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Full text of "Atlas and principles of bacteriology and text-book of special bacteriologic diagnosis"

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ATLAS AND PRINCIPLES 



OF 



BACTERIOLOGY 

AND TEXT-BOOK OF 

SPECIAL BACTERIOLOGIC DIAGNOSIS 

BY 

PROF. DR. K. B. le:::.iann 

Director of the Hygienic Institute in Wurzburg 

AND 

R. O. NEUMANN, DR. PHIL, and Med. 

Assistant in the Hygienic Institute in Wurzburg 



AUTHORIZED TRANSLATION FROM THE SECOND 
ENLARGED AND REVISED GERMAN EDITION 



EDITED BY 

GEORGE H. WEAVER, M.D. 

Assistant Professor of Pathology, Rush Medical College, Chicago 

PART I— ATLAS 

WUh 632 Figures on 69 Lithographic Haies 



" * ,/^HlLADELr^FftA*,AND',LONto*OK \ *," 

W."^'.^ SAUNDERS & COMPANY. 



Copyright, 1901, by W. B. Saunders & Company 



Registered at Stationers' Hall, London, England 



U 5-2 ex 
1901 



INDEX OF PLATES, 



PLATE. 

1. Streptococcus pyogenes. Rosenbach. 

2. Streptococcus lanceolatus. Gamaleia. (Diplococcus pneumo- 

niae. A. Frankel.) 

3. Sarcina flava. De Bary, emended by Lehm. and Stubenrath. 

4. Sarcina aurantiaca. Fliigge. 

5. Sarcina cervina. Stubenrath, 
Sarcina pulmonum. Virchow. 
Sarcina erythromyxa. Krai. 

I Sarcina lutea. Fliigge. 

Sarcina aurantiaca. Fliigge. 

Sarcina rosea. Schroter, emended by Zimmermann. 
Micrococcus badius. Lehm. and Neum. 
Sarcina canescens. Stubenrath. 

6. Micrococcus luteus. Cohn, emended by Lehm. and Neum. 
Sarcina pulmonum. Virchow, Hauser. 

7. Micrococcus tetragenus. Koch, Gaffky. 

8. Micrococcus pyogenes a aureus. (Ros.) Lehm. and Neum. 

(Staphylococcus pyogenes aureus. Rosenbach.) 

9. Micrococcus pyogenes y albus. (Ros.) L. and N. (Staphylo- 

coccus pyogenes albus. Rosenbach). 

Micrococcus pyogenes /3 citreus. (Ros.) (Staphylococcus pyo- 
genes citreus. Rosenbach.) 

Micrococcus candicans. Fliigge. 

10. Micrococcus gonorrhoeae. Neisser, Bumm. 

11. Micrococcus roseus. (Bumm.) Lehm. and Neum. 

12. Bacterium septicaemiae haemorrhagicae. Hiippe. (Chicken chol- 

era, rabbit septicemia.) 

13. Bacterium pestis. Lehm. and Neum. 

14. Bacterium acidi lactici. Hiippe. (Lactic acid bacillus.) 

15. Bacterium pneumoniae. Friedlander. 

16. Bacterium typhi. Eberth, Gaffky. (Typhoid bacillus.) 

17. Bacterium typhi. Eberth, Gaffky. 

18. Bacterium coli. (Escherich.) Lehm. and Neum. 

19. Bacterium coli. (Escherich.) Lehm. and Neum. 

20. Bacterium latericium. Adametz. 

Bacterium haemorrhagicum. (Kolb.) Lehm. and Neum. 
(Morb. Werlhofii.) 

21. Bacterium prodigiosum. (Ehrenberg.) Lehm. and Neum. 

5 



13564 



b INDEX OF PLATES. 

PLATE. 

22. Bacterium kiliense. (Breunig and Fischer.) Lehm. and Neum. 
^ 23. Bacterium violaceum. (J. Schroter.) Lehm. and Neum. 
* 2A. Bacterium pyocyaneum. (Fliigge.) Lehm. and Neum. (Green 

pus.) 
^ 25. Bacterium fluorescens. (Fliigge.) Lehm. and Neum. (Bacil- 
lus fluorescens liquefaciens, Fliigge.) 

26. Bacterium putidum. (Flugge.) Lehm. and Neum. 

27. Bacterium syncyaneum. (Ehrenberg.) Lehm. and Neum. 

(Bacillus cyanogenes Fliigge. Blue milk.) 

28. Bacterium syncyaneum. (Ehrenberg.) Lehm. and Neum. 

29. Bacterium Zopfii. Kurth. 

30. Bacterium Zopfii. Kurth. 

31. Bacterium vulgare. (Hauser.) Lehm. and Neum. (Proteus 

vulgaris Hauser.) 

32. Bacterium vulgare ft mirabilis. (Hauser.) Lehm. and Neum. 

33. Bacterium erysipelatos suum. (Loffler.) Migula. (Hog ery- 

sipelas.) 
Bacterium murisepticum. (Fliigge.) Migula. (Mouse septi- 
cemia.) 

34. Bacillus anthracis. F. Cohn and R. Koch. (Splenic fever.) 

35. Bacillus anthracis. F. Cohn and R. Koch. (Splenic fever.) 

36. Bacillus anthracis. F. Cohn and R. Koch. (Splenic fever.) 

37. Bacillus mycoides. Fliigge. (Root-bacillus.) 

38. Bacillus mycoides. Fliigge. 

Bacillus butyricus. Huppe. (Butyric acid bacillus.) 

Bacillus vulgatus. (Flugge.) Migula. 
-^ 39. Bacillus subtilis. F. Cohn. (Hay-bacillus.) 
. 40. Bacillus subtilis. F. Cohn. 
— 41. Bacillus megatherium. De Bary. 

42. Bacillus vulgatus. (Fliigge.) Migula. (B. mesentericus vul- 

gatus Flugge.) Potato bacillus. 

43. Bacillus mesentericus. (Fliigge.) Lehm. and Neum. (B. mes- 

entericus fuscus Fliigge.) 
\ 44. Bacillus tetani. Nicolaier. (Tetanus bacillus, lock-jaw.) 

45. Bacillus Chauvcei. Mace. (Symptomatic anthrax, black-leg.) 

46. Bacillus oedematis maligni. Koch. 

47. Vibrio cholera?. (Koch.) Buchner. (Comma bacillus.) 

48. Vibrio cholerae. (Koch.) Buchner. 

49. Vibrio cholerae. (Koch.) Buchner. 

50. Vibrio cholerae. (Koch.) Buchner. 

51. Vibrio cholerae. (Koch.) Buchner. 
Vibrio Metschnikovii. Gamaleia. 

'52. Vibrio Proteus. Buchner. (Vibrio Finkler.) 

53. Vibrio danubicus. Heider. 
Vibrio berolinensis. Rubner. 
Vibrio aquatilis. Giinther. 

54. Vibrio albensis. Lehm. and Neum. (Phosphorescent Elbe 

Vibrio.) 

55. Spirillum rubrum. v. Esmarch. 



INDEX OF PLATES. i 

PLATE. 

Spirillum concentricum. Kitasato. 

56. Spirillum serpens. (E. O. Miiller.) Zettnow. 
Spirilla from nasal mucus. 

Spirillum undula. Ehrenberg. 

Spirillum spermatozoides. Loffler. 

Spirochsete of oral mucus. 

Spirillum Obermeieri. F. Cphn. (Spirilla of recurrent fever.) 

57. Corynebacterium mallei. (Loffler.) Lehm. and Neum. (Glan- 

ders bacillus.) 

58. Corynebacterium diphtheriae. (Loffler.) Lehm. and Neum. 

(Diphtheria bacillus.) 
Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum. (Hoffmann-Wellen- 

hof.) Lehm. and Neum. (Pseudodiphtheria bacillus.) 
Corynebacterium xerosis. (Kuschbert, Neisser.) Lehm. and 

Neum. (Xerosis bacillus.) 

59. Corynebacterium diphtherise. L. and N. 
Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum. L. and N. 
Corynebacterium xerosis. L. and N. 

60. Corynebacterium diphtheriae. L. and N. 
Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum. L. and N. 
Corynebacterium xerosis. L. and N. 

61. Mycobacterium tuberculosis. (Koch.) L. and N. (Tubercle 

bacillus.) 

62. Mycobacterium leprae. (Arm. Hansen.) L. and N. (Lepra 

bacillus.) 
Mycobacterium tuberculosis y piscicola. L. and N, 

63. Mycobacterium lacticola /3 perrugosum. L. and N. 
Mycobacterium phlei. Lehm. and Neum, 

64. Mycobacterium lacticola a planum. L. and N. 

65. Actinomyces bovis. Harz. (Actinomycosis.) 

66. Actinomyces farcinicus. (Nocard.) Gasperini. (Fracin du 

bceuf.) 

67. Actinomyces chromogenes. Gasperini. (Cladothrix dichotoma 

Autorum non Cohn.) 

68. Bacterium tussis convulsivae. (Czaplewski and Hensel.) 

(Whooping-cough.) 
Bacterium ulceris cancrosi. (Ducrey, Kruse.) L. and N. 

(Ulcus moUe.) 
Streptococcus meningitidis cerebrospinalis (Weichselbaum). 

Lehm. and Neum. 
Bacterium influenzae. (R. Pfeiffer.) L. and N. (Influenza 

bacillus.) 
Bacillus gangraenae pulpae, Arkovy. 

69. Leptothrix epidermidis. Biz. 



Tab. 1. 




IX. X 

Lith. Anst E Reicfdioid: Mimchen , 



PLATE I. 
Streptococcus pyogenes. Rosenbach. 

I. Agar streak culture, ten days at 37°. 
II. Gelatin stab culture, six days at 22°. So vigorous 
a growth does not often occur. 

III. Agar stab culture, six days at 37°. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, six days at 37°. Surface growth. 
V. Gelatin plate, six days at 22°. 

VI. Gelatin plate, six days at 22°. X 70. Somewhat 
abnormal form with irregular borders. The larger colonies 
are superficial; the smaller, deep. 

VII. Gelatin plate, six days at 22°. X 70. Common 
form. The upper, superficial; the lower, deep. 

VIII. Agar plate, eight days at 37°. X 50. Larger colony 
superficial ; smaller colonies, deep. 

IX. Microscopic preparation from a two days' bouillon 
culture at 37°. X 700. The individual cocci are usually 
more regularly round. 

X. Microscopic preparation from a two days' agar 
culture. Shorter chains. X 1000. 

XI. Microscopic preparation, designated Streptococcus 
conglomeratus. Smear preparation from the blood of the 
spleen from a case of scarlatina. Copied from Kurth 
(Kaiserl. Gesundheitsamt., Bd. vii, cfr. xv, 6 and 8). 

XII. Chains of streptococci, before and during division. 
Highly magnified. 






^.** 



XII. 



PLATE 2. 

Streptococcus lanceolatus. Gamaleia. (Diplococcus 
pneumoniae A. Frankel.) (Pneumococcus.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, ten days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, four days at 37°. 

III. Agar stab culture, four days at 37°. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, four days at 37°. Surface 
growth. 

V. Agar plate, three days at 37°. Natural size. 
VI. Agar plate, three days at 37°. X 50. Superficial 
colony. The darker colony lies near the surface. 

VII. Agar plate, three days at 37°. X 50. Deep col- 
onies. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. The upper colony 
is superficial; the lower ones, deep. 

IX. Smear preparation from pneumonic sputum. 
X 1000. 

X. Pure culture from a three days' old agar plate. 
X 1000. 

XL Microscopic preparations: (a) Diplococci as single 
pairs and in chains. Highly magnified. (6) Diplococci 
surrounded by gelatinous capsules. 

I 

XL 



Tab. 2. 




I :tU A„^t A' Daij-l,hn1H lUiinrhttn 



Tab. 3. 





I 


^^M 




1 ■ 

■ ■ ' 




n 




iy.-.-«^x.. 



PLATE 3. 

Sarcina flava. De Bary, emended by Lehm. and Stu- 
benrath. 

I. Gelatin stab culture, ten days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, six days at 22°. 

III. Agar stab culture, six days at 22°; stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, six days at 22°; surface growth. 
V. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. Natural size. 

VI. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony. 

VII. Agar plate, six days at 22°. Natural size. 
VIII. Agar plate, six days at 22°. X 60. Upper colony 
is superficial, lower ones are deep. 

IX. Potato culture, ten days at 22°. 
X. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from an 
agar plate. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin and differenti- 
ated with acetic acid. 

XI. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture in bouillon; 
unstained. X 1000. 

XII. Sarcince forming bales of packets. (Single packets 
regularly grouped together.) 

XIII. Sarcince in bunches of packets. (Single or irregular 
packets, grouped together irregularly.) 

m 




XII. XIII. 



PLATE 4. 

Sarcina aurantiaca. Fliigge. 

I. Gelatin stab culture, six days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, five days at 22°. The color is 
not so red in all cases; usually light orange. This is also 
true of the agar stab and potato cultures. 

III. Agar stab culture, six days at 22°. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, six days at 22°. Surface 
growth. 

V. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. Natural size. The 
gray zone about the colonies indicates a depression. 

VI. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 60. A colony 
in the early stage. The gray ring represents a zone where 
it is sinking in. 
• VII. Agar plate, five days at 22°. Natural size. 

VIII. Agar plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Upper 
colony, superficial; lower colonies, deep. The superficial 
colonies usually become opaque toward the center. 
IX. Potato culture, eight days old. 
X. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from agar. 
X 1000. Stained with fuchsin, differentiated with acetic 
acid. 

XL Microscopic preparation. Pure culture in bouillon. 
X 1000. Unstained, partly schematic. 



Tab 4. 




Tab. 5. 




i 



viu 



PLATE 5. 

Various Sarcinae. 

I. Sarcina cervina Stubenrath. Agar streak cul- 
ture, fifteen days at 22°, isolated from gastric contents. 

II. Sarcina pulmonum Virchow. Agar streak cul- 
ture, fifteen days at 37°. 

III. Sarcina erythromyxa Krai. Agar streak cul- 
ture, thirty days at 22°, isolated from beer. 

IV. Sarcina lutea Fliigge. Agar streak culture, 
ten days at 22°, isolated from stomach. 

V. Sarcina aurantiaca Fliigge. Agar streak cul- 
ture, ten days at 22°, isolated from yeast. 

VI. Sarcina rosea Schroter, emended by Zimmer- 
mann. Agar streak culture, twenty-five days at 22°, 
isolated from light beer. 

VII. Micrococcus radius Lehm. and Neum. Agar 
streak culture, fifteen days at 22°, isolated from air. 

VIII. Sarcina canescens Stubenrath. Agar streak 
culture, twenty days at 22°, isolated from the stomach. 



PLATE 6. 

Micrococcus luteus. Ferd. Cohn, emended by Lehm. 

and Neum. 

I. Gelatin stab, six days at 22°. 

II. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. X 50. To the 
left, superficial ; to the right, a deep colony. 

III. Microscopic preparation. X 1000. From a two- 
days'-old agar plate. Often the micrococci are grouped in 
tetrads. 

IV. Agar plate, five days at 22°. Natural size. The 
colonies are sometimes more yellow. 

V. Potato culture, six days at 22°. Sometimes it has 
a dull luster. 



Sarcina pulmonum. Yirchow. Hauser. 
(Pulmonary Sarcina.) 

VI. Gelatin stab, twenty days at 22°. The stab is in 
reality more gray. 

VII. Agar streak, twenty days at 22°. 
VIII. Gelatin plate, twenty days at 22°. To the left, a 
superficial; to the right, a deep colony. 
IX. Potato culture, twenty days at 22°. 
X. Stained flagella. Highly magnified. 




Tab. 6. 







Tab. 7. 




PLATE 7. 
Micrococcus tetragenus. Koch. Gaffky. 

I. Agar streak culture, five days at 37°. 
11. Gelatin stab culture, ten days at 22°. Stab canal. 
Characteristic nail-head form. 

III. Gelatin stab culture, ten days at 22° ; surface growth. 
In the reproduction the color has turned out brown, but 
should be white. 

IV. Agar stab culture, six days at 37°. Surface growth. 
V. Agar stab culture, six days at 37°. The growth 

along the stab is not always so luxuriant. 

VI. Agar plate, five days at 37°. Natural size. 
VII. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. The colonies are 
naturally pure white. Natural size. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. X 60. The 
larger colony is superficial ; the smaller, deep. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. From a two-days'-old 
agar culture. X 800. There are not always found 
tetrads alone, often also single cocci. 

X. Potato culture, seven days at 37°. 
XI. Microscopic picture. Tetrads before, during, and 
after division; highly magnified. 



XI. 



PLATE 8. 

Micrococcus pyogenes a aureus. (Rosenbach.) Lehm. 

and Neum. 

(Staphylococcus aureus Ros.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, six days at 22°. 

II. Agar streak culture, five days at 22°. 

III. Agar stab culture, five days at 22°, Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, five days at 22° ; surface growth. 
V. Agar plate culture, six days at 22°, natural size. 

Superficial and deep colonies. 

VI. Agar plate, six days at 22°. X 60. Small super- 
ficial colony. 

VII. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°, natural size. 
Superficial and deep colonies. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Super- 
ficial and deep colonies. 

IX. Potato culture, six days at 22°. 
X. Microscopic preparation. X 1000. From an agar 
culture, two days old, at 22°. 

XI. Microscopic preparation. Single cocci, before, 
during, and after division. X 1500. 






XI. 



Tab. 8. 




Tab. 9. 




PLATE 9. 

Micrococcus pyogenes y albus. (Rosenbach.) L. and N. 
(Staphylococcus albus Rosenbach.) 

I. Agar streak culture, four days at 22°. 
11. Gelatin stab culture, five days at 22°. 

Micrococcus pyogenes /5 citreus. (Rosenbach.) L. and N. 
(Staphylococcus citreus Rosenbach.) 

III. Agar streak culture, six days at 22°. 

Micrococcus candicans. Fliigge. 

IV. Gelatin stab culture, six days at 22°. 
V. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. 

VI. Gelatin plate, six days at 22°. X 50. To the 
left a superficial, to the right a deep colony. 
VII. Potato culture, ten days at 22°. 
VIII. Microscopic preparation from a two-days'-old cul- 
ture on agar. X 700. 



PLATE lo. 
Micrococcus gonorrhoeae. Neisser. Bumm. 

I. Agar streak culture, ascites-glycerin-agar, three 
days at 37°. 

II. Agar plate, forty-eight hours at 37°. X 60. 
Superficial colonies. The agar was poured out, and blood 
from the finger-tip smeared upon it, and upon this was 
placed the gonorrheal pus. The reddish places are blood. 
The colonies of the gonococcus grow principally at the 
periphery of the blood smear. 

III. Serum-agar plate. The upper colony three days, 
the lower twenty-four hours, at 37°. X 60. Superficial 
colonies. One c.c. of human serum was added to the agar. 

IV. Serum-agar plate. The same colonies after eight 
days. 

V. Ascites-glycerin-agar plate, forty-eight hours at 
37°. X 60. Superficial colonies of a pure culture from 
blennorrhea! pus. To 5 c.c. of a 2% agar, containing 5% 
of glycerin, 1.5 c.c. of human ascites-fluid were added. 

VI. Ascites-glycerin-agar plate, forty-eight hours, at 
37°. X 60. Superficial colonies. After pouring out the 
agar, blennorrhea! pus was smeared upon it. The darker 
septa are pus (pushed together by the growing colonies); 
also the material at the periphery of the colonies. 

VII. Smear preparation from gonorrheal pus. X 1000. 
Stained with methylene-blue. 

VIII. Smear preparation from hlennorrheal pus. X 1000. 
Stained with methylene-blue. A pus cell in which lie the 
micrococci, almost always in fours in capsules. The prep- 
aration contains a great many micrococci thus situated. 
IX. Smear preparation from hlennorrheal pus. X 1000. 
Stained with methylene-blue and eosin. 

X. Micrococci, highly magnified, schematic. 

X, 



Tab. 10. 




Tab. 11. 




PLATE II. 

Micrococcus roseus. (Bumm.) Lehm. and Neum. 

(Diplococcus roseus Bumm.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, twenty days at room tem- 
perature. 

II. Agar streak culture, thirty days at room tempera- 
ture. The white reflex on the right side is not always so 
marked. 

III. Agar stab culture, ten days at 22°. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, ten days at 22°. Surface growth. 
V. Agar plate, twelve days at 22°. X 50. Above, a 

superficial; below, a deep colony. 

VI. Agar plate, fourteen days at 22°. X 50. More 
delicate structure. Above, a superficial; below, deep 
colonies. 

VII. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. X 50. Super- 
ficial and deep colonies. 

IX. Potato culture. A culture of the Diploc. roseus, 
grown upon a culture of anthrax ; ten days at room tem- 
perature. 

X. Potato culture, twenty days at room temperature. 
XIII. Microscopic preparation, from three-days'-old agar 
culture. X 1000. The cocci are undergoing division. 



PLATE 12. 
Bacterium septicaemiaB haemorrhagicaB. Hiippe. 

(Chicken Cholera, Rabbit Septicemia, etc.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, seven days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, seven days at 22°. 

III. Agar plate, five days at 22°. Natural size. 

IV. Agar plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony. Compare also Plate 14, vi; Plate 17, vi; Plate 18, 

VII. 

V. Agar plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Deep 
colonies. 

VI. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. Natural size. 
VII. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 90. Deep 
colonies. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 90. Superficial 
colony. Compare also Plate 14, viii; Plate 17, i; Plate 
16, viii; Plate 19, iii, iv, vii. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. X 1000. Pure culture 
from agar plate; 

X. Single bacteria. Highly magnified. Schematic. 



Tab. 12. 




Tab. 13. 




1 . 


li. 


ff 


■'^, 


\ 




h 





•• 



i^ 



VI 1 




J.Hh. AnM. t'. KeLchhvld . Mtuuheu. 



PLATE 13. 
Bacterium pestis. Lehm. and Neum. 

I. Streak culture (ascites-glycerin-agar), three days at 
37°. 

II. Streak culture (agar), forty-eight hours at 37°. 
(After a culture of Dr. Dieudonne, preserved with formalin.) 
The streak was made with the juice direct from a bubo. 
The transparent, dewdrop-like growth is characteristic. 

III. Stab culture (gelatin), six days at 22°. The growth 
consists of minute, waxy, markedly elevated colonies, 
which become confluent; also the same upon the gelatin 
plate (v, b) . 

IV. Plate culture (gelatin), six days at 22°. X 60. (a) 
Deep colony; (6) superficial colony. 

V. Plate culture: (a) Glycerin-agar, three days at 37°. 
Natural size. Superficial colonies, (b) Gelatin, six days 
at 22°, Natural size. Superficial colonies. Compare 
what is said under Fig. III. 

VI. Plate culture (agar), forty-eight hours at 37°. 
X 60. Superficial colonies. They correspond to the dew- 
drop-like colony in the agar streak culture (11). (a) 
Younger, (b) older colonies. 

VII. Plate cultures, forty-eight hours at 37°. X 60. 

(a) Ordinary agar ~\ 

(b) Glycerin-agar y Superficial colonies. 

(c) Ascites-glycerin-agar ) 

{d) Ascites-glycerin-agar, deep colony. 
The crumbly character of cultures after being cultivated 
in contrast to very fresh cultures is to be noted (compare 

VI). 

VIII. Microscopic preparation, three days at 37° on glyc- 
erin-agar. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. Involution 
forms. 

IX. Microscopic preparation: Smear from the juice of a 
bubo. X 1000. Stained with methylene-blue. (From a 
preparation of Dr. Dieudonne.) 

X. Microscopic preparation : (a) Ordinary agar, 
twenty-four hours at 37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 
(b) Ordinary bouillon, twenty-four hours at 37°. X 1000. 
Stained with fuchsin. 



PLATE 14. 
Bacterium acidi lactici. Hiippe. (Lactic Acid Bacillus.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, five days at 22°. The stab 
canal in nature is somewhat whiter. 

II. Agar streak culture, five days at 22°. 

III. Agar stab culture, three days at 22°. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, three days at 22°. Surface 
growth. 

V. Agar plate, three days at 22°. Natural size. 
VI. Agar plate, three days at 22°. X 50. Upper colony 
superficial, lower colonies deep. Compare also Plate 18, 

VII. 

VII. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. Natural size. 
VIII. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. X 50. Upper colony 
superficial, lower colonies deep. The superficial colonies 
may vary very much. Compare also Plate 16, viii, ix; 
Plate 17, I, 11; Plate 19, iv, vii. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from an 
agar colony. X 800. 

X. Potato culture, six days at 22°. The air-bubbles on 
the surface often cover it completely. 



Tab. 14. 




IX. 







^ 


' "" '"""■"' e 





1 




Tab. 15. 




PLATE 15. 

Bacterium pneumoniae. Friedliinder. (Friedlander's 

Pneumonia Bacillus.) 

I. Agar streak culture, four days at 22°. 
II. Gelatin stab culture, ten days at 22°. 
III. Agar stab culture, four days at 22°. Stab canal. 
IV. Agar stab culture, four days at 22°. Surface growth. 
V. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. Natural size. 
VI. Agar plate, two days at 22°. X 60. The brown 
whetstone-shaped colony is deep. 

VII. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. X 50. Upper, 
superficial ; lower, deep colony. 

VIII. Agar plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. The 
delicate gray colonies are deep; also the smallest colonies. 
One colony in the reproduction has turned out yellowish. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from an 
agar plate. X 800. Stained with fuehsin. 

X. Microscopic preparation. Smear preparation from 
sputum. X 800. Stained with fuehsin. 
XI. Potato culture, six days. 



PLATE i6. 
Bacterium typhi. Eberth. Gaif ky. (Typhoid Bacilli 

I. Agar stab culture, three days at 22°. Stab canal. 

II. Agar stab culture, three days at 22°. Surface 
growth. 

III. Gelatin stab culture, eight days at 22°. Stab canal. 

IV. Gelatin stab culture, eight days at 22°. Surface 
growth. 

V. Agar streak culture, four days at 22°. Compare 
also Plate 18, in. 

VI. Gelatin streak culture, three days at 22°. Compare 
also Plate 18, ii. 

VII. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. Deep colony. 
Compare also Plate 14, viii ; Plate 19, v. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. Superficial 
colony. Compare also Plate 14, viii; Plate 19, in. 

IX. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. Superficial colony. 
Compare also Plate 19, iv, vii.- 



Tab. 16. 




iith.. .ifistf KeicJthold. Mii/irhen . 



Tab. 




PLATE 17. 
Bacterium typhi. Eberth. Gaif ky. (Typhoid Bacillus.) 

I. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. X 90. Superficial 
colony. Compare also Plate 19, vi, vii. 

II. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. X 150. Superfi- 
cial colony. 

III. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. 

IV. Agar plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. 

V. Agar plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Deep colo- 
nies. 

VI. Agar plate, four days at 20°. X 60. Superficial 
colony. 

VII. Potato culture, five days at 22°. 
VIII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from agar 
plate. X 1000. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. Bacilli with flagella. 
Copied after Frankel and Pf eiffer. ' ' Atlas der Bakterien- 
kunde, " Plate 54, iii. 

X. Microscopic preparation. Long threads thickly 
beset with flagella. X 1500. Stained by Loffler's method. 

XI. Microscopic preparation of Bacterium typhi murium 
Loffler, with flagella and capsule. X 1500. Stained by 
Loffler's method. 





X. XI. 



PLATE i8. 
Bacterium coli (Eschericli). L. and N. 

I. Gelatin stab culture, ten days at 22°. 
II. Gelatin streak culture, four days at 22°. In nature 
is transparent, resembling mother-of-pearl in iridescence. 
Compare also Plate 16, vi. 

III. Agar streak culture, four days at 22°. Compare 
also Plate 16, v. 

IV. Agar stab culture, two days at 22°. Stab canal. 

V. Agar stab culture, two daj^s at 22°. Surface 
growth. 

VI. Agar plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Deep colo- 
nies. Compare also Plate 14, vi. 

VII. Agar plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Part of a 
superficial colony. May also occasionally present forms 
like the bacillus acidi lactici. Compare Plate 12, iv; Plate 
14, VI ; Plate 17, vi. 
VIII. Agar plate, three days at 22°. Natural size. 
IX. Potato culture, five days at 22°. May also be 
paler or more deeply colored. 

X. Bacteria with long flagella of Bacterium brassicw 
acidce. X 1000. Stained according to Loffler. 

XI. Bacterium of pigeon diphtheria surrounded by fla- 
gella. X 1000. Stained according to Loffler. 

XII. Bacteria with one flagellum, rarely two flagella, of 
Bad. coli /5 unipolaris. X 1000. Stained according to 
Loffler. 





XI. XII. 



Tab. 18. 





Lith,. Arisl F. Reic/Lhold. Miinrhen . 




///A ine/ f Oai^hh^l^ IJ.i^^h^^ 



PLATE 19. 
Bacterium coli (Escherich). L. and N. 

I. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. X 60. Cultivated 
from pus. Deep colonies of abnormal form. 

11. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. 

III. Gelatin plate, one day at 22°. X 90. Superficial 
colony. Compare also Plate 14, viii ; Plate 16, viii. 

IV. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony. Compare also Plate 16, ix; Plate 17, i, 11. 

V. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Deep colo- 
nies. 

VI. Gelatin plate, ten days at 22°. X 90. Superficial 
colony. 

VII. Gelatin plate, ten days at 22°. X 90. Superficial 
colony. 

VIII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from agar 
plate. X 500. 

IX. Different varieties of coli bacteria. X 1000. Vari- 
able sizes. 

IX. 



PLATE 20. 
Bacterium latericium. Adametz. 

I. Agar sireak culture, seven days at 22°. 
II. Gelatin stab culture, fourteen days at 22°. 

III. Gelatin plate, seven days at 22°. X 60. To the 
right deep, to the left superficial colonies. 

IV. Potato culture, thirty days at 22°. Natural size. 

V. Agar plate, seven days at 22°. X 60. To the right 
a superficial, to the left a deep colony. 

VI. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture on agar, 
twenty-four hours old. X about 800. 

Bacterium haemorrhagicum (Kolb). L. and N. 
(Morbus Werlhofii.) 

VII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from bouil- 
lon, three days old. (Copied after Kolb, A. G., Bd. vii, 
Plate II, Figs. 1 and 2.) 

VIII. Smear preparation from the liver of a dog. (Copied 
after Kolb, /. c, Bd. vii, Plate iii. Fig. 8.) 



Tab. 20. 






LUfi.ArLst F. ReidOwUl . Miiiuhcn . 



Tab. 21 





PLATE 21. 
Bacterium prodigiosum (Ehrenb.). Lehm. and Neum. 

I. Gelatin stab culture, one day at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, four days at 22°. 

III. Agar stab culture, four days at 22°. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, four days at 22°. Surface growth. 
V. Agar plate, from two to four days at 22°. Natural 

size. Colonies with and without color. 

VI. Agar plate, eight days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony reddish, deep one yellowish. 

VII . Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony just beginning to sink in. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. Natural size. 
IX. Potato culture, eight days at 22°. Typical with 
metallic luster on the surface. 

X. Potato culture, eight days at 22°. Atypical white 
growth. 

XI. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from agar. 
X 800. Stained with fuchsin. 

XII. Bacteria with several flagella, X 1000. Stained 
according to Loffler. 




XII. 



PLATE 22. 

Bacterium kiliense (Breunig and Fischer). L. and N. 

(Kiel Water Bacillus.) 

I. Agar streak culture, four days at 22°. 
II. Gelatin stab culture, four days at 22°. No forma- 
tion of pigment. 

III. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. Natural size. 
Colonies with and without production of pigment. 

IV. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony. 

V. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Deep 
colony. 

VI. Agar plate, five days at 22°. Natural size. Col- 
ored and uncolored, superficial and deep colonies. 

VII. Agar plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Colorless 
colonies. To the right, superficial ; to the left, deep. 

VIII. Agar plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Colored colo- 
nies. To the right, superficial ; to the left, deep. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from agar 
plate. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 
X. Potato culture, five days at 22°. 
XI. Bacteria with several flagella. X 1000. Stained 
according to Loffler. 



F 



XI. 



/" 



Tab. 22. 




/////. Ans! h'. RpifhtioUl Mdncheti. 



Tab. 23. 




PLATE 23. 
Bacterium violaceum (J. Schroter). Lehm. and Neura. 

I. Gelatin stab culture, ten days at ordinary temper- 
ature. 

II. Agar streak culture, six days at ordinary temper- 
ature. The white borders after a longer time become like- 
wise violet. 

III. Agar stab culture, seven days at ordinary temper- 
ature. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, seven days at ordinary temper- 
ature. Surface growth. 

V. Agar plate culture, four days at ordinary temper- 
ature. X 60. Superficial and deep colonies. Within the 
former is to be seen the original deeply located colony. 

VI. Agar plate culture, eight days at ordinary temper- 
ature. Natural size. The colonies often also become dark 
violet. 

VII. Gelatin plate culture. Natural size. Six days at 
ordinary temperature. The blue zones are not always so 
intensely colored. 

VIII. Gelatin plate culture, six days at ordinary temper- 
ature. X 60. The smaller colony lies near the surface, 
the larger is on the surface. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. X 700. From a five- 
days'-old agar culture. 

X. Potato culture, six days at ordinary temperature. 
XI. Bacteria unth flagella. X 1000. Stained accord- 
ing to Loffler. 

XII. Bacteria with flagella. X 1000. From a culture 
from Sweden. 

XI. XII. 



PLATE 24. 

Bacterium pyocyaneum (Fliigge). Lehm. and Neum. 

(Green Pus.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, three days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, two days at 37°. 

III. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. X 60. Colonies 
located deeply and just below the surface, in young and 
older stages. 

IV. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Part of a 
superficial colony. 

V. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. Natural size. 
VI. Agar plate, two days at 37°. Natural size. 
VII. Agar plate, two days at 37°. X 60. Above, 
superficial; below, deep colonies. 

VIII. Potato culture, three days at 37°. Natural size. 
IX. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from agar 
plate. X 800. 

,X. Bacteria with one, more rarely two polar flagella. 
X 1000. Stained according to Loffler. 



A 



Tab. 24. 




Tab. 25. 




vni. 

Lith. Anst.E Rekhhold, Miirichen 



PLATE 25. 

Bacterium fluorescens. Lehm. and Neum. (Bacillus 

fluorescens liquefaciens. Fliigge.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, two days at 22°. 

II. Gelatin stab culture, eight days at 22°. 

III. Agar streak culture, three days at 22°. 

IV. Agar stab culture, four days at 22°. 

V. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. X 90. Part of a 
superficial colony. 

VI. Agar plate, twenty-four hours at 22°. X 60. (e) 
Superficial, (i) deep colonies. 

VII. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. Natural size. 
VIII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from agar 
plate. X 800. 

IX. Potato culture, four days at 22°. Natural size. 
Compare also Plate 18, ix ; Plate 26, v. 

X. Bacteria with flagella, usually one, more rarely two 
or more. X 1000. Stained according to Loffier. 



^-^ 



X 



X. 



PLATE 26. 

Bacterium putidum (Fliigge). Lelim. and Neum. Bac- 
terium fluorescens putidum Fliigge. (Bacterium 
fluorescens non-liquefaciens Autor.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, three days at 22°. 
II. Gelatin plate, twenty-four hours at 22°. X 90. 
Superficial colony. Compare Plate 14, viii; Plate 19, iii. 

III. Gelatin plate, twenty-four hours at 22°. X 90. 
Deep colony. 

IV. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. Ap- 
pearance of colonies upon a dark background. 

V. Potato culture, four days at 22°. Natural size. 
Compare also Plate 18, ix. 

VI. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from gela- 
tin plate. X 800. Upon agar, threads are usually pro- 
duced. 

VII. Agar plate, eight days at 22°. Natural size. Ap- 
pearance of the colonies upon a white background. 

VIII. Agar plate, three days at 22°. X 60. (e) Super- 
ficial, (i) deep colonies. 

IX. Bacteria with one, more rarely two flagella. X 
1000. Stained according to Loffler. 



^y 



DC. 



J- nMj . ^\j , 




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Tab. 27. 




LUh. Armt /•. Heic/Uwld, Munchen . 



PLATE 27. 

Bacterium syncyaneum (Ehrenb.). Lehm. and Neum. 

(Bac. cyanogenes Fliigge ; Blue Milk.) 

I-III. Gelatin stab cultures, from six to ten days at 22°. 
There occur still other shades of color. 

IV. Agar stab culture, ten days at 37°. 
V. Bouillon culture, four days at 37°. 
VI. Milk culture, three days at 37°. Inoculated upon 
unsterilized milk. 

VII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from agar 
plate. X 800. 

VIII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture. Flagella 
staining with Loffler's mordant. X 800. 

IX. Bacteria with flagella, one or more at one pole. 
X 1000. Stained according to Loffler. 



K 



IX. 



PLATE 28. 

Bacterium syncyaneum (Ehrenb.). Lehm. and Neum. 

(Bac. cyaDogenes Fliigge ; Blue Milk.) 

I-III. Potato cultures, from three to ten days at 22°. 
Many varieties of potato inoculated with the same culture. 
The differences in colors may be still more numerous. 
IV. Agar plate, three days at 22°. Natural size. 
V. Agar plate, three days at 22°. X 60. To the right, 
deep; to the left, superficial colonies. 

VI. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. Natural size. 
VII. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. Natural size. 
Appearance of colonies upon a white background. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. X 60. Above, 
superficial; below, deep colonies. 



laD. zo. 





\ 




VI. 






# 


e 




'.t . 




i 



vm. 



Tab. 29 




Utli.Ansi f-: RewMold , Mnnrhen. 



PLATE 29. 

Bacterium Zopfii. Kurth. 

I. Gelatin stab culture, six days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, thirty-six hours at 37°. It is 
actually a grayish color and transparent. 

III. Agar stab culture, six days at 22°. Stab. 

IV. Agar stab culture, six days at 22°. Surface growth. 
V. Gelatin plate, seven days at 22°. Natural size. 

VI. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. Natural 
size. 

VII. Gelatin plate, twenty-four hours at 22°. X 90. 
Thread-like portion of the deep colony. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, twenty-four hours at 22°. X 60. 
Superficial colony. Compare Plate 31, vii; Plate 32, viii. 



PLATE 30. 
Bacterium Zopfii. Kurth. 

I. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. X 90. Periph- 
eral portion of a colony. 

II. Microscopic preparation. X 1000. Pure culture, 
from agar plate, stained with fuchsin. 

III. Agar plate, four days at 22°. Deep colony. 

IV. Agar plate, twenty-four hours at 37°. Natural 
size. 

V. Agar plate, twelve hours at 37°. Deep and super- 
ficial colony. 

VI. Agar plate, twenty-four hours at 37°. X 60. Su- 
perficial colony, surrounded by innumerable bacteria 
swarming outward. 

VII. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. Sausage-shaped 
forms of the deep colony. 

IX. Bacteria with numerous flagella. X 1000. Stained 
according to Lofiler. 




IX. 



Tab. 30. 







. . ■ '■^'•- ■ 






W 






^ 


«" 


e: 


,4- 






Lith. ArLSt /■•' Reichludd, Munrhen . 



Tab 31. 




PLATE 31. 
Bacterium vulgare (Hauser). Lehm. and Neum. (Pro- 
teus vulgaris Hauser.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, twenty-four hours at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, thirty-six hours at 22°. 

III. Agar plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. Natural size. 

IV. Agar plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Above, super- 
ficial ; below, deep colonies. 

V. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. Natural 
size. 

VI. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. X 60. To 
the right, superficial ; to the left, deep colonies. The lower, 
approaching the surface, begins to liquefy. 

VII. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. X 60. Deep 
colony. Zooglea form, similar to the Bact. Zopfii. 

VIII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture upon agar. 
X 800. Stained with fuchsin. 

IX. Bacteria with very numerous flagella. X 1000. 




IX. 



PLATE 32. 

Bacterium vulgare p mirabilis (Hauser). L. and N. 
(Proteus mirabilis Hauser.) 

I. Agar stah culture, two days at 22°. Stab canal. 
II. Agar stab culture, two days at 22°. Surface growth. 

III. Gelatin stab culture, six days at 22°. 

IV. Agar streak culture, two days at 22°. 

V. Agar plate, seven days at 22°. Natural size. 
VI. Agar plate, seven days at 22°. X 60. Above, su- 
perficial; below, deep colony. 

VII. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. X 60. Deep colo- 
nies. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony. 

IX. Potato culture, eight days at 22°. Natural size. 
X. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture on agar two 
days old. X 800. 








LUIi. Anst.I-: Reichhold. Miinchen . 



PLATE 34. 

Bacillus anthracis. F. Cohn and E. Koch. 

(Splenic Fever.) 

I-V. Gelatin stab cultures, three days at 22°. Figures i 
and II are typical; the others, atypical. 

VI. Agar streak culture, two days at 22°. 
VII. Agar stab culture, five days at 22°. Stab canal. 
VIII. Agar stab culture, five days at 22°. Surface growth, 
which is atypical. 

IX. Agar stab culture, five days at 22°. Surface growth 
typical ; often also is homogeneous whitish-gray. 



Tab. 34. 





LUh. Anst F. FMChhutd. Mimdieji . 



Tab. 35. 




Lith.Anst E Reichhold . Afiinrhen. 



PLATE 35. 

Bacillus anthracis. F. Cohn and R. Koch. 

(Splenic Fever.) 

I. Agar plate, four days at 22°. X 60. To the left, a 
superficial colony ; to the right, a colony directly below the 
surface ; below, a deep colony. 

II. Agar plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. 

III. Agar plate, thirty-six hours at 37°. X 150. Sur- 
face growth. Peripheral part of a streak culture. 

IV. Agar plate, thirty-six hours at 37°. X 150. Deep 
colony. 

V. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. Natural size. 
VI. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. X 60. Super- 
ficial colony at the time of sinking in. 

VII. Potato culture, six days at 22°. Natural size. 



PLATE 36. 

Bacillus anthracis. F. Cohn and R. Koch. 

(Splenic Fever.) 

I. Smear preparation from the blood of the spleen of a 
nrnise. X 1000. 

II. Contact preparation of an agar plate culture, one day 
at 22°. X 1000. 

III. Unstained preparation in hanging drop from a bouil- 
lon culture, thirty-six hours at 37°. X 1000. Spores begin 
already to escape. 

IV. Anthrax threads from agar, thirty-six hours at 37°. 
X 1000. Stained with Ziehl's solution; spores red, bacilh 
blue. 

V. Involution forms. Five-weeks'-old agar stab cul- 
ture, stained with fuchsin. X 1000. 

VI. Unstained preparation in hanging drop from a bouil- 
lon culture, eight hours at 37°. X 1000. Beginning of 
spore-formation. 



Tab. 36. 









Llth. Anst /.' Rfuhhnhl Vlfinriwn . 



Tab. 37. 




PLATE 37. 
Bacillus mycoides. Fliigge. (Root Bacillus.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, four days at 22°. 
II. Gelatin stab culture, fourteen days at 22°. 

III. Agar streak culture, two days at 22°. 

IV. Agar stab culture, eight days at 22°. Stab canal. 
V. Agar stab culture, eight days at 22°. Surface 

growth. 

VI. (reZa^m pZa^e, one day at 22°. Natural size. 
VII. Agar plate, one day at 22°. Natural size. 
VIII. Agar plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. 
IX. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. The 
colony is at the point of sinking in. 



PLATE 38. 
Bacillus mycoides. Fliigge. (Root Bacillus.) 

I. Agar plate, one day at 22°. X 20. Superficial and 
deep colony. 

II. Potato culture, seven days at 22°. Natural size. 

III. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture, twenty- 
four hours old, on agar. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 
A few bacilli contain spores. 

IV. Agar plate, one day at 22°. X 100. Part of a 
superficial colony. 

Bacillus butyricus. Hiippe. (Butyric Acid Bacillus.) 

V. Potato culture, three days at 22°. 
VI. Gelatin plate, one day at 22°. X 60. Above, su- 
perficial ; below, deep colonies. 

VII. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. X 60. 
Part of a superficial colony. 
VII A. Flagella preparation. X 1000. Stained accord- 
ing to Loffler. 




VII A. 

Bacillus vulgatus. Migula. (B. mesentericus vulgatus 
Fliigge. Potato Bacillus.) 

VIII. Potato culture, five days at 22°. 
IX. Potato culture, five days at 22°. Natural size. 
Both forms of growth occur. 



Tab. 38. 



ZIP 

1. 

^ K *« J 



1\'. 



□nn 



VII 





\'iii . 



L\, 



Tab. 39. 





A 


h'-'<f 




■ V;. jj 


1^. -,'>-'^. -i:^.- 








#> 


.^> 






iV- .' 


' -?^- 






''>^ 





vu 



PLATE 39. 

Bacillus subtilis (Ehrenberg). F. Cohn. 

(Hay Bacillus.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, thirty-six hours at 22°. 

II. Gelatin stab culture, eight days at 22°. 

III. Agar streak culture, two days at 37°. 

IV. Agar stab culture, two days at 37°. Stab canal. 

V. Agar stab culture, two days at 37°. Surface growth. 
VI. Agar plate, twelve hours at 37°. X 60. Super- 
ficial colony. 

VII. Agar plate, twelve hours at 37°. X 60. Deep 
colony. 
VIII. Agar plate, twelve hours at 37°. Natural size. 



PLATE 40. 

Bacillus subtilis (Ehrenberg). F. Cohn. 

(Hay Bacillus.) 

I. Potato culture, seven days at 22°. 
II. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. X 60. Above and 
to the left, a deep colony ; below this, one lying directly at 
the surface ; to the right, a superficial colony. 

III. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. Natural size. 

IV. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. X 10. 

V. Microscopic preparation. X 1000. From an agar 
culture three hours old at 37°, stained with fuchsin. 

VI. Microscopic preparation. Bacilli with flagella, 
after Fischer. Very highly magnified. 

VII. Microscopic preparation. X 1000. From an agar 
culture, ten days at 22°. Contains spores! Unstained. 

VIII. Microscopic preparation. X 700. From an agar 
culture, ten days at 22°. Double stain with carbol-fuchsin 
and methylene-blue. 

IX. Bacilli with numerous flagella. X 1000. Stained 
according to Loffler. 




IX. 



Tab. 40. 





VIII. 
Lit/i. Anst F. ReiditwLd. Miinchen . 



Tab. 41 




1. 


11. 




< 


\i:. 




■f 




Vlll 




THE PROPERTY OF 

rinEiann Ififl'TK^llRffe of tk Paf 



PLATE 41. 
Bacillus megatherium. De Bary. 

I. Gelatin stab culture, twenty-four hours at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, three days at 22°. 

III. Gelatin 'plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. Natural 
size. 

IV. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. X 60. 
Deep colony. 

V. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. X 60. Su- 
perficial colony. 

VI. Agar plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. 
VII. Agar plate, one day at 22°. X 60. To the right, 
superficial ; to the left, deep colonies. 

VIII. Agar plate, four days at 22°. X 60. To the right, 
deep ; to the left, superficial colonies. 

IX. Potato culture, five days at 22°. Natural size. 
X. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture on agar. 
X800. 

XL Bacilli with numerous flagella. X 1000. Stained 
according to Loffler. 




PLATE 42. 

Bacillus vulgatus. Migula. (B. mesentericus vufgatus 

Fliigge. Potato Bacillus.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, ten days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, ten days at 22°. 

III. Agar stab culture, six days at 22°. Surface growth. 

IV. Agar plate, six days at 22°. Natural size. 

V. Agar plate, six days at 22°. X 60. Deep colonies. 
VI. Agar plate, six days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony. 

VII. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. Natural size. 
VIII. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. X 60. Part of a 
superficial colony. 

IX. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. X 150. Part of a 
superficial colony. 

X. Potato culture, five days at 22°. Natural size. 
XI. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from agar, 
one day old. X 800. Stained with fuchsin. 

XII. Bacilli with numerous flagella. X 1000. Stained 
according to Loflier. 




XII. 



JL.lArK'. -lU. 




Tab. 43. 




PLATE 43. 

Bacillus mesentericus. Lehm. and Neum. (B. mesen- 

tericus fuscus Fliigge.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, two days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, three days at 22°. 

III. Potato culture, one day at 22°. Natural size. 

IV. Potato culture, five days at 22°. Natural size. 
V. Agar plate, two days at 22°. Natural size. 

VI. Agar stab culture, four days at 22°. Surface 
growth. 

VII. Agar plate, two days at 22°. X 60. Above, super- 
ficial ; below, deep colonies. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. X 60. 
Deep colonies. 

IX. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. X 60. Su- 
perficial colony. 

X. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. Natural size. 
XI. Gelatin plate, one day at 22°. X 60. To the right, 
deep ; to the left, superficial colonies. 

XII. Microscopic preparation. X 800. From a pure 
culture on agar two days old. Stained with fuchsin. 
Some bacilli contain spores. 

XIII. Bacilli with numerous flagella. X 1000. Stained 
by Lofiier's method. 



1 
XIII 



Bacillus tetani. 



PLATE 44. 
Nicolaier. (Tetanus Bacillus.) 



I. Sugar-agar stab culture, three days at 37°. 
II. Su^ar-gelatin stab culture, six days at 22°. 

III. Sugar-gelatin plate, four days at 22°. Grown 
without air. 

IV. Sugar-gelatin plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Nat- 
ural size. Superficial and deep colonies. Grown without air. 

V. Sugar-agar plate, four days at 37°. Natural size. 
Grown without air. 

VI. Sugar-agar plate, four days at 37°. X 60. Super- 
ficial and deep colonies. Grown without air. 

VII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture on sugar- 
agar, three days at 37°. X 1000. Bacilli with spores. 
Double staining according to Ziehl. 

VIII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture on sugar- 
agar, two days at 37°. X 1000. Some bacilli contain 
spores. Stained with fuchsin. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture on sugar- 
agar, twenty-four hours at 37°. X 1000. Extremely long 
threads with faintly stained intervals. 

X. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture on sugar- 
agar, six days at 37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 
Long threads and chains of spores with faintly stained inter- 
vals. 

XI. Microscopic preparation. Flagella staining. 
Highly magnified. 




XI. 



Tab. 44. 





:iv;,> 


"V 


\:J| 


Bi^ 




*- Jc^^H 


Hfv^'''' 




■ ' ^'''flBHI 


Bp" " 




^.Y^%1^ 


^. -. 








ji 




LUh: Anst /.' heidawld, Mimclien . 



Tab. 45. 







VI. 




- 


-m 




M 


^L 


m 


^S^ 


I 


^^*-' 



Vlll 



PLATE 45. 
Bacillus Chauvcei. Mac6. (Symptomatic Anthrax.) 

I. Sugar-gelatin stab culture, six days at 22°. 
II. Sugar-agar stab culture, three days at 37°. 

III. Sugar-agar stab culture, three weeks at 37°. 

IV. Sugar-agar plate, four days at 37°. Natural size. 
Grown as anaerobe. 

V. Sugar-agar plate, four days at 37°. X 60. Super- 
ficial and deep colony. Grown as anaerobe. 

VI. Sugar-gelatin plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. 
Grown as anaerobe. 

VII. Sugar-gelatin plate, four days at 22°. X 60. 
Deep colony, grown as anaerobe. 

VIII. Sugar-gelatin plate, two days at 22°. X 150. 
Part of a superficial colony. Grown as anaerobe. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture on sugar- 
agar, three days at 37°. X 1000. Bacilli with spores and 
free spores. Stained with fuchsin. 



PLATE 46. 
Bacillus cedematis maligni. Koch. (Malignant Edema.) 

I. Sugar-agar stab culture, eight days at 37°. 
II. Microscopic preparation. Tuft of flagella. X about 
1500. Copied from G. Novy (" Zeitschrift f. Hygiene, " Bd. 
XVII, Taf. 1,2). 

III. Microscopic preparation. Bacilli with flagella. 
Pure culture on agar, twenty-four hours old. X 1000. 
Stained according to Loffler. 

IV. Su^ar-agar plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Part of 
a superficial colony. 

V. Sugar agar plate, six days at 22°. Natural size. 

VI. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture on agar, 
two days old at 37°. Bacilli with spores. X 1000. 
Stained with fuchsin. 

VII. Microscopic preparation. Tissue-juice from 
guinea-pig. Smear preparation. Copied after Frankel and 
Pfeiffer (Mikrophotogr. Atlas, Taf. xxiii, 46). 



Tab. 46. 




LUh. Anst t: ReichhoM. Miinchen . 



Tab. 47. 




PLATE 47. 

Vibrio cholerae. (Koch.) Buchner. (Comma Bacillus.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, two days at 22°. 
II. Gelatin stab culture, seven days at 22°. 

III. Gelatin stab culture, eight days at 22°. Culture 
from a case of cholera asiatica in Hanover. 

IV. Gelatin stab culture, eight days at 22°. 
V. Agar streak culture, eleven days at 22°. 

VI. Agar stab culture, eight days at 22°. Stab canal. 
VII. Agar stab culture, eight days at 22°. Surface 
growth. 

VIII. Agar plate, six days at 22°. Natural size. 
IX. Agar plate, six days at 22°. Culture from a case of 
cholera asiatica in Hanover. 



PLATE 48. 

Vibrio cholerae. (Koch.) Buchner. (Comma Bacillus.) 

I. Agar plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. X 60. To 
the left superficial, to the right deep colonies. 

II. Agar plate, two days at 22°. X 60. To the left 
superficial, to the right deep colonies. 

III. Agar plate, three days at 22°. X 60. To the left 
superficial, to the right deep colonies. 

IV. Agar plate, three weeks at 22°. X 60. To the 
left superficial, to the right deep colonies. 

V. Agar plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Colonies of a 
culture of cholera asiatica from Hanover. Superficial and 
deep colonies. 

VI. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. 
Deeply sunken funnels of liquefaction. 

VII. Gelatin plate, fourteen days at 22°. Natural size. 
Colony with a pronounced formation of zones. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. Shallow zones of 
liquefaction. 

IX. Gelatin plate, six days at 22°. Superficial sinking 
in of colonies with concentric zones of liquefaction. 



Tab. 48. 









JL» 





/.It. ji,...t /.' D^,y./.h^/^ tJ.;.,^i- 



Tab. 49. 




m 




II. 





pD 



M\ 



n 




WW 



L\. 



PLATE 49. 
Vibrio choleras. (Koch.) Buchner. (Comma Bacillus.) 

I. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. X 60. 
Deep and superficial colonies. 

II. Gelatin plate, forty-eight hours at 22°. X 60. To 
the. left superficial, to the right deep colonies. 

III. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. X 60. Superfi- 
cial colonies with zone of Hquef action. 

IV. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. X 60. Deep 
colonies. 

V. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony with zone of liquefaction. 

VI. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Deep 
colony. 

VII. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Deep 
colony from a culture of cholera from Hanover. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Superfi- 
cial colony. Complete liquefaction has already taken place. 
IX. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. X 60. Superfi- 
cial colony with zone of liquefaction. 



PLATE 50. 

Vibrio cholerae. (Koch.) Buchner. (Comma Bacillus.) 

I. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Abnormal 
form of superficial colony. 

II. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 90. Abnormal 
form of superficial colony. 

III. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. X 60. Deeply 
sunken superficial colony with a strongly reflecting zone of 
liquefaction. 

IV. Gelatin plate, six days at 22°. X 60. Abnormal 
superficial colony, with dense nucleus, evenly sunken in and 
with a zone of liquefaction. 

V. Gelatin plate, six days at 22°. X 60. Abnormal 
deep colony, without halo, dark, with radiating striations, 
from the same plate as iv. 

VI. Potato culture, two days at 22°. Natural size. 
Soaked in soda solution before inoculation. 

VII. Potato culture, five days at 22°. Inoculated upon 
ordinary potato. 



Tab. 50. 




Tab. 51. 









^11 



PLATE 51. 

Vibrio cholerae. (Koch.) Buchner. (Comma Bacillus.) 

I. Pure culture in bouillon, twenty-four hours at 37°. 
Stained with fuchsin. X 1000. 

IT. Pure culture on agar, twenty-four hours. X 1000. 
Flagella staining according to Loffler. 

III. Pure culture on gelatin, forty-eight hours. Very 
fresh from water. (Copied from Frankel and Pfeiffer, 
Fig. 94.) 

IV. Pure culture on agar, four weeks' old. Involution 
forms, stained with fuchsin. 

V. Vibrio Metschnikovii Gamaleia. Smear prepa- 
ration from pigeon^s blood. (Copied after Frankel and 
Pfeiffer, Fig. 102.) 

VI. Vibrio Proteus Buchner. Pure culture in bouil- 
lon, twenty-four hours. Stained with fuchsin. 



PLATE 52. 

Vibrio proteus. Buchner. (Vibrio Finkler.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, one day at 22°. 

II. Gelatin stab culture, four days at 22°. 

III. Gelatin plate, one day at 22°. Natural size. 

IV. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony. 

V. Gelatin pMe, four days at 22°. X 60. Deep 
colony. 

VI. Agar streak culture, six days at 22°. 
VII. Agar plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
colony. 

VIII. Agar plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Deep colony. 
IX. Agar plate, four days at 22°. Natural size. 



Tab. 52. 




Tab. 53. 











y\\\ 







'C^>^ 



PLATE 53. 

Vibrio danubicus Heider, Vibrio berolinensis Rubner, 
Vibrio aquatilis Giinther. 

I. Vibrio danubicus: Gelatin stab culture, three days 
at 22°. 

II. Vibrio aquatilis: Gelatin stab culture, three days at 
22°. 

III. Vibrio danubicus: Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. 
X 60. To the right superficial, to the left deep colony. 

IV. Vibrio danubicus: Microscopic preparation. Pure 
culture on agar, twenty-four hours. Stained with fuchsin. 
X 800. 

V. Vibrio berolinensis: Gelatin plate, three days at 
22°. X 60. To the right superficial, to the left deep colony. 

VI. Vibrio berolinensis: Microscopic preparation. 
Pure culture from agar, twenty-four hours. X 800. 
Stained with fuchsin. 

VII. Vibrio aquatilis: Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. 
X 60. Deep colonies, swarming outward from one point 
forming secondary ones. 

VIII. Vibrio aquatilis: Microscopic preparation. Pure 
culture on agar, twenty-four hours at 22°. X 800. Stained 
with fuchsin. 

IX. Vibrio aquatilis: Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. 
X 60. To the right superficial, to the left deep colony. 



PLATE 54. 

Vibrio albensis. Lehm. and Neum. (Phosphorescent 
Elbe Vibrio.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, twenty-four hours at 22°. 
II. Gelatin stab culture, four days at 22°. 

III. Gelatin stab culture, ten days at 22°. 

IV. Indol reaction after ten days. Bouillon culture 
with dilute sulphuric acid, warmed. 

V. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. X 60. Super- 
ficial colony. 

VI. Gelatin plate, three days at 22°. X 60. Deep 
colonies. 

VII. Gelatin plate, thirty-six hours at 22°. Natural 
size. 

VIII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from agar, 
forty-eight hours. Stained with fuchsin. 



Tab. 54. 




Lith. Anst. F Reictdwld, Miindien . 



Tab. 55. 





1 V 




I.Hh. An<it F. Rpifhhald MiindieJi. 



PLATE 55. 

Spirillum rubrum. Yon Esmarch. 

I. Agar stab culture, ten days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, twenty days at 22°. 

III. Agar plate, five days at 22°. X 60. (e) Super- 
ficial, (i) deep colonies. 

IV. Gelatin plate, seven days at 22°. X 60. (e) Su- 
perficial, (i) deep colonies. 

V. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture from bouil- 
lon, diluted ten times; two days at 37°. X 1000. Stained 
with fuchsin. 

V A. Flagella preparation of spirillum rubrum. X 1000. 
Stained according to Loffier. 



^A 



V A. 



Spirillum concentricum. Kitasato. 

VI. Agar plate, seven days at 22°. X 60. (e) Super- 
ficial, (i) deep colonies. 

VII. (?eZa^mpZa^e, three days at 22°. X 60. (e) Super- 
ficial, (i) deep colonies. 

VIII. Agar plate, seven days at 22°. Natural size. 
IX. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture in bouillon, 
two days at 37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 



PLATE 56. 
Spirilla. 

I. Spirillum serpens Miiller. With difficulty stain- 
ing protoplasmic border. X about 1000. Stained with 
fuchsin. Copied after Zettnow (C. B. x, Taf. 5). 

II. Spirilla from Nasal Mucus. Smear preparation 
with two cells. X about 1000. Copied after Weibel (C. B. 
II, p. 468, Fig. 1). 

III. Spirilla from Nasal Mucus. Agar plate. Pure 
culture. X about 1000. (Copied C. B. 11, p. 468, Fig. 2.) 

IV. Spirilla from Nasal Mucus. Gelatin plate. 
Pure culture. X about 1000. (Copied C. B. 11, p. 468, 
Fig. 3.) 

V. Spirillum undula Miiller. With flagella. X 
about 800. Copied after Loffler (C. B. vi, Taf. i. Fig. 2) . 

VI. Vibrio spermatozoides L5ffler. X about 1000. 
Copied after Loffler (C. B. vii, Taf. iii. Fig. 7). 

VII. Spirochaete from Mucus of the Mouth. 
(Copied after Loffler: Bakterien, Taf. i. Fig. 4.) 

VIII. Spirochaete Obermeieri Cohn. Smear prepara- 
tion from human blood. (Copied after Frankel and Pfeif- 
fer. Atlas, No. 134.) 

IX. Spirilla of relapsing fever. Human blood. Spi- 
rilla grouped in the form of a star. (Copied after M.J. Sou- 
dakewitsch: Annales de Tinstit. Pasteur, Bd. v, 1891, p. 
514, plate 14, Fig. 1.) 



Tab 56. 



^ C . 



u^ 



' . ^ 




'2 
5/p 







LUh. AnstF Reichhold, Miimhen. 



Tab 57. 




PLATE 57. 

Corynebacterium mallei. (Loffler.) L. and N. 

(Glanders.) 

I. Gelatin stab culture, six days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, six days at 37°. The central 
whitish streak is not always so pronounced. 

III. Agar stab culture, three days at 37°. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, three days at 37°. Surface 
growth. 

V. Gelatin plate, five days at 22°. Natural size. 
VI. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture. X 800. 
Stained with fuchsin. 

VII. Agar plate, two days at 22°. X 60. Upper, super- 
ficial; lower, deep colonies. 

VIII. Gelatin plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Upper 
colony superficial, lower ones deep. 
IX. Potato culture, two days at 37°. 
X. Potato culture, twenty days at 37°. 
XI. Single bacteria. Highly magnified. In many 
places the stain is taken poorly or not at all. 

XI. 

XII. Glycerin-agar plate. Microscopic preparation. 
X 1200. Branching and formation of clubs. 




XII. 



PLATE 58. 

Corynebacterium diphtheriae. (Klebs, Loffler.) L. 

and N. 

Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum. (Hofraann- 
Wellenhof.) Lehm. and Neum. 

Corynebacterium xerosis. (Kuschbert, Neisser.) 
Lehm. and Neum. 

I. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Glycerin-agar streak culture, three 
days at 37°. Luxuriant growth ; culture moist. 

11. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Glycerin-agar streak culture, three 
days at 37°. Delicate growth. 

III. Coryneb. pseudodiphtherit. Glycerin-agar streak culture, 
three days at 37°. Luxuriant growth, culture moist. 

IV. Coryneb. xerosis. Glycerin-agar streak culture, three days 
at 37°. Delicate growth ; growth dry and dull. 

V. Coryneb. pseudodiphtherit. Glycerin-agar stab culture. 
Surface growth, ten days at 37°. The culture is reproduced on 
account of its atypical brown color. 

VI. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Gelatin stab culture. Surface 
growth, ten days at 22°. The color fluctuates from white to dirty 
yellowish. 

VII. Coryneb. diphtheriae : 

r (a) Glycerin-agar plate. Colonies upon the surface, three 

days at 37°. Luxuriant growth. The same culture 

Natural ! as I. 

size. j (b) Glycerin-agar plate. Colonies upon the surface, three 

days at 37°. Delicate growth. The same culture as 

VIII a. Coryneb. pseudodiphtherit. Glycerin-agar plate. C'olo- 
nies lying upon the surface, three days at 37°. Natural size. 
Luxuriant growth. Answers to culture III. 

VIII b. Coryneb. xerosis, Glycerin-agar plate. Colonies lying 
upon the surface, three days at 37°. Natural size. Dry, dull 
growth. Answers to culture IV. 

VIII c. Coryneb. xerosis. Glycerin-agar plate. Colonies lying 
upon the surface, three days at 37°. Natural size. Delicate growth. 
Sometimes it may be still more delicate. 

IX. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Potato culture, ten days at 22°. 
The growth is typical, like a delicate veil, which in many places 
leaves no trace on the potato. 

X. Coryneb. pseudodiphtherit. Potato culture, ten days at 
22°. The growth is sharply outlined, white to dirty yellowish, 



Tab. 58. 




Tab. 59. 




• 1 


'1 













A'l. 




^^^ 


li 






^V 


'ySS^- 




P 


(7 




mr^ 








B^^^^^HIH 



vn, 



Mil 



PLATE 59. 

Corynebacterium diphtheriae. (Klebs, Loffler.) 
L. and N. 

Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum. (Hofmann- 

Wellenhof.) Lehm. and Neum. 

Corynebacterium xerosis. (Kuschbert, Neisser.) 

Lehm. and Neum. 

I. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Plate cultures (Ascites- 
fluid-agar and glycerin-agar), X 60. Superficial colo- 
nies, twenty-four hours at 37°. Cultures of different origin. 
II. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Plate culture (glycerin- 
agar). X 60. Superficial colonies, forty-eight hours at 
37°. The same culture as I, g, h. 

III. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Plate culture (ascites- 
fluid-agar). X 60. Superficial colony, five days at 37°. 
The same culture as I, c, e, and Plate 58, 11. 

IV. Coryneb. pseudodiphtherit. Plate culture (gly- 
cerin-agar). X 60. Superficial colonies, forty-eight hours 
at 37°. The same culture as Plate 58, in. 

V. Coryneb. xerosis. Plate culture (glycerin-agar). 
X 60. Superficial colony, forty-eight hours, at 37°. Dry, 
dull, and very opaque. The same culture as Plate 58, iv, 
VIII h. 

VT. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Plate culture (ascites- 
fluid-agar). X 60. Superficial colonies, forty-eight hours 
at 37°. The same culture as I, /, I, and Plate 58, i, vii a. 

VII. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Plate culture. The same 
as VI, but ten days old. 

VIII. Coryneb. xerosis. Plate culture (glycerin-agar). 
X 60. Superficial colonies, forty-eight hours at 37°. The 
same culture as Plate 58, viii c. 



PLATE 60. 

Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Klebs, Loffler). L. and IS*.' 

Corynebacterium pseudodiphtheriticum. (Hofmann- 
AVellenbof.) Lehm. and Neum. 

Corynebacterium xerosis (Kuschbert, Neisser). Lehm. 
and Neum. 

I. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Glycerin-agar , forty-eight hours 
at 37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. Corresponds to Plate 58, 
II, VII b; and Plate 59, 11. 

II. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Glycerin-agar, fortv-eight hours at 
37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. Corresponds to Plate 58, i, 

VII a; and Plate 59, vi. 

III. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Ghjcerin-agar, forty-eight hours at 
37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 

IV. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Glycerin-agar, fortv-eight hours at 
37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 

V. Coryneb. pseudodiphtherit. Glycerin-agar, forty-eight 
hours at 37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 

VI. Coryneb. pseudodiphtherit. Glycerin-agar, forty-eight 
hours at 37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. Corresponds to 
Plate 58, iii, viii a; Plate 59, i, iv. 

VII. Coryneb. xerosis. Glycerin-agar, forty-eight hours at 
37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. Corresponds to Plate 58, iv, 

VIII b; and Plate 59, v. 

VIII. Coryneb. xerosis. Glycerin-agar, forty-eight hours at 
37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 

IX. Coryneb. xerosis. Glycerin-agar, forty-eight hours at 37°. 
X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. Corresponds to Plate 58, viii c. 

X. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Bovine blood-sernm, solidified at 
100°, eighteen hours at 35°. X 1000. Staining of Neisser's gran- 
ules. The polar staining is characteristic. Corresponds to figure i. 
XI. Coryneb. pseudodiphtherit. Bovine blood-serum, solidified 
at 100°, eighteen hours at 35°. X 1000. Staining of :^{eisse^'s 
granules. These occur also in many varieties of pseudodiphtheria, 
but not with such regularity at both poles. 

XII. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Glycerin-agar, four days at 37°. 
X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. True branching. 

XIII. Coryneb. diphtheriae. Single organisms, highly magnified, 
schematic. 




XIII. 



rao. Du. 



^- 



-^^ 



V, 



X 



».*• 



.# 






Tab. 61 









",.** 





PLATE 6i. 

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Koch), Lehm. and 
Neum. (Tubercle Bacillus.) 

I. Glycerin-agar streak culture, fourteen days at 37°. 
II. Glycerin-agar streak culture, forty days at 37°. 

III. Potato culture, forty days at 37°. 

IV. Colonies of tubercle bacilli from a blood-serum cul- 
ture. X 700. (Copied after R. Koch, Aetiologie der Tuber- 
kulose. Mitteilungen des Kaiserl. Gesundheitsamt, Bd. 2, 
Taf. IX, 44.) 

V. Culture, upon blood-serum, from a piece of a freshly 
extirpated scrofulous gland. (Copied like the above, Bd. 2, 
Taf. IX, 44.) 

VI. Giant cell with radially arranged bacilli. From a 
caseous bronchial gland in a case of mihary tuberculosis. 
(Copied like above, Bd. 2, Taf. ii, 9.) 

VII. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture, stained 
according to Ziehl. X 1000. 

VIII. Branching of tubercle bacilli. (Copied after Hayo 
Bruns, C. B. xvii. No. 23.) 

IX. Microscopic preparation. Sputum, stained accord- 
ing to Ziehl. X 1000. 

X. Single bacteria, highly magnified. 



X. 



PLATE 62. 

Mycobacterium leprae. (Arm. Hansen.) Lehm. and 

Neum. 

I. Giant cell from a leprous ulcer of the epiglottis. X 
about 1000. Stained according to Rusell. (Copied from 
Seifert and Kahn, Atlas der Histopathologic der Nase, 1875, 
Taf . 38, Fig. 75 b.) 

II. Transverse section of a hlood-vessel in a leprous tes- 
ticle. Bacilli in endothelium and in a white blood-corpus- 
cle. Stained by Gram's method, Bismarck brown, eosin, 
oil of bergamot. X about 1000. (Copied as No. iii, fig. v.) 

III. Ulnar nerve, longitudinal section, stained like above. 
(Copied from Lie, pathologische Anatomie der Lepra; 
Archiv fiir Dermatologie und SyphiHs, Bd. xxix, 1895, Taf. 
VI, Fig. VII.) 

IV. Smear preparation from nasal mucus. Stained by 
method for tubercle bacillus. From a preparation of Dr. 
Dieudonne. X 1000. 

Mycobacterium tuberculosis y piscicola. L. and N. 

V. Streak culture (glycerin-agar), one month old at 22°. 
VI. Plate culture (glycerin-agar), ten days at 22°. 
Natural size. Superficial colonies. 

VII. Plate culture (glycerin-agar), six days at 22°. X 
60. Superficial colony. The dark shadows and bright 
lights represent the strong reflection of the cartilaginous 
colony. 

VIII. Potato culture, fourteen days at 22°. Sometimes 
also more homogeneous upon the surface. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. Stained by the method 
for the tubercle bacillus. X 1000. 



Tab 62. 















Zi^. Arist K Rpiddwld. Afuru-hen. 



Tab 63. 




PLATE 63. 

Mycobacterium lacticola ^ perrugosum. L. and N. 

I. Streak culture (glycerin-agar), two months old; 
three days at 37°, then at 22°. Much elevated and wrinkled. 
II. Plate culture (glycerin-agar), six days at 37°. X 
60. Superficial colony. 

III. Plate culture (glycerin-agar), forty-eight hours at 
37°. X 60. Superficial colony. 

IV. Plate culture (glycerin-agar), three days at 37°. 
Natural size. Superficial colonies. Later the same were 
larger, more wrinkled, and reddish. 

V. Potato culture, six days at 22°. Later the same 
became still more wrinkled. 

VI. Microscopic preparation. Glycerin-agar: (a) Three 
days at 37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. (b) Two 
months at 22°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 

VII. Microscopic preparation. Smear from the perito- 
neal fluid of a guinea-pig, inoculated with butter. X 1000. 
Stained with tubercle bacillus stain. (From a preparation 
of Dr. Dieudonne.) 



Mycobacterium phlei. Lehm. and Neum. 

VIII. Streak culture (glycerin-agar), eight days at 22°. 
The culture at first is pale orange ; later, it becomes darker 
and wrinkled. 

IX. Plate culture (glycerin-agar), three days at 22°. 
X 60. Superficial colony. 

X. Plate culture (glycerin-agar), eight days at 22°. 
X 60. Superficial colony. 

XI. Plate culture (glycerin-agar), eight days at 22°. 
Natural size. Superficial colonies. 

XII. Microscopic preparation. Glycerin-agar : (a) Three 
days at 37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. (b) Two 
months at 22°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 



PLATE 64. 
Mycobacterium lacticola a planum. L. and N. 

I. Streak culture (ordinary agar), two months at 22°. 
II. Streak culture (glycerin-agar), six days at 37°. 

III. Streak culture (glycerin-agar), three months at 22°. 
The culture at first is whitish; later, it becomes very in- 
tensely orange-red. 

IV. Streak culture (gelatin), six days at 22°. 

V. Potato culture, six days at 22°. Its appearance 
varies widely. Sometimes it is lighter, sometimes darker, 
sometimes moister, sometimes drier, sometimes smooth, 
sometimes wrinkled. 

VI. Plate culture (gelatin), six days at 22°. X 60. (a) 
Superficial colony, resembling the colon ; (b) deep colony. 

VII. Plate culture (gelatin), six days at 22°. Natural 
size. 

VIII. Plate culture (glycerin-agar), three days at 37°. 
X 60. Superficial colony. 

IX. Plate culture (glycerin-agar), three days at 37°. 
Natural size. 

X. Microscopic preparation. Glycerin-agar, three 
days. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. The size of the 
rods scarcely varies in very old cultures. There as here are 
found small and large, slender and thick rods. 



Tab. 64. 




LUh. Anst. f"^ Reichhold. Miindten. 



Tab. 65. 




mmmmMmmmmmmm 





vw 



IX, 



PLATE 65. 

Actinomyces bovis. Harz. 

I. Agar streak culture, six days at 37°. 
II. Agar streak culture, thirty days at 37°. 

III. Gelatin stab culture, fourteen days at 22°. 

IV. Gelatin plate, six days at 22°. Natural size. 
V. Agar plate, six days at 37°. Natural size. 

VI. Agar plate, six days at 37°. X 60. Superficial and 
deep colony. 

VII. Gelatin plate, six days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
and deep colony. 

VIII. Potato culture, ten days at 37°. Natural size. 
IX. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture in bouillon, 
three days at 37°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 



PLATE 66. 

Actinomyces farcinicus. (Nocard.) Gasperini. 

(Farcin du boeuf.) 

I. Agar streak culture, eight days at 22°. 
II. Gelatin stab culture, twelve days at 22°. 

III. Agar siah culture, eight days at 22°. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, eight days at 22°. Surface 
growth. 

V. Oelatin plate, ten days at 22°. Natural size. 
VI. Gelatin plate, ten days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
and deep colonies which are similar. 

VII. Agar plate, six days at 22°. Natural size. 
VIII. Agar plate, eight days at 22°. Upper colony super- 
ficial, lower ones deep. 

IX. Potato culture, seven days at 22°. Natural size. 
X. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture in bouillon, 
two days. X 800. Stained with f uchsin. 



Tab. 66. 




Ltth.An.tt F Hfiirhhnlil U,in^h. 



Tab. 67 








Vll 






f.ifh^ An.tt H RpirhhnlH THiinrht 



I 



PLATE 67. 
Actinomyces chromogenes. Gasperini. 

I, Gelatin stab culture, six days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, six days at 22°. 

III. Agar stab culture, six days at 22°. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, six days at 22°. Surface growth. 
V. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. Natural size. 

Appearance upon white background. 

VI. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. Natural size. Ap- 
pearance upon dark background. 

VII. Gelatin plate, eight days at 22°. X 60. Part of a 
superficial colony. 

VIII. Agar plate, four days at 22°. X 60. Superficial 
and deep colony. 

IX. Potato culture, three days at 22°. Natural size. 
X. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture in bouillon, 
three days at 22°. X about 1000. Stained with f uchsin. 



PLATE 68. 

Varia. 

I. Bacterium tussis convulsivse L. and N. From 
mucus, coughed up by a child with whooping-cough. X 
1000. Ordinary fuchsin stain. 

II. Bact. ulceris cancrosi (Kruse) L. and N. Sec- 
tion of an untreated soft ulcer of twelve days' duration. 
Stained according to Unna. (Copied from Peterson, liber 
Bacillenfund bei Ulcus moUe, C. B. xiii, Tafel 4.) 

III. Streptococcus meningitidis cerebrospinalis 
(Weichselbaum). Lehm. and Neum. Smear preparation 
from meningeal exudate. Pus cells with flattened diplo- 
cocci. (Copied after Jager, Zeitschrift fiir Hygiene, Bd. 19, 
Tafel VI, Fig. 3.) X 1000. 

IV. Streptococcus meningitidis cerebrospinalis. 
Pure culture, grown from cerebrospinal fluid. X 1000. 

V. Bacterium influenzae (R. Pfeiffer) Lehm. and 
Neum. Smear preparation from nasal secretion. X 1000. 
Stained with fuchsin. 

Bacillus gangraenae pulpae. Arkovy. 

VI. Gelatin stab culture, ten days at 22°. The little 
hairs along the stab canal often become much longer. 

VII, Agar plate, three days at 37°. Natural size. Su- 
perficial colonies. 

VIII. Potato culture, ten days at 22°. The wrinkling of 
the surface suggests the culture of the mesentericus. 

IX. Microscopic preparation. X 1000. Stained with 
fuchsin. Before spore-formation. 



Tab. 68. 







%« ♦flte 



> Jit ^ •1^ 




Tab. 69 




PLATE 69. 

Leptothrix epidermidis. Biz. 

I. Gelatin stab culture, two days at 22°. 
II. Agar streak culture, two days at 22°. 

III. Agar stab culture, two days at 22°. Stab canal. 

IV. Agar stab culture, two days at 22°. Surface 
growth. 

V. Agar plate, two days at 22°. Natural size. 
VI. Agar plate, two days at 22°. X 90. Part of a su- 
perficial colony. 

VII. Agar plate, two days at 22°. X 90. Deep colony. 
VIII. Gelatin plate, two days at 22°. Natural size. 
IX. Gelatin plate, one day at 22°: (e) Superficial, (i) 
deep colony. 

X. Potato culture, three days at 22°. Natural size. 
XI. Microscopic preparation. Pure culture on agar, 
two days at 22°. X 1000. Stained with fuchsin. 

XII. Microscopic preparation. Bouillon culture in hang- 
ing drop, two days at 22°. X about 1000. 



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76 colored illustrations on 40 plates and 228 pages of text. Cloth, ^3.00 net. 

ATLAS AND EPITOME OF SKIN DISEASES. 

By Prof. Dr. Franz Mracek, of Vienna. Edited by Henry W. Stel- 
WAGON. M. D., Clinical Professor of Dermatology, Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege,- Philadelphia. With 63 colored plates, 39 half-tone illustrations, and 
200 pages of text. Cloth, ^3.50 net. 

ATLAS AND EPITOME OF SPECIAL PATHOLOGICAL HIS- 
TOLOGY. 

By DR. H. DCrck, of Munich. Edited by LUDVIG Hektoen, M. D., 
Professor of Pathology, Rush Medical College, Chicago, In Two Parts. 
Part I., including Circulatory, Respiratory, and Gastro-intestinal Tract, 
120 colored figures on 62 plates, 158 pages of text. Part II., including 
Liver, Urinary Organs, Sexual Organs, Nervous System, Skin, Muscles, 
and Bones. 123 colored figures on 60 plates, 192 pages of text. Per 
volume : Cloth, ^3.00 net. 

^' 16 



Saunders' Medical Hand= Atlases. 



VOLUMES JUST ISSUED. 

ATLAS AND EPITOME OF DISEASES CAUSED BY ACCI- 
DENTS. 

By Dr. Ed. Golebiewski, of Berlin. Edited with additions by Pearce 
Bailey, M. D., Attending Physician to the Department of Corrections and 
to the Almshouse and Incurable Hospitals, New York. With 40 colored 
plates, 143 text-illustrations, and 600 pages of text. Cloth, ^4.00 net. 

ATLAS AND EPITOME OF GYNECOLOGY. 

By Dr. O, Shaeffer, of Heidelberg. From the Second Revised German 
Edition. Edited by RICHARD C. NORRIS, A. M., M.D., Gynecologist to 
the Methodist Episcopal and the Philadelphia Hospitals ; Surgeon-in-Charge 
of Preston Retreat, Philadelphia. With 90 colored plates, 65 text-illustra- 
tions, and 308 pages of text. Cloth, ^3.50 net. 

ATLAS AND EPITOME OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM AND 
ITS DISEASES. 

By Professor Dr. Chr. Jakob, of Erlangen. From the Second Revised 
and Enlarged German Edition. Edited by EDWARD D. FiSHER, M. D., 
Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System, University and Bellevue Hos- 
pital Medical College, N. Y. With 83 plates; copious text. ^3.50 net. 

ATLAS AND EPITOME OF LABOR AND OPERATIVE OB- 
STETRICS. 

By Dr. O. Shaeffer, of Heidelberg. From the Fifth Revised and Enlarged 
German Edition. Edited by J. Clifton Edgar, M. D., Professor of Ob- 
stetrics and Clinical Midwifery, Cornell University Medical School. With 
126 colored illustrations. ^2.00 net. 

ATLAS AND EPITOME OF OBSTETRICAL DIAGNOSIS AND 
TREATMENT. 

By Dr. 6. Shaeffer, of Heidelberg. From the Second Revised and En- 
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72 colored plates, numerous text-illustrations, and copious text. ^^3.00 net. 

ATLAS AND EPITOME OF OPHTHALMOSCOPY AND OPH- 
THALMOSCOPIC DIAGNOSIS. 

By Dr. O. Haab, of Zurich. From the Third Revised and Enlarged Ger- 
man Edition. Edited by G. E. DE SCHWEINITZ, M. D., Professor of Oph- 
thalmology, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. With 152 colored 
figures and 82 pages of text. Cloth, ^3.00 net. 

ATLAS AND EPITOME OF BACTERIOLOGY. 

Including a Hand-Book of Special Bacteriologic Diagnosis. By PROF. Dr. 
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ADDITIONAL VOLUMES IN PREPARATION. 
17 



Nothnagel's Encyclopedia 

OF 

PRACTICAL MEDICINE. 

Edited by ALFRED STENGEL, M.D., 

Professor of Clinical Medicine in the University of Pennsylvania; Visiting 
Physician to the Pennsylvania Hospital. 

IT is universally acknowledged that the Germans lead the world in Internal Medicine ; 
and of all the German works on this subject, Nothnagel's " Special Pathology and 
Therapeutics" is conceded by scholars to be without question the best System of 
Medicine in existence. So necessary is this book in the study of Internal Medicine 
that it comes largely to this country in the original German. In view of these facts, 
Messrs. W. B. Saunders & Company have arranged with the publishers to issue at once 
an authorized edition of this great encyclopedia of medicine in English. 

For the present a set of some ten or twelve volumes, representing the most practical 
part of this encyclopedia, and selected with especial thought of the needs of the practical 
physician, will be published. These volumes will contain the real essence of the entire 
work, and the purchaser will therefore obtain at less than half the cost the cream of the origi- 
nal. Later the special and more strictly scientific volumes will be offered from time to time. 

The work will be translated by men possessing thorough knowledge of both English and 
German, and each volume will be edited by a prominent specialist on the subject to 
which it is devoted. It will thus be brought thoroughly up to date, and the American edition 
will be more than a mere translation of the German ; for, in addition to the matter contained 
in the original, it will represent the very latest views of the leading American special- 
ists in the various departments of Internal Medicine. The whole System will be under the 
editorial supervision of Dr. Alfred Stengel, who will select the subjects for the American 
edition, and will choose the editors of the different volumes. 

Unlike most encyclopedias, the publication of this work will not be extended over a 
number of years, but five or six volumes will be issued during the coming year, and the 
remainder of the series at the same rate. Moreover, each volume will be revised to the 
date of its publication by the American editor. This will obviate the objection that has 
heretofore existed to systems published in a number of volumes, since the subscriber will 
receive the completed work while the earlier volumes are still fresh. 

The usual method of p-blishers, when issuing a work of this kind, has been to compel 
physicians to take the entire System. This seems to us in many cases to be undesirable. 
Therefore, in purchasing this encyclopedia, physicians will be given the opportunity of 
subscribing for the entire System at one time ; but any single volume or any number of 
volumes may be obtained by those who do not desire the complete series. This latter 
method, while not so profitable to the publisher, offers to the purchaser many advan- 
tages which will be appreciated by those who do not care to subscribe for the entire work 
at one time. 

This American edition of Nothnagel's Encyclopedia will, without question, form the 
greatest System of Medicine ever produced, and the publishers feel confident that it 
will meet with general favor in the medical profession. 

i8 



NOTHNAGEL^S ENCYCLOPEDIA 

VOLUMES JUST ISSUED AND IN PRESS 



VOLUME I 

Editor, William Osier, M, D., 

F.R.CP. 

Professor of Medicine in Johns Hopkins 
University 

CONTENTS 

Typhoid Fever. By Dr. H. Curschmann, 

of Leipsic, Typhus Fever. By Dr. H. 

Curschmann, of Leipsic. 

Handsome octavo volume of about 600 pages. 

Just Issued 



VOLUME n 

Editor, Sir ]. W, Moore, B. A., M. D., 

F»R.CP,L,of Dublin 

Professor of Practice of Medicine, Royal 
College of Surgeons in Ireland 

CONTENTS 

Erysipelas and Erysipeloid. By Dr. H. 

Lenhaktz, of Hamburg. Cholera Asi- 

atica and Cholera Nostras By Dr. 

K. VON LiEBERMEiSTiiK, of TUblngen. 

Whooping Cough and Hay Fever. By 

Dr. G. Sticker, of Giessen. Varicella. 

By Dr. Th. von Jurgensen, of Tiibingen. 

Variola (including Vaccination). By 

Dr. H. Immermann, of Basle. 
Handsome octavo volume of over 700 pages. 
Just Issued 



VOLUME vn 

Editor, John H. Musser, M. D. 

Professor of Clinical Medicine, University 
of Pennsylvania 

CONTENTS 

Diseases of the Bronchi. By Dr. F. A. 
Hoffmann, of Leipsic. Diseases of the 
Hleura. By Dr. Rosenbach, of Berlin. 
Pneumonia. By Dk. E. Aufrecht, of 

Magdeburg. 



VOLUME vm 

Editor, Charles G, Stockton, M. D. 

Professor of Medicine, University of Buffalo 

CONTENTS 
Diseases of the Stomach. By Dr. F. 
Riegel, of Giessen. 



VOLUME DC 
Editor, Frederick A. Packard, M, D. 

Physician to the Pennsylvania Hospital and 
to the Children's Hospital, Philadelphia 

CONTENTS 

Diseases of the Liver. By Drs. H. 
Quincke and G. Hoppe-Seyler, of Kiel. 



VOLUME m 
Editor, William P. Northrttp, M. D, 

Professor of Pediatrics, University and 
Bellevue Medical College 

CONTENTS 

Measles. By Dr. Th. von JUrgensen, of 
Tubingen. Scarlet Fever. By the same 
author. Rotheln. By the same author. 



VOLUME X 
Editor, Reginald H, Fitz, A, M., M.D. 

Hersey Professor of the Theory and Prac- 
tice of Physic, Harvard University 

CONTENTS 

Diseases of the Pancreas. By Dr. L. 
OsER, of Vienna. Diseases of the Supra- 
renals. By Dk. E. Neussek, of Vienna. 



VOLUME VI 
Editor, Alfred Stengel, M,D. 

Professor of Clinical Medicine, University 
of Pennsyhiania 

CONTENTS 

Anemia. By Dr. P. Khrlich, of Frank- 
fort-on-the-Main, and Dr. A. Lazarus, of 
Charlottenburg. Chlorosis. By Dk. K. 
von Nookden. of Frankfort-on-the-Main. 
Diseases of the Spleen and Hemor- 
rhagic Diathesis. By Dr. M. Litten, 
of Berlin. 



VOLUMES IV, .V, and XI 
Editors announced later 

Vol. IV. — Influenza and Dengue. By Dr. 
O. Leichtenstein, of Cologne. Malarial 
Diseases. By Dr. J. Mannaberg, of 
Vienna. 

Vol. v.— Tuberculosis and Acute General 
Miliary Tuberculosis. By Dr. G. Cor- 
net, of Berlin. 

Vol. XI. — Diseases of th- Intestines and 
Peritoneum. By Dr. H. Nothnagel, 
of Vienna. 



CLASSIFIED LIST 

OF THE 

MEDICAL PUBLICATIONS 

OF 

W. B. Saunders & Company. 



ANATOMY, EMBRYOLOGY, HIS- 
TOLOGY. 

Bohm, Davidoff, and Huber— A Text- 
Book, of Histology, 4 

Clarkson— A Text-Book of Histology, . 5 
Haynes— A Manual of Anatomy, ... 7 
Heisler— A Text-Book of Embryology, . 7 

Leroy — Essentials of Histology 15 

McClellan— Anatomy in Relation to 

Art ; Regional Anatomy, 9> 10 

Nancrede— Essentials of Anatomy, . . . 15 
Nancrede — Essentials of Anatomy and 
Manual of Practical Dissection, .... 10 

BACTERIOLOGY. 

Ball — Essentials of Bacteriology, .... 15 
Frothingham— Laboratory Guide, ... 6 
Gorham — Laboratory Bacteriology, . . 6 
Lehmann and Neumann— Atlas of 

Bacteriology, 17 

Levy and Klemperer's Clinical Bacte- 
riology, 9 

Mallory and Wright— Pathological 

Technique, 9 

McFarland— Pathogenic Bacteria, ... 10 

CHARTS, DIET-LISTS, ETC. 

Griffith— Infant's Weight Chart, ... 7 

Hart — Diet in Sickness and in Health, . 7 

Keen — Operation Blank, 8 

Laine — Temperature Chart, 9 

Meigs— Feeding in Early Infancy, ... 10 

Starr— Diets for Infants and Children, . 13 

Thomas— Diet-Lists, 13 

CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS. 

Brockway— Ess. of Medical Physics, . 15 
Jelliffe and Diek man— Chemistry, . . 22 

■Wolf — Examination of Urine, 14 

Wolff— Essentials of Medical Chemistry, 15 

CHILDREN. 
An American Text-Book of Diseases 

of Children, 

Griffith— Care of the Baby, . . 
Griffith — Diseases of Children, . 
Griffith— Infant's Weight Chart, . 
Meigs — Feeding in Early Infancy 
Po>vell — Essentials of Dis. of Children, 15 
Starr — Diets for Infants and Children, . 13 

DIAGNOSIS. 

Cohen and Eshner — Essentials of Diag- 
nosis, 15 

Corwin — Physical Diagnosis, 5 

Vierordt — Medical Diagnosis, 14 

DICTIONARIES. 

The American Illustrated Medical 
Dictionary, . 3 

The American Pocket Medical Dic- 
tionary, . . 3 

Morton — Nurses' Dictionary, lo 



EYE, EAR. NOSE. AND THROAT^ 

An American Text-Book of Diseases 

of the Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat, . . i 
De Schweinitz — Diseases of the Eye, . 6 
Friedrich and Curtis — Rhinology, Lar- 
yngology, and Otology, 6 

Gleason— Essentials of the Ear, .... 15 
Gleason — Essentials of Nose and Throat, 15 
Gradle — Ear, Nose, and Throat, . . 22 
Grunwald and Grayson — Atlas of Dis- 
eases of the Larynx, 16 

Haab and de Schweinitz — Atlas of Ex- 
ternal Diseases of the Eye, 16 

Jackson — Manual of Diseases of the Eye, 8 

Jackson — Essentials Diseases of Eye, . 15 

Kyle — Diseases of the Nose and Throat, 9 

GENITO-URINARY. 

An American Text-Book of Genito- 
urinary and Skin Diseases, 2 

Hyde and Montgomery — Syphilis and 

the Venereal Diseases, 8 

Martin — Essentials of Minor Surgery, 

Bandaging, and Venereal Diseases, . . 15 

Mracek and Bangs — Atlas of Syphilis 

and the Venereal Diseases, 16 

Saundby — Renal and Urinary Diseases, 11 

Senn— Genito-Urinary Tuberculosis, . . la 

Vecki — Sexual Impotence, 14 



GYNECOLOGY. 

American Text-Book of Gynecology, 
Cragin — Essentials of Gynecology, 
Garrigues — Diseases of Women, . 
Long — Syllabus of Gynecology, . 
Penrose — Diseases of Women, . . 
Pryor — Pelvic Inflammations, . . 
Schaeffer and Norris— Atlas of Gyne- 
cology, 



HYGIENE. 
Abbott — Hygiene of Transmissible Dis- 
eases, 3 

Bergey— Principles of Hygiene, .... <; 
Pyle — Personal Hygiene, 11 



MATERIA MEDICA, PHARMA- 
COLOGY, and THERAPEUTICS. 
An American Text-Book of Applied 

Therapeutics, 1 

Butler — Text-Book of Materia Medica, 

Therapeutics, and Pharmacology, . . 4 
Morris — Ess. of M. M. and Therapeutics, 15 
Saunders' Pocket Medical Formulary, . 12 
Sayre — Essentials of Pharmacy, .... 15 
Sollmann — Text-Book of Pharmacology, 12 
Stevens — Modern Therapeutics, ... 13 
Stoney — Materia Medica for Nurses, . . 13 
Thornton— Prescription-Writing, ... 14 



20 



MEDICAL PUBLICATIONS 



21 



MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE AND 
TOXICOLOGY. 

Chapman — Medical Jurisprudence and 
Toxicology, 5 

Golebiewski and Bailey— Atlas of Dis- 
eases Caused by Accidents, 17 

Hofmannand Peterson— Atlas of Legal 
Medicine, ... 16 

NERVOUS AND MENTAL DIS- 
EASES. ETC. 

Brower — Manual of Insanity, 22 

Chapin — Compendium of Insanity, ... 5 
Church and Peterson — Nervous and 5 

Mental Diseases 5 

Jakob and Fisher— Atlas of Nervous 

System, 17 

Shaw — Essentials of Nervous Diseases 

and Insanity, 15 

NURSING. 
Davis — Obstetric and Gynecologic Nurs 



ing, 

Griffith— The Care of the Baby, . . . 
Hart— Diet in Sickness and in Health, . 
Meigs — Feeding in Early Infancy, . . 
Morten — Nurses' Dictionary, .... 
Stoney— Materia Medica for Nurses, . 
Stoney — Practical Points in Nursing, . 
Stoney — Surgical Technic for Nurses, 
Watson — Handbook for Nurses, . . . 

OBSTETRICS. 

An American Text-Book of Obstetrics. 
Ashton — Essentials of Obstetrics, 
Boisliniere- Obstetric Accidents, 
Borland- Modern Obstetrics, . 
Hirst— Text-Book of Obstetrics 
Norris— Syllabus of Obstetrics, 
Schaeffer and Edgar— Atlas of Obstet 
rical Diagnosis and Treatment, . . . 



PATHOLOGY. 

An American Text-Book of Pathology, 2 
Durck and Hektoen— Atlas of Patho- 
logic Histology, 16 

Kalteyer — Essentials of Pathology, . . 22 
Mallory and W^right— Pathological 

Technique, 9 

Senn — Pathology, and Surgical Treat- 
ment of Tumors, 12 

Stengel— Text-Book of Pathology, ... 13 

Warren— Surgical Pathology, 14 

PHYSIOLOGY. 

American Text-Book of Physiology, . 2 

Budgett — Essentials of Physiology, . . 22 

Raymond — Text-Book of Physiology, . ir 

Stewart — Manual of Physiology, . . 13 

PRACTICE OF MEDICINE. 
An American Year-Book of Medicine 

and Surgery, 3 

Anders — Practice of Medicine 4 

Eichhorst — Practice of Medicine, ... 6 

Lockw^ood— Practice of Medicine, . . . 9 

Morris— Ess. of Practice of Medicine, . 15 

Salinger & Kalteyer— Mod. Medicine, ii 

Stevens — Practice of Medicine, .... 13 



SKIN AND VENEREAL. 

An American Text-Book of Genito- 
urinary and Skin Diseases, 3 

Hyde and Montgomery— Syphilis and 
the Venereal Diseases, g 

Martin— Essentials of Minor Surgery, 
Bandaging, and Venereal Diseases, . .' 15 

Mracek and Stelwagon— Atlas of Dis- 
eases of the Skin, 16 

Stelwagon— Essentials of Diseases of 
the Skin, j- 

SURGERY. 

An American Text-Book of Surgery, 2 
An American Year-Book of Medicine 

and Surgery, 3 

Beck — Fractures, 4 

Beck — Manual of Surgical Asepsis, ... 4 

Da Costa— Manual of Surgery, 5 

International Text-Book of Surgery, . 8 

Keen— Operation Blank, 8 

Keen — The Surgical Complications and 

Sequels of Typhoid Fever, 8 

Macdonald — Surgical Diagnosis and 

Treatment, 9 

Martin — Essentials of Minor Surgery, 

Bandaging, ^nd Venereal Diseases, . . 15 

Martin— Essentials of Surgery, 15 

Moore — Orthopedic Surgery, 10 

Nancrede — Principles of Surgery, ... 10 

Pye— Bandaging and Surgical Dressing, n 

Scudder— Treatment of Fractures, , , . 12 

Senn— Genito-Urinary Tuberculosis, . . 12 

Senn — Practical Surgery, 12 

Senn — Syllabus of Surgery, 12 

Senn — Pathology and Surgical Treat- 
ment of Tumors, 12 

Warren— Surgical Pathology and Ther- 
apeutics, 14 

Zuckerkandl and Da Costa— Atlas of 

Operative Surgery, 16 

URINE AND URINARY DISEASES. 
Ogden — Clinical Examination of the 

Urine, *. . . 11 

Saundby — Renal and Urinary Diseases, 11 
Wolf— Handbook of Urine Examination, 14 
Wolff— Examination of Urine, 15 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Abbott— Hygiene of Transmissible Dis- 
eases, 3 

Bastin — Laboratory Exercises in Bot- 
any, 4 

Golebiew^ski and Bailey— Atlas of Dis- 
eases Caused by Accidents, . . . ■ 17 
Gould and Pyle — Anomalies and Curi- 
osities of Medicine, 7 

Grafstrom — Massage, 7 

Keating— Examination for Life Insur- 
ance, 8 

Pyle — A Manual of Personal Hygiene, . 11 
Saunders' Medical Hand-Atlases, . 16, 17 
Saunders' Pocket Medical Formulary, . 12 
Saunders' Question-Compends, . . 14, 15 
Stewart and Lawrence — Essentials of 

Medical Electricity, 15 

Galbraith— The Four Epochs of Wo- 
man's Life, . . 22 

Van Valzah and Nisbet — Diseases of 
the Stomach, 14 



BOOKS IN PREPARATION. 



JELLIFFE AND DIEKMAN'S CHEMISTRY. 

A Text-Book of Chemistry. By SMITH Ely Jelliffe, M. D., Ph. D., 
Professor of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy of the City of New 
York; and George C. Diekman, Ph. G., M. D., Professor of Theoreti- 
cal and Applied Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy of the City of New 
York, Octavo volume of 550 pages, illustrated. 

BROWER'S MANUAL OF INSANITY. 

A Practical Manual of Insanity. By DANIEL R. Brower, M. D., Pro- 
fessor of Nervous and Mental Diseases, Rush Medical College, Chicago. 
i2mo volume of 425 pages, illustrated. 

KALTEYER'S PATHOLOGY. 

Essentials of Pathology. By F, J. Kalteyer, M. D., Assistant Demon- 
strator of Clinical Medicine, Jefferson Medical College ; Pathologist to 
the Lying-in Charity Hospital ; Assistant Pathologist to the Philadelphia 
Hospital. A New Volume in Saunders' Qucstion-Compend Series. 

QRADLE ON THE NOSE, THROAT, AND EAR. 

Diseases of the Nose, Throat, and Ear. By HENRY GradLE, M. D,, 
Professor of Ophthalmology and Otology, Northwestern University Medi- 
cal School, Chicago. Odtavo volume of 800 pages, illustrated. 

BUDQETT'S PHYSIOLOGY. 

Essentials of Physiology. By Sidney P. Budgett, M. D., Professor of 
Physiology, Washington University, St. Louis, Mo. A New Volume in 
Saunders' Question-Compend Series. 

GRIFFITH'S DISEASES OF CHILDREN. 

A Text-Book of the Diseases of Children. By J. P. Crozer GRIFFITH, 
Clinical Professor of Diseases of Children, University of Pennsylvania. 

GALBRAITH ON THE FOUR EPOCHS OF WOMAN'S LIFE. 

The Four Epochs of Woman's Life : A Study in Hygiene. By ANNA M. 
Galbraith, M. D., Fellow New York Academy of Medicine; Attending 
Physician Neurologic Dept. New York Orthopedic Hospital and Dispens- 
ary, etc.; with an Introduction by JOHN H. MussER, M. D., Professor of 
Clinical Medicine, Univer. of Penna. i2mo volume of about 200 pages. 

22 



•niE PROPBRTY OF 

HaliiiuiiMciilColliiieoftheFa. 



DATE DUE SLIP 

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA MEDICAL SCHOOL LIBRARY 



THIS BOOK IS DUE ON THE IiAST DATE 
STAMPED BELOW 



MAY 3 19; 

■^B 1 : 1925 

APR 5 - 1930 
APR ^9 1930 

MAY 13 1930 





2w-8,'23 



VOLUMES NOW READY* 

Atlas and Epitome of Internal Medicine and Clinical Diagnosis. By Dr. Chr. 

Jakob, of Erlangen. Edited by Augustus A. Eshner, M.D., Professor of Clinical 
Medicine in the Pliiladelphia Polyclinic. With 179 colored figures on 68 plates and 
259 pages of text. Cloth, $3.00 net. 

Atlas of Legal Medicine. By Dr. E. von Hofmann, of Vienna. Edited by Fred- 
erick Peterson, M.D., Chief of Clinic, Nervous Department, College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, New York. With 120 colored figures on 56 plates and 193 half-tone 
illustrations. Cloth, I3.50 net. 

Atlas and Epitome of Diseases of the Larynx. By Dr. L. Grunwald, of Munich. 
Edited by Charles P. Grayson, M.D., Physician-in-Charge, Throat and Nose 
Department, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. With 107 colored figures 
on 44 plates, 25 text-illustrations, and 103 pages of text. Cloth, I2.50 net. 

Atlas and Epitome of Operative Surgery. By Dr. O. Zuckerkandl, of Vienna. 
Edited by J. Chalmers DaCosta, M.D., Professor of the Practice of Sjipgery and 
Clinical Surgery, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. With 24 tofored plates, 

' 217 illustrations in the text, and 395 pages of text. Cloth, I3.60 net. 

Atlas and Epitome of Syphilis and the Venereal Diseases. By Prof. Dr. Franz 
Mracek, of Vienna. Edited by L. Bolton Bangs, M.D., Professor of Genito- 
urinary Surgery, University and Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York. 
With 71 colored plates and 122 pages of text. Cloth, $3.50 net. 

Atlas and Epitome of External Diseases of the Eye. By Dr. O. Haab, of Zurich. 
Edited by G. E. de Schweinitz, M.D., ProfesSoi; jafs Ophthalmology, Jefferson 
Medical College, Philadelphia. With 76 colored nlluS^ation^on 46 plates and 228 
pages of text. Cloth, I3.0Q net. T*^^ M: 4L. »*V«4 

Atlas and Epitome of Skin Diseases. By Prof.TJr. fM^Mra^k, of Vienna. 
Edited by Henry W. Stelwagon, M.D., Clinical Professor of Dermatology, Jeffer- 
son Medical College, Philadelphia. With 63 colored pl^,^s, 39 hajf-tone Hlpstrations, 
and 200 pages of text. Cloth, $3.50 net. y '» < T/ 

Atlas and Epitome of Special Pathologic Histology. By Dr. H. Durck, of 
Munich. Edited by Ludvig Hektoen, M.D., Professor of Pathology, Rush Medical 
College, Chicago. In two parts. Part I. just ready, including the Circulatory, 
Respiratory, and Gastro-intestinal Tracts, with 12^1 colored figures on 62 plates and 
158 pages of text. Cloth, $3.00 net. 

Atlas and Epitome of Diseases Caused by Accidents. By Dr. Ed. Golebiewski, 
of Berlin. Translated and edited, with additions, by Pearce Bailey, M.D., 
Attending Physician to the Almshouse and Incurable Hospitals, New York. With 
71 colored illustrations on 40 plates, 143 text-illustrations, and 549 pages of text. 
Cloth, $4.00 net. 

Atlas and Epitome of Gynecology. By Dr. O. Schaffer, of Heidelberg. From 
the Second Revised and Enlarged German Edition. Edited by Richard C. Nor- 
Ris, A.M., M.D., Gynecologist to the Methodist Episcopal and Philadelphia Hospi- 
tals. With 207 colored illustrations on 90 plates, 65 text-illustrations, and 308 pa^es 
of text. Cloth, I3.50 net. 

Atlas and Epitome of Labor and Operative Obstetrics. By Dr. O. Schaffer, of 
Heidelberg. Frotn the Fifth Reiiised German Edition. Edited by J. Clifton Eugar, 
M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and Clinical Midwifery, Cornell University Medical 
School. With 14 lithographic plates in colors and 139 other illustrations. Cloth, ;^2.oo net. 

^* "'" .\J' -^ i'V ''*'.'"- '•.f'-»'^ *"■ y^~ ' *^^ip- Schaffer, 
' ' ' i '■ ''si^^m.-f* Clifton 

\H . I J» v' ; ^^-^^-^4-- — *~---'vT^'<^ .^ • - ■ \iS'"^ ^'^ ^^^^^ 

p. Dr. Chr. 
by Edward 
md Bellevue 
ext. Cloth. 



gnosis. By 

idited by G. 
cal "College, 

rnosis. By 

' tlie Second 
u Professor 
•Itimes. with 




Library of the 

University of California Medical School 

and Hospitals 



'^564