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Full text of "Austin papers, October, 1834-January, 1837, volume 3"

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THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

October, 1 834-January, 1837 



EDITED BY 
EUGENE C. BARKER 



VOLUME III 



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PUBLISHED BY 

THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS 

AUSTIN 



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University of Texas Press 

Austin 



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PREFACE 

The American Historical Association in 1924 published the first volume 
of The Austin Papers (Annual Report for 1919, Volume II, in two parts. 
Washington: Government Printing Office. Pp. 1824). The documents in 
that volume extend from 1789 through 1827. The Association will publish 
in a subsequent Report the second volume of The Austin Papers, carrying 
the documents through September, 1834. This, the third volume, pub- 
lished by the University of Texas Press, completes the collection. It is 
to be regretted that all the material could not appear in a single series, 
but the generosity of the American Historical Association could not be 
extended to more than three thousand pages. 

The Austin Papers are the collection of materials accumulated by 
Moses and Stephen F. Austin in the progress of their busy enterprises 
from Virginia through Missouri and Arkansas to Texas. They consist of 
business memoranda, physiographical observations, petitions and memo- 
rials to local and superior governments, political addresses and proclama- 
tions, and much personal and official correspondence. Moses Austin 
illustrated in his own career the typical aspects of the business man in 
the Westward Movement; and Stephen F. Austin was, to a degree not 
approached by any other colonial proprietor in our history, the founder 
and the indispensable guardian and director during its early vicissitudes 
of a great American Commonwealth. The Austin Papers came into the 
possession of the University of Texas in 1901 by gift of the literary execu- 
tors of Colonel Guy M. Bryan, himself the nephew of Stephen F. Austin, 
who had had the custody of the papers during his life. 

In their entirety The Austin Papers are an absorbing human docu- 
ment, reflecting the life of the Austin family in Connecticut, Pennsylvania, 
Virginia, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas, and illuminating the 
social and economic history — and to some extent the political history — of 
the American frontier from 1789 to 1836. A review of the first volume 
declared that: "Beyond all doubt, The Austin Papers comprise the most 
significant contribution that has ever been made to the social history of 
the men and women who, to use Stephen F. Austin's oft recurring phrase, 
'redeemed Texas from the wilderness.' " 

In general, the documents explain themselves and each other, but a 
few words of introduction are necessary to put the reader in touch with 
the situation at the beginning of this volume. Austin had gone to Mexico 
in the summer of 1833 to present a petition for the organization of state 
government in Texas. This petition was denied, but other reforms were 

iii 



granted, and Austin started home in December, 1833. He was arrested at 
Saltillo and taken back to the capital. The immediate occasion of his 
arrest was an imprudent letter that he wrote to the ayuntamiento of 
San Antonio, advising it to head a movement for provisional organization 
of a state without waiting for the authorization of the government. No 
definite charge was made against him and he never came to trial, but he 
was kept in more or less rigorous confinement in various prisons from 
February 13 until December 25, 1835. The first three letters in this volume 
describe his experience during these trying months. On Christmas day, 
1835, he was set at large under bond not to leave the federal district. 
His final release, in July, 1835, came as the result of a general political 
amnesty law. 

While waiting for the passage of this law Austin busied himself with 
the affairs of Texas. He published his Exposition al Publico sobre los 
Asuntos de Tejas, which was designed to convince the authorities of the 
continued loyalty of Texas, and to some extent had that effect; and he 
developed a plan for the opening of a government road through Texas 
to Chihuahua. This road had for its immediate object the diversion of 
the Santa Fe-North Mexican trade from St. Louis and Independence, Mis- 
souri, to Texas; and for its ultimate object it probably had in view the 
establishment of indissoluble economic ties between Texas and the North 
Mexican States. 

There is evidence in Austin's correspondence during his last six months 
in Mexico that he then abandoned hope of permanent union of Texas with 
Mexico. He did not know when the breach would come; he wanted it to 
be delayed until it could be effected with little risk to Texas. It came 
much sooner than he expected or desired. On his arrival in Texas at the 
beginning of September — he had paid a flying visit to New Orleans after 
leaving Mexico — he found that the colonists had already called a Consul- 
tation to define the attitude of Texas toward the "reforms" that Santa Anna 
was effecting in the federal constitution. Austin threw himself into the 
task of making the Consultation thoroughly representative. JBefore the 
Consultation met, however, war had begun. Austin was called to command 
the volunteers, and laid siege to San Antonio. His management of the 
volunteer force during October and November, 1835, has been characterized 
by a competent student of military history as "a military marvel." From 
the command of the army Austin was summoned by the provisional gov- 
ernment which had been established to undertake, with William H. Wharton 
and Branch T. Archer, a mission to the United States. He was in the 
United States from January to June, 1836, stimulating sympathy and 
support for the Texans and trying to obtain from the government of the 
United States recognition of the independence of Texas. He and his 
associates were unsuccessful in winning recognition — mainly because of 

iv 



the stupid neglect of the Texas government to furnish them official infor- 
mation about conditions in Texas. Austin returned to Texas in June, and 
continued his efforts to obtain recognition until his death in December, 
1836. In August he had become a candidate for the presidency of Texas. 
He was defeated by General Houston, but when Houston offered him the 
appointment of Secretary of State he accepted — as he had accepted all 
the tasks that had fallen to him in the past fifteen years — in the hope of 
being able to forward the interests of Texas and its people. 

This is the story in brief which the documents in this volume tell. While 
the documents are primarily valuable for the biography of Austin, they 
illuminate the history of the Texas revolution and throw much light on 
contemporary conditions in Mexico and the United States. 

Eugene C. Barker. 
The University of Texas, 
April 15, 1926. 



CALENDAR 

Austin to James F. Perry, Mexico, October 6, 1834. Instructing Perry to take 
charge of his business 1 

Austin to James F. Perry, Mexico, October 6, 1834. Judicial procedure in 
Mexico. Vague charges against him make defense difficult, even if his case could 
get to trial. Rumored in Mexico that he has many enemies in Texas. Almonte's 
investigation of Texas may lead to its transfer to the United States — in fact, he 
believes that it will be transferred within two years , 1 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, Mexico, October 6, 1834. Slow progress of his 
case. Enemies in Texas and in Mexico, and the causes of their enmity. Loyalty 
to Mexico and benefits to the people of Texas repaid by ingratitude. Hope of 
relief in the rise of Santa Anna 6 

Ferguson, Jones and Company to James F. Perry, Philadelphia, October 7, 1834. 
Statement of account. Sorry Perry is going out of business. Hard "Jackson" 
times for past year. (Omitted.) 8 

Austin to George Fisher, Mexico, October 15, 1834. Thanking Fisher for favors 
and asking him to report to Perry arrival of Grayson and Jack with memorials 
in his behalf 8 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney, Mexico, October 18, 1834. Deeply grateful for 
mission of Grayson and Jack in his behalf. Asks destruction of a letter written 
October 6. Robertson Colony .1 10 

Edmund Andrews to James F. Perry, October 23, 1834. Concerning collection 
of insurance. ( Omitted. ) 14 

Joseph B. Heard to James F. Perry, Boston, October 24, 1834. Asking where- 
abouts of Samuel Maxwell. (Omitted.) 14 

J. P. Borden to J. P. P. and Gail Borden, Goliad, October 25, 1824. Description 
of the town. (Omitted.) 14 

Edmund Andrews to James F. Perry, October 26, 1834. Concerning collection 
of insurance. Wants a cook. (Omitted.) 14 

Central Committee to the Public, October 28, 1834. Opposing a call issued by 
Political Chief Henry Smith to form a state government. (Omitted.) 14 

Samuel M. Williams to Austin, October 29, 1834. Rejoicing at revulsion in 
Austin's favor. Local political differences 14 

James B. Miller to James F. Perry, October 31, 1834. Asking him to supervise 
the printing of the Central Committee's address to the public 15 

Thomas F. McKinney to James F. Perry, November 4, 1834. Enclosing draft of 
reply to "demagogues and scoundrels" 16 

Austin to James F. Perry, Mexico, November 6, 1834. Almonte's report on Texas 
has created favorable feeling for Austin. Reflections on his past policies. Faults 
of North American character 17 

Austin to James F. Perry, Mexico, November 6, 1834. Business instructions. 
Irresponsible publications from Texas injure him. Wishes harmony in Texas 22 

Election Returns, November 8, 1834. Brazoria vote for and against holding 
provisional congress at Bexar on November 15 . 23 

William H. Wharton to the Public, November 9, 1834. A card denouncing Austin. 25 

Henry Austin to James F. Perry, November 14, 1834. Encloses copy of an 

vii 



address which he drafted. Thinks unnecessary now to circulate it 26 

Henry Austin to James F. Perry, November 24, 1834. Jackson has been assured 
that Austin will not be harmed 29 

P. W. Grayson, memorandum of conversation, November — , 1834. Concerning 
Austin's part in insurrection of 1832 29 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney, Mexico, December 2, 1834. Advice concerning 
state politics 30 

Gail Borden, Jr., to John P. Coles, December 2, 1834. Surveying. (Omitted.) 31 

James F. Perry to Susan Maxwell, December 3, 1834. Reply to inquiry con- 
cerning her husband. (Omitted.) 31 

E. R. Wightman in account with W. G. Whiteside, December 5, 1834. Bill and 
Price List 31 

James F. Perry to Austin, December 7, 1834. Local political movements in 
Texas. Austin's enemies 32 

J. B. Miller to James F. Perry, December 10, 1834. Boarding school 35 

W. S. Parrott to James F. Perry, Mexico, December 24, 1834. Prospect of 
Austin's release on bail 35 

Ramon Musquiz to (Ayuntamiento of San Felipe de Austin?), Bexar, December 
26, 1834. Nominees whom Bexar is supporting for state elections. Suggests 
election of Williams to represent Department of the Brazos in State Congress. 
( Omitted. ) 35 

J. B. Guerra to Austin, December 30, 1834. Receipt for $240, payment for 
stamped paper used in preparing Austin's case for court 35 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, December 31, 1834. Released on bond Decem- 
ber 25. Favorable changes in situation of Texas. Political conditions 36 

Samuel M., Williams to James F. Perry, January 7, 1835. Political movements. 
Robertson Colony . 37 

William B. Bridgers to Gail Borden, Jr., January 9, 1835. Application for 
land. ( Omitted. ) 1 38 

Elisha Flack to Gail Borden, Jr., January 10, 1835. Surveying. (Omitted.) 38 

G. B. Jameson to Gail Borden, Jr., January 11, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 38 

John M. Austin to Austin, Montpelier, Vt., January 14, 1835. Claiming kinship. 
(Omitted, but see digest in text.) 38 

Samuel M. Williams to James F. Perry, January 14, 1835. Business notes. 
Going to Monclova and will not forget Austin's enemies and his own . :. 38 

James F. Perry to Lastraps and Desmare, January 15, 1835. Loss of goods on 
vessel. Insurance. Cotton crop • 39 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, Mexico, January 21, 1835. Expects to leave 
in, two or three weeks. Wants to remain only a short time in Texas 40 

Military Commandmant to his Superior, Bexar, January 27, 1835. Concerning 
movement of soldiers to prevent smuggling on the Lavaca. (Omitted.) 40 

J. M. Gutierrez de Estrada to , Mexico, January 25, 1835. Wants copy of 

land laws of the United States. Wishes to repeal restrictions against purchase of 
land by aliens. (Omitted.) 41 

Samuel M. Williams to N. J. Dobie, January 27, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 41 

Baker and Borden to James F. Perry, January 29, 1835. Asking assistance 
in establishing a press at San Felipe. (Omitted. See text.) 41 

David Silcriggs to Gail Borden, Jr., January 29, 1835. Asking him to choose 
a town lot. (Omitted.) 41 

Austin to James F. Perry, Mexico, February 6, 1835. Publication of his pamphlet 
has created good feeling. Trouble with Anthony Butler. Plans for the future 41 

viii 



Andrew Ponton to Gail Borden, Jr., February 13, 1835. Concerning land titles. 
(Omitted, but see text.) 42 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, February 14, 1835. Promoting a road to Chihua- 
hua through Texas. His Exposition has corrected false impressions concerning 
Texas. Robertson Colony. Opposition to territorial government for Texas made 
him enemies 42 

James F. Perry to Joseph B. Heard, February 15, 1835. Answering query con- 
cerning whereabouts of Mr. Maxwell. Merchandise. (Omitted.) 44 

John Rice Jones to James F. Perry, February 15, 1835. Wishes to sell his 
Missouri negroes in order to raise capital for mercantile business. Jones and 
Townsend. ( Omitted. ) 44 

W. Cave to Gail Borden, Jr., February 17, 1835. Report on surveying. (Omitted.) 44 

Ayuntamiento of Mina to Samuel M. Williams, February 25, 1835, asking for 
public documents belonging to the jurisdiction of that Ayuntamiento. (Omitted.) 44 

Ferguson and Hall to James F. Perry, Philadelphia, February 27, 1835. An- 
nouncing change pf firm name. Sending papers for Austin. (Omitted.) 44 

Austin to James F. Perry, Mexico, March 4, 1835. Improvements for Texas — 
mail routes and roads. Officials friendly. Social amusements 45 

Austin to James F. Perry, Mexico, March 10, 1835. Still detained by delay in 
passing amnesty law. Plans for furthering commercial advancement of Texas. 
Tariff exemption and trade with Chihuahua. Policy for Texas past and future 46 

Austin to Williams, Mexico, March 14, 1835. Delay in passage of amnesty law. 
Robertson Colony. Made enemies by opposing territorial government for Texas 
in 1833— Butler, Mason, Mexia .-. 49 

John Gordon to John P. Borden, March 16, 1835. Wants position to manage 
newspaper — the Texas Planter. (Omitted.) 50 

Reason Mercer to Gail Borden, Jr., March 17, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 50 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, Mexico, March 21, 1835. Amnesty law still de- 
layed. Enemies on account of opposition to territorial government. Review of 
relations with Robertson and the Robertson Colony 50 

G. B. Jameson to Gail Borden, Jr., March 22, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 52 

Ira R. Lewis to Gail Borden, Jr., March 23, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 52 

George M. Patrick to Gail Borden, Jr., March 23, 1835. Asking for field notes. 
(Omitted.) 52 

Thomas H. Brenan to Austin, March 23, 1835. Asking help getting titles for 
settlers on the Trinity River. Settlers in East Texas have confidence in Austin. 
(Omitted.) 52 

Military Commandant of Texas to his Superior, Bexar, March 23, 1835. Informed 
that colonists will not recognize customs collector, nor pay duties, and that they 
are arming even children to prevent troops being stationed among them. In past 
month 250 families introduced into Department of Nacogdoches and 10,000 souls 
in Nacogdoches and in Austin's colonies combined. (Omitted.) 52 

Henry Meigs to Austin, New York, March 26, 1835. Forsyth says nothing in- 
jurious to you reported (by Anthony Butler) 32 

Military Commandant to Superior, Bexar, March 28, 1835. Has subscribed for 
the newspaper issued at Brazoria. Does not trust the political chief at Bexar 
because he favors separation of Coahuila and Texas. (Omitted.) 53 

Austin to James F. Perry, Mexico, March 28, 1835. Instructing him not to sell 
certain lands 53 

W. Barrett Travis to Gail Borden, Jr., March 28, 1835. Concerning land claims — 
Montgomery, Stockton, C. C. Dyer, Stafford. (Omitted.) 53 

ix 



W. W. Hunter to James F. Perry, New Orleans, March 28, 1835. Flatboat trade 
from Missouri. Texas items . 51 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, Mexico, March 28, 1835. Hoping that Monclova 
will not start an insurrection. He is still detained in Mexico by delay in passing 
the amnesty law 55 

Bartlett Sims to Gail Borden, Jr., March 30, 1835. Surveying. Wants plotting 
paper. ( Omitted. ) 55 

Austin to George Fisher, Mexico, March 30, 1835. Sending copy of his Expo- 
sition. Affairs in Mexico 55 

Samuel M. Williams to Austin, Monclova, March 31, 1835. Governor and Leg- 
islature will petition for release of Austin. Robertson Colony business. Two 
thousand persons immigrated into Texas in January and February 56 

Samuel M. Williams to James F. Perry, Monclova, April 1, 1835. Giving news 
of Austin 58 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, Mexico, April 1, 1835. Civil war threatened. 
Texas must not participate. Instructions concerning fees claimed by government 
in first colony 59 

Joshua Nelson to Austin, April 2, 1835. Introducing Dr. Amos Pollard, who 
arrived in Texas December 23, 1833, and A. C. Holmes, who arrived in April, 

1834. Both want land. (Omitted.) 59 

H. L. Cooke to Gail Borden, Jr., April 2, 1835. Petition for land. In Texas 

since 1831 . ( Omitted. ) 59 

Military Commandant of Texas to his Superior, Bexar, April 4, 1835. Will try 
to prevent from going into effect the decree selling Texas land. Needs money 

and supplies for Indian war. (Omitted.) — - 59 

Martin Perfecto de Cos to Military Commandant of Texas, Saltillo, April 4, 

1835. Instructing him to keep informed of movements of the colonists. (Omitted.) 59 
Austin to Samuel M. Williams, Mexico, April 4, 1835. Is offered contract to 

deliver 300,000 pounds of cotton at Vera Cruz during next two years at twenty 
cents a pound. Fees in first colony 60 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr., April 8, 1835. Instructions to issue title to a 
colonist. Austin to pay all fees and receive half the land. Anderson Estis. He 
was with Austin "on his first tour above the mountains." (Omitted.)... 60 

S. Rhoads Fisher to Gail Borden, Jr., April 9, 1835. Concerning land which he 
wants to "clear out" of the office on shares. (Omitted. See text.) 66 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Martin Perfecto de Cos, Bexar, April 13, 1835. 
Reporting steps taken to observe movements of colonists. Has sent in two cor- 
porals in disguise and subscribed for the newspaper. Needs money. (Omitted.)..- 60 

John Rice Jones to Baker and Bordens, April 14, 1835. Claiming commission 
for subscriptions to the Telegraph and Texas Register. (Omitted.) 61 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Captain Antonio Tenorio, Bexar, April 14, 1835. 
Asking for full report on state of public opinion in East Texas. (Omitted.) 61 

Frank W. Johnson to Gail Borden, Jr., Monclova, April 15, 1835. Political dis- 
turbances. Help wanted from Texas. Memorials in favor of Austin 61 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, Mexico, April 15, 1835. Condemning law of 
the state legislature for the sale of four hundred leagues of land. Advises calm 
aloofness from Mexican politics... — 62 

Elias R. Wightman to Gail Borden, Jr., April 17, 1835. Surveying orders and 
reports. ( Omitted. ) 63 

Bartlett Sims to Gail Borden, Jr., April 20, 1835. Land surveys. (Omitted.) 63 



Susan W. Maxwell to James F. Perry, Boston, April 20, 1835. Concerning dis- 
appearance of her husband and instructions for disposition of effects 63 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Martin Perfecto de Cos, Bexar, April 20, 1835. 
Enclosing letters from Tenorio at Anahuac showing need of reinforcements and 
supplies. ( Omitted. ) - 65 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Martin Perfecto de Cos, Bexar, April 20, 1835. 
Wagons which he sent to Copano to transport baggage of Battalion of Morelos 
detained at great cost by delayed arrival of troops. When may he expect them? 
(Omitted.) 65 

S. Rhoads Fisher to Gail Borden, Jr., April 21, 1835. Concerning three leagues 
of land on which he is paying fees for share in the land. (Omitted.) . 65 

Samuel M. Williams to Austin, Monclova, April 22, 1835. Cotton speculation. 
Application for bank charter. Thinks no fees will be claimed by state on lands 
in Austin's first colony. Improvements at mouth of Brazos 65 

Thomas J. Tone to Gail Borden, Jr., April 24, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 67 

Ira R. Lewis to Gail Borden, Jr., April 25, 1835. Introducing Mr. Clement 
of Mobile. ( Omitted. ) 67 

James Burleson to Gail Borden, Jr., April 25, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 67 

William K. Wilson to Samuel M. Williams, April 26, 1835. Desiring land 67 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Cos, Bexar, April 27, 1835. Governor has asked 
for 200 militia to sustain the government. Much uneasiness in the colonies. 
Wants reinforcements. ( Omitted. ) - 67 

Joseph Kuykendall to James F. Perry, April 28, 1835. Acknowledging a note 
and offering to pay in cattle 67 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr., April 28, 1835. Paying fees on certain land 
for share of the land. Benefit of Mrs. Holley. (Omitted.) 67 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, Mexico, April 29, 1835. Butler's machinations 
to injure him. Butler's unpopularity in Mexico. Does not understand Maxican 
politics. Nobody does; just waiting. The four hundred league law 68 

H. Meigs to Austin, New York, May 2, 1835. Conceals what Austin writes 
from all except the President and John Forsyth. Will leave no fair means un- 
tried to serve you 69 

William Hardin to Gail Borden, Jr., May 4, 1835. Land Transfer. Recites 
some history of his residence in Texas. (Omitted.) 69 

Henry Austin to James F. Perry, May 5, 1835. Efforts of land speculators at 
Monclova to prevent repeal of sales to them. Will create uneasiness in United 
States and check immigration. Texas jury trial unsatisfactory 70 

James F. Perry to Austin, May 5, 1835. General conditions in Texas. William's 
land speculations at Monclova 71 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, Mexico, May 6, 1835. Amnesty law passed, 
and hopes to be free soon. Butler's efforts to start rebellion jn Texas. Legislature 
discredited by speculations 73 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr., May 8, 1835. Land for A. C. Ainsworth. 
(Omitted.) , 74 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr., May 8, 1835. Land for David G. Richardson 
on which he pays fees and gets a share. Mrs. Holley. Loan 74 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr., May 9, 1835. Land for William Frampton 
on which he pays fees and gets share — "Cahoot." Mrs. Holley now a resident 
of Bolivar. ( Omitted. ) 74 

G. B. Jameson to Gail Borden, Jr., May 11, 1835. Land surveys and titles. 
(Omitted.) 74 

xi 



William W. Lewis to D. Comfert, Clinton, Miss., May 12, 1835. Agreement 
concerning land. ( Omitted. ) 74 

Israel McGready to James F. Perry, Potosi, Mo., May 11, 1835. Business and 
social letter. (Omitted, but see digest.) 74 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr., May 11, 1835. Land for A. J. Worthly on 
which he pays fees and gets a share. (Omitted.) 74 

Thomas J. Gazley to Gail Borden, Jr., May 11, 1835. Disputed land claim. 
Charles S. Smith vs. Harman. (Omitted.) 75 

Fayette Copeland to Gail Borden, Jr., May 16, 1835. Concerning a land title 
acquired from W. B. Dewees, who "does not stand fair among the old settlers." 
( Omitted. ) 75 

W. C. White to Gail Borden, Jr., May 17, 1835. Introducing P. T. Phillips, 
who desires land formerly granted to William Casper. (Omitted.) 75 

Jesse Bartlett to Gail Borden, Jr., May 20, 1835. Surveys. (Omitted.) 75 

Charles D. Sayre to James F. Perry. May 21, 1835. Appointing Perry executor 
of his estate and listing property — part of the property being "eighteen negroes." 
(Omitted.) 75 

Jared E, Groce, Jr., to Gail Borden, Jr., May 22, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 75 

Thomas J. Gazley to Gail Borden, Jr., May 25, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 75 

Ira R. Lewis to Gail Borden, Jr., May 30, 1835. Introducing Gentlemen from 
Mississippi who want land — Messrs. McKentzey and Hamilton. (Omitted.) 75 

James Kerr to Gail Borden, Jr., June 3, 1835. Subscribing to the Telegraph. 
Opposition to land speculations at Monclova. Death of DeWitt 75 

Philip Dimmitt to Samuel M. Williams, June 4, 1835. Land titles. (Omitted.) 76 

James F. Caldwell to Gail Borden, Jr., June 10, 1835. Land titles — estate of 
Henry W. Munson. (Omitted.) 77 

J. Gordon to Baker and Bordens, June 12, 1835. Concerning employment as a 
printer. Does not like to live at Brazoria. (Omitted.) 77 

Henry McDowell to Gail Borden^ Jr., New Orleans, June 14, 1835. Wants copy 
for a map of Texas more accurate than any yet out. Wants Borden to draw it. 
(Omitted.) 77 

J. G. McNeil to James F. Perry (about June 22, 1835). Land speculators trying 
to raise a storm. Must be stopped 77 

Henry Austin to James F. Perry, June 24, 1835. Effort being made to involve 
us in immediate revolution .' 77 

Bartlett Sims to Gail Borden, Jr., June 25, 1835. Land for Greenbury Overton 
and P. S. Brown. (Omitted.) 78 

Judicial Decree, June 26, 1835. Declaring that the amnesty law covers Austin's 
case, and releasing him from bail 78 

J. B. Miller to Public, July 1, 1835. Orders organization of militia and election 
of three delegates from each municipality to consult with him on August 1 79 

Edward Gritten to Colonel Ugartechea, Gonzales, July 5, 1835. Gonzales and 
Mina do not support the radical measures of San Felipe. Sane portion of Texas 
desires peace 80 

Benjamin R. Milam to Francis W. Johnson, Punto Lampazos, July 5, 1835. Re- 
counting political disturbances in Monclova 82 

Edward Gritten to Colonel Ugartechea, Gonzales, July 6, 1835. Colonists much 
excited by rumors, but sane part of the people do not wish a breach with Mexico. 
Assure them that the troops are not intended to attack them and they can restore 
order themselves — 83 



xn 



Edward Gritten to Colonel Ugartechea, Gonzales, July 7, 1835. Sending resolu- 
tions of Columbia disapproving the attack on Anahuac. Desire for peace 84 

Edward Gritten to Colonel Ugartechea, Gonzales, July 9, 1835. People peace- 
fully disposed and regaining tranquility, but would not submit to occupation of 
Texas by more troops than needed to guard custom houses and repel Indians. 

Would rather do this work themselves 85 

Thomas M. Blake to Gail Borden, Jr., July 10, 1835. Land. Has been in Texas 

five years. ( Omitted. ) 87 

Edward Gritten to Colonel Ugartechea, Gonzales, July 11, 1835. Party left 
San Felipe to attack Anahuac. All parties seem to be uniting on call of a 

convention 37 

Austin's passport, July 11, 1835. To leave Mexico and go to Texas by most 

convenient route 8ft 

Martin Perfecto de Cos to Ayuntamientos of Texas, July 12, 1835. Irresponsible 
men are stimulating discord in Texas. Purpose of sending troops to Texas: to 

maintain order and establish the custom houses. (Omitted.) 89 

Daniel Ayers to Gail Borden, Jr., July 12, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) « 89 

H. J. Offutt to Austin, Mexico, July 12, 1835. Transmitting by Austin money 

for payment on Texas lands. (Omitted.) 89 

Austin in account with Washington Hotel, Mexico, July 12, 1835 89 

Austin to James F. Perry, Mexico, July 13, 1835. Leaving next week by Vera 

Cruz or Tampico. Tranquillity in Mexico 90 

Edward Gritten to Colonel Ugartechea, San Felipe, July 17, 1835. Great desire 
for peace, but invasion will be the signal for union of all Texans. Nothing needed 

to restore tranquillity but to refrain from bringing in troops 91 

John Y. Wallace to Gail Borden, Jr., July 18, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 91 

Asa Brigham to J. A. Wharton, et aL, July 19, 1835. Strong for federal form 

of government but wants no war with Mexico 92 

S, Dooley to Gail Borden, Jr., July 22, 1835. Land 93 

Daniel Ayers to Gail Borden, Jr., July 22, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 94 

Isham Philips to Gail Borden, Jr., July 23, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 94 

Court martial of Tomas Garcia for desertion, July 20, 1835. (Omitted.) 94 

Sub-contractors of Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company to Santa Anna, 
New York, July 25, 1835. Petition for extension of contract to settle 1200 families. 

(Omitted, but see text for summary.) : , 94 

Charles Messer to Gail Borden, Jr., July 27, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 94 

Jefferson George to Gail Borden, Jr., July 27, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 94 

Asa Brigham to James F. Perry, July 29, 1835. Instructions as member of 

Ayuntamiento of Columbia. (Omitted.) 94 

W. B. Travis to Ugartechea, San Felipe, July 31, 1835. Apology for attack on 

Anahuac 95 

Thomas Jefferson Chambers to Ira R. Lewis, July 31, 1835. Judiciary. Quiet- 
ing the war party 96 

General Martin Perfecto de Cos to Ayuntamiento of Columbia. Matamoras 

August 1, 1835. Asks surrender of Travis for attack on Anahuac. (Omitted.) 96 

James Kerr to Ira R. Lewis, August 3, 1835. Describing action of a meeting 

at San Felipe and plans for restoration of tranquility 96 

Edward Gritten to James F. Perry, Bexar, August 4, 1835. Assuring him of 

Austin's welfare 97 

J. H. Money ot Gail Borden, Jr., August 6, 1835. Land for John J. White- 
si des. ( Omitted. ) . 97 

xiii 



Wily Martin to Ayuntamiento of Columbia, August 10, 1835. Transmitting 
Colonel Ugartechea's order for arrest of F. W. Johnson, R. M. Williamson, Travis, 

S. M. Williams, Mosely, Baker, and Zavala. (Omitted.) 97 

Minister of Relations to Ayuntamiento of Gonzales, Mexico, August 12, 1835. 
Acknowledging loyal resolutions of July 7 and promising attention to needs of 

Texas. ( Omitted. ) 97 

Daniel Yeamans to Gail Borden, Jr., August 15, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 98 

Benjamin F. Smith to James F. Perry, August 15, 1835. Thinks convention 

necessary for union, but opposed to convention at present 98 

General Cos to Colonel Ugartechea, Translation dated August 15, 1835. Order 

for arrest of Zavala. ( Omitted. ) 99 

Meeting at Columbia, August 15, 1835. Call for convention. (Omitted, but 

see text for reference. ) 99 

Resolutions for Nacogdoches meeting August 15, 1835. Statement of grievances. 

(Omitted, but see text for summary.) 100 

Austin in account with Hotchkiss & Co., New Orleans, August 10, 1835. Book 

purchases 101 

Austin to Mrs. Mary Austin Holley, New Orleans, August 1, 1835. Texas must 
become a slave state and ultimately ought to belong to the United States. Desires 

a great immigration 101 

Austin to H. Meigs, New Orleans, August 22, 1835. Introducing S. M. Williams 
and asking for him introduction to John Forsyth. Forecast of large immigation 

to Texas . 104 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams, New Orleans, August 22, 1835. Large immigra- 
tion will make Texas safe. Must stand aloof from Mexican politics — nothing to 
expect from either party — must grow strong. The New York companies should 

send emigrants 104 

D. C. Barrett to citizens of Mina, Bexar, August 23, 1835. Political advice. 

Means of reconciliation with Mexico , 105 

John Dix to James F. Perry, August 28, 1835. Payment for a horse. (Omitted.)— .107 
Horatio Allsberry to the Public, August 28, 1835. Mexican designs against Texas... .107 
Colonel Ugartechea to Alcalde of Columbia, Bexar, August 29, 1835. Urging 

him to prevent trade in arms and ammunition with Indians. (Omitted.) 109 

John Rice Jones, Jr., to Moses Austin Bryan(?), September 1, 1835. Political 

gossip and resolutions adopted by a meeting at San Felipe on August 26 109 

J. Antonio Padilla to Barrett and Gritten, Bexar, September 2, 1835. Sugges- 
tions for procedure of Texans, in case of military occupation of Texas 110 

Colonel Ugartechea to Political Chief of Department of Brazos, Bexar, Septem- 
ber 3, 1835. Instructing him to suspend land grants 111 

John R. Jones, Jr., to M. A. Bryan, September 3, 1835. Borrowing a Spanish 

book. (Omitted.) 111 

Benjamin F. Smith, et al., to Austin, September 4, 1835. Inviting Austin to a 

dinner commemorating his return. 112 

Wily Martin, et al., to Austin, September 5, 1835. Arranging escort of honor 
to accompany him into San Felipe. Note by Gail Borden on joy of the people 

at Austin's return 112 

F. W. Johnson to Austin, September 5, 1835. Considers Austin's return op- 
portune. Unity necessary for safety of Texas and Austin alone can effect it. 

Invites him to meeting at San Felipe September 12. Note by Gail Borden, Jr 114 

Inhabitants of Lavaca and Navidad to Austin, September 8, 1835. Welcome on 
return from Mexico 115 

xiv 



Austin to People of Texas, September 8, 1835. Reporting conditions in Mexico, 
Santa Anna's determination to abolish the federal system, and necessity of con- 
vention in Texas to enable Texans to determine on their attitude toward the change.... 116 

Bartlett Sims to F. W. Johnson, September 9, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 121 

Henry Austin to Mrs. M. A. Holley, September 10, 1835. Conservatives have 
been holding war party in check awaiting Austin's return. Will now know 
what to do 119 

Austin to James F. Perry, September 11, 1835. Asking for supplies to furnish 
bachelor quarters 121 

Governor to Political Chief of Department of the Brazos, Saltillo, September 
12, 1835. Notifying him of extension of the colonization contracts of Bernardo 
Gonzales and Vicente Filisola. (Omitted.).. 121 

San Felipe meeting, September 12, 1835. Resolutions on state of the country, 
endorsing consultation, and appointing committee of safety 122 

Austin to James F. Perry, September 14, 1835. Elated over prospect for union 
and harmony. Reasons for consultation 124 

Thomas G. Western to Austin, September 16, 1835. Congratulating him on 
return ...125 

D. C. Barrett to Austin, September 17, 1835. Opinion concerning Robertson's 
Colony 125 

J. W. Fannin, Jr., to David Mills, September 18, 1835. Plan to attack Mexican 
vessel 126 

Austin to P. W. Grayson, September 19, 1835. War inevitable. The crisis 
developed much earlier than he expected . 127 

Austin to Columbia committee, September 19, 1835. Reconciliation hopeless. 
Advises preparation for resistance 128 

Austin to W. D. C. Hall, September 19, 1835. War inevitable. Suggests raising 
a volunteer company 129 

Austin to Columbia committee, September 21, 1835. Informing it of measures 
for war 130 

Austin to the People, September 21, 1835. Instructions for organization and 
movement 131 

Martin Allen to James F. Allen, September 22, 1835. Suggesting a land settle- 
ment. Austin narrowly escaped death by accident . 131 

Asa Brigham to James F. Perry, September 22, 1835. Calling meeting of 
Ayuntamiento 132 

D. T. Fitchett to James F. Perry, September 22, 1835. Movement of Mexican 
troops 132 

W. B. Travis to Austin, September 22, 1835. Wishes him to settle uncertainty 
about meeting place of convention. Destiny of Texas in Austin's hands 133 

Committee of San Augustine to -Committee of San Felipe, September 22, 1835. 
Favor convention at Washington, with seven uninstructed delegates. Advise 
negotiations for peace with Indians 134 

Eli Mercer to Austin, September 23, 1835. The people believe that Austin 
can manage their affairs better than they could for themselves 135 

William P. Harris and John W. Moore to Austin, September 23, 1835. Organizing 
for resistance _ 135 

Zacharie and Company to Austin, New Orleans, September 23, 1835. Asking 
Austin to help collect for W. S. Parrott from Dr. James Grant. (Omitted.) ...136 

James Whiteside to S. H. Jack, September- 25, 1835. Concerning a draft on 
Austin. (Omitted.) 136 

XV 



Gonzales Committee of Safety to , September 25, 1835. Asking 

assistance in holding a cannon which Colonel Ugartechea demands 136 

Resolutions of Committee of Matagorda, September 26, 1835. Endorsing address 
of the San Felipe Committee of September 19. (Omitted, but see text for sum- 
mary. ) 137 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney, September 26, 1835. Reasons for favoring war. 
Urges union and harmony 137 

L. F. Linn to W. C. Carr, St. Louis, September 28, 1835. Testimonial to 
Austin's character 138 

Austin to the People of Texas, September 29, 1835. Endorsing refusal of Gon- 
zales to surrender cannon 139 

H. Meigs to Austin, New York, September 29, 1835. United States looking 
to your cause with great interest 140 

T. S. Saul to Captain Hoxie, September 29, 1835. People moving from Gonzales 
in expectation of war 140 

Austin to James F. Perry, September 30, 1835. Must maintain his bachelor 
establishment: "The formation of a government (perhaps of a nation) is to be 
sketched out." Order for supplies 140 

Matagorda Committee to Austin, September 30, 1835. Approve Austin's advice. 
Movements of a Mexican vessel trying to land munitions 142 

Matagorda Committee Resolutions, September 30, 1835. Approving certain plans 
and recommending precautions against a slave insurrection . 143 

Jesse Bartlett to Gail Borden, Jr., September 30, 1835. Surveying. (Omitted.) 144 

Edward Gritten to Ira R. Lewis, Bexar, October 1, 1835. Concerning demand 
for cannon at Gonzales. Colonists must be united to win 144 

J. B. Chance to Austin, October 1, 1835. Receipts. (Omitted.) 145 

Austin to A. J. Harris, October 1, 1835. Forwarding certain copies. Calling 
for formation of a central executive committee 145 

William S. Fisher to Austin, October 3, 1835. Military movement at Gonzales ....146 

Austin to the People, October 3, 1835. Showing that war in defense of con- 
stitutional rights is inevitable 147 

Austin to James Kerr and John Alley, San Felipe, October 3, 1835. Volunteers 
concentrating at Gonzales. Some still refuse to believe that Cos is in Texas. 
Plans for campaign 152 

Colonel Ugartechea to Austin, Bexar, October 4, 1835. Urging him to use his 
influence to quiet the colonists and induce them to surrender the cannon at Gon- 
zales 153 

Edward Gritten to Alcalde of Gonzales, Bexar, October 4, 1835. Introducing 
a courier with letters to Austin from Colonel Ugartechea 156 

Thomas F. McKinney to James F. Perry, October 4, 1835. Efforts to safeguard 
elections to consultation 157 

Austin to Committees of Nacogdoches and San Augustine, October 4, 1835. 
Suggesting that muskets and volunteers be obtained in the United States. Object 
to drive Mexicans from Texas 157 

Austin to Committee of Harrisburg, October 4, 1835. A combined effort would 
free Texas of military despots, and the government would be unable to send 
other forces to Texas '- 158 

Austin recommends establishment of Post Office Department, October 4, 1835 ... 159 

Election return, Brazoria, October 5, 1835. Delegates to consultation 160 

P. W. Grayson, et al., to Austin, Gonzales, October 6, 1835. Urging him to 
join the army k 160 

xvi 



Austin to David G. Burnet, San Felipe, October 5, 1835. Urging unity. Begin- 
ning of movement for independence, but cannot announce it 160 

P. W. Grayson and others to Austin, October 6, 1835. Asking him to take com- 
mand of the volunteers 161 

Josiah H. Bell to Austin, October 6, 1835. Fears invasion by sea in which case 
coast would be defenseless and exposed to slave insurrection 161 

Thomas J. Pilgrim to Austin, October 6, 1835. Fears invasion by sea and 
slave insurrection 162 

Doctors William P. Smith, Thomas P. Gazley, et al., to J. H. Moore, October 7. 
1835. Offering medical service to army . 162 

Ugartechea to Alcalde of Gonzales, Bexar, October 8, 1835. Assuring him that 
troops have no hostile intention. Cos arrived yesterday. Wants the Gonzales 
cannon - 163 

Jose Antonio Mexia to Austin, New Orleans, October 8, 1835. Introducing 
Father Alpuche who goes to Texas "to breathe the soft air of liberty" 163 

J. Antonio Padilla to Austin, October 8, 1835. Joins Texas forces. Cannot 
live under military yoke 164 

G. M. Collinsworth to Austin, October 8, 1835. Attacking Goliad 164 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin, October 8, 1835. Notifying him of election to the 
consultation - 164 

Permanent Council to People of Texas, October 8, 1835. Describing the crisis.— 165 

Austin to Permanent Council, October 8, 1835. Instructions for collecting 
cannon and powder and lead 166 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 9, 1835. Efforts of the permanent council 
to fill his orders - , 167 

A. W. Radcliff to Lorenzo de Zavala, October 10, 1835. Offering to discharge 
any commissions in New York. (Omitted.) 168 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Thomas F. McKinney, October 10, 1835. Transmitting 
Austin's order for munition 168 

Austin to members of consultation, October 10, 1835. Transmitting resolutions 
of the army asking that meeting of the consultation be delayed until Novem- 
ber 1 168 

James Kerr to Council of War at Gonzales, October 10, 1835. Reporting capture 
of Goliad. Other movements . 169 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin, October 10, 1835. Efforts to fill his orders. Diffi- 
culty of publishing Telegraph and Texas Register because printers want to join 
the army . 170 

George Antonio Nixon to Austin, Nacogdoches, October 10, 1835. East Texas 
uniting to join you. Money sent to United States for arms and munitions. Efforts 
to win support of Mexican residents 171 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 10, 1835. Efforts to fill orders for cannon and 
munitions 172 

Bartlett Sims to Dr. Robert Peebles, October 10, 1835. Land. (Omitted.) 173 

P. W. Grayson to Austin, October 11, 1835. Notifying him of his election to 
command the "Volunteer army of Texas" 173 

Austin's Order Book for the campaign of 1835. October 11 — November 24, 
1835. (Omitted, but see reference in text.) 173 

Austin to San Felipe Committee, October 11, 1835. Movement of army. Asking 
for reinforcements 171 

John J. Linn to P. W. Grayson, October 11, 1835. Suggesting parole for Mexican 
prisoners. (Omitted.) 174 

xvii 



McKinney and Williams to Gray, October 11, 1835. Announcing arrival of vessels 
with cannon and munitions 175 

James Kerr to , October 11, 1835. Capture of Goliad 175 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, October 12, 1835. Importance of occupying Goliad 176 

Eli Mercer to Austin, October 12, 1835. Advises fighting from "the bush." 
Avoid open fighting 176 

Election Report, October 12, 1835. B. J. White chosen to represent Goliad in 
council of war at Gonzales. (Omitted.) 177 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, October 13, 1835. Glad Austin is elected commander. 
(Omitted.) 177 

William H. Jack to Austin, October 13, 1835. Glad of Austin's election to 
command. Opposes risking battle with odds against us 177 

Father Jose Maria Alpuche to Austin, October 13, 1835. Offers services. Has 
news from Mexico too important to write 178 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 13, 1835. Munitions on the road traveling 
fifteen miles a day 178 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 13, 1835. Report of supplies and munitions 179 

Benjamin F. Smith to Austin, October 13, 1835. Military condition of Goliad 179 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 13, 1835. Notifying him that Nacogdoches has 
elected San Houston to command forces of East Texas 181 

Benjamin Fort Smith to Austin, October 14, 1835. Great difficulty in getting 
men to stay and hold Goliad. Militia cannot be depended on to do garrison duty. 
Only their honor restraints them, and that in many cases "but a cobweb" 182 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 14, 1835. Stores and munitions on the way. 
Important to maintain permanent council 183 

R. R. Royall to Public, October 15, 1835. Passport for Deaf Smith, a scout 183 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, Goliad, October 15, 1835. Announcing his succession 
to command of the post. Suggesting capture of Lipantitlan. Sending certain 
Mexican volunteers to Austin . 185 

A. R. McNair to James F. Perry, New Orleans, October 15, 1835. Introducing 

a volunteer. Would join himself, but is disabled by yellow fever 186 

C. B. Stewart to Austin, October 15, 1835. Recommending Deaf Smith, who 
thinks he can induce Mexican cavalry at San Antonio to desert -. .—187 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 16, 1835. Members elected to consultation are 
hard to hold. Want to return home. Advises meeting as soon as possible. Indian 
policy — . 187 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 16, 1835. Necessity of arresting John A. Wil- 
liams with company of 58 to aid the enemy. Lacks authority 187 

John J. Linn to Austin, October 17, 1835. General attitude of the western coast 
country 189 

B. J. White to Austin, October 17, 1835. Confusion at Goliad. Slave rising 

on the Brazos. Indians 190 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 17, 1835. Acknowledging arrival of three officers 
captured at Goliad. (Omitted.) 190 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 18, 1835. Activities of the permanent council. 
Rangers. Negotiations with Indians. Supplies and reinforcements 191 

General Martin Perfecto de Cos to Austin, Bexar, October 18, 1835. Declining 
to receive a commissioner under a white flag. Insists that Texan forces must dis- 
band and communicate with him in form of petition. (Omitted, but see text.) 192 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 19, 1835. Concerning arrest of Williams, a tory. 
Consultation 193 

xviii 



Peter J. Menard to R. R. Royall, October 19, 1835. Advising arrest of John A. 
Williams and John M. Smith, tories . i 193 

J, W. Collins to Austin, New Orleans, October 20, 1835. Introducing Robert 
C. Morris, a trained soldier. Has served five or six years in the Louisiana Guard. 
(Omitted.) J . I 194 

J. A. Nixon to Austin, Nacogdoches, October 20, 1835. Movement of volunteers. 
Supplies. Mexicans don't understand "the business" 191 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, October 20, 1835. Information obtained from a de- 
serter from Bexar. Conditions in interior of Mexico 194 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, October 20, 1835. Mexican liberals 
looking to Texas to save federal system. He and Mexia trying to fit out an ex- 
pedition against Tampico or Matamoras. (Omitted.) 196 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 20, 1835. Transmitting letter from Nacogdoches 
showing efforts to forward supplies and men 196 

L. R. Kenny to Austin, New Orleans, October 20, 1835. Urging firmness and 
union and offering services 196 

James Ramage to Austin, New Orleans, October 21, 1835. Great activity in 
behalf of Texas. Important to declare for Constitution of 1824 ■ 197 

J. M. Guerra to General Cos, Matamoras, October 21, 1835. Notifying him of 
military supplies. ( Omitted. ) 199 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 21, 1835. Pressing problem of finding revenue 
to meet demands made on permanent council. Zavala advises tariff 199 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, Goliad, October 21, 1835. Sending information de- 
rived from a Mexican from Bexar. ± 201 

Thomas F. McKinney to James F. Perry, October 22, 1835. Returning a boy 
[Slave?]. (Omitted.) 202 

Bowie and Fannin to Austin, October 22, 1835. Reporting situation of Bexar 202 

Austin to the army, October 23, 1835. Address 204 

Bowie and Fannin to Austin, October 23, 1835. Reporting a reconnoissance of 
the missions below Bexar 205 

Bowie and Fannin to Austin, October 24, 1835. Reporting a skirmish, asking 
for supplies, and suggesting a plan of operation 206 

Bowie and Fannin to Austin, October 24, 1835. Anticipating attack, ask rein- 
forcements -207 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, Goliad, October 25, 1835. Answering Austin's orders 
for supplies. Local conditions 207 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 25, 1835. Work of the permanent council 209 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 25, 1835. Efforts to forward large cannon 209 

Austin to Permanent Council, Camp Salado, October 25, 1835. Memorandum 
of procedure for the consultation 210 

McKinney and Williams to Royall and Borden, October 26, 1835. Recommend- 
ing use of privateers 21 1 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry, October 26, 1835. Opposition of army to return 
of members of consultation 211 

Austin to Permanent Council, Camp Salado, October 26, 1835. Plans for cam- 
paign, and need of reinforcements 212 

Edmund Andrews to R. R. Royall, October 27, 1835. Supplies 213 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, October 27, 1835. Karankawa Indians stopped from 
destruction of cattle. Has made a flag, which he describes 213 

James F. Perry, to Austin, October 27, 1835. Cheering news from the United 
States 214 

xix 



1 



R. R. Royall to Austin, October 27, 1835. Assistance from United States. 
Activities of the Permanent Council 215 

Austin to the Consultation, October 28, 1835. Reporting Battle of Conception ._ 216 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry, October 28, 1835. Describing the Battle of 
Concepcion 217 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 28, 1835. Circumstances have compelled the 
Permanent Council to assume large responsibility. Asks endorsement from mem- 
bers of the consultation in the army 213 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 28, 1835. Encouraged by reports from the front ...218 

Resolution of Permanent Council, October 28, 1835. Reporting obstructionists 
to the commander-in-chief 219 

List of stores sent to army, Goliad, October 23, 1835 219 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, October 28, 1835. Additional stores 220 

S. Rhoads Fisher to Austin, October 29, 1835. Sending letter from Gomez 
Farias. ( Omitted. ) 220 

R. R. Royall to Austin, October 29, 1835. Encouraging news from the United 
States 220 

Silas Dinsmore to Perry and McNeil, October 30, 1835. The Lavaca suitable 
for landing supplies while Goliad is held by the colonists. (Omitted.) 221 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, Goliad, October 30, 1835. Lack of discipline. Vol- 
unteers anxious to go to Bexar and some refuse to remain at Goliad. Military 
movements. Supplies ~~ 221 

R. R. Royall to Volunteers at Bexar, October 31, 1835. Urging them to remain 
in the field and promising stores and munitions 223 

George Huff to Austin, at DeWitt's, October 31, 1835. Wants escort for artil- 
lery. (Omitted.) 225 

Austin to Bowie and Fannin, Bexar, October 31, 1835. Instructions and dis- 
cussion. Plans for desertion of Mexican troops 225 

Bowie and Fannin to Austin, November 1, 1835. Report of a reconnoissance .. 226 

Austin to Bowie and Fannin, Bexar, November 1, 1835. Military plans 227 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin, November 1, 1835. Consultation taking steps ts 
raise money. Expense of publishing the Telegraph. Encouraging news from the 
United States .". 228 

Minutes of council of war, November 2, 1835. Voting not to storm Bexar 229 

Austin to Bowie and Fannin, Bexar, November 2, 1835. , Giving result of a council 
of war and suggesting plan of investment 229 

James W. Fannin to Austin, Bexar, November 2, 1835. Reporting result of a 
council of war 231 

Austin to Bowie and Fannin, Bexar, November 2, 1835. Ordering them to join 
his division 232 

Austin to Philip Dimmitt, Bexar, November 2, 1835. Giving information con- 
cerning conditions at Bexar 232 

John Fisher to Austin, Gonzales, November 3, 1835. Reporting excesses of 
volunteers from East Texas 233 

Austin to President of Consultation, Bexar, November 3, 1835. Urging dispatch . 
of supplies, organization of regular army, and appointment of a commander of high 
standing and recognized military ability 234 

Austin to President of Consultation, November 4, 1835. Repeating request for 
reinforcements. Success of present force great in face of handicaps. Need dis- 
cipline, and experienced commander 235 



XX 



L. Smither to Austin, Gonzales, November 4, 1835. Injuries and mistreatment 
suffered from volunteers from the East 236 

L. Smither to Austin, Gonzales, November 4, 1835. Same subject 237 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin, November 5, 1835. Procedure of Consultation. 
Suspending land business. Newspaper 238 

Austin to President of Consultation, Bexar, November 5, 1835. Advises letters 
of marque, organization of regular army, expedition from New Orleans against 
Matamoras. Send no more whiskey to camp 239 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, November 6, 1835. Preparations to receive volunteers 
from New Orleans 241 

W. B. Travis to Austin, November 6, 1835. Resignation as captain of cavalry... .242 

F. W. Johnson, et al., November 6, 1835. Protest against allowing Mexicans to 
gather corn 242 

Austin to captains of companies, November 7, 1835. Order to elect a major 243 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry, November 7, 1835. Desertion has nearly stopped. 
Austin has had trouble with aspiring men 243 

John P. Austin to Austin, New York, November 8, 1835. General interest 
throughout the United States and disposition to aid Texas. Meeting in New York. 
Land interest 244 

William H. Wharton to Austin, November 8, 1835. Resignation as judge advocate 
general 247 

Austin to President of Consultation, Bexar, November 8, 1835. Army will remain 
at Bexar. Austin hopes for appointment of competent commander 247 

Austin to President of Consultation, Bexar, November 8, 1835. Urging organiza- 
tion of civil government and establishment of army 247 

Proclamation of Austin, November 10, 1835. Announcing close investment of 
Bexar 248 

Governor Agustin Viesca to Austin, Goliad, November 11, 1835. Escaped prison 
in Mexico. Texas alone defending Federal Constitution of 1824. Wants to coop- 
erate and disprove charge made by Centralists that Texas is fighting for independ- 
ence. Dr. James Grant will explain his views. Complains of Dimmitt. (Omit- 
ted.) 248 

John J. Linn to Austin, Goliad, November 11, 1835. Party captured post of 
Lipantitlan on the Nueces. Governor Viesca there, and accompanied party here. 
Advises removal of Dimmitt from command because not tactful with Mexicans. 
Reception of Governor cool — Delivered by Dr. Grant. (Omitted.) 248 

Philip Dimmitt to Citizens of Goliad, November 12, 1835. Putting town under 
martial law. ( Omitted. ) . 248 

Edward Burleson to Austin, November 12, 1835. Report on execution of orders ...248 

Thomas G. Western to Austin, November 13, 1835. Tyranny of Dimmitt at 
Goliad — forwarded by Dr. Grant. (Omitted.) 249 

Roberto Galan (Alcalde of Goliad) to Austin, Goliad, November 13, 1835. 
Dimmitt's mistreatment of civil inhabitants. (Omitted.) 249 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, Goliad, November 13, 1835. His refusal to receive 
the Governor officially produced insubordination. General conditions 249 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin, November 14, 1835. Liberals in the interior cool 
toward Texas. Advises march on Matamoras ...252 

Austin to J. W. Fannin, Jr., Bexar, November 14, 1835. Instructions 253 

Henry Meigs to Austin, New York, November 15, 1835. Government of the 
United States cannot yet interfere in your behalf, but public opinion strong for 
Texas : 254 

xxi 



Henry Meigs to Austin, New York, November 15, 1835. Sent your letter con- 
cerning Indians to Washington J255 

Ira Ingram to Austin, Goliad, November 15, 1835. Asking to be transferred 
to another post. (Omitted.) 255 

Austin to Antonio de la Garza, November 16, 1835. Refusing to let civilians 
take corn and beans into Bexar 255 

Austin to Philip Dimmitt, November 18, 1835. Removing him from command 
at Goliad for failure in respect to Governor Viesca. (Omitted, but see text.) 256 

Address by Austin to inhabitants of Bexar (about November 18), 1835. Explain- 
ing object of the Texans. Supporting federal system 256 

W. D. C. Hall to Austin, November 18, 1835. Resigning as Adjutant and 
Inspector General 258 

Austin to Col. Jose Maria, Gonzales, November 18, 1835. Regretting Dimmitt's 
attitude at Goliad. Inviting assistance ...253 

Austin to , November 18, 1835. Supporting federal system. Regrets 

Dimmitt's coolness at Goliad. Need of local government 259 

Austin to Governor Agustin Viesca, November 18, 1835. Welcome. Texas needs 
local government 260 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry, Bexar, November 18, 1835. Military situation. 
Austin tired of commanding militia 260 

John J. Schuler, et al., to Austin, Carlisle, Pa., November 19, 1835. Company 
of 50 to 70 would go to Texas if expenses could be paid. (Omitted, but see text.) 261 

Robert Collins to Austin, Macon, Ga., November 20, 1835. Meeting of Texan 
sympathizers. Subscriptions and volunteers. (Omitted.) 261 

Robert Westcott to James F. Perry, Philadelphia, November 21, 1835. Intro- 
ducing Stephen Decatur Hurst, of military training. The Methodists in Missouri.. 261 

Austin to James F. Perry, November 22, 1835. Estimate of the army before 
Bexar. Plans for future 262 

H. Meigs to Austin, New York, November 22, 1835. Reply of Forsyth to Austin's 
letter concerning Indians 264 

William Hall to Austin, November 23, 1835. Supplies for the army 264 

William H. Wharton to Branch T. Archer, November 26, 1835. Declining mission 
to United States because he believes nothing short of a declaration of independence 
by the Texans will get aid from the United States .—.265 

Henry Meigs to Austin, New York, November 27, 1835. Public opinion doing 
much for Texas. Subscription to Telegraph and Texas Register 267 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry, November 30, 1835. Austin resigned command 
of the army. Conditions at Bexar 268 

Austin to Provisional Government, San Felipe, November 30, 1835. Views on 
subversion of Constitution of 1824. His policy has been to separate Texas from 
Mexican political squabbles by organizing local state government. Review of 
military history since October. Appreciation of the volunteer army 269 

Austin to Provisional Government, December 2, 1835. Stating Mexican designs 
on Texas and recommending a new convention to decide unambiguously on adhesion 
to liberal party or upon independence 273 

D. C. Barrett to Austin, December 3, 1835. Asking Austin's opinion concerning 
the calling of another convention 275 

Austin to D. C. Barrett, December 3, 1835. Strong statement of reasons for call- 
ing a new convention . 275 

Austin to James F. Perry, December 4, 1835. Preparation to go to New Orleans.- 280 



xxn 



B. R. Milam and Edward Burleson to Provisional Government, December 6, 
1835. Announcing beginning of assault on Bexar 280 

James P. Caldwell to Austin, December 8, 1835. Austin erred in appointment 
of staff. Army insubordinate 280 

Governor Smith to Austin, et al., December 9, 1835. Instructions to buy supplies. 
(Omitted.) 281 

Wyatt Hanks to Austin, December 9, 1835. Asks advice about creation of corps 
of cavalry. ( Omitted. ) 281 

Austin to the Mexican Liberals, December 11, 1835. Explaining objects of the 
Texans. (Omitted. For a copy, accredited to J. A. Padilla, see Gammel, Laws 
of Texas, I, 651.) 281 

Provisional Government to Austin, December 11, 1835. Expressing appreciation 
of his services. (Omitted. For a copy without the signatures, see Gammel, 
Laws of Texas, I, 652.) 281 

Austin to Provisional Government, December 11, 1835. Thanking it for resolu- 
tions, and advising organization of state government under Mexican Federal 
Constitution of 1824. (Omitted. See copy in Gammel, Laws of Texas, I p 657.) 281 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry, December 12, 1835. Fears Austin cannot 
stand the cold in the North. (Omitted.) 281 

Austin to Provisional Government, Columbia, December 14, 1835. Plans for 
cooperation with Mexican liberals. Important to abide by declaration of Novem- 
ber 7, and make no move toward independence. Recommendations concerning 
Mexia 282 

Henry Austin to Austin, December 15, 1835. Asking Austin to help him raise 
money in the United States _ . '. 284 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney, December 16, 1835. Popular attitude toward 
Mexican liberals too intolerant - 285 

H. J. Offutt to Austin, Mexico, December 15, 1835. Instructions concerning 
surveying in Texas. ( Omitted. ) 285 

Henry Smith to Austin, et al., December 17, 1835. Instructions to buy no outfit 
for Mexicans. (Omitted.) 285 

Thomas F. McKinney to Austin, December 17, 1835. Expressing violent oppo- 
sition to independence 286 

Austin to J. F. Perry, December 17, 1835. Statement concerning the eleven 
league grants that he bought in 1832. Other property. Business instructions to 
Perry 286 

Austin to [Perry], December 18, 1835. Statement concerning J. E. B. Austin's 
estate 287 

G, W. Lovelace to Austin, December 18, 1835. Asking payment of a note 288 

Henry Smith to Austin, et al., December 20, 1835. Introducing Charles E. Haw- 
kins for position in the navy. (Omitted.) 288 

Asa Brigham to James F. Perry, December 20, 1835. Notifying him of election 
to the Ayuntamiento of Columbia. (Omitted.) 288 

John W. Dorsey to Austin, Liberty, Md., December 22, 1835. Asking appoint- 
ment and pay as surgeon in Texas army. (Omitted.) 289 

Austin to F. W. Johnson, et al., December 22, 1835. Urging strict adherence 
to the Mexican Federal Union. Independence would entail maintenance of stand- 
ing army 289 

Austin to Provisional Government, Velasco, December 22, 1835. Urging organi- 
zation of government in conformity with declaration of November 7. Importance 
of keeping confidence of Mexican liberals 290 

xxiii 



Anson Jones to James F. Perry, December 24, 1835. Accepting a patient. 
(Omitted.) 292 

Austin to R. R. Royall, December 25, 1835. Bitterly opposing methods used 
by Wharton and others to promote independence 294 

Austin to James F. Perry, December 25, 1835. Business instructions. Has 
confidence in S. M. Williams 294 

M. A. Bryan to J. F. Perry, December 30, 1835. Making certified copies of 

Austin's land titles 295 

Austin to Henry Austin, New Orleans, January 7, 1836. Favoring declaration 
of independence and explaining apparent inconsistency 297 

Austin to General Sam Houston, New Orleans, January 7, 1836. Advising and 
giving reasons for declaration of independence 298 

Austin to R. R. Royall and S. Rhoads Fisher, New Orleans, January 7, 1836. 
Advising declaration of independence 299 

Austin to Mrs. M. A. Holley, New Orleans, January 7, 1836. Describing the 
purpose of his mission to the United States 300 

A. Huston to Austin, Archer, and Wharton, New Orleans, January 10, 1836. 
Request for military stores 301 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Henry Smith, New Orleans, January 10, 1836. 
Announcing loan to Texas secured by public lands and advising early declaration 
of independence. (Omitted, but see text for reference.) 303 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Smith, New Orleans, January 10, 1836. Report- 
ing appointment of commander for Schooner Liberty. (Omitted, but see text.)—. 303 

George R. Robertson to United States legation at Mexico, Tampico, January 14, 
1836. Concerning trial and execution of captured men — Mexia's Tampico Expedi- 
tion. See text. (Omitted.) 303 

A. J. Yates to Austin, Archer and Wharton, New Orleans, January 14, 1836. 
Asking authority to purchase a steamboat for Texas, and to enlist "passengers." 
(Omitted, but see text.) . 303 

Austin and Wharton to Smith, New Orleans, January 14, 1836. Copy of in- 
structions to William Bryan, General Agent for Texas 303 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Edward Hall, New Orleans, January 14, 1836. 
Appointing him purchasing agent for Texas 304 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney, New Orleans, January 16, 1836. Advises dec- 
laration of independence ." — .304 

Austin to D. C. Barrett, New Orleans, January 17, 1836. Advising declaration 
of independence and giving reasons 305 

Austin to Gail Borden, Jr., New Orleans, January 18, 1836. Opinion in United 
States insists on independence. Drawing for a flag 306 

Austin to James F. Perry, New Orleans, January 18, 1836. Necessary to declare 
independence. Loans effected 307 

William W. Lea to William H. Wharton, Eaton, Tenn., January 18, 1836. 
Proposals to raise corps of volunteers 307 

J. E. Savage to Austin, Archer, and Wharton, New Orleans, January 18, 1836. 
Proposal to bring! emigrants from England to support Texan struggle in return for 
land. Can obtain 1,000 families by October. Will land in New Orleans, and 
Texas is to pay expenses from the day of landing there until they arrive in Texas. 
The writer requests military rank without pay. (Omitted.) 308 

Austin and Archer to T. D. Owings, New; Orleans, January 18, 1836. Accepting 
offer of a regiment of volunteers, and explaining objects of the Texans. (Omitted, 
but see text.) 308 

xxiv 



Austin and Archer to Smith, New Orleans, January 20, 1836. Report of work 
of the commission. Urging declaration of independence. (Omitted, but see text.) 300 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney, New Orleans, January 21, 1836. Loans effected. 
Urges independence and harmony at home 308 

W. Richardson to Austin, New Orleans, January 21, 1836. Order for medical 
supplies 310 

Financial statement of Austin, Archer, and Wharton, January 21, 1836 310 

Austin and Archer to William Bryan, New Orleans, January 24, 1836. Instruct- 
izing him to honor draft of A. J. Yates for $5,000. (Omitted.) 312 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to A. J. Yates, New Orleans, January 21, 1836. 
Authority to negotiate loan in New York or Boston — $500,000 for twenty years; 
interest payable annually, but rate not stated; mortgage on a million acres of 
land for security. ( Omitted. ) 312 

A. C. Allen to William Bryan, agent of the Texan government, New Orleans, 
January 22, 1836. Contract by Allen to sell schooner Brutus for $15,000 within 
two days after arrival from New York. (Omitted.)— 312 

Bank of Orleans to Austin, Archer, and Wharton, January 22, 1836. Concerning 
deposits. Will accept at par any moneys deposited in certain correspondent 
banks. (Omitted.) 312 

Austin to J. M. Wolfe, New Orleans, January 22, 1836. Appointing him to 
negotiate loans for Texas 312 

Austin and Archer to Governor Henry Smith, January 24, 1836. Authorize 
Colonel Owings to draw on William Bryan for $5,000 in payment of supplies for 
volunteers. (Omitted.) . 313 

Austin and Archer to William Bryan, New Orleans, January 24, 1836. Instruct- 
ing him to furnish supplies to order of Colonel Owings to value of $5,000. 
(Omitted.) 313 

Henry L. Webb to Austin, Archer, and Wharton, Caledonia, 111., February 1, 
1836. Will raise two companies of volunteers 312 

S. Rhoads Fisher to Gail Borden, Jr., February 9, 1836. Recommending Davis 
D. Baker for commission of major. Distinguished himself at Conception. (Omit- 
ted.) 312 

Austin to T. D. Owings, Nashville, February 12, 1836. Explaining bounty offer 
to volunteers. Attitude of Tennessee toward Texas. (Omitted, but see text.) 313 

R. C. Hancock to Austin, Archer, and Wharton [Nashville?], February 13, 1836. 
Introducing "emigrants." (Omitted.) : 313 

Austin to Henry Austin, Nashville, February 14, 1836. Great enthusiasm for 
independence of Texas 314 

H. J. Offutt to Austin, Mexico, February 15, 1836. Movements of Mexicans 
against Texas 315 

Austin to Mrs. M. A. Holley, Nashville, February 16, 1836. Great enthusiasm 
for Texas. Ladies of Nashville agree to arm and equip a company of volunteers.— 316 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Smith, Nashville, February 16, 1836. (Omitted, 
but see text.) ,- : 316 

Austin to Smith, Nashville, February 18, 1836. (Omitted, but see text.) 316 

Thomas F. McKinney to Austin, New Orleans, February 22, 1836. Cannot 
follow Austin in support of independence. Has lost all confidence in him 316 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Smith, Nashville, February 24, 1836. (Omitted, 
but see text.) 317 



XXV 



A Hotchkiss to Thomas H. Avery, San Augustine, March 2, 1836. Introducing 
Ira R. Lewis and T. J. Chambers who go to the United States in interest of Texas. 
Avery was at Natchitoches. (OrnittecT.) 317 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Governor of Texas, Nashville, March 3, 1836. 
(Omitted, but see text.) 317 

Austin to James F. Perry, Louisville, March 4, 1836. Harmony of the com- 
missioners. Popular opinion friendly in United States 317 

Henry Austin to James F. Perry, March 5, 1836. Advising Perry to send his 
family to New Orleans. Fear of Negroes and Indians. Military plans 318 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to William Bryan, Washington, March 31, 1836. 
Plans for raising funds. Capitalists awaiting action of the convention on inde- 
pendence 319 

Austin to J. M. Wolfe, Washington, March 31, 1836. Instructions for raising 
sympathy for Texas 320 

Henry Austin to Asa Brigham and J. S. D. Byrom (New Orleans), March 31, 
1836. Neglect of its financial agents by the government. Naval policy 320 

A. J. Yates to Austin, Archer, and Wharton, Washington, April 1, 1836. Report- 
ing purchase of steamboat 323 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Stewart Sewell (about April 1, 1836). Appoint- 
ing him Texan agent for Philadelphia. (Omitted.) 325 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton. Agreement authorizing each other to negotiate 
loans separately, Washington, April 5, 1836 . 325 

William H. Wharton to Austin, Washington, April 6, 1836. Party at Mr. Cal- 
houn's. Much enthusiasm for Texas 325 

Archer, Austin, and Wharton to Texan Government, Washington, April 6, 1836. 
Complaining of lack of official information and authority. (Omitted, but see 
text.) 326 

William H. Wharton to Austin, Washington, April 7, 1836. Reporting news 
from Texas 326 

James F. Perry to Austin, April 8, 1836. Fleeing before Mexican army 326 

Draft of letters to Nicholas Biddle, Philadelphia, April 9, 1836. Concerning 
Texan loan 327 

Austin to Nicholas Biddle, Philadelphia, April 9, 1836. Proposal for loan on 
Texan bonds 328 

Austin and Wharton to American Hotel, New York, April 11, 1836. Bill 330 

Robert T. Conrad to Austin, Philadelphia, April 12, 1836. Sympathy for Texas— 331 

R. M. Johnson to Austin, Washington, April 14, 1836. Does not know where 
to get money for Texas 331 

Austin to Andrew Jackson, et at., New York, April 15, 1836. Asking for a loan 
for Texas from surplus revenue of the United States 332 

Henry F. Evans to Austin, Snow Hill, Md., April 17, 1836. Offering military 
service. Served as lieutenant of light artillery in War of 1812. (Omitted.) 333 

W. P. Smith, et al., to Austin, Philadelphia, April 20, 1836. Inviting him to 
meet with Texas Committee of the city , 334 

Proceedings of a pro-Texas meeting at Lexington, Ky., April 20, 1836. (Omitted, 
but see text.) 334 

Proposals for a loan to Texas, New York, April 20, 1836 334 

Mary Austin Holley to Austin, April 21, 1836. Describing Texas meeting at 
Lexington, Ky. 335 

Henry Goold Shannon to General Vital Fernandez, Matamoras, April 22, 1836. 
Reporting movements from United States to Texas 336 

xxvi 



M. R. Wigginton, to Colonel Lewis, Louisville, April 22, 1836. Volunteers 
for Texas 337 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to A. J. Yates, New York, April 23, 1836. Suspend- 
ing purchase of steamboat . 338 

A. J. Yates to Austin, Archer, and Wharton, New York, April 23, 1836. State- 
ment of expenses 339 

Austin to William Bryan, New York, April 24, 1836. Complaining of utter 
neglect of Texan government to communicate with commissioners 340 

William Bryan to Andrew Mitchell, New Orleans, April 27, 1836. Receipt for 
brass cannon 341 

Austin to [David G. Burnet], New York, April 30, 1836. Statements of em- 
barrassment of commissioners by failure of the Texan government to correspond 
with them , 341 

Subscriptions to a Texan loan, New York, April ..„, 1836 342 

John Leadbetter to Austin, Archer, and Wharton, Philadelphia, May 2, 1836. 
Sending a contribution for Texas 344 

City Hotel to Austin, New York, May 3, 1836. Bill 34-1 

Austin to Senator L. F. Linn, New York, May 4, 1836. Appealing for aid for 
Texas from the United States 344 

Zacharie & Company to Austin, New Orleans, May 5, 1836. Selling eleven leagues 
of land in Texas for Father Muldoon 348 

John Martin Duffield to Austin, Wheeling, May 5, 1836. Transmitting informa- 
tion from Texas. ( Omitted. ) 349 

Lucas Van Buskirk to Austin, Seneca Falls, May 5, 1836. Asking how a company 
of "emigrants" can reach Texas from New York 349 

E. B. Birdsall to Austin, Fort Wood, N. Y., May 9, 1836. Sends Austin pro- 
ceedings of a pro-Texas meeting at Seneca Falls 350 

Austin and Wharton to A. J. Yates, New York, May 9, 1836. Appointing him 
to accept donations and to enlist "emigrants" for Texas 350 

A. J. Yates to Austin, Albany, May 10, 1836. Wanting Mexican Constitution of 
1824 and the revision by Santa Anna. Has large list of names signed to call for 
a meeting. (Omitted.) 351 

A. J. Yates to Austin, Schenectady, May 14, 1836. Good meeting at Albany, 
but strong counter current due to Van Buren politics. Could send 2000 "emigrants" 
to Texas on certain conditions ^...351 

Austin and Wharton to James Treat, Washington, May 16, 1836. Reporting 
capture of Santa Anna. Stop negotiation for loan; better terms now obtainable. 
(Omitted.) 353 

J. L. Joseph to Austin, New York, May 18, 1836. Easy to get loan in New York. 
Houston's victory confirmed. (Omitted.) 353 

William Austin to Austin, Lowell, Mass., May 18, 1836. Suggests diversion on 
west coast of Mexico. Asks terms for well manned privateer. People of New 
England will support Texas when they understand that it is struggling for repub- 
lican government and religious toleration 353 

[James Treat?] to Austin, Archer, and Wharton, New York (about May 20, 1836). 
Offering muskets 355 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton, May 24, 1836. Statement of funds received in 
New York 357 

Association for relief of Texan sufferers, New York, May 24, 1836. Donations.— 359 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to subscribers to a loan in New York, May 24, 
1836. Receipt for ten thousand dollars 360 

xxvii 



William H. Jack to Austin, May 27, 1836. Recalling him from the United States. 
( Omitted, but see text. ) 360 

William H. Wharton to Austin, Washington, May 28, 1836. Shocked to hear 
that Houston opposes annexation. Anxious to get home and talk to him before 
opinions become fixed. Present senate favorable to annexation and so is Jackson 360 

James Hamilton to Austin, Charleston, May 31, 1836. Introducing Barnard E. 
Bee. ( Omi tted. ) 361 

Mary Austin Holley to Austin, Lexington, June 1, 1836. Invites Austin to come 
and (encourage?) "emigrants." His flag painted on silk. Four hundred or 500 
men ready to go to Texas 361 

John M. McCalla to Austin, Lexington, June 1, 1836. Introducing Major 
Horatio Grooms. ( Omitted. ) 363 

Joseph Ficklin to Austin, Lexington, June 2, 1836. Commending his brother- 
in-law, Major Grooms. Served in War of 1812, under Colonel Anthony Butler. 
Selected by Texas committee for detachment from Lexington. (Omitted.) 363 

William H. Wharton to Austin, Washington, June 2, 1836. Account of a visit 
to Jackson 363 

A. J. Yates to Austin, Schenectady, June 3, 1836. Failure to hold meeting at 
Troy. War stores 365 

Joseph Ficklin to Austin, Lexington, June 4, 1836. Introducing two "emigrants." 
"Suit of colours" presented to "Texan emigrants" yesterday. Vast meeting of 
military of the city and citizens. (Omitted.) 366 

Edwin Bryant to Austin, Lexington, June 5, 1836. Executive committee has 
fitted out Colonel E. I. Wilson's force at cost of several thousand dollars. Volun- 
teers from Lexington and the northern counties of Kentucky. (Omitted.) 366 

Thomas Jefferson Chambers to Ira R. Lewis, Nashville, June 10, 1836. Concern- 
ing a negotiation. No details given. (Omitted.) 366 

Austin to David G. Burnet, New Orleans, June 10, 1836. Believes the United 
States will recognize Texas if officially informed of conditions. (Omitted, but 
see text.) 366 

A. de O. Santangelo to Austin, New Orleans, June 11, 1836. Receipt for sub- 
scription to Correo Atlantico. (Omitted.) 366 

R. Salmon to Austin, New Orleans, June 16, 1836. Reciting his work for two 
years past in furthering interest of Western New York in Texas. Many settlers 
wish to emigrate, and want land .366 

J. Delaup to Austin, New Orleans, June 16, 1836. Receipt for subscription to 
the Bee. .. ( Omitted. ) 367 

J. W. Collins to Austin, June 17, 1836. Bill Z 367 

List of supplies for Austin, New Orleans, June 18, 1836 367 

James Maya and Company to Austin, New Orleans, June 18, 1836. Bill 368 

William Bryan to Austin, New Orleans, June 20, 1836. Texan finances 369 

Robert Peebles to Austin, New Orleans, June 23, 1836. Mexican news 369 

Citizens of Texas in New Orleans to Memucan Hunt, June 23, 1836. Urging 
him to hasten enlistments for Texas. No signatures. (Omitted.) 370 

R. Semple to Austin, Williamsburg, June 26, 1836. Concerning a company of 
"emigrants" 370 

Austin to Henry Austin, June 27, 1836. Wants all who bear his name to remain 
in Texas pending the final struggle with Mexico. Requests copy of treaty with 
Santa Anna after San Jacinto 371 



XXV1U 



Austin to M. B. Lamar, Velasco, June 27, 1836. Ardent and universal interest 
in Texas in the United States. Official report of San Jacinto would have won 
recognition of independence from last session of Congress. Much harm done by 
treating with Santa Anna. Alarming reports of Mexican invasion 372 

Austin to M. B. Lamar, Velasco, June 28, 1836. Advises against mistreatment 
of Santa Anna 373 

James Hamilton to Austin, Charleston, June 28, 1836. Great interest of the 
South in cause of Texas. Will urge recognition on Forsyth and Van Buren 373 

William Bryan to Austin, New Orleans, June 28, 1836. Distress caused him by 
President Burnet's appointment of Toby and Brother to represent Texas 375 

Joshua Nelson to J. W. E. Wallace, July 2, 1836. Enlisting for three months in 
Texan army. ( Omitted. ) 376 

Austin to David G. Burnet, July 2, 1836. Plans of Santa Anna to secure media- 
tion of President Jackson. Advises discreet treatment of the army to avoid friction 
with Houston 376 

Austin to M. B. Lamar, at Bell's, July 2, 1836. Asking a conference. Important 
to decide something definite concerning Santa Anna 377 

to , Lexington, July 3, 1836. Congress will act favorably on 

Texas next session. Advice to keep Santa Anna a prisoner 377 

William S. Archer to Austin, Elk Hill, Va., July 4, 1836. Replying to invitation 
to emigrate to Texas . „ 378 

David G. Burnet to Austin, Velasco, July 4, 1836. Inviting Austin to conference 379 

Austin to President Jackson, Columbia, July 4, 1836. Suggesting that Jackson 
give Texas guarantee that Santa Anna will strive for recognition of Texas by 
Mexico if released. Santa Anna anxious to do so, but only Jackson's guarantee 
will induce Texans to release him 380 

Austin to General Gaines, July 4, 1836. Urging Gaines to occupy Nacogdoches 
to quiet the Indians and to guarantee fulfillment of the treaty of Velasco by 
Santa Anna 384 

Santa Anna to Austin, July 5, 1836. Sending a duplicate of his letter to Presi- 
dent Jackson 386 

John T. Mason to Austin, New Orleans, July 5, 1836. Resenting report that Jie 
is author of Edward's History of Texas 386 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, July 7, 1836. People opposed to release 
of Santa Anna. History of the Correo Atlantico 386 

S. B. Dickinson to Austin, Fayette, Miss., July 8, 1836. Advising how to obtain 
military and political aid for Texas- 388 

Austin to M. B. Lamar, July 8, 1836. Discussing the problem of Santa Anna's 
release 389 

Samuel Swartwout to Austin, New York, July 9, 1836. Hopes Austin will prevent 
release of Santa Anna. Credit of Texas low and loan can only be made on basis 
of land 390 

Austin to James Collinsworth and Peter W. Grayson, Velasco, July 9, 1836. 
Copies of letters of July 4 asking Jackson to intercede for release of Santa Anna. 
Understand that mediation must be on basis of independence of Texas. He and 
many others favor annexation to the United States, but that must follow recognition 
of Texan independence. Would not recognize sale of Texas by Mexico to the 
United States 392 

Austin's memorandum, July 10, 1836. Concerning letters to Jackson and Gaines 
and advice to Burnet 393 



XXIX 



John A. "Wharton to Austin, July 10, 1836. Asking for an appointment to 
see him , 395 

William Bryan to Austin, Archer, and Wharton, New Orleans, July 11, 1836. 
Asking for land in Texas. Credit injured by Texas cabinet 395 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, July 11, 1836. Thinks Jackson about 
to declare war on Mexico. (Omitted.) 396 

A. de O. Santangelo to Austin, New Orleans, July 12, 1836. Value of a news- 
paper published in Spanish to the Texan cause. Wants help in maintaining the 
Correo Atlantico. Forty years of "Revolutionary life in Europe and four in 
Mexico." History of the Correo Atlantico. (Omitted.) 396 

W. P. Hill to Austin, Hartford, Conn., July 15, 1836. Explaining cancellation 
of his authority to negotiate a half million dollar loan to Texas 396 

John A. Rogers to Austin, East Tennessee, July 17, 1836. Texas will be filled 
with volunteers if Mexicans invade again — thirty or forty thousand, and if they 
"start they will not stop in Texas." (Omitted.) „ 397 

J. B. Chance to Austin, July 17, 1836. Concerning payment for surveying. 
"Greate distress in having to run from our homes. . . . Campaign after campaign 
ever since last fall." Funds exhausted. (Omitted.) 397 

James W. Breedlove to Austin, New Orleans. Introducing Henry M. Morfit, 
Jackson's special agent to report on conditions in Texas. (Omitted.) 397 

George L. Hammeken to Austin, New Orleans, July 18, 1836. News from 
Mexico. Does not believe Texas will be invaded. (Omitted.) L 398 

George L. Hammeken to Austin, New Orleans, July 18, 1836. Application for 
land. Plans to introduce French grape growers 398 

Memorandum by Austin, July 20, 1836. Conversation with Archer and William 
H. Wharton, who urged him to become candidate for presidency 399 

Archer Austin, and Wharton to Burnet, July 21, 1836. Report of their mission 
to the United States. Financial statement ..__- 399 

William Bryan to Austin, New Orleans, July 23, 1836. Embarrassments caused 
by action of the Texan government 401 

B. T. Archer to John T. Mason, July 23, 1836. Concerning authorship of 
Edward's History of Texas 402 

Austin to General E. P. Gaines, July 27, 1836. Explaining motives of his letter to 
President Jackson, July 4. His devotion to Texas. Criticised for advising release 
of Santa Anna 403 

James Ramage to Austin, New Orleans, July 27, 1836. Texas free of danger from 
Mexico. International aspect of the situation 405 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, July 28, 1836. Giving encouraging re- 
ports from Mexico 406 

John P. Austin to Austin, New York, July 29, 1836. Conditions in Mexico. 
Texas dinner in New York. Reports of statements of Senator Preston concerning 
Texas 407 

James Treat to Austin, New York, July 30, 1836. Concerning Texan loan in 
New York 409 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, July 30, 1836. Mexican news. Asks 
for Texan consulship at New Orleans. Wants to move family to the Zavala 
Colony next fall. Importance of Correo Atlantico. (Omitted.) 410 

J. W. E. Wallace to Thomas J. Rusk, July — , 1836. Reporting Indian depre- 
dations. Cattle. ( Omitted. ) ._ 410 

John Merry to Austin, August 3, 1836. Wanting to buy land. (Omitted.) 410 

XXX 



General E. P. Gaines to Austin, Camp Sabine, August 4, 1836. No authority 
to guarantee Treaty of Velasco. Would use good offices if requested by Mexican 
and Texan military commanders jointly 410 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, August 4, 1836. Personal items about 
Fisher. Desire for appointment in Texan service. Mexican news. (Omitted.).— 411 

James W. Breedlove to B. T. Archer, New Orleans, August 4, 1836. Hoping that 
Austin will be elected president. (Omitted.) 411 

Austin to the Telegraph and Texas Register, Columbia, August 4, 1836. Announc- 
ing candidacy for the presidency 411 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, August 5, 1836. Opposed to releasing 
Santa Anna. Suggests plan for conquest of Matamoras and northeastern states. 
Importance of sustaining the Correo Atlantico. (Omitted.) 412 

Austin to Thomas J. Rusk, August 9, 1836. Explaining his attitude toward 
Santa Anna's release and disclaiming interest in Williams's land speculations 412 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, August 13, 1836. Opposition in United 
States to Texan blockade of Matamoras. Asking aid for the Correo Atlantico. 
(Omitted.) 415 

Austin to W. S. Archer, August 15, 1836. Offering Archer the office of Secretary 
of State if he is elected president of Texas. Wants his influence to work for 
annexation 415 

A. de 0. Santangelo to Austin, New Orleans, August 15, 1836. Announcing 
suspension of the Correo Atlantico and discussing the mission of the paper amd 
its sad history. Only seventy-one subscribers. (Omitted.) 417 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin, August 15, 1836. Telling Austin that people think 
he was implicated in land speculations 417 

Austin to Gail Borden, Jr., August (20?), 1836. Denies implication in land 
speculations, reviews past services for Texas. Became candidate by request, and 
in hope of serving the country. Personally indifferent whether elected or not— 418 

W. L. Hodge to Austin, New Orleans, August 22, 1836. Asking about William 
Hemphill of Philadelphia. Thinks possibly with Fannin. (Omitted.) 421 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, August 23, 1836. Services of the 
Correo Atlantico 421 

Samuel Ellis to Austin, New York, August 23, 1836. Texan credit in the United 
States low. Speculation has spoiled sale for land 421 

William McNair to Austin, New York, August 24, 1836. Asking information 
about his brother - 423 

Samuel M. Williams to Austin, New Orleans, August 29, 1836. Declaring keen 
regard for Austin's good name, denying that he has done anything to tarnish it, 
and suggesting that Austin's enemies are gaining his confidence to ruin him 424 

Robert Triplett to Austin, August 31, 1836. Misunderstanding concerning first 
loans to Texas. Able argument for the lenders. (Omitted.) 426 

Joseph Ficklin to Austin, Lexington, Ky., August , 1836. Popular attitude 

toward Texas despondent. Confidence in Houston. Santa Anna must not be 
killed 426 

Austin to James F. Perry, September 2, 1836. Thinks he will not be elected 
president. Instructs Perry to build him an office where he can wind up the land 
business 428 

James Morgan to Samuel Swartwout, September 5, 1836. Presenting him with 
Santa Anna's tent, in recognition of services to Texas 429 

Edmund Andrews to Austin, September 8, 1836. The body politic "only right 
by accident" 430 

xxxi 



William Henry Austin to Austin, Montgomery, September 9, 1836. Explaining 

why he has not gone to Texas. (Omitted.) . . 430 

Mary R. Harrison to Austin, North Bend, Ohio, September 13, 1836. Concerning 

a land claim. ( Omitted. ) L 430 

William G. Hill to Austin, September 17, 1836. Asking loan of Vatel's Laws 

of Nations. ( Omitted. ) 430 

Edmund Andrews to Austin, September 17, 1836. Sending supplies. (Omitted.) 431 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin, September 19, 1836. Concerning the land business; 

papers from Nacogdoches 431 

Zacheus Hamlin to Austin, New Orleans, September 21, 1836. A citizen of 

Massachusetts, he wishes to settle in Texas. Political advice. (Omitted.) 431 

Thomas W. Ward to Austin, New Orleans, September 24, 1836. Introducing 

Zacheus Hamlin. ( Omitted. ) 431 

William Stafford to Austin, Grand Gulf, Miss., September 28, 1836. His mis- 
fortunes in Texas. ( Omitted. ) 431 

George P. Digges to Austin, September 28, 1836. Reporting mission to General 

Gaines 432 

John Dillon to Austin, Zanesville, Ohio, October 4, 1836. Inquiring concerning 

iron works in Texas. (Omitted.) 433 

Thomas M. Duke to Austin, October 5, 1836. Asking for an office of "Trust 

or Profit," (Omitted.) 433 

William C. Preston to Austin, South Carolina, October 6, 1836. Introducing 

Benjamin Johnston. (Omitted.) 433 

Henry Austin to Austin, New Orleans, October 7, 1836. Low credit of Texas 433 

Henry Austin to Austin, New Orleans, October 10, 1836. Suggesting compromise; 
with Texas creditors. Texas in English parliament. Financial crisis in the United 

States - 434 

Israel McGready to James F. Perry, Potosi, Mo., October 12, 1836. Perry's 

business in Missouri. (Omitted.) 431 

Austin to S. M. Williams, October 12, 1836. Heartbroken because cannot accept 

Williams' explanation of land speculation 435 

George L. Kinnard to Austin, Indianapolis, October 12, 1836. Wishinjg Texas 

well. (Omitted.) - 436 

Thomas 0. Meaux to Austin, New Orleans, October 14, 1836. Concerning the 

first Texas loan in New Orleans. (Omitted.) 1 436 

Samuel Swartwout to Austin, New York, October 19, 1836. Introducing H. W. 

Robinson. (Omitted.) 436 

Nathaniel Cox to Austin, New Orleans, October 20, 1836. Concerning land and 

slaves of the J. H. Hawkins estate 436 

S. H. Everett (acting for Texas Senate) to Austin, October 21, 1836. Asking for 
copies of all Austin's contracts with Mexican state and federal governments, 

number of families introduced, and amount of land granted. (Omitted.) 437 

Austin to S. H. Everett, October 22, 1836. Engaged on report of his land 

business, which will take much time and labor 437 

Austin to James F. Perry, October 25, 1836. Santa Anna's visit to Washington. 

Expects annexation. Speculations of McKinney and Williams 438 

Fairfax Catlett to Austin, October 27, 1836. Seeking appointment in state 

department. ( Omitted. ) 439 

William B. Lewis to (Austin?), Washington, October 27, 1836. Giving Jackson's 
views on release of Santa Anna 439 

xxxii 



George C. Childress to Austin, Louisville, October 28, 1836. Expects Jackson 
soon to recognize Texas. (Omitted.) 441 

Sam Houston to Austin, October 28, 1836. Announcing confirmation of his , 
appointment as Secretary of State. (Omitted.) 441 

Austin to Joseph Ficklin, October 30, 1836. Conditions in Texas. Explaining 
why no more volunteers are needed 441 

Austin to Houston, October 31, 1836. Accepting appointment to State Depart- 
ment 444 

P. W. Grayson to Austin, Louisville, November 3, 1836. Thinks Jackson will 
delay recognition of Texas. Embarrassment caused by close relation between 
recognition and annexation. Thinks best way would be for United States to quiet 
the Mexican claim __. 445 

Austin to S. M. Williams, Columbia, November 3, 1836. Urging him to return. 
Reconciliation 446 

Santa Anna to Austin, November 5, 1836. Explaining why he desires to visit 
Washington if released by the Texans 447 

Samuel Swartwout to Austin, November 7, 1836. Advising sale of Texan land 
for any price it will bring to pay debts of the government. (Omitted.) 448 

Austin to Henry Meigs, November 7, 1836. Suggesting methods fo negotiation 
with Santa Anna to quiet the Mexican claim to Texas and make way for annexa- 
tion. Views on Texan boundary with Mexico 448 

Austin to Mrs. M. A. Holley, Columbia, November 7, 1836. Harmony. Condi- 
tions improving. Ill health. Accepted State Department 452 

James Collinsworth to Austin, November 8, 1836. Satisfied that annexation may 
take place at once 452 

Austin to Senor Paduani, November 8,- 1836. Receipt for a letter addressed 
to Santa Anna. ( Omitted. ) 453 

Austin to James F. Perry, November 11, 1836. Suggesting certain investments.— 453 

William Heyle to Austin, Philadelphia, November 18, 1836. Hopes to settle in 
Texas. Inquiring for Edmond Morris. (Omitted.) 454 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, November 18, 1836. Sending his family 
to Texas. Biographical items. (Omitted.) 454 

Austin to Thomas O. Meaux and James W. Breedlove, November 19, 1836. 
Assuring them of the government's intention to act liberally in settlement of the 
first loan . - 454 

Austin to Thomas H. Benton, November 19, 1836. Terms on which Texas 
wishes annexation 455 

Austin to Toby and Brother, November 19, 1836. Order for' $5,000 for William 
H. Wharton. ( Omitted. ) 456 

Austin to William H, Wharton, November 19, 1836. Authorizing draft on Toby 
and Brother. ( Omitted. ) 456 

Austin to Thomas Toby and Brother, November 19, 1836. Order for supplies 456 

Sam Houston to Andrew Jackson, November 20, 1836. Release of Santa Anna. 
Annexation _. 457 

Austin to President Houston, November 21, 1836. Recommending translation 
and publication of Filisola's report of the Mexican campaign in Texas 458 

Mary Austin Holley to Austin, Lexington, November 22, 1836. Suggesting lobby 
in Washington to work for annexation of Texas ...458 

Austin to Thomas H. Benton, November 25, 1836. Santa Anna's visit to Wash- 
ington .460 



XXXlll 



Austin to G. W. Hockley and B. E. Bee, November 25, 1836. Instructions for 
conduct in Washington, when they arrive with Santa Anna .461 

James Cochran to Austin, November 25, 1836. Bill. (Omitted.) 462 

George B. McKinstry to Austin, November 25, 1836. Bill of Sale to a negro 462 

Austin and Barnard E. Bee, November 25, 1836. Contract for sale of land. 
(Omitted, but see text for summary.) 462 

William H. Wharton to Austin, New Orleans, November 28, 1836. Mission to 
United States. Financial difficulty. (Omitted, but see text.) 462 

J. W. Ross and Brother to Austin, New Orleans, November 28, 1836. Financial 
conditions. ( Omitted. ) 462 

Daniel E. Colton to Austin, November 29, 1836. Concerning land title. (Omit- 
ted.) —462 

William H. Wharton to Austin, New Orleans, November 30, 1836. Finances. 
Public opinion would approve liberation of Santa Anna. African slave trade must 
be crushed 462 

Geographical notes by Austin, November 30, 1836 462 

George Fisher to Austin, New Orleans, December 1, 1836. Mexican government 
subsidizes the Echo of Louisiana. Texas should support the Correo Atlantico as a 
counter. It would give Texas standing in Europe. (Omitted.) 463 

William H. Wharton to Austin, New Orleans, December 1, 1836. Recommending 
George Fisher for consulship 463 

Draft of Proclamation against Slave Trade, about December 1, 1836- 463 

Austin to James F. Perry, December 2, 1836. Provision for education of nephews. 
Slavery 464 

Austin to M. B. Lamar, December 5, 1836. Details of his relations with Robert- 
son's Colony 46o 

R. Salmon to Austin, December 7, 1836. His services to Texas in New York. 
Wants land for twenty colonists 470 

James Morgan to Austin, December 7, 1836. Sending him some oranges grown 
on his place . 472 

Austin, Archer, et al., December 13, 1836. Forming the Texas Rail Road 
Navigation and Banking Company 472 

George W. Poe to Austin, December 10, 1836. Suggesting issue of Treasury 
notes 473 

Austin to Merle and Company, December 13, 1836. Certain drafts .474 

Austin to Paris, Gasquet and Company, December 13, 1836. Concerning drafts 474 

Austin tq John P. Austin, December 12, 1836. Arranging certain payments 475 

Austin to Perry, December 13, 1836. Buying a horse. Land business.- 476 

Austin to William H. Wharton, December 14, 1836. Authorizing him to draw 
quarterly on treasury department for salary. (Omitted.) 476 

Austin to Henry Smith, December 14, 1836. Instructing him to honor Wharton's 
drafts for salary. ( Omitted. ) . 476 

Austin to Fairfax Catlett, December 14, 1836. Authorizing him to draw for sal- 
ary. (Omitted.) 476 

David G. Burnet to Austin, December 15, 1836. Expecting to build on Buffalo 
Bayou. ( Omitted. ) : 476 

Sam Houston to the Public, December 15, 1836. Recalling all special commis^ 
sioners from the United States. (Omitted.) .476 

William W. Alsbury to Austin, December 17, 1836. Sending him seeds and 
cuttings 4"7 



XXXIV 



Austin to James F. Perry, December 18, 1836. Value of shrubbery. Sends 
seeds and plants 477 

William G. Hill to Austin, December 20, 1836. Asking his support for an 
office. ( Omitted. ) ... 477 

Stock certificate, December 20, 1836. Texas Rail Road, Navigation and Banking 
Company 477 

George W. Poe to , December 28, 1836. Order for military funeral for 

Austin 478 

Elias R. Wightman (December 31, 1836). Deposition concerning Austin's 
landholdings 479 

Barnard E. Bee to Austin, Lexington, January 1, 1837, Santa Anna's progress 
toward Washington 480 

Mary Austin Holley to Austin, Lexington, January 14, 1837. Account of the 
passage of resolution by the Kentucky Senate requesting recognition of Texan 
independence 480 

Mirabeau B. Lamar to Gail Borden, Jr., January 20, 1837. Tribute to Austin. 
Asks help in collecting material for a biography of Austin 482 

James F. Perry, et aL, to the Public [no date]. Preparation to gather material 
for a biography of Austin - 484 



xxxv 



P ,ea.e do not write m this J 
rT— ^v» the pagesj 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 



Austin to James F. Perry 

Mexico October 6 1834 
Mr. James F. Perry 
Dr Brother, 

I wish you to take charge of all my pecuniary interests and business in 
conformity with the power of attorney I sent you in May and June last. 
Call on S. M. Williams for all my papers, notes due me and accounts in 
his possession, or other property, my desk trunks etc and this letter will be 
your authority for so doing and I wish Williams to give you all the aid he 
can in finishing and closing all my affairs and you will take possession of 
all my property and manage it the best you can for my benefit and 
advantage. 

I sent you two miniatures in Jan y last from Monterey and two books, 
Zavalas history of Mexico, and some garden seeds which I hope you have 
rec d - I gave them to Horace Allsberry to be deliver 01 by him to Peter and 
Joseph Powell who were at Pilon 1 

Love to sister Emily and all the children to Eliza 2 and Phillips 3 and 
little Stephen 4 — keep them at school-remember me to H. Austin and his 
family. I know not when I shall be at liberty, there is no more prospect 
now than there was nine months ago. I am of the opinion you may look 
on me as dead for a long time to come. I wish you all peace and happi- 
ness. Your affectionate brother 

Stephen F. Austin [Rubric] 

Remember me to H. Austin and all others. 

[Addressed:] Mr. James F. Perry near Brazoria Care of Somerville or 
Moses Austin Bryan San Felippe de Austin 

Austin to James F. Perry 
[From the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

Prison of the Deputation, or Carcel de Ciudad, 

October 6 1834— 
Confidential \ 
Dr Brother. 

I was removed to this prison on the 19th ultimo, and for the first time 
since my arrest, more than nine months, an investigation of my case has 

1 See Austin to Peter and Joseph Powell, January 18, 1834. For reproductions of the 
miniatures, see Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, 450, 456. 
-Austin's sister-in-law, the widow of James E. B. Austin. 
3 Eliza Austin's second husband. 
4 Austin's nephew, the son of James E. B. Austin. 



2 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

commenced. 1 All I know about it is what little I can infer from the 
questions asked me, and the vague information or reports of persons who 
visit me — You will understand that the mode of proceeding here is to 
collect and arrange all the evidence against an accused ex-parte, he knows 
nothing about it, nor what he has to answer to, untill the evidence against 
him is all collected, the case is then delivered to him, and not before, to 
make his defence and exhibit proofs to disprove or do away the evidence 
against — It is evident that under such a system a suit may be protracted 
indefinitely at the will of accusers, prosecutors etc. etc. The only place 
I can procure proofs is in Texas. It may be six months or more before 
it is considered that all the evidence is collected against me, and then I 
must send to Texas for evidence on my part — So far as I can judge, all 
seem to agree that my letter of 2d. October to the Ayto. of Bexar was 
nothing more than an imprudent opinion, but not a criminal act in the eye 
of the law, because it was merely an opinion, unaccompanied by any overt- 
act — but, as I am informed, for I know nothing certain, the intention is to 
try and convict me of a design to separate Texas from Mexico and unite 
it to the United States and that letter is used as an incident, or link in the 
plot which it is pretended there was. All this is utterly false — All Texas 
can acquit me and I have no doubt would do so unanimously of any such 
design or plot — nothing of the kind has ever existed in me, or in any one 
else in Texas that I ever heard of — But I am of the opinion that my 
innocence will avail me nothing — There seems to be a net wove around 
me which I cannot understand, and of course cannot resist — Everything 
I have said or done with pure intentions and in good faith — All my honest 
and republican frankness in explaining to the gov 1 - the true situation of 
Texas, every thing that has passed in Texas since I went there in 1821 — 
All the events of the last four years — All that is said there now and 
since my imprisonment — All that has been published about my colony 
in newspapers books etc even the population and advancement of Texas in 
agriculture, arts, exports, and resources — in short every thing seems to 
be construed and perverted against me — nothing comes from Texas in my 
favor, and much (as it is said) against me. This however I doubt — I 
have but few friends here very few indeed, they have complained at the 
injustice done me by so much delay — It is however said in reply that all 
my own countrymen in Texas are against me, and as a proof that they 
are, nothing comes from there, no representations in my favor — Some 
even doubt whether I was ever appointed the agent of these people, for it is 
said, that it is not reasonable to suppose that they would abandon me, as 
they seem to have done etc for my part I do not believe all this, and I 
doubt very much whether any thing in my favor sent to the present minister 

. . , 

^or Austin's imprisonment see Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, 438-459. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 5 

of relations Francisco Lombardo, will ever reach me or the judge — I am 
of this opinion because I am told by many that he is the most bitter enemy 
I have — he was violently opposed to the repeal of the 11 Article of the 
law of 6 April 1830, and blamed me for getting that measure through — it 
is probable he will never forgive me for it — Under these circumstances, 
a foreigner and a North American by birth, shut up in prison, almost des- 
titute of friends and money, far removed from all resources, and in the 
midst of enemies with the Minister of relations Lombardo at their head, 
what have I reasonably to expect except a long imprisonment and 
perhaps total ruin? I have no doubt that the President Gen 1 - Santana is 
friendly to me and to Texas. I also have confidence in the judge who has 
charge of my case Don Martinez de Castro — I believe he is an honest and 
honorable man, but what can the President or the judge do against a host 
of enemies and persecutors, when no one appears in my favor Texas is 
silent — the State Gov*- the same — this all say is even worse than if they 
openly accused me, for it shows a contemptuous indifference — 

The sum and substance of the whole matter is that you must look upon 
me as dead, for a long time to come — this is the only reasonable opinion I 
can form on the subject. I wrote you in May that everything depended 
on the report of Almonte who was sent to Texas and I presume is now 
*here 2 — I wish you or some true friend of mine to go and see him in 
person — My enemies I am told have been very active in that country and 
at Monclova, tho I must confess frankly that I do not believe the hundredth 
part of what is said about the efforts of my enemies in Texas to ruin me. 
That I have enemies is a mere matter of course — it is in fact an honor to 
me, for none but a most miserable and contemptable poor devil could 
have had as much to do with public matters as I have in Texas, without 
making enemies — I admit that I have them, but I also have the charity 
to believe that they are honorable and noble minded enemies, and would 
not, 3 try to ruin me and perpetuate my imprisonment, by taking a mean 
and base advantage of my present persecutions and misfortunes — I acquit 
them in my heart of any such design or any such efforts, and I begin to 
think, that most of what is said about their efforts to ruin me comes from 
persons who are either blinded by passion or prejudice or who are real 
enemies of mine and of every body else who lives in Texas and that the 
real object is to try and darken the North American character 

1 send this by H. J. Offutt — All my other letters have gone by mail, 
either direct to Texas, or by Vera Cruz, and very likely have been opened or 
intercepted, for even that mode has been resorted to, to try and ruin me — 

a mode as base as the object intended and worthy of my enemies and perse- 

1 

2 For Almonte's mission to Texas, see Ibid., 462-468; and for his report see the trans- 
lation by Carlos E. Castaneda in Southwestern Historical Quarterly, xxviii, 177-222. 
3 "Even if they could" deleted. 



4 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

cutors — worthy of F. Lombardo. In Jan y next I presume there will be 
a complete change in political matters, and I hope that D. Lucas Alaman 
will come into power again, it is believed he will and in that event I shall 
probably be set at liberty at once — In short this is my pirncipal hope 
at present. Alaman has talents. The main defect in him is that he is too 
honest and too honorable for the Mexican taste. Santana I believe is fully 
convinced of Alaman's merits and I hope will employ him in the Ministry — 
I again repeat, that I have confidence in Santana's friendly disposition 
towards me. 

I was interrupted in my letter by a Mexican friend, who has just left — 
he called to inform me that a packet had been rec d - from Almonte against 
me, which was calculated to do me great harm and that I need not be 
surprised if the rigors of my imprisonment were increased — Whether this 
be a fact or not, I doubt — it has been hinted to me more than once that 
a sum of money, say $50,000, would stop my enemies and set me at 
liberty- — all I have on earth would not bring that sum, nor the half of it 
in cash, but it has been reported here that I have many millions in the 
banks of the U. S. — now all these reports about my enemies may be nothing 
more than management to try and draw out cash. I cannot think that 
Almonte would try to ruin me You and my other friends can investigate 
this matter, and if he is playing an unjust game, you will know how to treat 
him as he, or any one else in such a case deserves — Noriega is here and 
says publically that I ought to be shot 

I sent you duplicate powers of attorney to sell any of my land and 
settle all my business — call on Williams for all notes due me, and do 
what you can to save my property, every honest and good man in Texas 
will assist you in so doing, I have no doubt. 

My imprisonment has been very severe, it has cost me very dear— I 
have suffered very much, but I now believe it will have a great influence 
in the transfer of Texas to the U. S. by treaty, for it has caused an inves- 
tigation as to the affairs of Texas, that is beginning to convince all me[n] 
of judgment, that what I said to the vice president Gomez Farias, was true, 
that i[s] that if the Gov t did not provide for the welfare of Texas, the 
people there would do it of themselve[s] and were able to do so — I also 
said in a paper which I wrote to a Mexican friend in this city that it was the 
duty of Texas to separate from Mexico if there was no other mode of 
saving that country from ruin 4 — this paper is now filed as the main evi- 
dence against me, and my letter to the Ayto. of Bexar 5 etc. etc. are brought 
in as corroborating testimony Men of sence now say that these opinions 
of mine are true and well founded, but that I used an imprudent and blunt 
frankness that is unknown in Mexico, and would ruin any one who made 



4 See Austin to Rafael Llanos, January 14, 1834. 

•"•Austin to the Ayuntamiento of Bexar, October 2, 1833. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

use of it — I was taught to speak the truth from my infancy and am too 
old to learn new habits — I wished to get remedies that would satisfy 
Texas and prevent its separation However whether my enemies have been 
active or not, my friends ought to be so, if they wish to relieve me, and 
they ought therefore to go and see Almonte in person — Great surprise 
has been expressed at the silence of Texas about me — All seem to think 
that a very respectfull, mild, but frank and manly representation in my 
favor from the people of Texas stating in substance — That I did no more 
than to represent their true wishes and opinions as they were when I left 
there in 1833, as it was my duty to do as an agent — that there never was 
any design in me, or in those people to separate from Mexico, but at the 
same time they believed in 1833, and still believe, that under the first law 
of nature they have the right, as all people have, to provide for their safety 
and salvation from ruin by any means in their power, in the extreme case 
that there was no other remidy left them, and that they not only consider 
this to be a right, but also a duty which as men they owe to themselves and 
to their families. That the desire to form a state separate from Coahuila, 
grew out of the want of a competent local government, and not from any 
design to separate from Mexico — that if the mode that was adopted, and 
the interpretation given by the people of Texas, and by me, to the law of 
7 May 1824, were erronious, it was a mere error in judgement, and not 
a design to violate the law, or the constitution — that there were strong 
opinions in 1833, in favor of an organization de facto, and that I was 
opposed to that measure (This is a fact, and a very important one for me to 
establish, very important indeed) — that the discontent in Texas was quieted 
by the repeal of the 11 article of the law of 6 April 1830 and by the 
remedies that were applied by the State Gov*- last winter in the local 
administration, and that those people were faithful to the Mexican Consti- 
tution, and finally requesting my release, in as much as I had only acted 
as their agent and if any blame was to be attached, it must fall on the 
people of Texas and not on their representative, and that those people were 
at all times ready to meet the responsability and in any manner etc. etc. — 

The representation should be in the most respectful and mild terms — 
the strongest kind of ideas and principles are better expressed in mild polite 
and even flattering language, than in any other way, and such language 
never gives offence or mortifies self dignity or self pride — No kind of 
harm can come to the people of Texas from such a representation for 
the very plain reason that they are far beyond the reach of harm — and it 
may save me, and do much good in other matters for it will tend very much 
to convince every body that this gov 1 - must satisfy Texas or expect un- 
pleasant consequences or sell it — I say to you frankly that I am of the 
opinion that Texas will be transfer [red] to the U. S. by treaty in less than 
two years — I may be sacrificed and not live, or not be in a situation to 



6 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

enjoy the prosperity that would result from that measure but you all in 
Texas will. Men who pretend to be acquainted with the secrets of Gov 1 - 
here are tryin[g] to buy up Texas lands — I am of the opinion it is the 
best way money can be employed — 

I have been much more faithfull to the Gov 1 - of my adopted country, 
and much more frank and honest than my own interest or wellfare required, 
and I begin to think, more than this Gov 1 - deserved — What a recompense 
am I now receiving for all my fidelity to Mexico, all my labors to advance 
its prosperity, to settle its wilderness, to keep peace and tranquility in 
Texas? Do I deserve such treatment? No — in place of imprisonment I 
deserve rewards from the Gov 1 - The only consolation I have is that I 
have done my duty — My conscience is clear — I am certain the people 
of Texas will do me ample justice — If I am sacrificed unjustly by the 
machinations of enemies, those people will I have no doubt, revenge my 
ruin as justice requires. 

[S. F. Austin! 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 

[From the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

In the Prison of the Deputation or Carcel de Ciudad 

Mexico October 6 1834 
S. M. Williams 
Dr Sir. 

I wish you to close and finish all my business and affairs in conjunction 
with my brother in law James F. Perry and give him all the aid you can in 
so doing — deliver to him all notes and accounts due me, my desk trunks 
papers etc also copies certified of all my land titles and inform him when 
each tract must be settled so as to comply with the law in every particular — 
I rely on you and him to save my property from total ruin and I have 
confidence that every honest man in Texas will aid you both in so doing. 

I was removed to this prison on the 19 ult. and an investigation of my 
case has at last commenced by the district Judge D. Martinez de Castro. 
I know nothing more than that evidence and circumstances and the say sos 
of my enemies are collecting by the Minister Lombardo, all ex-parte — he 
expects, as I am told something more from Texas from agents there, and 
in the mean time I am languishing here, and when at the end of six months 
or a year it is thought that sufficient proof is collected, I shall then be called 
on to disprove what is against me and of course shall have to send to Texas. 

In short to sum up a long story in a few words, my friends in that country 
may look on me as dead for a long time to come and probably for ever — 
A frank manly, but mild and respectful representation from the people of 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS / 

Texas in my favor would have set me at liberty long since and would do 
it now — The President Gen 1 Santana is friendly to me. So is the Judge 
but what can they do against a host of bitter enemies which I made by op- 
posing a territory, and others because I am a foreigner and hundreds be- 
cause I have been active and successful! in settling, and others from envy 
and others because they think I am wealthy and others because I am in 
misfortune, what can the president and judge do against all this host with 
the Minister Lombardo at their head, and especially when Texas is silent 
as to me, or worse than silent for I am told that every thing that comes 
from there is against me — My situation is desolate — almost destitute 
of friends and money, in a prison amidst foes who are active to destroy me 
and forgotten at home by those I have faithfully labored to serve — I have 
been true and faithful to this Gov 1 - and nation — have served them labori- 
ously — have tryed to do all the good I could to individuals and to the 
country — have been a philanthropist, and I am now meeting my reward — 
1 expect to die in this prison — I have no reason to make any other calcu- 
lation — It is hard and unjust and cruel — when I am dead justice will be 
done me — I have performed my duty and my conscience is at rest — 
Even the things that my enemies say were errors, were evidently intended 
to benefit the public interest and advance the country and not to benefit 
myself — But so be it — I have been the means of distributing many 
millions of acres to make the fortunes of others, and I now doubt whether 
I shall not have to depend on Charity for six feet of ground to sleep in 
at rest — This is man and mankind — a picture of human life — 

I send this by Cap. H. J. Offutt. I recommend him to you as an honest 
man and a friend give him what information you can about the country. 
he wishes to settle there — I again repeat, close all my affairs save my 
property for sisters children and for my brothers little boy This is your 
duty as a friend, and I know that you will faithfully comply with it If I 
had eight or ten thousand dolls. I might get my liberty I think — but where 
or how can I get that sum — I shall draw on Beeres & St John for another 
thousand as you wrote me 31 July I could do — you and Perry can make 
the arrangement to meet it — Colonel Butler 1 has refused to give me up 
one of my notes, the last one and the largest one you can see by his 
receipt its amount — he says that Whitesides had no authority to draw on 
me for the whole amount — Whitesides recept is in my desk, call on him 
to pay the deficit or show authority to draw and settle that business. 
Butler gave me up one note and Whitesides gave me up one — there were 
three in all, and Butler still has one which he holds me accountable for 

altho I have paid it to Whitesides Try and settle all my affairs — I wish 

— — — — — ■ j 

1 Colonel Anthony Butler, United States Minister to Mexico, 1829-1835. For 
Austin's relations with him, see Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, 286-287 and 
index. 



8 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

to be square with the world and with mankind tho that is difficult for they 
owe me much more than I do them — When I am dead they will pay — 
they never pay the living 

Remember me to Sarah Mr. Scott, and to all others — My enemies are 
quite welcome to all the tryumph and all the pleasure which they can 
derive from my unfortunate and persecuted situation, one that I have 
brought on myself by my honest efforts to serve them as well as every body 
else — The day will come if honesty has not abandoned the earth when 
they will meet with their reward from public opinion — As for me I shall 
die, as I expect to do in prison and under persecution, but with a clear and 
quiet conscience — Remember me to Ramon Musquis I shall always 
respect him and also Victor Blanco — nothing in my favor need be sent 
to Lombardo the present minister 

My only hope now is the expected change of politics, gov 1 - or system, or 
something, that all look for in Jan y - next — tf that change gives Santanna 
absolute power or extra facultades I shall be set at liberty — I think also 
that Alaman will then come into office and if so I shall be set at liberty — 
he is my friend and he is an honest man as well as an able one — you 
are all prosperous and safe in Texas because you are far removed from 
the convulsions of this distracted country — you are all far beyond the 
reach of harm — may you be so for ever and rise in prosperity and happi- 
ness. 

S. F. Austin. 

P. D. remember me to H. Austin and show him this, request him to 
write to H. Meigs and to thank him for his kindness in my favor it how- 
ever has availed me nothing as yet but I hope may when the expected 
change takes place in Jan y - you must not write to this place all is per- 
verted against me — everything. 

Ferguson, Jones and Company to J. F. Perry 

[Philadelphia, October 7, 1834. See Calendar.] 

Austin to George Fisher 

Mexico, October 15, 1834. 

Mr. Geo. Fisher 

Dr. Sir, I sincerely congratulate you on the appointment you have rec d 
in the custom house of Matamoros, and hope you may long continue to 
enjoy prosperity and peace, 

The experience of the last few years has taught me a great deal — I have 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 9 

learned more of mankind, and of the human passions than I was ever will- 
ing to believe before — My frankness and open, candid, good faith has 
involved me in many difficulties — and my confidence in Others has en- 
tangled me very much, but all this will be useful to me for the future — that 
is if I ever get out of this prison, which I hope to do soon- 
Two of my friends arrived today from Texas, with representations in my 
favor from the Ayuntamtos of Texas and Gov 1 of the State of Coahuila and 
Texas, which I think will have a favourable effect. 

On the 6th of this month I wrote to my friends in Texas on the subject 
of representing, but as the above representations have arrived, it will not 
now be necessary for them to do so, and I must request the favor of you 
to write to my brother in law James F Perry care of M. A. Bryan San 
Felipe informing him that the representations sent by Mr. Grayson have 
been rec d and that he need not procure any more, as I requested him to 
do in my letter to him date 6th of last month — I presume you will receive 
this letter before Capt. Offutt leaves Matamoros, and you can write by 
him — It will be best to send this letter to Mr. Perry — I wish it also 
for another reason which is this — I have long since informed my friends in 
Texas, that I am satisfied with you, and was your friend — By sending 
this letter they will have an additional evidence of the terms of friendship 
on which we stand, I will take this occasion to thank you, for the letters 
and statements you have written to this city in my favor — The only time 
to try friendship is when a man is in misfortune and persecuted by a host 
of powerful enemies as I am — You have interested yourself for me even 
at the risk of injuring yourself — I wish my family to know this — they 
will not forget it — For these reasons I wish you to send this letter to 
my brother in law James F. Perry — 

I am in better spirits, and my prospects are much better than they were 
when Capt. Offutt left and I hope that a few months will release me from 
my long and dreary imprisonment. 

My motto has always been fidelity to Mexico — I have never deviated 
from it — but I have been greatly entangled by others, and by circumstances 
that I could not controul — I have suffered much, but a clear and quiet 
conscience has enabled me to bear it with fortitude, There is nothing new 
except what you will see in the public papers — that is nothing that I know 
of — all is peace and Federation seems to be the Order of the day — Some 
however think that January and February will be stormy months — Con- 
gress have certainly a very difficult and delicate task before them — God 



10 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

give them wisdom and prudence to regulate matters so as to insure peace 
and prosperity to this republic. 

S F Austin 

A true copy of its original which we certify Matamoras 17th November 
1834. 1 

Jorge Fisher [Rubric] 
John Shegog [Rubric] 

Charles Wilcox 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney 

Mexico October 18. 1834 — in the city prison 
T. F. McKinney, 

My much esteemed friend. It is difficult for me to express to you the 
satisfaction I have derived from the arrival of Messrs. Grayson and Jack 
on the 14 instant — 2 You must have experienced the desolate situation of a 
long imprisonment far removed from your friends, with even a doubt that 
some of them had forgotten you or were indifferent as to your situation, 
to be sensible of the pleasure I have rec d from hearing from you all in 
Texas, and knowing that I still occupy a place in your remembrance, and 
in your regard. I sincerely thank you all — No new ties were needed to 
bind my heart and affections to the people of Texas, I can however never 
forget this last act of kindness — it came at an interesting moment I had 
borne all with calm fortitude up to the beginning of this month. At that 
time I heard so many unfavourable rumors, and one in particular, that my 
friends at home (except my own family), were careless about me and were 
indifferent as to my fate that my spirits began to sink The idea of being 
cast off contemptuously by those whom I had, at least, tryed to serve faith- 
fully was worse than death. I am now entirely relieved from that idea — 
and am in better spirits than since my arrest Nothing could have depressed 
them but the above idea 

I hope the representations brought by Grayson and Jack will have a 
favourable effect The only objection is that they are in the English lan- 
guage Nothing should be sent in that language It does great harm I 
think I now understand the rumors that have reached me of unfavourable 
impressions against me in the cabinet, on account of representations from 
Texas Those Impressions were made, but they proceeded from communi- 
cations that were intended to benefit me, and had quite a contrary effect 
owing to the high toned and inflamatory language used. I am convinced 
that no representations have been made against me, and no unfair means 



Another copy made by Fisher in 1837 is in file of January 1, 1834. 
"See Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, 447-450. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 11 

used against me by any persons who belong to Texas, and I acquit all 
persons of such a suspicion I say this because in my letter to my brother 
in [law] of 26 3 August I expressed a doubt on the subject I regret that 
I entertained any such doubt I was induced to believe amongst other 
things that the minister of relations Lombardo was personally hostile to 
me, and that Col. Almonte had made a very unfavourable report about me 
and Texas — all this I now find to be quite incorrect Almonte's report 
was favourable, and the minister is not my enemy 

Under all these false impressions I wrote on the 6 of this month by 
Capt. Offutt on the subject of representing All those letters were written 
under erroneous impressions made by false information, and I wish Mr. P. 
[Perry] and W. [Williams] to destroy all my letters of 6 October and 
not to show them to any one whatever 

How much difficulty have I been involved in by the excitements in Texas 
You know how much I have been opposed to most of the events of the 
last two years It will be a lesson to me for the future, and I hope that 
hereafter the people of that country will not abuse or suspect me or any 
one else, who advises, Fidelity to Mexico, and opposition to violent men 
and measures — which has always been and now is my motto, and I hope 
will in future be the motto of all Texas 

I am pleased with the representation from Brazoria or Colombia signed 
by Waller and Wharton. 4 I shall return to Texas, as a farmer determined 
to have nothing more to do with the public matters of this, or any country 
for I wish for harmony This is too important a matter for individual 
and public happiness and prosperity to be suspended or jeopardized by 
stickling etiquette, and under this view I am the first to say that no obstacles 
to personal harmony with all men will be raised by me on account of the 
past political events, altho I am the only one who has suffered by them 
The Whartons have heretofore taken a hostile attitude, or at least an un- 
friendly one towards me They never had any cause, as I think, to do so. 
However be it that W. H. W. [Wharton] is a friend or foe, the representa- 
tion above mentioned is calculated to benefit me and was evidently intended 
to do so and I therefore thank him so far as he had any agency in it, and 
authorize you to tell him so — and also that I look on that measure as a 
step on his part towards personal harmony, if he intended it as such, I 
meet it with corresponding feeling, and if we do not shake hands as friends 
in future it will be his fault not mine John [Wharton] is of course in- 
cluded in these remarks. 

3 See Austin to Perry, August 25. See William H. Wharton's "Card," November 9, 
1834. 
Muly 31, 1834, Austin Papers. Omitted from this publication. 



12 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

I am weary of a troubled life I wish for a calm and quiet one on a 
farm along side of my sister and her flock of little ones The society of 
new countries is thin and bad at best — why should it be made worse by 
dissentions that separate families who might enjoy each others society as 
friends and neighbors and thus cast a rose or two upon the thorny path of 
human life? I am weary of such things — if I know myself I am made 
for social intercourse and enjoyment of friends and neighbors. 

Show this to P. and W. [Perry and Williams] without any delay that 
they may know my wishes as to my letters of 6 October and distroy them. 
Remember me to Mrs. McKinney and to Col Groce and all his children 
and to my friends in genl. 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

7 oclock at night 

just as I had sealed this and was about sending it to the post office 
I rec. d the oficio of the chief of that department informing me of my elec- 
tion as a member of the state legislature of Coahuila and Texas. No event 
of my life has afforded me more gratification, not because I desire office, 
or to have anything to do with public matters, far from it — I sincerely 
wish to avoid them — but situated as I now am I should be worse than cold 
hearted and insencible not to feel the greatest degree of gratitude and 
thankfulness for this distinguished and unequivocal evidence of the confi- 
dence and esteem of my fellow citizens and fellow laborers, because it is 
a vindication of what is dearer to me than life or liberty — of my reputation 
I thank them I hope it may be in my power to thank them by some act, 
some service more substantial than these words This hope is all that can 
diminish my repugnance to entering again into the confused and entangled 
public matters of our adopted country I believe however by the laws my 
election is nulo because I have a causa pendiente and I think it quite doubt- 
ful whether I shall be at liberty before January or February My case is 
before the judiciary, and the executive cannot interfere with it I have no 
doubt the president Santana is friendly to me and to Texas I therefore 
advise you to prepare to go to Monclova so as to be there by the first of 
Jan y - or before. 5 

I rec. d Williams letter — cannot answer it or the chiefs by this mail which 
will close in an hour and so will my prison for the night U. debe visitar a 
mi hermana amenudo, y debe ser mas prudente y mucho menos estremoso 
en todo — lo digo como amigo. q e le ha dada bastantes preuvas q e lo soy 
verdaderam te — basta 

Many strange things have occured during the last year of revolutions 
all over Mexico which deserve the name of Anarchical phynomina The 

G McKinney had been elected Suplente. 

"The Robertson colony. See Robertson's Statement, July 2, 1834. For the history of 
the Robertson Colony, see Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, Chaptere XI. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 13 

Robinson 6 business may be classed in the number W. should go to Mon- 
elova in person. He should collect all the oficios of Teran and the Gov r - of 
the state by which R. was banished I saved him and those who came with 
him from those orders — these in addition to the April law rendered it im- 
possible for the Gov*- to regrant that Colony to him or extend the time to 
the Nashville comp. y Secretary Santiago del Valle I presume will recollect 
that he was much hurt at me for requesting that the time should be extended 
to the Nashville Co. for he said I knew it was impossible as they were all 
citizens of the U. S. and the April law was then in force It could not 
be granted to R. or extended to the Nashville Co. this was impossible 
I enquired if it could be done and gave offense by making the enquiry 
It was applied for by a french Co. and others and would have been granted 
to some one, had I not procured it just as I did I thought it was my duty 
to Texas to try and keep it out of the hands of those foreign companies, for 
they have only done harm or at least as yet have not contributed much to 
settle the country. They would have had no sympathy for the old settlers 
my object was to settle that country so as to form a barrier against the 
hostile indians My intentions were good and had the gen 1 good in view 
Why am I now abused for doing what it really was my duty to Texas to do 
Chambers and Williams both know the history of all that matter. The 
fact is I deserve the thanks of the people instead of their abuse, as to the 
upper Colony. 

I am of the opinion that the the rough answer given to Noriega 7 and some 
other things of like character that I never knew anything about untill a 
week or so ago, have or will prolong my imprisonment six months at least, 
beyond what it would have been under a different course Thus I suffer 
for the hot headed acts of others as I have done in many instances my 
general character is mildness and I have pursued conciliation as a system — 
but at moments I have been goaded into impatience and even passion 
Is it not rather strange that those moments, and they are few, are never 
forgotten all my mildness and prudence is over looked and merged in 
the recollection of some one or two rash expressions or an isolated act 
that of itself may appear intemperate, without knowing all the circum- 
stances This is not just Ben Franklin or Job wd. have had their moments 
of ruffled temper in some situations I have been placed [in] 

Remember me to the chief H. Smith, 8 I hope he will not take it amiss 
if I advise him to sign Enrique and not Henry I am pleased with his ap- 
pointment and Burnetts 9 — give Burnett and the good Dr. Miller a shake 
of the hand for me — in fact to all — all — everybody — 

S. F. A. 

See Barker's Austin, 466. 

''Henry Smith, recently appointed political chief of the Department of the Brazos. 
"David G. Burnet had been appointed judge under the new judiciary act for Texas. 

i 002- 



14 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Edmund Andrews to J. F. Perry 

[October 23, 1834. See Calendar.] 

Joseph B. Head to J. F. Perry 

[Boston, October 24, 1834. See Calendar.] 

J. P. Borden to J. P. P. and Gail Borden, Jr. 

[Goliad, October 25, 1834. See Calendar.] 

Edmund Andrews to J. F. Perry 

[Brazoria, October 26, 1834. See Calendar.] 

Central Committee to Public 

[October 28, 1834. See Calendar.] 

Samuel M. Williams to Austin 

October 29 th 1834 
You cannot realise the nature of my feelings on the favorable turn 
matters are taking respecting yourself — This is Wednesday, On Sunday 
morning I left your sister in quite good spirits her health tolerably good — 
Mr. Perry and children well — Gregory enclosed yours of 25 th to me — 
I. was at the mouth and sent a runner with it to Mr. Perry. All the farmers 
in the low country with the trifling exception of very few who act for others, 
joyously respond to your sentiments — "Mas vale tarde que nunca" Leth- 
argy has been completely shaken off by the mass of the Colonists, and you 
cannot see or hear any thing, but wishes for your health and speedy return. 
One proud and happy moment is in store for you, if no more, the hearty 
welcome of thousands who are ready to hail your liberty from embarrass- 
ment, and your return among them. Our Chief of Department Henry Smith 
came out on the 20 th in an official manifesto to the people advising Texas 
to take care of herself etc — Chambers has stir'd them up at Bejar, 1 and 
they in their Weakness have made overtures to the Colony to join them, 
and you must not blame your friends even th°- they refuse benefits from 
the hands of that man. he bolted and barred your prison doors, exulted in 

1 For the effort of Thomas Jefferson Chambers. Juan N. Seguin, and Henry Smith to 
call a Convention in November, 1834, see Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, 
468-469. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 15 

your sufferings, and has thereby put the seal to his political if not his moral 
death in Texas — the knell has rung — he cannot now recall or retract — 
The Central Committee met yesterday, appointed a Committee W. H. Jack, 
Miller and Johnson, Jack is drawing up the manifest of their opinion, and 
I assure you so far as he had gone with it last evening it is excellent, passing 
excellent. Will Kill Smith and his friends, and check this present exertion 
for a State, and Bejar will be told to wait, as Texas is advised by the Com- 
mittee to have nothing to do with the State question. Determined as I am 
never to meddle in politics, I thank God I am left the privilege of rejoicing 
in your triumph, that is the triumph of your principles over those of base 
and designing men. I am proud to see men who have once been opposed 
to you Now the foremost to declare to the world the pleasure they have 
in acknowledging themselves your friends and the supporters of your 
advice and opinions — and the old 300 almost to a man are warm in your 
cause. 

I am impressed with a belief that you are on your way home — I do not 
extend — I hope you have drawn for the 1,000$ mentioned in mine to you 
of 31 July. I have just rec d - yours of 7 th Septem r - by the way of Saltillo, 
yours of 25 th Aug 1 - by mail to Mr. Perry has never got to hand. Austin 
Bryan has just left me and I have sent your letter by him to Town to Capt 
Martin and others who are there. — The authorities of the Colony may 
attempt to lead the people into pronouncements etc. but they will not 
stand it. Texas is safe. Remember me kindly to Grayson and Jack. Your 
miniatures which were given to the Powell's have never been rec d - Affec- 
tionately yours 

I hope you rec d mine of 15 th Sept r - sent enclosed to Dr. Parrott with it 
went your credentials of Deputado — McKinney is well and as always 
your true friend — Our firm is McKinney and Williams We have a 
Warehouse at the point opposite Velasco 60 feet square. 

[Addressed:] Stephen F. Austin Esqr. Mexico. 

S. M. Williams 

J. B. Miller to James F. Perry 

Central Committee room Oct 31 1834 
Mr Jas F Perry 

Sir we request of you most earnestly to superintend the printing of an 
address of the Central Committe to the people of Tejas we look upon it 
under the circumstances as important to the safety of this people to answer 
two documents one signed by the chief — and an anonymous publication 
which has lately appeared among the people which we think is well calcu- 
lated to produce what we allready have to much of disunion and confusion, 
we know of no other person below we can confide in to attend to this matter 



16 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

and have committed it to your charge if you know of any person that will 
attend to it youw ill request him to do it if you will you will do us and 
we hope the people of Texas a favor by attending to it get as many copies 
as the money will pay for which is $70 

J B Miller 
Prest 
[Addressed:] Mr James F Perry Brazoria Tejas 

[Note on back:] Reed Hammerd Dollar 43.56 

U. S. Notes 15 $15 

Eagle Money 3 18 18 

Mexican .90 18.90 

62.46 62.46 

G. Harris Subscription 3 3 

65.46 65.46 

Thomas F. McKinney to James F. Perry 

Quintana 4 Nov 1834 
Mr James F. Perry 

Dr Sir I enclose you a scratch of something like what I think we should 
join in and if it meets your views and those of your neighbours draw up one 
and you are hereby authorised to put my name to any thing which you are 
of opinion we should join in to put an end to the Demagogues and scoun- 
drels who wish to view and use us as mere appendages to their highness 
and instruments for their convenience may the vengeance of heaven earth 
and hell fall upon them is my sincere prayer 

Thomas F McKinney [Rubric] 

We most cordially consent to bear the part [you] suggested for pricing 
the Col s letter and the reply of the Central Committe to Gov r - Smith's 
proclamation 

McK and Williams [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr James F Perry Peach point 

[Enclosure] 1 

We the undersigned resident Citizens of the former Jurisdiction of Bra- 
zoria (now Columbia) seeing as we concieve our most sacred and ines- 
timable rights and privileges usurped and sentiments expressed upon our 
responsibility to which we do not nor did we ever subscribe deem it our 
duty no longer to permit a few aspiring ambitious demagogues to use our 

a This document seems to be in McKinney's writing. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 17 

names or assume our rights. We therefore deem it an essential duty to 
ourselves and our country to make a public avowal of our disapprobation 
to such men and measures as are now exciting among us a scheme for the 
purpose of organizing a local Govt, in Texas the measures proposed for 
that purpose we conceive to be directly at variance with the true interest 
of our adopted country and those among us who are most actively engaged 
in the measure we concieve to be of the class of men above mentioned who 
would sacrifice every man in Texas who is likely to become conspicuous 
in promoting good order and tranquility to their sordid ambition or vin- 
dictive personal feelings or mere tools and instruments of such men. We 
conceive the course recommended for the purpose of organising as calcu- 
lated to do much harm by exciting the jealousies of the Gov 1 - as has 
been done on former occasions by a few clamorous men who have falsely 
proclaimed opinions and feelings to be those of the people which were 
always repugnant to our feelings and in as much as erronious opinions 
have thus been imposed upon our Gov 1 and our neighbors by our neutrality 
we feel it a duty from which we can no longer abstain to take this method 
of expressing our disapprobation to any such measures and seriously hope 
that those men will take the hint and allow us to have penetration enough 
to discover their virtues and talents and allow us to call on them when we 
require their aid. We take this mode of making this our expression of 
feelings by each of us assigning our names to these presents that it may not 
be said it is only the feelings of a few and that every man's name may show 
for itself. 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Mexico Nov. 6 1834 
My dear brother and Sister, 

Your letters by Messrs. Grayson and Jack were a great relief to me, and 
afforded me more gratification than I have experienced for a long time. 
How anxious I am to be with you, and settle myself along side of you on 
a farm free from troubles or other matters. Had I cared as much for my 
own individual happiness and welfare as I have for that of Texas and its 
inhabitants I should now be enjoying a quiet and comfortable life, as 
the rest of you all in that country are. But no one ought reasonably to 
expect to effect any important object of a public nature without labor and 
suffering of some kind, and if he sustains his honor unblemished, and has 
the consciousness of having done his duty, he ought to bear all with 
patience and fortitude. I have this consolation — I have done my duty 
to the people of Texas so far as it was in my power to do it, and I have not 
in anything departed from my duty as a good and faithful Mexican citizen, 
as the decission of the tribunal in my case will attest (as I believe in a 



18 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

short time more) so that you must not suffer yourselves to be unhappy on 
my account. 

Since the arrival of Col. Almonte there is evidently a very favorable 
change in my favor — incorrect opinions and erroneous ideas which have 
originated in false rumors and reports circulated by the enemies of Texas, 
have been corrected by Almonte's statements. He speaks of Texas impar- 
tially and so far as I can learn very favourably, and I have no doubt that 
he is exerting himself all he can in my favor. The forms of judicial pro- 
ceedings in this country are so very complicated and slow, that I cannot 
say with any certainty when my case will be brought to a conclusion. 
I think however that I can assure you, that it will be in all next month at 
most and that the result will be a full and complete acquital, so that I shall 
probably be able to reach Monclova in all the month of January or be- 
ginning of February. I shall in all probability complete two years absence 
from home. They have been, so far, painful ones to me. Such as I would 
not have passed for any individual benefit whatever. 

I hope the past events will have a good and salutary influence in making 
every body in that country more disposed to reason and reflect [ion] before 
they yield to excitements. I have always been of the opinion that a silent 
and quiet course was the true one for Texas. I wished to see it grow up 
in tranquility like an oak sapling in the midst of a thick forest, which 
protects it while slender and weak from the storm, until it rears its head 
above the rest with a sturdy trunk and firmly rooted foundation, that en- 
ables it to defy the storms, and rely upon its own matured strength. The 
excitement of the last few years forced me out of that quiet and silent policy 
much against my judgement — but it was unavoidable, I could not help it. 
Those excitements were not without sufficient cause, if the causes were to 
be tested solely by abstract principles, but I believed them to be impolitic 
and ill timed. The prosperity of Texas was much too near my heart to 
see it, even by probability, jeopardised in any manner. There were men 
of influence in various parts of this nation who were willing to paralise 
the progress of Texas, but they could not attack it, without cause, or at 
least a plausible pretext. I wished to avoid giving them such a pretext — 
On the other hand there were many ambitious men who wished to figure 
and become "great men 9 by means of commotions or revolutions in Texas 
in which they expected to rise and make fortunes as leaders, out of the 
hard earnings of the old settlers, who would have been the mere instruments 
of such leaders, and their victims. I wished to save the old settlers, who 
had suffered so much to redeem that country from the wilderness, from 
such friends and from the evils of commotions. My ambition has been 
of the silent, and not the boisterous kind. I preferred seeing a new log 
cabbin and field rise up in the wilderness, to making a noise as the leader, 
or participator or an excitement or revolution. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 19 

There has been for the last three years a painful conflict in my own 
mind, between the ideas and principles of abstract right which influenced 
many, and caused the past excitements; and what I believed to be the 
true policy and interest of Texas. This conflict, added to the influence 
which my personal friends had over me, has caused me much unhappiness, 
and perhaps it has at times given to me the appearance of wavering. I 
have felt for Texas as a parent feels for its only child when he believes it 
to be in danger. 

When viewing the subject on this general and broad scale, such men as 
Chambers, Robinson [Robertson] and others, who I am told have been 
trying to undermine and ruin me during my imprisonment, are entirely 
overlooked. I view them as the captain of a noble ship does the worms 
who are eating into the sides of his vessel at a time when the waves are 
driving him upon a rocky shore. The greater danger absorbs the lesser. 
But they are notwithstanding worthy of attention — a worm hole can sink 
a ship. I have heretofore believed that Chambers had acquirements and 
a knowledge of the Spanish language that would enable him to be useful 
to Texas, and for this reason I have been disposed to see him advance, and 
be imployed in public matters. The idea which my friends all had, that 
he was my personal enemy had no weight with me so long as I believed he 
could be of public utility. But if he has spent the last winter to intrigue 
at Monclova for the purpose of keeping me in prison, and of wheedling 
this simple Gov 1 - out of sixty leagues of land for two years services as 
judge, and entangling all the upper country so that no man of common 
sence will settle there — if he has been doing all this, he certainly is not the 
man I believed him to be, and so far from serving Texas, he is calculated 
to do nothing but harm. I never condemn any one hastily or without evi- 
dence — that he has much boyish ambition and vanity I always knew, but 
that properly directed, I thought might be made useful to the country, after 
a little experience had tempered it to the standard of sound and patriotic 
and rational and manly ambition. When I reach Monclova I can foim 
an opinion as to these matters, and untill then I shall suspend it. 

There has been too much of the ardent, impatient, and inflamatory im- 
petuosity of passion for the last three years in Texas, The people of the 
U. S. are ardent in everything, it is their national character, and what has 
raised that country to the unparaleled prosperity it enjoys, and Americans 
carry the same ardor and enterprise and love of freedom wherever they 
go. It is a noble trait of character, but at the same time there are situations 
and circumstances where Prudence dictates moderation and calmness. We 
are in that situation in Texas. The people of the Colony ought to seek 
their public servants amongst the most prudent men they can find — Men 
who have a firm and well established reputation for probity, calmness, intel- 
ligence, judgement and virtue, such men for example as Burnett, Grayson, 



20 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Cap Martin, McKinney, Dr. Miller, J. H. Bell, etc. etc. a long list of good 
men might be made out. Those who are constantly trying to climb the 
skies without a ladder, must learn by experience that such a course will 
not do, before they can be useful to the country, or even to themselves. 
The people should recollect that the interest of the farmers and laboring 
part of the community is what ought to be looked to, and not the interest 
and ambitious views of young lawyers or impatient aspirants or inflam- 
matory political adventurers who are always trying in all countries to 
make instruments and tools of the people. Young men of this class will 
be useful and very valuable members of society hereafter, when experience 
shall have fully matured their judgment and tempered their youthful ardor 
and taught them prudence. But untill then they are better calculated to 
do harm by keeping up excitements and filling newspapers with viojent and 
inflamatory remarks than anything else. S M Williams has been a faithful 
and useful servant to the colony, and he and McKinney are very well calcu- 
lated to be of great and essential benefit to the farmers as merchants, to 
export the produce of Texas, and give character and activity to our infant 
commerce. They richly deserve encouragement, and I sincerely hope they 
will receive it from all persons. They neither of them are grasping or 
gaping for office, and for that very reason they deserve to be employed 
tho as exporting merchants they can be of more advantage to the people 
than in any other situation, for they will secure a fair price to the farmer 
for his produce and give system and stability to the market as regular 
merchants do in all countries, and save the farmers from mere pedlars and 
transient dealers, who are an evil rather than a benefit. 

I need not recommend to either of you, harmony with your neighbors and 
with all persons — because I know that your ideas on this subject are the 
same as mine — public good and individual happiness depends very much 
on harmony between the members of a community, and especially of a new 
and rising community. There might be a very good society below Brazoria 
including both sides of the river, and I see no substantial reason why there 
should not be harmony amongst the families of the opposite banks of so 
small a river. It has not been my fault or yours there is not, and it is to 
be hoped that those who have tryed to create party division there and in 
other parts of Texas will take a different course in future. It is my sincere 
wish and any advance towards such a happy State of things will be met 
by me with pleasure, as I have no doubt it also will by you. I expressed 
my ideas on this matter in a letter to McKinney the 18 of last month to 
which I refer you. 

The beginning of last month I was rather in low spirits. I had heard 
so many bad reports for so long a time, and nothing favourable from 
Texas, that I began to doubt that the people of the Colony had totally 
forgotten and contemptuously cast me away. This idea did, what nothing 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 21 

else, not even a sentence of death could have done, it depressed my spirits. 
Since then all has britened — Grayson and Jack have arrived and I have 
heard from you all in Texas in a manner that shows that my well in- 
tended exertions to serve that country are appreciated. This fully compen- 
sates me for my sufferings. I have been called a cold hearted calculator 
by some, How little they know me. What they called cold hearted calcu- 
lation, proceeded in fact from the warmth of my affections for those people. 
I feared they would injure themselves. Had I cared nothing about them, 
no such fear would have influenced me. The truth is I am not sufficiently 
cold hearted, for at times I suffer myself to be excited very much, my 
letter of 2d October 1833 to tbe Ayuntam t0 of Bexar is one proof of it. 
I can now look back and see many others of a similar kind. I opposed a 
territory for Texas last year in this place under my instructions, to do so, 
in true North American stile, that is with passion violence and irritation, 
and by so doing have involved myself in a tangled net, I might have done 
it mildly and avoided making so many enemies and such powerful ones. 

I rely on you and Williams to attend to my private affairs. The last 
two years have cost me large sums of money and thrown me back very 
much in my own affairs. You can make such arrangements of my business 
as you think best. I am greatly in favor of keeping up the Chocolate bayou 
stock farm, and intend to spend some of my time there. The place is of 
no value except for stock, but is good for that purpose. 

I hope you or my friends will never forget Mr. Jack and his family, and 
Mr. Grayson they are truly worthy men. I shall ever remember them with 
gratitude. , 

I cannot write to all, but wish you to remember me to all, and you can 
show this letter to such of my friends you think proper. 

Remember rfte to all the children, tell them to mind their books and 
study hard and locsc no time in io'leness. i send Eliza a small pair of 
scissors, as an emblem of industry and the domestic virtues, which she will 
possess to a great degree if she will attend as she ought to do, the precepts 
and example of her parents, as I have no doubt she will do. Joe must 
be a good planter, Austin a good merchant and Guy a good Lawyer. Let 
them bear this in mind, also Steph F. must be a Lawyer. Remember me 
to Mr. Pilgrim. I am greatly pleased with him as a teacher. Remember 
me very affectionaly to Cousin Henry Austin and all his family. I hope 
to see him next spring, and that we shall all see better times in future. 
Most truly and affectionately your brother 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

Since writing the above I have rec d additional information which strength- 
ens my opinion that my affair will terminate favourably — so that you 
must not be uneasy or unhappy on my account — 



22 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

You must not suffer any extracts of my letters to be published. A short 
extract published by Williams in New Orleans, of my letter of 3 June, 
has reached here, and has been understood very differently from its true 
meaning and has injured me very much — let this be a caution to you all 
to keep my name out of the newspapers. The political state of this country 
is tranquil and I think will remain so. I do not believe that Genl Santana 
has any designs to change the form of Gov 1 - I have confidence in him 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

Mr. James F. Perry near Brazoria 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Mexico Nov r - 6. 1834 
Dr Brother 

I owed John Austin, there was an unsettled a/c between us as well as 
I recollect I gave him several notes for which he gave me a receipt which 
is in my desk at Williams. I anticipate no kind of difficulty in settling 
with William Austin as I have no doubt John kept all our accounts cor- 
rectly. 

It was understood that Westall's note was not to be passed away to 
any one, and that it should not be pressed untill the old man was able 
to pay it, but this was a verbal understanding. I have been very careless 
about all my private business and monied matters I wish them all settled. 
Williams understands them better than , anyone, and I believe better than 
I do myself, speak to him about John's accr/unt. « / ; 

Try and get some money out of 'the lots at the mOutb of the river — tho 
do not sacrifice them for in a short time they ought to be worth something 
handsome. I have two labors at the high ground back of the mouth of the 
river near a lake — the place js. caked, die Mou-nd— -dp] not sell them yet — 
it is the highest land in that neighborhood. See whether Williams has 
finished all the titles for my premium land and the three tracts I got of 
Aguirre. John Austin owed me for some money I paid to Don Fernando — 
somebody, I forget his name. He is the son-in-law of old Ignacio Feres 
in Bexar. It was for a league of land — Williams knows about it. Emily 
must not be hasty in taking up prejudices against Williams, he has his fits 
and starts and faults but I do not believe he is unfaithful to me. I have 
done too much for him. If Wharton wishes to be friendly and makes any 
motions towards a visiting state of matters between the families, meet it 
kindly and let there be harmony but make no undue advances — tho I need 
not say that to Emily for she courts no one, and wishes for harmony 
with all. Mrs. Wharton is an amiable and talented woman. 

A few fools do great harm to that country a silly letter from Matagorda 
written I suppose by some one who only wants ears to be a jackass, and 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 



23 



a piece signed Pedralto have done great harm very great indeed — such men 
deserve severe treatment from the honest part of the community whose 
interest they are trifling with. 

You can show my other letters to Bell, Martin, Miller W. H. Jack etc. 
I suppose that Williams and McKinney have gone to Monclova and for 
this reason I do not write to them If they have not gone tell them the 
reason I have not written to them 

God bless you all. I have no doubt I shall soon be at liberty Burn all 
my letters date 6 of last month and let no one see them. 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

Election Returns 

A list of Votes taken for and against the policy of a representation to 
the provissional Congress to be held at Bexar 15 th Nov. 1834 taken this 
8th day Nov. 1834 at Brazoria — 



Names 

John A. Wharton 

L. C. Mason 

Wm. B. Sweeney 

A. W. Breedlove 

J. A. H. CleavelancL 

A. J. Harris 

C. W. Stewart 

RJf Rule 

Chs A Betner 

Sterling McNeil 

James F. Perry 

Wm. Lamkin 

Ths. J. Pilgrim 

F. J. Calvit 

Jos. H. Bell 

Jno. G. McNeil 

L. H. McNeil 

C. S. Gorbit 

Robt. Stevenson 

Andr. Westall 

J. Fessenden 

Ro. D. Moore 

P. S. McNeil 

Benj. Mims 

Doct. Frk Moore 

Joseph McGee 

Leisser Willoughby.. 

Gerrain Hines 

Archy Hodge 



For a representation 

For 
Do 



For 



For 

Do 

Do 



For 



Against any 
representation 



Against 



Agst. 
Agst. 



Agst. 
Agst. 
Agst. 
Agst. 
Agst. 
Agst. 
Agst. 
Agst. 
Agst. 

Agst. 

Agst. 

Agst. 

Agst. 

Agst. 

Against 

Agst. 

Agst. 

Agst. 

Agst. 



24 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 



Names For a representation Against any 

representation 

Ed St. J Hawkins For 

John Hodge Agst. 

Dd. C. Collinsworth Agst. 

P. D. McNeil Agst. 

E. . Bradley Agst. 

J. S. Sevey Agst. 

Wm. Haley For 

Andr. Roberts Agst. 

J. B. Taylor Agst. 

J W Hassell Agst. 

Jas Craft Agst. 

Herman Koopman For 

Alexr. Wilson Agst. 

S. S. Gillet For 

Joseph Mims Agst. 

Cornelius Smith Agst. 

Jacob Aaron Agst. 

R. Gillet For 

B. F. Cage Do. 

A McDonald Agst. 

J. H. Polley Agst. 

Wm. Edwards For 

J W Cloud ( Agst. 

Edmund Andrews Agst. 

Elijah Caple Agst. 

Elisha Maxey Agst. 

Joseph Walker Agst. 

John James Agst. 

Phineas Ripley Agst. 

Jas. P. Caldwell Agst. 

John Sharp For 

Jos. A Dupeny Agst. 

Gabez Winters Agst. 

Alexr. Russell Agst. 

Sylvester Bowen Agst. 

Wm. P Scott Agst. 

Andr. Bradley Agst. 

H H League Agst. 

J S D Byrom Agst. 

Dennard James Agst. 

David Mills For 

Wm. G Goosley Agst. 

E. Mather Agst. 

D . Soil i ard Agst . 

Brazoria Nov. 8 th 1934 An Election being Ordered by the Political 
Chief of the Department of Brassos, and the people being convened prayed 
an election to be held whether the people of this department send by their 
votes any representation to the provisional congress to be held at Bexar 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 25 

on the 15 Nov. 1835, and they accordingly elected Edmund Andrews and 
L C Manson Esqr. as Judges and John Sharp and James P. Caldwell as 
Secretaries of s d - Meeting. When the votes being counted stood thus fifty 
Seven (say 57 votes) against any representation at said Congress, and 
Sixteen (say 16 votes) in favor of said representation as will be seen by 
reference to the above list of votes 

Edmund Andrews 
L. C. Manson 

Judges 
John Sharp 
Jas. P. Caldwell 

Secretaries 

William H. Wharton to the Public 1 

a card 

A printed letter dated PRISON of the Ocordado, city of Mexico, August 
25 th 1834, has this moment met my eye. Among other false and ridiculous 
things it contains many grave and damning charges preferred against 
myself. When I first saw this letter; I was in common charity disposed 
to believe some enemy of Austin's had forged it, for the purpose of holding 
him up to public derision and scorn, by exhibiting in ludicros contrast his 
former and present opinions or rather PROFESSIONS; for I could not 
imagine that any man of common sense would append his name to such 
a bloated mass of disgusting self conceit — of arrogant dictation, and of 
inconsistent stupidity. My opinion of the forgery was abandoned, however, 
when I learned this FAMOUS document issued from the press under the 
auspices of his devoted personal friends and of the relation to whom it 
was addressed. 

I had hoped that my political career and with it my political dissentions 
had terminated. At the close of the last convention I deliberately resolved 
to withdraw from all public employment whatever, and for the future, to 
seek peace and retirement in the bosom of my own family far — far, and 
forever removed from the bustle and contention — the hopes and the honors 
of political life. This resolution has been, up to this period, strictly ad- 
hered to; for since that time I have been more secluded from the public 
eye, than the writer from the PRISON of the Ocordado; I have confined 
myself exclusively to the pursuits of agriculture, and have not been ten 
miles from home in the colony of Austin. This resolution I fondly wished 
still to adhere to, and would never have troubled the public with anything 

a From a proof sheet copy. See Austin to Perry, August 25, 1834. 



26 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

under my name, except for the wanton manner in which in this letter my 
political reputation and domestic happiness have been assailed. But for 
this the follies the errors, and the inconsistencies of Austin might FOR ME 
have slumbered in forgetfulness — or been remembered only to be laughed 
at. If nothing else a sincere and tender regard for the feelings of many 
individuals who are mutual friends would have prevented me from publicly 
exposing him; since his unprovoked attack, however, all of these considera- 
tions go for NOTHING; and although his being a prisoner forbids a full 
expose of his many misrepresentations at present; yet a high a sacred and 
a never-to-be-forgotten duty which I owe to truth, to myself, to my family 
and friends forces me to repel such CALUMNIES the moment they meet 
my eye. Whether the calumniator be in the PRISON of Ocordado, or even 
at the foot of the altar, I therefore pronounce his insinuations and assertions 
so far as they charge me with perpetuating his imprisonment, rejoicing 
at his sufferings, or attempting his ruin to be false. Yes! wilfully and 
maliciously false. — Thus much for the present. 

In conclusion, I pledge myself when this obeyer of instructions this man 
of so many personal friends, this disinterested benefactor of Texas, this 
oracular weathercock, this political Proteas this innocent victim, this maker 
of mottos, this organizer of parties, this presumptious dictator returns, 
to brand him on the forehead with a mark that shall outlast his epitaph. 

Wm. H. Wharton. 

Eagle Island, Nov. 9, 1334. 

Henry Austin to James F. Perry 

Brazoria 14, Nov— 1834 
Mr J F Perry 

My Dear Sir I found your letter at home on my arrival from St. Felipe. 
I was under great alarm for the course of political matters in this munici- 
pality, not daring to hope that so decisive a pronouncement would be 
made by the people of this Jurisdiction as has been made altho almost 
unanimous in the upper one, I therefore coincided with McKinney and 
yourself that something ought to be done, and as the paper you sent me 
was informal and not as I thought sufficiently explicit, I drew the one 
enclosed and came to town to consult and arrange with you or McKinney 
as to the best mode of circulating it for signatures — I now find that 
McKinney is gone — That there can be no doubt of the Elections going 
right — I have seen Gov r Smith this morning and he assured me he had 
issued notice to Waller as well as to other Ayuntamientos to hold the Elec- 
tion and if Waller neglected his duty he would order the Polls to be held 
at the usual places at the usual time I think this spontanious expression of 
public feeling much better than any that could have been brought about 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 27 

by any open exertions of the friends of Col A. — and as things are in a 
fair way to come out right our best policy is to avoid everything that can 
produce irritation and look with a single eye to the Elections, with a sound 
Ayuntamiento legally installed all will go right. 

You must not decline the nomination for first Regidor it will not give 
you much trouble and the ticket your name is on will be carried by a strong 
vote which will make us safe — I am glad to learn Stephen is to have 
a tryal at last for with anything like fair play and legal decision he will 
come off with flying colors 

H Austin [Rubric] 

I enclose the paper I drew up to show you I have not been idle. 1 

[Enclosure] 

address to the public 

By this Public declaration 

Be it Known 
That we the undersigned Citizens of the Mexican Republic, and of the 
State of Coahuilla and Texas; Resident in the Municipality of Columbia, 
(heretofore called Brazoria) being seriously alarmed by the late unauthor- 
ised call of an Election of members to a Revolutionary Congress; Jeopardiz- 
ing as we believe the security of our families and our dearest rights and 
interests, and tending, if acquiesced in by the people to the utter ruin of 
all our hopes in Texas; Feel it incumbent upon us to make this our Public 
Protest against, and declaration of disent to, the unauthorized doings of a 
few ambitious agitators of revolutionary measures 

As Republicans, we hold to the immutable republican principle, that in 
a republican community, no measure involving the peace, security and 
happiness of the people, should be adopted without the assent of a majority 
of the people, fairly called for and distinctly expressed — 

Yet we have seen as we conceive our most sacred rights and privileges 
usurped, and sentiments expressed upon our responsibility, which we do 
not, nor ever have, subscribed to; 

We therefore deem it our duty to ourselves and to our fellow Citizens of 
the other municipalities of Texas, to permit no longer by our Silence, a 
few aspiring ambitious men — Zealous to promote their own elevation and 
individual advantage, but reckless of consequences to the great body of the 
people; to use our names or assume the right of thinking for, or dictating 
to us the Political course we shall pursue, without our knowledge or con- 
sent; — 

1 The document which follows is probably the one to which Austin refers. 



28 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

We distinctly avow our decided disapprobation of the attempt, made by 
the political chief, to obtain an election of members to a revolutionary 
Congress — without calling for the sense of the people, or even consulting 
the Central Committee, appointed by a convention to warn the People of 
political dangers — 

Because we view the measure as an unwarantable assumption of authority 
TO DICTATE to the people 

Because we deem the measure to be fraught with the most ruinous con- 
sequences to the people of Texas; as directly at variance with the true 
interests of our adopted country, tending to confirm all the unfounded 
suspicions (which have been created by evil minded persons,) of our 
revolutionary and rebellious dispositions, and destructive of all confidence, 
both at home and abroad, in the stability and security of political rights 
and in the rights of person and property in Texas; Which we Consider to 
be the basis of all public and private prosperity — 

Because we conceive that the Gen 1 Gov 1 - by the repeal of the 11 art. of 
the obnoxious 6 April law — and leaving us until this late period exempt — 
from the payment of imposts [and] duties, paid by the people of all other 
parts of the republic, has shown a most paternal regard for our pros- 
perity — 

Because we believe that the State Congress has given us all the Elements 
of good government order and Security under the law, by enacting laws 
establishing a system of Jurisprudence adapted to our situation with tryal 
by jury, which if carried out according to the provisions of the law and 
sustained by the people, would place Justice within the reach of every 
Citizen, ACCORDING TO THE JUDGEMENT OF HIS PEERS; HIS 
OWN NEIGHBORS OR EQUALS: 

Because we believe that the arrest and cruel imprisonment of our envoy 
to the Gen 1 Gov*- — (Col Austin) has been occasioned not by any hostile 
feeling on the part of the members of Gov 1 - — but by false and malicious 
charges, made by evil minded, malignant persons, resident in Texas and 
laid before the Gov 1 - in such a shape that it became its imperious duty to 
take notice of them 

Because we are convinced that however desirable a state Gov 1 - may be 
if obtainable by moral force (constitutional and legal means) that it has 
become less necessary to our prosperity since the establishment of a system 
of Jurisprudence which is calculated to give us most of the benefits without 
the enormous expense of sustaining a state gov 1 - 

Because we conscientiously believe, that the frequent agitations of po- 
litical revolutionary measures in Texas, tends not only to bring us into 
collision with the state and gen 1 Gov ls - without a chance of success in a 
Contest in arms; but by passing to the United States of the north with 
exaggeration destroys all confidence there in the security of property in 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 29 

Texas, prevents the immigration of men of Capital and force, renders prop- 
erty valueless, and blights forever the hopes we have entertained of seeing 
"The Wilderness blossom as The rose" 

Therefore we feel it to be a duty from which we can no longer abstain 
to take this method of making known our disapprobation of any and all 
revolutionary measures and our dissatisfaction with "the Choice Spirits" 
who arrogate to themselves the right of thinking and acting for us; Sin- 
cerely hoping that hereafter they will have the modesty to leave it to the 
people to discover their virtues and talents and to wait for a call upon 
them, whenever their aid or Counsel may be required 

And to the end that this expression of Sentiment may not be taken to be 
that of a small number of Citizens, We have adopted this mode of defining 
the public feeling by Circulating this decalaration that every mans name 
may stand in evidence of his views and wishes 

Dated in Columbia this day of November 1834 

H. Austin to James F. Perry 

Brazoria 24, Nov r 1834 
Mr J F Perry 

My dear Sir My correspondent by the St Felipi, says, in confidence that 
"President Jackson has some weeks since been assured by Express that no 
harm would come to Col A, in reply to a communication made to Santa 
Ana in his behalf, further my informant is not at liberty to say" between 
ourselves this information is derived from Forsyth sec y of State 

I am sorry to hear Emily is unwell, She must not be anxious about 
Stephen, all is going well and will come out well, if we can keep from 
starving mean time which I find it difficult to do 

H Austin [Rubric] 

P. W. Grayson: Memorandum of Conversation 

Mexico Nov 1834— 
Colo Bradburn in Conversation informed me that General Mason 1 had 
said to him that Colo Austin was the Author of a certain representation, by 
the Ayuntamiento of Anahuac, on the subject of his (Bradburns) Difficul- 
ties there etc, strongly censuring him 

He Bradburn also told me that Mason had said to him that Austin after 
an interview with him Bradburn on the subject of some powder that had 
been brought into Texas and promising to have it destroyed in some way 

1 General John T. Mason, representative of the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Com- 
pany. 



30 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

or other — boasted that he Austin had deceived the aforesaid Bradburn in 
that respect. — and that the powder was safely kept for purposes etc 

P W Grayson 
Memo of Conversations with Colo Bradburn Mexico 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney 

Mexico Dec. 2. 1834 (in prison) 
To Thos. F. McKinney, 

Dr Sir, Don Ramos Arispe and D. Victor Blanco visited me this day, 
and informed me that the difficulties between Monclova and Saltillo had 
been terminated by the decission of the President Genl. Santana to whom 
the subject was referred by the treaty between the contending parties. By 
this decision of the President the seat of Government of the State is to 
remain at Monclova in conformity with the law fixing it there. The acting 
Gov 1 *- Algue Sabal [Elguezabal] is to continue until a Gov r - is elected by the 
people of the State. A new election is to be ordered for the whole state for 
Gov r - vice Gov r - Councillers, members of the legislature and of congress. 

I am informed that the President considered this last clause to be neces- 
sary for a final and amicable termination of this entangled business, by 
refering it directly to the source and origin of power, the people so as to 
give a voice to the department of Saltillo which it had not in the September 
election. 

The object of the President is to terminate all the local disputes and give 
to every part of the State an unembarased voice in the election of all the 
public functionaries. This is certainly a most important and desirable 
object, and the means which have been adopted to attain it are probably 
the best if not the only ones that the confused State of the circumstances 
will admit. 

Under this view I recommend that the people of Texas unanimously 
sustain the decission of the President and proceed without any hesitation 
or doubt to hold new elections in conformity with the orders that are to 
be circulated by the Gov r of the State in conformity with said decission. 
It will be an honourable evidence of the disposition of those people to pro- 
mote harmony and union with the other parts of the state. 

I have no doubt that the persons who were elected in September last 
will cheerfully acquiesce in this measure, and I for one of them frankly 
say that I do so. 

It is to be hoped that at the election care will be taken in each of the 
departments in Texas to select as deputies to the legislature men person- 
ally known to the people, familiar with their necessities, and closely iden- 
tified with them in property, interest, and actual residence. There is little 
doubt that representatives so circumstanced would be more likely to serve 
the interests of their constituents than wiser men who do not reside among 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 31 

them. Texas now has three members, but if persons are chosen who do not 
reside there, it would seem as tho nothing had been gained by the aug- 
mentation of representatives. 

In the selection of the other public functionaries the good sence of the 
people will of course lead them to choose men of strict probity impartiality 
and established character and principles who will attend impartially and 
honestly to the gen 1 - prosperity of every part of the state. 

I expect that my affairs will terminate so as to enable me to reach 
Monclova in February. 

I wish you to show this letter to my friends and make such use of it as 
you think best for the attainment of the object which is harmony and 
union between all parts of the State and union in sustaining the measures 
of the President as to the new elections 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

All is going well. The President Gen L Santana has solemnly and offi- 
cially declared that he will sustain the federal republican system as estab- 
lished by the constitution of 1824 and all parties will unite to support him 
in this measure. Last year there was no local Gov*- in Texas. Now there 
is and your evils are remidied. So that all ought now to unite in promoting 
union and harmony with Coahuila and all parts of the State. These are 
the opinions of your fellow citizen 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

Gail Borden, Jr., to John P. Coles 

[December 2, 1834. See Calendar.] 

J. F. Perry to Susan Maxwell 

[December 3, 1834. See Calendar.] 



E. R. WlGHTMAN IN ACCOUNT WITH 

W. G. Whiteside 



E R Wightman 



Bot of W. G. Whiteside 

8 yds Calico @ 20 cts . % 1.60 

1 pr Gloves 0.38 

1 pr prunella shoes 3.00 

2 Hdkfs - 0.50 

Lining 1.00 

30 yds Kentucky linsy Woolsy 3/ '1 11.25 

5 yds Cassinet 20/ _j 12.50 

1 pr Coarse boots 5.00 

2 Large Brogans 5.00 

3 pr. Small shoes 12/ 4.50 



32 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

1 pr Red do 2.00 

1 Bll flour 8.00 

1 Roundabout 5.00 

Brandy and Demijon , 6.50 

7 yds Calico 20 cts 1.40 

5 Hats @ $3 15.00 

1 other pr shoes 2.00 



$84.63 
Due Bill for goods 15.37 



$100.00 
Do Cr. . . . 
By 1 Horse $75 and Cart $25 100.00 



Carry 5th Deer. 1834 

15 yds Kentucky Red 3/ $5.63 

5 Hdkfs 4/ 2.50 

1 pr drawers 1.00 

pd. Smiths boys 5.00 



Knife $1 $14.13 

James F. Perry to Austin 

Peach Point 7th Dec r - 1834 
Dear Brother 

We fondly hoped that long ere this we would have been enjoying your 
society at home but from your letter of the 25 th Aug., one to Williams of 
the 7 th September also a letter rec d from Mr. Grayson a few days after 
his arrival in the city leaves everything in uncertainty, but still we hope 
that ere this you have been released and you with our good friends Messrs 
Grason and Jack are on your return and will soon meet your numerous 
friends once more in Texas. Who will meet you with unfained pleasure, 
with regard to famaly matters, nothing new has occured since Mr. Grason 
left. Emily has had the fever a great part of the time for the last season, 
she has not had it for two weeks, and I hope will now enjoy her health 
once more Now for political affairs, a short time before I rec d your letter 
of the 25 th August Henry Smith our Political Cheaf (he who had his head 
graised at Velasco) — came out in our Brazoria paper with a very urgent 
address to the people of Texas recommending a convention and a state 
Gov 1 - this address had hardly got dry from the press untill he rec d from 
Judge Chambers, Oliver Jones, and Bascas [Vasquez] the other member 
of Congress for Texas a plan of calling a convention together with a request 
from the people of Bexar for delegates to be elected in Texas to meet in 
convention at Bexar on 15 th Nov. a few days before the election an address 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 33 

from the central committee in reply to the cheafs first address came out 
in hand bills 1 which was in direct opposition to the opinions of the cheaf 
which had its influence, and in fact the people are heartily tired of high 
handed and revolutionary measures and almost with one voice opposed 
the measure in toto I have not heard of any elections being held anywhere 
but within this jurisdiction and only in three electorial district here viz. 
Brazoria Columbia and Velasco at Brazoria there was 57 against a con- 
vention and 16 for it at Columbia 24 against and 23 for at Velasco there 
was actually not more than from 7 to 10 legal votes to be given but at 
the time of the election there was two or three vessels lying there with their 
crews and passengers and to accomodate I supose Mr Wharton and Dc* 
Archer they all went forward and voted for there candidate and I have 
been told there was between 50 and 60 votes taken there when there was 
not more than ten in the precinct but it all availed them nothing as they 
were completely headed and broke down and so I hope they will remain. 2 
Your letter of 25 th came to hand a very short time before this election 
was to take place I showed it to McKinney, Williams, Bell and several 
others of your friends and they all concured in urging the publication of it 
and accordingly it was, and has been widely circulated both in the paper 
and handbills and all who I have conversed with it on the subject say they 
think it has had and will have a good effect, the tryo Chambers and 
Whartons are now as politically dead as if they were buried. Chambers 
has been at San Felipe but has not attemted to enter on his duties as a 
judge I hear he has gone back to Monclova, he met with the coldest 
kind of a cold reception in the colony and I expect he was glad to get out 
of it again. Since I commenced this I saw your letter of the 18 th Oct to 
McKinney I am sorry you are so much deceived with regard to the 
Whartons conduct towards you. you are more decieved than ever if you 
think one of the tryo has the least good feeling toward you or that they 
ever had. no it is far from their remotest thoughts I saw the paper that 
Waller and Wharton signed 3 it was nothing but a statment of facts which 
neither of them could or dare deny it was drawn up at the request of 
McKinney and myself by W. H. Jack and their willingness to sign it was not 
from any kind feelings towards you. their motives were widely different 
they discovered that your cituation was causing a strong a very strong 
excitement throughout the colony and Texas and Whartons only motive 
was to go with the current to gain popularity and to check the warm 

October 28, 1834, above. 

2 For this movement to organize a state government, see Barker, The Life of Stephen 
F. Austin, 468-469. 

3 Ayuntimento of Brazoria to Congress, July 31, 1834. Omitted from this pub- 
lication. 



34 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

excitement felt on your a/c at the same time he was taking every oppor- 
tunity to caluminate and abuse you all this we knew when we got him to 
sign the memorial but never dreamt that you could be deceived by such a 
manuever Spencer Jack knew his motives he can inform you. None of 
your conciliatory centiments towards such fellows shall ever be published 
by [me] nor will they by McKinney on this subject I know his centiments 
these fellows are not deserving of an[y] friendly sentiment from yourself 
and I hope may never make another advance towards a reconciliation I 
dont wish to quarl with but hold them at a distance as you would tainted 
meat they are not deserving of confidence or one good feeling from you 
or those who are your sincere well wishers these are my opinions I have 
always thought that I was of as forgiving a disposition [as] any person 
ought to be but a man or set of men who would persecute me as they 
have you I never could meet them on terms of friendship. W. H. Wharton 
took great offense at your letter and came out in a very violent card 
against you 4 but I believe before he got them printed he got ashamed of it 
himself and tryed to suppress it a few of the proof sheets got out and I 
am told his best friends decountenance it. 

There is a great reaction in public opinion since you left crops throught 
[throughout] the colony has been very good this season (with the excep- 
tion of this imediate neighbourhood our crops here was about ruined with 
the worm not more than a third made) everything is prospering a con- 
siderable emigration is coming in both by land and water and the people 
apear well contented without any more conventions. McKinney is now in 
New Orleans of which I expect he has informed me. he is a man of entire 
worth Williams says he is going to Montclova very soon I have not 
offered any of your land for sale as I have not seen any necessity for 
selling there was a small claim against you which was pressed but Wil- 
liams with- a little aid I gave him has settled it so he informs me. Sterling 
C. Robinson 5 is cavolting about in the upper colony at a great rate he is 
taring up all that was done by Austin and Williams, he will hardly let the 
hills and rivers stand that they happened to have crossed with a chain. 
While Chambers was up the country he wrote an expose for Robinson 
which has been published in which he makes heavy charges against you — 
but all these things are now prety generally understood and if Williams 
goes on and has that business straightened all these assertions will go back 
on themselves with double force 

Cap 1 - Henry Austins family was all well a few days since, he gets along 
but badly in Texas. I had a letter from Mr. Learning a few days since 
he says the Fox suit is still in court and hopes it will come to an ishue this 

'November 9, 1834, above. 

5 See, Concerning Robertson's Colony, July 2, 1834, and Barker's Austin, Chapter XI. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 35 

month he sent you a new map of Texas a second edition of the one you 
furnished he had heard you had got home and wishes you to write to him 
What was the situation of your a/c with Jno Austin Wm T. Austin as 
adm. r of his Brother has been selling notes which was in his brothers 
possession of yours one I know of against Thomas Westall for 611$ this 
I presume was only log d - with John for collection if so it ought not to be 
paid to the assignee of his adm r - 

[James F. Perry] 

J. B. Miller to Perry 

Dec 10. 1834 
Mr. J F. Perry 

D Sir I have taken the liberty to refer to you in relation to a school 
Miss Trask has just opened in Coles settlement She is from the state of 
New York, and well qualified in every respect, the Boarding establishment 
will be conducted by Mrs Hays a verry respectable old lady boarding can 
be got any where in the neighborhood, the situation is a pleasant and healthy 
one. Should any one call upon [you] for information you can with 
confidence say to them what I have said to you — with this young lady 
I am well acquainted 

J B Miller [Rubric] 

W. S. Parrott to James h. Perry 

Mexico Dec 24 th 1834 
James F. Perry 

Peach Point 
Dr Sir 

Your favour of the 29 th Oct last came to hand last mail its enclosure 
was sent to its address its owner still remaining in the Same Situation 
he was in when I wrote you on the 28 th August there appears however to 
be a greater probability of his being at liberty soon[er] than when I wrote 
you last He wants for nothing and is promised that when the Congress 
meets in a few days he will come out 

W. S. Parrott [Rubric] 
I have offered to be Col A's security and he is expected to be released 
to morrow or next day. 

W. S. Parrott 

Ramon Musquiz to Ayuntamiento of San Felipe 

[December 26, 1834. See Calendar.] 

J. B. Guerra to Austin 

Recibi de D. n Estevan Austin la cantidad de doscientos cuarenta pesos 
($240,) por honorarios y costo del papel sellado en la causa que se le ha 



36 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

formado imputandosele proyectos de formar de Tejas un Estado de la 
Federacion separado de coahuila. Mejico diciembre 30 de 334. 

J. B. Guerra [Rubric] 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 

Mexico Dec r 31 1834 

My friend I can at last inform you that I am at liberty. I was discharged 
from prison on the 25 th (Christmas day) by giving bail not to leave the 
federal district. I consider this almost equal to a full acquital, for a verry 
minute investigation of my case was made before bail was allowed. It 
will probably take a month to conclude my business so that I can start 
home, tho my friends think it will be finished much sooner. I hope to see 
you in Monclova when the Legislature meets. 

My health is tolerably good and improving very fast. Congress ought 
to meet tomorrow, but there was not a majority of the Senate up to last 
night — the others are expected to day. 

All I can say about political affairs, is that I have been too long out of 
the world to know much about them, and those who have had better op- 
portunities seem to know as little — en fin, parece que nadie entiende las 
cosas, las personas, ni aun a si mismo. 

Great political difficulties are feared by many, while others seem to rely 
on a peace of exhaustion — the want of means to revolutionise — 

Texas, as a matter of course, will remain tranquil — a dead calm as to 
politics, and activity as to farming and planting, will insure the prosperity 
of that country. 

There are a number of cotton factories building here and at Puebla. 
They appear to rely very much on Texas for a regular supply of cotton. 
I think that this market will be tolerably steady for a few years, at fifteen, 
to twenty cents delivered at Vera Cruz — tho this calculation is below what 
others make. ' 

I see that the Gov 1 - have done one thing which I urged last year, (as 
was then said) with intemperate energy, that is the establishment of a 
weekly mail to the Sabine river. 

All I will say at present as to Texas is that during my stay here I shall 
not loose sight of the interests of that country, nor permit past sufferings 
to discourage me. At present I see no material good that can result from 
Stiring the State question by the people of Texas, and for this reason 1 
have in my former letters recommended silence, or at least a calm on that 
question at home. Enough has been done to attract the attention of the 
principal men — to induce investigation. In my case the memorials of the 
convention, that of Bexar of 19 Dec r - 1832 and many other papers on the 
subject have been carefully examined — the subject is now understood, which 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 37 

it was not before, and I believe that the opinion is becoming fixed that 
Texas ought to have a local Gov*- without any delay; and that the people 
of that country, or myself have never had any designs to separate from the 
Mexican republic. My liberty depended on this latter idea, and the best 
proof that can be given that it is no longer believed Texas wished to 
separate from the Nation, is the fact of my liberation. One of the main 
objects of my mission was obtained last year by the repeal of the 11 article 
of the April law. The other the State question remain d pending. The past 
will not, in any manner, deter me from moving it in Congress again pro- 
vided I see any prospect of doing good. But more can now be obtained 
by mildness, than by any other means, and for the plain reason, that at 
this time the nation is almost prostrated as to physical force, but has more 
pride than ever. In this state of things, the Gov*- would do much, if it had 
the appearance of confering a favor — but nothing that would seem to be 
conceded to threats or violence. 

I believe that the interference of D Lucas Alaman contributed very ma- 
terially to my liberation. He visited me frequently in prison, and so did 
D. Ramos Arispe, Almonte and Victor Blanco. I can have no doubt of the 
friendly disposition of these gentlemen towards me. The president Santana 
has uniformly expressed himself friendly to me. I have not yet seen him — 
but little can be said in favor of his political course in general, So I will 
say no more about him. 

Send this to Perry — Miller Martin etc. 

S. F. A. 

Will write next mail 

[undeciperable] is well 

Al Senor D. Samuel M Williams o J B Miller San Felipe De Austin Texas 
Samuel M. Williams to James F. Perry 

San Felipe 7 th Jan^ 1335 
Dear Sir 

With this I send you a letter from the Col [Austin] 2 d Decem r in Mexico: 
which will inform you of his health etc, and further that the president of 
the Republic, to whom was referred the difficulties between Monclova and 
Saltillo has recommended new elections througout the State for Gov r Vice 
Gov r members of Legislature etc. 

This will retard the meeting of Congress or more properly the Legis- 
lature until March — The friends of the Col at this place are determined 
in following up the old ticket and elect him and McKinney again. 

x That is, elect Austin as member of the legislature with Thomas F. McKinney 
for suplente or alternate. Austin had been elected in the fall of 1834, but Santa 
Anna, acting as moderator between Saltillo and Monclova, had called for new elections. 



38 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

I have got the Ayuntam to of this place to report favourably to the gov*- 
respecting our Colony 2 and I shall leave this place about the 20 th for Mon- 
clova 

It is truly said that it is an "ill wind that blows no body any good" now 
I think that this head flaw on the Legislature will enable me to stop the 
head way of my big JEFF 3 "who would be taller than any of his tribe from 
the shoulders and upwards" At any rate it gives me much hope and 
good spirits. Present me kindly to Mrs. Perry and also the kind remem- 
brances of my wife and believe me truly yours 

Sam l M. Williams [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr. James F. Perry Gulf Prairie Mr Pace 

William B. Bridgers to Gail Borden, Jr. 

[Lavaca (January?) 9, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Elisha Flack to Gail Borden, Jr. 

[January 10, 1835. See Calendar.] 

G. B. Jameson to Gail Borden, Jr. 

[Orozimbo, Texas (January ?) 11, 1835. See Calendar.] 

John M. Austin to Austin 

[Montpelier, Vt., January 14, 1835. Recently saw in a New York paper 
a sketch of Moses Austin giving an account of the colonization of Texas. 
Had an uncle named Moses Austin, born at Pittsfield, Mass., son of Ben- 
jamin Austin and Ann Goodrich. Was this the Austin who began the 
colonization of Texas? Inquires about conditions in Texas with a view to 
moving there.] 

Samuel M. Williams to James F. Perry 

Columbia 14 th Jan* 1835 
Dear Sir 

Last evening Mr. Jack handed me yours of 12 th inst, in which you ask 
for some information relative to a claim against the Estate of T. Westall 
deceased in favor of Mr Larkin and Messrs Deckhaws of Tennessee. 

2 Robertson Colony, see July 2, 1834. and Barker, Life of Stephen F. Austin, Chap- 
ter XI. 

3 Thomas Jefferson Chambers, who was assisting Robertson against Austin and 
Williams. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 39 

A long time has elapsed since I had any connection with that business, 
in fact so long that my memory will not permit me to undertake at this 
place attempting any detail. When I get home I will hunt up old memo- 
randums etc etc and make out the best statement I can. It is true that 
Mr. Westall always declared that he had Co-partners and the names of 
Messrs Deckhaws is perfectly familiar, and I have no doubt that there 
is an amount due which the old gentleman was ever determined should be 
paid, in fact he always expressed much gratitude to the elder Deckhaw. 

I enclose the assumpsit of Mr Westall in favor of Col. Austin — And will 
advise Mr. McKinney respect Mr. Gregory's claim and the adjustment with 
Mr McNeil 

I have made my arrangements to leave San Felipe about the 20 th - And 
you may rely upon it their be men I shall not forget Col Austin and 
myself are deeply indebted to for injuries, and pay them in their own Coin. 

Present me kindly to Mrs Perry and the children and that I hope in a 
month to see her Brother [Stephen F. Austin] at Monclova 

Sam l M Williams [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr. James F Perry Peach Point M A Bryan — 

James F. Perry to Lastraps and Desmare 

Peach Point Near Brazoria Texas 
Jan* 15th 1835 
Messrs. Lastraps and Desmare [New Orleans] 
Gentle n - 

Your Favour of 28th Nov enclosing bills of articles ship d - p r Schooner 
Helin Mar, was duely recieved and you have no doubt been informed of the 
fate of that vessel, the vessel and cargo was all most a total loss, the 
greater part of the Goods which came to shore was stolen the articles sent 
to me were all lost I beleave except 11 BB1 Flour and 1 do Mackeral. A 
Mr. Andrews will inform you more particularly; who will forward you 
the necessary vouchers to recover the insurance I hope they were inshured. 
having but lately commenced opening a farm I had put Little land in 
cotton last season and the worm distroyed the greater part of that Little 
as well as all the cotton in my emedeate neigbourhood. there was scarce 
one third of a crop made. It was my intention to have shiped you what 
Little I made but on enquiry I found unless the dueties amounted to 200$ 
the money would have to be paid to the collector: I concluded it would 
be more trouble to you than promt and I got one of my neighbours to 
ship it with his crop it went up in the S[chooner] Brazoria and sold for 
16c. It was some disapointment the loss of the articles you sent me. but 
I hope you will recover the inshurance on them. The cotton crops in this 
county was verry fine with the Exception of some 5 or 6 plan[ta]tions in 



40 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

my neighbourhood which was destroyed by the worm since last march 
we have generally and verry fine wether the fall and winter so 
far has been verry much pleasant and dry. Mr. Somervell returned 
from New York in the San Felepe in nov. but I am sorry to say that he 
has not got near all his goods to San Felepe yet. he might have got them 
up in the steam [boat] Cayuga which went up but his partner was not will- 
ing to risk it. The boat however got up without any accident he tarryed 
at least one month too long in New York for his benefit please inform me 
whether you have recovered the inshurance on the Empress also the lost 
on the Helin Mar 

J F Perry [Rubric] 

Austin 1 to Samuel M. Williams 

Mexico Jan^ 21, 1835 
S M Williams 
Dr Sir, 

I am told (but know not if truly) that the three claims 2 I bought in 
Saltillo in 1833 [1832] have been sold again several times by the original 
grantee, since he sold them to me I apprise you of this that proper care 
may be taken to prevent being cheated by such bad faith and unprincipled 
conduct. 

I hope to leave here in two or three weeks and to meet you in Monclova 
I shall try to get there by the 1 of March Austin's business is not yet 
finished but he expects it will be in ten or twelve days so that he can leave — 
he stands well with the present administration and men now in power and 
also with the leading members of congress — but this is no time to do any 
thing — the politics of the day absorbe every thing and are of too much 
interest to permit anyone to think of other matters. 

All is peace and it is believed will so remain for a while at least. If it 
can be done I wish to arrange my affairs so as to remain but a short time 
in Texas, say two months at most 

[Addressed:] (Estado de Coahuila y Texas) Al Sor D. Samuel M. 
Williams en la villa de Austin 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Military Superior 

[Bexar, January 27, 1835. Ordering detachment to Matagorda and 
Lavaca to prevent smuggling which goes on in great volume.] 

1 The letter is unsigned, but is in Austin's writing. 

2 Three eleven-league grants that Austin bought from Mexican grantees. He had 
given instructions for the location of one of the grants on the Colorado River, beginning 
at the foot of the mountains. See Austin to Williams, May 9, 1832. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 41 

J. M. Gutierrez de Estrada to 

[Mexico, January 25, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Samuel M. Williams to N. J. Dobie 
[San Felipe, Janary 27, 1835. Land.] 

Baker and Bordens to J. F. Perry 
[San Felipe, January 29, 1835. L. Abbotts visits Columbia to obtain 
assistance in starting a printing press at San Felipe. Williams, Miller, and 
Somervell will help.] 

David Silcrigs to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[January 29, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Austin to J. F. Perry 

Mexico Feb. 6, 1835 
Dr. Brother, 

I send you by Mr. [Peter W.] Grayson a copy of the exposition I have 
published, defending the people of Texas, and myself. 1 I wish you to 
preserve it, as I find I shall have no copies left. I think I shall leave in 
ten or fifteen days for Monclova. I am waiting for the publication of the 
general amnesty law, which it is said will be done tomorrow or next day, 
when I shall be free once more for I am still on bail. 

Col Butler 2 has refused to give me up my last note of 1900 and odd 
dollars which I paid to Whitesides alleging that Whitesides had drawn on 
me for more than he was authorised to do. Whitesides receipt as Butlers 
agent is in my desk and I wish you to see him, and let him know that if 
Butler refuses to give up my note I shall hold Whitesides responsible. 
He must show his authority from Butler to draw. 

If you can get along without selling land I wish you to do so, as it 
will be a sacrifice to sell now. The league adjoining and below St. Felipe, 
and the one on the West Bernard (a prairie league) must not be sold for 
any price as I may dispose of it otherwise. I send you some seeds. I refer 
you to Mr Grayson for all the news. I hope that a dead calm will reign 
all over Texas for many years to come — and that there will be no more 
excitements of any kind whatever. 

Cotton will be high here next year. There are a great many large factories 
building in various places by foreigners — the demand for Texas cotton 
will be very great, deliver d at Vera Cruz. 

I do not write to my friends, because I cannot write to all, and Grayson 
can tell them all the news. 

iExplanation to the Public concerning the affairs of Texas. Translation by Ethel 
Zivley Rather, Quarterly of Texas State Historical Association, VIII, 232-258. 

2 For Austin's relations with Anthony Butler, see Barker, Life of Stephen F. Austin, 
286-287. 



42 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

I look forward with the most heartfelt anxiety to the period when I 
shall be restored to you all once more, so that I can enjoy your society 
and that of my friends in a log cabbin, or a camp — far very far from 
the intrigues and vilinous intanglements of palaces and politics. 

My opposition to a territory last year has been the main cause of all my 
entanglements — but I did my duty and under the same circumstances I 
would do again just as I did in 1833. 

I have more friends here now than I ever had, and so has Texas — my 
exposition has had a good effect — tho I am told that I shall be attacked in 
the newspapers, or that a reply will be given to it etc. I fear nothing 
from such an attack. 

Remember me to all your neighbors and my friends in general when 
you see them and to J. H Bell and the Jacks, McKinny, Miller, Martin, 
Burnett etc in particular 

Love to all the children. I hope they are learning fast. Love to Eliza 
and Phillips. 

Mr Grayson has a project to establish a cotton factory by a company 
which I am much in favor of and have authorised him to take stock for me. 
Texas has cost me trouble and labor enough, and I hope yet to see some 
happy days there. I have seen but few as yet. I presume my friend S. M. 
Williams is at Monclova, for which reason I do not write to him. I re- 
quested you and him to distroy the letters I sent by Offutt without showing 
them to any one, which I hope was done. Calm, a dead calm, is all that 
Texas needs — make good crops, and send them to Vera Cruz, Tampico etc. 
Remember me to H. Austin and his family. Tell them to keep up good 
spirits — the dark days have passed, if you can only keep good health. 

your affectionate brother 

Stephen. 

[Addressed:] Mr. James F. Perry near Brazoria Texas Mr Grayson 

Andrew Ponton to Gail Borden, Jr. 

[Gonzales, February 13, 1835. Concerning deed for a league of land 
on Lavaca for his father, William Ponton.] 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 

[From Williams Papers, Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

Mexico Feb. 14. 1835 
S. M. Williams 
My good friend, 

I confidently hoped to have met you at Monclova by the 1 of March, but 
I find that I cannot — I think I shall be able to leave here in about 15 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 43 

days, tho I cannot say to a certainty — I have some idea of employing 
this interval in trying to get some aid of the Gen 1 - Gov 1 - towards opening 
a road from Texas to the Paso del norte, or in a direct line (or as nearly 
so as the country will admit) to Chihuahua I speak of this interprise in 
my exposicion copies of which I have sent to Monclova and by this mail 
I send you One, I sent one to you two days ago directed to Austin — It 
has been very well received here, and has satisfied every reasonable man — 
I believe that Texas has more friends in the Gov 1 - and in Mexico now, than 
it ever had before. I can say the same as to myself — 

I cannot believe that such men as Robertson and Chambers can have 
any influence at Monclova and I confidently expect that the evil they have 
done will be remedied — There was [never] a more outrageous injustice 
done to anyone than that committed by Vidauri in renewing the contract 
for the upper colony in direct violation of our rights — you must attend 
to that business 1 — I will be there as soon as I can to aid in putting things 
to rights once more. 

I have reason to believe that Mason and Mexia 2 tryed to do me all the 
injury they could and to perpetuate my imprisonment as long as they 
could — they never forgave me for opposing their schemes to make a 
territory of Texas and their monopolies of land etc and I shall be well 
satisfied if they will remain my enemies for the balance of their lives — 
Tony- and them are birds of the same feather — 

An effort was made in Jan y - to make a territory of Texas, but it failed — 
another effort was about to be made when my esposicion came out, which 
has also died away. 

The last clause of my esposicion was intended to kill this project, and 
it has had the effect. A proposicion was made sometime since to renew 
the 11 article of the law of 6 april 4 which I am told will die en commis- 
sion — so that upon the whole my personal sufferings will result to the 
advantage of Texas, by removing prejudices and leading to inquiries that 
have satisfied everyone — This is some consolation at least — It is in fact 
a full reward for all my trouble and persecution. 

1 For the history of the Robertson Colony controversy to which this paragraph 
refers, see Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, Chapter XI. 

2 John T. Mason and Jose Antonio Mexia. They represented the Galveston Bay 
and Texas Land Company in Mexico, trying to induce the government to recognize 
the company, which had taken over the empresario contracts of David G. Burnet, 
Lorenzo de Zavala, and Joseph Vehlein. 

3 "Tony" was Anthony Butler. 

4 The eleventh article of the Law of April 6, 1830, excluded from Texas emigrants 
from the United States. Austin had obtained the repeal of the article in December, 
1833. 



44 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

My constituents at home ought to be satisfied with me — I have done my 
duty towards them, regardless of my own personal interests or safety — - 
I have paid my own expenses and they have been very great indeed. 

The Chihuahua road is a great hobby with me — I intend to persevere 
untill it is completed, and then I am done with empresas — I have written 
to Chihuahua on the subject and think the whole influence of that state 
can be inlisted in this great enterprise — it is the last and only object of my 
ambition — 

Cotton will be in great demand here next year, it is so now — 

I saw an ascension by Mr. Robertson on the 12 instant — he descended 
14 leagues South of this beyond the mountain [s] that surround the valley 
of Mexico — he returned to day all well you will see it in papers — 
Grayson left last week for New Orleans via Vera Cruz — I am going to 
the Theatre so adios 

S. F. A. 

I am told Aguirrie has sold those claims a second time and perhaps a 
dozen times see to it before it is too late 5 — 

Write home that I am well — I am waiting for the Amnesty law, for I 
am still on bail — 

[Addressed:] (Coahuila y Texas) Al sor D. Samuel M. Williams 
Monclova 

James F. Perry to Joseph B. Heard 

[Peach Point, February 15, 1835. Reply to query concerning where- 
abouts of Samuel Maxwell. See Heard to Perry, October 24, 1834, and 
Susan W. Maxwell to Perry, April 20, 1835.] 

John Rice Jones to J. F. Perry 
[Columbia, February 15, 1835. See Calendar.] 

A. W. Cave to Gail Borden, Jr 
[Peach Creek, February 17, 1835. Report on surveying.] 

Ayuntamiento of Mina to Williams 
[Mina, February 25, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Ferguson and Hall to J. F. Perry 
[New Orleans, February 27, 1835. See Calendar.] 

°See Austin to Williams, January 21, 1835. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 45 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Mexico March 4 1835 
Dr Brother, 

I expected to have been on my way home before this, but my affairs 
are not yet concluded so that I can leave I hope however that I shall not 
be detained longer than all this month. 

The affairs of Texas are in a much better train for that country to become 
a state, than they ever have been. The subject was before the House of 
Representatives last week, and information was called for by the house 
from the executive which will be given in a few days, and is very favourable 
for Texas. The people there must not expect a state immediately, but the 
matter will be put in a train to make it a state within a reasonable and 
even short time — There will be an exemption of duties on cotton bagging 
iron steel and some other articles I have also recommended that a premium 
be given on Texas cotton shipped to Tampico and Vera Cruz also that 2 
companies of mounted riflemen be raised in Texas to be stationed high up 
on the Colorado and Brazos, for the purpose of defense and of opening 
the road to Chihuahua — also new mail routes — one from Goliad by LaBaca, 
Matagorda, Brazoria to San Felipe, and thence to Harrisburg Liberty and 
Nacogdoches, and several other things of interest to Texas, all of which 
are now under consideration by the Gov 1 - 

Col Almonte is the true and active friend of Texas in all these matters — 
The present minister of relations, Gutierrez Estrada, is a very enlightened 
and good man — As to myself, I have more friends here than I ever had 
before, and so has Texas 

Almonte has in the press a statistical notice of Texas, it will be out 
in a few days. 1 I have not seen it or any part of it, but he says it gives 
a favourable view of that country and its inhabitants — 

I hope that my friend Grayson will be with you by the time you get 
this — I can never sufficiently express my thankfulness to him and Jack — 
They are truly sterling men Tell Grayson that Butler told a man the other 
day, that the letters which he, Butler, wrote to Texas in my favor was what 
induced the people there to interest themselves for me so far as to send 
on Grayson and Jack — Butler., I suppose made this statement to try and 
injure me with the person he was talking to, for I do not visit nor even 
speak to him, and he wishes no doubt to make it appear that he tryed to 
serve me, so as to induce others to believe that I am ungratefull — so far 
from trying to serve me, I have reason to believe that he and Mason 

1 Noticia Estadistica sobre Tejas, Mexico, 1835. With the exception of some tables 
it is reprinted in Filisola, Memorias para la Historia de la Guerra de Tejas, II, 535—577. 
A translation by Carlos Castaneda is published in The Southwestern Historical Quar- 
terly, XXVIII, 177-222. 



46 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

and Mexia, would have kept me in a dungeon for years if they could and 
all because I obeyed the instructions of my constituents in opposing a 
territory for Texas — 

There has been a "/ W55 " at Vera Cruz — the soldiers in the castle mutinied 
and tied their officers etc. etc. have still possession of the castle — some 
think it is the beginning of another revolution, but I do not believe it is 
anything more than a mutiny of the Garrison, and that it will have no 
political result whatever — The country is perfectly tranquil in all parts, 
and things are going on well 

I think the Chihuahua road very important and have no doubt the 
people of Texas will all unite to open it — I think the Gen 1 - and state 
Gov ts - will aid and so will the state of Chihuahua, I have spoken to all 
the influential men here from that state about it, and they have written 
home in favor of the project — If the rifle companies are raised they will 
open the way in a few months and the Gov 1 - at present are in favor of 
recommending to congress that they should be raised — Calm, a dead calm, 
and close attention to farming, and no excitements nor party divisions, 
are all that Texas needs at present — 

Love to Sister and all the children — I hope to see you all some time, 
but really I have ceased making calculations when it will be 

We have had some extra amusements here lately — the ascension of Rob- 
ertson in a balloon a Grand Ball given by a select party of gentlemen with 
the British minister at their head. I was at it — there was quite a display — 
also some masquerades new operas etc. — But these things cannot divert 
my thoughts from Texas, and home, and I will try before I leave to have 
things put in a favourable train for that country to be a state before long — 

S. [F. Austin] 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Mexico March 10. 1835 
Dr. Brother, I fully expected to have been on my way home before this. 
I am however still on bail and cannot leave until the amnesty law is pub- 
lished and when that will be is uncertain. It was sent to the President yes- 
terday, and it is said that he will send it back to congress to be altered. 
If so it may be a month before it finally becomes a law. Inform Grayson 
of this — he will be surpised for when he left we both calculated the law 
would be published in a few days. This is a measure in which many 
thousands are deeply interested and one that the Gov 1 - and three fourths 
or more of both houses and all the influential men are anxious should 
pass, and yet it has to travel the usual snails pace of public matters. This 
example ought, of itself, to be a proof to some of those who are so ready 
to blame me at home, of the delay and difficulty of effecting anything here. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 47 

They know but little of these matters and of the mental torment I have 
suffered, to get anything done for Texas At this time the feeling in favor 
of Texas is much better and more favourable than it ever has been, and 
I believe that if the attention of Gov 1 - and of congress was not distracted 
by the disjointed state of the times, something material would be done for 
Texas, however it is really not so very important whether anything is done 
or not if a deal calm and union can be preserved in that country, imigra- 
tion — good crops — no party divisions — no excitements — no personalities 
should be the political creed of every one in Texas. 

The Chihuahua road should be opened by some means and must be, 
I think the Gen 1 Gov 1 will aid — the state of Chihuahua will aid I have 
heard from there on the subject In this matter, and probably in others 
Chihuahua and Texas will have the same interest. 1 

The political character of this country, seems to partake of its geological 
features — all is volcanic If there is sound judgment and common sense 
in Texas, the convulsions here will not affect that country The prosperity 
of Texas should flow onward like the silent current of a river — nothing 
from this quarter can, or will, impede its progress. This has always been 
my view of the subject, and hence it is that I have uniformly adopted 
(when left to my own judgment, or not controul d by circumstances) a 
silent, and concilliatory course. That policy has settled Texas, and if 
pursued a few years longer will secure its happiness and prosperity. 

Spain I presume will acknowledge the independence of Mexico very 
soon — the island of Cuba will then be open to us — it is the best market 
for beef cattle, oxen, hogs, horses, mules, corn, lard beans, peas etc in 
the world. I am trying to get a premium on Texas cotton shipped to Vera 
Cruz and Tampico — an exemption from duties and many other things in 
favor of Texas. The state question was taken up in the house of repre- 
sentatives a short time since and information called for from the execu- 
tive — it is now before the cabinet, and gaining friends dayly. My oppo- 
sition has had a most salutary influence, and placed Texas on high ground. 
The project of a territory is now totally dead, so much so that its advocates 
are now in favor, of a state. Even Bradburn 2 is now an active and warm 
advocate in favor of a state. There has been a great change since Grayson 
left in favor of Texas. Don Lucas Alaman, and Gutierrez Estrada the 
present minister of relations, are two of the best friends Texas has in 
Mexico. They are educated honest and honorable men, and as a matter 
of course have many enemies. Almonte is another friend of Texas, and 
an active one. He is printing an account of that country. He says it is 
favourable. I have not seen it, nor any part of it. 

*For the significance of the Chihuahua road see Barker, Life of Stephen F. Austin, 452. 
2 John Davis Bradburn, colonel in command of the Mexican garrison at Anahuac on 
Galveston Bay in 1832. He was expelled by an insurrectionary force of Texans. 



48 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

There is a "fuss" at Vera Cruz — the garrison of the castle mutinied tied 
their officers, and are bombarding the city. All the rest of the country is 
quiet. To say how long it will remain so would be the same as to say 
when Vesuvius will or will not explode — all this is of no consequence 
to Texas, if the people there will keep down party divisions and person- 
alities and make good crops. I wish that all the unquiet spirits in Texas 
would organize themselves into a corps and explore a good route for a 
wagon road to Chihuahua — in that way they can be usefull to Texas — 
much more so, than they, or any body else are aware of at present. 

The Chihuahua road is a great object for Texas, a vast link in its pros- 
perity, and no efforts should be left untried to open it as quick as possible — 
its influence will be known after it is opened, and not before. 

I rec d a letter from you not long since — the bad health of Emily afflicts 
me dreadfully — we have as yet rec d nothing from Texas but trouble and 
suffering, but I still hope that some better times are in store for us — as to 
my personal enemies I disregard them — I am laboring for their good, as 
much as for my own — honest men will say whether they repay me as I 
deserve, and to honest men I leave the matter, with a clear conscience. 
Tell Emily to keep up good spirits and laugh at all the slang of my 
enemies. They are only injuring themselves. 

Love to all the children — keep up the school and give them a good edu- 
cation. I hope you have not neglected to put a family on the league west 
of the Bernard — attend to this for if you have neglected it it may cost 
you very dear, also on all your other land — do not neglect this as others 
have done — comply rigidly with the law in every particular — as to settle- 
ment and payments. 

I am in tolerable health and very good spirits — tho much older in both 
respects than when I left home two years ago. 

Remember me to your neighbors and to Grayson and Jack and Bell and 
McKinney in particular. Tell McKinney that I shall have to draw for a 
thousand dollars on Gregory on the letter of credit that Grayson brought 
me. This trip will cost me about $10,000 dead loss besides my imprison- 
ment, and after all to be abused and calumniated by some of those I have 
been laboring to serve is not quite as agreeable as it might be — but such 
is man and human nature. 

Farewell may heaven bless you and prosper Texas 

S. F. Austin 

I send this by New Orleans. I wrote you on the 5 and Burnett on 
the 7 by mail. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 49 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 

[From the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

ft Mexico 14. de Marzo 1835 

S. M. Williams 

Mi Amigo, Esperaba carta de V. de esa piles en su ultima me dijo q e 
saldria de casa el 25 de enero p a Monclova — La espero en el procsimo 
correo — 

Nada han cambiado mis asuntos desde mi ultima, estoy todavia bajo 
fianzas aguardando la amnistia, y creo que quedare asi toda este mes 
por lo menos 

El motin de Ulua ha terminado por una reaccion entre los sublevados, 
y el castillo esta en poder del gobierno otra vez Todas las cosas estan 
quietas en todas partes, y yo no creo que se alteren, aunque no faltan 
opiniones de contrario sentido 

Espero que se arreglara como es justo escandaloso a [sun] to de Robin- 
son, y que no se permite q e aquel hombre malo embrollase los asuntos de 
colonizacion de una parte tan estensa e importante del pais Por mi parte, 
he trabajado de buena fe, y constancia inflecsible para el vien de Texas y 
de todo el estado — he cumplido mi deber como ciudadano, en cuanto he 
podido — El premio que he recibido hasta ahora ha sido muy malo — 
calumnias, sospechos, persecuciones etc. 

Las verdaderas autores y principal promotores de las ecsaltaciones en 
Texas en favor de separarse de Coahuila, han sido premiados por Gob. 
de aquel estado — I quienes son los partidarios de Robinson? I No 
es el punado de hombres violentos y moltosos que han movido las ecsalta- 
ciones en Brazoria y su vecindad? El Gob. ha sido enganado por Chambers 
y Robinson, y quiera dios que no resultaran males, pues l que se ha de 
esperar de un hombre como Robinson? 

Todos los miembros del Gob. Gral. tienen confianza en mi, y estan 
satisfechos de la virtud de mis intenciones y por fin saldre bien de aqui, 
aunque habra algun demora. 

Espero que no se ecsaltan en Monclova, como hicieron el ano pasado — 
el congreso gral. esta discutiendo la cuestion de reformas en la constitu- 
cion — No se puede formar idea todavia del resultado, pero yo no espero 
cosas tan malas, como los que pronostican algunas personas — Calma y 
razon deben reinar en estas materias. La nacion esta agonizando bajo las 
patasos q e ha recibido de los partidos — q e se pongan golpes violencios y 
patazos a un lado, llamando en su lugar la razon y el juicio, y entonces 
todo se remediara — 



50 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

En el caso de que tengo amigos en esa, da les memorias de mi parte, 
y en el caso de que todos son mis enemigos, ruego a Dios, que les perdonen 
la injusticia cruel que me hacen, y quedo de V. el amigo como spre. 

E. F. Austin [Rubric] 

No se cuandro saldre de aqui — he libr&do contra Williams y McKinney 
en casa de Gregory N. Orleans para mil pesos. Avisa a McKinney — 
escribe V. a mi hermano politico y a Grayson — Tony [Antonio Butler] 
es mi enemigo porque me opuse al proyecto de Mexia Mason y Comp a de 
formar a Texas en territorio en 1833 — y se ha premiado tambien a nos 
honradisimos senores, concediendoles una proroga de los contratos de 
Zavala etc — Vien, muy vien, todo esta en el orden en estas dias revueltos — 
Yo, que he trabajado 14 afios p a poblar a Texas, soy despreciado y per- 
seguido, y mis derechos atropellados — pero hombres nuevos que no han 
hecho mas que agiotar y engaiiar estan premiados — No se deba olvidar 
que la opinion publica algun dia calificara estas cosas, vistos las hechos 
y los resultados 

A. 

[The letter is addressed to Williams at Monclova.] 

John Gordon to John P. Borden 
[Brazoria, March 15, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Reason Mercer to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Louisville, Texas, March 17, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 

[From the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

Mexico 21 de Marzo 1835 
Sor. D. S. M. Williams, 

Mi Amigo, recibi su carta del 3 de esa con el major gusto, pues me par- 
ticipa su feliz llegada a Monclova con los amigos que le accompanan, y 
me da noticias de la salud de mi hermana y su familia, y que todas las 
cosas se mantienen en paz y harmonia en Texas — Yo esperaba salir para 
esa antes de ahora, pero se ha demorado mucho mis asuntos a causa del 
entorpecim to - que ha habido en sancionar la ley de amnistia, por unos 
desavenencias respecto de uno de sus articulos — No puedo hacer calculo 
con certeza cuando puedo salir — Creo que no sera hasta medios del mes 
que entra. 

Ya sabra V.V. en Monclova que el motin de los soldados en el castillo 
de Vera Cruz, ha terminado — Todo esta en paz en esta parte de la 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 51 

republica — Le refiero a los papeles publicos p a noticias sobre los asuntos 
publicos del dia, y de los que estan pendientes en las Camaras. 

La opinion respecto de Texas esta muy favorable, y creo que el gob. 
gral. hara todo que depende de el p a - su prosperidad — No hay opinion 
ahora p a - erigir lo en territorio — Esta cuestion de territorio me ha hecho 
enemigos, por mi oposicion a ella en 1833. Entre ellos Antonio Butler, 
quien me ha tratado con mucha injusticia — es ciertam te - el hombre mas 
malo que he conocido en mi vida. 

Yo he sido envuelto en un enredo de dificultades solo por haber cum- 
plido con mi deber como agente del pueblo de Texas — he sufrido prisiones 
y grandes atrasas en mis asuntos, y las persecuciones de personas que han 
tenido miras particulares — pero tengo la satisfaction de haber cumplido 
con los deberes de un agente en cuanto he podido y con intenciones sanas — 

Celebro much que V. haya sido elegido a la legislatura, como supongo 
ha estado, por la que V. me diga, aunque no se habia recibido las actas 
de la eleccion. Por lo que toca a mi — estoy mui agradecido a los pueblos 
por la confianza que me manifiesta, y en aprobacion de mi conducto — 
Nunca puedo olvidarlo, y desearia poder hacer algo p a - su beneficio y bien 
estar — por lo demas, aseguro a V. que no deseo participar mas en los 
asuntos publicos, pu.es es un sacrificio de la quietud y felicidad entrar en 
semejante laberinto — Creo que la eleccion de D. Victor Blanco y Jose 
Antonio Navarro senadores, es muy ascertada — Son ambos hombres que 
en mi concepto merecen toda confianza — Y espero que Agustin Viesca 
sera el Governador — 

Yo no dudo que el Gob. del estado hara justicia en el asunto de la 
Colonia arriba del Camino de Bexar que ha sido variedado(?) tan in- 
justam te - por Robinson — El Sor. Valle que era Srio. en 1831 y 1832 sin 
duda acordara que yo le hable sobre el tpo. p a - la Compania de Nashville, 
y que el dijo que no, y aun se incomodo un poco con migo, por haber 
propuesto tal cosa pues que era contrario al articulo 11 de la ley de 6 de 
Avril 1830 — entonces vigente — hable tambien con el Sor Jose Maria 
Viesca, que era Gobernador sobre el mismo asunto y el dijo lo mismo — 
en este tiempo hubo varias solicitudes para colonias en Texas por Franceses, 
Engleses y otros, y el Gobor dijo que la ley le obligaba a conceder esa u 
otra parte valdia al primero que se presentase con las calidades prescritas 
por las leyes, pero que daria a V. y a mi, la preferencia por nuestros 
servicios pasados — Ahora ^que pude yo haber hecho p a - Robinson 
6 para la compania de Nashville que no entento hacer? — Ademas de eso 
se coloco a las pocas personas que vinieron con Robinson, segun ellos 
mismos solicitaron, y se les cubrio a ellos, y a Robinson de la orden del 
comandante gral. y del Gob. del estado espulsandoles del territorio Mexi- 
cano, pues yo les cubre a solicitud, como habitantes de mi Colonia, y 
consegui de Comt e gral. una revocacion de su orden de espulsion — Estos 



52 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

son los hechos, si me acuerdo bien — Ahora <;en que he faltado a 
Robinson? Yo deseo que se aclare este asunto pues yo no he obrado de 
mala fe en la materia con nadie — y es muy bien sabido en Texas que 
de esa empresa no he sacado beneficio ninguno — Es cosa muy dura e 
injusta el ser calumniado y tratado como he sido por hombres como 
Robinson y otros, y a la verdad lo que deseo es salir enteram te de todos 
estos laberintos — Los 14 afios que he pasado en Texas ha sido bastante 
penosos, sin que se me calumnia en esta manera — Pero tengo confianza 
que el Gob. me hara justicia, respecto de la conducta que yo observe para 
con [sic] Robinson, y la Compafiia de Nashville, pues intente primera- 
mente conseguir una proroga de tpo para esa Compafiia, y hable al Sor 
Valle y al Governador al efecto como antes dicho — l Que mas pude 
haber hecho? Es bien sabido que hay personas en Texas que quieren 
destruirme, y p a - hacerlo han intentado engafiar al mismo Gob no - con el 
fin de hacer un instrumento ciego de el, p a - llevar adelante sus miras — 
Yo no quiero provecho personal de esa Colonia, pero si quiero q e - se ponga 
en claro mi conducto respecta de ella, y tambien deseo q e - aquel pais sea 
poblada, y no embrollado por hombres malos — Memorias a todos sus 
Compafieros y a mis amigos en esa 

Su Amigo 

E. F. Austin [Rubric] 
[Addressed to Williams at Monclova.] 

G. B. Jameson to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Orozimbo, March 22, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Ira R. Lewis to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Matagorda, March 23, 1835. Land for Major Norton, of Boston.] 

George M. Patrick to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Mount Hope, March 23, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Thomas H. Brenan to Austin 
[Liberty, March 23, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Cos 
[Bexar, March 23, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Henry Meigs to Austin 1 

New York, March 26— 1835 
My Dear Sir 

On receiving your letters dated Mexico Jan y - 25 — 1835 Immediately 
wrote to M r - Forsythe 2 asking what had been presented to the president or 

2 Copv by M. B. Lamar, Lamar Papers, Texas State Library. 
2 John Forsyth, Secretary of State under President Jackson. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 53 

to himself relative to your affairs? I have just rec d - an answer the Presi- 
dent has not had anything said to him in any way injurious to you — 
I believe that you may be assured that it would be felt here if any gross 
injustice should be done you — Keep me informed with all expedition 
of your condition and I will instantly act to the utmost extent of my power 
in your behalf. 

My family remember you with affection 3 — 

H. Meigs 

Co 1 - Stephen F Austin 

Domingo de Ugartechea to General Cos 
[Bexar, March 28, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Mexico March 28, 1835 
Dr Brother. 

I cannot as yet inform you when I can leave here. I am still a prisoner 
on bail. I am told that I shall probably be at liberty soon, but as it 
depends on the am[n]esty law which has been returned to congress by 
the executive, I can make no certain calculations. 

You must not on any account or for any price sell the two leagues of 
land I have on the east side of Labaca and Navidad at the junction of those 
two streams — it is all the land I have there — as I shall dispose of it 
myself. be particular and comply with this direction. Also you must not 
sell the next league below San Felipe on the west of the Brazos nor the 
league on the west fork of the Bernard next above Alex r Jackson's on 
a side league as I wrote you long ago — be particular as to these instruc- 
tions. I prefer that you sell none of my land untill I get home if you 
can get along without as I may make some arrangement myself that would 
be interfered with by any sales you may make. All is peace and tranquility 
in this part of the country and I believe every where 

Love to Sister and all friends your brother 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

Let McKinney and Williams have what lots they need at the mouth of 
the Brazos river. 

S. F. Austin 

[Addressed:] Estado de Coahuila y Tejas D Jayme F. Perry San Felepe 
de Austin 

W. Barrett Travis to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[San Felipe, March 28, 1835. See Calendar.] 

3 Meigs was the husband of Austin's cousin, a daughter of Moses Austin's brother 
Stephen. 



54 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

W. W. Hunter to James F. Perry 

New Orleans 28 Mar 1835. 
Mr. Jas F. Perry 

Dear Sir This will inform you of my being in this place in good 
health. I arrived here 10 days ago after a tedious trip from New Madrid 
on Board of Flat Boats I brought down with me 3 Boats loaded with 
Corn in sacks and fortunately met with a Verry good market I had 
4000 sacks containing 2 bushels each which I sold at $1.50 each the prin- 
cip 1 part of which I collected for goods sold. I make Clear on the 3 loads 
1,350$ I leave for home tomorrow morning and expect to go on to 
Philad. immedeatly to lay in goods, I learned from Mr. Jack and Moor 
that Col. Austin had been set at liberty which I was truely pleased to hear 
and much hope ere this reaches you he will be with you all. Your Nephew 
Baldwin Capt of the Mediteranian I took supper with on Board last night 
he informed me your friends were generally well and that Lavinia is at 
the time at John Perrys. I had no news from the mines for some time be- 
fore I left home Lead is still high I heard from St Louis a short time 
before I left home, It was supposed Angeline Perry would be married 
in a short time to a young Lawyer from Maryland Clarissa Austin was 
married in Dec r - to Mr. Beebe Merchant in St Louis I expect from what 
I can learn she has done much Better than Marg 1 - Our prediction as to 
Nelson I am sorry to learn has Come to pass, he I have been told is very 
disipated and is doing no good. I wrote you some time ago, requesting for a 
friend of mine in N. Madrid to know whether some claims could be col- 
lected of Georg Tennell a part of them is for notes sent to Texas by him 
on Col Austin for Collection which I am of opinion Perry and Hunter paid 
him for Austin the Ballance are notes given by him, If I mistake not to 
Peter A Laforge, you will please write me what the prospect would be 
to collect them. I am in hope If the Col gets home you will be able to 
get the Ballance of the money due me soon, also that you will be able 
[to] make something out of the debts due the old firm. I think it is time 
our friend Chrisman was paying If he has not should you have any money 
to remit to me send it to John Casse and Co I never got the money 100$ 
from Slocomb until about a month ago they Contended they had not Rec d - 
it until I sent your letter to me her[e] and had it shown to them. I hope 
you will write me soon how you are getting on etc. as it gives me much 
pleasure at all times to hear from you please present my most respectful 
Compliments to Mrs Perry and family tell Austin [Bryan] I have wrote 
two letter to him since Sept. and he must write to me. In the mean time 
accept for your self and family the best wishes 

Wm. W. Hunter [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr. Jas. F. Perry Brazoria Texas Care. Mesrs. Mill's 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 55 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 

[From the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

Mexico 28 de Marzo 1835 
Sor D Sam. M Williams 
Mi Amigo 

Estoy todavia aqui y no se cuando puedo salir, piies estoy todavia bajo 
fianzas, y no veo fin a mi asunto 

Hay algunos rumores que se han ecsaltado otra vez en Monclova como 
el afio pasado, pero no se creen tales rumores aqui, pues consideren que hay 
mas juicio ahora, que hubo entonces — Por Dios, nada mas de ecsalta- 
ciones y medidas precipitados. Calma y juicio — El Gob Gral esta en la 
mejor disposicion, y por mi parte, yo tengo la mayor confianza en su 
justicia e intenciones sanas — 

Todo esta en paz en esta parte de la republica y creo que asi continuara. — 
Estoy muy malo de los dientes — ahierse me saco una, y desde entonces 
la inflamacion he bajado mucho. 

Memorias a todos — la representacion de la legislatura va vien despach- 
ado. Calma y mucha y toda va bien. Su amigo 

E. F. Austin [Rubric] 
[Addressed to Williams at Monclova.] 

Bartlett Sims to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Bastrop, March 30, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Austin to George Fisher 1 

Mr. George Fisher 
Sir 

I received your favor of 5 inst. making inquiry whether I have sent 
you a Copy of my "Exposition," as you suspect one had been purloined in 
the Post office, of that place, which had been directed to you. I think it 
probable your suspicion is well founded for I sent one to you, one to the 
Ayuntamiento and one to Smith. 

I now send you an other copy which I hope may reach you. 

I am still here a prisoner, on bail, and cannot make any certain 
calculations as [to] when I shall be able to leave, tho' hope in all next 
month. 

I am very happy to hear that Doc 1 - Beales is going on prosperously with 
the Settlement of the families he contracted with the State Govern 1 - and 

a CopY by Fisher in file of January 15. 1834. 



56 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

that he expects them out from Ireland and Germany in a short time. I 
wish him every success in this enterprise, for it is an arduous one, and 
also will be very usefull to the Country which needs population. Should 
it be in my pwer to serve him in any way I will cheerfully do so. My 
respects to Doctor Beales and also to Powers on the Nueces when you 
see them. 

S. F. Austin 

r Samuel M. Williams to Austin 

Monclova 31 st March 1835 
I will not undertake my good friend to give you an exact description of 
my feelings on receiving your welcome letter of 14th inst — because as 
you will know I feel quick, strong, and violent all at one moment. Be- 
lieving that you would consider me in this place, from the letter I wrote 
you before I started from home, which Almonte informed me you had rec d - 
from him, and not having heard one word from you for 3 mails, myself 
and Companions were rejoicing in the opinion that you were liberated and 
on the road home. In this we were strengthened by a clause in a letter 
from Mr. Parrott to Mr. Almy, that spoke of your leaving in a few days. 
Today although your letter assured us of health and resignation, it de- 
stroyed our hopes, and opened to our view the horrid reality of Mariana and 
pasada Mariana — truly such a state may be called the essence of tantalising 
persecution. God knows I am unable to devise how you bear up under it. 
I immediately waited upon the Governor, informed him of your situation, 
and urged him with all the rhetoric and warmth of feeling which belongs 
to me, to address the Gen Gov* on the subject of your situation, as a duty 
to a fellow Citizen, and as a duty to the citizens of a part of the State 
that Cannot much longer bear with such a course in silence. I am proud 
to say that although his politeness permitted me to finish with my ideas — 
he met the first impulses of my wishes and was ready to acceed to my 
request. And regretted that his burthened occupation would not permit 
him to do it by this mail — but authorized me to say to you that it should 
be done by the next. I then went to work amongst the Deputies to get 
Congress to make something of a similar character, and although it is a 
body not like a person I flatter myself with success with them, and have 
no doubt but this additional weight will be given if you should still be so 
unfortunate as to remain under the operations of an uncertain tomorrow. 
Had I not permitted myself to be lulled into a belief from your letter of 
February that you would certainly be relieved by or before the first of 
this month, I should long since have moved what I today have performed. 
You have some friends here who respect and esteem you for various reasons 
and with the exception of Chambers and some one or two others of our 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 57 

Countrymen no bitter enemies — not one I think among the natives — As 
for Chambers I shall try my strength on him, And all I require of you is 
to look on and if you cant be for me don't be against me — The Texas 
people that is East of Bejar in order to be consistent with their vote in 
Septem. voted the old Ticket, consequently McKinney is suplente, my 
absence prevents his leaving, and the Brazos department goes unrepresented. 
Individually I am pleased because I dislike beyond Measure a popular ap- 
pointment — I consented to serve in this instance but think I shall never 
do so again, — By next session, if the Census is taken, Brazos and Nacog- 
doches will each have two members. In Jan y and Feb y 2000 persons arrived 
in at the mouth of the Brazos. Emigration has been tremendous this year, 
and still continues. 

This Legislature is liberal and are determined, to be the last to yield 
up the Federal system. I have in union with others recommended the es- 
tablishment of schools and a College to be founded out of Monies arising 
from lands. The Government refuse to acknowledge the families about 
Trinity and Nacogdches etc etc as a part of those belonging to the New 
York Companies contracts, those who have been possessioned- by their 
Commissioner remain with their lands — but they will not be counted for 
the Company. 

I have not yet gotten my business before Congress, my documents are all 
ready — and in the hands of the members as individuals, unless they 
deceive me I shall succeed — Don Marcial Borrego — (a man of the 
most [weight?] here) first counsellor and acting Governor in the absence 
of Viesca, and who was a member of the last Legislature, and by the way 
with Augustin Viesca, the supporters of Robertson, is my friend and 
assisting me in my business, confesses they have been deceived, but does 
not want the matter so remedied as to compromit the decoro of the Gov 1 - 1 
I have told him, that redress is what we want, and that as citizens do not 
wish to stigmatise the Gov 1 - under which we live — 

I have letters from home to the 17th inst all are well, my own family 
and my friends desire to be remembered to you they think you are 
at this place. They complain of a backward spring, much rain and cold — 
With a hope of hearing from you by the next mail that you are released 
and about starting home, I will close this asuring you that I shall inform 
all in Texas of your situation and write as you requested. And notify 
McKinney of your draft. You must not permit yourself to want for any 
thing, if money can get your release let us know Texas will come out like 
a white head, and raise what may be necessary. Johnson and Peebles 

^This refers to the Robertson Colony. See Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, 
367. 



,/ 



58 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

desire affectionate remembrance to you and you have our united prayers 
for your liberty, health and speedy and prosperous journey home — 

[Samuel M. Williams] Rubric 
If you are to be detained in Mexico let us know 

If you should want more money draw on McKinney and Wms. at 60 ds 
sight and advise us by mail 

Rubric 
[Addressed:] Stephen F. Austin Esq Mexico 

Samuel M. Williams to James F. Perry 

Monclova 1 st April 1835 
Mr. James F. Perry 
Dear Sir. 

Aware of the great anxiety of yourself and family respecting our friend 
Col Austin, I write you a few lines to inform you that I have by this mail 
rec d - a letter from him dated Mexico 14 th March, in which he says he is 
well that his matters have not changed any and that he is still waiting an 
amnesty law, and believes he shall so remain the whole of that month at 
least. 

Not hearing from him for three mails (between this and Mexico the mails 
are weekly) myself and Companions had flattered ourselves with the hope 
that he was on his road home, because he expected to be released so as to 
leave there about the first of March, and besides a Gentleman here received 
a letter dated late in February from Mr, Parrot in which he says "by 
Col Austin who will leave in a few days for Texas I will send you etc" 
You may therefore judge our mortification on receiving information of 
his still being detained aund under that chilling expectation of tomorrow 
and after tomorrow. I must say that indignation was the predominant 
feeling with me at what I conceive a tantalising persecution — I waited 
upon the Gov 1 "- made known to him the situation of my friend and strongly 
urged him to represent to the Gen 1 - Gov 1 - in his behalf. I am happy to 
say he promised to do so and authorised me to say to the Col. that he 
would do so by the next mail. I also expect to be able to obtain a 
representation from the Congress of the State on the same head. 

The Col. complains of old Butler being his enemy. I hope we may 
have the old dog in Texas some day — and give him his due reward in these 
matters. I have not time to give you a detail of the news, and must 
therefore refer you to McKinney. Chambers is here, and if I do not lay 
him flat upon his back, it shall not be for the want of trial and I think I 
have the infidel on the hip. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 59 

Present me kindly to Mrs. Perry and the boys Mr. Pilgrim etc. and 
believe me your friend etc 

Samuel M. Williams [Rubric] 
[Addressed:] Mr. James F. Perry Gulf Prairie 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 

April 1. 1835 

There seems to be a prospect of another civil war — I hope the Legis- 
lature will keep calm and prudent — That state can have no influence in 
such a thing 

Let them keep peace at home and stop the disputes with Saltillo — Texas, 
as a matter of course, will take no part, whatever, even if it should be 
called on by the State Gov 1 - to do so — but I hope it will not be called 
on — it ought not to be — 

In my last I said that I was told the representation of that legislature 
had been favourably dispatched, and so I was, but I do not know whether 
the information was correct or not — so say nothing about it — Try and 
get the question finally settled about the pretended claim to fees in my 
first colony of 300 families that was set up — That colony was under the 
national law of 1823, and the State law of 1825 has nothing to do with it — 
you can get this settled with the Gov or - by a declaration that no fees are 
due as that colony was not subject to the law of 1825 — Attend to this 
without fail and immediately, and all other matters of interest to me 

last mail I sent you an order on Dr. Grant for 200 Dolls, which he owes 
on a draft from Parrott, in 1833 which I sent him by John Erwin, but 
never rec d - the money 

There has been no change in my situation. I am still on bail, and no 
prospect of any change soon — 

Keep clear of civil wars — 

[Stephen F. Austin] 

[To Samuel M. Williams, Monclova] 

Joshua Nelson to Austin 
[Matagorda, April 2, 1835. See Calendar.] 

H. L. Cook to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Matagorda, April 2, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Cos 
[Bexar, April 4, 1835. See Caledar.] 

Martin Perfecto de Cos to Ugartechea 
[Saltillo, April 4, 1835. See Calendar.] 



60 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 

[From the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

Mexico April 4. 1835 
Dr friend. 

I drop you a line to say that I am offered a contract for twelve thousand 
arrobas 1 of cotton delivered at Vera Cruz, this, and next year, say half 
each year, at five dollars arroba — Security is offered and required for 
the fulfilment of the contract — money to be paid on delivery of cotton — 
I think it a good offer — what do you think of it — I should like to make 
something to refund my losses and expenses the last two years if I could 
do so — 

I hope that I shall be able to leave the last of this month, write to me 
by return of post to the care, or under cover to W. W. West with whom 
I am living, calle Vergara No. 3, postage paid 

I will defer closing the cotton contract to the last so as to hear from 
you on the subject — Should I leave sooner than I expect Mr. West will 
take out your letters to me — It may be that I shall start by the middle of 
the month — 

The Gov 1 - are very friendly to me, and to Texas, and if things are con- 
ducted with calmness by the legislature at Monclova, all will go right — 
There is no danger of a change in the system of Gov 1 - The federation is in 
no danger — attend to the pretended claim for fees in my first colony — 
it is unjust and contrary to law, for that colony was not under the law of 
1825, nor was it contracted with the State Gov 1 - 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Coahuila D. Samuel M. Williams Monclova. 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Bolivar, April 8, 1835. See Calendar.] 

S. Rhoads Fisher to Gail Borden, Jr. 

[Matagorda, April 9, 1835. Wishing to obtain a league of land for 
Davis D. Baker. Wants one that is valuable; one that could not be ob- 
tained except by one with influence. See Calendar.] 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Cos 
[Bexar, April 14, 1835. See Calendar.] 

x An arroba is twenty-five pounds. 



the austin papers 61 

John Rice Jones to Baker and Borden 
[Fort Settlement, April 14, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Captain Tenorio at Anahuac 
[Bexar, April 14, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Frank W. Johnson to Gail Borden, Jr. 

Monclova 15 th - April 1835 
My friend, 

I received yours of the 1 st - inst by yesterdays mail for which I feel much 
obliged to you and am sorry that I cannot write you definitely as to our 
business, but such is the uncertainty of every thing that depends upon a 
Mexican Congress, that I am at as great a loss now to say when we shall 
be probably dispatched as I was when we left home — some cussed thing 
or other is constantly thrown in the way and the congress is disposed at 
any the slightest pretext — to keep from business that judging from the gate 
they have traveled for the last six weeks, it is fair to conclude that they 
have business enough to occupy them for the next twelve months, however 
I feel as certain of success as ever. — Doct. Miller 1 will receive the appoint- 
ment of Chief by this Mail — and Politico Smith 2 will be permited to go 
into supreme retiracy — God be praised for this little. — 

Mr. Williams rec d - a letter from Col. Austin by the last mail — he is 
still in Mexico and on bail — Congress has made a spirited and highly 
honorable representation in behalf of the Col. which was sent in by the 
last mail, and the acting Govn r - sends one by this. — This I hope will effect 
his discharge and that we may have the pleasure of his company home. — 

Augustin Viesca arrived here yesterday evening and to day qualified, 3 
it is to be hoped that he will grease the wheels of Gov 1 - and thereby accel- 
erate its motion. — Hell to pay and no pitch. — 

Wars and rumours of War. — 

Want help from Tejas — keep your guns in good order — however enough 
on this subject, for further information I refer you to Mr. Jack to whom 
Mr. Williams has sent all of the warlike news. — just think we have had 
one fight between the Militia of this town and the regular troops of Santa 
Rosa — no body killed and what is worse not a gun fired nor were the 
contending armies at any time nearer each other than the short distance 
of three leagues — but the best of the joke, Williams, Peebles, Milam, 
DeWitt and myself were volunteers and like true patriots shouldered our 

a Dr. James B. Miller, appointed political chief of the department of the Brazos. 
2 Henry Smith, retiring political chief of the department of the Brazos. 
3 Governor of Coahuila and Texas. 



62 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

guns and marched to the Gov 1 - House to wait orders, when we were soon 
informed that we could return to our homes but to keep ourselves in readi- 
ness to turn out whenever callfed] upon — thus ended this memorable 
fight- 
Tell Paschal that I claim my fee as priest and think extremely hard of 

his unadvised- conduct in taking to himself a wife in my absence. 

By the way I suppose I had as well correct a small mistake that you 
complain of, to do which I do not know how I can better do it than to tell 
you that I will say that it was John, Tom or anybody else, or you may 
say so, and to tell you the honest truth about it I was told so when I read 
the letter to Mr. Williams but then you know it would have cost me some 
little labour to have corrected it, and as I partake in that verry much of 
the Mexican character, I concluded I would give you something to do in 
a leisure moment — 

God speed you in your labours — Tell the boys howde, I hope to be 
with you all soon. — 

F. W. Johnson [Rubric] 
G. Borden Jnr. Esqr. 

[Addressed:] Gail Borden Jnr. Esqr. Sanfelepe de Austin 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 
[From the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

Mexico 15 April 1835 
Dr Sir. 

I am still here, a prisoner on bail — nothing has taken place in my situ- 
ation since the 25 day of December, when I was released from close con- 
finement on bail — 

I make no calculations when I shall leave or whether I shall return by 
land or water — 

The legislature at Monclova has involved matters in a beautiful tangle 
by the cursed law authorizing the Gov r - to dispose of 400 leagues of land 
as he pleases. 1 I fear this law will [ere] ate much more discontent in 
Texas [tha]n anything which has happened — nothing could have been 
more imprudent — It will produce restrictions and in short everything bad 
that can be imagined — 

The senator of that State is a faithful defender of his state and a firm 
one, but all he gains or can gain by trying to defend such a measure as 
this, is to ruin himself in public opinion here and loose all influence 

X A law passed by the legislature of Coahuila and Texas, March 4, 1835, authorizing 
the Governor to sell 400 leagues of land. For a discussion of the law see "Land 
Speculation as a Cause of the Texas Revolution," by the editor, in Southwestern 
Historical Quarterly, X, 82. See also Austin to Williams, April 29 and May 6, 1835. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 63 

I hope they have had sense enough at Monclova to take no part in the 
civil war that seems to be commencing — Keep out of such things — If 
Durste 2 and Carbajal 8 voted for the 400 league law — tell them to remember 
what kind of constituents they have and to be more cautious in future, — 
That law will cause discontent in Texas. 

Gen 1 - Santana leaves in three days for the interior (Zacatecas) he in- 
formed me yesterday that he should visit Texas and take me with him, 
after these other matters are settled — - He is very friendly to Texas and it 
would be an advantage to that country if he would pay it a visit 

I do not write home by this mail, so you can send this to them, and say 
that I beg of them all to have nothing to do with the politics of this 
country — I mean the present civil dissentions — a dead silence a dead calm 
as to these family quarrels is the only proper course for Texas — 

I know nothing of what is going on at Monclova, nor of your opinions 
about these matters — but feel confident they are similar to mine — I am 
decidedly of the opinion that the federal system is in no danger at present — 
There will be some change, but not a radical one — This is my opinion 

S. F. Austin 
Mr. S. M. Williams 

[Addressed:] (Coahuila) D. Samuel M. Williams Monclova 

Elias R. Wightman to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Live Ooak Bayou, April 17, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Bartlett Sims to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Bastrop, April 20, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Susan W. Maxwell to James F. Perry 

Boston, April 20 th 1835 
Respected Sir. 

Please to accept my most sincere thanks for your kind attention to my 
enquirey, relative to my beloved husband, and I have two much reason 
to fear lost one, lost to me in the most cruel way. I cannot be reconciled 
to the thought that I must allways be in suspence about his fate, and that 
I must think myself a widow so young with two little fatherless children 
at my side, "they say why dont Father come home?" I can only answer 
with my tears, the thought is heart rending. I will not intrude my grief 
upon you. May I presume on your goodness so much, as to request that 
you will make all the enquirey in your power, and use your influence to 

2 John Durst, representative of the department of Nacogdoches. He bought part of 
the 400 leagues. i 

s Jose Maria Carbojol, representative of the department of Bexar. 



64 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

gain all the information that can be got relative to Mr Maxwell, the same 
you would wish to have done for a Brother or Dear Friend, admitting you 
had one similarly situated. And I trust it will be in my power to recom- 
pence you for your trouble. I was sick and commissioned Dr Maxwell 
to write you in my name. There was a mistake in it saying Mr Ms last 
Letter was dated at Sanantonia he had not arrived there I will write 
you all I know of him, as it may be of use to you in the enquire about him. 
Mr. Maxwell last letter to me was "dated July 17 th 1833 Gonzallas State 
of Texas in Mexico, within 75 of San Antonia. He stated he was waiteing 
a few days for company, as it was not considered safe to travel alone, and 
boarded 1 mile out of the village at a Mr Floyd — Perhaps you could 
learn of him if Mr Maxwell ever left there and the company he was in 
and if he left any papers or any thing at any place except with Mr Somevill 
as it is of great importance to me in settling up his business to have all his 
papers as I have lost considerable property since his absence by not haveing 
all the necessary papers, and am still likely to lose more, as you know 
there are enough to take advantage of a woman ['s] ignorance in business. 
If it is to be that I am to hear he is dead, it would be a meloncholy satisfac- 
tion to know how he was taken care of, and how he enjoyed his mind in 
that last tricing sceine, but I will still hope he has not had that trial yet, 
and that he may yet be restored to his family. But if on the contrary 
there may be some papers found or property that may do soome good 
and serve to find out his fate. Mr Maxwell thought of staying with a 
Mr Hood in San Antonia untill he had a letter from Saltillo relative to 
some land he talk of purchasing on the Colorado river and did not know 
but he should have to go there. In your letter it seams he was seen at 
Saltillo and in your letter to my brother at Menclover. Could you learn 
by those that se him his reserdence, there and if he ever left there. I have 
more hopes of heareing what has become of him, if I am doomed never 
to se him since I received your letters. Mr M left home on the 17 of Feb 
1833 and between that time and the 7 of July I received 27 letters from 
him, in his last he wrote he should be at home in December and then 
remove his family to Texas. He said he must se Col Austin before his 
return and that might detain him longer. About that time I saw by the 
papers Col Austin was in prison at Saltillo and since been in prison at 
Mexico. I think if you will call on that Gentleman if he is in San Felepe 
he will be likely to know if he was taken prison, as at the time Mr M was 
to return home your Country was in arms, I presume a great many were 
taken prisoners on suspision that was innocent. Do you think it possable 
that might be his case? I could not bear the thought that my Husband 
was in a foreign prison and I do nothing to redeem or release him. I know 
that he is innocent of any crime and he is not a milatary or political char- 
icter so the Mexicans can have nothing to fear or hope for from him. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 65 

If you have not heard any more from him and should think it best to ad- 
vertise him in that country I wish you would — Mr M wrote he should 
leave some things with Mr David Ayers of Mountville I have wrote to 
him and Col Austin and some others but as yet have not got an answer 
We in the U S. find it difficult to get a letter from the interor of Texas 
or to send One there. If I should write you again, I should like your 
address, allso Mr. Somervill I wish to know if you know any thing of 
a young man that was with Mr Maxwell by the name of Squire Damen. 

Mr M left him at San Felepe — his Mother wrote me that he had not 
return home and was very anxious about him. 

Mr Maxwell wrote he should leave 6 trunks with you rather than to have 
the things sold for less than there value and if it would not burden Mr 
Somervill two much and he goes to N Y by water the expence will not be 
much and should like to have them all brought that is worth bringing 
particularly all his papers and some valueable watches and rings he had 
when he left home. I presume he has had letters come to you[r] care since 
he left and should like them two and after deducting a sufficient sum for 
yourself and Mr Somervell for your attention to the business I should like 
to have the ballance delivered over to my Cousen Mr Edmund Willard, 
he will be at the store of C. B. Granniss and Co 127 maiden lane New York 
City. Pleas to write soon Address to S. W. Maxwell care of A. Willard — 
179 Washington St Boston Mass. I presume you will excuse my minute- 
ness and repetition and all other blunders, when you remember this is 
from a anxious wife enquireing for a lost husband. Your immediate at- 
tention to the above will greately oblige an unfortunate wife whose greatest 
misfortune is the absence of the husband of her youth — and what can be 
more tryeing than this anxeious suspence 

Susan. W. Maxwell 
Mr J. F. Perry 

[Addressed:] Mr. James. F. Perry, or Mr Alexander Somervill San 
Felepe Austin Colony Texas 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Cos 
[Bexar, April 20, 1335. Two letters of same date. See Calendar.] 

S. Rhoads Fisher to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Matagorda, April 21, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Samuel M. Williams to Austin 

Monclova 22 d April 1835 
My Dear friend 

The mail of yesterday presented me your welcome letter of 4 th inst, and 
in union with my Companions am pleased with the indirect prospect which 



66 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

it holds out of your being able to leave Mexico in all this month. I hope 
the measures adopted by the Gov 1 - of the State, will accelerate that matter 
if not done. 

On the subject of the Contract for 12,000 arrobas of Cotton which you 
state is offered to you, and about which you ask my opinion — I can say 
it is fair, although the price of Cotton in Europe and the U. S. during the 
past season, up to the last accounts which I have, would not authorise an 
expectation of realising much from 5$ the arroba, if maintained. McK 
and W [McKinney and Williams] had Cotton sold at 16V2C m Orleans. 
Still I cannot believe the present prices can hold on, yet at the same time 
I am of opinion that the market of next season will open not lower than 
13c. — If you feel disposed to make a Contract, and want assistance in it 
you may include McKinney and Williams — giving us information so that 
we may take advantage of the season, by purchasing small crops from needy 
planters — 

The new Sch r - Brazoria got on shore at the mouth of the Brazos in Jan y 
last and was abandoned McK bot her for the purpose of having her 
naturalised — We have also bot a steam boat for the navigation of the 
Brazos. I have a letter from McK dated 23 d March, he was on the eve 
of departure for Orleans on board the Schoner Sanfelipe, he informed 
me that the Steam boat had arrived at N. from the Upper Country. 
I presume he will return in her. You will hardly recognise the mouth of 
the River when you return. We are making considerable improvements 
there, I intend building a dwelling and moveing my family there. McK 
has been there with his wife for a year. It is extremely inconvenient for 
me to be at Sanfelipe, and our business in another quarter. One of us is 
continually on the wing — 

As we have no correspondents yet at Vera Cruz nor in Mexico, that know 
any thing of our standing — I must leave to your management, should you 
think proper to include McK and W in the Contract for cotton, the regu- 
lation of security making use of this letter as authority to obligate 
McKinney and Williams as parties to the Contract. The delivery the 
present year, will not probably yield over 10 to 15 per cent but the 
prospect for the second year may be rated at from 20 to 25 percent After 
deducting freight etc. 

I have presented to Congress a plan for a Bank and asked for a charter 
for 30 years. I think it will succeed — Capital 1,000,000$ divided into 
10,000 Shares at 100$ each If it be obtained, it will facilitate much the 
Commercial and agricultural business of Texas. 

There is nothing in my opinion to apprehend about a claim for fees in 
your old Colony. The present members are not of opinion that the State 
has any claim. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 67 

I hope every thing may go on right and smooth at the fountain head, 
yet, I do not like appearances, here I believe the federal system has 
every thing to expect, nothing to fear. 

Samuel M. Williams [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Stephen F Austin Esqr Mexico 

Thomas J. Tone to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Near Matagorda, April 24, 1835. See Calendar ] 

Ira R. Lewis to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[San Felipe, April 25, 1835. See Calendar.] 

James Burleson to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Colorado, April 25, 1835. See Calendar.] 

William K. Wilson to Samuel M. Williams 
[Harrisburgh, April 26, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Cos 
[Bexar, April 27, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Joseph Kuykenddall to James F. Perry 

Fort Settlement 
April 28 th 1835 
Dear Sir, 

Your note of the 27 th was handed me by Mr. Henry Jones, on the subject 
of the note you mention, I have only to say, it is just, and I am as 
willing to pay it to you as to any other person, and have no objection to 
your purchasing it — I was informed by H. Jones that you were desirous 
of purchasing some cattle, I will sell you one hundred head, to be made 
up of cows, three year old steers, two year old Steers and yearlings, to 
be composed of Heiffers and steers, equal numbers of each sort mentioned, 
throwing in the calves, — at six dollars per head — Or I will let you 
have the number that will discharge the note. Should you accede to either 
of these propositions, you may come immediately, close the bargain, and 
receive your cattle — 

Joseph Kuykendall. 
Mr J. F. Perry 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Bolivar, April 28, 1835. See Calendar.] 



68 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 
FFrom the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

Mexico April 29 1835 
My friend 

Rec d - yours of 8 instant and the letters and papers enclosed — The 
letter from Butler to you of 7 May [1834] explains to me a circumstance 
that occured a few days previous to that when I was in the inquisition — 
on the 10 th I was put in communication, and I think on the 15 th or 14 th 
I was told by a friend of Butlers that he, Butler, had just rec d a letter from 
you from which it was quite evident that you was my enemy, and I was 
acquainted with it so as to be on my guard etc — Now at this same time 
he writes to you in a way to try and influence you against me — The object 
of all this is very plain — It was no doubt hoped that the information 
communicated to me would cause irritation in me, and induce me to write 
to you under those feelings and thus it was expected an irritable state of 
feelings might perhaps be produced between you and me — This is the 
only solution I can give to the affair, and I am the more induced to construe 
it in this way because Butler has tried to irritate me, all he can against 
Mason and Hotchkiss, and I presume he tried to irritate them against me — 
I have never in all my life known so bad a man — He left here to day 
for the U. S. and as he was the only enemy I had in Mexico I believe I 
shall be at liberty to leave here for Monclova in two weeks — Is it not 
strange that the only man in Mexico who is not anxious for my complete 
liberation should be the representative of my native country? — This bad 
man had succeeded in irritating me very much against Mason but I have 
now entirely suspended my opinion as to Mason for I do not believe 
[what] Butler has said about Hotchkiss' enmity to me — his object evidently 
has been to envolve and entangle me all he can 

I have never known so bad and base a man — Should he find that 
his enmity to me is unpopular in Texas, he will then try and make Mason 
and Hotchkiss the scapegoats — he has not one friend in Mexico amongst 
the foreigners and is dispised by most of the Mexicans — 

I thank the Legislature for their kindness. I am fully comprehended in 
the Amnesty, if it ever passes, and I now think it will — my only enemy is 
gone— 

I say nothing about politics — I do not understand those of the day — 
who does? Keep quiet and still in that state — look on — matters will go in 
masse, one way or the other before long — at present everybody is looking 
on, for something — no one knows what — Almonte goes to the U. S. 
tomorrow he is truly a good man and friend to Texas — I most sincerely 
thank my good friends Johnson and Peebles for their welcome letters, and 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 69 

also Carbajal. Show them this and remember me to them very particu- 
larly — I hope I shall arrive soon to go home with you all — a few days 
will show the result of Tonys absence — I think it will be favourable — 
I do not write home by this mail — you can inform them that I am alive — 

[Rubric] 

D. V. [Don Victor Blanco] has informed you all of the evils produced 
by the impolitic 400 league law its results are bad enough but nothing 
in [com]parison to what I at first expected — it pfroduced] a great excite- 
ment here [ve]ry great indeed it has injured me, altho it [oug]ht not — 
but so it [is] I have to bear many sins not my own — x 

[Addressed:] (Coahuila) D. Samuel M. Williams Monclova 

H. Meigs to Austin 

New York May 2 d 1835. 
Dear Sir. 

I have received your letter of the 31 of March with the Bill for $500. 
which was paid at sight by John P Austin. 

I am much obliged to you for it for I have suffered poverty in public 
service. 

I regret that you suffer so much embarrassment from my countrymen. 
All that you communicate to me is perfectly concealed from all except 
the Secretary of State (my brother in Law) and the President. 

I have sent your last letter to Mr Forsyth for his perusal and he will be 
gratified to be possessed of the information it contains — And you may 
be assured that he will give you all proper aid. 

It is well understood that your whole course has been honorable and 
enterprising — and no honorable man can be your enemy when he knows 
you. 

I will leave no fair means untried to serve you — I have thought some- 
times, of giving you a call at Mexico! 

Maintain your accustomed prudence and fortitude and all will soon be 
well. 

God bless and preserve you. 

H. Meigs. 
Col. Stephen F Austin. 

[Addressed:] Colonel Stephen F Austin Mexico. 

William Hardin to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Anahuac, May 4, 1835. See Calendar.] 

1 See Austin to Williams, April 15, and May 6, 1835. 



70 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Henry Austin to James F. Perry 

Columbia 5 May 35 
Dear Perry, 

There is an effort making for a new fus and Wharton told me S. M Ws 
[Williams'] name was to one of the fire brand Circulars appended to the 
gov 65 proclamation The proclamation is well enough, 

It only calls upon the people to support the supremacy of the laws, 

But the article appended to it is, a tissue of falsehoods, got up appar- 
ently to break up Congress and prevent the repeal of the 400 league law 
so that they may retain their speculation 

It asserts that the Gen 1 Gov 1 are determined to ruin Texas and desire all 
the N americans out of it — that they are about to seperate Texas from 
Coahuilla and make it a Military Commandancy, for the purpose of having 
it in their power to represent to the people that Texas is peopled with 
foreigners and that then the English will in consideration of commercial 
priveleges help them to conquer the country etc Calls upon the people 
to take arms at once for self preservation etc now this is all stuff 
Stephens last letter gives the lie to all of it — 

Gray the printer has got a copy and as usual it will come out in the 
next paper — It will be a dead stopper to immigration and Sales of land 
and throw us back 2 years at least. 

In this view of the subject I think the publication of those parts of 
Stephens letter which I marked with a pencil all important to appear in 
the next paper to Counteract this incendiary paper If you can get them 
to the press this week even at some trouble and expense I beg you will do 
so if you view the subject as I do 

Cordially your friend 
who sends many aff 1 expressions to cousin Emilly 

Henry Austin 
PS In the flour case today the Jury of Talis men pick d up in Columbia, 
Were charged by the Judge that he considered the evidence of the Patroon 
of the boat equivalent to a bill of lading 

That Jury found the fact that Hall took the flour to his own use But 
as Mr Davis swore that at the request of Hall he had charged a bbl of flour 
deliv d Jamieson on Capt n A["s] order to him Hall plaintif had rec d no 
Damage and must pay the costs 

God save the people from a Texas Jury Had the yeomanry been at 
their post this would not have occurred, It has determined me to put my 
household Gods in a place of safety off hand, in the dark vale 
[Addressed:] Jas. F. Perry Esqr Peach Point With Speede 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 71 

James F. Perry to Austin 

Peach Point May 5 th 1835 
Dear Brother 

We received your letters of the 4 th and 10 th March We are verry much 
disapointed to learn that you are still detained in Mexico; when Mr. 
Grason returned we had no doubt but you would have been in Monclova 
long since but it apears we are still disapointed and now we can make 
no further calculation on anything We have [rejoiced?] beleaving you 
ware on your road home but for the future we will beleave nothing untill 
we see you, such procastination and disapointments are truely vexatious 
distressing — if we knew what to do for your releaf it would be don but 
we know not. I rec d - a letter from Mr. Williams from Montclova stating 
he had solisited the Governor and the Congress [of the state] to interfer 
for your releaf which he had no doubt would be don, all of which I hope 
has been forwarded, write to us what can be don for your spedy dis- 
charge if money will answer any purpose we will leave nothing undon 
to obtain it, although our faith is verry much shaken still we hope ear 
this reaches Mexico you will be on your way home. I shewed your letter 
to Mr. Grason he is now in this neighbourhood and is quit well Jack 
has recovered his health he is in San Filepe Emily and myself have 
just returned from a trip up the country which I think has been of benefit 
to her health although she has not entirely recovered. I have made 
arrangements to settle our Dickison and clear Creek lands and within the 
course of the summer have the others settled We have about 65 or 70 
acres in cotton this year but the [season] since the 1 st Mar has been so 
dry that prospects for crops are bad so far, I spoke to Whitesides about his 
power to collect Butlers debt he shewed me a paper which I presume 
you have seen which I think would be sufitient authority to him he also 
told me he had letters from him which was more particular on that subject 
so that I think there will be no difficulty on that score provided Butler 
has to come here to collect his money. I have never been able to make 
any collections of any consequence on your notes. Mr. Williams and 
Mr W H Jack both thought it was not best to commence suits on them. 
I intend to try some of them now and have little doubt of recovering, 
what is the state of your ace 1 with John Austin and Austin and McKinstrey 
they have transfered several of notes belonging to you and are endeavouring 
to collect others. Williams and myself thought best to have all we could 
stoped and have taken steps to stop one on Westall and one on Mrs Jno 
Hall. Mrs. Austin says that Jno Austin Held an note of yours for 1100$ 
and with that you will be indebted to Jno['s] Estate about 3000$ if your 
return still remains uncertain you had better inform me or Williams of 
the situation of your business with that Estate. there was only 100$ 



l2 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

paid on your order on Austin and McKinstrey for $475 in f v of Hunter 
the balance still remains unpaid. I have not offered any of your lands 
for sale not knowing any necessity for so doing as I have heard of no 
claims against you except one small one which Williams told me he had 
arranged he also told me that there was no necessity for selling any 
for the purpose of paying the drafts you have drew from Mexico — that 
he had made arrangements to Meet them, in what way he has never in- 
formed me. 

Mr Williams will or has I have no doubt wrote to you what has been don 
in the upper collony business. Ben Smith leaves in the vessel that carries 
this pr New Orleans in rather a bad humer with W. about some land specu- 
lations at Monclova. McKinny is now absent at New Orleans — is look d 
for daily 

We still have Mr. Pilgram here S. F. Austin 1 and all our children 
are going to school and improving well M. A. Bryan is studying the 
Spanish with Mr. Pegram Joel is attending to the farm and I think will 
make a good Farmer. I saw many of your old friends when up the 
country. They all enquired after you kindly, and all feel verry anxious 
for your return they are all much pleased with your exertions for the 
benefit of Texas, but are more anxious for your return than anything you 
can do for them 

[James F. Perry.] 

Perry to U. S. Consul 

DrSr. 

Your fav of 24 Dec r was rec d a short time since myself as well as all col. 
Austins friends consider ourselfs under obligation to you for the kind 
services you have rendered him in his troubles and fele gratefull to you 
for your kindness. it still being uncertain whether he has been released 
I again take the liberty of troubling you with the care of the enclosed 
letter to him should he have left you will please destroy it and should 
any unfavourble change have taken place in his situation so that he will 
not [have any means] of communicating with his friends [you will confer] 
particular obligation on me by [informing me of his] situation 

and I take a pleasure in now offering you my sincere thanks for the 
kindnesses you have render d Col Austin in his trouble 

[James F. Perry.] 
U. S. consul City of Mexico 

!The son of Austin's deceased brother, James E. B. Austin. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 73 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 

[From the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

Mexico 6 May 1835 
My friend, 

The Amnesty law was published on the 3 d instant, and I shall be at full 
liberty to leave here so soon as the necessary forms are completed to 
cancel my bail bonds etc — 

D. Victor Blanco intends to leave here about the 26 instant and I shall 
wait for him if I do not conclude to go by water, for I am at present unde- 
termined, tho think it probable shall go by land in which event expect to 
reach Monclova about the 20 June — presume you will have left there 
for home long before that time — It is my wish and intention to take 
wing in the spring — by that time I can close all my affairs I hope, and 
be able to spend a year or two in a ramble — I have a constitutional 
excuse or rather I am [constitutionally impeded by having a causa 
pendiente from holding [the] seat in the legislature to which I have been 
elected, so that there will be no difficulty on that account 

The 400 le[ague] law 1 has totally distroyed the moral standing of that 
legislature with all parties — and the Commandant Gen 1 - has gained credit 2 — 
I rec d ° your letter of 8 ult and the letters you enclosed — Toney [Anthony 
Butler] left for the U. S. on the 29 ult. and Almonte on the 30 th — I have 
never in all my life known so bad, and base a man as Butler — At the 
time he wrote the O P Q letters 3 he was my enemy, and yet he wrote them 
as tho they came from a friend of mine, and consequently they were very 
well calculated to rouse the people of Texas into rebellion, and also to 
throw suspicion on me and perpetuate my imprisonment, and this imprison- 
ment was used by him as a lever to create and keep up excitements in Texas, 
at the head of which he expected to be placed — He thinks, as it appears, 
that the people of Texas can be made tools of to promote the personal 
agrandisement of A. B. [Anthony Butler] — he is greatly deceived, or 
I do not know the people — 

Everything is quiet here [and] likely to remain so — That state of 
course [will] remain quiet and Texas in particular] — it ought to do so — 
Remember me affectionately to Peebles and Johnson, and also to my old 
friend B. Milam who I am told by Offutt is in Monclova, also to Carbajal 
and Durste Inform them at home 

Yours [Rubric] 



1 See Austin to Williams, April 15 and 29, 1835. 

2 General Cos marched against the State Government at Monclova to annul the 
land sales. 

3 For the O.P.Q. letters, see Mississippi Valley Historical Review, XI, 109-119. 



74 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Remember me particularly to my friend Ed. Gritten who I presume is 
in Mon a - [Monclova] his family are well. I rec d - his letters from Quero 
[Queretaro] and San Luis and thank him also to Garay if he is there 
as I presume he is 

I am happier than I have been for 14 years, for during all that period 
my mind has been laboring and worrying for the benefit of others and 
for the common good. My thoughts are now confined, or I should say are 
beginning to confine themselves to a narrower space — myself, my family, 
my own individual affairs it is a novelty, a new life to me, for heretofore 
I have thought more of other matters than of my own — but I shall soon 
get accustomed to it and be much happier — I want some money to travel 
next year this at present is all my cuidado 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Columbia, May 8, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr. 

Columbia, 8 th May 1835 
Mr Gaile Borden 
land office 

This will be handed to you by Mr. David S Richardson a respectable and 
industrious man of family [for whom Austin wants land.] . . . 

I go below to day with my horses for Mrs. Holley and on return shall 
visit St Filipe as soon as practicable I have arranged for a loan of 
3000$ which will enable me to close my ace 1 of fees with the office by 
paying any balance which may appear on settlement with Col A or 
Williams 

H. Austin [Rubric] 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Bolivar, May 9, 1835. See Calendar.] 

G. B. Jameson to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Orozimbo, Texas, May 11, 1835. See Calendar.] 

William W. Lewis to D. Comfert 
[Clinton, Miss., May 12, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Israel McGready to J. F. Perry 

[Potosi, Mo., May 11, 1835. Suit of George Craig vs. Perry. Won by 
Perry. Other suits and attorney's fees. Judgment against Lewis Morrison. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 75 

John R. Brown "covering himself with Cloak of Religion and always 
promising to pay." Concerning land of Rhodes S. Fisher (S. Rhoads 
Fisher?) at Bellview.] 

Henry Austin to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Bolivar, May 11, 1835. League of land for Alfred J. Worthey in 
"cahoot" for Mrs. Holley.] 

Thomas J. Gazley to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Mina, May 11, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Fayette Copeland to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Brazoria, May 16, 1835. See Calendar.] 

W. C. White to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Columbia, May 17, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Jesse Bartlett to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Best League, May 20, 1835. See Calendar.] 
f* 

Charles D. Sayre to J. F. Perry 
[Plantation, May 21, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Jared E. Groce, Jr., to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Bernardo, May 22, 1835. Application for land] 

Thomas J. Gazley to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Mina, May 25, 1835. Concerning land for Charles S. Smith.] 

Ira R. Lewis to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Matagorda, May 30, 1835. See Calendar.] 

James Kerr to Gail Borden, Jr. 

Lavaca 3 rd June 1835 
Mr Gail Borden Ju r - 

Dear Sir. I have seen a prospectus for a paper "Telagraph" — dear 
sr you will please put my name to it as a subscriber to be sent by mail and 
on Receipt of first copy — I will send you $5.00 

I have requested Major Southerland to give you $5-00 — as you requested 
fore repair of compass — etc. I and my family are in common hea[l]th, 
Mary is and has been at School for some time — and has no little praise 



76 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

from hir teacher and Schoolmates — I believe She Learns — prety well — 
She — sends hir Respects to you and Mrs-Bordin — 

Mr. B. Durbin goes to Sanfelepe to pay the fees — on a quarter League 
No-3 — above Smithes on Navidad — I — have directed him to you for 
informatition, and to pay the whole amount of the States fees — to you if 
you will recieve them — . from the deed I make out that the first payment 
will not be due till 6th December Next — but I want Mr. Durbin to pay 
all the state fees — now. 

please write me all the news — say what you know about Austin, 
Williams, etc. etc. And what is going on in the Interior. 

We have news here that Colo Austin is at Liberty, and will probably be 
in Monclova on the 20 th - this Mo. — That Gen 1 - Santana has taken 
Zacatecas. 700 — Kill d - and he took 2700 prisoners — then turned on his 
heel and went toward to the South — to put down Gen 1 - Albares and Libertey 
in that Section. We understand that Gen 1 - Cos — has sent a copy of a 
proclamation to all the Ayuntementos in texas — in which he says "there 
is certain designing foreigners in Monclova exciting and creating rebellion 
and Insulting the Sovreign Nation" etc. etc. 

The Sale of 650. x — Leagues of Land by the State has caused much 
excitement in these Settlements — so far as I have heard the people are not 
willing to stand the pull If there was any v/ay to help it — . What do 
you believe Santana's Intentions are? I have Just received a new Land 
Law, dated 2 d may — (past) — It provides for all who are Now in texas 
and who have not got any to recieve land acording to the Law of 24-march 
1825 — , by way of a commissioner Gen 1 one for Each department of Texas 
Shall be appointed, and those who come to the country Since — May 1832 — 
shall pay to the State 60-$ on a sitio of pasture, and five Dollars on each 
Lahore of Arable Land. I Leave home to day on a surveying tour in 
deleon's Colony, and shall be gone- 4 — or 5 week — . There has been a 
great many more applications for Land in that Colony than the contract 
call d for — his time was out 29 th of April — but he has time granted to 
have the Surveys, an titles made — 

There has been more than 50 — applicants since the contract was fill d 
who of course could not be recieved 

Colo Dewitt Died some time ago in Monclova. 

James Kerr 

Philip Dimmitt to Samuel M. Williams 
[Lavaca, June 4, 1835. Asks for titles.] 

iOn Land Speculation see an article by the editor, Quarterly of Texas State Historical 
Association, X, 76—95. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 77 

James F. Caldwell to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Brazoria, June 10, 1835. See Calendar.] 

J. Gordon to Baker and Bordens 
[Brazoria, June 12, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Henry McDowell to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[New Orleans, June 14, 1835. See Calendar.] 

J. G. McNeel to James F. Perry 

Wednesday Evening, [about June 22, 1835] 
Dr. Perry, 

I have but just arrived from San Felipe and would have come over 
but am exceedingly fatigued. Our country is again assailed by aspirants 
and speculators, they are attempting to deceive the people by preaching to 
them of the dangers that await us at San Felipe it was got up for the 
purpose of sustaining the Mammouth Speculation. But thank God it has 
not had the effect it was expected, the people I hope will not suffer them- 
selves to be thus imposed upon. They are now attempting to raise men to go 
and release the Governor as he is necessary to them and bring him to 
Texas They talk of nothing but declaring Ourselves Independent of 
Granting letters of Marque and reprisal and all such nonsense We must 
attend to them they must and will be put down. Nothing has been heard 
of Col. Austin lately that they may do him much Injury I am sorely 
afraid But on the present Occasion nothing can come in competition 
with their Interest — and self aggrandizement. those at the head of the 
list at San Fellipe is Sam 1 - M Williams Frank Johnson Baker at Columbia. 
Doct. Archer, John A Wharton and to my great astonishment, W m - H Jack 

J. G. McNeel 

[Addressed:] Mr. J. F. Perry — 

Henry Austin to James F. Perry 

Columbia 24 June 1835 
Mr J F Perry 

An attempt has been made here to day to involve us in an immediate 
Revolution, by sending troops forthwith in obedience to a call by the chief 
of Police to fight the federal force a report and resolution were produced 
Cut and dried in Caucus last night, Compromiting us at once — I moved 
as an amendment — That the further consideration of the subject matter 
before the meeting should be postponed until the great body of the people 
of this Municipality could be convened to express their sentiments as to 



78 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

the expediency of a measure involving the Security of the rights and 
property and the safety and lives of the families of the people this was 
not admitted by the agitators as an amendment, when it was determined 
to put the Report and Resolutions to Vote first and then take the Vote upon 
my motion, on division 2/3 were against their report — They then without 
taking a vote upon my motion, so modified their resolutions as to effect 
the same purpose which being agreed to They appointed a commitee 
to draft a report and resolution to be proposed to the meeting on Sunday — - 
Archer Wharton Jack and Henry Smith. 

It was proposed to add me and R. Williams I declined to aid in fore- 
staling the sentiments of the people. Thinking the meeting on Sunday 
ought to be left free to appoint their own committee and the people will 
reject their report on that ground if it be put to them 

You and Pleasant McNeel must be here all the McNeels Grey, Crosby — , 
every one who can give a vote, for the cast is to be made which will lose 
or win all our hopes in Texas The court is adjourned until Monday I 
am still quite unwell with the cold I took below — 12 oclock is the hour — 
best remembrances to Emily cordially and truly your friend 

H Austin [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr Jas F Perry Peach Point 

Bartlett Sims to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Mina, June 25, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Judicial Opinion Applying Amnesty Law to Austin 

SELLO TERCERO DOS REALES. 

Para los afios de mil ochocientos treinta y cuatro y ochocientos treinta 
y cinco. 

Yo el infrascrito Escribano, Certifico y doy fe en testimonio de verdad, 
que habiendose seguido causa criminal contra el ciudad°- mexicano 
Estevan F Austin por haber sido acusado de querer qe. Texas sea 
independiente del Estado de Coahuila, corridos los tramites prebenidos 
por derecho hasta recivirse a prueba, en cuyo estado, publicada la ley 
de amnistia concedida por el Congreso gral en decreto de dos de Mayo 
del corriente afio, suplico se le Aplicase, y que en su virtud se 
chancelase la fianza comentariense que tenia dada. Que pasado a la 
vista del Promotor Fiscal del Juzgado, opino que siendo el delito uni- 
camente politica cometido dentro del periodo que abraza el Articulo 
primero del citado Decreto se hallaba comprendido en el olvido de 
que habla el Mismo Articulo debiendo quedar eh absoluta libertad. 
Que dada cuenta el Senor Juez de Distrito proveyo el Auto que sigue. — 
Mexico catorce de Mayo de mil ochocientos treinta y cinco — 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 79 

Vista esta causa, y la solicitud hecha por Don Estevan Austin para 
que se le Aplique la Amnistia concedida por el Congreso general en 
decreto de dos del corriente de conformidad con lo pedido por el 
Promotor Fiscal sobre el particular se declara que el espresado Austin 
esta comprendido en el Articulo primero del citado decreto, y no en el 
ultimo, y que en consequencia debe ponerse en absoluta libertad, 
chancelandose la fianza qe. dio para su escarcelacion, lo que se 
comunicara al Supremo Gobierno para los efectos que espresa el 
articulo segundo del referido decreto, dandose cuenta prebiamente 
con la causa, y esta determinacion al Tribunal de Circuito, para que 
se sirve resolver lo que estime conveniente haciendose saber a las 
partes — Jose Arcadio de Villalba — Miguel Diez de Bonilla — "Que 
en su conformidad, dada cuenta con la causa al Tribunal del Circuito, 
por su sentencia del primero del corriente aprobo aquella determi- 
nacion mandandose debolbiese al Juzgado de primera instancia para 
su execusion; lo que se comunico al Supremo Gobierno por el Minis- 
terio de Justicia y Negocios Eclesiasticas Y para que conste donde 
convenga de mandato verbal del Senior Juez de Distrito a pedimento del 
interesado doy la presente en Mexico a veinte y seis de Junio de mil 
ochocientos treinta y cinco" siendo testigos los ciudad s - 
Man 1 Cerbantes Ygn° Zamacona y Felipe de Revilla 

Mig. Diez de Bonillas 

J. B. Miller to the Public 1 

Copia 

Gefatura del Depart 0- de los Brazos — La critica y peculiar situacion 
en la qual se encuentra nuestro Pais, requiere sean adoptadas algunas 
medidas prontos y decisisivas para su defensa contra la usurpacion Militar 
por un lado, y las depredaciones de Yndios por otra; es de mi dever como 
empleado executivo del Departamento de organizar la Milicia del mismo 
y poner el Pais en tal postura q. sean capases sus Ciudadanos de defenderla 
ellos mismos, sus libertades, y hogares contra qualesq. a invasion, Espero 
que ese ilustre Cuerpo ordene a todos los Hombres libres q. viven en esa 
Municipalidad y que sean capaces de portar aimas a alistarse inmediata- 
mente conforme a la Ley, y que los oficiales que los manden los elijan 
ellos mismos, y concluido esto dispondra V. que 25 Hombres bien armados 
y equipados pasen a reunirse la Villa de Bastrop para el dia 1° de Agosto 
proximo, con el objeto de formar una Conpania contra los Yndios barbaros, 
y tan luego como haya complido con todo lo prevenido en esta orden me 
dara cuenta por extraordinario. Tambien nombrara V. tres personas 



'From Bexar Archives, University of Texas. 



80 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

respetables de esa Municipalidad q. soliciten de los Ciudadanos una suscrip- 
cion de dinero p. a comprar armas y municiones para la defensa comun. 
Asi mismo provocara V. una reunion en esa Municipalidad con el fin de 
elegir tres Delegados q. pasaran a mi oficina en la Villa de San Felipe de 
Austin para el 1° del proccimo Agosto a fin de q. representen los senti- 
mientos de sus constituyentes y consulten y aconsejen las medidas mas 
prudentes y propias que deben adoptarse en la presente alarma del pais — 
Dios y Libertad — 

J. B. Miller. 

San Felipe de Austin 1° de Julio de 1835 — 

II. Ayunta. to de Gonzales 

Es Copia Bejar 13 de Julio de 1835. 

Edward Gritten to Colonel Ugartechea 1 

Gonzales y Julio 5. de 1835. — 
Senor Coronel D. Domingo de Ugartechea. — Bexar. — 

Muy Senor mio de mi mayor consideracion: Va despachado 
ahora mismo el correo a medida del deseo de V. segun me ha infor- 
mado el Doctor Miller voy a dar a V. una resefia del estado q. guarda en 
este distrito la cosa publica, y tambien noticiare a V. los rumores q. corren 
aqui, esto lo hago creyendo hacer en ello un Serv° a la Patria, y mucho 
me alegrare si en algo pueda contribuir a evitar en esta presiosa parte 
de la Republica trastornos y derramam to de sangre; males q. seran en sus 
efectos funestos, tanto a la Nacion en general como a Texas en particular. 
Los habitantes de esta municipalidad y de la de Mina son muy opuestos a 
las medidas adoptadas por los de San Felipe y las condenan, protextando 
sus deseos de vivir en tranquilidad y en paz con sus hermanos los Mexicanos„ 
con quienes de ning a manera quieren tener guerra, por las malas conse- 
quencias q. esta les atraheria. Por lo q. he observado yo inferiria q. la 
mayoria de los Colonos desean evitar un rompimiento con el govierno, pero 
soy de parecer q. todos ellos se opondrian a la entrada de Tropas y esa 
medida seria alarmarlos y provocarlos a una revolucion. Si el Executivo 
pues adoptase una conducta conciliatoria se encontraria con el apoyo de 
la parte sana, q. es vastante numerosa, de Texas, y podria llevar entonces 
adelante sus proyectos de establecer Aduanas; y al mismo tiempo deve 
concederle una tarifa mas equitativa y otros remedios q. demanda imperi- 
osam te la cituacion Topografica y politica de Texas. Creo q. solo en el 
Departa to de los Brazos tiene Favorecedores el decreto autorisando la venta 
de los 400 citios de tierras valdias, pues desde mi salida de esa he visto 
manifestarse mucha desaprovacion de el. — 

1 From Bexar Archives, University of Texas. For Gritten, see an article by the 
editor in Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, XIII, 145-152. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 81 

Se cuenta con todo provavilidad de ser verdad q. en el Seno cruza un 
Buque de grra. Anglo-Americano destinado espresamente al apreciam to de 
la Goleta Nacional el Moctezuma, donde quiera q. se halle, sea en alta mar, 
sea fondeada en puerto Mexicano. Mucho temo que sea exacta la noticia 
recivida ya en esa de haver sido muerto en Anahuac un Americano por 
aquel Comandante militar; p s se dice positiva te q. va a salir de San Felipe 
una expedicion con el objeto de vengar la muerte de su compatriota 
y de darla resultam te al q. se la infirio. Corre aqui tambien otra noticia 
q. bien puede ser veridica, por los antecedentes q. hay en la materia: segun 
ella los de San Felipe han cogido a dos mexicanos q. conducian pliegos por 
el Com te de Anahuac, los abrieron y llegaron a descubrir por su contenido 
q. el Comandante Principal de Bejar decia a aquel q. se mantubiera firme 
en su punto, bajo la confianza de ser prontam te auxiliado, por q. se hiva 
a despachar tropas con ese objeto, Parece q. los dos mexicanos citados 
cuando fueron cogidos entregaron los pliegos a un mocito, savedor del 
Yngles y espafiol para q. los custodiase; mas, impuesto de ellos los mexi- 
canos se echaron encima del mocito y por medios violentos le obligaron a 
producir los pliegos. En obsequio de la patria he trabajado mucho para 
combencer a esta parte de Texas de la combeniencia q. les resultara de 
guardar el orden, q. el Sup mo Gov no no tiene intencion de mandar tropas 
para atacarlos, y q. sus representaciones constitucionales seran atentidas por 
V. y por aquel. Las ocurrencias mencionadas y los conceptos de estos 
habitantes influiran tal vez me pensam to de no pasar por San Felipe, por 
el riesgo que correria de ser aprehendido y tratado como espia del Govi- 
erno; sin embargo, yo quisiera, antes de tomar cualesquiera medida re- 
specto al Sold Ximenes q. me acompana, serciorarme mas prolijam te y 
de un modo inconcuso q. correria ese riesgo; de suerte q. suspendo todavia 
mi resolucion hasta mas refleccion y si es posible hasta tomar mas informes. 
Todo lo q. va aqui es solo para informacion de V. pues si otros lo supieren 
seria acarriarme en las colonias mil transcendencias y disgustos — 

Soy de Vmd. con el mayor aprecio — Sr seg ro servidor y Amigo Q.S.M.B. 
Eduardo Gritten 

P. D. — Antes de salir de este punto bolvere a escribir a V. 
Ha llovido mucho y por ahora estoy detenido por el tiempo. Para 
destruir todo el efecto q. pueda causarse por las especies vertidas p r los 
que desean provocar en Texas una revolucion, asegurando q. bienen exer- 
citos mexicanos a talarles sus campos y a exterminar a todos los Anglo- 
Americanos; creo q. seria combeniente q. el Supremo Govierno y tambien 
los senores Comandantes militares dixeren publico y oficialm te que tales 
intenciones no existen ni se hacen preparativos de esa naturaleza; pues, 
buelvo a decir que en atencion al buen sentido en que se hallan muchos de 



82 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

los habitantes de este pais, todo se puede allanar mediante medidas con- 
ciliadores una franca manifestacion de las intenciones del Govierno con 
respecto a Texas y abstenerse de mandar Tropas. 
Es copia Bexar 7 de Julio de 1835. 

Benjamin R. Milam to Francis W. Johnson 1 

Punto Lampasos, July 5, 1835. 
Dear Johnson, 

I hope you spent the 4 th July pleasantly with your friends who feel 
some reverence for the day. As to myself, I can not say I enjoyed it. I 
got a bottle of vino muscale and drank to the Federal Constitution in all 
parts of America. I had no countrymen to join me or perhaps I should 
have done better. 

We left Monclova on the 29 of May, and were taken prisoners on the 5 th 
of June, at night, after we had encamped about eight leagues northwest of 
San Fernando. The troops had been viewing our march for the last day, 
and knew the only chance we had for water and placed themselves in a 
situation to take possession of our horses as soon as it was dusk. In this 
situation we were obliged to surrender to twenty five men — or savages as 
we may more properly call them. Capt Galan and Liut: Roderi guiz [Rod- 
riguez] commanded the party. They will be long remembered by your 
humble servant. 

We were taken to San Fernando and kept in close confinement for one 
week — not permitted to write or speak to any person except in the presence 
of an officer, and then but in the Spanish language. From there we were 
taken to Rio Grande, where we were treated something better by Capt 
Barigan from Rio Grande to this place. At present we are under the 
charge of Col: Altapa, who is a gentleman and an officer, and gives every 
indulgence we ask for. From here we expect to be sent to Monterey to 
stand our trial, and I hope to be set at liberty. But all is uncertainty. 

The whole of this part of the state has and will support the Central 
Government. The Interior from the last information we have, has fallen 
into the Central system, Santanna is Dictator — the Constitution is thrown 
away and ridiculed by those who used to call themselves Federal Repub- 
licans. 

The plan for the dissolution and destruction is laid, and every prepara- 
tion is making for its execution. In the last ten days two hundred troops 
have left this quarter for San Antonio; and from the best information I 
can collect two thousand more will be on their march in a few weeks. 
Their intention is to gain the friendship of the different tribes of Indians; 

3 Copy by Mrs. Mary Austin Holley. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 83 

and, if possible to get the slaves to revolt. These plans of barbarity and 
injustice will make a wilderness of Texas, and beggars of its inhabitants, 
if they do not unite and act with promptitude and decision. If the Federal 
system is lost in Texas, what will be our situation? worse than that of 
the most degraded slaves. The hopes of the Republican party here are all 
on Texas. I trust they will not be deceived. The people of Texas will 
never submit to a Dictator. 

B R Milam 

Edward Gritten to Colonel Ugartechea 

Gonzales, Julio 6 de 1835. 
Sor. Cor l - D N - Domingo de Ugartechea — Com te Pral de Texas — Bejar— 

Muy Sor. mio de mi mayor consideracion — 

Ayer tube el honor de escrivir a Ud. p r conducto del soldado Valenzuela 
y ahora lo hago por el de Ximenes a quien he jusgado prudente despachar 
con la presente en vista de las noticias q. acabo de saber y son las siguientes. 
un cap tan Americano McCoy llego esta mafiana del Rio Colorado de donde 
salio antes de ayer y trahe razon de haber se dado alii la muerte a un Mexi- 
can© p r unos Americanos q e le tenian por espia, mas no le hallaron 
papeles, bien q e los buscaban en su cuerpo. — Aparece qe aquel 
distrito esta muy alarmado, pues se les ha hecho creer q e ya estan las 
tropas en camino para exterminarlos. De lo sucedido en Anahuac no se 
cuenta mas, sino q e ha salido de San Felipe una espedicion de Americanos 
p a atacar aquel Comand te — Hay mucha agitacion en Texas de resultas de 
las especies alarmantes q. se difunden maliciosamente entre sus havitantes; 
me consta no obstante que la parte sana de su poblacion no quiere un 
rompimiento con los Mexicanos sino conserbar con ellas paz y union. La 
cosa publica puede componerse p r medio de los mismos habitantes; pues 
si se les asegura de un modo positivo por las autoridades competentes q. 
no hay tales intenciones de mandar tropas a atacarlos, todo quedara 
quieto y me han informado de q. muchos de los que se han levantado 
declaran q. como no sea verdad lo q. se les ha dicho de las tropas 
ellos mismos buscaran a los autores de la rebolucion y los castigaran 
ejemplarm te — Sirvase U. en obsequio del orn. y de la paz, permitirme 
asegurarles en nombre de U. q. no bienen tropas, y estoy persuadido de q. 
todo cesara. — Aguardo aqui la respuesta de U. q. espero sea satisfactoria 
para consuelo de estos habitantes. Se trata p r aqui de convocar una con- 
vencion con el objeto de manifestar su desaprobacion de los procedimientos 
de San Felipe y de prostestar su adhecion al Supremo Gobierno con tal que 

1 From Bexar Archives, University of Texas. 



84 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

no se envien tropas — Ximenes accompafia a los Sres. Bowman y Ander- 
son, a quienes recomiendo a su proteccion. 

Quedo su muy att° Servidor y Amigo Q. B. S. M. 

Eduardo Gritten. 
P.D. — No habiendo tenido lugar para sacar una copia de esta communi- 
cacion, espero tendra U. la bondad de remitirmela para mi justificacion en 
caso necesario Rubricada. 
Es copia. 

Gritten to Ugartechea 1 

Gonzales, Julio 7. de 1835. 
Sor Coronel D n Domingo de Ugartechea, Command te Principal de 

Texas — Bexar — 
Muy Sor. mio de mi mayor consideraccion : 

Antes de ayer tube el honor de escribir a U. por conducto del 
soldado Jimenez, y ahora lo hago por el de un extraordinario (Mr. 
McCoy americano) despachado por el Alcalde de esta Villa con el docu- 
mento que se remite al Sr. de Chambers, quien es regular se lo manifestara 
a Ud., habiendose considerado de importancia suficiente para hacer su 
remision por este medio. Dicho manifiesto contiene los sentimientos que 
animan a los habitantes del Distrito de Columbia, y arroja una serie de 
resoluciones que son dignas de tomarse en concideracion, pues ellas evi- 
dencian que aun en las inmediaciones de San Felipe, hay muchas gentes 
sensatas que condenan los procedimientos de los de aquella Villa y desean 
como ya he dicho, guardar el orden y mantener la paz y union a los 
Mexicanos: Igualmente protestan contra todo acto de violencia y contra 
aquellos que se han resistido a pagar los derechos maritimos, denuncian- 
dolos como "extrangeros," y finalmente declaran su adhesion al Gobierno 
General. Una de sus resoluciones previene la Convocacion, por los Departa- 
mentos de Texas, a una especie de Junta a componerse de Diputados nom- 
brados por los respectivos Distritos, quienes deberan formar un Gobierno 
Provisional para mientras dure la situacion acefala del Estado y el desorden 
y anarquia que actualmente reinan en Texas. En seguida, se publican unas 
malas traduciones de correspondencia interceptada, firmada respectivamente 
por Ud. el Sr. Cos y otros individuos, dirigida principalmente al Coman- 
dante de Anahuac y recomendando aquel el que se mantenga firme, porque 
le llegara pronto el socorro de tropas necessarias. Por aqui corre la voz 
de que en la Bahia han desembarcado 500 hombres de tropa, cuya noticia 
viene en confirmacion de lo que aprece en dicha correspondencia. Se han 
disuelto la espedicion que iba contra Anahuac y es que estaban haciendo 
fuertes en el Colorado se han desistido de ello, y entrando ya en desengafio 

1 From Bexar Archives. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 85 

se estan tranquilizando y juran hacerse justicia en los que han perturbado 
el orden publico. No hay duda que se prepara una reaccion en una fuerte 
y general oposicion a los Planes revolucionarios de los agitadores del Pais. 
! Quiera Dios que se lleve al cabo la obra de pacificacion por los habitantes 
mismos, y que la dignidad y moderacion que espero sabra desplegar el 
Supremo Gobierno, y sus empleados contribuyan eficazmente a deshacer 
la nube que poco ha ennegrecia el horizonte politico de Texas, amargandolo 
con ruina. No se ha confirmado la noticia de la muerte del americano 
como dada por el Comand te de Anahuac, y si la del mexicano en Rio 
Colorado. Amigo, yo deceo el bien de Texas, compatible con los derechos 
y el decoro de la Nacion, y por eso, sin ser llamado, he tornado una parte 
activa y visible en su escena politica, dirigiendo, todos mis esfuerzos a 
impedir que la tea de la guerra Civil se encienda: en cuyo trabajo he 
recibido la mayor cooperacion de esta Municipalidad y creo q. puedo ase- 
gurar, de la de Mina tambien juntamente con sus habitantes en general 
y el Sr. Don. Jaime H. C. Miller en particular: el buen juicio y los senti- 
mientos verdaderam te patrioticos en que abundan estos Sres. son dignos de 
todo elogio. Quiero, pues, q. U. me permita insinuarle que el mandar a 
Texas tropas sera una medida cuyas consecuencias podran ser tracedentales: 
la llegada de dichas tropas sera la confirmacion autentica de las especies 
difundidas por los revolucionarios; servira para reunir a los partidas y 
acabara con introducir la semilla de permanentes discordias entre los Mexi- 
canos y los Colonos; ! Ojala que esto no suceda! Me persuado que el 
buen sentido de la buena y mayor parte de Texas todo lo compondria — 
Espero que muy pronto llegara la respuesta de U. que aguardo, pues no 
pienso detenerme a q. U. me acuse recibo de la presente, porque si neces- 
sario fuere, el Correo podra salir a alcanzarme por el camino de San Felipe, 
para donde salgo tan luego como reciba la respuesta mencionada. — 

Soy de U. muy at° seguro Serv or y Amigo Q. S. M. B. — 

Eduardo Gritten. 

Es Copia. Bejar 11 de Julio de 1835. 

Gritten to Ugartechea 1 

Gonzales y 9 Julio de 1835 — 
Muy Serior mio de mi mayor consideracion : 

tube el honor de poner a U. una carta con fha. 7. del corr te que va 
en esta ocasion, habiendo sido detenida con el objeto de dar a V. parte de 
lo ocurrido en esta Villa, que espero sera de su satisfaccion. Ayer a las 
6 de la tarde llego el soldado con las comunicaciones de V. incluyendo 
dos oficios para los Gefes Politicos de los Brazos y Nacogdoches los q. 

1 From Bexar Archives. 



86 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

llevare a su destino. He tenido el gusto de participar a este veeindario 
el contenido de sus apreciables comunicaciones y tengo el de noticiar 
a V. que se han recibido con la mayor satisfaccion. Sus animos se hallan, 
en consequencia, mas tranquilizados y me persuado que volveran a sus 
quehaceres, convencidos de que los mexicanos no vendran ya degollarlos, 
como se lo habian hecho creer. Me alegrare mucho si mis informes y 
esfuerzos producen los mismos efectos en las demas partes de este pais, 
pero, amigo mio, le digo con franqueza que si vienen a Texas mas tropas 
de las suficientes para poner destacamentos en los puertos y para contener 
a los indios (bien que los colonos mas bien se presindirian de recibir este 
beneficio por medio de tropa acuartelada entre ellos,) o si dichas tropas 
traen otro objeto diferente, entonces la tranquilidad de Texas quedara com- 
prometida y todo sus habitantes volveran a oponerse a lo que tendria 
visos de una invacion o ataque, o sea intencion de sugetarlos por la fuerza. 
El estado de inquietud en que se halla Texas va predisponiendo a los colo- 
nos a escuchar con atencion lo q. se les cuenta de q. el Supremo Gobierno 
general trata de vender a Texas, y que Almonte lleva a Washinton las pro- 
posiciones e instrucciones necesarias. Con medidas beneficas se puede calmar 
la efervecencia que hay, lo que no se podra conseguir haciendo uso de la 
fuerza; pues quien sabe lo q. resultaria por parte de nuestros vecinos los 
Anglos. Esta Municipalidad y la de Mina estan trabajando empenosa- 
mente en desvanecer las malas impresiones causadas p r los mal contentos 
y se han distribuido en diferentes secciones copias de las comunicaciones 
de V. y del Acta que estos vecinos han levantado. Yo no dudo que todos 
estos pasos tendran buen efecto y me propongo en obsequio del pais secun- 
darlos, bien que va en ello mi seguridad personal, porque tengo q. recelar 
bastante de la violencia de los de San Felipe. Una copia de la Acta citada 
va dirigida al Alcalde de Bejar, quien es regular se la manifieste a V. y 
otra va remitida a S.E. el Presidente, por conducto del Sor. de Cos. 
Esta se contrae a hacer ver que despues de un discurso pronunciado por 
mi recomendando orden y tranquilidad y asegurandoles de las intenciones 
beneficas del Legislativo y Ejecutivo Grab, procedio la junta a formar 
una serie de resoluciones protestando contra los procedimientos de los de 
San Felipe con lo demas q e vera V. en la copia q. se les remite a V. habien- 
dose dado lugar para q. se sacara. Por ahora no se me ofrece mas q. 
comunicar a V. hasta mi llegada a San Felipe, me parece sin embargo 
conveniente informar a V. q. los Tejanos quieren constituirse en Estado y 
segun las ultimas ocurrencias sucedidas en Monclova, semejante deseo 
es natural y como efecto de una causa muy fuerte. Jusgo ser necesario 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 87 

advertir a V. q. la Junta que en esta se ha celebrado es distinta de la 
Convencion, cuyo proyecto sigue y sera mas comprehensiva — Sirvase V. 
admitir la oferta de mis respetos y mande encuanto guste a su muy at° 
seguro Servidor y Amigo Q. B. S. M. — 

Eduardo Gritten. 

Sor. Cor 1 D. Domingo de Ugartechea. — Bejar — 

Es copia. Bejar 11 de Julio de 1835. 

Thomas M. Blake to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Caney Creek, July 10, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Gritten to Ugartechea 1 

Gonzales 11. de Julio de 1835 — 
Muy Senor mio de mi mayor consideracion: 

tengo el sentimento de noticiar a V. que salio falso el parte que 
le di de no haberse emprehendido nada por parte de los de San Felipe 
contra Anahuac por que ya se sabe positivam te q. una espedicion compuesta 
de un num° de hombres que no se especifica, partio de aquella Villa para 
aquel punto y habiendole intimado la rendicion a su Com te este tubo a 
bien entrar en capitulaciones y entregar el Puesto quedando unicam te doce 
soldados con sus armas y habiendose traido la tropa a San Felipe, desde 
donde emprehendieron dispersos su biaje, creo q. para Matamoros. El 
proyecto de una convencion en los terminos q e previenen las resoluciones 
hechas en Columbia, las q. ya deben de obrar de hora en adelante y su 
objeto es establecer para Texas un Gobierno provicional, 6 tomar las 
medidas q. parescan conducentes: el proyecto gana partidarios y parece q. 
para llebarlo adelante se han unido los partidos contendientes, pues asi 
opinan q. conseguiran lo q. apetecen, esto es, erigirse en Estado. El Gefe 
politico de los Brazos ha mandado un oficio su fha. 1° del corriente y 
recibido ayer por esta municipalidad en el q. le previene aquel disponga 
la reunion en Mina (a Bastrop) el 1° de Agosto proximo de 25. hombres 
armados para coadyuvar a la defensa del pais contra los indios y contra 
cualesquiera clase de invacion que sea; que tambien embie tres delegados 
para la junta q. debera celebrarse en S n Felipe el 1° de Agost° proximo, 
con el objeto, y como ya he dicho, de formar el Gobierno provicional etc. 
tambien debe nombrarse una Comision q e junten fondos por medio de su- 
scripciones para costear armas, municiones etc. Va inclusa una copia en 
ingles que no he tenido lugar de transladar al Espafiol, porque mafiana 
salgo para Nacogdoches sin intencion de pasar por San Felipe; pero el 
pliego para el Gefe Politico de los Brazos ira siempre por un Conducto 



1 From Bexar Archives. 



88 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 



seguro. Es cierto q. se estan construyendo en el Colorado y en el paso de 
la Bahia, fuertes de madera (block houses) un americano fue herido en 
Anahuac, no muerto como se havia contado antes. Los habitantes de Texas 
protestan todos contra la conducta de los especuladores de tierras; mas, 
yo entiendo q. en contra de los Mejicanos se uniran unanimam te Williams 
estaba en Brazoria, con destino, se dice, para los estados Unidos del Norte. 
Los Colonos creyeron por lo q. se les havia contado, que 2000 caballos 
venian por tierra y sus gingetes por agua para atacarlos. Concluyo a 
prisa por q. el Companero de Sor Smith me violenta. 

De V. muy atento seguro servidor y amigo Q.B.S.M. 

Eduardo Gritten___. 

Sor Cor 1 D n Domingo de Ugartechea — Bejar — 

Muy confidencial — 

Es copia. Bejar 13. de Julio de 1835. 

Ugartechea [Rubric] 

Austin's Passport 

Presidente de los Estados — Unidos Mexicanos 



No. 762 

Registrado a fs. 229 
del libro 2° del ramo. 
Derechos dos pesos. 



Concede libre y seguro pasaporte al Ciuda- 
dano Estevan F. Austin para q. e pase a 
Tejas por el Camino q. e mejor le convenga 






Yalga por 

el tiempo necesario. 



y encarga S. E. a todas las autoridades, asi 
civiles como militares de la Nacion, no le 
pongan embarazo en su transito, y les fran- 
queen los ausilios que pueden convenirle, 
pagandolos por sus justos precios. Palacio 
del gobierno federal en Mexico a 11. de 
Julio de 1835. y 15. de la independencia. 

De orden de su excelencia, 
El Secretario de Estado y del Despacho de 

Relaciones 

Mig. de Bonilla [Rubric] 



V° B° 
Vasquez [Rubric] 



Sale para N. Orleans en el Bergantin Wan- 
derer. V a Cruz Julio 23 de 1835 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 89 

Visado por este Consulado para pasar a Brazoria en la Goleta Ameri- 
cana S n Felipe Capitan Hurd. Nueva Orleans, Agosto 22 de 1835. 

Fran° Pizarro Martinez [Rubric] 
[On Back:] Passport. Mexico, ll. th July 1835. 
[Col. Stephen F. Austin.] 

Cos to Ayuntamientos of Texas 
[Matamoras, July 12, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Daniel Ayers to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Montville, July 12, 1835. Concerning field notes.] 

H. J. Offutt to Austin 
[Mexico, July 12, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Austin in Account with Washington Hotel 1 

Col. Stephen F Austin 

To Washington Hotel .... Dr. 
1834 

Deer 27 To 1 Bot Wine 10/ [reales] (28) 1 Bot Wine 10/ 2.4 

J any 2 " 1 Bot Ale 3/ (3) 1 Gin King 2/ 5 

3 " 1 Bot Ale 3/ (7) 1 gs. 1/ ...... "4 

8 " 1 gs. qt Gin 1/ 1 Bot Ale 3/_, "4 

10 " 1 Bot Ale 3/ (11) 1 Bot Ale 3/ 6 

12 " 1 gs. Gin 1/ (14) 1 Bot Ale 3/ "4 

15 " 1 qt gs 1/ 1 Bot Wine 10/ 1.3 

15 "1 dinner for Padre Muldoon 1 

25 " pd postage of a letter 3/ . "3 

25 " 1 Bot Ale 3/ (27) 1 gs Wine Sangre 2/ "5 8.6 

25 " 1 gs Brandy 1/ 1 

28 " 1 Extra dinner 8/ 1 Bot Wine 10/ 2.2 

28 " Amt. of Mr. Graysons a/c 39.6V 2 

Feby 3 " 1 gs brandy 1/ (6) 1 Bot Wine 10/ 1.3 

6 " 1 gs. Gin 1/ (7) 1 gs brandy 1/ 2 

9 " 1 gs brandy 1/ (11) 2 gs do 2/ "3 

12 " Cash lent $2, 1 gs 1/ 2.1 

16 " 1 gs 1/ (17) 1 gs 1/ 1 Bot Wine 10/ 1.4 

18 " 2 gs brandy 2/ (20) 1 gs 1/ Ale 3/ 6 

21 " 2 gs 2/ (23) 1 gs 1/ 1 Ale 3/ 6 49.2V 2 

23 " 1 Extra dinner 8/ (24) 1 gs 1/ 1.1 

23 " 1 Extra dinner 8/ (24) 1 gs 1/ 1.1 

26 " 1 gs 1/ 1 Bot Ale 3/ 4 

28 " 1 gs 1/ 1 

1 This was the hotel, managed by H. J. Offutt, in Mexico City, at which Austin 
stayed after his release on bail in December, 1834, until his departure for Texas, in 
July, 1835. 



90 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

March 2 " 1 gs 1/ (3) 1 gs. 1 Bot Ale 3/ 5 

4 " 1 gs 1/ 1 Bot ale 3/ 4 

6 " 1 gs 1/ (9) 1 gs (10) 11 qt 1/ . "3 

12 " 1 gs 1/ (13) 1 gs 1/ 1 Ale 3/ "5 

15 " 1 gs 1/- 1 Bot Ale 3/ "4 

16 " 1 Bot Ale 3/ (18) 1 Bot Ale 3/ "5 51— 

To Amt Carried over $63, lVz 

1835 To Amount Brot over $63, 1% 

Mar 20 To 1 Bot Ale 3/ (21) 1 Bot Wine 10/ 1.5 

22 " 1 gs bitters 1/ writing paper 1[ 2 

1 Bot Ale 3/ 1 gs biandy 1/ 4 

1 gs 1/ 1 nights Lodging 25th Deer 6V 2 7% 

1 gs 1/ (27) 1 gs 1/ (30) 1 gs 1/ 3 

Boarding and Lodging from 26 th Deer 1834 to March 

31st 1835, inclussive is 13 weeks 200 4% $204 2 

5 days @ $14,5 267 3V 2 



23 

24 
25 



Apl 2 " 2 days board and L $4.1/— (4) 1 din 8/ 5 1% 

1835 , $272,5% 

Jany 13 By Cash on a/c $10 . 10 



To Bal due W H .. $262, 5 

The above was paid by my obligation to pay it to J. B. Chance and some 
more that Offutt deliver d to me making in all three hundred and four 
dollars 50-100 12 July 1835 

S. F. A. 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Mexico July 13 1835 
Dear Brother, 

I expect to leave here for home this week by way of Vera Cruz or 
Tampico unless I meet with company going by land in which event I would 
go that way, as the fever is generally bad on the coast and in New Orleans 
so late in the summer. 

Everything is tranquil in this part of the country — Congress is to meet 
in extra session on the 19 of this month — There seems to be no doubt 
that the system of Gov 1 will be changed from federal to central, tho it prob- 
ably will be some months before the new constitution can be framed and 
published 

There are many reports and falsehoods circulated here about Texas. 
I believe that the most of them originate with persons who wish the Gov*- 
to send the most of the army there, so as to leave an open field for revolu- 
tion here, in the absence of the army 

This has been a very hard trip upon me, but I anticipate a quiet life 
with you when I get home , 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 91 

Keep the children at school They ought to learn Spanish. it will 
always be usefull to them. Gen 1 - Santana is at his hacienda near Vera 
Cruz 

S. F. Austin 

[To James F. Perry] 

Gritten to Ugartechea 1 

San Felipe Julio 17. de 1835. — 
Senor Cor l D- Domingo de Ugartechea, 

Comd te Pral de Coahuila y Tejas — Bejar — 
Muy Senor mio de mi mayor cOnsideracion : 

Segun bera V. por las comunicaciones que en esta ocasion remiten a V. 
las autoridades de este Departam to ' mi bisita a esta Villa Como portador 
del oficio de V. dirigido a este Gefe politico, ha producido tan buenos y 
mejores resultados que en Gonsales, y aun hasta el Savina todos unanim te 
desean conservar la paz y mostrar sin escrupulo su desaprovacion de los 
atentados cometidos contra la Nacion, y todos han quedado muy satis- 
fechos y agradecidos a lo que V. ha tenido a bien haser en su fabor — 

A mi entender y bista la buena disposicion de estos havitantes no resta 
para consumar la obra comensada de la pacificacion de este pais, mas que 
abstenerse de mandar tropas para hostilisarlos. Repito, amigo, hasta ser 
tal vez fastidiosa esta indicacion; por que estoy intinam te persuadido que si 
V. S. biene con ese objeto 6 en gran numero, sera la serial de una reunion 
de todos los Tejanos y la Grra. Civil con todas las consequencias y tra- 
sendencias se ensenderia inmeresidam te . Dentro de un par de dias salgo 
para Nacogdoches, de cuyo punto noticiare a V. el resultado de su comuni- 
casion para aquel Gefe Politico, que no dudo sera tan faborable como lo 
ha sido hasta aqui: Espero resibir sus dignas comunicaciones en dicha 
Villa y puede que buelva dentro de breve a esta. — 

De V. muy atento Seg° Serv or y amo. q.b.s.m. — 

Eduardo Gritten 

P. D. — Se esta disponiendo una comparia contra los indios hostiles, con 
cuyo objeto se reunen boluntarios. 

Es Copia Bejar. Julio 26. de 1835. Ugartechea [Rubric] 

John Y. Wallace to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Columbia, July 18, 1835. Wanting land title.] 

1 From Bexar Archives. 



92 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Asa Brigham to J. A. Wharton et al. 1 

Columbia July 19 th 1835 
To the Committee from the Jurisdiction of Columbia 
Gentlemen, 

I have the pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your esteemed favor 
of the 15 th Inst, together, with the important documents annexed; They 
have been published and circulated in this jurisdiction, the copies re- 
quired will be forwarded to you to day by Mr. Eaton; They are printed 
in hand bill form, with a part of the late proceedings of the Ayuntamiento 
of Columbia annexed, the circular which was addressed to different 
Ayun tos of the Dep tmt of Brazos was through mistake omited. 

I am highly Gratified to learn that the minds of the citizens and public 
Meeting at San Filipe, so completely accord with the resolutions of this 
Jurisdiction, in fact my most sanguine expectations have been more than 
realized 

I discover the Planters are again in good cheer, when informed that the 
present prospect is good for them to gether their present crops, and enjoy 
the rewards of their Labour, in place of taking up arms, and marching 
against the mexican Troops, for the only purpose of protecting a few un- 
principled Land speculators, and resqueing, one of the most depraved 
State Legislatures, that ever assembled on the continent of North America. — 

Gentlemen, You are now placed upon the watch Tower, dont be caught 
naping in time of calm, I hope your zeal and determination will not 
abate in effecting if possible our first projected plan, that of calling the 
delegation we will want advice in General Council, ere long important 
maters will arrise between Texas and the Centeral Government, which will 
require all the intellectual faculties of Texas to be concentrated, in order 
to be prepared to assert our rites as freemen with a full determination to 
defend them. 

In my humble opinion, there is questions nearly ripe, and will soon be 
agitated; when once commenced, will flud in upon us in rapied succession, 
do let us be prepared to answer them promptly and wisely without hesi- 
tation, 

The first may be, will Texas pay duties, I am under the impresion the 
planter cannot be found among us, but would say that he would sooner pay 
40 pr. ct. higher for his goods than to take up arms, and run the risque of 
embarking in a seven years war with the Mexican Nation; perhaps the next 

X A collection of documents showing public opinion in Texas preceding the revolution 
was published in Publications of the Southern History Association, Volumes VII— IX. 
These documents were collected by the present editor but their arrangement and the 
editorial comments, neither of which he approves, were the work of the editor 
of the Publications. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 93 

will be with others whether Texas will submit to any form of Government 
other than that of Republican, let us be prepared to take a firm stand, 
and never degrade those principals which we inherited from our fore- 
fathers, — 

Is the Political Chieff doing anything towards effecting our grand ob- 
jects? — I would suggest to you the propriety of placing the post office 
in hands that can be relied on as soon as practicable; you will please keep 
a copy of all (if any) official communications that, in the name of this body 
should issue from you, that they can be filed in the archives of this 
Ayuntamiento. 

I have no news that will either be interesting or beneficial to you to 
communicate. .1 am in hopes of hearing from you again soon. — Rumor 
says that Judge Andrews received a letter from N. Y. which informs that 
Col. Morgan has conversed with Col. Butler who says that San Anna 
intends to put Texas under a military Government, and will appoint D. G. 
Burnet Governor; — rumor d further more that Gen 1 - Coss has issued another 
proclamation the purport of it amounts to the information received from 
Griton [Gritten], also the 600 Bar ls of Flour has been reduced to 4 wagon 
loads; — 

A. Brigham 
Messrs J. A. Wharton, J. F Perry, J H Bell, Sterlng McNeel, Jas. Knight, 
Committee, San Felipe. 

[Addressed:] To the Hon. Committee from the Jurisdiction of Colum- 
bia San. Felipe 

Politeness of Mr. Eaton. 

S. Dooley to Gail Borden, Jr. 1 

Bee Bayou July the 22 1835 
Mr. Borden 

Sir I would Inform you that I am an applicant for Land; through 
Andr L. Phinney as he Is to Clear the same out of the Office for the half, 
I was born in Virginia emigrated last from Tennessee landed In Matagorda 
in march 1832 about 25 years of age my wife was born in Kentucky 

1 The historical significance of this document is in the concrete information which 
it gives of the successive migrations of the writer. Much study has convinced the 
editor that this was a typical experience. See Barker, The Life of Stephen Austin, 
149-150. 



94 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

married in Tenessee about 20 years of age and has three children 2 boys 
and one girl 

Shirise Dooley? 
N B Mr. Borden 

Dear Sir Mr. Tone will make the entry for me yours etc 

Andrew L Phinney 
[Addressed:] Mr. Gail Borden At his Office San Filipe Texas 
By the Politeness of Mr T J Tone 

Trial of Tomas Garcia for Desertion 
[Anahuac, July 20, 1835.] 

Daniel Ayers to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Stone Cottage Montville, July 22, 1835. Various land deals.] 

Isham B. Philips to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Mount Pleasant, July 23, 1835. Getting land title for Lewis Neal.] 

.Sub-Contractors of Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company to 

Santa Anna 
[New York, July 25, 1835. See Calendar. The petitioners were Thomas 
E. Davis, Gilbert L. Thompson, Joseph L. Joseph, and James Prentiss. In 
1831 and subsequently they sent 120 families to Texas — mostly Europeans 
— but rejected by Teran. Have expended large amounts for agents and sur- 
veyors. Now have agents and mechanics in Texas constructing mills and 
preparing farms. Petition for grant to settle 1200 families before January 
1, 1838. Itemized expenses: Consideration paid for contract, $62,000; 
charter of vessels for colonists and freight, and for machinery, $24,000; 
machinery for spinning cotton, to be delivered October 1 at Galveston, 
$23,500.] 

Charles Messer to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Peach Creek, July 27, 1835. Applying for land.] 

Jefferson George to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Peach Creek, July 27, 1835. Wants land for Thomas J. Williams, 
resident of Texas fourteen years. Twenty-eight, married, two children; 
wife, nineteen, emigrant from Missouri.] 

Asa Brigham to James F. Perry 
[Jurisdiction of Columbia, July 29, 1835. See Calendar.] 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 95 



W. B. Travis to Colonel Ugartechea 1 

San Felipe de Austin. 31. de Julio de 1835 
Senor Coronel D. Domingo Ugartechea. 
Querido Sor: 

En vista del conocimiento que tuve con V. en el Anahuac en 1832, me 
tomo la livertad de incluirle una Carta abierta para el Sor. Eduardo Gritten, 
esperando me haga el singular favor de avansarla entre la corresp a que V. 
despache al Sr. Com te Gral. 

La carta como digo va abierta y sujeta a la inspeccion de V. porque no 
pretendo ocultacion en la materia a q. se contrahe y porque estoi satis- 
fecho de haberme conducido por puros motivos que bajo impresion 
erronea se crearon falsos rumores que todo a la vez implicitamente descar- 
garon. 

Yo deseo hacer una representacion de todo lo ocurrido al Gov no y 
espero de su franqueza se sirva indicarme el modo como devo hacerla, 
y si V. me permitira hacer otra igual en derechura a V. 

Me hallo demasiado ansiosa de que todas nuestras dificultades fenescan 
felism te y ver al Gob no firmemente establecido sobre bases permanentes. 

Ygnoro las materias que adoptara el Gov no de Mejico que garantisen la 
seguridad de las personas, y propiedades. por tanto le suplico de darme una 
idea sobre este particular 

Solamente se requiere buena intelig a entre el Gov no y el Pueblo de tejas 
para arreglar todas las cosas definitivam te 

Si V. condeciende en abrir una [correspondencia conmigo] sobre este 
particular 2 Yo pienso que una buena intelig a nos aproximara al fin, 
asegurandole a V. que los Habitantes se hallan en la mejor disposicion 
p a ello. 

La causa de que soliscite de V. este favor es porque pienso que producira 
los mas beneficos efectos tanto al Gov no como al Pueblo de Tejas 

Ruego a V. de dispensarme que no le escriba en Castellano por que no 
pueda expresarme en esta Ydioma. 

Con consideracion de alto respecto y particular atencion tengo el honor 
de ser vuestro obediente Serv or 

W. Barrett Travis 
P.D. 

Dignese V. solicitar del S r J. G. Smith para que tradusca esta Carta. 

Travis 

1 From Bexar Archives. 

2 For an account of the attack on Anahuac see "Difficulties of a Mexican Revenue 
Officer," by the editor, Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, IV, 190-202. 



96 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Thomas Jefferson Chambers to Ira R. Lewis 

San Felipe July 31 st 1835 
Maj r - Ira R. Lewis, 
Dear Maj r - 

I am again in this elisium and very anxious to see you for many reasons. 
I am here for the purpose of organizing the Court, and of representing the 
Municipality of Gonzalez in the approaching council convoked by the Chief. 
Old Capt. Martin and myself have come apparently to a good understand- 
ing, and he will support the court. 

I shall proceed in a short time to Nacogdoches for the same purpose 
and to quiet the war party. They tell me you have given the war whoop; 
is it so Come, now be quiet. 

I wish to swear in the officers before I leave here. Please send up my 
trunks, books, etc. by the first opportunity, as I shall need them. Please 
present my kindest remembrances to Mrs. Lewis, and to my little sweet 
hearts. Oh! how much older I have grown. 

T. Jefferson Chambers [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Maj r - Ira R. Lewis Matagorda 

General Cos to Ayuntamiento of Columbia 
[Matamoras, August 1, 1835. See Calendar.] 

James Kerr to Ira R. Lewis 1 

San felipe 3 rd " August 1835 
Major Ira R. Lewis Esq r 

My Dear Sir, I came on Saturday the first inst — but did not know in what 
capacity — I thought probably to a convention of all Texas or, at least 
to a council of all the department of Brassos — but it turned out to be in 
consequence of the order of His Honor James B. Miller etc. — 4 Munici- 
palities was represented, and 3 was not — It turned out as — friend Fisher 
predicted — nothing — and so much the better for us — but we felt ourselves 
unauthorised to do anything (even recommendatory) because there was not 
a full representation — The Hon bI Acting Chief [Wily Martin] Informed 
us that Doct r Miller had not informed him of any reasons he had for call- 
ing the council etc, that Commissioners (Messrs Gritton and Barrett) 2 
had been sent to see Gen 1 - Cos — In order to explain through him 

3 For elucidation of this letter and other matters preceding the Texas revolution 
see an article by the editor, "Organization of the Texas Revolution," in Publications 
of Southern History Association, V, 451—476. 

2 On Barrett and Gritten see articles by the editor, Quarterly of Texas State Historical 
Association, XIII, 145-152, and Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XX, 139-145. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 97 

to the president the whole affairs of Texas — The Chief dissolved the counsil, 
without a day — but it is understood that he will recommend to those munici- 
palities not represented in this council to hold elections for delegates, and 
that in case of Immergencies, after hearing from our commissioners, he 
will call them together again. A question is pending in Columbia on the 
subject of Convention or no Convention; and to be tried on Saturday week — 
I believe it is the Desire of a Majority of all to keep pease as long as 
(hands off) and when our rights and priveleges are invaded to kick like 
mules all feet at once — Chambers will wright you — and I must refer 
you to Mr- Robbinson etc — for the ballance of the news — My Respects 
to Mrs-L- and little ones and believe me Dear Cir Yours truly — 

James Kerr 

P-S- I will send you the am 1 of my note in favor of Mr. Chievs — by 
the first oppertunity after getting home — 

Let me hear from you often — 

Mrs- K. has a Jim Crow 16 days old ha, and I start home in a fewe 
minnits — 

[Addressed:] Major Ira R. Lewis Esq r Mattagorda 

Edward Gritten to James F. Perry 

Bexar, 4 th August 1835 
James F. Perry Es q 
Dear Sir, 

Immediately on my arrival here I made enquiries after our mutual 
friend Col. Austin and learned from Col. Ugartechea that he is still in 
Mexico, doing well and at liberty. An Officer is here who lately left that 
capital and brings the intelligence, I shall therefore endeavour to find 
him out and will transmit to you further particulars Being much occupied 
I have no time for more than to Subscribe myself 

Edward Gritten [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] James F. Perry Esq. San Felipe de Austin 

J. H. Money to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[San Felipe, August 6, 1835. Land title for John J. Whitesides.] 

Wily Martin to Ayuntamiento of Columbia 
[San Felipe, August 10, 1835. Transmitting order for certain arrests. 
See Calendar.] 

Minister of Relations to Ayuntamiento of Gonzales 
[Mexico, August 12, 1835. See Calendar.] 



98 the austin papers 

Daniel Yeamans to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Live Oak Landing, August 15, 1835. Applying for land.] 

Benjamin F. Smith to James F. Perry 

Point Pleasant 15 th August 1835 
Mr. J. F. Perry 
Dr. Sir 

As I have determined not to go to the meeting at Columbia to day it may 
be well to prevent a misunderstanding of my course to say what it has 
been and what it is now — 

I have been opposed to the plan of taking San Antonio without first 
consulting the people — It was certainly premature and contrary to the 
spirit of our education — because we have not been taught to believe, that 
a few ought to controll the destiny of all — be their motives what they may — 
In all matters where the all are interested, all should be consulted and by 
a clearly expressed will of the majority the ballance should be governed— 
Because I am opposed to the plan, of a few at San Felipi it has been said 
that "I am a disappointed land speculator" if it ware so it was my mis- 
fortune or my good fortune — It matters not — It might also be said that 
those who were so anxious for the plan of the few at San Felipi "ware 
not disappointed land speculators" the one would as likely be true as 
the other — but I impune no mans motives this is not the way to get at 
truth — one should not be too ready to suspect the motives of each other — 
It is certain that there is some excitement in the country — I am sorry for 
it — I am sure I know the cause — but how are we to remedy it — not by 
strife among ourselves — we must be united — and there is but one way 
that I can see to effect that object — a meeting of the people by their delli- 
gates — If they desire to defeat the "land speculators" no better way can 
be thought of that I can see — The people will have all in their own 
hands — I am not at present in favour of a convention, because I think 
we shall be alone — but if the majority say convention so say I but I am 
for disunion with our other half, who have made it their business for the 
last 2 or 3 years to ruin us — I am not in favour of supporting any of the 
ex state authorities — but shall be in favour of a clean turne and declare for 
our selves — We cannot make parte of a defense — We must go the whole 
or none at all — I am persuaded the people will not fight for those who 
have been their worst enemies — They have all in their own hands and 
can do as they please I will go with my countrymen right or wrong — 
all I have shall be pledged for our common defense 

Benja. F. Smith [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr. Jas. F. Perry Columbia 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 



99 



General Cos to Colonel Ugartechea 

[Matamoras, August 15. Ordering the arrest of Zavala.] 

Call for a Convention of All Texas 

[Resolutions of a meeting held at Columbia, August 15, 1835, are here 
omitted. They were printed in Publications of the Southern History 
Association, VII, 200-201 (May, 1903). The resolutions were circulated 
in a broadside, followed by the following document.] : 

In addition to the above resolutions recommending a consultation we 
publish the names of those who signed a paper some of whom were unable 
to attend the meeting. This clearly evinces a great unanimity in the 
jurisdiction of Columbia. 

We whose names are hereunto subscribed are of opinion that a conven- 
tion of the people of Texas is best calculated to quiet the present excitement, 
and to promote the general interest of Texas; we acknowledge the doctrine 
of "THE RIGHT OF INSTRUCTION," and we therefore recommend to 
our fellow-citizens, the call of a CONVENTION, and we further recom- 
mend that the delegates to said convention be instructed, so that no party 
may rule, and that the people be fairly represented. 

Brazoria, Aug. 9, 1835. 



John Sharp, 
Joseph Mims, 
David Mills, 
Wm. H. Wharton, 
John A. Wharton 
F. C. Gray, 
Josiah T. Harrei 
R. J. W. Reel, 
Joseph Walker, 
R. D. Tyler, 
Joseph R Hoppe, 
Thos. T. Erwin 
Benjamin R. Brigham 
Thos. R. Sweny, 
George Welsh, 
William Edwards, 
Hiram Riggs, 
Anson Jones, 
B. T. Archer, 
Wm. G. Hill. 
L. Kelcy, 
Jno. P. Gill, 



Wm. E. Harris 
A. Robinson, 
J. M. Shipman, 
Joseph S. Sevey, 
Edmund Andrews, 
Walter A. Mangham, 
Samuel May, 
John Angel, 
Alexander Calvit, 
J. C. Hoskins, 
J. W. Fannin, jr. 
Fleming T. Wells, 
Henry Fisher, 
Mark W. Smith, 
John Ward, 
Wm. A. Gilliland, 
James O'Connor, 
Richard Shelton, 
John Gellespie, 
Allen Larison, 
W. H. Bynum, 
J. Brown, 



Wm. Purkins, 
David Randon, 
John W. Cloud, 
Garon Hines, 
P. Bertrand, 
W. D. C. Hall 
Ervin P Puttam 
Marvil M'Farlin 
David Tally, 
John Woodruff, 
A. Harris, 
Wm. Barret 
Wm. T. Austin, 
John W. Hall, 
John Lorton, 
Saml. Fuller, 
Edwin Waller, 
Saml. Chance, 
J. T. Tinsley, 
John Campbell, 
David M. McCormic, 
G. W. Lanis, 



100 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 



Wm. M'master, 
Ira Jones, 
Wm. A. Hesskew, 
Alexander Russell, 
C. Stringfellow 
John Gordon. 
John W. Moore, 
M. J. M'Gee, 
A. Applewhite, 
M. Hill, 

Thos. J. Dasher, 
C. Denman, 
John Hodge 
A. E. Hodge, 
R. Clokey, 
George Byrne, 
James Jones. 
George Daniel, 
Thos. W. Grayson, 
Joseph A. Duponge 
James Crunk 
James Peehouse, 
A. G. M'Neel, 



Charles Billings 
John Nelson, 
John Creton, 
Ariel Sheldon, 
F. J. Haskins, 
J. W. Wade, 
Nathaniel Kimball 
Harvy N. Litle, 
S. Churchill, 
Edward Hufty 5 
John W. Litle, 
Erastus Litle, 
Eli Nowlan, 
Thomas Robinson, 
Thomas F. McKinney, 
Wm. H. Jack 
Wesley W. Pace, 
S. E. Prather, 
Wm. H. Scott, 
David H. Scott, 
John Elkins, 
Rufus Wright 
George M. Paine, 



W. J. Cannon, 
S. Dinsmore, 
Henry Smith, 
Gowin Harris, 
D. T. Fitchett, 

A. Sheppard, 
John Duncan, 
John D. Newell, 
Thos. Jameson, 
John Gates. 

W. S. Hall, 
Francis Bingham, 
Jabez B. Capell 
Stephen Oalsmaker, 
J. G. Webb, 
John James, 
Pleasant Bull, 
Solomon Caraway, 
James Harper, 
Robert H. Williams, 

B. B. Waller, 
James Collinsworth. 



Resolutions of Nacogdoches 



[Nacogdoches, August 15, 1835. At Teal"s tavern. James Bradshaw 
elected chairman and William G. Logan, secretary. Address by "Mr. 
Whitaker." Solomon R. Peck offered resolutions, discussing rights of man 
and contract theory of government. Grievances against Mexico. James 
Bradshaw, Sam T. [sic] Houston, T. J. Rusk, Richard Sparks appointed 
to treat with Indian tribes in Texas "according to promises made to them 
by the Mexican government." Houston and Rusk discussed the resolutions, 
and they were then adopted unanimously. Rusk presented resolutions 
against T. M. Thompson, Commander of the Mexican war schooner Correo. 
Resolution by Houston to request Ayuntamiento of San Felipe to call 
convention.] 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 101 

Austin in Acccount with Hotchkiss & Co. 

New Orleans, 19 August 1835 
Mr. S F Austin 

BOUGHT OF HOTCHKISS & CO. 

Booksellers and Stationers, 

24 Chartres Street. 

1 Walpoles Letters 2.00 

1 Letters from Constantinople 2.00 

1 Vol Scott 2.00 

Sismondis Fall Roman Empire 2.50 

1 Voyage of the Potomac 4.00 

1 Pelham . 1.25 

1 Penny Magazine 2.50 

1 Casket 2.50 

Irving's Conquest of Grenada 2.50 

1 Cabinet Library - .75 

1 Johnsons Dictionary .75 

1 Memo Book ! .38 

I Young mans Own Book .75 

1 Macintosh Revolution 3.00 



27.00 
McKenna [McKinney and] Williams a/c 

Austin to Mrs. Mary Austin Holley 1 

New Orleans, August 21, 1835. 
My Dear Cousin, 

I am, as you will see by my date, once more in the land of my birth, and 
of freedom — a word I can well appreciate. I shall leave here in a day 
or two for Texas. I wished to have taken a trip up the river, and thence 
to the north but shall have to defer it until spring. I have been so long 
absent from home, that my affairs there are behind hand, and require my 
attention. 

The situation of Texas is daily becoming more and more interesting, so 
much so, that I doubt whether the Government of the United States, or that 
of Mexico, can much longer look on with indifference, or inaction. It is 
very evident that the best interests of the United States require that Texas 
should be effectually, and fully, Americanized — that is — settled by a popu- 
lation that will harmonize with their neighbors on the East, in language, 
political principles, common origin, sympathy, and even interest. Texas 

x Copy by Mrs. Holley. 



102 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

must be a slave country. It is no longer a matter of doubt. The interest 
of Louisiana requires that it should be, a population of fanatical aboli- 
tionists in Texas would have a very pernicious and dangerous influence on 
the overgrown slave population of that state. Texas must, and ought to 
become an out work on the west, as Alabama and Florida are on the East, 
to defend the key of the western world — the mouths of the Mississippi. 
Being fully Americanized under the Mexican flag, would be the same thing 
in effect, and ultimate result, as coming under the United States Flag. A 
gentle breeze shakes off a ripe peach. Can it be supposed that the violent 
political convulsions of Mexico will not shake off Texas so soon as it is 
ripe enough to fall All that is now wanting is a great immigration of 
good and efficient families, this fall and winter. Should we get such an 
emigration, especially from the western states — all is done — the peach 
will be ripe. Under this view: and it is a correct one, every man of influ- 
ence in the western States, who has the true interests of his country at heart, 
ought to use every possible exertion to induce such an immigration. They 
can get lands; now is the accepted time, and none too soon. The door 
is still open for them to come in legally. The government of Mexico can 
not complain — it has invited immigration. 

Gen: Sant[a] Anna told me he should visit Texas next month — as a friend. 
His visit is uncertain — his friendship much more so. We must rely on our- 
selves, and prepare for the worst. A large immigration will prepare us, 
give us strength, resources, everything. I do not know what may be the 
state of public feeling in Texas, but presume they mean to avoid all collision 
with Mexico if possible to do so, and be also ready to repel attacks should 
they come. This is my opinion. A great immigration from Kentucky, 
Tennessee etc, each man with his rifle or musket, would be of great use 
to us — very great indeed. If they go by sea, they must take passport from 
the Mexican Consul, comply with all the requisites of the law, and get 
legally into the country, so long as the door is legally open. Should it be 
closed it will then be time enough to force it open — if necessary. Prudence, 
and an observance of appearances must therefore be strictly attended to 
for the present. Here, I figure to myself, you start, and exclaim, "Dios 
mio; my cousin Stephen has become a very Mexican politician in hypoc- 
risy." not so; there is no hypocrisy about it. It is well known that my 
object has always been to fill up Texas with a north American population; 
and, besides, it may become a question of to be, or not to be. And in that 
event, the great law of nature — self preservation — operates, and supersedes 
all other laws. 

The cause of philanthrophy and liberty, also, will be promoted by 
Americanizing Texas. I am morally right, therefore, to do so by all pos- 
sible, honorable, means. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 103 

In all countries, one way or another, a few men rule society. If those 
few were convinced of the great benefits that would result to the western 
world by Americanizing Texas, they would exert their influence to promote 
that object, and in so doing use such arguments as would best effect it, 
without letting anything transpire in the public prints to alarm the Mexican 
Government, or place that of the United States in the awkward necessity 
of taking any steps, as a friend of Mexico, under the treaty etc. 

If there was any way of getting at it, I should like to know what the wise 
men of the United States think the people of Texas ought to do. The 
fact is, we must, and ought to become a part of the United States. Money 
should be no consideration. The political importance of Texas to the 
great Western world, from the influence it may one day have on Louisiana, 
is so great, that it can not fail to have due weight on all reflecting men, 
and on Gen Jackson and the Senate, in particular. The more the American 
population of Texas is increased, the more readily will the Mexican Gov- 
ernment give it up, also, the more the people of Texas seem to oppose a 
separation from Mexico, the less tenacious will they be to hold it. This 
seems paradoxical, but will cease to appear so when you consider that 
strange compound the Mexican character. If Texas insisted on separating, 
and it should be given up in consequence, it would appear as if they 
yielded to force, or fear, and their national pride would be roused. They 
are a strange people, and must be studied to be managed. They have high 
ideas of National dignity should it be openly attacked, but will sacrifice 
national dignity, and national interest too if it can be done in a still way, 
or so as not to arrest public attention. "Dios Castiga el escandolo mas 
que el crimen," (God punishes the exposure more than the crime) is their 
motto. This maxim influences their morals and their politics. I learned 
it when I was there in 1822, and I now believe that if I had not always 
kept it in view, and known the power which appearances have on them, even 
when they know they are deceived, I should never have succeeded, to the 
extent I have done in Americanizing Texas. 

To conclude — I wish a great immigration this fall and winter from 
Kentucky, Tennessee, every where, passports, or no passports, any how. 
For fourteen years I have had a hard time of it, but nothing shall daunt 
my courage or abate my exertions to complete the main object of my 
labors — to Americanize Texas. This fall, and winter, will fix our fate — a 
great immigration will settle the question. 

S F Austin. 



104 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Austin to H. Meigs 

[From the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

New Orleans Aug 1 - 22, 1835 
H. Meigs Esq r - 
Dr. Sir. 

This will be handed to you by my friend Mr. Samuel M. Williams. 

Mr. W. has been with me in Texas since 1823. he was the secretary who 
has done most of the business in my colonizing operations, and is well 
acquainted with my affairs, and with the situation of things in Texas, as 
he has recently left there — He goes to the north on business of his own, 
but at the same time will contribute anything in his power for the gen 1 - 
good of that country, and will take charge of any communications you 
may wish to send to me 

I solicit for him your friendly attention, and an introduction to your 
brother in law [John Forsyth]. Texas is improving very fast, and there 
is every prospect of a great emigration from the Western and Southern 
States this fall and winter — I hope my native state "Old Virginia" will 
also contribute some of her sons — The N. York land companies will of 
course not be idle so that I hope there will be a very great increase of 
population this fall and winter. 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr. H. Meigs introducing Mr. S. M. Williams — H- 
Meigs Esq r New York Mr S. M. Williams 

Austin to Samuel M. Williams 

[From the Williams Papers. Rosenberg Library, Galveston, Texas.] 

New Orleans Aug 1 - 22 d 1835 
Since you left I have heard, by way of Natchitoches, that matters are 
getting on pritty well, in our country, considerable excitement tho. not 
more than might be reasonably expected under the circumstances of the 
times — Everything depends on a great emigration this fall and winter — 
remember this — The New York folks have much at stake, and ought to 
exert themselves to send out families without delay — their best plan is to 
send an agent, or to operate by means of influential men in the Western 
Country — The plan of sending out irish or german redemtioners is a 
bad one — it will not do — you know the kind of settlers needed in 
Texas — We need efficient and active and intelligent men who will take 
character and means to the country — Much, and perhaps all, may depend 
on the emigration this fall and winter — 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 105 

I wish to take a large interest in the bank, as I told you — This we will 
arrange when you return — Keep in view that that measure cannot succeed 
well unless many of the farmers etc in Texas are interested — Do not 
fail to call on Mr. Learning, and my friends in N. York, and be very 
prudent as to everything. The vessel goes tomorrow — remember me to 
White 

S. F. A. 

I was told confidentially to day that a letter had been written to Texas 
from here (I know not by whom but guess) stating that I was a blind 
agent of Santana's etc. The object of certain persons, as you know, is to 
try and make tools of the people of Texas to build up themselves — Texas 
ought to act on the defensive and not be the tools of either of the political 
parties of Mexico — She has just as much to expect from one party, as 
from the other, and no more from one than from the other — She must 
rely upon herself, and to do so, she needs strength — emigration gives us 
strength and everything. 

S. F. A 

[Addressed:] Mr. S. M. Williams Mobile Mr. Hodge 

D. C. Barrett to Citizens of Mina 

August 23 1835 
To the Citizens of Mina 

When at the call of the Political Chief, by and with the advice of his 
counsel, then in session, I submitted to undertake a hazardous Mission in 
behalf of my adopted Country. I did not give a full consent, until I had 
consulted your "Committee of Safety" and obtained their approbation. 1 . . . 

I wish now to give you a brief account of the occurrences connected with 
my public duties since the letters of Mr. Gritten and myself by Messrs. 
Drown and Turner. 

The United States Government [of Mexico] have through their officers 
at Matamoras and this place, fully recognized the objects of the Mission, 
and the public character of your agents. 

Aug 1 - 25 1835. 

I have just heard from Mr. Gritten by express, he is at Goliad, where 
he expected to have met me, on this day, several late communications 

1 Barrett with Gritten had undertaken a mission to General Cos at Matamoras to 
try to convince him that the Texans were peaceably inclined. They were stopped at 
San Antonio by Colonel Ugartechea, who declared that Cos would not listen to them 
until the colonists surrendered the leaders of the war party. During Barrett's absence 
from Bastrop on this mission the alcalde granted an attachment against some of his 
property to satisfy a judgment of $100. Several pages of protest by Barrett are 
omitted. 



106 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

from the supreme Government, through Gen 1 - Cos, demanding certain per- 
sons, in Texas, especially Mr Zavalla, of Mexico, whose surrender, or posi- 
tive evidence, of his not being in Texas, is made a "sine que non" to all 
further negotiations, and I regret to say, that the next upon the list de- 
manded is W . B. Travis Esq, the next in order are Robt M Williamson 
and Mosely Baker Esq s - together with the individuals concerned in "abusing" 
the Government Messengers, and "Violating" their dispatches the next 
in order demanded, is S M Williams Esq. and Judge Johnson, All the 
North Americans above named, were first demanded by the Comdt here 
in a letter sent here from "San Felepe", signed J H. C Miller urging the 
prompt demand of these individuals, Co. U [Ugartechea] in consequence 
of such pressing advice, anticipated the order which should have originated 
from Gen 1 Cos, to Col U promptly communicated this act to Gen 1 - Cos, 
asking his approbation which he as promptly received. The worst features 
in this, to me painful state of things, have arisen since Mr. Gritten left here, 
especially the "sine qua non' or condition precedent to all pacific negotia- 
tions, between Texas and the United States, also the positive order from 
the Supreme Government to Col U, on non compliance, forthwith to march 
with all his cavalry, into Texas, and in this way execute the order himself, 
a reply to this demand is hourly expected, by express, from San Felipe, 
I have therefore, with the advice of our American friends here, in which 
Col. U. decidedly concured. concluded to send for my colleague Mr. Gritten, 
without whose knowledge and assistance I cannot advance, a step further. 
Copies of all the correspondance of your commissioners, have been and 
will be, faithfully preserved. This will prove that in all our negotiations 
for Texas, we have been governed by prudence and an unchangeable regard 
for the honor and justice of her citizens. Upon this subject, our last letter, 
the knowledge of Mr. Drown Mr. Turner and Mr- Pease will fully satisfy 
you. I will here add, that I am firmly of opinion, that if the mission be 
persevered in Texas will receive a speedy modification of the tariff, and 
a new Post Office organization, in this opinion I am sustained, by the 
most respectable and intelligent people here. I should now return to Mina 
but for the strong advice of our American friends here, not to do so at 
present. 

Judge Hood and Mr. Milton have been with me, for a number of days, 
and will be able to give you many interesting details. I have received much 
support from the Judge in all matters of public concernment. 

Again the want of commissioners for making titles for lands, to unpro- 
vided colonists is severely felt. The law passed upon this subject last 
spring, has made the most ample and liberal provision in these cases. No 
commissioner has ever been appointed under this law. I have procured 
copies of this and several laws unknown in our municipality yet very im- 
portant to colonists and land holders. These laws among other provisions, 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 107 

provide for the appointment of a commissioner in each department of Texas. 
The present Governor will appoint them on application from Ayuntamien- 
tos, through the Political chief, or your commissioners, of this I have 
ample assurances. Who would be suitable men for these officers? I will 
venture to suggest my own opinion, of two unexceptionable men, well quali- 
fied, unconnected with Texas parties, Mr. Padilla well known as a repub- 
lican and an honorable man. The other my friend and colleague Edward 
Gritten Esq. whose good report among you, too recent, to require any 
remark from me. These gentlemen are both intimate friends of the acting 
Governor, who will only wish to know that they will be approved of in 
Texas, when he will promptly appoint them, for the two departments, I 
am but one in the matter, shall therefore leave the subject to the People. 
It may be proper to add, that Mr. Padilla I have consulted, Mr. Gritten 
I have not. Mr. Padilla is too honest to be rich, and too poor to support 
himself and family, without some productive employment, — and as he 
wishes some pretext to take himself and family to Texas forever, he will if 
the people approve gladly accept the office. He desires his best respects 
to the people of Mina generally, and especially his gratitude to Capt. Sims 
and Capt. Moore for past acts of friendship. I am happy to be sustained 
in my opinion by the highest legal authorities in the country, that the 
law intending to affect the contracts of Robinson or Williamson, in the 
settlemant of their colonies, is ineffectual in its operation For the sake 
of my good old friend Col Chambers I rejoice that I am able to give this 
statement. . . . 

D C Barrett [Rubric] 
San Antonio 28 th 1835. 

P. s. 

It is said that a plan for the consti[tu]tion of a central Government has 
been got up, and is now debating. Should any thing certain be made 
known, you will be apprised of it as speedily as possible 

John Dix to James F. Perry 
[Coles's Settlement, August 28, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Horatio Allsberry to the Public 

To the People of Texas. 

Arriving this day from Monterray the capitol of the state of of New 
Leon, which place I left on the 10 th inst. and being requested by the 
Chairman of the Committee of Safety and Correspondence for the juris- 
diction of Columbia, to detail the information which I possess in regard to 
the designs of the Mexican Government towards the people of Texas, 
I make the following communication, for the truth of which I stake my 
reputation, and appeal to time to establish every fact herein stated: I left 



108 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

the state of New Leon on the 10 th of this month with a request from our 
republican friends to say to the citizens of Texas that our only hopes of 
future liberty and security depended upon our immediately taking steps 
to oppose the military in their establishing a Central Government or an 
arbitrary despotism which is without doubt their intention. 

I have been for the last few years a close observer of their movements 
respecting Texas. I have frequently conversed with their principal men, 
Civil, Military and Ecclesiastical. 

I may say almost daily for years, and particularly since the downfall of 
Zaccatecas, about their intention toward Texas, and I can assure you that 
this is their intention; first, to move large numbers of troops, at least 
thousands to Texas, for the purpose of being at hand when the change of 
Government takes place, which change is intended for next month; 2 d - 
to establish their posts or Custom houses; 3 d - Using their own language 
to burn the houses and drive from the country a number of our principal 
citizens which they have, and have had on a list for a year past, principally 
those that were engaged with the soldiers three years since; 4 th - put their 
slaves free and let them loose upon their families, as they express them- 
selves; and 5 th - call up the empresarios and demand of them their colonizing 
contracts with the Government, and say to them you are here authorised 
to settle so many hundred families, instead of which you have settled 
thousands of families. — I replied to them that there had been decrees of 
Government permitting emigration of foreigners and the sale of lands 
to which they say that these decrees emanated alone from the government 
from or through the intrigue of Empresarios or the all powerful influence 
of a few doubloons; and that these lands must be given up for their own 
natives. 

I have seen Gentlemen from different parts of the Government, respons- 

able Gentlemen, all foreigners who passed troops on every road Marching 

for Texas; one Gentleman from Mexico told me that the complaints from 

different sections of the Country to Foreign Ministers have lately been so 

loud and numerous, together with a late attempt to rob the foreigners — 

and some insults given to a British armed vessel off Vera Cruz, by the 

officers of the Castle would, as he was told by the English Minister Mister 

Packingham bring down a declaration of war upon them by the British 

Government. These facts with the outrageous conduct of the Commandant 

now at San Antonio (Col. Condey) calls loudly for immediate steps to 

be taken for our preservation. These facts are stated by request and for 

the benefit of the people of Texas. I pledge my life and honor that these 

Statements are correct. 

Horatio A. Alsberry. 
Columbia, August 28 th - 1835. 1 

Published as a handbill. 



. 



the austin papers 109 

Domingo de Ugartechea to Alcalde of Columbia 
[Bexar, August 29, 1835. See Calendar.] 

John R. Jones, Jr., to Moses Austin Bryan(?) 

San Felipe Sept 1 st 1835 
Dear Friend 

I received yours dated the 14 th of August 1835 I have been wating 
with a great deal of patience, to hear from you. I had given it out, from 
ever hearing from you again but to my great surpise, I received a letter 
from you, I have been as I concieved it negligent, for not writing you 
sooner but I beg to be excused, I have been busy doing some little 
business for the political chief and attending to other affairs that it was 
almost impossible for me to write you, I am in great hopes you will be 
more regular in writing to me, than you have been heretofore, and I will 
do the same, our village has been and is yet in such a state of confusion, 
that I scarcely once thought of you a few of the individuals of Columbia 
have come to this place and held their meeting. It was termed by several 
in fact numbers that it was a Columbia meeting, and not a San Felipe 
meeting there were some three or four that attended it, the rest stood 
off and gazed on but said nothing. the principal part of the people of San 
Felipe are opposed to a convention or any thing resembling it after the 
meeting was adjourned there were some 10 or 12 perhaps more talking 
about politicks, and amongst the rest Wharton spoke very precipitate about 
Capt Bird although they were perfect strangers to each other, our Capt 
heard him then there were some words passed and Bird went immediately 
and got his rifle, and came back, and wated for a chance to single him 
from the rest to kill him, but was prevented by some of his friends. Bird 
told him he had him in his power and could use him up if he saw proper. 
I was informed by several that was present and saw it. give my respects 
to the family Mother sends her compliments to the family and is very 
sorry to inform them that she is very ill and also Milam 

John R Jones jr [Rubric] 

News has arrived a few days since that there were 6 hundred troops at 
San Antonio 

I send you a copy of the resolutions that were passed at the Town of 
San Felipe held on the 27 th of Aug 1835 

At a meeting of the citizens of the town of San Felipe de Austin held 
on the 26 th Inst at the tavern of Johnson and Winburn, Judge Geo Ewing 
was called to the chair, and Spencer H Jack elected Secretary. 

After expressing the object of the meeting Patrick C Jack submitted to 
the following resolutions were adopted. 



110 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Resolved That in all republican countries the voices of the majority 
should prevail. 

Resolved That Texas is now in a state of anarchy and that nothing but 
a consultation of the people of Texas at large, can restore quiet and con- 
certed action and we therefore recommend a consultation. 

Resolved That we heartily approve of and adopt the resolutions and 
proceedings of the Jurisdiction of Columbia. 

Resolved That we solicit and respectfully invite the citizens generally 
of this Jurisdiction to meet at this place on the 12 th of Sept to express their 
opinions upon the subject embraced in the foregoing resolutions. 

Resolved That the chairman nominate five Gentlemen as a committee 
to notify the citizens of the whole Jurisdiction of Austin of the meeting 
to be held on the 12 th of the present month in pursuance of the foregoing 
resolutions. 

Whereupon Messrs John H Money, H. C Hudson, Patrick C. Jack, Wm 0. 
Huff, and John B. Johnson [were appointed] 

Geo Ewing chairman 

Spencer H Jack secretary 

I will also give you a copy of Cos communication in which you will see 
it on the other side. 1 

J. Antonio Padilla to Barrett and Gritten 

Habiendome consultado en una conferencia privada los SS. D. C. Barrett 
y Eduardo Gritten comisionados del pueblo de Texas, a cerca de la conducta 
que deberia observar el mismo pueblo de Texas, en las presentes circum- 
stancias, mi opinion fue de la manera siguiente. 

Que en virtud de las garantias que ofrece a los Texanos el Supremo 
gobierno general en la comunicacion oficial de 3 de Agosto ultimo expedida 
por el secretario de Guerra y Marina, y circulada por el Comandante 
General de estos Estados internos de Oriente en 18 del mismo mes, los 
texanos deben permanecer tranquilos como hasta aqui, pero como se estan 
acantonando tropas de infanteria y caballeria en Bexar por disposicion 
del mismo Supremo gobierno general, no con el fin exclusiva exterminar 
los tribus de indios barbaros, no con otro objeto conocido, "la prudencia 
aconseja a los Texanos estar prevenidos" para resistir cualquiera invasion 
que pretenda hacer en el pais la tirania militar para destruir la Libertad, 
como lo hizo en Zacatecas el 12 de Mayo del presente afio, y como lo 
executo tambien el 4 de Junio aprisionando la persona del Gobernador 
constitucional del Estado D. Agustin Viesca y su comitiva, porque en 

1 Cos to political chief of the department of the Brazos, Matomoros, August 9, 1835, 
is omitted. It acnowledged a letter from the political chief dated July 2, and 
repeated the order for the arrest of Zavala. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 111 

cumplimiento de un acta del Congreso habia salido de la Capital acia 
Texas. 

Que en vista de la acefalia en que ahora se encuentra el Estado de 
Coahuila y Texas por la deposicion del Sr. Miguel I de Leon que fun- 
cionaba de Gobernador interino conforme a una acta de la Diputacion 
permanente; la cual deposicion se verifico por una orden de la coman- 
dancia general, "el pueblo de Texas esta en el caso, sin infringir ley alguna, 
de solicitar la existencia de un gobierno lexitimo a donde occurrir en sus 
necessidades," 6 procurarselo de la manera mas adaptable a sus exigencias, 
indole, y circumstancias, para no berse embuelto en la confusion y desor- 
den que produce la acefalia, 6 sugeto a las leyes militares por el poder 
de las bayonetas. 

Tambien es mi opinion que uno de los comisionados marche a las 
colonias a dar cuenta de lo que ha practicado a comision en favor de la 
causa de Texas, y que el otro quede en esta a la vista de las operaciones 
de la fuerza que aqui existe. 

Este es el modo de pensar de un republicano libre, amigo, de la Libertad, 
y de Texas, por cuya prosperidad sacrificara su debil vida. 

[J. Antonio Padilla] [Rubric] 

Bexar Setiembre 2 de 1835. 

A los Sres comisionados del Pueblo de Texas. 

Colonel Ugartechea to Political Chief of Department of Brazos 

Command a Principal 
de Coah a - y Texas 

No haviendo una Autoridad competente por la acefalia del Estado q. 
pueda Facultar a ninguna persona ni comicionarla p a el reparto de 
terrenos en ese Departam to dispondra V. S. q. los que con este caracter 
esten repartiendo dichos terrenos suspendan estos procedimientos hasta la 
nueba resolucion del Sup mo govierno General, en la intelig a de que la 
propiedad y posecion de los terrenos adquiridos despues de la acefalia del 
Estado no se devera considerar legal ni de justo titulo hasta q. acreditado 
suficientem te la autoridad de cuya orn fueron repartidos el mismo Supremo 
Govierno resolvera si deven 6 no continuar con ellos sirbiendo a V. S. 
de govierno q. la responsabilidad de no proceder del modo expuesto 
gravitara sobre la de esa Gefatura y a quien se le hara efectiva por quien 
corresponde. 

Dios y Livertad. Bejar 3, de Sept e de 1835. 

Domingo de Ugartechea [Rubricsi] 

[Addressed:] Sefior Gefe Politico del Departam de los Brasos. 

John R. Jones, Jr., to M. A. Bryan 

[San Felipe, September 3, 1835. See C a lendar.] 



112 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Benjamin F. Smith to Austin 

Dear Sir, 

The citizens of this town and its vicinity desirous of, Expressing to you 
their approbation of your public services and their respect for your private 
virtues have selected us to invite you to partake with them, a dinner on 
Tuesday the 8 inst, at, Messrs Fitchett and Gill, in this town — 

We here avail ourselves of this opportunity to offer our hearty con- 
gratulations, on your safe return among us 
Brazoria Sept. 4 th 1835 

Benj. F. Smith 
Edm d Andrews 
John Wurts Cloud 
Rob t J. Calder 
Col. Stephen F. Austin — 

[Addressed:] Col. S. F. Austin Present — 

Wyly Martin et al. to Austin 

San Felipe Sept. 5 th - 1835 
Sir, 

A meeting of the people of this place, with a number of very respectable 
citizens of the surrounding country, was called this day, to adopt the most 
appropriate measures for welcoming you to your adopted country and to 
the bosom of your friends and country for this purpose, the undersigned, 
a committee appointed by the meeting to carry their wishes into effect; 
have dispatched Mr. J Borden one of their body to wait upon you, and 
request you to have the goodness to inform them, at what time it will suit 
your convenience, to meet them at Capt Aliens, to the end that they may 
have the honor of accompanying you into the town of San Felipe, where 
you will meet many of your long established friends, all prepared to receive 
you with open arms and with acclamations of Joy. 

We tender to you our respect and most exalted consideration. 

Wyly Martin 
J. H. Money 
A. W. Ewing 
Geo. Ewing 
Joshua Fletcher 
Thos. Gay 
John P Borden 
Col. S. F. Austin 



the austin papers 113 

[note] 

The sentiment of congratulation expressed by the committee appointed 
by the citizens of the municipality of Austin was responded to by all the 
people of whatever party throughout the country. This meeting as well 
as those held at Brazoria, Columbia and other places, can but faintly 
express at this day, the feelings of Joy and pleasure on the return of Austin. 
They looked upon the event as one which would settle all their doubts as 
to what should be done, and as one which would, as it proved, unite all 
parties of which the committee was composed. 

Peach Point 6 th Feb^ 1844 

G. Borden, Jr 

[note] 

As evidence of the feeling which prevailed, we need only have recourse 
to the many congratulatory letters written to him from all parts of the 
country from the best and most distinguished citizens. Even his enemies 
and some who had threatened in his absence to brand him with infamy 
were constrained to greet him as the only physician that could correct the 
disorganized system and restore a healthy action to the body corporate. 

The entire confidence which all parties had in Austin's superior knowl- 
edge in whatever related to the country, his zeal and untiring perseverance 
to promote its interest, and his integrity and virtue were sufficient reasons for 
the influence which his return was calculated to produce upon the com- 
munity. The question may have occurred to those unacquainted with the 
peculiar situation of the country at that time, Why was not Austin placed 
at the head of the provisional government? Because the disorganized and 
unsettled condition of the country required his action in another sphere. 
His extensive correspondence and presence among the people exerted a far 
greater influence than he could have done at the head of a government little 
more than nominal. This may be inferred from the earnest and general 
solicitation of the people that he should take command of the first army. 
They said "his presence in the field will inspire a confidence in the hazard- 
ous enterprize." 

Again when it was thought necessary to send commissioners to the United 
States, who but Austin could better head the mission which was intended 
to lay before that people the true grounds of the contest, and thereby, 
interest them in our favor? It is unnecessary to speak of the importance 
of this mission. Twenty-five or Thirty thousand people without any prep- 
arations for war without resources contending against Eight millions. 
If a Frankland [Franklin] was called upon to interest the European nations 
in behalf of the thirteen colonies, who in Texas more suitable than Austin 



114 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

to be entrusted with the important mission. The administration of govern- 
ment could be intrusted to others. But it must not be supposed that Austin 
withheld his aid in directing the Executive and legislative operations of the 
country: His opinions were asked for and sought by those departments, 
and the numerous communications made by him to the provisional govern- 
ment on every subject touching the welfare of the country prove how much 
the administration of affairs was indebted to his experience judgement 
and skill. 

Those acquainted with the condition of the country at the time, knew 
and appreciated the influence which he exerted as Secretary of State under 
the first organization under the constitution, and which office he accepted 
at the earnest solicitation of men who were convinced of his preeminent 
abilities in negociating a connection with the United States which was so 
much desired at the time. It should be remarked that the friends of Texas 
looked upon Austin as the man best qualified to bring about the annexation 
to the United States, a measure to which he lent all his energies and which 
was the occasion of his death. 

G. Borden, Jr. 

Peach Point 7 th Feb* 1844 

F. W. Johnson to Austin 

San felipe de Austin 5 !h Sept. 1835 
Col. S. F. Austin, 
Dr Sir, 

It is with feelings inexpressible that I write you this, Your return has 
been long wished for, but little expected at this time, but the God of Nature 
seems to have arranged all things better than even men could have desired — 
Your coming would always have been hailed by the people as the coming 
of a father, but your coming at this time is doubly dear to the people of 
all Texas — Never was there a time in the events of Texas that so much 
required the joint action of the people as the present — Union of senti- 
ment and action is the one thing alone can save the country from the im- 
pending danger that now hangs over our heads — Unfortunately for 
Texas at this time as on former occasions the people have been governed 
by sectional feeling, they mistake an imaginary for real interest, but I am 
proud to say that this interest or feeling only exists in the municipality of 
Austin. 

I have but a few days since returned to this place from a tour through 
the department of Nacogdoches where the people are united and determined 
to sustain their constitutional rights against the usurpations attemped by 
Santa Anna and his party — Meetings have been held at Liberty San 
Augustine and Nacogdoches, at all of which places they have resolved that 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 115 

a convention of all Texas by means of representatives were necessary to 
the security and harmony of the country — Washington, Matagorda, San 
Jacinto, Lavaca and other places of this department have sent in their 
resolutions in favor of a convention and indeed there is no opposition except 
in this jurisdiction and that I look upon to be of but little consequence 
other than the injury that it may do abroad, it can have no influence in 
any part of Texas, for were I disposed to enter into matters personal I 
could satisfy any rational man that it has been of service rather than injury, 
but at a time like this none should indulge in personal feeling, but on 
the contrary use every means to unite and harmonize — Our interest is a 
joint and common one and should be so regarded — The question as 
regards the call of a convention is settled, and all former opposition has 
given way except in this place and but for this and the necessity of union 
of sentiment and action I would not make the call upon you that I feel 
bound under existing circumstances — I know your policy in such cases 
and I acknowledge the propriety of it, therefore I must request you to 
attend a called meeting of this jurisdiction on the 12 th - inst. You are aware 
of the influence your presence will have, not that it is important to the cause 
in any other way than that I have before mentioned of reconciling and 
allaying the personal feeling that now exists, and I report again that it 
should be the object of all to throw in their mite to effect this great 
purpose. — 

We shall have a meeting of the Ayuntamiento on Monday next and . . . 
that body a call for a convention the meeting will probably be adjourned 
to the 12 th at which time I hope to have the pleasure of once more seeing 
you in the first american town in Texas. 

F. W. Johnson [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Col. S. F. Austin Mouth of Brazos Texas 

[note] 

At the time it was known at San Felipe that Austin had arrived on our 
shores, both the war and peace party hailed the event as one which would 
unite the people and produce one course of action whatever that might be — 
They said "if Col Austin is for peace, we are for peace, if he is for war we 
are for War' 

6 th Feb* 1844. 

G. Borden. 

Welcome to Austin 

[September 8, 1835] 
Col. Austin, Sir: I never saw you, or you me; but I have been ac- 
quainted with your character for twelve years past. I take the liberty, 



116 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

although unauthorized, in the name of the Labacca and Navidad Precinct, 
to welcome you once more to the soil, which, through your instrumentality 
you have procured for thousands of families, who otherwise could never 
have possessed a foot. To do this you have poineered an uninhabited 
country, suffering every privation; and when hope cast its dawning gleams 
upon the object of your labours and your cares, you have been made to 
suffer the cruelties of the envious and unrelenting Spaniard. You have 
raised a monument as imperishable as time; — and babes yet unborn will 
lisp the name of Austin 

Austin to the People of Texas 1 

speech of colonel austin 

Delivered on the 8 th of September, 1835, at a public dinner in Brazoria, 
given in honor of his return to Texas. 

I cannot refrain from returning my unfeigned thanks for the flattering 
sentiments with which I have just been honored, nor have I words to express 
my satisfaction on returning to this my more than native country, and 
meeting so many of my friends and companions in its settlement. 

I left Texas in April, 1833, as the public agent of the people, for the 
purpose of applying for the admission of this country into the Mexican 
confederation as a state separate from Coahuila. This application was 
based upon the constitutional and vested rights of Texas, and was sustained 
by me in the city of Mexico to the utmost of my abilities. No honorable 
means were spared to effect the objects of my mission and to oppose the 
forming of Texas into a territory, which was attempted. I rigidly adhered 
to the instructions and wishes of my constituents, so far as they were com- 
municated to me. My efforts to serve Texas involved me in the labyrinth 
of Mexican politics. I was arrested, and have suffered a long persecution 
and imprisonment. I consider it my duty to give an account of these events 
to my constituents, and will therefore at this time merely observe that 
I have never, in any manner, agreed to any thing, or admitted any thing, 
that would compromise the constitutional or vested rights of Texas. These 
rights belong to the people, and can only be surrendered by them. 

I fully hoped to have found Texas at peace and in tranquility, but regret 
to find it in commotion; all disorganized, all in anarchy, and threatened 
with immediate hostilities. This state of things is deeply to be lamented; 
it is a great misfortune, but it is one which has not been produced by any 
acts of the people of this country: on the contrary, it is the natural and 

1 From a clipping of the Telegraph and Texas Register. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 117 

inevitable consequence of the revolution that has spread all over Mexico, 
and of the imprudent and impolitic measures of both the general and state 
governments, with respect to Texas. The people here are not to blame, and 
cannot be justly censured. They are farmers, cultivators of the soil, and 
are pacific from interest, from occupation, and from inclination. They 
have uniformly endeavored to sustain the constitution and the public peace 
by pacific means, and have never deviated from their duty as Mexican citi- 
zens. If any acts of imprudence have been committed by individuals, they 
evidently resulted from the revolutionary state of the whole nation, the 
imprudent and censurable conduct of the state authorities, and the total 
want of a local government in Texas. It is, indeed, a source of surprise and 
creditable congratulation, that so few acts of this description have occurred 
under the peculiar circumstances of the times. It is, however, to be re- 
membered that acts of this nature were not the acts of the people, nor is 
Texas responsible for them. They were, as I before observed, the natural 
consequences of the revolutionary state of the Mexican nation; and Texas 
certainly did not originate the revolution, neither have the people, as a 
people, participated in it. The consciences and hands of the Texians are 
free from censure, and clean. 

The revolution in Mexico is drawing to a close. The object is to change 
the form of government, destroy the federal constitution of 1824, and 
establish a central or consolidated government. The states are to be con- 
verted into provinces. 

Whether the people of Texas ought or ought not to agree to this change, 
and relinquish all or a part of their constitutional and vested rights under 
the constitution of 1824, is a question of the most vital importance; one 
that calls for the deliberate consideration of the people, and can only be 
decided by them, fairly convened for the purpose. As a citizen of Texas 
I have no other right, and pretend to no other. In the report which I 
consider it my duty to make to my constituents, I intend to give my views 
on the present situation of the country, and especially as to the constitu- 
tional and natural rights of Texas, and will, therefore, at this time, merely 
touch this subject. 

Under the Spanish government, Texas was a separate and distinct local 
organization. It was one of the unities that composed the general mass of 
the nation, and as such participated in the war of the revolution, and 
was represented in the constituent congress of Mexico, that formed the 
constitution of 1824. This constituent congress, so far from destroying 
this unity, expressly recognized and confirmed it by the law of May 7 th * 
1824, which united Texas with Coahuila provisionally, under the especial 
guarantee of being made a state of the Mexican confederation, as soon as 
it possessed the necessary elements. That law and the federal constitution 
gave to Texas a specific political existence, and vested in its inhabitants 



118 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

special and defined rights, which can only be relinquished by the people 
of Texas, acting for themselves as a unity, and not as a part of Coahuila, 
for the reason that the union with Coahuila, was limited, and only gave 
power to the state of Coahuila and Texas to govern Texas for the time 
being, but always subject to the vested rights of Texas. The state, there- 
fore, cannot relinquish those vested rights, by agreeing to the change of 
government, or by any other act, unless expressly authorized by the people 
of Texas to do so; neither can the general government of Mexico legally 
deprive Texas of them without the consent of this people. These are my 
opinions. 

An important question now presents itself to the people of this country. 

The federal constitution of 1824 is about to be destroyed, the system of 
government changed, and a central or consolidated one established. Will 
this act annihilate all the rights of Texas, and subject this country to the 
uncontrolled and unlimited dictation of the new government? 

This is a subject of the most vital importance. I have no doubts the 
federal constitution will be destroyed, and a central government established, 
and that the people will soon be called upon to say whether they agree to 
this change or not. This matter requires the most calm discussion, the 
most mature deliberation, and the most perfect union. How is this to be 
had? I see but one way, and that is by a general consultation of the people 
by means of delegates elected for that purpose, with full powers to give 
such an answer, in the name of Texas, to this question, as they may deem 
best, and to adopt such measures as the tranquility and salvation of the 
country may require. 

It is my duty to state that general Santa Anna verbally and expressly 
authorized me to say to the people of Texas, that he was their friend, that 
he wished for their prosperity, and would do all he could to promote it; 
and that, in the new constitution, he would use his influence to give to the 
people of Texas a special organization, suited to their education, habits, 
and situation. Several of the most intelligent and influential men in 
Mexico, and especially the Ministers of Relations and War, expressed them- 
selves in the same manner. These declarations afford another and more 
urgent necessity for a general consultation of all Texas, in order to inform 
the general government, and especially general Santa Anna, what kind of 
organization will suit the education, habits, and situation of this people. 

It is also proper for me to state that, in all my conversation with the 
president and ministers and men of influence, I advised that no troops 
should be sent to Texas, and no cruisers along the coast. I gave it as my 
decided opinion, that the inevitable consequence of sending an armed force 
to this country would be war. I stated that there was a sound and correct 
moral principle in the people of Texas, that was abundantly sufficient to 
restrain or put down all turbulent or seditious movements, but that this 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 119 

moral principle could not, and would not unite with any armed force sent 
against this country; on the contrary, it would resist and repel it, and 
ought to do so. This point presents another strong reason why the people 
of Texas should meet in general consultation. This country is now in 
anarchy, threatened with hostilities; armed vessels are capturing every thing 
they can catch on the coast, and acts of piracy are said to be committed 
under cover of the Mexican flag. Can this state of things exist without pre- 
cipitating the country into a war? I think it cannot, and therefore believe 
that it is our bounden and solemn duty as Mexicans, and as Texians, to 
represent the evils that are likely to result from this mistaken and most 
impolitic policy in the military movement. 

My friends, I can truly say that no one has been, or is now, more anxious 
than myself to keep trouble away from this country. No one has been, or 
now is more faithful to his duty as a Mexican citizen, and no one has per- 
sonally sacrificed or suffered more in the discharge of this duty. I have 
uniformly been opposed to have any thing to do with the family political 
quarrels of the Mexicans. Texas needs peace, and a local government: its 
inhabitants are farmers, and they need a calm and quiet life. But how can 
I, or any one, remain indifferent, when our rights, our all, appear to be 
in jeopardy, and when it is our duty, as well as our obligation as good 
Mexican citizens, to express our opinions on the present state of things, 
and to represent our situation to the government? It is impossible. The 
crisis is such as to bring it home to the judgment of every man that some- 
thing must be done, and that without delay. The question will perhaps 
be asked, what are we to do? I have already indicated my opinion. Let all 
personalities, or divisions, or excitements, or passion, or violence, be 
banished from among us. Let a general consultation of the people of 
Texas be convened as speedily as posible, to be composed of the best, 
and most calm, and intelligent, and firm men in the country, and let them 
decide what representations ought to be made to the general government, 
and what ought to be done in future. 

With these explanatory remarks I will give a toast — The constitutional 
rights and the security and peace of Texas — they ought to be maintained; 
and jeopardized as they now are, they demand a general consultation of 
the people. 

Henry Austin to Mrs. Holley 1 

Brasoria 10 Sept 1835 
Mrs M A Holley 
My dear Sister 

Stephen has at last arrived. I rode all night through the swamp and rain 
to meet him at Perrys His arrival unites all parties — We, the Republicans 



iPhotostat copy from original in possession of Mrs. B. G. Crosby, granddaughter of 
Mrs. Holley, Spring Station, Kentucky. 



120 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

have striven hard to keep all quiet until his arrival with certain intelligence 
of the movements and intentions of the Mexican Govt and thanks be to God 
have succeeded with the exception of a few acts of the War party, not com- 
promising the whole people — 

Now we meet on middle grounds. Strict Republican Principles — That 
is, to stand upon our constitutional and vested rights — reject the Cen- 
tralismo Plan if offered to us and if they send a force to fight us to repell 
force by force — 

United we have nothing to fear If compelled to take arms in defence 
of our Republican and Natural rights, Republican institutions and prin- 
ciples against despotism — That Just, Holy and Omnipotent Judge who ever 
decides in favor of the rightious cause, will be our sword and our shield 
and The Texians will be as safe as the Israelites in the land of the Philis- 
tines 

With such a cause we shall Command the Sympathies of our Republican 
friends in the North and of the friends of freedom throughout the World 
Should Santa Anna march against us with the Mexican army — the Repub- 
licans in the South will rise and make a diversion in our favor 

a Grand Dinner and Ball were got up for the occasion on two days notice 
in a Manner very creditable to the Committee and port — the only thing I 
did not like was 7$ a head for ball and supper and 30 more for a decent suit 
of clothes which I had not and could have done without There were 60 
covers and despite the short notice the table was three times filled by men 
alone In the evening the long room was filled to a Jam at least 60 or 80 
ladies who danced the sun up and the Oyster Creek girls would not have 
quit then had not the room been wanted for breakfast — you never saw 
such enthusiasm 

Mrs. Phelps is here with Almira and the two Miss Munsons, they go 
home today — Stephen left last night to be at S Felipe on the 12th when all 
the upper world is to be there, I stay to correct the proof sheets of the 
address and then go to St Felipe to close our land business — within a 
year every league will be worth 40,000$ — I will write the girls from home 
Perhaps in time for this Packet Fathers blessing upon his children and 
Sister 

Your Brother 

Say to my dear daughters I found their affectionate letters here on my 
return from Perrys, have had scarcely time to read, much less answer them. 
I shall get part of my crop off for N Orleans within six weeks, I order 
the product to you except so much as may be indispensable to my own 
wants, at present I have not enough money to buy a good horse and no one 
sells on credit 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 121 

With this you ought to receive the handbill and newspapers giving all 
particulars 

dont send the guns to Tailer 

[Addressed:] Mrs M Austin Holley Lexington Kentucky — Mail 

Postmark New Orleans Sep. 27 

Reed. Oct. 11, 1835 

Bartlett Sims to F. W. Johnson 

[Mina, September 9, 1835. Land for Amasa Turner.] 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Dr Brother, 

I have commenced keeping bachellors hall at Mr. William's house, and 
have neither bed nor sheets nor any thing — 

Perhaps you can get a few sheets cheaper in that quarter than can be 
had here. Try and send up the matrass I brought out — it will do for 
Austin — See Mrs. Williams on the subject — I wish to borrow or buy 
or get in any way a few of her house hold affairs — untill I can get them 
from else where 

I wish you to send me a barrel of flour, and some sugar etc I'll say 
half barrel of the former and a bag of coffee — I must now arrange a 
business or office family to be devoted exclusively to the dispatch of busi- 
ness — but to do this I must have some beds and something to eat 

Sept. 11, 1835 

S. F. Austin 
To J. F. Perry 

[Addressed:] James F. Perry Peach Point Mr W. H. Jack 

[Note by Perry:] 

22yds. or enough for 4 sheets of Lenen if to be had 

4 Bed Blankets. 

IBB C Sugar 

1 Bag Coffee 

2 mattresses 

Col Austin said he had some claret wine at McKinney and Williams 
if so have it sent also 

Governor to Political Chief of Department of the Brazos 
[Saltillo, September 12, 1835. See Calendar.] 



122 the austin papers 

San Felipe Meeting 1 
meeting at san felipe 

In pursuance of previous public notice, a large and highly respectable 
meeting of the citizens of the Jurisdiction of Austin, convened at Johnson 
& Winburn's Tavern, in San Felipe, on the 12 th inst., when Col. Stephen F. 
Austin was elected Chairman, and Patrick C. Jack appointed Secretary. 

The Chairman then explained the object of the meeting, and read several 
official communications from Col. Domingo de Ugartechea, and from Col. 
Martin Perfecto de Cos. He then at large expressed his views of the 
Political state of the Republic of Mexico, of the present situation of Texas, 
and of the course which its citizens should pursue under the pressing 
immergencies of the times, and concluded by earnestly urging the absolute 
necessity of a Consultation of all Texas, by means of delegates elected by 
the people. 

After which Capt. Randal Jones introduced the following resolutions, 
which upon motion of Capt. Wyly Martin, were read separately, and upon 
being submitted to the meeting, were unanimously adopted. 

Resolved, 1 st - That we will support the constitution of the Mexican 
Republic of 1824, to which we have solemnly obligated ourselves. 

Resolved, 2 nd - That we recommend a consultation chosen by the people. 

Resolved, 3 rd - That we recommend each Jurisdiction to elect five mem- 
bers to meet in San Felipe on the 15th of October next. 

Resolved, 4 th - That a committee of vigilance and safety for the Juris- 
diction of Austin, be appointed to order and superintend the election for 
delegates of this Jurisdiction, and to correspond with the committees of 
the other Jurisdictions. 

Resolved, 5 th - That the Ayuntamiento of Austin be requested to corre- 
spond with those parts of Texas which may have addressed it on the subject 
of a consultation of Texas. 

In pursuance of the 4 th resolution the meeting then proceeded to the 
election of members of the committee of Vigilance and Safety. Where- 
upon Capt. Wiley Martin, Colonel William Pettus, Gail Borden, Jr., John 
H. Money, Randal Jones and Stephen F. Austin were unanimously elected. 

Resolved, that the proceedings of this meeting be sent to the press at 
Brazoria, for publication, and to the other Jurisdictions of Texas. 

On motion, W. B. Travis, Esq. it was 

1 Clipping from the Texas Republican. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 123 

Resolved, That the thanks of this meeting be voted to the Chairman and 
and Secretary. 

And then the meeting adjourned. 

S. F. Austin, Chairman. 

Patrick C: Jack, Sec u 

Committee Room, San Felipe, Sept. 13 th> 1835. 

The undersigned, a Committee of correspondence and vigilance, ap- 
pointed by a very large and general Meeting of the citizens of the Jurisdic- 
tion of Austin, convened at this place on the 12 th ins., have the honor to 
transmit to you, in pursuance of the duties assigned them, a copy of the 
resolutions adopted by said meeting, in order that you will lay before the 
people of that section of the country, and solicit their co-operation. 

This Committee deem it to be entirely unnecessary, to enter into a long 
statement of facts, to shew why a general consultation of all Texas is in- 
dispensible, for the reason that the present crisis is so evident and alarming, 
that no one appears to doubt it. 

This necessity seems to be so evident and pressing, that a general consul- 
tation of Texas, with full and unlimited power, to organize a local Govern- 
ment, under the constitution of 1824, has been advocated by many instead 
of a consultation. But is is considered that this is a step that cannot be 
safely adopted with any certainty of unanimity, by any district or Munici- 
pality. 

Such a measure and the necessary rules and regulations for directing 
elections and apportioning the representation equally, according to the 
population, the place where, and the time when the Convention ought to 
meet, and other important details can only be determined by all Texas 
met in general Consultation. The measures which may be adopted by such 
General Consultation will carry with them the weight of being the voice 
of all Texas instead of the opinion of a few. They will be the result of 
calm discussion and of a full and mature deliberation and examination 
into the true situation of the country, and cannot fail to produce unanimity 
at home, respect and confidence abroad. 

This Committee deem it to be important that the just and legal rights of 
the civilized Indians should be protected, but not having any certain infor- 
mation on this subject, they can only recommend it to your consideration. 

Some diversity of opinion has existed, as to the place where the pro- 
posed consultation should meet. This place and Washington have been 
proposed. The meeting of yesterday, have preferred this place for the rea- 
sons that there is a printing press here. The most important public records 
are here, and the principal political authority of this department resides 
here. This question will of course be decided by the wishes of the ma- 
jority, for which reason, it is important that you will communicate to this 
committee, what are the wishes of the people of that section, on this point. 



124 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

This committee must beg of you to communicate without delay, with the 
People on Red River, in Pecan Point country, and request them to send 
members to the proposed General Consultation. They are Texans, and their 
interests and rights are identified with those of all Texas. 

This committee in conclusion, recommend that the delegation from each 
district, bring with them an exact census of the population, and return of 
the Militia from their districts, to lay before the General Consultation. 

Very Respectfully, 

Your Fellow Citizens. 

Wily Martin, 
Wm. Pettus, 
Gale Borden, jun r - 
John H. Money, 
Randal Jones, 
S. F. Austin. 

To the Committee of Safety and Correspondence, of Columbia. 
A true copy 
Patrick C. Jack, Sec u 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Sept. 14. 1835 
Dr Brother, 

I have the pleasure to say that there is the most perfect union in this 
part of the country — I have never witnessed a more harmonious meeting 
in my life than the one at this place on the 12 th — - Resolutions were adopted 
approving in substance of those of the Columbia meeting recommending a 
consultation — All goes on very well — union is all that Texas needs — 
I have rec d very favorable news from Bexar and think they will send mem- 
bers to the consultation — in short all Texas will go together and that makes 
all safe — union is all — The mode of proceding is not so material, pro- 
vided union is the result, and the one that has been adopted of consultation 
I think will produce this result — I am regulating a place to live in for 
the present, so as to have room to do business and think that Austin had 
better remain there untill October — Simon has the fever, and I fear that 
Austin will take it, if he comes up this month — 

I think, as I told you when there, that one of the Whartons ought to be 
elected to the consultation. 

Love to Emily and the children, 

Stephen 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 125 

Enquire of Mrs. Williams where my portable writing desk is — I can not 
find it, also the key — I left it with her — also ask her if she knows of any 
of my other things 

S. F. A. 

[Addressed:] Mr James F. Perry Peach Point Dr Miller 

Thomas G. Western to Austin 

Goliad September 16 th 1835 
Col. S. F. Austin 
My Dear Sir 

I congratulate you upon your safe return to Texas and hope your 
presence will inspire sentiments of harmony, unanimity of opinion and 
firmness of purpose and extend over our adopted country the mantle of 
peace and tranquility — 

Your old friend D. Juan Jose Herndz. [Hernandez] is no more he fell 
a victim to cholera his widow is well — The Vasquez's are also well 
and these and all your friends in this Section rejoice at your return and 
desire your weal — I flatter myself with the hope that I shall enjoy the 
pleasure of receiving a line from you — You can command my services 
and be assured that I am Your friend and well wisher 

Thomas G. Western 

D. C. Barrett to Austin 

Col Austin 
Dear Sir, 

I do not now recollect the language used in my letter to the citizens of 
Mina relative to commissioners and the effect of the law of last session 
upon Robenson's contract — but I well remember that I was informed at 
San Antonio that the gov r had not made or perfected the ap 1 of Judge 
Johnson and Dr. Peebles as commissioners under the law which contem- 
plated that ap* — nor am I now advised as to the extent of their powers — 
I was anxious to quiet the feelings of unsettled colonists, and advised the ap 1 - 
of other commissioners which the new state of affairs as represented, fully 
justified. But in doing this, I had not the least apprehension that I was 
interfering with any ap 1 actually made, and of men, whom I know Texas 
approved — as well as my humble self — On this subject when better in- 
formed, I shall communicate with you freely — for the present — I shall 
spare no exertions to give effect to the object of their powers, so far as / 
understand it, and see the interests of the people protected — 

As regard the upper colony — I was professionally consulted, as to the 
operation of the law of last april, (I think) in anulling what is called Rob- 



126 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

ertson's contract — I admitted the premises, as stated to me, that the con- 
tract was legal and perfect — this admitted, you will yourself discover 
that the law of last April, is inoperative" — for the reason I intimated to you 
this morning. 

I shall spare no exertions to acquire correct knowledge of the controverted 
matters, in which I may be consulted — and shall be ever ready to correct 
any conclusions, or opinions, founded upon false premises — at the same 
time that I shall under no circumstances be induced to mislead my fellow 
citizens with false conclusions from just premises — In the present ex- 
citing state of public feeling, it will be strange indeed, if every man whose 
desire to do good, is evident, makes no mistakes — or does not meander 
from the true course — honest principles will give a tone to general 
character but truth well understood will be the only safe guide, in the 
present crises of the destiny of Texas — 

With assurances of respect and good feelings which I will offer on every 
opportunity — in aid of your prudent counsels — 

I am in haste your friend and s vt— " 

D. C. Barrett 

Sept— 17 th - 1835 

[Addressed:] Col. S. F. Austin 

J. W. Fannin, Jr., to David Mills 

Cana Creek Sept. 18, 1835 
David Mills, Dr. Sir 

Letters have been rec d express from citizens residing at or near Copeno 
informing the citizens of Matagorda, that the armed vessel Vera Crusanna 
had arrived and was landing arms and ammunition and that they were to 
wait the arrival of two vessels with 400 troops, which are expected soon — 
Gen. Martin Perfecto De Cos is on board and I suppose the expected force 
with what is at Bexar is to form a small body-guard with which he purposes 
visiting San Felippe. 

We have determined here to raise a sufficient force to justify a reasonable 
belief that we can succeed, in an effort to secure at least the arms and am- 
munition and if to be found the troops. You know we are weak in numbers, 
tho, thank God, united in council and firm resolve to be free or die. 
Hence I am instructed by our fellow citizens to convey to our friends on 
Brazos and Bernard the information and our consequent resolution and 
to ask their speedy and efficient cooperation. It is proposed to organize 
and collect the people of Cana and Bay Prairie and rendesvous at Robertson 
Ferry on Colorado River on Monday 28 Inst and proceed from thence to 
James Carr's residence on the Lavaca when proper information will be 
rec^ to guide our future perations 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 127 

We have only to ask of your and our friends to use your influence and 
accustomed diligence in collecting volunteers and spreading the inteligence 
as rapidly as possible. Dispatch confidential messengers to Velasco, 
Columbia, Col Halls neighborhood and San Felippi. The last named can 
join the party at Carrs [James Kerr's], and I am particularly anxious for 
some of the citizens to have an opportunity of confronting Gen 1 - Cos 
Mercers and Menefee's settlement will also turn out and should not be neg- 
lected I will attend personally to Matagorda and Bay Prairie and will 
see that suitable spies and scouts are sent ahead to afford us information 
upon which we can rely, send copies of this to Archer, Wharton and 
McKenney and to Hall and Bengham and Johnson, Baker and P. Jack. 

J. W. Fannin Jun r 

Austin to P. W. Grayson 

Copy of a letter from Col S. F. Austin to P. W. Grayson, Columbia, 
dated Sep. 19 th 1835 

Dr Sir. The final answer of Gen Cos has just been rec d — It is positive 
that the persons who have been demanded shall be given up — and that the 
people of Texas must unconditionally submit — to any reforms or altera- 
tions that Congress has to make in the Constitution — I give you the sub- 
stance, which is that we have no rights except what the Gov* think proper 
to grant us as a favour. 

Can or will the people of Texas submit to this ! According to the position 
already taken by them they cannot. — 

War then is inevitable — It is impossible to avoid it — This is my 
opinion and I have therefore issued the circular from the committee of 
this place which goes below by this opportunity I have written to Hall, 
and advised the raising of a Volunteer Corps, to be ready for immediate 
opperations — I think he could raise such a corps — Texas now needs 
the united councils and cooperation of every man in it — War and peace 
parties are at an end — There is no remedy but to fight — I shall send 
to Nacogdoches — 

A Gentleman writes from Bexar that the country will be invaded whether 
the obnoxious individuals, (the persons demanded by Ugartechea) are 
given up or not, and the land business and everything else is to be regulated 
by the military. and he says the people must make up their minds either 
to submit or prepare for defence. 

I place more reliance on what he says because he has made so many 
exertions to effect an amicable reconciliation. He also says that he will 
stay and see Cos. though he has no hopes of doing any thing — 

I think he has been faithful to the people here and fear he will get into 
prison — 



128 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Now my friend tell me what we can do except to fight — an attempt 
at reconciliation has been made and failed, and the agents (for Barrett 
who has returned says the same thing — who were sent, say that we must 
submit or fight — Is the Country or any man in it ready or willing to 
submit to a Military Despot. — I think not and for this reason I thought 
it was my duty to let the people know their true situation, as I done in the 
Circular — 

Give me your opinion and that of the people in that quarter — 
These things have come on us much sooner than I expected when I left 
Mexico or N. Orleans but there is no remedy that I see — Cos has precipi- 
tated them — Two Regiments it is said are ordered on from San Luis, and 
also the Campeachy Troops — So says our informant who heard it in 
Bexar. 

Austin to Columbia Committee 1 

CIRCULAR from the committee of safety of the Jurisdiction of Austin 
Information of the most important and decisive character has just been 
received from Bexar from unquestionable authority which in the opinion 
of this committee calls for the prompt attention of the people. 

The substance of this information is that Gen 1 - Cos was expected at Bexar 
on the 16 th of this month with more troops, that he intended to make an 
immediate attack on the colonies, that there was a plan to try and foment 
divisions and discord among the people, so as to use one part against the 
other, and prevent preparation — and that the real object is to destroy and 

1 This is a manuscript copy but it was also printed in handbill form and by the 
Texas Republican. It was issued as a circular letter to all districts under date of 
September 21, with the following postscript: 

Information was received last night by express that Genl. Cos landed at 
Copano with 400 men arms and ammunition 

An Expedition is now raising in the lower country to take the field at once. 
They are called upon to rendezvous at Leagues old place on the Colorado on 
the 28th of this month. 

Every man in Texas is called upon to take up arms in defence of his 
country and his rights. Those who can join the expedition on the 28 th are 
requested to do so; or they can join it at James Kerrs on the Lavaca which 
will be the principal rendezvous. A Corpse of reserve will be formed to 
march on and sustain the advance. Those who can not join the advance are 
requested to unite with the reserve, and report themselves to the Committee 
of Safety in this place. 

It is expected that each man will supply himself with provision arms and 
ammunition to march with. 

Arrangements will be made for permanent supplies as soon as possible. 

Austin Sept 21st 1835 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 129 

break up the foreign settlements in Texas — This committee have no doubt 
of the correctness of this information and therefore recommend — 

That the people should maintain the position taken by them at their 
primary meetings — to insist on their rights under the federal Constitution 
of 1824 and law of 7 th May of that year and union with the Mexican 
Confederation — 

That every district ought to organize its militia where it is not already 
done, and have frequent musters, and that the Captains of Companies make 
a return without delay to the political Chief of this Department of the force 
of his Company the arms and amunition, in order that he may lay the same 
before the general consultation of Texas — Volunteer Companies are also 
recommended — 

This Committe deems it to be a duty to say that in its opinion all kind 
of conciliatory measures with Gen 1 - Cos and the military at Bexar are hope- 
less, and that nothing but ruin to Texas can be expected from any such 
measures — They have already and very properly been resorted to without 
effect. 

WAR is our only resource — there is no other remedy but to defend our 
rights, our country and ourselves by force of arms — To do this we must 
be united, and in order to unite, the delegates of the people must meet in 
general consultation and organize a system of defense and give organization 
to the country so as to produce concert — 

UNTILL some competent authority is established to direct all that can be 
done is to recommend this Committee therefore earnestly recommends 
this subject and advises every man in Texas to prepare for war and lay 
aside all hopes of conciliation. 

San Felipe de Austin September 19 1835 

S. F. Austin chairman of the Comm. [Rubric] 

Please to send copies to Matagorda and over the country. — 

Committee of Safety, Columbia 

Austin to W. D. C. Hall 

San Felipe, Sept. 19, 1835. 
Dear Sir: — 

War is upon us — there is now no remedy, the answer of Cos is positive 
that the individuals who have been demanded must be given up, and 
that the people must unconditionally submit to whatever the government 
chooses to do for them ; he lays down the principle that the General Govern- 
ment have the right to force us to submit to any reform or amendments, or 
alterations that congress may make in the constitution, &c. This is impos- 
sible — we had better leave the country at once, for we shall be, under Cos' 
doctrine, without any rights or guarantees of any kind. 1 therefore think 



130 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

that war is inevitable; we must prepare. What do you think of raising 
a volunteer corps to protect the Consultation; and have it ready with out 
delay I think it probable Cos will attack the people on Guadalupe in a 
short time; they expect aid and ought to have it. 

I shall send to Nacogdoches immediately. 

S. F. Austin. 

W. D. C. Hall. 

Austin to Columbia Committee 1 

San Felipe de Austin, Sept. 21 st - 1835. 
Gentlemen — 

I received the information last night of the expedition that is raising to 
march on to Labacca and without delay have sent expresses to Harrisburg, 
Trinity and the upper country with copies of the paper which I enclose for 
your information — Frank Johnson starts tomorrow for Nacogdoches; I 
have requested them in that quarter to raise all the men they can and march 
on without delay. There must now be no half way measures — War in 
full — The sword is drawn and the scabbard must be put on one side 
until the military are all driven out of Texas. I presume you have received 
the circular from the committee of this place dated the 19 th inst ; Mr. Brig- 
ham took it down — it was written in consequence of information received 
from Bexar which was of so decisive a character that the committee deemed 
it a duty to take a clear and [un] equivocal position at once and to let the 
country know its opinion — I am happy to say that in this quarter and in 
the upper country so far as I have heard, all are united and all for War; 
I hope you will inform me of what is done so that there may be as much 
concert as possible, you will see by the enclosed paper, that a corps of 
reserve is proposed. This was done because I expect, that some will come 
on from Trinity and some from Bevil' settlement who cannot be in time for 
the advance, and it was necessary to give them some center to report to, so 
as to receive direction and organization; until there is some head to order; 
we must all try to labour in concert, so as to support each others movements 
as much as the distance and circumstances will permit. I will remain here 
for a while, or go on to Labacca as may be deemed most advisable. I seek 
no command and wish none, but am ready to do all the good I can to 
unite opinions and raise men, and to fight in person — I go into this war 
cheerfully and with very different feelings from what I had in any of our 
past difficulties — we are now right our basis is sound and just, and will 

1 Clipping from Texas Republic. 






THE AUSTIN PAPERS 131 

be so declared by an impartial world; we are defending our constitutional 
rights against military usurpation — 

I hope you will communicate your opinions to me fully and frankly. 

S. F. Austin. 

To the Committee of Safety &c. of Columbia. 

Austin to the People 

Information was rec d - last night by express that Gen 1 - Cos landed at 
Copano with 400 men arms and amunition — An expedition is now raising 
in the lower country to take the field at once — volunteers are called for 
to rendezvous at Leagues old place on Colorado on the 28 of this month. 
Every man in Texas is now called upon to take up arms in defence of his 
country and his rights. Those who can join the expedition on the 28 are 
required to do so or they can join it at James Kerrs on La Baca which 
is the principal rendezvous — 

A corps of reserve will be formed to march on and sustain the advance. 
Those who cannot join the advance are required to unite with the reserve 
and report themselves to the committee of safety in this place and be ready 
for marching orders. It is expected that each man will supply himself 
with provisions arms and ammunition to march with — arrangements will 
be made for permanent supplies as soon as possible. 

San Felipe de Austin Sept. 21, 1835 

S. F. Austin, chairman of Com. 

Martin Allen to James F. Perry 

8 Mile point Sept 22 nd 1835 
Mr Pery 

Sir I offer my best respects to you and family I congratulate you on 
the arrival of our worthy friend Col. Austin and hope that his arrival at 
this Critical Moment will be the Saving of our Country. I Saw him yester- 
day at home he is well, at present, but had been very near Ending his 
days by accident as he informed me he had sent down to town for a bottle of 
Brandy and he had sent to him a bottle of the tincture of corose of subli- 
ment he informed me that it puked and purged him at the most violent 
rate posable. He sayed one teaspoonfull more must have taken his life — 
but he is over it and well and will receive no further injury by it as it 
operated in the way it did — I had some conversation with him relative 
to the views I had of fixing my stock on Dickersons buyo I have been over 
lately to that buyo and examined your land in order to select a suitable spot 
for the purpose — I have chosen one if you are willing to let me have it 
as we have talked of that is for me to have the labore on which I would 



132 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

settle. You wrote me once that I must take it in one corner of one of your 
land. this might not suit me attall as the soil is all poor — the Colonel 
says he apprehends there will be no objections to my settling on any part 
of the land that I may select. And if you are willing to give me a labore 
where I have selected and will write me to that afect, I will go over and 
prepare cowpens and take my stock over as soon as the river gets low 
enough 

I think Mr Perry that my preposials are not unreasonable as you have 
two Leagues adjoining each other I think the law require that there shall 
be put upon grasing lands 100 heads of horned cattle, and my stock will 
amount to at least 200 head will be the settling of both leagues in the Eye 
of the law — You will please to write to me as soon as posable as the 
season is fare advanced to move cattle this fall: if the river gits down in 
time to move them this fall. I want to do it as soon as posable. And if it 
dos not I will go over and make preperations for to move thern in the 
spring I am offered choice of lands on the south side of the buyo but 
the want of timber is a greate objection. 

You will please write by the first opportunity 

And Olige Your Cincere friend 

Martin Allen 
Mr J. Perry 

[Addressed:] Mr James F. Perry Peach point politeness of Capt. 
Richardson 

Asa Brigham to James F. Perry 

Columbia Sept r 22 nd 1835 
Jas. F. Perry Esq r - 
Dear Sir, 

at the request of Mr^ J. H. Bell, I enclose you a copy of a letter writen 
by Col. S. F. Austin to P. W. Grayson of this place; and should have sent 
you a copy of the Cols, circular, if time would have permited. — I have 
sent a copy to the Committee of safety, at Velasco, of which you are a 
member, and one to Brazoria, for publication. — I shall leave tomorrow 
for Matagorda, on business, but shall return before Monday the 5 th of next 
month, at which time I wish to have a meeting of the Ayuntamiento : you 
will please attend. — 

A. Brigham 

D. T. Fitchett to James F. Perry 

Brazoria 22 Sept 1835 
Mr. Perry 

Sir I left Columbia this morning and promised to send letters imme- 
diately from Col Austin to you. Which promise I have complied with also 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 133 

an express to the Mouth of the Brazes. I should like to see you here I 
expect that all the newes is in your letters if not come to town and we 
will give you all we no which cannot be doubted General Cos is on 
his March with 5000 soldiers and one-fourth tied with Roap to keep them 
from deserting this is fact which we cannot doubt — 

D. T. Fitchett 
[Addressed:] Mr. James F. Perry Peach Point 

W. B. Travis to Austin 

Mill Creek, Sept 22 nd 1835 
Col. S. F. Austin, 

Dear Sir; Since leaving town, I have had many enquires made of me, 
as to the location of the convention. It seems, to be uncertain, whether it is 
to be at Washington or San Felipe de Austin, as both places have been rec- 
ommended and there has been no decision as to where it is to be — Would 
it not be well, for the call to be made by the most competent authority we 
have, and the place definitely designated, or at least recommended? Your 
arguments in favor of the Town of Austin, as expressed in the letter are 
powerful and will prevail if presented to the people of the several munici- 
palities of Texas, through the proper channels — The spirit of "War" in 
defence of Texas and our dearest rights has infused itself into the minds 
of the people and I think it will require but little exertion to get troops 
together for the promotion of any project which you recommend — 

All eyes are turned towards you; and the independent manly stand 
you have taken has given the Sovereigns confidence in themselves — Texas 
can be wielded by you and you alone; and her destiny is now completely 
in your hands — I have every confidence that you will guide us safe 
through all our perils — This is not the base flattery of a servile mind — 
but is the reasoning of one ardent in his country's cause, and who wishes 
to unite his feeble efforts with those who have the power and inclination 
to lead us in safety to the desired end. — 

There is also a doubt as to the number of Delegates to the convention 
from our District — I have stated it as my opinion, that seven would be 
elected as all the other municipalities will elect that number. Would it 
not be well for your committee to circulate the necessary instructions to 
pres[i] dents of the precinct elections? 

W. B. Travis [Rubric] 



134 the austin papers 

Committee of San Augustine to Committee of San Felipe 

Committee Room San Augustine — 
September 22 1835 

We the undersigned a Committee of Vigilence and correspondence ap- 
pointed at a large and general meeting of the citizens of the municipality 
of San Augustine convened at this place on the 7 th inst. the resolutions of 
which, this committee transmitted you through Maj. Wade Bynum and 
W. H. Wharton Esq r from the jurisdiction of Austin, have the honour of 
addressing you in reply to your communication, this day received by us 
dated, "Committee Room, San Felipe, Sept. 13, 1835 — 

This Committee deem that the propriety of a State Consultation has 
already been unanimously acknowledged by the Citizens of this munici- 
pality as indispensibly necessary for their well being and safety, to meet 
in the Town of Washington on the 15th day of October next, whose dele- 
gates, seven in number, are to be vested with unlimited powers, to be gov- 
erned entirely by circumstances that may have transpired, up to the time 
of the meeting of said consultation, owing to our detached local situations, 
and the danger of protracting time, and deeming it highly necessary, at 
this crisis, to act with energy and decision — 

This committee deem it impolitick to limit the capasity of their delegates 
their interests being inseperably identified with their constituants, and in 
common with the balance of the citizens of the state, they knowing the 
wants, and agrievances of the people, having minds unbiased, with an eye 
single to good sound republican principles, will be willing to do what is 
right, and submit to nothing that is wrong, are willing to risk our all, to the 
mature and deliberate discussion and the final result of an unprejudiced 
decision of a majority of the members of said consultation in determining 
the course most advisable to be persued. 

This Committee being well aware of the vital importance of securing 
the friendship of the numerious Tribes of Indians intersperced among our 
inhabitants, will take all necessary measures in their power for the accom- 
plishment of that end — 

This Committee are decidedly of opinion that the meeting for the pro- 
posed consultation, should be held at Washingon, that place being first 
designated, and generally understood, as being the place, considering the 
objections to its being held at Washington, more easily obviated, than the 
prejudices that might arise in the minds of many, on its being altered to 
San Felipe — 

This committee have ere this communicated with the people of Red 
River about Pecan Point country, presuming however that they will not act 
at all on this subject. — 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 135 

This Committee will, in compliance — with your final recommendation, 
see that their delegates are furnished with all the statistical information, 
practicable to be obtained — 

Resp y Your fellow Citizens — 

Philip A Sublett 
Wm Inglish 
Albert G Kellogg 
Wm. Garrett [Rubric] 
To W. Martin, S. F. Austin and others, committee of vigilence and safety 
for the jurisdiction of Austin — 

[Addressed:] To the Committee of Safety and Correspondence for the 
jurisdiction of Austin — San Felipe Texas — 



Eli Mercer to Austin 



23 d Sept 1835 



Dear Sir, 

The presant time is both critical, and important. Critical on account of 
our disorganized situation; and difficult because our rights are invaded 
when we are without resourses. The people hail your appearance in Texas 
at this time as one of the happiest events; because they believe you are 
capable of managing our difficult affairs better than we could without you. 
We wish you to head the preasant expedition against General Coss in 
person believing your presance will be much neaded; to unite the people, 
enforce obedience — , and to plan the movements of the troops. 

Believe me Sir I use no flattery with you but speak what I believe to be 
the truth in friendship. We are all alive to the cause of defense in this 
part, and will attend to every thing that will promote the cause we are 
about to imbark in. We know no party here, but are united in the General 
cause. The subject of the Consultation will be promptly attended to in 
this part. 

Eli Mercer 
[Addressed:] Col Austin San Felipe Texas 

William P. Harris and John W. Moore to Austin 

Harrisburg 23 d Sept. 1835 
Col. Austin 

Dear Sir Your communication of the 21 st - was Rec d this morning with 
its enclosures we have dispatched an Express to Lynchburg and Gen 1 - 
Zavala, with copies of all the documents recommending them to forward 
the same or copies to Trinity and Bevel Settlements I have forwarded 
your letter to Gen 1 - Zavalla and the people below on the Bay and will assist 



136 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

the Gov r on his way to San fillipe the officers of the militia and volunteer 
corps are calling their Commands together and will be in readiness for 
any service when they may be wanting Some will leave on Saturday 
next for the rendezous at Leagues old place if convenient let us know 
when the corp of reserve leaves San fellipe that the troops from this quarter 
may meet them at some point below — all to a man in this quarter are 
preparing for the defence of their country against military tyranny and 
despotism — Texas and Liberty is the motto — 

Wm. P. Harris 
John W. Moore 
Mr. Geo F. Richardson chairman of the Committee of Safety and Vig- 
ilence has gone to Lynchburg as an express with a copy of the documents 
to see them forwarded as required Therefore the committee of safety and 
vigilence of this place has no organ through which they can at this time 
answer their communication — 

Wm. P. Harris 

J. W. Zacharie and Company to Austin 
[New Orleans, September 23, 1835. See Calendar.] 

James Whiteside to Spencer H. Jack 
[September 25, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Gonzales Committee of Safety to 



Gonzales Sept 25 th 1835 
I am directed by the Committee of safety of Gonzales, to address you for 
the purpose of procuring immediate assistance to repel an expected attack 
of the enemy. The circumstances which influence us to this measure are 
these — A demand at the instance of Col: Urgatechea has been made for 
a piece of cannon which has been in this town upwards of 4 years — the 
cannon is not needed in Bexar, for they have 18 other pieces there still 
unmounted — besides those they have mounted; this piece was given us 
unconditionally as we are informed for the defence of this colony — From 
every circumstance, and from information we are justified in believeing that 
this demand is only made to get a pretext to make a sudden inroad and 
attack upon this colony for marauding and other purposes. 

The Alcalde with the approbation of the people has refused to deliver 
up the cannon — and we are satisfied that as soon as Urgatechea is informed 
of the fact, he will immediately send a force against this colony at least 
thinking to find us too weak to resist them — We therefore earnestly request 
you to send what force you can collect immediately to our assistance. You 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 137 

need make no delay about provisions, for we have plenty at your service — 
the time we think is most pressing, and the occasion most urgent — 

In haste 

By order of the council 

G. W. Davis, Sec y - 

Resolutions of Matagorda Committee 

[Convened on the morning of the 25 th of September, 1835. W. J. 
Russell, chairman, and Seth Ingram, secretary. Committee of five — Ira 
Ingram, R. R. Royall, G. M. Collinsworth, Samuel Williams, and Charles 
Willson — to report on the circular issued by Austin on the 19 th - Approve 
the circular. Recommend immediate formation of a militia company. Add 
Seth Ingram to present committee of "Safety, vigilance, election and corre- 
spondence." The committee will then consist of W. J. Russell, R. R. Royall, 
Ira Ingram, Seth Ingram, and Hamilton S. Cook.] 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney 

Sept. 26. 1835 
Dr Mac. 

As you are in a situation to hear much, I hope as a friend you will inform 
me of any thing that is of importance towards effecting the main object, 
which is union and concert — I believe you know and understand the 
principles that have always influenced me — I was in times past opposed 
to mixing war measures with our affairs — We were then at peace, and a 
calm was all important to drawing emigration to the country — At that 
time no important fundamental or permanent right or principle was at- 
tacked — I was therefore for peace in full. No half way measures — I 
acquiesced in some but reluctantly as is well known. I was abused very 
much for so doing — but I never attributed corrupt motives to those who 
differed with me in opinion — Now Our position is quite different — our 
all is at stake — It is even a question of life or death "to be, or not to 
be" — I now believe that our rights are attacked — and that war is our only 
remidy — I am therefore for War in full, and no half way measures — 
There was, as you know better than I do, great divisions, and that it required 
some prudence to unite so many discordant materials — I have done all 
I could — I have not suffered the past to have any influence upon me as to 
any person whatever — I do think that this same rule ought to govern 
every one — we are now all united, but any thing like parly or intolerance 
will create new divisions — There ought to be no division in the ranks of 
those who are fighting for the same cause Even personalities should be 
laid on one side — it is a sacrifice which each one owes to the country — 



138 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

I know not whether any still exist against me, perhaps you can inform me — 
I find all my private affairs at loose ends— The trip to Mexico has in- 
volved me very much in debt, but there are other claims which I did not 
expect and which are incorrect — While I am laboring away my life to 
serve the public, all at my own expense I find that I am only entangling 
myself in debt and trouble — It is discouraging — I must raise money — 
if any can be raised by the sale of lots at that place let me know — 
I must make some money in some way, even to pay my dayly expenses 
which are very small as to my own personal expenditures, but very great 
as to those for the general service of the country — My greatest ambition 
now is to be in a situation where I can say that I am clear of the world 
and its affairs — but I cannot do this untill the country is at peace — Write 
me by first opportunity 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr T. F. McKinney, Quintana 

[Note] Gen Austin's expenes to Mexico and back amounted to over 
thirty thousand dollars 1 all of which he paid out of his own purse he 
also spent a large amount in behalf of Texas in 35 and 36 — Guy M. Bryan. 

L. F. Linn to W. C. Carr 

St. Louis September 28 1835 
Dear Sir 

I send you the statement promised in relation to Col. Austin and sup- 
posing it would make it more efficient have given it the weight of my posi- 
tion in the Senate: — Wishing you and your amiable family Health and 
prosperity 

L. S. Linn 
[Addressed:] William C. Carr, Present — 

St Louis September 28 th 1835 
Hearing that the character of Col Stephen F Austin has been assailed 
in consequence, as is said of transactions which occurred previous to his 
leaving the State of Missouri for Texas. I take pleasure in giving this 
testimony in his favour, and will feel much gratified should it avail him 
anything. My place of residence for many years was not more than forty 
five miles from that of Col. Austins and although not personally very 
intimate in my intercourse with him, public opinion universally pro- 
nounced him a man of unblemished reputation and of the most delicate 

1 Austin's direct outlay seems to have been about ten thousand dollars. Colonel Byran 
probably included in this estimate losses caused by Austin's detention in Mexico. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 139 

sense of honour. He served (when very young) in the Legislature of this 
State with a reputation distinguished for talent zeal and business habits. 
[Not] Amid all the jarring of party feelings and the collisions of personal 
interests, did I ever hear of his truth, honour or integrity being called in 
question. For the truth of this statement I pledge my character, and stand- 
ing as a gentleman and of a Senator of the United States 

L. F. Linn 

Note 

This package was put in my hand on leaving New Orleans by a gentle- 
man from Herculaneum Mo. — having understood that Colo. Austin will be 
at Quintana within a few days I leave it in care at Mr Mckenney. — 

J. M. Chadwick St. Louis Mo 

Col: Stephen F. Austin Texas 

Austin to the People of Texas 1 

San Felipe, September 29, 1835. 

The committee has received a communication, under date of 25 th inst., 
in the name of the people of Gonzales, stating that Colonel Ugartachea had 
made a demand for the piece of cannon at that place and that the people, 
in a general meeting, had refused to give it up. . . . The present move- 
ments of the people of Texas are of a popular and voluntary character, in 
defence of their constitutional rights, which are threatened by military in- 
vasion of an unconstitutional character. The people are acting on the 
defensive, and therefore there can not be a doubt that it was correct in the 
people of Gonzales, under this principle, to detain the piece of cannon 
which was given to them by the authorities of a constitutional government 
to defend themselves and the constitution if necessary. On this principle 
the people of this and every other section of the country, so far as the 
committee is informed, are ready to fly at a moment's warning to the de- 
fense of those people, should they be attacked. Companies of volunteers 
have already marched, and more are in readiness should they be needed 
to repel attack. 

This committee beg leave to suggest that, inasmuch as the position taken 
by the country up to the present time is purely defensive, it is very im- 
portant to keep this principle constantly in view, and to avoid making at- 
tacks, unless they should be necessary as a measure of defense. 

S. F. Austin, Ch'm, Etc. 



1 Copy by Colonel Guy M. Bryan. 



140 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

H. Meigs to Austin 

New York Sep. 29. 1835. 
Dear Sir 

I now congratulate you most sincerely upon your restoration to liberty 
and to your own home. 

Your situation in Mexico was one of more danger than you was sensible 
of, at the time. A great interest was exerted to destroy you and with you 
your property — Truly your escape is most fortunate. 

Now, (as it appears to me) you have before you the clear prospect of 
success not only in realising a rich and richly deserved fortune, but also 
of realizing, for the most part, your philanthropic and just designs in favor 
of Texas. 

Your fate is far more blessed by Providence than that of Founders of 
Communities in general. 

The U States are looking to your course with deep interest. It is not 
possible to separate you from them long Every political, religious and 
commercial tie exists between them and you. 

May God bless you and give you a long and happy life. 

H. Meigs. 

T. S. Saul to Captain Hoxie 

At Capt Moores Colorado River 
Sept 29 th 1835 
Capt Hoxie 

Dear Sir 
The inhabitants of Gonzales are moving their families from the Town. 
Mr Mitchell arrived yesterday at this place. Ugartechea sent to demand 
the cannon now at Gonzales. They refused to give it up in consequence of 
which they have sent three hundred men to fetch it who are expected in 
Gonzales this evening. What men we can muster will attack them tomorrow 
morning by way of annoyance but help must be immediately sent us 

Now is the time to strike the blow, Send on what force you can as soon 
as possible 

T. S. Saul 
A true copy — T. J. Pilgrim 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Sept. 30 th 1835 
Dr Brother, 

All the reasons given by my friends Mrs Mckinney, Mrs Jack and Mrs 
Williams, and also by Emily, against my keeping bachellors hall, I have 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 141 

already taken into view and a thousand more — It is a dog's life to say 
the least of it — But I am not yet a free man — I am still a slave — I 
must be here to finish the land business and to try and systematise our 
political affairs otherwise we shall all go overboard. 

Gen. Zavala is here and will live with me some time — Grayson and 
some others will be with us — There is much to do, and it is of the greatest 
importance — circumstances have made me a kind of center for public 
opinion, but one man (with the land affairs on his hand) cannot do all 

I must be at all this expense, tho I am compensated for it fully, by the 
society of such men as Zavala and Grayson — there never were better men 
than they are 

I must therefore have sheets and blankets and some other things — and 
beds — the house is not large enough to have a family — we must have pri- 
vate rooms to write in, far from noise or interruption — The formation of 
a govt, (perhaps of a nation) is to be sketched out — The dayly progress 
of events is to [be] watched over, and public excitement kept from going 
too fast, or too slow — a thousand things are to be done — But you will 
say that I ought not to be at all this expense — have I not always been a 
pack-horse? — I must continue to be so a little while longer — and am 
willing to be so for the general good 

I want a barrel of salt beef — 1 of salt pork — some flour — some boxes of 
wine that Williams sent to Mckinney for me — he said I could take some 
of them. 2 beds and bedding — a barrel good whiskey — some spoons — 
some rice — some beans — send them by the steam boat, also if Mrs Williams 
can spare the oxen and wagon I wish to keep it to haul wood untill I can 
buy one — and some cows for milk, for I have nothing. I want a brick 
layer to build the kitchen chimney which has fallen down in the great rain 
— I would like to have one set of bed curtains — I must receive visitors and 
must be a little decent to receive them — I want hand irons for the fire place 
and shovel and tongs — in fact as housekeeping is a new thing I hardly 
know what I want — I never think of such things untill I need them. I 
have no blankets or bedding at all that I know of I ought to have some, 
ask Mrs Williams as to old Mary I shall hire a woman to help her — 

Show this to Mckinny and Jack and the ladies, and among you fit me out 
with something. 

As to the cost — it must go where the cost of my trip to Mexico went, and 
where I expect much more will go — that is to serve the country if that, is 
well served we shall all of us have enough, for we shall all prosper in 
common and I shall be very well satisfied with that kind of compensation 
I ask no other — 

Tell Emily I will attend to all my own private affairs as soon as I can — ■ 
but the great cause of the country is the first thing — 

Your Brother 

Stephen 



142 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

I am bitter — that Brute Butler has 

just arrived 

I have a letter from Gritten 18 inst — says that Cos was expected on the 

22 d — that Congress declared itself a national convention to make a new 

constitution (good for us because this step is an outrage on all the rights of 

the nation) — that Zacatecas and Guadalajara were in array against San 

tana etc 

The mail rider says it was reported at Goliad that Cos had turned back 
and gone to put down a revolution in Tamaulipas 

Western writes me from Goliad — says nothing about Cos — So I sup- 
pose he is not near at hand or Western would have mentioned it W. gives 
no news. Men enough have gone to Gonzales I think for the present — 
tho I will stop none — 

S. F. A. 

[Addressed:] Mr James F. Perry Peach Point 

Matagorda Committee to Austin 

Town of Matagorda 
To Committee Room Sep. 30-1835. 

Col. Stephen F. Austin, 

We received last evening, a Brazoria paper, containing your letter to the 
Committee of Columbia, dated the 21 st inst., and unanimously approved 
the course there recommended. We had, however, already dispatched two 
suitable persons to Caney, and up B. Prairie; to raise a volunteer corpse: 
which we have this day recommended to rendezvous at James Kerr's, as 
speedily as possible, to cooperate in the common defence of Texas. There 
has been some opposition here to these movements — but at present, it 
amounts to little more than want of concert, and among a very few, and 
we have good reason to hope for a respectable showing when all convene. 

Fifteen or twenty days ago, the Vera Cruzanna appeared in the offing of 
the passo Cavallo, and sent in her tender, a small sloop, said to be com- 
manded by the notorious Cooper — a small boat from the latter, with 3 
men, landed at the Pilot's house. One of the three, an englishman, who 
says he was pressed into the Mexican service by Thomson, deserted; and 
came to town. He says the V. C. Anna is loaded, as he was informed by 
those on board, with Cannon, small arms, ammunition, and iron hobbles; 
and bound for Copano; that 500 Mex n - troops were expected there in a 
short time from Matamoras; and in the mean time, the cargo, when landed, 
was to be guarded by 5 of the Brig's crew. We have since learned from 
Mr. John Linn — that, she had not a few days ago, been able to effect a 
landing; nor did he think she could procure the necessary small boats to 
enable her to do so. Arrangements are made through him, for procuring 






THE AUSTIN PAPERS 143 

at this place, the earliest information of any, and every, important move- 
ment in that direction. 

Again, the v. c. anna has been recently reported off the pass, a second 
time, and a number of our citizens have now gone down, to aid, (if prac- 
ticable, and necessary) in assisting a sch. to enter, which passed down the 
coast, in plain view of Town, a few days since. We hope to hear from the 
Pass today. We request information of your movements from time to time, 
and of your plans, so far as is compatible with the general interest to com- 
municate them. 

Our place is badly armed, and our numbers are few — too few, to enable 
us to spare many. There are here, belonging to the public, 2 4-pounders, 
440 Kegs cannon powder, and in the stores 20 or 30 do of rifle; all subject 
to your order — advising, at the same time, that a suitable regard be had, 
in any, and every emergency, to the weak, and uncovered condition of this 
point. There is now, a large amount of goods here; and a large winter 
supply, is daily expected. In case the enemy should get information of our 
actual condition, an effort to pay us a visit is not improbable. 

R. R. Royall: Chairman of the committee of safety etc., 
Matagorda 
Ira Ingram Sec y - 

[Addressed:] To Col. Stephen F. Austin San Felipe. 

Matagorda Committee Resolutions 

At a meeeting of the Committee of Safety etc of this town, held on the 
morning of the 30 th inst. a majority of the members being present, it was 
unanimously resolved, that 

This Committee approve the course recommended by Col. S. F. Austin, 
in his communication of the 21 st inst. addressed to the Committee of Safety 
etc for Columbia and published in the "Texas Republican" of the 26 th inst. 

That, the volunteers of this place, and throughout the eastern section of 
this jurisdiction be, and they are hereby recommended to rendezvous at 
James Kerrs on La Bacca as speedily as possible; for the purpose of co- 
operating with those from the eastern and north eastern sections of Texas, 
in the common defence of our common country. 

That, this Committee concur in the proposal of those of Nacogdoches 
and Columbia, for electing Seven, instead of 5 delegates to the consulta- 
tion; and they authorize those appointed or to be appointed, to hold the 
election on the 5 th of October, to receive the votes of the volunteers, at any 
time previously, whenever offered 

That R. R. Royall, be, and he is hereby authorized in the absence of Ira 
Ingram, to hold the election in the town of Matagorda, and to do whatever 



144 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

else, relating thereto, it would be the duty of said Ingram to perform, if 
personally present. 

That being advised that danger is apprehended from the slave popula- 
tion on the Brazos, that Committee recommends to their fellow citizens 
great caution in this particular, and the adoption of prompt measures to 
prevent in our section both alarm and danger. 

Matagorda Sep. 30 th - 1835 
R. R. Royall Chairman of the Committee of Safety etc for Matagorda. 
Ira Ingram Sec y - 

Jesse Bartlett to Gail Borden, Jr 
[Cedar Bluff, September 30, 1835. Report on Surveying.] 

Edward Gritten to Ira R. Lewis 1 

Bexar 1 st October 1835 
Major I. R. Lewis 

Matagorda 
Dear Sir, 

I had last the pleasure of addressing you by D Juan A. Padilla and I 
now repeat it, in consequence of the departure for your town of Mess rs 
Buckley and Kirby, the bearers, whom I beg leave to introduce to your 
acquaintance and attentions. 

Intelligence has been received from Gonzales, stating that the Ayunta- 
miento has refused to give up a dismounted cannon demanded by this 
Military Commandant on an order from the Political Chief, claiming it as 
belonging to the place. The 28 th ult° one hund d cavalry left for Gonzales to 
enforce the order, which however was not then complied with and in this 
situation of the affair it was judged expedient, after consultation, to adopt 
the suggestion of Col. Ugartechea (who professes himself unwilling to 
come to a rupture with the Colonies) that D or Smither should proceed to 
Gonzales and recommend to that Municipality to await the orders of the 
Political Chief of the Brazos, their own proper authority respecting the 
cannon and before arms were resorted to. In the mean while the cavalry 
remain there, and I am informed that the infantry at this place have like- 
wise received orders to march and reinforce the former. Thus matters 
stand between the two belligerent parties, but if the Political Chief of the 
Brazos direct the gun to be given up and the Colonel withdraw his troops, 
an arrangement may yet be effected, suitable to the honor and interests of 
Texas, if not, the Colonies, when they go into the struggle, should do so 
unanimously and with heart and soul, if they wish to succeed. General Cos 

1 From Bexar Archives, University of Texas. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 145 

is to be here in a few days and is appointed Commissioner for the affairs 
of the Colonies: more troops are also expected. 

Please present my best comp ts to Judge Chambers and my best respects 
to your lady who I sincerely hope has improved in health. 

Mess rs Buckley and Kirby will give you all the information they [are 
in possession of.] 

Edward Gritten [Rubric] 

[Addressed to:] Major I. R. Lewis Matagorda Politeness Mess rs Buck- 
ley and Kirby 

J. B. Chance to Austin 

[San Felipe, October 1, 1835. Receipt for $50 on account for survey- 
ing land for H. J. Offutt.] 

Austin to A. J. Harris 

Copy 
Dear Sir 

I send you the enclosed open that you may see its contents and send it by 
express to the Committee etc. There is no time to lose send a safe express 
and seal the letter and also taking Copies — Oct 1 st 1835 

S. F. Austin 

Copy 

San Felipe Oct 1 st 1835 
Committee of Safety of the Jurisdiction of Austin 

Enclosed are copies of letters rec d - by Express by way of Coles' Settle- 
ment, they speak for themselves — 

The District of Washington is turning out and will march to Gonzales 
as fast as possible. 

The urgency of the occasion renders it necessary to appeal to the patriot- 
ism of the people etc 

This committee propose that one of the members of each of the Com- 
mittee's of Safety be appointed to come to this place without one moments 
delay, and remain here as a permanent council 1 , such a measure is now 
deemed undispensably necessary — 

S. F. Austin — Chairman of Committee — 

J For the formation of this "permanent council" and the journal of its sessions, see 
Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, VII, 250-278. 



146 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Copy 

At Capt Moores Colorado River Sept 29 1835 
To the Committee of Safety at San Felipe 
Gentlemen — 

The frontiers are attacked 

Three hundred Mexicans will be tonight? in Gonzales — The citizens in 
the neighborhood are mustering as fast as they can — every exertion must 
be made to get the people to arms — from respectable authority now pres^ 
ent, there are besides the troops at Bexar with Coss 2000 men are on the 
road. — At La Bahia the enemy sent for horses, there were none, they then 
made the Citizens pack their baggage on their backs — Whipped the Al- 
calde and Ayuntamiento — : From reports I expect 200 or 250 men will be 
in the neighborhood of Gonzales tomorrow and will give the enemy a 
specimen of their skill in rifle shooting 

Thos. S Saul 
Member of Committee of Washington 



l r>' 



[Copy of Saul to Hoxey, September 29, omitted. See above.] 

I do certify that the above Coppies of Communication rec'd from S F 
Austin and now in this Office are true and correct 

G. W. Poe 
Copy — A. J. Harris 

William S. Fisher to Austin 

Gonzales Octo 23. 1835 
Your letter of Sept 27 th has been received, and we are rejoiced to hear 
that Volunteers are on their march to our assistance, the Rubicon is crossed 
and it is now of vital importance to Texas, that we should be immediately 
reinforced. 

About 12 Oclock on the 20 th the Military about 200 in number, arrived 
on the western Bank of the Guadaloupe, and attempted the passage of the 
River, but were repulsed by 18 men (the whole force then in this place) 
they then encamped on the mound at DeWitts, on the 1 st Octo. about 12, 
oclock they took up their march and encamped about seven miles above 
this place in a very strong position, suspecting that their object in this 
movement was either to wait for a reinforcement, from San Antonio, or 
to cross at the upper crossing, about 15 Miles above, it was determined to 
attack them, before their plan could be carried into execution — Accordingly 
on the same night, the whole force on foot, (amounting to about 160 men) 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 147 

from the Guadaloupe, Colerado, and Labaca, commanded by Col, J. H. 
Moore, crossed the River attacked the enemy about day Break and put them 
to flight without the loss of a single man — and in as much as we expect a 
formidable attack from Ugartachie, should the forces long remain idle, 
the determination is to attack San Antonio, as soon as we can receive rein- 
forcements, to prevent this country as far as possible from becoming the 
Battle ground, this Committee therefore earnestly desire, that you would use 
your influence, to send to this place as soon as possible, as many volunteers 
as possible 

Wm. S. Fisher Chrm of Com. 
To Col. S. F. Austin Chairman of committee of Austin 

Austin to the People 1 

CIRCULAR 

From the Commitee of safety of the jurisdiction of Austin. 

All are aware of the present movements of volunteers towards the west- 
ern frontiers. For the information of every one this Committee deem it 
proper to state as briefly as possible the leading facts which have given 
rise to this excitement. 

When the circular of this Committee, under date of the 19 th ult. was 
issued, information of an unquestionable character had been received here, 
as to the marching of soldiers from Bexar, in some short period, within the 
limits of the colonies. The object appeared to be the apprehension of cer- 
tain citizens, among them Don Lorenzo de Zavala, now a citizen of Texas, 
was particularly designated and aimed at. This gentleman had come to 
Texas, as to an asylum from the persecution of the present administration 
of Mexico. His offence we know not, except that he is the known friend 
of free institutions. This distinguished man, the authorities of Texas have 
been arbitrarily required by military mandate to surrender into the hands 
of general Cos, who, in his zeal to secure the person of this patriotic and 
virtuous citizen, actually issued an order some time since, addressed to 
colonel Ugartechea, commandant at Bexar, to march into the colonies and 
take him, at the risk of losing all the force he should employ. The mere 
intimation of such an order would be an evident disrespect to the citizens 
of Texas, but the issuing of it, with the correspondent threats of colonel 
Ugartechea of putting it into execution, is at once an open outrage upon 
the civil authorities of Texas, and upon the Constitution. But what is of 
most importance, such proceedings serve plainly to show us all, what kind 
of government; the present reformers in Mexico are aiming to subject us 
to — which is the government of the bayonet, and the regulation of all the 

1 Printed handbill. 



148 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

affairs of Texas by military power, regardless of the Constitution, of the 
civil authority, and of all the legally vested, equitable, and natural rights 
of the people of Texas. 

That such is the real and ultimate object of the military power now 
reigning in Mexico, and that the reasons assigned for the present hostile 
movements are nothing but mere pretexts to cover the main objects, and 
thus fill the country with troops, is clear and evident; but should there still 
remain doubts on the mind of any person, let him weigh and maturely con- 
sider the following facts, and draw his own conclusions. 

The Constitutional Governor of the State, Viesca, and also another gov- 
ernor, Falcon, who had been constitutionally installed to succeed Viesca, 
have been deposed by the military at Monclova. The state authorities were 
imprisoned, and a governor appointed by the acting president of the gen- 
eral government of Mexico. This is evidently an act of military usurpa- 
tion and despotism, and the state of Coahuila and Texas is at this time 
without any constitutional or legal government at all, and the people of 
every part of the state, and those of Texas in particular, are left at full 
liberty to provide for themselves as they may deem best. 

But a more general, though succinct view of matters, is necessary for a 
full and proper understanding of this subject. 

A disastrous and ruinous civil war was kindled in 1832, by means of an 
insurrection against the Bustamante administration, and general Santa Anna 
was placed at its head. The avowed object of this insurrection was to 
protect the federal system, and sustain the Constitution of 1824, which, it 
was then alleged, was attacked and endangered by the measures and pro- 
jects of the Bustamante administration. On this principle the people of 
Texas supported general Santa Ana to defend the Constitution of 1824, 
and the federal system. This general was enthusiastically supported by 
every liberal and free Mexican, and by the friends of the federal system 
in every part of the nation. With this support he triumphed. He became 
the man of the people — the protector of the federal system — the oracle of 
public opinion — the arbiter of the nation's political destinies. How has 
he used this power, thus acquired? Let the military despotism now en- 
throned in Mexico upon the ruins of the federal system — let the friends of 
this system, who are now groaning in prisons or wandering in exile — let 
the Constitution of 1824, which still raises its dying voice from beneath 
the feet of military usurpation — let the free and impartial in Mexico and 
in the whole civilized world give the reply. They all say, he used it to 
destroy what he avowed he had taken up arms to protect; he used the 
federal party as blind instruments to destroy the federal system; he aban- 
doned his federal friends who had given him power, and united with the 
military, ecclesiastical and central party, against whom he took up arms 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 149 

in 1832. The same party is now governing in Mexico, and they say to the 
people of Texas, in the language of friendship and persuasion — in that of 
sugar-plums and honey, that in the new Constitution, or central govern- 
ment that is organizing in Mexico, guarantees shall be given to the people 
of Texas, their rights shall be protected and secured, and they are told that 
the government expects from their "docility" a submission to all the re- 
forms and alterations that may be agreed to by the majority of the nation. 
See the official letter of the Minister of Relations, a translation of which 
is published at the end of this paper, numbered I. But who compose, and 
what is this majority of the nation spoken of by the minister, and how are 
these reforms to be effected? It is composed of the same military power 
before spoken of, who have assumed the voice of the nation, and have sup- 
pressed, by military influence, the expression of public opinion; and the 
reforms are to be effected by unconstitutional means; a sufficient proof of 
which is, that the present Congress in Mexico, who was elected with con- 
stitutional powers alone, have, by their own act, declared themselves to be 
invested with the powers of a national convention, to frame a new constitu- 
tion, or reform that of 1824 as they think proper. 

What is here meant by "reforming'' the Constitution of 1824, may be 
clearly deduced by the "reform" of the militia made by this same general 
Congress. This "reform" reduced the militia of the States to one militia- 
man for every five hundred inhabitants, and disarmed all the rest. The 
people of Zacatecas resisted this iniquitous law, but were unfortunate and 
compelled, for the time being, to submit to the military power of the re- 
former: so that, in fact, "reform" means destruction. 

From this condensed view of the past let every impartial man judge for 
himself what degree of faith or credit ought to be given to the professions 
of the present government of Mexico, and ask himself whether a subtle 
poison may not be concealed in the sugar-plums, or a sting in the honey, 
that is now offered to the "docile," people of Texas. 

But, in addition to this general view of matters, information of the most 
positive and unquestionable character is in the possession of this Com- 
mittee, that every possible effort is making by the government in Mexico 
to raise troops, money, and resources to fit out an expedition — an army of 
invasion against Texas. Infantry, artillery, and cavalry have been ordered 
from San Luis Potosi, Saltillo, and Tamaulipas; and all the disposable 
infantry at Campeche has also been ordered on to Texas by water, as it 
was supposed they would stand the climate better than other troops. Maga- 
zines of arms and ammunition are forming at Matamoras, Goliad, and 
Bexar, and the old barracks and fortifications at the latter place are re- 
pairing to receive a large force, In short, the common talk all over Mexico 
among the military is the invasion of Texas. 



150 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Now, if the present government of Mexico is sincere in its profession of 
liberal guarantees for Texas, why all this preparation for a military inva- 
sion? Why has general Cos marched with all the disposable force at 
Matamoras (about four hundred men) to Bexar, where he now is, accord- 
ing to last accounts? Can it be that the government, in its fatherly care 
for Texas, fears that there are servile slaves in this country, who will 
oppose liberal guarantees? Or is it that the promised guarantees, are only 
a cover and a false show, to quiet Texas until the general Government is 
prepared to give to it a military government. 

It is well known to all that the reforms spoken of by the minister, and 
now being made in Mexico, contemplate the abolition of the whole federal 
system, the establishment of a central or consolidated government, which 
is to absorb and swallow up all the powers and authorities of the nation: 
military commandancies will supply the place of the state governments, 
and the vested rights of Texas under the constitution and law of May 7, 
1824, are to be disregarded and violated. 

Ought, or can, or will the people of Texas submit to all this? Let 
each man study the subject, and answer for himself. If he will submit, 
let him go to the military power and prostrate himself. If he will not 
submit, let him give his answer from the mouth of his rifle! 

In regard to the present movements of the military, the letter from 
Gonzales, and extracts from other letters of unquestionable faith, [num- 
bered 2.] will inform the public. By these letters the people of Texas are 
informed that their fellow-citizens at Gonzales have been attacked — the 
war has commenced! They will also perceive that general Cos has arrived 
with reinforcement of troops, and is preparing for a campaign of exter- 
mination against the people of Texas. 

The head quarters of the ARMY OF THE PEOPLE for the present is 
at Gonzales. It is already respectable in numbers, and invincible in spirit. 

This Committee exhorts every citizen who is yet at home, to march as 
soon as possible to the assistance of his countrymen now in the field. The 
campaign is opened. Texas must be freed from military despots before 
it is closed. 

S. F. AUSTIN 
Chairman of the Committee 
of the Jurisdiction of Austin. 

San Felipe de Austin. October 3, 1835. 

No. 1 

Extract of an official letter from the Minister of Interior Relations of 
Mexico, to the Municipality of Gonzales. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 151 

"When the general Congress takes into consideration the reforms of the 
Constitution which have been requested unanimously by almost all the 
towns of the Republic, that august assembly will bear in mind the wants 
of the inhabitants of Texas, for the purpose of providing a remedy; and 
the government will very cheerfully co-operate in that object, by making 
the propositions which may most conduce to so laudable an end, reckoning 
always on the good sense and docility of the colonists, who, on adopting 
this for their country, subjected themselves to the alterations that, respect- 
ing the institutions, the majority of the nation may think fit to agree upon; 
which disposition the government is decided on supporting in fulfillment 
of its duty, as it is, also, of protecting all the inhabitants of the Republic, 
lovers of order, and of punishing those who foment sedition. 

signed "BONILLA" 

Dated Mexico, August 5, 1835 

No. 2. 

"Gonzales, September 30, 1835. 
Fellow-Citizens of San Felipe and La Baca, — A detachment of the Mex- 
ican forces from Bexar, amounting to about one hundred and fifty men, 
are encamped opposite us: we expect an attack momentarily. Yesterday 
we were but eighteen strong, to-day one hundred and fifty, and forces con- 
tinually arriving. We wish all the aid, and despatch, that is possible to 
give us, that we may take up soon our line of march for Bexar, and drive 
from our country all the Mexican forces. Give us all the aid and despatch 
that is possible. 

Respectfully, yours, 

Captain ALBERT MARTIN, 
R. M. COLEMAN, 
J. H. MOORE. 

Extracts from a letter, written by a gentleman of unquestionable veracity, 
dated La Bahia, October 1, 1836. 

"The Alcalde of Goliad was struck or whipped in the street by an officer, 
for not being able to get the carts ready as soon as he wanted them, to 
transport the arms, etc. to Bexar. A Mexican from Victoria was also in- 
sulted, as being one of the valientes of Guadalupe; the soldiers saying that 
it would be only a short time until they visited us, and helped themselves to 
what cash and other things we had. The new officers who came with the 
arms, said that, as soon as general Cos should reach Bexar, it would be the 
signal of march for San Felipe de Austin." 

"Cos is about to pass on to Bexar. He has a guard of thirty men with 
him, and the Morelos battalion of lancers is close at his heels. Cos has 



152 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

about $60,000 in specie, for the purpose of paying off the troops. He in- 
formed the Alcalde of the Nueces, that he intended to overrun Texas, and 
establish custom-houses and detachments of his army where he thought fit." 

A letter from Bexar says, "the people must either submit, or prepare for 
defence; as the intention is to march into the colonies, and regulate the 
land affairs, and a great many things, by military force; also, to clear the 
country of what they choose to call vagrants, etc." 

Information which is relied on, has been received from the interior, that 
the states of Zacatecas and Guadalaxara have risen and taken up arms in 
defence of the Constitution of 1824, and in support of the federal system; 
also, that there are insurrections in the state of Tamaulipas, in favor of 
the same cause; also, that the republican general, Juan Alvarez, has gained 
a victory over the government troops in the south of Mexico. 

All these, and all the freemen of Mexico, are now fighting for the same 
cause that the people of Texas are defending. It is the cause of freedom — 
it is holy and just, and must triumph. 

Austin to James Kerr 1 

San Felipe Oct. 3. 1835 
I have this moment rec d your letters dated 1 st instant — 
The communications which were taken yesterday by Mr Lightfoot, and 
today by Mr Perkins, will have informed you fully of the attack made on 
Gonzales, and that voluntiers from every part of this country have marched 
and are marching to that point, which is at present the general rendezvous 
of the army of the people — Expresses have been sent to Trinity and to 
Nacogdoches, and a large force is expected from that quarter — 

The campaign is opened, and it must not be closed untill Bexar is taken 
and all the military are driven out of Texas. 

A report reached here that the voluntiers from Colombia who were to 
rendezvous at Kerrs had been turned back, in consequence of news received 
by them from Matagorda — in consequence of which I dispatched an ex- 
press to Colombia on receipt of the news of the attack on Gonzales — I also 
dispatched the same to Matagorda, and yesterday to La Baca. 

Correct information, as to Cos's movements, and concert between Gon- 
zales and La Baca is very important — It is possible that Cos may attempt 
a forced march to this place from Goliad, in the absence of the men at 
Gonzales. 

It would be well to keep this idea in view and to obtain certain informa- 
tion, when he left Goliad, and where the Morelos Battalion have stopped — 
whether they went on to Bexar, or have remained at Goliad — I expect the 

1 From Army Papers, Texas State Library. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 153 

men from Harrisburg will be on by to-morrow or next day to this place, 
and unless otherwise advised they will continue on to Gonzales 

I regret that there are no Guns to be had in this quarter for the supply of 
Capt. Aliens company. There is public powder at Matagorda which you 
can get by applying for in my name to the committee of that place, as they 
informed me they would hold it subject to my order. 

I shall dispatch expresses with the information contained in your letters, 
to every part of the upper and eastern country. I presume you have of 
course informed them in Matagorda and Bay Prairie from which it will go 
to Colombia. 

There are some who will not yet believe that Gen 1 - Cos has come on — 
send all the positive information you can on this subject in a letter signed 
by James Kerr, John Alley, George Sutherland, or some others who are 
well known, in order that it may be printed with the signatures — 

The printing press will be ready to print in this place to-morrow — you 
can therefore send me what you wish to have published — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 
To James Kerr and John Alley — 

Colonel Ugartechea to Austin 1 

Bexar 4 th Oct 1835 
Stephen F. Austin Esq r - 
My worthy friend, 

I have just received your letter of the 15 th ult. and am glad to learn your 
happy arrival at S Felipe; the more so, as I believe that your presence, 
and the direct influence, which as a good Mexican you should exercise in 
the affairs of Texas, will cause them to be managed with the skill and cir- 
cumspection required by the present delicate circumstances, which have 
been rendered important by the excitements of the enemies of order, whose 
proceedings with which I believe you are well acquainted, have induced 
the supreme Government, who abounds in resources, to adopt measures lit 
to procure a permanent and firm peace in that interesting part of the Re- 
public, without leaving unfinished — crimes and abominations. In the 
understanding therefore that you are well acquainted with the events that 
have happened previous to your arrival. I shall only give a sketch of the 
principal ones, that you may be convinced of the necessity and justice of 
the measures which have caused so much alarm and given rise to sinister 
interpretations. 

You cannot be ignorant of the outrage committed at Anahuac against 
the detachment placed there under the orders of Cap 1 - Antonio Tenorio, of 

1 From Lamar Papers, Texas State Library. 



154 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

i 

which the force was so small as to be barely sufficient to fulfil its object of 
preventing the smuggling, which to the notorious prejudice of the national 
revenue and with such frequency was carrying on at Galveston measures 
which ought not to have caused the Colonist to entertain apprehensions of 
another nature. Neither can you be ignorant that when the State Legisla- 
ture was dissolved, those who are discontented with the present Govern- 
ment, or rather, the parties interested in the Decree for alienating 400 
leagues of Texas, proceeded to the interior (Texas) there propagating 
alarming reports for the purpose of kindling the torch of discord and in 
a direct manner bringing about in San Felipe [rebellion] against public 
faith and all right, the intercepting opening and publishing of the official 
and very confidential correspondence addressed to said Cap*- Tenorio, 
after having arrested, molested outraging the soldiers who were the bearers. 
If such proceeding were to remain unpunished, it would be believed that 
the Mexican Nation is unjust, or perhaps that she wanted force and energy 
sufficient to make herself respected. She therefore considered herself in 
the necessity of proving the contrary and of adopting with regard to the 
delinquents and only with regard to them, measures, which by no means 
made connexion with the good and peaceable inhabitants of Texas. This 
has been repeatedly manifested to them by myself and the Commandant 
General to the political Chiefs of Nacogdoches and Brazos although un- 
happily without effect, on the contrary it appears that such manifestations 
have been viewed with contempt, without viewing the Mexicans are pa- 
tient of suffering, but valient, full of honor and capable of making their 
Government be respected then the Commandant General suspended the 
march of troops in order to do away with apprehension and show that he 
had no distrust of the good sentiments of the Colonists provided the delin- 
quents were delivered up for trials by the competent authority, fresh mo- 
tive occurs for supposing that there exists strong intention of provoking a 
disastrous war, which it is important in time to prevent. When the authori- 
ties of Gonzales were repulsed by this Political Chief to deliver the piece 
of artillery lying there, as it had been lent to the "empresario" of that 
Colony by my predecessor and it belongs to this military jurisdiction, 
those authorities not only refuse to deliver it up but say they will give it 
up to force only. Such conduct placed me under the necessity of sending 
a party of 100 men to exact their delivery and I gave orders to the Com- 
mander to send a new communication to the Alcalde of Gonzales, mani- 
festing to him the injustice of wishing to detain an article which does not 
belong to that municipality, and that if against expectation he did not de- 
liver up the gun, the said commandant was then to employ force, Either 
from fear or malice, the Alcalde of Gonzales aware that it was an outrage 
to arrest the corporal and soldiers who were the first bearers of the com- 
munication from the political Chief, caused the inhabitants residing on 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 



155 



this side of the river to leave their houses, allarmed the Citizens and in 
order to impede the passage of the troops withdrew to the other side the 
ferry in canoes, so that when the commander of the party arrived on the 
banks of the river he was met by that obstacal, Notwithstanding which, 
he solicited an interview — with the Alcalde but in vain altho he was in- 
formed that within three hours he would come, not being in town, when 
that time expired the next Regidor made his appearance and made known 
that he had to consult with the Political Chief of the Brazos and without 
his sanction he could not, nor would not deliver up the cannon, I was 
informed of this occurrence and then ordered the commandant of the party 
to withdraw, in the belief that on the political Chiefs answer the gun would 
be delivered up, so far from that however, the inhabitants of the town act- 
ing on the wrong belief that the troops retired thro fear came out, pass the 
river and committing the outrage of attacking the party and intimating 
surrender to the Commandant. A report was made to me of that event and 
that besides the Citizens of Gonzales 300 men from San Felipe had collected 
and as I did not wish to see that small force compromitted, I ordered it to 
withdraw, and shall march tomorrow with the knowledge of the Com- 
mandant General with a force of every discription of arms, sufficient to 
prove that the Mexicans can never suffer themselves to be insulted. 

There are in the Colony some individuals, who, like yourself know me 
to be frank in my proceedings, and also that I possess the character and 
energy characteristic of my country. I may therefore assure you that if 
you make use of your influence with the political Chief to have the gun 
delivered up to me, wherever it may meet me, from that spot I will return 
immediately, if not I will act militarily and the consequence will be a war 
declared by the Colonists, which shall be maintained by the Government 
of the nation with corresponding dignity. 

I know you are right to complain of Thompsons proceedings, which I 
do not approve much less as they are arbitrary, and having no authority 
for acting in such a manner but some sacrifice is requisite in favor of 
peace, which, if it disappear from Texas, will be caused only by the 
oposition of the colonists to what is just, and I am convinced of your good 
sentiments in favor of your adopted Country, notwithstanding your suffer- 
ings and have not doubt that in favour of this country you will continue 
to make fresh sacrifices and cooperate effectually in removing the evils 
which threaten, for which important purpose you may rec[k]on upon me 
for the use of my influence with the Supreme Government and with the 
Commandant General, and I can assure you if peace should be sincerely 
established and unalterably so, the introduction of troops into those de- 
partments will be dispensed with, 

I am your friend likewise a friend to the Colonist, if I have been some- 
times obliged to fight with them, it was an absolute fulfilment of my duty, 



156 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

but in personalities I have always treated them like a Gentleman, both 
before and after fighting with them, I have observed the same conduct 
with as many as have entered into this city, where they still remain, not- 
withstanding they have not behaved well in Gonzales towards the 
Mexicans. 

In a P. S. to your letter which I now answer you say you enclose a 
paper, which I have not received, I know that the said paper is in circu- 
lation in your department, and that in it you strongly recommend peace 
and due gratitude to the Supreme Government avail yourself of some 
opportunity for forwarding it to me and in the mean while 
I remain your attached Friend etc 

Domingo de Ugartechea 

A true copy of the original, which I certify Bexar 4 th Oct 1835 

Edward Gritten to Alcalde of Gonzales 

To the Alcalde, Ayuntamiento and People of Gonzales. 
Fellow Citizens, 

Mr. Anderson, (accompanied by Col Ugartechea's confidential Secre- 
tary, Lieut. Rada, as Commissioner) , proceeds to your place, as bearer of 
a communication from the Colonel, and also of the correspondence of, and 
with, Col n - Austin, of which I annex translations for your information and 
government. Mr Anderson will give you necessary and important intelli- 
gence, and to him I refer. I have to observe that I have become security 
to Col. Ugartechea for the safety and treatment of his secretary. 

Col. Ugartechea has requested me to say to you, that this place is free 
and open as ever for the Americans to come in and go out unmolested, the 
same as before, and for the purposes of trade. He also desires to assure 
you that he will receive, with satisfaction and safe treatment, any person 
you may choose to send to him: and to have no distrust of his intentions, 
or word of honor. 

Wishing you cordially well; and with the sincere and prompt tender of 
my services when necessary, I remain Fellow Citizens your mo. obt. Servt. 
and friend 

Edward Gritten [Rubric] 

Bexar, 4 th Octr. 1835 

P. S. Col. Ugartechea and Lieut. Rada assured me that there are three 
regiments at Saltillo, whose further progress has been suspended by Gen- 
eral Cos, in the expectation that an amicable adjustment of the present 
difficulties with the Colonies will be effected. 5 th Oct r - 

Edward Gritten [Rubric] 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 157 

Thomas F. McKinney to James F. Perry 

Quintana, 4 th - Octo 1835 
Mr. James F. Perry 

Dr. Sir will you try and get Greenvill McNeil to attend at Brazoria and 
goe yourself to Columbia and get things as well arranged as possible I 
feel no doubt of our success here and will leave no stone unturned which 
can be honestly turned to succeed in our purpose you have had much 
trouble and it will be hard for you to goe to Columbia but you can do 
much good there and Greenville can in Brazoria, we will send such 
things as we can make out here for the Col but they are few and then will 
notify you of them 

Thos. F. McKinney [Rubric] 

If no persons are appointed to hold the elections they may have none 
and thus defeat us see this attended to and hold an election at all hazards. 

McK 
we will send every thing in the way of bedding etc which the Col want[s] 
provision such as we have have no rice shovel tongs and guns 

[Addressed:] Mr. James F. Perry Peach Point 

Austin to Committees of Nacogdoches and San Augustine 1 

Committee room of the Committee 
of safety of the jurisdiction of Austin 
San Felipe de Austin Oct. 4, 1835 

War is declared against military despotism — Public opinion has pro- 
claimed it with one united voice — The campaign has opened. The mili- 
tary at Bexar have advanced upon Gonzales. General Cos has arrived and 
threatens to overrun the country. 

But one spirit, one common purpose, animates every one in this depart- 
ment, which is to take Bexar, and drive all the military out of Texas, be- 
fore the campaign closes. 

There are about three hundred volunteers at Gonzales at this time, and 
will be upwards of five hundred in a few days. 

It is confidently believed in this quarter that the people of the depart- 
ment of Nacogdoches will turn out and join the army of the people now in 
the field and facing the enemy. 

Arms and ammunition are needed; we have more men than guns. Could 
not some muskets be procured from the other side of the Sabine? This 
committee will contribute, and is responsible that the people here will do 
the same, to pay a full proportion of the expense. This is all important — 

Autograph draft by Austin. 



158 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

a few wagon loads of muskets and fixed ammunition would be of the ut- 
most service at this time. Could not volunteers also be had from the 
United States? Our cause is one that merits the moral and physical aid of 
a free and magnanimous people, and those who now step forward, may 
confidently expect that Texas will reward their services. 

That distinguishd and virtuous patriot Don Lorenzo de Zavala formerly 
governor of the State of Mexico, and late minister to France has just ar- 
rived from his residence on San Jacinto, and is now here at the residence of 
the chairman of the committee. He is a citizens of Texas, and enters fully 
and warmly in the cause of the people, approves very much of the position 
they have taken against military despotism, and of the circular of this 
committee of the 19 th ult. 

This committee relys on you to forward copies of this communication 
to San Augustin and the other committees in that quarter, and also to send 
the inclosed papers to some parties in the U. S. (circulars of this com- 
mittee of the 19 th ult. and 3 October and public proceedings of other com- 
mittees), for publication, in order that the public may be generally in- 
formed of the present state of affairs in Texas. 

An express has been sent to San Jacinto and Trinity, it would however 
be important for that committee to communicate with the people of Trinity 
and Bevils Settlement, as it inspires confidence to know that the whole 
country is acting in union and with one and the same spirit and one pur- 
pose — This, as I before observed, is to take Bexar, and drive the military 
out of Texas before the campaign closes. 

S. F. Austin Chairman of Com. 
To the Committee of Safety of Nacogdoches and San Augustin 

Austin to Committee of Harrisburgh 1 

Committee Room of the Jurisdiction of Austin. 

San Felipe 4 October 1835. 

The inclosed printed circular will inform the people in that district of 
the present posture of affairs — 

War is declared — public opinion has proclaimed it against Military 
despotism — The campaign has commenced — The Military have ad- 
vanced to Gonzales — Gen 1, Cos has arrived and threatens to overrun the 
country — But one spirit and one purpose animates the people of this 
part of the country, and that is to take Bexar, and drive the Military out of 
Texas. 

It is now hoped that every man will maturely study this subject, and 
make up his mind, and act according to the dictates of his own judgement. 

iFrom Army Papers, Texas State Library. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 159 

A combined effort of all Texas would soon free our soil of Military 
despots — we should then have peace, for the present Gov L of Mexico have 
too much to do at home to sustain themselves against the attacks of the 
friends of the constitution of 1824, who are now in arms in Zacatecas and 
other places, to send another army to Texas. 

This committee hopes that you will send an express to Trinity with 
copies of this communication, and with the inclosed printed papers. 

S. F. Austin Chairman of Com. 

To the Committee of Safety of Harrisburgh 

Austin Recommends Post Office Department 

During the present interesting period in the affairs of Texas, it is very 
evident that facility of communication between the different sections of the 
country is all important; indeed it is always so, but at this time the best 
interest of the cause of the people clearly requires, that there should be a 
regular mail between this country and the United States frontier, by way of 
Harrisburg, Liberty and Nacogdoches, as well for the purpose of com- 
munication with the people of the latter places, as also for that of inform- 
ing our friends and brethren in the United States, of the interesting events 
now passing in Texas — events which can not fail to enlist the moral and 
physical aid of the free and magnanimous of all nations. 

Mail routes to Velasco, Matagorda, Washington, Bastrop, Gonzales and 
other places are equally important, and are also recommended to be estab- 
lished as soon as the funds of the department will be sufficient to defray 
the expenses. 

Animated by these considerations of public good, the committee of Vigi- 
lence of Austin recommend. 

1 st - The establishment of a provisional post Office department, and that 
John Rice Jones, whose well known integrity and long experience as post 
master in the United States, eminently qualifies him for such a station, be 
placed at the head of it. 

2nd. That a general subscription be opened and put in circulation 
under the superintendance of said director, to raise funds to defray the 
expenses of carrying weekly mails, Commencing with that to the Sabine 
above mentioned, and extending it to other places as soon as the resources 
of the department will permit. 

3rd. That, in order, to insure system, and a correct administration of this 
important department, the director be invested with full powers to make 
provisional rules and regulations, and fix the rate of Postage on letters and 
papers, that are not on public service; and to appoint such post masters 



160 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

at the different places where they may be necessary. But such appoint- 
ments are always to be made in conformity with the recommendation of 
the committee of Correspondence of said places. 

4 th - That it be the duty of said director to keep an exact account of all 
the receipts and disbursements of the department and to make all contracts 
for carrying the mail, and generally to superintend and direct everything 
connected with the department — he being liable always to render an ac- 
count of his acts to the competent authority when one is established by the 
people of Texas. It being understood that the private subscriptions are to 
be refunded whenever the funds of the department will permit. 

5 th - That said director correspond with all the committees of safety of 
Texas on this subject without delay; requesting their co-operation, and 
transmitting to them, copies of this proceeding 

Committee Room Oct 4 th 1835 

Election Returns for Members of the Constitution 

Election 25 th Sept. Election 5 th Oct. 

Whole no. taken at Brazoria — 

W™- H. Wharton 74 

Henry Smith 83 

B. T. Archer 96 

W. D. C. Hall - 73 

Jno. A. Wharton 88 

J. S. D. Byrom 104 

Ed. Waller 75 

P. W. Grayson 32 

J. G. McNeel . ._._.__ 29 

J. F. Perry 31 

Ed Andrews 19 

B. F. Smith 23 

Jno Rees 11 

Austin to David G. Burnet 1 

San Felipe Oct. 5, 1835 
Mr friend — All goes well and gloriously for Texas — the whole country 

is in arms and moved by one spirit, which is to take Bexar and drive all 

the military out of Texas — This is as it should be — No half way measures 

now — war in full 

I hope you will enter ardently and warmly in the cause — Now is the 

time — no more doubts — no submission — / hope to see Texas forever free 

^From Texas State Library. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 161 

from Mexican domination of any kind — It is yet too soon to say this pub- 
lically — but that is the point we shall aim at — and it is the one I am aiming 
at — But we must arrive at it by steps. And not all at one jump — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric.] 
[Addressed:] D. G. Burnet Esq r - San Jacinto. 

P. W. Grayson et al. to Austin 

Gonzales October 6 th 1835 
12 o'clock at night 
Dr. Col w - 

You will receive important dispatches by the Bearer that Col Ugar- 
tachea and probably Gen 1 - Cos — are now on their march here, with all 
their forces to take the Gun if it is not delivered — You will see by Ugar- 
tachea's letter to you, he proposes a sort of compromise. That will give 
us an opportunity to entertain him a little while, upon the Suggestion that 
you are sent for, until we can get in more men. We who subscribe this, re- 
quest you earnestly to come on immediately, bringing all the aid you pos- 
sible Can — we want powder and lead. Do all you can to send on instantly 
as much as possible. 

P. W. Grayson J. W. E. Wallace 

Pat C. Jack Jno. J. Linn 

J. W. Fannin Jr. S. R. Miller 

Thos. P. Gazsley A. Pollard 

[Addressed:] Col. Stephen F. Austin at San Felipe de Austin. 

Josiah H. Bell to Austin 

Columbia Oct 6 th 1835 
Dear Sir 

We heare nothing that we Can rely on relative to the Expedition against 
St Antonia and feel very anxious on that affair — it is rumored here that 
they have had an engagement at Gonzallas and that Cos is in St Antona 
with a large force all of which we know nothing as to the facts it is also 
rumered that they are perparing a decent on the mouth of this river by 
watter with a forse of 2000 men all of which is only rumer — should that 
be the Case is not the Co[a]st Country in a defenseless situation as it is left 
bearer of men than any other part of the Country and intirely destitute 
of armes — if you know any thing of the true state of things do let us 
know as spedly as possible should we have an attact by watter with our 
Slave popalation among us as it is would we not be much Exposed would 
it be prudent for any more men to leave the lower Country in the present 



162 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

state of things or not — do inform us of Everything you Can by Every 
opertunity we wish to do for the best in all cases and is only at a loss to 
know what is best do not omit any oportunity of righting and if any thing 
occurs send an Express let us know how many men is out and what is the 
proble amt of the Enemy — and all other things Connected with our intrust. 

Myself and famaly are some better in health than when you last heard 
from us — 

J. H. Bell 

[Addressed:] Col. Stephen F. Austin or P. W. Grayson St Filepe 

Thomas J. Pilgrim to Austin 
» 

Columbia Oct 6 th - 1835 
Col Austin 

Dr Sir 

I staid last night at Mr Perrys and all were quite well except Eliza who 
has been quite sick but is now nearly recovered. Much excitement is now 
felt in this sction in consequence of a report that 2000 troops are to land 
in a few days at the mouth of the Brazos. The origin of this report was a 
letter written by Samuel Powell to his mother assuring her that it was an 
unquestionable fact and cautioning her to be prepared for the worst. There 
are many here still, who are willing to march to the assistance of their 
countryman at Gonzales, did they think it prudent for any more to leave. 
Is there not at any rate a strong probability that a descent may be made 
upon this coast should they know it to be unprotected? And would it not 
be prudent that a portion of our forces should stay to defend it in case of 
necessity? Would there not be great danger from the Negroes should a 
large Mexican force come so near? Your information on this subject is 
doubtless much better than ours and your opinion would be listened to 
with much confidence and satisfaction. The most vulnerable point should 
certainly be the best protected one — did we know where that is, I am con- 
fident we would hasten to it. Many false rumors are in circulation, it is 
important to know the truth as near as possible. 

T J. Pilgrim 

Stephen F Austin 

Doctors William P. Smith, Thomas P. Gazley et al. to J. H. Moore 

Gonzales Oct. 7 th 1835 
To John H. Moore Commanding Col. 

You are hereby requested to accept the medical services of the under- 
signed, who without any distinction of grade, have with a special eye to 
the good of their country, constituted themselves a board for the volunteer 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 163 

army of Texas — With sentiments of high consideration we subscribe our- 
selves yours sincerely. 

William P. Smith T. Kenney 

Thos. P. Gazley Joseph E. Field 

Amos Pollard 

Ugartechea to Alcalde of Gonzales 

Comendancia Principal 
De Coahuila y Texas 

Ya en marcha para esa Villa recivi orden del Sor. Comandante General 
de estos Estados Dn. Martin Perf to de Cos para suspenderla hasta su lle- 
gada a esta Ciudad la qe. se verifico el dia de ayer, en cuya fecha recivi la 
nota de V. de 7. del corriente. 

Beo por ella qe. solo se espera la llegada del Sor. Austin para resolver 
sobre la entrega del canon, conforme hice veer a esa Municipalidad, era 
conveniente se verificase por las razones qe. patentize en la comunicacion 
dirijida con el Sor Anderson; las qe. ciertam te bastaban para quitar 
temores y recelos y poner en libertad a los Soldados presos. A pesar de 
todo convengo en la espera q. V. propone, y esto comprobara q. nunca se 
ha intentado invadir, y solo hacer efectiva la adquisicion de la presitada 
pieza de Artilleria, ademas qe. con el ingreso a esa Villa quedaran halla- 
nadas todas las dificultades y equibocos padesidos por la exaltacion de los 
sugetos q. V. indica en su comunicacion, mucho mas si el Sor Austin a quien 
V. pueda proponerselo se resuelve a pasar a esta Ciudad a conferenciar 
con el Sor. Comandante General, y tal vez de este modo quedara todo ter- 
minado satisfactoriam te ' y espero q. en el entre tanto se pondran en lib- 
ertad a los Soldados detenidos en esa. 

Admita V. las protestas de mi concideracion y aprecio Dios y Libertad. 
Bejar 8 de Octubre de 1835. 

Domingo de Ugartechea [Rubric] 
Sor. Alcalde Constl. de 
la Villa de Gonzales 

Jose Antonio Mexia to Austin 

Sr. D. E. F. Austin 

Nueva Orleans Octubre 8/35 
Querido y buen amigo 

Las persecuciones de Mexico han traido rodando por aqui, al Padre D. 
Jose Maria Alpuche dador de esta. Su genio independiente y su adhecion 
a la causa federal, no menos que sus relaciones con el Sr. Zavala, lo llevan 
a Texas para respirar en ella el aire suave de la libertad. Se lo recomiendo 



164 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

a V. mucho y le ruego que lo introdusca con sus amigos, en la serteza de que 
solo tiene de sacerdote catolico el ser esa su profecion y aquella parte de 
buen juicio que se halla rara vez entre los que visten su ropage. El mismo 
impondra a V. de lo que se hace y piensa por Megico y de las ideas de su 
afmo amigo 

Jose Antonio Mexia [Rubric] 

J. Antonio Padilla to Austin 

Sres. Dn. Lorenzo Zavala, y Dn Esteban F. Austin. Sn. Felipe 

Guadalupe Victoria Oct e - 8. de 1835. 

MUY RESPETABLES SRES: 

He visto una carta del Sr. Austin dirijida a Dn. Felipe Dimitt en que 
hace un recuerdo de mi persona, y sin embargo de considerarme inutil 
para todo, me resolvi inmediatamente a unirme a la division mas inme- 
diata. 

Asi lo logre el dia de ayer incorporando a la que manda el Sr. Colins- 
worth y anoche tomamos posesion de esta Villa sin oposicion. En esta 
Division me he presentado como el ultimo soldado de la milicia civica de 
Texas en defenza de la constitucion, y de las leyes. Mi testamento esta 
hecho: y es este: Demasiado he vivido: mucho he padecido: es desagradable 
vivir bajo el yugo militar: si muero, mi hijo de 16 anos vengara mi sangre. 

Esto es todo lo que por ahora tiene que exponer a VV. su mas humilde 
servidor, y atento amigo Q. B. S. M. 

J. Antonio Padilla [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Sr. Corl. Dn Esteban F. Austin. San Felipe. 

G. M. COLLINSWORTH TO AUSTIN 

Guadaloupe 12 o'Clock Oct 8 th 1835 
In Camp — 
Col S. F. Austin 

Dear Sir I have this day stoped an Express directed to you from Martin 
Perfecto de Cos which I deemed of Some importance to our Movements, 
Consequently have taken the liberty of opening the Same, and have Re- 
sealed and dispatched with all possible Speed — we Shall Enter Laberdee 
[La Bahia, Goliad] to Night or tomorrow, there is from 60 to 100 troops 
in that place I have under My charge 47 Good and Effective men which 
I think all Sufficient to take that place, from whence if I have No advice I 
Shall direct My March to Bexar, I also inclose you a letter from the 
Custom House at Goliad to Mr Dimmet, without a Signature In hast your 
obt Servant 

Geo. M. Collinsworth, Capt. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 165 

[Enclosure] 

Goliad Octe. 7. de 1835 
Sor. D. Felipe Dimit 

Mi estimado amigo: recebi la apreciable de V. de 28. del ppdo. Set r - y 
como buen patriota tuve mucho gusto y tome el Brindis qe. me indica. 
No puedo ser mas largo en virtud de qe las circunstancias pr. aqui estan 
muy delicadas, la agradecere a V. me mande 500. puros y qe. ordene lo 
qe. guste a su afmo amigo sego. servor Q. B. S. M. 

P. D. El portador sigue a S. Felipe con un oficio p a - D. Estevan Austin. 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin 

Oct 8 th 1835 
Committee Room San Felipe de Austin 
Col. S. F. Austin, 

Sir — 
This is to notify you, that by the returns made to the committee of Austin 
you are elected a delegate to represent this Jurisdiction in the general Con- 
sulation to convene on the 15 th instant. 

G. Borden Jr 
Chairman pro tern 
of the Committee of Safety. 
[Addressed:] Col. S. F. Austin Army of Texas. 

Permanent Council 1 to People of Texas 

CIRCULAR 

From the Committee of Safety of the Jurisdiction of Austin 

Co^imittee-room, San Felipe 

De Austin, October 8, 1835, 
12 O'clock at Night. 
The committee of Safety for the Jurisdiction of Austin, in conjunction 
with other committees in different parts of the country, say to their fellow- 
citizens: that 

The time has now arrived when it behooves every friend to his country 
to be up and doing. Intelligence of the most interesting and important 
character has just reached this Committee from the camp of our country- 
men. Colonel Ugartechea is on his march from Bexar with 500 men, to 

1 The "Permanent Council" was the representative executive committee which Austin 
established pending the meeting of the consultation. See Quarterly of the Texas 
State Historical Association, VII, 250-278. 



166 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

overrun our country. They come to fasten down upon our necks the yoke, 
and to rivet upon our hands the manacles of military servitude. Gonzales 
is doomed to the sword and the flame. Colorado will next be the theatre of 
blood and rapine — then the Brazos — till every spot of our rich and fertile 
country shall present to the eye but one wide scene of devastation, and we, 
the rightful proprietors, be driven from the soil which we have reclaimed 
by our toils and sufferings from a savage wilderness, and which we have 
made valuable by our labor and hardy enterprise. Shall we give up with- 
out a struggle, the fruits of so many years of danger, difficulty and un- 
paralleled suffering? Shall we surrender our country and our homes to 
a military usurpation? Are we willing to forego all the advantages held 
out to us as the recompense of the most daring enterprise? Can we let a 
military despot reap the harvest after we have sown the seeds? This Com- 
mittee are ready to answer for their countrymen; and they answer by call- 
ing upon them to come, and come quickly, to the assistance of their friends, 
their neighbours, and their brothers, three hundred of whom are already 
on the field — colonel Austin is with them. These have to contend with the 
whole of the Mexican army; but they will contend bravely; they will 
dispute every inch of ground with their invaders untill the expected aid 
shall arrive. 

GAIL BORDEN, JR. 
WM. PETTIS [Pettus]. 
JNO. H. MONEY. 

Members of the Com. of Austin. 
R. R. ROYALL, Member from Matagorda. 
ISAAC BATTERSON, Member from Harrisburg. 

Austin to Permanent Council 1 

Mosley's Oct. 8, 1335 
To the Council 

I recommend most particularly, that you send a confidential person up 
to Tenoxtitlan after the Cannon at that place and have brought down to 
Washington or San Felipe so as to be ready mounted for the Nacogdoches 
troops to bring on — they must not leave it — write in my name to T. F. 
McKinney to send up at any cost, all the lead and powder he can — 

If the cannon at Harrisburg can be got over, it would be well to do so 
it ought to be done — Every one must be active now 

S. F. Austin 

x Army Papers, Texas State Library. Austin was on his way to Gonzales to take 
command of the volunteers. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 167 

To Gail Borden and the Committee 

Send me some* sugar coffee and 4 quires paper and three or four sticks 
of sealing wax and some wafers — it is uncertain when I shall be back. 

Write by every opportunity to Nacogdoches and Ayish bayou — Lead — 
Lead we want Lead — let them know this at Nacogdoches There is some 
sealing wax in my black trunk I believe 

S. F. A. 

Gail Borden and other members. 

You might get some one from Coles' settlement to go for the Cannon at 
Tenoxtitlan I think Allcorn would go 

Send me a blank book that is in the red trunk — it is the one that I com- 
menced copying letters in, it is of foolscap paper — send all these by the 
first safe hand — also send me Cos's letter my answer and copy of my 
letter to Ugartechea it is in Spanish and also in the file — also Thomp- 
sons proclamation 2 it is in print and on file or in the paper case in one 
of the pigeon holes 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

also send me the proceedings of the first meeting at Colombia 15 Aug 1 - 
and the meeting at San Felipe 12 Sep 1 - I want the proceedings of the 
first meetings at Nacogdoches and San Agustin and all the other meetings 
in every place where they have resolved to support the constitution of 
1824 — Jack had the proceedings of San Agustin and Nacogdoches. 

S. F. A. 

N. B. By request of Austin [Bryan] you will send his shoes they are 
in his room — Mosley 

[Addressed:] Gail Borden and the Committee San Felipe 
San Felipe 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 9 th October 1835 
Dear Col. 

Your Express arrived from the Army at 10 oclock last night at 4 this 
morning Our Express left for Matagorda I sent Public and Private Letters 
to Excite the People to turn out, to send the rifle Powder and Lead in haste 
by Beason's as directed and the cannon will go as soon as Possible. I fear 
it cannot reach Beason's sooner than 14th or 15th But you may no doubt 

2 T. M. Thompson was an English commander of the Mexican war schooner Correo. 
The proclamation (July 26, 1835), warned colonists against organizing the militia. 
See Publications of Southern History Association, IX, 172 (May, 1905) for a copy 
of the proclamation. 



168 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Expect the Rifle Powder and some Lead soon. I have also sent for small 
Bar Iron for Slugs for the Cannon I think you may rely # upon Matagorda 
and also for some more men 

At 8 oclock this morning Our Express left for the East and the Bearer 
(Majr. Hadley) promised it should be in Nacogdoches, tomorrow night. 
We have only advised something on the Indian subject If necessary. I 
hope there is no fear from that quarter I here enclose Communication 
to the People Eastward and dont fear But In a Very short time all Texas 
will be on the Alert Majr Hadley took about 30 copies and six or Eight 
of Col. Moore's Letter we would willingly all turn out, If circumstances, 
would Permitt You may rely upon our cooperation in all things 

R. R. Royall [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Col. S. F Austin or Jno. H. Moore Comdt. Gonzales, 
favd. by Capt Scott 

A. W. Radcliff to Zavala 

[San Felipe, October 10, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Thomas F. McKinney 

San Felipe 10 th Oct. 1835 
T. F. McKinney 

Dear Sir 
Send to this place without delay all the powder and lead which you 
can spare. 

The committee and permanent council at this place will use their utmost 
faculties to have the canon from Harrisburg and Tenoxtitclan put in readi- 
ness and forwarded to the army of the people on the frontiers where a 
formadable attack is momentarily expected from Cos and Ugartichea. 

S. F. Austin 
by G. Borden Jr. [Rubric] 

Austin to Members of Consultation 

Gonzales. October 10 th 1835. 
I herewith enclose you the resolutions adopted by the members elect of 
the General Consultation and of the officers of the army of the people now 
at this place, by which the members of the consultation who meet on the 
18th [15th] will be informed of the wishes of those who are with the army 
and also of the officers. The recommendations contained in the resolutions 
were adopted after the most mature discussion with but one dissenting 
voice. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 169 

It is expected that a definitive organization of the army will take place 
today and that the line of March will be taken up tomorrow for Bexar. 

S. F. Austin 

Chairman of meeting 
To the members of the General Consultation who meet on the 15 Instant. 

[Resolutions] 

Resolved That the chairman of this meeting be instructed to address the 
members of the consultation, requesting all of them who can to repair to 
the Camp of the Volunteers armed and equipped for battle and when so 
assembled if war is necessary to aid in fighting the battles of the country — 
but if their services can be spared from the field to determine on holding 
the Consultation at such time and place as the majority of the members 
may agree upon. 

Resolved, That if any portion of the members of the convention meet at 
the time and place appointed and find it impracticable to repair to the 
camp as invited in the foregoing resolution that they be requested even if 
they amount to a quo[r]um to adjourn from day to day and suspend all 
action until the 1 st November 

Adopted— October 10. 1835 

James Kerr to Council of War 

Guadaloupe Victoria Octr 10 th 1835 
11 P. M. 1835 
To the Council of War at Gonzales 

This moment Col. Milam with an escort of a few men, bringing with 
them 3 officers passing from Goliad arrived here, bound for St Felipe — a 
copy of the following letter will elucidate the matter — 

"Goliad 8 oclock A.M. Octr 10 th 1835 
"To Captn Benj. Smith 
Dear Sir 

I arrived here last night at 11 Oclock and marched into the fort, by 
forcing the Church doors and after a small fight they surrendered with 
3 officers and 21 soldiers, together with 3 wounded and one killed — I had 
one of my men wounded in the shoulder — They have dispatched couriers 
for Troops to several points and I expect I shall need your aid, there is 
plenty of public horses near here, but I have not sufficient forces to send 
after them, and protect my self. 

Come on as speedily as possible 

Geo. M. Collinsworth." 



170 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

You will please communicate with Col. J. H. Moore on the subject of 
my letter and since the above was written I have been informed that 50 
Troops were expected today or tomorrow. Come on as speedily as possible 
for I never will give up the ship." 

G. M. C." 

On the arrival of Captn Smith and army yesterday at Burn's we were 
informed that Captn Collinsworth had passed this place at 11 clock A M. 
yesterday — For supplies the detatchment encamped for the night — This 
morning they crossed the Guadalope and pressd for La Bahia and no doubt 
will be there by 10 or 11 Oclock to morrow — John Linn and myself came 
via this place to hurry on supplies of Sugar and Coffee and will take on 50 
lb of Gun powder — to Goliad. The Battallion when formed in Goliad will 
be in need of Lead — I have been informed that the Martins of Gonzales 
have 300 lb of Lead at Dimmitts or Santa Anna; but the information is 
too uncertain for me to rely on so as to send for it — I shall send full copies 
of all this to the Committee of Correspondence at St Felipe — I presume to 
say that the 3 companies will form a Battallion and march for Bejar But 
of this movement you shall be further advised so as to produce concert of 
action. My opinion is that no time is to be lost as from Captn Collins- 
worths letter you will see that large reinforcements have Been now called 
for by Cos — When the Battalion is organised we will be 200 strong. The 
name of the Prisoners are Lt Col. Sandarval — Captn Sarriago — and En- 
sign Garza 

James Kerr 

[Addressed:] To the Council of War at Gonzales Texas from James Kerr. 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin 

Office 10 th Oct 1335 
Saturday Evening. 
Col. Austin 
Dear Sir 

Yours of the 8th written at Moseleys came to hand last evening. To dis- 
patch business I proposed to the Committee and council that Mr Givens and 
I would dispatch the articles which you sent for — and I would write to 
McKinney which I did in your name and my own. I believe we have sent 
you what you wanted and put up in as good order as circumstances would 
permit. 

Express was sent post haste to Nacogdoches. Mr. Batterson went to 
Harrisburg himself to bring Cannon. 

Committee and Council have also sent to Matagorda. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 171 

Supposing the Council have written you particulars I say no more on 
the subject of the express — 

We send you some new documents — And the letter from Cos and one 
from Padilla and another from Capt Collinsworth. 

Ought not Cos' two leeters be published as also your answer? If so, 
send them back the first opportunity, and all other matter which you 
wish published. Our paper did not come out till this evening. 1 Col Ward 
could not wait, and we have hired an express to carry the papers till his 
carriage is over taken. 

Though it is indispensable that I should devote most of my time in the 
land office yet I am willing to contribute what I can. 

Mr Baker says he ought to be in the Camp brother Tom says he also 
should be with you but indeed if they leave we never can get along with 
the paper which is of more importance than their services can be in the 
Camp 

They say it will be said, we do not turn out. But we work night and 
day — Mr Toy has scarcely slept for two night. 

You can represent the matter if you hear anything said. I shall en- 
deavor to prevent their going, for my maxim is Do the best for my coun- 
try, praise or no praise. 

G. Borden Jr. [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Col. S. F. Austin American Camp. Texas. 

George Antonio Nixon to Austin 

Nacogdoches oct 10, 1835 
Dear Sir 

yesterday arived Col Austins Letter giving the account of the Battle at 
Gonsalles, and a Printed hand Bill this semes to unite all 3 Dayes a Go 
we had a meeting at my house and we Subcribed 2100 Dollars to send in 
to Purchas Guns, 8 of us Subcribed 2000 and Last Night the Comitty met 
at my house and has Sant on Capt English to attand to the Purchas of 
arms, he Left hear at 10 oclock at Night and he Bars the Express con- 
taining Austens Letters So as, to have the Letters at San Auguteen by 
twelve oclock to Day, as thear is to Be a meeting thear, I have had a 
Part of the hand Bill translated and will have it Read to the Maxacans, 
yeasterday I had a taulk with with Col. Bean and he has promised me to 
try and Rase the Maxacans and go on with them, I have promised the 
Maxacans 500 Dollar in Cash and all my influance will be yoused to Git 
them — to unite and Joine the arme and at Present from what tauk I have 
had I am in Good hopes, to Day 35, or 40 San Auguteen trupe Leave 

a This was the first number of the Telegraph and Texas Register. 



172 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

hear for your assistance and about as maney more from this Place and I 
am informed that we may Count on a hundread more from San Auguteen 
and that Nabourhood thear is But one thing wanting hear to unite us all 
that is to Convince the Cheafe and I hope you will youse your influance 
with him and I wall No that all Depends on you and Gen Zavala for 
Zavala Can influance him and then all will Go in togather hart and hand 
So you and Zavala must Spar No Panes in this mater and the Cheafe Sayes 
he will Be with you in 4 Days from this time he also informed me to Day 
he will make a Short Stay in San Phillipia. I Give it as my advise that 
If you Can Git him to Joine you in opinion that you will Git him to wright 
and Sand his Letter By Express thear is a Bout 120 Good maxacans that 
will Joine the Cause when I Commenced these few lines I Entended to Be 
sent on to Dr Richerson and that he would Present It to you But suppos- 
ing him Gon on to Gonzalles I wright you 

Jorge Ant Nixon Sindfico] 

your Express in forming us of your Prospect of 2000 from N Orleans 
has just arrived and in a Bout 20 Minets Somthing like 100 man will Just 
march on hors Back I have Just Been Speaking with Mr Berrey and he 
for the first time has declard he will Sand an Express Back from San 
Phillipia, he Seemes to Be in favour so I hope you will have But Littel 
trubil in hast 

Jorge Ant Nixon Sind. 

[Addressed:] Col. Stephen F. Austin San Felipe de Austin 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 10 th October 1835 
Col. Austin and the Comdt. at Head Quarters. 

Your Letters have been received up to the time of Col Austins from 
Mosely's on the 8th Inst. We have sent copies of all Important news to 
Every Part of Texas which we thought necessary to Communicate with — 
By Doctr Wallace we wrote early this morning to McKinney and Committee 
of Columbia to day we send by Col Ward (who however will go slow) 
an address to the Committees and Volunteers Eastward Requesting him to 
Read it to all the Volunteers he may meet. 

The Cannon at Tinoxticlan we are Pretty well assured was Bursted by 
the men Out on the Indian Campaign. Early this morning Mr. Bartleson 
left for the Canon at Harrisburg and assures us it shall be on the way before 
tomorrow night. I would have written to the Committee at Columbia for 
one piece of Artilery But I am opposed upon the plea of the Insecure 
situation of that Country. If however you direct it they will send it. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 173 

I will Enquire as much as I can and If I find it not a fact that the Cannon 
at Tinoxticlan is Bursted will send for it with all dispatch. Majr Gray 
takes some Powder etc. — We Received a member from Trinity this morn- 
ing to the Council Pettus is a way and we cannot organize sooner than 
tomorrow though I have assumed the appearances all alone. 

R R Royall [Rubric] 

Member of the Council 
N B I wrote yesterday by Capt Scott. I hope the Powder cannon etc. 
will soon be on the way from Matagorda 

R R R 

Bartlett Sims to Robert Peebles 

[Gonzales, October 10, 1835. Wants land reserved.] 

P. W. Grayson to Austin 1 

Camp at Gonzales, October 11, 1835. 

Quarters of the Council of War — General S. F. Austin — Sir: I am in- 
structed to inform you that an order was on this day issued by this council 
calling on the captains of each company to hold an election for a com- 
mander-in-chief of the volunteer forces of Texas now assembled at this 
point That election was accordingly held at 4 o'clock P. M. of the present 
day, and that by the returns to this board of the election held in the dif- 
erent companies made by the captains thereof, it appears that you have 
been chosen without opposition commander-in-chief of the volunteer army 
of Texas now in the field. The members of this board take this occasion 
to congratulate you on the high office to which you have been called. Rely- 
ing in common with all their fellow-citizens upon the skill and courage 
with which you will endeavor to conduct the campaign to the desired result, 
I am with the highest respect your friend and fellow-citizen, 

P. W. Grayson President of the Council. 

True copy. William P. Smith, Secretary. 

Austin's Order Book for Campaign of 1835 

[Austin's Order Book is published in the Quarterly of the Texas State 
Historical Association, XI, 1-55. The dates included in the book are from 
October 11 to November 24, 1835.] 



1 From a printed copy. 



174 the austin papers 

Austin to San Felipe Committee 1 

LETTER FROM COL. AUSTIN 

Head Quarter, West Bank on the Guadalupe 
October 11, 1835 

Gentlemen, — On this day the volunteer troops of Texas will take up 
the line of march for Bexar. The whole number of the force does not 
exceed three hundred men. We have hopes to be joined by a part of the de- 
tachment at Goliad, as an express has been sent to them to join us on the 
road. But some casualty may prevent this, as captain Collinsworth has 
been ordered not to abandon the fort at that place. 

I have, therefore, to request that you will use every exertion to press on 
volunteers, who may come up with us in time to give us important, perhaps 
indispensable, aid in the attack of San Antonio. 

Fail not to use every possible exertion in this respect, I beseech you. If 
there is any intelligence of troops coming up from Nacogdoches, let an 
express be despatched to them immediately, begging them to hurry on by 
forced marches to join us, and not to stay for the Tenoxtitlan cannon, or 
for any thing. Let me request you further to send on, without delay, 
wagons, with what ammunitions you can procure for cannon and small 
arms — powder, lead, etc., also provisions, meal, beans, sugar and coffee, 
and whatever else you may judge necessary for the troops. 

I have to inform you that Goliad was taken by captain Collinsworth on 
the 8th inst. with a force of fifty men. 

Captains Smith and Alley marched from here previous to my arrival, 
with about one hundred and ten men, for Victoria, which, it was reported, 
had been attacked, and they have no doubt, formed a junction with captain 
Collinsworth. As many of this force only as can be spared, so as not to 
endanger the re-taking of Goliad, are expected by us; so that a reinforce- 
ment from that quarter is uncertain. 

S. F. Austin, Commander-in-chief . 

To the Committee of Safety, San Felipe. 

J. J. Linn to P. W. Grayson 
[Victoria, October 11, 1835. See Calendar.] 
1 Newspaper clipping. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 175 

McKlNNEY AND WlLLIAMS TO Mr. GRAY 

Quintana 11 Octo. 1835 
Mr. Gray 

Dr Sir The Schr. Lady Madison Capt. Robert D Moore was toed in 
this morning she has 7 Guns and ammunition on board which we or- 
dered by a request of the Committee of this Jurisdiction She also has 
on board 75 muskets and the necessary cartouch boxes the ballance of the 
muskets ordered will be here on the San Felipe which is hourly expected 
and perhaps is now off the Bar a vessel is in sight but a considerable 
distance off the San Felipe was to leave two days after Moore The Lady 
Madison is too small to entitle debenture goods to a draw back is the reason 
that the muskets did not all come on her, those that have come are amer- 
ican manufacture. We have received letters that are to be relied on that 
all we want for the country is ready at short notice. Vessels men and means 
if vessels are placed on a footing that they will be protected are at the dis- 
posal of Texas Anxiety indeed seems to prevail to embark You may if 
you choose publish the facts herein contained but connect them yourself 
and do not publish this hurried sketch with its imperfections yours — 

McKlNNEY AND WlLLIAMS [Rubric] 

P. S. Several large peices are ready and will be sent out on the San 
Felipe. McK and W 

[Addressed:] Mr. Gray Brazoria or any other persons 

James Kerr to 



N. B. at 6 — oclk. 11th Oct — an Express came from Capt — Collins- 
worth Expressing some fears of his situation — he say that — 

"There is of public Stoars about $10,000 — upwards of 300 stand arms 
and a number of public — stores" — I have returned the express with (I 
trust) satisfactory Information — Our detachment must have encamped 
with in 10 or 15 miles of Golia[d] last night — In addition I shall send 
Immediately to Smith and ally to press hard for La Bahia — Col Milam — 
Informs me that the troops Ordered on from Saltilleo had to return on 
account of Interior revolution — I have advised Col n Milam to go to Gon- 
zales with the prisoners as I feel confident Col n Austin will be there. 

Kerr 

Excuse haste — 

[Endorsed] : Post Script from Kerr 11. Oct 1835 



176 the austin papers 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

AT e _ . Goliad, 12 th of Octr 1835 

Mr. S. F. Austin 

Sir 

I wrote you this morning by Mr Zenteno, but owing to our disorganised 
state I have taken uppon my self to give you my opinion as one of the true 
friends to the tejano cause, I am one of the person that opposed our 
recognising the Counsel Boddy of war which is established at Gonzales, 
I want to obey the constituted authoritys of the people, say the boddy of 
safety at San Felipe, Sir the idy I have of the Country, I consieve that this 
point is all important to sustain — for those reasons We are immediately 
on the coast whear supplys can be had from any part of texes. 

2 nd We are immediately on the borders of the Mexican population 
whear we can have communication and remit into the interior any docu- 
ments we may wish to cause a reaction of revolution 

3 rd the Mexican Govt resorses are immediatly on the Coast they can- 
not get supplys unless they are in possession of this point and of course 
la Bejer most fall 

4 th I think this is the point you yourself should occupy, you are well 
aware the nearer you are to the Mexicans so much more is it important of 
your presents at this point, this is the mear advice of a friend and a sin- 
cere one personally, and one to his Country and its Cause, 

P. Dimitt 

[Addressed:] Mr. S. F. Austin Gonzalles 

Eli Mercer to Austin 

Egypt 12 th Oct 1835 
Dear Sir, 

I heard of your crossing Colorado, in company with a good number 
hope you are now at head quarter, assisting there, we rely with much con- 
fidence on the taking of Ugartechea Our numbers certainly are sufficiently 
Strong for 500 Mexicans. Please to recollect we have not a man to lose, 
but must calculate on gaining our Victories with out loss. I understand 
that Coss wrote you to San Felipe, requesting to See you in San an Tone; 
but I hope your prudence will dictate to you that if you See him it will 
be when he is a prisoner. I think if Coss and Ugartechea could be defeated 
and made prisoners, we would have time after that event to be in readi- 
ness for the next attack. I think the only chance in our situation is to fight 
them from the Brush, fight them from the Brush all the time; never take 
our Boys to an open fight our Situation will not admit of it. all must 
be deciplind before we can fight in the open field 

Eli Mercer 
[Addressed:] Col Austin, Gonzales Texas 



the austin papers 177 

Election Report 
[Volunteers at Goliad, October 12, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

[Goliad, Octobr 13, 1835. Glad Austin is Commander-in-Chief. En- 
dorses Jack's letter below.] 

William H. Jack to Austin 

Goliad, 13 th Oct 1835. 
D r Sir 

You will allow me to congratulate you, on the high command to which 
you have been called by the free and unbiased voice of your fellow-citizens. 
Rely upon it, Sir I conceive this appointment, to be fortunate for Texas. 
Because it will unquestionably have the effect of uniting all parties. 

You have been truly fortunate in your appointment of an adjutant Genl. 
for I conceive Col n Hall, to be one of the first military men in Texas; and 
I think his incorporation into your family will greatly promote the cause. 

The orders rec'd here this morning were not agreeable to a large major- 
ity of the men; but they almost unanimously determined to obey without 
a murmur. 

We are but illy supplied with stores of any kind, but immediate arrange- 
ments will be made to do the best we can. I flatter myself that the place 
will be dearly bought if the Mexicans ever regain it. 

You will pardon me for expressing my views and opinions to you freely, 
fully and frankly. It seems the army has left Gonzales for Bexar. I under- 
stand your force does not possibly exceed 400; I cannot conceive that it is 
seriously contemplated to attack Bexar with that number. The fate of 
Texas must not be risked upon one battle; unless the advantages are so 
decidedly in our favor, as to place the result beyond a Shadow of doubt. 

If the force of Cos be such as the statement furnished by Maj r - Smith 
Shews, they will be more than two to one against you; and though I have 
the utmost confidence in the firmness and bravery of our countrymen yet 
it is drawing too heavily on that confidence, to be willing to risk a general 
engagement, on which so much depends against such fearful odds. 

They have the numerical strength. They have artillery, cavalry, mus- 
kets, bayonets, lances, against all these you present a band (brave perhaps 
to a fault) of untrained militia, with such arms only as could be procured 
in the immediate emergency. 

The case being thus, I give it as my decided opinion, that an engagement 
ought not to be risked, unless success is next to certain. 



178 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Maj r - Smith shewed me y r - post script in which you express a desire to 
see me. At this particular crisis it would probably be unadvisable for me 
to leave. By your next express you can command me as I can then leave 
with propriety. 

You will be pleased to accept my assurances of highest regard 

W M - H. Jack 

[Addressed:] Stephen F. Austin Commander of Texas Army. 

Father Alpuche to Austin 

Quintana 13 de Octubre de 1835 
S. C. D. Estevan Felipe de Austin 
M. S. m. 

Tengo el honor de dirigir a V. esa y ofreserle mi inutilidad p a - cuanto 
la congetura util. 

Ayer alas 5„ de la tarde desembarcamos de Orleans en la san Felipe: mi 
venido es con obgeto a asuntos particulares con el S. Zavala, y con tal 
motivo, p r - las ultimas favorables resi[bi]das de Mejico, se me hicieron 
encargos graves e interesantes p a - V. el exercito y todo Tejas, qui p r - su 
gravedad no puedo fiar a la pluma, p r - los graves perjuicios que resulta- 
rian si esta llega a ser disgraciadamente interseptadas y solo lo hare, 
cuando V. me escriva a S. Felipe, p a - donde me embarco mafiana, con per- 
sona de su confianza: dicen que no esta Zavala en su Havitacion, tendre 
que irme adonde se halle 6 esperarlo, sino paso a Washington. 

Nada mas ocurre, soy de V. atento S.S.Q.B.S.M. 

Jose M a - Alpuche e Infante [Rubrica] 
[Addressed:] S. Coronel D. Estevan Filipe Austin en Bexar 6 donde 

se halle 

(Politeness of Wm. S. Cazneau) 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 13 th Oct 1835 

TO THE COMDT. AT HEAD QUARTERS 

Judge Smith and Jno A. Wharton have just arrived from Columbia and 
Inform us of the arrival of 70 musketts seven peices field Canon Powder 
Lead etc four wagons will leave tomorrow (under the Command of a 
suitable man) for Columbia for them. You may calculate at 15 miles 
travel pr day how soon you may Expect them. Mr Wharton thinks one 
or two Wagons will leave Columbia tomorrow with the arms etc for head 
Quarters 

R. R. Royall Presdt etc. 

[Addressed:] To the Comdt at Head Quarters 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 179 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

Dear Sir 

Mr Kerr has just forwarded to us a copy of Capt Kollinsworth Letter — 
Stating his having possession of Labahia. $10000 public Stores 300 Stand 
arms and some horses — of Capt Smiths and alleys having hastened to the 
assistance of Capt C. to keep possession of the place Stores etc — Mr Kerr 
has probably advised you of the same and of the arrival of Col Milam who 
goes to San Felipe with the officers (prisoners) — We have sent on the 
communication to Genl Houston and Nacogdo — to inspirit our friends 
there whom we are told are afraid they will not be early enough to secure 
a fight 

By order of R. R. Royall 

San Felipe Oct 13 

Col S. F. Austin 

C. B. Stewart Sec 

N B Judge Smith has just arrived and says Bob Moore's Vessel is in the 
Brazos and the San Felipe hourly expected she Brings a Number of 
Canon and Small Arms etc etc 

R. R. Royall 
13th at 2 oclock 

[Addressed:] Col S. F. Austin Head Quarters 

[Note on back] 

Capt Batterson has just arrived from H — the Cannon is now at Cart- 
wrights where she will be put upon a new carriage — the old one not being 
considerd sufficiently strong — 

C. 13. S. Sec 

Benjamin F. Smith to Austin 

Goliad 13 th Oct. 8 O'Clock P. M. 1835 
Sir 

I have the honor to ackuowledge the receipt of your Two Communica- 
tions under date of the 11th and 12th Inst. 1 

The Men who Compose the Bat[talion at] this place, were extremely un- 
willing to [remain here] and it was with difficulty on yesterday [they] 
were prevailed upon to Stay until [orders] could be received from head 
quarters. 

The orders this day recvd were rea[d] and they have concented to stay 
with [but few] Exceptions, to defend this place to the [last] extremety 

1 See Austin's Order Book, Quarterly of Texas State Historical Association, XI, 3, 4. 



180 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

It will be imposseble for Me to Comply with your Orders Contained in 
yours of the 12th Inst, farther than that of defending the place because we 
have but a verry few more Men than you order to remain 2 and no Muni- 
tions of war which could possibly be Spared and besides if I were to dis- 
patch the Surplus twenty, I entertain great fears that Many others would 
leave and we Should immediately be left with a trifling force. 

That you May be fully informed of the true State of the arsonal when 
this place was Captured, that you May see My inability to furnish aid 
therefrom, I inclose you a correct Statement made by our quarter Master 
and Commissary, every Specis of arms which could be made usefull and 
Efficient have been put in requisition, for the purpose of arming our [own] 
Men and Some Mexicans of this place . . . [com]manded by Padilla 
and Placidore the Alcalde of Guadaloupe Victoria who have Volunteered 
in our cause. 

The Mexican Volunteers are not included [in] our Numbers to Make 
the hundred and Twenty [men], because we know Not as yet how far they 
may be relied upon in as Much as Some of them are the prisoners who were 
captured here, who have been released at the request and by the desire and 
on the pledge of Padilla — It Seems to be the General opinion among the 
intelegent Mexicans here that Coss will Make a desparate Effort to regain 
this place. How far this is correct I am Not prepared to Say. They be- 
lieve this because they Conceive it to be the Connecting link between 
Bexar and all the Coast. 

Supplies of provisions are Scarce but every exertion will be Made to 
Secure a Sufficient quantity* in order to enable us to Stand a Siege 

Annexed to the Statement of arms etc you will find a Statement of Men 
and arms at Bexar as taken from public documents, here and suppose by 
other testimony which is Conceived to be entitled to Credit, you will dis- 
cover from that Statement that the Number is Much greater than was an- 
ticipated by any of us though the last 500 Named are admitted to be Ex- 
teremly inefficient 

In my communication of yesterday you were informed that Guadaloupe 
and this place had voluntarily declared in favour of the Constitution of 24 
and against Centralism, 

The walls of the fortification here is in a perfect recked State and re- 
quires considerable repairs to Make it in any way tenable but we Shall use 
all posseble exertion to put it in a cituation for defence and Should they 
Make an attact upon us we will defend it to the last Moment but I presume 
they will attempt to Starve us out for with a large force they can cut off 

2 Austin ordered 100 men to remain. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 181 

our Supplies of water and provisions and you of course will be apprised 
of their Movements and will act accordingly 

Benj. F. Smith Col. Comd, 

Genl. S. F. Austin 

[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin Where ever he may be By Express 

[Report of Arms Captured at Goliad] 
The following report and list of armament is returned by the under- 
signed in conformity with an order of the Col. Commanding Which is as 
follows 
6 Saddles — Serviceable, with trifling repairs 

1 Barrell Musket cartridges servesable for close [quarters] 
100— 41b Shot— 

44 Lance Heads 1 these two articles will be very usefull in 

From 100 to 200 Bayonett f case of a charge 

200 Stands of Muskets and Carbins — Some of which Might be made 
Serviceable by small repairs but the greater part are broken and 
entirely useless. 
A lot, old broken Cartridge Boxes and Rusty camp kittles all unfit for 
use old Iron etc. etc. 

Ira Ingram Com g - 
Goliad Oct. 13 th 1835 
A true Coppy) : 

Statement of arms and munitions of war at Bexar 
500 Muskets ] 
300 Carabines j 

2 41b Ps. Artilery with 288 Ball Catridges 192 Grape 

ammunition for these Same complete 
400 Cavilry 
150 Infantry 
500 do Recruits and others 



1050 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe Oct 13. 1835 
To Col. Stephen F. Austin 
Dear Sir 

Mr John Johnson who bears these to you — has just arrived from Nacog- 
doches and San Agustin with a communication from the Committees of 
those places which we transcribe to you 



182 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

San Agustin 6 oct. 1835. 
Committee Room 

Whereas in the present emergency organization and energy of action 
are necessary and whereas we see the great necesity of a Commander in 
Chief of this Dept for the purpose of issuing orders raising troops etc and 
being well satisfied of the fitness capacity and fidelity of Genl Saml Hous- 
tin for such a station — 

Be it therefore Resolved that we with the Concurrance of the Com of 
Safty and vig of Nacog do hereby appoint the said Saml Houston. Genl 
and Command in Cheif of the forces of this Depart, vesting him with full 
powers to raise troops organise the fo[r];ces and do all things appertaining 
to such office And be it further resolved that the powers of the Said 
Com'der continue in force till the Gen[er]al Consultation of Texas shall 
make farther provisions And be it farther resolved that said Houston be 
required to issue proclamations and Call for recruits and to do all things 
in his power to sustain the principles of the Constitution of 1824 

[Signed] Philip A. Sublett chairman" 
A. G. Kellog Secry 

Mr Johnson will be enabled to detail many particulars which we cannot 
put to paper and which are of a very encoura'g nature — particularly of 
the friendliness of the Cherokees etc — 

We have not heard from Matagorda or Harrisburg but have requested 
Genl Houston to send a guard agreeable to your request to take on the 
Cannon from Harrisburg etc — 

We are all in high spirits expecting to hear from you of Success — 

R. R. Royall president 

C. B. Stewart S'y 

[Addressed:] Col Stephen F. Austin head quarters favd by Mr. Jon 
Johnson 

Benjamin Fort Smith to Austin 

Goliad 14 th - Octr. 1835 
Genl. Austin 
Dr. Sr 

yesterday I communicated to you as the commander of the detachment 
at this place now I write as a private soldier from the time your order 
came here to mantain the post at the risk of all hazzards — Their was shown 
a disposition among the men to disobey the order — This morning an open 
determination was shown to leave the place in consequence of which I re- 
signed my command as did officers of the Columbia Company — I could 
not do less your orders I am determined to obey even as a private 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 183 

The whole of the men have the greatest inclination to leave this place, 
many have upon more reflection promised still to stay untill you can be 
heard from 

The Company has been reorganized and the same officers reappointed — 
some of the discontented will go on to you and I hope under the circum- 
stances (the situation of the country) this departure from millitary duty 
may [be] looked over 

When I wrote yesterday it was my desire to have urged you to order on 
immediately because I know Millitia could not be kept at a post like this 
long at a time— and in this I was correct — take warning by this mishap 
you are not upon a bed of roses — and if you are compeled to stay long at 
a place; rely upon it, your men will desert you — There is nothing but their 
honor to govern them — that is in many cases but a cobweb — / know too 
much of my duty to leave this place untill I here from you — I have pre- 
vaild upon many of the company to do so but I have but little confidence 
that they can be quiet long without moving somewhare or other — What in- 
fluence I may have shall be used to support you in your authority in all 
that is just and proper — In this opinion I may be obtrusive but as one who 
has much at stake I have a right to make such suggestions as may not be 
offensive — Let me urge you to keep your men in motion — be careful in 
your operations for I am persuaded you will have to contend for Bexar if 
you get it — It is a last hope with Cos and if you should be defeated Texas 
must suffer — and the frontier must bleede freely for it — Let us be united 
in our forces and make a bold push and all will be right — but a devission 
of our little army may be ruinous to our cause 

Benj a - F. Smith [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Genl Stephen F. Austin Wharever he may be 
favd by Mr Hassill 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

Oct 14. 1834 [1835] 
To Col Stephen F. Austin 

Chairman of the Council 
and Commander in Chief 
We dispatched to you yesterday an account of the success of Capt Col- 
linsworth's attack on La Bahia which it appears you are not yet in pos- 
sesion of by advice from him 

Your Several communications to the Consultation and to this body 
arrived last night, every exertion has been made to carry into effect your 
request. Waggons will shortly be on the road with the necessary sup- 
plies — Capt W m Hall has accepted the appointment of contracter for the 



184 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

army and is now busied in advancing the object, of his app L in procuring 
waggons Stores etc. 

Mess J. Wharton and Henry Smith arrived from below yesterday with 
the pleasing news of Capt Moores vessel having arrived from N. — with 
75. Sta'd arms, 7 peices artilery and a plenty of ammunition, the San 
Felipe to follow in 2 days with some heavy artillery and other arms and 
ammunition — a note from McKenny to Columbia Says — vessel now in 
sight which we suppose to be the San Felipe — Waggons, are being pro- 
cured to load at Columbia and forward ammunition flour arms etc. to you 
the originals of your invitation to the members of the Consultation (to 
proceed to camp) have been Sent to Washington — No members have 
yet assembled there — You will please take into consideration the Situation 
of this Council whose powers will cease when the convention goes into 
operation — several of these are delegates — R R. Royall and Joseph Bryan: — 
who deem their remaining here much more important at this moment, than 
that they should proceed to camp to the consultation — You will please 
provide for the continuance of a body of some kind at this place with 
power sufficient to provide for Such requisitions as may be made by the 
Consultation etc. etc. — and also confirm the appointment of Capt Hall as 
contractor if it meets yr approbation — and Should a consultation be held 
at San Antonio to lay before it all such matters as from time to time we 
will transmit to you together with the foregoing — in order that they may 
be confirmed We have deemed it necessary to issue to Capt Hall orders 
for pressing into the Service waggons and all property that may be re- 
quired — perhaps it would be well to make out an appointment clothing the 
individual with all the powers necessary to press and take into the public 
Service etc. as contracter 

We have nothing further to advise you of but to request that you will 
give Us sufficient notice of what supplies may be required — for the next 
month for bad weather may occur and by it be impracticable to forward 
supplies. 

R. R. Royall Presid 1 - of the Council 

Passport for Deaf Smith 

To all to whom these may come 

The bearer Mr Erasmus Smith is on his way to camp with a tired riorse — 
we wish to forward him by all means in our power as we think he may be 
very importantly usefull And we therefore request that any citizen will do 
his best to assist him to camp with a horse. 

R. R. Royall President of Committee 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 



185 



C B Stewart Secretary 
At Mr Moseleys 14 th octr 
San Felipe Oct 15. 1835 

P. S It is earnestly hoped that all patriot citizens will take a lively in- 
terest in forwarding this express to our fellow citizens in Camp — Genl 
Austin! The gentlemen you confided to my charge are thus far on their 
way to San Felipe and in good spirits — 

R M Williamson 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

Goliad Oct. 15—1835 
8. in the morning 
To Genl. S F Austin 

Com. in Ch. of the army of the people, 
Sir 

I dispatch this by J. A. Padilla, With a Small detachment of Creole 
troops. These may be made very useful perhaps, if retained as ex- 
presses — and are placed at Your disposal. The broken battallion organ- 
ized here on the arrival of Capt Smith and Alley, became disaffected Yes- 
terday and dissolved. This event, together with the consent of Capt Alley, 
leaves me in command of this post. 

I am satisfactorily informed that there are at the Cantonement on the 
Nueces, 3 ps Small Brass Can 11 - a considerable supply of arms and amu- 
nition, and a Valuable Caballada, and only 30 or 40 men. I Suggest the 
propriety of reducing this post. It will give security to the frontier, 
Supply us with some important means of defence, Strike a panic and en- 
courage the counter revolution in the interior and if a dash were made on 
Matamoras the Stroke — might be followed by the most important conse- 
quence to the present and future repose of Texas. 

My individual means and services are at the disposal of my adopted 
country, to free Texas of an armed Soldiery. 

The Detachment which goes with Padilla is commanded by Sen Placido 
Venevedas. 

Doct. Baylor goes with them, and can give you much important infor- 
mation He is a gentleman, and a soldier was in action at the Storm of 
this post, and behaved bravely 

Capt. Collinsworth has returned to Bay Prairie for more men. A few 
are expected here to day from Power's Colony below this. 

Padilla and Placido Venevedas are in favor of receiving the privates, 
Captured here, into our service — But I am afraid; Your order on this sub- 
ject, however, as on all others, herein submitted, are solicited; and every 



186 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

exertion will be made, which depends on me, and on those under my imme- 
diate command, to execute them. 

Amongst those who took possession of this fort, there has been no dis- 
senting, no dissatisfaction; they all have acted, and still act, in concert. It 
is greatly to be regreted that this is not the case in every instance, Every 
effort should be made by all, but more especially by those of the staff, to 
keep dissention out of our camps. 

P. Dimitt Capt. 

A. R. McNair to James F. Perry 

New Orleans 15 th Oct. 1835 
Jas. F. Perry, Esq. 
Dr Sir 

I take pleasure in introducing to you the bearer, Mr Stiff who visits your 
Country, as a volenteer in defence of your wrights — 

I feel every assurance in saying that you will find encased in his delicate 
frame, a mind fully adequate to bear up through trials which would crush 
others of superior phisical force, and a spirit worthy of being honorably 
employed in your contest against the usurpers of power, the perfidious 
advocates of central government. — -Mr Stiff's pecuniary circumstances ren- 
ders it perfectly unnecessary that he should visit your country in quest of 
fortune, and I think I may say, without detriment to the motives of others, 
that you are indebted for his aid, to those more generous and extended 
feelings, which are inherent in the bosoms of all true americans 

Any attention which the turmoils of war will permit you to show him, 
will be gratefully acknowleged by 

A. R. McNair 

P.S. For fear that you will be at a loss to define the reason why I am 
not actuated to the same purpose with my young friend, I must inform you 
that the Yellow fever has played havoc with my once athletic frame, and 
that I am now, only able to walk with the aid of a cane — I was confined 
8 months to my bed the effects of mercury. — my hip is dislocated and all 
in all, I would not do for the field, and must content myself, with giving 
you the warmest wishes for your success. 

I hope and think, that the excitement here in your favor, will result in 
advantage to you in men and money — many have already volenteered, and 
a considerable number subscribed 

I am told that there is one gentleman here, who has 1000 Rifles, in- 
tended to be given to volunteers and sent to Texas. 

Be pleased to remember me to Mrs Perry and your family. 

A. R. McNair 

Jas F. Perry Esq. St Philip de Austin Texas 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 187 

C. B. Stewart to Austin 

Oct 15. 1835 
Dear Sir 

The bearer Erasmus Smith is well known to you — I have conversed 
with him and learn that the cavalry of San Antonio are disaffected to the 
cause with which they are serving. He thinks he can render Service to us 
in a certain way — Do consider if some thing cannot be done by assurances 
to the disaffected through this channel. 

C. B. Stewart 
Col S F Austin Comd-in [Chief] at camp 

N B He is well known to me perhaps you may not recall him imme- 
diately — having travelled with him and received service and assistance at 
his hands perfectly disinterested I believe that he can be trusted to any 
extent his abilities and infirmity 1 may warrant 

CBS 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 16 th October 1835 
Genl Austin. 
Dear Sir 

The Prisioners arrived This evening Mr Jack says he cannot take them 
he thinks you 'didnot reflect on his unprepared situation to accommodate 
them and his time being entirely taken up with the Buisiness of the Land 
office, as such I must prepare them a Room, one being Liberated to go 
home on Parole as you request. Governor Zavala will direct the Treat- 
ment of the others I am told that this Very colonel had Zavala a prisioner 
once and Tantalized him how far this may Influence his feelings towards 
them I dont know but he will no doubt be willing to make them comfort- 
able — The troops from Nacogdoches etc are expected to pass Washington 
soon you can have it as I have it from the representations given by Genl. 
Houston and others so far as they know I hope the force will be respect- 
able 

I must say something to you and to absent members of the Convention 
of Vital Importance to Texas — The members here are like Volunteers in 
Camp (Very Restless) and much is said about going home one by one 
each Plead their necesities some from the frontier are afraid of Indians on 
the Brazos others to the Eastward are not fully into the spirit of our times 
and are yet wanting some explanition I am proud to find only a few think 
that way but from what I learn their constituents are far behind in correct 



a He was deaf. 



188 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Information as to every thing, as for Instance to relative strength the Cause 
etc etc. the Land speculation subject is not yet satisfactory settled abroad 
as the Delegates say also that our Proceedings have not had general Cir- 
culation all these circumstances render it necessary If not Indispensable to 
so arrange that the members Return to Hold the Convention as Speedily as 
possible I think we can detain all but a few till about the 1st. Novr. 
after that it will require positive assurances of a meeting and that in a few 
days to stop them Is my belief, several persons Present urge me to be more 
Pressing on this subject believing that the confusion that would inevitably 
follow by a failure of the Present Convention would be the distruction of 
all our Hopes of Order and Certainty — Several Persons Remaining here 
will urge and will do everything in our Power but be assured it is all 
important to attend to it I think I would like to have you consult those 
who leave here tomorrow and have their Ideas on this subject. 

The Indian Chiefs will I suppose be here soon I would like you to 
converse with Genl Houston on the subject and If you or you and the mem- 
bers out in service can Give any assurances to them to do so, I will as far 
as the Council has authority and will also Provide them comforts. Col. 
Pettus, will write you and send a Bill of Articles sent by the two wagons 
to leave in the morning I hope the Wagons from Columbia are on the 
Road before now. 

We look for Capt Wm Hall who is authorised to contract for meal etc 
what he has done I dont know but suppose he has filled the Order — 

R. R. Royal President of Council 

the Cannon from Harrisburg has been badly managed and will be about 
two more days before it passes here from Columbia I learn two only have 
cariages — This morning the minority of the consultation met and ad- 
journed till 1st Novr. or till a quorum to do buisiness Those who remain 
is to be joined with the Council R R R 

17 th 6 oclock A. M. 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San. Felipe 16 th 1835— 
Col S F Austin 
Dear Sir 

For a long time there has been a great many things spoken of 
Th[r]oughout our community about Ore John A Williams (Judge Wil- 
liams) as having taken a very active Part against the Acts of the Colonists 
and advocating the measures persued by the Mexican Government, for a 
long time I thought from report (for I dont know the man) his oposition 
arose from misconceived Ideas But it has been Impressed upon the Coun- 
cil and Particularly today that his conduct deserved the attention of that 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 189 

Body and that he has arrayed himself with 58 followers already enrolled 
against out military movements and with a View of offering facilities to the 
Enemy with whoom he is in Regular Correspondence — having Prepared a 
Boat for the accomodation etc. Now from these facts coming from so re- 
spectable an authority the Council in secret session with Henry Smith Esq 1 " 
John D. Newell W m - P Harris, Sam 1 Whiting and Mr Menifee members 
Elect to the Consultation have thought the circumstances would Justify an 
Immediate arrest and the safe keeping of said Williams till he should be 
tried and Disposed of by a proper tribunal. But considering the Delicate 
situation of this Council being Representatives from a minority of the mu- 
nicipalities only Have recommended that the commander in chief associated 
with his staff and confidential officers Invite those members acquainted 
with the circumstances and Ishue their request or Order to this Body for 
their complyance. 

I cannot see but such a proceeding is consistant in times like these when 
we are surrounded by Warr and our Citizens are afraid to leave their 
Homes lest their families be destroyed by the means and facilities afforded 
by those within our own Bosom it is times of Warr and military rules 
must Prevail in some Extent till otherwise Provided. If you advise any- 
thing to be done in this matter it is necessary to be done with secrecy and 
Dispatch — If you come to any conclusion of active measures in this matter 
please dispatch it by Express and it is well to have the names associated 
with you signed to the Order and for the Execution of the Order I particu- 
larly recommend Maj r Whiting. 

R. R. Royall Presd*- 

[Addressed:] Private Co 1 - S. F. Austin Head Quarters Texas Volun- 
teers favr by Maj r Whiting 

John J. Linn to Austin 

Goliad Oct. 17 th 1835 
To Genl S. F. Austin 

Comd Genl of the Army of Texas 
Dear Sir 

I should have written to you some time since but in consequence of the 
rupture taking place some what sooner than I expected, and being so 
buisily engaged, I could not. As respects the convention members was 
elected from the Mission and Guadalupe and had proceeded on the way to 
St Filip, I went myself to Gonzales in order to git a detachment to pro- 
ceede and cut off Genl. Cos, on his road to Bejar But the plan was frus- 
trated and he passed safe but he could have been taken as eisily as was 
Goliad since my arrival here, I have acted as Quartermaster and have 



190 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

found, a good supply of Stores say 175 Barrels Flour with plenty of Sugar 
coffee Rum whiskey wine etc, all are said to be private property so we have 
had them removed inside of the Church and the Doors Baricaded for saiftey 
It is reported that the people of St Patricia have joined the Soldiers but 
is generally supposed that it was through necessity, they must of course 
be on the right side or they will belie their countrymen, the people from 
Mission have sent us 25 men and are very zealous in the cause Mr Powers 
is here also every endeavour that can be made on my part shall be done 
I have only to request one thing do not throw away your shot use old 
Putnams order, Hopeing that God in his goodness may protect us 

John J. Linn 

B. J. White to Austin 

Goliad Octr 17 th 1835 
Sir 

agreeably to your order I reached this place yesterday about 3 P M — 
found much confusion — represented your wishes to the best of my ability 
which I think went far to harm[on]ize all divisions — Col Smith has resignd 
his command consequently Capt Dimet took command of this place. I 
found it imposible to send you Bread, but have sent a supply of flour and 
in a few days will follow up with as much Bread as can be bakd — we have 
plenty of flour say 30 bbls 9 Bbs powder (good) we are repairing the 
Guns and making every preparation for an attact which is antisipated, 
owing as we conceive from the necesity of Coss retaking the supplies — 
which we think must be scarce in Baher I now have some unpleasant news 
to communicate, the negroes on Brazos made an attempt to rise. Majr 
Sutherland came on here for a few men to take back, he told me — John 
Davis returned from Brazoria bringing the news that near 100 had been 
taken up many whipd nearly to death some hung etc R. H. Williams had 
nearly Kild one of his. — The carancawa Indians is in the Navidad country 
killing [stealing] etc. 

B. J. White 

P S — The negroes above alluded to had devided all the cotton farms, 
and they intended to ship the cotton to New Orleans and make the white 
men serve them in turn 

[Addressed:] Gn. Stephen F. Austin Commander in Chief of the people 
of Texas. P r - Col Smith 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

[San Felipe, October 17, 1835. See Calendar.] 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 191 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 18 th October 1835 (Sunday) 
Genl Austin 
Dear Sir 

Some members have been aded to day to our Council by late Arrivals 
to the Consultation and some have obtained leave of absence. Our Present 
Members are about 16. 

We have taken upon us in the present times (Pregnant as they are with 
Emergencies) some Responsibilities, agents from the upper settlements, 
have arrived and we have dispatched them with Commissions, and Instruc- 
tions, to three Captains one to act as Ranger with ten men east of Trinity 
one with 25 between the Brazos and Trinity and one with 25 between the 
Colorado and Brazos offering $1,25 pr day to each Ranger till Otherwise 
Provided by the Consultation. We will dispatch to N. and Ayish Bayou 
tomorrow a delegation to, the Chiefs of the Indians and the American set- 
lers with Circulars Printed for their Information and signed by the whole 
House, in these we declare an opposition to the Great land speculation etc. 
tell them our true situation and urge them to turn out. On the part of the 
Indians we Delegate to our Commissioners the Power to council with them 
and give Pledges of the Public faith to Respect their rights to land with 
assurances, that the convention will conform. This I am confident is at 
least as far as was Intended to be delegated to us, but the times seem to 
require it, as to the part the Indians will act the Com. are Instructed to asser- 
tain and be Governed by Circumstances, we hear Rumours here of there 
being only 40 men coming from that Quarter and of threats from the In- 
dians but it is only Rumour The Chiefs have not arrived nor are they 
heard of. I have been urged to go myself But I believe it will be over 
ruled as I think is best, and Esqr. Garrett of the Red Lands Mr Hood and 
Mr Menard will be apointed it will be disposed of this evening, the 
cannon is here and perhaps tomorrow we will be able to get two yoke of 
Oxen to take it on Capt Wm. Hall left today to go to Gonzales or Colo- 
rado to forward corn Meal to head quarters. You should I think be more 
full about supplies for a long time and say how much — Members from 
Cow Bayou and that Quarter say there will be 40 men from that way to- 
night or in a few days. On the subject I wrote you relative to Jno Wil- 
liams I would think — on reflecting more, had best be well matured before 
we act and the present press for men and uncertainty every where of Imme- 
diate success it may be best not to proceed as I proposd or not till the 
convention meets but be that with you. 

The Prisioners are here and I think it Doubtfull yet whether the Coun- 
cil will consent to the Captains release unless by request of Capt Collins- 



192 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

■ 

worth as they say he would be reasonably, mortified and that If they get 
liberty and the like occur On us we can not effect an Exchange but would 
be Imprisoned. They have the liberty of the town. 

If you still desire it please write again or a word from Capt C. or your 
statement of his wish, the subject will be submitted tomorrow to the house. 

R. R. Royall President of Council 
19th Octr 1835 

Some troops have arrived from the Trinity and Col Pettus says, he will 
be able to forward the cannon to day. 5 Wagons have been dispatched 
from Columbia and 2 from here with provisions Arms and Amunition 
under charge of Geo. Huff with a Guard of 10 men. Genl Briscoe has ar- 
rived from Mississippi Via Nacog. he says he counted 80 men leaving 
Nacog. but citizens Generally said 150 as also John Dust stated the same. 
Esqr Garrett thinks he will be abble to turn out more of this you can be 
informed by Gentlemen from that Quarter who know him and his asso- 
ciates Hood and Menard they are alive to the cause and wi|ll do their 
Best. Genl Briscoe States that Jno Dust said he had talked with the 
Cherokees and other associate tribes and they Intended to be neutral also 
that his opinion was that If we were Vanquished they would turn against 
us. that at Present some of their families are gone out Hunting appearing 
Entirely Indifferent. It will be one or two days before our Commissioners 
can leave on act. of not being able to get the Printing done sooner, since 
my last a few days ago I find the members here by being kept Buisy are 
More Contented and will Probably continue so and depart only with leave 
till those in the army may find it advisable to return. But I think it will 
be necessary for you to state the wish of those in camp how far we may 
consistently with their Views go in matters necessary to the forwarding of 
our Views to cause protection of the Army and security of the frontier. 

R. R. Royall 

Some days since I wrote to Matagorda to Fisher the Present Chairman 
of Com. to forward 10 sacks coffee some shugar 5 Sacks salt and what 
Powder they could spare from the place — I hope he will attend to it. 

R. R. R. 

General Cos to Austin 

[Bexar, October 18, 1835. Reply to letter from Austin, October 17, 
1835, proposing conference under flag of truce. For Austin's letter, see 
Quarterly of Texas State Historical Association, XI, 14. Also see 
Calendar.] 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 193 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 19 th Oct. 1835 
Genl. Austin 

Since I wrote you Last Evening I have conversed with Mr Menard and 
other members from that Quarter that say it will have a salutary effect to 
arrest, Williams and some say also one Jno. M. Smith and Son. My sen- 
timent was the fruits of my own Emmagination and all I converse with say 
Arrest Williams and his satilites will fall in Ranks, of this Consult and 
you wishes will be executed promptly I here send you a communication 
of Messrs Menard and Bryan from Liberty they say all the members will 
accord to them. 1 I herewith Enclose you a Resolution on the subject of 
Holding the Consultation at Washington one Dessenting out of about 12 
or 15 — I suppose they may meet there and perhapse adjourn to San 
Felipe at any rate let all be for Union and Harmony. 

R. R. Royall 

[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin Head Quarters Voluneer Army 

Peter J. Menard to R. R. Royall 

9 oclock A, M Oct 19— /35 
Mr. President 

Sir — After having heard you this morning in regard to the arrest of 
Judge Williams, I communicated your Idias and mine to Mr Hardin on 
that subject, it met his full approbation, Mr. Hardin further observed 
to me that he thought it was advisable and necessary to have a Mr J M 
Smith also arrested, His reasons were as follows — Mr Smith has always 
been opposed to the Cause of Freedom, he has when ever in his power, 
favored the Mexicans, to the prejudice of Our Citizens he has Sir, injured 
the Cause of Liberty by Giving all the information possible to enemies, 
(that is to those that are now our enemies) He has Sir, when the Pirate 
Thompson 2 was lying in the bay of Galveston) informed him of all He 
knew of the movements and intention of our Citizens, he has Sir, black- 
en'd the reputation of the best Citizens in that part of the Contry, by in- 
forming the Mexican officers. Military as well as those that belong'd to the 
Custom House of all that was said by them and a great deal more, All 
lies of his he has to my knowledge Sir, attempted to take the life of Mr 
Chs Wilcox, for no other reason but only because, he was favorable to our 
cause, and took an active part in the affair that took place at Anahuac, 
and was the advocate of Freedom 

1 See Austin's reply advising delay — Order Book, in Quarterly of Texas State 
Historical Association, XI, 29. 

2 Commander of the Mexican war ship, Correo. 



194 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

He has influence enough Sir, to injure our cause matirealy. He is be- 
side all I have stated to you of his character, a murderer My reason for 
saying so, is that a few days before I left home I was informed that, he 
and his son, have murdered a Mr Carroll, (son in law to said Smith) the 
last accusation is not probably the business of this body — but it is my 
opinion that as we had had no court in the districk of Liberty since our 
country has been attack'd Therefore I think it is our duty to have him 
arrested, not only as a murderer, but as a Traitor and an enemy to the 
Cause of Liberty 

Peter J. Menard, approved of by Joseph Bryan — Both 

from Liberty 

[Addressed] : To The President of the Genl Council of Texas 

J. W. Collins to Austin 
[New Orleans, October 20, 1835. See Calendar.] 

J. A. Nixon to Austin 

Nacogdoches October 20 th - 1835 
Dear Freaind 

yesterday Seventy and upward of wall mounted man and all wall armed 
under the Comand of Capt Sublet, and more Expect from San Auguten to- 
morrow on a waggon will Leve hear for Washington on Brazos River with 
250 Pounds of Bast Powder and 1500 Pounds of Lead to Day the Maxa- 
cans all meete, By the Request of the Cheafe But thay Seeme Not to under 
Stand the Busi ness, we may Expect to Be Strongley Saport from our 
freaind in the united States with men arms Powder Lead and money All 
gos on wall hear and we are more than happy to Receave the Good Newes 
from Labadee that our frends had It in Posshean God Grant you a Speedy 
Poshean of San Antonio and the Canon and arms all Safely Lande in San 
Phillipia inclosed I Sand you a News Paper 

Jorge Anto Nixon Sind[ico] 
Col Austin Should this Get Safe to you plese Sand It on to Gen Houston 
[Addressed:] Col. Stephen F. Austin and General Houston San Felipe 
or wherever they may be found — 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

7 in the morning, Oct. 20 th - 1835 
Gen S. F. Austin, 
Sir 

Since sealing my official of last evening and 5 o.c. this morning, a De- 
serter from Bexar has been introduced to my quarters who says he lives 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 195 

in Monterey — that, he deserted 8 days ago, intending to return home — 
that, after leaving Bexar, he heard of the fall of Goliad, and turned his 
course for this place. He states, that, all the Bexar Troopes will join the 
Americans, as soon as they present themselves; that, the officers and in- 
fantry want a fight, but that the cavalry do not — that, when the men were 
sent to Gonzales after the Cannon, they were paid only $3 ea. and drew 
only a little corn. 

He says there are 300 infantry and 400 cavalry there — one half of the 
former convicts — that, Gen Cos was making no preparation whatever, for 
defence, in the way of fortifying — that, there were 2 pieces of cannon on 
the western side of Town, near the Church; and 2 in the Alimo. In the 
Town, his patrol is strong, especially at night, both in cavalry, and in- 
fantry — that he keeps 60 sentinels out during the night; besides four cav- 
alry scouts, of 20 men each; that, there is great discontent among the in- 
habitants, who will almost unanimously join the Colonists, as soon as they 
enter the place; that, Ugartechea and Candela, are the only Officers, re- 
markable for their antipathy against us — and these, do every thing in their 
power to stimulate the men to defend the place to the last extremity. 

Mr. Bracken, arrived here last evening from Zacatacas; who left there a 
short time since; he says, that, a few days before he left that City, all the 
troops except 400, had been marched to Guadalajara, to oppose Alvarez, 
who had won two important victories over Santanna's troops. That 4 
Generals, amongst whom are, Montenegro and Guzman, had joined Al- 
varez and that he was daily acquiring strength; and further, that the 
troops at Saltillo and San Louis, destined for Texas, had been ordered 
back, after having taken up the line of march. 

9. o. c. same day — Col. Powers this moment arrived from the neigh- 
bourhood of San Patricio; He states that the cannon there had been re- 
moved to the garrison of Le Panticlan, and that the troops there, were for- 
tifying day and night. A courier had arrived there, who gave information 
of the near approach of 200 Cavalry from Aquaverda and Loredo, to the 
garrison on the Nueces; and that there were also from 2 to 300 more on the 
march from Matamoros to the Nueces; intended for the recapture of thi9 
post. This information comes through an express sent to the comt. of the 
Loredo troops; who accidentally passed them, and reached the Nueces 
without seeing them. 

Col. Powers further states that, Cos complains in a letter to the Com'g 
officer at Le Panticlan, that his whole force, including those on the way, is 
only 1700. This Garrison has a Piquet of 15 or 20 men, 6 Leagues this 
side Sn Patricio; and one, about the same distance the other side, for for- 
warding expresses. 



196 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

From all this, you can easily judge whether this place ought to be 
evacuated, and whether 50 men can make a successful defence. 

P. Dimitt Comd g [Rubric] 
[Addressed:] To Gen. Stephen F. Austin Com. in Ch. of the Army of 
the People Head Quarters. 

George Fisher to Austin 
[New Orleans October 20, 1835. See Calendar.] 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

Nacogdoches 20 th October 1835 
To the Committee of vigalance and safety. San Felipe 
Gentlemen, 

We have received your communication of the 15th, intimating to us the 
highly gratifying intelligence of the Capture of La Bahia, the enthusiasm 
of the people on being made acquainted with the facts, was so great, that 
a general illumination immediately took place, and every demonstration 
of joy exhibited. We will dispatch tomorrow, to Washington, a waggon 
containing 150 lb lead and 250 lb Duponts E E E. powder. 

You will please make arrangements for payment of the freight of the 
above, which will probably amount to from 80. to 100 Dollars. This Com- 
mittee has made arrangements to forward a person to the United States 
for the purchase of 200 rifles, which we have every reason to think will 
reach us without loss of time. Yesterday about 70 or 80 men under the 
Command of Capt Sublet left to Join the Army of Texas, and being all 
well mounted must reach head quarters without delay. We shall expect to 
receive as frequent intelligence as possible of the proceedings of the Army, 
and any thing else that may be interesting. 

F. Thorn Chairman 

The above is a true copy of the Original on file, — The Powder and lead 
is ordered to be left at Washington for further Orders, 

R. R. Royall 

San Felipe 28 th Oct 1835 

[Addressed:] Genl S F. Austin Commander in chief Head Quarters 
Texas Army 

Copy Col Thorn's Letter — 

L. R. Kenny to Austin 

Dear Sir 

The Bearer Mr Sidney S Callender is one of the Young men who have 
volunteered to aid the people of Texas in defending their rights — He is a 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 197 

practical printer and was for sometime Editor of the Lafayette Gazette — 
Sympathizing in your Cause he has determined to make Texas his adopted 
Country and to fight in her defence — There exists in, this place in favour 
of your cause a Similer feeling, which will, be encreased and rendered 
more effective, when the determination of your Convention to maintain 
unimpaired ihe Constiutional right of Texas, or to establish an inde- 
pendent Government is made known such measure will inspire your 
friends with confidence, and you can obtain not only men but money — 

The many hardships suffered by the early settlers of Texas and their 
patience and forbearance under privations, You as well as myself have 
fully experienced, and I trust that in the hour of trial they will exhibit the 
same determined character, that they will be united and rather perish to a 
man than renounce a Country so dearly earned — As for myself I have 
nothing to offer, but my personal services which I freely tender in any 
manner or shape, either here or there — my attachment for texas and her 
first settlers is unimpaired — I would peril my life in her defence — Should 
the war be [prolonged] (which can only be in case St Anna continues in 
power) you will need the assistance of this Country — In such event Agents 
Authorised by your provisional Government can do good Service in pro- 
curing men etc — 

[I] pray the favor of a letter from you, and an authority to remit men 
for your service — God prosper the people of Texas — 

L. R. Kenny 

New Orleans 20 Octr 1835 

[Addressed:] Col. Stephen F. Austin Texas 

Mr. Callender Schooner Columbus 

James Ramage to Austin 

New Orleans 21 October 1835 
My Dear Sir— 

I have lately written you two letters merely informing you of what has 
been passing here, in regard to Texas since you left this city — The news 
of your long (by me) expected war movement reached this city on the 
12 th Inst and I imm y called a public meeting of our citizens at the Bank 
Arcade for the Evening of the 13 th ' you may judge of the prepared [pro- 
found] excitement of the Public Mind, when I assure you the meeting was 
the largest ever known in New Orleans — and by acclamation we passed 
the resolutions you will find inclosed — So great was the crowd that the 
large Room would not hold them and we had to retire to another — we 
yesterday sent off two divisions of about 60 men each, one by way of the 
River to Nagatodges^— the other by the Sc Columbus to Brassoria, well 



198 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

armed and equipped with cannon, guns, powder, Balls, Lead — Saddles 
Bridles etc. etc. and in a few days we will dispatch the Sc. Louisiana with 
a third Division — those gone, are all fine looking young men — genteel in 
appearance, and I have no doubt will do honor to themselves — many of 
them have left respectable situations of $1200 to $1500 a year in Count- 
ing houses here — besides — The Creoles of the Lower Fauburg not to be 
outdone by us, have I am trully informed raised a corps of 150 men at 
their expense — who will depart imm y — Thus you see my Dear Sir — your 
cause must and will succeed, because all feel you are in the Right — There 
are men engaged in your cause here, who by their power, wealth and influ- 
ence can do almost anything — The excitement is still at its height — hun» 
dreds of applications are daily making to join the Rank — but we allow 
only those we choose to muster in them. — 

This movement of ours here will be followed by similar ones thru' the 
whole valley of the Mississippi — Natches is up already — from N. York 
Bost n - and Philad a - also means will come to us — and the only fears I en- 
tertain are — in the first place that more will be received than required — - 
and that from the upper Country a population may be entered among you, 
that will be of little use afterwards — however the Crisis is alarming and 
for the sake of health we must take the Bitter with the Sweet — 

It is with feelings of indescribable emotion, that all here, wait with in- 
tense anxiety for news from your Quarter — What have the division that 
went after Coss done? Where is Col. Austin? Have they declared a 
provisional Govt adhering to the Constitution of 1824??? — Upon this 
last act — "hangs all the Law and the Prophets" Coss MUST be checked — 
The state of Zacatecas and more than one half the people of the Mexican 
Republic — only await one conquering cry to flash out, to rally with re- 
doubled energy — then the Fate of the Tyrant is inevitable — and your coun- 
try I hope, placed upon a different and more permanent basis of True 
Liberty than it has ever yet enjoyed — then how Glorious for Texas — what 
a spectacle for the world to behold — 

as for myself my dear sir — I have the same opinions now I expressed to 
you here — a thousand times a day I am asked are you going? — When 
do you go? — my answer is this I await further intelligence from Texas — 
I wait to hear of the formation of a Prov 1 - Gov 1 - — and if that body require 
me — I am in a moment ready — mean time I can do some good to the great 
cause here — but sir if that Gov 1 - should appoint me, I will instantly obey 
the call — 

above all things, keep the Committee here (whose names are inclosed) 
in constant information of all your movements, even by express if neces- 
sary — I will keep you constantly informd by every opp y - of what is goingj 
on in this Quarter — do you the same by us relative to yours — in a momentj 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 199 

like this — I have but little time to write, the Divisions sail as soon as this 
letter is closed — therefore no more — but — Victory and Liberty for Ever 

Jas Ramage [Rubric] 

Col. Stephen Austin Texas 

N. B. I had forgot to mention You will see in the inclosed paper 
that Gen 1 - Mehia, a man named Fisher and others were at the meeting — 
we have our doubts — These expeditions are solely, purely, simply Amer- 
ican in all their parts — 

J. M. GUERRA TO COS 

[Matamoras, October 21, 1835. See Calendar.] 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 21 st October 1835 
Genl. S. F. Austin 
Dear Sir 

In continuation of my correspondence I will explain to you that you will 
find in Our news Paper your Letter from Gonzales on 13th couched in 
Discouraging terms. I will Inform you that I had no Intention of Pub- 
lishing that Letter and very much disapprove of it Mr Borden who has 
always heretofore exercised discretionary Powers, over our Public Papers 
Borried your letters under promise to examine them and with hold from 
the Press such as was Improper for publication when I found it had gone 
out in the Paper, it was too Late to recall it, I will only now cause to be 
published in our next the flatering prospects, of the Present time to coun- 
teract any Effects, of this paper. 

Our House has Grown a little thin of members [There] have several left 
within the Last few days, generally with an understanding to return to the 
Convention. Govnr. Zavala, has still chills and Fevers he joins us occa- 
sionally and is of opinion that the three officers (Prisoners,) here are not 
to be relied on as, friends to the Americans not one of them but still says, 
they are Gentlemen and may be trusted on Parole he advises, the retaining 
of them till Bejar falls and says further that the return of Capt. Saviego 
will not benefit us, to use his Term that he will Blacken our name. The 
officers appear well satisfied at their treatment but want leave to Return 
which the Council has Unanimously Refused 

The Council feals Great Solicitude for the Success of the cause in which 
we are Engaged and it has now become necessary to adopt some measure 
to cash the Drafts Drawn on us by the contractor and Captain of Com- 
panies. We have Passed Resolutions authorizing Comdts. of Companies 



200 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

to Draw on the Council for supplies for troops on the Road to head Quar- 
ters we have also addressed a letter to Beason stating that such Drafts — 
would be Honoured and have forwarded copies to Nacogdoches, how these 
Extensive and Very necessary demands are to be met, the Council has re- 
quested me to make known their wishes to the members of (he Convention 
in Camp for their advise and for their approbation so far as we have gone. 

We will this morning authorise our Commissioners to go to the Red 
Lands to collect all Public dues from the Authorities there so far as that 
Quarter has not a use for and to Contract for Loans of money as we are 
told Money has been proposed by men in that Quarter we will make a 
Simular appointment here pledging the Public Faith and Revenue of our 
Ports as security. I am not certain that we can do much here something 
has been talked of Loaning but whether they Really will or not is uncer- 
tain on tomorrow we will make an experiment. Majr Saml Whiting 
offered me $1000 it will be well for you to receipt for it and forward it 
to this Place as I am confident we will need it in a few days a[s] yet all 
calls have been Punctually met. 

Govnr Zavala is of opinion that we should proceed to make appoint- 
ments and collect duties according to U. States tariff the Council feals the 
necessity approaching, but fears the responsibility of such a proceedure 
as the People of our country have been looking forward to the acts of the 
Convention and would not likely recognise the Council in such acts of 
Responsibility of this particularly the council requests to be instructed by 
the members in camp provided they cannot return shortly to make a sitting 
of the convention. Something will have to be done shortly to replenish our 
finances If San Antonio holds out and as money is the spring of every 
thing it will be by no means amiss to have a surplus on hand, It will Give 
confidence. The members in camp can suggest other plans perhapse, we 
are but a few and would like to hear of their views and will do every thing 
to forward our comon Cause. It is also in contemplation to Pass a reso- 
lution requiring all dues for Lands to the State to be paid in to Persons 
appointed by the Ayuntomientoes of each Municipality and put a Note in 
the Paper requiring all persons of Austin to make payment to Gail Borden 
jnr. how far ihis may meet the necessities or whether in time you [know 
best?] Our committee is now in sitting on the subject of mails I be- 
lieve they will report in favor of two routs being established Immediately 
one to the Red Lands and to the Sabine the other to Liberty I have 
thought this essential as it has only been for want of Information that 
troops have not been from the Eastward some time ago and at this junc- 
ture it is more Important as all is on the tiptoe of Expectation. There is 
great Delicacy manifested in taking steps of Legislation [as] far as we 
do but we fear very much the convention cannot meet as soon as proposed 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 201 

and If so it will be Indispensable for the members in camp to Give us their 
approbation and recommend further assumption of responsabilities. 

R. R. Royall President council 
[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin Commander in Chief Head Quarters 
Near Bexar — By Ths Barnett Esqr — 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

Fort Goliad Oct. 21 st 1835 
To Gen. S. F. Austin 
Sir, 

This is dispatched to give you intelligence of the intended movements of 
the Enemy. 

By information rec d - from a Mexican early this morning, who says he 
is only two days from Bexar, we are informed that Cos is fortifying 
rapidly — that 500 men were to arrive there today from the interior; and 
that, as soon as they should arrive, he intended sending a strong force 
here, to retake this post. I inclose you intercepted letters on the same sub- 
ject. They speak for themselves. 

Our effective force is still 50 men. By the express which left here yes- 
terday morning for Head Quarters, I wrote to Capt. Alley, urging the neces- 
sity of his joining me with his command, as speedily as possible; but 30 
odd hours have elapsed, and no answer, nor have I any reason to expect 
one or to see him, unless he is ordered to return by the Gen. 

We have done all we could in the way of repairing arms, and are still 
doing. About 50 pikes and bayonets are handled. All the breaches in the 
outer wall are repaired, and the bastions will be done tomorrow. 

Some of the men are sick — but all are in good spirits. But 50 men, 
against an army, in so large a field as this, leaves too many blanks, too 
many points unprotected; in case of an attack by a large force, to promise 
success. Your orders are solicited. They are expected. Of the little 
band that entered this place on the night of the 9th., inst., many have re- 
turned home, and others say they will go in a few days. Inform me what 
I shall do in this matter? How shall I keep the men together? Or, shall 
I permit them to go and come as they please? 

I will now add more fully to the above, of the information given by 
the Mexican this morning. 

He says, all the squares of Bexar are fortified that works are raised at 
every angle for the effective use of their artillery. 

I am decidedly of the opinion from all that I can learn, that the day is 
gone by for the present when that place can be taken by storm without a 
great and disheartening loss of valuable men. Starvation by siege, pre- 
sents itself to my mind as the cheapest, most certain, and most efficient 



202 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

mode of operating at that point under the present state of things allowing 
my information to be correct. 

P. Dimitt [Rubric] 
Commanding 
P.S. Since writing the above, I have again conversed with the Mexican 
above Spoken of — He says that he was sent ex. to Cos by Zenteno, with a 
full statement of the force here and of every thing connected with our 
situation. Cos, therefore, knows as well as we do, what ever was known 
to the Collector. 

[Addressed:] To Gen. Stephen F. Austin Com. in Ch. of the Army of 
the People. 

Thomas F. McKinney to J. F. Perry 

[Quintana, October 22, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Bowie and Fannin to Austin 

Thursday night 12 oclk. 
Mission, of Espada 22 d - octr 1835 
Genl Austin 

At half after 4 oclk p. M we took possession of this Mission, with out 
any resistance — A guard of five men, escaped us by only a few minutes — 
We find the Citizens well disposed and quite communicative 

A large number of the citizens of Bexar and of this place, are now laying 
out, to prevent being forced to perform the most servile duties — We can 
place the most implicit confidence in all the information read from Bexar 
which is up to 5 oclk p. m. Great consternation was manifested there when 
our approach to this point was made known — The fortifications are nearly 
or quite such as before made known to you, with this addition, the tops of 
the Houses at the entrance of the Streets, are forifed, with unburnt 
Brick, with Port holes, for their Infantry — 

They have 8 pieces (4 lb) mounted — and one of larger size preparing 
for us. They have none on the Church — but have removed all their am- 
munition to it, and enclosed it by a wall, made of wood, six feet apart and 
six feet high, filled in with dirt, extending from the corners to the ditch, 
say sixty yards in length — 

We are informed that they have not got in corn or other provisions, and 
we find it all growing, or rather, yet in the fields: and are informed that it 
is the Case above Town. When our approach — was ascertained the alarm 
was great, and 14 Beef Cattle was ordered to be pened up — The men with 
whom we have conversed — are decidedly of the opinion, that in five days, 
they can be starved out. — 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 203 

We propose to explore above this early tomorrow — and will occupy the 
nearest point to Town — bearing in mind the necessity of holding this place, 
and keeping up a communication with you We would respectfully suggest 
the propriety of the main army to take a position above Town, and cut off 
all provisions from above, and we will attend to it below 

This will alarm and intimidate the enemy, and inspire our friends with 
renewed confidence, and will affect our object at once — 

Should the re-inforcements arrive, and you can well spare them, fifty 
men will be acceptable, and we will then be entirely able to take and hold 
any position, you may please to designate — 

Owing to the late hour of our arrival, we have not examined the mis- 
sions above, but have had it done by our Pilot, who reports only five sol- 
diers at St Jose, and none at St Juan — We learn that no public stores are 
collected at either place — The Bean crops are entirely distroyed — There is 
corn in abundance, but the principal owners are in Town, and Couriers 
will be dispatched early for them, to make contracts with [them] for the 
army. There is corn here, but owned by men who Rent the Land, and will 
sell for cash only, and only in small quantities 

They have rec d - no reenforcements lately — and no news from Capt 
Baragan — they have removed nearly all the horses to Lorado on the Rio 
Grande — and keep up at night* those they have (from 2 to 300) and graze 
them near Town in the day — Their whole force does not reach 600, accord- 
ing to the report of a respectable gentleman, who escaped, with his family, 
from Town this morning, and now with us 

Early in the morning a Courier will be dispatched to Segines Ranch, 
where Juan is, but the old man is in Town — Genl. Cos has threatened to 
make Seguine [Seguin] and others of the most respectable citizens to 
sweep the public square, and in case he whiped us, to make their Ladies, 
grind tortias for his soldiers — 

Should you concur with us, and determine to occupy the position above, 
inform us of it, that we may co-operate with you, and wind up the job 
speedily 

James Bowie [Rubric] 
J. W. Fannin Jr. [Rubric] 

P. S. Fow d - to us our portion of the supplies, as we have prospect, but 
from our private resources — also the men belonging to the Companies of 
this Division who were left behind — also request them to bring forw d - the 
Baggage of their respective companies 

J. B. 
J. W. F. 
[Addressed:] Genl. S F Austin At Camp Salado, Near Bexar — 
Pr. Mr Black 



204 the austin papers 

Austin to the Army 

Head Quarters Camp Sivolo 
October 23, 1835 

The Commander in chief announces to the Army information of the most 
encouraging nature from the Interior — that the Cause of the Constitution 
and the Federal System is there, gaining new strength, daily — that, Genl. 
Alvarez a warm Federalist has lately gained two important Victories 
over the troops of the Dictator — Santa Anna and has been joined by two 
other Generals of distinction, Montenegro and Grozman — that the troops at 
Saltillo and San Louis which had been destined and were actually on the 
march for Texas, had been ordered back on account of troubles behind 
them — 

He further anounces that D. Juan Seguin — the Mexican who Came to 
Camp last night with his followers and left this morning has given the 
most flattering account of the good disposition of the Citizens generally in 
Bejar and its neighborhood — their friendship to the Cause we are defend- 
ing and willingness to serve us. — He has appointed Mr. Seguin a Captn. 
in the Army, Vesting him with authority to raise a Company of Mexican 
Volunteers to Cooperate with us. — They will be of essential service in 
many respects — 

The Commander in chief deems it his duty to anounce also, a Vague 
rumor he has received that troops to the number of 300 were on the march 
from Matamoras and other parts, destined for the garrison at the Nueces 
and the recapture of Labahia — but this rumor is by no means to be cred- 
ited, as there is no sufficient authority to support it — 

The troops from the Nacogdoches Department are Confidently expected 
to join us, within a very few days — 

As soon as they arrive, the force here will be deemed Competent for 
further and more important operations — 

At all events, the time can not be long before the Valour and patriotism 
of the Freemen of Texas will have an opportunity to display themselves 
upon the head of military despots and the enemies of Freedom. — In the 
mean ti,me the Commander in chief exhorts his countrymen to be patient 
and firm in the discharge of their duty; enduring as Freemen have always 
been known to do, every privation for the sake of the sacred Cause they are 
defending — 

S. F. Austin 

By order Warren D. C Hall Adjt Insptr Genl 

[Endorsed] : Address to the Army Camp Cibolo 



the austin papers 205 

Bowie and Fannin to Austin 

Mission of Espada, 23 d octr 1835 
5 Oclk P M friday evening 

Genl Austin — In conformity with your orders, and agreeably to our 
suggestions of last night, we marched to the Missions above this, and make 
the following report of their situation and such oher information as we 
deem important — at the Mission of St Juan, they only planted three pecks 
of corn, and it is yet in the field, and very fine — The Citizens are well dis- 
posed, and now look to us for protection — and should the Enimy attempt 
to withdraw their corn, information will be forthwith rec d - from them 

At the Mission of St Jose, we find no corn, the dam having been broke 
early this season and the crop abandoned — only a small crop of Peas, and 
these not yet well ripened — This Mission is in a dilapidated state and only 
one family at it — At the former, several respectable families, and the walls 
in a good state of preservation, and a strong hold for defence — 

St Jose has fine quarters for the men, but the water too remote, and too 
much at the mercy of the enimy — No intelligence from the Segienes, as 
yet — We learn that reinforcements to the amt of 30 men arrived — in Bexar 
last night — also that you had a slight skirmish with an outpost in which 
they report only one killed — he being shot in the eye — 

They say two more parties of reinforcements are looked for daily — If we 
had fifty men more, we could keep out spyes on the two roads and cut 
them off, and be in no sort of danger ourselves 

There is but little money in Camp — and the men are complaining that 
corn and other provisions are not furnished them — 

We will make purchases of Beef and corn tonight with our own funds 
and hope to hear from you tomorrow early — Our private resources are 
quite limited, and cannot be expected to last beyond tomorrow — or we 
should not apply to you for aid — You know the materials we have — they 
will fight — and fight desperately; but must Eat. 

We expect to take a position in the timber, near Bexar, tomorrow; and 
request regular information from you, that we may be fully apprized of 
your movements, and know how far ours comport with your views; and 
will insure success to our cause. — The Courier from Bexar has this moment 
come in, and says that the man reported shot and killed, is not dead — but 
shot where we heard, and must certainly die — and the leader of the party, 
slightly wounded by a Pistol ball and only three Rifles heard crack — 
They have put the commander and most of the men in prison for coward- 
ice—The reinforcements did arrive, under Baragan with 30 men — and no 
more spoken of — He is stationed in 5th street. 

The Politcal Chief has fled — and every other principal man we wrote 
to with him — Their force was 100 — and yours reported only 15 — 



206 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

The owner of this place is suspected, and the courier would not approach 
him for fear of detection and exposure (Jose Antonio Garza is his name) 
Do let us hear from you, and receive some aid to furnish provisions for 
our men — Should you send, your courier will hear from us hear 
In haste, We subscribe ourselves 

James Bowie [Rubric] 
J W Fannin Jr [Rubric] 
[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin In Camp at Salado Near Bexar 
Pr. Smith 

Bowie and Fannin to Austin 

Mission of Espadas, Saturday morning 
7. oclk A. M 24 th octr 1835 
Genl S F Austin 

Half an hour since we were attacked by the enimy, who were repulsed, 
after a few fires being exchanged 

Only a few men were seen — say about fifty — tho, from the dust etc. it is 
believed 200 or more, were in the company — Dr Archer says that Col. 
Ugartichea was the commandant, as he plainly saw him, and recognised 
him — The place is in a good condition, or can be made so in an hour, for 
defence, and until we know, of the advance of some aid, or what was in- 
tended by this feint, we will continue to occupy this station, where we have 
provisions enough for the army provided means are supplied to purchase 

Our forces are too few to hold it, and devide, so as to do effective serv- 
ice — Will you communicate with us and inform us what we may rely on — 
We are decidedly of the opinion, that this is an important post for the army 
of Texas — Let us know if you have rec d our two dispatches by Black and 
Smith, and whether you approve of our movements etc. If you do, and 
can spare the fifty men — or the 2d Division of the 1st. Batalion, fow d - them, 
and your orders etc as to the movements etc and what post, to cooperate 
with yours, we should take — We should have marched in half an hour 
to the timber, with [in] 3/4 mile of Bexar, and shall yet do so, when we 
hear from you — Please advise us as to provisions etc and the means to pur- 
chase and supply the same — and fow d - our portion of flour etc. rec d - from 
Goliad and elsewhere — Permit us to again suggest — nay urge, the pro- 
priety — the necessity of some movement, which will bring us nearer to- 
gether, and shut in the enemy, and either starve them out, whip them out, 
or dishearten and beat them in small parties, in all of which, our two 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 207 

parties may agree on an hour and cooperate with each other, and never 
fail of success etc 

James Bowie [Rubric] 
J W Fannin Jr [Rubric] 
[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin on Salado, Near Bexar, 
pr Russell and Baylor 

Bowie and Fannin to Austin 

Mission of Espada 24 th octr '35 
Saturday evening 4 oclk P. M 
Genl. Austin 

By our Courier of this morning I informed you every circumstance to 
this date — I requested re-inforcements to the amt of fifty men, and sug- 
gested our investing the Town above and below, and acting in concert. 

Being informed of your additional strength I am now emboldened to ask 
for 150 — as we have the Roads to Rio Grande and Misions below to guard, 
and the small parties necessary to do it effectually, will weaken our force 
so as to make our position not altogether as safe, at is might be, and can be, 
when you have such forces above — 

We have such information, as to apprehend an attack to night from Bara- 
gan, as he knows our numbers, and threatened us today — Fow d - fifty men 
tonight, and say to us what you wish done, and when we may expect others 
— and whether we shall take a position near Bexar tomorrow — Should 
any other officer be chosen to supercede Col Bowie, will you allow (me) 
(Fannin) to suggest the names of Genl. Huston and col. Hall — Mr Whar- 
ton will assign my reasons etc 

James Bowie [Rubric] 
J W Fannin Jr [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Genl. S F Austin Camp Salado 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

Port of Goliad, Oct, 25 '35 
8 oClock in the evening. 
To Gen Stephen F. Austin, 

Com. in ch. of the Army of the People — 
Dear Sir 

Yours of the 21t. inst., a postscrip to that of Padillo of the same date — 
yours also of the 22d. and 23d. 1 instants, and reed, at 4 oClock P. M. to 
day, are duly noted. 

1 In Austin's Order Book, Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, XI, 
19, 21, 23. 



208 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

The supplies which you call for shall be forwarded immediately. The 
teams, 5 or 6 in number, and more if they can be procured, shall be put in 
motion tomorrow evening, or early next day morning. 

Nothing has transpired relative to our liability to attack at this place, 
since the date of my last by hand of Mr Bracken, worthy your attention. At 
the date of that communication, I addressed the people residing east of the 
Guardeloupe, urging the necessity of a reinforcement, and have much rea- 
son to expect some increase of force from the sections of Country men- 
tioned in yours of the 23d. inst. 

You enquire after Linn and Powers — Both, altho' absent at the moment, 
have been with me, have acted in concert, and have been very useful to the 
service. They will probably return to night, or tomorrow. Col. Powers 
became very much alarmed for the safety of his people, (nearly all the men 
being here,) occasioned by information received by him from a confidential 
friend at San Patricio: In consequence of which, steps have been taken to 
remove the women and children, beyond the Guardeloupe River. Being 
informed that this removal is now nearly, or quite accomplished I expect 
to see the Emprisario of that Coloney here immediately. Supplies for the 
poor of these families, and for recruits, have been forwarded hence to the 
Town of Guardeloupe Victoria This step was recommended too, by the 
possibility of our being compelled to fall back on that point — one of the 
most defensible, by a small force, of any whatever in Texas. 

For some reason or other the people of this place have nearly all left 
town. I have done, and have said, every thing which I could do, or say, 
to pacify and inspire them with confidence — But they had seen the brilliant 
equipment of Cos, his sword, and retinue; and they had listened to his flat- 
tering and captivating speeches; they had attended his parties, and tasted 
his wine: But we have made no such display — we have no epaulettes, nor 
swords — we have given no dinners, no parties — and as to wine, we have 
none to use in the way he used it. 

Immediately after the occupation of this fort by the force then com- 
manded by Capt. Collinsworth, two Volunteers, John Williams and John 
Tool, were dispatched to San Patricio, express, with letters to the Alcalde 
of that jurisdiction, and to others, soliciting their cooperation. Tool and 
Williams were both surrendered to the military of Le Panticlan, put in 
irons, and compelled to work on the Garrison. 

We are informed also, that, the population of San Patricio, have almost 
unanimously joined the military. 

The supplies spoken of above, will be forwaided to the Ranche of Don 
Erasmo Seguin, about 10 leagues below Bexar, under the safe conduct of 
Maj. George Southerland, with 20 men.. You can therefore, make such 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 209 

arrangements for their transportation thence to Head Quarters, as you shall 
deem most advisable. By Maj. Southerland, I will write you again. 

It will be impossible for us to supply Don Juan Seguin with arms — We 
could furnish powder, also small shot, which may be run into bullets — and 
we can send him as much subsistence as he will probably need. Zentena 
is at Le Panteclan, and writes to me, that, he intends establishing the Cus- 
tom House at that point. I doubt his fidelity. 

P. Dimmitt Com g 

[Addressed:] To Gen. Stephen F. Austin Com. in Chief of ;Jie Army of 
the people. Head Quarters. 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San. Felipe 25 th October 1835 
Genl Austin 

Your letter by Doctr Hoxey came to hand evening before last and on 
yesterday Mr Smith of Tenoxticlan left to take charge of a Wagon of the 
Articles Wanting from Columbia I have written to Mess. Bell and Knight 
of Columbia Messrs Mills, and Andrews of Brazoria and McK and Wil- 
liams of Quintana requesting their assistance in forwarding on Mr Smiths 
Views, at Doctr Hoxeys Request we ordered 300 Blankets 300 pr strong 
shoes, 1 Bale Heavy Lowell Cotton for Tents, 500 Soap in Boxes 250 lb 
Good Tobacco and the Large cannon Ball and Powder with them If 
mounted If not to Get them mounted as early as possible — 

Doct Hoxey met several Gentlemen who were Better acquainted with 
such subjects than himself who said the Large Cannon could not be Ef- 
fectually mounted on common wheels and as such declined persuing that 
object farther I will Enquire and if I find that Wheels strong enough can 
be had I will cause them to be forwarded. 

Our dispatches will leave in a few minutes for Nacogdoches and San 
Augustine and I enclose you a card which we send out in that Quarter. 

R. R. Royall President of the Council 

N B a Regular Mail will Run next week to fort Jesup to Head Quarters 
at Bejar and Columbia 

[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin Head Quarters near Bexar 
favd by Mr Jack 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 25 th Octr 1835 8 oclock A. M. 
Genl Austin 

My health is Very Bad I have had an Interview With Mr Borden and the 
more we talk of the Large Cannon the more we feel the necessity of for- 



210 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

warding them as Ordered. Doctr Hoxey having met Persons who discour- 
aged the Project turnd his course and went above to endeavor to Raise a 
Company of Volunteers. Mr Borden has concluded that he will try to gef 
some person capable to Go below and Carry the Canon on trucks. If Large 
wheels, cannot be had, and probably Mr Borden will Go himself If Pettus 
does not Return today (he being absent) Mr Borden thinks he can take 
the canon there in two weeks, I will write you the progress by the next 
opportunity. 

R. R. ROYALL 

N B you must know it will take more than 2 weeks to Get the Cannon to 
you We Reed a letter from Mr McKinney, at Quintana offering every 
facility in his Power and Stating that the San Felipe was in sight with 
Arms, amunition and Provisions R R R 

Austin to Permanent Council 

Camp Salado Oct 25. 1835 
I am fixed here during the war my health is very bad — my spirits good 
— the members return to hold the consultation — If there has been too much 
precipitation heretofore, it ought to be a lesson to avoid that error in 
future — , The inclosed is a memorandum of the full extent to which I 
think the consultation ought to go — any thing beyond this, like forming a 
new constitution etc. would do harm and probably produce a great con- 
fusion — the consultation ought to do as little as can be gotten along with, 
at present 

This is my opinion 

I wish you to show the inclosed memorandum to Zavala and this note — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

[Memorandum] 

l. st A Declaration confirming the pronouncements made by the people 
at their Municipal Meetings to sustain the Federal Constitution of 1824 
and the Federal system which the Army of Texas are now defending — 

2. d To declare Texas a State of the Mexican Federation, in consequence 
of the dissolution of the Constitutional Government of Coahuila and Texas, 
by Military intervention — 

3. rd Declare that a provisional local Government be organized for the 
State of Texas, under the Constitutional Law of 7 May 1824 and appoint 
a provisional Governor and Lieut. Governor 

1 Papers of the Consultation, Texas State Library. For the action of the consultation 
in response to this memorandum see "Declaration of Causes for taking up Arms 
against Mexico," by the editor, in Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, 
XV, 173-185. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 211 

4 — Declare the existing laws and Constitution of the State of Coahuila 
and Texas to be provisionally in force, with such exceptions as may be 
deemed proper until a Constitution is formed. 

5. — Pledge the faith of the State to raise funds and Means, arms and 
men to sustain the War in defense of the Constitution and Federal system 
6. Secure the Lands and interests of the Indians, and declare all fraud- 
ulent and illegal sales or grants of Land made by ?he State Government of 
Coahuila and Texas, since April 1833 to be Null and void — 
7. — Establish a provisional Express Department — 
8 Organize the militia and appoint a Commander in chief 
9. — Raise 300 infantry and 150 Cavalry and a Corps of Artillery as 
regular Troops — 

McKlNNEY AND WlLLIAMS TO ROYALL 

Copy 

Brazoria Oct 26 th 1835 
Messers Royall and Borden 
Gentlemen 

Your orders by Mr Wm H. Smith has been executed and he will Give 
You the particulars we have a large long 18 Pounder which will be started 
out in a few days, a 12 pounder is here on the way let me beg you will 
not fail as Early as possible To authorize Vessels to Cruise on the Coast 
This done Every port on the Gulf Can be Blockaded in six weeks and Then 
all could safely leave to Join the army by land Yours in Much haste 

McKinney and Williams [Rubric] 
A True Copy — the above will be attended to this day — 

R. R. Royall [Rubric] 

M. A. Bryan to James F Perry 

Salado 26 th Oct 1835 
Dear Father and Mother 

I wrote you the day before yesterday by express since that time the mem- 
bers of the consultation who are here 28 or 30 met and concluded to leave 
it to the vote of the Army whether the members should return and take 
their seat in the convention or remain untill after San Anonio is taken a 
large majority were in favor of the members returning with the exception 
of those who belonged to the staff, and those who might volunteer to 
remain — 

Travis is a member who volunteers to remain and there are others, when 
the thing was first talked of I thought it would be the means of disbanding 



212 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

the army as I heard most every one say that he would return if the mem- 
bers of the convention left Doct Archer was appointed by the members to 
address the army before the question was put, afterwards, Genl Houston, 
and then Jack and lastly Uncle who was just able to sit on his horse all 
purporting the same (that is) the propriety and even the necessity of send- 
ing the members back (those who were willing to go with the exception of 
those belonging to the Stalf ) some 15 or 20 men would go back any how 
perhaps more 

We are going down to the mission of the Espada to take up our quarters 
— I presume we will have 400 men when all have gone back who are dissat- 
isfied perhaps not so many however they say with two hundred men we 
can sustain ourselves in the mission we will be continually rec g - reinforce- 
ments, and perhaps we will have Bexar in 4 or 5 days what are here 
have pledged themselves to stand up to the tug untill Bexar is taken. Uncle 
in his short speech told them that he would remain as long as 10 men 
would stick to him, because the salvation of Texas depends on the army 
being sustained and at the same time the meeting of the Convention 

Uncle is better this morning than he has been for several days although 
slightly salivated 

M. A. Bryan [Rubric] 

Joel is well 

[Addressed:] Mr James F Perry Peach Point To the care of Jno. R. 
Jones San Felipe de Austin who will please forward this 
by the first opportunity — 

Austin to Permanent Council 1 

Camp Salado Oct. 26 1835 
I shall move with the Army today to the Missions, and press the opera- 
tions as fast as my force will permit — I have but four hundred effective 
men — Gen L Cos has about 800 or 900, and is well fortified 

We need reinforcements, I shall persevere here — My health is very 
bad — There has been skirmishing dayly but no loss on our side — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

The members of the convention except the com. 1 * and his staff leave here 
today to hold the convention on the 1 Nov. r or as soon as they get a 
quorum. 

S. F. Austin 

To the Committee San Felipe 

^rom Army Papers, Texas State Library. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 213 

Edmund Andrews to R. R. Royall 

Brazoria Oct 27 th 1835 

Dear Sir 

yours under date of the 23d Ins. is before me Mr McKinney is here 
and I have seen the list of articles which he has furnished for the army and 
I believe is nearly complete with the Exception of a few Blankets and shoes 
which Mr. Mills will furnish. We have now with us this day the Voluntier 
Company from New Orleans and a fine company they are You may be as- 
sured, they will go from this to La Bahia (Goliad) which we are in- 
formed by an Express they are in great apprehension of being attacked 
in a few days. — 

Edmund Andrews [Rubric] 

To R R Royal Esq Prest Peramant Council 

[Addressed:] R R Royal Esqr Prest Permanent Council San Felipe 

[Readdressed:] Genl Austin 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

Port of Goliad, Oct. 27 th 1835 
9 o. c. in the morning. 
To Gen. S. F. Austin 

Com. in Ch. of the Army of the People, 
Dear Sir, 

Yours of the 23d. 1 ex s - [express] by hand of Mr. Bracken, was duly 
reed, last evening The information it gives is both cheering and stimu- 
lating. But whilst our mutual congratulations are called for by a rhetro- 
spect of the past, whilst we indulge bright visions of the future, permit me 
to express to yourself, the lively sympathy felt by every one here, for their 
fellows, suffering so many privations, whilst contending for their rights. 
We have done, are doing, and shall continue to do, every thing in our 
power, to supply your wants, and diminish your privations — 

It was confidently anticipated when Majr. Collinsworth left for your 
camp, that, the teams could have been put in motion yesterday — but we 
found it impossible. The teams and carts below, and especially those at 
the Mission, had been sent to Guardeloupe with the women and children; 
and we have had to send there for them. However, we have succeeded in 
mustering 8 carts and waggons — all of which, will be dispatched today, 
with full freight, and the corresponding List transmitted by hand of Maj. 
Southerland, the Bearer of this letter. 

a In Austin's Order Book, as cited, p. 27. 



214 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

I much regret that it becomes my duty to inform you, that, the report of 
Williams and Toole having been dispatched prisoners of war to Mata- 
moros, from the Garrison of Le Panteclan, is now but too well confirmed, 
to admit of a doubt. They were sent off, a week ago last sunday. Toole 
was in very bad health, and in preference to transportation to a distant dun- 
geon, there to linger out a mere fragment of existence, requested that he 
might be dispatched at once. The confirmation of this news, after the lenity 
shown to the prisoners taken here, could not fail to create a lively, and a 
strong excitement. 

The men under my command are clamorous for retaliation, either by 
clothing with suits of iron, those in our power; or by marching immediately 
against the garrison, and reducing it to unconditional submission, or put- 
ting it to the sword. 

I have had a flag made — the colours, and their arrangement the same 
as the old one — with the words and figures, "Constitution of 1824," dis- 
played on the white, in the centre. 

Regular rations of flour, sugar and Coffee, have been ordered to be issued 
to the poor, of the families from the Mission at Guardeloupe. 

Measures are taken to procure the earliest information of any important 
occurrence at Copano. 

I have great satisfaction in communicating the intelligence of our having 
succeeded in calling the Karankawa Indians in from the work of destruc- 
tion which they had commenced among the stock, on the Navidad and 
Guardeloupe. We have engaged them to remain neutral during the present 
contest, and to retire to the Banks of the Sn. Antonio, till the pleasure of 
the Com. in Ch. shall have been communicated to them, in such manner as 
he may dictate. I enclose herewith for your perusal and gratification, sev- 
eral letters from Monterey, and an anonymous paper by Dr. Grant, to the 
people of Texas; all delivered to me last evening, by Sen Jose Abendafio, 
of that City. The earliest intelligence of every thing important with you, 
will greatly releive, and oblige, Sir, 

P. Dimitt Comd [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] No. 1. To Gen. S. F. Austin Com. in Ch. of the Army of 
the People Head Quarters. 

James F. Perry to Austin 

Peach Point 27 th Oct 1835 
Dr Brother 

We have heard nothing from you or the Boys, onley through the ex- 
presses tell Austin and Joel to write to us when they have an opportunety 
as there mother is verry anxious to hear directly from them. Guy and 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 215 

Eliza have been verry sick but are now both well, the news from the U S. 
is cheering. I hope the sixty five volenteers by the Columbus will reach you 
in time San; antonio once taken and then I think we have the coast clear 
and will be able to keep it so our anxiety will be great untiil we hear of 
that place being taken which we hope with the protection of Provedence 
you will be able to do. adue may the god of wars protect you 

James F. Perry [Rubric] 
[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin At Camp 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe de Austin Octr. 27 th 1835 
Genl. S. F. Austin 
Dear Sir 

By Mr Hufman a member from Nacogdoches I write you the particulars 
of Information before us at this time mostly contained in a Letter from the 
Committee of Nacogdoches, a copy of which I forward you by this con- 
veyance together with Resolutions (you will find in our last Paper) of 
Citizens of Nachitoches, at a Genl Public meeting in which you will see a 
very Liberal Sentiment prevails in the U. States toward us — Our Coreo 
[mail] from Nacogdoches says the People of the Red Lands Intend to send 
on more help still and 60 men have also been expected from Bevil Settle- 
ment other Reinforcements may also be expected from other Quarters, and 
from all you will Readyly see you will have nothing to Loose by remain- 
ing Secure in your Present Position, untill other Reinforcements, shall ar- 
rive and on the contrary every thing favourable to our cause may be ex- 
pected by waiting untill we can make a secure attact confidently believing 
that for the next 3 months the longer we delay the easier the conquest on 
act. of the Genl. Increase of Numbers on our side. 

We have answered the Citizens of Nachitoches through their Chairman 
in a very respectfull maner and Earnestly solicited that Immediate aid so 
nobly offered we have also through the same chanels address'd a feeling 
and exciting appeal to the Citizens' of the U. States Generally 1 we have 
had Copies, of Mr Dimitts Letter Printed with Suitable urgent solicitations 
on the People of Texas to turn out and Repair to Camp at head Quarters, 
and an earnest call upon thos*$ who have been misguided by the designing 
to remain inactive Informing them that while the Convention is rewarding 
those who so Bravely defend our cause they will not fail to Impose upon 
those who refuse the reward due their crime We have also taken the Re- 
sponsability of appointing Mr T. F. McKinney as General Agent to repair 



1 For copy of this see Quarterly of Texas State Historical Association, VII, 271-273; 
Niles Register, XLIX, 234^-235. 



216 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

to N Orleans and negotiate (under instructions) for the Loan of $100 000 
We have our fears of the success as we find in N. Orleans, Bee and the Reso- 
lutions of the meeting at Nachitoches urging our declaration of Independ- 
ence as a necessary step to the procuring of aid from the Citizens of the 
U. States. Mr McKinneys Instructions, are to learn the probable success 
before his Buisiness is declared or made public. I hope Mr McKinney will 
Accept and If he fails in negotiating a loan he will no doubt be able to 
Raise considerable by Contributions as Well as have a tendency to Raise 
Volunteers at that Place a man has gone below to forward the Large 
Cannon, Ball and Powder . I sincerely hope he will succeed. Mr W S. Hall 
is on the Guadaloupe Raising Beaves, and getting meal. Mr Baird is here 
collecting as many as 100 If he can in this Quarter. You will properly 
communicate with Mr Hall as Contractor at Gonzales on the subject of 
Meal and Beef for the Army — We do not know how the convention will 
look upon this step of ours to Borrow Money to So Large an amt. but I 
would ask what will we do shall be wait until we are destitute and have 
not a dollar to pay an Express and suffer defeat for fear of Creating Re- 
sponsibilities or should we assume the authority to do all and every thing 
necessary to carry the designs of our friend in the field in to Effect to Give 
them Bread Meat Arms, amunition clothing and Reinforcements from 
abroad we have been already accused of transcending our Powers If we 
have we have the Conscientious Convictions of having but one Aim to save 
texas and Protect our Wives and children complaints from the East made 
through their delegates state that Persons are engaged in taking up choice 
lands to the Prejudice of those in the field. I have had nothing to say in 
the matter myself as an Individual, yet I on reflection approve of the Reso- 
lution to suspend all land entries till the meeting of the consultation when 
as we Give assurances in Our resolutions, those who serve in the Army shall 
be provided for on terms perfectly satisfactorily to their wishes. We have 
written to them to come down here. They are friendly We are told that 
Roag [Rueg] the Political [chief] at Nacogdoches has ordered out the 
Mexicans in that Quarter in behalf of the Constitution. 

[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin Commander in Chief Head Quarters 

Austin to the Convention 1 

Head Quarters, Mission of 
Conception, 1 V2 Miles From 
Bejar, October 28, 1835. 
TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE CONVENTION OF TEXAS. 

Sir, — I have the honor to inform you that the enemy, to the number of 
about three hundred cavalry and one hundred infantry, as nearly as can 



x From a newspaper clipping. The original is in Army Papers, Texas State Library. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 217 

be ascertained, with two pieces of cannon, at sunrise this morning, attacked 
a detachment from the army, consisting of ninety men, under the command 
of colonel Bowie and captain Fanning, who were posted at this place; and 
after a warm engagement of three hours, were repulsed with the loss of one 
piece of cannon, (a six-pounder) and about thirty muskets, sixteen men 
left dead on the field, and, from the best accounts, nearly as many more 
were carried off. The number of wounded we can only conjecture, with 
the exception of two that remained on the field. It is with great regret I 
have to say, that on our side we had one man, Richard Andrews, of Mina, 
dangerously wounded — I fear mortally. But we have sustained no other 
loss, except a few horses. 

The main body of the army came up, in about thirty minutes after the 
enemy had retired. A more circumstantial account of this action, which 
has resulted so gloriously to the federal army, and more particularly to the 
individuals immediately engaged, will be given as soon as it can be 
made out. 

The overwhelming superiority of force, and the brilliancy of the victory 
gained over them, speak for themselves in terms too expressive to require 
from me any further eulogy 

I have just learned that the cavalry of the enemy was commanded by 
colonel Ugartechea, and the infantry by colonel Mariano Cos, brother of 
the general, Martin Perfecto. 

S. F. Austin 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry 

2 miles from Bexar Oct 28 th 
We arrived here about the middle of the day. A party of 90 men under 
Bowie and Capt Fannin who were sent here yesterday to pick out a position 
for the army were attacked by 300 cavalry and 100 infantry with two pieces 
of artillery the attack was made about day brake, 16 mexicans were left 
dead on the ground and several wounded and dead were taken off by the 
cavalry. Capt. Richard Andrews from the Colorado was shot in the stom- 
ach It is supposed he will die one or two more were slightly wounded is 
all the injury we sustained. The main army did not arrive from the mis- 
sion de Espada where it was stationed untill about one hour after the battle. 
The contest lasted 4 hours, We took an excellent brass piece, a long 6 
pounder which will be of service to us, they succeeded in getting away with 
the other pieces, We have upwards of 400 men and provision tolerable 
plenty 4 waggons have arrived with Supplies, We are now near the Mission 
Concepcion on the San Antonio River. We occupy the banks of the river, 
plenty of bushes and trees which saved the lives of many of our soldiers 



218 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

100 men will be here to morrow from Nacogdoches and 3 or 4 peices of 
artillery shortly Bexar I think will fall shortly. An express was arrested 
yesterday with letters from Matamoros and other places by which we re- 
ceived letters directed to Cos etc stating that money and troops were scearce 
articles. The Montazuma now Bravo is ordered to the Arransas to cruiz but 
without troops, There are 6 cannon mounted in Bexar to recieve us, and 
about 650 men I think after hearing all the stories about the dead and 
wounded the enemy lost 50 men as to the dead I saw 15 or 16 myself on 
the ground and two prisoners badly wounded now in our camp, We have 
four prisoners. 

Joel is well so are the two McNeels and Hassell neither of them had a 
chance to distinguish themselves. Uncle is much better in fact he is well 

I hope the campaign will soon be over. I have written 2 or 3 times since 
I left San felipe 

The express is about starting Joel's and my love to all 

M. Austin Bryan [Rubric] 

N B I write on my lap and in a hurry M A B 

Somervell is Major he sends his respects 

[Addressed:] Mr James F Perry Peach Point Mr Gay will forward this 
by the first opportunity 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 23 th Octr 1835 
Genl Austin 

The scruples which we feel in the acts of Great Responsability which we 
have taken and must take if the Convention does not meet Verry soon 
Imperiously require an Expression of the will of the members in Camp sent 
to us in the form of Resolutions I have solicited this before at the request 
of all the members of the council and it is today again urged upon me to 
request authority from that Quarter 

R R. Royall President 

N B. a few days since the Council permitted Capt Saviego to depart 
upon his oath in writing in favour of the Constitution of 1824 and the 
People of Texas, while struggling for Republican Principles the others 
offered the same but was refused R R R 

[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin Head Quarters Texas Army. 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 28 th Octr 1835 
Genl Austin 

Your letters have Just arrived (of date 24th Inst) and the Council and 
citizens General are rejoiced at the flatering prospects of our cause We 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 219 

believe you will probably be 900 strong by the time this Reaches you We 
have nothing more to communicate except we still have confidence that 
Reinforcements may be reived on as continuing to flow in. 

R. R. Royall Presdt. 
[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin Head Quarters Mr Baker 

Resolution of Permanent Council 

Whereas, it has been Represented to this Council that Thomas Jefferson 
Chambers, John A. Williams and Co 1 - Barrett are engaged in throwing 
obstacles in the way of the cause for which the people of Texas are fighting 
and using the Influence of their Talents to prevent the unguarded from Es- 
pousing our cause and advocating that of the Enemy with whoom we are at 
open war — 

Therefore be it Resolved that the case be Reported to the commander in 
chief and the officers for their — consideration and advice which was dis- 
cussed and unanimously adopted 

R. R. Royall, President 

A. Houston Secy 

on Motion of Dr Evrett It was Resolved that the report of Mosley Baker 
and Frank Johnson be printed and that the thanks of this Council be Pre- 
sented to those gents for their zeal in the cause 

R. R Royall prst 

A. Houston Secty 

[Addressed:] Genls S F Austin and Saml Houston Head Quarters Texas 
Army 

List of Stores 

List of articles of Subsistence, camp furniture etc forwarded to Head 
Quarters, pr order of the Com. in Ch., under charge of Maj. Geo. Souther- 
land, Oct. 28 th - 1835— by P. Dimitt, Comg at Goliad. 

43 Barrels Flour 
6 Sacks Salt 
3 do Coffee 

2 Boxes Sugar 
1 Cask Claret 
1 Barrel Gin 

1 do Rum 

1 do Cordial 

3 Boxes Wine 

4 do Soap 

2 do Sperm Candles 



220 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

3 Bales Tobacco 

2 doz Iron Kettles 

2 " Tin Pans 

2 " Cups 

2 " Frying Pans 

1 " Horn 

— As received from the Com'g of Subsistence by 

Ira Ingram [Rubric] 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

Port Goliad, Oct. 2S. th 1835 
2 o.c. P. M. 

To Gen. S. F. Austin Com. in Ch. of the Army of the People, 

Dear Sir, we send you herewith, in addition to the 8 loads, mention d in 
the official of this morning, 4 loads more — conveying 29 Barrels Flour, 
and One Box of Gun Powder Tea. 

P. Dimit Com d 

S. Rhoads Fisher to Austin 

[Matagorda, October 29, 1835. See Calendar.] 

R. R. Royall to Austin 

San Felipe 29 th Oct. 1835 
General Austin 
Dear Sir, 

Cheering news! From intelligence that has poured in upon us this 
morning we are emboldened to declare that Texas will and must be free! 

Many letters are now before us from which we have time only to cull the 
most prominent facts. Those addressed to you we forward. We are happy 
in announcing to you the arrival among us of 60 or 70 fine young men 
from New Orleans well equipped and in complete uniform, and who are 
already on their March from Brazoria to Goliad. Another vessel contain- 
ing many more is hourly expected. Seventy five men have gone up Red 
River also from New Orleans, intending to come by land from Nachitoches, 
where no doubt they will recieve such accessions as to augment the number 
to 300 men. Letters from McKinney and Williams and others below urge 
you to write for supplies of any or all kinds, and your orders shall be 
promptly filled. Mr Wm. H. Smith who went below on express and as our 
agent, has received our thanks, and the applause of all others for his very 
prompt attention to every commission given him to execute. Every thing 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 221 

you have yet sent for will be forwarded. The 12 pounder is on the way, 
the 18 pounder is also by this time on the way. The 6 pounder from Mata- 
gorda left several days since by water for La Baca, intended for La Bahia. 
We have only time to say that should you require the aid of the Volunteers 
from the United States, you will order them from Goliad to San Antonio. 
The troops expected now from Louisiana will be directed to meet you at 
Bexar. 

R. R. Royall Presd 
[Addressed:] Genl S. F. Ausin Head Quarters Mr Baker 

Silas Dinsmore to Perry 
[Quintana, October 30, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

Fort Goliad, Oct. 30 th - 1835 
To Gen. Stephen F. Austin, 
Com. in Ch. of the Army of the People, 
Dear Sir, 

Sinee the date of my last (28th inst.) by hands of Maj. Geo. Southerland, 
who left this on that day, in charge of the teams, dispatched to Head Quar- 
ters with provisions, events have transpired here which call for a free and 
full exposition. 

On the receipt of yours of the 23d ins. prohibiting any volunteer the 
option of leaving this fortress without permission from the Commandt., 
under the penalty of being reported and published a deserter, it was pub- 
lickly read on parade to the men under my command. On some, it had a 
salutary effect, and produced a change of purpose, highly favoarable to the 
success of the campaign. On others, it either had no effect, or, if any, a 
very different one, from that intended. 

Yesterday, three officers, Dr. Erwin, Surgeon; Lieut. David M. Collins- 
worh, and Lieut. A. H. Jones; and three privates, Milton Hicks, Edward B. 

Wooten and Atkinson, mustered and left this fortress, not only without 

permission, but in open contempt of the general order above quoted, and 
took up the line of march for Head Quarters, near Bexar. This occurred 
about 4 o. c. in the afternoon; and a little after 9 in the evening, five of the 
party returned, and four, Lieut. Jones, Woottin, Hicks, and Atkinson, came 
into the fortress, reporting the loss of one of their number — Lieut. Collins- 
worth. Not considering themselves under my command, no official report 
was made to me. Their verbal statement, however, is, that they were fired 
on by a party, lying in ambush by the road side — that the fire was instantly 
succeeded by a shrill yell, at which their horses were greatly alarmed — one 



222 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

of the pary was thrown from his horse — one lost his gun and all the others, 
one excepted, were carried some distance before they could stop their 
horses. They further state, that, at the crack of the enemy's guns, Lieut. 
Collinsworth was seen to fall from his horse and heard to utter the excla- 
mation — "0 Lord" — Jones and Wootten say they were in favor of return- 
ing to the scene of action, but as the others were unwilling to do so, they 
all returned, without firing a gun, and without making an effort to relieve, 
or bring off their wounded companion. He was therefore left on the 
ground, to the mercy of the enemy. 

Early this morning, the five survivors returned with 8 or 10 others, to 
the scene of action, or rather, of attack and flight, for the purpose of recon- 
noitering and bringing in the dead. 

It would be doing much injustice to confound these volunteers, indis- 
criminately together. That Doctor Irwin originated, and headed the 
mutiny; and drew the others, either directly, or indirectly into it, proof 
abundant, and of the most respectable character, can be furnished from 
here, on the shortest notice. The conduct of this man too, on former occa- 
sions, has been highly improper, unmilitary, and very rash. 

Oct. 31st. 1 o.c. P.M. — Since writing the above, the party that left yes- 
terday morning, have returned with the dead body of the deceased, David, 
M. Collinsworth — He was shot in the neck, scalped, and mangled in the 
face with a tomahawk or hatchet. 

The Deceased was buried to day, with the honors of War. From the 
statements of those who returned with the Body, there can be little doubt 
that the assailants were savages. The number quoted, varies from 6 to 
10 — The assailants did not even wait to divest the body of its apparel — 
The cap only, was missing. His gun was probably taken, as it was not 
found. His belt, shot-pouch, etc. etc. and pocket money $7.37 % were 
found on him, and returned. These facts furnish their own comment, and 
supersede the necessity for any remarks by me. 

A recruit of 20 men arived here last evening from Bay Prairie. An 
Iron, Six pound Cannon, with a small supply of ammunition, from Mata- 
gorda, has been forwarded by order of the Committee there, in compliance 
with my request, and is now at Guardeloupe Victoria. 

I have ordered a detachment of 35 men, under the Command of Adjutant 
Ira Westover, to proceed forthwith to Le Panteclan, the garrison on the 
Nueces, reduce and burn it. The arms and Ammunition if possible, will be 
brought off; and, if practicable, the public horses taken, and driven to this 
place. 

The citizens of this vicinity have furnished 20 horses for this campaign 
— and those of Guardeloupe Victoria, have made a tender of thirty head of 
Beeves for the public service. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 223 

Lam informed, that, Capt. Savriago has left S. Felipe, on parole, granted 
by Zavalla and others — and that he has gone to Matamoros; but I have 
ordered the making of every officer at the Nueces prisoner, if possible. I 
am informed, that, a party of 25 or 30 Comanches have been seen near 
Baing's(?) in the neighborhood of Guardeloupe Victoria. 

On the reduction of Bexar, the earliest instructions concerning the dis- 
position of the Arms and ammunition at this place, are particularly 
solicited. Your instructions too, relative to the property left in the houses 
from which the flour, sugar, coffee, candles, soap, liquors, etc. etc. have 
been taken, the title to which is contested, or is supposed by some to belong 
to private individuals — by others, to the nation. — are earnestly solicited. 

P. Dimitt Com g [Rubric] 

R. R. Royall to Volunteers at Bexar 

San Felipe. October 31 st -1835 
To Genl. S. F. Austin Genl. Saml Houston and Volunteers Generally 
Friends and Fellow Citizens 

We understand from persons from head Quarters that much disatisfac- 
tion prevails in camp on account of being uncomfortable, we most ear- 
nestly hope you will not desert the Noble Enterprise so boldly and man- 
fully Begun, will You leave our frontier to the Ravages of a cowardly foe 
who dare not oppose you when In the Field, will you sacrifice Texas and 
the Fame you have already won for the sake of a little momentary comfort, 
will you forsake the fine settlements to the West (Guadaloupe and La 
Vaca.) only for the sake of a little Respite from the Inclemency of the 
approaching winter, thereby giving the Enemy confidence in themselves 
and a contempt for us. We cannot believe it. You are still Americans 
and will sustain your character as such Gentlemen and Friends. If you 
desert San Antonio you will almost Ruin, Texas. As for comforts you shall 
want for none Wagons are on the Road with Corn meal shugar, coffee 
and Bacon Flour some arms, canon and Ball. Blanketts tent cloth shoes 
etc are also started from Columbia and Brazoria our friends there Invite 
you to send for what you want and nothing will be refused you If you 
want Clothing a heavy stock has Just arrived in Brazoria, Quintana and 
Matagorda, do but say and it shall be sent you without price or trouble on 
your Part let each Capt Report his wants to the commander and this 
council has provided means to fill every order nothing can be Ordered 
but what will be at your command we will send it on Pack Horses, If you 
are in a hurry we can get an abundance of Warm Clothing Blanketts Shoes, 
and Tents If you will but Just ask for it. Reinforcements are coming 
from every Quarter and If you but Just hold on a little San Antonio must 
fall Just at the sight as If it were of your superior numbers. If you or a 



224 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

portion of you leave it will discourage and prevent the Reinforcements 
now getting up in all parts of the Country 75 men from N. Orleans, in 
complete uniform have Just left Brazoria and will soon Join you an Ex- 
press from Lake Creek says in a few days 50 men from that Quarter will 
leave for head Quarters men from Nacogdoches came in today and from 
all accounts we Expect a Great many more from there in a few days. 75 
left N. Orleans by steam for Nachitoches destined for Texas and will be 
soon along, another vessel full is hourly expected at Velasco and from 
cow Bayou some 30 or 50 more beside our letters from the U States In 
form us of Companies being in readiness all along the Mississippi River 
and from the Calls we have made Upon them we cannot fear but there will 
be in a few weeks as many troops as we want when our Farmers may return 
home and attend to their Bussiness. You must see that we have every thing 
to expect and nothing to loose by holding on. you will be assuredly re- 
lieved in the meantime every comfort ever known in an Army shall be 
afforded you If you will but ask for it. 

Felow citizens we would Gladly Join you in the Army but there is but 
a few of us and your necessities require that we stay here to forward sup- 
plies and take all other steps to advance the Cause you are fighting for. 
Felow Citizens 

You are where the news of state of things dont Reach you we hear 
from all parts of Texas and the United States, of Reinforcements men and 
money. As much As we want can soon be had We could not expect to 
Rise up and conquer the Enemy in a few Weeks and If you but hold on a 
little while all will be well, 

The 12 pounder is perhaps now at Colorado 

The 13 " is started from Columbia with con- 

siderable Powder and Ball I am shure these circumstances should en- 
courage you If they afford no other advantage you can plant them where 
they will knock a few of their Houses about their Ears, the Wagon from 
Matagorda will cross the Colorado I suppose to day with shugar, coffee, 
Iron for slugs etc etc the wagon with musketts is on the Road and also 
Bacon We earnestly hope] that the next we hear is you have determined 
never to abandon your hold and Receive an Order for more tent Cloth 
Blanketts Warm Clothing shoes etc etc. The things already on the Road 
in the way of clothing is 300 Blanketts 250 prs shoes 600 yds tent cloth, 
soap and candles. We Remain Very Respectfully 

R. R. Royall, Presd Genl Council. 
A. Houston Secty 

N B. If you wish the Volunteers from N. O. to come to Bexar send to 
Goliad for them they will be there in a few days from this 

ft. R. R. 
[Addressed:] Generals Austin and Houston Head Quarters Bexar 






the austin papers 225 

George Huff to Austin 

[DeWitt's, October 31, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Austin to Bowie and Fannin 1 

Head Quarters on the Canal above Bexar Oct. 31 st 1835 
To Col - James Bowie and Cap n - Fanning, 

I have taken a position on the Alamo Canal at the mouth of a dry gully 
about one mile from town, — There is one, a little nearer, but it can not be 
occupied to day — I have certain information that all the surplus horses 
except about 250 or 200, were started to Laredo last night. The number 
that left is reported at 900 head — The escort does not exceed twenty or 
thirty men — 

I have dispatched Cap n - Travis with 50 men to overtake and capture 
them — He has good guides and I have no doubt will succeed — 

I have to inform you that a servant of Antonio de la Garza came into 
camp today bringing a proposition from the greater part of the S. Fer- 
nando Company of Cavalry, and the one of Rio-Grande — to desert — This 
man was sent to procure a guarantee for them, when they come out — I 
have given the guarantee and have now to communicate, to you the mode 
in which they will come out to us — when etc. — He says they will be obliged 
to come in the day time, upon some occasion of alarm, when they are or- 
dered out, — These troops are stationed in the house of Padilla in one of 
the lower labors which Col.° Bowie understands the situation of — It would 
be well then for you to morrow to make a diversion on that side, so as to 
produce the necessary stir; so that they may be ordered out, and thus give 
these men the chance to come out as it were on duty and then escape — 
They will present themselves with the britch of their guns advanced or a 
white flag — Padilla has many acquaintances in those companies, who sent 
in Garza's servant (Jose Ortis) to have an understanding with him as to 
the guarantee and the mode of joining us. — 

In regard to the measure of harassing the enemy to night as was spoken 
of, before we parted, by simultaneous firing on the town, I have today 
thot I am obliged to decline it; owing partly to the condition of the men 
here at present, having lost so much sleep last night; and partly to the 
difficulty of crossing the river from here, so as to cooperate in time with 
the men on foot — As you will make a diversion tomorrow for the purpose 
of bringing out the Deserters, you will therefore decline anything of the 
kind tonight unless you think it better to proceed on your part — If you 
think so you can act as you think best, in that respect, but without expecting 

1 From Army Papers, Texas State Library. 



226 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

any cooperation from this quarter, for the reason I have mentioned — I will 
however mention that a few men from here may probably fire on the Alamo, 
which is you know on this side of the River — about moon down — 

As there is abundance of corn here, you can use that brought by Seguin 
for your Detachment. 

I wish you to send to Seguins Ranch for some rockets that are there — 
2 or 3 dozen — In Spanish they are called quetes pronounced quates — we 
may want them — 

Please to give me your opinions and those of your officers as to the mode 
of further operation on the enemy. 

By order 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 
W. D. C. Hall Adjt Gen. 

Dispatch the bearer with your answer to night as soon possible 

S. F. A. 

I wish your opinions as to storming or besieging — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

■ 
Bowie and Fannin to Austin 

Camp below Bexar 5 Oclk P M 
1 Novr 1835 
To Genl S F. Austin 

Dr Sir — In accordance with your orders, we have made all the display 
possible, with our little small Division — Such an effect was produced, and 
the men being all well pleased with their situation about 800 yards below 
Town, that we determined to occupy it, and have in consequence brought up 
the Baggage etc from Concepcion, and have thrown a rough bridge across 
to River, and thus occupy both banks — We are resolved to hold it as long 
as our numbers can justify it, and it meets your approbation — We are 
exposed, and they must certain know our force, and may in all probability 
attempt to dislodge us — Should we be uninterrupted tonight, we will en- 
deavour to strengthen the post — Will you allow us to once more, say that 
a more equeal division of forces [is desirable] 

J. W. Fannin, Jr. 
James Bowie 
P. S. we have reed no deserters — nor any evidence to justify the beleif 
that any will be reed — 

Every thing seems to wear the appearance of resistance — Should you 
not send to us to night, be on the look out early in the morning. 

J. W. Fannin Jr 
As we are here in a very exposed situation much more than you are we 
earnestly request that you immediately send us a reinforcement the troops 
will not be satisfied without it 



the austin papers 227 

Austin to Bowie and Fannin 1 

Head Quarters Novem. r l. st 1835 
To Col. James Bowie and Capt. n Fanning, 

Your communication of this morning was received and is satisfactory in 
every respect to myself and all others — 

I sent in a demand today, for a surrender Gen. 1 Cos stated that his duty 
would not permit him to receive any official communication and of course 
it was returned, unopened, — He in a short time after sent out Padre Garza 
with a flag to say to me, verbally that he had absolute orders from his 
Government to fortify Bexar and hold it at all hazards — that as a military 
man His honor and duty required obedience to these orders, that he would 
defend the place until he died, if he had only ten men left with him — 

This is all that has passed between us — I approached on this side to day 
within Cannon shot — they fired four at us — one shot (Ball) passed over 
our heads and one of grape fell in the lines but fortunately injured 
no one — 

From every information the fortifications are much stronger than has 
been supposed and the difficulty of storming of course much greater, — The 
system of alarms will be kept up as much as possible night and day, and 
the place invested as closely as practicable — For this purpose I expect to 
station the Adjutant General with a competent force at the old mill, a short 
distance from there — 

I have no information yet of Travis — A report reached Camp this after- 
noon through a person from Bexar that an Express had just been received 
there, stating that Savariego had escaped from S. Felipe and had raised 
the Irish on the Nueces, and in union with the troops at that place had 
attacked Goliad — It is however only a report — 

The enclosed papers is from a Confidential source — I had forgotten to 
mention that the Adjutant General made a demonstration on the other side 
with a Detachment 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

Since the within was written I have received yours of this afternoon — 

The forces are not so unequally divided as appears at first view — Travis 
is constantly out on some extra duty — He is now out, I expect him to night 
and must then send him to escort the cannon — I wish to occupy the mill 
and another position — our prisoners are dayly increasing and require a 
strong guard. 

However as equal a division will be made as is compatible with the serv- 
ice — we have many sick — Every thing shall be done on my part possible 
for the service and to keep up harmony. 

1 From Army Papers, Texas State Library 



228 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Our position here is far from being a strong one — we have no bank for 
defense — a good position can not be found without going too far off. I 
submit these matters to your calm judgement — It is known that head quar- 
ters are here and the main attack will be here if any is made 

I have just heard from Travis he will not be back untill late tomorrow — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin 

San Felipe Nov 1 st 1835 
Dear General, 

Your note to Mr. Jack and myself, I received late last night — 

I regret to hear of your ill health, and wish it was in my power to send 
you some suitable nourishment for the body, as well as for the mind how- 
ever, I think we have nothing to complain of with respect to the latter. 

I will use my utmost in raising and forwarding "the one thing needful" 
I think too that the consultation ought to make provisions in the case, and 
hope and trust they will I am just now going down to see what can be 
done. You will see by the paper that the council has appointed me col- 
lector, and in all probability money will be paid on land, being much due. 
I send you $70. which is all I have collected on your account since you left 
except $5 which I sent by a gentleman which took charge of the pack horse 
sent with your tent. etc. — I would send you some on my own account but 
for the printing establishment which at this time is a heavy burden upon 
us Have not received 75 dollars yet on our subscription: and our expenses 
for workmen, making improvements etc has been 250 dollars per month. 

So long as the war lasts it will be a dead and heavy weight upon us — 
Thomas writes pressingly for me to come to camp — If I should go, the 
business could not go on. 

Dear friend I hope the intelligence from the United States will so en- 
courage the men under your command, that they will not think of aban- 
doning their post. Tom writes me that you intend to hold on so long as 
you have 10 men and that you will waste your health by inches before you 
will retreat. 

May the God of Hosts protect and preserve you many years 

G. Borden Jr [Rubric] 

I Inclose (50) fifty dollars and send you twenty by the hands of Mr. 
McFadden who will hand you this — The money being the same that I col- 
lected for you. — G. B. 



the austin papers 229 

Minutes of Council of War 

Head Quarters Nov r - 2 1835 
At the Councel of War called on th's morning, Consisting of Gen 1 S. F. 
Austin, Commander in chief, Col n - Warren D C Hall Adj fc - Gen 1 - Col n John 
H Moore, Lieut Coin. Burleson, Maj r - Wm H Jack, Col n Patrick Jack Quar- 
ter Master Gen 1 - Maj r - Somerville, Maj r - Benj. W. Smith, Capt n - Caldwell, 
Capt 11 - Ebberly, Capn. Bennett, Capt n - Swilcher, Capt n - Bird Capt n - Goheen, 
Capt n - John Alley, Capt n - Nail, Lieut. Aldridge, Leut. Splan, Lieut. Has- 
sell, Lieut. Barnett, Lieu t- Money, Lieu t - Hunt, Lieut Perry Lieut Stapp, 
Lieu 1 - Hinsley and Lieut Dickenson — 

— The object of the call of the Council, being explained by the Com- 
mander in chief to be, to have the opinion and determination of the officers 
in regard to the best measures of immediate operation on the enemy, 
whether by closer investment simply or by storm— after much conversation 
and discussion, It was proposed by Maj r - W H Jack, that the question be 
directly put to the Council, whether a storm would or would not be expe- 
dient at the present moment — on the information, in possession of the Com- 
mander in chief in regard to the State of fortifications in Bejar being sub- 
mitted — The question was accordingly put by the Commander in chief, and 
the same was decided in the negative by all the officers present, with the 
exception of Maj r - Benj n - W Smith who voted substantially in the affirma- 
tive, saying that in his opinion the Town ought to be taken immediately. — 
It was then decided unanimously by the Council, that such positions 
should be taken for the Army, at present as would best secure it from the 
Cannon shot of the enemy and enable it at the same time to carry on 
offensive operations, whilst we are waiting for the larger 18 lb cannon and 
additional reinforcements. — 

[S. F. Austin.] 

Austin to Bowie and Fannin 1 

Head Quarters above Bexar Nov., 2 1835 
To Colo. Bowie and Capt. Fanning, 

I enclose you the result of a council of War held this morning by the 
officers of this division — you will see that the Council has decided it is 
inexpedient to attempt to take Bexar by storm at present — that the army 
should take such a position as will enable it to harrass the enemy as much 
as possible, out of reach of Cannon until the 18 pound battering pieces and 
additional reinforcements arrive — This decision is submitted to the con- 
sideration of the officers of your division. 

^n Austin's Order Book, as cited, page 27. 



230 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

In addition I will add several suggestions that were made — One is to 
occupy the Mill by 200 men and post the balance on the river under cover 
of a bank above and continue the battallion below in the position it now 
occupies — To this it is objected, that our force is not sufficient to invest 
the town, so as to prevent supplies from entering and that no important 
object can be effected in that way, that more can be done by uniting the 
whole force above town and sending out parties of 50 men, every day and 
night to range around, drive off cattle etc. As to corn it is certain they 
have a large supply inside — This point is therefore also submitted to your 
consideration, whether or not the whole force ought to be united above 
town where corn is plenty and harass the enemy by keeping out beeves by 
means of detachments and wait until the battering cannon and reenforce- 
ments arrive or whether the army should remain divided as it now is. 

To decide this point, the only question is this; can the present force in- 
vest Bexar all around? if it can not, how can beeves be prevented from 
going in, except by keeping detachments constantly out? Can these De- 
tachments be sent and kept out, at all, while the Army is divided? 

I will now make a suggestion of my own for your consideration — It is 
this — you will take a safe position below — I will do the same above each 
division will 'be subdivided into parties of 20 or 25 men — one of these 
parties will leave the upper division at day light and range around on the 
west and sleep with you at night — a similar party will start from your di- 
vision at the same time from the mouth of Salado and the missions up the 
Salado and sleep here at night — a similar detachment will start at night 
from each camp and range around in the same way until they make the 
circle and get back to their respective divisions — I prefer this arrange- 
ment to the other. 

I shall await your answer before I come to a final conclusion. 

I shall dispatch a confidential man back to bring out the 18 pound 
cannon and Shot, and also send Farmer to Gonzales to make round ball — 
but shall not do it untill I receive an answer from you to this communica- 
tion — I therefore wish you to give me an answer as soon as possible. 

Should you be decidedly of opinion that the whole force should be united 
— you can act on that decision at once, without any further order from 
me — Should you prefer remaining, do so, and give your opinions as to the 
best way of keeping out beeves — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 
300 blanket, 300 p. r Shoes 

cloths for tents are on the way out — this information was recv. d last 
night — The 3 cannon 1 — 6 pounder 2, 4 pounders will be at the cibolo 
to morrow night — 

The mill will be occupied to day 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 



the austin papers 231 

Fannin to Austin 

below Bexar 
At a council of the officers (held 2 nd - Nov. 1835.) of the Division under 
command of Col. n Bowie convened by order of the commander in chief 
in order to take into consideration the resolutions adopted by the com- 
mander in chief and other officers under his immediate command at Head 
Quarters above Bexar. Cap*- J. W. Fanning was called to the chair and 
S. Whiting appointed Secretary — 

The 1 st - motion whether or not the Town of Bexar should or should not 
be stormed was put and carried in the negative — Those who voted in he 
affirmative were Cap 1, Parott of artillary and Liu*- Wren — Those who 
voted in the negative were W m H. Wharton Judge advocate, Cap 1 - Colman, 
Rusk, Briscoe, Fanning, Liu 1 - Irwin, Logan, Teal Tomlinson York, English, 
Caulder, Moreland, Hardin, Foot, Bennett, Williams, Northcross and adj 1 - 
Martin — 

the 2 nd - Resolution of the council was unanimously adopted, on motion 
of Cap 1 - Rusk seconded by W m - H. Wharton. It was resolved that this 
Division immediately unite with the main army above Bexar — 
the Yeas, and Naes on this Resolution were as follows — 
Yeas. Naes — 

Wm. H. Wharton Cap*- Parott 

Adjt- Rusk " Colman 

Fanning Briscoe 

Bennett , Lt. I rw i n 

Williams York 

Foot Calder 

Hardin Northcross 

Moreland 
English 
Tomlinson 
Teal 
Logan 
Wren 

S. Whiting J. W. Fanning 

Sec*- chairman 

♦ 

Camp— 4 oclk. P. M 2 Nov 1835 

Oen l Austin, 

I herewith enclose you the decision of the coun[c]il of officers of this 
Division — I have ordered every thing packed up, and hold myself ready 
to march to you forthwith — Will you send us a Pilot, that we may know tie 
best approach etc. — I would prefer Cap 1 Lockhart — The courier reports, 
that the spies, informed him that the Enimy has the Mills — Let us know, 



232 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

that we may make the best display etc. and whether you prefer our march- 
ing to join you tonight In haste, I am etc. 

J W Fannin 
[Addressed:] Gen 1 - S. F Austin 

Austin to Bowie and Fannin 1 

Head Quarters Nov. r 2. d 1835 
To Col - Bowie and Capt n - Fanning, 

In accordance with the decision of a majority of your officers and my 
own views — you will march the Detachment under your command to this 
encampment either tonight or in the morning as you may choose — It may 
be inconvenient to march tonight after receiving this dispatch of this you 
will however be able to judge and can use your discretion — 

I send you a good Guide — 

The Mill is at present occupied by a Detachment under Col°- Burleson— 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

W. D. C. Hall Adjt. Genl. 

Austin to Philip Dimmitt 

Head Quarters Nov. 2. d - 1835 
One Mile above Bexar 
To P. Dimmit Comandant at Goliad 

I have the Satisfaction to inform you that on the morning of the 28 th 
ultimo, there was an attack made by about 300 Cavalry and 100 infantry 
of the enemy, upon a Detachment of the Army, Commanded by Col. James 
Bowie and Cap n Fanning near the Mission Concepcion, The enemy 
brought on 2 pieces of Cannon for a vigorous assault. — They were received 
in the best Manner — The battle lasted for some 2 or 3 hours and resulted 
in the retreat of the enemy with the loss as we have well ascertained of at 
least 50 Killed and wounded — and one piece of Cannon — Sixteen were left 
dead on the field, and 2 wounded — the balance were Carried off — Our 
men were posted along the bank of the river under good cover and sus- 
tained the loss of only one man. Rich d - Andrews of Mina mortally wounded 
and since dead — 

In regard to future operations here, I am afraid they will be tedious and 
prolonged, owing to the Strength of the fortifications of this place of 
which we have Certain information — 

Whether the Army Can be Kept together long enough to await the ar- 
rival of reinforcements and the necessary supply of heavy battering Can- 
non and Munitions I am sorry to say is somewhat uncertain — It has been 

3 From Army Papers, Texas State Library 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 233 

almost unanimously decided by a Council of the officers that the place is 
too strong to be stormed by the Kind of force we have — There was from 
this opinion but one dissenting voice — So you see our Condition — 

There was a rumor which came from Bexar yesterday that Savariego 
had escaped from S Felipe — gone to the Nueces raised the Irish there and 
joining them with the troops at that place had attacked Goliad — But I 
attach no credit to the report, as I know positively that he Savariego was in 
S. Felipe a week ago 

S. F. Austin 

P S My health has been very bad since I was at Cibolo and has not 
improved — quite the reverse — I am much debilitated. 

S. F. A. 

Your last Communications were reed giving an account of the pro- 
visions on the way, for which we are very grateful. 

S. F. A. 

John Fisher to Austin 

Gonzales Nov 3 d 1835 
Sir 

As secretary of the Committee of safety for this municipality I have to 
address you upon a matter revolting to the feelings of every American not 
destitute of every moral principle. Yesterday the troops from Ayish 
Bayou arrived in this place, in consequence of the Boat being turned over 
to be put in a situation for service, the Troops were compelled to remain 
untill this morning. Last night a scene such as in all probability never 
was exhibited , in any civilized country presented itself to us — Upon the 
Armys leaving this place not more than 12 Men and 3 or 4 guns were left 
most of the men were invalids, the balance of the population composed of 
women (whose Husbands are in the Army) and children, those men (The 
Ayish Bayou) entered private Houses, compelled women to leave their 
House with their Children and seek protection from their neighbours, 
Broke open doors. Robbed of Money clothing and every thing they could 
lay their hands on and dragged Dr Smithers from his bed and would have 
murdered him, but for the interferance of some one of the company who 
possessed some little more of the milk of human kindness than the bal- 
ance — I am directed by the Committee to ask for a detachment of 20 men 
from the Main Army to protect this place and to assist in sustaining the 
forces as they come on Capt Johnson, English and Sublet can in all prob- 
abily give information as to the ringleaders in th's Matter — 

Jno Fisher Sec Com Safty Gonzales 

N B The families of this place unless protected, are determined to risk 
the Indians, rather than such men as represented above, some of whom 



234 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

seem determined to remove at once, rather than risk the passing of the 
reinforcement coming on Jno F 

[Addressed:] Genl Stephen F Austin Commander in Chief of the Texas 
forces Mission St Juan. 

Austin to President of Consultation 1 

Head Quarters above Bexar 
Nov. 3. 1835 

In addition to my communication by Col°- McCombs I have dispatched 
this express to urge on with all possible dispatch the battering cannon and 
round shot — I must again repeat that it is useless to send Cannon without 
round shot as well as grape or musket balls — Mr Farmer says there is 
considerable round shot at Anahuac and some at Harrisburgh The army 
will need Blankets, Shoes Coarse cloth, for pantaloons and Jackets, 
Socks etc 

I must earnestly and pressingly urge upon the convention the absolute 
necessity of organizing a regular army and inviting a Military man of 
known and tried Talents to command it. I would suggest Genl. Carrol or 
Genl Ripley though it matters not who, provided he is a man of high 
standing, integrity, influence and known military talents — I must also urge 
more reenforcements. — The Army are anxiously awaiting news from the 
convention 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 
W. D. C. Hall Adjt Genl 
To the President of the Consultation of Texas 

P. S. I also suggest the propriety of sending for a few Mortars and 
bombs and an engineer corps — in short we must have a regular army and 
regular officers and that without any delay — great promptness and energy 
in the convention is necessary at this time — I am ready to mortgage all 
my estate to raise funds — but we must have system and a regular army and 
a Gen 1 - of high military standing 

S. F. Austin 
(getting [out of] paper and wafers My health is bad. 

S. F. A. 

1 From Army Papers, Texas State Library 



the austin papers 235 

Austin to President of Consultation 1 

Head Quarters IV2 miles above Bexar Nov 4. 1835 

To the President of the Consultation of Texas 

heard by Mr Mosley Baker that the opinion is prevalent among the people 
in that part of the country that no more reinforcements are necessary and 
that Bexar will be taken before reinforcements can reach here — On this 
subject I have to assure you I am decidedly of opinion that without very 
strong reenforcements Bexar can not be taken nor with them without bat- 
tering Cannon and from one to two hundred round shots for battering 
down walls — 

The enemy has sixteen Cannon mounted of various calibre up to 18 
pounds — from 6 to 8 more that will be mounted in a few days — They 
have plenty of provisions and about 700 men — 

In the last few days more than 150 men have left this camp to return 
home for winter clothing and other purposes, so that the effective force is 
only about 450 men after deducting the sick — This force, it is known to 
all, is but undisciplined militia and in some respects of very discordant 
materials — The officers from the Commander in chief down are inex- 
perienced in military service — With such a force Bexar can not be ef- 
fectually invested — All that can be, has been done — The enemy have 
been beaten and driven within their walls, with loss in every instance 
where they have made sorties — At the Concepcion they were defeated by 
Col°- Bowie and Capt n - Fanning, with the loss of 1 Cannon and 70 men 
killed wounded and missing Our army has so far done wonders — It has 
confined a superior force within strongly fortified walls — It has beaten 
the enemy in every contest and not a day passes without skirmishing within 
the reach of the enemys grape shot. — It has struggled against all manner 
of privations and sufferings, against want of discipline, dessertion, disen- 
tion, and what is worse than all against what has been considered coldness 
and tardiness in sending out reinforcements. — 

I repeat Bexar can not be taken without 1000 men at the very least and 
the battering cannon of which I have spoken [The men now here?] can 
1 think be kept here till reenforcements arrive — Those who have left have 
all promised to return. It is to be hoped they will have sufficient patriotism 
to do so. 

I have authorized and do authorize the Convention to mortgage all my 
estate if necessary for the public service 

I have dispatched the Adjutant Genl Warren D C Hall and my Aid de 
camp Col°- P. W. Grayson for the purpose of bringing out reenforce- 
ments — Stopping the false and silly rumors that they are unnecessary and 
bringing in the large Cannon with round shot and men to work them . 



1 From Army Papers, Texas State Library 



236 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

I have further to inform you that there is no medicine in camp — and so 
far as I am informed, none on the way — There are no surgical instru- 
ments nor bandages, nor materials for making lint, nor anything else to 
provide for the sick and wounded. — I hope they will be sent immediately 
— as also that additional physicians will come out with the reenforcements. 

I have the satisfaction to inclose you a Detailed report of the Capt s - of 
the engagements of the 28 th - — The action so brilliant in its results proves 
our great superiority to the enemy when they come out from behind their 
walls — I last night received dispatches informing me of the gallant Army 
of patriots who have volunteered and are volunteering from Orleans — I 
have ordered the Capt [at] Goliad to march here — This news is cheering 
and has [raisd the spirits] of the army very much — 

I have to request that no whysky be sent with supplies to the camp — 
Ink Paper and wafers are much wanted 

S. F. Austin Comdt — in Chief — 
By order 

W D C Hall Adjt and Inspt— Genl. 

L. Smither to Austin 

Gonzelas Nov 4 1835 

TO THE COMMANDER AND CHEAF STEPHEN F. AUSTON 

Dear Sir I Regret to bee compeld to address you on such a savage and 
hostile Conduct as was commitd by some of the troops that past this place 
on yesterday or rather come into the place on yesterday after beeing 
guilty of all the bad conduct and Language that Sivelize beeing could put 
up with, after Night there ware a mass Rased among them with a young 
Mr thompson at the head of them ho can bee degnated [designated?] by 
nombers of the men and broke open all most Every house in town and 
Robed all that they could Lay ther hands on and such Insults wire never 
offerd to american women before thire is no tribe of savages or Mexicans 
that would be guilty of such conduct after working on the boat until 
9 or 10 oclock and finding the mob in town Mrs Dickerson ho had been 
drivin from her house cald on me to go and stay in her house to protect 
her person and property 

after goind to Bead thiy Enterd the house twice by bursting Evry door 
and window and coming in crowds and dragd me into the Streats and beat 
my head to a poltice and would have kild me in the most torturing manner 
for no caws on earth but that I was in the house I used Evry means to 
pasefy them but the wild savage would have adherd with more humility 
I Refur you to Evry sober and honable man in this place what my conduct 
has bean as Regards using Every means day and night to ade and assist 
Evry man that has past this place and If the authority of this army dos not 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 237 

take some steps to stop such conduct the wild savages would be preferable 
to the Insults of such Caneblos [cannibals] it appears to have the case 
more or less as for as I can here back [sic] I was placed here by your' 
orders and have adhered to them strictly day and night and if ther is not 
sum stop put to it this place will bee Intirely abandoned. 

L. Smither [Sic] 
a List of damages 

thomas R Millers store broken ope and a bout $100 and all his clothing 
and a newe hat togathe with all most all the clothes that I Had which 
was new 

M Williams 2 fin coats 
1 Blanket 

1 Long Bufelow skin 
S Smith [illegible] 

3 Large Blankets 
... is a small part that is sade to be taken all most Evry house in 
the place broken open and Robd 

L. Smither 
The tales that I Rote you was Rite I scarsely know my head from my 
heals 

[Addressed:] Jeneral Stephen F Austen comander in cheaf at head 
quarter 

L. Smither to Austin 

Gonzelas Nov 4 1835 
Col S. F Austin 

Dear sir you have placed me at this place to attind to such matters as 
directed which all sober and honest men in this place knows that I have 
attended to them day and night the companes that is coming on when in 
this place has broken open allmost Evry house in this place and stole 100 
dollars or thir about of Miller and Treated the wimon of this place worse 
than all the comanshee nation could have done and draged me out of the 
house and nearly beat me to death becos I was in the house of Mr Dickerson 
ho thiy I have no doubt the would have kild if I had not bean there there 
is no authority nor people to punish such people and if the army dosnot 
protect the people at this plac it must bee Intirely abanded by the Inhab- 
tants Mr bell can give you a detale of ther conduct I never have been 
treated so by any beeing on Earth 

If Such people is to be allowd such conduct this section of the country 
had betir be given up to the savage the savages have never been guilty of 
such conduct thire is a young man in the compey by the name of thomp- 



238 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

son ho was the Ring Leader and he is the man and his mob that has nerly 
kild me for nothing on Earth 

L. Smither 
[Addressed:] Jeneral Steven F Austen at Head quartr 

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin 

San Felipe Nov 5 th 1835 
Dear Genl. 

I would say something of the proceedings of our Convention were it not 
that you will get the most important transactions in the hand bill of the 
first days proceedings — Yesterday, however, the day was principally occu- 
pied in discussion on the resolution offered by Mr. Wharton appointing a 
committee "to make a declaration to the world setting forth the reasons for 
which we take up arms etc" Though the discussion was lengthy and ani- 
mated yet coolness and moderation pervaded throughout the debate. 

Your opinion as to what you believed should be the course to pursue 
was introduced as well as several plans all of which were referred to the 
committee on the subject. 1 Whatever may be the decision it will be unani- 
mous. My opinion is, however, that a large majority will declare for the 
principles of the Constitution of 1824 — 

Unanimity and good feeling I believe is the order of the day — and I 
trust all will go well. 

I am waiting to see what the Convention will do on the subject of raising 
money before I attempt to obtain it on your own account. I believe they 
will raise it. They ought to do it I am certain — 

Last night was a cold and stormy night, and I thought of you and the 
army — that perhaps you were in the broad prairy without cover and per- 
haps destitute of wood. I regret to hear your health is not good; and fear, 
the hardships of the Camp and what is worse, the labor of the mind will 
endanger your health. 

Had a conversation with Genl. Houston today — I believe he has the in- 
terest of our country at heart. He made the best speech yesterday I have 
ever heard; the whole tenour of it went to harmonize the feelings of the 
people and to produce unanimity of sentiment. 

I think there is little doubt of much aid and assistance from the United 
States. 

Had the favor this evening of seeing your letter to Dr R Peebles in which 
you advise to suspend for the present, any farther locations in land. Little 
business has been done in the land office for some time past, and I can 

^ee "Declaration of Causes for taking up Arms" by the editor, in Southwestern 
Historical Quarterly, XV, 173—185. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 239 

assure you no advantages has, or will be taken of those who are in the 
field. 

Mr. Jack however can tell you what has been done. Now on another 
subject. 

I have written to brother Tom, that without we had more materials in 
our printing establishment, it was impossible to do work to any extent that 
it was all important, as well for ourselves as the interest of the Country to 
send an agent immediately to N. Orleans for the purpose of getting what 
articles we want, and extend our subscription list, without a great patron- 
age, can not stand the heavy expense of carrying on the office — We have 
sufficient weight of type, but not proportion Mr. Baker can not be spared, 
because he is our only translator — I can not go for the reasons of my 
pressing business, as well of other things, as the improvement of the print- 
ing office. This is, therefore, to request you to give Thomas a furlough so 
soon as you think he can be spared that he may go to the U S for the pur- 
poses above named. My reason for saying so much to you is, that I dis- 
covered from his last letter he was determined not to come home till after 
the campaign; and unless you thought he could better serve the country by 
forwarding our printing establishment, he would not consent to come from 
the field. 

Excuse me for troubling you with so long a letter, and believe me 

G. Borden Jr [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] S. F. Austin Commander in Chief American Army San 
Antonio 

Austin to President of Consultation 1 

Confidential 

Head Quarters above Bexar Nov. 5, 1835 

1 have heretofore expressed an opinion that it would be doubtfull policy 
to grant letters of mark, on more mature reflection I am inclined to change 
that opinion — Every effort will be made to distroy us — we are therefore 
fully justified in resorting to every possible means of defense. 

After the convention have declared for the Constitution and federal 
sistem, and war against centralism, letters of mark might be granted to 
defend our coasts and cruise against the vessels of the centralists and mili- 
tary usurpers — under this view I am in favor of it, and recommend the 
measure , 

In short we are in a war, in which the objects of our enemies is our total 
extermination. It is a matter of life and death — there is no medium or 
middle course left — none at all — under these circumstances there must be 

1 From Army Papers. Texas State Library 



240 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

no half way measures on our side — no hesitation or scruples — The basis of 
the Constitution is just, and to defend that Constitution and ourselves, we 
are fully justifiable in calling in all the aid of every description, we can get. 

I again recommend the immediate organization of a civil Govt, and the 
appointment of a Govr. or civil head — Also the organization of a regular 
army, with a Genl. of well known military talents experience, integrity and 
moral influence. This is very important. 

With regard to certain individuals about whom I have been written to — 
I beg leave to say that the convention is the only competent authority to 
decide whether they are enemies to our country and cause or not — I would 
on this subject respectfully recommend moderation and prudence — The 
Army is in good spirits — the three cannon have arrived and reenforce- 
ments of 180 men — I must however say that the taking of Bexar is very 
difficult — My health for the last two weeks has been so bad that I have 
been unable to attend actively in person to the duties of my station — they 
would be truly arduous to the most experienced man, considering the nature 
of a militia force, where there is no law but moral principle and enthu- 
siasm to keep them together, but they are doubly so to me with a debili- 
tated constitution and bad health, added to a want of experience in Military 
operations — I trust however that the people will be satisfied with the efforts 
and the movements of the army so far. 

We have in every instance driven the enemy within his fortifications 
which are very strong and have gained many signal advantages. 

Nothing will aid Texas so much as an expedition from New Orleans 
against Matamoros under Genl Mexia — It is all important — I recommend 
that every possible effort be made to fit out such an expedition if it has not 
already been done, as I hope it has been 

Stephen F. Austin [Rubric] 

If matamoros is attacked and revolutionized by Mexia, Bexar would fall 
as a matter of course, for all supplies of funds or troops would be cut off. 
There is no way in which funds or men could be employed to so much 
advantage to Texas as in an expedition against Matamoros 

This enterprise merits the first attention of the convention an express, at 
any expense should be sent to the committee of N. Orleans urging this 
expedition, also to N. York — Zavala ought to write to N. York on the sub- 
ject — even a rumor of such a thing would keep troops from being sent 
to Texas — 

The military operations will be pressed now very rapidly, as much so 
as practicable — The convention however must not be surprised should 
Bexar hold out for a long time — It has been unanimously decided in a 
council of war with one exception, that it ought not to be stormed — they 
have plenty of provisions inside — The corn and country around Bexar 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 241 

might be laid waste, it is true and [unreadable] Guadalupe but this will 
ruin the inhabitants who are our friends The grass will all be burnt from 
Rio Grande to Bexar — I shall send parties for this purpose but the other 
measures of laying waste the country round Bexar, I think too hard on the 
inhabitants — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

By Express very important to be sent without delay 

To the President of the General Consultation of Texas wherever it is in 
session 

In the name of Almighty God send no more ardent spirits to this camp — 
if any is on the road turn it back, or have the head knocked out — 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

Fort of Goliad, Nov. 6 th - 1835—6 o.c. AM. 
To Gen. Stephen F. Austin, 

Com. in Ch. of the Army of the People, 
Dear Sir, 

Yours of the 3d. inst by hand of Mr. Kemball, was duly reed, about 
9 o. c. last evening. The Volunteers from N. Orleans, have not yet reached 
here. They were to arrive at the Guardeloupe, last night, and take up the 
line of march at 4 o.c. this morning. We expect them with us this evening. 
Your letter will be laid before them immediately on their arrival at this 
place. 

I forwarded to them yesterday by express, a communication addressed 
to the Officers and privates of that Corps, greeting their arrival, and near 
approach to this post, and tendering such congratulations as the time and 
occasion seemed to recommend. I sent also an escort of 7 men to meet 
them, and by whom as many horses as could be spared, were sent along to 
mount a part, at least, of those who had not been able to procure horses, 
at the time of our last advices. 

I will here observe, that, we are assured, another company, nearly ready 
to leave when that now so near us, left N. Orleans, were to embark for 
Velasco by the next departure, and are supposed to be now on the way. 
Two other companies from N. Orleans, who proceeded by water to Natchi- 
toches, and were to come through by land, are now supposed to be this 
side the Sabine. 

To those who are expected to arrive here to night, as also to all others, 
taking a like participation in the present and approaching struggle, every 
facility in our power to extend, and every aid we can possibly give, will be 
cheerfully, gratefully, and promptly afforded. 

I have now one request to make, and one which carries with it every 
solicitude of my heart for the success of our arms, every deep, every strong 



242 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

and lively sensibility to the glorious termination of the present campaign — 
I ask for permission to exercise my own discretion as to the force requisite 
to sustain this post — and for leave to proceed with the balance, forthwith, 
to Head Quarters. 

Cherishing the hope that you will grant this request, and advise me ac- 
cordingly, as speedily as possible, permit me to subscribe myself, with sen- 
timents of the highest consideration and Esteem, 

P. Dimitt Com g [Rubric] 

P. S. Yours of the same date as that above acknowledged, but, we are 
informed, previously written, and forwarded by Volunteer Baylor, was also 
reed, at the same time last evening. I infer from the tenor of the one last 
penned, that, the implied proposal "to fall back," as stated in the first, was 
ultimately withdrawn, or overruled. Nothing could have been more grati- 
fying than this implied information — as, on the other hand, nothing could 
have been more unwelcome than even the suggestion that such a step was 
among possible expedients. The adoption of a retrograde movement, at 
the present moment, unless coerced by imperious necessity, would, it ap- 
pears to me, with all due respect for the wisdom of your Council, prove 
little less than fatal. To develope, at length, all the evils, direct and con- 
sequential, mediate and immediate, of such a movement, in our first essay, 
with the legions to the east, at our backs, cheering and sustaining us, would 
require pages, whereas it is allowed me to say but little, and that little in 
few words. 

Savriego, I am assured, is below, endeavouring to reorganize — . If I 
take him again, which I shall try to do, he will hardly be permitted, by me, 
to rally a second time. 

P. Dimitt Com g [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] To Gen. Stephen F. Austin Com. in Ch. of the Army of the 
People, Head Quarters 

W. B. Travis to Austin 

Head Quarters, Nov r - 6 th 1835 
To the Commander in chief of the army of Texas 

Sir — Believing that I can not be longer useful to the army without com- 
plaints being made, I herewith tender to your Excellency my resignation 
as Capt. of Cavalry — 

W. B. Travis 

F. W. Johnson et al. Protest 

We the undersigned — assembled at this place with the hope of com- 
pelling Gen. Coss to surrender — and expecting to accomplish that result 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 243 

by starving him out — most Solemnly Protest against any Mexican under 
any pretence save those belonging to our army being permitted to gather 
corn — Beef or any provisions of any Sort — 
San Antonio November 6th 1835 

F. W. Johnson Capt J H Money 

J Eberly Albert Martin 

A Somervell Maj r - P D Messer (?) 

John M Bradley Capt. John English Capt. 

Geo. M Poe Capt Artillery R. B. Irvine 

Parrott " " W. H. Wharton 

Ben R Milam J. W. Fannin Jr 

I am opposed to Mexicans entering the Camp at all 

P. B. Irvine 
T J Rusk 
In addition I am opposed to permission being given to them to return 
when once entering the army 

Wm Scott. 

Austin to Captains 

The Captains of the companies East of the Trinity are ordered to hold 
an Election immediately for Major for the batalion said companies will 
form. They will at the same time hold an election for lieut Co 1 - of the 
Regiment and make returns at Head Quarters at Eleven 0. clock. 

By Order S F Austin Com r - in chief. 

Wm Austin Aid de Camp Head Quarters 7th Nov 1835 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry 

1% Miles from Bexar Novr 7 th - 
Dear Father and Mother 

We are here and all in tolerable health with the exception of Uncle who 
is still delicate. The whole army leaves to-morrow for the Mission San 
Jose which will be head Quarters; from that place the army will be divided 
into three parts or divisions one to be placed above town and another just 
below to be as near as possible to be out of reach of the cannon from the 
fort. The object is to cut off all communication with the town etc shoot 
their centinels etc etc until the big cannon arrives then batter down the 
town if they do not surrender. Some are of the opinion that they will not 
stand many days siege. We have near 800 men in camp 

Nothing has occurred of importance since I wrote you last; except that 
desertion has stopped and we have got reinforcements etc. etc. and of 
course the army is better satisfied — 



244 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Uncle has had a trying time of it on account of dissatisfaction, disor- 
ganization etc etc aspiring men to deal with etc 

But thank God that has nearly all passed and things are going on 
straight, the news from the U. S. is flattering 

M. A. Bryan 
N B be sure to send the things Uncle sent for by Mr Grayson, and you 
may add to them 4 or 5 prs of socks 1 cloth round jacket for me and 1 pr 
pants for Joel as I see he will soon want a new pr. do not forget my pot 
metal boots as I will soon be barefooted 

I send this by some men going to Nacogdoches M A B 

[Addressed:] Mr James F Perry Peach Point Texas To the care of 
Jno. R Jones San Felipe de Austin who will please for- 
ward it 

John P. Austin 1 to Austin 

New York November 8. 1835 
My dear Cousin, 

I embrace the first opportunity, of Mr. Williams, to Congratulate you, 
as I most sincerely do, on your Safe return to your Colony. Which Wel- 
come news reached me a Short time Since through brother Henry and of 
the flattering reception you met with from all parties, and although but a 
just tribute for your long suffering and exertions in their behalf. It 
must have proved to you highly gratifying to find them so united on your 
appearing again among them. You may be assured it was most fortunate 
your getting away from Mexico when you did for I have little doubt and 
is the opinion of Mr. Dale that had you been delay'd until the receipt of 
the news from Texas (shortly after your departure) You would not have 
been permitted to leave, therefore not only fortunate for yourself but 
equally so for the welfare of Texas your being at home at the present im- 
portant Crisis, requiring of all others your presence to unite the people and 
direct their Councils, the late movements there and of Santa Anna to 
bring the Texians under his immediate subjection excite a general and in- 
creased interest throughout the U. States in your favor with a disposition 
to render you prompt and efficient aid — a proof of which you have in the 
Spirited Meetings at new Orleans and Mobile. A Meeting has also been 
held at Boston and quite an enthusiastic One here an Evening or two Since 
got up at very Short notice. Appointed a Committee of twenty of Our 
Most respectable Citizens and adjourned to meet on thursday Evening of 
this week when I have no doubt it will be fully attended with an unanimous 
response in favor of Texas — the landing of Genl. Cos with his 400 Men 

1 John P. Austin was the brother of Henry Austin, the cousin of Stephen F. Austin. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 245 

was the latest news up to yesterday we got the cheering and glorious news, 
if it be but true of the Mexicans being repulsed at Gonzales and of the 
Texians taking quiet possession of St Antonio, under Genl. Houston, the 
Mexicans retiring without Making any opposition Both accounts however 
want Confirmation, not that it is thought there would be any difficulty in 
such a result but the want of time which would not allow it to take place 
at so early a date — All the Texians now here, and there are a number anx- 
ious to join their companions in Arms — Williams, White, Sayre, Morgan, 
Yates, Allen etc etc, agree that united you have nothing to fear for the 
result of your present difficulties, but [will be] able to cope with any force 
Santa Anna Can send against you and that there is little doubt in Case of 
need you will receive timely aid from your neighbours — The excitement 
here is however great and late news sought after with the greatest avidity — 
Some 8 or 10 Vessels have cleared from here within a short time, Coast- 
wise and direct — destination Texas — to touch in at the mouth of the Mis- 
sissippi river for information and to proceed thence together that their 
united Strength may protect them in Case of need, being mostly Armed — 
was it practicable nothing Could give me more pleasure than to join you 
at the present interesting moment and regret Circumstances put it out of 
my power. You have however my most Sincere prayers for your welfare 
and the success of your Cause, as you will ever have any services that may 
be in my power to render you. I would here beg leave to tender you my 
best thanks for your very kind and friendly letter of 23d. June from 
Mexico — the more Gratifying to my feelings as it confirmed my previous 
expressed opinion with regard to Mr. Meigs withholding from me the 
perusal of your letters, or at least proving that it was not for the want of 
Confidence on your part, which I could not Credit at this time Although 
Mr. Meigs' manner went far to justify Such a Conclusion. I wish I was 
deserving of half the Compliment you are pleased to bestow upon me, 
but be that as it may I trust you will never find me ungrateful or the be- 
trayer of Confidence. You Say if I will state wherein I am interested in 
Texas lands, you will give me your opinion with regard to them. I wish 
I was so interested but my sole interest lies in the Success of your enter- 
prise and Welfare of Texas. If I except a small Share in the purchase of 
Cloppers Point Galveston Bay — by Jas Morgan associated with a few Gen- 
tlemen Mostly of this City, in which our Mutual friend Dale has also an 
interest, two Vessels have just Sailed for the point with full Cargoes to 
touch in at the Mouth of the Mississippi where Mr. Morgan, who goes over 
land, is to join them — He has laid out a site for a town to be called New 
Washington, and is intended to run one or both Vessels between there and 
New Orleans. All of which Can but tend to benifit your own possessions 
as I hold to be the Case of any improvement in the Neighbourhood. Often 



246 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

have I regretted that I could not take advantage of Henry being on the Spot 
to secure land in your Colony as Suggested by him — by Clearing out and 
assure you nothing but the power to do so from the want of means has pre- 
vented and not the disposition I now look upon those lands as soon to 
become very valuable — whether by Independence, Cession to the United 
States, or a More Settled and Substantial form of Government under that 
of Mexico — In my letter to Henry I mentioned, what I hefe repeat in Con- 
fidence, that there is little doubt but our Charge de affaires Col. Butler has 
gone out with instructions to treat with regard to purchase and was to have 
reported in time for Genl. Jackson's Message to Congress — There is how- 
ever little chance of his arriving out in time to accomplish the latter object, 
from his taking this route, I understand he has, through Texas (no doubt 
on Motives of present interests) and which will make him not the more 
popular with the Mexican Government — Santa Anna may however from 
the fear of loosing Texas altogether imbrace the opportunity to secure the 
best offer he Can as the last and only alternative — Last and late advices 
from Mexico give every indication of an other revolution as being near at 
hand and hint at Santa Anna's joining the liberal or Strongest Party as the 
only Chance of Securing his popularity and by so doing it is thought he 
may succeed — He Changes too often for either party to have any Confi- 
dence in him — I am some time without letters from our friend Dale as I 
got none pr last packet, but hope to be more fortunate by the next — Col. 
Almonte is Still here — He favored us with several friendly Calls at the 
House, prior to the late news from Texas — which I presume occupies most 
of his time to Counteract as far as may be in his power the popular feeling 
in your favor. Says he regrets the Steps you have taken or to find you in 
opposition to his Government — I met a Gentleman last evening direct from 
Washington — an old and intimate friend of President Jackson — who says 
the President has no disposition to interfere with any present aid given 
you by Citizens of the U. S. provided they do not openly Violate the laws 
of Nations — and that the Mexican Government will not be permitted to 
press our Merchantsmen for the purpose of transporting their Troops 
Also that orders have been Sent to Pensacola for the Men of War to Cruise 
in the Gulf of Mexico and a Sloop of War is fitting out with all possible 
dispatch at Philadelphia, to Sail in week or ten days to Cruise between 
Tampico and the Mouth of the Mississippi — which will be Very much in 
your favor and a great protection to Vessels bound into any of your ports — 
Mrs Holley writes me She has made arrangements for publishing in Lex- 
ington, an other Texas — to be out in about Six weeks, with a request that 
I send her 2000 Copies of the Map, to her first with some additions she has 
suggested — She was not then aware of your troubles, which when she hears 
it may delay her book — I had a Visit from brother Charles a Short time 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 247 

Since who takes a great interest in your affairs. So that I can report all 
friends well — I should be happy to hear from you since your return, but 
know I ought not to look for it when you must have so many Calls upon 
your time — Mrs Austin's best regards 

Jno. P. Austin 

William H. Wharton to Austin 

Head quarters Nov. 8 th 1835 
To Genl. S F Austin 

Sir I take this opportunity of tendering to you my resignation of the 
office of Judge Advocate. It is useless and unusual to give reasons for so 
doing. I will however say that from a failure to enforce general orders 
and from an entire disregard of the grave decisions of councils of war I 
am compelled to believe that no good will be atchieved by this army except 
by the merest accident under heaven 

Wm H Wharton 

Austin to the President of the Consultation 1 

Head Quarters Nov r - 8—1835 

The determination of the army as expressed today is to remain here at 
all hazards I shall remain with them, altho my own judgement assures 
me that my proper station is in the convention, and that a man of robust 
health could do more good as a commander than I could — It is an office 
that I never sought, and tryed to avoid, and wish to be relieved from if 
another who is more competent can be appointed — I have no ambition but 
to serve the country in the station where it is considered I can best serve — 
I believe that my worn out constitution is not adapted to a military com- 
mand, neither have I ever pretended to be a military man- — 

Bexar will now be closely invested and the men shall be kept as near 
the place as possible 

S. F. Austin 

All now depends on the speedy arrival of strong reenforcements. 

To the President of the Consultation of Texas San Felipe [by] Dr. 
Richardson. 

Austin to President of Consultation 

Head Quarters Nov. 8. 1835 
In addition to my recommendation as to the usefulness of Dr. Richard- 
son as an agent in some parts of the U. S. I have to add that he can be of 

: From Army Papers, Texas State Library. 



248 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

great use in procuring men and vessels to protect our coasts and in stimu- 
lating men and popular opinion in favor of the cause of Texas and of the 
constitution. — I am however of the opinion that all depends on an imme- 
diate organization of a civil gov 1 - and also of an army with an experienced 
military man to command it — 

Not one moment should be lost in doing this — all, everything depends 
upon it — Delay will be ruinous — There must be a Gov*- to give confi- 
dence to our system — ■ 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

The communication of the council of 30 ult. giving an account of the 
supplies of cloathing, cannon etc on the road have been rec d - — and have 
given great satisfaction — hurry on reenforcements 

S. F. Austin 

Proclamation by Austin 

Exercito Federal de Texas 

Se previene a todos los habitantes q e la causa sagrada q estamos de- 
fendiendo q e no, se lleva reces ni otras recursos ningunos a los enemigos 
centralistas y militares en Bexar, y que sera presiso tratar a los q e - con- 
traviniera esta disposicion como enemigos de la causa de la constitucion 
y de la libertad — Igualm te - que cesa toda comunicacion de cualesquiera 
naturaleza con la plaza de Bexar — 

Esteban F Austin 

Quartel Gral en Consepcion Noviembre 10 1835. 

Agustin Viesca to Austin 
[Goliad, November 11, 1835. See Calendar.] 

John J. Linn to Austin 
[Goliad, November 11, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Philip Dimmitt to Citizens of Goliad 
[November 12, 1835. See Salendar.l 

Edward Burleson to Austin 

Camp Defiance November 12 th 1835 
Genarl S. F Austin 

Dear Sir I received your Communication of yesterday relitive to the 
interSepting of the Convoy of Supplys anticipated Coming on to the Enemy 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 249 

I received it two late to Starte a detachment out last night. I went and 
Saw Capt Fanning and he went on Last night and I have dispatched major 
Somerville Erly this morning with a bout Seventy men to the west on the 
same bisness of that of Capt. Fanning Capt Lockhart has returned to my 
Camp who states that he got Sepperated from Capt Austin near the 
madena and has not saw him sense he Also States that he Saw nor heard 
nothing relative to the Enemy Every thing goes on well heare as fare as 
I know nothing is rong I think I shall Give General Cos a few fyers of 
Canon to knight I Send your money that you mentioned to me a bout by 
mister Chance Yours with Dew Respect 

E. Burleson. Col n Comadant 
[Addressed:] Gen S. F. Austin Head quarters 

Thomas G. Western to Austin 

[Goliad, November 13, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Roberto Galan to Austin 

[Goliad, November 13, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

Fortress of Goliad Nov. 13 th - 1835 
To Gen. Stephen F. Austin, 

Com. in-Ch. of the Army of the People, 

Sir, Yours of the 8th. inst. by express was duly reed, on the night of 
the 10th and would have been answered much sooner had not events here, 
which it required time to control, prevented. Your request relative to the 
Volunteer Greys, was promptly complied with; and this corps will proceed 
immediately to Head Quarters. 

As to the force under my command, recent proceedings of a few dis- 
affected individuals here, borrowing assurance from events which cannot 
long favour their views, but on which they rely for the moment, prevent 
an immediate movement of any portion of it in the direction of Bexar. 

Mr. Augustin Viesca the former Executive of this State, arrived here 
day before yesterday, accompanied by Doctors, Grant and Cameron, Col. 
Gonzales, and others. On being informed of their approach, I ordered an 
escort of four Americans and two Mexicans, to meet, receive, and conduct, 
Citizen Viesca and suit, to the quarters provided for his accommodation. 
This order was directed to Capt. Morris of the N. 0. Volunteers, and was 
executed. 

As I did not conceive myself duly authorised to receive this Gentleman 
in an official capacity, no such reception was either given or intended. On 



250 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

being applied to for orders to give him a different reception, and on my 
refusing to grant it, a strong, but by no means general excitement arose, 
and opposition to good order was immediately developed. Part of this 
opposition was made within the fortress — but it originated without; and 
from this quarter, an attempt was made to carry the purpose of the dis- 
contented into effect. These occurrences transpired evening before last. 
One of my men refused when on parade, (and had engaged others to follow 
his example,) to bring his gun to a shoulder when the order was given, 
steped out of the ranks and commenced a harangue to the Company. I in- 
stantly ordered him under guard. Immediately after he was marched off, 
another of the disaffected, (one of those who followed Irwin in the late 
movement which resulted in the loss of a valuable young officer,) came 
from the house of Western, (the abode of the disaffected,) to the door of 
the room where his associate had just been confined, threatened to release 
him, and drew a pistol on the guard. 

I met the mutiny by detailing 15 men, under command of Leuit. Bordon, 
to proceed to the house of Western, where the self styled liberator of the 
man under guard had fled for protection, (and where too the physical force 
of the friends of the mutiners was then concentrated,) with orders to take 
the fugitive and put him under guard 

This order was executed by Leuit. Bordon with a promptness, firmness, 
and coolness, which does both him and the men under his command, the 
highest honour. 

The occupants of the house refused to surrender the fugitive, or to open 
the doors for the entrance of Bordon; and a threat that the "first man who 
entered should be killed", was distinctly heard without. The order was 
then given to force the door. Whilst carrying this into effect, the door was 
opened and the mutiner surrendered. 

During the absence of Luiet. Bordon from the fortress, and whilst he 
was before the house of Western, Adjutant West over was ordered to rein- 
force Bordon with a detachment of 10 men. He refused to obey this 
order in presence of the Comp y -, when I informed him that I considered 
him no longer an officer. He retired. During these proceedings, the com- 
pany under my command behaved in a manner highly creditable, both to 
themselves and the service — All, excepting Westover, were ready to main- 
tain order, and obey the command of their officers. 

The proceedings, of which the foregoing is but a brief outline, viewed 
in connection with the Character, influence and known exertions of several 
individuals, to encourage insubordination, diffuse discontent, and excite a 
spirit of opposition, both in and out of the fort, imposed on this com- 
mandancy the hard necessity of placing the Town and environs of Goliad, 
under martial law — This measure has accordingly been adopted, and a 
copy of the order is herewith enclosed. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 251 

The detachment sent to the Nuecis, of which I informed your Excellency 
in a former communication, returned on the 10th inst. The Cannon, arms 
and ammunition at that post were taken — 7 of the enemy were killed, and 
12 or fourteen wounded. Sixty five of the enemy were engaged — and only 
14 of our men were brought into the action. Savriago put off, during the 
action for Matamoros. Among the wounded of the enemy, are all the 
Members of the Ayun°- of San Patricio, the Judge, and Sheriff of that 
jurisdiction. 

One only of our men, was wounded, — William Bracken — none killed — 
All returned that went out. Bracken lost three fingers off his right hand. 
The enemy retreated, and, we are informed, in the direction of Matamoras. 

As to the particulars of this engagement, I am sorry to inform you, that, 
all I have here stated, is founded on the verbal statements of the men on 
the ground. Altho' again and again requested to report, the officer in 
command, has made no report in writing. If the information of several 
of the men placed under his command can be relied on, Westover obeyed 
no part of the order under which he acted. I reserve the particulars of 
this affair, so dishonourable to the commanding officer, so gallantly con- 
tested, and so [successfully] terminated by the brave men under his com- 
mand, for the subject of a future communication. 

I have dispatched Maj. Collinsworth to Matagorda for a supply of Blan- 
kets and winter clothing for the company under my command, for Buck 
shot, musket flints, etc — and in the event of his failure to procure the arti- 
cles there, he is instructed to proceed to Columbia, Brazoria, and Velasco. 
To aid him in the prosecution of his commission, he was furnished with 
communications addressed to the Committees of Safety of all those Towns. 

I have pressed into the service a caballardo on the way from the Interior 
to the United States, consisting, of 40 to 50 animals, said to belong to one 
Bartolo Pajas, have had them valued, and distributed among the Volun- 
teers — The 'Greys" have participated in this distribution, many of whom 
are still unprovided with horses. 

Please instruct me on whom the command of the post, on the Nuecis, 
recently reduced, now devolves. I am informed, inofficially, that the citi- 
zens there, have declared for the Constitution of '24, and are now under 
arms in the cause of Texas. Should you think proper to place this post 
under my command, it will afford me pleasure to provide for its defence. 

P. Dimitt Comd [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] No. 1 By Express To Gen. Stephen F. Austin Com. in Ch. 
of the Army of the People — Head Quarters. 



252 the austin papers 

Philip Dimmitt to Austin 

Fort of Goliad, Nov. 14 th 1335 
To Gen. S. F. Austin, 

Com. in Ch. of the Army of the People, 

Dear Sir, The facts communicated by Dr. Grant, and others, who ac- 
companied Citizen Viesca to this place, relative to the present state of 
affairs in the interior of the Country, presents an unexpected, and highly 
interesting prospect to the people of Texas. From all that I have been 
able to learn from these Gentlemen, it seems to be expected by our friends 
beyond the Rio Grande, that Texas should not only sustain herself against 
the spread of Centralism, but it is also expected that she will send a force 
to the interior, and give an impulse to a reaction there. But a small a 
very small portion, of what is called the liberal party, are either under 
arms, or even making an effort to resist the strides of the usurper. They 
do not appear from what I can learn, to be in a state of readiness to receive 
or to be actuated by a temper to invite, our interference with an armed 
force, even were it convenient for Texas to take such a step. 

An apparently studious, and a prolonged silence of the professed enemies 
of the military system, concerning the course which Texas ought to take; 
their forbearance to encourage her, even on paper, in the prosecution of 
the one she has so nobly, and so fearlessly adopted; their failure to strike 
there, whilst the enemy is thrilled with dismay here, are symptoms, por- 
tending a violent, perhaps a fearful crisis. If no effort is made along the 
Rio Grande to revive the republic, can we hope for opposition there to the 
movement of troops from the interior, to reinforce Cos, and recapture 
Goliad? The population of Texas is mostly of foreign origin. The in- 
habitants are considered foreigners. May not, and will not this be used as 
an argument, (and will it not be all powerful as such,) to unite all parties 
there, for the particular object of crushing Texas? And whilst doing, or 
trying to do this, time, and opportunity will have been afforded the Dic- 
tator, effectually to entrench himself behind the bulwarks of centralism. 
In this way, he may hope to make, and perhaps may make, a complete 
conquest of the whole country South of the Rio Grande. This done, he 
might well afford to withdraw from Texas, and leave her to the unmo- 
lested management of her own affairs. In the meantime, a sanguinary war 
must rage and bleed Campaign after campaign would have been opened — 
army after army, would have been arrayed, and the resources of the coun- 
try greatly impoverished, perhaps entirely exhausted. 

Thus to divide and conquer, may not be embraced in the plan of the 
Usurper. But whether it be or not, such a scheme, or something like it, is 
certainly among possible occurrences, it is even highly probable. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 253 

In a former communication, I hinted the policy of a dash at Matamoros, 
hoping from what I had then heard, that the movement would be approved 
and sustained by a majority of the people in that section of the country. 
But now, I fear it would not be. On the contrary, I am fully satisfied that 
such a movement on the part of Texas, would be as likely to be opposed, 
as to be approved 

But another view of this subject is presented. If Texas cannot achieve 
her liberation on any easier terms than those above supposed, would it 
not be wise to use in the prosecution of the war, every weapon which she 
can seize and weild, now in the hands of the enemy, or within his reach? 
The post of Matamoros, if properly, and honestly superintended, would 
yield a very considerable revenue. At present, its income is said to be 
$100,000 per month. It is said that it ought to produce much more. This 
is a formidable and efficient weapon. The position is imposing — it is com- 
manding and its occupation would be likely to releive the grate and in- 
creasing population of Texas, from the immediate, and more appalling 
calamities of war. Foreign volunteers can be introduced at that point, as 
readily, and with as little expense, as at any other; and the position would 
afford many facilities for annoying the commerce of the enemy, not fur- 
nished by any point on the coast of Texas. » 

This is a subject of immense importance to our country; and the policy 
which she may adopt in relation to it, may greatly mitigate, or it may 
multiply, and aggravate, the calamities of the war. 

The Gerraro Battallion, our friends from the interior inform us, had 
reached Saltillo, before they crossed the N. River, and had been ordered to 
march immediately for Bexar. 400 convicts were also to join them. This 
information was communicated by Colo. Powers who said it was told to 
him, a few hours previous. 

Cos, no doubt, has strong assurances of the arrival of reinforcements; 
and on these he must rely, to enable him to hold Bexar. 

Your opinion on the subject of this letter is urgently solicited. 

P. DlMITT 

Austin to Fannin 1 

Head Quarters Concepcion Nov. 14, 1835 
Cap. J. W. Fannin 

This will be delivered to you by D. Salvador Flores — the brother in law 
of Cap. Juan Seguin — Flores and his company have engaged to go on as 
far as beyond the Nueces to examin whether any troops are on the road, 

a From Army Papers, Texas State Library. 



254 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

they will also burn the whole country as far as they go — I wish you to get 
eight or ten volunteers to go with them 

This service is important, and I have told the men of this party, that 
should they take public horses, they can appropriate two horses or mules 
apiece to their own use and property 

If you have heard nothing of the reenforcement I wish you to return 
to camp — 

Burlesons division sent him and Wharton down yesterday with an unani- 
mous request that the two divisions should be united at that place — The 
nature of this request and many circumstances renders it necessary to com- 
ply with it. This division will therefore march to the mill above town to- 
morrow — and you will return to that camp — 

Some reenforcements have arrived and they will now come on in great 
numbers — The sooner you can return the better, provided you find that 
nothing can be done there — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

The foraging party is out from Bexar on Leon every day — about 100 
men — A strange misunderstanding prevented Eberlys company from join- 
ing you — 

[Addressed:] Capt. J. W. Fannin Donde se halle where he may be found 

Henry Meigs to Austin 

New York Nov 15 1835 
My Dear Sir. 

Your Letter of the 30 Sep has just arrived. I was impatient to hear 
from you. 

Public Sentiment is aroused for your cause. We know that you are 
Bone of our Bone! and Flesh of our Flesh! that none but a Republican 
Government can exist over you! 

But by the Law of Nations, by Treaty with Mexico we cannot yet inter- 
fere. — 

You will conduct your affairs with the justice and courage which led our 
Fathers in the Revolution to establish the equal rights which we now 
enjoy — tens of thousands will join you, and with you, lay the firm foun- 
dations of your Republic. 

Govermt can hardly do for you what private opinion and zeal is already 
active in doing. 

You will respect all private rights acquired under your former system 
and not forfeited by Hostility. 

My intimate connexion with the Secretary of State 1 forbids (now) my 
public appearance in your behalf — but I am not idle. 

1 John Forsyth; Meigs was his brother-in-law. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 255 

(Confidential) 

the Secretary of State (a few days ago) told me that there was but one 
result for your affairs — and that was, a natural and inevitable connexion 
with the Policy and Interests of your country the United States. 

I admire your whole course of Conduct in relation to Texan affairs It 
is generous, brave and above all things else, it is just to Republican prin- 
ciples — it is truly Equitable. 

Let me hear from you as often as possible. 

My wife Julia 2 begs me to send her Love to you and say that she has 
never forgotten the time when you at five years of age was her companion 
in the City of Philadelphia. I have heard her speak of you with affec- 
tion these 30 years. 

May the Almighty protect you and your Republican Brethren in your 
progress to that glorious Independence which is in my Mind's Eye not 
only Before you But very near to you. 

H. Meigs. 

Col. Stephen F. Austin 

Henry Meigs to Austin 

New York Nov 15 1835 
My Dear Sir 

I have just received your Letter of the 6 Oct. The passage relative to 
the Indians / have already sent to Washington (confidentially) 

Your name was used last night at our Naval Establishment as the "Pass 
word", of the night. 

I hear that Houston is placed in Military command — You will always 
be found of the utmost necessity to the cause and you will encourage the 
zeal, talent and valour which are so vital to your cause — wherever you may 
find it. 

God preserve you. (in great haste) mail closing 

H. Meigs. 
Col. Stephen F Austin. 

Ira Ingram to Austin 
[Goliad, November 15, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Austin to Antonio de la Garza 

Canton arriba de Bejar: 16. de Nov e - de 1835. — Mi estimado amigo, 
acabo de recivir la apreciable de V. de este fha. en q. solicita llevar maiz 

2 The daughter of Austin's uncle, Stephen Austin. 



256 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

y frijol de las Labores de arriba de Bejar. Decearia obsequiar todos los 
pedidos de V. pues soy amigo de V. y de todos los vecinos de Bejar como 
V. deve de saber, mas las operaciones dela guerra en q. Tejas esta em- 
pefiada en defensa de la causa sagrada dela constitucion q. hemos jurado 
sostener, me impide obsequiar los deseos de V. respecto del mais y frijol, 
pues no se puede permitir la entrada de viveres en esa plaza mientras esta 
ocupada por los enemigos del sistema Federada. es de decear se eoncluya 
pronto esta guerra desastrosa pero justa de nuestra parte; estamos defen- 
diendo la causa del pueblo y particularm te del pueblo de Bejar y todo lo 
q. se necesita de ese mismo pueblo es q. se pronuncie sin demora ninguna 
por la constitucion y el sistema Federal, pues esta causa hade triunfar. 
Mas de cinco mil hombres estan ya en marcha en su defensa y si es 
necesario se pondran en movimiento veinte mil <;Y que puede hacer un 
punto aislado y sin recursos como Bejar contra semejante fuerza, aun 
suponiendo q. la q. esta al frente no sea suficiente, pero es muy sunciente 
y en poco tiempo se concluira esta contienda? Entonces se entregara todo 
ala autoridad civil del Pueblo y se arreglaran las cuentas para pagar las 
propiedades particulares q. se han usada no pertenecientes a enemigos, q 
es cuanto puedo decir en contextar asu apreciable citada, quedando como 
siempre su amigo q. ato. 1. b. s. m. 

E. F. A. 
Seiior D. Antonio dela Garza. 

Austin to Philip Dimmitt 

[Bexar, November 18, 1835. Removing him from command. See 
Quarterly of Texas State Historical Association, XI, 47, for the letter.] 

Address by Austin to Inhabitants of Bexar 

[about November 18, 1835] 
El Pueblo de Texas se ha pronunciado en fabor de la constitu 11 - de 1824, 
el sistema federal y la integridad del Territorio de la Federacion Mexicana. 
En consequencia del Estado de completa asefalia y Anarquia en q. se haya 
Texas a causa de las revoluciones q. han desorganizado 6 p. a mejor decir 
destruido el Gov°- constitu 1 - del estado: El Pueblo de Texas esta sin Gov°- 
sin arreglo, y sin otra cosa p a - mantener el orden, q el principio moral de 
cada individuo: Es evidente q. semejante estado de cosas, no puede existir, 
sin peligrar en sumo grado los intereses y la seguridad de todos en lo par- 
ticular y de la republica en lo Gral. Esta consideracion ha impulsado al 
pueblo a elegir comicionados 6 representantes p. a formar una junta de 
todo Texas p. a consultar sobre su situacion y determinacion de lo q. se 
debe hacer. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 257 

Noticias las mas alarmantes ban sirculado desde Junio pp. do q. el objeto 
del Gov.° de Mexico fue imbadir a Texas con un exercito grueso con el fin 
de someter el pueblo de Texas a un Gov.° y la dominac. n Militar. 

El Comandante de la Goleta Thompson cometio muchas imprudencias y 
excesos sobre la costa en el nombre del Gov.° 

El canon q. fue entregado al pueblo de G@nsales p. a su propria defensa; 
tanto p r - la de la constitu 11 - de la republica, fue demandado, y una partida 
fuerte de Tropas fue despachada p a - tomarlo La Autoridad Militar espidio 
ordenes p. a aprender varios Ciud. s sin la devida interbencion dela civil y 
se travaja aviertam. te p. a destruir la constitu. n Federal en toda la republica 
y sentralisar el Gov.° p. r medios violentos y anticonstitu. es 

En fin una combinacion complicada de circunstan. 8 a hirritado al pueblo 
de tal grado, q. se desesperaron, pronunciaron en fabor dela constitu. 11 
federal y tomaron las armas p. a sostener su pronunciam. to y sus dros. 
constitu. s y el exercito federal esta enfrente de Bexar con fuerzas amplias 
p a - asaltar a esa plaza, medida q. no se ha verificado antes de haora, solam te - 
p. r consideracion a los venemeritos vecinos. 

Este movimiento es popular y voluntario, y de consiguiente es un torr- 
ente: Esta fundado en los dros. constitu. s del pueblo, y p. r lo mismo es 
justo: Los males q. desgraciadam. te afligen nuestra patria son ya dema- 
siados sin aumentar los p r - una continu 11 - de la Guerra Civil y el derra- 
mam. to de Sangre: Es de deciarse evitar semejante desgracias. 

Esta corta manifestacion de los principios q. defiende el pueblo de Texas 
y con el fin de evitar los horrores dela Guerra Civil he creido un dever a 
la Umanidad y a la Justicia hacer este ultimo esfuerzo, en la esperanza de 
q. se cortaran todas las presentes dificultades: Esta en las manos de V S. el 
hacerlo, y no en las mias: Las Circulares del Ministro han inbitado al 
pueblo de manifestar librem. te sus opiniones sobre el cambio del Gov. 
todo Texas menos Bexar ha espresado la suya: De consiguiente y con- 
siguiente con lo espuesto presento las siguientes Vases en el Nombre del 
exercito federal de Texas. 

l. a Al pueblo de Bexar le debe ser permitido manifestar sus opiniones 
librem. te y pronunciarse en fabor dela constitu." y el sistema federal si 
asi opinare. 

2. a No se mandara mas tropas a Texas vajo ningun pretexto h ta despues 
de resibir la contestacion del Gov°- Gral sobre las representaciones q. for- 
mara la consultacion Gral. 

3. a Las tropas haora existentes en Texas q. no Pertenesen a las com- 
pafiias presidiales de Texas deben entregar sus armas al comisario y se 
nombrara p. a recivirlas y salir de Texas vajo la condicion de no tomarlos 
contra la constitu 11 - y el sistema federal y las companias presidiales de 
Texas quedaran en plena libertad p. a quedar con sus armas. 



258 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

4. a Todas las armas y municiones q. haya en Bexar deben tambien ser 
entregadas al Dho. Comisario a ecepcion de las privilijiadas en el articulo 
q. antecede. 

5. a El Pueblo de Bexar, Goliad, Guad. e Vict. a , y San Patricio y de 
cualquiera parte de Texas no seran molestados en ninguna manera en 
elegir sus representantes a la consultacion Gral. si desean hacerlo. 

6. a La plasa de Goliad con su armamento de Guerra Quedara en poder 
y a la disposicion de los q. se han pronunciado en fabor de la constitu. n y 
el sistema federal. 

7. a Ningun Ciud.° sera perseguido ni molestado en ninguna manera en 
sus personas ni propriedades p. r sus opiniones politicas. 

8. a Se Pasara copia certificada de esta comunicacion alas autoridades 
y al Pueblo de Bexar, dejandoles en plena Libertad p a - manifestar sua 
opiniones y de comunicarles a esta division p. r el conducto q. ellas eligieren 

W. D. C. Hall to Austin 

China Grove Novr. 18 th 1835 
To Genl S F Austin 
Dear Sir 

Inclosed you will find my resignation as Adjt Insptr Genl You have 
my warmest thanks for this honor you so generously confered on me and 
be asured my dear Sir that nothing (but the conviction that it is no longer 
in my power to serve you) induces me to make a tender of my commission. 
It would be too great a sacrifice of my feelings to remain longer in the 
situation I hold in that army you will therefore I hope permit me to 
retire — at some future day I confidently flatter myself — that I can give 
you such reasons as will satisfy you that I am right in addopting the pres- 
ent coilrse In the meantime you will please to consider me Your sincere 
and humble Friend 

Warren D. C. Hall 

N. B. I have done every thing in my power to promote the interest of 
the army: and will continue to do so in my official Capacity untill I hear 
from you Hall 

[Addressed:] To Genl. Stephen F Austin Comdt-in Chief of the Federal 
Army Bexar 

Austin to Colonel Gonzales 

Campo adelante de Bexar Nov e - 18, 1835 
Sor Don Jose M a - Gonzalez, 

El Exmo Sor Gob or - de nuestro desgraciado y oprimido estado D Agus- 
tin Viesca, me ha informado de los servicios importantes y verdaderam te 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 259 

patrioticos de V. en favor de las libertades patrias — Dn Diego Grant 
tambien ha heeho lo propio. 

La causa que estamos defendiendo es, el sistema federal y los principios 
de la constitucion de 1824. Puedo asegurar a V. q. Texas sostendra esta 
base — En todos los movim tos populares hay diversidades de opiniones y 
uno u otro exsaltado que habla y obra imprudentem te ' mas estos no com- 
ponen la masa del pueblo, y no se debe hacer caso de ellos 

He sentido mucho la conducta de Dn Felipe Dimit en Goliad, y por este 
eorreo le he mandado entregar el mando de aquella plaza a Collinsworth 
qe. es un sujeto de juicio y prudencia — 

Estoy convencido qe. V. pueda ser sumam te util aqui Entiendo qe. la 
mayor parte de la cavalleria que esta en Bexar conocen a V. y qe. estan 
en buena disposicion p. a pasar a la causa federal y le suplico de venir 
aqui y con su partida de tropa, lo mas pronto qe. sea posible — Hay algunos 
desertores y vecinos qe. se han juntado, con nosotros, quien se incor- 
poraran con V. a su llegada. 

Austin to _■ • 

campo cerca de Bexar Nov. 18. 1835 
Muy Sor mio de todo mi aprecio — Tuve el gusto a noche de recibir de 
Dn. Diego Grant, la muy apreciable de V., de fecha 11 del corriente — 
Agradesco a V. la buena opinion qe. me ha manifestado — He deseado 
cumplir con mis deberes como ciudadano Mexicano, y creo qe. lo he hecho. 
a lo menos si he errado ha sido por equivoco 6 por no comprender bien la 
situacion de las cosas y no de mala fe — Mi base es el sistema federal y no 
dudo qe. todo Texas sostendra esta base, aunqe. hay uno u otro ecsaltado 
(como es costumbre en tpo de revoluciones) mas estos no componen el 
pueblo — Texas necesita un Gob. local, y no se debe perder un momento en 
organizar uno, pues de otro modo todo, sera anarquia, y nadie pueda decir 
donde ira a parar — 

Yo desearia estar en la convencion de Texas donde creo qe. puede ser 
muy util. La premura del tpo no me permite estenderme como deseo pues 
es importante no detener el eorreo, 

Desapruebo mucho la conducta de D Felipe Dimmit en Goliad y hoy 
despacho un eorreo p. a relevarle del mando de esa plaza. He convidado 
al Sor Jose Ma. Gonzales por eorreo a La Baca de marchar aqui sin per- 
dida de tpo a juntarse con el exercito federal, no dudo de qe. este Sor sera 
de la mayor importancia aqui y me lisongeo verle pronto — Cos esta en- 
cerrado en Bexar dentro de las fortificaciones y nadie salen — He propuesto 
a la tropa asaltar a la plaza, y tengo esperanzas qe. convendra en hacerlo 
pronto. 



260 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 



Austin to Governor Viesca 

He recibido el oficio de V. E. fecha en Goliad 11 del corriente, y doy a 
V. E. las mas expresivas enhorabuenas por haber salido felizm 16 de la pre- 
sion en qe. le tenia encerrado los enemigos de la libertad — 

El pueblo de Texas ha pronunciado en favor del sistema federal y de 
sus derechos constitucionales — La convencion debe arreglar este pronun- 
ciam to bajo un pie formal y solido, hasta ahora no tengo noticias de lo qe. 
ha hecho — Este pais necesita un Gob. local sin perdida de tpo pues esta en 
peligro de caer en anarquia — El pueblo ha delegado plenos poderes a sus 
representantes, y ellos deben asegurar la felicidad de sus comitentes, y los 
intereses de la federacion a qe. pertenece, y no dudo de qe. si lo haran — Yo 
de mi parte contribuyre en cuanto pueda a este importante fin, mas el 
primer paso es un Gob. local sea provisional, sea como quiera, porque sin 
esto todo ira mal y en desorden — 

Ofresco a V. E. mis servicios y mi persona en qto pueda ser util — 

Dios y Libertad campo cerca de Bexar 18 de Nov. 1835 

Exmo Sor Gobor. del Estado de Coahuila y Texas, D. Agustin Viesca 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry 

Camp Near the Mill (600 yds. from Bexar) November 18 th 1835 
Dear Father and Mother 

I this moment rec d - yours of the 8 Ult. and am rejoiced to hear that you 
are all in good health and getting along so well in the way of picking out 
Cotton etc. 

Joel [Bryan] has gone out in pursuit of Ugartechea who left the fort 
5 or 6 days ago to meet a reinforcement which are coming on from Laredo. 
The force under Ugartechea is stated to amount to between 1 and 2 hun- 
dred men. the company in persuit of him under the command of Col Bur 
leson consists of 180 men: they will be back to day or tomorrow If they 
come a cross him they will be apt to take him if they doe, I think it will 
end the campaign 

There are about 6 hundred men in camp, a sufficient force to take Bexar 
if we had the necessary tools. It will be attacked in a day or two at all 
hazards as the corn is getting scarse and it seams that there is no hopes of 
the cannon coming soon. Grant and Viesca were on their way to Vera 
Cruz under an escort of 20 soldiers and instead of the Soldiers taking them 
to the place they were ordered they brought them to Texas, Grant is now 
here and Viesca has gone to San felipe 






THE AUSTIN PAPERS 261 

We will have 100 men from La Bahia or Goliad in a day or two, The 
troops are all driven away from the Irish town on the Nueces a consider- 
able battle took place in which 6 or 8 mexicans were killed and several 
wounded and the balance dispersed — 

N. B. The reinforcement that is coming on consists of 60 soldiers and 
300 convicts. I think we will be able to take the 60 soldiers and untie the 
xonvicts Some days agoe I thought the army would be broke up as they 
were all tiard of waiting for the cannon and hearing no news from the 
colony and desertion more or less every day: but now every body is in 
good spirits and reinforcements expected etc Grant brings news that the 
federal party is gaining ground in the interior. Bexar must fall in a few 
days or it will not fall at all 

Uncle is better and tiard enough of commanding militia 

I will write by the next chance if any thing occures, 

We have skirmishes every day 

M. A. Bryan [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr James. F. Perry Peach Point. Texas 

John J. Schuler et al. to Austin 

[Carlisle, Pa, November 19, 1835 Committee consisting of John J. 
Schuler, W. Carothers, Alfred Creigh, W. B. Parkinson, John W. Noble 
appointed by meeting last night. Company of fifty or sixty would go to 
Texas as volunteers, if expenses were paid. Total military strength of the 
county is 6,243 men. Many would go to Texas, perhaps, if expenses 
were paid.] 

Robert Collins to Austin 

[Macon, Ga., November 20, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Robert Westcott to James F. Perry 

Philad a - 21 st - Nov r - 1835— 
Jas. F. Perry Esq 
My dear Sir, 

The Bearer, Stephen Decatur Hurst Esqr. atty at Law of this City — is 
my nephew — and under the influence of warm zeal and deep interest in 
the sacred cause for which the Texians are nobly contending against des- 
potism, bigotry and superstition, has determined to rally round the Texian 
Standard and devote his energies in its defence — 

He has been Captain of a handsome volunteer Company and recently 
appointed — Colonel of a Regiment of Militia in this place — 



262 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

He also was attached some time since to an Engineer Corps in No. 
Carolina — and has, I believe, a pretty good knowledge of surveying — As 
to his nerve, I think I can venture to vouch for that — Under these circum- 
stances — I take the liberty of recommending my nephew to your kind 
offices — and best advice — as to the most eligible plan in your opinion — for 
him to pursue in order to render the most efficient aid in his power — for 
the furtherance of yr. cause — and the promotion of his individual inter- 
ests — in yr. promising region — I have but a few moments to add, that my 
most inauspicious movements in 1829 to Potosi — has been the primary 
cause, as I verily believe, of the premature death of my late invaluable 
Wife and inestimable Theodosia and but for it — my poor dear infatuate 
Louisa wd not now be the Wife of a canting bigotted untalented itinerant 
Methodist Preacher — This last sad event has deeply afflicted me — I had 
left her — confidingly left her — under the roof and charge of Squire Brickey 
and his wife (who lately died) — whilst I proceeded to Tennessee to attend 
to some Land business and after my arrival here — arrangements were made 
by Edward Hurst Esq. Notary Public No. 42 Dock Street — to get her on 
to this City — where she wd. have been comfortably situated — But alas! 
in the mean time — the very good Methodists of Potosi — exercised their 
religious spells and incantations around her — and the poor child has liter- 
ally thrown herself away! — My dear Sir, my heart is with you — in yr. 
present contest and so shd. be my arm also — (feeble as it is) did the situa- 
tion of my family and the state of my health admit of my joining you — a 
very powerful excitement in yr. favor is rapidly spreading in Boston New 
York Philad a - etc; and old and feeble as I am still indulge the pleasing 
hope — that I may sooner or later be enabled "to wend my way" — to yr 
interesting and promising country — Do, my dear Sir, write to me as soon 
as convenient addressed to the Care of Edwd Hurst Esqr here and tell me 
frankly whether my temporal prosperity and that of my family — wd. be 
likely to be promoted by a removal to Texas — and inform me of every 
thing else you may deem interesting — My Nephew will inform you of the 
particulars respecting my situation and that of my family — Please make 
my most respectful regards acceptable to Mrs. Perry and all the Children— 
and believe me, Dear Sir, with much respect — 

Rob t - Wescott. 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Before Bexar Novr. 22 1835 
Dr Brother, 

My health has been very bad since I left the Cibolo, more than a month 
ago, and I have been unable to attend personally to the duties of my station 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 263 

with that activity which the service required — I believe however that all has 
been done that could have been — I have at various times submitted the 
question of storming the fortifications to a council of officers and they have 
uniformly decided against it — yesterday I was in hopes the Army was pre- 
pared to do it, and I issued a positive order, to storm at day light this morn- 
ing, but on trial I found it impossible to get half the men willing for the 
measure, and it was abandoned from necessity 

I begin to doubt whether much more can be done here, than to leave a 
force in winter quarters at the missions below town, say 250 men, untill the 
necessary regular force and guns and other supplies, come out — 

My health is better than it has been and is improving fast — I shall make 
another effort to get the army to storm if it cannot be effected, I shall leave 
as many as will stay in winter quarters and go to the U. S. under the ap- 
pointment they have given me as commissioner — So far as my own wishes 
and feelings are concerned, I much prefer an appointment out of Texas, 
than in it — / am ready to serve the country in any way I can — / accepted 
the appointment I now hold here, because I could not do otherwise, I never 
sought it, nor wished for it — my constitution is too much worn out and too 
feeble for the exposure and hardships and activity of a winters campaign, 
destitute of everything like comforts. I have done the best I could This 
army has always been composed of discordant materials, and is without 
proper organization — The volunteer sistem will not do for such a service, 
I have had a hard and difficult task to perform — and am really so worn 
out, that / begin to require rest — I could have been of more use in the 
convention than here. — and I can be of service to Texas by going to the 
U. S. and I wish to go there. 1 

Love to all — The boys are well — we are about 600 yards from the forti- 
fications and we have a battery within 340 yards but have no balls to do 
much good — 

This place must fall of itself in a short time — They are almost destitute 
of supplies and but little hope, of getting tham from the interior soon — 
If Genral Mexia has gone to attack Matamoros and succeeds, in taking that 
place this one will fall of course — 

As to Texas affairs, much more depends at present on a proper regula- 
tion of the civil Govt, than on the military operations — 

If there is unanimity and prudence and no party work, in the civil de- 
partment, all will go right the fate of Texas depends mainly on this — we 
ought to get united to the U. S. as soon as possible, it is the best we can 
do farewell 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

1 See "The Texas Revolutionary Army," by the editor, Quarterly of the Texas 
State Historical Association, IX, 227-261. 



264 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

How I envy a poor and obscure man in his quiet cottage, free from care 
and trouble and faction — A 

We have cannonading every day. to day it has been very brisk for sev- 
eral hours — no harm has been done to any of our men — we hear that sev- 
eral have been killed and wounded inside one mexican soldier was killed 
this morning who was attempting to reconnoiter our battery S F A 

Henry Meigs to Austin 

« 

New York Nov 22 d - 1835 
(Confidential.) 
My Dear Sir. 

Your Letter of the 6 of October last was not received until the 15 In- 
stant. I lost not an hour in communicating with the Secretary of S'ate in 
relation to the Indians. 

His answer reached me this morning and I give you the following Ex- 
tract from it, relative to that interesting subject. 

"Aware however that temptations have been, or will be held out to 
them, by One or both parties to the struggle, Orders have been issued to 
warn them (the Indians) not to engage in it unless they wish to incur the 
resentment of the United States." 

I am exremely anxious for the success of your cause. 

God has given you a fair Land and by ways pure and honorable. Your 
cause is just and you may use with pride and truth the abused Motto "God 
and Liberty" 

I cannot openly appear, as yet, but I am one of your warmest friends — 
and I trust not inefficient — 

Let me hear often from you. 

May the Almighty bless your exertions. 

H. Meigs 

Col. Stephen F. Austin. 

William Hall to Austin 

Columbia Novr. 23 rd 1835 
Genl S F Austin 
Dear Sir 

I arrived in Brazoria on the 13th Inst and found that the heavy piece of 
Cannon had been put on board the San Felipe which had gone in pursuit 
of a Mexican Armed Vessel and was lost inside the Matagorda Bay the 
guns was however saved and landed on bird Island on getting this inlor- 
mation I despatched Mr Tanner to Matagorda with letters to the Committee 
of that place requesting any assistance that might be necessary in [order to] 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 265 

get it to the main land and to forward it on to the Camp with all speed, in- 
tending to follow on myself so soon as I could provide some means by 
which a Company of Volunteers from New-Orleans could be enabled to join 
the army they had arrived some days previous and was very much disatis- 
fied at the delay. I left on the 18th calculated on joining the cannon at Mat- 
agorda or on the road on My way I met Mr Patton directly from Mat- 
agorda who told me that the Schooner William Robbins had sailed on the 
13th Inst — from that place with the Intention of taking the Cannon on board 
and bringing it round to the Brazos I have therefore delayed and have sent 
expresses to both places — and so soon as 1 can learn at what point the 
cannon can be found I will use every exertion to get her to Bexar — the 
weather has been excessively bad and the roads are very muddy however 
nothing shall be wanting to expedite matters — I wrote you on the 18th 
inst tendering my resignation at the same time I shall be proud and 
ready to execute any orders in my power and to give any pecuniary aid that 
my means will justify 

[William Hall] 

William H. Wharton to Branch T. Archer 1 

To the Editors of the Telegraph. 
Gentlemen, 

I herewith transmit to you, for publication, a copy of an official letter 
which I addressed to Wm. H. Wharton, together with his answer. Inas- 
much as the latter contains matter worthy of general consideration, I hope 
you will lay it before the public, without delay. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

B. T. Archer 

San Felipe, December 2, 1834 [1835]. 

Convention Hall, San Felipe de Austin, 
Nov. 13, 1833 [1835] 
Mr. Wm. H. Wharton. 

Sir, — By a resolution of the Consultation of the chosen Delegates of all 
Texas, in General Convention assembled, it was made the duty of its presi- 
dent to inform you that you are elected by that body, a commissioner to 
the United States of the North, to act under the advice and instruction of 
the Provisional Government; and that you be requested, as speedily as is 



iFrom a broadside. Wharton subsequently changed his mind and accepted the 
appointment. 



266 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

convenient to report your acceptance or refusal to the Governor of the 
Council, that your commission and the proper instructions be given to you, 

Your obedient servant, 

B. T. Archer, President. 
P. B. Dexter, Sec'ry. 

B. T. Archer, Esq., President of the Convention. 

Sir, — In answer to your letter announcing my election by the Conven- 
tion, as commissioner to the United States, I have to say, that, under exist- 
ing circumstances, I decline the appointment. The declaration of the Con- 
vention, and the attitude assumed by that body, appear to me to be too 
indefinite to induce foreign governments or capitalists to lend us their aid, 
either of a pecuniary or other nature. Understand me; I do not blame the 
Convention for their declaration. They were not empowered, as I con- 
ceive, to make any other. A declaration of independence was not in the 
contemplation of those who elected them. It was thought, and I, among 
others thought, that a declaration in favor of the federal Constitution of 
1824 would be the most prudent and politic course that could be pursued 
by the Convention. It was thought that such a course would neutralize, or 
enlist the sympathies and assistance of the federal party of the Interior in 
our favor; and also that, under such declaration, we could obtain the requi- 
site loans etc. etc., from the capitalists of the United States. Of late, I 
have been forced to conclude that both parties of the Interior will unite 
against us, whatever be our declaration, believing, or pretending to believe 
it an attack upon the "integrity of the republic." And moreover, I believe, 
under any declaration short of absolute independence, we will receive no 
efficient or permanent aid, or pecuniary assistance, from the United States, 
they believing it an internal domestic quarrel, about which they feel but 
little interest. So that, situated as we are, we encounter all the evils of a 
declaration of independence, without reaping one tenth of the advantages 
of such declaration. 

Again, many honestly differ in regard to the power of the late Conven- 
tion. Some believe them to have been purely recommendatory Others say 
that not one fifth of the people voted for representatives, not anticipating 
the present crisis; and various others find various other objections. We 
know mankind we'll enough to know that every cavil, objection, or cause 
of excitement will be greedily embraced, magnified, and circulated, for the 
purpose of poisoning and prejudicing the public mind, which would be a 
result that could not be too much avoided and deprecated, in our present 
infant and unorganized condition. 

Those, of course, acting with authority from a body of dubious powers, 
would necessarih' have a delicate and difficult task to perform We truly, 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 267 

do as we will, "walk upon fires covered with deceitful ashes." In order 
to obviate these evils, and give universal satisfaction, I would respectfully 
suggest that the present Provisional Governor immediately order an elec- 
tion throughout Texas, on the 1st of January, for members to a Convention, 
to meet on the 15th of the same month. Let it be fully announced, that this 
Convention is called to ascertain the will of the majority, in regard to a 
declaration of independence, to sell the country to the United States, if prac- 
ticable and desirable, to form a constitution for Texas, to take prompt 
measures to prosecute the present war with vigor, to fix the seat of govern- 
ment, and also the seats of justices for the different municipalities, to ap- 
point a board of commissioners to adjudicate and settle our land titles on 
a solid and secure basis, to resolve themselves into a legislature, if neces- 
sary; in short, let it be clearly understood, that this Convention will meet 
to do whatever, in their opinion, the good of the country requires, and 
that they exercise all the powers which the people themselves possess in 
their radical and original capacity. In this way, the' people of Texas will 
vote wi^h their eyes open; the will of the majority will be clearly ascer- 
tained and carried into effect, which, in my estimation, will redound much 
indeed to the prosperity and quiet of our adopted, and at present disor- 
ganized and distracted country. 

Allow me to assure you that the course herein recommended would 
meet the views of a great majority of the army, and also of those citizens 
with whom I have met since my return from camp. A conscientious con- 
viction of the importance, correctness, and indeed indispensability of it, 
induces me to decline 1 acting as commissioner, under present circumstances. 
I understand that arrangements have been made to borrow one hundred 
thousand dollars, which, with the other aid in the power of the Governor 
and Council to bestow, will be amply sufficient to sustain the army, and 
provide for all other emergencies, until a new Convention can meet. In 
conclusion, allow me to say, that I believe the sustaining of the present army 
is more important than every thing else put together; and that I hope and 
recommend that no pains be spared to give them all the comfort and sup- 
port within the powers of the provisional government. A belief of the 
importance of sustaining the army, will induce me to return to it imme- 
diately, with all the recruits I can possibly muster. 

Very respecfully yours, 

Wm. H. Wharton. 

P. S. The army is much in want of coffee, sugar, flour, tobacco, cloth- 
ing, etc., and if not furnished as soon as possible, great and just dissatis- 
faction will ensue. 

Please communicate as much of this as is necessary, to the Provisional 
Governor and Council. 
November 26, 1835. 



268 the austin papers 

Henry Meigs to Austin 

New York, Nov. 27 th 1835 
Dear Sir. 

I have not received from you any Letter of a later date than the 6 th Oct. 

I wrote to you in answer to that Letter — communicating the contents of 
the secretary of State's letter relative to the Indians — (to wit). 

"That the Governt of the U. States had ordered the Indians not to take 
part in the War between Mexico and Texas, on pain of Our resentment etc" 

Public sentiment is doing for your Cause all that can be done. In a few 
months you will be overrun with friends — 

I was much pleased to receive yesterday the first Number of the San 
Felipe de Austin telegraph — Boys seldom read before they run — Your 
youthful Texas, the New come and welcome fair Republic — now reads and 
will have a glorious and happy run. 

I inclose a $5. Bank Note for the paper. I am proud to be one of its 
first subscribers 

this paper may easily do more for your cause, than a park of Artillery 

May God prosper your cause 

H. Meigs 

Sent the $5 note mentioned within to Messrs Baker and Bordens by letter 
Jany 10th 1836 

James F. Perry 

General Stephen F Austin. 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry 

San Felipe De Austin 30 th Novr 1835 
Dear Father and Mother 

Uncle and myself arrived here last night from the camp in good health — 
Uncle resigned his office on the 24 ult. and we left the next day for this 
place — I think he will go on to the ; United States soon, perhaps in a few 
days as he was called by the Convention to go as a commissioner to the 
U. S. but with what power I know not; if he is not vested with the 1 power of 
attaching Texas to the U. S. but only to borrow money etc I think he 
wont go 

Burleson was elected commander in Chief to fill Uncles place. There 
are 4 or 500 men in camp who are determined to stick to it until Bexar 
falls or they eat up all, every thing in that country. A Maile was inter- 
septed the day before we left by which we learned that there was an order 
for raising 10.000 Soldiers to come on to Texas as soon, as possible under 
the Command of Genl. Santa Anna himself perhaps they will be here 
next Spring. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 269 

I left Joel at Camp in good health and determined to see the last of 
the war 

There was considerable confusion and dissatisfaction in the Army on 
account of the acts of the convention and I find they have not pleased the 
people generally 

I will write you again Soon 

M. A. Bryan [Rubric] 

I send Mr Pilgrim some papers M. A. B 

[Addressed:] Mr James F Perry Peach Point Politeness of Mr Jones 

Austin to Provisional Government 1 

San Felipe de Austin Nov. 30 1835 
To the Provisional Government of Texas. 

I have the honor to report to the Provisional Government that in obedi- 
ence to the call of the Representatives of the people met in General consul- 
tation, appointing me a commissioner to procedd to the U. S. of America, I 
left the volunteer army that is besieging Bexar on the 25, and arrived at 
this place last night and am ready to leave the country in the station which 
has been assigned to me. 

Col. Edward Burleson was elected by the volunteers comprising the army 
to succeed me in the chief command. I have the satisfaction to say that 
the patriotism which drew together the gallant volunteers now in service be- 
fore Bexar and at Goliad is unabated. They left all the comforts and en- 
dearments of home to defend their constitutional rights and the Republican 
principles of the Federal sistem and constitution of 1824, and the vested 
rights of Texas under the law of 7th May of that year. Their basis is the 
Constitution and the Federal Sistem, but should these be destroyed in 
Mexico and the decree of 3 d of October last passed by the Central party (a 
copy of which is herewith presented) be carried into effect, and a central 
and despotic government established where all the authority is to be con- 
centrated in one person or in a few persons in the City of Mexico, sustained 
by military and Ecclesiastical power, the volunteer army will also in that 
event do their duty to their country — to the cause of Liberty and them- 
selves, as honor, patriotism, and the first law of nature may require. 

That every people have the right to change their government its unques- 
tionable: but it is equally certain and true, that this change [to] be morally 
or Politically obligatory must be effected by the expression of the will of 
the community and by legal and constitutional means: for otherwise the 
stability of the government and the rights of the people would be at the 
mercy of fortunate revolutionists, of violence or faction. Admitting there- 
fore that a central and despotic strong government is best adapted to the 

a From the office of the Secretary of State of Texas, Vault No. 1, Vol. 3. pp. 159-164. 



270 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Education and habits of a portion of the Mexican people, and that they 
wish it, this does not and cannot give to them the right to dictate, by un- 
constitutional means and force, to the other portion who have equal rights 
and differ in opinion. 

Had the change been effected by constitutional means or had a national 
convention been convened and every member of the confederacy been fairly 
represented, and a majority agreed to the change, it would have placed the 
matter on different ground, but even then, it would be monstrous to admit 
the principle, that a majority have the right to destroy a minority, for the 
reason that self preservation is superior to all political obligations. 

That such a government as is contemplated by the before mentioned de- 
cree of 3 d October, would destroy the people of Texas, must be evident to 
all, when they consider its geographical situation, so remote from the con- 
templated centre of legislation and power, populated as it is by a people 
who are so different in education, habits, customs, language, and local wants 
from all the rest of the nation, and especially where a portion of the central 
power, have manifested violent Religious prejudices and jealousies against 
them. But no national convention was convened and the constitution has 
been and is violated and disregarded. 

The Constitutinal authority of the State of Coahuila and Texas solemnly 
protested against the change of Government for which act they were driven 
by military force from office and imprisoned. The people of Texas pro- 
tested against it as they had a right to do for which they have been declared 
rebels by the Government in Mexico. 

However necessary then the basis established by the decree of 3 d of Octo- 
br may be to prevent civil wars and anarchy in other parts of Mexico, it is 
attempted to be effected by force and unconstitutional means. However 
beneficial it may be to some parts of Mexico, it would be ruinous to Texas. 
This view of the matter presents the whole subject to the people. If they 
submit to a forcible and unconstitutional destruction of the social compact, 
which they have sworn to support, they violate their oaths, if they submit 
to be tamely destroyed they disregard-their duty to themselves and violate 
the first law which God stamped upon the heart of man, civilized or savage, 
which is the Law, or the right of self preservation,. 

The decree of the 3 d October therefore if carried into effect evidently 
leaves no remedy for Texas but resistance, secession from Mexico and a 
direct resort to natural right. 

Such I believe to be the view which the volunteer army late under my 
command have taken of this subject, and such in substance the principles 
they are defending and will defend. That they are sound and just and 
merit the approbation of impartial men of all nations, I sincerely believe. 

It may be out of place to speak of myself in such a communication as 
this, but I deem it to be due to say that I have faithfully labored for years 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 271 

to unite Texas permanently to the Mexican confederation by separating its 
local government and internal admi/nistration so far as practicable from 
every other part of Mexico, and placing it in the hands of the people of 
Texas, who are certainly best acquainted with their own local wants and 
could best harmonize in legislating for them. There was but one way to 
effect this union with any hopes of permanency or harmony, which was by 
erecting Texas into a state of the Mexican confederation. Sound policy and 
the true interests of the Mexican republic evidently required that this should 
be done. The people of Texas desired it, and if process [proofs] were 
wanting, but they are not, of their fidelity to their obligations as Mexican 
citizens this effort to erect Texas into a State affords one which is conclusive 
to any man of Judgement who knows anything about this country, for all 
such are convinced that Texas could not and would not remain united to 
Mexico without the right of self government as a State. The object of the 
Texians therefore in wishing a separation from Coahuila and the erection 
of their country into a state was to avoid a total separation from Mexico by 
revolution. Neither Coahuila nor any other portion of the Mexicans can 
legislate on the internal affairs of Texas — It is impossible — This country 
must either be a State of the Mexican confederation or must separate in toto 
as an independent community or seek protection from some power that 
recognizes the principles of self government. I can see no remedy between 
one of these three positions and total ruin. 

I must particularly call the attention of the provisional government to 
the volunteer army now in the field. That their services have been and now 
are in the highest possible degree useful and important to Texas is very 
evident; had this army never crossed the River Guadaloupe, a movement 
which some have condemned, the War would have been carried by the cen- 
tralists into the colonies, and the settlements on Guadaloupe and La vaca 
would probably have suffered and perhaps been broken up. The Town of 
Gonzales had already been attacked and many of the settlers were about to 
remove. What effect such a state of things would have had upon the moral 
standing and prospects of the country altho' a matter of opinion, is worthy 
of mature consideration: and more especially when it is remembered that 
at that time the opinions of many were vacillating and unsettled, and much 
division prevailed. The volunteer army have also parallized the force of 
Gen. Cos, so that it is shut up within the fortifications of Bexar incapable 
of any hostile movement whatever, outside the walls, and must shortly sur- 
render or be annihilated. The enemy has been beaten in every contest 
and skirmish, which has proven the superiority of the volunteers, and given 
confidence to every one. Our undisciplind volunteers, but few of whom 
were ever in the field before have acquired some experience and much confi- 
dence in each other and in themselves, and are much better prepared for 
organization and to meet a formidable attack than they were before. 



272 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

The post at Goliad has been taken by the volunteers and the army de- 
prived of large supplies which were at that place, and of the facilities of 
securing others by water thro' the port of Copano which is closed upon 
them by the occupation of Goliad. The enemy has been driven from the 
River Nueces by a detachment of the volunteers who garrison Goliad, and 
by the patriotic sons of Ireland from Powers Colony. More than one hundred 
of the enemy including many officers have been killed, a great many have 
been wounded, others have deserted, one valuable piece of brass cannon a 
six pounder has been taken and another preserved (the one that was at 
Goliad [Gonzales?] from falling into the hands of the enemy, three hun- 
dred head of horses have been taken and the resources for sustaining an 
army in Bexar all destroyed or exhausted, so that an enemy in that place is 
at this time more than three hundred miles from any supplies of bread stuffs 
and many other necessary articles, all this has been effected by the volun- 
teer army in a little more than one month, and with the loss of only one 
man killed in Battle and one wounded, who has nearly recovered, before 
Bexar, one wounded at Goliad, and one at Lipanticlon on Nueces. In short, 
the moral and political influence of the campaign is equally beneficial to 
Texas, and to the sacred cause of the Constitution and of Liberty and honor* 
able to the volunteer army [which] is composed principally of the most 
intelligent respectable and worthy citizens of this country and of volunteers 
from Louisiana and Alabama, of men who have taken up arms from prin- 
ciple, from a sense of duty and from the purest motives of Patriotism and 
Philanthropy, they have bravely sustained the rights of Texas and the cause 
of Mexican liberty and patiently borne the exposure and fatigue of a win- 
ters campaign during the most inclement wet and cold spell of weather 
known in this country for many years. The most of them are men of 
families whose loss would have made a fearful void in their com- 
munity. They might have been precipitated upon the fortifications of Bexar 
which were defended by seven or eight hundred men and a number of 
cannon and taken the place by storm against superior numbers and Texas 
might and in all probability would have been covered with mourning in 
the hour of victory. On consultation with the officers in councils of war, 
it was deemed most prudent not to hazard so much in the commencement 
of the contest when a disaster would have been so materially injurious, and 
the sistem was adopted of wasting away the resources and spirits and num- 
bers of the enemy by a siege, the ultimate success of which seemed to be 
certain, without any serious hazard on our part. That the fall of Bexar 
within a short time will be the result and with very little loss, I have no 
doubt. 

I consider the volunteer army to be the main hope of Texas, at this time 
and until a regular force can be organized, and I recommend that it be 
sustained and provided for in the most effectual and efficient manner. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 273 

Before closing this communication, I deem it my duty to recommend to 
the consideration of the Provisional Government the situation of the in- 
habitants of Bexar and Goliad. The necessary and indispensable opera- 
tions of the war, has compelled the army to make use of a considerable 
amount of their property, particularly corn, beef, cattle, etc. So soon as 
circumstances will permit I respectfully recommend that some sistem be 
adopted to ascertain the amount of the property thus made use of, and to 
provide for a Just compensation. This recommendation also extends to 
horses and other property lost by the volunteers. 

I will present to the Government another report on a special subject of 
importance and have the Honor to remain 

S. F. Austin 

Austin to Provisional Government 

San Felipe de Austin, Dec. 2, 1835. 

I have the honor to lay before the provisional Gov 1 - an, important official 
correspondence dated 31 October from the minister of War in the City of 
Mexico, directed to Gen 1 - Cos. which was intercepted near Bexar. 

These documents inform Gen 1 - Cos of the measures which the gov 1 - of 
Mexico have adopted against Texas — 

The Gov 1 - of Mexico places the Texas war on the footing of a national 
war against foreigners and adventurers whose object is to dismember the 
Mexican territory, and rob etc. 

An army of 10,000 men is ordered to be organized immediately, to be 
commanded by Genl. Santana in person — Appropriations of money neces- 
sary to raise, arm and equip this army are made, the regiments and other 
corps to compose it are designated, amongst them is one regiment from 
Campeche which is 1000 men strong — Arms are ordered to be made and 
repaired and ammunition provided in every town and place in the nation 
where there are any means of doing it — bodies of militia are ordered to be 
raised, volunteers are called for. The posts at Tampico and Matamoros 
are ordered to be fortified, $200,000 are placed at the sole disposition of 
Gen 1 - Santana to be used as he thinks proper, which will probably be ap- 
propriated to purchase and fit out armed vessells. In short preparations 
are ordered which if carried into effect will put an army of 10,000 men in 
the field and a number of armed vessells on our coasts by the month of 
February next — 

This approaching storm is of a serious nature — Should the Gov 1 - succeed 
in giving to this war a national character as they are attempting, Texas will 
have to contend against the whole nation united against her — That such a 
character will be given to it is probable — in fact it is almost certain, for 
the reason that the declaration made by the Genl Consultation tends fully 
as much to independence as to adhesion to the constitution of 1824 — Some 



274 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

of the subsequent measures have the same tendency. The manner in which 
Gov r - Viesca and Col Gonzales have been rec d - will also have its effect. The 
organization of a local Govt, without a clear and positive declaration that it 
was done as a member of the Mexican confederation under the constitution 
of 1824 and law of 7 July of that year will be represented by our enemies 
to mean a different thing from what was intended. In short the impression 
has gone abroad that independence is the object and the only object of 
Texas — This being the case there is at least some probability that the Texas 
war will assume the character which the gov*- of Mexico are endeavoring 
to give it, and that all parties will unite against us — 

Under this view of the subject, it is evident that the most prompt and 
efficient measures must be adopted to prepare for the approaching storm 
either by the most close and perfect and unequivocal union and coopera- 
tion with the remnants of the federal party which was the true position and 
in my opinion the one that should have been taken without ambiguity by 
the con 11 - or by a direct declaration of independence — 

Can either of these two positions be taken without a resort to the people 
by the election of a convention where the representation will be equal. At 
the former elections the people of Texas did not and could not fully under- 
stand their true situation, for it was not certainly known then what changes 
would take place in Mexico, and What kind of a Gov*- would be established 
or what course would be pursued towards Texas — It was only known to 
a certainty that the central party were in power that all their measures 
tended to the distruction of the federal sistem, and that preparations were 
making to invade Texas — At this time the people know that the Gov*- has 
been changed by the basis established in the decree of 3 October last, and 
that they are threatened with total extermination — In short the whole pic- 
ture is now clearly before them, they see the dangers that hang over them. — 
Can these dangers be averted by a provisional organization which is based 
upon a declaration that is susceptible of different constructions. Does not 
the situation of the country require a more fixed and stable state of things. 
In short is it not now necessary that Texas should say in plain and positive 
language what position she will occupy and can this declaration be made 
without a new and direct resort to the people by calling a convention in 
which the representation will be as equal in proportion to the population, 
as can be obtained — 

These are questions of the most vital importance — I respectfully submit 
them to the consideration of the provisional Gov*- in the full confidence 
that all the attention will be given to them which they merit, and that no 
time will be lost in coming to some resolution of a decisive character. 

[Stephen F. Austin.] 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 275 

D. C. Barrett to Austin 

Gen. S. F. Austin. 
Dear Sir 

When the late Convention had Organized a Provisional Government, that 
body adjourned to meet again on the first of March next, or sooner if the 
Governor and Council should make a call, leaving the power to the Gover*- 
to advise a new election of delegates, with more ample powers, than were 
delegated by the people to the late Convention. 

I am of opinion, that there should be an ordinance, of the Provisional 
Government, for calling a Convention, and upon the plan of equality of 
representation, as nearly as possible, making a basis, say of one, or two 
members, from the smaller municipalities, and the larger, in ratio of popu- 
lation; but in as much, as your knowledge of the Country and its interests, 
must excel that of most others among us and your relations of such a char- 
acter, as to render your opinions of great weight, and calculated to har- 
monize popular feeling, in its present unsettled state, I am induced to re- 
quest a full and free expression of your views upon the, subject, as the 
Chairman of the Committee of State etc. of the General Council, that my 
Committee may report an ordinance to the Council, with all the possible 
advantages to the public, which the nature of the case requires, believing 
that this object should be effected with expedition. Your reply is requested 
at your earliest leisure — 

D. C. Barrett — 

San Felipe de Austin Dec 3. 1835 — 

[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin San Felipe. 

Austin to D. C. Barrett 1 

San Felipe de Austin, Dec. 3, 1835. 
To D. C. Barrett, Esq. 
Dear Sir, 

I have just received your note of this date, in which you request my 
opinion, as to calling a convention, without delay, on the plan of equality 
of representation, as nearly as practicable. 

In two communications, which I have made to the provisional govern- 
ment, under date 30th ult. and 2 d inst, I took a view of the present political 
situation of the country, which has a close connection with the subject of 
your enquiry. I refer you to them, as those communications were of an 
official character; the object of which was to state facts, as I understood 

1 This is from a printed copy in The Telegraph and Texas Register. There is in 
the collection an autograph draft of most of the letter. 



276 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

them. I gave no opinion as to when the convention; should be called, be- 
lieving it to be more proper to leave the provisional government to draw 
its own conclusions. 

The present communication is of a different character: I am directly 
called upon to give an opinion. I should comply with this request with 
great diffidence, did I not believe that the prudence and better judgment of 
the council (to which you say it will be submitted by you, as chairman of 
the committee on state affairs,) will detect any inacuracies or false posi- 
tions it may contain. 

The general consultation of Texas was elected at a time when the country 
was distracted by popular excitements, produced by the diversity of opin- 
ions which naturally resulted from the disbelief of some that the federal 
system would be destroyed, or was even attacked, the excited and intem- 
perate zeal of others, and the general want of certain information in all. 
It could not be reasonably expected that a body elected under such circum- 
stances, would be entirely free from the conflicting opinions that prevailed 
amongst their constituents, or that a clear and positively definite position 
would be taken by it. The majority of Texas, so far as an opinion can be 
formed, from the acts of the people at their primary meetings, was de- 
cidedly in favor of declaring in positive, clear and unequivocal terms, for 
the federal constitution of 1824, and for the organization of local govern- 
ment, either as a state of the Mexican confederation, or provisionally, until 
the authorities of the state of Coahuila and Texas could be restored. This 
measure was absolutely necessary to save the country from anarchy; for it 
was left without any government at all, owing to the dispersion and im- 
prisonment of the executive and legislative authorities, by the unconstitu- 
tional intervention of the military power. Some individuals were also in 
favor of independence, though no public meeting whose proceedings I have 
seen, expressed such an idea. 

We have seen the consequence of these conflicting opinions, in the decla- 
ration made by the consultation, on the 7 th of the last month. It is not en- 
tirely positive and definite in its character. Whether or not the crisis in 
whijch Texas is now placed, can be met and sufficiently provided for, by a 
position which admits of construction in its application, is a matter of 
opinion; as for myself, I believe it cannot. 

The character of the struggle in which Texas is engaged, is now clearly 
developed; it evidently is one of life or death, "to be, or not to be." It is 
no longer a mere question about the forms of political institutions; it is 
one of self-preservation. Texas is menaced with a war of extermination: 
the government of Mexico has so proclaimed it. The people now under- 
stand their situation, and consequently are much better prepared to elect 
public agents lo provide against such a danger, than they were at the time 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 277 

of the last election. At that time the form of government was not changed 
by any act which had the influence or the character of law; it now is by 
the decree of the 3 rd of October last. At that time the state government ex- 
isted; at this, no such thing as a state exists, not even in name. The decree 
of the 3rd of October has converted them into departments, without any 
legislative powers whatever, and entirely subject to the orders of the presi- 
dent and central government in Mexico. 

Again, the representation in the consultation was very unequal, a prin- 
ciple (hat should be cautiously avoided, so far as practicable, in a body 
that is to settle the political destinies of a community where all are equally 
interested. 

The consultation, foreseeing that such a crisis as the present might ar- 
rive, has very wisely provided for the calling a convention by the pro- 
visional government; and I am clearly of opinion it ought to be done with 
the least possible delay. 

Another weighty reason in favor, is that the world are not yet sufficiently 
informed or enlightened on the causes or the merits of the present conflict. 
The people of Texas have been, and now are accused' of being ungrateful 
rebels, who have repaid the favors and bounties of the nation with ingrati- 
tude and rebellion. This accusation is unfounded and unjust. That indi 
viduals have committed imprudences and even excesses, and by so doing 
have injured the character and the best interests of Texas, by giving a pre 
text to our enemies to confound the whole of the people with those indi 
viduals may be true; but when the causes of such excesses are sought for 
they will be found to have proceeded from bad government, bad legislation 
bad administration, or no government at all. Is this the fault of Texas? 
Whenever the people here have tried to get a local organization of govern- 
ment, in order to correct and punish such excesses, they have been treated 
as rebels; so that the people are denounced because the want of local gov- 
ernment produces anarchy; and when ever they attempt to apply a remedy, 
they are treated as ungrateful rebels! This country has been redeemed 
from the wilderness by the people who now live in it, and without any cost 
to the general government or to the nation. The settlers were stimulated to 
persevere and to overcome the most appalling difficulties, by the express 
guarantees of a liberal system of government, and of the right of self-gov- 
ernment in their internal affairs, as a state of the Mexican confederation. 
The lands thus received were granted and sold by the state of Coahuila and 
Texas, and not by the general government, (except a few old grants, pre- 
vious to the establishment of the federal system) ; and it is worthy of notice, 
that one of the crimes attributed to the authorities of Coahuila and Texas 
by the general government, as justification for its military intervention, was 
a granting of their lands; and yet the general government claims all the 



278 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

merit of having given them away to the Texians! These lands and this 
country, at the commencement of the settlement, fourteen years ago, were 
valueless, and so considered by the general government, they became the sole 
property of the state of Coahuila and Texas, and the state alone had the 
power to dispose of them. The state authorities have always considered 
them to be valueless; a proof of which is the manner in which they have 
been disposed of, given away for nothing to native Mexicans, in eleven 
league tracts, and sold to them and to the colonists (for all the land ac- 
quired by foreign settlers was sold to them by the state,) at from thirty to 
one hundred dollars per square league. In 1833, thirty square leagues of 
land were voted by the late legislators, to a young man (who had previously 
received a grant of eleven leagues), as pay for one years salary, for his 
services as judge! 2 Some eight hundred square leagues were sold by these 
legislators, in 1834 and 1835, to speculators, principally foreigners, and to 
themselves; for the same legislators who passed the law for a part of this 
sale, were purchasers, at from about fifty to seventy-five and a hundred 
dollars per square league. 3 

It is not my intention to cast any censure on the legislators of Coahuila, 
or on the individuals who purchased; the object of the former was to raise 
funds out of the sale of Texas lands, to replenish the state treasure which 
was empty — the latter were speculators, whose object was to take advan- 
tage of any law or circumstance that favored their views. I have men- 
tioned this subject to prove more clearly the fact that all the legislation of 
both general and state governments, on the subject of Texas lands, has 
been based on the full belief that they were valueless, and that the nation 
and the state were great gainers by getting this wilderness settled, so as to 
have a barrier against Indians, without any cost whatever to the nation, on 
the contrary, with the gain of from thirty to one hundred dollars per square 
league. There never has been any kind of organization in Texas, that 
merits even the name of a governmnt, at least not since the year 1827. The 
moral principle of the people governed them, and kept the country quiet. 
Peace prevailed in this country, until last May; in that month, a revolu- 
tionary ball was thrown into it by the state authorities of Monclova, all 
valient Mexicans; and since then, not a month, indeed scarcely a week has 
passed, without some act on the part of the general government or its 
authorities, to increase the irritation, and hurry this country into revolu- 
tion, or into anarchy and ruin, so as to involve it in a war, to which they 
give the character of a national one against foreign adventurers. And yet, 
according to the general government of Mexico, the people of Texas alone 

2 Thomas Jefferson Chambers. 

3 See "Land Speculation as a Cause of the Texas Revolution," by the editor, in 
Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, X, 76-95. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 279 

are to be blamed for every thing, and deserve death. It is something like 
the fable of the wolf, who devoured a sheep for muddying the water of a 
brook in which they were both drinking at the same time, the wolf some 
hundred yards above the sheep. That some acts have been committed in 
Texas, which I have always disapproved, and still disapprove, is well 
known. They were reprobated and disapproved by the great mass of the 
people. But that these individual acts were of the rebel character, which 
the government of Mexico says they are, or that all Texas should be con- 
demned to ruin on this account, is as false a pretext as that of the wolf for 
eating the sheep. The truth is that liberal and free principles must be ban- 
ished from Texas, as they have been, or perhaps will be, from all Mexico, 
to suit the views of the central party. To do this, the people of Texas must 
be annihilated; and some reasons must be given to the world, for so harsh 
a measure. The rumors circulated by my enemies, that I was instructed, 
[interested] or in any way concerned in these large land sales and specula- 
tions, is false. This specimen of the ruinous legislation of Coahuila, as to 
lands, is a fair specimen of their legislation for Texas, in all other matters. 
A large portion of this country has thus been thrown away into the hands of 
speculators, and entangled by conflicting claims. And are the people of 
Texas to be blamed for all this? Was it their acts that involved this coun- 
try in a perplexing land labyrinth, and in anarchy and revolution? No, it 
was the acts of native born Mexican legislators and revolutionists. Thife 
subject, and all other matters connected with Texas, ought to be fully ex- 
plained in a manifesto from the representatives of the people. This is 
therefore another reason why a convention ought to be called. The fact is 
now evident that Texas is engaged in a struggle for existence, against great 
numerical strength and resources; and she must supply her physical weak- 
ness, by the justice of the cause. If she carjnot do this, she deserves to fall. 

For the reasons expressed, I am of opinion a convention should be called, 
without any delay, to meet as soon as possible to hold the elections and 
convene the members. This is also the decided opinion of the citizen 
volunteers of the army, as expressed to me very generally, before I left the 
camp. 

The provisional government will, of course, continue in full force, until 
changed by the convention. Their labors, in my opinion, have been directed 
by the purest desire to promote the general good, and merit the approbation 
of the couiitry. 

I remain, very respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

S. F. Austin. 



280 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Deer 4 1835 
Dr brother; I think shall leave in four days for your house my health 
is not good — shall start to Orleans as soon as possible — Enquire so as to 
let me know when and what kind of vessell there is 

S. F. Austin — 
[Addressed:] J. F. Perry Peach point 

Burleson and Milam to Government 

Camp before Bexar [December 6, 1835] 
To the President of the Provisional Governt — 

Yesterday Morning at day light or rather some twenty minutes before 
Colo Milam with a party of about 300 volunteers made an assault upon the 
Town of Bexar, his party he divided into two divisions, which on entering 
into the Town took possession of two houses near each Other, near the 
plasa, where they have been ever since, Battling with the enemy, they have 
so far had a fierce contest the enemy offering a strong and obstinate re- 
sistance it is difficult to determine what injuries has been done him, many 
killed Certainly, but how many cannot be told, on our side ten or twelve 
wounded two killed, the houses occupied by us commands some of the 
Cannon in the place, or have silenced them intirely, as it is reported to us, 
the Issue is doubtful of course — Ugartchear is on the way with considerable 
reinforcements, how near exactly, has not yet been ascertained, but cer- 
tainly he is not more than fifty or sixty Miles off, this express has been dis- 
patched for an immediate supply of ammunition, as much powder and lead, 
as can possibly be sent, instantly, of the first mentioned article there is 
none beyond the Cannon Catridges, already made up, I hope that good 
Mules, or horses, will be provided to send on these articles, with the great- 
est possible speed, traveling night and day, for there is not a moment to be 
lost, reinforcements of men also are perhaps indispencible to our salva- 
tion, I hope every exertion will be made to force them out to our relief 
immedeately 

Edward Burleson 
B. R. Milam 

James P. Caldwell to Austin 

at home Deer. 8 th - 1835. 
Genl. S. F. Austin Dr Sir. I have heard with pleasure of Your return 
from Our Army, knowing as I do the materials of which the Army is com- 
posed, I mean the insubordination, and the impossibility of keeping up any 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 281 

thing like discipline, in the absence of all Law, I do think my d Sir, that 
You did err'd materially in the appointment of Your Staff. You placed 
Men in Office that would stop, at nothing short of Your ruin etc etc 

The proceedings of the whole Convention proves to my mind the old 
adage that give Men power and they will help themselves — they have made 
appointments which will down the Whartons in our Section, say the appt. 
of L. C. Manson as 1st. Judge in our district — agst. which there will be a 
strong and very public remonstrance, as will many Others, known to 
Yrself— 

[The rest of the letter is taken up with the writer's anxiety about titles 
to his land.] 

Jas. P Caldwell 

[Addressed:] Genl S. F. Austin San Felipe De Austin 

Smith to Austin, Archer, and Wharton 
[San Felipe, December 9, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Wyatt Hanks to Austin 
[San Felipe, December 9, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Austin to Mexican Liberals 
[San Felipe, December 11, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Provisional Government to Austin 
[San Felipe, December 11, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Austin to Provisional Government 
[San Felipe, December 11, 1835. See Calendar.] 

M. A. Bryan to James F. Perry 

San Felipe [December] 12 th 1835 
Dear Father and Mother 

Uncle is on the eve of starting but still I thought I would write a line or 
two to you. 

I have had a very bad cold ever since I left Camp but am now getting 
over it: I remain with Mr Borden to copy all of uncles titles etc, help Mr 
Borden regulate Uncles papers and get all of them together to send you 

I feel alarmed for Uncles going to the North this winter because I fear he 
can not stand Cold weather but he says he will go if it Kills him so we will 



282 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

have to trust to providence for his safe return home once more The people 
are all looking forward to the good they expect to derive from his mission 
to the U. S. and I hope he will be successful in obtaining every thing the 
people of Texas want My love to all the family and accept the wishes of 
Your affectionate Son for your good health, 

M. A. Bryan [Rubric] 

N.B. No news from Joel since I left M A B 

[Addressed:] Mr James F Perry Peach Point 

Austin to Provisional Government 1 

Confidential Columbia Dec r - 14. 1835 At night — 

To the provisional Gov. t of Texas, 

On my arrival here this afternoon, I met Gen. 1 Mexia and Col. Pettus on 
horseback starting for San Felipe 

The first informed me that the principal object of his journey to San 
Felipe, was to inform the provisional Gov 1 - of the nature of his relations, 
and of the situation of things in the interior — As these matters are of the 
greatest importance, he returned with me to this place, and we have had a 
conference of much interest to the general good of the cause we are defend- 
ing, but more especially to Texas. He has shown me his correspondence 
with persons of the highest standing, especially a letter which he rec d - a 
few days since by a confidential express from the interior. 

I have not time to write fully on this all important subject, nor will my 
health (exhausted as I am by the ride down) permit it or to enter into long 
details, which I will do from my brother in law's or from Velasco; I will 
therefore at present merely say that the general good seems to require — 

First — That Gen 1 - Mexia should return with as little delay as possible to 
N. Orleans, where his presence is necessary for the furtherance of the plans 
and combinations that are made and maturing in the interior in favor of 
federalism, and of Texas. These plans are very extensive and are calcu- 
lated to cover and secure Texas effectually, provided we adhere strictly, in 
words, acts, and deeds, to the declaration of the consultation of 7 th No- 
vember last. 

2. d That as a part of his troops marched yesterday, [with] Cap Allin's 
Company, for Bexar, the balance should proceed to Copano by water, for 
which purpose they have gone to Velasco, and should take the two long 
brass sixes and two iron ones and the arms and shot, which will be very 
usefull either in the siege of Bexar or in other operations in that quarter. 

3. d That as he has spent $18,000 in this expedition, and places the can- 
non (the two brass ones cost $400 each) , and shot, of which there is a good 
supply, at the disposition of the provisional Gov 1 of Texas to be used in 

1 From Army Papers, Texas State Library. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 283 

defense of the common cause, at least one thousand dollars should be fur- 
nished him, to meet his present exigencies, for he is without a dollar. 

He requests me to say that whether he goes to Orleans, or wherever he 
may be, he wishes to be considered a citizen of Texas — He has a consider- 
able interest in the country. 

I am more and more convinced every day, and especially on calm reflec- 
tion during a solitary ride down here, that the political position of Texas, 
should continue as established by the declaration of 7 th Nov r - last. This 
declaration secures to Texas everything, and without any hazard, for it 
satisfies the federal party, and is sufficient to secure their support and co- 
operation, should the federal system fall, the 5 article is a declaration of 
independence as a matter of course. I think that a constitution ought to be 
formed and a permanent Gov. 1 established on the basis of said declarations, 
and that the provisional Gov. 1 should not legislate any more, if possible to 
avoid it — 

A change of the basis now, to that of independence, w. d give us no more 
than is secured by the declaration, provided a constitution is formed, but 
it would injure us abroad by giving an idea that we are unstable in our 
opinions and it would paralise the efforts of the federal party which are 
now in our favor, and no doubt turn them against us — Texas ought there- 
fore to adhere rigidly and firmly to the declaration of 7 Nov. 1 * and the 
public acts should correspond with it, in words and in object, without re- 
garding the opinions of excited moments, no matter by whom expressed. 
These are my firm convictions, after the most calm reflection. — 

Gen 1 - Mexia is compelled to go to Velasco, to make arrangements to start 
his men to Copano under the command of Col Peraza, in case he does not 
go himself, from that place, I will inform you of his final conclusions — 
These will be made with a view to the good of Texas — of this you need 
have no doubt whatever — 

I am told that letters of recent date have been rec. d from persons of high 
standing and correct information as to Mexican and Texas politics, and as 
to the opinions with men of judgement in the U. S. which say, "Make no 
change in your declaration of 7 Nov r - and do not even pronounce the word 
independence in a whisper." 

I have given you my opinion frankly — will write again from Velasco — 
in the meantime I recommend that some provision be made, if any can be, 
to supply Gen. 1 Mexia with $1000 — I go below early tomorrow morning 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 
I will add I have full confidence in the good faith and sincerity of Genl. 
Mexia in his efforts and desires to serve the cause of Texas — 



284 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

The address to the Mexican people sh. d be sent into the interior by every 
possible means — send a number to McKinney for me and Mexia and send 
them to Goliad Bexar and Nacogdoches and every where — 

S. F. A. 

I think the situation, of Texas, may in a great degree, depend on adher- 
ing to the declaration of 7 Nov 1 "- and on enlisting the federal party in our 
favor — I repeat this idea so often, because I am satisfied much depends 
on it. 

I have marked this letter confidential, because I do not wish that part of 
it that speaks of the interior published in print, but if my opinion will do 
any good as to adhering to the declaration of 7 Nov. r you can make any 
use of those opinions you think proper 

S. F. A. 

read and referred to select committee of 5. 

Henry Austin to Austin 

Brazoria 15. Decr/35 
Gral S F Austin 
Sir — 

I trouble you with a letter to Mr. N A Ware of Philad*- on the subject of 
a loan of money — 

Mr Andrew Hodges, one of the Presidents of a Bank in Orleans is Mr 
Wares agent in N Orleans — 

By a previous letter to Mr Ware to the Care of Mr W A Hodges I have 
made my proposition to Mr Ware at length to which I refer — 

Should Mr Ware not be in N Perhaps Mr Hodge would embrace the 
proposition, after explanations by you of the value of the property and the 
security of the instruments proposed to be given 

I beg leave to say that I shall be satisfied with any arrangement you may 
make to effect the object I have in View which is to raise money enough to 
pay the expenses of my family and Protect me from the necessity of sacri- 
ficing my best property during the present Difficultys — 

Should Mr Ware not be in N Orleans, and no one disposed to embrace 
the proposition, you will do me a kindness to take the letter with you and 
if you pass through philad a - See Mr. Ware — 

In Case you should go to New York and no one should embrace the pro- 
posal in New Orleans. I will be much obliged by your seeing my friend (a 
Broker in Wall Street) George Shipman, Mr Jonathan Goodhue, Geo Gris- 
wold, and James Treat, Mexican Consul, and State to them my situation, 
That is that I have a large and Valuable estate which I must loose without 
the aid of Money to sustain my expenses during the revolutionary 
Struggle— 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 285 

I have written to John upon the subject, my old friends in New York 
will remember me when told where I am and how situated 

H. Austin [Rubric] 

P S in the event of the money not being to be had at 20 prct I had 
rather give 25/00 for 10.000 for two years than not get it — and should 
7 leagues not be deemed sufficient security I would add three leagues more 

[Addressed:] Gral S F Austin Prsent — 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney 

Brazoria Deer. 16 

The gray horse that Genl. Mexia rides down belongs to my brother in 
law Perry, I wish you to take charge of him and keep him at your house — 
I hear that the Schooner Wm Robins sails tomorrow — I shall be down by 
the middle of the day, and Perrys gray horse can be sent up with the one I 
ride down; if you can, have him taken over to your side of the river — 

I am in bad health for a winters journey — a bad cold has settled on my 
lungs and I have an annoying dry cough which is very severe — 

The ideas advocated, and circulated through the country last summer 
when Zavala was at your house on his first landing, are extending rapidly 
amongst the people — 

Mexia's situation is very unpleasant — he has scarsely escaped insult, and 
I am told that I am denounced as a Mexican etc, merely for treating Viesca 
and Mexia and a few Mexicans with common politeness — 

These things however are not carried to any thing like the extreme, that 
1 fear they will be. I say, fear they will be, because some outrage upon 
justice and hospitality may be committed by our excited patriots, as they 
call themselves, that will do no credit to Texas — 

I have a draft on you from the provisional Govt, for $500. Is it good 
for any thing — I want some money for travelling expenses — How is Mexia 
to get his men on to Copano — He is in a good deal of trouble — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 
[Addressed:] Mr Thomas F McKinny Quintana 

H. J. Offutt to Austin 
[Mexico, December 15, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Smith to Austin, Archer, and Wharton 

[San Felipe, December 17, 1835. See Calendar.] 



286 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Thomas F. McKinney to Austin 

Quintana 17. Dec. 1835 
Genl. S. F. Austin 
Dr. Sir 

Your horse is sent up by Simon. I am unable to say any thing about the 
Schooner W. Robbins as to her sailing I would be very glad to see you for 
a day or two before you leave. It is now thought the W Robbins should 
go to Matagorda Perhaps we will be able to arrange otherwise. I fear if a 
stand is not taken against self dubed patriots all our labors in Texas are 
gone to the devil and me with it. Where is the money to come from to pay 
10 or 15 Million of Dollars with our present population We must decline 
in credit and means will be with held from us and we must fail altogether 
all for being a little fearful of oposing Red hot unthinking politicians 
whose business will be to spend money but upon the people will devolve 
the burthen of paying it and when the devil will we be able to pay 3 or 400$ 
for every soul in Texas all for high sounding terms — Finding several pieces 
written and published in favr. of Independence by the Same men over dif- 
ferent signatures and finding none of our Citizens oposing — I wrote and 
sent to that Slave Gray a piece in order to let it be known that we were not 
unanimous in that way of thinking and to get our citizens to reflect. He 
seemed to approve it and said he would publish it but the next day John 
Wharton reached there and he has suppressed the publication and substi- 
tuted a bag of stuff illy comporting with our present condition. I am truly 
surprised that public opinion should be thus forstalled and our politicians 
yielding the very right of thought to a wild unthinking faction. Can or 
will you do it God forbid you have the power of saving Texas if you will 
exert it but what is to be come of us Come down. 

Your friend 
Thomas F. McKinney [Rubric] 

[Note on back:] Since writing news has reached us that Cos has fled 
with 100 men from Bexar Milam killed a vessel is off filled from one 
end to the other with passengers we know what [not] what she is but 
think it the Santiago McK 

[Addressed:] Col Stephen F. Auston Peach Point 

Austin to J. F. Perry 

I purchased three eleven league tracts of Aguirrie of Saltillo. The power 
of attorney to take possession of this land and sell it was given to Wil- 

1 From a photostat copy. The original is owned by Judge Norman G. Kittrell, 
Houston, Texas. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 287 

liams by Aguirrie. Of these tracts one was sold to Mr. St John by Wil- 
liams with my consent. One was sold to John Austin without my consent 
and one still belongs to me and was located by me on the east side of Colo- 
rado at the foot of the mountains surveyed by Fernando Rodriguiz which 
I paid him for and left with Williams. All these things will be fairly stated 
and settled by Williams, I have no doubt. I wish you to attend to it all 
and all my business as well as you can, but not to involve yourself in any 
way in any of my affairs. I gave Austin Bryan a note on James H. Bell (I 
think that is his name) for fifteen cows and calves to be delivered at his 
home nearly opposite San Felipe on the 15 April next. Drive them to 
Chocolate. I indorced the note to be credited in my a/c for money ad- 
vanced by you for me when in mexico. 

I wish the title for the land belonging to me that is in my brothers name 
which I purchased from others, Iransfered to me by order of court, as soon 
as it can be done My part of the matagorda tract is one of them, which I 
got from Whiteman [Wightman] by exchanging other land for it. 

I wish to adopt Stephen F. (my brothers son) and that he should be 
delivered up to me, to be dealt by as my own^ son. 

I wish you to make titles in my name for the Brasoria lots that have 
been sold. 

Dec/ 17. 1835 S. F. Austin 

As regards the upper colony — I have never yet rec'd. one cent. I have 
had nothing to do with it. My name has been used for the benifit of others 
and I have rec'd. all the abuse and calumny. Williams knows all about it. 

S. F. Austin 

Austin's Memorandum Concerning His Brother's Estate 1 

To James F. Perry — 

Memorandum as to J. B. Austin's estate etc. 

All the funds furnished by J.B.A. when he entered into partnership with 
John Austin were furnished by me, and I am now bound for a claim of 
upwards of eleven hundred dollars to the estate of John Austin. In the 
settlement John Austin assumed all the debts due by the estate. There is 
a debt of the firm still unpaid due I think to Collins. I lost about five thou- 
sand dollars which I advanced to my brother in various ways at various 
times for that business for after my brothers death John's account against 
J.B. Austin brought him largely in debt. I think about Eleven hundred 
dollars which I promised to pay. 

The land that is deeded to my brother purchased from individuals, be- 
longs to me, and the deeds were taken in his name because at that time there 

1 From a photostat copy. The original is owned by Judge Norman G. Kittrell, 
Houston, Texas. 



288 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

was no other officer to acknowledge them before except me. I wish Steph- 
ens expenses paid out of this land after the title is vested in me by the 
court. 

The settlement with the estate of John Austin and McKinstrie and Austin 
cannot be made untill Williams returns, and I am present. I do not owe 
near the sum claimed. 

I know very little about my private affairs. Williams understands them 
better than I do. If you can find out anything about them I wish you 
to do so. Dec. 18. 1835 

S. F. Austin 

G. W. Lovelace to Austin 

Louisiana — Sicily Island Deer. 18 th 1835 
Stephen F. Austin Esqr. 
Dear Sir 

I have taken the liberty to place your note, which calls for five hundred 
and Twelve Dollars and fifty cents in the hands of Mr Marcus L. Fulton 
for collection, which I hope you will honor any arrangement that you and 
Mr Fulton may make, will be considered binding by me — You will also 
call to memory that my Brother Edward, loaned you One hundred Dollars 
in Natchez prior to your going to new Orleans and which was not included 
in the five hundred Dollar note 1 — and after you left new Orleans and be- 
fore the Vessel sailed from Orleans — he laid out one hundred Dollars for 
provisions for the use of said crew, this hundred Dollars I presume you 
never heard of before, as you and my Brother never saw each other after 
the transaction. Nevertheless it is as correct as the balance, but that will 
rest with you to say whether you will recognize it as such. I presume you 
will not hesitate to pay interest on the amount — as you are satisfied that 
you never could have sent that vessel to the Brassos without his assistance. 
You have heard of the death of my Brothers I am the only one living I 
hope you will succeed in your struggle for freedom, and soon be able to 
organise your Government — 

G. W. Lovelace [Rubric] 

Henry Smith to Austin, Archer, and Wharton 

[December 20, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Asa Brigham to J. F. Perry 

[Columbia, December 20, 1835. See Calendar.] 

1 These loans date back to November, 1821, when Austin was fitting out his first 
party of emigrants. See Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, 291. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 289 

John W. Dorsey to Austin 

[Liberty Town, Maryland, December 22, 1835. See Calendar.] 
Austin to F. W. Johnson, et al. 1 

Quintana, December 22, 1835. 

Dear Sirs: We expect to get off to-morrow in the Wm. Robbins; Archer, 
the two Whartons and myself and several other passengers. 

There has been a great deal of low intrigue in the political maneuvering 
of a party who I am at last forced to believe have their OAvn personal ambi- 
tion and aggrandizement in view, more than the good of the country. These 
men have operated on Archer until they have made him almost a political 
fanatic, preaching a crusade in favor of liberty against the city of Mexico, 
the only place short of which the army of Texas ought to stop, etc. 

The Mexicans say that it is rather curious that the people of Texas should 
fight against military rulers, and at the same time try to build up an army 
that may, in its turn, rule Texas as it pleases. I think it probable there 
will be some thousands [of] volunteers from the United States in a few 
months. They nearly all wish to join the regular army on the basis of 
volunteers. What shall we do with so many? How support them? I fear 
that the true secret of the efforts to declare independence is, that there must 
then be a considerable standing army, which, in the hands of a few, would 
dispose of the old settlers and their interests as they thought proper. 

The true policy for Texas is to call a convention, amend the declaration 
of the 7th of November last, by declaring Texas a State of the Mexican 
Confederacy under the basis laid down in the fifth and other articles of 
said declaration of the 7th of November, form a constitution and organize 
a permanent government. Every possible aid should be given to the Fed- 
eral party in the interior; but it should be done as auxiliary aid, in con- 
formity with the second article of the declaration. By doing this the war 
will be kept out of Texas. This country will remain at peace. It will fill 
up rapidly with families, and there will be no great need of a standing 
army. I believe that the combinations in the state of Tamaulipas are very 
extensive to form a new republic by a line from Tampico, west to the 
Pacific, and it is probable that the capitulation at Bexar was made to pro- 
mote that object. In short, it is much easier to keep the war out of Texas, 
than to bring it back again to our own doors. All that is necessary is for 
us not to do anyhing that will compel the Fedeial party to turn against us, 
and if they call on us for aid let it be given as auxiliary aid, and on no 
other footing. 

1 From Brown, History of Texas, I, 463-465. 



290 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

This takes away the character of a national war, which the government 
in Mexico is trying to give it, and it will also give to Texas just claims on 
the Federal party, for remuneration out of the proceeds of the custom 
houses of Matamoros and Tampico, for our expenses in furnishing the 
auxiliary aid. But if Texas sends an invading force of foreign troops 
against Matamoros, it will change the whole matter. Gen. Mexia ought to 
have commanded the expedition to Matamoros and only waited to be asked 
by ihe Provisional Government to do so. 

I repeat: It is much easier to keep the war out of Texas and beyond the 
Rio Grande, than to bring it here to our own doors. The farmers and sub- 
stantial men of Texas can yet save themselves, but to do so they must act 
in union and as one man. 

This, I fear, is impossible. In the upper settlement Dr. Hoxey is loud 
for independence. Of Course he is in favor of a large standing army to 
sustain it, and will no doubt be ready to give up half, or all, of his prop- 
erty to support thousands of volunteers, etc., who will flood the country 
from abroad. 

It is all very well and right to show to the world that Texas has just and 
equitable grounds to declare independence; but it is putting the old settlers 
in great danger to make any such declaration, for it will turn all the 
parties in Mexico against us. It will bring back the war to our doors, 
which is now far from us, and it will compel the men of property in Texas 
to give up half or all to support a standing army of sufficient magnitude to 
contend with all Mexico united. 

S. F. Austin. 

[To F. W. Johnson, Daniel Parker, D. C. Barrett, J. W. Robinson, Wyatt 
Hanks, P. Sublette, Asa Hoxey.] 

Austin to Provisional Government 1 

Velasco Dec. r 22. 1835— 
The best interests of Texas, I think require that the war should be kept 
out of this country and beyond the rio grande. On this principle I was in 
favor of fitting out Col Gonzales and did everything I could to do so. I 
was, and am in favor of giving to Gen 1 - Mexia and his men what aid we 
could, and generally of affording assistance to the federl party in the in- 
terior by such auxiliary forces as we could spare. I have been and am op- 
posed to any measures that will give to the central gov 1 - in Mexico any 
foundation to say that the Texan war, is purely a national war against for- 
eigners and foreign invaders — In short I have thought, and still think that 
Texas should rigidly adhere to the leading principles of the declaration of 

^rom Army Papers, Texas State Library. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 291 

7 Nov. r last. By so doing we preserve our character for consistency and 
good faith. 

I will here observe, that in my communication to the provisional gov*- 
of 2 d instan-t recommending the convocation of a convention on the basis 
of equal representation, I objected to the declaration of 1 Nov. r as being 
liable to [mis] construction. Perhaps I ought to state the extent and nature 
of my objection — it is this — The declaration does not declare Texas to be 
a state of the Mexican confederation, which I think it ought to have done, 
subject however to all the other provisions and principles established in 
it — This would have given a fixed and demnite character to the political 
position of Texas and concentrated public opinion, and at the same time 
left her the option of reuniting with Mexico or not hereafter, according as 
the federal constitution when reestablished conformed or not to the repub- 
lican principles of the federal system, for it is to be remembered that the 
declaration of Nov r - 7 does not adhere to all the anti-republican features 
and defects of the constitution of 1824, it only adheres to its republican 
principles and to the federal system. 

It is well known that the object of the federal party of Mexico at this 
time is to reform the constitution of 1824 so as to expunge all its anti-re- 
publican principles. Our declaration of 7 Nov. r in this respect is therefore 
in strict conformity with the basis on which the federal party are acting 

But it is objected that Texas cannot declare herself a state of the Mex- 
ican confederation, unless she does so under the constitution of 1824 with 
all its defects etc. To this I answer, that, the dissolution of the social com- 
pact and the present physical situation of all Mexico gives to Texas the right 
of declaring herself an independent community — This being the case she 
certainly has the right to do much less, that is, to say she will continue 
united with the Mexican confederation, provided the federal party succeed 
in reestablishing the federal system on truly republican principles, free 
from the defects of the constitution of 1824, at the same time offering her 
aid to that party to effect this object. 

As to independence — I think it will strengthen the cause of Texas to 
show that we have legal and equitable and just grounds to declare inde- 
pendence, and under this view I touched upon this subject in, my communi- 
cation to the provisional Gov. 1 of 30. th ultimo. But I also think that it will 
weaken Texas, and expose the old settlers and men of property in this coun- 
try to much risk, to make such a declaration at this time, and under the 
present circumstances, for the reason that it will turn all parties in Mexico 
against us — bring back the war to our own doors, which is now removed 
from Texas by the fall of Bexar, and compel the people to seek aid at any 
sacrifice. — I do not think it necessary to run any such risk, for the natural 
current of events will soon regulate everything. A large portion of the 



292 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Mexicans are determined to be free. If they succeed, Texas will participate 
as a state in conformity with the declaration of 7 Nov r - — if they fail, Texas 
can at any time resort to her natural rights. 

There are about 200 volunteers here, and probably will be a 1000 or more 
in a month. What is to be done with them? They must and ought to be 
provided for and employed — I think that head quarters should be fixed at 
Goliad, and that a federal auxiliary army should be collected there, and 
offered to the federal party should it be needed by them. This will be in 
conformity with our own offers in the 2. d article of the declaration of 7 
Nov r " and it will also place Texas, on a footing as to the federal party that 
will justify the former in expecting remuneration from the latter for what 
she spends in aid of the federal cause by furnishing auxiliary forces 

I write this letter as a citizen of Texas, and not as a commissioner — I 
give my opinions frankly and refer you to Col Fannin for a further ex- 
planation of them, I believe that this meritorious officer and myself do not 
differ materially on these subjects. 

S. F, Austin [Rubric] 

To the Provisional Government of Texas 

[Endorsed:] Read and ordered to be filed Jan. 2 th ' 1836 

Anson Jones to J. F. Perry 

[Brazoria, December 24, 1835. See Calendar.] 

Austin to Royall 

Quintana, December 25, 1835. 
[R. R. Royall] 

Dear Sir: The affairs of Texas are more entangled than I suspected 
they were. While the real friends of the country have been laboring in 
good faith for the general good of all, a few men, an unprincipled party, 
have clanned together to get possession of the public affairs to promote 
their own aims of ambition and personal aggrandizement. There has been 
much low intrigue, and amongst others I have been deceived and treated 
with bad faith. My whole thoughts and soul were devoted to the common 
cause of Texas, and I could not suffer even my suspicions to descend so low 
as to suppose that there were individuals who could be influenced by any 
other motives than purely patriotic ones. I ought to have known better, 
but I was unwilling to believe that so much bad faith and political dis- 
honesty and low intrigues existed as I am now compelled to believe has 
been and no doubt will continue to be practiced by Wharton and a few 
others. 

^rom Brown, History of Texas, I, 466—468. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 293 

What ought the owners of the soil, the old settlers of Texas, who have 
redeemed this country from the wilderness and made it what it is, think of 
men who will collect the signatures of persons on their first landing, who 
had not been here a day, or only a few days in the country, and attempt to 
impose a paper thus signed upon the world as the opinion of the people of 
Texas. This has been done here, and a large number of names collected 
to a paper for declaring independence. It is time for the people of Texas 
to look to their true interest and distinguish between those who serve them 
in good faith and those who are mere political jugglers and base political 
intriguers. 

I am associated in a mission to the United States with a man that I can- 
not act with — a man whose conduct proves that he is destitute of political 
honesty, and whose attention is much more devoted to injure me than to 
serve the country. I mean Wharton. Dr. Archer, I believe, is governed by 
pure intentions, but he is very wild, as I think as to his politics, and too 
much inclined to precipitate this country into more difficulties than there 
is any necessiy for. Associated with such men, what have' I to expect? or 
what has the country to hope? The war is now taken beyond the limits of 
Texas. Why bring it back by adopting such a course as must and will turn 
all parties in Mexico against us? Will the people of this country suffer 
themselves to be jeopardized in this manner by a few men who attempt to 
assume their voice? 

I have given my opinion on these matters in a letter to the Provisional 
Government, which Col. Fannin takes up, and to which I refer you. The 
fact is that Texas is now in the hands of a party, and the whole objects of 
this party are to retain the power and serve themselves. If they are not 
checked they will saddle the people with an army and a debt, an,d involve 
them in a war that will be difficult to bear. The people ought to look to 
their interest before it is too late. I find that I have but little to expect, 
that is if I am to judge of the future by the past few months, and that I 
can be of but little use to Texas. I go on this mission from a sense of duty. 
It is a bad example for any one to refuse the call of the people when the 
country is in difficulty. I have been called to go, and I obey the call; but 
if party influence and low intrigues and cabals are to govern Texas, I wish 
to have as little to do with her affairs in future as possible. 

Perhaps I am myself somewhat to blame. My unsuspicious disposition 
and the great importance I have always attached to union and harmony, 
may have led me into errors by trusting and countenancing men who were 
unworthy of my notice or of confidence. When I arrived here last Septem- 
ber I found the country distracted and divided. My first object was to try 
and unite and harmonize, and I set the example by harmonizing and acting 
with my personal enemies. I did it in good faith and in the firm belief 



294 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

that I was serving Texas by such a course. Had there been good faith in 
the men I thus attempted to harmonize, it would have been a service to the 
country, but there was not, and for this reason the course I adopted did 
harm. I find that parties must and will exist. I have heretofore tried to 
keep them down. I have never been a party man, but in future I believe 
the public good will be promoted by having the parties clearly and dis- 
tinctly marked. Let a line be drawn, between them, let the people under- 
stand that such a line is drawn and judge for themselves. Jackson's rule 
is a true one: 'everything for friends and nothing for enemies.' 

I beg leave to recommend my friend, Col. Fannin, to you and my friends 
generally as a man who is identified with the soil and interests of Texas, 
and as an honorable soldier. Farewell, 

S. F. Austin. 

Austin to Perry 

V 

Quintana Deer. 25. 1835 
Mr James F. Perry 

I have had a conversation, with McKinny about laying off a town at this 
place — There are a number of applicants for lots — 

I never realized any thing out of the lots at Brazoria and I do not wish 
that the same result should take place as to this place — others can make 
money in this way, and I see no just cause why I should not 

After Williams returns, you and McKinny and he can consult on the 
subject, and lay out the lots here, have a handsome map made of them, and 
sell them to the best advantage without waiting for my return 

I wish to retain some lots in a good situation for business, and some for 
building residences — the next block below McKinny and Williams's ware 
house are the best for the first object you will retain them for me and 
some high back lots for the second You will also want a place to build a 
retreat in the sickly season. 

You can however arrange this matter amongst you, as may be deemed 
best for my interest and future convenience for I trust the matter to you as 
persons who will not neglect what is due to an absent friend 

McKinny and Williams are to have the lots where their ware house is. I 
will settle this matter with them when I return You will of course lay out 
no lots nor make any disposition of the land above the creek, (west union) 
what is below will be sufficient for the present — 

Williams is a good hand at arranging speculations of this kind to the 
best advantage — Great pains have been taken by my enemies and Williams* 
to sow suspicion in my mind against him — all this is intrigue of the basest 
kind — pay no attention to such stuff — I have told you the same verbally 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 295 

and now repeat! it in writing, and that my confidence in him is in no way 
affected by such efforts — I have written to him to transfer the eleven league 
tract of mine which is in his name to you or to me, or give some memoran- 
dum how that tract stands — it was selected by me on the east side of Colo- 
rado at the foot of the Mountains, surveyed by Sam. P Browne All these 
matters should be settled or reduced to writing so as to be understood in 
case of death — My object now is to close all my unsettled affairs, pay all 
debts and try to fix myself so as to be comfortable and in a situation to 
make my friends so — a few days with Williams aid will enable you to un- 
derstand how my affairs stand — but it must not be neglected and put off — ■ 
attend to it at once and to the a/c with John Austin's estate as soon as Wil- 
liams returns and have all these things finished and put to writing — If I 
have heretofore been too careless and negligent as to such things, I shall in 
future be on the opposite extreme and press the closing of all my unsettled 
business, I therefore request that you will loose no time at all after Wil- 
liams return — attending to all these matters and closing them as fast as 
possible — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

To avoid all difficulty or misunderstanding in case of my death I will 
now say to you that I intend to make a present to McKinny and Williams 
of the lot where their ware house is, and should I never return you will 
consider this a full authority to make that disposition of it — I will also 
state that I consider myself bound individually to refund to them the money 
they advanced to Grayson and Jack to go to Mexico and also for my drafts 
on them — the same as to the money advanced by J. H. Bell and yourself or 
any other of my friends for my assistance when in prison and under prose- 
cution in Mexico in the service of Texas 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr James F. Perry Peach Poini: 

M. A. Bryan to J. F. Perry 

San Felipe de Austin Deer 30 th 1835 
Dear Father and Mother 

I have nearly finished copying the transfers of Lands to Uncle from 
different individuals and will have them certified by the Judge and will 
send them down by the first safe hand. As yet I do not know whether I 
shall be able to get hold of Uncles titles to his land from the Solomons 
composing the council long enough to copy them or not. The council have 
determined not to open the Land Office; but as Doct Peebles is one of the 
commissioners who were appointed to take charge of the papers I may 
perhaps get them from him long enough to take a copy of them without the 



296 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

knowledge of the council. I have copied about 30 transfers of lands to 
Uncle and will secure that much at any rate as I have the originals in 
my possession and will not give them up if they are required of me, until 
I get the copies certified by the Judge Mr. Bordin thinks perhaps we may 
be able through Dct. Peebles to get hold of his titles and if I do get hold 
of them I will take copies and then if the originals are destroyed the copiss 
will be good; and I think there is some risk in leaving papers of such im- 
portance in the hands of those men who compose the council without a cer- 
tified copy of the whole I send this by Mr Cane a planter from Mississippi 
who wishes to buy land I recommended him to you knowing that you 
would like to sell some land on Chocolate for the purpose of having the 
land improved; he wishes to buy several tracts as he intends to bring five 
or six families out with him if he can get land to suit him He is an old ac- 
quaintance of Mr Bordens his traveling companion is by the name of 
Roach who also wants to purchase some land I expect they are both Gen- 
tlemen at least they appear to be so I write no news because I presume 
you get every thing through the paper of this place and otherwise much 
sooner than I could enumerate it by letter. I want you to write me what I 
shall do after I get through here whether I can do any thing below or not 
I am here without a horse but will buy a good mule the first chance as I 
know you want mules that is if I can get the money from Mr Fletcher. 
Mr. Somervill has not got in from the wars yet I look for him daily. 
Johnson is commander in chief of the forces at Bexar. Write me often I 
have not reed, a letter from you since Uncle left Joel has gone home some 
time ago I heard of his being at Bastrop on his way home, but he did 
not come by this place. I shall soon be out of business and I would like 
to get in some situation where I could improve myself and make some- 
thing at the same time. Uncle spoke of taking me to the U. S. with him 
but he finally concluded ['hat he would not until he went on and saw where 
I had better be put for a year or two. In fact I did not want to go as the 
state of the country is such that I would have been uneasy about you all the 
time consequently he came to the determination of not taking me on 
with him 

I think you would do well to get this mar* to settle on Chocolate as he 
will bring several families with him and I expect he is a man of some capi- 
tal he saw so much land on the maps of Galveston bay country marked 
with your name and Uncles that he is induced to believe that you will sell 
land cheap on account of having so much and I think the chocolate country 
will suit him very well he will also purchase stock caltle 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 297 

Jones is selling goods fast and at a very high price 
My love to all the family Your affectionate Son 

M. Austin Bryan 
N B I have heard that I have a fine sister that I have never seen 

M A B 
P. S. I could remain here and perhaps make enough to buy my clothes 
and pay my board and have some considerable time to study if you think 
I had better remain and apply myself to the study of the Spanish write me 
if not what shall I do? Your Son 

M A B 

Austin to Henry Austin 1 

Dear Henry — Mr Ware is not in the city — he is some where in the state 
of Mississippi — I will leave your letter for him with Mr A. Hodge presi- 
dent of the Orleans Bank — There is great enthusiasm in favor of Texas in 
this city, and all over the U. S. — a thousand fold more than I had any idea 
of — The universal opinion seems to be that, we ought to declare Inde- 
pendence immediately — it will give us the aid of men of capital and high 
standing and character who wish for a more extensive field, than a mere 
party war in Texas — My own feelings and impulses inclined me to this 
course long ago and especially when I left San Felipe — What I said to 
the provisional Govt, on the 30th. November and 2d December indicates 
my feelings plain enough — It was unfortunate that I came on by water — 
I should have arrived sooner by land, and I could not have gone to the 
lower country, where the warm and even violent feelings of some of my 
friends did at that time to a certain extent prcipitaie me into party feel- 
ings 2 — a thing I have always tryed to avoid — 

I am now acting and in future shall act on my own impulses, for I have 
generally found them to be correct — / go for Independence for I have no 
doubt we shall get aid, as much as we need and perhaps more — and what 
is of equal importance — the information from Mexico up to late in De- 
cember says thaU the Federal party has united with Santa Anna against us, 
owing to what has already been said and done in Texas in favor of Inde- 
pendence so that our present position under the constitution of 1824, does 
us no good with the Federalists, and is doing us harm in this country, by 
keeping away the kind of men we most need — were I in the convention I 
would urge an immediate declaration of Independence — unless there should 
be some news from the interior that changed the face of things — and even 
then, it would require very strong reasons to prevent me from the course I 

1 From a book of copies in file of August 27, 1829. See Henry Austin to Austin, 
December 15, 1835. 
2 See Austin's letters of December 22 and 25, 1835. 



298 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

now recommend — I wish you to inform McKinny and Jack etc of the con- 
tents of this letter — that is of such parts of it as you think proper — and I 
advise you to take an open and bold stand for Independence at once — I 
hope all my friends will do the same — and that the Question will be de- 
cided unanimously — as I before observed I am informed that the Federal 
Party have done nothing for us — and will do nothing — if so it is a folly to 
maintain our present position any longer — 

S. F. Austin 
New Orleans, January 7, 1836. 

Austin to General Sam Houston 1 

New Orleans, January 7, 1836. 
To Gen. Sam Houston 
Dear Sir: 

In all our Texas affairs, as you are well apprised, I have felt it to be my 
duty to be very cautions in involving the pioneers and actual settlers of 
that country, by any act of mine, until I was fully and clearly convinced 
of its necessity, and of the capabilities of our resources to sustain it. Hence 
it is that I have been censured by some for being over cautious. Where the 
fate of a whole people is in question, it is difficult to be over-cautious or 
to be too prudent. Besides these general considerations, there are others 
which ought to have weight with me individually. I have been, either 
directly or indirectly, the cause of drawing many families to Texas; also, 
the situation and circumstances in which I have been placed have given 
considerable weight to my opinions. This has thrown a heavy responsi- 
bility upon me, so much so that I have considered it to be my duty to be 
prudent, and even to control my own impulses and feelings; these have 
long been impatient under the state of things which has existed in Texas, 
and in favor of a speedy and radical change. But I have never approved 
of the course of forestalling public opinion by party or partial meetings, 
or by management of any kind. The true course is to lay facts before the 
people, and let them judge for themselves. I have endeavored to pursue 
this course. 

A question of vital importance is yet to be decided by Texas, which is a 
declaration of independence. When I left Texas I was of opinion that it 
was premature to stir this question, and that we ought to be very cautious 
of taking any steps that would make the Texas war purely a national war, 
which would unite all parties against us, instead of it being a party war, 
which would secure to us the aid of the federal party. In this I acted 

1 From a newspaper clipping. The letter is printed in Brown, History of Texas, 
I, 470-472. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 299 

contrary to my own impulses, for I wish to see Texas free from the tram- 
mels of religious intolerance and other anti-republican restrictions, and in- 
dependent at once; and as an individual have always been ready to risk my 
all to obtain it; but I could not feel justifiable in precipitating and involv- 
ing others until I was fully satisfied that they would be sustained. Since 
my arrival here, I have received information which has satisfied me on this 
subject. I have no doubt we can obtain all and even much more aid than 
we need. I now think the time has come for Texas to assert her natural 
rights; and were I in the convention I would urge an immediate declaration 
of independence. I form this opinion from the information now before me. 
I have not heard of any movement in the interior by the federal party, in 
favor of Texas, or of the constitution ; on the contrary the information from 
Mexico is that all parties are against us, owing to what has already been 
said and done in Texas in favor of independence; and that we have nothing 
to expect from that quarter but hostility. I am acting on this information. 
If it be true, and I have no reason to doubt it, our present position in 
favor of the republican principles of the constitution of 1824, can do us no 
good, and it is doing us harm by deterring those kind of men from joining 
us that are most useful. I know not what information you may have in 
Texas as to the movements of the federal party in our favor, nor what in- 
fluence they ought to have on the decision of this question, this being a 
matter which the convention alone can determine; I can only say that, with 
the information now before me, I am in favor of an immediate declaration 
of independence. Santa Anna was at San Luis Potosi according to the last 
accounts, marching on rapidly with a large force against Texas. We must 
be united and firm, and look well to the month of March — and be ready. 
I shall try to be at home by that time. Yours, respectfully, 

S. F. Austin. 

Austin to Royall and Fisher 1 

New Orleans, January 7, 1836. 
Messrs. R. R. Royall and S. Rhoads Fisher. 
Dear Sirs: 

I am happy to inform you that the cause of Texas and of liberty stands 
very high in this city and all over the United States. The spirit of the 
people is aroused by the evident justice of our cause, and they will sustain 
us. The universal wish and expectation in this quarter is that Texas ought 
to declare herself independent at once. 

I have always been cautious and unwilling to involve the pioneers and 
actual settlers of Texas in anything like precipitation. As to the right of 

a From Brown, History of Texas, I, 469. 



300 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Texas to declare herself absolutely independent, I have no doubt; none 
can possible exist; but, when I left home, I was not fully satisfied that we 
should be sufficiently sustained. Information received here has satisfied 
me on this subject. The people of Texas in future need not hesitate to 
declare independence, from any doubts about being sustained; and, as for 
myself, I am willing to go into the measure, and believe we ought to do it 
without delay. 

At the last accounts Santa Anna had left Mexico and was rapidly march- 
ing on to Texas. He had rached San Luis Potosi. 

S. F. Austin 

Austin to Mrs. Holley 

New Orleans, Jan 7, 1836. 

I hope to have the pleasure of seeing you soon, but it is not certain, as 
I may not be able to visit Lexington until I return from the Eastward as 
we are very much pressed for time. I am bound to Washington, New York 
etc. in company with Doc r - B. T. Archer, and W. H. Wharton Esq r - We 
are commissioners for the Texan Government. Our principal object is to 
raise money means and men to sustain our cause. 

The War for Liberty goes on prosperously, so far, in Texas. It must, 
and will, end in Independence — a full Declaration will be made in March. 
That of 7th November was the first step, preparatory to the second and 
final one. The fact is, we have no other remedy left. By the last accounts 
the Central Government is established, and the Federal system totally de- 
stroyed. The Texans may, therefore, for the future, be considered an inde- 
pendent people, intirely separate from Mexico. We are young to set up for 
ourselves, but we are the sons of that great nation which has astonished the 
world by its deeds, and progress in the cause of liberty, light and truth. 

When I left Texas there was not an enemy within our limits, nor east of 
the River Bravo del Norte. Gen. Santanna, however, is marching on in 
person with all the force he can collect to anihilate us. We have no fears, 
but we must be ready for him. We need all the aid we can get in men and 
money, provisions, arms and ammunition. 

Large contributions have been made in the United States for the exten- 
sion of Christianity over the South Sea Islands by means of Missionary 
societies. Is not our cause quite as important and sacred? We are trying 
to banish from our homes religious intolerance and despotism, and to 
establish in the place of it, liberty and freedom of conscience. How many 
thousands of pious families of all denominations might find a home and 
become the proprietors of the soil in Texas — the best soil and climate 
accessible to north Americans — if religious toleration were once firmly 
rooted there! Religion, morality, the arts and sciences, the great sources 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 301 

of liberty — which is in fact, the cause of mankind — all unite in calling 
upon the free, the generous, the enterprising and the pious, to step forward 
in aid of Texas. We expect aid from the religious portion of the com- 
munity, and that the pulpit will pour out its fervent prayers to a just God 
for his blessing on our endeavors, and send its eloquent voice to the people 
in the cause of all free churches — the cause of truth and justice. 

Our fate will probably be decided in three months. Santanna is making 
a great effort. If he fail, it must be his last. Now is the time to aid us — 
now is the time of salvation. We need everything — provisions and money— 
and men well armed, officered, and provided. Their expenses will all be 
refunded at the close of the war, with interest, besides donations in land, 
The opening is a great one, if it were only a matter of speculation — it is 
glorious in its cause. A new republic is about to rear its independent 
banner over a country but lately a wilderness — There is magnificence in 
the idea — prosperity freedom and glory in the results. 

We shall stop one day at Louisville. I should like much to visit Lexing- 
ton. Some of my much cherished schoolmates and companions of happy 
days still reside there: John McCalla, Pierce Butler the Todds etc. please 

remember me to them. Tell my Cousins E and H 

I hope it will not be long before they can live in Texas with such comforts 
as they merit. If we weather the storm untill June all will end well and 
prosperously. I have no doubt we shall, for we rely on aid from the 
people of the U. S. — but it must be prompt. 

There is a Louisiana Battalion; a Georgia Battalion; a Mississippi 
Battalion; an Alabama Battalion; and a Tennessee Battalion; why can 
there not be a Kentucky Battalion? It would be a fine opening for a mili- 
tary man of standing — a Lafayette service. They might go by land from 
Natchitoches, or by water from here. The former I prefer, as Mexican 
cruisers are on the coast. We are fitting out some to meet them, but our 
money is rather short. 

I have written hastily and must close, for I am at the end of the paper, 
but not at the end of the subject. It is a copious one, and I am perhaps 
rather enthusiastic in the view I take of it. My whole heart and soul is 
devoted to it. I am well. 

S. F. A. 

A. Huston to Austin et al. 

New Orleans Jan 10 th 1836 
In conformity with a special act of the Provisional Government of Texas 
I have been ordered to this place to Purchase such articles in the Qr Mas- 
ters Department as are necessary for the immediate sustainance and use of 
the army I herewith transmit to you a Copy of the articles which I am 






302 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

ordered to purchase and with a high sense of the importance of that de- 
partment of our armys being fully and amply supplied I hope you will 
Loose no time in Placing at my disposal the Necessary means to accomplish 
that End — 

A. Huston Qr. M. Genral Texas Army 

To Genl S. F Austin B T Archer Wm Wharton Commissioners 

List of Articles, to be purchased by Col A Huston in N. Orleans 

8000ft. Lead 
1000 Butcher Knives 

1000 Tomahawks, well tempered with handles 
100 Spanish Saddles (Opelusas) with red blankets 
100 Pair Styrrups 100 pair Spurs 
100 Sursingles 
100 Bridles and Cabrases 

10 Baggage Waggons with Geer for 60 Horses 
150 Axes — 150 Spades, 50 Mattocks 
6 Sets Blacksmiths tools 

1 Set of Gunsmiths Tools, with Anvils bellows and portable forge 

3 Set of Carpenters tools for field Service 

20 Steel Corn Mills a patent portable hand mill 
1200 Blankets 3% point French Coloured 
200 pairs Brogans from N°. 6 to 12 
225 Coffee Pots— 
5 Medicine Chests — 

350 Bbls Flour 
200 do prime Ship bread 
20, 000^ middling Bacon 
50 Bbls Mess Pork (Inspected) 
15,000ft Coffee 
15,000ft Brown Sugar 

120 Galls French Brandy, (first quality) 
120 " Port Wine — ditto — 

20 Bbls Cidar Vinegar 
5 do Whiskey 

5,000^ Bar Soap 
5,000ft Sperm Candles 
50 Bbls Peas or beans — 
3,000ft Chewing Tobacco. (Kentucky) 

The foregoing is a copy of the articles I am ordered to purchase Except 
the article of Flour that is only half the amount I am directed to pur- 
chase. 

A. Huston Qr M Genl 



the austin papers 303 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Smith 

[New Orleans, January 10, 1836. See Calendar. The letter is published 
in Garrison (ed.), Diplomatic Correspondence of the Republic of Texas, 
I, 55-57, in Report of American Historical Association, 1907, II (Wash- 
ington, 1908.] 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Smith 

[New Orleans, January 10, 1836. Schooner Liberty. See Garrison, 
Dip. Cor. Texas, as cited, I, 55.] 

George R. Robertson to 



[Tampico, January 14, 1836. Concerning Mexia's Tampico Expedi- 
tion.] 1 



A. J. Yates to Austin, Archer, and Wharton 

[New Orleans, January 14, 1836. See Calendar. The answer to the 
letter, summarizing Yate's proposal, is in Garrison, Dip. Cor. Texas, as 
cited, I, 61.] 

Austin and Wharton [to Smith] 2 

In conformity with the powers vested in us as Commissioners of the Pro- 
visional Government of Texas, we have in consequence of having full faith 
in the fidelity, integrity and ability of Mr. William Bryan Merchant of 
New Orleans, appointed and constituted him General Agent for Texas. 

1 st - It shall be the duty of said Agent to correspond regularly with the 
Government and the Commissioners, and to keep them apprized of any, and 
everything that may be useful to Texas. 

It shall be his duty to accept all drafts drawn by the Purchasing Agent 
to the extent of the funds of the Government within his control, also to 
accept generally for the Government so far as prudence will justify. 

It shall be his duty to accept and receive all donations that may be sent 
to him from any part of the world, and deposit them to the credit of Texas 
in the Bank of Orleans, as the law requires. 

1 0n the Tampico Expedition and the execution of the captured men, see Fisher 
to Austin, October 20, 1835. (MS omitted from this volume) and an article 
by the editor in Quarterly of Texas State Historical Association, VI, 169-185. 

2 From Diplomatic Correspondence, Texas State Library. 



304 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

It shall be his duty to supervise the filling of all orders chartering of 
vessels etc etc, to keep a faithful account of all purchases etc duplicates of 
which shall be transmitted to the Government every three months. 

It shall be his duty to compare accounts with the Purchasing Agent 
every three months, and transmit the results to the Government every three 
months as aforesaid. We pledge ourselves that all orders of the Govern- 
ment for purchasing in the City shall be directed to said William Bryan 
so long as he is the agent of Texas. 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 
W M - H. Wharton 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Edward Hall 

We the commissioners of Texas hereby appoint Edward Hall to purchase 
and ship all supplies required by the provisional government of Texas and 
also to charter vessels for their transportation. It is hereby made his duty 
to call upon our general agent Wm Bryan for all funds necessary for the 
purchase of supplies, chartering vessels etc. and to compare accounts with 
him every 3 months. 

Austin to Thomas F. McKinney 

New Orleans, Jan 16. 1836 
T. F. McKinny, 

This will be delivered by my friend Dr Richardson a gentleman of ster- 
ling worth and high standing as a physician. I refer you to the Dr. for 
information about the public opinion in this country as to the affairs of 
Texas. There is but one sentiment all over the U. S. which is in favor of 
Texas and of an immediate declaration of independence We have nego- 
tiated a loan on the terms of the enclosed contract 

This was obtained on the belief that Texas would declare independence 
in March — it could not have been had otherwise. The accounts from Vera 
Cruz and Tampico are that the federal party have united with Santanna 
against Texas — This of course leaves us but one remidy, which is an 
immediate declaration of independence — I hope it will be unanimous — 
I wish I was there to urge it. I would do so by every means in my power. 
A number of vessels are fitting out in Vera Cruz and Tampico heavily 
armed — Santanna was at Saltillo some time ago and is probably at Mata- 
moros before this — A storm is brewing, but it will be harmless if the 
people are united and come out at once for independence. 

There is no news of Williams, God knows what has become of him — 

My health is much improved. I wish it had been as good in Texas — it 
might have been of service to the country if it had — There must be union 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 305 

and harmony and we must all go together, unanimously, in favor of inde- 
pendence. 

Send this to to Perry and Grayson — Love to the ladies. 

Yours — S. F. A. 

Jan. 17. I have just heard that there was a mob at San Felipe headed 
by Mosely Baker — Such a rumor has injured us here — What has that 
man to do with Texas, or what claims has he to confidence that he 
should have influence to raise a mob. Shame to Texas that such things 
should be — God poured upon Texas his most bitter wrath, when he suf- 
fered the last Monclova Legislature (of most infamous memory) to meet 
at all. Years will not relieve Texas from the evils produced by that legis- 
lature — this mob I fear is a paragraph in the long chapter of evils which 
the acts of that legislature has entailed on Texas. 

[Addressed:] Mr. Thos. F. McKinny Quintana Mouth of Brazos Texas 



Austin to D. C. Barrett 

Copy of a Letter to Col. D. C. Barrett. 

New Orleans, Jan. 17, 1836. 
Dear Sir, 

Texas stands high all over this country. We have effected a loan for 
two hundred thousand dollars and expect to procure another for 40 or 
50,000. The enclosed contract contains the terms of the first loan, it will 
no doubt be ratified by the Convention as stipulated. The credit and pros- 
pects of the country will be totally ruined if it is not. The last news from 
Vera Cruz and Tampico is, that the Federal Party had united with Santa 
Anna against Texas. This leaves us but one course, which is an absolute 
Declaration of Independence. Such a measure is expected and called for 
by the people of the United States, from one end of this union to the other. 
We could not have obtained the loan here except on the firm belief by the 
lenders that a Declaration of Independence would be made in March next 
by the Convention. 

The negotiation that is now pending for another loan has been embar- 
rassed by a rumor that there has been a mob at San Felipe to destroy the 
Government, and restore the old state of things under Coahuila and Texas. 
I do not believe there has been any such thing. Texas must be united and 
act together and in harmony and never recede one inch. It may perhaps 
be necessary to stop and rest a while on the way, but never to retrace our 

1 From a newspaper clipping. 



306 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

political march. It must be forward. The country has rested a short time 
under the declaration of 7th November, in order to look around and gain 
a little more strength and a little more information as to the road yet to be 
traveled over — and we are now ready for another move and a final one. 
Whatever difference of opinion there may have been as to the time for this 
move, I hope there will be none now. The whole nation of all parties are 
against us; they have left us but one [course] — INDEPENDENCE — It 
is now necessary as a measure of self defence. The United States as a 
people are ready to sustain it — we shall sink in their estimation if we do 
not adopt it. 

My health is greatly improved — I wish it had been as good in Texas — I 
should then have been more active and followed my own impulses and 
judgment, both of which are sufficiently indicated by my communications 
of 30th November, 2nd December and letter to you about that time. 

I shall try to be at home by the first week in March and preach Inde- 
pendence. 

S. F. Austin. 

Austin to Gail Borden, Jr. 

New Orleans Jan 18, 1836 
Dr Sir, 

Texas continues to rise all over this country, our rise in public opinion 
and confidence is however based entirely on the prospect of a speedy 
declaration of independence — I have assured every one that this measure 
is certain and will be unanimous, as all the reasons in favor of the declara- 
tion of 7 Novr. have entirely ceased owing to the federal party having 
united with Santanna against us — 

My health is greatly improved — had it been as good before I left home, 
I should have come on from San Felipe by land and avoided the excitement 
which I found blazing at Quintana and other places in the low country. 
I shall preach independence all over the U. S. wherever I go — What do 
you think of the inclosed idea of a flag? 

Mr. William Bryan has promised to attend to your business, but no in- 
surance can be effected 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Gail Borden Jr San Felipe de Austin Texas 

To be mailed at San Augustine or Nacogdoches 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 307 

i 

Austin to James F. Perry 

New Orleans Jan 18, 1836 
Dr Brother, 

All goes well in this part of the world in favor of Texas — That country 
is rising dayly. Public opinion however expects and calls for an absolute 
declaration of independence without any delay 

Any serious divisions amongst the people there will ruin Texas in this 
country — I wish you all to unite on the basis of independence 

My health is much improved — We have effected a loan for $200,000, 
but only get 20 per cent advance at this time — The balance is to be paid 
after the loan is ratified by the convention, which I hope it will be without 
delay — Texas will be ruined if it is not — It is to be repaid in money at 
8 pr cent interest, or in land at fifty cents an acre — We shall probably 
close another loan today or tomorrow for 40,000 or 50,000 more also pay- 
able in land at same price, with an allowance for prompt payment, broker- 
age etc 

There is no news from W. God knows what has become of him — you 
will recollect that he had no authority to pledge any of my property — 

Love to sister and the children — Shall try to be at home the first week in 
March — I sent the plan of a flag to Borden and Grayson which I think is 
historic — farewell 

[S. F. Austin] 

[Addressed:] Mr. James F. Perry Peach point near Brazoria 

William W. Lea to W. H. Wharton 

Eaton Tenn Jany 18 th 1836 
Wm. H. Wharton Esq 
Dear Sir, 

I have noticed in the newspapers your appointment as Commissioner from 
Texas to the U. States for the purpose of negociating loans and making 
other arrangements for the advancement of the Texan cause. I saw a gen- 
tleman, a few days since, who informed me that he came with you to New 
Orleans and that you would in a few days probably be in Nashville. I 
have therefore embraced the opportunity of addressing you a line for the 
purpose of making some enquiries and of making a conditional proposal 
for raising a corps for the service of Texas. A brother of mine is now an 
officer of some experience in the service of the U. States and if he could be 
assured of a proper reception in Texas would, I have no doubt, resign, raise 
a respectable corps and devote himself to the service of the rising state. 
He is well qualified as an engineer and tactician, having graduated among 
the distinguished at West Point Academy and having served five or six 



308 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

years in different corps; latterly in the Dragoons. His plan is to raise a. 
regiment if possible of mounted riflemen and offer them to the service of 
Texas. The place of rendezvous proposed is Jackson in the Western Dis- 
trict. He is at present at Fort Des Moines, but will be in Baltimore and 
Washington City early in March. Would such a corps be accepted? For 
what time must they be engaged? How long in your opinion will the war 
continue? Will Texas pay the expenses of the corps from the time they 
are embodied and will some advance be made for procuring the necessary 
equipments 

I am informed that you will probably be at Washington City in March. 
If so, I and my brother will meet you there at that time and enter into some 
definite arrangements if the proposal is accepted. In the mean time you 
will oblige me with a speedy answer. — Some persons are of the opinion 
that the war will be speedily ended. I am not of that opinion but cannot 
now enter into my reasons for coming to a different conclusion; but will 
give them when I have a more convenient opportunity — With great respect 

Wm. W. Lea. 
I write in haste and you will excuse errors 
[Addressed:] Wm H Wharton Esq Nashville Tennessee 
[Postmark:] Eaton T Jany 19th Free Wm. W. Lea P. M. 

J. E. Savage to Austin, Archer, and Wharton 

[New Orleans, January 18, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Austin and Archer to T. D. Owings 

[New Orleans, January 18, 1836. See Calendar. The letter is in Garri- 
son, Dip. Cor Texas, as cited, I, 59.] 

Austin and Archer to Smith 

[New Orleans, January 20, 1836. See Calendar. The letter is in Garri- 
son, Dip. Cor. Texas, as cited, 57.] 



Austin to Thomas F. McKinney 

New Orleans Jan. 21, 1836 






Mr. T. F. McKinney 

We, that is Archer and myself, expect certainly to leave tomorrow for 
the upper country — 

W. H. Wharton started on the 16 for Nashville — we remained to close 
the business of the commission in this City, which we have done in a very 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 309 

advantageous manner, as I think, for the interests of Texas — we have ef- 
fected a second loan of $50,000 for land at 50 cents pr. acre — some differ- 
ence between this and the monclova legislature which gave land at about 
50. dolls, pr. League — This loan produced us 40.000 dolls, prompt pay- 
ment in hand 

The news from all quarters is cheering and prosperous for Texas — noth- 
ing is wanting but an immediate declaration of independence, and union 
and harmony at home, without this all is lost — There has been the most 
perfect harmony in the commission — we all agree as to the main principles, 
and especially as to independence — I hope that in future there will be 
union, more so than there has been, — If there be good faith in some of 
those who have been the most restless I think there will be — John Wharton 
assures me that on his part, there will be no more restlessness and his 
brother says the same — I know what reply you will make to this — but my 
object is the country, our country, it is, or ought to be the paramount object 
of all, and without union and harmony, our country is lost. 

There are rumors here of disturbances at San Felipe, which discouraged 
the friends of Texas injured her credit, and caused our enemies to exult — 
If substantial and deliberate men are elected to the convention, and vio- 
lent demagogues are permitted to stay at home, all will go right, for such 
men will legislate for the country, and not themselves or for a party. 

In well organized Governments, parties are usefull for they operate as 
checks, but situated as we are in Texas they are ruinous, and ought to be 
discountenanced — I have always tried to keep them down, and have been 
much censured by my friends for yielding, rather than encourage party 
feelings — I may have been wrong, for party spirit never gives credit to 
any person for purity of motive — The situation of Texas is now critical, 

and a great effort is necessary to establish union, and harmony The 

country ought to go unanimously for independence. Public opinion all 
over the U. S. expects and earnestly calls for it — Much harm has been 
done heretofore by those who have endeavoured to precipitate this Measure, 
by violence, partial meetings, and forestaling public opinion by manage- 
ment etc. I think they are now convinced of the impropriety of this course, 
and will pursue a different one, and a rational one in future — at all events 
let us all labor to promote union and harmony — 

No news from W. I fear he is dreaming somewhere. God grant that his 
dreams may be less injurious to Texas than some which were drempt at 
Monclova — 

Love to the Ladies — S. F. A. 

[Addressed:] Mr T. F. McKinny Quintana Col. J. A. Wharton 



310 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

W. Richardson to Austin 

Gen. Austin 

Will please purchase for the medical and surgical department of Texas, 
the following additional supply of medicines, etc 

4 Cases amputating (instruments), 4 trephening do 

4 do Pocket do 

12 Gum elastic catheters 

1 /2 rb Beeswax 

16 lbs Arrow root 

6 do ground flax Seed 

12 do, Simple cerate 

16 rolls adhesive plaster 

6 bed pans (metalic) 

12 Epsom salts, 

10. Rhubarb, 

10. Calomel, 

12. Bottles Quinine 

lft> Opium 

4 lbs Laudanum 

4 do Paregoric 

1 n> Tar Emet 

2 lbs Ipecac, 

6 Lunar Caustics 
4 n» Castile Soap 

1 n> red precip. 

Vi do corrosive sublimate 

2 bottles Cal. Magnesia, 
6 Bowel Syringes 

12. Bottles Caster Oil 

6 lbs Lint 

6 Small wedgewood mortars and pestles 

6 Files and spatulas 

4 lbs Gum Arabic, 

Materials for six large tents, for the Sick, with blankets, for bedding, etc. 

W. Richardson Surg. Gen. of the Army of Texas 

List of medicines purchased in N. Orleants Jan. 21. 1836 — an additional 
supply will be needed from N. York 

S. F. Austin 

Financial Statement — (No. 1) 

D r - The Commissioners of Texas in a/c with the Treasury Department 
of Texas. 
1836 

January 11. To amount of Loan of 11th January of $100,000. 10%..„. ..$20,000.00 

" " " Donation of Messrs Yates and Mclntyre, by A. J. Yates 125.00 

" Proceeds of Benefit from the Camp Street Theatre 150.00 

18 " Nett proceeds of Loan of 18th January $50,000 40.000.00 

$60,275.00 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 



311 



1836 

January 21 



January 11. 



tt 


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a 


it 


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it 


12 


tt 


« 



To Balance on this day - 22,708.50 

The original vouchers of the foregoing Account are 

in the hands of the Commissioners 

E. E. New Orleans January 21. 1836 

By Draft of Dept. of Deer. 14, 1835, favr. of Jason Jerret $ 270.00 



Do 



of 



14 


a 


Do. 


15 


a 


Do. 


20 


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favc 
Do. 


18 


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Do. 


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Bart. Pages 867.00 

Cash paid Capt. Brown of Schooner Liberty for 

seamens wages — (Jany. 7, 1836) 200.00 

By Do. paid I. F. Wells, purser of said 

Schooner Liberty 100.00 

Do. paid Tickets at Benefit of the 

Camp Street Theatre 150.00 

Do retained by Commissioners for private expences 600.00 

Do paid A. Huston, Quarter Master of Texas Army 7000.00 

Do " " " for 250 bbls. flour 2000.00 

Do " John A. Wharton, Adutant General 4000.00 

Do " F Wells, purser of Schooner Liberty for outfit etc 2500.00 

Do " New Orleans Committee balance due on the 

outfit of first Volunteers to Texas 800.00 

D°. paid for brass 6 pound cannon 695 lbs a 30c 208.50 

Do. transportation across the river of cannon 2.00 

Gregory Byrne on purchase of Schooner "Ingham"1000.00 
I Bledsoe as a compensation for services in 

favor of Texas 100.00 

J A. Wharton, Adjutant General 1500.00 

Capt. C. E. Hawkins (advance wages) 500.00 

"J M. Allen on Gen. S. Houston order for 

the recruiting service of Texas 4000.00 

" A Huston, Quarter Master, for his Dept 7000.00 

Mrs. Peyton's draft, on assumsit of Council 133.00 

G Bryne on purchase of Schooner "Ingham" 4000.00 

B T. Archer, M W. Smith 1st Lieut, of Cav— $150. 
O D. McAlister " Rec*- 

Service 150. 

Thos. P. Erwin Sergt- Schooner Liberty— 100. 

400.00 

Do " A J. Yates expences to New York 200.00 

Do " Two Manifold writers for Commissioners 36.00 



Balance of Cash on hand this day 22708.50 



312 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

New Orleans, January 21, 1836. 
The foregoing balance, as within stated of $22,708 50/100 has been dis- 
posed of as follows: 

Deposited in the Bank of Orleans subject to the orders 

of the Gov*- of Texas 10.000 

Deposited in said bank subject to the orders of W m Bryan ag*- of Texas to 

provide for fitting out the Schooner independence and other cash claims 10,000 

retained by the Commissioners for contingencies 2,708.50 



$22,708.50 
S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

Reed- on loan in N York $5000 

June 14 Deposited with Wm Bryan 

Texas agent in N. Orleans $5000 

Austin and Archer to Bryan 

[New Orleans, January 21, 1836. See Calendar. The letter is in Garri- 
son, Dip. Cor. Texas, as cited, I, 62.] 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Yates 

[New Orleans, January 21, 1836. Se Calendar.] 

A. C. Allen to William Bryan 

[New Orleans, January 22, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Bank of Orleans to Austin, Archer, and Wharton 

[New Orleans, January 22, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Austin to J. M. Wolfe 

Know all men by these presents that the undersigned commissioners of 
Texas constitute and appoint, J. M. Wolfe of Texas an agent of said Gov- 
ernment to negotiate and effect any loans at any price at the interest of 
eight per centum per annum to be redeemable in land at whatever price the 
Government of Texas may establish on or before the first of December next 
and to pledge the faith of Texas revenues for said loan and said Wolfe 
is authorized in our behalf to make agents at any place to receive whatever 
money may be given to us in trust of the United States of America and 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 313 

said agent shall be authorized to send any person or persons to Texas who 
may think proper to go and any act that said Wolfe may do as aforesaid 
conducive to the interest of said government in entering into obligation or 
otherwise we will ratify and confirm by these presents — in witness whereof 
we have hereunto set our hands and affixed our seals this 22 nd - Jany 1836 
sum or sums of money to be borrowed are to be deposited by the lender 
in the bank of N Orleans to the Credit of the Government of Texas subject 
to their order 

S. F. Austin LS 
Commissioner of Texas 

Austin and Archer to Smith 
[New Orleans, January 24, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Austin and Archer to Bryan 
[New Orleans, January 24, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Henry L. Webb to Austin et al. 

To Genl S. F. Austin and Doct Archer etc 
Gentlemen 

I had contemplated raising only 100 men but Col Clemson informs me 
56 men is the number of each company, according to the arrangement of 
the Texas government. I will therefore increase the number so as to fill 
two companys, Any arrangement made with Col Clemson I will consider 
binding on me. I am 

Henry L. Webb [Rubric] 

Caledonia 111 Feby 1st 1836 

[Addressed:] To Genl. S. F. Austin and Doct Archer of the Texas 
Committee 

S. Rhoads Fisher to Gail Borden, Jr. 
[Matagorda, February 9, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Austin to T. D. Owings 

[Nashville, February 12, 1836. See Calendar. The letter is in Garri- 
son, Dip. Cor. Texas, as cited, I, 69.] 

R. C. Hancock to Austin, Archer, and Wharton 
[Nashville,, February 13, 1836. See Calendar.] 



314 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

S. F. Austin to H. Austin 1 

Nashville, Feb'y 14 th ' 1836 
all goes on prosperously for Texas in this part of the world — I have 
never been in a place where I have met with more genuine hospitality and 
enthusiastic patriotism — 

We can get all the aid we need to sustain our independence and I think 
it will not be difficult to procure the recognition of the U. S. Govt, — Noth- 
ing is wanted but union and concert of action and of purpose at home and 
an unqualified declaration of independence at once — That of 7th, Nov'r 
has been made an absolute declaration of independence, by the acts of the 
Mexicans by submitting to centralism and of the Govt, in invading us, and 
no act of that government for the sale or transfer of Texas, to any one, can 
be or ought to be, in any manner valid, or obligatory on the people of 

Texas 

We all have the same great interest at stake, and the same 



objects — which are the total separation of Texas from Mexico, and our 
independence as a new republic, or annexation to the U. S. under proper 
guarantees — All we have to do is to keep this object in view and labor 
solely with an eye to its accomplishment, and to the public good and gen- 
eral happiness, regardless of personalities, or parties, or anything 

else 

I had no idea before I left home of the deep and general 



interest that is felt for the cause of Texas, or of the influence which my 
opinions seem to have in this country — had I known it sooner, I should 
have been less cautions than I have been, about precipitating the people of 
Texas into a declaration of independence — The responsibility, however, 
would have been very great on me had I contributed to involve the settlers 
whom I had been instrumental in drawing to that country, before I was 
certain they would be sustained. I am now confident they will be fully 
and promptly sustained in their independence, and that the sooner such a 
declaration is made the better — Besides, the reasons for leaving open any 
door, however small, for a re-union with Mexico have ceased, for all parties 
have united against us — 

S. F. A. 



1 From a copy of Extracts, in file of October 14, 1836. 






THE AUSTIN PAPERS 315 

H. J. Offutt to Austin 

Mexico 15 th February 1836 
Col - S F Austin 

[A paragraph concerning Land in Texas is omitted.] 
A word about things and matters there has bin letters Re d here from 
Mahere 1 14th Jny that he had left Texus in disgust that he found out that 
there was Two parties one wished to declare for Independen free of the 
Mexican government and the other for the constitution of 24 — the former 
was gaining ground and would Succead there fore he Could not have aney 
more to do with the Ta ha ners [Tejanos} — paddre Puchey 2 has Rote a 
letter to santanner which has bin published he Sayes he went there to 
settle his lands but found Such a Set of Villians and Rasculs that he could 
not Stay there and wishes to return and have an interview with him 
that he was in all the Secrets of the Rebbles of Texus (Cant his damd Scalp 
be Taken of) letters has been Re d in Town dated Sotillo 1st Inst, that the 
bigg man Rote he was to leave the next day for Baher 3 and would arrive 
in all this month with 7 thousand Troopes he goes the upper Rode to 
baher Cant the grass be burnt before his march so that his Stock may live 
well and Expedite his march Cant all the stock be drove a cross the Colo- 
raw and if nesary a cross the brasoes So that they may have a plenty of 
provisions a head of the armery this would be adviseble by all means 
provided there was not a Sufficient number of the boys Together to Receve 
him politely at the Noases or some of the Swamps he has to pass Cant the 
Commanches help him on by driveing of Some of the Caveyards on the 
Route and by that means lessen the bigg mans Expences on the Rout for he 
will want money there is no doubt I am Satisfied that there is but little 
preparration to send much on to him in the Luse [Luz] of Last night 
there is a Report from Some General that at Meare he had captured Ex 
Colo. Gonsales with some mexicans and there bagage this officer is des- 
tined for Golead and he Rote he has began to make the Rebbels of Texus 
feel his Vengeance I think you may Calculate To See me in all april 
unless Some thing Takes place I am at this time Not aware of at this time 
all is quiet here but business is very bad I have sold out and will wind up 
as quick as possible wishing you Success no more at presint 
No Letters can Reach me in my own Name at this place 

[H. J. Offutt] 
[Addressed:] Colo. S, F, Austin New Orleans 
[Readdressed:] Washington City 

a Jose Antonio Mexia. 
2 Father Alpuche. 
3 Bexar. 



316 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Austin to Mrs. M. A. Holley 1 

Nashville, Feb. 16, 1836. 
Dear Cousin — 

I have been detained by the ice but expect to leave for Louisville tomor- 
row. I have been treated with the greatest kindness and hospitality in this 
city; and was never more grateful or pleased with any place in my life. 
The greatest enthusiasm pervades all ranks and sexes here in favor of the 
cause of Texas. The Ladies of Nashville have offered to furnish the means 
of forming and transporting a company of Volunteers to Texas. It is now 
raising and will soon be ready. This generous and disinterested act of 
patriotism is worthy of imitation, and will fill a bright page in the brilliant 
record of female magnanimity, and devotion to the cause of liberty, of 
philanthropy and religion. Such is the cause of Texas. We are contend- 
ing for the right of self-government, and of worshipping God according to 
the dictates of our consciences. Our object is independence. I hope that 
the great and patriotic State of Kentucky will join their Sister States of the 
South in aiding us A fine field is presented for the enterprising This 
contest once over — and it will soon be over — and Texas will rise and pros- 
per rapidly. Col. T. D. Owings has offered to raise two regiments in Ken- 
tucky. March, April, and May next is the time we shall need aid, for by 
that time Santa Anna will be with his army. 

S. F. Austin. 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Smith 

[Nashville, February 16, 1836. In Garrison, Dip. Cor. Texas, I, 66.] 

Austin to Smith 

[Nashville, February 18, 1836. In Garrison, Ibid., I, 70.] 

Thomas F. McKinney to Austin 

New Orleans Feby 22 nd - 1836 
Col S. F. Austin Washington 
Dr. Sir 

I have intended answering your letter to me from N. Orleans but have 
realy been at a loss how to begin finding from circumstances which I will 
satisfactorily or at least clearly explain to you if ever again we should 

1 From the Northwestern Gazette and Galena Advertiser (Galena, Illinois), April 2, 
1836. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 317 

meet that you and I must sever totaly in any thing of a political character 
and having always shown to you my partialities for you and your opinions 
from my conduct toward you I shall be equaly frank in saying to you that 
my confidence in you is I think for ever at an end I am not your enemy 
and trust never will be but at the same time I am now fully convinced 
that you can not be any thing else but an injury to your country where 
you have influence. I have warned you of dangers which were preparing 
for you but shall never again raise my voice in your defence or warn you 
of any thing which may come to my knowledge against you If you are 
ruined it shall not be my fault nor will I ever be found to take any part in 
your fate or your fortune all the diffculty I have ever had in that coun- 
try has been on your account. I do not intend to say you are dishonest 
no Sir but you are from your nature useless in any thing like a public 
capacity and your illusions and remarks in that letter to me from N. 

Orleans are * 

You will verry probably find yourself unsustained in your pledges for 
Texas declaring Independence 

Thos. F McKinney 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Smith 
[Nashville, February 24, 1836. In Garrison, Dip. Cor. Texas, I, 71.] 

Archibald Hotchkiss to Thomas H. Avery 

[San Augustine, March 2, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Governor of Texas 

[Nashville, March 3, 1836. In Garrison, Dip. Cor. Texas, I, 72.] 

Austin to James F. Perry 

Louisville March 4. 1836 
Dr Brother, 

The ice and a severe attack of influency and pluricy detained us at Nash- 
ville — Wharton remained there sick but we expect him dayly — I am now in 
pritty good health shall go up to Lexington and thence on by Marysville 
up the Ohio — 

Every thing is cheering in this part of the world for Texas The hearts 
of this people are with us — Nothing is now needed but union at home and 
an absolute and immediate declaration of independence — I hope it is al- 
ready made by the convention and an express dispatched with it for the 
commissioners — 

1 The blank is McKinney's. 



318 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

The most perfect harmony exists between all the commissioners — Archer 
is truly a noble fellow. I have never known him intimately before, and 
I am very much attached to him — Wharton and myself are on the best of 
terms and I have no doubt will always continue to be in future — it is not my 
fault that we ever were otherwise — heretofore we [have] not known each 
other personally as we might and ought to have — I hope for the good of 
Texas that we shall harmonize in future, all parties are injurious to our 
country at this time. We are few in numbers, and we must be united. 

Williams will give you the genl. news of the times. I wish you to get 
him to attend immediately after his arrival to the business I left a memo- 
randum of with you — Life is uncertain and such matters ought to be closed 
finally — I recommend the Bank he has made arrangements to put in opera- 
tion — it will be very usefull to Texas and I hope there will be no opposi- 
tion to it — I cannot believe there will be any — Love to Sister and the 
children remember me to your neighbors — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] James F. Perry Esqr. Peach point near Velasco Texas 
S. M. Williams 

Henry Austin to Perry 

Brazoria 5 March /36 
Mr Jas F Perry 
My dear Sir 

I am here to embark by the first vessel for N Orleans, to Meet Stephen, 
raise money, send out provisions and return with all possible dispatch 

It appears to me, it would be judicious for you to send' Emily and the 
younger children, for altho I do not believe the enemy can ever penetrate 
into the heart of the Brazos timber, still I fear our hardest fighting will be 
on the Colorado or upper Brazos, and the anxiety which Emily would feel 
at having the enemy so near, the apprehension of a possible rising of the 
negroes, and the danger that the Indians may avail themselves of the oppor- 
tunity for plunder, and make an inroad, will distress her much and prob- 
ably impair her health — besides you would feel much relieved and be more 
at liberty for personal exertions, were your family in a place of safety — 

I will take charge of them, and altho the captn of the Comanche says he 
shall have no room for pasengers and will take me only in consideration of 
my being an old sailor, we could enduce him easily to take your family — 

Mrs Townsend expects to go in the Commanche — 

One of my white force has marched mounted equiped and paid at 

my cost Estis takes my best Horse, rifle pistols etc and will march with 
the party for the Colorado reserve — He thinks strongly of forting east of 
the Brazos near the timber for the Security of the families, and as a place 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 319 

of retreat, and for a bold stand in case the enemy force their way acrost 
the Colorado, and will do it if he can get a sufficient number to Join — 
We have 35 acres Corn planted and up, shall have 15 more in next week, 
the negroes under Mrs Estis can tend it — but we give up the thought of 
Cotton till my return and the defeat of Santa Anna I shall be here some 
days to arrange my affairs and then if I can get a horse will come to your 
place, and go from there to Velasco to embark, 

Should you conclude to send Emily and the children come here and let 
us make the needfull arrangements, We can at the same time finish the 
business of Brown Austins Estate 

best regards to Emily and believe me truly and cordially 

H. Austin [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Mr Jas- F Perry Peach Point 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Br van 

Washington March 31. 1836 
Wm. Bryan Esqr Texas agt. N. Orleans 
D Sir. 

Your various communications addressed to us since leaving New Or- 
leans were not received until last evening. They are the first accounts we 
have had from you. For the attention and zeal for our sacred cause 
evinced by them be pleased to accept our heartfelt gratitude, your con- 
duct in every respect since acting as agent so far as has come to our knowl- 
edge has met our most cordial approbation. The scarcity of funds of 
which you speak has distressed us not a little. We have agents in New 
York and elsewhere busily engaged in endeavoring to make monied nego- 
tiations. Most of the capitalists have been awaiting the present Texas Con- 
vention. If that declares absolute independence all will go right imme- 
diately. We are disappointed at not hearing from the convention before 
now, and expect the declaration of independence dayly We have just re- 
ceived very favorable propositions from New York in regard to a loan of 
a large amount. It is bottomed however on an absolute declaration of 
independence by the convention. As soon as we get news of this we will 
proceed to N York and contract the loan We will raise funds if we give 
10 pr cent and mortgage every thing we possess on earth even to our 
wearing apparel On this you may rely but we cannot accomplish the 
matter until we hear from the convention In Gods name Do hold on in 
the good cause and strain every nerve to keep up the public credit until we" 
can relieve you the public feeling is all on our side and that of the gov- 
ernment too but this is confidential Genl Austin and W H Wharton were 
very sick at Nashville which prevented our getting on sooner but we could 
have accomplished nothing by being here or in New York with out having 



320 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

a declaration of independence to shew Again we conjure you to persevere 
and sustain the public credit until we can relieve you which shall be as 
soon as possible 

S. F. Austin. W. H. Wharton 
B. T. Archer — Corns, for Texas. 

Austin to Wolfe 

Washington March 31. 1836 
J. M. Wolfe Esqr 
Dr Sir, 

We presume you have seen in the papers an account of the defeat of the 
Mexicans at fort Alamo, in San Antonio, and that San tana is at the river 
Nuecis with a large force etc 

We have also information of all that can probably be effected at New 
York — and shall go there in a few days — 

The zeal and patriotism with which you have advocated the cause of 
your adopted country has encouraged us to request that you will proceed 
with as little delay as possible to Charleston south Carolina, and do all 
you can to procure Men and money for our cause — The actual invation of 
Texas by San tana requires the most prompt Measures, and we believe 
that immediate presence of an agent in the southern States is all impor- 
tant, We therefore hope that your business will enable you to leave N. Y. 
for Charleston without delay — 

We do not wish you to stir the subject of a public meeting at Philadel- 
phia or N. York, so that you need not delay one moment on that account — 
Any funds you may be able to collect in the southern States, you will please 
deposit with Wm Bryan the Texas agent in N. Orleans. 

In N. Orleans you will find letters from us to the Texian Govt, to be 
taken on by you, in case you should arrive there before us. 

[Stephen F. Austin.] 

Henry Austin to Asa Brigham and J. S. D. Byrom 1 

To Honble Asa Brigham 
J. S. D. Byrom. 

Delegates of the Hon. Convention from Brazoria 
Gent n - 

I am impelled by a sense of duty as an individual citizen of Texas to 
apprize you and through you if you think it consistent with your public 
duties the President and members of the Convention of the deranged state 

1 From Diplomatic Correspondence, Texas State Library. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 321 

of the interests of Texas in this city The Commissioners of Texas when 
here appointed Mr. William Bryan General Agent and Edward Hall Pur- 
chasing Agent for Texas and contracted a loan here for Two hundred thou- 
sand dollars of which ten per cent or Twenty thousand dollars was paid in 
cash, the balance to be paid in instalments on receipt of the ratification of 
the conditions of the loan by the Convention. Another Loan of Fifty thou- 
sand dollars was also contracted here on which it is said Forty thousand 
dollars cash was paid, of this amount say Sixty thousand dollars, Eleven 
thousand only have been received by the Agents, Ten thousand remain in 
the Bank subject to the draft of the Government of Texas only, nearly all 
the remainder it is believed was placed in the hands of sundry purchasing 
Agents,* and disbursed to their discretion without supervision by any comp- 
troaling officer or the usual checks upon disbursements of public moneys. 
The Agents here in full confidence that the loan would be promptly rati- 
fied and the money be ordered to be placed at their disposition have pur- 
chased and accepted for the navy and supplies to an amount exceeding 
Ninety thousand Dollars. Such articles as could only be had for cash have 
been paid for cash untill the General Agent is actually in advance of cash 
to the amount of Six thousand Dollars, and has cash responsibilities for 
Two thousand Dollars over and above all he has received. The Commis- 
sioners wrote him from Nashville that they had requested the Provisional 
Government to send him a check on the Bank for Five thousand dollars. 
None has been transmitted and there is reason to fear that before this will 
be attended to the credit of the Government of Texas will be utterly pros- 
trate whilst the public money is idle in the Bank. For the payment of 
supplies purchased the Agent has issued promisory notes signed by him 
as Agent for Texas where such would be received, where not — his own indi- 
vidual responsibility. These notes are falling due and not a dollar of 
public money to meet them. No ratification of the loan has been received. 
No authority to the Agent to receive what money there is in the bank has 
been transmitted and it is apprehended [that ere] this shall be attended to 
the credit of the Government will be prostrate and the Agent injured in his 
credit and private business if not involved in ruin. Had the Government 
attended to the all important matter of sustaining the public credit the pro- 
ceeds of the loan would have been now at the disposition of the Agent who 
could by discounting at this moment of unpresedented pressure for money 
the paper now out have raised the credit of the Texas Gov 1 - to such high 
repute as to have made all future purchases on the faith of Texas Govern- 
ment on long credit and have left the balance of the money disposable for 
the payment of the troops. Our only hope now is that the ratification of the 
terms of the loan and a check of the bank for the funds in deposits may 

*J. Wharton, [A.] Houston and others — [The writer's note.] 



322 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

arrive before the operation of protesting commences. You Mr. Byrom are 
too well acquainted with fiscal matters not to know that public credit like 
a woman's reputation once lost is seldom regained, never without time and 
difficulty. I solicit your immediate attention to these subjects as one in- 
volving all our interests and all our hopes in an eminent degree — I take 
the liberty to call your attention to the insecurity and improvidence of 
authorizing numerous receiving and disbursing agents of the public money 
without connection with or accountability to the chief or foreign Agent of 
the Government. Champaigne and laced uniforms will not kill Mexicans 
though they be merged in charges for naval or military stores, and it would 
be absurd to expect that young and inexperienced officers unacquainted wilh 
business would disburse money placed in their hands to fit out an armed 
ship or equip a regiment with that economy and judgement indispensable 
for the success of such a cause as ours which can only be sustained by the 
most prompt and vigorous exertions and the most frugal use of the scanty 
means at our command. 

The commissioners have in my opinion made a most judicious selection 
of Agents in Mr. William Bryan and Mr Edward Hall, Gentlemen of sound 
integrity and sufficient capital not involved in extensive business or specu- 
lations and whose books accounts and vouchers shew them tc be well 
acquainted to the necessity of transacting public business with such scrupu- 
lous exactness as to enable them to submit an exhibit of their doings to 
the most rigid scrutiny. — There appears to be an effort making to procure 
a separation of the agency giving to a new agent the control of the money 
and to the others the present agents the burthen of the work and responsi- 
bility that is the purchase and shipment of supplies correspondence and 
forwarding of volunteers etc. this will be impolitic and unjust in the ex- 
treme, I believe you will so view it and I beg your strenuous opposition to 
such a measure should it be proposed. The neglect of the fiscal concerns of 
Texas has heretofore been ascribed to the unfortunate quarrel of the execu- 
tive with the council but now that the convention has been organized a 
month and nothing done I am forced to the conclusion that the corre- 
spondence of the agents with the Government and the needful information 
on this subject may have been witheld from that body. I feel it my duty to 
apprize you of the alarming excitement which the capture by one of our 
cruisers in the Sisal Roads of a schooner owned by an american merchant 
resident in Campeachy and a house here, wearing the Mexican flag for the 
benefit of difference in import duty has produced in this city. If our armed 
vessels are to be employed to rob the very citizens of this city who furnished 
the money to purchase them, of the property which they think proper to ship 
to Mexico under cover of the Mexican flag for greater profit instead of being 
directed to protect the commerce between the United States and Texas and 
to prevent the transportation of provisions and troops by sea to the army of 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 323 

Santa Anna, the disposition to aid our cause which has been so ardently 
evinced by the citizens of New Orleans will speedily be changed to an ex- 
treme disapprobation. Large quantities of provisions and other supplies are 
shipping from this place by the house of M. de Lizardi & Co agents of Santa 
Anna to Matamoros in American vessels — were our little squadron con- 
fined strictly to public service between Matamoros and Matagorda they 
could not only protect our own commerce but effectually prevent the trans- 
mission of troops and provisions by sea to the seat of war or other parts of 
the coast. Capturing American vessels would no doubt produce great dis- 
satisfaction but taking out of them provisions and munitions destined to the 
enemy and for the enemy's use and paying the freight would I think be 
justified by the necessity of the case and not be censured by any reasonable 
man. You will pardon me for troubling you so long with so long a com- 
munication, I am impelled to it by the conviction that it is the duty of every 
citizen to do spontaneously whatever he may believe to be serviceable in 
any degree to the community of which he is a member. 
March 31 st 1836 Henry Austin 

A- J. Yates to Austin et al. 

(Letter F.) Washington City April 1 st 1836. 

Messrs. S F Austin B T. Archer and W. H. Wharton Commissioners of 

Texas. 
Gentleman 

In compliance with your two several letters of Instruction to me dated at 
New Orleans January 21st and 22d ulto. I proceeded to New York, and re- 
port the following as the result of my operations. 

I found in the City of New York a Steam Boat called the Sandusky which 
had been fitted for sea, and was for sale at $20,000. I employed a person 
to take her out in the Bay that I might have an opportunity of fair exami- 
nation of her engine etc, and on trial discovered serious and insurmountable 
objections to her engine, which was double geared, and not calculated to 
work with safety in rough weather at sea. I then inquired for others, and 
found the Steam Boat "Frank," about one year old of 170 Tons, draws 4% 
feet water, price $25,000, and will require an expenditure of about $3,000. 
to prepare her for sea service. Her boiler is old, she has but little furni- 
ture, and would not bear more than one nine pounder on her deck. I found 
the "American Eagle," about the same size, a little deeper hold, with a new 
engine, two years old, little furniture, a fast boat, rather stronger than the 
"Frank," but would not bear a heavier armament, price $30,000 will require 
about $2,500. to put in order for sea service. I also found the Steam Boat 
"Constellation" for sale and can be purchased for $14,000. she is much 



324 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

larger than either of the others, has large and powerful engine, and a great 
deal of furniture, Her boilers were new last July, and good judges tell me 
that her engine alone is worth more than the price of the boat. The hulk is 
11 years old, but the builder tells me she was built of live oak and cedar at 
his yard in 1825, and he believes the timber to be sound. She draws 51/2 
feet of water, and it would require $10,000 or $12,000 to put her in good 
order for sea service. In getting advice on the subject from persons who 
are fully competent, I have been advised to purchase her, take out the furni- 
ture and engine, and sell the old hulk, which would probably bring $2,000, 
and build a new hulk expressly for sea navigation, and the purposes desired, 
and she can then carry 5 eighteen pounders if necessary, It will take about 
6 weeks to repair her, using the old hulk, and to build a new one would cost 
$18,000 or $20,000, giving a large and complete Steam Ship for 35,000, at 
the utmost, capable of carrying 600 passengers, if necessary. And this can 
be completed in 60 days. The ship builders in New York have had much 
trouble with their workmen recently and it would be better therefore to 
build, or repair at Salem in Conn, or some Eastern port. I would be happy 
to receive the instruction of the Commissioners in relation to the course I 
am to pursue, and give me some discretionary powers on the subject — I 
have employed an experienced Captain to aid me in my examinations, and 
he has prepared a model for a new hulk, which can be used if thought proper 
to build. 

The Brig "Chanticleer" is a very superior coppered and copper fastened 
vessel, for sale in the City of New York, built for the African Slave trade, 
pierced for 14 guns, and can be got ready in 2 weeks, for sea. An expe- 
rienced and excellent man can be engaged to take command of her, and she 
can be purchased, provisioned and got ready for sea for $20,000. 

If the Commissioners should come to conclusion in favor of the nego- 
ciacion for the Milam Furtrading and Land Company, I would propose that 
it be conditional with them, forthwith to advance the funds necessary to pur- 
chase and fit out the "Chanticleer," and pay the expenses of fitting out the 
308 men raised by Col. Macomb, and that I be authorized to send out the 
same with all possible despatch — That they also be required to advance the 
cash on my drafts of $20,000, and advance the additional sum necessary to 
purchase the Steam Boat "Constellation," build a new hulk and fit her out, 
with all possible dispatch, and I be authorized to attend to the execution of 
the same. The contract can be executed by the Commissioners here, and de- 
livered me, to be delivered to the applicants of the Company, on their ac- 
ceptance of the terms, and Mr. Hall can receive a letter from the Commis- 
sioners, stating their terms. 

Allow me to say something in this communication, relative to my compen- 
sation, for my services. In my first letter of instructions, it was left to be 
determined on my arrival in Texas. Since that time it has occurred to me 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 325 

that, it may occasion difficulty, as an express law must necessarily be enacted 
for the purpose, and as it was my original suggestion to pursue this course, 
and I did not anticipate the serious and unavoidable delays that have taken 
place, I would now respectfully request, in order that these difficulties may 
be obviated, that it be fixed by the Commissioners at once — 

A. J. Yates. 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Stewart Sewell 

[April 1, 1836(?). See Calendar.] 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton: Agreement 

We the commissioners of Texas hereby authorize each other to negotiate 
all or a part of the government bonds at 10 per cent Interest. In the present 
exigency of Texas we are satisfied that money must be had immediately if 
we have to pay as high a rate of Interest as our instructions authorize us to 
give which is ten per cent. 

W M - H. Wharton 
B. T. Archer 
Washington City April 5 th 1836 

[Endorsed:] S. F. Austin authority to effect a loan from Wharton 
and Archer 1836. 

William H. Wharton to Austin 

Washington April 6th 1836 
Dear Sir. 

Dr Archer left this morning for Richmond. We were at the party at 
Mr Calhouns last night. Many of the ablest members of both houses were 
present. All was enthusiasm in our cause. I apologized for your absence 
which was regretted. I exhibited the Bank notes to Mr Calhoun and the 
ladies and they were said to be very ingenious and appropriate. I also 
exhibited a map of Texas which afforded much satisfaction. The mail has 
brought us nothing since you left. The papers state that our privateers 
have blockaded all the Mexican ports. You will find a summary of the 
last news in the Telegraph of tomorrow which I will send you. 

Do try to start off a Privateer from New York to capture the paragon 
the vessel lately bought by the Mexicans or any other of their purchases 
that you may hear of. She can be captured before she is two days out. 
The object of this letter is to urge you to exert yourself in the matter. I 
will keep you promptly advised of everything important to be known. 

Wm. H. Wharton [Rubric] 



326 the austin papers 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton to Government of Texas 

[Washington, April 6, 1836. See Calendar. The letter is in Garrison, 
Dip. Cor. Texas, as cited, I, 79.] 



William H. Wharton to Austin 
Dear Sir, 

This mornings mail brought in only one letter from our agent Bryan 
which I copy. It reads as follows: "Advices from Matamoros which can 
be depended upon represent the advancing army as 8000 strong, waging a 
war of extermination. 1000 men blockading San Antonio 1000 more in 
reserve. Grants men who surrendered refused quarter and murdered in cold 
blood. Our army concentrating on the Colorado. No money as yet and 
no advices from the government. More next mail." 

If you ascertain you can do nothing in New York — do return as soon as 
possible. Only one should remain there. The others can do more in 
Moble New Orleans and at home. I send you the Telegraph. Make a 
handle of the murder of Grants men. Write often 

Wm. H. Wharton [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] Gen. S. F. Austin New York 

James F. Perry to Austin 

Lynchs Ferry April 8 th 1836 
Dr Brother 

We are this far on the run. Bad enough but could not be help d the 
hole country West of the Brazos has retreated East of the Brazos and hun- 
dreds I expect have gone East of the Sabine Genl. Houstons Army is at 
Groces said now to be over 2000 strong and encreasing daily, it is re- 
ported that there is from One to two Thousand Mexicans on the East side of 
the Colorada. all our men [on] out post have been taken, Travis and Fannin 
had between 5 and 600 Men every one of which have been kill'd or taken 
(except one) and shot after they had surrendered themselves as prisoners 
of war. all of which I have no doubt you will have an ofitial acct. a 
dark time for texas but I still have hopes, all our posts are now abandoned 
except Galveston: the govt is now fortefying that post and I hope we will 
be able to Keep it if not our situation will be very bad. 

Emily and the children are down at Mr Scotts I have not got our waggon 
across the San Jacinto: but will as soon as the wind abates a little 

I am anxious to send Emily and the children by sea to New Orleans 
there is several vessels at Galveston but they are so crowded; I think it 
will be best to take them on by land, one blessing we are all in tolarble 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 327 

health except Joel. Who has been quite unwell. He had to leave the 
Army in consequence of his health Austin is in the Army 

I have not determined whether I will take our Negroes any further at 
present but will determine in a day or two. god Knows, when or where we 
will meet again, in hast adeu 

James F. Perry [Rubric] 

Draft of Letter to Nicholas Biddle 

Phila April 9/36 
Sir 

The State of Texas have appointed Messrs and myself Commissioners 

for the purpose of procuring the Loan of One Million of Dollars, upon the 
pledge of its resources — at an interest not Exceeding Eight per cent, for a 
Term not less than 5 Years and redeemable thereafter at the pleasure of 
that State at the rate of 1/5 annually — and if not so redeemed, then after 
10 years redeemable wholly after six Months notice — 

The Stock May from the first be Made likewise receivable partially in 
payment of Imports — Say 1/5 on any Invoice — also in payment for Lands, 
Say 1/5 from any purchaser — these provisions will create a demand that 
will tend constantly to augment the current price of these securities — 
The duties are now $100,000 and boldly encrease — and the Land sales 
May reach $1,000,000 soon and annually — 

By the advice of friends I ask your consideration of this Subject and 
wish you would inquire into probability of our succeeding in this country 
in Making such a Loan. I am going to New York where I shall be glad to 
receive an answer from you as early [as] you shall find it practicable to 
reply with any degree of precision 

The Commissioners of Texas propose to negociate a loan for the Gov- 
ernment, for the sum of $500,000 on the following Basis. 

The Commrs hold the Bonds of said Govt, for the sum of $500,000 
payable in 10 years at 8 per cent annual interest, which they propose to 
assign to the Bank of the United States to be held in trust and as security 
for the Stock to be issued for a like amount, payable in the Same Period, 
and at the same rate of interest . 

The stock shall be issued in shares of $100 each payable in 10 years 
from date, with interest payable annually at 8 per cent, at such place, as 
said stock shall be subscribed, said scrip shall be received also in payment 
of one fifth of all monies due by the holders at the land offices of Texas, 
and in payment of one fifth of all imposts due at the custom houses of 
Texas, and at the end of five years the Government shall have the privilege 
of redeeming one fifth of the remainder annually, and at the expiration of 



328 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

10 years of redeeming the remainder (if any there be) on giving 6 months 
notice. 

Books of subscription shall be opened for said stock, and the subscribers 
shall pay 25% at the time of subscription, and notes for the remainder in 
three equal payments at 6, 90 and 120 days, endorsed to the satisfaction of 
the Directors of the U. S. Bank, or persons appointed by them to decide, 
and the Bank shall discount said notes, and pay the first payment, and the 
proceeds of notes to the Commissioners. 

Draft of Letter to Nicholas Biddle 

Philadelphia April 9, 1836 
N Biddle Esqr. 
Sir, 

I send you enclosed a proposition for the negociation of a loan of 
$500,000 to which I ask the favor of your consideration provided the one 
cannot be effected on the basis, of which we conversed in our interview 
this day — 

The kind expressions of feeling and sympathy which you expressed in 
conversation today, in behalf of my Struggling country have induced me to 
submit this proposition to you, for the purpose of ascertaining whether 
in your opinion it is a feasible one, whether any, and what amount of 
money can be raised by it among your friends in Philadelphia, and whether 
the Bank would probably be willing to assume the trust and negociate the 
paper. 

My anxiety to do something for the country so soon as possible has in- 
duced me to leave this proposition with you, before the other is acted on, 
and I would beg the favor of an answer as early as convenient — 

(N.B.) The above letter is substantially the copy of one sent to Mr. 
Biddle on Monday 11th April. 

Austin to Nicholas Biddle 

Philadelphia April 9 th 1836 
Hon. N. Biddle 
Sir, 

As the enclosed memorandum embraces the general outlines of the loan 
for Texas on which I conversed with you this morning, I take the liberty 
of handing it to you. 

I should esteem it as a favor if I could be informed within a Short time, 
Whether you think any thing could be effected in this Matter — 

I consider that the cause of Texas, is the cause of freemen and of man- 
kind, but more emphatically of the people of the United States, than any 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 329 

other. I flatter myself that you view it in the same light, and that the 
security we offer is good, and therefore have no doubt you will give to it 
the attention which its importance merits — 

The leading men of all parties in Washington are favourably disposed 
towards Texas — a reference to them will I think satisfy all persons as to 
this fact — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

[Enclosure] : 

It is proposed to negociate a Loan of $500,000 for the Government of 
Texas on the following basis, 

The Commissioners of Texas, shall assign to the Bank of the United 
States at Philadelphia, The Bonds of the Government of Texas, which they 
have in their possession for the sum of $500,000, payable in not less than 
5 years and bearing an interest of 8% per annum, to be held in Trust by 
said Bank, for the benefit of the holders of a Scrip to be issued by the Com- 
missioners, v based on said Bonds. 

Books of subscription shall be opened in the Cities of Boston, New York, 
Philadelphia and Baltimore for a scrip to be issued by the Commissioners, 
in shares of $100, each, which said scrip shall entitle the holder to an in- 
terest in said Bonds, equal to the amount of the scrip thus held by him and 
said scrip shall be payable as follows: 

of all purchases of lands at the land offices of Texas, 20% of the Sums 
due may be paid, and shall be receivable in said scrip. Of all customs due 
at the Custom Houses of Texas 20% of the sums due may be paid and shall 
be receivable in said scrip. The holder shall be entitled to an interest of 
8% per annum, payable at the Bank of the United States in Philadelphia, 
on all portions of said scrip unpaid, and the Govt, of Texas shall have the 
privilege of paying the whole amount of said scrip and redeeming these 
said Bonds by paying 20% of the principal annually after the expiration 
of 5 years, or the whole payable at 6 months notice, after the expiration of 
10 years. 

The payments of the subscribers to said scrip shall be made, 25% at the 
time of subscription and the remainder in 3 equal payments at 60, 90 and 
120 days thereafter, to be secured at the time of subscription, by the notes 
of the subscribers, endorsed to the satisfaction of the Directors of the Bank 
of the United States, or persons appointed by them and payable at such 
place, as said Directors shall designate, provided the same be in the Cities 
where said Stock is subscribed. 

The Bank of the United States shall discount the notes thus paid in, and 
pay over the whole amount of the proceeds thereof and the amount of the 



330 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

first instalment thus paid in, to the Commissioners of Texas, and hold said 
Bonds as an additional guarantee for the payment of said notes. 

S. F. Austin 

Phi a - April 9. 1836 
Sir, 

I have taken the liberty of submitting to you a proposition for the nego- 
tiation of a loan of $500,000 for the Government of Texas, to which I would 
respectfully ask your consideration, provided no arrangement can be made 
on the basis of which we conversed today. 

The personal interest you were kind enough to express for the welfare 
and success of my struggling country, together with your intimate knowl- 
edge of such operations have induced me to make this communication. 
Your answer as to your opinion of its practicability, the amount that could 
probably be obtained in this City, the manner in which the subject should 
be presented, and the willingness of the Bank to accept the Trust, and nego- 
tiate the paper, with such other suggestions as you may think important, 
would greatly add to the obligation, I feel under to you for kindness and 
attentions already received. 

S. F. Austin 

Austin and Wharton to American Hotel 

Am. Hotel, New York April 11 "/36 
Gen l - Austin and Wharton of Texas 
To Edw d - Milford 

To Washing 5/12. (13") Sherry 12/ Sauterne 24/24/ $9.63 

To Cigars 4/. (14") Bar 5/. (16") Sherry 12/ Madeira VI / ...... 4.13 

" do 4/ Brandy 12/. (18") Bar 2/. Cash $25 27.25 

" Bar 5/ (20") Bar 8/. Washing 2/. (21") Bar 2/ Cig* 2/.... 2.38 
" Whiskey 8/. Sherry 12/. (22") Coach 24/. Sherry Yl/Yl/ .... 8.50 
" do 8/. C. Water 8/. 1/6 (24") C. Water 2/6 Bar 1/ 

Medicine. 4/. . 2.38 

" 25 " C Water 4/6 Washing 2/6 ("Sherry 12/ C. Water 3/ 

Bar 2/3 3.00 

" 27 " Bar 6/ (28"0 Bar 20/ Wishkey 8/ Washing 3/6 Champ 16/ 6.69 
" 29 " do 12/ C. Water 1/6 3/.— do 8/ (30") C Water 4/6 

Bar 9/. 4.75 

May 1 " C Water 9/. Bar 20/ (2") Washing 2/ (3") Postage 6/.... 4.63 
" 4 " Bar 6/ Washing 8/. Postage 1/ (5") Bar 5/ (6") Bar 9/.... 3.69 

"6 " C Water 4/6 (7") Bar 14/. Postage 1/ Sherry 24/ 5.44 

" 8 " Bar 20/. Postage 1/ (9") Bar 12/ C Water 4/6 Wash- 
ing 2/6 5.06 

" 11 " do 8/. C. Water 1/6 1.19 

88.50 



pri 


1 12 


«< 


13 


M 


14 


i< 


19 


it 


21 


it 


23 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 331 

13 " 32 Daye Board for Gen*- Austin to date 96.00 

13 " 31 " " " " Wharton " 93.00 

" 4 " Parlour at P. P. House 12.00 

" reserving Room 3 Days —- 6.00 

" 3 Weeks Fires in No. 47 9.00 



216.00 



$304.66 



Rec d Payment 

E Milford p r James Meard 
[Addressed:] Gen 1 - Austin N°- 47 Am Hotel 

Robert T. Conrad to Austin 

Philada. April 12, 1836. 
Sir, 

Having a brother engaged in the cause of Texas, I myself feel a deep 
interest in its progress and an anxious desire to promote, by any means in 
my power, its success. For that purpose, I am desirous of lending my feeble 
aid to excite, in its favour, the sympathies of our public, and secure it, as 
well the advantage of a recognition by Congress, as more direct and ef- 
fectual aid, by collections etc. This has caused, and I hope will excuse, this 
intrusion upon you, I would have called upon and consulted you during 
your stay in the City, but was myself absent. I have succeeded in enlisting 
the press of this city in favour of popular movements and have issued a 
call for a meeting preparatory to a general town meeting. I should like to 
have your views in relation to the proper course to be adopted and the 
measures most likely to prove serviceable to the cause — if any such are 
within the scope of [y]our power. Should you return to Phil I will be 
happy to wait on you — if not, I would be gratified to learn if any, and 
what, course, will be calculated to promote the cause of Texas — 

Robert T. Conrad 

The brother referred to is Edward Conrad — a member of the Texian 
Convention and one of the Committee to draw up the Declaration. 

Col. S. F. Austin. 

R. M. Johnson to Austin 

House of Rep. 14 April 1836 
Dear Genl, 

Yours has been red — If I find I can use the enclosure to your advantage 
I shall do it. I have no idea where or how you [can] get money for your 



332 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

country — I wish I did my heart bleeds for the late calamity brought upon 
your suffering and patriotic Country 

It is my opinion that it would be useless at this time to get our Govern- 
ment to go into the contest as a nation 

When you return you can find out how far it would be prudent to ask 

Rh M Johnson 

[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin New York, City New York 

Austin to Andrew Jackson 

To Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, Richard M. Johnson, John 
Forsyth, Lewis Cass, T. H. Benton, and to any member of the 
Cabinet or Congress of all parties and all factions of the 
United States. 

New York April 15 th - 1836. 
Pardon me this intrusion upon your valued time. I address you as Indi- 
viduals, as men, as Americans, as my countrymen. I obey an honest though 
an excited impulse. 

We have recent dates from Mexico by the Packet. It Appears that 
Santana has succeeded in uniting the whole of the Mexicans against Texas 
by making it a national war against heretics: that an additional army of 
8000 men is organizing in Mexico under Gen. Cortazar to march to Texas 
and exterminate the heretic Americans. Santana is now in Texas, as we 
all know, with about 7000 men fighting under the bloody flag of a Pirate — 
he is exciting the Comanches and other Indians, who know nothing of laws 
or political divisions of territory, and massacres have been committed on 
Red River within the U.S. This is a war of barbarism against civilization, 
of despotism against liberty, of Mexicans against Americans. Oh my coun- 
trymen! the warm hearted chivalrous impulsive West and South are up 
and moving in favor of Texas. The calculating and more prudent tho' not 
less noble minded North are aroused. The Sympathies of the whole Amer- 
ican people in mass are with the Texians. This people look to you the 
guardians of their rights and interests and principles. Will you, can you 
turn a deaf ear to the appeals of your fellow citizens in favor of your and 
their countrymen and friends who are massacred, butchered, outraged in 
Texas at your very doors? Are not we, the Texians obeying the dictates 
of an education received here: from you the American people, from our 
fathers, from the patriots of 76 — the Republicans of 1836? Have we not 
been stimulated to obey the dictates of this noble education by the expres- 
sion of opinions all over the United States and by all parties that we ought 
to resist and throw off the yoke of Mexican usurpation, and are we now 
to be abandoned or suffered to struggle alone and single handed, because 
the cold calculations of policy or of party have had to be consulted? 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 333 

Well, you reply — what can we do? In answer I say, let the President 
and Cabinet and Congress come out openly and at once and proclaim to 
the public their opinions — let Texas have some of the $37,000,000 now in 
the national treasury — let the war in Texas become a National war, above 
board, and thus respond to the noble feelings of the American people — 
Who can deny that it is a national war in reality — a war in which every 
free American who is not a fanatic, abolitionist, or cold hearted recreant 
to the interest and honor and principles of his country and countrymen, 
who is not an icicle in soul and in practice, is deeply, warmly ardently in- 
terested. In short, it is now a national war subrosa This will not do; 
This state of the matter cannot, ought not to continue — make it at once 
and above board, what it is in fact, a national war in defence of national 
rights interests and principles and of Americans. Let the Administration 
and congress take this position at once, and the butcheries in Texas will 
cease, humanity will no longer be outraged by a war of extermination 
against liberty and against Americans — peace will be restored and main- 
tained on the South West frontiers of this nation, and the Government of 
the U.S. will then occupy that open and elevated place which is due to the 
American people and worthy of Andrew Jackson — for it will occupy above 
board the position which this nation as a people now occupy in the heart 
and in feeling and in wishes; a position which they are now defending in 
obedience to the noblest impulses of the heart, by acts and with their blood, 
as warm hearts noble spirits always do. 

Respectfully your native countryman and obedt Sert. 

S. F Austin of Texas 

Henry F. Evans to Austin 

[Snow Hill, Md., April 17, 1836. See Calendar.] 

W. P. Smith et al. to Austin 

Philadelphia, April 20 th 1836 
Genl. Stephen F. Austin 
Sir. 

Agreeable to a resolution passd on the Evening of the 19th inst at a 
Meeting of the Texas Committee a committee of Five persons were ap- 
pointed to address a Letter requesting your attendance at a general Town 
Meeting to be held in this City at as early a period as the arrangements 
can be made 

In pursuance of the above resolution we respectfully request your at- 
tention to it and shall feel happy to be informed what day may best suit 



334 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

your convenience to be in this City, and if the Honor of your attendance 
at such Meeting may be expected also that of the Gentlemen who accom- 
pany you from Texas. 

W. P. Smith 

Britton Evans 

S. McGarzey \* Committee. 

H. D. Tarr 

Stewart Newell 

Proceedings of a Pro— Texas Meeting 

[Lexington, Ky., April 2, 1836. Committe of Seven submitted resolu- 
tions of sympathy for Texans. Colonel [Ira R.?] Lewis addressed meet- 
ing for more than two hours, giving history of development of the revolu- 
tion. The meeting then adopted an address to the United States Govern- 
ment, urging the recognition of Texan independence. "Subscriptions to a 
considerable amount were collected at the time, and committees appointed 
to receive the donations for the Emigrants who moved to the relief of the 
sufferers in Texas."] 

Proposals for a Loan 

Propositions made by sundry Individuals of New York to the Commis- 
sioners appointed by the Provisional Government of Texas to contract a 
Loan in the United States. — 

The parties subscribing propose to Loan to the Provisional Government 
aforesaid, five Hundred thousand Dollars, more or less, on the following 
conditions. 

1 st - The Bonds of said provisional government and a certified copy of 
the authority under which the said Commissioners act, shall be deposited 
in the hands of such Trustees, as may be agreed upon, as a security for the 
payment of the amount to be Loaned, agreeably to the Subsequent Stipu- 
lations. — 

2 d - The Loan to be made for five Years from date upon an Interest of 
Six per cent per annum payable semi annually in the city of New York. — 

3 d - Certificates of Stock, to be issued to subscribers to the Loan, in 
Shares of Eighty, one Hundred and Sixty; and three Hundred and Twenty 
Dollars. — 

4 th - The commissioners to pledge themselves to exert their influence 
with the said provisional Government to obtain for the individuals loaning 
the money, the option to take Lands of the Public Domain of Texas in 
payment of said Loan at fifty Cents pr acre at their option, at any time, 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 335 

within Five years from the date named in the 2 d - article. The said Com- 
missioners, firmly believing that the option, will be at once granted, by the 
said provisional Government. — 

5 th - Ten per cent only of the amount subscribed to be paid prior to the 
decision of said Government with respect to the conditions Stipulated in 
the preceding Section. — And if the Government of Texas refuses to permit 
the subscribers to take the Lands at fifty Cents per acre as therein stipu- 
lated, then the 90 p % is not to be call d - for. — 

New York April 2 th 1836. 

[Addressed:] S. F. Austin Esqr. New York 

Mary Austin Holley to Austin 

Lexington, April 21, 1836 
Dear Cousin, 

We had an overflowing Meeting last night, adjourned from the Morning, 
when they merely organized, the Whig Convention being in session. I made 
up a party of ladies and we all went, and never was I so complimented — 
never so proud. And who do you think was the orator? The new Com- 
missioner from Texas Col: Lewis. It so happened — a lucky coincidence 
for once — that he arrived from Louisville — (where he told us they had a 
very enthusiastic Meeting) — in the afternoon. Mr. Higgins, the old gentle- 
man they went to see, was in the chair. Mr. Bryant mentioned the arrival of 
Col. Lewis and moved that a Committee be appointed to call on him — 
invite him to attend the meeting. He came accordingly his presence gave 
great spirit to the occasion. He addressed the audience and gave a clear 
exposition of Texas affairs. Perfect silence and attention prevailed. He 
occupied all the time. Several gentlemen were prepared to speak. Among 
them Mr Wiggington of Louisville, brother to him who started two days 
since with his company of volunteers. Mr Bradford, Mr Ferguson, and 
Gen: McCauley meant also to address the house. Some excellent resolu- 
tions and a memorial to Congress, prepared by Mr. Martin, passed unani- 
mously and with great applause. Never was anything done with more 
unanimity — more harmony. An Irish Catholic attempted to make some 
objections on the ground of Committing the Govt etc; and was instantly 
hissed and hooted down — with take him out — take him out etc. Col: Lewis 
was presented to me at the close and I attempted to thank him for his fine 
Compliments. I expected him here this Morning, but learn he is occupied 
with visitors. Gen: McCauley just called, says they will have another 
meeting to night to obtain subscriptions, a chance for their cut and dried 
speeches. You see we are doing well. There is great spirit now. You 
began it, — by a little here and there we have kept it up, and Col: Lewis 



336 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

has fixed the matter. I find you get news from Texas within two days as 
soon as we do. I hope anxiously for something encouraging. 

I had liked to have made a speech myself last night. What a theme it 
is for eloquence. Col: Lewis appealed to my testimony as to the character 
of the Texians, in reply to some slanders — and with effect if these people 
have any pride. I almost rose from my seat to say that it was my proud 
distinction to be able to testify to the truth etc. 

The Mail closes — Love to all friend [s] Let them Have your portrait 
to be lithographed. 

M A H [Mary Austin Holley] 

[Addressed:] Gen. S. F Austin New York 

Henry Goold Shannon to General Fernandez 

Mattamoris April 22: 1836 
To General Fernandez Commander in Chief at Mattamoris 

Having Arrived in this place from New Orleans on the 20th Inst: Came 
down the ohio river from Louisville Kentucky/on the 25th of March Wrote 
2 letters to Senior Gorostiza the Mexican Embassy at Washington/for- 
warded one at Smith land mouth of Cumberland river one/at Padducca 
(Mouth of the Tennessee river, one at Orleans advising) the Embassy of 
the resources and Military Movement of the Anglo American/Belliggrants 
(against Texas) — Having, regularly, advised, the Mexican, charges De 
Affairs at Washington sense the Month of September, last in a Series of 
Letters (Written by me) Monthly advising Said, Embassy, and Giving My 
oppinnion of the Most efficient, Plan of opperations (against those Anglo 
American Bands of Robbers) Having Sailed from New Orleans on the 
9th ultimo for this Place/I made it My Bussiness to Collect all the Infor- 
mation, I Could Procure on the ohio and Missippi, river, and Have the 
Satisfaction, to Inform Your, Excellency) the Anglo Americans are Com- 
pletly out Generald and routed, driven, Horse de Combat a Cross the 
Sabine, river, by the Mexican, Sensinattus [Cincinatus] General Sant-Anna 
and his Spartan Generals) the Mexican Eagle has Completely Van- 
quished, the Anglo American Scare Crows 

I Beg leave to Introduce Myself to your Excellency — and shall address 
you more Minnutly in a day or twoe 

Henry Goold Shannon 

I had written My Communications to the Mexican Embassy with the 
Signature Signed H : G: S: 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 337 

M. R. WlGGINGTON TO COLONEL LEWIS 

Louisville Apl 22 nd 1836 

Dr Sir, 

It was with great regret that I found myself compelled to leave Lexing- 
ton on yesterday-morning, without seeing You, it being late when I awoke, 
the railroad car about to start, and my business at home urgently pressing, 
all which will I hope amount to a sufficient apology. 

I got here in the stage this morning after riding the whole night and as 
you May well suppose am in no very felicitous condition for writing. Yet 
fearing that unless I do so now you will have no opportunity of receiving 
a letter from me, before you leave Kentucky, I hasten to give you such in- 
formation as I possess with regard to Texas and her affairs. The rumor 
that Col Fannin has fought his way to Gen Houstons army, seems to gain 
credence, the statement that Houston Quitman and Young Crockett have 
taken on a large force is not doubted, and that volunteers are pouring into 
the relief of the Country from every quarter of the western and southern — 
States is uncontradicted. My Brother who we were informed only started 
with thirty Men, I learn had certainly forty, and probably upwards of 
fifty, for it was found after he got on the Boat which carried him, that there 
were many going who had given no previous information of their inten- 
tions to do so, desiring for reasons only known to themselves, to keep their 
intentions secret, until that moment, and the boat getting off before he 
could make a Count, no one learned the exact number he carried with him, 
and even after he had gone, some came in from the Country to go. 

24th you will perceive that I was unable to finish this letter on the day 
I commenced it, which was owing to professional engagements. 

I am pleased to tell you, that on the day before yesterday Mr Stanberry 
arrived here with upward of forty volunteers from Cincinnati, and has 
been joined by enough here, who were unable to get off with my Brother, 
to Make out about fifty, as he informs me. I also learned from him that 
two other companies from Wheeling and Pittsburgh would shortly be on, 
and that a Mr Ludlow of Cincinnati was preparing to raise a Regiment, 
which he Mr Stanberry Seemed to think would be an easy task. So we see 
that the work goes bravely on, — Col Harrison has heard nothing from Gen. 
Chambers as yet, but I hope soon will hear, he informs me he can easily 
obtain the necessary quota of Men, if he can only get Money to buy horses 
etc, write to the Gen to come on immediately, for I assure you that Harri- 
son project is worth his most vigilent attention, if the Battalion is raised 
I venture to predict, that it will be one of the most efficient and useful in 
the service. 

I very much wish you could enlist my friend Gist in the cause. I mean 
not as a private, but as an officer of Rank, for in him you would take to 



338 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

your country, an intelligent and amiable Gentleman, a brave man, and 
useful Citizen, and were he to join you, he has the means and I am very 
confident would use them with a liberal hand, to fit out a respectable force, 
both as it regards numbers and usefulness Let me hear from you, imme- 
diately, and as often as you may have leisure to write. 

If you find that a Company or two can be raised in the neighborhood of 
Lexington, I would advise you, if I might advise at all, to connect them 
with Harrisons command. So as to make out one effective battallion ready 
for the field as soon as possible which you can no doubt accomplish by 
urging upon those who may take the lead in getting them up, the propriety 
of going as soon, and in as great force as possible, 

Mortimer R. Wiggington 

Col. Lewis 

P. S. Please bear in mind that my brother Alfred M. Wiggington 
will be in Texas when you return and that you cannot do me greater serv- 
ice, that [than] by obtaining him some situation in which he can be useful 
the one you mentioned will be most suitable. M. R. W. 

Col — Lewis Lexington Ky 

If Col L. has left Mr Ficklin is desired to forward this to him. 

M. R. W. 

Austin to A. J. Yates 

(Copy) New York April 23, 1836 

Mr. A. J. Yates 

Sir, 

Your letter dated at Washington City, April 1st 1836 containing a report 
of your proceedings under our letters of Instruction of the 21st and 22nd 
January last, has been received. 

Your several previous letters to us transmitting important information 
relative to the interests of our country, together with the efforts you have 
made in her cause, not only meet our warmest approbation, but also entitle 
you to the gratitude of the people of Texas. 

We much regret to be under the necessity of discharging from further 
consideration, the purchase of a Steam Boat for the Government of Texas, 
in consequence of its slender finances, and of the immediate and more im- 
portant demands for money to be applied to sustaining the army already 
in the field. 

The proposition to negotiate a loan in the City of New York which you 
have presented to us at the City of Washington, cannot be acted on by us, 
as it requires power with which we are not vested, and we must there fore 
decline it. 



: THE AUSTIN PAPERS 339 

We wish you to send us a statement of the disbursements in the mission 
in which you have been engaged, from the time of your leaving the City of 
New Orleans, including your prospective expenses in returning to that City, 
with the vouchers of the account for our examination, and we will en- 
deavour to provide the means for your reimbursement, before we leave the 
City. 

We still desire to leave the amount of your compensation for services, 
to be determined by the Government on your return, at the same time giving 
both you and it, our assurances of unqualified approbation, at the manner 
in which you have discharged the duties of the situation in which you have 
been placed by us, and our earnest recommendation to the Government to 
repay you in a liberal manner, for your exertions in behalf of the Country. 

We are much gratified to learn of your active efforts to raise a joint stock 
Steam Boat Company, and fit out a Steam Boat from this City for Texas, 
on the individual enterprise of your friends. 

Permit us to express to you our great satisfaction for your zeal in those 
efforts, and our earnest desire that you may succeed in accomplishing the 
object, as we are fully convinced of the great advantages of such a com- 
munication to the Government and people of Texas, and we most ardently 
wish for your success in the undertaking. 



S F Austin 

Wm. H. Wharton 

B T Archer 



n Commissioners of Texas 



A. J. Yates to Austin, et al. 

(Copy) 

The State of Texas, Special Mission of Messrs. Austin, Archer, and 
Wharton to the U S. of America 1835, 1836 in A/C with A J. Yates, special 
agent of said Mission, appointed by the commissioners at New Orleans 
January 21 and 22, 1836. 

1836 Voucher 

February 18 To travelling expences from New Orleans to New York. No. 1 .... $196.03 

March 18 " To expences of Board at New York, to this date " 2...... 70.05 

April 11 " " Ditto " travelling from New York to Wash- 
ington City and return to New York March 18 

to April 11 " 3..._. 31.68 

March 11 " Ditto of proving Steam Boat Sundres at New York 

with 9 collateral vouchers " 4___. 148.75 

March 20 " Bill at United States Hotel Phila. going to W 

City " 5 .... 8.43 



340 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

April 4 " Do " National Hotel at Washington City 

5 " Do " Baltimore on return to New York 

10 " Do " Philadelphia 

23 " Do " New York to this date 

" " Do of Capt n - A Marsh for Steam Boat information 

Do prospective expences of return to New Orleans 



" 6... 


_ 27.62 


" 7.... 


_ 3.00 


" 8... 


.. 7.75 


" 9— 


„ 30.00 


" 10... 


.. 75.00 




100.00 



$701.37 



To Balance brought to D r - Side 457.337 

New York, April 23, 1836 
E. E. [Errors Excepted] 

A. J. Yates 
Examined and approved 

Signed S. F. Austin April 25, 1836 

p r. y/m. Wharton 

B T. Archer Cr. 



1836 

Janry. 22 By Cash paid at New Orleans $200.00 

April 5 " Ditto " " Washington City .. 50.00 

Balance 451.37 



Austin to William Bryan 1 

New York April 24 th 1836. 
Mr William Bryan 
Dr Sir, 

Yours of the 10 th Instant is this moment received: desolation it seems is 
sweeping over Texas — My heart and soul are sick but my spirit is un- 
broken — I foresaw the evils of War and have (as is well known) tried to 
keep them out of Texas — but it was impossible — Santa Anna has raised 
the bloody flag of a Pirate — the fate of Pirates will sooner or later be his 
fate, but enough of this, the object of this is, to thank you, you and you 
alone have written to us, from the Govt, of Texas we have not rec'd one 
word, not even one. 

I thank you for your last letter, although it comes to us as the messenger 
of desolation and death, Justice will yet be done to you — Texas will rise 
again and your services will then be remembered. 



^rom Diplomatic Correspondence, Texas State Library. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 341 

We shall get some money here I think — I shall go immediately to the 
Western country 

S. F. Austin 
A true copy from the Original 
Attest. A. C. Ainsworth. 

William Bryan to Andrew Mitchell 

Received New Orleans April 27 th 1836 
from Andrew Mitchell one Small Brass Cannon in Store to be delivered 
to Col J W E Wallace or his order if called for — or delivered on Present- 
ment of this Receipt 

W M Bryan 

p r S G D Swan 

Austin to [David G. Burnet?] 

New York April 3. 1836— 
Sir, 

The commissioners appointed by the Provisional Gov t of Texas in No- 
vember and December last have discharged the duties assigned to them as 
fully as their powers and the peculiar circumstances in which they have 
been placed would permit 

It is with regret we are compelled to say that the state of things at home, 
has embarrassed the labors of the Gov 1 - agents in this country — 

The undersigned, have not receaved one word from the Gov 1 since the 
meeting of the convention in March, and the public have been informed 
through the newspapers that we have been superceded that we have no 
powers as agents etc. You will at once perceive the bad effect which such 
things have on the public mind, for, taken in common with many exag- 
grated accounts of internal dessentions etc., they have had a tendency to 
weaken public confidence and to paralise our efforts — 

In our communications from New Orleans and Nashville and Louisville 
and Washington City, we informed the Gov*- of our proceedings, and that 
it was all important for some one to be furnished officially with the declara- 
tion of independence and with full instructions — For the want of these 
documents we could do no more in Washington than to prepare opinions 
to sustain the declaration of independence made by Texas — We feel every 
confidence that [as] soon as a diplomatic agent, properly authorized ap- 
pears at W. [Washington] all will be done, that the nature of the subject 
will permit. 

A loan is in progress in this city, but we are convinced no loan will suc- 
ceed to a large amount, except on the basis of a positive sale of land at a 



342 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

price not exceeding half a dollar an acre — but only 10 per cent is to be 
advanced, the balance is not to be paid untill the gov* approves of the 
transaction, and give to the lenders the option of taking land at twenty 
five cents p r - acre — Nothing can be done on this subject without full 
powers to sell land at the best price that can be obtained for the prices of 
land will vary according to the news from Texas and the state of the money 
markets here 

We refer you to the proceedings of the meeting in this city, on the 26 th 
and to the pamphlet published here on the subject, for information as to 
public feeling in favor of Texas — it is warmly enlisted and is becoming 
more so every day — 

We shall attend a public meeting in Phil a - on the 2 d next month, and 
then proceed homeward, for, altho we are positively order d by the instruc- 
tions of Gov. Smith not to do so untill directed by that Gov* we are com- 
pelled to believe that an order for our recall has been issued and detained 
by miscarriage. 

Subscriptions to a Loan 

State of New York and City of New York. 

Know all men by these presents that Stephen F. Austin and William H. 
Wharton citizens of Texas, are herein acting as agents by virtue of a Com- 
mission from the Government of Texas, a certified copy of which herewith 
accompanies, of the first part, and Samuel Swartwout, Eli Hart, Silas M. 
Stilwell James L Curtis, Thomas E. Davis, J L and S. Josephs, Wm Jessup 
Jr. George and Edward Curtis, Morgan L. Smith, William H. Jessup by 
C. Jessup J r> Charles S 1 - John of the second part have contracted and agreed 
and by these presents contract and agree and bind ourselves the one party 
unto the other parts as follows. 

Article 1 st The said parties of the second part hereby severally but not 
jointly contract and agree to make a Loan to the Government of Texas of — 

in the following portions to Wit 

By the said S. Swartwout $.20000 

do do Eli Hart " 5000. 

do do Silas M Stillwell " 5000. 

do do ames L. Curtis " 5000. 

do do Thomas E. Davis " 5000. 

do do J L and S Joseph „1 " 5000. 

do do Eben Jessup Jr " 5000. 

do do Geo and Edward Curtis " 10000. 

do do Morgan L Smith " 5000 

do do William H. Jessup " 2500, 

do do Charles St John " 2000, 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 343 

On which sum of _ an immediate 

advance of Ten per cent is to be paid to the parties of the first part. 

Article 2 d The loan is to be made for Five years from the date of this 
contract and to bear an Interest of Six per cent p annum payable in the 

City of New York. 

Article 3 d The parties of the Second part are to have the option of 
taking land in payment of said loan at Twenty five cents per acre, provided 
the government of Texas, approve and ratify this provision, of this Con- 
tract. — 

Article 4 th Whenever it is made Known that the Government of Texas, 
in the manner following to wit Ten per cent on the receipt of Said ratifica- 
tion by the Government and Ten p Cent monthly thereafter, until the whole 
of the ninety per cent is paid. 

Article 5 th Certificates of Stock are to be issued by the party of the first 
part, or by some other authorized Agent or agents of Texas, to the parties 
of the second part in such sums as may be determined on by the parties of 
the Government of Texas, is made known in this City, the remaining ninety 
per Cent being first paid, or satisfactorily secured. — 

Article 6 th Should the Government of Texas, decline ratifying this con- 
tract, then the Ten per Cent at first advancd is to be refunded to the parties 
of the second part by the Government aforesaid with Interest at the end of 
Five Years, at the rate of Six p cent per annum, payable annually in the 
City of New York. — 

Article 7 th If after the ratification of this Contract by the Government 
the parties of the Second part should decline the option of taking land at 
Twenty five Cents per acre then, and in that case they are to be paid in 
money by the Government of Texas, at the end of Five Years from the date 
of this contract with interest at the rate of Six per Cent per Annum to be 
paid annually in the City of New York, but in case the parties of the second 
part require to be reimbursed in money, they must give notice of that fact 
to the Government of Texas, one year before the expiration of the Five 
years, to which this Loan is limited. — 

Article 8 th The expence of issuing the Certificates of Stock and of 
Surveying, locating, Deeding the Lands etc. shall be borne by the parties 
of the second part. — 

Article 9 th The Bonds of said Government of Texas to the amount 
loaned and a certified copy of the authority under which said Commis- 
sioners act shall be deposited in the hands of such Trustees as the parties 
of the Second part may designate as a Security for the amount loaned. — 

And for the faithful fulfilment of this Contract the said parties of the 
first part hereby pledge the public faith and lands of Texas, as they are 
empowered to do, and the parties of the Second part hereby obligate them- 
selves their heirs and assigns. — 



344 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

In testimony hereof the parties of both parts have set their hands and 
seals this of in the year of our Lord 183 

John Leadbetter to Austin, et al. 

To Genl Austin, Col Wharton and Dr Archer 

Gentlemen 

Feeling interested for the Cause of Texas, and being So Situated in life 
that I cannot aid them personally I would beg Your acceptance of the 
Within as a Small testimony of My good wishes for their Success, over the 
blood thirsty Tyrant of the Mexican butchers 

John Leadbetter Jr [Rubric] 

Philad a - May 2nd 1836 

City Hotel to Austin 

Gen l S F Austin 

To City Hotel D r 

May 2 d - To dinner Supper and lodging 1.50 

" Breakfast and lodging 1.00 

" Bottle Champagne . '. 2.50 



2 papers .12% 



Rec d payment R W Dunlap p r James McClintock 
[Endorsed:] Bills Paid Expenses in New York in May 1836 

Austin to Senator L. F. Linn 1 

New York, May 4, 1836. 
Hon. L. F. Linn: 
Dear Sir: 

Yours of 1st. instant I received to-day on my return from Philadelphia, 
(where I went, at the solicitation of a committee from there,) in conjunc- 
tion with my colleagues, Archer and Wharton, to attend a Texas meeting 
on the 2d. 

I presume you have seen in the Philadelphia papers the result of the 
meeting — (see the Pennsylvania Inquirer, U. S. Gazette, Ledger, etc.) It 
was very enthusiastic and ardent in the cause of Texas, and was held in a 

x From the St. Louis Commercial Bulletin, June 3, 1836, in Collections of the Wis- 
consin Historical Society. The Bulletin gives credit to the Baltimore Republican for 
the letter. Linn was United States Senator from Missouri. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 345 

wing of that Temple of Liberty where, in '76, those principles were pro- 
claimed which have ever since been a beacon-light to the benighted and 
enslaved of all nations. The spirit of '76 was there. That spirit, and hearts 
of the vast multitude, told them what to do. No cold or selfish influence of 
policy or of party cast its chilling breath over that meeting. 

You ask me what can be done in favor of Texas? Ask your heart, my 
friend and fellow-citizen, (for such you are in feeling, although an invisi- 
ble line separates our domicils — ask the noble spirit of your and my 
fathers — ask every freeman, every philanthropist on earth — ask every man 
who is not a politician, and who acts from the warm and honest impulses 
of a patriotic heart, and you will receive a satisfactory answer. 

A war of extermination is raging in Texas — a war of barbarism and of 
despotic principles, waged by the mongrel Spanish-Indian and Negro race, 
against civilization and the Anglo-American race. 

For fifteen years I have been laboring like a slave to Americanize 
Texas — to form a nucleus around which my native countrymen could col- 
lect and grow into a solid body that would forever be a barrier of safety 
to the southwestern frontier, and especially to the outlet of the western 
world — the mouth of the Mississippi — and which would be a beacon-light 
to the Mexicans in their search after liberty. 

But the Anglo-American foundation, this nucleus of republicanism, is to 
be broken up, and its place supplied by a population of Indians, Mexicans, 
and renegadoes, all mixed together, and all the natural enemies of white 
men and civilization. 

What I have been the means of effecting towards the Americanism of 
Texas, is of more real service to the protection of Louisiana, Arkansas, and 
Missouri, than the expenditure of thirty millions of dollars on the fortifi- 
cations of that frontier; yes, more than a standing army of 10,000 men 
there would be; and yet it is to be broken up, because the people of Texas 
have too much of the spirit of their fathers to lay down beneath the feet of 
military despotism, and debase and damn their blood and their education; 
it is to be broken up, because it will not do for the United States govern- 
ment to interfere with a usurper, a base, unprincipled, bloody monster, 
who sets the laws of civilization and of humanity at defiance, who deso- 
lates Texas under the bloody flag of a pirate, and whose avowed intention 
is to excite the Indians and negroes, and crimson the waters of the Missis- 
sippi, and make it the eastern boundary of Mexico, (for such an intention 
has been avowed.) No. This monster cannot be interfered with, because 
a treaty was made with the federal republic of Mexico, which republic no 
longer exists. 

Oh! spirit of our fathers, where are you? Just and omnipotent God, 
where is thy influence? Where is the fatherly care and protection of a wise 



346 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

and watchful government that applies cheap and prompt preventives before- 
hand, in preference to the expenditure of millions for remedies, after an 
evil has occurred? 

But you ask, What preventive can be applied? The answer is plain — Let 
an army of the United States march into Texas, and say to the pirate Santa 
Anna, "Stop:" a great and philanthropic and free people will not stand 
tamely by and see justice, constitutional right, and humanity, wantonly 
violated at her door — nor can a paternal government tolerate a state of 
things on its most vulnerable and important frontier, that will, and must 
bring the bloody tide of savage war and the horrors of negro insurrection 
within its limits. 

It is madness and folly — it is deceiving yourselves and your constituents 
to believe that the Texas war is not a war of extermination against Anglo- 
Americans and their principles and interests. The republican party in 
Mexico are now subdued and crushed: they, by their own acts and mis- 
placed confidence in Santa Anna, have put the sword into his hands to cut 
their own throats. He has acquired all his power by deceiving the federal 
republican party of Mexico, and by making blind instruments of them. He 
is now continuing the same policy, for he has united all the influence and 
resources of that party against Texas. He and the monarchial party now in 
power, who have overturned the federal constitution of 1824, know very well 
that to expect any thing like tranquility, or even comparative security in the 
enjoyment of their usurpations, they must keep out Anglo-American repub- 
licanism, and stop the moral invasion that was spreading over the eastern 
and internal states (now military provinces) of Mexico. How is this to be 
done? By exterminating the American population in Texas, and filling that 
country with Indians and negroes, who (as he thinks) will form an impene- 
trable barrier from the Sabine river to the Rio del Norte, and thus restore 
the old Spanish policy, which was "to prevent even a bird from crossing 
the Sabine river if possible." 

And the United States Government are to stand by with its hands folded, 
over scruples about interposing in the holy cause of humanity, philanthropy, 
of liberty, and of protection to its own exposed frontier ! Oh ! I cannot — do 
not — will not believe it. Of one thing / am certain, the people, the freemen 
of this nation, will not permit, nor will they tolerate the barbarities and 
usurpations of a Mexican tyrant. No — they will obey the dictates of their 
hearts, and fly to the rescue of their countrymen and of free principles. 
They will, of their own accord, save the bulwark of the whole Southwestern 
frontier, and Arkansas from the greatest peril that has ever threatened any 
portion of the United States territory since it became a nation. I do not 
mean the peril of Mexican invasion — it would be an insult to the people of 
the United States to call that a peril — I mean the peril of an Indian and 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 347 

servile war — the murder of women and children, and the loss to civiliza- 
tion (at least for some time) of Texas. 

I have seen the communication you speak of in the ****. That news- 
paper seems to lean towards scruples, or party interests, or perhaps to Mex- 
ican influence. I do not read or look at any papers of that character. I am, 
however, willing to believe that they do not properly understand the ORI- 
GIN, PRINCIPLES and OBJECTS of the Texas war, and are acting under 
Mistaken views, and not from want of principle, or even the common im- 
pulses of justice and humanity. 

I must, however, say that it looks very badly for men to condemn a whole 
people who are struggling for self-preservation, before they understand the 
subject, and analyze it sufficiently to judge of its Moral as well as Political 
merits. <. 

Let such men take up the history of Mexican misrule in Texas, and all 
over Mexico; let them inquire into the present state of things in that im- 
portant nation; let them ascertain whether the present consolidated despot- 
ism which exists there, has or has not been established by revolutionary 
means, by force, fraud, and violence; whether the federal social compact of 
Mexico, to which the People of Texas bound their allegiance, is not illegally 
dissolved; whether the People of Texas did or did not oppose this illegal 
dissolution of their Government, as they were bound by their oaths to do, 
and whether they did not grimly adhere to THEIR duty and obligations as 
Mexican citizens, under the Constitution, so long as it existed. Let them 
read an exposition of the Texas war, made by me at Louisville, Kentucky, 
on 7th March last, that made in this city by W. H. Wharton, Esq. on the 
26th ult. and other documents on this subject. In short, let them under- 
stand the question, before they attempt to approve or condemn, and I am 
confident they can form but ONE OPINION, which is, that the Texians are 
RIGHT, and that under similar circumstances all freemen ought to, and 
would have done as they have. 

An expression of opinion in Congress, or by the Executive favorable to 
the cause of Texas, would settle this matter and end this war; it would be a 
preventive which will cost nothing, and violate no treaty or other obligation, 
no more than the Greek Revolution did ; and it will save the expenditure of 
millions hereafter, and the loss of thousands of lives. It will do this, be- 
cause such an expression of opinion would inspire confidence, and thus open 
the ice-bound chests of money lenders, and enable Texas to procure funds. 
Men she can get in thousands. The chivalrous West, and the warm-hearted, 
high-souled South will furnish them; but they must be fed and provided 
with arms and ammunition, etc. 

Pardon me for occupying so much of your time by so long a letter; my 
heart and soul, my all, and, as I think, the best interests of my native coun- 
try, and the great principles of liberty, are deeply involved in this subject. 



348 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

I have, in times past, had more kind and charitable feelings for the Mex- 
icans in general, and have been much more faithful to them than they 
merited. I acted from a sound and honest principle — that of mutually bene- 
fiting my native and adopted country, by Americanizing Texas and securing 
to liberal principles in Mexico a support and a guide in Texas, and at the 
same time serving my native country by a population there, that would har- 
monize with their neighbors. But sad and dear bought experience has con- 
vincd me that it is in vain to hope for any good from Mexican institutions, 
or Mexican justice. I am, therefore, for the independence of Texas, and 1 
am so from the soundest principles that move the human heart — those of 
liberty, justice, humanity, and self-preservation. 

Respectfully, your most obedient servant, 

S. F. Austin. 

Zacharie and Company to Austin 

New Orleans May 5 th - 1836 
Col Stephen F Austin 
Dear Sir 

Father Muldoon of Mexico having forwarded us the certified copies of 
his titles to Eleven leagues of Land in Texas to be delivered you on pay- 
ment of Five Thousand Dollars we have to advise that they are now in our 
possession and will be delivered on your complying with the conditions, we 
annex a copy of his letter to us, and also of an open letter, to you in our 
possession, which we think best to retain fearing that you may have left 
Washington City 

J. W. Zacharie and Co. 

Mexico— March 9 th 1836— 
Messrs. J. W. Zacharie and Co New Orleans 
Gentlemen 

The Amt of money say $5000, five Thousand Dollars which Genl S F. 
Austin advises me would be paid at your Counting House (upon my for- 
warding to same the authenticated Certificate of title to Eleven leagues of 
Land in Texas in my name and transfered to him by virtue of a Power of 
Atty — authorizing him so to do.) You will please hold — subject to the 
order of W S Parrott of this city, who will account to me for same, as I 
transmit* 1 in conformity to Gen Austins instructions through the Said W S 
Parrott the certified copy of my title to the 11 Sitios aforesaid, taken from 
the original register of the Land office in Texas and the only document 
given in Similar cases. The which Genl Austin had full power to dis- 
pose of 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 349 

Presuming that you will conform yourselves to the present as if it was a 
letter or regular bill of Exchange and craving your reply through the same 
medium I have the honor to be Genln. Yr Most Obt Servt 

Michael Muldoon 

Mexico 9 th March 1836 
My Dear friend Genl Austin 

Agreeably to your note I send you through Mr. Parrott a certified copy of 
the protocol now in the land office at San Felipe — signed by Mr Williams 
and Arciniega 

I cannot accuse myself of any neglect in the fulfilment of my obligations 
with respect to those sitios having left all my Dues in the Colony for that 
purpose, paid the Government in whole and the surveyor in Part, with a 
letter of three hundred Dollars Mexican Currency — accepted by the very 
respectable Mr Wharton which I gave you, with, as also with powers to do 
what [you] might think proper for the final adjustment. 

Now I beg leave to draw for the entire sum of — Five Thousand Dollars 
on the house of J. W. Zacharie and Co New Orleans in favor of the said W S 
Parrott Esqr of this City and Commerce 

Michael Muldoon 

[Addressed:] Col Stephen F Austin Washington D C mail 

John Martin Duffield to Austin 

[Wheeling, May 5, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Lucas Van Buskirk to Austin 

Seneca Falls 5 th - May— 1836 
General Austin 
Dr Sir 

Permit us (though strangers) to introduce ourselves to your notice and 
allow us to offer as an apology for so doing a Most cordial feeling for the 
welfare of Texas — The cause of Texas is exciting deep and thrilling in- 
terest in this part of the world — A large and Respectable meeting has been 
held in this place — the proceedings and resolutions of which please refer 
to a copy of the Farmer and Seneca Falls dayly advertiser published in this 
place — which Paper accompanies this letter — It is the opinion of our first 
Men in point of standing — that a company of Emigrants can be raised in this 
place and village and twenty five to forty men with a suitable person to take 
charge of said company, which company will be ready to march to Texas as 
soon as pecuniary aid can be furnished them to defray their necessary ex- 
pences to New York — It is confidently believed the greater part of the 






350 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

money necessary for this purpose can be raised in this immediate vicinity — 
Now Sir if you can inform us of the manner and the means by which such 
assistance can be forwarded from New York — the sympathy of our fellow 
citizens may not be in vain with regard to Texas — It is the object of this 
committee to get information how Emigrants can be sent from New York to 
Texas, as well as to manifest the spirit prevailing in this section of the 
state — We would be highly gratified to get your views in relation to the 
transportation of such aid as above stated and how Effected 

Lucas Van Buskirk T Corresponding 
Charles D Williams f Committee 

E. B. Birdsall to Austin 

Fort Wood N. Y. Harbor Monday 9 th May 1836 
Dr Sir 

I have the honor to inclose to you the proceedings of A Meeting of the 
Citizens of Seneca Falls. (Where My Father Resides) On the Subject of 
Texas 

These And Other Articles in the Paper (inclosed) Which show that the 
little Village of My homestead has caught the enthusiastic flame of Interest 
in the Glorious Cause of Texas which calls so imperatively upon the just 
of every Civilized nation, And particularly upon Americans to Arrest and 
punish the Out-law Santa Anna, 

E. B. Birdsall 3d U. S. Infy Fort Wood, N. Y.— 

[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin Comr. etc American Hotel N. York 

Austin and Wharton to A. J. Yates 

(Copy) New York May 9 th 1836 

The undersigned Commissioners, appointed by the Government of Texas 
to the United States, acting in virtue of the authority vested in us by the 
said Government, have appointed, and by these presents do appoint, A. J. 
Yates Esq a citizen of Texas, an agent of the Texian Government, for the 
purpose of asking for, and receiving donations, loans, or other aid for the 
Government of Texas. 

The Loans which he may receive, shall be on the following basis: He 
is authorized to issue certificates to the Lenders for the Amount loaned, to 
bear interest not exceeding Ten per cent, and redeemable any time after 
Five Years after the First of July next. 

The said agent A. J. Yates is also fully authorised and impowered to 
procure emigrants to Texas and arms, ammunition etc. to defend them 
against the hostile Indians, and to promise to such Emigrant the bounties 
of land etc. offered by the Independent Government of Texas, to those who 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 351 

emigrate to that country, and embark in its cause, on the terms and in the 
manner prescribed by the regulations of the Texian Government on the 
Subject. 

The said Agent, A. J. Yates will keep an exact register of his acts and 
proceedings under this power, and of the names and residences of the per- 
sons who make donations and loans and of every important particular: and 
communicate the same from time to time to the Texian Government, and to 
the undersigned. He will deposit all the funds he may collect, in the hands 
of D. L. Gregory and Co. or their offices in the city of New Orleans and 
other places in the Western Country, (ever subject to the order of the 
undersigned commissioners of Texas. 

Should companies of Emigrants to be raised in any county or town and 
the expenses of their Equipment, transportation etc be defrayed by a Spe- 
cial contribution from the inhabitants, or other persons for that special 
purpose, the said agent is authorized to sanction the appropriation of such 
Special contributions, and to report the same to the Government of Texas. 

The said Agent is authorized to pay his necessary current expenses, out 
of any money he may receive for the Government of Texas, and he will 
proceed through the State of New York, and the Western country to New 
Orleans, by such routes as he may deem best calculated to promote the 
object of his appointment and the cause of Liberty and Texas. 

S. F. Austin 
W M - H. Wharton 

Com s - for Texas. 

A. J. Yates to Austin 

[Albany, May 10, 1836. See Calendar.] 

A. J. Yates to Austin 

Schenectada May 14, 1836 
My Dear Sir, 

We had a very respectable meeting at Albany on Thursday evening, and 
I held forth to them (if I may judge by their plaudits) with much accept- 
ance — They adopted a string of resolutions, and among others, to ap- 
point a Committee of 5 from each ward in the City to solicit aid, to circu- 
late a memorial, and to correspond with every county in the State. There 
was a very powerful counter current there, and I do not know what to 
ascribe it to unless it be Van Buren Politicks. I have never before be- 
lieved in the stories about the Regency but I am now satisfied of the truth 
of the collar business. I have been for years engaged in the Politicks of 
New York, and well know that political movements were and must of course 



352 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

be controlled and party must be disciplined to rank and file, but I never 
would believe that the feelings, the sympathies, the most holy affections of 
men were to be controlled by a political party. I can ascribe it to nothing 
else, unless there may have been a reaction, on account of Urrea's return 
of the safety of Fanning and his men, which I presume was made before 
their Massacre — [Illegible name] has published a letter from a member 
of Congress about the gullability of our Countrymen, and instances the 
case of Texas, and particularly of Fanning — I hope the facts of that case 
will be now elicited, and if the massacre is found to be true, the reaction 
of those who have been deceived by this course of the Mexican General and 
Minister, will be tremendous — 

If I had a power to appropriate any of the funds I receive towards fit- 
ting out emigrants (ie) authorize me to draw on the Agent at New Or- 
leans, for the monies remitted, at the same time charging the emigrant say 
$20. for his passage and outfit, I could send out a 1000 [to] 2000 within 
40 days. I would publish a circular establishing a rendevous at a certain 
time and place, say Pittsburg applications to be made by 18th June — expe- 
dition to sail the 20th price of passage including equipment $15, in ad- 
vance — the emigrant to have a draft on the Govt, for that amount on his 
arrival in Texas, provided he enters the army there for 6 mos. One Thou- 
sand men would give $15000, The charter and expenses of two steam 
Boats to Natchitoches would be say $3,000, 1000 muskets and equipments 
say $7,000. 10 baggage waggons, 4 horses each $250, each is $2500. am- 
munition and provisions $2000. Any one thus going out, and not entering 
the service forfeits his passage money, and the arms, ammunition, equip- 
ments, wagons horses etc belong to the Govt, on the arrival of the emigrants 
into Texas. Many neighbourhoods, would raise companies and pay their 
passage, if the arrangements could be made for their going out in this 
manner, without requiring a return of the money, and this I presume I 
have power to attend to in the powers already given me. I found many of 
the pamplets very imperfect, and have received no more than those I took 
up myself. 

My own private business will require my personal presence in this part 
of the country during the Summer but you will hear from me, and I shall 
continue my operations for Texas in a manner that will tell as well, and 
perhaps better than if I went through to New Orleans. I shall probably go 
as far as Pittsburg, certainly to Buffalo, and there are many in the country 
ready to go out. 

Please inform me who remains at Washington City as the Representative 
of the Govt, and if Mr. Childress — mention my name to him, and send me 
his address — 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 353 

I expect the proceedings of our meeting at Albany are in this mornings 
papers. 

A. J. Yates 
[Addressed:] Gen. Stephen F. Austin Commissioner of Texas 
Washington City 

Austin and Wharton to James Treat 

[Washington, May 16, 1836. See Calendar.] 

J. L. Joseph to Austin 

[New York, May 18, 1836. See Calendar.] 

William Austin to Austin 

Lowell, Mass, May 18 th 1836 
Dear Sir, 

An early acquaintance with the West Coast of Mexico and various excur- 
sions from the Pacific to the interior, having visited the City of Mexico in 
1822, and Made Some observations as to the assailible points on that Sea 
Board, and the Sections of Country through which I extended my excur- 
sions, has since the Texian War commenced, been brought to my recollec- 
tion, and aroused by the horrible cruelties perpetrated by the forces of 
Santa Anna I have reviewed the scenes of by gon days, in that Country and 
have formed an opinion, that a diversion highly, favorable to the Cause of 
Texas might be made by a small Naval force employed on the West Coast 
of Mexico. Where a single ship of 20 guns under a judicious commander 
might create consternation and dismay without infringing the Laws of 
maritime War fare or encroaching the limits prescribed to it by the Laws 
of Nations. Much would depend however on the duration of the contest 
in as much as it would require Six to Eight months to give effect to Such 
an enterprise and render it subservient. I know not what may be the 
views of the Texian Government, in regard to Naval operations, but cannot 
entertain a doubt that could it avail itself of the Services of a Small force 
to be there employed that highly favorable results would follow. 

In this section of the U.S. the origin and progress of the Texian revolu- 
tion ar not well understood, and this people as you doubtless may be 
aware, are not so easily excited to action, as those of More Sunny regions 
but when they shall be better informed, and feel assured, that half the bar- 
barities have been exercised by the Mexican forces, that have been an- 
nounced in newspapers of the day, When they shall know that Texas 



354 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

contended for her rights as an Independent State of the Mexican Confed- 
eracy, rights guaranteed by the Constitution of 1824, that failing to secure 
those rights and seeing a consolidated military despotism pervading the 
country, with Catholic intolerance of religious Worship, She availed herself 
of the sacred prerogative of freemen and declared herself independent and 
assumed the consequences, they will perceive that there is a striking affinity 
in the attitude of Texas and the American Colonies at the Commencement 
of the War — of Independence, and yeald their sympathy their services 
afloat or in the field, or their wealth in support of so righteous a cause 
Constrained by circumstances which preclude at present the devotion of 
my services, in her cause, I nevertheless would break the ties that may be 
severed without dishonor, and offer myself a sacrifice for such a struggle, 
if it shall prove necessary to the attainment of the independence or the 
union of Texas with the American Union, feeble as those services Might be, 
tho' not entirely useless. So far as some experience in Maratime war is 
concerned, yet united with thousands of kindred spirits the effect of com- 
bination would ensure success. In this way I presume it would be prac- 
ticable to procure officers and man a Ship or vessels suited to the enterprise 
before mentioned, there would be some difficulty in providing an arma- 
ment, or rather in Embarking it in the vessels in which to employ it, but 
not insurmountable diffculties. Would the commander of such a force if 
offered as a loan to Texas, with the officers he might recommend be com- 
missioned so as to give them suitable rank in the Naval Review? their 
emoluments to depend on their captures, and the usual bounty in Land but 
to be placed under such restraint as to avert the consequences of any con- 
travention of the Laws of Nations? — I feel that; I may be subject to the 
imputation of obtruding, myself on your attention but I am anxious that 
the history of the events in Texas, should be better understood in the New 
England States, and know that when the subject of religious liberty, and 
rational freedom are agitated and contended for and by a people claiming 
consanguinity and evincing the most laudable heroism, the citizens of this 
Wide spread republiccan Empire, will fly to the rescue. It is obvious that 
entire secrecy would be indispensible to the success of the enterprise under 
consideration. I therefore need not enforce it. When in the City of 
Mexico in 1822, I had the pleasure of an acquaintance with General Long 
and the officers of his staff. Among the latter was Captain Austin 1 of the 
infantry, Whose subsequent history it would afford me pleasure to learn 
and especially if successful — The unfortunate Genl. Long; Was assassi- 
nated at that time and being among those who assisted at his interment, and 
having since heard that his Widow received from the Mexican government 
a Grant of Land in Texas, I would venture to enquire whether her fate is 

Apparently John Austin, who died of cholera in Texas in 1833. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 355 

known to You — I have in my possession a relick of her heroic husband 
which it would give me pleasure to transmit to her — 

William Austin 
P.S. Please address at this place 

James Treat (?) to Austin, Archer, and Wharton 

Memorandum Confidential Muskets. — 

There are 960, muskets in New Orleans: English, Tower proof — oz bore: 
a first rate article: which I can controul, if not sold, on receipt of orders, 
given for their delivery, from this place, which can go in a moment, through 
you, whenever an arrangement can be concluded as follows: 

960 Muskets . 6$ short price is $5760 — 

1/3 for cash $1920.— 

1/3 3 mot Credit 1920 

1/3 may be merged in the loan 1920 5.760. — 

Should any portion of these be sold on receipt of the order that may be 
given, the balance, that are unsold (whatever be the number) may be de- 
livered instanter. — What think you of this proposition ? ? — I doubt not 
these 960 Muskets remain unsold yet, but this I cannot, of course vouch 
for. — 

Again: There are 2000 Muskets here of same description, good article 
tower proof and ounce Ball or bore — The Holders ask for these $4.81 and 
would amt to $9620 — They will not sell them, Except for part cash, and, 
balance satisfactory short paper. They refused making any proposition 
for the sale of them to you or your Govn*- as they are very cautious pru- 
dent folks, and know nothing of Texas affairs. — Probably we can manage 
it here, to make an arrangement, for them, and deliver, them, at N. Or- 
leans, as soon as they can be sent there, at the same price and terms, as the 
960, first spoken of, on this paper — . This, I repeat I think we can 
manage, provided you, the commissioners, think the good cause, will be 
promoted thereby by so doing — and you must understand, at same time, 
that the small Gain, in the operation, is not a sufficient object for us or any 
one to Embark in this last arrangement, Unless you should consider it an 
object to the Texian Govern*- to send them on 

They can be shipp d At once, and sent to N. Orleans, and if all is right, 
go down to G. Bay at once — probably without discharging at all — The 
same vessel that takes these (if they go) can also take anything else you 
may have to send down from here — tell me what you think of the matter 
1 st - as regards the 960 — and then as regards the 2000 here — If we can get 



356 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

the Loan up to 100.000 that will give us $10,000 Cash — and a portion of 
this might perhaps be appropriated to the muskets. — Now dont forget that 
in connection with this and other kindred topics of great interest to the 
cause, you must give us timely Notice, when you intend to leave Washing- 
ton — and you must let us know a week or at least 4 or five days before 
Hand, so that one of us can go on and arrange all — 

This I consider important in many points of view, as in 6 or less Hours 
all can be done which would require days and sheets of paper and then per- 
haps not be as well understood. — So, tell us or me, in answer to this and if 
you can, by return post, how your time goes, and when you fix your depar- 
ture in anticipation, and let us know, I will run on and see you, if possi- 
ble and if not one of us will go, and this will give us time to see what we 
can do in the way of extending the Loan and also with subscription Dona- 
tion lists etc. 

Pardon my scrawl for I have been interrupted momently since I set down 
at my desk — If tomorrows mail, or tomorrows steam boat confirms the 
rumors (in Bryan's Letter) that Sam has whipp d - the Mexicans. It will of 
course have a good effect on our collections and Subscriptions — 

Excuse my lengthy communications for I have not had time to make 
them shorter — Very truly 

El mismo 

Dont let these papers or my letters lay about or be exposed — 

Private Continued 

As regards the insurance there may be no claim on any one — If the 
office Insured the property against all risk — , Including Capture by the 
Enemy then there is no claim — If not against capture, but only against 
sea Risk then the owners have no claim on the Insurance. — but lose the 
property, without recourse to any one 

I shall send you the Evening paper and C and Enquirer of this morning. 
0/50; — The former will no doubt Copy from the Orleans papers of 2 d 
came to hand this morning — Nothing direct from Texas, but some in- 
teresting advice from Matamoros, which ought to appear in the Globe — 
Gorostiza 1 is, in Phil a - or will be today — He intends publishing in the Globe 
or Nat Intel, his full correspondence with this Govn t_ also you will see 
the Presidents answer to the call of the House of Rep s - which has not 
reached us, — I call your attention to the enclosed paper in reference to 
M — which you will please reply to, as soon as possible, and give me a 
definite answer, as regards this transaction. Let it be a separate paper in 
reply to mine, to show to the parties. — I have this morn. s Letter from 
S. F. Austin at Phil a - dated 14 th and note its contents. I hope to hear from 

1 Envoy Extraordinary from Mexico to the United States. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 357 

the head of the Committee at Phil a - on the subject of the men, money, 
wanted, to move them etc. — I was going to write him but shall wait, until 
tomorrow to receive his Letter We shall move in this business, without 
doubt, and that promptly — See Stones letter to you of yesterday address d - 
either at Baltimore or Washington — I dont remember which — I agree with 
you that the south will save you — Still, I am sorry nothing further has 
been done here — that [than] when you left us — Tho I think something 
further will be done — today has been the first working day among us — and 
I suppose all are at work but myself — I confess I have done nothing, and 
the reason is before you — all calls on the subject of Texas are made to 
me — all enquirers sent to me — I have to get the news from the files of 
papers then, confer with Editors, and Talk up and answer inquiries etc. then 
write you etc. etc. So that I trust you will find some excuse for me at 
least for today — I do all I can and will do my utmost of this you must not 
doubt. But I have to do all myself, none can act for me: or write for me — 
This keeps me hard at work without fulfilling my promise of going on as I 
intended today — Still will tomorrow — The Charleston Boat, tomorrow 
might bring us news no doubt — I also send you a western paper just rec d - — 
it might contain something of interest: Yours etc 

Very truly and cordially The same 

Pray let me hear from you fully and as often as possible and pardon 
my scrawl Papers herewith. 

Again Truly El Mismo 

Austin, Archer, and Wharton — Statement 

Detailed Statement of Funds received by the Commissioners, in Virtue 
of the Loan contracted in New York: as pr Statement on another part of 
this Sheet— VIZ: 

Cash paid by Saml Swartwout, being commissioners Dft. on him in favor 

of Col Macomb $ 1000.00 

Cash paid by Sam 1 - Swartwout to the Commissioners in Cash 500.00 

D°- Paid by S. Swartwout being commissioners Dft in favour of Major Norton 200.00 
Cash paid by Gregory and Henderson to A. J. Yates as pr certificate of the 

commissioners . 451 .37 

Cash paid by J. Treat, being Commissioners Dft. to order of Mr. Duffield 200.00 

D°- paid by James Treat to Stephen F. Austin, by order on Henry Williams 200.00 

Mess rs Josephs Letter of Credit on New Orleans favour of Gen 1 Austin 5000.00 

amounting to in all % 75550.37 

Amt Due to close the $10,000 payt- 2448.63 

being 1st pay t f $10,000 or 10p% $ 10.000.00 



358 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Washington D. C. May 24 th 1836. 

The foregoing is a true statement of the funds Rec d - by us and M r Whar- 
ton is duly authorized to receive the am 1 - now due from the parties in New 
York and to receipt for the same. — 

W M H Wharton 
S. F. Austin 
B. T. Archer 

Wharton p d - 63.37, to Bridges over the am 1, due by him to make up the 
above 2448.63 — . Austin owes forty, leaving the donations from Lead- 
better etc. 

Washington D. C. May 24 th - 1836. 

The undersigned have received, from Asa P Ufford and James Treat, 
acting in behalf of the Subscribers to a contract for a Loan, bearing date 
23 d of April 1836 the following Sums and amounts viz 

1 st - Mess rs J. L. and S. Joseph's and C os - Letter of Credit on 
Samuel Hermann and Son of New Orleans, bearing 
date 21 st - May instant, which places at the disposal of 
Gen: Stephen F. Austin the sum of Five Thousand 
Dollars: valid for $5000. .00 

2 d - Received in Cash from Samuel Swartwout at different 

periods. The Total Sum of 1700. .00 

3 d - Received from David Henderson and D. S. Gregory in 

cash and at Sundry times, the sum of 451. .37 

4 th - Received from James Treat in cash and Letters of Credit 

on Baltimore the Sum of 400. .00 

making in all the Sum of Dollars 7551. .37 

which Several Sums and amounts are so much, on account of the 1 st - 
Installment of 10 P% on Said Loan of One Hundred Thousand Dollars: 
according to its provisions and conditions above refered to. The amount 
or balance due, to complete the $10,000, to wit, the sum of $2448.63, is to 
be paid over to W m - H. Wharton, one of the undersigned, by the said 
Ufford and Treat, as soon after their return to New York, as practicable 
and when so paid, a receipt of even date herewith for Ten Thousand Dollars 
shall be given by the Undersigned. — 

W M H Wharton 
S. F. Austin 
B. T. Archer 



the austin papers 359 

Contributions for Texas 

Association for the Relief of Texian Sufferers 
1836 To James Treat D r 

May 1st To Am* of William's Co's Bill 

of Bread 240Bbls 

Contag. 20,160 Pounds and Barrels $875.78 

Less 4 % 35.04 $ 840.74 



To Am*- Palmer and Young Bill 
of Bread 150 Bbls contg. 12,523 lbs 

and Barrels for same 553.53 

Less 6 % for Cash 23.23 $ 520.32 



To Amt of M. Solomon's Biill $232.30 

Less 10 % for Cash 233.23 $ 209.07 



To Insurance on Valuation of $2000 at 1%% and policy 31.25 



Total Amount $1 60 1 .38 

Errors Excepted. 

New York May 3 d 1836 

James Treat Acting for the parties. 

City of Washington, D. C. May 24 th 1836. The undersigned, acting in 
behalf of the individuals hereinafter named, To Wit: Sam 1 Swartwout J. L. 
and S. Joseph Silas M. Stillwell, James L. Curtis and the Undersigned 
James Treat) hereby Certify that the Individuals above named have con- 
tributed to the payment of the amt of the Cost of the Shipment of Bread 
etc. as per Statement within; as follows, 

Samuel Swartwout has contributed the sum of— $500.00 

J. L. and S.Joseph and Co " " " 500.00 

Silas M. Stilwell " " " I 150.00 

James L. Curtis " " " 150.00 

James Treat Balance of said Bill say 301.338 



Making the Total Cost of said Shipment $1601.38 

Samuel Swartwout as above $500.00 

J. L. and S. Joseph and Co 500.00 

Silas M Stillwell by J. L. Curtis-.as above 150.00 

James L. Curtis 150.000 

James Treat do Balance 301.38 

$1601.38 



360 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

Copy of Donation of Bread for Texas by New Yorkers $1601.38 

Austin et al. to Subscribers 

Ten Thousand Dollars Washington D. C. May 24, 1836 

The undersigned Commissioners of the Provisional Government of Texas, 
duly authorised to make a Loan for, and in behalf of said Government, 
hereby acknowledge that we have received from the subscribers to a Loan, 
the contract and conditions of which bearing date 23 d of April instant and 
to which Reference is made, The sum of Ten Thousand Dollars in cash 
credits, and acceptances, as will more fully appear in a detailed statement 
and Receipt bearing from date herewith — 

W M H Wharton 
S. F. Austin 
B. T. Archer 

William H. Jack to Austin 

[Velasco, May 27, 1836. See Calendar. The letter is in Garrison, Dip. 
Cor. Texas, I, 91.] 

Wharton to Austin 

Washington 28 th May 1836 
Dear Sir, 

Mr Sumner a friend of mine from Nashville has just arrived and shocked 
me with the intelligence, that it is understood at Nashville that Genl Hous- 
ton is opposed to the annexation of Texas to the United States. If this be 
so it is truly and deeply to be deplored. Like all triumphant conquerors 
he will be omnipotent for a time at least. I plainly see before me the tur- 
moil and confusion and injustice and the demagogueism which must ensue 
in Texas after the war is over before we can establish an orderly and har- 
monious independent government. Nothing can transcend the horrors of 
this state of things but the cold blooded Massacres of the last few Months. 
Knowing therefore that I have some influence with Houston I shall be in 
misery until I see him before his opinions on this subject are generally 
known or firmly fixed. I have therefore written on to Childress and Hamil- 
ton to come immediately here that I may start for Texas. This I shall do 
as soon as they arrive. I am compelled to go to New York to get the re- 
mainder of the 10 pr cent. I will not however delay there more than one 
day and will then start for Texas via Nashville where I will not stop more 
than another day. I feel it more important than all other things in the 
world 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 361 

the present Senate should act upon the question of annexation. I bottom 
this upon reasons known to you in which all of our friends fully coincide 
and they speak to me about it every hour in the day. For this reason it is 
indispensible to be at home and get the leading men in favour of it. Presi- 
dent Burnett I know cannot depute power to any one to make a treaty of 
Cession of Texas that will be binding upon the people of Texas. But he 
can have the treaty take place subject to the ratification of the people here- 
after or senate as are all treaties of this government. The great object is to 
get it acted on here by the present Senate and we will act on it in Texas 
afterwards and if we first get the leading men in favour of it in Texas all 
will go right. For this reason as above stated I am determined to start 
home immediately — 

I have had frequent interviews with the President and he fully coincides 
in these views and is exceedingly anxious on the subject. I will ascertain 
from him the exact terms on which Texas can be admitted such as paying 
the public debt, allowing her to keep her public lands etc. Write to me in 
answer to this at Nashville. You may rely upon seeing me soon after you 
are in Texas. With a perfect oblivion of all the past I am truly Your 
Friend 

Wm. H. Wharton 

P. S. Our friends say they will if possible keep congress together until 
August on account of this business. I trust in God that it is a Mistake 
about Houstons being opposed to annexation. If he is I will exert my little 
influence with him. We have always been and are the best of friends. Do 
hurry on home without a moments delay — 

[Addressed:] Genl. S. F Austin Care of Wm Bryan New Orleans 

James Hamilton to Austin 
[Charleston, May 31, 1836. See Calendar.] 
Mary Austin Holley to Austin 

Lexington, Wednesday, June 1 st - 1836 
Dear Sousin, 

I have yours from Maysville, and hope this will be in time to meet you 
at Louisville. If you want men it seems to me all important that you 
should Come here forth with. 4 or 500 men are nearly ready and anxious 
to go, but neither Col: Lewis, nor Col: Wilson has yet arrived — great 
discontent and want of Confidence prevail — some have gone off in disgust — 
others will follow without some efficient Movement — Your presence would 
reanimate them. The greatest enthusiasm did exist, but the want of a head 



362 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

is manifest. Col Lewis has been sick in Cincinnati — did not write for a 
long time — and now a letter says he will go Eastward without Coming 
here — much disappointment on account of it. Col: Wilson went to make 
arrangements for his family — was expected back a week ago — not a word 
from him — it is thought he is sick — the bad weather hinders every thing 
and every body. A fine Company in Bourbon county want to go, but there 
is no one with authority to encourage them to do so. Your presence would 
do all in an instant. Capt Postlewhaite takes the Fayette Company — Ladies 
Legion. 200 are in barracks here since some weeks — others are joining — 
while some go off. There is Much Confusion. Enthusiasm Could instantly 
be kindled — Young Woolley — Gause — Rogers, and others are first rate 
young men — all enthusiasm, but somewhat depressed from the above 
Causes.' 

Miss James has painted your flag on silk — Sun Washington and all — it 
is beautiful — it is to be presented by Henrietta — with an appropriate speech 
written for her by myself — Friday afternoon — How interesting to have 
you here! It is to be in Mrs Harts lawn. We tried to have it to day but 
the weather has been so bad Could not be got dry. and it rains fast — 
All the Military were to parade. We tried to hurry it because some of the 
troops are to start tomorrow in the Car — There is an encampment and ren- 
dezvous in Shelbyville — another is in Louisville — some have gone on 
there — A Letter is here from Col: Harrison of Louisville to Col: Wilson 
wanting information about starting etc there is no one here to give it. 
Mr. Ficklin was in here just now — is trying hard to get them off — thinks it 
all important that they go quick or they will not go at all — Mr. Bryant 
followed — thinks your Coming for a single day, if you Could spare it — 
would be effectual. They and Mr. Hunt make great exertions, as does 
Gen McCalla and others. Dr Dudley opposes all he can, as does Mr 
Wickliffe. 

I think with you about monied men. It is my experience. We must not 
look to them for generosity. None of them have come forward here except 
Mr Norton who gave $100 — As to our family money matters — I see no 
hope in any quarter — so must e'en put my shoulder to the wheel a little 
longer I shall do it cheerfully in view of the end. I have another boarder 
and can have enough. Perhaps you did not get my last letter to Washing- 
ton. I wrote you I have taken the house adjoining mine, making with that 
room enough. If your sister, in view of placing her daughter at school (at 
mr Leacock's, a very good one) I should be glad to have her pass the sum- 
mer with me and her family or any [others] of our Texan friends — I wrote 
Henry to that effect. He is still in N. 0. trying for funds. Mr Erwin has 
made already $50,000 by Texas lands, he has gone out to [illegible]' — 
while we lose all we have without realizing a cent. Our time will come — I 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 363 

hope — Bradford from Farmings Corps arrived here last night — have not 
seen him, If you have the New Constitution of Texas please send or bring 
it without delay — Am closing the last chapter — terrible struggle to get the 
book out. We have a grand Close — with Houstons proclamation. Dr 
Overton of Nashville is here. I have a parcel of clothes made up by us for 
the army — Dont know what to do with them — No proper authority to re- 
ceive them. I furnished the silk for the flag — Gen: McCalla the Staff and 
spear head. I have expended about $30 of my own funds for work and 
materials besides what we have done and what has been given. I have not 
a doubt but all will be well. 

M A H [Mary Austin Holley.] 

Mr Charlton Hunt gave $100 and a horse to Col: Wilson. And was 
very active here and elsewhere. Since writing — It has been suggested that 
at the presentation of the Flag in Mrs Harts lawn — you being present to 
make a speech — 1000$ or more might be collected You had better come. 
Gen: McCalla just came in — says come by all means. What a pity you did 
not come from, Maysville. he has written by this mail — 

About coming here, I have endeavored to spread out the matter before 
you — You must judge. A gentleman of family of Herrodsburgh brought 
his Son, a youth of 17 to put him under the especial care of some officer — 
as he would go. Young men and boys can hardly be restrained from go- 
ing — they run away from their parents when they will not consent. Sant- 
anna is on Galveston Island — Bradford says the Devil could not get him 
out — Is Mr Wharton with you — Let him come and harangue his old 
Comrades here — 

Please have this letter delivered immediately. Should Gen: A have 
passed on to N Orleans, please let it follow pr steamboat. 

[Addressed:] Gen: S. F. Austin Louisville 

[Readdressed:] New Orleans Louisiana 

John M. McCalla to Austin 
[Lexington, Ky., June 1, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Joseph Ficklin to Austin 
[Lexington, Ky., June 2, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Wharton to Austin 

(Strictly Confidential) 

Washington 2 d June 1836 
Dear Sir: 

By special invitation I took a family dinner with the President on the 
day before yesterday and with the Vice President on yesterday. I was 4 



364 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

or 5 hours alone with the President and the sole subject of conversation 
was Texas. He asked Where are your letters from your Government? 
Where Houstons official account of the Victory? Where your Presidents 
proclamation calling upon the inhabitants to return to their homes and 
attend to their crops? Where an official annunciation of the fact that the 
inhabitants are at their homes and in possession of the Most of Texas? 
Where the publication opening your ports and fixing your Tariff and Ton- 
nage. Sir says he your President should send an express once a week to 
New Orleans to his agent and have published by authority the true situa- 
tion of your country and every thing that goes to shew you are a de facto 
government. This is indispensible. He then commenced on Butler and 
said that but for his delay and misconduct Texas would have belonged to 
this Government before this war broke out and sir says he be not sur- 
prised if I yet soon announce a cession by Mexico of Texas to the United 
States. This gave me to understand that he was in treaty with Gorostiza 
and I announced to him for the 10th time that Texas protested against any 
sale or cession by Mexico. He answered that if such took place a quit claim 
would be all that would be obtained from Mexico leaving the preliminaries 
to be afterwards arranged between Texas and the United States. I again 
renewed my protest against any disposition of Texas by Mexico. 

I write you this to let you know What is wanted here in order to procure 
our recognition. Do urge our government to write to the agents here at 
least once a week and to make frequent publications in relation to the state 
of affairs in Texas. 

Our latest dates from New Orleans are of the 13th May. The Indians 
have cut off all communication for some time. We should now have New 
Orleans dates of the 22d — . All is anxiety about the Texas news Many 
doubt the capture of Santa Anna because the agents here have received no 
letters from the Texas Government. Do urge them to write often. I shall 
leave here as soon as the news is placed beyond all doubt — which will be 
in 2 or 3 days as we are now getting the New Orleans papers Via Nashville 
and Louisville. When the news is placed beyond all doubt I will 
demand of this Government a decisive answer in relation to our recognition. 
When this is given I will start for Texas via Nashville. Do write to me 
often at Nashville and New Orleans. Childress has not been here since 
you left. Carson's leaving Texas, I mean the Secretary of State has done 
considerable harm. Genl. Jackson observed to me that it in some measure 
justified Gorostiza in Calling our government a fugitive government. 

I could get nothing definite out of Van Buren at his dinner although we 
had much conversation. He professed to believe all the accounts in rela- 
tion to Santa Annas Capture and said that his feelings were decidedly 
with us. Do attend to the suggestions herein contained and write fre- 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 365 

quently first to Nashville where I shall remain only a day or two and then 
to New Orleans 

Wm. H. Wharton 
[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin New Orleans Via Wheeling. 

A. J. Yates to Austin 

Schenectada June 3, 1836 
My Dear General, 

I am here still with my family, and much engaged in settling my old 
private affairs, which I once mentioned to you. I have had a proposition 
from the persons who have had my property in charge, and they have of- 
fered me $15,000 to release them, and I have charged $35,000, and a settle- 
ment of $30,000 on my wife. They have till day after tomorrow to accept. 
My estate is worth $120,000, by their own admissions, and I shall secure 
some $80,000, if I go into a Chancery suit, but as that will keep me out of 
it for some two or three years and perhaps more, I am determined to close 
at once by a sacrifice, provided I can do so on the terms I have offered. If 
they accept, it is my intention to charter a vessel from New York and sail 
next month for Texas. I want much to know the prospects of a continu- 
ance of the war, and I can bring out two or three hundred volunteers. I 
have also written to Colt of Patterson to inquire the prices of his ten 
charge rifles, carbines and pistols, and I want to bring out what will be 
most useful to the country, and dispose of it for lands. 

I have not been able to get up a meeting in Troy at all. I went there 
and saw the Mayor and Recorder and several of the leading men of the 
City, and I received a letter from the Mayor a few days since stating that 
there appeared so much apathy on the subject, that he was fearful that the 
attempt would fail. I have not been able to do any thing more in Albany 
than get a Memorial circulated, which has received a great many signatures, 
and will go to Washington. I do not think I can do any thing of impor- 
tance in the West in the way of collecting funds — in fact the scarcity of 
money is so great here that, I find the people very unwilling to give. 

I wish you would inform me if cannon are needed for the fortification 
now in progress — If horses could be promised 100 men, provided I could 
bring them out with the equipments and arms — I am inclined to think that 
100 cavalry with Colts carbines, with spring bayonets, and pistols, will 
be a very powerful and efficienct force. Colts carbins and pistols discharge 
30 rounds in the same time that it takes to load 3 times. If I get cannon too, 
I would have them with the percussion locks, which we saw at Arculanius 
N. Y. State Arsenal. 

If you can learn anything of Wm Austin, I beg you will also let me know 
for the satisfaction of his friends here. I am also very anxious to receive a 



366 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

copy of the Constitution, and some of the important laws of the New Govt, 
and please address me at New York, and advise me of your movements. 

A. J. Yates 

Joseph Ficklin to Austin 

[Lexington, Ky., June 4, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Edwin Bryant to Austin 

[Lexington, Ky., June 5, 1836. See Calendar.] 

T. J. Chambers to Ira R. Lewis 

[Nashville, June 10, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Austin to David G. Burnet 

[New Orleans, June 10, 1836. See Calendar. The letter is in Garrison, 
Dip. Cor. Texas, as cited, I, 98.] 

A. de 0. Santangelo to Austin 

[New Orleans, June 11, 1836. See Calendar.] 

R. Salmon to Austin 

New Orleans, June 16 th 1836 
My Dear Sir: — 

I have diligently sought an interview with You, during your short stay 
here: — but, not having been so fortunate as to find You at leisure, — even 
for a few Moments permit me to use my Pen, and briefly lay before you 
the following facts, etc relative to my intended Location and Settlement in 
Texas: — And, first, my efforts for the benefit of that Country, 1. — Thro 
the medium of the News-Papers, I have re-published all the most valuable 
and interesting Matter which has appeared relative to Texas — together with 
many original Articles, for the space of 2 Years past, especially thro' the 
Middle and Western parts of the State of New: York; by which a very gen- 
eral and ardent interest has been excited in its behalf, so that, besides the 
small Colony which I bring with me, there are more than 100 Families in 
Onondaga and adjacent Counties, many of them being quite independent 
as to Property, who, if we (pioneers) succeed in effecting our Location, 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 367 

and send back a good report, will immediately follow us into Texas; — 
2 I have been the cause of a number of Families emigrating to Texas, who 
have resided there for some time, — 3. — Also of sending a number of 
hardy Volunteers (15 or 20 at least) to aid her in the great and glor'ous 
struggle for Independence. 4. I wish to settle in your fine Country, 
on account of the health of my Family — to make myself useful as a Mis- 
sionary — and intend, that the Families I take with me shall constitute my 
first Congregation. The only difficulty, of moment, with which we now 
have to contend, is, our long and expensive delay, and especially in a cli- 
mate where Neither our healths nor lives are safe, should we be obliged 
to remain many weeks beyond the present time: — Moreover, I have only 
about one fourth the means necessary to transport these families to Texas; 
and, having no certainty and obtaining remittances from N. York, sooner 
than abt 7 or 8 Weeks hence; I am therefore obliged to remain here until 
those remittances arrive — or until I can, myself succeed in raising the 
requisite means to take my People on. — This has been a sad delay for Us 
all. — I trust we shall be enabled to go on soon, and be permitted to Locate, 
where at least we shall be enabled to preserve both our Healths and our 
Lives; — My present plan — As soon as I can get ready — to take our people 
on to the Nachez Bluffs, and let them remain there for a time, upon the 
Lands of A. C. Allen and E. A. Baldwin Esqrs, and occupy a number of 
Buildings belonging to them there. — Should — (finally) the interest which 
I have so long and so warmly taken in the welfare of Texas be so consid- 
ered by yourself and the Government, as to expedite our Location, I shall 
be very glad, and shall have renewed cause to extend my labors and exer- 
tions in so good a cause. — Permit me again to solicit your kind aid and 
influence in our behalf: — I am, Dr. Sir, with great Respect 

R. Salmon. 
To Genl S. F. Austin 

J. Delaup to Austin 

[New Orleans, June 16, 1836. See Calendar.] 

J. W. Collins to Austin 

Gen l - S. F. Austin 

Bot. of G. W. Collins 

2 pr Irish Drilling Pants at 3.50$ 7.00 

1 Ginghams Jacket 2.50 

2 " Shirts 3.00 

2 Irish Lennin Shirts 4.50 9.00 



368 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

3 pr Socks * -75 

1 pr Brogans 2.00 

$24.75 
Reed Pay t— 17 th June 1836 

J. W. Collins 
Pr M. Scanlan 

James Maya & Company to Austin 

General S F Austin 

New Orleans June 18 th 1836 

Bot of James Maya and Co 

1 Washington Saddle 45 

1 Bridle : 7 

1 pr Holsters 6 

58.00 
Rec d payment 

James Maya and Co 

Supplies for Austin 

W M Bryan Esqr office agency of Texas 

Bot of Wakeman and Palmes Sundries for Gen 1 Austin p r Schr Union 

June 16 4 ps Smkd Beef 12»>s 14c L68 

Vz doz Smk d Tongues 5.00 

3 Boxes Pha. Porter 2.50 \ 7.50 

2 Gall Jars Pickles 14/ 3.50 

2 Jars Preserves 4.50 

1 Keg 1000 Pickd Oysters 8.50 

4 Canvass** Hams 531b 16c 8.48 

3 loaves Sugar 12lb 2/ 3.00 

1 Caddy Impl Tea 3.50 

$45.66 

2 Do Wine from office 8.00 

.153.66 
New Orleans June 18 1836 
Recd payt $55.66 on within 

Samuel Ellis 



the austin papers 369 

William Bryan to Austin 

Agency of Texas New Orleans June 20 th 1836 
Gen S F Austin 
Dear Sir 

With this we send you a paper giving important information in regard 
to Mexican movements, I have written to the President enclosing the same 
paper, urging it upon him to instantly forward, scrip, complete the loan 
of Col Triplett or devise some other means to allow this Agency, to for- 
ward instantly supplies for the people and army. No one now, would take 
the Agency for New Orleans, an attempt at a change would ruin all, My 
fate must rest on Texas, and as no one has so much at issue, no one can 
exert themselves as I shall in forwarding the material to drive the Enemy 
from the soil, I need not urge upon you, the necessity of immediate action 
on your arrival in Texas 

Wm. Bryan 

P S. we have today news from Tampico of the grossest insults offered 
to the United States vessels sent there etc 

[Addressed:] Genl Stephen F Austin on board Schr Union or 
Velasco Texas 

Robert Peebles to Austin 

New Orleans June 23 d 1836 
Dear Genl. 

I write merely to say that the Acting President of the Govt, of Mexico, 
Jose Justo Carro, has determined to disregard the Armistice agreed upon 
between Genl Houston and St Anna, and he has issued his proclamation 
declaring his intention to prosecute the War against Texas immediately. 
Our Country, it seems by this publication, (which has been republished in 
the Bulletin of this City), is to be invaded by seventeen thousand Men. The 
prevailing opinion here is that Texas should loose no time in Making ample 
preparation to repel the expected invasion: And acting under this impres- 
sion the Citizens of Texas who are here have joined in a recommendation 
to Genl Hunt to proceed immediately with his preparations to raise and 
organize his Division, as you May see by the enclosed Copy. A report 
reached here today from Vera Cruz that the Gov 1 was not able to raise the 
men and Money to Carry on another Campaign against us. I did not learn 
from what authority this report emanated, but it is only necessary for us 
to reflect how wofully the people of Texas have been lead astray by such 
idle remours to lead us at once to the conclusion that now is the time to 
prepare for action. 



370 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

I leave in the morning for Mobile, thence to Claiborne, from whence I 
shall return with all possible despatch. Please Write Me to San Augustine 
immediately upon the receipt of this, and if in your opinion the return of 
the Archives had better be delayed I will act upon your advice. 

I am much indisposed therefore Must Make My letter Short 

R. Peebles 

[Addressed:] Gen. S. F. Austin Quintanna Texas 

Citizens of Texas in New Orleans to Memucan Hunt 

[June 23, 1836. See Calendar.] 

R. Semple to Austin 

Williamsburg June 27, 1836 
Dear Sir: 

The Company which I spoke of at Portsmouth, thinking that the war was 
over had almost determined not to go to Texas, but my own opinion is, 
that the heaviest burdthen is yet to come, I have taken some measures to 
induce them to go. 

/ have proposed to raise one hundred men, and pay their expenses out, 
and arm them. If I understood you right, the money which I expend in 
taking them from Norfolk "will be repaid by the Texian Government." 
that there is a sufficiency of arms at Galveston and that volunteers will be 
received at head quarters. 

If I can get a schooner or small Brigg at Norfolk, at a fair price I think 
I shall purchase it and if the government can arm it I will put it in service, 
after carrying out my men from here. 

Write me, at length, on the subjects as soon as you get this. I will get 
my compliment of men by the 4th of July and would like to start by the 
20th any other information which you think I may need send it. I shall 
have some of the first young men in the country. 

If I purchase a vessel I shall not have funds of my own, with your assur- 
ance of the sanction of the government, I will be able to get the money 

(write me at Norfolk.) 

R. Semple M. D. 

Hon. S. F. Austin, New York. 

[Addressed:] Hon. Stephen, F. Austin Commissioner for Texas 
City of N. York 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 371 

Reed: and Returned, by your Obedient Servant who omits writing Col 
Austin having nothing special to say and refers him to Col Lewis the bearer 
of this, for all local news etc etc Yours truly 

J. Treat 

N. York July 28/1836 

Austin to Henry Austin — * 

Letter from Genl Stephen F Austin to Capt. Henry Austin Dated Velasco 
June 27 1836 — Dear Sir — Texas needs every man who belongs here — the 
war is not ended — The armistice that was commenced and made on the 
battle ground of San Jacinto by Houston with the prisoner Santa Anna, 
saved the mass of the Mexican Army, as it gave to them the permission to 
retreat unmolested and take away all their arms etc — Genl. Cortazar has 
reached Saltillo by the last accounts with the army of reserve, previously 
formed by Santa Anna — (this army was to push his conquests to the Mis- 
sissippi) and before this has no doubt reached the del Norte — Texas is 
now better prepared for war then she was before — the retreat or rather 
flight of families last spring has taught that it is better to die in battle — 
than to suffer a hundred deaths by the exposure and fatigue of flight — it 
has also taught grumblers etc that there is more safety in the rifle and 
musket, than in useless and vindictive criticisms and party animosity and 
selfishness — In short, I believe that the people of Texas are now deter- 
mined to stand their ground and to conquer or die upon it — I hope you 
will return immediately and if you can bring some men do so, but no 
delay — and do try and impress it on those who come with you — if any 
come — that they cannot be Generals, Colonels, Majors etc. 

My sister came down here the other day to embark for Orleans, but the 
vessel did not sail — I have not yet seen her — I shall advise her to stay at 
home and abide the fate of Texas — You will say to this that she can be 
of no avail here — not so — it was the panic caused by the flight of families 
last spring which came so near loosing Texas, and if my sister goes, it will 
have its influence on many others — I wish all of my name or connection to 
stay in Texas and abide the issue be it what it may — Your children ought 
to and must remain where they are in Lexington but you ought to be here 
Bring me a sword I had several, but in my absence they are all scat- 
tered — , The cabinet have managed to excite popular prejudice against 
them by entering into any arrangements with Santa Anna — It was most 
unfortunate — those arrangements however were begun by Houston on the 
battle ground the day after Santa Anna was taken — The cabinet are not to 
blame — so much as they have been blamed Texas was saved by the vic- 
tory of San Jacinto and almost lost by the armistice made in the moment 

1 From a book of Copies, in file of August 27, 1829. 



372 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

of victory with a prisoner — An immediate and rapid advance after that 
victory would have distroyed the whole of the Mexican army — But that 
is passed and ought only to be alluded to now, to draw lessons from expe- 
rience and not for vituperation — , experience tells us all, stand your ground, 
fight it out, and trust to no armistice except one of two kinds — a final peace 
— or death — Farewell Love to cousin Mary and the children Yours 
most affectionately and truly 

S. F. Austin 

Austin to M. B. Lamar 1 

Velasco Monday 27 June 36 
Dr Sir, 

After rolling at anchor nearly all day I have just landed — My head still 
has the sea sick motion, so I can say but a few words in reply to your re- 
quest, in your note to the president, to give you the news from the U.S. 

There is a general and pritty universal and ardent interest all over the 
U.S. in favor of Texas — This feeling pervades both houses of Congress 
and the cabinet. 

I believe that nothing was wanting to procure a recognition of our inde- 
pendence but official manuscript accounts of the battle of San Jacinto and 
the actual state of things in Texas — Some proof of our capacity to sustain 
ourselves etc. Nothing of the kind was rec'd — nothing but newspaper ac- 
counts had reached there when I left. 

Grayson and Collingsworth took accounts to N. Orleans that no more 
volunteers were needed. This will do great harm and must be immediately 
counteracted if we expect any more aid from there. 

The reports about treating with Santa Anna etc have injured the cause 
of Texas beyond anything you can conceive of. 

Our course now appears to be a plain one. The country must rally 
en masse and meet the enemy. It seems that their creed is extermination. 
If so, ought we to have faith in such an enemy or to extend mercy or favors? 

A great error (as I think) has been committed in not communicating 
with the agents of Texas in Washington City. I recommend that a report 
or an account in an official form be sent to them by every opportunity of 
every important event that transpires. 

80 men ought to be at Galveston tomorrow in the schooner San Jacinto 
from Orleans — the men are from Cincinnati commanded by Capt. Allen, 
a fine fellow. 300 more are on the way from Lexington and Louisville — 
1000 more would have been on — but the report that "the war is ended" will 
stop them. 

1 From the Lamar Papers, Texas State Library. For the significance of this and the 
following letter, see Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, 505-506. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 373 

In Gods name no more armistices or treaties with prisoners. 

In the Mississippi I saw a vessel direct from Matamoros which confirms 
the news rec'd here as to the advance of the Mexicans 10,000 to 12,000 
strong. There is no doubt of it — all Mexico is in motion. No treaty made 
with Santa Anna will be respected by them. Gen Urrea is commander in 
chief. Gen Cortazar was at Saltillo with 5000 men and coming on by 
forced marches. Gen Filisolo had rec'd orders to halt his retreat and 
fight etc. Such is the substance of the news from Matamoros — also that 
an expedition was fitting out by water. I shall try and be with you in the 
army as soon as I can, as a private soldier — every man in Texas must 
shoulder his arms. Farewell 

S. F.Austin 

Gen M B Lamar 

Maj r Gen. M. B. Lamar 

Permit me to suggest that it would be best to avoid (if possible) any 
harsh treatment towards Gen. Santa Anna's person. In the present excite- 
ment perhaps this will be difficult, tho. you know more of the temper of the 
times than I do as to the matter. 

S. F. Austin 

James Hamilton to Austin 

Charleston June 28 th 1836 
Dear Sir — 

I had the honor to receive some short time since, your most kind and 
friendly favor of the 22d May from Washington, which I should more early 
have answered if I had not expected, in compliance with your advices, to 
have seen Dr Archer here on his way to Louisiana and by whom I had 
proposed writing you. — 

The profound interest which we of the South feel in the success of your 
cause has made your favor exceedingly acceptable to me. — I consider your 
independence as placed beyond all question and I trust that the establish- 
ment of social order and an effective system of justice will assure to you 
the blessings of liberty and self government — 

I deeply regretted, when I first heard of the invasion of Santa Ana that 
my domestic engagements, resulting from a large family, and multiplied 
occupations of business should have prevented my going, at the head of a 
Brigade of South Carolinians (who would have been ready I am sure to 
have followed me) to the rescue, but you have all done more for your- 
selves than your friends have done for you. — Gen. Houston has left nothing 

x From the Lamar Papers, Texas State Library. 



374 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

for any one now to do, as his reapers literally went "down to the harvest 
of death" and have left no gleanings behind them. — You have won the 
country among yourselves, and are entitled to it. — 

In allusion to this subject permit me to advert to the report which has ap- 
peared in the New York papers and which was so well calculated to do 
your cause prejudice, that I at once put the seal of my own disavowal to 
it — That the Commissioners of Texas were engaged in "a Plot" to super- 
sede Gen: Houston by placing me at the head of the Texian army — As I 
never received the slightest intimation either from yourself or any one of 
the Commissioners to this effect, I am sure you are all entitled both pri- 
vately as well as publicly to the benefit of my contradiction. — If circum- 
stances even permitted me to join your cause, I would certainly not have 
been guilty of the gross arrogance and absurd folly of making my appear- 
ance in a new country in the shape of a Competitor to a successful General 
who was as well entitled to his command as to his laurels. — 

I hope to be able to serve you without even going to your country and 
being any man's rival. — By sustaining your cause on all public occasions 
and by endeavoring to bring the force of public opinion, within the humble 
sphere of my influence, to bear beneficially, first on your emancipation 
from Mexican Domination, and next in favor of your Independence as a 
free, sovereign and independent Republic or as a member of our Con- 
federacy, as you, among yourselves, may deem most compatible with your 
own interests — 

I shall leave this on Friday, the 1 st for Washington where I shall see 
both Mr. Forsyth and Mr. Van Buren and do your Country all the good 
I can, by urging immediate recognition. — Nor shall my exertions be 
wanting in New York among your friends to aid your cause, in every pos* 
sible manner in which it can be benefitted, as your friends there happen to 
be some of the best of My own. — 

I shall be exceedingly happy to hear from you at all times, and at no 
moment will I be more gratified than when I can learn of the prosperity 
and entire emancipation of your noble and highly promising region. — 

J. Hamilton — 

Gen. S. F. Austin — Commissioner of Texas. — 

P. S. Be pleased to direct to Charleston South Carolina to which I 
shall return in about three weeks. — 

[Addressed:] Genl. S F Austin — Velasco Texas 

Reed Forwarded by your Obt Servt. 

New Orleans July 10. Wm. Bryan 



the austin papers 375 

William Bryan to Austin 

New Orleans June 28 th 1836 
Stephen F Austin Esq Velasco 
Dear Sir 

We have no news from Texas or Mexico since you left, shortly after 
your departure Messrs Toby and Bros came out with a proclamation of 
the President, naming them as sole agents for the United States etc. The 
result has been disaterous in the extreme. We have been obliged to stop 
all expenditures on the vessels, the mechanicks have all broken off work. 
Toby says he has no funds, and cannot sell the lands sent him, in fact the 
untoward appointment has thrown every thing into confusion. The public 
have come out in a manner totally unexpected, they say the unwarranted 
change of the Agency is unjust, that they can have no confidence in a Gov- 
ernment that could commit so flagrant an act. And that they cannot here- 
after obtain one dollar of credit in New Orleans. Toby can do nothing 
unless by pledge of the public lands, writs of attachment are now out 
against the vessels, and more are threatened, they cannot sustain them but 
the vessels will have to be bonded. In a word the change of Agency has 
much to our surprise drawn out the public voice in our favour and deeply 
injured the cause of Texas. Of the sum left by you we had expended Three 
Thousand Dollars, the Proclamation annul'd the Agency, of course we 
could expend no more. It will require five times the balance to pay the 
Bills upon which we are personally liable. We shall stop the Payments on 
government account as far as it is possible until we hear from you. The 
account was placed in our hands as agents of Texas, on account of the 
Government for a specific purpose, our agency being broken up, it should 
go as far as it will to pay other urgent demands, and we shall anxiously 
wait your opinion upon the subject — It is our opinion the Agency of 
Toby and Bro, cannot continue, as it depends on the popularity of Mr 
McKinny, which must fall with the present Administration, but little can 
be done unless the country is invaded until Fall, and it might be as well 
to let the people have a trial of him, they will be fully satisfied in a short 
tims as to who can, and have best promoted the public interests. Our only 
concern now is in regard to meeting the demand against the Agency, should 
the Executive accede to our request to grant us script for the amount, we 
could arrange to restore the public credit so far as we are concerned in two 
months. Your friendly feelings towards us will induce you to urge such 
a measure, as it is probably the only means that can be resorted to, to pay 
the amount and restore confidence, we would urge it upon you for one 
strong reason, that the impression is general, that the government have 
changed the Agency to avoid meeting our demands, If something is not 
soon done my private character and interests must suffer, I am implicated 



376 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

in no common terms by the public in the debts of Texas, and unless they 
are soon arranged my private credit will be prostrated, I must therefore 
beg of you to do all you can for me, It is hard for me after working for 
Texas through all her darkest days, to see Individuals who have literally — 
done nothing come forward and reap the advantage of my labours, but I 
must submit with the best grace I can, and trust to time for justice. I have 
heard nothing from Messers Archer and Wharton since I saw you, 

William Bryan 
Pr Samuel Ellis 

Joshua Nelson to J. W. E. Wallace 

[Matagorda, July 2, 1836. See Calendar.] 

Austin to David G. Burnet 1 

At J. H. Bells Saturday July 2 1836. 
Dr. Sir, 

I have seen Santa Anna — he will write a letter to president Jackson re- 
questing his mediation to terminate the war on the basis of a recognition 
of Texan independence etc. I will send this letter by the express to Gen. 
Gains and also a copy of it to him (Gains) 

I am satisfied that Santa Anna wishes to end the war and stop the advance 
of the Mexican army — how is this to be done? — you will answer me by 
asking the same question — When I come down I will try to answer it. 

The volunteers lately arrived at Galveston (Allen's company) I think 
ought to be sent to the town of Matagorda with all their provisions — also 
Wilson's and Harrison's corps as soon as they arrive, (they are from Lex- 
ington and Louisville) The commander of the army will of course be 
informed by you of all the orders that are issued as to the concentration of 
troops and supplies at the town of Matagorda — By his dispatch of 22 ult. 
he informs you that he intended to fall back to Caseys on Colorado which 
is only 25 miles above Matagorda. 

I think that some prudence is necessary to avoid discord with Gen Hous- 
ton — any precipitate action by you, at this time, may create an excite- 
ment in the army and will do it — 

The whole country is turning out, so far as I have heard 

Is there any news from the Yellow Stone and Williams etc 

I think I will be down as far as Perry day after tomorrow — 

S. F. Austin [Rubric] 

[Addressed:] President Burnet Velasco Mr Tennille 

'From Diplomatic Correspondence, Texas State Library. A portion of the letter 
appears in Garrison, Dip. Cor, Texas, as cited, I, 100. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 377 

Austin to M. B. Lamar 1 

At Bells Saturday July 2 
Dr Sir, 

I very much wish you would come to the house tonight or early tomor- 
row morning. It will not be much out of the way. I think it very impor- 
tant that something definite should be determined upon as to Santa Anna, 
as soon as you reach the army yours respectfully 



S F Austin 



Gen Lamar 



TO 



Lexington Ky July 3 rd 1836 
Dr Sir, 

Mr [Henry] Austin is at his sisters (Mrs Holly) in this place he goes 
in the morning with his sister and Daughter to the Blue Licks for his 
health and on his way to Cincinnati. The late news of the rejection of the 
treaty of Santa Anna by his Govt. — has created a belief here that he and 
his officers will be shot — I hope not. My opinion is that sound policy 
has induced the friends of Santa Ana to make these threats against Texas 
in order to preserve their places and that no attempt is intended to march 
again on Texas — What is said and the preparations for War may enable 
those in power to sustain themselves and in this way may be better able to 
serve Santa Ana than by attempting to nullify his treaty — still your Coun- 
try Must not relax a moment in all the preparations for war as if the enemy 
were at your doors — It is on that preparation you have most to rely for 
peace. The report of the senate altho nothing more can be done this ses- 
sion is a great matter for you and leaves the rest to Texas — if she acts 
wisely for the next 9 months Our Congress will do all she wants 

Harmony at home and moderation in all your measures are the points of 
the greatest Moment — public feeling is worth a kingdom. The folly of 
Santa Ana in his murderous orders has destroyed his fame and created for 
Texas a feeling too strong for the power of Mexico to Conquer — The 
policy of liberating Santa Anna is certainly improper at the present — While 
a prisoner the whole plans of his friends and his enemies at home remain 
unsettled either release him or kill him and they at once are free to adopt 
some regular plan against you and the injury to Texas would be most alarm- 
ing in the divisions it must produce at home and in the U. S. as to the 

^rom the Lamar Papers, Texas State Library. The letter is addressed to Lamar at 
Mrs. Long's, Brazoria. 

2 Possibly written by Joseph Ficklin or John M. McCalla to Austin. The letter 
breaks off abruptly. 



378 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

wisdom of the measure and the Motives which lead to it — All remain 
satisfied so long as no steps of liberating or killing is taken. The very 
doubts on this head is advantageous to Texas — but take either step finally 
and the danger of contending opinions at home creates factions and in the 
U S doubts and distrust of those in power in Texas — If Santa Ana and 
Cos had been shot on the field of Battle the Civilized World Must have ap- 
proved of the Justice of the Act however doubtful the policy may have 
been — but your Country stands committed to save them by the delay al- 
ready and if future events do not impose the necessity of shooting it will 
not do to adopt it — Texas has profited by the cruelties of Santa Ana in 
rousing the sympathy of the U S for her and she must not part with a grain 
of that benefit by shooting any prisoner at this late period Santa Ana is 
no doubt a monster but Cos who has forfeited his life by the rules of war 
acted under the orders of the other and may be the most worthy at any 
rate he is in a situation to have more of public sympathy because it is be- 
lieved he was forced to a breach of the rules of war by Santa Ana — A 
nation gains immortal fame by even errors on the side of Humanity while 
it can suffer irreparable injury by acts strictly Just but not called for by 
the situation at home. On this head the best men of Texas must deliberate 
to satisfy the spirit of retaliation at home and high expectations of your 
friends in the U. S. Delay is the only remedy for the former and as much 
kindness as possible to the prisoners is the Course for the latter — Genl 
Houston stands above all complaints which have reached this Country, that 
of delay appears to be the strongest, for which he deserves the highest 
honors and all military men adopting the same tardy policy much suffer — 
prudence was called one of Washingtons rascally virtues by Conway Lee 
etc, but the man who has firmness to resist the Current of his army at such 
times deserves well of his country — The single circumstance of preserv- 
ing a camp with the appearance of resistance — When Panic was desolating 
the Country is enough to place Genl Houston high in Military rank, the 
Complaints against him are considered idle or the offspring of that impa- 
tient spirit so common in military life — You have a confidence in Genl 
Houston of great worth and so long as he can serve Texas with the same 
prudence it is wise to employ him. No man living save Genl Jackson could 
have the same weight in your wars as [he] 

Major Grooms of the volunteers from this . . . 

William S. Archer to Austin 

Elk-Hill Va July 3 d 1836 
Dr Sir 

On my way from the south, a few days ago, I met on the Road, My Rela- 
tive Doct. B. T. Archer, who informed me that you had been good enough 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 379 

to unite with him, in a letter, to invite me to become an Emigrant to the 
beautiful country, with whose magnificent destinies, your name has become 
associated as a Founder. This letter, owing to the wandering life I have 
been lately leading, has not reached me, but the assurance that it has been 
written, no less binds me, not only to due acknowledgments for the favor, 
but to the expression of the gratification I have derived, from the evidence 
it affords of favorable opinion of me. This evidence I assure you that I 
appreciate highly — 

Having seen a little, and heard a great deal from authentic sources, of 
your splendid Region, I can not doubt that it is destined to become one of 
the most desirable portions of the Globe, provided always (as the Law 
phrase is) that the government to be established, do not counteract the 
physical advantages, as it is the tendency of all the Governments estab- 
lished in our Western Country Eventually to do. Good Government can 
only be set up in the infancy and outset of states, as it never retrogrades 
from bad to good though it so often changes in the contrary directions. 

You will be united I hope and think, very speedily, with our confedera- 
tion, a result equally to be desired on your account and ours — But, the 
character of the state government you may form, will be matter of far 
more importance both to yourselves, and those who may be disposed to 
come among you. I take the freedom of indulging this remark, because my 
own determination in regard to Emigration will be much influenced by this 
consideration. 

I expect to be in Texas This Fall, and to have the opportunity of express- 
ing in person my acknowledgments for the courtesy I have received from 

you, 

Wm. S. Archer 
S. F. Austin Esqr. 
[Addressed:] Stephen F. Austin Esqr Velasco Texas 

David G. Burnet to Austin 

Velasco 4 July 1836 
My Dear Sir 

Your note by Judge Tennel was reed last evening — I hope Soon to See 
You here Soon — The Yellow Stone has got into Galveston Particulars 
not heard — 

Expecting You Soon I shall make no remarks on public matters — 

D G Burnet 
[Addressed:] Genl S. F. Austin at Mr Perry's 



380 the austin papers 

Austin to President Jackson 1 

Columbia Texas July 4 — 1836 
(On the Brazos river 12 miles above Brazoria — ) 
President Andrew Jackson 
Dear Sir 

The President of Mexico Genl Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, at present 
a prisoner of war at this place, has expressed to the President and Cabinet 
of Texas, and to Genls Samuel Houston and Thos J. Rusk, his full convic- 
tion that the true interest of Mexico requires an immediate termination of 
the war between Texas and Mexico, on the basis of a recognition of the 
Independence of the former by the latter — He has also expressed the 
same to me in the various conversations I have had with him since my 
arrival here, The only difficulty is the mode of effecting this desirable 
object. Genl Santa Anna has written to you on this subject under this 
date, soliciting your mediation, and I have the honor to Enclose to you 
his letter 2 

Presuming that Messrs Grayson and Collinsworth have explained all the 
previous Transactions had with Genl Santa Anna, and the events connected 
therewith — The public and private Treaty of 14 May last, copies of which 
are enclosed to you by Genl Santa Anna — the impediments which public 
opinion interposed to the release of Genl Santa Anna etc etc — I deem 
it unnecessary to occupy your time by a recapitulation of them 

The grounds taken by Genl Santa Anna for his immediate release and 
return to Mexico, are that without his presence and influence there, the 
independence of Texas will not be recognised, and the war will be renewed 
and prosecuted with redoubled vigor and acrimony; for the reasons that 
neither the Govt or people of Mexico are sufficiently informed of the Geo- 
graphical situation and resources of Texas — The Character of her in- 
habitants, and many other things, to Enable them to come to the conclusion 
that Mexico cannot retain Texas, and even if she could, that it would be at 
a sacrifice which no good that could be reasonably calculated on would 
justify making. He says he is fully convinced of these facts, and conse- 
quently, that it is his duty as a Mexican citizen and patriot, and as the head 
of that nation to say so frankly and avert farther evils from his country, 
by terminating an expensive and useless war. 

But that nothing could have convinced him but Experience and personal 
observation, and that nothing but his own statements and influence in the 

1 For the movement to obtain the intervention of the United States, see Barker, The 
Life of Stephen F. Austin, 505—509. 

2 Santa Anna's letter to Jackson may be found conveniently in Richardson, Messages 
and Papers of the Presidents, III, 274; and in Garrison, Dip. Cor. Texas, as cited, I, 
106-107. 



THE AUSTIN PAPERS 381 

congress and Cabinet of Mexico can or will convince them — That such 
statements will be unavailing if made from here during his captivity, for 
the reason of his being a captive, for want of minute explanations which 
cannot be given in written communications, and also owing to the intrigues 
and slanders of his enemies, and of party spirit, who would endeavor to 
mislead public opinion, Excite national pride, and prejudice, and perhaps 
attempt to impugn the purity of his motives etc. He also says that it may 
Embarrass the great and magnanimous object he has in view, (I use his 
own words) which — is a recognition of Texian independence, and to build 
up a new nation here, with the cooperation of the U. S. Govt, if the contents 
of the secret treaty of 14 May or of his letter to you of this date should be 
published and reach Mexico before he does, in as much as it might be used 
by political parties to mislead public opinion, shake public confidence in 
him or create erronious impressions, 

He also says that the Elections for — President of Mexico come on in 
September next, and that Genl Bravo probably may be elected, if he, Santa 
Anna, is detained here, that in this event there would be but little proba- 
bility of accomadating the affairs of Texas, for the reasons that the new 
President would probably consider it necessary to keep up the national Ex- 
citement on this subject by appealing to national pride, and doing all he 
could to discredit his political enemy Santa Anna etc These in substance 
are the views taken by Genl Santa Anna on this subject 

He entered into lengthy details to Explain his reasons for being in favor 
of acknowledging the Independence of Texas, and the advantages that 
would result to Mexico and to the U. S. from a termination of the war etc. 
It would be extending this letter very much to repeat them all. They are 
based (as I think) on a full knowledge of the subject, and an ardent and 
patriotic desire to serve the true interest of Mexico, and the cause of hu- 
manity by terminating an Expensive and useless war, His manner, and 
his reasoning, evinced frankness, sincerity, and Magnanimity, — He drew 
a very striking comparison between the obstinate silly, and impolitic course 
pursued by Spain in refusing to acknowledge the Independence of Mexico, 
after all hopes of conquering it had ceased, and the good of Spain required 
a termination of the war between them: and the prompt, frank and high 
minded course of England, with the U. S. by terminating the war of Inde- 
pendence without delay, so soon as it was evident the public good required 
it, He hopes the Example of the latter would be followed by Mexico with 
respect to Texas, at the same time observing that if this liberal and mag- 
nanimous course was adopted by Mexico, it would naturally be expected 
that a similar one would influence Texas in agreeing to some just and rea- 
sonable indemnity for the losses of Mexico to be amicably arranged by 
negotiations under the general mediation of the U. S. etc — These conver- 
sations were held with me as an individual. — I hold no office at this time 



382 THE AUSTIN PAPERS 

in this country. And as such they are detailed to you with the knowledge 
of Genl Santa Anna, to whom I have communicated the substance of this 
letter. On my part I could only reply by Expressing my desires to see the 
war terminated on the basis of an acknowledgment of our Independence, 
and that I had confidence in the sincerity and good faith of his declarations 
on the subject, and would use any influence I might have to bring about a 
permanent peace through the Mediation of the U. S. which I considered a 
decorous and safe mode of terminating the difficulty, both for Mexico and 
Texas The step taken by the president and cabinet of Texas to liberate 
Genl. Santa Anna and send him to Vera Cruz forthwith, was disapproved 
of by public opinion, an excitement was the consequence and he was dis- 
embarked after he had embarked to sail for vera cruz. The cause of this 
excitement was the want of confidence by the army and people in the pro- 
fessions and declarations of Gen. Santa Anna — the belief that the Cabinet 
had been overreached and deceived by a misplaced confidence in him — the 
want of information as to the nature of the secret treaty with him, which 
was not published for the reasons before stated, and the want of guarantees 
for the prompt fulfilment of his promise to acknowledge our independence, 
and doubts as to his power and influence with the Congress and people of 
Mexico to effect this object etc etc. Also, the deep feeling produced by the 
execution of Col Fannin's men, the loss of property, suffering of families 
etc etc. 

You have been called upon by the Govt, of Texas through Messrs Gray- 
son and Collingsworth, who went on for that purpose and are now called 
upon by Gen Santa Anna to interpose your influence and mediation for the 
purpose of terminating the war between Mexico and Texas, on the basis of 
the full establishment and recognition of the independence of the latter, 
and I sincerely hope that these joint ca