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Full text of "Athenae Oxonienses : an exact history of all the writers and bishops who have had their education in the University of Oxford : to which are added the Fasti, or Annals of the said University"

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1r9LI 



ATHENE OXONIENSES 



THE 



THIRD EDITION, WITH ADDITIONS. 



VOLUME THE SECOND. 



T. Beiuley, Printer, 
Bolt Coun, Fleet Street, London. 






y 



ATHENE OXONIENSES. 

AN 

EXACT HISTORY 

OF ALL 

THE WRITERS AND BISHOPS WHO HAVE HAD THEIR EDUCATION 
IN THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. 

TO WHICH ABE ADDED 

THE FASTI, 

OB 

ANNALS OF THE SAID UNIVERSITY. 

BY 

ANTHONY A WOOD, M. A. 

OF MERTON COLLEGE. 

A NEW EDITION, WITH ADDITIONS, 

* AND A COHTINDATIOM 

By PHILIP BLISS, 

FELLOW OF ST. JOHn'S COLLEGE. 



^"i^ 



VOL. IL 



t ^rt'^ 



— — ^i y ^ 

AntufVLom exquirite matrem. Viroil. y^ I 



LONDON: 

PRINTED FOR F. C. AND J. RtVTNGTON; LACKINGTON ALLEN, AND CO.; PAYNE AND FOSS; WHITB, 

COCHRANE, AND CO.; LONGMAN, HURST, REES, OKME, AND BROWN; CADELL AND DAVIES; 

J. AND A. AECH; J. MAWMAN; black, PARRY, AND CO.; R- H. EVANS; J. BOOTH; 

R. BALDWIN AND CO. LONDON: AND J. PARKER, OXFORD. 

1815. 



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ATHENiE OXONIENSES. 



THE 



HISTORY 



OF THE 



WRITERS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, 

FROM THE YEAR OF OUR LORD, 1500. 



ILLIAM BUR- 
TON, a native of 
the city of Win- 
chester, was edu- 
cated in Wyke- 
iiain's school 
there, ndinittcd 
|)cri)etual fellow 
of New college, 
1563, and left 
that house after 
he had taken one 
degR'e in arts. 
This person I 
take to be the same A\ ill. Buiron who was n mi- 
nister in ]$nstol, and afterwards at Reading in 
Berks, and author of these things following. 

Several Sermons, ns (1) Sermon preached at 

Nurwich 21 Dec. 1,589, on Jer. 3. 14. Lond. in 

oct. (2) David's Evidence: or, the assurance of 

God's Love, in 7 Sermons on Psal. 41. 11, 12, IS. 

Vol. II 




Lond. 1592. oct. l602. qu. (3) J Caveat for Sure- 
ties, two Serin, at Bristo/, on Prov. 6. /"rom 1 to 
the 5 verse. Lond. 1593. oct. lG02. qu. (4) The 
rousing of the Sluggard, in 7 Sermons, on Pmv. 6. 
from O to the 1 1 verse. Lond. 1595, oct. (5) Ser- 
mons on the Church's l^ovc to Christ her Hn^hand, 
on Cant. 3. I, 2, 3, 4. Lond. 1595. oct. and UkYi. 
qu. these Sermons are cntit. God's It'iyoinj; hit 
Church, (fi) David's Thanksgiving for the arraign- 
ment of the Man of Earth, tiro Sermonn on Psal. 
10. 17, 18. Lond. [IJtKi, 4to.] 1598. oct. [UckU. 
8vo. E. 34. Til.] dedicated to sir \V'ill. IVriaui, 
knight, lord chief baron of tlic Lxchequor, a fa- 
vourer of the author's inusc. (7) Ten Seramns oh 
Mallh. 5. 3, 4. Lond. 1602. qu. (8) The Anutomif 
of Belial, in 10 Sermons on Prm. <i. 12, 13, 14, l.i. 
Loud. l602. (|U. dedio. to Ralph V\'ar<-upp of 
English in Oxl<)rd>iiire, esq; a great favourer of 
the author. (9) The Cluislian's Heavenlif Sarri- 
fce, on MctUh.ti. 19,20,21. Lond. l608."oct. de- 
dicated to'sir Drue Drurv, knight. 

li 



3 



Bl KTON. 



MONSON. 



4 



Clur. 
lOod'. 



Catechism lontaiiiing certain Questions and An- 
steers concerning the Knuuledge of God, and the 
right Use of the Law. Lond. 1591. oct. 

Conc/itsions of Peace hetween God and Man, con- 
taining comfortable Meditations for the Children of 
Gudun Proi.7. 1,1. Loud. 1 jf)5.oct. anfl H)03.((u. 
Exposition of the Lord's l'rai/er, draun into 
Questions and Answers. Loud. 1.3<)4. oct. lf)02. cju. 
Certain Questions and Aimcers concerning the 
Attributes of God Loud. Ifi02. qu. second edit. 

Questions and Answers concerning the right Use 
of the Late of God. Lend. H>02. qii. 

An Abstract of the Doctrine of the Sabbath, 
briejiy,^iet fully and plainly, set forth. Load. 160(5. 
oct. '\ hese are all, and cnougii, whicii I have 
seen published by Will. Burton, a minister in 
Bristol, and afterwards in Reading. Whether he 
be the same Will. Burton of the parish of St. Se- 
pulchre without Newgate in Lond. clerk, who ' 
died in that parish in Oct. or Nov. in 1612, (16 
Jac. L) and left behind a widow called Dorothy, 
I know not. " One William Burton translated 
" from Latin into English Certain Dialogues of 

«' Erasmus. Lond. qu. in an English charac- 

" ter, the first dialogue is of Fish-eating." 

[Burton was admitted at New college, April 5, 
1563,^- and left it in 1565. Nov. 25, 1591; he was 
inducted to the vicarage of St. Giles's, in Read- 
ing, vacant by the resignation of Edward Younge. 
When or where he died I have been unable to 
discover, although it is clear that there must be 
»ome error in Wood's date of 1612, which was 
the 10th, not the l6th year of James the first. 
Add to which, our author has quoted for his au- 
thority a Book of Administrations ' beginning in 
.Tan. 1614,' which consequently could not contain 
any notice of a death in 1612. All that we now 
know is, that he died intestate previous to the 17th 
of May,l6l6,as on tiiat day admonition was grant- 
ed in the prerogative court of Canterbury 'to the 
effects of William Burton, of St. Sepulchre's, infra 
Newgate, London, clerk, to his son, Daniel Bur- 
ton.' For this extract I am indebted to Edmund 
Lodge, esq. of the Herald's college. 

AVood omits one work of Burton's, (7</7e-D«/ce, 
or Trueth's Libertie, Lond. 1606, 4to.3 From the 
dedication to this it appears that the author was a 
preacher at Norwich when a young man.] 

WILLLAM MONSON, a Lincolnshire man 
born, a knight's son, and of the same family with 
those of South Carleton in that county, was a 
gent. com. or at least a commoner of Baliol col. 
where he continued for at least two years. But 
his mind being more martial than mercurial, he 
applied himself to sea-service, wherein he attained 
to great perfection, was a captain ♦ in several ex- 

• B|K.k ofaclministrat. in the will-office near S. Paul's ca- 
the<lral,bcgiriiiinKin Jan. I6l4. 

» [.MS.llawl.Tiibl. Bodl. Misc. 130. fol. 68.1 
[•Among Tanner's books in tlic Bodleian 1 

♦ Canibd. in Annal. Jiee. Elk. an. J 597, i6o? &c 



peditions against the Spaniard, vice-admiral and 
admiral. In 1594, he was actually created master 
of arts, and in 15yG he received the honour of 
knighthood from Robert earl of Essex at the 
sacking of Cadiz. In 1602, when Leland was 
clearecf of the Spanish forces, he was appointed 
vice-admiral untler sir Rich. Levison admiral, to 
carry on the war by sea against the Spaniard, lest 
they should invade England, wherein he perform- 
ed most admirable service, especially in the taking 
of a great carac of I6OO tun from them at Cezim- 
bria against Baibarum, the promontory of Portu- [337] 
gal. This heroical person left behind him at his 
death, written with his own hand, 

A true and exact Account of the Wan with Spain, 
in the Reign of Q. Elizabeth, being the Particulars 
of what happen'd between the English and Spanish 
Fleets, from the Year 1585, to 1602; shewing the 
Expeditions, Attempts, &c. Lond. 1682. fol. dedi- 
cated to his son Joh. Monson. In some copies s 
of this book the title runs thus, Megalopsychy ; 
being a particular and exact Account of the fast 
xx'ii Yeats of Qu. Elizabeth's Reign, both Military 
and Civil. Lond. 1682. fol. [Bodl. R. 1. 11. Jur.] 
The first written by sir Will. Monson, the other 
by Heywood Townshend. This worthy knight Clar. 
was in great renown in the beginning of the reign 1606. 
of K. James I. and the last time I find him men- 
tioned in his sea-service, is in 1605, in which year 
he conveyed over sea Edward the old earl of 
Hertford, when he was sent embassador to the 
archduke for the confirming of a peace : in which 
voyage, it is observed by a certain * person that 
the royal ships of England did then (being the 
first time as he saith) suffer an indignity and af- 
front from a Dutch man of war, as he passed by 
them without vailing. Of the same family was 
Will. Monson a knight or esq. (father to Will. 
Monson vise. Castlemain) who died in the parish 
of St. Martin's in the Fields near London, in 
January, or thereabouts, 1642. 

[An enlarged' edition of Monson's Wars in 
Spain, &c. will be found in Churchill's Collection 
of Voyages and Travels, vol. iii. Lond. 1704. (Bodl. 
D. 7. 6. Art.) which contains five other treatises 
by the same author, published from the original 
MSS. These are, ^ 

1. Actions of the English after King James his 
Accession to the Crown; and several Discourses upon 
that Subject. This he dedicates to liis second 
son.' 

2. The Office of the Lord High Admiral of 
England, and all Ministers and ^inferior Officers 

' [The copies should all have both these title-pages, which 
Wood has reversed, the second, as here given, standing first 
in the original.] ° 

* S'ir Ant. Wekkn in The Court and Character of K.James. 
Lond. 1650. oct. p. 48, 49. 

' [These dedications contain some excellent advice on the 
coiiduct and pursuits of young men on entering into life. Sir 
Wilhani's second son was then lately married to a lady of fa- 
mily, accomplishment, and fortune.] 



FORSET. 



NKWTON. 



6 



Clar. 
1606. 



Wider him, and what belongs to each Man's Office ; of Newton) by A lire his wilV, \v;i> linrii in thai 

with ruani/ other Particuiars to thai purpose. Dc- county, educuted in ^raiuniuiicals iiii<i( r John 

dicatcd to all captains, masters, pilots, &c. Brownswerd, (whom I liavc mtntionvd under the 

3. Discoveries and Enterprises of the Spaniards year 1389,') sent while very yotnig to Oxon, but 
and Portugueses, and several other remarkable making little stay there, he went to Cunibridge, 
Passages ond Observations. where lie settled in Qucen'ii coll. and became to 

4. Divers Projects and Stratagems tendred for much renowned for his I.atiii jMietry, that he wa« 
the Good of the Kingdom. Ded. to the projectors numbered by scholars of hi* time amoiiij tht; inoil 
of the age. noted poets in that language. Afterwards taking 

5. Oj a Fishery to be set up on the Const of Oxon in his way, (where he contiimed for nome 
England, Scotland and Ireland, with the Benejit time,) he retired to liis own country, uught school 
that Kill accrue by it to ail his Majesty's Three at Macclesfield, or near it, with gixxl »acce**, 
Kingdoms : with many other things concerning Fish, practised physic, and was encouraged in hi« un 



Fishins, and Matters if that Nature. Ded. to the 

King. 

Fuller^ mentions sir William's engagement 
with the Spanish carac as a most courageous at- 
chievement. She was placed apparently in an in- 
vincible situation, was herself a giant in compari- 
son to her opponents, and manned with tlirec 
hundred Spanish gentlemen : add to which, the 
marquis De Sancta Cruce lay near with thirteen 
ships, and the whole were well guarded by a 
strong fort. His bravery however was well re- 
warded, for he captured no less than ten hundred 
thousand crowns. 

I have not been able to discover the exact date 
of his death, but he was certainly in repute long 
after the time mentioned by Wood, as he informs 
us himself that he was in the fleet under the earl 
of Lindsey, in the year 1635.'] 

EDWARD FORSET, a gentleman's son of 
Lincolnshire, and of the same family with the 
Forsets of Billesby in that county, became a com- 
moner of Line. coll. in 1590, or thereabouts, aged 
18, but leaving that house without the honour of 
a degree, retired at length to his patrimony, and 



dertakings by Robert carl of E«scx. At length 
being beneliccd at llford in Essex, taught school 
there also, as it seems, and continued at tliat place 
to the time of his death. This person hath writ- 
ten several things, and titinslated more, the title* 
of which, such that have come to mv hands, you 
shall have, though he is rather to be numberud 
among the writers of Cambridge than of Oxon. 

J notable History of the Saracem, See. dravn 
out of August. Curio [and sundry other good Ju- 
tltours,] in 3 Books. Loud. 1375- qu- 

j4 summary or brief Chronicle oj' the Saraceiu 
and Turks, continued from the birth of Mahomet, 
to an. 1575. rrinted with the former book. 

Approved Medicines and cordial Precepts, with 
the Nature and Symptoms, &c. Lond. 1.580. oct. 

Jllustrium aliquot Jnglorum Encomia. Lond. 
1.589. qu. [Bodl. 4to. L. 37. Art. Seld.] At the 
end of Jo. Lelaiul's Encomia, Trophaa, &c. [and 
reprinted by Thomas llearne at the end ot Le- 
land's Collectanea, being the first volume of the 
appendix, or the fifth oi that work. Bodl. 8vo. F. 
59. Jur.] 

AtropoioK Delion : or, the Death of Delia, with 
the Tears of her Funeral. A poetical excnnive 
Discourse of our late Eliza.' Lond. l603. qu. [Bodl. 



wrote, i>^,i,n/i..oi ., .<». ....<. ^. 

A comparative Discourse oftheBodies naturaland gvo 't"^7^ Art SclcT] 

politic. Wherein, out of the principles of Nature, is j J^;„;„f „g^ History: or, a fragrant Posie 

set forth the true Form oJ" a Common-weal, with the ^„Jcof threejiowers, Ro^, Rosalynd^ and Rom- 

^ ' '^'' " ' ' ' ' ' - - w/ary. "Lend. 1604. He also viewe'd and corrected 



Duty of the Subjects, and the Right of the Sovereign ; 
&c. Lond. 1606. qu. [Hodl. 4to. T. 13. Art.] 
and other things as 'tis probable, but such I have 
not yet seen, " unless this author be the same with 
" Eclward Forset, esq." who wrote A Defence of 
" the Right of Kings, wherein the Power of the 
" Papacy over Princes is refuted, and the Oath of 
" Allegiance justified, Loncf. l624. qu." The next 
person that must begin the year of 1607, was in 
his time esteemed a most excellent Latinist and 
poet, as was by all acknowledged. 

THOMAS NEWTON, the eldest son of Edw. 
Newton of Butlev in the parish of Prcsbury in 
Cheshire (descended originally from the Ncwtons 

» [irorlhies, vol. ii. p. 18. edit. 4to. 1811.] 

9 Churchill's Foyngct, iii. p. 371.] 

' [I take this Edward Forset to be the same to whom king 
James the first, in l6u, grante<l the manor of East Green- 
wich. See Kewcourt's Repcrtorium, 1708, vol. i. p. ()93-] 



Embryon relimatum, written by Joh. Stanbridge, 

* [Sec vol. i. col. .^52.] 

' [Some extract from Newton's funeral irilmte ♦•> rjtww . 
Elizabeth may appear necessarv, and I have accor.r i 

one sonnet. If this be not sufticienl, tlie curiou* • 
refer to the third volume of Nichols's Frogretsn, wiurc iii» 
whole tract has been reprinted. 

« Cease, nyinphes with tearci to oucrcharj^e vour eie$. 

For Delia weepes not now that --he hath left ye: 
Comfort your sclucs inearth, for shv in =.kic» 

Comforted [is] by them which late bereft ye. 
So many yeeres the' Gods did let ye keciw her. 

In lender loue for to supjiort vour (leacc; 
But, being gone, it naught auailes to weepe her, 

She now cnioves a crownc of longer lease. 
Let this sutfice how loolh she was to prt 

So long as she had tongue, hand, eye or breath. 
Till when our quire of angels tooke her heart, 
Shee then bid welcome ioyes, and farwell earth. 
Where once cch soule His Delias soulc sliali sec 
Crowrnld iu another kinde of majcslie.' j 



[338] 



NEWTON. 



8 



and was author, as a certain ♦ writer saith, of two 
tragedies, viz. of the first and second parts of Ta- 
mtrlhie the great Siythia?i Emperor, but false. For 
in Tho. Newton's time the said two parts were 
performed by Christop. Mario, soinetinjes a stu- 
dent in Cambridge ; afterwards, first an actor on 
the stage, then, (as Shakespear, whose contempo- 
rary he was) a maker of plays, though inferior 
both in fancy and merit. This Mario, by the way 
it must be known, was author (besides the said 
two tragedies) of(l) The rich Jew of Malta. Trag. 
published at Lond. by Tho. Heywood. (2) The 
tragical History of the Life and Death of Dr. ,/o. 
Famtus, several times printed. (3) Lust's Domi- 
nion, &c. Trag. Lond. l66l.oct. then published 
by Franc. Kirkman, junior, a bookseller, and a 
great trader in plays. From which tragedy was 
another stolen, or at least the better part, eiitit. 
jihdelazer, or the Moor's Revenge, Lond. 1677, 
published under the name of mistress Jpkora 
Behn. (4) Trag. of K. Ed. 2. (5) Trag. of Dido 
Qu. of Carthage. In the composure of which 
Tom Nash joyned with him. But in the end, so 
it was, that this Mario giving too large a swing to 
his own wit, and suffering his lust to have the full 
reins, fell to that outrage and extremity, as Jo- 
delle a French tragical poet did, (being an epicure 
and an atheist,) that he denied God and his Son 
Christ, and not only in word blasphemed the Tri- 
nity, but also (as it was credibly ^ reported) wrote 
divers discourses against it, affirming our Saviour 
to be a deceiver, and Moses to be a con j urer : The 
holy Bib/e also to contain only vain and idle sto- 
ries, and all religion but a device of policy. But 
see the end of this person, which was noted by all, 
especially the precisians. For so it fell out, that 
he being deeply in love with a certain woman, 
had for his rival a bawdy serving-man, one rather 
fit to be a pimp, than an ingenious amoretto as 
Mario conceived himself to be. Whereupon Mario 
taking it to be an high affront, rush'd in upon, to 
stab, him, with his (Jagger: But the serving man 
being very quick, so avoided the stroke, that 
withal catching hold of Mario's wrist, he stab'd 
his own dagger into his own head, in such sort, 
that notwithstanding all the means of surgery that 
could be wrought, he shortly after died of his 
wound, before the year 1593.* Some time before 

* Edw. Phillips, in his Theatrum Poetarum, or colled, of 
Pods, &c Lond. l675, Oct. p. 182. among the modem poets. 

' See in Tho. Beard's Theatre of God's Judgments, lib. 1 . 
chap. 23. 

* [Marlow's tragical end is related somewhat differently by 
William Vaughan, who lived sufficiently near the time to be 
correct. Speakingof God's judgmenton atheists, he says, • Not 
inferior to these was one Christopher Marlow, by profession a 
play-maker, who, as it is rejmrted, about 14 ycrcs agoe, wrote a 
booke against theTrinitie, but see the effects of God's iustice ; 
it so ha))ned, that at Detford, a litle village about three miles 
distant from l»ndon, as he meant to stib with his ponyard 
one named Ingram, that had inuitcd him thither to a feast, 
and was then playing at tal)les; hec quicklyperccyuing it, so 
auoyded the thrust, that willjall drawing out his dagger for 



his death he had began and made a considerable 
progress in the pocni called Hero and Leander, 
which was afterwards finislied by George Chap- 
num, who fell short (as 'tis said) of the spirit and 

his defence, hce stab'd this Marlow into the eye, in such fort, 
that his braynes dimming out at the dagger's point, hee sliortly 
after dyed ' The Gnldi-n Grour moratizcd, Hvo. Lond. l008. 
Bo<11.8vo. U. 10. .\rt BS. 

Aubrey, on the authority of sir Ed. Sherburne, says, that 
Ben Jonson killed Marlow on Bunhill, coming from the 
Green curt;iin pl.w house For this Lilc, however, there seems 
not the slightest (ciundattoii. Letters from the Bodleian Li- 
brary, with .iubrcy's Lives, 8vo. 1813, h 415. 

For the fiiUowing list of Alarlow's plays I am indebted to 
Mr. Haslewood. 

1. Tumhurlaine the Create, who from the stale of a shep- 
heard in Scythia, ly his rare and wonderfull eongueils became 
n most noted puissant and mighty monarque, 1590, 1605, 4to. 
first part. 

2. Tamburtaine the Create. Jf'itk his impuMionate furie 
for the death of his Lady and Lour, J'aire Zcnocratc, &c. 

1590, 1593, 1(>0C, 4to. second part. 

3. The tragedic of Dido, Queene of Carthage,\5C^, ]o\t\l\y 
with Thomas Nash. 

4. The troublesome raigne and lamentable death of Edward 
the second. King of England, with the tragicallfall ofptoud 
Mortimer, kc. 1598, iBl'J, lG22, 4to. 

5. The Massacre at Paris with the death of the Duke of 
Guise, die. 8vo. no date, 12mo. no date.! 

C. The tragicall Historic nf the life and death of Doctor 

Fausius. idoi, 1611, lOid, i6i9j i(j24, i63i, 1661, 1663, 

4to. 

7. The famous tragedy of the Kick lew of Malta, &c. . 
1633, 4to. 

8. Lust's Dominion in the Lascivious Queen, a tragedie, 
&c. 1(557, iGfil, 12nio. 

g. The Mayden's Iloladay. Entered on the books of the 
stationers' company April 8, l6a4, and insetted in Warbur- 
ton's list of plays destroyed by his servant. 

I extract one specimen of his dramatic powers, from tlie 
Jew of Malta, act 2, a co))y of which is in St. John's college 
library. 

' Thus like the sad presaging rauen, that tolls 
The sicke man's passeport in her hollow beake; 
And in the shadow of the silent night 
Doth shake contagion from her sable wings, 
Vext and tormented, rmines jxiore Barabas 
With falall curses towards these Christians. 
The incertaine pleasures of swift-footed time 
JHaue tane their flight, and left me in despaire; 
And of my former riches rests no more 
But bare remembrance ; like a souldier's scarre. 
That has no fiirtlier comfort for his maime. 
Oh ihou, that with a fiery pillar led'st 
The sonnes of Lrael through the-dismall .shades ; 
Liglit Abraham's off-sjirlng, and direct the hand 
Of Abigail this night, or let the day 
Turne to eteniall darkncssc after this.' 
His beautiful song beginning 

' Come live with me and be my love,' 
is too well known for insertion in the present place. It has 
been well observed, that this composition is not so purely pas- 
toral as it is generally supposed to be : golden buckles, coral 
clasps, silver dishes, and ivory tables, beuig rather too refined 
and luxurious for rural retirement and simplicity. This song 
is alluded to in a very scarce tract in the Bodleian called Choice, 
Chance and Change, or Conecites in their Colours, 4to. Lond. 
IG06. — In answer to an invitation ' I prav thee let vs be merry 
and let vs liue together?' we have, ' Why, how now, doe 
you take me for a woman that you come vpon me with a 
ballad of Come liue with me and he my loue?' page 3. 

We may add, that Marlow translated Coluthus's Rape of 
Helen, 1587; C'er/oisc o/0!)!rf's£/eg!fs, Middleburgh,l2mo. 



9 



N EWTON. 



10 



invention of Mario in the performance thereof. 
It was printed at Loud. iHoO. in qu. [Bodl. Bvo. 
T. 27. Art. Sold.] and whcllicr before lliat time, I 
know not.7 " Otliers say, that this transiaticm of 
" Hero and Lcander was done by Cha[>man alone 
" without Mario."" 15ut all this I speak by the 
bye. Our author Tho. Newton, whom and his 
works I am further to mention, hatli also trans- 
lated from Latin into English. (\) A Direction for 
the health of Magistrates and Students, u<imeli/,sHch 
lis he ill their consistent age, or near ihereuulo.Lum\. 
1574. in tw. written [in Latin] by Giil. Cirataro- 
lus.9 (2) Cotiimentari/ or exposition upon the ttco 
Episths general of S. Peter and that of S. Jude ; 
gathered out of the lectures and preachings of Dr. 
Martin Lulher hi/ Jliionifinns. Lond. 1581. <|u. 
(3) Touchstone of Complexions, containing must 
easie rules, and readi/ tokens, wherehy everi/ Man 
may peifectli/ try and throughly know as well the 
exact state, hahit, dispositi m and constitution of 
his body outwardly, as also the iiidicaliom, Stc of 
the mind inwardly. Lond. [1576. Bodl. Crynes 87 1.] 
1581. oet. written [in Latin] by Levinus Lemnius. 

no date, of which a second edition completed, appeared ia 
the same year; and I.ucans First liooke, rendered line for 
line, 4to. 1593 and ifiOO. His translaiion of Ovid was burnt 
at staiioners" hall by order from the archbishop of Canterbury 
and the bishop of London, dated June 1, 41 Lli/,.] 

' [It was printed 4to. 15()8 (Herbert 7yp. Antig. 1287), 
J6OO, l6()C, i()2'2, l62(); and in 8vo. 1637.J 

* [It is not generally known, that Chapman not only 
finished Marlow's poem of Hero mid Lcander, (which is not 
a translation) but afterwards translated what had been before 
written in Latin on the same subject by Musa;us. As this 
is one of the rarest books we now meet with, 1 shall give the 
full title : 

The divine Poem of Mus(rv3, First of all Bookes. Traru- 
lated according lo ihr originall. By Geo. Chapman. Lon- 
don, printed by Isaac laggard. iClG. It contains to sign. H. 
and is printed in the smallest size 1 remember to have seen 
at this early period. Chapman dedicates it to the well known 
Inigo Jones, and subscribes himself liis ' ancient |)Oore friend." 
] n his preface he warns the reader that what is now offered 
is nothme like ' that partly excellent poem of maister Mar- 
loe's — a different character being held through, both the stile, 
matter, and inuention.' Tnc first line or two of this rare but 
worthless piece « ill be sufficient : 
' Goddesse relate 

the witncsse-bearing light 
Of loncs, that would not beare 

a humane sight. 
The sea-man 

that transported marriages 
Shipt in the night, 

his bosome ploughing th' seas — ' kc. 
Tiic volume whence this is taken will be found in the Bod- 
leian, 8vo. C. 125. Art. 

Henry Petowe also added a second part to Marlow's poem 
of Hero and Lcander, which was printed by Thomas Pur- 
foot, London, l.'igS. (Bodl. 4to. L. 12. Art.) This was ex- 
ecuted much more poetically than Chapman's. Take four 
lines only : 

' Tliis imprisoning cauc, this woefull cell. 
This house of sorrow and increasing woe, 
Griefe's tearie chamber, where sad care doth dwell. 
Where lifjuid ttars, like top-fil'd seas doe flow' — ] 
' [See extracts from this book in the British Bibliographer, 
ii. 414.3 



(4) Third Tragedy of L. Ann. Seneca, entit. The- 
hais. Lond. 1581. c|u. in old veriw, and printed in 
an English iharaeler. Note lluit the fourth, m- 
venth, eighth ' and tenth tragedies, of the said 
author, were in the like manner translated by John 
Studley of Trin. eoll. in Cambridge, a noted iioet 
in (|u. i^iizabeth's time. Tlie fifth ealled Uedipiit 
was translated by Alex. Nevii of Cambridge, tiie 
same person, 1 mean, who was author of Ketlut, 
site de furorihits Noif>lcien$ium, &c. lib. I. an. 
15H'2. '('heyth trag. was translated i)y Tho. Nuce, 
eontemporary with .Studley and Nevill, and three 
more by Jasp. Heywood, as i have told you el»e- 
where.' (5) Of Christian Frienrbhip, At. with an 
Invective uguinat Dice-play and other prophane 
Games. Lond. 158G. oet. written [in Latin] by 
Lamb. Dana'us. (6) Tryal and examination of a 
Man's oicn self, &e. Lond. 1587. tw. by Andr.Hi- 
perius. (7) llerbal of the Bible, containing a plain 
and familiar exposition of such similitudes, parables, 
Ac. that are borrowed and taken from tlerbt. 
Plants, 8w. Lond. 1587. oet. by Levinus Lem- 
nius. These are all the translations, as I coneeive, 
that Tho. Newton hath made. At length having 
gotten a eonsiderable estate by his endeavours, 
eoncluded his last day at Little Ilford in lisse.x, 
in the month of .May in si.xteen hundred and se- 
ven, and was buried in the churcli belonging to 

' The eighth trag. called Agamemnon was first of all pub- 
lished by the said Jo Studley, at \m\A. l.lGtJ. in tw. [Bodl. 
8vo. H.44. Art. Scld. It is most likely, that all the playt 
were printed separately at first. Hepvood'i we know were, 
(see vol. i. col. 664.) and Studley in his preface to Agamem- 
non, notices Nevill'sas set Jurlkehefon, which undoubtedly 
means in print.] 

' [Seneca his lenne Tragedies irantlaled into Englytke. 
London by Thomas Marsh, 1581 ; Bodl. 4to. A. 46. Jur. Of 
this volume Newton was the editor. The tragetlies were cx&- 
ctited as follows : Hercules Parens by Ja-sjier Heywood ; 
Thycstes by the same; Thebais byNowion; Hippolilui by 
John Studley; Oedipus by Alexander Neville; Troas 1^ 
Heywood; Mcdca by Studley; Agamemnon by tlie same; 
Oc/avia by Thomas Nuce, first prmted in l.i()6; and Her- 
cules Octcus by Studley. Of Heywoo<l we have already had 
an accoimt in vol i. col. 663. Studley was educated at 
Westminster school, and was afterwards of Trinity college, 
Cantbridge. In what capacity he went to Flanders wc know 
not, but It has been said that he had a command under prince 
Maurice, and was killed at the siege of Breda in I.')87. Be- 
sides the plays of Seneca, he translated Bale's Pageant of 
Popes, conlayninge the Lyues of all the Bishops of Rome 
from the Irginriing of them to the yeare of grace 1555. Lond. 
1574, 4to. (Bodl. 4to. P. 58. Jur.); and wrote two copies of 
Latin verses on the death of Nicholas Carr, the Greek pro- 
fessor at Cambridge, which were appended to the professor's 
translation of Dcmostliene.s, 4to. 157 ' • (B<xll. 4to. B. 9. .\rt. 
B S.) Thomas Nuce, or Newce, was fellow of Pembroke 
hall in 13()2, afterwards rector of Oxburgh, Norfolk; of Bec- 
cles, Weston Market, and vicar of Gaysley, Suffolk ; and 
finally, Feb. 21, 1384-5, Iwcamc prebendary of Ely. He died 
Nov. 8, 1C17, at Gaysley, where he was buried. From his 
epitaph, preser\cd in Bentham's History of Fly, we learn 
that ne had five sons and seven daughters by his wife .\nn, 
who died in I6l3. Of the translation of Seneca, thus jointly 
executed, the curious reader will find an. ample account in 
Warton's History of Kng. Poetry, iii, 382; Ccnsura Lite- 
rariu, ix, 386 ; aad British Bibliographer, ii, 372.] 



[339] 



l607» 



11 



NEWTON. 



RAINOLDS. 



12 



that village, leaving behind him a son named 
Abel,' and a legacy to the parishioners of the said 
place to buy ornaments for their church. 

[Newton was sent, accordinu; to Warton,^ when 
abont thirteen years of aii;e to Trinity college, Ox- 
ford. He removed to (Queen's, Cambridge, but 
returned within a very few years to Oxford, when 
he was readmitted to Trinity. On the 4th of June 
1583,^ he was nrcsentcd by queen Elizabeth to 
the rector}- of llford parva, Essex, which he re- 
tained till his death. Wood notices his son Abell, 
but not his elder son Emanuel, to whom he ad- 
dressed the following lines, and who probably died 
before his father. 

Emmanuel, patriis praebe his hortatibus aurem, 

Et memori nostra ha;c dicta reconde sinu. 
Sit tibi cura Deum prccibus, vcl prima, rogandi, 

Ut tua propitio flamine cuncta rcgat. 
Sis humilis, mitis, sis clcmens, diligc pacem, 

Et pricceptori morigerarc tuo. 
Detractor ne sis, mendstx, sycophanta, cjmoedus, 

Turpiloquus, jurax, torvus, alastor, iuers : 
Non linguax, furax, rerum vendaxque tuarum, 

Ncc caperata truces frons ferat ista minas. 
Obsequium cunctis prajstes pro viribus, omnes 

Devincire stude moribus ingenuis. 
Sic acccptus eris cunctis et amabilis: ergo 

Auscultes monitis (ut decet) hisce meis.* 

To his publications may be added, 

1. Marcus Tuliius Ciceroes bookes,fovvre several 
of, conteyninge his most learned and eloquente Dis- 
courses of Friendshippe, old Age, Paradoxes and 
Scipio hisDreame. Lond. by Marshe, 1577, 8vo. 

2. A Hew of Valuaunce: describing the famous 
Feates and martial Exploites of two most mightie 
Nations, the Romans and the Carthaginians, for the 
Conquest and Possession of Spayne. Lond. 1380. 
8vo. This was a translation from the Latin of 
Rutilius Rufus ' a Romaine gentleman, and a cap- 
taine of charge vnder Scipio in the same warres.' 
It is here given to Newton, on the authority of 
Oldys, who, in the Catalogue of the Harleian 
Pamphlets, No. 265, speaks confidently of his 
being the translator. Some detached pieces of 
this Rutilius w^ill be found in Fragment. Histori- 
corum Veterum Latinorum, Amst. 1620, 8vo. 

3. The old Man's Dietarie. a translation also. 
Printed at London, 1586, 8vo. 

4. Joannis Brunsuerdi Maclefeldensis Gymnasi- 
archa, Progymnasmata quicdam Poetica. Sparsim 

* [Ad Abelcm Newtonvim, filiolum. 

Mi fill, mi dulcis Abel, mea magna voluptas, 

Ut (.'hristo placeas, ut placeasque mihi, 
Per\igil insudes noctuque diuque libellis. 

Qui possint doctum reddcre, quique pium. 
Hinc tibi contigerit quando maturior Eetas, 

Ingens accrescet gloria, dulcis Abel. 
En ego prsstabo, quae sunt praoslanda parenti, 

Tu sape, ncc desis nunc Ul)i dulcis Abel.] 

♦ [Hist, of En". Poetry, iii. 39I,] 
' rNewcourt, Repertorium, ii. 34o.] \ 

Encomia illustr. Firorum, 1589, !'• 126.] 



CoUecta, et in Lucent edita Sfc. Tho. Newton. 
Lond. 1589, and 1590, 4to. See vol. i. col. 552. 

Newton wrote also commendatory lines on Bat- 
man's Go/den Booke of the Leaden Goddes, 4to. 
1577: Hunnis's //yte of Hunnye, 1578: Mun-. 
day's Mirror of Mat ah ilitie, 1579: Bullein's iiw/- 
warke of Defence, 1579: Mirror for Magistrates, 
1587, I6IO: Ives's Instructions for the Warres, 
1589: Tymme's Brief e Description of Hierusatem, 
1595: and a Metrical Epilogue to Heywood's 
Workes, 1587. 

The following lines prefixed to Blandie's trans- 
lation of Osorius' Discourse of Ciuill and Chris- 
tian Nobilitie. Lond. 1576, 4to. [Bodl. C. 17. 27. 
Line] are not inserted in the author's Encomia, 
which they would have been,if Hearnehad known 
of their existence previous to the publication of 
his edition of Leland. 

Magna est nobilibus laus esse parentibus ortum, 

E studiis majus stemma decusque fluit ; 
Maxima sed Pietas et vera insignia laudis 

Vendicat, hand una concelebranda chely ; 
Qui tribus his claret titulis, ter maximus ille, 

Ter merito foelix, ter venerandus erit. 
Percitus Aonio facundus Osorius astro, 

Ha;c panxit, calami dexteritate sui ; 
Divite quem vena glaucopis Athena beavit, 

Quique ardet Clarii totus amore chori ; 
Quem juga Parnassi lambentia vertice Stellas, 

Quem capit alati fons pede factus equi ; 
Graudisouo cujus splendent monumenta cothurno, 

Prajcipuumque tenent a Cicerone locum ; 
Cujus voce loqui cupiunt, si voce Latina 

Quicquam efterre velint, ipsa; Heliconiades; 
Quo tellus tanto Lusitanica jactat alumno. 

Qui Tartessiaco condecoratur agro. 
Romulidis, Gallis, Germanis, notus et Anglis, 

Pannoniis, Dacis, atque Caledoniis, 
Verborum phaleris, phrasibusque uberrimus, 
omnes 

iEquiparat veteres, exuperatque novos ; 
Nee sapit obscurum genus aut ignobile stemma 

Sermo suus, sua mens, docta Thalia sua. 
Ille, ille est nostri Phoenix et Tuliius aevi, 

Alpha disertorum dicier ille potest. 
Numine Blandaus Phoebaeo concitus, hujus 

Scripta Latina docet verba Britanna loqui; 
Perspicue, nitide, succincte et Apolline digne, 

Cunctaque plectro agili et blandisonante tuba; 
Cuius melliflua celebratur Osorius arte, 

Namque etiam hunc fovit diva Minerva sinu. 
Vivite uterque igitur fcelices, pergite plures 

Omine tam fausto scribere uterque iibros.] 

JOHN RAINOLDS, [orREYNOLDs,]calledby 
Latin writers Reginaldus, the fifth son of Rich. Rai- 
nolds, and he (who was yoimger brother to Thom. 
Rainolds, D. I), and warden of Merton coll.) the 
third son of another Richard, was born at Pinhoe, 
alias Pinhawes near to the city of Excester in 
Devonshire, became a student in Merton coll. 



13 



RAINOLDS. 



14 



[340] 



1562, aged. 13, or thereabouts, admitted scholar 
of C. C. coll. 29 Apr. fiS, prob. fellow 1 1 Oct. «(), 
and six years after proceeded in arts, being then 
senior of the act, and about that time Greek 
reader in his college. In 1579, lie was admitted 
to the reading of the sentences, and six years af- 
ter proceeded in divinity, being then in great 
esteem for his profound learning.? In 1598, he 
was made dean of Lincoln in the place of one 
Ralph Griffin; about which time he lodged and 
studied in Queen's coll. But being unwilling to 
part with an academical life, he changed that 
deanerj' in tlie year following, with Will. Cole, 
for the presidentship of C. C. coll. where being 
settled, he had more leisure to follow his studies 
and have the communication of learned men, than 
at Lincoln. So temperate then were his aft'ec- 
tions, notwithstanding of very severe conversa- 
tion, that he made choice rather to be head of 
that house, than to be made a bishop, which 
queen Elizabeth offered to him. He was a person 
of' prodigious reading' and doctrine,and the very 
treasury of erudition ;' and what Tiilly spoke of 
Pompey's noble exploits in war, that they could 
not be matched by the valiant acts of all the Ro- 
man commanders in one year, nor in all years, by 
the prowess of one commander ; so it might be 
truly said of Jewell, Hooker and this our author 
Rainolds, that thej' could not be parallel'd by the 
students of all countries, brought up in one col- 
lege, nor the students in all colleges, born in one 
county. The two former mainlj' opposed the ene- 
mies of the doctrine, the third, of the discipline, 
of the church of England with like happy suc- 
cess, and they were all three in several kinds ver}' 
eminent if not equal. As Jewell's fame grew from 
the rhetoric lecture, which he read with singular 
applause, and Hooker's from the logic, so Rain- 
olds from the Greek, in (•. C coll. The author 
that he read was Aristotle, whose three incompa- 
rable books of rhetoric he illustrated with so ex- 
cellent a commentary so richly fraught with all 
polite literature, that as well in the commentary, 
as in the text, a man may find a golden river of 
things and words, which the prince of orators tells 
us of. As for his memory also, it is most cer- 
tain '^ that he excelled to the astonishment of all 
that were inwardly acciuainted with him, not only 
for S. Augustin's works, but all classic authors. 
So that in this respect, it may be truly said of 
him, which hath been applied to some others, that 
* he was a living library and a third university.' 
I have heard it very credibly reported, that upon 
occasion of some writings which passed to arul 
fro, between him and Dr. Gentilis then professor 

' [Strj-pe, Life of IFIiitgi/l, p. 3R2, mentions him about 
this time as regius professor ofUivinity; but this is a mistake, 
as he never filled that ollice.] 

^ Dan. Tcatly in Funehri Graf. D. Rainoldi. 

' See in Dr. George Hakcwill's Apot. of the Power and 
Prov. of God in the Government of the }Vorld, printed 1035. 
p. 154. 



of the civil law, in tlie university of Oxon, that 
he |)ublicly avow'd that he thought Dr. KuinoldA 
had read and did reineinl)er more of the civil and 
canon law, than himself, tho' they were his pro- 
fession : Dr. Hall also bishop of Norwich reports' 
that ' he alone was a well-fiirnish'd library, lull of 
all faculties, of all studies, of all learning; 
the men)ory and reading of that man were near 
to a miracle,' &c. The truth is, he was most 
prodigiously seen in all kind of learning, and had 
tum'd over all writers i>rofane, eeelesiastical, and 
divine, nil the councils, fathers and histories of 
the church. He was also most excellent in nil 
tongues, of a sharp aiut nimble wit, of mature 
judgment, indefatigable industry, exceeding there- 
in Origen, siniiimed Aduniantius, and so will seen 
in all arts and sciences, as if he luul spent his whole 
time in each of them. The learned Cra('anthor|>^ 
tells ' us also, that for virtue, probity, integritVt 
and which is above all, piety and sanctity of life, 
he was so eminent and conspicuous, that us Na- 
zianzen speaketh of Athanasius, it might be said 
of him, to name Rainolds is to commend virtue 
it self. \n a word, nothing can be spoken against 
him, only that he with Tho. Sparkc were the ])il- 
lars of puritunism, and grand favourers of non- 
conformity, 5 as the general part of writers say, 
yet •• one of late date reports that Rainolds pro- 
fessed himself a conformist, and died so. His 
works are. 

Sermon of the destruction of the Idumauns; On 
Obad. ver. 5. 6. Loud. 1584. oct. « 

Sex Theses de S. Scriptura 3f Ecclesia. Rupelite 
1 586. \ut publicts in academia Oxonieitsi dispiila- 
tionihus eiplicatec, sic editic ante annos vieinti, 
nunc autem recognitte et apologia contra pontijirios 
Eli/mas Stapletonnm, Martiuum, Btironium, Jus- 
turn, Calvinum Vetera castrensem auct(e.'\ Lond. 
1602. oet. [Bodl. 8vo. R. 35. Th. Seld.] Printed 
in English at London 1598. [Bodl. A. 7. 35. Line. 
and again in I6O9. Bodl. 4to. R. 13. Th. Seld.] 
qu. with a defence of such things as Tho. Staple- 
ton and Greg. Martin have carped at therein.* 

' In his Epistles, First Decad. Ep. 7- 

* III Drfens. Eccles. Angl. &c. cap. Cg. 

3 [C'racanthorp denies this in very |X)sitivc temw. He 
tells us that at the moment he was writing his Dcfensio Ec- 
clrsia: Anglicante, he had in his possession a letter from fUi- 
nolds to archbishop Bancroft * in qua se huic Anglicana- eo- 
clesiiB confonnem esse, libenter ct ex animo, rtiani conscien- 
tia sua sic eum moncnte ultro profiletur.' Add to which lie 
was a strict observer of all the ordinances and forms of the 
church and imiversity, and in his last moments received ab- 
solution according to the manner prescribed in oftr liturgy. 
But tlie whole of Cracanthorp's account of our author it 
well worth |X!rusal. See it in Defensio Ecel. Angt. I<ja5. 
Bodl. 4to. T. 2. Th. chap. Op.] 

♦ See The friendly Debute between a Conformist and Noit- 
conformist, part 2. Lond. lO()t), .'>th edit. p. 201. 

' [// Sermon upon part of the Prophesie of Otadiah touch- 
inc; t/ie destruction as of Idumieans so of Papists, and meant 
icliereby it must he wrought . Preached at St Maries in Oxford, 
on the 29 ofOcloier last, 1584. Printed 1584, 8vo. KENVsr.] 

<> [Editio altera Load. 158U, excudebat Heo. Middl e l on tis. 



15 



RAINOLDS. 



16 



LS41] 



Sermon preached to the public asiemblu of Scho- 
lars in the Unirerxiti/ oj Oxon. tilt, --fug- 158G. 
upon occasion of' their meeting to give thiink.t for 
the late detection and apprehension of Tray tors, 
who vickedlif conspired against the Queen's Ma- 
jesty, 7 &c. On Psal. 18. 48, 49, 50, 51. Oxon. 
1586. oct. [and 0.\lord 1613. Bodl. 4to. S. 46. 
Til.] 

Orationesdiia in Coll. Corp. Ch. Ox. 1587. oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. R. 22. Art. Sold.] 

Sum of a Conference between Joh. Rainolds and 
Joh. Hart, touching the Head and the Faith of 
the Church, &c. Lond. [1584] 1588. 98 [Bodl. A. 
7. 35. Line] and 1609, qu. [Bodl.4to. R. 13. Th. 
Sold.] approved (as 'tis said) by Joh. Hart to be a 
true conference, and translated into Latin bv Hen. 
Parry of C. C. C. [afterwards bishop of Glonces- 
ter. This was printed at Oxford in 1610, folio, 
Bodl. S. 9. 5. Th.] 

De llomanec Ecclesite idolatria, in cultu Sanc- 
torum, Reliquiarum, Imaginum, Sic. lib. 2. Oxon. 
1596. qu. 

The overthrow of Stage-Plays, bi/ zcnif of con- 
trovcrsie betzci.it Dr. dager and Dr. Rainolds, 
uherein all the reasons that can be made for them, 
are notably refuted, &o. — Finished 1593, and said 
to be printed at Middleburij in 1599- [Hodl. 4to. 
r.. 14. Th. Scld. and 160«.] qu. I'rinted also at 
Ox. 1629. qu. [Hodl.4to. C.39. Th.] Wheicunto 
arc added certain Latin letters between him and 
Dr. Alb. Gentilis, concerning the same matter. 
See more in Will. Gager, under the j'ear 1610. 

j4pologia Thesium de Sacra Scripturd 6r Eccle- 
siu. Lond. l602. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. R. 35. Th. Seld.] 

Epistle to Tho. Pye — at the end of Rob. Bur- 
hill's Book entit. In controversiam S^'c. in sex com- 
mentationes. Oxon. 1606. qu. [Bodl. A. 7- 9- 
Line] ^^'ritten upon Pye's submitting his Lat. 
epistle against Dr. Howson's Tliesis, to his cen- 
sure and approbation. It contains also several 
emendations and corrections of Pyc's Epistle, be- 
fore it went to the press. See more in Tho. Pye, 
under the year I609. 

Defence of the judgment of the reformed Churches, 
that a Man may lazcfully, not only put away hii 
Wife for her Adultery, but also marry another: 
Wherein Rob. Bellarmine the Jesuit's Latin Trea- 
tise, and an English pamphlet oJ' a nameless au- 
thor, maintaining the. contrary, are confuted. 

Printed I6O!). qu. [Bodl. 4to. R. 37. Th'. and I6IO. 
Bodl. 4to. S. 57. Art. Sold.] 

Censura librorum Apocryphorum veteris Testa- 
me.nti, adversus Pontifcius, imprimis liobertum Bel- 
/ar/rtiM. &.C. Oppenheiin I6II, 2 tom. [Bodl.AA. 

This edit. Mr. Wood had not seen, penes me. Baker. Nor 
w,is it known to Amos or Herbert.] 

' [This was the conspiracy of Ballard and Babington ; 
(a j^ood account of which sec in Carte's fli.1t. nf Eng'and, 
iii. tiOO.) for the discovery of whicli a form of prayer and 
thanksgivin|>, for the prcstrvation of the queen and the realm, 
was drawn up bv order of archbishop VVliitgift. See Strypc's 
Life of fnHjii/t, p. 2(iy . ] 



70, 71. Th. Seld.] Which book was consulted by 
Matthew Pool when he composed his third vo- 
lume of Synopsis, who saith that the said Censura, 
&c. was written ' multijuga &. stupentla erudi- 
tione,' &c. whicli is very true, for the author was 
seven years in writing and composing it. 

The Prophesie of Obadiah, opened and applied 
in sundry learned and gradoiis Sermons, preached 
at Jllhallous and S. Mary's in Oxon. Oxon. 1613, 
qu. Published bv Will. Hind of Queen's coli. 
[Bodl.4to. S. 46."Th.] 

Letter to his Friend containing his advice j'or 
the study oJ' Divinity, dat. 4. Jul. 1577. Lond. 
1613, in tw. in one sheet. [Bodl. 8vo. M. oti. 
Th.] 

Orationes duodecim in C. C. C. Oxon. 16 14, 
[Bodl. 8vo. R.35. Art. 16 19,] and 28,in oct. Among 
which are the two beforc-mention'd, printed. The 
rest were corrected and published by Hen. Jack- 
son bach, of divinity. The first of those which 
Jackson published, which is the third of the said 
twelve, and hath this beginning ' Si quis adsit in 
hoc conventu,' &c. was translated into English by 
Joh. Leicester of Cheshire, for the use of all such 
that affect the studies of logic and philosophy — 
Lond. 1638, in tw. 

Epistohe ad Guliel. Rainoldum, f rat rem suum, 
Guliel. IVhittakerum, &; Elizab. Reginam. Printed 
with Orationes duodecim. 

The discovery of the Man cf Sin, a Sermon on 
2 Thes. 2. 3. 3." Ox. 1614, qu. Published by 'Will. 
Hinde before-mentioned. 

Letter to Sir Franc. Knollys concerning some 
passages in Dr. Rich, Banrrojt's Scrm. at Paul's- 
cross, 9 Feb. 1588.' Lond. 1641, qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
W. 5. Th. BS.] 

The original ifBifhops and Metropolitans briefly 
laid dozen. Ox. 1641, qu. [Bodl. C. 13. I2. 
Line] 'Tis but a little thing, and included in 
archb. Usher's discourse of that mutter. Other 
titles have it thus ; Dr. Rainolds his judgment 
touching the original of Episcopacy, more largely 
confirmed out of antiquity by .James Usher Arch- 
bish. of Armagh. 

Judgment concerning Episcopacy, whether it be 
God's ordinance. In a Letter to Sir Franc. Knollys 
Kt. 10 Sept. 1598. Lond. I64I, qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
W. 5. Th. BS.] which sir Franc, was son of sir 
Fr. KnolU's knight. 

Prophesie oJ' llaggai interpreted and applied in 
15 Sermons. Lond. 1649, qu. [Bodl. 4to. H. 10. 
Th. BS.] Published by Edw. Leigh esquire, who 
had the copy from Nath. Hinde a minister of 

' [In this sermon the preacher maintained that the bishops 
of England had superiority over their infcriour brethren, 
jure du'ino, and directly from God. It has been supposed 
that archbishop Whilglft gave directions to the author to 

{)reacli a sermon of this nature, in order to counteract tlie 
oud clamours that were at this time made against the sacred 
calling of the linglish bishops. For some account of the 
controversy on this subject see Stryjic's LiJ'e of IVhilgi/f, 
jxige 292, &c.] 



17 



RAINOLDS. 



18 



Staftbrdshire, son of Will. Ilinde before-men- 
tion'd, who had vicw'd and perfected it. What 
else is printed under Rainold's name, unless a 
Treatise against the Cracovian Catechism (as some 
say, which I doubt) I know not. Among the MSS. 
which he left behind him, I find these; 

Commentarii in tres lib. Aristot. de Rhctorica, 

Answer to Nich. Sounder's his Books De Schis- 
mate Anglicano, in defence of our Reformation, 8tc. 

Defence of our English Liturgy against Roh. 
Browne his Schismatical Book. — This Browne, 
who was a knight's son of Rutlandshire, and edu- 
cated in Cambridge, and afterwards father of the 
sect called Brownists, did use to say that the true 
Protestants had no church in England, yet after- 
wards he found the way into their church and 
became pastor of a place in Northamptonshire 
called Aychurch : ' Bonum nomen, bonum omen, 
Ss quantum mutatus ab illo.' And then he used 
to say that there was no church in England but 
his, and that was A Church. He died in prison 
in Northampton (after he had been in very many 
before) about the year of his age 80, and the year 
of our Lord 1630, or, as some say, 34.' 

'Treatise of the beginning and progress of Popish 
Errors, and, that, for the first 300 Years after 
Christ, Bishops ruled their own Dioceses, without 
subjection to the Pope. 

Collectanea quoidam, potissimh Theologica. MS. 
in the libr. of Dr. Tho. Barlow. 

Collectanea continent, divtrsa Rhetorica 4r Theo- 
logica. MS. in oct. in the same library: where 

* [Sept. 6, 1591, admissus fuit Rob'tus Brown, clericus, 
ad rect. de Achurch vac. per. laps. temp, ad pres. D. reginae. 
lice. Pelriburg. 

Mr. John Cotton, in his Answer to Mr. Hoger Williams, 
4to. 1647, page 122, says thus: ' The first inventor of that 
way which is called Brownisme, from whom the sect took 
its name, fell back first from his own way to take a parsonage 
of a parish church in England in Northamptonshire, called A 
^-church. God so, in a strange yet wise providence, ordering 
that he who had utterly renounced all the churches in iing- 
land as 'No church, should afterwards accept of one parish 
church amongst them, and it called A church. And from 
thence he fell to organs in the temple of his own church, 
as I have been credibly informed; and from thence to dis- 
cord with his best hearers, and bitter persecution of them at 
the last.' 

A Book which sheweth the Life and Manners 0/ all true 
Christians unci how unlike they are to Turkes and Papists 
and Heathen J-'olke. Also there poeth a Treatise before, of 
Reformation without tarying for any, and nf the wickedness 
of those Preachers who will not reform themselves and their 
charge because they will larie till the Magistrate commauud 
and compell them. By me Robert Browne. Middlcburgh, 
Imprinted by Richard Painter. 4to. 1582. Kennet. 

Browne was not a knight's son, as Wood tells us. His 
father was Anthony Browne, esq. sheriff of Rutlandshire in 
tlje 14th of Eliz.: his mother, Dorothy daughter of sir Philip 
Butler, of Woodhall, Hertfordshire. (Wright's Jhsl. of the 
County of Rutland, l684, p. 129) Browne was committed 
to gaol for an assault on the constable who came to demand 
the payment of a parish rate. Wood was right as to the fre- 
quency of liis visits to prison, for he boasts tiimself, that he 
had been in ihirti/two, in some of which he could not see 
his hand at noonday. BMges'ihist.ofNorlhamplorishire, 
1791, vol. ii. p. 386.] 

Vol. II. 



also I have seen some of his orations and decla* 
mations, which have not been yet printed, iic 
also translated into Latin, Plutarch'n two boolu, 
viz. (\) De utilitute ex hostibus cupienda. (2) De 
morbis animi Si corporis. This last was also trao»- 
lated by the before-mentioned Men. Jackson, some 
time after Ruinolds's death, but diifiTH much, by 
the comparing, which I have made, between them. 
Our autiior Rainolds also translated into Latin 
Maximus Tyrius his Three Disputaliont : which 
translations, with his epiAtle-s to his brother Wil- 
liam, Will. Whittaker and Q. Eli/aln-th, arc |)rinted 
at the end of his Orationes duodecitn.——Ox<m. 
1628, oct. [The first edition was printed in Ox- 
ford 1614. Bodl. 8vo. R. 3.5. Art. with his Ora- 
tiones duodecim.] The translation of Plutarch'* 
two books, were also printed at Ox. I6l4, in oct. 
" Dr. Rainolds also had a hand in translating part 
" of the Old Testament, by the command ot K. 
James I." At length, after he had lived many 
years a severe student, and a mortified devout 
person, he surrendered up his last breath to him 
that first gave it, on Thursday next after the as- 
cension, being then the 21st of May, in the year 
sixteen hundred and seven. On the Monday fol- 
lowing his corps was carried to S. Mary's church, 
where a funeral sermon was preached by Dr. Hen. 
Ayray the vicechancellor. Which being ended, 
the corps was removed into the chancel of the 
said church, where Isaac Wake the orator of the 
university made an elegant oration ' in praise of 
the defunct. Which being ended also, it wjis car- 
ried to C. C. coll. where (the chappel being not 
spacious enough) an oration was excellently well 
delivered from a pew, covered with mourning, in 
the middle of the quadrangle, by Dan. Featly 
fellow of that house, containing a brief history of 
the life and death of our most admired author. 
He was buried in the inner chappel of the said 
coll. under the North wall, and had a monument, 
with his bust, fastned to the said wall, bv Dr. Joh. 
Spenser his successor in the presidentship of the 
said coll. with an inscription thereon in golden 
letters ; a copy of which you may see in Hist. 8f 
Antiq. Univ. Oxon. lib. 2. p. 244. D. 

[Two declamations by Reynolds on the follow- 
ing subjects are in the Bodleian. MS. E Miiseo 142. 

1. His first soleme Lecture for his Degree, On 
the second chapter of St. Paul to the Oolossians, 
verse eight. 

ii. Ultima PralectiodeFidei Controversiis contra 
Jesuitas. 

Orationes Ann. 1567, 1568, 1569, 1570, are in 
MS. in the hands of Dr. Martin Routh, president 
of Magdalen. 

His monument is a half-length figure in the 
doctoral habit, with this inscription : 
Virtuti sacrum 

Jo. Rainoldo S.Theol. D. Eruditione, Pietate, 

' [Which oration was printed with Rainolds's Orationes 
duodecim, l6l4, and at the end of ^^'ake■8 Rex Platomcus.} 

c 



[S4«l 



1607. 




19 



COGAN. 



POPHAM. 



20 



1607. 



Infcgritate incomparabili, hujus Coll. Praes. 
Qui obiit Mail 21° An" 1<)07, ^tat. susc 58°. 
Jo. Spenser, Successor, Virtiitmn et Sauctitatis 
Admirator H. M. Amoris ergo posuit. 
Granger mentions an original portrait of Rey- 
nolds in the Bodleian gallery: but this is only one 
of the fictitious heads painted on the wall. It 
does however bear some slight resemblance to 
the print in the Heroo/ogia, which is the best. 
There was another in small 8vo. probably by 
Payne, and a third in the continuation of Bois- 
sard.] 

THOMAS COGAN, a Somersetshire man 
bom, of the same family with those of Chard, 
was elected fellow of Oriel coll. 1563, being then 
bach, of arts. Afterwards proceeding in that fa- 
culty, he entred on the physic line, and took a 
degree in that faculty 1574. The year after 
[October 8] he resigned his fellowship, being 
about that time chief master of the school at 
Manchester in Lancashire, where also he prac- 
tised his faculty with good success. He hath 
written. 

The Haven of Health, made for the comfort of 
Students, and consequentlif for all those that have a 
care of their health, &c. Lond. 1586, qu. there 
again [in 1589,] l605, and 1612, qu. 

A Preservative from the Pestilence, rcith a short 

censure of the late Sickness at Oxford Printed 

with the former. The said sickness hapned in 
1575. 

Epistolantm familiarium Ciceronis Epitome, se- 
cundum tria genera libro secundo Epist. 3 proposita. 
Cantab. l602, oct. 

Epistolte item alia familiares Ciceronis ad tria 
causaruin genera, demonstrativum, deliberutivum, 
Sfjndiciale redactee. 

Orutiones aliquot faciliores Ciceronis, in eadem 
tria genera Rhetoribus iisilata, disponta. What 
other things he wrote, I know not, nor any thing 
else of him, only that he deceased at Manchester, 
in sixteen hundred and seven, and was buried in 
the church there 10 June, leaving behind him the 
character of an able physician and Latirist, a 
good neighbour, and an honest man. 

[•"'ogan took his degree of B. A. Jan. 14, 1562. 
Dr. James Mackenzie, in his History of Health, 
Svo. Edinburgh 1758, page 300, mistakes our au- 
thor for a Thomas Morgan, of whom I can dis- 
cover no trace. Unless Mackenzie has erred in 
the name (and of this I have no doubt), there was 
a Thomas Morgan, educated at Oxford, who wrote 
a treatise with the same title as Cogan's, as well 
as gave an account of the sickness in Oxford," who 
escaped the researches of Wood. But this is very 

♦ [Mackenzie says that Morgan wrote on the Black As- 
tizes at Oxford, which was an infectious damp or plague that 
occurred during the assizes in 1577, and destroyed above five 
hundred souls Here again he seems to have mistaken a date, 
for Wood expressly tells us, Cogan wrote on the sickness that 
hjppened in 1575.J 



improbable: for, first, we cannot suppose that 
two authors wrote so near together two works 
with corresponding titles; and, secondly, the in- 
dustrious Herbert, who had in his own collection, 
and particularly registers, Cogan's Haven of 
Health, had never tliscovered or heard of any 
writer of that period with the name Thomas Mor- 
gan. It is, however, difficult to account for Mac- 
kenzie's error (which must be more than that of 
the press, for he repeats it in three places), since 
he had evidently seen the work itself, and quotes 
several passages from it. ' His (Cogan's) rules of 
health,' says Mackenzie, ' are taken for the most 
part from Hippocrates and Galen, especially from 
the latter. He treats of exercise particularly in 
a concise and masterly manner, blending his own 
observations with the precepts of the ancients.'^ 

Mackenzie had never seen Wood's life of Co- 
gan, for he supposes him (or Morgan) not to have 
proi^ceded regularly in the faculty of medicine. 

I am indebted to the Rev. Edward Copleston 
B.D. fellow of Oriel, for the following entry in the 
register of the Dean of that college, which shews, 
that the affection of our author towards his society 
was not lessened by his ceasing to be one of its 
members. ' Octob. 1 1™. Anno a partu Virginis 
1595°. Opera omnia Galeni quinque voluminibus 
novissime compactis, umbilicatis, et catenis ap- 
pendentibus : Item Anatomiam Gemini, et Ma- 
thioli in Dioscor. Comment, novis pariter integu- 
mentis et umbonibus communita et catenis alli- 
gata ex dono ornatissimi viri M" Thom* Cogan, 
olim hujus collegii socii, summo cum consensu 
propositi et socielatis in bibliotheca recepta sunt 
et reposita : parique omnium assensu remissum ei 
est et condonatum 40* debitum quo collegio tene- 
batur, adeoque in testimonium gratitudinis decre- 
tum est chirothecis donaretur, quod et factum est 
die et anno supradictis.' 

It may be added that these books are all in Oriel 
library at this time, in their original bindings.] 

JOHN POPHAM, second son of Edw. Pop- 
ham esq. of the ancient and genteel family of his 
name living at Huntworthy in Somersetshire, 
spent some time in study among the Oxonians, 
particularly, as it seems, in Baliol coll. being then 
observed to be given at leisure hours to manly 
sports and encounters. Afterwards he retired to 
the Middle-Temple, lived a loose life for a time, 
but taking up soon aft^r, his juvenile humour was 
reduced to gravity. Sb that making great profi- 
ciency in his studies, became a barrester, Summer 
or Autumn-reader of the said inn, an. 1568, Ser- 
jeant at law soon after, solicitor general in 1579, 
attorney general two years after, and treasurer of 
the Middle-Temple. In 1592 he was made L. ch. 
justice of the King's Bench, as * Cambden tells 



if 



' [HisLofHeallli, page 301.] 

Annul. Keg. Elhab. au. 1692. Vide etiam in Bri- 



tannia in com. Soin. 



21 



POPHAM. 



LYTK 



22 



[343] us, (tho' others ' say of the Common Pleas) in the 
place of sir Christop. Wray deceased, and tho 
same year he received the honour of knighthood 
from her majesty. While he held that honour- 
able office of L. ch. justice, he administred it to- 
wards malefactors with such wholsome and avail- 
able severity, that England was beholding to him 
a long time for a part of her private peace and 
home security. For the truth is, the land in his 
days did swarm with thieves and robbers, (whose 
ways and courses he well understood when he 
was a young man,) some of whom being con- 
demnecf by him to die, did gain their pardons, 
not from qu. Elizabeth, but from K. James; 
which being soon discovered to be prejudicial to 
justice, and the ministers thereof, this our worthy 
judge complained to the king of it: whereupon 
granting of pardons were not so often afterwards 
issued out.' His works that are extant are these. 

Reports and Cases adjudged in the time of Qm. 
E/izal/eth. Lond. 1656, fol. To which are added 
Remarkable Cases and Reports of other /earned 
Pens since his Death.'' These Reports were after- 
wards printed again [in folio, 1682. Bodl. C. 8. 
15. Jur.] 

Resolutions and Judgments upon Cases and Mat- 
ters agitated in all Courts at Westminster in the 
latter end of Qu. Elizabeth. Lond. in qu. col- 
lected by J oh. Goldesburg ' esq. one of the pro- 
tonotaries of the Common Pleas. At length our 
author Popham dying on the 10 of June in six- 
ie07. teen hundred and seven, aged 76 years, was buried 
in the South isle of the church at Wellington in 
Somersetshire: which town he had, for several 

} rears before, graced by his habitation. By his 
ast will and test, dated 21 Sept. 1604, and proved 
17 June 1G08, (wherein he stiles himself chief 
justice of the Pleas) he makes provision for an 
hospital to be at Wellington for 6 men and 6 wo- 
men, and for other works of charity. Afterwards 
was a noble monument erected over his grave ; 
with a short inscription thereon, wherein he is said 

' Dugdale in Citron. 5en'e ad finem Orig. Jurid. an. 1592, 
& alii. 

' [Neither did he onely punish malefactors, but provide 
for them, says Lloyd ; for observing that so many suffered 
and died for none other reason but because they could not 
live in England, now grown too populous for itself, and 
breeding more inhabitants than it could keep, he first set up 
the discovery of New England to maintain and employ those 
that could not live honestly in the old; being of opinion, 
that banishment thither would be as well a more lawdul, 
as a more effectual remedy against those extravagancies, the 
authors whereof judge it more eligible to hang, than to 
work, to end their days in a moment, than to continue them 
In pains. Statesmen and Favourites, edit. 1665, p. 536.] 

' [The additional cases to Popham are of no authority. 
Lord Holt, 1 Peere Will. \~. Worrall's Law Catalogue, 1788, 
i. 248j • 

' [Or, as he wrote it himself, Goldesborough. He was 
author of, 1. Reports, with Directions how to proceed in 
many intricate Actions. Lond. l651, 4to. Taken in con- 
junction with Richard Brownlow, who was also a protho- 
notary of the Pleas. 2. Reports from the 28th to the 43rd 
year of Elizabeth. Lond. 1653, l682, 4to.] 



to have been privy councellor to qu. Elizabeth 
and king James. 

[Aubrey tells us » that he waa ' wont to take a 
purse ' himself in his youth, which accounu for 
Wood's insinuation. It is said that he did not 
begin to study the law till he won thirty yean 
old, when being a very strong man he applied 
day and night without any prejudice U> hit 
health. Sir John was the first person, as has 
been observed, who invented the plan of sending 
convicts to the plantations, whien, says Aubrey, 
he ' stockt out o^ all the gaoles in England.' 

In the year I600 he was sent, with some others, 
by the queen, to the earl of Essex, to know the 
cause of the confluence of so many military men 
unto his house ; the soldiers therein detained him 
for a time, which some made tantamount to an 
imprisonment. This, his violent detention, sir John 
deposed upon his oath at the earl's tryal ; which, 
says my author,' ' I note the rather for the rarity 
thereof, tliat a lord chief justice should be pro- 
duced as witness in open court.'] 

HENRY LVTE esq. son of John, son of Tho. 
Lyte, was born of, and descended from, an an- 
cient family of his name living at Lytes-Carey in 
Somersetshire, became a student of this university 
in the latter end of Hen. 8, about the year 1546, 
but in what coll. or hall, I know not as yet, or 
whether he took a degree, the registers of that 
time, and in Ed. 6., being very imperfect. After 
he had spent some years in logic and philoso- 
phy, and in other good learning, he travelled 
into foreign countries, and at length retired to 
his patrimony, where, by the advantage of a good 
foundation of literature made in the university 
and abroad, he became a most excellent scholar 
in several sorts of learning, as by these books fol- 
lowing it appears, most ot which I have seen and 
perused. 

Records of the true Original of the noble Britains 
that sprang of the Remains of the Trojans, taken 

out of Oblivion's Treasure MS. The beginning 

of which is ' Isis the principal river of Britain,' Sic. 
The copy of this that I saw, was written with the 
author's own hand very neatly, an. 1592, the cha- 
racter small, lines close, some words in red ink, 
and others only scored with it. 

The mi/stical Oxon. of Oxonford, alias a true 
and most ancient Record of the Original of Oxford 
and all Britain. Or rather thus; Certain brief 
conjectural Notes touching the Original of the Uni- 
versity of Oxon, and also of all Britain called 
Albania and Calydonia Sylva. — MS. The be- 

* [Letters from the Bodleian Library, with Aubrey' i Lives, 
&c. 1813, vol. ii. page4<)2.] 

' [^L\oyi\, Statesmen and Favourites, l665, p. 535. There 
are Letters from I'opham in the Harleian MSb. 286, ('><l<).i, 
6996 and 69(17, dated in 1592, 1593 and 1595: and one to 
the lord president in behalf of Justice Saxey, dated May 20, 
1600. MS. Lambeth 6l5, fol. 225. Sfx'toMi Catalogue 
of the Archiepiscopal MSS. folio, 1818, page II9, col. a.] 

C2 



23 



LYTE. 



POWELL. 



24 



ginning of which is, ' The ancient city and fa- 
mous university of Oxford in Britayne,' &c. The 
copy also of this that I saw was w rittcn with the 
author's own hand in 1592, like the former. Tlie 
said two books being written in a small character 
and very close, arc contain'd but in a little 
quantity of paper. In the last of which, are 
many pretty fancies which may be of some use 
as occasion shall serve, by way of reply for 
Oxon, against the far-fetch'd antiquities of Cam- 
bridge. Tlicy were both sometimes in the library 
[344] of Miles Windsore formerly fellow of C. C. coll. 
after wiiose death they came into the hands of 
Bcr. Twyne, and after his, to the university of 
Oxon. 
. The Liaht of Britain, beiiig a short Siinim of the 

old English History Dedicated to qu. liliza- 

beth. 

He also translated from French into English, 
The History of P/ants, wherein is contained the 
whole discourse and perfect description of all sorts 
of Herbs and Plants, &c. Lond. 1578, fol. written 
by Rembert Dodonseus.-* It was then printed 
with sculptures from wooden cuts ; and without 

sculptures by Ninion Newton Lond. 1589, qu. 

printed the third time in fol. at Lond. I619. 
This book, which hath been taken into the hands 
of curious physicians, had an epigram ^ made on 
its first edition by that noted poet Tho. Newton, 
friend to the translator. What else our author 
Henry Lyte hath written and translated I know 
not, nor any thing of him besides, only that pay- 
ing his last debt to nature in sixteen hundred and 
>607. seven, aged 78, was buried in the North isle of 
the church of Charlton-Mackerel in Somerset- 
shire ; which isle belongs to the Lytes of Lytes- 
Carey. He left behind him two sons (or more), 
one was named Thomas, of whom I shall speak 
elsewhere, and the other Henry Lyte gent, a 
teacher sometimes of arithmetic in London, who 
published a book entit. The /Irt of Tens and De- 
cimal Jrithmetick. Lond. 1619, oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
B.31. Med.] 

[The Lytes are originally from Dutch or Al- 
maigne extraction. Sydenham. 

The manor of Lytes-Cary had its name from 
the ancient family of Lyte,- who had their habi- 

♦ [y< nievv Herlall, or Historie of Planles : wlierin is con- 
tayned the vrhole DiscouTse and perfect Description of all 
Sorlet vf Herbes and Ptantes : their diners and sundry kindes : 
their slraunge Figures, Natures, Operations and Fcrtues : 
and that not onefy of thofe whiche are here growyng in this 
OHT Countrie of hnglande, hut of alt others also nf forruyne 
Realmes, commonly used in Physicke. First set foorth in 
the Doutch or Almaigne tongue, by that learned D. Rembert 
Dodoens, Physition to the Emperour. And nowe first trans- 
lated out of French into English, by Henry Lyte Ksquyer. 
At London by my Gerard Dea'es, dwelling in Paviles Church 
Yarde.atthesigneoftheSwanne. 1578. Colophon. Im- 
printed at Antwerpe by Hen. Loe, Bookeprinter, and are 
lo be solde at London in Povvles churchyarde, by Gerard 
Drvoes.'] 
> In Illustrium aliquot Anglorum Encomiis, p. 131. 



tation here in a large mansion, in which was a 
chapel, with their arms, (viz. Gules, a chevron 
between three swans argent,) with many of their 
intermarriages, were depicted. Much of their pro- 
perty came into the family by the marriage of 
Thomas Lyte with the heiress of Drew, whose 
family derived great estates from that of Horsey. 
The said Thomas Lyte left issue several children, 
the eldest of whom, John, (the father of Henry, 
the subject of the present article) married Edith 
the daughter of John Horsey, esq. A stone in the 
church of Charlton Mackarell informs us, that 
Thomas Lyte (son of Henry) was the fourteenth 
in lineal descent of this very ancient family.*] 

GABRIEL POWELL, son of Dav. Powell, 
mentioned under the year 1390, was born at Ru- 
abon in Denbighshire (of which place his father 
was vicar) and baptized there 13 Jan. 1575, edu- 
cated in grammar learning in those parts, entred 
into Jesus coll. in Lent term 1592, took the de- 
gree of bach, of arts, and then departed for a 
time. It must now be known that Gabr. Good- 
man dean of Westminster' having founded a free 
school at Ruthyn in Denbighshire, in 1595, he 
appointed one Hob. Griffith to be the first master 
thereof. To him succeeded Rich. Parry, after- 
wards dean of Bangor and B. of St. Asaph, and 
to him, as 'tis said, Gabr. Powell our author, but 
in what year I find not.' Sure 'tis, that while he 
remained in the country, he did exercise himself 
much in the reading of the fathers, and in the 
studies of philosophy, and laid a foundation for 
several books that he intended afterwards to pub- 
lish. But being not in a possibility of compleat- 
ing his endeavours where he remained, he there- 
fore retired to Oxon, became a commoner of St. 
Mary's hall, published certain books while he was 
there, and supplicated to be bach, of divinity, but 
whether really admitted, it appears not. So that 
his name being famous for those things he had 
published, especially among the puritans. Dr. Rich. 
Vaughan, B. of London, called him thence, and 
made him his domestic chaplain, gave him a dig- 
nity, and would have done much for him had he 
lived, but he dying in l607, our author lived not 
long after. He was esteemed a prodigy of learn- 
ing in his time, being but a little above 30 years 
of age when he died ; and 'tis thought, had he , 
lived to the age of man, he would have gone be- ' " 
yond Jo. llainolds or any of the learned heroes of 
that age. His works are these, 

* [CoUinson's History of Somersetshire, 4to. I79I, vol. iiL 
p. 193.] 

' [Gabriel Goodman prebendar. 12etultimi stall! in eccli'a 
Westman. inde ad decaiiatum provectus ISOl : full prebendar. 
de Cliiswick in eccl. Pauli. Obiit 17 Jul. I6OI, ffitat. 73. 
Kennet.] 

" [Hugh Goodman was immediate predecessor to Rich. 
Parry, in the school of Ruthin, and Goodman's predecessor 
was John Price : and 1 do not find any mention of Gabriel 
Powcl in our registers, and therefore I do not believe, that he 
was schoolmaster at all at Ruthin. Humphreys.] 



25 



POWELL. 



BISSE. 



96 



The resolved Christian, exhorting to Resolution, 
&c. Lond. 1602. oct. third edit. There again, 
16IG, &c. 

Prodromus. A Logical Resolution of the first 
Chapter of the Epist. of St. Paul to the Horn. 
Lond. lf>(X). Ox. 1002. oc. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 70. 
Th.]. Printed there again in Lat. 16 15. oct. 

Theological and Scholastical Positioiu concern- 
ing Usury. Pr. wilii Prodromus. 

The Catholic's Supplication to the King for Tole- 
ration of Catholic Religion, with Notes and Ob- 
servations in the Margin. Lond. 1603. qu. [Bodl. 
4to. P. 9- Th.] 

A Supplicatory parallel-wise, or Counterpoise of 

the Protestants to the said King, Printed witli 

the Cath. Supplic. 

Reasons on both Sides for, and against, Tolera- 
tion of Divers Religions. Pr. with the Cath. 

Suppl. 

A Consideration of Papist's Reasons of State 

and Religion, for a Toleration of Popery in Eng- 

[345] land, intimated in their Supplication to the King's 

Maj. and the State of the present Parliament. 

Oxon 1604. qu. [Bodl. A. 20. 5. Line.] 

The Unlaufulness and Danger of Toleration of 
divers Religions, and Connivance to contrary Wor- 
ship in one Monarchy or Kingdom. Printed l605. 

Refutation of an Epistle Apologetical, written 
by a Puritan-Papist to persuade the Permission 
Of the promiscuous Use and Profession of' all Sorts 
of' Heresies, &c. Lond. l605. qu. [Bodl. B. 7- 13. 
Line] 

Consideration of the deprived and silenced Mini- 
ster's Arguments for their Restitution to the Use 
and Liberty of their Ministry, exhibited in their 
late Supplication to this present Parliament. 
Lond. 16O6. qu. [Bodl. A. 13. 1. Line.] 

Disputationes Theologica de Anlichristo &f ejus 
Ecclesia, Lib.<2. Lond. 1605. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 65. 
Th.] and I6O6, oct. See the History of the 
Troubles and Tryal of Archbishop Laud. cap. 40. 
p. 375. In the preface to this book, dedicated to 
the university of Oxford, the author doth enu- 
merate all those of the said university, that have 
wrote or acted against the pope and court of 
Rome. But therein having fixed most of them 
on certain colleges and halls, as if they had stu- 
died and been educated in them, hatii committed 
many errors. Among them, are, (1) That Gualo 
Britannus studied in the King's hall in Oxon, 
before 1170. (2) That John Beaconthorpe was 
of Oriel college, which cannot be, because he 
was a Carme, and was in great renown before 
that coll. was founded. (3) That cardinal Philip 
Repingdon was of Merton coll. whereas it appears 
from record that he was of Broadgate's hall, now 
Pem. coll. (4) That Pet. Payne and Hen. Parker 
were of Alls. coll. whereas they were in great 
renown, and far in years, before that coll. was 
erected, &c. 



De Adiaphoris Theset Theologica S( Scholaitiea, 
&c. Lond. 1606. Translated into Engliuli by 
T. J. of Oxon.— Lond. 1607- qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
L. 8. Th. BS.] 

Rejoinder unto the mild Defence, jn ' the 

Consideration of the silenced Ministei - _._, na- 
tion to the Parliament. [At London, by Felix 
Kyngston for Edward White. Bodl. 4to. L. 8. 
Th. B.S.] 

Comment on the Decalogue. — Printed in oct. 
This I have not yet seen, and other things, which 
probably he hath written. He departed this 
mortal life at London, in kixteen hundred and 
seven, but where buried I know not yet. His iSW. 
patron Dr. Vaughan bishop of London died in 
the beginning of that year, and Gabr. Powell 
died very shortly after, as I have been informed 
by one or more ancient divines that remembered 
him. 

[1609. 14. Oct. Gabriel Powell, S.T.B. coll. 
ad preb. de Portpole, per mortem Ric. Wood. 
clerici. Reg. Bancroft. 

Gabr. Powell admiss. ad vie. de Northall com. 
Midd. 15. Oct. 1610. 

1611, 18. Dec. Will. Pierce, S.T.B. coll. ad 
vicariam dc Northall, per mort. Gabrielis Powell, 
S.T.B. Reg. King. 

161 1, 31. Dec. rho. Saunderson, S.T. P. coll. 
ad preb. de Portpole, per mort. Gabrielis Powell. 
Ibid. 

Powell died in December, I6I 1. Kennet. 

There can be very little doubt of Wood's having 
been misinformed as to the date of Powell's death, 
unless the person noticed in the Registers above 
quoted be a different Gabriel Powell from the 
author, and this appears very improbable. The 
words ' very shortly after,' used by Wood's in- 
formers in this case, admit of a larger latitude 
than usual, for Powell died nearly four years after 
his patron Vaughan. See Newcouri's Rtperto- 
rium, i. 201. 

Powell wrote the following commendatory lines 
to Vaughan's Golden Groue, (Bodl. 8vo. U. 10. 
Art. BS.) 

Cum tria, forma, modus, situs omnia sidera 
librent, 
Jusque triplex, triplex Gratia, Parca triplex : 

Cum Sophiae triplex sit pars, partusque tri- 
formis 
Matris Opis; Stygii tela trisulca Dei: 

Quis vetet hunc tucum triplicem te dicere? 
libras 
Sidera, Jus tribuis, fata, Charinque refers. 

Auro deducis Sophiam, Vaughanne: Jehov» 
Regna, maris ftnes, Daemonis arma canis.] 

JAMES BISSE, a Somersetshire man bom, 
was elected demy of Magd. coll. in 1570, aged 
eighteen, made fellow when bach, of arts, in 74, 
and proceeding in that degre three years after, 
became a noted preacher nere and at London, 



27 



PARKES. 



LEYSON. 



PALMER. 



[WILLOUGBY.] 



28 



siihdean and canon residentiary of Wells, where 
he was much followed for his fluent and eloquent 
way of preaching, and well beneficed in that 
diocese. This person, who proceeded D. of D. 
in 1596, hath published several sermons, and per- 
haps other things, but all that 1 have hitherto 
seen are only, 

Y'tt'o Sermons : One at Paul's Cross, on John 6. 
27. T/ie other at Ch. Ch in London on the same 
Subject. Lond. [1,581, 1584,] 1585. [and without 
date'] oct. He died about the beginning of Dec. 
)t)07. j^ sixteen hundred and seven, and was buried, as 

I presume, at Wells. He had a son, or near 
kinsman, of both his names, who became rector 
of Croscomb in the said dioc. 1623, on the death 
of VV'ill. Rogers. 

RICHARD PARKES, a Lancashire man bom, 
was chosen scholar (king's scholar) of Brasen-nose 
coll. 1574, aged sixteen, entered into holy orders 
when bach, of arts, and proceeding in that degree 
1585. became a godly divine, a noted preacner, 
and admirably well read in theological and pole- 
mical authors. His works are, 

^n Apo/ogu of three Testimonies of Holy Scrip- 
ture, concerning the Jrticle of our Creed, (He de- 
scended into \\e\Y)frst impugned hi/ certain Objec- 
tions sent in Writing by a Minister unto a Gent, 
in the Country, and lately seconded by a printed 
Pamphlet, under the Name of Linibo-mastix. 
Lond. 1607. qu. [Bodl. 4to. R. 37- Th.] An- 
swered by Andr. Willet of Cambridge in his 
Loidro-Mastix. 
[346] A second Book containing a Rejoinder to a Re- 

ply made against thej'ormer Book, lately published 
in a printed Pamphlet entit. Limho-Mastix. Lond. 
1607. qu. The same year was published at 
Cambr. in qu. A Scourge for a Railer, written 
by the said Willet, against our author Parks. 
What else he hath written, it appears not, nor 
any thing besides. 

[A Richard Parke, perhaps the same author, 
translated into English from the Spanish, The 
Historie of the great and mightie Kingdome of 
China, and the Situation thereof, &c. Lond. 1588, 
in 4to.] 

THOMAS LEYSON, an eminent poet and 
physician of his time, received his first breath at 
Neath in Glamorganshire, was educated in gram- 
maticals in the famous school of Will. Wyke- 
ham, admitted perpetual fellow of New coll. 
[August 24.] 1569, took the degrees in arts, en- 
tred on the physic-line, and in 1583 was proctor 
of the university, in which year he shewed him- 
self an exact disputant before Alb. Alaskie prince 
of Sirad, when he was entertained by the Oxonian 
muses. About thiit time taking one degree in 
physic, he settled within the city of Bath, where 
he became as much noted for his happy success 
in the practice of physic, as before he was for 

» [Herbert, Typ. Antij. 1 109.] 



his Lat. poetry in the university. He wrote in 
Lat. 

A Poem describing the Scite and Beauty of St. 
Donat's Castle in Glamorganshire. — Which poem 
coming to the sight of Dr. John David Rhese his 
worthy acquaintance, who stiles it ' venustum 
poema,' he turned it into Welsh, and gave the au- 
thor of it this character, * vir ciim rei medica;, tAm 
poetices meritissimus.' I have seen much of his 
poetry scattered in several books ; which, if ga- 
thered together, might make a pretty manual. 
Sir John Harrington, the famous epigrammatist, 
had an especial respect for his learning, and so 
had Sir Edw. Stradling of St. Donat's castle, who 
never failed in all his life-time to encourage 
learning and ingenuity. John Stradling also, 
whom I shall anon mention, hath several epi- 
grams written unto him, one ' especially, upon 
the sending to him a poem of a Grott, which was 
paraphrased by Charles Thynne. This Mr. Leyson 
died at Bath, and was buried in St. James's 
church there, near to the body of his wife ; but 
the year when, I cannot tell. 1 have been credi- 
bly informed by several scholars of Wales, that 
he hath written divers other things, but what, 
they could not justly tell me. 

" EDWARD PALMER, son of Palmer 

" of Compton Scorfen in the parish of Ilmington 
" in Warwickshire, ^ (where, and in the neigh- 
" bourhood his ancestors have flourished for a 
" long time in good repute) was educated in 
" Magd. hall, where I find him in 1570, but 
" taking no degree he receded to his patrimony, 
" where his genie directing him to the studies of 
" heraldry, history, and antiquities, which were 
" in a manner natural to him, became known to, 
" and respected by, the learned men of his time, 
" particularly to Cambdon, who stiles ^ him a cu- 
" rious and diligent antiquary; as he really was. 
" What he hath published 1 know not; sure I 
" am that he made excellent collections of English 
" antiquities, which after his death coming into 
" the hands of such persons who understood them 
" not, were therefore, as I have heard, embezzled, 
" and in a manner lost. He had also a curious 
" collection of coins and subterrane antiquities, 
" which in like sort are also embezled." 

[In the Cotton MS. Otho E.x. fol. 301, b. ii. 
Mr. Palmer's Note on the Valuation of Coins cur- 
rent. This, as Mr. Ellis informs me, is in a hand- 
W'riting coeval with our author Edward Palmer, 
and may therefore be ascribed to him with much 
probability.] 

[JOHN WILLOUGBY, a member of Broad- 
gate's hall, now Pembroke college, wrote a 
pamphlet intituled ©sof fsatov ; or the anlienl and 

' In lib. I. Epigram. ' [See the Pedigree of this 

family in Dugdale's fVarwicksh. p. 033. edit. 1730.] 
^ lu Britannia in Gloucestershire. 



29 



HARWARD. 



[347] 



SACKVILLE. 




and rtie early Registers of Broadgates liall are W'ifi. qu. [Bodl. 4to. D. a2. Art.] Thi. was 

lost. Ihis article is taken from tlic papers of published after the autlior's death (as it teeau) 

our well-known antiquary Thomas Hearne, and, by one Will. Lawson, at the end of his New 

short as it is, 1 must record, with much gratitude, Orchard and Garden, &.c. VVliat other tliinn our 

the friendly, yet unsuccessful, endeavours of author S. PFarward hath written, I cannot vet 

the master ot Pembroke, (I3r. Hall) to discover find; nor do I know how to trace liim to hi» 

some memorials ot his academical life and situa- grave, because he died not at Tanridge, as a 

^'""•J worthy knight of that town, (sir VV. Huwurd) hath 

SIMON HARWARD, whose native place is '"formed me, but removed thence to another 

to me as yet unknown, became one of the chap- P'''^c> whicii I think was Blechingley before- 

lains of New coll. in 1577, was incorporated bach, mentioned, 

of arts the same ye<ir, as he had stood elsewhere, t^'l*' ^^ Simon Harward the following works: 



but in what uiiiv. or academy, it appears not. 
Afterwards he proceeded in arts as a member of 
the said coll. left the university soon after, and 
became a preacher at Warington in Lancashire. 



1. Latin Verses addressed to John (Whitgift) 
archbishop of Canterbury, and George, earl of 
Cumberland. Prefixed to his So/ace for the Sol- 
dier and Say lour, \b[)'2.. 



Thence he removed to Bansted in Surry about 2. Apologia in defemiionem Marlit Angli contra 

the latter end of Q. Elizabeth, and thence, hav- Calumiiias Mercurii Gallo- lielgici in qua conti- 

ing a ramblinw head, to Tanridge in the said «*'"'' oralio panegeretica ad heroas militenque An- 

county, where I find him in 1604, to be a school- Sf^^> "^ ^^ verba sibi certo persiiasum hubeaiit nava- 

master, and, as it seems, a practitioner in physic. ^'" *"'^ '" Ilispanos pralia aqua esse, el justa, 

His works are these, legique divinte consentanea, non autem piralica 

Two godly Sermons preached at Manchester in ^'omine insignienda, ut nuper placuit jansenio 

Lane. The First contuineth a Reproof of the subtle J^risio in Ltbro cui ut velocissimo de rebus genii* 

Practices of dissembling Neuters, and politic IVorld- ^untio Mercurii titulum prtejixit. Dedicated to 

lings, on Mom. 10. 19- The other, a Charge and *''" Thomas Egerton, lord keeper of the great 

Instruction to all unlearned, negligent, and disso- ^*^!^^- Rawlinson (who had it in MS. bound up 

lute Ministers, on Luke 20. 2. Lond. 1582. oct. ^'^h t^|c following:) 

Exhortation to the common People to seek their , 3. Enchiridion Morale; in quo virtutes quatuor 
Amendment by Prayer with God. — Printed with the Cardinales ex clarissimis oratoribus, et Poetis 
two sermons before-mentioned. He purposed Gr<ecis, Latinis, Itulicis, Ilispanis, Gallicisque 
then also to write the second part of the afore- 7*"'l^'^'>y'"<-'^s,tieicribunlur: &c. Lond. 1596, 12mo. 
said text, on Rom. 10, IQ. but because he had ^ed. to the archbishop of Canterbury. (A copy 
occasion to intreat more at large of that article ^^^^ '"J Trinity college library, Cambridge.) 
of justification in another work, which he did 4- Three Sermons upon some Portions of the 
determine to publish, he then thought good to jf"'"'"''',". J^^^^ons appointed for certairi Sabbaths: 
omit it for that time. Jfi^ P^rst containing a Display of the ttilfull De- 
Sermons, viz. [The Summum Bonum or chief '"ises of wicked and vain Horldfings ; preached at 
Ilappines of a Faithfull Christian.'] preached at '^o'ridge in Surry, ' *'-'• ' -"■' ''''■- '-" ' 



Lond. 1592. oct. 
-Printed 1590. in 



1 Feb. \J97.~ The two latter 
describing the Dangers of Discontent and Disobe- 
dience ; preached the one at Tanridge, and the other 
at Crowhurst, in July then next following. Lond. 
1599, 12mo.] 



Crowhurst, on Psal. 1. vcr. 1 
and another on 1 Sam. 12, 19. 
oct. &c. 

Solace for a Soldier and Sailor, containing an 
Apology out of the Word of God, how we are to 
esteem of the valiant Attempts of Noblemen atid 
Gentlemen of England, which incurr so many dan- 
gers on the Seas to abridge the proud Power of 
Spain. Lond. 1592. qu. 

Phlebotomy : or, a Treatise of letting Blood. 
Lond. 1601. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. F. 49. Med.] , ., , , , , , , r »* r * 

Discourse concerning the Soul and Spirit of bridge, where he had the degree of M. of A. con- 

Man, wherein is described the Essence and Dignity ^"""^ "P"" }""'}• ^''O"* 'V^ f "f "'"^' •**"}"§ .» 

thereof ^c Lond 1614 oct student m the Inner- lemple, he became a bam- 

Discourse of the several Kinds and Causes of ster, travelled into foreign parts, and was detained • 

Lightning. mitten by Occasion of a fearful for a time a prisoner in Rome ; whence, his liberty 
Lightning, 17 Nov. 1()06, which in short time burnt 
the spire-steeple of Blechingley in Surrey, and in * Tho. Milles in his Cat. of Honour, p. 418. 



THOMAS SACKVILE, a person bom to 
good letters, received his first being at or near, 
Withyam in the county of Sussex, educated in 
this university in the time of Q. Mary, (in Hart- 
hall, as it seems,) where he became an excellent 
poet. Afterwards he retired for a time to Cam- 



SO 



Cbr. 
1007- 



SI 



SACKVILLE. 



32 



was procured for his return into England, to pos- 
sess the vast inheritance left to him by his father, 
an. 15()6. The next year he was advanced to the 
degree and title of the lord Buckhurst ; and after 
he had been employ'd in several embassies, (par- 
ticularly into France 1371.) he was incorporated 
M. of A. of this university, in Jan. 1591, having a 
little before been chosen chancellor thereof. In 
the 41 of Q. Elizabeth he was constituted lord- 
treasurer of England ; and in the beginning of K, 
James was created earl of Dorset. Erom his 
puerile years to his last, he was a continual fa- 
vourer and furtherer of learning : And having 
been in his younger days poetically inclined, did 
write, while he continued in Oxon, several Latin 
and English poems, which though published, 
either by themselves, or mixed among other men's 
poems, yet I presume they are lost or forgotten, 
as having either no name to them, or that the 
copies are worn out. He had also an excellent 
faculty in composing tragedies, and was esteemed 
the best of his time for that part of the stage. 
But what remains of his labours in that way, that 
are extant, 1 could never see but this following, 

J'he Tragedy of Ferrex and Porrex, Soiis to 
Gorboduc King of Britain. — Acted before the 
queen by the gentlemen of the Inner-Temple, at 
White-hall, 18 Jan. 1361. It was printed at Lond. 
without the consent of the authors, and so conse- 
[348] quently very imperfectly, an. 1565. Afterwards 
being made perfect, it was printed there again in 
1570, or thereabouts, and after in qu. In the compo- 
sure of this tragedy (written in old English rhime) ' 
our author Sackvile had the assistance of Tho. 
Jsorton, who made the three first acts, I mean the 
same Norton who made some of the Psalms of 
David to run in rhime, as 1 have told you before. 
[See vol.i. col. 185, 186.] However Sackvile be- 
ing afterwards a noted man in the eye of Q. Eli- 
zabeth, (to whom be was an allie " by the Boleins") 
and in the state, the composition of the whole was 
attributed to him, and the ingenious men of that 
age did esteem the tragedy to be the best of its 
time, even in sir Philip Sidney's judgment, who 
tells * us, tliat ' it is full of stately speeches, and 
well sounding phrases, dimyng to the heighth of 
Seneca's stile, and as full of notable morality, 
which it doth most delightfully teach, and so ob- 
tain the very end of poesy ; yet in truth it is very 
defectious in the circumstances,' &c. Our author 
Sackvile also wrote, 

" A Preface in Prose, and Introduction in Verse, 
r J ,■ , " set before the Second Part of t lie Mir- 
the Mirrour ''<'"'■ ^f Magistrates. i\ ot to tliat edi- 
of Magi- tion of the Mirrour published by Will. 
strates, first Baldwyn, but to that, I suppose, which 
was published by Joh. Higens an emi- 



edition. 



' [This Tragedy is not in rhyme : Probably Drydcii led 
our author into this mistake, vvlio says the same. 

Whalley.] 
• In his Apology for Poetry. Lond. 1595. qu. 



nent poet of his time, whom I shall farther men- 
tion in Rich. Nicolls, an. I6l5. Which Induc- 
tion, with the Mirrour it self, were highly valued 
by scholars in the time of Q. Elizabeth. What 
else this noble person hath made public, i know 
not, nor any thing besides material of him, only 
that dying suddenly at the council-board (being 
one of the privy-council to K. James) on the 19th 
of April in sixteen hundred and eight, was buried i^Qt. 
in the church of Withyam before-mentioned, 
" leaving then the character behind him of a man 
of rare wisdom an4 most careful providence." 
From him is lineally descended Charles Sackvile, 
now earl of Dorset and Middlesex, a person that 
hath been highly esteemed for his admirable vein 
in poetry, and other polite learning, as several 
things of his composition, while lord Buckhurst, 
shew. 

[Thomas Sackville a nobleman, distinguished 
both as a politician and a man of letters, was born 
at Buckhurst, which is in the parish of Withyam, 
in 1527, as appears from the inquisition on his 
father's death 1556.' He was the son of sir 
Richard Sackville by Winifred Brydges, after- 
wards marchioness of Winchester, and grandson 
of John Sackville, esq. by Anne Boleyne, sister 
of Thomas Boleyne, earl of Wiltshire.' 

That he was educated in Oxford we have his 
own authority, since in a letter to the university, 
written after lie was chancellor, he complains that 
' verie few retaine the old academical habit, which 
in my time was a reverend distinction of your de- 
grees,' &C.9 

Previous to his leaving England he was elected 
one of the knights of the shire for the county of 
W^estmoreland ; in the first year of Elizabeth was 
chosen for Sussex, and in the fifth was returned for 
the county of Buckingham." 

In the 14th of Elizabeth, 1572, he wiis sent as 
ambassador to Charles the ninth of France, to 
congratulate him on his marriage with Elizabeth, 
daughter of the emperor Maximilian II. of which 
embassy a particular account will be found in 
Holingshed's Chronicle. And in the same year was 
one of the peers who sat on the trial of Thomas 
Howard, duke of Norfolk. 

In 1586 he was nominated one of the commis- 
sioners for the trial of Mary queen of Scotland, 
but it does not appear that he sat on that occa- 
sion. He was however the peer deputed (together 
with Iieale the clerk of the council,) to inform 
her of the result of this proceeding, and of the 
sentence found against her ^. 

In 1388 he went as ambassador to the Low 

' [Collins's Peerage of England, by Brydges, ii, lOg, 1 10.] 

' Brilish Bibliographer, li 2i)5.J 

9 [Wood's Annals, by Gutch, ii. 248 : and see tliese 
Fasti under the year lA;)!.] 

' [Collins, ut supra, p. I 13. Sir Egerton Br)da;es, (Bri- 
tish Bibliogrupher) says he was representative for the county 
of Kent. Sed qii.] 

» [Hume, Hist, of England, v. 303.] 



33 



SACKVILLE. 



34 



Countries to conciliate the provinces, who were 
disgusted witli the earl of Leicester. He dis- 
cliargcd this important and dangerous trust with 
more honest fidelity than state prudence, for he 
accused the favourite of misconduct, and by this 
openness displeased the queen, who actually 
confined him to his liouse for more than nine 
months'. 

It may, however, be presumed that Elizabeth 
soon became sensible of Sackville's merits and 
her own injustice, for, in the following year, 1589, 
we find him elected one of the knights of the 

Smarter, and this without his being present, or even 
laving any knowledge of it.« To this honour 
he was installed Dec. 18: and in tVie same year 
sat on the trial of Philip earl of Arundel. 

On the death of lord Burleigh in 15J)8, he was 
appointed lord high treasurer of England. 

It has been said that the merit of discovering 
the designs of the earl of Essex is to be ascribed 
to Sackville, who was constituted lord high 
steward at the trial of this unfortunate young 
nobleman, and executed his task with a just mix- 
ture of prudence and humanity. At the earl's 
death, the place of earl marshal becoming vacant, 
the ofiice was put in commission, and lord Buck- 
hurst was appointed one of the lords commis- 
sioners for the exercise of its duties'. 

At the death of queen Elizabeth, lord Buck- 
hurst, in conjunction with the other counsellors 
on whom the administration of the kingdom de- 
volved, signed the recognition and proclamation 
of king James, who rewarded his fidelity by the 
renewal of his patent of lord treasurer for life, 
as well as his commission for executing the office 
of earl inarshall. James also consulted him on 
the formation of his new administration, and 
placed the greatest confidence in his wisdom and 
experience. 

March 13, 1603, he was created earl of Dorset. 
He continued to execute the important trusts 
committed to his care, no less to the interests of 
his royal master, than to the satisfaction of the 
public, till his sudden death, which happened at 
Whitehall, surrounded by the first officers of 
state, and in the presence of the queen herself. 
He was first buried at Westminster Abbey, where 
a characteristic funeral sermon was preached by 
his chaplain, Dr. George Abbot: but his body was 
afterwards, according to his will, removed to the 
chapel of Withyam, on which he bestowed a 
legacy of a thousand pounds. 

Few statesmen have left a fairer character 
behind them than lord Buckhurst; few perhaps 
had more wisdom, or vigour, or vigilance ; few 
more power, and few more extensive opportuni- 
ties to exert it; yet none are there who used their 
influence with greater moderation and integrity 

' [Birgraphia Brilannica, 3547.] 

♦ |Aslimole's Order of the Garter, edit, folio, p. 301.] 

5 'Rymer's Fcedera, xvi. 384.1 

Vol. II. 



than himself. He exliibit« a rare ipeciinen of 
talent united witli virtue, of spirit nttcinpcred 
with gentleness, of high authority accompanied 
with that singleness of mind which alone can 
render a statesman worthy of tin- esteem of 
his contemporaries and the adoiiratioa of po>- 
terity. 

Having; thus briefly dismiued lord BuckhuntV 
public cnuractcr, we are now to mention iiitn a* 
an Oxford Writer, and in this light lie will be 
found equally to merit our attention and applause. 

His productions may lie thus eiiiim»-ratttl: 

1 . Sonnets. Tlu'se, as Wood supposes, are pro- 
bably lost or worn out. Warton, indeed, conjec- 
tures that the title signifies nothing more than his 
portion of the Mirror for Magiitratei, hut the 
metrical preface to Hey wood's translation of the 
Thyestes expressly mentions 

' Sackvylde's Sonnets, sweetly saufte :' 
an allusion which seems to warrant the supposition, 
that these poetical pieces were publishea distinct- 
ly, or, at least, included in some collection not now 
to be ascertained. 

2. The Tragedie of Ferrex and Porrtx tet forth 
xoithout addition or alteration but altogether as the 
same teas shewed on stage before the Queenes mates- 
tie, about nine ycarea past, viz. the xviij daie of 
Januarie, 1561. /;y the gentlemen of the Inner 
Temple. Imprinted at London by John Dayc, 
dwelling over Aldersgate. No date, but printed 
1571. (Bodl. 8vo. C. 94. Th.) This is the second 
edition; the first was printed in 1565 for William 
Griffith, in 4to, with this title. The Tragedie of 
Gorboduc, nhereof three actes were written hif 
Thomas Nortone,^ and the two last by Thomas 
Sackuule, &c. 'riiis is the imperfect copy noticed 
by Wood and animadverted on in the printer's 
preface to the corrected edition : It was reprinted 
(with The Serpent of Division) by Alldc, 4to. 1590. 
The corrected play was printed in 8vo. 1736, 
edited bySpence; again in ll&wWms'iOrigin of the 
English Drama, 1773; vol. ii, 285; and lastly in 
Dodsley's Old Plai/s hy Reed, 1780, vol. i.99. 

3. Induction to the Mirror of Magistrates. First 

trinted with the second edition of that work, 
,ond. 1563. (Bodl. 4to. B. 81. Jur.) And with the 
succeeding editions. The whole of this beautiful 
poem is here given in a note?, nor can 1 offend the 

' [Notwithstanding this assertion, I cannot fancy that 
Norton has the slightest claim to any share in this drama. 
The style is uiiifornily that of lord Buckhurst, whose poetical 
abilities were so far superior lo Norton's, as to admit of no 
mistake in the appropriation of iheir respective productions.] 

' [INDUCTION BY Thomas Sackvillk, Loi(DBt;cK> 

HURST, TO TltB MlRROtlR FOR MaGISTB\TS«. 

Printe<l from the edition in 1563. 
The wrathfull winter, nrochinee on a pace. 
With bUistring blastes, and al ybarcd the treen ; 
And olde Saturnus, with his frosty face. 
With chilling colde had pearst the tender green : 
The mantels rent, wherein enwrapped been 
The gladsom groves, that nowe lave ouerthrowen. 
The tapcis tonic, and eucrv tree downe biowen. 
D 



35 



SACKVILLE 



36 



taste and judgment of the reader by any apology 
for the length of the quotation. 

4. The Complai/nte of Henry, Duke of Ihick- 
ingham, a Poem. In the same work. 

The soyle that earst so seeniely was lo seen. 

Was all (lespoylcd of her beauties hcwe ; 

And soot freshc flowers (wherwith the S«niiner's queen 

Had clad the earth,) now Boreas' blastes dowiie blcwc : 

And small fowles flocking in theyr son^ did rewe 

Tlie winter's wrath, wherwith eche thing defaste 

In woful wise bewayld the soinmer past. 

Hawthorne had lost his motley lyverye, 

The naked twieges were shivering all for colde 

And dropping downe the teares abundantly : 

Eche thing (me thought) witli weping eye me tolde 

The cruell season, bidding me witnholde 

Myselfe within, for I was gotten out 

Into the feldes, where as I walkte about : 

When loe the night, with mistie mantels spred, 
Gan darke the daye, and dim the azure skycs, 
And Uenus in her message Hermes sped 
To bluddy Mars, to wyl him not to ryse ; 
While she her selfe api)rocht in speedy wise : 
And Uirgo, hiding her disdaineful brest, 
V^ith Thetis nowe had layd her downe to rest. 

Whiles Scorpio dreadin« Sagittarius dart 

Whose bowe prcst bent in sight, the string had slypt, 

Downe slyd into the ocean flud aparte. 

The Beare that in the Iryshe seas had dipt 

Hisgriesly feete, with spede from thence he whypt. 

For Thetis hasting from the Uirgine's bed. 

Pursued the Bear that ear she came was fled. 

And Phaeton nowe, neare reaching lo his race, 

\^Mth glistering beames, gold streamynge where they bent. 

Was prcst to enter in his resting place. 

Erythius that in the carl fyrste went 

Had euen nowe attaynde his iourneyes stent. 

And fast declining hid away bis head, 

While Titan couched him in his purple bed. 

And pale Cinthea, with her borowed light. 
Beginning to supply her brother's place, 
V\'as past the noone-steede syxe degrees in sight. 
When sparklyng starres amyd the heauen's face 
With twinkling liaht shoen on the earth apace : 
That whyle they brouj^ht about the nightes chare. 
The darke had dimmed the daye ear I was ware. 

And sorowing I to see the sommer flowers. 
The liuely greene, the lusty leas forlorne ; 
The sturdy trees so shattered with the showers. 
The fieldes so fade, that floorisht so beforne ! 
It taught me wel, all earthly thinges be borne 
To dye the death, for nought long time may last : 
The sommer's beauty yeeldts lo winter's blast. 

Then looking upward to the heauen's leames 
With nightes starres thicke powdred euery where, 
^^ hich erst so glistened with the golden streames. 
That chcarefuU Phebus spred downe from his sphere. 
Beholding darke, oppressing day, so neare ; 
The sodayne sight reduced to my minde 
The sundry cliaunges that in earth we fynde. 

That musing on this worldly wealth in thought. 
Which conies and goes more faster than we see 
The flyckering flame that with the fyer is wrought; 
My busie minde presented vnto mc 
Such fall of pieres, as in this rcalme had be; 



5. Verses to the Reader, in Commendation of 
Thomas Hohi/'s Translation of Castillo's Courtier. 
Lond. 15fil, 1577. (Bodl. 4to. Z. 125. Med.) 1588. 

6. Letter in Latin addressed to Bartholomew 

That ofte I wisht some would their woes descryue. 
To warne the rest whom fortune left aliue. 

And strayl forth stalking with redoubled pace. 
For that 1 sawe the night drewe on so fast, 
In blacke all clad, there fell before my face 
A piteous wight, whom woe had al Ibrwaslc ; 
Furth from her iyen the cristall teares outbrast. 
And syching sore her handes she wrong and folde. 
Tare al her neare that ruth was to beholde. 

Her body small forwithered and forespent. 
As is the stalke that sommers drought op|)rcst ; 
Her wealked face with woful teares besprent. 
Her colour pale, and (as it seeind her best) 
In woe and playnt reposed was her rest; 
And as the stone that droppes of water weares. 
So dented wtre her cheekcs with fall of teares. 

Her iyes swollen with flowing streames aflote. 
Wherewith her lookcs throwen vp full piteouslye. 
Her forceles handes together ofte she smote 
With dolefull shrikes that eckoed in the skye: 
Whose playnt such sighes dyd strayl accompany. 
That, in my dooine, was neuer man did see 
A wight but halfe so woe begon as she. 

I stoode agast, beholding all her plight, 
Tweene dread and dolour so distreynd in hart. 
That while my heares vpstarted with the sight. 
The teares out streamde for sorowe of her smart.' 
But when I sawe no ende that could aparte 
The deadly dewle, which she so sore dyd make, 
With dolefull voice then thus to her 1 spake. 

Unwrap thy woes, what euer wight thou be ! 
And stint, betime, to spill thy selfe wyth nlaynt. 
Tell what thou art, and whence ; for well I see 
Thou canst not dure wyth sorowe thus attaynt. 
And wiih that worde, of sorrowe all forfaynt. 
She looked vp, and prostrate as she laye. 
With piteous sound, loe! thus she gan to saye: 

Alas, I wretch whom thus thou seest distreyned 
With wasting woes, that neuer shall aslake, 
Sorrowe 1 am, in endeles tormcnies payned. 
Among tlic furies in the infernall lake ; 
Where Pluto, god of htl, so griesly blacke. 
Doth holdc his throne, and Letheus tieadly taste 
Doth rieue remembraunce of eche thyng torepast. 



Whence come I am, the drery destinie 

And luckeles lot for to bemone, of those 

Whom Fortune in this maze of niiserie. 

Of wretched chaunce, most wofull myrrours chose: 

That when thou seest how lightly they did lose 

Theyr pope, theyr power, and that they thought most sure. 

Thou mayest soone deeme no earthly ioye may dure. 

Whose rufull voyce no sooner had out brayed 

Those wofull wordcs, wherewith she sorrowed so. 

But out, alas ! she shpighl, and never stayed. 

Fell downe, and all to dasht her selfe for woe. 

The colde pale dread my lyms gan overgo. 

And I so sorrowed at her sorovves eft, 

That, what with griefe and feare, my wittes were reft. 

I stretcht my selfe, and strayt my hart reuiues. 
That dread and dolour erst did so appale ; 



37 



SACKVILLE. 



38 



Gierke, prefixed to his Latin translation of Cas- 
tillo, 1571, IGIC). Bodl. 8vo. S. 125. Art. 

7. ^n Epilogue to Junsun's Everi/ Man in his 
Humour, 1598. 

Lykc him that with the feruent feiier stryucs 
When sickenes seeUes his castell health to skale, 
With gathered spiritesso forsi I fearc to auale. 
And rearing Iter, with anguishe all fordone. 
My spirits returnd, and then I thus begonne : 

O Sorrowe, alas, sith Sorrowe is thy name, 
And that to thee this dreredoth well i>ertayne, 
1 II vayne it were to seeke to ceas the same. 
But as a man, hyni selfe wilh sorrowe slayne. 
So I, alas, do comfort thee in payiie, 
That here in sorrowe art forsonke so depe, 
'i'hat at thy sight I can but sigh and wcpe. 

T had no sooner spoken of a stike. 

But that the storme so rumbled in her brest. 

As Eolus could neuer roare the like ; 

And showers downe rayned from her ivcn so fast. 

That all l)edreynt the place, till at the last 

Well eased they the dolour of her uiinde, 

As rage of rayne doth swage the stormy wynde. 

For furth she paced in her fearfull title, 

Cum, ciun, (quod she) and see what I shall ahewe. 

Cum heare the playning and tiie bytter bale 

Of worthy men, by fortune ouerthrowe. 

Cum, thou, and see them rewing al in rowe. 

Tiiey were but shades that erst in minde thou rolde; 

Cum, cum with me, thine iyes shall them beholde. 

What could these wordes but make me more agast. 

To heare her tell whereon 1 nuisde while eare? 

So was I mazed thcrewyth, tyil at the last 

Musing vpon her wurdes and what they were. 

All sodaynly well lessoned was uiy fcare : 

For to my minde returned, how she telde 

Both what she was, and where her wun she heldc. 

Whereby I knewe that she a goddesse was. 
And therewithal! resorted to my minde. 
My thought that late presented me the glas 
Of brittle state, of cares that here we finde. 
Of thousand woes to silly men assynde; 
And howe she nowe byd me come and beholde 
To see with iye thstf erst in thought 1 rolde. 

Flat downe I fell, and wilh al rcuerencc 

Adored her, perceyuing nowe that she 

A goddesse, sent by godly prouidence, 

In earthly shape, thus showed her selfe to me. 

To wajle and rue this worldes vncertavnlye : 

And while I honourd thus her godhed's might, 

With playning voyce, these wurdes to me she shryght. 

I shal the guyde first to the griesly lake. 

And thence vnto the blisful place of rest ; 

Where thou shall see and heare the playnt they make 

That whilom here bare swinge among the best. 

This shalt thou see : but great is the vnrest 

'I'hat thou must bvde, before thou canst allayne 

Unto the dreadfull place where tliese reiuayne. 

And with these wurdes as I vprtiyscd stood. 

And )>an to folowe her that strayglit furth paced, 

Kare I was ware, into a desert wood 

We nowe were cum ; where, hand in hand imbraced. 

She led the way, a;id through tlie thickc so traced 

As, but I had bene guyded by her might. 

It was no waye fur any mortiill wight. 



8. Various Letters. They are to be found in 
the Cada la ; llov/nnVs Collection; MS. Wood in 
liie Ashuiole Museum, H4[)'3; M.SS. Harl. G77, 
703, 20y;3, 6995, (MMd, f»997 ; MSS. Cotton, C*- 

Rut loe ! while thus amid the docrt darke 
We jiassed on, wilh steppes and [lacc vnmetc, 
A rumbling roar, confuvle wilh nowie and barke 
Of dogs, shoke all the ground viider our feele. 
And stroke the din within our cares so deepc. 
As halfe distraught vnlo thcgromid I fell, 
Besought retourne, and not to visile hell. 

But she forthwith, vpliftin^ mc apace, 
Kemoued my dread, and with a sledfast minde 
Bad nie come on, for here was now the place. 
The place where we our Irauayle ende should finde. 
W'herewith I arose, and to the place assynde 
Astoynde I staike, when strayt we upprochcd nere 
The dredfull place, that you wil dread to here. 

An hydeous hole al vaste, withouten shape. 
Of endles depth, orewhehnde with rasged stone, 
Wyth ougly mouth and grisly jawes doth gape. 
And to our sight confounds il selfe in one. 
Here entred we, and yeding forth, anone 
An horrible lotidy lake we might discerne. 
As blackeas pitche, that clepeu is Auerne. 

A deadly eidfe where nought' but rubbishe growes. 
With fo\vle blacke swelth in thickned lumpes y' lyes, 
Which vp in the aycr such stinking vapors throwes. 
That ouer there may flye no fowie out dyes, 
Choakt with the jiestilent sauours that aryse. 
Hither we cum, whence forth we still dyd pace 
In dreadful feare, amid the dreadfull place. 

And first within the portche and iawea of hell 

Sate die|>e remorse of consciekce, al besprent 

With tearcs, and to her selfe oft would she tell 

Her wretchednes, and cursing neuer stent 

To sob and sigh, but euer thus lament 

With thoughtful care ; as she that, all in vayne. 

Would weare and waste contiimally in paync. 

Her iyes vnstedfast, rolling here and there, 

Whurld on eche place, as place that vengeauns brought. 

So was her minde continually in feare ; 

Tossed and tormented wilh the tedious thought 

Of ihose detested crymes which she had wrought : 

With dreadful chcare, and lookes throwen to the skye, 

Wyshyng for death, and yet she could not dye. 

Next sawe we Dread, al tremblyng how he shooke, 
Wilh foote vncertayne, profered here and there ; 
Benumde of speache, and, wilh a gaslly lookc, 
Searcht euery place, al pale and dead for fcare. 
His cap borne vp wilh suiring of his heare : ^ 

StoTnde and amazde at his owne shade for dreed. 
And fearing greater daungcrs than was nede. 

And next, within the entry of this lake. 

Sale fell Reuenge, gnashing her teeth for yre ; 

Deuising meanes howe she may vengeauncc uke; 

Neuer in rest tyll she haue her desire ; 

But frets within so far forth with the fyer 

Of wreaking flames, that nowe determines she 

To dye by death, or vengde by death to be. 

When fell Reuege, with bloudy foule pretence. 
Had showed her selfe as next in order set. 
With trembling limmes we softly parted thence, 
Tyll in our iyes another sight we met : 
W hen fro my hart a sigh forthwith 1 fel, 
D 2 



39 



SACKVILLE. 



40 



ligula D ii, 503. E viii, 175, 519. Nero B vii, 
169. Galba C ix, 230 b; xi,6l, 337,348,352: 
D i, 15, .35, 51, 96, 107, 119, 132 b; ii, l63 b; 
iii, 113; iv, 241; v, 149, 177; xiii, 'i'27. Vesp. 

Rewing alas vpon her wofuU plight 

Of MlSEKiE, that next appcred in sight. 

His face was leane, and sum deale pyned away. 
And eke his handes consumed to the Iwne, 
But what his bo<ly was I can not say, 
For on his carkas raynient he had none 
Saue clouies and patcl\es peiccd one by one. 
With staffe in hand, and skri|> on shoulders cast. 
His chiefe defence ag.\ynst the winters blast. 

His foode, for most, was wylde frtiytes of the tree, 
Unles sumtime sum crvimmcs fell to his share, 
Which in his wallet long, God wotc, kept he. 
As on the which full dayntlye would he faro : 
His drinke the nmning streame, his cup the bare 
Of his palmc closed, his bed the hard cold grounde : 
To this poore life was Miserie ybound. 

Whose wretched stale when we had well bchelde. 

With tender ruth on him and on his feres, 

In thoughtful cares furth then our pace we helde;. 

And, by and by, an other shape appcres 

Of greedy Care, stil brushing vp llie breres : 

His knuckles knobd, his fleshe deepe denied in. 

With tawed handes, and hard ytanned skyn. 

The morrowe graye no sooner hath begiuine 
To spreade his light, euen |)eping in our iyes. 
When he is vp, and to his worke yrunne, 
But let the nightcs bfacke mistyc mantels rise, 
And with fowle darke neuerso much disguyse 
The fayre bright day, yet ceasseth he no wliyle. 
But hath his candels to prolong his toyle. 

By him l?y heauy Slepe, the cosin of death. 
Flat on the ground, and still as any stone; 
A very corps, save yelding forth a breath ; 
Small kepe tooke he, whom Fortune frowned on» 
Or whom she lifted vp into the trone 
Of high renowne, but, as a lining death. 
So dead aly ve, of lyef he drewe the breath. 

The bodye"s rest the quyete of the hart, 

The travayle's ease, the still nighle's feer was he. 

And of our life in earth the better parte ; 

Reuer of sight, and yet in whom we see 

Thinges oft that tide and ofte that neuer bee ; 

Without respect, esteming equally 

Kyng Cresus pompe and Jrus' pouertie. 

And next, in order sad, Olde Age we found; 
His beard al hoare, his iyes hollow and blyndc. 
With drouping chere still poring on the ground. 
As on the place where nature hnn assinde 
To rest, when that the sisters had vnlwynde 
His vitall threde, and ended with theyr knyfe 
The fleting course of fast declining life. 

There heard we him, with broken and hollow playnt, 
Rewe with him sctfe his ende approching fast. 
And, all for nought, his wretched minde torment 
With swete remembraunCe of his jilcasures past. 
And frcshe delites of lusty youth forwaste: 
Recounting which, how would he sob and shrike. 
And to be yong againe of Joue besekel 

But, and the cruell fates so fixed be 

That tioie forepast can not retoume agayne. 



F xii, 209. Titus B ii, 353; vi, 101; xiii, 
5G5. 

After the long extract already given ot" Sack- 
ville's poetry, a few lines only shall be offered 

This one request of Joue yet prayed he ; 
That in such withered plight, and wretched paine. 
As elde (accompanied wiih his lolhsom trayne) 
Had brought on him, all were it woe and griefc. 
He myght a while yet linger forth his lieff 

And not so soone descend into the pit; 

Where Death, when he the mortall corps hath slayne. 

With retchclcs haiidc in grave doth couer it; 

Thereafter neuer to enioye agayne 

The gladsome light, but, in the ground ylayne. 

In depth of darkenes waste and weare to nought. 

As he had neuer into the world been brought. 

But who had scene him sobbing howe he stoode 

Unto him selfe, and howe he would bemone 

His youth forepast, as though it wrought hym good 

To talke of youth, al wer his youth foregone ; 

He would h;me mused, and mcruayld muche whereon 

Tliis wretched age shoidd life desyre so fayne. 

And knowes ful wel life doth but length his payne. 

Crooke-backt he was, toothshaken, and blere iyed ; 
\\'ent on three feete, and sometime, crept on fower; 
With olde lame bones, that railed by his syde; 
His skalpe all pilde, and he with elde forlore. 
His withered fist still knocking at Deathe's dore; 
Fumbling and driucling, as he drawes his breth. 
For briefe, the shape and messenger of death. 

And fast by him pale Maladie was plaste; 
Sore sicke in bed, her colour al forgone. 
Bereft of stoinake, sauor, and of taste ; 
Is'e could she brooke no meat, but brothes alone ;. 
Her breath corrupt, her kcpers eueryone 
Abhorring her, her sickenes past recure. 
Detesting phisicke, and all piiisicke's cure 

But, oh, the doleful sight that then we see ! 
We turndeour looke, andon the other side 
A griesly shape of Famine mought we see; 
With greedy lookes, and gaping mouth, that cryed 
And roard for meat, as she should there haue dyed : 
Her body thin and bare as any bone, 
Wherto was left nought but the case alone. 

And that, alas, was knawen on euery where. 
All full of holes; that I ne mought refrayne 
From tcares, to se how she her armes could teare. 
And with her teeth gnashe on the bones in vayne. 
When, all for nought, she fayne would so sustayne 
Her starven corps, that rather seemde a shade. 
Then any subsUmnce of a creature made. 

Great was her force, whom stone wall could not stay; 

Her tearyug nayles snatching at all she sawe; 

W^ilh gaping jawcs, that by no nieauesymay 

Be satisfyed from hunger of her mawe, 

But eates her selfe as she that hath no lawej 

Gnawying, alas, her carkas all in vayne. 

Where you may count cche sinow, bone, and vayne. 

On her while we thus firmely fixt our iyes. 
That bled for ruth of such a drery sight, 
Loe, sodaynelye she shryglit in so hugh wyse. 
As made hell gates to snyver with the myght: 
Wherewith, a darte we sawe, howe it did lyght 
Ryght on her brest, and therewithal pale DeatH- 
Euthcyllyng it, to revc her of her breath ; 



41 



SACKVILLE. 



42 



from his Ferrer and Porrex, which may, with 
justice, be considered as the first rcgiihir drama 
in the English language. They are taken from 
the chorus which terminates the fourth act : 

And, by and by, a dum dead corps we sawc, 
Heaiiy and colde, the shape of death aryght. 
That dauntes all earthly creatures to his lawe, 
Agaynst whose force in vayne it is to fyght; 
Ne piers, ne princes, nor no mortall wyght, 
Ne towncs, ne realmes, cities, ne strongest tower. 
But al, perforce, must yeeld vnto his power. 

His dart, anon, out of the corps he tooke. 
And in his hand (a dreadfull sight to see!) 
With great tryumphe eftsoncs the same he shooke. 
That most of all my fcares affrayed me : 
His bodie dighl with nought but bones, perdye. 
The naked shape of man there sawe 1 playne. 
All save the flcshe, tlie synowe, and the vayne. 

Lastly, stoode Warre, in glitteryng amies yclad. 

With visage grym, sterne lookes, and blackely hewed; 

In his right hand a naked sworde he had. 

That to the hikes was al with blud erabrewed ; 

And in his left, (that kinges and kingdoines rewcd) 

Famine and fyer he held, and thercwythall 

He razed townes, and threwe downe towers and all. 

Cities he sakt, and realmes (that whilom flowred 
In honor, glory and nde above tlie best) 
He overwhelmde, and all theyr fame deuowred. 
Consumed, destroyed, wasted, and neuer ceast 
IVll he theyr wealth, theyr name, and all, opprest. 
His face forhewcd with woundes ; and by his side 
There hunge his targe, with gashes depe and wyde. 

In mids of which, depaynted there wefounde 

Deadly Debate, al ful of snaky hcare 

That with a blouddy fillet was ybound, 

Outbrething nought but discord eucry where: 

And round about were [wrtrayd here and there- 

The hugie hostes, Darius and his power, 

His kynges, prynces, his pieres, and all his flower. 

Whom great Macedo vanquisht, there in sight. 

With diepe slaughter dispoyling all his pryde, 

Pearst through his realmes, and daunted all his might. 

Duke Hanniball beheld I there, beside. 

In Cannas field, victor howe he did ride ; 

And woful Romaynes that in vayne withstoode,. 

And consull Paulus covered all m blood. 

Yet sawe I more, the fight at Trassmcne, 
And Trebury fyeld, and eke when Hanniball 
And worthy Scipio last in armes were scene 
Before Carthago gate, to trje for all 
The worlde's enipyre, to wliom it should befal. 
There sawe I Pompeye and Cesar clad in armes, 
Theyr hostes alyed, and al theyr civil harmes. 

With coquerours hands forbathde in their owne blood,. 

And Cesar weping ouer Pompeyes head, 

Yet sawe I Scilla and Marius where they stoode,, 

Theyr great crueltie, and the diepe bludshed 

Of frendes, Cyrus 1 sawe, and his host, dead. 

And howe the quecne with great despyte hath flonge 

His head in bloud of them she overcome. 

Xerxes, the Percian kyng, yet sawe I there 
With his huge host that dranke the riuers drye. 
Dismounted nilles, and made the vales vprere; 
His hoste and all yet sawe I slayne, perdye. 
Thebw I sawe all razde, howe it dyd lye 



Whan greedy Lust, in royal! seatc to reigtie, 
Hath reft ail care of goddes, and eke of men, 

And Cruel] Hart, VV'ratli, Treason, and DiMUuflC, 
Within ambicious brest are lodged, then 

In heapes of stone*, and Tjrnu put to ipoylc. 
With wallci and tower* flat eucned wtih the toyU. 

But Troy, alaal (me thought) aboue them all. 
It made myne iyo in very tcarc* coniume) 
When I beheld the woful! werd befall 
That by the wrathful! wyl of Godi wa* come. 
And Jovcs vnmoovcd Kntcnce and foredoomc 
On Priam kyng, and on his (owne io bent, 
I could not lyn but I mutt there lament : 

And that the more, aith Destinic wai to tteme 

As, force perforce, there might no force auayle 

But she must fall, and by her fall we learoc 

That cities, towres, wcaltti, world, and all iliall quayle. 

No manhoode, might, nor nothing motight preuayle 

Al were there prest, ful many a pryncc and pierc. 

And many a knight that solde his death full deere. 

Not wurthy Hector, wurlhycsl of them all, 
Her hoi>e, her ioyc, his force is nowe for nought : 
O Troy, Troy, there is no t>ooic but bale ! 
The hugie horse within thy wallcs is brought ; 
Thy turrets fall, thy knyghtcs that whilom fotight 
In armes amyd the fyeld, and slayne in bed ; 
Thy Gods defylde, and all thy honour dead. 

The flames vpspring, and cruelly they crepe 

From wall to roofc, till all to cindres waste ; 

Some fyer the houses, where the wretches slepe. 

Sum rushe in here, sum run in there as fast; 

In euery where or sworde, or fyer, they taste: 

The walles are torne, the towers whurUl to y " ground ; 

There is no mischiefe but may there be found. 

Cassandra yet there sawe I howe they halctl 

From Pallas house, with sjicrclcd tressc viidone. 

Her wristes fast boud, and with Greek's rout empaled; 

And Priam eke in vayne howe he did runnc 

To armes, whom Pyrrhus with despite hath done 

To cruel death, and bathed him in the bayne 

Of his Sonne's blud, before the altare slayne. 

But howe can I desciyve the doleful sight 
That in the shyldc so liuelikc fayer did shynef 
Sith in this world I thinke was neuer wyght 
Could haue set furth the halfe not halfe so fyne. 
Lean no more but tell howe there is scene 
Fayer Ilium fal, in burning red gledes, downe. 
And from the soyle great 'I roy, Neptunus towne. 

Herefrom when scarce I could mine iye« wllhdrawe,. 

That fylde with teares as doeth the spryngyng well. 

We passed on, so far furth, tyl we sawe 

Rude Acheron, a lothsome lake to tell, 

That boyles and bubs vp swellh as blacke M hell : 

Where grisly Charon at theyr fixed tide 

Stil ferreies ghostcs vnto the farder side. 

The aged God no sooner Sorowe spyed. 
But hasting sirayt vnto the bankc apace. 
With liollow call vnto the rout he crjctl 
To swarve apart, and geue the goddesse place : 
Strayt it was done, when to the shoar we pace. 
Where, hand in hand, as we then linked fast. 
Within the boate we are together plasle : 

And furth we launch, ful fraughied, to the brinke. 
Whan with the vnwonled weyghi the rustye keele 



43 



SACKVILLE. 



TOMSON. 



44 



Beholde how Miscliiefe wide her selfe displayes, 
And with the brother's hand the brother slayes. 
When blond thus shed doth staine the heauens 
face, 

fiegan to cracke, as if the same should sinke; 
We hoyse vp mast and sayle, that in a whylc 
We fet the shore, where scarcely we had wliile 
For to arryve, but that we heard anone 
A thre sound barke confounded al in one. 

We had not long furth past but that we sawe 
Blacke Cerberus, the hydeous hound of hell. 
With bristles reard, and with a thre mouthed jawe, 
Foredinning the ayer with his horrible yel, 
Out of tlie diepe darke cave where he did dwell : 
The goddesse strayt he knewe, and by and by 
He peaste, and couched while that we passed by. 

Thence cum we to the horrour, and the hel. 
The large great kyngdomes, and tlie dreadful raygne 
Of Pluto, m his trone, where he dyd dwell ; 
The wyde waste places, and the hugye playne; 
The waylinges, shrykes, and sundry series of payne; 
The syghes, the sobbcs, the diepe and deadly groane; 
Earth, ayer, and all, resounding playnt and moane. 

Here pewled the babes, and here the maydes vnwed 
With folded handcs, theyr sory chaunce bewayled ; 
Here wept the gyllles slayne, and louers dead 
That slewe them selues when nothyng els auayled ; 
A thousand sortes of sorrowes here that wayled 
With sighes and teares, sobs, shrykes, and all yfere. 
That, on, alas! it was a hel to heare. 

We stayed vs strayt, and wyth a rufull feare 
Beheld this heauy sight, while from mine eyes 
The vapored teares downstilled here and there. 
And Sorowe eke, in far more woful wyse, 
Tooke on with playnt, vp heauing to the skyes 
Her wretched handes, that, with her crye, the rout 
Gan all in heapes to swarme vs round about. 

Loe, here, (quoth Sorowe,) prynces of renowne 
That whilora sat on top of Fortune's wheele, 
Nowe layed ful lowe, like wretches whurled downe 
Euen with one frowne, that stayed but with a smyle; 
And nowe behold the thing that thou erewhile 
Saw only in thought, and what thou now shah heare, 
Recompt the same to Kesar, king 8c pier. 

Then first came Henry, duke of Buckingham, 
His cloke of blacke, all pilde, and quite forworne. 
Wringing his handes, and Fortune ofte doth blame. 
Which of a duke hath made him nowe her skorne; 
With gastly lookes, as one in maner lorne. 
Oft sprcd his armes, stretcht handes he ioynes as fast. 
With ruful chere, and vapored eyes vpcast. 

His cloke he rent, his manly breast he beat; 
His heare al tome, about the place it laye ; 
My hart so moke to see his griefe so great. 
As felingly, me thought, it dropt awaye : 
His iyes they whurled about withouten staye : 
With stormy syghes the place dyd so complayne. 
As it his hart atechc had burst in twayne. 

Thryse he began to tell his doleful tale. 
Ana thrise the sighes did swalowe vp his voyce; 
At eche of which he shryked so wylhal. 
As though the heauens rived with the noyse: 
Tyll, al the last, recovering his voyce; 
Supping the te-ires that all his brest beraynde 
On cruel Fortune, weping, thus he playnde.] 



Crying to loue for veiigeiuice of the deede, 

The mightie God euen moueth from his place 
With wrath to wreke. Then sendes he forth with 
spede 

The dreadfuU Furies, daughters of the Night, 
With serpentes girt, carying the whip of ire, 

With heart of stinging snakes, and shining bright 
With flames and blond, and with a brand of fire. 

These for reuenge of wretched murder done. 

Do make the mother kill her onely sonne ! 

Blood asketh blood, and death must death re- 
quite : 
Joue, by his iust and euerlasting dome, 

Justly hath euer so requited it ; 
The times before recorde, the times to come 

Shall finde it true, and so doth present proofe 

Present before our eyes for our behoofe. 

Sign. F. iv, b ; and G. i. 

There is a head of lord Dorset by Vertue, but the 
best will be found in Lodge's IlhistriousPersoiiages, 
which is engraved from the original at Knowle.] 

LAURENCE TOMSON was born in Nor- 
thamptonshire, elected demy of Magd. coll. 1556, 
aged 1 7, and soon after, being a great proficient 
in logic and philosophy, was admitted proba- 
tioner, 11 Sept. 1559, and the year after perpetual 
fellow of the said coll. In 1564, he proceeded in 
arts, was with sir Tho. Hoby in his embassy to 
France ; and in 1568 he resigned his fellowship. 
What became of him afterward let his epitaph 
following speak, while I tell you that he trans- 
lated from Latin into English (1) Sermons on the 
Epistles to Timothy and Titus. Lond. 1579. qu. 
written by John Calvin. (2) Version and Anno- 
tations on the 'New Test. Lond. [1576, 1577] 
1589- in Oct. [and frequently afterwards.] Which 
Version and Annot. were made in Lat. by Theod. 
Beza.' He also translated from French into 
English (1) A Treatise of the excellency of a 
Christian Man. Lond. 1576, [Bodl. 8vo. P. 17. 
Th. BS.] 85, [and 89,] in oct. written by mon- 
sier Peter de la Place one of the king's council, 
and chief president of the court of Aides in Paris. 
(2) The Life and Death of Pet. de la Place, &c. 
Lond. 1576, 85, [and 89] in oct. What other 
things he hath translated, or what he hath writ- 
ten, I cannot tell. He concluded his last day in 
sixteen himdred and eight, and was buried in the 

' \TheNewe Testament of our Lord Jesus Christ translated 
out ofGreeke ly Theod. Beza: fVhereunto are adjoyned large 
Expositions of the Phrases and hard Places by the Author 
and others. Together with a Table or Concordance concern- 
ing the principatl Wordes and Matters comprehended hereitt. 
Englished by L. Tomson. Imprinted at London by the De- 
puties of Christ. Barker, printer to the Queen's most excel- 
lent Majestic. \5QQ. 4to. With a large Epist. ded. to the 
right hon'^''-' sir Francis Walsingham Knight, principall Se- 
cretary to her excellent Ma''*' &c. Kennet. It was first 
printed in 1583, 4to. but seldome varies so much as a word 
from the Geneva translation. Baker. Peck, in a Letter to 
Dr. Kawhnson, mentions an edition of the same date, 1083, 
in folio.] 



45 



VVAUFOIU). 



WILKES. 



46 



chancel of the cliiirch at Chcrtscy in Sumy. 
Over his grave was a bhick marble with iliis epi- 
taph in gold letters soon after fastened on the 
east-wall of the said chancel, ' Laurcntio Toni- 
sono honestii Tomsonioruin fainilia in agro Nor- 
thamptonionsi oriundo, incollegio Magdul.Oxon. 
educato, peregrinatione Sucvia^, Kussiie, Dania', 
fiemiania', Italia-, (jalliac nohilitatu: duodccini 
hnguarum cognilione instructo ; Thcologia*, 
Juris civilis &. niunicipalis nostri, totiusqne litcra- 
turae politioris scicntia; claro : ingenii acumine, 
disputandi subtilitate, eioquendi suavitate & le- 
pore, virtute omni pietateque insigni : linguae 
Hebraica; publica Geneva; professione celebri : 
accurata f^Jovi Tcstamenti translatione notabiii : 
In politicis apud Walsinghaniuin Elizabetha; re- 
ginae scribam pra?cii)uum diu mnltunujue exerci- 
tato : post cujus mortem vitu; privatte umbrati- 
lisque jucunditate annos XX. ' continuos Lala- 
1^34!)] mia; Middlesexiae perfuncto, & septuagenario 
placidissime religiosissimeque defuncto quarto 
calendas Aprilis an. 1608. Uxor Jana, & Jana 
filia ex quinque una superstes filiabus, anioris 
ergo posuerunt 8t piotatis. Vivunt qui Domino 
moviuntur.' The report at Chertscy is, that he 
built the !}ouse which now stands on the top of 
S. Ann's-hill in Chertscy parish, out of the ruins 
of S. Ann's chapel, and on the very place where 
that chapel stood ; having a ])rospect into several 
counties : In which house, tiie inhabitants of the 
neighbourhood will tell you, that this learned 
author died. 

[The following may be added to Wood's list 
of Tomson's worKs : 

1. Mary, the Mother of Christ, her Tears. 
Lond. 1596. 8vo. 

2. jin Amrter to M. FecknanCs Objection to 
Mr. Cough's Sermon, preached in the Tower, 
15 Jan. 1570. Made by L. T. Lond. by Bynne- 
man, without date, 8vo. 

.3. Propositions taught and mayntained by Mr. 
Hooker, (author of The Ecclesiastical Politic.) 
The same brieflu confuted by L. T. in a private 
Letter ; Maich 2o, 1585. MS. Harl. 291. 
fol. 183. 

In the Cotton MSB. are the following docu- 
ments relating to his embassies : 

Instructions upon which Tomson, Secretary Wal- 
singham's Man, should confer uith an Italian at 
Bologne; and Thomson's Proceedings thereupon. 
MS. Cotton, Caligula C v, fol. 113. 

Brief Demands on the State of the Loic Coun- 
tries made by Mr. Tomson to Evert Monkkoven of 
Jntwerp; and his Anszcer thereto. July 1590. 
MS. Cotton, Galba D vii, fol. l63.] 

WILLIAM WARFORD received his first 
breath in that part of Bristol which is in Somer- 
eetshire, was admitted a scholar of Trinity coll. 

' Sir Fr. Walsingham died ISQO, and therefore he lived 
not there 20 years. 



1.') June 157(i, [>ri)bationer two yeiu't after, bMBft 
tiicn bach, of arts, fellow 1579, aud nuuter <7 
arts in 82. But having more a mind tu the R. 
Cath. religion, in which he wa» partly educated, 
than to Protestancy, he left the college, hia 
friends and the nation, went to Home, and ob- 
taining entrance into the Kngiij>li coll. there, 
profited very much in divinity. At length lieing 
ordained priest, lie was sent into the niiitHion of 
England, where making but little stay, he returned 
to Home, and in the year 159-1 he wa» entred 
into the society of Jesui. Afterwardii being sent 
by his superiors into Spain, he spent the remain- 
der of his time in the English seminaries there. 
He hath written, 

A short Institution containing the chief Myrtt- 
ries of Christian lieligion, collected from the iloly 
Scriptures and Fathers. Sevil KKK), and at S. 
Omers in l6lG. Translated into Latin by Tho. 
More a Jesuit, descended from the famous sir 
Tho. More, sometimes lord chancellor of Eng> 
land; — Printed at S. Omers in 1617- The said 
Warlord also translatetl into English several of 
the Histories of Saints, written by Pet. Ribade- 
nira, but died, before he could finish them, at 
Valladolid in Spain on the 3 Nov. (according to 
the accompt there followed) in sixteen hundred ifioe. 
and eight, and was buried in the college of the 
Jesuits there, leaving behind him other matters, 
which were in a matter fit for the press, and the 
character among those of his profession of a godly 
and learned man. 

[Scripsit Anglicc, snb nomine Geo. Douleii, 
sacerdotis, 1. Brevem fnstitntionem, &.c. Hispali 
1600, 12mo. 2. Hrevem Tractatum de Poeniten- 
tin, &,c. Aiidomari l633, in Ifimo. Sotwellus, 
Bibl. Script. Soc. Jesu, p. 321. Baker.] 

WILLIAM WILKES, a most excellent 
preacher in the court of K. James I. was bom 
within the diocese of Litclifield and Coventry, 
elected probationer-fellow of Merton coll. m 
1572, entred into the sacred function when mas- 
ter of arts, and in 1580 became vicar of the 
church of S. Peter in the Ejist, within the city 
of Oxon, by the presentation thereunto of the 
warden and society of the said coll. where for his 
excellent scnnons he was much frequented by 
schoUars and citizens. Afterwards taking the 
degrees in divinity he resigned the said church, 
being well beneficed in W iltshire, and dignified. 
After K. James came to the English crown he 
was made one of his chaplains in ordinary, 
preached often before him to his great content, 
and wrote. 

Of Obedience or Ecclesiastical Union. Lond. 
1605. oct. 

J Second Memento for Magistrates, directing 
how to reduce all Offenders; and being reduced, 
how to preserve them in the Unity and Iatcc both 
in Church and Coinmon-tcealth. Lond. 1608. 



47 



CORDEROY. 



BARNES 



48 



Clar. 
1608. 



f.SoO] 



Clar. 
j608. 



Clar. 
jeo8. 



(oct.) As for the first Memento I have not yet 
seen it, iinless it be meant of the Book of Obe- 
dience, &c. He died at Barford S. Martins in 
AV'ihshire, of whiclr he wivs rector, leaving be- 
hind him only one daughter named Mar^-, who 
was married to John Marston of the city of Co- 
ventry, gentleman. Which John dying 2o June 
1634, was buried in the church belonging to the 
Temples in London, near to the body of John 
Marston his father, sometimes a counsellor of the 
Middle Temple. 

JEREMY CORDEROY, a gentleman's son 
of \\ iltshire, of the same familj' with those of 
Chute in that county, became a commoner of S. 
Albans-hall, in 1577. or thereabouts, took the 
degrees in arts, studied divinitj^ many years, and 
being a frequent preacher in Oxon, was made 
one of the chaplains of Merton coll. in 1590, at 
which lime, and during his stay in 0.\on, (which 
was at least 13 years after) his life and conversa- 
tion was without e.xception. He hath written, 

A short Dialogue, zcherein is proved, that no 
Man can be saved without good Works, Oxon, 
1604. in tw. second edit. [Bodl. 8vo. C. 108. Th.] 
The dialogue is between a gallant and a scholar of 
Oxford and a church Papist, wherein is proved 
that good works are necessary to salvation.* He 
wrote another book also, entit. 

A fVarnifig for Worldlings, or a Comfort to the 
Godlif and a Terror to the Wicked, in a Dialogue 
between a Scholar and Traveller. Lond. 1608. in 
tw. [Bodl. Bvo. C. 108. Th.] At which time 
tho' the author was a deserving person, yet he was 
not preferr'd to a living, and whether he was 
afterwards, (he being scrupulous of taking one) I 
know not, nor of any other books that ne hath 
published. 

. BARN ABE BARNES, a younger son of 
Rich. Barnes bishop of Durham, was a York- 
shire man born, and at about 17 years of age, 
1586, became a student in Brasen-nose coll. but 
left the university without a degree, and what 
became of him afterwards I know not. His works 
are these, 

A divine Centun/ of spiritual Sonnets. Lond. 
[Printed by John Wmdet] 1595. 4to. dedicated 
to Tob. Matthews B. of Durham. ^ 

Four Books of Offices ; enabling private Persons 
for the special Service of all good Princes and 
'Polities. Lond. 1606. Fol. [Bodl. AA. 100. 
Art.] 

The DeviVs Charter : a trag. containing the life 
and death of P. Alex. 6. Lond. 1607. oct. One 
Barnabe Barnes of the city of Coventry died in 
the time of the civil war (about 1644.) leaving 
behind him a widow named Margery, but what 

• [So says the title, which Wood had given incorrectly.] 
' [To these Sonnets is added A Hymne to the glorious 
Honor qf the blessed Trinitie, Park.] 



relation there was between this and the former 
Barnabe, or whether the saine, I cannot tell. 

[In 1591, Barnes accompanied the carl of 
Essex in a military capacity into France, where he 
remained till 1594, and, if we may believe Nash, 
with little or no credit for his courage or honesty, 
for •• he is accused not only of running away from 
the enemy, but of stealing a ' nobleman's stew- 
ard's chayne at his lord's installing at Windsore.' 
On the other side, however, we arc to remember, 
that he took part with Nash's antagonist Gabriel 
Harvey, which probably roused the resentment 
thus vented in IJave with you to Saffron Walden. 

Barnes wrote in addition, 

1. Parlhenophel and Parihenophe. Sonnettes, 
Madrigals, Elegies and Odes, 1593; of which 
there is a very brief and unsatisfactory account 
in Beloe's Anecdotes of Literature, ii. 77. 

2. Three sonnets in Pierce's Supererogation, 
1593. 

3. A Friend's Gratulation to his beloved Friend 
master John Florio,for that which God hath sent 
him, and he us. Prefixed to Florios' Worlde of 
Wordes, 1598. 

4. Madrigale prefixed to Forde's Fame's Me- 
moriall, I6O6. 

Oldys informs us ^ that he translated the Spa- 
nish Councell, and writ a Poem on Shoris Wife in 
the year 1596. 

Having never seen any of Barnes's poetical 
works in their original form, I am compelled to be 
satisfied with the following lines from his Par- 
thenophel, extracted by Beloe. They give so 
favourable an idea of his style, that it is to be la- 
mented the editor of the Anecdotes of Literature 
did not oblige his readers with a more particular 
analysis of, and further specimens from, a volume 
of as great merit as rarity. 

Ah! sweet Content, where is thy mylde abode.'' 
Is it with shepheards and light harted swaynes 
Which sing upon the dounes, and pj'pe 

abroade. 
Sending their flockes, and calleth onto 

pla^'nes ? 

Ah! sweet Content, where doest thou safely 
rest .? 
In heaven with angels which the prayses sing 
Of him that made, and rules, at his behest, 
The mindes and parts of every living thing? 

Ah! sweet Content, where doth thine harbour 

hold? 
Is it in churches with religious men 
Which please the goddes with prayers ma 

nifold. 
And in their studies meditate it then? 

♦ [See various extracts in support of this position in Cen- 
suru Litcraria, vi, 120, &c.] 

' [MS. Nolc to Langbaine, with which I was favouted by 
Mr. Haslewood.] 



49 



OVEHTON. 



STIIADLINO. 



50 



Whether thou dost in heaven or earth appeare, 
Be where thou wilt, thou wilt not harbour here.] 

WILLIAM OVERTON, one of the prime 
preachers in the reign of Q. Elizabeth, was born 
m London, became demv or semicommoner of 
Magd. coll. '25 Jul. 15;)9, aged 15, perpetual 
fellow in 1551, being then bach, of arts. After- 
wards proceeding in that faculty, he took holy 
orders, left the coll. and absented" himself during 
the reign of cju. Mary. In 1565 he took the de- 
grees in divinity, being then well beneficed and 
dignify'd, and in 1579'' was made bishop of Litch- 
field and Coventry, where he was much coni- 
mended for his hospitality to the poor, and the 
good reparation he kept of his house, which a 
married bishop, as he was, seldom did, or doth. 
He hath published. 

Sermon against Discord. On Rom. xvi. verse 
17. Lond. in oct. [without date, but printed by 
Ralph Newbery.] 

Orutio docliss. ^- graviss. habila in dorno capitit- 
lari Lichfield ad Prtebendarios S; re/itjiium C/erum 
in visilatione Ecc/esia: sua cathedralis congregatum, 
an. ICOO. Lond. IGOO. He died in a good old 
age in the beginning of April, in sixteen hundred 
lOog. aod nine, and was buried in the church of Eccle- 
shall in Staffordshire, near to the bodies of his 
two wives. In the see of Litchfield succeeded 
Dr. Rob. Abbot, as I shall tell you elsewhere. 

[XX die martii 1569, D'nus Matth. Cant. 
Ar'ep'us, admisit Will'um Overton S. T. P. ad 
eccl. de Rutherfeld, ad pres. D. rcgina;. liegist. 
Parker, Cant, fol. 201 . K en n et. 

He was admitted treasurer of the church of 
Chichester, May 7, 1567'. 

William Overton S.T. P. says Willis', brought 
up by the charity of Glastonbury abby, preben- 
dary of Chichester, Sarum, and Winchester, and 
rector of Stoke on Trent, and Rotherfield, elected 
bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, Septemb. 10. 
confirmed the l6th, and consecrated the 18th, 
An. 1580. Of whom this character is given in 
sir John Harrington, ' that he kept good hospita- 
lity, and his house in good re[)air,' which he com- 
mends no other married bishop for; and inti- 
mates, he has seldom heard of any that did cither 
of these. He died April 9, 1609, and was buried 
at Eccleshall, where a tomb is erected to his 
memory, containing his efligies in his episcopal 
habit, and this inscription, which he put up in his 
own life-time: 

' [Strype says in tlie following year 1380. ' Also William 
Overton, a learned and a pious man, D. D. a dignilary in 
the churches of Chiclieswr and Salisbury, was upon the 
death of Bcnthani, the last bishop of Coventry an(l Litch- 
field, appoiiUcd to succeed in tlie sec, and was confirmed 
Friday the Kith of Scptcmb. in Bow churcli, and conse- 
crated Sept. 18 folloxving by the archbishop; John bishop of 
London, and .John bishop of Rochester, assisting. Li/e of 
Archh. Grindal, 1710, pa<^c256.] 

' [Le Neve. Fusti.Qi.'] » ICalhedrah, 393.] 

Vol. H. 



Hoc sibi spe in Chri«to returgcndi po«uit Wil- 
helmus (Jverion, Covcnt. & Lichf. Epi«conu», ifir^. 

Maria I'xorsecunda Palrem habuit lulmundum 
Hradstock Arm. Eli/abetham Scrimitherc,<>x Aiin.i 
Talbot rilia.)olmnnisTalboi .Militii,cx nobiliMima 
I'amilia comitum Salopicn prognata. 

To Overton's literary contributioni I can only 

add : ^ 

Carmlnn in mortem diiontm Fratrum Siiffol. 
ciemium, Uenrici et Caroli lirandon'). Ixmd. 
15,52. Bodl. 4to. B. 9. Art. Scld. Signature I), iv! 
Overton has three conies, in the first of which, 
containing fifty lines, he has uniformly made the' 
|icntameter to end with the word ' tuia.' The 
following are the concluding verses. 

Sed tibi nunc loquimur quasi te dcflerc velimui, 

Aut quasi sint abs te hac damna profccu tuis? 
Nos sumus 6 flendi, nos nostri causa doluris: 

Tu mala non infers, sed Deus ista tuis, 
Et Deus hicc merito quern cum resonemus ubiqu« 

Est tamen ex animo lapsus ubique tuis. 
Tu foelix igitur jam dulci pace frueris. 

Si miser est quisquam contigit esse tuis. 
O Henrice, vale, virtutis maxinie splendor, 

Temporis 6 nostra; gemma valeto tuis 
Tuque, bcnigne parens, quern sic commovimus irn, 

I^unc depone animos, et plus esto tuis. 
Redde tuum reguum, perituris redde salutem, 

Et tua filiolis gaudia redde tuis.] 

EDWARD STR A DLING, son of sir Tho. 

Stradling knight', by Cath. his wife, daughter of 
sir Tho. G'amage of Coyty, knight, was born of, 
and lineally descendetl 'from, an antient and 
kniglitly family of his name, living at S. Donat's 
castle in Glamorganshire, educated in several 
sorts of learning in this university, but before lie 
took a degree, he left it, travelled into various 
countries, spent some time at Rome, returned an 
accomplished gentleman, and retiring to his patri- 
mony, which was large, did build a firm structure 
upon that foundation of literature that he had 
laid here and elsewhere. In 1575, or the year 
after, he received the honour of knighthood, was 
made a justice of peace, became a very useful 
man in his country, and was at the charge of such 
Herculean* works for the public good, that no 
man in his time went beyond him. But above all 

» [See vol. i. col. 378, and Strype's EccUtiastical Mtwto- 
rials, vol. ii. |)age 278.] 

' [Of St. Donat's castle in Glamoipinshire. He w»» 
knighted Feb. 17, 3rd of E<lw. VI. When qiiecu Mary 
succeeded to the crown, 1553, he was appointed, with others, 
a muster-master to the queen s army, and a commissioner for 
the marciies of Wales. In the same year he was representa- 
tive in parliament for East Grinstead in Sussex ; and, the 
followin;: year, for Arundel in the same cotmly. In 1558, 
he was joined with sir Thomas Pope, and others, in a com- 
mission for the suppression of heretics. When he died streiiis 
uncertain, biU he was burie«l in the chapel added by himself 
to the parish, clmrch of St. Donate. Warton, Life of Sir 
Thomas Pope, Lond. 1780, 219.] 
' See iu Jo. Stradhng's Epigrams, lib. 4. p. 151, I6I, tec. 



51 



RENNIGCU. 



52 



he is to be rtmembrcd for his singular knowledge 
iu the British language and antiquities, for his 
eminent encouragement of learning and learned 
men, and for his great expence and indefatigable 
r35n industry in collecting together several monuments 
and aiicicnt manuscripts of learning and anti- 
quity. All which, with other books, were reduced 
into a well ordered library at St. Donat's, to the 
great credit and renown of that place and his 
family. He hath written, 

A IVelsh Grammar. AVhen or where printed 
I know not. Of which book, written mostly in 
Latin, one of his ' countrymen gives this charac- 
ter; ' Hae institutiones grammatical ade6 con- 
cinnfe sunt compositse, & omnibus suis numeris 
absolutse, ut nee eis addi quicquam, nee ab eis 
demi (meo judicio) c[uicquam poterit ; nisi secun- 
dam hujus operis author in posterum editionem 
maturet.' " Qua;re, Whether this passage is not 
" spoken of John David llhese's grammar, not of 
" sir Edward Stradling's ?" He hath also written, 

The wifiniiig of the hordship of Glamorgan or 

Morsaniiwe out of the Wehh-meiCs hands, Stc. 

Of \vnich book you may sec more in The History 
of Cambria, now called Wales, &c. Printed 1584, 
p. 122, and 141, " to which book sir Edw. Strad- 
" ling gave his assisting hand, especially in the 
" matter of pedigree." This learned and worthy 
person hath written other things, but such 1 have 
not yet seen, nor can I sa^' more of him, only 
that he paid his last debt to nature in the summer 
i6iK). time, in sixteen hundred and nine, aged 80, or 
more, and was buried in a chappel built by his 
father, (dedicated to the Virgin Mary,) joining to 
the parish church of St. Donate, between the 
bodies of his great-grandfather and grandmother 
on the north-side, and the bod}' of riis father on 
the south-side. He died without male issue, 
whereupon the estate went to his next kinsman 
sir John Stradling knight, who was soon after 
made a baronet : From whom was descended sir 
Edw. Stradling baronet, (a colonel in the army of 
K. Charles I.) buried in Jesus coll. chappel, 2 1 
June, 1644. 

MICHAEL RENNIGER, commonly called 
Rhanger, received his first being in this world 
in Hampshire, became perpetual fellow of Magd. 
coll. in 1547, afterwards master of arts, and a 
preacher in the reign of K. Ed. 6. being then 
esteemed, bj' those tliat knew him, a person truly 
pious, and of singular erudition. But when Q. 
JVIary came to the crown, he, with others of the 
said coll. vohmtariiy left the land for religion 
sake, and lived mostly at Str.isburgh in Germany. 
After her death he returned, was made one of the 
chaplains to Q. Elizabeth, became a zealous asser- 
tor of the Protestant religion, but refusing consi- 
derable preferments that were then offer'd to him, 
he accepted only of a prebendship in the church 

» Humph. Prichard in his pr«f. to Dr. Jo. Dav. Rhese bis 



of Winchester'' for the present, as also [Jun. I, 
1559-00: See Rymer's Foedera xv, 5(J3.] the 
rectory of Crawley near to the said city. In the 
year 1573, he took the degrees in divinity, and in 
75 was, upon the resignation of Dr. Joh. Ebden, 
made archdeacon of \\ inchester. His works are, 

Carmina in mortem duorum fratrum Siiffolcien- 
siuin, Henrici ^ Caroli Brandon, ike. Lond. 1552. 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. B. 9- Art. Sold/] 

De Pit V. &; Gregorii Xlll.fnroribus contra 
Elizabetham Reginam Anglia. Lond. 1582. oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. R. 66. Th.] 

/In Exhortation to true hove, Loi/alty, and Fide- 
liti/ to her Majesti/. Lond. 1587. oct. 

Treatise against Treasons, liebellions, and suck 
Disloyalties. Printed with the Exhortation to, 
&c. 

Syntagma Hortationum ad Jacobum Regem An- 
glia. Lond. 1604. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. R. 68. Th.] 
and translated from English into Latin, Jn Apo- 
logy or Defence of Priest's Marriages, written by 
Jon. Poynct or Ponet B. of Winchester. The 
other works, done by him, may be seen in a cer- 
tain ^ author who knew Renniger well, which 
made him therefore say of him, ' In omni bona- 
rum literarum ac linguarum genere ita se exer- 
cuit, ut famam non vulgarem inde meruit.' He 
died on the 26th of Aug.'^ in sixteen hundred and 
nine, aged 89 years, and was buried in the chan- 
cel of his church at Crawley before-mentioned, 
under the communion-table. Over his grave was 
soon after a marble stone laid, with an inscription 
thereon in prose and verse ; a copy of which you 
may see in Hist. Sf Antiq. Univ. Uxun. lib. 2. p. 
197. b. This Dr. Renniger died rich, left a fair 
estate, (some of which lay in Lincolnshire,) and a 
son named Samuel to enjoy it. In his archdea- 
conry of Winchester succeeded Dr. Ranulph 
l?arlow of Cambridge. " There was one Samuel 
" Renniger of Magd. hall. 1638, son of Michael 
" Renniger of Spalding in Lincolnshire." 

[Renniger was admitted to the degree of B. A. 
March 1545'. He was installed precentor and 
prebendary of Rmpingham, in the church of Lin- 
coln, June 28, 1567,'*" and July 7, 1583' had the 
1)rebend of Reculverland in the church of St. 
\iul, London, bestowed on him. 

His verses on the Brandons are the longest in 
that very rare v'olume, consisting of more than 
three hundred lines. I'hey commence, 

book, entit. Camhrolmtannica Cymno'cave Linguce Insti- 
tutiones, &c. Lond. 1592. 

♦ [I5O0, 29 Jul. D'nus admisit Mich. Reniger A. M. ad 
canonicatum ct preb. in eccl'ia Wynton, quos Tlio. Hyde 
niiper habuit, per deprivat. cjusd. Thome, ad pres. D. ceginae. 
Kennbt.] 

' Joh. Baleus, in cent. Script. Mag. Erit. g. nu. 73. 

' [1609, 1 Oct. Leonard Hutton, S. T. P. coll. ad preb, 
dc Ueeulvcrslond in eccl. Paul, per uiort. Mich. Reniger, 
S.T. P. Reeist. Bancroft, fol. I. Kennet.] 

' [MS. Gough, Oxford 1. p. 87.] 

* 'Willis, Survey of Lincoln, &c. p. 183.] 
' [Newcourt, Jicptrturium i. p. 204.] 



l60p. 



[352] 



53 



SMITH. 



54 



Quiimvis luctificos ostendunt carminn vultus, 

Funostamque gcrit pnllidu chartn luem: 
Ne trcmebunda tumeii refcras vestigia, lector, 

Seu tibi perplexes larva sit atite pedes : 
Ne tibi perculsos quatiat timor porridiis urtus, 

Vellicet aut teneras aspera cura fibrns : 
Plena timoris enitn res est, et plena doloris, 

Hie timor ipse tremit, plangitct ipse dolor. 
Res lachriinosa leves querulus ululatibus auras 

Implet, inexhaustis atque redundat aquis. 
Ipse cavernosis immiigit luctiis in antris 

Et dolor borrisono squallidus ore fremit. 
Tutamen enervi, lector, ne cede dolori, 

Aut pallcscenti carmina fronte legas. 
Ne tibi surrectos crispct tbnnido capillos, 

Aut timida intortam ventilet aura comam ; 
Nam ploranda legis truculentae funera mortis, 

Et taciunt istas msesta sepulchra schsedas.] 

THOMAS SMITH was bom of sufficient pa- 
rents in a town called Abington in IJerkshire, 
educated in grammar learning there, (in the free- 
school founded by Joh. Royse, citizen and mer- 
cer of London, an. 1563,) became a student of 
Ch. Ch. in \570, took the degrees in arts, that 
of master being compleated in 78, and six years 
after was elected one of the proctors of the uni- 
versity. About that time, he being esteemed a 
religious and discreet gentleman, was made secre- 
tary to that popular count, Robert carl of Essex, 
who had an especial respect for him. So that 
being thereupon introduced into the court, he 
raised himself, meerly by his own merits, to consi- 
derable cmincncy, as first, to be clerk to the high 
court of parliament, afterwards to be one of the 
clerks of the council, a knight in 1603, secretary 
of the Latin tongue, and one of the masters of 
the requests. 'Tis supposed by some, and confi- 
dently reported by others, that are learned, that 
tho' he lived not to publish any thing, yet several 
matters he left behind him fit for tlie press, but 
of what subject or faculty they treat, I could 
never learn. He deceased in the prime of his 
years (whereby a stop was given to his farther 
promotion) at his house called Parsons Green near 
ifm to London, 28 Nov. in sixteen hundred and nine; 
whereupon his botly was buried in the chancel of the 
parish church of Fulham in Middlesex, on the 7 
Dec. following. Over his grave, " on the South- 
side," was soon after erected a comely monument', 

' [In the chancel of the church of Fulham, on a polished 
£tooe, this inscription : 

D. O. M. 
Thoma- Smitho Equiti Aurato 
Regia; Majcstati a biippliciiin 
Libelliset ab Mpistolis Latinis 
Viro doctrinu priidentianue 
siiigulari : 
Francisca Guil. Baronis Chandoj 
Filia 
Optimo Marito Conjux moestissima 
plorans posuit. 
. Obij t XX V 1 1 1 d ie Novcmb. 

M DC IX. 

Kenset.] 



by his disronsoiate widow FrancM the daugh- 
ter of William lord Chnndoifi, (afterward* the 
wife of Thorn, earl of Exeter,) by whom he 
had a son named Robert, who was entrod a 
gent. com. of Ch. Ch. in Mich, term, an. I620, 
aged \5, and became an inheritor for a time of 
several lands which his father left to him, par- 
ticularly the man«)r of Barwick upon TeaKc in 
Yorkshire. The sai<l »ir Thomas ' beciucathed a 
considerable sum of money to this univentity to 
buy books for the new or liast part of the public 
library, as also a mathematical instrument gilt, 
besides 100/. to the poor of Abington for tneir 
relief. All which was accordingly done and 
setled by his younger brother Kichard Smith, 
sometimes a member of Ch. Ch. also, who liud 
been prime mourner at his brother's funeral. 

I (iud another sir Tho. Smith to Itave been of 
Bidborough in Kent, second son of Tho. Smith 
of Ostcnhanger, in the same county, esq ; (who 
dying' 7 June 1591, was buried in the church of 
Ashford adjoining) son of John Smith of Corsham 
in Wilts, gent. Which sir Thomas (who had * 
farmed the customs in the reign of Q. Elizaljcth, 
and therefore by some called Customer Smith) 
was so much in favour with K. James that he 
sent him ambassador* to the emperor of Russia, 
19 March 1604. From whence returning, lie was 
made governor of the society of merchants, trad- 
ing to the East-Indies,* Muscovy, the French 
and Summer Islands, and treasurer for the colo- 
nies and companies of Virginia. There goe« 
under this man's name a book entit. Sir Thomoi 
Smith's Voyage and Entertainment in Rusna, 
with the tragical Ends of two Emperors, and one 
Empress, within one Month, during his being there, 
&c. Lond. 1605. qu. [Bodl. 4to. L. 70. Art.] But 
him I take not to be the author, because it was 
published unknown to him, and without his con- 
sent. What else I find of him is,' that his fair 
and magnificent house at Deptford near to Lon- 

» Ree. Dorset in offic. pracrog. Cant. Qu. 1 13. 

J Lib. Certif. in offic. Arm. J. 10. fol. 33. 

♦ Vid. Camb. in Annal. Ree. Elhab. an. 1590. 

5 Idem. Cambd. in Annal. Reg.Jac. 1. MS. sub. an. J60*. 

'• [Chamberlaine in a letter to sir Ralph Winwood dated 
Feb. 13, IfiOg, writes thiis, 'Our F.a5t India marchaius 
have lately built a goodly ship of above 1?(X) tun ; to the 
launching whereof the king and prince were invited, and had 
a bountiful bankquctt. The king graced sir Thomas Smith, 
the governor, with a chaine, in manner of a collar, better 
then 200/. with his picture hanging at it, and put it about 
his neck with his own hands, naming the great ship Trade' t 
Increase; and the prince a pinace oifSiOtuti (built to waif 
upon her) Pepper Com.' VVinwood'j Memorials 17*5, vol. 
iii. p. 118.] 

' [On the south side of Sutton at Hone church, Kent, it 
a most stately monument inclosed with iron rails, and under 
an arch of alabaster richly ornamented and supported by co- 
lumns of black marble, of the Corinthian onler, is a gentle- 
man cumbent in his robes, &c. with the following inscrip- 
tion : 

MS. To the gl«ry of GSod, and to the pious memorieoflhe 
honourable sir Thomas Smith, knt. (late govemour of 
the East Indian, Muscovia, French and Sommcr Island 
£ 2 



55 



SMITH. 



56 



don was burnt' on 30 Jan. l6 1 8, and that upon 
sevenil complaints ae;ainst him for certain frauds 
used l)V liini, in witliidrawing sums of money in 
his rectorsiiip, and place of treasurer, beforemen- 
f3o3] tionod, lie Wiis' removed from those impioyments 
in April iGiy. His eldest son, sir Job. Smith, 
married Isabel daughter of Rob. earl of Warwick, 
and another the natural daughter of Ciiarles 
Blount lord Mountjoy, without the consent of 
his father, in Nov. 1018, but in the middle of July 
following, he, upon some discontent, left' En- 
gland without leave of iiis father or wife. 

Besides these two, I find another famous sir 
Tho. Smith, who went before them, not only in 
time, but eminence, as being most learned every 
way. His native place was SaftVon-Walden in 
Essex, his parents John Smith of the same place, 
and Agnes the daughter and heir of one Charnock 
gent, and the place of his academical education. 
Queen's coll. in Cambridge, whereat riper years 
he was made choice of (such was his proficiency 
in learning) to be sent into Italy at the king's 
charges, and there to be educated in certain kinds 
of learning, which our universities at home could 
not then yield, or rather for the compleat polish- 
ing of his parts and studies. After his return, he 
became so eminent for his acquired learning, 
that lie was not only made the public orator of 

companies, treasurer for the Virginian plantation, ])rinie 
undertaker (in the year l6l2,) for that noble cleii^ne the 
discoverie of the North-West passage, principall com- 
missioner for the London expedition against the pirates, 
and for a voiage to the ryver Senega, upon the coast of 
Africa; one of the cheefe commissioners for the navie- 
roial, and sometyme ambassadour from the majestie of 
fir. Brit, to the emperour, and great duke of Russia and 
Moscovia, &c.) who havingejudiciously, conscionably, 
and with admirable facility managed many difficult and 
weighty affairs to the honour and profit of this nation, 
rested from his labours the 4th dayofSeptem. I0'si5, 
and his soul returning to him that gave it, his body was 
here laid up in the hope of a blessed resurrection. 

From those large kingdomts where the sunn doth rise, 

I'rom that rich new-found world that westward lies. 

From Volga to the floud of Amazons, 

From under both the |«)les and all the zones. 

From all the famous rivers, lands, and seas 

Betwixt this place and our antipodes, 

He gott intelligence what might be found 

To give contentment through this massie round ; 

But finding earthly things did rather tire 

His longing soul, then answer her desire, 

To this obscured village he with drewe. 

From hence his heaveulie voiage did persue ; 

Here summ'd up all ; and when his gale of breath 

Had left becalmed in the port of death 

The soule's fraile bark, (and safe had landed here. 

Where faith his factor and his harbinger 

Made place before) he did (no doubt) obtain 

That wealth, which here on earth we seek in vain. 

Thorpe's Regislrum Hiiffense, Lond 1769, p. 972. 
There is a rare print of this sir Thomas Smith by Simon 
Pas«, dated in 1C17. He is represented in a fur robe, with 
his hat on, and a roll of maps in his hand.] 

• lb. [Camhden in Annal Reg. Jac. 1 ] sub. an. I619. 
•lb. eod. aji. 
■ Ibid. 



Cambridge, but also the king's professor of the 
Greek tongue, and at length the King's professor 
of the civil law, in which faculty he was incorpo- 
rated doctor at Cambridge, iti ] J42, and after- 
wards at Oxon, but the particular time when, it 
appears not, through the imperfectness of the 
registers of that time. In the reign of Ed. 6. he 
found so much favour with the duke of Somerset, 
that he was made one of the secretaries (sir Will. 
Cecill being the other) to that king, a knight, 
steward of the stannaries, and dean of Carlisle 
in the place of one Lancelot Salkeld then ejected. 
About the same time also he ^ became provost of 
Eaton coll. whereof he had very well merited, but 
when Q. Mary came to the crown she deprived 
him of those dignities, assigning him an 100/. per 
an. pension for his life, howbeit on condition that 
lie should not depart the realm. In the begin- 
ning of Q. Elizabeth, he was called again to the 
service of the commonwealth, was restored to his 
deanery, was present with the divines at the cor- 
recting of the English liturg}-, and afterwards 
with great commendations performed several em- 
bassies. At length being one of the .secretaries 
of state again, and chancellor of the order of the 
Garter, and several times a parliament man, be- 
came very beneficial to the commonwealth of 
learning, by procuring the laws concerning com 
for the colleges of students in both the univer- 
sities^. This person, who was a noted orator, 
Grecian, and civilian, and worthy to be remem- 
bred for other learning, hath written, 1. The 
Commonwealth of England, and the Manner and 
Government, thereof, in three hooks. Printed in 
an old Engl, character at Lond. 1583, [1589, 
Hearne's copj', 8vo. Rav.d. 428. in bibl. Bodl.j 
94, in qu. and several times in oct.-* notwithstand- 
ing it was left unfinished by the author. Trans- 
lated into Lat. by Dr. Jo. Budden, who caused 
it to be printed at Lond. in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. S. 88. 
Art.] 'Twas also published in Lat. by John Laet 
of Antwerp, at Leydcn 16SO. in tw. [Bodl. 8vo. 
S. 15. Art. BS.] 2. De recta &,- emendala LinsriKz 
Grieea P'onuntiatione, ad Gardinerum Ep. tvin- 
ton. Epistola. Lutet. 1568. qu. [Bodl. 4to. S. 19. 



' Cambd. in Annal. Beg. EHz. sub. an. 1.577- 
^ [Anno 1377 that excellent act pnssi'd whereby it was 
provided. Thai a third part of the rent upon leases in.idc by 
coUedges, should be reserved in corn, paying it either in kind 
or in money, after the rate of the best prices in Oxford or 
Cambridge markets, the next m '.rket-days before Michaelmas 
or our Lady day. For the pa?sing of this act, sir Thomas 
Smith surprised the hou^c, and whereas many conceived not 
the differtnte telween the pay nicnt of rents in corn or money, 
the knowing patriot took the advantage of the present cheap 
year, knowing that hereafter grain would grow dearer, niaii- 
kiude dayly multiplying, and license b.ing lately given for 
transportation ; so that now when the univir-itics have least 
corn they have most bread. Lloyd, Stalcstncn and Favou- 
rites, l(fe, p. 37 1. J 

* [The 12mo. of l()35 has (according to the title-page) 
additions nf ttie chief Courts in England, and the offices 
thereof, by the said author. Loveday.] 



57 



SMITH. 



SANSBURY. 



58 



Art. Seld.] 3. De recta Sfeinendata Lingua An- 
g/ictB Scriptione. Printed dialogue-wise with the 
toniicr hook. 4. De Re Nummtiria. 5. 'the an- 
thoriti/,form and miiiiiier of holding I'urliamentn. 
This book heing liiteiy (l68j) published, may be 
doubted whether sir Tho. Smith was the author 
of it.' He hath also extant many Letters in the 
Comp/eat Jnihasmdor, &,c. colleetcd by sir Dud- 
ley Diggcs. 'I'here is a MS. in bibliotheca Ash- 
rnolffianii, n. 829, ascribed to this sir Tho. Smith, 
viz. A Dialoiiuc of the Marriage of Queen Eliza- 
beth.^ He cleparted this mortal lite in the cli- 
maoterical year of his age, in the month of July? 
1577, and was buried in the church of Theydon- 
Mouiit, or Theydon at Mount in Essex. All his 
Lat. and Greek books he gave to Queen's coll. in 
Cambridge, as also a great globe of bis own mak- 
ing, besides maintenance for two scholars to come 
from SafiVon-VValden to that house. There was 
a very fair niouument ordered to be put over the 
bodies of him and his wife, and no doubt there 

' [This hook is nothing more than the second and third 
chapter of the second bonk of his Cnmmonivcallh of Ensland, 
which are prefixed to Arcana Parliameitlaria, 12mo. Lond. 
1685.] 

* [He wrote four orations on this subject, i. Agamus, or 
Wedlpitc, his oration for the queen's single life. ii. Phi- 
loxenus, or Love-alien, his oration for the queen's marrying 
with a stranger, iii. Another on the same snbjcct. \v. Axe- 
nius, or llome-friend, his oration for the queen's marrying 
with an English nobleman, rather then uny foreign prince. 
These were all published in the appendix to Strype's Life of 
Sir Thomas Smith, 8vo. lG()6. 

Camtlen also mentions An excellent Commentary of Mat- 
ters, worthi/ to he published. Elizaieth, 1577.] 

' [He died Aug. 12, 1577, and was burie<l at MonntThey- 
don CO. Essex, on the North side of the chancel, with this 
inscription on his monument, on which lies his effi^jies in 
marble in a cumbent posture. 

Thomas Smithus, eques auratus, hujus manerii dominus, 

cum regis Edw. VI. turn Elizabeiha; reginaeconsiharius, 

ac prinii nominis secretarius ; eorundemque principmii 

ad maximos r>'ge3 legatus ; nobiliss. ordinis gartcrii can- 

ciUarius ; Ardx australisque Claneboy in Hibernia colo- 

ncllus ; juris civilis supremo titulo etiamniim adolescens 

insignitus ; orator, matheraaticus, philosophus, exctl- 

lentissimus ; linguarum Latina;, Grascae, Hcbraica:, Gal- 

licae etiam & Italicoe, callentissiuius ; proborum & ingc- 

niosorum hominum fautor eximius j pluriniis commo- 

dans, nemini nocens, ab injiiriis ulsciscendis alienissi- 

nius ; denique, sapientia, pietate, integrilate insignis, & 

in omni vita, seu oeger seu valens, intrepidus mori, Cum 

aetatis su;c LXV annum coniplevisset, in aedibus suis 

Montaulensibus 12 die Aug, An. salutis MDLXXVII. 

pie & suaviter in domino obdormivit. 

In his will I find no charity given to Eaton college, of 

which he had been formerly provost, or to this church, but 

all to his family. Willis, Survey of the Cathedral of Carlisle, 

4to. Lond. 1727, page 303. 

Smith is said by Ritson {Bill. Poelica, 335,) to have turn- 
ed some of the psalms into metre, and written certain songs, 
&c. when prisoner in the Tower, 1549- MS. Reg. in mus. 
Brit. 17 .V xviii. Some commendatory lines of his writing 
were also prefixed to /'Hiarton's Dreame, 4to. Lond. 1878. 
Htrbert Typ. Anlio. 10g4. 

There are heads of Smith 1. before Sirype's Life, 8vo. 
without date, but I fancy by White. 2. Houbraken, folio. 
3. A wood-cut in Gabriel Haney's Smithus, vet Musarum 
Lachrymce, &c. 4to. 1578.] 



is but that it was done aceordingly, yt-i what ilie 
inscription on it is, I cannot yet leurn,* nor aiiy [334] 
tiling else of him, only that Jo. Ix-lnml doth 
highly e.\tol him, in his' AWom/a of lUuktriou* ' 
and learned men of Mngland. 

JOHN SANSBURY, or Sandsbitby, an emi- 
nent and ingenious Latin poet, was bom in Lon- 
don, educated in -Merchant-Taylor's school, be- 
came scholar of St. John's coll. in Midsummer 
term, an. I.'jIj.I, aged 17, took the <!• 1 arU, 

became vicar of the church of S. ^ . 1 the 

north suburb of O.\on, lGf)7, and the year after 
Wiis admitted -bach, of divinity. He liatli w ritlen, 

Ilium in Ilalium Oiunia ad protect ioiiem regit 
sui omnium optimi Jilia, pediaequa. O.\on. I(i08. 
oct. [Bodl. 8vo. S. 22. Art. BS.] In the (aid 
book are the arms of each coll. aiid verse* under 
them. 

Tragedife diversep. MS. Acted several time* 
by the scholars of the aforesaid coll. in the com- 
mon refectory in the time of Christmas. He wa» 
buried in the church of S. Giles bcfore-ntention'd, 
in the month of Jan. in sixteen hundred and 
nine. 

[This is not the first time I have had occasion 
to remark Wood's industry or research. Of iliia 
author, Sandsbury, f>erhaps no other record re- 
mains than a short account of him in an ancient 
Catalogue of the Fellows and Scholars of St. 
John's, from which he evidently derived his in- 
formation. I am enabled, by the kindness of the 
president, Dr. Marlow, to give this in its original 
form. 

' Anno 1593 Johannes Sandsburye Mr. Artiu 
ifiOl, Bacch. Theol. IGOB. Poeta ingenio- 
sissimus, cuius prxterTragaedias multas apud 
nos actas, etia" Libcllus prodijt de Insignibus 
Collegioru*, additis Epigraniatis. Vicarius 
Ecel'a: S'' .^gidij in subnrbijs Oxon. vbi 
sepultus, lC09. 

SansDury's book is one of very uncommon oc- 
currence : perhaps the copy in the Bodleian (for- 
merly Scldca's) is the only one now existing. It 
consists of three sheets only. At tl»e top ot each 
page are the arms of the college, and beneath 
verses giving an explanation of Uiem, each copy 
containing some compliment to his majesty king 
James. 

Acad. Oxon. 

Talis pes triduum felix, academia nuper 

Oxoniensis eram, cum tempore Trinus' eodem 

Princeps per triduum, hoc cingebat more volu- 
men 

Encyclopaideiae nostrum ; clavosque sigilUs 

Septem tirmatos, omniscius ipse Jacobus 

• [Sec this inscription, with many other particntarj of 
Smith's Kfe and writings in the Biographia Britanmca, page 
3719, and Stniw's Li/f.J 

''In Principum ac illustrium aliquot V rrudilorum Anglut 
virorum Lncomiis, iic. Lund. 1589, 1"- P- 87. 

' [Jacob. II. .\fc_a. Reg. Henric. Pr.] 



59 



PYE. 



AG LION BY. 



60 



Tractaret, rex in solio, doctorque cathedra : 
Rex nrtis sapiens, felix. Hinc nobilis, illinc 
Doctiis consessiis campum coclesticolorem 
Fecere ; Hunc librum, rex, has defcnde coronas. 

Sign. A. 2. 
Nor. Coll. 
Flos return mundi, rex, vel Jove judice, florum 
Qui facis egregium regali stirpe rosetum, 
Stenima mrumquc triplex regnum de hacrcde 

Jacobus 
Securum faciens, dum Scota, Britannica jungis 
Tigna tibi totidem propriis pulchra ambo rose- 

tis, 
Wintoniense illud, Marianum hoc, magnerosa- 

rum 
(Sj'mboia quae sophite) dupHcatarumque domo- 

rum ; 
Protector (ilorente rosa nam est tempus amoris) 
Pcrpetuo facias florere, et dilige semper. 

Sign B. 1. 
S. Joh. Coll. 
Annulus est primum jungendi pignus amoris; 
Hunc dignare fides ut prtecursoria jiingat 
Oxonia; matri. Nostra: alia Ciconia c4-istaB 
Tarde adventantes punit. Leo noster in ipso 
Vestibulo occursu vestri praesultat eUntis 
Stellatam in cameram, qua; nunc acadcmia, et 

ilium 
Raro visa ad te pretiosa animalcula cingunt. 
Sic primum viso, qui primi vidimus, istam 
Quinquagint.i, fidemque, et gaudia nostra sa- 

cramus. 

Sign. C. 1.] 

THOMAS PYE, who is the next writer ac- 
cording to time, that is to be mentioned, is one, 
that had learning enough to be a dean or bishop, 
j'et could never rise nigher than a vicar and 
pedagogue. He was born at Darlaston near 
Wetlnesbury in Staffordshire, educated for the 
most part in logicals and philosophicals in Mer- 
ton coll. of which he became one of the chaplains 
in 1581, being then esteemed among the learned 
to be one of them. Afterwards taking the degrees 
in divinity as a member of that house, he became 
vicar and schoolmaster of Bexhill near Hastings 
in Sussex about 1590, being then, and before, ac- 
counted an eminent linguist, excellent in sacred 
chronology, in ecclesiastical histories and polemi- 
cal divinity. His works are, 

A Computation from the beginning of time to 
Christ, by ten Articles. Lond. 1597- qu. [Bodl. 
4to. P. 40. Art. Seld.] 

A Confrmation of the same for the Times contro- 
verted before Christ : As also that there wanteth a 
Year after Christ in the usual Computation. Print- 
ed with the former book, and both under the ge- 
neral title of An Hour-glass. 

Epistola ad ornatiss. virum D. Johan. Howso- 
num S. T. D. Acad. Oxon Procancellarium, qua 
Dogma ejus novum 8; admirabile de Judworum di- 



vortiis refutatur, if suus SS. Scripturce nativus 
sensusab ejus glossematis vindicatur. * Lond. 1603. 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. C. 27- Th.] 

Epistola responsoria ad clariss. virum D. Alb, 
Gentilem MS. 'Tis on the same subject with the 
former, and are both answered by Rob. Burhill. 

Usury's Spright conjured; or, a Scholastical De- 
termination of Usury. Lond. l604. qu. [Bodl. 
4to. U. l.Th. Seld.] 

Answer to a Treatise written in defence of Usury. 
Printed there the same year. He gave way to 
fate at Bexhill, in the latter end of sixteen hun- 
dred and nine, at which time he by his will (dated 
20 Dec. and proved 20 March, an. 1609-) desired 
that ills body might be buried in the school-house 
at Bexhill beforementioned, lately repaired and 
new paved by him. In his said will he leaves 
certain moneys to the poor of Brightling neiu" 
Battle in Sussex, at which place, as 'tis probable, 
he had a cure. About two years before nis death 
he bestowed much money in building the cam- 
))anile or tower at Darleston before-mentioned, 
which before was btiilt of timber. 

[Pye dedicates his Houre Glasse to the most 
gracious and reverend father in Christ, John, by 
the providence of God, lord archbishop of Can- 
terbury, &c. ' which labours of mine (if the low- 
nesse thereof in regard of your highness, breed 
not too great a disparage,) I hight as wholly due 
to your grace, in respect not only of the common 
right, in that you are the highest person and 
chiefest patron of my profession, or of that spe- 
cial interest in that you are the visitor and over- 
seer of Merton college, my tender parent, but 
also even of a certaine property, which your grace 
in regard of man}' benefits above other, hath in 
me now that I am bereft of that reverend father 
D. Bicklie, late L. bishop of Chichester, Qui 
nobis hcEc otia fecit. — September 1597- Your 
grace's most bounden Thomas Pie. Ken net.] 

JOHN AGLIONBY was born of a genteel 
family in Cumberland, became a student in 
Queen's coll. in 1583, where, after he had gone 
through the servile duties several years, was made 
fellow; whereupon entring into holy orders be- 
came a most polite and learned preacher. After- 
wards, travelling, he was introduced into the 
acquaintance of cardinal Bellarmine, who shew- 
ing to him the picture of the profound William 
W hittaker of Cambridge, which hung up in his 

* [The following controversial tracts on this epistle will 
be found in the Bodleian. 

1. Johannis Howsoni Defensio Theseuis, Uxore dimissa 
propter fornicaiionem , aliam non licet superinducere. Oxon. 
1602, 8vo. ^Y• 6l. Th. & ieo6. 4to. Y. 2. Th. Seld. 

2. Johannis liaynoldi Epistola ad Th. Pyum. Printed in 
the former. 

3. Alherti Gentilis Epistola ad Howsonum de lilro doclo- 
ris Pye. A. 7. 9- Line. 

4. Defrnsio Theseujs J. Howsoni contra Reprehensionem 
Tliomw Pi/!. Auctore Roberto Burhilto. Oxon. 1606. 4to. 
Y,2.Th."Seld.] 



61 



RHESE. 



[PRICHAHD.] 



69 



[355] 



1609-10. 



library, told him, pointing to the picture, that 
he was the most learned heretic that ever he 
read, or to that effect. After his n-t urn lie was 
made chaplain in ordinary to Q. Elizabeth, took 
the degree of D.D. in \(iOO, was made principal 
of S. Edmund's-hall the year after, being about 
that time rector of Islip near to, and in the 
county of, Oxon, and soon after chaplain in ordi- 
nary to K. James I. He was a person well nc- 
complished with all kind of learning, profoundly 
read in the fathers, and in school-divinity, an 
exact linguist, and of an aquiline acumen, as one' 
who is profuse in his praise tells you. What he 
hath published I find not ; however the reason 
why 1 set him down here, is, that he had a most 
considerable hand in the translation of the IVerr- 
Teslament, appointed by K. James, in Uj04, which 
is all that 1 know material of him, saving only 
that he dying at Islip, to the very great reluct- 
ancy of all learned and good men, on the fi Eeb. 
in sixteen hundred and nine, aged 43, was buried 
in the chancel of the church there. Soon after 
was set up an inscription, to his memory, on the 
east-wall of the said chancel, (by his widow, I 
think,) wherein being nothing of him, but what I 
have mentioned already, 1 shall pass it by for 
brevity's sake. 

[Mag^ Joh. Aglionby, S.T.P. ad eccl. dc Ble- 
chingdon institutus, 18. Nov. iGOl, per resign. 
Erasmi AVebb. ad ])res. pra;pos. et scolar. coll. 
Regin. Oxon. Iteg. WIntgift, Cant. Ken net. 

in MS. Harl. Mus. Brit. N" 847, article 7, is 
jin Oration made at fVarwicke before Q. Eliza- 
bet he the 11 ])ai/ of Jugust,J.D. 1572, bt/ Ed- 
ward Aglioubi/e, Esq. wherein he gives a short 
History of the Place. Probably some relation of 
our author.] 

JOHN DAVID RHESE, or Jo. David or 

Davis, was born at Lanvaethlcy in the isle of 
Anglesea, elected student of Ch. Ch. after he had 
been conversant among the Oxonians for three or 
more years, in the month of Dec. 1555, aged 21, 
travelled beyond the seas before he took a degree 
in this university, became doctor of physic of 
Senes or Sienna in Tuscany, and public modera- 
tor of the school at Pistoia in that country, whose 
language there, which is Italian, he understood as 
well as any native. Afterwards he returned to 
his country, where he practised his faculty with 
admirable success, and was held in high esteem 
by learned men, for his excellent knowlege in all 
kind of literature, especially for physic, poetry, 
the grammatical part of the Welsh tongue, aud 
curiosity in various criticisms; yet by the gene- 
rality, he being not understood, his rare parts 
and curious learning was in a manner bin'icd where 
he lived. He hath written in the Florentine lan- 
guage. 

' Is. Wake in lib. cui tit. Rtjr Platonicua, in act, seciin- 
tlae diei. 



Rulet for obtaining of the Latin 'J'otigne^— 
Printed at Venice : And in Latin theae two Dook« 

following; 

J)e Jtalica; Lingua: Pronunciatione. Printed 
at Padua. Both were, in their time, held in 
great repute by the ItalianH, and the last by 
strangers that occasionally lravelle«l into Italy. 

Cainbro- liritnnnica, Cymertrctcve, Lingua htMti- 
tutiones S>; Jiudimenla, i^c. ad intelligrnd. lliblia 
sacra nuper in Carnbro-liritanniiUin \ermonem 
elegant er versa Lond. I5'J2. fol. Written to 
sir E<lw. Stradling of St. iJonat'i, castle in CJIamor- 
panshire, a great favourer and furtherer of learn- 
ing, as I have elsewhere told you. Before which 
book is a large preface, written by Huin|ih. Prich- 
ard of Bangor in North Wales, »onu-times an 
Oxford scholar. Our author Rhese liath also 
written in the British language; 

Compendium if Aristotle's Metaphtfsic$. — MS. 
formerly in Jesus coll. librarj*. In which bo*jk 
the author saith, that the British language is a* 
copious in expressing congruous terms, as the 
Greek, or any language whatsoever. He hath 
written other excellent things, but arc lost, as I 
have been assured by O1.0K IscANLs,<and there- 
fore I cannot say any thing else of him, only that 
he died a Rom. Cath. (as he lived) at, or near, 
Brecknock, (where he mostly dwelt and practised 
physic) in the reign of K. James I. scil. about six- 
teen hundred and nine, and that he is much cele- 1609. 
hatred by ^ Stradling the epigrammatist for his 
learning, while he lived, who stiles^ him ' novum 
anticjUO! lingua" lumen,' and by Cambden who 
calls him,' 'clariss. is. eruditissimus lingua; vir D. 
Johannes David.' See more of him in Tho. 
Ley son under the year I6O7. Col. 27. 

[It is commonly sayd that Dr. John Da. Rhese 
wasa Papistjbutone can scarce believe it, that reads 
the preface to his Grammar by Humph. Prich- 
ard, wherein it is sayd, that John Da. Rlusc made 
that book purposely for the i)roinoting and better 
understanding of that excellent translation of th« 
Bible into \Velch, and that also principally for 
the sake of the ministers, and to make the Scrip- 
ture more intelligble to them and the people. 
And it is also there said, that he was ' sincerse 
religionis propagandae avidissimus,' by which 
Prichard, who was a Protestant, and a minister 
of the church of England, must mean the Pro- 
testant religion. Humphreys.] 

[HUMPHREY PRICHARD. We are in- 
debted to bishop Humphreys for the following 
article, giving some account of the person no- 
ticed in the life of Rhese. After a considerable, 

* ,rrhat is, Hehrt Vaooham, comnionly called ih« 

Silurist, who wrote a rollection of poems entiluled Olar 
Jscaniis. See these Athens under the year 169-5-] 

' In lib. 1. Epigram. ' In lib. 1. Df filtr V 

Morte contemncnd. ' Sec in the Addkienal Collection nf 

Leilas, at the end of Dr. Jam. Usher's Life printed in wl. 
1680, let. 2. p. !/. 



as 



[PUICHARD.J 



PERSONS. 



64 



vet unavailing search, I am sorry not to have it 
III uiv power to add any information whatever to 
the ()nef iiicnioranduuis that follow. ' He was 
in his youtli (as it seems) instituted to the rectory 
of Llonbenhan in Anglesea (by the name of 
Humph. Prichard ap John, clerk) by bishop Ar- 
thur Bulklev. His institution bears date at Ban- 
gor, Aug. 6. 1348, he being then, it seems, but 
in some of the inferiour orders. For 1550, bishop 
Bulkelcy gives him letters dimissory, ' ut ad oni- 
nes saoros ordines, quos nondum assecutus fuit, 
promoveri valeat.' After this, viz. 1552. Oct. 30. 
he is ordained deacon at Bangor by the same bp. 
After this, it should seem, he studied in O.xon. 
For in the year 1554, Dec. 22, he was ordained 
subdeacon at Clrrist Church, in Oxon, by Tho- 
mas, Sidofi. Ep'us. Suftraganeus, as he is called 
in the letters of orders. 1 here are two things odd 
in these orders. First, that he is ordained sub- 
deacon, after he was made deacon. Secondly, 
that his letters of orders are in the name, and 
under the seal, of Robert bp. of Oxon. testifying 
that Thomas, Sidoii. E'pus, &c. had ordained 
him ' vice et nomine nostris.' 1565. April 13, he 
was ordained priest, by Thomas Achadeu ? Ep'us 
in Hibcrnia, m the chappel of London liousc, 
and hath his letters of orders in the name, and 
under the test and seal, of Edmund (Bonner) bp. 
of London. In all his orders, it is said ' ad titu- 
him rectoriae suae de Llanbenlan.' Anno 1570, 
Nov. 6, being the 13th of queen Eliz. he appeared 
before bp. Robinson at Bangor, and subscribed 
the 39 articles. He continued rector of Llanben- 
lan till 1586. For Sept. 28th. that year he ap- 
peared at a visitation as such. But then advan- 
tage being taken at his non residence, and the 
irregularity of his institution and orders, one 
Hugh Edwards was instit.ited into Llanbenlan, 
'jure legitime vacantem,' the last of June 1587. 
But Mr. Prichard kept Iris possession against him, 
till he was summoned to the bp's court ; and 
then, npon a full hearing of Mr. Prichard, and 
his allegations and proofs, it was finally adjudged 
by Dr. Henry Moston, then chancellor, that Mr. 
Prichard was a meer layman at the time of his 
institution, and that, by consequence, his institu- 
tion and title to the said rectory was null and 
void, and order given for the institution of Ed- 
wards. This was m court held at Bangor, Oct. 13. 
1587. We have no farther mention of Prichard 
in our books, tho' he lived some years after, his 
prefatory epistle to Job. Dav. Rhese's Grammar, 
being writ between 1590 and 1592.' Hvm- 

PHKEVS.] 

[35()] ROBERT PERSONS, or Parsons, a most 

noted and learned writer of his time, and the or- 
nament of the English nation in the opinion of 
tliosc of his society, must according to time have 
llie next place to be niention'd. Concerni;ig 
whom several R. priests and others, who have 
^ [Vulgo Achonry^ 



written bitterly against, and scurrilously of, him, 
have peremptorily said, (as Tho. ' Bell, and Tho.» 
James from them hath done the like,) that he was 
basely born of mean parentage at Stokersey in 
Somersetshire, that Ins supposed father was a 
blacksmith, his right, the palish priest of Stoker- 
sey; by means whereof he was binominous, 
sometimes called Rob. Parsons, sometimes Rob. 
Cowbuck, &,c. that he was ' one of the dregs of 
the eommonaltv, a fellow of a most seditious dis- 
position, a sycoj)hant, an equivocator, and one 
that would set kingdoms to sale, &c. But these 
things, with many others, not now to be named, 
having been written out of malice against him, 
I shall by no means follow, or embrace them for 
truths, but recede to that collection of his life, 
which I have made partly from his own writings, 
partly from record, and partly from impartial 
writers. Born therefore he was ^ at Stowey com- 
monly called Nethcr-Stowey near to Bridgewater 
in Somersetshire, an 1546. His father was a ple- 
beian of honest repute, and an enemy to the 
church of Rome, but by Alex. Bryant reconciled 
thereunto. His mother was a known grave ma- 
tron living divers years in flight and banishment 
for religion, died therein at London, very aged, 
about 1599.^ The son Robert being a child of 
very great towardliness and exceeding apt to 
learn, was by his father's endeavours trained up 
in the English tongue, and having a good me- 
mory, could repeat what he had read once or 
twice, very readily. About that time, it hapned 
that one John Hayvvard, a virtuous good priest, 
who before had been a canon regular in Devon- 
shire, became vicar of Nether-Stowey, who per- 
ceiving that Robert had pregnant parts, did teach 
him the Latin tongue, and after had a special 
affection for him ; for he living to the beginning 
of the j-ear 1575, endeavoured to get him into 
Baliol coll. did exhibit unto him, as 'tis said, and 
was not against the resignation which he made of 
his fello\vship. In the latter end of 1563, our 
author R. Parsons being fitted for academical 
learning was sent to the said coll. but whether he 
was at his first coming a servitor, or scholar, I know 
not. Sure it is, that by the heli) of good natural 
parts, accompanied with unwearied industry, he 
became in short time a smart disputant, not only 
in the coll. but public schools, as occasion served. 
In the latter end of May 1568, he was admitted 
bach, of arts, and the same year probalioner- 

' In the Anatomy of Popish Tyranny. Lond. l603. lib. S. 
can. 5. sect. I. 'In the l.ife of Father Parsons, at 

the end o{ The Jesuits Dowifall. Ox. I6l2. p. 52. 

■ Sec Camden's Annals of Q. E/ii. under the vvslt 1(502, 
and in Watson's Quodtibets of State. * Rob. Persons 

in his Manifestation of Folly- printed ifiOl. fol. Cg. b. 
cap. 7- 

3 [This account of Wood's is set aside by tlie evidence of 
Dr. Abbot, wlio, in a letter which will he fc.mid at note*, 
informs us, that a regular certificate of bastardy was produced 
to the college meeting previous to his removal from Balliol.] 



65 



I'l-KSONS. 



66 



^ 



fellow of the said coll('c;e; which heing tcrnii- 
iiatcd, he was made eiia|)lain-fcllow, and so con- 
geijuently (I presume) went inio orders, heiiig then 
n noted tutor in the coll. In Mi<-haelmas-term 
l.^y'-i he was admitted master of arts, stood in the 
net celebrated 12 Oct. 1.373, and on the 13 Feb. 
following he resigned his fellowship of his own 
accord (as the register of 13al. coll.'' saith, tho' 

♦ lirg. Aclor Coll. littl. p. 125. See the whole story of 
tiis expulsion, which was no oiher than a rcsigiintion in Fa. 
Person's Uriif Apoloii^, fol. 1()'J, 193, 1()4, &c. [The follow- 
ing IcUcr from archhishop Abbot, wlio had Ijcen a fellow of 
BalUol, toDr.Hussye, puts this afl'.iirof the expulsion or re- 
signation in a stronger and clearer light, than any other docu- 
ment 1 have yet met with. It was transcribed by Henry 
foulis, fellow of Lincoln college, from the original paper, and 
ublished by him in his History of Romish Treasons and 
Usurpations, Londoa iC?!, folio. (Bodl. C. 1. 14. Th.) 
page 680. 

To my worshipful loving friend, Mr. Dr. Hussye, at 
Mr. Maiden's house, who dwelleth at the sfgn of 
the tunn in Watling-strcct ; give these. 

You write unto mc to know what is in record any way 

against Mr. Parsons ; and I return you here inclosed, word 

for word, so much as is in the register of Baliol colledg. In 

the resignation, as you may see, he had written spontc it 

coacius i but now it is spontc non coarlus (et) being blotted 

out, and (non) being set* over. Which 

, ' I am deceived if it be not alter'd by 

|,,_ some body else of late, in as much as 

I am verily pcrswadcd, that since my 

coming to the colledg, I have seen it sponte et coacius ; 

which although it carry a contradiction, yet intimateth that 

he resigned against his will. The particufar re.asons whereof 

. , ,° ... no man can tell belter than Dr. Tiir- 

+ In the proctor s book , ,,. • ,. ,, _ , ,„ , „, 

I find one Tho. Hyfle "er, now dwelling in I'etter lane; or 
proceeded master of arts Dr. f Hide of Sarum ; for, as 1 take 
the s.ime year with Rob. it, they were both present at his re- 
Parsons, viz. 1573. moving. 

The causes and manner of his giving over, as far as I 
could ever comprehend, were these: 

J Christopher Bag- Bagshaw.J being a smart young man, 
»haw admitted fellow g^j „„£ jyi,o thought his penny good 
1.57J; left the colledg -^^.^ ^f^^,^ ,^01 he had his grace to 
IriSlx was made priest ■ , , i i- . J? „ 

in France, lived a while be batchclor of arts ; was with some 
jn the English colledg dcspiglit swindijcd by I'arsons, Ijeing 
at Rome ; proceeded dean of the colledg : Jloc nianet alia 
doctor, some say at menlc repostum : And Bagshaw afler- 
Padoa (A. P. Rc^y, ^^,,^^1 co,i,ing to be fellow, was most 
r:s; an^d t^Z.'lu^ hot in prosecution against Parsons. It 
faculty at Sorbonne. was the more forwarded bv Dr. Inquire s 
He was active against displeasure, who was llien master of 
the arch-priest in the Baliol colledg, and thought liinuelf to 
stirrs at Wisbich : He ^.^y^ (jg^,! i„i,(.l, bitten by vile libels, 
lived to be very old. ^j^^ ,^^^^^^^^ whereof he conceived Par- 

sons to be ; who in truth was a man at that time wonder- 
fully given to scoffing, and that with bitterness, which also 
was tlie cause that none of the company loved him. 

Now Dr. Stpiire and Bagshaw beiii" desirous of .some oc- 
casion to trim him, this fell out: In the year 1572, Pai|sons 
had been bourser and being joyn'd in office with one St.in- 
clif, a very simple fellow, he took the adv.mtage of the 
weakness of his colleague, and falsified the reckonings nuich 
to the damage of the colledg, as also deeply polling the com- 
nioners names, whereof there was store in the colledg; and 
withall, not sparing his own scholars: By all which means it 
•was thoiiglit, that he had purloin'd one hundred marks. 

His office expiring at St. Luke's tide, there were s<inic that 
between that and February 1,'>73, scauncd over the booki. 

Vol. II. 



certain authors tell ns, that he resigned to prevent 
e.v pulsion), being then, if nut bcfurc, about to 

being moverl thrrrln by the trerel compUinU of loine of ih« 

commoners their irholarii and fin' Aut 

being now reriificd, that he wu i I itw 

first i|U.-ility there requimi by ttai...- , i ..... .. ., , i,.,«r 

should be Ugitimo thoro nalui, tliry proceeded to lijtr his 
expulsion soleinnly. Where, by the way, you luay add, that 
Parsons w.xs not of the best fame cunoeming inoontU 
nency, § as I have heard some s.iy who 
lived in Oxon at that time: liut whe- i^ Sjudxrs «r/#. 
ther that were then objected against Jjj J^.'SST' 
him, I have not heard. ' '^' 

Parsons being put to this push in the colledg ehappel, and 
ways sufficient concurring to cx|iell him, arid in truth nn 
man standing for hiiA, uiakctli humble rcqueni, 'J1iat he 
might be suHercd to resign; which, with some a-tio, waa 
yeelded to him; and then iic wrote as you luve here iu- 
closed. 

Afterwards, W-forc the assembly broke up, he entreatnl 
that his giving over might be conceal'd, by reason that it 
would be disgraceful unto him with all men, but especially 
with his scholars and their friends, and for these causes hum- 
bly prayed. That he might keep his scholars, chanil>er, fitc. 
and be reputed as a fellow in the house, the matter being 
concealed from all the boys and the younger sort in the 
house ; which then in words was yeelded unto, and that other 
decree which now you see razed, was enacted for the time, 
but afterward was soon crossed, as you may behold. 

And soon after their coming out of the cha|>pel, by Bag- 
shaw's means a peal of bells was rung at Magdalen parish 
church, being the parish wherein Balliol colledg standeth; 
the reason of which ringing, as it was im)>aried to some few, 
to be to ring out Mr. Parsons, so generally it was not known 
to the world, or in the colledg, which gave occasion to thi* 
farther jest: 

When Parsons was expcll'd, he was one of the deans of 
the colledg, and so by his place was to keep corrections in 
the hall on the Saturdays. The next lime therefore of cor- 
rections, which was the day of Parsons his expulsion, or 
.soon after. Dr. Squire causeth Parous lo go into the hall a* 
dean, and to call the book and roll, Sec. and then cometh 
Dr. Squire himself in, and as if it had been in kindncia 
to countenance him (but in trith more profi>undly to 
deride him) he calleth him at every word, Mr. Dean, and 
desireth him often to have a strict care to the giiod govern- 
ment of the ytnilh ; and not only for a fit, but all the lime of 
his vear that he was toconiirmc in office. 

Some of the commoners knew all this pageant, and laughl 
the more sweetly ; and Parsons, in the end, spying how he 
was scorned, and nothing concealed; nay, undersuiiidina all 
his knell which was rung out for him, for very 5h.?me got 
liiin away to London ; and there, not knowing what course 
at first to take, at length resolved to try his fortune lieyond 
's.ia, pnrjiositiij;, as ii should seem at his dc)>arture, to study 
physick ; but ~ afterward, when he came into Italy, resoly- 
ing rather lo study the civil law ; which he did for a time at 
Bonoiiia, as himself in that place told Mr. Da vers, brother 
to the late sir John Davers.as the said .Mr.Daveti hatli him- 
self told me; but afterwards, be-like wanting means of con- 
liimanre, he tum'd to be a Jesuit. ,. , , . 

Presently upon his de|Kirture out of hngland, he sent a 
letter, or rather a notable libel lo Dr. Squire ; and he had so 
ordered the matter, that many copies of the letter were taken 
and abroad in the hands of others, bi-fore the letter came to 
the doctor; which was the true cause that many very' lewd 
things were falsely reported of Dr. Squire, although in Uulh 
he was such a man as wanted no foults, &c. 
Your very loving friend, 
I'ebruarv 1. I()<)l. UboRSB AbbOT. 

At Uuivcr^ity colledg. 

r 



67 



J»ERSONS. 



68 



change his rehijion.' In June 1574 he left Eng- 
land, went to Calais, and thence to Antwerp ; at 
vhich place after he had continued for some weeks, 
he diverted himself for a time with a journey to 
Lovain, where, being no sooner arrived, but he 
fell into the company of father Will. Good his 
country-man, by whom he was kindly received, 
and with him spent some days in spiritual exer- 
cise. So that whereas then, and before, he had 
addicted his mind to the study of physic, and did 
intend to prosecute it at Padua, (to which place 
he had then intentions to go,) he, by Good's ad- 
vice, made some doubt of that matter. At length 
he went there, and was for some time not only 
conversant in that faculty, but also in the civil 
[3*7] law. Upon second thoughts he relinquished 
those studies, went to the English coll. at Rome, 
was there admitted into the society of Jesus 
4 July 1575, went thro' the several classes of di- 
Ainity, and in 1580 journied into England with 
Edm. Campian and others to advance the Ro- 
mish affair.s, with power then given by P. Greg. 
XIII. for moderating the severe bull of P. Pius 
V. While he continued there, which was in the 
quality of a superior, he travelled up and down 
in the country to gentlemen's houses, disguised 
in the habit sometimes of a soldier, sometimes 
like a gentleman, and at other times like a minis- 
ter and an apparitor. And being a person of a 
seditious and turbulent spirit and armed with a 
confident boldness, tampered * so far with the 
R. Catholics about deposing Qu. Elizabeth that 
some of them (as they afterwards confessed) 

The inclosed resignation, mentioned in the letter, runs 
thus 

Ego Robertiis Persons socius collegii de Balliolo, resigno 
otnne mcum jus, tilulum ct clameum, quern habco vel 
habere potero societatis me^ in dicto collegio, quod qui- 



" Here rf is duh'd 
out, and/wnnritten over 
it. [Through the kind' 



non« 

dem facio sponte et coactus, die 
decimo tertio mensis Februarii Anno 
Dom. 1573. 

Per me Rob. Parsons. 



ness of the rev. William 
Vain, fellow of Balliol 
Collere, these extracts 

Uud t^th ^r::!gi^:!; The Indoscd decree, mentioned in the 
letter, take thus: 
P^odera tempore decretumest unani- 
mi consensu m' et reliquorum so- 
ciorum, ut magistcr Robcrtus Par- 
sons nuperriuie socius retineat sibi 
siia cnbicula et scholares quosque 
voluerit, et commuiiia sua de col- 
legio habeat usque ad festum Pas- 
schatis immediate sequenlis. 
But this last decree was presently after cancell'd or cross'd, 
and so remains in their Register book." 

' [Xtoph. Bagshaw, his fellow coU^. and fellow priest, 
gives thel)est account of his behaviour and expulsion at Ox- 
ford, which had Mr. Wood seen, he could hardly have been 
thius partial in favour of this Jesuite. See Dr. Bagshaw's 
Answer lo Ajiologie, at end of Dr. Ely's Notes, 1602, 8vo. 
p. 32. Kknnet. Yet surely Bagshaw's evidence should be 
received with some distrust, when we remember that he was 
the personal antagonist and enemy of Persons. Edit.] 
* Camden in Annal. Reg. Eliz. sub an. 1580. 



lated with tlie origi 
preserved in the college 
they prove to be mi- 
nutely correct, except, 
that, at present, tne 
word fion docs not ap- 
pear, althougli it is clear 
that there has been 
some erasure imme- 
diately above the word 
tt. Edit.] 



thought to have delivered him up into the magis- 
trate's hands. About which time Campian be- 
ing seized and committed, he made haste out of 
England for fear of being snap'd also, and forth- 
with went to Rome, where making profession of 
the four vows, he was constituted rector of the 
English coll. there, an. 1587. Afterwards he 
went into Spain, where by his great learning ex- 
pressed in Disputing, writing, and promoting the 
cause, he became Known to, and respected by, 
the king of that place. About 1597 he returnetl 
to Rome, in hopes of a cardinal's cap,' but missing 
it, died, as 'tis said, with grief. He was a rest- 
less active man, and tho' of a violent fierce na- 
ture and rough behaviour, yet he was more zealous 
for the promoting of the Jesuits' interest than 
any of, and perhaps before, his time; witness 
his unweariea endeavours of instituting novices 
of the society at Sevill,' Valladolid, Cadiz, Lis- 
bon, Doway, S. Omers, and at Rome. Also his 
continual publishing of books, as well as in the 
Latin, as m the English tongue, which did no 
great good to the cliurch of England, and the 
noted professors thereof. And lastly his endea- 
vours of keeping Spain and England in differ- 
ence, and of liis melting the Spaniards to invade 
England or Ireland again, of breaking the law- 
ful succession of the crown, by confirming the 
right of it to a daughter of Spain, and what not, 
to promote the interest of that country and his 
society. As for those books which he hath writ- 
ten (published either without a name, or else in 
the names of other persons,) I shall here give 
you the titles of as many that have come to my 
hands, and they are these ; 

A brief Discourse containing the Reasons, why 
Catholics refuse to go to Church. — Said to be printed 
at Doway, but really, at Lond. 1580. m oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. M.59.Th.] published under the name 
of Jo. Howlet, and dedicated to Qu. Elizabeth 
with a large epist. subscribed by the said J. How- 
let. See more in the Fasti, 1.569. I have seen a 
book in Bodley's lib. (being one of the copies 
which was seized before the title page was 
printed) intitlcd in the first page of the book it- 
self, thus, Reasons that Catholics ought in any 
wise to abstain from heretical Conventicles. The 

' [His ambition and steps towards a cardinal's cap are best 
represented by the same Dr. Ely. Notes, &c. p. g4. 

Of his false pretensions to loyalty to queen Elizabeth, and his 
extraordinary courtship to her, see B.igshaw's /instt'er, at the 
end of Dr. Ely's A'o/«, page II. Kennet. R. C. the ati- 
thor of A Hislory oftheEng. College at Doway, ISmo. 1713, 
says, that Persons was ' subtle, powerful, indefatigable, and 
designing,' and that although disappointed in the attainment 
of the cardinalship, he obtained his end so far, that he had 
the thing without the name, and found a way to govern all 
the clergy b\' the proxy of his creatures, p. 13.1 

' [Yet D. Cecil attributes the beginning of the seminariei 
in Spaine to his own Industrie, and that father Parsons did 
but build upon his foundation. Dr. Ely's Notes on the Britft 
Jpology, 8vo. l603. p. 2U. Kennbt.] 



69 



PEHSONS. 



70 



running title at the top of every leaf of the book 
is A Treatise of Schism. Printed at London by 
Will. Carter, (executed for treason in the year 
1.584) who confessed, when that book came to be 
seized on in his house on Tower-hill near London, 
that there had been printed 1250 copies of the said 
hook. At that time the searchers found the ori- 
ginal, sent from Kheimcs, and allowed under J)r. 
Will. Allen's own hand to be truly Catholic and 
(it to be published. This book without doubt is 
the same which a certain ' author stiles Nine rea- 
fons why Catholics should abstain from heretical 
Conventicles, said by liim to be written by Uob. 
Persons. The same year that the Brief Discourse 
containing;, &c. was published, came out an answer 
to it entit. A Check to Mr. Howlet's Screechings 
to her Majesti/, Sec. but whether any reply fol- 
lowed I know not. The next books that i". Par- 
sons wrote were, 

Reasons for his coming into the Mission cf Eng- 
, land, with a Proffer or Challenge to dispute with liie 

Protestants. I'his book or treatise, tiio' after- 
wards put under the name of Kob. Persons in the 
Bib. Soc. Jesu, yet in the answer to it made by 
[358] ^.Mer. Hanmer and Will. Charke, it is by them 
said to be written by E. Campian. 

Brief Censure upon the txco Books of W. Charke 
and M. Hanmer, written against the Reasons and 
Proffer. Lond. 15S1. oet.['Bodl. 8vo. R. 80. Th.J 
To which W. Charke made a reply, printed in 
Oct. 

A Discovert/ of Joh. Nichols Minister, misreport- 
ed a Jesuit. Printed 1581. in oct. Answered by 
Tho. Lupton in a book entit. Jnstrer against a 
Jesuit's Hook, entit. ' A Discovery,' ik.c. Lond. 1582. 
qu. See more in Job. NichoUs an. 1583. [Vol. i. 
col. 49(i.J 

A Defence of the Censure, given upon two Booki 
of Will. Charke and Meredith Hanmer Ministers, 
which they wrote against Mr. Edmund Campian 
Priest, oj the Society of Jesus and against his Offer 
of Disputation. Printed 1582. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
/\. 18. Th. BS.] Taken in hand since the death 
of Campian. Against tliis book came out another 
entit. A Treatise against the Defence of the Censure, 
&.C. Cambr. 1586. oct". 

De Persecutione Anglicand Epistola. Qua expli- 
cantur Ajjiictiones, Mrumna S; Calamitntes gravis- 
simcp, &c. Rom. & Ingolst. 1582. Printed also 
in a book entit. Coucertatio Ecclesia; Catholica in 
Anglia, &.C. Aug. Trev. 1583. in oct. p. 79- [and 
1.594, in quarto. Bodl. 4to. C. .32. Th. folio 19, 
b.] Both which editions, the former I am sure, 
were published under the name of the English 

' Ant. Possevin. in Apparat. Sac. lom. 2. in Rob. Per- 
sons. 

' [See A Treatise against the Defence of the Censure 
given upon &c. in ISmo. printed at Cambridge, no year 
mentioned. This book Dr. Neve, in liis Animadversions 
on Mr. Phillipp's Life of Cardinal Pole, p. ig. calls, a 
eool, wcU-writt«n, sensible pctlbrwance. Cole.] 



coll. at Rome. See more in Joh. Bridgewatcr, 
an. 1.594. [Vol. i. col. ^i'25.] 

A Christian Directory or Exercise guiding Men 
to eternal Salvation, commonly culled The Rtnt- 
lution, first published in 158.). in oct. Froa 
which edition and book, were framed two more, 
published an. 1584. One of which was done by 
a Catholic gent, living at Roan in Normandy, 
full of errors, but in sense the hame. Another by 
Edm. liiinney of Merton coll. in Oxon, [Ix)nu. 
1609, Bodl. 8vo. Crynes 124.] but all altered to 
the Protestant use, as may be seen in tin- preface 
to Rob. Persons's edition of tiie same book in the 
year 1585. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 145. Th.] 

The second Part of a Christian Directory or Exer- 
cise, ii.c. Lond. 1591,92. in tw. Printed also in 
1560. in a large oct. [Bodl. 8vo. G. 8. Line] 
But these two parts, as it seems, being falsir 
printed at London, the author came out again with 
them, bearing this title. 

yl Christian Directory, guiding Men to their 
Salvation; divided into three Books. The first 
thereof pertaining to resolution, is only con- 
tained in this volume, and divided into two parts, 
and set forth now again with many corrections 
and additions by the author himself, with reproof 
of the falsified edition lately published by Mr. 
Edm. Bunney. Lovain 1598. in a thick oct. &c. 
These books of resolution, won our author (Per- 
sons) a great deal of praise, not only in the judg- 
ment of R. Catholics, but of very learned Pro- 
testants ^ Yet not to heap more praises upon 
him than he justly deserves, his enemies, and 
those of the Protestant party, say, that he was but 
a collector or translator at most, and that the 
book was not of his own absolute invention, but 
taken out of other authors. They say farther 
also, that ' his praise was for well translating, 
close couching, and packing it up togetiier in a 
very smooth stile, and singular good method ;' 
and add, that ' the platform of the said resolution 
was laid to his hand, by L. de Granada, who gave 
him the principal grounds and matter thereof, and 
the peiniing by one Brinkley,' &c. 

Responsio ad Elizabethan lieginee Edictum contra 
Catholicos. Rom. 1593. in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 

* [An abridgement or rather alteration of this work ajv 
peared in 1700. Parsons, liis Christian Directory, being a 
Treatise of Holy Resolution. In two parts. Put into me- 
dcrn English; and now made pMick , for Ike Instruction of 
tlie Ignorant; tlie Conviction of the Unbelieving; the .4wak- 
nine and Rertaiiniiig the yicious, and for Confirming tht 
Retigiotit in their good Purposes. London: Printed for 
Richard Sare at Gray's-Inn-Gate in Ifolbom, 1700. (Bodl. 
8\o. A. 4. Th.) In the preface, we are told thai this work 
is entirely new modelled, and rendered fit for good Christians 
oi ail denominations. If, says the editor, F. Parsons do not 
speak here as a Papist, yet he is not made to speak as a Pro- 
testant ; tliat is, he says only such things as suit a good 
Christian a: l.Tr-.;c, uiilioiit engaging in such others, as dis- 
linxiiisli him to be of any particular sort, and relate to con* 
trovertcd |K)ints, foreign to practical religiou, and too evi- 
dently destructive of it.} 

^ Fa 



71 



PERSONS. 



72 



97. Th. and in quarto. BoiU. 4to. P. .'51. Th.Scld.] 
'&c. Published under the name of Audr. Plii- 
lopater. 

J Conference about the next Succession of the 
Croicn oj England. In two parts 3. Printed 1593, 
Q\. in oct. [IJodl. 8vo. D. 4. Art. Seld.] under 
the name of N. Dolcman.'and is known by the 
name of The Book of Titlc.i. The first pari is for 
chastising of icings, "and proceeding against theni, 
fee. and was reprinted before the time lluit K. 
Ch. 1. was beheaded, by Rob. Ibbotson living in 
Smithfield, under this title, Several Speeches made 
at a Conference, or several Speeches delivered at a 
Conference concerning the Poaer of Parliaments to 
proceed against their King, for Mis-Government. 
" Lond. 1648, 10 sheets qu.' [Bodl. C. 3. 3. Line. 
" bishop Barlow's eopy.] They were licens'd by 
" Gilbert Mabbot the 31 of January 1647. Ur. 
" Barlow's note is this, in a spare leaf before the 
" title. ' This base and traiterous pamphlet is, 
" ' verbatim, the first part of Francis Doleman 
" ' (Parsons was the man under that name) toueh- 
r«)5Ql "' ingsuecessiontothe crown. These nine speeches 
" ' (as here they call them) are the nine chapters 
" ' in Doleman. And this was printed at the 
" ' charge of the parliament, 30 pound being paid 
" ' by tnem to tne printer in perpetuam eorum 
" ' infamiam. See the collection of his majesty's 
*' ' gracious messages for peace, p. 125, 126. The 
" ' messages were collected and printed, with ob- 

" ' servations upon them by ^Vir. Simons. 

" ' The said traiterous pam'phlet (Several Speeches) 

" ' was put out by Walker an ironmonger 

*' ' (from that he came to be a cowherd.) VVhen 
" ' the king came into London about the five 
" ' members, he threw into his coach a traiterous 
" ' paniphlet, call'd To thy Tents O Israel (vid. 
" ' Lambert ^V'ood's History.) He afterwards 
" * writ The perfect Occurrences, and now (1649) is 
" ' made a minister by the presbyterians. Mr. 
" ' Darby a Yorkshire and parliament man bought 
" ' Doleman of Corn. Bee at the King's-arms in 
" ' Little Britain, and gave it to Walker. 

" ' Doleman (before-mentioned) was an honest 
" ' secular priest, who hated such traiterous doc- 
" * trines, and father Parsons hated him, and (to 
" ' make him odious) did use his name, as if Dolc- 
" ' man had been the author, when Parsons indeed 
" ' made the book." ' The second part was to 
prove that the Infanta of Spain was the legal heir 
to the crown of England ; the penning w hereof 
did much endear him to the K. of Spain. But 
so soon as this book peeped forth, which was ac- 
counted a most haiuous and scandalous thing, the 
parliament enacted 35 Elizab. " as I have some 
" where read," that whosoever sliould be found to 
have it in his house should be guilty of high-trea- 
son. And whether the printer of it was hang'd, 

' [I.ord Burleigh's censure of ihis book. See ia a Letter 
to his son, sir Rob. Cecil. Mb. JiJif.M ] 



drawn, and quartered (as some say he was) I can- 
not afiirni. K. Cliarles 1. in his * Messages for 
Peace, doth mention and insist upon that book, 
called Several Speeches, &.c. and Mr. VV. Prynne 
in his speech to the committee 4 Dec. 1648, af- 
firmed 5 that he himself and others did complain 
of it, but nothing was done to vindicate the houses 
from that gross imputation, &.c. The said Confe- 
rence about the next Succession, &c. put out under 
the name of Doleman, was answered by sir Joh. 
Ilayward, knight, LL. D. an. 1603, under this 
title, The Right of Succession asserted, &c. [Bodl. 
4to. II. 9- Th.] Wiiieh answer Wcos reprinted 
for the satisfaction of the zealous promoters of 
the bill of exclusion. Lond. 1683. oct. The 
Conference it self also was reprinted at Lond. 
1681, Oct. purposely to lay open the author's 
pernicious doctrines in that ^juncture of time 
when the parliament was zealously bent to ex- 
clude James D. of York from the imperial crown 
of England. And how much some of the 
then fanatical applauded pieces in politics have 
traded with, and been beholding to, that Confe- 
rence, written by Doleman alias Persons, (not- 
withstanding their pretendedly great hatred of, 
and seeming enmity to, Popery,) by asserting many 
of the self-same most damnable and destructive 
principles laid down therein, is at large, by a just 
and faithful comparing of them together, made 
apparent in a piece entit. The Jpostate Protestant^ 
in a Letter to a Friend occasioned by the late re- 
printing of Doleman. Lond. 1682. in 8 sh. in qu. 
[Bodl. C. 9.7. Linc.5 Said to have been wrote 
by Edw. Pelling, rector of S. Marthi's church near 
Ludgate in London, chaplain to the duke of 
Somerset, and a Wiltshire man bom. Among 
the said fanatical applauded pieces in politics 
before-mentioned, must be reckoned a pamphlet 
entit. A brief History of Succession, collected out 
of the Records, and the most authentic Historians, 
written for the satisfaction of George earl of Hal- 
lifax, in 5 sh. in fol. To which, tho' no place or 
time was set, to shew when or where 'twas printed, 
yet, as I then observed, 'twas published in 1680. 
It was answered by Rob. Brady doctor of physic, 
master of Gonvil and Caius coll. and the king's 
professor of physic in the university of Cambridge, 
and burgess for that university to sit in the par- 
liament that began at Oxon. 21 March I68O, in 
a book entit. The great Point of Succession discus- 
sed, &c. Lond. 1681. in a thin fol. and by ano- 
ther excellent tract written by Anon, called Reli- 
gion and Loyalty supporting each other. Another [360] 
pamphlet atso, which was mostly borrowed from 
Doleman alias Persons was that entit. The great 
and weighty Considerations relating to the Duke of 
York, or Successor of the Crozcn, Sfc. considered. 
Lond. I68O. in 9 sh. in fol. which is quoted also 
in the Brief History of Succession, before-men- 



Ptinted by 11. Iloystou, p. 125. 



' P. 108, 109. 



73 



PERSONS. 



74 



tionecl. Which Great and weitrfitj/ Considerations, 
S)C. considered, were renriiUetl at LdiuI. 1()82, in 
Oct. and annexed to the second edition oC tlie 
]'ostscri|)t, written hy Thorn. Hunt of Grays-inn 
esq ; who, therein, tho' he makes use of Dole- 
man's principles, yet in a new e[)istle before llie 
said second edition of the Considerations, he owns 
them to be his. This person (Tho. Hunt) who 
had an ingenious pen, and was commonly called 
Postscript Hunt, was forced to leave England in 
the fanatical plot, which broke out 12 June 1()3J. 
Afterwards settling at Utrecht in Holland, we 
heard no more of him till Se[)t. 1688, and then an 
express coming to my hands, dated 13 of that 
month, I was thereby instructed that he then died 
lately at Utrecht before-mentioned, being big 
with expectation of returning shortly after to his 
native country, under the conduct of the prince 
of Orange, then about to make his expedition 
into England. But to return, I find other noted 

Eamphlels, which weic about that time published 
y some ill-designing scriblers, who are shewn to 
have taken many of their dangerous tenets thence, 
I mean from Doleman alias Persons, which is a 
well furnished common-place book for such tur- 
bulent authors to enlarge on, as their respective 
Srojects and interests should suggest. Also that 
ohn Bradshaw's long speech spoken at the con- 
demnation of K. Ch. 1. and also the Treolise con- 
cerning the broken Succession of the Crown of Eng- 
land'' &c. to make way for Oliver the usurper, 
were most taken out of .Doleman alia.-, Persons, 
msiy be seen in Dr. George Hicks's sermon' on 
the 30 Jan. l68l, before the L. Mayor of London. 
The truth of this, as to the last, a note placed at 
the end of the said treatise, hath put beyond all 
donbt. . At length several positions in the said 
Conference written by Persons, being looked 
upon as dangerous and destructive to the sacred 

Cersons of princes, their state and government, 
y the university of Oxford, particularly that 
which saith, ' birthright and proximity of blood 
do give no title to rule or government,' &c. the 
members thereof condemned them, and that in 
particular, by their judgment and decree passed 
in convocation 21 July 1()83. Which beiug so 
done, they caused the book it self to be publicly 
burnt in their school-<|uadrangle. As for the other 
books that our author Uob. Persons hath written, 
they are these following ; 

Jf temperate fVardword to the turbulent and 
seditious Watclwordof Sir Franc. Hastings Knight, 



Printed at Loml. l655. qu. [Bishop Barlow's copy, 
(Jl. C. 3. 3. Line.) has the followina; MS. note in the 



e 
(Bodl. C. 3. 3. Line.) has the tollowuig 
prelate's own hand. ' This treatise is the same with the 
former, {Several Speeches, &c.) a little alter'd ; soe willing 
they were (those pretended saints) to make nse of the Ijasest 
arlcs, and Jesuiticall amies against the estahlishcd gouern- 
ment of their owne conntry, and haueing murdered thi'ir 
kingc, by these and snch other traitorous artes, they iudcauour 
to keepe liis sonne from the succession.'] 

' Printed at Load. iCJ82. first edit. p. 28. 



&c. prititcd 1599, qu. [Bodl. 4to. W. 24. Th.] 
under the name of N. Doleman, that i* I'ir dolo- 
rum, in respect of the grief and iKjrrow thai Fn. 
Persons bore in his heart for llic aftiiclion and 
calamity of iiis country, as a certain author U-il* 
me, tho' • others say that the reason why he put 
the name of Doleman tu suine of hiit b«>uki>, wa* 
because he bore great malice to', and hntcd iiim, 
card. Allen, and sir Fr. Iiiglcficid usi biilcr ene. 
mies. Of tliis Nic. Doleman, who wu* a grave 
priest, and of u mild diitpositioii, you may read 
111 a book entit. A Relation of a I'uctiun Oc^an al 
IVisbieh, 159.>, iScc. p. 12, 13, 14, &c. .32, 47, &c. 

A Copi/ of a Letter urilten bif a Mmter of Art$ 
of Cambridge, to his Friend in lAindon, tonrerning 
i-orne Talk passed of late beltceen two tcorthipfuland 
grave Men, about the present State, and some Pro- 
ceedings of the Earl oj Leicester and his Friends in 
England, &c. AV'rittcn iu 1584,' but the ccrtaiu 

* Vide Camdcnum in Annal. Peg. F.lizab. tub. nn. 1.M)4. 

' [This religious man father Parsons borrowed M. Dolc^ 
man s name (a secular priest) and dedicated hU !.■ ' ' e 

E. of Ksvcx, when he was in his rulTc, the « 
Ijrought ihat priot into some danger then. Dr. L.. , ....... 

on the Titirfe Aliatogy, 8vo. l603. p. i8. Kenset.) 

' [\\ ood seems wrong in this dale, at least if we may tnut 
the autliority of Dr. Farmer's Sale Catalogue, 8vo. Lond. 
■ 798, numh. 3847, where an edition dated 1583, with a MS. 
note by its late |>osse$sor, was sold for W. I \i. (id I'he next 
edit. I have seen ; it is dated 1584, (Bodl. Svo. L. 70. Art.) 
Whether there were anjr subseournt to thi», and prrviom to 
i(i4l, I know not; but in this latter year two apjieared, on* 
in 4to. the other small 8vo: with this title, Leyeeitir't Com- 
monwealth : conceived, tpuken and pulliihed irilli the mett 
earnest Protestation qf all dutifull Cood-ffitl and jlffectioH 
towards this Realm, for whole Good onely, it is made common 
to many. To this was first appended Leicester's Ghost, x 
poem written in the style of the Mirror Jor Magistrates, in 
which Parsnns's name is placed as author, though ccrtsinly 
without foundation, for the Jesuit was no poet. The Com- 
munweal/h was again reprinted (without The Ghost) with a 
long preface by Dr. James Drake, Lond. 8%-o. I706. Secret 
Memoirs of Holer t Dudley, tic. trriiten during hit Lift and 
now published from an old Manuscript never lefore printed, 
I con)ecture.that this attempt of Dr. Drake did not succeed, 
for 1 have seen copies of this volume with a new title, The 
Perfect Picture of a Favourite, lie. In the Rxlleian arc 
two MS. cr.pies oi^ 7'//c Commonwealth, rawl. Mkc. C). ami 
10 ; and several will be found in the Harkian collection in 
the British Museum. 

It is rather singular, that before I had resided in the uni- 
versity a fortnight, chance threw in my way a .MS. copy of 
the (ihost which contained a Supplement of a very cunoui 
and interesting nature. This MS. was delivernl to a penoa 
in Oxford with orders to transcribe it, and from the marks on 
the volume 1 conjecture it came from some college library. 
The transcriber could not read it, and brought it to inc for 
assistance in decvphcring the abbreviations. I immediately 
knew it to be a MS. copy of Leicester's Ghost, and lent the 
writer my own printed copy on condition of being allowed 
to trnnscribe the Supplement. The person who paid fof 
his transcript h.is probably been deceived by the subsliluti.in 
of a text alrc-idv prnite<l (for I do not accuse the iranscriUr 
of a collation ottlie test, although I recommended it to him.) 
whilst I obtained the Pillowing contem|X)rary st.iicmetir, 
' The author hath omitted the end of the earle, i' 
mjiy thus and Iruely bee supplyed : the counte^tsc Lc • 
louc with Christopher BUmte gent, of the carle's Iut^, .: .'J 
they had many secret meetings and much w^iotou inui- 



75 



PERSONS. 



76 



vcar when printed, unless in 1600. 1 cannot tell. 
It was also printed in oct. (as the other was) in 
1631 % and hath this running title on the top of 
over)' leaf of the book, ji Letter of State of a 
Scholar of Cambridge. The first edit, and per- 
haps the second, was printed beyond the seas, and 
most of the conies beine sent into Encland bound, 
with the outside of tiie leaves coloured with green, 
the book was commonly called Father Persons's 
[36l] Green-Coat. 'Tis the same book with that entit. 
Leicester's Common-wealth, being a Dialogue be- 
tween a Scholar, a Gent- and a Lawyer. Lend. 
1641. qu. This book, tho' commonly reported 
to be Persons's, (and that he had most of his mate- 
rials for the composition thereof i'rom sir Will. 
Cecil, lord Burleigh,) which, I presume, did arise 
from Dr. Tho. James his affirmation' that he was 
the author of it, yet Persons himself saith, in his 
preface to the Warnword to Sir Franc. Hastings 
WastKord, that * he did not write Leicester's Com- 
monzccallh.' And certainly if he had been the 
author of it, Pitseus, and Ribadeneira with his 
continuators, would have mentioned it in their 
respective catalogues of our author's works, where- 
as they are altogether silent in that matter. 

liarity, the which being discoiiered by the earle, to preuent 
the pursute thereof, when generall of the Lowe Cuiitcrves, 
hee tooke Biuiil with him and iheire purposed to haue him 
made away, and for this plot there was a riiffan of Burgondy 
suborned, whoe watching him in one night goeing to his lod- 
ging at the Hage, followed him, and strucke at his head with 
a halbcrt, or batleaxe, intending to cleaue his head. But the 
axe glaunced and withall pared of a greate peace of BUmt's 
ckull . which wound was very daingerus and longe in heale- 
ing, but hee recoucred and after maryed the countesse, who 
tooke this soe ill, as that shee, with Blunt, deliberated and 
resohied to dispatch the earle ; the earle, i;ot patient of this 
great wronge of his wife, purpojcd to cary her to Kenelworth 
and to leaue her thcire vntill her death by nalurall or by 
violent meanes, but rather by the last. The countesse also hau- 
ine suspition or some secrett intelligence of this trechery 
against her, prouided artificiall nieancs to preuent the earle, 
which was by acordiall, the which she had noe fitt opertu- 
nitie to offer him, till he came to C'ornbury hall in Oxford- 
shire; wheare tho carle, after his glouttonus manner, surfet- 
jng with excessiue eating and drincking, fell so ill that hee 
was forced to stay theire. Then the deadly cordiall was pro- 

rnunded vnto him by the countesse. As Mr. William 
laynes some tymes the earle's page and then a gent, of his 
chamber tould me, who protested hee saw her giue that fatall 
cup to the earle which was his last draught, and an end of his 
plott against the countesse, and of his iorney, and of hiuiselfe ; 
and soe 

Fraudis fraude sua prcnditur artlfex.' 

Although 1 have been tempted to say so much on this really 
interesting volume, there seems no reason to suppose that 
Parsons was the author of either, and the curious reader will 
do well to satisfy himself on this head by the perusal of two 
letters by Dr. Ashton, master of Jesus college, Cambridge, » 
and dean RIosse, anion!; Coles MS. Collections in the Britfsh 
Museum, (Vol. XXX. p. 129.) fully proving that it was 
written by some subtle couriicr ni Parsons's name] 

[So says a MS. note in Wood's own copy, which want- 
ed the title page, &c. but which was the edition of 1584. 
Mus. A^hm(>le, No. 450.J 

^ In the life of Fa. Persons, printed at th« end of The 
Jetuilt Down/jl, au. lOl'.*. p. 65, 56, &c. 



Leicester's Commonxcealth. Lond. l64I. oct. 
written in verse. This is a small thing, and con- 
taincth not the same sense with the former". 

Leicester's Ghost, in verse also. To both which, 
tho' the name of Rob. Persons Jesuit, is set in the 
title, yet 1 cannot any where find that he was the 
author. 

Jpologetical Epistle to the Lords of her Maj. 
Council, in Defence of his Resolution in Religion, 
printed 16OI. oct. 

Brief Apologi/ or Defence of th£ Catholic Eccle- 
siastical Hierarchy and Subordination in England, 
erected these latter Years by P. Clem. Vlll, and 
impugned by certaiii Libels printed and published 
of late, ^c. S. Omers )601. in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
C. 46. Th.] Soon after were certain notes wrote 
on this by Humph. Ely. 

Manifestation of the Folly and bad Spirit ofcer-^ 
tain in England, calling them Secular Priests, 
Printed l602. qu. [Bodl. 4to. C. 18. Th.] Thia 
is called a libel in a reply made to it by W. C. 

Erinted 160.3. qu. And it was animadverted upon 
y A. C. in his Second Letter to his Dis-Jesuited 
Kinsman, concerning the Appeal, State, Jesuits, &c. 
Printed 1602. qu. 

A Decachordon of 10 Quodlibelical Questions, 
about the Contentions between the Seminary Priests 
and the Jesuits. Printed 1602. qus. 

De Pere<rrinatione lib. I. Printed in tw. Thia 
I have not yet seen, and therefore know not whe- 
ther it be in Lat. or Engl. 

TheWarnwordto Sir Franc- Hastings' Wastword. 
Pr. 1602. in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. W. 10. Th.] 

Answer to O. E. whether Papists or Protestants 
be true Catholics. Pr. (160.3.) in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
R. .37. Th.] 

Treatise of the three Conversions from Paganism 
to Christian Religion, published under the name 
of N. D. that is INic. Dolcinan, in three volumes 
in oct. The first vol. which containeth two parts 
of the said treatise, was printed at S. Omers an. 
I6a'3. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 93. Th.] The second vol. 
which containeth the third part of the treatise, 
and an Examen of the kalendar or catalogue of 
Protestant saints, martyrs, and confessors, devised 
by Joh. Fox, &.C. for the first six months, was 
printed at the said place in 1604. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 
95. Th.] And the third vol. which containeth 
also the third part of the treatise, and an Examen 
of the said kalendar of John Fox for the last six 
months, was printed at the same place in the same 
year, under the initial letters of IS . D. [Bodl. Svo. 
P. 94. Th.] When the said three volumes were 
first published, they were sold in Oxon for 20 
shillings, but some years after the restauration of 
K. Ch. 2. 1 bought them for 3 sh. The stune 
year (1604) came out A round Answer to Parsons, 

* [I have never been able to see a copy of this book, and 
am of opinion, that Wood has confounded it with the 
C/iost.'] 

♦ ^Wi ote by WLlliatn Watson, secular priest Baiur.] 



77 



PERSONS. 



78 



alias Doletnan the Noddy, in qii. but whether to 
w\y of" the fornur treatises, I know not. 

j4 Relation of a Tn/al made before the K, of 
Fiance, in the Year l(iOO. hettpeen the Bishop of' 
Hureiix and the Lord Plesds Moriiai/ ; alioiit cer- 
tain Points of corrupting and falsifying yJuthors, 
whereof the said Plessis teas openly convicted, S. 
Omcrs lG04. in oct: published under the initial 
letters of N. L). [Bodl. 8vo. P. 95. Th.J 

A Defence of the precedent Relation of a Confe- 
rence about Religion. Printed with the Relation 
of a Tryal, See. 

Rcviezc of ten public Disputatiom or Conferences 

held within the Compass of' four Years, under K. 

Ed. and Q. Mart/, concerning some principal Points 

£3G2] »" Religion, especially of the Sacraii.ent and Sncri- 

jice of the Altar. S. Oiners l(i04. in oet. under 

the name of N. D. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 94. Th.] 

Fore-runner of Bell's Downfal; or an Answer to 
Tho. Bell's Downful of Popery.'- I'r. iGOo. in oct. 
(Bodl. 8vo. D. 57. Th.] 

An Answer to tliefflh Part of Reports lately set 
forth by Sir Edw. Coke Knight, the King's Attor- 
ney-gen. &c. S. Omers l606. in qu. [fiodl. 4to. 
C. 21. Jur. Seld.] published under the name of a 
Cath. divine. 

De Sacris alienis non adeundis, Questiones dua: 
Ad Usurn Praximq ; Anglia breviter explicatee. 
Audonare 1607. in oct. 

Treatise tending to Mitigation tozcards Cath. 
Subjects in England, against Tho. Morton, pr. 1G07. 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. B. 86. Th.] The said Morton was 
afterwards bishop of Durham. 

The Judgment of a Catholic Gent, concerning K. 
James his Apology for the Oath of Allegiance. S. 
Oiners 1608. in qu. Answered by \V ill. Barlow 
bishop of Lincoln. 

Sober Reckoning with Mr. Tho. Morton. Pr. 
1609. qu. [Bodl. 4to. M. 41. Th.] 

Discussion of Mr. Barlowe's Ansxeer to The 
Judgment of a Catholic English-man concerning the 
Oath of Allegiance. S. Omers l6l2. [Boftl. B. 
7. 2. Line] This book being almost finished 
before Pcrsons's death, was afterwards compleatcd 
and published by Tho. Fitzherbert. Sec more in 
Tho. Fitzherbert under the year 1640. 

The Liturgy of the Mass, of the Sacrament of 
the Mass, pr. 1620. in qu. 

A Memorial for Reformation : or, a Remem- 
brance for them that shall live when Catholic Re- 
ligion shall be restored in England. In 3 parts. 
'Tis the same, I suppose, that is called ' The iiigh 
Court or Council of Reformation for England.' 
The author of it, tho' twenty years (as 'tis said) 

« \TheDolefvl Knell of Thomas Bell. Thai is , A full and 
sounde answer to his Pamphlet intituled The Popes Feneral, 
which he published agni'ist a Treatise of myne, called Ike 
Fore-runner of Bcls ^Dofvnefal. Printed at Roune 16O7. 
Bodl. 8v(). Z. 404. Th. This, although the title professes it 
to have Ixiii written by B. C. student in divinity, wa« un- 
doubtedly the production of Parsons.] 



in compiling it, (all which time and after, it woa 
secretly kept) yet it was never printed in hi* lime. 
'Twas tinislied by him 1596,' and, an 1 liavc beca 
informed, 'twas published itomt- yeani after hit 
death. At length a copy of it coming into the 
hands of lidw. (Jce rector of S. Benedict, near 
Paul's VN'harf in Lond. and chaplain in ord. to K. 
Will, and Q. Mary, he published it under thi* 
title : A Memorial of the Reformation of England ( 
containing certain Notes and Adverli^ententi,ahich 
seem" miglil be proposed in thejint Parliament, and 
National Council of our Country, after Cod, of 
his Mercy, shall restore it to the Catholic Faith, 
for the better Establishment and Preservation of the 
said Religion. Lond. I69O. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. Z. 
284. Th.f To which the said Edw. Gee hath put 
before it an introduction, and added some animad- 
versions. 

ControversitcnostriTemporisin Epilomen redacta. 
MS. in Baliol coll. library, written with the au- 
thor's own hand. In the front of which is this 
written : ' Compilator hujusce epitomes est Ro- 
bertus Personius, ut patet ex Johaivie Rainoldo 
in censura librorum Apochryphorum, pralectione 
secunda, pag. 22. ex cditione Hierouimi Galleri 



^ [A copy in manuscript, be.iring that dale, will be fonnd 
among Dr. Hawlinson's collection in the Bodleian, Misc. 
149. This was presented to some person by an anonymous 
possessor, who has prefixed the following account of the book. 
' This ensuing treatise was written by Robert Persons, the 
first mohile (while he liued)of our English Jcsuiu : and all. 
though it containe many notable good point* of good order, 
yetareUieir many of them injurious to the stale, and to all 
religions orders, against the practise of holy church, new 
fangled, and directly 0|>po5ing. the vnion of the church, at I 
shall shew to y' honour, in a particular treatise of vnion, so 
soon as my health shall giue my time to vnfold my thought* 
in writing vnto you. VVhich I iherfore intend to ao, becaoM 
I pcrccaue your honour desirous to do good, and most vnwil- 
ling to do any harmc in this matter. 

' Only thus much it is expedient y' honour should know : 
That at the very time this book was written and read dayly at 
dinner time in the colle^ of Valladnlit, vnder the Jesuit's 
gouernment, the king of Spaine had prooided a great armada, 
or nauy, which lay at Ferrol, a port of Gala-cu, to inuade 
England, yf it had not bean dissipated by tem|)e3te5. Into this 
armada did the principall men of our English Jesuits at thai 
time enroll ihemselucs, and did not stick in their common 
talk, what monastery liuinpp they would apply to their order. 
And about that veiy lime did they procure, that all the scho- 
lars, English, of the seminary of Valledolit (very, likely of 
other seminaries) to subscribe to the right of the late infanu 
Isabella to the crowne of England ; according to the ground* 
layd by the same F. Persons \n another bookc of hia which 
he printed vnder tlie name of Doleman, in wliich the line of 
Scotland and all other rezall lines were som way or other 
excluded, and the line of bpaine, by the house of Lancaster 
established. An originall copie written of this l>olemaii, 
doctour Gifford, a BeneHictine, and after archebishoji of 
Rhemes, sent vnto king Jami-s of noble memorie, residing 
yet in Scotland." This note was apparently written about 
l600 ; the MS. probably at the time It u dated, ISgC.or near 

that time.] ■.,,.■■ 

» So it IS in the copy. [In the Bo<llcian MS. it is evi- 
dently a contraction, thusjwwe.pit'bably for teemelj/, tettor 

ingly.] 



79 



KNOLLES. 



80 



in nobili Openhemio.'' He also translated from 
En2;!ish into the Spanish tongue, A Relation of 
ceitain Martyrs in Emr/and. Madrid 1590. oct. 
At length after lie had spent his life in continual 
agitation for the cause, he gave up the ghost at 
itonic 15 An. according to the acconipt there fol- 
lowed, which is the Hffli day of the same month 
with us, in sixteen hundred and ten, and was bu- 
ried in the church or chappel belonging to the 
iGlO. English coll. there. Soon after was a monument 
put over his grave, with a large inscription there- 
on, which for brevity's sake 1 shall now pass by. 
In the rectorship of the said English coll. suc- 
ceeded Tho. Owen a Welsh-man. 

[It is unnecessary to add any thing to the life 
of Parsons, in addition to what will be found in 
the notes; for Wood appears to have incorpo- 
rated all the information that can be authenti- 
cated, and, on the whole, has given us an accurate 
relation of facts and events that marked the busy 
hfe of this celebrated Jesuit. 

I have never yet seen an engraved portrait of 
him, if we except the miserable head in Frcherus, 
but Bromley' registers two; I . in folio engraved 
by Neiffs, €. in 12mo. by AV'ierx.] 

RICHARD KNOLLES of the same funnily 
with those of his name, living at Cold-Ashby in 
Northamptonshire, made his first entry into this 
university, in 156o, or thereabouts,' took one de- 
gree in arts four years after, and then was elected 
fellow of Lincoln college, where, after lie had 
proceeded in that faculty, did purpose to per- 
form (if God granted him life) something that 
might be profitable to the Christian common- 
wealth, as in time God should give hiui means 
and occasions. In the mean while, sir Peter ^ 

' [The hand of the MS. is not like the hand in the rcajis- 
tcr of the oollefce, and the writer of t]ic MS. is mciiiioncd in 
• tlie end of the first part. MS. note hy Cliarles Godwin, B. D. 
rector of.AU Saint's Colchester, and fellow of Balliol college, 
in his copy of Savage's BnWo/prgHS, 4to. iGGs, p. 112. now 
in tlie Bodleian. 1). 4. 24. Line] 

■ [^Calalnme of Engraved British Portraits, 4lo. Lend. 
1793, p. 54/1 

* [Richard Knovvlis and Frincis Holmeby, it appears from 
the parish rcizister, were married at Cold-.\shl)v, June 17. 
loGO: p.obahly our aulhor's father to a second wife. See 
^nd'^es's Norlhamptoyishirc, i. 553, note*] 

^ [Watts proposes to read Sir /^ogcrManwood, afterwards 
lord chief baron of the Kx(he<jucr,' but he is wrong. Sir 
, Uo;»C' Man wood was one of the chief promoters of the fonn- 
dation of S.indwieh school, but he died in ISgg, and was 
succeeded liy his son sir Peter Manwood, Knollcs's patron, 
who, as well as his father, having been a very liberal bene- 
ftetor to the town of Sandwich, had probably inlerest to ob- 
<aiii the mastership of the school for our author. For a ])ar- 
licular account of ihe Man woods, see Bovs' Hiifcnj of Sand- 
uicli, p. 1()<): and for a history of the school, Strype's Life 
of Arcldisliop Parlcer, p. 138, and Hasted's Ilist.' vf Kent, 
Vol. iv. p. 273. By the kindness of Dr. Talham, the rector 
of Lincoln, I have obtained access to an early Register of 
that college, which roniains several letters from the mayor 
and jurats of Sandwich, \v\k> are governors of the school, on 
subjects connected with the foundation. Tlie college have, 
for a long time, nominated the master, although of late years. 



Manwood of St. Stephens near to Canterbury, 
knight of the Bath, minding to be a favourer of 
his studies, called him from the university, and 
was by him preferred to be master of the free- [•'563] 
school at Sandwich in Kent, where being settled, 
he did much good in his profession, and sent many 
young men to the universities. And tho' he was 
there in a world of troubles and cares, and in a 
place that afforded no means of comfort to pro- 
ceed in great works, yet he performed much for 
the benefit of history at his vacant hours, upon 
the desire of the said sir Peter, as it doth ap- 
pear by these his works following. 

The History of the Turks, Lond. 16 10. &c. 
fol. [Fifth edit. Lond. 1638, folio, Bodl. F. 4. 8. 
Art. with Nabbes's continuation. But the best 
edition was that published in three folio volumesiy 
with a continuation by sir Paul Rycaut, Lond. 
1687, folio. Bodl. Godwin, 138, &c.] which book 
he composed in about twelve years time:" And 
tho' it all goes under his name, yet some there be. 
that think he was not the sole author of it, be- 
cause therein are found divers translations of 
Arabic histories, in which language he was not at 
all seen, as some that knew liiin have averr'd. 
Li other editions of this book, for there have been 
at least five, it beareth this title, T/te general 
Hislorif of the Turks, from the first Beginning of 
that J^ation, to the Rising of the Ottoman Family, 
&c. It hath been continued from Knoiles's death 
by several hands ; and one continuation was 
made from the year 1628, to the end of the year 
1637, collected out of the dispatches of sir Pet. 
Wyche, Kt. embass. at Constantinople, and 
others, by Tho. Nabbcs a writer (for the mo.st 
part comical) to the English stage in the reign of 
K. Ch. L^ A continuation of the Turkish Hist; 

it is feared, the school has been totally ^leglccted, owing to 
the inadequacy of the funds for its support. By the will of 
Mrs. Joan Trapp, one scholar should be sent to Lincoln 
college, but in Kitil, and .it several oilier time's, it appcara 
from the Rep;ister above quoted, that no person properly qua- 
lified could be found, in which case the rector and fellows 
fill up the vacancy.] 

* \T/ic Gen. Historic nf Ike Turkiis from the first Beginning 
of that Nation, &'c. unto Ihe Yeir I()10. Written by Rich. 
Knolles, some time fellow of Line, coll in C.xford 2'"' edit, 
lOlO. Lp. did. to the king (James 1.) — ' by the encou- 
ragement of the right worshipfull my most espcciail good 
friend S^ Peter Manwood, k'. of the Bath, the first mover of 
me to take this great work in hand, and my continuall and 
onlv comfort, stav and helper therein.' And again in his 
indiiction — ' this History had perish'd in the birth, had 1 not 
manv times, fainting in the long and painfull tiavell ibere- 
vvitli', by my especiall good and hon'''"" friend, S'. Peter Man- 
wood of S'. Stephens in the countie of Kent, k*. of the Bath, 
a great lover and tavourer of learning (and in whose keeping, 
it so for the most part many yeares in safety rested) been still 
comforted and, as it were, again revived, and finally encou- 
raged to take it in hand, and as at first to perfect it, so now 
again to continue it, unto whom (being the only furthcrer, 
stay and hope of these my labours) thou art — and I for ever 
bounden. From Sandwich the last of March, JGIO. 
Kennet.I 

5 [Nabbes seems to have been secretary, or other domestic, 
to some nobleman or prelate at or near Worcester. Partly 



81 



KNOLLES. 



HASTINGS. 



S<2 



from 1623. to Ui77, was made by Paul Rycuut, 
esq; late consul at Smyrna. — Loud. Ki79- 

The Lives and Conquests of the Ottoman Kings 
and Emperors, to the Year 16 10. Lond. iG'iJ. 
Continued from that time (1610.) to 1621, by 
another hand. 

A brief Discourse of the Greatness of the Turk- 
ish Empire, and where the greatest Strength thereof 
consisteth, &c. 

Grammat. Latinrr, Graces &i Ilebr. Compen- 
dium, cum Radicibus. Lond. in oct. He also 
translated from the French and Lat. copies, into 
English, The Six Books of a Commonwealth. 
Lond. 1606. fol.* written by'Joh. Bodin a famous 
lawyer. At length this our author Knolles dying 
at Sandwich, before he had quite attained to the 
l6iO. age of man, in sixteen hundred and ten, was bu- 
ried in St. Mary's church there, on the second 
of July the same year, leaving behind him the 
character of an industrious, learned, and religious 
person. 

[The first edition of Knolles's excellent Turk- 
ish History was printed in folio, Lond. 1603; the 
only copy I have ever seen is that presented by 
the author to the library of the rectors of Lin- 
coln college. I cannot deny myself the satisfac- 
tion of transcribing Johnson's character of this 
work, which I am tlie more emboldened to do, as 
it is quoted in almost every copy of the Athene, 
I have yet seen, with MS. additions or references. 
Rambler, No. 122. ' But none of our writers can, 
in my opinion, justly contest the superiority of 
Knolles, who, in his History of the Turks, has 
displayed all the excellencies that narration can 
admiti His style, though somewhat obscured by 
time, and sometimes vitiated by false wit, is pure, 
nervous, elevated, and clear. A wonderful mul- 
tiplicity of events is so artfully arranged, and so 

hinted in his poem ' nn losing his way in a forest after he was 
intoxicated with drinking m-rry : wherein he says, 'I am 
a servant of my lord's.' Oldys, MS. Notes lo Langlaine. 
The following is a list of liis dranwlic productions : 

1. Microcosmus, a m;isrinc. Lond. l637- 4to. 

2. HaniMat and Scipio, a trag. Lond. I(i37. Bodl. 4to. 
S. 2. Art. BS. 

3. Corenl Garden, a comedy. Lond. lfi38. 4to. 

4. Spring's Glory, vindicating Love by Temperance, a 
masque. Lond. l638. 4to 

5. Presentatinnon llic Prince's Birth-Day. honA l638,4to. 

6. Tottenham Court, a com. Lond. lC38, 4to; lOSQ, 
4to; 1718, 12nio. 

7. Entertainment on the Prince's BirllinDay, a masque. 
Lond. lO'3(). 4to. 

8. The Vnforliinnfe Mother, a trag. Lond. l640, 4to. 
9 The Bride, a com. Lond. \(iW. 4to. 

Sir .lolin Suckling was a great favourer of Nabbcs, who, 
it is affirmed by Langbaine, drew on his own invention only 
for the plols arid language of his dramas : 

* He justifies that 'tis no borrow'd strain 
From the invention of another's brain. 
Nor did he steal the fancy.' — 
Prologue to Covcnt Garden. In the same prol. he hints at 
the short time in which his plays were composed.^ 

' [See the dedication and an extract from this work in 
Censura Literaria, vol. i. 349.] 

Vol. IL 



distinctly explained, that each fucilitalev the 
knowledge of the next. Whenever a new livt- 
sonage is introduced, the rcjuler i» prepared l)y 
his ciiaraetcr for his actions; when a nuliun i» 
first attacked, or city besieged, he u inudc ac- 
quainted with its history, or situation; ao that a 
great part of the world u brought into view. 
The descriptions of this author are without mi- 
nuteness, and tiie digressions without ostentation. 
Collateral events are so artfully woven into the 
contexture of his principal story, that they can- 
not be disjoined without leaving it lacerated and 
broken. There is nothing turgid in his dignity, 
nor superfluous in his copiousness. His orations 
only, which he feigns, like the ancient histo- 
rians, to have been pronounced on remarkable 
occasions, are tedious and languid ; and since 
they arc merely the voluntary sports of imagina- 
tion, prove how much the most judicious and 
skilful may be mistaken, in the estimate of their 
own powers. 

Nothing could have sunk this author in obscu- 
rity, but the remoteness and barbarity of the 
people whose story he relates. It seldom hap- 
pens, that all circumstjinces concur to happiness 
or fiune. The nation which produced this great 
historian, has the grief of secmg his genius em- 
ployed upon a foreign and uninteresting subject ; 
and that writer who might have secured perpe- 
tuity to his name, by a Instory of his own coun- 
try, has exposed himself to the danger of oblivion, 
by recounting enterprises and revolutions, of 
which none desire to be informed.' 

Although Knolles did not actually employ him- 
self in writing an English historj-, yet the anti- 
quities of his native country were, it may be pre- 
sumed, a favourite study with him, for be made 
a translation of our Camden's famous liiitannia. 
This work seems to have escaped all the persons 
who iiave hitherto noticed our author, althou);h 
the original MS. most beautifully written, is stdl 
preserved in the Ashmoleaii Museum at Ox- 
ford : 

Britannia ; or a Chorographicall Description of' 
the most Jlorishing Kin^domes of England, Scot- 
land and Ireland, and of the Hands adiacenl, 
drawne out of the most inward Secrets of Antiqui- 
tie. Written in Latin by William Camden, and 
translated into English by Richard Knolles. Folio, 
MS. Ashmole 849. In the title is the following 
note. ' This being Mr. William Camden's manu- 
script, found in his owne librarj-, lock't in a ciip- 
bord, as a treasure he much estemed, and sine 
his death sufferd to se light.'] 

FRANCIS HASTINGS, fifth son of Francis 
earl of Huntingdon, was bom, as it seems, in 
Leicestershire, where his father mostly lived, edu- 
cated in Magd. coll. under the tuition of Dr. 
Laur. Humphrey, in the beginning of Q. Eliza- 
beth's reign, from whom sucking in many Calvi- 
G 



83 



HASTINGS. 



POWNOLL. 



84 



nistical opinions, proved, when he was ripe in 
years, a severe puritan and predestinarian, (as his 
elder brother George was, wiio was trained up at 
Geneva under Theod. Bcza,) and a most zealous 
man for the reformed religion. Two other bro- 
thers also were as zealous for the church ot Rome, 
yet all for a time lived friendly together. After- 
• wards our author Francis was knighted by Q. 
Elizabeth, and being several times chosen a par- 
liament-man in her reign, became a frequent 
speaker in them, and at first a violent man 
against the Papists, tho' afterwards a favourer, 
especially at that time, when he and sir Rich. 
Knightly of Northamptonshire presented a peti- 
tion'to the parliament for favour, or a toleration 
to be given to them, \^'hereby it appeared then 
to the observer, that the puritan could joyn with 
the Papist against the church of England. He 
was a learned gentlemen, well read in authors, 
especially in those relating to the controversies 
between the Protestants and Papists, as it appears 
by his works, the titles of which follow. 

The Wacchtcord to all true-hearted Englhh-tnen. 
Lond. 1698. oct. \\ hich title did imitate that 
belonging to a book printed at Lond. in qu. an. 
1584, running thus, A lYcitchward to England to 
beware of Traytors, and treacherom Practices, &c. 
But the Watchword of sir F. Hastings being 
answered by Nic. Doleman alias Rob. Persons 
in his Temperate JVardword, our author came out 
with, 

Jn Jpologi/ or Defence of the Watchword, 
against the virulent and seditiom Wardword, pub- 
lished by an English Spaniard under the Title of 
[S64] N. D. Lond. l600. qu. [Bodl. 4to. H. 37. Th.] In 
which year came out also another book in defence 
of Hastings, entit. J brief Reply to a certain 
odious and scandalous Libel, lately published by a 
seditious Jesuit, calling himself, N. 1). 6)C. entit. 
A temperate Wardword. — Printed at Lond. in qu. 
but who the author of it was, I know not. Ano- 
ther also who writes himself O. E. published a 
second reply the same year against the said Te?7i- 
perate Wardword. [Bodl. 4to. W. 33. Th.] 
Against which, or another book relating to the 
said controversy, came out, A Coifutation of a 
vaunting Challenge made by O. E. unto JV. D. 
Pr. 1603. in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. R. 37. Th.] written 
by W. R. Rom. Catholic. Our author sir Francis 
also wrote. 

The Wardword, &c.— Pr. at Lond. 1601. oct. 
Answered by Persons's book called The Warn- 
word, an. l602. 

Meditations.— Vrinted several times in 16""°. 
Several Speeches in Parliament. — Some of 
which are printed in H. Townshend's Collections. 
[Bodl. R. 1. ll.Jur.] 

Remonstrance to his Majesty and Privy Council 
on the Behalf of persecuted Protestants, setting 
forth his Majesty's Interest lying safely in protect- 
ing them, and mcouraging the Preaching of the 



Gospel, and in being more watchful against the 
Papists. — MS. in qu. 

Discourse of Predestitw'ion. — MS. in the hands 
of the present earl of Huntingdon, with other 
things. All or most of which books were written 
at North-Cadbury in Somersetshire, where he 
mostly lived after he was married, being also a 
justice of peace for that county. He died in the 
month of Sept. in sixteen hundred and ten, and 
was buried on the 22d of the said month in the 
chancel of N . Cadbury church, near to the body 
of his lady, who died 14th of June 1596. To the 
memory of whom, sir Francis put up a monu- 
ment in the wall over her grave, with an inscrip- 
tion thereon, engraven on a brass plate, leaving 
then a blank for his own name to be put after his 
death, but was never performed. 

[' Sir Francis Hastings was fourth brother to 
Henry carle of Huntington. I ihinke he marryed 
Maud, daughter of sir Ralph Langford, widow of 
sir Geo. Vernon. This sir Era. was chosen kni";ht 
for the county of Leicester, together with his 
brother sir George Hastings in Eliz. 28. He was 
also of diners parliaments both in Q. Eliz. and in 
king James's reigne. 

Henry earl of Huntington who dyed in anno 
1,J95. Sir Geo. Hastings his brother who dyed 
in anno l604, and sir Francis Hastings another 
brother, were all three persons of great fame and 
renown, and left many manuscripts touching the 
proceedings in church and state in queene Eliz. 
reign.' MS. Carte in bibl. Bodl. MMMM. 



■b 
155. 

Sir Francis gave a metrical description of his 
wife's virtues in her monumental inscription, of 
which I now give the fifth verse only, as the 
whole has been printed in Nichols's valuable 
History of Leicestershire, vol. iii. part 2. page 
588. 

This ladle's bed, that heare you see thus made. 

Hath to itself received her sweete guest : 
Her life is spente, which doth like flower fade, 
Freede from all storms; and here she lies at 
rest, 
Till soul and body joined are in one: 
Then farewell, grave! from hence she must 
be gone.] 

NATHANIEL POWNOLL, a Kentish man 
born, (in, or near, Canterbury,) was entred a bat- 
ler of Broadgate's-hall in Michaelmas-term, an. 
1599, aged 15, and two years after was made a 
student 'of Ch. Ch. where being an indefatigable 
plodder at his book, and ruiming through, with 
wonderful diligence, all the forms of philosophy, 
took the degree of M. of arts, an. \607. His life, 
as it deserved well of ail, so it was covetous of no 
man's commendation, himself being as far from 
pride, as his desert was near it. He lived con- 
stantly in the university ten years, in which time 
he learned eight languages, watched often, daily 



85 



FERNE. 



HILL. 



80 



exercised, always studied, insomuch that he made 
an end of himself in an over-fervent desire to 
benefit others. And tho' he had, out of himself, 
sweat all his oil for his lamp, and had laid the sun 
a-bed by his labours, yet he never durst adven- 
ture to do that, after all these studies done and 
ended, which our young novices, doing nothing, 
count nothing to do; but still thought nimself as 
unfit, as he knew all men were unworthy of so 
high an honour, as to be the angels of Gocl. And 
since in him so great examples of piety, know- 
ledge, industry, and unaffected modesty have 
been long since fallen asleep, there is no other 
way left, but to commend the titles of his monu- 
ments to posterity, which arc these, 

The young Divine's Jpologiffor his Continuance 
in the tluiversity. 

Meditations on the Sacred Calling of the Mini- 

Comment or Meditation on the first seven Peni- 
tential Psalms of David. 

His Daily Sacrifice. — All which were printed 
at Cambridge, an. I6l2, [Bodl. 8vo. A. 28. Th. 
BS.] and the two first at Oxon. 1658. oct. He 
died in the prime of his years, to the great grief 
of those who well knew his piety and admirable 
parts, about the year sixteen hundred and ten, 
but where buried, unless in the chan. of Ch. Ch. 
I know not. One Nathaniel Pownoll of the city 
of Bristol gent, registrary of the diocese of Bristol, 
died 28 March l6l 1, and was buried in the chan- 
cel of Little S. Austin's church there, but of what 
kin he was to the former, 1 know not. 

[Wood has copied his character of Pownoll 
from the address to the reader prefixed to the 
treatises printed at Cambridge. This address is 
eigned G. F. Among Selden's books in the Bod- 
leian is a sumptuous copy of Pownoll's works, 
(probably a present from the editor) with the fol- 
lowing Sis. Epitaphium. 

Flos juvcnum, decus Oxonii, spes summa pa- 
rentum, 
Te tegit ante diem (m.atre parante) lapis. 
Hoc satis est cineri : reliqua immortalia coelo, 
Condit amorque hominum, condit amorque 
Dei.] 



[365] 



"JOHN FERNE, son of Will. Feme of 
" Temple-Belwood in the isle of Axholme in 
" Lincolnshire, esq; by Ann his wife, daughter 
" and heir of John Sheffield of Beltoft, brother of 
" sir Rob. Sheffield of Buttcrwick in the same 
"county, knight, was sent to Oxon at about 17 
" years of age, and placed, as I conceive, either 
" in S. Mary's-hall, or in Univ. coll. but leaving 
" the university without a degree, he went to 
" the Inner Temple, studied for some time the 
" municipal law, and in the year 1578 did mostly 
" write, 

" The Blazon of Gentry, divided into Two 
"Parts. The first named the Glory of Genero- 



" sity, the lecond Lacy'n Nobilili/, (or the Nobilitj 
" of the Laryes earls of Lincoln) Compreheiitiing 
" the Disoouries of .Irms and Gentry, Ulc. L^mS. 
" loWi. qu. [Bodl. 4t<). M. 50. Art.] dedicated to 
" Edniond Sheflii-ld, afterwards earl of Mulgrave. 
" In the beginning of the reign of K. Jaincii I. 
" he received the iionour of knightho^xl, beina 
" about that time secretary, and keeper of hi» 
". majesty's signet, of the council establish'd at 
" York for the North parts of England. He died 
" as I conceive about sixteen hundred and ten, 
" leaving then several sons behind him, of whom 
" Henry was one, and the youngest, afterwards 
" bishop of Chester, as I shall tell you under the 
"year l66l." 

NICHOLAS HILL, a native of the city of 
London, was educated in grammaticals in Mer- 
chant-Taylors school, in acaxjemicals in St. John's 
coll. of which he became scholar in 1587, and in 
that of his age 17. In 1592 he took a degree in 
arts, being then fellow of that house, left it be- 
fore he proceeded in that faculty, and applying 
himself to the study of the Lullian doctrine, be- 
came most eminent in it. About that time he 
was a great favourite of Edward the poetical and 
prodigal earl of Oxford, spent some time with 
him, while he consumed his estate beyond the 
sea and at home. After that count's death, or 
rather before, he was taken into the retinue of 
that most noble and generous person Henry earl 
of Northumberland, with whom lie continued for 
some time in great esteem. At length being 
suspected to comply with certain traytors against 
K.James I. fled beyond the seas an^ there died. 
He hath written a book entit. 

Philosophia Epicurea, Democritiana, Theo- 
phrastica, proposita simpliciter, nan edocta. Par. 
1601. Col. Allobr. 16 IQ. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. C. 86. 
Art.] &c. Dedicated to his little son Laurence 
Hill. With the hist edit, and perhaps with others, 
is printed, Angeli Politiani Preclectio, ciii tit. 
Panepistemon. He left behind him in the hands 
of his widow, various matters under his omti 
hand-writing, but nothing that I can learn, fit for 
the press. Among them are imperfect papers 
' concerning the eternity, infinity, &c. of the 
world,' and others ' of the essence of God, 8ic.' 
Some of which coming into the hands of William 
Backhouse of Swallowfield in Berks, esq; from 
the widow of the said Nich. Hill, living behind 
Bow church in London, about 1636, various co- 
pies were taken of them, and Edm. earl of Mul- 
grave about Uiat time having a copy, another 
was taken thence by one Dr. Job. Everard,' part 
of which I have seen under another hantl. This 
is all, of truth, that I know of Nich. Hill, only 

' [Oralio Ilalila Roma a Rolrrlo Tumerou Deconio ad 
rfverendum P. F.verardum, prcrfectum sodrtatit Jcsu, mm 
Anglicani cnllrgii curam susciptrct. Vide Roberti Turoeri 
Panegyr. Sic. 8»o. 1599. Kenjtet.] 
G 2 



lOia, 



87 



GAGER. 



88 



that his name is mentioned by ' Ben. JoJinson 
thus: 



Those atomi ridiculous, 



[366] 



1610. 



Whereof old Democrite, and Hill Nioholis, 
One said, the other swore, the world consists. 
There are several traditions going from man to 
man concerning this Mcii. Hill, one of which is 
this, that wliile he was secretary to the earl of 
Oxford before-mentioned, he, among other ac- 
compts, brought in this to him. Item for makins 
a Man 10/. — — 0. Which, he being required 
to explain by the count, he said he had meerly 
out of charity given that sum to a poor man, who 
had several times told him, that ten pounds would 
make him axnan. Another is this, which I had 
from Dr. Joseph Ma) iiard, sometimes rector of 
Exeter coll. (younger brother to sir Joh. Maynard 
Serjeant at law,) who had it from Mr. Rob. ilues, 
author of the book De Glohis, (an intimate ac- 
quaintance of Hill,) while he continued in Oxon 
in his last days, that is to say, * That he was one 
of those learned men who lived with the earl of 
Northumberland, that he fell into a conspiracy 
with one Basset " of Umberly in Devonshire, 
" descended from Arthur Plantagonet, viscount 
" Lisle, a natural son of K. Edward IV." who 

1)retenclcd some right to the crown. Upon which 
le was forced to fly into Holland, where he set- 
tled at Roterdam, with his son Laurence, and 
practised physic. At length his said son dying 
there of the plague, did so much afflict him, that 
he went into an apothecary's shop, swallowed 
poison, and died in the place, &.c. wliich by seve- 
ral is supposed to be about sixteen hundred and 
ten. But leaving these reports to such that de- 
light in them, antl are apt to snap at any thing to 
please themselves, I shall only say that our au- 
thor Hill was a person of good parts, but humor- 
ous, that he had a peculiar and affected way, 
different from others, in his writings, that he en- 
tertain'd fantastical notions in philosophy, and 
that [as] he had lived most of his time in theRomish 
persuasion, so he died, but cannot be convinced 
that he should die the death of a fool or mad- 
man. 

WILLIAM GAGER was elected a student of 
Ch. Church from Westminster school in 1574, 
took the degrees in arts, and afterwards entring 
on the law line, took the degrees in that faculty 
also, in 1589. About which time, being famed 
for his excellencies therein, became chancellor of 
the diocese of Ely, and much respected by the 
bishop thereof Dr. Martin Heton. He was an 
excellent poet, (especially in the Lat. tongue, as 
several copies of verses, printed occasionally in 
various books, shew,) and reputed the best come- 
dian 9 of his time, whether it was Edward earl of 
Oxford, Will. Rowley the once ornament for wit 

* In his 'Epigrams, numb. 134. 
» \T\a.\.\i Dramatic Poet:\ 



and ingenuity of Pembroke-hall in Cambridge, 
Rich. Edwards, Joh. Lyiie, Tho. Lodge, Geor. 
Gascoignc, Will. Shakespear, Tho. Nash, or Joh. 
Heywood.' He was also a man of great gifts, a 
good scholar, and an honest person, and (as it 
should seem by Dr. Joh. Rainolds's several an- 
swers and replies to what this doctor hath writ- 
ten,) hath said more for the defence of plays than 
can be well said again b}' any man that should 
succeed or come after iiim. The cause for the 
defence of plays was very wittily and scholar-like 
U)aintained between the said two doctors for some 
time, but upon the rejoynder of Rainolds, Gager 
did let go his hold, and in a Christian modesty 
and humility yielded to the truth, and quite al- 
tered his judgment. He hath written several 
plays, among whieh are, 

Uh/sses remix. 

Rtva/es. Both which were several times acted 
in the large refectory of Ch. Ch. but whether 
ever printed, I cannot 3^et tell. The last was 
acted before Albert Alaskie, prinfce of Sirad, a 
most learned Polonian, in June 1583, in which 
year he purposely came into England, to do his 
devotions to, and admire the wisdom of, queen 
Elizabeth. After he had beheld and heard the 
play with great delight in the said refectory, 
he gave many thanks in his own person to the 
author. 

Maleager, Trag. Written also in Latin, as the 
two former were, and acted publicly in Ch. Ch. 
hall, an. 1581. or thereabouts, before the earl of 
Pembroke, Rob. earl of Leicester, ehanc. of the 
univ. of Ox. sir Ph. Sidney, and many other 
considerable persons. This tragedy giving great 
delight, was shortly .after acted there again, and 
at length in 1592, 'twas printed at Oxon in oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. R. 22. Art. Seld. i to the great con- 
tent of scholars. A copy of the said tragedy, 
with two letters, being sent by the author to Jo. 
Rainolds, (in which letters, as 1 conceive, were 
many things said in defence of theatre sights, 
stage-plays, &.c.) the said doctor drew up an an- 
swer, dated at Queen's coll. 10 Jul. 1592. ^^'here- 
upon our author Gager making a reply, " dated 
" at Christ church the last of July 1592," with a 
desire to Rainolds to forbear any farther writing 
against him, yet Rainolds came out with a re- 
joinder in July 1593. As for Gager's letters and 
replv, I think thev were not printed, ^ 
" but among ray searches, 1 nave seen „y scarcUcs I 
" a copy of them in MS. containing could never see 
" six sheets in folio in the hands of acopyofikem. 
" Mr. Will. Smith, fellow of univer- Fi'stEdit. 
" sity coll." ^ The answ er of Rainolds w ith his 
rejoinder, I am sure were printed under the title 
of, The Overthrow of Stage-Plays, &c. [Bodl. 4to. 

' [This odd jumVilc of names is borrowed from the ' Com- 
parative discourse of our En:;lish Poets,' &c. in 2'Ae Sewnd 
Part of Wits Common Wealth, 1598.] 

» [Bibl. Coll. Univ. MS. J. 18 ] 



[367] 



89 



HEALE. 



SCORY. 



GENTILIS. 



90 



Clar. 
1010. 



Clar. 
ItlO. 



K. 14. Til. Sekl.] This is all that I know of our 
author Ua^or, only that lie was livini; in, or near 
to, the city ol' Ely, in sixteen hundred and ten, 
and tliat he wrote the Latin Epistle [to the earl 
of" Leicester, then chancellor of the university,] 
before the book of verses made by the university 
of Oxon. entit. Exet/uia; D. PfiHippi Sidnai. 
Oxon. 1587. qu. [Bodl. 4to. H. 17. Art.] In 
which book also he hath copies of verses on the 
death of that famous knight; who, while he was 
in being, bad a very great respect for tlie learning 
and virtues of Gager; of whom you may see 
more in Job. llainoids, under the year lf)07, and 
in Will. Heale, who next follows. In l6l5, was 
published a book at London in qu. entit. A liefti- 
tatiori of the Ajwlogtffor /Icfors, [Bodl. 4to. H. 18. 
Art.] but by whoni written I know not, for only 
the two letters J. G. arc set to it. 

[It is probable that all Gager's dramas were 
printed, though Wood has only registered one of 
them. In the library of Francis Douce, esq. is 
Vlisses Redux, Tragadia Nova. In sEdo Christi 
Oxonite pub/ice Jcademicis recitata, octavo Idas 
Februarii, IH)'- Printed at Oxon, 1592, and 
dedicated to lord Buckhurst. 

Gager wrote Latin verses on almost every public 
occasion during his residence in the university. 
Besides those on the death of sir Phili]) Sidney, 
of which he has the greatest share, and would ap- 
pear to have been the editor, others in particular, 
will be found in the Oxford collections on the 
decease of sir Henry Unton, in 1596, and on that 
of queen Elizabeth, in l603. See a curious vo- 
lume of these funeral tributes, Bodl. 4to. H. 17. 
Art.] 

WILLIAM HEALE, a zealous maintainer of 
the honour of the female sex, was a Devoiiian 
bom, being originally descended from an ancient 
and genteel family of bis name, living at South- 
Heale in the same county, became a sojourner of 
Exeter coll. in 1599, aged 18, took tlie degrees in 
arts, and became chaplain-fellow of that house, 
wherein he wrote and compiled. 

An Apologu for Women: Or, an Opposition to 
Mr. Doctor G. (Gager) his Assertion, who held in 
the Act at Oxford, lfi08, That it teas latcfid for 
Husbands to'beat their Wives. Oxon. 1609. ciu. 
[Bodl. 4to. R. 17- Th.] What preferment lie 
afterwards bad in the church, or w hether he wrote 
any thing else, I find not. He was always esteemed 
an ingenious man, but weak, as being too much 
devoted to the female sex. 

" EDMUND SCORY, son of Silvan Scory, 
" esq; and grandson to Job. Scory, bishop of 
" Hereford, was born in Herefordshire, and edu- 
" cated in Bal. coll. left it without a degree, tra- 
" veiled, and was patronized by William viscount 
" Cranbourne, afterwards carl of Salisbury, to 
" whom he dedicated a book by him written, 
•" entit. 



" A Extract out of the Uinlory of the lait French 
" King Hen. 4. according to an uiilhrntic ('opy 
" written in his Life-time. To tchich it added, 
" his Murder tdth a Knife in hi» Coach at Pari*, 
" 14 A/oy 16I0. styl. Horn. &c. Lond. I6l0. qu. 
" A\'hat other things he hath written, 1 cannot 
" tell, unless various Lat. copies of verse* di»- 
" nerscd in several books near his end, l)ecaa9e 
" tie had no fixed place of residence, but spent 
" his time in hanging on gent, and noble- 
" men." 

ALBERICUS GENTILIS, the most noted 
and famous civilian, and the grand ornament of 
the university in his time, brother to the eminent 
writer Scipio Gcntilis, and botli the sons of 
Matthew Gentilis doctor of physic, by Lucretia 
his wife, was bom at La Chastell St. Genes in a 
province of Italy called La Marca d'Ancona, 
educated mostly in the university of Perugia, 
where being made doctor of the civil law, in 1572, 
aged twenty one, soon after left his country for 
religion sake, with his father and younger brother 
Scipio before-mentioned. The father and Scipio 
settled in Germany, but Albericus going into 
England found relief from several persons in 
London, and, by recommendations, obtained the 
patronage of Robert Dudley, carl of Leicester, 
chancellor of the university of Oxon. But out" 
learned author being desirous to lead an acade- 
mical life, he procured the chancellor's letters for 
that purpose, dated 24 Nov. 1580, wherein it ap- 
pears, that ' he left his country for religion sake, 
and that his desire was to bestow some time in 
reading and other exercises of his profession in 
the university,' &c. Soon after the date of the 
said letters, he journey'd to Oxon, and by the fa- 
vour of Dr. Dan. Donne, principal of New-Inn, 
and his successor Mr. Price, he had a convenient 
chamber allowed to him in thesaid inn, and notonly 
moneys given towards his maintenance by several 
societies, but soon after 6/. 13*. 4d. per an. from 
the common chest of the university. In the lat- 
ter etid of 1580, he was incorporated doctor of the 
civil law of this university, as he had stood before 
in that of Perugia; and after he had continued 
some years in the said inn, where he wrote certain 
books, and laid the foundation of others (of w hich 
the students thereof have gloried in my hearing) 
he receded either to C. C. or to Ch. Ch. and be- 
came the flower of the university for his profes- 
sion. In 1587, the queen gave' him the lecture 
of the civil law for his farther encouragement, 
which he executed for about 24 years with great 
applause. As for the books by him published, 
which speak him most lesirned beyond the seas, 
were all written in the university of Oxon ; the 
titles of which are these, 

De luris Interprctibus Dialog! sex. Lond. 1582. 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. C. 4. Jur.] Dedicated to Rob. 

» Vide Hisl. & Anliq. Univ. Oxon. lib. 2. p. 40. 



[368] 



/i t 



91 



GENTILIS. 



92 



E. of Leicester, being the author's first fruits of 
liis lucubrations. 

Lectioiium Sf Epistolarum qua ad Jus Civile 
peitiiieiit. Lib. 1. Loud. 1583. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
G. 23. Jur. Seld.] 

De LegatioHibusLib.3. Lond. 1585. qu. [Bodl. 
4to. G. "y. Jur.] Hannov. 1607. oct. [Bodl. 
8vo. G. 14.Jur.] 

Legalium Comitiorum Oxoniensium Actio. Lond. 

1585. oct. 

De nascendi Tempore Disputatio. Witeberg. 

1586. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. G. 10. Jur.] 

De diversis Temporum Jppellationibus Liber. 
Witeberg. 1586. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. M. 25. Jur. 
Seld.] 

Conditionum Lib. unm. Lond. 1587. oct. [Bodl. 
8vo. G. 10. Jur. Seld.] 

De Jure Belli Comrnentatio prima. Lugd. Bat. 
1588. qu. &c. 

De Jure Belli Com. sec. Lond. 1588. qu. &c. 

De Jure Belli Com. ter. Lond. 1589- qu. &c. 
[The three were collected and printed together 
at Han. 1598, Bodl. 8vo. G. 6. Jur. Seld. and 
again in l6l2. Bodl. 8vo. G. I9. Jur.] 

De Injustitid Bellied Romanorum Actio. Ox. 
1590. qu. before which is an epistle dedic. to Rob. 
earl of Essex, wherein the author saith, that he 
had then lying by him fit for the press, Defensio 
Romanorum, 6; Disputatio de ipsorum Justitia Bel- 
lica. But whether afterwards printed I cannot 
tell. 

De Armis Romanis, Lihri duo. Hannov. 1599' 
oct. &c. [Bodl. 8vo. G. 10. Jur.] 

Disputationes duee. 1. De Actoribus If Spec- 
tatorihus Fabularum non notandis. 2. De Abusu 
Mendacii. Hannov. 1399. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. G. 
12. Jur. Seld.] &c. 

Duce Literce ad Joh. Rainoldum de Ludis Sce- 
nicis. Middleb. 1599- Ox. I629. qu. They are 
at the end of a book called, The Overthrow of 
Stage-Plays. [Bodl. 4to. R. 14. Th. Seld.] See 
more in Jo. Rainolds and Will. Gager. 

Ad primum Maccabteorum Disputatio. Franc. 

1600. qu. [Bodl. 4to. D. 3. Th. Seld.] It follows 
the notes of Joh. Drusius made on the said 
book. 

De Liiiguarum Mixturd, Disputatio Parergica. 
This disputation, with the other immediately go- 
ing before, are remitted into the fifth vol. of 
Criticks, p. 1073, 8093. [Bodl. BS. 203.] 

Disputatiomtm de Nuptiis Libri vii. Hannov. 

1601. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. G. 1. Jur. Seld. and again 
in 1614. Bodl. 8vo. G. 35. Jur.] 

Lectionis VirgHiana^ varia. Liber. Hannov. 
1603. [Bodl. 8vo. G. 19- Art. Seld.] Written to 
Rob. Gentilis his son. 

Ad Tit. Cod. de Malejicis 4" Math, de ceteris 
similibus Comment arius. Hannov. 1604. [Bodl. 
8vo. G. 10. Jur.] 

Item Argumenti ejusd. Comrnentatio ad Lib. 3. 
Cod. de Professoribus 8f Medicis, Han. 1604. 
[Bodl. Bvo. G. 10. Jur.] 



Laudes Academice Perusiana 6( Oxoniensis. 
Hannov. 1605. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. G. 7. Jur. Seld.] 
Dedicated to J)r. Ralph Hutchinson president of 
S. John's coll. bj' Rob. Gentilis his son, then a 
student in that house. 

Disputationes tres. 1 . De Libris Juris Cano- 
iiici. 2. De Libris Juris Civilis. 3. De Latinitate 
veteris Bibliorum Jersionis maU accusatd. Han- 
nov. 1605. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 9- Art. BS.] 

Disp. 3. 1. De Potestate Regis absolutd. 2. De 
Unione Regnorum Britannice.* 3. De Vi Civium 
in Regem semper injustd. Lond. 1605. qu. [Bodl. 
4to. G. 9- Jur.] 

In Titulos Codicis, Si quis Imperatori male- 
dixerit, ad Legem Juliam Majestatis, Disputationet 
decern. Hannov. I607. [Bodl. 8vo. G. 16. Jur.] 

Epistola ad Joh. Howsonum S. T. P. In which 
epistle our author doth learnedly interpose liis 
judgment concerning Dr. Pye's book of divorce. 
I'rinted at the end of Dr. Burhill's book entit. 
In Controversiarum, &c. an. I6O6. qu. [Bodl. A. 
7- 9. Line.] See more in Tho. Pye, an. I6O9, and 
in Rob. Burhill, an. 1641. The reader is to note, 
that besides the answers of Pye and Gentilis, 
one Joh. Dove^ did prepare a third answer, but 
whether it was ever printed, I cannot tell. 

Hispanic^ Advocationis Libri 2. Hannov. 16 1 3. 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. G. 9- Jur.] 

Comm. in Tit. Digestorum Sf Verborum Signiji- [369] 
catione. Hannov. l6l4. qu. [Bodl. 4to. G. 10. 
Jur. Seld.] 

Discourse of Marriages by proxy. Written to 
Egerton L. chancellor of England. These are all, 
and enough too, that I have seen written by this 
eminent doctor Gentilis, and whether any title is 
omitted, I cannot justly say. He concluded his 
last day in the beginning of the year (either in the 
latter end of March, or beginning of Apr.) in six- jgjj 
teen hundred and eleven, but where buried, unless 
in the cathedral of Ch. Ch. in Oxon, is yet uncer- 
tain. " Geo. Matth. Konigius in Biblioth. Pet. 
" S; Nova saith that Alb. Gentilis died at London 
" June 19, I6OB, and was buried near his father 
" Matthew Gentilis, Carniolap, Ducatus Archiater." 
I have seen a copj' of his * will, written in Italian, 
date 14 June I6O8, wherein he desires his body 
to be buried in the place, and in such manner, as 
his father's was, as deep and as near to him as 
may be, &c. Where his father Matth. Gentilis 
died, or was buried, it doth not yet appear to me. 
Sure it is, if the information of Sir Giles Sweit, 
LL. D. who well remembred Alb. Gentilis, be 
right, it is evident, that he the said Alb. Gentilis 
died in Oxon. He left behind him a widow, 
named Hester, who afterwards lived at Rickmans- 
worth in Hertfordshire, where she died in 1648, 
(ult. Car. L) and two sons Robert and Matthew, 

♦ [A MS. copy of Chese two Disputations among the 
royal MSS. in the British Museum, 1 1 A iv.] 

5 [iflll. ult. Martis, D. .loh'es Dove cap. ad. vie. de 
Wcslhiih per resign. De .Toh'is Hedde ult. incumb. Ad pres. 
Will'i Warham archid'i Cant. Regist. IVurham. Kennet.] 

' In offic. praerog. in Reg. Cope, part 2. qu. 12. 



93 



MULCASTER. 



94 



the first of which, being afterwards a translator of 
books, 1 sliall elsewhere remember. 

[Alherici GeHtilia ./. C. ProJ'essoris regit ad pri- 
tnum Macbcronim Dispittatio, ad illuslrem el reve- 
reiid/ss. D. Tohiam Matthteum Episcopum Dunel- 
mensem Fniiick. I GOO, 4to. 

Tobiu doetissime et reverendissime, debentur 
certe eu tibi, ct alia a me pliiria (|uaB suo tempore 
consequentur. Dcbeo me tibi pliiriinum at(|ue 
phirimum qui per favorem tiium t'uiidamenta ha;c 
quantulajcunquc eruditionis poiiere potui non pe- 
nitus ineelebns et illaudataj. Tua humanitas siii- 
gularis, tua per omne genus oftieiorum liberalitas, 
tua amicitia nobilissima fovit peregrinum me, et 
in Anglia novum ; protcxit iiifirnium ; erexit et 
animavit afflictum exulem ; fecit in ca studia litte- 
rarum incumbere, quas fernie abjeceram, et deplo- 
raram ; in hunc me propemodum erexit splendi- 
dissimi locum anlccessoris, quern licet potuissem 
desidcrare, spcrare non potuissem. Salve, Mat- 
thajc illustris, salve : et ha;c a Gentili cape tuo, 
6 et prBEsidium et dulce decus meum. 

1587. Elizabeth &c. to all &,c. Know ye that 
we of our speciall grace, certain knowledge and 
meer motion, do give and graunt unto Abericus 
Gentilis doctor of lawe the office or room of read- 
ing of our civil lecture in our univ. of Oxford, 
together with one yearly fee of fourty poundcs 
during his life. Witness ourself, 8th of June, reg. 
29. 1587. Kennet. 

Sec an Italian Letter by Alberic Gentilis, and 
another from Benedetto Spinola, in Mr. Baker's 
MS. Collections, Vol. VIIl. Numb. 10. now in 
the British museum at London (MS. Harl. 7035, 
217.) Cole. 

He wrote also lines in Italian, prefixed to FIo- 
rio's World of Words, Lond. 1611, folio. (Bodl. 
F. 2. 26. Art. Seld.) and the following in the 
Funebria Ilenrici Untoni, Oxon. 1596, 4to. are 
by this author, 

Scioglie Errico il mortale, e regi, e regni, 
Che facondo aggiungea, cosi discioglie } 
Opar che I'alme a piu bei nodi inuoglie, 
Susii dal cielo e plachi gl' odii indegni f 

Tronca algenti sospetti, ardcnti sdegni 
Attuta Errico : e le contrarie voglie 
Spirto celeste hor liga: e frutto accoglie 
Delle sante fatiche; e ne da segni. 

Vidi quel grande alia cui spada inchina 
Quanto regge I'Hispano, e ch' a noi fraude 
Tolse da santo nodo ? ei pace chere. 

Tu, la medesma sempre, alta regina. 
Pace a lui doni e rechi tanta laude 
Al tuo buono orator, buon cavaliere. 

Del S. Alberico Gentile D.] 

RICHARD MULCASTER, son of Will. Mul- 
caster of Carlisle in Cumberland, esq ; was born 
in tliat city, or at least in tlie county, educated 



in grammaticaLs in luiton sciiooi near Windsor, 
electe<i scholar of King's coil, in Cambridge, in 
1548, took one degree in arts there, retired iil'ter- 
wards to Oxon, where lie was elected student or 
Ch. Ch. an. 1555, and the next year Ix-ing incor- 
porated baeli. of arts here, was lieeniied to pro- 
ceed in that faculty in Dec. J 550. Which degree 
being compleateu by his standing in the Act 
celebrated 5 Jul. in the year following, he became 
eminent among the Oxonians for his nirc and pro- 
found skill in the Greek tongue. Afterward* 
spending more than four years in Oxon, in a con- 
tniual drudgery at his book, made so greut profi- 
ciency in several sorts of learning, which wu 
exceedingly advanced by his excellencies in gram- 
mar, poetry, and philology, that he wa.<k unani- 
mously chosen master of the school erected io 
London 1561, in the parish of St. Laurence 
Pountney, by the worsliipful company of the 
Merchant-Taylors of that city, in which place 
exercising his gifts in a most admirable way of 
instruction, till 1586, (28 Elizab.) in all which 
time it happily prospered under his vigilancy, St. 
John's coll. in Oxon. was supplied with such 
hopeful plants, that it soon after flourished, and 
became a fruitful nursery. In 1596 he succeeded 
one Joh. Harrison in the chief mastership of St. 
Paul's school in London, (being then prebendary 
of Yatesbury in the church of Sarum,) and soon 
after(if not haply before) had the rich parsonage 
of Stanford-Uivers in Essex bestowed on him by 
Q. Elizabeth, which he kept to his dying day. 
He hath written, 

Positions, wherein those primitive Circumstances 
be examined, which are necessaru for the training 
up of Children, either for Skill tn their Book, or 
Health in their Body. [ded. to queen Elizabeth.] 
Lond. 1581, 87. qu. 

The first part of the Elementary, which inlreat- 
eth chiefly of the true Writing of the English Tongue. 
[ded. to the earl of Leicester.] Lond. 1582. qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. M. 35. Art.] Whether there was a 
second part publish'd I know not, for 1 have not 
yet .seen such a thing. ' 

Catechismus Paulinits, in Usum Scholec Paulin/e 
conscriptits. Lond. 1599, I6OI, [Bodl. 8vo. T. 
48. Th.] &c. oct. Written in long and short 
verse. He died at Stanford-Rivers before-men- 
tioned, 15 Apr. in sixteen hundred and eleven, • i^f ^ 
(having resign'd Paul's school three years before,) 
and was buried the 26th of the same month in 
the chancel of the church there, under a stone, 
which he two years before had laid for his wife 
Katharine, on which he caused to be engraven, 
' that she was wife to Richard Mulcaster, by 

~7""ri do not find the author erer prosecuted this subject by 
printing a second part. Hcrheit, TypograpMcal AiUiquilit; 
page 1073.1 ^ 

» [Joh. Brown S. T. D. admiss. ad rect. de Stanford Riren 
com. Ess. 19 Apr. 1611. vac. per mort. Ric. Mulcaster^ 
ad pres. regis. Itegitt. Ablnt. Kekxet.] 



95 



COOK. 



BLAG RAVE. 



96 



[370] anticnt parentage and lineal descent an esquire 
born, who by the most iiunous Q. 1 Elizabeth's 
prerogative-gift was made parson of this church/ 
&x:. 

[Ric.Mulcaster, art. bac. Cant. 155.'3,4. Bakijr. 

lie was schoolmaster to bishop Andrews, who 
greatly honoured him as you may see in the said 
bishop's funeral sermon by bish. Buckeridge. 

His Positions he promised in Latin. 

He had a son, Peter. Vide Funeral Sermon. 
Sydenham. 

Richard Mulcaster was presented to the vicar- 
age of Cranbrooke in Kent, April 1, 1590, which 
he resigned the year following. 

The following couplet in commendation of his 
jnipil, Henry Dow, was upon a brass plate in Christ 
x-hurch cathedral, Oxon. 

Richardiis Mulcaster praceptor. 

Qualis in Autumno judex Acadeuiia, certe 
Nobilis in primo palmite gemma fuit. 

In the Harleian MSS. (6996) is a letter from 
Edward Heyborn to the lord keeper, in behalf of 
Richard Mulcaster, who begged his interest to 
secure to him the prebend of GatesBury in the 
diocese of Salisbury, 13 Sept. 1593: also, Richard 
Mulcaster to the lord keeper upon the subject of 
the foregoinc; letter. Ibid. Gilchrist. 

See a further account of him, as master of St. 
Paul's school, in Strype's additions to Stow's 
Survey of London. He was an excellent scholar, 
■ and highly distinguished for his philological 
attainments; these are sufficiently evident from 
his treatise on the true writing of the English 
language, a work of great learning, and contain- 
ing many admirable criticisms and judicious re- 
marks. His Latin verses, prefixed to the works 
of many of his contemporaries, are very numerous; 

?erhaps some of his best are those in The Princelj/ 
Pleasures of Kenilrcorth Castle, 1576; on Ocland's 
.Elizabetha, 1582, and in Ntenia Consolans, 1603. 
The last, which contains some English as well 
as Latin lines, I have never been able to meet 
with. 

There was a Robert Mulcaster who translated 
Fortescue's Commendation of the Politique Lawes 
of England, 12mo. 1567, and 1573.] 

JAMES COOK, who writes himself Cocus, 
received his first breath at Chale in the Isle of 
Wight, his grammatical education in Wykeham's 
school, his academical in New coll. of which he 
became perpetual fellow in 1592, being then ac- 
counted a good Latin poet, as several of his copies, 
which afterw^ards were printed, testify. In I6O8, 
he proceeded in the civil law, being about that 
time rector of Houghton in Hampshire, and in 
good esteem for his profession and excellencies 
in the Greek tongue. His works are, 

Juridica trium Quastioniim ad Majestatem per- 
tinentium Determinatio, in quaium prima Sf ultima 



Processus Judicialis contra II. Garnetum inslitutus 
ex Pure Livili Hf Canonico defenditur, &c. Oxon. 
1608. qu. [Bodl. 4to. B. 93. Th.] Dedicated to 
Bilson bishop of Winchester, to whom he was 
then chaplain. 

Poemata varia. He gave up the ghost in six- 
teen hundred and eleven, but where buried, unless 
in his ('hurch of Houghton, I know not. One 
James Cook of VVarv.ick chirurgeon, and a pre- 
tender to physic, hath published certain matters 
relating to physic and chirurgerj', in tiie reign 
of Oliver and after ; and therefore not to be taken 
for the same wilhtlie civilian. 

JOHN BLAGRAVE, the second son of John 
BlagraVe of Bulmarsh-court, near to Sunning in 
Berkshire, by Anne his wife, daughter of sir Anth. 
Hungerford of Downe-Ampney in Glocestershire 
knight, was born in Berks, educated in school- 
learning at Reading, in philosophical among the 
Oxonians, particularly, as it seems, in St. John's 
coll. about the time of its first foundation. But 
leaving Oxon without the honour of a degree, 
retired to his patrimony, which was at Southcote 
Lodge in the parish of S. Mary at Reading, and 
prosecuted with great zeal his mathematical 
genie to so considerable an height, that he was 
esteemed the flower of mathematicians of his age. 
He hath written and published these books fol- 
lowing, 

A Mathematical Jezcel, skewing the Making and 
most excellent Use of an Instrument so called ; the 
Use of which. Jewel, is so al>oundant,that it leadeth 
the direct Pathwath through the whole Jrt of 
Astronomy, Cosmography, Geography, &.c. Lond. 
1585, fol. 

[ Bacnlum Familliari, Catholicon sive generale :] 
Of the Making and Use of the Familiar Staff so 
called, as welt for that it may be made usually and 
familiarly to walk with, as for that it performeth 
the Geometrical Mensurations of all Altitudes, 
&c.' Lond. 1590. qu. [and again 4to. without 
date.] 

Astrolabium Uranicum generale. A necessary 
^md pleasant Solace and Recreation for Navigators 
in their long journeying, containing the Use of an 
Instrument or general Astialabe, &c. compiled 
1596. Printed in qu. [by Thomas Parfoot for 
Will. Matts. Bodl. 4to."A. 4. Art. BS.] 

The Art of Dyalling in tteo Farts. The first 
shezeing plainly, &ic. Lond. 1609. qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
A, 4. Art. B.S.] with other things as 'tis probable 
which I have not yet seen. This worthy mathe- 
matician, who had a most generous love for his 
kindred, gave way to fate in sixteen hundred and 
eleven, and was buried in the church of S. Lau- 
rence within the antient borough of Reading. 
Soon after was a fair monument erected in 
the wall (with his bust to the middle) over 
against the desk there, Avhere his mother was 
before buried. His epitaph which is engra- 
ven under his said bust or proportion runs thus : 



1611. 



i6u. 



I 



97 



BLAG RAVE. 



FORMAN. 



I 



[37 IJ 



' Johannes Blagravius totus mathcmaticu.s, cum 
matre sepiiltus : Obiit9 Aug. Ifill. 

Here lies his corps, which living had a spirit, 
" Wherein much worthy knowledge did inherit. 
By which, with zeal, one God he did adore, 
Left for maid-servants, and to feed the poor ; 
[His virtuous motlier came of worthy race, 
A Hungerford,9 and buried near this place. 
When God sent death their lives away to call, 
They liv'd bclov'd, and died bewail'd by all.'] 
From one of the brethren of this mathematician, 
was descended Daniel Blagrave a counsellor at 
law, who running with the rout in the beginning 
of the rebellion, was chosen a burgess for Read- 
ing, to serve as a recruiter in the parliament, be- 
gan at Westminster 3 Nov. 1(540. About the 
same time he was made steward of Reading, 
and treasurer of Berks, and had given to him the 
exegenter's office of the Common-Pleas, then 
esteemed worth 500/. per an. Afterwards he was 
one of the judges of K. Ch. L bought the king's 
fee-farm of the great manor of Sunning 'l)efore- 
mentioned, and other estates at very easy rates, 
was master extraordinary in Chancery, a constant 
rumper, and a great persecutor of the ministers 
in and near Reading, especially when an act 
of parliament issued out for the ejection of such, 
whom they then (1654) called ' scandalous, igno- 
rant, and insufficient ministers and schoolmas- 
ters.' At length, upon the approach of his ma- 
jesty's restauration, in 1659-60, he fled from jus- 
tice, retired to Aeon in Germany, where living 
some years under a disguised name, died in an 
obscure condition, an. 1668, and was buried in 
a certain piece of ground, somewhat distant from 
that city, appointed to receive the bodies of such, 
whom they there call, heretics. 

[I cannot find by any evidence that Blagrave 
was ever a member of" St. John's, although it is 
very probable he might enter that society as a 
commoner, whilst some of his relations were fel- 
lows. A George Blagrave was admitted fellow, 
as of kin to the founder, in 1594; in U)03 Wil- 
liam Blagrave was elected, as was another of both 
his names the following year. 

In a copy of Blagrave's Mathematical Jewel, 
1585, in the Ashmole museum, (G. 7.) is the fol- 
lowing MS. account of the family. 

' Here stands Mr. Gray master of this house 
And his poore catt, playing w"' a mouse. 
John Blagraue mariyed this Graye's widdowe, 
(she was a Hungerford,) this Joiin was symple; 
had yssue by this widdowe : 

1. Anthony, who marryed Jane Borlass. 

2. John, the author of this booke. 

3. Alexander, the excellent chess player in 
England. 

Anthony had sir John Blagraue kt. who caused 
his teeth to be all diawne out, and after had a sett 
of ivory teeth sett in agaync.' 

s TThe daughter of s r Anthony Hungerford, knight.j 
TOL. 11. 



veriM 



Prefixed to this work are two copies of _ 
by Blagrave. 1 . The Authour in hi% ottne Defentt. 
2. The Authour t Dumpe. In the former of these 
he seems to deny haviug liad the advantage of an 
university edm'ntion. 

Though that my name be nut among the learn- 
ed rold* , 
Let not tltat bee a blot, 'ere that my ule be told. 
Yet Zoylus sccuie* to say, why, what .' and 

whence is he ? 
A childe but yesterday, and now to scale the 

skie ? 
Where gathered he his skill i what tutor tol'Je 

him in f 
The vniuersities denie, that 'ere he dwelt there- 
in. 
And London laughcs tothiukc,shc scarce doiU 

knowe his face ; 
How commes he then to linke with Vranc'* 

worthy grace ? 
My aunswearc shall bee short— my paiue ibis 

peece hath pcnd : 
God lent it to ray lot, and hee shall mee d«l 

fcnde. 
In the dedication to lord Burleigh, and again 
in his address to the reader, he complains bitterly 
of some attempts by ' a famous lewde pettifogge? 
to dispossess his family and himself of their pos- 
sessions, by stealing their evidences, and endea- 
vouring ' to entitle the queen thereto as con- 
cealed lands.' The attempt was however frus- 
trated, after seven years litigation, and the Bla- 
grave family retained their estates, which our 
author declares had cost his ancestors three 
thousand pounds, forty ye^rs preceding the 
action.] 

« SIMON FORMAN, son of William, son of 
" Richard, son of sir Tho. Forman of Leeds, son 
" of another sir Thomas of Furnivalc, was born 
" at Quidhampton near ^\'ilton in Wiltshire, on 
"the 30 Dec. 6 Ed. 6. Dom. 1552, troubled 
" much with strong dreams and visions in his 
" sleep when at six years of age and after. At 
" eight he was sent to school to learn English 
" under one Will. Riddout, alisus Ridear, origi- 
" nally a coblor, but wiicn Q. Elizabeth came 
" to tiic crown he was made a minister and had a 
" cure in Saiisburv; but when the plague raged 
" in that city, an. i5(J0,hc left Salisbury and went 
" and dwelt at the priory of S. Giles, near to the 
" habitation of Simon's father. Of him, I say, 
" did Simon learn English, and afterwards some- 
<' thing of the accidence, and then being taken 
" awav, because Riddout could teach him no 
" higher, he was sent to the ^'c-school in the 
" close at Salisbury with one Dr^.John Boole or 
" Bowie, a severe and furious man, and conti- 
" nued with him two years. Then he went to 
" one of the prebends called Minteme, who bc- 
•' in -^ a covetous person would remove his w«k( 



U 



k 



99 



rORMAN. 



100 



" from one place to another in his house, and so 
" gaining lieat would save fire, and this course he 
" would make Simon take to gain heat also. In 
" 156;3, about the time of Christmas, Simon's 
" father died, and his mother not caring for him, 
" she would make him keep sheep, plow, and 
•* pick up sticks. When he was 14 years of age, 
" ne put himself an apprentice to a trader in Sa- 
" lisbury, who followed several occupations, sold 
" grocery- wares, apothecaries druggs, &c. whcre- 
" by Simon learned the knowledge of the last, 
" and his master finding him caicful, did often- 
" times commit to him the charge of the shop. 
" While he was in this condition, and had one or 
" more apprentices under him, he gave himself 
" much to reading, but was chid for so doing by 
" bis master, who took away his books. At that 
" time one Hen. Gird, a kersey-man's son of Cre- 
" diton in Uevonshire, boartfed with his master, 
" and went to school in Salisbury, and Simon 
" being bedfellow with him, he learnt all at night 
" which Henry had learnt at school in the day- 
*' time, by which Simon kept what he had got, 
" yet gain'd but little. At that time one A. Y. a 
" daughter of a sufficient neighbour, was exceed- 
** ingly enamour'd with him, but Simon being 
" bookish and minding his business, did not love 
" her so well as she did Simon. Afterwards upon 
" some falling out between him and his mistress, 
" or dame, he with his master's leave relinquish'd 
" bis trade, and at 17 years ol<l and an half he 
" retook himself to his book, and for 8 weeks 
" space he followed it with great sedulity at the 
" free-school ; but then again his iil-natur'd and 
" clownish mother denying him maintenance, he 
" was put to his shifts, and at 18 years of age he 
" became a school-master at the priory of S. 
" Giles, where he first of all learn'd English, and 
" there teaching 30 boys for half a year, got forty 
" shillings in his purse. On the 10th of May 
" 1573, he and an old school-fellow of his called 
" Tho. Ridear confederated together, and both 
" went on foot to Oxon, where they became poor 
" scholars, Thomas in Corp. Ch. coll. and Simon 
" in Magd. coll. and there in the free-school 
"joining to the common-gate, Simon improv'd 
" himself much in learning. Now it must be 
" known that two bachelors of arts were the chief 
" benefactors that maintain'd Simon, one of them 
** was a Salisbury man born called John Thorn- 
" borough, a demy of Magd. coll. and the other 
" was his kinsman called llob. Puikney, a com- 
" moner of S. Mary's-hall, and a Wiltshire man 
[372] " horn. These two loved Simon well, but being 
" given much to pleasure, they would make him 
" go to the keeper of the forest of Shotover for 
" bis hounds to go on hunting from morning to 
** night. They never studied (as Simon saith) 
*' nor gave themselves to their books, but spent 
** their time in the fencing-schools, dancing- 
" schools, in stealing deer and conies, in hunting 



the hare, and wooing girls. They went often 
to the house of Dr. Giles Jiawrence at Cowley 
near Oxon, to see his two fair daughters Eliza- 
beth and Martha, the first of which Thornbo- 
rough woed, the other Pinkney, who at length 
married iicr, but Thornborough deceived the 
other. This was their ordinary haunt, and 
thither did Simon go almost every day early 
and late with bottle and bag, to the great loss 
of his time. Rut he being weary of this em- 
' ploynient, he left Magd. coll. at two years 
' standing, at which time being 20 years of age 
' he became a school-master, and began to study 
' astronomy-, physic, magic and philosoph3',where- 
' in he much profited, as also in chirurgery and 
' other arts. Rut these his studies, especially ■ 
* astronomy and magic, being but little used in 
' those days, he suffered much trouble, and for 
' practising physic withall, he lost all his books 
' and goods three times. He travelled much 
' into the Eastern countries to seek after know- 
' ledge, and was often at sea; and in his return 
' from the Portugal voyage, an. 1589, he settled 
' in London about Michaelmas, and dwelt in a 
' stone house in Philpot-lanc about 14 jears, and 
' had much trouble with the doctors of physic, 
' because he was not free among them, or gra- 
' duated in the university. He was by them four 
' times imprisoned and once fined, yet at the last 
' he overthrew them all in the common law, as 
' also in the Chancery. On the 27th of June 
' 1603, he being then in Cambridge, and a lodger 
' for a time in Jesus coll. he had the degree of 
' doctor of physic and astron. conferr'd upon 
him, and had then a licence to practise physic 
under the seal of the university, from which 
time none durst meddle with him. About that 
time he left London, and settled at Lambeth in 
Surrey, to the profit and benefit of many, hav- 
ing some years before married Jane the daugh- 
ter of John Raker, gent, a civilian of Canter- 
bury, by whom he had a son named Clement, 
born the 27th of Oct. 1606, and lived to his 
last in very good report of the neighbourhood, 
especially of the poor to whom he was charita- 
ble. He was a person that in horary questions 
(especially thefts) was very judicious and for- 
tunate, so also in sicknesses, which indeed was 
his miisterpiece ; and had good success in re- 
solving questions about marriage, and in other 
questions very intricate. He was a person of 
indefatigable pains, and was always doing some 
thing relating to his profession. I have some- 
times seen half a sheet of paper wrote of his 
judgment upon one question; in writing of 
which he used much tautology, as you may see 
if you'll read a great book ' of Dr. Rob. Eludd, 
who had it all from the MSS. of Forman; who, 
had he lived to have methodized his own papers, 

' In musxo Ashn^olcauo. 



101 



FORMAN. 



1(H 



£373] 



" I doubt not but lie would liave iidvaiK-cd tlio 
" latroiuiilbcinatioal part thereof very eomplent, 
" for he was very observant and kept notes of the 
" success of his judgments, as in many of his 
" figures I have observed. He ]>rofessed to his 
" wife that there would be much trouble about 
" sir Rob. Carr, earl of Somerset, and the 
" lady Frances his wife, who frequently re- 
" sorted to him, and from whose company he 
" would sometimes lock himself in his study one 
" whole day. He had compounded things upon 
" the desire of Mrs. Anne Turner, to make the 
" said sir Rob. Carr callid fjuo ad hanc, and Ro- 
" bert earl of Essex frigid quo ml hanc, that is, 
" to his wife the lady Frances, who had n mind 
" to bo rid of him and be wedded to the said sir 
" Robert. He had made also certain pictures in 
" wax, representing sir Robert and the said lady, 
" to cause a love between each other, with other 
" such like things; but Forman dying before he 
" could eftect the matter, Mrs. Turner found out 
" one Edward Gresham an .astrologer to conclude 
" the matter; but he also, if 1 mistake not, dropt 
" away before the marriage of sir Robert and the 
" said lady was concluded. Dr. F'onnan hath 
" written, 

" De Arte Geomantica. 

" Of the Natures of the 12 Houses for Judgment 
" of Diseases, &c. — 'Tis a large fair MS. in qu. 

" De Revolulione Mundi. 

" The Astrological Judgments of Phi/sic and 
" other Questions, containing his Experience for 
" 20 Years, an. 1606.— In alarge folio MS. 

" Judicia de Servo Fugitivo, &c. 

" Of hidden Treasure, of Geomancy, deFurto, 
<'&c. 

" R'!ception of Planets, &c. 

" Judgments of Diseases, according to the 12 
*' Houses. 

" De Amore ^- Arte. 

" De Fugitivo, ^- de Re amissa, Sec. 

" Instructions to knoxe in zchat stale a Ship is, 
" thai is at Sea, &c. 

" Dialogue between him and Death in his Sich- 
" ness, an. 1585, Sept. 4.'— 'Tis a poem, and to it 
" is joiu'd another poem. 

" Of Antichrist, &c. 

* [From Simon Forman's Argumenle heltcen Forman and 
Deaihe in his Sicknes, 1685. Stpl. the 4"'. 
Forman. 
Yet, Death, on r,uestion more of thee 

1 will aske, er ihou soe : 
Howe hadstc thou thy beginning. 
And wher, 1 wold fain knowe? 

Deaihe. 
My sonn, according to my skill. 

My entrance showe I shall. 
When God created angells bright 

In Heaven's imperiall. 
He mad on angell, Lucifer, 

That was soc fair and bright. 
Who to compare to God the lord 

He thought thcr soiic he Diiglitf . 



" Mattert of Armt and Gentility Mgrng ii lf to 
" his Familif. 

And, thnrowf prid, hi» chaier Mrt 

Inio the Nonh'- -'•■■ f.rr, 
That he cncorr. r'-»t wrath. 

And grewr in ;. , 'if' 

Wherforc from llcaven Gud did him caM« 

Into the lowckt hell. 
And many a thounaiul at that lime 

With him from Heaven ther fell. 
Some in the aytr, torn in ihe earth. 

Some in the water tiaie ; 
And tlins ul Adam envied alle. 

That God made (nit of cl.iy. 
Perceyuinftc Adam and hit wni 

Tlieyr |>larr* should iiicceerl, 
For envy that ihey had ther at, 

Devit'd this >liifte with s\rtA. 
The serpent was the sublillest 

Of all the bcastes that hcnl, 
And Satan he, to work his will, 

Gotc into that serpent. 
Imaginig'e some crafiie nrille, 

Vnto the woman wente. 
And, with fairc spceche, caused here la 

Ureitkc God's commaundemcntc. 
What is the cause, Madame, (quoth he) 

Tliat ye this tree forbeare, 
Whos I'ruyte is most delycyous, 

To cate ye ncad not spare? 
Wee eale of all, saue only that. 

Which God did vs deny; 
The contrary, what time we doe, 

God said that we should die. 
The ser|ient said, beliue not that, 

Thoughc he it youe forbod, 
Yf that youe doc, for wisdom youe 

Shal \k lykc vnto God. 
She hcaringe that, did straight belyue 

The scr|>cnt in his ulke. 
And eatc ther of, and Adam gaue 

In place wher he did walke. 
But when their eyes once opeaol were 

They kne«e they had done yll. 
For which God put them out of Par*diee,- 

The ground abrod to idl. 
And made them subicct vnto Death, 

Because thev had done sin ; 
And soc by fall of Adam firste 

I 1>EATH did enter in. 
On Abel first I showed my power. 

Whom Caine his brother slewe. 
And hauc done since on yongc and old 

That Adam's fall due rewe : 
And shall doe, till the wordle be don. 

Not man can scape my hand, 
Wher he doc slejie, wher he doe wake, 

Orlyiie bvsi'a ar land. 
In Ma'mrc in that luilic valle, 

Which since is Jewishe land, 
I Death, with spite, did showe my mign 

On Abell bie Caine slaind. 
And thus to thee I haue declarj 

The questions that ihou askt. 
When thou hast done, forget not thia, 

Lyke a man in a mask* 
Which subtilly dothe shifts him selfc 

To Protheus' shapes and formes. 
And at iho laste forgets the tirste 

Before aboutc he tornes. 
Like those that to a sermon com* 

To sec, and to be sine; 
And er they lorne what them was tau^ 

■Tbev have forgoilen cleane. 
li 2 



103 



FORMAN. 



104 



" Of Ciants. 

" De Lapide I'kiiisophico, 

" Of Alchtimy. 

" l')e Ltipiiie Phi/osup/ioruin : Or, the TVork of 
" Kako. — Written uii. KiOi. 

" A Discourse if the Plague. 

" Of the Spleen : Also of the Materia Metlica, 
^ imc.' An. 1593. 

" A Treatise of the Plague and its Si/mptoms, 
" an. 1607. qu. 

" Of Adam and Eve.— 'A divinity tract. 

" A Discourse of Antichrist. — A div. tract, with 
" other fragments of tiie same author. 

" Ars iSlotoria. — Written in large vellom, 
*' mentioned by W. Lilly in his own life, p. 31. 

" Onus magnum. — Written 10 Nov. I098. 

" The first IVay to the Mineral Stone. 

" Prodigies of Birds, viz. Eagles, Crozes, &c. 

" Calculation of Nativities— with many other 
" things which are among the MSS. in Ashmoie's 
" mus£eum, among which must be mention'd his 
" Letters to Mr. Rich, Napier. — Of whom, by 
" the w'ay, I must desire the reader to know, that 
" he was a younger son of sir Rob. Napier of 
" Luton-Hoe in Bedfordshire, baronet, and bred, 
" I think, in Cambridge,' of which he was master 
" of arts, but whether doctor, as he was commonly 
" called, I know not. After he had left the uni- 
" versity he became rector of Great Linford in 
" Buckinghamshire, well skill'd in astrology and 
" mathematics, was a person of great abstinence 
" and piety. He outwent Dr. Forman in physic 
" and holiness of life, cured the falling-sickness 
" perfectly by constellated rings, and some dis- 
" eases by amulets. He spent every day two 
" hours in family -prayer, and when patient or 
" querent came to him, he presently went to his 
" closet to pray, and after told, to admiration, 
" the recovery or death of the patient. It ap- 
" pears by his papers that he did converse with 
" the angel Raphael, who gave him the responses. 
" Elias Ashmole had all his pa[>ers, wherein is 
" contained all his practice for about 50 years, 
" which Mr. Ashmole carefully bound up accord- 
" ing to the years of our Lord in several volumes 
" in fol. which are now in his musa;um. Before 
" the responses stand this mark R. R" that is lie- 
" spotisnm liophaelis. He told Dr. Job. Prideaux 
" in 1621, that 20 years after that year he should 

' [llic. Sandy, alias Napier, was fellow of Exeter coll. 
Vide my xxviii. vol. of MS. Collections, p 92. Cole.] 

Forget not this therefore, 

1 Death E shall be thy end, 
Haue care therefore that thou malste lyue. 

When that thy time is spende. 

Forman. 
And that we may soe doe indead, 

God praiint vs all his grace; 
Then after death wee shall be suere. 
With him to haue a place. 
Finis per Simone Forman. MS. Ashmole ccriii. xiii. b.j 



be a bishop, and accordingly he was made a 
bishop in 1641. He tlie said Rich. Napier 
died at Great Linford before-mention'd pray- 
ing on his knees, on the first day of Apr. 1634, 
aged 75 or more, leaving then his estate to sir 
Rich. Napier his nephew. John Cotta, Dr. of 
physic ot Northampton, doth in his Tryal of 
IVitch-Craft obliquely inveigh against Mr. 
Napier and his practices. At length Dr. For- 
man dying suddenly was buried in the church 
at Liimbetii in Surrey, on the I'ith of Sept. in 
si.xteen hundred and eleven, leaving then be- 16"- 
hind him a little son named Clement, and 
money and goods worth 12001. for the main- 
tenance of him ; as also divers rarities and 
MSS. which the said Mr. or Dr. Rich. Napier, 
who had formerly been his scholar, got into 
his hands : All which, coming after his death 
into the hands of sir Rich. Napier his nephew 
and heir, were by his son Thomas given to Elias £374] 
Ashmole before-mentioned. I have been in- 
formed by a certain '* author that the Sunday 
night before Dr. Forman died, he the said 
Forman and his wife being at supper in their 
garden-house, she told him in a pleasant hu- 
mour, that she had been informed that he 
could resolve whether man or wife should die 
first, and asked him, Whether I should bury you 
or no ? Oh, said he, you shall bury me, but thou 
wilt much repent it : Then said she. How long 
will that be? to which he made answer, / shall 
die before next Thursday night be over. The next 
day being Monday all was well : Tuesday earner 
and he was not sick: Wednesday came, and 
still he was well ; and then his impertinent 
wife did twit him in the teeth with what he had 
said on Sunday. Thursday came, and dinner 
being ended he was well, went down to the 
water-side and took a pair of oars to go to some 
buildings he was in hand with at Puddle-Dock: 
And being in the middle of the Thames, he 

fresently fell down, and only said ; an Impost ! an 
mpost! and so died; whereupon a most sad 
storm of wind immediately followed. Thus my 
author here quoted; but the reader must know 
this, that the 12th of Sept. I6l2, on which day 
he was buried, was then Thursday, and 'tis 
very unlikely that his body was buried the same 
day on which he died, or that it was kept a 
week above ground." 

[The greater portion of this Life of Forman is 
taken from a curious MS. in his own hand, pre- 
served, with an immense number of other works 
and calculations by this astrologer, in the Ash- 
molean museum. To give a catalogue of these 
papers, most of which are of no value, would far 
exceed the limits of these volumes. I add there- 
fore only one work of Forman's, and that printed, 
which has escaped my predecessor. 

♦ Will. Lilly, astrologer, \a his own Life, MS. p. 17. 



105 



BUCKLAND. 



106 



The Grounds of the Lonaitude, with an Admo- 
nition to all those that are incredulous, and heJieve 
not the Truth of the same. Li(;ciiso(l to 'rhonias 
Dawson, 4to. 1591. Herbert, Ti/p. Anti//. 1128. 

A curious paper entituled Of Lucifer's Creation, 
and of the fVordle's Creation, from tliu orij^iiial 
MS. in St. Jolm's college library, was comnuini- 
cated by the Editor of the present work to Mr. 
(now Sir Samuel Egerton) Brydges, and has been 
printed in the fourth volume of the Centura Li- 
teraria, 8vo. 1807, page 410.] 

RALPH BUCKLAND, an esquire's son, was 
born of, and descended from, an antient and gen- 
teel family of his name (living at VVcst-Harptre) 
in Somersetsliire, became a commoner of Mag. 
coll. in Mich, term 1579, aged 15 or thereabouts; 
but before he took a degree, he went to London 
and studied the municipal laws for some time. 
At length being inflam'd with a love to the Rom. 
Cath. religion, he left his parents, country, and 
the prospect of a fair inheritance, (for ho was the 
first heir to his father) and went forthwith (by 
the instigation, without doubt, of some priest) to 
the English coll. at Rheitnes; in which place, 
and at Rome, he spent about 7 yciirs in the eager 
obtaining of knowledge in philosophy and divi- 
nity. Afterwards being made priest and sent 
into the mission of England, lived chiefly, I 
presume, in his own country, and spent above 
twenty years in doing offices belonging to his 
profession. The things that he hath written and 
published are these, 

Seven Sparks of the cnkind^ 
led Soul. \Drarcn out of the 

Four Lamentations, which,\ Holy Scriptures 
composed in the hard Times of\ after the form of 
Qu. Elizabeth, maube used at aill Psalms. — Print- 
Times, when the Church happen-] ed in twelves. 
eth to be eitreamly persecuted. ^ 

In the title, or end, of these two little things 
(with which was printed A Jesus Psalter, but by 
whom written or published it appears not) there 
is no place or time mentioned, where, or when, 
they were printed, neither is the epistle dedica- 
tory to his mother B. B. dated. However, that 
they were printed after king James I. came to 
the crown of England, appears in the first Psalm, 

J, 12, thus: ' By the hand of thy great servant 
ames, shake off" our yoake; that we may find 
him an honourable comforter, — Beautify him with 
a name, more precious than his crown: by the 
true name of a good king,' &c. A copy of the 
said two little things, which contain ejaculations 
very full of most fervent devotion for the recon- 
cilement of England and Scotland to the Rom. 
church, coming afterwards into the hands of the 
most learned Dr. Usher, primate of Ireland, he 
took occasion in a' sermon preached in S. Mary's 

' MS. ia bib. Tho. Marshall^ nuper lect. coll. Line. 



church in Oxon, 5 Nov. 1640, Ut tell the Icamrii 
auditory then present, that the naid two bftok* 
having been printed nt Rome in WiO.i, or thrre- 
abouts, the Ounpowdcr-'I'reajion, which wa« di«« 
covered two years after in England, wa* tlicn 
there known, and prayers sent up to fJod Al- 
mighty for a prosperous succeas thereof, from 
certain passagex therein (' drawn,' an 'tii !>.tid in 
the title, 'out of the Holy Scriptures'^ which he 
then publicly read before them, nome, if not nil, 
of which are these. — I'sal. 2. p. 2,5. ' Confirm 
their hearts in hoi>e for the redemption i* not fnt 
off". The year of visitation drawelh to an end : 
and jubilation is at hand.' — Psal. 2. ii. 32. 'But 
the memory of novelties shall penah with a 
crack : as a ruinous house falling to the ground. — 
Ibid. p. 33. ' He will come as a flame that burn- 
eth out beyond the furnace,' JScc. ' His fury shall 
fly forth as thunder.'— Psal. 4. p. 54. ' The crack 
was heard into all lands; and made nations (juake 
for fear.' — Ibid. p. 06. ' In a moment canst thou 
crush her bones,' &c. All which passages, deli- 
vered from the pulpit, by that learned and g(jdljr 
archbishop, being then generally believed, I 
must make bold to tell the render, being an eager 
pursuer of truth, that by the several copies of 
the said books which I have seen, it doth not ap- 
pear at all, that they were printed at Rome, or 
where else : and if it may really be guessed by 
the make or mould of the letter, wherewith they 
were printed, 1 should ratlier take them (as one 
or more doctors of this university do the like) to 
have been printed, either at Rheimes or Douay, 
or not unlikely at Antwerp; for at Rome there 
were seldom before that time, then, or since, such 
fine or clear letters used, as, by multitudes of 
books, which I have seen, that were printed at 
that place, appears, nor indeed ever were, or are, 
any English books printed there. 

Our author Buekland hath also written, 
An Embassage from Heaien, trherein our Lord 
Christ givetk to understand his Indignation ugaimt 
all such, as being Catholicly minded, dare yield 
their Presence to the Riles and public Prayer.^ of 
the Malignant Church. — Printed in octa\o, but 
where, or when, it appears not, either in the be- 
ginning, or end, of the said book, [iioill. 8vo. 
C. 637. Line] He also translated from Lat. into 
English a book entit. De Persecutione landelica. 
lib. 3. Written by Victor bishop of Biserte or 
Benserte in Africa. Which bishop was in great 
renown according to Bellannine^ an. Ch. 490. 
Also the six tomes of Laur. .Surius emit. De t itit 
Sanctorum. Which translation I have seen often 
quoted, under the name of Robert (instead of 
Ralph) Buekland. What else our zealous author 
hath written and translated, I find not as yet, nor 
any thing else*of him, only that he dying in six- 
teen hundred and eleven, was buried, 1 presume, 

'' In lib. cui tit. est. Dt Scriptorilut Eccletiatt. C^ 
/grip. 1631. p. 166. 



rs75i 



107 



TIIYNNE. 



108 



in his own country near to the graves of his an- 
cestors, who were nil zealous It. Catholics, but 
since not. He left behind him among the bre- 
thren the character of * most pious and scraphi- 
cal person, n person who went beyond all of his 
time for fervent devotion.' 

[Ritson was not aware that Buckland is entitled 
to a i»lace in his Bihliographia foetica : his claim 
is founded on a metrical epilogue to his Embas- 
sage from Heaven, of which the reader will be 
pleased to accept the first and two last stanzas 
only. 

Shal this embassage be of no regard, 

Sent from a God, and from a man besides? 
Who, for thy sake, in loue, he hath not spard 
His head, his amies, his legs, his sacred sides, 
liut al haue bcene embrued in dearest blood 
To saue thy soule, and worke thy greatest 
good. 
* * * # 

What loue, what terrour, al the world may yeeld, 

Al are but shadowcs glaunsing on a wal; 
Or like the winde, stowping the corne in field. 
They haue short time, of no regard at al. 
The loue of heauen, the dreadful judge- 
met da^-. 
These, these are they, whose endes canot 
decay. 

Choose now of whether thou wilt haue thyshare; 

Of that which endeth in a moment's blast, 
Or of those treasures, which 1 doe prepare 
For my true champions, which shall euer last. 
The world is gone, thy Saviour shal 

remaine; 
Stand fast to him, and heauen is thy gaine.] 

FRANCIS THYNNE was lineally descended 
from Tlioin. at the Irine, otherwise Thynne, of 
Strettoii in Shropshire, son of Ralph Botevill of 
the same place, descended from an auticut and 
genteel family of his name living elsewhere, was 
educated in gramaticals in Tunbridge school in 
Kent, (in which county, as it seems, he was born,) 
where being fitted for higher learning by Jo. 
Proctor, master thereof, (whom I have men- 
tioned elsewhere,') was thence sent to this uni- 
versity, at which time several of his siniame of 
AVilts, studied there; and one of both his names, 
and a knight's son of the same countv, was a com- 
moner ot Maj^. coll. in 1577. "Whether our 
author Franc. Thynne went afterwards to Cam- 
bridge, or was originally a student there before 
he came to Oxon, 1 cannot justly say. Sure it is, 
that his genie tempting him to leave the crabbed- 
ness of logic and philosophy, and to embrace 
those delightful studies of histories and genealo- 
gies, he became at length one of the officers of 
arms, by the title of Blanch-Lyon, and afterwards 

' [See vol. 1. col. SSf)."] 



herald by that of Lancaster,' which he kept to his 
dying day. His works are, 

The Annals of Scotland in some part, continued 
from the Time in which Ra. llolinshed left, beint 
an. 1571, unto the Year 1586. Lond. i58(i. fof. 
Tliere are also the Catalogues of the Protectors, [37S] 
Governors or Regents of Scotland during the King's 
Minority, orthe Minoritif of several Kings, or their 
insujjicienct/ of Government. These are also the 
Catalogues of all Dukes of Scotland bi/ Creation or 
Descent; of the Chancellors of Scotland; Archbi- 
shops of St. Andrews; and divers Writers of Scot- 
land. 

Catalogue (f English Cardinals — Set down in 
R. Holinshed's Chronicle at the end of Q. Mary : 
Used and followed in many things by Francis 
bishop of LandafF, in his cat. or hist, of them, 
at the end of his book De Preesuiibus Antrliea 

C< o 

om. 

Cat. of the Lord Chancellors of England. — MS. 
From which, as also from the endeavours made 
that way by Rob. Glover, sometimes Somerset 
herald,^ and of Tho. Talbot, formerly clerk of the 
records in the Tower of London, Job. Philpot, 
Som. herald, did frame his Catalogue of the Chanc. 
of England, &c. Lond. 1636. qu. 

The perfect Ambassador, treating of the Anti- 
quitif, Privileges and Behaviour of Men belongin<r 

to that Function, Sic. This was published in 

12mo. in the times of the late usurpation, and 
therefore is supposed to be very imperfect. [It is 
dedicated to William lord Cobham ; and was 
printed in UJ51.] 

A Discourse of Arms, wherein is shewn the Bla- 
zon, and Cause of divers English, Foreign, and de- 
vised Coats, together zcith certain Ensigns, Ban- 
ners, Devises, and Supporters, of the Kings of 
England. — MS. sometimes in the library of Halpli 
Sheldon of Beoley, esq; now (by his gift, 1684.) 
among the books of the eollegeof arms near St. 
Paul's cath. in Lond. The beginning of this MS. 
written to sir A\'ill. Cecill lord Burghley, is this, 
' I present unto your rare judgment (right honour- 
able and my singular good lord) no vulgar conceit 
of armory,' &c. The Discourse is dated from 
Clerken well-Green, 5 Jan. 1593. 

Several Collections of Antiquities, Notes concern- 
ing Arms, Monumental Inscriptions, &c. — MS. in 
Cotton's lib. under Cleopatra. C. 3. p. 6'i. 

Miscellanies of the Treasury. — MS. written to 
Tho. lord Buckhurst, an. 1599. 

" A Discourse of the Duty and Office of an 
" Herald of Arms, A. D. l605. MS. in biblioth. 
" Ashmol. n. 835. [This and the following treatise 
were printed in Hearne's Collection of Curious 
Discourses.'] 

' [Rob. Glover Somerset herald, lies buried in the church 
ofSt. Giles without Crippl^ate, London, over whose grave 
is a comely monument, iri the South wall of the quire, with 
an inscription to be seen in Weaver Funerul Monuments, 
p. 314, whereby it appears, that he died April 10. 1588, 
wlat. 45. Kennet.") 



109 



TIIYNNE. 



no 



" Matters concenniig llemlth, and Tri/al of 
" j4rms and the Court Military, MS. Ibul. [ct 
MS. 4176.] 

" Names of the Earls Marshals of England, 
*' J. D. 1()01. MS. Ibid. n. 8,'>G. 

" A Discourse upon the Philosophers Arms, 
" written in English Verse, an. 158:3, MS. Ibid, 
n. 1374." 

Epitaphia, sive Monumcnta Sepulchrorum An- 
glic^Sf halini qnam Galtici. — MS. in a thin fol. 
in the hands of sir Henry St. George Clarciiecnux 
K. of arms. Tiio said inscriptions, witli arms 
and epitaphs, were collecled in tiis travels througii 
several parts of England, and through some of 
France, and have been ever acce[)tablc to such 
curious men, and antiquaries, that have had the 
happiness to see them. Several of his collec- 
tions were transferred to obscure hands, which 
without doubt would be useful if they might be 
perused ; but 'tis feared by some, that they 
are turned to waste paper. I have seen di- 
vers collections of monuments, inade by him 
from Peterborough cath. in 1592, several of 
which mon. were lost and defaced before sir 
Will. Dugdale, or Sim. Gunton made their re- 
spective surveys of that antient edifice, an. 1()40, 
41. What otlier things our author Thynne hath 
written, I know not, nor any thing else of him, 
only that he died in sixteen hundred and eleven. 
But that which I have forgotten to let the 
reader know farther of him, is, that he had seve- 
ral Notes on, and Corrections of, Chancers Works 
lying by him : with the helps of which, he did 
rntcnd to put out that author, with a comment in 
our English tongue, as the Italians have Petrarch 
and others in their language. But he having 
been taken off from that good work, did assist 
Tho. Speght of Cambridge with his notes and 
directions, as also with considerable materials for 
the writing of Chaucer's life. Whereupon the 
said Speght published that author again in lG02, 
(having in the former edition 1597 had the notes 
and corrections of Joh. Stow the chronologer for 
his assistance,) whereby most of Chaucer's old 
words were restored, and proverbs and sentences 
1-377-1 marked. See more in Will. Thynne, under the 
year 1542,' from whom, if I mistake not, this 
Francis was descended. 

[When Thynne left Oxford, he became a 
member of Lincoln's Inn. The first preferment 
that he obtained, was that of Blanche Lyon pour- 
suivant, after which, when he was hfty-seven 
years, he was on the ea-* of April, 1600, with 
great ceremony, created Lancaster herald at 
arms, having previously obtained a patent for 
that office, dated the 23'' October, 44 Eliz. Wood 
places his death in I6I 1, but it must have hap- 
pened sooner, since he never surrendered his pa- 

» [Vol. 1. col. 136.J 



tent, and that granted to hi§ succnior in office 
bears date in November IGO8.' 

In the CastratiouH to Hotiingshcd'i Chronieln 
are tiie four following diitcour»e* by tliiit author, 
wliieii were su|>preHsed from political inutile*. 
They have been added to the late quarto edi- 
tion. 

I . The Collection of the Earh of Ijeicuter ; 
compiled in 1585. 

SJ. The Lives of the Archbithitpt of Canterburif ; 
written in 1580. TIiIk is chiefly taken Uitm 
archb. Parker's book l)e Antiquitate liritannica 
Ecclesicc. 

3. Treatise of the Lord Cohhams.* 

4 The Catalogue of the lAjrd Wardens of tht 
Cintfae Ports, anil Constables of Doier Cuxlte, at 
Kelt in the Time of King Eduard, surnamed 
the Confessor, as since the lieigu of the Conqueror. 
Compiled in 1586. The original MS. of tlii* 
was, according to bishoo NiehoUon in the 
library of More, bishop of Ely. 

Besides these he wrote, 

5. Of Sterling Moneu. 

6. Uf what Antiquilif Shires were in Eng- 
land. 

7. Of the Anliquitif and Eli/mologu of Terms, 
and Fines for Administration if Justice in Eng- 
land. 

8. Of the Antiquity of the Houses of Law. 
y. Uf Epitaphs. 

10. On the Antiquity, Sfc. of the High Steward 
of England. 

I I . The Antiquity and Office of Earl Mar- 
shall. 

These seven are printed in the etlition of 
Heame's Curious Discourses, 2 vol. 8vo. Loud. 
1775. 

12. Discourse of Bastardy; MS. in mus. Bri- 
tan. 4176, fol. 139', b. 

13. Collections out of Domus Regni Ang/ia — 
Nomina Episcoporum in Somerset — hiomina 
Sa.ronica de Donutionibus a Regibus Eadfrido, 
Eadgare et Edwardo — Cataloans Episcoporum Ba- 
ton et Wells — A Book of Collections and Com- 
mentaries dc llistoria et Rebus Britaunicis-— 
The Plea bettceeen the Advocate and Anti- Advo- 
cate, concerning the Hath and Batchelor knights. 

14. Collections out of Manuscript Historians, 

• [See his Life at the cnJ of the lot edition of Hcarnc* 
Collection of curious Discourses. Lond. for Benjamin 
White, 177.i, vol. ii. jwge 444.] ,_ j, ,. . ... • , 

^ [Uui whereas it is insmualed m the fcnphsh Mistoric«| 
Library, that there arc no more sheets supprcs-^ed than what 
relate to the lords C'ohham, and that this wm occasioned be- 
cause of the then lord Coliham beiiiR in disgrace, 1 must beg 
leave to assert, that this is one of the great number of mi*- 
takes in that work, it being plain from wliat hath been al- 
ready said, that there were many sheets besides suppressed; 
i>nd it Ix-ing wiihal as plain from our English historj, thai 
the lord Cot)ham was at that time in favour, and not in di»- 
gcaee, with queeu Liizabelh. Ilcarne, ut supra.] 



Ill 



HOLLAN D 



PENNE. 



112 



Regitten ofAbbies, Ledger Books, and other an- 
tietit Maii'uscriptx. In 4 vol. folio.'] 



rcheremth the honour of this Realme hath beene 
vncharitably traduced bj/ some of our adversaries 



THOMAS HOLLAND was bom at Ludlow 
in Shrophire, elected Socius Sacerdotalis com- 
moi.lv called chaplain-fellow of Baliol coll. 
13 Jan. 1573, being then bach, of arts, and a most 
noted disputant in that house, and m 1575 pro- 
ceedinff in that faculty, he became a solid 
preacher. Afterwards he took the degrees in 
divinitv, left his fellowship in 1583, succeeded 
Dr. Humphrey in the divinity-chair 1589, and 
Glasier in the rectory of Exeter coll. an. 1592. 
In which house continuing almost 20 years, there 
appeared in sight under him at one time these 
noted scholars, Edw. Chetwind, Dan. and Samp. 
Price, Rich. Carpenter, Tho. Winniff, Joh. 
Flemming, Joh. Standard, Joh. Whetcombe, Joh. 
Prideaux°&c. all doctors of divinity. Sim. Bas- 
kervill, Uob.Vilvaine, &c.eminent physicians,with 
others, to the great credit of our common mother. 
This learned Dr. Holland did not, as some, only 
sip of learning, or, at the best drink thereof, but 
was mersus in libris ; so that the scholar in him, 
drown'd almost all other relations. He was 
esteemed by the precise men of his time, and 
after, ' another ApoUos, mighty in scriptures, 
and so familiar with the fathers, as if he himself 
was a father, and in the schoolmen, as it he had 
been a seraphical doctor.' He hath published, 

Oratio cum Henricus Episc. Sarisburiensis Gra- 
ditm Doc tor is sufccpent habita. Oxon. 1599, qu. 
[Hodl. 4to. H. 22. Art.] 

Sermon on Matt. 12. 42. Oxon. 1601, qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. H. 38. Art.] He had also a consider- 
able hand in the translation of the Bible, ap- 
pointed by K. Jam. 1. an. l604, and left behind 
liiin at his" death, several things fit for the press. 
He departed this mortal life on the 17th of March 
in sixteen hundred and eleven, and was on the 
efith of the said month (an. I6l2.) buried in the 
chancel of St. Mary's church in Oxon ; where 
being then present all the degrees of the uni- 
vcrsitv, Dr. Kilbie, rector of Line. coll. laid open 
to them, in a sermon, the great learning and vir- 
tues of him the said Dr. Holland. 

[Holland's sermon is now so scarce, that I am 

■ tempted to print the whole title ; particularly as 

it gives us notice of a treatise annexed to it 

which was not known to Wood, who probably 

never inspected the volume. 

l\a.yr^yv(is D. Elizabeths, Dei gratia Angha 
Francia, et Hibernia Reginx. A Sermon preached 
tit Pauls in London the 17. of 'November, Ann. 
J)om. l.VJt). the one and fortieth Yeare of her 
Maieslies Reigue, and augmented in those Places 
wherein, for the shortnes of the Time, it could not 
there be then delivered. IVherevnto is adioyned an 
Jpotogeticult Discourse, vchereby all such sclander- 
oiis Accusations are fully and faithfully confuted, 

» [Curious Discourtes, pp.44G.447-] 



in Forraine Nations, and at Home, for observing 
the 17. of November Yeerely in the forme of an 
IIoly-Day, and for the ioifull Exercises, and 
courtly Triumphes on that Day in the honour of 
'■— Maiestie exhibited. By Thomas Holland, 



her X..U-....... —J 

Doctor of Divinity, and her Highnes Professor 
thereof in her University of Oxford. At Oxford, 
Printed by Joseph Barnes, &.c. I6l0. The Dis- 
course, overlooked by Wood, comprises above 
one half of the volume. 

Towards the close of the sermon, speaking of 
queen Elizabeth, he says—' by whose honour- 
able stipend I have been relieved these many 
years in this famous university, and by whose 
magnificence, when I served the churcji of God 
in the Netlierlands, being chaplain to the earl 
of Leicester, his honour, I was graciously re- 
warded.' 

Dr. Kilbie, in his Funeral Discourse, gives us 
a strong proof of the hatred Holland bore to- 
wards the Catholics. ' His common farewel,' 
says he on the relation of Holland's contempo- 
raries to the fellowes of his college, ' when he 
tooke any longer iourney, was this, Commendo 
vos dilectioni Dei, et odio papains et supersti- 
tionis.' 

N umerous copies of verses by Holland will be 
found in the Oxford Collections of that period ; 
and he wrote commendatory lines to Case's, 
Summa Veterum Interpretum in Univ. Dialect. 
Aristotelis, 1598. 

There is a head of our author in his namesake s 
Ileroologia.'] 

JOHN EENNE, a noted translator from Lat. 
and Ital. into English, and from English into 
Latin, was born at Montacute near A\"dls in 
Somersetshire, educated in the rudiments of gram- 
mar and music, in the condition of a choirister 
within the precincts of the cathedral there. Af- 
terwards at riper vears he was sent by his relations 
to Wykeham's school near Winchester, to the 
end that he might be fitted for the university. 
Where, in a short time making great proficiency, 
he was elected probationer of New coll. in 1550, 
(4 Ed. 6.) and two years after being made per- 
petual fellow, was then appointed one of those 
that were to study the civil law, which the sta- 
tute of that house stiles civilista, but whether 
he took a degree in that faculty, it doth not 
appear in the university registers. In the reign 
of Q. Mary he became schoolmaster of St. Ed- 
numdsbury in Suffolk ; where, by his excellent 
fiu-'ulty in teaching, the boys were advanced 
very much in grammatical learning. But upon 
tlie alteration of religion in the beginning of Q. 
Elizab. he was forced thence by the giddy zeal 
of two Scots, that were then settled in those 
parts. At length he gave a farewel to England^ 



113 



FENNE. 



CAUTVVRIGHT 



HOLLING. 



114 



wont into tlie Low Countries, and iil'tcTwards into 
Italy, where spending (our years in study, re- 
turned to the Low Countries again, where, partly 
at Lovain, (at which niace lie was at length made 
confessor to the English nuns) and partly in the 
cities adjacent, he spent about 50 years, as an 
exil'd person, doing extraordinary benefit in the 
way he professed. He hath written, 

yittE quorundam Marty mm jinglitt. — Whicli, 
with other matters by him written, may be seen 
in a book entit. Coucertatio Eccta. Catholictt in 
Jius,lia, &.e. [Bodl. 4to. C. 32. Th.] See more 
in Jo. Bridgewatcr, an. 1594. [vol. i. col. 625.] 
He also translated from English into Latin seve- 
ral of the books of cardinal Jo. Fisher, as, (1.) 
Commentarif on the Seven Penitential Psulins. 
IV^hich book F'isher wrote at the desire of Mar- 
garet countess of Richmond — Pr. 15W, in qu. 
(2.) Sermcn of the Passion of our Saviour. (.'}.) 
Serm. concerning the Justice of the Pharisees and 
Christians, &c. Also from Lat. into Ei>g. (1.) 
[378] -i'/'f Catechism of the Council of Trent. (2.) ji 
learned and very eloquent Treatise, written [in 
Latinl by Hieron Osorius, Bishop of Sy/va in Por- 
tugal, zcherein he confutetb a certain Answer, made 
by Mr. Walt. Iladdon, against the Epistle of the 
taid Bishop vnto the Queen's Majesty, Lov. \5(iS, 
Oct. in three books. And lastly from Italian into 
English, (1.) The Life of the Blessed I'irgin S. 
Catherine of Sienna. — Print. 1609, oct. originally 
written by Dr. Caterinus Senensis. (2.) Treatise 
of Tribulation. Written by Caecia Guerra. (3.) 
The 15 Mysteries of the Rosary. Written by Gasp. 
Loart. And, lastly, collected from divers an- 
tient English books, Spiritual Treatises, for the 
Use of the Nuns of the Order of St. Bridget ; 
and other things which I have not yet seen. 
Chr. He ended his days at Lovain, after the year six- 
lOll. teen hundred and eleven, and was, as I presume, 
buried within the precincts of the monastery 
belonging to the English nuns there. He had 
a younger brother named Rob. Fenne,* who was 
admitted perpetual fellow of New coll. in 1555, 
but removed thence by the queen's commis- 
sioners, for being a R. Catholic an. 1562, having 
a little before been honoured with the degree of 
bach, of the civil law. Another brother also he 
had, called James Fenne, who was first a choi- 
rister of New coll. and afterwards scholar of that 
of C. C. an. 1554, " and fellow an. 1558," but put 
aside from the degree of B. of arts, and from his 
place in the said coll. for refusing to take the 
oath of supremacy. Afterwards Tie settled in 
Glocester-hall, where he had several pupils com- 
mitted to his charge, and was had m great re- 
spect by the seniors of that house. Thence, being 
forced, he retired to his native country, (Somer- 
setshire) where he taught a private school, and 
soon after married. But his wife dying, he went 

♦ [Robert wa» likewise a priest. Baker.1 

Vol. II. 



beyond the seus, settled at Riiciiiiex for a iimr, 
and wait made a priext. AfterwarcU returning 
into England, he settled in iiis nuiive country, 
but being soon after apprehended, was conveyed 
to London, and tliere kept in prison Mveral 
weeks. At lengtli being condemned to die, ac- 
cording to the statute against seminaries, waa 
executed ut Tyburn with George Haddock, Tho. 
Emcrferd, and Joh. Nutter, 12 Febr. 1582-3. 
All which are inrolled among the H. Catholic 
martyrs, that suflcred during tlic reigu of Q. 
Elizabeth. 

JOHN CARTWRIGHT, who seems to have 
been descended from the CartwriglitA of Wash- 
bourne in Glocestershirc, receive*! ni» acaileniical 
education in Magd. coll. but whether lie took a 
degree in this university, it appears not. After- 
wards he travelled, was, as it seems, in holy 
orders ; and after his return published tliese books 
following. 

The Preacher'* Travels : Wherein is lel dotm a 
true Journal to the Confnes of the Eait ludUi 
through the great Countries of Syria, MetopotO' 
mia, Armenia, Media, Hircania, and Parthia, 
&c. 

A Relation of Sir A nth. Sherley's Entertain- 
ment in the Court of the King of Persia. 

Description of the Port tn the Persian Gulf 
commodious for the East-India Merchants of 
England. 

Rehearsal of some gross Absurdities in the Turk- 
ish Alcoran. — Which four treatises were printed 
in one vol. at London, l6ll. in qu. At which 
time the author of them was living in Southwark 
near London. Afterwards the said treatises be- 
ing contracted, were remitted into Sam. Purchas'i 
second part of Pilgrims, lib. 9- p- 1422. — Lond. 
1625. fol. 



" EDMUND HOLLING, a Yorkshire man 
born, became a batlcr, or commoner of Qa. 
coll. in 1570. aged 16 years or thereabouts, 
took one degree m arts four years after, deter- 
mined in Schoolstreet, went beyond the seas, 
studied physic, was doctorated in that faculty 
at Ingolstad in Bavaria, as it seems, where he 
was highly venerated for his great knowledee 
and success he obtained in that faculty. He 
hath written, 

" De Chylosi Disputatio, &c Ingolstad. 159«, 
in oct. 

" De Salubri Siiidiosonim Victu, Libellus, &c. 
Ibid. 1602, oct. 

" Medicamentorum Oeconomia iwva. Ibid. 1610 
and 15, in oct. 

" Ad Epistolam quondam a Martina Rulando, 
Medico Casario, de Lapide Bezoar: Etfomite 
luis Vngarite. Ingolst. l6ll, in oct. and other 
things, which, being printed beyond the sea«, 
we seltlom see them in these parts." 



CUr. 
l6ll. 



[379] 
CUr. 
i6ii. 



115 



BOND. 



116* 



1612. 



JOHN BOND (Bondius) a most notwl critic 
ID Greek and Liitin leaniing ofhis time, was born 
in Somersetshire, educated in grammaticals in 
Wj'keliam's school near Winton, became a stu- 
rfeiit in this university about the nineteenth year 
of his age, an. 1569, took a degree in arts four 
Tears after, being either one of the clerks or chap- 
Jains of New coll. and much noted for his pro- 
ficiency in academical learning. In 1579 he 
proceeded in arts, and had soon after the master- 
ship of the free-school of Taunton St. Mary 
Magd. in Ijis own country conferred on him by 
the warden and society of New coll. At which 
place continuing many j'ears, he did exercise such 
an admirable way of teaching, that many depart- 
ed thence so excellently well grounded in humane 
learning, that they proved afterwards eminent 
either in church or state. At length being in a 
manner worn our with the drudgery of a school, 
he did for diversion, I cannot say profit, practise 
physic, tho' he had taken no degree in that fa- 
• Chief se- ^"'ty in this university, and became 
ereiary to the at length* eminent therein. As for 
}md chancel- his writings, which are used by the 
'""', "/ ^"g- juniors of our universities, aiid in 
tTn)'ifone^"c} '"any free-schools, and more admir- 
his admirers ^" ^"^" prmted beyond the seas, than 
may be credit, in England; they are these, 
*<i- Cnmmentarii in Poemuta Q. Hora- 

TiltJnhis^t ^" ^^""^' P""'^'* '^*^» oct. and 
2^ from the *^^*^'"^' ^"'"f ^''^'^^ beyond the sea, 
Court of the ^nd at London. 

Comment, in sex Sati/ras A. Persii. 
Lond. 1614, oet. published after the 
author's death, by Rog. Prows, who 
married his daughter Elizabeth. He 
hath at least written, if not published, other 
things, bnt such I have not yet seen. He yielded 
np his last breath on llie third of Aug. in sixteen 
hundred and twelve, (being then possessed of 
several lands and tenements'in Taunton, Wilton 
near Taunton, and in Newenton,) and was buried 
in the chancel of the church at Taunton before- 
mentioned. Over his grave was this epitaph soon 
after put. 

Qui medicus doctus, pnidentis nomine clarus, 
Eloquii splendor, Pieridumque deeus. 

Virtutis cultor, pietatis vixit amicus; 
Hoe jacet in tumulo, spiritus alta tenet. 

The reader is now to know that there was ano- 
ther John Bond ; ' but after the time of the for- 

, .' JT*''* •'*'• ^"""^ was bof" at ChaW in Somerset. See 
his Ep]st. diilic. before a Sermon entitled Occusus Occidental 
la, pr. Lon.l. I(j45 ; he being then B. L. ministtr of the 
Savny and a member of the assembly of divines. 

Johes Bond, Auls S « Caiherinse LLD. KHG. Resist. 
Acad. Cantab. 

An. iSf'S. Mr. Dennis Bond and his wife J. G. born. 

An. 1610. Dennis Bond mnrryed to loane Gould. 

An. 1611. Joliii Bond of Cambridge born (at Dorches- 



Great Mogul, 
&c. Lond. 
1616, p. 45, 
First Edition. 



mer, son of Dennis Bond of Dorchester in Dor- 
.setshire, who having been educated in his youth- 
ful years under John AA'hite, commonly called 
The Patriarch 0/ Dorchester, and from him sucked 
in most dangerous principles, was sent to Cam- 
bridge, and placed, I think, in St. John's coll. 
where he took the degree of bach, of civ. law. 
Afterwards lie was ma<le a lecturer in the city of 
Exeter, and carried himself conformable for a 
season. But when the times turned in 1641, and 
he saw that the puritan began to be uppermost, 
then did he preach very seditiously, aiul published 
what he had said under this title, A Door 0/ 
Hope: Also holif and lot/al Activity. Tuo Trea- 
tises delivered iu several Sermons in Exeter. The 
first on Psal. 126. 1, 2. and the other on E.xod. 17. 
11. Lond. 1641, qu. Both which do contain most 
scandalous and rebellious stuif, besides what he 
preached in a Se7)n. in the said City before the 
Deputy- Lieutenants. — Lond. 1643, qu. So that 
having thus began his pranks, and shewed him- 
self a zealous brother for the cause, and a rank 
covenanter, he was made preacher or minister 
of the Savo)' in the Strand near London, (in the 
place of Joh. White before-mentioned, when he 
passed over the water to Lambeth, to take posses- 
sion of the rectory there, belonging to Dr. Dan. 
Featly,) one of the assembly of divines, and about 
that time doctor of the laws. This J. Bond, by 
the way, you must know, being scarce warm in 
the pulpit, but he began to threaten heaven with 
some of his divinity, by telling the auditory with 
great zeal, that ' they ought to contribute, and 
pray, and do all they were able, to bring in their 
brethren of Scotland, for the settling of God's 
cause; I say this is God's cause, and it ever God 
had any cause, this is it ; and if this be not God's 
cause, then God is no God for me, but the devil 
is got up into heaven,' &c. About the same lime 
he became a frequent preacher before the long- 
parliament, and hath three or more sermons 
preached before the members thereof published, 
as (1.) Salvation in a Mystery, &.c. On Jer. 45. 25 
Lond. 1644, qu. It was a fast serm. pr. before 
the H. of commons, 27 Mar. 1644. (2.) Ortus 
Occidentalis, or a Dareniiig in the West, &c. On 
Isa. 25. 9. Lond. 1645, qu. 'Twas a thanks- 
giving scrm. for the parliament forces their gain- 
ing of Bath, Bridgwater, Slierbourne castle, &c. 
preached before the H. of commons, 22 Aug. 
1645 ; and on the eleventh of Dec. following the 
said Jo. Bond was made master of the hospital 
called the Savoy under the great seal. (3.) A 

ter). See my MSS. vol. xxxvi. page 378. Baker. See also 
my MSS. vol. vi. p. Ktg. Cole. 

As this John Bond has so little to do with the Oxford 
writers we may be excused from saying more respecting him. 
VV^ooti however is wrong in the date of his death, which 
happened July 30, l()7'i. He was professor of law in 
Gresham college, and the curious reader may refer to Ward's 
Lives of the Professors ofC. C. folio. Loud. 1740, page 247, 
for further infyrmalion.] 



[380] 



117 



BON l>. 



WllYTL, 



118 



Thanksgiving Serm. before the II. of Com. On 
Psal. 30. 2v'3. Loncl. 1(J48, qu. prcaclietl on tlic 
19th of July 1648. In whidi year lie iiada serm. 
published, entit. Grapes among Thoriu, preached 
tefore the house of commons. In all which «er- 
mons, as in others, which he dclivere<l in London 
and Westminster, are contained many strange 
positions, rebellious doctrines, religious cantings, 
and I know not what. About that time he was 
made* master of Trinity-hall in Cambridge, which 
Mr. Jo. Selden refused, and in ltij4 he was made 
l^n assistant to the comniissioners of Middlesex 
and Westminster, for the ejection of such, w horn 
they then called scandalous and ignorant minis- 
ters and schoolmasters. These thmgs i thought 
•fit to let the reader know, that posterity may dis- 
tinguish between the said two IJonds, the first 
a polite and rare critic, whose labours liave ad- 
vanced the commonwealth of learning very much; 
and the other an impudent, canting, and blasphe- 
mous person, who by his doctrine did lead people 
to rebellion, advance the cause of Satan much, 
and in iiue, by his, and the endeavours of his 
brethren, brought all things to ruin, mecrly to 
advance their unsatiable and ambitious desires. 
He lived, as I conceive, to the restoration of K. 
Ch. II. an. 1660, being then about 49 years of 
• But when *^g«2 '* " when he retired to Lutton 
he died I can- " in Dorsetshire,and died there about 
not yet learn. « 1680." His father, Dennis Bond 
First Ediuon. before-mentioned, who was son of 
Joh. Bond of Lutton in Dorsetshire, and he the 
aon of Dennis of the same place, was bred uj) to 
the trade of a woollen-draper in Dorchester; 
being then a constant hearer and admirer of Jo. 
White aforesaid, was elected burgess (with Denzil 
HoUis) for the borough of Dorchester (of which 
he was then alderman) to serve in that unhappy 
parliament which began at Westminster Nov. 3, 
1640. In which, shewing himself an active per- 
son, first under the opinion of a presbyterian, 
and afterwfirds of an indcpendant, was design'd 
and prick'd down for one of the judges of K. 
Ch. I. an. 1648, but whether he sat, when sen- 
tence was passed upon him, I cannot justly say, 
notw ithstanding one or more authors say, that he 
did then sit, and was numbred among the judges. 
On the 14th of Feb. next following the decolla- 
tion of that king, he was appointed one of the 
30 persons for the council of state, and ever after 
shewed himself a devotee to Oliver's interest. 
On the 30th of Aug. 1658, bein^ then Monday, 
and the windiest day that had before hapncd for 
SO 3'ears, he paid his last debt to nature, being 
then tormented with the strangury and much 
anxiety of spirit. At which time, as the then vul- 
gar talk was, the devil came to take away Oliv. 



* One Joh. Bond doct. of the law, was a recruiter in the 
long-parliament for Mclcorabc llegis in. Dorsetshire, and 
to he coatinued till 1653. 



Cromwell, who then lay on lii* desth>bed, but 
being not pre{)nred for him, he gav« Bond for 
his future a|)pcarancc, and accordingly on Fiidar 
following, being the 3d of Sept li' ' ' hi» 

promise. The carcjuis of D<'nui^ I \vA 

in the abbey church of St. !'• 
where continuing about tln' 
the bodicD of other Crom wel . i Ik: 

month of Sept. 1()<JI, and buii , . t'i 

church-yard atljoining, before the back-door of 
the lodgings belonging to one of the canons of 
W'estmmster. I Undone John Ikind to be nullior 
of n pamphlet entit. A h'hip fur the Judges, 
Bishops, and Papists, iac Lond. 1641. (.)r ano- 
ther also called. The Dounfal of the old Common- 
Conncil-Men. — Pr. there the same year, nnd of a 
third entit. The Poet's Iteainlulion. I ;2, 

uu. but I titke this John Bond to t rut 

trom the other John who was a presbytcriau, and 
aftenvards an inde^KMidaiit. I find another John 
Bond later than all the former, who is now, or 
at least was lately, a barrester of CJrays-Itm, who 
wrote and published, A comple.al (Juidefur Jut- 
tices of the Peace, &c. in two parts. Loud. 168^, 
in ocu [Bodl. 8vo. B. 37- Jur.] 

RICHARD WHYTE, or Vitus as he wriua 
himself, the son of Henry' Whyte of Basingstoke 
in Hampshire, (by Agnes his wife, daughirr of 
Rich. Capelin of Hampshire,) tlic son of Tho. 
WHiyte, tne son of Jenkin (sometimes called John) 
Whyte, (who had almost half the town of Ba'iing* 
stoke in his own possession,) the son of Tho. 
Whyte of Purvyle ni Hampshire, (which Tliomaa • 
was gr. grandfather to John Whyte sometime 
bishop of Winton,) was born in the town of 
Basingstoke before-mentioned, trained up in gram- 
mar learning in AVykeham's school, admitted 
perpetual fellow of New coll. in 1557, took one 
degree in arts, but before he had that of master 
conferred on him, he absented himself from his 
college, and the time limited for his absence being 
spent, his place was pronounced void in 1564. 
A little before that time he went to Lovain, and 
afterwards to Padua in Italy, where applying hit 
muse to the study of the civil and canon law, 
became doctor of them. At length going to 
Doway he was constituted the king's proh^sor 
of those laws, (in which place he continued above 
20 years,) married two rich wives, (of which one 
was an inheretrix) grew wealthy, was made, by 
order of the pope, magni/iciis rector, tho' out of 
his ordinary tuni, and about the same time wa« 
created comes palatinus. Which title is com- 
monly conferred by the imp<-rialists on their 
Erofessors. At length having buried two wives, 
e was, by the dispensation of P. Clem. 8., made 
a priest, and about the same time had a canonry 
in St. Peter's church in Doway bestowed on him. 

' The said Hen. Whyte died in the tiegc of Bulloigne, 
«n. 1544. 

I 2 



[381] 



119 



WHYTE. 



FITZHERBEllT. 



120 



t382] 



The first thing that made him known to curious 
schohirs, was his exposition of an antient enig- 
matical epitaph, whicli was in his time remaining 
near to Bononia, the title of which is, 

jElia Lttlia Crispis. Epitaphium Antiquum 

quod in Agro Bononiensi adhuc videtur ; a diver- 
sis hactenus interpretatum varie : novissimh autem 
a Ric. Fito Basinstochio, Amicorum Precibtis 
explicalum. Pctav. Ii68, in six sh. and a half 
in qu.[and Dur. I6I8, 8vo.] Dedicated to Chris- 
top. Johnson chief master of Winchester school. 
Afterwards he wrote and published, 

Orationes quinque, de Circulo Artium 8f Pkilo- 

sophim — De Etoquentia 8f Cicerone. Pro Divi- 

tiis Regum, Pro Doctoratu, De sttuliorum 

Finibus, cum Notis. Atrebat. 1596, oct. The 
two first, which were spoken at Lovain, were 
published* b}' Christoph. Johnson before-men- 
tioned, about 1564, and commanded by him to 
be read publicly in the said school near Winton, 
by the scholars. 

Nota ad Leges Decem-virorum in xii. Tabulis, 
Atrebat. 1597, oct. 

Historiaruiit Britannia Libri. 1. Ab Originead 
Brutum. 2. Ab illo ad Malmutium. 3. Ab hoc 
ad Heliam. 4. Ab isto ad Lucium. 5. Ab eo ad 
Constantium, cum Notis Antiquitatum Britanni- 
carum. Atreb. 1597, oct. 

Historianim Britannia hiber seitus. Quo Vis 
Armorurn in Campis, S{ Authoritas Literarum in 
Scholis, atque Religio Christiana in Orbe Terra- 
rum publicata, demonstratur : cum Notis. Duac. 
1598, oct. 

Histor. Britan. Lib. 7. Quo versus ad cam In- 
sulam Saronum Ingrcssus,lf Permansio declaratur; 
cum Notis- Duac. I6OO, oct. 

Hist. Biit. Lib. 8. Quo vera Causa Excidii 
Regni Britonum in Insula demonstratur; cum 
Notis. Duac. 1600, oct. [See these eight books 
Budl. 8vo. U. 4. Art.] 

Hist. Brit. Lib. nonus. Quo Fundamenta Regni 
i) Ecclesia Anglorum in Insula Brit, exponuntur, 
cum Notis. Duac. 1602, oct. After this last was 
published, all the nine books were bound toge- 
ther, and had this general title put to them. 
Historiarum Britannicee Insula ab Origine Mundi 
ad Annum Domini octingentesimum, Libri novem 
priores. Duac. 1602, in a thick oct. [Bodl. Svo. 
U. 3. Art Scld.] Before llie preface to the reader 
is the autlior's picture, and before the begin- 
ning of the work itself are his arms, viz Parted 
f)er Chevron enibatled arg. and gul. three Roses, 
eaved vert, counter-changed ot the Field, on a 
chief of the second^ a Lyon passant, or; all within 
a bordure Ermine. The crest is, A stork or 
crane standing, resting its right foot on the top 
of an hour-glass. With this motto under all, 
Pius vigila. Allowed to our author count Rich. 

• [With two epistles from White to Johnson and John- 
•on to White, dated 16(54, 1565. Baker.J 



Whyte, with two dragons for the supporters, by 
sir Will. Dethick, garter principal king of arms, 
in allusion to the arms of nis kinsman. Dr. John 
Whyte, sometimes bishop of \^'inton, whose 
arms are quite different from those of his brother, 
sir Job. VVhyte lord mayor of London, an. 1563. 

Explicatio brevis Privilegiorum Jtiris 6; Consue- 
tudinis circa ven, Sacramentum Eucharistia. Duac. 
1609, oct. 

De Reliquiis ^ Veneratione Sanctorum. Duac. 
1609, aiul other things as you may elsewhere' 
see. At length this learned person dying at 
Doway in sixteen hundred and twelve, or there- 
abouts, was buried in the parish church of St. 
James there. Contemporary with him in New 
coll. was one Will. Pomerell chaplain of that 
house, who taking the degree of bach, of arts 
in 1557, went afterwards to his native country of 
Ireland, and became beneficed in Drogheda. 
From thence he went to Lovain, where by con- 
tinual hearing of lectures and disputations, more 
than by private stud}', he obtained great know- 
ledge in divinity, gaining thereby (as 'twas usually 
said of him) all his learning by hearsay. He 
died at Lovain in 1573, being then bach, of divi- 

[27 Martij 1557, dominus admissit magistrnm 
Ricardum Whit, S. T. B. ad vie. de Goodhurst, 
Cant. dioc. per resign. Steph'i Baker, cler. Reg^ 
Po/e, fol. 71. Kennet. 

There are a tenth and eleventh book of the 
Hist. Britannia, exceeding rare, in the library 
of James West esq. of Lincolns Inn. MS. note 
in Rennet's copu, but not in his hand writing. 

Whyte died in I6II. See a monument for 
him in the abbey church of St. Bertin at St. 
Omer, and my MS. Collections, vol. ii. p. 92. 
Cole.] 

NICHOLAS FITZHERBERT, second son 
of John Fitzherbert, second son of sir Anth. 
Fitzherbert, knight, (the great lawyer,) son of 
Ralph Fitzlicrbert of Norbury in Derbyshire, 
esq ; was a student in Exeter coll. and exhibited 
to by sir Will. Petre, about 1568, but what con- 
tinuance he made there 1 know not. Sure 'tis, 
that his bare name stands in the register called 
Matricula, under the titile of coll. Exon, in 
1571, and 72, he being then the senior under gra- 
duate of that college. About that time he left 
his native country, parents and patrimony for re- 
ligion sake, and went beyond the seas as a volun- 
tary exile. At first he settled at Bononia in 
Italy, purposely to obtain the knowledge of the 
civil law, and was living there in 1580. Not 
long after he went to Rome, took up his station 
there, and in the year 1587 began to live in the 
court of Will. Alan the cardinal of England, 
(whose person and virtues he much adored) and 
continued with him till the time of his death, 

9 In Jo. Pits. De illuslr. Angl. Script, xt. 17. nu. 1057. 



121 



BLACKWELL. 



I2i 



being then accounted eminent for his kiiowloflQ;c 
in both the hiws, and for human literature, llis 
works are, 

Oroiiicnsis in jInffUa jlcadctnix Descriptio. 
Horn. l()f)2. in 3 sheets and u half,' in o(!t. 
[Bodl. 8vo. C. 95. Art. Seld. and MS. Laud 
D. 142.] 

De Aiitiqiiitate <?f Couliiiuatioiie Cutholicx Re- 
ligiojiis in yJm^life, Rom. 1608, in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
F. 9. Th. Seld.] 

Vitef Cnidinalis Alani Epitome. [Bodl. 8vo. 
F. 9- Th. Seld.] He also translated from the 
Italian into the Latin tongue, Joh. Casa Galateus 
De MurUiuH. Rom. 1595. He was drowned in a 
l6l«. journey taken from Rome in sixteen hundred and 
twelve, but where or in what church buried, I 
know not, nor what his employment was after the 
death of the said cardinal, notwithstanding I 
have sent more than once to the English coll. at 
Rome for resolution, but have received no an- 
swer. 

[Fitzherbert died at Florence (as he was going to, 
" and not as he was returning from, Rome) and w as 

there buried, viz. in the abbey church of the Bene- 
dictines. So I am informed by my learned friend 
Dr. Richard Rawlinson, who was pleased to com- 
municate the epitaph to me as he transcribed it 
at Florence in his travels, sending me also at the 
same time another epitaph (much like that to the 
famous English lady, Rosamond Cliftbrd, com- 
monly called fair Rosamond) that he met with at 
Ravenna. They both here follow. 

On a grave stone in the church of the abbey of 
Benedictines at Florence, is this inscription at the 
entrance. 

D. O. M. 
NICOLAO FITZHERBERTO Anglo, qui ne 
patria teterrima impietate detenta ossa quidem 
naberet, Romam iiergens, ut in piae matris gre- 
mio deponeret, Fiorentiae obiit anno l6l2. aet. 
suae L. orthodoxam Religionem voluntarii exi- 
lii diuturnitate testatus, Monachi Angli, quo- 
rum studio (an, studia vel studium?) in propa- 
ganda fide mirifice coluit, viro optimo, nobili, 
et de Cassinensi Familia, ac Christiana Re- 
publica opt. mer. P. P. 

Tlie arms are a fountain playing water in an 
eschocheon. No colours.* 

In a church at Ravenna. 
Hie jacet in tumba Rosimvnda, et non Rosa 
munda Non redolet, set olet, qua- redolere solet. 
Heabne, Adam de 
Domeram, 1727. ii. 720, 721.] 

' [Reprinted by Mr. Thomas Hearne in the ninth volume 
of Mr. .John hchnA's Itinerary, 1712, 8vo. from a copy lent 
him by Mr. Kichard Rawlinson, B. A. of St. John's college, 
Oxon. Rawlinson.] 

* [These arms arc rather a device. Those of Fitzherbert 
of Derbyshire are Arg. a chief vaire Or et Gut, a bcndlct over 
all Sable. Cole.] 



GEORGE BLACKWELF., a Middle^-x man 
born, wa& udmitted »<:holar of Trinity coll. at 17 
years of age, 27 May \Mi, probationer in 66, 
being then bnch of art<t, perpetual fellow the year 
following, imd master of niit faculty in 67. But his 
mind bemg more tuldicted to the Cutholic, tlian 
reformed religi;jn, he left his fellowship, and re- 
tired to Gloucester-hall for a time, where he wh 
held in good repute by Edm. Rainoldn and Tbo. 
Alleti, the two learned itciiiors. Afterwards go- 
ing beyond tlie seas, where he spent mjtnt titn« in 
one of the English seminaries, newly erected to 
receive exil'd Catholics of the English natioo, 
was at length, in the year 1598, constituted by 
Henry, cardinal Cajetane, protector of the Eng- 
lish nation at Rome, (with Iruvc first obtained 
from P. Clem. 8.) the superior of the English 
clergy, with the power and name of ' arehprie»t 
of England,' and by the said pope made notary 
of the apostolic seat. This matter being taken 
very ill by the ecclesiastical papists of our nation, 
and the rather for this reason, that Blackwell was 
altogether at the beck of Henr. Garnet,' provin- 
cial of the Jesuits of England, they fell * together 
by the cars in their own country in a most griev- 
ous manner. For the Jesuits again.'it the secular 
priests fought continually with sharp pens, poi- 
soned tongues, and contumelious books, insomuch 
that they detracted in an high degree from Black- 
well's authority. Hereupon he degraded them 
of their faculties, so that afterwards they appeal- 
ing to the pope of Rome, he caused them in n 
book to be declared schismatics and heretics. 
This aspersion they soon wiped ofl", having the 
censure of the university of Paris approving tlie 
satne, which was answered by Blackwell, as I shall 
tell you anon. The office of archpriest he kept 
till 1GU7, at which time George Birket, a learned 
priest, succeeded. And the reason * of the change 
was, because our author having been tak^n near 
Clerkenwell by London 24 June the same year, 
was committed first to the Gatehouse in V('e«t- 
minster, and afterwards to the Clink in South- 
wark, and conscquctitly deprived of liberty re- 
quired to act in his office. Soon after, upon his 
taking the oath of tdlegiance, he was freed I'rom 
the Clink, and set at liberty. Concerning « liicb 

' [Hen. Garnet, Oxon. acad. V. fiombiouin, lit. Cam- 
piani, p. 47. C:ip. 11. Haker. 

Foulis, in his Rom. Treasons, givc^ a Life of father Gar- 
net; at p. 6ti6 says, that he was educated al Winchester 
schole, but never entered at Oxford. CoLi.] 

♦ Vide Camh. Jmial Rrg. Elh. sub. an. \6ot. [Edit, by 
Hearne. p. })0().] See also A ndaiion of a Faction trguf al 
WisHch, an. 1595, &c. Printed KiOl. p. 57. 

' [The reason, rather, seems to me to have been, because 
of the suspicions the EnKlish Catholics, as wcU as cardinal 
BcUarmine, had uf him in uikin^ the oath of allcgiauce. Sec 
that cardinal's Letters tu him, wuh his .Answer, and his Ex- 
aminaiion before the privy council, Fobr. I. lC07, in a 4to. 
book, printed ihat year, in my possession, containing hi* 
Examination of 170 pages, exclusive of the said Lruert. V.. 
my miicellany paaiphlets, vol. xxv. N'2. Cole.] 



[S8S) 



123 



BODLEY. 



124 



matter there was a book published entit. The Ex- the hand of Blackwell, and subscribed by him as 
amination * of George Blackwell, upon Occasion fit for the press. So that no other name being 
of kit answering a Letter sent bt/ Cardinal Bellar- put to it, hath caused our Hbrarians to insert him 
mine, who blamed him for taking the Oath of m the Catalogue of MISS, as the author of it; 
jlllegiance.'' Lond. 1607, qu. As tor those things whereas he Wiis not, but rather Franc. Tresham, 
which were written by our autlior Blackwell, who as I have told you elsewhere. He, the said Black- 
was by those of his persuasion, and others too, well, died suddenly, (iiaving been much troubled 
accounted a learned and pious man, and a good with swooning fits) on the 12th of January in 
preacher, the titles of them follow. sixteen hundred and twelve, and was buried, as 

Letter to Card. Cajetane in Commendation of I conceive, in some church in London. [■''84] 

the English Jesuits. — Written 159(). {^An Amwer nuide bj/ one of our Brethren, a secular 

Ansnvrs upon sundry Examinations, while he Priest nozc in Prison, to a fraudulent Letter of M 
teas a Prisoner. Lond. l607, qu. 



Approbation of the Oath of Alle- 

the Romish Priests f , 



glance 

Letters to 



ted with 

touchin<r the Lan fulness of takine?' """ c, 
the Oath of Allegiance. ^V "P^"' ^cc. 

Another to the same Purpose. ^ 

Epistolre ad Anglos Poutificios. Lond. l009, qu. 

Epistolee ad Rob. Card, liellarmiuum. See 
more in the third tome of the works* of Melch. 
Goldasti Haiminsfeldii, from pag. 3(i5, to 605. 
[Bodl. E. 2. 6. Art. Seld.] 



George Blackzcell, written to Cardinal Cajetane, 
lo9G. Newly imprinted l602,4to. 1*. 3. ' Your fa- 
ther was indeed a pewterer by Newgate, in London, 
a man of honest occupation it is most true, but 
not the best neighbour to dwell by. — About 
twenty years since, to my remembrance, you 
were imprisoned in London, but your brother, 
being the bishop of London's register, by favour 
procured your release very shortly after.' 

' Touching M. Blackwell, who you praise for 
quietness, learning and vertue, true it is, that for 
such a one lie was taken before these stirres be- 



Answer to the Censure of Paris in suspending gan, and for such a one I have known hiui many 

the Secular Priest's Obedience to his Authority. — veers together. And if the bishop or archbishop 

dat. 29 May 1600. Replyed upon by Joh. Dorel nad been made by election, I should have given 

or Darrel, dean of Agen, the same year. See my voice to him, so soon as to any man 1 know 

more in a book intit. Relation of a Faction begun in England. But,'&c. Dr. Ely, Notes on Apolo- 

at Wisbich, in 1595, &c. Printed 1601, in qu. gie, 8vo. p. 104. Kennet. 



p. 81. Afterwards was a book printed intit. In 
Geor. Blackcellum Questio bipartita, written b^' 
Joh. Milson. — Lond. l609, but whether it relates 
to the said controversy, 1 cannot tell, for 1 have 
not yet seen it. 

A Treatise against Lying, and fraudulent Dissi- 
mulalion.-^—Mii. among those given to Bodley's 
lib. by archb. Laud. qu. E. 45.' At the end of 
which is the approbation of the book written by 

* \^Examinalion ofJIr. Gen. Blackwell befors llie L. Areh- 
lishi'p of Canterbury , in Dec. lf)07, with K.. Fames' s viargiital 
notes upon it, in his »iajrsli/'s oun hand, wherein by reason (if 
exceptions against Card. lielarmine he sets down his judgment 
concerning the duties which subjects owe to their soi:ereign ^ 
consequentli/ nil Catholic Englishmen to K. James. MS. 
Harl. 6807," 190.] 



A Letter concerning Popish Plots, written by 
Blackwell, will be found in MS. Cotton, Titus, 
B vii. 466.] 

THOMAS BODLEY, another Ptolemy, is the 
next person, according to time and order, that 
must crave place; who, tho' no writer worth 
the remembrance, yet hath he been the greatest 
promoter of learning that hath yet appeared 
m our nation. He was eldest son of John Bud- 
ley of the city of Exeter (b\- Joan his wife, 
daughter and heir of Rob. Hone of Otterie 
S. Mary in Devon, esq;) son of Joh. Bodiey 
of Tiverton, second son of John Bodiey of 
Dunscumbe, near Crediton in Devon, gent, was 
born in the said city of Exeter, 2 Mar. 1544, 



' [In 1574, hi quitted his fellowship and was admitted P.'>'"^ly educated in grammar learning in the said 
in Dowgatc college; so that supposing he went to Borne that C'ty, but mostly HI Geneva, wlule his father lived 
year, in 1()07 it was only thirly-three years since the com- 
mencement of the acquaintance between cardinal Bellarmine 
and him. However that cardinal, in the gross, reckons it 



about 40 years: his words in his Letter to him from Rome, 
28. Sept. l6u7, are these ' Venerabilis in Christo Domine 
frater, Anni stmt fere quadraginta quod inviceni non videri- 
mus ; sed ego tamen vetetis nostra consuetudinis nuaquam 
oblilus sum,' &c. Coi,i!.] 

» Francof. l6l3. in fol. 

' [Many words and sentences wrere blotted out in this MS. 
(by Henry Garnet the Jesuit, who was the corrector there- 
of), but so as ihcy might plainly be read and understood ; 
which are underscored, and what was written and added, by 
the said Garnet, are put down, in their several places, in the 
margin of the copy 1 have, very fairly written by William 
Walker, notary public. See his advertisement to the reader. 

*V AlfLEY.] 



there as a voluntary exile in the time of Q. Marv; 
where, tho' he was then very young, yet he was 
an auditor of Chcvalerius in Hebrew, of Beroal- 
dus in Greek, of Calvin and Beza in divinity, and 
of some other professors in the university there, 
(then newly erected,) besides his domestical 
teachers in the house of Philebertus Saracenus, u 
famous physician in that city, (with whom he was 
boarded,) where Rob. Consumtinus, that made 
the Greek Lexicon, read Homer to him. After 
the death of Q. Mary he returned into England 
with his father, and was sent to Magd. coll. in 
1559, where making great proficiency in logic 
and philosophy mider Mr. Laur. Humpluey, was 



i 



125 



BODLEY. 



196 



admitted bach., of arts in Jul. 1.563, and soon after 
being elected probationer of Merton coil, deter- 
mined in the Lent following. In 15().5, he, by 
the perswasion of some of the fellows of that 
house, and for his private exercise, did read 
publicly for some years a (jireek lecture in the hall 
of that coll. williout expectation of any reward or 
stipend for his labour : Nevertheless it pleased 
the society to allow him soon atier, of their own 
accord, four marks by the year. In 15WJ, he was 
admitted master of arts; which degree being com- 
pleated, he read nat. philosophy for an year iti 
the pub. schools then situated on the East side of 
Schoolstreet, in 1.5()<) he was elected junior 
proctor of the university; which ofHce he per- 
tormingwith great commendations, bestowed some 
time in the study of sundry faculties, without any 
inclination to profess an}' one above the rest. At 
length being desirous to travel beyond the seas, 
for the obtaining of the knowledge of some spe- 
cial modern tongues, and for the increase of liis 
experience in the managing of affairs, (to no other 
end but to imploy himself, and all his cares, in 
the public service of the state,) did, with the leave 
from warden and society of his coll. depart Eng- 
land, with the allowance belonging to a traveller, 
an. 1576, and continued near 4 years in Italy, 
France, and Germany. Afterwards returning to 
his coll. he remained there for some time in 
studying politics and historical affairs, and in 1583 
he was made esquire of the body to Q. Elizabeth. 
At length in 1585, having about that time married 

Anne the daughter of Carew of the city 

of Bristol, (the rich widow, as I have heard, of 
one Ball) was imployed by the queen to Erederick 
K. of Denmark, J nlii's duke of Brunswick, Wil- 
liam lantgrave of Hesse, and other German 
princes. Which imployment being faithfully 
performed, he was sent to K. Hen. 3. of Erance, 
at what time he was forced by the duke of Guise 
to leave Paris. In 1588, he was sent to the Hague 
for the better conduct of the queen's affairs in 
the United Provinces; where making his resi- 
dence for some years, was admitted one of their 
council of state, took place in their assemblies 
next to count Maurice, and gave a suffrage in all 
that was proposed. Jn 1593, he returned into 
England for a time, to look after his private csUite, 
but w as soon after remanded to the Hague again 
by the Q. where continuing near one year, re- 
turned again to deliver some secret overtures to 
her, and to perforin thereupon an extraordinary 
service. Soon after, she applauding the fruit of 
his discoveries, he was presently commanded to 
return to the states, with charge to pursue those 
affairs to performance, which he had secretly pro- 
posed. At length, all things being concluded, 
and brought to the desired issue, he procured his 
last revocation, in 1597. At his return, as beft)re 
in his absence, Burleigh, the lord treasurer, tlid 
several times tell the queen, that there was not 



any man in Engliuid ito meet oit Budlcy to no* [385] 
dergo the office of secretury, by reason of hit 
well-trycd wisdom in the Low-Country afTairn, in. 
tending that he Mhould be colleague witli his hoq 
Hob. Cecill. But the earl of l>scx coinmeiidiug 
him also to the (lueen in a higher manner, not 
without biting calumnintionit of ('erill, Burleigli 
found means to divert llie queen'ii mind frun 
him, sup|>oi*ing tiiat E-hkcx endeavoured to gaio 
him to his jtarty against Burleigh and Cecil). So 
that Mr. Iknlley being eaM.-d of ever expecting 
that troublesome oihce, he retired from the <-ourt, 
and wholly commended himself to the cart- aiul 
provision for learning, worthy indeed llie care of 
the greatest king. For alnjut that time i>^-iting 
up his staff at the library door in Oxford, did re- 
store, or rather new found it ; the particular* of 
which I have ' elsewhere told you. After K. James 
came to the crown, he received the honour of 
knighthood from him, and a few year» before hU 
death, wrote, 

His Life, — an. l60f). Which being kept aa a 
choice rarity in the archives of his library was 
published at Oxon. 1647- qu. [Bodl. 4to. VV. 14. 
Art. 8eld. and again by Heame, in the Relii/uim 
liodteianec, 8vo. 1703. J But this little thing, is 
not the reason that I put him among the Oxford 
writers, but because by his noble and genenios 
endeavours, he hath been the occasion of making 
hundreds of public writers, and of advancing in 
an high degree the comm<mwealth of learning ; in 
which respect he should have craved the iirst 
place : but I have put him liere, according to the 
time of his death, which is the method I ob- 
serve. 

Letters of State. — Some of which I have seen 
published, not in one vol. but scattcredly. 

Letters relating to Books and Leariiittg. Writ- 
ten to Mr. Tho. James — MS. in his lib. He paid 
his last debt to nature 28 Jan. in sixteen hundred 
and twelve, and was buried with very great solem- 
nity at the upper end of Merton coll. choir. The 
manner of wliich you may sec at large in Hist, if 
Jiitiq. Univ. Oxon. lib. 1. p. .3'2(). The reader 
may be pleased now to untlerstand tliat Dr. Job. 
Morris, canon of Ch. Ch. did bequeath to the uni- 
versity of Oxon. a rent-charge of 5l. per an. tt) be 
given to a master of arts that should make and 
speak a speech in praise of sir Tho. Bodlev, every 
year on tlie 8ih of Nov. (on which day the visi- 
tation of his library is commonly made,) to be 
nominated by the dean of Ch. Ch. and confirme>d 
by the vice-chancellor for the time being. But 
the said gift was not to take place till the death 
of his w idow. At length upon her decease, which 
was at Great Wolford in Warwickshire, II Nov. 
1681. (she being then the wife of Tho. Keyt of 
that place, gent.) the said annuity fell to the uni- 

■ In Ilitt. £5f /fn/ij. Unic. Oxoa. lib 1. p. 308. Lb. ». 
p. 60, 51. 



127 



VVAUMINGTON. 



128 



versity. AVlierciipon the year following, Dr. 
Fell, dean of C'li. Cli. nouiinating one of his own 
house, (Tho. Sparke, M.A.) there was a solemn 

Seech made by him in the schola linguarum, on 
e 8 Nov. 1G8'2. Which speech is yet conti- 
nued by Ch. Ch.'men, without any regard had 
to those of All-souls coll. wherein Dr. Morris had 
much of his education, and had been chaplain 
thereof, or to any master of another coll. of hall.' 
The said sir Thorn. Bodley had a younger bro- 
ther named Josias Bodley, who having received 
part of his education in Merton coll. became af- 
terwards a soldier of note in Ireland, a knight, 
and overseer of the trenches when the English 
laid siege to Kingsale, Baltamore, Bcrchaven, 
and Castlehaven in Ireland, holden against them 
bj' the Irish, assisted by the Spaniard, an. l601. 
at which time Bodley behaved himself bravely 
both in their works and battle. He left behind 
him to posterity, (1) Observations concerning the 
Fortresses of Ireland, and the British Colonies of 
Ulster. MS. fol. sometimes in the library of sir 
Jam. Ware, now perhaps in that of Henry E. of 
Clarendon. (2) ^jocular Description of a Jour- 
ney by him taken to Lecale in Ulster, an. 1602. 
Ms. Sometimes in the same library. 

[Of Tho. Bodley, see Winwood's Memorials, 
vol. ii, p. 45, 57, &c. vol. iii, p. 429, 432, &c. 
See Prince's Worthies, p. 84. Baker. 

Reliquite Bodleiana, or some genuine Remains 
of Sir Tho. Bodley, containing his Life, Sfc. and 
Letters to Dr. James, Sfc. published from the Ori- 
ginals in the Bodley Library, Lond. 8vo. 1703. 
pages 383. besides a preface of 14 pages. From 
this Life and Letters, Mr. Wood has taken the 
chief materials of this article. It appears from 
letters 184, p. G9B, and 229, p. 35ti, that sir 
Thomas was of the Calvinistical party in the 
University. Out of 234 Letters not above 2 are 
dated; which renders the little historical matter 
in them of less value : they wholly turn on 
buying and sorting books, building the li- 
brary and other matters relating to that subject. 
Cole. 

It is surely unnecessary to repeat the praises of 
such a man as sir Thomas Bodley, a man whose 
name will only perish with that of his country. 
The obligations which literature owes to the ex- 
ertions of this individual can only be estimated 
by those who have opportunity as well as occasion 
to consult the inestimable treasures he bequeathed 
to the place of his education. And it is with a 
mingled sensation of gratitude and pride, that 
the Editor of these Athene acknowleges the 

» Viz. Zacheus Isham, an. l683. Char. Hickman, l684. 
Tho. Newey, IfiSS. Tho. Burton, 1686. Will. Bedford 

i?f^-«?i''^- "'''•^O'^ay. '688. Rog. Altham, jun. 1680. 
Edw. Wake, l6<)0. j » 

. . ' n^'V^^'^'^'^'°" ™^^ ^^'■'^ been spared : Dr. Morris, in 
his will, havin-^cxpressly directed, that this speech should 
be spokea by a Chnst-church man. Tanner.] 



assistance he receives from the Bodleian Li- 
brary, an institution which he boldly asserts to 
be the most useful as well as the most magnificent 
in the universe. 

We only add, 1 . jin Account of an ./Agreement 
bcticeen Q. Elizabeth and the United Provinces, 
therein she supported them, and they stood not to 
their ylgreement. Printed by Heame in his edi- 
tion of Camden's Elizubetha, page 928. 

2. Various Letters on public aH'airs in the Cot- 
ton MSS. Lambeth MSS. and Hari. MSS. 

An original portrait of Bodley by Cornelius 
Jansen is preserved in his library. This has been 
engraved by Burghers in the frontispiece to the 
Catalogus MSS. Angl. et Ilibern. And in a very 
superior style by Scriven for the Illustrious Per- 
sonages of Great Britain by Lodge. In the 
Bodleian library is a marble bust of Bodley given 
to the university by Sackville, earl of Dorset, then 
chancellor.] 

WILLIAM WARMINGTON, a Dorsetshire f38G] 
man bom, was, as a member of Hart-hall, (then 
presided by one, who was always in animo Catho- 
licus,) matriculated, 20 Dec. 1577, aged 21 or 
more, having been there a student for some time 
before. Shortly after he left the nation, and his 
religion, and spending some years in a seminary, 
in philosophical and theological studies, was made 
a priest, and sent into the mission of England ; 
but being soon after taken, he was, with others, 
conveyed on shipboard in the month of Feb. 1584, 
and sent beyond the seas, with great menaces of 
utter ruin if they returned again. Afterwards 
being noted in foreign countries by those of his 
own nation for his learning and piety, he was 
made chaplain to cardinal W. Allen, with whom 
continuing till about the time of his death, did 
return again into England, being then, as he stiles 
himself, ' an oblate of the holy congregation of 
S. Ambrose,' and did execute his function very 
zealously among the brethren. At length bein" 
apprehended by two pursevants 24 Mar. 1607, 
and committed prisoner to the Clinke in South- 
wark, the next day, according to the English ac- 
compt, by the bishop of London's order, he en- 
tred somewhat more deeply into consideration of 
the controversy about the oath of allegiance, than 
he had done before, while at liberty. So that in 
the end, making sufficient proof of his loyalty to- 
wards his majesty, by accepting of the oath, when 
it was required of him, he did thereupon preme- 
ditate and provide reasons for so doing; and, at 
length, reducing into method, for the help of his 
memory, certain notes in scattered papers that 
he had collected concerning that matter, did 
frame thence a compleat discourse. At length, 
after it had lain by him for some time, did publish 
it under this title, (tho' he knew 'twould dis- 
please his holiness, who in his breves had either 
admonished or prohibited all Rom. Catholics to 



129 



WOLCOMHl': 



TWYNE. 



130 



take the oath of allegiance, or to teach the law- 
fulness of it) 

A moderate Defence of the Oath of A/legiaiice : 
Wherein the Author proveth the said Oath to be 
most lawful, notwithstanding the Pope's Breves, 
&t;. — Printed by permission of the superiors, in 
l(il2. qu. Wliereunlo is added, The Oration of 
P. Sixtus V. in the Consistory of Home, upon the 
Mnrther of K. Hen. 'J. the French King, bu a 
Fryer. [Bodl. 4to. C. 60. Tli.] 

Strange Reports, or News from iJo/ne.— Printed 
with the former book. Upon the publishing of 
these things, the friends of the author VVar- 
mington, and his kindred of the Rom. persua- 
sion, became his enemies, and withdrew from 
him all the benevolence they used to allow him. 
Warmington therefore being put to his shifts for 
maintenance, for this his loyalty and obedience, 
petitioned •• the king for some allowance. His 
petition thereupon was received, and he com- 
mended by his majesty to Dr. Bilson, bishop of 
Winchester, with order to take him to himself to 
his own house, there to provide for him. The 
bishop obeyed, Warmington lived with him, 
wanted nothing, had his liberty as he pleased, and 
freedom of his religion. 

ROBERT WOLCOMBE,or Wollocombe, 
born of, and descended from, the antient and 
genteel family of the Wollocombes of Wollo- 
combe in Devonshire, was educated for a time in 
Exeter coll. left the university without a degree, 
and became beneficed in his own country, wliere 
he was much resorted to, especially by the precise 
party, for his frequent and edifying way of preach- 
mg. His works are. 

Sinners Salve, which applied and practised, as 
well of Impenitent, may be moved to Conversion, 
as the Penitent armed against Disputation. Load. 
1595. in tw. 
% Armour for the Soul against the Assaults of 

Death. — Printed with Sinners Salve, 8cc. 

A Glass for the Godly ; containing many com- 
fortable Treatises to perswade Man from the Love 
of' this World, to the Love of the World to come, 
[387] &c. Lond. 1612. oct. in two parts. [Bodl. 8vo. 
W. 25. Th.] The first dedicated to sir Edw. 
Seymour of Bury-pomery in Devon, containeth 
7 treatises, which are no other than the effect of 
sermons. The first is entit. The Seeking of Heaven, 
on Mat. 6. 33. The second part dedicated to sir 
Edward Giles, Kt. containeth likewise 7 treatises, 
the first of which is entit. Spiritual Balm for the 
afflicted, on Job. l6. 20. 

A Letter to a pensive Friend. — Printed and 
bound with the former parts. He also translated 
from Lat. into English, The Restitution of a Sin- 
ner, entit. The Restoring again of him that was 
fallen. Lond. 1581. [and 1588 s] oct. Written 

♦ Rog. Widdrington in his Dispulalio Theologica dejur. Fi- 
del, cap. 10. Sect. 4. p. 397. 

Vol. H. 



by St. John Clirysostome. What other thirxgs lie 
hath written and translated, i cannot tell, nor 
when he died. I find one of both his names, a 
minister's son of J>evonshire, to have been matri-* 
culated as a member of Exeter coll. an. 1584. 
aged l6, whicii 1 take to be son to the writer. 

[State of the Godly both in this Life, and in the 
Life to come: delivered in a Sermon at Chudleigh 
in Devon, at the Fiineralls of the right Korshipfull 
the Ladie Elizabeth Courtney the W.of November, 
IG05. And published for the Inst nut ion and 
Consolation oj the Faithfull. By R. fV. Minister. 
W hereunto is annexed the Chrutlan Life and godly 
Death of the sayd worshipfull Lady Elizabeth 
Courtney. London, \(Mi, 8vo. Text, llev. vii, 
13, 14, 15, 16, 17. Dedicated to the worshipfull 
his good friend Thomas Clifford esq.'] 

THOMAS TWYNE, son of Joh. Twyne, 
mention'd under the year 1581, was born in the 
city of Canterbury, admitted scholar of C. C. 
coll. 6 Jul. 1560, and probationer y Nov. 1564, 
being then bac. of arts. Afterwards proceeding 
in his faculty, he applied his muse to the study 
of medicine, retired to Cambridge, where he con- 
tinued for a time, and then settling at Lewes in 
Sussex, where his patron Tho. lord Buckhursc 
lived, practised his faculty and became success- 
ful therein. In 1593, he was admitted bach, of 
physic of this university, and afterwards being 
doctorated at Cambridge, was famed not only for 
medicine, but astrology, and much respected bj 
Dee and Allen. He liath written. 

Almanacks and Prognostications for divers 
Years. — Printed in the time of qu. Elizabetli, and 
then much valued, as Dee's were. 

The Garland of' Godly Flowers, carefully col- 
lected out of the Garden of the Holy Scripture, 8tc. 
Lond. [1574, Imprinted by William How, Bodl. 
8vo. Z. 103. Th.] 1589. [1602] in tw. And did 
also translate from Lat. into English ( 1 ) The Bre- 
viary of Britayne, &,c. containing a learned Dis- 
course of the variable Estate and Alteration there- 
of, &c. Lond. 1573. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. L. 36. Art, 
Seld.] Written by Hump. Lhuyd. This trans- 
lation being esteemed very good of its time, was 
usher'd into the world by the copies of verses of 
Thorn. Brown, prebendary, and Edw. Grant, 
ach(X)lmaster of Westminster, Lodowick Lhuyd, 
Laurence and Joii. Twyne, brethren to the trans- 
lator. (2) The Dialogue of IVitches, in Fore-time 
called Lot-tellers, now commonly called Sorcerers. 
Lond. 1575. oct. written by Lamb. Dana^us. 

(3) Christian natural Philosophy concerning the 
Form, Knowledge, and Use of all Things created, 
&c. Lond. 1578. qu. written by the said Dana;us. 

(4) New Counsel against the Plague. Lond. in 
oct. written by Pet. Droet. (5) Ine Tragedies of 
Tyrants, exercised upon the Church of God, from 



' [Herbert, Typ. Antiq 
^ [Hearne's MS 



p. 1358.] 
CoUeclions, vol. Ixxxvi, p. 43.1 

K 



131 



WILLIAMS. 



132 



i6i3. 



the Birth of Christ, to 1572. Lond. 1575. oct. 
written by Htn. Bullcnger. (6) Physic against 
Fortune, as well prosperous as adverse. Lib. 2. 
Lond. 1579. qu. [Bodl. 4to. P. 57. Jur.] Writ- 
ten by Franc. Pctrark. (6) The Eleventh, 12, 
and 13 Hooks of Virgil's Aineids.'' Lond. [1573,] 
1584, [1596,] and 16^0. qu. \\ hich translation 
shews him (Tho. Twyiic) to be a tolerable Eng- 
lish poet. The nine first books of the .said author 
were translated by Thom. Phaer, as I iiave be- 
fore told you under the year 1560 ; the tenth also 
was began by him, but he dyin^ before he had 
done half of it, it was taken in hand by our au- 
thor Twyne, and by him finished 2.3 May 1573. 
At length after he had obtained a considerable 
estate by his practise at Lewes in Sussex before- 
mentioned, died there on the first of Aug. in 
si.\teen hundred and thirteen, aged 70, whereupon 
his body was buried in the chancel of the church, 
usually called S. Anne, but more properly S. 
Peter and S. Mary Westout in Lewes. Over his 
grave was soon after a brass fixed to the East w.iU 
of the said chancel, having engraven thereon 14 
verses ; a copy of whi<,'h, you may read in Hist. 
Sf Jridq. Univ. Oion. lib. 2. p. 238. a. 

[Tho. Tw\me, A. M. Oxon. incorporat. Cant. 
1580, et M. D. anno sequenti. Regist. Baker. 

He was a great benefactor to the Bodleian 
library the year previous to his death, when he 

S resented it with about a hundred and twenty 
ISS. We may add to his publications : 

1 . The Sitrvrye of the World, or Situation of 
the Earth, no nmrhe as is inhabited, &c. First 
TCritten in Greeke by Dionise Alexandrine, and now 
englished hyTho. Twine Gentl. Imp. at Lond. by 
Hen. Bynncman, 1572. (Bodl. 8vo. B.278. Line.) 
Ded. to William Lovelace, esq. serjeant at law. 

2. Address to all Students of the Frenche Tongue, 
prefixed to Holly bande's French Schoolemaister, 
8vo. 1573. 

3. The Schoolemaster, or Teacher of Table Phi- 
losophic : A most pleasant and merie Companion, 
wel worthy to be welcomed, &c. Gathered out of 
divers the best approved Auclours. Lond. 1576, 4to. 
See account of, and extracts from, this book in 
Censura Literaria, v. 126, &c. 

4. A skorte and pithie Discourse concerning the 
engendering Tokens and Effects of all Earthquakes 
in generalt: Particularly applied to that 6 April 
1580. 4to. Licensed in that year. See Herbert's 
Typ. Antiq. pag. 1043. 

5. Dedication, to lord Buckhurst, of his father's 
Lib. de Rebus Alhonicis, 8vo. 1590. 

6. Epitaph vpon the Death of the worshipfull 

' [Anth. a Wood, in his account of Thomas Phayer and 
Thomas Twyne, hath committed a very great mistake in 
making XIII books of Virgil's ^n. There being but XII, 
and the 13th book of JV.th. being a supplement by Maphseus 
Vcgius. Hearne. Ms. Collect. Ixxxvi. p. 20. Wood 
had never seen the book itself, as the title-page gives us pre- 
cisely what Hearne has just advanced. See Herbert's Typ. 
Anttq. p. 777.] 



Mayster Richarde Edzeardes, late Mayster of the 
Children in the Queene's Maiesties' ChiipeH. (See 
vol. i. col. 353) from which I extract the follow- 
ing : 

If teares could tell my thought, 
or plaints could paint my paine. 

If doubled sighes could shew my smart, 
if wayling were not vaine ; 

If gripes that gnaw my brest 
coulde well my griefe expresse, 

My teares, my plaints, mj' sighes, my way- 
ling neuer should surcesse ; 

By meane whereof I might 
vnto the world disclose 

The death of such a man (alas!) 
as chaunced vs to lose, &c. &c. 

Tliis is sufficient, it is hoped, to be given as an 
example of Twyne's original poetry. It is taken 
from Turberviile's Epitaphes, Epigrams, Songs 
and Sonets, Svo. 1570, fol. 77, b. a copy of which 
is among Wood's books, N° 89-] 

JOH>J WILLIAMS, a Cacrmarthenshire- 
man born, became a student in the university 
1569, was elected fellow of All-souls coll. in 1579, 
being tlien master of arts. Afterwards he was 
made parson of Llanderico, Margaret professor, 
dean of Bangor (in the place of Rich. Parry, 
promoted to the see of S. Asaph) doctor of div. [388] 
and at length principal of Jesus coll. He hath 
written, 

De Christi Justitia <Sr in Regno spirituali Ec- 
clesiee Pastorum Officio, Concio ad Clerum, Oxon. 
in cap. 10. Rev. vers. 1. Oxon. 1597. qu. He 
also published Kog. Bacon's book De retardandis 
Senectutis Accidentibus, Sf Sensibiis confirmattdis. 
Oxon. 1590. in oct. He died on the fourth of 
Sept. in sixteen hundred and thirteen, and was i6l3 
buried, as I suppose, in the church of S. Michael 
in Oxon. In his Margaret professorship suc- 
ceeded Dr. Seb. Benetield, in his deanery Edra. 
Griffith, and in his principality Griffith Powell, 
of all whom, mention shall be made in their re- 
spective places. 

[He (Jo. Williams) was vicechancellor of Oxon. 

1604, and installed dean of Bangor, May the 8th 

1605. The parsonage, which j'ou call Llanderico 
is Llandrinio in com. Salop, and dioc. of St. 
Asaph, to which he was instituted Jan. 30. 1692,' 
being then B. D. Humphreys. 

Libellus Rogerii Baconi Angli doctissimi, Ma- 
thematici,et Medici, de retardantis Senectudis Acci- 
dentibus, et de Se/isibus conservandis. Item Li- 
bellus Ursonis Medici, de primarum Qualitatvm 
Arcanis et Effectibus. Uterque affxis ad Margi- 
nem notulis illustratus et emendatus, in Lucem pro- 
diet Opera Johannis Williams Oxoniensis, Cujus 
sequitvr Tractatus Philosophicus de Humorum Nu- 
mero et Ncrtura, &i.c. Oxoniae 1590, Svo. pp. 134. 
(Bodl. 8vo. B. 5. Med. Seld.) In epist. ded. 

• [Sic. apog. forsan 1602, Hearme.] 



133 



OVERIJURY. 



134 



* Inclytissimo heroi suinina pietate et sapientia 
prajdito, domino Christophero Hattono, magno 
Anglise Cancellario, &.c. — Ante aliquot annos — 
quod unicum habcri ineipsum tibi ut aluninum 
obtuli. Ab eo tempore sub alis et velo amplitu- 
dinis tuae summo ocio literario usus, acadeuiicis 
studiis laete et libefre incubui: ita ut ingratitudinis 
nota ia me videretur, tantum beneflcluni, tantum 
officio non conipensare, stuporis non meminisse, 
negligentiae per silentium praaterire malitise non 
agnoscere.' Kennet. 

The following commendatory lines are pre- 
fixed to Vaughan's Golden Grove, I6O8. Bodl. 
Bvo. V. 10. Art. BS. 

Carmen Etnblematicum. 

Aureum longe nemus hoc amoeno8 
Vincit hortos Hesperidum nitore, 
Aureus fructus pariunt quotainiis 
Arborcs coelo radios ab alto 
Hie habent frondes. Locus his amoenus, 
Quo Deum Musa; recolunt sub umbris, 
Quo canunt laetac volucres sub umbris, 
Quo novum lumen rutilat sub umbris 
Non vepres, spina;, tribuli, myricae 
Hie vigent, musis locus est dicatus. 
Aureas plantas alit hie sacrato 
Rore Vaughannus, pietatis liortus 
Crescit e plantis : pietatis author 
Servet has plantas, precor, a malorum 

Fulmine tutas. 

Johannes Williams S. TheologiiE doctor 
et publicus professor in Academia Oxoniensi.] 

THOMAS OVERBURY, son of Nich. Over- 
bury of Boorton on the Hill, near to Morton in 
Marsh, in Glocestershire esquire, by Mary his 
wife, daughter of Giles Palmer of Comptou- 
Scorfen in the parish of Ilmington in Warwick- 
shire, was born at Comptoii-Scorfen in the house 
of his mother's father, and educated partly in 
grammar learning in those parts, in Michaelmas 
term, an. 1595, he became agent, commoner of 
Queen's coll. in the year of his age 14, where by 
the benefit of a good tutor and severe discipline, 
he made great proficiency in logic and philoso- 
phy. In 1598, he, as a squire's son, took the 
degree of bach, of arts, which being compleated 
by determination in the lent following, he left 
• In one of the university, and settled for a time 
the Temples, in* the Middle-Temple, where he 
First Kdit. i,aji before been entred in order to 
study the municipal laws. Afterwards he tra- 
velled for a time, and returned a most accom- 
Elished person, which the happiness" of his pen 
oth in poetry and prose doth declare. About 
the time of the coronation of king Jam. I. he 
became familiar with sir Rob. Carre Kt. ofthe 
Bath, who perceiving him to be a person of good 
parts and abilities, and withal sober and studious, 



did take him nearer to him, and made iiim liii 
bosom friend. Soon after Carre being in great 
favour with the king, he not only procured Over- 
bury to be knighted at Greenwich ly June H)<)8, 
but his father to be made one of the Judges ia 
Wales about that time. But so it was tluit a fa- 
miliarity being made between Carre, then vis- 
count llochestcr, and the lady Frances, duugliicr 
of Thomas earl of Suffolk and wife of Robert E. 
of Essex, it did so much distaste Overbury, who 
knew her to be a woman of no good rcputittion, 
that lie endeavoured out of pure affection and 
friendship to dissuade Carre from her company, 
fearing withal (upon very good grounds then on 
foot) that he might in the end marry her, and so 
consequently ruin his honour and himself, adding 
that ' if he went on in that business, he would do 
well to look to his standing.' Which advice 
Cane taking impatiently, because thereby he liad 
touch'd the lady in her honour, discovered all 
to her. Whereupon she thinking that he might 
prove a great obstacle to their enjoyment of each 
other, and to the marriage then design'd, she 
never ceased, till she had procured his overthrow. 
It hapning therefore about that time, that Over- 
bury being designed to be sent embassador into 
Russia, " or as others say to the arch-duke in the 
" Netherlands," by the king, which was pro- 
posed to him by the lord chancellor, and the 
earl of Pembroke ; Carre, (whose counsel he asked) 
advised him to refuse the service, by making 
some fair excuse. Which advice he followed, 
supposintj that it did proceed out of kindness ; 
but for his refusal he was committed to the Tower 
21 Apr. 1613. Soon after he being closely con- 
fin'd, she by her instruments endeavoured to 
work his ruin by poyson,(the particulars of which 
are now too many to enumerate)' but nature 
being very strong in Overbury, it was repcll'd by 
breaking out in botches and blains on his body. 
At length by a poison'd clyster given to him 
under pretence of curing him, he was dispatch'd 
in Sept. following. But before two months were 
past, all being discovered, his death was closely 
examined, and several persons being found guilty 
of, and consenting to, it, were afterwards exe- 
cuted, viz. sir Jerviee Elwaies lieutenant of the 
Tower consenting. Rich. Weston and James 
JVanklin, who attended Overbury in his cham- 
ber, and gave him the meats and broths wherein 
the poyson was mingled, and Anne Turner widow, 
the preparer of them, actually concerned in the 
matter. Some time after, Carre, then earl of 
Somerset, and his lady Frances before-mentioned, 
were brought to their tryals for contriving his 
death, and hiring others to make him away ; who 
being both found guilty, had the sentence of 
death passed on them, but, through the clemency 

' [See a very full account of this horrid transaction in the 
Staii: TriaisA 

K 2 



[389J 



J 35 



OVERBURY 



136 



of the king, being spared, they were only ba- 
nished tlie court. As for our author Overbnry, 
who in learning and judgment excelled any of 
his years (which, as 'twas generally thought, made 
him while living in the court to be proud, to 
overvalue himself, undervalue others, and aflect- 
cd, as 'twere, with a kind of insolence,) hath 
written, 

A W'ift. Behig a most exquisite and singular 
Poem of the Choice of' a IVi/c, &c. Printed seve- 
ral times at Lond. while the author lived. In I6l4. 
it was printed there again in qu. being the fourth 
or fifth impression, bearing this title, A Wife, 
now the Widow of Sir Tho. Overbury, being, &c. 
[Bodl. 4to. L. 08. Art.] 

Characters : Or, witty Descriptions of the Pro- 
perties of sttndn/ Persons. Which characters, 

as 'tis observecf, were the first that were written 
and published in England.' To them arc added, 
(1) Certain Edicts from a Parliament in Eutopia ; 
written by the Lfidy Southwell. (2) News from 
any whence; or old Truth under a Supposal of 
"Novelty, occasioned by divers essays and private 
passages of wit, between sundry gentlemen upon 
that subject. (3) Paradoxes, as they were spoken 
in a Mask before his Majesty at Whitehall. (4) 
The Mountebank's Receipts. (5) Songs. 

Of the Remtdy of hove : In two parts. A poem. 
Lond. 1620. in about 2 sh. in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. B. 
ig. Th. BS.] 

Observations in his Travels upon the State of 
the 17 ' Provinces, as they stood, an. 1609- — Print- 
ed 1627. qu. This goes under his name, but 
doubted by some, whether he wrote it. 

Observations upon the Provinces united, And 
on the State of !• ranee. Lond. 1651. oct.' with 
his picture before it, by S. Pass, an. aetat. 32.^ 
This also is doubted, whether ever he wrote 
it. 

The Arraignment and Conviction of Sir Walt. 
Raleigh at the King's Bench Bar at Winchester, 
17 Nov. 1603. &c. Lond. 1648. in 5 sh. in qu. 
[Bodl. C. 1. 2. Line] Said to be copied by Tho. 

' [See a list of several editions of Overbury's Characters, 
&c : with some account of various other works of the same 
nature, in Earle's Microcosmugraphy , or a Piece of the 
ff^or Id discovered, Lond. 1811. 8vo.] 

' [ Dr. Woodward of Gresham hath lent me Sir Thomas 
Overhury his Observations in his Travniles upon the State of 
the Xy/l Provinces as they stood Anno Dom. 1609. The 
Treatie of Peace leing then on fuote. Printed M.DC.XXVl. 
4to. Aeit. a Wood had not seen this edit. Hearne, MS. 
Collections, vol. Ixii., p. 133.] 

* [Observations upon the State of the Low Countries and 
if France. MS. Lambeth 841, 15.] 

' [Under tliis portrait are the following lines, sufficiently 
obvious to all wiio know the unhappy fate of sir Thomas 
Overbury. 

A man's best fortune or his worst 's a wife. 

Yet I, that knew nor marriage peace nor strife. 

Live by a good, by a bad one lost my life. 

A wife like her I writ, man scarce can wed : 
Of a iaU« frkad like mine, raaa scarce liath rcad.jl 



Overbury, but doubtful. He yielded up his last 
breath, occasioned by poison, as I have before 
told you, on the 13 Sept. in sixteen hundred and 1613. 
thirteen, and was buried, as some authors say, 
presently and very unreverently in a pit digged 
in tin obscure and mean place. * But the register 
of the Tower-chappel, oedicated to S. Peter ad 
vincula, saith he was buried in the said chappel 
1,5 Sept. an. 16 i 3. as I have been informed by 
the letters of that learned gent, sir Edw. Sher- 
burne knight, late clerk of his maj. ordnance and 
armories within the kingdom of England. Over 
his grave tho' no memory by writing was ever 
put, yet Ben. Johnson's epigram J written to him 
will eternize it, and other verses by the wits of 
his time, set before his poem called A Wife, and 
in particular that epigram written by Owen^ the 
Welsh bard, running thus : 

Uxorem culto describis carmine, talem, 

Qualem oratorem Tullius, ore potens. 
Qualem describis, quamvis tibi nuberet uxor, 

.Squalls tali non foret ilia viro. 

Our author sir Tho. Overbury had a nephew of 
both his names, a knight, and justice of the peace 
for the county of Glocester, who lived, and in- 
joyed the inheritance of the Overburies at Boor- 
ton on the Hill before-mentioned. He wrote, 
(1) A true atid perfect Account of the Examination, 
Tryal, Condemnation, and Execution of Joan Per- 
ry and her two sons John and Rich. Perry, for 
the supposed Murder of Will. Harrison, Gent. &c. 
Lond. 1676. in 4 sh. and half in qu. [Bodl. C. 
17. 7 Line] V\'^ritten by way of letter to Thom. 
Shirley, doctor of physic in London. (2) Queries 
proposed to the serious Consideration of those zcho 
impose upon others in Things of divine and super- 
natural Revelation, and prosecute any upon the 
Account of Religion ; with a Desire (f their candid 
and Christian Resolution thereof. Printed 1677. [3901 
Answered by George Vernon rect. of Boorton 
on the Water, the same year, in his Ataxia; Ob- 
staculum. Whereupon sir Tho. came out with 
a reply entit. Rutiocinium Vernaculum: or, a 
Reply to Ataxice Obstaculum. Being a pretended 
Answer to certain Queries dispersed in some Parts 
in Gloucestershire. Lond. 1678. oct. This sir 
Tho. Overbury was not educated in any univer- 
sity, only was a great traveller in parts beyond 
the seas, and afterwards a favourer of Protestant 
dissenters; which is all I know of him, only that 
he sold his inheritance at Boorton on the Hill to 
Ale.x. Popham esq ; about I68O, and afterwards 
retiring to an estate that he had at Adniinton in 

♦ [To which add^^or as others say, that his body was 
thrown into a lowsie sheet, into a coffin, and buried without 
knowledge or privity to his friends, upon the Tower-hill. See 
14 Yeares of K James I., p. 54, p. II7. Wood, MS. note in 
Tanner's copy.] 

' In the first vol. of his works, epigr. 1 13. 

''In Epigram ad Hen. Princ. H^all. &c. nu. 48. S€« 
also in Char. Fits Geoffry's AJfania, &c. lib. 1 . 



137 



OVERBURY. 



IIAIIMAR. 



138 



Queintuii parish in Glocestershirc, died there 28 
Feb. 1680, and was buried in Queinton chureh. 

[Sir Thomas Overbury's works were printed in 
a small 8 vo. London 175G. 

The best account of tJie transactions that pre- 
cceded his murder will be found in IJrydges's 
Memoirs of the Peers of England, during the 
Reign of James I., Svo. London 18 -page 
&c. 

I copy the following lines, wliich have much 
merit, from the edition of his IVife in 4to. lGl4. 

Of the Choice of a Wife. 

If I were to chuse a woman, 
(As who knowes but I may marry) 
I would trust the eye of no man, 
Nor a tongue that may miscarry : 
For in way of loue and glory, 
Each tongue best tells his own storie. 

First, to make my choice the bolder, 

I would have her child to such 

Whose free virtuous lives are older 

Then antiquitie can touch : 

For 'tis seldom seen that bloud 
Giues a beauty great and good. 

Yet an ancient stocke may bring 

Branches, I confesse, of worth, 

Like rich mantles shadowing 

Those descents tliat brought them forth ; 
Yet such hills though gilded show, 
Soonest feele the age of snow. 

Therefore to prenent such care, 
That repentance soone may bring. 
Like merchants, I would chuse my ware 
Vsefull, good ; not glittering. 

He that weds for state or face, 
Buyes a horse to loose a race. 

Yet I would haue her faire as any, 

But her owne not kist away : 

I would haue her free to many, 

Looke on all like equall day. 
But, descending to the sea. 
Make her set with none but me. 

If she be not tall 'tis better. 
For that word a goodly ziioman 
Prints itselfe in such a letter 
That it leaues vnstudied no man. 

I would haue my mistresse grow 

Only tall, to answer, no. 

Yet I would not have her loose 
So much breeding, as to fling 
Vnbeconiing scorne on those 
That must worship euery thing : 
''_ Let her feare loose lookes to scatter. 

And loose men will feare to Hatter. 



• « • • 
Such a one as when ghee's wood 
Blushes not for ill thoughts past. 
But so inn<x;ently good 
That her dreames are euer chaste ; 
For that maide that thinke a sin, 
Has betraid liie fort shee's in. 



When the priest first giues our hands, 
I would have her thinke but thus — 
in wiuit iiigh and holy bands 
Heauen, like twins, hath planted ys : 
Tliat, like Aaron's rod, together, 
Both may bud, grow greets and wither. 

One engraved portrait of Overbury has already 
been mentioned : The next in merit and aiithcn* 
ticity is by R. Elstracke, and tliere is a third in 
the Hist, of the last fourteen Years of K. Jametj 
4to. lG5l'] 

JOHN HARMAR, a most noted Latinist, 
Grecian and divine, was born at a markct-towo 
called Newbury in Berks, educated in Gramma- 
ticals in Wykeham's school, admitted perpetud 
fellow of New coll. 1574, took the degree in arts, 
made the king's professor of the Greek tongue in 
this university, 1585, (being then in holy orders,) 
one of the proctors thereoftwo years alter, chief 
master of Winchester school for nine 3'ears, war- 
den of the coll. there 1? years, and at lertgth 
doctor of divinity, being always iiecounted a most 
solid theologist, admirahly well read in the father* 
and schoolmen, and in his younger years a sub- 
tile Aristotelian. The chiei actions of his life, 
an account of his travels, of his disputing at Paria 
with the great doctors of the Rom. party, and 
also of the things that he had written and pub- 
lished, his nephew John Harmar (whom I shall 
mention under the year 1()70,) promised to give 
unto me a full narration in writing ; but sickness 
and death soon after, following, prevented him. 
He hath published, (1) Chrysostomi Jrchiep. Con' 
St nut, Homilifc Sex, ex MSS. Cod. in Bib. Coll. 
Novi. Oxon. 1586. (2) Chrysostomi Homilia ad 
poputum Antiucheuum, onuies, exceptu prima, cum 
Latino. Versione llomilim decima nana, qua in 
Latinis etiain Exemp/arilius hactenus desiderata 
est. Lond. 1590. [Hodl. 8vo. C. 133. Th.] He 
also translated from French into English, Sermons 
on the three frst Chapters of the Canticles. Ox. 
1587. qu. Written by Theod. Bcza: And from 
Lai. into English, [Sixteen] Sermons on the 10 
Commandments. Lond. [1579] 1581. qu. writteu 
by J oh. Calvin ; and had a prime hand in the 
translation of the N ew Testament into English, 
at the command of K. Jam. I. an. 1604. At 
length paying his last debt to nature on the ele- 
venth of Oct. in sixteen liundred and thirteen, 
was buried at the upper end of New coll. choir. 
His epitaph you jaay read in a book entit. /i»$- 



1 



I6i3. 



1S9 



BREREWOOD. 



140 



loria Sf Antiquit. Univ. Oxon. lib. 2. p. 152. a. 
He was a considerable benefactor to the libraries 
of both Wykeham's colleges. 

[Ill the epistle dedic. of Bcza's Sermons on the 
Canticles, to the earl of Leicester, he gives the 
following account of his patron's exertions in his 
behalf: ' The ground and foundation of my first 
studies laid in XViiichester by your honour's only 
means, in obtaining her highness' letters for uiy 
preferment unto that school; the rearing of the 
further frame of them in this college, wherein, 
placed by your lordship's favour, I yet continue ; 
my time spent to my great desire and content- 
ment in the parts beyond the seas, by your ho- 
nour's intercession ; my roome and degree I doe 
enjoye in the univorsitie, being one of her niajes- 
tie's publick professors, purchased by your lord- 
ship's favourable mediation, do everie of them 
in particular, deserve a volume of acknowledg- 
ments.' Ken NET.] 

EDWARD BREREWOOD, son of Rob. Br. 
wet-glover, thrice ma^'or of the city of Chester, 
was born, and educated in grammar learning, 
there ; applied his muse to academical studies in 
Brasen-nose coll. in the latter end of 158 1, aged 
16, or thereabouts, where continuing an indefa- 
tigable student several years, took the degrees in 
arts, [M. A. 1590,! and then, as 'tis said, tran- 
slated himself? to St. Mary's-hall. In 1596, he 
became the first astronomy professor* in Gresham 
coll. in London; — wherein, as in Oxon, he always 
led a retired and private course of life, delighting 
with profound speculations, and the diligent 
searching out of hidden verities. It was also 
observed, that tho' he never published any thing, 
while he injoycd this earthly tabernacle, yet to 
avoid the fruitless curiosity of that which some 
take upon them, to know onl}' that they may 
know, ne was ever most ready in private, either 
by conference or writing to instruct others, re- 
pairing unto them, if they were desirous of his 
resolution in any doubtful points of learning, 
within the ample circuit of liis deep apprehen- 
sion.' The things that he wrote were many, the 
first of which that was published, was, as I con- 
ceive, this, 

De Ponderibus, &( Pretiis reterum Niimmorum, 
eorumqiie cum Tecciilioribus Collatione, Lib. 1. 
Lond. 1614. qu. Published by his nephew Rob. 



' [Fuller insimiales that he left Brazen-nose on account 
of having been an uiiMicccssful candidate for a fellowship in 
that society. He lost it, however, says our author, without 
loss of credit.] 

' [I have heard a great scholar in England say, • that he 
was tne fittest man whom he knew in England, to sit at the 
elbow of a professor to ) rompt him.' But, in my opinidn, 
he was a very proper person to discharge the place himself. 
Fnllcr, ff'ortliies, i. 202. edit. 4to.] 

* [This character is given of him in the preface to Enqui- 
ries cone. Ike Diversity of Lang, publisht by his nephew 
and heir Mr. Robert Brtrewood. Kennet.] 



Brcrewood of Chester* remitted into * ff'lio was 
the eighth vol. of the Criticks, and f^ commoner of 
in the Apparatus before the first vol. „'Z\- 
of the Polyalot Bible, [by Brian i^rst Edit. 
Walton.] He also wrote, 

Enquiries touching the Diversity of Languages, 
and Religion, through the chief' Parts of the yVorld 
Lond. 1014. [Bodn4to. M.57. Th. 1622, Bodl. 
4to. T. 1.3. Jur.] 23,35. &c. qu. and in 1647. &c. 
in Oct. published by the said Rob. Brerewood, 
who, if I mistake not, hath written a large antl 
learned preface to it.' " This Robert Brerewood 
" son and heir of Robert Brerewood ' of Cheshire 
." gentleman, was admitted into Brasen-nose col- 
" lege 1605, ajtatis fere 17, and after two years 
" stay there, was admitted into the Middle-l'em- 
" pie 1607, where at seven years standing he was 
" called to the bar. In the beginning of Septem- 
" her 1637, he was constituted one of the justices 
" for the counties of Anglesey, Camarvan, and 
" Merionith, and in the Lent following was lea- 
" dcr in the Middle-Temple, and in the week 
" after Easter 1039, he was elected recorder of 
" Chester. In Trinity term 1640, he was made 
" Serjeant at law, and in Hilary term 1641," he 
" was made the queen's serjeant. On the 5 of 
" December 1643, he was made a knight, and on 
" the 31 of January following he was constituted 
" one of the justices of the Common Pleas, sworn 
" the 6 of February to the said office at Oxon, 
" He died the eighth of September, 1654, aetatis 
" 67, buried in St. Mary's church at Chester." 

Elementa Logicee, in G rat/am studiosa Juven- 
tutis in Acad. Ox. Lond. 1614, [Bodl. 8vo. B. 
91. Art.] and 15, [Bodl. 8vo. B. 71. Art. Seld. 
1628. D. 19. 11. Line.] &c. in oct. 

Tractatus quidam Logici de Pradicabilibus Sf 
Prtedicameiitis. Oxon. 1628. 37. &c. oct. 

Treatise of the Sabbath. Oxon. 1630. qu. [Dodl. 

■ [Of this book and the author, sec Crakanthorpe, Defen- 
sio contra Spalat. cap. 18. p. 104. Baker. 

See Melanges d'Htstoirc iSf de Literature par Dom. Bona- 
venture d'Argogne. Tom. i. p. 147. Edit. Paris I725. 
Cole. 

This book was afterwards translated into Latin by John 
Johnston (an author well known on other accounts) who 
first published the Enquiries into the Diversities of Religions, 
under the title of Scrutinium Religianum ; Francofurti ad 
Maenum l630; and afterwards the Enquiries into the Di- 
versities of Languages, entitled Scrutinium Linguarum, 
Franc, ad Maen. 16.59. In this latter the Scrutinium lieli- 
gionum is included, and both editions are iti duodecimo. 
Some remarks were also made upon the Enquiries into the 
Diversities of Religions by father Simon (under the feigned 
name of le sieur de Mimi) in a French treatise, called His- 
toire Critique de la Creance et dcs Coutumes des Nations du 
Levant. Franc. lC84, in duoze. Tho', as Fabricius sais, 
this book was printed at Amsterdam, and not at Francfort, 
as is pretended in the title. Ward, Lives of the Professors 
of Gresham College, page 75.1 

' [Wood is wrong hire. 'Ihc nephew Robert, afterwards 
sir Robert Brcrewuod, who was the editor of his uncle'i 
book, was the son <{ John Brereivood, elder brotlur of Ed- 
warO, the author ; he was sheriHf of the city of Chester. See 
Leycester'a Antiquities, Lond. 1()72, p. 87.] 



[391] 



141 



WESTERMAN. 



DUNSTEIl. 



SYMONDS. 



142 



4to. B. 56. Th.] Which coming in MS. into the 
hands of Nich. Byficld, a minister in Chester, 
and by him answered, was replied upon by our 
author in, 

A second Treatise of the Sabbath. Ox. lG32. 
qu. [Bodi. 4to. C. 6. Th.] The puritans, it 
seems, tlien (before our autlior's dealli 1(J13.) did 
verily think there was a plot against the power of 
godliness, but could never be pulled down, whilst 
the sabbath stood upright, and therefore the pa- 
trons of impiety (as they said) did rightly project 
to take that out of the way, which stood so much 
in theirs. Rich. Byfield did vindicate his bro- 
ther against Brerewood, and Job. Ley wrote partly 
against liim in Suiidat/ a Sabbath. [Bodl. 4to. H. 
33. Th.] An old and zealous puritan named 
Theophilus Brabourne, an obscure schoolmaster, 
or, as some say, a minister of Suffolk, was very 
stiftfor a sabbath in his books published 1628, 
and 31, and endeavoured to take off all objections 
that might be said against one ; ^et by maintain- 
ing the indispensable morality of the fourth com- 
mandment, and consequently the necessary ob- 
servation of the Jewish sabbath, did incline seve- 
ral of his readers to Judaism. Tho. Broad, who 
was esteemed an Anti-Sabbatarian, did write al- 
most to the same effect that Brerewood did, tho' 
Brerewood's first book did dissent from his opi- 
nions in those points, opposed by George Abbot 
in his Viudkiee Sabbathi, wherein are also sur- 
veyed all the rest that then had lately written on 
that subject concerning the sabbath, viz. Francis 
White, B. of Ely, Pet. Heylin, I). D. and Chris- 
top. Dowc, whose several treatises on the said 
subject, he calls Aiiti-Sabbutarian. 

I'ractatus duo, quorum primus est de Meteoris, 
secundns de Octilo. Oxon. 1631. Published by 
Tho. Sixesmith, M. A. and fellow of Bras. coll. 

Commenlarii in Ethica Aristotelis. Ox. 1640. 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. C. 82. Art.] Published by the 
said Sixesmith, and 'tis called by some Berezcood 
de Moribus. The original MS. of which written 
with his own hand, in the smallest and neatest 
character that mine eyes ever vet beheld, was by 
him finished 27 Oct. 1586. [Tliis MS. is now in 
Queen's coll. library.] 

The Patriarchal Government of the antient 
Church declared by way of Avsreer unto four 
Questions, Sec. Oxon. 1641. qu. [Bodl.4to.C. 13. 
T2. Line. Lond. 1647. and Bremen 1701, 8vo.] He 
ended his days in Gresham coll. of a leaver, to 
the great relilctancy of all good men, that knew 
the learning and the excellencies of the person, 
on the fourth of Nov. in sixteen hundred and 
1613. thirteen, and was buried the eighth day of the 
same month, near to the reader's pew, in the 
chancel of the church of Great S. Helen, within 
the city of London. In his lectureship of astro- 
nomy in the said coll. succeeded Emd. Gunter, as 
I shall tell you elsewhere. 

[392] WILLIAM WESTERMAN was entered a 



commoner of Glocester-hail, in the latter end of 
1583, took one degree in arts, translated himself 
to Oriel coll. proceeded in that fac»dty, and by 
continual study and unwearied industry, he be- 
came a proficient in divinity, and minister of 
Sandridge ' in Hertfordshire. Afterwards hi* 
merits introducing him to the knowledge of Dr. 
Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury, was by him 
made his chaplain, so that taking the degree of 
doctor of div. was also by him prefcrr'd to a dig- 
nity. He hath published, 

Several Sermons, as, {\) A Prohibition of Re- 
venge, on Rev. 12. 19. Lond. 1600. oct. [Bodl. 
8vo. W. 48. Th.] (2) Srvord of Maintenance, on 
Amos 5. 15. Lond. 1600. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. A. 17. 
Th. BS.] (3) Faithful Subject, or Mephihoshet/i, 
onQ. Sam. 19.29,30. Lond. iWJS.oct. [Bodl. Hvck 
W. 49. Th.] (4) Salomon's Porch, or a Caveat, 
&c. on Eccks. 4. 17.« Lond. Kj(J8. oct. [Bodl. 
8vo. T. 100. Th.] (5) .tacob's Well, on ./oh.4. 6. Clar. 
Lond. 1613. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. H. 23. Th.] &c. »6»3- 
What other things he hath published, I know 
not, nor any thing else of the author. 

[Will. Westerham S. T. B. admiss. ad eccl. de 
Bushey, com. Hartf. 6. Maij, Ifi09; per depriv. 
Ric. Scott, ad pres. Jo. Scott, gen. Reg. Grindall. 
Ken NET.] 

JOHN DUNSTER, born of a family of his 
name living at Doneat, near to liminstcr in So- 
mersetshire, was made demy of Magd. coll. iu 
1598, aged 16, perpetual fellow 1602, afterwards 
master of arts, proctor of the university I6II, 
and at length chaplain to archb. Abbot, who be- 
stowed on iiim a benefice or dignity about 1613, 
in which year Dunster resigned his fellowship. 
He hath published, 

Coisar's Penny ; Senn. on I Pet. 2. 13, 14. 
Oxon. 1610. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 1). 59. Th.] 

Prodromus. Or a literal Eipof^itioti of the 79 
Psalm, concerning the Destruction of Jerusalem. 
Lond. 1613. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. D. 58. Th.] lo q^^ 
his younger days, being esteemed a noted poet by jg,3* 
his contemporaries, had several copies of verses 
printed in various books, especially in that made 
by the society of Magd. coll. on the death of a 
noble voung man of that house named VV ill. 
Grey, son of Arth. Grey, baron of Wilton, who 
died' 18 Eeb. iGOj.' 

WILLIAM SYMONDS, an Oxfordshire-man 
born, was elected demy of Magd. in 1573, and 

' [Or Sandridoie, in the archilearonry of St. Albans, and 
hundred cpf Cjis-ho. He wns succeeded by Joli. Ledinjjton, 
S.T.B. May 8, l630, per priv. }Veiterm. Newcourt, Heper- 
lorium, 1. 882.] 

• [So the title ; but the Text is on Eccles 5. I.] 
' [A John Dunsicr, who died Oct. 14. l62o, and was 
buried in the churrli of Alhalli \vs, Rre.>d-streei, Loudon, 
gave (inter alia) 200/. wl.icli purchased 12/. per ann. forever 
towards the reparation nf the same ; besides 200/. which he 
then gave towards the llien building thereof. Newcoutt, 
Repertorium, i. a44.] 



I 



1-13 



cmiEKli. 



HARCOURT. 



HOVEDEN. 



144 



Clar. 
I6l3. 



Clar. 
l£l3. 



perpetual fellow six years after, but whether he 
was M. of A. it appears not. About the time 
that he was made follow, he entrcd inio holy or- 
ders, and had a spiritual cure bestowed on him 
at Halton Holgate in Lincolnshire, by sir Rob. 
Bertie lord Wi'»!oncl>by ; where continuing seve- 
ral years, was called thence and became at length 
preacher at S. Saviour's church in Southwark, 
and I), of D. 1613. He was a person of an 
holy life, grave and moderate in his carriage, 
painful in the ministry, well learned and of rare 
understanding in prophetical scriptures. He hath 
written, 

Pissah Evangc/ira, according to the Method of 
the Revelation, presenting the History of the 
Church, and those Canaanites over whom she shall 
triumph. Lond. l605. qu. [Bodl. 4to. S. 28. Th ] 

Virginia. Serm. at White-chapel in the pre- 
sence of many honourable and worshipful, the 
adventurers and planters for Virginia, 2.5 Apr. 
1609. on Gen. 13, 1, 2, 3. Lond. KJOQ.qu. [liodl. 
4J». F. 34. Th.] What other things he pub- 
lished, I cannot yet find, nor to what year he 
lived. 

[Will. Symonds, cler. admiss. £*d rect. de Stock, 
com. Essex, 14 Nov. 1587, ex coll. ep'i Lond. 
per laps, Reg. Grindal. Kennet. 

Some extracts from the Observations of William 
Simmons, doctor of Diuinitie, will be found in 
Smith's History of Virginia, 1624, (Bodl. E. 1. 
13. Art.) page 105; from which it is clear, that 
Symonds was, for a time, resident in that 
country.] 

WILLIAM CHEEKE, who writes and en- 
titles h\va%e\i Austro-Britanmts, became a student 
in Magd. coll. in the beginning of the year 1592, 
took one degree in arts, as a member of Magd. 
hall in Lent term 1595, which being compleated 
by determination, he left the university, and after- 
wards wrote and published certain matters, of 
which, one is entit. 

Anagrammata &; Chronogrammata Regia. Lond. 
1613. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. B. 97- Th.] In which 
book are several copies of Latin and Greek verses, 
which shew the author to have been a good poet 
in the time he lived. 

[I transcribe one specimen of Cheek's very 
scarce volume : 

Henbicvs Stvabtvs 

Chron. 
VIVIt CanDor aMor. 
ECCe CLara LaVs, fLos LILIoLFM. 
Epi. 
Candido-purpureus veluti flos floribus horti 
Pra;stat odore sacer, prsestat honore Deis. 
Vere reflorebat juvenum sic optimus, ore 

Primulus, ingcnio, pectore, more, manu. 
Alma coronatis cupiit dum messis aristis 
Gratari, heu! periit flamine flos et honos.] 

« ROBERT HARCOURT, son and heir of 



" Walt. Harcourt, esq; of the antient and noble 
" family oftheliarcourtsofStauntonHarcourtnear 
" to, and in the county of Oxford, and of Eilen- 
" hall in Staffordshire, was born at Ellenhall, be- 
" came a gent. com. of S. Alban's-hall in the 
" beginning of the year 1589, aged 15 years, 
" where he continued about three years. But 
" the geny of this person inclining him to see and 
" to search out hidden regions, he procured of K. 
" James I. a grant of letters patents for the plant- 
" ing and inhabiting of all that tract of land and 
" part of Guiana, between the river Amazones 
" and Dessequebc, situated in America under the 
" equinoctial line. Which being so done, he 
" began his voyage in the very beginning of the 
" year 1609 with 23 land-men, (of whom his 
" younger brother, called capt. Michael Harcourt, 
" then lately of Bal. coll. was one) two Indians, 
" and 23 mariners and sailors, all in a ship called 
" the Rose, a pinnace and a shallop. After he 
" had taken jK>ssession of the place, and had 
" continued with his company near three years, 
" he wrote, 

" A Relation of a Voyage to Guiana ; describing 
" the Climate, Situation, Fertility, Provisions, anil 
" Commodities of that Country, containing Seven 
" Provinces, and other Seigniories within that Ter- 
" ritory, &c. Lond. 16 13, in eleven sheets in qu. 
" [Bodl. 4to. C. 106. Art.] remitted into the 4th 
" book of Purchas's Pilgrims. [Bodl. K. 5. 8. 

he hath 



1267.] W^hat other 



things 



" Art. pas 

" written I cannot tell, nor any thing else of him, 

" only that dying 

" at which time he left behind him a son called 
" Simon Harcourt, afterwards a knight and a 
" valiant commander, who dying at Dublin in 
" Ireland in Apr. 1642, after he had done excel- 
" lent service against the rebels there, was there 
" buried, leaving then behind him a son called 
" Philip, afterwards a knight, father to Simon 
" Harcourt, esq; sometimes a gent. com. of Pemb. 
" coll. afterwards a counsellor, recorder of Abing- 
" ton, and a parliament man in the reign of K. 
" Will. 3. 

[Purchas, p. 1283, says, ' I haue the copie of 
master Harcourt his patent, and he published also 
certaine Articles for the Aduentures, &c. which 
for breuity are omitted.'] 

ROBERT HOVEDEN, a Kentish man 
born, was elected fellow of All-souls coll. in 1565, 
took the degrees in arts, that of master being 
compleated in 1570, and in the year following, 
being then 27 years of age, he was elected and 
confirmed warden of the said coll. About the same 
time entring into holy orders, he was made do- 
mestic chaplain to Matthew archb. of Canterbury, 
afterwards prebendary of the cath. there, preben- 
dary of Henstridge in the church of Wells, pre- 
bendary of Clifton in the church of Lincoln, and 
at length doctor of div. He hath written, 

Henrici Chichleii Cantuar. Archiepiscopi, Col- 



[393] 



Clar. 
1()13. 



145 



SPENSER. 



BAT I IF,. 



Mi) 



legiique Omnium Animariim apnd Oxo/iieiises Fiiit- 
datoris Vita. Written in I)ec. 1574, and liatli 
this beginning, ' Henricus Chicliloius in pago 
prope Nortliamntoniam,' &c. It is a short tiling, 
and is kept in MS. under the author's hand in 
Alls. coll. and served as an apparatus of a larger 
lite, written by Dr. Arth. Duck. 

Cata/ogus Custodiim <Sf Sociorum Coll. Om. 
Animariim. — MS.* It commences at the founda- 
tion of the college, and reaches down to 1 love- 
den's days, and by othurs continued to these 
times. "^I'liis catalogue, tho' it is trite and slender, 
and now and then faulty, yet it hath instructed 
me in man}' things, when I was composing this 
and a precedent work. . It is commonly in the 
custody of the warden, and hath in the beginning 
of it the life of the founder before-mentioned. 
This wortliy doctor died on the 25th of March in 
l8l4. sixteen hundred and fourteen, and was buried to- 
wards the upper end of Alls. coll. chappel. A 
copy of liis epitaph you may sec iu IJist. 4" /Intiq. 
Univers. Oxoii. lib. 2: p. 185. a. 

[Robertas Hovenden, A. M . ad sacros diacona- 
tusordines admissus per Johannem Sarum ep'um 
vice et auctoritate Matthei Cant, ar'epi, in capella 
de Lambeth, dominica Trinit. x Junij 1571. Re- 
gist. Parker. 

Rob'tus Hovenden, A. M. Cant. dioc. ad sa- 
cros presbiteratus ordines admissus per Thomam 
Line, ep'um, in capella de Lambhith, die domi- 
nica. xviii Novemb. 1571. iWrf. fol. 298. 

In the chancell of Stanton Harcourt church 
in Oxfordshire : ' Christophero Hoveden e Can- 
cio oriundo, artium magistro, coUegii Omn. Anim. 
Oxon. olim socio, ac postmodum juris municipa- 
lis advocato, ac demum hujus rectoriae Stanto- 
niensis incolw, vita functo xvi die Octob. 16 10. 
Pise memoriie ergo posuit Robcrtus Hoveden, 
S.T. D. coll. Omn. Animarum custos, fraterpien- 
tissimus.' Kennet.] 

JOHN SPENSER, a Suffolk man born, was 
originally one of the clerks of C. C. coll. and be- 
ing bach, of arts in 1577, was elected Greek 
reader of the same, C June in the year following, 
not without great opposition of Mr. Joh. Rainolds, 
whose resignation it was. On the 7 May 1579, 
he was admitted fellow, and the year after took 
the degree of master of arts. So that, entring 
into orders, he became a noted preacher, chaplain 
to K. James I. and a great admirer of Rich. 
Hooker and Rainolds before-mention'd. On the 
death of the last he was elected president of the 
coll. and reverenced by all good men for his 
knowledge, learning and piet)'. At the time of 
his death he left several things fit for the press, 
among which was a sermon publish'd by Hamlet 
Marshall his curate, bearing this title, 

A learned and godly Sermon at PauFs Cross on 
Isaiah 5. 2,3. Lond,l6lo, qu. [Bodl.4to. S.46.Th.] 

* f A transcript of this and the precedinp; MS. aatong 
Wood's MSS. ia the Ashmole museuai, N° 8490.] 
Vol. a. 



But this i« not all that he is to be remembretl 
for, for, for several years Infore his death, he 
took extraordinary pains, together with a mcwt 
judicious and compleat divine, named R. Hookrr 
before-mention'<i, about the compiling of a learned 
and profitable work, which he published, (I mean 
some of the books of Ecclesiastical Politif) yet 
would not he be moved to put his naine to, tho' 
he had a special hand in, it, and therefore it fell 
out that ' tulit alter honores.' Our author Spenser 
also did about four years after Hooker's death 
publish the five books of Ercles. Polili/ together 
ui one volume, with an epistle before them, sub- 
scribed by J. S. and reprinted at London with 
some of his smaller works (which had been be- 
fore published) by Hen. Jackson, an. 1622. fol. 
He the said Dr. Spenser gave way to fate 3 Apr. 
in sixteen hundred and fourteen, and was buned 
in Corp. Cli. coll. chappel. Over his grave is a 
fair monument, with his bust, and an inscription ; 
a copy of which you may read in Ilistor. ^- jin- 
tiq. Univers. Oxon. lib. 2. p. 244. b. His picture 
is painted on the wall or the school-gallery in 
Oxon, among our eminent English divines. 
" One Dr. Spenser of Westminster was appointed 
" by K. James I. anno 1604, to be one of the 
" translators of the New Testament. Quaere, 
" Whether the same ?" 

[Joh. Spencer cler. admiss. ad vie. de Alvelej 
com. Essex, 5 Jan. 1589, ex coll. ep'i Lond. Reg. 
Grindall. 

1592, 16 Sept. Tho. Awsten, A. B. admiss. ad 
vicariam «le Alveley per resign. Joh. Spenser, 
A. M. Reg. Filmer. 

Eodem die Joh. Spenser, A. M. coll. ad vica- 
riam de Broxbom, per mortem Henr. Hammond 
A. M. Ilnd. 

1599, 12 Jun. Joh. Spenser, S. T.B. admiss. 
ad vicariam S. Sepulchri extra Newgate, per mor- 
tem Will'i Gravett. Reg. Bancroft. 

1614, 12 Apr. Tho. Westfield,S.T.B. coll. ad 
preb. de Eald-strcct, per mortem Joh. Spenser, 
S.T. V. Reg. King. Kennet. 

Spencer was inducted to the prebend of Eald.< 
street, in the cathedral church of St. Paul, No- 
vember 13, l6l2. Newcourt, after giving an 
accoimt of him, from these Athen.e, adds, whe- 
ther he was the same with John Spencer, clerk, 
vicar of Ardlcy, Essex, in 1589; or with John 
Spencer, A. M. vicar of Broxbome, Hertford- 
shire, in 1592; or with John Spencer, S.T. B. 
vicar of St. Sepulchre's, London, m 1599, I knowr 
not : but I do take him to be the same with John 
Spencer, S.T. P. one of the first fellows of Chel- 
sey college, appointed by king James I. aim. I6l0< 
Repertorium, i. 150.] 

WILLIAM BATHE was bom within the 
city of Dublin in Ireland, studied several j-ears in 
this university with indefatigable industry, but 
whether in any of the three houses wherein Irish 
men of his time studied, viz. ia Uoiv. coll. Hurt, 



lOU. 



147 



BATHE. 



REINOLDS. 



148 



i6u. 



or Glocester-hall, or whether he took a degree, 1 
find not. Afterwards, under pretence of being 
weary with the lieresy professed in England (as 
he usually call'd it) left the nation, the religion 
that he was brouglit up to, and entred himself 
into the society of Jesus, in 1596, being then be- 
tween 30 and 40 years of age. After he had 
spent some time in that order, he was sent from 
Flanders to Padua to increase his studies : which 
being conipleated, he went into Spain, where at 
Salamanca he presided the seminary of that na- 
tion ' ad formationem spiritus.' He was endowed 
with a most ardent zeal for the obtaining of souls, 
and was beloved of, and respected by, not only 
those of his own order, but of other orders for 
his singular virtues and excellencies of good con- 
ditions. He hath written. 

Introduction to the Art of Musv, wherein are 
set down exact and easy Rules, with Arguments 
and their Solutions, for such as seek to knozv the 
Reason of the Truth : which Rules, he means, 
whereby any, by his own Industry, may shortly, 
easily, and regularly, attain to all such 'Things, 
as to this Art do belong. Lond. 1584. qu. This 
book he wrote while he was a young student in 
Oxford, being then much delighted in the faculty 
of music. 

Janua Linguarum: sen Modus maxime accom- 
modatus, quo patejit Aditus ad omnes Linguas in- 
tellisendas. Salam. 16IJ. Published by tlic care 
of the Irish fathers of the Jesuits order living at 
Salamanca, and is used at this time there for the 
instruction of youth. He also wrote in the Spa- 
nish tongue. 

Preparation for the administring of the Sacra- 
ment, u:ith greater Facility and Fruit of Repent- 
ance, than hath been already done. Milan. 1604.7 
Published by Joseph Creswell ' under the name 
of Pet. Manrique. He also (W. Bathe) wrote in 
English, [and Latin] but his name is not put 
to it, 

A methodical Institution concerning the chief 
Mysteries of Christian Religion. 

Method for the performing of general Coifes- 
■sion. — At length our author taking a journey to 
Madrid in Spain about several concerns of the 
order, died there 17 June in sixteen hundred and 
fourteen (according to the accompt there fol- 
lowed) and was buried, I presume, among the 
brethren in their house there, who had a most en- 
tire respect for him and his learning, while he was 
living. 

[This person was a branch of a very ancient 
family in the counties of Dublin and Meath, and 



' [Rather lG!4, as appears at the end of the work. 
graphia Brilanuica, eiht. Kippis, vol. 1. p. G9I.] 

' [Of this man sec Winwood's Memorials, vol. ii. passim. 
His real name was Arthur Creswell, but, upon turning Je- 
iiiit, he railed himself Joseph, the only instance, says sir 
Edward Coke, of a man's changing his Christian name. He 
died at Gent in I62S. Foulis's History of Romish Treatoni, 
folio, Lond. 1671, lib. x. capr. 2. pag. 692.] 



immediately descended from the Bathes of Dul- 
lardston. He was born at Dublin in 1564. The 
writer of his life in the Diographia Brilannica 
tells us, from tradition, that he was of a sullen, 
saturnine temper, and disturbed in his mind on 
account of the decay of his family, which had 
fallen from its pristine rank by rebellions, extra- 
vagance, and other misfortunes. This statement 
is given on the authority of a brother citizen,' 
who had doubtless good grounds for the asser- 
tion, otherwise Bathe's early habits, and propen- 
sity to music, in which ' he much delighted,' seem 
to warrant a supposition that he was rather of a 
more lively habit. It appears moreover, that, in 
later life, he was ' beloved and respected by all 
orders, for his singular virtues and excellencies :' 
ISow a sullen, saturnine man is not generally an 
object of such universal esteem, nor docs it seem 
probable, that one of such a temper would be 
fixed on to transact public business for the bene- 
fit of his society. On the whole I cannot but think 
that this censure of our author is built upon a 
very slender foundation, and I am the more ready 
to believe my supposition correct, since no autho- 
rity whatever has been adduced in support of the 
censure. 

Wood has only given us the first edition of 
Bathe's treatise on music, which he dedicated to 
his uncle Gerald Fitzgerald, earl of Kildare. The 
author, however, some years after, re-wrote it 
entirely, insomuch, that he scarcely retained a 
single paragraph of the former edition.' This 
second ed. is thus registered by Herbert:* A 
brief e Introduction to the Skill of Song, concerning 
the Practise. Set forth by William tiathe, Gent. 
London, printed by Thomas East in 8vo. without 
date. 

Wood's supposition of the place of Bathe's 
burial is perfectly right. He was interred in the 
Jesuits' convent at Madrid. ^] 

JOHN REINOLDS," the most noted epi- 
grammatist next to Joh. Owen and sir Jo. Har- 
rington of his time, received his first being in this 
world at Tuddington in Bedfordshire, was elected 
probationer of New coll. from Wykeham's school 
near to Winchester, in I6OO, and two years after 
was admitted perpetual fellow, being then noted 
for a good Grecian, orator, and poet. Afterwards 
he took the degree of bach, of the civil law, and 
wrote attd published, 

Disticha Classis Epigrammatum, sive Carminum 
Inscriptorum. Centurite duce. The first part was 
printed at Oxon I6II. in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. C. 122. 



Bio- _ ' [Mr. Harris, of Dublin, was the author of Bathe's life 



in the Biog. Brit.'] 

' [Kippis, in his additions to the article in the Biog. 
Brit.} 

* VTypngraphical Antiquities, page 1021.] 

5 [Sotvellus, BM. Script. Soc.Jesu. sub nomine Bathei.] 

♦ [Quidam Jo. Reynolde, coll. Jo. adinissus in matricu- 
lam aclid. Cant. Maij 22. ib&4. Reg. Acad. Baker.} 



[395] 



■n 



149 



REINOLDS. 



150 



Art.] and contains 110 cpiu;riims concerning tlic 
British and English kinjjs, eacii epigram consist- 
ing but of two verses. The other part was printed 
at the same place in l6l2, in oct. Besides which 
epigmnis, lie hath much of his poetry * printed in 
divers books, particularly in that made by cer- 
tain i'ellows of New coll. on the death of Raljih 
Warciip, esq; an. 1605, wherein lie Hourishes in 
his (ireek poetry. He ended his days in the 
l6l4. prime of his years in sixteen hundred and four- 
teen, and was buried, as it seems, in New coll. 
cloyster. I find another of both his names, and 
equal almost in time with him, who was born 
within the city of Exeter, and by the books that 
he published, hath gained a famous name among 
the vulgar scholars, gentlemen, and women of 
love and mode. The titles of them are, (I) The 
Triumphs of God's Revenge, against the crying 
and eiecrah/e Sin of Murder, Sic. Lond. 1()21. 
qu. [Bodl.4to. G. 29. Art.] the first book. Five 
more came out afterwards at several times, mostly 
taken from French printed copies, which he had 
gathered in his travels into France. All the six 
books were printed at London in one fol. 1635, 
and several times after. At length the sixth edi- 
tion being adorned with cuts, was published at 
Lond. 1679, fol. by Sam. Pordage of Lincoln's- 
inn, son of Joh. Pordage, rector of Bradfield in 
Berks, and formerly head steward of the lands to 
Philip, 2d earl of Pembroke.'" (2) God's Revenge 

' [To John Reiiiolds, I should have little difficulty in 
ascribing Do/(.r«i/'s i'nmooir, ur the Jlrst part of the pas- 
sionate Hermit, Sic. I.ond. 1606. 4to. Of this work several 
extracts will be found in the Jirilish Biiliographer, vol. i. 
p. 153. Whence I transcribe the following : 

When Howring May had, with her morning dcawes, 
Watred the meadowcs and the vallies greene. 
The tender lanibes, with ninible-footed eawes, 
Came forlh to mecte the wunton Sommer's queenc; 
The liuely kidds came with the little fawues, 
Tripi>ing with speed ouer the pleasant lawnes. 

At this enticing season the author of the ]X)em rambles 
into the fields, where he meets with an old personage who 
relates a conversation he formerly held with a hermit, and 
this, in verse, forms the subject of the tract. I give one 
stanza, out of eleven, on a skull, the usual appendage to a 
hermitage. 

Why might not this haue beene some lawier's pate. 
The which, sometimes, brib'd, brawl'd, and tooke a fee. 
And lavve exacted to the highest rate? 
Why might not this be such a one as he? 

Your nuirks and quillets, now, sir, where be they? 

Now he is mute, and not a word can say.] 

* [John Pordage, the father, was tried for insufficiency be- 
fore the committee for plundered ministers, appointed during 
the inter-rcgnum.and thecausedismissedinhis favour, March 
27, 1651 About three years after, the same charges were 
revived with additional contemptible matter, founded upon 
visions and witchcraft. After several adjourned meetino;3, 
»nd long examinations equally puerile and inconsistent, ne 
was finally ejected Dec. 8. 1634, as 'ignorant, and very in- 
sufficient for the work of the ministry.' The report of the 
proceedings, as drawn up by himself, is inserted in the State 
Trials, vol.2, p. 217, and proves the common adage appli- 



anninsl the ahominnlile Sin of .tdulleri/, containinf^ 
Ten several lli.\li)iiri. J.k)II(I. 1679. f<»l. Tlu» 
being never printed before, was illustrated wiih 
cuts, and published by the suid S. Pordaiic with 
the former hook. (.3) I'he Flower of Jidrtili/: 
diaplai/ing in a rontinuate Uistori/, the variout 
Adventures of three J'oreign Princes. Lond. 1630. 
oct. Dedicated to his father-in-law, Kich. W'al« 

cable to him, He was no conjurer. He, moreover, publithol 
a defence, entitled John Pordage, his Sarralive of the unjuil 
Proceedings against him for liluiphemy, Deiilisin, Vc. 
Lond. 1655. fdio. Notwithstanding the result of thii pro- 



secution, the family ap|K-ars to have coniinued at Hr-dfield, for 
Saiiuicl Pordage, tlieson, (ubscribes the preface 10 hi> trjnjU* 
tion of the 7Voai of Seneca, 16OO, ' liraJficldx, col. No\cm- 



bris.' This |)erson also wrote /"(/cmj on jiri'fra/OcfojioFu, lion- 
don 1660, 8vo. Stanzas on the Coronation n/Charlet II. Elia- 
na, a romance. Herod and Mariamne, a tragedy, 1G7.1, Hto. 
Siege of Balylon, a tragi-comedy, lft78, 4to. He u-emi 10 
have been as meddling as he was a niidlinz writer (.Sec icvc- 
ral specimens in Censura Litaaria, vol. viii pge 849, &c ), 
for he put forth a libel on the subject of sir l'.dinond-burf 
Godfrey's murder, for which his bookseller had to make a 
publick apology as follows: " Whereas I had the nii>forliine 
in May last, through great inadvertency, to print and publish 
a libel, intituled A new Apparition of Sir Edmund-hir^ 
Godfrey's Ghost to the K. of I), in the lower, and being then 
ignorant that the same did reflect upon the right honourable 
the earl of Dauby ; I do hereby acknowledge myself to hav» 
been guilty of a very great crime, in having published the said 
libel, and do accordingly submit myself to his lordshio't 
mercy, and declarf, that the said libel was i^cnt to mc by Mr. 
Samuel Pordige, and was in the hand-writing of the said Mr. 
Pordigc. All which I shall be ready to testifie when ever 
I shall be thereunto required by the said carl of l>anby. 
Thomas Benskin. — From Bens/tin's Domestick Intelli- 
gence. July 18-21. 1681. 

In the Ohservator of Wednesday, Aprils, l682, S. Por- 
dage is attacked on account of A brief History of all the fa- 
pists Bloudy Persecutions, Huts, and Massacres, throughout 
Europe. He is called ' limping Pordage, a son of the famous 
familist, about Reading; and the author ot' several libells. 
One i>articularly, enlerhn'd with the paw of scurrilous C'.nre 
(who published a periodical Mercurj) against L'Eslrange ; 
and violently sus|)e(ted for the Medall Revers'd: but it is not 
written with his father's spirit, for there's nothing in't of the 
comuror.' 

This paper was a defence of L'Estrangc, who had refused 
to license the work just referred to. The author is said to 
have had a prating fellow to his brother, ' who obtained the 
manuscript with some difficulty from L'Eslranee, when it 
was published, notwithstanding the license being refused.' 
Hence the Ohservator remarks; ' He says, I know the bi- 
shop's chaplain licensed it, aitd that it was printed with that 
license, and at the author's own charge ; but 'tis no new 
thing with these shufflers to get a license for one book, and to 
clap to it another ; or who knows but Care might counterfeit 
the chaplain's license as he had done L'Estrange's ? Now the 
truth is, there was no license at all, cither printed with the 
book, or shew'd to the printer; nor was it the author's charge 
neither ; but the author's brother went half with the printer 
for work and paper ; and tlie whole charge under ei;:ht |>ound. 
He took his half of the books home with iiim ; and has own'd 
the printing of 'cm off, above two years ago; but the poor 
printer has 3 or 400 left still upon his hands for waste paper.' 
Pordage would probably have been forgotten, but (or the 
nitch obtained in the Biogruphia Dramatica, and his contu- 
melious attack ui)on Dryden, in two poems, wliich are all that 
remain to be mcnlionei, Azariuh and Hushai, and The Medal 
Reversed, of which see an account in Sci tt's Dryden, vol. ix., 
p. 373. Langbaine notices him in \Gq\, as lately, if uol ac 
that time, living. Uaslewood.] 
L 3 



151 



HOPTON. 



J 52 



tham, esq. justice of peace of Devon, and other 
things which I have not yet seen. Among the trans- 
lations that he hath made from French into Eng- 
lish, is A Treatise of the Court,'' written by mon- 
sieur de Refuges, and by tlic translator dedicated 
to prince Char'les, afterwards K.Ch.I. Whether the 
said John Reynolds was ever a student in Oxon, 
1 cannot in my searciies yet find. However some 
of the antients of Exeter coll. who knew the man, 
have averred several times, that he had received 
some academical education, but before he could 
take a degree, was call'd away to travel into 
France, lie was " a merchant of Exeter" 
living in the times of usurpation, but whether 
in those of the restauration ot K. C. II. I cannot 
tell. 

ARTHUR HOPTON, fifth son of sir Arth. 
Hopton, knight of the Bath, (by Rachel his wife, 
daughter of Edm. Hall of Gretford in Lincoln- 
shire) son of sir Owen Hopton, sometimes lieu- 
tenant of the Tower near London, was born in 
Somersetshire, (at Wytham as it seems) became a 
gent, commoner of Lincoln coll. in Michaelmas 
tenn, an. 1 604, aged 15 or more; where falling 
under the tuition of a noted and careful tutor, be- 
came the miracle of his age for learning. In 
1607, he was admitted bach, of arts, and then left 
the university to the great sorrow of those who 
knew the wonderful pregnancy of his parts. Af- 
terwards he settled in London, in one of the Tem- 
pies, as I conceive, where he was much admired 
f^ and beloved by Selden and all the noted men of 
KJ that time, who held him in great value, not only 
' for Tiis antient and genteel extraction, but for 
the marvellous forwardness of his mathematical 
geny, which led him to perform those matters at 
one or two and twenty years of age, which others 
of forty or fifty could not do, as in these books 
following of his composition may appear, 
[2961 Baculum Geodeticum sive Viaticum. Or, the 

Geodetical Staff, containing eight Books. Lond. 
]6lO, in a pretty thick qu. [Bodl. 4to. H. 30. 
Art.] 

Speculum Topographicum. Or, the Topogra- 
phical Glass; containing the Use of the Topogra- 
phical Glass, Theodelitus, plain Table and Cir- 
cumfereiitor. See. Lond. I6II. qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
M.33. Art.] 

A Concordance of Years; containing a new, 
easy, and a most exact Computation of Time, ac- 
cording to the English Accompt. Lond. [1615. 
Bodl.8vo.H.9.Art.Seldand.] iGlG.oct. Towhich 
were additions made by Joh. Penkethman.* Lond. 

' [This Treatise of the Court, consists of two books, both 
which are in the Bodleian, 8vo. C. 123. Art. London, l()S2. 
'I'hc translator dedicates his second booI< to sir Robert Oxen- 
V)rogge ot Husburne, in Hampshire, knight, whom he terms 
his very honourable friend. Reynolds bestows a sixain and 
jiu acrostick sonnet on his author, neither of which deserve 
preservation.] 

' (This ' lover of learning," as he styles himself, pub- 
li Jied The Epigrams of P. Rrgilius Maro, and others, with 



1635. in qu. in one sh. and half. He hath also 
divers copies of verses scattered in books, which 
shew that he was a tolerable poet of his time. 
" By the name of Arthur Hopton of Clement's- 
" Inn near the church of St. Clement-Danes, 
" student in the mathematics, he wrote, 

" Prognostications for the Year 1607, and so to 
" 1614, and to the time of his death, and perhaps 
" before 1607. He was bach, of arts I607. That 
" Prognostication in l607 is referred to the town 
" of Shrewsbury (as if born there, qu.) The rebus 
" at the end of it is a stalk of hops grown out of 
" a tan. See in biblioth. Ashmol. num. 63. A 
" Prognostication for ly Years ; see epistle dedi- 
" catory to his Concordance. Selden in his verses 
" calls him a young man, see verses before the 
" Concordance." He ended his days in the prime 
of his years, within the parish of St. Clement- 
Danes, without Temple-Bar near to London, in 
the month of Nov. in sixteen hundred and four- 
teen, and was buried (if I mistake not) in the 1614. 
church there. His untimely death, as I have 
been informed by those that remember him, was 
much regretted by all those, who were acquainted 
with him, and knew his extraordinary //,, nephew 
worth. Ralph Hopton, son of Ro- Ralph Hop- 
bert, was a gent. com. also of Line, 'on, first edit, 
coll. and after the rebellion broke out in 1 642, 
he was a general of an army under K. Ch. I. and 
by him made a baron. 

[Arthur Hopton addressed some verses to ' his 
endeared friend and kinsman,' sir William Leigh- 
ton, knight, which were prefixed to his Teares or 
Lamentations of a soroufull Soule, 4to. I6l3. 

Eve"" as some curious image, wrought in gold. 

Is a rich obiect stately to behold, 

And we not only doe the wealth desire. 

But doe as much the workmanship admire. 

Yet if it turn'd be to a vse prophane 

What men did loue, as soone they loath y* 

same : 
For all the cost and curious art bestow'd 
Is counted base if worship to 't be show'd. 
So stately posey oft is put in vse 
To sing laciueously her owne abuse ; 
And, being rich and curious, often times 
Is wrong'd with base and fovle vnchristian 

rimes. 
Then, poets all, this heauenly verse come view. 
Which bringes sweet art imd ripe conceipts to 

}'0U, &c. &c.] 

the Praises of Mm and his Worlccs. Lond. l624, 12mo. Also, 
Ojiomulnphylacium ; or the Christian Names of Men and 
IVomen, now used witliin this licatme of Great Britaine, 
alphabetically expressed, as well in I.aline us in English, with 
the true Interprctatiotis thereof, digested in three set crall Ta- 
bles, (Sfc.bt/ J. P. publike writer. Lond. iGsfi. 12mo. And, 
Thefairesl Fairingfor a Schoole-bred Sonne, ii'hereby Praise, 
Ease, and Profit may be wonne: that is to say, the Schoote- 
master's Precepts, or Lillie's Lessons to his Scholars. Trans- 
lated by J. Penkethmun, Lover of Learning. Four leave* 
only. Park.] 



ir}3 



COOKIi. 



HiAim. 



\M 



it 



UOlJKirr ( ;(K)K v., who wHuh himHcir Cwu*, 
WM IxTii al, or iiciir to, Diciiioii in Yorkitliirc, 
WM ctitr(5(l a Hliidi-ril in |{riiHCii.iio)M- coll. in \t>(\T, 
Mcd 17( or ili<T«'ul»oul», wlicn', wjtii iinw«'iiri<<l 
diliKf^ticc, Imvclllti^ lliioijuli till- viirioiiitcliimitH 
of logir- iiriil |»lii|o)(0|iliy, lu- |,c<(irni ijic |iiii;«t 
nol<'<l (li»|>iiliinl o( liiH liiMc. {)i\ llic '<! l/cc. \r>T.) 
fiC! wnn (iriiiiiiitioiiitly elected |irol»(itioner-('cllow 
of timt coll. mill llirci! yearn al'ifr look ilie At-urvi'. 
of M. of arU. About wliicli liiiid critrio^ into 
lioiy ordcrit, itnd being n(»t<'d lor liii« lulniirable 
tnnrninp, whh tbfreCon; elected one ol' llie |(roe- 
torM ol llie iiiiiverHily. In whir b ollicc be be- 
liaveri biintelf ho admirably well, ibat bin boune 
j^ained <redit by it. In 1,'jfU, be wan adinitl/-d l<» 
tbe reading ot'ilie %v.\iU:\uv*, nnri in thi- beginning 
oCJiiiM' IM>'), reitigning hilt relloWHbi|>, retired to 
liiit new obtained vi<-uridge of i.eed<t in York' 
■hire; where making the; bei«l lulvaniage oi bi» 
time, became a man learned in llie <'liiirch, Hiii' 
giilarly well Hludied in the diit(|iii4ttioii oi' uiili- 
j|iiilv, exjieeiall^ Cor llic diHceriiing of tbe |>ro|»cr 
work* o( tbe latberh Croin the (orged and C(jun- 
terleit, as it muy n|>peur in u book which h« wrote, 
«ntit, 

C*iiiiurf$r/uorumIam Sf rijjl Drum, qua »iib Nitfrii' 

nihui SiimtiiTum, Hf vrlr.runt /lurttmim, a I'onli/ifiiii 

pfi>»im in foriirn Siiipti*, ni'il putinnlwuiii in Liuirii- 

tiiiniliin huilir ('iin/rovrmA lilari no/i-nl. (,ond. 

Ifil4, (Modi. 4io. C. 44. Th. Seld.l and 2.'), on. 

fUorll. 4io. (;. r/i. 'I'll. Held.''J VVhidi i» all I 

think be bath piibliitlM'd. lie gave way to fate at 

LfA.'iU berore^ineritioned, on ifiir Wr»t of Jan, in 

Ifll4-1A. nixfeen hundred and fourteen,' and watt buried tbe 

•lay following in (he ebiireb there, Alex, (Jooke 

liiN brother, whom I Mball mention under the yeai 

Kiti'i, Hueeeeded him in tbe vi<;aridge (»f l^tiln, 

and (here died, 

f Kobert i'txiUr vfiut the »on of William (.', of 
Beeiiton. in the |)urii»h of IaviI*; where he wan 
bnpli/rff July 2.1, I.^.V), lie wax imilituled to hi* 
vii^arage I)e<embef 18, l!i^)(). hih\ v. ax after ward* 
eollated by l)r, Jtiiuvn^ bi4io(» of Durham (to 
whom be riedieated hiit Vrnmra,) lo the kixth 
prebend in thai <albedr(il, July 'Z(> \(')\\.* 

Tboretiby nay* that the rei'orination went on 
very nlowly in I^-edii, till ' the denervedly fumoim 
Mr. Robert C.'ookc revived a dc«p MMiwof trtu; 
religion and piety/ 

A pedigree of the family will be found in the 

Durtiliit l^oil. p, '^10, 

'I o liiH workit we may uM : 

A l.riiini^(l Dinjiutatton ht-lrcixt Rolirrt Cook 
ff.lJ. riwJ It I'opith I'tiftt, lii'fon- liin M/iji'it/i/'» 
Cuunril mid ulhrr kiiine.d Min at Yurkr, An. If) 10. 
MS. formerly in TlK^rctthy'o mij»euni jit f^'edii. 

"w/l, tlwl th«r« H«r« tlur* Mhrr 



See Diicntiit JaiiuI. p. /»,1.1. Therr are line» by «. 
Mob, Cooke, before Kiltin'it H/miinhift of ifry^ 
liliiw, \r>HH. IlilBon, ////;/. t'ort. I?.), but it "i, 
not clear that tliii it the jienton noticed in tha 
Atiii'.n/k.] 

MAITIIKW HLADK, «econd • .on «d' Joh. 
Slade of ibe VVe»i-eomitry, Hon of Joh, HIade of 
llougbliy in Stafl'ordiibire, the M<eoml nonof Joh. 
■Sliulu ol the aniieiit and genl4-el family of lh« 
.SladcH of Norton-Nlade in /,«iica»bire, wn» boru 
in Oevoniihire, became a ballei (d.Si. Allmn»-bull 
in l/jH4, and in that of bm age 17, look a d«Kr«« [3073 
in art* lour^ear* uller, and about tliui limo wa«» 
candidate lor a fc||ow»biji <d Merlon coll. but 
what put liim by, uiiIch* iIm; want of friend*, for 
pbiloHopby be bad *ullicirnt, 1 kiwiw not. Aftvr* 
ward* be retired lo hi* native country, taught 
•cliool for a time, and married, a* 1 kballanon tell 
you. At length uoon an invitation, he went lo 
AniHlerdain in Holland, where hy llie high and 
mighty .Stale* he became rei;l<,r of llie b-arneci 
tu.'iwlemy or gymniMiuni, *ituated and l>4-iiig m 
the old imrt of that fumou* city ; where he wa% 
enU-etiieUy by all that knew him, an excellent 
l.fttini»t, a good Clr«('iaii, on« wvll read in pro* 
found author*, a »u{\ enemy to the Mofdntan*, 
and a walking library, ill* work* are llie«« ; 

i'lint (Joiiiodo f orilio S. 'I', I), ih Ilia jdirmiii, 
llfirfil/im, if /lllifimnii) li .hunho Ufnf Aiiyjnt I, 
in rjund. P'ortlii ilr iJii 'I'ruclutu, Hff, Hr/in/iu- 
tic/r Din/iiilutioni'i I'liri jiriinit. In i/iia l''iik> ()r- 
Ifindota di: vera Imnirntitair tf lii/initate triuitiut 
Dri opf/onilur, tit-. Amalel. lOl'i, ipi. 

yljmetulir priori* Dinrptatiotiit. Am»tel, lOl4v 
(|ii. Which i* »et before till* bo' 

Ditrrptaliiiniii rum donrudo I [), 

l'ar» aflrra, dr Immulalnlitiilt' If Stmplti ilulr Dei; 
Qua diir.i'lur II. ,lae. \. junle Sf menlo nolatit 
Hlmjdii'inum {''omlii Dogma ; ' Drum t>$€ miUal/i» 
Irm 6t ac.cedr.Hlibui tubjeclum adurtrUii.' Amit«l, 
Uil4, oM. 

C. yoritii k I'. Soeini Cnmentui, live niilnU 
I'liKmiilum : rum lirriim, f^rrf/orurn, ati/iir Tinliiim 
Ntfllahii, Printed with tlnr former, vi/. Diirep- (j^,, 
(ationif allrnt I'an. 'rbe»e thing* were replied |0l4» 
upon by VorKliit*, in lOl.'/, but wbeiber our author 



rdii.'. 
•vo.J 



Ifrldxt. ib&b, l(ht:i, «ii<i 1 04 1, 
' niAUmn CiKik ttUili I Jan, ill Jtc. llobatl, llrport; 



Hhitif put out a rdoinder, 1 know not a* yel, or 
any thing el»<: thnt he hath publuhed, " exceot 
" (Ujmment. in Sumliolum yHltuiintii llkiO*," lie 
took to wife Aleibea dauKbler of Kieh. Kirford 
of, or near to, II(/niion in ifevoii. on lh< 
He(»t, i'/i)li, by wliom he hiwl i»«ue < 
Mladr horn in ui 14 0< > 

rector of tile ;; Mim lber< , 

death of hi* fatiier) on ilic f;ih ni' .May \'inH, who 
taking to wife (ieririide the daughter of l.uke 
Ambro««r a preaelur of Ain*t4<rdum, la-got on her, 
* M" ! . (ii( ty III iiuitti 

ill-Ill IW ,<f will* lA til* 



4 • 



luiii, y»i. wNvti." 



A> 



155 



FREEMAN. 



156 



[398] 



among other cliiUlren, Matthew Sladc born 9 June 
1628, and being strictly educated in learning, 
became a doctor of physic and a learned man, 
and thereupon often mentioned with honour by 
Swammerdam, as also by Scrader, who dedicates 
a book to him. This Matthew Slade did publish, 
imder the borrowed name of Theodorus Aides 
(Slade) Anghis, a book entit. Dksertatio Ephto- 
lica dt Generatione Aiiimaliwn contra Haneium. 
Amstel. I6()(i. in tw. Reprinted with other ana- 
tomical works at Francfort, twice in the year 
1668. in qu. [Bodl.4to. A. 38. Med. BS.] and is 
extant in the Bib/iotficca Anatomica. [Bodl. M. 
3. 1. Med. pag. 729.] The collectors of which 
have unveiled him, and put him down under his 
true name Matthaeus Sladus, Amstelodaraensis, 
M. D. He hath also written Observationes in 
Ovem. Amstel. l673. in tw. which is also in the 
said Bihliotheca, and Sciojriapkia Ntitritionis 
Fcetus in Utero ; S^ de ejus Uniiu. Ibid. At length 
coming into England in Sept. or Oct. 1689, 
retiring to Oxon. in Dec. following, to see it, the 
colleges, libraries, and learned men there : And 
after he had tarried at that place about a fortnight, 
went in the stage-coach towards London, but 
being taken suddenly with an apoplcctical fit 
on Shotover-hill, two miles distant from Oxon. 
died thereof before he came to Wheatley, on 
Friday the 20th day of the same month, being 
the eve of St. Thomas the apostle. Whereupon 
his body being lodged in a common inn there, 
was, by the care of James Tyrrell esq ; and Dr. 
Edw. Bernard one of the Savilian professors, con- 
veyed thence the ne.xt day to the Angel-inn in 
Oxon, where lying till the day following, was 
buried in the yard (near to, and behind the West- 
door leading therein,) belonging to the church of 
St. Peter in the East ; at which time were present 
certain doctors of, and graduats in, physic, and 
masters of arts. 

THOMAS FREEMAN, a Gloucestershire 
man born ', of the same family with those of 
Batsford"' and Todcnham near to Morton in 
Marsh, became a student in Magd. coll. an. l607, 
aged l6 years, or thereabouts, and bach, of arts 
four years after. At length retiring to the great 
city, and setting up for a poet, was shortly after 
held in esteem by Sam. Daniel, Owen the epi- 
grammatist, Dr. Joh. Donn, Shakespeare, George 

' [He speaks very slightingly of his native place in one of 
his epigrams, addressed to Oxford. 

48. 
£ach man his country loues : Vlisses' wish 
Was to see Ithaok's smoke, (smoke little worth !) 
Each cares for countrey — I care not a rush , 
I loath to Hue where I was first broueht forth. 
Now goe 1 home as Hinnibal once went 
To natiiie Affrick, sad and discontent. 
We hate our countries — would you neds know why? 
My loue Is Oxford ; his was Italy.] 
* [See Atkyns's Gloucestershire, 1718, page 256.] 



if'U. 



Chapman, Tho. Heywood the playmaker and 
others. To some of whose judgments he submit- 
ted these his two books of epigrams following. 

Rub and a great Cast. In 100 Epigrams. 
Lond. 16)4. qu. [Bodl. 4to M. 3. Art. BH.] 

Run and a great Cast. The Second Bowl, in an 
1 00 Epigrams. — Printed with the former epigrams, Cbr. 
and both dedicated to Thomas Lord Windsor, 
who seemed to patronize his studies. The reason 
for Rub and Run, he gives in these four verses, 

Sphsera mihi, calamus; mundi sunt crimina 
nodi. 

Ipse sed est mundus Spha:romachia mihi. 
Sive manere jubes. Lector, seu currere sphaeram 

Lusori pariter, curre maneque placent. 

[Freeman's Epigrams are so extremely rare, 
that except a copy in the late Mr. Brand's col- 
lection,' and that in the Bodleian, I know not 
where to refer for one. On this account 1 have 
ventured to give the following extracts. His 
best piece, in praise of Cornwall, has been already 
published by Ellis in his Specimens of Early 
English Poetry, iii. 113: some of his shorter will 
be found in the Censura Literaria, iv. 129, 8tc., 
and one, displaying the increase of London in 
the year 1614, in Warton's Hist, of Eng. Poetry, 
iv. 74. 

Epigram 63. 

Vive tibi : Consansuineo sua. 

Looke to thy selfe and learne to Hue at home ; 
Haue fellowship, henceforth, with few or none. 
See, see, to what a passe the world is come, 
Friendship abides not, bee thy fortunes gone. 

Be thou like Winter, that like Sommer wast ; 

The swallowes flie that flockt before so fast. 

Friends swim, like fishes, as the streame doth run, 
And like slye serpents lurke in fairest greene ; 
They onely reuerence the rising sunnc, 
Scarse looking to'ards him when he dotVi decline. 
'Tis wealth preserues good will, that from 

thee taken. 
Thou that wast followed shalt be soone for- 
saken. 

Nay, marke ! eu'n now, the very bird of loue 
Betakes her selfe vnto the fairest building. 
And her owne home abandoneth the doue. 
If once she sees it ruinous and yeelding ; 

No maruell then though faith faile in the 

triall 
When Loue's true turtle is turn'd thus dis- 
loyall. 

This vile, hart-gnawing, vultur-age then flye : 
Feed not the hounds whose teeth may after tear« 

thee : 
Let not the serpent in thy bosome lye, 

» fSale Catalogue, No. 3S80, where it sold for 4/. 12t. Orf.] 



I 



157 



CHALONER. 



WEB HE. 



158 



1616. 



Lest, stinging;, thou repent he lay so neere thee. 
Be thine ownc neighbour, and bo tliis tliy 

doome — 
To lookc vnto thy selfc; to Hue at home. 

Epigram 4. 

O tempora! O mores! 

Had I an hundred mouthcs, as many tongues, 
An iron voyce, then should this iron age 
Be mou'd, or I would thunder out their wrongs. 
And breath out boysterous accents, full of rage. 
I would inueigh against fowle vsurors, 
As those that liue by causing other's wants ; 
I would defie the filthy flatterers 
That shew themselucs dissembling sycophants: 
The lawyer too my lauish tongue shuuin lash. 
And auaricc should not auoid the scourge ; 
And with the courtier would I haue a crash, 
But, most of all, the atheist would I vrgc. 
Yea, euery one (as cuery one is faulty,) 
Should bide the brunt of my all biting tongue, 
It should be no excuse t' alledge then frailty, 
Sufiiz'd they sin'd, and I must tell the wrong. 

Yet wel I wot, when words had done their 
worst, 

Lewd men (like foxes) fare best when tli' are 
curst.] 

THOMAS CHALONER, son of sir Thom. 

Chaloner knight, by Ethelreda his wife, daughter 
of Edward Erodsham of Elton in Cheshire, was 
educated in Mag. coll. where he was held in 
esteem for his poetry; but taking uo degree, 
travelled beyond the seas, and at his return be- 
came a compieat gentleman. In 1591 he received 
the honour of knighthood, and being esteemed a 
learned, prudent, and sober person, when K. 
James the first came to the English crown, he 
therefore by him was appointed tutor (and after- 
wards chamberlain) to his son prince Henry, the 
lively joy and delight of Britain, and about that 
time was actually created master of arts, as in the 
Fasti, under the year 1605, I shall tell you. 
This person, who was a learned searcher into 
nature's works, did first discover an alhnn-mine 
near to Gisburgh in Yorkshire, (being possessed 
of land there,) about the latter end of Q. Eliza- 
beth ; but being adjudged to be a inine-royal, 
was rented by several, and little benefit came to 
sir Thomas. At length the long parliament, 
which began in 1()40, voted it a monopoly, and 
restored the benefit thereof to the former proprie- 
taries. He hath written several things, but all 
that I have seen is only. 

The Fiiliie of Nitre, wherein is declared the sun- 
dry Cures bt) the same (ffected. Lond.'1584. qu. 
and other matters pertaining to virtuosity, and 
something, as it seems, to pastoral, but whether 
extant, I cannot tell. He died about the 17 Nov. 
ia sixteen hundred and fifteen, and was buried 



in the parish church of Chcswick in Middlesex, 
near to the body of Elizabeth jiis first wife, 
daughter of Will. Fleetwood, sometimes recorder 
of London, by whom he had issue W ill. Chaloner 
of Gisburgh in Yorksiiire (soon after his father's 
death made a baronet) Thomas, James, &c. which 
two last were of the nutnber of judges that sate 
in judgment on king Charles \. of blessed me- 
mory, as I shall tell you at large. He had also 
several children by his second wife Judith, daugh- 
ter of Will. Itlount of London, some of whose 
posterity (as I think) liveth at, or near, Steeple- 
Claydon in Bucks, where sir Thomas had u fair 
estate. 

[On the South wall of the chancel of Chiswick 
church is the monument of sir Thomas Chaloner, 
whose effigies, and that of his wife, are repre- 
sented kneeling at a fald-stool under a pavilion, 
the curtains of which arc supported by two armed 
soldiers. On a tablet beneath, the following 
inscription : 

' Here lieth the bodey of sir "Thomas Chaloner 
who was knighted in the warres of France, by 
kinge Henry the fourthe, a". 1591, and after 
governor in the minority, and chamberlayne to 
the late prince of famous memorey, Henrey prince 
of Wales, duke of Cornewall, and carle of Ches- 
ter. He married to his firste wife Elizabeth, 
daughter to William Fleetwood, serjeant at lawe 
to y. Eliz. and recorder of London, by whom 
he had yssue, Thomas, deceased ; WiUiam ; Ed- 
ward ; 1 homas ; Henry, deceased ; Arthurc, de- 
ceased ; James ; Elizabeth, deceased ; Mary, wife 
to sir Edward Fisher, knight; Elizabeth; and 
Dorothey; and died the 2'i'' of June, a". 160:}, 
aged 35 yearcs : and to his second wife he married 
Jude, the daughter to William Blunt of London, 
esfjuier, bj' whom he had .ilso yssue, Henrev ; 
Charles; Fredericke ; and Arthure; AJine; Ka- 
thirine ; and Frances ; and she deceased the 30 
di»y of June, a''. I6l5, aged 36 years; and the 
aforesayed sir Thomas Clialoner died the 18th 
day of November 1615, being of the adge of 51 
years.' This monument was repaired, in the year 
17'21, by Edwaril Chaloner of Gisbrough, York- 
shire, esq. in grateful remembrance of his honour- 
able ancestor. 

Puttenham and Meres both mention master 
Challoner with praise for his ' PasXorall Poesie,' 
but it does not seem that any of his productions 
in verse have been lianded down to us. 

Ritson notices a translation by him from Ovid ; 
the Epistle of Helen to Paris, in MS.] 

" RICHARD WEBBE, a Glocestershire man 
" born, received his academical education in Bras. 
" coll. left it without a degree, became minister 
" of God's word at Rodborough in his native 
" couiitrv, and wrote and published, 

" Christ's Kingdom described in seven Sermons. 
" On the second Psalm. Loud. I6IO, 11. in qu. 



159 



DRUSIUS. 



160 



" dedicated to Dr. Singleton and the fellows of 
" Bras. coll. and to Mr. Will. Duttoii, Mr. Rich. 
" Dayton ju.stices otUie peace, and others. 

" Other Sermons, as (I) Tko Sermons of Chris- 
" tian Love awl Life. On Cantic.2. 10. Lond. 
" 1613. qu. [Bodl. 4to. N. 12. Th.] preached at 
" Tedbury in Glocestershire, on Christ's Ascen- 
" sion-day, an. 16 12. (2) The Lot or Portion of 
"the Ki^htemis. On Psal. 34, 19- LonA. iGK). 

<:i«r. «' qu. [Hodl. 4to. P. 49- Th.] jjreached in the cath. 

|6IS. u ^.j, of Glocester, 5 Aug. I6l5 ; in which church, 
" if I mistake not, he was dignify'd." 

JOHN DRUSIUS, orDRitsscHUS, common- 
ly called Vander Driesche, the most noted critic, 
linguist, and theologist of his time, was born at 
Oudenard a city of Flandera, situated between 
Ghent and Tournay, 28 June 1550, educated in 
{399] grammar learning in Ghent, in academical in the 
univer-sity of Lovaiii, where he took the degree 
of bach, of arts. About which time his father 
Clement Driesche, being proscribed for religion, 
and deprived of his estate, fled into England, and 
took this son with him. When he came to Lon- 
don, he met with Anth. Cevallerius a professor at 
Caen in Normandy, exceeding skilful in the 
Hebrew tongue, who residing there to several 
scholars and laics, our author attended him, w cnt 
also with him to Cambridge, where he read the 
(■aid language, and afterwards for a time into 
France, and by his diligence became an e.xact 
proficient in the Hebrew, as well as in the Greek 
language. Soon after he returned to London, 
and when he purposed to go. back into France he 
heard of the massacre at J^aris, which made him 
alter his mind. So that turning his course to 
Oxon, in the beginning of the year 1572, he was 
entertained by the society of Merton coll. admit- 
ted to the degree of bach, of arts, as a member 
of that house, \t\ July the same year, and in the 
beginning of Aug. following had a chamber set 
apart' for him by the society; who then also 
decreed that he should have forty shillings yearly 
allowed to him, so long as he read a Hebrew lec- 
tuie in their common refectory. For four years, 
at least, he lived in the said house, and constantly 
read (as he did sometimes to the scholars of Magd. 
coll. upon the desire of Dr. Laur. Humphry pre- 
sident thereof) either Hebrew, Chaldee, or Syriac 
lectures. In 1573, he was, as a member of the 
said house of Merton, licensed to proceed in arts, 
and in the year following was ' recommended by 
the clmnccUor of the university to the members 
of the convocation, that he might publicly read 
• the Syriac language in one of the public schools, 
and that for his pains he receive a competent 
stipend. Soon after, upon consideration of the 
matter, tliey allowed him twenty marks to be 
equally gathered from among them, and ordered 

» Beg. 2. act. colt. Mrrlon, p. 27, 35, 47, 53, &C 
» Reg. Univ. Oxon. KK. fol. 177, b. 



that the same respect be given to him, as to any 
of the lecturers. In 1576 he left Oxon, and in 
the year following the states of Holland chose 
him to be the proicssor in Hebrew, Chaldee, and 
Syriac in the univ. of Leyden. Soon after, being 
married, the states of Friesland, who had erected 
an university at Franeker, invited him thither to 
be a professor ; where continuing many years, he 
was held in high esteem of all scholars and fo- 
reigners, that repaired thither. He was an excel- 
lent Hebrician, and well versed in the Rabbins, 
and hath given great light to a large part of the 
scriptures, as these books following shew ; most 
of which are remitted into the several tomes of 
the Critics. 

Comm. ad Voces Jlebraicas Noti Testam. viz. 
Pars prior. 

Coin, ad Foe. Hebr. N. Test. viz. Pars posterior. 
Antw. 1582. qu. Both printed together at Franek. 
I6l6. fol. [Bodl. AA. 21. Th. Seld.] 

Qua.stionum Hebraicarum Libri 3.' In quibus 
varia S. Scriptura: explicantur. Lugd. 1533. oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. B. II. Th. Seld. and 1599, Bodl. Bvo. 
D. 36. Th.J 

Animadversionum Lib. 2. Lugd. 1585. oct. 
[Bodl. Rawl. Bvo. 290.] 

Com. in Librum Esther. Lugd. Bat. 1586, 
oct. Additioues Apocryphee Latini Versx, cum 
Scholiis. 

Miscellanea Locutionum Sacrarum, Franek. 
1586. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. D. 4. Th. Seld.] 

Versio &; Com. in Lib. Ruth, ejusquc Translatio 
Greeca cum Notts ad eaiidem. tranek. 1586. oct, 
[Bodl. Bvo. D. 14. Th.] &c. 

Alphabetum Hehraicum Fetus, &, FeterumGnomte, 
Heb. Lat. Franek. 1587- [Bodl. 4to. D. 6. Th.] 

Parallela, sen Lncorum Fet. Testamenti qua 
Novo citantiir, conjuncta Commemoratio. Franek. 
1588. qu. [Bodl. 4to. D. 1. Th.] 

P roverbiorum sacrorum Classes 2. seu Explica- 
tio Proverb. Salomonis. Franek. 1590. qu. [Bodl. 
4to. D.l.Th.] 

Lectiones in Amos, Nahum, Habuc, Sophoniam, 
Joel, .Jonatn, 8^ Abdiam. Lugd. Bat. 1591. oct. 
[1595, Bodl. 8vo. D. 14. Th.] &.e. 

Liber Tobias Creech, cum Castisationibus. 
Franek. 1591. qu. [Bodl. 4to. T. 17- Th. Seld.] 

Lectiones in Jonam. Lugd. Bat. 159 •• oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. D. 7. Th. Seld.] 

Observationum Sacrarum Lib. l6. Franek. 
1594. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. D. 4. Th. Seld.] 

Carmina Ilebraica in Obiium Jos. Scaligeri. 
Franek. 1591 • qu. 

De Qutcsitis per Epistolam. Printed 1595. oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. D. 4. Th.] 

Ecclesiasticus Graci, cum Versione Sf Notis. 
Franek. 1596. qu. [Bodl. 4to. Rawl. 190.] 

Fersio Sf Scholia ad Proverbia lien-Si/ra, 
Franek. 1597. qu. [Bodl. 4to. D. 26. Th. Seld.] 

■ [The first book was printed separate, in 1582. Bodl. 8vo. 
Z. 205. Th.] 



161 



DRUSIUS. 



ROGERS. 



lti% 



Adagiorum Ilebraicorum Decuria aliquot, cum 
Scho/iis. 

Qiiccst. Hcbr. Lib. 3. Franek. 1.599. oct. 

hectioiies in Iloseam. Lugd. But. 1599. oct. 
[BotU.Svo. D. 9. Til. Seld.] 

Versio 8f Notts ad hibrum Hasmontrorum seu 
priorem Macchubaorum. Franek. UJOO.qu. [I3odl. 
4to. D.a.Th. Sold.] 

Gramnmtica Chaldaica ex Tabb. Merceri De- 
scripta. Franek. 1602. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. H. 15. 
Jur.] 

De Hasidais. Franek. 1G03. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
D. 23. Th. Seld. and Arnh. I619. Bodl. 4to. D. 
8. Th. Seid.] 

De Nomine Elohim, Franek. 1G04. oct. [Bodl. 
Svo. I). 23. Til. Seld.] 

De Nomine Tetragrammato, cum Sc/ioliis in 
Pau/i Burgensis 12. Questionc de eodem Subjecto. 
Franek. 1004 oct. [Bodl. Svo. D. 3. Art. BS.] 
Amst. 1634. qu. [Bodl. 4to. D. 14. Tli. Seld. 
and Tr. ad Khen. 1707- Bodl. Svo. B. 57. Jur.] 

Comm. de 3 Sectis Judet-orum, contra Serarium. 
Franek IG05. [Bodl. 8vo. D. 20. Art. Seld] 

Comm. de Sectis Judaicis, viz. de Hasidteis, if 
de 3. Sectis Juda-orum, &; Spicilegium Triliecresis 
Nic. Serarii. Franek. 1603, and 1605. oct. [Bodl. 
Svo. D. 20. Th.] Arnh. I619. qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
D. 8. Th. Seld.] 

Respons. ad Nic. Serarii Minerval. Franek. 
1606. oct. [Bodl. Svo. D. 20. Art. Seld.] 

NotcR ad Sulpitii Severi Ilistoriam sacram. 
Franek. I607. oct. 

Opuscula Grammaticalia. Franek. I6O9. qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. 1). 32. Art. Seld.] 

Aunot. in Nov. Test, sive pritteritoriim Libri 10. 
Franek. I6l2.qu. [Bodl. 4to. D. 32. Th.] &c. 

Annot. Pars altera. Franek. I616. qu. 

Apophthegmala Hebraorum ac Arabum, ex va- 
riis AuthoriOus collecta,Lat. Franek. [1591, Bodl. 
4to. D. 1. Th.] 1612. qu. [Bodl. 4to. U. 6. Th.] 
&c. 

De Patriarcha Henoch i; ejus Libra: ubi eliam 
de Libris in S. Scriptura memoratis qui nunc 
intercideruut. Franek. 1615. qu. [Bodl. 4to. Z. 
12. Art. Seld.] 

Comm. in dijficiliora Loca Peittateuchi. Franek. 
1617. qu. [Bodl. 4to. D. 1 1. Th. Seld.] 

Comm. in dijficiliora Loca Josua, Judicum, if 
Samuelis. Franek. I6I8. [Bodl. B. 16.5. Line] 

Fet. Gr. Interp. Fragm. in Velus Test, cum 
Notis. Arnh. 1622. qu. [Bodl. 4to. D. 10. &c. 
Th. Seld.] 

Com. seu Lectiones in 12 Prophetas Minores. 
Amstel. 1627. Published with additions and 
amended by Sixt. Amauia. [Bodl. G. G. 47. Th.] 

Annot. in Librum Kohileth seu Ecclesiasten. 
Amstel 1635. [Bodl. D. 16. 10. Line] 

Versio is Scholia in Lib. Job. Amstel. 1636. 
[Bodl. D. 16. 8. Line] 

Veterum Jnleipielum Grtccorum Fragmenta in 
Fentateuchum, cum Notis. 

\OL. IL 



Conjectanea in Gracam Editioium "rm Ixr. 
[Bodl. GG.47. Th.] 

Tetragraminalicou : five de Nomine Dei propria, 
&c. Amstel. 1634. qu. 

Ilistoria Ruth, Grtrce, ad Exemplar Complu- 
tetue cum Latina Versione ex Ebrau, 4 cum Com- 
ment. Amstel. 1632. qu. 

Animadrersionum Ltbri duo pro Emendnlione 
Diclionum Ebr. S( Velerum Interp. in plurimt* 
LocisS. Scripturte. Amstel. 1634. qu. 

Grammaticu Lingua Sanctte. Franek. 1612. qu. 

Catechesis Ileligionis Chriitiana Ueb. Gr. if ImI. 

f>r. 1591. oct. Other things, as 'tis probable, he 
latli published, but such i have not yet seen. 
He surrendred up his pious soul to God, on the 
12th of Febr. in si.xtecn hundred and fifteen, and lfll4-l«. 
was buried, as 1 suppose, at Franeker, after he 
had lived there a most severe student, and in 
continual labour for the good and benefit of lite- 
rature about 31 years. He left behind him a son 
of both his names, bred partly in this university, 
but not to be numbred among most learned men,* 
especially such as was his father, as also a daugh- 
ter named Agnes, the wife of Abel Curiander 
author of the Latin life of his father-in-law, John 
Drusius, printed at Franeker I616. qu. In which 
the reader may see more of his life and works, 
than are here set down by me. 

[Jo. Driseus, Flander, admissus in matriculant 
Acad. Cantabr. Aug. 3. 1569- Regist. Acad. 
Venit in Angliam 1567. Mr. Rodolphus Ceval- 
lerius admissus eodem die et anno. Baker. 

A letter of comphment, in Latin, addressed to 
sir Thomas Bodloy, dated June 5. 1594. MS. 
Harl. 6996, art. 85.] 

THOMAS ROGERS, a most admirable theo- 
logist, an excellent preacher, and well deserving 
every way of the sacred function, was bom, as 1 
conceive, in Cheshire, and came full ripe to the 
university before 1568. About which time being 
made one of the students of Ch. Ch. took holy 
orders very early, and afterwards the degree of 
master of arts, scil. an. 1576, before which time 
he was a sedulous and constant preacher of God's [401! 
word. What bis preferments were successively 
afterwards, I know not, only that he was chaplain 
to doctor Bancroft bishop of London, and at 
length rector of Horninger near to S. Edmonds- 
Bury in Suffolk, where and in the neighbourhood 
he was always held in great esteem for his learn- 
ing and holiness of Ufe and conversation. His 
works are these, 

A Philosophical Discourse, entit. The Aitatomu 
of the Mind. Lond. 1576. oct. [Bodl. Svo. H. 
18. Art. BS.] Before which is a copy of verses 
in praise of it, written by his contempory Will. 
Cambden of Ch. Ch. 

Of the End of the World, and second Coming 

' [He wrote Carmina Hcbraica in Ohitum JosrpU 
Scalteer. Printed Franek. iGog. Bodl. 4to. D. 38. Art. 
Seld.] 

M 



163 



ROGERS. 



164 



of Christ, &c. Lond. 1577, qu. [Bodl.4to. E. 5. 
Th. BS. again 8vo. 1582 and 1583.'] 

The Ene:lish Creed ; tcherein is contained in Ta- 
bles an Exposition on the Articles which every 
Man is to subscribe unto. Where the Articles are 
expounded by Scripture, and the Confessions of all 
the reformed Churches; and Heresies are dis- 
played. Lond. 1379, and 85, fol. 

General Session, containing an Apology of the 
comfortable Doctrine concerning the End of the 
IVorld and second Coming of Christ. Lond. 1581. qu. 

The English Creed; consisting with the true, 
anticnt Catholic and Apostolic Church in all the 
Points and Articles of lieligiun, which every Chris- 
tian is to know, and believe that would be saved, 
&c. — In two parts. The first printed at London 
in 1585, the second there 1587, and both in fol. 
[Bodl. N.2.7. Jur.] 

An Exposition on the 39 Articles of the Church 
of England. Lond. 1586, &c. qu.' Which book, 
at the first appearance, met not with that wel- 
come entertainment, which seemed due to the 
author's endeavours. For besides the two ex- 
treams, Papists and Schismatics, who were highly 
inraged, many Protestants of a middle temper 
were much offended thereat. Some conceived it 
presumption for a private minister to make him- 
self the mouth of tne church, to render her sense 
in matters of so high concernment. Others were* 
offended, that his interpretation confin'd the cha- 
ritable latitude, formerly allowed in those articles. 
Howsoever it was, sure it is, the work in some 
years wrought it self in good esteem, as dedicated 
to, and countenanced by, Dr. Bancroft before- 
mentioned. 5 

* [In this work is a translation of some old ' Germanical 
rliytnmes by John Stoffler,' which Rogers says he heard re- 
cited by Melancthon. 

When after Christes birth there be expirde 

Of hundreds fifteen, yeeres, eightie and eight. 
Then corucs the tvme of danngers to be fcrde 

And all mankind with dolors it shall fraight. 
For if the world in that ycere doo not fall, 

If sea and land then perish ne decaic, 
Yet empires all and kingdomes alter shall. 

And man to ease himselfe shall haue no way. 

fol. 16. 

These have not been noticed by Ritson, who, probably, 
had not seen The Anatomy nf the Mind, which adds two 
other names to his Bihliographia Poclica. 

1. Abraham Fowler, who prefixed an alliterative poem, 
(imperfect in the Brxlleian copy) entitled Keedeles Uadera. 

2. Josua Hutten, who also contributed a Dialogue he- 
tween himself and the Book.'\ 

' [My edition is, London printed by John Legatt, l621, 
4to. the dedication to Dr. Bancroft, archb. of Cant, is dated 
at Horniger, near St. Edm. Bury in Suff. 1 1 of March, ann. 
1607. ' Your grace's poor cha|)laine alwaies at command, 
Thomas Rogers.' Kennet.] 

♦ SeeTho. Fuller's Ch. Hist. lib. 9. an. 1584. 

' [There are two copies of this book in the Bodleian. One 
nrinted London l633, 4to. R. 2g. Th. The other at Cam- 
nridge in 169I. 4to. Kawl. 132. The latter is interleaved 
and contains a MS. comparison between Rogers's view of the 
subject and bishop Burnet's, drawn up by Nidiolas Adams of 
Corpus Chriiti coll. Oxon. in 1704.] 



A Golden Chain taken out of the rich Treasure- 
House of the Psalms of David. Lond. [1579] 
1587, intw. 

The Pearls of K. Solomon, gathered into com- 
mon Places. — Taken from the Proverbs of the said 
King. Printed with the former book. 

llistorical Dialogue touching Antichrist and 
Popery ; drawn and published for the Comfort of 
our Church, &c. Lond. 1589, oct [Bodl. 8vo. B. 
169. Th.] 

Serm. on Rom. 13. ver. 6, 7, 8. Lond. 1590, 
qu.* 

Miles Christianus, Or, a Defence of all necessary 
Writings and Writers, zciitten against an Epistle 
prefxed to a Catechism made by Miles Moses. 
Lond. 1590, qu. This Miles Moses was bach, 
of div. and published besides the former things. 
The Arrangement of Usury in six Sermons, Lond. 
1595, qu. 

Table of the lawful Use of an Oath, and the 
cursed State of vain Swearers. Lond. 

Two Dialogues, [or Conferences concerning 
kneeling in the veru Act of receiving the Sacra- 
mental Bread and Wine in the Supper of the Lord.'] 
Lond. 16O8. [Bodl. 4to. M. 17. Art.] He also 
translated into English, (1.) A Discourse of the 
End of the World and Second Coming of Christ. 
Lond. 1577, 78, oct. written by Scheito k Geve- 
ren of Emden in Friesland. (2.) General Dis- 
course of the damnable Sect of Usurers, &c. Lond. 
1578, qu. written by Philip Caesar. To which is 
added, A Treatise of the lawful Use of Riches : 
written by Nich. Heming. (3.) The Profession 
of the true Church, and Popery compared. Lond. 
1578, oct. (4.) Exposition on the S4tk Psalm. 
Lond. 1581, oct. written by Nic. Heming for the 
instruction of the ignorant in the grounds of reli- 
gion ; and confutation of the Jews, Turks, &c. 
(5.) iS. Augustine's heavenly Meditations, calfd, 
A private Talk with God. Lond. 1581, intw. pu- 
rified by our translator T. Rogers, and adorned 
with annotations of scripture. (6.) Of the Fool- 
ishness of Men and Women in putting qfi the\Amend- 
meutof their Lives Jrom Day to Day. Lond. 1583, 
and 86, oct. written by Job. Rivius. (7.) Of the 
Imitation of Christ. Lond. 1584, 89, [1592 and 
1596] in tw. [and 4to.] written in three books by [402] 
Tho. de Kempis ; and for the worthiness thereof 
oft since translated into sundry languages. Now 
newly translated by Tho. Rogers, corrected, and 
with most ample texts and sentences of holy 
scripture illustrated. (8.) A Method to Mortifi- 
cation, called heretofore The Contempt of the World, 
&,c. Lond. 1586, in tw. written by Didac. Stella. 
(9.) S. August in' s Prayers. Lond. 1591, in tw. 
&c. Purged by our translator (T. Rogers) from 
divers superstitious points, and adorned with ma- 
nifold places of scripture. (10.) .S. Augustine's 



* [A copy in the library of the archb. of Canterbury a» 
Lambeth.] 



165 



ROGERS. 



NICCOLLS. 



I6t) 



t6i5-i6. 



Manual, containing special and picked Meditatiom 
and godly Prayers. Loncl. [1581] 159!, in tw. 
with corrections by tlie translator. (11.) Enemy 
of Security ; or, a daily Exercise of Godly Medi- 
tations. Lond. 1.580,' and 91, in tw. written by 
Joii. Avenar, public professor of" the Hebrew 
tongue in the university of VVittenberge. (12.) 
Enemy to Atheism : or. Christian Godly Prayers 
for all Degrees. Lond. 1591, in tw. written in 
the German language by Jo. Avenar, translated 
out of Lat. by our author, T. Rogers. (13.) So- 
liloquium Anima : The fourth Book of the Imi- 
tation of Christ. Lond. 1592, in tw. written by 
Tho. de Keinpis before-mentioned. A\hat other 
thingsourauthorhath written and translated, 1 know 
not ; nor any thing else of iiiin, only that he was 
a zealous opposer of the doctrine ot the sabbath, 
and the first that publicly stood up against Dr. 
Kiel). Bownd's opinion of it in his preface to the 
Exposition on the 39 Articles, Sac. which mtide the 
other party (the Puritan) angry, and so far to be 
enraged, as maliciously to asperse and blemish 
him. Whereupon he wrote a vindication of him- 
'self in MS. now in the hands of a near relation of 
his. At length after a great deal of pains taken 
for the benefit of the church, he gave up the ghost 
at Horninger before-mention'd, otherwise called 
Horningshearth; whereupon his body was bu- 
ried in the chancel of the church there, under a 
rough, unpolished and broken grave-stone, with- 
out name or epitaph, 22 Feb. in sixteen hundred 
and fifteen, as the register of that church tells 
us; which, 1 presume, follows the English acr 
compt, and not the common, as many country 
registers do. I find one Tho. Rogers, a Cheshire 
man born, to have been admitted student of Ch. 
Ch. 1547, aged 24, or more, being then bac. of 
arts, and soon after made master. What relation 
he had to the former Tho. Rogers, I know not. 
Another Tho. Rogers I find, who was born in 
Glocestershire, in, or near to, Tewksbury, lived 
mostly in his latter days, in the parish of S. Giles 
in the Fields near London, and published a poem 
entitled. The Tears or Lamentations of a sorrow- 
ful Soul. Lond. 1GI2, qu. written by sir Will. 
Leighton, knight, one of his majesty's band of 
pensioners. To whicii, the said Tho. Rogers 
added, of his own composition, a poem called 
C/ocester's-Mite.^ But this Tho. Rogers is quite 
difl'erent from the divine before-mention'd. 

^ [I have this book printed in 1579, small 8vo. or I2mo. 
newlie corrected, with a dedication to sir Francis Walsing- 
ham. Cole.] 

* [Wood is certainly wrong in this statement, that Thomas 
Rogers was the publisher of sir Will. Lcighton's poem. He 
was misled by the Bodleian copy of these two poems, which 
are bound together, and so misplaced by the binder, as to 
render it difficult to distinguish the one from the other. 
They are however veiy different works. Ghucesler's Myte 
is a funeral tribute to the memory of prince Henry, and was 
printed in 1612. The Teares, &c. are various religious 
poems, and sonnets wliich were set to music by Leighton, 
who, in his preface, declares his intention to print the notes 



[Tho. Rogers, A. M. institutuii ad rectoriam 
de Horningherth, dioc. Norw. 11 Dec. 1581. 
Reg. Vac. Bakkii.] 

RICHARD NICCOLLS, esteemed eminent 
for iiis poetry in his time, was born of genteel pa- 
rents in London, and at eighteen years of age, 
an. 1602, was entred a student in Mag. coll. in 
Michaelmas tenn, but making little stay there he 
retired to Mag. hall, and took the degree of bach, 
of arts in \Gob, being then numbred among the 
ingenious persons of the university. After he 
had remained there for some time, he retired to 
the great city, obtained an employment suitable 
to his faculty, and at length nonuurcd the de- 
votees to poetry, with these things following, 

The Cuclcow, a Poem. Lond. \fy07, in qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. G. 8. Art. BS ] Dedicated to Mr. 
(after sir) Thom. Wroth, a favourer of his muse. 

The Fall of Princes. Lond. 1610, qu. [Bodi. 
4to. B. 80. Jur.] 

A Winter Night's Vision. Lond. l6lO, qu. ' be- 
ing an addition of such princes, cs|)ecially famous, 
who were exempted in the former history,' mean- 
ing in the history called The Mirror of Magi- 
strates, written in verse by John Higens of Wince 
ham, an. 1586, qu. "This mirror, which waa 
esteemed the best piece of poetry of those times, 
(if Albion's England, which was by some pre- 
ferred, did not stand in its way) contained the 
lives of some of our kings and queens, and was 
exceedingly admired by ingenious scholars and 
others, " and was now the third time published [403] 
" by this Ric. Niccols I6l0, where, after his epis- 
" tie to the reader, follows his Induction in verse, 
" and then the lives of certain princes, with their 
" pictures wrought from wooden cuts: The (I.) is 
" king Arthur. (2.) Edmund Ironside, &c. the 
" last Richard III. written with arguments be- 
" fore each, all in verse. To them is added En<r. 
" land's Eliza, or the glorious and triumphant Reign 
" of that Virgin Empress of sacred Memory Eti- 
" zabeth Queen of Englattd, written by tfiis au- 
" thor." 

by which his hymns, &c. are to be sung or played. This 
work was printed one year after Rogers's prouuclion, with 
which it has not the smallest connexion. 

A very sufficient specimen of Leighton 's Teares will be 
found in the British Bibtiographer, i. .378 ; but that our 
readers may have no occasion to regret the scarcity of the 
book, four lines shall be offered to their religious contem- 
plation. 

Our fathers. Lord, were comforted. 
Strengthened, relieved, and blest 
Onely by grace, and iustificd 
As righteous men, in Jesus Christ. — 

It is now only iust to Rogers, that he should not be omit- 
ted entirely, and tJie concluding stanza of his Myte shall end 
this note. 

Our soules are siluer plates thy fame to hold ; 
Our zeall rich diamonds to make th' impression ; 
The characters we print, refined gold 
To keep thy name all ages in succession. 

Then sleepc, sweet Henry, prince of endless fame. 
Whilst we record thy eueilasting name.] 
M 2 



167 



NICCOLLS. 



EVANS. 



HEATH. 



168 



Monodia, or IValtham's Complaint upon the 
Clar. Death of the most virtuous and noble Ladif, late 
l6l6. deceased, the Lady Honor llay. Lond. 1G15, oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. S. 136. Th.] I Hnd another Rich. 
Niccolls who is stiled the elder, and of tlie Inner 
Temple, gent, who wrote, {\.) A Treatise setting 
forth thel^yslery of our Salvation. (2.) J Day 
'Star for dark uandring Souls : shewing the Light by 
a Christian Controversy. Botii wiiich were pub- 
lished after the author's death at Lond. I6l3, in 
oct. [Bodl. 8vo. S. 107. Th.] But whether this 
R. Nico/h the elder, was ever of this university, I 
find not as yet. 

[NieoUs is said by Mr. Park, in Cens. Literaria, 
iii. IfiO, to be * a melodious versifier, if not a first- 
rate poet.' He was so fond of melody in poetry, 
that ne regTilarly, almost, altered all the rugged 
lines in the Mirrour for Magistrates, when he 
reprinted the several parts; and occasionally re- 
wrote a stanza, dropt whole lines, added a foot, 
or lopt one oft", &c. The edition of l6lO is cer- 
tainly his own. Haslewood. 

The follow ing circumstance is stated by a mar- 
ginal note to be ' recorded by the author then 
present:' and furnishes a proof, that he was at 
the attack upon Cadiz by lord Effingham and 
the earl of Essex in 1597. 

As that thrice happie bird, the peaceful doue, 
When the old world, groaning beneath the 

raigne 
Of giant's raging rule, was drown'd by Joue, 
Brought heav'nly newes of a new world againe 
Viito the arke, then floting on the maine ; 

So now, a doue did with her presence greet 
Elizae's arke, then admirall of the fleet. 

Tor loe, the fleet, riding at seas, in sight 
Of Cadiz towers, making that towne the marke 
Of their desire, the doue did stay her flight 
Vpon the maine yard of that stately barke. 
Which long before that time was term'd the 
arke. 
Whose vnexpected presence did professe 
Peace to the fleet, but to the foes, distresse. 
England's Eliza, page 86 1. 

To Nicolls's works we can only add, 

1. London's Artillery, briefly containing the 
noble Practise of that worthie Societie; with the 
moderne and ancient martiall Exercises, Natures 
of Armes, Vertue of Magistrates, Antiquitie, 
Glorie and Chronography oj this honourable Cit- 
tie. Lond. I6l6, 4to. l3ed. to sir John Jolles, 
knight, lord mayor of London, of whom he craves 
' no further fauour of protection, then within the 
liberty of my natiue London to liue.' See ex- 
tracts from this work in the British Bibliographer, 
i. 364, 8cc. 

2. Sir Thomas Overbury's Vision, with the 
Ghosts of IVeston, Mistress Turner, the late Lieu- 
tenant of the Tower, and Franklin. Lond. I6l6, 



4to. Reprinted in the Harleian Miscellany, 
vol. vii. The following lines may be quoted as 
some of his best. 

Is it not wealth ye seek? and doth not gold 
Ingenious wits, oft times, in bondage hold? 
The stout sea rangers on the fearful flood. 
That hunt about through Neptune's wat'ry 

wood. 
And, o'er a thousand rocks and sands that lie 
Hid in the deep, from pole to pole do fly; 
Who often, when the stormy ocean raves, 
Fight with fierce thunders, lightnings, winds, 

and waves. 
Having but one small inch of board to stand 
Betwixt them and ten thousand deaths at han4, 
• Expose themselves to all this woe and pain. 
To quench the greedy thirst of golden gain. 
O strong enchantment of bewitching gold! 
For this, the sire by his own son is sold : 
For this, the unkind brother sells the brother; 
For this, one friend is often by another 
Betray'd to death : yea, even for this, the wife 
Both sells her beauty, and her husband's life. 
And I, woe's me, for this did work thy fall, &e.] 

EDWARD EVANS, a noted preacher of his 
time in the university, was born " at Lhanrwst," 
in Denbighshire, " and educated in that school 
" in grammar learning," applyed his eager mind 
to academical studies in Ch. Ch. an. 1398, aged 
sixteen, took the degrees in arts, that of master 
being compleated l607, and afterwards pub- 
lished. 

Verba Dieruni : Or the Day's Report of God's 
Glory. In four sermons or lectures upon one 
text in the imiversity of Oxon. on Psal. IQ. 2. 
Oxon. I6l5,qu. [Bodl. 4to. M. 28. Th.] Ano- 
ther of both his names I find to have been born 
at Westmeane in Hampshire, admitted fellow of 
New coll. 1595, and that he took the degree of 
M. of A. 1602. But this person leaving his fel- 
lowship in l604, and so consequently the uni- 
versity, he is not to be taken for the same who 
published the four sermons before-mention'd. 

JOHN HEATH, more famous for his poetry 
than the former for his preaching, was born at 
Stalls (whether a hamlet or house . 1 know not) in 
Somersetshire, educated in Wykeham's school, 
admitted perpetual fellow of New coll. 1607, 
aged 22, took the degrees in arts, that of master 
being compleated in l6l3, and three years after 
left his fellowship. But before that time, when 
he was bach, of arts, he wrote and published, 

Two'Centuries of Epigrams. Lond. 16I0, in tw. 
and had verses printed in several books that occa- 
sionally were published, particularly in that on 
the death of sir Tho. Bodley, knight. He hath 
also made a translation from Spanish into English, 
which 1 have not yet seen, and wrote other mat- 
ters tit for the press, but whether ever printed, t 
cannot tell. 



Clar. 
1615. 



Clar. 

iei5. 



169 



BILSON. 



170 



[404] 



[Heath is mentioned by B. Jonson in his Disco- 
veries, and by Davies in his Scourge of Folly, 
page 252. 

To my dear friond Mr. J. H. (i.e. John Heath) 
epigrammatiiit, tor u farewell tu him and his re- 
membrance. 

Thou laud'st thine epigrams for being chast: 
No marvel, for the dead are ne'er embrac'd, 
And penal 'twere to ojfer liglit abuses 
*Mong doctors, proctors, and grave heads of 
houses. WUALLEY. 

Jo. Heath translated into Engl. Peler Du 
Moulin his Accomplishment of the Prophecies of 
Daniel and the Revelations, in Defence of K. James 
aeaimt Bellarmine. 12ino. Oxon. It)l3. Dr. 
Zachery Grey and Sir i'liii.ii' Sydenham. 

From his Tuv Centuries 1 extract 
Epigr. 84. 

Ned will not keep the Jewish sabbath, hec, 
Because the church hatli otherwise ordaia'd: 

Nor yet the Ciiristian, for lie does not see 
How alt'ring of the day can be maintain'd. 

Thus, seeming for to doubt of keeping either, 

He halts between them both, and so keeps 
neither. 

It is very j)robable that Heath was author of 
The House ofCorrecion, or certain saturicull Epi- 
grams, Lond. Kiiy, 12mo. to which he prefixed 
only his initials, J. H.] 

THOMAS BILSON, son of Harman Bilson, 
(the same, 1 suppose, who was fellow of Merton 
coll. an. 1536.) son of Arnold Bilson, son and heir 
of Arnold Bilson, a native of High Germany, by 
his wife, the daughter (natural or legitimate, 1 
know not) of the duke of Bavaria, was born in the 
city of Winchester, fitted for the university in 
Wykeham's school there, admitted perpetual 
fellow of New coll. after he had served two years 
of probation, an. 15(Jo, took the degrees in arts, 
holy orders, and became a most solid and con- 
stant preacher in these parts and elsewhere. 
Afterwards he was schoolmaster, (say some) then 
prebendary of Winchester, warden of the coll. 
there, doctor of divinity, and at length bishop of 
Worcester; to which see being consecrated 13 
June, 159(5, was translated thence to Winchester 
in the year following, and made one of his ma- 
jesty privy counsellors, lie was as reverend and 
learned a prelate as England ever afforded, a deep 
and profound scholar, exactly read in ecclesiasti- 
cal authors, and with Dr. Rich. Field of Oxon (as 
Whittaker and Fulke of Cambridge) a principal 
maintainer of the church of England, « hilc Jo. 
Rainolds and Tho. Sparke were upholders of pu- 
ritanism and nonconformity. in his younger 
years he was infinitely studious and industrious in 
poetry, philosophy and physics; and in his elder, 
in divinity, 'lo which last his geny chiefly in- 
Titing him, lie became so compleat in it, so well 
skill'd in languages, so read in the fathers and 



schoolmen, ho judicious in making u»e of hia read- 
ings, that at length he was found to !>e no longer 
a soldier, but a coniniander in chief in the npiri- 
tual warfare, e«pe<-ially when lie b<'came ft bishop, 
and carried prelatuie in his very aspect. His 
works are. 

Of the true Difference between Christian Sub- 
jection and Unchristian Rebellion, wherein the 
Prince's laufnl Power to command and hear the 
Sword, are defended, against the Pope's Censure, 
and Jesuit's Sophisms in their Apologif and Defence 
of English Catholics. Also a Demonstration that 
the Things reformed in the Church of England bif 
the Laws of this Realm, are truly Catholic, against 
the late lihemish Testament. Oxon. 1585, [Bodl. 
4to. B. 29. Th.Seld.] Lond. 1586, in 4 parts, in 
a thick oct. [Bodl. 8vo. B. 85. Th.] In the third 
part of which, is answer'd Dr. Will. Allen's De- 
fence of En'^l. Cath. before mention'd. It must 
be now noted that whereas in England the inte- 
rest of the state had a great influence upon the 
doctrine of obedience, Qu. Elizabeth therefore, 
conceiving it convenient for her worldly designs to 
take on her the protection of the Low-Countries 
against the king of Spain, did employ our author 
Bilson to write the said bo^k of Christian Subjec- 
tion, &c. in which, to justify the revolt of llol- 
land, he gave strange liberty in many cases, espe- 
cially concerning religion, tor subjects to cast off 
their obedience. But this book w Inch served her 
designs for the present, did contribute much to 
the ruin of her successor K. Ch. i. (which one» 
calls 'a just judgment of God'). For there is 
not any book that the presby terians have mode 
more dangerous use of against their prince (Ch. I.) 
than that which his predecessor commanded to 
be written to justify her against the king of Spaui. 
However, our author's (Bilson) successor in \?in- 
chester, I mean i3r. Morley ' saith, that tho' 
bishop Bilson was in an error, yet he was not so 
much for the resisting of kings, as Mr. Rich. Bax- 
ter is.' 

Of the perpetual Government of Christ his 
Church, wherein are handled, the j'atherly Supe- 
riority which God jirst established in the Patri- 
archs, and aj'ter continued in the Tribe of l^evi, 
&c. Also the Points in Question at this Day, 
touching the Jetcish Synedrion, &c. Lond. 1593, 
qu. Sic. Printed in Lat. at Lond. I6IO. 

The Effect of certain Sermons, touching the full 
Redemption oj' Mankind by the Death and Blood 
of Christ Jesus ; wherein besides the Merit of 
Christ's Sufferings, the Manner of his Offering, 
the Power oJ' his Death, the Comfort of his Cross, 
the Glory of his Resurrection are handled, Stc. 
Lond. 1599, 'qu. [Bodl.4to. B. 34. Th.Seld.] T/te 

9 Hug. Paul de Cressey in his Eiomologrsis, &c. can. 18. 

' In lii» yindicatioii of hxmulj' againsl divers scandalous 
Reflections made upon liim by Mr. Hic/i. Baxter, Cap. 3. 
Sect. 6. . , 

' [A Treatise of the Sufferings and Victory of Christ in tke 
Worke of our ll'edemplio'n, declaring by the Scriptures these 



171 



BILSON. 



PITS. 



172 



[405] 



i6i6. 



Clearing of certain Ohjectiom made againut the 
aforesaid Doctrine. — Tlie said sermons being 
preached at Paul's cross, made great alarms 
Muoug the puritannical brethren. Whereupon 
thev ijiasteriiig their forces and comparing their 
notes, seur them to Hen. Jacob, an old dissenter, 
to have them published, with his collections, 
under his own name. But the matter of the con- 
troversy coming to the queen's knowledge, (she 
being at Farnham castle, belonging to the B. of 
Winchester) she signified her pleasure to Bilson, 
that he should neither desert the doctrine, nor 
suffer the function, which he had exercised in the 
church of England, to be trodden and trampled 
under foot by unquiet men, who both abhorred 
the truth and despised authority. Upon which 
command, the bishop did set himself upon the 
%vriting of that learned treatise (chiefly also deli- 
vered by him in sermons) entitled, 

A Survey of Christ's Sufferings and descent into 
Hell. Lond. 1604, fol. " [Bodl. B. 1. 7- Jur. 
Seld.] See more in Hen. Jacob. He also pub- 
lished, 

Sermon at JVeUm. before the K. and Qn. at 
their Coronation on St. James's Dai/, 28 Jul. iCiOS. 
On Rom. 13. 1. Lond. l603, oct. [Bodl. 8vo. R. 
52. Th.] and wrote, 

Orationes 



Urationcs "j 

Carmina varia. VMS. in my libr. 

Vulgaria, &c. J 



He also, with Dr- Miles Smith, added the last 
hand in the translation of the Bible, commanded 
by K. James I. At length after he had gone 
through many employments, and had lived in 
continual drudgery, as 'twere, for the public 
good, surrendred up his pious souf to God on the 
18 of June in sixteen hundred and sixteen, and 
was buried saith ' one, on the South side of West- 
minster abbey church near to the monument of 
K. R. 2. or as the register hath it, near to the 
entrance into S. Edmund's chappel. One John 
Dunbar, a Scot, who writes himself ' Megalo- 
Britannus,' hath a learned epigram " on him, 
which may serve for his epitaph. 

[Dunbar's epigram, which Wood recommends 
as an epitaph, is as follows : 

Ad Thomam Bilsonum, episcopum Vinto- 
niensem. 
Castalidum commune decus, dignissime pra^sul, 

Bilsoni, leternis commemorande modis: 
Quam valide adversus Christi, impertenitus, 
hostes 
Bella geras, libri sunt monumenta tui. 

two Q,uesions, that Christ suffered for us the Wrath of God, 
which toe may tcell lerme the Paynes of Hell or Hellish Sor- 
rows: 2. That Christ after his Death oti the Cross, went tioi 
into Hell in his Soule, contrarie In certaine Errours in these 
Points publickly preached in London. Anno. 1597- Printed 
1598, 8vo. pp. 174. Kennet.] 

' Fr. Godwin in Append, ad Com de Prcesul. Anglice. 

♦ In lib. Epigr. Lond. 1616. in oct. cent. 2. epigr. 4 



His Hydrae fidei quotquot capita alta resurgunt, 
Tu novus Alcides, tot resecare soles. 

p. 42. 

We may add, 

1 . Letters on the Elections of Wardens to Win- 
chester and New Colleges. MS. Lambeth 943, 
page 149. 

Letter to the Lord Treasurer, soliciting his In- 
terest for the Bishoprick of Worcester,, in Strype's 
Jnnals of the liformation, vol. iv. p. 227.] 

JOHN PITS, or Pitsecs as he writes him- 
self, a grand zealot for the R. Cath. cause, son 
of Hen. Pits by Elizabeth his wife, sister to Dr. 
Nich. Saunders, was born at a market town called 
Aulton in Hampshire, educated in juvenile learn- 
ing in Wykeham's school near to W^inton, ad- 
mitted probationer-fellow of New coll. in 1578, 
being then about 18 years of age, but leaving 
that liouse before he was admitted perpetual fel- 
low, which was to be in 1580, he went beyond 
the seas as a voluntary exile, and going to Doway 
was kindly received there by the learned Tho. 
Stapleton, who then gave him advice what course 
to take relating to his studies. Thence he went 
to Rheims, and after one year spent in the Eng- 
lish college he was sent to Rome, and continued 
in the English coll. there also in the zealous pro- 
secution of the studies of philosophy and divinity 
for seven years, and was made a priest. Thence 
he returned to Rheimes where he taught rhetoric 
and Greek for two years. But troubles arising in 
France, he withdrew himself into Lorain, and took 
the degree of master of arts (which before he had 
neglected) at Pont-a-musson, and was soon after 
made bach, of divinity. Thence taking a jour- 
ney into High-Germany, he continued at Triers 
an year and an half, where, after he had performed 
certain exercises, he was made a licentiat of di- 
vinity. Thence, after he had seen several of the 
best cities in Germanj'^, he removed to Ingolstadt 
in Bavaria; where remaining 3 3'ears, did in that 
time, after he had performed solemn disputations, 
take the degree of doctor of his faculty. So that 
b}' that time having viewed several parts of Italy 
and Germany and learned their languages, he 
returned to Lorain ; where by Charles, cardinal 
of Lorain, he was made canon of Verdun. After 
two years spent there, he was called thence by 
the illustrious princess Antonia, daughter to the 
duke of Lorain and wife to the D. of Cleve, and 
was by her made her confessor. And that he 
might be the better serviceable to her, he learned 
the French tongue most accurately; so that it 
was usual with him afterwards to preach in that 
language. In her service continuing about 12 
years, he had leisure to turn over the histories 
of England, whether ecclesiastic or republic. 
Whence making several collections and observa- 
tions, he wrote and digested four great volumes. 
One was of the kings, another of the bishops, a. 



173 



PITS. 



174 



third of apostolical, and a fourth of illustrious and 
learned men of this nation. At 12 years end the 
said duchess dying, he went a third time into 
Lorain, where, by the favour of John bishop of 
Toul, sometimes his scholar, he was promoted to 
the deanery of Liverdune of considerable value ; 
which, with a canonry, and an officialship of the 
said church, he kept to his dying day. He hath 
written, 

De Legibits, Tract. Theoloskus. Trev. 1592. 
De Beat Undine; Tr. Th. Ingols. 1595. 
De Peregriiiatione, lib. 7- Dusseld. 1604. in 
tw. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 207. Th.] dedicated to Antonia, 
dutchess of Cleve. 

Relatiomim Htstoricarum de Rebus Anglicis, 
Tom. 1. qtiatuor Partes complectens, &c. Par. I6l9- 
in a thick qu. [Bodl. 4to. P. 56. Art. Seld.] pub- 
lished by Dr. Will. Bishop, of whom I shall speak 
elsewhere. This book is the same with that De 
illuslri/jus jdjigli(c Scriptoribus, commonly called 
Pitseiis de Scriptoribus. And hath in the begin- 
[406] i^i'ig of it certain prolegomena, containing (1) De 
Laudibus Historic^. (2) De Antiquiiate Ecciesice 
Britannia;. (3) De Academiis, tarn aiitiquis 
Britonum, quatn recentioribus Aiiglorurn. This is 
the first part. The second part containeth the 
lives and characters of English writers. The third 
containeth an appendix, of which I shall speak 
more anon ; and trie fourth, fifteen indices, wnicli 
are, as 'twere, the epitome of memorable things 
of the said first tome. Concerning which, I shall 
make these observations following. (1) That 
according to the time wherein 'twas written, 
things arc expressed in eloquent Latin. (2) That 
the most part thereof, especially concerning the 
writers, is taken from Joh. Bale's book De Scrip- 
toribus Majoris Britannia, notwithstanding he 
declares ^ an abhorrence of him and his book. 
(.1) That therein he omits Wycleve and all the 
Wyclevists, Irish and Scotch writers, which Bale 
for the most part commemorates ; and in their 
room he gives us an account of R. Cath. writers, 
such for the most part, that had left their country 
upon the reformation of religion made by Q. 
Elizabeth, and after, which is the best and most 
desired part of his book. (4) That several writ- 
ers in the Appendix, are taken from a book 
entit. Ecloga Oxonio. Cantabrigiensis, written by 
Tho. James of New coll. Of which book also 
he makes use, when he tells you in what libraries 
the MS. of certain authors, which he mentions, 
are preserved. (5) That tho' he pretends to give 
3'ou an account only of R. Cath. writers, espe- 
cially about the time that reformations were made, 
or endeavoured to be made, yet he sets down (for 
want of full information I presume) some that were 
sincere Protestants, or at least more Protestants 
than Papists, as sir Anth. Cope who died 1551. 
[See vol. i. col. 192.] Jo. Redman who died the 
same year. [vol. i. col. 193.] Tho. Key or Cay, 

' In prima parte, Relat. Historic, p. 53, 54, &c. 



master of Univ. coil, who died 1572. [vol. i. col, 
397.] Joh. Leiand the antiquary, [vol. i. 197.] 
Rob. Record, mathematician, fvol. i. col. 255.] 
Dr. Alb. Hill, [vol. i. col. 308.] an intimate ac- 
quaintance with Jo. Bradford the martyr, Joh. 
Cay the antiquary of Cambridge, Pet. Morwyn 
or Morwyng of Magd. coll. [vol. i. col. 454.] 
Sic. and in the Appendix, George Coriat, rather 
a Puritan, than a true son of the church of Eng- 
land. Robert (for Roger) Taverner, whom I have 
mention'd in Rich. Taverner, an. 1575. [vol. i. 
col. 424.] Timothy Bright of Cambridge, doct. 
of Physic, ' and rector of Methley in \ orkshire, 

''[Bright has been passed over by all our biographical 
writers except Pitts among the earlier, and Chuhiiers among 
the latter. What they have told us concerning him is *ery 
imiKrfect. Perhaps a place may be found in the Atheva 
for a man who appears to have been of eminence in his own 
day, and the following parlicuUrs may not be unaccept- 
able. 

Where he was born, 1 have not discovered, but presume 
that it was in the neighbourhood of Sheffield in Yorkshire, 
where the name was frequent in the time of Kenry VIII, at 
indeed it is at present. He was of Cambridge. In 1572 be 
was at Paris, probably pursuing his medical stodies, and 
narrowly escaped the St. Bartholomew massacre, taking re- 
fuge, as did many of the English, at sir Francis Walsing- 
ham, the English ambassador's house. See Strj'pe's Annalt, 
ii. 151, but cipccialiy the dedication ofhis Abridgment of 
Fox, to sir Francis Walsingham. It appears also, from that 
dedication, that he had found a patron in Walsingham, for to 
him he ascribes it, that his life had iKit only been |>rescrvcd, 
but better sustained, and that he had been defended from 
wrong, which others designed to do unto him, Mr. Peter 
Osborn was also a patron of his, and his obligations to hiia 
are acknowKd^ed in the dedication ofhis Treatise on Melan- 
cholu. This IS dated from St. Bartholomew's, London, 
1580: hence, probably, he practised in town. His work 
entitled Characlerie he dedicates to queen Elizabeth 1588. 
Julys, 1591, thcqueen presented him to the rectoir of Meth- 
ley in Vorkshire, then void by the death of Otlio Ilunt, and 
on the 30th Dec. 15g4 to the rectory of Ber^vick in Klmet, 
in the same county. He held both these livings till his death; 
the latter seems to have been his usual place of abode; there, 
at leabt, he made his will, g Aug. l6l5, in which he leaves 
his body to be buried where God pleases. It was proved at 
York on 13 Nov. lOlS. No memorial is to be found of him 
in either of his churches. He left a widow whose name was 
Margaret, and two sons, Timothy Bright of Melton-suiier- 
Montcm in Yorkshhre, esq. barrister at law, and Titus 
Bright, who was also an M.D. and, 1 apprehend, settled at 
Beverley. He had also a daughter, Elizabeth. 
His writings are, 

1. Medicina Therapeutics Pars de Duscrasia Corporis 
Humnni. Lond. 1583. (Bodl. 8vo. S. 42. Med.) 

2. Animadversiones irt G. A. Scrilonii Physicant. Cantab. 
1584. (Bodl. 8vo. B. 65. Art.) 

3. Treatise of Melancholy. honi.lbiG. (BodL 8vo.B.S5. 
Med.) 

4. Ilygieina ; seu de Sanitate luenda, Medicince Pars 
prima. Lond. 1688. It appears from Vanden Linden, De 
Scriptis Medicis, Amst. 1637, 8vo. Bleau, that the Hygieina 
was printed at Frankfort again in 1598 in l6mo. 

5. Therapcutica, hoc est de Sanitate restituenda, Medi- 
cince Pars altera. 1589 and 1,598. 

6. Chaiaclrrie, or the Art of short, swift, and secret fPrit- 
ing. Lond. 1583. 8vo. 

'7. Abridgement of the Book of Acles and Monuments. 
Lond. 1589. 4to. (Bodl. B. 17. 9. Line.) Hunter. 

For this, and several other xaluable notes in this work, which 
have the name of the contributor appended to them, I ara 
under great obligations to the rev. Joseph Hunter, of JBatb,] 



I 



175 



PITS. 



176 



by the death of Otho Hunt, in July 1391. Tho. 
Moufi'et, a doctor of physic, contemporary with 
Uie former, [vol. i. col. 574 ] Joh. Huntington, 
a zealous reformer and ' the beloved son in Christ 
of Joh. Bale.' [vol. i. col. 241.] Sec among the 
wii ers under the year 1556, &c. (6) That where- 
as he pretends to follow Jo. Leland his Collectanea 
de Scriplorihus Anglia, (for very many times he 
familiarly mentions and quotes them,) 'tis only 
that he may avoid the naming of Bale, for whom 
all IJ. Catholics, nay zealous Protestants, liave 
little or no kindness at all, because his book is 
stulTd with revilings and such language that befits 
rather a huckster at Billingsgate, than the meanest 
or worst of scholars. The truth is, our author 
Pits never saw the said Collectanea, he being but 
ao years of age, or little more, when he left the 
nation, neither was it in his power afterwards, 
if he had been in England, because they were 
kept in such private hands, that few Protestant 
antiquaries, and none of those of the church of 
Rome, could see or peruse them. (7) That in the 
said toine are very many errors, misnomers, &c. 
and so consequently in Bale, whom he follows, 
too many now to reckon ; and how he and Bale 
are most egregiously deceiv'd in what they men- 
tion of Amphibalus' Junior, and of Giibas Bado- 
nicus, you may at large see in the learned Usserius, 
in his book De Primordiis Ecclesiannn, &c. 
printed in qu. an. 1G39; p. 539, 5^3, 477,539, 
557, and 1144. (8) That whereas Pits pretends 
to set down in the said book or tome, only Eng- 
lish writers, he hath mix'd among them some that 
• are outlandlish ; among which are these, Herber- 

tus Losinga, num. 182, born, as he saith, in Suffolk, 
but false, for the MS. which I follow in my mar- 
ginal notes and additions of, and to, the bishops 
of Norwich, mentioned by Franc. [Godwin] 
bishop of Landaff in his book De Frasulibus 
Anglice Commentaritis, saith that he was born in 
' pago Oxinnensi, or Oximcnsi in Normannia.' — 
[407] •'o* Erigena, nu. 133. said by him and many 
others to be born in the city of S. David in 
Wales, but the generality say in Ireland, &.c. 
At the end of the book of illustrious writers, our 
author Pits hath, 

Jppendix illustrium Scripforum trecentoium 
octoginta circiter, Ordine alphabetico per Centuiias 
continens. Made up mostly from Bale, and 
partly from Dr. Tho. James his Ecloga before- 
mentioned. But therein are many authors put, 
which are before in the work it self, De Script, 
illust. Aiiglm, as (I) Godfridus Historicus, cent. 
2. num. 94. p. 844. is the same with Godfridus 
Arturius, or de Monmouth, in the body of the 
work, nu. 212. (2) Gualt. Cepton, cent. 2. nu. 4. 
p. 846. the same with Walter Catton in the body, 
nu. 550. (3) Gulicl. Califord, cent. 2. nu. 18. p. 
851. is the same with (Jul. Cockisford, nu. 653. 
(4) Guliel. de Dunelmo cent. 2. nu. 27. is the 

^ Vide Piu nu, 56. & 59. 



same with Gnl. Shirwood in the body of the work, 
nu. 348. (5) Gul. Worcestrius, c. 2. nu. 53. the 
same with Gul. Buttonerus in the work it self, nu. 
848. p. 648. (6) Joh. Anglicus, cent. 2. nu. 78. 
seems to be the same with Joh. Hoveden, nu. 
396. p. S5Q. (7) Joh. de Alton, cent. 2. nu. 94. 
seems to be the same with Joh. Acton, nu. 416. 
p. 372. (8) Joh. Yorcus, cent. 3. nu. 10. is the 
same with Joh. Eboraccnsis in the same Appendix, 
p. 874. nu. 1. (9) Joh. Uton, cent. 3. nu. 35. 
IS the same with Joh. Stone in the body of the 
work, nu. 862. p. 657. (10) Rich, de Montibus, 
cent. 3. nu. 80. seems to be the same with Will, 
de Montibus, nu. 302. p. 285. (11) Rich. Ruys, 
c. 3. nu. 92. tho same with Rich. Rufus, nu. 380. 
p. 348. (12) Rob. Bridlington, c. 3. nu. 100. the 
same with Rob. Scriba, nu. 244. p. 242. (13) 
Rob. Cestrensis c. 4. nu. 2. the same with Rog. 
Cestrensis, nu. 514. p. 438. (14) Miserorum 
Simplissimus, c. 3. nu. 52. seems to be the same 
with Joh. Wethamstede, nu. 818. p. 630. (15) 
Rob. Dominicanus, c. 4. nu. 8. the same with 
Rob. Holcot, nu. 333. p. 463. (1 6) Rob. Here- 
fordiensis, c. 4. nu. 1 1. the same with Rob. Eoliot 
B. of Hereford, nu. 236. p. 236. (17) Robertus 
Prior, c. 4. nu. 13. is the same with Rob. Canutus, 
nu. 234. p. 234. Which R. Canutus also is sup- 
posed to be the same with Rich. Greekladensis, 
p. 397. nu. 448. and that Rich, to be the same 
with Rob. Greekladensis, mentioned by Leland 
in vol. 3. Collect, p. 36. where 'tis said that the 
said Rob. wrote 40 Homilies, and a tract. De 
Connubio Jacob, which makes me think that 
the said Robert Prior, may be the same with the 
said Rob. Greeklade, and the same R. Greeklade 
to be the same with Rob. Canutus. (18) Rog. 
Junius, c. 4. nu. 23. seems to be the same with 
Rog. Hcrefordiensis, nu. 238. p. 237. See more 
fully in Hist. Sf Jntiq. Univ. Oxon. lib. 1. p. 53. 
(19) Roger Varro, c. 4. nu. 27. seems to be the 
same with Gul. de Waria, nu. 384. p. 349. (20) 
Simon Dominicanus, c. 4. nu. 35. is the same 
with Sim. Henton, nu. 591. p. 486. (21) Steph. 
Anglicus, cent. 4. nu. 38. seems to be the same 
with Steph. Langton, nu. 326. p. 302. (22) Tho. 
Wicket, c. 4. nu. 68. the same with Tho. Wiccius, 
nu. 425. p. 379- (23) Anonymus alter, c. 1. nu. 
20. the same with Rich. Canonicus, nu. 283. p. 
267. &c. And as our author Pits hath repeated 
many writers in the said Appendix, which were 
before in the work it self, so hath he mixed a 
great many outlandish writers among them, sup- 
posing them to be English, among whom are, 
(1) Alacenus, cent. 1. nu. 8. who was an Arabian, 
as from his works maybe gathered. (2) Anonymus 
Sacerdos, c. 1. nu. 26. who hath written In 
Apocali/psim S. Johannis. Lib. 8. Which book 
divers writers do attribute to Peter Scaliger bish. 
of Verona. (3) Joh. de Muriis, c. 2. nu. 97. 
Who was a French-man of Paris. (4) Joh. Major, 
c. 3. nu. 15. he was a Scot born. (5) Joh. Mea- 
rus, c. 3. nu. 18. whom I take to be Joh. de 



177 



AIRAY. 



178 



lCi6. 
[408] 



Meara an Irish-man. (G) Guido Folia episc. 
Eliensis, c. 2. riii. 13. He is the same with Guido 
Eliiensis in Majoiica, who sometimes writes him- 
self Guido Peipinian Elnensis. No Guido Folia 
was ever bish. of" Ely. (7) Gilla Lincolniensis, 
c. 2. nu. 93. He was an Irish-man, was bishop 
of Limerick, and died about 1139. (8) Anton. 
Pacinus, c. 1. nu. 28. he was an Italian, 8c.c. 
At length after our author Jo. Pits had spent 
most of his time in rambling, and but little at 
Liverdune, he gave way to fate there, on tlie 17 
Octob. according to the accompt there followed, 
in sixteen hundred and sixteen, whereupon his 
body was buried in the collegiat ch. at that 
place, and had soon after this inscription put over 
nis grave : * Hie jacet D. Pitz, quondam decanus, 
ofKcialis, & canonicus hujus ecclcsioe, doctor SS. 
thcoiogiae, qui dccessit ex hac vita 17 Oct. an. 
I6l6.' As for the other volumes, which our author 
saith he hath written, viz. a vol. of the kings, 
another of the bishops, and a third of apostolical 
men, of England ; they were not buried with him, 
as he desired, in case he should not live to finish 
them, but were saved, and are to this day preserv- 
ed as rarities in the archives of the coll. or church 
at Liverdune. One of the said volumes, if not 
more, were used and quoted by Edward Maihew 
a Benedictine monk, sometimes scholar to our 
author Pitscus, in a book which he published at 
Rheimes, an. Itil9. en tit. Congregationis Angli- 
canee Ordinis S. Benedicti Trophaa. Which 
Maihew was a Salisbury man born, and a pro- 
fessed monk of the congregation at Cassino, 
called by the French, Mount Cassin, about 48 
miles distant from Naples. The other book of 
bishops, which our author wrote, and often refers 
to, in his book De Scriptorihm, is chiefly a collec- 
tion taken from the Catalogue of the Bishops of 
^w^/an^/, published by Francis Godwin sub-dean 
of Exeter, an. 1601. as I have been informed 
by one that hath seen and perused the book. 

HENRY AIRAY was born in Westmorland, 
educated in grammatical learning by the care of 
Bernard Gilpin the Northern apostle, and by him 
sent to S. Ldmund's-hall, an. 1379, aged 19, or 
thereabouts, of whose benefaction he did not only 
then participate, but also of his legacies in his last 
will, dated 27 Oct. 1582. Soon after our author 
Airay was translated to Queen's coll. where he 
became ' pauper puer serviens,' that is, a poor 
serving child that waits on the fellows in the 
common-hall, at meals, and in their chambers, 
and do other servile work about the college. 
After he was bachelor's standing, in 1583, he was 
made pauper puer, or tabardus or tabardarius; 
that is, a tabarder or tabitter, (so called because 
anciently they wore coats, or upper gowns, much 
according to the fashion of those belonging to 
heralds,) and in the year 1586, master of arts and 
fellow. Which servile work belonging to pauper 
puer serviens, when under-graduats, all are to 
Vol. II, 



undergo before tliey can be fellow*. About ihe 
time he was master, he entred into holy orders, 
and became a fre(|uent and zealous |>rencher in 
the university, particularly in the church of S. 
Peter in the liast, joyning to Qu. coll. and taking 
the degree of B. of div. in 1594, was four yean 
after cnose provost of his college. In 1600 he 
proceeded in divinity, and six years after did 
undergo the office of vice-chancellor, wherein, 
as always before, he sliewed himself a zealous 
Calvinist,' and a great maintainer of such that 
were of his mind, which then went beyond the 
number of those that were true English ch. men. 
He is reported by those of his party, e«pecialljr 
such that had an admiration for him, that he con- 
demned himself to obscurity, and affected a re- 
tired and a private life, but being generally noted 
and esteemed for his holiness, integrity, learning, 
gravity, and indefatigable pains in the discharge 
of his ministerial function, &c. he could not hide 
himself from the eyes of the world. Also that, 
by his singular wisdom and dexterity in the go- 
vernment of his college, many learned ministers 
were sent thence into the church, and many wor- 
thy gentlemen into the common-wealth, &c. To 
pass by other commendations, which are needless 
now to repeat, I shall only tell you of his writings, 
which were published after his death, viz. 

Lectures upon the whole Epistle i>/' Ht. Paul to 
the Philippians. Lond. 1618. qu. [Bodl. 4to. A. 
68. Th.] Which lectures having been preached 
in the church of St. Peter in the East in Oxon 
were published after his death by Christop. Potter, 
fellow of Queen's coll. with an epistle before 
them of his composition. 

The just and necessary Apology touching his 
Suit in Laic for the Rectory of Charlton on Ot- 
more in Oifotdshire. Lond. 1621.oct. [Bodl.Svo- [409] 
F. 12. Art. BS.] Published also by the said Pot- 
ter, a great admirer of this author and his doc- 
trine. 

Treatise against bowing at the Name of Jesut.— 
When printed I know not, for I have not yet seen 
it. Tho. Beacon, an old Calvinist, had long 
before written on that subject, and about Airay's 
time Dr. W. Whittaker, and Andr. Uillet, did 
the like. As for our author he died in Queen's 
coll. on the sixth of the ides of Octob. in sixteen igig. 
hundred and sixteen, aged 57, and was buried in 
the inner chappel of the said coll. Over his grave 
were soon after put two monuments, one on the 
ground, and another in the South wall, with in- 
scriptions on both of them, the copies of which 
you may see in Hist, i^ Antiq. Univers. Oxou. 
lib. 2. p. 124. b. 

[There is an engraved print of Airy, from his 
monument in the old chap|)el at Queen's coll. in 
which he is represented as kneeling on a pedestal, 
with an inscription beneath.] 

' See Hist. tS" Antiq. Vnivcrs. Oxon. lib. 1. p. 300. b. 
309. b. 312. b. 

N 



^ 



379 



TATE. 



180 



FRANCIS TATE, son of Barthol. Tate of 
Delapre in Northamptonshire esq; was born 
there, or at least in that county, became a com- 
moner of Magd. coil, in 1377 aged 17, where 
laying a fountlation of learning, for a greater 
structure to be erected thereon, departed without 
a degree to the iMiddie Temple, and in lime 
• A person of became a noted counsellor,* a person 
great hartiing of great learning in the antiquity of 
tn the law, and our law, and eminent for his kiiow- 
eminent/orhis i^-d^e in the Saxon language. In 
knowledge t« the'latter end of Q. Elizabetirhe was 
anttgutties ana i • i ^ i 

in the Saxon » parliament man, and m the 5 Jac. 
/an^uage. First I. ho was Lent-rcader of the Middle 
JEdit. Temple, and about that time one of 

the justices itinerant for S. Wales. He hath 
written several matters relating to antiquity, 
which being crept into private hands, the public 
is thereby rob'd of the benefit of them. How- 
ever some of them 1 have seen, which bear these 
titles, 

Nomina Hydarum in Com. Northampton. — MS. 
much used by Augustine Vincent son of Will. 
Vincent of Wellingborough and Thingdon in 
Korthamptonshire, in his intended Survey, or 
Antiquities of NortJiamptonsldre, I have a copy 
of this lying by me. 

Explanation of the abbreviated Words in Dooms- 
day Book. — Used also by the said Vincent, who 
after he had been Rouge Croix and Windsor 
Herald, as also had published, A Disoven/ of 
Errors in two Editions of tlie Catalogue of i\obi- 
lity, written by Ralph. Brook, did yield to nature 
on the 1 1 Jan. in 1625, and was buried in the 
church of St. Bennet near to Paul's Warf in 
London. The said two MSS. of Franc. Tate 
were reserved as rarities in the library of Christop. 
lord Hatton of Kirkly in Northamptonshire, but 
where they are now I know not. 

His Opinion touching the Antiquity, Tower, 
Order, State, Manner, Persons, and Proceedings 
of the High Court of Parliament in England. — 
See more in Joh. Doderidge, under the year 
1628. 

Learned Speeches in Parliaments, held in the 
latter End of Q. Elizab. and in the Reign of K. 
Jam. I. — with other things which I have not yet 
seen. He lived a single man, and dying so on 
l8i6. the « l6 Nov. in sixteen hundred and sixteen, was 
buried, I suppose, in the church belonging to the 
Temples. He had a nephew, son of his elder 
brother sir William Tate of Delapre, called 
Zouch Tate, who became a gentleman commoner 
of Trinity college in 1621, aged 15 "years," but 
took no degree. In 1640 he was chosen a bur- 
gess for Northampton to serve in that unhappy 
parliament, which began at Westminster the 3d 
of November the same year, where siding with 
the factious crew, took the covenant, and became 



* Cambden ta Anaal. Reg. Jac. I. MS. sub. an. l6l6. 



a zealous enemy to the king and his cause. 
" This is the person who first mov'd in the house 
" of commons in 1644, That no member of each 
" house of parliament should, during the war then 
" being, enjoy or execute any oflTice or command 
" military or civil ; which afterwards being voted, 
" an ordinance was brought in, and pass'd accord- 
" ingly. This motion of Mr. Tate wiis brought 
" with a similitude of a boyl upon his thumb, 
" Being set on by that party, who contriv'd the 
" outing of the captain general of the parliament 
" army called Robert earl of Essex, and to bring 
" on their own designs, which they could no other 
" way efiect but by passing a self-denying ordi- 
" nance (as they called it) which would serve [4101 
" their turn, both as a specious pretence of their 
" own integrity, and waving all self-ends, which 
" would be plausible to the people, and also com- 
" prehend the said general and the rest ; as also 
" without naming him, which for shame and in- 
" gratitude they could not think fit to be done." 
Two or more speeches of this Mr. Tate are 
printed, one of which was spoken in a common- 
hall at London, the third of July l645, containing 
Observations on the King and Queeti's Cabinet of 
Letters, Lond. 1645. qu. Which speech, with 
that of John J-iisle and John Brown (of Dorset- 
shire) were animadverted upon by Thomas Brown 
of Christ Church, as hereafter it shall be told yon. 
There were also annotations printed at the end of 
the said Cabinet of Letters taken at Naseby Bat- 
tle, where the king was worsted, printed 1645. 
qu. but who the author of them was I cannot 
tell.' " See more in W hitlock, p. 113." 
[Add to Tate's writings : 

1. The Antiquity, Use and Privilege of Cities^ 
Boroughs and Towns. Dated Feb. Q. 1598. MS. 
Tanner, vol. fol. 248. Printed in Gutch's Col- 
lectanea Curiosa, 1781, vol. i. 

2. The Antiquity, Use and Ceremonies of larcf nil 
Combats in England. Written Feb. 13. 1600. 
MS. Tanner vol. 85, fol. 95, and vol. 279, 
page 283. Printed in the Collectanea Curiosa, 
1. 6. 

3. Of Knights made by Abbots. Dated June 
21, 1()06 Printed in Hearne's Curious Dis- 
courses, vol. 1. page 84, edit. Lond. 1775, 8vo. 

4. Questions about the Ancient Britons ; which 
with the answers by Jones, are printed in Curious 
Discourses, vol. 1. p. 126, &c. 

5. Of the Antiquity of Aims in England. Dated 
Nov. 2. 1598. Printed in the same, vol. 1. p. 168. 

6. Of the Antiquity, Variety and Ceremonies of 
Funerals in England. Dated April 30, 1600. 
Printed in the same, vol. 1. p. 215. 

7. The Antiquity, Authority and Succession of 
the High Steward of England. Dated June 4. 
l603. Printed in the same, vol. ii, page 30.] 

' [See a character of Zonch, of a very unfavourable na- 
ture, iu Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy, part i. page Qi. 
where be is said to be the auUior of these aotcsj 



181 



FIELD. 



IMi 



•ncfintf. "RlCHAIin FIELD,* son of 

ittkn contains " .John, son of Tliomas, soil of ano- 
a very imprr- " tiler Tlioinas, and lie the son of 
feet account nf it RaJph Field of llernpsted, about 

r'''ikod"i7 " ^'^ '"''•^'^ *'■'"'" ^- -^"^'»'* '» ^'-■"- 
J!re liel/iain- " ^^ordshirc, was, as his ' son hath 
fd Nai/i(^nicl " informed me, born in the said 
Field's MX. " town of Hcmpsted, on the 15 of 
life. It has not " Ootob. 15(31, and being while a 

lea deemed ,, ,.,,i,^j ^f ^ , j f 

point out the " ''"*" ordinary parts, he was, by the 
additions here, " care of his father, educated in 
nor indeed " grammar learning, and when fitted 
would it have «' for the university was sent to Oxon, 
tr/o'Zrjor " i» '577, in wKich year being set- 
Wood re-wrote " l^l^d in Magdalen coll. he was at- 
the article, and " terwards matriculated ' as a Kent- 
greatly impro- '< ]s\\ man born, and a member of 
ved It, as it u ^Y^n^ house ; wherein continuing in 
710W stands. -, j j • \ i- \ i .ii i 

" drungmg at his book, till he was 

" bachelor's standing, retired to Magd. hall and 
" took the degrees in arts ; at which time he was 
" a man of a strong and healthful constitution, 
" but his studies, together with multiplicity of 
" business, and frequent journies, after he had left 
"the hall, hindred him from taking that care of 
" iiis health, which otherwise he might have 
" done. After he had taken the magisterial 
" degree, he, for about seven years together, was 
" not only a daily reader of logic and philosophy, 
" but also a moderator, and every Sunday a dis- 
" cuss of controversies against Bellarmine and 
" other pontiliciaus before his feilow-aularians, 
" and many others ; among whom was the famous 
" Dr. Job. Rainolds, who tlu)' his senior by far, 
" yet he delighted to hear him read. He was 
" at that time esteemed one of the best disputants 
" in Oxon, and so eminently the best that most 
" scholars did acknowledge him to be so : And 
" when for recreation sake he would usually go 
" to the schools, and there take the questions of a 
" bachelor or under-graduatc to dispute, those 
" that knew his customs would follow him pur- 
" posely to hear him argue. Afterwards he be- 
" came well skill'd in the knowledge of school- 
" divinity, and yet withal he was a singular 
" preacher, (tho' it be a rare thing for the same 
" man to attain unto perfection in both those 
" kinds) which made him to be esteem'd the 
" honour of the university that bred him, and 
" particularly of that house whereof he was a 
" member, equal in his time, and after, for num- 
" ber of students, with most colleges in the 
" university, as also for eminent men, (not that 
" I shall take notice of those that have been ene- 
" mies in their writings and practices against the 



' " Nathaniel Field, rector of Stourton, com. Wilts, in a 
" little MS. written by him, entit. Some short Memorials con- 
" cerningthe Life of that Rev. Divine, Dr. Rich. Field Prth. 
" of Windsor and Dean of Gtoc. &c." 

» " Beg. Maine. Univ. Oxon. P. p. gO." 



" church of England) aa it is very well known. 

" After he had spent 7 V'-'ars while ne wan M. of 

" A. in Magd. hall, he became reader of divinity 

" for a time in the cath. church at W inchcBter, 

" and in 1.394, he being then bach, of div. woa 

" chosen reader of that faculty to the honourable 

" society of Lincolns-Inn in London, where he 

" took his diet at the bencher's table. While lie 

"continued there he gave very j/i 

" ment to the judicious and learned .. I 

" gained many friends among them : 1 i 

"that Rich, kingamill esq; one of the ! i 

" and surveyor of the court of wards, did, without 

" miy solicitation, bciitow on him the parsouagtf 

" of Burrowclerc in liampshirc, about a mile 

" distant from Highclcere, (tlie habitation of the 

" said Kingsmill) as being desirous to have him 

" near unto him, purposely that he miL' ' f+M] 

" his company, and the benefit of his i 

" the ministry. After he was settled at liuirow- 

" cleere, he had the olFer of the parsonage of S. 

" Andrews church in Holbourn near London, a 

" place of greater value and more in the wa^ to 

" preferment, but he chose rather to continue 

" where he was, as liking a more retired life, 

" where he might with more freedom serve God 

" and follow his studies. In 1598, our author 

" Field being then doctor of <liv. was made 

" chaplain to Q. Elizabeth, and prca<hing before 

" her to her creat liking he was admitted chap- 

" lain in ordinary 27 of Sept. the same year. 

" About that time there was a friendship between 

" him and the famous Mr. Rich. Hooker, and 

" the more that their judgments agreed together, 

" were both of a suitable temper, of deep and 

" profound learning and of remarkable humility, 

" In the beginning of K. Jam. 1. he was made 

" chaplain in ordinary to him, and by his majes- 

" ty's own appointment he was sent for to be at 

" Hampton court. In the beginning of Aug. 

" 1604, ' he became canon of Windsor on the 

" death of John Chamber, and in the year after, 

" when the said king was to be entcriain'd at 

" Oxon with all manner of schoiastical exer- 

" cises, he was sent for out of the country to 

" bear a part in the divinity-act. His antagonist 

" in that disputation was the learnetl Dr. John 

" Aglionby principal of S. Edm. hall, and the 

" question disputed on was ; * An sancti & angeli 

" cognoscunt cogitationes cordium.'' which bein" 

" learnedly handled on both sides, was esteemed 

" the best disputation that ever was heard, as sir 

" Nath. Brent then a master of arts of some years 

" standing used to report. In l(i09, lie became 

" dean of Glocestcr in the room of Dr. Tho. 

" Morton promoted to the deanery of Vs'in- 

" Chester, but never resided on that dignity, only 

" preached there 4 or 5 times in an year. The 

' [Installatus in canonioatu Windsor 3 Aug. l604, loco 
Chainl)cr. Kensjbt.] 

N a 



183 



FIELD. 



184 



" greatest part of his time he spent at his par- 
" sonage, and part of tlie winter at Windsor, 
" where he had the company of learned men, who 
" often had recourse to him for resolution in 
" sundry points of divinity. Dr. Ralph Barlow 
" (afterwards dean of Wells) writing to him to 
" know his opinion in a point of divinity, tells 
" him in the close of his letter, that ' he much 
" esteemed his learning and judgment ever since 
" lie had been his auditor at Magd. hall, and 
" in the church of S. Martin (commonly called 
" Carfax) in Oxon.' Dr. Crakanthorp also, ad- 
" vising with him by letter about sometiiing 
" wliicli he met with in his books Of the C/niirh, 
" tells him that he longs to confer again and often 
" with him. An able divine who did frequently 
" use to visit him, told him, that he always loaded 
" himself with questions w herisoever he went unto 
" him ; and a judicious divine, preb. of Wind- 
" sor, used often to say that he was the most 
" profitable person that he ever conversed with 
" m his life, and that from him most difficult 
" things were to be learned, &,c. The famous 
" sir Hen. Savile was his intimate acquaintance, 
" and sir Hen. Nevill who liv'd not far from 
" Windsor, a man of great learning and eminent 
" parts, who had been employed embassador into 
" France by qu. Eiizab. did rejoice in no man's 
" company more than in his. When K. Jam. I. 
" (to whom he was chapl. in ordinary) heard 
" him the first time preach, he said. This is a 
" Field for God to dwell in, an expression not 
" much unlike to that in the book called The 
" Holy War, where in lib. 4. cap. 5. the author 
" (Tho. Fuller) citing something out of the third 
" book Of the Church, written by our author 
" Field, he stileth him that learned divine, whose 
" memory smelleth like a Field the Lord hath 
" blessed. W^hen K. James came to Windsor he 
" was commonly appointed to preach before, be- 
" cause he usually delighted to discourse with, 
" him in points of divinity. He had once a 
" purpose of sending him into Germany for the 
" composing of the differences between the Lu- 
" therans and the Calvinists, many of them being 
" such, as might be composed, if men would but 
" rightly understand one another. What moved 
" him afterwards to alter his purpose, I know not, 
" but his good opinion of our author continued 
" to the last. Not long before his death his 
" majesty was very willing to bestow upon him 
" the bishoprick of Salisbury, but the solicita- 
" tions of some great persons prevailed with 
" him to give it to Dr. Rob. Abbot. About 
" which time the bishop of Oxon being like to 
" die, he was resolved to bestow that see upon 
" him : And sir George Villiers, afterwards duke 
T4121 " ^^ Buckingham, did bv his letters to him, dated 
*-^ *•» " at Wansted on the eleventh of Jul. I6l6, tell 
" him that if he w as minded to take that see upon 
" him, he should repair to the court, kiss the king's 



" hand, and keep those benefices he had in Com- 
" mendain with it ; but God was pleased to pre- 
" fcr him to a better place, for soon after he 
" died, as 1 shall tell you anon. He was in his 
" time esteemed a principal maintainer of Pro- 
" testancy, a powerful preacher, a profound school- 
" man, exact disputant, and so admirable well 
" knowing in the controversies between the Pro- 
" testants and Papists, that few or none went 
" beyond him in his time. He had a great me- 
" mory, and any book which he read he was able 
" to carry away the substance of it in his memory, 
" and to give an account of all the material pas- 
" sages therein. As his memory was great, so 
'' his judgment greater, and was able to penetrate 
"into. the most subtile and intricate disputes, 
" yet not to make use of his party for the in- 
" creasing of controversies, but rather for the 
" composing of them. He was much against dis- 
" puting about the high points of predestination 
" and reprobation, which have troubled the church 
" of late years : ^ior did he like that men should 
" be busy in determining what God's decrees 
" in heaven are, whose councils are unanswerable, 
" and whose ways are past finding out. When 
" upon a time he was at Oxford act and heard 
" Dr. Rob. Abbot the king's professor read upon 
" points, commonly called Arminian points, he 
" seemed to be much offended at it when he 
" return'd to his lodgings, and told one that was 
" in his company, named Rob. Bostock (after- 
" wards D. D.) that he was a young man, and 
" may live to see great troubles in the church 
'* of England occasioned by those points; add- 
" ing that Oxford hath been hitherto free from 
" such matters, tho' Cambridge hath been dis- 
" quieted with them, &c. He was one that much 
" laboured to heal the breaches of Christendom, 
" and was ready to embrace truth, wheresoever 
" he found it. His desire, his prayers, his endea- 
" vours were for peace, to make up the breaches 
" of the church, not to widen differences but 
" to compose them. He was a good and faith- 
" ful pastor, and his care reached unto all the 
" churches. He was a loving husband, a tender 
" father, a good master and neighbour, and 
" ready and willing to do good to all, &c. His 
" works are, 

" Of the Church, four Books. Lond. 1606. fol.' 
" f Bodl. 4to. F. 20. Th.] To which he added a 
" fifth book. — Lond. I6l0. fol. with an appendix 
" containing A Defence of such Passages of the 
"former Books that have been excepted against, or 
" wrested to the Maintenance of the Romish Errors. 
"All which were reprinted at Oxon. 1628. fol. 
" [Bodl. J. 5. 16. Th.] The said four books Of 
" the Church coming into the hands of the learned 
" Dr. Joh. White, he was so much taken with 
" them that in a marginal note to his epistle 
" set before his book entit. The Way to the true 
" Church, he saith thus of them, ' If any maa 



185 



FIELD. 



HAKLUYT. 



186 



\ 



" desire to see all these and other questions more 
" scholasticaliy and accurately handled, let liiin 
" read Dr. Rich. Field, Of' the Church, printed 
" 1606, a book that 1 rccoinniend to our zeal- 
" ousest adversaries to read with diligence, and 
" to compare with the learnedest that liave writ- 
" ten of their own side.' — Our author Dr. Field 
" hath also published, 

" j4 Sermon preached before the King at JVhite- 
" hall. On Jude, ver. 3. Lond. 1(J04. qu. And 
" a little before his death had for the most part 
" composed a book entit. 

" ^ View of the Controversies in Religion, 
" which in these last Times have caused the lament- 
" able Divisions of the Christian World. — But 
" this book being not perfected, it was never pub- 
" lished, tho' a preface was written to it by its 
" author. At length this learned divine surrend- 
" ri[ig up his pious soul to the great God that 
1616. " first gave it, on the 21 1 of Nov. in sixteen hun- 
" dred and sixteen, was buried in the outer chap- 
" pel of S. George at Windsor, a little below the 
" choir, near to the body of his sometimes wife 
" named Elizabeth, daughter of Rich. Harris, 
[413] " sometimes fellow of New coll. and afterwards 
" rector of Hardwick in Bucks, and sister to Dr. 
" John Harris, sometimes warden of Wykeham's 
" coll. near Winchester : which Elizabeth dying 
"in 1614, aged 41, the said Dr. Field her hus- 
" band took to him for his second wife, (about a 
" month before he died) the w idow of Dr. Job. 
" Spenser, president of Corp. Ch. coll. in O.von. 
" In the deanery of Glocester succeeded Dr. Will. 
" Laud, and in the canonry of Windsor, Edmund 
" Wilson, doctor of physic, and fellow of King's 
" coll. in Cambridge. When K. James L heard 
" of Dr. Field's death he seemed to be very sorry, 
" and said to his attendants near him, ' l should 
" have done more for that man,' Dec. Over his 
" grave was soon after laid a plank of black mar- 
" ble, and thereon this inscription engraven on a 
" copper-plate fastned thereunto, ' Richardus 
" Field luijus olim collegii canonicus, & occle- 
" sie Gloucestrensis decan. vere doctor theolo- 
" giae, 8c Author librorum quinque De Ecclesia. 
" Una cum Elisabetha Harrisia sanetissima charis- 
" sima conjuge, ex qua sex reliquit filios, filiam 
" unicam. Hie sub communi marmore expectant 
" Christi reditum, qui felicitatem, quam ingrcssi 
" sunt, adventu suo perficeat, ac consummet. 
" Obierunt in Domino, ille anno salutis 16 16. 
" aetatis sua; 55. Haec anno salutis l6l4. aetatis 
" suae 41." 

[The MS. life of Field, from which Wood de- 
rived the materials for the account given in the 

♦ Cat. Ctistodum sive Decanorum Capella regire S. Geor- 
gii infra Casfrum de Jf'indsore, nccnun Canonicorum sive 
Vrel: ibid. MS. script, per Tho. Frith, c. 3. bac. & can. 
ejusd. cap [Since printed at the end of the third volume of 
Ashmole's Antiquities of the County of Berks, Lond. 17)9» 
8vo. Rawlinson.] 



second edition of these ATHF.NiE, Wiis printed at 
London in the year I7lfi-17, Bvo. by John Lc 
N<!ve, under tlie following title: Some short Me- 
morials concerning the Life of that reverend Di- 
vine, Dr. Richard Field, Prebendarie of fViiul- 
sor, and Dean of Gloucester, the learned Author of 
Five Hooks 0/ the Church. Tiiis was dedicated 
to White Kennet, then dean of Peterborough. 
It contains little that is omitted by Wood, yet 
it dill'er.s from him in one circumstance, stating, 
that Field was entirely educated at Magdalen 
hall, and taking no notice of his entrance at Mag- 
dalen college, in which assertion Wood was un- 
doubtedly correct, as the following extract > from 
the matriculation book proves: 

' Coll. Magdal. Richardus Fycid, Cantiui, 
pleb. fil. an. 19- V.' 

Wood states, that he died on the 2l8t, his ion 
that it was on the 13lh, of November. He suf- 
iered no previous illness, being suddenly de- 
prived of all sense and motion by a fit of apo- 
plexy. 

In Le Neve's publication is given the preface 
of Field's Fiett) of the Controversies in Relieiou, 
with some propositions and conclusions of Elec- 
tion and Reprobation ; all that now remain of the 
work. 

Le Neve adds one circumstance from Fuller, 
unknown to Wood ; namely, that Dr. Field was 
one of the first fellows nominated by king James 
the first, for the intended foundation of Chelsey 
college.] 

RICHARD HAKLUYT was born of, and 
descended from, an antient and genteel family of 
his name living at Yetton in Herefordshire, 
elected student of Ch. Ch. from M'^estminster 
school, in 1570, took the decrees in arts, lived for 
some time in the Middle-Temple, where, I pre- 
sume, he studied the municipal law. Afterwards 
he entred into holy orders, and at length became 
prebendary of the fourth stall in the church of 
vVestminster, in the place of one Dr. Rich. Web- 
ster,* an. 1605, and rector of Wethcringset in 
Suffolk.' But that which is chiefly to be noted 
of him is this, that his geny urging him to the 
study of history, especially to the marine uart 
thereof, (which was encouraged and furthered by 
sir Francis Walsingham,) made him keep con- 
stant intelligence with the most noted seamen at 
Wapping near London. From whom, and many 
small pamphlets and letters, that were published 
and went from hand to hand in his time, con- 

' [For which I am indebted to the rev. John Gutch, regi- 
strar of the university.] 

* [Ric. Webster, S. T. B. admiss. ad. red. S. Clementis 
Dacorum, I^ndon 22. Maij, 1589, cui siiccessit Jo. LayfieW, 
S. T. B. 23. Mar. 1601, per raort. Webster. Reg. Lond, 
Kennet.] 

' [Ric'us Hackluyte, M. A. institutus ad Wethcringsett 
cum Blockford dioc. Norwic. SO. April 1590. Bakeb and 
Wanlky.] 



187 



llAKLUYT. 



SMITH. 



188 



1616. 



ceming the voyages and travels of several per- 
sons, he compiled a book entit. 

English Foyases, Navigations, Traffics, and 
Discoveries. Lond. J598,» y9, and I6OO, in throe 
vol. in fol. [Bodl. 11. 8. 15, 16. Art.] Which 
work being by him performed with great care 
and industry, cannot but be an honour to the 
realm of England, because possibly many ports 
and islands in America, that are base and barren, 
»nd only bear a name for the present, may prove 
rich places in future time. 

Notes of certain Commodities in good Hequest 
in the Eastt-Indies, the Molucca's, and China. — 
MS. among those given by Selden's executors to 
the public library at O.xon. [Arch. Seld. B. subt. 
N° 8.] He also illustrated by diligent observa- 
tion of time, and with most useful notes, Peter 
Mart. Anglerius, his eight decades De novo orbe. 
Par. 1587. oct. "> and corrected and much amended, 
and translated into English, The Discoveries of 
the World front the first Original, unto the Year 
of our Lord 1555. Lond. 16OI. qu. briefly writ- 
ten in the Portugal tongue, by Anth. Galvano, 
governor of Ternate, the chief island of the Mo- 
lucca's : As also from the said language into our 
English tongue, Virginio richli/ valued by the 
Description of' the main Land of Florida, her next 
Neighbour. Lond. I6O9. qu. [Bodl. 4to. F. 2. 
Art. BS.] He paid his last debt to nature, 23 
Nov. in sixteen hundred and sixteen, and was 
buried in the abbey church of Westminster, dedi- 
cated to S. Peter, on the 26th of the same month, 
leaving behind him a son named Edmund, be- 
gotten on the body of Frances his wife, to w horn 
he left his manor of Bridgplace; and several te- 
nements in Tuttlcstreet within the city of West- 
minster. Oliver Hackluyt, brother to the said 
Richard, was a student of Ch. Ch. also, and being 
graduated in physic had an happy hand in the 
practice of it. In R. Hackluj t's prebendship of 
Westminster succeeded Joh. Holt of Cor. Ch. 
coll. as I shall tell you elsewhere. 

[K. James I. by letters patent, dated 10. April 
1606, did incorporate sir Tho. Gates, sir George 
Summers, knights ; Mr. Richard Hackluit, clerk, 
preb. of Westminster, and Edward Maria Wing- 
field, esq. adventurers, of the city of London, and 
such others as should be joined unto them, to be 
called * the first colony,' to begin their plantation, 
and beat, upon any part of the coast of Virginia. 
Kennet. 

The same volume among Selden's MSS. just 
referred to, contains two pieces overlooked by 
Wood: 

1. The chief e Places where sondry sortc of Spices 

■ ' [The first edition of the first volume of these Voyages 
was folio, Lond. 1589, (Bodl. H.8. 14. Art.); it differs, 
however, very considerably from the second and best. A new 
edition, with additions, apoeared in folio. Lond. 18 .] 

» [Dedicated to sir Walter Raleigh. He wa» then at 
Paris. Baker.] 



do growe in the East Indirs, gathered out of sondry 
the best and latest Authours, by R. Hackluyt. 

2. A liemembrance of what is good to bringe 
from the Indyas into Spayne, beinge good Mar- 
chandize, and bowght by him tfuit is skillfull and 
trusty. 

Herbert registers also the following tract. 

Divers Voyages touching the Discoverie of 
America, and the Hands aaiaccnt vnto the same, 
madefrst of all by our Englishmen, and afterward 
by the Frenchmen and Britons : and certain Notes of 
Aduertisements for Obseruatiom, necessarie for 
such as shall hereafter make the like attempt. 
Lond. 1582, 4to. Dedic. to sir Philip (then Mr.) 
Sidney. 

Besides which he translated, A Notable Ilisto- 
rie, containing foure Voyages made by certayne 
French Captuynes vnto Florida : TV herein the 
great Riches and Fruitfulues of the Countrey, 
with the Maners of the People hitherto concealed, 
are brought to Light. Written all, sauing the 
last by Mens. Laudonnier. Loud. 1587- 4to. 
Ded. to sir Walter Ralegh.] 

JOHN SMITH was born in Warwickshire, 
elected scholar of a. John's coll. into a Coventry 
place, an. 1577, aged 14, and at length was made 
fellow, and highly valued in the university for 
piety and parts, especially by those that excelled 
m both. Soon after he grew to that note, that he 
was chosen (being then bach, of div.) to be lec- 
turer in S. Paul's cathedral in London, n the 
place of that great man Dr. Lau. Andrews, which 
he discharged not only to tlie satisfaction, but 
applause of most judicious and learned hearers, 
witnessed by their fiequency and attention. Not 
long after he was removed to a pastoral charge at 
Clavering in Essex, where being fix'd, he shincd 
as a star in its proper sphere, and was much reve« 
renced for his religion, learning, humility, and 
holiness of life. He was skilful in the original 
languages, an excellent text-man, well read in 
writers that were of note in several ages of the 
church, which may partly appear from these things 
followine;, that he wrote, viz. 

The Lsaex Dove, presenting the World with a 
few of her Olive-Bianches, or a Tastofthe Works 
of the Reverend Mr. John Smith, late preacher of 
the Word at Clavering in Essex, delivered in three 
several Treatises. (1) The Grounds of Religion. 
(2) An Exposition on the Lord' s-P ray er, or the 
Substance and Pith of Prayer, being the Sum 
and Marrow of divers Sermons on Matth. 6. 

0. (3)* A Treatise of Repentance, or , ,. . . ,. 
,, ^ D -i . I .1 ■ X- In the first edtt. 

the poor remtent preached in jour- ^„„/ mcnti- 

teen Lectures. Published by John ons this second 

Hart. Lond. I629. qu. [Third cdi- treatise as a 

tion, corrected and amended, Lond. distinct work, 

1637. Bodl. 4to. T. 69. Th.] 

Exposition on the Creed. 



[414] 



whereas it is 
onlya portion 
o/"The Essex 



Explanation of the Articles of our Dove. Tliis 




SPA UK E. 



190 



mistake arose Christian PaiVA.— Which two last 
fromanimpcr- j,(,(,|(s v,.ere delivered in 7') sermons, 

•(r'; 77 £ "ntJ printed Lond. 1632. fol. [Bodl. 
the cook VI the ' ^ mi n.i • . i- i i i 

Bodleian. o.5. 12. Hi. 1 his was imblisheu by 

Anthony Palmer, whoniarried Smith's 
widow.] He concluded his last day in the 
i6iC. month of Nov. in sixteen hunded and sixteen, 
and was buried in the church of Clavering before- 
mentioned, leavins; then, by his will, several books 
to St. John's coll. library. 1 have mentioned 
several John Smiths in this work, that were 
divines. See under the year 1596, and else- 
where. 

[Johannes Smith, Warwicensis, pro Couen- 
tria, Mr. Artium 1585, bach, theol. loOl. rector 
ecclesiae paroch. de Clauering in Essex. His last 
will and testament is in the college tower x. 33, 
dated October 28, l6l6. In which he bequeatlied 
a few books to the college, with 20s. for a feast 
on the next election-day after his decease. There 
is also this remarkable bequest. He gives to 10 
faithfull and good ministers, that have been de- 
prived upon that unhappy contention about the 
ceremonies in question 20/. i. e. 40s. to each, 
and hopes, ttiat none will attempt to defeat those 
parties of this his gift, considering God in his 
own law hath provided that the priests of Aaron, 
deposed for idolatry, should be uiaintain'd ; and 
that the Canon law saith, Si <|uis cxcommuiiica- 
tis in sustentationem dare aliquid voluerit, non 
prohibeuius. '] 

THOMAS SPARKE received liis first breath 
in Lincolnshire, (at South-Somercote, as it seems,) 
became perpetual fellow of Magd. coll. in 1570, 
in which year he was admitted bach, of arts. 
Soon after, by the favour of Arthur Lord Grey, 
he was preferred to the parsonage of Bletchley 
in Bucks, where he was held in great esteem for 
his piety. In the year 1575, he was admitted to 
the reading of the sentences, without ruling in 
arts, and about that time was chaplain to Dr. 
Cooper, bish. of Line, who, that year, bestowed 
the archdeaconry of Stow on him, in the place of 
Rog. Kelke, bach.ofdiv. who had succeeded John 
Harrison in that dignity, 1563. In 1581 he pro- 
ceeded in that of divinity, being then in great 
renown for his learning. But his dignity being 
remote from his cure, and therefore could not 
well attend it, he gave it up out of conscience 
sake, in 1582, and contented himself only with 
Bletchley ; whereupon Job. Farmery, B. t). suc- 
ceeded him therein. This Dr. Sparke was the 
person, who, being noted for a great nonconfor- 
mist, and a pillar of puritanism, was, by letters 
from the king's council, called to the conference 
at Hampton-Court, an. 1603, where apj>earing in 

' [Calalogus SocioTum Coll. Div. Job. Bapt. Oxon. MS. 
in ftilio, p. 8. The latter part, relating to Smilli's will, in 
the han<l-%vriting of Dr. Thoiaa3 Fry, formerly presideat of 
the college.] 



the behalf of the millinaries (as 'tia said,) or ra- 
ther with Jo. Kainoldh, as a proctor for \\w pre- 
cise party, not in a priest's gown or canonicai 
coat, but such that 'turky merchants wear, re- 
ceived then so great satisfaction from his ma- 
jesty'd most ready and apt answers to the doubts 
and objections there and then purposed, that he 
(tho' he spoke not one word) ditf not only, for 
the time following, yield himself in liis practice 
to universal conformity, but privately by word or 
writing, and publicly by his brotherly persuasion. 
He was a learned man, a solid divine, well read 
in the fathers, and so much esteemed for his pro- 
fotmdness, gravity and exemplary life and con- 
versation, that the sages of the university thonght 
it fit, after his death, to have his picture painted 
on the widl in the school-gal lerj' among the 
English divines of note there, viz. between that 
of Dr. Joh. Spenser of C. C. coll. whom I have 
mentioned under the year I6l4, [see cwl. ] 

and that of Dr. Rich. Eedes of Ch. Ch. He hath 
written, 

A comfortable Treatise for a troubled Con- 
science. Lond. 1580. Oct. 

Brief Catechism, with a Form of Prayer for 
Householders. — Taken, as it seems, from the Ca- 
techism of Ursinus. [Printed with the former.] 

Sermon preached at Cheyneys in Bucks, at the 
Burial of the Earl of Bedford, U Sept. 1585. 
On Apoc. 14. 13. Lond. 1585. oct. 8tc. [Oxon. 
by Joseph Barnes, 1594. Bodl. 8vo. S. 151. Th.] 

Treatise to prove that Ministers publicly, and 
Householders privately, are bound to catechise their 
Parishioners and Families, See. Oxon. 1588. oct. 

Answer to Mr. Joh. de Albine's notable [US' 
course against Heresies. Oxon. 1591. qu. [Bodl. 
4to S. 34. Th.] 

Serm. at the Funeral of the Lord Grey. On 
Tsaiah57. 1,2. Ox. 1593. oct. [Bodl. 8vo.S. 151. 
Th.] 

The High-way to Heaven by the clear Light of 
the Gospel, Sic. against Bellurmine, and others, 
in a Treatise made upon 37, 38, and 39 rerses of 
the 7 .John, Sec. Lond. 1597. oet, 

A brotherlif Persuasion to Unity and Unifor- 
mity in .Judgment and Practice, touching the re- 
ceived and present Ecclesiastical Government, and 
the authorized Rites and Ceremonies of the Church 
of England. Lond. l607. qu. [Bodl. 4to. S. 45. 
'Ph.] Answered by Anon, in a book entit. The 
second Part of the Defence of the Ministers Rea- 
sons for refusal of Subscription and Conformity to 
the Book of Common-Prayer, Su;. Printed 1608. 
qu. And by another Anon, in a book entit. 
A Dispute upon the Question of kneeling in the Act 
of receiving the Sacramental Bread and Wine, 
&c. Pr. 1608. qu. Our author also (I mean 
Sparke) had in Q. Elizabeth's time wrote a book 
of succession. For which being brought into 
trouble, king James, who before had received in- 
timation of Uie mattery «eBt for him, the next day 



[415] 



\ 



191 



TIN LEY 



PARRY. 



192 



after the conference at Hampton-Court, and talk- 
uig with hiin about it, the king at length was so 
well satisfied with what he had done, that he 
then gave him his most gracious countenance. 
He died at Bletchley betore-mention'd, in the 
1616 AV inter time, in sixteen hundred and sixteen, 
and was buried in the church there, leaving then 
behind him three learned sons, which then, or 
soon after, had been trained up in the schools of 
the prophets,* viz. Thomas, fellow of New coll. 
in Oxon, Andrew of Peter-house in Cambridge, 
and Will. Sparke of Magd. co)l. whom i shall 
mention hereafter. 

[OurauthorSparkewas installed into the prebend 
of Sutton in Marisco, in the church of Lincoln, 
Sept. 26, 1582. He was buried in Blechley chan- 
cel October 17, I6I6, with a large epitaph on a 
plate of brass, on which are several types and 
figures. The inscription, which is too long for 
present insertion, will be found in Willis' Survey 
aj' Lincoln Cathedral, 4to. p. 249.] 

ROBERT TINLEY, a Kentish man born, 
became a commoner of Magd. hall in the latter 
end of 1578, aged 17, or thereabouts, was trans- 
lated soon after to Magd. coll of which he be- 
came demy, and at length fellow. In 1595, he 
was elected one of the proctors of the university, 
being then esteemed a man of parts, and an elo- 
quent preacher. Afterwards being made vicar of 
Wytham or Victham in Essex, as also, if I mis- 
take not, minister of Glemsford in Suffolk, and 
at length archdeacon ol" Ely, took the degrees 
in divinity, and had then the general character of 
a person well read in the fathers, but withal, a 
most bitter enemy to papists. He hath written 
and- published, . 

0/ the fuischievoiis Sublilti/ and larharoua 
Cruelty of the Romish Synagogue. On Psal. 124. 
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8. Lond. I609. qu. Of the 
false Doctrines and refined Heresies of the Rom. 
Synagogue. On Matth. 7. 15, 16. — Printed 
there the same year. ' In the first are examined 
divers passages of that English libel, written by 
a certain fugitive against the j4pologyforthe Oath 
of Allegiance. In the other are answered many 

* [See a dedication of a Sermon by Charles Richardson, 
preacher aiS. Katherincs neer the Tower of London, 1616, 
4to ' To my reverend good friend, Mr. D. Sparke, minister 
'of God's word at Bletchley in Buckinghamsliire. You shall 
sur\'ive in those three worthy sons of your's, whom you have 
been carefull to train up in the schooles of the prophets, two 
of them being already profitable ministers in the cliurch, and 
the third hath altayned toagreat mesure of learning: Mr.Tho. 
Sparke, of New coll. in Oxford; Mr. Andrew S|)arke, of 
Peter house in Cambridge; Mr. William SjarUe, of Magda- 
len college in Oxford. Kennet.] 

^ [The true title of this book, which I have in my |X)s- 
session, is; 7'a'o learned Sermons, the one, of the misclticvous 
Sultit/ie and barbarous Crueliie ; the other, of the false 
Doctrines and refined Ihereses of the Romish Synagogue. 
Preached, the tne at Paul's Cross 5 Nov. 1CO8, the other at 
the Spittle 17 ^/>r. 1609, Cole.] 



of the arguments published by Rob. Ciiambers, 
priest, concerning Popish miracles. He hath 
written other things, as 'tis said, but such I have 
not yet seen, nor do I know any thing else of 
liini, only that he concluding his last day in six- 1616. 
teen hundred and sixteen, was buried, as I pre- 
sume, at Wytham before-mentioned, leaving 
then behind him a son named Martin Tinley, 
afterwards a member of Ch. Ch. in this uni- 
versity. 

[1607, ult Febr. Robertus Tynley, S.T. P.col- 
latus ad vicariam de W'ytham, com. Essex, per 
mortem Domini Job. Sterne, nuper Ep'i Colcestre 
suffraganei. Reg. Bancroft, Lp. Lond. 

1608, 23 Aug. Rob. Tynley, S. T. P. coll. ad 
preb. de Cantless alias Kentish-town, per mortem 
Edwardi Stanhope, militis. Ibid. 

1616, 1 Dec. Rog. Webb, A. M. coll. ad 
vie. de W^itham per mort. Rob. Tynley. Reg. 
Lond. 

Joh. King, A. M. coll. ad preb. de Kentish- 
town, 23 Decemb. 1616, per mort. Tylney. 
Kennet. 

Rob. Tynley, S. T. P. institutus ad rectoriam 
de Glemford, dioc. Norw. 12 Feb. l602, pre- 
sentutus ab ep'o Elien. Feb. 8, 1602. Regist. 
Elien. Collatus ad archidiaconatum Eliens. 
Jul. 17, 1600. Ibid. Admissus ad rectoriam de 
Duxfoith S" Petri, Mar. 27, I6OI. He died be- 
fore March I6, I616, which day and year he was 
succeeded in his archdeaconry and prebend. 
Probably buried at Ely. Baker.] 

HENRY PARRY, son of Hen. Parry," son 
of Will. Parry of Wormebridge in Herefordshire, 
gent, was born in Wilts, 20 Dec. or thereabouts, 
an. 1561, admitted scholar of C. C. coll. 13 Nov. 
1576, and probationer 23 Apr. 86, being then 
master of arts. Afterwards he was Greek reader 
in that coll. chaplain to Q. Elizabeth, doctor of 
divinity 95, dean of Chester in 1605, in the place [4l6] 
of Dr. Will. Barlow, promoted to the see of 
Rochester, and at length, through Glocester, was 
made bishop of Worcester, an. 1610. He was 
reputed by all of his time an able divine, well 
read in the fathers, a thro-pac'd disputant, and 
so eloquent a preacher, that K. James I. always 
professed he seldom heard a better. The king of 
Denmark also, who was sometimes present at our 
king's court, gave him a very rich ring for a ser- 
mon that he preached before him and K. James 
at Rochester, an. I6O6. He hath published, 

♦ [Mag'r Henr. Parry, prncurator clcri dioc. Sariim, inter- 
fuit convocationi cleri, 5, Nov. 1647, 1- Edw. 1. 

1554, CO Maii, Will'us Jcfferie, L.L.D. ad preb. de 
Bricklesworth in dioc. Petriburg. per deprivat. Henrici 
Perry ; ud pres. Joh. Sarum Ep. tteg. Pctritutg. 

1559, 17 Febr. Rev.™"' admisit Henricum Parry in legibus 
licentialuin ad eccl. de Sutton, per deprivat. Edmundi 
Marvyn Clerici, ult. rect. ad pres. Thomae Wyndesor de 
BcrycoU in com. Southampton, sedc Winton. Vacanle. 
lieg. Parker, Cant. Kennet.] 



193 



MOORE. 



IIOBY. 



194 



Concio de Regno Dei, in Matlh. 6. 33. Lond. 
1606. qu. 

Concio de Fictorin Christiana, in Apoc. 3. 21. 
Oxon. 1593. 94. Lond. IGOG. He also translated 
from Eiiglisli into Latin, The Sum of a Conference 
between Joh. liaino/ds and Jok. Hart, touching 
the Head and the Vailh of the Church. Oxon. 
1619. foi. [Bodl. S. 9. 5. Th.] Also from Lat. 
into English, J Catechism, wherein are debuted 
and resolved the Questions of zchatsoever Moment, 
which have been, or are, controverted in Divinity. 
Oxon. 1591. oct. Which catechism was origi- 
nally written by Zach. Ursinus. This worthy 
bishop died of a palsey at Worcester, 12 Dec. in 
1616. sixteen hundred and sixteen, and was buried in a 
little chapel joining to the North-side of the 
choir of the cathedral church at Worceste'r. In 
his epitaph over his grave (a copy of which you 
may see in Hist. ^ Jntiq. Univer. Oxon. lib. 2. 
p. 238.) he is characterised to be ' trium lingua- 
rum cognitione, assidua verbi divini praedicatione, 
provida ecclesia; gubernatione, mentis pietate, 
morumquc integritate spectatissimus,' 8cc. 

[Parry was, as far as Willis ' could discover, a 
single man, bestowed much on the poor of Glou- 
ster, and in other acts of charity ; and, among 
other things, built at his own cost and charges, 
the pulpit in the body or nave of the church. 

MS. note in m^' copy of Godwin De Presulibus, 
in a hand-writing temp. Caroli primi. Transtu- 
lit Colloq. Rainoldi cum Harto, cum adhuc ep's 
erat Glocestr. jussu D. Bancroft, archiep'i, typis- 
gue mandavit I6IO. Vide Rainoldi vitam. 
Magno sui desiderio relicto. Hen. Parry paraly- 
ticus decepit Wigornio annos natus 55, Dec. 12, 
1616; et in capella B. Mariaj jacet humatus e 
regione tumuli Bullingamlani. Sororem habuit 
Pascham, Petro Turnero, Gul. filio (utrique, 
M.D.) nuptam, cujus viri epitaphium hie episco- 
pus scripsit. Videte illud in ecclesia S" Olavi, 
in Hart street, et apud Stow, p. 135. Hunter.] 

" JOHN MOORE was educated in Univer- 
" sity coll. but taking no degree, he left the uni- 
" versity, and at length, thro' some petite em- 
" ployments, became parson of Knaptoft in Lei- 
" cestershire. He hatli written, 

" A Target for Tillage, briefly containing the 
" most necessary, precious, and prof table Lise 
" thereoj, both for King and Slate; Serm. on 
" Ecclesiastes 5. 8. Lond. I0l2, and UJ13. oct. 
" ded. to Will. Turpiii, by his epist. dated from 
Cl^r " Sheasby, Apr. I6I 1. He was living an old man 
1616. " at Knaptoft in sixteen hundred and sixteen. 
" Of the same college of University was one.lolin 
" More (not Moore) who after he had taken the 

' [Survey of the Cath. of Gloucester, Cathedrals, p. 723. 
The author derived his information from a MS. account of 
the bishops of this see, written by a minor canon named Tom- 
kins, who much commends Parry, and his predecessor Kav is, 
for being excellent bishops.] 

Vol. H. 



" degrees in arts, entred on the physic line, took 
" one degree therein 159fi: afterwards he went 
" to London, where lie was called by the name of 
" Dr. More, practised in St. Brides parish, and 
" was'numbred anicmg the Popish physicians iu 
" the latter end of K. Jam. I. an. 1624, being 
" then ' a man much employ 'd and insinuating 
" with great persons in our state' He had then 
" a kinsman living in London, known by the name 
" of father More, a secular priest. Another Joh. 
" More 1 find to have lieen bred in Cambridge, 
" and afterwards to be a preacher in Norwich, 
" author of {\.) A Table from thi Beginning of 
" the World, to this Day ; wherein I'l declared Jrt 
" what Year of the World every Thing was done, 
" both in the Scripture mentioned, as also in Pro- 
" phane Matters. Camb. 1593. in oct. (2.) Three 
" Sermons. Two of which are on 2 Cor. 5. 10. 
" and the third on John 13. 34, 35, &c. Lond. 
" 1594. oct. Later in time I find another John 
" More, author of certain sermons, among which 
" is one on S. John 12. G. Lond. 1653. qu. whe- 
" ther the same with Joh. More, who was ad- 
" mitted bachelor of arts, as a member of Ch. Ch. 
" 17 Dec. an. 16 19, 1 know not. Quaere." 

EDWARD HOBY, a person much noted in 
his time to all learned men, for his eminent en- 
dowments of mind and body, was the eldest son 
of sir Tho. Hoby, knight, (mention'd under the 
year 1566.) by Elizab. his wife, daughter of sir 
A. Coke, Kt. was bom in Berks, particularly, as 
I conceive, at Bysham near to Maj'denhead, be- 
c.ime a gentleman commoner of Trinity coll. in 
the beginning of 1574, aged 14 years, where, 
after he had spent 8 terms in the study of logic 
under a noted tutor, he became so great a profi- 
cient, that he was admitted in the latter end of 
the year 1575 bach, of arts of the university. The [417] 
next year he proceeded in that fiiculty, and was 
the senior master in the comitia (whom we usually 
call the senior of the act) celebrated the same 
year. Afterwards spending some time in Trance, 
and in other countries, as I suppose, w.is, some 
time after his return, honoured with the degree of 
knighthood, an. 1582, made constable of the 
castle at Queenburgh in the isle of Shepy, was 
an officer at the taking of Cadiz, a parliament 
man several times in the latter end of ou. Eliza- 
beth, and upon K. James his coming to the crown 
(if not liapply before) was made one of the gent, 
of the privy-chamber. He was a person of great 
reading and judgment, especially in the contro- 
versies between Protestants and Papists, a singu- 
lar lover of arts, substantial learning, antiquities, 
and the professors thereof, particularly the learned 
Cambden, who had sulheiently received of his 
bounty, as he himself ' acknowledgeth, having 

* " Sec at the end of a book emit. The Foot out of the 
" Snare, &c. Lond. IC24. qu. written by Joh. Gee." 
7 In his Britannia, in Berks. 

o 



195 



HOBY. 



196 



dedicated his Hibernia ' to him, and publicly told' 
the world that he had polished his excellent wit 
with learned studies. He hath written, 

A Letter to Mr. Theoph. Jlygons, late Minister, 
noTC a Fugitive, in Anmer to his First Motive. 
Lond. 1609. qu. [Bodl. C. 1.4. Line] 

A Counter-Snarl for Iihmael Rahshakeh a Ce- 
eropedian Lycaonite, being an Answer, to a R. 
Catholic^ who writes himself J. R. Lond. 1613. qu. 
In which book, or in another, which 1 have not 
yet seen, our author treating of purgatory, was 
answered by Joh. Floyd, commonly called father 
Fludd, a Jesuit, in a book which he published 
tjnder the name of Daniel k Jesu, printed at S. 
Omer's in 1613. quarto. 

Curry-comb for a Coxcombe: Or Purgatory's 
Knell. In answer to a Libel by Jebal Rachel 
against Sir Edw. Hoby's Counter-Snarl, entit. 
Purgitory's Triumph over Hell. Lond. 1615. qu. 

Several Motions, Speeches and Arguments in 
the four last Parliaments in Queen Elizabeth. — 
Published in tlie Historical Collections of Hayw. 
Townsend, esq; [Bodl. R. 1. 11. Jur.] He trans- 
lated from French into English, Politique Dis- 
courses upon Truth and Lying : An Instruction to 
Princes to keep their Faith and Promises. Lond. 
1586. qu. Composed by sir Mart. Cognet, knight, 
one of the privy-council to the most Christian 
king, master of the requests to his houshold, and 
lately ambassador to the cantons of Switzers and 
Grisons. And also from Spanish into English, 
The Origine and Practice oj War. Lond. 1597.' 
oct. Written by don Bernard de Mendoza. At 
length he giving way to fate in Queenburgh castle 
J616-17. on the first day of March (St. David's day) in 
sixteen hundred and sixteen, his body was con- 
vey'd to Bysham before-mentioned, and buried 
there in a chappel called Hoby's chappel on the 
South-side of the chancel there, near to the body 



He married Mary, daughter of Henry Carey, 
lord Hunsdon, who died 1605, and was buried at 
Bithani. Sydenham. 

Mr. Wood should have told us that sir Edw. 
Hoby w'as of Eaton school before he came to 
Oxon. And that he was also of the Middle 
Temple. So sir Edw. himself, in his Counter- 
Snarl, p. 61 and 72, wiiich Counter-Snarl I have, 
and 'tis learned. But he doth not treat of purga- 
tory in it, as one would think from Mr. Wood. 
Heaene.3 

Hoby was entered a gentleman commoner of 
Trinity college, in 1574, at the age of fourteen, 
and patronised Thomas Lodge, the poet, who 
was his cotemporary there. He presented to the 
library of that society sir Henry Savile's sump- 
tuous edition of St. Chrysostom ; on a blank leaf 
of the first volume of which, is written, in Hoby's 
own hand, the following Latin epistle, from Queen- 
borough castle, to the president of the college, Dr^ 
Ketell. 

' Admodum reverendo antistiti, D. Ketello, col- 
legii Trinitatis, Oxon. vigilantissimo pra?sidi. — 
Sanctae Trinitatis collegii in me merita, (mi 
Ketelle,) non benevolentiae sed obsequii pignora 
efflagitant. Quadraginta jam annis elapsis, ex 
quo primum in eodem scholaris fui. Scholaris ? 
Alumnus. Si quod unquam cum Musis habui 
commercium, apud vos rudimenta suscepisse, 
suscepta crevisse, fateri fas est. Arctiori etiam 
vinculo constrinxit, praenobilis Heroina, vestra 
Fundatrix, quo tempore, Bernardum Adamum, 
nunc Limbricensem prsesulem, proamoreinme 
•suo, in Albo vestro conscripsit, aluit, sustentavit. 
Nae, hue usque, nihil compensationis : negligen- 

tremity could one come from? or what greater felicitie might 
one come to? She that was sent for from Ashridge; with 
commandement to be brought either aliue or dead ; she that 
was committed to the tow re of London ; she that was so often 



same such another pageant ; she that doubted murdering, if 
her Iteeper had bene an ill disposed man ; she that sent word 
to her seriiants that came to know how she did tamquam 
ovis ; lastly, she that wrate in the window at Woodstock« 
with a diamond. 



of his father sir Thomas. The said sir Edward a . i, 1 • 1 u u j .,-,.. , . 

1 r» i,„i • J u- t 1 J T> . and so straightly examined; she that demanded if the lady 

Jett behmd him a natural son named Peregrin Jane's scaffold were taken downe, doubling to play on the 

Hoby, born of the body of one Katharine Pink- ' ' 

ney, an. 1602. From which Peregrin are the 
Hobyes now of Bysham descended. 

[Hoby was educated at Eton school with sir 
Jojin Harrington.^ 

' Etlit. Lond. 1587. oct. 

® In Britan. in Kent, in Queenborough. 

' [Also in 4to. with a Spanish Epistle to sir John Carew 
ofTotness. Sydenham.] 

[That he was educated at Eton, the following extract 
from Harrington's translation of Orlando Furioso proves; 
see book xlv, notes, edit, folio l607, page 303. (Bodl. A. A. 
35. Art. Seld.) 

' Mathia Coruino was kept in close prison by Vladislaus, 
kmg of Hungarie, because his elder brother had slaine the 
earle of C;yglia, vnkle to the said king, but the king dying 
young, and without issue, this Mathia was made of a pri- 
soner, a prince : but of this kind of sodaine change, our 
realme hath one example, that patseth not onely these, but 
all (Ithinke) that hauc been heard of, or written: and that is 
thequeene's most excellent maiestie that now is, who from 
the ex[iectation of a most vndeservcd death, came to the pos- 
session of a most renowned kingdome ; for what greater ex- 



Much suspected bv me, ") , T^,. , , 
Nothing proued can be. jl"°* Elizabeth, prisoner, 
became of the sodaine a crowned queene, Avith greater ap- 
plause then either Lewes in France, or Coruino in Hungarie, 
and not onely hath raigned, but doth raigne most happily. 
All which her highnesse troubles, my self haue the better 
cause to remember, because the first worke I did after I could 
write Latin, was to translate that storie out of the Banke of 
Martyrs into Latin, as Mr. Thomas Arundell and sir Ed- 
ward Hobby can tell, who had their parts in the same taske, 
being then schollars in Eaton as I was, and namely that last 
verse I remember was translated thus : 

Plurimi de me mal^ suspicantur, 
Atlameii de me mala non probantur. 

Eliza betha 

carcere clausa. 

This little booke was giuen to her majestie.'l 
5 MSS. Collections, vol. xci, 211.] 



197 



EGERTON. 



198 



[4181 



tiae iiimiuin. En, tandem, emendationis ansam ; 
deinceps, forsan, uberiorem. Nuperrimein vicinia 
nostra, D. Chrysostomi Opcruin Graeco nova et 
iiccurata compjiruit editio : cuia suninia, fide 
solita, iinpensis ingentibus, solertia infatigabili, 
nobilis nostri Henrici Savelii, equitis aurati, de 
academicis, republica, Europa, optima meriti. 
Eandem igitur cum primis ad te def'ercndam cu- 
ravi; et in bibliotheca vestii collegii rcpoiiendam, 
velut amoris mei seu pietatis tesscram, et ^nj^oo-u- 
jj-ov. Frucre, vive, vale ! Raptim ex Castro 
Burgi-Keginae in agro Cantiano. Pridie Calen- 
das Martii Julianas, MDCXII.—Vere tuus, Edw. 

H0BY.']4 

THOMAS EGERTON, the natural son of 
sir Rich. Egerton of Ridlejr in Cheshire, was born 
in that county, apply'd his muse to learning in 
this university, about 1556, particularly, as 'tis 
said, in Brasennose coll. of which he was a com- 
moner, in the year of his age 1 7, or thereabouts ; 
where continuing about three years, laid a foun- 
dation whereon to build profounder learning. 
Afterwards going to Lincoln's-Inn, he made a 
most happy progress in the municipal laws, and 
at length was a counsellor of note. In 158 1 , June 
28, he was constituted ^ by the queen her solici- 
tor-general, and soon after he became Lent-reader 
of the said inn. In 1592, June 2, the said queen 
made him her attorney-general, in 1594, (being 
then a knight) he was made master of the rolls, 
and two years after lord keeper of the great-seal. 
In which eminent office he continued during the 
whole remainder of qu. Elizabeth's happy reign. 
On the 21st of Jul. l603, he was raised to the de- 
gree of a baron of this realm, by the title of L. • 
Ellesmere, and upon the 24th ol the said month, 
he was made lord chancellor of England. In the 
beginning of Nov. 16 10, he was unanimously 
elected chanc. of the university of Oxon. and in 
14 Jac. 1. Dom. I6l6, he was ad:vanced to the dig- 
nity of viscount Brackley. He was a most grave 
and prudent man, a good lawyer, just and honest, 
of so quick an apprehension also, and profound 
judgment, that none of the bench in his time 
went beyond him. He hath written, 

Speech in the Exchequer-Chamber, touching the 
Postnati.* Lond. 1609. inqu. in 16 sheets. [Bodl. 
4to. E. l.Jur.] 

Certain Observations concerning the Office of 
lord Chancellor. Lond. 1651. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
P. 46. Jur.] and left behind him at his death four 
MSS. of choice collections, fit to be printed, 
concerning (1) The Prerogative lioyal. (2) Pn- 

♦ [For the transcript of this letter I am indebted to the 
rev. John Walker, fellow of New college.] 

5 Baronaec, Tom. 3. p. 414. b. 

* [In Robert Calvine's cause, son and heir apparent of 
James, lord Calvine, of Colcross, in the realm of Scotland. 
Park, from Hargravc, Slule Trials, v. 75.] 



vileges of Parliament. (S) Proceedings in Chan- 
cery.i (4) Tlie Power of the Star-Chamher. He 
resigned up liis last breath, in York-house in the 
Strand near London 15 March, in hixteen hun- Ifilfl-I7. 
dred and sixteen, and was buried in the church of 
Dodleston in Cheshire. His memory was much* 
celebrated by epigrams while he was living, and 
after his death all of the long-rube lamented hit 
loss. We have his picture, drawn to the life, in 
the habit of lord chancellor, .sitting in a chair, 
hanging in the gallery belonging to Uie Bodleian 
library, called tlie school-gallery. 

[Tho. Egerton, jun. coH. S. Petri (convict. 2.) 
admissus m matric. acad. Cant. Oct. 1564. 
Qua:re; ^tas non satis con ven it, si recte com- 
putetur. Vid. Epistolam abacademia M.S. vol. iii, 
p. 500, ubi nostrum esse satis aperte indicator. 
Sed qusBre, whether not as high steward .' 

Maii 21. 1586, conceditur magistro Tho. Eger- 
ton et Edw. Cooke, jurisperitis, ut sint de con- 
silio universitatis. Registr. Cantai. Baker. 

In a work like the present, professing only to 
give facts, it would be presumption to enlarge on 
such a character as lord Ellesmere. We have there- 
fore, only to add the two following tracts which, 
it seems, yet remain in MS. 

Observations on Coke's Reports. 

Notes and Observations on Magna » Char/a. 

Several Letters will be found in the Cotton' 
Harleian and Lambeth MSS. in the Ashmole 
museum, and in the Cabala: many others are 
also, probably, deposited in the Bridgewater col- 
lection. His Letter to the earl of Essex, is among 
the Royal MSS. 17 B liii. 

Lord chancellor Ellesmere's household book, 
beginning July 11, 1596, and ending December 
30, 1597, kept by Morgan Colman his steward, 
and signed weekly either by his lordship or by 
lady Elizabeth Egerton, is now among Dr. Raw- 
linson's MSS. in the Bodleian, Misc. 406. This 
work is kept with the greatest neatness and regu- 
larity, ana is very curious. It contains warrants 
to permit his fishrtionger to provide fish for him 
at certain ports, viz. Foulkston, Hyde, Win- 
chelsey and Brighthemsteed ; for his collier to 
pass free with his carts, and for his farmer to pro- 

' [The Prit'iledges and Prerogativet of the High Court of 
Chancery, Lond. l641. 4to. I»rd Orford in his Royal and 
Nolle Authors, gives it in l6l4, and is followed by Rrk, on 
the authority of the Harleian Catalogue ; but on referring to 
the Catal. it' will be found that the error was first made by 
his lordship. See BibL Harl. vol ii, p. 651, N" 10826.] 

' Vide in Epigram. Jo. Stradling, lib. 3. p. 90. lib. 4. 
p. 141. & in Epigram. Johamiis Dunlari Megato Britanni, 
cent. 2. epigram 52. 

» [See Park's edition of Walpole'i Royal and Noble Au- 
thors, ii, 172.] 

' [His Letter to James I. desiring his dismission, deeming 
himself superannuated, dated l6l2; and a note on the same 
subject, dated March 8, I6l3, MS. Cotton, Titus, C. vii, 
fol. 27 and 4<), have both been printed by Park,_ in hi« edi- 
tion of lord Orford's Royal and NoUe Authors, ii, 174.] 
2 



199 



MARTYN. 



BUNNEY 



200 



ceed without ' lett interruption or molestation' 
with 70 quarters of" wheat, &c. 

The sums received and disbursed by his stew- 
ard were as follow : 

From July 11, to December 30, 1596—779/. 
7s. 4d. 

From December 31, 1596, to December 29, 
1597—1993/. 45. 7d. 

Of this great and good man we may men- 
tion the following portraits — 1 by Hole; 2 by 
Pass, 3 by Trotter, 4 by Bocquet, the two last in 
8vo.] 

WILLIAM MARTYN, son of Nich. Mar- 
tyn of the city of Exeter, (by his first wife Mary, 
daughter of Leonard Yeo of Hatherley in Devon) 
son of Rich. Martyn of the said city, and he the 
second son of William Martyn of Athelharapton 
in Dorsetshire, knight, was born, and educated in 
grammar learning, within the said cit}' of Exeter : 
where making early advances towards academical 
learning, was sent to Broad-gate's-hall (now Pemb. 
coll.) an. 1579, aged 17. In which place falling 
under the tuition of a noted master, laid an 
excellent foundation in logic and philosophy. 
Afterwards, going to the inns of court, he became 
a barester, and in 1605 was elected recorder of 
Exeter, in the place of John Heale serjeant at 
law. But his delight being much conversant 
in the reading of English histories, he composed a 
book of the kings of England, as I shall tell you 
anon. Upon the publication of which, K. James 
(as 'tis said) taking some exceptions at a passage 
therein, either to the derogation of his family, 
or of the realm of Scotland, he was thereupon 
brought into some trouble, which shortened his 
days. He hath written. 

Youth's Instruction. Lond. 1612. qu. [Bodl. 
4to. D. 17. Art.] Dedicated to his son Nich. 
Martyn then a student in Oxon. [Second edition, 
Lond. l6l3, 4to.] In the said book is shewed a 
great deal of reading, and consequently that the 
author was no loser of his time. 

The History and Lives of the Ki7igs of England, 
from William the Conqueror to K. Hen. 8. Lond. 
1616. and 28. fol. [Bodl. AA. 22. Art. Seld.] 
usher'd into the world with the copies of verses 
of Nicholas, William, and Edw. Martyn the sons 
of the author, and by Pet. Bevis his son-in-law. 
To this history was afterwards added the History 



of King Edw. 6. Qu. Mary, and Qu. Elizabeth, 
by B. R. master of arts.— Lond. 1638. fol. [Bodl. 
H. 7. 13. Art.] At the end of all the impressions 



was printed, 

The Succession of the Dukes and Earls of this 
Kingdom of England, from the Conqueror, to the 
nth of James I. with the then Viscounts, Barons, 
Baronets, &c. which was drawn up by the author, 
and continued after his death by B. R. before- 
mention'd. What other books the said Will, 
Martyn hath either written or published I know 



not, nor any thing else of him, only that he was 
buried in the church of S. Petrock in the city 
of Exeter 12 Apr. in sixteen hundred and seven- 
teen. The inscription which was on the stone, 
supposed to be laid for him, is worn out, and .'i 
new inscription cut thereon for one of the same 
family buried there. The next who must follow 
according to time was a severe Puritan, as Mar- 
tyn was : 

FRANCIS BUNNEY, younger brother to 
Edmund, whom I shall anon mention, was born 
in an antient house called the Vache in the parish 
of Chalfont S. Giles in Bucks, on the 8 May 
1543, became a student in the university in the 
latter end of the reign of Q. Mary, an. 1558, 
and perpetual fellow of Magd. coll. in 1562, being 
then bach, of arts. Afterwards proceeding in 
that faculty he took holy orders, and began to 
preach God's word on the first of Nov. 1567.* 
Whose sermons being noted among many, he 
became soon after chaplain to the earl of Bed- 
ford, but continuing with him not long, he left 
his fellowship in 1571, and retiring into the 
North parts of England, where he preached the 
word of God very constant, as his brother Ed- 
mund did, was inducted into a prebendship of 
Durham 9 May' 1572; made archdeacon of Nor- 
thumberland, on the resignation of Ralph Lever,< 
20 Oct. 1573, and on the eleventh of Sept. 1578 
lie was made rector of Ry ton within the bishoprick 
of Durham. This person was very zealous in 
the way he professed, was a great admirer of Jo. 
Calvin, a constant preacher, cnaritable, and a stiff 
enemy to Popery. He hath written and pub- 
lished, 

Survey and Tryal of the Pope's Supremacy. 
Lond. 1590. qu. Written against card. Bellar- 
mine. [Second edition, Lond. 1595, 4to. a copy 
with many MS. notes by Peter Smart, canon of 
Durham, in the Bodleian, Rawl. 4to. 1 19.] 

Comparison between the antient Faith of the 
Romans and the new Romish Religion. Lond. 
1595. qu. [with MS. notes by Peter Smart, 4to. 
Rawl. 119.] This is commonly called Truth and 
Falshood. ^ 

' [He was subdean of York in the year 1570, and held 
that office above eight years. Willis, Survey of Fork, 
i. 89-1 

» [May 13th according lo Willis, Calh. 270.] 

♦ [Lever was made archdeacon 21 Aug. 1566, and it is 
probable, that he resigned both his archdeaconry and prebend. 
Because he would not subscribe when archbishop Grindal 
strenuously pressed conformity 1-571, at the same time his 
brother Tho. Lever, master of Sherboin hospital, was de- 
prived of his prebend. Slrype's Life of Parker, page 275. 
Watts.] 

' [The fact is there were two editions of this book ; the 
one entitulcd A Comparison, &c : the other Truth and Fats- 
hood; or a Comparison, &c. both printed in the same year. 
To the latter was appended, j1 short Answer to the Reasons, 
which commonly tnc Popish Recusants in these North Parti 
alleadge, uhy they will not come to our Churches. Dated 
from nyton upon Tine, Feb. 7, 1592.] 



1617 



[419] 



201 



SAVILE. 



202 



Answer to a Popish Lihel, called A Petition to 
the Bishops, Preachers, and Go'^pellers. Oxon. 
1607. oct. [l5o(il. 8vo. B. Ujg. Th.] 

Exposition on the 28th Verse of the third Chapt. 
of the Epistle to the Romans, wherein is manifestlj/ 
proved the Doctrine of Justifiiation by I'aith, &,c. 
Lond. 1610. qu. 

[A Guide unto Godlinesse : or o] Plain arul 
familiar Exposition of the Ten Commandments, 
by Questions and Answers. Lond. 16 1?- oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. B. 145. Th.] 

In Joelis Prophetiam Enarratio. Written by 
the author an. 1595, and by his epistle dedicated 
to Tobie bishop of Durham, in which he saith he 
hath preached sermons at Berwick about 20 years 
before that time, upon Joel, of whicli this book 
is the sum : and if printed, (for 'tis in MS.) 
would contain about 3 quire of paper. He de- 
parted this mortal life, at Ryton bcforemcntion'd, 
•tJl?. 16 Apr. in sixteen hundred and seventeen, and 
was buried in the chancel of the church there, 
near to tlie graves of four of his sons, which he 
had by Jane his wife, daughter of Henr. Priestly. 
Over his grave was soon after set up, in the wall 
adjoining, a table or plate of brass, whereon are 
engraven certain trite verses. The first stanza 
runs thus : 

My bark now having won the haven, 

I fear no stormy seas, 
God is my hope, my home is heaven. 

My life is happy ease, &c. 

By his will, he bequeathed to the university of 
Oxon. 100/. towards their building of the new 
schools, and 331. to Magd. college. 

HENRY SAVILE, sometimes of Shawhill 
in Yorkshire, commonly called Lons Harry 
Savile, was born of an antient family of his name, 
living at Banke near Halifax in that county, 
entred a student in Merton coll. (of which his 
kinsman Mr. Hen. Savile was warden) in 1587, 
and was soon after made one of the portionists, 
commonly called postmasters. After he had 
taken the degree of bach, of arts, he left it, and 
retired to S. Albans-hall, and as a member thereof, 
he took the degree of M. of arts, in 1595. All 
which time being under the inspection of his 
kinsman, he became an eminent scholar, espe- 
cially in the mathematics, physic, (in which fa- 
culty he was admitted to practise by the univer- 
sity) chymistry, painting, heraldry and antiqui- 
ties. Afterwards, for the compleating and ad- 
vance of his knowledge, he travelled into Italy, 
France, and Germany, where spending his time 
very profitably, returned the most accomplished 
person of his time, and therefore his company 
was" oesired, and sought after, by all learned 
and virtuous men. 'He had written several things 
fit for the press, but whether ever pubiished/l 



find not as yet. It must be now known that thi« 
Henr. Savile being an intimate friend with the 
learned Cambden, he* communicated to him [*^] 
the antient exemplar of Asser Menevensis, which 
contains the story of the discord between the 
new scholars that Grimbald brought with him to 
Oxon, at the restoration of the university by K. 
Alfred, with the old clerks that the said Grimbald 
found when he came to that place. Which 
exemplar being discovered to be genuine, by 
the said Cambden, (who afterwards ' stil'd it 
' optimum exemplar Asserii,') he did therefore 
make it public, an. I()02. But to it was, that as 
soon as it peep'd forth, certain envious Canta- 
brigians (lid not stick to report, that the said 
story concerning the dissention between the old, 
and new scholars, was foisted into Asser by the 
said Long Harry Savile, and which is more, that 

Cassage also was put bv him into the printed 
ist. of In^ulphus, whicli maketh much for the 
antiquity of the university of Oxon. ' Ego Ingul- 
phus, 3fc. pro Uteris addiscendis in teneriore etate 
constitutus, primum Westmonasterio, postremo 
Oxoniensi studio traditus sum, &c.' But for 
the clearing of the said vain reports, much hath 
been ' said already : and therefore I shall trouble 
the reader no more, but only tell him, that after 
the said Long Hany had lived for some years, 
after his return from foreign countries, witliin 
the parish of S. Martin in the Fields near Lon- 
don, he died there, to the great reluctancy of 
all learned men, on 29 Apr. in sixteen hundred >6l7. 
and seventeen, aged 49- Whereupon iiis body 
being buried in the chancel of the church of 
that parish, had soon after a monument set over 
his grave, on the North wall, with his bust to 
the middle, carved out from stone and painted. 
The reader is now to know that there was one 
Hen. Savile esq ; who was employ'd as a captain 
in one of her majesty's ships, called the Adven- 
ture, under the conduct of sir Francis Drake 
and sir John Hawkyns against the Spaniard in 
the West-Indies. \Vhich Henry wrote a book 
entit. A Libel of Spanish Lies found at the Sack of 
Cales, discoursing the Fight in the kVest- Indies 
between the English and the Spaniard, and of the 
Death of Sir Franc. Drake, with an Answer 
confuting the said Spanish Lies, &c. Lond. 1596. 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. C. Ifi. Art. BS.] But this Capt. 
Henry Savile must not be understood to be the 
same with Long Harry, or with sir Hen. Savile 
warden of Merton college, but another, of the 
same house, as I conceive, for three Hen. Saviles 
of Yorkshire were matriculated as members of 
that coll. in the time of Qu. Elizabeth, viz. one, 
who is written the son of a plebeian, 1588, a 
second, the son of an esquire, in 1593, and a 
third an esquire's son also, in 1595. The said 



« Vide Hisl. & Jntig. Univ. Ox. lib. 1. p. 9, 10. 

^ In Britannia, in Dobunis. 

' In Hisl. ^ Anliq. Univ. Oxon. at supr. 



203 



JAMES. 



PAGET. 



204 



capt. Savile, or else Long Harry, was engaged 
in the earl of Essex his treasons; for which, 
he was forced to abscond and withdraw for a 
time. 

[We may add to Long Harri; Savile, Letter to 
Camden comeruing Antiquities near Otlei/, in 
Yorkshire. MS. Cotton, Julius F. vi, fol. 299-] 

WILLIAM JAMES, son of John James of 
Little On in Staffordshire, by Ellen his wife, 
daughter of Will. Boll of Sandbach in Cheshire, 
was bom at Sandbach, admitted student of Ch. 
Ch. in 1559, or thereabouts, and took the degrees 
in arts. Afterwards entring into holy orders, he 
was admitted to the reading of the sentences 
1571, being then divinity reader of Magd. coll. 
The next year he was elected master of Univ. 
coll. and in 1577, Aug. 27, he became archdeacon 
of Coventry, on the death of Thorn. Lewes. In 
1584, he was made dean of Ch. Ch. in Oxon, and 
in 1596, June 5, he was installed dean of Durham, 
after that place had lain void for some time, 
upon the promotion of Tob Matthew to the see 
of Durham. In 1G06, he succeeded the said 
T. Matthew in the bishoprick of Durham, to 
which see he was consecrated 7 Sept. the same 
year. Whereupon sir Adam Newton, afterwards 
a baronet, was installed dean of Durham the 27th 
of the same month. Which deanry he keeping 
till 1620, did for a certain sum of money' resign 
it, and thereupon Dr. Rich. Hunt, prebendary 
of Canterbury, was installed in his room 29 May 
the same year. Dr. W. James hath published. 

Several Sermons, as, (1) Sermon before the Q. 
Maj. at Hampton- Court, 19 Feb. 1578. On 
Ezra, 4. 1, 2, 3. Lond. 1578, oct. [Bodl. 8vo. L. 
104. Th.] (2) Sermon at Paul's-Cross, 9 Nov. 
1589. On 1 Cor. 12. 25, 26, 27. Lond. 1590. 
qu. and others, as 'tis said, which I have not 

£4213 yet seen. He died on the 12th of May in sixteen 
hundred and seventeen, and was buried in the 

*^''- choir of the Cath. ch. of Durham". He had 
a younger brother named Francis James fellow 
of Alls. coll. whom I shall mention in the F'asti 
1587, and a son of both his names by his first 
wife, (named Katharine, an Abington woman,) 
who was student of Ch. Ch. and orator of the 
university, an. 1601. Another son also he had, 
named Francis James, begotten on the body of 
his third wife, named Isabel ; which Francis was 
student of Ch. Ch. also, afterwards a minister 
and well beneficed. He published j4 Proclama- 
tion to the King, in a Sermon preached 1 5 June 
1647, before his Maj. On Jonah 3. 7, 8. Lond. 
1647. qu. About which time losing all his spiri- 
tualities, lived poor and bare, till the king's 
return, 166O. There was another Fr. James, 
whom I shall mention in the Fasti 1612. 

• Canbden in AnnalJac. I. MS. sub an. 1620. 

* £See his epitaph in Willis's Cathedrals, page 248.] 



[Pat. 17 Eliz. 1575, \Vinielmus James habet 
literas reginae de pro's, ad rectoriam de Kingham, 
Oxon. dioc. Rymer, xv, 742. 

1601, 4 Nov. Geo. Moorccroft presbyter, A. M. 
ad Eccl. de Kingham dioc. Oxon. per resign. 
Willelmi James S. T. P. decani Dunelm. Reg. 
Whitgif't. Kennet. 

From a letter t6 Burleigh, lord treasurer, from 
the chaplains and fellows of the Savoy, dated 
1573. ' May it therefore please your good lord- 
ship, there is one Mr. James, B. D. and reader 
of the divinity lecture in Oxon ; his living, learn- 
ing, and zeal in religion, is so well known, that 
the same needs not our commendation. His wis- 
dom and policy in restoring and bringing to happy 
quietness the late wasted, spoiled and indebted 
University college in Oxon, whereof he is now 
master, d!oth not only give us hopes of great 
good, that he shall be able to do us, but also do 
make us the more bold humbly to pray your 
honour to be the means, that her majesty may 
be moved for the said Mr. James, that he may be 
our master.' '] 

EUSEBIUS PAGET was born at Cranford 
in Northamptonshire, sent to Oxon at 12 years of 
age in the rei^n of Q. Mary, was made choirister, 
and afterwards, as it seems, student of Ch. Ch. 
where making a considerable progress in logic 
and philosophy, departed without a degree, (tho' 
a noted sophister,) and at length became rector 
of the parish church of St. Anne and St. Agnes 
w ithin Aldersgate, in London, where he continued 
many j'ears a constant and faithful preacher of 
God's word. He hath written and published. 

The History of the Bible, briefly collected by 
Way of Question and Answer. — When first print- 
ed I know not. Sure 'tis, that one edition of it 
came out " at Cambridge in oct. with an epistle 
" before it dated from his house at Deptford, 
" Ang. 1602. (Quaere, Whether beneficed there.') 
*' and another at" Lond. 1627. oct. In the title 
of which, 'tis said, that it was corrected by the 
author. Another edition came out in 1657, in 
tw. and one or more afterwards. 

Sermon of Tithes. On Gen. 14. 20, 21. Lond. 
1583. oct. J 

Serm. of Election. On Gen. 25. 23. Lond. in 
oct. [Prmted by Robert Waldegrave, without 
date.] 

Catechism. Lond. 1591. oct. He also trans- 
lated from Latin into English, Harmony on Matth. 
Mark, and Luke, written by John Calvin, [and 

* [Strype's Annals of the Reformation, iv. Supplement, 
No. 5. page 10.] 

' \_A godly and fruitfull Sermon made upon the 20 and 
21 Ferses of the 14 Chapter of the first Book of Genesis, 
wherein there is taught what Provision ought to be made for 
the Ministcrie : very necessary to he learned of' all Christians. 
Lond. 1583. 8vo. 1 find no name of author or printer; but 
it must be the same which Mr. Wood here calls Sermon qf 
Tithes. Kennbx,] 



205 



PAGET. 



KILBY. 



TIG HE. 



206 



printed Lond. 1584. 4to.<] Other things, as 'tis 
said, he hath either written or translated, but 
such I have not yet seen. He died in a good old 
age, eitlier in tiie latter end of May, or begin- 
j6i7. nuig of June, in sixteen hundred and seventeen, 
and was buried in his church of SS. Anne and 
Agnes before-mentioned, leaving llien behind him 
a son named Ephraim Paget, whom 1 shall here- 
after mention, a godly and learned minister, and 
one that suffered by the Presbyterians, in the 
beginning of the grand rebellion raised by them. 

[Eusebius Pagyt habet lit. regina* de praes. ad 
rectoriam de Barnewell Sanctorum, Pctriburg. 
dioc. 19 Junii 1375- Kymer, Fctdera, xv. 742. 

1604,21 Sept. Euseb. Paget A. B. admiss. ad 
eccl. sanctarum Annas et Agnetis infra Alders- 
gate, percessionem Mich. Hill. Reg. Bancroft. 

1617, 20 Junii. Ric. Clewel A. M. coll. ad 
ecclesiam sanctarum Annaj et Agnetis infra Al- 
dersgate, per mortem Eusebii Paget. Reg. 
Lona. 

The information exhibited before the ecclesias- 
tical commissioners against Eusebius Pagitt, mi- 
nister, for not conforming. The answer exhibited 
11 January, 1384, 27 Eliz. to the archbishops 
and other high commissioners upon questions 
made to him whether he would observe and use 
the Book of Common Prayer. MSS. Harley 
61. C. 21, and 62. A. 8. Kennet-^ 

Quidam Euseb. Paget coll. Chr. admissus in 
matriculam Acad. Cant. Feb. 22, 1563. Itegist. 
A. B. 1367. Baker. 

In the year 1 59 1 , Paget suffered great trouble 
from the very rigid enforcement of subscription. 
He seems to have been one of those preachers 
who, though they duly complied with the cus- 
toms and devotions of the church, yet could not 
approve of every particular right and usage. 
Strype* mentions him as ' a lame, but a very 
goon, quiet and learned man, who met with very 
Hard usage from both sides. For his refusal of 
subscription he was forced to leave his living, 
and then taught school. Which way of liveli- 
hood he was at length deprived of also : for it 
was now thought convenient, to prevent the 
influence the Puritans might have upon the 
minds of children, that those that took licences 
» to teach school, should first take the oath of 



♦ [The Eng. translation of Calvin's Harmony, is in the 
title said to be by E. P. Maunsel in his Catalogue, gives 
Eusebius Paget as the translator. There is a copy in bion 
college library in Ato. Lond. impensis Geor. Bishop 1584. 
BowLE.] 

5 [Papers relating to the Case of Mr. Euselius Pagett Mi- 
nister of Kilkhampton in the diocese of Exeter, who was about 
A. D. 1684. called before the High Commission {and, as it 
seems, deprived) for omitting to read divers Parts of the 
Common Prayer, &c. MS. Harl. 813.1fol. 14, b. This title 
gives lis one of Paget's prcferinents, or at least curacies, 
hitherto unnoticed.] 

' [ij/e of JVhitgift, Lond. 1718, folio. Book iv, page 
377-1 



supremacy and subscribe the articles of the con- 
vocation, concerning the consent of religion. 
And by this means the poor man was in danger 
of begging for his and his families livclihwid.' 
In the same work ' we have Paget's Letter to the 
Lord Ailmiral, dated June 3, 1591, in which he 
professes his love for the church, and his constant 
attendance on its riles, and entreats for favour, 
that he be not turned out of house and calling, 
to go, as an idle rogue and vagabond, from diKir 
to door, to beg his bread, while he is able, in a 
lawful calling, to get it.] 

KICIIAKD KILBY received his first breath 
from a plebeian family in Warwickshire, and his 
juvenile education there, at the cost and charges 
of Hob." Olney of Tachbrook in that county. 
Thence he was sent to Glocester hall, where he 
spent near four years in logic and philosophy. 
Afterwards he went to Emanuel coll. in Cam- 
bridge,' where taking the degrees in arts, he 
taught a school in Kent. About that time taking 
holy orders, (an. 1596.) he became' curate of 
Southfleet there, where he was much followed for 
his familiar way of preaching. At length he re- 
moved, and was first made minister of S. Alk- 
monds, then of AUhallows, in the antient borough 
of Derby. He hath written 

The Jiurthen of a loaden Conscience, or t/ie 
Miserif of Sin. Lond. 1608. Camb. I6l4,» l6l6, 
[Bodl. 8vo. D. 53. Th.] in all, at least six editions, 
in Oct. 3 

The Unhurthening of a loaden Conscience. 

Printed with the former book. With other things 
which I have not yet seen. He died 21 Oct. in 
sixteen hundred and seventeen, and was buried 
in the chancel of the church of AUhallows in 
Derby before-mentioned. Over his grave is a 
brass plate fastened to the midst of the North- 
wall of the said chancel, with eight home-spun 
verses engraven thereon, the four first of which 
run thus : 

Loe Richard Kilby lieth here, 
Which lately was our minister. 
To th' poor he ever was a friend, 
And gave them all he had at's end, 8lc. 

ROBERT TIG HE was born at Deeping in 
Lincolnshire, received part of his academical 
education, as it seems, in Magd. coll. whence 
going to Cambridge, he took the degrees in arts 



Ibid. Appendix, Book iv. No. xi. page l66.] 



Tanner.] 
\\. ChudwicK 1 



Will. T; 

Dr. Ch. ChadwicTc his tutor. Tanmeh.] 
"Curate of Southfleet in l6o6. Tanner.] 
This was the fifth impression. TannerTJ 
' [In this work the author gives a very open confession 
of his own follies and vices from his youth upw,irds ; yet n i 
particulars of his life are to be gleaned from it, except, that 
atone period he became a member of the church of Rome, 
and afterwards rt-canted his opinions and commenced Puri- 
tan. A MS. note at p. 85 of the Bodleian copy, »ay» he 
entered into orders in the year IS97.] 



Ifl7. 



[422] 



207 



FLAVEL. 



CORYATE. 



208 



there, and then returning to the said coll. again, 
was not only incorporated in that degree, but ad- 
mitted to tiie reading of the sentences, in 1596. 
Afterwards he went to Cambridge again, took 
the degree of D. of D. being about that time 
vicar of Allhallows Barkin, near to tlie Tower of 
London, and going to Oxon again, was incorpo- 
rated there, an. 16 10, at which time he was arch- 
deacon of Middlesex. He was an excellent tcx- 
tuary, and a profound linguist, which was the 
reason (as 'tis said) why he was cmploy'd by king 
James 1. in the translation of the BinLE, in 1604. 
What else he translated, or wrote, I know not, 
nor any thing besides, only that he died about 
I6l7. the beginning of Nov. in sixteen hundred and 
seventeen, after he had been vicar of the said 
church from 1604, to the beginning of I6l6, 
leaving behind him a widow named Mary. In 
his archdeaconry succeeded Dr. Will. Goodwin, 
dean of Ch. Ch. Oxon. 

[Rob. Tighe, S. T. B. admiss. ad vicar. Om- 
nium Sanctorum Berkin, Lond. 22 Maii, 1598, 
per resign. Tho. Rayis. Ex coll. domini archie- 
piscopi Cant. Reg. Grindal. 

Ed. Abbot, A. M. ad eandem cccl. 4 Maii l6l6, 
per mort. Rob. Tyghe. Res. Bancroft. 

Robertus Tighc, S.T.P. obiit die ult. Aug. 14, 
Jac. 1. seisitus in manerio de Carleby et advo- 
cat. ecclesie de Tho. com. Exon. ut de man. suo 
de Burne. Collect. Rob. Sanderson, MS. Ken- 
net.] 

JOHN FLAVEL, a native of Bishops-Lid- 
diard in Somersetshire, was entrcd a student in 
Trinity coll. in l6lO, aged 14, and soon after be- 
came the forwardest youth in that house, for his 
quick and smart disputations in logic and philo- 
sophy. At length tlie foundress ofWadham coll. 
having been often told of the pregnancy of his 
parts, she made him one of her first scholars 
thereof, in 1613. In the year following he took 
the degree of bach, of arts, and became very use- 
ful among the juniors by his frcnuent reading of 
logic lectures, and presiding in pnilosophical dis- 
putations in the public refectory. In 16 1 7, he 
proceeded in arts, being then esteemed a good 
Greek and Latin poet, was senior of the act that 
year, and chose public professor of grammar in 
the university, in which faculty he was excellent, 
and took great delight. He hath written, 

Traclatus de Demonstratione mct/iodicus S^ pole- 
miens. Oxon. 1619- [Bodl.8vo. C. 126. Art.], &c. 
in 4 books, not intended for the press, only for 
the use and profit of private auditors. But so it 
was, that after his death, his notes coming into 
the hands of Alex. Huish of the same coll. he 
put them into order, digested, and sent them to 
the press, which since hath been taken into the 
hands of all juniors, and have undergone several 
impressions. 

Grammat. Grac. Enchj/ridion. in oct. This 



Roes under the name of John Flaveli, but whe- 
ther written by the former, I know not, for I have 
not vet seen it. He died in the flower of his 
youth on the 10 Nov. in sixteen hundred and 
seventeen, and was buried in VVadham coll. chap- i()i7. 
pel. 1 find another Job. Flaveli, after the former 
m time, author of a little thing entit. A Prayer 
or Treatise of God's mighty Power and Protection 
of his Church and People, &c. Lond. l642; and 
another,* author of Husbandry spi- * If not the 
ritualiz'd, Hiv. Lond. 1669. qu. of same. First 
J Saint indeed, &c. Lond. 1670. edit. 
oct. and of several other things, but whether he 
was ever of this university, 1 ]fcnow not. He oc- 
curs minister of Dartmouth in Devon. 1672, and 
several years after. 

THOMAS CORYATE, son of George Cory- 
ate, mentioned under the year 1606, was born in 
the parsonage house at Odcombe in Somerset- 
shire, became a commoner of Glocester-hall in 
the beginning of the year 1596, aged 19, where 
continuing about three years, he attained, by the 
help of a great memory, to some competency in 
logic, but more by far in the Greek tongue, and 
in humane learnmg. Afterwards he was taken 
home for a lime, then went to London, and was 
reeeived into the family of Henry, prince of 
Wales. At which time falling into the company 
of the wits, who found him little better than a 
fool in many respects, made hin> their whetstone, 
and so became iwtus niniis omnibus. In the be- 

f inning of the year l6()8, he took a voyage into 
ranee, Italy, Germany, &c. and at his return 
published his travels under this title. 

Crudities hastily gobled up in Jive months Travels [423] 
in France, Savoy, Italy, Rhetia, Helvetia, some 
Parts of High-Germany and the Netherlands. 
Lond. 1611. qu. [Bodl. 4to. C. 28. Art. Seld.] 
Which book was then usher'd into the world by 
an Odcombiant- Banquet, consisting of near 60 
copies of excellent verses made by the poets of 
that time : (which did very much advantage the 
sale of the book) .among them were Ben. John- 
son, sir Jo. Harrington of Kelston near Bath, 
Dudl. Digges, afterwards master of the Rolls, 
Rich. Martin, recorder of London, Laur. Whit- 
taker, Hugh Holland the traveller. Job. Hoskyns, 
sen. Inigo Jones the surveyor,^ Christop. Brook, 
Rich. Corbet of Ch. Ch. John Chapman, Thom. 
Campian, Dr. of phys. Jo. Owen the epigram- 
matist, Sam. Pag. of C. C. C. Tho. Bastard of 
New coll. Tho. Parnaby, sometimes of Mert. coll. 
Jo. Donne, Mich. Drayton, Joh. Uavys of Here- 
ford, Hen. Peacham, &c. ^ In the year follow- 

♦ [Tliere is a copy of verses by .lones, prefixed to Coryat's 
Crudities, among many others by the wits of that age, who 
all aflccted to turn Coryat's book into ridicule, but which, at 
least, is not so foolisii as their verses. Walpole, Anecdote* 
of Pdinting, ii, 172. Cole.] 

' [The following lines, which do not appear in the printed 
collection of verses, were evidently intended for a place in the 



209 



CORYATE. 



210 



ing (16 12) after he had taken leave of his coun- 
trymen by an oration spoken at tlie cross in Od- 
combe, lie took a long and large journey, with 
intentions not to return to liis native country, till 
he had spent 10 years in travelling to and IVo. 
The first place he went to* was Constantinople, 
where he took special notice of all things there 
observable. In which place he found very great 
respect and encouragement from sir Paul Pindar, 
then and there ambassador. Being there for some 
time he took his opportunities to view divers parts 
in Greece ; and in the Hellespont he took spe- 
cial notice of those two castles directly opposed 
to each other, called Sestos and Abycfos, which 
stand on the several b.inks that bound that very 
narrow sea. Which places Musseus makes fa- 
mous in his very antient poem of Hero and Lean- 
der. He saw Smirna famous at that time for 
trade, but not religion, and what then remain'd 
of the ruins of sometimes great Troy, but the 
very ruins of that place were almost ail gone to 
ruin. From Smirna he found a passage to Alex- 
andria in Egypt, and there, near Grand Cairo, 
(antiently called Memphis) he observed what re- 
main'd of the once famous pyramids. Returning 
thence back to Alexandria he found a passage by 
sea to Joppa, and travelling thence 20 English 
miles, he arrived at Jerusalem, but found it a very 
solitary, rocky and uncomfortable way, full of 
danger, by reason of the wild Arabs, who keep 
about those passages, to make poor travellers 
their prey and spoil. In Jerusalem he saw Mount 
Calvary (where our Saviour suffered) then en- 
closed within the walls; Bethlehem, where he was 
born, about five English miles from Jerusalem ; 
and Mount Olivet, whence he ascended. From 
Jerusalem he took his way to take a view of the 
dead sea, the place where Sodom and Gomorrah, 
and Admah and Zeboim once stood. Thence he 
went to have a sight of the river Jordan, which 
disehargeth it self into that most uncomfortable 
lake, and from thence he journied North-East 
through the Ten Tribes, till he came to Mount 
Libanus. Thence back to Sidon, where he got a 
passage by sea unto Alexandretta, now called 
Scanderoon, which is one of the most unwhole- 
some places in the world. Thence he took his 

original work. They are transcribed from a manuscript in 
the Bodleian, Rawl. Poet. 120. 

In laudem libri et itineris primi Thome Coriati. 

As Eloquence vpon a trotting nagge, 
out-ambles Wisedom in a morris daunce, 
or, as the waves doe over-flush the crag- 
gie rocks of fortune on the shoares of t'raunce \ 

or, as your monkie, playing with his tayle, 
shewes a fayr body, and beraycs a scholler, 
so have you here the man and his travavle, 
who had no leader, nor shall have a foll'or.] 

* See in Edward Terry's Voyage into Enst-India, printed 
at I ond. I6ft5, n oct. p. 60, &c. 
Vol. II. 



way to Aleppo in Syria, about 70 miles distant 
from Scanderoon, where he was kindly received 
by the i^nglish consul, and tarried with him till 
he coidd get tire benefit of a caravan, which con- 
sists of a great multitude of people from divers 
parts, which get and keep together travelling for 
fear of the incursions and violences by thieves 
and murderers, which they would uncfoubtedjy 
meet withal, if they travelled single, or but few 
together. \\'ith tiicse, he after set forward to- 
wards, and to that city antiently called Nineveh 
in Assyria, which we find in the Prophecy of 
Jonah was sometimes ' a great and excellent city 
of three days journey,' but then so exceedingly 
lessen'd and lodg'd in obscurity, that passengers 
could not say ' tnis was Nineveh.' From thence 
he journied to Babylon in Chaldxa, situated upon 
the river Euphrates, once likewise so great, that 
Aristotle called it a country, not a city, but now 
very much contracted. From this place he pro- 
ceeded through both the Armenia's, and either 
did, or else he was made to, believe, that he saw 
the very mountain Ararat, whereon the ark of 
Noah rested after the flood. From thence he 
went forward towards the kingdom of Persia, and 
there to Uspahan, the usual place of residence for 
that * king. Thence to Scras, an- • That great 
tiently called Shushan, where the King. First 
great king, Ahasuerus, kept his royal "l''- 
and most magnificent court. Afterwards to Can- 
dahor, the first province, North-East, under the 
subjection of the Great-Mogul, and so to Lahore 
the chiefest city but one, belonging to that great 
empire, of very great trade, wealth and delight. 
From Lahore lie went into Agra, which is 400 
English miles "distant," planted with great trees 
on both sides, which are all the year cloathed 
with leav€s, exceeding beneficial unto travellers 
for the shade they afford them in those hot climes. 
At Agra he made an halt, being there lovingly 
received in the English factory, where he staid 
till he had gotten to the Turkish, and Morisco or 
Arabian languages, some good knowledge in the 
Persian and Indostan tongues, in which study he 
was always very apt, and in little time shewed 
much proficiency. The first of those two, the 
Persian, is the more quaint ; the other, the In- 
dostan, is the vulgar language spoken in East- 
India. In both these he suddenly got such a 
knowledge and mastery, that it did exceedingly 
afterwards advantage him in his travels un and 
down the Mogul's territories, he wearing always 
the habit of that nation, and speaking their lan- 
guage. In the first of these, the Persian tongue, 
he made afterwards an oration to the Great 
Mogul, and in the Indostan he had so great a 
command, that he undertook a landry-woman 
(belonging to the English ambassador in that 
country) who had such a liberty and freedom of 
speech that she would sometimes scould, brau! 
and rail from sun-rising to sun-set: I say that 
P 



[424J 



211 



CORY ATE. 



212 



[425] 



Tom Corvate undertaking her in her own lan- 
guage he clid so silence her by eight of tlie clock in 
the morning, that she had not one word more to 
speak, to the great wonder and mirth of those 
present. After he had visited several places in 
that country, and had been courteously received 
by sir Tho. Roe, ambassador there for the K. of 
England, he went at length to Surat, lying on the 
banks of Swally Road, which is in E. India under 
the empire of the Gr. Mo^ul, where he ended his 
days. He was a man ot a very coveting eye, 
that could never be satisfied with seeing, tho' he 
had seen very much, and yet he took as much 
content in seeing, as many others in the enjoying 
of great and rare things. He had got (besides 
the Latin and Greek) the mastery ot many hard 
languages, in which, if he had obtained wisdom 
to husband and manage them, as he had skill to 
speak them, he had deserved more fame in his 
generation. But his knowledge and high attain- 
ments in several languages made him not a little 
ignorant of himself, he being so covetous and 
ambitious of praise, that he would hear and en- 
dure more of it than he could in any measure 
deserve; being like a ship that hath too much 
sail, and too little ballast. However had he not 
fallen into tlie smart hands of the wits of those 
times, wherein he lived, he might have passed 
better. That itch of fame which engaged this 
man to the undertaking of those very hard, long, 
and dangerous travels, hath put thousands more 
(and therefore he was not alone in this) into 
strange attempts, only to be talked of. 'Twas 
fame, without doubt, that stirred up this man 
unto these voluntary, but hard undertakings, and 
the hope of that glory which he should reap after 
he had finished his long travels, made him not at 
all to take notice of the hardship he found in 
them. That hope of name and repute for the 
time to come did even feed and feast him for the 
time present. And therefore any thing, that did 
in any measure eclipse him in those high con- 
ceivings of his own worth, did too too much 
trouble him ; which you may collect from these 
following instances; Upon a time' one Mr. Rich. 
Steel, a merchant, and servant to the East-India 
company, came to sir Tho. Roe, the ambassador 
at Mandoa, the place then of the Mogul's resi- 
dence, at which time our author, Tho. Coryate, 
was there. This merchant had not long before 
travelled over land from East-India, through 
Persia, and so for Constantinople, and so for 
England, who in his travels homeward had met 
with T. Coryate as he was journeying towards 
East-India. Mr. Steel then told him, that when 
he was in England, K. James (then living) en- 
quired after him, and when he had certified the 
king of his meeting him on the way, the K. re- 

aed, ' Is that fool yet living .'' which, when our 
, grim Coryate heard it, seemed to trouble 

' Ibid, in Edw. Terry, p. 73. 



him very much, because the K. spake no more 
nor no better of him ; saying, that kings would 
speak of poor men what they pleased. At ano- 
tner time when he was ready to depart from M an- 
doa, sir Tho. Roe the ambassador gave him a let>- 
ler, and in that a bill to receive ten pounds at 
Aleppo when he should return thither. The let- 
ter was directed to Mr. Libbeus Chapman there 
consul at that time, in which, that which con- 
cern'd our traveller was thus, * Mr. Chapman, 
when you shall hand these letters, I desire you to 
receive the bearer of them, Mr. Tho. Coryate, 
with courtesy, for you shall find him a very ho- 
nest, poor wretch; and further, I must intreatyou 
to furnish him with ten pounds, which shall be 
repayed,' &c. Our pilgrim liked the gift well, 
but the language by which he should have re- 
ceived it, did not ail content him, telling his 
chamber-fellow, Mr. Terry, that ' my lord ambas- 
sador had even spoiled his courtesy in the car- 
riage thereof; so that if he had been a very fool in- 
deed, he could have said very little less of him than 
he did. Honest poor wretch ! and to say no more of 
him was to say as much as nothing.' Further- 
more also he told him, that when he was formerly 
undertaking his journey to Venice, a person of 
honour wrote thus in his behalf to sir Hen. Wotton 
then and there ambassador, ' My lord, good wine 
needs no bush, neither a worthy man letters com- 
mendatory, because whithersoever he comes, he 
is his own epistle,' &c. This did so much please 
the pilgrim, that ' there' (said he) ' was some lan- 
guage in my behalf, but now for my lord to write 
nothing of me by way of commendation, but 
honest poor wretch, is rather to trouble me, than 
to please me with his favour.' And therefore 
afterwards his letter was phras'd up to his mind, 
but he never lived to receive the money. By 
which his old acquaintance might sec, how tender 
the poor man was to be touched in any thing 
that might in the least measure disparage him. 
O, what pains he took to make himself a subject 
for present and after discourse! Being troubled 
at nothing for the present, unless with the fear of 
not living to reap that fruit he was so ambitious 
of in all his undertakings. And certainly he was 
surprized with some such thoughts and fears (as he 
afterwards told the company) when upon a time 
he being at Mandoa with the English, and there 
standing in a room against a stone pillar, where 
the ambassador was, upon a sudden he fell into 
such a swoon, that they had very much ado to 
recover him out of it, but at last he came to him- 
self, and told them, that some sad thoughts had 
immediately before presented themselves to his 
fancy, which, as he conceived, put him into that 
distemper; like Fannius in Martial, — ' Ne mo- 
riere mori.' For he told them that there was 
great expectation in England of the large accounts 
he should give of his travels after his return home, 
and that he was now shortly to leave them, and 
he being at present not very well, if he should dye 



213 



CORYATE. 



PULTON. 



SU 



in his way toward Surat, whither he was then in- 
tending to go (which place lie had not yet seen) 
he might be buried in obscurity, and none of his 
friends ever know what became of him, travelhng 
then, as usually he did, alone. Upon which tiio 
ambassador willed him to stay longer with him, 
but he then thankfully refused that offer, and 
turned his face presently after towards Sural, 
which was 300 miles distant from the place where 
the ambassador was, and he lived to come safely 
thither. But being there over-kindly used by 
some of the Englisli, who gave him sack, which 
they had brought from Engand, he calling for 
some, as soon as he first heard of it, and crying, 
' Sack, sack, is there such a thing as sack i I pray 
give me some sack;' and drinking of it moderately 
(for he was very temperate) it increased his flux 
which he had then upon him; and this caused 
him within few days after his very tedious and 
troublesome travels, (for he went most on foot) 
at that place to come to his journey's end. What 
[426] became of his notes and observations, which he 
had made in his long journeys, I know not, only 
these following which he sent to his friends in 
England, who printed them in his absence. 

Letters from A&inere, the Court of the Great 
Mogul, to several Persom of Quality in England, 
concerning the Emperor and his Countri/ of E. 
India. Lond. I6l6, qu. [Bodl. 4to. L. 62. Art.] 
In the title of which is our author's picture, rid- 
ing on an elephant. The first letter is written to 
sir Edw. Philips of Montague in Somersetshire, 
Kt. master of the rolls. 

A Letter to his Mother Gertrude, dated from 
Agra in E. India, nit. Oct. I6l6. containing a 
Speech that he spoke to the G^. Mogul in the Per- 
.nan Language. — See in the Pilgrimages of Sam. 
Purchase, part 1. book 4. chap. 17. and also at 
tlie end of his Letters from Asmere before-men- 
tioned. 'Tis reported * that in an oration which 
our author Coryate did speak to the said Mogul, 
he brought in that story of the queen of Sheba, 
1 Kings 10. (in which parts of that sacred history 
the Mahometans have some knowledge) and told 
him that as the queen of Sheba having heard of 
the fame of K. Solomon, came from far to visit 
him ; which when she had done, she confessed 
that tho' she had heard very much of him, and 
many things beyond her belief, yet now seeing 
what she aid, acknowledged that she had not 
heard half of that which she now saw concerning 
the wisdom, and greatness, and revenue, and 
riches of Solomon : so our orator Coryate told 
the Mogul, that he had heard very much of him 
before he had the honour to see him (when he was 
very far off in his own country) but now what he 
beheld did exceedingly surmount all these former 
reports of him, which came to his ears at such a 
distance from him. Then larding his short speech 
with some other pieces of flattery, which the 
' Ibid, in Ed. I'erry, p. 70. 



Mogul liked well, concluded. Afterwards the 
Mogul gave him one hundred roopus's, which 
amounts to the value of 12/. lOj. of our English 
money, looking upon him as a dcrveese, or votary, 
or pifgrim, (for so he called him) and such that 
bear that name in that country seem not much 
to care for money, and that was the reason (I 
conceive) that he gave him not a more plentiful 
reward. 

Certain Observations from the MoguFt Court 
and E. India. — See in Purchase before-men- 
tion'd. 

Travels to, and Observations in, Constantinople 
and other Places in the W(iu thither, and in his 
Journeu thence to Allepo, Damatcus and Jerusa- 
lem, lb. parts, lib. 10. cap. 12. 

Ills Oration, purus, put us Coryatus; quintet- 
sence of Coryate. — Spoken extempore when Mr. 
Hob. Itugg dub'd him a knigiit on the ruins of 
Troy, by the name of Thomas Coryate, the first 
English knight of Troy. lb. cap. 12. 

Observations of Constantinople abridged. lb. 
cap. 12. 

Divers Lat. and Greek Epistles to learned Men 
beyond the Seas. — Some of which are in his Cru- 
dities, as those to Gasp. Waserus, Radolp. Hospi- 
nian. Hen. BuUinger, descended from the famous 
Henry Bullinger, Marc. Buellerus, &c. At length 
our author Coryate giving way to fate, occasion'd 
by a flux, at Surat in E. India before-mentioned, 
in the month of December in sixteen hundred and 
seventeen, was buried there under a little monu- 
ment, « like to one of those that are usually made 
in one of our eh. yards. Sic exit Coryatus: hence 
he went off the stage, and so must all after him, 
how lone soever their parts seem to be. For if 
one shoidd go to the extreamest part of the world 
East, another West, another North, and another 
South, they riust all meet at last together in the 
field of bonis, wherein our traveller hath now 
taken up his lodging, and where I leave him, to 
make way for the next, as eminent almost for the 
law, as he for his travels. 

[Mr. Browne Willis told me that in 174/5 he 
was in the church of Odcombe, which is small, 
consisting only of an embattelcd tower, in which 
hang about 3 bells, standinjj between the church 
and chancel, which are tj-led. : Tho. Coryate's 
shoes, which were hung up in the church were 
taken down about 1702, as he was informed by 
the inhabitants, who have a tradition that a great 
traveller was borne there ; but he could learn little 
else about him. Cole. 

An original letter of Coiyate's has been printed 
in Censura Literaria, viii, p. 73.] 

FERDINANDO PULTON, alias Poulton 
(son of Giles Pulton, esq; who died 1560.) was 

» [He lies buriwl on a small hill, on ihc left hand side of 
the road, leading from Surat by Broach gate. See Fryer's 
AVjo Account q/' East India and Persia, Lond. idgs, page 
lOO.l 

P2 



l6l7. 



215 



PULTON. 



216 



bom at Deusborougli in Northamptonshire, be- 
[427] came ' commoner ot Brascnnose coll. in the be- 
ginning of qu. Mary's reign, laid there a founda- 
tion of academical literature, which he found use- 
ful to him afterwards when he grew eminent in 
the common law. But leaving that house before 
he took a degree, he went to Lincoln's-inn, stu- 
died the said law, took the usual degrees, and 
became eminent for his knowledge in, and prac- 
tice of it, not only in London, but the usual place 
of his residence in the country, viz. at Borton in 
the parish and county of Buckingham. He hath 
written and published. 

An Abstract of all the Penal Statutes which be 
general, &c. Lond. [1579, 1581, Bodl. 4to. A. 23. 
3ur. and with additions 1586, and] 1600. qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. P. 7. Jur.] Digested alphabetically 
according to the several subjects they concern. 

Abridgment of the Statutes of England, that 
have been made and printed, from Magna Charta 
to the End of the Sessions of Parliament, 3 Jac. 
1. Lond. 1606, [Bodl. KK. 32. Jur.] and 42. 
[Bodl. T. 11. 13. Jur. and, continued to l6 Jac. 1. 
in two vol. Lond. I6l8. Bodl. MM. 12, 13. Jur.] 
&c. fol. 

Collection of Statutes repealed and not repealed. 
Lond. 1608. fol. 

De Pace Regis ^ Regni, declaring rchich be the 
general Offences and Impediments oj Peace. Lond. 
J610. and 15 fol. [Bodl. P. 2. 11. Jur.] 

Collection of sundry Statutes frequent in Use : 
with Notes in the Margin, and Reference to the 
Book, Cases and Books of Entry and Registers, 
where they be treated of. Lond. l6l8. in two vol. 
in fol. [B'odl. MM. 10. 1 1. Jur.] there again 1632. 
fBodl. X.2. 7. Th. and a^ain Lond. 1636. The 
Bodleian copy, M. 2. 10. Jur. with MS. notes by 
Thomas Barlow, bishop of Lincoln.] fol. &c. 
which collection reaches from 9 H. 3. to 
7 Jac. 1. 

The Statutes at large, concerning all such Acts 
which at any Time heretofore have been extant in 
Print from Magna Charta, to the \6 of Jac. 1. 
^c. divided into tioo Vol. with marginal Notes, &c. 
Lond. 1618, &c. fol. He departed this life, on 
1617-8. the 20 January in sixteen hundred and seventeen, 
aged 82, and was buried in the chancel of the 
church of Deusborougli, bcfore-mention'tl. Over 
his grave was a large plain stone soon after laid, 
with an epitaph engraven thereon, wherein 'tis 
said that he was * vir omni virtutis & doctrinarum 
genere, (&,) quondam illustrissimus necnon seduhis 
.scriptor 8c propagator legum hujus regni.' But 
if you are minded to read his English epitaph, 
see in sir Joh. Beaumont's Taste of the Variety of 
Poems, at the end of his Bosworth-field. Lond. 
1629. oct. The said Ferdinando Pulton left behind 
him several sons, whereof two were R. Cath. 
priests. 

• Reg. 1. Coll.MneiNas. fol. 92. a. 



[The following observations on this article are 
taken from Hearne's Robert of Gloucester's Chro- 
nicle, pref. p. xxiv. ed. 1724. 

Ann now I mention this Nuremberg Chronicle, 
I cannot but take notice of a copy of it, that was 
given to Christ's college in Cambridge by the 
great common lawyer Ferdinando Pulton. Be- 
fore which copy is an inscription, that is very- 
remarkable, and had it fallen into the hands of 
the industrious author of Athen.e Oxonienses, 
he would not, surely-, have rang'd this eminent 
lawyer among the Oxford writers. I shall give 
the inscription, with some other particulars, just 
as they were all sent me by my foresaid friend, 
the reverend Mr. Thomas Baker, the great anti- 
quary of Cambridge. 

In turning my papers (saith Mr. Baker) I like- 
wise find, we have another copy of Hartman 
Schedel, &c. at Christ's coll. given the coll. by 
Ferd. Pulton, with this inscription before the 
book. ' Ferdinando Pulton, esquier, admitted 
scholar in his youth into Christ's colledge in 
Cambridge, the last yeere of the raigne of king 
Edward the sixt, continued there untill the 
last yeere of the raigne of queene Marie, and 
made fellowe of the same colledge one yeere 
before he departed thence. Became afterwards 
a paynfull student and professor of the common 
and statute lawes of this realme (as maye appeare 
by severall bookes or workes by him com- 
posed and published in print, tending to the 
knowledge and divulging of the same lawes) even 
untill his age of fourscore yeeres and upward: For 
the love and affection which he did beare to the 
said colledge, his nurse and schoolmistriss, and 
in token of good will to the same house, did, 
upon the si.xt daie of September, anno Domini 
1617, and anno regni regis Jacobi 15, bestowe 
this booke uppon the master and fellowes of the 
aforesaid colledge and their successors, too meane 
a guifte for so worthie and well deserving a place, 
intended nevertheles to have been much greater, 
had it not been extenuated by the charges and 
expenses of his travell and labors in the workes 
aforesaid, willinglie bestowed uppon the professors 
of the same stuaie, for the benefitt of his countrie 
and commonwelth thereof. 
By me, 
Ferdinando Pulton, of Borton in the 

countie and parishe of Buckingham.' 

The subscription is in a different hand, and, I 
presume, his own. 

Nov. 23, 1552. Ferdi. Pulton coll. Chr.admis- 
sus in Album sive Matriculam Acad. Cant. 

An. 1555,6. conceditur Ferdinando Pulton, ut 
12 termini, in quibis lectiones ordinarias audivit, 
licet non omnino secundum formam statuti, cum 
oppositionibus & respons : requisitis sufficiant ei 
pro completis gradu & forma bac. in artibus : 
sic quod exaraiiietur & approbetur, convivetur, 
8c coetera peragat juxta forman statuti, quoniam 



217 



WYRLEY. 



218 



determinationem finalcm sine maxiino suo ilis- 
peiulio expectare non potest. Rfg- Acad. 

Pulton actu bac. ante determinationem Rcgr. 
Acad. Tliis great dispateh was, I presume, in 
order to his being elected fellow, for in a cuta- 
jogue of their fellowes I find, Ferd. Pulton elec- 
tus socius an. 1553. That is, 1 suppose in Jan. 
Ftbr. or March 1555,G. 

Mr. Wood quotes a Register in Brazen-nose 
coll. and liis quotation is mithfuil enough, as I 
find by this meniorandum, that, upon this occa- 
sion, a worthy friend writ out of it for me : ' No- 
mina admissorum in coll. 1556, Junii28°. Fer- 
dinandus Pulton Northampt. Reg. A. Coll. At.n. 
Nns. fol. 92. But then Mr. Wood builds too 
much upon it, it being very clear, from the in- 
scription and notes above, that Pulton was one of 
the Cambridge writers, and not an Oxford one, 
where he only resided a little while, and entered 
himself of Brazen-nose coll. tho', at the same 
time, he was actually a member of the university 
of Cambridge.] 

WILLIAM WYRLEY, son of Au^ustin 
Wyrlcy of Netherscille in Leicestershire (by Mary 
his wife, daughter of W^alt. Charnells) son of 
Will. Wyrley of Handsworth in Stafl'ordshire, 
descended from an antient family of i)is name, 
sometimes living at Rowley in the said county, 
was born ^ in Staftbrdshire ; and in those parts 
educated in grammar learning. This person, 
whom we are farther to mention, having from his 
childhood had an excellent geny for arms and 
armory was entertained in the fapily of Sampson 
Erdeswyke of Sandon, esq; (mentioned under the 
year l603.) called then by some the antiquary of 
Staffordshire, where making a considerable pro- 
gress in heraldical and antiquarian studies under 
his inspection, published a book under his owu 
name entitled, 

The true Use of Armory, shewed by History, and 
plainly proved by Example, &.c. Lond. 1592. qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. A. 33. Art. J Reported by some to be 
originally written by the said Erdeswyke, but he 
being then an antient man, thought it fitter to 
have it published under Wyrley's name than his. 
However the reader is not to think so, but rather 
to suspend his thoughts (being only a bare report 
that came 3 originally from Erdeswyke's mouth,'') 
and to know this, that Wyrley was an ingenious 
man, and fit to compose such a book, and that 
Erdeswyke being oftentimes crazed, especially in 
his last days, and fit then for no kind of serious 
business, would say any thing which came into 
his mind, as 'tis very well known at this day 

* Reg. Matric. Univ. Oxon. P. pag. 447. 

' See sir Will. Duadale's book eiitit. The antient Usage 
and Bearing of such Ensigns of Honour, as are called Arms, 
kc. Oxon. 1681, and 82, in oct. p. 4. 

+ [Mr. Burton, the author of the History of Leicestershire, 
told Uup;dale, that Erdeswyke had acknowledged himself tlie 
writer of this book before liim.] 



among the cliief of the college of arms. Soon 
after the publication of that book, Wyrley left 
him, and retired to Buliol coll. purposely to ob- 
tain academical learning, where Dciiig put under [428] 
the tuition of a good tutor, and in great hope to 
obtain the grounds of the said learning, was ma- 
triculated in the university ^ as a member of that 
house in act term, an 1595, he being then about 
29 years of age. How long he continued there, 
or whether he took a degree, it appears not. 
However for diversion sake, he employed his time 
so admirably well <luring his abode in that liouse, 
that he made several ' collections of arms from 
monuments and windows in churches and else- 
where in and near Oxon, which have given me 
much light in my searches after things of that 
nature, in order to the finishing the great work 
that 1 have been many years drudging in. He 
also made divers remarks and collections from 
various leiger books, sometimes belonging to 
monasteries in these parts, and elsewhere. The 
original of which, written with his own hand, I 
have in my little library, [now in the Ashmole 
museum.] which, tho' partly perished by wet and 
moisture, yet I shall always keep them as monu- 
ments of his industry. On the 15 May, 2 Jac. I. 
Uom. 1()04, he was ' constituted Rouge-Croix, 
officer or pursivant of arms. Which place he 
holding several years, was always reputed among 
those of the coll. of arms, a knowing and useftil 
person in his profession ; and might, had a longer 
life been spared, have published several matters 
relating thereunto, but being untimely cut off in 
the midst of his endeavours, about the beginning 
of Feb. in sixteen hundred and seventeen, we 1617-H 
have enjoyed only (besides the printed book and 
collections already mentioned) various collections 
of arms and inscriptions made in and from seve- 
ral churches and gentlemens habitations in his 
own county, Leicestershire, (which have assisted 
Burton the antiquary thereof) and in other coun- 
ties, and from churches in and near to London. 
Some of which I have seen and perused in the 
Slieldonian library, I mean in that library which 
belonged sometimes to that most worthy and 
generous person, (my friendly acquaintance ne- 
ver to be forgotten) Ralph Sheldon of Beoly, 
escjuire, the same Ralph (tor there are several of 
his family of both his names) who died in Mid- 
summer-day, an. 1684, aged 6I, or thereabouts. 
Which library, the MSS. only, to the number of 
about 300, besides very many parchment rolls 
and pedigrees, he bequeathed to tne coll. of arms 
situated on Bennet-hill, near to St. Paul's cathe- 
dral in London, where they yet remain. As for 
the body of Wyrley, 'twas buried, as I have been 
informed, in the church of S. Bennet, near to 
Paul's Wharf. 

' lb. in Reg. Matric. ut sup. * In manibtu D. 

Hen. St, George Ciareni. Arg. Arm. 
' Pat. S. Jac. 1 . p. 1 . 



219 



BUNNEY. 



220 



[WooH hns omitted to rpcor<l Wyrlev us n 
poet, although there were two piceen of tfiiit tle- 
Bcription aliixcd to \m Unn of Armorif, both 
whieh were eertninly written byliiniHeU'. 

1. Lord Chando). The glorioiu Life find ho- 
nnuriible Drnlh of Sir John Chandos— Knight of 
the honournhir Order of the Garter, elerted hi/ 
the fimt founder King Edward the third at his 
Jnnfitiition thereof 

2. Capitall dc fltiz. The hononrnhlf J.ife mid 
langiiiihing Death of Sir John de (irnl/ii/ Capitall 
de But, one of the Knights elected In/ the first 
Founder of the darter into that nohle Order, and 
Bometime one of the principalt Governors of Giii/en, 
Ancestor to the French King that now is. 

Tlic two hint stiuizuH of Lord Chandos sliall suf- 
fice as n Hpcciiuen : 

396. 

Ah ! througiifure full of baleful miseries, 
Hard passage, cover'd with sharp threat'ning 
rocks, 
Vile toilsome life, subject to destinies, 

Mad fools oil stage whom flouting fortune 

mocks. 
Poor silly sheep to slaughter led by flocks ; 
Drunk peevish men, whom safety's thought 

confound. 
Dreaming they never shall consume in ground. 

397. 
As silent ni^hl brings (piiet pause at last 

To painful travels of forepassed day. 
So closing death doth rest to labours east 
Making of all our toilful work a stay ; 
Thouglits, griefs, sad eares are bandon then 
away ; 
In pomp and glory though brave days we 

spend ; 
Yet happy none, until be known his end.] 

EDMUND BUNNEY, elder brother to Tran- 
cis Bunney before-mentioned, [eol. 2(X).] was the 
son of Rich. Bunney of Newton, otherwise called 
Bunney-hall in the parish of Wakefield, and of 
Newhmd in the parish of Normanton, in York- 
shire esq ; by Bridget his wife, daughter and 
coheir of Edw. Keslwold of the Vaehe near to 
Chalfont St. Giles in Hueks, (who <lie(l 1547) 
descended from Richard and IMiilip de la Vaehe, 
knights of the illustrious order oi the Garter in 
the lime of K. Rich. 2. These Bunneys (by the 
way it must be known) pretend that their ances- 
tors, descended froni the Bunneys of Hunney, 
a town so called, near to the ripe of the river Loir 
by Orleans in I'rtinee, »iime with William the 
eoiuiueror into lingland, and settled themselves 
at a place in Nottinghamshire called from them 
Bunney Rise; hut how they can make that out, 
seeing their name is not in the original and ge- 
nuine <'opy of Battle-Abtx y roll, I eaniiul yet 
understand. This our author Edin. Bunncv, whom 



I am farther to mention, was l)orn at a house 
called the Vaehe before-mention'd, (being then 
imparted) an. 1.540, sent to this university at IG 
years of age, in the fourth year of Q. Mary, and 
about the time he took the degree of bach, of 
arts, he was elected probationer fellow of Mngd. 
coll. being then noted to be very forward in logic 
and philosophy. Soon after he went to Staple 
inn, and thence to Grays-inn, in either of which 
lie spent about two years, for his father intended 
him for the common-law, being his eldest son, 
i)Ut he resolving for divinity, was east off by his 
father, (tho' a good man, as he the son ' saith, 
and one that tied for his religion in qu. Mary's 
days) so that returning to Oxon, he took the 
degree of master in llie latter end of l.'>()4, and 
in the year following was elected fellow of Mer- 
ton coll. at whi<.'h tune Hen. Savile was elected 
probationer. I'or whieh act, tho' the 80<;iety had 
no precedent, yet there was a necessity for it, 
because there was not one then in that society, 
that could, or would, preach any public sermon 
in the college turn, such was the scarcity of 
theoiogists, not only in that house, but generally 
throughout the university. In the year 1570, 
he was admitted to the reading of the sentences, 
and about that time became chaplain to Dr. 
Grindall archb. of York, who gave him a nre- 
bendship of that church and the rectory of Bolton 
Percy, about six miles distant thence. Which 
rectory after Ik^ had enjoyed 2.5 years, lie re- 
signecf, and maintaining himself with the profits 
of his prebendship, (being also subdean of York,) 
and other dignities, mention'd in his epitajih fol- 
lowing, he |)rcached and catechized wliere there 
was most need. I have heard Dr. Barten Holi- 
day say,' that when he was a junior in the univer- 
sity, this our author Bunney (who had a bulkey 
body and a broad faee) did several times come to 
Oxon, accoinpaiiied with two men in black live- 
ries with horses, and did preach or catechize 
in some churches there, and near to it, where was 
n(mc to do that office, particularly in Allsaints 
church, to whom many resorted ana took notes. 
Also, that whatsoever he had given to him by 
way of gratuity, he would bestow on his men; 
aiul farther added that by his seeming holiness of 
life and soundness of doctrine, many scholars 
(particularly himself) were indut-ed afterwards 
to take holy orders. lie would travel over most 
parts of England like a new apostle, and would 
endeavour to act as the apostles did. So that 
being blniued for it by many, as if there were 
none to be found to do that oHiee hut he, and 
looked upon by others as a forward, busy and 
conceited man, he tlu-ielure wrote his Defence 
of his Jjobonr in the IVork of the Ministry, and 

• In the Diftncc of his Labour in lite fVork of the Minit- 
Inj. MS. 

» [Sec Heiirne'8 £ift(?r Niger Scaccarii, vol. ii, pag. .576, 
for Wood's niemoraiMl\im on this s«l)jeoi. j 



[429] 



221 



BUNNEY. 



222 



[430] 



dispersed several copies of it abroad among his 
friends and acquaintance. Tiie truth is, lie was the 
most fluid preaclier in the reign of iiu. lilizabetl), 
for he seldom or never stud ien for wliat lie was to 
deliver, but would preach and pray extempore, 
us our beloved saints did in the time ot th(; 
rebellion under K. Ch, I. and after; insomuch 
that many were pleased to say he was troubled 
with the divinitif squirt. 1 have heard some of 
our antients, who remember him, report, that he 
was a severe Calvinist, and that bv the liberty 
he took, he did a great deal of harm by his preach- 
ing in corporation-towns, as many then did, and 
some gentlemen also, with licenses obtained from 
the queen, under pretence of a scarcity of divines. 
He hath written. 

The Summ of Chrislia7i Religion, in two parts. 
The first iiUreateth of the Trinity, and the second 
of the Commandments. Lond. 1576. oct. 

Abridgment of Joh. Calvin's Institutions. Lond. 
1580. oct. Translated into Engl, by Edw. May.' 

Sceptre of Judah, or what Manner of Govern- 
ment it was, that, unto the Commonwealth or 
Chunh of Israel, was by the Law of God appoint- 
ed. Lond. 1584. oct. 

Of the Coronation of K. David, wherein out 
of Part of the Histortj of David, that sheweth how 
he came to the Kingdom, we have set out what is 
like to be the End of thfse Troubles that daily 
arise for the Gospers Sake. Lond. 1588. qu. 

Necessary Admonition out of the Prophet Joel, 
concerning that Hand of God that of late was 
upon us, and is not clean taken off as yet, &c. 
Lond. 1588. oct. The reader is to unclerstand 
that Rob. Persons a Jesuit did put out a book 
entit. Christian E.rercise appertaining to Resolu- 
tion, 2tc. in two parts. The first of wliich coming 
forth before the other, our author liunney did 
correct, alter, and made it tit for the use of 
Protestants, adding thereunto of his own compo- 
sition, 

A Treatise of Purification. Lond. 1584. in 
oct. [again in 1585, 1586, 1594, and at Oxford in 
1585, 24mo. The second part was printed sepa- 
rately in 1594, and 1598.] But the Jesuit in the 
next edit, of the said Resolution, did much com- 

f)lain of our author for assuming to himself the 
abours of another person, and of spoiling his 
work and the impression thereof. Whereupon 
our author put out another book entit. 

A brief Answer unto those idle and frivolous 
Quarrels of R. P. against the late Edition of the 
Rtsolution. Lond. 1589- oct. ^ He hath also 
written, 

' [He wrote Epigrams divine and morall. Lond. l633, 
12mo. Rawmx-ox.] 

' fThouias tjubbiii had license in 1587. to print A 
Irief .'Insivere vnio t/ins" yd/e and Jryuolous Quarrcls'oJ' R. 
P. against Ihe lute Edition f >hc Kesoliition by Ed- liuny. 
ff-^herecnto are pnji.ied the liooke of tieso/ution, and the 
Treti/ce i>J Pacific ac'ou perused and noted i?i the in' gent ou'all 
the Places as are mistiked of' H. f. thewing in what Section 



Of Divorce for Adultenf, and Marrying again, 
that there is no sufficient it^arranl so to do. Oxon. 
I6l0. qu. [Bodl. 4to. B. 48. Th.] At the end 
of whicii is a note to shew, that ' Rob. Persons 
was niiiiiy years since answered.' 

The corner Stone : Or, a Form of teaching Jesus 
Christ out of the Scriptures. Lond. l6ll. fol.' 
[Bodl. B. 19. 2. Th.] 

A Defence of his jMbour in the Work of the 
Ministry. — MS. written 20 Jan. 1602. He a]«o 
translated, as some say, into the English tongue, 
or as others, perverted it, that excelTenl book of 
Joh. Gerson, or rather ot- The. de Kempis, entit. 
Of the Imitation of Christ ; but whether true I 
know not, for I have not yet seen such a thing. 
He ended his days at Cawood in Yorkshire 26 
Febr. in sixteen hundred and seventeen, and was i6l7-i( 
buried in the South isle joyning to the ciioir of 
York cathedral. Over his grave is a fair monu- 
ment in the wall, with his ettigies carved from 
stone, and this inscription by it, ' Edmundus 
Bunnaius ex nobili Bunnseorum familia oriuiidus, 
S. Th. Bac. coll. Mertonensis in Oxon. olim 
Socius, Parochiae de Bolton- Percy Pastor, Eccle- 
siarum' B. Pauh Londin. B. Petri Ebor. 8c B. 
Mariae Carleol. Praebendarius dignissimus; con- 
cionator frequentiss. vicatim 8t oppidatim preedi- 
cando multos annos consumpsit, cum ob amorem 
Christi haereditatem paternam fratri Richardo 
junior! reUquisset. Obiit die mensis Febr. 26. an. 
I6l7. 

Hsec senis Edmimdi Bunney est quem cernis 
imago, 
A quo Bunnaei villula nomen habet. 

Clarus erat tanti, tumuit neque sanguinis sestu, 
Haeres patris crat, profuit esse nihil. 

Denotat aetatem gravitas, resolutio mentem, 
Zclum scripta, aciem pulpita, facta fidem. 

Vasa sacro librosque dealt post funera templo, 
Et bona paupenbus, caetera seque Deo.' 

[1564, 30 Mar. Edm. Bunney A.M. coll. ad 
preb. de Oxgate per mortem Jon. Braban. Reg- 
Grindall Ep. Lond. 

1618, 6 Jun. Will. Paske S. T. P. coll. ad 

Sreb. de Oxegate per mortem Edm. Bunney. lb. 
lENNET. 

Add to his works : 

Certaine Prayers and Godly Exercises for the 
xrii of November wherein tee solemnize the blessed 
Reign of our gracious Sorereigne Lady Elizabeth, 
by the Grace and Providence of God. — Imprinted 
liy the Queen's Printer, 1585. With a dedication 
to the archb. of Cant, bv Edmund Bunney, dated 
York 27 Sept. 1585. Ken net. This book, as I 
take it, gave birth to the accession form. Peck. 

We claim the two Bunnys,< as Yorkshire men, 
though Wood says, they were born at the Vache 



of this Answere following tnose Places are handled. 
Herbert, '/yp. Aiilig Ubi ] 

3 Preb. of Oxgate in the church of St. Paul. 

♦ [See Francis Bunny coll. 200.] 



dec 



223 



BUNNEY. 



ABBOT. 



224 



in Buckinghamshire. From what he says of the 
origin of the family, I conclude he had read the 
very laboured epitaph on the father and maternal 
grandfather of the two authors in the church of 
Nornianton near Wakefield (too long to be trans- 
cribed here) which was doubtless composed either 
by Edmund or Francis Bunny. 

Richard Bunny, their father, was much em- 
ployed in j>ublic services in the North, during 
the reigns of Henry Vlll. and Edward Vf. 
During his absence, his wife might reside with 
her own family at the Vache. Hence, that 
place boasts the birth of these two excellent 
men. 

There has fallen into my hands a very curious 
volume which once belonged to Richard Bunny 
the father, and contains accompts of his treasu- 
rership at Berwick, and various miscellaneous 
matters relating to his public engagements. Like 
his son, he was a zealous Protestant, and a suf- 
ferer in queen Manx's reign. One of these papers 
is A Copt/e of my Letter to my Lord and Maistre, 
Earle oj Lacestre, beginning thus — ' My singler 
good lorde. Would to God it might pleas yo' 
bono" nowe that the M^ of requests, M'. Wilson 
is expectinge to haue audience of her ma"", that 
ye would put hym in mynde of me, olde Bunny, 
that have had souche losses as I have hadd, and 
never yet in all her ma"" reigne dyd once craue 
anythinge, but raither soulde my livinge to con- 
tynewe me in her ma"'' s'vice, and have bene a 
suiter synce before Easter (savinge the progres- 
sion tyme) and I doubt not of some good and 
spedie ende if her ma"' might understand my 
staite, and howe I served her ma''" father in good 
credit a longe tyme before his death: and likewise 
kinge Edward all his tyme: and what 1 had 
wonne therby was all taken from me by qwene 
Marie, my selfe caste in prison, my lands extended, 
and three howses spoyled, and my goods soulde 
for nought (under pretence of an accompte ;) and 
yet after my accompts taken, and when she had 
undone me, I was tounde in a surplusage,' &c. 
Dated 14 Dec. 1573. 

This is followed in the MS. by a memorial 
dated 10 June 1574, in which he sets forth his 
services, referring the queen to whom it is ad- 
dressed, to several honourable persons, who had 
known him. In this he says, that he was the first 
person who ventured to proclaim the two Nor- 
thern earls traitors. Among other things he says, 
concerning his children, ' Item, What service 
twoo of his sonnes, being preachers, doo in the 
cuntrie, where their name ys well knowne and 
beloved (thone of them being his eldest sonne) 
he referreth to the report of others, and the thirde 
serveth your highness as feodary of the honor of 
Pontefract.' 

In this memorial he pleads very earnestly, and 
not without success, for on the l6th of June, the 
fjueen's privy seal was issued for a lease, in rever- 



sion, for the term of 31 years, without fine, of 
so many manors &c. as shall amount to the clear 
yearly value of 26/. This lease he sold, which 
* sett him a cleare man.' 

He lived till 1584. Richard Bunny, his second 
son and heir, resided at Newland, where the 
family continued till near the end of the seven- 
teenth century, when, being very much reduced, 
this estate of their forefathers was passed into the 
hands of strangers. Newland is now the seat of 
sir Edward Smith, bart. 

See in Drake's Eboracum an inscription for 
a daughter of Francis Bunny. Hunteh.] 

ROBERT ABBOT,s the eldest son of Mau- 
rice Abbot, sherman,* (who died 25 Sept. iGoG.) 
by Alice March his wife, was born at Guiklforel 
in Surrey, in an house now an ale-house, bearing 
the sign of the three mariners, by the river's side 
near to the bridge, on the North side of the street, 
in St. Nicholas's parish ; educated in the free 
school there, (founded by K. Ed. 6. 1551.) under 
Mr. Franc. Tayler schoolmaster thereof, became 
a student in Baliol coll. 1575, aged 15 years, 
elected socius sacerdotalis of that house 16 Jan. 
1581, took the degree of M. A. in the year fol- 
lowing, became a noted preacher in the univer- 
sity, and a constant lecturer at St. Martin's 
church in the quadrivium, and sometimes at 
Abington in Berks. Afterwards being made lec- 
turer in the city of Worcester and rector of All- 
saints church there, he resigned his fellowship 
8 March 1588, and not long after became rector 
of Bingham in Nottinghamshire b}' the favour 
of Joh. Stanhope esquire, and afterwards took the 
degrees in divmity, thiit of doctor being com- 
pleated in 1597. In the beginning of the reign 
of K.James I. he was made chaplain in ordinary 
to him, in the year 1609 he was unanimously 
elected master of Baliol coll. and in the begin- 
ning of Nov. 1610 he was made prebendary of 
Normanton in the church of Southwell. In I6l2, 
he was appointed doctor of the theological chair, 
usually called the king's professor of divinity, 
by his majesty; and in i6l5, he was nominated 
by him to be bishop of Salisbury, meerly, as 'tis 
said, for his incomparable lectures read in ihe 
divinity school concerning the king's supream 
power, against Bellarmine and Suarez, and for 
Iiis Afitilogia which he a little before had pub- 
lished. So that being consecrated thereunto on 
the third of Dec. the same year, sate there till 
the tin»e of his death, which was soon after. He 
was a person of unblameable life and conversa- 
tion, a profound divine, most admirably well read 
in the fathers, councils and schoolmen, and a more 



' [In the old register of St. Thom.is Apostles, Loncl. there 
is this entry under the year 1541, Jnly, ' Robert Abolte, the 
son of John Abotte, was christend the xxiii daye of Julye.* 
Kennet.] 

* [Or clothier. Lovedat.] 



225 



ABBOT. 



226 



moderate Calvinian flian either of his two prede- 
[431] censors (Holland and Humphrey) in tiie Divinity- 
chair were; vliich he expressed hy eountcnaneing 
the Sid)lapsari;iu way of Predestination. His 
works are, 

The Mirror of Popish Sul/ti/lies ; discovering 
rrrtain wretched and miserable Evasions and Shifts, 
which a secret cavilling Papist in the Behalf of 
one Paul Spence, Priest, t/cf living, and lateli/ Pri- 
soner in the Castle of Worcester, hath gathered out 
of Sautiders and liellarmine, Sfc. concerning the 
Sacraments, &.e. ' Lond. 1594. qu. [Bodl. 4to. S. 
46. Th.] 

The Exaltation of the Kingdom and Priesthood 
of Christ. Sermons' on Psalm 1 10, from tlie 1 to 
the 7 ver. Lond. 1601. qu. [Bodl. 4to. K. 1 
Th.] 

Anlichristi Demonstratio, contra Fabulas Pon- 
ti/icias, &; ineptam Hob. liellurntini de Antichristo 
Disputationem. Lond. l603. qu. [Bodl. A. 18. 8. 
Line.] 1608 oet. [Bodl. 8vo. A. 73. Line.] 

Defence of the Reformed Catholic of Mr. Will. 
Perkins latcttj deceased, against the bastard Coun- 
ter-Catholic of Dr. Bish(ij) Seminary Priest. The 
first part, Lond. 1606. qu. The second part was 
printed at the same place, 1607. qn. and tlie third 
part, 1609. (111. 

The old Way: Serin, at S. Mary's Oxon, on 
Act-Sunday 8 Julv 161O. on .Icrcm. 6. 16. Lond. 
1610. qu. [Bodl. 4to. A. 54. Th.] 

The true aniient Rom. Catholic, being an Apo- 
logy against Dr. Bishop's Reproof of the Defence 
of the Reformed Catholic. Lond. idll. qu. [Bodl. 

' [In his dedication to archbishop Whiigift (who had 
recommended him to the place wherein lie was, Worcester,) 
and to Fletcher the then bishop of tliat diocese (who h.id 
yielded him special ])alronage and countenance) he shewed 
the occ.ision of his writing, which was sonic private discourse 
betwixt him and a Romish priest, one Paul S|)ence, detained 
then in the castle of Worcester, but now living at his liberty 
abroad. Which, when by speech and report it was drawn 
to occasion of publicli scandal, the adversary bragging in 
secret of a victory, and others doubting what to think thereof, 
because they saw nought to the contrary, he judged it neces- 
sary, after long debating and deliberating witli himself, 10 let 
all men see how little reason there was of any such insolent 
triumph ; supposing it might be returned u|K)n him lor a 
matter of reproof and blame, if his concealing thereof should 
caiuse any disadvantage to the truth, or discredit to that 
ministry or service that he exercised mider their lordships, 
in the place where he was. .And this his doing, he professed 
was oijy for the city of Worcisler, and oilier [leople there- 
abouts, for their satisfaction in this cause, wherein he knew 
many of them desired to be satisfied. 'I'his was Mr. Abbot's 
first-fruits, being a young man, not much upwards, then, 
of thirty years olitl. Strj'pe, LiJ'r of fVldtgift, page 42().] 

* [Savage, in hh BallioJ'cigiis, 1()0'8, p. 113, says, 'He 
wrote all his sermons in Latin only, and preached them out 
of the Lalin copy : they were begun to be translated into 
English by a fellow of this colledge, (.Mr. Chapman a worthy 
person) but he receiving small encouragement from whence 
lie expected much, went not through with the work.' The 
former part of this information is evidently incorrect, for 
these Sermons, as well as one mentioned presently, were both 
preached and published in English, by the author himself] 

Vol. n. 



4to. A. 79. Th.] See more in Will. Bishop, an. 
1624. 

Antilogia advertnt Apologiam Andrete Euda- 
mon-Johannis Jesuitte pro Jtenrico Garnetto Jt' 
suitd proditorc ; qua mendacissime, 8ic. Lond. 
161.). qu. [Bodl. NN. 10. Th.] 

Exercitationes de Gratia Sf Freseverantiii Sanc- 
torum, &c. Lond. IGIB. qu. [Bodl. A. 10. 15. 
Line.] 

In Richardi Thomsoni Angli- Be/gici Diatribam, 
de Amusione 6i Intercessione Justifcationis if Gra- 
tia-, Animadversio brevis. [Bodl. A. 10. 15. Line.} 
The former of which two, viz. Eierc. de Gratia, 
&c. was printed at Francfort 1619- under thii 
title, Exercitationes Academics de Gratia Sf Per- 
severantid Sanctorum, itemqne de Interceuione 
Justijicationis. in oet. As for Rich. Thomson 
you may sec more of him in the Fasti, an. 
1596. 

Dc supremd Proteslate regia, Exercitationes ha- 
bit(C in Acad. Oxon. contra Rob. Bellarminum t( 
Plane. Suarez. Lond. 1619- qu. [Bodl. A. 10. 
15. Line.] He also wrote a most accurate com- 
mentary (in Latin) upon the epistle to the Romans, 
with large sennons upon every verse, in which 
he handled, as his text gave him occasion, all 
the controverted points of religion at this day. » 
This commentarj-, which is in 4 volumes in MS. 
was given to Bodlcy's library by Dr. Edw. Corbet 
rector of Ha.selcy in Oxfordshire, who married 
Margaret, the daughter of sir Nath. Brent knight, 
by his wife Martha the only daughter and heir 
of the said Dr. Rob. Abbot. Other matters also 
he left behind him fit for the press, but whether 
they were all printed I know not. At length 
through a too sedentary life, which brought him 
to the terrible disease of the stone in the kidneys, 
he gave way to fate on the second of March in 
sixteen hundred and seventeen, ajid was buried 
in the eath. church of Salisbur}', over against the 
bishop's seat, having in less than two years before 
married a second wife, for which he gained the 
great displeasure of his brother. Dr. Geo. Abbot, 
aiehb. of Canterbury. I find another Rob. Ab- 
bot, who was a frequent writer, but after the 
former in time. He was originally of Cambridge, 
and afterwards a minister of God's word, first 
in Kent, then in Hampshire, and at length in 

' [Pralectiones Sacrtr in F.pistolam B. Pncli ad Rotnanot. 
In ouibvs, prater vrriim el acntratoT Apmloti I'rrlorum lix- 
posiiionem, omties ridei Articuli ad f'^tam etternan tiecrstaria 
pertinentes perspicue declarantiir el Iractantr. Et Advfrsa- 
riorum omnium praterlim Puntijiciornm Fraudes ei y equilia, 
quihus perverlunt I'idem, examinantur, delrgunlur el rrfit- 
tanlur. Per vere referendum in Chro Palrrm ac Dominum 
Do. liohertvm Ailolt nuper Sarisbvrice Episcopur». Et 
tandem cum Indicibus, lam Reriim, qiiam I.ocnrum, tocuple- 
tissimis, in t'sum T/ieologorum editce el publicala, Jvssv reve- 
rendissiiiii in Christo Palris ac Domini Dom. Georgii Abboll 
Cantiiaricnsis Archiepiscopi totius Anelia Primal, el Metrop. 
&c. Studio et Labore Guilielmi Walkeri, Aulhori AmanueW' 
sis. MSS. Bodl. E Museo \0. II. 12 and 13.] 



16J7-18. 



227 



BASTARD. 



228 



[432] 



London, as I shall more at large tell you in the reader, that noted poet sir Joh. Harrington of 
Fasti I607. " Under the name of Rob. Abbot Kelston made one' or more epigrams, dedicated 
'■ was printed, A Hand of Fellowship to keep out to the author of them. 

"Sin and Antichrist, in certain Sermons. Lond. Poeimi,entit. Magna Brjianiiia. Lit), n. Lond. 

I6O0. qu. [Bodl. 4to. M. a. Art. BS.] Dedicated 
1." 
)>ermons. Lond. I6l5. cju. Tlie three first 



" l(i23. qu." ^ , ,, ,- 

[Robert Abbot D. D. was nominated one of the to K. Jam 
fellows of Chelsey coll. in the king's charter of Fhe Se, 
foundation, May 8. 1610. Kennet. 

The best portrait of Abbot is that in 4to. en- 
graved by Francis Delaram, with some verses 
beneath, and ' are to be sould by J. Sudbury and 
J. Humble.'] 

THOMAS BASTARD, a most ingenious and 
facetious person of his time, was born at a market 
town in Dorsetshire called Biandford, educated in 



on Luke 1 . 76. are called, The Marigold and the 
Sun. The two last on Luke 7. 37, '38. are entit. 
The Sinner's Looking-Glann. 

Twelve Sermons. Lond. 16 15. qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
B. 72. Th.] The first on Ephes. 4. 26. is entit. 
A Christian Exhortation lo innocent Anger. The 
second on Exod. 3. 1,2, 3, 4, 3, is, The Calling of 
Moses, &c. This poet and preacher being to- 
wards his latter end crazed, and tliereupon brought 



Wykeham's school, admitted perpetual fellow of Jnto debt, was at length committed to the prison 
New coll. in 1588, and two years after bach, of Jn AUhallows parish in Dorchester, where dying 
arts. But this person being much guilty of the very obscurely, and in a mean condition, was 
vices belonging to poets, and given to libelling, buried in the church-yard belonging to that pa- 
he was in a manner forced to leave his fellowship, rish, on 19 Apr. in sixteen hundred and eighteen, 
1591. So that for the present being put to his leaving behind him many memorials of his wit 

and drollery. In my collection of libels or lam 



shifts, he was not long after made chaplain to 

Thomas earl of Suffolk, lord treasurer of England, 

by whose favour and endeavours he became vicar 

of Beer-Regis, and rector of Amour or Hamer 

in his native country, being then M. of A. He 

was a person endowed with many rare gifts, was 

an excellent Grecian, Latinist, and poet, and in his 

elder years a quaint preacher. His discourses 

were always pleasant and facetc, which made his 

company desired by all ingenious men. He was 

a most excellent epigrammatist, and being always 

ready to versify upon any subject, did let nothing beginning thus 

material escape his fancy, as his compositions 

running through several hands in MS. shew. 

One of which, made upon his three wives, runs 

thus, 

Terna mihi variis ducta est setatibus uxor, 
Hebc juveni, ilia viro, tertia nupta seni. 

Prima est propter opus teneris mihi juncta sub 
annis. 
Altera propter opes, tertia propter opem. ' 

The things that he hath written and published 
are many, but all that I have seen are only 
these. 

Epigrams. * — Which being very pleasant to the 



poons, made by divers Oxford students in the 
reign of Q. Elizabeth, I meet with two made by 
this author. One of which is entit. An Admoni- 
tion to the City of Oxford : Or his Lihel entit. 
Marprelate's Basterdine. Wherein he reflects 
upon all persons of note in Oxon that were guilty 
of amorous exploits, or that mixed themselves 
with other men's wives, or with wanton huswives 
in Oxon. Another also, was made after his ex- 
pulsion, wherein he disclaimeth the aforesaid libel, 
' Jenkin why man.'' WhyJenkin.'' 



■ [This is ascribed by some foreigners to Stephen Pasquier, 
who made it on Beza, with a little alteration. 

• Theodore de Beze fut tout de bon triumvir, c'est i diu, 
qu'il fut Marie trois fois : il mount a Geneve I'an l605. 
Voici les quatre vers qu' Etienne Pasquier fit sur ce sujet. 
Uxores ego trcs vario sum tempore nactus. 

Cum juvenis, turn vir factus, et inde senex. 
Propter opus prima est validis mihi juncta sub annis. 
Altera propter opes, tertia propter opem.* 

Faliniana, p. 49. VVhalley.] 

' \_Clirestoloros ; Seven Bookes of Epigrammes writlcn ly 
T. B. Lond. I698, ISmo. 184 pp. A prose dedication, 
• to the right honourable sir Cha. Blunt, Knt. lord Mountjoy,' 
concludes with an epigram signed Thomas Bastard. Seven 



of his epigrams are addressed to the same person, who appears 
to have been his patron. Several are also inscribed to O. 
Elizabeth, and the earl of Essex. Many of tliem contain 
much shrewd satire, and fully serve to justify Wood's com- 
mendation of their author's ingenuity. He frequently speaks 
of his own poverty, and thus of his situation in lib. i. epig. 2. 
After mentioning those belter days, when ihe furor poeticus 
predominated, he adds, 

' But nowe left nnked of prosperitie, 
And subject unto bitter injurie, 
So poore offense, so bare of wit I am, 
Not neede herself can drive an epigram.' 

In lib. viii, ep. 23, he mentions a place called Nulam as his 
residence. Park.] 

3 In his Witty Epigrams, in 4 harks. Lond. 16I8. lib. 2. 
epig. 64. [See this reprinted by Brydges, Ceusura Literaria, 
vol. ii, page 13.] See also epig. 84. in lib. 2. 

[To mastrr Bastard, taxing him of flattery. 
It was a s lying vs'd a great while since, 
The subiects euer imitate the prince, 
A vertuous muster makes a good disciple. 
Religious prelates breede a godly people : 
And euermore the ruler's inclination 
Workes in the time the workes and alteration. 
Then what's the reason. Bastard, why thy rimes 
Magiiifie magistrates, yet taunt the times? 

I thinkc that he, to taunt the time that spares not. 
Would touch the magistrate, saue that he dares not.] 
♦ [A MS. copy of this poem MS. Reg. in Muf. Brit. 12 
A xxxvi] 



16I8. 



2ii9 



DOVE. 



KEYMIS. 



230 



[433] 



I 



fie for shame,' &,c. But tlie reader uiust know 
that none of tliesc were printed. 

[Alter inueh fruitless seareh, I nin rehictaiitly 
conij)olled to give tip all hopes of (inding the 
voliinie of Oxford Libells referre<l to, in the text, 
which certainly should be among Wood's iVlSS. in 
the Asinnolc museum. I must, therefore, content 
my readers with one epigram from Bastard's print- 
ed collection. 

Ad T/iomam Stranmaies. 
Strangwaies, leave London and lier sweet contents. 

Or bring them down to me, and make me glad, 
And give one month to country-merriments; 

Give me a few days for the years I had. 
The poet's songs and sjjoris we will read over, 

V\ hieh in their golden cpiire they have resounded, 
And spill our rea(rings one upon another. 

And read ours])illmgs, sweetly so confounded. 
Tsulam sliall lend us ligiit in midst of day. 

When to the even valley we repair; 
\Vhen we deliglit ourselves with talk or play. 

Sweet, with the infant grass and virgin air: 
These in the heat, but in the even, later, 

\\ e'li walk the meads, and read trouts in the 
water.] 

JOHN DOVE, a Surrey man, born of ple- 
beian jiarents, was elected from Westmhister 
school a student of Ch. Ch. an. 1680, aged 18, 
and after he had taken the degrees in arts became 
a preacher of note in the university. In 159t) 
he proceeded in divinity, being at that time well 
beneficed, if not dignified, but where I cannot yet 
tell. His works are, 

A Perszcasion to the English Recusants to re- 
concile themselves to the Church of Rome. Lond. 
lOO.-J. qu. 

Confutation of J theism. Lond. 1 605. and 1640. 
Oct. [Bodl. 8vo. T. 48. Th.] 

Defence of Church-Government, tcherein the 
Church-Government iti Emrland is proved direct 1 1/ 
consonant to the Word of Got/, &c. Lond. l607. ' 

Defence of the Cross in Bap/ ism, as 'tis used in 
the Church of England. J'rinted with the De- 
fence. 

jidvertisement to the English Seminaries and 
Jesuits, shercing their loose kind of t^' ritings, and 
negligent handling the Cause of Religion, &c. 
Lond. I6l0. qu. 

The Conversion of Salomon. A Direction to 
holiness of Life, handled by wai/ of Commentary 
upon the tthule Book of Canticles, ik.c. Lond. 
1613. qu. [Bodl. KK. 42. Jur.] 

Sermons. On Ezek. 33. 11. and S. Matth. 19- 
9. Lond. l,-:i97. KiOl.oct. &c. See more in Alb. 
Gentilis, an. l6l 1, where you will find him author 
of another book, but whether printed I know not. 
He concluded his last day in Apr. (about the 19th 

' [Among Sclden's books in the Bodltian, (4to. C. 32. 
Theol.) is a copy dated in lOof), wliicli is the inore rt-mark- 
abie, as, upon collation, it was undoubtedly printed witli the 
idi-ntical types (the litjurc excupitd) of lli.it hf iCo; .] 



day) in .sixteen iiundrcd and eighteen, but where 
buried 1 know not as yet. I find one John Dove 
to be author of Poludorion, or a Miscellany of 
Moral, Philotophical, and Theological Senteiuei. 
Printed I6.il, uct. iiut whether he wan the Miinc 
with the dotrlur, or another, 1 cannot tell, unleM 
I see the book itself, which I have not yet done. 

[Joli. Dove S.T. I*, adiniss. ad cccl. B. Marur, 
Aldermary, \m\\A. 5 Nov. 1596, e.x coll. arch. 
Cant, (uiu; vacavit, per mortem ipsius, ante 2£. 
Apr. 1618. Reg. If' hitgift.et Abbot. Kennet. 

Jo. Dove left his student's place (at Chriit 
church) for tlie rectory of Titlworth in V\'ilt» 
1596, June 2a. He was presented to it by lord 
ehan. Egertoii. Tanneu. Add to iiis works, 

1. John Doue his Sermon at Paulei Crotie, on 
the 1 John 2. vers. 18. Lond. I.';94, 8vo.* 

2. ()/' Divorcement, a Sermon, preached at 
Panics Crosse, Ihe 10 of May 1601, Lond. l60», 
12mo. On St. Matth. xi.x, 9- Rawlinson. 

3. A Sermon preached at Paules Crosse the third 
ofNoveml/. 1594, intreating of the second Comming 
ot' Christ, and the Disclosing of Antichrist, with a 
Confutation of divers Conjecture* concerninge the 
End of the IVorlde. Imprinted by Peter Short, 

for II illiam Jaggurd, 12mo. Ep. ded. * to mais- 
ter Fraunces Gorges — your's, in the Lord, Jolm 
Dove.' Kennet.] 

" LAWRENCE KEYMIS was bom of suffi- 
" cieiit (and, I think, genteel) parents, in Wiltsh. 
" became a student m Bal. coll. in 1579, aged 
" sixteen or thereabouts, was elected probationer 
" fellow tiiereof at three years standing, took the 
" degrees in arts, that of master being compleated 
" in 1586, at which time he was well read in 
" geography and mathematics. In 1591 he re- 
" sign'd his fellowship, became acquainted with 
" several uiatliematicians of liis time, particularly 
" with Th. Hariot the universal pliilosopher : 
" who introducing him into the acquaintance of 
" the heroic knight, sir Walt. Raleign, he in little 
" time had so great an estimation for him, that he 
" took him close into his acqiiaintatice, and bc- 
" came companion to him in his travels, and eoun- 
" sellor in his designs. On the 26 Jan. 1595,' 
" he began his voyage to Guiana in America, 
" which being porform'd with good success, he 
" wrote an account of it, entit. 

" A Relation of the second Voyage to Guiana 
" Lond. 15<J6, qu. [Bodl. 4to. L. 80. Art.] aftcr- 
" wards remitted into the third vol. of The Voy- 
" ages. Navigations, 'Irajficks, Sac. of Rich. Hak- 
" luyt, printed at Lond! in 1600, p. 666, ()67, &c. 
" arid mostly turn'd into Latin by Gotard Artus 
" of Dantzick, and printed at Francfort 1599, fol. 
" &c. Whellicr Keymis wrote of the first voyage 
«' taketi to that place, I cannot tell ; for I have 

* [Maunscll's Catalogue, page C)9.\ 

' [.Vniong the Harlcian JMSS. N" 39- fol. 341, ie «n 
Agrermiiit betweenSirH'alteT Jlaleigh and the Lor<U,/or tht 
Journey of Guiana. Dated l6ll.] 
Q 2 



I0IS. 



231 



KEYMIS. 



MOKET. 



232 



1618. 



[434] 



" not yet seen such a thing. In l6l7 he the said 
" Keymis being then esteemed a prudent and 
" most valiant captain, shewed ' sir Waiter Ra- 
" ieigh, then a pnsoner in the Tower of Lond. a 
" piece of ore of a golden complexion, assuring 
" him he could bring him to a mme in Guiana of 
" the same metal. Sir Walter soon after obtain- 
" ing his freedom, he went with Keymis, divers 
" persons of quality, and many others of the ple- 
" beian sort ; and being, not without much dan- 
" ger, arrived at the expected place, at which 
" time many men being very sick and weak with 
" the voyage, as sir Walter was, (who could not 
" go without being carried in a chair) he there- 
" tore commanded Keymis to go up into the coun- 
" try with a party to discover the golden mine : 
" whereupon he went, and took a town called S. 
" Thome, possess'd by the Spaniard ; in which 
" enterprize capt. Walter Raleigh, son of sir 
" Walter, lost nis life ; and being successless in 
" his progress after that, sir Walter, upon his re- 
" turn, was perplexed to the vcr^' soul, telling 
" Keymis he had undone him, and wounded his 
" credit with the king past recovery; but he must 
" think (he told him) to have the weight of the 
" king's anger as well as himself, for he must 
" avow that Keymis knew the mine, and that with 
" little loss he might have possess'd it. Keymis, 
" much troubled in his mind, retires to his cabin, 
" which he had in sir Walter's ship, and presently 
" after his being there, he shot himself 9 with a 
" pistol : sir Walter hearing the noise, ask'd what 
" pistol it was ? Answer was made, that captain 
" Keymis shot it off in his cabin to cleanse it; 
" but Keymis's man going into the cabin, found 
" his master lying in his own blood. The 
" pistol having a little bullet, did only crack 
" the rib, which being too slow for his fury, he 
" desperately thrust a knife in after it up to the 
" haft,andwithhimtheglory of thevoyage expired, 
" This was in the summer time in sixteen hun- 
" dred and eighteen. A certain ' author tells us, 
" that ' sir Walter being not capable of his advice 
" in one thing abroad, he chose (and an ill choice 
" it was) rather to become J'elo de se, than scrup- 
" ling in auroj^Ei^ia, to return home and become 
" a state-criminal. This fact of Keymis was like 
" that of Torquatus Silanus, who kill'd himself 
" upon a bare accusation. Tacit. Hist. lib. 15. 
" c. 8. of whom Nero said, that he should have 
" had life granted, if he would have expected the 
"judge's clemency. Here was the difference, 
" that the case of Torq. Sil. was better, but his 
" judge's worse, than that of Keymis." 

" See The Hist, of Great Britain : or. The Life and 
" Reien of K. Jam. I. Lond. l653. p. U2." 

» [He killed himself, and this aflair brought sir Walter 
Raleigh to an untimely end. Watts.] 

• " Batiofergus : or, Commentary upon the Foundation, 
" Founders and Affairs ofBal. Coll, &c. Written by Hen. 
"Savage, p. 114." 



RICHARD MOKET was born in Dorset- 
shire, in the dioc. of Salisbury, elected from 
Brazen-nose, to be fellow of All-souls coll. in 
1599, being then near four years standing in the 
degree of bach, of arts. Afterwards he proceed- 
ing in that faculty, took on him the sacred 
function, became domestic chaplain to George 
[Abbot] archb. of Canterbury, warden of All- 
souls, rector of Monks-Hisborow in Bucks, and of 
Newington near Dorchester in Oxfordshire, D. of 
D. and one of the king's commissioners concern- 
ing ecclesiastical affairs. He published in the 
Latin tongue, 

T/ie Liturgy of the Church of^ 
England. 

Greater and Lesser Catechisms. 

Thirty Nine Articles. I Lond. iGlG, 

Book of Ordination of Bishops, ( fol. 
Priests, and Deacons. 

Doctrinal Points extracted out of ] 
the Book of Homilies. 

To which he added his own book, written ia 
Latin, entitled, 

De Pol it id Ecclesite Anglicana.'^ Reprinted at 
Lond. 1683, oct. W^hich collection he published 
in a pious zeal for gaining honour to the church 
of England amongst foreign nations. But this 
his zeal was so little accompanied in the consti- 
tutions of the said church, or so much byassed 
towards those of Calvin's platform, that it was 
thought fit not only to call it in, but to expiate 
the errors of it in a public flame. And the true 
cause which was conceived why the book was 
burn'd, was, that in publishing the twentieth arti- 
cle concerning the authority of the church, he 
totally left out the first clause of it, viz. ' Habet 
ecclesia ritus &, caremonias statuendi jus, & in 
controversiis fidei authoritatem.' By means 
whereof the article was apparently falsified, the 
church's authority disowned, and consequently a 
wide gap ' opened to dispute her power in all ner 
canons and determinations of what sort soever. 
He yielded up his last breath, (with grief, as 'tis 
thought, for what had been done to his book) on the 
day before the nones of July, in sixteen hundred 
and eighteen, and was hurried at the upper end 
of All-souls coll. chappel, just below the steps 
leading to the high altar. In his wardenship 
succeeded Richard Astley, D. of D. who dying in 
Feb. 1635, was succeeded by Gilb. Sheldon, who 
was afterwards bishop of London, and at length 
archbishop of Canterbury. 

[1610, 29 Dec. Ricardus Mokat, S.T. P. coll. 
ad eccl. S. Clementis, Eastcheap, per mortem 
Petri Firmin. Peg. London. 

1611, 9 Dec. Job. Speight, S. T. P. collatus ad 

* [Ricardi Moket, S.T. D. Disciplitia el Politeia Ecclesia 
Anglicance, in capp. xi. MS. Lambeth, N" 1/8. See 
Todd's Catalogue nf the Arcliiepiscopal MSS. page 22.] 

' See in Archb. Laud's Life, by Pet. Jleyliu, hb. 1. 
an. 1617. 



16I8. 



^33 



SMITH. 



GOLDESBURG. 



234 



[435] 



eccl. Sancti Clementis, Eastcheap, per resign. 
Ric. Mocket, S. T. P. Ibid. 

Ric. Mocket coll. ab. Arch' Cant, ad eccl. S. 
Mich. Crooked lane, Lond. 1. Oct. l6l 1, quain 
resign, ante 17 June, 1614. Kennet.] 

" WILLIAM SMITH, a Cheshire man born,* 
" was educated for a time in this university, but 
" in what house, unless in Brazen-nose, whore 
" several of his sir-name and time studied, I can- 
" not tell. One Will. Smyth was admitted bach. 
" of arts, 8 Feb. 1560, another Will. Smith was 
" admitted to that degree 15 Oct. 1568, being the 
" same, as it seems, who was admitted master of 
" that facujty 17 May 1572. And another Will. 
" Smith was admitted bach. 10 of June 1572, but 
" whether either of these was the author whom I 
" am now speaking of, I cannot tell. After he had 
" left the university, he retired to his patrimony, 
" and having a natural geny to heraldry and an- 
" tiquities, drew up a brief and little book an. . 
" 1585, entit. 

" T/ie Vale Royal of England, or the County 
" Palatine of Cliester, containing a Geographical 
" Description of the said County and Shire, with 
" other Things thereunto appertaining. — The ori- 
" ginal manuscript of this book was sometimes in 
" the Cottonian library, whence being taken out 
" by sir Tho. Cotton, the owner thereof, and be- 
" stowed on a certain person, came afterwards 
" into the hands of Elias Ashmolc, esq; who giv- 
" ing it, among other MSS. to the musaeum in 
" Oxon, it remains there to this day as a rarity, 
"numb. 76.'). It begins with a catalogue of the 
" kings of Mercia, and afterwards follows the 
" description it self, beginning thus, ' This county 
" Palatine of Chester,' &c. It ends with an alpha- 
" betical catalogue of the arms of the gentry of 
" Cheshire, among which are the arms of this 
" Will. Smith the author, of Oldough, viz. parted 
" per pale or, and gules, three Flower de Luces 
" counterchanged of the Field (quartering those 
" of Oldough of Oldough) with a crcssant for a 
" difference, to distinguish that family from the 
" eldest or first house living at Cuerdley in Lan- 
" cashire, where sir Tho. Smith about that time 
" lived. A copy of this book coming afterwards 
" into the hands of Daniel King of Cheshire, was 
" by him published in fol. at Lond. 1556, together 
" with another book on the same subject, entit. 
" also The Fate Royal of England, &c. pen'd by 
" Will. Webb, sometimes a clerk in the mayor's 
" court at Chester. [Bodl. Cough, Cheshire, 2.] 
" About the year 1597, our author W. Smith 

♦ [From the Smiths or the Smyths of Oldhough, in the 
parish of Warmincham, Cheshire, a numerous and respect- 
able family who deduced iheir line from the house of Cuerd- 
ley, and wore the same arms ; viz. party per pale, or and 
gules, three fleurs de lis counterchanged, with a crescent for 
distinction : crest, on a torce, a fleiu de lis, or and gules as 
the field. Chunon'i Founders of lirasen-nose College, 8vo. 
Oxford, 1800, pp. 2. 4] 



" became Rouge-Dragon, purxevant at arm*, and 

" dying on the first day of Octob. in sixteen hun> i6is 

" dred and eighteen, was, I presume, buried in 

" the church or church-yard of S. Benedict neaf 

" Paiir.s-Wharf in London, in which parish the 

" coll. of arms was then, as 'tis now, situated. 

" The learned Will. Cambden, sometimes K. of 

" arms, had a respect for him, and therefore there 

" is no doubt but that he was cmiacnt in liis pro- 

" fession in his time." 

[Wc may add to Smith's literary and heraldic 
labours : 1. The Image of IIeraldrye,»heainge divers 
serretl Matters, ana Secretles touching IJcraldrye, 
tcherein is described the true Path-uayc to ublaine 
that excellent Science ft for to be known and readde 
of all those zchiche are desirous to searche therein. 
\V'ritten An~o Domini 1586. Ms. Rawl. in bibl. 
Bodl. B. 120. This formerly belonged to Anstis, 
who has added the following note at die begin- 
ning : ' This was wrote by William Smith, Rouge 
Dragon, a very industrious officer in the college 
of arms. Temp. Eliz. Reg.' 

2. Genealogies of' the different Potentates of 
Europe, 1578.' MS. Rawl. B. 137. Formerfy 
Peter Le-N eve's.] 

JOHN GOLDESBURG, descended originally 
from those of his name,^ living at Goldesburg in 
Yorkshire, was born 18 Oct. 1568, spent some 
time among the Oxonians for fdrm-sake about 
1584, went thence to the Middle Temple, where 
after he had continued in the degree ot Barrester, 
and for some years been resorted to in matters 
relating* to his profession, was made one of the 
prothonotaries of the common pleas. He wrote 
and left behind him fit for the press. 

Reports, or. Collection of Cases and Matters 
agitated in all the Courts in Westminster, in the 
latter Years of the Reign of Q. Elizabeth, with 
learned Arguments at the liar, and on the Bench. 
Lond. 1653,* &c. qu. Published by Will. Shepp- 
hiird, esq; Upon which cases and matters sir 
Edm. Anderson and sir Jo. Popham, judges, 
wrote Resolutions and Judgments, Our author 
Goldesburg concluded his last day on the 9th of 
Oct. in sixteen hundred and eighteen. Where- Ifil*- 
upon his body was buried near to the high altar 
of the church belonging to the Temples. He left 
behind him other things, as 'tis said, fit for the 
press, but in whose hands they are, I could never 
learn. 

' [See a good pedigree of this famih', MS. Dodsworth, 
in bibl. Bodl. iii, fol. 82, b; and 83.] ' 

' \Heports of diverse choice Cases i« Law taken ty /Most 
late and must judicious Prothonotaries of the Common Pleat, 
Richard Brownlow and John GoUlesiorough, Ksifrs. with 
Directions how to proceed in many intricate Actions, loth 
reall and personall, shewing the Nature of those Actions and 
the Practise in them, &c. London 1051. (Bodl. 4lo. N._ 1. 
Jur.) with a head of Brownlow, by Cross, a:tat. Sti. \Vor- 
rall, in his Bii7io//it'ca /.cgum //ng/i<r, mentions editions in 
1632 and l6j4. but does not seem to have beard of that ia 
the Bodleian.] 



235 



RALEIGH. 



236 



WALTER RALEIGH, [orRALEGii,'] a per- 
son in his time of a good natural wit, better judg- 
ment, and of a plausible tongue, son of Walt. 
Raleigh, esq. by Katharine his wife, daughter of 
sir Pliilip Chanipernoon, kut. was born at a place 
called Hayes, in the parish of East-Budeleigh, in 
Devonshire, an. 1552. Which Hayes is a farm. 



yet sure I am, from an epistle, or copy of verses 
of his composition, which I have seen, that he 
was abiding in ihc said Temple, in Apr. 1576, at 
which time his vein for ditty and amorous ode 
was esteemed most lofty, condolent and pas- 
sionate.' As for the remaining part of his life, 
it was sometimes low, and sometimes in a middle 



[43G] 



and his father having had a remnant of a lease of condition, and often tossed by fortune to and fro, 
80 years in it, it came after the expiration thereof 
to one Duke: unto whom afterwards, our author 
W. Raleigh, having a desire to purchase it, wrote 
a letter dated from the court 16 July 1584, 
wherein he says, that for t\ie natural disposition 
lie has to that place, being born in that house, he 
had rather seat himself there, than any where 
else, &c.* His father was the first of his name 
that lived there, but his ancestors had possessed 
Furdell in the same county for several generations 
before, where they lived in ' genteel estate, and 
were esteemed anticnt gentlemen. In 1568, or 
thereabouts, he became a commoner of Oriel coll. 
at what time C. Chanipernoon, his kinsman, stu- 
died there, where his natural parts being strangely 
advanced by academical learning, under the care 
of an excellent tutor, became the ornament of the 
juniors, and was worthily esteemed a proficient 
m oratory and philosophy. After he had spent 
about three years in that house, where he had laid 
a good ground and sure foundation to build 
thereon, he left the university without a degree, 
and went to the Middle-Temple to improve him- 
self in the intricate knowledge of the municipal 
laws. ' How long he tarried there, 'tis uncertain. 



^ [As he himself spells it in the first leaf of a very fine 
missal formerly in his possession, now in the Bodleian library. 
Arch. Bodl. B. 88.] 

' [A Copic of S'. W. Ralegh's letter, sent to Mr. Duke in 
Devon. (Writ with his owne hand.) 
Mr. Duke, 

1 wrote to Mr. Ptidcaux to move vou for the pur- 
chase of Hayes, a farnie sometime in my father's possession. 
I will most willingly give whatsoever in your conscience you 
shall deeme it worth ; and if at any time you shall luive occa- 
sion to use me, you shall find me a thankcfull friend to you 
and yours. I am resolved, if I cannot entreat you, to build 



and seldom at rest. He was one that fortune liad 
pick'd up on purpose, of whom to make an ex- 
ample, or to use as her tennis-ball, thereby to 
shew what she could do; for she tost him up out 
of nothing, and to and fro to greatness, and from 
thence down to little more than to that wherein 
she found him, a bare gentleman, not that he was 
less, for he was well descended, and of good al- 
liance, but poor in his beginnings : as for the jest' 
of Edw. earl of Oxon. (the jack, and an upstart 
knight)-" all then knew it savoured more of emu- 
lation, and his humour, than of truth. France 
was the first school wherein he learn'd the rudi- 
ments of w'ar, and the Low-Countries and Ireland 
(the military academies of those times) made him 
master of that discipline : for in both places he 
expos'd himself aftenvards to land-service, but 
that in Ireland was a militia, which then did not 
yield him food and raiment, nor had he patience 
to stay there, tho' shortly after (in 1580) he went 
thither again, and was a captain there under Ar- 
thur, lord Grey, who succeeded sir Will. Pelhaiu 
in the deputy-ship of that kingdom. Afterwards 
gaining great credit, he was received into the 
court, became a person in favour, and had several 
boons bcstow'd on him aftenvards, particularly 
the castle of Shirebornc in Dorsetshire, taken 
from the sec of Salisbury. In the latter end of 
1584, he discovered a new country, which he, in 
honour of the queen, called Virginia, received 
the honour of knighthood from her, and was af- 
terwards made captain of her majesty's guards, 
seneschal of the dutchies of Cornwall and Exe- 
ter, lord warden of the Stannaries of Devon, and 
Cornwall, lord lieutenant of Cornwall, and go- 
vernor of Jersey. In 1588, he shew'd himself 



atColliton; but for the natural! disposition 1 liavc to that active against the invincible armada of the Spa- 
.t.hr^, h" '^T 7Ti had rather seate my selfe ^j^^,.^, * j ; j^go j^ j ^out that time a 

there than any where els. I take my leave, readie to coun- .. ' i • • i ,. 



any where els. i take my 
tervaile all vour courtesies to the utter of my power. Court 
yexxvi of July, ISS-i, 

Your very willing friend 

in all I shall he able, 

Walter Ilalegh. 
Aubrey's MSS. in the Ashmole museum. Lives, part i. 
fol. 47.J 

' See in Jo. Hooker's epistle dedicated to sir Walt. Raleigh, 
set before his translation of Girald. Cambrensis his yw.«/i 
History. Printed in the 2d vol. of Ralph. Hoiingshed's 
Chronicles — Lond. l.=)87. fol. 

' [Sir Walter, at his trial, in answer to the attorney gene- 
ral, uses this expression, • If ever 1 read a word of the law, 
or statute before I was prisoner in the Tower, God confound 
me.* This disproves Wood's assertion of his having studied 
the law, although it is still possible that he may have resided 
at the Temple as a private gentleman. Oldys, who carefully 
inspected the Registers of the Middle Temple, informs us. 



parliament man, wherein as in other parliaments 
in the latter end of Q. Eliz. he was a frequent 
sj)eaker, he went to America with fifteen men of 
war to possess himself of Panama, where the Spa- 
that no person entered as a student of the law in that, by the 
name of Walter Ralegh, or any name like it. See his Life 
prefixed to the Hist, of the IVorld, folio 1736, page xi.] 

* [This is taken from Pultenham's .4r< of Etigtish Piiesu. 
But in the original it is insolent, here changed to condotenl, 
for what reason 1 know not.] 

^ fragm. Rejiatia, &c. by sir R. Naunton, printed at 
Lond. in tw. 16.0O, p. 5?. 

* [When queen Klizabeth was playing on the virginals, 
lord (Oxford, remarking the motion of the keys, said, in co- 
ven allusion to.Raleigh's favour at court, and the execution 
of the earl of Essex, ' IVhen jacks sluit up, heads go (/off.'!.'] 



237 



RALEIGH. 



238 



niui'ils sliip tlicir riches, or to intercept them in 
their passage homewards, hut returned success- 
less, and was out ot' favour for a time, not oidy 
for that, but fordevirginating a maid of honour,' 
(Elizabeth, daughter of sir Nich. Throci»mortoii) 
wiioin he afterwards married, and for some few 
months being kept under custody, was at length 
set free, but banished the court. Afterwards to 
follow the directions of his own geny, that was 
always inclined to search out iiidden regions, and 
the secrets of nature, he undertook a navigation 
to Guiana that bears gold, in 1595, purposely for 
the improvement and honour of his country, both 
by getting store of wealth, and by molesting tiie 
Spaniard within the inward coasts of America, 
which he thought woidd be more profitable than 
on the sea coasts, where there are never any 
towns laden with any riches, but when they are 
conve^'ed thither to be carried over into Sj)ain. 
He set out from Plymouth '"on the Gth of Eebr. 
and arrived at the island Trinidada, 2'2 ±\larch. 
There he easily took a little city called S. Joseph, 
and the governor thereof Don Antonio de Bereo, 
but found not so much as a piece of silver there. 
Having enquired many things of this Antonio 
about the mines of gold in Guiana, he left his ship 
in Trinidada, and entred the vast river Oronocjue, 
with little barks, and some hundred soldiers. He 
searched up and down Guiana for the space of 
four miles among the crooked and short turnings 
of the water several ways : where, being parched 
with the reflecting beams of the sun, just over his 
liead, and too much wet sometimes with showers, 
and having long wrestled with such like difficul- 
ties, he yet continued so long, till that it growing 
wintry cold in Apr. the waters all over-spread the 
[4S7] earth ; insomuch that now he could pass away in 
no less danger of the waters, than he came thither 
in danger of his enemies. After his return he 
was constituted one of the ' chief persons in the 
expedition to Cadiz; where he performed not- 
able service, and obtained to himself at home a 
great name. In l603 he presented to K.James, 
at his entrance to the crow^n of England, a manu- 
script of his own writing, containing valid argu- 
ments against a peace to be made with Spain, 
which was then the common discourse. But the 
king being altogether for peace, 'twas rejected, 
and the same year, just after he had been de- 
j)rived of the captainship of the guard, (which K. 

5 [But in vain she did conjure him 
To depart her presence so, 
IIa\ing a thousiuid tongues t'allure him. 
And but one to bid him go. 
When lips invite. 
And eyes delight, 
And cheeks as fresh as rose in June, 
Persuade delay, 
What boots to say, 
' Forego me now, come to me soon !' 

Poems, by Brydgcs, IC'mo. p. 60.] 
* Cambden in Anna/. U. Eiisab. an. 15y5. 
' ViJe ibid. an. 1396. 



James bestowetl on sir Tho. Erskine, viscount 
Fenton iu Scotland) we find him in a plot against 
the king, generally called sir \\'alter Halt ij,!,', 
treason, for which being brought to his tr\al 
(with others) at Winchester in 1003, wa» at length 
found guiltv and condcmn'd to die. But being 
reprieved, he was committed prisoner to tlie 
Tower of London for life, where he improved his 
confinement to the greatest advantage of learn- 
ing and in(|uisiiive men. In Apr. 1014 he ' pub- 
lished the Histuri/ of the World, a. book, which 
for tlie exactness of its chronology, curiosity of 
its contexture, and learning of all sorts, seems to 
be the work of an age. In I6l7> power was 
granted to him to set forth ships and men for the 
undertaking an enterprize of a golden mine in 
(iuiaiia, in the Southern parts of America, ami 
on the asth of March, in uie year following, he 
left London in order for that voyage, notwith- 
standing Didacus Sarmiento de Acunna, earl or 
count of Gundamore, the Spanish ambassador to 
the K. of England, endeavoured to hinder him, 
with many arguments proposed to his majesty. 
But at lengtli sir Walter going beyond his com- 
mission in taking and sacking the town of St. 
Thome, belonging to the Spaniard, which was 
much aggravated by Gundamore, the king on the 
9th of June If) 18 published his royal proclamation 
for the discovery of the truth of Raleigh's pro- 
ceedings, and for the advancement ot justice. 
Whereupon, when Baleigh arrived at Plymouth, 
sir Lewis Stucle^', vice-admiral of the county of 
Devon, seized him, and brought him up to Lon- 
don 9 Aug. following. But Raleigh finding the 
court wholly guided by Gundamore, as 'tis said, 
(notwithstanding I find elsew here ' tlmt he kit 
England \Q July going before) he could hoj)e for 
little mercy. Whereupon wisely contriving the 
design of an escape, was betrayed by Stucley, 
taken on the Thames and committed to a close 
)rison. Afterwards being often examined by the 
Old chaijcellor and privy-council, ' was at length 
on the 24th of Oct. warned by them (as they had 
been commanded by the king) to prepare for 
death. The particulars of which proceedings, as 
also of his voyage to Guiana, you may see at 
large in a book eiitit. A Declaration of the Dc- 
meanour ami Carriage of Sir IV. Raleigh, Knight, 
as well in his J'oi/age, as in, and sithence his Re- 
turn ; and of the true Motives and Indticem'.tits 
K-hich occaswn'd his Majesty to proceed in doing 
Justice upon him. Lond. I6I8, in 8 sh. in qu. On 
the 28th of the month of Oct. he was conveyed 
to the court called the Kings-bench in Westmin- 
ster, where it being proposed to him what he had 

' W. Cambden in .<4nna/. Joe. 1. MS. tuban. I6l4. 

9 Ibid. an. I618. 

' [The most free account of the trial of sir Walter Halci^ 
is delivered in a letier from one friend to another, published 
in the Letters of Sir Tolit Mathtws, 8vo. 1060, p. 1'/^. 
Kesjset.] 



239 



RALEIGH. 



240 



to say for himself, why the sentence of death pro- 
nounced against him in 1603 should not be put 
in execution, he fell into a long discourse, and 
vindicated himself so much, that most wise men 
thought then (and all historians since) that his 
life could not be taken away u]>on that account. 
Afterwards bcintj conveyed to the Gatehouse, 
suffered death tlie next day, notwithstanding 
David Noion, lord of Chesne, acted much to 
save liim.^ Authors are pcrplcx'd (as some are 
pleased to say) under what topic to place him, 
whether of statesman, seaman, soldier, chymist, 
or chronologer; for in all these he did excell. 
And it still remains a dispute, whether the age 
he lived in was more obliged to his pen or his 
sword, the one being busy in conquering the 
new, the other in so bravely describing the old 
world. ' He had in the outward man, (as an 
[438] observing ' writer saith) a good presence, in a 
liandsome and well compacted person, a stron 
natural wit, and a better judgment, with a bol 
and plausible tongue, whereby he could set out 
his parts to the best advantage; and to these he 
had the adjuncts of some general learning, which 
by diligence he enforced to great augmentation 
and perfection ; for he was an indefatigable 
reader, whether by sea or land, and none ot the 
least observers both of men and of the times : 
and I am confident that among the second causes 
of his growth, that variance between him and the 
lord Grey, in his descent into Ireland, was a prin- 
cipal, for it drew them both over to the council 
table, there to plead their cause, where he had 
much the better in telling of his tale; and so 
much that the qu. and the lords took no slight 
mark of the man and his parts : for from thence 
he became to be known, and to have recess to the 
qu. and the lords ; and then we are not to doubt 
how such a man would comply and learn the 
way of progression. Sac. He had gotten the 
queen's ear at a trice, and she began to be taken 
with his elocution, and loved to hear his reasons 
to her demands : and the truth is, she took him 
for a kind of an oracle, w hich nettled them all ; 
yea, those that he relyed on began to take his 
sudden favour for an allarum, and to be sensible 
of their own suppiantation and to project his. — 
So that finding his favour declining, and falling 

* [Archbishop Sancroft had an original letter from queen 
Anne to the favourite, Buckingham, on this subject, which 
does her much honour. 
• Anna K. 

My kind Dogge; If I have any power, or credit with 
you, I pray you let me have a trial of it, at this time, in deal- 
ing sincerely and erncstly with the king, that sir Valter Ra- 
leigh's life may not be called in question. If you do it so, 
that the success answer my expectation, assure yourself, that 
I will take it extraordinarily kindly at your hands, and rest 
one, that wisheth you well, and desires you to conlinew still, 
as you have been, a true servant to your master. 

To the marquis of Buckingame." MS. Tanner, 299, 
page 87.1 

' R. Naunton in Fragm. Regal, ut sup. p. 59. 



into recess, he undertook a new peregrination to 
leave that terra injirma of the court, for that of 
the wars, and by declining himself, and by ab- 
sence, to expect his, and the passion of his ene- 
mies, which in court was a strange device of re- 
covery,' &c. The truth is he was unfortunate in 
nothing else but the greatness of his wit and ad- 
vancement : his eminent worth was such, both 
in domestic polity, foreign expeditions and dis- 
coveries, arts and literature, both practive and 
contemplative, that they seem'd at once to con- 
quer both example and imitation. Those that 
knew him well, esteem'd him to be a person born 
to that only which he went about, so dexterous 
was he in all, or most of his undertakings, in 
court, in camp, by sea, by land, with sword, with 
pen ; witness in the last, these things following, 
tho'some of them, as 'tis credibly believed, were 
written by others, with his name set to them for 
sale sake. 

Discovery of the large, rich, and beautiful Em- 
pire of Guiana, with a Relation of the great and 
golden City of Manoa, and of the Provinces of 
Etneria, Arromaia, Amapaia, &.c. performed in the 
Year 1595, Lond. 1596, qu. [Bodl. 4to. C. 106. 
Art.] Printed at Francf. and Norimb. in Latin, 
1599, qu. [Bodl. 4to. M. 23. Art.J This book of 
Guiana, with the author's prefatory epist. to the 
Hist, of the World, are (as 'tis said) full of proper, 
clear, and courtly graces of speech. 

History of the World, in five books, Lond. 1614, 
&c. fol. [Bodl. K. 3. 6. Art. But the best edi- 
tion, on every account, is that printed at London, 
for G. Conyers, J. J. and P. Knapton, and other 
booksellers, in two volumes folio, 1736. This was 
edited by Mr. Oldys, author of the British Libra- 
rian, and other works pertaining to literary anti- 
quities. The text was given from a copy revised 
by the author, a life of whom, with his trial, was 
prefixed. A fine copy of this valuable book was 
bequeathed to the Bodleian by the late Charles 
Godywn, B. D. fellow of Balliol, and vicar of All 
Saints, Colchester. Godu\ 218, 219-] Abbre- 
viated and animadverted upon by Alex. Ross, a 
Scotchman, in a book entit. The Marrow of Ilis- 
tory. Lond. 1662, oct. 2d edit. But of Raleigh 
and his history hear what an ingenious ■• writer 
saith — ' Hos autem sequi possunt nonnulii ex 
recentioribus : quos inter, principem locum obti- 
nere meretur Gualterus Raulajus nostras, eques 
auratus, vir clari nonnnis, &, ob singularem forti- 
tudinem ac prudentiam meliori fato dignus. Is 
universalem historiam ab initio mundi usque Ma- 
cedonici imperii, sive tertia; monarchiae occasum, 
ex probatissimis auctoribus coagmentavit, nostrae 
quidem gentis idiomate vernaculo, sed accurate 
admodum judicio, methodo perspicua, stylo ele- 
ganti ac virili,' &.c. He was delivered of that 

♦ Deg. Wheare, in lib sue De Ratione (S^ JHet'.cdo legenili 
Historias. Sect. C. 



241 



RALEIGH 



U^ 



exquisite Minerva during liis tedious imprison- 
ment in the Tower of Lundon ; for being clapt up 
there for treason during his life, as I have before 
told you, did improve his confinement, far better 
tlian liis enlargement. He had eoniposed a se- 
cond part, which reached down to the time he 
lived, but he burnt it a little before his death. ^ 
Afterwards Alex. Ross, before-mentioned, conti- 
nued it in a book entit. The History of the World, 
the second Part, in six Books, being a Continuation, 
&ic. beginning nhcre he left, viz. at the End of the 
[439] Macedonian Kingdom, and deduced to these latter 
Times, that is, from the Year of the florid 3806, 
or 160 Years befoie Christ, till the End of the Year 
1640 ajter Christ, S(c. together rtith a Chronology 
of those Times, &.c. Lon(t. Uij'i, fol. Here, hav- 
ing made twice mention of Alexand. Ross, I de- 
sire the reader to observe, by the way, these things 
of him; that he was D. D. and a native and mi- 
nister of Aberdeen in Scotland, which country he 
leaving, (upon what account 1 know not) came 
into England, succeeded Tlio. Parker (son of 
Robert) author of the book De Traductione Pec- 
catoris in the mastership of the free-school at 
Southampton,* and was chaplain in ordinary to 
K. Ch. I. a little before the civil war began. He 
hath written many books in Latin and English, 
and in prose and verse, the titles of which are now 
too numerous to insert. He died in the park- 
house at Brauisell in Hampshire, belonging to 
one Andrew Henley, one of the prothonotaries, 
in the beginning of the j'ear lG54, aged 04, or 
thereabouts; at which time he bequeathed many 
rich legacies by his' will, (dat. 21 Feb. 1653, and 
proved 19 Apr. j6o4,) among which were 200 
fivres to the senate of Aberdeen, to remain for 
ever towards the maintenance of two scholars 
that shall be born in the town of Aberdeen, and 
educated in (Jranimar there, 50/. to the town of 
Southampton, for the better maintenance of the 

' [There seems litlle or no ground for this cominonlv re- 
ceived assertion, that Ralegh burnt the remainder of his la- 
bours. See Oldys's Li/lf, |). clxxxvi.] 

* [God s House, or the House of Prayer vindicated from 
Profaneness and Sacrilege. Delivered in a Sermon tin 24 
da>/ of Fcir. Anno 1()4I, in Soiilliamplon, by Ale.vander 
Bosse, his Majesties Chaplain in Ordinary. Lond. Printed 
in tlie year l642 4to. ' I am forced to publish this Sermon, 
partly by the slanderous speeches of some new upstart secta- 
ries in this towne. — I have s|ient twenty-five years in this 
peaceable and well govern'd corporation. I have studied di- 
vinity tlteso thirty-six yeares, and till now 1 never knew 
that 1 delivered erroneous doctrine.' 

(Jod's house made a Den of'J'heeees, delivered in a Second 
Sermon in Soiilliamplon, by Alex. Rosse. — ' To my judicious 
and co'iscioiiablc hearers at Southampton ; 1 have now spent 
almost twenty-six yeares amongst you, how diligently In my 
callinu;, how inoffensively in my conversation you all know, 
and my conscience cloth witness, and now being to depart 
from you, I thought good to bequeath this Sermon aa a legacy 
to vf>u.' Kennet-I 

* In the will-office near to St. Paul's cath. in Reg. Alchin, 
part 2. qu. p3. 
Vol. H. 



schoolmaster, 50/. to the poor houHholdkeopcrt 
of All-saints parish there, 50/. to the public li- 
brary at Cambridge, 5l. to that of Oxon, file. 
Andrew Henley, son of the aforesaid Henley, 
was his executor, who had his library remaining 
at Bramsell, wherein, mostly in the books, he 
found, as I have been credibly informed, about 
a thousand pound in gold. I shall now proceed 
to give you a farther account of sir W. Raleigh's 
works : 

The Prerogative of Parliaments in England, 
proved in a Dialogue between a Counsellor of State 
and a Justice of' Peace. Middleburgh (some co- 
pies have it Hamburg) 1628. [Bodl. A. 10. 4. 
Line, and 4to. E. 1. Jur,] Lond. 1640, qu. 

Instructions to his Son and Posterity. Lond. 
1632, [Bodl..8vo. P. 75. Art.] .36, 1651, oct. 56, 
in tw. [and Lond. 1722, BodK 8vo. A. 199. 
Line.] 

The Life and Death of Mahomet, the Conquest 
of Spain, together with the Rising and Ruin of' the 
Sarazen Empire. Lond. 1637, in tw. [Botll. 8vo. 
L. 45. Line] In another title printed the year 
following 'tis called. The History oj Mahomet. 

The Prince, or Maxims of State. Lond. 1642, 
in 7 sh. in qu. there again in 51 and 56, in tw. 
'Tis the same with his Jlphorisms of State. Lond. 
1661, oct. Published by John Mdton. 

The Sceptic, or Speculations.'s 

Observations of the Magnif- 
cency and Opulency of Cities. 

State of Government. 

Letters to the King, andothers 
of Quality. 

Demeanour before his Exe- 
cution. 

His Pilgrimage, in Verse. 

Certain Verses. 

Observations on the first Invention of Shipping, 
or inva-nve War, the Navy-Royal, ana Sea- 
Service. Lond. 1650, [Bodl. 8vo. U. 9. Art. BS.] 
and 1667, oct. 

Apology for his VoyagetoGuiana. — Printed with 
the Observations, &c. 'Twas by him penned (at 
Salisbury) in July 1617. I have a copy of it in 
MS. bound with his Confession, which is in MS. 
also, and begins thus, ' 1 thank God of his infi- 
nite goodness that he hath sent me to die in the 
light, and not in the darkness,' &.c. 

Observations touching Trade and Commerce tcith 
the Hollanders and other Nations, as it was pre- 
sented to King James. Lond. 16.j3, 56, in tw. 

The Cabinet-Council, containing the chief Arts 
of Empire and Mysteries of State. Lond. 16>8, 
oct. This book was published by John Milton 
before-mentioned ; of whom you may see more 
in the Fasti, an 1635. 

Historical and Geographical Description of the 
great Country and River of the Amazons in Ame- 
rica, &c. Lond. l66l, published by W. H. 



J 



Lond. 1651, and 
56, in tw. 



£" 



243 



RALEIGH. 



244 



r440] Wars with Foreign Princes dangerous to our buried in the chancel there, at the upper end al- 

" ' ' '* " ^ T- __;-.. H/— jnost, near to the altar. Over wliose grave, tho' 

there was never any epitaph put, yet tliis follow- 
ing, among others, was made for him : 

Here lieth hidden in this pit. 

The wonder of the world for wit : 
It to small purpose did him serve ; 

His wit could not his life preserve. 
He, living, was belov'd of none, 

Yet at his death all did him moan. 
Heaven hath his soul, the world his fame. 

The grave his corpse, Stukley his shame. 

Some writers in the long rebellion under K. Ch. I. 
especially such who were not well-wishers to mo- 



l6l8. 



Commoimealth. Or, Reasons for T'oreign Wars 
ansvcered.^ — When printed I know not. [At Lon- 
don in 1657, Bodl. 8vo. C. 425. Line] 

Various Letters. — See in the Cabala, or Scrinia 
Sacra. Lond. J 663, fol. 

Divers Speeches and Arguments in several Par- 
liaments towards the latter End ofQ. Elit. —Sec in 
H. Townsend's Historical Collectious. Lond. 1680, 

fol. 

The Son's Advice to his Father. 

The great Cordial. — Upon which N. le Feburc 
hath written an English discourse. Lond. 1664, 
oct. I have seen a book in MS. containing sir 
Walter Raleigh's Speech at the Time of his Death; 



and his Ghost, or a Conference between Sir Gun- narchy, have reported that his death was no less 
damore, his Maj. Ambassador of Spain, the Fryer than a downright murder, having had his blood 
Confessor, and Father Ba/dwipi the Jesuit, at Ely spilt upon a scaffold meeriy to satisfy some un 



House in Holbourn in 1622; but whether ever 
printed I know not. However, the reader is to 
understand that sir Walter's Ghost before-men- 
tioned is not the same with his Ghost or Appari- 
tion to his intimate Friend, willing him to translate 
into English the learned Book oj Leonard Lessius, 



worthy ends, and the revenge of the Spaniard. 
Nay, and farther, they have not stuck to say that 
the conspiracy of Gowry, seemed rather a con- 
spiracy of the K. of Scots against Gowry, as many 
of that nation have declared. The said sir Walt. 
Raleigh left behind him a son named Carew Ra- 



entit. De Providentia Numinis 4f Animi Immorta- leigh, born in Middlesex, (in the Tower of London, 

litale. Lond. 1651, in tw. translated in compliance it seems, while his father was prisoner there,) 

with sir Walter's late request, because he had became a gent. com. of Wadham coll. in 1620, 

teen often foully aspersed for an atheist. There aged 16, but proved quite different in spirit from 

is also a MS. going about from hand to hand, his father. Afterwards he was gent, of the privy 

said to have been written by our author sir Wal- chamber to K. Ch. L who honoured him with a 

ter, which is concerning, kind token at his leaving Hampton Court, when 

The present State of Spain, with a most accurate he was juggled into the Isle of Wight, cringed 

Account of his Cath. Majesty's Power and Riches, afterwards to the men in power, was made go- 



8tc. — Whether this, or his 

Discourse touching a Consultation about Peace 
with Spain. — MS. (sometimes in the libr. of 
Arthur, earl of Anglesey,) were ever printed, I 
know not. He hath also written. 

The Life and Death of Will, the Conqueror. — 
MS. sometimes in the library of sir Ken. Digby, 



vernor of Jersey, by the favour of general George 
Monk, in the latter end of January 1659) and 
wrote a book (as 'twas generally reported) entit. 
Observations upon some particular Persons and 
Passages in a BooJc lately made public, entit. A 
compleat History of the Lives and Reigns of Mary 
Q. of Scotland, and of James K. of England, 



afterwards in that of George, earl of Bristol, written by William Sanderson, Esq; Lond. 1656, 
[Printed London 1693, and 1728, Svo. Wan ley.] in 3 sh. in qu. I have seen also some sonnets of 
Of Mines, and Trials of Minerals. — MS. &c. his composition, and certain ingenious discourses, 
with other things which I have not yet seen. But but whether ever printed I know not. 1 have 
I say it again, that I verily think, that several of seen also a poem of his, which had a musical 
those things before-mentioned, which jjo under composition of two parts set to it, by the incom- 
parable Hen. Lawes, servant to K. Ch. I. in his 
public and private music,' sir Henry Wotton 



his name, were never written by him. At length 
he was beheaded in the Old Palace-yard in West- 
minster, on 29 Octob. in sixteen hundred and 
eighteen, aged 66. Whereupon his body, (which 
he sometimes designed to be buried in the cath. 
church at Exeter,) was conveyed to St. Marga- 
ret's church in the said city of Westminster, and 

* [This book when first printed, Svo. l657, having sir 
Walter's picture prefixed, has misled some to insert it into 
the catalogue of his writings. It was written by sir Rob. 
Cotton, and in a second edit. Svo. l665, in a different title, 
sir Walter's picture is very properly exchanged for sir Ro- 
bert's. Vid.Oldys's !.{/■« of Sir W. Ralegh, p. l66. Con- 

INGESBY.] 



9 [It is in Lawes's Ayres and Dialogues, Lond. l633» 
folio; page 11, and is now given. 

Careless of Love, and free from fears, 

I sate and gaz'd on Stella's eyes. 
Thinking my reason, or my years. 

Might keep me safe from all surprize. 

But Love, that hath been long despis'd. 

And made the baud to other's trust. 
Finding his deity surpriz'd 

And chang'd into degenerate lust. 



[441] 



245 



RALEIGH. 



246 



gives ' him the character of a ge^itieman of dex- 
terous abilities, as it appeared in the management 
of a puhUc concern in sir Henry's time; and so 
by otiiers he is with honour mentioned ; but far, 
God wot, was he from his father's parts, either as 
to the sword or pen. He was burred in iiis fa- 
ther's grave in the month of Decemb. (or there- 
abouts,) an. 1666, leaving issue behind him a 
daughter. 

[Add to the list of Ralegh's pieces the fol- 
lowing. 

Jdvice to his Son: His Son's Advice to his 
Father. 

Observations concerning the Causes of the Opu- 
lencif of Cities. 

Sir Walter Raleigh's Observations touching 
Trade and Commerce with the Hollanders and 
•other Nations; proving that our Sea and hand 
Commodities enrich and strengthen other Countries 
■against our own. 

His Letters to divers Persons of Quality. The 
Prerogative of Parliaments in England, proved in 
a Dialogue between a Counsellor of State and a 
Justice of Peace. Lond. 1702. 12mo. again 1726. 
12mo. with the additions of some Letters never 
printed before. Wanley. 

Political, Commercial, and Philosophical Works, 
together with his Letters and Poems, were pub- 
lished by Tho. Birch, M.A. F.R.S. in two vo- 
lumes 8vo. Lond. 1751, to which was prefixed a 
new account of his Life. 

Some of his detached pieces, with extracts 
from others, will be found in Caley's Life, 2 vol. 
4to. Lond 1806. 

His Poems have been collected, as far as possi- 
ble, by sir Egerton Brydges, and printed at a 
private press at Lee Priory in Kent, 4to. 1814, 
and Lond. 1814, in 8vo. Prefixed to which is 
a brief, but very satisfactory, account of the 
author. 

To the works bearing Ralegh's name, already 
registered, we may add the following, and still pro- 
bably the list is imperfect. 

1. A Discourse of Tenures, which were before 
the Conquest, namely, Knight-Service, Soccage, 
and Frank-almoign : and the Effect of those Te- 
nures, Wards, Reliefs, Heriots, Escuage, or War- 
faring by Tenure, Reservations of Rent or Victuals 

Summon'd up all his strength and power. 

Making her face his magazine, 
Where Virtue's grace, and Beauty's fiowre 

He plac'd, his godhead to redeem. 

So that, too late (alas!) I iinde 

No steeled armour is of proof. 
Nor can the best resolved minde 

Resist her beauty dnd her youth. 

But yet the folly to untwist. 

That loving I deserve no blame. 
Were it not Atheismc to resist 

Where Godds themselves conspire her flame?] 

' la hii I.e//;rj printed, 1672, p. 481. 



and Provisions, or Purveyors in the Saxon Time* ; 
that the same Estates in the Soil of this Land were 
due unto the Subjects, by Pirtli-Right of their An-/ 
cestors, the Inhabitants of the iMiid, before Duke 
William's Time ; namely, to have Land in Fee 
Simple, Free-holders, Copie- holders. Customary 
Tenants and Villeins, before the Year 1066 ; toge- 
ther with the Resemblances Or Disresemblances of 
those, in outlandish, ancient or modern Estates. 
MS. Tanner 278, page 439. Printed in Gutch's 
Collectanea Curiosa,\7S\ , i. 51. 

2. Report of the Truth of the Fight abovl the 
Isles of Azores. 4to. 1591. reprinted in Hakluyt'H 
Voyages. 

3. Relation of Cadiz-action in the Year I69G. 
Printed in Caley's Life, chap. 5. 

4. Dialogue between a Jesuit and a Recusant, 
shewing how dangerous are their Principles to 
Christian Princes. In Genuine Remains of Ra- 
legh, subjoined to an abridgment of his Hist, of 
the World, by Philip Ralegli, esq. his grandson, 
Bvo. 1700. 

5. Memorial touching the Port of Dover. 
Printed in Sheers's Essay on Ways and Means to 
maintain the Honour and Safety of England, 4to. 
1701. 

6. Sir Walter Rauleigh's Apologie, written to 
the King and the Councill, in Defence of his last 
Action in Guiana, since his last Coming into the 
Towne. MS. Tanner, in bibl. Bodl. N" 299, 
p. 53. 

7. Discourse of the Words Law and Right. 

8. Treatise of the Soul. These two in the Ash- 
mole museum. 

9. Discourse touching the Marriage of Prince 
Henry, with the eldest Daughter of the D. of 
Savoy ; and the Marriage of the Lady Elizabeth 
with the Prince of Piedmont. In two parts. MS. 
Cotton, Vitellius, C. xvii, 7 ; and C. xvi, 23. 

10. Journal of a Second Voyage to Guiana. 
MS. in the Cotton library, Titus, B. viii. 

11. The present State of Things as they now 
stand between the three Kingdoms, France, Eng- 
land and Spain. MS. Harl. 

12. Chemical and Medicinal Receipts. MS. in 
the British musqum. (Ayscough's Catal. 
N" 359.) 

13. Considerations of a Voyage to Guiana. 
MS. in the British museum, (Ayscough'a Catal. 
:Nm133.) 

14. Discourse of the Spaniard's Cruelties to the 
English in Havanna. MS. formerly in lord Cla- 
rendon's library. 

15. Treatise of the Art of War by Sea. Not 
known, either in print or manuscript. 

16. Discourse of a maritimal Voyage, and the 
Passages and Incidents therein. Not known. 

17. Discourse how War may be made against 
Spain and the Indies. Not known. 

18. Treatise of the West Indies. Not known. 

I cannot deny myself the satisfaction of record- 



3.^7 



RALEIGH. 



248 



ing the last raoinents of this great man. The 
account docs not redound more to tlie credit of 
the unfortunate sufltier, than to the eternal dis- 
grace of the weak and cowardly monarch, who 
thus murdered one of the brightest ornaments of 
his court and nation. It is taken from Brydges's 

Life prefixed to Raleigh's Poems. Even here 

his heroism did not forsake him. To some wiio 
deplored his misfortunes he observed, with calm- 
ness, that ' the world itself is but a larger prison, 
out of which some are daily selected for execu- 
tion.' When conducted to the scaffold, his 
countenance was cheerful ; and he said, ' I desire 
to be borne withal, for this is the third day of my 
fever ; and if I shall shew any weakness, I beseech 
you to attribute it to my malady; for this is 
the hour, in which it was wont to come.' He then 
addressed the spectators in a long speech, which 
ended thus : 

' And now I intreat you to join with me in 
prayer to the great God of heaven, whom I have 
grievously offended, being a man full of all vanity, 
and have lived a sinful life, in all sinful callings; 
for I have been a soldier, a captain, a sea-captain, 
and a courtier, which are courses of wickedness 
and vice, that God would forgive me and cast 
away my sins from me, and that he would receive 
me into everlasting life. So I take my leave of 
you all, making my peace with God.' 

Wlien he had bade farewel to his friends, he 
said ' I have a long journey to go, and there- 
fore I will take my leave.' Having asked the 
executioner to shew him the axe, which the 
executioner hesitated to do, he cried, ' 1 prithee 
let me see it! Dost thou think I am afraid of 
it?' He then took hold of it, felt the edge, 
and, smiling, said to the sheriff, ' This is a sharp 
medicine ; but it is a physician for all evils.' He 
forgave the executioner, and being asked which 
way he would lay himself on the block, he an- 
swered, ' So the heart be right, it is no matter 
which way the head lies.' At two strokes liis 
head was taken off without the least shrink, or 
motion of his body. 

Dr. Tounson, dean of Westminster, afterwards 
bishop of Salisbury, has given a relation of this 
dreadful execution, in a letter to sir John Isham 
of Lamport, in Northamptonshire, dated Novem- 
ber 9, 1618. 

' He was,' says the dean, ' the most fearless of 
death, that ever was known ; and the most re- 
solute and^^onfident, yet with reverence and con- 
science. Wlien I began to encourage him against 
the fear of death, lie seemed to make so light 
of it, that I wondered at him. And when I 
told him that the dear servants of God, in bet- 
ter causes than his, had shrunk back, and trem- 
bled a little, he denied not; but yet gave God 
thanks he never feared death, and much less then. 
For it was but an opinion and imagination, and 
the manner of death, though to others it might 



seem grievous, yet he had rather die so than of a 
burning fever. With much more to that purpose, 
with such confidence and cheerfulness, that 1 was 
fain to divert my speech an}' other way; and 
wished him not to flatter himself; for this ex- 
trat)rdinary boldness, I was afraid came from 
some false ground. If it sprang from the assu- 
rance he had of the love and favour of God, 
of the hope of his salvation by Christ, and his 
own innocency, as he pleaded, I said he was a 
happy man. But if it were out of an humour 
of vain glory, or carelessness, or contempt of 
death, or senselessness of his own estate, he were 
much to be lamented &c. For I told him, that 
heathen men had set as little by their lives as he 
would do, and seemed to die as bravely. He 
answered, that he was persuaded, that no man 
that knew God, and feared him, could die with 
cheerfulness and courage, except he were as- 
sured of the love and favour of God unto him. 
That other men might make shews outwardly, 
but tliey felt no joy within; with much more to 
that effect very Christian ly, so that he satisfied 
me then, as I think he did all his spectators at 
his death,' &c. 

' He was very cheerful that morning he died, 
and took tobacco, and made no more of his 
death than if he had been to take a journey. 
And left a great impression in the minds of 
those that beheld him, insomuch that sir Lewis 
Stwkely and the Frenchman grew verj' odious.' 

Another account says, ' In all the time he 
was upo*. the scaffold, nor before, there appeared 
not the least alteration in him, either in his voice 
or countenance ; but he seemed as free from all 
manner of apprehension, as if he had come thither 
rather to be a spectator than a sufferer : nay, 
the beholders seemed much more sensible than 
did he. So that he hath purchased here, in the 
opinion of men, such honour and reputation, as 
it is thought, his greatest enemies are they that 
are most sorrowful for his death, which they 
see is like to turn so much to his advantage.' 

The following lines are given to Ralegh, on the 
authority of a MS. in the Bodleian, Rawl. Poet. 
85. They are now, I believe, printed for the first 
time. 

As you came from the holy land 

Of W^alsinghame, 
Mett ydu not with my true loue. 
By the way as you came ? 

How shall I know your true loue. 

That haue mett many a one. 
As I went to the holy lande. 

That haue come, that haue gone i 

She is neyther whyte nor browne, 

Butt as the heauens fayre : 
There is none hathe a forme so deuine, 

In the earth, or the ayre. 



249 



RALEIGH. 



MARTIN. 



250 



.Such a one did I meet, good sir, 

Suche an angclyke face, 
Who lyke ii qiit'cne, lyke a nymph did appcrc, 

By her gate, by her grace. 

She hath lefte me here all alone, 

All alone, as vnknowne. 
Who somtymes did nic lead with her selfc. 

And me loudc as her owne. 

What 's the cause that she Icaues you alone, 

And a new waye doth take ; 
Who loued you once as her owne, 

And her ioye did you make i 

I liaue loude her all my youth. 

Butt no - ould as you see ; 
Loue lykes not the fallyng frute 

From the wythered tree. ' 

Know that loue is a careless chyld, 

And forgets promysse paste : 
He is blynde, he is deafl" when he lyste. 

And in faythe neuer faste. 

His desyre is a dureless contente. 

And a trustless ioye; 
He is wonn with a world of despayre, 

And is lost with a toye. 

Of women kynde suche indeed is the loue, 

Or the word loue abused, 
Vnder which, many chyldysh desyrcs 

And conceytes are excusde< 

But true loue is a durable fyre. 

In the niyndc cucr burnynge, 
Neuer sycke, neuer ould, neuer dead, 

From it selfe neuer turnynge. 



Finis. 



S' W. R. 



In the same volume is another piece, with the 
like initials, commencing, 

Fayne woulde 1, but I dare not ; 

I dare, but yet I maye not ; 
I maye, although 1 care not 

For pleasure, when I playe not. 

Ralegh's portrait has been engraved by various 
persons. 1 shall only mention 

1 . By S. Pass in 4to. 

2. By Houbraken. 

3. By Vcrtue, 173j; prefixed to Oldys's Life. 

4. In Lodge's Illustrious Heads. 

' rSic pro now.'] 

^ tVery similar are Raleigh's expressions on this subject in 
his Instructions to his Son, ' Let thy time of marriage be in 
thy young and strong years ; for believe it, ever the young 
wife betrayelh the ofd husband, and she that had thee not 
in thy flower, wiH despise thee in thy fall." fVorks by 
Birch, Lond. 1761. (Bodl. 8vo. C. 914, Line.) page 345.] 



RICHARD MARTIN, son of Will. Martin, 
(by Anne his wife, dnuehter of Rich. Farker of 
Sussex,) fourth 8on of Rich. Martin of the city of 
Fxcter, second son of Will. Martin of Athelhamp> 
ton in the parish of I'uddletown, in Do rs«'t shire, 
knight, was born at Otterton in Devonshire, be- 
came a commoner of Kroudgate's hall (now Pem- 
broke coll.) in Michaelmas term 1385, aged 15, 
(and not in Trinity coll. as I have furmerly, by a 
mistake, told* you,) where by natural parts, and 
some industry, lie proved in short time a noted 
disputant. But he leaving the said house before 
he was honoured with a degree, went to the Mid- 
dle Temple, where, after he had continued in the 
state of inner barrister for some years, was elected 
a burgess to serve in parliament l60l ; wat con- 
stituted Lent-reader of the said Temple, 13 Jac. 
1. and upon the death of sir Anth. Benn, was 
made recorder of the city of London, in Sept. 
I(il8, which place he enjoying but little more 
than a month, was succeeded therein by sir Rob. 
Heath. There was no j)erson in his time more 
celebrated for ingenuity than R. Martin, none 
more admired by Selden, serjeant Hoskins, Ben. 
Johnson, &c. than he ; the last of which dedicated 
his comedy to him called The Poetaster. K. 
James was much delighted with his facetiousness, 
and had so great respect for him, that he com- 
mended him to the citizens of London to be their 
recorder. He was worthily characterized, by the 
virtuous and learned men of his time, to be ' prin- 
ceps ' amorum, principum amor, legum lincfua, 
lexque dicendi, Anglorum alumnus, prteco Vir- 
ginise ac parens, &c. magni orbis os, orbis minoris 
corculum. Bono suorum natus, extinctus suo, &c. 
He was a plausible linguist, and eminent for seve- 
ral speeches spoken in parliaments, for his poems 
also and witty discourses. AIJ that I have seen of 
his are. 

Speeches and Discourses in one or more Par- 
liaments in the latter end of Q. Elizab. 

Speech delivered to the King, iu the Name of 
the Sheriffs of London and Middlesex. Lona. 
1603. 1643, qu. 

Various Poems.'' — He died to the great grief 
of all learned and good men, on the last day of 
Octob. in sixteen hundred and eighteen, and was 
buried in the church belonging to the Temples. 
Over his grave was soon after a neat alabaster 
monument erected, with the effigies of the defunct 
kneeling in his gown, with 4 verses engraven 
thereon under him, made by his dear friend Ser- 
jeant Hoskins before-mentioned ; a copy of which 
you may see' elsewhere. This monument was 
repaired in 1683, when the choir and isles adjoia- 

♦ In Hist. & Antiq. Univ. Oxun. lib. 2. p. 296. a. 

' By which is to be understood, that he had been Prince 
D' Amour of the Middle Temple in the time of Chri^tInas. 

' [None of which I have, as yet, been able to meet with.] 

' See Orig. Jurid. by sir W. Di^dale, in his Discoonc of 
the Temples. 



161s. 



251 



MAN DEVIL. 



STANYHURST. 



252 



ing, belonging to the Temple church, were new- 
wainscoted and furnished with seats. He gave 
by will to the churcii of Ottcrton, where he re- 
ceived his first breath, 5/. and to the church of 
Culiiton-Raleigh in Devon, where his house and 
seat was, 5/. 

[Add 

An Epistle to Sir Hen. fVotton. Printed in 
Coryat's Crudities, page 237. Loveday. 

There is a very scarce head of Martin by Simon 
Pass, engraved in the year lG20, a fine impression 
of which (though not a proof as stated by Gran- 
ger) in Aubrey's Lives, MS. in the Ashmole 
museum. Aubrey, in his very short memorandum 
of his life, says, that he died from excess of 
drinking. The inscription on Pass's print is cu- 
rious, and should have been given here, had not 
Granger copied it into his Biographical Hist, of 
England, a work in the hand of every reader of 
taste.] 

ROBERT MANDEVIL, a Cumberland man 
bom, was entred either a batler or servitor of 
Queen's coll. in the beginning of the year 1595, 
[4421 aged 17, where remaining a severe student till he 
was bach, of arts, he retired to St. Edmund's hall, 
and as a member of it, proceeded in that faculty. 
In July 1607 he was elected vicar of Abby Holme, 
commonly called Holm-Cultram in his own 
county, by the chancellor and scholars of this 
university. Where being settled, he exercised, 
with great zeal, his parts in propagating the gos- 
pel against its oppugners, not only by communi- 
cation and preaching, but by his exemplary course 
of life, and great piety. He shewed himself also 
a zealous enemy against Popery, and the breaking 
of the Lord's day by prophaning it with mer- 
chandizing and sports, and endeavoured as much 
as in him lay, (for he was a zealous puritan,) to 
persuade his parishioners and neighbours to do 
those things on Saturday, which they used to do 
on the Lord's day. The truth is, he was, in the 
opinion of those of his persuasion, a great man 
in his profession, for he solely bent himself to his 
studies and discourses, for the promotion of re- 
ligion, and the word of God. He hath writ- 
ten, 

Timothy's Task; two Sermons Preached in two 
Synodal Assemblies at Carlisle; On 1 Tim. 4. 16, 
and on Acts 20. 28. Oxon. I619, qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
M. 28. Th.] Published by Tho. Vicars, fellow of 
Qu.coll. 

Theological Discourses. He died in sixteen 

1018. hundred and eighteen, and was buried at Holm- 
Cultram before-mentioned. Here you see I have 
given you a character of a zealous and religious 
puritan. The next in order who is to follow, 
IS one who was a most zealous R. Catholic, but far 
more learned than the former, and not to be 
diamed or compared with him. 



RICHARD STANYHURST, son of James 
Stanyhurst, esq ; was born within the city of 
Dublin in Ireland, (of which city his father was 
then recorder,) educated in grammar learning 
under Peter Whyte, mentioned under the year 
1590,' became a commoner of University coll. in 
1563, where improving those rare natural parts 
that he was endowed with, wrote Commentaries on 
Porphyry at two years standing, being then 18 
j'ears ot age, to the great admiration of learned 
men and ouiers. After he had taken one degree 
in arts, he left the college, retired to London, 
became first a student in lurnival's inn, and after- 
wards in that of Lincoln, where spending some 
time in the study of the common law, he after- 
wards went into the country of his nativity for a 
time. But his mind there changing, as to his 
religion, he went beyond the seas, (being then a 
married man,) and in the Low Countries, France, 
and other nations, he became famous for his 
learning, noted to princes, and more especially 
to the archduke of Austria, who made him his 
chaplain, (his wife being then dead,) and allowed 
him a plentiful salary. He was accounted by 
many (especially by those of his persuasion) an 
excellent theologist, Grecian, philosopher, histo- 
rian, and orator. Cambden stiles » him, ' erudi- 
tissimus illenobilis Rich.Stanihurstus'; and others 
of his time say, that he was so rare a poet, that 
he, and Gabr. Harvey, were the best for iambics 
in their age. He hath written and transmitted to 
posterity, 

Harmonia, sive Catena Dialectica in Porphy- 
rianas Constitutiones. Lond. 1570, [and 1579] 
fol. Which book being communicated to Edm. 
Campian of St. John's coll. before it went to the 
press, he gave this character ' of the author, 
' Mirifice Itetatus sum, esse adolescent€m in acad. 
nostra, tali familia, eruditione, probitate ; cujus 
extrema pueritia cum multis laudabili maturitate 
viris certare possit.' 

De Rebus in Hibernia gestis. Lib. 4. AntW. 
1584, qu. [Bodl. 4to. T. 21. Art. Seld.] Dedi- 
cated to his brother P. Plunket, baron of Dun- 
sany. 

Rerum Hibernicarum Appendix, ex Silvestro 
Giraldo Cambrensi collecta, cum A nnotationibus 
adjectis. Printed with De Rebus in Hib. &c. 

Descriptio Hiberniee.'' Translated into Eng- 
lish, and put into the first vol. of Raphael Holing^ 
shed's books of Chronicles. Lond. 1586. fol. 

De Vita S. Patricii Hybemiie Apostoli. Lib. 2. 
Ant. 1587. 

Hebdomada Mariana, ex Orthodoxis Catholicce [443] 

^ [See vol. i. col. 575.] 

9 In Hibernia, in com. West-Meath. 

' In Epist. suis, edit. Ingolst. 1(502. p. 50. 

^ [One Barnaby Rich published a new Description of 
Ireland, 4to. 161O, wherein he falls on Stanyhurst, and takes 
him to task for his accounts. Whalley.j 



253 



STANYHURST. 



254 



Rom. Ecclesife Patribm colhcta ; in Memoriaml. 
Festorum Beatiss. Virginia Maria, &c. Antvv, 
lfi09. oct. [Bocll. 8vo. S. 1 J4. Tli.] In tlic front 
of which book our author writes himself, ' »ere- 
nissiuioruni principum saecllanus,' meaning duke 
Albert and Isabel iiis princess. 

Hebdomada Eucharktka. Duac. 16 14. oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. S. 155. Th.] 

Brevis Pramiinilio pro futura Concerlatione cum 
Jacobo Usserio Hyberno Dubliensi. Duac. 1615. 
in about 3 sheets in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. S. 76. Art. 
Seld.] 'You may note that IJr. James Usher's 
raotlier, Margaret Stanyhurst, ' was sister to our 

' [A Palre neutiquam sejungcnclus vidclnr Kichardus Sta- 
nihurstus, Jacobi nostri avunculus, vir quulcm insienitcr duc- 
tus, & in patriis antiquitalibus.qua! tantoequcrunl illuslralore, 
eruendis maxiinc industrias & felix. Hie verb, ut paucis 
de illo again, florente juveuta, in collegio uuiversitatis apud 
Oxonicnscs studuit : & non multo post, pro gcnioistius aevi, 
quod Aristolelicam doctrinam, inutilibus perplexisque diffi- 
cidlalibus uiirJ; obsitam, ex ignoratione inelioris saniorisque 
Philosophi.T, non ex otiosoruni hominum, quid libet pro 
lascivia ingcnii singentiam cercbeliis, sedex natura rerum 
cruendss", deperibat, Commentarios, sive Catenam Diafecti- 
cam in Porpht/ria/ias Consliiutiones, Londoni MDLXX. 
edidit. Scd uiaturescente cum annis judicio, ex veterno quasi 
expcrgefacliis, excussiis scholasticoruin nu^is, pooticisque, 

3uibis se induUerat, praestigiis relictoque ctiam, cui h patrc 
estinabatiir, leguin municipaliuin studio vetenim seculoruni 
historiis, (ut hie omittam Descriptionem, quam adornavil, 
Hibernice, inscriptain D. Henrico Sidneio Proregi, & in 
Hisloricis Js" Chronicis Ri»ph.ielis Hollingshedi Collectaneis, 
Londini editis A. MDLXXXVI. insertam) majorum gesta 
stilo inornato & planb barbaro refereiitibus, legendis, quae 
carie, situ & tineis exesas, in lenebrosis bibliolhecarum. reces- 
sibus bactcnus delituerant, intenta oculorum & mentis aeic 
invigila vit, qiiatuorque libros, in eodcm voluniinc congestos, 
De Reins in l/ibernia gestis, cum Ilihernicarum Rerum 
appeniiice, ex Siheslro Giraldo, Cambrensi, collecla, cum 
Adnotaliotiihus ad finem singutorum (apiliim addilio, Tynh 
Plantinianis, Antuerpia-, juris publiei fecit A. MDI.XXXlV. 
Nam ante paucos annos, larva, quam induerat, detracts, in 
Hiberniam reversus est; deinde in Belgium se subduxcrat, & 
post mortem uxoris sacris ordinibus initiatus, tandem serenis- 
simis Principibus Alberto Archiduci & Clara; Isabellas 
Eugenia?, factiis est a^sacris, quorum munificaliberalitate no- 
bile otium nactus, vitam jucund^ sustentavil; obiitque Brux- 
ellis A. MDCXVIIl. • Interim istud sentcntiarum de dog- 
mat ibus religionis divortium non abslabat, quominus cum 
Avunculo de rebus ad Historias & Antiquitates Hibernicas 
spectantibus literarium exercere commercium sibi licere, pro 
icquitate & prudentia sua Vsserius nostcr judicaverit, uti pos- 
tea videbimus. 

Non dissimulandum arbitror, matrem Jacobi nostri, d»m 
illeaberat in Anglia, quorundum Emissariorum vcrsutiis cap- 
tiosisque technis, quibus retundendis plane impar erat mulie- 
bre ingenium, miserfe delusam ac circumvcntam, cujus con- 
scientiani diris votis, ne meluis docta resipisceret, illigaverant, 
ad Romany Ecclesiie communionem transiisse: quotl nati 
pienlissimi animo non mcdiocrem luctum doloremgue incus- 
sit; eo quidem acriorem rcdditum, cum post reperissot iUam 
utpote feminani [>crvicacem & obatinatam, nullis suasionibus, 
argumentis nullis ad sanam mentem revocari |X)tiiisse. Hi 
quideni zelalie de victoria fraudulentis malisque artibus pepor- 
tata, triumphosej^ere, & Usserio banc matris obstinalionem, 
quam constantiwn inflexilemque mentis firmitatem interpre- 

• [De reliquis illius scriptis vide & Jacobum Waracura de 
Scriptoribus lliberniiE pap. 80. & Usserii Armachani ad Sta- 
niburstum I'^pistolaro primam in SvHoge Londoni edita 
M.DC.LXXXVl.] 



author Ric. Stanyhunt ; who being a zcalouH 
Komnnigt, and Usher (afterwardH primate of Ire- 
land) a zealous Protestant, passed several learned 
letters between them concerning religion, .Stany- 
hurst endeavouring to his utmost to gain him to 
his o|>inion ; but 'tis thought, and verily believed 
by some, that Usher was too liard for his uncle in 
controversial points relating to divinity. 

The Principlei of Cuth. lieligion. — ^^fhis I have 
not yet seen, and therefore I cannot tell you when, 
or where, it was nrinted. lie also translated into 
English heroical verse. The Jir it four Books of 
FirgH'i Mneis. Lond. 158.S. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. U. 
71. Art.] Dedicated to Plunket before-men- 
tioned, the learned baron of Dunsany, at which 
time the translator was then living at I.ieyden in 
Holland.* This translation being accounted well 
performed for that age, yet because the verses do 
not rhime, doth cause a noted » writer, and a 
professed buffoon of his time, to say, that ' Mr. 
Stanyhurst (tho' otherwise learned) trod a foul 
lumbring boisterous wallowing measures in liis 
translation of Virgil. — He had never been praised 
by Gabriel Harvey for his labour, if therein he 
had not been so famously absurd. ■* Our author 
Stanyhurst also translated into English, Certain 
Psalms of David (the four first) according to the 
observation of the Latin Verses ; that is, without 
"rhime; printed at the end of the translation of 
Virgil's Mneis before-mentioned. And at the 
end of tlxe aforesaid psalms are of his composi- 
tion. 

Poetical Conceits. Lond. 1583, in Latin and 
English, as also 

Certain Epitaphs, framed as veil in JmI. as 
English. ' — 1 he first of which (in Latin) is on 
James earl of Ormond and Ossory, who died at 
Ely-house in Holborn 18 Oct. about 1546^ and 

tati sunt, editio libellis exprobarunt : sed quSUn iniqui, quam 
absurde, judicent omnes xnui bonique amanle* Sc ttiiaiosi. 
Non parum ipsi doluit, quoJ sacris Ecclcsix ncgotiis in Urbe 
detentus, matri dilectissimx in agone mortis DtoghedK ex 
improvise fatiscenti non .iilcsset, quo abiturienlem animain, 
prius spiritualibus consiliis adjutam, precibus suis Dm com- 
mendaret : hoc laraen commodi ex malo domesiico Ecclesia 
accrevit, quod ille novo quasi zelo animatus contra Pontifi- 
ciorum iiisidias, ne alii sive sanguinis, sive amicitix, tive 
communi Christianx charitatas nrxu conjuncti, quomin 
saluti maximfc consuluit, ab Integra side abducti, ista lab« 
contabescerent, soliciotore animo salagcret. Smith, fifa 
Usserii, Ix)nd. 1707, 4to. pag. 7» &e.} 

♦ [From an entry in the Stitioner's Re«?isters, it seems thai 
his Transl.ofyireil, was first printed at Leyden.] 

5 Tho. Nashe in The Apology of Pierce Pcnnilest. Or 
strange News, &c. Lond. lSt)3. au. not paged-. 

' fNash ridicules him in his Address to Ihe Students ^ 
both Uiiiversilies, prefixed to Greene's Arcadia : 
Then did be make heaucns vault to rebound 

with rounce, robble, bobble. 
Of ruffe raffc roaring 

with thwicke, thwack, thurlerie, bouncing.]. 
'' [See a full enumeration of the contents of this vol. in thft 
fourth volume of Censura Literaria.']. 



Q55 



STANYHURST. 



Q5d 



was buried in the church of St. Thomas Acres. 
Another on the author's father, James Stanyhurst 
esq; who died at Dubhn 27 Dec. 157.'3, aged 51, 
&c. But as for tlie epitapli of our author, (which 
he should have made while living) none doth 
appear there, neither at Brussels, (as I can yet 
i6l8, learn,) where he died in sixteen hundred and 
eighteen. 1 find one Will. Stanyhurst, who was 
bom in the said city of Brussels, an. 1601, and 
entred into the society of Jesus, in 1()I7, whom I 
suppose to be son to our author R. Stanyhurst. 
He was a comely person, endowed with rare parts, 
and a writer and publisher of several things, as 
a&t. Southwell tells you in his ' Supplement to 
Bib. Soc. Jesu, who aods that the said Stanyhurst 
died in January l6G5. " Contemporary with this 
" Richard Stanyhurst, in University college, was 
" William Adlington, who translated from Latin 
" into English, The eleven Books of the Golden- 
" Ass, containing the Metamorphosu of Lucius 
* Apuleius, &c. Lond. 1596. qu. It is dedicated 
" by the translator to Thomas earl of Sussex, by 
" an epistle dated from University college the I8th 
" of September 1566, in which year the translation 
" was perhaps first published. The said William 
" Adlington hath also an epistle to the reader, 
*' following the epistle dedicatory, containing 
"several matters of Lucius Apuleius; but whe- 
" ther he was a graduate of this university I 
" know not." 

[He (Stanyhurst) went to Antwerp, where he 
profest alchemy, and the philosopher's stone, but 
failing in that, he went afterwards to Spain, and 
as it is said, practised physic. Whalley. 

He married Genet, daughter of sir Christopher 
Barnewal, knight, who died in child-birth, at the 
age of nineteen, August 26, 1579, and was buried 
at Chelsea. At the end of his Virgil, is her epi- 
taph, in Latin, written by her husband. 

Although Stanyhurst's translation of Virgil has 
been amply noticed in Warton's Hist, of iiig/ish 
Poetry, and still more fully in the Censura Lite- 
raria, iv, 225, 354, 385, it is too curious to be 
omitted, and I have accordingly ventured to add 
some few specimens of his singular versification. 
The reader of these volumes will not, it is hoped, 
object to the introduction of the various extracts 
given from our old poets, as I have rarely suffered 
them to extend to any length, unless the volumes 
from which they are transcribed be of such rarity 
as to preclude the probability of their falling in 
the way of the general collector. Stanyhurst's 
Virgil is one of the many instances of the truth 
of what I advance, as I know that a copy was 
sold, not many weeks since, for no less than 
twenty guineas ! and it may be doubted whether 
the reader of these lives could procure one, even 
at that sum, if he were inclined to be the- pur- 
chaser. 

• Edit. Rom. 1675. fol. 



The work was published with the following title, 
Thejirst fonre Bookes of Virgil's jEneis, translated 
into English heroical verse by Richard Stanyhurst, 
with other poetical deuises thereto annexed, 8vo. 
London, Printed by Bynneman, 1583. He thus 
commences : 

I that in old season, wyth reeds oten, harmonye 
whistled 

My rural sonnet; from forrest flitted, I forced 

Thee sulcking swincker thee soile, though crag- 
gic, to sunder; 

(A labor and a trauaile too plowswains hartily 
welcoom,) 

Now manhod and garboils I chaunt, and mar- 
tial horror. 

I blaze thee, captayne, first from Troy cittie 
repairing, 

Lyke wandring pilgrim, to famosed Italic trudg- 
ing. 

And coast of Lauyn, soust wyth tempestuus 
hurlwynd. 

On land, and sayling, by God's predestinate or- 
der. — 
Neptune rebukes the winds. 

What, sirs ? your boldnesse dooth your gentili- 
tie warrant ? 

Daie ye, lo ! curst baretours, in this my seigno- 
rie regal 

Too raise such racks lacks on seas, and danger 
vnorder'd ? 

Wei, sirs ; — but tempest I wil first pacific ra- 
ging- 
Bee sure, this practise wil I nick in a freendly 
memento. 

Pack hence, doggie rakhels, tel your king, from 
me, this errand ; 

Of seas thee managing was neauer alotted his 
empire. 

That charge mee toucheth, but he maystreth 
monsterus hildens. 

Your kennels, good syrs, let your king iEolu>^ 
hautye 

Execut his ruling in your deepe dungeon hardly. 

Thus say'd, at a twinckling thee swelling surges 
he calmed. — 

The second book begins : 

With tcntiue listning cache wight was setled in 
harckning 

Thus father iEneas chronicled from loftie bed 
hautie 

You me bid, O princesse, too scarrifie a fes- 
tered old soare 

How that the Troians wear prest by Grecian 
armie 

Whose fatal miserie my sight hath witnessed 
heauie 

In which sharp bickring myself, as partic, re- 
mained 



257 



STANYHURST. 



GEC. 



258 



What ruter of Dolopans weare so cruel harted 

in liarckning 
What curst Myrmidoues, what kame of canck- 

re<l Vlysses, 
That void of al weeping, could eare so mortal 

an hazard f 

The reader may now form some judgment of 
the merits- of Stanyhurst's translation, which, 
although it certainly hoars no resemblance to the 
style, rarely departs from the sense, of the author. 
Various other instances of his pedantic singularity, 
and even still more lidiculous, may be produced. 

Achates tell Eneas — 
. Thou seest, al cocksure, thy fleete, thy coompa- 
nie salued. 
And after Venus has amended her son's bush 
with trimming, Dido, very politely, invites him to 
her lodgings, where she receives him, not so mo- 
destly, on a bedstead. 

He translates the line, 

Infandum, rcgina, jubes, renovare dolorem. 
You me bid, princesse, too scarrifie a festered 
old soare — 

And we find Dido reviling Eneas, when he is 
about to leave her, in these elegant terms: 

Thou shalt bee punnisht — Il'e with fire swartish 

hop after. 
When death hath vntwined my soule from car- 

cas his holding, 
I wil, as hobgoblin, foloe thee, thou shalt be 

soare handled. 
I shal heare, I doubt not, thy pangs in lymbo 

related. 
Her talek in the mydel, with this last parlye she 

throtled. 

We will conclude with the departure of the 
Trojans from Carthage. 

Thus he sayd, then naked his edgd sword 

Brandisht from the scabard hee drew : the cabil 

he swappeth : 
Al they the like postc haste did make, with 

scarboro scrabbling, 
From the shoare out saile they, thee sea with 

great fleet is hoouel'd, 
Flouds they rake vp spuming, with keele froth 

fomie they furrow. 

Thus much for his Firgil, I will only add one 
of his originals, which in any other form than that 
in which he has disguised it, would not be unplea- 
Bing. 

jin endevovred Description of his Mistresse. 

Nature in her woorking soomtime dooth pinch 
like a niggard. 

Disfiguring creatures, lims with deformitic 
dusking : 

This man is vnioyncted, that swad like a mon- 
ster abideth : 

Vol. II. 



Shee limps in the going, thii ilut with a cam- 

moiscd haucks nose. 
And, as a cow wasted, plods on, with an head 

like a lutecaae. 
Theese faults fond hodipecks impute too Na- 
ture, as if she 
Too frame were not habil gems with rare dig- 

nitie lustring. 
Wherfor in nduis'ment laboring too cancel ai 

old blots, 
And to make a pattcmc of price, thee maistree 

to publish, 
For to shape a peerelesse paragon shec minded, 

asembling 
Her force and cunning, for a spirt lands sundrie 

refusing, 
And, with al, her woorckmats trauailing, she 

lighteth in Holland, 
Rou"d too the Hage posting, to the world Marie 

match Ics auau'cing. 
In body fine fewter'd, abraue Brownnetta, wel 

handled ; 
Her stature is coomly, not an inch to super- 

fluus holding; 
Gratius in visadge, with a quick eye prettily 

glauncing; 
Her lips, like coral, rudie, with teeth lillie whit 

eeu'ned. 
Yoong in age, in manners and nurture sage she 

remaineth; 
Bashful in her speaking; not rash, but watchful 

in aunswer; 
Her looks, her simpring, her woords, with cur- 

tesic swcetnmg. 
Kind, and also moaest; liking with chastitie 

lineking, 
And in al hergestursobseruing coomly decorum. 
But to what eend labor I, me to presse with bur- 
den of /Etna ? 
Thee stars too number, poincts plaiuely vn- 

counctabil o'pningf 
Whust, not a woord ; a silence such a task im- 

possibil askcth : 
Her vertu meriteth more praise than parly can 

vtier.] 

ILDWARD GEE, was a Lancashire man 
born, entred a servitor of Merton coll. in Lent- 
term 1582, aged 17, elected fellow of Brasen- 
nose coll. when he was about two years standing 
in the degree of bach, of arts, and after some 
standing in that of master, was unanimously 
elected proctor of the university 1598. Two years 
after he was admitted bach, of divinity, and in [444] 
1G03 he resigned his fellowship, being about that 
time rector of Tedbourne S. Marice in Devon- 
shire. In 16 1 6, he proceeded in divinity, having 
been before that time made one of the society of 
Chelsea coll. founded by Dr. Matth. Suteliffe,' 

' [On this subject 1 have been favoured with the follow- 
ing original leuer from Lancelot Andrews, bisliop of Ely, lo 
Dr. Gagcr, chancellor of that diocese. The original was for- 

s 



259 



GEE. 



DA VIES. 



260 



Rnd chaplain in ordinary to his majesty. He was salion, generalit3'of learning, gravity of judgment, 
a person well known for his sincerity in conver- and soundness of doctrine. iJe hath written, 

-_ _ ._ . .. .. Steps of Ascension to God: Or, a Ladder to 

Iletiven ; containing Prai/ers and Meditations Jot- 
evert) Day in the H eek, and for all other Times and 



nifrlv in tlie collection of Dr. Grey of Cambridge, and is now 
in the hands of my friend Williani Wilcox, esq. of St. John's 
college, Oxford. 

Ri);ht reverend fTalhcr in God, my vcr)- good L'' and 
brother, 1 have received letters from the kings ma"- , the tenure 
whereof here followelh. 

Right trustie and welbeloved councellor, we greet yon 
well. AVhereas the enemies of the Gospel have ever bin 
forward to wriie and publish bonl;es for confirminj; iheir 
erroneous doctrine, and impu2nin;i llic truth; and now 
of late seeme more careful! then before lo send dayly 
into our realme such their writinfis, whereby our lovmg 
subjects, though otherwise disposed, might be seduced, 
unless some remedy thereof should be provided. We, 
by the advice of our councell, have lalv'ly graunted a 
corporation and given our allowance for ereiiing a col- 
ledge at Chelsey for learned divines to h? imploved to 
write as occasion shall require for maynlcvuing the re- 
ligion professed in our kingdomes, and confuting the im- 
pugners thereof. Whereupon Dr. Sulcliflc designed 
provost of the said coll. hath now humbly signified vnto 
us, that vpon divers promises of help and assistance to- 
wards the erecting and endowing the said colledge, he 
hath, at his own charge, begun and well proceeded in 
the building, as doth suiRciently appeare by a good part 
hereof already sett vp in the place appoynted for the 
same : we therefore being willing to favour and further 
so religious a worke, will and require you to write 
your letters to ye bishops of your pro\ince, signifying 
rnto them, in our name, that our pleasure is, they ucale 
with the clergie and other of their dioceses to give their 
charitable benevolence for the perfecting of this good 
worke so well begunn : and, for the belter performance 
of our desire, we ha>e given order to the said pro\ ost 
and his associates to attend you and others vnto whom it 
may apperteyne, and to certlfie vs from time to time of 
their proceeding. And thus, nothing doubting of your 
care herein, we bid you farewell. Tbetford the fifih of 
May I6l6. 
Now because this is so pious and religious a worke, con- 
ducing both lo God's glorie and the saving of many a soule, 
within this kingdome, I can not but wish, that all devout 
and well-affected persones should both by yourself and by tlie 
preachers in your dioces, as well publickly as otherwise be 
excited to contribute in some measure to so holy an intentle- 
ment now well begun. And although these and the like 
motions haue ben frequent in these latter times, yet let not 
those whom God hath blessed with any welth be weary of 
well doing, that it may not be said, that the idolalrous and 
superstitious Papists be more forward lo advance their false- 
hoods then we are to maynteyne God's truth. Whatsoever 
is collected, 1 pray your LoP may be carefully brought vnto 
me, partly that it passe not through any defrauding hands, 
and partly that his Ma'^''^ may be acquainted what is done in 
this behalfe. And so forbearing to be further troublesome, I 
leave your lordship to the Almightie. From Lambilh, 
December 20. l6l7. 

Yotir very loving brother, 

G. Cant. 
(George Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury.) 
This Letter, and the breefes perteyning to it, I have kept 
by me till Easter was past, and St. Marke's day and May 
Day, to th' end the collec ion may be lesse greevous. Have 
all due care 1 pray of that which is raysed, that we may take 
good account of our trust. And lett me be advertised what 
successe it hath. And I recom'end you to God's blessed keep- 
ing. Ely house, ly'Maij, l6'18. 

Your verie louing frend,^ 

L. Elien. 
To the right wor." my verie loving 
frend Mr. Do.' Gager, chanceler 
of y"^ dioces of Ely at his house 
in Cambridge ad.] 



Olid 
Occasions. — Printed at least 27 times, mostly in a 
manual, or in a vol. called twenty-fours : the 27th 
edit, came out in 1677. 

The Cnrse and Crime of Meroz ; Serm. at an 
assize holden in Exeter, on Jiidg. 5. 23. Lond. 
1620. qu. [Bodl. 4to. II. 32. Th.] 

Sermon of Patience ; Preached at S. Mary's in 
O.Kou. on James 5. 7- Lond. 1620. qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
H. 32. Th.] Both which sermons were published 
by his brethen John and George Gee, ministers, 
w ho had his notes after his death ; which ban- 
ning in Wintcr-tiinc, in sixteen hundred and eigh- 
teen, was buried, as I conceive, in his church at 
Tedbourne before-mentioned. He left behind 
him a widow named Mary, and a son, I think, of 
both his names. See more in John Gee under 
the year 1625. 

[fidwaid Gee was chaplain to lord chancellor 
Egerton, and as such presented by his lordship 
to a prebend in the church of E.xeter, I6l6. 
Tanner.] 

JOHN DAVIES, who writes himself of Here- 
ford, because he was born in that city, was, from 
the grammar school there, sent to this university, 
but to what house of learning therein, I know 
not. After he had remained with us for some 
years, without the taking of a degree, he retired 
for a time to his native country, having then, 
among scholars, the character of a good poet, as 
by those poems, which he then made, and were 
shortly after published, was manifested. Sir John 
Davies, whom I shall mention under the year 
1626, was more a scholar than a lawyer; butthis 
John Davies was inore a poet than a scholar, and 
somewhat enclined towards the law ; which hath 
made some unwary readers take the writings of 
one for the other. But our author finding not a 
subsistance by poetry, he set up for a writing- 
master, first in his own country, and afterwards in 
London, where at length he was esteemed the 
greatest master of his pen that England in his 
age ' beheld, first for fast-writing, (2) fair-writ- 
ing, which looked as if it had been printed, (3) 
close-writing, (4) various writing, as secretary, 
Roman, court and text-hand.* In all which he 

' Tho. Fuller in his IForlMes, in Herefordshire. 

* [At the end of Microcosmos, 1603, are some lines 'in 
love and affection of master John Davies, mine approved good 
friend, and admiration of his excellence in the art of writing,' 
by Nicholas Deeble, among which are the following, which 
give the names of other most celebrated fine writers of foreign 
nations. 

To him, from Paris, moue thine antique station, 
Beauchcne, the perfeclst pen-man of thy nation . 
To him, from Venice, bring those guifts of thine, 
Kenoun'd for wondrous writing, Camerine. 
Warne thou the Romanes, that thou must be gone 
To vi»ile England, curious Curion. 



I61S. 



261 



DA VIES. 



262 



foil. 



lowing 



w.ns exceeded after his death, by one (Jething his 
counU"yjn;iu and scholar. Sometimes he made pret- 
ty excursions into poetry, and could flourish matter 
with his fancy,' as well as letters with his j>en, the 
titles of which do follow, 

• S. Peter's " St.* Peter's Complaint, rcilh other 
Complaint, " Poems, Lond. l.iyj. (ju. before it is 
newly aug- « an epistle of the author to his loving 
ment€(l, with « (jg^^j,, subscribed by a written 
other rocms. ... , ' , . /•> -^ • u ■ 
Lond. in gu. hand, i/our loving Loumn, uobert 
But when " Southwell, but the i'oem was writ- 
printed it ap- " ten by John Davies. ♦ The other 

Come, all at once, that all at once may learne 
To mend your hands, and rightly to (lisccrne 
Between tlieKOod, and most most-excellent! 
Nor will (perhaps) your travaile be mispent, 
Silh each, in 's native hand, may gain perfection, 
Uy practising his counsell and direction. 

' [Freeman seems to allude to Davies in the 
epigram. Rub. (Sf a Great Cast, lCl4, Kpig. 76. 

In Thuscum. 
Thnscus writes faire, without blurre or blot. 
The raseall'st rimes were ever read, G<xl wot! 
No marvell — many with a 8w,nn's quill write. 
That can but with a goose's wit endite.] 

♦ [Wood is undoubtedly wrong. These poems were writ- 
ten by Robert Southwell, nor has Davies the slightest ciaim 
to thein. 

The copy, which formerly belonged to our author, 1 have, 
at length, discovered to be preserved in Jesus college library. 
It is the first edition. Saint Peters Complaint, v;ith other 
Poemes. London, Imprinted hy John tVolfe, 15().'), 4to. In 
the same library are also, 1 . i'aj;j/ Peter's Complaint, newly 
augmented. IViih other Poems. London, Printed iy II L. 
for William Leake; and are to ie sold at his shop in Paules 
chmch-yard, at the siane of the Holy Ghost, 4to, without 
date. This contains, in addition to the poems enumerated 
by Wood. 21. A Phansie turned to a Smner's Complaint. 
22. Dauid's Peccaui. 23. Sinnes heauie Loade. 23. Jo- 
seph's Amazement. 24. New Prince, new Pompe. 25. The 
burning Babe. 26. New Heauen, new Warre. 

2. Moeonice, or certain excellent Poems and spirituall 
Uymnes : omitted in the last hiipresiion of Peter s Complaint ; 
being needefull thereunto to le annr.rrd, as being both Diuine 
and ^Fittee. All composed by It. S. London, Printed by 
Valentitie SimsJ'or Johti Butbie, 15<)5. 

3. The Triumphs over Death : or A Consolatorie Epistle, 
for afflicted Minds in the Affects of dying Friends. First 

written for the Consolation of one, but now published for the 
generall Good of all, by li. S. the Authnur of S. Peter's 
Complaint, and Maoniw his other Ilymnes. London, Printed 
by (Valentine Simmes for John Busbte, and are to be sold at 
Sicholus Lin'^'s shop ut the IFest End of Paules Church, 
JAQO. 

In two copies of verses and a poetical dedic. to Edw. Cici- 
lie, and Anne Rich. Sackuile, the hopefull issues of that ho- 
nourable gentleman matster Robert Sackuile, esq. by John 
Trusscll, Southwell is expressly named as the author, and 
there can be no reasonable doubt of his claim. Where Wood 
obtained his incorrect information I cannot learn. 

In the Bodleian rsvo. I). 47. Th ) we have St. Peter's 
Compluintc, Mary Magdal. Teares, u ith other Workes of 
the Auihor, R. S. London, Printed for W. Barrett, 1<J20. 

Tlie following are transcribed from the first edition : 

From Fortune's Reach. 

Let fickle Fortune runne her blindest race, 

I settled hnue an vnreinoued mind ; 
I scorne lo be the game of Phansie's chase. 



M*fy 



" poems mentioned in the title that pear 1 not. If^iih 

" follow after St. Peter's Complaint ">" 

" are,(l) Mary Magdalen'k blush. (8) "p"? 

" Mary Magdalen's complaint at Magd 

" Christ'8 death. (.S) Times go by and iherrfort 

" turns. (4) Look home. (5) For- In'PPotetwts 

" ttine's felshood. (<j) Scorn not the "■■■""" 7 "^ 

,, , _v rT>i V • • !• rt\ ■ same hand. 

" leost. v7) I he Nativity of Christ. Fi„t edit 
" (8) Christ's childhood. (9) A child 
" my choice. (10) Content and rich. (II) Lo«« 
"in delays. (12) Love's servile lot. (l.S) Life 
" is but loss. (14) I die alive. (15) What joy 
"to hve. (Ifi) Life's death loves life. (17) At 
" home in Heaven. (18) Lewil love is lo«s. 
" (19) Love's garden grief. (40) From fortune's 
" reach." 

Minim in Modum. A Glimpse ofGod't Glory 
and the Soul's Shape. Lond. I(j02, 4to. and 16 16. 
Oct. a poem. 

Microcosmus. The Discovery of the little 
World, with the Government thereof. Ox. 1603. 
qu. a poem, f Bodl.4to. D. ,3. Art. BS.] Usher'd 
into tiie world by the verses of Jo. Sanford of 
Magd. coll. Charles Fitz-Geffry of Broadgate's 
and Rob. Burhill of C. C. coll. Which last 
wonders why Davies our author, who was lately 
(as he saith) ' Oxoniae vates,' should write him- 
self of Hereford, as if Oxon was a disgrace to 
him.^ 

The holy Roode, or Christ's Crosse, containing 
Christ crucified, described in speaking Picture. 
Lond. Kjoy. qu. [a poem]. 

Sonnets — printed with the former poem, and 
both contained in 10 sheets. 

Humours Heavat on Earth, with the civil Wars 
of Death and Fortune, &c. London I6O9. A poem 
in oct. 

Or vtaine to shew the chaunge of euery winde. 
Light giddie humors stinted to no rest. 
Still cnaunge their choyce, yet neuer chose the best. 

Mv choyse was guided by fore-sightfidl heede. 

It was auerred with approuing will ; 
It shal be followed with performing deed. 

And scal'd with vow, till death the chooser kilL 
Yea death, though finall date of vainc desires. 
Elides not my choyse which wlh no time expires. 

To beautic's fading blisse I am no thrall ; 

I bury not my thoughts in mettall mynes; 
I aiine not at such fame as feareth fal ; 

I seeke, and tind a light, that euer shines, 
Whose glorious beames display such hcjuealy sighted 
As yeeld my soule a summc of all delights. 

Mv light lo loue, mv loue lo lyfc doth miyde. 
To life that Hues by loue, and louetli light: 

By loue to one lo whom all loues are tyde 
By dcwest debt, and neuer equall right. 

Eyes light, hen's loue, soulc's truest life lie is, 

Consorting in three ioycs one perfect blisse.] 

» [Thereare also commendatory verses by Nicholas Derble, 
John James, T R , Doughis Castilion, Charles Fitz-Jefl'ry, 
Nathauad Tutukin^, his brother Richard Davies and Eit. 
Lap worth.] 

S 2 . 



[445] 



Q63 



DAVIES. 



264 



1618. 



The Triumph of Death, or the Picture of the 
Plague according to the Life, as it was in An. 
1603. — Printed with Humours Heaven and Earth, 
&c. 

Wit's Pilgrimage (by poetical Essays) through 
a World oj amorous Sonnets, Soul- Passions and 
other Passages, Divine, Philosophical, and Poeti- 
cal. Lond. in a pretty thick qu. but not expressed 
when printed. — 'Tis dedicated to Philip, earl of 
Montgomery. [See British Bibliographer, vol. ii. 
pa^e 247, &c.] 

Muse's Sacrifice, or divine Meditations. Lond. 
I6l2. in tw. [See Censura Literaria, vol. i. 
page 40, &C.J 

The Muse's Tears for the Loss of their Hope ; the 
heroic and never too much praised Henry, Prince of 
Wales. Lond. 1613. qu. [Bodl. 4to. P. 35. Th.] 

Time's Sobs for his (Pr. Hen.) untimely Loss, 
with Epitaphs. — Printed with The Muse's fears. 

Consolatory Straim to wrest Nature from her 
Vent in immoderate Weeping. — Printed with that 
also. 

Eclogues. Lond. 16 14. oct. They are at the 
end of The Shepard's Pipe, written by Will. 
Brown of the Inner-Temple. [Bodl. 8vo. T. 21. 
Art.] 

j4 select second Husband for Sir Tho. Overbury's 
Wife, now a matchless Widow. Lond. I6l6. oct. 
Dedic. to Will. E. of Pembroke. [See Censura 
Literaria, v. 367.'] 

Elegies on the Death of -x Printed with the for- 
Sir Tho. Overbury. > mer Book l6l6. oct. 

Speculum Proditori. J [Bodl.Svo. O. 34.Th.] 

Several copies of verses of his are also pub- 
hshcd in other books, as a large copy before Ph. 
Holland's translation of Canibden's Britannia, 
another in the Odcombian Banquet, another be- 
fore Speed's Chronicle, and in divers other books, 
&c.* He died about the year sixteen hundred 
and eighteen, and was buried, as one ' tells us, 
within the precincts of S. Giles's ch. in the fields, 
near Lond. I find one Joh. Davies, gent, to have 
lived in the parish of S. Martin in the fields, who 
dying in the beginning of July (or thereabouts) 
in I6l8, was buried near to the body of Mary, his 
sometimes wife, in the church of St. Dunstan in 
the West. Whether the same with the poet I 
cannot justly tell, because my author here quoted 
(Tho. Fuller) saith, but upon what authority I 
know not, that he was buried at S. Giles's in tlie 
fields. One John Dunbar, a Latin poet of Scot- 
land, hath an * epigram on J. Davies the poet, 
which may serve for an'epitaph, wherein he tells 
us that he was another Martial, and that he out- 
stript in poetry Sam. Daniel, Josh. Silvester the 

• [We may add to these lines prefixed to Withers and 
Browne's Shepheard's Pipe, l6l4, and to Gwillim's Display 
of Hcraldrie, edit. l638.] 

' Th. Fuller. 

• In Epigrammat. ib. edit. Lond, l6l6. in oct. cent. 3. 
nu. SO. 



merchant adventurer, &c. " See more of Robert 
" Southwell, in my discourse of William War- 
" ner." 

[Add to Davies : 

1. Sunt a Totalis, or all in all, and the same for 
ever: or an Addition to Mirum in Modum. Lond. 
1607. 4to. a poem. 

2. Bien Venn. Create Britaines Welcome to hir 
greate Friends and deere Brethren the Danes, 
Lond. l606. 4to. a poem. Loved ay. 

A1.S0, 

JVits Bedlam, 

Where is had 

Whipping Cheer to cure the mad. 

Lond. 1617, 8vo. An account of this book 
will be found in the British Bibliographer, ii. 
262. 

The Scourge of Folly, co7isisting of satyrical Epi- 
grams, and others in honor of many noble and wor- 
thy Persons of our Land. Lond. Svo. without 
date. With this was printed' 

A Scourge for Paper Persecutors : or 
Paper's Complaint, compil'd in ruthfull rimes, 
Against the Paper spoilers of these times : 

Which appeared in 4to. London lG2o, separately, 
and which Wood conjectures, in another part of 
this work, to have been John Donne's compo- 
sition. 

See a long extract from Davies's Funeral Elegy 
on Mrs. Elizabeth Dutton, in the Censura Litera- 
ria, vol. ix, page 173, in wiiich the author gives 
some lamentable proofs of his distrcs.sed situation. 
Poverty and suffering, he there tells us, had 
turned his locks grey before he was five and 
thirty. 

Wood was wrong in supposing, that Davies was 
a member of the university of Oxford, since he 
only repaired thither in his professional capacity of 
a writing master. At the end of liis Microcosmos 
are several sonnets addressed to persons of rank, 
&c: (much in the manner of Lok) among others, 
one 

To my much honored and intirely beloued patro' 
nesse the most famous vnivcrsitie oJ Oxford. 

To mount aboue ingratitude (base crime) 
With double lines of single-twisted rime, 
1 will (though needlesse) blaze the sun-bright 

praise 
Of Oxford, where I spend some gaining dales : 
Who entertaincs me with that kind regard, 
That my best words her worst deedes should 

reward : 
For, like a lady full of roialtie, 
Shee giues me crownes for my characterie. 

» [So T. P. (Thomas Park) in Censura Literaria, vi, 275- 
I have never yet seen The Scourge of Folly. A full account 
of the volume will, however, be found in the British Biblio- 
grapher, vol. ii. p. 256, &c.] 



265 



THOMPSON. 



STL C LEY. 



'ie0 



Her pupils crownc inc for directing them, 
Whore hkc a king I line without a reahne. 
They praise my precepts, and my icssos learne, 
So doth the worse the better wel governc. 
But, Oxford, O I praise thy situation, 
Passing Pernassus, muse's habitation! 
Tiiy bougii-deckt, dainty walkes, with brooks 

beset, 
Fretty, like christall knots, in mould of iet. 
Thy sable soile's like Guian's golden ore. 
And gold ityeelds, manur'd, no mould can more. 
The pleiisant plot wlicre thou hast footing found, 
For all it yeelds, is yelkc of English ground. 
Thy stately colleges, like princes courtes. 
Whose gold-embossed, high-cmbattl'd ports. 
With all the glorious workmanshippe within. 
Make strangers deem, they haue in Heaven bin, 
When out they come from those celestial places, 
Amazing them with glorie, and with graces. 
But, in a word, to say how [much] I like thee 
For place, for grace, and for sweet companee, 
Oxford is Heav'n, if Hcav'n on eaith there 
be. 

From two subsequent sonnets, it seems that the 
members of Magdalen college were his particular 
patrons. 

There is a head of Davies prefixed to his j4na- 
tomy of fair Writing, 4to. 1631.] 

THOMAS THOMPSON, a very noted 
preacher in the time he lived, was born in the 
county of Cumberland, wedded to the muses in 
Queen's coll. in Mich, term 1589, aged 15, 
made a poor serving child of that house in the 
year following, afterwards tabarder, and in 99 
fellow, being then master of arts. About that 
time, addicting his mind severely to the studies of 
the superiour faculty, became a noted disputant, 
schoolman, and very familiar with the fathers. 
At length leaving the coll. about the time he was 
admitted bach, of div. (which was 1609,) he be- 
came one of the public preachers in the city of 
Bristol, and minister of S. Thomas's church there, 
where he was much followed and admired for his 
edifying and orthodox doctrine. Afterwards 
leaving that city, in 1612, (upon what account I 
know not) he became minister in the town and 
liberties of Montgomery in Wales,' where, if I 
mistake not, he continued till the time of his 
death. He hath written and published, 

Concio ad Clenim de Clavibus Regni Ccelorum, 
habita, pro forma, Oxoii. in TempJo B. Maria 
16 Feb. An. iGog. in Matth.Ui. Fer. 19. Lond. 
I6l<2. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. H. 80. Th.] 

De Votis Monasticis. Theses disputatee sub Pre- 
sidio Tho. Holland Reg. Prof Printed with the 
former Latin sermon. 

' [On the recommendation of sir Edward Herbert, lord 
chancellor Egerton, presented him to the rectory of Mont- 
gomery. Tanner.] 



Besides tiicsc two things, he hath, several tct- [446] 
mons in English, as (1) A Diet for a Drunkard, 
in two sermons in the church of S. Nich. in Bris- 
tol, on Esther 1. 8. Lond. I6l2. ciu. [Bodl. 4to. 
M. 28. Th.] (2) Friendly farewell to a faithful 
Flock, taken in a sermon preached in St. rhomos 
church in Bristol, on Easter Tuesday, 6 April 
1612, on 2 Cor. 13. ver. 14. Lond. I6l6. (|u. 
[Bodl. 4to. A. 73. Th.] (.<!) Antichrist arraigned; 
Sermon at Paul's Cross, on I Joh. 2. 18, 19, 20. 
Lond. 1618. c|u. [Bodl. 4to. P. 61. Th.] (4) The Clar. 
Trial of Guides by the Touchstone of Teachers, &c. '"'*• 
Serm. on Luke 6. .39,40. Lond. 16I8. i\u. [Bodl. 
4to. J'. 61. Th.] dedicated to Uichard, bisliop of 
St. As<ipli, his patron. These arc all that I have 
seen going under his name, and all lliat I yet 
know of the author. 



" LEWIS STUCLEY or Stukeley was born 
" of a genteel family in Devonshire, became a 
" gent. com. of Broadgate's hall, in the year 1588, 
" aged 14 years, at wliich time he was matricu- 
" lated an esquire's son, left it without a degree, 
" retired to his patrimony, was knighted, became 
" a man of note, and vice-admiral of his county ; 
" in which office he shew'd himself false, as 'tis 
" said, when sir Walt. Raleigh came under his 
" custody. See more in what I have said of 
" that knight, in this vol. under the year 1618. 
" Under sir L. Stukely's name, I find these things 
" following, 

" His Petition and Information touching hit 
" own Behaviour in the Charge committed unto 
" him for the bringing up of Sir IValt. Raleigh, 
" and the scandalous Aspersions cast upon him for 
" the same. — l*rintcd in 1618. in qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
" L. 66. Art.] 

" His Apology— \\\c original of this, under his 
" own hand, I have seen in the Ashmolean mu- 
" sapum, and hath this beginning, ' I know full 
" well that all actions of men,' 8ic. It is writ in 
" excuse of himself for what he had done relating 
" to sir W^alt. Raleigh. Of the same faiuily of 
" this Lewis Stucley, was Tho.Stucley, a j'ounger 
" brother of his name living near llfercombc in 
" Devonshire, a person of some parts, but vain, 
" defam'd througliout most parts of Christendom, 
" and a meer braggadocio, who, after he had spent 
" his estate, and committed several notable pira- 
" cies, he went to Rome, became great with P. 
'.' Pius 5. who, upon great promises made to him 
" of reducing Ireland to the Romish see, made 
" him marquis of Leicester, furnished him with 
" 800 soldiers to be paid by the K. of Spain for 
" his expedition, which proved vain. Afterwards 
" we went with Sebastian, K. of Portugal, and 
" two Morish kings into Africa, where, in the 
" battle of Alcazar, their army was defeated, and 
" Stucley lost his life, about the year, as some 
" say, 1578. I have by me a little book printed: 
" in an English character, eiitit. The famous His- 



Clar, 

ItiiS. 



267 



JACKSON. 



[NEWMAN.] 



DANIEL. 



268 



" ton/ of Stout Stucley ; or, his valiant Life and 
" Death. At tlie end of which is a ballad on 
" him, to the tune of K. Henry's going to 
" Bulloin: the beginning of which is this: 

In England in the West, 

Where Phoebus takes his rest, 
There lusty Stucley he was born ; 

By birth he was a clothier's son, 

Deeds of wonder he hath done, 
Which with lasting praise his name adorne, Sic. 

" See also The Battle of Alcazar, fought in Bar- 
" ban/, betzceen Sebastian, King of Portugal, and 
*' Abdelmelec, K. of Morocco; with the Death of 
" Capt. Stucley. — Lond. 1594. qu." 

" ABRAHAM JACKSON a Devonian bom, 
" and a minister's son, became either a sojourner 
" or batler of Exeter coll. an. l607, aged 18 years, 
" and took the degrees in arts, that of master 
" being conipleated, as a member of Ch. Ch. an. 
" 16 16. I take this person to be the same Abr. 
" Jackson, who, while he was bach, of arts, was 
" a retainer to the family of John lord Har- 
" rington, and when master of arts, preacher of 
" God's word at Chelsea near London, and author 
« of, 

" Sorrow's Lenitive. Lond. I6l4. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
" N. 15. Th.] 'Tis a poem written upon occasion 
" of the death of that hopeful and noble young 
" gentleman John lord Harrington, baron of 
" Exton, who dying 27 Feb. I6l3, was buried at 
" Exton in Rutlandshire, on the last day of March 
" 1614.^ 

* [This poem, which consists only of two sheets and a 
half, is perhaps as rare as any piece of the same date. It is 
dedicated to the lady Lucy, countess of Bedford, and the lady 
Anne HarrinWon, and the autfioE gives us to understand, 
that he has addressed them before in some >vork of the same 
nature : ' Your fauourable acceptiince of my poore endea- 
uours, in an office of the like nature, hath animated mee 
againe to, put pen to paper, with a puroose to lencfie that bit- 
ter pill of passion (which naturall affection hath once more 
caused you to swallow) with the sweet iulip of consola- 
tion,' &c. He commences. 

When awlesse Death, with poyson-pointed dart. 
Had pierc't Fame's fauouritc, young /{arringlon, 
That plant of honour, through his gen' rous hart; 
Two mournfull ladies, in affection one, 
(His wofull mother, and his sister deerc) 
From troubled thoughts, shed torrents christall cleere: 

And, as a day-long-labouring husband- man 
That with heart-fatting ioy doth feast his eyes. 
To see his full-car'd corn (with Zephyr's fanne) 
Blowne on to ripenesse, if a storme arise 

That with sterne blasts destroyes the forward graine. 
Sits downe and wailes the losse of his long pame. 

Or, as a merchant, standing on the shore. 

His long absented ship doth new behold 

Em ring the haucn's mouth, full fraught with store 

Of Orient pearle, and purest Indian gold ; 
If, in his sight, the vessell suffer wracke, 
Straines out with crycs, till heart with sorrow cracke : 

So did the wofull lady Harrington, 

'When she was reft of hiin that was her ioy. 



" Several sermons, as (1) God's Call for Man's 
" Heart, on Prov. 23. 26. Lond. I6l8. oct. [Bodl. 
" 8vo. C. 172. Th.] And others. 

" I find one Abrah. Jackson to be author of 
" The pious Prentice : or, the Prentice's Piety. 
" Wherein is declared, how they that intend to be 
" Prentices, mat/ ( 1 ) Rightly enter into that Call- 
" ing. (2) Faithfulli/ abide in it,'is.c. Lond. 1640. 
" in tw. [Bodl. '8vo.'G.40. Th.] but whether this 
" Abr. Jackson be the same with the former, I 
" cannot tell. Qu." 

[ARTHUR NEWMAN is entitled to a place 
under this year as author of 

The Bible Bearer, by A. N. sometimes of Tri- 
nity College in Oxford. Lond. 1607, 4to. 

Of the author 1 can discover no particulars, as 
his name does not occur in the matriculation 
books of the university, and his treatise aflbrds no 
information whatever as to his county or situa- 
tion. It appears that he left Trinity college in 
the year l6l8, as his caution money was returned 
to him in that year,' from which time we are left 
in perfect ignorance of his fate.] 

SAMUEL DANIEL, the most noted poet and 
historian of his time, was born of a wealthy fa- 
mily tin Somersetshire, and at 17 years of age, in 
1579, became a commoner of Magd. hall, where 
he continued about three years, and improved 
himself much in academical learning by the bene- 
fit of an excellent tutor. But his geny being 
more prone to easier and smoother studies, than 
in pecking and hewing at logic, he left the uni- 
versity without the honour of a degree, and ex- 
ercised it much in English history and poetry, of 
which he then gave several ingenious specimens. 
After his departure, I find nothing memorable of 
him for several years, only that at about 23 years 
of age he translated into English V'Ae u^orthy Tract 
of Paulus Jovius, contayning a Discourse of rare 
Inventions both military and amorous called Im- 

Her loue, her life, her decre and onely sonne. 
Her case in mourning, comfort in annoy. 

Her greatest solace in her most di^tress, 

Her curing cordiall in heauinesse. 

The poet goes on to point the feelings of the mother and 
sister of the deceased, and records their lamentations at tlie 
visitation with which they had been inflicted. He then 
sum ms up the virtues and accomplishments of the youngnoble- 
man, and enforces the necessity of submission to the decrees 
of Providence. 

And you, sad ladies, that are clad in blacke, 
Best suting with those weights that sorrow feeds. 
Think what this worthy hath, and what yon lack. 
And you wil find your own case wants such weeds: 
For, mortall, you in cares do draw your breath, 
Iminortall he, needes none to waile his death.] 

' [From an entry in the Bursar's Book of Trinity college, 
communicated to nic by the rer. J.Ingram, fellow of tliat 
house, and late Saxon professor.] 

♦ [Near Taunton, according to Fuller, who says that his 
father was a 'master of music' tVorlhies, in Somerset, 
p. 28.] 



[447] 



Clar. 
I6l8. 



269 



DANIEL. 



270 



prese. Lond. 1585. oct. To which he hatli put an 
ingenious preface of" his own writing. lie was 
afterwards, for his merits, made gentleman extra- 
ordinary, and afterwards one of the grooms, of 
the privy-chanibcr to Anne, the queen consort of 
king .lames 1. who being for tlie most part a fa- 
vourer and cncourager of liis muse, (as she was 
of Jo. Florio, who married Sam. Daniel's sister,) 
and many times delighted with his conversation, 
not only in j)rivate, but in public, was, partly for 
those reasons, held in esteem by the men of that 
age, for his excellencies in poetry and history, 
and partly in this respect, tliat * in ' writing the 
history of English affairs, whether in prose or 
poetry, he had the happiness to reconcile brevity 
with clearness, ([ualities of great distance in other 
siuthors.' This is the opinion of a late author; 
but one* who lived in Samuel Daniel's time tells 
us, that ' his works contain somewhat a flat, but 
yet withal a very pure and copious English, and 
words as warrantable as any man's, and fitter 
perhaps for prose than measure.' Our author 
Daniel had also a good faculty in setting out a 
mask or play, and was wanting in nothing that 
might render him acceptable to the great and in- 
genious men of his time, as to sir Joh. Harrington 
tlie poet, Camden the learned, ? sir Rob. Cotton, 
sir tl. Spelman, Edm. Spencer, Ben. Johnson, 
John Stradiing, little Owen the epigrammatist,' 
&c. " Spencer, as 1 have been ' informed, was 
" poet laureat to queen Elizabeth. When he 
" died, Samuel Daniel succeeded him, and him 
" Ben. Johnson, and Ben. Johnson sir \Vill. Davc- 
" nant, and sir Will. Davenant John Dryden 
" 1668, and John Dryden Thomas Shadwell 1689, 
" and Thomas Shadwell, Tate. See what is said 
" of Samuel Daniel in the Latin copy in ' Mag- 
" dalen-hall, in Histori/ and Antiquities of the 
" Universiti/ of Oxford, lib. 2. p. 311." He, 
" Samuel ])aniel," hath written. 

The Complaint of liosamorid. Lond. [1592] 

' Fuller in his Worthies, in Somersetsh. 

* The nameless author of Ilypcrcritua: or, a Rule of 
Judgment for IVriling or Reading our llisluries, MS. in my 
library. Address. 4 sect. 3. [Edmund Bolton.] 

' [Camden styles him the English Lucan.] 

' [ Francis Davison addressed an encomiastic tril)ute to 
Daniel, which is printed in the Poetical Ra/modie, iCll. 
and other commendatory compliments ajipeared in Barne- 
field's Poems, I098. Bastard's Chrestoteros, I5gs. Fitz- 
gcffr)''s Affanicr, l(JOI. The Return from Parnassus, ItJoO'. 
Freeman's Epigrams, l6l4. and Hayman's Quodlibels, l628. 
Sir John Harrington has an epigram ' to his good friend Mr. 
.Samuel Daniel, book ii, 32, and the following lines are 
found in Audoeni Epigrammata Edit. l633, p. Cg. 

Ad. Sam. Daniel, poetam. 

Cui calamum Iractus dcxtra, gladiumque sinistra. 
Est tibi Mars loevus, de.xler Apollo tuus ] 

» [By Mr. Ed. Joyner. flood's MSS. in Mus. Ashm.'] 
' [Mr. Loveday points out the confusion of this passage, 
and judiciously proixjses that we should read ' in the Latin 
copy of the History, &c. under the article of Magdalcn- 
hair.] 



1594, [oct.] 98, [qu. 1605. 7. 9.] I6II. [oct.] 
antl 23. qu. [with] 

VarioHi Sonnets to Delia. — Wherein, as Par- 
thenius Nicicus did excellently sing the praises of 
Arete, so our author in this piece, hath divinely 
sonneted the matchless beauty of liis Delia.* 

Tragedif of Cleopatra. Lond. 1594, [tw.] 98. 
[99] i\\x.[Wn fol. lfj05. 1611. tw. 162;). 4to.] 

Of the Civil Wars between the Houses of Lan- 
caster and York. Lond. 1604, [I609.] oct. and in 
1623. qu. Written in eighth books in verse, witl» 
his picture before them. 

Tilt Vision of the Twelve Goddesses, presented iit 
a Mask, &c. Lond. 1604. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. L. Ki. 
Art. B.S.] and 1623, qu. Some copies have it, 
The Wisdom of the Twelve Goddesses in a Mask at 
llampton-Couit. 8 Jan. 

Panegj/ric congratulatory delivered to K. James 
at Burleigh Harrington in Rutlandshire. Lond. 
[1603. twl] 1604, and 23. qu. 

Epistles to various great Personages in Verse. [448] 
Lond. 1601, [l603.] and 23. qu. 

Musophiliis, containing a general Defence of 
Learning. — Printed with the former, [and in 1599, 
qu.] 

Tragedy of Phihtas. Lond. [1605, 1607,] l6n, 
&c. oct. 

Hymen's Triumph. A pastoral trag.-com. pre- 
sented at the queen's court in the Strand, at her 
majesties magnificent entertainment of the king's 
majesty, being at the nuptials of the lord Roxbo- 
rough. Lond. 1623. qu. second edit. 

Musa, or a Defence of liltime. Lond. [l603. 
fol. and Oct.] I6II. oct. 

The Epistle of Octavia to M. Antonius. Lond. 
[1599. 1602. 1605.] 1611. oct. 

The First Part of the History of England, in 3 
Books. Lond. I6l3. qu. [Bodl. 4to. S. 42. Art.] 
reaching to the end of king Stephen, in prose. 
To which afterwards he added a second part, 
reaching to the end of K. Ed. 3. — Lond. 16 18, 
21, 23, and l6;34. fol. continued to the end of K. 
Rich. 3. by Joh. Trussel, sometimes a Winchester 
scholar, afterwards a trader and alderman of that 
city. — Lond. 1638. fol. &c. Which Trussel did 
continue in writing a certain old MS. belongingr 
to the bishops of Win ton, containing,, as itwere^ 

* [This passage is copied from Meres' Witt Trrasuru„ 
licjs. The Sloan .MS. 39-t2 (see Ayscough's Cat. p. 842,) in 
the British museum, contains forly-six of Daniel's Sonnets, 
and appears to have been a transcript or coeval copy of the 
second edition of Delia in 15<)4, which comprises fifty-five 
soniieti. Twenty-seven of Daniel's Sonnets were first printed 
in 1591, 4to. with the Astrophel and Stella of sir Philip Sid- 
ney : fifty were printed in the edition of laQS; fifty-five in 
that of 1^94, (witli one omission.) The editions of 1592and 
4 arc both inscribed to Mary, countess of Pembroke, but the 
dedication of that in 1392 is prose, whilst that in 1594 tikes 
the form of a sonnet. Park.] 

^ [Of these ' the first fowre bookes' were printed, in two 
editions, by P. Short, for S. VVaterson, 1595, 4lo. A fifth 
book was added iit an impression of 1599, ^ sixth, in lCiU2^ 
and two others in iCoy. Rits-m, Bill. Poet. p. 179.] 



271 



DANIEL. 



272 



an history of the bishops and bishoprick, which 
continuation was made by him to bisliop Curie's 
time. He also wrote, A Description of the Ctty 
of Winchester, with an historicnl Relation oj divers 
memorable Occurrences touching the same. fol. 
Also a preamble to the same. Of the Origin 
of Cities in general. MS. Sam. Daniel also 
wrote, • 

The Queen's Arcadia. A pastoral trag.-com. 
presented to her majesty and her ladies, by the 
university of Oxon. in Christ Church, in Aug. an. 
1605. Lond. [1606. tw. 1611.] 1623. qu. 

Funeral Poem on the Death of the Earl of Devon. 
Lond. [1611. tw.] 1623. qu. Towards the end of 
our author's life, he retired * to a country-farm 
which he hadat Beckington ncarto Philips-Norton 
in Somersetshire,^ (at, or near to, which place he 
was born,) where, after he had enjoy'd the muses 
and religious contemplation * for some time with 
very great delight, surrendered up his soul to him 
•6l9' that gave it, in sixteen hundred and nineteen, 
and was buried in the church of Beckington be- 
fore mentioned. On the wall over his grave was 
this inscription afterwards put: — Here lies, ex- 
pecting the second coming of our Lord and Saviour 
Jesus Christ, the dead body of Samuel Daniel, 
esq.; that excellent poet and historian, who was 
tutor to the lady Anne Clifford in her youth, she 
that was daughter and heir to George Clifford 
earl of Cumberland, who in gratitude to him, 
erected this monument in his memory, a long 
time after, when she was countess dowager of 
Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery. — He died 
in Oct. an. 1619. By the way it must be noted 
that this Anne countess of Pembroke was the 
same person who lived like a princess, for many 
years after, in Westmorland, was a great lover 
and encourager of learning and learned men, 
hospitable, charitable to the poor, and of a most 
generous and public temper. She died 22 Mar. 
1675, aged 87,' or thereabouts, and was buried 
under a splendid monument, which she in her 
life-time had erected, in the church of Appleby 
in Westmorland. It must be also farther noted, 
that there was one Samuel Daniel, master of arts, 
who published a book entit. Archiepincopal Prio- 
rity instituted by Christ ; printed an. 1642; [Bodl. 
AA. 2. Th. Seld.] and another, if I am not mis- 
taken, called. The Birth, Life and Death of the 



* [Whilst in London he rented a small house and garden in 
Old-street, where he composed most of his dramatic pieces. 
Lan^baine, Dram. Poets.] 

5 [Fuller says ' near the Devizes, in Wiltshire.' fforthirs, 

* [Sam. Daniel being for the most part in animo Catholi- 
cus, was at length desired to shew himself openly a Roman- 
Catholic ; but he denied, because that when he died he 
should not be buried in Westminster Abbey, and lie interred 
there like a Roman-Catholic. Woon, MS. in mus. Ashm.] 

' [She was born in Skipton Castle, in Craven, Jan. 20. 
1589. Dugdale, Baronage. 1. 34C] 



Jewish Unction. But whether he was of the uni- 
versity of Oxon I cannot yet find. 

[It has not been noticed, that Samuel 
Daniel's will is preserved in the prerogative 
court of Canterbury (N" 12, Soane), which was 
made the 4 Sep. 1619, and proved the 1st Teb. 
1620. In this testament he appointed his bro- 
ther, John Daniel (a musician of eminence, 
whose life will be found in Hawkins's History of 
Musick), his sole executor; and Simon Water- 
son, a well-known bookseller, and John Phillipes, 
his brother-in-law, the overseers of his will. He 
becjueaths to Susan Boure a bed and furniture, 
ana all such linen as he shall leave at his house at 
Ridge, and several ten pounds to other Boures, 
who may be supposed to have been his rela- 
tions. 

It has not been hitherto observed by the edi- 
tors of the Biographia Dramatica that Daniel's 
pastoral was originally called Arcadia Reformed. 
The following account is found in Preparations 
for the King's Reception at Oxford, Aug. 1603. — 
Veneris, 30 Aug. l605. 

There was an English play acted in the same 
place (St. Maries church) before the queene and 
young prince, with all the ladies and gallants 
attending the court. It was performed by Mr. 
Daniell, and drawn out of Fidm Pastor, which was 
sometimes acted by King's coUegemen at Cam- 
bridge. I was not there present, but by report 
it was well acted, and greatlie applauded. It was 
called ' Arcadia Reformed.' It is worth remark- 
ing, from the same authority, that the play began 
about six in the morning. 

In Rymer's Fadera is found a patent granted 
to Daniel for the exclusive printing of his History 
of England duv'mg the term often years. Vol. xvii. 
p. 72. 

His salary as groom of the chamber to the 
queene was sixty pounds per annum. 

I am not prepared to call out 'clubs!' when 
I express my inability to account for the con- 
tempt which Ben Jonson appears to have enter- 
tained for Daniel. In his conversation with 
Drummond, Jonson spoke of Daniel as being 
' no poet ;' and in Every Man in his Humour he 
introduces Clement reading a parody of the two 
first lines of Daniel's first sonnet to Delia ' to 
make them, as he says, absurder than they were.' 
Daniel was not without admirers : Camden says, 
that Rosamond was eternized by master Daniel's 
muse; and Nash, in his Piers Penilssie's Suppli- 
cation to the Devil, observes that ' some dull- 
headed divines deenie it no more cunning to 
write an excellent poeme than to preache pure 
Calvin, or distill the juice of a commentary into 
a quarter sermon : — but, he adds, you shall find 
there goes more exquisite paynes and puritie of 
wit to the writing of one such rare poem as Rosa- 
mond than to a hundred of your dimistical ser- 
mons.' Folio 17. 4to. 1592. Gilchrist. 



273 



DANIEL. 



PANKE. 



'274 



Daniel's Poems were collected and published 
in IfiOl. fol. (Bodl. CC. 23. Art.) and by his bro- 
ther in H)23. (Bodl. 4to. P. 60. Art.) They were 
reprinted with the Defence of Uhyine,* in 2 vol. 
Lond. 1718. 8vo. Besides the pieces already 
noticed, Daniel wrote » Tethys' lestival, or the 
Qtieene's Wake, acted at Whitehall, June 5, 
1610. 4to. and Panegj/iic c/ ngratu/aloiy to A. 
James 1. M.S. Reg. 18 A Ixxii. Detached verses 
by him are found in Jones's Neniiio, 1595; Dy- 
mock's // Pastor Fido, lf)05; Edmondcs' Ob- 
servations on Ctesar's Commentaries, 1 60{) ; Plo- 
rio's translation of Montaigne's Essays, 1G13; 
and Sylvester's Du liartas, 16 13. An original 
letter also to lord keeper Egerton, with a present 
of his works, has been printed in tiie rev. r'rancis 
Egerton's Illustrations of the Life and Character 
oj Lord Chancellor Egerton. 

Tethj/'s Festival is the scarcest of all Daniel's pro- 
ductions, as it was not inserted in any collected 
edition of his works. It is appended to The Order 
and Solemnilie of the Creation of the high and 
mightie Prince lienrie, Eldest Sonne to our sacred 
Soueraigne, Prince of Wales, Duke ctf Cornercall, 
Earle of Chester, i;c. j4s it was celebrated in the 
Parliament House, on Munday the Fourth of 
Junne last past. Together uith the Ceremonies of 
the Knights of the Path, t.nd other Matters of 
speciall Regard, incident to the same. Whereunto 
IS annexed the Roi/all Maske, presented by the 
Queene and her Ladies, on Wednesday at Night 
following. Printed at Hritaine's liuise for John 
Budge, and are there to be sold. I6l0. A copy of 
this is among Garrick's collection in the British 
museum, from which I extract the following. 



Youth of the Spring, milde Zephirus, blow faire, 

And breath the joyfull ayre. 
Which Tethys wishes may attend this day. 

Who comes her selfe to pay 

The vowes her heart presents, 

To these faire complements. 

Breath out new flowers, which yet were neuer 
knowne 
Vnto the Spring, nor blowne 
Before this time, to bewtifie the earth. 
And as this day giues birth 
Vnto new types of state. 
So let it blisse create. 

Beare Tethys' message to the ocean king. 

Say how she ioyes to bring 
Delight unto his ilands and his seas, 

' [I'his defence was written in answer to Campion's Ol- 
seroallons in the Art nf English Poesie lt)02.] 

' [Mr. Park supposes the queen of James (Acne of Den- 
mark,) to be allegorized under this name, as the cara sposa of 
Occanus. Sec some further account of it in the first vol. of 
Jirydges's Reslitiila, 1814 1 

Vol. II. 



And tell Meliadcs 

The of-spring of his hood, 

How slie ap(>Iaudes his good. 

2. 

Are they shadowes that we see .' 

And can shadowes pleasure giue ? 
Pleasures only shadowes bee 
Cast by bodies we conceiue, 
And are nia^lc the thinges wee deemc, 
In those figures which they seeme. 

But these pleasures vanish fast. 
Which by shadowes are exprest. 

Pleasures are not, if they last : 

In their passing, is their best. 

Glory is most bright and gay 

In a flash, and so away. 

Feed apace then, greedy eyes, 

On the wonder you behold ; 
Take it sodaine as it flies 
Though you take it not to hold : 
W^hen your eyes haue done their part 
Thought must length it in the hart. 

There is a portrait of Daniel by Cockson, pre- 
fixed to his Civil Wars, Sac. engraved in I609.J 

JOHN PANKE was a very frequent and 
noted preacher of his time, and well read in theo- 
logical authors, but withal a very zealous enemy 
in his writings and preachments against the Pa- 
pists, but in what college or hall educated, I 
cannot as yet find. After he had left the univer- 
sity he became minister of Broadhinton, after- 
wards of Tidworth, in Wilts, and at length had 
some cure in the church of Salisbury. His works 
are, 

Short Admonition, by rcay of Dialogue, to all 
those, who hitherto, upon Pretence of their Un- 
wonhiness, have dangerously, in respect of their 
Salvation, withdrawn themselves from coming to 
the Lord's Table, &c. Oxon. lt)04. oct. [Bodl. 
8vo. D. 50. Th.] 

The Fall of Babel, by the Confusion of Tongues, 
directly proving against the Papists of this, and 
former Ages, that a View of their Writings and 
Books being taken, it cannot be discerned by any 
Man living, what they zeould say, or hoze be under- 
stood, in the Question of the Sacrifice of the Mass, ' 
the real Presence, or Transubstantiation, &c. Oxon. 
1608. qu. [Bodl. 8vo S. 45. Th.] Dedicated to 
the heads of colleges and schools of this univer- 
sity of Oxon. 

Collectancfc, out of S. Gregory the Great, and S. 
Bernard the Devout, against the Papists, who ad- 
here to the Doctrine of the present Church of Rome, 
in the most findamcital Points between them and 
us. Oxon. I6I8. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. T. 50. Th.] 
With other things, as 'tis probable, but such 1 
have not 3'et seen, nor do I know any thing else 
of the author. 



[449] 



Clar. 
\6ll. 



275 



MEARA. 



MASON. 



CHAiMBEKS. 



276 



DERMITIUS MEARA, or de Meara, who 
•was born at Ormond in Ireland, whence being sent 
to this university, continued there in philosophi- 
cal studies several years, but whether in Univ. 
coll. Gloc. or Hart, hall, (receptacles for Irish- 
men in his time,) I know not. For tho' he writes 
himself in the first of his books which I shall anon 
mention, ' lately a student in the university of 
Oxon,' yet in all my searches I cannot find him 
matriculated, or that he took a degree. Some 
years after his retirement to his native country, he 
wrote in Latin verse, having been esteemed a good 
poet during his conversation among the Oxonians, 
these things following, 

Ormoniiis ; site illustriss. Herois ac Domini, D. 
Thomee Butler Ormonix (^ Ossorite Comitis, Vice- 
corn, de Thurles, Baronis de Arcklo, i^c. Prosa- 
pia Laborumgue pracipuorum ab eodem pro Patria 
i^ Principe susceptorum Commemoratio, heroico 
Carmine conscripta. Lond. I6l5. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
F. 42. Art.] 

Epicedion in Obitum Tho. Butler Ormonia iif 
Ossoria Comitis, &c. 

Anagrammaticon, Acrosticon bf Chronologica in 
eundem Tho. Butler. These two last were print- 
ed with Ormonius, and are dedicated to Walt. 
Butler earl of Ormond and Ossory. Much about 
the time when these poetical things were printed, 
the author practised physic in his own country, 
and gained great repute for his happy success 
therein. In that faculty he wrote several books, 
but all that I have seen is only this, 

De Morbis hareditariis Tractatus Spagyrico- 
C'"- dogmaticus. Dubl. 1619. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. W. 26. 
1019- Med.] &c. He was father to Edm. de Meara an 
Ormonian born, sometimes a practitioner in phy- 
sic in the city of Bristol, being the same person 
who answered Dr. Tho. Willis's book, entit. Dia- 
tribe du<B Medico-Philosophica, &c. 

" THOMAS MASON was born of plebeian 
" parents in Hampshire, became a servitor of 
" Magd. coll. in 1594, aged 14, left it without a 
" degree, and, thro' some petit employments, be- 
" came minister of Odyham in his own country. 
" He hath written, 

" A Revelation of the Revelation, wherein is 

" contained most true, plain, and brief Manifesta- 

" tion of the Meaning and Scope of alt the Revela- 

riar " '''"'' '''**^ every Mystery of the same. Lond. 

I'ciy. " 1619. pet." [Bodl. 8vo. M. 108. Th.] 

[Qu. if he be not the author of Nobile Par, or 
the Funeralls of two noble Personages, the Right 
Honourable Lord, the Earle of Hertford; and the 
Lady Marie, his worlhie Sisier. 2 Sermons, the 
first on Gen. 1. 7. (1st pt.) 'To the memory of 
the right honourable and truly noble lord Edward 
Seymour, baron Beauchamp, earle of Hertford, 
and lord lieut. to his majesty for the counties of 
Wilts and Somerset, who deceased April 6th 
1621, in the yeare of his age 84, and lieth buried 



at Sarum.' The second on Job 1.21. * To the 
memory of the truly ennobled with virtue and 
honour, the lady Mar}-, daughter to the illustrious 
Edward duke of Somerset, &c. who after a godly 
life ended her naturall days in Christian peace 
and piety, and was honourably buried in West- 
minster, Jan. 18. 1619. These sermons were both 
preached at Letley by Thomas Mason attendant 
in ordinary upon that honourable family. There 
were but few of them printed. Wan ley. 

Wood was certainly wrong in designating Ma- 
son the son of plebeian parents, for in the dedica- 
tion to a work, the title of which will be given 
below, he signs himself ' preacher of God's word 
in Odiham, in the county of Southampton, whose 
father was heire vnto sir John Mason, sometime 
a priuy councelor vnto queene Elizabeth.' This 
was an abridgment of Fox, which Wood had 
never heard or, 

Christ's Victorie over Sathan's Tyrannie. Where- 
in is contaitied a Catalogue of all Christ's faithfvll 
Sovldiers that the Divell either by his grand Cap- 
taines the Emperovrs, or by his tnost deerly beloued 
Sonnes and Heyres the Popes, haue most cruelly 
martyred for the Truth. With all the poysoned 
Doctrius zcherewith that great redde Dragon hath 
made drunken the Kings and Inhabitants of the 
Earth, with the Confutations of them. Together 
with all his trayterons Practises and Designes 
against all Christian Princes to this Day, especially 
against our late Queeti Elizabeth of famous Me- 
morie, and our most religious Soueraigne Lord 
King James. Faithfully abstracted out of the 
Book of Martyrs, and diuers other Books. Lond. 
1615, folio. (Bodl. Art.) 

' Probably Wood thought none but a plebeian 
could write so illiberally, and so very unlike a 
gentleman ; for his epistle to the reader is full of 
quotations from the Revelations, as probably his 
other book mentioned by Mr. Wood is also, to 
prove, in a most unmannerly style, that the pope 
is Antichrist. In this epistle he calculated that 
Antichrist's reign was to be at an end in I66O, but 
this seems to hint at the English sectaries, rather 
than the pope.' Cole.] 

SABIN CHAMBERS, a Leicestershire man 
born, took the degrees in arts, as a member of 
Broadgate's-hall, that of master being compleated 
1583, at which time he had the vogue of a good 
disputant. But soon after being dissatisfy'd in 
many points relating to the Protestant religion, 
he entred into the society of Jesus at Paris, an. 
1588, aged about 30. Afterwards he taught divi- 
nity in the university of Doll in Burgundy, 
and at length was sent into the mission of 
England, to labour in the harvest there. He hath 
written. 

The Garden of the Virgin-Mary. St. Om. 16 19. Clar. 
oct. Which contains certain prayers and medi- iGiji. 
tations. Other matters, as 'tis said, he hath writ- 



277 



FARREAIl. 



THOMAS. 



HUTTON. 



278 



Clar. 



ten, but being printed beyond sea, we have few 
copies of them come into these parts. 

[Sabinus Chambers, natione Anglus, patria Lei- 
cestrensis, societatem (Jesu) an. 1588, aetatis 28, 
ingressus, cum prius Oxonii magister in artibus 
phiiosophiam docuissct in Domino obdormivit in 
AngUa, X Martii 1(J33. Scripsit Anglice, Horlum 
B. f^irgiins. Sotveilus, Bibl. Script. Soc. Jesu. 
pag. 731. Baker.] 

" ROBERT FARREAR, a French man, and 
" sojourner in Oxon, wrote for the use of his 
" scholars whom he taught French, a booiv entit. 
[450] " ^ brief Direction to the French Tongue, &c. 

" Oxon. 1618. oct. in the title of which book he 
" wrote himself M. A. but whether he took that 
" degree, or was incorporated therein, in Oxon, I 
" find not." 

LEWIS THOMAS, a frequent preacher in 
his time, became a poor scholar or exhibitioner of 
Brasen-nose coll. in 1582, or thereabouts, took 
one degree in arts, holy orders soon after, and at 
length was beneficed in his native county of 
Glamorgan, and elsewhere. His works are. 

Certain Lectures upon sundry Portions of Scrip- 
ture, &c. Lond. 1600. oct. Dedic. to sir Tho. 
Egerton, lord keeper of the great-seal, who was 
one of his first promoters in the church. 

Seven Sermons, or the Exercises of Seven Sab- 
baths. The first, entit. 17ie Prophet David's 
Arithmetick, is on Psal. 90. 12. The second, cal- 
led Peter's Repentance, is on Matth. 26. 75, &c. 
Which Seven Sermons were printed at London 
several times in the latter end of Q. Elizabeth, 
once in the reign of K. James (I619) and once in 
the reign of K. Ch. L (1630.) 

A short Treatise upon the Commandments, on 
Rev. 22. 14. Lond. I6OO, &c. oct. This is some- 
times called A Comment on the Decalogue. I find 
Clar, another Lewis Thomas of Jesus college, who took 

l6i9' the degree of bach, of arts, as a member of that 

house 1597, and that of master, as a member of 
St. Edm. hall, I6OI. But what relation he had 
to the former, or whether he hath published any 
thing, I know not. 

[There was one Lewis Thomas, suffragan bp. of 
Salop, who was instituted to the rectory of Llan- 
Twroc in the deanery of Arvon (then vacant by 
the death of William Glyn, archdeacon of Angle- 
sey) Sept. 26, 1537, by bp. Capon, and who died 
about 1560 or 61, for on the 2'' of May that year 
61, Llan-Twroc was voyd. Ue illo quaere, ct de 
successore ejus in LLan-Twroc, viz. Jacobo Ellis, 
tunc A. M. postea LL. doctore, et, ni fallor, 
Oxouiensi. Humphreys.] 

" HENRY HUTTON was born in the county 
" Palatine of Durham, of an antient and genteel 
" family, spent some time with us, either as an 
" hospes, or aularian, but minding more the 



" smooth parts of poetry and romance than logic, 
" departed as it seems, without a degree, and 
" wrote, 

" Follj/'s Anatomtf : Or, Satyrs and Satyrical 
" Epigrams. Lond. 1619. oct. [Bodl. 8vo, B. 
"31. Med.] 

" A compendious History of Ixion's Wheel. 
" This is also written in verse, and both dedicated 
" to sir Tim. Hutton, by the author, his friend 
" nomine & re." 

[This rare volume is ushered into the world 
with a copy of commendatory verses signed R. 
IL The oafyrea commence with the following: 

I vrge no time, with whipt stript Satyrs lines. 
With furies scourge whipping depraued times : 
My Muse (tho fraught) with such shall not 

begin 
T'vncase, vnlace the centinel of sin, 
Yet, let earth's vassailes, pack-horse vnto shame. 
Know I could lash their lewdnesse, euil fame, 
Reade them a lecture should their vice imprint 
With sable lines in the obdured flint. 
Their mappes of knauery and shame descry 
In liuely colours, with a sanguine die, 
And tell a tale should touch them to the quick 
Shold make them startle, fain the'selues cap- 
sick, 
But that no patron dare, or will, maintaine 
The awfull subiect of a satvre's vaine. 



Clar. 
lOig. 



What have we here ? a mirror of this age, 
Acting a comick's part vpon the stage ! 
What gallant's this ? his nature doth vnfold 
Him to be framed in Phantastes mold : 
Lo how he iets ; how sterne he shewes his face, 
Whiles from the wall he passengers doth chase! 
Muse, touch not this man, nor his life display, 
Ne, with sharpe censure, 'gainst his vice inuey ; — 
For, sith his humor can no iesting brooke. 
He will much lesse endure a Satyre's booke. 
Beshrew me, sirs, I durst not stretch the streete, 
Gaze thus on conduit's scrowls, base vintners 

beat. 
Salute a mad-dame with a French cringe grace, 
Greete, with God-dam-me, a confronting face. 
Court a rich widow, or my bonnet vaile, 
Conuerse with bankrupt mercers in the gaile; 
Nor in a metro shew my Cupide's fire. 
Being a French-pox't ladie's apple-squire ; — 
Lest taxing times, (such folly being spide,) 
With austere Satyres shoula my vice deride. 
Ntre breath, I durst not vse my mistrissc fan, 
Or walke attended with a Hackney man ; 
Dine with duke Humfrey in decayed Paules, 
Confound the streetes with chaos of old braules, 
Dancing attendance on the Black-friers stage. 
Call for a stoole with a commanding rage ; 
Nor, in the night time, ope my ladie's latch, 
Lest I were snared by th' all-seeing watch, 
T 2 



279 



NORDEN. 



280 



Whicli criiick knaues, with lynxe's pearcing 

eye, 
Into men's acts obsernantly do prye. 

The second satire characterizes a parasite ; the 
third, the letcher's obsccene shame ; the fourth, a 
spendtlmti.; the fifth, mounsier Bravado; the 
sixth, a poetaster; the seventh, a glutton; and 
the last, a woman creature most insatiate. Sixty 
Sattfricalt Epigrams follow, from which I select 
the following, 

21. 

Tom vow'd to beat his boy against the wall. 
And as he strook, he forthwith caught a fall : 
The boy deriding, said, I will auerre 
Y'have done a thing you cannot stand to, sir. 

32. 

Neat barber. Trim, I must commend thy care. 
Who doest all things exactly, to a hayre. 

53. 

Shoo-makers are the men (without all doubt,) 
Be't good or bad, that set all things on foot. 

54. 
A glazier which endeauours to rcape gaines 
Endureth toyle— is troubled much with panes. 

Ixion's Wheele is merely a recapitulation of the 
fabulous tale, in very indifferent verse, wholly 
unworthy of notice. 

Perhaps we may ascribe to Hutton This World's 
Folly ; or a JVaniing Peece discharged vpoii the 
Wickednesse thereof. By J. H. Lond. 1G15. Bodl. 
4to. L. 62. Art.] 

JOHN NORDEN, was born of a genteel fa- 
milj-, but in what county, unless in Wilts, I can- 
not tell, became a commoner of Hart-hail in 130'4, 
and took the degrees in arts, that of master being 
complcated 1373. This person I take to be the 
same John Norden who was author of these books 
following, some of which I have perused, but 
therein 1 cannot find that he entities himself a 
minister of God's word, or master of arts. 

Sinful Man's Solace, most sweet and comfortable 
for the sick and sorrowful Soul, &c. Lond. J 385. 
in oct. 

Mirror for the Multitude, or a Glass, wherein 
may be seen the Violence, the Error, the Weakness, 
and rash Consent of the Multitude, &c. Lond. 1386. 
in oct. 

Antithesis, or Contrariety between the Wicked 
and Godly, set forth inform of a Pair of Gloves^ 
ft for every Man to wear, 8cc. Lond. 1387. 

Pensive Man's Practice, wherein are contained 
very devout and necessary Prayers for sundry godly 
Purposes, &c. Lond. 1591. in tw.— Printed there 
again 1629. in tw. which was the fortieth impres- 
sion. 

Poor Man's Rest ; founded upon Motives, Me- 



ditations, and Prayers, 8cc. Printed several times 
in oct. and tw. The eighth edit, was printed at 
Lond. 1620. in tw. 

Progress of Piety, whose .Jesse's Lead into the 
Harborough of heavenly Hearts-ease, to recreate 
the ajfiicted Souls of all such as, &c. Lond. 
in tw. 

Christian Comfort and Encouragement unto all 
English Subjects, not to dismay at the Spanish 
Threats. Lond. 1596. 

Mirror of Honour, wherein every Professor of 
Arms, from the General, to the inferior Soldier, 
may see the Necessity of the Fear and Service of 
God. Lond. 1397. qu. [Bodl.4to. C. 111. Th.] ' 

Interchangeable Variety of Things. Lond. l600. 
qu. 

The Surveyors Dialogue, very profitable for all 
Men to peruse, but especially Jor Gentlemen, Far- 
mers, and Husbandmen, &.c. hi 6 books. Lond. 
1607. [Bodl. 4to. N. 9- Art. Seld.] 10 and 18 in 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. B. 32. Art. and reprinted fre- 
quently.} 

Labyrinth of Man's Life : or Virtue's Delight, 
and Envy's Opposite. Lond. I6l4. qu. [Bodl. 
4to. A. 36. Art.] 'Tis a poem dedic. to Rob. 
Carr earl of Somerset. 

Loadstone to a Spiritual Life. Lond. I6l4. in 
sixt. 

Pensive Soul's Delight : Or, a devout Man's 
Help, consisting of Motives, Meditations, and 
Prayers, ii.c. Lond. 1615. in tw. [Bodl. 8vo. N. 
16. Th.] 

An Eye to Heaven in Earth. A necessary Watch 
for the time of Death, consisting in Meditations 
and Prayers fit for that Purpose. With the Hus- 
baiuTs Christian Counsel to his Wife and Children 
left poor after his Death. Lond. I619. in tw. 
[Bodl. 8vo. N. 24. Th.] &c. 

Help to true Blessedness. 

Pathzcay to Patience in all manner of Afflictions, 
Sec. Lond. 1626. oct. This John Norden lived 
at Hendon near to Acton in Middlesex in most 
of the reign of king James L being patronized in 

' [The contents of this tract are as follows : It is dedi- 
cated to the earl of Essex. 

1. A briefe motiue to the consideration of the necessitie of 
this vvorke, and of the different effects of peace and warre. 

2. How necessarie the feare and true seruice of God, and 
the vse of all diuine vertues are in euery chiefe gouernour 
in amies, and wherein true honor consisteth. 

3. That all men should be readie to defend their prince and 
countrie, and how iuferiour officers in armes, the common 
and priiiate souldiers should bchaue themselues, as touching 
their obedience to God, their prince and superiour com- 
manders. 

4. That prayer is necessarie among; men of armes, as a 
principall and chiefe meane both to defend themselues, and 
to annoy the encmie, and that after victorie they ought to 
praise God. 

3. A most necessarie motiue to stirre vp all men that con- 
tinue at home, to serue the lining God, and to seeke to 
winne his fauour as well in regarde of the safetie and eood 
successe of their brethren, souldiers abroad, as of their owae 
at hoiue.j 



Clar. 
1619. 



281 



NORDEN. 



BUDDEN. 



2«2 



his studies by, or as some say was servant to, 
Will. Cecill lord Burleigh, and Rob. earl of 
Salisbury his son. I take liini to be the same 
John Norden gent. " that most skilful ehorogra- 
pher," who hatli written Spenilam Uritaiiiiia : or, 
an Historical and C/iorograjihiait Description of 
Middlesex. Lond. 15<),T. in about 7 sh. in (\\\. 
[Bodl. 4to. C. lOtj. Art ] And of A Choro^^rapbi- 
cal Description of Hertfordshire.'^ Printed much 
about the same time in 4 sh. in qu. [and reprinted 
with the Df script, of Middlesex, 172.'3.] " He was 
one of the surveyors of the king's lands, A. 1). 
1614." 

f J)r. Norden On the Secular Priests in the 
Castle of fVi-ibeach, tcho died in Prison, &.C. See 
Dr. Bagsliaw's Answer, at the end of Dr. Ely's 
Notes, 8vo. p. 20. Ken net. 

Complement to K. James I. upon his Accession 
to the Crown ; and Harangue against Papists, 4to. 
MS. Reg. 18 A xxiii. 

Historical Description of Cornwall. Lond. 
and 1728, 4to. 

Description of Virtue and Env^y. 
(From the Labyrinth of Man's Life.) 

Her lookes were louing, beauty sun-like bright ; 
Her stature tall, aboue the cloudts in height ; 
Her amies extended infinitely farre, 
And on her brest a brazen shield for warre. 
One hand a scepter, her other hand did hold 
A sword, her head a diadem of gold ; 
Insteed of pearlc, rich, to adorne the same, 
There stream'd from it a farre extending tianie. 
Ouer her head a rich pauilion set. 
Azure coulor'd, which in a circle met; 
Vnder her feet a pauement strangely spred 
Layd, and compact ^ of ghastly bodies dead.* 

Attendant on this ladie grauc, I sawe 
Ahidious hagge, clad with rent leaues of lawe. 
For impious ones, that only worke disdaine, 
To seeme vpright, seeke shrowde for outward 

staine. 
This hagge was ougly, colour'd pale and wan, 
Her face, puft vp, she couer'd with a fan ; 
Her eyes were fiery, teeth of gastfull shape, 
A sword-like tongue, scene when the hagge did 

gape ; 

' [Reprinted together in 1 723 4to. There is also a De- 
scription of Norlhiimptunshire, printed at London in 1720, 
8vo, without any m;ip, and another Description of Cornwall, 
printed with several excellent maps of the hundreds, and neat 
prints of its rarities, printed at Lond. 17 . 4to. of which four 
were printed on velom, one in my hands, the other with the 
earl of Oxford, a third with Mr. Richardson, apothecary in 
Aldersgate street, and a fourth with the rev. Mr. John 
Blackbourne. Rawlinson. Dr. Rawhnsoa's copy above 
mentioned is in the Bodleian.] 

' [Formed.] 

♦ [The poet afterwards explains this : 

The pauement of the corpes of dead men showes 
She hath her foes, aud them she ouerthrowes.] 



Lyon-like, her clawea in handes and feete were 

set, 
And when she gryp'd her ougly tallandes met. 
Hernosthrels wide, her breath a stinking sent; 
Her stature lowe, her bodic corpulent. 
Her hands were both the left, she had no right, 
Her amies scem'd great, with bowe andarrowes 

dight. 
Her life slie leades in darke and dismall den, 
She comes among but scldome scene of men. 
She counterfeits chamelion-hke her hew, 
'J'luit none may know her by the outward view. 
She's ahvaies dry, and only drinkes of bloud, 
W hereof there flowes, where she abides, a 

floud.] 

JOHN BUDDEN, son of Joh. Budden of 
Canford in Dorsetshire, was born in that county, 
entred into Merton coll. in Mich, term, 1582, 
aged Id, admitted scholar of Trinity coll. 30 of 
May following, took the degree of bach, of arts, 
and soon after was translated to Gloc. hall, for 
the sake, and at the request, of Mr. Tho. Allen, 
where being mostly taken up with the study of 
the civil law, yet he took the degree of M. of 
arts, as a member thereof. At length he was 
made philosophy reader of Magd. coll. proceeded 
in the civil law 1G02, made principal of New 
Inn 1609, the king's professor of the civil law 
soon after, and principal of Broadgate's-hall. 
He was a person of great eloquence, an excel- 
lent rhetorician, philosopher, and a most noted 
civilian. He hath written and published, 

Gulielmi Patteni, cut IVai/iifleti Agnomen fail, 
Witoniensis Ecclesice. Prasulis, 6; Colt. B. Maria 
Magd. apud Oxon. Fundatoris, Vita Obitusque. 
Oxon. 1602. qu. [Bodl. 4to. P. 24. Art.] Re- 
printed in a book entit. Vitee selectorum aliquot 
Virornm, &c. Lond. 1681. in a large qu. [Bodl. 
A. A. 124. Art. Pag. 49-] Pubhshetl by Dr. 
Will. Bates a Cambridge man, a learned and 
moderate nonconformist, living then at Hackney 
near London, an eminent writer, and worthy of 
much praise. 

Reverendiss. Patris ac Domini Johannis Mor- 
toni Cantuariensis olim Aichiep. Magni Angliee 
Cancellarii, trium Regum Connliarii, Vita Obi- 
tusque. Lond. l607. in 3 sh. in oct. He also 
translated from English into Latin, (1) Sir Tho. 
Bodlty's Statutes of the Public Library, which 
is remitted into the body of the statutes of the 
university. (2) Sir Tho. Smith's book entit. The 
Commonwealth of England, and the Manner and 
Government thereof; in 3 books. Printed at Lond. 
in oct. [Bodl. 8vo. S. 88. Art.] and beyond sea 
in tw. Also from French into English, A Dis- 
course for Parent's Honour and Authority over 
their Children. Lond. I6l4. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
F. 103. Line] Written by Pet. ^rodius, [or 
Ayrault,] a renowned French civilian. This 
Dr. Budden died in Broadgate's-hall, on the 



283 



SMITH. 



POWELL. 



CAREW. 



284 



1620. 



[452] 



i6?o. 



eleventh of June in sixteen hundred and twenty. 
From which place his body being carried to the 
divinity school, Rich. Gardiner of Clir. Ch. the 
deputy orator delivered an eloquent speech in 
praise of him, before the doctors, masters and 
scholars of the university. Which being done, 
the body was conveyed thence to St. Aldgate's 
church near to the hall of Broadgate, and there in 
the chancel was interred on the 14 of the same 
month. In the professorship of the civil law 
succeeded Dr. Rich. Zouch, and in the principa- 
lity of Broadgate's, Dr. Tho. Clayton. 

SAMUEL SMITH, a gentleman's son, was 
born in Lincolnshire, entred a commoner in 
Magd. hall in Michaelmas term 1604, aged 17, 
became fellow of Magd. coll. 1609, proctor of 
the university in 1620, being then bach, of phy- 
sic, and accounted the most accurate disputant, 
and profound philosopher in the university. He 
wrote divers things pertaining to logic and 
philosophy, but none of them were printed, 
only, 

Aditus ad Logicam, in Usum eorutn qui primo 
Academiam salutant. Oxon. 1613.21. [BodL 8vo. 
E. 46. Line] 27. 33. 39, &c. oct. He died much 
lamented 17 June (according as he himself had 
foretold some weeks before he died) in six- 
teen hundred and twenty, being then newly en- 
tred on his proctorship, and was buried in Magd. 
coll. chappel. I find another Sam. Smith equal 
in time with the former, a frequent preacher 
and writer, who living many years after, is not 
to have a place among these writers, till the year 
1663. 

GRIFFITH POWELL, a younger son of 
Tho. Powell of Lansawell in Caermarthenshire, 
esq; was born there, entred a commoner of Jesus 
coll 1581, aged 20, became the first fellow of the 
said coll. by election, took the degrees in arts, 
and one in the civil law, and at length (after some 
controversies had passed) was settled principal of 
his college in 16 13, being then accounted by all 
a most noted philosopher, or subtile disputant, 
and one that acted and drudged much as a tutor, 
moderator, and adviser in studies among the ju- 
niors. He hath transmitted to posterity. 

Analysis Analyticorum posteriorum, sen Libro- 
rum Aristotelis de Demomtratione, cum Sckoliis. 
Oxon. 1594. oct. 

Analysis Libri Aristot. de Sophisticis Elenchis. 
Ox. 1594. [1598. Bodl. 8vo. P. 101. Art.] and 
1664. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. P. 18. Art. BS.] Con- 
cernmg which two books these verses were 
made, 

<3rJffith Powell, for the honour of his nation, 
Wrote a book of Demonstration. 

And havmg little else to doe, 
■He wrote a book of Elenchs too. 



lie also wrote several other matters of philoso- 
phy, which would have been very useful for no- 
vices, but the author being taken up too much 
with his charge, he could not spare time to put 
them in order for the press, much less to publisii 
them. He paid his last debt to nature, 28 June 
in sixteen hundred and twenty, and was buried in 'C20. 
the church of St. Michael (in Jesus coll. isle I 
think) near to the North gate of the city of Oxon. 
By his nuncupatory will he left all his estate to 
that coll. amounting to 648^. 17*. 2d. with 
which, and certain monies, were lands purchased 
for the maintenance of one fellow of the said 
coll. 

RICHARD CAREW, the son of Tho. Carew 
by Elizab. Edgcombe his wife, was born of an 
anticnt and genteel family at East-Anthony in 
the East parts of Cornwall, an. 1555, became a 
gent. com. of Ch. Ch. very young, but had his 
chamber in Broadgate's hall, much about the 
time that his kinsman George Carew (afterwards 
E. of Totness) and Will. Cambden studied there. 
At 14 years of age he disputed ex tempore with 
the matchless Philip Sidney, (while he was a 
young man, I suppose,) in the presence of the 
carls of Leicester, Warwick, and other nobility, 
at what time they were lodged in Ch. Ch. to re- 
ceive entertainment from the muses. After he 
had spent 3 years in Oxon, he retired to the Mid- 
dle Temple, where he spent 3 years more, and 
then was sent with his unkle " (sir George Carew 
" as it seems)" in his embassage unto the king of 
Poland ; whom, when he came to Dantzick, he 
found that he had been newly gone from thence 
into Sweden, whither also he went after him. 
After his return, and a short stay made in Eng- 
land, he w as sent by his father into France with 
sir Hen. Nevill, who was then ambassador leiger 
unto K. Hen. 4. that he might learn the French 
tongue, which by reading and talking he over- 
came in three quarters of a year. Some time after 
his return, he married Juliana Arundel of Trerice, 
an. 1577; was made justice of the peace 1581 ; 
high-sheriff of Cornwall 1586, and about that 
time was the king's deputy for the militia. In 
1589, he was elected a member of the coll. of an- 
tiquaries, and about that time he made an histo- 
rical survey of his native county, which was after- [453] 
wards printed, he being then accounted a religious 
and ingenious man, learned, eloquent, liberal, stout, 
honest, and well skili'd in several language 



as 



also among his neighbours the greatest husband, 
and most excellent manager of bees in Cornwall. 
He was intimate with the most noted scholars of 
his time, particularly with sir Hen. Spelman, 
who, in an epistle J to him [dated September 18,* 
1615.] concerning tithes, doth not a little extol 

* In his Apol. of the Treatise De non temerandis Eccle- 
stis, &c. Loud. 1646. qu. « [Watts.] 



285 



CAREVV. 



286 



him for his ingenuity, virtue, and learning. ♦ Pal- 
mam igitur cedo (saith he) 8c (juod Graici ohm in 
Caria sua gente, admirati sunt, nos in Carifi nostra 
gente agnoscinius, ingcnium splendidum, bella- 
rum<|ue intcntionum faicundissiniuni,' [commune 
enim ilUid (quod scrihis) mihi tecum Cantabrigia- 
mater— ]7 &c. Further also for the book he wrote 
and published, entit. 

Tfie Survey of Cornwall, &c. Lond. 1602.' qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. S. 17. Art.] the learned Cambden is 
pleased to honour ' him with this character, — 
' Sed haec, &.c. But more plainly and fully in- 
structed are we in these points, by Rich. Carew 
of Anthony, a gentleman iunobled no less in re- 
gard of his parentage and descent, than for his 
virtue and learning ; who hath published and 
perfected the description of this county (Corn- 
wall) more at large, and not in a slight and mean 
manner, whom 1 must needs acknowledge to 
have given me much light herein.' " Among the 
" letters Cambdeni Sf illiistrium virorum ad Camfi- 
" denum numb. 58. is an epistle of this Richard 
" Carew, dated from Anthony in Cornwall 13 
" May 1606, in which he writes thus: ' The first 
" publishing of my Survey of Cornwall was volun- 
" tary; the second, which I now propose, is of 
" necessity, not so much for the enlarging it, as the 
" correcting mine and the printer's oversights. 
"And amongst these the arms, not the least; 
" touching which mine order, suitable to the di- 
" rection, was not observed, and so my self made 
" an instrument, but not the author, of wrong and 
" error." Our author Carew hath also written. 

The true and ready Way to learn the Lat. Tongue ; 
in anszcer to a Quere, zvhether the ordinary Way by 
teaching Latin by the Rules of Grammar, be the 
best Tcayfor Youths to learn it'^' This is involved 
in a book published by a Dutch-man called Sam. 
Hartlib, esq; entit. The true and ready Way to 
learn the Lat. Tongue, &c. Lond. 1654. qu. bur 
author Carew translated also from Italian into the 
English tongue. The Examination of Men's Wits. 
In lehich, by discovering the variety of Natures, 
is shewed for what Profession each one is apt, and 
how far he shall Profit therein. Lond. 1594. [1596, 
Bo(H. B. 21. 2. Line] and l604. qu. written ori- 
ginally in Spanish by Joh. Huarte, " and trans- 
" latcd into Italian by M.Camillo Camilli." But 

1 [Baker.] 

' [His Survey of Cornwall was reprinted in 1/23, with 
his Epistle of the Excellencies nf the English Tongue, and 
his life by H. C. esq. a|;ain in 1769. and lastly in 1811, edit- 
ed by Francis, lord DeDunstanville.] 

9 In Britannia, in the latter end of his discourse of Corn- 
wall. 

' [An Answer to the Question whether the ordinary Way 
of teaching Latin by the Rules of GTammar is the best ? — 
It was communicated to me by Mr. Dez Maizsaux, who in- 
formed me that it was not written by Richard Carew, the 
celebrated author of the Survey of Cormcall, as is affirnied by 
Mr. Wood in liis Ath.Oxon; but by Rich. Carew, his son. 

J. T. Philipp's ndvfrlisemeut to the reader prefixed to A 
compendious iVuy of teaching ancient and modern Languages, 
&c. 8vo. 1723. 2" edit. Wanliy.] 



this translation, as I have been informed by some 
persons, was mostly, if not all, performed by The. 
Carew his father ; yet Richard's name is set to it. 
He died on the si.xth day of Nov. in sixteen 
hundred and twenty, and was buried in the 
church of East-Anthony among his ancestors. 
Shortly after he had a splendid monument set 
over his grave, with an inscription thereon, writ- 
ten in the Latin tongue; which being too large 
for this place, I shall now omit, as also the epi- 
gram made on him by his ' countryman, and ano- 
ther by a ' .Scot. Which last stiles our author 
Carew another Livy, another Maro, another Pa- 
pinian, and highly extoUs him for his great skill 
in history, ana knowledge in the laws. Besides 
this Rich. Carew, was another, but later in time, 
author of Excellent Helps by a Warming- Stone. 
Printed 1652. qu. 

[Richard Carew, the topographer, translated 
also Godfrey of Hvlloigne,orthe Recouerie of Hierv- 
salem — written in Italian by Tasso, ' imprinted 
in both languages.' Lond. without date, and 1594, 
4lo. It was licensed, January 25, 1593. Al- 
though a few verses by Carew are found in his 
Survey of Cornwall, the following will, perhaps, 
give some idea of his poetry. 

Description of Armida. 

' Not Argos, Cyprus, Delos, ere present 
Patternes of shape, or bewtie, could, so deere ; 
Gold are her lockes, which in white shadow 

pent 
Eft do out glimpse, eft all disclosde appeare: 
As when new clensde we see the element. 
Sometimes the sun shines through white cloud 

vncleere. 
Sometimes fro' cloud out gone his raies more 

bright 
He sheads abroad, dubling of day the light. 

The wind new crisples makes in her loose haire, 
Which nature selfe to wanes recrispelled. 
Her sparing looke a coy regard doth beare. 
And loue's treasures, and her's vp wympelled. 
Sweete rose's colour in that visage faire, 
With yuorie is sperst and mingelled : 

But in her mouth, whence breath of loue out 

J;oes 
y alone, and single, bloomes the rose. 

Herbosome faire musters his < naked snow. 
Whence fire of loue is nourisht and reuiues. 
Her pappes, bitter vnripe, in part doe show. 
And part th' enuious weed from sight depriues 
Enuious ; but though it close passage so 
To eyes, loue's thought, vnstaid, yet farder 
striues, 

» Carol. FiUgeffry, Cornub. in J/faniij, lib. 3. 
3 Joh. Dunbar, Megalo-Britannus, in Epigrammatd: 
siiis, edit, in Oct. apud. Lond. 1C16. cent. 6. num. i3. 
♦ [Her.] 



I6t0. 



^2P>7 



KILBYE. 



jCARPENTER. 



TOOKER. 



288 



[4o4j 



ifico. 



Mliich outward hewtv taking not for pay, 
Ev'n to his secrets hid endeeres a way. 

Prefixed to the last edition of the Siirirt/ is a 
head of Carew by Evans, from an original picture.] 

RICHARD KILBYE, was born at RadciifF 
on the river Wreake in Leicestershire, elected 
fellow of Lincoln coll. 18 Jan. 1677, being then 
about three years standing in the university. Af- 
terwards he took the degrees in arts, holy orders, 
and became a noted preacher in the university. 
In 1590, he was elected rector of his college, 
took the degrees in divinity, was made preben- 
dary of the cath. ch. at Lincoln, and at length 
Hebrew professor of this university. He hath 
written, 

Commeiitarii in Lihrum Exodi. Part 2. MS. 
in the hands sometimes of Will. Gilbert, fellow of 
Line. coll. The chief part of which is excerpted 
from the monuments of the rabbins and Hebrew 
interpreters. He also continued Jo. Mercer's 
Notes on Genesis, and would have printed them, 
but was denied ; had a hand also in the translation 
of the Bible, appointed by K. James I. an. l604. 
and did other very laudable matters relating to 
learning. 

Serm. in S. Mary's Church, Oxoti, 26 Mar. 
I6l2, at the Funeral of Tho. Holland the King's 
Professor of Divinity in this Univ. On 1 Cor. 15. 
55, 56, 57.— Oxon. \Q\S. qu. [Bodl. 4to. K. 1. 
Th.] He, the said Dr. Kilbye, was buried in that 
chancel in Allsaints church in Oxon, which is 
commonly called ' the college chancel,' (because 
it belongs to Line, coll.) on the 17 Nov. in six- 
teen hundred and twenty, aged 60 or thereabouts. 
Whereupon Paul Hood, bac. (afterwards D.) of 
divinity succeeded him in his rectorship, and 
Edward a Meetkerk,^ bach, of div. of Ch. Ch. in 
his professorship. Besides this Rich. Kilbye was 
another of both his names, and a writer too, as 1 
have, under the year l6l7, told you. 

[Kilbye must have died previous to the day 
mentioned by Wood. See Rymer's Foedera, 
vol. xvii, p. 271, w'here is the patent of James I, 
conferring the office of Hebrew professor on Ed- 
ward Meetkerke, vacant * per mortem naturalem 
Richardi Kilby.' This is dated at Westminster 
on the eighth day of November, 1620.] 

JOHN CARPENTER received his first breath 
in the county of Cornwall, was entred a batler in 
Exeter coll. about 1570, where going thro' the 
courses of logic and philosophy for the space of 
four years or more, with unwearied industry, left 
the university without a degree, and at length 
became rector of an obscure town called North- 
leigh, near to Culleton in Devon. He hath 
written and published, 

* [Son of Ad. Meetkcrk, ambassador from Holland, temp- 

Eliz. SlTDENHAM.] 



l()20-2 



A sorroieful Song for sinful Souls, composed 
upon the strange ana wonderful Shaking of the 
Earth, 6 Apr. MSd.'' Lond. in oct. 

Remember Lot's IVife : Two Sermons on Luke 
17. 32. Lond. 1588. oct, [Bodl. 8vo. C. 184. 
Th.] 

Preparative to Contentation. Lond. 1597. qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. C. 91. Th.] 

Song of the Beloved concerning his Vineyard ; 
or, two Sermons on Isa. 5. Lond. 1599- oct. [Bodl. 
8vo. C. 184. Th.] 

Christian Contemplations ; or, A Catechism. 
Lond. 1601. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. C. 184. Th.] 

K. Solomon's Solace. Lond. 1606. qu. [Bodl.4to. 
C. 90. Th.] 

Plain Man's spiritual Plough. Lond. 1607. qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. C. 92. Th.] He gave up the ghost 
at Northleigh before-mentioned in the latter end 
of the year, viz. in March, in sixteen hundred 
and twenty, and was buried in the chancel of the 
church there, before the 25 of the said month, as 
it doth partly appear in the register of that place; 
leavi;ig then behind him a son named Nathaniel, 
whom I shall mention under the year 1628. I find 
another Job. Carpenter who wrote a book Of 
Keeping Merchants Accompts, by Way of Debtor 
and Creditor. Printed 1 632. fol. but him I take 
not to be an academian. 

WILLIAM TOOKER, second son of Will. 
Tooker, (by Honora Eresey of Cornwall his wife) 
son and heir of Rob. Tooker, was born in the city 
of Exeter, educated in Wykeham's school near 
to Winchester, admitted perpetual fellow of New 
coll. in 1577, took the degrees in arts, that of 
master being compleated in 1583, in which year 
he shewed himself a ready disputant before Al- 
beitus Aiaskie, prince of Sirad, at his being en- 
tertained by the Oxonian muses in S. Mary's 
church. In 1585 he left his fellowship, being 
about that time promoted to the archdeaconry of 
Barnstaple in his own country. Afterwards he 
was made chaplain to Q. Elizabeth and preben- 
dary of Salisbury, took the degrees in divinity 
1595, became canon of Exeter, and at length 
dean of Lichfield, on the death (as it seems) of 
Dr. George Boleyne, in the latter end of 1602.? 
He was an excellent Grecian and Latinist, an 
able divine, a person of great gravity and piety, 
and well read in curious and critical authors, as 
may partly appear by these books following, whicii 
he wrote and published. 

Charisma, site Donum Sanationis, seu Eiplica- 
tio totius Q,ua:stionis de mirabilium Sanitatuni 
Gratia, &c. Lond. 1597, qu. [Bodl. 4to. T. 8. 
Th. Seld.] In this book he doth attribute to the 
kings and queens of England a power derived 

* [But it should rather be 1580. See Cambden's Eliz. 
Watts.] 

' [He succeeded James Montague, who held the deanery 
not more than half a year after Boleyn's death. Tooker wai 
installed Feb. HI, l601. Willis' Cathedrals, p. 400.] 



p 



289 



SWINBURNE. 



WIG MORE. 



290 



[455] 



1C20-1. 



unto them, by lawful succession, of healing, \lhe 
Kins;'s J'jvil^] &c. Which hook is reflected upon 
by Mart Anton. Delrius the Jesuit, who thinks 
it not true that kings can cure the evil. With 
him asiree most fanatics. 

Of the Fabrick of the. Church and Church-mens 
Livings. Lond. \G04. oet. [ IJodl. 8vo. T. 12. 

Singulare Cerlamen cum Marlino liecano Je- 
suitu, futililer refutante Apologium &; monitoriam 
Prtefationem ad Iniperatorem, lieges, Sf Piiitcipes, 
4r (jU(cdam Uithuduia Dogmata Jacobi Regis 
Magna, liritunniie. Loud. lOll. oct. ' Tliis 
learned author. Dr. Tooker, died at Salisbury on 
the ly of March, or thereabouts, and was buried 
in the eath, ch. there, 21 of the said month, in 
sixteen hundred and twenty, leaving behind him 
a son named Robert Tooker of East-Cirinsted in 
Surrey. In June following^ Dr. Walt. Curie of 
Cambridge succeeded him in the deanery of Lich- 
field, and him Dr. Augustin Lindsell another Can- 
tabrigian, an. 1630. 

HENRY SWINBURNE, son of Thomas 
Swinburne of the city of York, was born there, 
spent some years in the quality of a commoner in 
Hart-hall, whence translating himself to that of 
Broadgate's, took the degree of bach, of the civil 
law, married Helena, daughter of Barthol. Lant 
of O.xon, and at length retiring to his native 
place, became a proctor in the archbishop's court 
there, commissary of the exchequer, and judge 
of the prerogative court at York. He hath 
written. 

Brief Treatise of Testaments and last Wills. In 
7 parts. Lond. 1590, [Bodl.4to.A.30.Jur.] iGll, 
35, [Bodl. HH. 42. Jur.] 40,77, [1728,] &c. 

^"- . . , 

Treatise of Spousals, or Matrimonial Contracts, 

&c. Lond. 168G. qu. [Bodl.4to. R. 87. Th.] In 

» [Watts.] 
* * 1.0/' t lie Fttlritjue of the Church and Church Men's Liv- 
ing's. By IFit/iam Tooker, Dr. in Divinily, his Majesties 
Chaplai7i in ordinary. London, l(j04. 8vo. He begins his 
dedication, with tliis account of himself, to the king. ' Most 
gracious sovereign, in all humility, I offer to your learned 
censure the fnuts of my labour, the first fruits whereof, as 
likewise of niv dutifull disposition, seven years before your 
inajestie's coining, as messengers of uiy devoted afi'ection, I 
sent into Scotland to meet with you, as it were, a farre off. 
Secondly, I presented you with a booke, at mv waiting upon 
you, in your late progress, and now again in lime of parlia- 
ment and synode, the time of representation of all our church 
and commonwealth, I have presumed of the like gracious 
acceptance. Loudon, 2. April.' In the (J8th page of the 
said lxx)k, he writes thus: ' 1 was lately called before a right 
honourable presence of lords and others of his majesties 
counsel, by commandment, to satisfie the scrupulous con- 
sciences of certain discontented persons, who proposed many 
things against the authority and government of bishops, but 
in fine would neither oppose nor answer in the doubts which 
themselves proposed. Kennet.] 

' [Dedicated to Henry, prince of Wales. Rawliksox. 
Bodl. 8vo. G. (J3. Th.l ■ 

Vol. II. 



which two books the author shews himself an 
able civilian, and excellently well read in authors 
of his facultv- He paid his last debt to nature 
at York, and was buried in the North isle of the 
(-athedral there. Soon after was a comely monu- 
ment fastned to the wall near to his grave, witli 
his efligies in a civilian's gown kneeling before 
a desk, ^ with a book thereon, and these verses 
under, 

Non vidua; cariiere viris, non patre pupillus, 
Dum stelit hie patria; virque patenjue sua;. 

Ast quod Swiiiburniis viduarum scripsit in usum, 
Longius a-'tcrno marmore vivet opus. 

Scribere supremas hinc discat quisque tabellas, 
£t cupiat qui sic vixit, ut ille niori. 

There is no day or year on the monument to 
shew when this H. Swinburne died, neither any 
register belonging to the cathedral, and therefore 
I have put him under the year 1620, wherein he 
was in great esteem for his learning. 

[Henry Swinburne of York, doctor of the civil 
law, matie his last will, dated May 30, 1623, and 
proved June 12, 1624, whereby he commended 
his soul to God Almighty, his Creator, Redeemer 
and Comforter, &c. and his body to be buried 
near his former wife, and constituted Margaret 
his then wife executrix. And by a codicil there- 
unto annexed, dated July 15, 1623, he gave to his 
son Toby his dwelling house in York, to hold to 
him and the heirs of Yds body, with remainder to 
his son's uncle John Wentworth and to his heirs 
for ever, paying yearly to the lord-mayor of York 
for the time being, the sum of four or five pounds, 
to be yearly distributed for ever amongst the 
poor of the city of York as he directs. Drake, 
Eboracum, page 377-] 

MICHAEL AVIGMORE was bom 3 of a gen- 
teel family in Somersetshire, entred a commoner 
in Magd. hall l602, aged 14, elected when bach. 
of arts (as a native ot the dioc. of Gloucester) 
fellow of Oriel coll. an. I6O8. After he had pro- 
ceeded in his faculty, he took upon him the sa- 
cred function, and became a painful and zealous 
preacher, and a publisher of. 

Several Sermons, as, (1) The holy Cilt/ disco- 
vered, besieged and delivered. On Eccles. 9- 14, 
1,5. Lond. 1619. qu. [Bodl. 4to. W. 8. Th.] (2) 
The Way of all Flesh. On Prov. 4. 1. Lond. I619. 
qu. [Bodi. 4to. W. 10. Th.] (3) The good Ad- 
venture On Rev. 4. 2, 3. Lond. I6CO qu. &c. 
One Mich. Wigniore was author of a serni. entit. 
The Dissection of' the Brain. On Isa. 9- 15. printed 
1641. which person I take to be the same with 
the former. When our author Mich. Wigmore 

* [This has been engraved for Drake's Eloracum, folio, 
1736.] 
» lUg. Matric. p. pag. 592. 

u 



CUr. 
1630. 



CI«r. 
1620. 



291 



STAFFORD. 



GYFFARD. 



292 



Clar. 
l6S0. 



[456] 



of Oriel died, or where he was beneficed, I can- 
not yet tell. Quaere. 

[rte was rector of Thorseway in Lincolnshire, 
and wrote. 

The Meteors, a Sermon preached at a visita- 
tion, on Matth. v. 14. Lond. 1633, 4to. Dedi- 
cated to Tho. lord Coventry, lord keeper, 15 Dec. 
1632. Rawlinson.] 

ROBERT STAFFORD, a knight's son, was 
bom within the city of Dublin in Ireland, entred 
a sojourner in Exeter coil, under the tuition of 
Mr. Job. Prideaux, an. l604. aged 16, but took 
no degree as I can yet find. He published, 

A Geographical and Anthologicul Description 
of all the Empires and Kiugdoms, both of Conti- 
nent and Islands in this Terrestrial Ghtbe, &.c. 
Lond. 1618. and 34. qu. [Bodi. B. 8. 10. Line] 
Usher'd into the world by the commendatory 
verses of Tho. Rogers, Caspar Thonuvnnus of 
Zurich (sometimes an Oxf. student) J oh. Glanvill 
and Joh. Prideaux. Which last was supposed 
to have had a chief hand in the compiling the 
said book, as the tradition goes in Exeter coll. 
The said Rob. Stafford lived afterwards in Devon, 
(at Dowlton, I think) and had a son of the same 
coll. 

GEORGE GYFFARD, or GiFPord," was a 
student in Hart-hall several years before 15fi8, 
(10 Eliz.) at which time did also study there 
others of his sirname and allies, as Humphrey, 
Walter, and Rob. Gilford, but whether our author 
George was originallj' of this university, or that 
he took a degree in arts, law, physic, or divinity 
therein, it doth not at all (perhaps by the imper- 
fectness of the registers) appear. Several persons 
in his time and before, did, tho' they were bene- 
ficed, retire to this university purposely to im- 
prove themselves in learning and by conversa- 
tion, and 'tis supposed that this Gilford did the 
like. Afterwards he became minister of Maldon 
in Essex, a very noted preacher,' and one most 
admirably well vers'd in several sorts of learning, 
which were rare and much in esteem in his time, 
but withal a great enemy to Popery. His works 
are. 

Country Divinity, containing a Discourse of 
certain Points of Religion, which are among the 
common Sort of Christians, with a plain Coiiftita- 
tion thereof . Lond. 1581. [and according to Her- 
bert, Typ, Antiq. 1123, in the following year,] 
Oct. 

Dialogue between a Papist and a Protestant, 
applied to the Capacity of the Unlearned. Lond. 
1583. oct. 

♦ [See some account of another George Gifford, probably 
this author's father, in Warton's Life of Sir Thomas Pope, 
edit. 1780, page 326.] 

' [And a noted puritan. See Strype's Life oj Whiteift, 
p. 158, 167, and Life of Aylmer, p. 109. Watts.] 



Against the Priesthood and Sacrifice of the 

Church of Rome, wherein you may pe retire their 

Impiety, in usurping that Office and Action, 

which ever appertaineth to Christ only. Lond. 

1584. oct. 

Catechism, giving a most excellent Light to those 

that seek to enter the Path-Way to Salvation. 

Lond. 1586. oct. 

Discourse of the subtile Practices of Devils by 
Witches and Sorcerers, [their Antiquity, Sorts 

and Names] Lond. 1587. qu. [Bodi. 4to. G. 18. 

Th.] 

Short Treatise against the Donatists of England, 

whom we call Brownists ; Khcrein bij Answer unto 
their Writings, their Heresies are noted. Loud. 
1590. qu. 

Plain Declaration that our Brozvnists be full 
Donatists, by comparing them together from Point 
to Point out of the Writings of Augustin. Lond. 
1591.' qu. [Bodi. 4to. C. 69. Th.] 

Reply to Mr. .Joh. GreenzcoodT and Hen. Bar 
row touching read Prayer wherein their gross Ig- 
norance is detected. — Tliese two last are [printed 
together and] dedicated to sir Will. Cecill lord 
Burleigh, chanc. of Cambridge. 

Dialogue concerning Witches and Witchcrafts. 
In which is laid open how craftily the Devil de- 
ceiveth, not only the Witches, but many other, &c. 
Lond. 1593. and l603. qu. 

Treatise of true Fortitude. Lond. 94. oct. 
Comment, or Sermons on the whole Book of the 
Revelations. Lond. 1596, [1599,] qu. 

Exposition on the Canticles. Lond. 1612. oct. 
Besides all these books, he hath 

Several Sermons extant, as (1) Sermon on the 
Parable of the Sower. On Matth. 13. ver. 1. to 
9. Lond. 1581. oct. (2) Sermon on 9, Pet. ver. 1. 
to 11. Lond. 1584. oct. (3) Serm. on Jam. 2. 
ver. 14. to 26. Lond. 86. oct. (4) Sermon on the 

first four Chapt. and part of the 5 of Ecclesiastes, 
&c. Pr. at the same place 1589. oct. (5) Serm. 
at Paul's Cross, On Psal. 133. Lond. 1591- oct. 
(6) Two Sej^nojis on 1 Pet. 5. 8, 9- xchercin is 
shewed that the Devil is to be resisted only by a 
stedfast Faith, &c. Lond. 1598. oct. [Bodi. 8vo. 
A. 65. Th.] (7) Four Sermons upon several Parts 
of Scripture. Lond. 1598. oct. [Bodi. 8vo. A. 65. 
Th.] The first sermon is on 1 Tim. 6. 17, 18, 19, 
&.C. (8) Fifteen Sermons on the Song of Solomon. 
Lond. 1620. oct. [Bodi. 8vo. G. 117- Th.] He 
also translated into English, Prelections upon the 
sacred and holy Revelation of St. John. Lond. 
1573. qu. Written in Latin by Dr. Will. Fulke 
of Cambridge. This George Cifford hath written, 
and translated other things, which I have not 

« [See Herbert, Typ. jintiq. 1245. J 

' [Literae dimissoriae Malthei Cant, ar'epi, ut Joh'es 
Greenwood, A.M. de Canlabrig. Elicn. dioc. aquocunque 
Catholico ep'o ad sacros ordines admilatur. Dat. Lam- 
behith. vii Sept. 1565 ; n're consecr. sexto. Reg. Parker, 
254. Kennet.] 



293 



PETRUCCI. 



NEWSTEAD. 



KING. 



294 



I 



yet seen, and lived to a good old age, but when 
he died it appears not. 

[Geo. Giflaid, cl. A.M. admiss. ad vie. Omn. 
Setoi" et S. Petri annex, in Maldon, Essex, 30 
Aug. 1382. 

Marcus Wiersdale ad eund. 18 Jan. 1584, per 
deprivationem Giffard. Reg. Grindall. 

Strype, JJfe of li. Kilmer, p. 109, thinks, he 
was restored to Maldon, but that does not appear. 
Ken NET. 

Add to his works 

A god/ie, zealous and profitable Sermon upon 
the second Chapter of St. James, at London, and 
published at the Request of sundrie godly and well 
disposed Persons. Lond. 1583, )2ino. 

Eight Sermotis upon the foure Jirst Chapters, 
and Part of the fifte of Ecclesiastes, preached at 
Maldon. Lond. J589. i2mo. Kawlinson. 

And 

Four Sermons vppon the seuen chiefe Vertues or 
principall Effectes of Faith, and the Doctrine of 
Election. Lond. 1584. 8vo.] 

LUDOVISIO PETRUCCI, or a Petbuc- 
ciOLi, or as he writes himself, Lldovicus Pe- 
TRUccius, ' infelix eques,' son of Ariodant or Ari- 
bf dante Petrucci, was born at Sienna ^ Petigliano 

'' [457] i" Tuscany, educated partly in juvenile learning 

i in his own country, but before he had made pro- 

•f ficiency in academicals, he became a soldier of 

fortune, first in Greet for the Venetians, where he 
was serjeaiit-major, in l602, secondly in the Hun- 
garian wars, where he was captain of a foot com- 
pany in the regiment, first of count Salma, and 
afterwards in that of colonel Ferdinand dc Colo- 
nitch, serving for the emperor, and at length in 
the services of the prince of Brandenburg and 
Nuburgh. But being unfortunate in all his un- 
dertakings he left the trade of war, and retiring 
into England, took a journey to Oxon. in 1610, 
and was entred into the public library in the begin- 
ning of the year following. About that time he 
was a commoner of S. Edmund's-hall, as he was 
afterwards of Bal. coll. wore a gown, spent four 
years or more in academical learning, and fre- 
quented the prayers and sacraments according to 
the church of "England. But being notwith- 
standing suspected for a Papist, or at leait Pop- 
ishly affected, and to keep intelligence with that 
party, several objections were made against him 
for the inconvenicncy and evil consequence that 
might happen from his long continuance in the 
university. Whereupon he was forced, or at 
least desired, to depart, such were the jealousies 
of the puritanical party in the university. He 
hath written, 

Farrago Poematum, diversis Locis 8; Tempori- 
bus comcriptornm, &c. Oxon. 161.3. in Ital. and 
Lat. in qu. [Bodl. 4to. E. 1 1. Art.] 

Orntio ad D. Joh. Bapt. Bernardum Prtcto- 
rem Pataviniim iSf miiversam Curiam, in Vigiliis 
Paschatis. Printed with the former book. 



ylpologia contra Calumniatoret tuos. Lond. 
1619. qu. 

Emblemata varia, dedicata Regibus, Principi- 
bus &; Magnatibus. 

Epistola ad D. Georg. Abbot, Archiep, Cantuar. 
Domino Franc. Bacon, supremo Angl. Cane. Si 
Gulielmo Comiti Pembrochice. 

Poemata varia. 

Oratio composita quando statuit relinquere 
Academiam Oxon. 18 Aug. 1614. Which four ^'"• 
last things were printed with his Apologia, &c. ^ * 
1619. What other books he hath published, I 
cannot justly tell. However from those before 
mention'd, it appears that the author was a phaii- 
tastical and unsettled man, and delighted, as it 
seems, in rambling. 

[Rime al Re J. I. MS. in the royal collec- 
tion, 14 A vii. 

There is a portrait of Petruchii, in quarto, 
without the engraver's name, with some lines in 
Latin, by Thomas Pothecary, mentioned in a 
former part of these Athene.] 

CHRISTOPHER NEWSTEAD, third son 

of Tho. Newstead of Somercotes in Lincolnshire, 
was born in that county, became a commoner of 
S. Albans-hall in l6l5, aged 18 years or there- 
abouts, continued there tul after he was bache- 
lor's standing, and wrote. 

An Apologj/for Women : Or, the Woman's De- 
fence. Lond. 1620. Oct. Dedicated to the coun- ciar. 
tess of Bucks. Afterwards he retired into the 1620. 
country, studied divinity, had a benefice con- 
ferr'd upon him, and tho' he never took any degree 
in arts in this university, yet he took that of 
bach, of div. 1631. which is all I know of hira. 

[Christ. Newsted, S. T. B. coll. ad. preb. de 
Cadington Minor, 25 Aug. I66O, per mort. Tho. 
Soixm. Rob. Bretton. S. T. P. ad eand. prab. 
23 Mar. 1662, per mortem Newsted. Reg. Lond. 
Ken net.] 

JOHN KING, son of Philip King of Wor- 
menhale, commonly called Wornal, near to Brill 
in Bucks, (by Elizabeth his wife, daughter of 
Edni. Conquest of Houghton Conquest in Bed- 
fordshire) son of Thorn. King, brother to Rob. 
King, the first bishop of Oxon, was born at Wor- 
nel before-mentiou'd, educated in grammar learn- 
ing partly in Westminster •school, became stu- 
dent of Ch. church in 1576, look the degree in 
arts, made chaplain to Q. Eliz. as he was after- 
wards to K.James, installed archdeacon of Not- 
tingham 12. Aug. 1590, upon the death of Joh. 
Lowth, (successor to AV^ill. Day 1565,) at which 
time he was a preacher in the city of York. Af- 
terwards he was niade chaplain to Egerton lord 
keeper, proceeded D. of D. 1()02, had the dean- 
ery of Ch. ch. in Oxon conferr'd upon him in 
1605,' and was afterwards several years togeiiier 

' [Installed, August 4, lG04, according to Willis. Calht- 
drals, 440.] 

u a 



295 



KING. 



296 



vice-chanc. of this university. In 1611, he had 
the bisboprick of London bestowed on him by 
K. James 1. who commonly called him the king of 
preachers, to which being consecrated 8 Sept. the 
[458] same year, had» restitution of the temporalities 
belonging to that see made to him 18 of the same 
month, at which time he was had in great reve- 
rence by all people. " In an epistle to king James 
" I. written by a Christ-church man and sub- 
" scribed by 32 students, whereby they unani- 
" mously desire his majesty to confer upon Dr. 
" John King S. T. D. bred up a student in their 
" college, the deanery of Christ church, about to 
" be made void by the promotion of Dr. Thomas 
" Ravis to the see of Glocester, thoy say thus of 
" liiin, that he is ' clarissimum lumen Anglicana; 
" ecclesise, qui olim prfpsens ea prajcepta doo 
" trinae ad omnium institutiouem tradidit, ea ex- 
" empla vita^, ad omnium imitationem proposuit, 
" ut qui felices nos ipsi putavinius, hoc studiorum 
" nostrorum socio tantum & comite, codem stu- 
" diorum duce ac praeside, felicissinios futuros 
" arbitraremur,' Sac." He was a solid and pro- 
found divine, of great gravity and piety, and had 
so excellent a volubility of speech, that sir Edw. 
Coke the famous lawyer would often say of him 
that he was the best speaker in the star-chamber 
in his time. When he was advanced to the see of 
London, he endeavoured to let the world ' know 
tliat that place did not cause him to forget his 
office in the pulpit, shewing by his example that 
a bishop might govern and preach too. In which 
office he was so frequent, that unless hindred by 
want of health, he omitted no Sunday, whereon 
he did not visit some pulpit in or near London. — 
* Deus bone, quam canora vox, (saith ^ one) vultus 
compositus, verba selecta, grandes sententite ! 
AUicimur omnes lepore verborum, suspendimur 
gravitate sententiarum, oration is impelu & viribus 
ilectimur,' &,c. He hath written. 

Lectures upon Jonas, delivered at York. Lond. 
1594. Ox. 99.3 qu. [and Lond. I6l8, Bodl. 4to. 
K. 3. Th.J 

Several Sermons, viz. (1) Sermon at Hampton 
Court. On Cantic. 8. 11. Ox. 1 606. qu. (2) 
At Ox. 5 Nov. 1607. On Psal. 46. from ver. 7- 
to 11. Ox. 1607. qu. [Bodl. 4to. K. 1. Th.J (3) 
Jt Whitehall 5 Nov. l608. On. Psal. 1 1. 2, 3, 4. 
Ox. 1608. qu. (4) :At S. Mari/s in Ox. 24 Mar. 
being the Daj/ of his Maj. Inaiiguration. On 1 
Chron. ult. 26, 27, 28. Ox. 1608. qu. [Bodl. 4to. 
K. 1. Th.] (5) Vitis Palatina. Serrn. appointed 
to be preached at White-Hall upon the Tuesday 
after the Marriage of the Ladtj Elizab. On Psal. 
28. 3. Lond. I6l4. qu. (6) Serm. at Paul's 

9 Pui.g. Jac. 1. p. 3. 

• Ch. Hist, by Th. Fuller, lib. 10. an. l621. 
L^ Will. Hull. D. D. in bis epist. dedic. to Joh. King B. of 
ondon before his book emit. The harbourUst Guest, &c. 
Lond. Ifil4 qu. 

J [Ptiiitcd also at Oxford, by Jos. Barnes, with a funeral 
sermon upon John, lord arclibishop of York. Baker.] 



Cross for the Recovery of K. James from his late 
Sickness, preached 11 Apr. I6l9. On Isa. 38. 17. 
Lond. 1619. qu. [Bodl. 4to. K. 1. Th.] (,7) At 
Paules Crosse [o« behalfe of Pavles Chiarh,] 26 
Mar. 1620. On Psal. 102. 13, 14. Lond. 1620. 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. K. 1. Th.] Besides these he pub- 
lished others, as one on 2 Kings 23. 25. Printed 
I6ll.« Another on Psal. 123^3. and a third on 
Psal. 146. 3, 4, &c. ]>rinted all in qu. but these 
three 1 have not yet seen. He paid his last debt 
to nature 30 March ^ in sixteen hundred twenty 
and one, aged 62, having before been much trou- 
bled with tlie stone in the reins and bladder,* and 
was buried in the cath. ch. of S. Paul in London. 
A copy of his epitaph you may see in the history 
of that cathedral, written by sir \\ ill. Dugdale 
knight. Soon after bishop King's death, the Rom. 
Catholics endeavoured to make the world believe 
that the said bishop died a member of their church; 
and to that end one of them named Gregory 
Fisher alias Musket did write and publish a book 
entit. The Bishop of London his Legacy. Or, 
certain Motives of Dr. King late Bishop of Lon- 
don, for his Change of Religion, and dying in the 
Cath. and Rom. Church, with a Conclusion to his 
Brethren the Bishops of England. Printed by 
permission of the superiors, 1621.' But concern 
ing the falsity of that matter, his son Hen. King 
not only satisfied tlie world in a sermon by him 
preached at Paul's cross soon after,* but also Dr. 
Godwin, bishop of Hereford, in his Appendix to his 
Commentarius de Prtesulihus Angliir, printed 1622, 
and Joh. Gee in his book called The Foot out of 
the Snare, cap. 12. The reader is to know that 
there was one Joh. King? contemporary with the 
former, who published a sermon entit. Abets 
Offering, &c. On Gen. 4. ver. 4. printed at Flush- 
ing 1621. qu. and other things. But this Joh. 
Kmg was pastor of the English church at Ham- 
burgh, and whether he was of this univ. of Oxon. 
I cannot yet tell. 

♦ [The two last : Sermons on the Funeral of Archbishop 
Piers, and on thd Q. day. Sydenham] 

' Cambden in his Annals of K. Jam. I. MS. saith, he died 
on the 29 March. 

' [A large stone was taken from him fourteen years before 
he died, which is preserved in the museum of St. John's col- 
lege, Oxford. Vv ATTS.] 

' [The edition of this book, which I have seen, is printed 
without any place mentioned, in l624, and 1 dare venture to 
say, there was no former edition. It is in octavo. C01.E.] 

" [A Sermon preached at Pavls Crosse, the 25 of November, 
1621, vpon 0(casiiin of that false and scandalous Report 
(lately printed) touching the supposed Aposta>ie of the right 
reuerind Father in God, John King, late Lord Bishop of 
London, liy Henry King, his eldest Sonne. Uliereuntn is 
amicjed the Kxainination, and Answerc of Thomas Frestou, 
P. taken before my Lord's Grace of Canterbury, touching this 
Scandall. Published by authority. At London, Imprinted 
by Felix Kungston, for JVilliam Bamt, 1621. Bodl. 4lo. 
K. l.Th.] 

» [Joh'es King coll. Mcrton Oxon. socius, S. T. P. instal- 
latus in canonicatu Windsor, £.3 Nov. I0l5 ; prebendar. 
Westmon. rector de Stourton in Wilts. Frith, Catal. 
Ken NET.] 



1621. 



297 



GUILLIM. 



298 



[459] 



[1580, 3 Aug. Joh. King A. M. coUatus ad 
eccl'iam S'ctarum Annae et Agnetis, civit. Lond. 
per resign. Edwardi Edgeworth. Reg. Aylmer, 
ep'i Lond. 

1597, 10 Maij. Joh. King, S. T. B. admiss. ad 
eccl. S'cti AndresB in Holbom, per promotionem 
Ricardi Bancroft, ad ep'atuin. Lond. ad pres. re- 
ginae. Rfg- Bancroft. 

1599, IG Oct. Joh. King S. T. B. admiss. ad 
preb. de Sneating per promotionem Will'i Cotton 
ad ep'atum Exon. lb. 

In ep'um London confirmatus die 7 Sept. 
1611. 

I6l 1, 9 Sept. Geo. Pricket A. M. admissus ad 
eccl. S. Andreae Holborn, per promotionem Joh. 
King ad ep'atum London, ad pres. regis. 

1611, 11 Sept. Will. Ballow S. 1 . B. admiss. 
ad preb. de Sneating per promotionem Joh. King 
ad ep'atum London. lb. Kennet. 

Dr. King preached at the funeral of archbishop 
Piers 17 Nov. 1594, and this remark has been 
made upon the sermon, that it was a pity it had 
not contain'd more history, and less of the au- 
thor's own learning. Le Neve's Lives of the Arch- 
bish. of York, 8vo. 1720, p. 78, 9- Watts. 

King had the prebend of Milton manor in the 
church of Lincoln, December 16, 16I0.' 

Tiiere are two engraved portraits of this bishop 
from the original at Christ church. One by 
Simon Pass, the other by Francis Delaram. They 
are both in 4to.J 

JOHN GUILLIM, or Agilliams, son of John 
Williams of Westbury in Glocestershire, received 
some academical education in Oxon. but in what 
house I am uncertain. 1 find one of both his 
names, who was a student in Brasen-nose coll. in 
the year 1581, aged 16. and another of Gloc. hall, 
1598, aged 25. Both which were, according to 
the Matricula, born in Herefordshire, in which 
county the author of The Worthies of England 
places Jo. Guillim the herald, (of whom we now 
speak) who afterwards retired to Minsterworth in 
Glocestershire, was soon after called thence, and 
made one of the society of the coll. of arms, com- 
monly called the ' Herald's Office' in London by 
the name of Portsmouth, and on ^ the 26th of 
Feb. 1617, Rouge Croix pursevant of arms in or- 
dinary. He published. 

The Display of Heraldry. Lond. 16 10,3 [Bodl. 
H. 8. 7. Art. 1632, Bodl. CC. 3. Art. 1638. Bodl. 
I 2. 9 Med.-» and London 1722.] &.c. fol. Writ- 

' [Willis, Survey of Lincoln Cathedral, page 223.] 

' Pat. \5.Jac. 1. p. 10. 

^ [One Mr. Dale, belonging to the Herald's Office, told 
Dr. Hudson, that the first edition of GuilUin's Heraldry, \% 
much the best : the rest h.uing been almost spoyled by igno- 
rant persons taking care of it. Hearne, MS. Colleclions, 
V. 324 1 

♦ riTie Bodleian copies of 161O and l638 are both embla- 
zoned. The latter formerly belonged to bishop Barlow and 
contains his MS. notes. On tlic title page is the following : 



ten mostly (especially the scholastical part) by 
John Barcham of C. C. coll. in Oxon. In \6G0 
came out two editions of it in fol. with many insig- 
nificant, superfluous, and needless additions to It, 
purposely to gain money from those, whose coatg 
of arms the publishers added, without any conside- 
ration had to the spoiling of the method of the 
book. One of the said editions was put out by 
Alexander Nowersa herald painter, burned in his 
bed,* in his house about Lothbury, •Towhichhe 
behind the Exohango, within the «<ent drunk. 
city of London, by a fire that orca- I'"'"' edition, 
sionally hapjjened in those parts, 25 Julv H)70. 
The other edition was put out by Rich. Bloomc, 
then a kind of tin arms painter (but origintdly a 
ruler of books and paper) who hath since prac- 
tised, for divers years, progging tricks in employ- 
ing necessitous persons to write in several arts, 
and to get contributions of noblemen to promote 
the work. What he hath done as to the arms, 
crests, and supporters of the nobility, is most 
egregiously erroneous, and false also in the quar- 
terings. In 1679 he set forth the said book 
again, (which is the fifth edition) whh the pictures 
at large of several of the nobility, whereby the 
book is so much disguised, that I verily believe if 
the author, or authors of it were living, they 
could scarce know it. To the said edition is 
added, Analogia Ilonorum : Or, a Treatise of Ho- 
nour and Nohility, &c. in two parts. Said by 
Bloome to have been written by c<ipt. John Logan 
of Idbury in Oxfordshire, but qu. This person 
Bloome, is esteemed by the chiefest heralds a 
most impudent person ; and the late industrious 
Garter (sir W. D.) hath told me, that he gets a 
livelyhood by bold practices, and that he is the 
pretended author of a book called Britannia, Or, 
a Geographical Description of the Kingdom of 
England, Scotland and Ireland, &.c. Lond. 1673, 
fol. [Bodl. E. 2. 5. Art.] scribled and transcribed 
from Cambden's Britannia and Speed's Mvps, as 
also the publisher of Cosmography and Geography, 
in two parts, &c. As for Guillim the herald, he 
died on the 7th of May sixteen hundred twenty 
one, but where buried unless at Minsterworth, I 
know not, for the register belonging to tiie church 
of St. Beiinet near" to Paul's "V\'harf (in which 
parish the Heralds office is situated) doth not 
mention any thing of his burial there. 

[The information that Guillim was not the real 
author of The Display of Heraldry, came from sir 
William Dugdale; who in a letter to our author, 
dated Blyth hall, Sept. 5, l683, says, ' As for the 
book of heraldry that goes under the name of 
Guillim, I can assure you it was none of his wri- 
ting, for I have it from certain tradition of several 
of our old kings of armour and heraldry who knew 
him well, that Dr. Barcham, who was chaplain to 

' Toy" Painter 1/i. lOs." This ciisloin of emblazoning copies 
for the pxirchasers tif a higlier class seems to ha\ e Ixs-n gene- 
ral when the book first came out.] 



16S1. 



299 



HARIOT. 



300 



arclibishop Abbot wrot it in his younger years, 
but deeming it to be too light a subject tor him to 
own, gave this John Guilliin leave to pubUsh it 
in his own name, and tliis did Dr. Barcham's bro- 
ther, a learned proctor in Doctor's Commons, tell 
me above 40 years ago.' Now, Ballard ^ remarks 
altho' this affair is so positively published by Mr. 
Wood, from the authority of that truly great man 
sir W. Dugdale, yet it's very evident from the 
original MS. wrote with Mr. Guillim's own hand, 
which I have now before me, that this charge is 
verj' unjustly brought against him. 'Tis a folio 
containing 438 pages wrote in a very small hand, 
with black, red and green ink. The drawings are 
some of 'em finely painted in colours, others 
drawn with a pencil, but the greater part with a 
pen, many of which are very masterly clone. The 
book has not the least resemblance of a transcript, 
but from the many interlineings, rasurcs, correc- 
tions, and other circumstances, it very evidently 
appears to have been Mr. Guillim's own per- 
formance. And if ever you should see the MS. 
I doubt not but you will very readily give me 
your suffrage in this affair. The book was began 
as the author notes on the title page, in the year 
1595, and of his age 44. I can't perceive any 
thing so very extraordinary in the performance, 
but that Mr. Gwillim might be very capable of 
compleating it in 14 years time, and I think I 
may very safely conclude, that there's nothing 
more of truth in sir William's account than this ; 
that Dr. Barcham being a general scholar, and 
one of the most communicative men of that age, 
hearing of Guillim's design, might possibly com- 
municate such notes as he had collected in that 
■way, from whence, in alt probability sprung this 
false report. From Mr. Guillim's age mentioned 
in the title of his manuscripts, may be observed 
that he was neither of those Guillims mentioned 
by Mr. Wood, he being 14 years elder than either 
of 'em. And that he died about the 70th year of 
his age.' 

I am of opinion, that there is much foundation 
for what Ballard has offered in defence of Guillim, 
although Wood's authority was so high as to 
acquit him of any intentional error in ascribing 
the greater part of the Heraldry to Barcham. 
From an inspection of one of Guillim's MS. 
volumes of Collectanea in the Bodleian (Raw/. B. 
102.) it is clear that he was master of the Latin 
and French languages, and a diligent collector of 
whatever related to his profession.] 

THOMAS HARIOT, or Harhiot, tumbled 
out of his mother's womb into the lap of the 
Oxonian muses, an. 1560, but in what parish I 
cannot yet tell. All the registers that begin before 
that time (namely that of S. Ebbe, S. Aldate, S. 
Thomas, which begins that year, S. Michael, AU- 

• 'u'-'^."^],"?' *^"*' ^™"* ^^°^S^ Ballard to Dr. Rawlinson 
10 the Bodleian.] 



Saints and S. Peter in the East) I have searched, 
but cannot find his name. 'I'hat of S. Mary's 
parish, wherein I suppose this our author was 
born, hath been lost several years, and there is 
no register remaining, that goes above the year 
1599- After he had been instructed in grammar 
learning within this city of his birth, became 
either a batler or commoner of S. Mary's hall, 
wherein undergoing the severe discipline then, 
and there, kept up by Rich. Pygot and Thom. 
Philipson the principals thereof, lie took the de- 
gree of bac. ot arts in 1579, and in the latter end 
of that year did compleat it by determination in [460] 
Schoolstreet. Soon after coming to the know- 
ledge of that heroic knight sir W. Raleigh, for 
his admirable skill in the mathematics, he eiiter- 
tain'd him in his family, allowed ' him an yearly 
pension, and was instructed by him at leisure 
hours in that art. In 1584 he went with the said 
knight, and first colony, into Virginia, where be- 
ing settled, he was imployed in the discovery 
and surveying thereof, and to make what know- 
ledge he could of the commodities it yielded, 
and concerning the inhabitants and their manners 
and customs. After his return into England, sir 
Walter got him into the acquaintance of that 
noble and generous count, Henry earl of Nor- 
thumberland, who finding him to be a gentleman 
of an affable and peaceable nature, and well read 
in the obscure parts of learning, he did allow him 
an yearly pension of 120/. About the same time 
Rob. Hues and Walter Warner, two other mathe- 
maticians, who were known also to the said count, 
did receive from him yearly pensions also, but of 
less value, as did afterwards Nich. Torperley, 
whom I shall mention elsewhere. So that when 
the said earl was committed prisoner to the Tower 
of London in 1606, to remain there during life, 
our author. Hues, and W arner, were his constant 
companions, and were usually called the earl of 
Northumberland's three magi. They had a table 
at the earl's charge, and the earl himself did con- 
stantly converse with them, either singly or all 
together, as sir Walter, then in the Tower, did. 
Our author Hariot was a great acquaintance with 
sir Tho. Aylesbury, knt. a singular lover of learn- 
ing and of the mathematic arts. To whom Dr. 
Rich. Corbet sending ' a poem when the blazing 
star appeared, dated 9 Dec. I6l8, doth, by the 
way, mention our author thus, 

Now for the peace of God and men advise, 
(Thou that hast wherewithal to make us wise) 
Thine own rich studies, and deep Harlot's 

mine. 
In which there is no dross, but all refine. 

But notwithstanding his great skill in mathema- 
tics, he had strange thoughts of the scripture, and 

* Pref. R. Hakluyt ad Orbem Novum, scriptum per Mart 
Angler. Par. 1687. 

' In bis Poems, printed at Load. l672. p. £6. 



301 



HARIOT. 



302 



[461] 



always undervalued the old story of the creation 
of the world, and could never believe that trite 
position, E.T riihilo nihil Jit. He made a Philoso- 
phical Theulogy, wherein he cast off the old tes- 
tament, so iliat consequently the new would 
have no foundation. He was a Deist, and his 
doctrine he did impart to the said count, and to 
sir Walt. Ralciu;h when he was compiling the 
llistori/ of the U'orld, and would controvert the 
matter with eminent divines of those times ; who 
tlierefore having no good opinion of him, did 
look on the manner of his death (which 1 shall 
anon mention) as a judgment upon him for those 
matters, and for nullifying the scripture. When 
he was a young man he was stiled by an ' author 
of note, ' juvenis in illis disciplinis' (meaning in 
the mathematics) ' excellens.' When in his mid- 
dle age, by « another ' homo natus ad artes illus- 
trandas,' &c. and when dead hy a ' third of greater 
note, ' mathematicus insignis.' His epitaph which 
was made, or caused to be made, by his execu- 
tors, or those to whom he left his goods, books, 
and writings, viz. sir T. Aylesbury before men- 
tion'd, and Rob. Sidney viscount Lisle, saith, that 
' omnes scicniias calluit, 8i in omnibus excelluit ; 
mathematicis, philosophicis, theologicis, veritatis 
indagator studiosissimus, Dei Triniunius cultor 
piissimus,' &c. As for his writings they are 
these, 

A brief and true Report of the New-found Land 
of Virginia; of the Commodilies there found to be 
raised, &c. Lond. 1588, qu. [Bodl. A. 17- 2. 
Line] Put into Latin by C. C. A. and published 
and adorned with many admirable cuts, by Theo- 
dore de Brv of Liege Francof. ad Moenum 

1590, fol. [Bodl. A. 3. 14. Art.] The English 
copy is mostly, if not all, involved in the third 
vol. of R. Hakluyt's Forages, p. 266, &c. 

Epkemeris Chyrometrica, MS. in the library at 
Sion coll. Lond. 

Artis jiHalyticte Praxis, ad Aqtiationes Algt- 
braicas nova expeditd Sf generali Methodo, resol- 
vendas, Tractatiis posthumiis, &ic. Lond. 1631, in 
a thin fol. and dedic. to Henry E. of Northum- 
berland. [Bodl. F. 2. 12. Art. Seld.] The sum 
of this book coming into the hands of Aylesbury 
before-mention'd, Walt. Warner did undertake 
to perfect and publish it, conditionally, that Al- 
gernon eldest son of the said Henry E. of Nor- 
thumb. would, after his father's death, continue 
his pension to him during his natural life. Which 
being granted at the earnest desires and entrea- 
ties of Aylesbury made to that lord, Warner took 
a great deal of pains in it, and at length published 
it in that sort as we sec it now extant. By the 
way it must be known that this Walt. Warner 
was a Leicestershire man born, but whether edu- 

• Hackluytus ut sup. in prsef. 

' Math. Torperley in praefat. ad Declides Ccelemetricas, 
tec. an. 16C2. 

' Cambden in Annal Jac. 1. MS. sub. an. l621. 



cated in this university, I cannot as yet find, that 
he Wii8 esteemed as good a philosopher as mathe- 
matician, that he made and invented a logarith* 
mical table, i. e. whereas Brigg's table fills his 
margin with numbers encreasing by unites, and 
over against them sets their logarithms, which, 
because of incommensurability, must needs either 
be abundant or deficient : Mr. Warner (like a 
dictionary of the Latin before the English) fill'd 
the margin with logarithms encreasing by unites, 
and di<l set to every one of them so many conti- 
nual mean proportionals between one and ten, 
and they for the same reason must also have the 
last figure incompleat. These after the death of 
Warner) came through the hands of one Tovey 
sometimes fellow of Christ's coll. in Cambridge, 
(afterwards beneficed in Leicestershire and took 
to wife the niece of Warner) into those of Herbert 
Thorndykc * prebend of Westminster, sometimes 
fellow of Trin. coll. in Cambridge, and from him 
after his death (which happened in Jul. 1672.) 
into those of Dr. Rich. Busby prebend of the said 
church. They were in number ten thousand ; but 
when John Pell D. D. sometimes a member of 
Trin. coll. in Cambridge, became acquainted with 
Warner, they were by him, or his direction, made 
an hundred thousand, as the diflference of hands 
will shew in the MS. if Dr. Busby will communi- 
cate it. He also (I mean Warner) wrote a Trea- 
tise of Coins and Coinage, in relation to Mint- 
Affairs ; a copy of which John Collins, accomptant 
to the royal fishery company, had in his posses- 
sion, but what became of it after his death, I 
know not. The sixth book of Optiques in Mar- 
sennus is generally said to be his, and the seventh 
is Hobbes's of Mahnsbury. He also did make it 
appear 3 in a MS. of his composition, that the 
blood in a body did circulate, which he commu- 
nicating to the immortal Harvey, he took his first 
hint thence concerning that matter, which he 
afterwards published as tiie first inventor. 1 have 
been informed by those that knew Warner well, 
that he had but one hand, and was born so ; that 
as he received a pension from the earl of Nor- 
thumberland, so did he, tho' smaller, from sirTho. 
Aylesbury, and lastly, that he died at the Wool- 
stable near the waters-side, not far from Northum- 
berland-house,(which is near Charing-Cross) where 
he commonly winter'd (but kept his summer with 
sir Thomas in Windsor park) much about the 

^ [lC42, •-' Jul. Herbert Thomdyke A. M. admiss. ad 
eccl'iamde liarley, pcrpromot. Uadi. Urownrigge adcp'atum 
lixon. ad pres. regis. Ken net. 

We have a niand-ite dated April 14, l6C3, for Herbert 
Thorndike, MA. Tim. Tliurcro,s S. T. B. and Bam. Oley 
A.M. to be doctors in divinity. The first and last never 
accepted. 

Sat. 13 July tC7C?. Herbert Thorndike preb. of Westmin- 
ster, buried at VVeslni. Mr. Rich. Smith's Obituary. 
Baker.] 

3 So used to say Dr. G. Morley sometimes B. of Winton, 
and Dr. John Pell, 



303 



TILLESLEY. 



MORE. 



304 



time when the Long parliament began, in Nov. 
1640, or rather in tlie latter end of the year, leav- 
ine: behind him a brother, who was high-sheriff 
of Leicestershire, or at least prick'd for that oflice, 
in the beginning of the rebellion that hapned 
under K. fch. L As for our author llariot, who 
for some time lived in Sion coll. near to London, 
l62I. he died 2 July in sixteen hundred twenty and 
one; whereupon his body was convcy'd to S. 
Christopher's ch. in London, by the brethren of 
the mathematical faculty, and by them commit- 
ted to the earth with solemnity. Over his grave 
was soon after erected a comely monument, with 
a large inscription thereon, but destroy'd with the 
church it self, by the dreadful fire that hapned in 
that city, in the beginning of Sept. in 1G66<. 
This person, tho' he was but little more than 60 
years of age, when he died, yet hiid not an un- 
usual and rare disease seized upon him, he might 
have attain'd, as 'tis thought, to the age of 80. 
The disease was an ulcer in the lip, and Dr. Alex. 
[462] Rhead was his physician, who, tho' he had cured 
many of vvorser, and more malignant, diseases ; 
yet he could not save him. In the Treatise of 
Ulcers, in the said Rhead's ' works, is this mention 
of him. ' Cancerous ulcers also seize on this 
part (the lip) Su;. This grief hastned the end of 
that famous mathematician Mr. Harriot, with 
whom I was acquainted but short time before his 

.death. Whom at one time, together with Mr. 

. Hues, who wrote of globes, Mr. Warner and Mr. 

. Torperley, the noble earl of Northumberland the 
favourer of all good learning, and Mecaiuas of 
learned men, maintained whilst he was in the 
Tower for their worth and various literature.' 

RICHARD TILLESLEY, son of Tho. Til" 
lesley of Eccleshall in Staffordshire by Katharine 
his wife, daughter of Rich. Barker of Shropshire, 
■was born in the city of Coventry, entred a com- 
moner in Bal. coll. in Lent-term 1597, aged 15, 
elected scholar of S. John's coll. two years after, 
took the degrees in arts, holy orders, and became 
chaplain to Dr. Buckridge, bishop of Rochester, 
whose niece he marrying (viz. Elizabeth, daugh- 

♦ [Sistc viator, leviter prcmc, 

Jacei hlc juxta. Quod morlale fuit 

C. V. 

Tliomse Harriot!. 

Hie fuit Doctissimiis ille Harriotus 

de Syon ad Flumen Thamcsin, 

Patria, et educalione 

Oxonicnsis 

Qui omnes Scientias celiuit. 

Qui in omnibus excelluit. 

Mathematicis, Philosophicis, Tlicologicis. 

Veritatis indagator studiosissinius, 

Dei Trini-unius cullor piissimus, 

SexaMnarius, aut eo circiter, 

Mortalitati valedixit, Non vita-, 

Anno Christi M.DC.XXl. Julii 2. 

SU)w's Survey of London, by Strype, Lond. 1720, part 1. 

book 2, p. 123.1 

* Printed at Lond. l650. Treat. 2. Lect. 26. 



ter of George Backridge) was thereby a way 
made for his preferment. In I6l3 he was ad- 
mitted bach, of divinity ; about wliich time be- 
ing rector of Kuckstone and Stone in Kent, he 
resigned his fellowship. Soon after he pro- 
ceeded in his faculty, and was by the favour of 
the said Dr. Buckridge, made archdeacon and 
prebend (some say dean, but false) of Rochester 
in the place of Dr. Tho. Sanderson; and higher 
would he have been promoted had he not unex- 
pectedly been cut off by death. He was a per- 
son of great reading aiul learning, as his writings 
shew. He was also very devout in the strict 
observance of all the church ceremonies, of the 
reasonableness of which, he convinced many that 
retired to him for satisfaction. He was one of 
the three that undertook to answer Selden's 
Hist, of Tithes, he and jNIontague the law-part, 
and St. Nettles the Rabinical or Judaieal. As for 
that which our author published, it bears this 
title, 

Animadversions on Mr. Selden's History of 
Tithes, and his lieviczo thereof. Lond. 1619, 
[Bodl. 4to. F. 26. Th.] and [corrected and 
amended] 21. qu. [Bodl. 4to. T. 19. Th.] What 
else he hath written ai:d published, it appears not, 
nor any thing besides, only that he dying, to the 
great reluctancy of all learned men, in the month 
of Nov. in sixteen hundred and twenty one, was 
buried in the choir of the eath. church of 
Rochester, leaving then behind him a son named 
John, who was an infant in l6i9. One Eliseus 
Burgess, whom I shall mention elsewhere, was 
installed archdeacon of Rochester in his room, on 
the 24tli of the said month of Nov. in l62l, who 
continued in that dignity till the grand rebellion 
broke out, and after. 

[He could not die in 1621, because in the 
printed list of convocation assembled at St. 
Pauls, Feb. 13, 1623, it is expressly entred, ' The 
Chapter by Rich. Tillesley, D.D. archdeac. of 
Rochester.' Ken net. 

He took the degree of D.D. in 1617.] 

FRANCIS MORE, son of Edw. More, gent, 
by Elizab. his wife, daughter and heir of one 
Hall of Tileherst in Berks, received his first breath 
at East Hildesley or Ildesley near to Wantage in 
the said county, where his name yet continues, 
educated in grammar learning at Reading, en- 
tred a commoner in S. John's coll. 1574, or 
thereabouts, continued there till near bachelor's 
standing, and then he retired to the Middle- 
Temple ; where, after severe encounters had with 
the crabbed parts of the municipal laws, he be- 
came a barrester and noted for his great profi- 
ciency in his profession and intes;rity in his deal- 
ings. In the latter end of qu. Eliz. and begin- 
ning of K. James he was several times elected a 
burgess to sit in parliaments, in which he was a 
frequent speaker. Afterwards he was counsellor 



16SI 



305 



MASON. 



306 



and uiitler-stowanl for sevcrul years to this uni- 
versity, tlic members of which eonfer'tl upon him 
the degree of master of arts in 1612. Two years 
after he was made serjeant at law, and in 16 16, 
March 17, received tlic lionour of knighthood at 
Theobalds from iiis majesty K. James I. After 
his death some of his works were published, which 
bear these titles. 

Cases collected and reported. Lond. 1663. foi. 
printed from the original, in French, timt tlien 
remained in the hands of sir Jeff. Palmer, attor- 
ney-general to K. Ch. II. which is the same, as I 

[463] ^'^^^ i'> written fairly with the author's own hand 
in fol. that was lately in the library of Artii. E. of 
Anglesey. Tliesc cases were abridged by Will. 
Hugiies, esq. — Lond. 1665. oct. 

His learned Heading, 4 Jac. I. in Middle- 
Temple-Hall, concerning charitable Uses, abridged 
by himself. Lond. 1676. fol. published by George 
Duke of the Inner Temple, esq. Our author r. 
More was a member of that parliament, as it 
seems, wherein the statute concerning charitable 
uses was made, and was, as 'tis farther added, 
the penner thereof. At length paying his last 

1C21 debt to nature on the 20tli of ISov. in sixteen 
hundred twenty and one, aged 63, was buried in 
a vault under the church of Great Fawley near to 
Wantage bcfore-mention'd, in which vault his 

I)osterity (who are baronets living in that parisli) 
lave been since, and are hitherto, interred, as I 
have been instructed by his grandson sir Hen. 
More, bart. I find another Franc. More to have 
published certain matters, among which is The 
Sinner's Guide, or the Regimen of a Christian 
LiJ'e. Printed l6l4. qu. and certain sermons, 
but whether this person, who was a divine, was of 
Oxford university I know not as yet. " One 
" Fr. More of Yorkshire, son of a gentleman, 
" was matriculated member of Brasennose col- 
" Ic^e 1576, aged I6." 

[1 here are two heads of More, one by Faithornc, 
the other by F. V. W^ both in 4to.] 

FRANCIS MASON, who is worthily stiled 
Vindex Ecclesiee Jnglicance, was born in the 
county palatine of Durham, and there educated 
in gram, learning, began to be conversant with 
the Oxonians in the beginning of the year 1583, 
aged 17, and making a hard shift to rub on till he 
was bach, of arts, being the son of a poor ple- 
beian, was elected probationer-fellow of Merton 
coll. in the latter end of 1586. After he had 
proceeded in his faculty, he entred into the sacred 
function, and when full standing, he was admit- 
ted to the reading of the sentences in 1597. 
About which time he was made rector of Orford,'' 
» market town near to the sea-side in Suffolk, 
chaplain to king James I. (who usually stil'd him 
* a wise builder in God's house), and at lengtli 

' [Fran. Mason institutus rector de Sudborne cum capella 
df OrCorde, 22 Dec. 1 500. Resist. Bakep.T 
Vol. n. 



upon the death of Rich. Stokes, LL. bach, wat 
installed archdeacon of Norfork 18 December 
1619, which dignitv the said Stokes hud held 
from the month of Apr. 1587. Our author Mason 
hath written. 

The yfulhoriti/ of the Church of England in 
making Canons and Consli/utions concerning Tliingi 
indifferent, &c. Sermon on 1 Gor. 14. 40. Lond. 
1607. [Bodl. 4to. M.25. Th.] Ox. 1634. cju.' 
From which, as also from the cpist. dedic. belorc 
it, made to his patron Rich, archb. of Cant, it 
appears that the author was a zealous conformist 
to the ch. of England. Tliis serm. was answered 
by Anon, in a book entit. The second Part of the 
Defence of the Ministers Reason for Refusal, &c 
See in Tho. Hutton, an. 1639. 

Vindication of the Church of England concerning 
the Consecration and Ordination of the Bishops, 
£fc. as also of the Ordination of Priests and Dea- 
C071S, infive Bootes.^ Lond. 1613. foi. [Bodl. N. 1. 
10. Th. Seld.] Framed in form of a conference 
between Philodox, a seminary priest, and Ortho- 
dox, a minister of the eliurch of England. From 
which book it appears that the author was a ge- 
neral-read-scholar, thorough-pac'd in the councils, 
and all sorts of histories, whether divine, civil, or 
profane. The next year, he, as a grateful son, 
sent a copy of it to be reposed in the library of 
his tender parent Mert. coll. with this note at the 
end of it written with his own hand, — ' Whereas 
Mr. 9 Fitzherbert hath lately sent a book from 
Rome against the most rev. bishop ' of Ely, to 
which he hath annexed an appendix concerning 
the records and registers by nie produced, desir- 
ing that some of their discreet Catholics might 
view and consider whether they be true, or conn- 
terfeit: know therefore, that upon the 12th of 
this present May, an. 16 14, his grace of Canter- 
bury sent for Mr. ^ Colleton the archpriest, Leake* 
a secular priest, as also one Jesuit called ♦Lath- 
wait, &c. and shewed unto them the register and 
other records of his predecessor Mattn. Parker, 
which they perused over and over, and found 
that the said Parker was ' consecrated in Lam- 
beth chappel (and not at the Nags-Head in [464] 
Choapside) by certain bishops tliat had been 
ejected in qu. Mary's fcign,' &c. This book of 
the indication of the Church of England, coming 

'' [This is the substance of a sermon preached in the Green 
yard at Norwich, tlie third Sunday /ifter Trinity, !605. It 
was reprinted, on bishop Complon's reconimeadalion in 
1705, 4to. Rawlinson.] 

' [That book entitled The D^ence of the Ordination of 
the Ministers of the reformed Churches leyond the Seas, 
maintained by Mr. Archdeacon Mason, against the Roman- 
ists, is sufficiently known, and 1 have been assured it was not 
only tlie judgement of bishop Overhall, but that he had a 
principal hand in it. Healing Attempt, See. 4to. iCag, 
p. ti'2. penes me. W. K. Kennet.] 

' Tlio. Filzherbert. ' Dr. Lane. Andrews. 

' Joh. Colleton. ^ Tho. Leake. ■♦ Tho. Laihwall. 

' See more of this matter in Godwin De PrcesuUh. .in- 
gUat. Lond. I(5l6. lat. p. 219. 



.^07 



MASON. 



JACOB. 



308 



at length into the hands of Anthony Champnej 
an EngUsh man born, a Rom. Cath. priest and a 
doctor of the Sorbon, was by him answered in 
EngUsh, and dedicated to George, archb. of Can- 
terbury, not without some reproaches and scofl's 
given to him in the epistle. But afterwards 
Champney recollecting himself, thought that he 
had not sufficiently consulted his own reputation 
by publishing his answer in English. Wherefore 
he translated it into Latin, (entit. True tut us de 
I'ocatione Ministrorum. Par. 1618. in oct.) that 
his pretended victory over Mason might, by this 
means, be spread over all Europe. Soon after 
our author, to be even with him, translated his 
own book also, and entitled it Fiudiciic Eccles. 
Anslicanx,^ &c. and therein interweaves answers 
to ^hom. Fitzherbert, priest, Hen. Fitzsimons, 
Jesuit, Dr. Mattb. Kellison, A. Chamnney, &c. 
and withal dedicated it to Hen. de Gonay, bishop 
of Paris, without any aspersions at all thrown 
upon him. All this he did in the year 16 19, or 
20, at farthest, but before he could conveniently 
put it in the press, he died. Whereupon at the 
desire of the archbishop of Cant.,Dr. Nath. Brent, 
warden of Mert. coll. did review it, examine the 
quotations, compare them with the originals, and 
at length printed the copy as he had found it 
under the author's hand, an. 1625. fol. printed 
again at Lond. 1646. fol. ' The said author also 
wrote. 

Two Sermons preached at Court concerning 
David's /Adultery and his public Practices. On 
2 Serm. 12. ver. 13. Lond. 1621. oct. [Bodl.Svo. 
L. 77. Th.] 

'The Validitif of the Ordination of the Ministers 
of the Informed Churches beyond the Seas, muiiv- 
tained against the Donatists. Oxon. 1641. qu. 
[Bodl. C. 13. Line] Taken, I presume, by the 
publisher from our author's book entit. A Vindi- 
cation, See.' At length our author Mason sur- 
rendering up his pious soul to him that first gave 
it, (not without the great grief of those who well 
knew his learning and piety) in the month of 

* [Tlie Vindicia F.cclesice Anglicance were new translated, 
with a large prefatory Discourse, by the reverend Mr. 
Lindsey, formerly an attorney at law in Cheshire, but since 
admitted amongst the non-jurors into holy orders. Rawlin- 

SON.] 

' [Reprinted l636, not l646, 1 am confident. Baker.] 

• [Out of a letter of Geo. Davenport to Mr. Bancroft from 
Paris, Jan. 1C5.5. • 

' 1 have learned of him (viz. the de.in of Peterborough, 
Dr. Cosin, whose chaplain I think he was,) that the book 
wherein the ordination of the French Church is vindicated, 
was made by bishop Overal, (with whom the dean then 
lived) and not by Mr. Mason. Mr. Mason, indeed, added 
something to it with the approbation of the bishop, and 
printed it in his own name, at the desire of the bishop.' 

In another letter, dated Aug. 6, he saith ' 1 must undeceive 
you al)Out the addiiionals to Mr. Mason, for he (the dean) 
saith, he said that the bishop was the chief composer of the 
first draught of the book de Minist. Anglican, in EngUsh, 
which was printed by the king's prmter." Tanner] 



Dec. in sixteen hundred twenty and one, was 
buried in the chancel of the church of Orford 
before-mentioned. Over his grave was soon after 
a monument put, with an mscription thereon, 
which, for brevity sake, I shall now pass by. In 
his archdeaconry of Norf. was installed Thomas 
Muriel, M. A. 30 Dec. l621. After him was 
installed VVrithinj'toii White 19 Oct. 1629, and 
after him Rob. Wliitc, bach, of div. 23 Sept. 163 1, 
who dying in the times of usurpation, Philip Te- 
nison'was installed in his place Aug. 1660, who 
dying, Edw. Reynolds, ^L A. and son to Dr. 
Reynolds, B. of Norwich, was installed therein 
15 Apr. 1661. 

HENRY JACOB was a Kentish man born, 

entred a commoner or batler in S. Mary's-hall 
1579, aged l6, took the deg. in arts, holy orders, 
and became precentor of C. C. C and afterwards 
beneficed in his own country, particularly, as 1 
have been informed, at Cheriton, but upon search 
into that parish register, wherein are the names 
of all the rectors of that church set down since 
1591, H. Jacob occurs not, as having been per- 
haps rector before that time. He was a person 
most excellently well lead in theological au- 
thors, but withal was a most zealous puritan, or, 
as his son Henry used to say, the ' first independ- 
ent' in England. His writings against Francis 
Johnson a Brownist (exile for Jesus Ch., as he 
stiles himself) and Tho. Bilson, bishop of Win- 
ton, speak him learned. With the former he 
controverted concerning the churches and mini- 
sters of England, and with the other concerning 
Christ's sufferings and descention into hell. 
Which controversy, though eagerly bandied to 
and fro between them, yet it was afterwards 
plied more hotly in both the universities, in 
1604, and after; where Bilson's doctrine was 
maintained and held up, yel publicly op- 
posed by many of our zealots, both at home 
and abroad. At home by Gabr. Powell, a 
stiff puritan (mention'd under the j'ear I607.) 
and abroad by Hugh Broughton ' and Robert 

9 [Phil. Tenison, A. M. ad vie. de Wethersfield com. 
Essex, 17 Aug. 1642; cui succ. Jos. Clarke, .3 Nov. l(;6o, 
per cess. Phil. Tenison. Reg. Laud. And see Newcourt's 
Repertorium, ii. 634. Kennet.] 

' |Col. Ma"d. Cant.Vid. Regisl. Acad. An. 156g, 1570. 
A. B. coll. Jo. socius, dein coll. Chr. preb. Dunelm. 
Baker. 

The best account of the education of Hugh Broughton is 
given by himself in an epistle to his patron, Henry, earl of 
Huntingdon in l6l3, prefixed to a pamphlet of his, thus 
odly inlitled, A Sedar Olam; that is. Order of the IVorld, 
or Vearesjrom theFull to the Restoring. 4to. l6l3, penes mc. 
W. K. 

It happen'd upon a time as Mr. Gilpin was in his way to- 
ward Oxford, that he espyed by the way-side a youth one 
while walking and another while running. Mr. Gilpin de- 
manded of him who he was, whence lie came, and whither 
he was going? He made answer, that he came out of Wales, 
and that he was bound to Oxford with intent to be a scholar. 
Mr. Gilpin examiueth the youth, aud findcth. him a projnpt 



1681. 



309 



JACOB. 



SAVILE. 



310 



Parker;' I mean that Robert, a divine, some- 
times of Wilton in Wilts, who leaving u na- 
tion for conscience sake, died at Deusbourgh 
in Geldcrland,' in Autumn time or after, an. 
1630, leaving behind him a widow named 
[465J Dorothy, and a son named Thomas, < author 
of Metliodus Gratix (Hviiue in Tradttctioiie 
Ilominis Peccatoris ad Vitam, &c. Lond. 1().^7. 
oct. There were two more brethren, at least, of 
the separation, who opposed Bilson's doctrine, 
but their names I cannot now justly tell you. 
The works of our author Hen. Jacob are these. 

Treatise of the Sufferings and Victory of Christ 
in the Work of our lii'demption, &c. icritten against 
certain Errors in these Points pubiicli/ preached 
in Lond. 1597- Lond. 1598. oct. The points 
were (I) That Christ suflered for us the wrath of 
God, which we may well term the pains of hell, 
or hellish sorrows. (S) That Christ after his 
death on the cross, went not into hell in his 
soul. 

Of the Church and Minisfrij of P,ngland, writ- 
ten in tzco Treatises against t/ie lleasons and Ob- 

* Jirmmist. jections of Mr. Francis Johnson. * 
First edit. Middleburg 1599, qu. [Rodl. 4to. 
J. 12. Th.] They had several disputes in Am- 
sterdam about the church of England being a 
true church. 

Defence of a Treatise touching the Sufferings 
and Victory of Christ in the JVoik of our Re- 
demption. — Printed 1600. qu. [Bodl. 4to. J. 13. 
Th. Seld.] 

Reasons taken out of God's Word and the best 
humane Testimonies, proving a Necessity of re- 
scholar in the Latine, and that he had a little smattering of 
the Greek. And wilt thou, saith Mr. Gilpin, be contented 
to go with me; I will provide for thee. Whereupon Mr. 
Gilpin took him along with him, first to Oxford, afterwards 
to Houghton, where he profited exceedingly both in Greek 
and Hebrew, wham Mr. Gilpin at the last sent to Cambridge. 
And this was th;it famous Hugh Broughton so exceedingly 
apt in learning the (Jrcck and Hebrew ; but a man of a most 
inconstant nature, for when Mr. Gilpin grew olde, whether 
il was in expectation of Mr. Gilpin's parsonage, or for some 
other cause, it is reported, that he procured Mr. Gilpin to be 
troubled and molested by the bishop of Durham. Life of 
Bernard Gilpin, in English, 4to. Kennet. 

Prefixed to Broughton's IVorks, collected in one vol. folio, 
Lond. 16G2, is an occoiuit of him and his writings, written 
by John Lightfoot, but this takes no notice of the iihove anec- 
dote, and is, besides, very deficient respecting the early par- 
ticiJars of Broughum's life.] 

^ [Rob'tus Parker, cicricus, habet lit. reginae Mariae de 
pres. ad eccl paroch. dc Kegworth in com. Leicester. T R. 
apud Weslmon. xii Decemb. reg. 1. 1533, Rymer, Foedera 
3tv, 35P. Kennet. 

This Tho. Parker was of Magd. coll. Oxon. of him and 
R. Parker, see Hist, of New England by Cotton Mather, 
lib. 3, page 143, &c. 

Quidam Rob. Parker, A. B. Cant. 1555, 6. Ilegisi. Acad. 
AlterRob. Parker, C.C.C, A. B. Cant. 1581. Ibid. A.M., 
C.C C. 1385. lb. Baker.] 

' [He was minister of the English church in Antwerp in 

* fSandford. Baker ] 



forming our Churches of England, &c. — Printed 
1604. qu. [Bodl.4to. T. 23. Jur.] 

A Position against vain-glorious, and that 
which is falsly catted, learned Preaching. — I'rinted 
1604. ort. 

The divine Beginning and Institution of Christ'i 
true, visilt/e, and viaterial Church. Leyden I6IO. 
oct. [Bodl. 8vo. Z. 24. Th. Seld.] 

Plain and clear Eiposition of the tecond Com- 
mandment. — Printed 16 10. oct. [Bodi. 8vo. 
C. 513. Line] 

Declaration and Opening of certain Pointu, 
with a sound Confirmation of some othert, in a 
Treatise entit. The divine Beginning, S(c. (as be- 
fore)— Middleburg 1611. [BotU. 8vo. Z.24. Th. 
Seld.] He hath written and published other 
things, as the Counter- Poison,^ Slc. which being 
printed by stealth, or beyond the seas, are rare to 
be either seen, or procured. He departed this 
mortal life, in sixteen himdred twenty and one, iflji. 
or thereabouts, aged (iO years, or more, but 
where buried, unless in London, where he began 
to gather a congregation in the year 1616, I can- 
not tell. He left behind him a son of both his 
names, who was afterwards fellow of Mert. 
coll. and a prodigy for curious and critical 
learning, as I shall tell you at large when I come 
to him. 

HENRY SAVILE, second son of Hen. Sa- 
vile (by Elizab. his wife, daughter of Rob. Rams- 
den, gent.) second son of Job. Savile of New-hall 
in Yorksh. esq; was born at Bradley, alias Over- 
Bradley, near to Halifax in the same county, on 
the last day of Nov. an. 1549. (3 Ed. 6.) made 
his first entry into this university in the begin- 
ning of the year I56l, and then, according to the 
fashion, had a tutor to teach him grammar, and 
another dialect, or else one and the same person 
did both. In the beginning of Lent 1565, he 
was admitted bach, of arts, and forthwith deter- 
mined to the admiration of his auditors, who ever 
after esteemed him a good philosopher. About 
that time an election of bach, fellows of Merton 
coll. (then in a very poor condition for good 
scholars, as most places in the university were,) 
being made, he was chosen one of the number, as 
was Edm. Bunney, afterwards a learned theolo- 
gist. In 1570, our author Savile proceeded in 
his faculty, and read his ordinaiies on The Al- 
magest of Ptolemy: whereby growing Aimous for 
his learning, especially for the Greek tongue and 
mathematics, (in which last he voluntarily read a 
lecture for some time to the academians ) be was 
elected proctor of the university for two years 
together, with Job. Underbill of New college, 
afterwards rector of that of Lincoln, and bishop 

5 [The Counter Po)'Son was wrote by Henry Ainsworth ; 
whicli book I have, printed l008, 4to. jirinter or place not 
named as usual in stolen editions. Baker ] 
X 2 



311 



SAVILE. 



312 



of Oxon. For then, and after, those that exe- 
cuted the procuratorial office, were elected by the 
doctors and masters of the university for learning, 
worth, experience, and magnanimous spirits ; 
but when the Caroline cycle was made in 1629, 
they were elected in their respective coll. by a 
few votes. In 1578 he travelled into France and 
other countries; and thereupon improving him- 
self in learning, languages, and the knowledge of 
the world and men, became a most accomplished 
person at his return. About that time he was 
instituted tutor to Q. Elizab. for the Greek 
[466] tongue, who taking a liking to his parts and per- 
sonage, he was not only the sooner made warden 
of Slerton coll. tho' a noted person (Bunne}' 
before-mention'd) was elected with him and pre- 
sented to the archb. of Cant, for confirmation ; 
but also, by her favour, was made provost of 
Eaton coll. in the year 1596,'' upon the promo- 
tion of Dr. Will. Day to the see of ^\'inton. 
While he governed the former, which was 36 
years, ' simia cur& (as 'tis ? said) & diligentia 
fere plusquam human^ perdius &, pernox,' he 
made it his chief endeavours, (tho' troubled 
with the cumbrances of marriage) to improve it 
with riches and literature. For the effecting of 
the last, he always made choice of the best scho- 
lars at the usual elections of bach, fellows. In 
the first that he made after he was warden, which 
consisted but of four persons, were Hen. Cuffe 
and Franc. Mason elected, both noted for their 
learning, tho' the first was unfortunate. In the 
last, about three years before his death, which 
consisted of six, four of them (whereof two were 
afterwards bishops) were esteemed eminent, 
namely Dr. Reynolds of Norwich, Dr. Earl of 
Salisbury, John Doughty and Alex. Fisher : the 
last of which, tho' he nath published nothing, yet 
in some respects he was as able as any of the rest 

* fMr. Henry Savile to the Lady Russe!. (From Strype's 
Annals, iv, 228.) 

Right Hon. and my very good lady. 

As I was bold with your ladyship at the beginning of 
my suit, so 1 must be importunate now at the conclusion. 
My fortune always hath been hitherto to receive still my dis- 
patch by my lord treasurer's only means, so was it when I 
obtained Merlon college in Oxford, and so must it be now 
for Eaton. Or else 1 will hope for small good. I know his 
lordship's favourable opinion of the matter to her majesty at 
such opportunity as it shall please him to take, will end the 
■whole matter. Till then I assure myself it will stick : his 
honourable promise of favour made to me at Tybalds, gave 
me courage to begin. And her majesty's direct nomination 
at Nonsuch, which I saw in his lordship's own hand, gave 
me hope to continue. It remaineth but that his lordship 
would vouchsafe to perfect his own work with a prosperous 
and happy conclusion. 

To which purpose I pray you, good madam, as hitherto 
you have been, so still to continue to be my honourable me- 
diator to his lordship. I can make profession of nothing, but 
my poor humble service, which here I do vow to you both. 
Ana so take my leave. The 4th of February. 

Your honourable ladiship's humbly at commandment. 

Hen, Savile.] 

' Reg.'i. Act. Societ, Coll. Merlen, p. 171. 



so to do, had not a weak and timorous spirit 
stood in his way. Our author Savile also took 
as much care as he could to place noted men in 
Eaton college ; among whom were Tho, Allen, 
Job. Hales, Tho. Savuc, and Jonas Mountague, 
all of Mert. coll. the last of which (whom he 
made usher of the school there) helped him, as 
Allen and Hales did, in the edition of St. Chry- 
.sostome, as I shall tell you elsewhere. When 
K. James I. came to the crown he had a great 
respect for Mr. .Savile and his learning; and as I 
have heard our antients saj', he would have ad- 
vanced him to a higher place, either in church or 
state, but he refused it, and only accepted of the 
honour of knighthood from him at Windsor, 21 
Sept. 1604. Much about which time Henry his 
only son and heir dying, and no hopes left of 

f)ropagating his name, and of settling a family, 
le bestowed much of his wealth in publishing 
books, and in founding two lectures in this uni- 
versity, which will make his memory honourable 
not only among the learned, but the righteous 
for ever, even till the general conflagration shall 
consume all books and learning. Many are 
the encomiums given of him by divers authors, 
which, if I should enumerate, may make a ma- 
nual. In one * place he is stiled, ' Musarum pa- 
tronus, McEcenas, literarum, forUnitarumque Mer- 
tonensium vere pater,' &c. In another ' he is 
characterised by a zealous Rom. Cath. who sel- 
dom or never speaks well of a Protestant, (or at 
least by Dr. W. Bishop the publisher his book,) 
to be ' vir Graece & Latin^ perinde doctu.s, vene- 
randce antiquitatis (ut vidctur) tam cxcjuisitus 
indagator, tam ingenuus & liberalis editor.' To 
pass by the noble and generous characters given 
of him by Isaac ' Casaubon, John ^ Boysius, Jo- 
sias ' Mercerus, Marc. " Meibomius, Jos. ^ Scaliger 
and others, (among whom must not be forgotten 
the learned Rich. Mountague, who stiles* him, 
* the magazine of all learning,') I shall proceed 
to make mention of those things that he hath 
published and written, which are these fol- 
lowing. 

Learned Notes on, and a Translation into Eng- 
lish of, Corn. Tacitus his (1) End of Nero, and 
Beginning of Galba. (2) Four Books of Histo- 
ries. (3) Life of Jgricola. Lond. 1581, 98, &c. 
[fourth edition, folio 16 12, Bodl. A A. 3. Art. 
Seld.] fol. A rare translation it is, and ' the 
work 7 of a very great master indeed, both in our 



* Reg. 2. Act. Societ. Coll. Merlon, p. 171. 

9 Jo. Pitseus in lib. De illuitr. Angl. Scriptorib. lEt. 14. 
nu. 563. p. 471. ' In Append, ad Epist. Vide etiam 

inter ipsas EpLstolas, Ep. 100. script, ad Hen. Savile. 

' In Not. adHomil. in Gen. int. opera S. Chrysost. 

3 In A^o;. ad Corn. Tac. * In Pra;f. ad Gandenlii 

Introduct. Harmonic. ' In 3 Lib. Epistol. Epist. 232. 

Script, ad Ric. Thomsonum. .* In his Pref. to his 

Diatribe upon the first part of the Hist, of Tithes. 

' Hypercritica. Or, a Rule of Judgment for ffriling and 
Reading our Histories. MS. Address. 4. Sect. 2. 



313 



SAVILE. 



314 



tongue and that story.' For if we consider the 
diflfiouity of the original, and the age wherein the 
translator lived, it is both for the exactness of the 
version, and the chastity of the language, one of 
the most accurate and perfect translations that 
ever were made into English. The said notes 
were put into Latin by Is. Gruter, and printed at 
Amsterdam 1G49. in tw. [Bodl. 8vo. B. 212. 
Line] 
[467] A Fiew of certain Military Matters, or Com- 

mentaries concernivg Rom. Warfare. Lond. 1598, 
- &c. [UJ12. Bodl. AA. 3. Art. Seld.J fol. Put 
into Lat. by Marq. Fraherus, printe<l at Heidel- 
burg IGOI. [Bodl. 8vo. D. ,54. Th.] and at Am- 
sterd. by Is. Gruter lG49. in tw. [Bodl. 8vo. B. 
212. Line] 

Fasti liegum S{ Episcoporum Anglim usque ad 
WiUielmum Seiiiorem. These Fasti are at the end 
of the Writers which sir Hen. Savile published, 
entit. Rerum Aitglicarum Scriptores post Bedam 
preecipui, Sfc. viz. Gul. Malmsburiensis, lien. 
Huiitingdoti, Rog. Ilovcden, Sec. Lond. 1596. fol. 
[and Francof. 1601. fol. Bodl. C. 1. 1. Med. Seld.] 
The best copies of which authors he collected, 
viewed, reviewed and corrected. In his epist. 
dedic. before which, (made to Q. Elizab.) speak- 
ing of the history of England, he delivereth these 
matters, after he had condemned Pol. Virgil — 
' Nostri ex fa;ce plebis historici, &c. Our histo- 
rians being of the dregs of the common people, 
while they have endeavoured to adorn the ma- 
jesty of so great a work, have stained and defiled 
it with most fusty fooleries. Whereby, tho' I 
wot not by what hard fortune of this island, it is 
come to pass, that your ancestors (most gracious 
queen) most puissant princes, who embracing a 
great part of this our world within their empire, 
did easily overgo all the kings of their time in the 
glory of great atchievements, now destitute of (as 
it were) the light of brave wits, do lie unknown 
and unreguarded,' &c. These words being ut- 
tered by a gent, excellently learned, to a .sove- 
reign queen excellently understanding, and in 
print, were then understood, and wisli'd for, by 
historians and curious men, to have this mean- 
ing, ' That the majesty of handling our history 
might once equal the majesty of the argument.' 
This was their opinion, and the publisher (Great 
Savile) gave hopes to them that he should be the 
man that would do it. All the learned men of 
England were erected, and full of expectation, 
but at length were grieved to find it vain. Some- 
what notwitlistandmg he is said to have at- 
tempted in that argument, by making searches in 
the Tower of London for furniture out of the 
records; but, if he did any such thing, wiicther 
impatient of the harsh and dusty rudeness of the 
subject, or despairing that he could deal so truly 
as the honour and splendor of his name, and as 
the nature of his work, required; he desisted, 
converting all his cares to the edition of S. Chry- 



sostome in Greek. Thus was he carried away by 
speculation of things divine, as it were in n cha- 
riot of fire, from this other immortal ofhce to hi« 
native country. Me also carefully collected the 
best copies ot books, written by .St. Clirysoslome, 
from various parts of the world, and einploy'd 
learned men to transcribe, and make annotations 
on them. Which being done, he printed thetn 
at his own charge in a most beautiful edition, 
bearing this title, .S'. .fohaiinis C/iri/sostomi Opera 
Grerce, octo I oluminihus. Printed in Eaton coll. 
161.'3. fol. [Bodl. C. 2. 1.2. 3, &c. Th. Seld.] 
On several parts of which he put learned notes, 
besides what the profound Joh. Boyse, Andr. 
Dowiies, Tho. Allen, &c. had done. The whole 
charge of which edition, and for the pavment of 
certain scholars employ'd beyond the seas for the 
obtaining of the best exemplars of that author, 
cost him more than 8000/. But the copy, iis 
soon as 'twas finished, coming into the hands of a 
learned French Jesuit, named Fronto Ducijcus of 
Bordeaux, he mostly translated it into Latin. 
^V'hich being so done, he printed it in Greek and 
Lat. at Paris in 5 volumes, at the charges of the 
bishops and clergy of France, an. 1621. The 
sixth vol. was put out by him in 1624, and the 
other volumes (four in number) came out before 
at different times at Heildelburg, by other hands, 
as it seems. Sir Hen. Savile also procured six 
manuscript copies of Bradwardin's book, I)e 
Causa Dei, to be compared and corrected to hi» 
great charge, and afterwards published a true 
copy thereof under this title, T/iomec Kradwardini 
Arcliiep. oliin Cantuariensis, De Causa Dei, con- 
tra Pehgium, S)' de Virtute Caumrum, ad suos 
Mertonenses, Lib.:}. Lond. 1618. fol. [Bodl. A. 
6. 5. Th.] Before which sir Henry put of his 
own writing, 

Pita Thomee Bradwardini Archiep. olim Can- 
tuariensis. He also wrote and was author of, 

P ralecliones tresdecem in principium Elemen to- 
rum Euclidis Oxonia hahitte, an. 1620. Oxon. 
1621. qu. [Bodl. 4to. S. 39. Art.] Some of which 
lectures he read when he was a junior master, as 
I have before-mentioned. 

Oralio coram Reg. Elizab. Oxonia habita, an. 
1592. Oxon. I6j8t qu. [Bodl. 4to. J. 12. Art.] 
Published by Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Tho. Barlow [468] 
of Queen's coll. from the original in the Bodleian 
library; and also by Dr. John Lamphire in the 
second edit, of Monarchia Britannica. Oxon. 
1681. oct. [l3odl.8vo. W. 47. Art. And again, 
with notes by James Upton, Lond. 1711. Bodl. 
8vo. E. 151. Line] 

Tract of the original of Monaste^ 
ries. 1 

Orations. \ MSS. in the 

Tract concerning the Union o/"/ Bodleian lib. 
England and Scotland, at tlie Com- 
mand of K. James 1. J 

Concerning the lust of these, John Thorn- 



315 



SAVILE. 



316 



borough H. of Bristol did write a book about the 
same time Our author Savile also did publish 
Naziaiizeii's Stelileutics, Xenoplions Institution of 
Cyrus, 8i.c. and had many choice exemplars in his 
library, which were by others published as from 
bibliotheca Saviliana. He also translated into 
elegant Lat. K. James the first his Apology for 
the Oath of Allegiance : which flying in that dress 
as far as Uome, was by the pope and the conclave 
sent to Francis Suarezat Salamanca, with a com- 
mand to answer it. ^^'hcn he had j)erfected the 
work, which he calls Defeiisio Fidei Catholicce, 
ire. cum Respousione ad Apologiam pro Jurumetito 
Fidelitatis, &c. it was transmitted to Rome for a 
view of the inquisitors, who blotted out what they 
pleased, and added whatsovcr might advance the 
pope's power. AVliich matter John Salkeld, his 
assistant when he wrote at Salamanca, did often 
profess when he came over to the church of Eng- 
land, and lived for some time in the house of Dr. 
King bishop of London, that the good old man 
Suarez (whose piety and charity he magnify'd 
much) did not only disavow, but detest it. How- 
ever printed it was, (at Colen, I think, an. I6l4.) 
but so soon as any of the copies came into 
England, one was burnt in detestation of the 
fact, by public command. Sir Hen. Savile also 
made several notes with his pen in many of his 
books in his choice library, particularly on Euse- 
bius his Ecclesiastical History, made use of by 
Hen. Valesius in his edition of that history, an. 
1659, as he'll tell you more at large, if you'll con- 
sult the preface to that elaborate work. He also 
made several notes on those books which he gave 
to the mathematical library in the School-Tower, 
and on others which I have seen. Divers of his 
tracts of various subjects in MS. were greedily 

f)rocured after his death (sometimes sdso while he 
ived) by industrious and ingenious scholars, which 
do now, or at least did lately, go from hand to 
hand. At length, after he had lived beyond the 
age of man, and had done many noble and gene- 
rous works for the benefit of learning, he de- 
parted this mortal life in Eaton coll. near to 
Windsor, on the 19th day of Febr. in sixteen 
1621-2. hundred twenty and one, and was buried in the 
chappel there, near to the body of Henry his son, 
(who died l604, aged 8 years,) leaving behind him 
one only daughter named Elizabeth, (begotten on 
the body of his wife Margaret, daughter of George 
Daeresof Cheshunt in Hertfordshire,) who was 
married to sir Jo. Sedley of Kent baronet. Soon 
after, the news of his death being sent to Oxon, 
the vicechancellor and doctors ordered a speech to 
be publicly spoken to the academians in me- 
mory of so worthy a benefactor and scholar as 
sir Henry was. Which being accordingly done 
by Tho. Goffe of Ch. Ch. the speech was shortly 
after made public, with many copies of verses 
made by the poets of the universities, added to it, 
with this title, Ultima Linea Savilii. Oxon. 



1622. qu. These things being done, a black mar- 
ble stone was laid over his grave on the South- 
side of the communion-table in the said chappel 
of Eaton coll. and a most sumptuous honorary 
monument to his memory', on the South-wall, at 
the upper end of the choir of Merton coll. the 
inscription on which you may see ' elsewhere. 
In the provostship of Eaton coll. succeeded Tho. 
Murrey' a Scot, tutor and secretary to prince 
Charles, (afterwards K. Ch. I.) who died, as one ' 
observes, on the first' day of Apr. 162.'3, being 
then newly cut for the stone, and was buried in 
the chap, of the coll. whose epitaph there saith 
that he died on the ninth day ot the same month, 
aged 59 years. Afterwards the king designed ' 
sir Will. IJeecher to succeed, but by friends, and 
many intreaties, sir Hen. Wotton had that place 
conferr'd on him. In the wardenship of Mert. 
coll. succeeded Nath. Brent LL. D. afterwards a 
knight, who minding wealth and the settling a 
family more than generous actions, that college 
did nothing near so well 6ourisli as under the 
government of sir Henry. 

[Vide Sex Epistolas Henr. Savilii, scriptas Blo- 
tio et Teugnagelio bibliothecarios Caesareos Vin- 
debon. Apud Lambec. Commentar. de Biblio- 
theca Vindebon. Lib. 3, append, p. 381, 2, &c. 
circa editionem Chrysostomi Grasce &c. Lectu 
dignas, fugerunt tamen industriam hujus autoris. 
Vide ejusdem librum 4. p. 30; viz. Lambecii, et 
p. 31, 61, 63, 64, 66, 67, 68, 69, &c. Baker. 

Henry Savile was of Brazen Nose, thence elect- 
ed to Merton. See verses by Sam. Radcliffe, 
principal of Br. Nose, in Goffe's Ult. Linea Savi- 
lii, 1622. CnURTON. 

Letters from sir Henry Savile will be found in 
the Cotton and Harleian MSS. In the latter, 
Nos. 374, and 530, are two, on literary subjects, 
to John Stowe, the Chronicle writer. 

Aubrey tells us,* that sir Henry ' was a very 
severe governour, the scholars hated him for his 
austerity. He could not abide witts; when a 
young scholar was recommended to him for a 
good wit, — Out upon him, I'le have nothing to 
doe with him, give me the plodding student. If 
I would look for witts I would goe to Newgate, 
there be the witts.' Aubrey also informs us, that 
he was an extraordinary handsome man, no lady 
had a finer complexion. 

I conclude with the following anecdote touching 
his edition of Chrysostome, which rests on the 
authority of Dr. Anthony Walker, of St. John's 

» In Hist. ISf Antiq. Univ. Oxon. lib. 2. p. 89. b. 

9 [In the election act he is said to be fellow of the college. 
Tanner.] 

' Cambden in Annal. Reg. Jac. 1. MS. sub. an. 
1623. 

' PTenth. LovEDAY.] 

^ Ibid. Camden. 

♦ [Lel/rra from the Bodleian, wilh Aubrey's Lives, ice- 
Oxford, 1813, vol. ii, page 52.'). This was related to Aubrej 
by Dr. Skinner, bishop of Oxford, l646] 



[469] 



317 



IIACKET. 



CROFT. 



318 



college, Cambridge, and is taken from Peck's De- 
siderata Ctiriuna, vol. ii. lib. viii. |). 49. 

' 1 shall here take leave to set down one word 
or two coiieerning sir Henry Savil's cost and 
pains. For the first, it may be gathered from, 
the foot of this llereuleaii labour, the paper; 
whereon he bestowed two thousand pounds; not- 
withstanding only one thousand copies were print- 
ed. For the second he was so sedulous at his 
-study, that his lady thereby thought herself 
neglected ; and coming to him one day, as he 
was in his study, saluted iiim thus: ' Sir Henry, 
1 would I were a book too, and then you would 
a little more respect me.' Whereto one, stand- 
ing by, replied, ' Madam, you must then be an 
Almanack, that he might change every year.'— 
Whereat she was not a little displeased.'] 

ROGER HACKET, an eminent theologist 
in the time he lived, was born in the parish of St. 
James within the city of London, educated in 
Wykehani's school, admitted perpetual fellow of 
New coll. in 1577, took the degrees in arts, holy 
orders, and soon after was cried up for an eminent 
preacher. In 1591, or thereabouts, he was made 
rector of North-Crawley in Bucks; and four 
years after proceeded in divinity. All that I 
have yet seen of his writing or publication are 
only 

Several Sermons, viz. (1) Sertn. at Paul's-Cross. 
On 1 Stim. 11. 5, 6, 7. Oxon. 1591. oct. dedi- 
cated to the lord Norris. (2) Serm. [preached at 
Newport Paignell in the county of Buckingham.] 
On 2 Cor. 5. 20,21. Lond. 1593. oct. [a copy 
in the Bodleian (8vo. T. 90. Th.) dated 1628: 
London, printed for Robert Wilson.] (3) A Mar- 
riage present. On Gen. 2. 22. Lond. 1G07. qu. 
(4) Sick-man's (J lass. On Isaiah 30. 1, 2, 3. 
Lond. 1607. qu. (5) Serm. on Psal. 122. 6, &c. 
621-2. l''^ concluded his last day in sixteen hundred 
twenty and one, or tliereabouts, (for in 1622, 
were several books convey'd into the public li- 
brary at Oxon, by his bec^uest,) and was buried, as 
it seems, in his cnurch of North-Crawley before- 
mentioned. 

[Hacket was buried September 16, l621. See 
my MS. coll. vol. xxxviii, p. 130, &c. Cole.] 

HERBERT CROFT, son of Edw. Croft esq; 
descended from an antient and genteel family of 
•liis name living at Croft-castle in Herefordshire, 
was educated in academicals in Ch. Cii. as his son 
col. sir Will. Ooft used to say, tho' his name 
occurs not in the Matricu/a, which makes me 
think that his stay was short there. Afterwards 
he married, was a parliament man in the latter 
end of qu. Elizabeth, and in l603 received the 
honour of knighthood from K. James L at Theo- 
balds, being then a person of repute in his own 
eoimtry. At length being full weary of the vani- 
ties and fooleries of this world, did retire to Doway 



in Flanders, and there was by letters of confra- 
ternity, dated in the beginning of Feb. (16 17) 
received among the brethren in the coll. of Eng- 
lisii Benedictines: who appointing him a little 
cell within the ambits of tlieir house, he spent 
the remainder of his days therein in strict devo- 
tion and religious exercise. After his settlement 
there he wrote, 

Letters persuasive to his Wife and Children in 
England, to take upon them the Catholic Reli'rion. 

Arguments to shetv that the Rom. Church is a 
true Church — written against Dr. R. Field his 
I'our Hooks of the Church. 

Repli/ to the Anstcer ^ of his Daughter M. C. 
(Man/ Croft) Tchirh she made to a Paper of hit 
sent to her, concerning the Rorn. Church. At the 
end of it is a little thing entit. The four Minister* 
of Charinton gagg'd In/ four Propositions made to 
the Lord Baron of EspicelUere of the Religion pre- 
tended : and presented on S. Martin's Dai/ to Dii 
Moulin in his House, and since to Durand and 
Mestrezat. All these were published by sir Herb. 
Croft at Dowa}', about l6l9, in tw. containing 
255 pages. There were but eight copies printetl, 
viz. one for himself, now in the lib. of the Eng- 
lish Benedictines at that place, formerly sent to 
me by a ^ brother of that order, purposely to be 
perused for a time, .ind then to be returned : who 
for religion sake, and in contempt of the world 
hath denied the inheritance of an estate of at lejust 
three thousand pounds per ami. Another copy 
was printed for sir Herbert's wife and the rest tor 
his children, but all without a title, only dedicated 
to his wife and children, with a short epistle before 
them beginning thus; ' [ would have you know 
that although this ensuing discourse cometh to 
you in print,' &c. The beginning of the book 
it self is this, ' When it had pleased Almighty 
God in his great mercy, even after above 53 yearH 
of my mis-spent life,' &c. At length after he had [470] 
macerated his body with fasting, hardship, and 
devotion, surrendered up his pious soul to the 
Almighty, on the lO Apr. (according to the ac- 
count there followed) in sixteen hundred twenty ^^^ 
and two, and was buried in the chappel or church 
belonging to the said English Benedictines at 
Doway. Soon after was a monument put over 
his grave, with an inscription thereon, (a copy of 
it j'ou may' elsewhere see) in. which he is stiled 
' vir pnidens, fortis, nobilis, & patria? libertatis 
amautissimus,' &c.. He left behind him a son of 
both his names, sometimes a Rom. Catholic, but 
afterwards a zealous Protestant and a bishop, of 
whom I sliall hereafter make mention in his due 
place. 

5 Tlic said answer, as sir Herb. Croft saith, was penned 
for her by a Protestant minister 
' Edw. Sheldon second son of Will. Sheldon of Bcoly,. 



-^. 



In Ilitt. at Antiq; Univ. Ox. lib. 8. p. Sfig. b. 



319 



RANDALL. 



OWEN. 



320 



JOHN RANDALL, sometimes a frequent and 
painful preacher in the city of London, was born 
at Missendcn in Bucks, sent by his relations to 
S. Mary's-hall, in 1581, being then very young, 
where spending some time in trivial learning, was 
afterwards translated to Trinity coll. and, as a 
member thereof, took the degree of bach, of arts, 
which he complcated by determination. In 1587, 
July 6, he was elected fellow of Lincoln coll. and 
two years after proceeded in his faculty. About 
that time entring into the sacred function, lie 
became one of tlie most noted preachers in the 
university. In 1598, he was admitted bach, of 
div. and the year after resigning his fellowship, 
was made about that time rector of the church of 
S. Andrews Hubart * in Little Eastcheap in Lon- 
don ; where, after some time, he became so great 
a labourer in God's vineyard by his frequent and 
constant work in the ministry, as well in resolving 
of doubts and cases of conscience as in preaching 
and lecturing, that he went beyond his brethren in 
that city to the wonder of all. But greater was 
the wonder, especially to those of his parish and 
neighbourhood, that this jioor man, who was for 
the most part strangely afflicted with sickness, 
should undergo his duty so strictly, and preach so 
many sermons as he did for comfort and support 
in troubles. This indeed did sound highly to his 
merit, and plainly shewed that his great learning 
and parts could not be subdued with the pitiful 
afflictions here below. He was accounted a judi- 
cious, orthodox, and holy man, and by some a 
zealous and innocent puritan, of a harmless life 
and conversation, and one that was solely fram'd 
to do good acts. His works are these, 

Several Sermons as (1) The Necessiti/ of Righ- 
teousness. OnMat. 5. 20. Lond. 1622. [Bodl. 
4to. B. 44. Th.] and 1640. qu. (2) Description 
ofjleshlt/ Lusts. On 1 Pet. 2. 11, 12. Lond. 
1622. [Bodl. 4to. B. 44. Th.] and 40. qu. (3) 
S. Paul's Triumph, &c. Eleven Sermons on 
Rom. 8. 38, SQ. Lond. 1623. [Bodl. 4to. J. 
18. Th.] &c. qu. published by Will, Holbrook, 
preacher. 9 

The great Mystery of Godliness: or, a Treatise 
opening unto us what God is, and Christ is. Lond. 
1624. qu. [Bodl. 4to. G. 18. Th.] there again 
1640, third edit. 

Treatise concerning the Sacraments. Lond. l630. 
qu. &c. 

Catechistical Lectures (in number 23.) upon the 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper. Lond. 1630. 
qu. &c. 

Nine and Twenty Lectures of the Church, for 

» [Job. Randall. S. T. B. admiss ad eccl. S. Andrex 
Hubbard, Lond. 31 Jan. 1598, per resign. Henr. Stow ; ad 
pres. Gilbeni com. Salop. Reg. Qrindult. Kennet.] 

9 ^Love's Complaint for Want of Entertainment. A Ser- 
mon preached at Paules Crosse the tidrd of Deccmh. 16O9, 
Jy fVttham Holbrooke. Lend, for Nath. Butter, 4lo. penes 
me. Kbnnet.] 



Support of the same in these Timei, Sfc. Ibid. 1631, 
&c. qu. besides other things fit for the press, as 
one, shewing what a true visible church is, and 
another what predestination is. He concluded 
his last day in the beginning of June in sixteen 
hundred twenty and two, being then about 54 
years of age, and was buried in the church of S. 
Andrew before-mentioned. By his last will and 
testament, he bequeathed a tenement to Line, 
coll. called Ship hall, situated on the West-side 
of that street, anciently called Schediard-street, 
now commonly called S. Mary-hail-lanc, in O.von. 
The picture of this Mr. Randall drawn to the 
life when he was fellow of Line. coll. is, or at 
least was lately, hanging in the common-room of 
that house. 

JOHN OWEN, or Audoenus as some call 
him, the most noted epigrammatist in the age he 
lived, was born at Armon in Caernarvonshire, 
educated in Wykehaui's school, admitted perpe- 
tual fellow of New coll. after he had served two 
j'ears of probation there, in 1 584 ; took the degree 
of bach, of civil law in 1590, and leaving his 
fellowship the year after, taught school (as some 
of his antient country-men tliat remember him, 
have told me) at Trylegh near to Monmouth, and 
at Warwick (as the tradition goes there among 
the schoolmasters) in the school founded by K. 
Hen. 8. in the place of one Tho. Hall, about the 
year 1594. He was a person endowed with seve- 
ral gifts, especially with the faculty of poetry, 
whicti hath made him famous for those books of 
epigrams, that he hath published, wherein an 
ingenious liberty of joking being by him used, 
was, and is now with some, especially foreigners,' 
not a little pleasing and delightful. But that 
which I must farther note of him is, that being 
always troubled with the disease that attends 
poets (indigence) he was received into the pa- 
tronage of his country-man and kinsman. Dr. Jo. 
Williams, bishop of Lincoln, and lord-keeper of 
the great-seal, who for several years exhibited to 
his wants. He hath written, 

Epigrammatuin Lib. 3. ad Mariam Nevitl Co- 
mitis Dorcestriee Filiam dicati. Lond. 1606. oct. 
printed twice that year. 

Epigrammatum Lib. singularis; ad doctiss. 
Heroianani D. Arabetlam Stewart. 

Epigram. Lib. 3. ad Hen. Principem Cambria 
duo ; ad Carolum Ebor. unus. 

Epigram, ad tres Meecenates Libri tres. Ad 
Car. Noel Eq. &; Baronnettum, unus. Ad Gul. 
Sedley Eq. Sf Bar. alter. Ad. Rog. Owen Eq. 
Aur. tertius. 

' [Omnium manibus feruntur Oweni Epigrammala, non- 
nunquam in ipsis scholis juventuti explicantur. — Fateor no- 
tis non dcfuisse epigramniatum scriptorcs. Instar omnium 
niilii est noster Harderus, quern ipsi Oweno ob acumina, 
sales, et clegantiam styli praeferre non dubitavi. Lud. Hol- 
bergi Opuscula Latina, p. 236, 234. Lovedat.] 



1022'. 



[471] 



321 



OWEN. 



EDMONDS. 



322 



I(J22. 



Monosticha quadam Ethica S( Politica veterum 
Sapient urn. 

All which coming out as successive additions 
to the several editions ^ of the three first books of 
epigrams, were at length publish'd in one vol. in 
Oct. and twelves, not only in England but beyond 
the seas. In the year 16I9, Jon. Vicars usher of 
Ch. Ch. hospital in London, and a puritanical 
poet, having selected many of them from several 
of tlie books that were then extant, did translate 
them into Engl, verse and were that year printed 
at London in oct. Thomas Peckc also of the 
Inner Temple gent, did translate 600 of the said 
epigrams into Engl, verse, which were printed 
with Martial de Spectaculis, or of the Rarities to 
be seen in Rome, and with the most select Epigr. 
of Sir Tho. More : To which is annexed a Centura 
of Heroic Epigrams, [Sixti/ whereof concern the 
twelve Ccesars, and the forty remaining severall 
discerning Persom.^ &c. All published under the 
general title of Parnassi Puerperium: [Or some 
Well-Wishes to Ingenuity.*'] at Lond. 1659- in oct. 
And lastly Tho. Harvey hath Englished most or 
all of tlicm ; but these I have not yet seen. The 
first Latin impressions of the author Owen, being 
greedily bought, and taken into the hands of all 
ingenious scholars, and forthwith conveyed beyond 
the seas, they came at length into the hands of 
the Romish inquisitors after heretical matters 
in printed books, who finding dangerous things in 
them, especially these two verses following, the 
book was put into the Index Expurgatorius : 

" An Petrus fuerit Romae, sub judice lis est. 
Simonem Romae, nemo fuisse negat.'* 

Fox which verses, and others of the like nature, 
Owen's uncle, who was a Papist, or at least Po- 
pishly affected, (from whom he expected legacies,) 
dashed his name out from his last will and testa- 
ment; which was the chief reason, that he ever 
after lived in a poor condition. He died in six- 
teen hundred twenty and two, and was buried in 
St. Paul's cathedral within the city of London, 
at the charge of the before-mentioned Dr. Wil- 
liams ; who also, soon after, caused a monument 
to be erected to his memory on a pillar next to 
the consistory stairs, with his effigies (a shoulder- 
piece in brass) crown'd with laurel, and six verses 
to be engraven under it. The two first of which 
run thus : 



* [In the Bodleian are the following : 
J. London l607, 8vo. O. 8. Art. Seld. 

2. London l6'iy, 8vo. O. 10. Art. 

3. Lugd. Bat. 1628. 8vo. C. 99- Line. 

And a very neat edition ' prioribus auctior, longequeemcn- 
datior,' by Renouard of Paris, has been printed there in 8vo. 
1794.1 

3 fRAWLINSON.] ♦ ("RaWLINSON.] 

' [• Manv, th.it Peter ' ne'er saw Rome', declare; 

Bvu all must own, that Simon hath been there.'] 
Vol. U. 



' Parva tibi statua est, quia parva Htatura, 8U« 
pelle.x 
Parva, volat parvus magna per ora liber.' 

The rest you may see in Hist. 8( Jntiq. Univ. 
Oxon. lib. 2. p. 144. a. where the reader is to note 
that by the error of the printer, 'tis said that Joh. 
Owen died iG'i.*). and not in 1622 as before 'tis 
told you. As for the generosity of Dr. Williams 
done to the memory of this little poet, Richard 
Bruch hath an ei)igram in his Epigrammatum 
Hecatontades diitc. Lond. 1627- oct num. 3. 
But that which 1 must note of him farther is, that 
whereas he had made many epigrams on several 
people, so but few were made on, or written to, 
him. Among which few, one was written by Joh.* 
Stradling, and another by Joh. Dunbar' a Scot. 
[Owen was the third son of Thomas Owen, of 
Pladu in Llanarmon, in com. Carnarvon, esq ; 
and of Jane, the daughter of Morris ap Eliza, and 
sister of Sr. William Morris of Cleneney, knight. 

HuMPnUKYS. 

There are several impressions of Owen's por- 
trait, in the title of the various editions oi hit 
epigrams.] 

CLEMENT EDMONDS, son of sir Tho. 
Edmonds comptroller of the king's houshold, was 
born in Shropshire, (at Shrawardine, as 'tis said) 
became either clerk or chorister of Allsouls coll. 
in 1585, aged 19, took one degree in arts, and 
then was chosen fellow of that house 1590. Four 
years after he proceeded in that faculty, and then 
leaving the coll. was, mostly by his father's endea- 
vours, made successively secretary, as 'tis said, 
for the French tongue to Q. Elizab. about l601, 
remembrancer of the city of London, master of 
the requests, muster master at Briel in Zeland, 
one of the clerks of the council, and in l6l7 a 
knight. He was a learned person, was generally 
skill'd in all arts and sciences, and famous as well 
for military, as for politic affairs, and therefore 
esteemed by all an ornament to his degree and 
profession. He hath written and published. 

Observations upon the five first nooks of Cttsar's 
Commentaries, &.c. Lond. 1()00. fol. 

Observat. on the sixth and seventh Books of 
Ccesar's Com. Lond. 1600. fol. 

Observat. on Ca-sar's Com. of the Civil Wars, in 
3 Books. Lond. 1609. fol.« On which, or the 
former observat. Ben Johnson « hath two epi- 
grams.' All, or most of, these observations, are 

« In lib. 4. £p/gr. p. I.59. 

' In cent. 4. EjiigraM. Lond. I616. oct. nu. 6<3. 

5 [These are all |irinlcd tOi^ether, folio, without dale ; and 
dedicated lo prince Henry, of whom there is a portrait in the 
title-page. A copy, given by the author, in the Bodleian, H, 
7. 20. Art.] 

9 In the first vol. of his works, in his £/,igr. ,p. 34. nam, 

110. 111. , ■ c 

' [Edmonds was also honoured wiih commendations from 
tlie pens of Camden, Daniel, and Silvester] 



[472] 



323 



BYFIELD. 



324 



j6?2. 



[473] 



reprinted with an edition of an Eishth Commen- 
tary on the Wars of Gallia, written oy A. Ilirtius 
Pansa, beginning where Caesar left, and deducing 
the history to the time of the civil wars; with our 
author's (tdmonds) short observations upon them. 
Printed at the Savoy, in the Strand, near to Lon- 
don, 1677. fol. Before which edition is the life 
of Caesar (with an account of his medals) revised, 
corrected, and enlarged. In 156.3 Arthur Gold- 
ing of London published an English translation 
of Casai's Commentaries, but whether he made 
any observations or notes on them, I have now 
forgot.3 Our learned author sir Clem. Edmonds 
died within the parish of St. Martin in the I'ields 
near to London, on the twelfth * day of Octob. 
in sixteen hundred twenty and two, and was 
buried in the little chappel belonging to bis ma- 
nour of Preston near to the antient borough of 
Northampton. Over his grave is a comely mon. 
erected, having an Cnglish and a Lat. epitaph 
inscribed thereon. The last of which being al- 
ready ^ printed, you shall therefore have the other, 
as most proper for this place. ' Here lyeth sir 
Clement Edmonds knight, one of the clerks of his 
majesty's most honourable privy council. His 
dextrous pen made him worthily esteemed excel- 
lent in his own vocation ; and in the art military, 
by CiEsar's confession, an understanding soldier. 
He lived faithfully, industrious in his place, and 
died religiously constant in the belief of the re- 
surrection,' &.C. One sir Tho. Edmonds knight 
(a member of the privy council) died in Nov. 
J 639, and left behind him a daughter named 
Muriel the wife of Rob. Miidmay esq. Which 
sir Thomas, I take to be the same with Tho. 
Edmonds, (brother to sir Clem.) who " was secre- 
tary for the French tongue, and" being made trea- 
surer of the king's houshold ly of Jan. I6l7, was 
about that time sent, by his majesty, ambassador 
to Brussels, and elsewhere. 

NICHOLAS BYFIELD, son of Rich. Byfield, 
(who became minister of Stratford upon Avon in 
Jan. 1596.) was born* in Warwickshire, became 
a batler or a servitor of Exeter coll. in Lent-terin, 
an. 1596, aged 17 at least; continued under a se- 
vere discipline more than 4 years, but never took 
a degree. Afterwards entring into the sacred 
function, he left the university, and had intentions 
to go into Ireland to obtain preferment in the 
church, but at Chester, in his way thither, he 

' [And he translated A Postell or orderly Disposing of 
cerleyne Epistles usiialh/ red in the Chif^ch of God vppon the 
Sunda^es and Ihiydayes thrcughotU the whole Yere. IVrilten 
in Latin Ly Daiid Chryfaus, and translated into English. — 
Loud. I070, 4to. Dedicated to sir Walter Miidmay, chan- 
cellor of the exchequer. Rawmnson.] 

♦ Liti. Cerlif. in OJfic. Armorum, I. 5;2. fol. 62. b. 
s In Hilt. &" Antiq. Univ. Oxon. lib. 2. p. 181. b. 

* Jieg. Matric Univers. Oxon. f. pag. 148. 



was, upon the delivery of a noted sermon at that 
place, invited to be pastor of St. Peter's church 
there : which invitation being esteemed by him as 
a great providence, he willingly accepted. So 
that continuing there several years a constant 
preacher, was much followed and admired by the 
precise party, who esteemed his preaching profit- 
able, and his life pious. He was a strict observer 
of the Lord's day at that place, and preached and 
wrote for the sincere observance of it, which 
caused some pens to be active against him, parti- 
cularly that of Edw. Breerwood, who being a 
native of that city, was sometimes his auditor. 
At length being called thence, he had the benefice 
of Isleworth in Middlesex conferr'd on him,'' 
where he remained to his dying day. He was a 
person, in the opinion of the zealots, of profound 
judgment, strong memory, sharp wit, quick inven- 
tion, and of unwearied industry. Also, that in his 
ministry he was powerful, and that unto all turns 
and upon all occasions, not only at Chester, but 
at Istleworth, where his preaching and expound- 
ing were very frequent, &c. The books that he 
hath written are these, 

An Essay concerning the Assurance of God's 
Love and of Man's Salvation. Lond. 1614. oct. 
[Bodl. 8vo. E. 8. Th.] 

Exposition on the Epist. to the Colossians, &c. 
Lond. 1615. and 28. [Bodl. CC. 43. Art.] &c. in 
fol. 'Tis the substance of near 7 year's week-day's 
sermons at Chester. 

Directions for the private Reading of the Scrip- 
tures, &.c. Lond. 1618. [Bodl. 8vo. B. 146. 'Th. 
and London 1648, Bodl. 8vo. B. 24. Th. BS.] &c. 
oct. 

Treatise shewing how a Godly Christian may 
support his Heart with Comfort against all the 
Distresses, which, by Reason of' any Affliction or 
Temptation, can bejall him in this Life. Lond. in 
oct. This was published afterwards again, in the 
Marrow of the Oracles of God. 

Beginning of the Doctrine of Christ, or a Cata- 
logue of Sins. Lond. 1619, 20. in tw. Sometimes 
bound in two vol. 

The Marrow of the Oracles of God. Lond. 
1620. [Bodl. Bvo. P. 168. Th.] &c. and 1660. in 
tw. Which edit, of I66O. containeth these six 
treatises following, viz. (1) The Principles or the 
Pattern of wholsom Words; [or a Collection of 
such Truths as are necessary to be believed unto 
Salvation.'] &c. Printed the first time at Lond. 
1618. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. L. 101. Th.] (2) The Spi- 
ritual Touchstone : or, the Signs of a Godly Man, 
&c. Lond. 1620. and 37. in tw. (3) The Signs of 
a Wicked Man. Lond. 1620. in tw. (4) The 
Promises: or, a Treatise shewing how a Godly 

' [1C15, 31 Mar. Nich. Byfield, clericus, admiss. ad vicar, 
de Istleworth, per mortem Tho. Hawkes, ad prcs. decani et 
capituli S. Georg. Windsor.^ Reg. King, Ep'i Load. Ken- 

KET.J 



325 



BYFlIvLD. 



326 



1622. 



[474] 



« 

\ 



Christian may support his Heart with Comfort, &c. 
See b;f"ore. (o) I'he Rules of' a holy Life towards 
God, Men, and our selves. Loud. I(il9. 20. in tw. 
(6) The Cure of the Fear of Death, &c. Loud. 
1618. Oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 13. 146. Th.] 

Commentary or Sermons on the 2 Chap, of the 
1 Epist. of St. Peter. Lond. 1623. qu. [Bodl. 
4to. P. 45. Th. and in folio, Lond. 1636. 
Watts.] 

The principal Gromids of Christian Religion, — 
Several times printed. 

Sermons on thejirst ten Verses of the third Chap, 
of the 1 Epist. of S. Peter.^ Lond. 1626. qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. J. ll.Th.] Which sermons with the 
Commentary or Sermons before-mentioned, came 
out afterwards with additions, entit. A Commen- 
tary upon the three frst Chapters of the first Epistle 
of S. Peter, &c. in fol. In 1637. (if not before) 
came out a Com. upon the whole Jirst Epistle, in 
fol. 'Under the name of Nic. Byfield. 

Answer to Mr. Breerwood's Treatise of the Sab- 
bath. Oxon. 1630. 31. Written by him while 
he was at Chester. 

Exposition on (he Apostles Creed. Lond. 1626. 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. J. ll.Th.] 

Light of Faith and Way of Holiness. Lond. 
1630. Oct. 

Signs of God's Love to us. Lond. 1631. oct. 

3'Ae Practice of Christianity : or an Epitome of 
Mr. Rich. Roger's seven Treatises. — The said trea- 
tises were published by Mr. Rogers' I6IO. and 
were epitomized by this Nicholas, (as it seems,) 
and not by Richard, Byfield, as some think. 

Several Sermons. As (1) on Psal. 72. 18, 19. 
(2) On Joh. 5. 28, 29, &.c. 'Tis commonly re- 
ported that this person died at Istleworth before- 
mentioned, in sixteen hundred twenty and two : 
Which, if true, his writings and works shew him 
(being not then above 44 years of age) to have 
been a person of great parts, industry and readi- 
ness. He left behind him a son named Adonirara 
Byfield, a most zealous and forward brother for 
the cause, of whom I shall make mention in R. 
Byfield in another part of this work. 

[In an epistle ' to the Christian reader,' by Wil- 
liam Gouge, prefixed to Byfield's Commentary 
upon the second Chapter ofthefrst Epistle of Saint 
Peter, 4to. 1623, we have the following character 
of the author and account of his acute sufferings : 
' Hee was a man of a profound judgment, strong 
memory, sharp wit, quick inuention, and vnvvea- 



* [This was dedicated by his widow, Elizabeth Byfield, 
to sir Horatio and lady Mary Vere, as the author intended to 
have done, had he lived a little longer. From this dedication 
it seems, that the Veres had adopted one of Byfield's cljildren, 
and had assisted him in other ways by their bounty, during his 
life] 

» [1569, 16 Junii rev""' contulit d'no Ric'o Rogers cp'o 
suflVagan. sedis Dovor, ecclesiam dc Mydlev, Cant. dioc. per 
mort. Maniris Collens. Reg. Parker. Keknet.] 



ried industry. He was in his ministry very power- 
ful, and that vnto all turns, as we speak. When 
he had to doo with tender an<l troubled con- 
sciences, he was a Harnabas, a sonne of comfort ; 
but when hee had to doo with imj>udent and ob- 
stinate sinners, hee could make his face hard and 
strong, and shew himself like to Boanerges, the 
sonnes of thunder. Graue, sober, and temperate 
he was in his carriage ; and yet, with his intire 
familiar friend, he could be modestly plca.sant. 
God gaue him a great measure of patience, and 
hee had in his very body that which tried his pa- 
tience ; for it a[)ptyirs, that he carried a torturing 
stone in his bladder fifteen yeers together, ana 
vpward. 1 have heard it credibly reported, that 
fifteen yeers before his death, he was by a skilful! 
chirurgion searched ; and that, upon that search, 
there was a stone found to bee in his bladder : 
where upon hee vsetl such meanes as were pre- 
scribed to him for his ease, and found such help 
thereby, as he thought, that either the chirurgion 
which searcht him, was deceived ,• or that the 
means which hee vsed had dissolued the stone. 
But time, which manifesteth all things, shewed, 
that neither his chirurgion was deceived, nor yet 
his stone dissolved : for it continued to growe big- 
ger and bitiger, till at length it came to bee of 
an incredible grcatnes. After his death hee was 
opened, and the stone taken out; and being 
weighed, found to be 33 ounces and more in 
weight ,■ and in measure, about the edge, fifteen 
inches and a halfe ; about the length, aboue 13 
inches ; about the breadth almost thirteen inches. 
It was of a solid substance, to look upon, like to 
a flint. There are many eie-witnesses besides 
myself, who can iustifie the truth heerof. A won- 
derfull work of God it was, that he should bee 
able to carry such a stone in his bladder, and 
withall to doo the things which he did. He was 
a close student ; witnes the many treatises which, 
time after time, he published in print. He was 
also a diligent preacher, for constantly hee 
preached twice on the Lord's dales ; and in Sum- 
mer, when many of the gentry and city came to 
his parish at Islevvorth, and dwelt there, he spent 
an houre on Wednesday, and another on Friday, 
week after week, in expounding the scripture in 
his church : very seldome was he hindred by the 
forementioned stone in his bladder. This course 
he kept on till about five weeks before his death, 
when the paine came so violently vpon him, as it 
waited his vital 1 vigor, yet did it no way weaken 
his faith : but, as the outward perished, so was 
the inward man renewed in him. He earnestly, 
praid, that the extremity of the pain might not 
make him vtter or doo any thing vnbeseeming his 
vocation and profession ; but withall he aduised 
his friends to consider, tliat he was but as other 
men, and thereupon to iudge charitably of his 
carriage in that case.] 

Y 2 






327 



FULLER. 



328 



NICHOLAS FULLER,' the most admired 
critic of his time, son of Rob. Fui. a French-man 
bom, (or at least a borderer on France, and by 
profession a carver of wood or stone,) by Katha- 
rine his wife, descended from the antient and 
worshipful house of the Cressets of Siiropshire, 
•was born in the antient borough of Southampton, 
educated in Lat. and Gr. in the free-school there, 
first under John Hurlokc, then under Dr. Had- 
rian Saravia. At length being made ripe for the 
university, he was taken from school into the 
family of Dr. Rob. Home, B. of Winchester, 
where s|)ending some time in study, was by him 
made his secretary, and after his death was con- 
tinued in that office under Dr. Joh. Watson his 
successor, at the request of Dr. W. Barlow, bro- 
ther-in-law to Hornc. But Watson dying; also 
after he had sate three years, our author Fuller, 
as being weary of civil affairs, retired to his home 
with a resolution to follow those studies which his 
geny did then very much direct him to. But 
before he was settled, he was invited to instruct 
in juvenile learning, Henr}', William, and Oli- 
ver, Wallop, the sons of a knight of Hampshire. 
With the two former he afterwards went as a 
tutor to the university, and in the beginning of 
Mich, term, 1584, they were all matriculated as 
members of St. John's coll. our author Fuller 
being then 27 years of age. But his pupils re- 
maining there but a little while, William receded 
to his home, and our author with Hen. \\'^allop 
translated themselves to Hart-hall ; where, with- 
out any neglect of his precious time, he im- 
proved his studies to a miracle; took both the 
degrees in arts, and then retired to his own coun- 
try. At length taking the sacred function upon 
him, he became rector of a small village called 
Aldington, alias Allington near to Amesbury in 
Wilts. But so small was his benefice, that it 
could not maintain an ingenious person in com- 
mon necessaries. Here he was as a candle put 
under a bushel, so private was his place and em- 
ployment, yet so dear were his studies to him, 
that by passing through all difficulties, he at- 
tained to so great a proficiency in the tongues, 
and was so happy in pitching upon useful difficul- 
ties, tending to the understanding of the scrip- 
ture, that he surpassed all critics of his time. 
Afterwards he was made prebendary of Ulfcomb 
in the church of Salisbury, and rector of Bishops 
W^altham in Hampshire: which last he obtained, 
as 'tis said, by the gift of Dr. Andrews, B. of 
Winton. This most renowned person hath writ- 
ten these things following. 

Miscellanea Theotogica. Lib. 3. Heidelb. I6l2. 
oct. [Bodl. 8vo. D. 31. Art.] 

To which he added a fourth book, published 

' [Quidam Nicolaus Fuller, A. B. Cant. an. 13()2-3. 
Reg, Acad. Cant. Baker.] 



with the former three at Oxon. 16 1 6. [Bodl.4to.Z. 
17. Th.] and at Lond. 1617. qu. [Bodl. 4to. F. 
8. Th. Seld.] But these Miscellanies coming 
soon after into the hands of Joh. Dmsius an old 
Belgian critic, (whom 1 have before-mentioned,) 
he grew angry and jealous, as one ' tells us, that 
he should be out-shined in his own sphere. 
Whereupon he spared not to cast some drops of 
ink upon him for being his plagiary, and taking 
his best notes from him without any acknowledg- 
ment. But our author knowing himself guiltless, 
as having never seen Drusius his works, added a 
fifth and sixth book to the former, entit. 

Miscellanea Sacra, cum Apologia contra V. cl. 
Johan. Drusium. Lugd. Bat. 1622. qu. [Bodl. 
4to. Z. 17. Th.] and at Argent, 1650. &c.' All 
which Miscellanies are remitted into the ninth 
vol. of the Critics, [Bodl. BS. 20?.] and scat- 
tered and dispersed throughout the whole work 
of M. Pool's Si/nopsis. He hath also written. 

Exposition q/' Rabbi Mordochai 'Nathan's Hebr. 
Roots, with Notes upon it. — MS. in the archives 
of Bodley's library. [Bodl. Arch. A. 133.] Which 
book doth shew his excellent skill in the Hebrew, 
and in other philological learning. 

Lexicon.— MS. [Bodl. Arch. A. N« 183.] 
W^hich, had he lived, he would, with his Exposi- 
tion, have published. At length breathing out 
his divine soul at Allington before-mentioned, 
about the tenth day of Febr. in sixteen hundred 
twenty and two, was buried in the middle of the 
chancel of the church there, on the 13 of the 
same month, and thereupon his prebendship of 
Sarum was conferred on one Tho. Clerk, 28 Apr. 
1623. Besides this ISich. Fuller, was another of 
both his names and time, son of Nich. Fuller of 
the city of London, merchant, younger son of 
Thom. Fuller of Neat's-hall in the isle of Shepy; 
which Nich. having received education in one of 
the universities, (in Cambridge as it seems, where 
he was a benefiictor to Eman. coll.) went after- 
wards to Grays-Inn, of which he was at length a 
counsellor of note, and a bencher. But being 
always looked upon as a noted puritan, and cham- 

[)ion of the nonconformists, pleaded in behalf of 
lis two clients, Tho. Lad and Rich. Maunsel, 
who had been imprisoned by the high commis- 
sion,) and endeavoured to prove that the eccle- 
siastical commissioners had no power by virtue of 
their commission to imprison, to put to the oath 
ex officio, or to fine any of his majesty's subjects* 
Whereupon a legal advantage being given to 
archb. Bancroft, Fuller was imprisoned by him, 
and continued in custody several years. He hath 
written. An Argument in the Case of Tho. Lad 
and Rich. Maunsel his Clients, proving that Eccle^ 
siastical Commissioners have not Power by Virtue 
of their Commission to imprison, to put to ttie 

» Tho. Fuller in his Wvrtkies. 



[475] 



1622-23. 



329 



COM BACH. 



PEMBLE. 



330 



Oath ex officio, or to fine any of his Majesty's Sub- 
jects. Lorul. U307. [Bodl. 4to. F. 13. th.] and 
and I(J41. qu. [liodl. C. 8. 29- Line. He died 
in durance on the 23 of Feb. 1619. aged 76 years, 
and was buried towards the Eiist end of the South 
isle joyning to the churcli of Thatchain in Berks, 
(in which parish his seat called Chamber-house 
is situated,) leaving then behind him two sons, 
Nicholas and Daniel, besides daughters. Nicho- 
las, who had been a student in Queen's coll. in 
this univ. of Oxon, was a knight while his father 
lived, but dyin^ 30 of July 1621, was buried near 
to the grave of nis said father. 

[Wood derived his information respecting 
Fuller from the Epistle to sir Henry Wallop, 

I)refixed to the Miscellanea Theohgica. Add to 
lis works the following : 

Dissertafio de Nomine niH'. De Nomine Je- 
hovu pervulgato : deque iacu, hviS, \uiZa. Grecorum, 
et Jove Lntiuorum. Printed in Hadrian Ilelan- 
dus, his Decas Exercilationum Philologicarum de 
vera Pronuntiatione Nominis Jehova, Tr, ad 
Rhen. 1707, 8vo. pag. 433.] 

JOHN COMBACH (Comiiachius) was born 
in Wetteraw, a part of Germany, educated in the 
academy of Marpurg, within the dominion of the 
Lantgrave of Hesse, retired to Oxon to compleat 
that learning which he had begun in his own 
country, about l608, and the next year I find him 
a sojourner of Exeter college, where he was then 
noted to be a very good philosophical disputant, 
and a sreat admirer of Holland and Pridcaux, 
especiiilly the last. After be had laid the foun- 
dation of one or more books there, he retired to 
Marpurg, of which, being M. of A. he became 
ordinary professor of philosophy thereof, and 
much fam'd for the books that he published in 
that faculty. Among which are some of these 
following, 

Jntidotum oppontum M. Joh. Hesselbeiuio, in 
quo i prisca Philosophic if Srholasticortim Doc- 
trinte, 1. Formarum Divisio eruitur. 2. I'roprio- 
rum Comrniinicatio destruitur, &c. Marpurg. 
Cattorum l608. oct. [Bodl.Svo. U. 41. Art.] 

Jntidoti Lib. 2. circa Doctrinam Partiiim inte- 
grantium. Marp. Cat. 1(508. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. U. 
41. Art.] 

" De Philtris, utrum Animi Hominis his com- 
" moveantur Uecne, Tractatus. Hamburg. 1609. 

Metaphysir.orum Lib. singiilaris. Marp. Cat. 
16 1 3. 20. [Bodl. 8vo. H.61. Art.] oct. &c. De- 
dicated, by the first epistle before it, to the vice- 
chancellor, heads of colleges and halls in Oxon. 
and the rest of his favourers there. The 2 epist. 
is written to his honoured friend Dr. Joh. Pri- 
deaux, rector of Exeter coll. 

Liber de Homine. Marp. l620. oct. [Bodl.Svo. 
S. 30. Art. S>ld.] 



. /Printed wit 

. > the forme 

•^"' j book 1620. 



rmer 



SCaseo. 
Divinationibus 
Jlstrologia 
diciaria. 

Phtfsicorum Libri IF.juxta SensumAristotelit Si 
Peripateticorum. Marp. 1620. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. 
G. 84. Art.] 

Actus solennis Promotionis XIIL Magisfrorum 
Philosophic, habitdi in Acad. Marpurgtn.si, &c. 
Marp. 1622. oct. [Bodl. 8vo. B. 32. Med.] 

" De Communiune Idiomatum 6f Eurhnristia. 

IG39." Other things, as 'tis probable, he 

liath published, but such I have not yet seen. 
While he studied in Exeter coll. (where he con- 
tracted friendship with Will. Helmc the sub- 
rector,3 a man of rare piety, and with G. Hake- 
well, K. Vilvaine and others) studied also one of 
his countrymen, a quick disputant, who writes 
himself Hen. Petreus, afterwards a learned man, 
doctor of philosophy and physic, and dean of the 
faculty of philosophy at Marjnirg for a time, 
about 1613. 

WILLIAM PEMBLE, the son of a minister 
of God's word, was bjjrn in Kent, (at E^erton as 
I have been informed) sent to Magd. coll. in the 
beginning of the year 16 10, aged 18, where con- 
tinuing a severe student (under the tuition of R. 
Capeli) till after he had compleated the degree of 
bach, by determination, which was in lent 1613 
he retired to Magd. hall adjo^'ning, became a 
noted reader and a tutor there, took the degree of 
M. of A. entred into sacred orders, made div. 
reader of that house, became a famous preacher, 
a well studied artist, a skilful linguist, a good 
orator, an expert mathematician and an ornament 
to the society among whom he lived. All which 
accompUshments were knit together in a body of 
about 32 years of age, which had it lived to the 
age of man, might have proved a prodigy of learn- 
ing. Adrian Heerebooid, sometimes professor of 
philosophy in the university of Leyden, is very 
profuse in his commendations of this our author 
and his works ; and good reason he hath for so 
doing, for in his book entit. < Meletemata Philo%o- 
phica (wherein he takes upon him to confute the 
commonly entertained and old Aristotelian opi- 
nion asserting the substantiality of the vegetative 
and sensitive souls to be different and distinct 
from that of matter) he hath taken a great quan- 
tity from them, especially in his four disputations 
De Formis, which are mostly composed from our 
author Pemble's book De Formarum Origine. 
The works of the said W. Pemble are these. 

Findicia Gratis: A Plea for Grace, more 
especialli/ the Grace of Faith. Ox. 1629- qu. 
(sec. edit.) 

J [S. th. bac. presented by lord chancellor Egerton 
ifilO. to Evendale. (CO. Wigorn.) in qu. Tahkbr.] 
♦ Printed at Aipstcrdain IOC5. in qu. 



[476] 



331 



SPRINT. 



332 



Vindkix Fidei : A Treatise of Justification by 
Faith. Ox. 1625. qu. publisheH by Joli. Geree, 
sometimes M.A. of Magd. hall. Our author's 
mind did run so much upon this subject, that he 
said, when he was upon his death bed, that he 
would dve in it, viz. in his persuasion of justifica- 
tion by the righteousness ot Christ. 

Treatise of the Providence of God. 

The Book of Ecclesiastes brief y explained.— 
Printed 1628. qu. 

The Period of the Persian Monarchy, wherein 
sundry Places of Ezra, Nehemiah and Daniel are 
cleared. [Published and enlarged by Richard 
Cavel.'] Lond. 1631. Cju. [Bodl. 4to. B. 47. Jur.] 

Exposition on the first nine Chapters of Zachary. 
Lond. 1629. qu. [Bodl.4to. P. 39- Th!] 

Five godly and profitable Sermons. Lond. 1628. 
29. qu. 

Fruitful Sermons upon the I Cor. 15. 18, 19. 
Lond. 1629. qu. [Bodl. 4to. P. 39- Th.] 

Introduction to the worthy Receiving of the Sa- 
crament of the Lord's Supper. Lond. 1628. 29- 
Lond. 1639. oct. 

De Formarum Origine. Lond. 1629. in t\v. 
dedic. to Dr. Accepted Frewen. Printed also at 
Camb. in tw. 

De Sensibus intemis. Lond. l629. Ox. 1647. 
in tw. 

Enchiridion Oralorium. Ox. 1633. " qu." &c. 

j4 Sum of moral Philosophy. Oxon. 1630. [and 
1632, Bodl. 4to. S. 19- Art.] qu. All which books 
or treatises (those only that were written in Eng- 
lish) were remitted into one volume, and printed 
several times. The third impression was at 
Lond. 1635. [Bodl. S. 5. 13. Th.] and the fourth 
at Ox. 1659. [Bodl. B. 21. 13. Th.] both in 
fol. 

[A briefe'] Introduction to Geography. Ox. 
[1630, Bodl. 4to. E. 2 Art.^] 1685. qu. At 
length our author (a zealous Calvinist) retiring to 
the house of the before-mention'd Rich. Capell, 
minister of Eastington alias Easton near the city 
of Glocester, to make some continuance there for 
the sake of study and health, died of a burning 
1683 feaver in sixteen hundred twenty and three, and 
was buried in the yard under the great yew-tree, 
on the North side of Eastington church. Over 
his grave was a stone soon after laid, with these 
words engrav'd thereon ; Here lyeth tlie body of 
William Pemble, master of arts and preacher, 
vho died 14 Apr. an. 1623. 

[Mr. Pemble owed his education to the exhi- 
bitions of John Baker of Mayfield in Sussex, 
esq; as Mr. Capel in his ad. before his book of 
the Sacrament. Tanner.] 

[477] JOHN SPRINT, son of Dr. Joh. Sprint, de- 

scended from those of his name living in the city 

' [And at Oxford, 4to. 1669, penes me. Colb.] 



of Bristol, was born, as I conceive, there, or in 
Glocestershire near to it, elected student of Ch, 
Ch. in 1592, took the decrees in arts, and some 
time after became vicar ol Thornbury in the said 
county. Thence he removed to London, was 
cried up by the citizens for a godly and frequent 
preacher, and by them much followed, but was 
cut off in the prime of his years when great mat- 
ters were expected from him. He was a grave 
and pious divine, yet for the most part disaflected 
to the ceremonies of the church of England while 
he continued at Thornbury. At length upon the 
gentle persuasions of Mr. Sam. Burton, archdea- 
con of Gloc, he did not only conform, but was a 
great instrument in persuading others to do the 
like, by a book that he wrote and published 
called, Cassander Anglicanus, which I shall anon 
mention. His works are these. 

Propositions tending to prove the necessary Use 
of the Christian Sabbath, or Lord's Day, 8lc. 
Lond. 1607, qu. [Bodl. 4to. S. 45. Th.] and in 
1635 in tw. or oct. 

The Practice of that Sacred Day, framed after 
the Rules of God's Word — printed with the 
former. 

The Summ of Christian Religion by way of 
Question and Answer. Lond. 1613, oct. [Bodl. 
8vo. F. 54. Th.] 

Cassander Anglicanus : shewing the Necessity of 
confortning to the prescribed Ceremonies nf our 
Church, in Case of Deprivation. Lond. 16I8, qu. 
[Bodl. 4to. H. 32. Th.] dedicated to Sam. Bur- 
ton, archd. of Gloc. Whereupon came out A 
brief and plain Answer to the first Reason of it, 
which was rcplyed upon by Sprint, but I have 
not yet seen it.* 

The Christian's Sword and Buckler : or, a Let- 
ter sent to a Man seven Years grievousli/ ajflicted 
in Conscience, and fearfully troubled in Mind, 8cc. 
Lond. 1638, oct. These are all the pieces I think 
that he hath written, which are published, and 
therefore I shall only let the reader know that he 
was buried within the precincts of the church of 
St. Anne, situated in the place called the Black- 
friars in London, (of which he seems to have 
been minister or lecturer) on the seventh of May 
in sixteen hundred twenty and three. See more 
of him in Hist. Sf Antiq. Univ. Oxon. lib. 1. p. 
.S09. b. His father. Dr. Sprint, who was dean of 
Bristol,' and a frequent preacher, (but a Calvi- 
nist) I shall mention more at large in the Fasti, 
under the year 1574, not as a writer,* but as a D. 
of D. and rich dignitary. 

* [This Answer, which is anonymous, was printed with 
Cassander Anglicanus, as was Sprint's Reply ] 

' [For the Sprints, in later generations, see Calamy'» 
Account nf the ejected and silenced Ministers, and the Con- 
tinuation to that work. Hunter.] 

' [Wood might have introducecf Sprint as a writer from 
the following extremely rare oration, spoken by him and 
printed, whust dean of Bristol : 



I6e3. 



333 



SPRINT. 



334 



[Siiriat, the son, was a violent Calvinist, early 
in lite, and was actually imurisoned by the vice- 
chancellor, Dr. Howson ot Christ church, for 
preaching against the very ceremonies and dis- 
cipline ot the church of England, which he, after- 
wards, strenuously supported by his writings. For 
this offence, upon complaint to queen Elizabeth, 
Sprint was ordered to make a public apology, 
which he submitted to in the following words — 
I doe faithfully promise and protest, that I will 
hereafter in the whole carriage of my selfe both 
in speach and behaviour, towards you Mr. Vice- 
chancdllour and the rest of the governors of the 
universitie, demean myself in a more modest, 
temperate and dutifull sort, desiring you all to 
accept of this my submission as proceeding from 
him whoe doth now with greef acknowledge his 
former uniidvised courses." 

The following lines are from his verses prefixed 
to Storcr's Life and Death of JVolsei/, 4to. 1 599, 
and were, probably, some of his earliest compo- 
sition. 

Ad illuslrissimns Comiles Warwicen$em el Leiccstrensem 
Oratio Gralulaloria DrislollirE hahila April Anno 1587. 
Oxonicr, ex Officina Typographica Josep/ii Barneiii. One 
sheet 12I110. This oration by Sprint was not known to 
Ames or Herbert, and the copy in the Bodleian, formerly 
bishop Tanner's, is probably the only one now in existence. 
It contains the following brief preface : 

' April \6. lllustrissirai cojnites Warwicensis ac Leices- 
trensis e Bathonia decedentcs Bristolliam venerunt, inipor- 
tunis Ciuium precibus inuitati, eooue magis quod Insignis- 
simus Leicestrensis Ciuitatis esset illius (vt vocant) Senes- 
callus. Postridic eius dicl sacram Synaxin a Concione Lei- 
cestrensi traditam, eum a prant.:o ad Praetorium ut (pro 
officio) de ciuitatis illius causis copnosceret cum Proetore et 
Senatn asceiideret pro prsetorij foribus dictum est in haec 
verba." Then follows Sprint's Oration, after which, the 
following lines, 

• In aduentum Illustrissimi Comilis Leicestrensis com 
primum Caneellarius Oxoniensis Acaderaiam accederet. 

lledditur Oxonio Bustis Erepta Rcpente 
Te Veniente Salus Das Vrb. Dudlee Lucem 
Kxhiloras VuUu Speni Cedit Amabile Nomen. 
Consilit K Luctu Languens Acadcniia Regnat 
Inuidiosorum Voces Suppre.ssit Ouatque. 
Xcrxis Opes Nomenque Jacent En Nobilc Sydus 
Indeuincibilis Supcrat Comes Omnia Mundo 
Egrejjius Splendor Laudisqiie Excclsa Cnpido 
Efliciunt Similem Ter-magnis Rcgibus Esse. 
Kec Seciis Interius Splendet Viget Intima Virtus 
Accumulansque Tuas Laudes iEtcrna Triumphans 
ViiietSecIa, Magisque Vigens Lucentia Tanget 
Astra Sono; Et Coelo Veneranda Locabit Amantem. 
Finis.' 
It is scarcely necessary to point out, that these Capitols 
form the following complimentary inscription: 

ROBERTV.S DVDLEVS CANCELLARIVS OXO- 
NIENSIS COMES LECESTRENSIS VIVAT L.VI-:- 
TVS MVLTA SECVLA ; 
Or to say, that the lines display more than ordinary inge- 
nuity in this ppccies of composition, since authors are gene- 
raHy cnmpelled to borrow their Capitals from the middle 
of scver;il words, wlureas in the above, the first Letter only 
is required to form the intended compliment.] 

9 [Wood's Annals, edit, by Gutch, Oxon. 1796. *'ol- "» 
p. 274 j 



Thus long a slaue to silence hast thou seru'de; 
lir-eake out (o muse) into thy lirst u.Hsayes: 
Was therefore this mine infant verse reseru'de. 
In fatall darknesse, to record thy prayse, 
O witte diuine, that hast so well cfeseru'd 
The fruitfull garland of eternal bayes? 
Then let thy fame erect my drooping eie«. 
And by thy praise begin my selfe to rise. 

Let me, while eagle-wise thou mountes on 

height, 
Be as thy shade with lowly cariage. 
And whiles abouc thou spread'st, with piercing 

flight, 

Prowde Wolsey's life, let me, in humble rage, 

Condeme the world below, that wanting light 

See'th brightsome candles burne vpon her stage. 

Till vitall humor faileth to sustaine them. 

Yet (niggard) gives no matter to maintaine 

them. 

There was a time when lavreats in their cell,- 
Diuinely rauisht, wrate those tragickc playes. 
That after should in loftie buskin swell. 
Whiles they, with huge applause, and frolike 

bayes 
(Their learn'de ambitious browes beseeming 

well) 
Sate, prowdly tickled with the peoples prayse ; 
And from th' indulgent consuls wondring 

hand 
Extol a rich reward and laurell band. 

It was the worldes first youth tliat ware the socke 
And wanton myrtill, ensigne of her sport, 
That had the force to moue a sencelesse blocke 
To gentle laughter, and by force extort 
Sweete teares of myrth euen from the stuborne 

looke 
Of men obdurate, and vnfeeling sort : 

So sharpe and piercing were those wittes of 
olde; 

No whetstone giues a better edge than golde. 

Virgil, that with his two-fold oaten rcrde. 
Then with his thrice-admired cornet sings. 
Had great Augustus patron of his deede. 
And sweete Mecajnas, spring from grandsire 

kings ; 
Whiles he their names from death, they him from 

neede, ' 

With mutuall freedome one another brings. 
Where vertue doth for learning honor frame. 
There thankful learning addes to vertue,fame. 

Our age, an aged world, euen doating olde. 
That like a miser with a cureless gowte 
Hugges on those heapcs that neuer may be 

tolde ; 
So, mong that greedic and promiscuous rowte, 
Ere one Mecaenas spread the salue of golde, 
Our bleare-eyde Horaces may looke them out: 



f 



335 



CLUVER. 



336 



A speech long saide, but not perform'd before 
That Homer and the Muses stand at doore. 

Great patrons giue us leave their brasse to 

guilde, 
And from deserued graue dead names to rayse, 
Crowning Minerua for her spcare and shielde 
With golden wreathe, her book with only 

bayes. 
Because they thinke that fitter for the fielde, 
And men of learning well repaid with praise. 
They giue the spurre of praise, but add the 

rame 
And curbe of want, to checke them backe 

againe. 

And so with spurre of praise are poets paide. 
Their muse, their labour and industrious art; 
That rightly spur-galled they may be sayde: 
But if in equall ballance of oesart 
Gentle, vngentle ; men with men were wayde. 
Not poizing men by birth but by their partes. 

Their vertues of their minde, their witte, and 
wordes, 

Kings were but poets, poets more than lordes.] 

PHILIP CLUVER, (Cluverius) the son of 
a maker or coiner of money, was born [in the year 
1580,] at Dantzick, the chief town of the province 
of Prussia in Poland, but descended from an 
antient and genteel family of his name living in 
the dutchy of Bremen in Lower Saxony, instruct- 
ed in his puerile years at home, in his youthful in 
the royal court of Poland, where he learned 
among the courtiers the exact speaking of the 
Polish tongue and their manners. Tlience his 
father sent nim into Germany, where he received 
a command from him to apply his mind solely to 
the study of the civil law. Whereupon he jour- 
neyed to Leyden in Holland, and did endeavour 
to follow it ; but his geny being naturally en- 
clined to geography, he followed, for altogether, 
that study, especially upon the persuasions of Jo- 
seph Scaliger, who had perused his Table of Italy, 
which he had composed while he was a youth in 
Poland. Thence, partly to see the world, but 
more for the conversation of Just. Lipsius, he 
took a journey into Brabant, but missing him, 
was dispoiled by thieves, who left him in a manner 
naked. Thence he returned to Leyden, and 
afterwards went into Bohemia and Hungary, 
where coming to the knowledge of one Popel a 
baron, who had been closely confined by the 
emperor for some misdemeanours, did translate 
his Jpology (written in his own defence) into the 
Latin tongue. Which coming to the ear of the 
emperor, Cluver was thereupon imprisoned. Af- 
terwards, being set at liberty, he travelled into 
Scotland, England, France, Germany and Italy. 
In England his chief place of residence was in 
this university, particularly in Exeter coll. of 
which he became a sojourner for the sake of 



Holland and Prideaux in l609, aged 29, where 
being settled he wrote his book De tribus R/ieni 
Alvtis, as I shall tell you anon. In Italy he 
became acquainted with some of the Cardinals, 
who held him in great esteem for his curious 
and exact knowledge in Geography, the Greek 
and Latin tongues, and for his marvellous know- 
ledge in the Dutch, German, French, Italian, 
Bohemian, Hungarian, Polonian and British 
language. Afterwards he returned to Oxon again, 
being then highly valued by Mr. Prideaux for 
one or more of his things then publisb.ed ; and 
had offers of promotion lendcr'd unto him. But 
Leyden being the place of his delight, he re- 
tired thither, and tho' he could get no place of 
benefit there, yet the curators of that university 
gave him an yearly stipend for the encourage- 
ment of his studies, as being a person repleat- 
ed with all human literature, antient histories, 
and geography. He is stiled by a certain ' 
author ' vir stupendae lectionis & cmxx,' and by* 
another ' princeps aetatis nostrae geographus,' 
and 3 ' magnum Germanise ornamentum.' His- 
works are, 

De tribus Rhetii Alveis Sf Ostiis ; item de quinque 
Populis quondam accolis, &c. Lugd. Bat. l6ll. 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. C. 56. Art. Seld.] This book was 
written in Oxon, with the helps of the public 
library, in the register of which place, as also in 
one of the public registers of tins university, the 
author is written ' Philippus Cluverius generosus 
Borussus.' 

Germanitz antiqua. Libri 3. Lugd. Bat. I6l6, 
fol. [Bodl. B. 1. 3. Art.] 

Vindelicia 8f Noricum. Printed there also the 
same year, with the next book going before. 

Sieilia antigua, cum minoribns Insults ei adja- 

centibus, Lib. 2. Lugd. Bat. 1()19, fol. [Bodl.B. 

5. 7. Art.] 

Sardinia antiqua. 1 t> • . j vi .u i- 

r> • , • ^ f rrmted with the former. 

Corsica autiqua. J 

Italia antiqua, &,c. Lugd. Bat. [ex officina 
Elseviriana,] 1624. Printed in two tomes in fol. 
(with his picture [anno aetatis XL. Anno Christi 
MDCXX,] before the first) containing four books. 
[Bodl. B. 5. 18, 19. Art.] 

Introductionis in Uuiversam GeograpMam, tarn 
veterem quam novam, Libri sex. Lugd. Bat. 1624, 
qu. [Bodl. 4to. C. 55. Art. Seld. with a funeral 
oration, in honour of the author, by Daniel Hein- 
sius; again at Amsterdam 1661, Bodl. A. 6. 10. 
Line; at Oxford 1657, Bodl. 8vo. C. 25. Art. 
BS. ; and with additions and notes by Ilekelius, 
Reiskius &c. Lond. 1711, Bodl. EE. 152. Art. 
and at Amst. 1729- Bodl. C. 5. 15. Line] &c. 

Disquisitio de Francis &; Franeia. Printed in 
Andr. du Chesne his Hisloriee Francorum Scrip- 
tores cdetanei. Lut. Par. 1636, [Bodl. A. 2. 9. 

' Job. Mich. Dilher in Disputal. Acad. 
^ Ger. Jo. Vossius Dc Hist. Grcecis. 
' Idem in Hist. P*lag. 



[478J 



337 



WISDOME. 



SUTTON. 



538 



1623. 



1023. 



1479] 



Jur.] p. 175. Our author Cluvcrius died< of a 
consuniption,fibout the month of June, at Leyden 
jn sixteen hundred twenty and three, and in that 
of his age 43, leaving then behind him a son 
named John SigismundCluver, born in St. Savi- 
our's parish in Southwark, who was niatrieulated 
as a member of Exeter coll. in lf)3.'), aged 18, a 
Londoner born, and as son of Philip Cluverius a 
priest. The same year he was admitted scholar 
of C. C. col. in this university, in a Surrey place, 
and afterwards became a learned man, but is not 
to be understood to be the same with J oh. Cluver 
author of Historiarum totius Mundi Epitome, &c. 
Lugd. Bat. 1<531, qu. for he was born in the pro- 
vince of Stormaren in Denmark, was D. D. of 
the academy of Sora in the island of See-landt in 
the said kingdom, and afterwards superintendent 
of South Ditiunarsh. 

[Wood has omitted one of his author's works : 
viz : Aniinadversiones in Jpuleii Librum de Mun- 
do. Printed at Franckfort l(ji2, in 8vo. Bodl. Svo. 
A. 23. Art. Seld.] 

SIMON WISDOME, was born in Oxford- 
sliire, being of the same family with those of his 
sirname who lived at Burford, was entred a stu- 
dent of this university about 15G6, and took the 
degree of master of arts as a member of Gloc. 
hall. Afterwards retiring to his estate at Shipton 
Underwood near to Burford, lived as a gentleman 
there many years, and employed his time (being 
a zealous and harmless Puritan) in virtuous indus- 
try and piety. He hath written several books, 
as I have been informed by persons of his neigh- 
bourhood, but I have not seen any, only. 

An Jbiidgment of t lie Holy History of the Old 
Testament, from Jldam to the Incarnation of 
Chriat. Loud. 1394, oct. He died in July or 
Aug. in sixteen hundred twenty and three, and 
was buried, as I conceive, at Shipton before-men- 
tion'd, where in the churchyard, at the East end 
of the chancel, were some of his sirname buried 
before his time. I find one Sim. Wisdome to 
have been alderman of Burford before-mention'd, 
and to have given constitutions and orders for 
the government of a free-school in the said 
town, 13 Elizab. Whereupon he was then, as 
he is now, reputed the founder of the said school. 
He died at Burford in 158.7, leaving behind him 
a brother named Tho. Wisdome, a nephew named 
Ralph, and a grandson called Simon, son of his 
son, called Will. Wisdome. \Miieh Simon, if 
he be not the same with the writer, may be the 
same with another Simon of St. Alban's hall in 
the latter end of qu. Elizab. " One Simon Wis- 
" dom, an Oxfordshire man aged 16, was matricu- 
" lated at Queen's coll. 1397." 

♦ Job. Mcursius in Jlhen. Batav. Lugd. Bat. l6"25. lib. 2. 
p. 291. Vide etiam Dan. Hcinsium in Oral, sua in Obit, 
eh. Cluucrii. Lugd. Bat. 1024. 

Vol.11. 



THOMAS SUTTON, a most florid preacher 
in the time he lived, was born in the parish of 
Bampton or Banton in Westmoreland, made • 
poor serving child of Queen's coll. in lf)02, aged 
17, afterwards tabarder, and when M. of A. per- 
petual fellow, an. 16H. About that time being 
in holy orders, he was made lecturer of St. Helens 
church in Abiiigton in Berks, and minister of 
Culliam near to that town. At both which places 
he was much followed, and beloved of all, for his 
smooth and edifying way of preaching, and for 
his exemplary life and conversation. After he 
had taken one degree in divinity (for he was doc- 
tor of that fac.) he was made lecturer of St. Mary 
Overies in Southwark, where also he was mucn 
followed and admired. At length being desirous 
to finish a work of charity which he had began, 
took a journey into his own country in 1023, 
and there at his native place put his last hand to 
the finishing of a free-school which he before 
had began, as his son Tho. Sutton sometimes of 
C. C coll. Oxon. hath told me, but in his return 
from Newcastle to London by sea, was unfortu- 
nately drown'd, as I shall tell you anon. He was 
a person esteemed by all that knew him to have 
been furnished with many rich endowments, and 
as a true scnant of God, to have employed his 
talent faithfully and fruitfully. His works are 
only. 

Sermons and Lectures, as (1) England's Sum- 
m-om, Sermon at Faufs Cross. On Hosea4. 1, 2, 
3. Lond. If) 13, oct. [Bodl. Svo. S. 221. Th.] 
(2.) England's second Summons, preached at the 
same place. On Rev. 3. 15, 16. Lond. 16 15, oct. 
[Bodl. Svo. S. 136. Th.] These two were reprint- 
ed in one vol. at Lond. I6I6, in oct. (3) The 
good Fight of Faith; Serm. before the Artillery 
Company. On 2 Tim. 6. 12. Lond. 1626, qu. 
Published by Francis Little, student of Ch. Ch. 
whose sister, the daughter of Francis Little of 
Abington brewer and inholder, Dr. Tho. Sutton 
our author had taken to wife while he was lec- 
turer there. (4) Jethroe's Council to Moses : or, a 
Direction for Magistrates, Serm. at St. Saviour's 
in Southwark, 5 Mar. 1621, before the honourable 
Judges. On Exod. 18. 21. Lond. 1631, qu. 
Printed by a certain bookseller, who, as 'tis said, 
took it in short-hand from Dr.tsutton's mouth. 

Lectures upon the eleventh Chapt. to the Ro- 
mans. Lond. 16.'32, qu. [Bodl. 4to. C. 44. Th.] 
Published by Job. Downham bac. ofdiv.i(bro- 

' [iSOOt ♦ Aug. Joh. Downham A. M. admiss. ad-vica- 
ri.nm S. Olavi in Veteri .ludaismo, per ccssioncni Rob'ti 
Brook. Reg. Bancroft, ep'i Lond. 

lOoi, 6 Mar. Joh. Uownbain A. M. admiss. ad eccl'iam 
S. Margar. Lolhbury, jwr cessionem Geo. Downam. lb. 

Eodem die Edm'. Harrison A. M. admiss. ad vicariam 
S. Olavi, in Veteri Jiidaismo, per resign. Jo. Downam. 

1()30, 3 Nov. Job. Downham A. ^f. admiss. ad eccl. Omn. 
S'ctorum ad fenn \Kt mortem Sampson Price S. T. P. Rt%. 
Laud, ep'i Lond. 



359 



CAMBDEN. 



340 



ther to Dr. George Downham B. of London- 
Derry in Ireland) who married the widow ot the 
author Sutton, and promised in his epistle to the 
reader set before them, that if the said lectures 
took with the men of the world, to put forth i.ec- 
tureson the 12/A Chapt. to the Romans, and on a 
ereat Part of the 1 \9th Psalm, which Dr. button 
had left behind him in MS. He died in the ocean 
(as I have already told vou) before he had attained 
to hio-h noon of perfection, on St. Bartholomew s 
,fi<,i day (24 Aug.) in sixteen hundred twenty and 
three ; at which time, many besides being cast 
away, some of their bodies were taken up, among 
which that of Dr. Sutton, was (as is supposed) one, 
and forthwith buried in the yard belonging to 
the church of Aldborough a sea-port town in Suf- 
folk. As soon as the news of this great loss came 
to London, one Robert Drury, who was first a 
R. Catholic, afterwards a Protestant, and at length 
a Jesuit, did much* rejoyce at it, as a great judg- 
ment befallen on Dr. Sutton for his forward zeal 
[480] jn preaching against the Papists ; but the 26th of 
Octob. following, he the said Drury was suddenly 
slain by the fall of the floor at an assembly of 
R. Catholics in the place called the Blackfriers m 
liondon. . » 

[There is a small head of Sutton m a sheet ot 
divine instructions, entitled The Christian's Jewel, 
Jit to adorn the Heart, and deck the House of every 
true Protestant : taken out of St. Mary Overies 
Church, in the Lectureship of the late deceased 
Doctor Sutton. The sheet in which his head is 
engraved, seems to contain some passages which 
were taken in short-hand from his mouth, while 
he was preaching.] 

WILLIAM CAMBDEN, sirnamed the Learn- 
ed, son of Sampson Cambd. a native of the city 
of Litchfield, citizen, and one of the society of 
painterstainers of London, by his wife, descended' 
from the antient family of the Curweiis of Wirk- 
ington in Cumberland; was born in the Old 
Baily, situated partly in the parish of St. Sepul- 
chre, and partly in St. Martin near Ludgate in 
the said city, on the second day of May, 3 Edw. 
6. Dom. 1551. When this most eminent person 
(of whom I shall be more particular than of ano- 
ther author) was a child, he received the first 
knowledge of letters in Ch. Church hospital in 

Spirilual Physick to cure the Diseases of the Soul, arising 
from Superfluitie of Choller, prescriled out of God's IVord. 
Imprinted l600. 8vo. Ded. to the right hon. sir Tlio. Eger- 

lon Kt. lord keeper of the great seal : ' Having had thro' 

your honourable bounty a part of the Lord's vineyard, allotted 
unto me bis most unworthy workman, by your honour his 
most worthy steward, I present these first fruits of my labour. 
— Your honour's, in all humble duty, most bounden John 
Downame ' Kennbt.] 

* See in a book enlit. Poeiici Conatus, written by Alex. 
Gill, jun. p. 11. 12. 

» See in Cambd. Britannia in Cumberland, in his discourse 
of Wirkington. 



London, then newly founded for blue-coated 
children, where being fitted for grammar learning, 
he was sent to the free-school, founded by Dr. 
Colet near to S. Paul's cathedral. About which 
time (1563,) he being infected with the plague, 
was sent to Islington, where he remained for some 
time to the great loss of his learning. In 1566, 
(8 Elizab.) he was sent to Oxford, and being 
placed in Magd. coll. in the condition of a cho- 
rister or servitour, did perfect himself in grammar 
learning in the free-school adjoining, then lately 
presided by Dr. Tho. Cooper, afterwards bishop 
of Line. But missing, as 'tis said, a demy's place 
of that coll. tho' of great desert, and partly 
grounded in logic, he was tr.insplanted to an an- 
tient hostle called Broadgate's, now Pembr. coll. 
where he continued two years and an half under 



the tuition of a "reat encourager of learning, 
called Dr. Tho. Thornton canon of Ch. Ch. who 
finding our author to be a young man of great 
virtue, and in him tokens of future worth, he took 
him to Ch. Ch. and gave him entertainment in 
his lodgings so long as he continued in the uni- 
versity. About that time he being a candidate 
for a fellowship in AU-s. coll. lost it for defending 
the religion then established, as Dr. (afterwards 
sir) Dan. Donn at that time fellow, did several 
times testify, and would often relate, how our 
said author Cambden was opposed by the Popish 

Earty of that house. In the month of June 1570, 
e supplicated * the ven. congregation of regents, 
that whereas he had spent four years in the 
study of logic, he might be admitted bach, of 
arts, but what answer was made thereunto, or 
whether he was then admitted, it appears not. 
In 1571 he relinquished his conversation with the 
muses, to the great reluctancy of those who were 
well acquainted with the pregnancy of his parts, 
and whether he was afterwards favoured in his 
scholastical endeavours by Dr. Gabr. Goodman 
dean of Westminster, whom he acknowledgeth' 
to have been patron of his studies, I cannot 
positively affirm. In 1573 he returned to Oxon. 
for a time, and supplicated again in the beginning 
of March for the said degree; which though, 
as it seems, granted, and so, 1 presume, he took it, 
yet he did not compleat it by determination in 
"School-street. In 1575 he was made second mas- 
ter of Westminster school, upon the recommen- 
dations of Godfrey, nephew to Gabriel, Goodman 
befoie-mentioned, (which Godfrey put him upon 
the study of antiquities, and bought, and' gave 
him books) and in 1581 he contracted an entire 
friendship with Barnab. Brisson, the learned chief 
justice of France, called by some Varro Gallia. 

' Rfcrist. Univ. Oxon. KK. fol. 95. b. 

» In his Britannia, in Middlesex, in his disc, of Westm. 

■ So Godf. Goodman bish. of Gloc. son of the said Godf. 
in his Review if the Court of K. James, by Str A. K^. [^n* 
thony fFeldon.'] MS. p. 19- 



341 



CAMBDEN. 



342 



While he continued in teaching at Westm. God 
so blessed his labours, that Dr. King bishop of 
London, Neyle arcbb. of York, Parry bishop of 
St. Asaph, &c. (to say nothing of persons im- 
ployed in those times in eminent places abroad, 
and many of special note at home ot all degrees,) 
did acknowledge themselves to have been his 
scholars. Besides also, as a testimony of his sin- 
cere love to the church of England, (which some 
in his time did doubt,) he brought there to church 
[481] divers gentlemen of Ireland, as the Walshes, 
Nugents, ORayley, Shees, the eldest son of the 
archb. of Cashils, Pet. Lombard a merchant's son 
of \\'aterford, a youth of admirable docility, (the 
same who was afterwards titular archb. of 
Armagh, primate of Ireland, domestic prelate and 
assistant of his holiness the Pope, and author of 
a book entit. De Regno Hibeniia, Sanctorum In- 
tultc, Commentarius. Lov. 1632, qu.) and others 
bred Popbhiv, and so affected. In 1582 he took 
a jonmey t(irough Suffolk into Yorkshire, and 
returned through Lancashire in the month of 
April, in order to the compleating of his Britan- 
nia, which he saiih he published in the same 
year, ' having with great industrj-, at spare hours, 
and on festival days, composed it. In 1588, Jun. 
S. he, by the name and tit. of Will. Cambden 
bach, of arts of Ch. Ch. supplicated the ven. con- 
vocation, that whereas he had spent 16 years, 
from the time he had taken the degree of bache- 
lor, in the study of philosophy and other liberal 
arts, he might bie dispensed with for the reading 
of three solemn lectures, and so be admitted to 
proceed in that faculty : which supplication was 
granted conditionally, that he stand in the act 
following, but whether he was admitted, or stood, 
ii doth not ap{>ear in the registers. In the same 
month and year he took a journey (Oxford being 
in his way) to Ilfarcomb in Devonshire, in order 
to obtain more knowledge in the antiquities of 
that country, and elsewhere, for the next edition 
of his Britannia, and on the sixth of February 
following he was made prebendary of Ilfarcomb 
in the church of Salisbury in the place of one J. 
Hotman ; which prebendship he kept to the time 
of his death, and then Edw. Davenant succeeded 
him. The sai<l journey, and others that he took 
for that purpose, the charges of them were ' de- 
frayed by the aforesaid Dr. Gab. Goodman. In 
1590 he journeyed into Wales in the company 
of Franc. Godwin of Ch. Ch. afterwards author 
of the Commentary of the Engliih Bishops ; and 
in 1592, Oct. 26, he was taken with a quartan 
awue, which made him often purge blood. In 
March 1592-3, he was made chief master of 
Westminster school, in the place of Dr. Ed. 
Grant, and in lo94 in the month of June, he 
was freed from his ague. In 15y6 he travelled 

* rrhis is a misuke, see col. 344, note'.] 
' ibid. GtMlf. Goodtnaa. 



to Salisbury and Wells, for the obtaining of more 
knowledge in antiquities, and retumecf through 
Oxon, where he visited most, if not all, of uje 
churches and chappels, for the copying out of 
the several monuments and arms in them, which 
were reduced by him into a book written with 
his own hand, by me seen and perused. In 97 
he fell into a most dangerous sickness; where- 
upon being taken into tne house of one Cuth- 
bert Line, he was cured by the care of that 
person's wife, and in that year he published his 
Greek Grammar. On the 22d of Oct. the same 
year he was, for fashion sake, (after he had re- 
fused a mastership of the requests, which was 
offered to him,) created herald of arms, called 
Richmond, because no person can be king be- 
fore he is herald, and the next day he was created 
Clarenceaux king of arms, in the place of Rich. 
Lee, esq ; who died on the 23d of Sept- before- 
goine. This was done by the singular favour of 
Q. Elizabeth, at the incessant supplication of his 
patron sir Fonlk Grerill, afterwartls lord Brook; 
Doth of them having an especial respect for him, 
and his great learning, in English and other anti- 
quities. In 1600 he took a journey in Summer 
time to Carlisle in the company of the eminent 
antiquary Rob. Cotton, esq; (afterwards a baro- 
net,) for the viewing of some Northern antiqui- 
ties to be put into another edit, of his Britannia, . 
and returned not till Dec. following. In l603, 
(1 Jac. 1.) when the plague raged in London, he 
retired to the house of his fhend Rob. Cotton 
before-mentioned, at Connigton in Huntingdon- 
shire, where he remained till the nativity of our 
Saviour. In 1606 he sent his first letters to Jac.' 
Aug. Thuanus the most noted historiographer of 
France, from which time to the death ot Thuanus, 
which was in Apr. I6l7, there was a constant 
commerce of letters between them. Our author 
Cambden stiles him-« ' Galiiae lumen Si historico- 
rum nostri sseculi princcps,* to whom he had com- r432l 
municated many material matters concerning 
English affairs, which were afterwards remittea 
into the several books of histories published hj 
him the said Thuanus. In I607, Sept. 7, be feu 
from his horse, artd dangerously hurt his leg: 
so that being perfectly lame, he kept up till the 
4th of July following; at which dme he went to 
order, set forth, and attend, the funeral of sir 
John Fortescue knight. » In I6O8, he began to 
put in order and digest his Jnna/s ofQ. Elizabeth; 
and in I6O9, being taken with a grievous disease 
on his birth-day, ne voided blood twice. At 
which time one being sick of the plague in the 
house next to that where he then was, he was 

* In Aitnal. Reg. Jac. 1. MS. tab. an. l6l7. 

' [The Cotlettioa of Histories, tnnaiated iato Fn^wh. aoA 
dolicated to the nronhipfiill John Fortocuc, ck) nui^trr oC 
the queenc's mm""* great gardrobe, by Thomas Korte<iie. 
Kexset Prin-ed Lond. 4io. 1 57 1 , widL 4to. ^ ll9.Med.- 
aod 1570, Bodl. 4U>. U. 3b. Art.] 
Z S 



343 



CAMBDEN. 



344 



convey'd to that of Dr. Will. Heather in West- 
miiister, and was cured of his disease by Dr. Joh. 
Gifford sometimes fellow of New coll. in Oxon. 
Whereupon betaking himself to Cliiselhurst in 
Kent, in the month of August, he remained there 
till tiie 28th of Octob. following. In the begin- 
ning of the year I6l3, at which time he attended 
the funeral of sir Tho. Bodky at Oxon, lie had 
the degree of master of arts offered to him, but 
refused, as it seems to take it, it being then too 
late to gain any benefit or honour thereby ; and 
soon after was made the first historiographer of 
Chelsea coll. by the founder thereof. In l6l9, 
Jul. 1. his name being then spread over the 
learned world, six noblemen of Germany gave 
him a visit at his house in Westminster, in whose 
albums (after they had complimented him for 
his high worth,) he, at their desire, wrote his name 
and a Latin sentence, as a testimony of respect to 
them, which they took for a very great honour ; 
and on the 18th of Febr. following he coughed 
up blood so much, that he was left in a manner 
dead and deprived of all sense. At that time Dr. 
Gifiord before-mentioned taking from him 7 
ounces of blood, cured him. In 1621, May 5, he, 
by his deed then bearing date, founded the His- 
tory Lecture of this university : which deed be- 
ing published in a convocation of regents and 
non-regents on the 17th of May 1622, he was in 
the year following declared a public benefactor of 
this university o\ Oxon. In 1622, June 7, he 
fell again into a most dangerous sickness, and on 
the I6th of Aug. following, while he sate musing 
in his chair, the office of his hands and feet sud- 
denly failed him : whereupon falling on the 
ground, rose again much distemper'd, and was 
never afterwards well till death convey'd him to 
the habitation prepared for old age. He was a 
very good natured man, was very mild and cha- 
ritable, and nothing was wanting in him for the 
compleating a good Christian. He was an exact 
critic and philologist, an excellent Grecian, Lati- 
nist, and historian, and above all, a profound an- 
tiquary, as his elaborate works testify. All which 
accomplishments being compacted in a little 
body, made him not only admired at home by 
the chiefest of the nobility, and the most learned 
of the nation, but also beyond the seas, particu- 
larly by Ortelius, Lipsius, Dousa, Scaliger^ Thua- 
nus, Gruterus, Piereskius, Is. Casaubon, Jo. Is. 
Pontanus, Fra. Sweertius, N . Chytreus, &c. The 
epistles of all whom, and of divers others of lesser 
note, I have seen in the Cottonian library, and 
collect thence that he was one of the greatest 
scholars of his time (as to the learning he pro- 
fessed) in Christendom. At home, I am sure he 
was esteemed the Pausanias of the British isles, 
and therefore his fame will be permanent so long 
as this kingdom is known by the name of Britan- 
nia. His works are these. 



Britannia ; site Regnorum Anglia, Scoliee, Hi- 
bernieEy &; Insularum adjacentium Description 
Lond. 1582, 85,* 87. in oct. Lond. 1590, 94, and 
1600. in qu. Lond. 1607. in fol. Printed with 
maps of every count)'. Epitomized by llegene- 
rus Vitellius Zirizaeus. Amstel. 1639- in twelv. 
The folio edit, of 1607, was translated into Eng- 
lish by Philemon Holland of Coventry. — Lond. 
I6l0. fol. revised and amended, Lond. 1637. foL- 
In both which editions are several of Holland's 
additions scattered in many places. This Britan- 
nia being much admired in France, was also 
translated into the language of that countr)-, and 

* [It is difficult to account for these Iwo dates, as here 
given by Wood, who is undoubtedly wrong. The first edi- 
tion was printed in Kvo. Lond. 1586, tlie second in 1587, 
third in 1690; then in 4to. 15()4, and 1600; in folio 1607, 
and again in 8vo. at Franc. 1616. All these are among Mr. 
Gougn's books in the Bodleian. Besides which there were 
editions printed abroad, 1. At Francfort I69O ; '2. Amster- 
dam 1617; 3. Leyden l639; and it was also incorporated in 
Jainon's Novus Atlas, Amst. l0')9,and in the fifth volume of 
Uleau's 'J'hfatrum Orlis, Amst. 1602: the latter much altered 
and interpolated. Of tlie edition of 1607, the late Dr. Raw- 
linson bequeathed a copy to the Bodleian, with MS notes, 
formerly Dr. Charlett's and then Hcarne's, which contains 
the following MS. memorandum, relating to the term* of- 
fered to bishop Gibson for his translation of the work, writ- 
ten in that prelate's own hand. 

* For the Additions I am content to take 20 s. per sheet, 
but bs. per sheet for the rest will never answer the labour: 

1. It must be compar'd with Camden's text; and con- 
sidering the translations are done by several pens, it will re- 
quire some pains extraordinary to make the stile of the whole 
alike. 

2. It must be read over to score, comma, &c. in order to y' 
press. 

3. The several books, letters, papers, &c. must be con- 
sulted in order to make emendations, references, and such 
other notes as are to come at y" bottom of the page. 

4. The last revise must be corrected; which, as correctors 
generally manage their business, is commonly little cleaner 
than y*^ first proof. 

5. The map of each county must be essamined. 

As for the lOs. per week for diet, lodging — tho' I am sa- 
tisfi'd it will hardly be sufficient, yet I shall not insist upon 
any alteration of that article. But y* more I consider the 
labor of preparing copy, y^ more I find a necessity of demand- 
ing an addition to y"^ reward for each sheet." 

Wood mentions the translation by Holland, and we 
have before noticed another English version by Knolles. 
The next was executed by bishop Gibson, with the as- 
sistance of several antiquaries, (see Censura Lileraria, ii. 
2>l.) and printed in one volume 1695 ; again, in two 
volumes, 171'2; thirdly in 1733; and lastly, with some fur- 
ther improvements, 1772. Two parts and a portion of a 
third of a translation by W. O. (William Oldys,) were 
printed in 4to. without date : but the best and most perfect 
work of the nature was a translation, with great additions, 
by Richard Gough, esq. of Enfield in Middlesex. This was 
first printed, in three folio volumes, 1789, and is a treasure iu 
English topography. A second edition, (the first volume 
only of which was revised by the editor) appeared in I8O6, 
and it may be confidently hoped, that the University of Ox- 
ford, (to whom Mr. Gough bequeathed all his valuable collec- 
tion relating to British topogmphy, with the copy-right of his 
work,) will do that honour to the literary fame of their bene- 
factor, which they alone have the power of doing, by pub- 
lishing a new edition of the book, with the whole of the edi- 
tor's vast additions and imprm-ements.] 



! 



345 



CAMBDEN. 



346 



printed with maps in Ibl. After the first quarto 
edition came out, Ralph Brook, or Brookmoiith, 
herald of arms by the title of York, made answer 
to it in a book entit. A Discovery of certain Er- 
rours published in Print in the much commended 
£483] Britannia. Printed 1594, in qu. [reprinted with 
Camden's Answer, and a Second Discovery of Er- 
rors, in 1723, 4to. I have omitted to give the 
Bodleian references to Camden's works, for the 
sake of brevity; contenting myself with stating, 
that they will all be found in the English Vati- 
can.] In which book the said Brooknionth en- 
deavours to make the world believe that Camb- 
den composed his Britannia mostly from the 
Collectanea of Joh. Leland without any acknow- 
ledgment, and at the end of the said Discovery 
adds a little thing written by Leland, called, A 
New- Years Gift given of him to K. Hen. 8. &c. 
Whereupon came out soon after, against that busy 
and envious person, (for so he was by his society 
accounted,) a vindication or reply, written by 
Cambden in Latin, containing about 30 pages in 
quarto, but not said when or miere printed. You 
may sometimes find it bound with the Discovery 
before-mention'd, and at other times with the 
Britannia printed in qu. for by it self I have not 
yet seen it. A certain credulous ' historian is 
pleased to set down in his Church History a copy 
of verses, like a two-edged sword that cuts on 
both sides, reflecting on Cambden for plagiarism 
from the said Collectanea. But under favour I 
think they are unworthily spoken, and unwor- 
thily set down. Why is Cambden, I pray, blame- 
worthy for making use of Leland's collections ? 
Was it because one was originally of Cambridge, 
and the other an Oxford man ? Verily, I think, if 
the truth could be known, that was the chief 
reason of the historian's carping. But let those 
of his opinion, if any there be, know, that Camb- 
den sought not to suppress those collections, as 
Pol. Virgil did certain authors. 

The other Works of Cambden are these follow- 
ing' ,. . . 
Jnstitutio GreeccE Grammatices compendtaria, m 

Vstim Regiec Scholec Wcstmonasteriensis. Lond. 
1597. &.e. oct. 

Reges, Regime, Nohiles, ^ alii in Eeclesid colle- 
giata B. Petri Westmonasterii sepulti, usque ad 
Jn. 1600. Lond. 1600, and l606, in about 10 
sheets in qu.' Involved in a book entit. Monu- 
menta Westmon. or, an historical Account of the 
Original, Increase, and present State of S.Teter's, 
or the Abby Church of Westminster, &c. Lond. 
published by Hen. Keep of the Inner-Temple, 

fent. sometimes a gent. com. of New-Inn in 
►xon. 
Remaiiis concerning Britain: their Languages, 

7 Tho. Fuller in his Ch. Hist under the year 1535. p. 198. 

• [In the possession of Dr. Rich. Rawlinson a most beau- 
tiful large paper-copy of this book, the coats of arms bla- 
zoned iu their proper colours. Rawlinsok.} 



Names, Surnames, Allusions, &c. Lond. 1604, 14, 
&c. qu. Publisiied at first under the two letters 
of M. N. wiiich are the two last letters of the 
authoi-'s name. To this book were several addi- 
tions made by Jo. I'iiiiipot, herald of arms, unde 
the title of Somerset. — ^Lond. 1637, &.c. qu. after- 
wards in oct. with Cambden's picture before all 
the editions. 

Rerum An^licarum, Sj Hibernicarum Annates, 
Regnante Elizabeth. In 4 purls. The first lialf, 
(with an Apparatus before it,) reaching from the 
beginning of the reign of Q. Eli/ab. to the end 
of the year 1588, was printed at Lond. in fol, 
1615, having had several things therein before 
that time expuntjcd, especially such that related 
to the story of Mary Q. of Scots. The other 
half, reaching from the beginning of 1589, to t!ie 
death of Q. Llizab., and an Appendii, were printed 
at the same place in fol. 1627. Both printed in 
two tomes at Leyden in oct. and in a thick oct. 
at Amsterdam, 1639,' and all translated into 
English by B. N. gent, and several times printed 
in to!. The last half was translated into English 
by Thom. Browne of Ch. Ch. (afterwards canon 
of Windsor,) and by him entit. Tomiu alter If 
idem: or. The History, i^c. Lond. 1629- in qu. 

His Opinion concerning the High Court of Par- 
liament. Lond. 1658. oct. Printed with the opi- 
nions on the same subject of Joh. Doderidge. 
Arth. Agard, and Franc. Tate. I have seen also 
a Discourse of his concerning the High Stew- 
ardship of England, but 'tis not as I conceive, 
printed. 

Epistolee ad illustres Viros. Lond. 1691. qu. 
To which Epistles, as also to those (f learned men 
to Cambden, is added an appendix.* , EpistoI» 

" Annales ab Anno 1603, ad An- varia: .-id viros 
" num 1623, printed with the former, doctos, writun 
" They are the annals of the reign of mostly in La- 
« king James I. To thc^e are added "«• ^''"'"lit. 
" Addenda for the years 1603, l(i04, and 1605. 
" As also certain memorables of Cambden's life 
" written with his own hand. And Commenta- 
" rius dc Etymologid, Antiauitate ^ Officio Comiiis 
" Maresihalle Jnglicc, in English poetry, and epi- 
" taphs in Latin. All published by Thomas 
" Smith, D. D. of Magdalen college i^2, after 
" the first volume of Athen.i: Oxome^jses was 
" publish'd. Before which Dr. Smith hath put 
" his life in Latin, with a catalogue of his works, 
" which life was collected and written by the said 
" Smith. 

" The first edition of Cambden's Grammar was 
" printed at London 1597". oct. printed afterwards 
" almost an bundled times. 

" Among the epistles written to Cambden are 
" many by Thomas Savile of Merton college, 

» ['I'he most correct edition is that by Hearne from Dr. 
Smith's copy, corrected by Camden himself, and collated 
with another Mi5. in Tho. Rawlinson's library. Piiiitedtn 
three octavo volumes, Oxford 1717-] 



("484] 



347 



CAMBDEN. 



348 



" some by Abraham Ortelius, Janus Dousa filius, 
" Janus Gruterus, John Stradling of Wales, 
" Paulus G. F. P. N. J. Lipsius, Jac. Aug. Thua- 
" nus, Job. Jonstonus, Jacob. Usscrius, Will. Be- 
" cherus, Jo. Isaac. Pontanus, Jo. Hotman, Nic. 
" Fabricius de Petrusco or Piereskius, Is. Casau- 
" bon, M. F. Limerius, Fran. Sweertius, Caspar 
" Dornavius, And. Velleius, Christopher Heydon, 
" John de Laet, Isaac. Gothofredus, Theodorus 
" Gothofredus, P. Puteanus, Henry Savile, Andr. 
" Schottus, John Budden, Tho. Rivius of New 
«' college, Deg. Whear," &c. 

• Annaks ^^'^ Annals of Kins James * reach 
Regis Jacobi. from the death of Q.Eiizab. 24 March 
ITiese reach, i602-3, to the 18 Aug. 1G23, and 
&c. First edit. jjQ farther, because the author being 
then very ill in body (remaining in that condi- 
tion till his death) he could not well continue 
them any farther : so that there wants memoirs 
more than for a year, to the end of the reign of 
K.James I. These annals are written with the 
author's own hand in fol. being only a skeleton of 
a history, or bare touches to put the author in 
mind of greater matters that he had in his head, 
had he lived to have digested them, in a full his- 
tory, as that of Q. Elizabeth. The original came, 
after his death, into the hands of Mr. Joh. Hacket, 
afterwards D. D. and at length bishop of Litch- 
field ; who, as I have been divers times informed, 
did privately convey it out of the library of the 
author, Hacket being then a master of arts of 
some years standing. This original being com- 
municated by the said Dr. Hacket, while lie was 
living at Litchfield; to Mr. (afterwards sir) Will. 
Dugdale, then Norroy, king of arms^he, con- 
trary to the doctor's knowledge, took a copy of 
it, which I have seen and perused at sir William's 
house called Blith-hall in Warwickshire, but 
therein I found many mistakes, as it afterwards 
more evidently appeared to me when that trans- 
cript was put into the Ashmolean musa;um. 
Another copy I have seen in the hands of sir Hen. 
St. George, Clarenceaux king of arms, which hav- 
ing been transcribed by one that understood not 
Latin, there are innumerable faults therein, and 
therefore not at all to be relied upon. After Dr. 
Hacket's death the original was .put into the 
library of Trin. coll. in Cambridge, where it now 
remains. Our author Cambden did also put into 
Latin, Actio in Henricum Garnet Sucietatis Jesu 
in Anglia Superiorem, &;c. adjectum est Supp/icium 
de Hen. Garnet Londini siunptum, &c. Lond. 
1607. qu. And also viewed, corrected, and 
published certain old writers, to whom he gave 
this title, Anglica, Nnrmanica, Hibernica, <Kf Cam- 
brica,per varios Aut/iores,&ic. Francof. IGO."), 04. 
fol. The first of which writers is Asser Mene- 
vensis his book, De Vita &■ Rebus gestis MIfredi. 
At length our author Cambden, paying his last 
debt to nature, in his house at Chiselhurst in 



Kent, on Sunday the 9th of Nov. (about 4 or 5 
of the clock in the morn.) in sixteen hundred 
twenty and three, his body afterwards was con- 
vey'd to Westminster, to the house there, where 
he used to dwell ; where lying in state for some 
time,' twas on the 19th day of the same month 
carried to St. Peters, commonly called the Abby- 
church within that city, accompanied by several 
of the heralds in their formalities, many of the 
nobility, clergy, gentry, and others. All which 
being placed, Dr. Christop. Sutton, a prebendary 
of that church, slept up into the pulpit, and made 
a true, grave, and modest commemoration of his 
life : adding, that as he was not factious in reli- 
gion, so neither was he wavering or inconstant, 
of which he gave good testimonies at his end, 

Crofessing in the exordium of his last will, that 
e died, as he had lived, in the faith, communion, 
and fellowship of the church of England. Ser- 
mon being ended, the body was carried into the 
S. cross isle, where it was buried in the West-side 
or part of it. As soon as the news of his death 
was certified to the sages or governors of the uni- 
versity, they, in gratitude to so worthy a bene- 
factor as he had been, caused his memory to be 
celebrated in an oration, publicly delivered by the 
mouth of Zouch Townley, M. of A. and student 
of Ch. Ch. who was then the deputy orator. To 
which speech many of the academians adding 
verses on the benefactor's death, they were, with 
the speech, printed with the title of Camhdeni 
Insignia. Oxon. 1G24. qu. After these things 
were done, vias a monument erected on the West- 
wall of the said S. cross isle with the bust of the 
defunct resting his hand on a book with Britannia 
insculp'd on the leaves thereof. This monument, 
which was composed of black and white marole, 
was somewhat defaced in 1645, when the hearse 
and effigies of Robert earl of Essex, the parlia- 
mentarian general, were cut in pieces and de- 
faced. The inscription however being left in- 
tire, I caused it to be printed ' elsewhere. In the 
last will and testament of this great scholar, which 
I have more than once perused, I find, besidos 
his public benefactions, his legacies of 16/. 10/. 
and 5l. to all his learned acquaintance then in 
being, as to Ja. Grutcr, library keeper to the 
prince Pal. elector of Heidelberg, 3/. To Mr. 
Tho. Allen of Gloc. hall in Oxon. 16/. To Jo. 
Selden of the Inner-Temple 5 /. 8lc. besides a 
piece of plate to sir Foulk Grcvill lord Brook, 
chancellor of the exchequer, who preferr'd him 
gratis to his office; and another, of l6/. price, 
to the company of painter-stainers of London, 
and this to be engraven thereon, ' Gul. Cambden 
Clarenceaux, filius Sampsonis Cambden pictoris 
Londinensis.' 
[The following letter from our author to arch- 

' In Hist. & Anttq. Univ. Oxon. lib. 2. p. 270. b. 



16S3. 



% 



[485] 



349 



CAMBDEN. 



[GAMAGE] 



WHITE. 



350 



bishop Usher, corroborates Wood's statements, 
and leaves a very favourable impression of Cam- 
den's iincerity and firmness. 

My most esteemed good M' D'. 
Your loving letter of the 8th of June I received 
the 4th of July, being retired into the country for 
the recovery of my tender health, where ' portum 
anhelans beatitudinis,' I purposed to sequester my 
self from worldly business and cogitations. Yet 
being somewhat recovered, I could not but answer 
your love, and M r. Doctor Rieves' letter for your 
sake, with the few lines herein enclosed, which I 
submit to your censure. 

I thank my God my life hath been such among 
men, as I am neither ashamed to live, nor fear to 
die, being secure in Christ my Saviour, in whose 
true religion I was born and bred in the time 
of king Edward VI, and have continued firm 
therein. 

And to make you my confessor ' sub sigillo con- 
fessionis,' I took my oath thereunto at my matri- 
culation in the university of Oxon. (when Po- 
pery was predominant) and for defending the 
religion established, I lost a fellowship in All 
Souls, as sir Daniel Dun could testifie, and often 
would relate how I was there opposed by the 
Popish faction. At my coming to Westminster, 
I took the like oath, where (absit jactantia) God 
so blessed my labours, that the now bishops of 
London, Durham, and St. Asaph, to say nothing 
of persons employed now in eminent place 
abroad, and many of especial note at home of all 
degrees, do acknowledge themselves to have been 
my scholars. Yea, I brought there to church 
divers gentlemen of Ireland, as Walshes, Nu- 
gents, O'Raily, Shees, the eldest son of the arch- 
bishop of Cassiles, Petre Lombard, a merchant's 
son of Waterford, a youth of admirable docility, 
and others bred Popishly, and so affected. 

I know not who may justly say that I was am- 
bitious, who contented myself in Westminster- 
school when I writ my Britannia, and eleven 
years afterward : who refused a mastership of 
requests offered, and then had the place of a king 
of arms, without any suit cast upon me. I did 
never set sail after present preferments, or de- 
sired to soar higher by others. I never made suit 
to any man, no, not to his majesty, but for a 
matter of course incident to my place, neither 
(God be praised) I needed, having gathered a 
contented sufficiency by my long labours in the 
school. Why the Analectist should censure me 
I know not, but that men of all humours repair 
unto me in respect of my place ; and rest content 
to be belied by him, who is not ashamed to belie 
the lords deputies of Ireland, and others of ho- 
nourable rank. Sed haec tibi uni et soli. * * * 
Your true and devoted friend, 

William Camden. 
A variety of Camden's MSS. will be found in 
the Cotton and Harleian collections, and many of 



his smaller nieces have been printed in the second 
edition of Hearne's Curious Uiscoursea. 

There is an original portrait of him in the Bod- 
leian library, which was engraved, for the last 
editions of the liritannia, by Basire.] 

[WILLIAM GAMAGE, an author omitted 
by Wood, wa.s educated in this university, proba- 
bly at Jesus college, where several of his name, 
sprung from the Gamages of Glamorganshire, 
studied. His claim to a place in the present 
work rests on one work only, and that of no me- 
rit. It is entitled Limi-fVoohie : or Two Centu- 
ries of Epigramnui. Oxford Ifjl.*), ICmo. In the 
title page the author terms himself * batciielour 
in the artes,' but i have not been able, after a 
diligent enquiry, to discover his name in the He- 
gtsters, although I find a William Gamage, the 
son of im esquire, who took that degree, October 
29. 16'23. Edward Gamadge and Thomas Ga- 
madge (as spelled in the original) entered at Jesus 
coll. in March 1668, probably sons or other rela- 
tions of our author. 

Mr. Park, who has given some extracts from 
this rare volume, in the Cemura Literaria, V. 348, 
says that it had another title-page, dated in 1621, 
but he supposes the book not to have had more 
than one impression, as it consists of the saddest 
trash that ever assumed the name of Epigrams. 
One extract shall suffice. 

To the ingenious cpigrammists Jo. Owen and 
Jo. Heath, both brought up in New college 
Oxon. 

Though you were both not of one mother bore. 
Yet nurs'd were you at the self-same brest, 

For fluent genius and ingenious lore, 

And the same dugges successively have prestr 

'Tis true ye are but fosterers by birtli. 

Yet brothers right in rimes conceitfull mirth.] 

" JpSIAS WHITE, elder brother to John 
" White, commonly called t/ie patriarch of Dor~ 
" Chester, was born at Staunton S. John near to, 
" and in the county of, Oxon, educated in Wyke- 
" ham's school near Winchester, admitted true 
" and perpetual fellow of New coll. in lo94, he 
" being then at least 22 years of age. Afterwards 
" taking the degrees in arts, took holy orders^ 
" and at length the degree of bach, of divyiity, 
" an. 16 10, much about which time he became 
" minister of Horn-church in Essex, by the fa- 
" vour of tlie warden and fellows of his coll. 
" where he was much frequented by some for his 
" precise and puritanical way of preaching. He 
" hath written, 

" yl plain and familiar Exposition upon the 
" Creed, Ten Commandments, Lord's-Prai/er, and 
" Sacraments, bi) IVaif of Question and jinswer^ 
« Lond. 1623. 

" Sweet Comfort for a Christian beino tempted — 
" printed with the former book. What other 



CTar. 



351 



WHITE. 



LEECH. 



35<i 



" things he hath written I know not, nor any honour to his memory caused, an Oration to be 
" tiling else of hiin, only tliat when he died, he publicly delivered by the mouth of Will. Price, 
" left behind him a son of both his names, bred 
" in fvew-Inn, afterwards rector of Langton in 
" the isle of Purbeck in Dorsetshire, who dying 
"in 1643, left then behind him his aged mother 
" and three brothers, John, William, and James; 
" all which he did in a manner maintain." 



THOMAS W'HITE, son of John White,»was 
born in the city of Bristol, (in Temple parish) 
but descended from the Whites of Bedfordshire, 
entred a student in Magd. hall in the year 1566, 
or thereabouts, took the deg. in arts, holy orders, 
and became -a noted and frequent preacher of 
God's word. Afterwards retiring to London, he 
was made minister of St. Gregory's church near 
to St. Paul's cathedral, and at length rector of 
St. Dunstan's in Fleetstrect, where he was held 
in great esteem for his godly and practical way of 
preaching. In 1584 he was licensed to proceed 
jn divinity, and in Nov. in the year following he 
had a canonry in the cath. ch. of S. Paul, and a 
prebendiliip there called Wenlock's Barn ' con- 
f'erred.upon him by John bishop of London, upon 
the nat. death of Rob. Towers, bach, of div. < 
In Apr. 1590, he was made treasurer of Salisbury 
in the place of Dr. .John Sprint, deceased ; in 91, 
canon of Ch. Ch. in Oxon ; and in 93 of S. 
George's church at Windsor. All that he hath 
published are only, 

Serinons, as ,(1) Two Senn. at S. PauFi in the 
Time of the Plague: the first on Zeph. 3. 1, 2, 
[486] 3. the other on'jer. 23. 5,6. oct. (2) Funeral 
Serm, on Sir Hen. Sidney. On 1 Job. 3. 2, 3. 
Lond. 1586. oct. (3) Serm. at Paul's-Cross, on 
the Queen's Day, 1589- On Luke 3. 10, 11, 12, 
13, 14. Lond. 1589. oct.s and others which I 
have not yet seen. This worthy doctor, who was 
esteemed, by all that knew him, an honest and 

f generous minded man, and a great encourager of 
earning, gave up the ghost on St. David's day 
1622-3. (1 Mar.) in sixteen hundred twenty and three, 
and in few days after was solemnly inter'd in the 
chancel of his church of S. Dunstan in the West, 
before-mentioned. Soon after, his death being 
certified to the heads of the university, they in 

* [Tlio. White, cler. admiss. ad vie. de Henham, com. 
Essex, 21 Sfpt. 1662: successit Joh. White, clcr. 1572, per 
resign. Tho. White. Reg. Grindnll. Kennet.] 

^ [Not the prebend of Weiilockesburn, but of More. 
Made treasurer of the church of Sarum by the queen's let- 
ters, 24 Apr, isgo. He was the founder of Sion college, 
London. Kennet.] 

* [This is a mistake. Towers was succeeded by Henry 
Hammond, and not by Thomas White. See Churton's Life 
ilfNotixell, I8O9, p. 311.] 

' \^A Sermon pT cache a at Paules Crosse the I7M of Nov. 
1589, i'^.joyj"!! liememtr^unce and Thankesgiviuge vnlo God 
for the piaceable Yeares nf \her Mnjcstye's most gracious 
Baigne over tis, now 32. By Tho. IVhite, Pro/essour in 
Divinifye. Printed by Robert Robinson, 1589. Kennet. 
This book had not beea se^n by Ames or Herbert.J 



publi 

the first reader of the moral philos. lecture, lately 
founded by the said Dr. White. To which 
speech, certain academians adding verses on the 
benefactor's death, they were, with the Speech, 
printed under the title of Schola Moralis Philoso- 
phia Oxon in Funere Whiti pullata. Oxon. 1624. 
in 2 sh. in qu. In 1613, he founded an alms- 
house in Temple parish within the city of Bristol, 
endowing it with 92/. |>er an. He also gave 100/. 
per an. towards repairing of highways near Bris- 
tol. In 1621, he founded a moral philoeophy 
lecture in the university of Oxon, and the same 
year he settled an exhibition for five students in 
Magd. hall. See more in Hist. &> Aiitiq. Univ. 
Oxon. lib. 2. p. 43, and 370, a. and b. As for 
his benefaction to the clergy of London at Sion 
coll. and to other places, (expending most, if not 
all his estate, which he got from the church, on 
public uses) let others tell you, while I proceed 
to the next writer, to be mention'd according to 
time. 

[1588, 12 Dec. Tho. W^hite, S.T.P. colK ad. 
preb. de Mora per mortem Joh. W^alker, S. T. P. 
Reg. Ailmer. aennet-] 

" JOHN LEECH, or Leechjeus, as he writes 
himself in the title of his Epigrams, was a 
Cheshire man born, or at least extracted from 
an antient family of that name living in the same 
county, spent some time in Oxon, particularly, 
as it seems, in Brasen-nose coll. and whether 
he studied for some time in Cambr. as I think 
he did, in truth, I cannot tell. However, this 
1 certainly know, that he having a natural pro- 
pensity to classical learning, took upon him to 
be a school-master ; and in truth such an one 
he was, that his equal could hardly be found iu 
his time. He took great delight in that em 
ployment, educated man)' generous yoi:ths, 
and others, who afterwards became famous in 
' their generations; and for their use wrote, 

" A Book of Grammar Qiiestions for the Help 
' of ynung Scholars, to further them in the Under- 
' standing of the Accidence, in 3 Parts. — This 
' book was several times printed in oct. as ia 

* 1628, which was the 2d or 3d edit, and in 1650. 

* It is dedicated to Mr. George Digby, son and 

* heir of sir John Digby, knight, vice-chamber- 
' lain to his majesty's houshold, (afterwards earl 
'of Bristol;) which sir John Digby was some- 
' times scholar to the author Joh. Leech, in gram- 
' mar learning, about 1592. Before the said 
' Book of Grammar Questions, Mr. Leech, the 
' author, hath a Lat. epistle directed to Rob. 
' Johnson, archdeacon of Leicester, founder of 

* two grammar schools in Rutlandshire, and a 
' greater encourager of the labours of Leech, 

who hath also written, as 'tis supposed, 

" Praxis tolius Latina Syntaxeos in quatuor 



/ 



;"^^'^J:«.%M*f*4^ 



353 



FAVOUR. 



SHAW. 



35- 



Clar. 
\6t3. 



[487] 



" Diali)S!,is cnmprehensa. Lond. If529. oct. pub- 
" lished by Jobii Clark, scliool-m.istcr of Lincoln, 
" who tells us, as he thinks, but will not be sure 
" of it, that John Leech was the author; who also 
" hath written, 

" Epigrammiita, &c. Lond. 1622, 23. in oct. 
" and other things which I have not yet seen. I 
" find one John Leecli, a gentleman's son of 
" Cheshire, to be commoner of Brasen-nose coll. 
" in 1.082, aged 17 years, and that he took the 
" degrees in arts, that of master being comnleated 
"in an act celebrated IJjul. 15yO: whether he 
" be the same with him that was the school- 
" master, I think not, or whether he was John 
" Leech the divine, who juiblishcil several ser- 
" mons and other things; among which are (1) 
" Serm. at the Funeral of the most excellent Prin- 
" cess the Lady Mary's Grace. On 2 Cor. 5. 1. 
" Lond. 1607. "oct. (2) Jn Elegy on the Lady 
" Mary's Grace, printed at the end of the sermon. 
" (3) 'rhe Train-Soldier, Sermon preached before 
" the Society of the Gentlemen that exercise Arms 
" in the Artillery Ground, 20 Apr. UJlQ. On 
" Hebr. 12. 4. Lond. I619. oct." 

JOHN FAVOUR, bom in the borough of 
Southampton in Hampshire, was educated for a 
time in grammatical learning there: after.vards 
being eompleated for the university in Wyke- 
ham's school, he was elected probationer of New 
coll. in 1576, and two years after was made com- 
pleat fellow. In 1592, he proceeded doctor of 
the civil law, and in the year following he became 
vicar of nallifa.x in Yorksh. in the place of Dr. 
Hen. Ledsiiam sometimes fellow of Mert. college 
who resigned. At which place being settled, he 
preached every Lord's-day, lectur'd every day in 
the week, exercised justice in the commonwealth, 
(being justice of peace as vicar of that place) 
practised for God's sake, and meerh' out of cha- 
rity, physic and chirurgery on those that were 
not able to entertain a professed doctor or practi- 
tioner. On the 23 March I616, he was collated 
to the prebendship of Drifteild in, and to the 
chauntorship of, the church of York, on the death 
of Dr. J. Broke or Brook* deceased, and in the 
beginning of March 16I8, was made warden of 
the hospital of St. Mary Magd. near Ripon in 
Yorkshire, on the death of Ralph Tonstall. He 
was esteemed a person of great piety and charity, 
and one well read in substantial and profounil 
authors, as it appears by those books he hath 
written, especially in that published, entit. 

Antiquity triumphing over Novelty, &c. or 
Antiquity a certain Note of the Christian Cath. 
Church. Lond. I619. qu. [Bodl. 4to. F. 10. Th.] 

* [Joh. Broke, S.T. B. admlbs. >iil rect. de Lavcralta com. 
Essex, 22 Apr. 1533, cl obiitante 8 Mali 1542. Reg. Stokes- 
tey et Bonner. Kennet.] 

Vol. H. 



He concluded his lust day in this \forld on the 
tenth of March in sixteen hundred twenty and 
three, and was buried in the church of Hallifax ; 
a copy of whose epitaph you may see in Hist. 6( 
Antiq. Univ. Oxon. lib. 2. p. 144. a. In his vi- 
caridge succeeded Rob. Clav, D. I), of Mert. coll. 
and him Hugh ILuniden, iJ. of D. another Mer- 
tonian in 1628, and in iiis chauntorship of York 
succeeded Hen. Hook, D. D. as I shall tell you 
elsewhere. 

JOHN SHAW, a Westmoreland man bom, 
became a student in Qw. coll. about the beginning 
of 1379, aged 19, took one degree in arts, left the 
coll. and at length became vicar of JDking or 
Woking in Surrey, where he was had in esteem 
by many for his preaching, and by some for bis 
poetry. His works are these. 

The Blessedness of Mary, Mother of Jesus. 
Serm. on Luke 1. ver. 28. and 45. Lond. I6I8. 
oct. [Bodl. 8vo. L. 10.5. Th.] 

The Comfort of a Christian, by Assurance of 
God's Love to him: ^\'ritten in verse. 

The Complaints of a Sinner: the Comfort of 
our Saviour — in verse also. These two last are 
printed with the former sermon. 

Bibliorum Summulu, sen Argumenta singuloruin 
Capitum Scripturcc Canonicce, utriufque Testament!, 
alphabetice Distlchis comprehensa. Lond, 1621, 
[Bodl. 8vo. B. 79. Th.] and 23, [Bodl. Svo. S. 
206. Th.] &c. in oct. Dedicated to Poynings 
More, son of sir Bob. More, a servant to king 
James, son of sir Gi'<«»ge More, son of sir W . 
More, knt. These are idl the things that I have 
seen written by this John Shaw, who was living 
at Oking before-mentioned in sixteen hundred 
twenty and three, before which time he had a 
son named Tobias, who was bach, of arts of Magd. 
coll. As for other sermons and books, which go 
under the name of Joh. Shaw, I shall mention 
. them hereafter in their proper place, as having 
been written by others of both those names. 

[Shaw w-as instituted to the vicarage of Wok- 
ing, on the 11th of September, 1588, and was 
deprived, probably for some kind of non-confor- 
mity, tiie justice of which he did not acknow- 
ledge, in 1596, when he was succeeded by Michael 
Vaiighan.' 

Li^onc of the windows of the church was the 
following distich, which is recorded by Aubrey," 
although now lost, from which it is plain Uiat 
Shaw considered himself the vicar long aftec his 
ejectment : 

Praifuit hie annos ter denos quinque Johannes 
Shaw, pastor, quando fabrica facta fuit. 

Shaw's muse is a ver}' homel}' one, and strongly 
resembles that of his predecessors, Sternhold and 

' [Manning's W»>/. 0/ Surrey, 1804, p. 144.] 
• [Aubrey's Ant iij. iif Surrey, iii. SI8.] 
2 A 



l0'.'3-4. 



Clar. 
1623. 



351 



WHITE. 



LEECH, 



352 



[486] 



1622-3. 



" things he hath written I know not, nor any 
" tiling else of him, only tliat when he died, he 
" left behind liini a son of both his names, bred 
" in ^ew-Inn, afterwards rector of Langton in 
" the isle of Purbeck in Dorsetshire, who dying 
" in 1643, left then behind him his aged mother 
" and three brothers, John, William, and James; 
" all which he did in a manner maintain." 

THOMAS WHITE, son of John White,Mvas 
born in the city of Bristol, (in Temple pari