >f «tOD.: 
« OaaoAc, opinion, judgment, retolu- 
^ dutgrn: omnea maaa auras oogi- 
wfaoeaqne In mnpobUeam oonfere* 
^la, Gk. : posierlom enfm coglutiones 
fK iioBt) saplentlores solenl ewe, jw- 
<*>«« ClM0*l9 af« ftesf. Id. m. the 
m tDfcala et eogltalloae nalla 

i^ «. OMu^tur. cogltata, 

omm, r^/UctioM, thoughtM, idau: oogl- 
tata mentb eloqul, do. 

06clt&tllf • ^ om. Pore, [cogltol 
If. .ic^'. ; vxU weighed or eonsiderea: 
donu meditatum et cogltatnm soelos, 
ftforeihoughtt Cio. 

oO^to* Avif atom, i . v. a. roontraded 
ftom d^igltoj to consider thoroitghljf, 
to ponder, to «r«^pA, r^fiect upon, think : 
coBstr.: abeol^ with ace., de, or a 
dcmee: toto anhno, Clc: de se et gloria 
sua oogltare. id. : coepi egomet mecmn 
aliam rem ex alia cogttare, Ter. With 
elanse : oogltare qossn id honestom sit, 
etc : ne qtuun oocasionem dimitteret 
oogltabat, Caes. ||. With an adv. 
and foU. by various prep.: to think 
of, to be dUtpoted towardi (veir rsre) : 
adrersus se, 8u«t. |||. to have in 
mindf to intend, meditate, design, pur- 
pooe, eta : with it\f. : hnpedltos Moriri 
oogitabant, Caes. : quid bellicosus Qui- 
taber et Scythes oogltet, what he piote, 
devises. Hot. Po e t. of the mind : quid 
cogttat humidus Auster, Vlra. With 
de : cogitavit etla|n de HomerTcarminlt 
bna aboleodis, Sttet : Carthaglnl male 
Jamdiu oogltanti, meaning mischief, Clc. 

OOgnftOOf Bills, /. [cognatnsj reto- 
tUmsMp by birth : frater noeter, oogna- 
tione patroells, amore germanus, Cio. 

II. Fig.: relation Aip, connection, 
agreement, resembtanee, etc.: numenu 
non habebat aliqoam necessltudinem 
aut oognationem cum oratione, Id. 

III. Meton. : kindred, reUUires, 
famdfjfi DUtfistratus gcntibus cogna-> 
tionibusque hominum agrum attribti- 

eo-gn&tnf f ^ nm, adj. rioted by 
birth, and sabet m. and/, a reUUion by 
birth, kinsman or kinswoman (on both 
the fkther's and the mother's side): 
for the dlstlnetion between oognatus 
and sgnatus, v. asnatus: tot propin- 
qui cognatiqne. Cm. With Dot.: is 
mihl cognatus fult, Ter. Poet, of ob- 
jects relating to kindred : latos, Ov. : 
urbea, Virg. ||. Of animals : augullla 
longae cognata colnbrae, Juv. Of other 
things : recens tellus oognatl retlncbat 
semlna coell, Ov. |||. Fig: kindred, 
related, connected, stmHar: nihil est 
tam cognatnm mentlbns noatrls quam 
numerl ao voces, Cic. 

OOgnltlOi Onit>/. roognosoo^ a be- 
coming OMfuainted vitth, a learning, 
an aequirtng of knowUdge: oognitio 
contemplatloque naturae, Clc : ut deo- 
mm cognitkmem ooelum intnentes ca« 
pere possent, Id. ||. Meton. : a com- 
eepHon, notion, idea : quod posltum est 
in ima ooanitlone. Id. I||. Legal t, t, 
a judicial examination, tnquirjf : cum 
diee oognltlonls esset, the doff of trial, 
id. : hater patrem et flUum, Uv. jy. 
for agnitio, reco^tion, discovery : Ter. 

OOgnltor* Oris, m. [cognoeoo] a per- 
son appointed fry a plaintiff or defend* 
ant to represent him in a suit and act 
for him, an agent, an attorney: Clc 
II. o*ie who testifies that he knows 
a pervsn, a toueher : kL 

eognltOlf a« nm, Part, [cognosoo]. 

OO-gnSineilf luis, n. Tnomen^ a 8ur» 
nams,family name, qaithet (e. g. Cicero, 
Sdpio Africanus, Asiatlcns : v. Smith's 
Ant 271): T. Manlius, qui Galll tor- 
que detracto cognomen invenlt (t. e, 
Torquatus), Clc. 

OOgll5lll0lltnill» l| n* (for cognomen) 
a surname: Heraditm, cognomento qui 
oimTnr6t perfaibetnr, Clc. ||. a 
name, in gen.: in cognomentum ^}i)s 
aadti, Tac. 

eogll0m&ii8f «i adj. [cognomen! 
Wcenamed, of the sanu name: gandet 
oognomlM (:=oognomini) terra^ Viig. 

OOgnSmmo, bo perf., atom, i.v.a, 
[kL J to furnish with a surname : Au- 
Kustmn Thurlnum cognomlnatum. Suet. 
Meton. : verba, i.e. synonymt, Clc. 

OtMHOSeo, gnOvi, gnltum, j. v. a, 
{perf7tense$, contr. oognostl, oognoram, 
cognoro, cognonem, oognosse, etc.} 
[nosco] to investigcUefor the purpou of 
knowing, to perceive, tee, underftand, 
learn ; and in the perf. tenses, to know. 
Constr. : the fiscts leamt are expressed 
bj the aoc. (or nom. vdth pass.), the 
aec. and inf.. or a rdat. aattse: the 
wmxea of the Information, by ex or 
ab with aM., or oM. only, or per with 
aec.: what the information relates to, 
by de with ofrl. : regiones, Caes. : a\U, 

2nld ex Uteris et nimtlis oognoscere, 
Ic : de Broto, id. : id se a Gallida 
armis atque Inslgnlbns cognovlsse, knew 
fry their weapons and insignia, Caes. : 
id sooordlane an casu aodderet, parum 
oognovi, SaU. ||. to recognise that 
which is alreadif known (rare, and mostly 

Giet. for sgnoeco): eum haec c(^;novft 
^nhlna, Ter. |||. In law, to exa* 
mine a ecue, to investigate judiciaMy : 
petit ut de eo. canssa cognita, statuf t, 
Caes.: de agro Campano, Clc. |V. 
Milit. 1. 1. to reconnoitre: quails esset 
natnra mentis et qualis in drcnitu as- 
census, qui cognoscerent, mislt, Caes. 
(HeiKe Ital. conoseere; Fir. oonnoUre.) 
OdgOf cMgL c9actum, ]. v. a. [contr. 
fhnn conagoj to drive together, to 
aather together, collect, assemble; to 
bring up, drive on : oves stabnlis, Virg. : 
exerdtum in tmum locum, Cic. : dum 
senatus oogeretnr. Id. 2. Of liquids : 
to thicken, condense, cwrme, coagulate : 
mella fHgore. Virg. 3. Of places 
(in part, perf.) : straitened, contracted t 
saltus In arctas coactus fiiuces. Li v. 
4. Agmen, milit. 1. 1. to bnng up 
the rear: levis annatura et equites 
agmen oogebant. Id. Fl g. : ut nee duces 
simus, nee agmen cogamus, nor he the 
last, Clc. II. Fig.: hac re in an-* 
gnstnm oppldo nunc meae ct^ntur 
copiae, Ter.: oogere in ordinem, to 
humble, degrade (v. ordo): decemviri 
querentes se In ordinem cogl, LI v. 
2. With Inf., subj., ad with Acc„ 
or abmtl.: to force, compel, urge. With 
inf. : mori, Virg. With sutj. : Q. Catu. 
lam esse coaotnro, ut vita se ipse prl< 
varet, Clc. With ad and gerund: 
omnes IngretHs ad depr.gnandum, Nep. 





With Joe. bj elUiMli : oogi aUqoid pro 
potestaie ab triboDO, lAr. JbioL : oo- 
•ctOB ledbiM earn oxorem dooet. Ter. 
8. SumetimesBOollifo, to wtfer, 
etmeUide: tx qnibot Id quod volomiu 
effldtnr et oo|ritiir, CIc 

oShMmna, m, /. [oobMreol a 
wmging together, ookirtnoef oomneetum 
(c»re): maDdl,Cto. 

o64iattr8o« 'it >um* t*v. n, to itkk 
or Ao*^ ftD{0e(Aer, cleave to, adhere to: a6- 
fol^ with cum, inter, or the Dot. : ioo> 
puloqne alllxa cohaeilL Ov. Fig.: 
ooUocabontnr tgitur Terte at inter m 
qaam i^itiniine oohMreant extrenu 
cam prlmis, Cic : ilia qaM dicontor, 
oongraant et coheerent cam caota. Id. 
||. Fig. : to hold together, tuAdup, 
ivheiat, to be oontietent : eermo qnoti- 
dlanus noo cohaerebU, si rerba inter 
noi aocopablmar, id. 10. With aU. : 
to be eompoeed of, eomernqf: alia qni- 
boa o(diaerent bocUnet, id. 

. o6-1|MrM0O» at, I. V. ft. <Na9>> [<»- 
baereoj to dina together, cohere (very 
rare) : atomi oobaereecunt Inter m, Qc 

Cjhantnii *• uni. Fart. Tcohaereo]. 

OO-hirMt Mi*, c. a coXeir, fellow- 

0&-hIb6o. ^ Xtnm, ]. V. a. Vhabto] 
to hoid toaether, to hold, contaw, con- 
Jme: oniverM natara omiies natures 
ipsa eohibet et onntinet, Cic: crinee 
nodo. Hot. ||. to hold or foep back, 
hinder, rapreu, itop, etc. : Scrllam 
caeda eohibet epelonca laiebria, Yirg. : 
cervos area, to stop, poet for to In/I, 
Hor. : manua, oculos, anlmam ab anro 
gaiaqoe r»igla, Cic Fig. : mota animi 
pertnrbatOQ^ id. : iras, virg. : noo tu te 
C(4iibes? be wtoderate in ^ritf, Ter. 

06-lli&lieft0v ftvi, atiun, i. v. a. to 
AofioMr aftMMtantfjf, do honomr to, graoe 
(rare): exseqoiaa, Uc 

Oi-bORMCO» vU J. «• n. incep. to 
ehndder, shake with fear or oold : qnem 
at agnovi, eqntdem cohorrai, Cie. 

oShon. rtli, /. a yard, a plaee 
united round, a eourt,eatUe-yard: Ov. 
J|. MetOB. of a bod/ of peraoot : 
1 Mtlit. t.La division of toUUere, 
a cohort, the tenth part of a lagloo. 
comprising } maaipoll or 6 oentariae : 
com reliquis Has Ifgloois oohortibaa, 
Caea.: pnetoria, the generafe bodjf' 
guard, id. : hroce also, the body-guard 
of the governor of a provittee, Cku 2. 
a muUitude, thnmg, attendants in mm. 
(mostly poet^: gigsntom. Hor. [Cf. 
hsLhortusi Germ, ^orton; Kng. gar» 
den, yard.] (Hence ItaL oorte; Fr. 
comt; Enc. cowrf .) 

oShomtito. Ooia* /. [oohortor] on 
exhorting, ineiting, encouragement 
(Tery imrel : Jodlcom. Ctc 

ONUrtXeUa* •^/ [oobon] a mmU 
eoAorf: Ooel. InCIc 

Oft-hortor* *t<M> t. v. d^. to cheer 
up, eneourage, to incite, exhort, ad' 
wumiA (eq>. of military addresses): 
oohMTtatos saos, proeUom ooiunlsit, 
CsM. With is^. t ragf OB insigne tn- 

ere oohortatw; Tac. With «mI^. ; 


Sdplonia milites oohortatnr, at praadae 
veUnt esM partidpea, Caaa. 2. In 
gen. : hac (eloqueatSa) oobortamar, 
hac persuademaa. Cic 

oMtIo* tais, /. [ooeo] a coming or 
meeting together: prima coltioestaoev- 
rlma,Ter. ||. a banding together (in 
a bad sense), a cow tpi r a cy, plot, ooa* 
Utien : mupitiio ooitlonia, Cic : tribu* 

OfltiDUk *> vn. Part. (ooeo3. 

oSltqi (AlM OOetUt ▼• Mpra), lis. 
m. [id. J a going or coming togdher, a 
wniUng, etmbination : nt reoeus coitos 
venae resolvatar, Cels. ||. sexual 
intercomrse, coition (In this senae only 
coitus): Or. 

oSUkphlls, I, m.mcK6ka4ot, a cug, a 
bUno with Me fist, a bom on the ear : 

(colans), I, in. a testide: CIc 
— lull (ooil.). U, n. a kietd cf 
ing food for athletaei PL 

Oolis* is, V. caulia. 

botUbMOO (oonLX j. «. n. ineep. 
to begin to fcM, to loiter, stiver, fall 
off. Fig.: si res lasm kbat, itidem 
amid oollabascant, PL 

OOl-lftbi&etO (<MnLX T. V. a. to 
make to red, shake, or totter (rare): 
rootn ooUabefiu:tat onus. Or. Poet, of 
liquefying bard bodies: lAicr. 

00l4&Mflb (oonl.X fitctus, fieri, 
V. 0OM. to be made to red or totter, to 
bebroufi^ to ruin (rare) : altera (na- 
vis) praefhicto rostro iota ooUabefleret, 
toot doefced in pieces, Oaee. Poet, of 
the Uquefaction of hard bodies: Loer. 
II. Fig.: to overMroio: aThemis- 
tode oolIabeflKtaa, Nep. 

eol-l&bor (oonL), lanana, 3. v. dep. 
tofaU together, to fall in ruins, faU 
in: suodsls asserfbos oollapaus poos, 
LIT. Of persons: to/oU or sittl; doim 
in a swoon or in death : sosdpiant lis- 
mulae ooHansaqae membra nuurmoreo 
referuntthaJamo,Virg. Fig.(rers):in 
oorrnptelam soam, PL 

OOl-UeSrfttnf (oonL). a. nm. Part. 
[lacoroj torn tm, torn aU to pieces: 
oonfossum, oollaoeratamqae oorpua, 

^ qdl-UofmillO (oonL), Qnla, / 
^ool*lacrimoj a weeping at something, 
a weeping together: Ctc 

Ml4lerIiiio (ooQl.). aTi. I. V. n. 
and a. to trsep toget'.er or very mudk, to 
bewail, deplore (rare). Ne u tr. : com- 
plexus me seoex collacrlmavit, Ctc. 
Act. : histrto <»som suum totSes coUa- 

OoMAOtital («onL),a, [oon, and lact. 
V. laoj a fosUr-brother, foster-sister t 

(conLX are, ▼. ooUevo. 
(«ob1.X a, nn, Part. [ool« 

I, la, fi. (cDllaai] a band or 
MenedLacaUort PL (Hence 

OoUillo (oonL). Ms. /. [ooUatoa, 
eonmoja bringing toaether, ooUeetimg. 
Of money: acsntrQmn0n,coUeetion,a 

gratuity coUeeied far the 
sOpls aut dedmae. liv. Fig. : 
tlarum. a union, combina t ian^PL 
In war: ooliatio signorum, iin 
laeNC, a charge : de exerdto. de caatxi^ 
de stgnoram collationlboy, 
-Cic III. a eoa^MiriiON, similitude : 
ooliatio est oreUo rem com re ex ataaili- 
tndine oonfeiens. id. 

Odl&tlTni (oonL), a. urn. a4f. |>L1 
5rtN^ or oorried together, cottaeteH 
(rare): PI. 

IMdktor (conL), ©ris, m. l}±r\ a 
collector, eentributor : mnbolannn, 

OOUfttni (oonL), a. nm. Fort, {cost- 

OaUanditlO (oonL). Onia. /. laA- 
landoj toorm praise (nre) : acrtptortx 

OOl-lftOdO (oooL). arL atom. t. v. a. 
to prMse greatly, estol very 
ooUaudati militea. Caaa. 

twlrllXft (oonL), t. V. a. to 

^mr ^e^K^^m^f ^w^^^^^w a/o^^^oe ^naoMan^^^^^ m^^^^^n v 

eoUeeU (ooqIA ae, /. (orig. m^. 
peconia) [ooU%oj a ptcu ni ai§ 
hution : oollectam exteere. Cic 

ooUaetiii^hu («»LX a. am. a^. 
roolleotas, coUigol gathered or miUttmi 
together (rare) : Dicta ooUectanea. cha 
title of a work of Caeaar. uoir loBt« 

OoUeotloIni (oooL), or ^«s, a. 
um. a4r. Lld.y ooUectod. gathered to- 
aether (rere): exerdtua, nmwMurf 
hastUy and without choice (opp. to 
delectus). Cic 

061l60tito (oooL). Oai^ /. Cld.1 e 
gatheriM together: mtnbnram (Ab- 
•yrti). uc 2. In rhetor. : 
ming up, rtoapitulatian, 

OMlaetitlllS (oool.). a» urn. V 

OOUaetni (oooL), a. mn. ParU 

oS-Uga (oooLX aa. «. 1>bO«< 

(lolteacuc : bia una ^fftnffiM*t, ooUegaa In 
oensoia. Cto. H. Meton. : a cmm- 
MNton.oMirade. in gen. : afeOaw-^aet: 
PL: afdlow-actor: Jut. 

odllegliim (oimL). 11, i«. CooU«9>l 
the union of persons in amy o0ee or 
for amy pmrume, eolteaaueship (rare) : 
Dedos oonsaf per tot collegia e xp ettu s . 
liv. U. Meton.: abod^qf MTsoM 
•Mittod by the same office or caUing, a 
nulla Romae sodetaa vectigalium, nal> 
lum collegium. Cic: Triboni pro cot* 
lei^ pronuntlsot. OS Me decivien qf the 
whole bodyq^ril^i.Liv. (▼. Smith's 
Ant. 98). ^ ^ 

OoUlbertai (conl.), 1, m. afdlem- 
AvednMM: PL 

OOl-UM (conL) or ooUiltet (oooL). 
bait or bltum est, s. v. impers. it 
pleases, it is agreealtle (rare) : si quid 
colUbolt. Ter. : simnlao mihi oolHWrOT 
eat. prsesto est imago. CIc 

OOl-Udo (cool.), bL snm. |. «l «. 
Oedo3to - ■ 

: Id. 




it* moUlt Mt, at facOe premi 
eoUdhiae po«tt, Oe. [I Fig.: to 
brimf imi0 ooUi»iom w hogtae eomtOfCttto 
mi «l mriawM: OtMda bartMilM knto 

MUIfitlo {oaoL\ Onto, /. [ooUiio] 
« him dmg togethtr, a mnt et Um (nx&) : 
Mi«pcritoolU«ado,V«LMax. Fig.: 
coUlBftdo cuuMnm aamiiun, Ck. 

aoULfO (oooL), Cgl, ectmm j. v. a. 
[ktoj^ iwttp toffetkar, to gather or 
pick m, eoOeet, tuaewiUe: Mrmenils 
^trsiUMqoe ooUecUftp Cuo, : tmnia 
p B Mf g t iii n a, PL: ttiptm a tgrrannii, to 
Mttim 6f bagging, liv. : aer liuxnorem 
caOiflaM^CIc.: vaM,BiiUL t.Lto pack 
ap. 11: qoos In aettuarU ac pafudet 
caUecuM dixeramiM, had coUteUd U^ 
9dkert takm r^fmgt^ Cms. ||. to 
■mv togrthfTf cctiimct^ tomjNvii, oon* 
Magnate (noMly poai. for oootndiere, 
cBocera, tic) : oogebantor breviore 
^■llo ac Ipii ortMD colli^Bre, liv. : m 
eaOesH in ama, ooccrcd ktrntdf with 
kit akkU, Virg. |||. to 6Hiv to- 
pttktr, eoileU, io gain, oeqttirt^ etc: 
caliKtk omnUma SeUit dvUU>ua, i. a. 
IrMpU toyeCAcr in speakima, a ddm n d, 
Oc: aaclorttatcm, CMa. : aitiiii. to te- 
«w flWrrty, VIrg. 2. Of nomberi : 
i* ■Mfa iy , eo«i« to, amomnt : and 
/■ML, (a be rwefamed (rare) : ex quo 
^Meoti fvma at decern annl oolUgnn- 
tor, T^ S. With pnm. r^fUU^ or 
aahDom, mentem, dc, to coUed or 
w a ut omndf, to reeovtr orn^i couroffe, 
nHMftoa^etc: animoa^Uv.: anlmani. 
Tk. MJUl Lt. to mUjf : neqoe mi 
wfflgwiiB, neqoe cooaistendi Ikcaltatem 
(ItetdbH) dederunt, Onea. 4. to 
rntUd m th€ wtimd, to think «jNm. 
n^ aamgider : lerla baec inaanla 
5«MtM vlrtaiea babeat, flc oollige, 
Hv. Eip. to gather, c om l nde, deduce, 
^tr: «x to oolUgere potea, quanta 
oconmdona dtatlnear, dc (Uenca IL 
(^»Utr«; Fr. cttmUir.) 

•Ql-nfo (oooLX *^i. atum, i. a. a. 
I* Wiitfor /cuten to{0ie<A«r, omif «e< : 
MBwooiUntnmaolvl potest, Qc : aeotJa 
no ieta puonnn tiani&xla et eoll^atii, 
Jvtemd to one another, Caet. Fig.: 
inter ae sermonii vinculo, Clc. : 
•eptingenUMiiin meniorluD 
■M Ifljro aolUgutt, to eomprthend, coat* 
pirn, II p. Co retirain, $top, hinder: 
nftUMm ferentia (AntooilX id. 

Ml^lBio (o«I*X Atum, I. V. a. to 

^^-^ "«MtMtv <M • ttraiakt line, to 
k): hastam aot ngittani, Clc. 
U kU the mark, take a right 
aaa.H ^ 

•oUnno (cooIA^ivt. Htum, I. V. a, 
*nik aec and obcT: to 6em«ar (rare) : 
*» veaodB. Or. Fig. : to d^le, pol- 
Mtc: putoTiD oraatirai tnrpea morea 
t^jncnocoUtomit, PL 

""* * * coUphluni. 

_ (cQoL^ a, um, 

. ^wtadtUqa%d,dif$ol9ed, 

* "* <■ (fa) : venaoam In potione. 

MOil, k (obL com or eolle), m. 


''■t.nhmSM aMU 

hif^ gro u nd, aMU; colUa panlomax 
planltle edltu, Oaet. [From tbe root 
which appean hi eulmen, <xUmM, etc. 
V. ontooeuo; and perhaps alao in Qer. 
*4cpel, Eng. UU. j (Hence Ital. ooBtna; 
Fr. eoUine.) 

(cooL), a, mn. Part, Qort- 

Jtni (conLX a, am, Patrt. [ooU 

^Soitito (conL), Unit, /. [colloco] 
a plaeing together, arrangcmeni : ver- 
borom, Clc. : oollocatio flliae, an endow- 
ing, oiving in marriage, id. 

CoLlfloo (co(^*)> 1^^^ atom, i. v. a. 
to place together, piace, ttation, or- 
range, ut, eet up, erect, etc Conitr. 
the o^Jgfect in tbe ace.: ibit place oeu. in 
with a6L or ado. of pUoe ; alao in with 
ace; with other prep.; with oM. ; 
with da4. of proper names : sometimes 
the place is not seated. L in with 
abl. : exerdtom In hibemls, Gaes. : 
maltitndiuem in agriacoUocavit, aettlei 
ae eelonitte, Nep. 2. With adv. of 
place: oocopato oraido, ibi piaesidium 
ooUucat, Gaca. 8. With to and a«c. : 
in tabeniam vasa et servoa, PL 4* 
With other prepoeitiona : cumites apod 
ceteroa bospttas, ore lodaed, miartard, 
Clc : ut ante suam ftmdum Miloni tn- 
sidiaa oollocaret. id. 6. With abl. : 
ocalos pennis, Ov. 6. With dot. of 
proper names: se Athenis ooUocare, 
$etue, Cic. 7. Without words de- 
noting place : vix his rebus ooUocandis 
atqne administrandls tempos dMvttn*, 
for arranaing, Caes. : impedimenta col' 
locaU animadvertit. Liv. $. With 

{'em. ace, : to gire in marriage : matrem 
lomini uobUissimo eullocare, Caes. : in 
matrimonium, dc Abeol.: in oollo- 
canda filia, Tac 9. With peconlam. 
dotem. fenas, etc., a mercantile 1. 1, to 
giee, lay out, invest, advance, etc. : in 
ea provtncia peconias magnas ooUooatas 
babenl,Clc ||. Fig.: inanimlsego 
vestris omnes triumpbos meos oondi et 
coUocari volo, to be depoeited, id. .- ool- 
locare satis de allqua re, to ineert 
eitout^, Tac (Hence It. ooloare; Fr. 

OOl-lMftplitO (coDt). avi, I. V. a. 
to oMketervrieh, to enrich (rare) : Ter. 

OOUSoftOO (oonl-X ^**> /• [oollo- 
qnor jis (/amiliar or private) conteno- 
tion, oon/erenoe (rare) : Cic 

poUfiQUXlun (conl.), IL n, [id.1 a 
talking together, convereation, confer- 
ence, dieamree : eo ad colloquium ven- 
erunt, Caes.: In colloquium venire, 
fcL: in Antonii oongressum colloquium- 
que veniendnm est, dc : ooUoqoia aml> 
oornro absentlum, i. e. epittolartf cor- 
respondcfiee, fcL (Hence Fr.eoUofiie.) 

OOl-ldqnor (oonLX IScfltas, ]. r. dfp. 
to talk together, to co n ver m , to held a 
eonvermOon or conference : ooostr. UflO. 
citat with obL, inter with ptom. re- 
Met., or absol. : in eo Iilm>, ubi se com 
nmsa nostro et cum Curione flllo oollo- 
quentem fadt, Cic : boo uno praesta- 
mus vel maxima IMs, qoodooUoqufanor 

inter noe. Id. JbtoL : deinde ntriqoa 
imperatores oolloquuntor stmul, PL 

OOl-ll&oio (oont.), 2. V. «. to be liakted 
up, to thine forth, to he entirely iUnmi- 
fioled, to be dear, brighL AheU. : sol 
qui tam longe lateque coUuceat, dc. 
2. With abl, : candelabri fblgora 
coUucere Jovis tem|4um oportebat, id. 
3. With <Ut : mare qua a sole ool- 
looet. albesdt et vfbrat, fcl. 

eol-llido (oonL), d, sum, 3, v. n. 
to play or soort together, play with 
(rare) ; (puer) gestit paribus colluderp, 
Hor. Poet.: summa nantes in aqua 
ooUndere plumas, Virg. ||. Legal 
1. 1, to act in fraudulent eoUueitm : 

eollimii li A. the neck, of men and 
animals : anseres a4)uvantur ptxMerttata 
oollorum, Clc : in ooltom faivadt, /eK 
upon the neck, id.: actom'st de coUo 
meo, it's all over with «i«, PI. : ooUom 
torquere, obtorqnere, obstrtngere aliciu, 
to seise by the throeU and drag to p'^- 
son, etc : consul quum pauds oidhmi 
torsisset, metn ceterl sacnunento dixere. 
Liv. II. Me ton. : Me neck ^ a 
Jlask or boCffe ; Pfaaedr. : of a poppy, 
Virg. (Hence Fr. eou.) 

OU-lfLe (anLX U« tltom, j. «. a. to 
wash out, rinse: denies aqua, Plin. 
Poet.: ora, to aio<«ten, Le. toqumch 
thirst, Ov. 

eollftdo (oonLl Onis, /. rcollodo^ • 
secret understanding, coUusUm : dc. 

OoUflaor (oonl.). Srls, m. |>L1 a 
playfellow, playmate, boon eompanum : 

eol-loftro (oonL). avi, atom. 1. 
V. a. to lighten t^, Ulumine (rare) 
sol omnia darisslma luce collustnms. 
dc. Part, verf, subet.: in ptcturlt 
alios opaca, alios coUostrata delectant, 
briUiantly eotoured pieces, fcL t|. 
Fig.: to consider on all sides, to in- 
spect : omnia ocuUs, fcL 

Opl-lfttftlO_(coal'). I* v,a. to soU, 
d^mudu Fig.: PI. 

(oonl.), Part, [collool. 
I (cool.), el, V. coUnvio. 

(oonL>, Cnls, and eollv- 

Yiatt cm. e (the latter form not trt- 

auent before the Aug. per. ; but ex- 
ludveW used in Pliny tbe elder, and 
Tac) /. [collno^ wakings, rinsingr, 
sveeepings, a mass of fuh : cobortls 
et aedlfldt. Col. ||. Fig.: impuri- 
ties, impure miature, viU medley, off- 
scourings: coUovIo mixtoTum omnis 
generis animanttnm, IJv. : quum ex hoc 
turba et colluvtone discedam, Clc : in 
coUnvlone DmsL Ike dregs of the people 
his adherents, id. 

Odllfbnt (oolhibos), t, «».=sir6AAv 
§ot: &changet dc l|. Meton. : 

bMft'fiett, nwney<kanging : id. 

tanking but 

OdUJhtm« •«, /« mo^Xipa, a k^nd of 
pastry of a r oum± elongated form, 
wtacearoni, vermicMi: PI. 

OOUMtollf* *• mn: joo, termiorlli- 
bro^i^vermicelli'SO^, PL 

Mllfxllim> iL ». a «iAXvp4or, a 
liquid eye-salve t Hor. 





08l0» tU. OQltiun, j.v.iuto eultivaU, 
till, Und, take cart ofi agri non omnei 
fnigireri mint qui ooluntur, Oc: ar- 
bores, Hor. ||, to abide, dwtU, or 
»ta^f in a place^ to itthdbit. With aoc. : 
cuUtur e* pan (nrbii) et tuUUtur tn- 
quendasime. Cto. : BriUnnUun. Tac 
Abtol. : dnm atramqne rfpam Rbodani, 
I'i^* III. Plff* : ^ beHow can upon, 
to punue coix/nutty, euUivatet attend 
to, foiter^ dteritk, praetiee, etc.; to 
clothe, adorn : Jovls omnia plena : 1U« 
coUt terra*, illi raea cannina ourae, 
Virg. : (Ca«tor ei Pollux) dum terras 
hominumque oolunt genua, improve^ 

g>li»h, Hor. : Tirtutem, Cicw : pacem, 
V. : oolere vltam, etc., to live a life : 
nunc plane nee ego Tictum, oec vitam 
iUam oolere poaium, Cio. : atrvilulein 
apud aliquem, to be a slave, PL 8. 
to honottr, revere, reverence, wonhip: 
quid est eniro cur decs ab hominlbas 
colendos dices? Cic: In amiols dill- 
geadis et colendis, id. 

o5l5o&da, M,/- (oSldciiTmn, ii. 

n. Virg.) s MAoKooia or coAmca^Mr : 
a plant whidi grew in ttalw, and had 
OH edible root : mlxtaaue ridenU colo- 
casia fbndet acantbo, Virg. 

odldna. f^ /• [colonus] a enmby 
wman: Ov. 

oftldxila, ae,/. [Id.] a landed eetate, 
o/arm: Col. PoeU: an abode, duxU- 
ing In gen. : PI. ||. a colony, colonial 
toicn, eettlement: mittere, liv. : oolo- 
niam coUocare idoneis in lods, Cic : 
applied to similar establishments among 
barbarous nations : Qalll trans Rhenom 
colonias mlttebant, Caes. ||l. o band 
of settUn (as CuniUa, a gang of slavee), 
coloniitM, pUuUers t henoe ooloniam de« 
ducere aliquo, Cic (on the Rom. co- 
lonies, V. Smith's Ant 99 »^m.) 

eSldnlens. •. «ni, a^j. [W] p^- 

tainimgto agriculture or kuibanaty: 
leges, varr. |l. pertaining to a oo- 
lonjf: cohOTtes, levied from colonies, 

OJUdantj if *^ [oolo] a cultivator of 
the ground, a husbandman, farmer, 
farm-serTttnt : Domltius naves servis, 
libertis, oolmls oompleverat, Caes. ||. 
a colonist, inhabitant of a eoloniai 
town t deleotoro oolononim. qui Ca- 

1>uam deducti eranl, habere in«titumit, 
d. Poet for an inhabitant In gen.: 
Virg. (Hence Fr. colon.) 

eolor (old form eolof) ^^ *• <*< 

colour of the skin, Uu compU^um : ve> 
nustt oculi, color suavis, Cic: vems 
(opp. to paint), Ter. : oolorem mutare, 
peroere, to change colour, to blush, etc : 
crebra ooloris mutatlo, Cic. Proverb. : 
homo nulUus ooloris, on unknown man, 
PI. Poet: bea%^, lustre, etc: 
forrooae puer nimium ne crede oolorl 
Virg. II. colour in general; varii 
rerum. Lner.: Tyrloa mirars colorcs, 
the Tyrian dye, Hor.: miUe trabens 
Tarios eolores, a thousand varUna hues, 
Vint. Poet : ducere, of grapes, to 
lectme coUnavd, id. Il|. Fig. : out- 
uard show, external ooMoaibn. cstorior, 

i oMlmard appearance: amisimus omnem 
I non modo soocnm ac aanguiiiem, sed 
etiam culorem et spedem pristinam ci« 
vitatis, Cic 8. Of style : general 
charaeter, cast, colouring : qui est io- 
quit. iste tandem urbanitatls color? id.: 
iraglcus, Hor. |V. o oolo«troM< pre- 
tfxt, excuse: die aliquem, Quintiliane, 
colorem, Jnv. (Hence Fr. eouleur.) 

odldr&tait *• um. Part, [coloro]. 
||. a^j. variegaUd: ooloimtus ar- 
cus, Cic. 8. A*^^ embrowned : cor- 
pora, of a healthy complesion. Quint 

odlorOf f^vi, atimi, I. V. o. [color] to 
ootoiir, patnf, tinge, dye, tan, etc. : cor- 
poim, Cic : colorat aequora Nilus, Cat 
II. Fig.: of the mind, s^le, etc.: 
qnnm Istoa libros studlosius legerim 
senUo orationem meam Ulorum tactn 
quasi cokmri, Cic 

OOlOf* ^' color, init, 

eSouirte. Otls. m. [KoAovv^ 
*EpMc, the Coloesal-love] an appellation 
^ a large amd handsome mam : Suet 

eSlOMillSf *, nm, a^g^ nohowudot, 
coloss(U, gigantic : statna,Soet 

oUOMUf • 1, m. s icoAo«v6c, a gi" 
gantic statue, a colossus: Plin. Esp. 
the cdetrated Coloseus at Rhodes : id. 

e(10ftra« •«» /• the frst milk after 
ddivery: nin. As a term of en<fear- 
mmt: PI. 

oolpa, ▼. culpa. 

OOluMTt brL m. a serpent, snake, 
adder : virg. (Hence Fr. couleuvre.) 

oSlnlnra; ae, /. [coluber] a female 
sniUee or adder : Hor. Proverb.: quas 
tu videscolubvaa? i.e. art thoufrantier 
(in allusion to the Fnries). PI. 

oSlnbriferi brtk, 6nim. od;. [coluber 
feroj tnaJbe-lwartna, an epithet of Me- 
dusa: moDStram, Ov. 

oSlnlnlnnB, a, nm. adj. [coluber] 
like a serpent, cunning, wily: PI. 

oSlHSI* 1, n. a strainer, colander: 
Vlrc. (Hence ItaL ooIati)fo.^ 

ffl>lTiin}»i *^,/' o dove, pigeon : Cic 
As a term of endearment My dove : PI. 
[Probably the same word as p(Uumbu, 
the wild pigeon.] 

oSlumDar* iris, n. [oolnmba] a 
kind of cMar like a pigeon-hole : PI. 

eftliiaiHniis* a> um, 04;. [id.] prr- 
taining to a dove or pigeon : puUl, Cic. : 
ovum, Hor. 

eSlumbuSt U m. a male dove or 
pigeon : a dove in gen. (rare) : Hor. 

edlttxnellai ae, /. aim. [columna, 
oolunMn] a small cduwm, a pillar : 

oSlitmMIt Initt H. a height, summit, 
peak (Poet for cnlroen): ego vitam 
agam sub altis Fhrygiae ooluminibus. 
Cat II. the highest part of a build- 
ing, a roqf, gable : in turrlbus et coin- 
minibus viUae, Varr. ||l. Fi g. : the 
^mmit, head^ chitf, the height, etc.: 
[ oolumen amiooram Antonli Cotyla Va- 
, rius, etc. : oolumen andadae, 1^ hei^ 
V in^pudmee, PL |V. In aidii- 
tectore: a gable pHlar, a prop: Vitr. 
Fig.: atw^porf, stay: funillae, Ter.: 
TttipubUcae, Cfc. fFk^ the root col or 


CBL, which appears in oettif . ocfras. etc ; 
V. collls and anteoello. 6*mImc« la a 
shortened form of eoluwtem.] 

oSlibllil* e, a4j. safe, unhmi : PL 

edlumxiA. ae. /. a eoluwm, piOar. 
poet : Cic : oolumna roatrata, a column 
omaw^ented with beaks of shipe, erected 
in hononr of DuilUtu. Quint (v. Smith's 
Ant 102}: templa vaatis mniza c^ 
lumnls, Ov. : columna Maenia, also 
absoL columna, a pi^tory in the fomm 
Rom.: Cic. Fig.: a pOlar, tupport: 
ii^urloso na pede promas stantem co- 
lunmam, Hor. II. Meton. : a water' 
spout: Lucr. HI. Poet: the top, 
summit, the dome qf heaven : poet Qc. 
[From the root col; v. rolumen: cf. 
oer-iMMWL al^imna.} (Henoe IlaL 
eoionna; Fr. co/onne.; 

051iiiimArIiim, U, «. [colmnm] a 
tarn on pillars r&c 

edtmm&lllltj U, m. rid.] one ■ 
demned at the Colnmna Maenia ; a 
minal or debtor: CoeL in Cic 

eSluBUiatllB. ^ nm. o^'. [id.] nip- 
ported by posts or pillars : Varr. Hn- 
moronsly : oa, L c supportod «fMii tte 
hand, pi. 

Odlnnillf, a. vm, ae^. [eopboo. 
transp. for comlnus, fhmi oMolusas 
corylus] mode of the hasel^tree : Vtrg. 

eSlnS (1 and) Oa, /. a distaff: Hng. 
nom.: et colus et ftel disritis ceoMere, 
Ov. : ace. colum. Id. : oM. colo, Tib. : 
colu, Ophnius in Cic. : plur. nom. ocAna. 
Stat : ace. colos, Ov. (Henoe It eo- 
floodkia; Fr. qvenouxQe, throngh mid- 
dle age Tat caimevla for coUtctda.^ 

e6ilttte< onun, n. plu. = icoAovr^ a 
podlike kind of fruit : PI. 

oQma. ae, / t«<V*n] <*« *<"> 9f f^ 
head, a head of hair : consul Qngoeatl* 
efRnens caUmlstrata coma, Cic. : flavs, 
Hor. : oomponere. Ov. ||. Meton.: 
foliage, ears, sbadks, etc: nemoran 
coma, Hor.: the wool <^ sheep : Poet In 
Cic (HenceltaLofcuMiwO 

oSinanSf antis. Part, [como] ||. 
A^. hairy, covered wiOk hair: oolU 
eqnonmi, virg- : galea, furnished with 
a tttft of haxr, m. : Stella, having a 
radUimt, hairy train (a coimet), Ov. 

odnutrdhnt. *. «.««;^i«px<x. « 

bailiff of a village, a burgomaster : Pi 

edaHAtllf • ^ oni, Part, [como] hairy : 
Oat |L Subs t: Suet 

COm-DlbOt blbi, t.v.a^to dHmk wiA 
any one (rare^ : Sen. H. to drink 
up, cUtsorb, imbibe r suoooa, Ov. : atrom 
venenum corpore. Hor. : lacrtmas, to 
restrain, Ov. Transf. to things : ara cm- 
orem comMberat, id. Fig. : artea,Glc 

OOmblbOi ftnl8,m. [combibo] a pef- 
companion: Cic 

00m-bftrO| bossL bustom. }. T. a. 
[boroauro: cf . bostmn and amhoro] 
to bum up, consume : ttntnentani, 
Oaes. : naves, id. : aliquem vfvmn, Ok. 
IL Fig.: comburere allqaem Jo- 
dido, to ruin, destroy, id. : oomborere 
diem. poM it tn carousing, Pl. 

OOmbnttlUf «. um. Part, [com- 




fiiimiMOi Uif Smnn, or Mtum, 3. 
r. «. (ooneraa, a, nm, the more usaal 
&m. Brace oraMsoras, PL: comes- 
tsi, a. nil, Oc Cootr. forms : oomes, 
n. : oocneate, id. : oomeMet, Cic Old 
tnu: comedfan, PLi oofmedint, id.), 
t» mt mp^ lo mt, ammme: oorMtam 
<^ oocDcaae poasont, PL Proverb. : 
tHB fKile rincet qaam i»tnim volpes 
oooMit, id. : ooena oomen venire, L e. 
t» oime too laU^ Varr. FIk. : ee, to 
caawaw mu9^^ pint otmy, PL ||, 
Veton.: to wasU^ distipcUctquander : 
aamoa, Cfc. 2. In tfie oonuc poets : 
eonanlere aliqnem, to oomsume the pro- 
fftf ^ any jwrson, tat hxm ovt of 
Aoaai omI AoaM: qneioabaentem comes, 

ite-Mf UK ^ [coo sod I, root of 
co] lit omi «*o poet lerCA onoCA^; a 
f ai^ uw foa , ojt osseciafe. cosMwfe, pott- 
•er. etc: comes mcoa fbit, et omniam 
InueiuM meorau aocins, Cic. : ^eai. ; 
a» ttti Tcotoram comitem, Ov. r i g. : 
tone vitaa socte rirtns, mortis comes 
Kloria futesai. Cle. ||. Esp. a gwuT' 
^wa, Mar. toodl^r, etc^ qf 5oyt (rare^: 
Vkg. 2. <*« amiU,rttimue tf friends, 
r*wnei,etc., wjUdk oooosijMiinecf aiO' 
futratoi into tkeprovinoa : Cic : Hor. 
3. tiu atiemdants of distinguished 
fHoate imdividmU: kL 4. CA« tin- 
piriol retinue, the tmirt : Saet, (Henoe 
IlaLcaiUe; Ft. ooaile.) 

QhMgtiii, a, am, /*art. roomedol. 

eteimg, a, mn, PturL (oomedoj 

ogllltet, ae. M.B «Muvmt. a csonMt ; 
tun diri totlea araere cometae. Virg. : 
etc In ^iposltJon with sklon: inter 
q:asa et sUna oometes efltalstt, Tac. 

ado. i» 1M manner of 

itokiia, a. mn, a^f.^mmtuM^, 
fntioimimg to oomedtf, oomie: poeta, 
Oc: versfbvtt exponi traglds res 00- 
Miea nan volt, a coauc «id^^, Hor. : 
italtl aenas, a$ tkej/ are represented in 
\ CbedL in Cic: anrmnsslapl- 
Mp^ms, mud by ooaiie actors tn« 
itead «jr «Mmey. PL ||. Sabst. 
ooolras, i. at. on actor of comedy, a 
I's—itiiiB.' kL ^,aoomi{cpoet,uriier 
^oamedy: Oc 

Q§Bl2VSt ▼• oommiaos. 

OQBdi* ^t odi. courteous, affaXU, 
Uad, sbUging./riendljf, lotn^: comis 
et l ^^ P M f n' »^ CiB. : in oxoram, Hor. : 

camiM&biilidiiii A> un* <«V- C^ 
t^smrj koldmif a riotous procession, 

meOtfi^. banquetimff, carousing: per 

(Indlam) temolento agmine 

raamiMabandna inoasait (Alejuoider), 

a aMaw rend^ a Joyous procesttion teitk 
tartAes amd music, a merry-making, a 
wwfffiif : millimi tarpe convivium, 
M rnwlisstjpu noo Undo, oetenditar, 

, mmmmvar, »ria» m, [id.] one tffto 
hnldsor join* im a fettiro procession, a 
reedier: IJtr. Fig. : noatrl istl oomia- 

satorea oonluTationia, eAoae aiestaiate 
connirators, Cic. 

edmilfor. atns, i. v.dep.^x^iidCu, 
to Mid a festive procession with torches 
and mmie, to carouse, rtt^ : ad fira* 
trem, Liv. : in domum Pauli, Hor. 

oOmltlSf ft^B, /. rconiis^ oouTteouO' 
ness, kindness, friendliness, affability, 
gentleness : Catonis comltaa et fiaciUtas, 
Cic : onnitas in soclos, mansuetudo in 
hostes, Tac 2. fisp. of an easy on- 
ooticem about money, eto. ; rem bene 
paiatam comitate perdidit, PL 

oQmlt&tllS* ^ urn. Part, [comiior]. 

OOmlt&tlUt fiB» M* [comltor] cm 
sioart, an attendir^ multitude, a train, 
rUinue : delkatto ancillarum puerorum- 
qne oomitatu, Ck^: oomiuta eqidtom 
trlginta ad mare pervenlL Caes. F i g. : 
quid tanto virtutum oomitatu opus est? 
Cic Jl. the inuierial retinue, court, 
suite : Tac |||. a company, troop, 
crowd, convoy, etc: nuntiatur magnoa 
camltatus ad liumen consUtisse, Caes. 

O5llllt0r» odv. [comis] kindly, courte- 
ously, obttffingly, eivilty, readily: ho- 
mo, qui errand comiter monstrat vlaro, 
Enn. in Cte. : mimera mlssa legatis, Liv. 
Sup. : lepkllssume et comissnme, PI. 

Oomitiat omm, v. oomitium, no. II. 

cdmltlUilt e, 04/. [coroitia] per- 
taining to the comitia: comltialcs dies, 
on which the comitia were held : conae« 
cutl sunt dies onnitiales, per quos se* 
natus haberi non poterat, Cte. : bo- 
mines, who u?ere always at the comitia, 
and sold their votes or their evidence, 

Uyqf the people in the comitia (rare) : 
dimittere, Cto. 

09xn-Itilimf U> *». [con and i, root of 
eoj. In sing. : a place in or near the 
forum, where the comitia were hdd: 
Cantillus vlrgls in oomltlo caesus erat, 
Uv. (v. Smith's Class. Diet. 170). 
Transf. : any place of assembly : ao of 
the Ephoreum at Sparta, Nep. ||, 
Meton.: in jilttr.; comitia. orom, n. 
the assewMy of the Romans for electing 
magistrates, etc, the comitia. Tbe 
comitia were of three Idnds: comitia 
euriata, oentoriata, and trlbuta. Re- 
spectii^ tlieir natnre, v. Smith's AnU 
104 sqq. Tbey were designated accord- 
ing to the magistrates who were to be 
dioaen in them, asconsularia, praetorla, 
tritHmida, etc.: so comitia conmlum 
habere, I Jv. : comitia regl creaiido, id. 
Fig.: ubidecapite meo sunt comitia, 

oSmltOt >^i«> fo^ comltor : Ov. 

O^StOTt aCus. I. v.a. dep. [comes] 
to accompany, follow, attend : constr. 
with ace. or oteol., sometimes with dot. : 
comltatl eoe ex civitate exceswre, Caes. 
Absol. : lanigerae ooroltantur oves. Vinr. 
2. Fig.: Tarqulnlo Saperbo all- 
qnamdin prospera fortnna comltata est, 
Cic. : tardls mentlbus virtus non ooml- 
Utur. kl. II. Esp. to attend one to 
the grave: Jnvenero exanlmum vano 
homne, Yiif. ||l. ^ '^ po**. seme : 

ut posset claro comltari Hymenaeo. 
Lucr. Esp. fteq. In part.paf. : (mulier ) 
allenis vlris comltata, Cic And in 
camp. : puero ut uno easet comltatiur, id. 

OOm-m&cUOt "^"i* atum, I. V. a. 
to spot all over, stain, pollute (rare) . 
manus sanguine, Virg. Fig. : se Isto 
inflnlto ambitu, Ctc. 

com-m&nlptUiriSi is, m. a com- 
rode in the same manipulus : Tac 

oom-m&rltnif 1, m. a feUow-hus- 

land: PL 

eoUlSlSfttllf f fl8» m> [commeo I a 
going to and fro: PalL ||. Me- 

ton.: a passage, thoroughfare (rare) : 
Krfodl parletem qua commeatus ei»set, 
2. a leave of absence, a farm 
lough: sumere, Liv.: in commeatu 
esse, to be on furlough, id. Fl g. : eras 
Igitur (se. proficiscar), nisi quid a le 
commeatus, Ck. 3. a caravan, a 
hain, a company of travellers : Londl- 
nlum copia negoUorum et c(Hnmcatuum 
maxima celebre, Tac 4. a carrying 
over, transport, passage: dnobus coin- 
meaiibus excrdtimi reportare instilult, 
.Caes. 5. provisions, supplies qf alt 
kinds: cogebantur, sicuti rellqnmn 
commeatum, ita llgna atque aquam Cor- 
cyra navibus supportare, id. : marltimi, 
Liv. But very ffwj. opp. to fVumentum : 
the remaining su^ies of war: ad V&- 
sontionem re! fhnnentarlae oommeatus- 
que causa moratur, Caes. Transf.: 
commeatus argentarius, aain acquirai 
by money transactions, PL (Hence old 
It. congier ; mod. Fr. congd.) 

OOm-midltori >• v. dep. (very rare) 
to ponder thoroughly, meditate upon : 
Auc. Her. |l. toremind one of some- 
thing, to resemole : Lucr. 

OOm-mimlnit Iwe, v. defect, to re- 
collect thoroughly, to remember : quern 
homlnem probe commeminlsse se aiebat, 

oommfimSrftUliBt «. 04^- [com- 

memoTOj »Korth mentioning, meiHor- 
able (rare) : PI. : Cic 

OOmmemdrfttlO. Onls, /. [id.] a re- 
minding, remembrance, mentioning : 
commemoratio antiqultatls, exempTo- 
rum prolatlo. Cic. : (Verres) in assklua 
commemoratlone omnibus flagitiorum 
ftxlt, every one vva omtinuaUy recount- 
ing his crimes, id. 

com-m2mdro« avI, atum, i. v.a. 
to call to mind, keep in mind, «- 
mentber: quid quoque die dlxerim, an- 
dlerhn, egerim, coromemoro vcsperl, 
Cic H. to hiring to mind, recall to 
the reeoUection of another, to remir^ : 
ad commemorandam renovandamque 
amldtlam mlasl, Liv. ||l In gen.: 
to mention, recount, relate. With ace^ 
ace. and inf., rel. clause, or de : causas, 
Ca(». : quid ego nunc commemorem sin- 
^llatlm, quails ego In huiic fborim ? 
Ter. : ilia pars quam supra commemo- 
ravi Moaam translsse, Caes. : oiuucs de 
tua virtute commemorant, Ctc. 

conunencULhUiit «• <*4j- [commen- 

' do] praiseu arthy. commendable (rare); 
i nee ullo commenoabUis merlto, uv. 
* loj 




tu^. QoommeiKUtiojDerta^Mtp to com' 
Uterae, lelten ^f noommatdation or 
introduietion, Oc 

OOmmtlldfttlOt Onl»,/. [commcodo^ 
a commendaUom, raeonunetuicUion: nt 
intelligat meam coiiimeiidAtioiM?m noo 
Tul^urcm fkiiite. etc. Fig.: ocukmun, 
id. n. MetoD.: that wkiek r^com- 
mencU, the excdUnee or worth v^ a 
tMmg : ingniU. id. 

oommend&triz. Ida, /. [fcL] «ft« 

«cAo awMnendf (rare) : dc 

OOnUDAIld&tlUk *> ^XBi ''^oW. [com* 
mend^I U. iil^. ; reooMUMnded ; 

quae m oommendatlor erit memoriae 
bominum templteniae ? Glc. 

OOm-jDAlldOt *vi* Atum, I. V. a. 
£maiido jto oommii (o one't cAoiye, jmf 
imder onc't proUetum, to intrutt to, 
commend to: ego me tuae commendo et 
oommiUo fldel, Ter.: trflmal ad CaeM- 
rem venlnnt leqne ei oommendant, 
Caet. : allqtiem Diis, Tac : nimiiiia me- 
moriae, i. e. edtooere, Cic ||. to re- 
commtmdf L e. to render agreeiMe, to 
set o/f, to grace: nulla re una magis ora- 
torem otmimeudari qnam vertwrum 
^>lf ndore et oopia, Id. 

oonunflnsiiSi ^ ^"f. Port. Qoom- 

eom]ll0lLtill51ll]ll» i> n.dim, [com- 
mentariiuf] a gkort treatise : Cic 

oommentiiliisi u. «". («c. Uber) 
and eQiiiiiiontaniiiii* u* **• rcoro- 

mentor) a wtle-book, memoranatim : 
non eat oraUo, sed quasi capita rermn 
et oralionia commentarinm, Cic. : dlnmi, 
a dap-bookf journal, anet. Hence, 2. 
At the title of aboolc (mostly In plttr.): 
a theteh, memoirs, a commentary^ etc : 
Cic Thua, CMfaria Commentaril, id. 
II. IdUw: abri^: id. 

'oomnumt&tio, ^/. [id.] adai- 

gent medUatum, a Hmdifing^ a oar^ul 
preparation: quoe locot ronlta oKn- 
roentatione atque meditatJone paratoa 
atque expeditos habere debetia, Cic In 
PMtr. : aeae quotidlanis commentationi- 
Doa acerrime exercult, id. 

i^nunentloXnB or -tbut. ^ ^™> 
a^, rcommentui,commini8corj thought 
out, invented, devised, fe^rricaied. 0pp. 
to that already existing: netcly in- 
vented: nominlbos novis et oommenti* 
cUs appellata, Cic 2. 0pp. to that 
which ii acUial: pretended, fancied, 
imaginary: commenticil et flcti Dei, id. 
8. 0pp. to that whidi is true : /o- 
bric^ed, forged, false: crimen, Id. 

OonunantOf **^* /v oommentor: 
commentare ora, fiioelioasly. to demon' 
straie an the face, L e. to str^ce. Pi. 

OOmmaatimrf ^tM, i. «. dep. freq. 
roommlnifioor J to think over, meditale 
thoroughly, study, y:eigh, coneider. 
With ace., de, or absol.: curiosiiu in- 
dpttmt oommentari aliquid et disoerc, 
CSc : de pop. R. Ubertate, id. : dam to 
oommentabere^ PI. Part, perf, in just, 
sense : ut ana et oommentata et scripta 
meminlasettClc ||* ^ d<M^ «»i«rI, 

contrive: at dto oommentatna eat (se. 
m«Klacium)i PL 2, to sIretcA out, 
icork up, write, comuteoe, treat upon: 
mlmoe, Cic: aUqnid m veum, id. 

oommentor. Ma, m. [comminlaoor] 
one who devises or invents something, 
an inventor: nvae, i. e. Bacohqs, Ov. 

00mmA&tlim» i, ^ [id.] an invest- 
tUm, fabrication, fiction, falsdtood: 
Ipsis oommentnm placet, Ter. fi. a 
MMcfcameai oonlrieaiics : Suet. S. a 
prtffecttplan: JusL 

ooqunontllf . «> vm. Part [commi- 

<HWH-mffOi ATi, atmn, i. v. n. to go 
ami come, pass to and fro : fossaro per- 
dnxit nt tuto etlam singnU oommeare 
poasent, go backwards and forwards 
(between the two camps), Caes. Of 
manlmate and abatraet ooijecta: (foa- 
sam) latitudinin, qua oonteariae quln- 

Sneremes commearent. pau eadh other, 
oeL With viam (rare) : mens scnipo* 
sam victns oommeat viam, PI. ||. to 
visit qften, to resort to, frequent : mU 
nime ad eos mercatnres ssepe oom- 
meant, Caea. Transf. to things : nam 
lllaec caupultae ad me crebro corn- 
meant, n. 

00m-merellim> U. n. [commercor] 
legal capacity to buy and hU : oommer- 
cium in eo agro neminl est, Cic : ceteris 
Latinis popuUs connubia, oommercla- 
qne et ccmdlia inter se ademeront, Liv. 
2. eomwtereial intercour se in ge- 
neral, trade, traffic, commerce: mare 
magnmn et igrautt linnia commerda 
pronibebant. 8alL ||. In gen.: inter- 
oourw, comimunication, correspondence: 
mihi cum voatris legibos nihil est com- 
merd, / have nothing to do with your 
laws. Ft.: oommerciura habere cum 
Musis, Cic: agromm aedifldorunque 
inter ae, IJt. : sortis humanae, Tac: 
belU, stipulation, treaty, id. 

oom^m(Broor» <^u8, i. v. dep. to 

trade, traj^ together, buy 19, pufchase : 
captives, PI. 

OOmi-mSrio* ^ Itmn, 2. v. a. (also 
oommoreor. Itos, s. v. dep.. Pi. : Ter.), 
to entirely merit, fuUy deserve (rare) : 
aestimationem ooromeruiMe, (^c. : poe- 
nam, Ov. ||. Meton. : tobeguilty 
of an offence or crime: noxiam, PL: 
arbltrabltur oommeruisse cnlpam, Ter. 

OOm-mitior» mensus, 4. e. dep. to 
measure (very rare): omnes porticus^ 
PI. F\g.: to measure with or by some- 
thing, to pr opor ti on: negotlum cum 
tempore, Cic 

OommStOt I. V. n, freq. [commeo] 
to go frequently: Ter. 



AtnSt •> ttmt Port, [com- 

oom-migro> *^U «tnm, i. v. n. to 
remove in a body, to migrate, enter: 
hoc, Ter. : in tuam (domum), Cic : Ro- 
mam, Uv. 

oom^mQIti[iim> U. n. [coo and 
miUt- (miles)] companionship in war : 
Chaud in commilltium adsdti sunt, 
Tac n. In gen. : fellowship, com- 
panionth ip (ytj nm) : atndlonim. Or. 

oom-mlUtOt »o*>. «»• C*<i-] « 

mde, fellow-soldier: desiute, coBuniU- 
tonea, nisi vnltls aqidlam bositibiis pro- 
dere, Oses. H Transf. : dli, fdUom- 
gods, Flor. 

oem-BdlltOf i" «• <•• Qd.] to be a 
companion in war, to/ght m compmmu: 

OOmmTwitfOt OnU. /• [ooauninor] 
a threatening, menacii^ (ntfv): ooa»- 
minatio oraUooia tanqoam annonm, 
Cic In plur,: cnmminattonra HmmmbA- 

Oom-millffOt lud. etnm, f . «. a. (0 
Molas water on, d^le (rare): Icctnm 
potua, Hor. : oomnucton ooenum, aa a 
term of rqnoach, for a foUrff, dearth 
fellow, PL 

eom-mioiioor. mentoa. |. T^dsp, 
[so reminiaoor, root m ek ; whence Bwne, 
memini] to devise, to contrive, imvmU: 
reperi, oomminisoere, oedo oalldam ooo- 
fillamdto,PL; necmehocooounenaim 
putM, Cic II. to invent, ooailrivs 
something new : novas Uteras, Soet. 
Part, oommentns, a, um, in pass, sjc-' 
nlf. : devised, feigned, oontrioad, fiw^ 
tious : dat ganitus flcios«oommeniaqao 
flmera narrat, Ov. : crimen, Liv. 

Com-m&MTt atos, 1. V. dep. to 
threaten, menace. With aoc. of tiling 
and dol. of person: neoon alicui, Soet. : 
inter se, Liv. 

oom-mXnftOf vi, Htmn, j. v. «. to 
wtaks swmU, to fritter ammy, to brook 
or crumble to pieces, to criuh, epUt, 
diminish, etc. : iUi statuam detm^aat. 
alBigunl, oomminmmt, diadpant, Cic : 
argent! pondus et auri, Hor. ||. 
Fig.: to weaken, impair, enerveUe: 
opes dvitatis, Cic Transf. to peraons: 
re (iuniliari oororoinuti sumus. Id. 

wmrpiham (<^i«> ofimlnns). odn. 

rmanus] hand to hand, in dose contest 
(with the sword, dc), opp. to eminns : 
nee eminus hastis aul otmunimn gladiia 
nteretur, Cic Fig. : sed haeo totxtt 
nobis tanquam levu armatnrae prima 
orationls excurslo : nunc oomminns 
anunus, id. ||. In gen. without tbt 
idea of contest : it^ at hand, hard by, 
near : eminus anmcont, (prioa) qoam 
oominnt Imboat ignis, Luor. 

conunlndtlll* N um. Part. [oaoi. 

oom-mlsoio* k&Ii >(tum or stuin, 2. 
V. a. (ui/. pass, commlsd, Lucr.) to «<» 
or mingle together, to intermimgU, 
With ace. and e«ai, abl., or ateoL : 
servos cum itigenuis. Suet. : connnla- 
oere frusta meru cniaito, Vlrg. : mul- 
snm. PI. Fig.: nunquam temerltaa 
cum sapientla oommiscetur, Qc 

oommXiMltiOf &&^ /• [coauni- 
seraj. In rhetor. : a part qf an 
oration intended to eaodt* compassion : 

eom^mXgSfaiOO* j.v.a.toeMiiiM:«ero 
ate, pity (rare) : servos, £nn. : tmpert.: 
Baocfaidem elus commiseresoeret, Ter. 

Oom-mlMrOTi *ta^ 1. v. dep. to 
commiseiiUe, pUy (rare) : fortamoa 
Qraadaa, Ntp. |t in ilietor. : to 





quid qaum 
BiHnrt, waaoert ooeperit, do. 

MBBiiiMuio ^ixl oonuniii 


, wmmiatfo. ««»»«^ /• Cfwunitto] 

Ul a ItttU^ §9 togetlUr; hence, tht 
tMfiiiifi^ V • /^<. ^«««, «tc. : tkt 
pd^ratim ^ fMMt or ooiOeaU: efo 
SIm (ladM) ouebrari eopio : et tecum 
mn, at >m ab Ipn oommiMloiie, ete^ 
Oe. Melon.: a ^Km da c la m a t um, 
tiiinfiiliiiMi*peecfc: Suet. 

if imtru$tmi,a teartt, SiruU: enuntUre 

ilM» or comJLaoattd prmerty r Suet. 

t eootraeUo tmdm propier mollee 
etc: Devlum,PUo. 
a, urn, J'ari, room- 

Ai im« JPort. £ooin* 


im— t; Ter. 

9. a. to aiate «^t, 

mlsi, misfaiii, |. v. a. 

hli^totetgoiogeiktr; to join together^ 
tommoet, wnUe : ooustr. wllh uiter,etM», 
«L:iL, or «l«o<. : per noodum commliwi 
iaier le mimlineuta nrbem Intrevit, 
LIT. : ooetee oomniittnntur com oeae 
pectoris, Cele. : qo* narU frontl com- 
ntttttor. itjointd ti\Or.: commtoeli 
^efibaa, l/v. H. With aee, of per- 
•oq: le tetfae* U face, to tet on, set 
ftfMng; to mofcA, compart: piM^lee 
l.eliiMe cnm QFeeda oommittere, &iet. 

2. With ace. of thing : to $et going, 
fhogin,jein : cqoeetre proeUom com> 
mJemmt, Ceee.: pognera, Cic ^baol. 
(rare): prtaMpiein committeretar, 6e- 
lort Hu eonlest began. Suet. Hence, 
Tie. in gen. : to begin, un der take : Jn- 
4Uum Inter eknrloe conunlttitur, Clc 

m, to po to Mvrk, to do, act, etc : 
IbUowed by at. to act «o that: non 
ooounlttem at tibi cauaam aliquam dem 
id. With cur: Geedlcius 
ae cominiaeanun cor idbi aut 
aot bomlnum quiaquam impe- 
rfoB flntret, Lir. With tV.: infelU 
CMnnittit iaepe repelll. Or. |V. to 
do vrong: cap. with fadnua, etc^ to 
mmmit, per p e t rate : oommittere multa 
ec In deoa et in homines Irople nefarie- 
Clc: allqald adversus populum 
Liv. 2. With contra 
to o/«wf opotftst, violate : 
committeret oootra legem, Clc. 

3. With poenam, mnllam, etc.: 
to teew, nuMke oneeel/ Uable to: at 

pwqt*'tyfii Don oommlserit, id. 
: to be /aifeiied or conjlecated, 
m a penalty: qai Illam hereditatem 
Tenerl Erydnae commlisam esM di« 
cennt. Id. V* ^ aiafce otser, intrmt, 
fftm in ekarg^ give np: and reflect. : 

Constr. ace. (or nam, in jkus.) of 
what Is intnuted, dot. of that to which 
it is intrasted: the latter sometimes 
expressed bj t'li Mid ace., and eome* 
timea omitted altogether: Osesar me 
vestrae fidel commiait, Gees. : his salu- 
tem nostram, his fortonaa, his Uberoe 
rectissime oommittl arMtramur, dc: 
sonina salds, Virg.: se publico oom- 
mittere, to eentMre into the etrtete, SueL 
Proverb.: ovem Inpo oommittere, 
Ter. : se in id conclave, Cio. 

eommiztnit N ^'"^ tart* {pom- 

commftditnt, a, am. Part, [com- 

OommSdit ottv. appropHeUely, apUy, 
properly, sfiaabljf, oonvenienttjf, weU, 
etc : non satis commode pugnare pote* 
rant, Cass. : multa brevlter et commode 
dicta, Clc II. oomwtodioudjf, oppor* 
tnnetjf, eeaeonably: ille satis sdte et 
commode tempos ad te cq»it adeundi, 
id.: emerseram commode ex Antiati, 
qaum in me incurrit Curio, at the very 
wtoment, id. ML lu the oomk poets : 
kindly, obUainglyt acoeptae bene et 
com m ode exunus, PI. 

IWMnintttltttti i^tis, /. [oomnwdus] 
adaptation, ju$t propeHiini, tymmetry 
(rare) : annmodiias et aeqiiitas mem- 
brorum, Soet. Fig. : of style : fiineee, 
a euitabU oratorioai empreuion: Cic 
II. Atmea, eonoetiiatce, a JU oooa- 
ftofi, aamnto^ ben^t: commoditatir 
omnes articulos solo, PLr plurlmas et 
matimas cummoditatea anudtia oonti- 
net, Clc III. Of penous: pUaeant' 
ncM, ooMtfrfauatice, antrteoueness, lenity 
(poet.): vir lepldissime, cumulate com- 
moditata, PI. : vlri, Ov. 

eoin]ll6do, ft^l, atom, i. v. a. [id.]. 
Lit.: to aicasure one thing with an* 
other; hence, to adapt, oooomaiodate 
(rare) : trsoetum, Cato. Fig. : com- 
mode loquelam tuam, PL ||. With 
ace, eM^ or in with oM;, and oat. : to 
accomsMKiato with, to give, fwmieh, 
Und, oUige, serve, etc : aquam quam 
hostis hostl oommodat, PI. : ut omnibus 
rebus, quod sine molentia tua faoere 
possis, el commodes, t^ige, nerve him, 
Clc * oommodare tantum ei In hac re, 

OOaninddftlit adv. dim. [commode] 
eoNoenieiitiy, mttoMjf : PI. 

OomxilMfilllllLy adv. dim, [commo- 
dum] accordtiy to ooMvenimce, trn't- 
aUy: PI. 

OOOUDOAIIB&f I, n. a coniwiifftt 
opportunity, convenience: quum erit 
tuum oummodum, when it ehail be con- 
venient/or you,Cic. So, commodo meo, 
too, etc. : at my, thy, etc. convenience, 
at on^s leiewre: qvud commodo tuo 
fiat. Id. : naves quae sul auisoue oom- 
modl feoerat, Caes. ||. aaoantcijye, 
prtrfU : ut malls gandeant atque ex in- 
commodis alterius sua ut comparent 
commoda, Ter. Sometimes adv. : u%th- 
out injury or dctrieient; nt regem 
redocas, quod commodo pnip. fioere 
poasiSpUe. \i^m reward, pay, wages 

/or DubUe service: trlbunatus, Cic 
8. a favour, privilege, immunity : 
Soet |V. Meton.x9 0ommodatam, 
lAat which is lent, a loan : Clc 

nflmmM wiiiy ado. opportiMiely, teo- 
sonably : ecce aatem commodum aperi- 
tur forls, PI. : commodum egenun dili- 
gentisstaDe. Cic ||. instaiitty, iwtm^ 
diatefy, ^ust: ad te hercle Ibam com- 
modum, PL: commodum disoesaeraa 
heri, quum Trebatios venit, Clc 

OOBMllSdllSt *• QUI, a4j' [ooo and 
moduaj. Ijit : meoMired tpitft : hence 
fitted or adapted to, suitabU, JU, corn* 
venient, commodious, appropriate, /o* 
eoMroMs. With dot., or aMot. ; ruely 
with ad : banc sibi onmmodtssimam 
belli ratiooem Jodlcavit, Caes. : com- 
modius anni tempos, Clc: noils lex 
satis commoda omnlbas est, Liv. : 
commodum est, U pleases, is agrees 
able: quod oommodmn est, just as you 
please, Cic : amat? debitor a me ar> 
gentnm dum erit commodum, Ter. 
II. Of manners : o^reeoMe, obliging, 
friendly, poUte, aW^Me, gentle, etc.: 
quemquamne existiinas Catone oommo- 
diorem, comiorem, moderatiorem fbisse 
ad omnem ratkmem huroanitatis? Clc: 
mihl comtDodos unl, Hor. Fig. : (iam- 
bus) Kpondeoe stabiles tu Joim patema 
reoepit commodos et patiens, id. IH. 
As eon before edjis. onen implies com- 
pletion, or gives a superlative signifloa- 
tion, hence commodus means, having 
fuU measure, cempUie, perfect, due, 
proper, etc: commoda statura, a proper 
height, PL: viglnti aigentl coounodas 
mines, /mU twenty. Id.: oapUlos com- 
modus, teett arranged, id. 

oonumUIor. itn*. 4. ^. <<9- to set 

in motion, underteUee (rare): commo- 
Url tempestas fulmina coeptat, Lncr. 

eommOUtlUk *« u>n» Part, [oommo- 

eommfiUtoit •> van, Pmn, [com. 

<x>mTnfln^flfcrfo, tM, fiwtum, |. 

V. a. to remind, adwumish, impress 
upon: oommonefigiclt, quae de l)umno- 
rQ^e slnt dicta, Cses. Homorously : 
voe monimentis commonefikciam bo- 
bulis, PI. 2. to commesiorate (rare) : 
istius turpem praeturam, Clc 

OOm-mtaiOt ^* Itom, i. v. a. to 
remind, to jNit in mind of, impresi 
upon, to bring to on^s receUection, 
Constr.: the person warned in the 
ooc. (or Moai. with the passive): thai 
of which he k warned in the pen., 
with de, In the ace, or as a d«tpeiideiit 
cfattse : ut anolus comrooneat nos, cor 
Id fecerlmus. Quint. : mearum me abeena 
miserlarum commones, PI. : quia In dr- 
eam maximum venIt qain de avsritia 
toa commoneretur, Clc : quum amke 
allqald comroonemos. Quint. 

OOimnfaltUli •> nm. Part, [com- 

eont-inoiiftrOt *^* atom, i. v. a. 

(conunoustrsMosoomtnonetravero. PI.) 
to show, point out fuUy or d/fttnctljf : 
aonuB aUoui, dc 




dwelling upon aeme important point : 

OOOMllillori mortaas, j. v. dep. to 
dU together or at the tatne time : in 
«ole com Amnte oonunonuos est (Bra* 
tn»\ Uv. 

OOm-xnArori fttna, i v. n. and a.dtp. 
I. Neutr. : to $top, tarry, eUtide^ 
Kffomm, itay; Romoe, Cic. : dies drdter 
▼tgintl qirinqiie in eo toco oofnunorstiu, 
Cses. Fig. (mostly with in or abool^ 
rarely wit£e«u»): oonsiliam diatios In 
•nnis cirilibos ooounorandi, Cic Of 
style : ipsa mlbi reritas maniun ii^Jedt 
et panUi^»er oonslstere et oommorari 
oogit, id. n. Act. : to stop, detain^ 
retard : an te aan>id!i]n oommoratom 
est? PL 

OommMIOt ^^^ /• C^nunoreol a 
vMent moving^ motion : ▼aaoitun, PM. 
Fig.: a routing, eatcitingt agitation^ 
commotion (rare) : commotio saavis 
iucimdltatis in oorpore, Oc : animi, id. 
In phtr. : animonmi, id. 

eoiniiLStiiinofllai m, f. d^. [com- 

motio] a MUgkt indispoHtion : Cio. 

OOmilldtlllf *> uin. Part.' [oommo- 
veoj. II. AM. : unsettled^ wavering: 
genus dicemli, CSc. 2. «mw0i'. eacited, 
aroused : animus oommotlor, id. : Dm- 
sus oommotior animo, more violent^ 
pauUnuite, Tac. 

eom-mdydOi mo^i, motmn, t. v. 
a. (contr. fbnns : commorant, Lncr. : 
coQunorat. Ter. : commorit, Hor. : com* 
mo8sem.uc.,«to.): to move violently up 
and down, to shake, move, stir : magui 
oommonmt aeqnora venti, Lncr. : quis 
sese oommoYere potest, c^ns ille (Ros- 
dus) viUa non videat^ Cio. fl, to 
move from a plaee, to remove^ carry 
away: oolnmnas, id. : hostem, repulse, 
liv. : nnmum, L e. (o turn over, use m 
business, Cic. : sacra, to carry cutout the 
sacred utensils, images, etc., for reli- 
gious use, Vlrg. Hence hamoronaly: 
mea si commovi sacra, if I put my 
instruments (artifices, tricks, etc.) in 
motion, PI. Proverb. : gleham oom- 
mosset in agro decumano Sidliae nemo, 
wotdd have stirred a clod, Ck. ||. 
Fig. : chiefly of the intellect md pas- 
sions : to shake, rouse, agitate, disturb, 
alarm, affect : si oonveflere adoriamor 
ea, qnae commoveri non possnnt, id. : 
oommotus habebitur, i. c. mente cap* 
tns, /ranttc, cnued, Hor.: seetamore 
fratemo et existimatSone vnlgi commo- 
veri, Caes. : vix snm i^ind me, ita ani« 
mns oommotn'st metu, roe, gandio, 
Ter. : qui me commorit, flebtt, provoke, 
rouse, nor. : in liao C(»nmotas som, i.e. 
inflamed with love, Ter.: oommovere 
turoultmn ant beltom, Cic. 

OOmmuiM* ^ V' communis. 

eqnuiifbiiofttXOi OQi>> /• [commn* 
vico} a making eomwum, imparting, 
e ommun ieaHng : largiUo et commnni> 
catio dvitatlSy Cle.: oommnnicatio aer- 
monls, id. ||. In rtwtorio: aflgure 

of weee^ in wMdi the orator consults 
his hearers: id. 

oommftnlefttnf f *> um, Part, [poor- 


eommttBloOi &^> atmn, i. f. a. 
[communis^ (dep. form: commnnicatl 
8int=oommumcaverint, Uv.), to make 
covMtum, to share with others, to oom- 
municate, impart. Con sir. : nsn. the 
thing shfu^d in aee. : the person with 
whom it is shared, with cum, or in 
dot. : bnt other oonstr. oocnr : dvltatem 
nostram voUscnm, Llv. : coosIUa com 
aliquo, to make common cause with one, 
Caes. : lis omnium domns patent, vic- 
tnsque communicatnr, id.: oommuni- 
cabo te semper mensa mea, you sh(Ul 
altpays have a seat at my taJoU, PU 2. 
Of oral communication : to make knousn, 
talk over, discourse, tdl: homo, quo« 
cmn omnia, quae me cura aliquaaffi- 
dunt, una communicnn, Cic.: quibus 
communicare de maximis rebus Pom- 
pelus consuerat, Caes. ||. Of things: 
to join, unite : privabo potius ilium 
debito testlmonio, quam id cum mea 
laude oommtmicem, Cic. |n. to take 
a shcare in, to partake, participate in : 
inimidtias roecum communicastl, you 
have shared in, id. 

ooxn-mfixilo, l^ o** it< itum, 4. v. a. 
to fortify *'^ ^ sides, to secure, in- 
trench: castella, Caes.: castra, lAr. 
Fig. : auctoritatem aulae, Cic. 

eommlinlOt OqIs> /• [oommunlsl 
fellowship, a comnum share or interest, 
communion: inter quos est commtralo 
l^is, inter eos communio Juris est, Cic : 
sanguinis, id. 

oom-mftnis* ^, o^- [nnmns^ sl{ftred 
togdher, common to several or to all, 
common, ordinary, general (opp. to 
proprius) : vetus verbum hoc quidem 
est : oommunia esse amioorum inter se 
omnia, Ter. : dis communibus ana, 
Virg. : viUum commune omnium est, 
Ter. : non proprium senectutis est vitl- 
um sed conunime valetndinis, Cic. : 
commune periculmn ralserabantur, 
Caes.: communis vitae ignams, igno- 
rant of the customs of society, Cic: 
cqmmuni smsu caret, qf a sense of 
propriety, Hor. : locus, enphem. Vke 
Lower World, PI. In pAur. : loca, jmMie 
places, Cic. : lod, in philos. lang., com' 
monplaces, common topics, id. Subtt. 
commune, is, fi. a community, state: 
commtme Milyadiun, id. : gentls Pelas- 
gae, Ov. Adv. : in commune .- for com' 
mon %ue, for a common otijiect, ad- 
vantage, etc : oonsulere, Ter. : vocare 
bonpres, i. e. to bestow equally upon 
patricians and plebeian's, Liv. 2. ^*t 
general, generaUy : haec in commune 
de omnium Oermanorum ortgine acoepi- 
mus, Tac. J|. F i g. : courteous, conde- 
scending, affcMe (in MS8. often con- 
founded with comis): simpUcem et 
oommnnem et oonsentientem eUgi (ami- 
cum) par est, Cic ||l. In rhetoric : 
commtme exordium qtKia nihUo minus 
in banc quam in contrariam partem 
causae potest oonveoira, ejuaUy ap- 

propriate to either aide of a 

OOBUBttBltel* fttis, /. [oommmnjs] 

community, feUowAip, society : 00m- 

munltas nulla cum deo hooiinL Ck. 

n. courteousness, qfdbHity : Nep. 

OonunlixiItMrt <'^^- ^^ commton, < 
monly,joirUly, generally: literae, qi 
oommuniter cum aliis scripsisti, et 
quas tuo nomine, Cic: (ira) 
niter xaii utrumque, Hor. 

oonunllnltiif f «> «m. pwn. Coom- 

oom-mnrmfirot aad dep. -or. l 

V. n. to mvrmwr, muUer (nn) : Cic 

Opmmllt&bllis. e, am. [coauniito^ 
suigeet to ckamge, aUingeabU : cerm, dc 
n. In rhetoric : exordium eommu- 
tablle est, quod ab adversario potest, 
leviter mntatum, ex oontnuia parte 
did. id. (Of. oommimis no. ni.) 

OOmmut&titOi Onis, /. [id.^ ackastg- 
ing, duinge: commntad^iea amiiMC, 
Cic: crebrae oammutatkiQes aasttram, 

OOmmftt&tlUI, tis, m. [id.] (for oons- 
mutatio) a change, aUeroMon : Locr. 

eompmHtot *^ atum. x. «. a, to 
eha/nge abo*U, Aange entirdy, otter: 
Curio consilium oommutat, Caes. : oom- 
mutata omnium volimtate et opiaSooe, 
id.: quae oommutantur fltmtq^ coo- 
tnula, Cic Fig.: nihil comnmtaatnr 
animo et ildem abetmt qtd veoeraat. 
Id. II. to ex^ange, to barter, tr^ffk: 
inter se commutant vMtem ac noamia. 
PI.: ciq)tivos, Cic: ne studium belli 
gerund! agrfcultura aommutent, Caea. 

oSmOt inpsi, mpttmo, j. v.n. to put 
together, arrange; esp. of the hair: to 
comb, braid, dreu : arnica dtun comlt 
dumque se exomat, Pt : cwiUos, Cic : 
comas hasta recurva. Ov. In «». : to 
adorn, ornament : corpora d qi^ vhIm 
atque f\Kata muliebrlter comat, Qolnu 
Esp. flneq. of rhetor, ornament: nva 
quia comi expollrique non debeat (ora- 
Uo), id. [Prob. compoimded of com and 
emere, **to put togetner,* ** to arrange:^ 
but it seems to have beeii oonfoimded 
by the Romans with conia, ** the hair,** 
and hence to have signified "to arrange 
the hair."] 

Cdmoedlftt Bi^> /• iifcn. oomoedOI, 
VUai.) = Kt*iJi^{a, a comedy: fkcere, 
Ter. : agere. id. : exigere, to hist from 
(he stage, id.: successit vetus hu 00- 
moedta, Hor. : Hyperboli iraprabitatcm 
veteres Atticorcon oomoedlaa notave- 

cOmoedloi* <x^*'* <" ^** comedy: Ft. 

oSmOMUIt *. ran. adj.-rr^Ka^uM^ 
pertaining to comedy, comic : natk> co- 
moeda est, it is a nation of buffoons, 
Juv. II. Subst: oomoedus. Cm. a 
comedian, comic actor: Cic. 

odmOtUtt ^ tun* odd. rooma] hairy, 
with much or long hair enure) : firoos, 

oom-p&oiioor «r -pioiMor. -partus 

or -pectus, j. v. dep. to make an aorft- 
mentfformacompaetwitAone. (Oiuyin 
petf.UnKSUidpartic.): stsumaiooni- 






nor J. 

pecti. PL In pMS. ifgnil!^ oompocto, 
MDcerding to Offretnunt or eoneert : 
cataet oompacto rem agont. Id.: Cic. 
So, de com^cUi, PL : aodf ex oompacto, 

•ompaetlo, Anis, /. [oompingD] a 
joimiwg toff^ker: membromm, CIc. 

MHIPtctlllBt 1* ▼• o o mptiacOT. 

MmpMtllf* «» urn* ^ar(. [com- 
PtaMOj. II. J^y*. ovmiNu:!, itrongly 
lySU: conipactia flnni»qai( membrifl^ 

a^ am. Pari, [compa- 

Ml^ftKM, !«./.« .^fV, peffgi^ff. 
or futattvg togeOkor, a coimectum, 

jtifU, ^ntHure: effldens homllem la- 
pidmn oompaglbiu arcum, Ov. Fig.: 
in Veneris oompagtbas baerent, i. e. in 
fik emtbraea, Dicr. : dam nimna in his 
iDctnti con^Migibus corporis, hodiljf 
ttrmdmrts, Ctc [con and rAO, root of 

, MmpiCO« Inia. /• [▼• oompaget] a 
foMt tntn g Utgether, connection : com- 
pazine cerae, Ov. 

MB-PAT* ^0* o4^* (<^* oompari, 
Ut.: compare, Ov.: gen. plur. compa* 
ma, PL), Uke or eouoi to amoihtr: 
natWB, Lncr.: ooonnbimn, Liv. ||. 
SabtL: an equals a comrade^ eoU 
hagnt: bunc comparem metno meum, 
n. 8. a hner, con$ortt mate : non- 
4mk mnnte comparia aequare, Hor. 
S. apiece in aome game : Ov. 

flmi^MUail, •. <«{;. [comparo] 
tkat amy be compartdf oomparabk 
(tare): mcciea, Ctc. : mon, Liv. 

aoaipMt& odv. by way i^ con- 
periton.cempanUiveljf : Ctc 
^ €0apilftQO, toia, /. rcomparo] o 
arinfimg tag^ker. companng^ compari* 
mm: poteat Inddcre aaepe contentio 
etcoomaratlcde duobtta boneatia utrom 
botteattna, Ck. ||. a ration proportion : 
^gmm Milia et lonae et qmnque erran- 
ttiB id aandcm Inter ae ocanparationem 
tft bcu converalo. Id. |||. an agree- 
iMil, ctmtraet : provinda aine sorte, 
able wanparatlona. extra ordlnem data, 
Uf . IV. a making rtady^ preparing, 
madding far^ prepanUitm, etc : novi 
km, Ck. : veMnC Uv. V. a pro- 
eviiy, gaining, acqutring: teatiom, 

tetlebte /or or pertaining to company 
Ma, e»aiyanU»«e .• Jndicatio, €3c. 

iQi^.paroo> I«nl' 3'V, a, to tote, 
kwkami, lay np: Ter. 
, MOH^iZM. ni, X «. 11. to be wr- 
foctlyofparmi, to af^Mar, 5e vistbU: 
DK tamtn nlla conparebat avia, Lucr. 
■iqiaqvam argenil ratio oomparet, 
^prao, ii cerrtU, PL U. Heton.: 
ia be j>r«aaiil, be in existence: m^gpA et 
^Boa comparere omnia, Cic 

OOAi^ilO* *^% fttom, I. V. a. (old 
fcoD eampanMltaBOomparaverlt,Plaut.) 
Up4lagetiter,tmite, Conatr.: wbat 
h pat. In tbe «ee. (or noat. witta liOM.) ; 
^ wlib or to wblch It la pat« with 
Am fir la dai.: otber conatr. occur: 

ambo qnum aimul aaplcimoa, non pos- 
aunraa non vereri. ne male comparati 
aitia, Uv.: labelU cum labellia. PL 
II. to bring together to a contest, to 
match: ut ego cum patrono diaertiuimo 
comparer, Cte. : banc Hired comparavit. 
Suet. Fig. : ai sdaa quod donani huk 
dono contra comparet, Ter. |||. Fig.: 
toptU together, put on a level or equa- 
lity, place on the same footing : utrom 
exerdtua exerdtni, an duces dudbus, 
an dig'dtaa, an catja, cumparari po- 
terat ? Liv. : multis victi proeliis ne ae 
qnidem ipai cum ilUs virtute compa- 
rant, Caea. Hence, in gen.: to oom- 
pare : bomo quod rationis est partkeps 
simllltudinea comparat, Cic. : nee com- 
paraodua bk auidem ad iUmn eat, Ter. 
With a relat clanse : comparando ^uam 
intestina corporis seditio aimilia esset 
irae plebia in patres, by drawing a oo«»- 

ffrisonf Liv. |y. 1. 1. of oolleaguea 
office : with inter and pron. r^Hect. : 
to agree together in respect to th* di- 
vision cf duties^ to come to an agree- 
ment : (oonsalea) comparant inter se ut 
se consul devoveret, id. V> ^ P*^ 
together, make ready.fumish, prepare, 
provide: praeddinmOeDabi tuendi cansa 
oomparabant, Caes. : copiaa comparare, 
id. : comparare convivium magniflce et 
ornate, Cic : se comparare, to prepare 
oneseJf: se ad respondendum, id.: ae 
ad iter, Liv. Absol, : ex bac parte dili- 
gentisalmecaroparatnr.Cic witbtti/.: 
an Ita me comparem, non perpeti con- 
tumaUaa, sKaU I resolve, Ter. VI. ^ 
arrange, appoint : esp. pau. imp. com- 
paratum esse, to be arranged, estab- 
lished : ita comparatom more iniOorum 
erat, Liv. : praetores, ut conaiderat« 
fleret, comnaraverunt, Ck. Rarely of 
persons : sic ftiimns semper comparati, 
tn the situation, id. VII. <o ^'"17 ^ 
hand, get, pttrchau, procure, clbtain : 
aurom ac veatem atque alia, quae opus 
sunt, Ter. : nautaa gubeniatoresque 
ocnnpararl jubet, Caes. : tribunidum 
aoxiUum sibL liv. 

OOm-PftfOOt ptatnm, j. v.n. and a, 
to feed together: si compascuus est ager, 
Jna eat compaacere, Cic. 

eom-Pftieftllf * <^ *u>^ <>4/* pertain- 
ing to common pasturage : ager, Cic. 

oompeotnm and eompectnSf ^ 

um. V. oompaciacor. 

OOmpMlO* Hum. 4. r. a. [compes] 
to fetter, shackle: in lapiciduiaa com- 
peditum condidi. PL 

OOmpelUtIO, Onl*. /• CcompeUo;] 
an accosting : Auc. Her. fl. a repri- 
manding, rebuking (rare) : Ctc. 

COm-pellOt piUi, puuum, 3. v. a. 
to drive togMer or in a body, to drive 
along, push on. coUect, asseuMe: ar- 
mentum in qMioncam, Liv. : dlapersoa 
bomines cinnpulit unum in locum, et 
•ongregavit, Cic: navea (bostium) in 
portam.Caes.: Pompelum domum anam, 
Cic U. Fig.: to preu together, to 
drive on, impd, incite, urge, force, 
constrain: conatr. with ad or tn; more 
larelj with the sulff., the inf., or abfol. : 

our eam tantas in angnstias et Stdco- 
mm dumeta oompellimus? Cic: all- 
quem ad virtutem, PI. With subf.: 
callldum senem callidis doUa oompnli 
et perpuli, mihi omnia ut crederet, FL 
>Vith tn/. : nisi eum ThrasyUus differre 

auaedam compnlisset. Suet, ilbsof. : 
le, qol aK>eUlt, is oompeltlt, PI. 
OOnmeliot avi, atum, i. v. a. [v. 
appeiloj to acwst, address (mosUjr 
poet.) : aliqaon voce, Virg. : blande 
bominem. PI. ||. to address reproocA- 
fully, to diide, rebuke, upbraid, abuse, 
caU to account : pro cunctatore segnem, 
pro canto timidnm compellabat, Liv. : 
ne compellarer tnultiut, Hor. 

OOmpflldlfillllf I tt> (un> o^j' Cc<nn- 
pendinm J sfcor^ abtidged: via quasi 
compendaria, Cic. 

oonipendlaiii ii> *>• [con and pExn 
root or pendoj/ Lit.: a hanging to- 
gether^ layir>g up, storing, etc : hence, 
.a savmg, profit acquired by saving: 
opp. to dispendium: ego hodie com- 
pendi lied binoe I^es in diea, Aare 
saved tico loaves, PI. In gen. : gain, 
profit : praeter tanperatoa pecuniae, suo 
etiam privato compendio serviebant, 
Caes. II. a laying together, a putting 
into one, a shortening, aiibrevuUing : 
quam potes, tarn verba confer maxuroe 
ad compendium, be concise, bri^, PL : 
compendio m(Hitri, only a daonrt time. 
Quint. Ahsbl. : compendium, shortness 
of teay, a short u>ay: Tac. : per com- 
pendia montis anticipata via est, Ov. 

OOmpMlB&tilOi Onis, /. [compenso] 
a viewing tog^her: hence, a baUmdng 
qf accounts, a renderivg of an equi- 
valent : roerdmn, an eacehange, hooter 
(opp. to jwcimta). Just. Fig.: owt- 
pensation: CIc 

oom-pensOi avl. atum, I. v,a. to 
yjeigh together, to u-eigh one thing 
against another r hence, to balance, to 
make good, eompen$ate. Conatr.: the 
thing weighed, in ace.; that against 
which it is weighed with cum or In 
aU.: bona cum vitite, Hor.: summl 
labores nostri magna compensatl gloria, 
Ck. : Catonis est dictum, pedibus com- 
pensari pecnniam, that the difference in 
price is made up in shoe4eather, Id. 

OOmpcrOOf '^. comparco and com- 

oompdrendlnfttilo. ^^ f- [com- 

perendfnoj a deferring of a trial to the 
third day: Tac. 

oomper«ndIii&tiUi oa. m. [id.]» 

comperendinatio. q. v. : Cic. 

COmpCrflndXllOi a^ atum, i. v. a. 
[perendinnaT. Jtuld. 1. 1. to cite a 
dtfendant to a new trial on the third 
fottouing day : reum, Cic. Absol. : ut 
ante primoa ludos comperendinem, de- 
fer the day of trial, id. 

OOm-plxfoi P^ pertnm, 4. v. a. 
(OOmPOlOr* Sail.) [root pab : cf. 
aperioj to bring up, find out, to as- 
certain, learn, etc. : certo comperi. Ter. : 
per explorator(«, Caea. : oeriis aticto- 
ribus, C^ : Metellum sapientem \inmi 
Aiisse oomperior, SalL In pass, it 






freq. meant, te be deUeted or amvieted: 
dam ne ab hoc me full! comperiar, Ter. 
Esp. freq. tn part, peif, : Doa ego baeo 
inoertie Jact* romoriboa alforo ad voa. 
led oompcrta et explorata. Uv. With 
gen. of the crime: oompertua probrl. 
Id. : llagitii, Tac : pro comperto poUU 
oeti, at eertain. Suet.: noodnm com> 
perto qoam regfonem hoatea petiiaent, 
Hnee U wa* not jfet di$oooered^ Liv. So 
compertum habeo and com p ert um mihi 
net, / know full vrdt : quod de Ua doo- 
bua habnerint compertum, dc 

OOmpaitnt* >« un^ l*art. [oomperiol. 

001IH[MMi Mis, /. a fetter or Aaelde 
for the tut (wax. In P<*<rO : vapulan- 
dmn, babendae comjpedea. Ter. : aervta 
Indont compedea, Fl. Fig.: fetter*^ 
bonda : compea oorporia, Gic. : gnta (of 
the chains of love), Hor. : nivall com- 
pede vinctus HelHtia,td.: ban compedea. 
Ifttoea inqnam hoe laureatoa, Qc. 

OompetOO (comperoo. PUut). ul, j. 
t*. a. [oompea] to conjlne, iuM in cheek, 
to repreu, cicr6, reetrain : ramoa flu- 
entea, L e. to ciip, Drutte, Vlrg. : ipati- 
antiabrachia, Or. : leglooea. Suet. : mare, 
Hor.: dtimmDltaunda.togiMncft,Ov.: 
aufer lacrimaa et compcace auerelaa, 
Locr.: clamorem, Hor. With inf.: 
cATe malo et compe«ce in ilium dioere 
ii\JU8te, ee(ue,/orbear. Pi. 

OOin-pifltor. Oria, m. [competo] a 
rival, competitor: Qc 

OOmpitf triz, Wa, /. [id.] a female 
com^tetUor: Cic 

OOm-pitOi I^ O"" U* Itum, |. V. n. 
and a. |. Neutr.: to ^oroome to- 
gether, to meet: ubt viae competunt, 
turn in compitia aacrlficatur, Varr. 
Pig. : of time : to ooineicle, agree^ etc. : 
with eym, the dot., or oteol. : teropora 
reputantlbua initium flnemque miracuU 
vnm Othonia exltu oompetisae. Tac: 
neqne messium fextee aestati, neque 
▼indemlarum auctumno competerent, 
Soet. Of other things: to a^ree or ooin- 
dde with, to annoer to : tanto Othonia 
anlmo nequaquom oorpna aut liabitus 
0(»npetiit, id. Abaol. : to be qnaUfledt 
competent, fit, to correspond : ut vuc ad 
arma captenda aptandaque pugnae com- 
peterei animus, liv. ||. Act.: to 
strive for, seek : omnibus unum locum 
oompetentlbns, JusL 

OOmpIlfttitOi Qnis, /. [oompilo] lit 
a raking together, ptUaging, plunder' 
ing: hence contemptuously of a coI-> 
lection of documents, a compUation: 
Cbreati. Cic. 

OOnippIlOf A^^i atnm, t. v. a. to rob, 
to phmaer^piUage (nu«): aedea, Pl.: 
fSma, etc Fig. : scrtnia Cri»pini, Hor. 

Oom^pingOt pCffU pactum. |. v.o. 
[pangoT to fi* together, fix up, Join^ 
unite, frame, compose : aedlflda, Sen. 
In peirt. perf. : aeptem oompacta ckutla 
fistula, virg. 11. to fasten up, lock 
up, confine, conceal : allquem in caroe- 
rem, PI.: ae in Appuliam,Gic Fig.: 
quae ptfentM in tarn angustum tiioa 
locum oompegnia, PL 

OOmpItUuii ivm, y. oomirftalift. 

MOlpItililf ^ o4f' fcompitum^t 
pertaimng to cross-roads : Larps, Suet. 
II, Subst: comidtalia, inm and 
iorum, «i. plu. a festival, annualljf 
celebrated at erosS'toads in honour q^ 
the Lares compitales: CIc (v. Smith's 
Ant III). 

eompltintfui or -eluf « *> ^nn, 

ae^. rcompitaUsj (/ or belonging to the 
oompltalia: dlea. Cic. 

eompltnaif i* "• (mostly in plur.) : 
a plaee where two or more tcays meet, 
a crost-Koy, cross-road: Ctc: ooropita 
aervant et vigilant nostra semper in 
urbe Lares. Ov. [Goo and prt, " go "] 

COm-plietOi fti and coropl&dtus 
sum, 1. v.n. to be pleasing to several 
vermms : Ter. ||. to be very pleating: 
oae Veneri complacuerunt, Ft. 

OOm-plftllOt *vi, atum, i. v. a. to 
maJte even, teoel, or plain (rare) : ter- 
ram, Cato : rnonUum Jugii, Suet 

oomplee^^or. *»•. i. ». rf<i». '[con, 

and rLKC. /olcQ lit to fold or wine 
together ; to clasp arouna, eneirele, en- 
compass, surround, embrace, etc. : (vi- 
tls^ clavloulis snis quasi manibus quic> 
quid est nacta complectitur. dc. : spa- 
tlum, to Morl: out around for military 
jmrposes, Caes. : vlri corpus, Lucr. : In- 
vitiacus multiscum lacrimis Caesarem 
complexna obaecrare coepit Caes. : caput 
digitls, Ov. Fig.: sopor complectitur 
arttts, Virg.: (pnilosoi^iae) vis valet 
multum, quum eat idoneam complexa 
natursm, irAen it has laid hold of, 
Cic II. Fig.: of the intelUtt: to 
grasp, com p rehend, understand : deum 
et divinum animnm cogltatione, id. : 
formam animi macda quam corporis, to 
consider, Tac. 2. ^ oomprue in a 
discourse or writing, to describe, repre- 
sent, explain : omnia facta oratione, 
Cic In philos. lang. : to dro«o a con- 
clusion, make an i^erenoe : id. |||. 
Of the will and affections : to display 
affection, or esteem for, etc. Constr. : 
the otd«ct of the sentiment in ace. : the 
nlanner or means by wliich it is dia- 

EUjred, in aU.: aliquem honuribna et 
enefldis suis, id. Mlthout abl. : ho- 
minem, id. Ajtd absol. : da te homini ; 
onnplectetnr. Id. Fig.: qnos fortuna 
complexa est, id. : artes ingenuas, Ov. 
IV. Pass. : in eo genere, ouo vita 
beata complectitur, if oompriaeil, CIc 

oomplSmentnnu U ^ [compieo] 

OuU whidi fiUs up or completes, a com- 
plement (rare) : Cic : Tac 

oom-pliOt Svl. eturo. 1. «. a. to fill 
ftdl, m up. With oM. : foasaa aar- 
mentis et vlrgnltis, Caes. : simulacrum 
coronis et flortbus, to deck, cover, Cic 
With gen.: urbes aramm, Lncr. : com- 
pletus meroatorum career, Cic. AbsoL : 
non benecomplere umam, Ov. : pagi- 
nam, to fill with verUing, CIc : longas 
navea aestus complebat Caes. Esp. of 
food and drink : me oomplevi flore li- 
beri, have sated myself. Pi. ft. 
Mlllt 1. 1. to complete, fill up : legiones, 
Caea. : dassem Romanam aodis navali- 
lnis» liv.: oaves coloula pastoribusque. 

to man, Caes. And ot |wovWons,flle. s 
amplere exerdtum omni ot^iia, id. 
II. Fig. : of aoond : n(>mui ti- 
menda voce, Hor. : completi annt antes! 
aureaque vcstrae, Cic 2. to>U w(A 
any desire, humour, passion: reliquoa 
(milites) bona i^ complet Csles.: 
(»nnia terrors, Liv. With gen.: all- 
quem erroris et dementiae, PL S. 
to aioloe complete or nerfeet, to finiA: 
of a promise, to fulfil it: hb rebus 
oompletis legiones redud Jusait Caea. : 
wmmam promissi, Cic 4. Of time : 
to finish, complete : Oorglaa oentom e( 
aeptem oomplevit annoa, kL 

OOmpUtllS. *, ran. J-ari. rcasapled] 

II. -Ai^. : fitted fuU, fuR : alveoa 

Tiberis ruderibus, ^t Fig.: ooai- 

plete, perfect : oompletus et pertBctua 

verbornm ambitus, Cic 

OOmplailOi Onia» /• C^'^^'Bp'^^tor] a 
combination, connection : atomonim, 
Cic Of discourse : brevis totius negotii 
OMnplexio, a short tuasaMry or onmnc. 
id. H. in ihetoric: a period: eassk- 
niexio longlssima verbonun. Id. m, 
In logic : Me ooRcIittioM in a syllogism; 
Id. 2. o ciileMMa : kL 

e<nnplezilli •. «», part, [coaa- 

oemplMCnit ^» ^ [oomplectorl « 
surroundtng, eneoi^^asstng, encirH^tg, 
embracing, etc: mundus ofunia com* 

flexu suo coeroet et oontlnet CIc 
ig. : respubUca Pompeii fllium ano 
siiin complexuque redpiet id. In phar, : 
Hor.: Ov. Of a hostile attack: si in 
Caesaria oomplexum venire poaaet» 
eoifu to dote guortort with, Caea. 
Meton. : Vu durished ot^eet : de ^os 
(sc. Catillnae) delectu. Imo vero de 

plexu ejoM ac dnu, o^" his bosom friends 
and favourites, Qc, U, Fig.: « 
friendly enU)raeing, love: Id. 

eom-pUoOi a^l, atum, i. o. a. la 
fold together, to fold up (rare) : eplato- 
lam. CIc Fig. : si qms voluerit animi 
sui onmplicatam notionem evolvere^ id. 

OOmpldrfttlO. «nla. /. [oomplorol a 
loud, violent complaint, lamenlatism, 
esp. by several persons: comploratlo 
lamentaUlia muliamm, liv. With 
gen. of the ot^Ject: a bewailing ^: aol 
patriaeqoe. Id. 

OOmpldrfttotf ««. «•• [«•] « com- 
ploratlo: a loud, violent kunentatiom, 
a waUing for the dead : famillarom. 

09111-plOrOt *^ atum. I. V. a. to 
bewail together or vioUntly, to mmsm 
for the dead (rare): draertoa penate^ 
Ov.: nondum morte oomplurata, CIc 

oompplflrw, A (alM i*. P"** l«m), 
adj. several, many: reperti aunt oom- 
plnrea nostri militea, Osea.: ex dedl- 
titils Belgia oomplurea, id. : acyphcniBi 
parla oompluxa, Qc 

ooinplfizlai or 4eni, oAv, rpoo- 

pluresj several times, mamy timtes, 
qften: PL 

oomplnMiUi* •«. ». «4». Am. »hi. 
[M.J a good many, several : dies, PI. 

mmplftTllllllf U» A. a yuadnmgukr 





lectis, aroessltift, oomportatls, (9c.: an- 
mm, vgentozn domum reiriam, SalL 

com-pos> Oti>i o*^' L'<^> '(^ ^ 
potU]) having the incuUrpqf,po$$e*ting, 
participating, guilty of, etc. : oiu. with 
pen., more rarely with oM.: perduelles 
vidt, et domum Uudls compos reveoit, 
PI.: oompoH animi, of a tant mind, 
Ter. : mentis, Cic. : voti, having 06- 
taimed or gratified owt't with^ Hor. 
With oM. : qiunuii qui easent animo 
compotes. Clc 

OOmpoiItSi od^' *^ <M* orderly or 
regular manner, in good order : com- 
posite et apte dlcere, Clc: compoalte 
atqne magnlflce casom rdp. miserati. 
Sill. Otnnp. : oompoaitlaa concta qnam 
fesUnanUiu agerent, Tao. 

OOmpddtlOf Onii> /• [compono] a 
putting together, oompoeing, arrangtna, 
ac^utting: xmgnentonmi, Clc. r vana 
oomposltio soDomm. id. ||. Fi g. : co* 
herence, »}fitem : dlsiBipUnae, id. 2. <> 
drawing up in teriting, compontion : id. 
8. In rhetor. : a proper connection 
<n gtyle, arrangement, dispotition : com- 
posltlo apta, id. ^ an aceommo- 
dation, agreement, compact : pads, con-> 
cordiae, compodtiunla aocUnr esse non 
destlU, id. 6. a matching of com- 
batanta: gladiatorom, id. 6. <>*• o|>- 
pointmtnt: compodtio magistratomn, 

00mp5lltor« Oris^ «». [id.] on orders 
er, arranger, ditpoeer (rare) : Cic 

OOmpodtHnu m. /. [id.] a joining 
together, coimection (rare): oculomm, 

OOmpdtltni* ■« oni. Part, [com- 
P^'ooj' II* ^4j' • compound : opp. to 
simplex: Terba, Qoint. 2. invented, 
falie, feigned : crimen, Cic. 8. fit^ 
ordered, prepared, utU arranged: oom- 
positior pngna, LIt. : litemlae toaa 
compoaltissimae, Cic 4. With ad or 
dot, : Jit, suitable for : alios historiae 
magis idooeos, alhis composltus ad car> 
men, Oolnt.: aUldendls moribus all- 
ci\)u8, Tac. fi. quiet, calm, coh- 

poud : affectas mltas atqne compoatti, 
Qnlnt. : aetaa. mature, eeaate, Tac 

eom-pdt&tito* Onls. /. a drinking 
together (transL of the Qr. ovikw6oior) : 

OOmpStitOt Ivi, Ittmi, 4. V. a. [com- 
pos] to make partaker ef, to mafo 
master of. With occ. of pers. and ahL 
of the thing: roe piscatu novo, PI. 
Fass. : lods oompotita sum, L e. / have 
come into, id. 

e<nn*Pdtort Mm, m, a drinking^ 
companum: Clc 

OOnif-pdtriz* IHs, /. a female drinh- 
ing oompanion : Ter. 

OOm-pramor* Ort>> «*• o oompanion 
in a banquet, a boon companion : Clc. 

eommofttitot Onls, /. rcompfeoor] 
on imploring qf a deity: lAv. 

COm-priMri *(»•• >• v.dep. to pray 
to, suppHeate. implore : Jovt mola salsa, 
PL Absol. : QythiBreSa, oompreoor, au^ 

OOlO-priheildo (oomprando), dl. 

in tkemiddU qf a Koman 
wkidi the roof sloped so 
as to Ouvto the rain water into a cistern 
in the floor, termed impluvium: pal- 
mam In coispliiTtum deorum Penatiom 
trmstalit. Soet. [Coo and, root 
of plao, ploTia.] 

eom-ptao* pMU. pSsItmn, |. v. a. 

fport. perf. tynooo. compostns, Vlrg.) 

» ptU, ptaee, or lay together, to pile 

up : compooe, quae tecum stanul feran- 

tur.Ter.: aridam lignum, Hor. ||, 

Is bring or join together, wMke up, to 

connect, Constr. with the 

or abooL: oomponens maalbos- 

qne manos atqne oribua ors, Vlr|^: 

Is qid coDCta composuit, tdlto made all 

Omigs^ Clc : genna hominum compos!- 

torn ex anima et oorpore, SalL : urbem. 

Is fmtnd, Vfag. |1|. to draw up, to 

fl pai p ss t, write: Ubrum, Cic: versus, 

Bar. IV. to feign, invent, devise, 

camtrive: mendacia, PL: inaidias, Tac 

V. to put in order, arrange, regu- 

late : Gspillum, Clc : oomas^ Ov. : to- 

pBk, to lay properly into folds, Hor. : 

wgpoa t to agmiiDe, tn regular array, 

Tac Fig. : oomporita et oonstituta 

npobUca, Clc : se componere, to recline, 

Tlrg. Poeu: ante diem claoso com- 

pooat Toper Olympo, bring to a dose, 

U.: oonponere et quasi ooagmentsre 

verba, to put in rhetorical order, Clc 

VL With ad or m, and sometimes 

vith aoL : to adapt, suit : gestum ora- 

tofte ad similltndinem saltationis, 

Qitet : hi diasimolationem. Tac. VII. 

Is agree upon, to settle, adjust: cum 

iKma ooaoordia, qnos oimitterent, 

composnmmt, Liv. : ictum Jam foedus 

el omnes compoaitae leges, vlrg. : lenes 

sob noctem sosurri compoaiia repe- 

tsntv bora, Hor. With sutj.: oun- 

Mltam inter Jpsoa, ut Latiarls strucret 

mum, Tac Adverbially: ex oompo- 

iltOk aeeordimg to o^freement, in oon- 

atrt: liv.r Tic 80 compoalto alone : 

T*'* Vni. ta aMay, tattle, quiet, 

ealm, appeaee, etc : non nostrum inter 

ves tamaa oompanere lites, Virg.: fore 

■tt per ooUoquia omnes controverrioe 

eompooantor, Gaes. : beUum, Nep. : tur- 

betas seditione res, Uv. Pass, impers. : 

id, quod maxime volnl, 

noQ potult, nt componator, <Aa{ 

Msec should be restored, Clc |X. to 

Mf «fv hetf, preserve: condo et com- 

Cqnae mox depromere poaalm, 
X* to dreu or adorn a dead 
My, lay out: peream, preoor, ante, to- 
Mmsmortoa conponar, Ov. And gen. : 
CsUry, foler: eat tlU mater, oognatl ? 
i ndhl uiiiqiiam : omnca oompoaul, 
XI. to bring together for a 
hmtOe e nooum te r, to wuUth : doctus et 
aecr. com Faddeteno hie oomponitor, 
LadL fai CIr. Xlk to put together 
fc CTisipai isom, to eomaare. With cum: 
dbucom Ihetls^ Sail. With dot. : parva 

avi. atom, i. v. a. to 

' ofbrhtg together, to eoHUct: nobis 

rsboa tx^pilsilk ondlque ool* 

sum, i. v.a, to lay or oaldk hoid qf, 
seise, prasp, apprehend, oompr^kend, 
comprise : quid (<^>us est) maiiibua, si 
nihil complmiendendum est ? Cic : 
naves, to join one to another, Liv.: 
oomprefaendunt' utruraaue et orant, 
Caes.: Ignem, to ooidb, id. : ignis robora 
compreiidit, Vlrg. : and absol. : argenta- 
riae arsare : comprehensa postM pri- 
vata aediflda, Liv. 2. to attack, to 
seite, arrest, ootelk, apprehend : tam 
capitalem hostem, Clc: multi In ftiga 
•ant oomprehensi atque interfectl, CaM. 
TranaC to the crime : nefandnm adnl- 
tertam, to discover, detect t<. Clc H. 
Fig.: of the intellect: tograqt, per^ 
oeive, comprehend: omnes antano vir- 
tutea, id. : aliquid memoria, id. 2. to 
eoinprtse in words, describe, recount, 
narrate, etc : breviter panda oompren- 
dere multa, Lucr.: breviter compre- 
henn sentcntla, Clc Poet.: aliquid 
numero, to number, enumerate : neqne 
entm numero comprendere refert, Vfrg. 
8. to admit to ones friendship, to 
put under obligation, etc (rare) : com* 
prehendere multos amldtla, to have 
many friends, Clc 

oomprthwiriWligt «. o^/. [com- 
prehensus, comprehendo] that can be 
seised or laid Aold of: LacU U. 
Fig.: perceUUik by the senses, evident : 
comprehcDnUlia ocnlis foramina. Sen. 
2. jwrceptible to Me mind, con- 
ceivable, intdligibU: Cic 

eomprih«ntIo> Onls. /. [compre- 
hendo] a seitina ot laying hota qf 
f raze) : Gc 2. on arresting, catch- 
tna,apprehet^ing: sontium, id. ||. 
Fig.: a comprehmsion, paxeption, 
idea: Id. In plur,: rerum, id. 2. 
In rhetoric: exprenion, style: id. 8. 
Heton.: apariod: id. 

OOmvrihensnii «> i^m. Part, [com- 

eomprsildOf ▼• comprehendo. 

OOmpreMit f"iv. m a compressed 
manner, bri^y, succinetly : compresatus 

COmpreisIOt Onls, /. [cnmprlmo] a 

pressing together, c o m p re ss ion : ventriM, 

QeU. 2. on embracing: arctae, PL 

n. Fig. of s^le: a compre ss ing. 


OomprenvSt «> vm. Part [com- 

OompremiS* tla, m. [comprlmo] a 
pressing together, com p r us ion (only in 
oM. sing.): Clc ||. on embracing, 
copulatum: VI. 

OOm^PllniO* preasi, preasnm, |. v, a. 
[preinoT to press or squeeee together, 
press closely : qoum plane (dlgitos) 
compresserat pugnumqoe fecerat, Clc : 
labra, Hor.: ormnes (adel). to make 
mare dense, Liv. : versua ordinibus, to 
write closely, Ov. Proverb. : com- 
press manibua sedere, wUh folded 
hands, idly, Uv, \l to hold bad; 
keep in, restrain: antmun, to hold one's 
breath, Ter. : mannm. to kaqt off, id. : 
linguam allcoi, to sOsnoe him, PI.: 
greamnot Vlig. M. Flf* : to hinder 





duckt repnttt curb : comprioMre fttqoe 
rMtingaere incenaam ilUus oopldlt&tan, 
Cic : nditioBem, Lir. : conadentlMn. to 
gnaioe,Clc 8. Of penou: magli e 
republica vigmn ent, oomprimi ao m- 
dori exMperatos ligaret, Ut. : ccijns 
adventiu Pompeianot compreasit, Oaee. 
IV. to withhold^ amreu, oaneeal 

Sire) : frnmentom, (3c. : fanum captae 
rthagfnis ex industria* Liv. 
eomprdbfttlOf tola, /. [comprobo] 
approbation^ approval : Cic 

omprSbfttor, w^ «•• [W-] «» «!»• 

pnvefs CSic. 

OOm-prSbOf <^^ Atnm, i. v. a. to 
approve nokM^, as$mt to, aanction ; 
iftUUB tnam Mntentiaiii Undo rdiemen'* 
tiadmeqae oomprobo» Gc ||. to 
prove, citoMiM, aitett, con/Irm, etc: 
nee hoc (H«tione aolam, aed multo 
magia ▼Ita et lactis et morilma com- 
proMTit, Id.: comprobat homlnla ccm- 
sUiom fortona, Caea. 

OoniprOinilflUlli i* f^ a mutual 
engofemmt to airide by the award of 
onorMtor: Cic. 

otn-prdmittOi mM, mlasnm, j. 
v. a. In law : to mffogt mtituaUjr to 
atridt bjf the decition of an arbiter: 

oomptuf* «. inn. Part, rcomol l|. 
A49, : adorntdt ornamented, OBcked : 
poeri praedncti et compti, Hor. 

OOmptllSi Q** m.«rcomo]) an oma- 
ment/or the hair or Modtahead-dreu: 
Lacr. Fig. : a band, tie: oomptii coo- 
jagioqne corporis atqae aniniae, id. 

COnLPVlfilft *» im. Peart, Qoom- 

ooinpimctiiif *» i°n* Po^' [potn- 

OonupUDCOt Dxi, nctmn, j, v. a, to 
pride or puncture^ to iting (rare) : ool- 
inm dolooe, Pbaedr.: barbamm oom- 
panctom notis Threldia, branded, Cic 
Fig.: (dialectid) ipsi ae oompangont 
Buia acmnlnibus, pnck tkemeeive* with 
their oum ttings, id. 

OOm-piitOf A^ atom, I. V. a. to turn 
up, reaeon, compute: auoa Jam dextra 
compntat annos, Jnv. With a relat. 
daute : ooropotare quid atudia referaot. 
Quint. AbM.: praeeena oomputarat, 
pectmiam imperarat, Cic. Fig.: fades 
tua oompatat annoa, aAowt thy aye, Juv. 

OOm-PQtreiOO; trui, j. «. n. to 6e* 
come u^oUy putnd, to rot (very rare) : 
artus comque patieacnnt, Lncr. 

oonitoflt ^* oompt. 

Odn&meilf Inis, n. J[oonor3 an rf- 
fort, mertion, struggle (poet) : alanim, 
liDcr. : molarem magno oonamine mlait. 

eSojltllBli ii Qra< in pi' oooata, orum, 
n. ^idj an undertaking, eg^ort, venture: 
conata patrare, Lucr.: pengere, Jnv.: 
perflcere. Caea. 

oOn&tUSf <^> ^' Cid.1 on attempt, 
undertaking, exertion, effort : alici^Jus 
rei ai non perfectio, at oonatua tamen 
atque adnmbratio, Cic: conata deals- 
tere, Caea. Plur. : compread tooa ne- 
failoB conatns, Cic ||. an impulse, 

incitement: nt (beluae) conatom ha- 
berent ad natnralea paatos capessendoa, 

COQ-e&OOi ^'^ atmn, i. v,a. tode- 
JUe with ordure, to poUute: totam 
regiam, Phaedr. 

00i^«a«dM. inm,/. plu. an abat- 
tit, barricade qf feUed trtee: castra 
ooDcaedibaa nranit, Tac 

OOn-Ciltf&oiOi fM, fiwtum, |. V. a. 
to warm thoroughly (rvn) : Ijrachinm, 
Cic Pcut. : igm coocalefkcta (omnia), 

eonoUMMtUlf •» vm. Part, [con- 

C<ni-Calio» ni, 2. V. ft. to be thO' 
roughly warm (nrty. PL 

00n-«UM0Ot ioC 3- v.ineep. to be- 
come thoroughly tmrm, to glow (rare) : 
corpora noatra ardore animi concalea- 
cont, Cic l|. to giow with Une : con- 
caloit, qnid vli? Ter. 

Mn-Call6M0. Qi. I- V- <ne9- [eal- 
leoj lit. to teoome hard or caUoiu; 
benoe. Fig. to becoiite insentible, 06- 
liiae ; locns lUe animi noatrl. atomachna 
ubi habitabat oUm, concallult, ac 8. 
to become ehrewd by nibbing in the 
world: callidoa eoa appello, quorum, 
tanquam mant» opere, sic animaa nsn 
ennadlnit, id. 

OOn-O&inferOt eAxxm, I. V. a. to vault 
or arch over : in abdilum et concame- 
ratom locum ae redpere. Suet. 

OOn-cast^Ot x- v. a. to chattiee U" 
verdy: hommem probe, PL 

OOno&TOi Atum, I. v.a. [ooocavus]) 
to mail:e hollow or round (rare) : nidoe, 
CoL : brachia in arena, to curve, bend, 

COQ-C&vnit *• vm, adj.' hoOowed 
out, htilow, concave; arched, curoed: 
altitodinea apeloncarum, Cic. : vallia, 

OOn-OfidOi cessl, ceaaum, I . «. ft. and a. 
I. Neutr.: to go auxiy, give way, de- 
part, retire from or to, withdraw from 
or to: a parentum oculia, Cic. : hinc rus 
coDcedere, Ter. : in bibema, Liv. ; Cy- 
theram, Tac: ooncedere vita, to die, id. : 
and abool.: qnandoque concesaero, id. 
2. \^lth dat. or abtol. : to yield to, 
iubmU, give way to, adapt oneself to, 
comply with, auent to : ut magnitudini 
metucinae dolorls magnitude conoederet, 
Cic. : certnm est, ronoedere bomini nato 
nemlni, to give tray to no nutn living, 
PI.: oonoedendum aibi non putabat, 
Caea. : naturae, i. e. to die, Sail. : poetae 
non ignosdt, nobis conoedit, maket a(- 
lowance for im, Cic 8. With in uod 
ace. : to enter into, agree or oonaetit to; 
to po or pan over to : vlctl omnes in 
gentem nomenque imperantium concea- 
sere.SalL: In dedltionem. Liv. ||. 
Act with aee. and dot.: to grant, 
concede, allow, to make over, resign, 
voueheafe, etc: date hoc et concedite 
pudori meo, Cic : hia (Germanis) liber- 
tatem conoeaiit, Caea.: Sidliam nlmis 
oelerl desperatione remm conoeasam, 
had been ceded, Liv. Impers. Pati. : 
de republloa, nial per ooodUum, loqui 

noQ conoeditur. Caen. With inf. 
poetam, Hor. With ace. and tif^. : noo 
omnia corpora vocem mittere conoedia, 
you admit that, Lucr. With fufy. : nee 
vero hiatrionflma oratorfbosqoe conoe* 
dendnm est, ut lis haec apta stnt, no- 
bis dissolnta, Cic. Jbsol. : conanlea 
neque conoedebant neque v^de rqrag* 
nabant, id. 2. to give wp^ relwquiA, 
to desitt from, farbtar, forgive (the 
dat. in soch caaea is equivalent to. out 
i(f regard to, in considenUion (^}; ai 
mihi non licet ita gloriari, me dolo- 
rem atque amidtiaa meas reipoblicae 
oonceaaiaae, id.: multa vtrtuti eorom 
concedeua, foraiving mudi in consider^ 
ation (f their orovery, Caea. 

OOn-cSUSbrOf a^C atom. <. «. a. 
(rare) to reetnrt to in iiMiKttiKies or fre- 
quent^f, to frequent : variae volocres 
foca aquamm ooncelebrant, Lucr. Of 
actions : to pursue or prosecute vigors 
ously: stadia per otium. (^ |L to 
celebrate, solemnise : spectaculom, Liv. 
IH. to praise, extol: geniom lodSa, 
Tib. ly. <o publish, make known ; 
fama ac Uteris victoriam coooelriira- 

OOnooitlOt Oi^is./* FcoDdno^ a tfny- 
ing togiether, harmony *very rare) : cl*- 
rissima (catervae), Oe. 

OOn-centfixIOi i. v. a. ut to assem- 
He by centuries; henoe, to coUeet, to 
prepare: PL 

COneentnSt ^ "^* rcoodno]) a sing- 
ing together, a blending qf voices or 
sound*, symphony, harmony : iUe aomia 

ani acuta cum gravibus terappraoa va- 
ioa aeauabiliter coocentua efBdt, dc 
l|. Fig. : ooncoiti, ayreefii«n<, una- 
nimity : m^Jor et melior actioonm qoam 
aonorum oonoentus eat, id. 

eonoeptlOt Onis, /. [condpio] a 
comprehmding ; hence, a circuit, oom^ 
pass: Vitr. I|, a conception, a he* 
coming pregnant : Oc Ql. Meton.: 
a composing, drawing up qf Juridical 
formulas: id. 

OOnoeptlll, •, nm. Pari. [coad|4ol. 

OOnoeptllS* &a> "•• [oondpiol a col- 
kcting, gathering : Plin. 2. Me ton.: 
a oottection, cot\/lux: oonceptoa aqoa> 
rum inertium vasti. Sen. U. a 

taking, ccUdiing: camini, i. e. a toMng 
fire, ^et. Eap. a conceiving, preg- 
nancy: oonceptushominumpecudumve, 
Cic 2. the foetus : a ae ablfere. Soet. 

eon-OOrpOi ptus, j. v. a. [carpo] to 
pluck, pulf, tear up, rend (v«y rare) : 
epistolaa, Cic Fig. : to abuse, tvow, 
centinne: Curio ferventisaime couoerpi- 
tur, Coel. in Cic 

OOnoert&tlo. Onis, /. [conoerto] a 
strife of uords; a wntentunu wrung* 
ling, dispute, controversy: ooocerta- 
tionls stadium, Cic : jejuna verborom, 

OOnoert&tor. oris, m. fid.] one uAo 
contends or vies with another, a rival : 

oo^oart&tfirlni. a, am, odK. pi] 
j pertaining to controversy or msputoi' 
' tion, cos U iwer si al : dc 





eon-Mrtot *^ fttom, i «. a. to eon- 
tearf (rvt): pvo expkrsto babebat, 
JUBMorigem pfoelio non mm ooooer- 
ulBn&ii.OMt. H. to dftjNUe. deAoK : 
(taopdst) Mcplas com ooete ooaflixit 
tjVHD oldnnMiBk cum <»>*w«*^<* ooooerW* 

eonoat^bH Onb, /. [oonoedol cm 
cBMBJiy, opNoedMa, /KmuMton, Mate 
(ore): amnan, Gfc. |t. In rhetor. 
dH ctfaiatiMt <sf a fauU, with an 
«^fml/0rforgivene$t: fcL 

WMMO, »< I- «• <*• to c&m^ 
faawtff (Toynure): PL 

OOMMflUi •• ODBi /'oH. [ooQcedo] 
HTSoott. : coDocaamn, I. n. jwrmit* 

MBCMtnit ^ "^ tc oneed o] a oer- 
I'fffwa, toftetdJM, wmetuion^ leaae 

(oalykiaW.tMM.)' Ck. 

a xMt-jIM, «DeM« .• ooDOias legere. Cic 
B^t. c ^Mrl-9y«ecr: Plin. Hence, 
acton. : a peturi : Indda, Tfb. H. 
tik iMt-JM ««ie* yields M« pwTPM 

oa t9rter-4km: oatreaqoe In oonchia 
tata fbera aula. Or. 8. I*e erOon't 
fiaaynf, im form like a snaU-ikeU : 
U S. veMcZi /)w hoUUiui oil, «n- 
faarff. aolf, etc: Hor. (Henoa It. 
coeoa; 9p. oooa; Ft. eod^) 

l«B MIed HOi Oe^odf .- Jot. 

a ttttdur^ ahdlJUk : Pi 

DoloMr: etc 

a i>rfl fW, a tettaototu cmimai, In 
H, Eap. <M oytttT: Id. 
1 a Uodtf pmrpU $kM-/Uk 
M e ton. : jwrpfe coloiir, j»N^ 
Cfe.: and PurpU garmenttt ptnile _ 
'^iliiiii duainja, ooochylia Goa, Jnr. 
(Boot It eooddglia.) 

•0»4dOiCSdCi.«.n.roMlo1 to/oU 
(iVcdkcr. to/aU doom, to tumble to the 
fmmi: oondare Uliid conddlt, Clc: 
pvoBot In fiuKs Virg. J|. to /alt to 
tkegrvmmi or Ufekt$, to/aU in baUle 
or Komkmt: acoeaaerat ad reUgtonem, 
qaod oooaol oooddlt, Ut. : te proello, 
Ck. or Tkttma : to be tkutghUred, to 
/oO: Tltalaa propter mactatoa oooddlt 
■tai, Lncr. ||f. to 6rea4r doioR, /ail, 
bar tfrenoO, tofiie. etc; to be over- 
^mm, detajft peri^ waste awajf. to 
ewe; of tbe wind. to/aU, iutiide: 
ttadthmt Tenti. Hor. : qna conddit Ilta 
t>Ilai,Vta«.:eodBm anno, qno Carthago 
(ndrSt, YelL : admoa Romae aohitkme 
tepMOta ftdem ooockUaae, that vAen 
Pfmeut woM stopped credit faHed, 
Ck: opea Prraarmn, Tac. : omnia fero- 
«k.UT.r beUnrn,!^. 

•'p'MlHft, ddL cXamn. j. v.o. [caedo^ 
A* eat M, c«t to pieces, dettrof, etc : 
■woatOe.: pedectria e«e Itinera con* 
cte a miiaiUa ad^Mmt, Oua. : conddere 
H a«aiai» narea, to brstdr vj\ Uv. 
t to beat anerely , to e»<M avtmdiy r 
Ck» 8. to cart to 

; 9ieee< in boMIe, tocMt doion, defllroy, HU : 
ni novisabnoa adorti mngnam mnltitn* 
dhiem eorom foglentiiim conddenint, 
Caea. ||. Ftg. of atjle: to divide 
wunuteljf, diswiember, render /eebte: 
nee minatoe nnmeroa eeqnena oonddat 
delumbetqoe aeutentlas, Clc 8. to 
f triibe down, to prostrate^ min, deeCroy, 
annul: onmem aoctorltatem nniveni 
onUnb, id.: Timocratem toUa rolumi* 
nlboa, to ooi\fut^, id. 

Oon-fdiOi Ivlf Itom, 1. 11. a. (from the 
form epnoiOt ^ * concit, Lucr. : oond- 
bant, lac, eto.), to urge, bring,ora$$em- 
bte together, to eoUect: hominea mlra- 
culo rei novae, LIr. : reDK>toa populoa, 
Tac II. to Mone vioteiUiy, to ihake, 
stir up: condtaa tmbrlboa amnia, Ov. : 
nmraU condta tormento aaxa, Vlrg. 
Fig.: to roioe, etii* ftp, pnwofee : qnan- 
taa tnrhaa oondvt innctens, Ter. Eap. 
in port. per/. : Immani eondtna tim, 
Vlrg.: inilao Tbyf aa condta trmpano, 
Hor.: fflvino oondta mota, inspired, 
Ov. 2. to excite, produce, cauae : 
Qxori tmtaa, PL : ledltionem, Tac 

OOntiQI&biillUIlt U **• Ccondliun^ a 
ploee of oetemMy. a piMie place, a 
tnarkefylace, court, etc. : nandlnaa et 
oondliabola obira, lAr, 

OOnoQI&tito* Onla, f. [oondUol a 
oonftectiofi, attibn: toUoa generlano- 
minmn condUaUo, Ck. ||. a uniting 
in /eeling, a eoncUiating, making 
/riettdljf, a gaining over : qnae ooncfo 
Uationla cauaa leniter ant pcnnotlonia 
Tchementer agontnr, id. InRbet: the 

Cining over o/ hearen: id. |||. 
eton. : an inclination, desire, or 
longing /or : prima est eolm oondliatio 
bominia ad ^ quae snnt secundum 
naturam, id. ly. <m aoqttiring, pro- 
ctirifH^ .Vgratiae, M. 

OOndu&tOTt ^^ ^' [^] ^ ^'^ 
provides or prepares: an author, found' 
er, promoter, etc ■ prodlttonia, Liv. 

COndn&tlldUa* •«./• dim. [cond- 
Uatrix] thai uhich eoncaiatee, or 
unite$: Ck. 

OOnoQI&triXi Ida,/. [oondUo^ fhe 
tdko bring$ together or unilei : a match- 
maker, a procuress: non vldea quam 
blanda conciUatrix et quasi sul sit lena 
natura? Ck. ||. $he nho occasions, 
produces : oondlittbrlz amicitlae Tirtntia 
opinio, id. 

OOOJoUntllf t <^ ^ini. Part, [oondlio^ 

~ \i.Adif.: Mored: (Hasdrubal) (lore 

aetatis prlroo Hamikari condliatus, Liv. 

2. In an act. sense: /avourabljf 

inelined, devoted, /avomxMe to : Quint. 

Oon^QntiUh ^ *'*• [oondliol a 
union of aUrms, a connection of bodies 
(only in oM. tin^. and In Lncret.) 

OOnoilXOi A^ atnm, i. v. a. [oonci* 
lIumTlit. to caZI together, to bring 
togeiker; hence, to tmito, conneet : prl- 
nordia non ex ullorum convvntn con- 
dliata, not /armed bjf the union of 
separate parts, Luer. ||. Fig.: to 
Mttite in thought or /eAing, to make 
/riendly, to procmt the /avour of, to 
bring or irin over: Conatr. with 

inter and jMnon. r^ecl., dot., or oteol. t 
qnin reapublica nos inter nos condUa> 
tnra oof\)unctnraqpe dt, Ck. : reUqnai 
dvitatea amidtia Osesarl, Caea. : aahnoa 
plebia, Liv. Poet: dictis artea coo> 
dliare, to reco«»in<fid, Ov. |||. In 
gen.: to proc u re , provide, prepare, pro- 
duee, bring about, etc: pacam Inter 
dves, Clc : ae illia regna condUatnmm 
oonfirmat Caea. : nnpoaa, to brinfi about, 
Nep. IV. toprocttre, obtoin byjMir- 
cMse or otherwise, to extort : d nllo 
pacto ille (fUlus) hue oondliari potest, 
can be brou(^t here, PI. : pecuniae ooo- 
dllandaft can8a,Cic 

eonoQIlinif U* t. H t a eaUing to* 
gether; hence, ameefin^, on oaieaiMy. 
(For the dMTerence between condlinm 
andoondlimn, v. condlinm.) j. ha 
gen. a meeting, an assemblif: paato- 
rum, Ck. Fig.: tanquam m er etakem 
In matronamm coecum, sk voluptatem 
in Tirtntmn condlium adduoere, id. 
II. an assemblff /or delibereMont 
▼ocare, VTrg. : dimlttere, Caea.: dare 
legatis, Uv. 8. In the Roman oon- 
stitntion, oondllom was an aaseroMj 
of a portion of the people as distinct 
fVom the comltia; henoe the comiUa 
tributa are otten called condUa plebia 
and concilia popuU: Liv.: v. Smith'a 
Ant 112. In. a union ; oorpora snnt 
partim primordla rerum, partim con- 
dlio quae constant prlndpiorum, Locr. 
[From root cal "call :** cr. calo.1 

OOnoixmSi odv. courteously, deganP- 
Ijf, finely, etc : hunc rogara coepH 
blrade et condnne adlket Clc 

conoinaltaJi &tia, /. [omdnmis^ 

/tnm, neatness ; neeU odyuftment (rare) : 
non eat omamentum vMle condnnitaa, 
Sen. In rhetor.: a well arranged style: 

eondxu^tfldOf Inii^ /• [id.] beoiUy 
qf style: Clc 

OondxmOt «▼!. atum, 1. p. a. [Id.] to 
joinJUly together, mix, arrange appro- 
priately, adjust: pallam. Ti.: hitum, 
Id. II. In gen. : to prepare, cause, 
occeuion, protUux: venU vis fervorem 
mirum oondnnat in undis, Lucr. : quan- 
tum mall, Phaedr. 2. With a quali- 
fying a4}. in Plant ■= reddere, to make, 
render, cause to be: qui me insannm 
verbis condnnat snis, PL 

Con-cillXlTISi ft> von, ae^. well ad- 
justed, neat, pretty, elegant, etc : sat * 
edppol condnna eat (vIrgo) facie, PI.: 
Samoa, Hor. : heluo, degant, Ck. Eap. 
of style: (orationeni) concinuam, la.: 
versus, Hor. Transt to the spcnker: 
condnnua et elegans Aristo, Ck. ||. 
Poet with dot. : suited to, ft: of per- 
sons, suiting ones^f to, courteous, 
pleasing, ttc (rare): condnnua amids, 
Hor. Hence, age, ut tibi maxime con* 
dnnum eat, as you best like it, PI. 
[Etym. dnbn but prrhapa from condno, 
the termination being -nus.] 

C&H/<lta.Ot <^(U« I. «. n. and a. [canol 
I. N e n tr. : to sing, play, or sound 
together, in concert, or aarmoniously ; tc 
play an aceompetniment : comua ac tn 





bM oondnnm, Tie.: ubl ligna oon- 
otnolMent, lAr, Fig. : to a^fne to- 
mtktr, kamumim, aeeord: omnllyafl 
uttr M eoodnentibiu mundi pftrtibna, 
Ofc. II. AcL: to Hng ot flay mmgi^ 
etc to ting about^ two of, etiebratt, 
etc: hMc prcMla et flebiUbiu modit 
Qoodnanttir, kt : ImUw dies, Hor. 8. 
to tjnp prop>rt fe gl( y , projfhe$jf (very 
nre): tmUa omloA, Ov. 

OOnoiOt ^ ^' ooodeo. 

Ooncdo* ooodOnibondiit, oondQoIUi, 
oondODlnoi, ooodSnfttor. ooodR)Dor. t. 
contks oontionAbiindus, etc 

OQmidpQOt^vl, I. r. a. [condplo] to 

Mll-elpIOf cCpl, ceptmn, j. v. a. [ca- 
pioj to take or lay Aolci ^, take tipb to 
taJbe to oneaeif, to take in, receive^ etc. : 
ooodpiimt etlian DMrlnom bmnorem, 
draw up, Lncr. : madelkcU term cada- 
OM coocepit lacrlnus, the moUtened 
earth took up the /aOing tear$, Ov. : 
flamnnin, Otm, 8. to coneeire : 
ab$ol, : qumn omcepit mala, Clc With 
aoe.: Penea qnem pluvio DeaaB oon- 
oeperat anro, Ov. ||. Fig.: to »ei»e 
bjf the Hm»e$, to $ee, perceive: hacc 
taata ocnUa bona coocipio, Pi. S. Of 
the Intellect: to taJIce in, apprehend, 
imagine, think upon, undentamd, com- 
prekimd : agednm, Inaugara flerine poa- 
■it, qood none ego mente conciplo, Mv. : 
fonitan et locos Ulk uteaque deorum 
oondplaa animo. Ov. : qtxinlam prlndpia 
rennn omnium anlmo ac mente conoe- 
perlt, Cio. 8. Of feeling, passion, 
crime, etc, : to oonetive, foiter, deoioe, 
commit: Inlmidtiac et aedllitate et 

Caetura oonceptae. Gaes. : allquid spe, 
v.: qui repubUca vlolanda ftandea 
Inexpiabilea coneepisMnt, had com' 
mitted, Clc. : acelus In ae, Gaes. 4. 
Of dlsooorse: to draw n^ eomprite, ex- 
preu, compote : ju^Jurandum, liv. : 
jormuruidi v^ba, Tac: and aJbtoL: 
vtrba, Liv. fi. to mcOce known^ pro- 
mu lgate, declare formaUy : anspida, kL 
M]Uflsi» tidiv in ahort tentencet, 
M^y, condtelw i Qoint 

fflflffftTftr 9Bla, /. [conddol in rbet : 

tkt teparating tf a douse uito thort 

diviaiont : Clc 

OOBOlini. •« um. Part, [conddo]. 

II. Adj.: divided, Aort, concise: 

■entantiaa, Clc Tranaf. to the orator: 

« oondsos Thrasymacbtts, id. 

OOnoIt&titOt (^nl*»/> toonclto!) o v^^ws- 
ing up, an eacUewtent </ the pattiont, 
cm emot^m, affection: sapioitem ab 
omni coDdtatJooe anlml, qnam pertnr- 
battoiem vocov aemper vacare. Cic 
n. tedition, tumult: oondtariones 
crabnuB flebant, Gaes. 

OOnoItttor, oris. m. [id.] one who 
emcilet or routes, an ewcUer(nxe): tor- 
bae ae tnmaltoa. Uv. 

OOnoItttoi. «> om. Part, roondtol. 
II. Adj.: viokntlif moubo, rapid, 
tw^t : qnam ccmdtaUssimos cqoos Im- 
mltters Jabet. Uv. 8. pattionate, 
vehement, ardent : taatlmonla non con- 
dtatae oontiools aed Joratl laoatua, Cic. 

O0lld(tot ftvi, atom, I. «. a. frtq^. 
[oondeoj to put infrequent, violent, or 
^icJc motion; to sm* up, route tw, spur 
on, eaeeUe, thake : ooncitare artoa, Lacr.: 
equum odcarfboa, Liv. : bono (montem) 
niagno cnriQ oondtatoa jubet oocupare, 
CaM.: 8elnboatem,]Jv. ||. Fig.:of 
the will and paasions : .to rouse, urge, 
impel, it^uenee, inttigate, etc : con- 
■ tr.: the recipient of the feeling in ooo. 
(or nom. in pass.); the ot^t of the 
feeling in aec. with ad, in, or advertut ; 
also with if^., and obiol. : condtarl ad 
Btodlam, etc : is in te non squalore et 
lacrlmia Sidliae ooodtetur? id.: Etm- 
riam omncm adversua nos, liv. : cond- 
tare captam dhnittereTrqJam.Ov. : quo 
enlm spectat Iliad nisi at opi&ces con- 
dtentnr?6«ttoiti/la«iie.roi(se,Cic 2. 
to eapcito, eotise, oooosion, produce any 
action, passion, evil, ete. .* constr.: the 
direct octject in ooc (or nom. in pau.), 
the Indirect ol^Ject mquently In dot.: 
bellum Romanis, Liv.: Invidiam in te 
ex illis rebaa, Clc: mains interpres 
popuU mibi condtat Iram, tt^t up the 
anger qf the people againtt me, Ov. 

OOndtOTf Mi, m. fid.] he uho routet 
or exeUet, an exeiterjjaxt) : belli, Tac 

oonel^ and oondtoSt ^ urn* ^<u^* 

OOlUrifailOillft* ▼« oonauncttla. 

^ AtitOi finis,/, [conclamo] a 

loud thouUng or calling of many per- 
sons toy/^Aer, a thout (rare): nnlversi 
exerdtos, Caea. In pliir. : oondama- 
tionea et fonna c^>tae urbis, Tac 

oondimltOt >• «• f^- V^2 <o ccM 

or cry out frequently : PI. 

eon-Ol&lllOi (i^> atom, r. v. n. and 
a. to oaU or cry out together or in a 
body, to thout (esp. in ^probatioD or 
assent): oooclamant omnes oocasloQem 
negotll bene gerenJi amittendam non 
esse, Caea. : laetam paeana, Vlig. Al>- 
loC: ad quorum casum quum oonda- 
masaet gaudlo Albania exerdtus, Liv. 
MIUL 1. 1.: conclamare ad arma, to coil 
to armt : oonclAmatam ad anna, con- 
cursomqae in muros est, id. : conclamare 
vaaa, to give the order for marching, 
(ellipt for conclamare. at vasa colli- 
gantor) : signum dari Jubet, et vasa mlU- 
tarl more nmcUunari, Gaes. ||. to ccM 
together, to caU to owft help (rare) : 
sodoa, Ov. : doros agrestea, Vlrg. |j|. 
to call or cry out loudly or violently, 
to Aout, OKlaiin : abi i^t, condamo : 
Heus quid agis tu. PI. : bd mlhl ! con- 
claroat, Ov. : oapta castra ooncUmavit, 
Tac Abtcl. : oondamat vlrgo, cries out, 
Ov. 2. to oaU a deadperton by name 
by way </ lawtentation (v. Smithes Ant 
187): at ax maesds panlo antedomU 
bus, quae oondamaveimnt suoa, procvr* 
reretur in vlas, Liv. Hence proverb. : 
Jam condamatum eat, U it all over, Ter. 

O^nel&V*! K «. rcUvis] a room, 
dinxng-hall, cabinet, closet, uaU, coop, 
etc, that may be locked up: virgo in 
condavi sedet, Ter. : qoom ooenatua 
cobitom in Idem oonolave com duoboa 

eon-dftdo* •(• ■«», i. «.«. [dtoM} 

to sMit «p together or closely, facl osi ', 
conjlne : bestlaa deleotaUocda causa, 
Clc : ooDcluaam hk babeo axoicm 
aaevam, T«r.: Inbelligentlam In anlmo, 
anlmam in oorporB,Clc: longa aUam 
Mse navlgatkmem concloao m«rl atqne 
in vastissimo oceano, Caea. B. Fig.: 
to incliide, compress, reiirawi, cem^ 
prite: fortona tot res in onom eoodnslt 
diem, Ter. : Jas dvlle in parvom et «n- 
gustom locum coododere, Clc %, to 
end, dole, ooncliMis.*eplstolam.ld. S. 
In ibetofte : to dose rkythm ic a Uy , to 
round off: venom, Hor. 4. In 

philoa. : to condnde; i^itfcr, argfte, do- 
monttrate : argumentnm, Clc : id qooA 
ooncludere ill! vellnt. non efild ex pro* 
posltia, nee esse conseqaena, id. 

OOnoIfM* odv. with periodc rketort- 
caMy ckued or rounded q^: oonciBaa 
i^teque dloere, Cic 

OOnollLilOt <taila^/'.[coQdado] a Amt- 
tif^f up, doting: palpebranmi, CoeL 
Aur. 2.Mllit.l.l.asi^e,blecib«le: 
dlutlna,Caea. Q. Fig.: a oonclnsion. 
end : In extrema parte et ooDdoaione 
muneris ac negotil, Clc %, In rba- 
torlc: the condution qf a diooomrm, 
peroration : oonduak) eat exitua et 
determinatio totius orattonia. id.: a 
period : id. 8. In kiglc : tts eon- 
clutUm in a lyUo^am, the conocqueMce : 

OpHfllftrfwlftftlftt M. /• dim. [coo- 
clusioj a tiUy or coptiotts iitfetrmee : 

eondltLinft •» nm» i*ttH. rcoQcladoX 

eoneoetllf* «.un. Part, [booooqoo]. 

OOn-Men&tiO* bDi%f. a tupping to- 
getker, the company at tuppor : iJku 

OOXHriUOTt Orts, of the 

(In the poets used only in the 

ting.). With dot.: omoolar eat Olia, 
Ov.: Candida per silvam cum fsta ooo- 
color albo procabuit sos, Vfaqg. 

OOn-miXtttllft ». nm. attondsd: 

eon-eSpiilOt i- «• «• tojoin,mUte: 
argentnm auro^ Lucr. 

00n-e6QIU>i coxi, coctom, |. V. a. to 
boa together (rare) : Plin. ||. ^ di. 
gett: dbua udlllmua ad cooooqoeii* 
dam. Ck. |||. Fig. with pron. re^ 
fleet. : to untie, pine away : ego ma et 
ooncoquo et maoero et def)Bt%Qw PL 
2. like oor digett^to emdwrt^ 
tufer, put up with, brook : at ^Jna lata 
odk non sornaam actum, aed etkm odd- 
coquam. Qc 8. <« reflect wuUwroly 
upon, to contiderweU: Ubi dia dalibe- 
randametcooooquendumeat,ld.: cla»> 
deattaia oonsilla cooooquere. to ( 
devise. Uv. 

CCflAOOrdXftt tii^f'{conoart]an 

ing together, un ion, , 
ooooordia parvae res creaount : dtaoor- 
dia maxumae dHabuntur, Salt quid 
velit et poadt rerom ocmconfia dSarara. 
Ror. Meton.: an intimate /ricnd ; 
Ov. Of things: rerom agendaram or* 
dlnem et, at lu dioam, ooooordiana. etc. 
OOneordltert ^^ karmoniouaig. 




•nieoMir.* uoDuotd i tCT et amore vlxit 
com JmitL, Soek Comp.: conoOTdius 
beUum gerere. LiT. Sup.: quicmncon- 
oordiMfane vizerat, Cic 

cmOQfdOt *A atom, i. v. n. [coa- 
oof5 1. Neotr. : to he oT one 
««»» to Oj^ree te0etA«r, to be wmtod, to 
httraumite (rare) : oaooordore com ali- 
qso, Ter. : aalml aanltas didtnr, quom 
^ jadkla opiniogieiiqoe oonoordaot, 

MII-«ort, dta. wO*. [cor] /oJtiv <o- 

Cr,0/tKe uwu minA, mutedf agree- 
hxnmmiciu, peaceful: ne lecnm 
({Qkkm ipse oanoon. Liv.: at multo 
Hat d«ita« coocordior, PL : com coDoor- 
dig^bmia fhUrfbaa, Ck. 

MB^erebretoot t^rfii, }. v. n. to 

mome/requefU, incna$e : Ylig. 

eoiHaMo* <ftUt dltom, J. V. a. to 
imtnut, oomtign, commUt to : mibi avoa 
bi^oa coDcmlUit tbeaaonmi aurl, PL : 
ran et funam alicoi ccnmneiidiure et 
ooDcrederet CSc. 

WP^fffaWt *^ atom, X. V. a. to 
&Mn» mp en A'reljr, consume : vlToa igni, 
lir. : mtem igni, kL 

MIMSrtpOt pAi> pltom, I. V. n. and 
0. L Neotr.: to ra/(k,Cfieafe,|^<«, 
dtuk,Hc: ooDclamat omnls moltltodo 
et ■«) more armia coocrepat, Caea. 
Prorerb.: digida eoocrepere, by map- 
ptmg the Jlngen, L e. by the tmaUett 
i^wrttCHc JAaoL: qntrimolac decem- 
viri oaoovpuerlnt. armati in civea esse 
pOHtnt. Sfuypped their Jlngert^ id. ||. 
AcL: to ca«M to wind or raltk, to 
UrOct «9>on (rare) : aera, Ov, 

OOn CIMOO, S^ itom, i. V. n. (iat/. 
tffmc CQDcreaae, OT.)t to ^roti' together: 
aat simpiex cat natora anlmantis aot 
ooBcnta ex ploriboa uatorla, grown to- 
githerfrom, eompooed of, Cic. ||. to 

r» up, take /orm, to ^nvw. tncreose .* 
tenia terram ccnkcrescere parvia, 
Loor. Fig.: iUod ftmeatom aoimaL ex 
Bcfutti atoprtey c^c dvili crocAv con- 
^^Oa^C^^ HI. to Aordm, concfefue, 
<«rAe, seijfeii, oofi|;eai, etc: rlgido 
O DBue a u e i e roatro ora victet, to $t^en 
Ma a hard beak. Or.: ooncretoa sao- 
l^e oteei^ ttuek together or dotted, 

OOaeritSo* Oi>is» /• [concreaco] a 
w^timg, condensing, congealing: can- 
■e quae rim babeant frigoris et calorli, 
ooooetiooii et liauoria, Clc. ||. 
Xcton.: maUrialUy, matter: meua 
■egragau ab omni ooocretione mortall, 

MBOrStaSf «. nn« Port, [Id.]^roi0n 
li(pdSer, coanMNMMlMi. ||, Jcl;.: 

(MdotMd; fAMclr. Aord, «t(/r. curdled, 
mwfwifiif, dotted, etc.: ooncretos aer 
(iRp. tama, exteooatos), Clc : pingoe 
et c w i ci e ium ease coelum, id. : lac, 
Tfaf. : ooncreu et dorau glades, LiT. 

ocn-adbBiIiior* <^t^ <' ^' ^* ^ 

IraM^a M<^cr oomolainf, to co«ip2afn 
MM : advenom anqoem, PL 

eOD-otildOt I. V. <>• to torment rack, 
torturt enerug : Locr. 

MBOflUxiftt *^ /' CcoocaLo3 a con- 

CMMn«, mittrtu : Clc ||. In gen. : 
a wanton: Tac 

OOncHb&I&tllli tla, M. [concobinos^ 
eflAobitation uniMou^ marriage, concu- 
binage: emere aliquam in ooncoblna- 
tom sibi, PL ||. aduUero%u inter- 
ooune: noptarom, i. e, with the be- 
trothed, Saei. 

OOnojlUxillf I U "^ [concobo] a eata- 

oonoiiUtoif Q«t ^ [id-l ^ ^Tf^^9 

together: Prop. l\, copulation, coi- 
tion: ficti rdeomm) com huroano ge> 
nere coDcnlHtoa, Qc Of anlmaU: torptDa 
pecudom coocobitos, Virg. 

eonoftblniii* u« »• D<^] ^ ^*"^ ^ 

thejirstgleep: PL 

eonoiiMiif* Ot ura> <xV* p<L] of or 
belonging to the time of sttep : only 
in tbe i^rase, ooncubia nocte, in the 
first sleep, Clc. 

eon-CuDOt bui, Utom, i. v. n. to lie 
together: Prop. ||. to lie with, to 

have sexual intercourse with: com 
aliqoa, Ter. 

OOn-OUloOt &vi, atom, i.v.a. [calco: 
cf. eXcolcu, incalco. procolco^ to tread 
under foot, to crush or bruiu by tread- 
ing: CaU>. II. Fig.: totreadfllotm, 
trample upon, abuse: iatom eemper ilU 
ipei domi proterendom et ooncolcandom 
potaveront, C\c, 2. <o despise, treat 
with contemvt : laoream, id. 

OOXHrnsiDOt i'V.n. [cfTB, cumb, v. 
accmnbojto lie with, for aexoal inter- 
coarse (rare]) : (Tinjne, Ov. 

eon-eftpunit entis, PaH. [cupio] 
warmly desiring, copeting (rare) : am- 
copientea regni, Enn. in Cic 

OOn-^PuCO] Ivi or ii, Itom, j. v. a. 
incep. pd. J to Umg much for, to covet, 
to a^rire to, strive after: s^gno. tabolas, 
Cic: eloqnentiam, Tac. With inf.: 
ducere Saiiaiam in matrimoniom« Clc. 
Abecil. (rare) : fingebat et metom, qoo 
magis concupisceret, Tac 

OOn-OfUrOt !• V. a. to care for suit- 
OMjf, attetid to : PL 

00&"dUTOi coni, cursom, |. v. n. 
(perf., rtdupl. concucurrit, Flor.) to 
run together, to run in a body, to as- 
semble or node together: tota Italia 
concurret, Cic: ad boa (fc. Dniides) 
mognos adolescentiom numerus dliwH- 
plinoe causa concurrit, Caes. : omnea 
ooncorrenint ad Perdiocam opprimen- 
dom, united, Nep. Of a single pcraon 
^intens.') : uon atatlm ad AqxUUium 
concarruses? Clc ||. to run upon 
one another, to meet or dash together. 
Of tblngs: ooncurront nobea ventla, 
Locr. : ne prora concorrerent, lir. : 
mediia concurrere in ondis <Ucantur 
montes (vis., the Symplegadea). Ov. : 
ooncurrll dextera laerae, t. e, in ap- 
plauding, Hor. III. MiUt. I. (. to 
engage in combat, charge, 4oin battk, 
jfp4l.' conatr.: inter with pron. re- 
fuet., evim, contra, the datn and absol, : 
ctMicommt eqoitea inter se, Caes.: cam 
hoc concorrit Eumenes, Nep.: eqoitea 
contra mnltitadinema>ncammt,c/luirye, 
HirL: audet viris coocurrere Tiigo, 

Virg.: com infestis signis conourrout, 
Sail. Pass, impers. : ex proximia caa- 
tellia eo concorsum est, Caes. |V. Of 
abatract ol^ta: to meet, amcur, hap- 
pen at the same time : multa concumnit 
slmnL Ter.: res concorrcnt coutrariac, 
Cic: si qoid tale accidisset, ut uuu 
concorrerent nomina, that the accounts 
do not become due on the same day, id. 

OOnoan&tiOt ^'^ /• [concurso^ a 
running together: com multa concur- 
aatione (pc^poU), Clc ||. Fig.: a 
correspondence, coineidence, agre&nent : 
somniorom, kL |||. a running about, 
going to and fro, etc : com multa con- 
curaatione magnoquo clamore, moving 
about on thepki^onn. Id. |V. MiUt. 
1. 1. a skirmishing : Cort. 

00]ieilT8&tor» Srii; m. [id.3 one who 
runs hither and hither; in millt. lang. 
a skirmisher, opp. to statarios: con- 
corsator et vagus pedes, Liv. 

OOncnraiOt ^1b, /. rconcmro]) a 
running or meeting together, a wncur- 
rence, concourse : atiunorum. Cic ||. 
In rfaatoric, a repetition of the Uiit 
words of a period: coDcuraio et impetus 
in eadem verba, id. 

Oon-OUrsOf i- v. n. and a.freq, [id.3 
to run together frequently or violently, 
to run aiout, rush hither and thitha; 
to be busy: dlea noctesque concursare, 
Cic : Tltorlus trepidare, concursare, co- 
hortesque dlsponcre, Caea. Impers. 
pass. : in his administrandls rcbtis qiumi 
maxlme concursari Jnbet. id. In milit. 
lang. to skirmish: Liv. |l. Act: 
to visit, frequent : quum Jam hoc novo 
more omnes fere domos omnium con- 
cursent, go from house to home, Cic 

OOncuranft ^, m. [id.] a run- 
ning or Jtocking together, a concourse, 
assembly : fit concursus per vias, PL : 
iu plur. : incredibllem in modum coor 
cursns fiuut ex Agris, Cic Of thlnRS : 
navium, Caes. : asper concursus verbo*- 
mm, a harsh combination, Cic ||, 
Milit. 1. 1. an onset, attack, duxrge : nt 
satis esset ad concursum utziusque 
exerdtus, Coos. Fig. : concureus cm- 
ninm philosophorum sosttnere, Cic. 
III. Of abfttr. ol\jecta: union^ combi- 
nation : honeatlseimorum stodionim, Id. 

OoneitBttLlt *• um, Part. [cuncuUo]. 

COneosauit ILb, m. [ooncutio] a 
shaking, concussion (onljln obLsing,): 

00ll>ciitl0t cussl, cuasom, }. v. a, 
fquatioj to shake together, up or about, 
to shake violenHy, agitate : concussae 
cadont urbea, Lucr. : miOore cachinno 
concutittir. Jov. : caput, Ov. Poet.: 
te ipstmi concute, num qua tibi vitlorum 
tnaeverit olim natura, examine yourself, 
Hor. 2. to strike together, dcsh : 
sangninea mann crepltantia concutit 
A*^*^ Chr. 11. Fig.: to <Aa^ the 
foundations of, to impair, disturb, 
distract: rempubUcam. Cic: concustui 
jam et pene fhtcto Hannibale, Lir. 
2. to terrify, alarm, trouble .* ter- 
rorem metom concuticntcro defiulmit, 
etc : oiteni. Virg. |||. to urgt, ca- 



con DO 


riU, rouie: feoundam ooocate pectus, 

k»(]a IMU ring for tlavet : PL 
Oondiooti ^ V* imptrg. it beeomet, 

it meeL teemlv: oftples quo4 te coode- 

eon-dMroi «▼!. atom, i. v. a. to 

adorn exeesttvely or car^fvUp (nre): 

Indos toenlooflv Ter. 
OondAnm&tor* Orit» m. [condonno]) 

on« who cauta a condemnatioH, an 

OOn-dramOf (^^it stam, i. v. a. 
[damno] to jentenoe, oondeMn, doom: 
conttr.: ateof., with the yetu obi. and 
d« : Utter od or in with aoc^ and dot: 
({) il(Mo<. : hunc per Judloem oondem- 
nabis, cutat de ea re nnllam est arbi- 
trimn ? 6c (il) With gen. : Ddariomm 
•celerum condcsnniiti, eonvietod of in» 
famous orima, id. (Ui) With oM.: 
aUqaem eodem crimine, kL (iv) With 
de : de ambita. Suet, (v) With ad : 
aUquem ad metalla et munitionet via- 
nun aat bestias. id. (vi) With in: in 
antliam, id. 2. In ute praetor's for- 
mala to the judex with dot. : hence, 
ouaererent eoqno modo petitorem ipaom 
Aprooio condemnare poasent, Ctc. ||. 
In geiu : to condemn, olame, disapprove : 
aliqnem inertiae, id. : iununae se iniqai< 
tatis condemnarl debere, Gaes. N|. 
to wrffe or effect the eondewmatien «/ 
a permm (rare) : omntom mortaUom 
sententiis ooDdonnavi, coMed Aim to be 
condemned, Gic. (Henoe Fr. oon- 

Oon-dniflll. «. om, a<(^. very dente, 
close together, thick: condenn oontex- 
taqoe nutgLi(oorporaX txict.: condeosae 
pnppes Utore, vbrg.: vallis arboribua 
coodensa, thickljf cotertd, lAr. 

OOn-^UoOt ^U ctum, 3,v.a, to ipeak 
teUk, taSkowTt agree upon, to decide, 
appoint, toi : tic coDStituant, sic oon- 
dicunt, Tac : oerto coodixit pretio, 
agreed upon a fixed price, Pliaedr. 
Hence in the phrase, allcni aid coenam 
or coenam condicere, to engage onetdf 
at a gueet to tupper: ad coenam aliquo 
ooudicam fotas, PI. : so obsoL ; nam 
qnom mlhl condixisset, coenavit apud 
me In mei generi hortis, Cic 

OOndiniSi ode. verjf KortkUjf : PL 

eon-diigniif* «, mn, a^. u^otijf 

daerving, very worthy (rare): coodig- 
nam donmn, qnalis't qm donum dedit, 

(XUldlniaitllBIt it n. Tcondio]) spice, 
seatoning: dbi, Clc. Fig.: omnium 
sermonum facetiae, id. 

eondlo* I^i or ii, Itum, 4. v. a. (access, 
fonn from condo, q. v. : cf. oompono) 
to pre s erve fruit, etc., to pieJde : oleas 
albas, Osto. Meton. : to embalm: 
mortuos (Aegyptil) condltmt, Cic ||. 
to make savmtry, to seaton, spice t 
coenam. PI.: Jos male, Hor. : on* 
qnenta, to perfume, Cic. f||. Fig. : to 
ornament : to make pUatant or agree' 
aUe : to soften, temper, etc : duo sunt, 
quae oondJant oratlonem : Terborum 


nameronmx|oe Jnco nd itas. Id.: hilari* 
tate tiistlUam temporom, id. 

OOBdiMdplUitllft ^ *>- [oondlBci- 
pulos] oomjMMMonsAip in tekool (rery 
rare): Nep. 

oon-diaidpiiliif f I m, a ao4oo(- 
/cUom; oomiMmion at school.* Clc 

ttUk-ditOOt dhfld, 3. v.a, to team 
in oomvany with : Xpp, II. to learn 
eartfuUy, eagerly, or todl (rare). 
With ooc: modoa, Hor. With iitf.: 
oondiaoas mlhl poulo diUgentias suppU- 
care, Gte. With a rclal. clause; c<»- 
disoere qui pecuniae fructos eeaet, id. 

OOndltfo (fteqnentljr written con* 
dido, and errooeoualy derived ftom con* 
dioo), Onia, /. [ocmdo]. lit. a putting 
together, tUnng up: a ttamdina: httKe, 
silMoKon, concnCMn, ranJk, plaoe, cir^ 
atmstances, etc : inllma conditio et for^ 
tnna servoram, Ck. : ftilt intactia qoo- 
que cnra conditioDe super communi, 
toiieitude eonceming thevr common eir- 
OMUtanoes, Hor.: quos postea In pa- 
rem Juris Ubertatisque oooditiottem 
atqne ipd erant reoeperant, into the 
tame conditicn <f rin^ amd freedom, 
Oses. :, harum rarnm eventua, conditio, 
the poesibUity, Clc ||. a condition, 
stipulation, terms, agreement, eompaet, 
proposal, etc. : aUcoi conditionem ferre, 
Pi.: non respuit conditionem, Oaea. : in 
eas oonditiones quum pax conreniret, 
Liv. : ulla condiiione, on any terwu, Cic 
III. morrio^ or matdi, and me- 
lon.: tA« person married : oonditionem 
flliac quoerendam esse, Liv. : flliam ^us 
^Jeoisti, alia oonditione quaesita et ante 
perspecta. Clc 8. In a bad sense : a 
Unter, paramour : id. 

OOndltiOf Onis, /. [condio] a ore' 
serving <f fruits, etc : amurcae. Van*. 
In plur.: Ctc ||. a spieinq, season' 
ing, JIawuring : sud, Varr. In plur. : 
dbonun, Clc 

OOndltor, oris, m. [oondo] a builder, 
founder, nuiker, author, compiler, etc : 
Romanae ards, VIrg.: legum lau»«m 
oondilomnque R(»nani Juris, Liv.: to- 
tins negottC Oc Abed, : T. Sidninm 
oooditorem Velos sequantur, i. e. ««fco 
adrises a removal to Veii, Liv. 

oondltdrluiit i^* m. [conditus^ a 

place uhere anything it laid up, a 
repository: Amm. ||, a coffin, urn 
for ashes, etc : Suet. 

OOndltnit *> nni. Part, roondo]). 

OoaStnSt *« nm. Pari, [condio^. 

n. A d J. : seasoned, sawmry ; con* 

ditlora fkdt haec sopervacanei etiam 

operis aucupiimi atqoe venatio, Clc 

2. Of style : pr^ivked, ornamented: 

oratio lepore et feetivitate oonditior, id. 

OOn^Oi didi, ditum, 3. V. a. to put 
togUher[y. ab-do]; to bmtd, fowuL, 
fashion, produce, etc. : condere osaa, to 
put broken bones together, to set Cets. 
Of dties, etc. : urbero, Cle. : aroea, Virg. : 
Romanam gentem, id. : aram, Liv. Of 
written productions : to compo^. vrite, 
treat <^: carmen, Lncr. : poi$ma, Ctc : 
Coeaans acta, Ov. Gen.: to moire, 
pvodwt^ ateMish : Ju^|arandum, PI. : 

aorea secola, Virg. ||. to jntf oioaib 
to lay up, start, or treasure up, etc: 
pecunlam, Clc: frumeutmn, id.: aO- 
quem In costodlam. Liv. : aliquem in 
carcerem, to im n i ^s e n , Clc: •• (ares) 
in foUia, Vlig. Fig.: incanshcoodltae . 
sunt rea Aitarae, ars conlomcd, Ck. 
m. topreserve, vidde, etc (for eon- 
dlo^ : coma in Uqidda fteoe, Ov. |V. 
to inter, bury: mortnoa cerm drcom- 
Utos, Oic For fUgur conditum, v. ftil-. 
gnr. V. I*ott t. of time : to tee the 
end of, ouUive, pau, tpemd: loogoa 
soles cantando, to tpena the lietliang 
day in tinging, VIrg. : diem ootUbua la 
sute, Hor. VI. ^ emeeal, hide, ss- 
ersfli; tupprett: lumen, Locr.: ocqIos» 
toelose,s4iU, Ov.: inim, Tac : rOamai) 
iK>ta oonduntur in alvo, conceal them' 
seltws.Vlrg. Sfi, V 0^1, : to thrust 
or ttrike in deep, to plunge : enaem in 
pectus, Ov. : ensem In pectore, Vlrg. 

OondM^fioIOt fM. tectum, J. «.«. 
to froin or teoA together (rare): be- 

Oon-d5o8o« cftl, ctum. 1. «. a. to 
CMTcise, ^nain, instruct (rare) : PL. 

eondbotoit *, mn, part, [condoceo}. 
II. Acf^. eomp.: oondoctior aom 
quam tragoedi et oomici, PI. 

oon-dOleBOO. l(U. J. «• «*. Tdoleo] to 
fed ewcettive pain, to n^er muck 
(rare) : ocmdoluisae latus ei dkentl* 
Clc : admonitu matris, Ov. 

law term, not wuiking the adimdicaium 
when it ouf^ to be made : Ck, 

Oon-dflnOi Avi. atum, I. «. a. to 
give at a pretent, to present, deliver «|»: 
ego illam non condonavi, sed sic nten- 
dam dedi, PI. : apolbecaa bominibus 
nequisrimls. Clc ||. to give up, smr* 
render, sacir^^, detofe, orinp at an 
offering: aliquid ditionl, Jodido pobcsta* 
dque alici\)ua permittere et ooodotiara, 
id. : segue vitamque suam reipubttcae, 
^^ ill. ^ forgive, pardon, remit a 
deM, offence, etc : pecnnias creidltas de- 
bitoribua, Clc : uti Jugurthae sceliw 
condonaretur. Sail. Alsu, to pardon 
out of consideration for tome thvrd 
person: constr. : what' is forgiven in 
ace, the third person in dot. : tree fhi- 
tres non solum slM Ipsis, ted etiam 
retpublicae oondonaveria, Clc : prae- 
terita se Dlvitlaco firatri oondonare dldt. 

Oa^- IV. ^^^ <**« <>^ ' ^ preeent 
with, make a pretentq^: si quam (rem) 
debes, te condono, Ft. Pau. impsn. : 
habeo multA quae ouidonaUtar, Ter. 

oon-dormiOt 4* <*• *<• <« f^ 9*^< 
aslMcp (very rare) : Suet. 

eon-aormiMOt i^. i- «'. <fM^. [dor- 

mioj Ui be going ^uiteasle^: Ft. 

eoildfkoildliti «• cufy*- [oondnoo] ad- 
vantageous, profitable, expedient : ooo- 
silltmi ad eam itsm, PL 

OOn-dllCOt xl, ctnm, |. v, a. and n, 

1. Act: to lead, drov, or bring 

together, to attewMe, eoUeet: exerdtnra 

in unum loenm, Caes. : auxilia, liv. 

2. to connect, unite: partes In 

unum, Locr. Fig.: praeposltiQDem H 




MMnpdooan in uniim oouduoere, Clc 
S. t* kire, take on tetue, tn farm 
(comL of loom) : horuim. Id. : nn- 
mat, to terrmr, Hor. : pecuzuaxn, Jur. : 
qii ad ooctdiiocodoa hoiiilne* fooiltatM 
■Mbebanty 0ms. 4. to undertake, 
eaminet for, farm: redempior, qui co- 
'luuMMi flkmdt Gotta ooodaxcratlkd- 
cad«n« Oc: Tcctigalla. to farm, id. 
I. Nentr. : tobetfitte or pro^t- 
iUe, U proiU, aerve, etc (only in the 
Hd pen. suig. and plar.). With in, 
•i, the dat^ or aJbeoL: quod tuatn tn 
rem bene oondncat, PL : «d vttae com- 
■wdhetfm, Oc. : hair aetatl, PL : dabi- 
bvc noQ poeniiiras. qirin e« nuixiroe 
coBdocant, quae aunt rectlaalma* Qc 

COBdnottOf (^(^ /• [oondooo] a 
m m noeti m g (of the tenn« of a qrllo* 
|fm): (AC. II. a hiring, farming, 
^ vucfa nerora, a money payment, 
vaa an caaentlal part: nnidl, Clc: 


J iUrvd, rcMlcd (rare): fltfi- 

daa^ n. : ezodtnc, Nep. 

eOBdaetOTt Ma, m. [eondnoo^ o 
loMc, a /maw , touwl, a confrocCor 
(nR): hIatrloBam, PL : operta, Cic 

eondootlim, i, n. rid.] anftking 
Uv«rf;aaaboii9e.fann,elc.: Cic 

eoadnetBlf ** tnot I'art. [oondnoo]. 
BabtL: oo«uictl,onmi,m.,pl».merce- 
aary aaUtex Nep. 

MB^VpIMtfo. OnK /. [oondnpU- 
•a] a daa Wfi i y (very fare) : bomocir* 
emj, fbr embracing: Vi. 

IvpIIoO* *^ f . v. a. to douUe : 
, Laa>. Homoroaaly: oorpofa, 
tf a lovti^ embrace^ PI. 

MBr^toD* t.v.a.tohardenftomake 

HmtoMi ^ "^ reoodo] one who Uiy$ 
«p (prwWooa) : PL 

MB-IUifilor, atna, I. V. n. and a. «fep. 
totmweru tog^her, diecuu: ad eam 
aeecaMtat corailiixlatmn, Tor. 

MBflurifttlOt <»nla. /. [ooolkrreo] 
•a emaemi, teiemm manner of mctrrjf- 
ing among Ote Bomane, in which paida 
hntm was eaq»lojed . Plin. : v. Smith's 

^tm-ittviOt ^^^ P^" *tmn, t. V. a. 
[IneDa. Dram ttr} to eomneet m mar- 

fiegt fby BaUng as offering of bread, 
▼• omamatlo) Jvery rare) : conCure- 


COB-f&tiliSt ^ o4^* b(>WMi (y tite 
em^fate: rea eoDfiataUs, Clc 

•BB4betXo» «oi8. /• C««?ciol • 
vaUaf , p rtforim g , pro^ieing, com- 

fti^, complying .*> hn|as Ubri, Cic : 
aannn, a ekeicing, w u ^ iea t ing. Id. : 
Ml, Id. : trfbutL L a. an exaetum. id, 
•QBtetori Ma, •». rid.3 a mmW, 
F9«cr. ftiKifter (rare): negotkrom. 
Oe.: toaaebelfl, U. U. a dettroyer. 
eoofecbir et coDaomptor om- 
Id. : feramm, a slajter, SntoU 
a, nm, i'art. [ooafMo'}. 

_, no jHs/., fcrtum, 4. v. a. 

ptMo Jto atKf (tyrMcr, to prt99 doee 
t^ettcr : ooDWlae narcs, LiV 

COn-ftrOt oont&ll, colUUam (conL), 
conferre, |. v. a. to Iriit^ or carry to- 
gether, to coUei^, gather: multa ex 
agris in orbem conferebantar, Caea»: 
et Jam oontuleront areto kictantia nexn 
corpora, Ov. Fig. : conaalM, velnt de- 
libcrabondi, cradta oonferunt, din oollo* 
qmmtur, lay Uieir head* togetker, eon- 
tuU, LIT. : oonferre exempium, to ad' 
dnee, Ter. ||. to eoUecC (money, 
treaeuret, etc), to Iring (offeringe), 
contribute: oonferre eo minua trlbnti, 
Ut. • flmmentnm. Cam. |||. to bring 
into amnoetion, to imtle, Joiik, connect : 
ooofenre vires In nnnm, Llv. : oonferre 
pedem. to go or come with one, PL : 
jnvat conf^m grodum, to acoo8i|XHiy, 
Vlrg. IV. to oonMtit together, eon- 
far, consider, or talk over together: ai 
quid rea ferat, coram inter noa oonfere- 
mna, Cic: ti^Jiuiaa, to deliberate to- 
gether concerning, Tac V. >< Uit. 1 1. 
(with arma, rigna, castra, etc.) to »et' 
together. Join battle, engage^ diorge: 
Qalll com Fonteio ferrura ar, manus 
oontulerunt, Clc : signacamAlexaudrl- 
nia. Id. : pedem com pede, to Jiglu foot 
to foot, Ut. Poet.: certamina pugnae 
mann, Lncr. AheeLi mecom confer, 
alt. /pM tctfA me, Ot. Fig.:noDpoa- 
som magis pedem oonDirre, nt atnnt, 
ant proplns accedere, Clc Poet.: 
lites, to contend, Hor. Vl> to bring 
iogdher for comparitony to compare. 
Conatr. : wltti eum, inter with pron. 
r^/Uet., the dot., or abtol.: conferte 
banc paoem cum 11 lo bello, Cic : vitam 
inter ae utrinsqne oonferte, id. : panra 
roagnis, Id. : nee qnisquam Romanae 
Juventntis alia arte oonferri potnit, Liv. 
yn. to carry over, tranter, trans-' 
po$e: (fictator ^pia in laevum oomn 
confert, id. : totam Academism ex duo- 
bus librla oontnli in quatnor, Clc 2. 
With pron. rtifieetn iter, etc. : to betake 
onetetf, direct on^s ctmrte, bring or 
cany 9om«MBhere, etc: qui ae suaque 
omnia In oppktnm Bratuapantium oon- 
tnllsaent, Caea. : iter Brorausium versus, 
Clc Poet.: to cAan^ into, trame- 
form to: aliquem in aaxnm, Ot. 8. 
Fig.: verba ad rem, to pau from 
ytord* to deed*, Ter. : quo mortuo, roe 
ad puntifloem ScaeTolam oontnli. became 
hit diedple, Clc: ae ad atndium acrl- 
bendl, id. y|||. to a|»Iy to mme 
purpoee, to confer, bestow, devote to, etc 
Wltn ad or M»: omnea curaa eogita- 
tlonesqne in TempabUcam, Id.: ooram 
rctititiiendl Capltolil in L. Vestlnum 
oonfert, auigno to, bargee vsUh, Tac 
IX. (0 a/<rt6uto, impiute, oMcribe 
to, lag to the dkarge of, etc : perronlta 
In Plandnm, quae ab eo nunquam dicta 
aunt, conferantur, Ck. : ^Jos rei oulpam 
In multltadlDem ooot^mnt, Caes. 
X. to P^t off, difer, delay, reoerve 
(rare): omnia in mensem Martlom, Cic 

OOnf Ortilllf adv. in a compact body, 
cloaety (rare): co nfe r tl m pugnant et 
oedunt, LIt. 

OOOfBltnSt ** ™n. Part, [oonferdol. 
ItAdJ.: jTreRMd dote, crowded, 

thick, dente (opp. to rams): ooropleta 
et conferta rint (mmia. Clc: ut nun- 
quam oonferti. sed rari magniisque iu- 
tervaUis proeliarentur, tiecer in dote 
bodiet, but in toattered partiet, Cses. 
Ctfmp.: ccmfertiores xietarant, Uv. 
Sup. : confertisslma ade. Caaa. 8. 
With obL t tttigred, ftUed fuU : otiosa 
Tita, plena et oonferta Toluptatlbus, Cte. 
oonforve-fiolo* |. «. a. [conferveoj 
to make glowing or melting i Locr. 

eonferroioo. ferbui, 3. «.n. [id.] 

to begin to boil,growhot: aVr conclusua 
Tersando confenresdt, Vltr. Fig.: mea 
qunm conferlrait Ira, Hor. 

OOnfBtdOf bt^f. [oonfiteor] a con- 
fession, aeknowledgwunt : errati sut, 
Cic: cnlpae, LIt.: ea erat confeaaio 
caput rerum Romam esae, id. 

eonfiSffliiSi •« um* P<irt. [oonflteor] 
.also, In paaa. signif., oeibtoioieetoied : 
hence, ||. Adj. : iindoiibtod» evident, 
certain, inean tr overt ib le : ros manifesta, 
confesMa, Cic Hence the phraae, ex 
confesao, oafi/ewecUy, beyond dowM, 

OOn-fiMtilllt <>dv. tmmedioto^, tpeed- 
ily, without delay: cohortea confeatim 
ae snbaequi Jubet, Oaea. [Probably 
finom confestna, an obsolete partidple of 
oonfero: cf. infestus.] 

OOnfldenSt entls. Part, [confldol. 

II. Adj.: effecting, causing, e^- 

dmt (rue): caiiaae, uc: dvttaa con> 

fidentlssima literamm, thai moti core* 

fuO/y notes. Id. 

'eOBfloIo. f Bd, fectum, 1. «. a. (,perf, 
tulff. oonfexim, PL : pMS. form freq. 
from oonfleri, as well as the regular 
form oonflciur : oooflt, PI. : con^ret, 
Uv. : confleri. Locr.) [fedo] to make 
completdy, get ready, prepare, bring 
alM»U, acoompUsh, complete, fni^: 
oonflcere annlum, pallium, soccos sua 
manu, Clc: dcntes intimi escas con> 
fidnnt, id. : tabulae Uteris Grsods con- 
fectae, drau-n up, Caes, : libros Graeoo 
sennone,'to compute, writ^, Ncp. : nnp- 
tias, Ter.: quum confodsset magnam 
multltndlnem (serpentlnm), had col- 
leeted, Nep. : coofioere centurlas, to se- 
eure their votet, Cic : hortoe mihi, pro* 
cure for me. Id. : bellim, Osra. : tantum 
fadnns, Cic jlbsol.: tn cum Apella 
Chio conflce de ooliwmis, arranpe, settle, 
id. II. to produce, cause, wuike, effect': 
animum audltorls mltem et miscricor* 
dem, id. |||. Of time: to complete, 
Jlnish, end, spend, pau: quum sexa- 
ginta annoa oonfecerit, id.: diem, PL 
ly. In i^dloa. pass, : to fdlow 
logically, to be deduced : qunm kl per> 
spicnum sit, qood conftdatur ex rstiu- 
dnatione, Clc y. to tf«e np. work 
up, wear out, lessen, weaken, eonsumtt 
destroy, kill : oonfectns senectnte, id. : 
aetate. Sail.: mulUs gravibusque tuI- 
nerlbiis. Cses. Absol. : ut fesaos am- 
fectosqne aggredlantur, Liv. : confectua 
et aaudus, Clc: me (slca Ilia) pene 
oonfedt. kiOed, id. : Callgulam vulueri- 
bus triglnta. Suet. Fig. : conficerc ali- 
quem verbis, PL 





multifl difflcoltatibns. Uv. Wltboat 
abl. : il («c. miUtcs) Untum confUcUti 
lontfTac. Abo, Act (rare) : to karats, 
etc.: qaiplurapertoderarempobUam 
oooflkutviisiet, fcL 

OOnflietni* &>* *"• D<L.l o ttrikitia 
together (nre^ and mMtly in tb^ tUJ. 
»ing.^ : oonfllcia atque tiita lapidum 
ellci ignem, Qc. 

eon-fllgOi 3d, ctmn. j. «. a. snd n. 

I. Act. (very rare): to fling «o- 
gether, throw or dcuA ajjfoteit, m«^ 
taoetAer, unite : corpwa conflicta. Locr. 
Fig.: to compare: fiictiixn advermrii 
cum scripto. CIc ||. Neutr. : to 
be daihed or ttruck together^ to strive, 
struggle, Jfght, combat : with cum, em- 
tra, adversut, inter and pnrn, refltct^ 
or abacL : «quit«a hoatinm proelio com 
fqnitatn noatro to itinere oonflixemnt, 
Caea.: oontra oonspiFattooem boatitim, 
BratoslnCic.: adversus claasem. Xep. : 
iiaves toter ae ooufllxonint. Goes.: ar- 
mla, etc Fig. : leviore acttone oon- 
fligpre, id. Of inanimate and abstract 
things : fore ati pars cum dvltatis part* 
confllgat, Gaea.: adveni vent! ooofli- 
gont, Vlrg. Tmpers. pats. : anam tai 
loco aeqtio atqne aperto oonfligeretnr. 

Oon-flo* (i^» atum« r. V. a. to Horn 
together, to blow up, kindle, light, etc : 
incendium, Ltv. I|. M e ton. : to wteit, 
/tue, melt down : nmnlacra ex argento 
et anro labricata, Snet, : falcea in enscm, 
Virg. Fig.: consensus conn)ir«na et 
pene oonfUtua, almost united, Qc IH. 
Fig. of the passions, etc: to kimaX^ 
ii\fla9te : connatus amoro iniia. Locr. : 
conjuratlonem. Suet. 2. ui grn. : to 
bring about, effect, accow^pUsh, get to> 
gether, give rise to, forge^ pnduce : 
quibua ex rebus connatur et effldcvr 
M, qood quaerlmus. bonestum, Cic : aca 
allenum grande, Sail. : alicni pericalmn, 
etc. (Hence Ital. gonAare; Fr. pon- 

WnilTlfnfi cntia. Part, [coottooy 

II. Adj.: JUneing into: a conflo- 
enie Kbodano castra movi, from the 
confluence of the Rhone (with the 
Arar). LepMus to Cic HI. Subsu: 
confluens, entis, or conflnentea, itim, m. 
the meeting of rivers, tke confltiemee: 
quum ad oonmientem Moaae et Rbeni 
perveniasent, Cacs. : ubl Anienon irmn- 
siit od Gonfluentes, oollouat castta* at 
the confluence of the Anio u^th the 
Tiber, tdv. (Henoe, Confluttntea, Oi6- 

an-fliio* xi, J. V. ». (confluzetsa 
uxiaset, I^ucr.) to flow or run to- 
gether: Hbrenus dlvbus aequ«lit9 to 
duas partes dto to unum cimflnit, Cte. 
n. Fig. : to flock or crowd together, 
to come together in multitudes : perfUga- 
rum magnus ad eum qnotkUe numems 
oonfluebat, Caea. Meton. : ad ipsois 
laoa, bonos, dignitas couflnit. CSc 

eon-IUIO* fO^U foasum, |. r. a. to 
dig up, dig round abotU : ooofodisiUir 
muinte terra, CMo. ||. to pierce, stab, 
troK^x : oooatituere de improvi«> dtoaaX 

eonlletiOi Onia,/. [conflngo^ ^^ ^ 
venting, fabricating : .criminis. Cic 

ly^fc itna. a, nm. Part, rconflnoo^. 

eonfUinifi entis. Part, rconfidol. 
II. A d J. : bold, daring, undaunted: 
decet iunooentem servum atque innoxi- 
um confldentem eaae, PI.. In a bad 
sense : shameless, audacious, impudent : 
parasitns quidam boroo confidens, Ter. 
Sup. : Juvenum conflde n tissime, Vlig. 

OonndontaTf o*^^' boldly, con^^dent' 
ljf,fearle$sljf, impudentljf, audaciously : 
confldenter bomlnem contra colloqui, 
PI. Comp. : confldentius diccre. Cic 

OOnfldentla* •«./. rconiidens]^rm 
tnat, coyi/ldefioe : scapolarum, PI. ||. 
self-confidence, boldneu : duas sibi res, 
quomtous to vulgus et to ton dioeret, 
confldentiam et vocem, defUsse, Cic 
In a bad sense : audacUy, impudence : 
coofldentia et temeritas tua, id. 

oonfldentiadqaiif* «. um. ad^- [coo- 

fkiens loqnorj speaking confideHtty or 
audaciously: PI. 

OOn-fIdo> nsus sum, |. v. n, iperf, 
conflderunt. Liv.) to trust to, confide 
in, relyflrmly upon, believe, be cusuired : 
coustr. with abl^ ace. and ui\f., or 
dot.: rarely oAaci. : aut corporis firmi- 
tate ant fortunae stablUtate oonfldcre. 
Cic: confldo ilium fore in officio, id.: 
virtuti militum, Caex. : suis militibus, 
Liv. : extemls auxiUls de salute urbis 
cunOdere, Caea. : nbi legati satis ooufl- 
dunt, Sail. 

0011-ngOt ^t flxmn, i.v.a. to flx, 
•^sten, or join together (rare) : transtra 
elavis ferrels, Caos. ||. to pierce 
throu^ to transflm: flllos suos sagit* 
tis, Cic Proverb.: comicum oculos 
conflgere, ▼. comix. Fig.: memine- 
rant, ^Jus senteutiis conttxum Anto- 
nium, rendered intutive, Cic 

eon-flnJKOt flnxi, fictum, |. V. a. to 

form, fashion, fabricale : nidos, Plin. 

II, Fig.: to t'ftven^, devise, feign^ 

pretend : aUquid criminto. Cic : crimen, 


eon-f&lilf *t o^. bordering on, ad- 
joining, contiguous : in conflnem agrum, 
Liv. : cooflnes crant hi Senonibus. Caea. 
II. Fig.: nearly related, nearly 
alike, siwMar: studio conflnia carmina 
vcstro, Ov. [con and finis: of. exaan- 

iMwf TfiTwiw, ii, ff . rcoaflnia]) a bound' 
ary, Umit, border (o? lands; but vici- 
uHas, of huuses) : vidnitatibus at con- 
flniis aeqiram, Cic Meton.: neigh- 
bourhooa, nearness, dose conntction: 
Buperdlii conflnia, Ov.: Aurora tenet 
conflnia luda et noctla, id. 

OOnflOt ^> ^' oonfldo, inU. 

OtmSnn&tlOt Onis, /. roonflTmo3 a 
securing, esUMishing^ connrming: per- 
petuae libertatis, Cic {f, encourage" 
ment, consolation : antmi, Caes, |||. 
a conflrming, verifying, assertion, etc : 
perf^gae. id. jy. 1^ riiotoric: on 
adducing of pro^s : Cic. 

oonflnn&tort fi^ «»• [t<L] he toko 

con^rmi or establishes: pecuniae, a 
surety, security, Cic 

oonflnn&tas* (W ™n. Part, [con- 
flrmo]). II. Adj.: courageous, reso- 
lute: conflrmatiorem exerdtum efllcere, 
Caea. 8. certain, proved, credible: 
quod eo oonlBrmatius erit, Cic. 

eon-fimiltaf, aii«. /• flrmness; to 
a bad sense, obstinacy : PI. 

OOn-fiimOi ftvi, atum, i. v. a. to 
mcUce firm, establish, strengthen, con- 
firm: ali hoc vires nervosque oonflrmari 
putant, Caea.: se conflrmore, to groic 
urll, recover strength, Cic : pacero et 
amidtiam cum prosdmls dvitatibus, 
Caes. I|. Of the mtod : to strengthen, 
make bold, encourage, inspirit: ani- 
mum. Cic. : suos ad dimicanduro animo, 
Coes. : nunc erige te et oonflrma, toJIre 
courage, Cic: eos multa poUioendo 
confirmat, uti Romam percerent, em- 
boldens, SalU III. to render a dispo- 
sition or feelings steady, to confirm in 
(rare): bomibes, (}aea. |V. ^ c<>"* 
firm a fact, corroborate an assertion, 
to prove, demonstrate, etc : quorum 
omnium testimoniis de hac Dionis pe- 
cunia conflrmatum est, Cic V. Id 
gen.: to assert, affirm, protest posi- 
tively: talem exdstpre eloqueutiam uon 
potuisae oonflrmo, id. : illud se pollioeri 
ct Jun^rando conflrmare, tntum iter 
per fln<*s suos daturum, Caes. 

OOnfllO&tlOt Onis, /. [oonflsoo]) o 
forfeiting, confiscation : regis, Flor. 

OonflflCOt Qo P^'t fttum, I. V. a. 
rflscusjto lay up in a chest : summam. 
SueL II. to seise upon for the public 
treasury, to confiscate: alienlasimos 
hereditatea, id. Meton.: to deprive a 
person of his property in this way: 
devictls his et conflacatis, id. 

Confl^tof Onis,/. rponfldol eof|^«fenee, 
assurance : conflaio Anna antmi (est fl- 
dentia). Cic 

oonntllf » *• tun. Part, foonfldo^. 

OOnntiori fessus. i. «. aep. [lateor^ 
to acknowledge, confess, own, avow, 
concede, grant: oonflteor et genus et 
divitlaa meaa, PI.: peocatum sutm, 
Cic : se vlctoe, Oses. : de malefldo con- 
flteri, Cic |L to rereal, manifest, 
make known, show: oonfessa vultibna 
inun. Or.: alma parens, confieaaa deam, 

OOnflxnSf ** tun, Part, [oonflgo]. 

OOn-flagrOi (^^ atum, i. v. n. (rare), 
to be in a Mase : toipedimenta confla- 
grare totelligerpnt, Caes. Fig.: an te 
non exiattaias tovidiae tooendio confla- 
gratunmi ? Cic : amoris flamma, Uv. 

OOnflietitOf OnlSf /• [oonfligu] a strik- 
ing together, a collision : (^dnt. ||. a 
contest, conflict : Cic 

ognniotOi *▼(• atum, i. v. a. frtq^ 
[id.j lit, to nrike together fremmUly or 
violently: henoe, fig. 1. Ueflect.: 
to fight with, contend or struggle with 
(rare): qui cum ingeniia coniUctatur 
^Jnamodl, Ter. Also Act.: ct conflio- 
taresmalo,id. ||. Pass.: with aU.; to 
be severely tomt^ted, veaoed, harassed, 
oMicted, ruined, etc : nos duriore 
(fortuna) oonflictati videmur, C^ : mag- 
na iD<^ nevaasariamm rerum, Cava. : 




mae (dcpTODcin) confodere, itoll. Flc.: 
lui JoAdb coofoegnt^ ihoroug/Uv rid^ 

C Onft i r mitlOt Onte, /. r oooformo] a 
fnimg or /fuAtontn^, Ma^, /oi-wt : 
UDNUuentomm. Ctc. : ounfonnatio qoae- 
dm ei teim toUiu oris et corporis, id. 
n. MetoD. : vocis, exprtttiun of 
ftke, id. : Terixmim, arranffement, Id. : 
c e u l iwBia tio et moderaUo ctmtinentUie et 
temperantlae, etmfomuUioft, id. : animl, 
I9. Dotio, <m ufiao, noHm, comeption, 
id. m.lxiriietoric:a^yitrc^tpeecA, 

COD^ConnOt ^^^ Alum* i. v. a. to 
clape, fcrm^ /addon, put together , 
mtJot: A nuiidoin aedificatum esse, 
ncQ a Datura coufoimatum patarem, 
Ck. Fig. : morea, id. : vox hidus hor- 
utta praKcpciaque oonforniata, id. 

eoolbwilti ^ um. Part. TconfiDdio] 
Inrtitkrmu^tperforiUed: PL 

ccn A a c raii ■« um, i'ort. ^ooo- 

Wlh-frftl6f1IS. A, tmi, 04;. broXam, 
rM^fc, mnevtm : ardua et aspen et con- 
frigoaa via, Ut. Fig.: confragocae 
oaditloQes, kar± diffieultt PL [con 
atd irxA« root of naogo.] 

WifttbDOt ^* 1- *• "• ^ '^'t*'' <^t 
•amrf aUmd, rttound, etc. (poet and 
ntr): ooaft«ranerc omnes, Ov. 

eoa-frioo* A^ atmn, i. v. a. to nib 
«p and down, to rub in : fadem sibl, 
aoeu : genua, L e. to touch the knee* in 
mmat entreaty, PI. 

mh-fringOf M^ fractum. |. v. a. 
(Aaoipj to break tn yiece$ : pultando 
peittbu pene conft«gl basce anit)as 
(fcres), ri: digitus, Cic Proverb.: 
to break friendAip, violate 

foUh, Pt U. Fig. : to break down, 
brii^ to namffht, de^rojf : naturae por* 
tsmm c\Mmtrm, to break throuffh, Lucr.: 
rm, to d£stip<Ue, run throuf^ pro- 
J«w<f. PI. 

Cnt4tAit f^^i- *'*i' ^Jf^ to for 
r^iye orteip, hate recoutu to: ad me 
node prima domum confUgit, Ter. : in 
nares^OKS.: in aram, Cic. Fig.: ad 
frtcotes Etnuoorum opes, Liv. : ad 
Btam fldcm, Cic : babebom quo con- 
ftverim, ttM cooquiescerem, id. 

MOf ft^im, U, n. [eonfugio] a place 
of Tffmge, a r^uge, Mheiter (poet and 
nn): Ov. 

•on-ftlUpiOt $hine brightly, 
U gutter (nn): PL 

Ooa-fimdOt tadi, f Osum, j. v. a. to 
pom, minf^ or mix together: una 
BQtttJnraoooftmdere, PL: arrati ramo 
omfM cooftidit, Ov. : Alpbeus Siculis 
esnfiuiditnr nndJa, mingles, Virg. 2. 
to j«wr out or tiUo : cUms in earn ve- 
naa tpue cava appellatur, confunditur, 
Cir. 0. Fig. : to mingle, unite, join, 
Ombine (rare) : vera cum fklsis, id. : 
n*'iam ortaoo ooofbsoa, Hor. 2. to 
eoH/omnd, cortfu$e, throw into disorder : 
ooBCS cuqMTia aique auiml sensua, 
Lacr. : ricaa ei oidinca peditum atque 
cqaiUBi, Ltv. : fbedua, (o viv/ole, Virg. : 
topfriitm, proniiua, precea cooAuidit 

in unnm, mingles together, Ov. 3. 
to disturb, diuxmcert, beicilder: audi- 
entium animos, Liv. 4. to dij^se 
or spread over (rare): coufimdere in 
totam orotioncm, Cic 

COCftLiSi ttdv. oonfuMdly, without 
order: conmae et permiste di^)ergere 
aliquid,Cic (\mip.: Id, 

ponf fbd^f Ouia,^. [conftmdoj] a min- 
gling, mixing, wiiting,eombintng^\eTy 
rare): ooi\)unctlo conlusioque vlrtutuui, 
^^ II. confusion, disorder, trouble, 
distress: temporum, id.: causam con- 
fusionis quaerenti, Tac ||l, confiisio 
oris, a rnUening, blushing, id. 

OonfAiroSi *> tun. Part, [conftmdo] 
II. A(j{j. : confused, perptaed, dis- 
orderly : oratio, Cic : verba, Ov. : con- 
fttsisaimus mos, Suet.: memoria, Liv. 
With <M. : moerorc, id. : ex reccnti 
morsu animi, Id. 

OOnltltOf *vi, atom, 1. v. a. lit. to 
prevent uater from boiling over by 
pouring in cold water with a ladle. 
Hence ||, Fig.: to dieek, repress, 
diminiA : maximos dolores Inventorum 
suorum memoria et recordatione, Cic. 
2. £sp> to put down by words, to 
put to sUence, confute : ego Istos, qui 
nunc me culpant, conftitaverim, PL : 
argumcnta Stoicorum, Cic [t'on-futo 
and re-futo are connected witn futis, a 
" water-vessel," and/tcndo ; the simple 
verb futo Is not found.] 

OOn^gflOf A^ atum, i. v. a. and n. 
I. Act.: to cawe to freexe up, to 
congeal : mare congelatiun, the frozen 
«ea, Yarr. Metou. : to thicken, make 
hard .* lac, to curdle. Col. : in lapidera 
rictus serpentls, Ov. ||. Neutr. : to 
freexe up : Ister congelat, id. M e t on. : 
togrowhard: lingua, id. Fig.: gaude- 
bom sane et congelasse nostrum ami- 
cum laetabar otio, had become frozen, 
i. e. wholly inactive, Cic. 

OOngSmln&tito* Onis,/. [oongemino^ 
a dffuJUing ; lacetiously for embiacing : 

oon-siiiiXnOt ft^* atum, x. «. a. 
to dowle, r^oubU (poet.) : nunc si 
pateram patera peperit, omnes conge- 
mlnavimus, i. e. hart produced our like, 
doubled ourselves, PL: ictus crcbros 
ensibus, Virg. 

OOn-gtalOi lii. J. V. n. and a. |. 
Neutr.: to sigh or yroan deeply or 
loudly (rare) : congemuit senatus fre- 
quena, Cic Poet, of a felled tree: 
supremum congemuit, Virg. ||. A c u : 
to deplore, lament, bewail: mortem, 

OonSeTi gri, i^^yiyypot,a sea-eel, 
conger-eel: probus hio conger frigidus, 

OOn^irlMt «>. /• [congerol lit that 
which u brought together: a heap, pile, 
m<us: summa congeries silvae, Ov. : 
armorum, Tau M>iol. : dispositam cou- 
geriem sc«uit, Ov. Esp. a heap qf wood, 
wood-pile, funeral-pile: id. 

eon-gfirOt K^si, gestum, 3.v,a, to 
bear, carry, or bring together, to collect, 
prei-are, buHd, heap up, etc Cons tr. : 

the direct object in ace, the indirect in 
dat^ or tn >%iih ace. : undique saccos, 
Hor. : epulas alicui, PL : viaticum, Cic 
Poet: aram scnulcri arboribus, to 
erKt, construct, Virg.: oppida manu, 
L e. to build, id. : luwce berbas in snam 
alvom congcrunt, PL : grana tritici 
Midae dormienti in o«, ac ||. F i g. : 
to bring, take, or comprise together, 
compile: operarios omnes, Cic: dicta. 
Quint 2. to accumulate, heap upon, 
ascribe to, impute, attribute to, as a 
crime: ingentia beneficia in aliquem, 
Liv. : conffcstoa Juveni oonsulatus, tri* 
umpbos, lac: quae (crimina) poatea 
smit in eum congesta, Cic. 

C0n-g8r0i Quia, m. a thief: PI. 

oon-gerro> Onis, m. a jMy oom- 
panion, a play-fellow : PL 
^ 00]lgefti[ti[u8 or ^)iu8f a. um, a^f, 
[congestus, congerol brought together, 
heaped or piled up (rare) : oongesiitius 
agger ex materia, Caes. 

Oongeftttf t ^ ***• Fcongero^ a car- 
rying or bringing t'fgetker, an accumu- 
lating (rare): berbam asperam credo 
(exstitisse) avium oongestu, non bu- 
mano satu, Cic ||. Me ton.: a heap, 
pile, mass : lapidum, Tac. 

OOBgl&liSf <N o4J' [oongtuslAoIdin^ 
a oon^us (very rare) : fidclia, PL 

oon^Uurlnm, ii, n. («c. vas) a 
vessel that holds a congius : PauL ||. 
(se. donum) a gift to the people, each 
xndividual receiving a congius: Liv. 
Meton. : a largess in money divided 
among the soldwrs : Cic. : among the 
people : conglaria populo frequenter 
dedit, scd diversae fere summae. Suet : 
or among private friends : Coel. in Cic. 
(v. Smith's Ant 111) : in buuc maxiroe 
quod mnlta conglaria babucrat, fkvor 
popuU ae indinabat, because he had 
made mary distrWutUms, Liv. 

OOnglllSt ii* *n. a Raman measure 
qf capacity, containing the eighth part 
of an ampbora, 6 sextarii: Liv.: v. 
Smith's Ant lu. 

COn-cl&^Of no perf., atum, i. r. fi. 
(rare). I, Neutr.: to turn entirely 
to ice, tofreese up: aqua congladaret 
frigoribus, Cic Fig.: Curioni nustro 
tribunatas conglaciat, passes inactively, 
Coel. in Cic. 

eon-glisOOi I> ^•*t- to grow up: PL 

e0ZLgl6b&aO. Onis,/. [conglobo] a 
heaping, geUhering, or crouding to- 
gether {nn): Tac 

OOH-^SdOi &vi, atum, I. V. a. to 
gather into a bcUl, to make round like a 
ball, to make spherical, to conglobate : 
mare medium locum expetens congio- 
batur undique aequabiUter, Cic. : figura, 
id. II. In gen.: to press or croud 
together : ntl quosque fors couglobave- 
rat, Sail. : se in templo,Tac. Fig. : dc- 
flnitiones conglobatae, heaped together, 

OOn-gldm^, no perf., atum, 1. 
V. a. (rare), to roM together, uind up, 
conglomerate: quamque loco se conti- 
oeat parvo, si possit conglomcrari. Lucr. 

oondfktan&tlo, ooi«i/« [ooogiutiDo] 





(ran), a gluing or cemtntittg together : 
recenSiCIc Fi^ : a joining together: 
verhmun, id. 

OOll-lAfktIllO* f^J^ atom, i. v. a. to 
glue^ ceMnent, or join togetker: &vot 
extremos inter ae. Van*. ||, Fig. - to 
join, unite Jirml)/ togetker^ to trimd 
doiely, cement: bominem eadem, op> 
time quae oon^ntinavit, natara dia- 
•oMt, Cic. : meretridoa amoret napiiia, 
Ter. 2. to invent, devitet contrive : 
coaglntlna, at aeoem hodle doctum 
docte ftillas. PL 

OongTMOO, I. «. a. [graeoor, ari] 
to laviMk on bamqueti Woe the Oreekt, to 
iqnander in luxurg: anrum, PU 

eon-n&tUorf i. »• «kp. to witkjojf 

repeatealg or warmly, to congratulate 
(rare) : coDgratalaiitur libertatem ood- 
oordlamone dvltati reatitatam, Liv. 

oancradlor. gre«aa. j. v. dep. [gra- 
dior J to po or move togetker » to meet : 
Gonitr. with Tarioaa prepe^ the ace^ 
dat^ or abeol.: lana torn ooDgrediena 
cam sole, torn digrediena, Cic ||. to 
vxiik witk, con v er t e witk, tpeak to, ad- 
dreu, aooottt meet witk: nanc banc 
haod ado an ooUoquar : ooogrediar, PL : 
•t Ipee oonun oongredi poterie, Cic 
III. to JIght, ooiUeMi, engage^ etc: 
com bosttbm, PI. : contra ipsom Caeaa- 
rem est congressos armatus. Cic: In- 
felix poer atque impar congressos 
Achilll. Viig. 2. Fig.: of forensic 
Btrife.ete.: tecum loctari et oongredl.Cic 

OOnsrtg&bnis. e, a4j. rcoogrego] 
oaeUiflrought togetker, $ocial: examiua 

OongrMtlo, «nls, /. [id.] a nock- 
ing orkerding togetker, an at$embiing; 
union, ioeietjf, ateociation : nos ad con- 
Janctiooem congregationemqae homl- 
nam esse natos, Cic 

COn-fPnfigOf *'^» fttom, i.v.a. to col' 
lect imo a fiock or herd, to a$$embU 
(rare): aphnn examina oongregantor, 
ooUeet in twarmi, Cic ||, In gen. : 
to collect, to tinite: dlspersos homines 
in onom locom, kL : se cam aequali- 
bos, id. 

OOngTMdo, finta, /. [oongredior] a 
coming togetker, a meeting, a visit, con- 
vertatien, intercoune: qnom congressio 
tom vero dI|rressio nostra, Cic In 
plur. : familiaram, id. ||. a kottile 
meeting, an attack, contest : Jost. 

eonnosfiuit a. um, l*art. [eon- 

OOngrMflU. tt*. *. [M.] « friendly 
meting, coi^erence, convereation, etc : 
omnes aditum, sennonexn. coogreasum 
taam ftigiunt, Cic In plur. : id. Of 
animals : id. ||. a date union, com- 
bination (verj rare) : material. Lacr. 
III. a koiiHe encounter, a contest, 
Jigkt : nostri in priroo oongressu drdter 
icptnaginta ceciderunU Cars. 

OOngrtUinit entis. Part, [oongnio^. 
|l. Adj.: agrteing, Jit,appmpriaJte, 
%uiiaMe,congruous. With cum, tile do/., 
or absol.: vita com dlsdpUna, Cic: 
congmens actio menti, id. : oratio verbis 
discrepAns, sententUs oongruens, M. 

n. coMislai^. symmeMooI, ac" 
cordant, harmonious: ceteris qooqae 
membris aeqoaiis et congmens, Suet. : 
ooogmeus clamor, Liv. 

eongrftenter, <uiv, agreeaUy, ^ay, 
etc (rare): cangrnenter natttraa coo- 
venienterque vivere, Cfc. 

OOngrftentla. •«./• [congruo] agree- 
ment, haimeny, Jitmsss, symmetry 
(rare)r moram,Saet. 

oongrfto* &i> i* *• !•• (^/* oon- 
grofire, Ter.X to run, eome, or meet 
togetker, to coincide: at qoarto et v1- 
goimo anoo ad metam candem soils, 
imde orsi essent, dies oongruerent, Uv. 
H. Fig.: to be suited or Jitted to, 
to agree witk, to correspond, etc : 
constr. with cmm, inter and |>roN. 
fX/keC the dtU., or absoL: lUa si vehe- 
menter veils oongroere et cobaervre 
cam causa. Cic: corporis tonperatlo, 
quum ea congruont inter se, e qulbus 
oonstamus. santtaa dldtor, kL: obi 
reqwQsa barus|4cum Insidenti Jam ani- 
mo tadtae rellgionl congrnerunt, Liv. : 
adversus Ijatinos pognandum erat. lin- 
gua, moribtts. congruentea, id. 8. to 
agree (in feeling or opinion) : III! Inter 
se oongruimt onooorditer. PI : de re una 
solum dissident, de ceteris mlrlfioe cmi- 
gruunt, Cic 8. to coincide (in time) : 
suos dies mensesque congroere vc4unt 
cum soils lunaeque ratlooe. Id. : forte 
congruerat, ut ClodU Maori et Fontei 
Capitonis caedes nontiarentur, it kap- 
pened at tke sante time, Tac [Con' 
^Mo as probably con and ruo, the ori- 
ginal fonn of ruo being gruo, and the 
mltial guttaral dropt, as In tiosoo, co- 

oonmni, *. ««. «^*- [coDgroo] 

agreeing. Jit, suitat>U: harmonious, 
concordant: sermo cum flla, PL: ora 
vacent epalis, allmentaque congrua 
carpant, Ov. 

0SnIfer» Sra, Srum, lub'.foonus ff^ro^ 
bearingfruit of a conicai form : cypa- 
TissL vlrg. 

eonirs, ▼. coeo. 

eonieettOf ooiBt /• C*^*"^^®] ('*'*) 

a hurUng, throwing : telorum, (3c 
II. a putting together, comparing : 
annonae et aestlmatJonis, Id. |||. an 
inference, conjecture, iiUerpreUition : 
somnloram, id. 

ogzUeotOf ft^ atom, i. v. a. frtq. 
[Id. J to throw, bring, or bear together : 
Gell. |l. Fig.: to put together or 
turn over xn the mind, to conjecture, 
guess. With ace. : neque sdo quid dl< 
cam aut qnid conjectem, Ter. : oo^ieo> 
tando rem vetustate obrutam. by offer' 
ing conjectures about, Liv. : animoe mi- 
litary altlos. Tac. With de : nlhU de 
aetate Oalbae, Suet With a reiat. 
dauee: si ez eo qnid aentlant ooqjec- 
tandum sit, Liv. I||, to condude 
from signs or oment, to a*^fur, inter- 
pret, prophesy: nemlae perltorum allter 
ooi\jQCtante, Saet. 

oonieotor, Ms, m. [id.l he uko 
interprets or divines, an interpreter: 
coi^tore Oedipo oratloni opus est, PI. 

oonjeetriz, ids. /. nd.3 she «*« 

interprets dreams, afetnale soolksayir: 

OOnJeetflra, ae./. rid.] lit. a put- 
ting togetker (of various apparently 
aooonnected drcumstaaowX o cmi> 
jecture, gueu : mnlta oonoommt simil, 
qui coqjectarun banc nimc tbdk>, Ter. : 
capere, Cte. ||. a divinping, an in- 
terpreting fl/ dreams, sooAsaying, pre^ 
pkesying: Ov. 

OOnJMtfllililt «> o4j. [coqjectaia] 
belongwg to cotyecture, or gmtssimg, 
coi\)ectural : causa, Cic 

OonJeotnS* «. um, iMrt. rootgido]. 

OOnJeetUft Oa» m. [coi\Pciol (rare) 
a tkroicing togetker : li^ifaittm. Cic : ve- 
nire ad tell cooiectam, to corns witkin 
weaponf tkrow, Liv. 2. o crswdwy, 
eonneding, or uniting togetker: mate- 
rial, lAicr. 8. a casting or direct^ 
towards: ocaloram In me, Cic Fig.: 
oo^Jectus animonnn in me, id. ^ 
Meton. : a cor\fium, concourse, cmi- 
Jluenos : a heap, crowd, pile : con^ectss 
elementorum conflaH, Lucr. 

1>^ff«*TA (in many M SS. alao oooSdo. 
and even ooido), jSd, jectum. 1. v. a. 
[Jado] to tkrow or bring tyetker, to 
unite: saidnas fai medium, Uv. 2. 
to tkrow witk force, hurl ; to urge, drwe: 
to tkrow down, kurry along : with in 
and ace. ; tela In noetros,Gaea.: aUqaem 
In caroerem, Cic: in vincula, Caes.: 
hostem In fti^gam. kL : coltroa In guttoim 
veneris atri, to Arust isito, Ov. : se In 
f^igam,Cic: se In pedea, to loJbt to oiw^s 
heels,Ter. ^bioL (mostly poet.): llabn 
AquUonom nuUla ooivfldunt, Loor. : 
jaculum, Vlrg. With in and aU^ or 
inter : femun in guttnre, Ov. : Jacalam 
inter Uta, fcl. N. Fig. : to thnm, 
urge, drive^ force, bring, direct, turn, 
etc : with »n and aoe. : aUqimn In mor- 
bom ex aegritudlne, PL : (hosies) hi 
terrorem ac tamultum, Liv.: remp. In 
pertortwtiones, Cic : se mlrtflcsBk In 
latebram, tojlyto (fn dlqiatinK), id. : 
se in noctem, run under cover qfnigkt. 
Id. : se mente ac voluntate in versom, 
to devote oneself to tke art cf poetry, 
id. : tantam peconlam tai pnqjyfara, to 
squamder, kL: nee his tempcnlbw In 
quae testis crimen ooiv)edaset, to wkidk 
he had r^erred tke aeeusoHon, Uv. 
Absd.: oculoe, Glc ^th sub: kl ros 
sub legls superbtsslmae vincula eoofi- 
dtls, Ijv. 2. to conclude, infer, con- 
jecture (me) : dto ooi^)ed, LanuvU te 
ftilste. Cic: de ftituxis, Nep. 8. to 
prophesy, forttdl, divine from omens, 
etc ; to interpret an omen or drram, 
etc : somnlum hulc PL : qol de matre 
•uavianda ex oraculo ApolUnla tsm 
acute araoteque cocdecertt. CSc 

OOnJukiliSf *• o^- Cco^^ui relo^dif 
to momape, cof^npol : amor, Tac 

oonKU&aOf bois, /. [coi\)ugo] a 

combining, a mingling, nUriure : App. 
|l. In rhetoric: tke etymdopcal 
rdanen^ip af words: Cic |||. in 
gramui. : conjugation : Marc Csf* 
(Hence Fr. cof^'u^tson.) ^ 


— Cl^H. , •, a4'. [anjDglimi] ' 

IMI(w(.); fii^dlH,QT. 

—rmi. iHttaa ; flwpont >lq1K ulbut, 
Lb. H. M Wr ^ l ; ■(J4liclr ()jhT. 
■kd) vkUN cgnBDUiiia Rginli iti> 
drO bad): irtiiH aodcua In luio 
cmhmiB at. pmlBB fn lUmK Cki. 

U. Of ulBib; (tquM) •*!• line 
■mi cmdiiaUa Tmio smMH, Vlrg. 

-ir.; vi-i. _^ 

fPfPl liflffti V fOj-i atom. 1, V. a, tv 
j>*a UfiZEfr, (uiU (i>n): Mnldikni, 
MfmwL etc J fimlitiTa v4tIi«. ttymo- 

[cajuDCtu. CVD- 

»».^»i»«ir«. dill*, /. re«i]imi(i1 a 

Jmn^nSlf, fa 

JritmJiktf: pn utmu DKHilliidliis 
•1 iniilneiliiiK, (L IH. In lUka. 

■ — mittiij foTticle, a cB uJ iiiaiiiii ; 


n. la riKiatc: unaiftiH: CIc. 

Tl^-. tmimeeud *E^, jxrlaJH^iif (D^ 
■rnitiv "*'*. «n/''"— aW* to. (It: 
■ntnllB e^ >«lllm. Cic; JuiUili 
blfUiimlH. M. r onJoncU et amvB. 
■(■K [Binl»iill« tswr unnt, iMsiil- 

■vrM: diBB Tin. Till. 4. »>- 

•UA falftm InliMiUt. fittfUr: 
(^ pofto Rib. boo tolnni prrfniu 

"^fPittTff. U. : pnpliiqiiltatltma idbil- 


irc punliqiK, U'.; «UDca plum 
», Vlrf.: vii^n. Id nmlrocl. Clct 

HEWnv bvi*". a ■■ton cofljlnu 
y 0dl4. on tnXA/cJtoAUpj m»t fR< 


i. [cooi^n] 

jiiii^B IdOftht^ Bt pnrfKLM >-]nci>. 
Kb-wmpportti CIc. tl. fa avT «k- 

iil, 3, Wlthodiiid'ftnnid.' nterU 

JdnD Tinul* OODDtUlIir, CuL 4. 

With i>/, : ISTtdtre ba««D, Ui. £ 

tOimlTtO. Hi"! *■ nlil, J- e- "- 
[loot nv hh In njco, nkMi] IocIok 

jDntonmi, Ov. And 

■Ir ultfra potdt open 
Iks, Hor. AlH. II 

aMk : Mia* JutmL. to 

JmTbsiu [III, Or. 11, Id m b>j 

(v«y'frn.): imeru.Sill.icumillqu 

teL ; ut ojpiuD cofO^nn, d quliquBii 

l.Wr, Vlr». 
: Ot: Vlrj. 

OJUjuni) JBglfc (Dm. [cm u 
n»L of JuD^I a ipoHi^ w(^( 
nnlj' a iMAmd : Oc.: Vtli. in 

at' Of imW.: Or. irpntl.: a 
MrMlmi. a bridi : VItk. 

fvm. inl*r and pfxm. i ^rcf ., Ibe do/., 
or attoL ; imlclttikm ciun voluputc, 

cal« iiontrf, Tuc : !>«& 0'. '^Uln 
phll». — DoJicEiida, Cofu/ch^H a toffiai 

AAiuudCiuAt 1. n. iivioal cpnnrdiim i 

""h^ao^ ^»^*«*. jirtS?^. 

L e. /iiU«nn(/, Clc. : SllArimDJirr iffljd- 

aonfilnu. ■■ ^inw Part, [cxmilln'l' 
""■ "'""larDlfM, I. V. Vp. 

Clc Fl(.; nlto. u 

II (K. 

nil) BtH pl>U (I pui4biu nat Ut. 
bunaDWiiiii [tf •uumziit. Clc. 

etaspma (mupiiiiii). ti. ■.— ™- 

momiiloe^ Vic : Hot. : Jot. 

tiaor, "0«. I- r. itp. to BwlMimir, 
try, wdcrtofa, vmfim. pfitmau, elc ' 

•Idt* pnAcIO lllmi (UtmoMbcnHB) 

nnlii pnfk*n. But nnu mull. O:. : 

dirt. T«r. : AtbeDkiudiiDi pofHituiii ta- 

nwdun. U^. Wllh li: il pemmi' 
pan poM H H ttfuU. Cart. 




SaUcidaB improUtote deplorare et cod- 
am, etc JbtoL: oooauenran slleain? 
T. /mpers.; postero die in tenataocHH- 
qnestum, SoeL 

OonqOMtlo. 8ni«. /• [oooqneror] a 
violent eompkdning or h«waili$ig, oom- 
plaint (rare) : oonqiMBtio nulla, nullum 
Mixillum. Cic. In rhetoric : cooqueittio 
est oratlo andltomm mlaeriooidiain cap- 
tans, id. 

OOnailMtoif •. «n. Part [con- 
queror j. 

OOnQUeftOB* «■, m, [id.] a violent 
complaiiU (rare, and only In oN. t»«i{r.) : 

eon-QVldSOOi qnlBvl. qnlStnm, j. v. 
**• (l>^' tyncop. oonqoiesti, dc : con- 
qolefiae, liv.), to be vkoUjf at rat^ to 
take rest, to repoM, to be idle or in- 
active, etc. : videmns igitur, ut con- 
guteecere ne Infantes qddem poastnt, 
ic: ante iter confectum, to AoK, Gaes.: 
roeridie, to (aJbe a tietto, id. Pror.:de 
istac re in ocnlnm utnnnTis oonquies- 
citOb i, e, be quite at ease, PL Of 
things: quando lUius postea slca con- 
quievit? Clc. : non manes, non slirpem 
<iu8 conquiescere vlri, Liv. ||. Fi^.: 
to Jind restt recreation, pleaimre tn. 
AbioL : habebam quo connigerem, ubi 
conquiesoereni, etc. With Mt: in nos- 
tris studiis IJbentissime oonquiesdmus, 

COQ-qilllliMPf qoexi. 3. v, n. to 
cover, equat, iUtop doitm : PI. 

oon-QidrOi qnitfvlt qnutum, j. «.a. 
[quaeroj to eeek /or, go in quut qf, 
procure, bring togmer, collect : allquem 
tot* provlnda conqniftre, Cic: coo- 

Suirere et oomburere vatJdnos Ubros, 
iv. Fig.: Toluptates, Caes.: allqnid 
soeleris et flagltii. to $eek to commit, Cic 

OOnqnllltfo. tols, /. [cooqniro] a 
$eetewg out, brinaing together, pro- 
curing, coUe(^ing (rare) : pecunlarum, 
Tac : ptaculorum, liv. ||. Mlllt. 1. 1. 
a letfvxng, lety; exerdtns durlssima 
omquisitlone coUectus, Cic 

OOnqoiiltori Ma, m. [td.3 a reeruii' 
ing officer: (^ ||. a tpy, listener : 

OOnqvUitlli* •« um. Part [con> 
<iu^^' II. ^ ^y ' *^f*ct, chosen, 
costly: oooqnisiti atque eleoti oolonl, 
Cic Sup. : mensae omquiaitlsainiis 
q^ulis exstruebantur, id. 

ooar. ^* vnder corr. 

eoilB&lfkt&tik>i Onis, /. [conaaluto] 
a greeting, mutual salutatum (rare): 
consalutatio forensis, Cic 

OOn-I&lfLtQi ^^f atum, i. v, a. 
to greet, hcM, salute (of several per- 
sons): inter se amidnime, Cic: all* 
quem imperatorem, Tac 

OOn-StoesoOf dAU I* i>> incep. to be- 
come vhoU or s(nmd,tobe Aea<ea (rare) : 
hoc vulncre ellam ilU, quae consanuisae 
Tidebantur, recrudescunt, Cic 

oon-canffolnini* a. van (pen. plwr. 
oonsanKuineOm, Lucr.), adfj. related by 
blood, wually plu, subst. rtlatives, kin» 
dred : cognation*, qulbus mi\Joribas, 
quibus consanguinds, Clc: Ambarri, 

necessaril et consanguinei Aednonnn, 
Gaes. Fig.: cooaanguinens letl sopor, 
Virg. Esp. brotherly, sisterly (mostly 
poet.): umbrae, Ov. Of animals: arte- 

OomansilXllItai, itls, /. [consan- 
gulneuaj Mood relation^ip, amsan- 
guinity : eq>. between brothers and 
sisters : Ulp. ||. rtlattonakip, in gen. : 
Ut. : Vbg. 

OOni&tltIt •* vooB. Part, [conaero]. 

con-nmcipi <^^ atum, i. v. a. to 
looiMMi seeerejy (rare) : caput. Suet. 

OOnsdOfirfttni. «, vm. Part [con- 
soelero. J ||. A d J. : vneked^ depntned : 
and Subat a criminal, a villain: 

Strata, Cic Sup. t consoeleratisstani 
111, id. 

eon-MnSro, '^▼U atmn. I. V. a. to 
stain or pollute with guUt, to dishonour, 
disgrace: oculos videndo, Ot. : aurea 
patemas, Liv. 

Oon-M)endo» di, sum, j. v. a. and 
n. rscandoj to cUmb up, mount, as- 
cend. With ooe. : vallum, Gaes. : eqnos, 
Liv. With in : in eqnos, Ov. n. nau- 
tical t t to go on board a Mtp, to 
embark. With ooc. : navem, Caes. : 
dassem, Virg. With in: in navem, 
Cic Absol. : velim quam prfmum con- 
scendas ad meque venlas, id. : in Sld- 
Uam. to embark/or Sicdu, liv. 

OomoendOi ^^Q^b* /. [couscendo] 
on embarking i in naves, C^. 

OgnfOlaiQa, ■«./. [oonsdens, con- 
sdoj a ^nt knov:leage, a being privy 
to, a witnessing, etc With gen. pers. : 
omnium horum, Cic. : pluniun, Liv. 
With gen. of thing : in consdentiam 
fkcinorls paud aadtl, Tac Absol.: 
nocte perfttgit Tanagram, snam consci- 
entiam metuens, Liv. 2* Meton. : 
the persons who are privy to anything : 
quismeum in Istius glorioslMimi fact! 
conscientla nomen audivit? Cic ||. 
consciousness, knowledge, feeling, sense. 
With gen.: unde haec illis tanta mo- 
destia, nisi a cqpsdentia virium et nos- 
trarum et suamm ? Liv. : ipsa oonsden- 
tia pulcerrlmi factl, Clc In plur. : Id. 
Witn de ; satisfactionem ex nulla con- 
Bctentia de culpa proponere decrevi, 
SalL 'With a relative clause: lilt con- 
sdentia, quid abesset virium, detrecta- 
vere pugnam, Liv. Absol. : non placuit 
reticere, ne qub modestlam in oonsd- 
entiam duceret, as the consciousness qf 
inferiority, SalL In plur. : suae (qnem- 
que) malae oogitotlones otmsdentiaeque 
anlml terrent, Cic |||. the moral 
sense, consctenoe: consdoitia recta, a 
good conscience, id. AbsoL : L a good 
conscience : mea mihi confclentia pluris 
est quam omnlmn sermc Id. 8. a 
bad conscience: buno tu quas consd- 
entiae labes in anlnao oenees habutsse f 

eon-ioilldo* Bddl, sdssum, j.v.a. to 
tear or rend to pieces (rare) : vestem 
omnem disddit, tum Ipeam capfllo con- 
ddit, Ter. Fig.: qua dominus, qua 
advocaU sibilis consdssl. hissed at, Oc 
AbnL : Is me ab optlmatiboa alt 000- 

sdndi, jmUed to pieces, L e. abused, ca- 
lumniated, id. 

OonwdOt 4« V. a. [oonsdasl to bs 
coNSctoics of wrong: nil ouosc&e sfbi, 

ocmp«eiioo« Mivi, sdtum. j. «. c to 

approve, decree a thing in towMon: 
pc^uli JusBS vetita quum soffrai^ 
oonsdscentur, CSc: Ttaci vero omnet 
consdverant helium, had decided upon, 
Liv. |l. to unite, agree : in illo uno 
(se. Aldbiode) laudando oonsdenmt, 
Nep. in. With aec. of direct ot^ect, 
and pron. reflect, in dat. or with in and 
€ue.: also without pron..- to inftiet or 
brtfi^ tipon oneself. L With dot.: 
sibl mcMTtem consdscere, to kiU ones^, 
Cic 2. With in: fiadnns in se ac 
sues foedum ac fcmm, Liv. 8, With- 
out pron. : letum, PI. : mortem, Cic 

OGlli0i8l118»*>n»V''ttr(. [conadndol. 

OOnMltllti *• lUQf /ViH.XconaKisooj. 

OOn-fanif «* mn, a<(y . [ado] aware, 
cognisant ^,privy to: and SubsL a 
(male or femaiie) parUcipantjOccessory, 
aocompUce, confidant, etc \Vith gen.: 
with or without a dat. of the person : 
audads ftdnoria consdus, Ter.: noo- 
dum tot flagitionDn ezerdtni meo con- 
sdus, without being compelled to wit- 
neu such baseness in my armu, Tac ; 
anteactac vitae, Liv. Poet, of things: 
versi regis arva, Ov. : fati sidera, Vbg. 
With dat. : huic fiidnori tanto, Ctc : 
coeptis,Ov. Poet.: connubiis aedier, 
Virg. With in : mihi in pHvatis om- 
nibus consdus, Cic. With de .• bis ds 
rebus, id. With a relat. douse: res, 
mulds consclis quae gereretnr, def^rtur, 
Mep. AbsoL : conado patre. Clc Hence^ 
aparteJeer,joint conspirator, etc : coo- 
sells loca munitlora oppidi tradit. Nep. 
Poet: cetera turrisconsda novit, Ov. 
II. conscious to oneself, aacore. 
With gen.: sibl nnllius culpae, Clc 
Without pron. reflect.: audads fhcti 
(lupus), Virg. Witli do^..- aibi factis 
mens, Locr. With in : nulla sIM turpi 
ita re, id. With ooc. and inf. : mihi sum 
consdus nunquam me nunis cupidnm 
fttisse vitae, Cic. Abed. : ego poC Quae 
mihi sum consda, hoc certo sclo, Ter. 
Poet.: vh>tua, Vwg. 2. Esp. eon- 
snota to onese^ of wrong (rare) : nlhH 
est miserius quam animus hoodnls oou- 

0011torCor» >• v. dep. to dear tie 
voice, hawk mud^ : raagnlflce, VL 

eon-«0llbo, pri. ptmn, 1. r. a. to 
write together in a list, enlist, enrot, 
inscribe (of the levying of troops, 
enrolling of dtlxens, eto.): consci i ber e 
leglones, Caes. 80 also of the enrolltDf 
of the people for the purpose of bri- 
bery : Clc. ||. to draw vp in writing, 
to compose, write: with aec. : Ubmm as 
consulatu. id.: epiatola Grsc^is con- 
scripta litteris. Oaes. : legem, to ^ra» 
vp, Cic. ' AbsoL : de Antonio Balbns ad 
me cum Oppio oonscripsit, irrote <a the 
same time, id. |||. to JiU with writ- 
ing (rare) : mensam >1no. Or. Humor- 
ously, to mark by beating, to cudgdt 





eaoKifbtn aUqacm ioCnm ttlUs olmdii, 

MMeriptitof OoK /. [conicribo] 
lit « droHvny tip in wrUing, a com- 
fttimf, ctmaotUiam. U. Me ton.: a 
tnttkHtWritinff: oontenptlones qoaes- 
tiOBOB, p i<9t0oola, wUnmt€i, Id. 

OQMOiptiis, a, am. I*arL [ooo- 
lofboj: Batret Cooacripd, i.e, patm 
tf oMacrtpU, /«i*«rt Md tUct, tbe fcitto 
of tht Mwnihiwil aenate (v. Smith's Ant 
mX Uv* Po« ^ In «<«^. .* ooDKrtptns, 
i, m. a a mat ors <[DOd iit oaoacripti, 
^poi Jodlcla oAdon, Hot. 

OnniCoo. cU, ctnm, I. V. a. (nre) 
li Ml «Nlo MMiU pieces f to diammber : 
■entea fraurts (Medea), Or. 

WltKfllino, <)q1>» /• [oonsecro^ a 
ntiaiom 4t^catiim, comaeeraUon: ca- 
fbk ootMcratlo. CIc ||. deiJUtUion 
(cA of the Boman cmperon) : Tac : 

Moataro* avi, atom, I. V. a. [sacfoTj 
ttwmkekt^dmUaUe, devote $ometkimg 
« mend to a dotijf: with daL: can- 
deUinnD cooaecrare JoTi, dc Abiot.: 
kcaa eefftia droa tanninia, Ut. t Inooa 
•c BiBora, Tac: locos cooaecnUna, a 
Ck. Hence, SL to dn ote to de-^ 
ie, inqnit, Appi, toam<ioe 
cqnt sMUui ue hoc coosecro. lAr. ||. 
tedc^: omne isre genos bMtiaram 
eoQsecraTenmt, Clc |||. 
to dtvoie, appropriate, oU 
with dot. : coi patriae noa totoa 
ei In qoa noatra omnia pooera 
«t qaul ooosecnuv debemna, Id. 8. 
I* Mite immmtalt immortaliee: qvd. 
lynmns a e ca re iun t, prope ad immor* 
tsHtatii et relisloDem et manMriam oon- 

lO M tot i rioii. «. am. o^'. [coo- 
ssdor J Oof JoOotn logiealfy, conm- 
faatf: Clc SobsL: a eoiicMMioii,<ii- 

flWmiHtTo, 9idMtf. [Id.3 on eo^er 
^TM^i, a tfriadi^ il/wr (very rare) : 
MBdoaitatti, Clc 

eonieetUriZt fcis, /. [fcLl Ou irfto 

mfn^'pmtmet, an aahermC friend : 
OBMctatrtoes n»loptatis UbUines, Clc 

Wfrttoi Wa, /. [oonseco] a cui- 

tiog or efcowM^ topieee$ : artxnmn, Gc 

WBWrtor. atosi I. a. drp. to jmrfMe 

MftHy (iMh la a good and bad sense) : 

Im edostctor, his oltro arrideo, Ter. 

Of tUngs : rtroloa, Clc 8. <3en. : 

1* itrtve after, rawiloie, iwiitatt, etc : 

' I sat potimtiam, Id. : benavolentlam 

largidooe, fcL: iiMignIa ao 

Tidosa tanltando, to imitate, id. 

I. to ptrmeutt, pmrtue, etc : re- 

eqnitea qooa posaunt ooosee- 

tianr atqoe ocoidant, Csea. 

«1fCtllg» •» vm. Part, [oonseoo]. 

MBne^UI tc<'>>*^<iaatlo). <tnift. /. 

[w— muoij an efoet, comsequemee : 

9* detradlo taointSm oonsecotlooem 

•fat vofamtatis, hot pleagure a$ a eon- 

ec, Clc R. In rlietor.: order, 

ef n ewce : vertwrom, id. 

8. a faykol c wu egii n i c s ; kL 

eon^ftliafOOt nU, }. v. Jnoep. to 
grow old together, to grow old : BandM 
at Philemon iUa oonaenoere casa. Or. 
U, M e ton. : to become iceak, decay, 
fade, loee strength, etc. : (flUa) maerore 
et lacrimls consenescebat, Clc. Of 
things: veru in manlbus ooncenesdt, 
PL : qoamvis consenaerlnt yircs atque 
defecerint, Clc Fig. : to Utse consider 
cUioH or respect : veteres leges ant Ipsa 
soa Tetnstate oonsenoisse ant novis le- 
gibus esse soMatas, id. 

OonMSUlOt OdIs, /. [oonsentio^ a 

feeling or thinking together, agreement, 

•MMiatauty: omnf in re oonsensio om* 

ninm gentium, Clc : universae Oalliae 

oonsensio libertatis vtiidicaDdae, Coes. 

II. In a bad sense : a plot, combi' 

neUion, eon^iracy : scelerata, dc In 

phtr.: id. fi. Me ton.: a band of 

eonepiratort : Nep. 

I OonBenfllf * a, om, Part, [coosentlo]). 

OOHMnnUt fls* "^ rooosentiol a 
ooNMiwm feeling, a thinking together, 
agreement, unanimity, concord: nnn- 
quam n^|or Tester consensus in nlU 
causa (tilt, Clc: omnium. Id.: inter 
males ad beUnm, Tac: consensus at* 
tentatae defectioois, a participation, 
Ut. Adverbially : consensu, unani- 
wum^y, with general consent, etc : 
bellom erat consensu, id. ||. Me- 
ton.: of things: agreement, hamwny : 
ooosensos coooentusque minis omnium 
doctrinaram, id. 

eonientftllfilllt a, nm. a^. [Id.] 
agreeing with, suited to, becoming, ft, 
proper. With cum : qxK)d erat ooncen- 
taneum cum Us Uteris, Clc With da(.: 
consentanea mors <^ Titae sanctisslme 
aotae, Id. AbeoL: Tir Tita et morte, 
coneistent. Veil. Consentaneum est. it 
is fitting, proper, consistent, etc with 
ii^. : ouid consentaneum sit ei dicere, 
Ck. with stitff. : neqna sit consenta- 
neom paedat^ogus una ut riet, PI. 

QjOnsentit^lUit entls, Fart, [consen 

rasse, Caea. : belli fiidendi causa. CIc ; 
nrbem Inflammare, Id.: ad prodcodam 
Hanniboli uibem Romanam, Liv. ^6- 
soL: quod undlqoe abierat, antequam 
conscntirent, id. |||. Me ton. : of 
things : to aoeorc^ agree, harmonize 
tnth, to Jit, be all of a piece, be con- 
sistent, etc. : quum vultus Domilii cum 
oratione non oonsentiret, Caes. : ratio 
nostra consentit. pugnat oratio, Cic 
IV. to perceive at the same time : 
quia tempore in uno oonsentlmus, Lucr. 

eon-flpIOf fiopetf., septum, 4. r. a. 
to fence round, hedge in : bustum. 
Suet. More flreq. in part. perf. : con- 
septus ager et diligenter consitua, Clc 

001186PtU]II» 1* **• [conaeptusj an 
enclosed ^ace, an enclosure : ab integ- 
umento oonseptl, Liv. 

?oqniiqil01ll • entis, Part, [consc- 
[uorj/ ILAdytfoUoicing on, coming 
n order, suitable, ft: in conjunctu 
verbis quod non est conseauens vitupe- 
randum est, Cic Tfeutr. tmpert. : con- 
scqueus est s= consentaneum est, it it 
reasonable, ft, proper, etc : coosequcns 
esse vidctor, ut scribes, Id. |||. 
Subst.: a logical consequence : id. 

OWUiqilOlltlaf ae, y. [consequcDS^ 
a oonseotieiMe : eventorum. Clc 

eomequlaf ae. /. [consequor] i» 
oonsequentia, a ooiise9u«yioe .' Lucr. 

OOXlHliqnorf sScatua (or scquums), 
J. v.dep. to follow, go of ter, attend, 
accompany: oousecutus est me usqua 
ad fores, Pi. : Uteras suas prope conse- 
cuius est, ctoce iipon his Utters, Liv.: 
comitibos non oonsecutis, without at- 
tendants, Cic J|. to follow, come 
after, in reqiect of time : hunc Cethe- 
gum Qonsecutus est aetate Cato, Id. 
AbecH. i annus, qui consequitur, id. 
III. tofoUow as an effect, to ensue, 
resuU : pudorem rubor, terrorem pall<v 
consequitur, id. Of a logical ccmse- 
quence: si, quod prlmom in conncxo 
est, necessarlum est, fit etiam quod 

tl^ II. Adj.: aureeing, accordant, I consequitur necessarlum, id. ^ ly. to 

unoMimoiut: tanta rerum consentiens, 
coospirans, contlnuata cognatio, Clc. : 
clamore ocmsentienti pugnam poscunt, 

eon-Mntio (cosentio), sensl, sensum, 
4. V. n, and a. to agree in feeling or 
thought, to be of one opinion, to dieter" 
wUne in common, decree, etc : constr. 
with cttm, inter with pron. reflect., the 
dot., or absol., of persons : and with 
the aec., de, ad, in, or obsol., of things: 
de amldtiae utiUtate omnes uno ore 
ooosentinnt, Cic. : cum aUqno de allqua 

follow a model or rule, to imitate, 
adopt, obey, etc : Chrviiippum Diogenea 
oonscqnens partnm Jovis dl^Jungit a 
fiftbula, id. : mediam oonslUl vlam, Liv. 
V. Meton.: to coaie up with, 
reach, overtake, attain to, arrive att 
reliquas coplas nt oonsequi posset pon* 
tcm in Aiarl liKiendum curat, Caece 
Servius ab lis qui fngientem consecuti 
erant, interfldtur, Liv. V|. Fig.: 
to reach or attain to, obtain, get: nt 
opes quam ma»lmas oonsequantur, Clc : 
regna, Oses. Of persons : to occrtake^ 

re. Id. : slbi hise, Id. : suis stndiis, Hor. : happen to, btfaU : matrem mors consc- 

oonsentire ad ieoemendum trlumphum, 
Liv. : oonsenOre in asserenda iibertate, 
SoeL: consenslt et senatus bellnm. i. e, 
has voted war, Liv. With a clause as 
ol^ect : omnes mortales una mente con* 
sentiunt, arma esse capienda, Cic. 
Pass, Impers. : de prioribas consentitur, 
Tac II. to eoaibifw to do somewrong, 
to plot together, conspire, etc : neque 
se cum Belgls reliquis consenslsse, ue- 

cota est, Ter. : prosperitas Caesarem est 
conseoita, Nep. 8. to 6eeoine like or 
equal to, to attain, come up to : aliqnem 
nuOoeem, Clc. 8. to cUtotn to some- 
thing inteUecttiatty, to understand, per- 
ceire, learn, know, comprise, express 
fully, etc : simiUtndlnem veri, id. : 
laudes ^{us verbis, Id. 

eon-MTO* *9^ sltnm. |. v.a. (perf. 
conserul, Liv.): to sow over, to plant 

, qoe contra p(^^um R. omnino coqjn- with trees, etc. (nit) : agrus. Cic : ager 
1 1 121 




Utdk •Uqafcl.U. 


fti, |. V. «. to 
9i»U mr tUtnt : PL 

/or nmmml, eomudUmf: 

Ft: aainB, Id. Siib«t.: « 

cooriliario «i «»> 

TcMoKHCkL U,amatmtnrim 

8oeL m. Of aa 

Witk a^Es; m fi« uiCayrvCn- «C tbe diviM 

vfU : coMilfartot Mqae wtnriniWfT J<^ 

-, aria» m. roomiUorl « 
(me): BAldlcm, Pfamlr. 

I, to e m umt (rmre) : oao> 
CDtloq«i, ~ 

of it Into tke pnctoT* oovt) . 
qpf to ex jara bm- I 

^ '•* ^'^ 

PL Fig.: Or. 

fiiipiin, Ck. : 
ygrnhnftartg, II. 

prvaerccr, ittfemier: pro <B imBorUlet. 
cartodes et ootMcrratom k^|iis ortto 
atqaelmperfi! CIc 

eoBMrvilzix, icii, /. [>L1 dkc 

«dto^r«aerw» (rare): oauerramk lai 
iiatuia« CIc 

i MMt -ie n ftlmu H. «• /oM tor«<- 

tele: eomBumerPL 

eoa MfTO, •▼<. atna. i. v. a. (iq^. 
jKr/. aio. oooaemae), to worfatotfa. 

««q» wftprtaerve, kate mtkMrt or ta/e 
OMMir icn 6(M itwitof I ilui uu> dudt, 
urmtd leave tathonted^ Can. 
rari aatefa tiiigiroUa et 
fiadoB etiaai nbataqgrrifQc: priati- 
mm anIniiiiB erga popoloa) Bora.j Ut. : 
joi^aiaiidBBi, to Jbeqv, otoo-er, de. : iai- 
pertom BM^Jgatatwpqaa popali Roinani 
ODoaenrato atne dolo aialo. Lir. 

eoa-temif, i. a^ a /eao»alai«: 

OOnicmor, M** **. [eonaldo] oae 
«!*0 fito wtt& or near, am ateetear : taa 
ooait of Jaatioe. CIc : atafeaat.ld.: in 
pablic exhIUtioDa, Id. 

eoOMtfOSt fla. wk. [id.1 a tiMiap 
foyeCAa" or wttA. Q. Meton.: an 
ooanftbr, oa otMUeaee, a ooarf, etc: 
CIc: VRf.: In |iCar.; Uwatraka gla- 
diatorttquc (9c 

OOnilUtfftti* <ufc eentidaxUdy : 
eoiaiderate a^ne, (3k. Coaifi.: lir. 
gup.: Qe. 

eOBddtltttO. Bnl>. /• [conaidfTo] 
conHaeration, rtfleeUim (rare): con- 
alderatio contemplatloqiie natnrae, CIc 

daUtcni. hk aa AntU 
CkL: Bellas propter lod fertiUtolcai 
ibi raniwIiMa. CSan. : Taltia et hia nae- 
cnai paritor caaatdete rcKuia? Vtr^ 
Fig. : joadtla in lamto oouaedlt^ Oc. 
V. or piaoea. dc.* to eetOe, timk 
da aa , give way. tubtide, etc: tcna 
ingcntibna cavernia c o u a e diw lir. : 
(AJpea) Jam boet ooniidant ! aioy mm* 

elocata eooaiUantftaa Ja> 
diTia. Hor. ||.to^w 
tlhi MWjallhmi aiiilm. Id. 

ii, a. Lit.: a giitit^ 
uaeaaWjr. and ^ 
a wiaef asacaiMy ef leadtn, 
ooodlinBii. a cafliay 1^ 
a faacral or lanacr aa- 
ilioe. Vlig. : aate fcooa kngia acsBMla. I paac \, mm nttrmMg tf Uoden^ 
Or.: anrr^aoBatagid, id.: traaatria, aa tfcg waa fi , J a i^ i, a cumcfl «/ w,,. 
Vin. imfen.pem.: to aitraaa Tcnitar etc : acaataa, id eat orbto tenae con* 
et VA fnaahWhir.Qc 1. Of ooarta. aOiaM delcre geatU. Oc: ia qol eat 
etc: to mt, hUd agaiitai, to to «a aea- la ooairittow Oa bady V iaa*ce«. Id. : 
qaan la tteatro faavcrid hoai- . Oalba oouOto celcriter oooTocato aea- 
oaedcfant, id.: ad Jaa dkeadm, tcatiaa e »|ai t aia ooeplt» a ooaMea ef 
U^. n. Milit. <.<. to cacaay^ |^kcni.aeaMMa^«rar.Caea.: hacra 
take paat : qao to toco Gefaaai coo- , ad <<a iani M a ddala, to Ae aul*lary 
aedenat. Gan.: haad V»ge a aari, | ra aa nl . Id.: anAitare. Lir.: cooatUum 
prope Cfatam oooaedtt excrdtoa, SaU. 1 JoTis» Her. PoeL of a aingle peraooi 
JbeoL : aU caiqae ralUa abdiu ipcn ' a csaajeUir : iUe fbrox hortator pugaaa 
prarafclH aat aalatia attqinaBi ofl^^Hiat, MaMfliuiaqwi Mt, Or. |. 4m£erw 

IV. to aettia, take tiam^ w aww if : cam attqoo coaaiUa ooo- 
obadc, ettMitk emeeeff: qain fiore, Ck. : qaaal vara oooaitU tit n% 

as tf the wmUer tOU admdUed ^ de* 
Ittoratms Omb. : qald elBoere poaaia. toi 
cxaKOii cat, tkat iefmr yaa to emaider, 
Ck. M. Meton.: • ooNdaatoa, db- 
IwiiiiaJMiRa waabrftoaB aJtoi. n 
istt9 caau, aive oooaUto deoraa 
taUom, Oaea. : flnnaJHam eat ito toeere, 
/a»rcael<ad,FL: protoctioola et ivTcr> 
aknia meae eapere coarilinm, Ck. : oao> 
dltam caplt eqoitatam dimittere» Oaea. : 
akkre la Ignes lUnmu to aialr dovw, , de aaeo coaaiUo^ taitt a^r adiPkce. Ck. : 
Vlig. Fig. : totam w IdeMu a con a wiiMn ' ma naris qnae private oooaiUo admi- 
nrbem ladto. aaalc imffrirf. Id. VL niatrafaatar, em priwede aocoaaf; Cbea.: 
Fig.: to laae/orcc, a&ito, aatoalf, «ii« and obMl. eooJlfo, adrerlitaUy: imtem- 
wUmek, to appeaeei^ etam: oooaederit twaallf, tJmigmtdlg: Virg. : Ur. %, 
Airor, Qc : feroda ab re bene gcata. Eqk. In war : a danke; Mtmta§tm: Arl- 
liT. : cooaedit atrinaqoe nomen in oristam Oalloa magia ratiooe et oonaflio 
ooaeatnra, L e. ha$ oiued, Ck. Of qnam Tirtoto Tidme, Caea. 3^ ad- 
di a umia e: to atnl^ L C to eemtimdc, 9iee,eotm»ei: fadk oamea, qioam rale* 
ead: eonoarerboramjonctiorariedia- aaaa, recta cooaiil% a eg wiUa daaioa. Ter.; 
tincteqne oooaidat. Id. eom ndnaa ei fldde cot^Hom dedlaac^ 

eoniiSIliMllft *» ™b» ^P^x^ C*'"'' ^^ ^ cooatUia non cnrrlbaa atore no*- 
aigno3. , tria. Or. 4. Aa a mentol <taalitj: 

ftflfl-liiriifti •▼t atom. I. V. a. to a ailu i< aa d ia i> t jmdgwumi, wiedom^ pe- 
eeal upTeeai, fiya, aabacribe .* tabolaa netrottoa, iradiace : abvDdat andada. 
atonia, Ck.: id decretom. Ur. U ' cooailto et ratiooe deAdtnr. CIc : rir at 
Meton.: to oitesf, tertify, eetaJtUA, , oooaiUi nagni et rirtntia. Caea. : ndaoe 
roMcA/or: monameotla teatata cona%> 1 atnltitiam mnailila breran^ Hor. Poat. 




if thlup: oQoaUil ioopM Igne^ imii»- 
cmtt Or.: vis ooiMill expen, Hor. 
[CkmiUMM. fWMD root ttD. **cit:" 
▼.OHusi.] (Hfiooeltal. OMWt^io; FV. 

f iTinTlll «• od^. Ul» in oU ne- 
r, «a<«rel« tmOor. With pm. : 


ooaafaaUk caoMrum eonmi. Ck. 
Wkh dbiC: coi homini berus est coo- 
PL With atque or el: hftud 
Ingeoio aloiie Ule est, id. 
With ac: qukiiMun laoere hoedl oon- 
ifaBlIt in canu poMint ac fortis eqoi 
▼kiLner. WithfaKui: ouift ooosiniile 

mL: Imam, id. 

iOBfil^ I. «. II. [Mpio] tc bein 
mit figki wiind or im om^t «eiuet 
(mv) : mentitn* oonfl|WTe, lAv, 

MB^dato. cdti. •atom, |. «. n. and 
B, ii. a entr. : to plaee <m€$elf a$tih 
iHUre. to ttand ttM^ «toiMi, ftop • fai 
lac Jua loco com altero conatitiC PI* •' 
viatorra oooatatere coguot. Caea.: ire 
mode odus* interdnm conalatere, Hor. : 
la maro conafatandi potastas erat nalli, 
ad mpniiMn conalatere at minia- 
ooaatltit In digltoa eztemo 
ttterqoa, on ttptott Vlrg* 
: Tel cooddat onno coelnm 
tern oonalatat neceaM eat, 
oonatitit later, wot froatn 
«k Qv. %, to »ettU, take up on 
modt: Galli dvea Romianoa qui ne- 
Ibl oonatiterant, Interfl- 
Z, Fig.: to ttand »tia, 

a rut, eeate: omnia admlnia^vtio 
eooaiatlt, id. : forenaiuin rcmm 
lihor ODoatltiMet. CIc. ||. MiUt. I. L 
to katt, takt ttp a potUum, pott w 

tt m r i, wtaktattand: Kocua, nbi con* 
Oaca. : cooatitit utmroqiia 
Ut. : nt reliqnaa contra cou- 
Doo aadereot,C^ca.: aAiga,Ur.: 
Doatria adveraac conarita* 
m. Fig.: to oce%ipjf a 
ttand, rema^: nt node orta 
culpa aiiat, tbi poraa oonatatcret, Uv.: 
ante ocoloa rcctnm pletaaqoa podorqaa 
ctutivtnat, Ov. 9. (o dweU tipon, 
4daf,ttop: ba nno noaiioe.(3c 8. 
I* k att^tt, wnAaken, to ttand ontft 
ya aai l, to ettdmre, nAtitt, etc. : mente 
iwMktaw, id. : In qoo (viro^ non modo 
cal|ia DoUa, aad na aaq;>iciu quidem 
potidt oooaiatrre. id.: cooatitit in 
Bella qoi ftdt ante color, Ov. 4. to 
o§m vHtk : Zeoooem com Artatone 
vfftis cooaisfcoc. re dlaaidere, Cic 5. 
Ib gen. : to be, tmitt, takt ptace : Wz 
biDM oratona landabUet conatitiaee. id. : 
Md MQ in te oooqna cooatitit idem 
okat, took or had plaoe. Or. 6, 
With injra: to ooititt of, to dnend 
t^pM : m^gr para victna coram in facte, 
CMw, came cooaiatit, Cmb. MTlth t» : 
t qoStm haac reran anmma cooaiatat, 
Ucr. ^ AeL: to tettU, ettaUitk 
(vcryrvv): Titam conalaiere totom, Id. 
•^rftffri bi^ /. [cooaerol a mmtna, 
fimtmg^nn'): oac oooaitlooea modo 
detoctaat, fad etiam inaitlouea, Glc 

planter : uvae, i. e. Bo/wkut, Or. 

OOnaltfirat m, /. ^U.] a towing, 
planting: agri, Ctc 

OonmUt •» wn. Part, [oooaerol. 

OonaSnllia* *^f' a ftmaU ootain- 

eon-l51irInilli i, «». in areatrlcted 
aenae, a ooutin-german an the motht/'t 
tide; bat alao, a eoutin-fferman in gen.: 
Cic. II. In gen.: a retative, eoutin, 
in a remote degree : Saet (Hence It 
atffino: Vr.ooutin,) 

eon-fdoer, «rl. m, a joint /ather^n- 
law: Suet. 

onudoUUXOt Onia, /. roonaodo] a 
union, attoeiation: CIc.: Dv. 

Oonf6d|tllS« B. om. Port. Icon- 
aodoj. IL Adi. : ttnited, harmonioMM 
(very rare): dil, Llr. Sup.: oonao- 
dniiaaima Ttdnntaa, Cic. Comp, and 
Jdo. not in nae. 

0OXI-f5<dOt *^ Btun, I. V. a. to 
make coaMum, to thare, to attociate, 
unite, connect: con a tr. with eum, in- 
ter trndpron. r^fteet., or abtol.: nee vero 
rectum eat, cum amlda conaodare aut 
coi\)ungere ii\juTlam, Cic: conaodare 
mlhi tecum Ucet, to enter into part- 
nerthip with, PI. : centom Piatrea rem 
inter m ooiwodant, Liv. : conaodare 
regnom, id.: plnua albaqoe populua 
ombram conaooare amant, Hor. : rem 
consodatam aUcul umrire, omcertei, 

OOnsSI&bllif* •• o4^- rconaolorl that 
may be amioled, eontoUiUe (rare) : do- 
lor, dc 

OOnfSlfttXOt Onia./.rid.]aeoti<oUfi9. 
conaolalaofi. comfort : Cic : maloram, 
id. In irfur.: Id. ||. Me ton.: a 
contotatorp ditoourte or treatite: id. 
III. an enoowra4fing, aUeoiattmg, 
eneouraaement : timma, id. 

OOntoUtOTi Oria. m. [Id.] one «e*o 
eoMBoIet, a eowtforter : Cic 

eonfSUtOnnit % mn. 04/- Ci<i'] 

pertaining to eontoUUion, eontolatorf, 
qfcontoleUion (rare): literaa, leUert ^ 
eontoUUion, Cic 

eon-fUIdOt Btum, I. V. a. to make 
iErm or tt^id, to eondente: parietem, 
Vitr.: ratkmea conaoUdatae, aeoo«ii4« 
that are abutted, balanced, CIc 

OOii-tQIoir« Atua. f . V. dep, to eontole, 
encourage, dieer, cowtfort : with ace. ct 
peraon: ijiauem de mlserila commnni* 
boa, Cic: aiiqnem in miieriia, id. : ae 
aliqna re, id. : ie per literaa. id. : hla me 
conaolor victunmi auarlua, Hor. Ab- 
toL : ant coniolando aut ocmailio ant re 
Javero,Ter. 8. Paaa. : ale oonaolatla 
militiboa, Juat. U. With ace. of 
thii«: to mitigate, aOeoiaU, lighten, 
toothe: at dolma magnitudinon celerl« 
taa, dintumitatem alievmtio conaoletur, 
Cic : banc ctadem domna meae. Ut. 

Oon-fomaiOf *^ i. «. a. to dream 
qf: PL 

eon-ttao* ^* <• v* **• '<> tound at the 
tame time, to tound Vnidtjf, retound 
(rare): tubae atrlmqoe canunt: contra 
oontonat tmrnt, PU: nialatlbaa theatrara. 

Tac: coitaonat omue nemna atrepitn* 

00X^49nilMt a. mn, 04^. toumding to- 
gether, in harmong, harmoniout (rare) : 
clangor. Or. I|. Fig.: acoordani. 
Jit, tuUable: credo Piatooem tIz pa< 
taaae aatia ooosooum fore, Cic 

OOB-tSpIOi DO perf., Itom. 4. v. a. lo 
luU to tleqf, to ttup^ (rare): lomno 
conaopiri aempitemo, Cic 

Oon-fOn. ortla, o^^.aAaWn^ propertg 
with, partaking qf in common: con* 
iortea trta finatrea, holding an ettate at 
tenant* in common, Cic SabaLwlth 
gen.: qui flrater germanaa et coniora 
etiam cenaoria erat. ttiU Uved with hiw^ 
Llr. Poet.: brotherlg, titterlg: pec- 
lorasK8ororea,OT. Snbat: a brvtAcr 
or titter: id. : alaob a relative in gni. : 
qniaqne aunm coosortem humabot, 
Locr. ||. In gen. : having the tame 
Uti, partaking of, tharing; subet^, a 
colleague, paufner, fdlow: with gen.: 
coMora mecnm temporum illorum,Cic : 
cnlpae, Ov. : thalami, a wife, id. : Alius 
conaore tribunidae poteataiiaadramitiir. 
Tac. With in: in lucria atqne furtia» 
Cic Poet: cS thlnga: of the tame 
condition, common : tecta, Vir|. 

OOOMrflO. ^ole, /. [cooeoraj feOow- 
thip, com muni tjf, partnerthip, attoeio' 
tion (rare): omnia humana dtoaolTetur, 
dc Abtol.: qoaanam iata iodetaa, 
quaenam cooaortio eat I Liv. 

OoniortlTUIlt Ut *•• CM.1 eommunitjf 
of aoodt : Soet ||. fMowthip, par' 
tietpation : Llr. In plur. : Tac 

OOnipaotnit <W mn. Part, [conipldo] 
II. Adj.: vitible: tnmulua con- 
qiectua hoati, lir. 8. remorXtiMc, 
pa«ed at, ttriking, ditHngui^ud : I*allas 
chlamjde et picua coonectoa in armia, 
Vlrg. Coww.t Or.: liv. 

eonipeotllf. Oiy •». [M.] a looking 
eU, a took, tight, view : quo longiaaima 
OQoapectom ocnll fcrebant L4v. : navom 
in ooospectn nnllam pnwpidt Vlrg.: 
pane In o(»spcota exerdtua noatri, m* 
fore the evet, Caea. : renire in conapec- 
tom aUcajJua, Cic: et ado, ita fore meum 
conq)ectam Invtenm hodle, the tight of 
me, mg pretence, T^r. : (tibi) ca}ua 

rpe in oonqiectu Aegjrptns cat, beftere 
eyet,Cic: in conapectn imperatoria, 
in title jireaence of, Caea. Of inanimate 
and abatract things: procnl a conapectn 
imperil. Glc ||. Fig.: the mental 
view, a turvejf, oontideraHon ^rare): 
quae ponnnt in oonqwctn animl, quae 
oemere et vldere non poasnmus, id. 

OOnipergO (conapargo). ai. aom, }. 
V. a. LfMUgoj to betprinlde, bettrew, be- 
dew: conatr. with ace. and abL: me 
lacrimla,Cic Fig.: <tforaiorlcaXoma- 
ment: (oratio) conqteraa all quaal ver* 
borum sententlannnqne florlbua. inter- 
itpened, Id. 11. <o i|»rinJUe, acotterj 
vinum vetns, Ou. ^ 
ant« aedea, PI. 

oonfpemiit •. "«. ^'^rt. [con- 


ooiuipldendnff •» "»» ''«r'- C*®"- 

ipidoj. II. Adj. : worth teeing, wor- 


JmoLt conqterge 




thy of atttntion, diMtingufihed : Hyas 
fonna, Ov. • opus Tel in hac magnifl< 
ceada urbto. Liv. 

eon-aplcio* spexl, spectumf 3. v. a. 
and n. to lo^ up, ujpim, or a/, to behold, 
to obterxe. [root spec, v. spocio] : sarsmn 
in ouelum conspiccre, PL : Infestis ocuUs 
omnium conspld, Clc. 2. Pass.: to 
cMract notux, to be gased at, to be 
dUtinguxMhed, or to di$tinguiA one$d/: 
maxime conspectus ipse est, curru equis 
albis Jnncto urbem invectu:*, Liv. : tn 
fonnosissimos aito oonspiceris coelo, Qv. 

II. to *py out> 9^ »»f^*' 9f* t^cty : 
with aoc.: ubi primun nostros eqnitns 
oonspexerant, Caes. ; calones, qui ab 
decumana porta nostros victores fluroen 
transtsse oonspexerant, id. |||. Of 
the mind: quantum ego nunc corde 
oonspkio meo, as I contider, PL. 

OOmpIOOTi fttits. 1. V. dep. [id.^ 
to $py out, get a sight of, to descry, see : 
^ith cux. : M. Valerius, conspicatus 
ferocem Jnvenem Tarquinium, Liv.: 
bnuc conspicatae luvea, Caes. With a 
clause : illam geminos fUlos pucros pe- 
perlsse conspicur, PI. 

ooniplouiltf ^ QiD* o4i- C^onspido^ 
tn sight, visible: rebus ab auditis 
oonspicuisque, Ov. ||. ^illustrious, 
reinarkaUe^ strikit^^ distinguished. 
With oM,: insignis clara conspicuus* 
que domo, Tib. Absol. : Komanls con- 
spicuum enm novitas diviUaeque Cade- 
bant, Liv. 

eoniPlr&tSi ad».ufumimousljf,witk 
one accord: Just. 

OOnspIr&tlOt Onis, /. [consplro] 
eoncoiff, harmony: conspiratio canen- 
tium, Ck>L II. Fig.: an agreement 
in feeling or opinion, union, unemi- 
niity: conspiratione hominum atque 
consensu, Cic. |||, In a bad sense : 
a plotting, pilot, omupiracy: id. 

OOnipIr&tua, ».am, Part, [consplro] 

having entered into a eonspiraey: his 

ciMispimtis factionum partilms, Pna^r. 

|l. Snbst: oomqiirati, orum, m. 

flu. like oonjurati, oofupmitorr; Suet 

OOnspIr&tlXli », wa. Port, [oon- 
q>iro] coiled up. 

OOn-lpIrOi <^vK atnm, i. v. n. to 
brmthe or Uow together, sound toother : 
aereaque assonsu conspirant comua 
ranco, Virg. ||. Fig.: to harmonise, 
agree, accord, unite : populus Romanus 
nniversus et omnium gencrum onlinum- 
que consensus ad liberandam remp. con< 
•piravit, Cic III. In a bad sense : to 
plot together, to enter into a conspiracy, 
to conspire : absol. : priusquam plures 
civitates oonspirarent, Caes. With tn : 
In Injurtam, Liv. With od: ad res 
Dovan, Suet. With su^. : ut Senatnm 
adorirentur, id. With inf.: perdere 
aliqnem, Id. Impers. pass.: conspi- 
rntnm est in eum a sexagtnta amplius, 

consplro* "^^^ atum, I. V. a. [spira] 
to coil up (rare) : angiiis se conspiravit. 
Aur. Vict. II. to crowd closdy to- 
gether: milites sublto oonspirati pila 
ooi\)ecenint, Caes. 

C(ni-fP0XII0r I oris, m. a joint surety : 


eon-tpilo* ^U Htum, j v. a. and n. 

5. Act.: to spit upon, btfoul 
: Pctr. Esp. to spit upon in con- 
tempt : oonspuitur, vitnperatur. PI. 
M e ton. for conspeitsere : to besprxnkU, 
bestrew: Hot. 

COn-tPliroOt taoperf., atum, x.v.a. 
to defile, pollute (ytrj rare) : Locr. 

COn-lpfltOt 00 pirf., atum, i.v. a. 
freq. to spit upon w contempt (very 
rare); Cic. 

ConspfttlUi •» nna, PaH. [coo- 
spnoj . 

COn-ftibnio. W. 4- •• «. to eonjlrm, 
establish (nxe) : remmeam.Pl. 

Oomtaait antls. Part, [oonsto] ||. 
Adj. : steail^ast, firm, trndutngeami, 
constant, immoveable, invariable : cur- 
sus certl et constantea, Clc: constan- 
tissimua motus lunae, id. : nihil (mun- 
do) motu oonstantius, id. : pax, firm, 
secure, Uv. g. Fig. : agreeing with 
itsdf, consistent, uniform: mmores, 
Cic. : constans porum memoria ht\)u8 
anni, Liv. 8. '*t*v> steadfast, steady, 
consistent: fhmi et stabiles et con* 
stantes amid, Cic : constans Fortuna 
tantum in levitate sua, Ov. 

oonstanter. adv. firmly, steaday, 
consistently, uniformly : coustanter 
manere in suo staui, Cic. : hi constanter 
omnes nuntiaveruntiinam'moialjf, Caes. 
II. Of the mind : firmly, sturdily, 
wUh constancy, etc.: constanter ac non 
trepide pugnare, steadily, id.: con- 
stanter et sedate ferre dolorem, Cic. 

COXUUntla. ««. /. [conatAns] ttood- 
fastness, firmness, consistency, con- 
stancy, p ers e ver an ce: (slellarum) per* 
ennes cursus atque perpetul cum ad- 
mirabili constantia, Cic ||. agree- 
ment, harmony, symmetry: nou ex sin- 
gulis Todbus ^ilofloi^i spectandi sunt, 
jsed ex perpetuitato atque ocnstantia, 
id. III. firmness of character, stead- 
fastness, constancy, self-possession : mo- 
deratione et constantia quietus animo, 
id. : de eorum fide constantiaque dubi- 
Utis ? Caes. In plur. : Cic 

oonitern&tlo* 6nis, /. [constemo] 
confusion, dismay, alarm, disquietude : 
pavor et constematio mentis, Tac. 
AbsoL : Suet. ||. mutiny, tumult, 
sedition: haec constematio muliebris, 
this tumult among the u;omen, Liv. 

COn-StemOi strtvl, stritum, |. V. 
a. to strew over, bestretv. With oW.; 
tabemacula cae^tilMis, Caes. Fiff. : 
mare classibus, Liv. 2* Without 
abl.: triclinium, Varr. Uence, con- 
strata navis, covered, having a deck, 
Cic. 8. Me ton.: the thing strewed 
being reguded as the subject: oon- 
stemunt terrom concuswo stipite fron- 
des, Virg. ||. to throw down, pro- 
strate, upset (rare) : tempestas in 0^>i- 
tolio aliquot Hgna oonstrnvil, Liv. 

COnttMnOt Avi, atum, t.v.a. [finora 
the foregoing, corresp. with No. 11. in 
a fig. sense : cf. aspemari fVom spemo] 
to terrify, affright, cof\fute, dismay: 

pecorum in mudum constematoe cae- 
dunt fugantqne, Uv. : simt animo ooo- 
stematl, CaM. : in ftigam constemare. 
to put to flight by akurming, Uv. 2. 
Of animals: to frighten, startle: ocm- 
Btemantur equi, Ov. ||. to eaeite to 
sedition or revolt: earn multitodioeni 
ooi^Juratorum ad anna oonstematam 
ease, Uv. 

OOn-ffUpOi •▼!« atom, i. v. a. to 
pTfU or eroH*d closely together (rare), 
numemm hominum in agmm Cam 
panum, Clc : se sub Ipso vaUo, Caes. 

OOXI-lti[t{U>« fil* titum, j.v.a. [sutno J 
to set or put together, to lay down, 
to make to stand up, to plaee : homi- 
nem ante pedes Q. Hanilii consUtaont, 
Cic. : vobis ego taurum ante aras oao- 
siJtuam, Virg. : impedimenta, Uv. 
Fig.: constituitote vobis ante ocnloa 
ht^ns roiaeri senectutem, Cic ||. 
Millt. 1. 1. to station or post: to dram 
up, arrange : leglooem Caesar paaslboa 
CC ab eo tumulo ootistlUiit, Caes. : 
naves ad latus apertom bostittm, id. : 
naves aperto ac piano Iltore, id. 8, 
to halt, cause to halt: agmen, Uv. 
III. to fix the abode of, to settles 
Tl. et C. Oraochos plet>em in agris pul^ 
lids constituisse, Cic. jnjf, to set 
up, erect, establiA, found, build, con- 
struct, etc: aggerem apparare, vineaa 
agere, turret duas consutuere cmpit, 
Otes. : oppidum, to found, id. Fig.: 
▼ideto, quam dvltati legem oonstitim* 
velitis, to establisk, Gc : aoctisatoreni, 
id.: conoordiam, id.: libertatem, id. 
V. to se< in order, settle; to set 
up with authority, appoint, organiMCf 
arrange, regulate: reges in dvitate, id. : 
Commium regem constituent, Caea.: 
composita et constitnta res pabtioa, 
Cic : miO*>'^ vestrl mi^estacis oonsti- 
tuendae gratia Ms Aventinum oociipa- 
vere, SalL VI to lay down as set- 
tled; to fis, appoint, det»mine: pre- 
tium Anmento, Clc. : hibema omninm 
l^onum In Belgis, Caea. : grandlorem 
aetatem ad consulatmn, Clc : oonstttu- 
endi sunt qui slnt in amIdUa fine^ we 
must define, id. 8. to agree upon, 
make a contract with, concert unth,«tc. : 
with eum: ubi ea dl^ quam constltu- 
erat cum legatls venit, Caes. : with 
inter : constituimiu inter nos ut ambu- 
lattonem oonfloeremua in Academia, 
Clc : with dat. : ubi noctnniae Numa 
constituebat amicae, Jnv. AbsoL: sic 
constituunt, sic oondlcimt, Tac V||. 
to resolve, determine: ubu. with inf.: 
cohortes duas in Nantnatibus oolloare 
constituit, Caea. : audio constitutum 
esse in Sidliam me mittere, Cic With 
sutff. : constitueram, ut pridie Idas 
AquinI maneran, id. 

OOmtltlltifOi Onis> /• [oonstitoo] a 
constitution, duposition, nature : finna 
corporis. Cic ||. In rhetoric: the 
issue in a cause, the point tn dispute: 
Id. III. a ixguttUion, order, ordi* 
nonof, etc. : id. 

eonitiltlLtom. t. n. [id.1 <m 
institution, ordinance, law. Ftg.; 





qnra \'ideM ordincm rerum et natu- 
nm p<«r coooitnUk procedcre, according 
i» a ta U iaiked lawt^ Scou ||. an ttgnc' 
mmt, appaintmeHtt compact: reacrii^ 
lit cnDstluuiizn le cum eo habere, Cic. 

COHUrtltfttm* ■> ™>^ I'art, £con- 

ttisa^ Q. Adj.: eurangtd^ dii- 

fmtd: bene oansUttitiim corpus, Cic 

8. Mod^ eitabushod: corrat •!• 

denun, QniDC 

#01-«to« •titt stltom, or sUlUiin. 
I. «. n. to Uawi Mtill, to itop, kaU. 
LiL (Tcnr rmr. for omsittere): oon- 
sUBt, oDnfenmi oomeit termones inter 
•ete dnpeUe, tJUjf Mtand together, PL 
H. tap. to itamd Jirm, nemain 
rt « «VM< » to la<<, endure, j j crt tere , etc; 
nktndo ci Deque corporis neque «nimi 
cDuatit, Suei. : mente vix oonsUre, 
Cfc. : in aententia oonsUre, to hold fast 
If fkeir opiniom^ id.: ud nnnaenu legi- 
onm oooetare Tideretor, might »€em 
mKhamgrdt Cttes. Poet.: poetqnam 
caucu Tidet ooek> coiuUre sereoo^ that 
Ik KtaSher contitmed settled, Viif. 
Bt With oM. or dad. : to agjcc 
via. €mre*pond,JU, be consistent tntk : 
eottsidenkbii, constotae oratio aut cum 
It HU ipaa aecmn, Ck. i aibi et rel judi- 
otae, id. Ratio constat, mercantile 
tt, the aecotaU agrees or is correct : 
aari ratio constat, td. Hence, Fig.: 
cna eoodltlonem esse imperandi, ul 
000 aliter ratio constet, quam ti uni 
wklatar, Tac IV* Of facU, reporla. 
(tc: to te estaUisked, settled, certain, 
pndemt, weU imoim: quae quum con- 
MnL penqTicnom debet esse, Cic Hup. 
%, Impers.: it is certain, known. 
Cic - UHL with aoc and in/. : milii 
■nUa agltanci constabat, pauoorum 
cMnm egregiam rirtutem cuncta pa- 
tnivlMe,SalL: omnibus constabat, hie- 
Bift in GalUa oportere, Caes. : quum 
iueraognrescoostet imparem numerum 
4stat cMe, Lir. : annm de Magio con- 
Met. Cic Henoe with dai. pert. scer^ 
taa est, one is deterwuned, resolved 
{rtfj rare) : neqoe satb Bruto neque 
tiOvik militum consialmt, quid age- 
mt, Kcre wndeeitled, Caes. V. ui 
pv. : to exist, be : antiqntsatml fere 
•Bt, qnorom quidem scripta constent, 
Gc: il ipca mens constare potest va- 
aas curpore. Id. y|. With ex, in, 
« the oU..* to comsiH qf, be composed 
tf, to rest npemt etc : bomo ex anlmo 
CQMtat et oorpore. hL : vktorlam In 
«arvn cohortium virtnte constare, Caes. : 
fotmtat materies solldo oorpore. Liter. 
yn. to stand one in, to coet : with 
oV. : fllhis aoro, PL With gen. : (am- 
halatiaocola) prope dimi<Uo miuoris 
coBttabit toco k)co. Cic. With super : 
cq}as area super HS millies oonstitit, 
Saet. F ig. : edooet, quanto detrimento 
ct qwc lirarum fortluro morte necesae 
iitooaitare rtctortam, Caes. 

Wnrtri twill U **• [paoaiBrao'} a 
otwnmg: pontiimi. Liv. 

Wlrtf i tM i *• ^><ii* ^*o^» [con* 

€gutrietaft •» vm. Paru [ooi>- 

strlngo3. II. Adj. : compressed, con* 
traded, tUnidged, concise, compact: 
oonstricta fh>08, knit, Petr. : nives per* 
petuo rigore, Curt. 

OOII-ltrillgO» inxl, ictum, |. v. a. to 
bind together, draw together, string up, 
tie up, etc : sardnam, PI. : corpora 
vinculis, to fetter, Cic. ||. Fig.: to 
hML or bind together, to fetter, restrain, 
hold in check, etc : coiuurationem om- 
nium borum oonscientla constrictam, 
kL : orbem terranim novia I^bus, id. 
8. In rhet. and logic: to bring 
into a narrow compass, to compress : 
(sententia) quum apHs oonstricta ver* 
bis eat, cadit etJam plerumqne nume> 
roac, id. 

COlLitnM>tXOf 6nls, /. [oonstruo^ a 

putting oe joining together, an erecting, 

ImUding, construction : hominia, Cic 

II. Of style : a Jit connexion : ver- 

bonmi, id. 

OOnttmotOM* *i um. Part, [con* 

eon-ftrfto« ^^U uctum, j. v. a. to 
heap up, to bring or gather together, 
pile up: acervi numorum apud latum 
construuntur, Cic ||. to put together, 
mcJce, buOd, fabricate : navem, aedifl- 
dum, id. : delubra, id. 

OOnitaprfttor. OHa, m, [oonstnpro] 
a atJiUr, debaucher: Liv. 

eon-ftnprot *^t atmn, i. v. a. to 
violate, ravish, debauch, defile (rare)^ 
matronaa, virjEines, ingenuos, raptos, 
Liv. Fig.: afiUcta re8ptU>lica est empto 
constupraloque judicio, by a venal and 
debauched court, Cic 

oon-lft&dio* 2. V. a. toadvise strongly 
(only in Plant.; : id consuadeo, PI. 

ooxifliiftsori Oris, m. [oonsuadeo3 a 
ooMnaeUor, admser : Cic 

OOn^jlLdOt *vi, I. V. n. to sweat muA 
(rare) : beatus erla ai oonsudaveria, PL 

OOntM-f idOt f!Bci, factum, |. v. a. 
[cunsneoj to aceustom, inure, habituate 
(rare) : ea ne me oclet, consuefed filiimi, 
Ter. With in/.: OaeUtlos consueladt 
ordlnes habere, aigna sequi. Sail. 

oon-ffieioo. •oe^i, suStum, j.v.a, 
and n. (the perfect forms are usu. syn- 
copated, «. g. cunsncsti, consneram, eto.). 
I, Act. (rare): to occtatoai, Miiirv, 
habuuate: tum brachia consueacunt 
flrmantque lacer (os, Lucr. ||. N e u t r. : 
to aecustom oneself, to beoome accus- 
tomed : esp. in jw/. I<ns«s : to be acctu- 
tomed, to be Kont: oonstr. usu. with 
rarely absol. With tn^. : mori. 


ic Absol. : adeo in teneria consueaoere 
multum est, Virg. In part. perf. 
(mostly poeu): conauetus In amua 
aevom agere, Fac in Cic 8. ^Ith 
cum: to have carnal intercourse with, 
to cohabit uHth (chiefly of an illidt 
amour) : quacum tut conaueaset annoa, 

MOfftitlOf Oq1*« /• [ccmsueaco] car- 
no/ intercourse : PI. 

oonfil8t(ldo« In»». /• C^-] custom, 
habit, use: ad parontltmi consnetudi* 
nem moremque dedudmur, Cic: in 
earn se conauetudlncm adduzenmt. 

ad ooosuetodinem Oraecoram 
disj^taase, c^fter the manner of the 
twTcekt, Cic. Adverbially: ex consoe- 
tudine,ypro consuetudine, and absol, 
consuetndi&e, according to custoH%,from 
hatrit, etc : Oermani celeriter ex con- 
suetudine aua phalange facta impetus 
gladiorum exceperunt, Caes. : pro mea 
oonsuetudlne, occordtft^ to my custom, 
Cic : consuetudine sua Caesar sex le* 
giones expeditaa ducebat, Caea. : ut 
est, ut fert consuetudo, at the numner 
is, as is usual: praetor Interdixlt, ut 
eat consuetudo, Cic: Ciesari renun- 
tiavenmt mi^orem pulverem quam con- 
suetudo ferret videri, Caes. 2. o 
usage or iiUom qf language (for con- 
suetudo loquendi) : consuetudird anribua 
indulgenti llbenter obaequor, dc i|. 
•sociai intercourse, companionship, Ja* 
miliarity, conversation : etam Sdpioni- 
bus erat ei domesticua usua et consue- 
tudo, id. : epistolartun, epistolary cor* 
respondence, UL: nutrlmentorum, com* 
munity. Suet. 8. intercourse in love, 
in an honourable, and more freq> in a 
dishonourable sense, an awumr, Ulia't 
intercourse: consuetudine et coi)ju|^ 
liberal! devinctus, Ter. So consuetudo 
stupri. Sail. (Hcnoe Fr. coAtume; H^l. 

OOntnitOl (in the poeta trisyL). a, 
um, /'ar<. ^L^nroescoj. ||. Adj.: 
usucd, ordinary, customary (mostly 
poet.): amor, Ter.: nt omnea laborer, 
pericula, coiiaucta habeam. Sail. 

oonflll (In old inscr. ounsol, orrc 
coBol: in plur. usually written Coss.), 
aiis. m, a consul : one of the two higfaeHl 
mogistratea of the Roman republic (v. 
Smith'a Ant. ii | seqq.) : consul ordlna- 
rius, who entered office on tkefint oj'Ja- 
ntiary.opp. to consul sufrectns,<mecAosen 
in the course of the year in the jflaee 
cf another: consul designatus, contM^ 
eUet (so called in the internal between 
election, at the beginning of August, 
and entrance on his duties, on the flrst 
of January) : consul mi^, the consul 
«r^ had the larger nusnber of votes, or 
qf diildrtn, or with whom the Fasces 
were, or who was the elder, etc : M. 
Bfaroellua ille quinouiea consul, five 
times consul, Cic in oM. w{th the 
name of the ooosuls or a consuL f'>r 
the designation qf the year : Orgetorix 
M. Meaaala et St. Plaone Coas. coi\iiu«- 
tionem fedt, in the consulship of, L e. 
A.u. tei, Caea. ||. Me ton. : o pro- 
oofitui : Liv. [Consul or con-sol, from 
the root bol, w-bich appears in sol-ium, 
sella, etc, and which b the same as sku 
In ted-«o, sed-es, sod^Us, etc. ; consulee 
are therefore tliose who sit together, 
and hence deliberate together: cf. rx* 
sul, prae-^ul, and oon-tti tttml 

OonsiilAriS; e,a4(;. [conaul] pertain- 
ing to a consul, conndar: aetaa, the age 
required by law for the consular ofice 
(vlx., the 4id year), Cic : comitia, for 
the choice of consul, Id. : exerdtus, Li%-. -. 
femina, qf a consiU, Suet : res, uorthy 
qf a consul, Liv. ||. Subat.: coo- 




loUiis, ia» m. one who hat been oonful, 
of tke ramk <if oonsvl: egreglot oou- 
tfolef habomns, 8ed tarpisouiKM oonsa* 
Iatm, Cic 8. Under the empire, a 
UgaU ttnt 6y the emperor d» governor 
into a province : T«c 

oonttUirltsTt ^^- ^^ a ooiumI, 

wnikjf of a ooneul : Liv. 

eoilfnULtllli Cto. m. [ooosnl] Me 
oMce <2f oofijttl, lAe coiuitlate or coiuwf- 
M<p: ootisuUUim pelere, Cic. : gerere, 
id. In plttr, : quinque omuoUtos eodem 
tenore Reetl, liv. 

OomtalOf •aiflit miUum, i. v. «. and a. 
iTNeutr. : to deUberaUt take coun^ 
lel; toconMer, r^jHect: oonealto <mua 
ett^Mere u need iff ddiberation. Sail: 
coonilere in longitudlnem, to take 
thought for the morrow, Ter. : in com- 
mune, for the common good^ id. : ad 
•ommam rerom consulere, to take the 
general mamagemientt Om«. : de salute 
raorum, Oc. 8. With dai. of perMm : 
to take thought for, hate regard for, 
to adviee or consult for, to connUtthe 
intereet* cf : posteritatis otio consul- 
ere, to tntwe pwee for the future, id..* 
dlgnitati meae, id. : oratum nt suae 
vitae oonsuleret, that he would ipare 
the^ Uve$, Caes. : re^pnblicae fuxta ac 
sibi. Sail. : male patriae consulere, to 
netj^t the interett* of, Nep. ||. 
Act.: withooc. of persun: tooontuU, to 
aek one's opinion or advice: quum te 
consuluisMm, quid mlhi fedendum esse 
censeres, Cic. Of things: speculum 
sutmi, Ov. With two ooe. : ibo et con- 
sulam hano rem amioos, quid faciundum 
censeant, PL : nee te id ooosulo, Cic 
8. to oonault a deitjf, a toolheayer, 
an oracle, omans, etc. : Apollinem de 
re, id. : vates nunc extis. nunc per aves 
consult!, Liv. /mpers.jKi«t.:isseprae* 
aente de se ter sortibus consnltum dice- 
bat, Caes. 8. to cemsuU a lawyer : 
3 nam inanes dnnns eorum omniuai, qui 
B jure dvili consuli aolent, Cic 4. 
Of public assemblies: senatum. SaU. 
5. With occ of things, or a clause : 
to consider, ddiberate upon : consulere 
et explorsre rem, Clo. : bis repuisi GalU 
quid agant consulunt, Gses. Also, to 
adviae eomething: tun' oonsulis quio* 
quam? Ter. |||. Me ton.: to take 
a reedulion, conclude, determine : 
constr. with de, or in with ooe.: de 
perftagiB gravius quam de f^tivis con« 
sultum, the de$aiers were punished 
moix severely than the runaway stares, 
Liv. : In humiliores Ubidinose crwiell • 
terque consulebatur, id. 8. With 
ooe. ; quid in consilfo oonsuluistis, PI. : 
in secundis rebus nihil in quemquam 
snperbe consulere decet, Liv. |V. 
With boni, optiml. and the aee.: to 
take in good part, interpret favour' 
oMy, be oontetUed or satisfied with : tu 
haeo quaeao consule mlssa boni, Ov. 
[Con-^tUrO, also written oon-sol-o. is fhim 
the same root as consul, and literally 
means *' to sit together ;" hence, ** to 

MmftlltitXOi toi^ /. [consult©] a 

det&teration, consideration, consulta- 
tion (rare): deliberatSo et oonsultatio, 
Cic In plur. : coploee de consultatio- 
nibus suls disputare, the things whiA 
art the sulbjeets of consultation, id. 
Ij. an asking of advice, constUtet- 
f ton (very rare) : tuas Uterss exspecto, 
ut sciam, quid reoMndeanl ooosultationi 
meoe, id. 8. Meton.: a sutffectfif 
oonsuUation, an inquiry : Snet 

OonfUlti* odv. deliberatdy, consi- 
dtrately, on purpose: caute atqoe oon- 
suite geata, Liv. 

OOOlllltOt <^<^« deliberately, on pur- 
pose, etc : ooosulto equites cedere jubet, 

OonsidtOt *^ atom, i. v. a. freq. 
rcon8uloT'<^*X^«cl, consider maturely, 
to consult, take counsd,, del^terate : 
anquinmt aut consultant, oonducat id 
necne de quo deiiberant, Cic With 
de, super, in, etc, : deliberare et consul- 
tare de oCBdo, id. : consultandum super 
re magna et sArod, Tac AbsoL : miole 
corde oonsultare, to m e di ta t e evil in 
the heart, PI. Pass.: ad haeo consul- 
tanda procurandaqoe, liv. ||. With 
dot. : to take care of, have a care for 
(rare): delect! (ac. Patres) reipublicae 
consultabant, 8alL |||. With ooe. : 
to consult, to ask counsel ef (rare): 
quid me consultaa ? PI. 

Oontnltor* ^rls, m. [id.] a eoHfi- 
siOMr, adviser (rare): egomet in ag- 
mine, in proelio consnltor idem et so- 
cius pericuti vobiscum adero. Sail. ||. 
he who asks counsel ef one, a eon^ 
suiter, client : sub gall! cantum con- 
suitor ubi ostia pulsat, Hor. 

OOasultriz. icls, /Jid.] she who has 
a care for, provides : Cte. 

Oonsultaflli !, M [idJaconsultaHon, 
inquiring of a dieity : Tac ||. a de- 
cree, dectsum, resolution, plan : facta 
et oousnlta fortium et sapiendtmi, Cic : 
dum oonsulta petis, oracles, divinations, 
Virg. Esp. senatus consnltum, or in 
one word senatusoonsultum, a decree qf 
the ienaU (abridged a C), Oc : for 
which, consulta Patmm, Hor. 

COnraltnit *$ ^"*^* Part [oonsnlol. 
II. Adj. : wdl<onsidered or weighed: 
toei omnia oonsulta ad nos et exquJsitla 
deferunt, Cic 8. knonying, ekUful, 
experienced, practised, esp, in law ; 
hence, subst. a lawyer: Juris con- 
sultus, id. : Juris atque eloquentise, 
liv. : consulUssimus vlr omnis divini 
atque humani Juris, id. Jbsol. .* ut 
natura non di«dplina consultus esse vi- 
deatur, Cic : tu consultus modo rust!- 
CUB. a lawyer, Hor. 

OOntllltlllf tls, m. [id.! (a rare form 
for oonsultum) ddiberatwn, prudence : 
collegae, Liv. ||. a decree: Senati, 

OOUpCTUII* f tUt ffitflrum, f 8re (rare), 
to be together with or at the same time : 
Coel. Aur. |L to 5e, to happen : confldo 
confnturum, PI. : spero confore. Ter. 

OOntUnuilO* *vi, atum, i. «. a. 
[summaj to cast or sum up : sumptus 
aediflciorum per arlthmetken, Vitr. 

Fig.: velut consummata ehis bdtt 
^caria, the aecumidateid glery, Liv. y. 
to aecomplish, Jlnish, perfeet, cow iw 
male: rem. Id. AbooL: to eomplete a 
time of service : Suet 

4)01IfS(LiiI0» aumpsi, sumptmn, |. «. a. 
lit.: totoilce lip, together, ox entirely; 
to use «w; to eaif devour: fhnneata, 
Caes.: miges consumers nati. Hor. 
H. Fig. : to consume, waste away, 
squander, destroy, etc: patrtmoniam 
per luxoriam, Cic: omaea fortunaa ao- 
dorum, Caes. : omnia flamma, id.: ooo- 
sumpaolt vpcem metos instans, Tac 
Poe t. : qnnm mare, quum terraa con* 
Bompserlt, aXra tentet, had vainly 
soufpUarrfugein,Ov. 8. Of living 
beings: to destroy, kiu: s! me vis 
aliqua morfoi aut natura ipaa coosump- 
siMet, Cic. : ezerdtum fame paene oon- 
sumptum, Oses. Sometimea. totrosfe* 
weaken, enervate : inedia et purpoioai- 
bus et vi ipeius morbi consumptus ci, 
Cic 8. Of time : to spend, pass, 
waste: magnaro partem diei. Qua.: 
omne tempus, Liv. 4. With oec. in 
with aU.. and rar. in with ooe : to use, 
employ, spend ayxm or about: pecnniam 
in agrorum emptionlbna, Cic: tota In 
duloes consument ubera natoa, Viig. 

OOnnunptXo* Onis, /. [conaumol « 
consuming, unsting, consumption : Ck. 

oonsumptori orK •»• [id.] a 

sumer, destroyer (voTj nnj: iinls 
fector et oonsumptm- omnium, Cic 

oongiimptait % imw JPo^- [c 

eom-fiiOi W, lltmn, }. v. «. to stitch 
together, to sew up (rare): tJ iii l i 'aii i, 
Varr. Fig.: consutis dolia, with em- 
eertod (ridk«, PI. (Hence It.cucirv; Fr. 
ooiidre ; part. ooMtw.) 

OOn-furgOi ■urrexi, s u rre ctum . |. «. 
n. to rise up together or in a bodjf, to 
stand up: quum Athenis India quldam 
in theatrum grandis natu venisaet ooo- 
surrexteee omnes, C^: conaurgitur ex 
oon^lio, Caes.: toro oonsorarre, Ov. 
Of things: mare imo ftindo aa aethera, 
Virg. II. With odor vfi Mid ooe: to 
rise for any (esp. a hostile; action, to 
join in a rising, insurrection, etc: oon- 
snrgere ad bellam, Liv. : in arma, Virg. 
8. Of things: to take rise: vcs- 
pere ab atro consurgunt vent!, id. 

OOniuneotlO. bnis, f. [oonsurgo] a 
standing up (as a sign of respect. etL; 
rare) : Judicum, Cic 
. oon-fiifarrOi i. v. n. to wAiitper to- 
gether: Ter. 

OOllBlltllit «! on^ Part, [ooosool. 

eon-ttbiz&oIOi l.v. a. to wade, te 
wear out: PI. 

eon-t&beSOOi Ml, j. v. n. incep. to 
waste away grxidually, to be consuwwd 
(rare): Artonisia luctn ooofiecta oon- 
tabnit, Cic 

OOnt&biU&tito, ^nia./. [oontabulo] 
a joining of boards tagetker, a Jloor- 
ing,aJloor{TTe): Caea. 

eont&bftlo. avi, atum. t. v. a. [cbb 
and tabula] to board over, to furnish or 
cooer with boards : turrea, Caea. |^ 




(0 eorert toCmn murum ex 
i ptrte uuTiboB, Id. 
OOKtabimdTISt *> ^nn, T. cuncutmn- 

««t»etas, K on. Port, Icontia^y 

tmmkttmUmeis dlrlptimU|ut d^ica, oon- 
■t oBois BMdAnt, Vtn. In 
Tiriks, Or. ||. a lottdUmg <if 
mg tmcieam, • eoittagiimt in- 
ftet^sm: vnlfitl oonUcta tar taomlDM 
■oiti, Lir. Fig.: oontaetu valentio- 
ran. Tac. JXmL : dlaoedlttt a ooouctu 
m4MdH»tBrbi6(M,ldL (Heace It. con- 

Is,/. [fcL] ooRiod, loudk: 

Soil, /. [id.1 a UmAing, 


ab ipw> iplrltii, ddnde oootacifUM pal- 
Booaa, Oc II. aUneUon, iijCw- 
mu : cnnt«gfc> natoTM vftlet. Id. |||. 

rmtaffium, wfeetkm: turn pnedpne 
o«Ci ODBtaglono Tezentar, CoL Fig.: 
if Bonl contamination: oontaglo lUioa 
Mticflit Oc: cfliBtnla, Llr. Jftfol.; 
tnoerat mntagto prDxtanoa iK^Niloa, the 

II. M. /or oontaglo Ttd.] 
:t Lner. P. taj/teftow. 
▼fdnl peoorK VIrg. /'Imt. 
agont contagla lata, Or. Fig.: 
of ttorai oontaminatiao: af^raa mentla* 
U.: tudlllor. 

a, on. Part, [eoa- 
H. Adj.: pMmted, im- 
lied: lent oonacaleratoa ooo- 
iiatiialMwiia ab India afaacuw ease, Llv. 
Mi|iUBOt *^ atom, i. v. a. fcon- 
taMajlaArSi^ tola eomtaet, to mtnaU^ 
UhmI, Miife; mnltaa Graraaa CUwIaa, 
Tfer. ■ to eemtpt, amt awui nate , d^ 
Pe, ttaSm, pottttU: nt anteponantnr 
fenem oootamtnatk, Clc : mentem 
«M toelarc, Ur. : m aangnine. Clc 
la fort ptrf,: oontaminau facinore, 

tOBtiatff » A^* *• coDetanter. 
ttlt|tlii nnia V. cunctatio. 
(mtitiiJra_ vm, delayuv. iUfttoi- 
^r T. cnaeutna. 

lajtod^etepCoto: PL 

to a t ittu it *> vn. Part [oootego^. 

MB4(g^ xl, ctom, |. V. a. to o^ccr 
•p «r aner ; locnm Uotaiak Liv. : sa 
(arbc Clc : nno tnmnlo oontegere. to 
Wy, Lhr. Fig.: qiiidam lervlll ba- 
Mto, aUl fide cllantlam oontecti. co- 
nni, wroU^oi, Tac |L to hide, 
mnaf: «m partaa oorporti conlexit 
ttpM abdldU, Oc Fig.: aperire at 
VKladera oonlecla rtrtridum partlom 

jm tJBiro, •▼*. «. «.Atoj>oBnto, 
t«ite (tary rar a); O r. 

iQli-lnUM» tiwnpai, tanptom, |. «. 
a. I» aconi, cstoon Ugkan, Md in am- 
tm/i, tamtemm, dt$pi»e, dUdain : coo- 
t««a4 M pataot (Mnea). dtapicl. lUudI, 
Qc: eontenmert miser, Hor. With 
!*«•» rVl«ct' ^ JP*< ^ imdU toltic 

tiprm tmeie\f: qui Iptua ae contemnit, 
iu eo est indoles Industriao, PI. : se non 
contemnare, to have a hi^ opinion of 
omet^t Clc. wlbsol. : nt iraacamr Judex, 
mitlgetar, Invideat, ikveat, oontemnat, 
U. Of thlngsi oopiae nequanamero 
neqne genera boodnnm cunteninendae. 
Caea.: tuom conaiUum, Ter.: populi 
vocea, Hor. With ittf, : non conteronas 
Uppiis Inungl, Id. Poet.: artxnreaoon- 
temnere veutos asauescant, Vlrg. 

eontompUtiU). Onis,/. [coniemplor] 
a vievoinQt twrvejfing^ contempUUian : 
coell, Clc. |l. Fig.: a wtental sur» 
tey, a contidenng, meditation : virtn* 
turn, Tac ilAaol. ; annuna vis Inflnitatls 
at magna ac dlllgenti contemplatlone 
dlgnlndma eat, Clc |||. re$pieett con- 
suieralton, rtgard : Uberomm. Just^ 

OOWtwnplitort oris. m. [fcl] a CON- 
temptatar, an obterwer (veiy rare) : 
coeU ac Daormn, Clc 

contanpUtnii «. nm, Piurt. [coo- 

eontempUtiUt <>•> ^ V^l ^ con* 

tidtnUion, eontempUUion^ dtiervanee 
(nx% and only In aU. ting.'\ : meque 
qpse reduce a contemplatn mall, Ov. 

eontonplo* «• <^ for oontemplor. 
Part, perf. : contemplatua, a, um : Ipse 
ab oontemplato altn Carthagtnis redlit, 

oontomploTt '^^"^ >• *• ^« rtem- 

enmj lit. to mark out a templum : Varr. 
enoe, to look upon, view attentivdy, 
to tmrey, gate upon, obterve^ coniider : 
qnum intneor et oontemplor nnimi- 
qnamqne Teatram, Clc : lot;! natnnun 
ib omnI parte, Ur.: vuUum, Ter. 
II. Fig. of the mind: to con- 
tider, oonUmplaU: propone tibl duos 
regaa, et id animo contemplare, quod 
ocnlia non potes» Clc 

eomtonipt^ <«<*• eoRtomphioiialy: 
only in oomp. : Soet. 

eontomptinit '■<'v. contompCuoiuIy. 
icon^uUy : magniflce de se ac con- 
temptim de Romanls loquentes, LIv. 

eontsmptito* Onls,/ [contemno^ a 
desfriring, contempt, scorn, diodatn : 
footitudo est dolorum l^^oromque con- 
tempdo, Clc : pecuniae. Id. : at Jam 
boaUboa In contemptionem Sabinus ve- 
niret, oaaia to be dtipioed bg ike enemy , 


eontonptiiiit <i^* ^> contempte. 

OOntcmptort oris. m. [contemno^ a 
seomer, contemner . deetnser : contemp- 
tor DIvum Metentlus, Virg. Adj. ; col 
inerat contemptor animus et superbla, 
ajproMd, diedoMnful spirit. Salt 

eontomptriz, ids, /. [id.] ake who 

dopiscf : mea. Pi. 

rtonptlijif ^ iini. Part, [oontero* 
II. A^: aeepieabU, eonlempti- 
Ms, vite : contemptos et al^tos homo, 
Clc With dot. : TrebelUua per ava- 
ritiam ac aordes oontemptua exercitni 
Invlsosqae. Tac Ooaip. : quae vox 
potest esse contempUor quam Milonls 
Crotonlatae? what tpeecheouldbe baeerf 
Clc. Svp. : contemptiaatmorum consa- 
lam lavitsa. Id. 

eontomptlUi da. «»• [i<l] a deipii' 
ing, contemning ; conteinpt, acorn: na- 
rlbus labrisque derisns, ooiitemptas. fiu»* 
tldlom signlficarl solet, Quint. : con- 
tempto Inter sodoa oomen Romanam 
laborare, Liv.: plerumque bomlnlbus 
Oallb brevitas noatra ountemptni eat* 
is cm ol^ect ^seom, Gaca. 

eoil-t0lld<K dl, turn, |. V. a. and it. to 
iiretek, etrUck out, brace up, to dra*o 
tfgkt, strain : arcom, Vlrg. : ocnli con- 
tendunt se, Locr. fi. Me ton.: of 
weapons : to shoot, kurT: Infensom baa- 
tarn. Vlrg. ||. F 1 g. : to strain, exert, 
bend: magnum onus, In quo omnea 
nervoa aetatia Induatriaeque meae con- 
tenderem. Clc: In tales anhnnm con- 
tendere curas, to bend tke mind, Ov. 

5. Neutr.: to stretch, strain, or 
strert onese^, to strive eagerlg after, 
to pursue, etc. : id sibl oontendendum 
aut allter non transducendiun exerd- 
tumexIstimabatyOses. With <ii/. : bono 
locum duabos ex partibus oppugnare 
contendit, kL With sutfj. : quanttmi 
potero voce contendam, at populns hoe 
Romanus exaudlat, Cte. 8. ^Sap. to 
eaert onetdfin per /w imina a journey or 
marck ; to strive to reoea, to jommey 
hastUy to, to hasten : constr. with 
ace iif\f,^ or aJbooL With ace. (veiy 
rare) : quls bic est, qui recta platea cur- 
sum bic contendlt suum? PL With <f^. 
(freauent): Bibracte ire contendlt, GaM. 
.^Idsoi.: in Italiam magnls Itlneribas 
contendlt, id.: domum, id. Fig.: 
magna spectare Atqoe ad ea rectis sto- 
dib contendere, Clc 4. to strive, 
dispute, fight, contend against, vie with : 
constr. with cum. contra, or advemts, 
the dot., inter with pron. r^/Ceet., or 
obsol. ! cum magnia legionlbos parva 
manu, SalL : contra populnm Rom. ar- 
mla, Caea.: contra vim gravlutemque 
mort)!, Cic : hi qunm tantopere de po- 
tentatu Inter se multoa amioa oonten- 
derent, Oaes. : rapldo contendere carsn, 
Virg. Pom. »«u)frs..> summo Jure con- 
tenditur. Clc With dot. (poet.) : hi- 
rundo Cygnis, Lucr. 5. ^ compare, 
contrast: constr. with ace., cum, or 
oftsol. (poet, with ad or dot.): cm- 
tendere Id com defenslone nostra, Clc. : 
vellera poiantia Aqulnatem fbcmn 61- 
donlo oatro, Hor. : contendefe ipeas 
causas. quae inter ae confllgunt, Clc 

6. to ask, solicit, beg earnestly: 

nm a ma peteret et summe couten- 
t, at suum propinqoom defenderem. 
Id. ^, to hold out, assert, affirm 
earnestly, to maintain, contend : with >. 
ate. and i^f. : sic ego hoc contendo, me 
tibi Ipal adveraarlo, CT\}uscumque tribua 
ratlonem popoeoeris. redditunun, id. 

OOntantii odv. [contendo^ uilh great 
eaeriion, earnestly, vehemently: con- 
tents dloere, Cic 

OOntentii odv. [cootlneo] clo^y, 
sparingly, scantily (rare) : aliquem arte 
contenteque habere. PI. 

oontentitOt bn\i, /. [contend^ a 
^retching, a straining, exertion, ejfort, 
an eager striving for: contentloetsum- 





ini«sti> vocis, the raising and dropping 
of the i-oioe, Cic. : quein qnnm maxima 
roDtenlione noo potuisset extnhere. 
Id. : libertatift dignitatisqne, lir. ||. 
a conUst, utri/V, a fight, disjmUt cxm- 
troverMy: In bit contenUonibas. quas 
Aedal cum Sequanis babuerant. Goes.: 
bis erat Inter se de prindpatu oontentlo, 
id. III. a comparison, contrast: si 
conteatio quaedam et comparatio fiat, 
Cic. In rbetoric : a oontratting of oik 
tttou^ wUk ofiofAer, an antitkaxt : id. 
OOnten^aSt *• um, P(Mrt. [cootendo]. 
II. MJ' •' strained, tense, ti(^t : qui 
jam contento, Jam laxofune laborat, Hor. 

2. Fig.: ea^', intent: ad tribn- 
natum contento studio curauque veuia- 
mus, Cic 

OOntentoSi *• vm, Paai. [oontineol. 
II. ■^^' • contenUd, satisfied: iviui 
aU.; nreiyabsol.; after the Aug. per. 
very frcq. with the it\f. : contentus tuia 
rebus, etc.: pauds contentus, Hor. 
AbsoL : Don modo contentus esses, sed 
melius non quaereres, Cic. With if{f. : 
Irrltare. Ov. 

OOn-tonxiIxilUlt ^ on^ a^- border- 
ing ttpon, neighbouring: with dot.: 
moms fonti. Ov. ||, Subst. : con- 
terroinum, i, n. a confine, border: in 
longinqua et oouterminaScytliiae fngam 
maturuvit, Tac 

OOn-tSrOt trlvi. tzltnm, |. v. a. to 
rtib together, grind, bruise, pound, to 
erumHe: comua cervi, Ov. ||. Me« 
ton.: to rub doum, vear out, watte, 
destrojf: conteritur femun, silices tenu- 
antur ab usu, id. : oonteris tu tua me 
oraUcme muiier, vou weary me with 
your talk, PI. 2. Of time : to spend, 
pass, waste: with in and abl.: vitam 
atque aetatem mearo in quaerendo, 
Ter.: aeUtem in liUbus. Cic. With 
abl. : totum hunc diem cursando atque 
ambulando, Ter. : diei brevitatem con- 
vlviis, longitudlnem noctis stnpris et 
flagitils. Cic. Transf. to the person : 
se in musicis, geometria. conterere, id. 

3. or other obJ<>cts; operam fhislra, 
Ter. Fig.: i^Jurias oblivione, to ob- 
literate from the memory, Cic. 

oon-terreOi tu. itnm, a. v. a. to 

frighten, scatr, dcutnt, terrify: cervus 
vennntnm subito vocibus conterritus, 
Phaedr. : atro.x ingenitun accendernt eo 
lacto nmgls quam contermemt, Liv. 

pon-tMtori Atus, I. V. dtp. to call to 
tpitneit: deos bominesque, Cic. ||. 
Le^l 1. 1. : litem, to enter on a law- 
suit by coiling witnesses, id. Part, 
perf. in pass. ««nse: contestata lite, 
id. 2. e n. : to give evidence, afiirm, 
etc. Part. perf. in )iasa. sense : ab bac 
perenni contestataque virtute miOoram, 
axcrtdited, proved, id. 

0On-t6X0« x^» xtum, i. V. a. to 
weave, enttHne, braid, or join together: 
quid oves allud affierunt, nisi ut earum 
vilUs conneclU atque oontextis homines 
vestiAntur? Gc: haec (tigna) directa 
materie Injecta contexebantur, Cues. 
2 Fig.: qnid est aetas hominis, 
nisi memoria renun Teterum cum su- 


e riorum aetate contexitur i Cic ||. 
eton.: to bind together, to compote, 
make, construct, form: equum trablbus 
acemia, Yirg. : crimen, to contrive, in- 
vent, de. 

OOntSrtS* ^^^ ^ <* eonnactod man- 
ner, in close connection : Cic. 

OOnteX^USt ^ ^ii°* P*irt' [contexo]. 
II. ^4}' ' cohering, connected : oon- 
Cexta cottdensaque coipora, Lucr. 

OOntextOSt Cb, m. [id.] a binding or 
putting together, a connection : eorum 
cuntextum vis deberet dissolvere, Lucr. 
II. Fig.: connection, coherence, ar- 
rangement: mirabilia est apud iUos 
(k. Stoioos) oontextus reruro, Cic : ce- 
ieromm casus conatusque in contextu 
operis dicemus, in the progreu, Tac. 

OOntitoMOO (conUdsco, Pi.), tlcOi, }. 
V. incep. [taceo] to become stUL, keep 
silence: sed ooutidscom. nam audio 
aperiri fores, PI.: conticuit Ivra, Hor.: 
cunticuere omnes, Virg. ||. Fig. : to 
become stUl or quiet, be at rest, to 
abate, cease : artes not trae, Cic : acti- 
ones tribunidae, Liv. 

OOntitoInlumi i* «*• foonUcesco] the 
first part of the ntgkt, Oie evening : Pi. 

ecmtioisco* ^' conticcsco. 

OOnugn&tilOi Oni^, /. [contigno] a 
joining of beams, a rdftenng or floor- 
ing; a story, fioor: Caes. : bovem in 
tertiam contignatiooez^ sua qionte 
scandlsse, Liv. 

OOntiffllOt no petf., atnm, i. «. a. 
rtignunijto join logger uritk beams, 
to rafter, floor (rme): Caes. 

OontitgnilBt a. am, o^y. [contlngo]. 
I. Act.: touching together, adjoin- 
ing, bordering upon, neighbouring, 
near: Pyramus et Thisbe contignas te- 
nuere domos, Ov. ||. Pass.: that 
may be touched, within reach: faunc 
tiU contiguum missae fore credidit 
liastae, Virg. 

eontifneilBt entis. Part, [contineo^. 
11. Adj. : I it. holding together ; hence 
bordering upon, contiguous, a^ljacent : 
aer man, Cic : CapfNidodae pan oa, 
quae cum CiUcia oontinens est, id. 
Absol.: (Moripi) continentes sllvas ac 

Eilndes babel^nt, Caes. Of time : fol- 
wing : oontinentibus diebus, id. F i g. : 
timon perpetuo ipsum malum oontinens 
f\iil, foUotved at iU heels, Liv. 2. 
holding together, connected, uninter- 
rupted: oontinens agmen migraiiUum, 
id.: bella, Gacs.: e contlnenti genere, 
in continuous descent, Cic : terra, the 
mainland^ continent, Nep. Hence 
subst. continens, entis, /. (ablat. in 
< and fi^ continent: Caes.: Liv. 
8. continent, moderate, temperate 
(rare) : contiiientlor in vita bominum 
quam in pecunia, Caes. : Epaminoiidaa, 
Nep. i^ttp.: continentisslmi homines, 
miOores nostrl, Cic 4. In rhetoric, 
subst.: ctmdnens, entis, n. that on 
tcAicft something depends, the chirf 
point, hinge : causae, id. 

OOntibiantori odv. continuously, in 
unbroken succession : continenter sede- 
tU insulsi. Cat Of time : continuously. 

without interrnqpUom: continenter lota 
nocte ierunt. Cms. ||. feaipcrolctjr. 
Modemtotjf (rare) : v|vere.Clc 

0(mtibl«lLti[a» Mf /• C<»ntinena3 a 
hoid&tg in, repre$$ing : Crqdtna v«iitnB, 
Suet. II. Fig. : o holdimg in, or emrb- 
ing of one's desires, <Umtemimitmtt, 
continence, temperance, moderatiam : 
cuntinentia est, per quam cnptdkas 
oonaiUi gub^nadone regitur, Cic : seki 
miUte m«destiam et oootinentiain dtai- 
derare, Caea. 

OOn-ttaSOf ftlf tentom, t.v.a.MxAm. 
rteneo]. Act.: to hold together, keQt 
in a mass, bind, eonneet: muodss 
omnia oomplexu sno coeroet et oood- 
net, Cic Fig.: omnes artea oocnatioia 
quadam inter se continentor. Id. ||. 
to Insep tfi, ZnnhuI, eneomjMUS, etc.: re- 
Uqnum spatium mons ooatinet, Caca.: 
undique lod natura Hel\-etii cootinec" 
tur. id. III. to hold ufithin, amtaim, 
comprise, involve : nt omnia, quae alan> 
tur et crescant, contineant in st vIb 
caloris, Cic : comitia curiata rem nili* 
tarem omtlnent, Liv. In jxus. with 
abl.: to be contained in, be eo mp ooe d 
of, consist of, etc : non enfm vcttb et 
ncr\is et oasibas oootinentnr (Dli). art 
not cased in by, Cic JV. to keep to- 
aether, hold fast, Igecp from stra y i mg , 
hold up, svtpport, etc : quoad coottBO- 
isset exerdtum, Liv. : oootlne moaao 
caput, hold up your head. Pi. Fig. : 
remos reliquosque Belgaa in offldo. 
Caes. : te in exerdtatiooe, ken yom at 
work, Cic V. ^ '^^ within, ke^ 
close, keep in a place; tndose, oo*;^E«c: 
nt diutius sub peUibos milites contiacri 
non posaent, Caea.: ooplas in castris, 
id.: nigtdns agrioolam si qoaido con- 
tinet imber, keeps within doors, Mr. 
2. to hold in, keep badt, draw bati\ 
detain, restrain: ora ft«nia oontlDet 
Bpumantibus, Fhaedr. : aspedn contar- 
ritus haesit, continnltque gradnm. Virg, : 
stos a proelio, Caes. : quorum e^o rix 
aba te manus ae tela contineo, keep of 
from, Qc 8. to check, curb, repress : 
quid eat negotii eos contioere, qidba>« 

Sraesis, si te ipse oonUneas, id. S. 
feutr.: lo keep together (sa verb, fimit, 
extremely rare): utroque coomieatia 
oontinet, PI. 

OOn-tingOt tIsU tactnm. 3. v. a. aod 
n. [tnngol." Act.: totouch, take koU 
of, seist : fadledbum tenestrem rostiis. 
Cic: fUnemmauu,ViTg.: dextraa eo:- 
Bulum, to touth the hand, shake hamdt , 
Uv. 2. *o «a<> partake ef, toslc 
(poet): neque llUnc aodeat esnrfans 
dominus conungere granum, Hor. : dbos 
ore, Ov. II* C^' be near or cemtiguomi, 
border upon, eztemd to: Helvi, qid flne« 
Arvemomm oontiugnntOaea.: in salra 
Vesdno Falemnm oooUngente agmnu 
Liv* III. ^ e^tain to, comis to, arrive 
at, meet ukth, etc (mostly poet): qui 
stndet optatam cnrsu contin^re metan. 
Hor. : Italian!, Virg. : am«s, Ov. : aeri 
continoere florem, to reocA the fUmer 
<if age, Lucr. |V. Fig. : to touch, to 
sties upon: quam me manifwata lUAht 





ing day and nt^^, Tae. : dapet, Hor. : | 
pftci extemte oonfesUm ooDtbraator 
discordia doml, Ltv. 

OOntibliillSi % nm* o4f« [oontineo]. 
Of space : KtAdimg iogeiher, unbroken, 
wntinuouM: montes. Hor.: Rheniu uno 
alveo ooDtiooaa» Tac Fig.: qnam 
fluxernnt plures ooQtinuae tiaiuLatl- 
ooes,Cfc 2, Sabst.: oonUmius, i, 
m. he tcho <i tiUtayt about one, an at* 
tendant : prindpiB, Tac. ||. Of time : 
nieoeitiee, following, running on, con- 
tinwnui ex eo die dies oootinnoa qoin* 
que, for five dayt running, Caet. : aii> 
DM prope quinqnaginta continuoa, Cic : 
postulandis reta tarn conUnuiu annas 
ftalt, unceating^tf occupied, Tac. ||l. 
0fevent8,eie.: iuoee$$tve,uninterruptid: 
belUL.Llv. : inoommoda, Oes. 

OontitOt ^i>> /• [poai conventio: 
frequentlj written concio^ and erro- 
neooslr derlTed from condeo^. Lit. 
a coming together ; bence, an astembly, 
a meeting, in general. A contio at Borne 
was an assembly of the people convened 
by a magistrate for tbe purpose of in- 
ducing the people to support or <^ipose 
a measure whidi was to be brought 
before the comltia, v. Smith's Ant. 
ii6: advocat oootionem, habet oratio- 
nem talem consul. Cic : advocare oon- 
tionem popuU, SalL : mllitum. Gaes. : 
advocare populnm in contionem, liv.: 
plebem ad contionem vocare, id. : lau- 
dare allquem pro cimtlone, btfore the 
atiembled army. Sail. ||. Heton. : 
a dticoursr. oration btfare an auemUy 
qf the people, ocj^an army : 1^ con- 
Uonem tuam, Cic. : oontkmem spud 
miUtes habuit, Caes. 8. a tribtme, 
Toetrum (rare): ascendere in contionem, 

eonti[9n&lmndnti a. mn. adg. [con- 
Uonorj haranguing in a public a«««m> 
bly: naec prope omtionabandns dr- 
cumibat homines, Uv. 

eontitdnUiSi e, adi. [contio^ hdong- 
ing to or suitable for a public assembly : 
contionaUs prope clamor senatns, Cic. : 
senex. a moo orator, demagogue, Liv. 

contldnftllnt. a. mn, ad^. [id.] of 
or suited to a pttblie (usembly (veiy 
rare) : populus, Cic 

OOXLUdn&tOTi Orfe, «».[cootionor] an 
haranguer of the people: in a bad sense, 
a demagogue, an agitator: Cic 

OOXladnor* ^tus, i. «. dep. [oontlo] 
to be convened in an cusembly, Jo farm 
an assembly (rare), Liv. ||, to deliver 
an oration to a public assembly : apnd 
milites. Caes. : ad popnlimi, Suet, with 
ace. and in fin.; C. CaU> contlonatus 
est, comitia haberi non situmm, declared 
b^ore the peoplr, Cic |||. In geu.: 
to dedare publicly, publish, wiake knoum 
(rare) : fcf. 

OontitiuiolUAf M, /. dim. [id.] a 
$hort harangue to the people : Cic 

COn-toUo* i> ^- o* old form for coo- 
fero, to bean contoUam gradum, PI. 

OOn-tdxiat* «• impers. it thunders 
hearUy: contonat Ibl contlmto soniin 
maximo^ it thunders away there, PL 

c«tjgitr Ov.: qooa in allqua sua for- 
ton pobUcae qxioque ooadngebot cura, 
IJT. ft to touch with poUutum, 
staim, defjf, etc (generally in part, 
ferf.): eoDtacta civitaa rabie doorum 
jBtrcnam, id. : eqni candidi et nullo mor- 
tan opera oontactl, Tac 8. <o ^ 
tsMseeted wHk or related to, to con* 
flCTB.- at quSsque tarn foede interemptot 
sot propinqui&aie ant amldtia continge- 
tat, Uv.: deoa qnonlam proplus con- 
tbgis. SUMS you are more intimate 
viU the groat, Hor. : Sabinum modico 
m ooQtingere. to have little intercourse 
with, Tac : b*ec consultatio Romance 
alhUo(nuingU,ooMC«nufio<,Liv. B. 
5«otr.: to happen to, to b^aU, faU 
(o one's lot: and absioL: to turn out, 
esme to pass, succeed : with dtU. : cnl 
tsm sobito tot oontigerlnt commoda, 
Ter.: si contteerit ea vit« sapienti, 
Ck. With inf.: non culvis bomlni 
octingit wiire Cortnthum. Hor. With 
nty.: quod mmquam opinatus ful. id 
endglt, ni salvl potiremur domum, PL 
MssC : hanc ml expetivi ; contigit. 
Ter. : qanm id minus oontingeret, leges 
nat inventae, Cic. 8. to adjoin, 
ksrder upon : with dot. or inter : it* 
Kt radices roontis ex utraque parte ripae 
taamis oontingant, Caes. 

fim-tingft (tingno), J. v.a. to wet, 
m ei t tm : lac parco sale, to sprinkle, 

•OBtSniiAtiOf ^nia, /. [oontinno] an 
•stvofeN series, connection, oontinuO' 
tftw, SMceession: continuatlo sertesque 
irnm. Cue. : Imbrtum, Caes. ||. In 
zWtoric: a period: Oc 

WBtJnftOi ^^- ysithout any inter- 
rufUfm, immediately. forthwith, direct- 
ly* without dday : often with the par- 
ses QU,ut, poatquam, simulac, qnum, 
dc: nU p r imum temm tetigimus, con- 
daao dekgit vims, PL : si quid narrare 
ooctpL conttnoo dari tiU verba censes, 
T«r.: rcmttono consiUum dimlsit (<j. 
^laxisiaf). simulac roe viderit, Cic: 
qood hdiet, noD lubct Jam Id oootinno. 
tk* mat moment, iukwusdiately, PL ||. 
b denying an inferenoe : with a ne- 
pttve : not necessarily, not as an im- 
mediate oomsequence: non continuo si 
y to gregem sica^lonun contuli, sum 
■toKrin^ Cic. And in questions imply* 
faigadsilal: si malo caraat, conlinoooe 
frnttarrammoboDO? kL 
. €OBtIaAp« avi, atom. i. r. a. and m. 
[coQtinmi^ |. Act.: Of space: to 
wals in a line with, make all in one, 
'''^on,toeonnoet,wniU. With do^. or 
*w. ; (acr) mari oontinuatus et junctns 
**ttCk.: latns laterl, Ov.: StOunlbus 
S^t'vaa gentet oontinuantur, border 
*f^ are not to, Tac AbsoL: iUos 
"** •» a nt arapUua domoa continnare, 
*• erwi Ml rvtrs, .Sail. : contlnuare ftm- 
^ to buy ooRlipMMtt plots of ground, 
**■ It Of time : to keep up, keep 
•a ooimg^ to eontwue uninterruptedly, 
"»*>•»< thing after another,^ to Join 
*'>fdker: iter die et nocte, Caes.: diem 
XTwn q u e pocando. to keep on drink- 

OOntor* ▼• cunctor. 

OOn-torqnSOf torsi, tortum, 2. V. a. 
to whirl, twist, or twirl about, brandish ; 
to kisrl or rott along: animal <nnne 
membra qnoeumque vult flectit, contor- 
quet, Cic: ountcnslt laevas proram ad 
undas, Virg. : insane contorquens vor- 
tice silvaa Eridanus, uihiAing them 
round in its raging eddy, kL : cuspi* 
dem lacerto, Ov. Fig.: quam rheto- 
rloe! quam copkMel quas sententlas 
colUgit ! quae verba contorquetl Cic. 

OOntortdt ^^' intricatdy, perplean 
edly, obscurely .* dicere, Ck. 

OOntortfo* <^Qis,/. [oontorqneol a 

whirling round: aextrae, Auc Her. 

II. oil wtertwining, intricacy, 

complication : contortionea orationiii, 


OOntortOT) CHa, m. [kL] a perverier : 
legum, Ter. 

OOlUortiUllBt *> am, adj. dim. [con* 
tortu^ sometthat complicated or in- 
trioate: Cto. 

eontortftpUo&tnt, a. mn, adj. [con- 
tortus plico] entangled, intricate: V\. 

OOntortOI* a* um. Part, [contor- 

queoj. II. Adj.: powerful, vehement, 

energetic : contort* et acris oratio, Ck. 

8. involved, intricate, perplexed: 

oontortae et diflSciles rea, id. 

ecmtriU odv. and prep, (from con, 
like in-tra, ex-tra, d-tra, nl-tra, eto.). 
It originally designates the position of a 
place parallel to another, and forming 1*a 
counterpart, and hence means om* 
against, facing : it* figuraUve applica- 
tion is to aoUons regarded as corre- 
sponding or opposed toothers, or as their 
antitheses ; finally, it designates a hoiu 
tile oonfh>ntiag. A. ^^' • Of place : 
eter against, on ike opposite side, oppo- 
site to: Jam omnia contra drcaque lK)t>- 
tiiun plena erant, liv.: contra elata 
marl reiqwndet Onosia tellus, Virg. : 
Stat contra starique Jubet, Juv. ||. 
Of actiovu : L Correspondence : in 
return, in reply, etc: quae me amat. 
quun contra amo, PL : qnum liic nu- 
ipitur, contra nugari lubet, id. 2. 
Opposition : against, on the contrary, 
just the reverse: at hi miseri, sic contra 
illi beati, Ck. : cognosoere quid bonl 
ntrisque aut contra esset. Sail. With 
atque (ae) or quam: otherwise than, 
contrary to what: contra atque essct 
<Uctum, contrary to what had been ap- 
pointed, Caes.: fsctnm est mea culpa 
contra quam tu mecum egeras, Cic 
jam mini auro contra constat fllins» 
weighed against gold, or eguol to gold,. 
PL 8. Hostile opposition: contra 
facere. Ter. : patridi contra vl resii<- 
tunt, Liv. B, Prep, with ace.: Of 
place : over against, opposite to, facing: 
ci^tts (insubie) unum latns est oontm 
Galium, Caes.: castellnm loco edito 
contra arcero objedt, Ltv. ||. O^ 
actions, opinions, etc. : against, contrary 
to: contra natnraro, Cic: opinionero. 
Caes. : spem. Sail. : contra ea, on (Ae 
contrary, on the other hand. Com. 8. 
Of boatlle oppoaition : against : omnes 





BelgM ooDtra popalnm Ronunnm con- 
jonMe, id. : oootra omnia did oportere 
et pro omnibiu, Clc: contra pericnU et 
insidias flrmisslmoa, SalL C. In 

compoonds, contra sen. contains tbc 
idea of hostile oppodtion, as in otmtra- 
diuo and its derivr., contraeo, contra* 

eontraotlOt Oai«, /• [oontxaho] a 
drawing to/frther, controetiom : con- 
tnctio et porrectio digilonun, Cic ||. 
Fig.: an abridging ftkortaUngtObriaff' 
ment: paginae, id. 

o(mb«eti[imoiUa« m, /. dim. [oon- 

tncVk>}\iUad*gktmntraetion: Fig.: 
animl, d^eetion, tadneu : Cic 

eontraotnif ^ lun* l*ort. [contrabo^. 
II. JU{}.: contraettd^ cUme^ nanwo, 
abridged^ limited, etc : contraclior ig- 
nis, tmaller, Locr. : aeqnora, Uor. : par- 
vtim opmculom lucubratmn bis jam 
contrac^oribns noctibns, Cic Fig.: 
panpertas. stinUd, Uor. 

oontrft-dlooi xi. ctnm, j. v, n. to 
*peak against, gaimajf, amtradicL 
With dot : sententUs aliomm. Tac. 

eontrftdiotlOt Onis. /. [contradioo] 
a gainsaying, a rtfUy, dfjtdkm, oonCra* 
dietfton: Tac 

eom-trUlOt 3d, ctnm, j. v. a. to draw 
•r bring togtikm; to coUect, assemble, 
gather: eofaortcs ex flnidmis regionibus, 
Caes. : onmes oopios Lnoeriam, Cic 
II. to draw up, draw dose, ti^Uen, 
shorten, contract, abridge, dim%ni^ : 
pnlmones tnm se oontirahont aqpiiantes, 
torn resptratn dilatant, kL: castra, 
Caes. : oontrahere taiigida vela, to draw 
tn,Hor.: si nontrahit orbem (Inna), Ov. 
8. Fig.: to draw in, to cheek,rt- 
strain^ sadden: te rogo, ne contrahas ac 
demtltas antmuro, let not your spirits 
faU, Cic : cupidinem. Hor. |||. *o 
bring on, bring about, cause, make, get, 
catch, etc. : belhmi Sagnntinis, liv. : 
aliqnid^damni, Cic : porca oontrscta, 
d«« for the expiation of a crime, id. 
2. to do biminess wUh, to make a 
contract, concUtde a (ain|;Miin : ' in tri- 
boendo suum cuSqae et rerom contrscta- 
rum fide, id. : and, gen. : to have to do 
wWi : controtiere nihil com popnlo, id. 

OOXltrftrId» o^- ^^ <m opposite di- 
rectum or manner: oontimrie aideca pro* 
oedentia, Cic 

oontrftriot ^> coutrarlus. 

Oontr&rlnB) a. um, a4j. [contra] 
Ijfing over against, frontvna, o^osite 
(rare) : collls adv<ersus bote et con- 
trarins.Caes. I|, In gen.: opposite, 
contrary, opposed. With gen. : bujus 
igitur vlrtads contraria est viUositas, 
Clc. With dot. : color albo, Ov. With 
inter and pron. reflect. : oratlones inter 
se oontrariae Aescbinis Dcmostbenis- 
que, Cic With act eontrariaro decer- 
nebat ac panlo ante dcCTeverat, id. 
Absol. : dam vltant stnltl vitla, in oon- 
trsria corrant, Hor. : dispntandnm est 
de omni re in oontrarias partes, on both 
sides, Cic Adverbially, ex oon- 
trario, on the contrary, on the other 
hand: Caea.: Cic: and e contrarto: 


^pP* III. iniwUeal, hurtful, per* 

nicious, etc (mostly poet., or in post- 
Aug. |vose): Avema avibns cmctis 
contraria, dangerous, destructive, Locr. : 
saepe quos ipse alneri^ tlbi inveniri 
maxime contrarios, hottiis, Ftiasdr. 

eontreet&bniter. ode. with fed- 

ing: Locr. 

eontreet&tiOi Onia, /. [oontrscto] a 
touching, contact (very rare): equae, 

eon-treetOy *vi, atom, i. v. a. [tne- 
toj (a(otic^Aand{e:pectora,Ov. ||. 
to touch all over, to search: ne feminae 
praetextatiqne poeri et poellae oon- 
trectarentnr, Soet |||. to toudk car- 
nally, to have illicit intercourse with: 
PL: Suet. Me ton.: contrectata flUa- 
rom pudidtia, violated, dishonoured, 
Tac. IV. Fig.: nudare corpus et 
contrectandnm vnlgi ocnlis permlttere, 
Tac : disoerptA contrectant, Cic : mente 
Toluptales, to consider, weigh. Id. 

oon-trimiicOf m&l* h '«. n. snd a. 
incep. I. Neutr.: totremUeoU over. 
to quake (rare) : tota mente atque omni- 
bus artnbus, Clc Fig.: ci^us In mea 
causa nunquam fides virtusque centre- 
muit, t. «. have never w a ver m , id. ||. 
Act.: to tremble at sometking,be<!^iraid 
qf: periculum. Hor. 

OOntrtoOt Alt i- V. n. to trewtbte 
greatly (rare) : Poet in Cfc. 

oon-trlbiio* tii. atom, j. v. a. to put 

in the same tribe, or in the same list, 
lot, etc* to enrol, class, incorporate, 
bring together. With cum: Oso^nses 
et Calaguritanl, qui erant eum Oaoen- 
sibns contribnti, Caes. With dot.: 
Ambradam quae tum contribnenit se 
Aetolis. Liv. With in: in unam urbero 
contributi, id. With ad: urbes ad 
coodendam Megalopolim ex concilio 
Arcadum oontributae, id. ||. to bring 
into a common stock, to contribute: 
nee non Sperdieides undae contribuere 
aliqnid, Chr. 

OOnMbfltnit '^ ^nn. Pari, [coo- 

OOncriftOt «v1,atum, i.v.a. [tristis] 
to make sad or sorrtmful, to aMict: 
ctmtristavit haec ftententia BaTbura, 
Coel. in Cic. Poet.: (Sirins) laevo 
oontristat inmine coelom, Virg. ||. 
Meton.: to darJten, make gloomy, 
becloud, bedim, etc. : Auster pluvlo 
frigore ooelum, id. : inversum oon- 
tristat Aquarius annum, Hor. 

OOntxftlUf % tun, ParL [oontero]. 
II. Adj. : worn out, trite, contmon : 
oontritum proverbium vetustate, Cic 

eontrdvenlaf m. /• [cootroversus] 

a turning against, an attadet Ulp. 
II. a civu lawsuit: omnia judida 
aut dUtrabendarum oontroversiamm aut 
puniendorum malefldorum causa re- 
perta sunt, Cic. |||. Qen.: a de- 
bate, dispuiA, quarrd, cont r o v e r s y : rem 
in controversiam vocare, id.: rem de- 
dacere in controversiam, Caes.: slue 
controversia, without contradiction, be- 
yond dispute, Cic. 

ooatr0ytiiI5fiii} •> vm, 04^'. Cooo* 


(rare): res. LIT. 

■ eontrt-Tomiflt *t ^™. ^d;. L 

Pass.: that i* the stOfjeet of dispute, 
controverted, dinmled: id sumere pro 
certo. quod dnbinm controvtrmmqin 
slt« Cic: ampidum, liv. ||. Act.: 
litigiMU, quarrelsome: quod fsset acuta 
ilia gens (sc. Sknlonun) et oootroversa 
natnra, Qc [Omtrs and versus: con- 
tro appears only in compositkn, but is 
related to contra as iriro, citra, uUro, 
to intra, etc : cf. im tr m sum ."] 

00&-tr&eIdO. »▼!> Atom, f . «. a. to 
hew or cut to pieces, to cut dotm, 
slaughter, slay (rare): deUUtato cor> 
pore et contrnddato se ak^Jedt exaai- 
matos, Cic Pig.: hi rempobllcara 
oontmddavemnt, have butdur«d the 
commonwealth. Id. 

eOlUtrfldOf •l,sum, |. v. a. to thrust 
together, press in: nnbes In anom, 
Lncr.: aliquos In balneas. Ck. 

eon-tnmeoi «▼!* i. v. a. to Aodb to 

pieces, oU down (rare) : fllios. PI. 

OOntrtttOf* •. vm,Part. [cootrTMlo]. 

OOntftlMniJUif* is><OMin.XcootQber- 
niumj. I. Milit. t: t. a tent-com- 
panion or comrods (nso. ten men and 
a decanus In <me tent) : Cic. : v. Stailtfa's 
Ant. 116. 8. a yousig man wkoac- 
eompatnied a general, in order to team 
tkeartafwar: foltinCreta contnber> 
nails Satuniini. id. ||. In gen.: a 
comrade, companion, mate : UU cootn- 
bemalem in oonsnlato. Id. 

eontftbemlnni* u, n. [uberna] 

companioMhip in a tent, • direO^ 
together in a teni : Tac 8, Ms 
aooo mp anying if a general, m snf r 
to leeam the art pf war: (^: is In 
contnbemio patrts Ibidem