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»4 PA. 

*' ainu obserr^ juaq^au terns de U ram Elisabeth. On rapi»«Dd' 
" de celui qui a ecrit rhiitoire de cette m^e univermt^." (Aoto- 
nius Wood, HisL Univ. Oxoo. p. 228.) " Notatu dignuin est 
" quod an ilia, ni fallor, ad KreaissimK usque Elisabetlise tan- 
" pora (quippe turn Juaephum quemdom Barnes libros ex licenUft 
** academic^ imprimentem leperiea,) apud exteros penitus hsesit; 
" quibus pemuBsa est ab uRiTerwtate potestas, jus, et privil^um 
" artem t^pographicam exercendi, vel apud sc retinendi, vel aliia 
'* cotnmunicandi.^ " On pent dire que Ce fut la recompence des 
" BCMDs que prit 1e chancelier de cette toile, de faire ^tablir la pre- 
" mi^re imjmmerie du royaume i Oxfort; car ce fut lui qui sol- 
** licita le roi de la Grand Bretagne de faire venir des imprimeurs, 
" et qui jragnit une somme de trtus cent marcs d'argent ft celle 
*' que ce prince donna sur ce sujet." 

Antony k Wood had nmply menlioRed the fact, that the early 
printers at Oxford were rather Jbreignerf than noHvet of tAe 
pUux, as Corsellis, Theodoric Rood of Cologne, John Scolar, 
(who is supposed to have been a German,) &c. &c. which notice 
CheviUier mbunderstaoding aasumes at once that Oxford poa- 
sessed, down to the period of queen Elizabeth^s rogn, the import- 
ant privilege of a monopoly <rf printing throu^out the British 


Paddenburg, (qu. Fadenbom, in Westphalia P) A Talmudical 
treaUse, dated 1726, bearing the imprint of this place, is noticed 
in the Catalogue of the library belonging to the *' London Society 
" for prcHnoting Christianity among the Jews.*^ 

PaiUboma, Paderbom, an andent and considerable town of 
Weetf^ialia, with an university, founded in 1592. It was for- 
merly the see of a iHshop possesKng a most extenuve jurisdiction. 
Prindng was exercised here in 1600, (TCD.) and by Matthew 
Pontanua in 1608.— <Bodl.) 

PadovOy see Patavium. 

Paiatgxilia Jdttaiicontm, qu. Tongeren, or Tongres, an an- 
cient town of the Netherlands, in the territory of Li^ P — 1606. 

PaJentia, Palencia, a considerable town of Spain, chief of a dis- 
trict in the province of Leon, and the see of a bishop. I^e first 
Christian university founded in Spun was established at thia 
fdace, but afterwards was transferred to Salamanca. 

Antonio and Caballero, two Spanish biblingn^hers, mention a 

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PA. «W 

«t)H[ by Boderiaa SatuHua de JrtvtiUo, sud to be printed in 
this town in 1470 : but Panzer treats the statement as errone- 
ous, and bdieves the book in question to be a Romui edition of 
that year. No other specimen c^ printing at Palencia is adduced, 
either in this or the early part of the succeeding century ; but 
Antonio notices printing here in the year 1572 ; which statement 
is in all probalnlity cwrect. 

Pahaa, a strong town of Austrian Illyria, in Friuli. — 1814. 

Palma Balearmm, now called Majorca, a seaport-town, capital 
of the island of Majorca. It is a bisbop''s see, and contains some 
literary establishments. Antonio notices printing here in the year 
1600: he likewise mentions a book dated 1589, bearing the im- 
print Mifforica, which in all probability was executed in this town. 
In the Catalogue of the BUdiotheca Mojfantiana, (sold by auction 
in Ixmdon in 1889,} No. 85, occurs a work of Baimuodo Lullio, 
bearing the imprint Po/tna, 1540, which the compiler pronounces 
to be the first hock printed in the island; also (N" 111.) another 
Spanish work by Carbon, with the imprint Mallorca, 1541. 

Palmonium, quaere what town? Le Long cites an Eiemen- 
tarium Hebraicum, by Ambroaus Friphius, executed in this 
town in the year 1567. (see vol. ii, p. 1173.) 

Palmyra was an ancient and celebrated aty of Syria, whose 
stupradous ruins still bespeak its former magnificence: it w also 
the name of no fewer than nine townships and villages in the 
United States of America. 

Some Italian works of the middle of the last century bear the 
imprint of this place, with the dates 1755, 1767, and 1769; [but 
qii«re where printed ? I have not seen any of them.] 

Paltktniorum qfficina. Zacharias Falthenius, who was a learned 
printer of Francfbrt oa the Maine, at the close of the XVIth cen- 
tury-, used sometimes the custom, which then generally previuled, 
of omitting the name of his town. His books occur with the fol- 
lowing imprints : 

Zacharios Falthenius LLD. in 1597, (he died 1615.) 

Col%ium PaltheDiomm in 1605 — 10. 

Coll^um Musarum Palthen". in 1612—14. 

Oflicina Haredum Palthenn". in 1616. 

Hartmannus Falthenius in 1616 — 22. 

Paium, Fau, a connderable town of France, fonneriy the ca- 
iHtal i^ Beam. Printing was pracused at Pau about the middle 


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ns FA. 

of the XVIth century. The earliest book known aj^tean to be 
a Tolume of the Cuatonu ifc. of Beam, in the dialect <^ the coun< 
try, executed bj Johan de Vingles and Henry Poyure, in 1552. 
A c<^ of this, on veUum, is in the royal library of France. 

PAMFELVNA, or POMFEIOPOLIS, Fampeluna, an an- 
cient aty of Spain, the ca{Mtal of Navarre: it is a bishop's see, 
and has an univeruty founded in 1608. Of nx w seven Pampe* 
luna books of the X Vth century which now remain, the earliest is 
a Commentary on 0te Jpoatia' Creed by Petrut de Caetrobel, 
executed in the year 1489 : the printer's name is not mentioned. 
Mendez, however, knew nothing of such a book, which appears to 
be dted frmn Frosper Marchand ; and judged that typography 
was introduced into Fampeluna by Amard Guillen de Brocar (the 
tame who afterwards printed the famous Polyglott Bible at Alcala) 
in or about the year 1495- Ptozer knew of no publicati<Hi be- 
tween 1501 and 1586. 

Pemama, a trading tnty and seaport of South America, seated 
on a bay in the isthmus of Darien : it was formerly the cafHdtl of 
the Spanish province of Panama, and a great commerdal depots 
but has Utterly declined. How early typography was introduced, 
I have not learnt: in 1824 two newspapers were r^ularly pub- 
lisbed in the town. 

Potnoviaa, Senapaniowce, a town of Russian Fdand, in Podo- 
lia. Printing was carried on here in 1606. 

PANORMVM, Palermo, a populous and fine city, capital of 
the island of Sicily, and seat of the viceroy. It is the see of an 
archbbhop, and has an umversity. 

One book only is known to have been printed at Palermo during 
the XVth century, entitled, Jotamit Natoma coruvetudhtet uHiii 
Panormi ; the date cf which ia 1477, and the printer Andreeu de 
Wormiia&. From this year we know <^ no more Palermo print- 
ing until 1515. To descend to modem times, one of the latest 
publications of this city is an Itahan metrical transJation of rir 
Walter Scott's beautiful poem, " The Lady of the Lake.'' 

Papefihemiutn, Pappenfaeim, a snuU town of the intericr of 
Germany, formerly chief place of a district, now belon^ng to 
Bavaria.— 1786. 

PAPIA, or TICINVM, I^via, an andent city of Austrian 
Italy, in the duchy of Milan : it is a bishop's see, and has a cele- 
brated umveraty, &unded by the empenM* CborleniagDe. 

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PA. «7 

I^via WIS Toy aaij in its adoptiun of typognphy : iu oldett . 
remanuig spedniGD is ft medical waA of Johannet Matthai dt 
FaTarHs, of the year 1471 ; the printer oi whid, Anthraiius de 
CudiaDo, wba Beeme to have been no small coxcranb, styles lum- 
•elf in one (^ his books, Cj/mnarii Pt^nemis generaK* juritia- 
nam biddbu: (i. e. as we should say in Oxford, esquire bedel cf 
km!) The art was earned on extenavely at Pavia by about 
thirty jxintos during the XVth and h^pnmng c^ the XVIth 
centuiy. One cf them, i^oparently a whimsical mortal, deajg- 
naiea bimseif by three serend appeUations, viz. Jaeobue P^ 
ckridrapeneis, Jacabue Paroidra^us, and Jacobut Paucidrapimt 
— de BfTg^franco. 

Paramanbo, a laige and flourishing town <£ Guiana, in South 
America, captal of the jfforince of Surinam. 

A new^sper was announced for publicatioo at this place, in the 

tropolia t£ Fiance ; the o^brated university of which was found* 
ed by Charlemagne in the year 791. 

There is no doubt that Paris witnessed the exeo^dse of the art 
cf printing bo early as 1470, in which year, through the exerticms 
of two «^ its learned professors, Guiilaume Fichet, and Jean de 
la Pierre, a press was get up in the cdl^^ of the Sorbonne by 
the three iUustriouB partners, Ulric Gering, Martin Cmntz, and 
Michael Friburger, and a work, entitled Gagparimi Pergamenna 
EfnetoUe, finuhed and given to the public Yet fw the first two 
or three years thor books are without any date, the only excep- 
tion bong a small piece of Fidutut adjtHued to his Trea^te icpon 
Bhetoricy to which the date cf Wt\ is affixed, and which is there- 
fore to be conmdered the first dated Paris book. The firm cod> 
tinned its united labours until 14TO, (having removed in 1478 
from the Sorbonne to the Golden Sun in the Rue S. Jacques,) 
and was succeeded by a host of printers during the XVth oea. 
tury, many of whtHO have obtained cooaderable reputation by 
tfaor works. From this numerous list we may select as the more 
coaqncuous, Antonius Verard, the printer of several valuable 
Chronicles, and sadly given to the practice of striking off copies 
upon veUwn ! Guido Mercator, Jo. Badius Aacenaus, and ThieU 
man Kerver. But above them all it should be remembered, that 
in this dty the illustrious and learned family i^ the Stephani oar- 


318 PA. 

ried on the bunttesa of printing for upwarda of a century luid a 
half. The earliest bodi known to be executed by any of this 
femily is Jo. F^bH Mifroducfio vn Jabrat Ethicomm Ariatotdi», 
which was printed by Henry Stephens the elder, in partnership 
with Wolfgang Hopytius, in the year 1496. Consult Maitture's 
Lives of the Stephani, a work however ^ich is abundantly sus- 
ceptible of correcUon and eQlargement, and sadly requires the 
labours <^ an active and careful editor. 

Of the extent which the art had reached in Paris within the 
first thirty years ttom the period <^ its introduction, some idea 
may be formed, when it is known that Panzer has enumerated no 
fewer than eighty-five printers, and upwards of seven hundred 
and ninety works executed here during the XVth century. 

PARMA, an ancient and fortified city of the north of Italy^ 
cajntal of the duchy <^ Famta : it is a bishop's see, and has an 
univernty, founded in 1599. 

The earlier known specimen of the Farms presses is an ex- 
ceedingly rare edition of Pluiarchtta de Kberit educandia, exe- 
cuted by Andreas de Fortilift in 1472. In the following year 
Slephanus Corallus began to print, to whom, as well as to Por- 
tilia, we are indebted for seravl valuable and beautiful editions 
of clasnc authors. In one of his books Corallus uses a nngular 
■llustratioa of the speed with whidi it was put forth, where he 
states, " StephanuB Corallus Lugdunenus invidonun quorundam 
*' malivolentiit lacesutus, qui idem imprimere tentanint, oHiU 
" qaam luparagi coqtiantur, id absolvit t" Thank heaven and 
the horticultural society, our modem breed of asparagus is some, 
what less hard-hearted. 

' In modem times the ci^ of Parma has obtained a high d^;ree 
of celebrity from the splendour and luxury of the typographic 
productions of the renowned Bodoni, whose beautiful and correct 
editions deservedly find a place in the library of every accom- 
plished scholar. An account of Bodoni and bis publications has 
been recently published in two volumes 4to. 

Passay, a village beautifully seated on the banks of the river 
Seine, at the distance of one league frcnn Paris. 

During nine years and a half, from the 7th Jan. 1777, Passay 
was the residence of the celebrated Dr. Benjamin Franklin ; who, 
possessing a printing-press in his own house, used to divert him- 
self from time to time by oompoMug and printing for the amuse-^ 


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PA.-^PE. a9 

meat ot lus intimate frieodi Bevavl light essays and Jam: ctapritt, 
such as the Supplement to the Boston Independent Chromde, 
and the Letter Jrtm the pirate Paul Jones, described in the 
" MemtHTs of B. Franklin, Sec." 4to. 1818. Franklin quitted 
Passay in July 1786 ; and died in 1790. 

PATAVIA, or FASSAVIVM, Passau, on andent and strong 
dtj of Bavaria, seated on the Danuhe, formerly capital of the 
[»incipslity of Passau, and still a Inahop's see. 

A few books remain to attest the exercise of prioting in this 
aty during the XVth century, the earliest of which is a Brevia- 
rium PatamenM, of the year 1481, in small 8to. No printer's 
name is attached to this curious little volume ; but in the next 
year Caarad Stahel, Benedictas Mayr, and Johannes Alacrav, 
carried t» the buaness in Passau, which continued &om that time 

PATAVIVM, Padua, an ancioit and celebrated city of Aus- 
trian Italy, the capital of a province, and a bishop's see. Its uni- 
Terntj was founded by Charlemagne, and restored by the empe* 
ror Frederic the Second in 19S&. The earliest known book from 
Padua is the editio prmcepa of the Fiammetta of Boccado, print- 
ed by Bartholomaeus de Valdezocbio, and Martinus de septem 
Arboribua, in the year 1172. Ten or twelve printers establidied 
themselves at Padua before the close of the XVth century : but 
very little printing appears to have been done in this <^ty from the 
year 1500 to 15S6. 

Pateo, a town or village of Taha or Otaha, one of the Society 
Islands in the South Pacific Ocean. Some English missionaries 
established themselves on this island in the year 18SS, and have 
recently introduced a printing-press, from which they have sent 
forth several portions of Holy Scripture in the Tahitian lan- 

Patrat, (anciently Patra,) a populous and trading sea-port 
town of Greece, in the Moreo, seated at the entrance of the gulf 
of Lepanto. 

Some few years ago ^pography was introduced at Patr&s ; and 
in 1828 a weekly French journal was published here, under the 
title of Courier de FOrient, 

Pedeponiium, qu P Machado, in his " Bibliotheca Lusitano," 
torn. i. p. 190, mentions a work fwinted at Pedepontum prope Ra- 
ti$6onam, in the year 1739. 

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tao PE. 

Pekin, a large and well-known dty of China, capital of the 
whole emjnre. 

Of the mode of printing origjnallj in use among the Chinese, 
(viz. Irom woodoi blocks, after the manner of our card-printers,) 
the invention ot which is by scHne writers carried back to a most 
remote period, and which there is good authority for believing to 
have been practised by the nativeB at least so far back as the year 
9S0 of the Christian era, I have nothing at all to say in the pre- 
sent work. 

There is litde question that the Eurt^ean method was intro- 
duced among than by the Jesuit mismonaries, for the purpose of 
disseminating, by means of ctUechitmi and other rdig^ous tracts, 
the knowledge of the Christian religion. How early any boc^ 
were executed by these &tbers, I cannot pretend to say with cer- 
tainty: ChevillJer quotes, fiom CoupWs edition of Confiiciua, 
(fi^ Paris, 1687,) a work by &tber Matthew BicciuB, one of the 
first missionaries, entitled, Tien hio xey^ ccfiettu dociriniB vera 
ratio, printed in two vols, at Pekin, in 1608. There is in the 
Bodlaan library a book printed by the Jesuits at Pekin, in the 
year 1701, entided, Brevit Selatio eorwn qute tpectani ad Deda- 
raAonem Smonan Jmperaktria Kam Hi area caii, Cumfiidi, et 
Avonim cuAum, datam atmo 1700. But this work, though in 
die Bomon dtaracter, is evidently printed from wooden Uocks. 
In addition to the B^nan, it contains Chinese and Tartar charac- 
ters, and is dated 1701. 


Penanff, or Puio Pittang, Prince of Wales' island, rituate off 
the westan coast of die Malay peninsula. It has been in posses- 
sion of the British Noce the year 1786, and has become the seat 
of a very considerable trade. It has a town called Grem^ Town, 
which at first was subject to many inconveniences, but latterly 
great impovanents have t^en pkce. A weekly newspaper is 
now (1836) in course of publication at Penang. 

Penigk, a small town of Saxony, on the river Mulda. A Ger- 
man work, by Fr. Murhard, bears the imprint Peniff 1804; but 
tnm the cdt^on it appears that the book was really printed at 

Pera, see Coiutaniinopolu. 

Pemavia, Pemau, a fortified town (rf European Busua, in. Li- 
vonia, seated on the gulf of Riga. The luuvraoty, which bad beo) 

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founded at Dorpt by GubUtus Adcdpbus, mu lenioved to Pemau 
in 1698 by Cbaries tbe Twelfth. Frinnng was known here ia 
1698. At present two joumals are r^ularly published in the town. 

PERPINIANVH, or ELNA, Peringnan, a strong and con- 
oderable town of the south of France, seated on the river TeC 
It was formerly a bishop's see, asd has an uiuversity, founded by 
Peter, king of Arragoo, in 1349- 

Tbe only work now remaining to attest the existence of typo- 
gneptij in this town during the XVth century, is a Breviarium 
secundum coataeiudintm tedents JEbieiuu, {Hinted by J. Rosem- 
bacb in tbe year 1500, in Sto. : a copy ctf whidi, printed upon 
wSum, is fHvserved in the hbrary of St. Generi&ve at Paris. Nor 
if any instance of a book printed here during the early pert oi the 
ensuing century mentioned by bibliographvB. I have met with 
none earlier than 1638. 

P£RVSIA, or AVQVSTA PERVSIA, Perouse, or Perugia, 
an ancient and populous city of Italy, tbe ca|ntal ai Peru^noj 
in the states of the (diurch. It is a bishop's see, and has an uni- 
verrity, founded in 1S07. 

Typography was practised here during the XVth century, but 
not to any extent. The earliest dated Perugian book h&an the 
year 1475 : but Dr. Dibdin judges a Barihoii commmtaria with- 
out date to be an earlier productimi than any known. (See tbe 
Suf^donent to the Biiliotheca SpfncerioHO, p. 30, with the reiu 
srais there adduced.) 

Padimam, Puschlaw, or Puschiavo, a town of the Helvetic 
npuUic, in tbe Grisoos country. 

PiinUng was exerrised here by Bajodus Sultaceterus at least 
aoearlyaslffSQ^of irtiidi date a book, very well executed l^ him, 
is found in Trimty cdh^e, Dublin. Coxe, in bis " Travels in 
" Switzerland," assigns to Puschiavo the honour of having pro- 
duced the first book printed in the Bomanescbe dialect of the 
Lower Engadine, namely, an A^habet, Creedy and Collection qf 
Pfoyert, he. comfuled by J. Tutschet (or Bivesmuus). This 
volume is in octavo, and bears the date of 1560. A Nev Teib^. 
meni, of the same date, perhaps proceeded from this same town. 
Le Ijong mentions a Nev Testament in the Botmumche or Gii- 
sons language, printed at Puschlaw in 1607. 

Paenacum, or PitcentBf Pesenas, an ancient town of the south 
<d France, in Languedoc.^ — 1661. 

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Pesthmwn, or Pettum, Pesth, a eft|rital dty d Hungary, seat< 
ed on the Danube, immediately opposite to Buda : it is very large 
and handsome, and at present contains the only university of that 
kingdom, vhich was transferred to it from Buda, in the year 
ITn. Books were printed here in 1768. 

Petracora, or Petrocorium, Perigueux, an andent town tS 
France, formerly a bishop's see. A nngle book, printed here, in 
ISOS, is adduced by Panzer : namely, ContHtutionea synodaJet 
CafurcenMf, executed by Joannes Carant, in folio. 

Petn^mlis, St. Petersburg, the modem metropolis of the Rus- 
oan empire, in which is a floimshing university, and an academy 
t>f soences which long has been well-known to the literary world 
by its learned " Tranaacdons.*' This academy was established 
by an ordinance of the empress Catherine, dated Xiet December, 

Typi^^phy was introduced into St. Petersburg by it^ founder 
the Csar Peter the Great, who, in the year 1711 , transferred a 
part of the printing establishment of Moscow to his new cafntal, 
for the purpose of printing the imperial ukases. 

Bachmeister observes, that the earliest productions of this new 
press which he had seen were a book of the year 1713, and the 
" Gazettes'" of 1714. The art seems to have spread rajndly in 
this city ; in 1719 the senate of St. Petersburg appears to have 
had a prinbng-press of its own : in 1718 or 1790 one was erected 
in the monastery of Saint Alexander Newski : in 1794 the college 
of the admiralty possessed one : in 1797 the academy of adences 
had a press peculiar to itself: and in 1785 the synod of the clergy 
enjoyed a umilar advantage. 

Bachmeister, to whom we owe the above information, has fur- 
nished us, in his ** Essai," with many interesting particulars 
concenung the library of the academy ; a few of which, as hb 
work is very rarely met with in England, are here given to the 

The imperial library of St. Petersburg b^an to be formed in 
the year 1714, &om some books captured during the war in 
Courland; from 9500 volumes brought from Mittau; with a 
few others from Moscow. On the first of August 11^ it was 
united to the academy of sciences. In 1798 the books were re- 
moved to a more commodious spot, and the library was formally 
opened to the public on the 26di of October in that same year. 

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FE aas 

In ITtt a Catalogue both of the books and curibudee belonging 
to the academy was printed in three volumes 8vo. : but as this 
was only distributed in the way of presents, Badunaster observes 
tliat it was very little known, and that it was exceedingly difficult 
to meet with a complete copy. An unfortunate fire which broke 
out in the library on the 5th of December, 1747, though it was 
attmded with little absolute loas, yet caused a total disarrange- 
ment of the books, which in consequence continued almost wholly 
luelesB until the completion of new rooms for their reception in 
tbe year 1766. In 1778 conquest added to the library a great 
number of books from Nesvita in Lithuania; and in 1774 it was 
enriched with eighteen volumes of MSS. of tbe astronomer Kepler. 
In 1776 it contained alti^ther 36,000 volumes. 

Amongst its rare and more valuable books are named, 
" An Armenian Bible, printed at Constantinople in 1705, very 
" rare, and unknown to Le Long." 
. " The Schlavonic Bibles of 1581, 166S» and 175L" 
" The. Polish Bibles of Brzescie, Cracow, and Daniaic." 
" The Gospels * en Vandalique," Tubingen, 1557, b^ng the 
** first book printed in that language." 
. ** The history of Lithuania by Koj^owicz, of which the first 
" volume was printed at Dantzic in 1650, and the second at 
" Antwerp in 1669, so that tbe two are very rarely found 
** A vwk by king Stanislaus, who printed but a very small 

" number of cofnes of it." 
** A form of public thanks^ving (in Russia) for the victory of 
*' Fultawa, enriched by corrections and alterations in the 
" hand-wridng of the Czar Peter .^ 
'* A Rusnan Pentateuch printed at Prague in 1519." 
" The famous and unique Jpoatal, printed at Moscow in 1564,'" 

[an account of which see under the article Moscua.] 

** Two excesrively rare books, in the Glagolitical character, 

" printed at Tubingen about the middle of the XVIth cen- 

" tury." 

" A variety of books, in the Rtatian character*, printed at Cr&- 

" cow, Vilna, Prague, Venice, Nesvitz, Moscow, Ostrog, Lwow, 

" Striatina,Galitz, M<^k>w, Fotacbaev, Eiew, Rochmonov, Stock- 

*' holm, the monasteries of Kuteinskd, of Delskoi, of Iverskoi, and 

*' of ViteuskcH : at Tzchernigow, at Oxford, and at Amsterdam." 



The oldest Sclavomc MS. which it po o a c ia e B is of the year 
1398 : but it is noticGd that prince Tsdia-batow had ooe dated 
1046 ; ftnd that one of 1157 waa believed to be at Moscow. 

At the preaent day, it is almost unnecessary to remarii, the art 
al prioting is carried on with the greatest vigour at Sl Peters- 
burg. In the year 1824 it waa ascertained that the <nty posaesaed 
no fewer than twenty-nx printing-establishmente, of which seven- 
teen belonged to the government. 

Henderson, in his " Biblical Besesrchcs in Busma,^ p. 96, ^vea 
us a curious anecdote of an edition of the Dutdi Bible printed at 
the Hague, in tc^, in which one half of each page was leA blank 
at the desire of the Czar Peter, in order to its being filled up 
with the SUvonic versioa at St. Petenbiug. But smne difficulties 
having arisen respecting the accwdance of the two versicNis, the 
work was diaomtinued; the Old Tegtament was never finished, 
and the few cojHes of the New Testament which had found thw 
way into circulatitm wen sought fw with the utmost diligence 
and the entire impresrion was suppressed and destn^ed. 


Phiiadelplna, a large and beautifiil dty, the capital irf Peno- 
sylvania, North America. It is utuated on the river Ddaware, 
and was laid out by William Penn, the founder of the province^ 
in the year 168S. It possesses an university incorporated by char- 
ter, and a great variety of literary and charitable establishments. 

Fennsylvania was the second English colony in America (Mas- 
sadiusetts bang the first) in which the art of printing was esta- 
bBshed. About the year 1686 or 1687, Wm. Bradford, a native 
of Locester in England, set up a press near Philadd|Aia ; txaa- 
menang his labours by printing a sheet almanac fiir the year 
1687 : in 1689 be moved into the dty, where one of his eariiest 
essays was a quarto pamphlet by Geoige Kath, respecting the 
New En^and churches. The cel^rated Dr. Franklin oma- 
menced here the business of a printer on his own account, and 
continued it until the close of the year 1766, when the riang dis- 
putes between England and the colonies b^;an to call his atten- 
tion to more important coacans. 

At Philadelphia the first atlonpt at stoeotype printing was 
made, by Benjamin Mecom, a ne|diew of Dr. Franklin, about the 
year lT7fi> He cast the plates for a number of psges of the New 
Testament, but never completed them. 

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PH.— PI. 1K6 

So early as 1743 a German newspaper was published here ; 
and in or beftwe the year 1755, a peculiar press for the German 
language was established, at the espence of a society in London 
formed for " promoting religious knowledge among the German 
" emigrants in Pennsylvania.^ This press was placed under the 
direction of the provost of the college of Philadelphia. 

PHORCA, Pfortzheim, a trading* town of the west of Ger. 
many, in the margravate of Baden-Durlach. 

Only one volume of Pfortzheim printing in the XVth century 
DOW reouins, namely, Jbarmis JUenttaiff FocabuJariug, executed 
in the year ISOO. The printer, Thomas Anselmua Badensis, 
continued his business here till 1511 ; at which period he removed 
to Tubiogen : and thenceforward we hear no more of Pfortzheim 
printing. Several of the Pfortzheim books may be seen in the 
Bodleian lihraiy. 

Piaxzoia, a town of the island of Corsica. Haym (^BibUoteca 
Ital.) mentions a book printed here in 1784. 

PICTAVIVM, Poitiers, an ancient and lai^ town of the west 
of France, formerly capital of Pnitou : it is a bishop's see : its 
nnivernty was founded in 1481. Only three hooks executed here 
in the XVth century are known ; the earliest of which is a Bre- 
viarium hittoriale of the year 1479> which professes to have been 
[Kinted in ledibtu Canomd ecdetiiE B. Hilarii : and the next 
bears for imprint, in burgo taiuluaimi HUarii maioria Ptctavit: 
so that probably the press was erected within the monastery. A 
very fine copy of Lea ti-iumpket de la noble ef amoureuae dame, 
et Fart de honneatement ayitter^ compoai par le traveraeur det 
voyea perilteuaea, printed at Pmtiers by Jacques Bouchet, in the 
year 1582, may be seen in Marsh's library, Dublin ; the volume 
is in tcAio, conasting of 166 leaves, printed in the Gothic letter. 

St. Pierre, a busy seaport-town in the island of Martinique. 
The Code de la Martinique was printed at this town in 1767. 

PINAROLIVM, Pignerol, or Pinarola, a small town of the 
nwth of Italy, in Piedmont, seated on the river Clusone. It is a 
iHshop's see. 

Panzer knewof only three books printed here during the XVth 
century; viz. a Boethiua and a Juvenal of 1479, and an Chid of 
1480; all by Jacobus de Rubeis, who had previously carried on 
the trade at Venice. Nor is any work adduced as executed at 
PigneFol fivm tbe year 1480 to 1536. 

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tt6 PI.-PL. 


Pinasovia, Pinczow, a town of Poland, in the psJatinate of 
Cracow : in this town, which was the chief resort of the Unita- 
rians, BO that from hence they gtuned the name Pioczovians, a 
press was erected by them so early as the year 1559. 

PISA, Pisa, an ancient uid large city of the north-west of 
Italy, in the grand duchy of Tuscany, seated on the river Amo. 
It is an archbishop's see, possesses an univernty, founded in the 
year 1839, and many public buildings of great, beauty ; it is also 
memorable as the birthplace of Galileo. 

The most ancient remaining specimens of Pison typography 
are, a work of Franciteu* de AccoUia de Aretio, and one of Bta-- 
tholomiBua Hodnut, both of the year 148S; to neither of than is 
a printer's name affixed. After tfae year 1499 the name of Pisa 
does not occur, within the period to which Panzer confined his 

Pisaurvm, Pesaro, an ancient and fortified town of Italy, be- 
longing to the states of the churdi, in the duchy of Urlnno. It 
is the see of a bishop. The several worics which have been dted 
by bibliographers as executed at Pesaro during the XVlh cen- 
tUTy^ the scrutiniung De Rossi sufficiently proves to be erro- 
neously described : and in all probalnlity the year 1504 is the 
epoch of the introduction of typc^raphy into this town, which 
art was almost entirely carried on here by the Hebrew printers 
from Sondna 

PISCIA, Pescia, a town of Tuscany, in Florentino, seated on 
a. river of the same name. It is a bishop's see. 

The earliest hook &om this place is La coKfkiMone di S. Ber- 
nardino da Siena, printed by Francesco Cenni in the year 1466. 
No Pescian book is known between 1500 and 15S6; but one of 
the date of 1555 was in the PineUi library. 

I^storia, Pistoya, a lai^ and handsome city of Italy, in the 
grand duchy of Tuscany, the see of a Inshop. — 1 649. 

PLACENTIA, Placenza, or Hacenza, a fortified town of the 
north of Italy, the capital of a duchy, and a bishop's see. A 
Latin BUle, of the year 1475, executed by Johannes Petrus de 
Ferratis a native of Cremona, appears to be the earliest known 
specimen of Plocentian typography : a copy of this volume is 
contained in the collection of earl Spencer. 

SanUmder observes, that it is not a little remarkaUe that in a 

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PL. M7 

place of 8ucfa cousequeace as Piacenza, so little should bare been 
done in tbe printing buaness ; not more than three or four prcK 
ductions of the XVth century bdng known, [and none between 
1501 and 1536.] 

PlacenHa, a port-town of the settlement of Placentia, or Plai- 
sance, on the southern coast of the island of Newfoundland. A 
Gazette has for many years past been printed here. 

Plantiniarui Officina. Many books executed by the celebrated 
&mily of the Plantins omit the_ name of the place where printed : 
they proceeded either from Antwerp or Leyderiy at both whidi 
towns these elegant printers possessed establishments. The earliest 
book bearing Plantin's name, which I remember to have seen, is 
of the year 1566. But see the article Antverpia. 

Plavia Varitcorum, Plauen, a considerable town of the west o( 
Saxony, in Voigtland. 

A work of G. S. Do^lRus, on Hebrew accents, was printed 
here in the year 1670. — (Le Long.) 

PLEBISACIVM, at PHEIBIA, X^be de Sacoo, a smaU 
town of Austrian Italy, in the Paduana. 

A rin^e volunte remains to testify the early period of the in- 
troduction of typography into this town, namely, a Hebrew work 
in four volumes folio, the Arba turim of Rabbi Jacob ben At^ier; 
its dat^ as ascertained by De Ros^, is 14(75 : so that, as Panzer 
observes, it may contend with the celebrated Reg^o edibon of 
Saiomon Jarchi of the same year, for the honour of being the first 
dated Helnrew book in existence. Of this book M. Van Praet no- 
tices three copies prints on veUam; one <^ which is at Turin, 
a second at Parma, and the third in the Vatican. It appears 
however that De Hossi has since discovered an edition of the 
PaaUer, with the Commentaries of David Kimchi, to which the 
date of 147S is affixed, but the place of printing is not known. 
If this be correct, the palm of precedency must of course be 
traDaferred. No other publication of this town during the XVth 
century is known to be remaining. 

Ploena, Ploen, a large town of Denmark, in the duchy of Hol- 
Bt^n.— 1693. 

Plymouth, a. seaport town of the United States, capital of Ply- 
mouth county, in the state of Massachusetts, North America. It 
is conadered the oldest town in New England, having been 
founded in 16S0. How soon it adopted typography, I have not 


288 PO. 

yet learned. A work entitled The Amtrican OrcAardM/, ISmo. 
was printed ha% in 18S5. 

Poczatec, a Btnall town of Bohemia, 66 miles S. E. of Pra^e. 
According to Balbinus, Thomas Baworowski, archdeacon of Pil- 
sen, printed here Sermones de Pcenitentid, in the year 1552. 

Podiwa, Puy, is the name of several towns in France. — 1628. 

POLLIANVM RVS, Polliano, a town of Italy, in the Vero- 
nese» at the distance of four miles from the <3ty of Verona. 

The only known Ikk^ executed at this town is // libro degii 
Hitomini Jitmosi, hy Petrarch, which was printed by Felix Anti- 
quarius and Innocens Ziletus, partners, in the year 14>76. This 
curious volume may be seen in the noble collection of earl 


Pondkherry, a dty on the coast of the south of India, in the 
Camatic; the capital of the French establishments in India. — 

Pont ad Atonticulum, see MusMpon^m. 

Pont (Eniy see (Enipona. 

PontidtJE MonatUriam, qu ? The Pinelli Catalogue (N°.11097) 
contains a work entitled Numwmata selectiora ^ muitco Pitana, 
in four volumes folio, bearing for imprint, In rrumasterio Ponti- 
d<B agri Bergomaiis, 1740, 1741. I have not been able to find 
a monastery of this name in the Bergamasco territory. It is ob- 
servable, however, that Brunet, dting this same work, gives the 
imprint In monaaierio Benedicto-Caainate ; qusere the meaning 
of all this? 

Popayan, a large city of South America, lately capital of the 
Spanidi province of Popayan in the kingdom of New Granada. 
It was founded by the Spaniards in 1537, is a bbhop's see, and 
contains the roy^ mint. 

In the year 1824 a newspaper was published here. 

Port au Prince, a seaport and town of considerable ti-ade, con- 
taining nearly 30,000 inhabitants, in the western part of the island 
ofStDomingo. A press was erected here as early as 1750; and 
for several years past a literary journal, called The Haytum Bee, 
has been published in this town. In 182S a. second newspaper 
began to be published here: and in 1825 a handsome quarto vo- 
lume of 416 pages, centring the Civil Code of Haiti, did great 
credit to the typographers of Port au Prince, 

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Porta, Pfoerten, a small town snd free lordship of Pnisaa in 
iower Lusatia. — 1785. 

PORTESIVM, (qu? Portki, a village near Naples? or Porto, 
a fortified town in the Veronese°P probably the latter. 

A angle volume executed here is cited by Panzer from Dems' 
Supplement to M^ttaire's Annals, viz. SUUuta CotnmunitaHa 
rippericB SalotUi et Brixientia, which was printed by Bartholo- 
mseus ZannuB in the year 1490. We have no further informa- 
tion respecting the typt^raphy of Porto. 

Portiani Ceutrum, St. Four^ain, a town of France, on the 
riv«- Sioulle. A book entitled, tPadvocat du diabie, ou mimoiret 
du pope Gregoire VII. in three vols. 8^. printed in 1743, bears 
the imprint of St. Pouffain ; but whether it be fictitious or not, I 
am unable to say. 

Pbrtrojfoi dea Champa, a large abbey of Cistercian nuns, si- 
tuate within six leagues of Paris; a place rendered famous by the 
residence of Arnold, Nicole, and other learned ecclesiastics in its 
immediate vicinity. Having incurred the implacable enmity of 
the Jesuits, it was demolished by order of Louis the Fourteenth at 
the be^nning of the eighteenth century. 

A press was in use by the learned men who remded at Port- 
royal, but at what period it was erected I have not ascertained. 

Portanumthy a handsome and considerable town, the metropolis 
of New Hampshire, in North America. Daniel Fowle, a printer 
formerly residing at Boston, in 1756 set up here the first press 
used in the colony of New Hampshire. Thomas observes, that 
*' he did but little at book-printing, his principal business con- 
" nsted in publishing a newspaper.'" Towards the end of the 
year 1764 a second press was erected at Portsmouth, which how- 
ever continued but a very short time. 

Portua, qu. what place? Two treaUsesby C. Aquiioniua, dated 
1640 and 1641, bear this imprint. 

Portua, Porto, a small efuscopal town of Italy, in the papal do- 
minions.— 1691. 

Porlua Ferrariua, Porto Fenaio, a seaport of the isle of Elba. 

Partus LuntanitE, or Portua Cole, or Civitas Portugalenna, 

Porto, or Oporto, a large, populous, and commerdal town of 

Portugal, sealed at the mouth of the Duero, containing about 

70,000 inhabitants. It is a bishop's see. Printing was exercised 

• Accoi^ag to SuUttdar, in Ae Veoedaa torihiiT. 


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880 PO— PR. 

here, by Fr. Laurmtiiia de Basto, ia the year 1612 ; (Bodleian) 
and by JoanneB Rodriguez, in 1622, 1626. 

Poananioy Posnui, or Posm, an ancient and large episcopal 
<uty of Prussian Poland, capital of a palatinate, with an univeniity, 
founded in 1610. The Lutherans, the Jews, and the Jesuits, 
had each printing-establishments in this place. Its earliest book 
known bears date 1579. One of 1586, printed by Joannes Wol- 
rfaabus, is in the Bodl^n. 

Poaonium, Poson, or Presburg, a fortified city on the Danube, 
the capital of Lower Hungary, containing about 20,000 inhabi- 
tants. Printing was exerrised here in 1612. Probably this was tbe 
first town of the kingdom into which the art was introduced : nor 
did it make an extensive progress for many years afterwards; 
since so late as the year 1646, Christopher Itavius observed, " in 
" totA HungarifL vix trea sunt h/pographi^B." It is said that 
there are at thu time about forty paper-mills in Hungary, but 
yet all their finer sorts of paper are import^. 

Potsdam, a handsome town of the Prussian states, in Branden- 
bui^, remarkable for a magnificent palace of the kings of Pnisna. 

Pottendorf, a manufacturing town of Lower Austria. — 1668. 

Potichaev, appears to be some Russian town : qutere whether 
Potschinki, a town of the government of Nischnei-Novgorod ? 
Poschechon, a town of the government of Jannlaf P or Posch^a, 
chief town of the palatinate of Poscheva, on the river Oriova? 
Bachmeister observes that printing was exercised here in the year 

Poaghkeepsie, a township and village of the United States, 
ca[ntal of Duchess county, in the state of New York, seated on 
the Hudson river. It is a flourishing place, has an extennve 
trade, and cont^ns near 5000 inhabitants. There are three print- 
ing offices in it, each of which furnishes a weekly newspaper. A 
work entitled The Transactions o/" the Jgrkuitural Society of 
Dvchess County, North AmeruM,ytaR printed here in the year 1807. 

large and fine city, the capital of Bohemia, and lately an arch- 
bbhop's see. It is divided into three parts; two of which, the 
Old and the New Town, are seated on the eastern bank of the 
river Mulda, while the small part (Micro-praga) is on the western 
bank. This lost is tbe most ancient of the diree. Pngue has a 

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PR. 831 

cetebnted univer^ty, founded by Cbarlea the Fourth, ia 1847; 
whidi St one penod is reported to have txKitained no fewer thwi 
forty thousand students. At the beginning of the XVth century 
aame disputes arose amongst the students; in consequence of 
wluch all those of the G«nnan nation retired, together with the 
lector, to Leipsc, where the elector Frederic founded for them in 
1409 that university which has since became so famous. 

The earliest known spedmen of Prague typc^aphy is a book 
entitled, Statuum VtraquMticorwn articuli in ComiHis Nimbur- 
gtntibus amcluii, printed in Latin and Bohemian in the year 
WIS. Balhinus, indeed, in his Bohemia docta, p. 281. speaks 
of an edition of Dares FHtygius of the date of 1468, which he 
concaves may have been executed in this city : the case, however, 
even upoa his own shewing, is but imperfectly made out. lo 
1487 a Bahottian version of the Psalter, and in the following 
year tAe _firgi edition of the Bohemian Bible, were executed in 
this city : a oc^y of the latter is preserved in the public library of 
the university of Prague. Bachmeister remarks that one oi the 
first books printed in the Rusedan character u a Pentateuch 
executed at Prague in 1519 [hut this had been preceded by 
some other parts of Scripture, in the year 1517 and 1518.J 

Pratum Mbuini, Prato, a place in the immediate vinnity of 
Bresua. The first edition of Nizolius' (Nervations upon Cicero 
bean for imprint. Ex Prato ^Uminif in cediims Jo. Francitci 
Gambiwa, 1535. 

/> Preux, a printer of Paris about the close of the XVIth cen- 
tury, oftm suppressed the name of the town where he resided, 
^viog merely his own. See also the article Morgti. 

Prtmislavia or Premislavia, Prenzlau, a town <^ Brandenburg, 
seated on the lake of Ucker.— 1747. 

Prince of Wales' Island, or Pulo Penang, a small but very im- 
portant island of the eastern seas, lying off the western coast of 
the Malay peninsula. It came into possession of the British in 
the year 1786, and through care has bccrane a flourishing o^ny, 
and a general rendezvous of all persons trading to those parts of 
the east. 

A printing-office appears to' have been opened on the island at 

least twenty years ago; as an Essay on the Maiaj/ language, by 

J. Shav, bears for imprint. Prince of Wales' idand, 1807. A 

cop; of this bode, which probably was executed at George- 


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town (the chief town) is in the curious collection of Mr. W. 

PROMENTOVR occurs as the imprint of a book cited by 
Panzer from P. I^tre, in the following terms; Le doctrinal de 
Sapience par Guy de Roy. ImpritiU a Promentour par maittre 
Loys Guerbin, M.CCCC.LXXXII. No bibliographer seems to 
have given a salJBfactoiy account of this place : and having myself 
searched long and fruitlessly for any town bearing such a name, 
I cannot help thinking that some transposiuon of letters must 
have obscured the mginal word. Quiere, can it be intended for 
Pr^montre, a village of France, in Ficardy, noted for a famous 
abbey of regular canc»is of St. Augustin, who are hence called 
Pnemonstratenses ? In all probability it denotes some place in 
France; but Panzer makes no attempt to unravel the enigma, 
which, as Moore says of his annual hierc^lyphics, must be left 
" to time and the curious to construe." 

Progtanna, qu ? Prostiagow (or Prosnitz,) a town of the drcle 
of Olmutz, in Moravia P Printing was exercised here about the 
middle of the sixteenth century : and some works of J. Dubra- 
vi%iSt bishop of Olmutz, with others, are known to have been 
executed in this place in the years 1549 and 1550. 

Prostitium, Prossnitz, a considerable town of Moravia, chief 
place of a district. The Jews had a printing-establishment hae in 
the early part c^ the seventeenth century. Prossnitz books of the 
dates 1603, 1618, 1649, are found in the Oppenheimer collecti<Hi. 

Providence, the chief town of the county of Providence, io 
Rhode Island, North America. The Baptist missionaries poesees a 
college here. Printing was introduced into this town by Wm, 
Goddard, a printer of New York, in the year 1768. 

PROVINVM, Provtns, a well-built town of the interior of 
France, seated oa the river Vouzie. 

Panzer adduces a angle instance of printing in this towui 
namely a bo<^ entided, La regie des Marchanda, by Jean le 
Liseur, (Johannes Lector,) a monk, which was executed by Guil- 
laume Tavemier in the year 1496. No other work from Provins 
is noUced either in this or the following century by Panzer, nor 
do I remember to have seen any Provins printing, except it be a 
small volume preserved in the Bodleian library, entitled, Z^a vie 
de S. Thibaut confesseur, patron de la viUe de Praoina, \9f. 
Provitu, 1676. 

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PU.— QU. 233 

Pudia de Guadaloupe, qu. a small town of Spain, in tbe pro- 
Tince of Estremadura, near to Trughillo P Mendez notices that 
the art of printing has been exerdsed within this town. 

Puteoli, Puzzuolo, the poor rein&ins of a once magnificent and 
celelnated town of Italy, finely situated on the bay of Puzzuolo. 
It is still a bishop's see. Helyot, in the introdurtion to his" His- 
" toire des Ordres Monastiques,^ quotes a work by H. Maraccitu, 
printed at Puzzuolo io the year 1663. The art was also exer- 
cised here in 1685, &c. 


Quim-chett, or Quang-tckeou, the city called by the Eurc^)eans 
Canton, a city of the flrst rank, capital of the province of Quang- 
tong, in China. 

At what precise period the European typography found its 
way to Canton, I have not ascertained : a work, entitled Invo- 
centia Victrix, composed by father Antonio de Gouvea, vicepro- 
vincial d the Jesuits, (for an account of whom see the Biblio- 
iheea Ltuitana, vol. i. p. S96,) was printed here in Chinese and 
Latin, in the year 1671. Lambecius, in the seventh book of his 
Commentaries on the imperial library of Vienna, gives a descrip- 
tion and the entire Latin vernon of this curious book, a copy of 
whi^ is in the imperial library. The full title is thus ; In- 
nocentia matrix, aive tententia Comitiorum imperii Sinici pro 
ifmocentid ChristianiE religionia, latajuridic^ per annum 1669, 
et Jtutu R. P. Antonii de Gouvea Societatis Jeau ibidem vice- 
provincialis Sinico-Latini expoaita, In Qu^m-Cheuy metropoli 
promncicB Q^uAm-tum in regno Sinantm, anno Salutia humante, 
1671. The volume contains the examination of some of the mis. 
uonaries, who were accused of three things ; ignorance of astro- 
nomy ! murderous intentions ! and the propagation of a false and 
wicked reli^on ! leather with the proceedings of the emperor and 
his several courts of justice in the mattery finally establishing, as 
may be inferred from the title, the innocence of the parties ac- 
cused. A second copy of this rare work was in the celebrated 
Meerman library. In the supplement to Bowyer and Nicholls' 
Histofy of Printing, p.!e86, mention is made of a book which Mr. 
Nicholls conceived to have been executed at Canton, at an earlier 
period than the work above described, viz. in the year 1667. On 
inspection however, it appears that his ground for the suppontion 

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3S4 QU. 

was merely that the licence Jbr printing it was dated from Canton 
in that year, whereas the second part of the work distinctly bears 
the imprint of Goa, at which place in all probability the whole 
volume was worked off at the press. See an account of this work 
in the " Bibliotheca Maradeniana," p. 63. Of late years (1812 
&c.) BomG beautiful Chinese printing has been executed at Canton> 
uiul«- the directions of Mr. Morrison, a British mis^onary, con- 
sisting of several portions of the Holy Scriptures of btrfh the Old 
and New Teatament. 

Quebec, a large and handsome city, the capital of Lower Ca- 
nada, in North America. Printing was introduced into this town 
by W. Brown and W. Gilmore, in the year 1764, which was the 
first aj^Karance of the art within the nhole province of Canada. 
And it is observed by Thomas, that no other press existed in the 
province until the year 1775, when one was erected at McmtreaL 

Quedeliniurgum, Quedlinburg, a considerable town of Frussiaa 
Saxony, in the principality of Anhalt. — 1632. 

St. Quentin, a c^Hisiderable manufacturing town of the n<»th- 
east of France, in the department of the Aime. — 1627. 

Queeada, a town of Spain, in the province of Jaen. Metklez 
Dames this among the towns of that country in which he knew the 
art of printing to have been exercised. 

QuevUUum, Quevilly, a town of France, in Normandy, near 
Rouen. Le Long notices a French New Teatament, printed here 
in 16*6. 

Q^inque EcclesitB, Fiinfkirchen, a large and populous town of 
Hungary, seated on the side of a ridge of hills, near the river 
Drave. It was erected into a bishopric by king Stephan in 1009^ 
and Louis the First founded here an university in the year 1364, 
which however was dissolved in 15!£6; from which period Fiinf- 
kirchen was unknown as a place of education until 1694, when 
the Jesuits founded a college, which grew into much repute- 
See BrighCa Travels. 

Quitoa, Quito, the capital city of the kingdom of Quito, in 
Spanish South America. It is a bishop^s see, and had two univer- 
sities ; one of which was founded by Philip the Second of Spain, 
in 1586, and belonged to the Jesuits ; the other was in the hands 
oi the Dominicans, I have met with no satisfactory account of 
the introduction of printing into Quito. At present (18S4) a 
newsp^ier is r^ularly published in the dty. 

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RA. ass 


Bacdmrgum, Ratzebourg, an ancient town of Denmark, in the 
ducby of Lauenburg, fcumerly a bishop's see. Prindng was re- 
spectably carried on here in 1670—1676, by Nichdas 'ii\gxa,G^f./Jr 
who in the latter year executed a treatise " Upon the genuine 
** Unicorns,^ written by a phyddan nained Pmd Sackaius, who 
appears to be throughly zealous in the cause which he espouses. 

ilocAoKuta, (qu ? the name of a college of Jesuits in the island 
of Salsette, olT the coast of Bombay P) A work in the dialect of 
tbe Canuy islands, by Didaata Ribeiro, was printed here by the 
Jesuits, in the year 16^ : another, of the date 1640, occurs in 
tbe Biblioiheca Scriptorum Sotf. Jeau, [a copy of which is in Mr. 
Marsden's collection ;] as also a third, dated 1668. Some others, 
by Antonio de Soldanha, a Jesuit, printed in this college in the 
year 16dfi, are mentioned in the " Bibliotheca Lusitana.^ 

Racavia, Racow, or Rakow, a town of Lesser Poland, in the 
palabnate of Sendomir, erected in ld69 by John Sieninius, pala- 
tine of Podolia, for the reception of a sect of Unitarians or Sora- 
nians: he named it Rakow, the Polish word for a crab, from the 
annorial bearings of his wife. His son James subsequently en- 
larged the town very much, and added a school or college, and 
increased the printing-establishment. From the press of this 
town a vast multitude of books composed by Unitarians issued, 
until the year 1638, when, by a decree of the state, the society 
was entirely broken up, the professors and scholars were ejected, 
. and the school and press destroyed. The first who carried on 
the bunness of a printer here was Alexius Rodccki, who had for- 
merly printed at Cracow; his earliest known book is a Poliah 
Nem Testament, dated 1577: he was succeeded by Sebastian 
Stemacius, under whom the press flourished exceedingly. Almost 
all the Socinian books executed at this place, are, from the nature 
of the contents, and from the disperuon of the sect, of a very high 
degree of rarity. It may be observed, that some books are found 
bearing the imprint Racffoia, with a date posterior to 1638 : but 
all these were printed elsewhere, for the Socinian press was never 
revived at Racow. 

Roland Caatk, in Monmouthshire, was anciently a place of 
much strength and magnificence, but has been in ruins since the 
days of Oliver Cromwell. It appears that a press was once 
worked at this place: a book is extant, called, A CoBeetkm qf 


as6 RA. 

lo^ StmgSt Poena, &c. §aid to be privately printed at Bagland 
Castle, in 1750. 

Roffiisium, Ragusa, a lai^ town of Austrian Dalmatia, strongly 
seated on a peninsula on the Adriatic : it was fonneriy a place of 
great trade, and is now the chief town of a district and the see of 
an archbidiop. 

The earliest notice of typography exercised at Ragusa appears 
to be that of a pamphlet by Mitkael BociffnoUug upon the war 
with the Turks, which is announced in a London Catalogue as 
bearing the imprint Ragtiai, with the date 1524. I have not seen 
it : Panzer knew uT nothing printed in this town ; nor do I recol- 
lect any book of an earlier date than 1667. 

Rangoon, a large city and seaport of the Burman empire, dis- 
tant 670 miles S. E. from CalcutU. 

The English Baptist Missionaries are said to have possessed a 
printing-establishment here for some years past ; which had the 
good fortune to escape the fire which laid waste that town in the 
yeu- 1814. In 1816 a press and types which had been presented 
by the Baptists of Serampore to the American BapUsta were set up 
at Rangoon, and early in 1817 Mr. Hough the printer executed a 
*' Summary of Christian doctrine" in 7 pages, and a " Catechism** 
of 6 pages ; 1000 copies of the former and 3000 of the latter woA. 
Also in the same year 1817 the Gospel t^St. Matthew, translated 
into the Burman language by Mr. F. Carey, was printed at Ran- 

Ratiaatwn Lemovicum, properly desi^ates Raiz, a village near 
Limoges, though it is usually taken for the dty itself. See 

RATISBONA, Ratisbon, or R^ensburg, an annent city of 
Bavaria, seated on the Danube ; it is the capital vS the principality 
of Ratisbon, and an archbidtop's see. 

A Liber MUaaUs sectindum Breviorium chart eccleaia Ratu- 
bonensia was printed here in the year I486, by John Sensenach- 
midt and John Beckenhaub, who bad been summoned from Bam- 
bei^ by Henry, archbishop of Ratisbon, for the express purpose 
of printing this book for the use of his church. No other volume 
is knoton to have been executed here during the XVth century, 
but Panzer dtes one which he judges to have been printed either 
at Bunbei^ or Ratisbon ; it is a Breviart/Jbr Ratisbon, dated in 
the subsequent year I486. 

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RA.-RE. 237 

Ravenna^ an andent and well-knowD city of the east of Italy, 
in the States of the Church. 

Priotjng was exercised in this city at least so early as 1680 ; in 
which year was printed here a Hittory of Ravenna by Tomm, a 
copy of which ediuon was in the Pinelli hbrary. In the following 
year 7^ ttatuia of the military order of St. George were exe- 
cuted at Ravenna. 

Jtavetupurgum, Ravensburg, formerly an imperial city of Ger- 
many, now belonging to the kingdom of Bavaria. — 1626. 

Reaie, Rieti, an ancient episcopal town of Italy, situate in the 
pope^s dominions, ^n Italian Paraphrate of the Odet of Horace 
was printed here in 1679. 

Recanetum, Recanati, a small town of Italy, in the marquisate 
of Anoona, near Loretto. — 1606. (Bodl.) 

REENEN is the imprint of a Dutch book printed in the 
XVth century, without date or printer's name : it has been de- 
cided to mean " Reinen, a town in the Venetian territory i" but 
more probably deragnates Rbmen {Rketia), a town of Holland, 
seated on the Rhine, in the province of Utrecht. The title of the 
work in question is, Dot Leeven ende die passie ende verheamnge 
der B. Magtt Sinie Ktmera, die in die ttadt van Reenen ia 
Jautinde, mit haer Tekenen ende Mirdkelen. — Gheprent m die 
itadt Reenen. Visscher however, according to Panzer, reads te 
koop, instead of gheprent, in the colophon, so that it docs not ap- 
pear quite certain whether the book really belongs to Rhenen <^ 
not. No date or printer's name is affixed to this curious article, 
the only one which acquiunts us with the typography of this 

Reginohradedam, -Kcmigingratz, a strong town of Bohemia, 
seated on the Elbe ; the ca[Htal of a circle, and a bishop's see. 

Printing appears to have been practised here in the XVIItfa 
century : Victorinus Wrbensky executed at Koni^ngratz a work 
entitled AntUome Sacra Scriptttr<B, typis Martini Kleinvechter, 
in the year 1618; and Jo. W. Cslestinus, archdeacon of the 
fiace, printed here a Bc^emian tnuislation of a work by Henry 
Lanceht, in 1625. 

Regiomona, see Mona regiua. 

REGIVM, Reg^o, a large and fine town of Italy in the king- 
dom of Naples, delightfully situated on the straits of Messina : it 
is the see of an archlHshop. 

It was generally supposed that typography was introduced into 


ass BE. 

Beggio by two brothers, Bartholomieus and LanrKitiiis de Bru»< 
chis, whose first production was the Grammar o/" Nuf. Pervttus, 
fini^ed in the year 14<B0 : but the indefatigable researches <^ De 
Rossi have brought to light a rude and utterly unheard-of Hebrevc 
work of earlier date, namely, a Commentary on the Pentateuch by 
S. Salomon Jarchi, the colophon of which distinctly states it to 
have been printed at Reg^o, by Abraham ben Garton ben Isaac, 
in 1475. It is a small folio of 115 or 116 leaves, in the Rabbinical 
character, rude, having neither ugnaturea, numerals, nor catch- 
words, &c. De Rossi, the first to discover and describe this extrsr* 
<H^nary volume, was also the possessor of the only known copy 
of it, which (as has been mentioned) for a long time disputed with 
the Arba turim from Piobe del Sacco, the hiMiour of being the 
earhest known printed Hebrew book. Saotander contends, that 
the Hebrew work above cited is the only one claimaUe by Rc^gio 
in the Neapolitan territory, the others having been printed at 
Reggio (^Regivm Leptdi) a town in the duchy of Modena. Id 
Lancelot Pasius'' work, De litteratwA non vu^ari, printed at 
Ref^po in 1504<, the town is de«goated R^um GalUei togattB .- 
in another, R^iuta jEmilite; in a third, Regium Longobardiai 
all which belong to Reggio in Modeoia, although Panzer has 
mixed the productions of the two towns together. It does not a^ 
pear that much printing was carried. on at Reg^ during the 
XVI th century. 

REICHENSTEIN, a smalt town of Germany, in Silesia, dis- 
tant about MX miles &om Glatz. [or, posmbly, Berg-Reichenstein, 
B town of Bohemia.} Neither Panzer nor other biblic^rapbers 
mention the existence of a printing-establishment here ; yet Mr. 
Beloe adduces plausible reasons for believing that a work entitled, 
IHaiogus inter Hugonem, Catonem, et Oleverium, miper liberate 
ecdesiaslicd elahoratus, which is cited by Panzer as being with- 
out name, date, or place, was executed in this town : be cites a 
copy in the possesion of Mr. Wodhull, at the end of which is 
found Rychensteyn, 1477. See Beloe's Anecdote*, vol. v. p. &T1. 

Remi, Rhemi, or Durocorturum, Rheims, an ancient and c^- 
brated city of France, in Champagne. It is the sec of an arch- 
bishop, who is primate of France ; and formerly possessed on uni- 

Some English Roman-catholics, who had left this country in 
the early part of queen Elizabeth''8 reign, and had settled them- 
selves at Douay in Fhmders, being obliged to fly frtnn that town 


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RE.— RH. S89 

in the year 1578, repured, under the gaidance i^ Wm. Allen, 
(aftervards a cardinal,) to Rh«ms; where b^ng hospitaUy r&- 
CNved, in consequence of a letter of recommntdation written in 
their favour by the pope, they obtained leave to erect an English 
seminary, and soon began to furnish employment fur a printer. 
In ISSa they executed here the first edition of the Romish Eng- 
K«A vertion tftht New Tettament, at the press of John Fc^y, 
a printer of considerable note in the town, who lived at the sign 
of the Lion, where two years previously he bad published some 
pieces written by Lesly, titular luEJiop of Ossory, in favour of Mary 
queen of Scots. [John Fogay was succeeded by Simon Fogny, 
whom we find continuing the business in 1610.] 

Typography however had been earlier known and executed 
within this town ; some tracts executed here by Francois du Pr^, 
in the years 1577 and 1678, maybe seen in the library of Trinity 
coll^^, Dublin ; and the earliest Rheims book which I have yet 
seen is La kgende de Cfuirki, Cardinal de Lorraine, printed by 
Jacques Martin in 1576. But M. Van Praet acquaints us that 
the art was in use at Rheims for several years before this period ; 
by addudng a hook entitled Coustumea generales du BaiiRage de 
Vcrmandini, printed by Jacq. Bacquenois, printer to the cardinal 
of Lorraine, in the year 1557. A copy of this rare w<H'k, on vel- 
lum, is in the royal library of Paris. Also in the same year ap- 
peared both a French and Latin edition of " Officium S- Tresani, 
" S. Gumberti, et Berthee, curd et expentig Ijud. de Linange, 
" Aveniaci Monasierii AbbaHsstB," 8°. by the same. 

Bxvalia, {7'aBinnas,) Hevel, an episcopal town of the north- 
west of European Russia, the capital of Esthonia.-~1682. At 
present there are two printing-offices in Revel. 

REVTLING-A, Reutlingen, an ancient town of Germany, in 
the dominions of Wirtemburg. Printing appears to have been in- 
troduced into this town by. Johannes Othmar about 1489, in 
which year we have the Summa PisaneHa, and Breviarium Con- 
ttantiense, executed by him, with several other works, down to 
the close of the century ; but nothing during the next thirty-six 

RHEDONES, Rennes, an andent episcopal city of France, 
formerly capital of Bretagne. Printing appears to have been 
ali^tly cultivated in Rennes in early times. Panzer names only 
two bodes executed here during the XVth century, viz. in 1484 
and 1485, and a nn^e one in the year 1524 ; in the last of which 


840 RH— RI. 

the printer, Jo. Baudoyn, styles himself Primus et tmicus Cako- 
graphu* et impreuor ejmdem civUatu. I remember no other 
Rennes book anterior to 1622. 

Rhetiaaii Typit. Bodts beEuing this imprint, about the year 
1618 &c. were executed at Leyden. 

Rhydychen, Oxfcml is so called in Welsh books. See Oxonia. 

Chateau de Rkhdieu, a small town and castle of France, near 
Tours, erected by cardinal Richelieu, in 16S7- The cardinal esta- 
blished a private press here in the year 1640, from which several 
works, executed with great neatness, have proceeded, bearing 
date 165S, 1654, Sec. for a particular account of which see Peig- 
nofs Dictionnaire de BiMiol<^ie. 

Riga, a lar^ and opulent commercial town of European 
Russia, the capital of Livonia ; containing about 40,000 inha- 

Printing was exercised at Riga in the year 1638. The Lord's 
Prmfer, in forty languages, was printed here in 1662 (Le Long) : 
and the British Museum contains a JAvonic Teatament executed 
at Riga in 1685, and a lAvonic BiMe, m 1689. 

Rigiaaim Atrebatium, see Atrebatum. 

Rignavia. (qu. for Rhingavia, i. e. the Rhingau ?) A com- 
mentary on the proceedings of a council <^ the three estates 
holden at Blois on the 15th of Nov. 1576, was printed here in 
the following year by Jacobus Sterphen, which may be seen in the 
Bodleian library, and in that of Trinity coll^i;e, Dublin. 

Rinihelia ad Visurgim, Rintein, a town of Germany, in the 
county of Schaumberg, now belonging to Hesse Cessel. It for- 
merly possessed a small univernty, founded in 16S1, by prince 
Ernest of Holstnn. 

Typography appears to have followed closely the steps of this 
univeraty ; since in the very next year, 1622, we find the Lexicon 
critictim of J, R. Robbigius, bearing for imprint, Rintelii, nov. 
Acad. Ernest. 1622. It is however a volume which needs not be 
much boasted of, seeing that it is both miserably printed, and 
abounding in errata. — (TCD.) In the next year Peter Lucius 
styled himself printer to the univerrity of lUnteln : and at the 
same time appears a second printer named Ernestus Reinokingius : 
books by each of these, of the year 1623, may be seen in the Bod- 
leian library. 

Rio de Janeiro, a. large city of South America, the capital of 
Brazil, containing about 140,000 inhabitants. It is seated on the 



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RI.— RO. Ml 

river of the same name, at the bead of a bay, oKist advantageously 
dispoaed for conmierdal intercourse. 

The only instance of the typography of this aty which I have 
yet met with, is a ]»ece entitled, " Frojecto de Conatitui^ao paro o 
Imperio do Brasil &c. *' impresso na typc^raphia oacional do Rio 
** de Jandro, 18S4 ■,"" hut a Portttguete aad EngUah Grammar by 
Fratag, ifl aanounced in Catalc^es as printed in the yesr 1830, 
and the art was exercised at Bio certunly so early as 1818. 

BipOf liUpen, ot Ribe, an ancient city of Denmark, in Jutland : 
the see of a bishop. Printing was introduced into this town so 
early as IfiOS ; in which year a work by Kanatua, bish<^ of Wi- 
borg, was executed here by Matheus Brand. No other Ripen 
^ledmen is known. 

Ripa, Riva de TVento, ot Rieff, a small town in the aouth of 
the Tyrol, seated on the Lago di Garda, about seventeen milea 
from Trent : remarkable (or an extenrave manufactory of Jews- 
harps ! A Hebrew printing-office was at work here so early as 
1558, books from which, of the years 1558, 1659, 1560, 1561, and 
15638, may be seen m the Bodtoan library. 

Rivut Siccus, Medina de Rioeeco, an ancient but decayed town 
of Spain, in the province of Letm, distant fifteen miles from Pft- 
lencia. Antunio mentions printing here in 1618. 

Rochester, an an<nent city of England, seated <m the river Med- 
way, in the county of Kent. 

Tbe earliest instance of printing here, which I have met with, is 
The Kentish Jaj^e, or the Parliament sold to their best teorth, 4°. 
Bodiester. 1648. (Bodl.) 

JZocAmanow, or Roroaoof, a town of European Ruana, in the 
government ai Yaroslaf, seated on the river Vdga. 

Bachmeister affirms printing to have been earned mi here in the 
year 1619. 

Rogeasburg, an abbey of PrenKHistralenaan mtrnks, near Ulm, 

Rohan, a town of France, in Bretagne. — 168S. 

ROMA, Rome, the celebrated capital of Italy, once mistress of 
the world. 

This city, as might be expected, was early in admitting and 
cherishing in its bosom an art which promised such extraordinary 
advantages as typography, the knowledge and practice of which 
was amveyed to it by two enterprinng Gomans in the year 1466. 

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fUS RO. 

These men, Conrad Sweynhejm and Arnold Pannartz, whose ' 
names are familiar to every one acquainted with the earlier edi- 
tiottB of the clasncs, were the first to exhibit throughout all Italy 
the newly-discovered art of prinung, and under the auspices of 
pope Paul the Second set up their printing-establishment in the 
monastery of Subiacxi, in the vicinity of Borne. [For their 
labours, while they continued here, see the article SiMacense 
MoRaiiteriitfn.'\ After two years they removed into the city itself, 
and being received into the house of two noble brothers, Pet«r 
and Francis de Maximis, opened thcnr Roman typographical ca- 
reer by pving to the world, in 1467, an edition of Cicero's Epi- 
gtola ad FamUiares, which is the first book printed at Rome. 
Until the year 1473, they continued to supply editions of standard 
works, with an execution truly admirable, and a correctness which 
has been duly appreciated and proclaimed by the learned of all 
subsequent ages, having been fortunate enough to obtwn for al- 
most all their publications the revision <^ Jo. Andreas, bishop of 
Aleria, who not only corrected the press, but wrote the prefaces 
and dedications, &c. In the year 1474 the partnership between 
these two was dissolved, and from this time we hear nothing more 
of Sweynheym as a printer : he appears to have given himself en- 
tirely to the study of engraving, and to have died about 1478. 

Sweynheym and Pannartz were followed to Rome by Udalricua 
Gallus, or Ulric Han, who, on the last day of December in the 
same year, 14£7, published the Meditations <^Jok. de Turrecre- 
mat&, and continued his labours until the year 1478; in which, as 
Sema Santander observed, he closed his typc^raphical career with 
a repeated edition of the same work with which he had commenced 
it. The number of printers rapidly increased at Rome. In 1470, 
we find John Philip de Lignamine at work, who styles himself 
Scutifer to the pope. (Quiere, if it be the same office as De Gon- 
Jaioneriii, a title assumed by some other printers ?) In the same 
year we have Georgius Laver, whose printing-establishment was 
in the monastery of St. Eusebius; and in the next, Adam Rot, 
8ec. &c. Among the numerous printers who exercised their art in 
this city during the XVth century, the names of Leonard Pflugel, 
Windelin de WillA, John Schurener, £ucharius Silber, Stephen 
PUiQck, and Sixtus Riessinger, are those which are more generally 
known to the public. It is perhaps worth noticing, that the num- 
ber of works adduced by Paosor as printed at Rome from the 

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RO. 1243 

year 1501 to 16S6, is little more than Uiree hundred, while those 
vhi<^ were executed in the same city during the thirty -fiTe years 
preceding that period fitll very little short of a thousand, em- 
braciDg almost every department of literature. 

Roitchum, Ronco, a small town of the north-west of Iialyi dis- 
tant five leagues north from G^oa. The first volume of the 
Memotie recondite at Vittorio Siri was printed here in 1677: 
likewise a Latin work in defence of the noted Jo. Annius of 
Viterbo, in the swne year. 

Rondlio, Bonciglione, a small town of Italy, in tJie states of 
the Churdi. An Italian version of Ae Iliads by B, Tebaidi, is 
dted as having been printed here in the year 16^. 

Ronn^ntrgum, Ronneburg, a town and castle of Germany, in 
the principality of Altenberg, belon^ng to Saxe Gotha. — 1807. 

Rosa (Jonas) a printer of Fravkjbrt^ often omitted the name of 
bis town : he printed at the beginning of the XVIIth century. 

RoKhildia, Roschild, an ancient episcopal city of Denmark, in 
the isle of ZeaUnd, formerly the residence of the kings of Den- 
mark. Printing was introduced into this dty about the year 1634, 
and omUnued only until 1540. Two works, an edition of St, 
Paula Epistleg, translated by Erasmus, and Jo. Campemis' Pa- 
rapkraae on the Paedms and Ecdesiaatet, dated 1534 and 15S6, 
are given by Panzer. Le Long observes, that the former <^ these 
two books is of the highest degree of rarity. A copy of the first 
edition of the Icelandic New Testament, printed at Roschild by 
Hans Barth in the year 1540, in 1S°. is s^d to be in the library 
of the British and Foreign Bible Society, but unfortunately the 
title-page is wanting. A curious description, both bibliographical 
and historical, of this important volume may be read in the Appen- 
dix to " Henderson's Journal of a residence in Iceland,'" 8". 1818. 
Henderson appears to have seen a perfect copy, but does not men- 
tion where it b preserved. 

Roseau, now called Charlottetown, the captal of the ialaod of 
Dominica, in the West Indies. 

Wm. Smith, in 1765, was a printer at this place; and puhu 
lished a newspaper, entitled The Freeport Gazette, or. The Domi- 
nica Advertiser. 

ROSTOCHIVM, or RHODOPOLIS, Rostock, a large and 
fortified town of the north of Germany, in the grand duchy of 
Mecklenburg, having a small university, established in 1419- 


!14i RO. 

The only five specinieiis which remain of prinung at Rsotock 
duriog the XVth century appear to have been executed in a 
monastery, Per Jratrea pretfnterai et dericot amgregtUiomt 
dom&a viridU horH ad Sanctum Michaekm in Opido Rottock- 
centi. The earl'ieBt of these books is s Lactantius, of the year 
1476, which Panzer announces to be a volume of the highest 
rarity. A copy of it m^ be seen in the Bodlraan hbrary : and 
we learn from M. Van Fraet that another, printed on vellum, is in 
the imperial libraiy at Vienna. The same writer mentions that 
tbb monastery of St. Michael afterwards became an academic col- 
lie, but being almost consumed by fire, was in the year 1619 
converted into a. magazine of arms. We find the monks, how- 
ever, continuing thor typc^raphical labours in it at least until the 
year 1528. 

Rotenburgum, Rothenburg, a small town of the west of Gec- 
many in Wirtemburg, There are also several other towns in 
Germany bearing the same name : as Rotenburg on the Tauber, 
a town of Bavarian Franconia, seated on a mountmn near the 
river Tnuber. Printing was exerdsed here in 1677 by Noah de 
Millenau. The earhest date which I have observed attached to 
the simple imprint Rotenhurgi, is 16S7. 

Roterodamum, Rotterdam, a populous and commercial city of 
South Holland, seated on the river Maese. 

Printing was carried on here by Dierck Mullem, in the year 
1589, (TCD.) and 1590, (Bodl.) also by Johannes Lecniardi 
Berewout in 1616; who in that year executed the first volume of 
the Waldensia of BaUhasar Lydius. 

R0TH0MA6VM, Rouen, (in Portuguese books Ruan) a 
Jai^ and fine city of France, seated on the Seine ; it was the ca- 
ptal of Normandy, and is an archtn^op's see. 

Panzer doubts whether a book called Le lAvre couttounuer du 
pays et dache de Normcmdu, of the date 1483, were really printed 
here in that year ; if not, Lee croMcques de Normandie, executed 
in 14S7, by Guillaume le Twlleur, is the eariiest known q>ecinieD 
c^the typography of Rouen. 

Rotwila, Rotw^, a small town of Germany, in Wirtembuif;, 
seated on a height near the river Neckar. 

Printing was carried on in this town early in the XVIIth cen- 
tury, by Joh. Maximilian Helmlin ; who in die year 1606 exe- 
cuted here the Fortalitium Fidei, t^ Jo. Loridiius ; the titlfrfege 

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HO.— RU. a« 

of which IB neMly decinated, and its reverse exhilntB an el^ant 
woodcut of the arms (^ the Inshop of Constance, to whom the 
wuric is dedicated. — (Bodl.) 

Saveredoy a condderable town of the Austrian states in the 
TynJ, seated near the left bank of the river Adige. 

An Italian work of Tariarotii, printed here in the year 1749, 
was in the Finelli library. 

Savetia, a small village ntuate on the Bummit of Mont Freso- 
lano, near the city of Bei^amo in Italy. In the Rome eruydo- 
pidique for 18!i0 it is announced that M. Fantini had recently 
erected a printing-press at Rovetta, iar the purpose of publishing 
under hts own immediate inspectitm a curious edition of the Di- 
vina Comme^a of Dante. 

Soviiio, (qu : Rovigno, a connderable town of Austrian Italy ? 
or Rovigo, a populous town of Austrian lUyria, on the coast of 
Istria?) An edition of TAe works of Petrarch was printed here 
in 1574. 

RVBEVS MONS, Rougemont, an abbey of Benedictines, in 
a town <^ the same name, near Chatillcxi-flur-Sane, in Burgundy. 
According to P^gnot, (Diet. tom. ii. p. 442,) printing was carried 
on here by Wurceburg de Vach, one of the monks, in 1481. 
Peignot however enters into no particularsj and Panzer takes no 
notice of the matter. 

Mudolphoitadiam, or Radotttadium, Rudolphstadt, a well-built 
town of the west of Germany, in the county of Schwartzburg, on 
tbe river Saale. 

Typography was exercised here by Christopher Eusebius Ta- 
litscli, io the years 1664 and 1666. I have also seen books bear- 
ing for imprint RttdolphipolU, and RhudolphopoHa, but whether 
these were executed at Rudolphstadt, or at Rudolphswerd, (Ru- 
dofyaverda,) or at srane third place, I am unable to deode. At 
" Rudolphipolis'" have recently been printed some very neat little 
volumes in 24". having the pages of eadi ^circled with a border 
printed in red ; the printer's name is Froebel. 

Ruien in JAxHand, fi. e. in Livonia, a province of Russia.) A 
small volume, containing the Lords Prayer tn one hundred and 
^iy lamguages, edited by Gustavus Bergmann, bears the above 
imprint, with the date 1789. 

Rup^ia, Bochelle, an ancient and populous seaport town of 

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846 RU— SA. 

France, of connderable trade and eminence, in the department of 
Charente inferieure ; it ia also a biahop^s see. 

The art of printing was exercised at Rochelle by Bartholomew 
Berton in 1564 and 1566, of which latter year a curious book 
may be seen in the library of Trinity college, Dublin, entitled L« 
grand Rouiier pilotage, et encrage de mer, written by Pierre 
Garcie: the woodcuts in this work are rude but interesting. The 
first ediuon of the Newi Testament in the Basque tongue was 
printed here in the year 1571 ; a copy of which valuable and rare 
volume is found in the library belonging to the univerwty of 
Leyden. There is a second copy in the Bodleian, but unfortu- 
n^ely the Utle-page is supplied by manuscript : it is a very small 
thick octavo of more than 600 pages, printed in a good clear 
Roman letter: the title of it is, "Jesus Christ Gure Tatmaren 
" Testamentu Berria,"" 4^. RocheSan, Pierre Ifautin Imprimi- 
qale, 1571. On the title are engraved the arms of the queen of 
Navarre, through whose zealous exertions in the cause of religion 
this translation into the fiiscaian dialect was made, and who also 
caused the catechism and prayers used in the church of Geneva, to 
be translated and printed at Bochelle. See the History of Thu- 
anuB, book 51. This excellent princess died in the next year, 157S. 

Rt^fortium, Rochefort, a seaport town of the west of France, 
in the department of Charente inferieure. 

Printing was carried on at Rochefort at least so early as 1714, 
in which year a. French work on the great men who have died 
" en phusiasant," was printed here. — (TCD.) 

Ruremonda, Ruremond, or Roermond, a connderable town of 
the Netherlands, seated at the conflux of the Roer and Meuse ; 
it is a bishop''s see, and was the birthplace of the well-known geo- 
grapher Gerard Mercator, — 1620. 

Ruiheni, or SegodMnum, Bodez, an ancient and large town of 
the south of France, seated on the river Aveiron. It is a lM^op''8 
see.— 1627. 


•9adaria,atown of Hungary; either Sarvar, or Szombatel, three 
leagues distant from the former; each of which is seated on the 
river Gunz. 

Sainaneta, or Savioneta, Salnonetta, a populous town cS Aus- 
trian Italy, formerly the capital tS a principality. 

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From De Rosei, who has written a specific treatise on the He- 
brew printiDg-estabUshment for which Sabioaetta has long been 
famous, we learn that its origin is to be ascribed to the year 1551 ; 
that it was carried on chiefly in the house of Tobias Foa, a wealthy 
Jew, who was assisted by Jacobus Tedesco Patavinus and several 
other persons: that Tedeaco was corrector and editor, and Jacob 
ben Naphthali Cohen the printer: that it continued to work, with 
some interruptions, until 1590: that at length it was put down 
by authority, on account of the intemperate and improper lan- 
guage used in some of its productions: that the types were car- 
ried to Venice, and there used for an edition of the Bible in 1615 
and 1616. De Rossi observes that this press reached its height 
of perfection in the year 1553, while under the direction of a cele- 
brated printer named Adel-kind, who had been sent for from 
Venice to undertake the management of the establishment at 
S^onetta. He enumerates thirty-four editions which issued 
from it between the years 1551 and 1590, the earliest of which, 
and first specimen of the Sabionetta typography, is a Commentary 
an Deuierotiomt/ by R. Isaac Abarbanel, consisting of one hun- 
dred and forty-six leaves in folio. De Rosn states this edition to 
be one of the rarest books any where to be met with. [A copy of 
it is in the Oppenhamer collection, now deposited in the Bodleian 
library.] He gives to the productions of this press generally the 
merit of being original and genuine editions, as well as that of 
great neatness of type and execution, declaring that almost all of 
them are scarce, and ddigently sought for by collectors of books. 
Several of these Sabionetta volumes, some of them printed upon 
vellum, may be seen in the Bodl«an library. 

Ststobrii, Setubaiia, also Catobria, or Cetobrica, Setuval, or 
St. Ubes, an ancient and strong seaport town of Portugal, in 
Estremadura, beautifully »tuate at the extremity of a bay, about 
525 miles south of Lisbon. Its population ie said to be 14,000 

Saganum Silena, Sagan, a conaderable town of Prusnan Si- 
lesia, seated on the river Sober. It is the chief town of a duchy, 
and cantons woollen and linen manufactures. 

In the years 16S9, 1630, &c. the celebrated K^p/er publidied 
bere some Ephemeridet, which perhaps may have been the earliest 
attempts at printing in the town of Sagan ; as the colophon to 
bis book sutcs, that tbe printing of it was commenced at Lintz, 


a4« 9A. 

and finished at Sogen. It was executed in the ducal printing- 
office, which (as we learn tram one of Kepler''B dedicadons) was 
erected at the beginning of the year 1680.— (TCD.) 

It iq>pears that Kepler had been living at Lintz, where he had 
publi^ed several of his works ; but when, in the year 1627 or 
1628, some'dvil conuDotioos overthrew the pnnting-establishinent, 
and compelled the printer to fly, he began to look out for some 
qiuet place of reudence, where he might proceed with bis celes- 
tial observations. At this conjuncture he found a friend in Al- 
bot duke of Friesland and Sagen, who granted him a house and 
Ml annual pennon, and likewise promised him a press : he took 
up his rendence at Sagen in the month of July 1698. He had 
previously purchased a supply of types, figures. Sic. with which 
his former Ephemeris had been printed, and these he brought with 
him : his press appears to have been furnished to him before the 
close of 1628. He continued here until his death, which took 
l^ace a few years afterwards. 

iSoffium, Seez, or Sais, an anoent dty of France, in Ncr- 
mandy, the see of a Inshop. — 1731. 

Sahoffttn, a small town of the north-west of Spain, in the pro- 
vince of Leon, possesnng ao ancient and magnificent abbey of 
BenedicUnes. Mendez remarks that typography has been exer- 
cised in this town, (most probably within the walls of the abbey 
abovemen tioaed . ) 

Samt-Mandi. A private printing-press was erected in 1660 
by the superintendant Fouquet, at his country seat of Saint 
Mand4 which I suppose to be in France, 

Salcovia, see Sokovia. 

SaUm, a city oS Massachusetts, the capital of Essex county, in 
the United States : said to have been the spot first fixed upon by 
the small number of persons who became the founders of the co. 
lony of Massachusetts : its original name was Nehum-kek, This 
was the third place in the pronnce of Massachusetts, into which 
typography found its way. The first printing-house in it was 
opened by Samuel Hall, a 'printer from Newport, in the month 
of April, 1768. One of his earliest productions was 7^ Easem 
GoMtte, which aj^>eared in August of that year. A second press 
was erected in the town in 1774. 

Salemwm, Salerno, an anaent archi^iacopal aty of the kiog- 
d<Hn of N^es; possessng an univernty which has l«)g been &- 

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8A. 249 

■nous for ibe study of medidne, and wboae work, entitled B^^ 
•wn aanitaiu SiAoUe SaiemiIan<Ey wu extremely popular, and 
appeared in numberless editions, during the XVth and XVIth 

Salicetant, La Saussaye, a town of France. Printing was ex- 
ercised here, m coU^to Salieelano, in 1646. 

SaiintEf Salins, a ctwsiderable town of the east oi France, for- 
merly in Franche Comt^. According to a statement made by 
the French bibliographer Peignot, printing was earned on here 
at so early a period as the year 1486; but the pcunt perhaps 
would admit a little further investigatioo. 

SaJinffiaatm, is interpreted by Panz^ to mean Solingoi, a 
town of Prusman Westphalia, m the river Wipper. Panzer 
makes mention of a work by Johannes Eckius, which was printed 
here in the year 1538, at the press t^ Joannes Soter, who had 
at the same time a printing-establishment at Col<^e, but who 
executed at Solingen several works c^ a description which ren- 
dered too hazardous their publicaUon in the former city. A copy 
of Eckiiu, as also two controveraal tracts of Alardut Amatelre- 
domtUy printed at Solingen, in the year 1539, may be seen in the 
Bodleian library. 

SaUsimrgum, Saltzburg, an anoent and strong city of the 
Austrian em^ure, the capital of a province : it is an arcblndiop'a 
see, and formerly possessed an university, which in the year 1810 
was converted into a lyceum. — 16S0. (Bodl.) 

SaBodium, Salo, a town of Austrian Italy, in the district <]f 
Bresoa, on the bonks of the Lago di Garda. Two works are 
mentioned by Panzer, printed here in the year IfilT: namely, 
some commentaries on Duns Sootus by Lydtettua, a Brescian 
mmk : I have observed no other Salo book. 

SALMANTICA, Salamanca, an ancient, beautiful, and po- 
pulous cAj of Spain, in the province 4^ JLeon. It is a bishop^a 
see, and has a very celebrated univerrity, which was transferred 
hither from Palencia in the year 1404. 

Typography was introduced into Salamanca in the XVth cen- 
tury ; and there is reason to believe a book entitled Iniroductiones 
LatiniE by Antonitu Nebrvaenna, printed in the year 1481, to be 
the first production of the press of this city. Mendez announces 
that a copy of this previously-undiscovered book exbts in the royal 
Ebrary of Madrid. A second edition ttf the same work was 

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850 SA, 

pnoted in the eubsequent year (1482), which is found in the 
library of the Brchbishop of Toledo. The art seems to have been 
continued without intermission from that time; yet it is a little 
remarkable, that out of more than twenty books, executed here 
in the XVth century, which are ^ren by Panzer, not a single 
one has the name of any printer affixed to it; and the only per- 
Bons who are named as exercising the art at Salamanca are Leo- 
nardo Aleman, Lupo Sanz de Navarra, and Antonius de Bar- 
leda: nor do the names of these occur in any publication prior 
to the year 1406. To those of the years 1601— 16S6, may be 
added the following, as neither the book nor name of the printer 
appear to have been known to Panzer: Aristoidls pkiloiopkia 
naiwalis (iW.) cum commentts Petri a Sptnosa. Excus. in alma 

acad. uDiv. Salmanbcensis per Rodericum de Caatanedfi. 

Anno 1535. fol. This volume is in the Bodleian library. 

It would appear that during the XVIth century some of the 
well-known Junta family transported themselves from Italy, and 
carried on the printing-business in Spain. From books now in 
the Bodleian library we leani that Juan de Junta printed at Bur- 
gos in 1535, at Salamanca in 1547 and 1555; and Philip de Junta 
at Burgos in the years 158S and 1593. 

Salmurium, Saumur, a beautiful Rnd considerable town of 
France, in Anjou, on the southern bank of the river Loire. 
Printing was exercised here in 1582. — (TCD.) 

SALVTI^, Saluccs, or Saluzzo, a populous town of the Sar- 
dinian states, in the north-west of Italy, capital of a district, seated 
on an eminence near the Fo. It is the see of a bishop. 

Panzer knew not that printing had been carried on here during 
the XVth century, hut gives 1503 as the date of the earliest book. 
The Bodleian library however contains a volume executed here at 
a much earlier period; of which, as it is an edition unnoticed by 
FahriciuB, and not mentioned (so far as I can learn) by any bib- 
liographer, I shall submit a description rather more detailed than 
usual. The book in question is an editum of Persius, in folio. 
On the recto of the first leaf we read, AVLI PERSII FLACCI 
SATYRARVM LIBER, and on the reverse of Mgnature b. iv. 
ImpreaauB SaiuHis arte et impensis Martini de Lavaile. Cor- 
reclusque ac emendatus diliffenii operd egregii magiatri Johania 
Gattterii rectoria Scholarium Salucienaium. Anno Domini 
M.CCCC.LXXXI. die x. /'efiruorit. Peruus is foUowed by m 

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SA. £61 

■EpifUe of St. Bernard, whidi fills the two remiuning leaves <^ 
this sheet, having for colophon, Fintt Epistoia Sancti Bernard* 
ad laudem Dei. Fitiu. Tlie volume is printed in a Gothic type, 
whidi, both in capitals and small letters, resembles that of the 
Boeihiue printed at Rnerolium in 1479 ; it shews also the same 
inequality of setung up. The large initials are inserted by hand, 
not by the press : it contiuns signatures a, b, in sixes, and each 
page connsts of thirty-five lines. The printer, Martinus de La- 
valle, appears to be Uie same who in the year 1488 executed two 
books at Pavia, for which see Panzer, torn. ii. p. S54. The Bod- 
leian volume has at least the merit of exceeding rarity. 

Samakaida, or SmaktUdia, Smalcald, the chief town of a dis- 
trict of the same name in the west of Germany, belonging to 
Hesae-Cassel ; memorable for the Articles and the Protestant 
X^eague concluded here in the year 1531. 

Le Long mentions that printing was exercised at Smalcald in 
1574, and notices a very rare edition of The Psalter translated 
into Latin verse, in/ Maurice, Landgrave t^ Hesse, printed in 
1590; a copy of which curious volume was lately sold by auction 
in the library of professor Te Water of Leyden. 

Samarohrina, see Ambiani. 

Samielum in Lotharingia, qii. what town ? Le L<Hig notices 
editions of ihe Latin Testament printed here in 161S and 1614; 
in which latter year Franciscus du Bois, calling himself typo- 
grapher to the duke of Lorraine, executed at Samiel the Phrases 
poetics at M. Fwtdanua, a copy of which b in archbishop Marsh's 
libraiy at Dublin. I cannot say much in favour either of the 
press-work or paper of this small piece. Two years later how- 
ever, viz. in 1616, the same printer sent forth a volume of very 
different style; namely the Paalterium Monasticum, a folio in 
large black and red types, with musical notes ; the whole of hand- 
some appearance, and bearing for imprint, Sammieli, in Monat- 
terio SojRCti Michaelis^ i;c. 1616. 

Samplai en las PhUtppinas. This occurs as the imprint of a 
book dated 1745, which is cited by Dr. Robertson, in his History 
of America : in all probability it is the same place with Sampa- 
loc, or Pueblo de Sampaloc, situate on the south-western extre- 
mity of Lu^D, one of the largest of the Philippine islands. A 
Chronicle by J. Fr, de S, AtUonio, bearing fM imprint, impresso 
el Convento de N. S. de Loreto del Pueblo de Sampaloc, and 

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dated 17SS, occun in the curious catitlogue of don J. A. Conde, 
(London 1824,) where is also mention c^ a second publication 
from Sampaloc, of the year 1760. A Grammar of the Pampanga 
Diaieci, by D. Bergamo, is sud to have been printed here in 
1736. In the Bodleian library is a Hiatoria de lot lalas Philip- 
pinaa, written by an Augustin friar named Jo. Martinec de Zu- 
niga, bearing for imprint, Impreao en Sampaloc, por Ft. Pedro 
Anguellea de la Cotueption rdiguao Francisco, ano de 1808. It 
is a handsome quarto volume of 687 pages, on silk paper, pro- 
bably manufactured on the spot. 

In Aduarte's Spanish " History of the Dominican province of 
** the Philippines, Japan, and China,'' folio, Saragossa, 169S, it is 
sud that prindng in the Philippine islands was invented and intro- 
duced by Juan de Vera, a converted Chinese : it is evident ther& 
fore that the art was practised there during the XVIIth century, 
al^iough I have not yet ascertuned the exact rime, nw met with 
any volume of so early a date. 

SaTicianum, an island off some part of the coast of China ; or 
(qusere) Song-kiang, a large <nty which is seated on the intersec- 
tion of several canals, in the province of Kioog-nan. There is a 
volume in the Bodl«an library, of Chinese typc^iraphy, which^ 
from its subject, no less than its appearance, may well be judged 
to have been printed in this island. The title is, Rela^ eeptd- 
turcB inagno Orientia Apoatoh S. Frtmcitco JCavierio era:ta m 
iituiUA Sanciano : Anno ateculari 1700. 8°. pp. €9. It contains ao 
engraved map, and a grouod-^lan. 

Sanctandreana Officina, It may be noted, that books whidi 
are found bearing the imprint apud Petrwm Sanctandreonum, or 
ex ogkinA SanciandreanA, without further designation of place or 
printer, of the years 1575 && for upwards of twenty years, were 
executed at H^elberg ; rither by Peter Sanctandreanus, or by 
H. Commelin, who appears to have succeeded to his bunness in 
or about tJie year 1589, and who continued for some time to uae 
indifferently the imprints apud Commelinum, and av officind 
Sanctandreand, prefixing also the same vignette (of 7Vu^) to 

Sangeorgiana Ogicina, qua»% where? Hooks (without place) 
<^ the year 1634 &c. occur with this imprint. 

Santa Martha, a city of South America, lately capital of the 
Spanish prorince of Santa Martha, in the kingdom of New Gra- 

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SA. iss 

nada. It was founded by the Spaniards in 1M4, is seated on tlie 
river Guaira, and has a good harbour. 

In the year 1^8 a newspaper was in course of publication in 
this town, but was discontinued in the ensuing year. 

Santioigelium, St. Angelo in Vado, an episcopal town of the 
popedom, ntuated in the duchy of Urbino. The bishop possessed 
a printing-establishment here in 1664. 

Santiago, a lai^ handsome city of South America, ca^tal of 
the province of Chili. It is an archbishop's see: conuuns an uni- 
ver^ty and a mint, and near 50,000 inhabitants. 

In the year I8S5 there was a printing-press at Santiago, and in 
1826 oflirial and periodical publications were issued ,/9twi too ^f- 
Jireni preases in this town. In 1827 no fewer than ten periodicals 
were published at Santiago. 

St^iia, Saphct, or Sa^, a small village of Palestine, situate 
m the pachalic of Acre, near the western bank of the take of Ti^ 
berias ; where some time nnce was an Arabian collie and univer- 
nty, irith synagt^es, &c. for the education of Jewish rabbis. 
Mascb, in his Appendix to the Bibliotheca aacra of Le Long, 
mentions an edition ot the Book <^ Daniel in Hebrew, which was 
printed here in the year 1563 ; likewise an Ecclesiasteg, executed 
in 1678. Safad was almost destroyed by an earthquake in the 
year 1759, nnce which period its institutions have languished, and 
it has become a poor and miserable village. 

Sarepta, is the name of a [ucturesque town of Calmuc Tartary, 
seated on the river Wolga, not far from Czarizin. A settlement 
was formed here by the Moravians in the year 1765 ; to which all 
the materisb requisite for a printing-establishment were despatched 
from England, by the British and Foreign Bible-Society, in the 
year 1808. This flourishing ccdony has recently been almost en- 
tirely destroyed by a fire. 

Sarot-FiUakon, or simply Patdkon, Saros-Patak, a conNderable 
town of the north-east of Hungary, on the river Bodrog, Print- 
ing was exercised here in the years 1653, 1654. — (Bodl.) 

Sataaris, Sassari, a conaderahle city of the island of Sardinia, 
the see of an archbishop. Printing was carried on here in the 
year 1640. 

Savannah, a post-town of Georgia, in the United States of 
America. James Johnston, a Scotchman, introduced printing 
into this town, in the eariy port of the year 176S. 

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264 SA.— SC. 

SAVILLIANVM, Savtgliano, a strong well-buUt town of 
Piedmont, capital of a province of the same name. 

Two books are remaining, which Panzer judges to have been 
executed here during the XVth century, viz. a Manipultu Cura~ 
torum, and the Specidnm of Rodericus Zamorenna, both by the 
same printer, Christopher de Beggtamo, a native of noble family, 
who had for his associate John (xlim. Ndther of these bookg 
bears a date, but the year 1470 or 1471 is attributed to them by 
Panzer. After these two, we hear nothing more of the typography 
of Savigliano. 

Savumeta, see Sainotteta, 

SAVONA, Savona, a large mariUme town in the north-west of 
Italy, in the territory of Genoa. 

A single volume attests the early use of printing in this town, 
namely, Boethiua de corudatione PhUoMpkiai, which bears for im- 
print, Imprest, in Savona in amventu S. jtvgustmi, perjrairem 
Bonam Johannem, emendante Venturino Priore. Anno 1474. 
This is as it should be ; the monk worked at the press, and the 
prior corrected the sheets. Panzer adduces the book on the au- 
thority of P. Laire, who affirms that he saw it at Rome in the 
Museum of pope Pius the Sixth. No other copy of it is known 
to exist. Nor have we any thing more from the press of Savona 
[unless an edition of S. Auguttint Con/issionet, printed by Jo- 
annes Bonus in 1475, which Panzer quotes among the Afilan 
books, (voL ii. p. SS.) be given to Savona] except one single 
volume on natural history, of the year 1324, a copy of which was 
in the library of the late ^r Joseph Banks. 

The Savoy, in London, was formerly a magnificent palace, 
erected in the reign of Henry the Third: it was subsequently 
converted by Henry the Seventh into a hospital, which was sup- 
pressed by queen Elizabeth, and its remains converted into pri- 
vate lodgings, barracks, &c. &c. Some printing-presses were 
worked within its precincts during the time of the Common- 
wealth ; and so late as 174S H. Lintot printed law-books here. 

Scala Dei, a Carthusian convent of this name, is set down by 
Mendez among the Spanish places which at some period or other 
possessed and exercised the art of printing. He ^ves us however 
no farther particulars. 

SCANDIANVM, Scandiano, a small town of luly, in the 
duchy of Modena, Four books printed here during the XVth 

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SC. 855 

cmtury are nstned b; Poozer ; the earliest of whicli, a Latin ver- 
sion (^Appiati's History, was executed by Per^rinus PaBquali, 
a well-knawn printer of Venice, in the year 1435. No further 
notice is takeo of printing at Scandiano during that or the suc- 
ceeding century. 

Scaphuna, or Schqffhtmum, Schafi^ausen, a trading town of 
the north of Switzerland, on the Rhine, cajntal of a canton of 
the same name. The town took its rise from a neighbouring 
abbey which was erected about the middle of the Xlth century. 
Printing was carried on at Schaffhausen in 1593. (Bodl.) 

Scarci, or Skara, Skara, an ancient town of the south of 
Sweden, in West Gothland, fonneriy the capital of the kingdom 
of Gothland. Although much decayed, it is still the see of a bi- 

A printing-press was erected here by hiahop Jasper Suedber- 
^us, in the year 1707, and Andreas Kiellbergius, from Upsal, was 
the first printer. This press having been consumed in the terrible 
fire which l^d the t^ty in ruins, on the S3d of August 1719, its 
owner obtained a royal brirf for collecting money towards its re- 

SCHEDAMVM, or Sciedtanum, Schiedam, a considerable 
town and harbour of South Holland, near Rotterdam, noted for 
its numerous and extensive distilleries. 

Two books of the XVth century executed here, remain : one 
of which, I^e Soman de Chevalier Delibere, in French verse, 
printed in 1483, was formerly in the Gaignat collection; the 
other is a lAfi of St.IAdjtnme, a reli^ous virgin of Schiedam, 
written by John Brugman, rector of a convent at St. Omer; the 
date of this last is 1498. No further printing is noticed here 
during the XVth or XVIth centuries. 1607. (TCD.) 

Schemnitium, Schemnitz, a populous and picturesque town, and 
a place of considerable importance, situate in the mining district of 
tlie north-west of Hungary, noted for the extent of its works, and 
the high character of iis mining school. — 1796. 

Schleusitiga, sometimes called Silusia, Scbleusingen, a small 
town of Germany, in the county of Henneburg, on the river 

Printing was carried on here in 1609 ; and in 1687 the mem- 
bers of its academy had a printer of their own. 

Schlichtingtheitn, a town of Prussian Poland, in the palatinate 


SS6 SC. 

of Posnan, not far from FreyBtadt ; it was the property of the 
barons Schlichting. Printing was first established here by Chris- 
topher Wilde, about 1680 or 1690. 

Svhneeberga, Schneeberg, a town of Saxony, distant seveo 
miles from Schwarzenburg, noted for an extensive manufacture 
of smalt.— 1725. 

SCHOENHOVEN, or Schoonhoven, a strong town of the 
Netherlands, in South Holland. 

A Breviarium secundum ordinem Trajecteruis Ect^eaia, to- 
gether with seven other religious books, are adduced as having 
been printed here from 1495 to 1500. No printer's name is a^ 
fixed to any of them ; they appear to have been executed within 
a convent atuated extra muroioppidi Schoerthovienait. No notice 
occurs in Panzer of printing carried on at Schoonhoven later 
■ than the XVth century. However, in archlnshop Marsh's library 
at Dublin we meet with an el^ant and rare volume, entitled 
Breviarium Canonicnrum regularium tecundum ordinarium Co- 
pUtiii de Windexim, which bears for imprint, ad graiiam et ho- 

norem exaratum gecundario "est hnc present Breviarium 

—Anno SaluHe M.CCCCC. V W. in projttio *>orii7ito*M Jf^una- 
nis Baptist(Bej^-a murraoppidi SchoeTiJtovienMS partis Hallandia, 
apud Canonicos regtfJares Ind^nhem. The book is a thick quarto^ 
on good paper, and well printed. The larger initials, and all the 
rubrications, are coloured by hand. Ou the title-page is a large 
woodcut of a bishop (perhaps St. Austin) sUnding within a 
shrine or temple, and holding in one hand a crozier, in the other 
a pierced heart. The pages are not numbered : the agnatures 
are irregular: the volume contains 304 printed leaves. AfW 
this, I have seen no Schoenhoven book earlier than 1660. 

Schrattentalt a town of Austria, distant thirty-tliree miles from 
Vienna. Panzer adduces a nngle book printed in this place, 
written by Michael FVanoM de Insvlit, which bears the imprint, 
Schratenial m Austri&y with the date 1501. A copy of it is said 
to be in a library of Frandscans at Vienna. 

Schuol, a town of Switzerland in the Lower Engadine valley, 
in the country of the Grisons. It is memorable for having pro- 
duced the first edition of the Romanesche, or Grison BiHe, which 
was printed in the year 1657, and is an exceedingly rare hook. 
[Coxe,however, in his" Travels in Switzerland,''aaagn8l679 as the 
o Tbe firrt editioa bad been printed here in 1499- 



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SE. 257 

date of its publication.] The second edition of this Bible, fur- 
nished with a new preface and observations by \. Da Porta, was 
a]i» printed at Schuol In 1743, in folio. Of this last a good copy 
may be seen in the Bodl^an library. 

Schwabach, a manufacturing town of Bavarian Franconia, 
in the prinapality of Anspach, where a colony of French Pro- 
testants settled, on the revocauon of the edict of Nantes. — 

Sdavoa? A Hebrew work printed h«>e in the year 1784 is 
announced in the Catalogue of the library beltrnging to the Lon- 
d<Mi Sodety for promoting Christianity among the Jews. [Quaere 
whether ther^ be some mistake in the announcement?] 

S. Sthaatiani Fanum, (or Oppiduntf) St. Sebastian, a fortified 
and contdderable dty of the north-east of Spain, the cajntal of 
Guipuscoa. — 1674. 

Sedanum, Sedan, a strong town of the north east of France, 
formerly in Champagne, now capital of a department ; it is po- 
pulous, and has manufactures of woollens, and also of fire-arms; 
and once was the seat of a Protestant university. 

At this town were printed some very diminutive volumes, well 
known to coUectors of books by the name of Sedan editiotu : the 
Vh-ffU, dated 1626, the Horace of 16S7, and the Greek Teata- 
fnent of 1628, are, I believe, all of this kind which are at present 
known. The earliest Sedan volume which I have seen is in the 
library of Trinity college, Dublin, dated 1589. 

Se^num, see SUtinum. 

Segdna, see Segovia. 

SE60BRICA, Segorbe, an ancient episcopal city of the east 
of Spain, in the province of Valenda. 

A nngle volume now testifies that typography was ever exer- 
aaed in Uiis cuty, entitled, Cotutihitiones jn/nodales, composed by 
Bartholomew Marti, cardinal and bishop of Segorbe. The date 
of it is 1479, but no priDter''s name is given. See a reprint of 
this edition, noticed under the head of XERICA. Mendez, 
however, takes no notice of any printing executed at Segorbe 
during the XVtb century ; and La Sema Sontonder treats the 
above named edition as apocryphal. 

SegoduRum, see Rutheni, 

Segon^a, or SegwOum, Siguenza, an andent tnty of Spain in 
the [woniice <tf Guadalaxara, in Old Castile. It is a tnsbop''s see. 

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858 SE. 

and possesfled an univeruty founded in 1441 by cardinal Xime- 
nes, but which was suppressed in 1807. 

The art of printing was very respectably exercised at Siguenza, 
by Johannes Grationus in the year 1575, and by Joannes Iniguez 
a Lequenca, a printer from Alcala, in 158S. (Bodleian.) 

Segovia, or Segdbia, Segovia, an ancient and strong town of 
the interior of Spain, in Old Castile ; it is also a bishop's see, and 
is adorned with a magnificeiit Roman aqueduct. Printing was 
carried on at Segovia, by Juan de la Cuesta, in 1588 and Ifi^. 

Selestadium, Schelestadt, or Schlettstadt, formerly an imperial 
cay of Germany, in Alsace, now belon^ng to France, in the de- 
partment of the Lower Rhine. 

Printing was introduced into this dty so early as 1518: and 
twenty-four bodes are ^ven by Panzer, all executed by the same 
printer, Lazarus Schurerius, between the years 1518 and 1526. 
The last of them, LamentaMonea Germanicet naikmu, published 
during the religious controversy which then prevfuled, bears the 
disguised imprint, aptid inclytam Ance civitatem Lactophi^omf 
ubi plurea vigent Lutherani. I have met with no later Schlett- 
stadt books. 

SEN^, or S^NA, Sienna, an anrieut and fine city of Italy, 
in Tuscany ; the capital of a province : it is an archbishop's see, 
and has an university, which was founded or restored in 1S87. 

The earliest known dated book from Sienna is a Lecture of 
Franciscui de AccdUs de Aretio, printed here in 1479. Hen- 
ricus de Colonic et Socii were printers in this dty, whose names 
first appear on a work of the year 1484. 

Sena GaBica, or SenogallUt, Sinigaglia, an andent city of Italy, 
in the duchy of Urbino, the see of a bishop. — 1694. 

Sendomiria, Sendomir, or Sandomir, a town of the south of 
Poland, seated on the river Vistula ; it formerly was the capital 
of a Palatinate of the same name, and the re^dence of the court ; 
but of late has fallen much into decay. Printing was carried on 
here for some years previous to 1740. 

Saumeg, Sens, an andent and considerable town in the interior 
of Prance, in Champagne, lately an archlnshop's see. 

The earliest spedmens of Sens typography are perhaps, a vo- 
lume entitled Coutumeg de Sent, small 4to, executed by Gilles 
Richeboys, in 1563 : an Aniipkonariut ad usum Senonentia Ec- 
deaifs, in large folio, printed by Frands Girault, in the ye«r 


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SE. as9 

1554; co{Hes of which, upon vellum, are described by M. Van 
Praet; who subjoins to them a ituTd,v'ix. Evangeliorum liber tic. 
pnnted b; j^gidius Richebois, in 1561, also on vdlum. All 
these rare hooks are in the royal library of Paris. A second edi- 
tion of the Couiwnet, in ISSG, also on vellum, is in the Bodleian. 

Serampore, a town of Hindostan, in Bengal, pleasantly seated 
on the banks of the Hoogly river (one of the streams of the 
Ganges) about fifteen miles to the north of Calcutta. It was a 
settlement originally founded by the Danes, about the year 1676. 
The Enghsh Baptist missionaries, who entered India in ihej year 
1793, not being permitted to fix themselves within the territories 
belonging to the East India Company, obtiuned leave to re^e in 
the Danish settlement of Serampore, where by the close of the 
century they bad firmly and completely established themselves. 

In the year 1800 these zealous men, having procured a print- 
ing-pressP and types from Calcutta, commenced their industrious 
and memorable typographical career mth an edition of the New 
Testament in Bengalee, the first sheet of which was worked 
off on the 16th of May in that year. The first page of St. Mat- 
thew's Gospel had been taken off for a specimen on the 18th of 
March. The edition consisted of SOOO copies, 1700 of which 
were printed on Patna paper, and 300 on paper brou^t from 
England. 500 extra copes of St. Matthew's Gospel were struck 
off, for immediate gratuitous distribution. 

Their labours proceeded with unabated and uninterrupted ar- 
dour ; as may he collected from the following notices taken from 
their annual Reportty and occa^nal Memoirs of Translations 
of the Scriptures. 

In 1801, Feb. 7th, " we this day finished the composing of the 
" Bengalee New Testament, which had occuped nine months, 
*' keeping two compositors and four pressmen at work.** 

In the same year the Old Testament was put to press. 

180S. Feb. 1. They b^n a pamphlet by Cunninghame, " On 
" the Evidences of Christianity." 

180S. They printed several fneces for the college of Fort Wil- 
liam near Calcutu. 

p TbU pren hud been pnrebued Id September 1798 by Dr. Carey, and wm at 
fim eonrtjtd to hi* rMidenco at MndiiBbsttE ; biit 1 do not find tliat ■d}' uie wn 
made of it prerioailj to the remoral of the miMioDario from tliat ttation to Seraoi- 


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1803. in August they b^n a new ediuou of the New Testa- 
ment, con^sting of 1500 copies. 

1803. December 14th, they write that " we have it in our power, 
** if our means would do for it, in the space of about fifteen 
" years, to have the word of God translated and printed in 
"aUthe languages qftlu eattT 

1801. in January they are about to erect a second press. 

— — in April they are in possession of a type-foundry. 

they agree to print ten thousand extra co|nes of St. Luke, 

the Acts, and Epistle to the Romans. 

they begin to print with Naguree types. 

1805. They possess three presses ; a new printing office, and a 
book -binding office. 

— — They begin to print the New Testamrat in the Mahratta 
language, and finish St. Matthew's Gospel in December of 
this year. 

1807. They were engaged in translaUng the Holy Scriptures 
into eleven languages, six of which were actually at press : 
namely Bengalee, Sangskrit, Ooreea, Hindostanee, Mahratta, 
and Persian. 

1808. On the 28lh of Jan?, in this year, Serampore was taken 
from the Danes by the English. 

1809* The " Second Memmr on Translations" acquiunts us, that 
they had finislied the Bible in Bengalee, in five volumes, 
also a third edition of the New Testament in Orissa, 1000 
copies. Also the some in Sangskrit, 600 copies. By this time 
they had cast seven founts of type in different languages. 

1810. They finished an edition of 1000 copies of the New 
Testament in Hindee, in quarto. Also 1000 copies c^ the 
Mahratta New Testament in 8vo. The New Testament in 
Punjabee. St. Matthew and Sl Mark, in Chinese. A pam- 
phlet in the Burman language. And in December of this 
year they commenced the important undertaking of a^^ifr- 

1811. The " Third Memoir on Translations" states, that they 
finished the Pentateuch in Sangskrit, 600 copies ; and two 
volumes of the Orissa Old Testament, 600 do. At this period 
they possessed types in the Mahratta, Burman, Telinga, and 
Sedc characters : and had produced paper of a quality which 
the worms did not attack. 

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SE. S61 

1812. On Wednesday the 11th of March their pnnting-house 
expeiienced the awful vLsitatioD of a 6re i which consumed 
seven hundred reams of English paper expressly seat out for 
the Tamul and Cingalese New Testaments. Everything in 
the office perished, except the six pretsea which were in a 
side-room. Altt^ther two thousand reams of English paper, 
worth five thousand pounds, were lost ; also founts of 
type in fourteen languages (be^des English) together with 
the cases, impoung stones, brass rules, chases, and all other 
furniture. Printed books perished to the amount of dOOO 
rupees ; and manuscripts of the value of 7000 rupees : the 
total loss was not under seven thousand pounds sterling. 
Nine editions of the New Testament, and five of the Old 
Testament were stopped by this accident. But providen- 
tially no human life was lost in the calamity, and no man's 
health was injured. The important matrices were saved, and 
the paper manufactory was nut damaged. The missionaries 
not dispirited speedily returned to their work ; they recast 
types from the metal which the fire had melted ; so that by 
the month of June six out of twelve veruons of the Scrip- 
tures were again in progress. 

The " Fourth Memoir'" states, that in June nine ver^ons of 

the New Testament had been printed : and, in November, 
that translations were then going on in eighteen languages. 
In December they drew up a peUtion to be presented to the 
king of Burmah for permission to erect a press in bis dty of 

1813. They had recast eleven founts of type. By the 19th of 
February they had finished an edition of the Tamul New 
Testament, con»sling of 5000 copies. In March they men- 
tion their want of more prettea, and state themselves to be 
prinUng in thirteen languages. In August they are trans- 
lating in twenty languages, and priming in fifteen of them. 

The " Fifth Memoir^ of this year states, that they were 

printing estensively for tlie Calcutta Bible Sodety. In De- 
cember they were translating in twenty-one languages. Hav- 
ing received permission from the viceroy of Burmah, they 
send a press and printing materiats to Rangoon. 

1814. The press arrives and is erected at Rangoon. The 
" Sixth Menunr'" announces, that they have finished a fourth 


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86S SE. 

edition of the Bengalee New Testament, of 5000 copies : 
and a second edition of the Hindee New Testament, of 4000 
copies. They were at this time translating and printing in 
twenty-one languages. They erect a paper-miU on thar own 
premises : which however, from the deficiency of water, they 
are compelled to work entirely by horses, and boast that they 
are now able to piint the Scriptures cheaper than an equal 
quantity of letter-press could be executed in England, bdng 
enabled to afford an octavo copy of the New Testament, of 
660 pages in a fur type and on durable paper, for a single 
rupee (value two shillings and sixpence.) 

1815. They leam that by accident the types destined for 
Rangoon had perished, but the press was still preserved. 

1816. In November of tins year the Rangoon printing-oflice 
was opened. 

1817. St. Matthew*s Gospel was printed in the Bunnan lan- 

1819. The annual report states, that they have thirteen presses 
at work. 

18^. The " Seventh Memoir on Translations'" thus speaks : 
" The labour of twenty years has formed a printing-esta^ 
** blishment, comprising seventeen presses and workmen uf 
« every description ; and the value of it in reducing the ex- 
*< pence of a version is by no means i neon dd enable. To 
" this is now added the advantage of a paper-manufactory on 
" the spot. The importance of this to the diffudon of the 
" Scriptures throughout India has been long felt: it is in 
** vain to expect that the Scriptures can be printed in suf- 
" fideut quantity for exten»ve distribution on paper brought 
" fifteen thousand miles : the expence will fall too heavy on 
" the Christian public. The paper.>&rwiCT-/y made in India 
" became quickly a prey to worms : but a perseverance for 
** twelve years in attempting to produce a superior kind has 
" been so successful, as lo produce a paper equally imper- 
" vious to the worm with English paper, of a firmer tex- 
" ture, though inferior in colour." 

This p^>er is stated to be made from the tun (Crotoleria Jun- 
cea). The Memoir adds, that they now had published the 
entire Scriptures in five languages, and the New Testament 
in fifteen. That they possessed twelve different founts of 

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type, bendea several of the Deva-Naguree character, and one 
of Persian ; and that another, of Arabic, was in preparati(»i. 
The missionanes declare themselves to have expended, in 
various experiments for the production of paper, including 
a steam-en^ne and a paper-mill, full fifty thousand rupees : 
and in the paper-manufactory, and in forming the various 
founts of types, scarcely less than agfat thousand pounds 
1831. They Bnish a sixth Bengalee New Testament, of 6000 
copies; a second lyony^aAri^ N. T. of 4000 ; asecondofthe 
Hiiidee, of 2000 copies; one <^ the Orissa N. T. of 4000; 
and one of the MahraUa. 
ISSSL The " Sighth and Ninth Memoirs'" mention, that at the 
close of this year they had printed the New Testament in 
twen^ languages besides the Chinese: also that they had 
finished the entire Chinese Bible, with moveable metallic 
types, printed on paper forwarded from China to Calcutta. 
18S8. Notice occurs of the press erected at Fort Marlborough 

near Bencoolen. 
18S4. It is mentioned that a lithographic press had been for- 
warded to Bencoolen, for the purpose of printing the Scrip- 
tures in Javanese. 
18S6. Notice occurs of a lithographic press having been sent 

tome years ago to Batavia io the isle of Java. 
It is gratifying to learn that an establishment so diligently and 
perseveringly carried on continues to flourish at the present day : 
and that printing, both scriptural and miscellaneous, is now exe- 
cuted on an extended scale in this mis«on collie of Serampore. 

Serezana, Sarzena, or Sarzina, a small but ancient town of the 
north-east of Italy, in the Genoese territory, formerly a bishop's 
see.— 1607- 

SerravaSis, Serravalle, a small town of the north-west of Italy, 
in the duchy of Milan.— 1604. A history of the Inquisition in 
Italy, by Paolt Sarpi, was printed here in the year 1638. 

Serveata, Zerbst, a town of the interior of Germany, formerly 
capital of the small principality of Anhalt. It was the birth- 
place of the empress Catharine II. of Rusna. — 1583. (Bodl.) 

Sevenbergen, a small inland town of the Netherlands, in the 
pronnce of North Brabant. 

Printing was carried on here in 1683. — TCD. 


264 SH.— SK. 

Shatonee-town, in North America, is beautifully Htu&te on the 
western bank of the river Ohio, near its junction with the Wa. 
bash. Formerly it was a village of Shawnee Indians, but having 
been deserted by them was occupied by the white gettlers. 

Although BO lately as 1808 there was not a single house on the 
ground, the town now contains about one hundred, several of 
which are substantial and handsome. Among other conveniences 
of civilized life, sa markets, a post-oiSce, bank, &c. Shawoee- 
town now possesses two printing offices. 

Shelbume, a town of Nova Scotia, in North America. A. and 
J. Robertson first established a press here in 1783. 

Sigena Nassavice, Siegen, a town and coBtle of Prussian West- 
phalia, near to the town of Herbom. Printing was exercised at 
Siegen in the year 1696 — 1698 by Christopher Corvinus, who 
appears in 16E^ to have transferred himself and lus btisiness to 
Herbom.— (TCD) 

SUasia, see SchUuMnga. 

Singapore, a large and populous town ntuate in the Peninsula 
of Mi^acca; originally founded by settlers from the isle of Su- 
matra, and containing at present about 16,000 inhabitants. 

In the year 1819 the London Mis^onary Society formed an 
establishment at Singapore, and in 18S3 the Anglo-Chinese col- 
lege was removed from Malacca to this place. In the same year 
the missionaries brought a printing-establishment from Calcutta, 
and commenced their labours by working ofif a Siamese version of 
the Book (^Genesis. 

SkalhoU, is a small town of Iceland, which from the year 1067 
to that of 1797 was the see of a bislK^. 

In the year 1685 the printing-establishment of Hoolum was 
transferred to this place, through the influence of the bishop 
Theodore Thorlakson, but was restored to its ancient seat in the 
be^nning of the XVIIIth century. During the continuance of 
the press at Skalholt, forty-one publications issued from it ; hut 
few of them, in all probability, have been seen within these king- 
doms. One however, and that not very unlikely to have been the 
earliest, is preserved in the noble library of king George the 
Third, namely, a P»alm-bo6k, (or Graduale,) printed in the year 
1686; it is an oblong octavo : and the library of the British and 
Foreign Bible Society contains a Harmony qf the Gospels, in the 
IceUndictongue, of the year 1687. Mackenzie, who in his Travels 

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SL— SM. 265 

through Iceland makes mention of the printing-establish meats of 
the island, has omitted all nodce of this ancient one of Skalholt. 

SLESVICVM, Sleswick, an ancient and lai^ city of Den< 
mark, capital of the ducfay of Sleswick. 

A ffliigle early volume bears the imprint of this place, namely, 
Jiiataie secundum Ordinarium et rUvm Ecdesite SksvUxTiMS, 
printed at Sleswick in the year 1486, by Stephen Amdes, who at 
the same time had a printing-office in Lubec, and in all probability 
iras sent for by the monks for the purpose of printing the above 
Missal for their use. See the same occurrence under the articles 
HerbipoKt and Ratitbona. I do not remember another Sleswick 
book of an earlier date than 1591. At present there is (or was 
in 1881) a printing-establiebmeot carried on here by the pupils of 
a deaf and dumb school : it appears to be an excellent method of 
employing such afflicted individuals. 

Skfoanka qu P Henderson in his " Biblical Researches in Rua- 
" sia,^ mentions an edition of the Slavonic Bible, printed here in 
the year 1766. 

ShvilOf a small town or village of Rusuan Poland, distant 
about forty miles fnmi Ostrog. 

Henderson, in his " Researches in Russia," describes an edition 
of the Hebrew Pialter, in 8vo. which had been printed at Slovita, 
but does not name its date. 

Sittckum, Sluuske, or Slucze, a large and populous towit of 
Russian Lithuania, in the government of Minsk, where was for< 
merly a flourishing Calvinistic school. 

Typt^raphy found its way to Slucze in the XVIIth century : 
the earliest book now known is dated 1674. 

Smyrna, a large and commercial rity of Asia tJUmm, seated at 
the head of a bay in the Grecian Archipelago. It has been cele- 
brated from the most ancient times, and clmms to be the birth- 
pUce of Homer. 

Of the seven churches named in the Apocalypse, this alone has 
preserved its consequence to the present period. While the other 
six have become either miserable villages, or mere heaps of un- 
disUnguishable ruins, Smyrna continues to be a large, populous, 
and wealthy place, the emporium of commerce, and resort of all 
nations of the earth. 

How early typography was known in this city, I have not di». 
covered ; having heard of no spedmen older than the year 1658, 

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266 SN.— SO. 

when the Jews possessed a printing-establisfanieDt here : books of 
the years 1668, 1659, 1660, 1674, 1680, 1740, 1744, &c. are in 
the OppeDh^mer collection at Oxford. 

Siiagof) or Syiioguphu, a monastery, ntuated in the midst of 
a lake, near to Bucharest the oqntal of Walbichia. A printing- 
establiahment was erected here by Anthimus, archbishop of Wal- 
Uchia, aod amply supplied by him with Arabic, Greek, and Illy 
rian types. Schnurrer, in hb BUiUotheca Arabica, notices a 
Greek and Arabic Mmal, executed here in the year 1701. The 
volume was pnnted at the expense of John Cunstantine Bessa- 
raba, the waywode of Wallachia, and by him gratuitously distri- 
buted to the Araluao priests. Schnurrer states it to be tolerably 
well printed; notices its b^g a book of extreme rarity in Eu- 
rope, but he himself had chanced to pick up a copy for a small 
sum, at a public auction in Leipac. 

Soest, see Suaatum. 

Solcovia, or Salcovia, Zolkiew, a town of Austrian Poland, ten 
miles north of Lemburg. A printing-office was established here 
by the Jews in the XVIIth century, which was still at work in 
1740, and was at that time the only Jewish press throughout 
Poland. The earliest book noticed is of the year 169%, the printer 
of which was named Uri Ueibs. It is in the Oppenh^mer col- 

Soleure, sometimes spelt Saleure, (anaently Salodurum,) a town 
of the nonh of Switzerland, capital of the canton of Soleure } as- 
serted by local tradition to have been founded in the days of 
Abraham ! According to the Pinelli Catalogue, some [ueces of 
J. B. Bousseau were printed here in the year 1718. 

SolUbacum, or SuUzba^um, qu. Sulzbach, a town in the king- 
dom of Bavaria ? or, another in Wirtemberg ? — 16S7. 

Sedna, (qu. Sdbna, Solms, a small town of Germany, in Wet- 
teravia ? or Sdino, (or ZHina,) a small town of Hungary ?) — 1703. 

SONCINVM, Soncino, a small but strong town of Austrian 
Italy, in the duchy of Milan, in the Cremonese. 

This town is sufficiently known to the learned by the labours of 
its celebrated Hebrew printing-office, established in the XVth 
century, from which issued in 1488 the editio princeps <^ the en- 
tire Hebreic Bible, on which so much has been written by critics 
as well as bibliographers. The first production of the Soncino 
press, as determined by De Rosd, the best posdUe authority in 


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so. 867 

these matters, is a Treatise of the Tahnud, entitled, BerachoA, 
with commentaries, &c. printed in 1484. De Kos» himself pos- 
sessed a copy of this very rare book, printed upon vellum. 
[and a ^milBr one is in the Oppenhamer collection.] The 
printer is Joshua Solomon ben Israel Nathan, who appears to 
have been the head and leader of that illustrious firm whose 
members subsequently established themselveB at Naples, Brescia, 
Fano, Constantinople, and other places, under the name of ^on- 
cinaiesy <x JrfUret de Sondno. Of the famous Bible of 1488 
Panzer knew of no more than nine copies in exbtence, one of 
which may be seen in the Bodleian library, and a second in that 
al Exeter college, Oxford. These copies, as Dr. Dibdin observes, 
are the only ones known to be in England ; and, according to the 
same authority, France does not possess a single copy. Mr. Van 
Fraet, however, mentions twelve copies upon paper, and one 
upon veUtim, which mor9eau he beheves to be remaining with 
the representative of the Soncino family, now living at Milan. 

Sonderthusa, Sondershausen, a town of Upper Saxony, chief 
place of the prinripality of Schwartzbu^. Le Long cites a He< 
brew and Latin grammar by Chriitionus Lebrecth Felt, (a con- 
verted Jew,) printed in this town in the year 1697 ; as also a 
German Bible printed in 1709. 

Sopromum, Soprony, or Oedenburg, an amdent, populous, and 
manufacturing town of Lower Hungary, on the frontiers of 
Austria.— 1687. 

Sora, Soroe, a small town of Denmark, in the isle of Zealand. 
Here was an ancient school, which Christian the Fourth erected 
into an university, in the year 162S. A second foundation by 
the Baron de Holberg in 1747 having failed in course of time, 
the univernty was placed on a new and enlarged footing by the 
king, in the year 1882. Printing was in use at Soroe in the year 
1627. George Hantschenius, printer to this university, was pro- 
moted to the post of typographer royal of Sweden, in the year 

SORA, or SORIA. There b conaderable difficulty in asngn- 
ing the ipiace at which some few Hebrew books recently dis- 
covered by De Rosn were printed. They bear for imprint, 
HMC^Hl' but biblic^^phers are not yet agreed in determining 
whether these letters denote Sora, a town in the kingdom of Na- 
ples; Soria, a considerable city of Spain, in Old Castile; or 


268 SO. 

txar, a small town in the kingdom of Arragon, distant about 
twelve leagues from Saragossa. Four books are at present known 
bearing this imprint, the dates of which are from 1485 to 1490, 
the earliest of them being R. Jacobi ben Aacher Sepher Orach 
Chaiim. The printer names himself Eliezer ben Alanta. The 
types of all seem to be entirely similar, and from the general cha- 
racter and appearance of the volumes, De Rossi, whose experience 
must give the greatest weight to his opinion, judged them to be 
of Spanish or Portuguese, rather than of Italian, execution. 

BATIA SORETHANA, Schussenried, a famous monastery of 
Frfemonstratenses, in the diocese of Constance, on the confines of 
Suabia and Switzerland, founded in the year 1188. 

A thin and exceedingly rare volume, contaiaing a Latin Comedy, 
entitled Gracchua et Puliacena, by Leonardus Aretinus, has been 
found, bearing for imprint, In monasterio Sortth. Anno Domini 
M. quadringenteaimo septuageaimo octavo: which is the only 
notice we have of the art of printing having been carried on in 
this place. With the Comedy has been sometimes bound an 
edition of Terence, without date or imprint, but which agrees so 
entirely with the former as to leave no doubt of its having been 
executed at the same place. I do not know that any other 
volumes exist of a character perfectly similar, but Panzer assigns 
both of these (among several other works) to some unknown 
printer at Strasburg. Unfortunately I have not met with a sin- 
gle one of the other volumes named by Panzer, but I can clearly 
perceive the resemblance to the types used in the well-known Acta 
et decreta in Synodit Wurceburgensibiu, ann. 14fi3 et 1453, as 
pointed out by him, although the setting-up and general appear- 
ance of the volumes are totally dissimilar. Copies of these rare 
books may be seen in the Bodleian library, and likewise in the 
collection of earl Spencer. 

Soieropoiis, qu. St. Sauver, the name of three or four small 
towns of France ? A Discourse by Henrian S'itachiut, who it sp- 
pears removed hom Leip^ either to Ascania or to Dessau in 
Saxony, bears the imprint Sotert^oli typia Dbrfferianis, 1612. — 

Southwark, a borough in Surrey, on the Thames, oppoate to 
the metropolis, of which it may be conudered as forming a part. 

Peter Treveris is the earliest printer whose press was established 

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in Southwark; his first mnaining book is of the year 1514, or 
perliapB 1516. Treveris' publicaUons are seldom met with. 
James Nicholson likewise began to print here about 15i)6, fr«n 
whose press we have an Engliah Bible, some Nete Testaments, 
with several other books executed during that and the two follow- 
ing years, a list of which may be seen in tlie typographical anti- 
quiues of Herbert and Dibdin. 

Spa, a well-built town of the Netherlands, in the province of 
Li^e, famous ff>r its medicinal springs and baths. — 1789- 

SPIRA, Spire, an ancient city of the west of Germany, seated 
on the Rhine; formerly it was the capital of the bishopric of 
Spire ; but now belongs to Bavaria. At one of the sittings of the 
German Diet, holden at Spire in the year 1529, the reformers 
gained for themselves the name of Frotesunts, by a Protest which 
they entered against some proceedings of the emperor Charles Vth. 

The earliest known specimen of the typography of SfAre is a 
PottiSa Scholastica super Apoadypsin et Canttca Canticorum, 
executed here without any printer's name in 14^. The first 
printer mentioned is Peter Drach, but his name does not occur on 
any volume anterior to the year 1477- Drach continued his 
labours until the year 1502. 

Spoletfim, Spoleto, an ancient city of Italy, in the pope's domi- 
nions, capital of the duchy of Spoleto : it is the see of a bishop. 
Printing was exercised at Spoleto at least so early as 167S: a 
History (^the city, printed there in that year, having been in the 
I^nelli library. 

Stdbiee, Castel a Mare di Stahia, a seaport town of Naples, 
near the ruins of Pomp^. — 1656. 

Stambul, (i. e. Constantinople,) see ConstantmopoUs. 

Stargardia, Stargard, an inland town of Pomerania, pleasantly 
seated on the river Ihna, about twenty-one miles to the S. E. of 
Stettin. The art of printing was exercised in this town at least so 
early as 1777. 

Statio, or Stada, Stade, an ancient and strong town of Han- 
over, o^tal of the duchy of Bremen. Caspar Holwein was a 
printer at Stade in the year 1661. — (TCD.) 

Sleinavia, Steinau, a small town of Prussian Silena, in the 
jaincipality of Wolau. Wigandus Funccius, a printer at Lesna, 
removed his press to this town, where he executed the art for 
aome short Qme preceding the year 166S. 

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Steinberg : there are three towns of this name : one of Lippe, 
in Westf^aJia; another of Coienburg, in Lover Saxony, ne&r 
Minden ; and another of Erzgeburg, in Upper Saxony. Panzer 
does not mention the art of printing as having been exercised 
at any of them. That however one or other of these places 
practised the art at an early period is evident from two German 
tracts existing in the Bodleian collection of pieces relative to the 
Reformation ; one of which, mtitled £^ mieaive von M. Lvther 
an Harttmut von Cronberg, professes to have been executed at 
Steinburck, in 1593 ; the other, Vom aiten und nettwten Gotgiau- 
benu7tdleer,'iiaBtheimpnat,Sleinbur^durch WdffKo^el. 1523. 

STEINENSE MONASTERIVM, appears to have been a 
religious establishment in the immediate vicinity of Gouda in 
Holland ; at which place, according to the statement of M. Box- 
homius (p. 45), books were executed by the monks during the 
XVth century. 

Steinfurtutn, or Stene/brdium, St^nfurt, a small town of Prus- 
nan WeBtphalia, on the river Aa.— 1604. (TCD.) 

StekeUnirg Arx, Steckelhurg, a castle in Eranconia, the seat of 
an ancient family named Hutten, and birthplace of the well- 
known Ulric Hutten, the correspondent of Erasmus and warm 
advocate cS Luther. 

On occasion of his cousin John having been murdered by Ulric 
duke of Wirtouburg, Hutten composed several [neces, in ]Ht»e 
and verse, severely reproachihg the tyrant with his cruelty. 
These, by reason of their contents, he caused to be printed under 
his own inspecUon, and within the walls of his own castle. Toge- 
ther they form a small volume, which, as it is of very rare occur- 
rence, I shall describe at length. 

The tide-page expresses '* Hoc in volumine hiec conUnentur, 
" Ulrichi Hutteni Equ. super interfectione propinqui sui Joannis 
" Hutteni Equ. Deplwatio. Ad Ludowhum Huttenum super 
" interemptione filii Consolatoria. In Ulrichum Wirtenpei^o- 
<< sem Orationes V. In eundem Dialogus, cui titulus Phalaris- 
*' mus. Apologia pro Phalarismo, & aliquot ad amicos E[n- 
" stolte. Ad Franciscum Gtdliarum regem epistola ne causam 
*• Wirtenpei^n. tueatur exhortatoria. 
" Ad lectorem. 

" Res est nova, res est atrox & horrenda, dispeream ni^ Ic^isse 
" voles. Vale." 

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ST. «71 

The reverse of the leaf coDtainB a metrical address to the 
reader. The " Deploratio,"" in verse, is prefaced by a letter to 
one of his relatives. The volume closes with another metrical ad- 
dress to the reader, and on a separate leaf is the following colo- 
phon: Hoc Ulrichi de Hutten Eqitit. Ger. InvecHvarum cum 
aKu quibuidam in Tyranmmt Wirtempergefuem opus eavu^an 
in Arce Stekelbark, anno M.DJCIX. 

It is a small quarto, conUuning sgnatures A—~Z. a — c. the 
paper and press-work good, with flowered initials and two lai^ 
woodcuts. The types much resemble those used at Basle about 
this period. A copy is in the Bodleian library, and another in 
that of Trinity college, Dublin. 

SteUa Navarrorum, Estella, a small town of Spain, in Navarre, 
on the river Ega, having an univer^ty. According to Antonio, 
printing was carried on here in 1541. Le Long notices a work of 
the date 1557- 

Siendalia, Stendal, a considerable town of the Prussian states, 
formerly the capital of the Old Mark of Brandenburg. Printing 
was carried on here by Andreas Gussovius, in the year 1671. 

Stetinum, or Sedinum, Stettin, a large and fortified town of the 
Prussian states, seated on the river Oder, capital of part of Hither 

According to the Pinelli Catalt^e, printing was exercised here 
BO early as 1579: and in Boethmer'i Niatoria litteraria Pome- 
ranorum, mention is made of Martin Muller who was a printer 
at Stetin in the years 1599, 1600, E:c. 

Stirling, or Striveling, a borough town of Scotland, capital of 
the county of Stirling, possessing a strong and ancient castle, 
and a royal palace. 

The art of printing was carried on in Stirling in the year 1671, 
by Robert Lekpreuik, who had hitherto printed at Edinbui^h, 
and who appears in the following year to have removed his press 
to St. Andrew's: where however he remaned but a very short 
time, since in the years 1573 and 1574, we agtun find him print- 
ing, as formerly, at Edinburgh. See Herbert^s History of Printing 
in Scotland, p. 1495, Sec. 

Stockholmia, see Holmia. 

Stoer. Jacobus Stoer, a printer tJ Geneva during the latter 
part of the XVIth century and beginning of the XVIIth, fre- 
quently omitted the name of the town where he readed. 

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Stolpa Muniax, Stolpen, a small town of Saxony, in the tnai^ 
gravate of MaBsen, 13 miles east of Dresden. — 1675, (Bodl.) 

Straieatmda, or Straientndium, Stralsuod, a large and tiading 
town of Hither Fomentniit, on the Baltic ; formerly belonging to 
Sweden, but now to Prussia. 

The art of piinting was exerdsed here in 164^, by Michael 
MederuB.— (Bodl.) 

Straubitiga, Straubing, a considerable town of Bavaria, seated 
on the right bank of the Danube. — 1631. 

StrtaDberry-HiU, a country seat on the banks of the Thames, 
near Twickenham, the reudence of the late Horace Walpole, who 
erected a private printing-press for his amusement, in the year 
1758. The productions of this press are numerous and well- 
known. A lut of them was given in the first edition of the De- 
tcriptian of Stramherry-Hiil, printed there in 1774 ; a second in 
a Caialagtu of baokt, &c. printed at Oie press of Stroaeberry- 
Hill, of which the late Mr. George Baker struck off a few coines ; 
and a more copious and detailed one in the BtbUomaaia at Dr. 
Dibdin. Most of the Strawberry-Hill publications are neatly 
executed, and among them are found some valuable and interest- 
ing works. The impresdon was often large, amounung to 600, 
and in one instance to 1000 coines ; other fueces again are in 
small numbers, and coaBequeotly very rare. 

Strega SUesiorutn, Stricgau, a small town of Prussian Silesia, 
within a short distance of Breslau. A book entitled, Variomm 
intrd Itatiam monumentontm itucriptionea, published by Ama- 
dKU8 de Benignia in 1715, bears this imprint. 

Strengnesia, Strengnes, or Strengnas, an ancient efnscopal 
town of Sweden, in Sudermania, seated on the lake Malar. 

A press was introduced into this town in the year 162S, through 
the liberality of the king Gustavus Adolphus, by Laurendus 
PauIinuB, bishop of Strengnes, in order that his own works. On 
^ Christian Ethics, might be printed with less expense and delay 
than at Stockholm. The £rst production of this press was his 
LMmotcopia, executed by Olaus Olu Enseus, a printer brought 
from Stockholm, in the year 1623. Another work of this bishop, 
viz. HistoritB arctace libri tres, may be seen in the Bodldan and 
Fagel libraries, bearing for imprint, Strengnesii, typis et impentis 
atithoris, excudebat Johannes L. Barkenius. anno 1636. It is a 
quarto v<^ume, of which both paper and press-work are veiy in- 

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ST.-SU. 373 

different. Paulus subsequently becoming archbishop of Upsal, 
carried thither his printiDg-establishment ; but after a codU- 
Duonce there of two years, it waa re-conveyed to iu old 

Stutgardia, Stutgard, a strong and populous city in the south- 
west of Germany, cafntal of the kingdom of Wirtemburg : its 
royal lilmuy is famous for an unique collection of Bibles, in all 
known languages, both ancient and modem. 

Printing was introduced into Stutgard previously to the year 
1522: but Panzer knew only three books executed there, which 
arc of the years 1522, 1524, 3525. 
Subdmnum, see Vindinvm. 

SVBLACENSE MONASTERIVM, a celebrated independ- 
ant monastery of considerable power and property, about two 
miles distant frata Subiaco, a small town of Italy, in the Cam- 
pagna di Roma. This monastery, inhabited by about twenty 
monks, is seated on the summit of steep and almost inaccessiUe 

It is memorable in the annals of literature, as being the cradle 
of the art of printing on its Brrival from Germany in Italy. Con- 
rad Sweynheym and Arnold Pannartz, of whom mention has been 
before made uoder the arUde Rome, established th«r |Hintiag. 
press here, and commenced thar t^endtd typographical career 
by working off three hundred copies of a small sdiool-book, which 
they named Donaiue pro puertdis, of which it is supposed that 
not a nngle fragment has survived to our days. Their next 
work was of a more extennve nature, b»ng an edition of La^ 
tantiua in folio, which bears for imprint, /n venerabUi monatterio 
Svblacenn, with the date 1465. A second book of stitl greater 
magnitude, executed with the same types, namely Augvatinus de 
CivUate Dei, made iu appearance in the year 1467 : and a Qicero 
de Oraiore, without date, but printed in the same type, in either 
1465, 1466, or 1467. These publicationB seem to have termi- 
nated the typographical labours of Sweynheym and Pannartz at 
Sulnaco: since we know that in the year 1467 they accepted an 
invitation to repiur to Rome, and having established themselves in 
the bouse of the family of De Maximis, published the EjAttola 
ad FianUiaret of Cicero, as thdr first spedmen, in that same year. 
Of the three Subiaco books now Temuning, the Lactantitu and 
Ai^tuHnut may be seen in the Bodldan and some other libraries : 

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274 SU. 

the Cicero is contained in the British Museum, and in the collec- 
tion of earl Spencer. 

Sudercopiof SUderkt^ing, a town of Sweden, in East Gothland. 
Printing was carried on here so early as 1511 ; in which year a 
work entitled, lAtertB cor^atemitalit Hoapitaiia Sandi SpiritiU, 
extra <^)pidum Sudercopenae, was executed : [and, according to 
AInander's statement, reprinted here in 1516.] The only other 
early Siiderko^mig book known to Panzer is Mamuiie eccksia: 
lAncopensig, of the year 1525 ; a copy of which, supposed to be 
unique, is preserved in the university library of Upsal. On ac- 
count of some ofien^ve writings of Ja Braschius, bishop of Lin- 
koping, the press was suppressed by Gustavus Adolphua, about 
the year 1538: when the bishop was compelled to fly the 
country, and the printing materials, as Alnander thinks, were 
transferred to Malmoe. 

Suerimim, Schwerin, a conoderaUe town of the north of Gery 
many, capital of the grand duchy of Meddenhurg-Schwerin.-— 

Suegaoy Sessa, or Sezza, an ancient episcopal town in the north- 
west port of the kingdom of Naples. 

SuUi/, a small town of central France, on the river Loire. 

At the Chateau de Sully a printing-press was erected about the 
year 16S0, from whidi proceeded an edition of the (Ecoaonae^ 
roj/alety in 2 vols, folio. 

Stdsbacumy see Sahtbacunt. 

Suobacum, (qu. Schwabach, a town of Bavarian FiBOccHua, 
in the principality of AnqMich ?>— 1689. ^^ J^/^o 

SuoUa, see ZwoBa, 

Supraslwm, or Supratswm, Suprasl, a wealthy monastery 
Gracorum unitorum, in Rusoan Lithuania, situated between 
Grodno and Novogrodek. 

A press was established here in the b^inning of the XVIIIth 
century, from which many books have been issued. 

Sttrat, an anaent and papulous dty of Goojurat, (or Guzzerat) 
in Hindostan. 

The Baptist Misraonaries vinted this dty in the year 181S : 
and in 1815, the London Missionary Society formed a statitHi 
here, the members of which erected a printing-press, and befisre 
the ckMe of the year 1881 had printed the New Teatament, and 
were advancing with the (Hd, the expenees of which puUintmu 

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SU.— SY. 875 

were partly borne by the British and Bombay Bible Societies. 
In 18S6thepiiiitiDg-office was put upon an imjHOTed footing, and 
new types were cast, of a diaracter lai^r, more distinct, and far 
more acceptable to the natives, for whose use the publicadons were 

Sttmitiim, Soest, a large town of Prussian Westphalia, in the 
government of Arensberg; formerly a Hange town. — 1721. 

Swvidnia, Schweidnitz, a fortified town of Prusoan Silesia, 
capita] of a principality. 

Typography was in use here in 166S ; in which year a [uece 
entitled " Prodigium perfidise et ignavise ovitaUs Strasburgenns, 
" ft C. F. i E.^ was executed, in folio. 

Swififurtum ad Manam, or Schavii^rtumy Schwnnfiirdt, a 
con^erable fortified town of Bavarian Franconia, seated on the 

Some works of Georgiiu Jgricda and J. St^irodtrua, executed 
hers in the years 1605, 1606, and 1607. are in the Bodleian, and 
in the library of Trinity college, Dublin. 

Sydney, a flourishing eettlement, originally founded by the 
British, under governor Phillip, in the early part of the year 1788, 
at the southern radeof the harbour c^ Port Jackson on the eastern 
coast of New South Wales ; it has unce become the aest of govern- 
ment. In (THara-t History ^ New SoiOh Waks (8>. 1817,) it 
is observed, "The month of November this year (1796) was 
" marlied by the introduction into New South-Wales of a print- 
" ing-presft. It was at first emjdoyed merely for the convenience 
^ of govoimient, in the printing of public acu and documents ; 
*' but the time could not be far off when books, the pride of man- 
" kind in every age, would be its object." The author does not 
mentioa any books printed, nor name the particular spot on which 
the j»«ss was erected. At p. 343, he adds, ** On the 5th of 
" March 1803, was instituted at Sydney, by authority, a news. 
" papa- entitled, The Sydney GagettCf or New South- Waiet Ad- 
" vertifer.^ Two others also are at present in regular coiuse of 
publication at the same place, tc^ther with five other periodical 
works. A sectmd press has been established, at Port Jackson. 

S^/hM dudt, or Sylva dticaiis, see Buacum dude. 

Syraeuie, a )aige ancirat city of Sicily, formerly of great mag- 
luficeoce and fame. The modem town occufMes a p«tion <^ the 


276 SZ— TA. 

andent ate, and contains about fifteen thousand inhabitants. It 
is the aee of an archbishop. 

A Dictionan/ ^Sicilian JntiquUies, by Capodicei, was printed 
at Syracuse iu the year 18S0. 

Szamottdium, called by the Germans Sambor, a town of Aus- 
trtan Poland, distant eight miles from Poanan. Here was erected 
the 6rst printing-establishment in Great Poland, under the super- 
intendance of the Unitat Frc^rum, about the year 1558. Alex- 
ander Aviczdecki was a printer here in 1559. The establishment, 
however, did not continue Icmg. 

Sidgetvar, or Nagif Sigeth, a small town of the west of Hun- 
gary, formerly of tome importance in the Turkish wars. Dr. 
Blight, in hifi Travels, makes honourable mention of this town, 
*' as having been instrumental in the diffusion of Christian know- 
'* ledge throughout Hungary ; for it was here that, in 1541, a 
" translatioD of the New Tettament was printed at the expense of 

Thomas Nadaschdy.^ p. 578. 

Sxombar, see Nagy-Sxombor, 


Tahemaf Saveme, or Zabem, a laige trading town of the 
nwth-east of France, in Alsace. — 179S- 

Tacacum, or T'ococucNum, Takagus, a town of Japan, ntuate 
in the island of Niphon, which was one of the settlements occu- 
)»ed by the Jesuit missionaries in the XVIth century. 

In the Bodleian librarv Cmarked 8°. Z. 21. Th. Seld.) is a small 
volume, in Soman type, but Japanese language, and on alk 
paper, which was printed here by the Jesiuts of the college of 
Cazzusa, a settlement three miles distant Jrom the town of Arima. 
This work is in two parts, and appears to contain Uva of the 
apottles and of some taints, having at the end a sliOTt Japanese 
and Portuguese Vocabulary; the whole comprising about 700 
pages. On the title-page of each part a a tolerably-executed en- 
graving from a copper-plate, and both parts bear the date of 1591. 
Not professing myself to be intimately acquainted with the nice- 
ties of the Japanese tongue, I here submit to the reader fbe en- 
tire title-page and imprint of tme part, Ztfemtim : " Sanctos nogo- 
" sagueono uchinnuqigacp quan dai ichi. Fii en no cuni Taca- 
" cunogun lesus no companhia no Coll^o Cazzuza ni vmte 
" Superiores no von yuruxi no c6 muri ewe uo fiuto nasu memo 

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** nari. Gozxuxxe irai. 1591." which amiable mor^eau is com- 
mended to his best atteotioD. Need I add a syllable on the de- 
gree of rarity of this curious volume, of which this copy, for- 
merly belong^g to the learned Selden, may perhaps be unique tn 
Europe P 

Toga, (perhaps Tacha, Tacbau, a small town of Bohemia, in 
the circle of Pilseo ?}— 1696. 

TaJuH, or Otahnte, one of the Society islands, ntuate in the 
South Pacific Ocean. 

Some missionaries, who were 6rst despatched hither by the Lon- 
d<Hi MisatMiary Society in 1796, for several years encountered 
consideraUe difficulties, and at length in consequence of political 
disturbances were obliged to quit the island altc^ther. They re- 
turned however, at the earnest request of the king of Otaheite, in 
May <Nr June 1811, ance which period their afiairs have proceed- 
ed more prospCTousIy. Having possessed themselves of a printing- 
establishment a few years ago, they have directed their exertions 
to the pubticatioD of several portions of the New Testament trans- 
lated into the Tahitan hmguage, from 1818 to the present time. 
These books bear for imprint, Tahiti ; printed at the Windmird 
Hittion preet. Some sperimens of the Otahdtan language are 
{l^ven by Mr. Home, in the second volume of his valuable Intro- 
duction to the Scriptures. 

TaOknnaa, see RevaUa. 

Tananairivou, the chief town or village of the island of Mada- 
gascar, in the Indian ocean, and the readence of Radaoia its 

Some English missionaries having settled here a few years ago, 
have under the king^s sanction proceeded to found schools, md 
have carried over a printing-press with its materials, tix the pur- 
pose of publishing a Madagasse translation of the Scriptures. I 
believe that the press arrived during the year 18SS. 

Tanfore, a strong fortress and town of the South of India, in 
the province of the Camatic, capital of the district c^ Tanjore. 
It u subject to the British government, but is still the resdence 
of a Rajah. 

We percave, in the articles Froffmore and Versailles, that Eu- 
ropean sovereigns have often condescended to amuse Uiemselves 
by the erection of printing-presses within their palaces, and even 
at times to take a personal share in its operatitxis. 

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aro TA. 

This town furruBhes an instance, vhich might much less have 
been expected, tliat of an English press being placed and worked 
within the remdence of a Mahratta chief. It is the enlightened 
Rajah <^ Tanjore, Maha Sarabojee, who has thus acknowledged 
the utility of this powerful engine : RolHnson, in his Last days (^ 
bisMop Heber, p. 166. desctibii^ a private -nat paid to the Raj^ 
by the bishop in March 18S6, mentions with approbation faiB li- 
brary, philosophical instruments, coUecoons of coins, paintings, 
and natural history, fine breed of horses, &c. and adds, ** but that 
" of which he is most jusdy proud, as the rarest curiosty of an 
" Indian court, is an English [Hinting-preBs, worked by native 
" ChristianB, in which they struck off a sentence in Mahratta in 
** the lKshop*s presence, in honour of his Tiat," 

A printing-press, with matnials, was sent to tins place by the 
Brid^ and For^gn Bible-Society in 1810. 

TARACO, Tarragona, an ardiiepisoopal city of the north-east 
cX Spain, in Catalonia, of great antiquity and con^aderable 
strength, with an university. 

We learn from Mendee that typography was exercised at Tar- 
ragona before the close of the XVth century : in proof of which 
assertitHi he cites a Missale seamdum u»v/m Tarraamensit ecde- 
sicE Hispatiiarum mefropoleos, in folio, executed here by Jt^iannes 
Rosembach in the year 1499- Rosembach was a printer of Bux»- 
lona, whom the archbishop sent for to Tarragona, pix^nbly for 
the express purpose of [sinting the above Missal, a practice far 
Jrom unoomnxm at ^is period. Mendes inforou us that a ct^y 
of this rare volume, printed upon vellum, exists in the archiveB of 
(he chapter of TarragcMm. 

With the exception of the above named work, I have met with 
nothing of T a rragona execution earlier than two publications of 
Antonius Augusiinus, anitbishop of that city, whidi were exe- 
cuted by PhilippuB Meye, in the yearslffT9, and 1587. (Bodloan.) 

ancient efnscf^wl city ot the north-east of Spain, in the painace 
of Aragon. 

A single work, entitled, Historia del Conde Partenoplet, tn the 
ancient dialect of Catatonia, said to have been printed at Tara- 
zona in 1488, is given by Ponser upon the authority trf Antonio's 
Bibliotheca Hitpana Nova (vol. ii. p. 338.) ; but no other bodt 
is known, nor is printing here at any subsequent period mentkned 

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by other iHblkigr^Jiers. The rich stores of the Bodlmo libnry, 
and of that of Triiuty coU^e, DuUin, however, set thb question 
at rest, hy presentiiig tis with a folio volume conttuning a com- 
mentaiy on the fourth book of the Sentences of Jo. Duns Scotus, 
written by John Yribome a Minorite friar, which was executed in 
this town, and bears for imprint Tirauoiu, apud Didacum de la 
torre, 1615. It has been observed above, (p. S04) that this jn-inter 
was engaged at Origuela in the year 1601, fire, in the apedal etn- 
ploymoit of the tnshop, from whose service he may perhaps have 
trantferFedhimsetfandhisptinting^fwesstoTariazona. 3fCTn.that 
it is the second volume only of Yribome which was printed at 
Tarrazona ; the first having been issued at Saragossa in the pre- 
cedmg year. 

Tarttih see Tergette. 

TAAVISIVM, Treviso, a fortified city of Austnan Italy, ca. 
ptal <^a district or department, and a lHsbop''s see. 

Printing was exerdsed first in this dty by Giraidus de lisa, 
who in the year 1VH executed a treatise of St. AutHn, entitled, 
Ziber de Stdxtte, also the first editions of Mercuriua Tritmegiatug, 
and of Aretine's Latin veroon of the EpisUet t^fPhaituia. Ten 
tit eleven printers followed him before the close of the XV th cen- 
tury, and nuioerouB editions of the best LAtin and Italian classics 
proceeded baia the jnresses of Treviso. 

Tavittackf a borough in Devonshire in England: in which 
stood fonnerly a celebrated monastery of Benedictines, whose 
abbot was a lord of parliament, and his house exempted from all 
jiirisdiclion except that (£ the pope. 

A school iat the study and preservation of the Saxon language 
was established here, and in the early part dt the XVIth century 
the monks possessed a printing-press. Only two specimens of 
their typography have survived to the present day ; of which one 
is an English metrical translation of Boethiut de Coneolaiume 
piSotophitE, made by Thomas Waltwnem, by desire of the lady 
Elizabeth Berkeley : it bears for colophon, Enprented m the ex- 
empt tnonattery fff Tavettdc in Deruhyre. By me Dan Thomat 
Rychard, monke of the eayd mowutery. To the Uutant deeyre 
qfthe ryght worthjfgfvl esquyer Mayster Robert Langdon, anno 
d. MDXXV, Two copies of this work, but neither of them per- 
fect, are in the Bodleian library : and a perfect one is in that tX 
Exeter collie. See Herbert t Ames, p. 1439- 

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Rare as is this wotk, its rarity is infimtely surpaaaed by that of 
the second book irhicii remaini from tbe Tavistock press, and 
of which the fbllowiDg more detuled description is ^ren from 
a personal inspection of the only copy beliered to be now exist- 
ing, which is preserved with the utmost care in tbe library of 
Exeter collie, Oxford. 

Beneath a wood-cut, of the kill's arms supported by angds, is 
the following title : " H«re foloyth tbe confirmation <^ tJie Charter 
*' perteynynge to all the tynners wythyn tbe coutey of devon- 
" sbyre. wyth there statutes also made at crockery atorre by tbe 
*' hole asset and cdsent of al tbe sayd tynners. yn the yere of 
'* tbe reygne of our aoverayne Lord Kynge Henry y* Tin. the 
" secud yere." Beneath is a vignette cut in wood. On the re- 
verse begins the ConfinnstioD. On ^gnature a, nii. " Fro qua- 
" Uux niarcis solut. in hanaperio. DevoQ Magna Curia dmoini 
" Regis Ducatus sui Cornubie tenta apud Crokerentcore in Comit. 
" Devon coram Thonia Deneys Armigero, Locum tenente Hen- 
'* ri(n Memey Militis Custod. Stannarie domini Re^s in Conu- 
" tat. Devonie Vicesimo Quarto die Mensis Septembris. Anno 
*' regni R^s Henrici Octavi Secundo. — Nomina Juratorum. 
" xxiiii. Jur. Cure stannareDe Cha^eford. — De Aysberton — ^De 
" Plymton. — De Tavystoke, &c. Qui electi, juraii et triati ex 
" assensu et cosensu omniu stannator. Com. pdicti, enactant or- 
" dinant et statuunt q ; cnnnia statuta stannsrie ante bee tepora 
" ibidem facta unt vacua cassa et nullius afiectus preter ea que in 
*' ista curia afEnnatur et de novo fiet ut pofitea patet.^ On the 
reverse of dgnature b, v. the royal arms are repeated ; under 
which, " Magna curia, &c. tenta apud Crokeretrare, Sic anno 
" regni Re^ Henrici Octavi xxiiii.'" Below is the vignette as in 
the 1Jtle>page. " Nomina jiu:atorum," &c. as before. On the re- 
verse ugnature c, iv. the same royal arms and vipiette, " Ma- 
" gna curia, &c. &c. anno Regni Regis Heri<n viii, vicesimo quito. 
" Nomina juratorum, &c.^ On the reverse of ngnature d, iii. 
" Here endyth the statutes of tbe stannary, Imprented yn Ta- 
" vystoke y' xx. day of August the ysK of the reygne off our 
" soveryne Lord Kynge Henry y« viii. the xxvi. yere." The 
two vignettes as before, between which is, " God ssave tbe Kyng." 
Then follows a leaf, having on the recto a wood-cut of the crud- 
£xion of St. Andrew, and on the reverse one representing tbe 
Almighty seated, within a diamond ccHituned in a square, the 

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allies bdng filled by the symbdi c^ the four evangelists. This 
second print is the SBine with that which appean on the title of 
the Boetkiut printed at Tavistock. The voiume ia a small quarto 
ooDsistiiig of twenty-nx leaves; viz. signature a, six; b, and c, 
^ht; and d, four. A full page contains generally thirty lines, 
sometimes thirty-one. The type appears to be that of the Boethiut, 
but is not BO sharp nor clear : the flowered initials of the Boethiua 
are not used in this book. It only remains to say, that the Ex- 
eter oapy is quite perfect, and that all the leaves still retain their 
rough and unequal edges. 

populous, beautiful, and ancient dty in the north of Italy, in 
Piedmont, the capital and seat of the Sardiman monarchy, and 
an archbishop^s see. It has a celebrated univendty, founded by 
pope Benedict the thirteenth, in 1406. 

Typography appears to have been first brought to Turin by a 
French printer named Johannes Fabri, who in company with 
Johanninus de Petro, opened his career with a Breviarium JRo- 
manum in the year 1474; which, with several other works, was 
printed under the auspces and direction of his potron Master 
Panthalcon de Confluentia. M. Van Praet notices two copiea of 
this rare book printed upon vellum ; one <^ which is in the royal 
Itbnuy at Turin, and the other in that of S. G^nevi^ve at Paris. 
In 1475, Fabri was sent to Casselle, ax miles distant from Tu- 
rin, in order to print St. Jerome's lAves of the Fathers there ; 
but after a few years he returned to Turin. Santander observes 
that the art made no very great pn^ress in this city during the 
XVth century. 

Taurum, Toro, an andent <nty of the north-west of Spain, in 
tbe province of Leon ; it was formerly a bishop^s see. 

Antonio notices printing here in the year 1630: but I am 
strongly of o[»nioo that I have seen a Spanish tract executed at 
Toro BO early as 1505. 

Tcttfobas, appears to he the name of some town in the Philip- 
jnne islands. 

In the year 1703 a Vocabulario de la lengua Tageda, com- 
posed by a monk called Domingo de loa Santos, was executed, 
bearing for imprint, " Tayabaa (Filipjrinas) 1703." A a^y of 
this work appears in the " Bibliotheca Marsdeniana.'^ 

Teate, Chieti, a large town of Naples, in Abnizzo dtra, the sec 

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S83 TE. 

(tf an MchlM^op, and memorable for an order of reli^oaa 
(founded by Jo. Peter Carafla, archbishop of Chieti,) who from 
hence took the name of Theatines. 

The only specimeD of the typography of this pUce, which I 
have either seen or heard of, is the treatise of MuHus Panaa, en- 
tttled, De oaculo ethaieiB et ChrittumtB phUosopkice, in 4Co> which 
beara for imprint Teate, apud Indorum Facmm, 1601. A copy 
ot this tract is in MarBh''9 library, DubUn. 

Tebriz, or Tauris, a large city of Penda, by some supposed to 
stand on the ute of the ancient Echatana. Ftnmerly it was a place 
of great s^endor, but in latter times has been much reduced 
both in beauty and population, by wars and repeated earth- 

The European art of printing has found its way to Tdniz, 

In the year 18S2 a young Persian named Mirza Djafiar esta- 
bUsbed a press here, at which he executed a neat edition of the 
Gtdulan ofSaady. 

Tegtrrueense Momuteriumt Teg^nse, a famous abbey aS Be- 
nedictines, founded in the Vlllth century, seated at the edge tX a 
lake in the diocese of Freysingen, in Bavaria. The Chranicon 
Gotwicenge, a luge and handsome folio volume, was printed at 
this mcHiHatery in the year 17S2. 

Tela Martina, Toulon, a fortified dty and set^rt in the 
south-«ast of France, in Provence, fonneriy a bishop's see. Hen- 
licy informs us that pinting was firet exercised In Toulon in the 
year 1704. 

Tergeste, Trieste, an ancient and thriving seapcMt-town of the 
Austrian dominions, in the district of lUyria. It is a bishop's see^ 
and ocMitwoB several public institutions. 

Printing was in use at Trieste in the year 1699; and I nay 
mention, that some years ago an Armenian press was erected here, 
at winch an Armenian <9 veraon of Dr. Sobertaon'a HiHory of 

4 A brief KCOUDt of dw jtrvKnian Prat dran up by to Anneniui geatlemui, 
fbr tbe Calcnita Joumil (Asiatic Regiiter, October, 1822.) 

In tbe yeir lbS7 the uae of tbe press bc^in fint unoag the Anncniaiu. It iia 
been eatabUdied in muiy cities ; but in most cases, after continoiag in operation a 
diort time, it has, oiring to some cause or athar, been sboliabed. It is pemunentlr 
Mty^i^iad ill ConttantiBoplc ud Venice : and at present ttiere ue priubng-officea 
in Paris, Vieiuia, and St. PUcnborg, wbidi are all ia constaut employment. In 
India tlie eierdse of tbe Armenian press began fint at Madras. A prioting office 
was e(t^)liibed at Calcutta, in 1819 one at Bombay. 

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Atnerica was prioted, id two ocUvo TtJumes ; which tnuMlation 
may be seen to the Bodleian library. In an lUyrian grammaTf 
of the year 1818, Trieste is called Tartiu. 

TWgovi^a, or Tii^wischt, an ancient town of European 
Turkey, in Wallachia, formerly the rendence of the Waiwodes. 
A book containing The Office of St. Catherine, together with 
other prayers in Greek, which was printed in this town in the 
year 1710, may be sem in the Bodleian librafy. 

Tertoruty see Dertona. 

Testaria, or Wetdaria, or Wetxftarium, Wetslar, a town of 
Germany in Wetteravia. It is seated on the rirer Lalin, twenty- 
^Te miles to the north c£ Frankfort. 

Printing certainly was carried on at Wetzlar in 1711 : but in 
the Bodl^on library is a book by G.Lorickiui Badamaniu, 
dated Wetzflarii, 1541 ; but thb date is expressed in such a way 
that I cannot detemrine whether it denotes the place of printinff 
or of KrUittg the worit. 

TeiUoburgum, see Dui^twgitm ; — it is also the nunc of a 
town in Westphalia. 

THESSALONICA, Salonidil, (the ancient Thesaalonica,) a 
large and handsome city of European Turkey, containing about 
70,000 inhabitants; the capital of Macedonia, and see of a 
Roman Catholic and also of a Greek archbishap. 

It being known that a Hebrew press was early estaUiahed in 
this city, some books were adduced by InbliografJierB, supposed 
to have been printed here m 1479, or efoi earlier ; but De Roam 
has ehewn tlmt there is no sufficient evidence of any Salanocfai 
book remaining of the XVth century, and in fact the first work 
which is known to have a certain date is an edition <^ the Pttdma, 
Proverbs &c. of the year 1515. The chief typ<^rapbers appear 
to have been Jehuda ben Ghedalis and his family. This press 
continued its labours during upwwds of a century at least 

Thiela, TUa^ or THOum, Thiel, a small town at the Nether- 
lands, the capital of a district, in the jwovince of Gudderlaod. 

The art of printing was exerased at Thiel in the year 1658 ; 
and Frederic Janss was a printer of Dutch books here in 1688. 

At fenUi, ui Aimeniui preu U worked irithiD u> A. 
one of the iilCB of the Lagunea, irbere a newipaper or gaietic in ttiat Unpiagc ia 

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Sm TH.— TI. 

7'hUfigen, a small town oi G&maay in Bsden, distant ei^teen 
miles bom SchaffhauseD. WolfiuB annouooes that the Jeva car- 
ried on printing here, hut ^ves no account of their pubhcatirais. 
It appears hotrem from the Oppenheimer library, that their 
press was at work about the middle of the XVIth century ; two 
books of the date 1560 and one of 1566 being now preserved in 
that rich collection. 

Thierrium, or Tigemam, Thiers, a populous commercial towa 
of the centre of France, in Auvergne. 

THOLOSA, or TOLOSA PALLADIA, or Tolota Teeto- 
aagwn, Toulouse, aa aodent, elegant, and extennve dtj of the 
South (^ France, seated on the Garonne : formerly the ca^utal of 
Laaguedoc. It is an archbishop's see, and possesses an univernty, 
which was founded in the year 193&, from money accruing by « 
fine imposed by Louis the Ninth of France, upon his vanquished 
enemy Raymond count of Toulouse. It is likewise to be re< 
membered, that in this city the Dominican friars erected the first 
tribunal of the tremendous and execr^le Inquintion, during the 
early part of the Xlllth century. 

With respect to the iotroduction of the art of printing into 
Toulouse there appears to be some little uitcertainty, arising from 
the confuaon caused by the similarity of name between this cnty 
and Toloea in Spain. Under this latter town Panzer dtes a law- 
tract written by Jaaon de Mm/riOy executed by Joannes Teuto- 
nicus, and bearing for imprint, Finit Thdose A. C. 1479. He 
adds a hint, that perhaps it is a Toulouse book ; and I am in- 
duced to adhere to this opinioD of his, not only in the cose of the 
book in question, but in that of some othere also among those 
which are enumerated in his list. 

Thorunium, see Torunium. 

T'icinum, see Popia. 

Tyhrmtm, or Tiphemum, is either Citta di Castello, a dty of 
Italy, in the duchy of Urbino : or, Sc Angelo in Vsdo, distant 
twenty miles from the former. — 1589. 

7^/Em, or Teflis, a large and flourishing city, the ca^utal of 
Aaalic Geoigia, rituate on the ri^t bank of the river Eler, mid- 
way between the Euxine and Caspian seas. It is supposed to 
contain from 18,000 to 20,000 inhalntants, of various nations. 

A Psalter, with some other portions of Holy Scripture, in the 
Georg^ language, was printed h&x, by Michael Istphonowitz, 

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TI— TO. «86 

in 1711. At present there are eaid to be two prihting-ofRces ia 
^nfiis, one of which is confined to books of devotion which are 
executed in a peculiar character, the other strikes off works of a 
miflcellaneous nature, in the Rusnan and Geor^an languagee. 

Tlffurum, Tiffurimts Pagna, Turigum, or TWicum, Zurich, 
a large, ancient, and stronglj-forufied dty of Switzerland, csptal 
of the canton of Zurich. It is a place of trade and manufactures, 
end few towns have surpassed this in its cultivatic»i of literature 
and adence. 

At what time it first adopted typc^^phy, I have not leanit : 
the earliest book noticed by Panzer bears date ISiiS : but in the 
Bodleian coliection of German tracts on the Reformation, one of 
LutherX printed at Zurich, ia dated 15S1. Panzer enumerates 
about eif^ty Zurich publications between 15S3 and 1536, almost 
all of which are on religious subjects, and written chlefiy by the 
refonners Ulrich Zuinglius, Pellican, and Bullinger. Christopher 
]Proachover was the printer of most eminence and buuness. 

About the period of the Reformation in this country, some curi- 
ous English works were printed at Zurich, and it has even been 
conjectured that the first edition of the EnglUh Bible, in folio, 
1585, was executed here. 

Tiktm, quaere what town? A Hebrew work, entitled Sosh 
Joseph, printed here in 1717, occurs in the library of the Ixmdon 
Sodety for the propagation of Christianity among the Jews. 

Tirasm, see Tarraaona. 

Tlaacdla, a dty of New Spain, capital of a province of the 
same name; it was the see of a bishop from the year 15S7 to 
1550, when the see was transferred to Puebla de los Angeles. 

It spears from the BiUiotheca Mexicana that printing was 
carried on here in the middle of the XVIIth century : a work of 
Andreas Ferrer de Valdecebro, entitled, AmerictE diacrimina et 
cathtJiciB Seligionii terumtKe, was printed at Tlascala in 1650; 
and three or four others, from that year to 1657, are cited in the 
same work. 

Todi, a small aty of Italy in the states of the Church, seated 
on the river Tiber; it is a bishop's see. 

Printing was exennsed here at the middle of the XVIIth cen- 
tury, as appears fnnn a work entitled " La SetlJmana Istorica, 
** dal P. F. Fietro Castnicd. 4f>. In Todi, per Agostmo Faos- 
« tini. 1666." 

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sm TO. 

TOL£TVM, Toledo, on ancient and renowned tnt; of Spain, 
in New Castile ; which has succeseiTely been the seat of govern- 
ment under the Goths, the Moors, and the kings ot Castile : it is 
the see of an archbi^op, and possesses a famed uniTtfaty, whkh 
was founded in 14<7fi. 

Pnnting appears to have omunenced here with a work of 
Petrui Ximenet de Prexamo, upon the Church's power <^ the 
keytf executed by Jahannes Vaequi, or Vaequez, in the year I486. 
A copy of this folio volume ia said to be remaining in the convent 
of San Pablo in Valladolid. Vasquez was succeeded by Juan 
Tdlez in 1495, and by Peter Hagembacb, a German, in 1498. In 
1500 Peter Hagembach executed here, under the ctxnmand of car- 
dinal Ximenes, at that time archbishop of Toledo, the celebrated 
volume of tbe Mixt or Mozarainc Jfiuo/, a book, (m the extreme 
rarity and beauty of which bibliogr^ihers have long loved to 
dwdl, and the result of whose observations is well and fully conv- 
municated by Dr. Dibdin in volume i. of the BiHiotieca Spence- 
riaaa ; where a long and animated description is given, both of 
this vdume and of the Moxarabic Branary, jninted at the same 
place in 150S. C<^pies of each c^ these extranely curious books 
are in the richly* furnished library of earl Spencer; and the Mis- 
sal is also to be seen in that of Emanuel collie, Cambridge. 

We learn from M. Van Praet, that of the Mittal three cofues 
printed on veUum are known ; oat of which is in the college of 
San Ildefonso of Alcala, a second in the Vatican, and the thitd in 
tbc Coraini palace at R<Hae. Of the Brevian/ it is commonly re- 
ported that only thirty-five copies were printed, and no more than 
a nn^ one on vellum has been discovered : this precious relic 
r^Kwes in the college of San lldefrauo at Tokdo. 

Among the few books printed in this city durii^ the earlier 
part of the XVIth century occurs a Spanish version of the Deca- 
merone ot Boccaccio. 

Tdhia PaBadia, aee Tholosa. 

TOLOSA, Tolosa, a town of Spain, in Biscay, tbe capital of 
GinpuBcoa. PrinUng ^tears to have been first exerdaed here 
about the year 1488 or 1489, by Henry Meyer, a German, and 
(periiapi) Juan Paris and Estevan Cl^dat. Panzer, in faia ai>. 
count of the typography of Tolosa, seems to have given to this 
city several works which in all probalnlity are due to Ttnilouse in 
Fnnoe: and Meodez confesses that there is great difficult in 

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-4, 0,iCi ^-.^ jC.. //s^/. 

irr- ^-W^^irilf Utr^z. . ^tj^^/- ^/uS- 

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TO. «W 

distingiuBbing these towna, from the drcumstMKe of the cotoptlona 
of many books preeenling oaly the words Tolotte, en T'oftwo, or 
«i» la TioUe cibdad de Tholota. There is however no doubt 
(according to Mendez) that Tolosa in Guipuscoa was possessed 
of a priating-establisbment before the close of the XVth cen- 

The following article appears in the catalogue of Messrs. Payne 
and Fos9 for the year 1834. 

1696 ESOFO. — Aqui se acaba el libro del Esopete ystoriado : 
^licadas las fabulas en fin junto con el principio a morali- 
dadad, he. con las Fabulas de Bemigio: de Aviano: Al- 
fonso, &c. con otras extnvagantas, aacado de Latin en Ro- 
mance, a book of the very greatest rarify, not mentioned by 
any SiMiqgrapAer, fitw copy v^A leoodevts, foL Thdosa, 
Tongerioa, Tongerloo, an abbey ntuated id a small town of the 
same name, in the Netherlands, not far fttHo Antwerp. In this ab- 
bey the fifty-third volume of the Jcta Sanctorum^ oomjnled by BoU 
landus and hb successors, was printed in the year 1*)^ During 
the period <^ confusion caused by the extravagancies of the French 
revt^utionists, when the monks were compelled to quit their an- 
dent dwellings, and seek for refuge and proteotion wborerer they 
might be found ; Godefridua Hcrmannus, the abbot of Tongerloo, 
kindly received the editors of this laborious work, and not only 
lodged them in his abbey, but alao supplied them with a printing- 
press, and widi such boobs as were necessary for th«r purpose. 
Thus assisted, they pnxjeeded to print this fifty->third volume, but 
were unable to cany through the press more than two hundred 
and nimtf-nx pages of it at Tongerloo, the rest is suppoeed to 
have been executed at Rome. Co{NeB of it ore very rare, as in ail 
prob^nlity a gr^t pwtion ot the impresoon was destroyed in the 
troubles and oonftlsioB of the time. It may be seen however in 
the Bodleian library, in that of Trini^ college, Dublin, and in 
the excellent private collection of the present bishofi of Limorick. 
It consistB of m hundred and tbirty-two ^p»ge», exdunTe of index 
and pre&tory matter, and comprises the history ol the saints of 
the 19tb, ISth, and 14th days dF October, bekxig the sixth vohime 
of the Acta for that month. 

Toguinum, qu. Tokis, or Tokoesi, a town of the island Ni^Km, 
in Jf^nn ? A book entided Cantempku AAiiHii, in the buguage 

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S88 TO— TR. 

of Japan, was prioted here b; the Jesuits io 1596. 8°. a ccppy of 
it b in the Bodl^an library. 

Torffii or Torgavia, Tor^u, a fortified town of Pmsaian 
Sax<my, in the gavemment of Merseburg, seated oo the 

The earliest notice of printing exercised at Torgau appears in 
an edition of LuAer's Serwont (in Latin) bearing for imprint 
TorgiBi 1597, a copy of which, on vellum, is affirmed by M. Van 
Fraet to be in the library of Gotha. 

Tomacum Nerviorum, Toumay, a large manufacturing town 
of the Netherlands, seated on the Schetd, near to the frontiers of 
French Flanders. It is a place of great antiquity, and a bishop's 

Printing was carried on here in 1557. A curious English 
book was printed at Tournay in 16£3, 12". entitled. The image 
of bothe Churchet, Sienuaiem and Babel, unitie and coij/vnon, 
obedienc and tedition, by P. D. M. (i. e. Matthew Fadson) ; tar 
aatae account of which consult Woo^a Aihen<B Oxonientea, and 
the Centura literaria, vol. ti. p. S45. 

Tomeriue, was a printer at Lt/ona in the latter part of the 
XVIth century, who was much accustomed to omit the name of 
the town in which he lived, ^ring for imprint merely the words 
apud Tomeaium ; as may be frequently seen in books of the year 
1588, &c. &c 

TVuntum, Tbtwn, a oonaiderable town of West Pruaua, plea- 
santly utuated on the river Vistula ; it has a protestant academy, 
and is memorable as the birthplace of CopemicuB. 

A printing-press was set up st Thorn by the Protestants bood 
after the year 1566; which, amidst the troubles and tumults of 
the monorable year 17S4, the Jesuits contrived to get subjected 
to tlieir own power and controul. The earliest Thom publicatitm 
which I have seen is of the year 1581 : in 1585 a Polish New 
Teatameat was printed here by Melchior Nering, a copy of which 
is in the Bodleian library.— 1581. (Bodl.) 

Tofor^omg, a considerable town of French Flanders, distant six 
miles frran Lille. — 175S. 

Trtffectma ad Moaam, or Trqjectum auperita, Maestricfat, an 
antnent, large, and strongly fortified aty of the Netb^'laoda, 
seated on the river Maese.- — 1685. 

TVt^ectum ad Vtadrwn, see Franc^vrtum. 

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TR. S89 

RIVS, or VLTKAJECTVM, Utrecht, a populous and cele. 
bnited town of the Dutch Netberluids, the ca|»tal of a province 
of the tame name. It possesses an univernty, founded in 1680 

Santander otMerres, that Utrecht justly dums the honour of 
b«ng the first town of Holland in which typography was prac- 
tised ; which appears to have commenced here with the Hiatoria 
Sehohtlica of Peirua Comertor, executed by Nicolaus EetelaM- 
and Gherardus de Leempt, in the year 147S. These printers 
were followed in 1478 hy James Veldener, to whom it may be 
menuoned that Panzer assigns the curious volume described above, 
(under the article Bmg<E, p. 41,) executed by Johannes Brito, a 
native of Bruges. 

During the early part of the XVIth century very few publi- 
cations appear to have proceeded from Utrecht : but it is scarcely 
requisite to remind the reader with what activity and excellence 
its presses have been worked during miH*e recent times. 

Trangu^aria, Tranquebar, or IVangambar, a seaport town of 
Hindostan, on the Coromandel coast, where a Dani^ settlement 
was established in the year 1621. 

Soon after the commencement of the last century, Bartholomew 
Zi^^ba]g, a misaianaty sent into those parts by the king of Den- 
mark, began to translate the Holy Scriptures into the language of 
the natives of the coast. With the view ot forwarding the dis- 
persion of copies of this translation, a printing-press and some 
Tamulic types were despatched to him from Oennany in the year 
1718, and in the next year the press was set to work. Previously 
however to this, namely in the year 1711, tlie English Society for 
promoting Christian knowledge had sent out to the missionaries a 
printing-press furnished with Portuguese types, paper, &c which 
although the ship conveying it feW into the hands of the French, 
who captured and plundered it, yet being concealed in the hold of 
the vessel escaped their rapacity, and was safely landed t<^ther 
with all its materials. In the month of October in the following 
year, this press was so far put into order, that, by way f^ first 
spe<nmenB, an Ordo Sabttu, and on elementaty treatise, both in 
Portuguese, were then worked <^ from it. 

The TomuUc press commeiKed its labours with a book On the 

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damnable character of paganism', which was put to pren on the 
19th of September 1713 ; and before the close of that year some 
portion of the Tamulic JVerc Testament was printed off: Aejbur 
Gospels were finished in a handscHne manner in quarto before 
twelve months had expired, and appeared with the imprint, TVan- 
guebaricB in Uttore Coromandelino, typis Malaiaricis impressit 
G. Jdler, 1714. The publication of the remainda of the New 
Testament was ddayed from the scarcity of the paper, their typea 
being very large ; till at length the expedient was adopted of cast- 
ing a new fount of letter^/rofn the leaden covers of some Cheshire 
dieeses which had been meat out to the missiaiiaries by the Engli^ 
Sodety for jntMnoting Christian knowledge. The attempt suc- 
ceeded ; and with these new and smaller types the EptsUea and 
Aoolr qf Revelation were printed, and the whole New Testament 
was published together in the year 1719. Subsequent publica- 
tions from the Tranquebar press, down to 1761, may be seen in 
Masdi's edition of Le Long's Bibliotheca sacra : and a minute ac- 
count of them (which were issued in the Tamulic, En^sh, Portu- 
guese, and German languages) to the year 17S6, is furnished by 
the work of J. L. Niecampius, whose authcMity I have principally 

TVonuwi, Trani, an archiepiscopal city of Italy, in the king- 
dcnn ot N^lea, ca[ntal of the province of Bsri. 

The only insunoe of printing in this town which I have met 
with occurs in a volume of I^sputations on Thomas Aquinaa, by 
JDidacus Alvarez archbishop of Trani, which was printed in his 
own palace. The book is a folio of about 600 pages, bearing for 
imprint, Trani, in archiepiscopaii palatio, per Constasttinum 
Vitalem. 1617. Its typographical execution is not very good. — 

Trapani, the ancient Drepanum, a considerable town in the 
west of Sidly, possessing a good harbour, and cvnuining about 
90,000 inhabitants. 

Printing was executed at Trapani (according to D. Moreni,) 
who adduces a work by P. Fr. Arena) in 1707. 

TREBIA, or TREVIVM, Trdvi, a small but ancient town of 
central luly, in the states of the Church, formerly a Inshop's 

' A copy of tbls vorit U in the possnston of Mr. W. Munden. 

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TR. 891 

Only two books are known to have issued from this town in the 
X Vth century ; namely, a HUtory g^ Indidgeruxa gained by St. 
Francis Jot ihe Churdi of S. Maria de Angelit, uxl a work ci 
Bartolua de Saxo Ferrato; the former dated 1470, the latter 
1471. Johannes Reynardi is the only printer known: nor does 
Trtvi luiy more appear in connection with the exercise of typo- 
graphy, during that or the succeeding century. 

TreboUt, Panzer, in vol. ix. p. 196, dtes a book called " Re- 
** voca^ Jratrit Wigandi Wtrth, &c" with the imprint apud 
Trehoies impreaaa, — qutere whether Trevi be not intended ? no 
date is given. 

THECiE, or TKICASSES, Troye;, ao ancient and conu. 
denble town of the nortb-east of France, in Champagne : it is an 
archln^op's see, and formerly was a place of great trade, its mer* 
chandise b^g sold by Troyes or Troy weight, which name and 
distinctbn we still retain. 

Only three specimens of the typography of Troyes during the 
XVth century are given by Panzer, the earliest of which is a 
BreviariuM Trecente, executed, without name <tf printer, in 
148S; the other books bear the dates of 1493 and 1500. Print- 
ing continued here during the succeeding century, but not to any 
great extent. 

Tremonia^ Dortmund, a large and strong town of Westpboliar 
now belonging to Prusaa, seated on the river Ems, with a pro- 
testant unirernty, founded in 1648. 

The art of printing probably accompanied the establishment of 
the university : but the earliest Dortmund book which I have 
hitherto met with consists of some piecea of Latin poetry by Cy- 
priamu Vomeliiu, bearing for imprint, Ex imperiaU atque adeo 
libera Tremonientimn repub. in grattam gymnasii literarii Jam- 
pridem ibidem effloreecentvi ; typie auia invulgavit Melchior Soter, 
anno 1545. The volume is in twelves, and connsts of two sheets 
only.— (TCD.) The Ptaiier ^ David, translated into Latin 
verse by Eobanus Hessus, was also printed here by Philip Maurer 
in 1551, a copy of which is preserved in the Diocesan library of 
Cashel, in Ireland. 

Treoecka, is the name of a large mansion in the parish of Tal- 
garth, in the county of Brecon, South Wales; well known by the 
seminary for lay-preachers of the Calvinistic methodist persuasion, 
established here by the famous Selina countess of Huntingdon, 


99S TR. 

die zealous friend and patroness of George Whidield, about the 
middle of the last century. The singularities of this building have 
called forth the following remat^is from the tourist Mr. Malkin. 

" On descending from these haunts of mountain sheep, and 
'* ancient seats of unsociable and distrustful barons, the traveller 
" arrives suddenly at a spot, the most incongruous and unex- 
" pected that can be conceived in these nmple regions. He 6nda 
" himself translated at once to the Paragon, Prospect Place> 
" Paradise Row, Mount Pleasant, or some such supreme court of 
" finery, foppery, and folly, as occurs within a drde of five miles 
" round London : a space which comprehends most of the archi- 
" tectural absurdities, and most of the horticultural deformities, 
" to which a vitiated imagination has ever ^ven birth. Yet does 
" Trevecca seem, by combination, to have outdone them all. 
" Here a Gothic arch ! there a Corinthian capital ! Towers, battlfr- 
" ments, and bastions ! peacocks cut in box, and lions hacked in 
" holly ! And who is it that has thus deluged his native country 
** with bad taste ? Is it a nabt^, an innkeeper, or a dancnngmas. 
'* ter, who, having contrived to raise a fortune by one of those 
" trades which often prosper where better fail, prudently deter- 
" mines to record the event, and raise a triumphant monument oq 
" the nte of his honest father's humble cottageP Nay, verily ; it 
" was a preacher of the gospel, professedly of the strictest per- 
" suasion and most mortified habits, namely Join Harria, bom 
" on the spot on the 2Srd of January 1714.* Mr. Harris is re- 
ported to have been the friend of G. Whitfield, and the first who 
introduced mediodism into the pnodpality of Wales. " He died 
** in 1T73, leaving all his esutes to a common stock, for muotain- 
*' ing a neighbourhood which he had collected during his life. In 
" 1803 there were 60 members in this extraordinary family." 

A printing-press found its way into this religious esuUish- 
ment, at which was executed in an octavo volume, " The Life of 
" Howell Harris esq. printed at Trevecka, 1791.* At present 
I am acquainted with no other of its productions. 

Trfviri, or Augusta Trevirorum, Treves, or Triers, a very 
ancient and celebrated city of Germany, beautifully atuate on the 
river Moselle, which formerly was the capital of an electOTote and 
archUshopric, but now is chief of a Prussian government. It is 
a place extremely rich in remains of Ktunan arts and splendour. 
It possened an university, the original foundatioD of which has 

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been earned so ftr back as the age of Cknstantine the Great : but 
■which ootainly was restored in 1454, eolarged in 1728, and in 
1794 was converted by the French into a gymnasium or school. 
A book dated 1517, which Panzer (in voi. viii. of his Annals) at- 
tributed to the press of this dty, he afterwards adjudges to Metz. 
The earliest date which I have seen is 1583, being that of a book 
containing some works of W. MUn, Camjnan, and others, printed 
by £. Hatotus, who in it speaks of his infant preia ; it is in the 
Bodldan library. 

TrevoUium, Trevoux, an ancient town of the east of France, 
seated on the Saone; well known by the publication of a literary 
Journal, compiled at the beginning of the last century by the 
Jesuits of Trevoux.— 1689. 

TRIDENTVM, Trent, an andent fortified town of Austria in 
the Tyrol, adjoining the borders d Italy, capital of the princi- 
pality of Trent. It formerly was the see of a lushop or arch- 
bishop, and is principally memorable for the council holden there, 
which b^an in 1545, and ended in 1568. 

A work by Jo. Matthtaa T^berinut, upon the life and miracles 
of St. Simon of Trent, executed (by Hermannus Schindeleyp] in 
1476, is the earliest known spedmen of printing in this town. 
Panzer notices only four books from Trent, among which is the 
first printed Italian Comedy, entitled La Catinia, written by 
Siccus PoUentone, a Paduan, which was printed in 1482. No 
books appear to have been published at Trent during the period 
from I48S to 1533. 

TVtdlnum, or Trmum, Trino, a small town of the north-west 
of Italy, in I^edmont, seated on the river Po. 

Printing was carried on in this place so early ns the year 1508, 
by Joannes de Ferrariis, alias de Jolitis, whose family appears to 
have continued in the business for a long course of years, as the 
name occurs in a Trino book of 1594.— (Bodl.) 

There appears also to have been a Jewish press here in 1525, 
a single Hebrew book (of Prayera) from which is noticed, and 
declared by De Roan to be a choice and rare specimen. 

Trigueros Oppidvm, qu«re, whether Trigueroe, a town of 
Spain, in the province of Seville, or Tr^uier, a town of France, 
in the department of the Cotes du Nord P — 1636. 

Tfinum, see Tridinum. 

Trisinga, (qu. Driesen, a small town of Prusda P) — 1775. 


894 TR.— TU. 

Si. Trond, an ancient and consdenUe town of tbe Nether- 
lands. Baibio' notices a work. Supplement aa Catediinne de 
Valines, professing to be piinted here, without date. 

TROYGA (qu. Trdii, (Troca,) a town of Russian Lithuania, 
capital of a palatinate?) is given by Denis, in his Supplement to 
the Anjiales T^/pographici of Moittaire, p. 709, as tbe imprint of 
a book entitled, Cronik und hyatori u»s den ffochichten der Ro- 
mern. ♦", 1497. 1 have met with no other notice of this place or 
book ; which perhaps may have been executed at Troyes, 

Trua:^lo {Turrit Julia) a small town of the west of Spain, in 
the province of Estremadura : (the Inrthplace of the weU-known 
conqueror F. Pizaixo.) 

Mendez observes that typography has been exercised within 
this town, but is silent as to the precise period, 

TVBIN6A, Tubingen, a town in the south-west of Germany, 
in the kingdcHn of Wirtemburg. It has an univeruty, founded in 

Printing commenced here late in the XVth century, the ear- 
liest known book being a Lecture on Peter Lombard, by Fr, 
Paul, a Tubingen Minorite, printed by Johannes Ottmar, in 
1498. We again hear of Tuhii^eD typ(^;rapby in the middle of 
the following century. Bachmcister mentions an edition of The 
GotpdB " en Vandalique,^ printed at Tubingen in the year 1557, 
bring the first work executed in that language. Again, speaking 
of books printed in the Glagolitical character, he observes that 
they are exceedingly rare ; that the St, Petersburg library con- 
tained only two, and that perhaps those were the only ones 
throughout the whole of Rusua. One of these is the Confiaaitm 
qf Augtburg, the other the Epiatles of the Apottles, mth the 
Apoctdjfpie, in the Croatian dialect. These he asserts to be tbe 
relics of a press erected at Tubingen by the baron Ungrad in the 
year 1568 : a prest) which continued hut for a very short time, the 
few books which proceeded from it being seized and suppressed 
by tbe Auslrians. Joseph Dobrowski, in his Slamn, and dago- 
Uiica, 8°. 1807, 1808, mentions this Tubingen press : and dtes a 
Nete Testament published by Truberus, in the years 156{, in 
the Croatian dialect, printed with Illyrian types. It appeared in 
two parts; of the former SOOO copies were struck off, of the lat- 
ter only 1000. But lie does not inform us where a single one is 
now to be found. 

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TU. 895 

T^tffium, or Ttigvnm Pagus, Zug, an ancient town of Swit- 
zarland, capital of a canton of the same name. — 1730. 

TuUum l^ucorum, Toul, a large and fortified town of the 
north-east of France, seated on the Moselle, lately a bishop's see. 

Panzer adduces a dngle book printed here, entitled De artu 
^ficitUi pertpectivd, (the author supposed to be Joanvet Pele- 
grimu,) of the date 1505, which he pronounces to be extremely 
rare. The volume was in his own possession. 1 have observed 
DO other until the year 159^ 

Tariaso, see Taraxona. 

TumonUtm, Toumon, a small town of the south-east of France, 
seated on the Rhone. Typography was exercised at Tournon so 
early as the year 1564. The Jesuits possessed a collie here, 
and a pnnting-presa, in 1588. 

an andent city of the interiM- of France, capital of a department, 
and the see of an archbishop. 

We possess only one spedmen of printing executed here during 
the XVth century, namely, a French iwr*M»« i^tke Ufi and mira- 
dxt of St. Martin, printed by Matthew Lateron for Jean du 
- Li^e, in the year 1496. Of this rare book, which is a small 
fc^io, the royal library of Paris possesses a copy printed upon 
vellum. Panzer mentions two Tours books of the XVIth cen- 
tury, both of which are Missals, one bearing the date of 1517, 
the other that of 15S3. 

T^rrelacum, Durlach, a neat town of Germany, in the grand 
duchy of Baden, noted for a manufacture of porcelain. Panzer 
notices only two works printed here, of the dates 1612 and ISSO. 

Turtua, apfe&n to be another name for Abo, the cafHtal of 
Swedish Finland. A Finnith Bible was printed here in 4". in 
1685 ; and an edition of The New Testament, 8vo. in 1775 : 
another, executed for the British and Foreign Bible Society in 
1816, bears the same imprint. 

TVSCVLANVM LACVS BENACI, Toscolano, a small 
town of Austrian Italy, seated near the Lago di Garda, between 
the territories of Brescia and Verona. 

Of four Toscolano books of the XVth century now remaining, 

the earliest is The Grammar of Guarmus Veronensis, or The 

FiAUg of JE»ap in elegiac verse, both executed by Gabriel Petri 

in Wi% The other two books appeared in the following year ; 



S96 TU^VA. 

after which we bear of do other until 15S1. Several editi<MU at 
classic authon were published at Toso^ano during the early part 
of the ensuing century ; the latest date which I have observed is 

Tutda, TuteOa, either Tulle, a conaderable town in the south, 
west of Fnuice, seated at the conflux of the rivers Correze and 
Solane; or l\idela, a laige town in the north-east of Spain, upoo 
the Ebro. In the latter place printing was earned on in the year 
1572: and in the year 1670 a coll^ of Jesuits, which was set- 
tled here, appears to have had a printer of its own. 

Tymavia, or Timaviay Tymau, a Urge and strong town of 
Hungary, seated on the river Tynia, noted for the number of its 
ecclenastical establishments; it formerly contained the national 
university, which, in ^e year 1777, was removed to Ofen by the 
empress Maria Theresa. An ediuon of the Hungarian Bible 
was printed at Tymau in 1626, a copy of which is preserved in 
the royal library at Copenhagen. 

Txennoy see Zinna. 

TZERN06AVIA, Tzchemigov, or Czemigov, a fortified 
town of European Russia, captal of a government of the same 
name ; and ascertained to be the most ancient town existing in the 
Rusnan empire. It is seated on the river Desna, and is the see 
of a Greek archbishop. 

A nngle book, entitled Joonnit Damatceni Octoickut, printed 
here in the year 1408 by Georgius Tzemoevic, in the Slavonic 
(qu : Illyrian ?) tongue, and Cyrillic character, is cited by Panzer 
from Denis. This must be of extreme rarity. At a later period 
Tzemigow became one of the places set apart in Russia for the 
printing of eccleuastical books ; and Bachmeister mentions the use 
of Russian types here in 1670. At present the prinUng businew 
is chiefly in the hands of a seminary of priests. 

VADSTENA, Wadstena, or Wadstein, a town of Sweden, in 
East Gothland, seated on the lake of Wetter, celebrated for pos- 
sesang the relics of St. Bri^tta. 

This is the second town of Sweden into which the art of print- 
ing found its way, the first being Stockholm. The earliest known 
book, as given by Alnander, is VadrtenenMum iHeng con/ratemi- 
tatii, dated 1401, a copy of which u preserved in the royal 


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VA. «97 

•rctuTes of Sweden, and which he conraden to be the second 
book known to have been printed within that kingdom. Although 
Wadstena was the first town of Gothland which could boaiit of a 
press, it was also the first to lose that advantage ; its whole print- 
ing-establishment being unfortunately consumed by a fire which 
took place in the monastery where it was erected, on the night of 
the 14th of October, l49S: nor from that day was it ever restored. 
It is remarkable, that during the short period of the continuance 
of thu press, the monks of the monastery of SS. Mary and Bri- 
gitta being desirous of printing the life and miracles of their saint 
in a more honourable and splendid form than the scantiness of 
their own printing-establishment would permit, repaired with the 
MS. to the town of Lubec in the duchy of Holstein ; where find- 
ing apparatus and materials to their mind, they committed th^ 
work to the press, and in the year 149S produced a roost el^ant 
volume in folio ; of which having struck off 800 copies on paper, 
and sixteen on vellum, they retired to their cloisters, in Sweden. 
One of these vellum copies may be seen in the Bodlnan library. 

Valentia Segaiaunontm, Valence, an epscopal raty of the 
south-east of France, seated on the Rhone : it is of great anti- 
quity, and had formerly an univeraty.' — 160S. 

an ancient and fine tnty in the east of Spain, capital of the pro- 
vince of Valentia. It is an archbishop^s see, and has an univeru^, 
founded in 1470. Valentia enjoys the honour of having been the 
first city d Spain to adopt the typographic art; its earliest known 
book being a collection of poems on sacred subjects, by Bernardo 
FaioBar, and other authors, executed in the year 1474. The 
earliest printers were Alfonso Fernandez de Cordova, and Lam- 
bert Palomar, (or Palmart,) a Gierman ; but their names do not 
appear on any publication antecedent to the year 1478. In 1477, 
or 1478, an edition of the Hol^ Bible in the Valentian dialect 
was printed here ; and a succesnon of works, chiefly on religious 
subjects, proceeded from the Valentia press throughout the re- 
mainder of the XVth century. Santander speaks of the excesnve 
rarity of this Bifde : no copy of it is known to exist ! the last four 
leaves alone were discovered in the archives of Valentia in the 
year 1646 : Santander attributes this entire destructicHi of the 
edition to the Spanish jealousy <^ vernacular translations of the 
Scripture. For more particulars on this interesting subject, the 

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S98 VA. 

reader will do well to consult M'CHe's Hutory^tht Svppm- 
tion afihe Refitrviatioa in Spain. 

The Valentian presses continued in active operation during the 
remainder of this century, and the early part of the succeeding one. 

Valentiniana, or Valencmte, Valenciennes, a large and very 
strong town of French Flanders, seated on the Scheldt. — Printing 
was carried on here, aumptibus Johannis Veniliet, in the year 

VallU Paraffin, Valparaiso, a Cistercian monastery, of the order 
called reffulari^ observantitP, situated somewhere in the kingdom 
of Castile, in Spain. Antonio (torn. i. p. 618.) mentions a work 
printed in this moDaslery, bearing date 1603. 

VALLIS S. MARIi^, Marienthal, or Marihaussen, an Au- 
gustinian monastery (now suppressed) utuated on the right bank 
of the Rhine, opposite to Mentz, in the district of Rhingau, a 
territory belonjnng to that city. We have evidence that typo- 
graphy was early exercised by the reli^ous of this establishment, 
in a volume enutted, Breviarium Pfatterittmqne MagttTitiaenMy 
which bears for imprint, in domojrairum clericorum communis 
vita VaUis Sancta Marias ejiisdem dioceteoa in Rhingkaxyid, 
anno Domini 1474. I do not know any other book executed 
by the monks of Marihaussen, who perhaps merely sent to 
Mentz for a printer to strike off copies of this Bremary under 
their own eye, (as we have had bef<»« occauon to notice,) and 
Panzer remarks that the types are in all probability those ti 
Peter Schoyffer's printing-office. See above, p. 177. This asser- 
tion, however, is strongly opposed by M. Van Praet. Earl Spencer 
possesses a copy of this curious and uncommon volume, and an- 
other is in the royal library of Paris. 

VaUis Umbroia, Vall'ombrosa, a beautiful and celebrated vale 
of Tuscany, distant about eighteen miles ^mj Florence ; fami- 
liarized and endeared to the En^ish reader by Milton's n<Mice of 
it in the first book of his Paradise Lost. 

In a monastery which was founded ia this valley, byVoannes 
Gualbertus, in the year 1070, a prinUng-press was used in the 
banning of the XVIth century. Panzer was acquainted with two 
works executed here, each of which bears the date 1511 : the au- 
thor of both is Angehis Anctchorita, (pTX)bably one of the monks 
of Vairombrosa). I have not seen either of these rare^books, nor 
heard of any other specimen oC this press. 

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VA. 299 

FoUit Vosagiica, a valley of the Pays d« Vauge, seated among 
the Vosges mountains, in Lorriune. Panzer dtes a book dated 
1S07, Joemnis Baaini taodiu conficiendarum epittolarum, which 
bears for imprint, in Voaagicd Vaiie: this may have been exe- 
cuted either at a small town called Voyge, or Voyse, near the 
source of the Meuse, where was a monastery ; or perhaps at Bi- 
pontium, which b stuate in the Pagua Vota^nna- I never 
heard of a second specimen. 

VALLISOLETVM, or PINCIA, Valladolid, an ancient and 
oonaiderahle city of Spain, in the province or kingdom of Leon. 
It is a bishop''s see, and has an university, founded by pope Cle- 
ment the Sixth, in the year 1S46. It may also be mentioned, 
that an English coUc^ for the education of secular clergy was 
founded at Valladolid in the year 1580: it (toon, however, fell 
into the hands of the Jesuits, under whose control it continued 
until the expulsion of that order from Spain. 

There is some doubt about the exact period at which typo. 
grsphy began to be practised in this city. A Spanish translatioD 
of Xiodavico Dolce'a History ofihe Life and Deeds of Orlando, 
profesrang to be printed at Valladolid in 1495, is ^ven by Panzer 
on the authority of P. Marchaod and Maittaire; but tbb in all 
probability is misdated, and belongs to the following century. 
Mendez, however, adduces something like satisfactory proof that 
books were actually printed at Valladolid from the year 1498 
downwards; and we have direct evidence that a press was existing 
in the monastery of our lady de Prado (in the city) in the year 
1500, which conUnued its labours certainly for thirty years fnnn 
that time. In 1514 Arnaldua Gulielmus de Brocar, the Complu- 
tensian printer, executed at Valladolid the £[Hsdes and other 
works of Luaut Marineua, a copy of which is in the Bodl«an li- 

Varadinum, Waradin, or Waradein, a fortified town of Hun- 
gary, capital of the county of Waradein, on the river Koresch. It 
is the see of a Greek bishop, also of a Roman Catholic archbishop. 
PrioUQg was carried on here in the XVIth c«itury ; an ao 
count of which was published by J. F. de Miller in 1804. 

VaraUum, Varallu, a small town of Italy, in the Piedraontese 
states.— 1604. 

Varmvia, or Vartovia, Warsaw, a large and populous city of 
Poland, of which it was fonneriy the metropolis. The late em- 

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300 VA— VE. 

peroT Alexander of Buma erected within it an univernty in the 
year 1816. 

The art of printing was exercised here ao early ae 1578, but 
BocHi afterwards fell into disuae, and 9o continued until about the 
year 1625 ; unce which time it has been carried on without inter- 
ruption. I observe that in 164€ one Fetrus Elert of Warsaw 
styles himself " typographer to the king of Poland i'^ in good 
truth his majesty was but scurvily provided. At the banning 
<^ the XVIIIth century the Jesuits established a press of their 
own within the city of Warsaw. At the present time Warsaw is 
reported to contain twenty printing-establishments, beddes that oi 
the government; and also a type-foundry, which was recently in- 
troduced by M. Glucksberg, printer and bookseUer to the um- 

Vatarhely, or Varhely, a town in the south-east of Hungary. — 

Vatatum, or Batatumt Bazas, a small town of France, in Gui- 
enne, situate on the river Beuve: it was fonnerly the see of a 
Inshop. It appears that printing was practised here at an early 
period, from a vcak by Joannes Dibarrola, which bears for im- 
print, Impretmm Yatati per Claudium Gamier, A. D. 1590. 
This is a small quarto volume; and Van Praet informs us that a 
veUum copy of it is preserved in the library <^ S. Cr^neviSve at 

Yaiigirard, a small village within one league of Paris. A book, 
entitled Querelle de Gtteiltier Garguille et de Perrine ta Jemnu, 
bears this imprint ; but qusere whether the name of the place be 
not falsely stated P 

Ubii, see Colonia Jgrippina. 

Ucleanan, or Urceta, Ucles, a small town of the interiw of 
Spain in New Castile. Antonio (torn. i. p. 544.) mentions that he 
had seen a book printed here in 16S4. 

Veldkirckium, w Fddkirchia, Feldkirck, a town of the Tyrol, 
capital of a district of the same name, seated on the river III. A 
Metiologiam BenedKtinum, by G.BiuxUmu, is noticed as having 
been printed here in the year 1655. 

VeUtriBf Velletri, a con^derablc and very ancient town of Italy, 
in the pope's dominions, the see of a bishop. It was the birth- 
place of the Roman emperor Augustus. Printing was executed 
here in 1644. 

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VeneH, or Venetia Dariorignm, Vannes, an ancient, populous, 
and commercial seaport-town of France, in Bretagne : it is also a 
lasbop's see, and chief town of a department. — 1678. 

VENETIjE, Venice, a dty of the north-east of Italy, too well 
known throughout the whole of Europe to need a description 

1 believe it is Dow generally conceded that the introduction of 
the typographic art into Venice was the work of Johannes Spira> 
His first essay was an edition c^ Cicero't Ejnttola ad /'oini/ia- 
rei, of which he executed two disunct impKsnons in the year 
1469: (both of them, almost equally rare, are in the Bodleian:) 
be also printed a fine edition of PUity's Historia Naturedit, folio* 
in the same year, (of which a magnificent copy upon vellum, is in 
the royal library of Paris ; and a ramilar one in that of the empe- 
ror of Austria, at Vienna.) As a reward for these productions 
Spira obtained from the Venetian senate the exclurave privilege of 
printing fax five years, tt^ther with an admission that he was the 
earliest practiser of the art in Venice. 

A volume is well known to literary men,, entitled Decor PueUa- 
ruffl, which, bearing the date of 1461, for some time claimed for 
this city an earlier acquaintance with the art of printing, and for 
its printer, Nicolas Jenson, a laurel which is now denied him : 
but the correctness of this date has been shewn to be no loiter 

Printing appears to have made a most rapid progress in Venice: 
John Spira, dying in 1470, was immediately succeeded by his 
brother Vindelin de Spra ; whose first production appears to have 
been the well-known editicn of lAvjf, in two large folio volumes; 
and whose TacUut (of 1470) is the earliest volume in which 
catck-teords are found:' by Nicolas Jenson, printer of the Decor 
PaeBarwn named above, and of many other beautifully executed 
vdumes, in the same year 1470 : by Christopher Valdarfer in the 

• M. Van Praet relites ■ corlon* uecdole r«gpectin; t copy of thi> fine book, 
printed upon Tcllum, wbich it aavr in the royal library of Ptni. The copy had b««n 
^Tcn to tbe Jcanits ofLyonii, by Pire la OiaiK coaftefior to Louis XIV, in the year 
1685. At the lopprestiua of tliU community, it felMnto the handa of the Doc de I* 
Valli^, after wliose death it vaa traDirerred to tbe public library of LyoDS ; wbeo, 
at the sirge of that totrn in the year 1793, a caDDOD-biU penelrated Uie library, and 
tore in pieces tbe fint Tolame, leaving tbe second anCoachcd and unhurt In this 
mutOated itate the copy waa depoglted, and now remaini, in die royal library of 

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3M V£ 

■ame year,— a. person who will be long retDembered id EDgland 
M the printer of the celebrated edition of Boccacio's Decamerone, 
(folio, 1471)) for the only known perfect copy of which the mar- 
quess of Blandfbrd (present duke of Marlborough) gave the enor- 
mous sum of £itSSO sterling, at the public sale of the Rozeburg^e 
library, the largest sum ever known to have been given for a 
printed book : — by Clemens Patavinus, said to be the earliest 
printer who was a native of Italy, in 1471 : by Johannes de Co> 
kxtift, and others too numerous to mention, la fact, the reader 
may form some judgment of the extent to which typography was 
canied at Venice within the short period of thirty years from its 
introduction, when he is uAd that Panzer reckons, up to the year 
1500, no fewer than one hundred and ninety-eight printers, and 
two thousand nine hundred and dghty works executed by them 
within this city. Of these men more than sixty had begun to 
work before the close of the year 1180. One of them does the 
world the favour to inform it that he is " Magister Johannes die. 
" tus magnuH Herbert de Siligenstadt, Alemanus, qui (salvS om- 
" nium pace ausim illud aiSrmare) csteros fadle omnes hftc tem- 
'* pestate supereminet'" ! Oh the coxcomb ! 

Aniong the Venetian printers, the most deservedly famous are 
tboee of the Manutian or Aldine family, whose earlier editions 
display not more elegance of execution than editorial learning and 
correctness. The elder Aldus Manutius was not only himself a 
learned man, but was on terms of the highest intimacy with all 
the scholars of his day. To him we are indebted for the editio- 
net principet of many of the Greek classic authors, as also for the 
introduction of what is called the Italic letter, which is said to 
have been formed in imitaUon of the handwriting of Petrarch ; 
it was designed by Aldus for the pocket editions of the clasncs 
which he meditated, and was first used in his 8°. edition of Virgil 
ot the year 1501. The Aldine office was opened about 1494, in 
which year the first book known to be of his prinUng, the Erote- 
mata ^Consiantine Lascaris, is dated. An interesting account 
of this family, of which the lineal descendants continued for up- 
wards of a century to carry on the business of printjog, together 
with a most minute and accurate description of the books exe- 
cuted by them, may be found in Renouard's Annalea de Vimpri- 
merie dea Aides, 3 torn. 8°. Paris 1803-1809, ibid. 1825. 

Printing conunued to be carried <m here with equal spirit dur- 

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VE. 808 

ing tlie Bucceeding century, and to Venice we are undoubtedly in- 
debted for many of the most valuable editions of works in every 
department of literature ; it must be admitted however that the 
beauty, so conspicuous in the early specimens of its typography, 
b no longer virable as we reach the last ten or fifteen years of the 
XVth century : the editions may have been more commodious, 
more correct, and letn expennve, but they possess none of those 
graces and elegances of appearance which captivate us in the early 
productions of Spira, Valdarfer, and Jenson. It has been gene- 
rally remarked that the earlier books of all countries and pnnters 
were struck off in the larger sizes : the first minute volume ot 
which I have observed a notice, is a Diuniale precum, printed at 
Venice in 1478, which is in twenty-fours. 

Venice also muntained a Hebrew preat of great celebtity, dur- 
ing the early part of the XVIth century, under the direction <^ 
Daniel Bomberg, whose Hebrew and Rabbinical Bible, Psalt^, 
&c. of 1517 and following years are suffidently known to the 

It is asserted, that about the year 1518 Paganinus BrixienMs 
published at Venice the Coran m Jrabic, b^ng the first printed 
edition <^ that work ; but that the impression was so rigorously 
and Buccessiulty suppressed by the pope, that not a single oopy 
can now be discovered to exist. De Rossi has published a tract 
respecting this edition, but has not succeeded in persuading 
Schnurrer, who in his Bibtiotheca Arabka declares that he bat 
still strong doubts of its ever having had an existence. 

About the same period Arabic printitig was exercised at the 
town of Faoo and at Genoa ; so that De Rossi remarks, that 
while DO Arabic types were to be found in any other part of Eu- 
rope, three towns of Italy possessed and were making use of them 
at the seme mcHnent. According to the statement of Bachmeister, 
printing in Rtuaian types was executed at Venice in the year 
1537: and a Gloffolitic or Slavonic Miseal, printed here in 15S8, 
is spoken of by Dobrowski in his GlagoUtica, 8°. 1607- Panzer 
mentions nothing of these facts : the book undoubtedly is among 
the very rarest of rarities. 

Vepery, Wepery, or Wipery, a villsge near to Madrass, fonn- 
ing one of the suburbs of that rity. It is a station ori^nally 
founded by Danish missionaries, and for many years past sup- 
ported by the English Society for promoting Christian knowledge. 

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A printing-preu was employed here by the miBeioDarieH, at least 
BO early as ITtit, in vhich year a TamvUc vernon o^ the New 
Testament was executed at Vepeiy. This pi^ss having Bubee- 
quently fallen into disuse was reestabluhed with increased means 
about 1880, or 1881. 

Vera Cruz, a conuderable seaport and trading town of Mexico, 
or New Spain, the centre of all European and West Indian com- 
merce, but seated in a r^on most destrucbve to human health 
from the insalubrity of the air. 

In the year ISSS a periodical literary moik, entitled " £uteipe," 
was in regular course of publication in this town. 

VERCELLjS, Vercelli, an ancient and considerable town of 
Italy, in Piedmont, capital of a district, and a bishop's see. 

The only remuniug proof of piinting having been exercised 
here duiing the XVth century is Nicolai de Auxmo auppUmen- 
tum tummat Pitanell<E, which was printed in 148S by Jacolnnus 
de Suico de S. Germano, who in the following year removed him- 
self to Chivazzo. Nothing more appears respecting the Vercelli 
press during that or the ensuing centuiy. I have met with no 
speumen earlier than 1603. (TCD.) 

Viretty a country seat of tbe due d'Aiguillon, in the province 
of Tourune in France : the duke erected here a printing-press in 
1735, at which was printed a collection of French pieces, bearing 
the imprint of Anama, in that same year ; it is said that only 
seven or twelve co[»e8 of this work were struck off. 

Verodunum, or Virdunum, Verdun, a large and strong town 
in the north-east of France, in the department of the Meiise. 
The earliest Verdun book which I have seen is of the year 1583. 
Verdun is remembered by English readers, as the place of confine- 
meat of many of their countrymen, who were detained by order 
of Buonaparte after the breaking out of war between the two 
countries in 1803. For the use of these prisoners an English 
prayer-book was printed at Verdun in the year 1810, with some 
peculiarities which are best described in the following extract from 
a letter addressed by the Rev. Wm. Gordon, late chaplain to the 
British prisoners of war at Verdun, to the late bishop of Oxford^ 
(Dr.Lloyd,) accompanying a copy of the edition in question, which 
is now preserved in the Bodleian library. '* A number vd British 
** subjects, who had gone to travel in France during the peace vS 
" Amiens with passports ftom both governmeiUs, were neverthe- 

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" less detained by order of Buonaparte on the recommeocement 
" of hostilities in May, 1803, and sent pnsoners to Verdun. The 
<' officers of the army and navy, captured during the pn^^rees of 
** the war, and other pristniers on parole, were sent to the Hame 
" depdt. The seamen and soldiers were for the most part con- 
" fined in other towns. 

" Avwag those who were ori^ally detuned were a few clei^- 
" men, and other memb^i <^ the two universitieB. These gen- 
*' tlemen obtained permisaon from the French authorities for the 
" prisoners to assemble t(^;etber tn the different depdts for the 
" celebration of divine wfjrehip according to the liturgy of the 
" church of England. 

— *' Representations having been made to the committee that 
" many of the priBoners in the different depdts were unprovided 
" with prayer books, a selection of the principal services was made 
** and printed for their use. Mr. Maude took the trouble of so- 
" perintending the press. It was thought advisable to omit the 
" prayer * to be used in time of war and tumults,' and that part of 
" the ' prayer for the kiDg''s majesty,'' which prays for ' strength 
" that he may vanquish and overcome idl his enemies,^ lest the 
" pubhcatJon of them mi^t ^ve umbrage to the French govem- 
" n>ent, and afibrd a pretext for withdrawing the permission ftw, 
" the celebration of divine worship: but in reading the service 
" the whide of these prayers or the «milar passage in the Litany 
" was generally used : and the spaces were left v(rid in the book. 
" that each individual might have the power of filling them up at 
" his own discretion.^ 

The volume is in 12mo, and bears for imprint, ^* Verdun, 
" prints by Lewis Christophe, place d'armes. 1810. 

VERONA, Verona, an ancient and well-known city of Austrian 
Italy, the capital of the Veronese, and a bishop's see. 

Verona waS early in admitting the art of printing, of which we 
have evidence in an Italian poetic version of the Batracbomy- 
omachia of Homer, by Georgia Sommariva, which professes to 
have been printed here in the year 1470. Dr. IMbdin however . 
doubts the genuineness of this date, and as^gns the first place to 
an edition of Valiuritis de re mUkari, printed in liTS, The 
strength of his arguments may be examined by consulting the 
Supplement to the BiUiotheca Spenceriana, page 31. 

The fim printer appears to have been Joannes Veronensis, 

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806 VE. 

who was followed by ax or Beven others during the XVlb cen- 
tury ; amongst these we find one of those itinerants, Peter Mauf- 
fer, who began by exercinng his trade at Padua, next came to 
Verona, afterwards worked at Venice, and finally, at Modena. 

The Verona presses continued in activity during the XVth 
and XVlth centuries. A fine copy of a book printed by the Salni 
on veUum, in the year \5'SS,, is preserved in the BodJaan library. 

Versaliee, VCTsailtes, a large, handsome, and populous town of 
France, distant twelve miles from Paris ; near to which Louis 
the Fourteenth constructed the splendid palace and gardens of 
Versailles, which continued to be the favourite residence of the 
royal family until the disastrous period of 1769- 

Within this palace several printing-presses were at various 
times erected for the amusement of members of the royal family, 
at which even the kings themselves have sometimes condesceuded 
to employ a leisure hour. TTie earliest of these noUced by P«gnot 
is the press of Madame la Dauphine, established in 1758, at 
which she herself assisted in the printing of a French work, £fc- 
vationa Du Caw i N. S. Jesw Christ, &c. 1758, in 16°. In 
1760, the duke of Burgundy, the king's brother, had a press of 
his own here, from whidi issued Priirea A Ffuage del eKfcma de 
France, 1760, in 12*>. The marchioness of Pompadour hkewise 
-had a press in her apartments in the same year, 1760, from which 
she sent forth Rodogune, a tragedy, by P. Comeille, with the im- 
print, au Nord, 1760, in 4°. at the banning of which book is a 
plate engraved by her own hand. Louis the Sixteenth, while 
dauphin, had also a press at Versailles in the year 1766, Jrom 
which came Maximei morales et politique» HrAe de Telemaque, 
printed by his own hand in 1766, 8". of which twenty-five copies 
were struck off. 

Beades these royal presses, one was established at Versailles in 
Uie War-office, expressly intended for the printing of official 
papers connected with that establishment. It continued only from 
die year 1766 to 177S. 

The town of Versiulles had also its printers like other places. 
The earliest Vers^Iles book which I have observed is of the dale 

' While opoD the labject of royal preuet, I mty oburre that the other palwn of 
tlie FrcDch mooircbi baie at diffsi^ni Umo pow«tMd similar esUbliahmcDU. Car- 
dinal Bldieliea caiwd one to be erected in the Lodvr ; and Uml* die Fonneenfli bad 

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VE.— VI. 807 

VerviergSt a coosiderable maaufacturing town of the Netber- 
lands, ntuale in the province of Liege. 18%. 

Vetalia Clivorwn, Wesel, an old town of the Prussian States, 
in the duchy of Cleves, sealed on the Rhine. Printing was car- 
ried OD here in the year 1543, when, amongst other books, an Eng- 
lish publication of George Jot/e, against Stephen Gardiner bi- 
shop of Winchester, was executed at Wesel. 

Vetontio, see Bisuntium. 

VemUam, Veaoul, a small town of France, in Burgundy. 
Peignot mentjons three books printed here, two in 1809, the other 
in an rni. (1799) the latter of which, written by J. A. Marc, 
bears the fictitious imprint, en ArcadU. Of the one, twm^ copies 
only were struck off; of the other, eighteen ; and of the third, 

Viana, Viana de foz de Lima, a seaport town of Portugal, 
situate near the mouth of the river Lima. Antonio, (vol. ii. p. 
19.) mentions printing here in the year 1619. 

VUni Forum, denotes ^ther Pezzana, a small town of the north 
of Italy, in Piedmont; or Castel Fiori, a small village distant five 
miles from the above. 

D. Moreni (Tom. I. p. 117) mentions a work bearing the im- 
print Fori Vibiorum, dated 1684: which he pronounces very 
rare. I know of no other specimen. 

Vilnsctu, or Viviacum, Vevay, a large town of Switzerland, in 
the Pays de Vaud. Printing was exercised in Vevay in the year 
1605 : and the well-known book, General Ludhtc'a memoirs, was 
printed here in 1698. At Vevay that stem republican found an 
asylum, and there closed his eyes in peace in the year 1698- 

V^mrgvm, Wiburg, an old city of Denmark, capital of North 
Jutland. Printing was established here so early as 1SS8. But 
only two books from hence are cited by Panzer, both in the 
Danish language, by an author named Hana Tazcsen. At a very 
recent period (18S4) a curious work is announced to have pro- 
ceeded from the press of Wiburg, being a Dictionary of the cant 
andjlash languages used by rogues and vagabonds in the isle of 
Jutiand, compiled by M. Dorph, 

one tn hii pilaca of tbe Tuilleriei, from whicb iuued in 1718 « «ori[ cnlilled Conn 
da fr iAt^au x JUmia rivitru dr F Eurtpt, ■ imaUqiiuto of 78 page*, taldto bire 
been compowd aod printed bj the klp^t on luuid. 

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308 VI. 

VICENTIA, Viceiua, an ancient and fine dty of Austrian 
Italy, the capital of a province, and a Inshap'a see. 

The earliest specimen of Vieensa typography ia an edition of 
t/oAn Ihtns Scotti^ on the Sentences, executed by Joannes de 
Reno in 1473. Both this printer and Leonardus Achates de' 
Basiled, who commenced buuness in the following year, some- 
times date their books in Sancto Uraio prope Vincentiam, or in 
Sancto Ursio VincentitE districtu. St. Oreo appeare to have been 
a quarter of the city ao called : and I notice it in this place merely 
with a view of obviating any mistake which might arise : but 
Santander states it to be a distinct villa^, and affirms that the art 
was exercised here be/vre it was introduced into the dty. Panzer 
adduces one hundred books printed in Vicenza during the XVth 

iS*" Victor prope Mogimtiam, a monastery of Mayence. An 
edition of Optatua against the Donatists, printed in 1540, bears 
for imprint, Apud S. Victorem prope Moguntiam, ex tjfficind 
Francisci Behem typograj^. To this are added some works of 
John CochliBta and others, bearing the same imprint and date, 
fonning together a large and handsome folio volume. (Bodl.TCD.) 

Vicua ^quensia, Vico Equana, or Vico di Sorrento, an episco- 
pal town of Italy, seated near the edge of the bay of Niq>les. It 
was built by Charles the Second in the year ISOO, near to the 
ruins of the ancient town of Equa. 

Printing was exerdsed here towards the close of the XVIth 
century : the earliest book which I have seen is a work of Jo. 
Baptista Porta on Human Physiognomy, which bean for im- 
print, Vici -^quenais, apud Joaepkum Cacckiura, 1586. It is a 
well-executed volume in folio, with a good portrait of Porta in 
the title, and filled with engravings of human physiognomy in 
almost all concdvable varieties, such as we have latterly so much 
admired in the works <^ Lavater. This interesting publication 
may be seen in the Fagel Ubmry at Dublin. 

I observe that the Pinelli C«talogue (No. 2706) mentions a 
work of Tanaillo, earlier by one year than this. 

VIENNA AVSTRI^, or VINDOBONA, Vienna,^he capi- 
tal of the Austrian empire. It is a city of great antiquity, the see 
of an archbishop; and has an univereity, founded by duke Ru- 
dolph the Fourth, in 136d, which was raised to its present im- 
portance by the empress Maria Theresa. 

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VI. 309 

Panzer cites Tractatut dittinctionum Johannia Meyger, and 
three oth«- works bearing the imprint of Vienna, and the date 
1482, which Denis believes to have been executed by some 
printer reading there only for a short time. The first Vienna 
printer, whose name appears, is John Winterburg, in the year 
14dS. The art cwitinued to be carried on there in a creditable 
manner during the succeeding century. 

. At Vienna was printed the first edition of the Hungarian New 
Testament, viz. in the year 1636. (Panzer, vol. vi, p. S6.) 

VIENNA IN DELPHINATU, Vienne, a considerable town 
of France, in Dauphin^, seated on the banks of the Rhone. 

Of six Vienne books of the XVth century noticed by Panzer, ' 
the earliest ia a work of Nicdlaut de Clemangia, printed here in 
1481. The only printer whose name (K»:ur8, is Peter Schenk, in 
1484. But it appears that printing was practised at Vienne at a 
period antecedent to that which Panzer specifies ; unce the Rt. 
Hon. Thomas Grenville poeseaaeB a work entitled CardtnaU* 
Lotharingim Traciatua qumque, executed at Vienne in 1478. 

From 1484 to 1636, &c. we hear nothing of the typography of 
thb town. 

Vignon. Eustathius Vignon, a printer at Geneva towards the 
close of the XVIth century, adopted the practice, at that period 
common amongst those of his craft, of leaving out the name of 
the town, and merely inserting his own in the imprint of his 

Vigomui, Worcester, an ancient inland city of England, cajHtal 
of a county, and a bishop's see. 

The art of printing was practised in this city from 1548 to 155S 
by John Oswen, a printer from Ipswich, who executed here about 
twenty books, mostly of a religious nature, particular accounts of 
which may be seen in Herbert's Ames, vol. III. 

ViUahraxima (qu F) Mendez presents us with this name of one 
of the places in Spun at which the art of printing was carried on ; 
but he gives us no further parUculars. 

ViUafranca, (Villefranche,) ia the name of several towns in 
France, Italy, and Spain ; but it is difficult to determine what 
books have really been printed at any of them, inasmuch as the 
name ViUafranca, like that of Eleittheropolig, is attached to a 
great number of volumes, the contents of which were of such a 
nature as to make it necessary for the authors and publishers to 

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810 VI. 

di^uiae theniBelves )u much as possible. Yet witboat doubt 
printing, was carried od id Villefranche on the Saone, as earij as 
1671 at least. 

Viliagarna, qu. in Spain? A college of Jesuits possessed a 
printiDg-house here in the year 1761, in which they published 
OputcuJa Graca lui utum SeminarH PiUagartiennt, 12ino, typit 
Seminarti. The book is licensed by the Provincial of the Jesuits 
at Valladolid. Mendez names Villagarcta among the Spanish 
towns at which the art of printing has been carried m. 

ViBa nova In/hntium, Villa nueva de log infantes, a town of 
Spain in the province of La Mancha. Antonio notices printing 
here in the year 1628. 

ViJla-ViTidU is the name of some jJace in Portugal, at which 
Antonio (torn. ii. p. 1S9.) declares typography to have heea exer- 
cised by Antoniua Riberius in the year 1581. 

ViBa vitioaa, Villa Vipoza, is the name of two towns in Spmn, 
of one in South America, and one in Portugal. At this last An- 
tonio notices printing in the year 16S6. 

Vilna, Wilna, a large and populous city of European Bussa, 
capital of Lithuania, and a bishop's see: having a castle, a royal 
palace, and an university, erected in 1570. In ^e XVIth cen- 
tury Wilna was the residence of various sects; Jews, Mahrw 
metana, members of the Greek church, Sodnians, Calvinists, and 

It has been thought that the earliest printing-press was that of 
the Calvinists, which was brought into the city by Daniel Lanci- 
cius, about the year 1580. (Bodl.) (In fact I have seen theim 
print Vilna to a book of the year 1573, but there is no doubt 
that this was purposely feigned.) Yet Bachmeister, in his Essay 
on the St. Petersburg library, asserts that printing was exercised 
here so early as 1517, and cites an edition of the Jets of the 
Apoatleg of that year, a copy of which he declares to be in the 
patriarchal library at Moscow. Henderson also notices printing 
at Vilna in 15^. In 1583 the Socinians established a press here. 
The Jesuits erected one in the XVIth century, and the Jews pos- 
sessed one in the XVIIth century : the former, according to Hoff- 
man, was almost the only one which remained in the city at the 
year 1740. In the year 1818 a typographical society was estab. 
lished at Wilna; and in 1820 there were 6ve printing-oBicee in 
the town. 

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VI. 8U 

Fmaria, or FHtTiario, Weimar, a considerable town of the in- 
terior of Germany, capital of the grand duchj of Saxe- Weimar. 
PriDtiog was in use here in 1701. 

Pincenneg, a small town of France, seated on the Sane, three 
miles east of Paris. — 1755. 

Vincentius. Books of the date 1561, &c &c. which bear fia- 
intprint apud Ymcertiiwn, without the name of any town, are 
the work of ADthontus Vincentius, a printer of Lyoru. 

St. Vincent, a town of Spain, in Asturias, seated on the bay of 
Biscay. An edition of the Controversies between Pope Paul V. 
and the Venetians bears for imprint. In VUla SanvincetUiana 
apud Pauivm MarceUttm, lumptUnu Ct^doriantB SodelaHt, anno 
1607, but is by DO means of Spanish workmanship: I rather 
judge that the whole of the tracts connected with this bunneas, 
which profess to have been printed at various places, as Augv 
burg, Saumur, Rome, Venice, &c. have thdr origin in the Low 
Countries, and proceeded from the presses of Antwerp, Rotter- 
dam, or the Hague. Printing, however, was incontestably exer- 
cised at St. Vincent in the year 1645. 

Vmdedtemium, or Vmiaima, Vinsheim, or Windshnm, a small 
but ancient town of Germany, in Bavarian Franconia, formerly 
imperial ; or, perhaps, Windesheim, near to Zwoll in Holland, a 
celebrated rehg^ous establishment, of the order called^^-o^m com- 
munit vittE, — 1680. 

FindtHun?, see Cenomanum, 

Vindobona, see VienTta AusiritE, 

Vindocmum, Venddme, an andent and ramuderable town of the 
centre of France, capital of a department, pleasantly seated on the 
ri^t bank of the Loire.— 1667. 

VIQVERIA, qu. Voghera, (Ficw In<e,) a considerable town 
of Italy in the Sardinian dominions P Neither Laire nor Panzer 
can satisfy themselves as to the meaning of this name, which oc- 
curs in the imprint of one ungle book, a work of Alexander de 
Imold, which bears in the colophon, Jacc^nu de Sancto Nazario — 
edidit VigueruE caUndis Juniia 14<86. This printer, three years 
subsequently, was exercising his art at Milan. 

Ftrmaranum, Guimaraens, an ancient and fine town of Portu- 
gal, in the province of Entre-Douro e Minho, formerly the re«- 
detice of the kings. 

FwteuiR, Viseu, or Viseo, an andmt inland town of Portugal, 

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818 VI. 

in the provitiee of B«ra: it is a biihop'a see. Printing was car- 
ried on here in 1571. 

Vitiiigia, Wisingsoe, or WiaingBburg, an ibUdcI in the lake of 
Wetter, in the provioce of Junkopiog, in Sweden. 

Its proprietor, the count Peter Brahe, who is called Drolxttiu 
regm, having establi^ed a school at Winngsburg in the year 
16S6, for the furtherance of literature erected there a press of his 
own in 1667, which continued until 1681, when the island was 
ceded to Sweden : in 1688 the press was removed to Jiinkoping. 
The first printer was Johannes Kankel, himself a learned man, 
who declares the first specimen of his press to be IHnerarium 
Nicolai Matthiie Ki^ngi, dated 1667. Gestrin and Axner> 
who published a special dissertation on the Wisingsburg printing- 
establishment, (**. Upsal, 1738,) enumerate and describe twenty- 
eight books, executed here, chiefly in the Swedish language, de- 
claring at the same time that all of them are rare, and some ex- 
tremely so, frotn the small number of copies which were struck 

Vismaria, or Witmaria, Wisroar, a strong seaport town of 
Germany, in the grand duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.— 1698. 

VitoUnumf Wyaolyin, qu«re what town ? In the aecrnid edition 
of the Hungarian Bible printed at Hanau in 1608, the editor, 
Alberus Molnar, menUons the first edition to have been printed 
about twenty years previously, (1588,) by Caspar Corolinus, at 
Viaolinum ; stating that he himself was witness to the execution 
of this edition, having been often sent to the printing-office with 
the proof-sheets. 

Vitemifrga, Vitteburga, or Wittemberga, called also Leucorea^ 
and in one book, AUAori in SaasoniA, Wittemburg, a strong and 
famous city of Prussian Saxony, formerly capital of an electoral 
inrcle : it possesses a celebrated university, memorable as the cra- 
dle of the Reftwmation, which was founded by Frederic the third, 
elector of Saxony, in 150%; but this for many years past has 
been annexed to that of Halle. A Protestant will never for- 
get, that in this city, on the 30th of September in the year 
1517, Martin Luther commenced the glorious B^ormaticm of re- 

It has been supposed that the art of printing was introduced 
into Wittemburg in the XVth century ; and a book dated 1488 
was adduced by Maittaire, as printed at this place : Panzer how- 

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VI. 813 

ever shews this to bsve been founded in error. It is probable 
that prioting accompanied the establishment of the university, and 
we find the earliest book noticed to be of the year 1503. Several 
of Luther's works were executed here, and the original editions of 
MeJancthoti's Loci Communes, and of the celebrated Confegnott 
ofAttgsburg, proceeded from the presses of Wittemburg, 

VITERBIVM, Viterbo, an ancient town of Italy, capital of a 
del^ation or district in the states of the Church, and a bishop's 

The grammatical work of Servita Hanoratiu, printed here in 
1488, by an unnamed printer, is the only known spedmen of 
prioting exercised in this city duiing the XVth century. I have 
seen no other Viterbo book bearing a date anterior to the year 

Vi&t S. Maria Motuuterium, La Vid, is the name of a &mou8 
Spanish monastery of the Prtemonstratenuan order, atuated on 
the river Douro, at the distance of tax miles from the city of Osma 
in Old Castile. This monastery was founded by king Alphonso 
Vlth, and was called Vius S. Marite from the circumstance of an 
image of the Virgin having been found by that king among the 
vines which then grew upon the spot. This image subsequently 
worked miracles within the monastery, 

Antonio, in his BibUotheca Hiapana, (tom. i. p. 176,) mentions 
• work of Bemardua de Leon, printed in Monasterio Vitis dyp~ 
ceais Oanmenns, in 1636. 

Fitodumm Helvetiorttm, Winterthour, an ancient town of 
Switzerland, in the canton of Zuric. The authorities of Zurich 
cUimed the right of preventing the erection of a printing-press in 
Winterthour, lest it should interfere with the interesU of thar 
own dty. Coxe, in his " Travels," mentions that a dispute on 
the subject was b«ng carried on in the year 1778. However, 
the clum appears to have been abandoned. — 1789. 

VU/y-le-Fran^it, a considerable town of France, in Cham- 
pagne. — 1759- 

Vittoria, a large town of Spun, chief of the province of AUva, 
seated on the river Zadora. 

Mendez notices this among the Spanish towns in which the art 
of printing was carried on, but ^ves us no information respecting 
the period of its introduction. 

Viwicumy see Vibiscum. 

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Viitagapatam, a town, captal of a disttict of the same name, in 
the Northern Circan, a province of Deccan, in India. AoMrding 
to the catalogue of the library of the BritJsh and Foreign Bihle 
Sooety, the Gospel of St. Mark was printed here, in the Telinga 
dialect, in 1813. 

VLMA, Ulm, a lai^ and strongly fortified cnty of the south- 
west ot Germany, in Wirtemburg, seated on the Danube. 

From the year 14>7S, the art of printing was carried on with 
8[nrit here, till the cloee of the XVth century. The earliest book 
luiown is Alberttu MagnuM de Myaterio MUsa^ executed in 1 473 
by John Zeiner de ReutliDgen, perhaps a brother of Gunter ZainWj 
who first introduced typc^raphy into the city of Augsburg. 

Ubfsaeea, Ultzen, a town of Germany, in the priodpality of 
Zell. Le Long mentions printing here in the year 1575. 

lUytainga, UlyasingeD, or Flushing, a strong sea-port of the 
Netherlands, in the isle of Walcheren. Samuel Claeys Versterre 
was a printer here in 1630.— (TCD.) 

VLYSSIPO, or OLYSSIPO, {in one book Lj/ao,) Lisbon, a 
well-known city, the capital of Portugal. It is an archbbhop's 
see, and once contained an university, founded in 1S90, which 
was transferred to Coimhra in 1541. 

A Hebrew printing-office was established here during the XVth 
century, the earliest known book irom which is of the close of the 
year 1489: yet Panzer does not omit to nouce that the Sepher 
Orach CAaiimof 1485, mentioned before under the article ^oro, is 
executed in a character similar to that which shortly afterwards 
was in use at Lisbon, and therefore may possibly have been printed 
in this city. Be^des Hebrew books, little printing appears to have 
been done at Lisbon before 15S6, the year with which Panzer's en- 
quiries terminate. We may however add to the printers named 
by him, Germanus Gallard, " impress^ ragius," I5S2 to 1551 : 
Ludovicus Rodriguez, 1539 &n- : Johannes Alvarez, " impresses 
" regius," 1569 : FranciscuB Correa, 1568 &c. : Andreas Lobatot 
1587: and Antonius Alvarez, "impressor ref^us,^ from 1595 
to 1642. A Latin work by Damieo Goes, called Obtidio urbit 
Lovanientii, printed here in 1546, is in the library of Trinity 
College, Dublin ; and books of the years 154S and 1567, are tn 
the Bodleian. 

Uman, a small town in the west of European Busua, in the 
government of Eieu. 

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Printing appears to have been exennsed here in tbe year 1680, 
from a book of tbia date now in the " Bibliotbeca Marsdeniana :" 
this is a metrical History of the Bible, in the Slavonic language, 
and bears the imprint, llmnetie, 1685. 

Vneuekoi Monatterium, or tbe monastery of Sl Alexander 
Newsky, rituate wltbiD the dty of Moscow. 

Bachmraster mentions printing executed here in the year 169S. 

United States qf America. In addition to the numerous dties 
and towns of America, the introduction of the art of printing into 
which is detailed with greater or less minuteness by Is. Thcnnas, 
this writer gives us at the end of his work the following names of 
places within the United States, ia which newspapers (at least) 
were published in or before the year 1810. As he furnishes no 
particulars of any kind, I merely copy the names, as mentioned by 
bim, some <^ which perhaps may amuse the reader. 

Nete Hampshire. 

























St. Albans. 




























JVW Jersey. 

Rhode island. 




















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VO.— UP. 




















Morgan town 



















North Carolina. 



Edeoton . 















South Carolina. 


















Many of these places are of little or no note ; and it is probable 
that in several of them the art of printing was carried on for a 
' very short Ume, and merely for temporary purposes. 

Voegel. Books bearing the imperfect imprint, typia Voege- 
liania, were executed by a printer of this name at Leipsic, at the 
close of the XVIlh and beginning of the XVIIth century. 

FoioferriE, Volterra, an ancient inland town of Tuscany, in the 
territory of Pisa. It is a bishop's see. — 1763. 

UpsaUa, Upeal, an ancient and celebrated city of Sweden, in 
the province of Upland, formerly the metropolis of the whde 
kingdom. It is the see of an archbishop: and the birth-place of 
LinnteuB. Its univer^ty, the most ancient in Sweden, was founded 
by archbishop Ulpho, in 1477 ; and enlarged by Gustavus Add- 


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pliuB ill 1642: and its royal Academy is well known ihroiighout 
Europe by the annual publication of the Upsal Transactiona. 

It is believed that printing was first exerdsed in Uiis city about 
the year 1510, by Paul Griis, three of whose books are Darned, 
the earliest of them being a. Latin Psalter, with the imprint, /m- 
preaaum Upsali<E in domo VenerabiUs patria domini dociorU 
RavaMi ATchidiachoni iindem per Paulum Griia arnio Dni 
MDX: but Alnander observes that there is some little uncer- 
tainty about the exact period of the introduction of the art It 
appears to have declined about 1541, after the publication of an 
edidon of the Swediah BiMe in that year, [a small folio with 
wood-cuts, a copy of which (on the authority of Fortia) is jn-e- 
served in the library <^ the Academy of Sdences at Stockholm ; 
a second, in the collection of M. Ginurwell, librarian to the king ; 
and a third, in the univer^ty library of Upsal,] and to have re- 
vived in 1604. 

Charles the Eleventh gnmted to the college of National Anti- 
quities a typt^rapher of their own : the university likewise pos- 
sessed a printing-establishment peculiar to themselves. 

In the year 1686 the femous Olaus Rudbeck erected a press in 
bis own house at Upsal, which, together with the founh volume 
of his great work, the Atlaniica, was consumed in the dreadful 
fire which laid waste that city in the year 170S. Of this fourth 
volume not more than three or four cofues are supposed to have 
escaped, one of which is treasured up in the library of the univer- 
sity of Upsal, and another in the royal library at Stockholm. 
Only two hundred and ten pages of the volume were finished at 
the press when the fire occurred. 

The firrt volume of the AtlanHca was published in IffTS, (and 
with a reprinted utie in 1679, and again in 1684) ; the second in 
1689; thethird, printed in theauthor'sown 1698; and 
the fourth has no title. The best and most minute account of 
this valuable work is to be found in the travels of M. Fortia, to 
vhom it was communicated by one of the best bibliographers of 
Sweden, in the year 1791* 

Greek, Hebrew, Syriac, and Runic types were used at Upsal 
soon after the commencement of the XVIIth century. In 1637 
Grotius notices, in one of his epistles, that the Greek types then 
used were deficient in elegance, and that the paper was of inferior 
quality. The first Arabic types ever iised in Sweden were 

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318 UR. 

iHDUght to Upsal by Peter Kirstenius, of Breslaii ; at whose death, 
in 1640, his printiag-apparatus was purchased by the uoiversity. 
His types were thought to be cast in imitation <^ those of the 
Medicean press at Florence. 

Uramburgum, Uranienburg, a strong castle once exisUng on the 
island of Huen, in Denmark. 

This island having been assigned for a rendence to the cel&> 
brated astroDomer Tycho Brahe, he erected on it the castle of 
Uranienburg in the year 1576 ; and at seventy paces distance an- 
other building for an observatory, which he chose to call StelUe- 
burgum, or Stierneburg. Feeling himself in want of a printing- 
press for the publicaUon of the fruits of his astronomical re- 
searches, he introduced one into his castle, and published from it 
several learned pieces between the years 1596 and 1610. These 
generally bear the imprint Uranibergi Dani<B, and were to be bad 
at the booksellers in Frankfort. 

Upon Tycho Brahe's quitting the country, these establishments, 
which are said to have united elegance with strength, were not 
only suffered to fall into decay, but were made subject to frequent 
spoliation, so much so that in the year 1653 the materials of the 
castle were used for promiscuous building, until scarcely a vestige 
of the anfuent fabric remained. But at the beginning of the pre- 
sent century a better spirit revived : in the year 1805 the inhfr. 
bitants of the island passed a resolution that the remains of Tycho 
Brahe's castle should be protected from farther devastations, and 
be preserved in their existing state, for a precious memorial of ao 
illustrious a schdar. 

VraHalavia, or Breila, or Breslavia, Breslau, a large and 
beautiful dty, cajMtal ot Silesia, and a bishop's see. It contains an 
university, founded by the emperor Leopold for the Jesuits in 1703. 

Panzer doubts whether a work, entitled Tractatus de censibua, 
by Johannes Longer, were not printed here, about the year 1469. 
However, the first book with a certain date is of the year 150S. 
In the be^nning of the succeeding century some Arabic printing 
was carried on in Breslau, under the superintendence oS Peter 

VHBINVM, Urbino, a conaderable city of Italy, captal of 
the duchy of Urbino, in the states of the Church. It is the see 
of an archbishop, and has an univeraty founded in 1S90 : it is 
alao memoraUe as the birtb-f Uoe of tbe painter Baphael. 

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UR.— UT. 319 

Four books of Urbino printing during the XVtfa century are 
known, the earliest of which, Marii Philelphi Epistolariumy 
bears the date 1461. The only printer mentioned is Henricua 
de Colonift, who exercised his art at Bresda and Bologna also. 
From the year 1493 I have seen no Urbino book until 160S. — 

Urbg vetnu, Orvieto, a raty of Italy, capital of a province in the 
states of the Church, and the see of a bishop. Printing was car- 
ried on at Orvieto at least so early as 1686. — (Hnelli,) 1605 — 

UraeUtB, (qu. Ober-Ursel, a small town of Germany, in Wet- 
teravia ?) I have seen a work executed here, by Nicolaus Hen- 
rici, in the year 1558. 


UrSQ, or Ursao, Ossuna, an andent and considerable town of 
Spain, in Andalusia, formerly possesung an university, founded 
in 1540, but which is now suppressed. 

Printing was carried on here in the same year by Juan de 
Leon, typographer to the university, who executed a work of 
Fr. Joannet Bermudo, on muucal instruments, in 1649. This 
the printer declares to be the first edidon of the author, and not 
improbably it may be the first book printed at Ossuna. (See 
Antonio, B. H. N. vol. i. p. 660.) 

Vryburg, as also Vryatadt, frequently occurs in Dutch tracts ; 
but, though bearing the appearance of real names, they are merely 
fictitious imprints, equivalent to EkuiheropoUa or VUlaJranca. 

VTINVM, Udina, a considerable town of Austrian Italy> 
ci^ital of a district, and the see of an archlnshop. 

Of the two or three spetumens of Udina printing during the 
XVth century which now remain, the earliest seems to be 7%e 
ConttUutioru of Friulif in Italian, executed by Gerard de Lisft 
de FlandriA, in the year 1484. Very little printing appean to 
have been carried on at Udina during this century, and none in 
the earlier part of the succeeding one. 

Utraria, Utrera, a considerable town of the south-west of Spain, 
in the province of Seville. Antonio noUces printing here in 

Vtiormacium Vangionum, or Wurmacia, Worms, ftmnerly an 
imperial city in the west of Germany, whose bishop was a prince 
of the anpire. This town u memorable for a IMet hidden in 

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890 UX.— WA. 

ISSl, at which Luther was present. Printing was introduced in 
1514. Panzer knew of only four bodes anteriw to 1587- 
Cxomente Burgum, see Oxoma. 


Waldenhurg, is the name of a town in Wirtemburg; of an- 
other in Saxony ; of a third in Prussian Silesia; and of a fourth 
in Switzerland, An academical dissertation by H. E. Kestnerut, 
in the Bodleian library, bears this imprint, with the date 1713. 

Walet. The only information which we possess respecting the 
early typography of this principality is gathered from one of the 
Martin Mar-prelate tracte of queen Elizabeth's rdgn, (about 
1588,) wherein mention is made of knave TliackweU ike printer^ 
xcMck printed popyshe and trayteroua WeUhe bocAes m Waiea. 
But nothing more has ever been discovered of this printer or any 
of his books. In the year 1550, John Oswen of Worcester styled 
himself printer appointed by the king's majesty and his highness' 
honourable council, for the principality of Wales and the marches 
of the same. (See his New Testament, 4°. 1550.) In the Gen- 
tleman's Magazine for August 18S1, it is observed by a correB> 
pondent, that " from the invention of prinUng downwards so ad- 
" verse w«% the circumstances attending the difiunon of Welsh' 
" literature, that there was not a printing>press in the principality 
" until the year 1734, or thereabouts, when a temporary one was 
" set up by Mr. Lewis Morris of Bod-Edejmi, in Anglesey. This' 
" identical press is still in being at Trevirw, near Llanrwst." 

Walpole, a post-town of Cheshire county, in the state oi New 
Hamphire, North America. Isaiah Thomas of Boston, and sub- 
sequendy of Worcester, set up a press here, and published a 
newspaper, entitled 7^ Farmer's Museum, in the year 179S. 

Wandesburgum, Wandesiecum, or Wansbeaan, WaodBbeck,a 
town of Germany, stiuite at the distance of two miles from the 
city of Hamburgh. The Jews possessed a press here, which was 
actively at work in 1688 and for many years afterwards. (Bodt.) 
An edition of The New Testament in five languages was printed 
here in 1710; the Old Testament corresponding to which was' 
soon afterwards printed in Holstein. 

Waterfbrd, an ancient city and seaport of the south of Ireland, 
capital of the county of Waterford, and the see of a bishop. 

Waterford finds a place amcmg the earlier receptacles of typo- 

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WA. 8S1 

graphy, aa account of two books of the year 1555| which have 
been assigned to it by Ames, and repeated by Herbert, upon the 
authority of Maunseirs antnent Catalogue, 'fhe first of these two 
rare articles, (both of which are to be found in the Bodlma 
library,) is eoUtled, The acguital or purgation qfike mooat catho- 
lyke Chritteti prince, Edwarde ike VI. hyng of Engiande, 
Fraatnce, and Irelande, &c. and of the Ckurche of Engiattde re- 
Jbtirmed and governed under /u/m, agaynet al aucke aa blaiphem- 
ou^ and traitfrrouah/ in^nu ^m or the aayd Church, qfhereaie 
oraedicion: written by John Olde, an exile for the protestant re- 
ligion under queen Mary. It contains signature 6 in eights, and 
has on the recto of the last leaf, Emprinted at Vuater/brd the .7. 
dag/e t^Novembre. 1555. 

The other is. An Epistle written by John Scory the late biahope 
of Chichester unto all the ^aythfuU that be in pryaon in Eng- 
lande, or in any other trouHAeJor the defence of Goddea truthe. 
This is a still smaller treatise, containi)ig only two sheets in 
«ghts, and has no other colophon than this, Anno. 1555. But 
the letter, paper, and press-work exactly correepcmd to those of 
John Olde's work above menboned, and the two were unques- 
tionably executed at the same Ume and place. That place, how- 
ever, was not Waterford : nor, i fear, can we claim for this city 
go eariy an acquaintance with the mysteries of the art of printing. 
At what peiiod the art was introduced, I am not yet suffidently 
prepared to say. For the part which the Waterford presses 
played during the disastrous days of 1641, 8(C. the reader may 
turn beck to the article Kilkenny. In 1643 one Thomas Bourke 
styled himself j?rtnter to the con^erate catholica aflrtiattd. 

\ should not omit to mention, that in the Catal<^e of Trinity 
Collie library in Dublin txxurs a third Waterford book of this 
period: it is entered as " Archbishop Cranmer's Confutation of 
" unwritten verities,'' 8°. Waterford, 1555. This little tract how- 
ever is not now to be found there ; having disappeared, probably, 
in company with several other choice mor^eaux, which were pur- 
Itnned from the library by a confidential servant, a few years ago. 

In the year 1646 Waterford appears to have given birth to the 
fi:dlowiDg article ; " A new Almanac for the yeere of our Lord 
** God 1646, being the second after leap yeere, and »nce the cre- 
" atioo of the world £695. Calculated for the longitude and lati- 
" tude of the c^ of Waterford, and may serve generally for all 

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828 WA. 

" Ireland : By an Maaapian. Waterford, printed for the yesre 
" MDCXLVI," Reprinted, or rather animadverted on, under 
the Utie of " A bloody Iriah Almanack, or Rebellious and Bloody 
" Ireland, Discovered in some notes extracted out of an Almanack, 
<' printed at Waterford in Ireland, for this yeare 1646. By John 
" Booker, 8". I,ondon 1646. pp. 57." 

In this Almanac the author observes, p. 11. " Only it is ob- 
*' servable that pyrates were the founders of Waterford. I am 
" sure of it. Printing was not then used, but it se«ns now they 
*' have got a printing-presse there ; whether it and the materials 
" came from Rome, Doway, Rhemes, or any such other Popsh 
" place I know not : but they there, and at Oxford <^ late and 
" now, print base and railing pamphlets, and lying almanacs, 
" and in them most grossly abuse the parliament and kingdom of 
" England, who no doubt ere long will suppresse their presses." 

The Waterford original is extremely rare; and I have never 
been able to find it : the London reprint of the same year is also 
very rare, but of this I possess a copy. 

Watertoam, a pleasant town of Middlesex county, in the j>ro- 
vinoe of Massachusetts, North America. 

Benjamin Edes, a printer of Boston, made his escape by mght 
from that place with a press and a few types, in the early part of 
the revolutionary war, and opened a printing-house in Water- 
town ; where he continued Tke Boston GtaetU, and printed for 
the provindal congress of Massachusetts. 

Thomas acquaints ub, that " the printing he executed at 
" Watertown did not indeed do much credit to the art ; but the 
" work at this time, done at other presses, was not greatly supe- 
** rior. The war broke out suddenly, and few of any profession 
" were prepared for the event. All kinds of printing materials 
" had usually been imported frma England ; even ink for printers 
" bad not, in any great quantity, been made in America. This 
*' resource was, by the war,cut off; and a great scarcity of these 
'* articles soon rasued. 

" At that Ume there were but three small paper-mills at Mas- 
" sachusetts : in Newhampshire there were none : and Khode- 
« island contwned only one, which was out of repair. The paper, 
" which these mills could make, fell far short of the necessaiy 
" supply. Papa*, of course, was extremely scarce, and wh^ 
** could be procured was badly manufoctured, not having more 



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WE. 393 

** than half the requiate labour bestowed upon U. It wu often 
'* taken from the mill vet, and un^zed. People had not been in 
*' the baHt of saving rags, and stock for the manufacture of paper 
" was obtained with great difficulty. Every thing like rags was 
" ground up together to make a substitute for paper. This, 
" with wretched ink and worn-out types, produced miserable 
" printJDg." vol. i. p. 343. 

In 1776 Edes returned to Boston, and probably the Water- 
town typography then came to a final close. 

WeisienbuTgum Noricontm, Wassenburg, a walled town of 
Germany, in Bavarian Franconia. Printing was exercised here 
in 1729.— (Bodl.) 

WengroviOf Wegrow, a town of Poland, in the palatinate of 
Podlachia, distant 47 miles from Warsaw. 

The Sodnians possessed a press here in the XVIth century, at 
which some works of P. Gommua were printed in 1570. 

Weaaqfimtanum Cinwbium, Wessenbruun, a Benedictine mo- 
nastery, situated in the diocese of Freysingen, in Bavaria, founded 
in the year 753. Denis {Suppl. p. 488.) mentions a German 
Chronicle without date, but supposed to be of the XV th century, 
bearing for imprint, impressa in Canobio Wessqfoniano. 

Wettmimter, a conuderaUe township in the state of Vermont, 
North America. A ptesa was first established here in 1778, by 
J. F. Spoouer and T. Green, from Norwich, in Connecticut. 
The firm and business, however, continued only a short time. 

WESTMONASTERIVM, Westminster, a dty of England, 
in Middlesex, now forming part of the metropolis. 

It was in one of the numerous chapels within the vast and ve- 
nerable pile of Westminster Abbey, that Wm. Caxton, generally 
considered to be the father of EngUsh printing, erected bis press 
about the year 1474. It appears that Caxton commence<l his 
typographical career abroad: having travelled into the I^w 
Countries, to Cologne, &c. and becoming attached to the house- 
hold of Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of Henry the 
seventh, he was desired by her to finish the translation of a French 
work which he had already begun, namely the Recveil dea kit- 
toirei de Trm/ea of Raoul le Fevre. The period of CaxtonV 
sojourn on the continent was that when the newly practised art of 
printing was in all probability an object of the greatest attraction ; 
and our countryman, not slow to percdve its advantage and im- 

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884 WE. 

portance, devoted his time to the acquisition of a competent 
knowledge of the art, and forthwith proceeded to try his typo- 
graphical skill. The earliest works which have been attributed 
to Gaston's press are the following : 

1. Recueil dea hUtoircs de Trot/a, fol. supposed to be printed 
at Cologne between the years 1464 and 1467. 

S. Propositio Magistri Johannis RtaseU, a small tract of five 
pages and a half, to which, from internal evidence, the date of 
1469 is asMgned. 

3. A French edition of the Romance of Jason, discovered in 
the year 1812, by M. Van Praet, in the royal Ubrary of Paris. 

4. The ReateiB af &e hUton/ea ef Troye, m English, said by 
him to have been finished at Cologne in 1471. And, 

d. The first edition of the Game and plat/e of the Ckeate, 
prinUd by Wm. Caxton, 1474. 

It has been usual among bibliographers, amidst the uncertunty 
which attends these earlier specimens of Caxton, to regard the 
Chesae Playe as the first book printed by him in this countrt/. 
Without presuming to correct, much less to dictate, I cannot help 
expressing my belief that they are all equally strangers to an 
English prinUng-press, and that our earliest English-printed 
book is either the second edition of the book of Cheai, or else the 
History of Jason, both of which may have been printed about 
the year 1475. For, as Dr. Dibdin has well remarked, the type 
with which the above five books are printed, is one and the same, 
but it dificrs totally from any whidi was afterwards employed by 
Caxton ; and three, or perhaps four, of these volumes are ccm- 
fessedly executed in foreign parts, so that there is fair and ample 
ground for suppo^ng that the fifth or remaining volume owes its 
Inrth to the same dty, be it Cologne or any other. Had Caxton 
brought over with him these types to England, what adequate 
reason can be assigned for his never making the slightest use of 
them in any other publication P or had he parted with them in 
favour of any other rinng artist, we should again obt^n a ^gfat 
of them in some of Lettou''8 or Machlinia's productions ; but this 
is known not to be the case. Another question which has been, 
not unreasonably, started, " whether the earlier three of these five 
" books were in fact printed by Caxton himself, or by the master 
« of whom he learned the art,** is foreign to my present purpose : 
they are allowed to have been executed in a foreign country. It 


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WE. 885 

is supposed that Caxton condDued to print withhi the walls of 
Westminster Abbey until the year 1485, when, according to Bag- 
ford, he r^noved to a house in King-street, Westminster, and 
continued printing till the time of his death, in 1491 or 1492, 
when his servant, Wynkyn de Worde, succeeded at once to his 
house and bunnesa. 

The productions of Caxtotfs press have, especially of late years, 
engmsaed too much of the pubUc attention to require any detuled 
descrijrtion here. The rarity of some pieces, more particularly 
the for^gn and early ones, has been attested by the most fHghtful 
prices" which have been given for them at public sales in London. 
According to Dr. IMbdin, (whose account of this printer and his 
works, ^ven in the T^pograplwal AntiquiHes, and in the BiMio- 
tAeca Spencerumoy is decidedly the best which we possess, and 
fiill of very curious and interesting matter,) about rixty-three or 
^xty-four Caxtonian specimens remain, all of which are found in 
this country, with the exception of the French Jason mentioned 
above. Of these, the royal library of George the Third contuns 
many fine and perfect copies. Earl Spencer's rich collecrion can 
boast of forty^ix pieces : twenty-three are in the Bodleian, in- 
cluding a different edition of the Chronicle of 1480, which differ- 
ence Dr. Dibdin has no-where remarked. The duke of Devon- 
shire, and several otiier distinguished individuals, are also pos- 
sessed of numerous volumes executed by Caxton. Copies in a 
sound and perfect state are very seldom to be obtained. A single 
specimen printed on vellum is known, which is (as it most cer- 
tainly ought to be) in the royal collection i it is the Doctrmal of 
Sapience, of the year 1489 ; and this copy b further remarkable 
for containing a whole chapter on tlie negligencea happening m 
the Maggy wiih their remedies, which is wanting in the common 
copies, being omitted purposely by the printer, because it was not 
convenient that the lay people should read it ! A single volume of 
Caxton's press has brought at a public auction the enormous sum 
of ^1060 ! as the duke of Devonshire well knows. 

The large device or monc^ram, which is well-known as occur- 
u Od the uibJGct of enornmu prices gWen for rare books fbr some years puti 
Peigiiot bu an obMrmtion too piquant to be withbolden -. " Dcpuis 1S04 U somp. 
" tooiii^ bibliomsuique, pour ne |iu lUre 1> folic, ■ bit de trie grinds progrte. 
■■ (DTtoiit en Auglelerre, oil la Urre sterUng nmble qneb^nefbis Toldg«r dans lea 
" *euiet pabliqnes arec aotant de Ugtrfsli et de profawHi qae si die aroil la simple 
" TaJenr de notre modtstc frtoc !" (Vari^l^ &t. 4c. 8vo. i8il, p. 32.) 

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386 WI. 

ring at the end of Catton*5 pieces, is conjectured by Panttr to be 
formed from the 6gures 7 and 4 interlaced, and to signify the 
year (1474) of his commendng his typognqihic labours. 

One or two of the founts of type used by our printer, especially 
in his earlier productions, appear to diSa from any which are 
found in other books : his paper is strong and good ; and alto- 
gether a line speciinen of his press, though it may not possess 
the grace and elegance conspicuous in the early effiirts of the 
printers of Rome and Venice, ia yet to an Englishman a genuine 
and legitimate object of interest and attraction. 

Wiihermsdorff, a market-town of Germany in Bavarian Frao- 
conia, seated on the river Zenn. — 1744. (TCD) 

WUKanuburff, a post-town of Virginia, in North America, con- 
taining a college, founded by king William and queen Mary. 

Virginia was very backward in admitting the art of printing; 
which from motives of policy was discountenanced and even pro- 
hibited by the government for more than a hundred years after the 
establishment of the ctJony. The first printing done in the pro- 
vince was executed in this town by John Buckner, about the year 
168S : but the press was put down by the governor of the pro- 
vince, and no more is heard of it until the year 17S9 ; when Wil- 
liam Parkes, a printer of Annapolis, executed at Williamsburg 
StUK's History of Virginia, and ths Laws of Virginia. Thomas 
relates, that until so late a period as the year 1766, there was but 
one printing-house in the colony. 

WUmertdor/iumj a small town of Germany, in the district of 
Hohenlohe, now forming part of the kingdom of Wirtemburg. 

Wolfius and Le Long mention that the Jews possessed a print- 
ing-establisbment here. Several spetnmens of it exist in the Op- 
penheimer collection, the earliest of which bears the date 1589- 

WUmingUm, a conriderable post-towo and port, in the state of 
Delaware, North America. The first prinang-house introduced 
into the colony of Delaware was established in this town by 
James Adams, a native of the north of Ireland, in the year 

WUmiitgtOR, a port and post-town, capital of a district in North 
Carolina, North America. The second press established in the 
province of North Carolina was set up here by A. Steuart, a 
rt^isb printer of Philadelphia, who scnipled-not to assume the 
title of ** king's printer,'" in the year 1763 or 1764. 


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WI. 3S7 

Wmdtor, a post-town, csfatai of Windsor county ia the state 
of VermoDt, North America. A press was first established here 
in 1T8S, by George Hough, who had purchased the press and 
other apparatus of the firm <^ Spooner and Green, who for a few 
years had carried on the bunness at Westminster in the same 

WINTERBERGA, Winterbei^, a manufacturing town of 
Bohemia, in the <urcle of Prachen. 

Two books alone of the XVth century are mentioned by Pan- 
zer, upon the authority of Denis, as having been printed here, 
viz. Albert* Magm Summa de Eucharist, and B. Augut^i 
liber gciiloquiorum : botli these are dated 1484, and were exe- 
cuted by Jdiannes Alacraw, a printer who two years previously 
had exercised his art at Passau. No further Winterberg typo- 
graphy appears. 

Winter Harbour, off Melville Island, ntuate in the North 
polar sea, in latitude 74 N. longitude IIS W. During the voyage 
undertaken for the discovery of a north-west passage by captain 
Parry, in the ships Hecla and Griper, in the years 1819 and 
18S0, a printing-press, which had been taken on board the Heda, 
was set to work, upon the ships becoming ice-tocked for the win- 
ter, and a newspaper was composed and printed on board ; it was 
called The North Georgia Cassette and Winter Chronicle; the 
first number was published on the 1st of November, 1819) and 
the last (N". 31.) on the 20th of March, ISSiO. This newspaper 
has unce been reprinted in X>ondon. 

WintonUt, Winchester, an ancient episcopal dty (^ the south of 
England, in the county of Hants. 

I do not know that Winchester has any other claim to a place 
in this volume, than that which arises from the colophon of one 
of those violent publications which abounded in England about 
the time of the Reformation. The book to which I allude is 
called, The rescuing of the Romishejox, and the aeconde course 
^the kutiter at the Romishe Jbx and his advocate, published by 
William Turner, under the assumed name of Wraughton : it is 
a violent attack on Stephen Gardiner, then bishop of Winchester. 
At the end of the volume we read, Imprinted have at Winchester, 
anno Domini 1545. 4 nonas Jliartii- By me Hanse hit prik. 
My own opinion decidedly is, that the book in question was not 
printed at Winchester, nor indeed in any part of England. The 

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types are of Swiss nuke, mmilar to those of the first edition of 
Coverdale'x Bible ; the spelling is not English ; the sentences 
printed in Roman letter found on the tJtle-page are made up with 
Gothic w, and y. Turner, the author, vas at this time an exile 
on the continent on account of his relipon, and had dated his 
first Hunting of the Romishe Foxe from Ba^I only two years 
before. The phraseology of the colophon also deserves examina- 
tion. It is evident that the expression Imprinted have, is of Ger- 
man or Dutch idiom, not of English : at Winchester may mean 
" against the bishop f^ Winchester,'" (Gardiner) : the primes 
Christian name is not J<An but Hans (the German for John), and 
hit^mk is a name which perhaps the author assumed for the sake 
of shewing that be had not failed in his object, but bad succeeded 
in hittinff the pricke, or marii. Hit-pricke, \. e. d nv <rxo*oS tv- 
X^- This rare and curious volume may be seen in the Bodleiao 

Wirceburgum, see Herbipolie. 

Wiabaden, a small town of Germany, d^t miles distant frun 
Mentz, contfuning about four thousand inhabitants. It is a place 
of fashionable resort, being much frequented on account of the 
hot medicinal springs from which it takes its name. — \SSt\. 

Woodbridge, a post-town of New Jersey, in the United States 
of Amnica. 

The first press established in New Jersey was at Woodbridge ; 
and for many years this was the only one in the colony. James 
Parker, a nauve of Woodbridge, who had for several years coa- 
ducted a press and a newspaper at New York, entrusted bis con- 
cerns in that city to a partner, and began business here as a 
printer about the year 1751. His earliest book appears to have 
been a folio edition of the Laws of the Province, published in 

Worcester, a large posUtown, capital of Worcester county, in 
the province of Massachusetts, North America. Isaiah Thomas, 
the historian of American typography, opened a printing-house 
in this town, in compliance with the s<JicitationB of several gentle- 
men of the county, who were at that peiiod <' zealously engaged 
*' in the cause of the country," and executed the first printing 
done in it, viz. a number of the Mastackusetts Spif, (a work 
which was continued until the year 1816,) on the 3d of May 
1775. His business speedily prospered, and was greatly ex- 



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tended: he united the two braDches of printing and bookselling; 
erected a paper-mill, and set up a book-binding establishnient : 
he was the fint man who printed in America a Bible of the folio 
and royal quarto fonn : he is said to have now ten presses at 
work, and to possess the most complete printing-apparatus in 
America. His own work, The history of printing in America, 
in two volumes octavo, was printed here in the year 1810. 


JTerexium, see Atta. 

XERICA, Xerica, a town of the east of Sp^, in the province 
of Valencia, seated on the river Morviedro. 

A single specimen announces to us that the art of printing was 
early exercised in this town, namely, CotuHtultonet n/nodaUs, 
auctore BarthoionuBo Marti, which bears the imprint JCericie, 
and the date 1485. Thb book is adduced by Panzer, on the 
authority of Cabollero. See notice of a previous ediUon of it 
under Segvbrica. 1 have met with no subsequent instances of 
the typ(^pit{Ay of Xerica. 

Vedo, or more properly Jeddo, the capital of the empire of 
Japan, a large and splendid dty, ratuate in Niphon, the largest of 
the Japanese islands. 

According to a recent statistical account, Jeddo is the most 
populous aly in the known world : it is said to contain not fewer 
than 1,680,000 inhabitants, thus exceeding Pekin by 180,000, 
and London by 406,000.— 1785. 

Yorke, a large city of Upper Canada, in North America, seated 
on the lakeOntaria Prindng was in use, and a newspaper pub- 
lished, in this city, sometime previously to the year 1810, 

/. Zagravia, Zagrab, or Agram, a strong and populous town of 
the Austrian states, capital of Croatia, seated on the river Save; 
it is also a bishop^s see. 

BarletMu' Uttory of lite lift and actions of Scamderbeg (Alex- 
ander) was printed in this town in the year 174S. 

Zamerdam, Zaandam, Saardam, or Sancrdam, a large manu- 
facturing town aS the Netherlands, in North Holladd, seated on 

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880 ZA.—ZE. 

theriverZun. It was here that the czar Peter of Rusaa amused 
hun§e)f by Btudyiog practically the art of ship-building. 

PriDting was exerdsed here, by Henry Jacobsz, in 1648. — 

ZAMORA, a strong town of the north west of Spain, in I^eon, 
the cajntal of a province, and a bishop's see. 

Printing was introduced into Zamora about the year 1482; 
and two books, one entitled Vita Christi, by F. Inigo de Men- 
doza, the other Regimiento de Principa, by Gomes Manriqut, 
are remaining, which were executed in that year by Antonio de 
Centenara, the only known printer of Zamora. Sight pubhca- 
tioDS from this (own during the X.Vth century are known and 
named by Mendez, and the art seems to have gone into disuse 
before the oonclunon of the century. Panzer in fiact notices no 
printing at Zamora subsequent to the year 1490: but the Bod- 
l«an library contains a handsome edition of the Spanish Chro- 
nicles of Florian do Campo, executed here by Juan Picardo, in 
the year 1643. 

Zamoicium, or Samoacium, Zamoski, a gtrong^y-forti6ed town 
in the south-east of Poland, formerly containing an univeraty, 
founded by John and George Zamoski, which possessed a print- 
ing-press almost from the Ume of its foundation. The eorlieat 
book mentioned bears the date of 1557. 

Zapetha, perhaps Zapetra, a town of Armenia; [or, a town of 
Galilee.] See the article SaphUa, p. 253. 

The Jews appear to have possessed a printing-establish men t at 
Zapetha, about the middle of the XVIth century : the book of 
EcclesiatUa, printed here in 1570, is in the Oppenheimer collec- 
tion, as also the CanHcum Canticorum of 1579, and other works 
of the years 158%, 1587, &c. Masch, in his Le Long, cites Za- 
petha books of the jeam 1568, 1579, and 15BS. How long this 
press continued at work, I have not ascertained. 

Zaragoasa, see Casar Augusta. 

Zaslavium, Zaalaw, a town of Rusnan Lithuania, distant a few 
miles from Minsk. Matthias Kawieczyuski, an Unitarian, esta- 
blished a press here during the XVIth century, at which was 
printed the PaUsh Bible of Simon Budnaus, in 1572, 4to. which 
is a book of the utmost rarity. This press was afterwards removed 
to Losko. 

Zei/ma, Zeymy, a place of litUe note, in Saraogjtia, a district 

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ZI. 8S1 

of Russian Litfauania, on the confineB ot the palatinate of Wilna. 
A printing-press, probably belonging to the Reformed Chun^, 
was erected here in 1603 or 1604; from which issued in 1605 a 
PclUh Catechism by P. GHavius. The press was soon removed. 

^erizea, Ziric Zee, a strong town of the Netherlands, capital 
of the isle of Schowen, in the province of Zealand. 

The art of printing was practised at Ziiic Zee at least ao early 
aa 1615; in which year a TTteological coherence between certain 
Jivinea, translated from Dutch into Latin by H. Brandius, was 
executed here by Johannes Hellenius, who lived at the sign of 
The Golden Bible near to the new Exchange. (TCD.) 

Zi%, qu. Zitah, or Allien markt, a town of Transylvania, in 
the palaUnate of Solnoch ? 

A Grammar of the Wendish diaJect, by G. SeUenko, bears the 
imprint uf Zt%, 1791 ■ 

Zvmmervumiitit. Michael Zimmerraannug printed (qu. at Nu- 
remburg P) in the year 1556, omitting the name of his town. 

ZINNA, or TZENNA, Zinna, or Zenna, a monastery of Cis- 
terdan?, in the government of Magdeburg, in Prussian Saxony, 
distant seven leagues from Wittemburg. 

We have evidence that the monks of this estabUshment once 
exerdsed the art of printing within their walls, in a Psalter of the 
Virgin Mary, bearing date 149^. There is so much pompous- 
ness of description about the book, arising from the vanity of its 
editor, that Panzer cannot restrwn himself from ^ving rather a 
long account. The title of it is. Novum beata Maria Virginig 
Psaiterium de dukiaaimit nove legis mirabilibua divini amoris 
re^rtis noviter ad Teucri amteritiorum confectum. And the 
author takes care to inform the world, that he is no less impor- 
tant a perscHiage than HERMASNva Nitsxchewitz ex Branden- 
burgensi MargiA Trebinnensi, Regiarum majestatum capeUanut, 
viriusque Juris conauUu* magnus, circa Oderam Francqfiirdensis 
civitatiM prothoMOarius ! that he presented this work into die 
etnperor''s own hands, who ordered it to be examined by the 
otRcen of his court of Chancery, and to be printed at his expense 
in the monastery of Zeona, whidi was accordingly done at con- 
nderable costs. Panzer observes, that the marvellous absurdity 
of the plates which it contains, conadering that it was published 
under the sanction of the emperor, causes it to be a book of most 
extreme rarity. {L^r ob incredibilem Jigurarum instibitatem 

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332 ZI.— 2W. 

auetoritate Cittond aiiAmwt romfmiw. Panzer, v<d. iz. p. 


Zittavia, Zittau, a large and fortified towD of Upper Lusatia» 
pleasantly K*ted on a branch of the river Neisse. 

A public gymnanum having been estabUshed at Zittaw in the 
year 1586, it was immediately followed by the introduction of a 
printing-press, which was erected in the religious house of The 
Parackie, and placed under the direction of Nicholas Schnader. 
In the year 1609, this press was consumed, together with great 
part of the town, but was reestablished in 1611. 

Znoima, Znoym, or Znaym, a town of the Austrian em^are in 
Moravia, chief of a circle of the same name, near the river Teya. 
Printing was carried on here in 1635, and continues to this day. 

ZvOichama, or ZuUichovium, Zyllichau, a manufacturing town 
of the Prussian states, in the New Mark of Brandenburg. An 
edition of the Hebrew and Gtrman Bitle (with the Greek Tetta- 
ment) was printed here in 1741. 

Tititphama, Zutphen, a strong town of the Netherlands, in 

Prinung was exercised here, by Andreas Johannis, in the year 
1611.— (TCD.) 

Zwifbida, Zwiefalten, was formerly a rich abbey of the Sua- 
bian Alps, in the south-west of Germany, possesnng a territory 
of the same name. Panzer cites one book, Oputcuia BebeKana, 
dated 1504, printed at this place, by Leonardus Clemens. I have 
observed no other. 

ZWOLL.*;, or SVOLL^, ZwoU, a fbrti6ed town of the 
Netherlands, chief of the province of Overyssel, 

Of more than forty works known to have been executed here 
during the XVth century, the earliest dated is Bonaventura ser- 
monea ie tempore et de Sanctig, bearing date 1479. Jdiannes de 
Vollhoe, and Petrus Os de Breda are the first printers named. 
The art continued to be carried on at Zwoll during the succeed- 
ing century. 

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An Index qfpseudon^mes, ^guUed,Jal*ified, orJictiHous places, 

mth the earlieat dates afihe books Jrom each which have 

come under the author's observation. 

Tbe utielM marked with > atar n 
duripg tt>c rei( 

AdVERTE, 1671. 
MgyptuBj ISSO. 
Agathopolis, 1769. 
Agra, 1748. 
AlbigioD, 1712. 
AlbioDopolis, 161S. 
Albipolis, 1669. 
AleDtopoliB, 166S. 
Alethopolia, 1647. 
Allemaigne, 1546. 
Andrinople, 1734. 
Anneville, 1708. • 

•Antipedea, (the) (1S88.) 
Antopolis, 1S94. 
Antre de Trop^oniuE, 1779. 
Aquileia (Lucca) 1761. 
Arabia, 1523. 
Anadie, 1799. 
Arips (i. e. Spira.) 
Arrivour, (!') 1647. 
Augusta (Florence) 1804. 
Babilonians, (the) 1641. 
Baldacco, 1639. 
Barataria, (Dublin,) 1792. 

Bengodi, (dtta di) 1584. 
Bonne huile. 
Bourg-Fontaine, 1688. 

tatc to the Martm Marprelule controfeny , 
n of qaeeD Elizabeth. 

Burlassia. — 

Cacopolis, 1768. 

CuFo. — 

Colceopolia, 1755. 

Campi Elysii, 1655. 

Cantorbei^, 16Sa 

Cartellana 1678. 

Cbancellerie (Is) 

Choritopolis, 1668. 


Chryunople, 1764. 

Ciel (au) 173a 

Clatefortium, 1617. 

Clareportum, 1626. £'^.^2-^^ 


Constantinople, 1641. 

Comicopolis, 1773. 


Corythum, 1738. 

Cosinopolis, 1611. 

Crisopolis, 1786. 

Criticomanie, 1760. 

Critic»^li«, 1755. 


Culicutidonia, 1760. 

CyUiire, 1795. 

Delhi, 1801. 

Dezert (aa) 1640. 

IKcKarchia, 1647. 

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Doregnol, 1668. 
Ecdefliopolis, 1648. 
Eden, 1748. 
Edimbourg, 1572. 
EeD-stadt, 1620. 
Eleutheropolis, 1544. 
Elynum, 1624. 
Erotopolis, 1746. 
•Europe, 1568. 
Felisonte, 1795. 
Fidelity, (4 la) 1775. 
Forum Palladium, 1696. 
Francopo]is, 1685. 
Frankeuburg, 1621. 
Frederik-sudt, 1674. 
GaleopolU, (Paris) 1798. 
Gallipalis, 1764. 
Gelopolis, 1660. 
Germaoopolis, 1674. 
Ginevra (Florence) 1781. 
Glaucopolis, 1664. 
Gratianopolis, 1698. 
Grenierstadium, 1627- 
Grenouillerie (la) 1756. 
G jmecocratopol ts. 
Hadopolis, 1611. 
Hagiopolis, 1614. 
','Xyz.di^. HaEripolis Comutorum, 1627. 
Hasles, (snr les) 1607. 
Heilste, 1646. 
Helicon, 1622. 
HeUopolis, 181^ 
Hell, 1661. 
Hermitage, (P) 1779. 
Hierapolis, 1553. 
Hispauis nova ci vitas. 
Ho^Mtadt, 1688. 

Jericho, 1542. 

Jerusalem, 1765. 

Irenopotis, 1645. 

Irocopolis, 1752. 

Isle d* Adonis, 1681. 

Italia 1791. 

Justinga, 1585. 

Justinopolis, 1625. 

Kalykow, 1554. 

Kosmoburg, 1665. 

Kykuyt, 1688. 

Lactophaga, 1526. 

Lampropdis, 1633. 


Leger, (St.) 1665. 

Libre ville, 1696. 

Livry (chateau de) 

Luce Douvelle, 1667- 

Luceburgum, 1626. 

LuxuropoUs, 1748. 

Marocco, 1576. 

Merinde, 1706. 

]\f idi (au). 

Minutie, 1744. 

Mompeiller, 1597- 

Monachopolis, 1784. 

Monde, (le) 1'774. 

Monomotapa. — 

Moropolis, 1732. 

Mount Sion, 1705. 

Neisse (sur) 1621. 

Nemo, 1663. 

Nineveh, 1661. 

Niverstadium, 1720. 

Nord, (au), 1760. 

Nod-nol, (i. e. Londwi) 1650. 

Nomopolis, 1790. _f^ 

Nova Belgia, 1640. tf^-Z/^-^ 

Nulle part, 1734. 


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(Enozythopolis, 1617. 
OraDges, 1646. 
Orient (I')-— 
Ortingaoo, 1761. 
•Oversea, (1588.) 
Paphog, 1788. 
Paradise, 1^4. 
Paraguay, 1761. 
Paladum, 1619- 
Parnassus, 16fi9- 
Pamasse, (Moat) 1783. 
Fathopolis, 1645. 
Pays Ubre, 1749. 
Pekin, 1734. 
Philadelphia, 1618. 
Philip»bui^, 1688. 
Phosphoropolis, 1789. 
*Place, (a) (1588.) 
Pons CharentoniuB, 1615. 
Poistorf, 1615. 
Purmerend, 1689. 
Ratopolis, 1738. 
Regunea, 1679- 
Bomanopolis.. — 
Rome, 1551. 
San Vicente, 1645. 
Sardanapolis, 1776. 
Sarniatia, 1795. 
Scoropolis, 1806. 
Selenoburgum, 1681. 
Seriopolis, 168S. 

Sirap, (i. e. Paris,) 1784. 

*Sky, (the) 1589. 

Sparta, 1786. 

Stamboul, 174S. 

Stampatum Sunipatorum,1670 

Stauropolis, 1681. 

Struthiorum Oppidum.— 

Surat, 1787. 

Tetonville, 1729. 

Teuto-DicKopolis, ITll. 

Thlibocborus, 1624. 


Tbeopolis, 1574. 

Tivoli, 1710. 

Veritopolis, 1716. 

Vermeropolis, 1788. 

VeropoUs, 1784. 

Verte-feuille, 1759. 

Viconi, 1728. 

Villa franca, 1602. 

Virginia. j'^.fZ-O^A 

Virginopolis, 1631. S'^- j'^--^;/-'^ 

Vrybuig, 1688. 

Vrystadt, 1643. 

Uranopolis, 1608. 

Ub^ia, 1519. 

Wamstadt, 1620. 

Waterford, 1555. 

Whitehall, 1745. 

Wiliorbanum, 1693. 

Winchester, 1545. 

ToUd number ofp»eudom/mes obaerved, 201. 

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The nameg of certain ACADEMIES <Sr. wAiM ttmetimea are 
Jbimd on the titles of books (parHctdarly on Academical Dis- 
eertationt) vnihout Jvrther specification of At place to nAuA 
the^ b^ong. 

Nunc glma. Hbcc dengoatad. 

Academia Agripfuna. Cologne. 

Albertina Eonigsberg. 

ad Albim Witteaberg. 

Albimontana Mootauban. 

AUnpolitana Wittenberg. 

Archipalatina. H^dberg. 

Bambergenns Bamberg. 

Csraarea Vienna? 

Coimirian. 1 p^^ 

Sax. Coburgica J 

CattoruiD Marbu^. 

Christiano-Alberhna Kiel. 

CaroliDiana StetunF 

Eberhardina- Carolina Tubingen. 

Electoralis-Brandetibui^ca Duisbuig. 

£lectoralis>Paladna. Heidelberg. 

ad Elmum Julia Helmstadt 

Emesdna lUnteln. 

fimmeritnana. Erfurdt. 

Prancovadana Frankfort on the Oder. 

Frideridana. Kiel. 

Frideridana-AlexaDdrina Erlangen. 

Frinonim Franeker, 

Frideridftna-Mecklenbui^nns Buetzow. 

Georgia Augusta Gottingen. 

ad Gerani Erfurt. 

Herbomenas Herbom. 

Hertnpdensis Wurtzburg. 

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Name sireo. Place dedgnated. 

Academia Haaao-Schaumburgica Binteln. 

Hasnaca Marburg. 

Hierana Erfurt. 

Holsatorum Ratzeburg. 

Julta Helmstadt. 

Julia Ducftlis Wurtzburg. 

Julio-FndericiaDa ) 
Ostro-ducalis f 

Ludorifuana. Giesseo. 

Marchiarum \ ( Frankfort on the 

Marchica ) \ Oder, or Berlin. 

Mecklenbui^ensium Rostoch. 

Megapolensium Rostoch. 

Nassavienns Herborn. 

ad Nicrum H^delburg. 

Noricoruin Altorf. 

Noribergensia Nuremberg. 

PaUtioo-electonUis f Heidelburg, .md 

( Manheim. 

Philurea Leipsic. 

Pomeranonim GripBwald. 

ad Fn^lam K^a. Konigabei^. 

Rauracorum Basle. 

Re^omontana. Konigsberg. 

ad Rhenum TeutopoUt: Duisburg. 

Rhodopolitana Rostoch. 

Ruperto- Carolina Heidelberg. 

Salana Jena. 

Saxonum-Ducalis Jena. 

Soraboruni Halle. 

TeutoburgenHum Duisburg. 

Thuringorum Erfurt 

V.n.o.BJthical j^^ 

or, ad Vamam ) 

Venedorum Halle. 

Viadrina Frankfort on the Oder. 

ad Visur^m Rinteln. 

Wilhelmiana Marburg. 

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NuM glTM. Place dcaguted. 

AUienae Batthioe Rostoch. 

Carolinse Stettin? 

Gelrorum Harderwick. 

RauracK Baale. 

Gymnasium Hagense RintehiP 

Lyceum Ernestinum Rinteln? 

Ty|ns ClareDdonianiB Oxford. 

Orphanotrophel Halle. 

Hendelianis Jena. 

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An enameration of the books printed on veUttm, which are con- 
tained m the Bodleian libt-ary, arranged in the order of their 

N.B. Tbo Jiticln marked with an alteriik fonned put of ibe Oppeoheinur 
coUccttoD, width wai purchased b; the nniverait]' of Oxford in tbe year 1S2B. 

PSALTERIUM, rive Liber choralis, fol.^wr Johan^'^ 
Fust civem Maguntinum et Petrum Schoifher de Germs- 
heym clericum. liS9- 

Gulielmi Duranti Rationale divinorum Officiorum, {ol. per 
Johannemjittt civem Maguntinum. Et petrum Gemss- 
heym. Clericum. 14€9>' 

Biblia Latina, juxta Vulgatam editionem, torn. i. fol. 
In civitate Moguntin. per J(^uaman Just civem et Petrum 
tchmffher de germgheym clericum. 1462. >> 

' All the copies of this edition which have hitherto been discorered 
are prioted on vellum, with the exception of one, which b on both vel- 
lum and paper. M. Van Fraet mentionB more than forty copies, three 
of which are in the royal library at Paris. 

>■ M. Van Fraet notices 45 copies of this Bible. There is a curious 
drcumstance connected with the present condition of this volume. 
Having been obtained fknn a French colleciion, it was purchased for 
tiie Bodleian in the year 1752, in an imperfect atate; the la«t seven 
leaves then in die volume being supplied in manuscript, and the remain- 
der, conwting of ^ghteen leaves, being altogether wanting. The book 
was suffered to remain in its original binding, and nothing was heard 
at tiiought of the deficient portion, until the recent purchase of the Ca- 
nonici Manuscripts from Venice, in 161S; when, among the loose 
fragments accompanying that Collection, fourteen of these idendcal MS. 
leaves were discovered : which, on being applied to the book in ques- 
tion, shewed instantly whence they had been taken, not only by supply- 
ii^ the de6ciency, with the exception of four leaves, but also by exactly 
corresponding both in size and character with those remaining in the 

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M. T. CicercHiis Offida et Paradoxa, 4°. Johanna Jutt 
Mt^itntmut civis. Petri mana^nititm. 1465.' 

M. T. Cicenmis OfGda et Paradoxa, 4P. Johatmet Jiitt 
Afoguaiintu civig. manu Petri de gtrmahemfinitum. 1466.^ 

ClementJsV.ConstitiitioDeE. fol. inwbeMagwitin& Petrut 
Schcnffier de Gemsahem. 14:67.= 

C. Crispus SallustiuB de conjuraUone Catilins et de bello 
Jiigurthinu, ^ tine loco et aaao ; (ited Pariatia, per Ulr. 
Gering, Mart. Crontz, et Mkh. Friburger.) area 1470.* 

Gratiani Decretuni, cum suu rubricis, 2 torn. fi^. Mcgun- 
da, Petrus Schoiffer de Gemsaheym. 1472J 

Sextus Decreulium Bonifacii VIII. cum apparatu Joh. 
Andrese, fol. In urbe Maguncia, per Petrtim Scoyffer de 
Gemaahem. 1479.^ 

Gregorii nova Compilatio decretorum. fol. AfoguntuB, 
Petrut Schmffer de Gemaaheym. 1473." 

Breriaiium Diseceseos Herbipolensis, fol, Herbipoii, Ste- 
phamu* Dold, Jeoriua Ryter, et Johannes Bekenhvb. 1479>^ 

^ A very fine copy of this edition is preaerred in Magdalene college 
Ubracy, and another in that of St. John's college. M. Van Praet meo- 
tioDS 23 copies of this edition, (omitting that in Magdalene collie,) of 
which 12 are in England. There are copies on paper, both of this, and 
of the following, but much fewer of these have survived than of those 
which were printed upon vellum. 

' A fine copy of this edition is found aUo in the library of Corpus 
Chriiti college. M. Van Fraet names 23 copies; 13 of which are in 

* A remarkably fine copy, purchased from Payne and Fosa, in 1825. 

' A second copy on vellura is in the royal library of Paris : M. Van 
VnO. agrees in as^ning 1470 as its date. 

■ A most splendid book, purchased trom Messrs. Payne and Foss, 1825. 

^ This volume consists of alternate sheets of vellara and paps : the 
alternation however is not quite regulw ; the first, third, &c. also the 
last leaf conUuning die subscription and shields, are on vellum. 

' An exceedingly fine and magnificent copy, purchased from Payne 
and Fobs, in 1825. 

^ Van Praet describes this rare and grand book, from a copy once at 
Puis, butwhit^ has since been restored to the imperial library at Vienna. 

Unfortunately the Bodleian copy is imperfect, wanting eight leaves at 
the beginning and two at the end : it contains only 33? leaves lasted 
of 347- It formerly belonged to archbishop Laud. 

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Miisale aecundum usum Eccleaie Herbipolenns, foi. In 
civitate Herbipolenai per Jeorium Ryter. 1481.' 

Pentateuchus Hebrmcus cum Targum Ookelosi et Com- 
ment. R. Salom. Jarchi, fol bd. pr. BsmonicB per Abra- 
ham Ben Chaiim Pitauremem. 1463."' 

*TractatusTalmudicus Berachoth, cum Commeatario R. 
Salomonis larchi &c. Hebraic^, fol. Soncini, Joaua Stdomon 
ben Israel Nathan. liSi." 

Pentateuchus Hebraicus, tme aano et loco. ■" 

Alexandri de Villa Dei Doctiinale. 4°. ParmcB, impenaia 
Jttgeli Ugaleti. 1486.P 

S. Birgitte de Swecia RevelaUones celestes, fol. /*»• 
pretsit Bartholomama Ghotan Lvbcenais civia. 1492.*] 

' For a more detailed accouut of this extraordinary Tolunie, tea above, 
p. 120. 

°' AL Vbd Praet oames five knowD copies. The present was pur- 
chased at the McCarthy sale. 

" This mre volume is not only the first printed portion of that volt 
collection the Talmud, but is moreover the very first specimen of the 
celehrated Soncino press. De Rossi possessed a similar vellum copy. 

" This uokaowD edition of the XVth century belonged to De Roaw, 
who has described it at p. 142. of his Annales Heb. Typogr. stcc. XV. 
and calls it extremely rare. Unfortunately the copy is imperfect, ending 
with ch. i. of the Song of Solomon. It was purchased in 1828. 

f M. Van Fraet states this edition to be of such rarity, that its exist- 
ence is known only by the vellum copy of the Harleian collection ; con- 
jecturing that the copy in the catalogue of Maittaire is the same iden- 
tical book. This conjecture will assume the appearance of certainty 
from the following statement, Maituire's copy was purchased by Dr- 
Rawlioson, and by liia bequest became, with many other valuable articles, 
the property of ibe Bodleian. And no one, at all conversant with the 
di£ferent styles of binding, upon seeing the volume, can for a mom^it 
doobt of its once having been in the possession of lord Oxford. The 
volume is a small quarto, in Roman letter, consisting of 58 leaves. It has 
no title, nor fidse title, but begins on signature a. " Scnbere Clerku^," tic. 
On the reverse of the last leaf is the following colophon : " Emendatissi- 
" mum hoc opusculum quod doctnoa refertisaimum merito Doclrinale 
" nuncupatur opera et impends Angeli Ugoleti Parmenus impressum 
" est Farms. H.CCCC. Ixnvi. die xzx. Novembris." 

1 Of this volume we leam, from Alnander's History of Swedish 1^- 



PenUteucbui cum V. Megilloth et Haphtturoth. 8vo. 
Briaie, per Gertchom JtUum R, MorU, IsraelUam Sand~ 
ruUem. i^St.' 

Aristotelis Opera Gnec^, Tolumen secundum, fiJ. Veneiiit 
apod Aldum Manutium. 1498.* 

Petri Schotti ArgentiDetiNS Lucubratiunculas (N'nathcamK 
4to. Impreaaa a Martirto Schotto cive Argent. ]496.t 

Hegula beaUs^mi patris benedicti e latioo in gallicum 
sennone per reverendu dominu Guidonem Juvenalem tra- 
ducta. 4ta Imprimee a Pariipar Ge^hnf de mamef. 1500. 

Missale ad usuni Ecclesie Hetfordensis. fol. Roihoma^, 
P. (Hiveriua et Johannei MaucHtier, ISOS." 

p<^rapliy, that lixteea copies were printed on rellum, and eight hundred 
on paper. Only two of the velluni copies are IcDotra at the present day. 
the one above mentioned, and another in the libraiy of Brahe ; unless 
the one in the lihrary of Slusius, announrad vithmtt daU, be of Uie same 
edition, which is probable. . It contains numerous very curious wood- 
cuts, which in this copy are coloured and illuminated. 

' Purchased at the Crevenna sale. 

> la the tibrsry of New college is a complete copy of this editimt 
printed on vellum, consisting of six volumes. For many yeara biUio- 
gnphers, even M. Van Praet, denied the existence of the jirtt volume 
upon vellum, as may be seen by referring to M. Van Praet's Catalogue 
of the vellum books in the king of France's library, vol. III. p. 7- btrt 
see the additions and corrections, vol. V. p. 370, where M. V. F. an- 
nouDcea that the existence of the New college volume had Ijeen made 
known to him. The library of Corpus Christ! coUt^ contains remark- 
ably fine copies of vols. II. III. and IV. on vellum. 

■ This copy was formeriy in the Harleian collection : it was be- 
queathed to the Bodleian by Dr. Rawlioson. 

" This copy formerly belonged to Thomas Hesme, who has written 
on it, Uber rurwtmut. In his preface to CmademAitnalet EUxaheOix Rtg. 
Heame gives a minute account of this copy, which had been presented 
to him by a friend. He mendona that Missals and other Service-books 
for the use of Hereford, although distinctly spoken of in the preface to Ed- 
ward Vlth's prayer-book, were ao very difficult to be met with, that 
even so diligent an inquirer as Browne Willis did not believe they had 
ever been printed. Heante transcribes from it certun prayers for king 
Henry VIII. and AnneBoleyn; glances at- those who refused to ac- 
knowledge her as rightful queen ; and inveighs against the indiscrimi- 
nate destruction of Bibles and other religious books, at the diasolution 


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La pragmstique sodcUod en Francoys, avec GuUlermi 
paraldi de la plurality dee benefices. 8ro. Imprimei a Parii 
par Gaipard Philippe. 1508. 

Miasale ad usum ecclense Sarutn. fol. Sothomagi, Mar- 
tinut Morin. (imperfect) 1510. 

pBalterium Hebrgeum, GrsMniin, Arabicum et ChaJdie- 
um, cum tribus latinis interpretationibus et glossis. fol. 
Genue, Petrus Piatlus Porrut, Medioliaienni. 1516.> 

• Tephilloth, geu Preces Judaicse, Hebr. 4to. Progs. 1516.' 

Oridii Metamorphoseon libri xv. 8ro. Venetiit, in cedHntt 
Jldi et Andrea Soceri. 1516. 

of monastic inatitutioDS } in wbich he affinns that the Turks are better 
men than we, for they never suffer a single fragment of their Coran to 
be prchnecl or put to an improper use. 

The copy in question is beautifully printed, and in the finest possible 
condition. Undoubtedly it is of the very highest rarity, no other being 
known to eiist. M. Van Praet, misled by the Reperlorium bibliagraphi- 
cum, describes it as an 8to. It is a folio, in two columns. 

■ Of this edition it is said that 2000 copies were printed on psper, 
and fifty on vellum. M. Van Praet does not appear to have known of 
the Bodleian copy. As reference is frequently made to a note occurring 
in this edition of the Tsatter relative to Columbus, the following parti- 
culars are given ; as though often quoted, perhaps it is not much known. 
On verae 4 of the 18lh (our I9th) Psalm, is this comment: "Et in 
"fine* fflundt rer6a eorum. Saltein temporibua nostris, quibus mirabili 
" ausu Christophori Columbi Genuensis, alter pene orbis repertus est, 
" Chriatianorumque ccetui aggregatus. At vero quoniam Columbus 
" frequenter predicabat se a Deo electum ut per ipsum adimpleretur 
" h»c prophetia, non alienum existimavi vitaoi ipsiua hoc loco inserere. 
" Igitur Chriitophurus rognomento Columbus patrii Genuensis, vilibus 
" ortus parenubus, nostra tstate fuit qui suit industrii plus terramm 
" et pelagi eiptoraverit pauds mensibas, quam pene reliqui omnea mor- 
" tales universis retro actis seeculis, &c. &c. &c." The life is too loi^ 
for insertion here, as it would occupy two or three pages. It ends vrith 
" Hie fuit riri celel>errimi exitus, qui si Grtecorum heroum temporibus 
" natus esset, proculdubio in deorum numerum relatus esset." 

I am not aware that this note is repeated in any subsequent edition {tf 
the Psalter; ceruinly it is not in that of 1516. 

y This volume contains illuminations and other ornaments of a ruile 
and remarkable character. 


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Ordoanances, des toilles et aydee, et des gabelles, futes 
par leroy Francoys I. 4to. {a Paris, chex J. Trepperelf 1517.)' 

Coacordata inter papam Leonem X. et regem Fmn- 
ciscum primum. Cum Heliee Turonensis quondam archi- 
episcopi libello pragmaticse sancUonis confutativo els Alpes 
antehac nusquam edito. 4to. ThohscB, per Joannem magn\ 
Joannii. (ISIS,)* 

Cutliebnti Tonstaltt in laudem matrimonii orauo habita 
in sponsalibus Maris, Henrid VIII. filise, et Frandsci, 
Francorum regis prim<^;eniti. 4to. Dmdini per Richardum 
Pynaon. 1518.» 

Missale ad usum indgnis ac predare eccleaie Sanim. fol. 
Jjondini per Richardum Pynecm. 1690.^ 

Das buechlin ist genant der Gilgengart ainer hetlichen 
Cristeliche sel, &c. 16". Jvgspurg, Hana Schonaperger. 1520. 

Galeni Pergamen»s de temperamentis et de intequali in- 
temperie libri tres Thoma Linacro Anglo interprete. Apyd 
Cantabriffiam per Joannem Siberch. 15S1.<^ 

Jo. Lodovici Vivis Valentini De institubone foeminte 
Cbristians, ad Serenisa. D. Catherinam Hispanam, Angliie 
Reginam, libri tres. ito. Anlverpia, M. Hilleniue. 1524."' 

Dat Ganls Nyewe Testament, recht grondelick verduyt- 
Ecbet met geleerden voerreden. S torn. 12mo. ISftS.* 

IKalogus Sylla. Autbtnre Tranquillo Andronico Dabnatft. 
8vo. ain£ loco. 1527. 

* From the HarleJan collection, and subsequently belonging to Dr. 

' See Dibdin's Typographical Antiquities, vol. II. p. 47S, But tbis copy, 
instead of the royal arms crowned and supported, bears tt'olteg't arva 
emblazoned ; and probably was a presentation -copy to that cardinal. 

^ The beauty of typographical execution displayed in this volume, and 
the brilliancy of the ink, are such as cannot possibly be surpassed. 

° Fur a more detailed account of tbis highly curious Tolurue, see. p. 

'' This was Dr. RawJinsoo's copy ; and in a blank leaf the follotring 
note appears, in his handwriting. " This copy is probably the present 
" book made to queen Catharine by the author. R. R." 

■ Containing upwards of 500 leaves, qunre if printed at Delf, or Ant- 

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*Peatateuchu8, H^ht. cum Me^lloth et Hsphtaroth. 2 
tom. fol. PragiB. 16S1.' 

* Machazor, seu Praces Judfuca:, Hebr. fol. Aug. VindeL ISSl. 
CUudii Galeni de ptenitudine liber: Joanne Guinterio 

Andonaco interprete. 8va. Parirais, Chr. WeduUu, 1531. 

BHHTHSBlS, aeu Expositiones aobquse &c. ex diverus 
Sanctorum patrum commentariis ab (Ecumenio et Areth& 
collectte. folio. Verona, apud Stephanum etjratrei Sabioi. lS$i£ 

P. Ovidii Naaonis Fastorum libri VI. Ue Tristibus libri 
V. De Ponto libii III. 8va Venetiia, in isdibua haredum 
Jldi et Andrea Soceri. 1533. 

* Tephilloth, aeu preces JudaicK, Hebraic^, 4to. PragtB. 1536. 
Biblia, Latin^, fol. Parims-, ex offieina Rt^erH Stephani. 1540.E 
Deux restes du axiesme livre de Polybe, avecq'un extnuct 

toucbantrasneteducampdesRomains. Et oultre un traict^ 
du e^z^esme: tiaduictz en Francoys par Leys M^gret, 
LyoDDois. 8vo. A Paris, Viticent Sertenas. 1545,'> 

Ordo precum totius anni juxta ritum synagogarum Ro- 
manarum, Hebraic^. 13°. Venetiia, ex Typogr. Juttiniani. 1546.' 

Compendium doctrine catholicte, ex libria inatitutionis 
Cbristiaoie Petri de Soto collectum. 12°. Ingolatadii, AUx- 
tmder Weitsenhom. 1549. 

Idem, Germanic^. 12°- Ingolitadi, A. Weittenhom. 1549. 

Costumes du Bailliage dc Sens, et andens ressorts d'ice- 
luy. 4°. A Sens, de Timprimerie de Giles Richeboys. 1556.^ 

' This is a beautiful copy, bound in purple vehec : the initial letter 
of each book is coloured and illuminnted, and there are numerouB other 
coloured oroaments throughout the volume. The title is a wood-en- 
graving, Gontiuning a coat of arms surmounted by a mitre, which cut is 
repeated on the last leaf. There is another wood-cut on tbe reverse of 
fol. I. 

> This very handsome book consists of 1014 pages, and the present 
copy has beet) divided into three votumes, of which unhappily the two 
latter only are preserved ; the former, containing p. I — 232, never hariog 
come to the Bodleian library. 

E M. Van Pniet notices two other vellum copies ; one of which is in 
the royal library at Paris, and the other in the Casanato library at 

^ At the end of the volume is a folding plan of a Roman camp. 

' Purchased at the Crerenna aale. 

* This volume is beautifully executed : the printer, in an address to 


PentateucbuB hebnucus et chaldaicus, cum V. Me^;Ulotli 
et Haphtaroth. 12°. Sabioneta:. 1557.1 

* R. Isaac Abarbanel, Tractatus Corona Senum i^ctus, 
Hebraic^. 4r. Sabioneta. 1557' 

Judaicanim precum Compatdium, Hebraic^ \9P. Man- 
iucE. 1558. >» 

* Fentateudiaiet Haphtaroth, Hebraice. 18°. SabionettB. 1558. 

* Machazor, seu Preces Judaioe, Hebruce. 1^. Mantwe, 1659. 
The Letany, wyth certayne other devout« and godlye 

mediutions, very necessary to be dayly sayd of the faithfull 
Christians. 20°. London. 1562. 

Articuli, de quibus in aynodo Londinenn, anno Domini, 
M DLXII. ad tollendam opinionum dissensionem, et finnaD> 
dum in vera religione consensum, inter archtepinx^poa epi- 
scoposque utriusque provindte, nee non etiam universum 
denim convenit. (reprint".) 8°. Londini, apud Reginald. 
Wo^um. 1563. 

M. Tullii Ciceronis epistolie familiares dicta?. Scholia 
Pauli Manuiji nuper aucta. 8°. Fenetiia, in tedibta Ma- 
nutianii. 1574. 

New Testament, (the bish<^' translation,) 4°. Ziondon, 
bj/ Richard Jvgge. 1576°. 

Exercilium spirituale canoniconim regularium ordinis S. 
Augiisuni. 12°. Floreni\iE, Georgius MarencoUa. 1576. 

La seconde semune, ou enfance du monde, de G. de Sa- 
tuste seigneur du Bartas. 4°. J Paris, P. VHuiUier. 1584. 

* Machazor, seu Preces Judaicse, Hebr. 2 torn. fol. Pragas. 1586. 
A Concent of Scripture, by Hugh Broughton. 4^. (Land. 1588J>) 
Album of benefactors to the Bodleiui library. % vols. fol. 1604. 

the reader, declares it to be the firat-fruits of his press, to which nn- 
doubtedly it does great credit. The Bodleian copy is illumioated, and 
bound in a most sumptuous manner; in all probabilitr it belonged for- 
merly to Tbunnus. to wham the work is dedicated. 

' The Crevenna copy. M. Van Praet does not notice it. 

■" A very large, beautiful copy, purchased at the Crevenna sale. A 
second is in the royal library of Paris. 

° Reprinted by Dr. Richard Rnwlinson. 

o This copy has on the sides the arms of Robert earl of Leicester, to 
whom it was, in all probability, presented by the printer. 

p The Bodleian library contains two copies of this work, bod) whidi 


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Jaedba Magnic Britannia et. Hibemue re^ inaugunuio : 
auctore Bkckvodeo. 8°. Paris. 1606. 

* Biblia, Hebraic^. 8°. HaaavuB. 1610. 

* Selichoth, aeu Frecaticxies Judaicse, Hebr. fc^. Pragm. 1616. 
Joannis Fici Mirandule principis Elegia deprecatoria ad 

Deum. Et M. Aot. Mureti IC. Elegiacum votum ad SS. 
Crucein. Cum Fed. Morelli Grseca paraphra^ metrica. 4°. 
Paritiis, apud Clau^um Morelhtm. 16S0. 

Br^ recoeuil et sommaire de la genealc^ du comte 
d^Etaires, marquis de Morbecque &c. justifi^ par tous les 
tiltres et proeuves de Thiatoire de la dicte maison de Mont- 
moreocy: par Andr^ du Cbesne Tourangeau, geographe 
du toy. 4f. Imprimie a Paris. 1624, 

Arrest du grand cooaeil, en faveur dti Fiieur^ du col- 
lege de Cluny. 4°. 1639, 

Corpus Statutonim Univendtatis Oxon. fol. Oscon. 1634. 4 

A speech delivered in the Starr-chamber, the 14th of 
June, MDCXXXVII. at the censure of John Bastwick, 
Henry Burton, and William Fnnn ; concerning pretended 
innovations in the church. By William (Laud) abp. of 
Canterbury, (repriat) 4°. London, by Rkh. Badger. 1687.' 

R^lflement general du prince de Conty, pour Tinstructioa 
des jeunes religieux de Tabbaye de Cluny, 4°. A Paris. 1646. 

Ordo Benedictionum juxta ritum synag(^;arum Roma- 
narum. Hebraici. 1S°. Mantua. 1668. 

Stil, usance, et forme de procedder du bailliage de Tou- 
nune, et Siege presidial de Tours. 4f>. A Tours, C.Richard. (1662.) 

Extraicts des registres de la chambre pour la reformation 
des Eaux, Buis et ForesU de Bretagne. fol. Rennes P (1664. 1665.) 

formerly belonged to Dr. Rawlinson. Ooe hu the platea struck off on 
vellum, the other baa them, with cooatderable Vftriations, on pcper. In 
ooe copy the initial letter of the dedication to queen Elizabeth is illumi- 
■Mted, in the other it is filled with a coat of arms. Count M'^Cordiy 
possessed a vellum copy of this publication. 

^ A second vellum copy is in rhe British Museum, and a third in the 
library of St. John's college, Oxford : this last bad belonged to arch- 
bishop Laud, chancellor of the university. 

■ With notes on the speech by bishop Williams, taken from a copy in 
his own handwriting. The reprint was executed under the directions 
of Dr. Rawlinson. 

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Biblia Annena. 8°. ^iiMterdam. 3685*. 

* FentBteuchus Hebnuc^, cum Tai^m, Meg^lloth et 
Haphtaroth &c. IV. torn. 8°. BeroKni. 1705. 

* R, Moses Den Jtxiathan Galanti Not« olwcrvBtiones, 

&c. Hebr. fol. mimerschrjii. 170& 

* Machazor, geu Preces Jodaice, Hebr. S torn. foL. Suia- 
baci. ITOa 

* Tephilloth, seu Freces Judaicse, Hebr»c6. 8f. Sabbaei. 1109. 

* TephiUoth, seu Freces Judmcie, Hebraic^. 8". SuMaci. ITll, 

* TephiUoth, seu Freces Judaicie, Hebraic^ S torn. 8to. 
Beralini. 1711. 

* Tractatus Haggadah, cum commeotario B, Abarfaaoelis. 
cum figuris. (exemplaria duo) fol. Sulabaci. 1711. 

* .^-— ^— aliud exemp1ar,cum figuris coloratis. 1711.' 
Idem, 4 fol. WUmersdorJti. 1711. 

* TephiUoth, seu Freces Judeeorum Gennanorum, He- 
bTsid:. ito. Salabaci. 1718. 

* TephiUoth, seu Frecationes Judainae, Hebr, 4to. Pragas. 

(2 copies.) 1713- 

* Ordo diei expiatioms &c. (preces Judaic^) Hebraic^. 
8vo. Pragtt. 1713. 

* TephiUoth, seu Freces Judaicw, Hebrace. 2*.. Praga. 1718- 

* TephiUoth, seu Freces Judaicae, Hebraic^. 8to. Praga. 1713. 

* CoDstitutiones Sabbathi, Hebraic^. 8vo. Praga. 1718. 

* Benedictiooes, Hymni Sabbatid, 8ic. Hebraic^. 4to. 
Praga. 1718." 

* Tractatus Haggadah, cum Comment. Abarbanelis alio- 
que. Hebraic^, cum figuris. fo). Prag<E. 1718.* 

' A beautiful volume, of 7^0 pages, adorned with wood-cuts. 

■ These are handsomely printed voliunes, contuning fourteen engmv- 
ioga on copper, the width of the page, and two engraved title-pages. In 
the second copy the platea are full coloured, and surrouaded with a bor- 
der of gold. As an instance of the mania of Oppenheimer iu this re- 
spect, I may mention that in addition to these three copia on oelUm, 
be had also a tmall and a large paper copy of the same edition. It ia 
also no uncommon thing to 6nd in this extraordinary collection copies of 
works, on red, yelhw, and blue paper. 

" This book is decorated with some curious and very rude wood-cuts. 

' Thia edition contains many curious wood-engravings. There is 
also a copy of the same work printed upm red paper. 

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* Talmud Babybniciiin (Hebr.) Z4i torn, folio. BeroRni et 
TrajecH ad Viadrvm. 1713— 28t. 

* Tractatus Ha^adah, cum commeDtaiio R. Abarbanelis, 
alioque. Hel»aic^ cum figuris. fol. fFUmeradoTfii. ITlfi. 
. * B^>tM B. B. ben Jehuda Lob. Cohen, Saccus Benja- 
minis, &c. Hebtuc& 4to. WUmertdorfii. 1716. 

The hoi; Bible, 2 vds. fol. Ox/brd, printed by John 
Baeket. 1717.* 

* R. Joseph ben Ephraim Caro, in Orach Cbuim, (iiber 
ritualiB) Hebr. fol. Wilmeradorfii. 1717. 

* Selicotb, seu FrecaUones Judaica;* Hebr. folio. WU. 
hemtdorfii. 1717. 

* K. Joshua Fallc ben Al. Cohen, Tractatus ritualis, 
Hebr. fol. Berdini. 1717, 

* Machazor, ure Preces Juducc, Hebr. % ton. fol. Svis- 
baci. 1717. 

* Tephilloth, seu Preces Judsrarum Gennanorum et Polo* 
Dorum, Hebraic^. 4to. WUmeridorfii. 1718. 

* Tephilloth, seu Preces JuducK, Hebraic^. 4to. WV- 
meridor^, 17S0. 

* Fadena Judicium, (Tractatus Hcbraicus dc dictits) 
8¥o. Prance. 1722. 

Les poesies de Martial de Paris, dit d'Auvergne. 3 tom. 
8vo. Paris, A. U. CoutteUer. 1724. 

* R. Isaak ben Ruben, Portm habitationis, (tractatus ritu-} 
alia) Hebr. fol. Jemitzii. 1724 

* Rabbi J. M. ben Abraham Epstein, Compendium Sche- 

loh, (I>issertatio moralis) Hebnuc^. 4to. Berdini. 17S4>. 

* Midrash Rabboth (a Hebrew Commentary on the Scrip- 
tures) with other tracts, fol. Amaterdcan. 1725. 

* PenuteuchuH Hebraic^, cum Targum Onkelod &c. &c. 

S tom. 4to. Francqfbrti ad Odtram. 1725. 

r Perhapi tbis work, in twenty-four folio volumes, is the grandest and 
most extensive vellum publication extant. 

' Three copies only were printed on vellum : the above- men Uoned, 
another in the king's library, and another, for which the duke of Chandoa 
gave Mr. Baskett five hundred guineas, and which afterwards passed 
into the possession of lord Foley. 

* This is a beautiful book. The ^aine collection contains a copy of 
tbis same edition printed upon blue paper. 

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* Haroedi et Hanbed, Commentuii in Misdiaam.'HelNr. 

M. Praga. 17S5. 

Gravanni delta Cam, Praee et Rime : edinone CMretta 
per Tabbate Aonibale AnUmini. % torn. ISmo. Peuigi, C. 
Davitte. ITTT. 

Theophili Downes, A. M. coll. Baliol. Oxon. olim 90cii, 
De clypeo Wocxlwardiaito etrictune breTcs. 8»o. (Lon- 
dmi.) 1728. " 

Speculi Britanniae pars. A topt^rapbical and histoiical 
description of Cornwall, by John Norden. 4to. London, 1728.' 

* Faalterium Davidis Hebraic^, cum verdone JuduOTum 
Gennanorum. 8vo. Proffte, ITSB. 

A copy of the Charter and Statutes of the Antiquarian 
Society. 8to. London, 175*.'' 

An account of the vidt of his royal highness the Pritice 
Regent, and their imperial and royal majesties, the em- 
peror of Rusma and king e^ Frusaa, to the Univcrn^ of 
Oxford, in June 1814. fbl. O^cfbrd, at the Clarendon 
Preaa. 1816. e 


LliistfHre dToguerran dc Monstrelet, tom. 9^'. fol. {Parit, 
A. Verardi) 

Octateuchus, Hebraic^. ISma 

Jurenalis et Pernus. 8vo. (Z«^iJunt, Barik. Trc&, circa 
1608 f.) 

^ or these strictures, which consut of only three pages, 312 copies 
. were printed ; 254 small, 52 large, 2 ud blue paper, and 4 an vellum. 

' This was Dr. Rawlinson's copy ; according to whom, four copies 
were printed on vellum : riz. one for himself j one for Harley eari of 
Oxford ; one for Mr. Richaidaon, an apothecary in Aldersgate-street, 
London ; and one for the Rev. Mr. John Blackboum. [Hearne's MSS.] 

^ Formeriy Dr. Rawlinson's copy, contdoing the followiag note in fab 
handwriting : " This is the only copy printed on velom, by Mr. Wm. 
" Bowyer, and delivered to me on July 16, 1752, and is to be preserved 
" amongst my manuscripts. R-f-R." 

< Of this volume (which was not printed for sale) twelve copies were 
struck off on vellum. 

' Lord Spencer possesses a similar vellnm copy of this counterfeit 

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FhiloBtnitus de vita Apollonli Tyooei Bcriptor luoulentus a 
Philippo Beroaldo castigatuB. (ibid) [a counterfeit Aldine editioo.] 

Le cose volgari di Meeaere Augostino Landulfo Vescoro di 
MoDte Filoso. ISmo. (tenza hiocos.) 

* Psalterium, Hebraic^. Slmo. Venet. ajnid DanteUm Bomber~ 
ffium. [qu. 1583 ?] 

* Id. Hebraic^. 18mo. WUmersdorfii ^. 

* Tephilloth, seu Preces Judaicte, Hebraic^. S4iiiio. Pragee. 

* Jozeroth, seu Preces Judaicv, ex ritu Judfsorum PoIoDorum. 
ISmo. Praga. 

Incifut Officium Sancte cruds, cum mulds aliis orationibus. 
4to. Stampato in Piaeenxa per Bernardino di Lochera da 

Le livre des statuts et ordonnances de Tordre Sainct Micbel, 
&c. Institution de Toffice de prevost et maistre des ceremoiues, 
&c. du diet ordre. 4to. 

Partly on veUum^ 
Apolf^a P. Pomponatii Mantuani. fol, Bonon. 1518. 
Bibliotheca, seu Dictionanum Lat. et An^. auctum per T. 
Cooper. 4to. Lond. by T. Berthelet. 154S. 


Hone Mariie Virginia, in uBum 

ecdetdse Roman e. 
8vo. Achevees par Philippe 
pygouchet. lAbraire de 
runivertite de parte. 1488. 

8vo. A Parity pour E. J. de 
Mamef. 1489. 
4to. 1491. 

4to. Parie, Jehan PoiUvin. 

■ This volume is dedicated to Alexander de MedJcJa dulce of Florence. 
Itconflist3of841eaTes: and is printed in Italic letter. The title ia wholl; 
printed in gold, and the page ii covered with illumination, and bears an 
embloKoned coat of arms. Every initial letter of a chapter is painted in 
gold and colours ; and every capital letter throughout the book is printed 
in gold. 

'' An exquisite copy, richly bound, and enclosed in a case. 

' Tbe Harleian copy. Probably this is of the date of 1479 or 1480. 
B. di liochera was in business at Padua in 1478. Panzer knew nothit^ 
of the volume, nor even of this printer's ever having worked at Pin- 

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4to. Parit, mappe Pigou- 
chet. 1408. 
8to. Paris, Jehon Poiievin. 


Sra Paris. (ISOO.) 

8vo. Parit, P. Pigouchet. 

8to. 1602. 

8m 1508. 

8vo. Parit, Tkidman Ktr- 
ver. 1509. 

4to. Parit, (1610.) 

8to. Pari), T. Kerver. 1613. 

8vo. Paris, G. Godard. 

4to. Parit. (1516.) 

8vo. Parit. (1616.) 
ISmo. Paris. (1616.) 

8vo. Pari*. (1517.) 

4to. 16S0. 

4to. Pam. (1522.) 

8vo. 1623. 

8vo. Paris. (1625.) 

8vo. Paris. (1626.) 

8to. 1626. 

8to. Pom. (1627.) 
16mi>. Paris. 1527. 
ISmo. Paris, a. a. 

8to. Parit. b. a. 

8to. ■'b. <^ Prato, s. a. 

8vo. s. a. 

8to. Paris, b. a. 

8to. Port*. B. a. 

8vo. Pari*, a. a, 

8vo. Jehaimot. s. a. 
In usum Sanim. 
Hone Mariae Virginis. 
8vo. Impresse Juerut Parisiut 

per PhilippS pigouchet. 1498. 
4lo. Parisius, per PhUippum 

Pigoueket, 1501. 
4to. Loadum, per Winandum 

deWorde. 1502. 
8vo. Paris. 1502. 

8vo. Parrfutiis, per Wolgan- 
gum Hopylium, Impenait 
WWtdmi bretlS dvis LSd. 
, 4to. Parit. (1620.) 

4to. Porir, p^ Francisatm 
Regnauit. 1535. 

4to. s. a. 

8vo. s. a. 

8vo. B. a. 

Hor« in usum Tours, 4to. 
Paris, Philippe pigouchet, 
pourSymon Fottre. 1491. 

Baieux. 8vo. pour Pierre 

r^nault libraire de runiver- 
siiedeCaen. 1497- 

de Tou, 8vo. Paris. Phi- 

Uppe Pigouchet. 1499. 

Liege, 8vo. Paris, Phi- 
lippe Pigouchet. 1500. 

Chartres. 8vo. Paris, Phi- 
lippe Pigouchet. (1602.) 

Le Mans, 12mo. Paris, 

par Pierre le Dru. 1506. 

(uncertain) 8to. Parit. 


Rouen, 12mo. (1618.) 

(imperfect.) 12ino. 

Breviarium, 2 torn. 12tno. Ro- 

thomagi per M. vmrin. 

Enchiridion eocleae Sarum. 

20ino. ParitOs, Thidmumn 

Kerver. 1628. 
Ptymer of Salysbury use, &c. 

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8vo. Paris, by FrancoU 

Regnoult. 15S1. 
Prymet of Salysbury use, &c 

8vo. Rothomagi. 1537- 
Breriarium, (imperfect) ISmo. 
Diurnale ordinis Cluniacensis, 

aOmo. Paris, Tfwlman 

Keruer. 1507. 
Orationes in missis dicende pro 
bono felici ac prospero statu 
ciisdaDisami atque exceOen- 
Usami re^ noetri ' 

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A chronologiccd arrangement of the placet at wMeh the art ^ 
printing is lenown to have been exercised. 

Omtury XV. 

1473. Buda. 




Lauginga, Larioga. 


1446. CoIodU Agrippina. 

1467. Alta Villa. 



1468. Augusta Vindilicorum. 

Trajectura ad Rhenum. 

1468. (or 1478.) OmdIb. 


1469. Coria. 





1470. Berooa. 







Valentia (Spain.) 


ValliiS. Marie. 



















Nora Pelzna. 







HoD< lUgalia. 




PoIJianum Una. 







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1478. Cabelia. 
Colla, CoUia. 

Sortense Monaatenuin. 

{Vienna in 

1479. HerbipolU. 


(or 1515.) Tbessalonica. 

1480. S. Albani Villa. 
Auatriae Ciritas. 


1481. Auracuro. 
Casale S. Eraxii. 
Rubeus Mods. 







Vienna Austria:. 

1483. Gandavum. 


1483. Geninda. 



(or 1487.) Botbom^nm. 



1484. Buscum Duda. 

1485. BuTgi. 
Heii' " 
Sorm, Sons. 
X erica. 

1486. Abbatis Villa. 
Casale Maior. 

1487- Bisuntia. 

1488. Frisia. 

1489. S. Cucu&tis Monasterium. 


1490. Aiirelia. 

Cons tantini^Nilia. 




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Fetracora, Petroconara. 






1504. J """■ adodcnm. 

L Fraacofordia cis Oderam. 


MethymnB Gampi. 



1493. Alba. 



1505. CoDstautia. 

Eremus S. Maria de Rnab. 




1506. Carpum. 


Eugadi VaUia. 




S. Deodati lanum. 

Mons Regius, (MoDte-i«y.) 



J Francofortium, Franco- 

1495. Forum Livii. 

l furtuni ad HsDum. 



Lemoricense Caatnim. 

Vallis VosagicB. 

1508 Ripa. 



1496. OffeDburgum. 

1509. Bninonia. 





1497- Avenio. 

1510. Bwerly. 

Castnim Cortesium. 




151 1. Sudercopia. 

Vallia Umbrosa. 





1513. Forum Sempronii. 


1514. Ancona. 

OlomucuiD, Olomutiuin. 



1515. Elberfeld. 

(before) SteineiueManut. 

1516. Barium. 


Century XVI. 







1502. Complutum. 

1518. Asia, (Asti.) 




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S. NiooUi de Portu Fagut. 


1541. Guelpherbnuni. 
Nora Inaula. 

1519. Arhmium. 




1542. Miada. 

1543. Veulia Clironini. 






1544. IcbeDhuaium. 









1522. MeldK. 






1546. Breada. 




1547. Hannovera. 

1524. Dmda. 




1525. Cbmcm. 

1548. Andreapolis. 




1527- Marpurgum. 


1549. Canterbury. 




Micro Pn^. 

152d. Burdigala. 


l&30.Holum, Hola. 

S. Victor. 




1550. BudissiDa. 



1532. lana. 


1533. Corona. 




Mon. Regiua (Konigsberg.) 




1552. Alba Gneca. 

1535. DioDyaium. 


Fratum Albuini. 


1536. Hala Sueyorum. 





1554. Adrianopolis. 

1539. Berna. 




1555. Dilingia. 

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1573. Henricopolia. 





1557. Remi. 





1558. Mairana DueJU. 

Bip. (Hi™.) 






1559. Bleaa. 



1577. Cbriadinga. 



1681. Goaminecum. 




1578. Booliniiiii. 

1562. Breidaboktad. 





1563. Aitigola. 

Vanavia, Vaiaovia. 












1565. Daaoum. 

Oatrobia, Oatrogia. 



1582. Amaoiaa. 






1568. Alba Julia. 







1568-70. Toniaium. 


Zapetba, Zapetra. 





1571. Ciraia. 






Viaeum, Viaeo, or Viaeu. 


1572. Palend* 






, Google 



Vicus Aqueous. 

Urba Tctut. 
1580-7. Zittaria. 
I587> Juretum. 

Laua Fompeia. 

1588. Barda. 

Mods BelUgarjua. 
WaudesburguDi . 

1589. Omcba. 

1590. Gneciuoi, Graia^n. 

I591.Tacacum, Tacwuptinin. 

1592. CarnutuiB. 
(Lubiecz in LUhiunia.) 

1593. Amberga. 
Haga ComittiuiiL. 
f Oaromontium, or CUruB 





Spina Nemctum. 
1596. Altorfia. 





1597- Alcobaziense Monastmum. 




1598. Ctkaumont. 

1599. Caletum. 

1594. { ^ 

S. Jacobiu de TU^Iulco. 
Malaca, (Malaga.) 
1600. Audonun^liL 

Centuf7 XVII. 

1602. S. Gerraaiiu. 

Valentia, Valence, (Fance.) 

1603. Helsingora. 
Vallis Paradisi. 

1604. Aureliopolis. 

Insula ad Lacum AfVQnJum. 






1605. Atcmaria. 
Bet^ op Zoom. 

1606. Augusta Munaiiana. 




PalEeopolJB Aduadcorum. 



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1607. Cherium. 
Onoldium . 

St. Vincent, (^MHi.) 

1608. Puiioviraa. 



Iradense Monasteriuiii. 



1610. Bergeracum . 

Gampidunum, orCavpidona. 





Libaoua Mons. 
letl. Ambiani. 


Cuna Rhstoruiq, 






1613. Arnheroia. 





NUsa Siledorum.. 



1613. Carolopolia. 

Basta, (Baad.) 


HarderovioHii, UardwriouBi . 


1615. Augusta TrioapBicaum. 

1615. Osmiana. 

1616. Faventia. 

1617- Cadurcum. 





161S. Celbe. 




RiniB Siccus. 

Reginoh radeciunk 

1619. RochmanoT. 

1620. AschaffeDburgum. 

Calm aria. 







St. Mihiel. 

1621. Anglostadinm. 

Cothenura AnhaltiDorata. 


1622. Abredonia. 

1623. Amiterouii). 

1624. Astunca. 

Ucleaium, Ucles. 

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162A. Cliria. 1636. Lenlia. 

Ia Forett. THfueros. 

1626. Amunfortum. VilU VldosK. 

Aata (SfMun). 1637- Intenunuin. 

Biterm. Lauretum. 

Ctutn. MoH Albanui. 

Cortracum. 1638. Angelopolu. 

Idteramiciuiu. Glasgui. 

Morliux. Riga. 

RBTenipurgum. 1639, Cambridge (America). 

'^rnavia, Lascanum. 

^^ds Monaaterium. Namurcum. 

1627- CaraDtonus. Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

CaraoU. 1 640. Almerit. 

Montilla. Lesiua. 

St. Quendn. Portua. 

Roteobui^um. Richelieu, chateau de. 

Rutbeni. Sawarii. 

Sopronium. 1641. Aitmuni. 

Sora. CepDaUedia, Cephalodiui 

1628. BaranoTJa. Elbioga. 
Bnintrutum. Kilkenaia. 
Biulwrestiuni. Lodora. 
Bu^ua (Bourg.) 1642. Aboa. 
Cotoneum . Derpatum . 
Podium. Ootha. 

Villa Nora In&ntium. 1643. I^totia, Pistoya. 

1629. BeluDum. 1644. Gallio. 
Geiimaria. Molina. 
Gustrovia. Velitne, VeUetri. 
Sogonum. 1645. Glucstadium. 
Tergeste. Nycopia. 

1630. SuUy. Quenllium. 
Taunim. Stralesundia. 
UtygaiDga. 1646. Arauiio. 

1631. ArctauQum Franconim. Beneventum. 
Oanabruguni, Qanabiugum. Hammipolis. 
Straubiaga. Malta. 

1632. Catuapolis. Salicetum. 
Kuteinslci Moaast. 1647. Arelattt. 
Quedelinburgum. Delskoi MooasL 
Racholium. Irenkoi Moaast. 

1633. Hailbrunna. Olira. 

1634. AquGB GroDum. Otmarautn, 
Fasten burgum. 1648. Auristadiuro. 
Lydum. Fridebutgum, 

1635. Kioria. Lingones. 
Lesna. Rocheater. 
Lincopia. Zamerdam. 
Znoima, Znaym, Zaoyni. 1649. Corcagia. 

1636. Cataaa. 1650. Aniaum. 

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1650. Gothoburgum. 
Mods FesBulaaus. 

1651. Mods R^U (Monre&le) 

1652. Lei tfa. 

1653. Fuitum. 


Utraria, Utrera. 

1655. Arnogtadium. 
Clanu Mom. 

1656. Anoeduin. 

1657. Schuol. 

1658. Smjfrna. 

1659. Corisopitiiini. 

1660. Boniu fons. 

St. Maod^. 

1661. Peseiwcum. 


1663. Harlinga. 

1664. Lauri. 

1669. Lnpiie. 

1670. Cibinium. 


1671. GorichenuiD. 





1674. S. SdMstiani Fanum. 
Siouake, Sluckutn, Slucze. 

1675. ColoDia Al|»iia. 

1676. Boston. 

LuDdinum Scaoonun. 

1677. Cantfaurium. 



Veneti (Vannes.) 
1679. Coligni. 




1666. Nicsa. 

Rudol pbostadium. 

1667. CbiloDiuin. 

Colonia Brandenburgica- 





166B. lua DamDonionini. 

1669. BaruthuiD. 


1680. Eiiuiedel, Einudleo. 

1682. Reralia. 

1683. Embrica. 

1684. Biel. 
Vibii Forum. 

1685. LauduQum. 
Trtyectum ad Mosam. 




1685. Tunuft. 


1686. Fbilkddphia.. 



Holyrood Houae. 

Hyetopotis ad IiliiiiB. 




1689. Briga. 



Treroltiuin, Trevoux. 


1693. Floena. 


1693. Bayoone. 

New York. 




1695. S. Germanua in LediA. 

1696. Boieux. 

1697. Cbartreuie. 



1700. Sancianum. 

Ceatury XVIU. 

1701. Narva. 

1702. Ascania. 

S. Galli Fanum. 







1704. Aurilbac. 

1706. Halebum. 

1707.Neobuipiin, (Njbo^.) 

1708. Solna. 
■ 709. CustriDum. 

1710. New LoDdo*. 

1711. La Charity. 

1712. Cosfeldia. 

1713. Waldenbuig. 

1714. Bel&at. 

1716. Sti^ Silesionun. 

1717. Kaiwaia. 


1720. Kingston, (Jai 

1721. Augusta Eburonum. 

1722. S. MeaebouM. 

1726. Annapolis. 

Faddenburg, hdoBbora. 


1728. Mona FaliMui. 




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1730. Bridgetown. (Bubodoes.) 
Tugeniu Fi^m, Ta^m. 

1731. AMisium. 


T^BTTiMenie ModsbL 

1734, Wales, 

1735. Chearoan. 


1736. Curia Refpidua. 

Samploi, or SanpaloG. 

1737. Columbum. 

1738. Bregogne. 

1739. Bar-le- Due. 


1740. CasiuBs MonMteriani. 
FoDtidffi MoDBHt. 


Zullichavia, Zuilictiorium. 

1743. Eate. 
Portiani Costruin. 

1744. Curia Variacomni. 

1745. Carolsniha. 

1746. Noviodunum. 

1747. Basseterre. 

1748. Arilly. 
St. John. 

1749. Coloca. 

1750. Ceceme. 
Port au Prince. 
Ragland CariJe. 


Halifax, (America.) 
lAncaster, (Amerin.) 


1752. Aretiuni, 

1753. Franciscopolia. 

1754. Bernabui^m. 

1755. Palmyra. 

1756. Arcueil. 


S. lago de ta Vegx. 

PoTtanouth, (Ainerioa.) 

1757. Gottinga. 

1758. Strawberry Hill. 

1759. Cella. 

Vi Cry-le-Fran qm. 

1760. EpbraU. 

Wilmington, (Delaware.) 

1762. Buetzorium. 

1763. Peatfainum, PeiCam. 
Volaterrs, Volteme. 

1764. Hartford. 

1765. Bois-Valon. 

Colonia Venetonnn. 
Roseau, (America.) 

1766. Barbium. 

1767- S. Maria. 

St-I^erre, (Uartiniqne.) 

1768. Grange. 

1769. Isle of Man. 

1770. Albany. 

■ Google 


1770. Keone. 1785. CharieMown. 

BuiiingtOD. Kebl. 

ChriidaDstult. Horns Aigtsus. 

Gljnd. Porta. 

UuiymddylTi. Tedo. 

1772. Briele. 1 786. Bin^. 

Ferney. Lexington, (Eentudcy.) 

Madras. P^ienlwmiiim. 

Nuten. 1787. Cbsteau-lbrt. 

Vepery. DetmolditL 

1773. Goritia. EichnUdiam. 
Nenbury-port. Etruria. 
Norwich, (America.) Fredericksbu^. 

1774. Exeter, (North America.) Haraaa, HaTOimah. 
Hilperhusia. Marcobraita. 

1775. MoQt^o bay. 1788- Mooresa. 
Hontml, (America.) Heldorpium. 
Trinoga. 1789. Bueooa Ayres. 
Worcester, (America.) Ruiea. 

l776.Atdebarougb. Spa. 

Dangers. Saeriniiro. 

Fishlrill. Vitodunmi Helretionun. 

1777. Gueret. UW.Buxorilla. 
Klagenfurth. London (New.) 
Mannum. Neoweda. 
Stargardia. Neomlium. 

1778. CalcutU, 17»1. Guemaey. 
Chanteloup. Trerccca. 
Fresnea. Zillj. 
Hanover, (North America.) 1792. Bombay. 
Hoogly. Tabema. 
Weatminster, (America.) 1793. CbiysopdU. 

1779. Conflnentes. Kaozrille. 
Veaullum, Vesoul. Vanrfaely. 

1780. Hrapaeya. Walpole. 
Malda. 1794. Brookfield. 
Nirigella. Corte. 
Passay. . Leira. 

1 781 . Marienwerder. Toi^rloa. 

1782. Blancoburgum. 1795. B^e. 
Haverhill. Chillicotbe. 

1783. Compiegoe. Cincinnati. 
NyoD. Comaroraium. 
Sbdbume. Newark, (America.) 
Windsor. (America.) OTetum. 

■ 784. St. George, (Bermuda.) Sydney. 

Haderalelna. 1796. Cotbus. 

POndicherry. Schemnitium. 

Sclarow. 1797.I>Mnpierre. 

1785. Baatia. 1798. Alexandria. 

Alba Carolina. Kahinu 

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1799. Czenk. 




1800. BoKh. 



1818. Berdraow. 


Hobart'i Town. 



Ceohiiy XIX. 


1802. Corbeil. 


1820. Bencoolen. 

1803. Kazaoum. 


New Orleans. 







1821. Aran. 

1805. Jaurinum. 


1806. Caraccas. 

Buider's Point. 

1807. Hafbd. 









Prince of Wales- Uand. 

1828. Bolacco. 



1808. Sarepta. 


1810. Aiiguita, (in America.) 






St. Louii. 

1823. Bade en Argone. 


Fort Madboroogh. 



IS12. FmgsioTe. 


.... ""ff^- 




Bki de Judro. 


1814. An. 









1816. AmhoyniL 










Uiington, (Viigini.) 



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1825. CLbUUod. 1826. Le Havre. 
Gftlvnton. S. HeUer. 
S. Helena. Maquaue. 
HeUiogfora. Puamoribo. 
Libau. Vera Cruz. 
S. Nicholaa. 1827. BetlieUdoip. 
Odessa. Bochioa. 
Pueo. Ecbota. 
Fenacg. Nagercwl. 
Fljmouth. 1828. Patns. 
Sanctiago. ShawDee-tovm. 
Tananarirou. Verrieres. 

1826. AubuTD. 1829. CastdDaadarr- 
Columbia. Coeroide. 

S. EtJeone. 



15. Hm 12. fbr rpW, read nofa. 

16.1MIUM, for 1753 Md 1632. 

36. iuwrt Bariegnu dtt Bin, 1776. 

47. line 27. for Tkeramm u r, read QUamm. 

91. iiuen £uet, 1789. 

95. Use 9. tor FUmla, ratil Fteralt. 
103. iiuert FmdIM, la MaMra, 1B2I. 
113. ineert GHartdUa, I«71. 
130. line 5. Add, — Slaec prfuting off tfaii page, a copy of thii Amiiwjr, but iai' 

perfect, bu bMB ibaed In tbe BodleUc library. See p. 340. 
162.1aetft Mareoli aWe, qn : what placn ? Panier mentknu an edition of Api- 

rnu printed here la 1787. 
174. inwrt Mvuatum, 1747. 
179. liM6. for 1727 nad 1707. 
336. (an. Pularia) for 1643, read 1614. 
241. line 8. (art Rio) for 1813, read 1808. 
243.UnelI. InnrtiAH-" Oiiirch."— 1617. 
245. Hne 5. sdd 1736. 
368. inMrt Sarmiia, lB3t. 

376. (art Sgraaae,) add,— Mnflng wu execated here ifl \99] . 
312. (wt fiflMTia,] for 1698, read 1657. 

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AacheD, see Aqua Granum. 

Aarhuflium, see Arhiulvm. 

Alraeria, 1640. 




ALOSTVM, 1473. 


Abbenlle, tee JbbatiM VUkt. 

ALTA VILLA, 1467- 


Aberdeen, see Abredonia. 

Aboa, 1642. 



Abredonia. 1622. 


Altona, 1673. 


Abrincs, 1545. 


Altorfia, 1596. 


Acbdemia Julia, see HelmeMtadmm. 

Amacao, see Macao. 

Acqui, see Atba. 

Aniacusa, 1582. 



Amberes, see Anhierpia. 

M^mi^ 1644. 


Amberga, 1593. 


.fiSSIVM. MXIVM, see Euutm. 

Ambiani, 1611. 


Aeth, see Athum. 

Amboyna. 1816. 


Agen, see Agmnum. 

Amiens, see Ambiani. 

Aginnum, 1545. 


Amiterauro, 1623. 


Agram, see Zagrabia. 


Agria. 1687. 

Aia, (1) see Haga. 



Aichstadt, see EkhttodiMm, 


Ancona, 1514. 





Aix, see Atpue Sextue. 

Andover, (America) 1818. 


Aix-la-CbapeUe, see Aqita 




St. Andrew's, see AndreapoliM. 

ALBA, 1493. 


Aneda, see Edi>,bt,fgum. 

. Carolina, 1785. 


■ Graeca, 1552. 


Angelopolis. 1639. 


Julia, 1568. 






ADglostadium, 1621. 


Albany, 1770. 






Albiburgum, 1501. 


Angra, 1583. 


Albiore in Sassonla. see yUemberga, 

Anicium, 1650. 





Alcala de Henares, see Coa^lutvm. 

Annapolis, 1726. 


Alcmaria, 1605. 


Annecium, 1656. 







Aotequera, see AntiquarUi. 

Aleppo, see Balebum, 

Antigola. 1563. 


Alexandria. 1798. 


Antiochia, 1824. 




370 I N D 

AntiquBiu, 1574. 14 
ADtiMiodonim, see AutModorum. 
Antreffuier, see Lmlrigutenm. 

ANTVERPIA, 1472. 14 

Aqun Granum, 1634. 15 

AqiueSextiK. 1574. 15 
AtiV£ STATIELL£, see Alba. 

AQVILA, 1482. 15 
Arte FUvi«, see Btabt/ria. 

Anu, 1821. 16 

Anusio, 1646. 16 
ArcUuDum Frauconim, 1631. 16 

Arcucil, 1756. 16 

Arcum, 1584. 16 

Arel&tc, 1647. 16 
Arenunim, see AnUienia. 

Aretium, 1752. 16 

Areralum, 1551. 17 
Arexzo, see Aretitm. 

TVM, 1471. 17 

Arhusium, 1519. . 1? 

Arimiaum, 1521. 17 
Aries, see Arelatie. 

Arnbemia. 1612. 18 
Araoldi villa, see Amhemia. 

Aramtadium, 1655. 18 
Anutadt, see Anuutadium. 

Arosia, 1621. 18 

Arras, see Atrebatum. 18 

Ascania, 1702. 18 

AschaffeDbui^m, 1620. 18 
AscoU. see Atculuni. 

ASCVLVM, 1477. 18 

Assisiiun, 1731. 19 

ABta, (Asti) 1518. 19 

Asta, (in Spain) 1626. 19 

Asdgium, 1641. 19 
Astorga, see Atturica. 

Astracban, 1815. 19 

Asturica, 1624. 19 
Ata cliath, gee DubUntum. 

Atheote. 19 

Rauracs, see Batilea. 

Alhum, 1622. 20 

Atrebatum, 1517- 20 

Atileborou^, 1776. 20 

Ava, 1814. 20 

Avaricum, 1540. 20 

Auburn, 1826. 20 

Auchinlecb. 20 

Audomaropolis, 1600. 2! 

AVENIO, 1497. 21 

Augsburg, see Angtata Ftadduw- 

Augst, see Augvtla Mmatiana. 
Augusta, (in America) 1810. 21 

Eburonum, 1721. 21 

Munatiana, 1606. 21 

Penisia, see Petiuia. 

Rauracoram, see Augtuta 

~ Tauriuorum, see Tavri- 

aee Argen- 

• Trebocomni, 


Trecaram, see Trecte. 

Trerironinj, see Treviri. 

Tricaauoruin, 1615. 23 

Trinobaotum, see Londi- 

'■ ■ VanfpoiiuRi, see VoTtna~ 



AuguatoduDum, 1596. 22 

Augustoritum Pictonum, see L^ 

moDKeiue Cattrum. 
Arignon, see Avemo. 
AviJly, 1748. 23 

Aula r^a. 22 

AVRACVM, 1481. 23 

Avnmches, see Abrmat. 
AVRELIA. 1490. 24 

AureUa Allobrogum, see Geneiia. 
Aureliopolis, 1604. 24 

Aurillac, 1704. 24 

Auristadium, 1648. 24 

Australia, 1825. 24 

AVSTRI^ CIVITAS. 1480. 24 
Autiaiiodorum, 1580. 24 

Autun, see AttgtutoduHum, 
AuKcrre, see AutModontm. 
Azores Islands, see Angra. 

Babenberga, see Bamberga. 
Ba^a, see Batta. 

Bade en Argorie, 1823. 25 

Bae^a, see Beacia. 
Bagnolet, 1600. 35 

Baieux, 1696. 25 

Baltimore. 25 

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BAMBERGA, 1462. 


Bernaburgum, 1754. 


Bar-le-duc, 1739. 


Bannovia, 1628. 



Bartnuttro, 1622. 


Beron Minster, see Beroaa. 

BarbiuB.. 1766. 


BERONA, 1470, or 1472. 


Barcelona, see Barchmo. 

Besangon, we B'awitia. 

BARCHINO, 1475. 


Betbania, 1620. 


BARCVM. 1497. 


Betheldorp, 1827. 




Beverley, 1510. 


Banuro, 1516. 


Beziers, see Biteira. 

Barlanga, Ke BerUmga. 

Biatia, see Beacia. 


Biel, 1684. 


Barxino, aee Barehino. 

BienDG, 1770. 


Basatum. see Vaiaium. 

Bilbao, see FUmobriga. 

BASILEA. 1474. 




Bassanum, 1623. 


Binchium, 1546. 



Binga, 1786. 


Buu, (Basti) 1614. 


Bionne, 1673. 


Baalia, 1785. 


BipontJum, 1597. 


Bam™, 1703. 


Bipontium, see VaUU Fotagica 

fiaudiiaa, lee Badwina. 


Bautzen, see Budiima. 

BISVNTIA, 1487. 


Ba;eiut, see fideiu. 

Bilem^ 1626. 


Beyonne, 1693. 



Bitungae, see Avaricum. 


Bajnith, aee Baruthnm. 

Baza, see Btuta. 

BLABYRIA, 1475. 


Bazas, see Vatatwm. 

Blaje, 1795. 


Beacia, 1551. 



Beauraia, «ee Belioeacum. 

Beirut, 1751. 


Belfiist, 1714. 



Bellary, 1819. 


Bellegrade, Ke^26aGRtca 

Bleate, 1559. 



Bliterte. see BUerra. 


Blois, see Blaa. 


Bochina, 182?. 


Bdvidere« 1593. 


Bogol*. J8H. 


BeluDuro, (BeUuno) 1629. 


Bois-)e-Duc, see Btueum Duck 

Benares, 1819. 


Bois-Vallon. 1765. 


Bencoolen. 1820. 


Bolacco, 1822. 


Benerentum, 1646. 



Benfica, 1623. 


Bolivar, 1825. 


Berdyczow, 1818. 


Bologna, see Bononia. 
Botnb&y. 1792. 

BergK>p-Zooin, 1605. 



BoDna. 1543. 


Bergen. 1824. 


Bonnefont, see Bonut Rmt. 

Bergeracum, 1610. 


BONONIA, 1471. 


Bergomum, 1556. 


Bonus Pons, 1660. 


Berlanga, 1564. 


Borgo di S. Sepolcro, see BUurgia. 

Berlin, see Berolmam. 

Bordelen, see Bvrdigaia. 

Bema, 1539. 


Bosch, 1800. 



372 I 

Boston, 1676. 

Bouillon, Bee BuOio. 

Bourbon, 1821. 

BourdeaiH, see Burdigala. 

Bourg en Breaie, tee Burgiu. 

Boni^es, see jttxiriaim. 

Bracdanurn, 1621. 

Brachara, or'\ 

Bnickra, or V 1494. 

Bmga, J 

Brandenburg, New, see NeobroM- 

BraoBberga, 1601. 39 

Brauniperga, see Bratuherga. 
Branim Burgi, see Bttrgi. 
Brecennum, see BmccioiiHin. 
Breda, 1615. 39 

Brett(^, 1738. 39 

BmdabolBtad, 1A62. 39 

Brema, 1585. 39 

Breschia, tee Brisia, 
Breacz, tee Brettia. 
Breslau, see VratuloBia. 
Brest, about 1650. 39 

Brettia, 1546. 40 

Bridgetown, finrbadoes, 1730. 40 
Brieg, tee Briga. 

Briele. 1772. 40 

Briga, 1689. 41 

Brian, see Bnama. 
BRIXU, 1473. 41 

Brookeeld, 1794. 41 

BRVG^, 1473. 41 

BRVNNA, 1486. 42 

Bninonia, 1509. 42 

BniDOpolis, see Braruberga, 
BruDsber^ see Brambtrga, 
BniQsfekium, 1543. 42 

Brunsncuni, Bruntviga, see Bru- 


Bruntmtuni, 1628. 
Brussels, see BruxeUa. 
BRVXELL^, 1474. 
Brxescz, see Bratia. 
Bucharestiutn, 1666. 
BVDA, 1473. 
Budinga, 1727- 
Budissina, 1550. 
Buenos-Ayres, 1769. 
Buetzoriuin, 1762. 
Bueza, see Beacia. 


Bulak, see Bolaoeo. 
Bullio, 1765. 
Burder'a Point, 1821. 45 

Bur(%ala, 1529. 45 

BVRGDORFIVM, 1475. 45 

BVRGI, 1485. 45 

Burgum Auracense, see Juraeum. 
Burgura Uxoroense, see Ojoma. 
BurvuB, 1628. 45 

Burlington, 1770. 46 

BVSCVM DVCIS, 1484. 46 

Butzow, Bee £u^atttuin. 
Buxovilla, 1790. 46 

Byruthum, tee BarullntM. 

CABEUA, 1478. 46 

Cabiilonum, 1654. 46 

Caceres. 46 

Cadiz, see Gade$. 
CADOMVM. 1480. 
Cadui«um, 1617. 
Caen, tee Codomitm. 
Caerflyrtfain. 47 

Caer&uigon. 47 

Caer-Graunt. 47 

Caer-Ludd. 4? 

C^SAR AVGVSTA, 1476. 4? 
Cseaarodunum, see rurona. 
Cffisen^ 1525. 47 

Ctetobria, see Satobrit. 
Cagli, see Callmm. 
Cagliari, see Calaru. 
Canors, see CndureuM. 
Cairo, see Ktdara. 
Calais, see Caletum. 
Colamata. 47 

Calari*. 1576. 47 

Calceata. 48 

Calcutta, 1778. 48 

Caldoriana Societal, 1609. 48 

Caletum, 1599. 48 

Calissium, 1606. 48 

Caller, see CdUtrv, 
CALUVM, 1475. 48 

Calmaria, 1620. 49 

Calmarsund, see Cabnana. 
Caluniosetta, 1822. 49 

Calzada, Bee Calceata. 
Camberiacuni, tee Ckamhervem. 
Cambray, see Cameraoaa. 


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Cambridge, (America) 1639. 49 
Cambridge, see Cantabrigia. 

Caraerecum, 1601. 53 

Camerinum, 1575. 54 

Campi, 1599. 54 
Campidanum, orCampidona, 1610. 
Canicopolia, see KiUeetiMia. 

Cantabrigia, 1521. 54 

Canterbury, 1549. 54 

Canthuiium, 1677- ^ 
Canton, Ke Quam-cheu. 

Cape Francois. 54 

Cape Town. 55 

Capua. 55 

Caracas, 1806. 55 

Caiantonus, 1627. 56 

Carcassona, ISl?. 56 
Carentonium, see CaroTttomu. 

CarlscTona, 1687. 56 
Carlsruhe, see Caroltruha. 

CARMAGNOLA, 1497. 56 

Camota, 1627. 56 

Camutum, 1592. 56 

Carolopolis, 1613. 56 

Carolsruha, 1745. 56 

Carpentras, see CarpentortUum. 

Carpum, 1506. 57 

Cartbagena, 1824. 57 
Casal di S. Vaso, see Caiale 

Casal Maggiore, see Caiale Major. 

CASALE MAIOR, 1486. 57 

S. EVAXn, 1481. 57 

Caunum, see Katanum. 
Caschau, see Caitovia. 

Caseres, 1703. 67 

Caunaa Monasterium, 1740. 57 
Casiel, see CauelUe. 

CASSELA, 1475. 58 

Casaelle, 1599. 58 
Caaselle, see Cattela. 

Cassovia, 1620. 58 
Caste] a mare, see Stabia. 

CaatelFranco, 1761. 68 
Castello, see jyenmm. 

Castellona, 1678. 58 

Castelnaudary, 1829. 58 

Castra, 1626. 68 

Cattrum Cortesium, 1510. 68 



Caiurgis, see Praga. 
Catalaunum, 1601. 
Calana, 1636. 
Catuapolis, 1632. 
CeceiTEe, 1750. 
Cefalu, see CephaUedis. 
Cella, 1759. 
Cells, 1618. 
Cenomani, 1546, 
Centum, 1543. 

Cephalodium, J 

Cerraria, Cervera, see Cecerra. 

Cerricomus E. 1536. 

Ceaena, see Getena. 

Cetobrica, see StetobrU. 

Ceulen, see Colonia. 

Ceuta, 1817. 60 

Chablies, or Chablitz, see CaheUa. 

Cbalons sur Mame, see Cataiav- 

Chalona aur Saone, see Cabiilo- 

CHAMBBRIVM, 1484. 60 

CfaanteloHp, 1778. 60 

Charenton, see Carantonu*. 
Charity (la) 1711. 60 

Charleston, 1785. 60 

Charteatown, 1730. 60 

Charlenlle, see CarolopoUi. 
Charlottetown, see Roseau. 
Chartres, see Camutum. 
Chartreuse, 1697- 60 

Cbaswao, see Chetrwtn, 
Chateau-fort, 1787. i 

Chatillon-Bur-Seine, 1825. < 

Cbaumont, 1598. < 

Chemnitium, 1691. ( 

Cherium, 1607. ' 

Chesroan, 1736. i 

Chester, 1656. i 

Chiaramonte, see Clanu Mont. 
Chieri, see Cherimn, 
Chillicothe, 1795. I 

Chilonium, 1667. I 

Chinsurah, 1820. I 

Chios. I 

Chiras, Chirazzo, see CUmanum. 
Christbourg, see CKrisUinga. 
Christiania, 1666. I 

Christiansand, 1823. I 


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874 I N D 

Chriatianitedt, 1770. 63 

ChriilliDga, 1577. 63 

Chrysopotis, 1793. 63 

CibiDium, 1670. 63 

Cincinnati, 1795. 63 

Citizum, tee Ciia. 
Citta di Castello, see T^emum. 
Ciudad de los Reyes, see Lima. 

di Friuli, see Aiutria O- 

Ciza, 1677- 64 

Clugenfurt, see KUtgenfurih. 

Clams Mons, 1655. 64 

CLAVASIVM. 1486. 64 

Claudiopolis, 1566. 64 

Ctauseoburg, see Claudu^Us, 
Claiuthal, 1727. 64 

Clennont, see Claromontmm. 
Cleves, see C&ia. 
Clivia. 1625. 64 

Cluni. see Cluniacum. 
CLVNIACVM, 1493. 64 

Coblentz, see Coafitientet. 
COBVRGVM, 1482, or 1530. 64 
Codania, see Hafnia. 
Coctogno, see Cotoneam. 
Coesfeid, see Cotfeldia. 
Coevorde, 1829. 65 

Coimbra, see Conimbrica. 
Coire, see Curia Hhtetontm. 
Colberga, 1656. 65 

Coligni, 1679. 65 

COLLA, COLLIS, 1478. 65 

Culle, see ColUs VaUia Tnanjua. 
CoUes Vallis Trumpiw, 1503. 65 
Colmar, see Columbaria. 
Colmaiia, 1523. 65 

Coin, see Colonia Bfandenbvrgica. 
Coloca, 1749. 65 

Colocza, see Cohea. 
Cologna, see Colonia yenetorum, 
Cologne, see Colonia Agrippitta. 
Coloma, see Colonia Agr^pma. 
Colombo, see Columbum. 
' AHobrt^m, see Geneva. 

Alpina, 1675- 66 

Brandenbiirgica, 166?. 

COLONIA Claudk, see Colnmt 

Julia Ronuuia, ice Hi- 

- Munatiana, see BatUea, 

- ad Suenim, I , 

J btirgiea. 

-Venetorum, 1765. 6? 

- Vihathica, see Madri- 

- Ubiorum, see Cotoiia 

Coloswar, see ClaMdiopoHt. 
Columbaria, 1754. 
Columbia, 1826. 
Columbum, 1737. 
Comaromium, 1/95. 
Comopolis, 1620. 
Comom, see Comaronuim). 
Compiegue, 1783. 
Complutum, 1503. 
Compostella, 1673. 
COMVM, 1474. 
Concha, 1589. 
CoDdivincum Nannetum, see 

Condoniiura, 1689. 
ConegliaDum, 1611. 
Confluentes, 1779. 
Coni, see C^neum. 
Conimbrica, 1516. 
Con sent! a, see Cutentia. 
Constantia, 1505. 


Copenhagen, see Eafiaa. 
Corbacbium. 1678. 71 

Corbeil, 1802. 71 

Corca^a, 1649. 71 

Cordova, see Cordvba. 
Cordova (S. America.) 72 

Corduba, 1585. 73 

Corfii, 1817. 72 

CORIA, 1469. 72 

Corigsmia, see Koregimuau. 
Connlh, 1822. 72 

Corisopitium, 1659. 72 

Cork, see Corcagut, 
Coraouaille, see CoritopUmm. 


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Coneggio. 1555. 



Comoi^ 1687. 


Debrecmum, 1756. 


Corte. 1794. 


Debrecziu, Debretcen, see Dtbreti- 



Cortracum, 1626. 


Dedhani, 1816. 


Cortryck, see Cortraatm. 

Delft, see Deipki. 



DELPHI. 1477. 


GoKDZa. see Ctumtia. 


Cosfeldi^ 1712. 


S. Denis, see Diom/mim. 

Coeminecum, 1561. 


S. DeodaU fimum, 1507. 


Cotbus, 1796. 


Derpatum, 1642. 



Dertona, 1614. 


Cothon. see Cotlwium. 

Dertosa, 1538. 



Dessaria, 1696. 


Coiu. 1822. 


Detmoldia, 1787. 


Cotyni, 1820. 


Detroit, 1810. 


Courtray, see Cortraatm. 

Derenter, see Davmtria. 

CRACOVIA, 1491. 


Deuzpouts, see B^Mniium. 

Crem., 1571. 


Dia, 1660. 


CREMONA, 1472. 


St. Diey, see S. Deodati Fanum. 

Dijon, see Dwu>, 

Crispinus (Jo.) 


S^ '=«■ 


CromUdl, see Cototm. 





DisentU, 1729. 


VM. 1489. 


DIVIO, 1491. 


Cuelen, gee Coionia. 

Ceeoea, see Canchtt. 

Di?ona Cadurei, see Caduratm. 



Dobromilium, 1611. 


Cuinana, 1824. 


Cuneuni, 1507. 


DOLA, 1490. 


Ouiia Regnitisna, 1736. 


S. Domingo, before 1700. 


Rhstorum, 1611. 


S. Domingo de Calzada, lee 


VarisOTrum. 1744. 



CVSENTIA, 1478. 


Dominica, 1802. 


Custrinum, 1709. 


Dordracum, 1571. 


Cutna, see Ktutemberga, 

DonJrecht, see Dordracum. 

CvgDea, 1523. 


Doqjatum, »ee Derpatum. 

Czenk, 1799. 


Dort, tee Dordractim. 

Caenstochovia, 1693. 


Dortmund, see Tremonia. 

Caeraigoy, see Tzemogimia. 


DouBV, see Duacum. 


Dnicenum. 1816. 


Damascus, 1605. 



Drewla, 1524. 


Dauhusium, 1592. 


Driesen, see TrUinga. 

Dantiscum, 1595. 


Drontheim, see Nidroiia. 

Danlzic, see Dantitcum. 

Duacum, 1565. 


Danvers, 1776. 



Dar.el-kamar, 1821. 


Dudentadium. 1675. 



Duillier, 1677. 



876 INI 

Diibburgum, 1S9S. 84 

Dud Eudaio, see EdiiilnirgiM. 
Dunikerka, 1677- 84 

Dunkard town, aee Ephrala. 
Durlach, see TwrelaeHm. 
Durocortunim, «ee RemL 
Duueldorf, we Duueldropuini. 
Duueldropium, 1561. 84 

Dvrenfurtum, 1679. 84 

Ebernbu^, see Ebenburptm, 
Ebenbur^D), 1520. 84 

Eblana, see DvbUnvm. 
Ebnat, 1824. 84 

EboTs. 1521. 85 

Eboracum, 1509. 85 

EbroduDum, 1586. 85 

Ebroicum, 1601. 85 

Ecbmia: ' 

Echott, 1827. 86 

Eciju, see Atti^m, 
Ediobracium, see Edmburgum. 
Edinbui^m, 1507. 86 

Eger, Egra, see Agria. 
EgimL 87 

B«iDore, 1813. 87 

Eichstadium, 1787- 87 

Eichstadt, see Eiutadiam. 
Eimeo, 181?. 87 

Einaiedel, Einsidlen, 1680. 87 
Eiseaach, see Jtenacwn. 
Eisleben, see hleitta. 
Eisteta, see Eustadium, 
Elberfeld. 1515. 88 

Elbinga, 1641. 88 

Elna, see Perpmianum. 
Elsinore, see HeUmgOTa. 
EltTiUe, see AUa vlUa. 
ELTWILLA, see AUa eUla. 
EWetionim Aigenti&a, see Argen- 

Embdanuni, 15.34. 88 

Embrica, Embricuin, 1683. 88 
EmdoD, see Embdanum. 

Emerita, 1545. 89 
Emmericuiu, aee Embrica. 

Enchusa, 1609. 89 

Eugadi Vsllis. 1506. 89 
EngDlismum, see Angolumum. 

Ephrata, 1760. 90 

Epila, 1596. 90 

Epmat, 1756. 90 
Eremus S. Maris de Ruab, 1505. 90 

ERFORDIA, 1482. 91 
Ei^via, see Berona. 

Erlanga. 1744. 91 
Erpbordia, see Erfordia. 

ESSIVM, 1472. 91 

ESSLINGA, 1473. 91 

Eate, 1743. 92 
Bstella, see SteOa. 

Etieone, (S.) 1896. 92 
Etlingenj see ElteUnga. 

Etom, 1610. 9S 

Etruria. 1787. 92 

Ettelioga, 1531. 93 

Evie, 1611. 93 
ETom, see Ebora. 
Evreux, see Ebroioim. 

EVSTADIVM. 1478. 93 
Exeter, see Jtca Danmoniontm. 
Exeter, (Nortb America) 1774. 93 
Exija, see Astigium. 
Exoiiia, aee Itea Datmonionim, 

Faensa, see Faoatlia. 

FaDum, 1502. 93 

FaDum Luciferi, 1569. 94 

F^roese. 1600. 94 

Faatembui^m, ]634. 94 

Fareotin, I6I6. 94 
Feldkirck, aee Veldkircl^. 
Felsina, see Bonoiua. 
Fertno, see Finnium. 

Ferney, 1772 ^ 94 

FERRARIA, 1471. 94 

Ferrol, 1804. 95 

Fiesole. 1821. 95 
Firenze, Fiorenza, see Florenlia. 

Flraiium, 1586. 95 

FishkiU, 1776. 95 

FIVIZANVM, 1472. 95 

Flariobriga, 1583. 95 
Fleche, see FUxia. 
Flenopolis, see Ftauburgum. 

Fleasbifrgum, 1675. 95 

Fleasinga, 1609. 96 

Flexia, 1612. 9« 

FLORENTIA, 1471. 96 

Fluelen, 1824. 97 
Poligno, see Fulgineum. 


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inp -*==x. 



FDDtADetnm Cotnitia, 1610. 
Forest (la) 1626. 
Forii, see Forum IapiL 
Fort-Marlborough, 1823. 
Fort St. George, see Madra*. 
Fort-William, about 1800. 98 
Forum Comelii. 98 

Julium, see Avitria Gviiai. 

LIVII, 1496. 98 

Semprooii, 1513. 98 

Fossombrone, see Forunt Stmpronii. 
Franciscopolis, 1753. 99 

Franco rortium, ~l 
Francofurtum >1507. 99 

ad Mffiauin,J 
■ Marclii- 1 

-ad Ode- j 

1604. 100 
Francophordia <m O- I 
deram. j 
Francpbordia, see Francofurtam. 

Franequera, 1586. 100 

Frankeothal, 1611. 100 
Frankfort, see Francofurtum. 

Franlrfort (Americii) 100 

Fraunitz. 100 

Fraustadiiun, before 1700. 100 

Fredericksburg. 1787. 100 

Fredericstadt, 1624. 101 

Fr«istadium, 1622. 101 
Freysinga, see Frimnga. 

Fmnes, 1778. 101 

FRIBVRGVM, 1493. 101 

Fridebui^m, 1648. 101 

FRISIA, 1488. 101 

FRISINGA, 1495. 102 

Frogniore, 1812. 102 

FVLGINEVM, 1470. 102 

FUaftircheo, see Qumque Eccte- 

Oadea, 1610. 
Gaeta, see Gaielia. 
GAIEITA. 1487- 
Gaillon, see GalUo. 
Galitz, 1606. 
S. Galli Fanum, 1702. 
Gallio, 1644. 


^»Iv«ton, 1825. 
"Wiabura, see AureUa. 

GANDAVUM, 1483. 104 

Gaodia. 104 

Garda. 104 
Gauda, see Gouda. 
Gebenna, see Geneva. 
Gedannm, see DanHtcum. 

Geismaria, 1629. 104 

GENEVA, 1478. 104 

GENVA, 1474. 105 
St. George, (Bermuda) 1784. 106 
St. George's Town, 1765, 105 

Gera, 1607- 105 
Gerinchemium, see Gorichenum. 

Germantown, 1735. 105 
S. GermanuH ia LediA, 1695. 106 
Gerona, see Gerunda. 

S. Gerrasius, 1602. 106 

GERUNDA, (483. 106 

Gestho?icium, 1592. 107 
Ghent, see Gandavmn. 
Giasiuni, see lattium. 

GIENNIVM. 1500. 10? 

Giessa, 1606. 107 
Ginevra, see Geneva, 

Gippesncum, 1548. 107 
Girona, see Gerunda. 

Gissa, see Qiaaa. 

Gizeh, 1800. 108 

Gladum, 1698. 108 

Glascua, 1638. \{^ 
Glasgow, see Glanua. 
Glatz, see Giaeium. 

Glogario, 1621. 108 

Glucstadiura, 1645. 108 

Glynd, 1770. 109 

Gmunda. 109 

Goa, 1563. 109 

Goatimala, 1667- 109 
Goettingen, see GoUinga. 
Gorcum, see Gorichenum. 

Gorichenum, 1671. 109 

Goritia. 1773. 109 

Gorlicium, 1565. 109 
Goafeldia, see Cotfeldia. 

Goslaria, 1607. 110 

Gotha, 1642. HO 

Gothoburgum, 1650. 110 



Ootsudium, 1616. 
GottingB, 1757- 
GOVDA. 1477. 
Gozfddea, nee Cotfeidia. 
GRADI5CA, 148«. 
r. 1 1590. 

GRANATA, 1486. Ill 

Grants, 1708- 113 

Gntz, tee Gricdum. 
GraTionarium, see Batnberga. 
Greenwich, 1554. 112 

Grenoble, see Gratianopolii. 
GriRM. 1523. 112 

Gripawaldiv, see GryphituaUia. 
Grodiscum, 157». 112 

Grodzisko, see Gfoditcwn. 
GroDinga, 1610. 112 

Grosiana Officioa, 1596. 
GryphiBwaldia, 1612. 112 

Guadalaxare, 1564. 113 

Guaiaquil, 1624. 113 

Giiatimala, see Gaatimala, 
Cuba, 1676. 113 

Guelpherb]rtum, 1541. 113 

Gueret, 1777. 113 

Guernsey, 1791. 113 

Guima^aeD^ see f^rmarantmt. 
Gustrona, 1629. 113 

Guyana, 1824. 113 

Haarlem, see Harlatutm. 
Hadamar, 1800. 114 

Haderalebia, 1784. 114 

HAFNIA. 1493. 114 

HaJbd, 1807. 114 

Haga Comitum, 1593. 114 

Haga Scbaumbur^ca,- see fimlAe- 

HAGENOA, 1489. 115 

Hailbnina, 1633. 115 





Uala Suevoium, 1536. 
Halberatadia, 1520. 
Halebuiu, 1706. 
Ualifox, (America) 1751. 


HsUe, see Bata Sarmwm. 

HAMBVRGVM, 1491. ilS 

Hammipolis, 1646. 116 
Hammona, see Ha^fUTgKm. 
Hanau, see Htmooia. 

Hannovera, 1547. 116 
Hanover, (North America) 1778. 


Haooria, 1593. 1 16 
Harburg, see Hartberga. 

Harderoricum, 1 ,.,„ ,,_ 

Harderricum. } ^^'^^ '" 

Harfleur, 1720. 117 

Haig, 1757. 117 

HARLEMVM, 1483. 117 

Harlinga, 1663. 117 

Hartb^ 1611. 117 

Hartford, 1764. 117 

HASSELTVM, 1480. 118 

Hamhill, 1782. 118 
Harre-de' Grace, see nwicucopolu. 

Harrele, (America) 1826. 118 

Hederuhetoi. 118 

HEIDELBERGA, 1485 118 
HeitbroD, see Haiibruna. 

S. Helena, 1825. 118 

Helenopotis, see Francof. ad Mtt- 

S. Heli'er, 1826. U9 

Helmestadium, 1580. 119 

Helaingfors, 1825. 119 

Helsiugora, 1603. 119 
Henrichau, *\ 
Uenrichs, 1 „ - _ ,. 


Henricopolis, 1573. 119 

UERBIPOLIS, 1479. 119 

Herboma, 1585. 120 
Herman nstadt, see Cibmiuin. 
Henuanopolis, see Gbmiun. 

Heraosandium, 1706. 121 
Hilbur^Husen, see HUperlumt. 

Hildeaia, 1605. 121 

Hilperhusia, 1774. 121 

Hirtber^a, 1765. 121 
Hirschberg, see Htnberga, 

HISPALIS. 1476. 121 
Hispantola, see St, Domiitgo, 


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Hobart's Tovn, 1818. 121 
Hoffii, see Curia Regnitima, and 

Cttria Varucontm. 

HOLMIA, 1483. 123 

Mobtem, 1712. 133 

Holum, HoIb, 1530. 123 

UoljrroDd House, 1687. 126 

Homburgum, 1711. 127 

Hononooro, 1822. 127 

Ho(«ly, 1778. 127 
HooluD), see Holum. 

HooraU, Jjg22 


Hrapseya, 1780. 

Huesca, see Osca. 

Hydra. 127 

Hyebipolis ad Istnim, 1687. 128 

S. Jacobus de TUtilulco, 1599. 128 
JaeD, see Gienntam. 

S. Jago de la Vega, 1756. 128 
Japan, see Amaciua, Taeacum, and 


Jaroskvia, 1622. 128 

Jassium, 1816. 128 
Javarin, see Jaurmum. 

Jaurinum, 1805. 130 

Ichenhusium, 1544. 130 
8. Jenn de Maurienne, see Mau- 

Jeddo, see Yedo. 

Jdgawa, 1816. 130 

Jena, 1545. 130 

Jesi, see Etsium. 

Jesnitzium, 1702. 130 

ILARDA, 1479. 130 

Imola, see Foram Corned. 

INGOLSTADIVM, 148?. 131 

Inspnick, see (Enipotu. 

Insula ad lacuni Acronium, 1604. 


Insuls, 1604. 131 

Interamum, 1637. 131 
Inthal, see Engadi. 

St. John, 1748, 131 
St. John's (New Brunswick.) 131 
Jonkioping, see Junecopia. 

Jordaniniola, 1823. 132 

Ipne, 1610. 132 

Ipsara. 132 
Ipswich, see Gippemicam. 

E X. 879 

Iraciense MoDaBterinm, 1609. 132 
Irnn, 1739. 132 

Isca Damnoaiorum, 1668. 132 
Ischar, see Sora. 

Isenacum, 1524. 132 

Isernia, see Msernia. 
Isidis Vadum, see Oxonia. 
Isle of Man, 1769. 132 

Islebia, 1566. 132 

Isna, 1532. 133 

S. Juan de la pena. 133 

Juli, 1612. 133 

Juliobriga, see Lucrofuam. 
Juliomsgum, see Aitdegaoum. 
Junecopu, 1688. 133 

Junkoping. see Jtmecopia. 
Juretum, 1587. 133 

Iverdon, see Ebrodunnm. 
Iverskoi Monasterium, 1647. 133 
Ixar, see Sora. 

Kahira, 1798. 134 

Kaire, see Kahira. 
Kaiwai, 1717. 134 

Kalisz, see Caiisdum. 
Karalanska, 1735. 134 

Karasa, 1807. 134 

Kaasa, see Couoria. 
Kazanum. [803. 134 

Kehl, 1785. 135 

Kemper, see CoritopUium. 
Kempten, see Campidvnvm. 
Kesroan, see Charoan, 
Keulen, see Colonia. 
Kharkof, 1820. 135 

Khizurpoor, 1807- 135 

Kiang-ning, see Nanctanum. 
Kiel, see Chiltmium. 
Kiew, see Kiovia. 
Kilia, see Chilonium. 
Kilkennia, 1641. 136 

Kilonium, see CbUoMum. 
Kingston, (Jamaica) 1720. 136 
Kiobenhafn, see Hafiua. 
Kiof, see Kioeia. 

Eioria, 1618. 136 

Klagenfuith, 1777. 137 

KnoCTille, 1793. 137 

Kobui^m, see Ct^rgwn. 
Koerorde, see Coevorde. 
Kolocz, see CoUxa. 

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Kon^ngrtts, Me Regbuhraile- 

Konigsburg, aee Mmu-tUgatit, and 

Kor^inum, 1597. 137 

Kosmio, see CotmitieaHm. 
Kotbiu, ue Cot&M*. 
Kotye, see Cotym. 
KnUtz, 1579. 137 

Knawick, 1700. 137 

Kuteinski Monuterium, 1632. 137 
KVTTENBVHGA. 1489. 137 
Kuzau, see Libauu Maru. 

Ldwcum. 1578. 136 

XjaboduDum, tee Ladeburgnm. 
Ladeburgum, 1603. 138 

Lancaster, (America) 1751. 138 

V'^^TT' }l514- 138 

LandBhutum, J 

Lat^Dsalxft, see Longoiatitta. 

Langres, see Lmgoite*. 

LANTENACVM. 1484. 138 

LANTRIGVERVM, 1499. 138 

LaoD, see Latiditn»m. 

La Rocca, see Lapix. 

Lucauum, 1639. 139 

Lassay, 1727. 139 

Laszczovia, 1610. 139 

Laubacb, see Labacum. 

Laubuoa, 1687. 139 

Laudunum, 1685. 139 

Lavenbui^m, 1703. 139 

LAVGINGA, i,.»„ ,„. 

LAVINGA, r*^^- ^39 

Lauretum, 163?. 139 

Lauri, 1664. 139 

Lausanna, 1556. 140 

Laus Pompda, 1587. 139 

Lavbach, see Labacum. 

LebanoD, see Ziionut. 

Lecee, see Lydum. 

Lee Priory. 140 

Leerdam, see Louri. 

Legboro, see Ijgunmt. 

Legio, 1512. 

LEIDA, 1483. 

Ldpsic, (Little) see Gera. 

Leipsic, see I^ma. 

Leira, 1794. 

LEIRIA, 1492. 

Leith, 16S2. 

Le Mans, see Cenommi, 

Lemburg, see LeopolU. 

Lemgovia, 1563. 


Lends, 1636. 
Leodicum, -[ , , -_ 
Leodiun. I'*'"' 
LeoD, see Legio. 
Leopolis, 1586. 
Leorardia, 1597. 
Lerida, see Ilerda. 

Lesioa, 1640. 
Lesna, 1635. 
Leazno, see Lema. 
Lieucopetra, 1721. 
Leucorea, see Fiiemberga. 
Leutmerits, see Liiomaicaim. 
Ijeutomisctil, see Li/oniifltiim. 
Leutschovia, 1617. 
r^eu warden, see Leooardia. 
LeziDgtoa, (Kentucky) 1786, 
LexJogtoQ, (Virginia) 1816. 
Leyden, see Leida. 
Leyrai^rdum, see Lara, 
Libanua Mona, 1610. 143 

Libau, 1825. I4j 

Liboume, see LUmrnia. 
Libumia, 1650. I4j 

Idcha, 1597. 14J 

Lidum, see Lydun. 
Liebau, see Lobaeia. 
Li^e, see Leodiam. 
Liegnitz, see Lignidum. 
Liesina, see Letina. 
LIGNICIVM, 1481. 14S 

Lignitz, see Ligrtidum. 
UgurDUB, 1650. 143 

I^ma, 1586. 145 

Limoges, see Lemomceiue caffnm. 










Lincopia, 1635. 
Lindau, see Lijtdaugia, 
Lindaugia, 1601. 
LingH, 1732. 
Lingones, 1595. 
Liukoping, ■ 



/Crafe&^u, i.e.. 4s7>^^£fy. 

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LiDtzium, see Lmtia. 
LIPSIA, 1480. 146 

Lisboa, Liibon, §ee Vl^ttipo. 
Lisle, see Ivtula. 
Liua, see Lettia. 

XJteromericium, 1636. 147 

l4thopoDtuiD, ue Harg. 
Liuiinisliuin, 1585. 147 

lAvoTDO, see Ligurnu*. 
Uanymddyfn, 1770. 147 

lilundain, see LoruUnum. 
LobBTJB, 1717. 147 

Lodeacum, see Lanlataeum. 
Lodere, tee Ltttmianum, and Lo- 

Lodi, see Lout Pompeia. 
Lodova, 1641. U? 

LoevestdD, 1622. 147 

Iiogrono, see Luerontum. 
LONDINVM. 1480. 14? 

LoDdoD, (New) I7OO- 149 

LoQgosalissa, 1752. 149 

Lordelo Monasterium. 149 

Zioreno, see Lauretum. 
LosBDB, see Lmaanna. 
Loscum, 1573. 149 

Lo« reyes, see Lima. 
LotziD, 1748. 149 

LOVANIVM, 1473. 149 

Loudeac, see LaiUenaaan. 
St. Louis, 1810. 150 

Lourain, see Looantum, 
LVBECA, 1475. 150 

Lubeca. (Lubiecz) 1592. ISO 

Luben, see liiUman, 
LulnaDB, see Labaaan. 
Lutriecz, see Lubeca. 
LubiDum, 1601. 150 

LubUnum, 1547. 150 

LVCA, 1477. 150 

Lucanum, 1766. 151 

S. Lucar de Barranieda, tee Fanum 

Lucca, tee Luca. 

Lucerna Helvetionim, 1528. 151 
Lucifer! Fanum, see Faxum Lud- 

Lucknow, 1822. 151 

Luclavida, 1548. 151 

Lucronium, 1507- 151 

Lugano, see Lveanum. 

LVGDVNVM. 1473. 151 
Lugdunum BataTonim, aee Lada, 

Lugny, I6I7. 152 
Luklawice, see LucIooUm. 

Luudiuuni ScaDorum, 1676. 152 

LVNEBVRGVM. 1493. 153 

Luneville, 1749. 153 

Lupiee, 1669. 153 
Lutetia, see Parini. 
Luteva, see Lodooa. 

Lutrimpum, 1584. 153 

LuxembuTgum, 1578. 153 

Luyck, 1670. 153 
Lwow, see LeopoUt. 

Lycium, 1634. 153 

Lynchburg, 1810. 153 
Lyons, see Lugdunum. 


Macabebe, 1621. 153 

Macao, 1590. 154 

Macerata, 1575. 156 

Maclorium, 1609. 156 
May on, see Matiico. 

Madras, 1772. 156 

MADRITVM, 1499. 15? 
Maestricbt, see TVar'ecfum ad Mo- 

MAGDEBVRGVM, 1483. 15? 
Maill^ see MaUiaeum. 
Maillzais, aee MiUtiaaim. 
Majorca, see Palma Balearmm. 

Mdabar, 1577- 15? 

Malaca, (Malaga) 1599. 157 

Malacca, I8I6. 157 
Malborow, see Marpurgum. 

Malda, 1780. 169 
Malines, see MechUnia. 

MaUiaeum, 1616. 159 
Mallorca, see Pabna Balearium 

Malraogia, (Malmoe) 1528. 169 
St. Maloes, see Maclw'aim. 

Malta, 1647. 160 

Mancuaium, 1732. 160 

Manfredonis. 1680. 160 

Manbemiuin, 1738. 160 

ManUla, 1690. 160 

Manresa, 1788. 161 

MANTVA. 1472. 161 

MantHa CarpelanoniR), 1668. 162 

Maquasae, 1826. 162 

Maracaibo, 1824. 162 




MarbuTgum, we Marjmrgwn. 

Met*. see Wete. 



Mexico. 1549. 



Micro-Praga, 1549. 



Middtebutg, see Mti&olntrgutii. 

Marhanna, bm CAewoan. 

Middlehill, 1824. 


St. Maria Mayor. 1787. 


St. Mihid, 1620. 


Marienbom, 1744. 


Marienburg, 1744. 
MarienthaC Marihauasen 


Militello, 1617. 


see yat- 

Mindelbemium, 1518. 


At S. Marie. 

Minda, 1542. 


Harieawerder, 1781. 


Mindona, 1550. 


Marietta, I7d9. 


Mtndonedo, see MMona. 

Marinum, 1777. 


MinuiduJa. 1519. 


Marpurfnim, 1527. 



Marwnlles, aee MauHia, 







MissoloDghi, 1824. 



Mittaria, 1774. 


MartiBburguin, see Karpurgum. 

Modena, seeJIfMfiM. 

Maua. 167». 


MOGVNTIA. 1457. 


Mawilia, 1594. 


Mohilow, 1617- 


MATISCO, 1493. 


MoUdbc 1644. 


Matritum, see Madriium. 


Mauriana, 1704. 


Mompelgartum. ace Jfow 


Mayence, tee Moguntia. 


Mazsarino. 1690. 




Meauic, aee MeW«. 

Monaco. 15H6. 


Meohlinia, 1582. 




Medica, 1575. 


Monasterium Casinas, see Coma*, 

Medioa, see Methfinna. 

et sic de cwteria. 

Medina de RioKco, see 


Mondonedo, see Mindaaa. 

Mediobui^m, 1582. 
MedioDMttrioea, see Afebe. 
Meditemnean, 1812. 
Meissen, see Mutna. 
Mekelbou^, 1688. 
Meldtt, 1522. 
Meldorpium, 1788. 
St.Me&ehauld, 1722. 
Mentz, see Mogwttia. 
Merida, see EmerUa. 
Mersberg, see Marripolii. 
MessaloDge, see MiMtolongbi. 
MESSANA. 1473. 
Mets, 1501. 

•Ai. 1558. 

Metina, see Methfmna Caa^. 

Mondovi, see Moat RegaUt. 
I»a Monreale, see Moiu RegaUt. 

165 Mons, see Monta. 
Albanua. 163?. 

166 A^us. 1785. 

Belligardus, 1588. 

166 Fttlisciis, 1727. 

167 Monachoniin. 

167 Peaaiilanus, 1650. 

167 Regttlis.(Monreale) 1651.17! 

167 MONS REGALIS, 1472. 

REGIVS, (Monterey) 14iH. 

Mons Regius. 1651. 180 

Montai^s, see Afonf Argittta, 

167 Montauban, see Mont jfllxmtu. 

168 MoQtbelliard, see Mom BeU^ardiu. 
168 Montbrillant, 1743. 180 
168 Moate Cassino, see Camat. 

— — Cbiaro, see Ctanu M<mt. 


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Monte Fiascone, see Mont FaUicm. 
— ■ Rey, see Mom regiua. 

Montego bay, 1775. ISO 
MoDtereau, tee Moni Regab, 

MoDtea,1540> 180 

Montendeo, 1807, 180 

Montilla, 1627. 181 

TERIVM, 1499. 181 
Moatpelier, Me Mimt Peuulanm. 
Montreal, aee Mont RegaUg. 

(America) 1775. 181 

Montrejao, see Moru Regalit. 

Montreuil, 1663. 182 

MoDtrouUes, 1698. 182 
MoDtaerrat, aee Montit Serrati 

Morges, see MorgiL 

Moreii, 1568. 182 

Morfaix, 1626. 182 

Moscua, 1553. 182 
Movea, see Eimeo. 
Houlios, see MobiM. 

Moulsey. 184 

MulbuRium, 1561. 185 
Munich, see Monachium. 
Munster, see Monasierium. 

MVRCU, 1487. 185 

MussipoDtum, 1596. 185 

MVTINA. 1475. 185 

Mytbig, 1718. 185 

Nagera, see Naxara. 

Nagercoil, 1827. 186 

Jia^ SKombar. 1672. 186 
Naiara, see Naxara. 

Nalthitcberao, 1821. 186 

Namurcum, 1639. 186 

Nanceium, 1510. 186 

NaDcianum, 1620. 186 

Nangasaqui, 1592. 186 
Nan -king, see Nancianum. 

NANNETES, 1493. 187 
Nanquiniim, see ATanctanHni. 
Naples, see Net^Us. 

Narra, I7OI. 187 

Nassau, (America) 187 

Natcbei, 1810. 187 

Nauplia, 1824. 188 

Naupotamos, 1722. 188 

Naxara, 1615. 188 

NEAPOUS, 1471. 188 
Neapolis Nemetum, 1579. 188 
Nedelicz. 188 
Neisse, see Niita. 
Nellore. IS9 
Neniuusum, 1606. 189 
Neoboleslavia, 1518. 189 
Neobrandenburgum, 1741. 189 
Neoburgum, (Neuburg) 1545. 189 
Neobu^m, (Nyborg) 1707. 189 
Neocomum, 1533. 190 
Neomagus, 1652. 191 
Neostadium. 1571. 191 
in Palatinatu, Neosta- 

dium ad Hartam, see Neapolu 


Neoweda. 1790. 191 

NeozoUum, 1790. 191 

Nerolinga, 1525. 191 

Nesvitz, 1562. 191 
Neuburg, see Neoburgum. 
Neucbatel, see Neocomum. 
Ne?ers, see Nivenutm. 

Neubusium, 1690. 192 
Neuaol, see NeotoUum. 
Neustadi, see Neoiladjum. 
Neustadt-an-der-Hart, aee Ntapo- 

Ut Nemetum. 
Neuwied, see Neoweda. 

Newark, (America) 1795. 192 

Newbem, 1754. 192 
New Brandenburg, see NeobroR- 


Newbury-port. 1773. 192 

Newca«lle-on-Tyne, 1639. 192 

Kewhavea, 1754. 192 
Newbausel, see NeoxoUum. 

New LexingUn, 1815. 193 

NewLondoD, 1710. 193 

New Orleans, 1803. 193 
Newport, (Rfaodelaland) 1732. 193 

New York, 1693. 194 

Nicasa, 1666. 194 
S. Nicolai de Portu ^ 

Pagtw. f-lSlS, 194 
Nicolasbourg. J 

S.Nicbolas, 1825. I94 

Nidrosia, about 1560. 194 
Nienhus, see Neuhiuimn. 

Niesriecium, 1562. I94 
Nimt^en, see Nooiamagitm. 


884 I 

N D E X. 

WortuiD, 1594. 


OlmutB, see OtoMttcttm. 



NiBsa Silwiorum, 1612. 


NireUes, tee NicigeUa. 

Olyssipo, see Ulympo, 

Niremura. 1592. 


NingelU, 1780. 


Onate, see Ognata. 

Nizza, see Nkaa. 

Onoldium. 1607. 




Qotmoraen, see Otmanum. 

Nwdhu.8. 1703. 


Oporto, Me Porhu Lv$iUnaa. 

Nordlingen, see NeroUaga. 



Nordovicum, 1568. 


Opaloe, see Atuloga. 



Orange, see Arauiio. 

NorthamptOD, 1803. 


Orbiiellum, 1667. 


Norwich, lee Nordoeicum. 1547. 


Norwich, (America) 1773. 


St. Oreste, see Afoni FiiSMcut. 

Nottingham. 1714. 



Nom IdsuIb, 1541. 




Oringa. 1693. 
Oriofa. 1602. 


Novaria. 1533. 



NOVI, 1479. 


OHeans see Aurelia. 

NovioduDum, 1746. 


St. Oreo, see Viemtia. 



Ortesium, 1585. 


NoTOBtAdium, see Neoitadwm. 

Onhes, see Orlenum. 

Novim Caatnim. 




Noyon, see Nooiodumtm. 

NOZANVM, 1491. 


Or»ieto, see I7r4t Vebu. 

Nuita, 1736. 


Osca, 1576. 



Osma, see Oxoma. 

Nuremberg, see Normberga. 

Osmiana, 1615. 


Nuten. 1772. 




Nyborg, see Neoburgiim. 

Nycopia. 1645. 


OsBuna, see Vno. 

NyoD, 1783. 




Ostrt^a, > 1580. 


Ober-Ursel, see VneUa. 


Odensee, see Othonia. 

Otaheite, see ToAiti. 

Odessa, 1825. 


Othonia, 1^8. 


Odrig, 1688. 


Otmaraim, 1647- 


Oedenburg, see Sopronium. 

Ottembura, see OUiiipurra, 

Oehringa, see Orutga. 

Otthinium, see Othonia. 

OeUns, Oels. !530. 


Ottinpu^^^ 1509. 


Oenipons, 1592. 


OettlJDgea, see Ettelmga. 



Offeo, see Buda. 

Offenbacum, 1609. 


Oudewater. 1669. 






OUeoburgum, 1665. 



OXONIA, 1468 or 1478. 


Olita, see OSna. 


01i». 1647. 






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Padetioiiia, 1600. SH 

SSn '"'"■'■'""■ 

PalffiopoliHAduabcoruin, 160S. S14 
PaUeopniga, see Praga. 

Palentia, 1572- 2H 
Pdermo, lee PANORUUM. 

Falroa, 1814. 215 

Palma Balearium, 1540. 215 

PdmoDium. 1567. 215 

Palmyra, 1755. 215 

Paltheniorum Officina. 215 

Polum, 1552. 215 
PAMPELVNA. 1489,or 1495. 216 

I^nama, 1824. 216 

PanioTicia, 1608. 216 

PANORMVM, 1477. 216 

PapeDhemiuin, 1786. 216 

PAFIA, 1471. 216 

Paniniaribo, 1826. 217 

PARISH, 1470. 217 

PARMA, 1472. 218 
Parthem^, lee NEAPOLIS. 

^".' ) see Pata„u,. 

Passay, 1780. 218 
Patskon, see Saros-patakm. 

PATAVIA, 1481. 21» 

PATAVIVM, 1472. 21ft 

Pateo, 1825. 21ft 

Fatnu, 1828. 219 
Pau, see Palum. 
PsTJa, see Papia, 

St. Paul tTMs CbaUnx, see >tfK- 

giuia TricauioTvm. 

Pedepontium, 173ft. 219 

FekiD, 1603. 220 
Pelans, see Nova PtUita. 

Penang, 1825. 230 

Penig, 1804. 220 

Pera, see CoiutanHnopolU. 220 
PerigueuT, see Pelracora. 

Ptsmavia, 1698. 220 
Perouse, see Perutia. 
Perpignan, see Perpaiianum. 

PERPINIANVM, 1500. 221 
Perugia, see Perutia. 

PERVSIA, 1475. 221 
Pesaro, see P'aaunm. 
Pescia, see Pitaa. 

Pesclarium, 1560. 221 

Peeenacum, 1661. 221 

Festblnum, Pestum, 1763. 222 
St. Petersburg, see Petropalit. 
Pe»«on>, Ijj^ J2J 

Petroconum, i 

Petropolia, 1711. 222 

Pferda, we Birtum. 
Ffoerten, see Porta. 
Pfortzh^m, see Phorca. 
Phanum, see Fatium. 
Pheibia, see Plebitacium. 
Philadelphia, 1686. 224 

Philippine Islands, see Maeabebe, 

and Sainplai. 
PHORCA, 1500. 225 

I^acenza, see Placentia. 
Pisazoh, 1684. 225 

PICTAVIUM, 1479. 225 

St. Pierre, (Martinique) 1767. 225 
Piffnerol, see Pmarolium. 
PiWn, see Nova Pelxna. 
PINAROLIVM, 1479. 225 

PINCIA, see yaltitoletun. 
Pinczovia, 1559. 226 

Piobe de Sacco, see Ptebiiacium. 
PISA, 1483. 226 

Pisaurum, 1504. 226 

ISscense, we PaeKocani. 
PISCIA, 1485. 228 

I^storia, Pistoya, 1643. 226 

PLACENTIA. 1475. 226 

Fiacentia, (America) 227 

Plauen, see Plavia. 
Plavia, 1670. 22? 

PLEBISACIVM, (1472 or) 1475. 
Ploena. 1692. 227 

Plymouth, 1825. 22? 

Potaatec, 1552. 228 

Podium. 1628. 228 

Poitiers, see Pictavium. 
POLLIANVM RVS, 1476. 228 
Pompeiopolia, see Pampeluna. 
Pondicberry, 1784. 228 

Pons (Eoi, see OSniporu. 
PoDt'a-Mousson, \ see Muuipon- 

Moncionis, J turn. 

Fontids Monosterium, 1740. 228 
Popayan, 1824. 228 

Porentmi, see Bruntruivm. 
Porta, 1785. 229 


Pon au Prince, 1750. 238 

PORTESIVM, 1490. 229 

Portiani Castnim, 1743. 229 
Portici, 1 n _, ■ 

PORO, > •" '^»™""-- 

Porto, see Porbu. 

PortroyaL 229 
Pommouth. (Anwrica) 1756. 229 

Portua, 1«40. 229 
Fortucale, see Porhu Luntmua. 

Portua, 1601. 229 

Portua Ferrariiu. 229 

Portua Ltiaitaauc, 1612. 229 
PoaeD, see PotHonia. 

Poanania, 1579. 230 

Posoniuro, 1612. 230 

Potscbaei'. 1618. 230 

Potsdam, 1760. 230 

Potteodorf, 1668. 230 

Poughkeepaie, 1807. 230 
St. Pour^in, aee Portiani Cailrum. 

PRAGA, 1478. 230 

Pratum Albuini, 1535. 231 
Prenzlau, aee Prinutlaoia. 
Preabui^, see Potonium, 

Primislavia. 1747. 231 
Prince of Wales- ItUod, 1807- 231 

PROMENTOVR, 1482. 232 

Prostanaa, 1549. 232 

Pmstitium, 1603. 232 

Providence, 1762. 232 
Prorins, aee ProDmiiiii. 

PROVINVM, 1496. 232 
Psyra, aee Iptara. 

Puebla de Guadeloupe. 233 
Puebla de los Angeles, aee Angelo- 

Vvio Peoang, see Prince o/* WaM 

Puleoli, 1663. 233 
Puy, see Podium. 
Puy en Velsy, see Anidum, 
Puzzuolo, see PateoU. 

Quang-tcheou,r«71. 233 

Quebec 1764. 234 

Quedelinbui|;uin, 1632. 234 

Quern per, 

St. Quentin, 1627. 


QuerilUum, 1645. 

Quiera, see Clurwm. 

Quilemburg, see Culemburgwrn. 

Quimper-Corenlin, see Coriaopa- 

Quinque EcckaiK. 234 

Quitoa. 234 


Raab, see J 

Bacebui^m, 1670. 235 

Racholium, 1632. 235 

Rwxtvia, 1577. 235 

Ragland Castle, 1750. 235 

Radium, 1667. 236 

Raiz, aee Ratiatttm. 

RaLow, aee Racoeia. 

Rangoon, 1814. 236 

Ratiastum, aee Lemovveemt Co- 

RATISBONA, (aee ByetoptOis) 

Ratzebourg, see Racthurgitm. 
Ravenna, 1583. 237 

RaTenspurgnm, 1626. 237 

Reate, 1679. 237 

Recanetura, 1606. 237 

REENEN. 237 

R^nsbuT^, see Ratitbona, 
Re^io. see Re^m. 
Reginohradecium, 1618. 837 

R^omontum, see Moiu Rtgoa. 

REGIVM, 1475. 237 

Remi, 1557- 238 

Rennea, see RhedtnuM. 
Revalia, 1682. 239 

REVTLINGA, 1482. 839 

Reyes, Ciridad de los, aee iiaia. 
RHEDONES, 1484. 299 

Rheims, see Rend. 
Rhiogaria, see R^itaeia. 
Rhodopolis, see Rottodmm. 
Rhydychen, see Osama, 
Richdieu. chsteau de, 1640. 249 
Rieff, see Rica. 
Rieti, see Reate. 
Riga, 1638. 240 

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Rigiacum Atrebatium, see Atreba- 


Rignaria, 1577- 
RimiDi, see ^rinimum. 

Bio de Jao^ro, 1813. 240 
Kioseco, MediDade,seeit(tiu«Sicciw. 

Ripa, Ifi08. 241 

RivadeTrento, 1558. 241 

Rivua Siccus, 1616. 241 
Bocca, (la) see Lupia. 
Rocbelle, »ee Rupella. 

Bocheater, 1648. 241 
Rocbfort, see Jtupt/brtwm. 

Rochroaoow, 1619. 241 
Rodez, 3e« Ruthe/u. 
Boeraiood, aee Ruremonda. 

Bogensburg, 1735. 241 

Rohan, 1682. 241 

BOMA, 1467. 341 

Bonchum, 1677- 243 

BoBdHo, 1620. 243 

Bonneburgum. 1807- 243 

Bon (Jonas) 243 

Roschildia, 1534. 243 

Bosenu, (America) 1765. 243 

ROSTOCHIVM, 1476. 243 

RotenbuTgum, 1627. 244 

Roteindamum, 1589. 244 
ROTHOMAGVM. 1483 or 148?. 

Rotwila, 1606. 244 
Rouen, see Rothomagum. 
Rougemont, see lUibeut Mom. 

Rorareda, 1749. 245 

Rovetta, 1820. 245 
Rorigno, Rovigo, see Romlio. 

Rorilio, 1574. 245 
Ruah, see Eremiu. 

RVBBVS MONS, 1461. 245 
Rudolphipolia, l 
Rudolpfairerda. i 

Rudolphopolis, M666. 245 
Rudolphostadium, I 
Rudolstadium, J 

Ruicn, 1769. 245 

Rupella, 1564. 245 

Bupifortium, 1714. 246 

Ruremonda, 1620. 246 

Rutbeni, 1627. 246 


Ssardam, see Zamerdam. 


Sabioneta, 1551. 

Stens, see Senm. 


Safad, see Saphita. 

Saganum, 1629. 24? 

Sagium, 1731. 248 

Sshagun. 248 

Saint-Mand^, 1660. 248 

Sais, see Sagium. 

Salamanca, see Sabnanftcu, and 

VaUii Paradixi. 
Salem, 1768. 248 

Saleraum. 248 

Sdicetum, 1646. 249 

SalinK. 249 

Salingiacura, 1538. 249 

Ssliaburgum, 1620. 249 

Sallodium, 1517. 249 

SALMANTICA, 1481. 249 

Salmurium, 1582. 250 

Salo, see SaUodmm. 
Salonicbi, see T?iaialoniea. 
Salsette, see Raeholium. 
Saltzburg, see Saliiburgvm. 
Saluces, see Salvtia. 
SALVTL£, 1461. 250 

Saluzzo, see Sabttite. 
Samalcttlda, 1574. 251 

Samarobrina, see Jtnbiani. 
SamboT, see Sxamola^iin, 
Samielum, 1613. 25) 

Samoscium, see Zamotcium. 
Samplsi, or Sampaloc, 1736. 251 
Sancianum, 1700. 252 

Sanctandreana Officina. 252 

Sandomir, see Seiviimiria. 
Sancrdam, see Zamerdam. 
Sangeoigiana Officina. 252 

Santa Fi, see Bogota. 
Sanu Martha, 1824. 253 

Santa H&u^^ see Leucadta. 
Santangeliuni, 1664. 253 

Santiago, (Chili) 1825. 253 

Santiago de Galicie, see Con^xtf- 

Saphita, 1563. 263 

Sar^ossa, see Casar Augiata. 
SarepU, 1808. 253 



Saros-PaukoD, 1653. 


Samr, see Sabaria. 

Susans, 1640. 


Savannah, 1762. 


Saverne, see Tabtna. 



Savioneta, see Salioneta. 

SAVONA, 1474. 


Saroy, (the) before 1660. 


Scala Dei. 




Scapbusia, 15»2. 




ScbailTiausen, see Scapfiwia. 



Schelestadt, see SeUttadmm. 

Schemnitium, 17»6- 


Schletucadt, see Selatadwm. 






Schrattental, 1501. 


Schuol, 16S7. 


Scfaussenried, see Sortaue Mona- 



Schweidnitz, see Smidiiia. 

Schweria, see Sucrtmum. 

Scio. see C/doi. 

ScUvow, 1784. 


Scutari, see Ckryiopoiii. 

S. Sebasriani Fanum, 1674- 


oecerw, see (^cccrnfl. 

Sedanum, 15S». 


Sedinum, tee Steiimm, 

Sets, Me &igiwi. 

Segobia, seeSeyoew. 



SegoniU, 1575. 


Seaovia. 1588. 


Selles, Me (itte. 

Sena Galliea. KM. 


SENA 1479. 


SenapanMwrce, Me Pnicmida. 
Sendomiria, before 1740. 258 

Seoogaltia, see Saut Galliem. 


Serampore, 1800. 858 

Serezaaa, 1607. !W3 

SerraTaUis, 1604. S«3 

Senesia, 1583. 2C3 

Sessa, see Suetta. 

. V see S(rtobru. 




Sevenber^eo. 1683. 

Seville, see Hiipaiit. 

Sezza, see SitetHi. 

Sgravenhage, see Haga. 

(ihawnee-town, 1828. 

Shelburne, 1783. 

Siegen, see Sigeaa. 

Sienna, see Sens. 

Sigena, 1596. 

Sigeth, see Sdgetwir. 

Siguenza, see Segontia. 

Sifusia. see Sdtktitit»ga. 

Sii^pore, 1823. K4 

SinigagUa, see Sena Galliea. 

Skalholt, 1685. 364 

Skara, see Scara. 

SLESVICVM, 1486. 8«& 

Sloranka, 1766. 265 

Slorita. S«5 

Souske, -) 

Sluckum, M674. 26S 

Slucze, j 

Sraalcalda, se« SamaicaUa. 

Smynia, 1658. S6i 

Snagof, 1701. 26< 

Solcovia, 1692. S6» 

Soleure, 1712- 2M 
SolingeD, see SaUMgiacum. 

Solubacum, 165?. SW 
Solin, see Solna, 

Soloa, 1703. X«6 


SoQderahiua, 1697. M7 

Soproiiium, 1627- K7 

Son, 1627. »7 

SORA, SORIA, 1485. 2VJ 
Sorethum, see SorUnte MomatL 
Soria, see Coria. 

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Soroe, see Sora. 


147». 368 

Soteropolis, 1613. 268 

Southwarb, 1514. 2fi8 

Spa, 1789. 969 
^ina Nemttum, 1595. 

SPIBA, 1471. 869 

Spoletum, 1672. 269 

Subite. 1656. 369 
Stada, see Slatio. 
Stambul, see Constantini^tolU. 

Stargardia, 1777- 267 

Sutio, 1661. 269 

Steinavia, 1662. 269 

Steinberg, 1522. 270 

before 1500. 270 

SteinfuTtttai, 1604. 270 

Stekelburk, 1519. 270 

Stella Navarrorum, 1541. 271 
Stenbro', ue Harg. 

StCDdalia, 1671. 271 
Stenerorditim, see Stein^tttm. 

Stetioum, 1579. 371 

Stirling, 1571- 371 
Slockbolmia, tee Hobaia, 

Stoer, (Jac.) 271 

Stolpa, 1675. 272 

Straleiundia, 1645. 272 
Straaburg, see Argentimi. 

StniubingB, 1631. 373 

Strawberry HUl, 175S. 272 

Sti^a Sileiionim, 1715. 272 

Strengnesia, 1623. 273 

Striatioa, 1604. 272 
Strireling, see Stirling. 
Stuhlweissenburg, see Alba Caro' 

Ima, and Alha RegaUt. 

StutgartJia, before 1522. 273 
Subdinnitm, see Cenomani. 

VM, 1465. 273 

Sudercopia, I ,,,, 

SaderkdpiDg,/""'- ^^* 

Suerinum, 1789. 274 

Suewa. 274 

Sully, 1630. 274 
Sulzbach, ae« Soiitbacum. 

Suobaciun, 1689. 274 
SuoUa, aee ZawUc. 

EX. 368 

Sopraslium, Suprasaum, about 

1700. 274 

Sural, 1820. 274 

Susatum, 1721- 375 

SuTJdnia. 1683. 375 

SwinfurtumadMeenum.1605. 375 

Sydney, 1795. 275 
Sylva Duels, see Buitvm Ducis. 
Synaguphu, see Snagof. 

Syracuse, 1830. 375 

Szaraotulium, 1558. 276 

Szigetvar, 1541. 276 
Szoa)baT,.see Nagf Sxombar. 
Szombatel, see SabarUt. 


Tabema, 1792. 27< 

Taga, (perhaps Tacha, Tacbau,) 

1696. 277 

Tahiti, 1818. 277 
Takagus, gee TtKoatm. 
Tallinnaa, see Ree<Uia. 

Taoacarivou, 1835. 377 

Tanjore, 1810. 277 

TARACO, 1499. 378 
Tarragona, see Tarato- 

TARRAZONA, 1488. 378 
Tarstu, see Tergtte. 

TARVISIVM, 1471. 279 

Tavistock, 1525. 379 

TAVRINVM, 1474. 981 

Taunim, 1630. 381 

Tayabas, 1703. 381 

Teate, 1601. 381 

Tebriz, 1822. 881 
Teflis, see Tlftif. 

Tet^eraseense Monait. 1733. 382 

Telo Martina, 1704. 282 

Tergeste, 1629. 382 

Tergorista, 1710. 383 
Tergow, see Gmtda. 
Temi, see Interamum. 
Tertona, see Dertona. 

Testaria, 1711. 283 
Teutoburgum, see DsMurgwn. 
THESSALONICA, ( 1 47»or) 1 51 5. 

Thiela, 1658. 283 

Thien^, 1560. 284 

Thiemum. 384 


890 I N D 

THOLOSA. 1479. StM 

Thorn, see Tuntnmm. 
lIciDuni, Me Piq>ia. 
Tifernum, 1539. 284 

IWlis. 1711. 284 

TigernuDi, tee Tfaerium. 
Tigunim, 1521. 285 

Tiktin, 1717. 285 

Tila, Tillutu, see Thiela. 
Tiphemuin, »ee Tifermtm. 
Tirasso, Me Tarmoita. 
Tii|;owischt, Me Tergomta. 
Tirnau, ue Tynuwia. 
Tlucala, 1650. 285 

Todi, 1655. 285 

Tokia, orTokoesi, Me TbfiitMiiiii. 
Toledo, see Toletum. 
TOLETVM. 1486. 286 

TOLOSA, (Spun) 1488. 386 

Tolosa Palladia, aee Thoioto. 
Tongeren, see PaUeopoH*. 
Tongerloa, I71M. 287 

Tongres, see Paiaopoha. 
Toquinum, 1596. 287 

Toigaritt, 1697. 288 

Tornacum, 1557. 288 

Tore, see Tanrum. 
Totpatum, Me Dorjiatum. 
Tortoaa, Me Dtrttma. 
Tortosa, aee Derlosa. 
Toninium. 1668-70. 288 

Toscolano, Me Tutculanum. 
Toul, see TuUum. 
Toulon, see Tela Martm. 
ToulouM, Me Tholota. 
TouKwing, 1753. 288 

Touraaj, Me Tomaetan. 
Touts, see Tyrone*. 
Tr^jectum Inferius, see Traiectum 

ad Rheitum. 
Tr^ectum ad Moaun, 1685. 288 

1473. 289 

Trajectum ad Viadruni, see R-onco- 

Trajectum Superiui, see Tnyedum 

ad Motam. 
Trani, see Tranum. 
Tranquebaria, 1712. 289 

Traoutn, 1617- 290 

Tn^ani, 1707. 890 

TREBIA, 1470. 290 

Trebotea. 291 1483. 291 

Tr^uier, see Laatr^venm. 

Tremonia, 1545. 291 

Trent, see TVtdentiiiR. 

Tre?eGC«, 1791. 291 

Treves, see TVectri. 

TiOTiri, 1583. 292 

Treriso, see TarviaMn. 

Trerium, Trevi, see Trehia. 

Trevoltium.1 gg g^ 

Trevoux, J 

Tricasses, see Trent. 

TRIDENTVM, 1476. 293 

Tridinum, 1508. 293 

Triers, aee 7>«riH. 

Trieste, aee Tergate. 

Trigueros, 1636. 2S3 

Trino, see Tridmvtn. 

Trisinga, 1775. 293 

Troca, Troki, see Troyga. 

St. Trond. 294 

Troyes, see Treat. 

TROYGA, 1497. 294 

Tniiillo. 294 

TVBINGA, 1498. 294 

Tudela, see Tutela. 

TugenusPagus-l J3P 

Tugium, i 

Tulle, aee TuUla. 

Tullum, 1505. 295 

Turiaso, see Tarrazima. 

Turicuro, Turigum, see TlgnnoK. 

Turin, Me rauriniiiR. 

Tumonium, 1564. 295 

TVRONES, 1496. 295 

Turrelacum, 1512. 295 

Tumsa, 1685. 295 

TVSCVLANVM, 1479. 295 

Tutela. 1572- 296 

Tjmavu, 1626. 896 

Tzchemigor, see Tzernogama. 

Tzenna, see Zinna. 

TZERNOGAVIA. 1492. 296 

VADSTENA, 1491. 2»« 

Vadum laidia, see Onma. 
Valencens, Valendennei, aee Fa- 


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Valentia, ViOeaoe, (France) 1603. 

VALENTIA, (Spain) 1474. 297 

Valentinianie, 160S. 296 
Valtodolid, see Falluoletam. 

Vallis Paradisi, 1603. 298 
VALLIS S. MARI£. 1474. 298 

Vallia Trotnpia, sc« Collet f. Tr. 

VaUisUn)broiia,15II. 298 

Vallis Voaagica, 1507. 298 

VALLISOLETVM. 1493. "299 
Vall'ombroaa, see ValUt XJinbrota. 
Valparaiso, see foUti ParaduL 
Vannes, Me Feneti. 

Varadinum, XVIth cent. 299 

Varallum, 1604. 299 
Varhely, see Vaiarhely. 

VaissTia, Vanovia, 1578- 399 

Vasarbely, 1793. 300 

Vasatum, 1530. 300 

Vaugirard. 300 
St. Ubes, see SittobrU. 

Uclesium. Uclea, 1624. 300 
Udina, see Vtiawm. 
Veimaiia, see Vinaria. 

Veldkircfaiuni, 1655. 300 

Velitra, VeUetri, 1644. 300 
Venddnie, see VmdQaman. 

Veneti, (Vannes) 1678. 300 

VENETLffi. 1469. 301 

Veperv, 1772. 303 

Vera Cruz, 1826. 304 

VERCELL*. 1485. 304 
VerduD, see FeTodunvm. 

Verets, 1735. 304 
Verlaaga, see Berlanga. 

Verodunum, 1583. 304 

VERONA, 1470. 305 

Verrieres, 1828. 307 

Vesalia Clivorum, 1543. 30? 
VesoDtio, see Biiutitia. 

Vesullura. Vesoul. 1779- 30? 
Vevay, see Fibiiau. 

Viana, 1619. 307 

Vibii Forum, 1684. 307 

VibiscuB, 1605. 307 

Viburgum, 1528. 307 
Vid, (la) see FitU Monatterium. 

VICENTIA, Vicenza, 1473. 308 

E X. agi 

Victor, (S.) 1549. 308 
Vicus ^ueniis, 1586. 308 
VIENNA AVSTRI^, 1482. 308 

Vienne, 1478. 309 

Vignon, (E.) 309 

Vigomia, 1548. 309 

Villa braxima. 309 

ViUafronca, 1671. 309 

Villagaida, 1761. 310 
Villa Manta, see Mantua Carpeta- 


nora In&ntium, 1628. 310 

Viridia, 1581. 310 

. Vitiosa, 1636. 310 

VUle&ancbe, see FiUqfranca. 

Vilna, 1517. 310 

Vinaria, 1701. 311 

Vincennea, 1755. 311 

St Vincent, (Spain) 1607- 311 

Vincentius. 311 

Vindesheraium, 1680. 311 
Vindinum, see Cenomanvm. 
Vindobona, see Fienna Aiutrue. 

Vindocinum, 1667. 311 
Vinisima, Vinsheira, see Fmtkthe- 

VigVERIA, 1486. 311 
Virdunum, see Ferodimum. 

Virmaranum. 31 1 
Vissum, Viseo, or Viseu, 1 57 1 ■ 31 1 

VisiDgia, 1667. 312 

Vismaria, 1696. 312 

Visolinam, 1588. 312 

Vitembe^a, 1503. 312 

VlTERBma, 1488. 313 

Vitis Monasterium, 1636. 313 
Vitodunira Helvetionim, 1789. 313 

Vitry-le-Fran^ais, 1759. 313 
Vitteburga, see FUemberga. 

Vittoria. 313 
Viviacum, see FibacMm. 

Vizagapatam, 1812. 314 

VLMA, 1473. 314 
Ultn^ectura, see TVajectum. 
Ultzen, see Ulguaa. 

UlysNea. 1575. 314 

Ulvsainga, 1630. 314 

VLYSSIPO, 1489. 314 

Uman, 1685. 314 

Vneuskoi Monaaterium, 1693. 31S 


United Sutes of AmericB, tnanj 

towns in. 315 

Voegd. 315 
Vogben, see Viqueria. 

VoUteme, Volterre. 1763. 316 
Voyge, Voyse, see foUit Fm^wo. 

Upialis. 1510. 316 
Unch, see Juraeum. 

Ursnibu^m, 1596. 318 

VntislBvia, 1503. 318 

URBINVM, 1481. 318 

Urbs retus, 1586. 319 
Urcesa, see Ucktmm. 

Unelks, 1558. 319 
8. Ursius, see fietmtia. 

Urso, UrMO. 1549. 319 

VTINVM, 1484. 319 

Utraria, Utrera, 1654. 319 

Utrecbt, see Trtfjectum ad RheH»m. 
Uttinpum, see Ottii^nnra. 
Vuonn&cium Vang;ianuai, 1514. 
Usunense Burgum, see Oxomo, 

WadBtena, Wadsteio, see Fad- 

Waldeaburs. 1713. 320 

Wales, 1734. 320 

Walpole. 1793. 320 

Wandesburgum, 1 , 
Wansbecum, J ^ 
Waradin, Wardein, see FarodtRiwi, 
Wareaw, see Vanavia. 
Waterford, 1555. 320 

Watertown. 322 

W^jow, see ffeti^roma. 
Weimar, see Fiaaria. 
Weissenburg, see Alba Julia. 
Weissenbu^um None. 1729. 323 
Weissenfels, see Leacopetra. 
Wengroria, 1570. 323 

Wesei, see Vetaiia. 
Wessenbrunn, see WenofonUamn. 
Weasofontanum Coenobium. 
Westena, see Anna. 
Westminster, (America) 1778.323 

Wibui]^ see V^mrgtm. 
Wien, see f'tenno. 
Wilhennsdorfl^ 1744. 326 

WiUiamsburg, 1682. 326 

Wilmeredorbum, 1569. 32« 

Wilmington, (Delaware) 1761.326 

(Caralioa) 1763. 326 

Wiloa. see fUw. 
WiDcheater, see Wintimia. 
Windshdra, see Vmd^h^mmm. 
Windsor. (America) 1783. ^7 
WINTERBERGA, 1484. 327 
Winter Usrbour, 1819. ^37 

Wioterthour, see V^odnrHm, 
Wintonia, 1545. 327 

Wiicebu^m, see Berbipotit. 
Wisbaden, 1821. 328 

Wisingsburg.! J. 
Wiaingsoe, J ^ 

Wismar, see Vamaria. 
Wittenibur^, see Fitemberga, 
Wolfenbuttel, see Guelpiierbf/him. 
Woodbridge, 1751. 328 

Worcester, see Vigonua. 

(America) 1775. 328 

Worms, aee Fuormaditm. 
Wscbowa, aee Erauttadium. 
Wurtzburg, see fferbipoUi. 
Wyaolyin, see fUolaittm. 


Wetzlar, aee Teiiaria. 

Yedo, 1785. 329 

York, see Eboracuot. 

(America) 329 

Ypres, see Iprr. 
Ysni, see /oui. 
Yrerdun, see Ebrodmuun. 

Zabern, see Tabenut. 
Zagrabia, 1743. 329 

Zamerdam, 1648. 329 

ZAMORA, 1482. 330 

Zamoscium, Zamotld, 1557. 330 
Zapetba, Zspetra, 1568. 330 

ZaiagosB, see Cuor Ai^u$ta. 
Zaslanuni, 1572. 330 

Zdtz, see Cita. 
Zell, aee Cdla. 

Zenna, see Zmna, 


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Zerbst, mc Serveita. 

Zeyma, 1605. 

Zierizea, 1615. 

ZiHy, 1791. 

Zimmennuinus M. 

ZINNA, 1492. 

Ziric Zee, Me Zteriiea. 

Zitia, lee Ciia. 

ZitUTia, 1586-7. ^ 

Znoima, Znajrm, Znoym, 1636. 

Zolloew, Me Solcocia. 

330 Zombor, see Nagy Szombar. 

331 Zug; lee T^gtum. 
331 ZuUichaTia, 

331 ZullichoTium,/ '^'*'' 

331 Zurich, aee TigaTvm. 
Zu^bania, Zutphen, 1611. 
Zweybnicken, see Bipontbim. 

332 Zwicinu, see Cygnea. 
Zwi&lda, Zwieblten, 1504. 
ZWOLL£, 1479. 

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