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Published by 

The Kentucky State Historical Society 

Copyright 1918 

By the Kentucky State Historical Society 

All rights reserve 



Printed by The State Journal Company 

Frankfort, Kentucky 

Printers to Commonwealth of Kentucky 


In this astonishing array of men and women from 
Augusta county, Virginia, the author has given from 
his collections names of the period, 1735-1815, which 
are not found in the index of the "Descriptive List 
of the Manuscript Collection of the State Historical 
Society of Wisconsin," containing the Draper col- 
lections, valued at several hundred thousands of dol- 
lars. The Draper collections extend over the years, 
1735-1815, and the field east of the Mississippi, with 
some trans-Mississippi material, such as that on the 
Lewis and Clark expedition. The writer of this 
study has investigated others after 1815 all over 
the United States, whom he shows. He has also as- 
certained the origin of literary people of southern 
antecedents whose names are not furnished by 
Lucian Lamar Knight's biographical dictionary in 
the "Library of Southern Literature." The author 
indicates for the first time in print the fountain 
head of many great Americans. There are here 
hundreds of names not in the two histories of Au- 
gusta county by two talented sons of Virginia, 
Joseph A. Waddell and John Lewis Peyton. 

He intimates he may have missed some who 
should appear, but no history is ever complete. To 
represent positively that all of the various cate- 
gories below have been included would require a 


knowledge of the ancestries in all lines of all 
Americans from the date of the founding of 
Augusta county to the present. 

Unexplored Kentucky was once a part of Augusta 

The names are arranged alphabetically, thus 
saving an index. — Mrs. Jennie C. Morton, Regent 
of the Kentucky State Historical Society. 



BEING asked to write from my unpublished 
historical notes and collections relating to 
the history of the South and West — sections 
of the country heretofore neglected so much by in- 
vestigators — upon the "influence of Augusta county, 
Virginia, in the history of America," it is believed 
the title would be a better one if it were the "men 
and blood of Augusta county, Virginia, in the 
history of the United States." 

"When a historian saw the following, he exclaimed : 
"Is there any county in the United States or 
locality of equal population in the world, which has 
in so short a time produced so many famous states- 
men, soldiers and pioneers?" I am not prepared to 
go so far as he, but the exhibit is remarkable. 

There have been many unscientific generalizations 
upon ethnographic, geographic and political di- 
visions. Unfortunately, some American university 
professors and some American writers do not gather 
much new historical material. They vamp what has 
appeared in printed productions accessible to them. 
Roosevelt, who in his valuable "Winning of the 
West" in part covers the scope of this monograph, 
has to a great extent therein repeated secondary 

Therefore, if this lore be of any value to the 
historian, antiquarian or eugenist, it is pleasing, from 
what I happen to possess upon Augusta county, to 
designate some of the Augustans who resided within 


the limits of the old county previous to 1776 and 
descendants in one or more lines of these and others 
who have at some time been its countymen and 

The authorities for the listing of individuals are 
always statements by the persons themselves or by 
those claiming to be their kinsmen, or both this 
kindred and record evidence. There has been an 
endeavor to avoid errors. 

But in a close examination for a number of years 
of the ancestries of Americans in biographies and 
genealogies, I have been surprised at the number 
of misstatements discovered. It is amazing how 
many of our citizens would fail in a court of law to 
establish the marriage of their grandparents. Owing 
to the hundreds of pedigrees and Mss. collected and 
examined, there may be inaccuracies in this mono- 
graph. It would be more satisfactory to expand it 
with details into a large volume. 

Where conflict in recitals of the ancestry or resi- 
dence of a. person has been found, his name, without 
attempting to go into the evidence, is not contained 

•President Andrew Jackson's parents are said to have lived 
in Augusta county, by another published as having- lived in 
Frederick county, Virginia, and by still others published as 
having- landed at Charleston, South Carolina, and having 
moved to what is now Union county, North Carolina, where 
he was undoubtedly born, although claimed sometimes by 
South Carolinians as a native of South Carolina. 

There are assertions that President Andrew Johnson is 
of Augusta stock, but these are questioned. It is true he 
was collaterally related to a family by the name of Helvey, 
who lived in Wythe county, formerly a part of Augusta 

The published pedigrees of President James K. Polk make 
no reference to a residence of his ancestor, William Polk, 
in Augusta county. H. M. Williamson, who has made as 


I have positive declarations or belief expressed by 
antiquarians and historians that a number are of 
Augusta county origin. Because this information is 

thorough a study of Augusta county pedigrees as any one 
of the hundreds with whom I have corresponded, announces 
he will soon print facts tending' to establish the residence 
for a short time of William Polk in that county. If this be 
accomplished, not only President Polk, but among others, 
William Hawkins Polk, Minister to the Two Sicilies, Mem- 
ber of the United States House of Representatives from Ten- 
nessee, General William P. Hardeman, C. S. A., and General 
Lucius E. Polk, C. S. A., will be on an Augusta family tree. 

It has been widely published that Vice President Adlai 
Ewing Stevenson is of an Augusta county root through the 
Stevensons of the Pastures, Augusta and Rockbridge coun- 
ties. This has been contradicted — properly so. However, some 
of my letters show an Augusta county ascent claimed through 
another line for Vice President Stevenson and for James 
Stevenson Ewing, Minister to Belgium. 

The origin of the Oregon McBrides has been once pub- 
lished as in Kentucky and at other times as in North Caro- 
lina. It is quite probable that another article, attempting 
to prove their foundation in Augusta county, will soon ap- 
pear. Of this family there are James McBride, Minister to 
the Hawaiian Islands, George Wickliffe McBride, United 
States Senator from Oregon, and John R. McBride, Member 
of the United States House of Representatives from Oregon. 

The author of a proposed history of a Tennessee locality 
writes me that there will be published therein the statement 
that John H. Savage, Member of the United States House of 
Representatives from Tennessee, is of Augusta county de- 
scent through one line. This will be an error. 

It has been published and denied that the following are of 
Augusta county descent: Robert Trimble, Justice of the 
United States Supreme Court; William J. Bryan, Secretary 
of State; Thomas Ewing, Secretary of the Treasury, Secre- 
tary of the Interior, United States Senator from Ohio, pro- 
genitor of a celebrated line; General Lewis Wallace, Minis- 
ter to Turkey, Governor of New Mexico Territory; General 
Daniel W. Adams, C. S. A.; General Wirt Adams, C. S. A.; 
General Joseph E. Johnston, C. S. A.; Rear Admiral James 
Edward Jouett; General John S. Roane, C. S. A., Governor 
of Arkansas; Stephen A. Douglas, United States Senator from 
Illinois, Member of the United States House of Representa- 
tives from Illinois; Joseph Benson Foraker, United States 
Senator from Ohio, Governor of Ohio; William McKendree 
Gwin, United States Senator from California, Member 
of the United States House of Representatives from 
Mississippi; Marcus A. Hanna, United States Senator from 
Ohio; George S. Houston, United States Senator from Ala- 
bama, Governor of Alabama, Member of the United States 


not from the sources, as required above, they are 
omittecL* It is impossible in this space to present 
a critical estimate of this data. 

House of Representatives from Alabama; Hamilton R. Gam- 
ble, Governor of Missouri; John Jameson, Member of the 
United States House of Representatives from Missouri. 

I have a series of letters from a Presbyterian divine upon 
some of the descendants of Hugh Lawson, who seems to have 
been in Augusta county for a short time. There are so many 
contradictions in these, I have decided to omit the names 
of several claimed sometimes to be his descendants. Similar 
utterances from a relative of James D. Williams, Governor 
of Indiana, both affirm and deny for the latter an Augusta 
county grandparent. 

The exclusions under this paragraph are not those con- 
flicts in recitals of ancestry from allegations of illegitimate 
descent. The toilsome endeavors both in print and Mss. to 
show in various ways the illegitimate origin of a deceased 
President of the United States, credited by legitimate birth 
and also by one of the illegitimate lines, to Augusta county, 
and also the attempt to show a resident of Augusta county 
to have been the son of an early President, one of the world's 
most illustrious, are shameless. Not any good has been done 
nor has any satisfactory proof resulted from this kind of a 
perversion of historical research. 

,k ¥Among those are: William Burnham Woods, Justice of 
the United States Supreme Court, General Officer (supposedly 
from Woods); John Hay, Secretary of State, Ambassador to 
Great Britain (from Coulter); General Eli Bowyer (from 
Bowyer); General Ambrose E. Burnside, United States Sen- 
ator from Rhode Island, Governor of Rhode Island (from 
Burnside); General Thomas Duncan (from Duncan); General 
George L. Gillespie (from Gillespie); General John Porter 
McCown, C. S. A. (from McCown); General James Stewart 
Martin (from Martin); General Thomas Armstrong Morris 
(from Morris); General Charles R. Woods (from Woods); Don- 
elson Caffery, United States Senator from Louisiana (from 
Caffery); Solomon W. Downs, United States Senator from 
Louisiana (from Downs); Job A. Cooper, Governor of Colo- 
rado (from Hadley); Joseph Duncan, Governor of Illinois, 
Member of the United States House of Representatives from 
Illinois (from Duncan); Daniel Lindsay Russell, Governor of 
North Carolina (from Russell); Linn Boyd, Member of the 
United States House of Representatives from Kentucky, 
Speaker of the House of Representatives (from Boyd); John 
P. Campbell, Member of the United States House of Repre- 
sentatives from Kentucky (from Poage); William W. Irvin, 
Member of the United States House of Representatives from 
Ohio (from Irvin); John Kincaid, Member of the United 
States House of Representatives from Kentucky (from Kin- 
caid); General Samuel Whiteside, pioneer, in honor of whom 
Whiteside County, Illinois, is named (from Whiteside); Josiah 


There are others upon which there are notes which 
point to an Augusta county beginning. Having no 
conclusive proofs that these are of Augusta county 
lineage, they are not entered upon Augusta county's 
long roll of honor. Although this memoranda may 
be as interesting to the student as any as may be 
found in the collections, in order to prevent the ac- 
cumulation of errors — already too many before 
readers — and more confusion, it is not recorded. 

An object has been to include only those who 
resided before 1776 within Augusta county's con- 
fines as they then stood and those who trace to one 
who was at some time a resident of what at the time 
of this residence was within the then Augusta 
county's limits. If the ancestor did not become 
domiciled in some county carved from Augusta 
county until the new county's organization, the 
descendant is excluded.* 

W T ilbarger, pioneer, in honor of whom Wilbarger County, 
Texas, is named (from mother). 

Correspondence with relatives of the foregoing has not 
elicited much new material. 

There is among my papers a statement by a member of 
the Augusta-Rockbridge family of Houston that David F. 
Houston, Secretary of Agriculture, is of this family. The 
Secretary writes me: "I regret to say that I have never un- 
dertaken to trace my family definitely back to its beginning 
in this country. I know that the original settlers went 
through Virginia, but where their stopping places were I 
cannot at this time say." 

I have the suggestion of one who has prepared a Caldwell 
genealogy that some of the early Caldwells of Charlotte 
county, Virginia, who have several of note in the family, 
may have lived for a time in Augusta county. Similarly, 
another Caldwell family or a branch of the same Caldwells, 
with at least one member of distinction, it has been suggested 
from what I have, may have been originally seated in Au- 
gusta county. 

*Therefore, those descending from the following who went 
to Southwest Virginia the year succeeding that section's 
withdrawal from Augusta county's jurisdiction, and those 
from other following little known later settlers to the south 


Because of persons' inaccuracies in dates and 
ignorance of local geography, this has been difficult. 
Out of more than 800 names exhibited, there is only 
the family statement and either incomplete or no 
conclusive contemporary evidence in my posses- 
sion — I compile only from my papers — in the cases 
of about twenty men and women here set forth, 

of the present Augusta county, some of whom are not men- 
tioned in Summer's "History of Southwest Virginia," are not 
catalogued, unless it is recognized they have an Augusta 
county derivation through some other ascendant. 

Among these colonists are: Durst Ammen, from whom are 
General Jacob Ammen, General Richard T. Yeatman and 
Rear Admiral Daniel Ammen; Dr. John Apperson, from whom 
is the wife of George Hearst, United States Senator from 
California; "Trooper" James Armstrong, from whom are 
Leroy Percy, United States Senator from Mississippi, Gen- 
eral Francis C. Armstrong, C. S. A., Medical Director Wil- 
liam Taliaferro Hord, General Robert Armstrong, pioneer, 
brigadier-general commanding at Wahoo Swamp, bearer of 
the treaty settling the northwestern boundary and confiden- 
tial adviser of President James K. Polk; Major Francis W. 
Armstrong, pioneer, United States marshal of Alabama, and 
Major William Armstrong, pioneer, United States Indian 
agent; William Cocke, United States Senator from Tennessee, 
pioneer, United States Indian agent for the Chickasaw Na- 
tion, in honor of whom Cocke county, Tennessee, is named, 
from whom are Luke .Liea, United States Senator from Ten- 
nessee, John Cocke, Member of the United States House of 
Representatives, pioneer, colonel of Tennessee riflemen at 
New Orleans, and major-general of Tennessee volunteers in 
the Creek war, and William M. Cocke, Member of the United 
States House of Representatives from Tennessee; Joseph Cul- 
bertson, from whom is Charles Culberson, United States 
Senator from Texas, uovernor of Texas; Colonel John Floyd, 
pioneer, surveyor of 1774 in Kentucky, founder of Floyd's first 
station, at what is now the corner of Third street and the 
Ohio River, Louisville, founder of Floyd's station on Bear 
Grass, member of the assembly organizing the government of 
Transylvania and associate of the Boones and Clark, as hand- 
some as he was brave, killed by the Inuians, in honor of 
whom Floyd county, Indiana, and Floyd county, Kentucky, 
are named; John Greenup, father of Ciiristopher Greenup, 
Governor of Kentucky, Member of the United States House 
of Representatives from Kentucky; John McComas, from 
whom is William McComas, Member of the United States 
House of Representatives from Virginia; Colonel Evan Shel- 
by, pioneer, from whom are General Isaac Shelby, Secretary 
of War, Governor of Kentucky, and the wives of James Shan- 
non, Minister to Central America, and Beriah Magoffin, Gov- 


many of them not conspicuous, that their stirps were 
inhabitants of Augusta county proper. 

There is doubt when this is not offered. But it 
is certain at least the former had antecedents in 
another newer county which had been partitioned a 
few years before from Augusta county, who were, 
generally speaking, of the same historical type and 
characteristics as those who may have been earlier 
immigrants to Augusta county's original territory. 

It would not be easy, if possible, to extend in- 
vestigations in some of these instances. The records 
relating to Augusta county are in some respects 
not as complete as some other Virginia counties. 
There are Virginia frontier families, to say noth- 
ing of individuals' names, whose cognomens are 
nowhere in Augusta county official archives or 
private documents. To learn the dates of the move- 
ments of people at the, at that time, far West, a 
century and a quarter to a century and three-quar- 
ters ago, has great obstacles. 

Although the subject of my research, the results 
of which may be published later, celebrities, the 
praepositus of any one of whom was in either the 
present Orange or Frederick counties, Virginia, 
are of course omitted. Augusta county was a part 
of Orange county until the former was legislated 

ernor of Kentucky (Note— The Shelbys and others were con- 
sidered as living in what was believed to be Virginia, but 
afterwards surveys placed this habitation south of the Vir- 
ginia State line); Colonel John Todd, pioneer, first county 
lieutenant of the county of Illinois, killed at the Blue Licks, 
in honor of whom Todd county, Illinois, and Todd county, 
Kentucky, are named, father of the wife of Robert J. Wick- 
liffe, Minister to Sardinia; Peter Turney, from whom are 
Hopkins Lacy Turney, United States Senator from Tennessee, 
Member of the United States House of Representatives from 
Tennessee, and Peter Turney, Governor of Tennesse. 


into existence in 1738, being organized in 1745. 
Frederick comity was also a portion of Orange 
county until the former date. 

Those who lived before 1776 or have had their 
source in the large District of West Augusta, ex- 
cepting those of this who are of families of the 
adjoining county of Harrison, West Virginia, are for 
the present not used. 

Some of eastern Virginia, who owned real prop- 
erty in Augusta county, became the forefathers of 
notables. These progenitors were never properly 
residents of Augusta county. Their offspring are 
not here. 

Augusta county was at first large in area, but 
thinly populated. It has been the policy of the Vir- 
ginia legislature to equalize the populations of coun- 
ties, as these increased, by restricting their bounda- 
ries, and also to make the court houses accessible to 
all people. The western counties of Virginia were, 
as a rule, larger in area than the older counties of 
eastern Virginia. 

A commencement is made with him who is linked 
the culmination of the slavery struggle, after the 
French revolution one of the three most important 
episodes of history, and following with him of the 
third episode whose present vision in the universal 
war makes him the world statesman pre-eminent. 


Abraham Lincoln. 
Woodrow Wilson. 

Samuel Houston, President of the Republic of 


John Cabell Breckinridge. 
John Caldwell Calhoun. 


The following are Justices of the Supreme Court 
of the United States of America and a Justice of 
the Supreme Court of the Republic of Texas. There 
have also been a number of justices of the courts 
of final appeal in the states of the Union: 

John Catron. 

John McKinley. 

Anthony Bledsoe Shelby, Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the Republic of Texas. 


John Bell, Secretary of War. 

Montgomery Blair, Postmaster General. 

John Breckinridge, Attorney General. 

John Cabell Breckinridge, Secretary of War of 
the Confederate States (supra). 

John Caldwell Calhoun, Secretary of State, Sec- 
retary of War (supra). 

John G. Carlisle, Secretary of the Treasury. 

Samuel P. Carson, Secretary of State of the Re- 
public of Texas. 

Jacob McGavock Dickinson, Secretary of War. 

Richard G. Dunlap, Secretary of War of the Re- 
public of Texas. 

John B. Floyd, Secretary of War. 

David Rowland Francis, Secretary of the Interior. 

Nathan Goff, Jr., Secretary of the Navy. 

Felix Grundy, Attorney General. 

James Guthrie, Secretary of the Treasury. 


William H. Jack, Secretary of State of the Re- 
public of Texas. 

Robert T. Lincoln, Secretary of War. 
William G. McAdoo, Secretary of the Treasury. 
Alexander H. H. Stuart, Secretary of the Interior. 
William B. Preston, Secretary of the Navy. 
William L. Wilson, Postmaster General. 


Eben Alexander, Minister to Greece, Roumania 
and Servia. 

James G. Birney, Minister* to The Netherlands. 

Clifton R. Breckinridge, Minister to Russia. 

James Brown, Minister to France. 

Charles Page Bryan, Ambassador to Japan, Min- 
ister to Belgium, Minister to Brazil, Minister to 
China, Minister to Portugal, Minister to Switzer- 

Samuel P. Carson, Diplomatic Agent of the Re- 
public of Texas to the United States (supra). 

William R. Colhoun, Minister to France. 

Charles Denby, Minister to China. 

Andrew J. Donelson, Minister to Germany, Min- 
ister to Prussia, Minister to Texas. 

Richard G. Dunlap, Minister of the Republic of 
Texas to the United States (supra). 

William C. Dunlap, Minister of the Republic of 
Texas to Mexico. 

David Rowland Francis, Ambassador to Russia 

•James G. Birney was actually Minister Resident. The 
United States Government in earlier years denominated some 
of its chiefs of missions as commissioners, dragomans, con- 
suls-general, special agents and charges d'affaires. Biographi- 
cal collections and authors refer to these chiefs of missions 
as ministers. In this and several other instances the same 
usage is continued. 


James Hamilton, Diplomatic Agent of the Re- 
public of Texas in Europe. 

John Hays Hammond, Special Ambassador to the 
Crowning of King George V. of Great Britain. 

Charles Hance Lewis, Minister to Portugal. 

Robert T. Lincoln, Minister to Great Britian 

Robert B. McAfee, Minister to New Granada. 

Alexander K. McClung, Minister to Bolivia. 

Cyrus H. McCormick, Envoy Extraordinary on 
Special Mission to Russia. 

Robert S. McCormick, Ambassador to Austria- 
Hungary, Ambassador to France, Ambassador to 
Russia, Minister to Austria-Hungary. 

Humphrey Marshall, Minister to China. 

George T. Marye, Ambassador to Russia. 

Thomas A. R. Nelson, Minister to China. 

Balie Peyton, Minister to Chile. 

Francis W. Pickens, Minister to Russia. 

John T. Pickett, Commissioner of the Confederate 
States to Mexico. 

William Preston, Minister to Spain, Minister* of 
the Confederate States to Mexico. 

Ambrose H. Sevier, Minister to Mexico. 

Harvey McGee Watterson, Minister to the Argen- 
tine Republic. 

Henry Lane Wilson, Special Ambassador to the 
crowning of King Albert of Belgium, Ambassador 
to Mexico, Minister to Chile, Minister to Venezuela. 

James Wilson, Minister to Venezuela. 

E. Rumsey Wing, Minister to Ecuador. 

*The sole diplomatist of that rank created by the Confed- 
erate States Government. 



The following are general officers in the Con- 
tinental, United States, Confederate States and for- 
eign armies. General officers of volunteers and by 
brevet in the United States army are included. Un- 
less within the foregoing classes, there are here no 
general officers of militia or state troops : 

Andrew Jonathan Alexander. 

J. Patton Anderson, C. S. A. 

Matthew Arbuckle. 

John C. Bates. 

James Franklin Bell. 

David B. Birney. 

"William Birney. 

Charles "White Blair. 

Francis P. Blair, Jr. 

Jeremiah T. Boyle. 

John Cabell Breckinridge, C. S. A. (supra). 

Joseph C. Breckinridge. 

James P. Brownlow. 

John Buford. 

Napoleon B. Buford. 

Alexander W. Campbell, C. S. A. 

William B. Campbell. 

C. C. C. Carr. 

Christopher Carson. 

Thomas T. Crittenden. 

Robert Cunningham, British Army. 

Daniel S. Donelson, C. S. A. 

Henry C. Dunlap. 

James Dunlap. 

William McKee Dunn. 

John Edwards. 


Jesse J. Finley, C. S. A. 
John B. Floyd, C. S. A. (supra). 
Frederick Funston. 
Randall Lee Gibson, C. S. A. 
Samuel L. Glasgow. 
B. Frank Gordon, C. S. A. 
John B. Grayson, C. S. A. 
Martin D. Hardin, 2nd. 
Harry T. Hays, C. S. A. 
Samuel Houston, Texan Army (supra). 
Benjamin Howard. 
Felix Huston, Texan Army. 
John D. Imboden, C. S. A. 
Thomas J. ("Stonewall") Jackson, C. S. A. 
W. L. Jackson, C. S. A. 
Albert G. Jenkins, C. S. A. 
Adam Rankin Johnson, C. S. A. 
John R. Jones, C. S. A. 
William E. Jones, C. S. A. 
Andrew Lewis, Continental Army. 
John McCausland, C. S. A. 
Edward J. McClernand. 
Irvin McDowell. 
John C. McFerran. 
W. L. McMillen. 

Humphrey Marshall, C. S. A. (supra). 
William L. Marshall. 
Eli H. Murray. 
Elisha F. Paxton, C. S. A. 

John T. Pickett, Hungarian Army of Kossuth 
Thomas Posey. 
John S. Preston, C. S. A. 


William Preston, C. S. A. (supra). 

Samuel Woodson Price. 

William Russell. 

William Read Scurry, C. S. A. 

John Sevier. 

Joseph 0. Shelby, C. S. A. 

Alexander Smyth. 

John Dunlap Stevenson. 

J. E. B. Stuart, C. S. A. 

Jeremiah Cutler Sullivan. 

James B. Terrill, C. S. A. 

William Rufus Terrill. 

J. G. Tilford. 

Robert Brank Vance, C. S. A. 

James Alexander Walker, C. S. A. 

Lucius Marsh Walker, C. S. A. 

William Harvey Lamb Wallace. 

William Hugh Young, C. S. A. 

John M. Bowyer. 
William B. Caperton. 
John C. Fremont, 2nd. 
Albert Gleaves. 
Joseph N. Hemphill. 
William Radford. 
Chapman Coleman Todd. 

Commodore Joseph E. Montgomery of the Con- 
federate States independent naval service. 


The following are national senators and the states 
by them represented : 

Robert H. Adams, Mississippi. 


James Lusk Alcorn, Mississippi. 

John Bell, Tennessee (supra). 

Francis P. Blair, Jr., Missouri (supra). 

John Breckinridge, Kentucky (supra). 

John Cabell Breckinridge, Kentucky (supra). 

Jesse D. Bright, Indiana, President pro tempore of 
the Senate. 

B. Gratz Brown, Missouri. 

James Brown, Louisiana (supra). 

John Brown, Kentucky, President pro tempore of 
the Senate. 

Joseph E. Brown, Georgia. 

William G. Brownlow, Tennessee. 

John Caldwell Calhoun, South Carolina (supra). 

Hugh Taylor Caperton, West Virginia, Confed- 
erate States Senator from Virginia. 

John G. Carlisle, Kentucky (supra). 

Edward W. Carmack, Tennessee. 

Thomas B. Catron, New Mexico. 

John Ewing Colhoun, South Carolina. 

Joseph Moore Dixon, Montana. 

William L. D. Ewing, Illinois. 

Jesse J. Finley, elected a United States Senator 
from Florida, but not seated (supra). 

Randall Lee Gibson, Louisiana (supra). 

Nathan Goff, Jr., West Virginia (supra). 

James Guthrie, Kentucky (supra). 

James Hamilton, elected a United States Senator 
from Texas, but died before taking seat (supra). 

James M. Harvey, Kansas. 

Landon C. Haynes, Confederate States Senator 
from Tennessee. 

Samuel Houston, Texas (supra). 


John W. Johnston, Virginia. 

Blair Lee, Maryland. 

John F. Lewis, Virginia. 

William Lindsay, Kentucky. 

William Logan, Kentucky. 

James B. McCreary, Kentucky. 

Thomas Clay McCreery, Kentucky. 

John McKinley, Alabama (supra). 

Augustus Summerfield Merrimon, North Carolina. 

Andrew Moore, Virginia. 

Thomas Morris, Ohio. 

George S. Nixon, Nevada. 

Robert L. Owens, Oklahoma. 

David Trotter Patterson, Tennessee. 

Samuel Henry Piles, Washington. 

Miles Poindexter, Washington. 

Augustus S. Porter, Michigan. 

Thomas Posey, Louisiana (supra). 

William B. Preston, Confederate States Senator 
from Virginia (supra). 

William C. Preston, South Carolina. 

William A. Richardson, Illinois. 

Harrison H. Riddleberger, Virginia. 

Ambrose H. Sevier, Arkansas (supra). 

William L. Sharkey, elected a United States Sena- 
tor from Mississippi, but not seated. 

Daniel Smith, Tennessee. 

Marcus Aurelius Smith, Arizona. 

Robert L. Taylor, Tennessee. 

William A. Trimble, Ohio. 

Oscar W. Underwood, Alabama. 

Zebulon B. Vance, North Carolina. 


Hugh Lawson White, Tennessee. 
John Lockwood Wilson, Washington. 
Robert Wilson, Missouri.* 




The following are Augusta county's progeny who 
have been members of the Confederate States House 
of Representatives and members of and delegates 
to the United States House of Representatives up to 

♦Among- other United States Senators under Augusta 
county influence, through having been educated, as were some 
of those above, in the Virginia county of Rockbridge— once 
a part of Augusta county— by professors of Augusta county 
descent at Washington College, afterwards Washington and 
Lee University, are: Nathan P. Bryan, Florida; William J. 
Bryan, Florida; George E. Chamberlain, Oregon; John J. 
Crittenden, Kentucky (Attorney General of the United States, 
Governor of Kentucky); Powhatan Ellis, Mississippi (Min- 
ister to Mexico); Henry S. Foote, Mississippi (Governor of 
Mississippi); Murphy J. Foster, Louisiana (Governor of Lou- 
isiana); Jackson Morton, Florida; Richard E. Parker, Vir- 
ginia; Robert E. Strange, North Carolina. 

Others who were educated at this institution are: Joseph 
R. Lamar, Justice of the United States Supreme Court; 
Thomas Todd, Justice of the United States Supreme Court; 
Robert Trimble, Justice of the United States Supreme Court; 
Newton D. Baker, Secretary of War; Seth Barton, Minister to 
Chile; William Crump, Minister to Chile; Thomas Nelson 
Page, Ambassador to Italy; William A. Seay, Minister to 
Bolivia; General William L. Brandon, C. S. A.; General Ra- 
leigh E. Colston, C. S. A.; General John Pope Duvall, Texan 
Army (Governor of Florida); General John Echols. C. S. A.; 
General James L. Kemper, C. S. A. (Governor of Virginia); 
General Edwin G. Lee, C. S. A.; Luther E. Hall, Governor 
of Louisiana; Meriwether Lewis, Governor of Louisiana Ter- 
ritory; Philip W. McKinney, Governor of Virginia; Charles 
T. O'Ferrall, Governor of Virginia; Archibald Roan, Governor 
of Tennessee; and a number of members of the United States 
and Confederate States Houses of Representatives. 

The force of this seat of learning through its alumni as 
presidents of colleges and universities in the South and West 
has been strong. Through the Alexanders at Princeton its 
influence has extended even into the North. 


and including the 38th Congress, ending with the 
Civil War. 

After the war, there have been many more — such 
as Edward J. Gay of Louisiana, Jordan E. Cravens 
of Arkansas, and William P. McLean of Texas in 
the farthest south, William R. Ellis of Oregon and 
Lindley H. Hadley of Washington in the farthest 
west, Lafe Pence of Colorado and Charles B. Timber- 
lake of Colorado in the Rocky mountain states, 
Eugene McC. Wilson of Minnesota and Edwin Denby 
of Michigan in the north, Frank B. Fulkerson of 
Missouri, John A. T. Hull of Iowa, George A. Ander- 
son of Illinois, Carter H. Harrison of Illinois, Silas Z. 
Landes of Illinois, Medill McCormick of Illinois, 
John R. Thomas of Illinois (the "father of the Amer- 
ican navy," so important now), William D. Bynum 
of Indiana, William Eastin English of Indiana, 
James LaFayette Evans of Indiana, Charles A. Kor- 
bly of Indiana, Nicholas Longworth of Ohio, and 
Samuel Talbott Neal of Ohio, in the middle west — 
with Champ Clark of Missouri, the present Speaker 
of the House of Representatives. They still main- 
tain themselves at the fore. Since 1865, several 
family names have been represented by two mem- 
bers in the lower House of the Congress : 

Adam B. Alexander, Tennessee. 

Robert Allen, Tennessee. 

J. Patton Anderson, Delegate from Washington 
Territory, Member of the Confederate States Pro- 
visional Congress from Florida (supra). 

Simeon Hopkins Anderson, Kentucky. 

William Clayton Anderson, Kentucky. 

John B. Baldwin, Member of the Confederate 
States House of Representatives from Virginia. 


John Bell, Tennessee, Speaker of the House of Rep- 
resentatives (supra). 

Francis P. Blair, Jr., Missouri (supra). 

John Blair, Tennessee. 

John H. Bowen, Tennessee. 

John Boyle, Kentucky. 

James Breckinridge, Virginia. 

James D. Breckinridge, Kentucky. 

John Cabell Breckinridge, Kentucky (supra). 

Robert J. Breckinridge, Jr., Member of the Con- 
federate States House of Representatives from Ken- 

John Brown, Virginia, Delegate to the Continental 
Congress from Virginia (supra). 

Joseph Burns, Ohio. 

Edward C. Cabell, Florida. 

John Calhoun, Kentucky. 

John Caldwell Calhoun, South Carolina (supra). 

Joseph Calhoun, South Carolina. 

John W. Campbell, Ohio. 

Thomas J. Campbell, Tennessee. 

William B. Campbell, Tennessee (supra). 

Hugh Caperton, Virginia. 

Samuel P. Carson, North Carolina (supra). 

Robert Looney Caruthers, Tennessee, Member of 
the Confederate States Provisional Congress from 

Augustus A. Chapman, Virginia. 

Arthur St. Clair Colyar, Member of the Confed- 
erate States House of Representatives from Tennes- 

Robert Craig, Virginia. 

James A. Cravens, Indiana. 


James H. Cravens, Indiana. 

John W. Crockett, Member of the Confederate 
States House of Representatives from Kentucky. 

Allen T. Davidson, Member of the Confederate 
States Provisional Congress from North Carolina, 
Member of the Confederate States House of Repre- 
sentatives from North Carolina. 

Joseph Draper, Virginia. 

George W. Dunlap, Kentucky. 

William C. Dunlap, Tennessee (supra). 

George G. Dunn, Indiana. 

George H. Dunn, Indiana. 

William McKee Dunn, Indiana (supra). 

Henry A. Edmundson, Virginia. 

William H. English, Indiana. 

Benjamin Estil, Virginia. 

Andrew Ewing, Tennessee. 

Edwin H. Ewing, Tennessee. 

George W. Ewing, Member of the Confederate 
States Provisional Congress from Kentucky, Member 
of the Confederate States House of Representatives 
from Kentucky. 

Presley Ewing, Kentucky. 

John Floyd, Virginia. 

Andrew S. Fulton, Virginia. 

John H. Fulton, Virginia. 

John P. Gaines, Kentucky. 

Felix Grundy, Tennessee (supra). 

William Hall, Tennessee. 

James Hamilton, South Carolina (supra). 

John J. Hardin, Illinois. 

Thomas S. Haymond, Virginia. 

Samuel Houston, Tennessee (supra). 


Benjamin Howard, Kentucky (supra). 

Edward B. Jackson, Virginia. 

George Jackson, Virginia. 

John G. Jackson, Virginia. 

Albert G. Jenkins, Virginia, Member of the Con- 
federate States House of Representatives from Vir- 
ginia (supra). 

Robert Johnston, Member of the Confederate 
States Provisional Congress from Virginia, Member 
of the Confederate States House of Representatives 
from Virginia. 

Austin A. King, Missouri. 

John Letcher, Virginia. 

Thomas Lewis, Virginia. 

William J. Lewis, Virginia. 

Abraham Lincoln, Illinois (supra). 

Abraham McClellan, Tennessee. 

Felix G. McConnell, Alabama. 

Joseph W. McCorkle, California. 

William McCoy, Virginia. 

James McDowell, Virginia. 

Joseph J. McDowell, Ohio. 

John H. McHenry, Kentucky. 

John McKee, Alabama. 

Samuel McKee, Kentucky. 

John McKinley, Alabama (supra.) 

William McMillan, Delegate from the Territory 
Northwest of the Ohio River. 

Fayette McMullen, Virginia, Member of the Con- 
federate States House of Representatives from Vir- 

Alexander K. Marshall, Kentucky. 

Edward C. Marshall, California. 


Humphrey Marshall, Kentucky (supra). 

Thomas F. Marshall, Kentucky. 

Elbert Sevier Martin, Virginia. 

John P. Martin, Kentucky. . 

George Matthews, Georgia. 

John Gaines Miller, Missouri. 

Thomas Montgomery, Kentucky. 

Andrew Moore, Virginia (supra). 

Samuel McDowell Moore, Virginia. 

Calvary Morris, Ohio. 

Isaac N. Morris, Illinois. 

Jonathan D. Morris, Ohio. 

Thomas A. R. Nelson, Tennessee (supra). 

Balie Peyton, Tennessee (supra). 

Joseph Hopkins Peyton, Tennessee. 

Andrew Pickens, South Carolina. 

Francis W. Pickens, South Carolina (supra). 

Francis Preston, Virginia. 

Walter Preston, Member of the Confederate States 
Provisional Congress from Virginia, Member of the 
Confederate States House of Representatives from 

William Preston, Kentucky (supra).) 

William B. Preston, Member of the Confederate 
States Provisional Congress from Virginia (supra). 

John Rhea, Tennessee. 

William A. Richardson, Illinois (supra). 

George Robertson,* Kentucky. 

Richardson Scurry, Texas. 

Ambrose H. Sevier, Delegate from Arkansas Ter- 
ritory (supra). 

♦He twice declined a seat upon the bench of the United 
States Supreme Court, four times a seat in the Cabinet, and 
twice ministerships to foreign countries. 


John Sevier, North Carolina, Tennessee (supra). 

Solomon P. Sharp, Kentucky. 

William Russell Smith, Alabama, Member of the 
Confederate States House of Representatives from 

Alexander Smyth, Virginia (supra). 

Archibald Stewart, Virginia. 

Alexander H. H. Stuart, Virginia (supra). 

John T. Stuart, Illinois. 

Jacob Swoope, Virginia. 

Samuel F. Swope, Kentucky. 

Nathaniel G. Taylor, Tennessee. 

Abram Trigg, Virginia. 

John Trigg, Virginia. 

Carey A. Trimble, Ohio. 

Andrew Trumbo, Kentucky. 

John J. Van Meter, Ohio. 

Robert B. Vance, North Carolina. 

Zebulon B. Vance, North Carolina (supra). 

Harvey McGee Watterson, Tennessee (supra). 

Edgar McC. Wilson, Virginia. 

James Wilson, Indiana (supra). 

Thomas Wilson, Virginia. 


The following are governors and the states and 
territories of which they were chief executives : 

James Lusk Alcorn, Mississippi (supra). 

J. Patton Anderson, Washington Territory (supra) 

George W. Atkinson, West Virginia. 

John Boyle, appointed Governor of Illinois Terri- 
tory, but did not serve (supra). 

B. Gratz Brown, Missouri (supra). 


Joseph E. Brown, Georgia (supra). 
Joseph M. Brown, Georgia. 
William G. Brownlow, Tennessee (supra). 
James S. Calhoun, New Mexico Territory. 
David Campbell, Virginia. 
William B. Campbell, Tennessee (supra). 
Robert Looney Caruthers, elected Governor of 
Tennessee, but not inaugurated (supra). 
Orion Clemens, Nevada Territory. 
Henry Connelly, New Mexico Territory. 
Thomas T. Crittenden, Missouri (supra). 
Joseph W. Fifer, Illinois. 
John Floyd, Virginia (supra). 
John B. Floyd, Virginia (supra). 
David Rowland Francis, Missouri (supra). 
John P. Gaines, Oregon Territory (supra). 
George R. Gilmer, Georgia. 
Herbert S. Hadley, Missouri. 
William Hall, Tennessee (supra). 
James Hamilton, South Carolina (supra). 
J. Frank Hanly, Indiana. 
Nathaniel Edwin Harris, Georgia. 
James M. Harvey, Kansas (supra). 
Samuel Houston, Tennessee, Texas (supra). 
Benjamin Howard, Missouri Territory (supra). 
Jacob B. Jackson, West Virginia. 
Austin A. King, Missouri (supra). 
J. Proctor Knott, Kentucky. 
John Letcher, Virginia (supra). 
William A. MacCorkle, West Virginia. 
James B. McCreary, Kentucky (supra). 
James McDowell, Virginia (supra). 
Fayette McMullen, Washington Territory (supra). 


Alexander G. McNutt, Mississippi. 

George Madison, Kentucky. 

Beriah Magoffin, Kentucky. 

George Matthews, Georgia (supra). 

Henry M. Matthews, West Virginia. 

Eli H. Murray, Utah Territory (supra). 

John B. Neil, Idaho Territory. 

Patrick Noble, South Carolina. 

Robert M. Patton, Alabama. 

Andrew Pickens, South Carolina. 

Francis "W. Pickens, South Carolina (supra). 

Thomas Posey, Indiana Territory (supra). 

James P. Preston, Virginia. 

William A. Richardson, Nebraska Territory 

Joseph Draper Sayers, Texas. 

John Sevier, State of Franklin, Tennessee (supra). 

William L. Sharkey, Provisional Governor of 
Mississippi (supra). 

Lon V. Stephens, Missouri. 

Henry C. Stuart, Virginia. 

Robert L. Taylor, Tennessee (supra). 

Allen Trimble, Ohio. 

J. Hoge Tyler, Virginia. 

Zebulon B. Vance, North Carolina (supra). 

William Walker, Provisional Governor of Ne- 
braska Territory. 


One of the greatest influences of Augusta county 
were its pioneers in the conquest and settlement of 
the South and West, a movement no less important 
than the migration of the northern tribes into the 
Roman Empire — the epic of America. 


The books upon western Virginia mention prac- 
tically all of Augusta county's celebrated men on 
the Virginia border. Unless they are associated 
with other western places, there is omission of these. 
It is true this Virginiana includes references to 
these men. Also that some of these volumes, such 
as Peyton's and Waddell's histories of Augusta 
county, have had a seal of approval by appearing 
in such a bibliography as that in the "Guide to the 
Study and Reading of American History," by Pro- 
fessors Channing, Hart and Turner, of Harvard. 
Nevertheless, satisfactory histories of Augusta coun- 
ty, western Virginia and, for that matter, of the 
trans-Allegheny country and the Ohio valley, re- 
main to be written. 

Hundreds with Augusta county sires have been 
brave men upon every frontier from Virginia to 
Florida, Texas, California and the Great Lakes. 
Greece, Rome and Chivalry have no greater heroes. 
One need not seek the classics of Europe for in- 
trepidity and romance. 

A large group of the early hunters, explorers and 
founders of stations in Kentucky, Tennessee and 
western communities were Augusta countymen. 
They and their children in the vanguard crossed 
the Mississippi. Some have gone on even to other 

It may not be said that this blood on the farthest 
front is always diluted. Of those most remote, 
Colonel Joseph L. Meek, of Oregon, had the Au- 
gusta name of Meek and his mother was a Walker. 
"Kit" Carson's mother was a Robertson from the 
Greenbrier. Colonel William Craig, of Washing- 
ton, was born on the same river. Jo Walker, who 
guided Freemont, the "Pathfinder," who was urged 


on by a wife — whose mother was all Augustan — 
was full of the blood of the nursery of borderers. 

Around the southern and western rim of Ameri- 
ca's colonization and annexation — Matthews in 
Florida, Houston in Texas, Magoffin in New Mex- 
ico, Meek in Oregon — Augusta county's offspring 
were outstanding figures. 

The term pioneer is here used in a broad sense. 
It is impracticable to specify all. On account of 
their prominence — because of priorities, their as- 
cendancy in their localities and the memorable 
honors bestowed upon them — a selection has been 
arbitrarily made. 

Virginia has made a large part and written little 
of the nation's history. Massachusetts historians' 
names crowd every library. But this list of pio- 
neers, which could be extended, is some of the 
testimony for the nobility of the Old Dominion. 

There is not one newspaper frontiersman or mov- 
ing picture western hero among these who helped 
to win the West: 

Colonel John Allen,* killed at the River Raisin, 
in honor of whom Allen county, Kentucky, is named. 

Captain John Allen, one of the two founders of 
Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

Colonel Robert Allen, commander of a regiment 
of Tennessee militia in the Seminole war (supra). 

*It must not by any means be understood that there is any 
pretense of stating- all biographical facts in the lives of this 
pioneer and those following-. Only striking-, important and un- 
known events in their lives are given. 

In addition to Allen county and the many following coun- 
ties named in honor of pioneers, there are a large number of 
counties in the United States named in honor of statesmen 
herein. The origin of the latter names are usually well 


The Reverend William Youell Allen, chaplain of 
the Congress of the Republic of Texas. 

General Joseph Caldwell Anderson, legislator and 
pro-slavery leader of Kansas, in honor of whom 
Anderson county, Kansas, is named. 

General Robert Anderson, of South Carolina, in 
honor of whom Anderson county, South Carolina, 
is named. 

Colonel William P. Anderson, colonel of the 24th 
infantry, U. S. A., in the War of 1812. 

General Matthew Arbuckle, commander of the 
expedition against the Fowltown Indians (supra). 

Major Lanty Armstrong, second in command in 
Slaughter's Kentucky regiment at New Orleans, 
which, in the center, withstood the choicest troops 
then on earth, brought to Louisiana in England's 
then most expensive expedition, costing two hun- 
dred million dollars, some of which troops destroyed 
Napoleon's Old Guard at Waterloo, the result at 
New Orleans being the greatest shock British pride 
had then ever experienced. 

J. W. Bashford, Methodist Episcopal missionary 
bishop in China. 

Captain William Bean, who in 1769-70 became the 
''first Tennesseean,"* settling first at Boone's creek, 
near Johnson City, Tennessee, and afterwards at 
Bean's station, Grainger county, Tennessee. 

H. S. Beatie, first to erect a house in Nevada and 
first to settle in the Carson valley of that state. 

Dr. Gideon Blackburn, superintendent of mission- 
ary work among the Cherokees and educator in 
three states. 

♦Historical priorities, there being others among- the pio- 
neers, are dangerous. There is always the liability someone 
will come along- with some incident earlier than the one that 
has been recited. 


General Samuel Blackburn, orator of Georgia 
and Tennessee, as well as Virginia. 

Captain John Blakemore, who with Colonel John 
Donelson, his ranking officer, was one of the two 
admirals of the little fleet, subject to smallpox and 
Indian volleys, carrying the men and women down 
the Tennessee river, first to settle in the Cumber- 
land district. 

Colonel Anthony Bledsoe, of Tennessee, killed by 
the Indians, in honor of whom Bledsoe county, Ten- 
nessee, is named. 

The Boggs of California, arrivals there in 1848. 

The Boones of Kentucky, Missouri, Kansas and 
Colorado, of whom was Colonel Daniel Boone, in 
honor of whom counties in eight states are named.* 

Colonel John Bowman, county lieutenant of the 
county of Kentucky, colonel of the Kentucky militia 
in 1776, and commander of Bowman's expedition 
of 1779 against the Indians. 

Colonel William Bowyer, who with a body of 
men reinforced Mcintosh on the Ohio in 1776. 

Matthew Bracken, Kentucky hunter, killed at the 
battle of Point Pleasant, whose name was given to 
a Kentucky creek, whence a Kentucky county took 
its name. 

William Bratton, one of the immortal Lewis and 
Clark expedition, discoverers of America's North- 

General Robert Breckinridge, first speaker of the 
house of representatives of Kentucky and member 
of the Virginia constitutional convention of 1788. 

*In the index of the "Descriptive List of the Manuscript 
Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin," 
which society owns the famous Draper collection, there are 
some of the Boones, their relatives and neighbors, who had 
connections with Augusta county, but not all of them. 


Captain John S. Brooks, aide to Colonel James 
W. Fannin at the Fannin massacre, and who, unable 
to walk, was carried out and shot by the Mexicans. 

Morgan Bryan (Bryant), one of the first men to 
"take up land" in Western North Carolina. 

Captain William Bryan (Bryant), founder of 
Bryan's (Bryant's) station, Kentucky, near Lex- 
ington, at which station the Indian siege occurred. 

Colonel John Buchanan, who with others made 
an expedition to the West in 1748, possibly as far 
as Kentucky. 

George Calhoun, a lieutenant with George Rog- 
ers Clark and first to survey the Ohio river west 
of Louisville. 

James S. Calhoun, United States Indian agent in 
New Mexico in 1849 (supra). 

Captain Patrick Calhoun, Indian fighter and lead- 
er in the Long Cane settlement, South Carolina. 

Captain James Callaway, killed while with his 
rangers in Missouri in 1814, in honor of whom Cal- 
laAvay county, Missouri, is named. 

Colonel Arthur Campbell, of Tennessee, in honor 
of whom Campbell county, Tennessee, is named. 

Captain John Campbell, who settled at the "Royal 
Oak" estate in Tennessee and was an officer at the 
battle of Long Island Flats in 1776. 

Colonel John Campbell, of Kentucky, in honor 
of whom Campbell county, Kentucky, is named. 

Colonel John B. Campbell, who fell at Chippewa, 
while commanding the right wing of Scott's army 

Captain William Patton Anderson Campbell, an 
explorer in Africa in 1868 for the Khedive, upon 
which expedition he died. 

General Christopher ("Kit") Carson, moun- 
taineer and guide to Fremont, the "Pathfinder," in 


honor of whom Kit Carson comity, Colorado, and 
Carson county, Nevada — this once important Ne- 
vada county not now in existence — and the capital 
of Nevada, are named (supra). 

Samuel P. Carson, of Texas, in honor of whom 
Carson county, Texas, is named (supra). 

General Gracey Childers, colonel of the "fighting 
first Tennessee," in the Islands of Luzon, Panay and 
Cebu, the Philippines. 

Colonel William Christian, who commanded 1,200 
Virginians on the Cherokee expedition of 1776 and 
a settler of 1785 on Bear Grass, Kentucky, killed in 
a punitive expedition against the savages in 1785, 
in honor of whom Christian county, Kentucky, is 
named — the counties of that name in Illinois and 
Missouri having been named by settlers from and 
in memory of the mother county in Kentucky. 

Kalph Clayton, founder of Clayton, county seat 
of St. Louis county, Missouri. 

Governor Henry Connelley, trader on the Santa 
Fe trail and explorer of Oklahoma and northern 
Texas in 1839-40 (supra). 

Colonel William Craig, mountain man of the 
American Fur Company, associate of Carson and 
Meek, Indian agent in Washington and assistant 
to Governor Isaac I. Stevens in making treaties 
with the Washington and Idaho Indians, incorrectly 
credited with having given the State of Idaho its 

Thomas Brown Craighead, legislator of Arkan- 
sas, in honor of whom Craighead county, Arkansas, 
is named. 

Colonel Joseph Crockett, commander of the 
Crockett regiment in the Illinois campaign with 
General George Rogers Clark. 


Judge Joseph B. Crockett, jurist, of the supreme 
court of California. 

Robert Crockett, Long Hunter and first white 
man killed by the Indians in Tennessee. 

Colonel Walter Crockett, who was at Olympia, 
Washington, in 1851. 

General Samuel Dale, the "Daniel Boone of Ala- 
bama," in honor of whom Dale county, Alabama, 
is named. 

Colonel Jo Hamilton Daveiss, rival of Henry Clay 
as an orator and first western lawyer to appear 
before the Supreme Court of the United States, 
killed at Tippecanoe, in honor of whom counties in 
four States are named.* 

Dr. Samuel Doak, member of the Franklin con- 
vention and who established in 1788-89 a school in 
Washington county, Tennessee, the first classical 
school west of the Alleghenies, forerunner of Wash- 
ington College, Tennessee. 

The Drakes of the Cumberland country, of whom 
was the rough and fearless Joseph Drake, killed at 
Boonesborough in 1778. 

Captain Jacob Drennon, who was .with the Mc- 
Afees in Kentucky in 1773 and an officer in the 
British army, killed on the Ohio in 1787. 

Colonel Alexander Dunlap, who after leaving his 
fort at Clover Lick, in Virginia, became the first 
permanent settler between the northwest of Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, and the Kentucky river, in 
Woodford county, the "asparagus patch of Ken- 
tucky," and was a founder of the famous Pisgah 
academy, a forerunner of Transylvania University. 

*He spelled his name Daveiss. The United States postal 
department spells the name in these four counties in Illinois, 
Indiana, Kentucky and Missouri, Daviess. 


Colonel James Dunlap, soldier, legislator, Presi- 
dential elector and Whig candidate for governor of 

General Richard G. Dunlap, commander of East 
Tennesseeans in the Florida war (supra). 

Judge Williamson Dunn, ranger captain of In- 
diana, said to have refused an election to the United 
States Senate. 

Captain John Edmondson, killed at the River 
Raisin, in honor of whom Edmondson county, Ken- 
tucky, is named. 

Colonel William Edmondson, a captain in the 
Cherokee expeditions of 1776 and 1777. 

Captain James Estill, killed at Estill's defeat, in 
honor of whom Estill county, Kentucky, is named. 
General James M. Estill, fascinating and cour- 
ageous political leader of pioneer politicians in the 
spectacular politics of California in the '50s. 

General Robert Evans, founder of Evansville, In- 

Andrew Ewin, clerk of the court of the Cumber- 
land Compact. 

Baker Ewing, delegate to the Virginia assembly 
from a Kentucky county and first registrar of the 
land office of Kentucky in 1788. 

General Robert Ewing, Kentucky legislator and 
general officer in the war of 1812. 

Captain John Finley, who explored Kentucky in 
1773, was conductor of Daniel Boone to that state, 
and was commander at Wheeling against the west- 
ern Indians. 

Colonel William Fleming, state legislator for 
many years from Madison county, Alabama, and 
Presidential elector from that state in 1825. 


Colonel G. li. Clark Floyd, who gallantly com- 
manded a regiment at Tippecanoe. 

Judge John Garber, justice of the supreme court 
of Nevada and admitted leader of the San Fran- 
cisco bar when it was one of the ablest in the 

Captain James Gay, border scout and who with 
his brothers-in-law aided in the establishment of a 
Kentucky industry by bringing the first improved 
cattle into that state before the "seventeens" 

Colonel John H. Gibson, lieutenant colonel 
wounded at New Orleans and quartermaster in the 
Florida war, in honor of whom Gibson county, 
Tennessee, is named. 

Ishom Gilliam, sheriff in 1812 of Madison county, 
Illinois, when it comprised the northern half of 
that state and the present State of Wisconsin, of 
a family whom an old chronicler credits to a great 
extent with defeating the convention or slavery 
party in Illinois in 1824 and keeping Illinois a free 

The Gillespies, of Gillespie's fort, Tennessee, 
where the gallant defense against Indian massacre 
was made. 

Captain James Givens and his son, Captain Rob- 
ert Givens, who with Thomas Sharpe Spencer, the 
"Chevalier Bayard of the Cumberland valley," and 
others, in 1778, were the first Anglo-Saxons to plant 
corn in that valley. 

Edward J. Glasgow, United States consular 
representative at Guaymas, Mexico, in 1841, over- 
land trader and captain with Doniphan's men at 
the battle of the Sacramento. 


Dr. Hugh J. Glenn, largest wheat grower in the 
world during his life and Democratic candidate for 
governor of California, in honor of whom Glenn 
county, California, is named. 

Captain Isaac Graham, leader of the Graham af- 
fair in California in 1840, a movement not well un- 
derstood by historians. 

Colonel William Graham, of North Carolina, com- 
mander of a regiment in the Cherokee expedition 
of 1771). 

Mason Greenlee, who "located" the Greenlee 
group of mines in Arizona, in honor of whom Green- 
lee county. Arizona, is named. 

Andrew Greer, a member of the first court of the 
county of Washington, North Carolina, this county 
then comprising the present Tennessee. 

General Adam Guthrie, who commanded at the 
battle of the Saline, west of Shawneetown, Illinois. 

Colonel James A. Hadley, mighty hunter of the 
Great Plains and companion thereon of the Grand 
Duke Alexis. 

Major Andrew Hamilton, who during the Revo- 
lution took out a body of Virginians to relieve the 
wester; 1 , 

Joseph Hamilton, Tennessee judge. 

John Hays Hammond, mining engineer in South 
Africa and a figure in the Jameson raid (supra). 

Captain Samuel Hanclley, a fighting man who 
was captured on the Nickajack expedition. 

Abraham Haptonstall, member of the first explor- 
ing expedition in 1773 on the site of Louisville, and 
who, with Colonel Richard Taylor and Hancock 
Taylor, in 1769 made the first trading voyage by 
Anglo-Saxons down the Ohio past the Falls (Louis- 
ville), going as far as the Yazoo. 


Archer Harman, railroad builder in South Amer- 
ica and the ' ' dictator of Ecuador. ' ' 

Matthias Harman, who made the first settlement 
in eastern Kentucky. 

Colonel Creed Haymond, captain of the Sierra 
Grays under Colonel "Jack" Hays in the campaign 
against Chief Winnemucca in Nevada in 1860, which 
broke the chief's power, and mighty head of the 
legal department in the early days of the Southern 
Pacific Railroad in the western United States. 

Colonel John C. ("Jack") Hays, commander at 
the battle of the Salado in 1842, commander of the 
advance company of the Somervell expedition, who 
stormed Independence Heights at Monterey, first 
sheriff of San Francisco, a founder of Oakland, Cal- 
ifornia, and who with his troops broke the power 
of the Nevada Indians in 1860, in honor of whom 
Hays county, Texas, is named. 

Colonel Robert Hays, a commander of the expe- 
dition resulting in the battle of Coldwater, Ala- 
bama, in 1787. 

George Hendricks, captured with the salt makers 
at the Blue Licks in Kentucky, carried by the Kick- 
apoos to the Wabash, and who became a resident of 
Illinois in 1786. 

The Reverend Moses Montgomery Henkel, mis- 
sionary to the Wyandotte Indians. 

John Smith Herring, superintendent of the survey 
of the Virginia military lands of the West. 

The Reverend Robert Hopkins, missionary to the 
Dakota Indians. 

Samuel Houston, commander-in-chief of the 
Texan armies, in honor of whom Houston county, 
Minnesota, Houston county, Tennessee, and Hous- 
ton county, Texas, are named (supra). 


Dr. Alfred Young Hull, editor and legislator, in- 
strumental in moving the capital of Iowa from Iowa 
City to Des Moines. 

Major William L. Hunter, large landholder, of 

Anderson Hutchinson, Texan leader and law part- 
ner of Senator Henry S. Foote, in honor of whom 
Hutchinson county, Texas, is named. 

Mrs. Mary Ingles, one of the first white women 
in Kentucky, captives of the Indians. 

William H. Jack (supra), author of the Turtle 
Bayou resolutions in Texas, and his brother, Patrick 
C. Jack, of Texas, in honor of both of whom Jack 
county, Texas, is named. 

John Gabriel Jones, elected by a popular assem- 
bly in Kentucky in 1776, with General George Rog- 
ers Clark, to represent the Kentucky country in 
the Virginia assembly, and instrumental in estab- 
lishing the county of Kentucky, killed by the In- 

Captain William Kincaid, a worthy of Woodford 
county, Kentucky. 

Colonel James Knox, leader of the Long Hunters 
to the West in 1769-71, a party composed largely 
of Augusta county men, the results of whose ex- 
plorations were important. 

Colonel James Lauderdale, who fell at New Or- 
leans, in honor of whom Lauderdale county, Ala- 
bama, Lauderdale county, Mississippi, and Lauder- 
dale county, Tennessee, are named. 

Major Williani Lauderdale, who carried the flag 
farthest into the Indian country in Florida, by es- 
tablishing Fort Lauderdale in that state in 1830. 

Captain James Leeper, Tennessee Indian scout 
and a signer of the Cumberland Compact, whose 


marriage in 1780 to Miss Susan Drake was the first 
wedding west of the Cumberland mountains, killed 
by the Indians in 1781. 

Major Andrew Lewis,* who in 1756 erected 
Fort Loudon in what is now Monroe county, Ten- 
nessee, the first edifice built by men of British de- 
scent in that state (supra). 

General John Lawson Lewis, who as a young 
man was courier to General Andrew Jackson at 
New Orleans. 

Joshua Lewis, one of the three commissioners for 
taking possession of the Louisiana purchase. 

The Reverend Andrew Youell Lockridge, mission- 
ary to the Georgia Cherokees. 

Stephen D. Logan, jurist, of Illinois, in honor of 
whom Logan county, Illinois, is named. 

General William Logan, who went to Kentucky 
in 1775 and was one of the ablest of the Indian 
campaigners, in honor of whom Logan county, Ken- 
tucky, and Logan county, Ohio, are named. 

Colonel Eobert Love, colonel of a regiment en- 
gaged against the Chickamaugas in 1778, state 
legislator, Presidential elector and one of the com- 
missioners who ran the North Carolina-Tennessee 
boundary in 1821. 

Samuel Love, first settler in Hawkins county, 

General Thomas Love, active in the Tipton-Sevier 
controversy, North Carolina and Tennessee legis- 
lator and one of the commissioners who ran the 
North Carolina-South Carolina boundary in 1814. 

♦Afterward General Andrew Lewis, who commanded at 
the battle of Point Pleasant, where the power of the Indians 
of the Ohio valley was broken, a brother of Colonel Charles 
Lewis, the "hero of Point Pleasant," who fell there, in honor 
of whom Lewis county, West Virginia, is named. 


Colonel William Lowther, a volunteer under Gen- 
eral George Rogers Clark and who in 1787 became 
colonel of the Northwest Territory of Virginia. 

The McAfees, first homemakers of Kentucky. 

General James Haggin McBride, state legislator, 
judge in Southwest Missouri, and brigadier-gen- 
eral of Confederate Missouri State troops, who 
saved the day at "Wilson's creek, where some of his 
unarmed companies performed the feat, astonishing 
even in American history, of marching to the front 
and being shot down until enough Federals were 
killed and driven back, so that the unarmed com- 
mand might in this manner obtain muskets. 

Major William McBride, member of the first 
county court of Kentucky, for the county of Lin- 
coln, killed at the battle of the Blue Licks. 

Colonel Alexander K. McClung, duellist and lieu- 
tenant-colonel in the Mexican war of Colonel (after- 
wards President) Jefferson Davis' first Mississippi 
regiment, "composed of the best born, the best ed- 
ucated and wealthiest young men of the state," 
and who rode side by side with his colonel and was 
wounded at the memorable charge at Monterey 

Francis McConnell, explorer with others of the 
Elkhorn country of the Blue Grass in 1775, and 
founder of McConnell 's station, near, now in, Lex- 
ington, Kentucky. 

Colonel Mark L. McDonald, most extensive min- 
ing stock broker of California at the height of the 
world's greatest gambling in mining stocks and 
candidate for United States senator from Cali- 


The McDowells of Kentucky, of whom was Judge 
Samuel McDowell, president of the first constitu- 
tional convention of Kentucky. 

The McFarlands of Jefferson county, Tennessee, 
of whom were Colonels John McFarland and Robert 

Major Hugh McGary, Indian hunter of Kentucky, 
whose impetuosity at the Blue Licks, in the opinion 
of some, caused the loss of that battle. 

Lieutenant Hugh W. McKee, U. S. N., killed in 
leading the American attack on the Corean forts at 
Kwang-hoa Island in 1871, in honor of whom Fort 
McKee was named. 

John McKee, early appointee to the head of the 
United States land office at Edwardsville, Illinois. 

Colonel John McKee, Indian agent in 1812 for 
the Chickamaugas, largely instrumental in 1813 in 
causing the Choctaws and Chickamaugas to side 
with the whites against the Creeks, one of the com- 
missioners in 1829 to negotiate the treaty of Danc- 
ing Rabbit, and who, with the father of Vice Ad- 
miral David G. Farragut, was one of the "first 
Tennesseeans" (supra). 

Colonel William R. McKee, who fell with the 
"orphaned Kentuckians" at Buena Vista. 

"Wild Cat" (John) McKinney, first schoolmas- 
ter at Lexington, Kentucky, afterward the "Ath- 
ens of the West." 

John McKnight, associate of General Thomas 
James in the expedition of 1821-22 to the Southwest, 
the first to trade in the Comanche country, and a 
member of the James-McKnight expedition of 1822- 
24, upon which latter he was killed in Oklahoma by 
the Indians. 


Robert McKnight, commander of the expedition 
to Santa Fe in 1812, the second private expedition 
of Americans to the Southwest and possibly the 
first private expedition over the route traversed. 

Thomas McKnight, in 1822 member of the first 
city council of St. Louis, in 1826 first civil agent 
of the United States Government at the Upper Mis- 
sissippi lead mines, in 1836 member of the first coun- 
cil of Iowa Territory, in 1838 first receiver of the 
United States land office in Iowa, and in 1846 first 
Whig candidate for governor of Iowa. 

John McMahan, first register of the county of 
Washington, this county then comprising the pres- 
ent Tennessee. 

William McMillan, a founder in 1787 and office- 
holder of Fort Washington, now Cincinnati, Ohio 

Captain John McMurtry, who was one of the 
seven prisoners taken by the Indians at the Blue 
Licks, who was compelled to run the gauntlet, who 
fell finally at Harmar's defeat and whose name is 
conspicuously written on the battle monument at 
Frankfort, Kentucky. 

John McNabb, a member of the first court of the 
county of Washington, North Carolina, this county 
then comprising the present Tennessee. 

Governor George Madison, wounded while with 
St. Clair in 1792, a major at Frenchtown and who 
was captured at the Raisin (supra). 

James Wiley Magoffin, trader and United States 
consular agent at Chiluahua in the '20s, the "blood- 
less conqueror of New Mexico, who fired no gun." 
Colonel Casper Mansco (Mansker), who after 
being a guide to the Sandy Creek expedition of 


Augustans to the Ohio in 1756, and a Long Hunter, 
was the pilot of Tennessee pioneers. 

General William L. Marshall, U. S. A., in honor 
of whom Marshall's pass, Colorado, is named 

General Joseph Martin, Powell's valley agent of 
the Transylvania Company during the first settle- 
ment of Kentucky and Indian agent of Virginia 
from 1777 to 1789. 

Colonel "William Martin, of Sumner county, Ten- 
nessee, who was engaged in protecting the Tennes- 
see settlements in 1787. 

General George Matthews, brigadier general on 
the Florida frontier, early expansionist and com- 
missioner to receive Florida if offered to the United 
States, but who co-operated with his filibuster ex- 
pedition and deposed the Spanish authorities 

Dr. David Maxwell, who is accredited with writ- 
ing the first constitution of Indiana and establish- 
ing its school system. 

Colonel Joseph L. Meek, mountain man, whose 
influence carried the day at Champoeg, Oregon, in 
the establishment there in 1843 of the first Amer- 
ican civil government west of the Rockies, and who 
brought in 1847 the message to protect Oregon to 
his family connection, President Polk. 

Eeturn Jonathan Meigs, 3rd, legislator, jurist and 
Indian agent for the Cherokees and Creeks, in honor 
of whom Meigs county, Tennessee, is named. 

Samuel A. Merritt, prominent citizen of Califor- 
nia and Delegate from Idaho Territory to the United 
States Congress. 

Colonel John Montgomery, associate of General 
George Rogers Clark in the Kaskaskia campaign, 


first sheriff of Davidson county, Tennessee, in which. 
Nashville is located, founder of Clarksville, Ten- 
nessee, and commander of the Nickajack expedi- 
tion of 1794, killed by the Indians, in honor of 
whom Montgomery county, Tennessee, is named. 

Major L. P. Montgomery, hero of the battle of 
Horseshoe Bend, in honor of whom a county and 
the capital of Alabama are named. 

Captain James Moore, leader in 1781 of the first 
party of Americans into Illinois. 

The Reverend James Moore, president of Tran- 
sylvania University and a James Lane Allen char- 

General James Biggs Moore, ranger captain in 

Illinois in the war of 1812, first sheriff of the then 

of Monroe, Illinois, and Indian fighter. 

The Reverend William McCutchan Morrison, 
African missionary in the Congo. 

Captain Alexander Neeley, Tennessee associate of 
the Bledsoes, killed by the Indians near Bledsoe's 
Lick, Tennessee. 

Colonel Samuel Newell, member of the Franklin 

Stephen F. Nuckolls, legislator of Nebraska Ter- 
ritory, active in gaining statehood for that terri- 
tory, mining operator in Colorado and first Dele- 
gate from Wyoming Territory to the United States 
Congress, in honor of whom Nuckolls county, Ne- 
braska, is named. 

Colonel William Patterson, member of the first 
legislature of Iowa Territory in 1838, member of 
the Iowa constitutional convention of 1857, mayor 
of Keokuk, one of those credited with having pre- 
vented the "Iowa-Missouri war" and packer mag- 
nate o ssippi valley. 


Colonel James Patton, nabob of western Virginia, 
who with others from Augusta county and else- 
where made an expedition to the West in 1748, pos- 
sibly as far as Kentucky. 

General Andrew Pickens, who served in the cam- 
paign against the Cherokees in 1782, in honor of 
whom Pickens county, South Carolina, is named. 

Colonel James Poage, founder of Ripley, Ohio, 
the abolition center. 

General John Poage, Kentucky soldier. 

General Alexander Posey, commander of a bri- 
gade in the Black Hawk war. 

Emory Rains, immigrant to Texas in 1826 and 
member of the Senate of the Republic of Texas, the 
Texas constitutional convention of 1845 and the 
Texas state legislature, in honor of whom Rains 
county, Texas, is named. 

Captain John Rains, Long Hunter, Indian fighter 
and favorite scout of General James Robertson, 
"father of Tennessee." 

Lieutenant Sevier McClellan Rains, U. S. A., 
killed with his detachment at Craig's mountain, in 
the worst massacre of Americans by the Indians 
in Howard's Idaho campaign in the Nez Perce war 
of 1877. 

General Jonathan Ramsey, legislator of Missouri. 

General Isaac de B. Read, Indian fighter of Flor- 
ida and duellist, assassinated on the streets of Tal- 

Moses Renfroe, leader of the first settlers into 
the rich Montgomery county, Tennessee, country. 

General William Renick, respected citizen of 

Archibald Rhea, of Rhea's fort, near Knoxville, 


Colonel Alexander Robertson, member of the Vir- 
ginia convention of 1788 from Kentucky and Vir- 
ginia legislature of 1789 from Kentucky, and "who 
built the first fine house in Kentucky"— a distinc- 
tion claimed by others. 

Major Andrew S. Rowan, U. S. A., who "carried 
the message to Garcia" in Cuba. 

George Ruffner, Indian fighter of the Scioto. 
Captain Robert Russell, who with his brother, 
Colonel William Russell, used their company to 
protect the settlers at Nashville in 1780 while they 
raised their first crop of corn. 

Colonel William Russell, boy pioneer of fifteen, 
with Colonel Daniel Boone in Kentucky, legislator 
of Virginia and Kentucky, with Wayne, Scott and 
Wilkinson in their campaign against the Indians, 
conspicuous at Tippecanoe, commander of the ex- 
pedition against the Peoria Indians, commander of 
the Indiana, Illinois and Missouri frontiers and com- 
mander of the old 7th infantry regiment, U. S. 
A. — part of which was consolidated in 1815 with 
parts of other regiments to form the present 1st 
infantry regiment, U. S. A. — in honor of whom 
Russell county, Kentucky, is named. 

General William Russell, U. S. A., who in addi- 
tion to his career in the East, was a member of the 
party of Long Hunters in Tennessee, in honor of 
whom Russell county, Virginia, is named (supra). 

Colonel William H. Russell, who led the Russell 
party to California in 1846 and was first provisional 
secretary of state of California. 

General George Rutledge, member of the Ten- 
nessee state senate and constitutional convent ion, 
military commander of East Tennessee and who 


was in Christian's campaign against the Cherokees 
and Shelby's campaign against the Chickamaugas. 

Captain John Peter Sailing, western hunter and 
adventurer in 1742, who was captured by the 
Cherokees, carried down the Ohio to the Mississippi, 
taken by the French as a spy, placed on a vessel 
for France, but captured by a British cruiser and 
landed at Charleston, South Carolina. 

Colonel John Sawyers, who conducted Gilbert 
Christian and William Anderson, both from Au- 
gusta county, in an exploring trip as far as Haw- 
kins county, Tennessee, in 1768-69. 

William ("Turkey Hill") Scott, who in 1794 went 
to Illinois and who founded the Turkey Hill set- 
tlement, known far and wide to early Illinoisans. 

The Seviers of Tennessee, of whom was General 
John Sevier, U. S. A. (supra), commonwealth build- 
er, in honor of whom Sevier county, Tennessee, is 

"Bonny Kate" Sevier (formerly Sherrill), popu- 
lar heroine of Tennessee and wife of General John 
Sevier, U. S. A. 

Jacob K. Shafer, California '49er, leading citizen 
and Delegate from Idaho Territory to the United 
States Congress. 

General Daniel Smith, secretary of state of the 
Territory South of the Ohio River and brigadier 
general of the Miro District, Tennessee, in honor 
of whom Smith county, Tennessee, is named 

Colonel William Snodgrass, who after having 
been chief of scouts for Colonel William Campbell, 
the "hero of King's Mountain," also from Augusta 


county,* was lieutenant colonel of Tennesseeans at 
Horseshoe Bend in the Creek war. 

John Steele, secretary of state of Mississippi and 
commissioner to treat with the Cherokees. 

General John Dunlap Stevenson, one of the ablest 
captains in Doniphan's march to Mexico, which 
"like Xenophon's, was the most extraordinary 
march in the military annals of its time" (supra). 

Major Samuel Stevenson, associate of Colonel 
Alexander Dunlap in the settlement of Woodford 
county, the "asparagus patch of Kentucky." 

Milton Sublette, the "thunderbolt of the 
Rockies, " and part owner of Fort Laramie. 

Captain William Sublette, who with Robert 
Campbell erected in 1834 Fort W'illiam, later called 
Fort Laramie, the first permanent post and build- 
ing in YVyorning, where passed thousands of the 
immigrants to the Pacific coast, and who was in 
command at the battle with the Blackfeet in 1832. 

General Nathaniel Taylor, scout on the Tennessee 
frontier, a soldier of the Creek Avar and who was 
in command of a Tennessee brigade in the war of 
1812 and with General James Winchester defended 
Mobile when threatened by the British. 

Bishop William Taylor, missionary in California, 
Australia, the West Indies, the East Indies and 
Africa, of which latter he was Methodist Episcopal 

Captain James Thompson, guard to Colonel Wil- 
liam Christian upon the Cherokee campaign of 

*In the index of the "Descriptive List of the Manuscript 
Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin," 
there are a number, but not all of the officers of Augusta 
origin at King's Mountain, with General George Rogers Clark 
and in the Revolutionary warfare in the Carolinas. Colonel 
W T illiam Campbell had no important western experience and 
is therefore not to be found above. 


Judge Frank Tilford, member of the ayunta- 
miento of San Francisco while it was still a pueblo, 
first city recorder of San Francisco, who caused the 
first endowment ever bestowed on a San Francisco 
public school, holder of other offices in Nevada and 
California and gifted orator. 

William L. Todd, one of the heads of the Swasey- 
Todd party to California in 1845 and the member 
of the Bear Flag party, attempting to establish the 
Kepublic of California, who painted the Bear Flag, 
the California emblem now used everywhere in that 

Colonel Stephen Trigg, killed at the battle of the 
Blue Licks, in honor of whom Trigg county, Ken- 
tucky, is named. 

Colonel William A. Trimble, who defended Fort 
Erie on the Canada side, established the post of 
Fort Des Moines, Iowa, and co-operated with Gen- 
eral Andrew Jackson in his Florida expedition of 
1818 and capture of St. Mark's and Pensacola, 
Florida (supra). 

General George Trotter, a hero of the battle of 
the Thames. 

Colonel David Vance, after his Revolutionary 
service, one of the commissioners to establish the 
North Carolina-Tennessee boundary of 1799. 

Joel P. Walker, veteran of the Seminole war, 
Santa Fe trader, member of the first constitutional 
convention of California and head in 1841 of the 
first emigrant party of men, women and children to 
cross the Rocky mountains to the Pacific coast. 

Captain Joseph R. Walker, one of the most fa- 
mous mountaineers, guide to Fremont, the "Path- 
finder," and conductor of Bonneville's expedition 
to California in the early '30s — the first to take 


wagons across the Rockies — in honor of whom 
Walker lake, Walker river and Walker pass are 

Captain James Walkup, settler in 1755 and leader 
in the Waxhaws, North Carolina, and who after- 
wards with Governor William Richardson Davie 
fought the battle of Walkup 's (Wacub's) planta- 

Joseph Walkup, early California cattleman, poli- 
tician and lieutenant governor of California, said 
to have refused an election to the United States 

Captain William A. ("Big Foot") Wallace, who 
was a member of the Mier expedition to Mexico, 
went through the ' ' lottery of death, ' ' led the expe- 
dition 's remnants to Texas and was Comanche and 
Mexican fighting associate of Colonel "Jack" Hays. 
Wallen, Scaggs, Cox and Blevins, who were a 
hunting party in Carter's valley, Tennessee, in 

Colonel William Ward, founder of Urbana, Ohio. 
Captain Jacob Warrick, acting major and killed 
at Tippecanoe, in honor of whom Warrick county, 
Indiana, is named. 

Colonel Samuel Weir, of Tennessee, of whom it 
has been incorrectly published that he wrote the 
constitution of the State of Franklin. 

Lewis Wetzel, Indian fighter on the Ohio, who 
died on the Brazos, in honor of whom Wetzel coun- 
ty, West Virginia, is named. 

Colonel William Whitley, commander of the Nick- 
ajack expedition to Tennessee in 1794, one of a 
number of those credited with killing Tecumseh, 
and himself killed in leading the "forlorn hope" at 


the Thames, in honor of whom Whitley county, In- 
diana, and Whitley county, Kentucky, are named. 

The Reverend John Poage Williamson, mission- 
ary to the Dakota Indians. 

General John Wilson, United States Indian agent 
in 1849 at Salt Lake, and who advised the consoli- 
dation of the State of Deseret, California, and the 
territory acquired from Mexico into one state — 
possibly another dream of western empire. 

James Woods, of Nashville, first successfully to 
produce iron on a large scale in the Southwest. 

Both General George Rogers Clark, the "Han- 
nibal of the West," and Colonel William Clark, of 
the Lev/is and Clark expedition, had relatives in 
Augusta county, whom they visited, but their resi- 
dence in Virginia is associated with another Vir- 
ginia county, Albemarle, adjoining Augusta county. 


Among professionalists, because numerous of the 
most distinguished lawyers have been mentioned 
above and the genealogies of university presidents 
are easily accessible, these are not included. 

Among surgeons and physicians there are : 

Dr. Samuel Brown, first inoculator (with Dr. 
David Ramsey) of smallpox. 

Dr. Joseph R. Buchanan, a founder of the eclectic 
school and medical author. 

Dr. Henry Massie Bullitt, medical author and who 
held chairs in five medical schools, one of which, 
Louisville Medical College, he founded. 

Dr. Alexander Dunlap, vice president of the 
American Medical Association, and who shares 
honors with Dr. Ephraim McDowell, first ovariotom- 
ist in the modern world, Dr. Dunlap having been 


the second, and independent of and knowing nothing 
of Dr. McDowell's ovariotomy, having performed it 
in scores of successful operations. 

Dr. Lewis McFarland Gaines, neurologist, of 
Atlanta, Georgia. 

Dr. Samuel C. Gleaves, medical director, C. S. A., 
ready writer and president of the Medical Society 
of Virginia. 

Dr. George Ben Johnston, president of the Ameri- 
can Surgical Association. 

Dr. James M. Laird, a leading physician of west- 
ern Virginia. 

Dr. Charles McCreary, first to remove the collar 
bone — in 1813. 

Dr. Bphraim McDowell, first ovariotomist in the 
modern world. 

Dr. Lewis S. McMurtry, president of the American 
Medical Association. 

Dr. William Marcellus MePheeters, medical editor. 

Dr. Joseph McD. Mathews, president of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association. 

Dr. John W. Monet te, first to control yellow fever 
by quarantine — in New Orleans in 1841 — pioneer 
scientist of the Mississippi valley and who stated 
hypothetically many of the Darwinian principles 
thirty-five years before Darwin arrived at them by 
the inductive process. 

Dr. Edward E. Montgomery, president of the 
American Association of Obstetricians and Gyne- 

Dr. Eugene Lindsay Opie, pathologist of the Rock- 
feller Institute. 


Dr. William Owen, who reset the entire shaft of 
the tibia, preserving the periosteum, as early as 

Dr. Robert J. Preston, alienist and president of 
the American Medico-Psychological Association. 

Major Andrew Taylor Still, founder of osteopathy. 

Dr. Francis T. Stribling, prime mover in the organ- 
ization of the Association of Medical Superinten- 
dents of Institutions for the Insane. 

Dr. Harvey "W. Wiley, chief of the United States 
Bureau of Chemistry. 

Dr. Hugh H. Young, president of the American As- 
sociation of Genito-Urinary Surgeons. 

Among contemporary authors, writers and pub- 
licists and those of greater prominence in recent de- 
cades, all these being chosen arbitrarily, are :* 

Ednah Robinson Aiken. 

Archer Anderson. 

Joseph Reid Anderson, Jr. 

Marian Polk Angelotti. 

Robert A. Armstrong. 

Thomas Jackson Arnold. 

John P. Arthur. 

George W. Atkinson (supra). 

Joseph Glover Baldwin. 

J. W. Bashford (supra). 

Robert Bennett Bean. 

Mrs. Oliver H. P. Belmont. 

James Gillespie Birney. 

William Birney (supra). 

George A. Blackburn. 

♦Sketches of practically all these contemporaries now living 
are in "Who's Who in America." 


Andrew Alexander Blair. 

Francis P. Blair. 

Francis P. Blair, Jr. (supra). 

Alexander Lee Bondurant. 

Virginia Frazer Boyle. 

John C. Branner. 

Sophonisba Preston Breckinridge. 

Joseph M. Brown (supra). 

Oswald Eugene Brown. 

Alice Vivian Brownlee. 

William G. Brownlow (supra). 

Nettie Houston Bringhurst. 

Charles Neville Buck. 

M. B. Buford. 

James Branch Cabell. 

Joshua W. Caldwell. 

William A. Carruthers. 

Charles Catlett. 

William Estabrook Chancellor. 

Dwight Lancelot Clarke. 

Arthur St. Clair Colyar (supra). 

0. W. Coursey. 

Charles L. Coyner. 

John Grant Crabbe. 

Hardin Craig. 

Ingi-.m Crockett. 

Samuel McChord Crothers. 

Charles W. Dabney. 

Olive Tilford Dargan. 

Maria Thompson Daviess. 

E. L. Dohoney. 

Fanny Casseday Duncan. 

Lucille Eaves. 


John B. Ellis. 

William Eastin English (supra). 

William H. English (supra). 

Harry Fishburne Estill. 

Fayette Clay Ewing, 

Finis Ewiri . 

Quincy Ewing. 

Claude N. Feamster. 

John Finley. 

George Burnam Foster. 

Jessie Benton Fremont. 

Preston Gibson. 

Ellen Glasgow. 

Albert Gleaves (supra). 

Albert V. Goodpasture. 

John Ridley Goodpasture. 

John Temple Graves. 

Charles Wilson Greene. 

Hiram Hadley. 

James A. Hadley (supra). 

John P. Hale. 

Will N. Harben. 

Samuel Hodge. 

Moses Drury Hoge. 

Peyton Harrison Hoge. 

Addison Hogue. 

Elijah Embree Hoss. 

George Maxwell Howe. 

Robert M. Hughes. 

Walter Hulliheu. 

Mary Gay Humphreys. 

Milton Wylie Humphreys. 

Anne Bachman Hyde. 


Ail am Rankin Johnson (supra) 
Mary Johnston. 
William Preston Johnston. 
Willis M. Kemper. 
Eleanor Talbot Kinkead. 
Elizabeth Shelby Kinkead. 
John Hollaclay Latane. 
Samuel Allan Lattemore. 
Mary Lewis. 
John Leyburn. 
Louisa Preston Looney. 
Cleland Boyd McAfee. 
Joseph Ernest McAfee. 
Addams S. McAllister. 
Joseph T. McAllister. 
Mary Greenway McClellan. 
Medill McCormick (supra). 
James Edward McCulloch. 
Ben Frederick McCutcheon. 
John T. McCutcheon. 
Robert Barr McCutcheon. 
Robert McNutt McElroy. 
John Berry McFerrin. 
Lanier McKee. 
Joseph W. McSpadden. 
William H. Marquess. 
Nelly Nichol Marshall. 
Lannie Haynes Martin. 
Paul Matthews. 
Maud L. Merrimon. 
Benjamin C. Moomaw. 
Edward A. Moore. 
Thomas A. Morris. 


Mrs. Jennie C. Morton. 

Ehrman Syme Nadal. 

Cleophas Cisney O'Harra. 

Sallie M. O'Malley. 

Stuart Olivier. 

John Shelton Patton. 

John G. Paxton. 

William M. Paxton. 

William David Pence. 

John Robertson Pepper. 

John Lewis Peyton. 

Sarah Morgan Bryan Piatt. 

Hannah Daviess Pittman. 

Alexander White Pitzer. 

Melville Davisson Post. 

Frank J. Price. 

Samuel Woodson Price (supra). 

William T. Price. 

John Rankin. 

Junius Benjamin Reimensnyder. 

Violo Roseboro. 

Andrew S. Rowan (supra). 

Edwin Milton Royle. 

Henry Ruffner. 

W. H. Ruffner. 

Ripley Dunlap Saunders. 

T. J. J. See. 

William A. Shanklin. 

Luther Short. 

Charles Alphonso Smith. 

Egbert Watson Smith. 

Henry Louis Smith. 

Mary Stuart Smith. 


William Eussell Smith (supra). 

Almon E. Spencer. 

John Robert Sitlington Sterrett. 

Givens Brown Strickler. 

A. P. Summers. 

George Braxton Taylor. 

Oliver Taylor. 

Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens). 

John J. Tygart. 

James Isaac Vance. 

Joseph Anderson Vance. 

Sue Landon Adams Vaughn. 

Clara Peck Vawter. 

Francis P. Venable. 

Charles Edward Waddell. 

Joseph A. Waddell. 

William English Walling 

Ellen Hardin Walworth. 

Benjamin B. Warfield. 

Ethelbert Dudley Warfield. 

Henry Watterson. 

George Armstrong Wauchope (name changed, 
idem sonens, from Walkup to its original form, 

Emma Siggins White. 

Henry Alexander White. 

Edwin Wiley. 

Harvey W. Wiley (supra). 

John Poage Williamson (supra). 

Alpheus Waters Wilson. 

Woodrow Wilson (supra). 

Hugh D. Wise. 

Mrs. Wilson Woodrow. 


Katlierine Pearson Woods. 

Thomas Lee Woolwine. 

Bennett H. Young. 

Bert E. Young. 

John Quincy Adams Ward, the American sculptor. 

Among capitalists and leaders of industry, besides 
scores of others, are the Alexanders of the Equitable 
Life Assurance Society of the United States, Oliver 
Beirne, wealthiest southern capitalist of his period, 
the Gays of St. Louis and Louisiana, greatest sugar 
magnates of the South at one time, the McCormicks 
of the Harvester trust, and James A. Moffett, acting 
head of the Standard Oil Company. 

Eminent Americans who have married women who 
lived in Augusta county prior to 1776 or who ascend 
in some line or lines to someone once resident in 
the county, the maiden name of such wife being 
parenthetical after that of her husband, are named. 
No special effort has been made to assemble these 
wives of Augusta county origin who have married 
men of distinction, this list having been hurriedly 
collected from my papers : 

Abraham Lincoln (Todd). 

Samuel Houston, President of the Republic of 
Texas (Allen).* 

*The repeated statements, once published, that Miss Mary 
Webb, who married President Rutherford B. Hayes, is a 
descendant of the Pack family, of Augusta county, are erro- 
neous. Her only possible line of descent from Augusta 
county would be through her Ware ancestry, of which noth- 
ing- is known by some of her relatives. 


John Caldwell Calhoun (Colhoun). 


Howell E. Jackson (Hardin). 

Stanley Matthews (Black). 


Edward Bates, Secretary of War, Attorney Gen- 
eral (Coalter).) 

John Caldwell Calhoun, Secretary of State, Secre- 
tary of War (supra). 

John B. Floyd, Secretary of War (Preston). 

Felix Grundy, Attorney General (Roclgers). 

Albert Sidney Johnston, Secretary of War of the 
Eepublic of Texas (Preston). 

William G. McAdoo, Secretary of the Treasury 

Peter B. Porter, Secretary of War (Breckinridge). 

Alexander H. H. Stuart, Secretary of the Interior 

William Wirt, Attorney General (Gamble). 


John E. Bacon, Minister to Uruguay and Para- 
guay (Pickens). 

Washington Barrow, Minister to Portugal 

Baron Gauldree Boilleau, Minister of France to 
Peru (Benton). 

Neil S. Brown, Minister to Russia (Trimble). 

Thomas G. Clemson, Minister to Belguim (Cal- 


TilgTimau A. Howard, Minister to Mexico (Max- 

Robert P. Letcher, Minister to Mexico (Robert- 

Thomas P. Moore, Minister to Colombia (McAfee). 

Baron E. de Nagell, Minister of The Netherlands 
to China (Calhoun). 

Alphonse Pageot, Minister of France to the United 
States (Lewis). 

James C. Pickett, Minister to Ecuador, Minister 
to Peru (Desha). 

James D. Porter, Minister to Chile (Dunlap). 

William Preston, Minister to Spain, Minister of 
the Confederate States to Mexico (Wiekliffe). 

Bellamy Storer, Ambassador to Austria-Hungary, 
Minister to Belgium, Minister to Spain (Longworth). 

Francis Thomas, Minister to Peru (McDowell). 

Harvey McGee Watterson, Minister to the Argen- 
tine Republic (Black). 

John B. Weller, Minister to Mexico (Taylor). 


Francis C. Armstrong, C. S. A. (Walker). 

James Franklin Bell (Buford). 

Judson W. Bishop (Axtell). 

Francis P. Blair, Jr. (Alexander). 

John S. Bowen, C. S. A. (Kennerly). 

Jeremiah T. Boyle (Anderson). 

John Buford (Duke). 

Henry B. Carrington (Sullivant). 

Thomas J. Churchill, C. S. A. (Sevier). 

Henry Martyn Cist (Morris). 

Francis M. Cockrell, C. S. A. (Ewing). 


Raleigh E. Colston, C. S. A. (Bowyer). 
Cyrus Ballon Comstock (Blair). 
Frank M. Coxe (McGavock). 

John Echols, C. S. A. (Caperton). 

John B. Floyd, C. S. A. (supra). 

Nathan B. Forrest, C. S. A. (.Montgomery). 
. John C. Fremont (Benton). 

E. A. Garlington (Bnford). 

George W. Getty (Stevenson). 

Charles A. Gilchrist (Walker). 

Wade Hampton, C. S. A. (Preston). 

Benjamin Hardin Helm, C. S. A. (Todd). 

Walter Howe (Dunn). 

John D. Imboden, C. S. A. (McCue). 

Alfred E. Jackson, C. S. A. (Taylor). 

James S. Jackson (Buford). 

William H. Jackson, C. S. A. (Harding). 

George D. Johnston, C. S. A. (Barnett). 

Albert Sidney Johnston, C. S. A., U. S. A., Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Texan Army (supra). 

William E. Jones, C. S. A. (Dunn). 

Stephen Watts Kearny (Radford). 

William J. Landram (Walker). 

Andrew Lewis, Continental Army (Givens). 

John A. McClernand (Dunlap). 

The 9th Duke of Marlborough, Sir Charles Richard 
John Spencer, K. G., P. C, British Army (Vander- 

Gideon J. Pillow, C. S. A., U. S. A. (Martin). 

Peter B. Porter (supra). 

Thomas Posey (Matthews). 

William Preston, C. S. A. (supra). 

Sterling Price, C. S. A., U. S. V. (Head). 


Charles Maule Ramsey, British Army (Garrison). 

Benjamin P. Runkle (McMicken). 

William Russell (Adams). 

John Sevier (Sherrill). 

Charles M. Shelley, C. S. A. (MeConnell). 

Green Clay Smith (Duke). 

John Dunlap Stevenson (Letcher). 

Alexander M. Stout (Singleton). 

Gates P. Thruston (Hamilton). 

James A. Walker, C. S. A. (Poage). 

Frederick King Ward (Dunn). 

Gabriel C. Wharton, C. S. A. (Radford). 

Samuel Marmaduke Whitside (McGavock). 

John S. Williams, C. S. A. (Harrison). 

James A. Williamson (Gregory). 

Warner B. Bayley (Williamson). 
Albert Kautz (Hemphill). 
S. P. Lee (Blair). 

Thomas H. Benton, Missouri (McDowell). 
Joseph C. S. Blackburn, Kentucky (Graham). 
William 0. Bradley, Kentucky (Duncan). 
William James Bryan, Florida (Allan). 
John Caldwell Calhoun, South Carolina (supra) 
Johnson N. Camden, Kentucky (Hart). 
Alexander Campbell, Ohio (Dunlap). 
Francis M. Cockrell, Missouri (supra). 
Alexander Dixon, Kentucky (Bullitt). 
John C. Fremont, California (supra). 
Felix Grundy, Tennessee (supra). 
Wade Hampton, South Carolina (supra). 


Martin D. Hardin, Kentucky (Logan). 
"William Harper, South Carolina (Gamble). 
Frank Hereford, West Virginia (Caperton). 
Howell E. Jackson, Tennessee (supra). 
Spencer Jarnagin, Tennessee (Kinder). 
John W. Johnston, Virginia (Floyd). 
John F. Lewis, Virginia (Sheffey). 
William Logan, Kentucky (Wallace). 
Stanley Matthews, Ohio (supra). 
Andrew Moore, Virginia (Reid). 
Lee Slater Overman, North Carolina (Merrimon). 
Isaac S. Pennybacker, Virginia (Dyer). 
Thomas Posey, Louisiana (supra). 
William C. Preston, South Carolina (Coalter). 
Samuel Price, West Virginia (Stuart). 
John Knight Shields, Tennessee (Fulkerson). 
Robert L. Taylor, Tennessee (St. John). 
Joseph Rogers Underwood, Kentucky (Trotter). 
George Graham Vest, Missouri, Confederate States 
Senator from Missouri (Sneed). 
John B. Weller, California (supra). 
Hugh Lawson White, Tennessee (Carrick). 
John S. Williams, Kentucky (supra). 


Lilburn W. Boggs, Missouri (Boone). 
William 0. Bradley, Kentucky (supra). 
Thomas E. Bramlette, Kentucky (Graham). 
Neil S. Brown, Tennessee (supra). 
William H. Cabell, Virginia (Gamble). 
David Campbell, Virginia (Campbell). 
Stephen F. Chadwick, Oregon (Smith). 
Thomas J. Churchill, Arkansas (supra). 


William Clark, Missouri Territory (Kennerly). 
Rufus W. Cobb, Alabama (McClung). 
John I. Cox, Tennessee (Butler). 
George L. Curry, Oregon Territory (Boone). 
Joseph Desha, Kentucky (Bledsoe). 
James Philip Eagle, Arkansas (Oldham). 
John Floyd, Virginia (Preston). 
John B. Floyd, Virginia (supra). 
John C. Fremont, Arizona Territory (supra). 
Hamilton R. Gamble, Missouri (Coalter). 
George R. Gilmer, Georgia (Grattan). 
"Wade Hampton, South Carolina (supra). 
D. W. Jones, Arkansas (Hadley). 
John Letcher, Virginia (Holt). 
Robert P. Letcher, Kentucky (supra). 
James McDowell, Virginia (Preston). 
Fayette McMullen, Washington Territory 
George Madison, Kentucky (Smith). 
Albert S. Marks, Tennessee (Davis). 
George Matthews, Georgia (Cunningham, Paul). 
A. P. Morehouse, Missouri (McFadin). 
Patrick Noble, South Carolina (Bonneau). 
Emmett O'Neall, Alabama (Kirkman). 
L. E. Parsons, Alabama (Chrisman). 
James D. Porter, Tennessee (supra). 
Thomas Posey, Indiana Territory (supra). 
Samuel Ralston, Indiana (Craven). 
James Brown Ray, Indiana (Gay). 
Archibald Roan, Tennessee (Campbell). 
John Sevier, Tennessee, State of Franklin (supra). 
Green Clay Smith, Montana Territory (supra). 
Robert L. Taylor, Tennessee (supra). 

R» 1G1, 


Francis Thomas, Maryland (supra). 
Allen Trimble, Ohio (McDowell). 
J. Hoge Tyler, Virginia (Hammet). 
John B. Weller, California (supra). 
Frank White, North Dakota (Haclley). 

San Francisco, May 15, 1917. 



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