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r7\ : 

Authors' & Printers' 
q£^ Dictionary 

^* ' i- Authors, Editors, Printers, Correctors 
I Press, Compositors, and Typists 

With full list of Abbreviations 

An Attempt to codify the best Typographical 
Practices of the Present Day 



Author of 
**An Epitome of the Sjiithetic Philosophy of Herbert Spencer'* 

With the assistance of many Authors, Editors 
Printersr and Correctors of the Press 

des' Association 
ipciation, by the 
Id by tlie Ex'"cu- 
tors of the Press 

Fourth Edition (Fifth Inrpression) Revised by 
HORACE HART, ControUer of the Oxford University Press 

Henry Frowde 

London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, New York, Toronto 
Melbourne & Bombay 

Price One Shilling net 

Dean Frank H. Probert 

c:^L<AJ^^y<^ ^^o^*^ 

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Authors' & Printers' 

Guide for Authors, Editors, Printers, Correctors 
of the Press, Compositors, and Typists 

With full list of Abbreviations 

An Attempt to dodify^the best Typographical 
Practices- -bf ^e Present- Day 


Author of 
An Epitome of the Synthetic Philosophy of Herbert Spencer'' 

With the assistance of many Authors, Editors 
Printers, and Correctors of the Press 

Approved by the Master Printers' and Allied Trades' Association 
of London, by the Edinburgh Master Printers' Association, by the 
Belfast Printing Trades Employers' Association, and by the Execu- 
tive Committee of the London Association of Correctors of the Press 

Fourth Edition (Fifth Impression) Revised by 
HORACE HART, Controller of the Oxford University Press 

Henry Frowde 

London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, New York, Toronto 
Melbourne & Bombay 


GIFT QW ^-^/aV^- Vo 

«iMlM(a 0£f I. 

/^fW/ Edition, March 1905 

Second Impression, April 1905 

Second Edition, September 1905 

Third Edition, March 1909 

Fourth Edition {Fifth Impression), October 191 2 


THE present edition has been revised under 
my direction ; Mr. F. Howard Collins having 
died on Nov. i6, 1910. 

In going through the pages it has been 
noticed that a number of other persons have died 
since the first edition was issued ; and where 
dates could be ascertained correction has been 
made. There are doubtless further entries 
which ought to be amended, but it would 
involve very great labour to verify all dates, 
even if material for doing so were readily 
available ; and the question has no bearing on 
the correctness of the spellings adopted. 

In cases where the plan of this work differs 
(as in the matter of single and double quota- 
tions) from the practice of the Oxford Press, 
Mr. Collins's plan has been left unaltered. 
The reasons which he had for undertaking 
the work originally, and the methods on which 
he proceeded, having been fully set out in 
earlier editions, are not repeated here. 

Oxford : Oct. 191 2. 


i^— ABBB. 

An asterisk* denotes a spelling used In the 
** Oxford English Dictionary." Words in claren- 
don italic type should be printed in italic. / is used 
for the purpose of compression ; e. g. abbreviat/e, 
-or = abbreviate, abbreviator. 

A., Academician, Academy, 
amateur, artillery, the first 
in a series, all proper 
names beginning with this 
initial, (mus.) alto. 

a., acre, active, 

a, not an, before all words 
beginning with a conso- 
nant, or with the sound 
of w, whj or y^ as : a 
eulogy, a euphony, a Eu- 
ropean, a ewe, a ewer, a 
herb, -al, a honorarium, 
a hope, a horse, a hospital, 
a humble, a one, a oneness, 
a unanimous, a unicorn, a 
uniform, a union, a unison, 
a unit, a universe, -al, -ity, 
a useful, a usurper. (S^^ 

^^ a/50 •* an, «o/ a,**) 

A, a, in German, may not be 
replaced by^^, a^ (except 
in some proper names), 
A, a, or ^, «. "The 
modified vowels, whether 
used as capitals or as small 
letters, take the Umlaut 
sign above them." (Prus- 
sian Minister of Education, 
1880.) The first only of 
two vowels takes the 
Umlaut sign, as du. 

a, the <' Swedish a" {see 

@, at, the "commercial a" 
(used only in quoting 

Al*, "first-class" ships in 
"Lloyd's Register." 

A.A., Associate of Arts; 
A. A. A., Amateur Athletic 
Association ; A.A.A.S., 
American Association for 
the Advancement of Sci- 
ence ; A.A.C., anno ante 

Christum (in the year be- 
fore Christ) (s.caps.) ; 
A.A.G., Assistant-Adju- 
tant - General ; a. a, O, 
(Ger.), ant angefuhrten 
Orte (at the place quot- 
ed) ; A. A. of A., Auto- 
mobile Association of 
America ; A.A.P.S., 
American Association for 
the Promotion of Sci- 
ence ; A.A.S., Fellow of 
American Academy of 
Arts and Sciences ; 
A.. A.B.8., Americans An- 
tiquarianseSocietatis Socius 
(Fellow of the American 
Antiquarian Society). 

A .B . *, ,^ rtiu m Baccala u reus 
(Bachelor of Arts) ; able- 
bodied [seaman]. 

abj (Lat.), from ; — ante, 
from before. 

abac/us* (arch.), plate at 
top of a column ; pi, -i*. 

Abar, Assam, not -or. 

a bas (Fr.), down with. 

abatable *, not -eable. 

a batons rompus (Fr.), 
by fits and starts. 

abattuj (Fr.), fern, -e, de- 

abb., abbess, abbey, abbot. 

abb§* (Fr. m.), title (not 

Abbeokuta, W. Africa, 
use Abeo-. 

Abbildung (Ger. typ. f.), 
a cut or picture (cap.). 

Abbot, family name of 
Baron Colchester. 

Abbott, family name of 
Baron Tenterden. 

Abbottabad, Punjab. 

abbr., abbreviated, -ion. 


abbreviat/e ♦, -or *. 

abbreviation, inFr. abr^-, 


— punctuation : a full point 
after all contracted words 
or phrases, except chemi- 
cal and math, symbols {see 
also county). 

When abbreviation ends 
sentence, one point only. 
Capitalization as in full 
word or words. Initials of 
an abbreviation should not 
be divided by end of line. 
{See also the word itself 
and punctuation, XXI. 


hand recognized by 
printers, agreed to at the 
International Shorthand 
Congress, 1887, with a few 
additions marked f : 

a, . ; about, ab* ; accordingf, 
ace. ; account, ace* ; adver- 
tisementf, ad, or advt; 
affectionatef, afF; affec- 
tionatelyt, aflf'^ ; after- 
noon, aft° ; again, ag^ ; 
against, ag"* ; Americaf, 
Amer. ; among, ams ; 
amount, am*; -ance, -*'* ; 
because, b®" ; been, b" ; 
between, b*"" ; brought, 
bro*; caught, ca*; chair- 
man, chi» ; circum- 
stance, cir*^' ; committee, 
com« ; could, c"* ; differ- 
ence, difc^ ; different, dif* ; 
difficult, dif''"; difficulty, 
difcity. .ence, -«'« ; Eng- 
land, -ishf, Eng. ; especi- 
allyt, esp ; evening, ev^f ; 
-ever, -r ; every, ev^ ; 
excellentf, exc ; extra- 
ordinary, xtr^ ; faithfullyt, 
ffy; for, f; Friday, Fri ; 
from, f™ ; further, fur' ; 
general, gen»; generallyf, 
geny ; goodf, ^ ; govern- 
ment,^ gov*; great, g' ; 
had, h* ; have, h ; import- 
ance, impc^ ; important, 
imp* ; -ing, -g ; -ion, -n ; 

large, Ige ; manuscriptf, 
-s, MS., MSS. ; meeting, 
m*K ; -ment, -mt ; might, 
m*; Monday, Mon; morn- 
ing, ms ; notwithstanding, 
notw«f ; objection, obj" ; 
occasionf, occ° ; o'clock, 
o'cf ; of, o ; opinion, 
op°; opportunity, opp^; 
other, o""; ought, o*; 
pagef, -s, p., pp. ; particu- 
lar, parf^ ; popularf, pop ; 
queryt, qy ; question, q^ ; 
quotationf, quot ; said, 
s*^ ; Saturday, Sat ; several, 
sevi ; shall, sh ; should, 
sh"^ ; -sion, -n ; speciallyf, 
spec ; Sunday, Sun ; 
that, t ; the, / ; their, 
there, th*" ; though, tho ; 
through, thro; Thursday, 
Thurs; -tion, -n; together, 
togr ; trulyf, ty ; Tuesday, 
Tues ; very, vf, or \^ ; 
very goodf, v.g ; Wed- 
nesday, Wed; whether, 
wh"^ ; which, wh ; with, 
w ; without, w* ; would, 
w^; yesterday, yesty, or 
y'dayf; you, y; your, 
y*"; yours, y". 

A.B.C.F.M., American 
Board of Foreign Missions. 

"ABC Guide" (no points). 

abdicat/e, -or. 

h. Becket (Thomas), 
iii8?-7o, Abp. (one t). 

^Beckett (A. W.), 1844-, 
journalist ; — {Or. A.), 
181 1-56, writer (two fs). 

Abeokuta, W. Africa, not 

Abercrombie, Fife. 

Abercromby, Lanes. 

Aberdonians, natives of 

Aberglaube (Ger. m.), su- 

Abemethy, Inverness and 

Aberystwyth, Wales, not 

abest (Lat.), he, she, or it, 
is absent ; pi. absunt 


abett/er*, in law -or*. 

ab extra (Lat.), from out- 

Abhandlungen (, 
Transactions (of a So- 
ciety) ; abbr. Abb, 

A.B.H.M.S., American 
Baptist Home Mission 

ablitj ad plures or — ad 
mafores (Lat.), he, or 
she, has gone to the ma- 
jority : is dead ; pi. abie- 
runt . 

ab incunabulis (Lat.), 
from the cradle. 

Abingdon, Berks, and 
Virginia, U.S.A. 

Abington, Northants, 

Lanark, Lime 
Mass., U.S.A. 

abj initio (Lat.), from the 
beginning, abbr. ab itlit. ; 
— intra, from within. 

h bis ou a blanc (Fr.), by 
hook or by crook. 

abl., ablative. 

-able* (the suffix). Words 
ending in e omit the e 
before -able, except when 
necessary for pronuncia- 
tion, as receive receivable ; 
but change changeable, 
since g becomes hard be- 
fore a. 

A.B.M.U., American Bap- 
tist Missionary Union. 

h boni compte ( Fr. ),cheap- 

ly, at a low estimate ; 

droit f with justice ; 

marche, cheap. 

Abor, Assam, use Abar. 

ab origine (Lat.), from the 

above-mentioned*, hy- 
phen only when a noun 
immediately follows, as 
" the above - mentioned 
sentence," but " the sen- 
tence above mentioned." 

ab ovo (Lat), from the be- 

Abp., Archbishop. 

abr., abridged, abridgment. 

d bras ou verts (Fr.), with 
open arms. 

abrSgS(Fr, m. ) , abridgment. 

abrSviation (Fr. f.), abbre- 

abridgment*, abbr. abr. 

A.B.S., American Bible So- 
ciety, able-bodied seaman. 

abs., absolutely, abstract. 

Abschttittj (Ger. typ. m.), 
section, part, chapter, or 
division; pi. -e, abbr.i46s. 

absciss/a* (math.),/»/. -ae*. 

absenter*, not -or. 

absente reo (Lat.), the 
defendant being absent, 
abbr. abs. re, 

absinth/*, in Fr. f. -e. 

absitj, let him, her, or it, 
be absent ; — omen, let 
there be no (ill) omen. 

absolutely, abbr. abs. 

abs. re., absente reo (the 
defendant being absent). 

abstract, abbr. abs. 

absurdum* (Lat.\ absurd. 

Abt. (Ger.), Abteilung (div- 

abundance, in Fr.abond-. 

ab uno disce omnes 
(Lat.), from one (sample) 
judge the rest. 

abut*/, -ment*, -ted*, 

abys/s*, -mal*. 

A.C., Alpine Club; A.C., 
ante Christum (before 
Christ) (s.caps.) ; a.c, 
author's correction ; in Fr. 
anne'e courante (current 
year) ; a/c, account ; in 
printing use acct. 

A.C.A., Associate (of the 
Institute of) Chartered 
Accountants (offic). 

Academician, abbr. A. 

Acad^miefrancaise (cap. 
A, not cap./).' 

Academy, a learned body; 
abbr. A., or Acad. (cap.). 

a capite ad calcem (Lat), 

ace, acceptance (bill), 




accabljS (Fr.), /em. -ie, 

acced/e*, -er*. 

accedence*, a giving con- 

accelerando (mus.), ac- 
celerating ; abbr. accel. 

accelerat/e, -or*. 

accents and diacritical 
marks : acute ('); cedilla 
(9); circumflex (a); diae- 
resis (") ; doubtful length 
mark (Si); grave f) ; Gr. 
breathings : asper ( ' ) ; 
lenis ('); Gr. circumflex 
C) ; long vowel(") ; Scan- 
dinavian o (0) ; short 
vowel ("); Spanish n or 
tilde (n); Swedish a (d); 
Umlaut (••). 

acceptance, abbr. ace. 

accepter*, in law -or *. 

accessary *, not -ory. 

accessjit (Lat.), he, she, or 
it, came near; pi. -erunt. 

acciaccatura* (mus.), a 

accidental* (mus.). 

acclimatize*, «o/-ise. 

accompanist*, not -yist. 

accordion*, «o/ -eon. 

accouche/ment *, -ur *, 
-use* (not ital.). 

account, abbr. a/c ; in print- 
ing use acct. 

Accra, use Akkra. 

accrocbjS (Fr.), /em. ~ie, 
brought to a deadlock. 

acct., account, or account 

accusative, abbr. ace. 

Acestes, not Akestes. 

ac etiam (Lat.), and also. 

A.C.F., Automobile Club 
de France. 

A.C.G.B.I.. Automobile 
Club of Great Britain and 

Achaemenes, not Achai-. 

k cbeval (Fr.), on horse- 

Achin, Sumatra, not -een, 

Aohnasliellach, Ross. 

A.C.I. (Fr.), assure centre 
Vincendie (insured against 

acknowledgment*, not 

a compte (Fr.), in part pay- 

k corps perdu (Fr.), des- 

acoustics* (sing, noun), 
pron. a-kov/stiks. 

k couvert (Fr.), protected. 

A.C.P., Associate of the 
College of Preceptors. 

acquit/ *, -tal *, -tance *, 
-ted*, -ting. 

Acra, use Akkra. 

Acre, Syria, not Acca, 
Accho, Acco. 

acre, abbr. a. 

acre (Fr. f.), acre. 

acre (Fr.), acrid. 

A.C.S., Additional Curates 

AetaBon, a mythical hun- 

acte d'accusation (Fr. 
m.), indictment. 

Actini/a * (zool.), pi. 


actinomy/ees (bot.), pi. 

actionnaire (Fr. m.), a 

active, abbr. a. 

acts of a play (typ.), cap. 
only when the number 
follows, as "Hamlet," 
Act i. sc. a (see also 

Acts of Parliament 
(cap. A\ cited thus: — 
Factory and Workshops 
Act, 1878 (54 & 55 Vic. 
c. 75, ss. 14 and 15). 
28 Geo. II, c. VIII is a 
private Act. 28 Geo. II, 
c. 8, is a public Act. 

Acts of Sederunt (Scots 

actuallte (Fr. f.), present - 

actuell (Fr.), /em. -Ie, 


actumj agere (Lat), to do 

what has been already 
done ; — est, it is all over. 

A.C.U., American Con- 
gregational Union. 

aeushla (Irish), darling. 

acute accent* ('). 

A.D.* (anno Domini) , should 
always be placed before 
the figures ; B.C. after 
(s.caps.); a. 6.., ante diem 
(before the day), after 
date ; ad., advertisement. 

Adam's Peak, Ceylon 

ad amussim (Lat.), ex- 

adapt/able*, -er*, not -or. 

ad arbitrium (Lat.), at 

adas^ra (Lat.), to the stars. 

a dato (Lat.), from date. 

A.D.C., aide-de-camp. 

Amateur Dramatic Club. 

adj captandum valgus 
(Lat.), to catch the rabble : 
claptrap; — clerum, to 
the clergy ; — crumen- 
am, to the purse ; — 
eundem gradum, to 
the same degree, abbr. 
ad eund. 

addend/um*, something to 

addible*, «o/-able. 

addio (It.), good-bye. 

addorsed*, not adorsed, 

address, in Fr. f. adresse; 
(typ.) in printed letters 
to be s.caps. 

adducible *, not -ceable. 

Adeler (Max), 1841-, 
Amer. writer (see also 

a demi (Fr.), by halves. 

aj dessein (Fr.), on pur- 
pose ; — deux, of (or be- 
tween) two ; — deux 
mains, with both hands. 

adj extra (Lat.), in an out- 
ward direction ; — ex- 
tremum, to the last. 

adj filum aquas (Lat.) to 

centre of the stream ; — 
filum viae, to centre of 
the road ; — finem, near 
the end ; — gustum, to 
the taste; — hoc, for 
this (object) ; — boml- 
nem, to the [interests of 
the] man;— hunc locum, 
on this passage, abbr. 
a.h.l.; — idem, to the 
same (point). 

a die TLat.), from that day. 

adieu/, pi. -x (not ital.). 

adl infinitum * (Lat.), to 
infinity, pron. Tn-fi-ni'- 
tum ; — interim, mean- 

A Dios (Sp.), adieu. 

Adirondack Mountains 
(U.S.A.), Ko/-dac. 

k discretion (Fr.), at dis- 

Adj., Adjutant. 

adjectiv/e, abbr. adj.; — 
-al*, -ely*. 

Adj. -Gen., Adjutant-Gen- 

adjudgment*, «o^-ement. 

adjudicator*, not -er. 

adjutage *, not aj-. 

Adjutant/, abbr. Adj. ; — 
-General, abbr. A.-G., 
or Adj. -Gen. 


adj kalendas Orascas 
(Lat.), never; — libitum* ^ 
at pleasure, abbr. ad lib, 

Adler (Hermann), 1839- 
191 1, Chief Rabbi. 

ad litem (Lat.), for a suit. 

Adm., Admiral, Admiralty. 

ad manum (Lat.), ready. 

administr at/or* abbr. ad- 
mor . ; -rix*, abbr. admix. 

Admiral/, in Fr. amirjal, 
pi. -aux; — , -ty, abbr. 

admiration (note of), 
see punctuation, XVII. 

ad misericordiam (Lat.), 
appealing to pity. 

admix., administratrix. 

ad modum (Lat.), after the 
manner of. 


admonitor*, not -er. 

admor., administrator. 

ad nauseam (Lat.), to a 
sickening degree. 

ado*, work, trouble (one 

Adonai* (Heb.), the Lord. 

adorsed, use add- *. 

ad I patres (Lat.), dead ; 
— quod damnum, to 
what damage; — refer- 
endum, for further con- 
sideration ; — rem, to 
the point. 

adresse (Fr. f.), address. 

h dro/te (Fr.), to the right. 

adscititious *, not asci-. 

adscrlptus glebas (Lat.), 
a serf. 

adsum (Lat.), I am pre- 

ad summum (Lat.), to 
the highest point. 

a due (It.), in two parts. 

adulator*, not -er. 

adj unguem (Lat.), per- 
fectly; — unum omnes, 
all, to a man ; — 
usum, according to cus- 

adv., adverb, adverbially, 

adv., adversus (against). 

ad valorem* (Lat.), accord- 
ing to value ; abbr. ad val. 

advancement *. 

adverb/, -ially, abbr. adv. 

ad verbum (Lat.), to a 
word, verbally. 

adversaria* (Lat. pi.), jot- 

adversus (Lat.), against ; 
abbr. adv, 

advertise*, not -ize. 

advertisement*, abbr. 
ad., or advt., pi. ads., 
or advts. ; in Fr. f. 

adj vitam aut culpam 
(Lat.), for Hfetime or until 
fault ; — Vivum, lifelike. 

advocate, abbr. adv. 

Advocates (Faculty 
of)*, the Bar of Scotland, 

advocatus diaboli (Lat.), 
an adverse critic(not itr.I. ). 

advt./, -S., advertisement, -s. 

JE, "third-class" ships in 
"Lloyd's Register." 

SB (ligature). The ligatures 
X, or, for single sounds 
are in England employed 
in Danish, English, 
French, Greek, Latin, and 
Old-English words. The 
separate letters ag, oe, 
should be used in new 
classical books, and in 
German (see also A', a). 

SBdile*, not e-. 

.^gean Sea, the eastern 
part of the Mediterranean. 

SBgis*, a shield, protection, 
not e-. 

aegrescitque medendo 
(Lat.),and he grows worse 
with the remedy. 

asgrotjat* (Lat.), he is ill ; 
pi. -ant, 

A.E.I.O.U., Austria Est 
Intperator Orbis Universi 
(Austria is the ruler of 
the whole earth). 



-ffineld*, not E-. 

aBolian*, not eo-. 

8BOn *, an age, not eon. 

SBpyornis (zool.), not epi-, 

asquales (Lat.), equal, 
equals ; abbr. £eq, 

wqu ant miter (Lat.), com- 

asquo animo (Lat.), with 
an equable mind. 

A.E.R.A., Associate En- 
graver Royal Academy. 

aer/ate*, etc., -ial*, -ie*, 
-ify*, -obic, -onaut*, 
not a6-. 

aeroplane*, a kite-like 

aery, ws^ aerie*. 

ass I allenum (Lat.), debt ; 
— triplex, a strong de- 




^sculapi/us *, -an*. 


aesthete*, etc., not e-. 

8estiv/al*, -ation*, not e-. 

S£t, orastat., anno sttatis sux 

(of age, aged). 
SBther, space-medium, use 

aetiology*, not e-. 
J&tTLB,, use Etna. 
A.-F., Anglo-French; 
A.F.A., Associate of the 
Faculty of Actuaries ; 
A.F.A.M., Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons ; 
A.P.B.S., American and 
Foreign Bible Society ; 
A.F.C.U., American and 
Foreign Christian Union. 
aff,, affirmative, affirming. 
affaire] d' amour (Fr. f.), 
love affair ; — de cosurf 
affair of the heart; — 
d'honneur, duel. 
afflcbje (Fr. f.), placard, 
* poster ; -^e, posted up. 
affidavit, abbr. aflFt. 
affiljS (Fr.), sharp; -/<«, 

affranchise*, not-ize. 
affreujxjem. -se, frightful. 
afft., affidavit. 
Afghanistan, abbr. Af- 
afield * (one word). 
afondl(Fr.), thoroughly; — 
— de train, at full speed. 
h forfait, by contract. 
a fortiori* (Lat.), with 
stronger reason, not a — 
(not ital.). 
Afr., Africa, -n. 
Afridi, race of Cent. Asia, 

not -eedee. 
afternoon, abbr. aft., or 

afterthought * (one word). 
Ag, argeniunt (silver). 
A.G. (Ger.), Aktiengesell- 
schaft (joint-stock com- 
A.-G., Adjutant -General, 
Agent-General (of Colo- 
nies), Attorney-General. 

agacerie (Fr. f.), allure- 
Agadah, ws^Haggadah*. 
agate*(Amer. ty p. ), a size of 
type as this, five and lialf point, 
about thirteen lines to the inch, 
h gauclie (Fr.), to the left, 
ageing*, not agi-. 
agend/um, a thing to be 

done ; pi. -a (not ital.). 
h genoux (Fr.), kneeling, 
agent, abbr. agt. 
Agent - General, abbr. 

ages (typ.), to be printed in 
figures; but "he died in 
his fortieth year." 
aggrandize*, not-ise. 
aggression, in Fr. f. 

agistor*, not -er. 
agitat/or*, not -er; /em. 

aglet*, not ai-. 
aglow* (one word). 
agneau (Fr. m.), lamb. 
Agnostic/*, -ism* (cap.), 
agonize*, «o/-ise. 
agouti*, not-y, aguti. 
agraffe*, a clasp ; in Fr. f. 

agrarianize *, not -ise. Fr.agrSable. 
agrSments (Fr. m.), com- 
agric, agriculture, -al, -ist. 
agriculturist*, «o/ -alist. 
A.G.S.S., American Geo- 
graphical and Statistical 
agt., agent. 

A.H., anno Hegirx{A.x>. 622), 
the Moham. era (s.caps.). 
ah, when it stands alone, 
takes a mark of exclama- 
tion (!). When it forms 
part of a sentence, it is 
usually followed by a 
comma, the ! being 
placed at the end of the 
sentence : as "Ah, no, it 
cannot be ! " 
aha, use ha-ha *. 
a liaute voix (Fr.), aloud. 

A.H.C.— A IiA 

A.H.C., Army Hospital 

a.b.L, ad huttc locum (on 

this passage). 

Ahmed/abad, -nagar, 
India, «o/ Ahmad-, Amed-. 

A.H.M.S., American Home 
Mission Society. 

AhrimaiijZoroastrian spirit 
of evil. 

A.H.S., anno humanx salutis 
(in the year of human 
salvation) (s.caps.). 

a.b.v,, ad hanc vocem (at 
this word). 

A.I., American Institute ; 
A. I., anno inventionis (in 
the year of the discovery) 
(s.caps.) ; A.I.A., Asso- 
ciate of the Institute of 
Actuaries, American In- 
stitute of Architecture ; 
A.I.C., Associate of the 
Institute of Chemistry. 

"Aida," opera by Verdi, 
1 87 1 (no diaeresis). 

aide (Ft. m.), assistant; 
(f.) help. 

aide - de - camp * abbr. 
A.D.C.;/'/.aidea . 

aide-memoire (Fr. m.), aid 
to memory ; pi. aides . 

A.I.G., Assistant-Inspec- 

aiglet, «s(f aglet*. 

aigrel'doux (Fr.), fem. — 
-douce, sour-sweet. 

aigrette*, a spray, «o/ ei-, 
-et {see also egret*). 

A.I.Q-.T., Association for 
the Improvement of Geo- 
metrical Teaching. 

Ailesbury (Marquess 
of) {see also Ayl-). 

aimable (Fr.), amiable. 

A.I.M.iB., Associate of the 
Institute of Mining En- 
gineers ; American Insti- 
tute of Mining Engineers. 

A. I. Mech. E., Associate 

. of the Institution of Me- 
chanical Engineers. 

ain]S{Fr.),/em. -ee, elder, 
senior; opposed to pufaS, 

fem. puinSe, or cadetj, 

'te, younger. 
Air (Point of), N. Wales 

{see also Ayre). 
air noble {Ft. m.), air of 

ait, use eyot*. 
Aix - la • Chapelle, pron. 

ax (hyphens). 

Aix-les-Bains (hyphens). 
a jamais (Fr.), for ever. 
Ajax, pi. Ajaxes. 
ajutage, use adj-*. 
A.K.C., Associateof King's 

College (London). 
Akestes, use Acestes. 
a-kimbo* (hyphen). 
Alckolade (Ger. typ.), a 

brace (cap.). 
Akkra, Upper Guinea, not 

Accra, Acra. 
Aktiengesellscbaft (Ger. 

f.), joint-stock company; 

abbr. A.Q. 
Al*, aluminium. 
a./. (Fr.), apres livraison', 

after delivery (of goods). 
A.Xj.A., American Library 

Ala., Alabama (oflf. abbr.). 
a 1* abandon {Ft.), uncared 

for, at random. 
h laj belle Stoile (Fr.), 

in the open air ; — — 

bonne beurel well and 

good ; campagne, 

in the country ; — — 

carte, as the bill of fare. 
Aladdin, not Alladin. 
a laj fran^aise (Fr.), in 

French style (not cap. ) ; — 

— grecque, — Greek — 
(not cap. ) ; — - bauteur 

de, on a level with ; 

lettre, literally ; 

main, at hand, ready ; — 

— mode*, in fashion ; h\ 
Vanglaise, in the English 
style (not cap.) ; — Van- 
tique, — antique style; 
h laj parisienne, in the 
Parisian style (not cap.) ; 

russe, — Russian 

style (not cap.). 


Alas.; Alaska. 

alas, when it stands alone, 
takes a mark of exclama- 
tion (!). When it forms 
part of a sentence, to 
be followed by a comma, 
the ! being placed at the 
end of the sentence : as, 
"Alas, it is true !" 

Alb., Albanian. 

Alban., signature of Bp. of 
St. Albans (full point). 

albatross*, not -os. 

Albert note, 6 x sVa in. ; 
envelopes 4^/4 x 3^/4 in. 

Albin (A.), 1848-, chess 

albin/o*, pL -os*, /em. 
-ess*, -ism*, «o/-oism. 

Albrighton, Salop. 

Alb Sunday, first after 
Easter (caps.). 

album/*, scrapbook ; pi. 

album/en*, natural white 
of egg; -in*, its chief con- 
stituent; adj. -inous*. 

Albury, Surrey. 

AlcsBUS of Mytilene. 

alcayde*, a governor, not 
-ade, -aide ; in Sp. al- 

Aleestis, not Alk-. 

Alcibiades, not Alk-. 

alcoholize*, «o^ -ise. 

Alcoran, use Koran *. 

Alcyone, pron. al-sy'o-nS. 

Aldborough, Norfolk, 

Aldbrough, Yorks. 

Aldbury, Hereford. 

Aldeburgh, Suffolk. 

Alderbury, Wilts. 

Alderman, abbr. Aid. 

Alderney, Channel Isles. 

Alds"Worth, Gloucester. 

Aldus Manutius, see 

Aldworth, Berks. 

Alectryon (myth.), pron. 

ale-house * (hyphen). 

Alembert, see d*Al-. 

Alencon lace (c). 

k Vespagnole (Fr.), in 

Spanish fashion (not cap.). 
Ale the a. 
Aleutian Isles, Bering 

Alex., Alexander. 
a rextSrieur (Fr.), on the 

Alford, Aberdeen, Lines. 
Alfred, abbr. A., or Alf. 
alfresco* (one word, not 

Alg., Algernon, Algiers, 
alg/a* (bot.), pi. -SB* (not 

ital.). ' 
algebra, abbr. alg. {set also 

algology* (bot.). 
Algonkin (U.S.A.), not 

alia (Lat.), other things. 
alias]* (Lat.), otherwise; 

pi. -es. 
alibi/*, elsewhere ; pi. -s. 
alienator*, not -er. 
alieni appetens (Lat.), 

greedy of another's pos- 
Aligarh, N.W. India. 
Alighieri, family name of 

align, use aline *. 
alii (Lat.), other people, 
alimentativeness*, not 

Ali Messjid, Afghanistan, 
aline/*, -ment*, «o/ align. 
alinSa (Fr. m.), paragraph. 
k r intSrieur {FT.),indooTs. 
alio intuitu (Lat.), from 

another point of view. 
Alipur, India. 
aliquid (Lat.), something, 

alii US (Lat.), another per- 
son ; pi. -/. 
Ali^wal, Punjab, also S. 

alkali/*, //. -s*. 
alkalize*, «o/-ise. 
Alkestis, use Ale-. 
Alkoran, use Koran*. 
Alladin, use Aladdin. 
Allahabad, N.W. India. 


Allan-a-Dale, minstrel 

alia Ventura (It.), at a 

allSe (Fr. f.), alley, avenue. 

Allegany, Pennsylvania. 


Alleghany, mountains and 
river, U.S.A. But Alle- 
gheny City. 

allegorize*, «o/-ise. 

Alleluia *, more usually 

Allen V. Flood, trade 
union case. 

Allendale, Northumb. 

alleviator *, not -er. 

allez vous en! (Fr.), be- 
gone ! (no hyphen). 

All Fools* Day* (caps., no 

All-Hallows, All Saints' 
Day, I Nov. (caps., hy- 

AllhaUows, near Roches- 
ter (one word). 

allineation*. Ko/alin-. 

alliterator*, not -er. 

allonge (Fr. typ. f.), a fly- 

allonsl (Fr.), let us go, 
come ! 

allonym*, a pseudonym. 

allot/*, -table*, -ted*, 

air ottava (mus.), an 
octave higher than 
written ; abbr. all* Ott 

all right, not alright, all- 

all round* (" all round the 
Wrekin ")• 

all-round* ("an all-round 

AU/ Saints* Day*, i Nov.; 
— Souls College, Ox- 
ford (no ^os.) ; — Souls* 
Day *, 2 Nov. ; — Souls* 
Eve*, I Nov. (caps., 
no hyphens), 
allspice* (one word). 

all together* (in a body) ; 
but altogether* (en- 

alluvi/um*, pi. -a*. 
Alma Mater*, fostering 

mother, one's university, 
almanac*, but "Oxford,** 

also «Whitaker*s,** Al- 
Alma Tadema (Sir 

Lawrence), 1836-1912, 

painter ; — (Miss 

Laurence), writer. 
Almighty (the) (cap.). 
Almondbury, Yorks ; 

proH. am'b6-r6. 
Almondsbury, Glos. 
Alnmouth, Northumb. 

pron. an'ik {see also 

A.L.O.E., A Lady of 

England (Charlotte M. 

Tucker, 1821-93). 
alouette (Fr. f.), lark 
^ (bird). 
a Voutrance should be h 

outrance, to the utmost, 

to the death. 
aloyau (Fr. m.), sirloin of 

Alpes-Maritimes, dep. 

Alphaeus, Apostle James's 

Alpheus River. 
Alresford, Essex, Hants. 
A.L.S. *, Associate of the 

Linnean Society ; auto- 
graph letter signed, 
alt., alternate, altitude. 
Alt,, Altesse (Highness). 
Alta., Alberta, Canada. 
Altenburg, Saxe-Alten- 

burg, Bavaria, Hungary, 

alter] ego (Lat.), one's 

second self; — idem, 

another self. 
Altesse (Fr. £), Highness; 

abbr. Alt. 
Altezza (It.), Highness. 
Althorpe, Lines. 
Althorp Library and 

Park (Northants). 
altitude, abbr. alt. 
alto/* (mus. ),/>/. -s; abbr. A. 


alto-rilievo/, pi. -s (not 

altruize*, not -ise. 

aluminium *, symbol Al *. 

alumn}us*i pi. -/*, /em. 
-a, pi. -ie; abbr. alum, 

Aiwa, Bombay. 

Alwar, Rajpootana. 

A.M.*, Artium Magtster 
(Master oi PLVis); Ave Ma- 
ria (Hail Mary !) (caps.). 

A.M.*, anno tnundi (in 
the year of the world) 

a.ra. *, anie nteridiem (be- 
fore noon) (lower case). 

am.all * (Ind.), wet-nurse. 

Araalek, not -ech, -eck. 

amantjf a lover, pi. -s ;fem. 
-e, pi. -es. 

amantiutn irss (Lat), 
lovers' quarrels. 

amanuens/is*, pi. -es*. 

amarJ aiiquid (Lat.), 
something bitter. 

amateur, abbr. A. 

a maximis ad minima 
(Lat.), from the greatest 
to the smallest. 

Amballa, India, not Um-. 

Am.bo3nia*, «o/-ina. 

A.M.D., Army Medical 

amej damnSe (Fr.), a 
"cat's paw"; — deboue, 
a base, ungenerous spirit. 

Amednagar, N.W. India, 
use Alim.ed-. 

Ameer*, not Amir, Emir. 

amende honorable (Fr. 
f.), honourable repara- 

a mensa et toro (Lat.), 
from bed and board, not 

ame perdue (Fr.), a des- 
perate character. 

Amer., America, -n. 

Americanize*, wo/ -ise. 

a merveille (Fr.), per- 
fectly, wonderfully. 

A.M.I. C.E., see Assoc. M. 

amicus curias (Lat.), a 

friend of the Court, a dis* 
interested adviser. 

A.M.I.H.E., Associate 
Member of the Institution 
of Electrical Engineers. 

A. M. I. Mech. £., Associ- 
ate Member of the Institu- 
tion of Mechanical Engi- 

Am/ir, use -eer *. 

Ammergau, Bavaria. 

ammeter * (elec. \ formerly 

amo8b/a, pi. -ae (not itaL). 

a moitiS (Fr.), half. 

amorl patriae {Lsit.)j\ovGoi 
one s country ; — sceler- 
atus habendi, accursed 
love of possessing. 

amour-propre * (not ital.). 

Ampere (A. M.), 1775- 
1836, electrician (accent). 

amper/e, -age, elec. unit 
(no accent) ; abbr. amp. 

ampersand* = &, may be 
used in names of firms 
as Smith & Co., but not 
at the beginning or end 
of lines; etc. preferred 
to &c. 

amphibi/um *,/)/. -a*. 

amphor/a*, ajar; pi. -ae*. 

Amritsar, India, not Um- 

amuck*, «o/-ock, -ok,-uk. 

Amur, Siberia, not -oor. 

an, not a, before all words 
beginning with a vowel 
(not having the sound of 
w, wh, or y), silent h, or 
aspirated h when the ac- 
cent is not upon the first 
syllable of the word, as : 
an harmonious, an heir, 
-loom, an heraldic, an 
hereditary, an heroic, an 
historian, an historical, an 
honest, an honour, -able, 
an horizontal, an hotel, 
an hour, -glass. {See also 
** a, not an,'*) 

A.-K"., Anglo-Norman. 

ana * , sayings. 

anabaptize*, «o/-ise. 


anacoluth/on* (gram.), />/. 
-a*, «o/ -outhon, -kolou- 
thon, -luthon. 

Anacr., Anacreon, -tic. 


anaesthetize*, «o^ -ise. 

anal., analogy, -ous, 
analyse, -r,-is,analytic,-al. 

analogous, abbr. anal. 

analogy, abbr. anal. 

analys/e*, -er* -is*, pi. 
-es; abbr. anal. 

analjrtie/, -al ; abbr. anal. 

Anam, Siam, not Ann-. 

anamorphos/is*, pi. -es. 

anapaest*, a reversed dac- 
tyl, not -pest. 

anastomos/is*, pi. -es*. 

anat., anatomy, -ical, -ist. 

anathematize*, not -ise. 

anatomize*, «o/-ise. 

anatom/y, -leal, -ist ; 
abbr. anat. 

anatta* (bot.), Ko/amotto. 

ancestress*, «o^-trix. 

anchorite*, not -et. 

anchylosis *, not ank-. 

ancienne noblesse (Fr. 
f.), the old nobility. 

ancien regime (Fr. m.), 
the old order of things. 

ancient, abbr. anc. 

" Ancient Mariner ' * 
(Rime of the), by S. T. 
Coleridge, 1798. 

Ancient Order of 
Druids, abbr. A.O.D. ; 
ditto Foresters, A.O.F.; 
ditto Hibernians, 


ancle, use ankle *. 

and (gram.), when and]o\ns 
two or more subjects in 
the singular number the 
verb must be in the pi., as 
Jack and Gill are going. 
Where and joins two 
single words the comma is 
generally omitted. 

*«and**or««, and" The late 
Herbert Spencer allowed 
me to quote from his 
letter : — " whether to 
write 'black, white, and 

green,* with the comma 
after white, or to leave out 
the comma and write 
'black, white and green' 
— I very positively de- 
cide in favour of the first. 
To me the comma is of 
value as marking out the 
component elements of a 
thought, and where any 
set of components of a 
thought are of equal value, 
they should be punctuated 
in printing and in speech 
equally. Evidently there- 
fore in this case, inasmuch 
as when enumerating 
these colours black, white, 
and green, the white is 
just as much to be 
emphasized as the other 
two, it needs the pause 
after it just as much as the 
black does." 

and, see also ampersand. 

75, writer of fairy tales. 

Andrea del Sarto, 1486- 
1531, It. painter. 

•*Andria,**play by Terence. 

Androcles, not -kles. 

Attfangsbucbstabe (Ger. 
typ. m.), initial letter. 

n.), quotation marks. 

Angelico (Fra), 1387- 
1455, It. painter. 

anglais I (Fr.), /ent. -e, 
English (not cap.). 

angle, the sign Z ; angle 
between two lines A ; 
right angle L ; two right 
angles _L. 

Anglesea, Wales, not -ey. 

Anglesey (Marquess of). 

anglice, in English (no 
accent) ; abbr. angl. 

anglicize*, not -ise (not 

Anglo/-French, abbr. 
A.-F. ; — -Norman, 

abbr. A.-N. ; • Saxon, 

abbr. A.-S. 

Angouleme, dep. France. 



chemist ; pron. Ong'strom. 
anguis in berba (Lat.), 

snake in the grass, 
animalcule/*,/)/. -s, not-se. 
animalculjum, pi. -a *. 
ankle*, not anc-. 
Anmerkungen (Ger. f.), 

notes (cap.) ; abbr. Antn. 
ann., annales, annals, anni 

(years), annual, 
anna/*, i6 to rupee; pi. -s. 
annales {Fr. pi. f.), annals; 

abbr. ann. 
annals, abbr. ann. 
Ann Arbor, U.S.A. 
"Anne of Geierstein,'* 

by Sir W. Scott, 1829. 
Anne (Queen), 1665-1714. 
Anne (Saint). 
annoj (Lat.), in the year, 

abbr. ann, ; — astatis 

suaSf aged, abbr. ast,, or 

astat ; — Domini (cap. 
_ Z)),abbr. A.D.(s.caps.),to 

be placed 6^;fer^ the figures; 

— bumanas salutis, 
in the year of human 
salvation, abbr. A.H.S. ; 

— tnundi, in the year 
of the world, abbr. A.M. 
(s.caps.); —post Cbris- 
tum natum, in the year 
after the birth of Christ, 
abbr. A.P.C.N. (s.caps.) ; 

— post Romam con- 
ditam, in the year after 
the building of Rome, 
754 B.C., abbr. A.P.R.C. 
(s.caps.) ; — salutis, in 
the year of salvation, 
abbr. A.S. (s.caps.). 

annos vixit (Lat.), he, or 
she, lived so many years; 
abbr. a,v, 

annotat/ed*, -or*, not-er; 
abbr. annot. 

annoyed by complaints 
means if they should be 
made ; annoyed with — , 
that they are made. 

annual, abbr. ann. 

Annunciation Day, 25 

annjas (Lat.), year ; pi. -/. 

anonymous, abbr. anon. 

answer, abbr. ans. 

answers (typ. ), commence 
a new paragraph in print- 
ing legal work ; in official 
work (committees and 
commissions) they follow 
after an era dash in same 

Ant., Anthony, Antigua. 

ant., antonym. 


antagonize*, not -ise. 

Antarctic regions. 

antel (Lat.), before ; — bel- 
lum, before the war. 

antechamber*, «o/anti-. 

ante diem (Lat.), before 
the day; abbr. a.d, 

antediluvian *, 

antefix/ (arch.), pL -es. 

antej litem motam (Lat. ), 
before litigation com- 
menced; — lucem, before 
the light. 

antemeridian * (one 

ante meridiem (Lat.), be- 
fore noon ; abbr. a.m. 

antenn/a* (zool.),/>/. -se*. 

ante- room* (hyphen). 

Anthony, abbr. Ant. 

anthropolog/y, -ieal ; 
abbr. anthrop. 

anthropomorphize*, not 

anthropophag/us*, pl.-i*, 

anticline* (geol.). 

Antigua, abbr. Ant. 

antimony*, symbol Sb*. 

antipathize *, not -ise. 

antiq., antiquary, -ian. 

antiqs., antiquities. 

Antigua (Ger. typ. f.), ro- 
man type (cap.). 

antisabbatarian * (one 

Anti-Semite (caps., hy- 


antistrophon*, a retort. 


antithes/is*, pi. -es*. 



antithesize *, not -ise. 

anti-tobaceoist, not -nist. 

antitype *, not ante-. 

antonym*, a word of oppo- 
site meaning ; abbr. ant. 

Anvers, Seine-et-Oise, Fr. 

Anvers, Fr. for Antwerp. 

Anverse, Maine-et-Loire, 

Anwick, Lines {see also 

anybody*, any person. 

any body*, any number of 

anyhow* (one word). 

anyone* (any person). 

any one* (of a collection). 

any/thing *, -where * (one 

Anzeige] (Ger. f.), notice, 
advertisement ; pi. -n, 

A.O., Army Order ; A.O.C., 
— Ordnance Corps ; 
A.O.D., — Ordnance De- 
partment, Ancient Order 
of Druids ; A.O.P., ditto 
Foresters ; A.O.H., ditto 
Hibernians ; A.O.S., ditto 

aorist, abbr. aor. 

aort/a* (anat), pi. -ae. 

A.O.S.E., American Order 
of Stationary Engineers. 

A.O.S.S., Americanx Ori- 
tntalis Societatis Socius 
(Fellow of the American 
Oriental Society). 

A.O.tT., American Ornith- 
ologists' Union. 

aoiit (Fr. m.), August (not 

a outrance (Fr.), to the 
bitterend, wo/al'outrance. 

A.P., Associated Presby- 
terian ; a.p., above proof, 
author'sproof ; Ap., Apos- 
tle ; A.P.A., American 
Protestant Association. 

Apache, U.S.A. 

apanage*, wo/app-. 

apart (Fr.), apart. 

apartment, in Fr. m. ap- 

A.P.C.N., anno post Christutn 

nattim (in the year after 
the birth of Christ). 

ap/e*, -ed*, -ing*, -ish*. 

A.P.D., Army Pay Depart- 

Apennines, Italy (three 

aperqu (Fr. m.), outline (f\ 

k peu de frais (Fr.), at 
cost ; apeuprds, nearly. 

apex/*, pi. -es*. 


aphorize *, not -ise. 

aphthong*, a mute letter. 

k pied (Fr.), on foot. 

a plaisir (Fr.), at pleasure. 

aplanatic* (optics), with- 
out error. 

aplomb*, self-possession. 

Apocalypse*, abbr. Apoc. 

Apocrypha* (cap. A); 
abbr. Apocr. (for abbr. of 
books see under names). 

apodictic*, not -deictic. 

apogee* (astr.), abbr. apog. 

Apollo Belvedere, not — 

apologize*, not -ise. 

apophthegm*, not apoth-. 

apostasy *, not -cy. 

apostatize*, not -ise. 

a posteriori * not a — (not 

Apostle, abbr. Ap.,/>/. App . 

Apostles* Creed (caps.). 

Apostropbj (Ger. m.), apos- 
trophe; pi. -en (cap.). 

apostrophe, see posses- 
sive case, punctua- 
tion II, quotations. 

apostrophize *, not -ise. 

apothecaries weight, 
signs : f7i minim ; ^ scru- 
ple ; 3 drachm ; | ounce ; 
lb. pound. Quantities 
in lower-case letters : if 
quantity ends with i, final 
I becomes/, as vij = 7. 

apothegm, use apo- 
phthegm *. 

apotheos/is *, pi. -es. 

App., Apostles. 

app., appendix. 

appal/*, -led*, -ling*. 



Appalachian Mts., E. 
North America. 

appanage, use apa-*. 

apparatus*, sing, and pL, 
not -i (a useful synonym 
" appliances"). 

apparel/*, -led*, -ling*. 

apparitor* not -en 

appartement (Fr. m.), 

appeasement*, «o^sment. 

append/ix, abbr. app. ; 
general pL -ixes*, zool. 
pi. -ices *, abbr. apps. 

appetize*, not -ise. 

applIqujS* (Ft.), /em. -Se ; 

appreciator*, not -er. 

apprentice, abbr, appr. 

apprise * (to inform). 

apprize* (to value). 

appro., approbation. 

approver* (law). 

approximat/e, -ely, -ion; 
abbr. approx. 

A.P.R.C., anno post Romant 
conditam (in the year after 
the building of Rome, 754 
B.C.) (s.caps.). 

apr^s] (Fr.), after, what 
next ? — coup, too late ; 
— livraison, after de- 
livery (of goods), abbr. 

a./. ; tnidif afternoon 

(hyphen) ; — moi {or 
nous) le dSIuge, after 
me (or us) the deluge. 

April (typ.), not to be ab- 
breviated; in Fr. avrH 
(not cap.). 

a prima vista (It.), at first 

a primo (Lat.), from the 
first ; a principiOy from 
the beginning; a priori*, 
deductively, not a — (not 

h propos usual, but apro- 
pos*; h propos de 
bottes (Fr.), beside the 

A.P.S., Aborigines Pro- 
tection Society, American 
Peace Society, American 

Protestant Society, Asso- 
ciate of the Pharmaceu- 
tical Society. 

apse* (arch.), pi. apses*. 

apsis* {sLstr.),pl. apsides*, 
pron. ap-sT'des. 

A.P.U.C., Association for 
PromotingUnity of Christ- 

apud (Lat.), according to, in 
the work, or works, of. 

aq., aqua (water). 

A.Q.C., Associate of 
Queen'sCollege (London^ 

A.Q.M.G., Assistant-Quar- 

aquarium/*, pi. -s*. 

a quatre mains (Fr. mus.), 
for two performers. 

A.R., anno regni (in the year 
of the reign) (s.caps.). 

A.K.A., Associate of the 
Royal Academy, London. 

Arabi/a, -an, -c; abbr. 

•'Arabian N"ights*Enter- 
tainments (The).»» 

arable numerals, figures 
used in ordinary computa- 
tion, as I, 2, 3 (not cap.). 

arach:, arachnology. 

araeostyle* (arch.). 

Aragon, not Arr-. 

A.R.A.M., Associate of the 
Royal Academy of Music. 

Aramaic*, Semitic dialect ; 
abbr. Aram. 

arbiter elegantiarum 
(Lat.), a judge of taste. 

arboriculture, abbr. ar- 

arc *, sign ^. 

Arcades ambo (Lat.), two 
with like tastes. 

A.R.C.E., Academical 

Rank of Civil Engineer. 

arc-en-ciel (Fr. m.), rain- 
bow ; pi. arcs . 

Arch., Archibald. 

arch., archaic, -ism, 
archery, archipelago, 
architect, -ural, -ure. 

arch8Bolog/y *, -leal * ; 
abbr. archsBol. 



archangel* (one word). 

Archbishop, abbr. Abp. 

Archd., Archdeacon, Arch- 

archetype*, «o/archi-. 

archidiaconal*, not ar- 

archipelago/*, pi. -s*; 
abbr. arch. 

architect/, -ural, -ure; 
abbr. arch. 

arcking, not arc-. 

A.R.C.M., Associate of the 
Royal College of Music ; 
A.R.C.O., ditto Organ- 
ists ; A.R.C.S., ditto 

Arctic regions (cap. A). 

Ardleigh, near Colchester. 

Ardley, near Bicester. 

A.R.E., Associate of the 
Royal Society of Painter- 

k reculons (Fr.), back- 

aren't (typ.), to be close 

areol/a*, a small area; pi. 
-ae* (not ital.). 

Arequipa, S. Amer. 

k rez de cbaussee (Fr.), 
on the ground floor. 

argel, a shrub, not -hel. 

argent comptant (Ft. m.), 
ready money. 

argentum, silver, symbol 
Ag (no point). 

argot*, slang (not ital.). 

argumentum adj cru- 
tnenam, argument to the 

purse ; boc, — for 

this (purpose) ; bo- 

minettty — to the man's 
interests ; — — igno- 
rantianif — based on the 
adversary's ignorance ; — 

— invidiam, — to men's 
hatreds or prejudices ; — 
— rem, — to the purpose ; 

— — verecundiam, 
appeal to modesty; ar- 
gumentum baculinum 
(Lat.), argument of the 
stick, club-law. 

Argyle/ (Minnesota); — 
Place, W.C. ; — Road, 
E. and N.E. ; — Square, 
W.C.;— Street, W.C. 

Argyll/ and the Isles 
(Bp. of) ; — (Duke of ; 
— Place, W. ; — Road, 
W. ; — Street, W. 

Argyllshire, abbr. Argyl. 

A.R.H.A., Associate of the 
Royal Hibernian Acad- 
emy; A.R.I.B.A., ditto 
Royal Institute of British 

Arian* (theol.), a follower 
of Arius. 

Ariege, France. 

Aristotelean*, not -ian. 

arithmetic/, -al, -ian ; 
abbr. arith. 

Ariz., Arizona (oflf.abbr.). 

Ark., Arkansas (oflf. abbr.). 

ark of the Covenant* 
(cap. C only). 

Arlay, dep. Jura, France. 

Arle, Glos. 

Aries, dep. Bouches-du- 
Rh6ne, France. 

arles* (Sc), an earnest. 

Arm., Armenia©, Armoric 

armadillo/ *, pi. -s *. 

arm-chair * (hyphen). 

Armenian*, of Armenia. 

armes blancbes (Fr.), side 
arms — bayonet, sabre,' or 

armful/*, pi. -s. 

Arminians, followers of 

armourer-serjeant, abbr. 

Army (Navy and), in 
toasts, etc., the Navy be- 
ing the senior service is 
placed first. 

Army/ Hospital Corps, 
A.BL.C. ; — Medical 
Department, A.M.D. ; 
Staff, A.M.S. ; 

— Nursing Service, 
A.N.S.;— Order, A.O.; 

— Ordnance Corps, 
A.O.C. ; Depart- 
ment, A.O.D.; — Pay 


ARMY — A.S.C.E.A. 

Department, A.P.D. ; 
Army/ Service Corps, 
A.S.C. ; — Veterinary- 
Department, A.V.D. 

Arnold- Porster (H. O.), 
1 855- 1 909, statesman (hy- 

arnotto, use anatta *. 

Arola, Piedmont. 

AroUa, Switzerland. 

Arolo, Lombardy. 

aroma/*, pi. -s. 

Aroostook, Canada. 

A.R.P., Associated Re- 
formed Presbyterian. 

arquebus, use har-*. 

A.R.R., anno regni Regis or 
Reginse (in the year of the 
King's or Queen's reign) 
(3. caps.). 

arr., arranged, arrive, -ed, 
-es, -als. 

arrectis auribus (Lat.), 
with ears erect. 

arrlerel 'garde (Fr. f.), 
rearguard ; — -pensSe, 
a mental reservation, 
pi. -S. 

arriv/e, -ed, -es, -als; 
abbr. arr. 

*• Arrows of the Chace," 
by Ruskin, not Chase. 

A.R.S.A., Associate of the 
Royal Scottish Academy, 
Associate of the Royal 
Society of Arts. 

arsenic*, symbol As *. 

ars est celare artem 
(Lat.), the art is to conceal 

A.II.S.Xj., Associate of the 
Royal Society of Litera- 
ture ; A.R.S.M., ditto 
School of Mines {now 
Royal College of Science). 

art., article, artificial, ar- 
tillery, artist. 

** Artemis Prologizes**, 
by R. Browning. 

Arthez, dep. Basses- Py- 

Arthies,dep. Seine-et-Oise. 

arthropod/*, pi. -s*, Lat. 
pi. -a*. 

articbaut (Fr. m.), arti- 

article, abbr. art. 

article de fond (Fr. m ), 
newspaper leading article. 

articles of roup (Sc. law), 
conditions of sale. 

articles (titles of), when 
cited, to be roman double- 

artificial, abbr. art. 

artificialize*, Mo^-ise. 

artillery, abbr. A., or 

artisan *, not -zan. 

artist*, " one who practises, 
or is skilled in any art " 
(O.E.D.) ; abbr. art. 

artiste*, "a public per- 
former who appeals to the 
sesthetic faculties, also one 
who makes a 'fineart' of his 
employment" (O.E.D.). 
Use artist (not ital.). 

artist's proof, see proofs 
of engravings. 

A.R.TJ., American Railway 

Arundel (Earl of). 

Arundell of "Wardour 

Arva, Cavan, not Arvagh. 

A.R."W.S., Associate of 
the Royal Water-Colour 

Aryan*, Indo-European, 
not -ian. 

A.S., Academy of Science; 

A.-S., Anglo-Saxon. 

A.S., anno salutis (in the 
year of salvation) (s.caps.). 

As., Asia, -n, -tic. 

As*, arsenic. 

A.S.A., American Statis- 
tical Association. 

asafoetida*, not ass-. 

Asbjornsen (P. C), 1812- 
85, Norwegian writer. 

A.S.C, Army Service 
Corps; A.Sc, Associate 
in Science ; A.S.C.E.A., 
American Society of Civil 
Engineers and Architects. 
17 2 


aseendan/ce *, -cy*, -t*, 
not -ence, -cy, -t. 

Ascension Day (caps., 
two words). 

uscititions, use adsei-*. 

Asclepiad*, mo/ Ask-. 

A.S.E., Amalgamated So- 
ciety of Engineers. 

"as follows: — ** (colon, 
dash only before new 

A.S.G.B., Aeronautical So- 
ciety of Great Britain. 

Ashanti, W. Afr., not -ee. 

Ashby - de - la - Zouch, 
Leicester (hyphens). 

ashlar* (arch.), not -er. 

ashore* (one word). 

ash-pit* (hyphen). 

Ash-Wecbiesday (hyp.). 

Asia/, -n, -tic, abbr. As. 

as in prxsenti (Lat.), a 
tnentoria technica of rudi- 

of Mechanical Engineers. 

Asnidres, Paris suburb ; 
pron. an'gair. 

Asola, Lombardy ; pron. 

Asolo, Venetia ; pron. 

A.S.P., Astronomical So- 
ciety of the Pacific; Fr. 
accepte sous protet (ac- 
cepted under protest). 

A.S.P.C.A., American So- 
ciety for Prevention of 
Cruelty to Animals. 

asper*, Gr. breathing ('). 

asperge (Fr.f.), asparagus. 

asperges *, holy - water 

asphalt*, not -e. 

aspic*, apoisonousserpent, 
the great lavender, a 
savoury jelly, a piece of 
light ordnance. 

A.S.R.S., Amalgamated So- 
ciety of Railway Servants. 

assatbetida, use asa-*. 

assagai*, not asse-, basse-. 

assai/lant, in Fr.m. -Ilant 


assault-at-arms (not of). 
Ass.- Com.- Gen., Assist- 
assegai, use assagai*. 
Assemblies, National 

and Federal : — 

America, U.S.A. — Con- 
gress (Senate and House 
of Representatives). 

Australia : each Colony 
and the Common- 
wealth — Legislative 
Council and Legisla- 
tive Assembly. 

Austria — Reichsrat (Up- 
per and Lower House). 

Belgium — Senate and 
Chamber of Represent- 

Brazil — General Assem- 
bly (Senate and Cham- 
ber of Deputies). 

Bulgaria — Sobranje. 

Canada — Parliament 
(Senate and House of 

China — The Grand Cab- 
inet, Grand Secretariat, 
and the seven Boards. 

Denmark — Rigsdag 
(Landsting and Folke- 

France — Senate and 

Chamber of Deputies. 

Germany — Reichstag and 
Bundesrat ; Landtag 
(Prussia and other 

Great Britain — Parlia- 
ment (House of Lords, 
House of Commons'). 

Greece — House of Re- 
presentatives and the 

Holland — Staats-General 
(First Chamber, Second 

Hungary — Reichstag 
(House of Magnates, 
House of Represent- 

Japan — Imperial Diet 
(consisting of two 



Assemblies, INTational 
and Federal {cont.) : — 
Norway — Storthing( Lag- 
thing and Odelsthing). 
I'ortugal — Cortes (House 
of Peers, House of Dep- 
Russia — Council of the 

Empire and Senate. 
Servia — Skuptschina. 
Spain— Cortes (Senate 
and Chamber of Dep- 
Sweden — Staatsrad and 

Switzerland — Federal As- 
sembly (Standerat and 

Assembly (Churches of 
Scotland) (cap. A). 

assenter* in law -or*. 

asserter *, one who asserts. 

assertor*, an advocate. 

assess/able*, -or*. 

asseir /»/e/i( Fr. ), fairly well. 

assiettesi {Fr. cook. pi. f.), 
plates ; — volantes, small 

assignor*, "correlative 
with assignee " (O.E.D.). 

Assiniboia, Canada, not 

assistant, abbr. asst. 

assist/er*, in law -or*. 

assizer*, not -ser, -sor, -zor. 

assizes* (law), pi. form 

assoc, associate, -ion; 
Assoc.Inst.C.E., Asso- 
ciate of the Institution of 
Civil Engineers ; Assoc. 
M.Inst. C.E., Associate 
Member; ditto (ofBc. 
abbrs.) ; Assoc.Sc, As- 
sociate in Science. 

asst., assistant. 

A.S.S.U., American Sun- 
day School Union. 

assuager*, not -or. 

Assuan, Egypt, not the 
many variations. 

assurance*, "the present 
usage is to differentiate 
life assurance, and fire 

and marine insurance'' 

assurer*, "he who, or that 
which, gives assurance " 

assuror*, " an under- 
writer" (O.E.D.). 

Assyr., Assyrian. 

assythment* (Sc. law), 
action for damages. 

a-starboard (hyphen). 

asterisk, in this work sig- 
nifies spelling used in 
the "Oxford English 
Dictionary"; in college 
lists of members, de- 
ceased ; at end of news- 
paper advts., paid ; in 
R.C. Church books di- 
vides each verse into 

•' two parts, and marks the 
responses ; (typ.) in sig- 
natures, the cancels, cut- 
offs, or third pages. 

Asti, It. red wine. 

astonied * (Bib.), be- 

astr., astronomy, -er. 

Astrabad, Persia. 

Astrakhan*, not -chan. 

astrol., astrology, -er. 

Astronomer Royal 

(caps., no hyphen). 

astronomy, abbr. astr.; 

— planetary signs : 
Sun, O ; Moon, new, ^ ; 
Moon, first quarter, ]) ; 
Moon, full, O ; Moon, last 
quarter, C ; Mercury, ^ ; 
Venus, $ ; Earth, ; 
Mars, (J ; Jupiter, 1/ ; 
Saturn, Pj » Uranus, ^ ; 
Neptune, ^ ; asteroids in 
order of discovery, Q, (2) 
@, etc.; fixed star, :<(', 
or% ; conjunction, (j ; op- ' 
position, § ; ascending 
node, S3; descending node, 


— zodiacal signs : 
Aries, T ; Taurus, Q ; 
Gemini, n ; Cancer, © ; 

19 2* 


astronomy (cont). 

Leo, £1 ; Virgo, llj^ ; 
Libra, il ; Scorpio, TT^ ; 
Sagittarius, $ ; Capri- 
cornus, V^ ; Aquarius, xci. ; 
Pisces, 7^ . 

Asturias, Spain, not to 
be preceded by "the." 

A.T. (Ger.), Altes Testa- 
ment (the Old — ). 

at., atomic. 

Atahualpa, the last Inca. 

atar, use attar*. 

AtchiiijSumatra, ms^ Ach-. 

atelier*, studio (not ital.). 

Athabasca, Canada ; abbr. 

a'thegither (Scotscolloq.). 

atheize *, not -ise. 

Atheling*, «o/Aeth-. 

AthenaBum *. 

Athol, Canada, New Zea- 

AthoU (Duke of). 

Atl., Atlantic. 

Atlas* (arch.), pi. At- 

atonable *, not -eable. 

k tort et a travers (Fr.), 
at random. 

k tout] prendre (Fr.), on 

the whole; priXy 

at any price. 

atra Ciira(Lat.), black care. 

a travers (Fr.), across. 

A.T.S., American Temper- 
ance Society, American 
Tract Society, Associate 
of Theological Study. 

ats. (law), at suit of. 

attache/*, pi. -s (not ital.). 

attainer*, not -or. 

attar* (as of roses), not 
atar, otto, ottar. 

Att.-Gen., Attorney-Gen- 
' Attic salt*, delicate wit 
(cap. A). 

attitudinize*, not -ise. 

attorn* (law), to transfer. 

attorney, abbr. atty. 

Attorney- G-eneral, abbr. 
A.-G., or Att.-Gen. 

attractor*, not -er. 

Atw^ood's machine (phy- 
sics), not Att-. 

at. "wt., atomic weight. 

Au, aurunt (gold). 

A.IJ.A., American Unit- 
arian Association. 

auberge* (Fr. f.), an inn ; 
aubergiste* (m. or fc), 

Aubigne, dep. Deux- 

Aubigny, dep. Nord. 

A.U.C., anno urbis condiias (in 
[the year from] the build- 
ing of the city [Rome] in 
754 B.C.) (s.caps.). 

Auciinashellach, Ross- 
shire, use Ach-. 

auj contralre {Fr.), on the 
contrary; — cottrantde, 
fully acquainted with ; — 
disespoir, in despair. 

audi alteram partem 
(Lat.), hear the other 

Auditor-General, abbr. 

au fait* (Fr.), thoroughly 
conversant with. 

Auflagej (Ger.f.), an unal- 
tered edition ; pi. -II (cap. ), 

au fond (Fr.), at the bot- 

Aug., August 

aug., augmentative. 

Augean* (cap.). 

aught*, anything {see also 

auj grand serieux (Fr. ) , in 
all seriousness ; — gra- 
tiUy with grated bread or 

August, abbr. Aug. 

Auld lang syne. 

Auldlleekie*,01d Smoky, 
that is Edinburgh. 

«*Auld Robin Gray" 
(Sc. ballad, 1772). 

Aumale (due d*). 

auj mieux (Fr.), very in- 
timate; — nature!, in 
its natural state. 

auntie*, not -y. 



aujpied de la lettre (Fr.), 

literally; — pis aller, 

should the worst come 

to the worst. 
au prix co&tant (Fr.), at 

prime cost. 
aurea mediocritas (Lat.), 

the golden mean. 
aureole*, a saint's " glory." 
au teste (Fr.), besides. 
au revoir (Fr.), till I see 

you again (not ital.). 
auri sacra fames (Lat.), 

accursed thirst for gold. 
auror/a austral/is*, />/. -as 

-es; — boreal/is*, pl.'» 

aurum*, gold, symbol Au. 
Aus., Austria, -n. 
au sirieux(Fr.), seriously. 
Ausgabe (Ger. f.), revised 

edition ;abbr.i4l/S5; (cap.). 
Ausgleicbf ten-year treaty 

between Aus. and Hun. 
Ausrufungszeicben (Ger. 

typ.n.), exclamation mark! 
Austeii(Jane), 1775-1817, 

author of *' Pride and 

Prejudice," etc. 
Austin (Alfred), 1835-, 

Poet Laureate, 1896-. 
Austral/ia, -ian, -asia, 

-asian; abbr. Austral. 

(see also Assemblies). 
Austria, abbr. Aus. 
Austria - Hungary, not 

Austro- — ; in Ger. Os- 

Auteuil, Paris suburb. 
auth., authentic, author, 

-ess, -ity, -ized. 
authorities at the end of 
quotations, or notes : — 

(1) Name of author in 
roman lower-case. 

(a) Name of book in roman 
lower-case double-quot- 
ed; and if one of a series, 
the series should be 

Act and scene iii. 4. 

Act, scene, and line 

IV. 3. 45. 

Book iii. 

authorities, etc. {cont). 
Book and line iii. 25. 

Book, chapter, section, 
and paragraph 

I, II. §3> 1[4. 

Canto XV. 

Chapter xiv. 

Chapter and verse, 11. 34. 

Chapter, section, and 
paragraph, vii. § 3, IF 4- 

Line 1. 384. 

Number and page, II, 34. 

Page p. 213. 

Paragraph ^ 68. 

Part and chapter ii. 3. 

Part, book, and chapter 
II, IV. 12. 

Part, canto, and stanza 

II, IV. 12. 

Section § 5. 

Stanza st. 18. 

Volume and chapter, IV, VI. 

Volume and page, III, 32. 

Volume, part, section, and 
paragraph I, i. § 2, ^ 6. 
authorize *, not -ise. 
Authorized Version* (of 

Bible) (caps.) ; abbr. A.V. 
autochthon/*, a son of the 

soil ; pi. -s*. 
auto-da-fS* (Port.), pL 

autoS'da-fS*; (Sp.) — 

</e— *. 
automat/on*, pi. -a *. 
automobil/e, -ist. 
autonomize*, not -ise. 
autonym.*,a book published 

under author's real name. 
autore (It.), author ; abbr. 

autres temps, autres 

moeurs (Fr. ), other times, 

other manners, 
autumn (not cap.). 
auxabois (Fr.), to extrem- 
ities, at bay. 
auxiliary, abbr. auxil. 
Auxiliary Forces (caps.). 
A.V., Artillery Volunteers, 

Authorized Version (of 

a. v., annos vtxit (he, or she, 

lived so many years). 
av., average. 


ava, Hawaian intoxicant, 
use kava *. 

avantl -courier*, in Fr. m. 
-courtier or -courjeur, 
/em. -euse, a forerunner ; 
— -garde*, (f.) the ad- 

vanced guard; propos 

(m.), preface, />/. same 

av. C. (It.), avanii Cristo 


A.V.!D., Army Veterinary 

avdp., avoirdupois. 
Ave Maria*, Ave Mary* 

(Hail, Mary I) ; abbr. AM. 
aventurine*, not -in, avan- 

Avenue, abbr. Ave. 
average, abbr. av. 
averse to *, not from. 
avertible*, «o/-able. 
avertissement (Fr. m.), 

notice, warning, 
avid*, greedy. 
Avignon, dep. Vaucluse. 
a vinculo matrimonii 

(Lat.), full divorce, 
avizandum* (Sc. law), for 

consideration, not avis-. 
avocet*, a bird, not -set. 

avoirdupois*, abbr. avdp. 
a/ volOtttS(Fr.), at pleasure; 

— voire santel here's 

to your health ! 
avril (Fr. m.), April (not 

awocato del diaboio 

(It.), devil's advocate. 
aweel* (Scots colloq.). 
aweing*, wo^awi-. 
aTvesome *, not aws-. 
ax., axiom. 
axe, usual, but ax *. 
axe (Fr. m.), axis, 
ay/ *, always ; pron. sl. 
ayah *, nurse, 
aye*, yes; pron. i, pi. ayes. 
Aylesbury, Bucks {see 

also Ail-). 
A.Y.M., Ancient York 

Ayr, Scotland. 
Ajrre (Point of), Isle of 

az., azure. 
Azof (Sea of), not -off, 

Azrael (Moham.), the angel 

of death, 
azyme*, Jewish Passover 







B., Bachelor, Baron, Basso, 

Bay, the second in a 

series, all proper names 

with this initial. 
B (chem.), boron, (chess) 

b., base, born, brother, 

(cricket)bowled also byes, 

(naut.) blue sky. 
b (compass), by. 
B.A., Bachelor of Arts, 

British Academy, — A- 

merica, — Association. 
Ba (chem.), barium. 
Bab. (bot), Babington. 
Babcock & Wilcox, 

Babington (C. C), 1808- 

95, botanist ; abbr. Bab. 
babiroussa*, a wild hog, 

not baby-, -russa. 
baboo*, Indian title, not 

baboon*, /^w. babuina*. 
baccara*, a card game, not 

-ah, -at. 
Bach, the musical family, 

not Bache. 
Bacharach*, aRhinewine. 
Bachelier esj lettres 

(Fr.), Bachelor of Letters, 

abbr. B,bsL.', sc/- 

ences, ditto Science, B, 

ds S, (no hyphens). 
Bachelier (Irving), 

1859-, Amer. writer. 
Bachelor/, abbr. B.*; — of 

Agriculture, B.Agr. ; 

— Architecture, B.- 
Arch. ; — Arts, B.A. j 

— Civil Engineering, 
B.C.E. ; — Civil Law, 
B.C.Ii.; — Divinity, 
B.D. ; — Engineering, 
B.E., or B.Eng. ; — 
IjOW, B.L. ; — Laws, 
B.LL. ; — Letters, 
B.Litt., or Litt.B., in 
Fr. B, ds Z..;— Medi- 

cine, B.M., or M.B. 

(Cambridge, T.C.D.) ; 
Bachelor of Mining 
Engineering, B.M.E.; 

— Music, B.Mus., or 
Mus. Bac. ; — Science, 
B.Sc, in Fr. B. hs S. ; 
— Surgery,B.C.,B.Ch., 
or B.S.; — Theology, 

bacill/us*, ^/.-i*(notital.). 

back (typ.), see margins. 

Backhuysen (Ludolf), 
1631-1708, Dutch painter. 

back pages (typ.), those 
on the left side of an open 

backwoodsman* (one 

Bacon (Sir Francis) 
(often incorrectly Lord), 
1561-1626, Baron Verulam 
and Viscount St. Albans. 

bacshish, use bak- 

bade*, past tense of bid, 
not bad. 

Baedeker (Karl), guide- 
book publisher, 

Baffin Bay, N.E. America, 
not -ns, -n's. 

bag/, -s, abbr. bg., bgs. 

bag cap, brown paper 
24 X ig'/a in. 

Bagdad, not Bagh-. 

baggage, in Fr. m. bagage. 

Bagn^res/ de Bigorre, 
d6p. Hautes-Pyrenees ; 

— de Luehon, dep. 

Bagnoles, dep. Orne. 
Bagnols, dep. Gard. 
bagpip/e* {not -s), -er* 

(one word). 
B.Agr. (U.S.A.), Bachelor 

of Agriculture. 
BaJSB, Naples. 
bailer* (naut.), one who 

bails water out ; (cricket) 



a ball which rises to the 
bails (see also bailor). 

bailie* (Scot.), an alder- 
man ; bailiery*, jurisdic- 
tion of a bailie, not -iary. 

BailHe (Joanna), 1762- 
1851, Sc. poetess. 

BailliSre,Tindall,& Cox, 
publishers, London. 

bailor* (law), one who 
delivers goods {see also 

" Baily's Magazine." 

bain-marie*, a double 
saucepan ; pi. bains- — . 

Baireuth, Bav., use Bay-. 

Bairut, Syria, use Beirut. 

baksheesh *(Arab.,Turk. ), 
a gratuity, not the many 

bal., balance. 

Balaclava, not -klava. 

balanceable*, not -cable. 

balas*,a ruby, «o/-ais, ballas. 

Balbriggan, Co. Dublin, 
also knitted cotton goods. 

bale/, -s, abbr. bl., bis, 

Baliol, an Anglo-Norman 
family, not the Oxford 
College Balliol. 

balk*, not baulk. 

Balkan Mts., Transcau- 
casia, not -han. 

Bal/laarat, Victoria, use 

ballade*, medieval French 
poem, also its imitation. 

Ballantine (James), 
1808-77, artist and poet ; 

— (William), 1812-86, 

Ballantyne (James), 
1 772-1833; and — (John), 
1774-1821, Sir W. Scott's 
printers and publishers ; 

— Press, founded 1796, 
named after Sir W. Scott's 
printers ; — (R. M.), 
1825-94, writer for boys. 

Ballarat, Victoria, not 

ballet* ; ballet] d' action 

(Fr. m.), ballet combining 
action and dancing; — 

divertissement, ballet 

Balliol College, Oxford 
(see also Bali-). 

ballon d'essai (Fr. m.), a 
<' feeler" of any kind. 

ballot/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

ballot{Fr. m.), a small bale. 

ball-room* (hyphen). 

Ballsbridge, Dublin (one 

bal pari (Fr. m.), fancy- 
dress ball. 

Baltimore, abbr. Bait. 

Baluchi, a native of Balu- 
chistan, not Be-, Bi-. 

Balzac (Honor6 de), 
1 799-1850, Fr. writer; — 
(J. Ij. G.), 1597-1654, 
Fr. writer. 

ban*, governor of Croatia 
and Slavonia. 

banlal{Fr.),pl. -aux^fem. 
-ale, pi. -ales, common- 

banality (Fr. f.), a common- 

Banco Regis (Lat.), on the 
King's Bench. 

Bancusj Communium 
Placitorum (Lat.),Court 
of Common Pleas ; — Re- 
ginse. Queen's Bench ; — 
Superior, King's Bench, 
abbr. Banc. Sup, 

Band (Ger.m.), a volume,//. 
B'ande ; abbr. Bd., pi. 

bandanna*, a handker- 
chief, not -ana. 

bandbox* (one word), not 

Banddeclcel (Ger. m.), a 
book cover ; lose — , 
loose covers. 

B. & F. B. S., British and 
Foreign Bible Society. 

bandit/*,/)/, -s*. 

bandoleer*, a belt for cart- 
ridges, not -alier, -elier, 


Bangalore, India. 

Bangkok, not Bankok. 



banian/, — tree, «5g ban- 

banjo/*, pi. -s. 

bank, abbr. bk. 

banking, abbr. bkg. 

bank-note* (hyphen). 

banneret* (law), a knight 
made on the field of battle. 

bannerette*, a small ban- 

bannimus* (law), expul- 
sion from a university. 

banns*, not bans. 

banquet/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

banquette* (Fr. f.), front 
seat of a diligence. 

banyan* (bot.), not -ian, 

bap., baptized. 

Baptist, abbr. Bapt. 

baptistery*, not -try. 

baptize *, not -ise. 

Bar, called to the (cap.). 

bar., barley-corn, baro- 

Bariatynsky( J. A.), 1631- 
1708, Russian poet. 

Barbados, not -oes, abbr. 

barbarize* «o/.ise. 

Barbary, W. Africa. 

barberry *, not ber-. 

barbette*, gun platform. 

barblu (Fr.), fem. -«e, 


barcarole*, boatman's 
song, not -lie. 

B.Arch. (U.S. A.), Bachelor 
of Architecture. 

Bareilly, India, not -eli. 

bargain/er*, a haggler; 
-or* (law), the seller. 

Baring-Gould (Rev. S.), 
1 834-, writer (hyphen). 

baritone* (mus.), not 

barium*, symbol Ba. 

bark (naut.), use barque. 

bark/entine, w^^barqu- *. 

Barkston, Yorks. 

Barkstone, Lines. 

barley-corn* (hyphen) ; 
abbr. bar. 

Barmecide*, one who 
offers imaginary things, 
not -acide. 

Barmston, Durham. 

Barnaby-bright*, bt. 
Barnabas' Day, 11 June. 

baro/graph*, a recording 
barometer ; -gram *, the 
record ; -logy*, science 
of weight; -meter*, 
abbr. bar. ; -motor, 
motor worked by hand or 

Baron, cap. with Enghsh 
name; I.e. foreign; abbr.B. 

baronj (Fr.), fem. -ne, 

baron and feme (law), 
husband and wife. 

Baronet, abbr. Bart. 

barouche*, four-wheeled 
carriage, not baru-. 

barque (U.S.A. bark), 
full-rigged ship, but with 
fore-and-aft mizen ; abbr. 

barquentine *, three-mast- 
ed vessel with foremast 
only square-rigged, not 
-antine, barke-. 

barr., barrister. ^ 

barrad *, the Irish conical 

barrage*, a dam. 

barrator*, one who incites 
to litigation, not -ater, 

barrel/, -s, abbr. bl., bis. 

barrel/led*, -ling*. 

barrico/*, a small cask; pL 

Barrie (J. M.), i860-, 

barrister, abbr. barr. 

Barrow-in-Furness (hy- 

Bart., Baronet. 

Bartli61emy- Saint-Hil- 
aire (Jules), 1805-95, 
statesman, Orientahst. 

Bartholomew Day, 24 
August (caps., two words, 
not St.). 

Bartolommeo (Fra), 
I475-I5i7> It. painter. 



Bartolozzi (Francesco), 
1727-1813, engraver. 

Baruch (Apocn), no abbr. 

bar/uche, use -ouche *. 

barytone, use bari-*. 

basan*, bark-tanned sheep- 
skin, not baz-. 

bas bleu* (Fr. m.), a "blue- 

base, abbr. b. 

base-ball*, U.S. national 
game (hyphen unusual in 

bashaw, use pasha*. 

BashkirtsefF (Marie C), 
1860-84, diarist. 

basil*, sheepskin, «o/baz-. 

basin*, a circular vessel, 
noi -on. 

bas/is*, pi. -es*. 

basket/, -s, abbr. bkt., -s. 

Basle, Switz. ; in Fr. B&le ; 
in Ger. Basel. 

bas-relief*, «o/bass-. 

bass *, a fish, not -e. 

bassinet*, a cradle, not 
-ette, berceaunette. 

bassoj* (mus.),abbr. B. ; — 
profondo (It. mus.), low- 
est male voice ; — 'rilie- 
V/O*, not re-, pi. OS *. 

bastard eigne (lav^), a 
natural son. 

bastard/ fount (typ.), type 
with the face differing 
from that proper to the 
size of the type body ; — 
title (typ.), the fly or 
half-title before the full 
title of a work. It should 
be i-2^/a picas above the 
centre of the page. 

bastardize*, «o/-ise. 

Bastien-Lepage (Jules), 
1 848-84, painter(hyphen). 

Bastille (Fr. f.), Paris 

bastille *, a fortified tower, 
not -ile. 

bastinado*, «o/basto-. 

bataitle rangSe (Fr. f.), a 
pitched battle. 

bateau J* (Fr. m.), a light 
boat, not batt- ; pi. -x *. 

Bath : & Well : sig. of Bp. 

of Bath and Wells (two 

Bath/ brick*, — bttn*, 

— chair*, — chap* («o/ 
chop), — note, folded 
writing paper 8x7 inches, 

— stone* (cap. B). 
bath/ sponge*, — towel ♦ 

(not cap.). 
bathybius*, an inorganic 

baton*, music conductor's 

stick ; in Fr. m. bMon. 
battalion*, abbr. batt. ; 

in Fr. m. bataillon. 
battels*, provisions, etc., at 

Oxford University. 
Battenberg (Princess H. 

of), not -burg. 
batterle de cuisine (Fr. 

f.), a set of cooking 

battery, abbr. batt. 
Batthyd,ni, noble Hun- 
garian family. 
battle*, in Fr. f. bataille, 
battledore*, not -door, 
battle-field* (hyphen). 
battleship (one word). 
battrejla campagne (Fr.), 

to beat about the bush ; — 

le pavS, to loaf about, 
battue *,shooting(notital.). 
Batum, Russia, not -oum. 
baulk, use balk*. 
Baur (F. C), 1792-1860, 

Bavaria/, -n, abbr. Bav. ; 

in Ger. Bayem. 
bawbee* (Sc), halfpenny, 

not bau-. 
Bay, when with name 

cap. ; abbr. B. 
bayaddre *, Hindu dancing 

Bayard (Pierre de Ter- 

rail. Chevalier de), 

1475-1524, "The Knight 

without fear and without 

Bayeux tapestry. 
Baylis (T. H.), 181 7-, 



Bayliss (Sir Wyke), 
1835-, painter. 

bayonet/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

Bayreuth, Bavaria, not 
Bai- {see also Beirut). 

bazaar*, in Fr. m. bazar, 

bazan, use bas-*. 

bazil, sheepskin, Ms^bas-*. 

B.B.C., Base-ball Club. 

B.C., Bachelor of Surgery, 
Bad Character, Board of 
Control, British Colum- 
bia ; B.C., before Christ 
(s.caps.), year to precede, 
as 41 B.C. : the reverse 
of A.D., as A.D. 1900; 
B.Ch., Bachelor of Sur- 
gery ; B.C.E., ditto 
of Civil Engineering ; 
B.C.Ii., ditto of Civil 
Law; B.C.S., Bengal 
Civil Service. 

B.D., Bachelor of Divinity ; 


Ger. Band (a 

volume) ; bd., board, 
bond, bound ; Bde. (Ger. ), 
Bdnde (volumes) ; bdl., 
bdls., bundle, -s; bds., 
(bound in) boards. 

B.E., Bachelor of Engi- 
neering ; Be (chem.), 
beryUium ; b.e., bill of 

Beach (Sir Michael 
Hicks) (now Viscount St. 
Aldwyn), 1837-, states- 
man (hyphen not used by 

bear* (Stock Exchange), 
speculator for a fall. 

bearskin*, military cap 
(one word). 

beastings, use bee-*. 

beasts of the chase (law), 
buck, doe, fox, marten, 
roe; ditto forest (law), 
boar, hare, hart, hind, 
wolf; ditto warren (law), 
cony and hare ; ditto of 
venery (law) are " beasts 
of the forest." 

beatas memorial (Lat.), 
of blessed memory; abbr. 

Beataj Maria, or— Virgo 

(Lat.), the Blessed Virgin ; 
abbr. B.M., or B.V. 

beau- fits (Fr. m.), son-in- 
law ; without hyphen, 
beautiful son. 

beau-ideal*, model of 
excellence (hyphen, no 
accent, not ital.). 

beauidealize *, not -ise 
(one word). 

Beaujolais, a Burgundy 

beau-monde*, the fashion- 
able world. 

Beaune, a Burgundy wine. 

beauj rdle (Fr. m.), a fine 
part ; — sabreur, dash- 
ing cavalryman. 

beauseant. Knights Temp- 
lars' standard (not cap.). 

beauxj esprits (Fr. pi. 
m.), wits, sing. bel 
esprit; — yeuxy good 

becafico, use heoo-*, 

bScarre (Fr. mus. m.), the 
natural sign ^. 

bScasse (Fr. f.), a wood- 

bScassine (Fr. f.), a 

beccafico/*, pi. -es, bird, 
not beca-. 

bSchamel (Fr. f.), a white 

beche-de-mer *, the tre- 
pang — Holothuria edulis. 

Bechstein (P. W. K.), 
pianoforte maker; — 
(J. M.), 1757-1822, nat. 

Bechuanaland,/>ro«. bek- 
(one word). 

Becket (^), see i, Becket. 

Beckett, family name of 
Baron Grimthorpe. 

Becquerel (A. E.), 1820- 
91, Fr. physicist. 

bedaw/een, -i, -in, use 

Beddgelert, Carnarvon. 

bedel*, Oxford official form 
of beadle; at Cambridge 


Bedfordshire, abbr. Beds 
(no point). 

bedouin/*, a desert Arab, 
not the many variations ; 
pi. -s. 

bed/owy, use -ouin*. 

bedroom* (one word). 

Beds, Bedfordshire. 

bed/uin, use -ouin*. 

beer firkin, abbr. b.f. 

beerhouse (law), where 
beer is sold to be drunk 
on or q^ the premises. 

beershop (law), where 
beer is sold to be drunk 
q^the premises. 

Bees (St.), theological col- 
lege (no apos.). 

Beesly (Prof. E. Spen- 
cer), 1831-, writer. 

beestings*, first milk from 
a mammal, not bea-, bie-. 

Beethoven (Ludwig 
van, not von), 1 770-1827, 
composer, divide Bee- 
thoven ; pron. bat'O-fn. 

beetling* (Sc), beating of 
clothes with a beetle. 

befall*, not -al. 

Beghard*, a mendicant 
brother ; /em. Beguine *. 

Beglerbeg*y high Ottoman 

Beguine/*, a mendicant 
sister, not -uin ; pi. -S. 

behemoth*, Biblical animal. 

behoof* (noun), benefit. 

behove* (verb), to be 
necessary for, not -oove. 

Behring Isle, Sea, and 
Strait, use Bering — . 

beIgebunden{GeT.), bound 
in (with something else) ; 
abbr. beigeb. 

beignet (Fr. m.), a fritter. 

Beilage (Ger. typ. f.), ad- 
dition, supplement (cap.). 

Beirut, Syria, not Ba-, 
Beyrout {see also Bay- 

bekko-ware, Chinese 
pottery (hyphen). 

bel air (Fr. m.), good de- 

Belalp, Switz. (one word). 

Bel and the Dragon 
(Apocr.), no abbr. 

beldam*, a hag, not -e. 

bel\ esprit (Fr. m.), a 
brilliant wit, pi. beaux 
esprits; — etage, the 
first floor, not belle — . 

Belgique (Fr. f.), Belgium; 
beige, Belgian (not cap.). 

Belg/ium, -ian, -ic, abbr. 
Belg. {see also Assem- 

believable*, not -eable. 

belladonna * (bot.), deadly 
nightshade (one word). 

belle* (not ital.). 

bellej amie {Fr. f.), female 
friend; — assetnblSe*, 
fashionable gathering ; — 
-de-nuit {hot.), marvel of 
Peru ; fille, daughter- 
in-law ; without hyphen, 
beautiful girl. 

Belle Isle, Newfoundland. 

Belleisle, Fermanagh. 

Belle -Isle-en-Mer, dep. 
Morbihan (hypKens). 

6e//e/-indre (Fr.f.),mother- 
in-law, stepmother; with- 
out hyphen, beautiful 
mother; — mort, natural 
death ; — passion *, the 
tender passion. 

belles-lettres*, literature, 
is plural (hyphen). 

Bel/oochee, -uchi, use 

belvedere* (It.), a raised 
building, not belvi- ; pron. 
bel-ve-deer' (not ital.). 

Ben Bui, near Inveraray. 

Ben Buie, Sound of Mull. 

bene decessit (Lat.), he 
died naturally. 

Benedic (liturg.), canticle 
from Psalm ciii. 

Benedicite*, the "Song of 
the Three Children." 

benedicite ! * bless you ! 

Benedick, in " Much Ado 
about Nothing." 

Benedict*, a newly-mar- 
ried man. 



Benedict Biscop, 628-90, 

Anglo-Saxon Churchman. 

Benedictus*, the fifth 
movement of the Mass. 

benej esse (Lat.), well- 
being ; — exeaty certifi- 
cate of good character. 

benefactor *, not -er. 

benificiaire (Fr. m.), the 
recipient of a benefit. 

beneficijum, an ecclesias- 
tical living ; pi. -a. 

benefit/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

benej merenti (Lat.), to 
the well-deserving ; — 
meritUS, having well 
deserved, pi — meriti. 

benet *, R.C. Order {see also 

bene vale (Lat.), farewell, 
abbr. A. V. ; — vobis I 
prosperity to you ! 

bea ficcato (It.), well 

B.Eng., Bachelor of Eng- 

Bengali/*, native, also of, 
Bengal, not -ee, pi. -s; 
abbr. Beng. 

Benjamin, abbr. B., or 

Ben/ Lawers, Perth ; — 
Macdhui, Aberdeen. 

Bennet, fam. name of Earl 
of Tankerville. 

bennet*, a grass (see also 

Ben Rhydding, Yorks. 

benthal*, ocean depths 
exceeding 6000 feet. 

Bentham (G.), 1800-84, 
bot. ; abbr. Bentli. 

ben trovato (It.), well 

Ben/ Venue, — Vrackie, 
Perth (two words). 

ben venuto (It.), welcome. 

Benvoirlich, Perth (one 

benzene*, «o/-ine. 

benzol*, not -e. 

benzoline *. 

" Beowulf," Anglo-Saxon 

bequeather*, a testator, 
berberry, use bar- * 
berceau (Fr. m.), cradle, 
berceaunette, use bassi- 
berceuse, a cradle song, 
bereavement*, «o/.vment. 
Berg] (Ger. m.), a mountain ; 

pi. -e (cap.). 
Bergamask*, native of 

Bergamo, Lombardy. 
bergamot*, «o/bur-. 
Bergerac, a town, also 

wine made there ; — 

(Savinien Cyrano de), 

beriberi*, tropical disease, 

not -ria (one word). 
Bering Isle, Sea, and 

Strait, not Beh-, -ings. 
Berk, (bot.), Berkeley. 
Berks, Berkshire. 
Bernard (Claude), 1813- 

78, physiologist. 
Berne, Swiss canton and 

town ; in Ger. Bern. 
Bemers(Dame Juliana), 

wrote "Boke of St. 

Albans," first ed. i486. 
Bernhardt (Rosine, called 

Bernoulli, family of math., 

not -illi. 
bemouse, use burnous*, 

Arab cloak, 
bersaglier/e (It.), a rifle- 
man ; pi. -i. 
berth* (naut.), not hi-. 
Berthelot (P. E. M.), 

1827-1907, Fr. chemist ; 

pron. bert'lo. 
Berthollet (count C. L.), 

1 748-1822, Fr. chemist. 
beryllium*, symbol Be. 
Berzelius (J. J., baron), 

1779-1848, chemist. 
fi. ks A,, now B. ^S L, 
Besancon, dep. Doubs. 
bes-an'tler, use bez- 

B. §s li. (Fr.), Bachelier 

es lettres (Bachelor of 

Letters) ; B. ds S., ditto 

sciences (no hyphens). 



besoj las manos (Sp.), "I 
kiss the hands" (frequent- 
ly said or written) ; — 
los pies, "I kiss the 

Bessbrook, Co. Armagh. 

Besses o' th' Barn, town 
near Manchester. 

bestialize *, not -ise. 

bestre'w*, not -ow. 

Bestuur*, government in 
Dutch-speaking S. Africa. 

bete ^Fr.), stupid. 

Betelgeux (astr.), red star 
in Orion, not -euse. 

bite noire {Ft. f.), an object 
of aversion, not — noir. 

betise (Fr. f.), stupidity. 

betony* (bot), not bett-. 

better*, one who bets, not 

Bett^ws-y-Coed, Carnar- 
von (hyphens). 

bevel/*, -led*, -ling*. 

Beverley, Yorks. 

Beverly, Mass., U.S.A. 

bevy*, proper word for a 
company of ladies, larks, 
maidens, quails, or roes. 

bewet*, leather attaching 
bell to hawk, not -it. 

Bexleyheath, Kent (one 
word, "P.O. Guide"). 

bey* (Turk.), a governor. 

bey lie*, jurisdiction of a 
bey, not -ik. 

Beyrout, use Beirut. 

bezant*, gold coin, not by-. 

bez-antler*,of deer's horn, 
not bes-, bis- (hyphen). 

bezel*, a slope, «o/-il, basil. 

b.f., beer firkin. 

bg., bgs., bag, -s. 

B*hani., Birmingham. 

bhang*, Ind. hemp, «o/ba-. 

bheesty *, Indian water- 
carrier, not -ie. 

b.h.p., brake horse-power. 

B.I., British India. 

Bi* (chem.), bismuth, 
biannual*, half-yearly, but 

biennial*, two-yearly, 
bias/*, -ed*, -ing*. 
Bib.. Bible, -ical. 

bibl., bibltotheca (library). 
Bible, abbr. Bib. (cap.). 

{See also authorities, 


Bible - Text 

asize of type as above, four 
and a half lines to the inch 

"Biblia Pauperum*' 

Biblical (cap.), abbr. Bib. 

bibliOgraaf {Dutch), biblio- 
grapher, Ger. m. Biblio- 
graph, Fr. m. bibiio- 

bibliograph/er, -ic, -ical, 
-y ; abbr. biblio?. 

bibliopegy*, bookbinding. 

biblioltbeca* (Lat.), a li- 
brary ; -thScaire ( Fr. m. ), 
a hbrarian; -tbeque* 
(Fr. f.), a library. 

Bibliotbekj (Ger. f.), a 
library ; -ar (m.), a 
librarian (caps.). 

BicStre, asylum near Paris. 

Bickleigh, Devon. 

Bickley, Cheshire, Kent. 

bidder *, one who bids. 

bider*, one who bides or 

bidet*, bath, no/ -ette. 

biea aim] 6 (Fr.\ /em. 
'ie, well- beloved ; bien] 
cbaussjSy/em. -ie, neat- 
ly-booted; — entendu, 
of course; — gantle,fem, 
-ee, well-gloved. 

biennial*, two-yearly, 
(hot.) ©,6«/ biannual*, 

biennium, a two-year 

biensSance (Fr. f.), pro- 

bihre (Fr. f.), beer, bier. 

biestings, use bee-*. 

biffS (Fr.), cancelled. 

bigarreau*, white-heart 
cherry, not -aroon. 

Bigelow (E.B.), 1814-79, 
machinist ; — (Jacob), 
1787-1879, botanist; — 



(John), 1817- writer; 
Bigelow (Mr. and Mrs. 
Poultney), Amer. 


"Biglow Papers (The)," 
1848, '68, by J. R. Lowell. 

bigot/*, -ed*. 

bijou/*, a "gem"; pi. -x*. 

bilberry*, not bill-. 

bilbo/ *, a fetter ; pi. -es *. 

Bilborough, Notts. 

Bilbrough, Yorks. 

Bilderdijk (Willein), 
1756-1831, Dutch poet, 

Bill (parliamentary) (cap.). 

biJIa vera (law), a true bill. 

billet/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

billet-doux* (Fr. m.), a 

love letter; pi. billets 


billiards, in Fr. m. billard. 

billion* (Eng., Ger.), a mil- 
lion millions;(Fr., U.S.A.), 
a thousand millions. 

bill of/ exchange, abbr. 

b.e. ; lading, abbr. 

B/Ij. (printed six to a 

sheet on folio post) ; 

sale, abbr. b.s. 

Bilston, Staffs. 

Bilstone, Leicester. 

biltong*, sun-dried meat 

Biluchi, use Bal-. 

bimeridian*, recurring at 
midday and midnight. 

bimetall/ic*, -ism*,-ist*. 

bimillenary*, a period of 
2000 years. 

bindery*, a bookbinder's 

Bindestrich (Ger. typ. m.), 
the hyphen. 

binding, see various head- 

binnacle* (naut.), a com- 

binocle*, a field-glass. 

binocular*, a field-glass. 

Binstead, I. of Wight. 

Binsted, Alton, Hants. 

biograph/er,-ic, -ical,-y; 
abbr. biog. 

biolog/y, -ical ; abbr. biol. 

Bipont/*, -ine*, books 
printed at Bipontiura 
(Zweibrucken), Bavaria. 

bird-cage* (hyphen). 

bird's-eye view*. 

Birmingham, abbr. 


Birnam, Perth, immortal- 
ized in " Macbeth." 

Birstal, Yorks. 

Birstall, Leicester. 

birth (naut.), use be-*. 

birthplace, abbr. bpl. 

bis* (Fr., It, Lat), twice. 

bis., bissextile. 

bisantler, use bez- *. 

Biscayan, abbr. Bisc. 

Bischof (K. G.), 1792- 
1870, chem., geol. 

Bischoff (T.L.W.), 1807- 
82, anatomist. 

bis dat qui cito dat (Lat.) f 
he gives twice who gives 

Bishop, abbr. Bp. ; (chess) 

Bishop in partibus infi- 
delium, R.C. Bishop in 
diocese of unbelievers. 

bishop's length* (paint- 
ing), canvas 58x94 in., 
half ditto 45 X 56 in. 

Bishop's Stortlord, Herts 

Bishopsteignton, Devon 
(one word). 

Bishopston, Glos, War- 
wick, Wilts, Glam. 

Bishopstone, Berks, 

Hereford, Sussex, Wilts. 

Bishop's Waltham, 
Hants (apos.). 

Bishopthorpe, residence 

bisk*, a rich soup (not ital.) 
{see also bisque). 

Bismarck (O. E. L., 
Fiirst von), 1815-98, not 

bismillah* (Arab.), "in 
the name of God," mo/ biz-. 

bismuth*, symbol Bi*. 

bisque* (tennis) (not ital.) 
{see also bisk) . 
33 3 


bissextile, abbr. bis. 
bistre *, pigment, not 

bit* (U.S.A.), 12V2 cents, 
bitt/* (naut. ),/./. -s. 
bitter end (naut.), the 

end of a rope loose after 

bitumin/ize*, -ons*. 
bivouac/*, -ked *, -king *. 
bizarre* (not ital.). 
Bizet (Georges), 1838-75, 

French composer. 
Bjomson (Bjom- 

Btjerne), 1832-1910, 

Norwegian writer. 
bk., bank, book; bkg., 

banking ; bkt., bkts., 

basket, -s. 
B.L., Bachelor of Law, 

breech-loader, -ing; B/L, 

bill of lading ; bl., bis., 

bale, -s, barrel, -s. 
blabber*, to chatter, not 

Blackbume (J. H.), 

1842-, chess player. 
Black Friars, Leics. 
Blackfriars, London. 
Black Friday, ii May, 

black game*, wa/^ black- 
cock *, few. grey-hen *. 
filarft4tttet* (t2p.)> a fani^S 

tgpe, as tfjis. 
Blackmoor, Hants. 
Blackmore, Essex ; — 

(B.D.), 1 825- 1 900, writer. 
Blackrock, Brecon, Cork, 

Co. Dublin, Louth. 
Black Rod*, abbr. for 

'' Gentleman Usher of the 

Black Rod." 
blacks* (typ.),when spaces 

blaeberry, Sc. for bil- *. 
Blaenau Festiniog, not 

Blainiau or Ffe-. 
blague! * (Fr. f.), humbug; 

-lir (m.), hoaxer. 
Blairadam, Kinross (one 

Blair-Atholl, Perth 

(caps., hyphen). 

Blairgowrie, Perth (one 

Blairs College, Aber- 
deen (no apostrophe). 

blameable*, «o/-mable. 

blancbailles (Fr. f. pi.), 

blanchktre (Fr.), whitish. 

blancbisseuse (Fr. f.), 

blancmange* (cook.) (one 
word, not ital.). 

blanket/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

Blantyre "Works, Mid- 
Lanark, a village (two 
words, caps.). 

blas6*, surfeited with en- 
joyment (not ital.). 

blatant *, not blatt-. 

Blatherwick, Northants, 
not -wyck. 

Blaze de Bury (Ma- 
dame), 1813-88, writer. 

bldg., bldgs., building, -s. 

B.L.E., Brotherhood of 
Locomotive Engineers. 

bleed (bookbinding), to 
overcut the margins and 
mutilate the printing. 

bleu aire (Fr.), bluish. 

bleu foncS (Fr. m.), dark- 

blind/-blocking*, or — 
-tooling* (bookbinding), 
impression by hot tools 

blind ^, paragraph mark. 

B.Iiitt., Baccalaureus Liter- 
arum (Bachelor of Let- 
ters, Oxford). 

blizzard*, a storm, not 

blk. (typ.), black, block, -s. 

B.XjL., Bachelor of Laws. 

blobber, use blabber*. 

Block (Maurice), 1816-, 
French economist. 

blond*, fair-complexion ed; 
fent. blonde* (not ital.). 

bloqu6{FT. typ.), turned; 
caractbres bloqu&s, 
turned letters. 

blottesque*, painting with 
blotted touches (not ital.). 



blouse*, pron. blowz, in Fr. 

bluuz (not ital.). 
B.Ij.E..,breech.loading rifles 
Blubberhouses, Yorks 

(one word). 
Bliicher (G. L. von), 

1 742-1834, Field-Marshal. 
blue bell* (two words). 
Blue book*, governmental 

(cap., two words). 
blueing*, not blui-. 
blueish, use bluish*, 
bluejacket, R.N. sailor 

(one word). 
blue-printing, a photog. 


bluing, use blueing*, 
bluish*, not blue-. 
Blundellsands, Lanes 

(one word). 
Bluntschli (J. K.), 1808- 

81, jurist. 
Blut und Eisen (Ger.), 

blood and iron. 
Blyth Bridge, Peebles. 
Blythe Bridge, Staffs. 
B.M., Bachelorof Medicine; 

Beata Maria (the Blessed 

Virgin), beatee memorial 

(of blessed memory) ; 

(Survey) Bench Mark ; 

b.m., bene merenti (to the 

well-deserving); B.M.E., 

Bachelor of Mining 

Engineering ; B.Mus., 

Bachelor of Music. 
B.N.C, Brasenose College, 

b.O., branch office, buyer's 

B.O. A., British Optical 

Boabdil, king of Granada. 
B.O.A.F.G., British Order 

of Ancient Free Gardeners. 
Boanerges/*, a loud 

preacher ; pi. -es*. 
Board/, abbr. bd. ; — of 

Trade, abbr. B.O.T. 
Board-Bohool* (cap. B, 

boatswain*, pron. bo'sn; 

abbr. bos'n. 


bob-Mrhite*, Amer. quail. 

bocasin*, a fine buckram. 

Boccaccio (Giovanni), 
i3i3-75> It. writer (4 c's). 

Bodicote, Oxon, not Bodd-. 

Bodleian Library. 

body-guard * (hyphen). 

Boerhaave (Herman), 
1668-1738, naturalist. 

Boethius (A. M. S.), a.d. 
470-525, Roman states- 

bceufiYr. m.), beef. 

Bogie (Colonel), of golf. 

bogie*, a truck. 

bogy*, ghost, not-ey. 

Bohemian*, easy-living 

Bokhara, not Bu-. 

bolas/*, a lasso with two 
balls ; pi. -es *. 

bold-face type: as this; 
indicated in MS. by wavy 
underlining . 

bolero*, Sp. dance. 

bolivar, Bolivian dollar. 

Bolivia/, -n, abbr. Bol. 

bolometer*, exact heat 

bolt* (typ.), the unopened 
fold of a folded sheet. 

bolus/*, pi. -es*. 

bombasine*, a fabric, not 
-bazeen, -bazine, -bycine. 

Bom. C.S., Bombay Civil 

Bom. S.C, Bombay Staff 

bona (law), goods. 


bonas notas (Lat.), meri- 

bonaj fide* (Lat.), genuine- 
ly; — fides*, good faith 
(no accent) ; — mobi/ia, 
movable goods ; — nota- 
bilia, noteworthy things. 

bonanza* (U.S.A.), good 

Bonaparte, not Buona- 
parte, Corsican family. 

bonal peritura (Lat.), 
perishable goods ; — va- 
cantia^ unclaimed — . 


bonaventure," goodhap.^^ 

bon-bon*, a dainty, in Fr. 
m. one word ; bonbon- 
nidre* (f.), a box for 

boa camarade (Fr. m.), 
good comrade ; fern, 
bonne — . 

bon-chr6tien*, a pear. 

bonj compagnon (Fr. m.), 
pleasant companion ; — 
courage f good courage. 

bond, abbr. bd. 

bondholder* (one word). 

bonj diable (Fr. m.), good- 
natured fellow ; — en- 
fant, good fellow. 

Bo*ness, Linlithgow, apos- 
trophe, being originally 
Borrowstouuness (see also 

bon gout (Fr. m.), good 
taste; bongri, malgrS, 
whether one will or not. 

Bonheur (Rosa), 1822- 
99, Fr. painter. 

bonhomie*, good nature. 

bonbomme* (Fr. m.), a 
pleasant fellow, a friar. 

Bonhomme (Jacques)*, 
the French peasant. 

bonjour (Fr. m.), good 
day (one word). 

bon Jour, bonne oeuvre 
(Fr.), "the better the 
day, the better the deed." 

bon marcbe (Fr.), a cheap 
shop, cheap ; bon mot*, 
a witticism, />/. bons mots 
(two words, not ital.). 

bonne* (Fr. f.), a nurse- 

bonne-bouche*, a dainty 
morsel,/)/, bonnes-bou- 
ches*; bonne I com- 
pagnie (Fr.), well-bred 
society; — foi, good faith ; 
— fortune, success, pi. 
bonnes fortunes ; — 
gr^ce, gracefulness, pi. 
bonnes graces. 

bonne ment (Fr.), frankly. 

bonne mine (Fr. f.), 
pleasant looks. 

bonnet/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

bonnet rouge (Fr. m.), 
revolutionists' cap. 


bons a vue (Fr. m.), bills, 
etc., at sight. 

bontebok*, antelope. 

bon ton (Fr.m.\ good style. 

bonumj omen (Lat.), a 
good omen ; — public- 
um, the public good, 
abbr. b.p, 

vivante, one fond of 
luxurious living (hyphen, 
not ital.) ; pi. -s. 

bonj viveur (Fr. m.), a free 
liver; — voyage I a 
pleasant journey ! 

Booerhave, use Boer- 

book/, -s, abbr. bk., bks. 

bookbinding* (one word). 

book-keeping* (hyphen). 

book-plate * (hyphen). 

books (cited titles of), 
to be roman double- 
quoted, not italic. 

books (size in inches 
imout) :— 

Crown 8vo . 

, ), 4to . 
^ Demy 8vo 
,, 4to . 
Foolscap 8vo 
„ . 4to . 
Imperial 8vo . 
,, 4to . 
Medium 8vo . 
„ 4to . 
Post8vo . . 
,, 4to . . 
Pott 8vo . . 
,, 4to . . 
Royal 8vo 

,, 4to . 

Super roy.Svo 

„ 4to 

7V2X 5 

10 X 7Va 

8^4 X 5V2 

11 X 83/ . 
67.x 4V4 
8V.X 63/, 

11 X 7Va 
15 XII 

97jX 6 

12 X 9Va 

10 X 8 
67, X 4 
8 . X 6^/* 
10 X &U 
1273 X 10 
107* X 67, 

books of Scripture 

(tj^p.), not to be italic, nor 
double-quoted ; forabbrs. 
see separate titles. 



bookwork, see prelimin- 
ary matter. 

boose*, a cow stall {see 
also booze). 

Bootes* (astr.), the con- 
stellation ; pron. bo-O'tes. 

booze*, to drink, not -se, 
bouse, -ze, bowse. 

boozy*, drunken. 

B.O.P., "Boy's Own 

bor., borough. 

Bordeaux*, a claret (in Fr. 
m. not cap.). 

bordereau (Fr. m.), a 

borecole*, kale. 

Borghese, Italian family, 
pron. bor-ga'za. 

borize*, to inject borax. 

born, abbr. b. 

boron*, symbol B*. 

borough, abbr. bor. 

borzoi/, Russian wolf- 
hound ; pi, -s. 

Boscovich (B,. J.), 17 ii- 
87, math., not -tch. 

bos*n, abbr. of boatswain. 

Bosna-Serai, capital of 
Bosnia (caps., hyphen). 

Bosphorus, more correctly 

Bossuet (J. B.), 1627- 
1704, Fr. bishop, writer. 

Boswellize*, to write as 
Boswell (cap.). 

bot/*, -fly*, «o/-tt. 

B.O.T., Board of Trade. 

Botallack, Cornish mine. 

botanize*, «o/-ise. 

botan/y, -ical, -ist, abbr. 
bot.; genera, species, and 
varieties to be ital. ; all 
other divisions roman : 

Rosaceae (order or 
family) ; Rosa (genus), 
but genera in popular use 
in roman, as Geranium, 
Lobelias (pi.) ; Rosadam- 
ascena (species). 

Specific names to be 
I.e., except when formerly 
generic, or commemora- 
tive, as Inula Heleniuntj 

botany (cont.). 

Paeonta Wiitmannianay 
Salvia Mathewsii. 

Signs in common 
use: — 

annual, G or © ; bien- 
nial, ; dioecious, ^ ? ; 
doubtful, ? ; female, ? ; 
hermaphrodite, ^ or ^ ; 
hybrid, x ; male, ^ ; 
monoecious, ^-$; number 
indefinite, 00 ; none or 
absent, o ; perennial, % ; 
personally verified, ! ; 
polygamous, ^^9; sec- 
tion (of a genus), § ; tree. 

\ . Signs 

t, :, 

variously used, to be de- 
fined by author usingsame. 

bothy* (Sc), a hut, not 

Botticelli(Sandro), 1447- 
I5i5» painter. 

bottom notes (typ.), foot- 

B.O.U., British Ornithol- 
ogists' Union. 

Boucicault (Dion), 1822- 
90, Irish dramatist. 

boudoir* (not ital.). 

bouffant]* {Yt.\ fern, -e, 
puffed out, as a dress. 

Bouguereau (W. A.), 
1825-1905, Fr. painter. 

bouilli* (Fr. m.), stewed 
meat (not ital.). 

boum\ie (Fr. f.), infant 
food ; -on* (™0) broth, a 
flounce ; -onnif puff"ed, 

boul., boulevard. 

boule*, usually buhl. 

boulevard/* (Fr. m.), 
abbr. boul. ; -ier*, a 
"man about town." 

bouleversJS (Fr.), over- 
turned; -ement* (m.), 
a violent inversion. 

bounceable *, not -cable. 

bound, abbr. bd, 

bouquetin*, the ibex. 

bouquinist*, second-hand 
bookseller; in Fr.m. boU' 



bourgeois/* {YT.\fent. -e, 
one of the middle-class ; 
-ie*, the middle-class. 

bourgeois * (typ. ) , an eight 
and half point type, eight 
and a half lines to the 
inch, as this ; pron. bur- 

Bourn, Cambs. 

Bourne, Lines, Surrey. 

bourne *, a limit, not -n. 

bourse*. Stock Exchange. 

boursier (Fr. m.), a stock- 

bouse*, to drink, use 
booze *. 

bouse * (naut.), to haul, not 

boutique (Fr. f.), a shop. 

boutonnidre (Fr. f.), a 

bouts-rim^s *, rhymed 

Bowdlerize *, to expurgate 

bowie*, a knife. 

bowled (cricket), abbr. b. 

BownesSjCumb, Westmor- 
land {see also Bo'ness). 

bo w^- window*, a seg- 
mental bay-window, 

box/, -es, abbr. bx., bxs. 

Boycott (to) (cap.). 

** Boy's Own Paper," 
abbr. B.O.P. 

bozza (It), printer's proof. 

B.P., British Public; Bp., 
Bishop; b.p.jbelowproof, 
bill of parcels, bills pay- 
able, bonum publicum (the 
public good) ;b.p.b.,bank 
post bills ; bpl., birth- 

B.Q,., Bene quiescat (may he, 
or she, repose well !). 

bque. (naut.), barque. 

Br., British, (bot.) R. 
Brown ; Br (chem.), bror 
mine ; br., brig ; b.r., bills 

" Brabanconne (La),** 
Belgian national air. 

brace* (typ.) ^-i^^— s 

brackets* (typ.), [], not 

the parentheses or round 

form (). {See punctua- 
tion, IV.) 
bradawl* (one word), 
bradoon, use bri-*. 
braggadocio* (not ital.). 
Brahma *, supreme Hindu 

god, not -hm, -hme (not 

brahma*, a domestic fowl. 
Brahmapootra*, Indian 

Brahmin/* (Hind.), one of 

the highest caste, not -an; 

fern, -ee*, not -i. 
braies (Fr. typ. f.), spoiled 

brail *, to haul up. 
braille, raised letters for 

the blind, 
braise* (cook.), not -ze 

{see also braze), 
brake*, for wheel, a large 

vehicle, etc., not break. 
Br .Am., British America, 
bran/*, -ny*. 
Brandes (Georg M. H.), 

1 842-, Danish writer, 
brand-new*, «o/bran-. 
brant-goose, M5«brent- *. 
Brantdme (P. de B.), 

1540-1614, French writer. 
brasserie (Fr. f.), brewery, 
brassy* (Sc), the wrasse 

fish, a golf club, not -ie. 
bratticing* (arch.), open 

carved work. 
Brauneberger, a white 

Braunschweig, Ger. for 

bravja! (It), "well done!" 

to a woman, -O, to a man. 
bravado/*, pi. -es*. 
bravo/*, a desperado; pi. 

braw* (Sc), fine. 
Brawne (Fanny), loved 

by Keats, not Bro-. 
braze*, to solder, not -ise, 

-ize (see also braise). 
Brazil/, -ian, abbr. Braz. 
Br.Col., British Columbia. 


Breadalbane (Marquess 

break/* (5** brake); (typ.) 
the division into a fresh 

paragraph ; line*, last 

one of a paragraph : never 
to begin page, and should 
have more than five let- 
ters, except in narrow 

break-down*, a collapse. 

b. rec, bills receivable, 

breccia* (geol), not -chia. 

Brechin, Forfar. 

Brecon, not Brecknock, 

breech-load/er, -ing,abbr. 

B. L. ; ing rifle, 


Breitkopf & Hartel, pub- 
lishers, Leipzig. 

brent-goose *, not bra-. 

Bretagne, Fr. for Brit- 
tany; Grande — , Great 

Breton, abbr. Bret. 

brev., brevet, -ed. 

brevet d'invention (Fr. 
m.), a patent. 

brevets s.g.d.g, (Fr.), pa- 
tented without Govern- 
ment guarantee. 

brevier* (typ.), a fount 
about eight point, as this, 
nine and a half lines to the 
inch ; pron. bre-veer'. 

brevi manu* (Lat.), off- 

briar, use -er*. 

bribable*, «o/-eable. 

bric-§i-brac* (accent). 

Bridge End, Donegal, Fife, 
Flint, Linlithgow, Perth. 

Bridgend, Argyl, Glam, 

Bridgenorth, Salop, now 

Bridgeton, Glasgow ; New 
Jersey, U.S.A. 

Bridgetown, Barbados, 
Canada, Devon, Donegal, 
Somerset, W. Austral., 
Wexford (one word). 

Bridgnorth, Salop. 

Bridgwater, Somerset, 

not Bridge-. 
bridoon*, a bridle, not bra-, 
brier/*, — -root*, — 

-rose*, not briar-, brere-, 
brig (naut.), abbr. br. 
Brig., brigade, -ier. 
Brillat-Savarin (A.), 

1 755-1 826, gastronomist, 
brilliant* (typ. \ .an. .»a hM 

point fount, ■• tliUaBiii«tMii aod thre»-quart«r lta«« 

bring up (typ.), to underlay 
or overlay. 

Brinvilliers (marquise 
de), 1630-76, criminal. 

brioche'' (Fr. f.), blunder, 

briquette*, a block of 
artificial fuel. 

Bristol - board*, card- 
board used by artists. 

Brit./, Britain, Britannia, 
-icus, -ica, British ; — 
Mus., British Museum. 

Briticism* (as Gallicism, 

British/, abbr. Brit. ; 

— Academy, B.A. ; 

— America, Br. Am. ; 

— India, B.I. ; — Mu- 
seum, Brit. Mus. 

Britt. (coins), Britan- 

]5rittany,in Fr. Bretagne, 

britzka*, Polish carriage, 
not the many variations. 

bro., bros., brother, -s. 

Broad - Churchman * 
(caps., hyphen). 

Broad Heath, Tenbury. 

Broadheath, Altrincham. 

Broad Oak, Dorset, Here- 
ford. Sussex. 

Broadoak,CornwalI, Salop. 

Broadw^as, Worcester. 

Broadway, Wexford, 


Broadwey, Dorset. 

Brobdingnag*, not Brob- 

brochure*, a "stitched 
work," not bound. 

Brockhaus (F. A.), pub- 
lisher, Leipzig. 



Brockton, Salop ; Mass., 

Brocton, Staffs. 

Broglie, an It.-Fr. family. 

bromine*, symbol Br. 

bronchia* y branches of the 

broncbjus* (anat.), a 
branch of the windpipe ; 
pi. -i*. 

bronco/*, Mex. horse, not 
-cho ; pi. -s. 

Bronte (Charlotte), 1816- 
55, writer. 

brooch*, a dress fastening, 
not -ach. 

Brooke, Norfolk ; — 

Brookline, Boston, U.S.A. 

Brooklyn, New York. 

Brooks's Club, London, 
not -es's. 

Broomedge, Warrington. 

Broomhedge, Lisburn. 

broomstick* (one word). 

Broomyknowes, Mid- 

brother/, abbr. b. or bro., 
pi. -s*, brethren*, abbr. 
bros. ; — -german *, 
''whole" brother; in- 
law* (hyphens). 

Brotscbtift (Ger.), or- 
dinary, not display, typQ. 

Broughton (Rhoda), 
1840-, novelist. 

Brown (Ford Madox), 
1821-93, painter ; — 
(Robert), 17 73- 1858, 
botanist ; abbr. Br. 

Browne (C. F.), 1834-67, 
* ' Artemus Ward, ' ' writer. 

Brown-S6quard (C. E.), 
1818-94, physiologist. 

brow^se *, to eat, not -ze. 

Brucb (Ger. m.), a frac- 

Brugsch (H. K.), 1827- 
94, Egyptologist. 

Brummell (G. B., 
"Beau"), 1778-1840. 

Brunhild (Norse myth.). 

Briinnhilde, Wagnerian 

Brunonian, an alumnus of 
Brown University, U.S.A. 

brusque* (not ital.). 

Brussels, in Flem. Brus- 
sel, in Fr. Bruxelles. 

brussels sprouts* (not 
cap., no apos.). 

brutalize*, «o/-ise. 

bmtum fulmen (Lat.), an 
empty threat ; pi. bruta 

Bruxelles, Fr. for Brus- 

Bryn Mawr College, 
Philadelphia, U.S.A. 

BrynmawT, Brecon. 

bryology, abbr. bryol. 

Brython*, Welsh for 

B.S.*, Bachelor of Surgery ; 
b.s., balance sheet, bill 
of sale ; B.S.A., Biblio- 
graphical Society of 
America; B.S.C., Bengal 
Staff Corps ; B.Sc, 
Bachelor of Science ; 
B.Sc.(Econ.), ditto in 
faculty of Economics ; 
B.Sc. (Eng.), ditto En- 
gineering (London Uni- 
versity) ; B.S.L., Botani- 
cal Society of London. 

B.Th., Bachelor of The- 
ology ; B.Th.U., British 
Thermal Unit; B.T.U. 
(elec). Board of Trade 
Unit, or kilowatt-hour. 

B.IT., Brown University, 
Rhode Island, U.S.A. 

bu., bushel. 

buccaneer*, «o/-ier,buca-. 

Buccleuch (Duke of), not 
-gh ; pron. buk-loo'. 

Bucellas*, a white wine. 

Bucb (Ger. n.), book; pi. 

Bucharest, use Buka-. 

Bucbjbinder (Ger. m), 
bookbinder ; -binder- 
kuast, art of bookbind- 
ing ; -drucker, a printer ; 
'druckerkunst, art of 
printing; -handler, book- 
seller; -handlungf book- 



seller's shop ; Buch- 

staben, letters of the 

Buckinghamshire, abbr. 

Bucks (no point). 
Bucknall, Lines, Staffs. 
Bucknell, Oxon, Salop, 
buckskin* (one word). 
Budapest, Hungary, not 

-pesth (one word). 
Buddha* (Skt.), Gautama 

Sakyasinha, died 543 B.C. 
buddhi (Skt.), the intelli- 
Buddh/ism *, -ist * ; (typ. ) 

if necessary divide at 

stroke; abbr. Budd. 
budgerigar, a parakeet. 
Buenos Ayres, Argentina, 

not — Ai-. 
buffalo/*,^/, -es*. 
buffer State (cap. 5 only), 
buffet/*, -ed*, -ing*. 
Buffon (G. L. L.), 1707- 

88, naturalist. 
buhl, usualf but houle*. 
building, abbr. bldg., pi. 

Bukarest, not Bukh-. 
Bukhara, use Bo-, 
buksheesh, use bak-*. 
bul., bulletin, 
bulbul* (Pers.), ''the 

nightingale of the East." 
Bulgaria/, -n, abbr. Bulg. 
bull* (Stock Exchange), a 

speculator for the rise, 
bulletin* (not ital.); abbr. 

bulrush*, not bull-. 
bumkin*(naut. ), not bump-. 
bumpkin*, countryman.*, «o/ bunkum. 
Bundesrat, not -th (s^^As- 

semblies — Germany), 
bundle/, -s, abbr. bdl/., -s. 
bungalow*, a house with 

one story (not ital.). 
Bunker HiQ (battle of), 

not Bunker's-, 
bun/kum, use -combe*. 
buonamano (It. f.), a 

gratuity (one word). 
Buonaparte, use Bona-. 

bur, see burr, 
burden*, not -then. 
Burdett-Coutts (A. G., 

Baroness), 1814-1906. 
bureau/*,/*/. -x*(notital.). 
Bureau Veritas, maritime 

underwriters' association 

at Brussels (two caps.), 
burgamot, use ber-*. 
burgaudine*, mother of 

pearl, not -ndine. 
burgeois, see bourgeois 


burgess, abbr. burg. 

burgh* (Sc), a town pos- 
sessing a charter, not 

burglar*, not -er. 

burgomaster * (one 

word) ; abbr. burg. 

burgrave *, a governor, 
not burgg-. 

Burgundy*, a wine. 

Burial Service (caps.). 

burl*, a lump in cloth. 

burl., burlesque. 

Burlington House, Lon- 
don (caps.). 

Burm/a, not -ah ; -an, 
native of Burma,//, -ans. 

Burne- Jones (Sir Ed- 
ward), 1833-98, painter 

burnous *, Arab cloak, not 
-e, bernouse (ital.). 

Burntisland, Fife (one 

burnt sienna*, orange- 
red pigment, not — siena. 

burr*, a rough edge, not 

Burren, Co. Down. 

Burrin, Co. Galway. 

burthen, ms^ burden*. 

bus*, omnibus, not 'bus, pi. 
buses: omnibus to be 
used in print. 

bushel*, 2218 cubic inches; 
in U.S.A. 2150-4 ; abbr. 

Bushey/, Herts ; — Park, 
Middlesex, not -hy. 

Bushmills, town in An- 
trim (one word). 


Bushy House, National 
Physical Laboratory. 

busybody*, not busi-. 

Butterleigh, Devon. 

Butterley, Derby. 

buttermilk* (one word). 

buyer's option, abbr. b.o. 

Buys-BaUot (C. H. D.), 
1817-90, meteorologist. 

B.V.* Beata Virgo (the 
Blessed Virgin) ; b.v., 
bene vale (farewell) ; 
B.V.M., Beata Virgo 
Maria (the Blessed Virgin 

B.W.G., Birmingham wire 

B.W.I., British West In- 

B.W.T.A., British Wo- 
men's Temperance Asso- 

bx., bxs., box, -es. 

by and by* (no hyphens). 

bye/, -a (cricket), abbr. b. 

bye-bye*, a nursery good- 
bye (hyphen). 

by-election* (hyphen). 

bygone* (one word). 

by-lane * (hyphen). 

by-law*, «o^bye-. 

byname*, a sobriquet (one 

bypath* (one word). 

by-play* (hyphen). 

by-plot *, by-product *, 
not bye-. 

by-road* (hyphen). 

bystander* (one word). 

by-street* (hyphen). 

by the by* (no hyphens). 

by-'walk*, a private walk 

by-"way* (hyphen). 

bjrvrord* (one word). 

byzant*, Ms^be-*. 






C, Catholic, centigrade, 
century, chairman, Chan- 
cellor, Chancery, chief, 
Church, (mus.) common 
metre, Congress, -ional, 
Conservative, consul, con- 
tralto, counter-tenor, -s. 
Court, the third in a series, 
and all proper names with 
this initial. 

C*, carbon, centum (a hun- 
dred), lOO. 

C, cent, -s, centime, chapter, 
city, conductor, constable, 
cubic, (cricket) caught, 
(elec.) current, (naut.) 

C, circa^ a'rciter, circum 

O (inverted C), 500. 

C.A., Chartered Account- 
ant, Chief Accountant, 
commercial agent. Con- 
federate Army,. Controller 
of Accounts. 

Ca (chem.), calcium. 

ca., cases, cathode. 

fa (Fr.), here. 

Caaba*, the most sacred 
shrine at Mecca, not K-. 

caaing-whale, use 

ca*ing — *. 

cabana*, a cigar, not -na. 

cabbala*, Heb. tradition, 
not k-, cabala, -alia. 

cabinet cards, 6^2 x ^^Uin. 


Cabul, use Kabul. 

ca' canny (Sc), go easily! 

cachemire, use cash- 

cacbG'poussiere (Fr. m.), 
dust-coat, dust-cloak. 

cachet*, a packet. 

cachet* (Fr. m.), seal, 
signet, characteristic. 

cacique*, W. Indian and 
S. Amer. chief, not caz-. 

cacodemon*,an evilspirit, 
not -daemon. 

cacoetbesj* (Lat.), an evil 
habit; — loquendi, an 
itch for speaking ; — scri- 
be ndiy ditto for writing. 

cact/us* (bot.), //. -i. 

caddis/*, May- fly larva, not 
-ice ; ■wrorm*. 

cadeauj* (Fr. m.), a gift ; 
pi. -X, 

cadi*, Oriental judge, not 

cadit qusestio (Lat.), the 
question falls. 

cadmium *, symbol Cd*. 

caduce/us*, pi. -i*. 

Cadwaladr, Welsh prince, 
not -allader. 

CSBc/um*, the blind gut, not 
ce-; pi. -a*. 

Caedmon, d. 670, poet, not 
Ce- ; pron. ked'mon. 

Caermarthen, use Car-. 

Caernarvon, use Car-. 

casrulean, use ce- *. 

CaBsar/, -ean*, «o^-ian. 

CaBsarea Philippi. 

caesium*, symbol Cs*. 

caBsura*, division of a 
metrical line, not ce-. 

caBteris paribus, use 

cafe* (Fr. m.), coffee-house 
(6, not ital.). 

caf6\ au lait (Fr.), coffee 
and milk ; — noir, strong 
coffee without milk. 

caffe (It.), coffee-house (i). 

CafiEre, use Kafir*. 

caftan *, Turkish, etc., gar- 
ment, not k-. 

Caher, Co. Limerick. 

cabier* (Fr. m.), a paper 
book, sheets of MS., exer- 
cise book. 

Cahir, Tipperary. 

Caiaphas, high priest 



Cailliaud (F.), 1787-1886, 

Fr. traveller, 
caiman, use cay-*. 
Cainan, grandson of Seth 

(see also Canaan). 
Caine (T. H. Hall), 

1853-, writer, 
ca'ing- whale*, a porpoise, 

not caa-. 
cainozoic* (geol.), not 

caeno-, ceno-, kai-. 
caique*, a boat, not cai-. 
**Ca ira," That's the thing! 

Fr. song. 
Cairene, native of Cairo. 
Cairnes (J. E.), 1823-75, 

Cairns (Earl), 1819-85, 

Lord Chancellor, 
caisson*, ammunition 

chest, not cassoon ; pron. 

Caister - on - Sea, Great 

Caistor, Lines, Norfolk. 
Caius College, Camb, 

pron. kez ; abbr, C.C, 
cajuput* (bot.), not caja-, 

caky, not -ey. 
Cal., California (oflBcial 

cal., calendar. 
cal. (mus.), calando. 
calabrasella, a card game, 
calamanco*, a woollen 

stuff, not cali-, calli-. 
calamary*, the squid. 
calamus* J a reed, a pen. 
calando* (mus.), tone and 

rate diminished ; abbr. 

calcareous*, Ko/-ious. 
calcedony, use chal-*. 
calcium*, symbol Ca*. 
calculator*, not -er. 
ca/ai/er(Fr.typ.),to "cast 

off" MS. 
calcul/us*, internal con- 
cretion ; pi. -i*. 
Caldecott (Randolph), 

1846-86, artist. 
caldron, use caul-*. 
calendas, calends, not k-. 


calendar *, an almanac, 

not k- ; abbr. cal. 
calender *, to make 

calender* (Pers.,Turk.), a 

dervish, not k-. 
calends*, the first day of 

the m onth ; the Greek — , 

a time that never comes, 

not k-. 
calf, abbr. cf. 
" Caliban upon Sete- 

bos," by R. Browning, 
calibre*, not -er. 
Calibum*, King Arthur's 

sword, not cala-, cale-. 
calico/*, pi. -es. 
California, official abbr. 

calig/a, episcopal stocking; 

pi. -80. 

caligraphy, use calli-*. 

calimanco, use cala-*. 

caliper, use calliper*. 

caliph/*, -ate*, not -if, 
kalif, -iph. 

calippic, use calli-*. 

calisaya*, cinchona bark. 

calisthenics, not call-. 

cal/ix, use -yx.*. 

calk, use caulk*. 

Callander, Perth. 

Callendar (Prof. H. L.), 
1863-, physicist and 
stenographer (see also 

calligraphy*, not cali-. 

Calliope, muse of elo- 
quence ; pron. ka-ly'6-p6. 

calliper*, not cali-. 

callippic *, not cah-. 

Callirrhoe, wife of Alc- 
maeon ; pron. kal-i-r5'e. 

callisthenics, use call-. 

Calmann - Ij6vy, pub- 
lisher, Paris. 

calmia (bot.), use k-*. 

Calmucks, use Kal-. 


calori/meter*, heat meas- 
urer; -motor*, voltaic 

calotte *, skull-cap, not 
-ote, callot. 


caltrop* (mil.), iron ball 
with spikes, not -throp, 

calumniator*, not -er. 

Calve (Emma), 1866-, 
Fr. singer. 

Calverleigh, S. Devon. 

Calverley, Leeds, and Tun- 
bridge Wells ; — (C. S.), 
1835-84, writer. 

caly/x*, not -'vs.; pi. -ces*. 

Camaeho*s wedding, 
useless show. 

Camaralzaman, in ** Ara- 
bian Nights." 

Camb, Cambridge. 

camblet, use camlet*. 

Cambodia, near Siam, not 
-oja, Kamboja. 

Cambrai, Fr., not -ray. 

cambrai, machine-made 

Cambray stone, moss 

Cambridge/, abbr. Camb. 
Cantab.; — Univer- 
sity, C.U. 

Cambridgeshire, abbr. 

Camd. Soc, Camden So- 

camellia*, «o/-elia. 

camelopard*, the giraffe, 
not -leopard. 

camelot, use camlet "^ 

Camembert, a cheese. 

cameo/*, pi. -s. 

^amera/*, pi. -s; — ob- 
scura*, not — oscura. 

Camera Stellata, the Star 

Cameroons, Ger. Afr., use 

camlet*, a woollen stuflf, 
«o/-blet, -elot. 

Camoens (Luis de), 
1524-80, Port, poet, not 

camomile * (bot.), not cha-. 

Campagna di Boma, the 
plain round Rome. 

campanile/*, a belfry ; pi. 


Campbell - Bannerman 

(Sir H.), 1836-1908, 
statesman (hyphen). 

Campbeltown, Argyl. 

Campeche Bay, City, or 
State, Mexico,KO/-peachy. 

camp jo (It.), open ground, 
pi. -i; campo santo (It., 
Sp.), a cemetery. 

Can., Canada. 

can., canon, canto, cantoris. 

Canaan, son of Ham {see 
also Cainan). 

Canada, abbr. Can. 

Canada* (Sp.), a gorge. 

canaille * (Fr.f.),the rabble. 

Canaker, use Kanaka *. 

Canaletto (Antonio), 
1697-1768, It. painter. 

canalize ♦, not -ise. 

Canapitset, Mass.,«o/-ett. 

Canara, Bombay, use K-. 

canardi* (Fr.m.), an absurd 
story, a duck ; — sali- 
vate, wild-duck. 

canaster*, a tobacco, not k-. 

cancel* (typ.), deleted 
matter, a reprint correct- 
ing error, the signature to 
be preceded by *. 

cancel/*, -led*, -ler*, 
-ling*, -ment*. 

Candahar, use K-. 

candelabr/um*, a candle- 
stand ; pi. -a *. 

« Candide ", by Voltaire. 

Candiote, native of Candia, 
more usually Cretan. 

Candlemas-Day, 2 Feb. 

canepborjos* (arch.), pi. 

canetOD (Fr. m.), duck- 

Cannabis*, «o/Cana-. 

Cannes, S. Fr.; pron. kan. 

Canning (George), 1770- 
1827, statesman ; — 
(C. J., Earl), 1812-62, 

cannon/*, -ade*; in Fr. 
m. canonic -nade. 

cannon-bone *,«o/canon-. 

canny* (Sc), knowing, 
not -ie. 

canon, abbr. can. 



canon* (typ.), Eng. forty- 
four point type, about 
three-fifths of an inch 

canon* (Sp.), a gorge ; 
pron. ka'nyon. 

canonize*, not -ise. 

" Canon's Yeoman's 
Tale ", by Chaucer. 

Canosa, Abruzzi, S. Italy. 

Canossa, Modena, N. Italy ; 
to go to — , "to eat 
humble pie". 

Canova (Antonio), 1757- 
1822, It. sculptor. 

Canrobert (F. C), 1809- 
95, Marshal of France. 

canst* (no apos.). 

Cant., Canterbury, Can- 

can't* (typ.), to be set close 

Cantabrigian*, of Cam- 
bridge, not -dgian. 

Cantabrigiensis, of Cam- 
bridge University ; abbr. 

cantaloup*, a musk-melon, 
not -eloup, -eleup. 

Canterbury, abbr. Cant. 

canticle*, a hymn; abbr. 

Canticum Canticorum, 
** The Song of Songs ". 

cantilever*, a form of 
bridge, not -alever, -iliver. 

cantinijer*, fem. -hre*, 
a canteen-keeper. 

Cantire, Argyl, use Kin- 

canto/*, a song; pi. -s*, 
abbr. can. 

cantonment*, military 
quarters ; pron. kan-toon'- 

cantoris, of a precentor ; 
abbr. can. 

Cantor Lectures (Royal 
College of Physicians, and 
Society of Arts). 

Cantuar,, Cantuan'a, Can- 
tuariensis (of Canterbury). 

Cantuar: signature Abp. 
of Canterbury (colon). 

Cantuarian, of Canter- 
Canute, use Cnut. 
canvas*, coarse linen, 
canvass*, to solicit votes. 
caoutchouc*, india-rubber. 
cap., capital letter, capitu- 
lutn (a small head, or 
knob), foolscap. 
cap., caput (head). 
cap-k-pie*, from head to 
foot, not — a — (not ital.). 
Cape/ (typ.), when with 
name cap. ; — Breton, 
Nova Scotia, not Briton, 
Britton, Britun, abbr. 
C.B. ; — Haitien, W. 
Indies, not Hay- ; — 
of Good Hope, abbr. 
capercailzie*, not -caillie. 
Capernaite*, inhabitant 

of Capernaum. 
Cape Town, S. Africa 

(caps., no hyphen). 
Cape Verd Islands, not 

— de Verd, — Verde. 
capibara, use capy-*. 
capitalize*, «o^-ise. 
capitalization*. When 
in doubt use lower case. 
Initial capitals for : — 
Abstract qualities 
personified: OFame! 
Acts of Parliament 

(titles of). 
Adjectives derived from 
proper names, as Ga^ 
gantuan, Homeric, but 
not those which by use 
have become common, 
as brussels sprouts, 
morocco leather. 
Architectural pe- 
riods : the Renais- 
Associations,as Charity 

Organisation Society. 
Bible, and synonyms. 
Botany, all divisions 
higher than species, that 
is, genera, families, 
orders, classes {see also 


capitalization {cont). 

Churches, as Wesleyan 

Compass point abbre- 
viations, N., N. b E., 
N.N.E., N.E. b N., 

Compound titles, 

as Assistant -Adjutant- 
General, Chief Justice, 
Ex-President, Major- 
General, Vice-Presi- 

Days, as Christmas Day, 
Lady Day, Monday, 
New Year's Day. 

Deity (the Christian) 
synonyms and pro- 
nouns, as Almighty, 
Christ, Donitnus, Fa- 
ther, God, He, Him, 
Himself, His, Jehovah, 
Lord, Me, Mine, the 
Deity, Thee, the Holy 
Trinity, Thine, Thy, 
Who, Whom. 

Emphasis — as a means 

Festivals, as Easter, 

German substantives, 
but not adjectives de- 
rived from proper 
names, or denoting a 
class ; also personal 
pronouns of the second 

Government (the). 

Historic names and 
phrases, as the Dark 
Ages, the Plague, 

House of Lords, 
Commons, etc. 

Interrogation: the next 
word following a note 
of interrogation (?) 
should generally begin 
with a capital letter. 

MS., MSS., manuscript, 
-s (one point only). 

Nicknames, as the Iron 
Duke, the Admirable 

capitalization (cont.). 

O I and Oh I— the inter- 

Palaeontology, all divis- 
ions higher than species. 

Periods, caps, after all, 
except abbreviations. 

Poetry, beginning of 
each line in modern 
English and French ; 
not necessarily in Ger- 
man, Latin, or Greek. 

Political bodies, as 
Assembly, Senate. 

Postal district abbre- 
viations, as E.C. 

Proper names, includ- 
ing English Christian 
names, surnames, and 
names of an individual, 
family, place, locality, 
and the like, except 
initial ^ Also verbs 
formed from them, as to 

P.S., postscript (two 

Quotations, complete 
and intended to be em- 
phatic : " Thou art the 

Hank, when individuals 
are referred to or ad- 
dressed by their rank, 
as " the Squire said ", 
" Good evening, Gen- 
eral ". 

Religious denomina- 
tions. Nonconformist. 

Hoads, Gardens, 

Gates, Groves, 

Hills, Parks, 

Squares, Streets, 
Terraces, etc., when 
with name. 

Sects, as the Primitive 

Sovereign (the), in pro- 
clamations, all personal 
pronouns referring to, 
as Him, His, etc. • 

Speeches, first letter of 

State (the). 

49 i 


capitalization (cont). 

Titles, and Sub-titles, 
ofbookSjthe important 
words only, as "Com- 
promise", "I Forbid 
the Banns". 

Titles of corporations. 
Board of Trade. 

Titles of courtesy and 
of honour: H.R.H., 
T.R.H., President 

Roosevelt, His Grace, 
Sir John Smith, J. 
Smith, Esq., Mr. J. 
Smith, etc. 

Titles of distinction, 
as F.R.S., LL.D., are 
usually put in large 
caps. Even s.caps often 
improve general effect. 

Titles of periodicals, 
pictures, plays, etc.: 
"The Times"; "Chill 
October"; "Hamlet." 

Titles of poems and 
songs, vv^hen formed 
from the first line, to 
be similarly capitalized, 
as " I Fear no Foe", 
" Where the Bee 
Sucks ". 

Trade Association 
Titles : Ironfounders 
Engineers (no apos. 
used by this Assoc). 

Zoology, all divisions 
higher than species : 
genera, families, orders, 
capital letter, abbr. cap. 
capitals (large), indicat- 
ed in MS. by three lines 

underneath the letter ; 

abbr. cap. {See also 

capitalization. ) 
capitals (small'^ , usually 


TYPE, indicated in MS. 
by two lines underneath ; 
may be used (with initials 
in- large caps.) in printed 
letters for the address, 
date, and signature, and 
for name of newspaper in 

paper itself ; they should 
not be used for side-head- 
ings in catalogues, dic- 
tionaries, and educational 
works. They are not 
used in German or Gr. 
Abbr. s.cap.,/)/. s.caps.; 
even s.caps, ditto with- 
out large initials. 

capitulum (Lat), a small 
head, or knob ; abbr. cap. 

capres (Fr. pi. f.), capers. 

caps, and smalls (typ.), 
to set in small capitals 
with the initial letters in 
large capitals ; abbr. c. 
and s.c. 

capsize *, not -ise. 

Captain, abbr. Capt. 

caption *<typ.), the heading 
of a chapter, section, or 
page (used mostly in 

Captivity (the) of the 
Jews (cap. C). 

capucine*, dark-orange 

caputj* (Lat.), head, abbr. 
cap, ; — mortuum *, 
worthless residue. 

capybara*, largest living 
rodent, not capi-. 

Car., Carolus (Charles). 

car, bog, pool, us€ carr*. 

car., carat. 

carabiniers, not carb-. 

Caracci, family of painters, 
1 550-161 9, not Carr-. 

Caractacus, fl. a.d. 50, 
King of Silures. 

carafe*, water-bottle, not 
-S, -ffe. 

caratnbal (Sp.), wonder- 
ful ! how strange ! 

carat*, a weight, not 
caract, carrat, karat ; abbr. 
K., or car. 

caratcb* (Turk.), tax on 
Christians, not -ach, -age. 

Caravaggio (M. A. A.), 
1569-1609, painter. 

caravanserai*, «o/-sary, 
-sera, -sery. 

cara"way*, not carra-. 



carbineers, use cara- 

carbolize *, not -ise. 

carbon*, symbol C*. 

carbonize*, not -ise. 

carburetted*, not -eted. 

carburettor*, not -er. 

carcass/*, not -ase ; pi. -es. 

carcinom/a*, pi. -ata*. 

card., cardinal. 

cardamom.*, not -on. 

cards (sizes of) : 
cabinet, e'^/g X 47i6 in. 
carte de visite, 4^/g x 2^3 
double large, 6 x 472 

„ small, 4'/4X37g 
extra thirds, 3^16 x I'/g 
half large, s^/iexaV^ 
„ small, 27,6 xi'/^ 
large, 4V2X3VH 
quad large, 9 x e'/g 

„ small, 7^8 X 4^'/ie 
reduced small, s^a x 2^8 
small, a'/i,x3»/i, 
thirds, 3^18 x i^a 

carSme (Fr. m.), Lent. 

care of, abbr. c/o. 

Care Sunday* (Sc), fifth 
in Lent. 

caret*, insertion mark (a). 

car/ex*, sedge; pi. -ices*. 

Carey (Henry), d. 1743, 
poet and composer ; — 
(Matthew), 1760-1839, 
publicist ; — (Rosa W.), 
writer ; — Lane, E. C, 
— Road, N. E. ,— Street, 
W.C. {see also Cary). 

carfax*, the intersection 
of streets, not -fox. 

cargo/*, pi. -es*. 

Caribbean* Sea, not 

Cariboo, Brit. Columbia. 

caribou*, American rein- 
deer, not -boo. 

Caribou Mountain, 

cariole, use carr-*. 

Carisbrooke, LW. 

carita (It. art), representa- 
tion of maternal love. 

Carleton, Yorks. 

Carlile (Richard), 1790- 

1843, politician; Carlile 
(Rev. W.), 1847-, head 
of Church Army (see also 
Carlisle, Carlyle). 

carling* (naut.), a short 
beam, not -line. 

Carling Sunday*, fifth 
in Lent, not -lin. 

Carlisle, Cumberland ; — 
(Earl of); — (J. G.), 
1 835-, American states- 
man (see also Carlile, 

Carlovingian *, not K-. 

Carlovitz, Austria, not 

Carls/bad, -krona, -ruhe, 
use J8I-. 

Carlton, Beds, Cambs, 
Notts, Yorks. 

Carlyle (Thomas), 1795- 
1881, writer (see also Car- 
lile, Carlisle). 

Carlylean*,Mo^-eian, -ian. 

Carmagnola, Piedmont. 

" Carmagnole " *, 
and dance. 

Carmarthen, not Caer-. 

Carnarvon, not Caer-. 

Carnatic, India, use K-. 

" Carnaval de Venise," 
popular air. 

Carnegie (Andrew), 
1837-* millionaire ; pron. 

carnelian, use cor-*, 

carn/ival*, in Fr. m. -aval, 
in Ger. n. Carneval. 

Carnoustie, Forfar; pron. 

carol/*, -er*, -ing*. 

Carolus*, Charles ; abbr. 

Carpathian Mts. ,«s* K-. 

carpe diem (Lat.), enjoy 
the day. 

carpet/*, -ed, -ing*. 

carpjus*, the wrist ; pi. -/. 

carr*, bog, pool, not car. 

Carracci, use Caracci. 

carrageen*, Irish moss, 
not — moss, -gheen. 

Carrara marble. 

carrat, use carat*. 

51 i* 


carraway, use cara-*. 

carrelet (Fr. cook, m.), 

Carribbean, use Cari-*. 

Carrigtwohill, Cork (one 

Carrington (Earl, not 

carriole*, a carriage, not 

carrot*, in French f. 

Carrousel (Place du), 

Carrutherstown, Dum- 
fries (one word). 

Carsebreck, Scotch curi- 
ing centre. 

Carse o* Gowrie, Pertli. 

carte* (fencing), «o/quarte. 

carte blanche*, full dis- 
cretion (not itaL) ; abbr. 

carte-de-visite/*, pi. 
c.d.v. ; — cards, 4^1 x 
2V3 in. 

cartel*, a challenge, «o/ ch-. 

Carter, Paterson & Co., 
carriers, London. 

cartography*, not ch-. 

cartouche* (arch.), scroll 
ornament, (archaeol.) en- 
closing line on ancient 
Egyptian monuments, not 

Cartouche (L. D.), 1693- 
1721, Fr. Dick Turpin. 

carvel-built* (naut.), 
with smooth planking. 

Cary (H. F.), 1772-1844, 
translator of Dante ; — 
(Lucius), Lord Falkland, 
1610-43; — (Phoebe), 
1824-71, writer {see also 

caryatid/*, female figure as 
a column; pi. -es*. 

caryop/sis*, a fruit ; pi. 

C.A.S., Connecticutensis Ac- 
ademic Socius (Fellow of 
the Connecticut Academy 
of Arts and Sciences). 

** Casa GuidiWindows," 

by Mrs. Browning. 

Casaubon (Isaac), 1559- 
1614, scholar. 

cascara/* (Sp.), a bark 
canoe ; — sagrada, a 

casein*, not -ine. 

cases, abbr. ca. 

cash*, Chinese coin, ^/^d. ; 
Sumatran — , i^/jd. (not 

cash., cashier. 

Cashmer, India, use K-. 

cashmere*, soft wool 
fabric, not -meer, cache- 
mere, -ire {see also cassi- 

Casimir-Perier ( J.P.P.), 
1847-1907, French Pres. 
1894-5 (no accent). 

casing, a brown paper, 
46 X 36 in. 

casino/*, pL -a (not ital.). 

cask/, -s, abbr. ck. 

Caslon tjrpe, an "old- 
faced" type as cut by 
W. Caslon, 1692-1766. 

cassareep*, a condiment, 
not -ireepe. 

Cassation (Cour de) ♦ (f.), 
highest court of France. 

cassava* (hot.), the man- 
ioc, not -e, casava. 

Cassegrainian*, a form of 
telescope (cap.). 

Cassel, Ger., use K-. 

casse paper* (typ.), out- 
side quires of a ream, not 
cassie — . 

cassetur billa (law), let 
the bill be quashed. 

Cassim Baba,in "Arabian 

cassimere*, twilled wool- 
len cloth, not casi-, karsi- 
mer, kerseymere {see also 

Cassiopeia (astr.), a con- 

Cassivellaunus,y7. 50 b.c. , 
British prince. 

cassoon, an ammunition 
chest, use caisson*. 



cast (typ.), a direction that 
the proof is passed and 
the plate may be made. 

CasteUammare (2 m's). 

caster*, one who casts {see 
also -or). 

Castle Gary, Somerset. 

Castlecary, Dumbarton, 

Castlerea, pron. -ray. 

Castlereagh, pron. -ray. 

Castleton, Derby. 

Castletown, I. of Man. 

cast/ off (typ.), to estimate 
amount of printed matter 
MS. would make ; — up, 
to estimate cost of com- 

castor*, a beaver or its fur, 
a wheel for furniture {see 
also -er). 

Castor and Pollux, stars, 
also patrons of sailors. 

casus j belli (Lat.), the 
cause of war; — fcsderis, 
case stipulated by treaty ; 
— omissus f case unpro- 
vided for by statute. 

cat., catalogue, cataplasm, 

catachthonian*, subter- 

cataclysmist*, «o^-matist. 

Catalan*, of Catalonia; 
abbr. Cat. 

Catalan! (Angelica), 
1 782-1849, singer. 

Cataline, not Cati-. 

catalogu/e*, abbr. cat. ; 
-ed*, -er*, -ing*, -ize*. 

catalogue raisonnS 

(Fr. m.), an explanatory 

catalytic*, «o/k-. 

catamaran*, a raft. 

cataplasm *, abbr. cat. 

catarrhine*, a section of 
the monkeys, not -arhine. 

Catch (Jack), use Ke-*. 

catch-line* (typ.), a tem- 
porary head-line on 
proofs, etc. 

catchpole*, a sheriflF's 
ofl&cer, not -poll. 

catchup*, a sauce, usually 
ketchup *, not catsup, 
katsup, ketsup. 

catchword* (typ.), the 
heading of each article in 
a dictionary, etc. (see also 
headings, index, etc.). 

catechism, abbr. cat. 

catechiz/e*, -er*, -ing*. 

catechu*, an astringent, 
not cascheu, caschu. 

categorize*, to classify. 

caten/a*, a chain ; pi. -sb. 

catenati, chained books. 

cater/* (campan.), changes 
on nine bells ; corner- 
ed*, sheets of paper not 

cut square ; cousin*, 

a good friend. 

Cath., Catherine, Catholic. 

cath., cathedral. 

Catharine/, Kansas, New 
York, Pennsylvania; — de* 
Medici, 1519-89, Queen 
of France, not -erine. 

Cathay, poetical for China, 
not K-. 

cathedral, when with name 
cap., as Ely Cathedral ; 
abbr. cath. 

Catherine, abbr. Cath. 

catttismja, Gr. Ch. Psalter; 
pi. -ata. 

cathod/e*, abbr. ca. ; -ic, 
-ograph; notk-. 

Catholic, abbr. C, or 

catholicize*, not -ise. 

Catholicos*, Patriarch of 
Armenia, not -kos. 

cation* (elec), electro- 
positive element, not k- ; 
pron. kat'i-On. 

cat-o*-nine-tails* (hy- 

cat*s-cradle*, a children's 
game, «o/cratch-, scratch-. 

Catskill Mountains, 
New York. 

cat*s paw* (naut.), a light 
air, not catspaw. 

catsup, see catchup*. 

Cattegat, W. of Sweden ; 
in Dan. Kattegat. 



Cattermole (George), 
1800-68, painter. 

Cattleya, an orchid genus. 

caubeen*, the Irish hat. 

Cauchy (A. L.), 1789- 
1857, French mathemati- 

caught (cricket), abbr. c. 

cauldron*, «o/cal-. 

caulk*, to make water- 
tight, not calk. 

caus., causation, -tive. 

causaj causans* (Lat.), a 
primary cause ; — cau- 
sata*j a secondary cause ; 
— mali, a cause of mis- 
chief; vera — *, a true 

causati/on, -ve, abbr. 

cause cSlhbre (Fr. f.), 
famous law case. 

causerie (not ital.). 

causeur (Fr. m.), a con- 
versationalist, tattler. 

causeuse* (Fr. f.), a small 

cauterize*, not -ise. 

cautery* (actual), by hot 
iron ; electric — , by 
platinum wire ; poten- 
tial — , by caustics. 

cautionnement (Fr. m.), 

cav., cavalry. 

C.a.v, (law), curia advisare 
vult (the court desires to 

cava, use k-*. 

Cavagnari(SirIj.), 1841- 

Cavalcaselle (G. B.), 

1820-97, It. writer on art. 
"Cavalleria Rustica- 

na" (Rustic Gallantry), 

opera by Mascagni 1890 ; 

pron. ka-val-a-re'a — . 
cavalry, abbr. cav. 
cavass, Turkish police 

officer, use Is.-*. 
caveat} actor(LB.t.), let the 

doer beware ; — emptor, 

ditto buyer; — viator, 

ditto traveller. 

caveator*, one who enters 
a caveat. 

cave canem (Lat.), beware 
of the dog. 

cavel (naut.), a cleat, not 
-il, kevil. 

cavesson*, a nose-band for 
horses, not -zon. 

caviare*, not -ar, -arre, 
-er, -ere (not ital.). 

cavil/*, -led, -ler*, 

cavo-rilievjo* (It.), hollow 
relief;//. — -/. 

Cavour (count C), 
1810-61, It statesman. 

Cawnpore, India, not 

Caxton ("William), 1422- 
91, first English printer; 
a genuine book of his has 
no title page, no roman 

^' or italic type, no commas 
of ordinary shape, no 

Cayenne, or Pr. Guiana. 

Cayley (Arthur), 1821- 
95, mathematician. 

cayman/*, Amer. alligator, 
not cai-, kai- ; pi. -B, 

cazique, use cacique*. 

C.B., Cape Breton, Cavalry 
Brigade, Chief Baron, 
Common Bench, Com- 
panion of the Bath, Con- 
fined to Barracks ; cbL, 
carte blanche; C.B.S., 
Confraternity of the 
Blessed Sacrament. 

C.C., Caius College, Cape 
Colony, Chess Club, 
Christ Church, Circuit 
Court, City Council, -lor, 
Civil Court, Common 



Clerk, County Clerk, 
— Commissioner, — Coun- 
cil, -lor, — court, Cricket 
Club, Crown Clerk, Curate 
in Charge, Cycling Club ; 
CC, 200; C.C, compte 
courant (account current), 
cubic centimeter ; cc, 
ca^Va (chapters); C.C A.. 



Chief Clerk of the Ad- 
miralty ; C.C.C., Corpus 
Christi College; CCC, 
300; CCCC, or CD, 
400 ; C.C.C.S., Colonial 
and Continental Church 
Society; C.C.P., Code 
of Civil Procedure, Court 
of Common Pleas ; 
C.Cr.P., Code of Crimi- 
nal Procedure ; C.C.S., 
Ceylon Civil Service. 

CD, 400; Cd (chem.), 
cadmium ; C.d., cum 
dividend (with dividend); 
C.D.S.O., Companion of 
the Distinguished Service 
Order, usually D.S.O. ; 
c.d. v., carte-de-visite. 

C.E., Canada East, Chief 
Engineer, Church of 
England, Civil Engineer. 

Ce (chem.), cerium. 

Cead mile failte ro- 
mhat (Irish), a hundred 
thousand welcomes before 

Cecidomyia destructor, 
the Hessian fly. 

cedar*, a tree. 

ceder*, one who cedes. 

cedilla* c (typ.), the f. 

eel., celebrated. 

celaj est selon (Fr.), that 
depends on circumstances 
(use d'est selon) ; — 
va sans dire, that is a 
matter of course ; — vien- 
dra, that will come. 

celebrated, abbf. eel. 

celebrator*, not -er. 

cSlebre (Fr.), famous. 

cSIerJ {Fr. m.), celery. 

celestialize*, ttot -ise. 

celiac, use cceliac*. 

cSIibataire* (Fr. m. or f), 
a bachelor or spinster. 

cellar*, not -er. 

*celli, see 'cello. 

Cellini (Benvenuto), 
1500-71, sculptor and en- 

'cellist (mus.), a violoncello 
plaj'er; pron. ch6l'ist. 

'cell/o*, violoncello; pron. 

chel'o, pi. -i. 
Cels., Celsius (temperature 

scale same as centigrade). 
Celt/*, -ic*, -icism*, not 

K- ; abbr. Celt, 
cembalist*, • orchestral 

Cene Thursday*, day be- 
fore Good Friday, 
cenogamy, use cce-*. 
cenozoic, «s^caino-*. 
censer*, incense vessel, 
censor*, Roman magis- 
censor morum (Lat.), a 

regulator of morals, 
cent., centigrade, central, 

cent/, -s, American coin; 

abbr. c, ct., or cts. 
cental/, -s, abbr. etl. 
centauromaohy, a battle 

between centaurs, 
centen/ary*, -nial*. 
centering*, framing for an 

arch, not -reing {see also 

centigrade* (not cap.); 

abbr. C.*, or cent, 
centigram, off. spell. Board 

of Trade, not -gramme ; 

abbr. c, or eg. 
centilitre *, '07 gill, not -er ; 

abbr. cl. 
centime/, -s, abbr. c, or 

centimetre *, -394 inch, not 

-er; abbr. 5. and pi. 

Centner*, in Ger. iio^i 

lb.; in U.S.A. 100 lb. 
central, abbr. cent, 
centralize*, «o^-ise. 
centr/e*, -ed*, -ing* (s^ 

also centering), 
centre-notes (typ.), those 

between columns. 
Centrist*, member of Fr. 

Central party ; or of Ger. 

cents, abbr. c, or cts. 
centum*, a hundred; abbr. 

C, or cent (no point). 



centum vir/*, Roman com- 
missioner; pi. -i*. 

century (typ.), spell out 
in bookwork ; abbr. C, 
or cent. {See also nine- 
teenth century.) 

cephalic *,-«o/k-. 

ceramic*, etc, «o/k-; abbr. 

Cerberus* (Greek myth.). 

cerebell/um*, the hinder 
brain ; pi. -a. 

cerebr/um*, the brain 
proper ; pi. -a. 

cere/cloths *, - ments *, 
grave-clothes; /»ro«. seer-. 

cereous*, waxy. 

cerge, use cie- *. 

ceriph (typ. ), use serif. 

cerise (Fr. f.), cherry. 

cerise*, a colour. 

cerium*, symbol Ce*. 

cern*, to inherit. 

ceme *, to surround. 

cert., certificate, certify. 

certiorari*, a writ (not 

cerulean*, not cae-, cae-, 

Cervantes Saavedra 
(Miguel de), 1547-1616, 
author of " Don Quixote. " 

Cesarean, use Cae-*. 

Cesarevitch, heir to Rus- 
sian throne, use Ts-. 

Cesarewitch, horse-race. 

cespititious*, cespi- 

tous*, turfen. 

cesser* (law), the coming 
to an end. 

c'est/.^-d/re(Fr.),thatis to 
say ; — k vous a parJer, 
it is your turn to speak ; 

— k vous de parler, it 
is your duty to speak ; 

— bien fa, that's just it ; 
—Ja guerre, it's accord- 
ing to the customs of war ; 

— le premier pas qui 
COtJtte, it is the first step 
that is diflBcult. 

Cestr., signature of Bishop 

of Chester (full point). 
Cestrian*, of Chester. 

(festjseion (Fr.), that de- 
pends on circumstances ; 

— tout dire, that's say- 
ing everything. 

cestui que/ trust* (law), 
a beneficiary, pi. cestuis 

— — (npi trustent); — 

— vie*, he on whose life 
land is held, pi. cestuis 

c'est uae autre cliose*, 

that's another matter. 
cestus *,a girdle,«o/ -os,-on. 
cesura, use cbb- *. 
ceteraj desiderantur or 

— desunt (Lat.), the rest 
are wanting. 

ceteris paribus* (Lat.), 
other things being equal, 
not cae-. 

Cetinje, capital of Monte- 
negro, not Cettin,Cetinge, 
Cettinje, Zetinje. 

C.E.T.S., Church of Eng- 
land Temperance Society. 

C.F., Chaplain to the Forces ; 
cf., calf, co«/%r (compare) ; 
c.f.i., cost, freight, and 

tain of the Guard, coast- 
guardjColdstream Guards, 
Commissary - General, 
Consul-General ; eg., cen- 
tigram ; C.G.H., Cape of 
Good Hope; C.G.S., cen- 
timetre - gramme - second 
system, Commissary-Gen- 
eral of Subsistence. 

C.H., Captain of the Horse, 
court - house, custom 
house ; Ch., China, -ese, 
Church, and proper names 
with this beginning, (Lat.) 
Chirurgix (of surgery); 
ch., chapter, chief, child, 
-ren, chirurgeon, (mus.) 
choir organ. 

cliaconne*, dance.^ 

cbacunsongo6t{a) (Fr.), 
every one to his taste. 

Chad (Lake), use Tchad. 

chadar (Ind.), use cbud- 




chairman (m. and f.), 

abbr. C, or chn. 
chaise-longue*, a couch. 
chal*, a. gipsy ; /em. chai*. ♦ 

chalaz/a* (biol.), />/. -aB*. 
chalcedony*, a quartz, not 

calce-, chalci- ; pron. kal-. 
Chald/aic*, -aism* (not 

-aeism), -ean*, -ee*; 

abbr. Chald. 
chalet*, a Swiss cottage, 

not cha- (notital.). 
Challemel-Lacour (P. 

A.), 1827-96, French 

chamb., chamberlain. 
"Chambers's Encyclo- 
paedia**, etc. 
Chambertin*, a Burgundy 

cbambrej h coucber 

(Fr. f.), bedroom, pi. 

cbambres — — ; — 

(Faail, spare bedroom, 
chameleon*, not chamse-. 
chamfer*, to bevel, 
chamois-leather *, not 

shammy- — . 
chamomile, usg cam-*. 
Chamonix, dep. Haute- 

Savoie, not -ouni, -ounix, 

champagne*, a wine, 
champaign*, a flat open 

champerty*, an illegal 

agreement, not -arty. 
cbamplgnon* (Fr. m.), a 

mushroom, not -pinion. 
champlev6, an enamel. 
Champollion (J. F.), 

1791-1831, Egyptol. 
Champs Elysees, Paris. 
Chancellor, abbr. C, or 

chance-medley* (law), a 

form of homicide(hyphen). 
Chancery, abbr. C. 
change/able*, -ability*, 
channel/*, -led*, -ling*, 
chanson/* (Fr. f.), a song; 

-nette*, a little song, 
chant/ *, singing ; -er *, of 

bagpipes, tiot chau-. 


chantey (naut.), a sailor's 
song, not -ty. 

Chantilly, dep. Oise. 

Chantrey/ (Sir F.), 1781- 
1841, sculptor ; — Fund, 
Royal Academy of Arts, 

chap/*, a skin-crack, not 

chap., chaplain, chapter. 

Chapeauj *{Fr.m.), ahat,/>/. 
-x; cbapeaux has I hats 
off ! cbapeau rouge, red 
cap of the Republic. 

chapel* (typ.), an associa- 
tion of journeymen in a 
printing office. 

Chapel Hill, Lines and 
Yorks (two words). 

Chapelhill, Perth (one 

cbapelle ardente (Fr. f.), a 
chapel lighted for a lying 
in state (no hyphen). 

chapelonians(typ.), mem- 
bers of a '' chapel." 

Chapel Royal, pi. Chap- 
els — . 

Chapel Town, Monmouth. 

Chapeltown, Banff, Co. 
Down, Kerry, Yorks 
(one word). 

chaperon*, «o^one,-onne. 

chaplain, abbr. chap. 

Chappell (William), 
1809-88, music publisher, 

Chaptal (J. A.), 1756- 
1832, introduced metric 

chapter/, -s, abbr. c, ch., 
or chap. ; (typ.) first 
words. caps. With fancy 
initial, rest of word to 
be in caps. If first two 
words a proper name, 
both to be in s.caps. ; 
— (cited titles of), to 
be roman double-quoted. 

chapter-headings (typ.), 
type a matter of taste ; no 
general rule can be stated. 

char/*, -red*, -ring*. 

char-^-banc*, an open 


carriage with transverse 

characteriz/e*, not -ise ; 
-able*, -ation*, -er*. 

charbon* (Fr. m.), coal, 
also anthrax. 

charg6 *, more fully ch arg6 
d'affaires* (not ital). 

Charity Organisation 
Society, off.,«o^organiz-; 
abbr. C.O.S. 

Charlemagne, a.d. 744- 

Charles, abbr. C, orChas. 

Charlottenbnrg, Berlin. 

Charlotte Russe* (cook.), 
a custard. 

Charon* (class, myth.), the 
ferryman ; pron. ka'ron. 

charpoy* (Ang.-Ind.), bed- 
stead, not -ai. 

ehartel, use car- *. 

Chartered Accountant, 
abbr. C.A. 

Charteris,/'ro«. char'ters. 

charter-party* (naut.) 

chartography, use ca-*. 

chart paper, machine- 
made from best rags. 

Chartreuse* (Fr. f.), a 

Chartreux*, a Carthusian 

Chas., Charles. 

Chasles (Michel), 1793- 
1880, mathematician. 

cbassej* (Fr. f.), a liqueur 
glassful, hunt; — marie, 
coasting or fishing vessel. 

cbassS (Fr. m.), a dancing 

chSsse (Fr. f.), a shrine. 

Cbasseujr* (Fr.), a hunts- 
man ; fem. -se. 

chassis*, window sash, a 
framework as of motor- 
car (not ital.). 

Chaste Week, one after 
Quinquagesima Sunday. 

chastis/e*, not -ize ; 
-ement*, -ing*. 

ch&teau/ * ( Fr. m . ) , a castle ; 
pi. -X* (not ital.). 

Chateaubriand (P.R. A., 

vicomte de), 1768-1848, 

writer and statesman. 
•Chateaubriant, dep. 

Chateaudun, dep.Eure-et- 

chateaux en Espagne 

(Fr.), ''castles in the air." 
Chateauguay, Quebec. 
Ch§,teau-Ijaffitte,a claret 

(hyphen, a/'s, 2 fs). 
chatelain/*, lord of the 

manor ; fent. -e*. 
Chaucer (Geoffrey), 

chauffeur, motor - car 

chaunt/, -er, use chant*. 
chaussee* (Fr. f.), a cause- 
way, the ground level. 
chaussures*{FT. f.), boots, 

shoes, etc. 
Chautauqua, New York 

State, celebrated resort. 
Ch.B., Baccalaureus Chi- 

rurgiae (Bachelor of 

Ch. Ch., Christ Church, 

cheek*, to stop (see also 

checker, use chequer*. 
Cheddar cheese*, not-er. 
cheeper *, partridge- or 

Cheeryble Brothers, in 

<' Nicholas Nickleby." 
cheetah*, hunting leopard, 

not chet-. 
cbefj* (Fr. m.), a cook; 

— de cuisine, head cook; 

— d'orcbestre, leader 
of the orchestra ; — 
-d'ceuvre*, a master- 
piece, pi. cbefs — *. 

Cheiroptera*, not Chir-. 

chem/ical*, -ist*, not chy- ; 
abbr. chem. 

chemin de fer(Fr. m . ) , rail- 
way ; pi. cbemins . 

chemistry* (typ.), caps, for 
initial letters of symbols, 
no point at end, or be- 


tween symbols of com- 
pounds. Firil names in 
reman, not caps., not chy-; 
abbr. chem. 

Chemulpo, Korea,«o/-pho. 

cheque*, a written order 
(see also check). 

chequeen*, Ind, gold coin, 
not -quin. 

cheque paper (typ.), 
hand-made from best rags. 

chequer*, «o/ checker. 

Cherbourg, d6p. Manche. 

cherchez la femme (Fr.), 
look for the woman. 

chere amie (Fr. f.), a 
sweetheart (^). 

chirji (Fr.), fern, -/e, 
darling {6). 

Chersonese*, a peninsula. 

cherub/*, pi. -s*, -im*. 

cherubim*, the barn owl. 

Cherubini (M. Ii. C. 
Z. S.), 1760-1842, com- 
poser; pron. k6-ru-be'n«. 

Cheshire, abbr. Ches. 

che sark sark (It.), what 
will be, will be. 

Chesil Beach, Dorset. 

chess (masters of) : Albin, 
Blackburne, Charousek, 
Janowski, Lasker, Marco, 
Maroczy, Morphy, Phil- 
idor, Pillsbury, Popiel, 
Schlechter, Staunton, 
Steinitz, Tarrasch, Taub- 
enhaus, Tchigorin, 

Teichmann, Walbrodt, 
Winawer, Zukertort. 

"Chesse (The Game and 
Playe of),*' the second 
book printed by Caxton. 

chestnut*, not chesnut. 

chetah, use chee-*. 

chetvert, a Russian dry 
measure, not tzetver, 

chetvertak, Russian silver 
coin, not tschetwertak, 

cheval* (Fr. m.), a horse, 
pi. cbevaux ; cbevalj 
de batallle, a favourite 
subject ; — de frise* 

(mil.), obstacle to advance, 
usually in the pi. chevaux 
de frise ; cheval de re- 
tour, ticket-of-leave man. 

chevalet*(mus.), the bridge 
of a stringed instrument. 

Che valier d" Industrie * 
(Fr. m.), a swindler. 

chevance* (law), usury. 

chevaster*, chin bandage, 
not -tre, -vestre, -vetre. 

cheville*, violin peg. 

chevrette*, glove leather. 

chevreuil (Fr. m.), roe- 

Chevreul (M. E.), 1786- 
1889, French chemist. 

Cheyne Walk, Chelsea; 
pron. cha'n6. 

Chi., Chicago. 

Chianti, It. wine ; pron. 

chiaroscuro*, light and 
shade, not chiaro-oscuro. 

chibouk*, a Turkish pipe, 
not -que, -buk. 

chic*, "style" (not ital.). 

Chicago, abbr. Chi.; pron. 

Chichele, Oxford profes- 
sorship ;/roM.-6lg,«o/ -eel. 

chick* (Ang.-Ind.), a 
screen-Wind, not check, 

chickabiddy*, a term of 
endearment, not chu-. 

Chickahominy (battles 
of the). 

chicory*, «o/chiccory. 

chief, abbr. C, or ch. ; 
Chief/ Accountant, 
C. A. ; — Baron, C.B. ; 
— Justice* (caps., no 
hyphen), abbr. C.J. 

chield* (Sc), a young man. 

chiffon*, dress fabric or 

chiffonier*, a sideboard, 
not -nnier (not ital.). 

chiffoanjier (Fr.), /em. 
-idre, rag collector (ital.). 

chiffre (Fr. m.), figure, nu- 
meral, monogram. 

chignon*, a coil of hair. 



chigoe*, W. Indian para- 
site, not jigger. 

Chib (China), 14-1 Eng. in., 
not chee, cheh, chik. 

child/, -ren, -ren's, abbr. 

"Childe Harold's Pil- 
grimage," by Byron, 

Childermas*, 28 Dec. 

childlike* (one word). 

Chile, S. America, not 
Chili; 6m/ Chilian. 

Chilian-wallah, Punjab, 
not Chill-, Killianwala. 

chilli/*, red, or Guinea, 
pepper, not chile, chili, 
chilly ; pi. -es*. 


chilogramma (It.), kilo- 

Chimborazo, Ecuador. 

chimer*, a bishop's gar- 
ment, «o/-ere. 

chimera*, a creation of 
the imagination, not 
-sera ; pron. kl-me'ra. 

Chin/a, -ese, abbr. Chin. 

chincapin*, dwarf chest- 
nut, not -kapin, -quapin. 

Chinchas, ancient Peru- 

chinchona, wsaicin-*. 

cbin6 (Fr.), coloured in 
Chinese fashion. 

Chinese/, abbr. Ch., or 
Chin. ; — Classics, the 
sacred books. 

Cbing (China), 121 sq. ft. 

cb^ingiChmsL), 72,600 sq. ft. 

chip/*, -ped*, -ping*. 

chipmuck*, a N.American 
squirrel, not -munk. 

chiromancy*, wo/cheiro-- 

Chiron, the centaur, not 

chiropodist*, not -ped- ; 
pron. kl-. 

Chiroptera, use Cheir-*. 

chirosophy*, palmistry, 
not cheir-. 

chirrup/*, -ed, -ing*. 

cbirurgiss (Lat.), of 
surgery ; abbr. Ch. 

chit*, chitty* (Ang.-Ind.), 
a letter. 

Chittagong, Bengal. 

chlorine*, symbol CI*. 

chloroformize*, «o/-ise. 

chlorophyll* (bot.), not 
-il, -yl. 

Ch.M., Chirurgix Magister 
(Master of Surgery). 

chn., chairman. 

chock-full*, «o/ choke-. 

Chocta"W, N. American 
Indians, not Chacatos, 
Chactaws, Chakta. 

choir*, part of a church, or 
singers, not quire. 

choke-full, use chock- *. 

cholera morbus, cholera 

Cholmeley, Cholmonde- 
ley, Chomley, all pron. 

Cholmondeley (Mar- 
quess of) ; — (Mary), 
writer ; — -Pennell 
(H.), 1837-, writer. 

chop, see chap. 

Chopra (F. F.), 1810-49, 
Polish composer. 

«* Chops of the Chan- 
nel***, west entrance to 
English Channel. 

chorus/*, pi. -es*; -ed*. 

chose* (law), a thing. 

Chose (Monsieur) (Fr.), 
Mr. So-and-so. 

cbota-bazri (Ang.-Ind.), 
early breakfast. 

Chota Nagpore, Ben- 

cbouj (Fr. cook, m.), cab- 
bage, puflF (pastry), a 

dress rosette ; fleur, 

cauliflower (hyphen), pi. 
cboux-fleurs ; cboux 
de Bruxelles, brussels 
sprouts; chou marin, 

Chr. Coll. Cam., Christ's 
College, Cambridge. 

Christ Church, abbr. Ch. 

Christ -cross -row*, the 
alphabet, not criss . 



Christe eleison, "Christ, 

have mercy." 
Christian/*, -ity* (cap.). 
Christianize*, Mo/-ise. 
Christie, Manson, & 

"Woods, auctioneers, 

Christmas Day (caps.); 

Old ,6 January. 

Christ's College, Cam- 
bridge ; abbr. Chr. Coll. 

chromatosphere * (astr. ) , 

saw^as chromosphere*, 
chromium*, symbol Cr*. 
chromolithography * 

(one word). 
chron., chronology, -ical, 

Chronicles,abbr. i Chron. , 

or a Chron. 
chronologize*, to arrange 

chronologically, not -ise. 
chronopher*, apparatus 

for electric time-signals, 
chrysal (archery), a defect 

in a bow. 
chrysal/is *,/>/. -ides*. 
Chi^saor, son of Nep- 
Chryaeis, dau. of Chryses. 
chrysoprase*, «o/ -phrase. 
Chrysos, patron of art. 
Chrysostom (St. John), 

A.D. 347-407. 

chthonian*, subterranean; 
pron. tho'ni-an. 

chthononosology*, geo- 
graphy of diseases. 

chuddar* (Ang.-Ind.), 
female over-garment, not 
the many variations. 

Chur, Ger. and oflf. Swiss 
for Coire. 

Church (typ.), initial cap. 
when referring to a body 
of people, as the Wesleyan 
Church ; lower-case for 
building ; abbr. C, orCh. 

church/-scot*, church tri- 
bute ; — -text* (typ.), 

sUnbtt anb tall form -of 
hlvLtk kttzt. 

churchwarden* (one 

chute *, slide, etc. ; pron. sh-. 

chutney*, not -nee, -ny. 

chymist, use che-*. 

C.I., Channel Isles, (Order 
of the) Crown of India. 

Cibber (CoUey), 167 1- 
1757, Poet Laureate. 

cicad/a*, the tree cricket ; 
pi. -SB, 

cical/a* (It.), the grass- 
hopper ; pi. -e *. 

cicatri/x*, />/. -ces*. 

cicatrize*, «o/-ise. 

Cicero, 106-43 b.c. ; abbr. 

ciceron/e*, a guide,/*/, -i*; 
pron. chich-er-o'n6. 

Cicestr., signature Bishop 
of Chichester (full point). 

C.I.D., Criminal Investiga- 
tion Department. 

Cid Campeador, 1040-99, 
Spanish warrior. 

cider*, not cy-. 

ci-devant*, formerly (not 

C.I.E., Companion of (the 
Order of) the Indian 

C/e (Fr.), compagnte (com- 
pany) (no point). 

cierge*, large caudle, not 
cer-, ser-. 





and freight, 
cigala, use cicada* or 

Ci'git (Fr.), here lies, 
cili/um*, a hair-like ap- 
pendage ; pi. -a*. 
Cimabue (G.), 1 240-1300, 

It. painter; pron. cheem- 

cim/eter, -itar, -iter, use 

cim/ex*, bed-bug; pi. 

-ices *. 
Cimmerian*, intense 

darkness (cap.), 
cinchona* (bot), not chin-. 
cinematograph, use k-. 
cineraria/* (bot.), pi. -s*. 


cinerarium*, a place for 
cremation residue. 

Cingalese*, Ceylon native ; 
pi. same, not Singhalese. 

cingiil/um*, a girdle or 
zone ; pi. -a. 

Cinquecento*, Renais- 
sance period from 1501. 

cipher*, not cy-. 

cipollino, veined white 
and green Italian marble. 

Cipriani (Giambat- 
tista), R.A., 1737-85, 

circ, a prehistoric stone 

circ, circiter^circutn (about). 

C/rca* (Lat.),about ; abbr.C. 

Circean*,of Circe, «o/-8ean. 

circiter{Lsit. ), about ; abbr. 
C, or circ. 

circle, sign O ; arc of 
circle, r^. 

Circuit Court, abbr. C.C. 

circuit edges (binding), 
covers turned over to 
protect the leaves. 

circulariz/e*, to issue cir- 
culars, «o/-ise; -ing*. 

circam (Lat.), about; abbr. 
c, or circ. 

circumcise*, not -ize. 

circumflex* (typ.), the 
accent, a, e, 1, 6, it. 


circumstance: meresitua- 
tion is expressed by "in 
the circumstances ", ac- 
tion affected is performed 
"under the circumstan- 
ces" (O.E.D.). 

Cirencester,/>nj«. ciz'i-ter. 

cirque*, a circus (not ital.). 

cirrhosis*, a liver disease. 

cirrus*, a curl-like tuft, a 
cloud, not -rhus. 

Cisalpine*, on the Roman 
side of the Alps (cap., 
one word). 

ciseauj (Fr. m.), chisel ; 
pi. 'Xf scissors. 

ciseljeur (Fr. m.), a metal- 
chaser ; -ure (f.), art of 

Cis-leithan/* (adj.), -ia 
(noun), Austria-Hungary. 

cist (archaeol.), but cyst* 

cit., citation, cited, citizen. 

citations, see authori- 
ties, also quotations. 

cities/ (typ.), names of, 
not to be abbreviated if 
avoidable ; — of Refuge : 
east of Jordan, Bezer, 
Ramoth, Golan ; west of 
Jordan, Hebron, She- 
chem, Kedesh. 

citizen, abbr. cit. 

Cito (Lat.), quickly. 

ciioyen] (Fr.), fern. -nCt 

citrinous*, lemon-col- 

Cittadinjo (It.), a citizen, 
pi. -/; fern, -a, pi. -e. 

city, abbr.C.; City Editor, 
the supervisor of financial 
matters (see also cities). 

ciudad (Sp.), city, not cui-. 

C.I.V., City Imperial 

civ., civil, -ian. 

civics*, the science of 
citizenship. • 

Civil/ Court, abbr. C.C. ; 
— Engineer, abbr. C.E. 

civiliz/e*, not -ise; -able*. 

Civil/ Servants, — Ser- 
vice (caps.), abbr. C.S. 

C.J., Chief Justice. 

ck., cask, -s. 

C.Xj., Commander (of the 
Order) of Leopold. 

CI, chlorine. 

cl., centilitre, class, clause, 
clergyman, cloth. 

ClackTTi annan, Scotland 
(three «'s). 

Clairaut (A. C), 1713-65, 
Fr. math., not -ault. 

claire-cole, use clear- *. 

clairvoyant/*, fem. -e* 
(not ital.). 

clam/*, -miness*, -my*. 

clamjamphrie*(Sc.), rub- 
bish, also a mob, not the 
many variations. 



clang*, quality of musical 
sound; in Ger. Klang, 

clangor*, not -our, 

Clanricarde (Marquess, 
not of). 

clans/man*, pi -men. 

ClaparMe (J. L. B. A. 
E.), 1832-70, naturalist. 

claptrap* (one word). 

claquer*, hired applauder ; 
in Fr. m. claqueur*. 

clar. (mus.), clarinet. 

clarabella* (mus.), an or- 
gan stop, not clari-. 

Clarenceux*, the second 
King-of-Arms, not -cieux. 

clarendon type, thick- 
faced, as this; indicated 
in MS. by a waved line 
underneath ; abbr. clar. 

Claretie (Jules), 1840-, 

clarinet/ *, -tist *, not 
-ionet ; abbr. clar. 

** Clarissa HarloTve," by 

Clark/ (Alvan), optician ; 

— (Sir Andrew), 1826- 
93, physician J — lecture, 

Clarke (Mrs. Cowden), 
1809-98, Shak. scholar ; 

— (Sir Edward), 1841-, 
K.C. ; — (Sir G. Syden- 
ham), 1848-, writer {see 
also Clerke). 

class, abbr. cl. 

class., classic, -al, classifi- 

classes (bot., zool.), (typ.) 
to have caps. 

class I is*, a presbytery; pi. 

clat*, noisy talk, a tattler. 

Claude Lorraine, 1600- 
82, Fr. painter, not ain. 

clause so-and-so (typ.), to 
have cap. C ; of para- 
graphs thus, (i), (2), (3) ; 
abbr. cl. 

clavjis*, a key; pi. -es. 

eld., cleared (goods or 
shipping), coloured. 

clean (typ.), said of proofs 

or revises with few errors, 

or pulled after matter has 

been corrected, 
clear-cole*, a coating of 

size, not claire-. 
clear days, time to be 

reckoned exclusive of the 

first and last. 
cleared(goods or shipping), 

abbr. eld. 
clearstory, use clere- *. 
Cleator Moor, town in 

clef (mus.), § bass, 



cleistogamous *, not k-. 
Clemenceau (E.), 1841-, 

Fr. politician, not Cle-. 
Clemens (S. L.), 1835-, 

pen-name " Mark Twain.'' 
clench* (to) the fist or 

fingers, grasp firmly, fix, 

settle {see also clinch), 
clenge* (Sc), to clean ; 

(Sc. law) to acquit, 
clepsydra/*, a time meas- 
urer, not k- ; pi. -s*. 
cleptomania, use'k-*. 
clerestory*, a special 

upper row of windows, 

not clear-, 
clergy/man, -men, abbr. 

cl., or clerg. 
clericalize*, «o/-ise. 
clerk, abbr. elk. 
Clerke (Agnes M.), 1842- 

1907, astr. 
Clerk-Maxwell( James) , 

1831-79, physicist, should 

be J. C. Maxw^ell. 
Clerk/ of Parliaments 

(caps.); — of the Peace, 

abbr. C.P.; — of the 

Privy Council, abbr. 

clevis*, a link or swivel, 

not clives, clivies. 
clew*, of a sail, but to 

follow a clue*. 
clich/6* (typ.), a stereo or 

electro block (not ital.); 

-eur, stereo-maker. 



clicker* (tjrp.), a foreman 
compositor, or maker-up. 

Clicquot (Veuve), a brand 
of champagne. 

clientele*, clients collect- 
ively (no accent, not ital.). 

clinch* (to), a nail, to make 
fast a rope in a special 
way, to make firm and 
sure — as an argument {see 
also clench). 

clinic*, «o/ clinique. 

** Clinker (Humphry »», 
not -ey), by Smollett. 

clinometer *, not k-. 

cliqu/e*, -ism*, -y*, not 
-eism, -ey (not ital.), 

clish-ma-claver* (Sc), 

Clitheroe, Lanes. 

clitor/is* (anat.), pi. -ides. 

elk., clerk. 

Cloaca Maxima, sewer of 
ancient Rome (caps.). 

cloak*, not cloke. 

cloche* (hort.), bell-glass. 

clocher*, a belfry (not ital.). 

Cloch Point, Clyde, «o/-k. 

clod/*, -ded*, -ding. 

Clodd (Edward), 1840-, 

cloff*, an allowance on 
commodities, not clough. 

cloisonn6*, enamel (not 

cloke, use cloak*. 

close (typ.), the second 
member of any pair, as 
" ] ) ; proyt. clOz. 

close up (typ.), to push 
together, to remove spac- 
ing-out leads ; close 
matter, unleaded, or 
thinly spaced. 

closure *, in Fr.f. cidture*. 

Clos Vougeot, a Burgundy 

clot-bur* (bot.), burdock, 
«o^clote-, cloth-. 

cloth/, abbr. cl. ; — of 
Bruges, gold brocade. 

clotted cream, not clouted 

Cidture* (Fr. f.), closure. 


clouds, kinds of: (i) cirrus, 
(2) cirro-cumulus, (3) cir- 
ro-stratus, (4) alto-cumu- 
lus, (5) alto-stratus, (6) 
strato-cumulus, (7) cumu- 
lus, (8) cumulo-nimbus, 
(9) nimbus, (10) stratus. 

cloudy (naut.), abbr. c. 

clough, use cloff*. 

clouted cream, use clot- 
ted —. 

clove-hitch*, a knot (hy- 

C.L.P.A., Common Law 
Procedure Act. 

C.Ij.Il., Central London 

clubbable*, not clubable. 

clue* (to follow a), but 
clew* of a sail. 

Clim/iac*, -ist*, of Cluny. 

Cluny, France, not -i. 

Clwyd, river, N. Wales. 

Clydebank, Dumbarton, 
a town. 

clypeiform*, shield-like. 

Clytemnestra, wife of 
Agamemnon, not Clytae-. 

CM., Certificated Master 
or Mistress, Chirurgix 
Magister (Master of Surg- 
ery), Church Missionary, 
(mus.) common metre, 
Corresponding Member; 
cm., causa mortis (by 
reason of death) ; cm., 
centimetre ; C.M.D. 

(mus.), common metre 
double ; cmdg., com- 
manding ; C.M.G., Com- 
panion of (the Order of) 
St. Michael and St. 
George ; eml., commer- 
cial ; C.M.S., Church 
Missionary Society; 

C.M.Z.S., Corresponding 
Member of the Zoological 

Cnut, not Canute, Knut. 

CO., Colonial Office, Com- 
manding Officer, Criminal 
Office, Crown Office; Co, 
cobalt ; Co., Colon, Com- 
pany, county; c/o, care of. 


coacL, coadjutor, 
coagul/um *, a clot ; /»/. -a *. 
coak*, a dowel, also "bush" 

of a sheave. 
Coalbrookdale, Salop, 
coal-field* (hyphen). 
coalmouse* (ornith.), the 

coal titmouse, not cole-. 
coal-pit* (hyphen). 
coarticulate*, to articulate 

together (no hyphen). 
coast-guard* (hyphen) ; 

abbr. C.G. 
cob*, Spanish dollar. 
cobalt*, symbol Co*. 
Cobb (Thomas), 1854- , 

writer ; — (W. F.), 1857-, 

Cobbe (Frances Power), 

1822-1904, writer. 
cobb paper, that used for 

the sides of books. 
coble*, boat, «o/ cobble. 
.Coblenz, not -tz, K-. 
cobra de capello*, the 

snake, not da, di. 
Coburg, Iowa ; Saxe , 

not -ourg, -urgh. 
cocaine*, not -ain. 
cocco* (bot.), Jamaica plant 

tuber, not cocoa, coco. 
Cocculus indicus* (bot.). 
Cochin-China (hyphen). 
cochle/a*, the ear passage ; 

pi. -se. 
cocbon de lait (Fr. m.), 

sucking pig. 
Cockaigne*, London, not 

Cocagne, Cockayne, 
cockatiel*, Australian 

cockatoo, not -teel. 
cockatoo/*, pi. -s. 
cockee* (curhng), the 

Cocker (Edward), 1631- 

75, wrote "Arithmetic." 
cockie-leekie, use cocky- 
Cockney (cap.). 
cockscomb*, a plant; 

cox- *, a fop. 
cockswain, use cox-*, 
cock-up* (typ.), a superior 

letter ornumber, as r in M'. 

cocky-leeky* (Sc), hotch- 
potch, a soup, not cockie- 
leekie, cock-a-leeky. 

Codes (Horatius), pron, 

cocoa-bay*, a W. Indian 

coco-nut*, not cocoa-, 
coker-, koker-. 

Cocos Isles, B. of Bengal. 

COCOtte (Fr. f.), a prosti- 

cocqcigrues, see coque-, 

Cocytus, a river in Hades. 

C.O.D., cash, or collect, 
on delivery. 

cod., codex. 

coddle*, not codle. 

Code Wapoleon (Fr. m.), 
civil code promulgated 

cod/ex*, ancient MS., abbr. 
cod. ; pi. -ices*, abbr. 

cod-fish* (hyphen). 

codling*, a fish, also apple, 
not -in. 

codon, the bell-shaped 
mouth of trumpets, etc. 

co-education*, education 
of the two sexes to^ 

coefficient* (one word). 

** Coelebs in Search of a 
"Wife," by Hannah More. 

Coelenterata*, a zool. sub- 
kingdom (not ital.). 

coeliac*, abdominal, noice-. 

ccenogamy, community of 
wives, not ce-. 

coerulean, use ce-*. 

coetaneous*, of the same 
age, not coae-. 

coeternal (one word). 

coeval* (one word). 

coexist* (one word). 

coextensive * (one word). 

coffer-dam*, a watertight 

cognate, abbr. cog. 

COgaati (law), relations by 
mother's side. 

cogaitjutn, any object of 
cognition ; pi. -a, 
65 5 


cogniz/e* «o/-ise ; -able*, 
-ance*, -ant*. 

cognosce ntje* (It.), a con- 
noisseur ; pron. ko-nyo- 
shen'ta, pi. -i. 

cognovit actionem * (law) , 
an acknowledgment. 

coheir/*, -ess* (one word). 

Cohnheim (J. F.), 1839- 
84, German pathologist. 

oohow*, Bermudian shear- 
water, not cahow, cohoo. 

coiffjeur* (Fr. m.), hair- 
dresser; -ure* (f.), head- 

coignye, use coynye*. 

Coire,Grisons, Switz. ; Ger. 
and offic. Swiss, Chur. 

coits, use quoits *. 

Col., Colonel,Columbia Dis- 
trict (U.S.A.), Colossians. 

col., colonial, column. 

colander*, a strainer, not 
colla-, cuile-. 

colcannon*, an Irish dish, 
not cale-, cole-. 

colchyte* (Egypt, antiq.), 
a ritual reader, not chol-. 

Col.-Corp., Colour-Cor- 

Coldstream/, Berwick, a 
town ; — Quards.Mo/ The 
Coldstreams, abbr. C.G. 

cole-pixy, use colt-pixie*. 

Colerain, N. Carolina. 

Coleraine, Londonderry. 

Coleridge (Sara, not -ah), 
1802-52, writer. 

cole-slaw* (U.S.A.), a 

colic/*, -ky*. 

coliform*, sieve-like. 

Colin/Clout, pastoral name 
in " Faerie Queene " ; — 
Tampon, nickname of a 
Swiss {see also Cblyn). 

Coliseum, London {see also 

coll., colleague, collection, 
collector, college. 

collaborate ur* (Fr. m.) 

collaborator* (not ital.). 

coUaj parte or — voce 

(mus.), adapt to principal 
part or voice ; abbr. coi, 
p., or col. VO. 

collapsible*, not -able. 

collat., collateral, -I3'. 

coUat/e* (typ.), to put the 
sheets of a book in right 
sequence, to compare 
critically ; -or*, not -er. 

colleague, abbr. coll. 

collect., collectively. 

collectable*, not -ible. 

collectanea*, collected 

colleot/ion,-or,abbr. coll. 

Collections, an Oxford 

colleen* (Ang.-Irish), a girl. 

college, abbr. coll. 

College de France (m.). 

College of Justice*, Sc. 
supreme courts. 

COllegijunif an ecclesias- 
tical body uncontrolled by 
the State ; pi. -a. 

collie*, a dog, not -y. 

Collinge axle, not Collins. 

coUodionize*, not -ise. 

coUop*, a piece of meat. 

colloq., colloquial, -ly, -ism. 

colloquijum*, talk ; pi. -a. 

collotype*, a gelatine-pro- 
cess plate. 

Colo., off. abbr. Colorado. 

colombelle (Fr. typ. f.), a 

Colombia (Republic of), 
S. Amer. {see also Cdbx-). 

colombier paper, use 
colum- *. 

Colombo, cap. of Ceylon, 
not Colu-. 

Colon, Cent. Amer. ; abbr. 
Co. {see also Columbus). 

colon, in Fr. m. deux 
points y in Ger. m. Dop- 
pelpunkt, or (n.) Kolon 
{see punctuation, VI). 

Colonel/, abbr. Col. ; — 
Bogie (golf), the imagin- 
ary player. 

colonial, abbr. col. 

Colonial OflBlce, abbr. 



coloniz/e*, «o/-ise ; -able*, 

colophon* (typ.), the im- 
print of a book. 
Colorado, off. abbr. Colo, 
coloration*, not colour-. 
Colosseum*, Rome {see 

also Colis-). 
Colossians, abbr. Col. 
Colossus* of Rhodes. 
Colour (trooping of the), 

not colours. 
Colour-Corporal, abbr. 

Col. -Corp. 
coloured, abbr. eld. 
colourist*, not colorist. 
Colour - Serjeant, not 

-geant; abbr. Col.-Seij. 
col. p. (mus.), colla parte 

^ adapt to principal part). 
Colston's Day, Bristol, 

13 Nov. 
colter, use cou- *. 
colt-pixie *, a mischievous 

fairy, not cole-pixy, 
columbari/um *, a dove- 
cot, place for cremation 

urns ; pi -a*. 
Columbia District, 

U.S.A., abbr. Col. {see also 

columbier *, a draw^ing 

paper, 34^/2 X 23^0 in- 7 «o/ 

Colombia, -ier. 
columbium*, symbol Cb*, 

now called niobium *. 
Columbus (Christo- 
pher), 1436-1506; inSp. 

Cristoval Colon, 
column, abbr. col. 
columnja* (anatO, pi. -«*. 
colure (astr.), each of tv^^o 

great circles. 
Colvile (Sir H. E.), 

1852-1907, Maj.-Gen. 
Colville (Lieut. -Col. A. 

E.W.), Rifle Brigade ; — 

(Sir W. J.), 1827- ; — 

of Culross (Viscount). 
col, VO, (mus.), colla voce 

(adapt to principal voice). 
"Col3m Cloute," by John 

Skelton {see also Colin). 

Com., Commander. 

com., comedy, comic, com- 
mission, -er, committee, 
common, -er, -ly, com- 
mune, -ity, communicate, 
-ed, -tion. 

com/a* (astr., bot., med.), 
pi. -89. 

comb., combine, -ed, -ing. 

combat/*, -ed*, -ing*, 
-ive *. 

Combermere (Viscount) . 

combin/e, -ed, -ing, abbr. 

Comdt., Commandant. 

come-at-able *, accessible. 

Comidie francalse, 

official name of Le 
ThSStrefran^als (I.e. /). 

com6dienl* (Fr.), actor; 
fern. -ne*. 

comedy, abbr. com. 

comendador (Sp.), a 
knight commander. 

cornel prima (It. mus.), as 
at first; — sopra, as 
above, abbr. CO, sa, 

comfiture *, not con-. 

comfrey* (bot.), not cu-. 

comic, abbr. com. 

Com.-in-Chf., Comman- 

comitatus*, a retinue, a 
county or shire ; pi. same. 

Comltia]*, a meeting of the 
Senate of Dublin Univer- 
sity ; — j^stivalia, ditto 
in summer ; — Hiemalia, 
ditto in winter ; — Ver- 
nalla, ditto in spring. 

comm., commentary, com- 
merce, commonwealth. 

comma/*, pi. -s* (see 
punctuation, VII, 

scratch comma). 

Commandant* (accent on 
first syll.) ; abbr. Comdt. 

commandeer*, to seize 
for military service. 

Commander/, abbr. Com . ; 

in-Chief (hyphens), 

abbr. Com.-in-Chf. ; — 
of the Faithful, the Sul- 
tan of Ottoman Empire. 
67 6* 


commanding, abbr. 

cmdg. ; Commanding 
Ofiacer, abbr. CO. 

commanditaire* (Fr. m.), 
a sleeping partner. 

commandite* (Fr. f.), 
limited liability. 

com.mando/* (S. Afr.), a 
party for military pur- 
poses ; pi. -s. 

comme ci, comme fa 
(Fr.), indifferently, so-so. 

comme il faut (Fr.), as it 
should be. 

commendam*, ecclesias- 
tical benefice. 

comment ary.abbr. comm . 

commenter*, not -or. 

commerce, abbr. comm. 

commercial/, abbr. cml. ; 

— A (typ.), @ = at; — 
a gent, abbr. C.A. ; — en- 
velopes, 5V2 X 3^4 in.; — 
letter, folded writing- 
paper, iixS'/a in- > — 
note, ditto, 8x5 in. ; — 
stroke (typ.), as in 5/-. 

commisj (Fr. m.), a clerk ; 

— voyageur, commercial 

Commissary - General 

(hyphen) ; abbr. C.G. 
commission/, -er, abbr. 

commissio/naire* (not 

ital) ; in Fr. m. -nnaire. 
commit/*, -table* {not 

-ible),-ted*, -ting*, 
committee* meets, not 

meet ; abbr. com. 
committ/er*, one who 

commits ; -or* (law), a 

common/, -er, -ly, abbr. 

Common Bench, abbr. 

common metre/ (mus.), 

abbr. C, or C.M. ; 

double, C.M.D. 
commonplace ♦ (adj.) 

(one word). 
Common / Pleas, abbr. 

C.P.- — Prayer, C.P. 

common -sense* (adj.) 

common sense*, adj. 
with noun (no h3'-phen). 

Common Serjeant*, not 
-geant ; abbr. C.S., or 

Common Version, abbr. 
C.V., or Com. Ver. 

commonwealth (not 
cap.); abbr. comm. 

commorient* (law), dying 
together, as by shipwreck. 

communaliz/e*, -ation*. 

commune, abbr. com. 

commune bonum (Lat.), 
a benefit to all. 

communibus annis 

(Lat.), in average years. 

communicat/e, -ion, -ed, 
abbr. com. 

communi consensu 

(Lat.), by common con- 

communique (Fr. m.), an 
official report. 

community, abbr. com. 

communize*, to make 

comp,, comparative, com- 
parison, compile, -ed, -er, 
-ation, composer, -ition, 
-itor, compound, -ed. 

compactor*, one who 
compacts, not -er. 

COmpagnie (Fr. f.), com- 
pany ; abbr. Cie (no 

compagnon (Fr. typ. m.), 
a journeyman. 

Companion of the 
Bath*, abbr. C.B. 

company, abbr. Co. {see 
also compagnie). 

comparati ve,abbr. comp . 

comparator*, an appara- 
tus for comparing. 

compare one thing with 
another (to note agree- 
ment or difference) ;— o ne 
thing to another (which 
it is believed to resemble) ; 
abbr. cf. {confer), or cp. 

comparison, abbr. comp. 



compass*(typ.), the points, 
when printed in full, to 
be hyphened without 
caps., as north-by-east, 
north-north-east, north- 
east-by-north. Abbrevia- 
tions to be caps, with 
full point after each letter, 
except b, as N., N. b E., 
N.N.E., N.E. bN., N.E. 

competit/or*,>w. -ress*. 

Compi^gne, dep. Oise. 

compil/e, -ed, -er, -ation, 
abbr. comp. 

complacent*, self-satis- 

complainant, abbr. 


complaisant*, obliging. 

« Compleat Angler," by 
Izaak Walton, 1653. 

complement*, to make 
complete, a completion. 

cotnpJetorijam*, complin; 
pl. -a. 

completory*, complin. 

complexion*, not -ction. 

compliment*, flattery. 

complin*(R.C.C.), not-ne. 

complt., complainant. 

** Complutensian Poly- 
glot***, the earliest 
complete polyglot Bible. 

compo*, composition (no 

compos/er, -ition, -itor, 
abbr. comp. 

compositeur (Fr. m.), 
composer, compositor. 

compos mentis* (Lat.) 
in one's right mind. 

compote* (Fr. f.), fruit 

compound/, -ed, abbr. 

compound ranks or 
titles, each word to have 
cap., as Assistant-Adju- 
tant-General, Vice-Presi- 

comprecation*, joint 

compris/e*, not -ize; -ed*, 


compromise*, not -ize. 

comptej (Fr. m.), an ac- 
count ; — rendu, official 
report, p/. comptes ren- 

"Comptes Rendus," of 
Fr. Academy (caps.). 

comptoir* (Fr. m.), com- 
mercial agency, also shop 

comptroller*, "erroneous 
spelling of controller *." 

Comptroller General * 
of Patent Oflace (caps., 
two words). 

Com.-Serj., Common Ser- 
jeant, not -geant. 

Comt/e (Auguste), 1798- 
1857, philosopher; -ian*, 
-ism*, -ist*. 

comte* (Fr.), Count ; /em. 
comtesse {not cap.). 

Com. Ver., Common 
Version (of the Bible). 

Con., Consul. 

con/*, to direct a ship's 
course, to examine, not 
-nn, -un ; -ning *. 

con., conclusion, conver- 

con,, conjux (consort), contra 
(against, in opposition 

con amore* (It.), with 

concensus, use conse- *. 

Concepcion, name of many 
S. Amer. places. 

Concert], -melster, -stuck 
(Ger. mus.), now Kon- 
zertl (cap.). 

concerto, abbr. etc. 

concesslonnaire* (Fr. m.). 

conch/*, a shell ; pl. -s. 

conch., conchology. 

concierg/e* (Fr. m. or f.), 
-erie* (f., no accent). 

conclusion, abbr. con. 

concombre (Fr. m.), cu- 

concordat*, an agreement 
(not ital.). 

concours (Fr. m.), a com- 


concreter*, sugar evapora- 
tor, not -or. 

concur/*, -red, -ring*. 

conde* (Sp.), a count, not 

Cond6 ("The Great"), 

condottierje* (It.), a cap- 
tain of mercenaries ; pi. 

conductor, not -er ; abbr. 

cones*, fine white flour. 

con espressione (mus.), 
with expression, not ex- ; 
abbr. con esp. 

coney, use cony*. 

conf., conference. 

Confederate Army, abbr. 

confer (Lat.), compare ; 
abbr. cf. 

conference, abbr. conf. 

confirence (Fr. f.), lec- 

conferrable*, not -erable. 

Conferv/a* (bot.), pi. -se*. 

** Confessio Amantis," 
by Gower, 1393. 

confett/i(It.), bits of colour- 
ed paper, etc.; -o, a sweet- 
meat (not ital.). 


a trusted 

friend, fern, -e ; in Fr. 
confidently fem. -e. 

confiture, use com-*. 

confiture (Fr. f.), jam. 

conformator*, apparatus 
for taking conformation. 

confrere (Fr. m.) (accent, 
not ital.). 

Confucius, 551-478 B.C. 

COng., congregation, -al, 
-alist,-ist, congress, -ional. 

congij (Fr. m.), leave; — 
d*accorder, leave to 
agree; — d'aller, ditto 
depart ; — d*appel, ditto 
appeal; — d* elite*, ditto 
elect, not — de lire. 

congou*, a black tea, not 
-o, kongo. 

con gregation /, - al, - alist, 
-ist, abbr. cong. 

Congregationalism, re- 
presentative in U.S.A. 
"The American Board 
of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions." 

congregationalize*, not 

Congress*, U.S. A, the 
legislative body (cap.) ; 
spell out number, as fifty- 
fourth, not 54th. 

congress/, -ional, abbr. 
C, or cong. 

congru/ism*, -ist*(theol.). 

Coniston, Yorks, Lanes. 

Conistone, Shipton, Yorks. 

conjugation, abbr. cocj. 

conjunct/ion, -ive, abbr. 

coDJunction(astr.), sign (5. 

conjunctiv/a* of the eye ; 
pi. -8B (not ital.). 

conjurer*, a juggler. 

conjuror, one bound by 

Conn., Connecticut. 

Conna, Cork. 

Connah's Quay, Flint. 

connaturalize*, not -ise 
(no hyphen). 

connecter*, not -or. 

Connecticut, off. abbr. 
Conn.; pron. ko-net'i-kut. 

connexion*, not -ection. 

connivence*, not -ance. 

connoisseur* (not ital.). 

conoscente, use cogno-*. 

conquistadorj* (Sp.), a 
conqueror ; pi. -es, 

Conrad, not K-. 

cons., consonant, constable, 
constitution, -al. 

Conscience (Hendrik), 
1812-83, Fl. writer. 

conscience' sake, etc. 

consenescence*, general 

consensus*, not -census. 

Conservat/ive, abbr. C. 

conservatize*, not -ise. 

conservatjoire* (Fr. m.); 
'Orio (It., Port., Sp.) ; 
Konservatorium (Ger. 
n., cap.). 



consol., consolidated. 
Consolidated Funds*, 

abbr. Consols. 
consommSj* (Fr. m.), 

broth ;— de tete de veau, 

mock-turtle soup. 
consonant, abbr. cons, 
consonantize*, to make 

conspectus* (Lat.), a gen- 
eral view (not ital.). 
constable, abbr. c, or 

Constans, mythical King 

of Britain. 
Constant (Benjamin), 

184 1- 1902, Fr. painter. 
Constantino/pie, in Turk. 

Stambul; -politan*. 
Constitution of a country 

(cap. C). 
constitution/, -al, abbr. 

<3onstitutionalize*, not 

construction, abbr. 

constru/e, -ed, abbr. 

" Consuelo,'* by George 

Sand, 1842. 
Consul, abbr. C, or Con. ; 

Lat. pi. consulss, abbr. 

Consular Clerk, abbr. 

Consul- General, abbr. 

consumah (Ang.-Ind.), 

indoor servant, use khan- 

sama *. 
consummatum es^(Lat.), 

it is finished, 
cont., containing, contents, 

continent, continue, -ed. 
contadinjo*, It. peasant, 

pi. -/*; /em. -a*, pi. 

contagllum* (Lat.), con- 
tagion ; pi. -a*. 
containing, abbr. cont. 
contakijon* (Gr. Ch.), a 

service book ; pi. -a. 
contango* (Stock Ex- 

change), charge for carry- 
ing over. 

cont, bon, mor., conira 
bonos mores (contrary to 
good manners). 

contemporize*, not -ise. 

contents, abbr. cont.; — 
(tables of) (typ.), set in 
lower-case of text type 
but one size smaller, not 
to be in s.caps. Not 
to have comma after last 
word. To be run out with 

conterminous*, tiot cot-. 

"Contes Drolatiques,*' 
1832-7, by Balzac. 

Continent/ (the) (cap.) ; 
— of Europe, etc. (not 
cap.) ; abbr. cont. 

continu/e, -ed, abbr. cont. 

contlnujum*, a continuous 
quantity ; pi. -a*. 

coat-line* (naut.), spiral 
space between rope 

contr., contract, -ed, -ion, 
-s, contrary. 

contra* (Lat.), against; 
abbr. COn. 

contrabandista* (Sp.), a 

contra bonos mores 
(Lat.), contrary to good 
manners ; abbr, COnt. 
bon. mor. 

contract/, -ed, -ion, -s, 
abbr. contr. 

contracting-out (hy- 


contractions, see abbre- 

contractor*, not -er. • 

contracts for Govern- 
ment (typ.), copy to be 
strictly followed. 

contrafagotto*, bass bas- 
soon (one word). 

contrainte par corps 
(Fr. law), arrest for debt. 

contra jus gentium (Lat.), 
against the law of nations. 

contr alt/o* (mus.), pi. 
-OS*, It./>/. -i*; abbr.C. 



contra] mundum (Lat.), 

against the world ; — 

pacem (law), against the 

contraria contrariis cu- 

rantur (Lat.), opposites 

are cured by opposites. 
contrariwise *. 
contrary, abbr. contr. 
contra t[ alea toire (Fr. law), 

conditional contract ; — de 

vente, contract of sale ; 

— synallagmatique, 

reciprocal contract. 
"Contrat Social (Le),'* 

by J. -J. Rousseau, 1762. 
contravjollnjo* (It. mus.), 

the double-bass ; pi. -I. 
contre-dance, use coun- 
contretemps* (not ital.). 
contributor*, not -er. 
control/*, -led*, -ling*. 
controls {Fr.), hall-marked, 

controller*, not comp-. 
Controller- General*, but 

Comptroller General* 

of Patent Office. 
Controller of Accounts, 

abbr. C.A. 
convent/, -ion , abbr. conv. 
conventionalize *,«o/.ise. 
conversation (ty p.), every 

new speech to begin new 

par. ; abbr. COn. 
conversazione/*, pi. -s*' 

(not ital.). 
converter*, not -or. 
conveyer*, not -or. 
convictor*, a messmate, 
convolvulus/*, pi. -es*. 
cony/*, a rabbit, not coney, 

pi. conies* ; garth*, 

a rabbit-warren. 
CoochBehar,«5^Kuch— . 
cooee*, a bush call, not 

-ey, -hee, -ie. 
cookie* (Sc. and U.S.A.), 

a small cake, not -ey, -y. 
coolie* (Ind., Ch.), native 

hired labourer, not -y. 
Coomassie, W. Afr,, use 


Cooninxloo (Q. van), 
1544-1600, Fl. painter. 

Cooper (Fenimore, one 
«), 1787-1851, writer. 

co-operate* (hyphen). 

Coopers Hill Engineer- 
ing College (no apos- 
trophe or hyphen). 

co-ordinate* (hyphen). 

Cop., Copernican. 

cot., copper. 

coparcenary* (law), joint 
heirship, .«o/ -ery. 

copeck* (Russ.), about a 
farthing, not -ec, kopeck. 

Copenhagen, in Dan. Kj0- 

Copernican, abbr. Cop. 

" Cophetua and Penelo- 
phon" (the beggar 

copia verborum* (Lat.), 
a full vocabulary. 

Copp6e(Fran9ois), 1842-, 
Fr. poet 

copper, abbr. cop.; symbol 
Cu* {cuprum). 

copperas*, protosulphate 
of iron. 

copperize*, to impregnate 
with copper, not -ise. 

coproli/th *, -te *, not k-. 

Copt., Coptic. 

copul/a* (gram.), pi. -8B. 

copy* (typ.), matter to be 
reproduced in type (see 

copy-book* (hyphen). 

copy paper, a writing- 
paper, 20 X 16 in. 

coqj (Fr. m.), cock; — de 
bruyere, black game. 

cogue (Fr. f.), egg-shell. 

coquecigrues (to the 
coming of the), the 
golden period when all 
mysteries will be cleared 
up; i.e. never; «o/cocqci-, 

Coquelin (B. C), 184 1- 
1909 ; — (E. A. H.), 1848- 
1909 ; — (Jean), 1865-, 

coquet/*, y^w. -te*, a flirt; 
-ry*, -ting*, -tish*. 



COquiUe (Fr. typ. f.), a 
wrong letter in a proof, 
(paper) post. 

Cor., Corinthians, Cornelia, 
Cornelius, Coroner. 

cor., corpus, correction, 
-ive, correlative, (mus.) 
cornet, horn. 

corah* (Ind.), a silk. 

coram]* (Lat.), in presence 
of; — Judice* (law), be- 
fore a judge; — nobis*, 
before us; — paribus*, 
before one's equals ; — 
populo *, before the 

Cor an, use "Koran*. 

cor anglais*, tenor oboe. 

Corday (Charlotte), 1 768- 
93, Fr. revolutionist. 

Cordillera/ * (Sp.), a 
mountain chain ; pi. -s. 

cordite*, an explosive. 

Cordoba, offic. Sp. for 

cord wain*, Sp. leather. 

Corea/, -n, use K-. 

co-respondent*, the man 
charged with adultery in 
a divorce case (hyphen). 

corf*, a basket;/*/, corves*. 

Corfe Castle, Dorset, a 
village (two words, caps.). 

Corflambo, the giant in 
'' Faerie Queene." 

Corinthians, abbr. i Cor., 
2 Cor. 

Corliss engine. 

Corn, Cornwall (no point). 

Com., Cornish. 

corn-crake*, the landrail 

corne/a*, theeyeball cover- 
ing ; pi. -SB. 

Comeille (Pierre), 1606- 
84, Fr. dramatist. 

Cornel/ia,-ius, abbr. Cor. 

cornelian*, red quartz, not 
carnelian, -ion. 

cornet (mus.), abbr. cor. 

cornfield* (one word). 

Corniche (La), coast road 
from Nice to Genoa ; in 
It La Cornice. 

Cornish/, abbr. Com. ; — 
gilliflower*, an apple. 

Corn Laws (caps.). 

cornjo* (It. mus.), a horn, 
pi. -/* ; corno inglese*, 
tenor oboe. 

cornuj* (anat.), hornlike 
process ; pi. -a*. 

Cornubia*, Cornwall. 

cornucopia/*, pi. -s. 

Cornwall, abbr. Corn (no 
point) ; in Fr. f. Cor- 

coroll., corollary. 

corolla/* (hot.), pi. -s*. 

Coroner, abbr. Cor. 

coronis*, Greek mark of 
contraction '. 

Corot (J. B. C), 1796- 
1875, Fr. painter. 

Corporal, abbr. Corp. 

corporealize*, to mate- 
rialize, not -ise. 

corposant*, St. Elmo's 
fire, not cour-. 

corps*, sing, and pi. 

corps! d*arm6e*, army 
corps ; — de ballet*, com- 
pany of ballet-dancers ; 

— ds bataiile*, central 
part of an army ; — de 
batiment, or — de 
logis, the main building ; 

— des lettres (typ.), 
the body of the type ; 

— diplomatique *, 
diplomatic circle ; — 
dramatique, dramatic 
body; — legislatif, re- 
presentative assembly ; — 
volant*, flying corps. 

corp/us*, the body ; pi. 

-ora*, abbr. cor. 
Corpus Christi Col- 
lege, abbr. C.C.C. 
corpjus viljef worthless 

substance ; pi. -ora 'la. 
corr., correspond, -ence, 

-ent, -ing, corrupt, -ed, 

correcteur (Fr. typ. m.), 

corrector of the press. 
correct/ion, -ive, abbr. 




correction of proofs, 
see proof correction 

Correctur (Ger. typ. f.), 
corrected proof, now 

Correggio (A. A.), 1494- 
1534, It. painter. 

corregidor* (Sp.),a magis- 

correlate* (one word, 2 r's). 

correlative, abbr. cor. 

correspond/, -ence, -ent, 
in Fr. -re, -ance, -ant, 
fern, 'ante; -ing, abbr. 

correspondence (news- 
paper) (typ.), TO THE 

be caps, and s.caps. {see 
also letters [printed]). 

Corresponding Mem- 
ber, abbr. CM., orCorr. 

Corrdze, Fr. department. 

Corrievrechan, tide-race 
oflf Argyllshire, not -kin, 

corrigend/um*, pi. -a*. 

Corr. Mem., Correspond- 
ing Member. 

corroboree*, Austral, ab- 
original dance, not -bery, 
-borie, -bory. 

corrupt/, -ed, -ion, abbr. 

corrupter*, not -or. 

corselet (Fr. dress, m.), a 
kind of external corset. 

Corsica, abbr. Cors. ; in 
Fr. f. Corse. 

corslet*, not -elet. 

Corstorphine, near Edin- 

cort., cortex. 

cortdge* (accent, not ital.). 

Cortes*, the two legisla- 
tive houses of Spain, also 
Portugal ; pron. kor'tez. 

Cortes (Hernando), 1485- 
1547, conquerorofMexico. 

cort/ex*, bark ; pi. -ices*, 
abbr. cort. 

Corunna, in Sp. Conina. 

COrvSe* (Fr. f.), feudal 
forced labour, drudgery. 

corvette*, a small frigate. 

corybant/*, a Phrygian 
priest; /»/. -es* (not ital.). 

Corycian nymphs, the 

COiyphaslus*, a chorus 
leader, not -eus ; pi. -/. 

coryphee* (Fr. m.), chief 

Coryvreckan, use Cor- 

C.O.S., Charity Organisa- 
tion Society. 

cos (math.), cosine (no 

CO. sa. (mus.), come sopra 
(as above). 

cosec (math.), cosecant. 

cosey, use cosy*. 

cosh/ar, -er (Jew.), use 

coshering*, rack-rent. 

COShery* (Jr.), feasting. 

"Cosi fan tutti," opera 
by Mozart. 

cosine* (no hyphen), abbr. 
cos (no point). 

cosmography, abbr. cos- 

cosmopolitanize *. 

COSS., consules (consuls). 

Coster (Laurens Jans- 
zoons), according to the 
Dutch, invented printing 
about 1440. 

costum/er*, a dealer in 
costumes ; in Fr. -ier. 

cosy*, not -sey, -zey, -zy. 

cotangent* (no hyphen), 
abbr. cot (no point). 

cote (Fr. f.), market quota- 
tion, figure, mark, share. 

cote (Fr. f.), hill, shore. 

cdt6 (Fr. m.), a side. 

C6te-d'Or, dep. France. 

cdtelette* {Fr. f.), a cutlet. 

coterie*, a " set " of persons 
(not ital.). 

coterminous, use cont-*. 

C6te-rdtie (Fr. f.), a red 



cotes de bceuf (Fr. f.), ribs 

of beef. 
Cdtes-du-Nord, dep. Fr. 
cotillion*, a dance ; in 

Fr. m. cotillon. 
Cotswold.Glos, Mo/Cotes-. 
cottar*, peasant, not -er. 
•• Cottar's Saturday- 
Night,** by Burns, 1786. 
cotter*, pin, wedge, etc. 
Cottian Alps, Savoy and 

cotton, in Fr. m. coton. 
Cottonian Library, in 

British Museum. 
cottonize*, to make cotton- 
like, not -ise. 
COUd6(astr.), telescope bent 

at an angle, 
couldn't (typ.), to be set 

close up. 
couldst (no apos.). 
COUle (mus.), a slur. 
coulSe*f a lava-flow, a 

COuleurj* (Fr. f.), colour ; 

— de rose*, roseate 

couloir*, a gully. 
Coulomb (C. A. de), 

1 736-1 806, physicist, 
coulter*, a plough blade, 

not C0I-. 
council/*, assembly; -lor*, 

member of a council, 
counsel/*, advice,barrister; 

-led*, -ling*; -lor*, one 

who counsels. 
Count, abbr. Ct. 
counterbalance* (one 

counter-carte* (fencing), 

not -quarte (hyphen). 
counter-cheer *, — 

-claim* (hyphens). 
counter-clockwise*, con- 
trary to a clock hand's 

counter-tenor, abbr. C. 
Counties palatine*, 

Cheshire and Lanes (cap. 

C only). 
countrif/y*, -ied*, not 


country-dance*, Ko^con- 
tre-dance, contra-danse. 

country-side* (hyphen). 

county, abbr. Co. ; (typ.) 
abbrs. of name as Hants, 
Yorks, Salop, etc., to have 
no point at end. 

County Council/, -lor, 
abbr. C.C. 

County court* (one cap.); 
abbr. C.C. 

coup* (Fr. m.), a stroke. 

coupl d'aile (Fr. m.), 
flap (of the wings), a 
flight of imagination; — 
d'arcbet (mus.) , a stroke 
of the bow ; — de 
chapeau, salute with 
the hat; — d'Sclat*, 
a sensational stroke ; — 
d'essai*, first attempt; 

— d*itat*, sudden 
stroke of State policy ; 

— de fbuet (fencing), a 
''beat"; — de gr^ce*, 
a finishing stroke ; — de 
main*, sudden attack to 
gainaposition; —demat- 
tre*, a master-stroke ; — 
d*oell*, a glance, wink ; — 
de pled, a kick ; — 
de poing, blow with the 
fist ; — de sole II*, sun- 
stroke ; — de thSatre*, 
sudden sensational act ; 

— de vent, a gale ; — de 
vin, sip of wine. 

COUp6*, a front seat, a 
carriage, a fencing move- 
ment (accent, not ital.). 

coupee*, a dance step (no 

couper* (Sc), a dealer. 

coup manquS (Fr. m.), 
a failure. 

Cour de Cassation, su- 
preme Fr. tribunal. 

courge (Fr. f.), gourd ; — 
k la moelAi, vegetable 

courier, in Fr. m. courtier. 

couronne de tasses 
(electricity), voltaic bat- 
tery, not — des — . 



Court, abbr. C, or Ct. 
courtage*, brokerage. 
Courtenay, family name 
of Earl of Devon {see also 
courtesan*, not -zan. 
court-hous3*, abbr. C.H. 

Court leet*, a court of 

court martial* (two 
words) ; pi. courts — *. 

Courtney (Baron), 1832-, 
politician ; — (William 
Leonard), 1850 -, writer 
{see also Courtenay). 

Court of/ Common 
Pleas, abbr. C.C.P. ; — 
— Guestling, of Cinque 
Ports ; — — Lode- 
manage, ditto ; — — 
Probate, abbr. C.P. ; 

St. James's(apos.); 

Session, C.S. 

Courtrai, Belgium, «o/-ay. 

Courts of Justice (caps.). 

couscous*, W. Afr. dish, 
also bird {see also CUSCUS). 

cousin-german*, not 

-aine, -ane ; pi. cousins-*. 

Cousin Michael, nick- 
name of a German, as 
John Bull of Englishman. 

Cousins of the Sove- 
reign (law). Peers. 

coiite que coute (Fr.), at 
any cost, not — qui — . 

couturidre (Fr. f.), a dress- 


couveuse, apparatus for 
preserving infant life. 

Covenanter* (Sc. hist.). 

covenantor* (law). 

Coverley (Sir Roger de). 

covert/* (sport), a place of 
protection, not cover ; — 
-baron* (law), a married 

Cowling, Yorks. 

Cowlinge, Cambs. 

Cowper-Coles & Co. 

Cowper ("William), 1731- 
1800, poet ; pron. koo'per. 

cowrie*, the shell, not 
-ry. In Africa 50 equal 
about 4s. ; in Siam, 6000 
about IS. 4d. {see also 

coxcomb*, a fop; cocks-*, 
a plant. 

coxswain* (naut), not 
cocks-; pron. kox'n, abbr. 
cox (no point). 

coynye* (Ir. hist.), the 
billeting of soldiers upon 
persons, not coignye. 

cozey, cozy, use cosy *. 

C.P., Chief Patriarch, Civil 
Power, Clerk of the 
Peace, Code of Procedure, 
College of Preceptors, 
Common Pleas, Common 
Prayer, Congregatio Pas- 
s»b«i5(Passionist Fathers), 
convicted poacher, Court 
of Probate ; cp., compare ; 
C.P.C, Clerk of the Privy 
Council ; C.P.M. (mus.), 
common particular metre ; 
C.P.R., Canadian Pacific 
Railway; C.P.S., Con- 
gregational Publishing 
Society, Custos Privati 
Sigilli{Keep&r of the Privy 

C.R., Caledonian Railway, 
Carolina Regina (Queen 
Caroline), Carolus Rex 
(King Charles), Civis Ro- 
manus (a Roman citizen), 
Custos Rotulorunt{Keeper 
of the Rolls); Cr., credit, 
-or, Crown ; Cr, chro- 
mium ; cr., created ; 
C.R.A. (Officer) Com- 
manding Royal Artillery. 
crabe (Fr. m.), crab. 

cracklin*, crackle-ware. 
Cracow, Poland, use 

Craig Cefn Pare, Glam, 

a village. 
Craigenputtock, Dum- 
fries, Thomas Carlyle's 
residence 1828. 
Crantoum Street, W.C. 
cranch, use crunch *. 


crane's-bill*, the gera- 
niums, not cranesbill. 

craniol., craniology. 

craniom., craniometry. 

crani/um*, skull; pi. -a*. 

Cranleigh, Surrey, for- 
merly Crarley. 

Crapaud (Johnny), nick- 
name of a Frenchman. 

crap/e*, gauze-like fabric, 
-y; in Fr. m. crepe, 

crassa negUgentia (law), 
criminal negligence. 

Craufurd (Sir C. W. F.), 
1847- {see also Craw- 

craunch, use crunch*. 

crawfish*, U.S.A. and 
prov. Eng. for crayfish*. 

Crawford and Bal- 
carres (Earl of), 1847-. 

Crawford (F. Marion), 
1854-1909, writer. 

Crawfurd (Oswald), 
writer {see also Crau-), 

crayfish*, not craw-. 

C.R.E., (Officer)Command- 
ing Royal Engineers. 

cream/-laid*, a writing 
paper with wire marks ; 
wove*, ditto without! 

created, abbr. cr. 

Creation (the) (cap.). 

crdche*, a public nursery. 

Cr6cy (battle ofj, not 
Cressy, Creci. 

credit/, -or, abbr. Cr. 
Cr6ditl Fonder de 
France, a financial 
corporation ; — Lyon- 
nals ; — Mobilier, Fr. 
banking corporations, 
creese*, a Malay dagger, 

not kr-, crease. 
Crefeld, Ger. ; off. K-. 
Creighton (H.Mandell), 
1843- 1900, Bp. and hist. 
crkme de la creme (Fr. 
f.), the very best, not ere-. 
Cremona*, any violin 

made there (cap.). 
Cremonese *, of Cremona, 
creolize*, not -ise, 
creosote*-, not k-. 

crepej* (Fr. m.), crape, 

(f.) pancake; — de 

Chine*, raw silk crape ; 

— lisse*, glossy crape. 

crepS* (Fr.), frizzled. 

crSpon* (Fr. m.), crapy 

crescendo* (mus.), grow- 
ing in force ; abbr. 
cresson* (Fr. m.), cress, 

Cretan, of Crete, 
cretin*, Swiss idiot ; in 

Fr. crStin, 
cretonne*, a cotton cloth. 
Creusot (Le), dep. Saone- 

et-Loire, not -zot. 
cr^ve-ccei/r (Fr. m.), heart- 
sore, variety of fowl. 
crevette (Fr. f.), prawn. 
Crewe (Earl of). 
Crichton (James), 1560- 
91, <' the Admirable C—"; 
pron. kry'tn. 
cricket/*, -ed, -ing*. 
crim. con.* (law), criminal 

conversation, adulter}'. 
crimen! falsi (law), for- 
gery;— Iwsas majesta- 
tis, treason. 
Criminal OflBlce, abbr. 

cring/e*, -ing*. 
crink*, a, or to, twist, 
crinkum -crankum*, a 

zigzag, «o/ -cum -cum. 
cris/is*, //. -es*. 
criss-cross, see Christ-, 
crit., critical, -ized. 
criteri/on*, pi. -a*, 
criticaster*, a petty critic, 
criticize*, not -ise. 
critique* (not ital.). 
** Critique of Pure Rea- 
son,** in German " Kritik 
der reinen Vernunft," by 
Kant, 1781. 
Croat, a native of Croatia ; 

pron. kro-at. 
croc*, a hook, Ko/-ck. 

work ; pron. krO'sha. 
crocus/* (bot.), pi. -es. 



Croesus, King of Lydia. 

Crofton, Yorks. 

Croft Town, Cambs. 

Cro-Magnon (anthrop,). 

cromesquis (Fr. cook, pi.), 
not the many variations 
(not ital.). 

croo* (In, Sc), a hovel. 

Crook, Dur, Westmor. 

Crooke, Lanes. 

Crookes (Sir W.), 1832-, 

Crookes's tubes 'phys.). 

Crookhaven, Cork. 

Crookston, Paisley. 

Crookstown, Cork. 

Croonian Lecture, of 
Ro3'al Society. 

croquet*, game (not ital.). 

croquette* (Fr. f.), rissole 

crore* (E. Ind.), ten mil- 
lions, usually of rupees. 

crosier*, Abp.'s staff, not 

cross, sign in Prayer 
Book 1^ ; Latin — f {see 
also crux). 

cross (typ.), in proof cor- 
rections, a faulty letter. 

Cross-bench* (Pari.) (cap. 
C only, hyphen). 

cross-bill* (law), a pro- 
missory note (hj'phen). 

crossbill*, a passerine bird. 

crossette* (arch.), a ledge, 
not crose-. 

Crossgates, Fife. 

Cross Gates, Yorks. 

Crosshill, Ayr, Renfrew. 

Cross Hill, Workington, 

Crosskeys, Antrim, Cavan. 

Cross Keys, Monmouth. 

crosslet*, not croslet. 

crotch, orcrotchet* (tj'p.), 
the square bracket [. 

crotchet/*, -ed*, -ing, -y*. 

croupier*, gaming-table 

crouton (Fr. m.), a bit of 
crust, or toast. 

Crowland, Lines, not 


Crown (the) 'cap. O ; abbr. 

crow^n, see books, paper. 

Crowner's quest, dialec- 
tal for Coroner's in- 
quest (cap. C only). 

Crown Office, abbr. CO. 

crozier, use cros- *. 

C.R.P., Calendartunt Rotu- 
lorum Patmtium (Calen- 
dar of the Patent Rolls). 

cru (vdne), growth (no 

crucian*, Ger. carp, not 

Crucifixion (the) (cap. C). 

Cruikshank (George), 
1 792-1878, caricaturist. 

crumb*, of bread, not crum. 

crunch*, not cran-, craun-, 

cruse*, ajar, «o/ cruise. 

Cruso, N. Carolina. 

" Crusoe (Robinson),** 
by Defoe, 1719. 

crux *, of an argument ; 
pi. cruces (not ital). 

cntxj* (astr.), the Southern 
Cross; — ansata*, the 
cross with a handle ; — 
commissat the tau cross, 
7- ; — decussata, cross 
of St. Andrew, or St. 
Patrick X ',—StelIata,the 
cross with arms ending in 
stars {see also cross). 

crypton (chem.), use^-*. 

cryptonym*, a private 

crystal., crystallography. 

crystalliz/e*, not -ise ; 
-ed*, -ing*. 

C.S., Civil Sen'ice, Clerk 
of Session, Clerk to the 
Signet, Commissary of 
Subsistence,Common Ser- 
jeant, Court of Session, 
Custos Sigilli (keeper of 
the seal) ; Cs*, caesium ; 
cs., communis (com- 
mon) ; C.S.A., Confeder- 
ate States Army, ditto 
of America ; Csar, etc., 
use Ts- ; C.S.C, Con- 
spicuous Service Cross; 


C.S.I., Companion of the 
(Order of the) Star of 
India ; C.S.N., Con- 
federate States Navv ; 
C.S.O., Chief Signal Offi- 
cer (U.S.A.), — Staff- 
Officer; C.Ss.B., Congre- 
gatio Sandissimi Redemp- 
toris (Redemptorist Fa- 

C.T., Certificated Teacher; 
Ct., Count, Court ; ct., 
cent; C.T.A.U., Cath- 
olic Total Abstinence 
Union ; C.T.C., Cyclists' 
TouringCIub; C.Theod., 
CodexTheodostanus (Theo- 
dosian Code) ; ctl., cental, 
-s; cto. (mus.), concerto ; 
cts., centimes, cents. 

Cu*, cuprum (copper); 
C.U., Cambridge Uni- 
versity; C.U.A.C., Cam- 
bridge University Athletic 
Club; C.U.A.F.C., ditto 
Association Football ; 
C.U.B.C., ditto Boat; 
C.U.C.C, ditto Cricket ; 
C.U.R.U.F.C, ditto 
Rugby Union Football. 

cuartill/a (Sp.), about 6 lb. 
weight; -0,a pint; Mexican 
coin, three halfpence. 

cuarto (Sp.), three far- 

cubic, abbr. c, or cub. 

cubicul/um*, cubicle or 
dormitory ; pi. -a. 

cubile, lowest course of a 

Cuddesdon, Bishop of 
Oxford's residence. 

cue, persons in line, use 

cuerda, of Castile, 22-3 
feet ; — Valencia, 122 
feet; — Buenos Ayres, 
420 feet I in. 

Oufic*, of Cufa, not K-, 
Cuphic, Kuphic. 

cui bono?* (Lat.), who 
gains by it ? 

cuidadf erron. for ciudad. 

cuisine*, cookery (not ital.). 

CUfUSJ (Lat.), of which, 
abbr. cuf. ; — -Ilbet, of 
any, abbr, CUJUsL 

culch.*, oyster spawn, not 

CUl'dej'four* (arch.), oven- 
like, pi. cuIS'de-four * ; 

lampe*, tail-piece, 

de-sac*, a blind alley, a 
trap, pi. culs-de-sac*; 
pron. ku-, etc. 

cullex*j a gnat ; pi. -Ices. 

Cullen (William), 1710- 
90, Sc. physician. 

cullender, w5^colan-*. 

culpaj (law), a fault ; — 
lata, gross neglect ; — 
Jevis, excusable neglect. 

Culpeper, Virginia ; — 
(Sir T. J. and N.), not 

C.U.M., Cambridge Uni- 
versity Mission. 

cum* ( Lat.), with (not ital. ). 

CumsBan, of Cumae. 

Cumb, Cumberland. 

Cumbraes, Clyde. 

cum dividend*, with 
dividend ; abbr. c.d. 

cum grano salts* (Lat.), 
with allowance for ex- 

cumin*, oil of, not cummin. 

Cuming (E.W.D.), 1862-, 

cummerbund*, a waist- 
belt, not ka-, ku-. 

cum multls aliis (Lat.), 
with many others. 

cumshaw* (Ch.), a gra- 
tuity, not ku-. 

cumul/us* (meteor.), a 
cloud form ; pi, -i*, abbr. k. 

cun, use con*. 

cuneiform*, wedge- 

shaped, not cuni-, cune-. 

Cuningham (Sir W. J.\ 
1848-, I.C.S. 

Cuninghame (Sir T. A. 
A. Montgomery-), 
1877-, Rifie Brig. 

Cunningham (Sir A. F. 
D.), 1852-, LC.S. 



Cunyngham (Sir W. 
Dick-), 187 1-, Black 

Cunynghame (Sir 

Percy), 1867-, I.C.S. 

Cupar/ ; — -Angus, use 
Coupar . 

cuppa, a chalice bowl. 

cur., currency, current. 

CUracao, liqueur, not -oa. 

curare*, a drug, not -a, -i. 

curarize*, to administer 
curare, not -ise. 

curb*, more usually ke-. 

curbstone, use kerb-. 

cure*, Fr. rector, or vicar. 

Curlaj*, the papal court 
(cap.); — advisare vuJt, 
the court desires to con- 
sider; abbr. C.a.v, 

curio/*, an object of art ; pi. . 
-3 (not ital.). 

curiologic/*, -al*, not k-. 

curiosa fe/icitas, agree- 
able style due to care. 

curiosoj*, a curio admirer; 
pi. -i*. 

curlicue*, a fantastic curl, 
not -eque, -ycue. 

curly n ftyp.) (n), in Span- 
ish tilde. 

currach*, a coracle. 

currack* (Sc), pannier. 

curren/t, -cy, abbr. cur.; 
electric current, abbr. 

currente calamo (Lat.), 
easily, fluently. 

curricul/um*, pi. -a*. 

Currie, Midlothian. 

Curry, Sligo. 

curry (cook.), in Fr. m. 
kariy or a Vindienne. 

Curschmann (K. F,), 
1805-41, composer. 

curse of/ Canaan, negro 

slavery ; Scotland, 

the nine of diamonds. 

Cursivscbrift (Ger. typ. 
f.), italic type, use K-. 

curtsy/*, «o/-sey; -ing*. 

curveting*, not -tting. 

Cur wen (John), 1816-80, 
inventor of Tonic Sol-fa. 


cuscus/*, a marsupial ; — 
-grass*, of India {see also 

cushat*, cushie-doo* 
(Sc), the ring-dove. 

cushla machree (Ir.), 
my heart's delight. 

cuspidor* (Port.), a spit- 
toon, not -adore, -idore. 

custodia legis (Lat.), in 
the custody of the \a.w. 

custom-house* (hyphen); 
abbr. C.H. 

CUStjOS*, a custodian, pi. 
'Odes * ; custosj bre- 
vium*, keeper of the 
briefs ; — morum, guar- 
dian of morals; Cusiosj 
Privati Sigilli, Keeper 
of the Privy Seal, abbr. 
C.P.S. ; — Regniy a 
regent ; — Rotulorum*^ 
Keeper of the Rolls, abbr. 
C.R. ; — Sigilir, ditto 
seal, abbr. C.S. 

cut-and-dried (adj.) 


Cutch, India, not K-. 

cutch*, catechu, not k-. 

cute*, «c?/'cute. 

cut edges, see edges. 

cut-in/ letter (typ.), one 
of large size, as at the 
beginning of a chapter, 
also drop-letter; — notes, 
those set into the text at 
in roraan lower-case three 
sizes smaller than text, in 
a square of white space. 

cutis]* (anat.), skin; — 
anserina, the skin 
roughened by cold. 

cutt/y* (Sc), anything 
short, pi. -ies; cutty 
stool, stool of repentance. 

cuv6e (Fr. f.), a vatful, or 
sort, of wine (not ital.). 

Cuvier (Q. Ij. C. D., 
baron), 1769-1832, Fr. 

CujTp, Dutch artists, not K-. 

C.V., Common Version (of 
the Bible). 


C.V.O., Commander (of 
the Royal) Victorian 

C.W., Canada West. 

C.W.O., cash with order. 

cwt., hundredweight, -s. 

cyan-blue*, greenish- 


eye, cyclopaedia, -ic. 

Cycle of the Saros, 

6585V3 <^ays. 

cyclop aed/ia*, -ic*, noi 

-pedia; abbr. eye. 
Cyclop/s*, a giant with one 

eye ; pi. -es*. 
cycnean*, of swans, not 


cyder, use cider*. 

Cyfarthfa, Glamorgan 

Cyllaros, the horse of 
Castor and Pollux. 

Cym., Cymric. 

cyma*, a moulding. 

oymbiform*, boat shaped. 
not cymbae-. 

Cymrarodorion (Hon- 
ourable Society of). 

Cymric*, Welsh, not K- ; 
pron. cum-rik. 

Cymru, Wales. 

Cymry, the Welsh nation. 

Cynewulf, Anglo-Saxon 

Cjrnocephalus*, a dog- 
headed creature. 

Cynthia*, the moon. 

Cynthius, Apollo. 

cypher, use cipher*. 

cy pr^S* (law), as near as 

Cyprian*, of Cyprus. 

Cypriote, inhabitant or 
language of Cyprus. 

Cyric (Saint), patron of 

cyst/*, -ic*, not ci-. 

czakan (mus.), Bohemian 

Czar/ of Russia, -evitch, 
-evna, -ina, use Tsar/. 

Czech*, mo/ the many varia- 
tions ; pron. check. 

Czemy(Karl), 1791-1857. 
Austrian composer ; pron 




D., democrat, -ic, doctor, 
Duke, (Lat.) Deus (God), 
Domittus (Lord), the 
fourth in a series, all 
proper names with this 

D, 500. 

d., date, daughter, day, 
dead, degree, deserted, 
-er, died, dime, diopter, 
dollar, dose, (Fr.) douane 
(customs), droife (the right 
hand), (It.) desira (right), 
(Lat. ) decretum (a decree), 
denarii (pence), denarius 
(penny), (naut.) drizzling. 

^* (typ-)> ^s prefix to a not 
anglicized proper name 
should, in accordance 
with continental practice, 
be lower case and not 
cap., as d'Arsonval. Sig- 
natures to be copied. 

Sf (typ.), deleatur (omit). 

Da.*, Danish. 

D.A.A.G., Deputy-Assist- 

daj ballo (It. mus.), dance 
style; — cappella, or — 
cbiesa, church style ; — 
capo*, or— capo al fine, 
repeat to the word Jine ; 
— capo dal segno, 
repeat from the sign -"S, 
abbr. D.C., or da capo. 

dachshund*, badger-dog. 

dacoit*, Indian robber, not 
dak-, dec-. 

daddy-long-legs*, the 
crane-fly (hyphens). 

daffadowndilly*, a daffo- 
dil, not daffi-, daffo-, 
daffy- (one word). 

D.A.G., Deputy-Adjutant- 

dagger (f), (typ.), the 
second reference mark, 
coming after the asterisk. 

In Eng. before, in Ger. 

after, a person's name, 

signifies "dead" or 

daggle -tail, use drag-*. 
Dagonet, pen-name of 

G. R. Sims ; — (Sir), 

King Arthur's fool ; not 

daguerreotype* (not 

dahabeeyah*, Nile boat, 

not the many variations. 
d'aWeurs (Fr.), besides, 
daimio*/, Jap. noble ;/>/. -s. 
Daimler motor, 
dais*, not dais. 
dakoit, use dac-*. 
Dakota, off. abbr. Dak. 
Dalai Uama, the Grand 

Lama of Tibet, 
d'Alembert (J. le R.), 

1717-83, math. 
Dallmeyer (J. H.), opt- 
ician, London. 
Dalzell, family name of 

Earl of Carnwath. 
DaLziel, /tow. dee-el. 
damageable*, not -gable. 
Damaraland, Ger. S.W. 

Africa (one word). 
damascen/e*, -er*, not 

-keen, -kin. 
•• Dame aux Camillas 

(La)," play by Dumas fils. 
darnel decotnpagnie{Fr.), 

lady's paid companion ; 

— d*bonneur, maid of 

honour ; — du palais, 

lady-in-waiting ; — que- 

tetise, one who collects 

for the poor. 
damnosa baereditas 

(Lat.), a legacy involving 

damnum absque injuria 

(Lat.), damage withput 



Damon and Pythias, 
model friends. 

Dan., Daniel, Book of 

Dan/ae, mother of Perseus, 
also asteroid ; -aea, fern 
genus; -aid*, dau. of 
Danaus ; -aus, son of 

Dandie Dinmont, breed 
of dogs ; Andrew Din- 
mont, farmer in "Guy 

dandruff*, scurf, ttot -riff. 

danegeld*, land-tax, not-lt. 

Danicism*, a peculiarity of 
the Danish language (like 

Daniel (Book of), abbr. 

Daniel (Canon E.), 1837- 
1904, writer. 

Daniell (A. E.), 1864-, 

Daniell's battery (elec. ). 

Danish/, abbr. Da.*; — 
alphat)et (typ.), the 
special letters are « and 
0, which follow in alpha- 
betical order. Printing 
generally in roman char- 

Dannebrog*, Danish na- 
tional standard, also or- 
der of knighthood, tiot 

d'Annunzio (Gabriele), 
1 864-, It. writer. 

danse macabre (Fr. f.), 
dance of death. 

danseuse*, a female dancer 
(not ital.). 

Dant/e Alighieri, 1265- 
1321, It. poet; -ean* 

Danubian Principal- 
ities, Moldavia and 
Wallachia (rtow Huma- 

Danzig, not -tsic, -tzig. 

daoTi, use dhow*. 

D.A.Q.M.Q., Deputy. 

Assistant - Quartermaster- 

d'Arc (Jeanne), Joan of 
Arc, 1412-31 ; properly 

daren't (typ.), to be close 

dare say* (two words). 

Darfur, S.E. Sahara, uoi 
-foor, -for, -four. 

Darjeeling, not Darji-. 

Dark Ages (the) (caps.). 

Darmstadt, Germany. 

Darthnla, ' ' fairest of Erin's 

Darwen, Lanes. 

Darwin (Charles Rob- 
ert), 1809-82, author of 
"Origin of Species"; — 
(Erasmus), 1731-1802. 

D.A.S., Dramatic Authors' 

dash, see punctuation, 
IX, X. 

dasj beisst (Ger.), that is 
to say, abbr. <f. A. ; — istt 
that is, abbr. </./. 

dat.*, dative. 

dat/a*, 5. -um* (not ital.). 

datable*, capable of being 
dated, not -eable. 

date, abbr. d. ; (typ.) in 
printed letters to be 
even small caps, and 
arabic figures, except in 
legal work, where they 
must be spelled out in 
full. The order should 
be — day, month, year — as 
12 June, 1903, «o/ June 12, 
1903. No comma between 
figures of year. For 
periods of years use as 
few figures as suffice, thus 
1850-75 ; 1890-1903 (en 
rules, not hyphens). 
Names of days and months 
to be in full ; inst., prox., 
ult, to be printed full out. 

dative, abbr. dat.* 

Daudet (Alphonse), 
1840-97, Fr. writer. 

daughter, abbr. d., or 

d'aujourd*bui en huti 
(Fr.), this day week. 


d*Aumale (due). 

Dauphin6, S.W. France. 

Dav., David. 

Davey (Baron), 1833- ; — 
(Henry), 1843-, engin- 
eer ; — (R. P. D.\ 1848-, 
writer (see also Davy). 

da Vinci (Leonardo), 
1452-1519, It. painter, 
etc. ; pron. vin'che. 

Davis (Jefferson^ 1808- 
89, Pres. Conf. States. 

Davout (li. A. P. M., 
baron), 1773-1820, 

General ; — (Ii.NOj 1770- 
1823, Fr. Marshal, «o/ -St. 

Davus sum, non CEdipus 
(Lat.), that is beyond me. 

Davy (Sir Humphry, 
not -ey), 1 778-1829, 
chemist {see also Davey). 

Davy Jones's locker. 

day, abbr. d.; (typ.) of 
the week, and of fasts, 
feasts, festivals, holidays, 
to have initial caps. 

Dayak, use Dyak. 

daybook* (one word) ; 
abbr. d.b. 

daylight* (one word). 

days after/ date, abbr. 
d.d. ; sight, d.s. 

day*s/ date, abbr. d.d. ; — 
journey (Heb.), 16-95 
miles ; — sight, abbr. d.s. 

D.B., Domesday Book. 

d.b., daybook. 

dbk., drawback. 

DC,6oo; DC.(bot.),deCan- 
dolle; D.C., deputy-con- 
sul, District Court, District 
of Columbia, (mus.) da 
capo (repeat) ; d.C. (It.) 
dopo Crista (a.d.) ; 
D.C.L.*, Doctor of Civil 
Law ; D.C.Ij.I., Duke of 
Cornwall's Light Infantry; 
D.Cn.Ii.,, Doctor of 
Canon Law ; D.C.R. 
(Ancient Order of For- 
esters), District Chief 
Ranger; D.C. S., Deputy- 
Clerk of Session. 

D.D., Divinitatis Doctor 

(Doctor of Divinity) ; 
D.d., Deo dedit (gave to 
God) ; dd., delivered ; 
d.d., days after date, 
day's date, dono dedit 
(given) ; D.D.D., dat, 
dicat, dedicat (he gives, 
devotes, and dedicates) ; 
dono dedit dedicavit (he 
gave and consecrated as 
a gift) ; D.D.S., Doctor 
of Dental Surgery. 

de (typ.), prefix to a proper 
name, in accordance 
with continental practice, 
should not have initial 
cap., as de Candolle; ex- 
cept when anglicized, as 
De Vinne. Signatures to 
be copied. 

deaconate, use di-*. 

dead, abbr. d. {see also 

Dead Letter OflBce, now 
Returned ditto ; dead/ 
reckoning (naut.), abbr. 
D.R. ; — reprint (typ.), 
an absolute facsimile. 

de Amicis (Edmondo), 
1846-, It. writer. 

Dean of Paculty, not of 
the ; abbr. D.P. 

de- anthropomorphize *, 
not -ise (hyphen). 

Dear Sir, in printed letter 
indent one em (caps., 
comma, no dash). 

deasil*, righthandwise, as 
the hands of a clock, not 

death/-bed *, -rate * 


deb., debenture. 

debacle*, a downfall (not 
ital.) ; in Fr. f. dSbicIe. 

debatable*, not -eable. 

debauchee*, in Fr. debau- 

debenture/, abbr. deb. ; — 
-holder* (hyphen). 

dibloquer (Fr. typ.), to 
rectify letters placed up- 
side down as substitutes 
for the proper ones, the 



supply of which has been 

debonair*, not -aire, good- 
natured ; in Fr. dSbon- 

de bonnej grice (Fr.), 
willingly ; — — pBft* 
or source, on good au- 

dSboutonnS (Fr.), careless. 

debris*, ruins (no accent) ; 
in Fr. m. debris. 

debtor, abbr. Dr. 

debut/*, -ant*, /em. 
-ante* (not ital.). 

de but en blanc (Fr.), 

Dec, December. 

dec, declaration, declen- 
sion, declination, decora- 

dec, (mus.), decrescendo. 

dSc. (Fr.), decedje, fern, -e'e 
(deceased), decembre (not 
cap.) (December). 

decade*, a group of ten, 
not -ad. 

"Decameron (The)", by 
Boccaccio, 1352. 

Decan, Ind., ws^Decc-. 

de CandoUe (A.), 1806- 
93, bot., abbr. DC. ; 
— (A.P.), 1778-1841, bot. 

decani*, of a dean ; (mus.) 
the south side of a choir. 

Deccan, India, not Decan. 

dicidl6 (Fr.), fern. -Se, 
deceased ; abbr. dSc, 

December, abbr. Dec ; in 
Fr. m. d6cembre, abbr. 
d6c. (not cap.). 

dScence (Fr. f.), comeli- 
ness, decency. 

decenni/um*, a decade ; 
pi. -a. 

decentralize*, not -ise. 

decern*, to judge {see also 

dechiance (Fr. f.), for- 
feiture, expiry. 

decbirantj (Fr.), /em. -e, 

Decies (Baron), pron. 


decigram*, 1-54 grain, 
official spelling Board of 
Trade, not -mme ; abbr. 

decimal fractions, no 
decimal can be plural, or 
take verb in pi., however 
many figures it contains ; 
(typ.) print in figures. 
The decimal point in all 
cases to be a full point 

decimalize*, «o/-ise. 

decimator*, not gv. 

dScime* (Fr. m.), ten cen- 
times, a penny. 

decimetre, 3937 in., not 
-er ; in Fr. m. decimetre. 

decimo - octavo (typ.)^ 
i8mo; sexto- — *, i6mo 
(not ital.). 

decivilize*, not -ise. 

deckle edge*, the ragged 
edge of hand-made paper, 
not -el. 

declaration, abbr. dec. 

dScIaration de failUte 
(Fr. f.), adjudication in 

Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, U.S.A., 4 July^ 

dSclassJS (Fr.), /em. -ie, 
of inferior status. 

declension, abbr. dec. 

declination, abbr. dec. 

decohere (Marconi), to fall 

decoit, use dac-*. 

decollate*, to behead ; 
decollation of St. J ohn*, 

29 August. 
dScolIeil6*,/em. -Se (Fr.), 

with low-necked dress. 

decol/our*, to render col- 
ourless ; but -orize*, not 
-ourize, -ise. 

decorat/e*, -or*. 

Decoration Day*, U.S.A., 

30 May. 
decorative, abbr. dec. 
dScorlS (Fr.). /em. -6e, 

wearing an order of merit, 
decorum* (not ital.). 


dicousuj (Fr.), /em. -e, 

unsewed, loose. 
decree nisi* (law), a 

decree upon condition. 
decrepit *, not -id. 
decrescendo* (mus.), de- 
creasing in loudness ; 

abbr. dec, or decres. 
decretjum (Lat.), a decree ; 

pi. -a ; abbr. d. 
dScrotii (Fr.), brushed up. 
dedans* (tennis) (notital.). 
dSdicace (Fr. typ. f.), the 

dedications (typ.), usually 

eren s. caps, wide leaded. 
de die in diem (Lat.), 

continuously; abbr. de d. 

Dediication (Ger. f.), the 

dedication (cap.). 
dSdit (Fr. m.), penalty for 

breach of contract, re- 
deducible*, not cable, 
deemster*, not demp-. 
def., defendant, defined, 

definite, definition. 
defaceable*, not -cable. 
de facto* (Lat.), really, 
defecat/e*, -or*, not defae-. 
defectueux (Fr. typ.), 

defectus sanguinis (law), 

failure of issue. 
defelct (Ger. typ.), spoiled ; 

Defektbogen, imperfect 

defence*, not -se. 
defendant, abbr. def. 
defense] d' afficlier (Fr.^, 

stick no bills; — d*entrer, 

no admittance. 
defensible*, not -ceable, 

defensor*, not -cer, -ser. 
defensor fidei (Lat.), De- 
fender of the Faith ; abbr. 

defer/*, -ence*, -red*, 

-rer*, -ring*. 
d6fets (Fr. typ. m. pi.), 

waste sheets. 
de fide* (Lat.), authentic. 

definable*, «o^ -cable. 

defin/ed, -ite, -ition ; 
abbr. def. 

definitjum (Lat.), a thing 
defined ; pi. -a. 

deflate*, to remove air. 

defle/ct*, to bend down- 
wards ; -xed*, -xion*. 

deflower*, not -ore, -our. 

Defoe (Daniel), 1661- 
1731, writer, not de Foe. 

deg., degree. 

digagfS* (Fr. m.), /em. 
-Se*, unconstrained. 

digager (Fr. typ.), to un- 
lock a forme or galley. 

d'Sgal a Sgal (Fr.), on 
equal terms. 

dSgO^t (Fr. m.), disgust. 

degree, 69 statute, or 60 
geog. miles, also part of 
circle ; sign °, abbr. d., or 

degrees of/ inclination 
(typ.), to be in words, as 
**an angle of forty-five 
degrees " ; temper- 
ature, to be in figures, as 
70° F. {see also titles of 

temptuously ; — haute 
lutte, with a high hand. 

Dehli, India, use Delhi. 

deliors* (Fr.), foreign to ; 
(law) outside. 

Deianeira, wife of Her- 
cules, also an asteroid. 

Dei\ gratia, by the grace 
of God ; abbr. D.G. ; — 
judicium, the judgment 
of God {see also Deo). 

Deity (the Christian) 
(typ.), synonyms and 
pronouns to have initial 
caps., as Christ, Dominus, 
Father, God, He, Him, 
Himself, His, Jehovah. 
Lord, Me, Mine, the Deity, 
Thee, Thine, Thy, Who, 

dejeuner]* (Fr.m.), break- 
fast ; — a la four- 
Chette*, luncheon. 


de jure* (Lat.), by right. 

Del., Delaware (off. abbr.T. 

del., delegate, </(P/m^aMV (he, 
or she, drew it). 

Delacroix (Eugene), 
1 799-1 863, Fr. painter. 

D9lambre(J.B. J.), 1749- 
1822, astr. (one word). 

de la Rani6e (Louise), 
pen-name "Ouida." 

Delaware, off. abbr. Del. 

De La Warr (Earl). 

deleaiur* (Lat.), omit; 
abbr. dele, or gr. To de- 
lete anything in a proof, 
mark it through with ink, 
and write in the margin 
opposite, IT. 

delegate, abbr, del. 

delenda* (Lat.), things to 
be deleted. 

delf*, Dutch glazed earthen- 

- ware, not delft. 

Delft, Holland ; proti. del'- 

Delhi, N. India, not Dehli, 
Delli ; pron. d&\€. 

deliberate on preferred, 
but also upon, about, con- 

delicatesse*, delicacy (not 
ital.); in Fr. f. dSIIca- 

dillS (Fr. typ. m.), the serif. 

dSlier (Fr. typ.), to untie. 

delineavit (Lat.), he, or 
she, drew it ; abbr. del. 

delirium/*, pi. -s* ; — 
tremens, abbr. d.t. (not 

De Lisle (Baron), pron. 
de lyl. 

dSlit (Fr. m.), a transgres- 

Delitzsch (Pranz), 1813- 
90, Hebraist ; — 

(Friedrich), 1850-, 

delivered, abbr. dd. 

deliverer*, not -or. 

de luxe (Fr.), luxurious. 

Delyannis (Theodore), 
1826- 1 905, Gr. statesman. 

dem/ain, use -esne*. 

demarcate*, not demark-. 
dimenti (Fr. m.), contra- 
dementia* {not ital.). 
demesne*, not -ain. 
demeure (Fr. f.), dwelling. 
demt'l-feuille (Fr. typ. f.), a 

half sheet ; 


prostitutes (ital. , hyphen) ; 

— -saison, spring or au- 
tumn fabric. 
demise *, not -ize. 
demobpize*, not -ise. 
democrat/, -ic, abbr. D. 
democratiz/e*, to render 

democratic ; -er*. 
Democrit/us, -ean*. 
d6modl6{Yv.),fem. -Se, out 

of fashion. 
demoiselle*, young lady 

(not ital.). 

math ematician(one word), 
demon., demonstrative. 
demonetize*, to divest of 

value as currency, not 

demon/ic*, -ize*, wo^dae-. 
demoralize*, not -ise. 
de mortuis nil nisi bo- 

nam (Lat.), speak well 

of the dead. 
demos*, the people (not 

dempster, use deem-*, 
demy*, a scholar at Mag- 
dalen Coll., Oxford ;pron. 

de-my'; pi. demies*. 
demy/ paper (typ.), pron. 


— drawing, 20 x 1572 in. 

— printing, 22^2 x 17V2 

— writing, 20 x 15^2 
Den., Denmark, 
denar*, a coin, not -are. 
denar/ius* (Lat.), penny ; 

pi. -ii*, pence ; abbr. d. 
denationalize*, not -ise. 
dengue*, not — fever, 

denga, -gey. 
Denholm, Roxburgh. 
Denholme, Yorks. 



Denmark, abbr. Den. {see 
also Assemblies). 

denouement* (Fr. m.), 
unravelling, not denoum-. 

de nouveau (Fr.), afresh. 

de novo* (Lat.), afresh. 

denshire*, to burn stubble, 
not -her. 

dent., dental, -ist, -istry. 

dentalize*, to make dental, 
not -ise. 

dentelle*, lace. 

dentil*, a moulding with 
cubes, not -el, -ilQ. 

deodoriz/e*, wo/-ise; -er*. 

Deol favente (Lat.), with 
God's favour; — gratias, 
thanks to God ; — vo- 
lente, God willing, abbr. 
D.V. {see also Dei). 

de omnibus rebus (Lat.), 
concerning all things. 

deomniscibiii {Lat.), con- 
cerning every knowable 

deoxidiz/e*, «o/-ise; -er*. 

deoxygenize *, to deprive 
of oxygen, not -ise. 

dep., departs, deposed, 

d6p. (Fr.), deparietnent (pro- 
vince), depute' {deputy). 

de par le roi (Fr.), in the 
king's name. 

dipartement (Fr. m.), 
province ; abbr. d6p. 

department, abbr. dept. 

departmentalize*, «o/ -ise. 

depauperize*, not -ise. 

depeclie (Fr. f.), message. 

dependable*, not -ible. 

depend/ent* (noun), 

-ence*, -ent* (adj.), not 

Depew (Chauncey M.), 
1834-, Amer. politician. 

dephosphorize*, «o^-ise. 

depicter*, not -or. 

depilatory*, hair remov- 
ing, or remover. 

de pis en pis (Fr.), from 
bad to worse. 

deplacS (Fr.), out of place. 

de piano (law), clearly. 

de plein gr6 (Fr.), volun- 

deponent, abbr. dpt. 

depopularize*, «o/-ise. 

deposed, abbr. dep. 

depositary*, a person. 

depository*, a place. 

depot*, in Fr. m. dSpdt 


de proprio motu (Lat.), 

dept., department. 

dSputS, a member of the 
lower French Chamber. 

deputy/, abbr. dep. ; — 
-consul, D.C. ; Deputy- 
Iiieutenant, D.L.* 

De Quincey (Thomas), 
1 785-1859, writer. 

der., derivation, -ive, -ived. 

dSrangjS {^ Fr. ), out of order ; 
-ement, confusion. 


Derbyshire, abbr. Derby. 

de rdgle (Fr.), in order. 

de rigueur* {Fr.\ accord- 
ing to etiquette. 


deriv/ation, -ative, -ed ; 
abbr. der. 

derm.*, dermja*, -/s*, the 

dernier] * (Fr.), last; — 
ressort*, a last resource. 

Deroul^de (Paul), 1846-, 
writer, politician. 

not — doe (no hyphen). 

dervish*, «o/-is (notital.). 

des (Fr.), of the (//.). 

des (Fr.), since. 

desagrSmentj (Fr. m.), un- 
pleasantness ; pi. -S. 

Desart (Earl of),alsoI>y-. 

descendant*, not -ent. 

desert*, a wilderness ; to 
abandon (see also des- 

desert/ed, -er, abbr. d. 

deshabille, not dis-; in 
Fr. m. desbabillS. 

desiccate*, not dess-. 

desiderat/um*, something 
desired ; pi. -a*(not ital.). 



desilverize*, to extract 

silver from, not -ise. 
desirable *, not -cable, 
desistance*, «o/-ence. 
desition*, ending. 
tiesaeuvr}S*{Fr.),/em. -ie, 

unoccupied ; -ement* 

(m.), lack of occupation, 
desolator*, not -er. 
de son Stat (Fr.), by trade. 
dSsorientjS (Fr.),/^w. -^e, 

confused as to direction, 
despatch, use dis-*. 
desperado/*, a desperate 

man ; pi. -es (not ital.). 
despiritualize*, not -ise. 
despise*, not dis-. 
despotize*, to act the 

despot, not -ise. 
dessein (Fr. m.), design. 
dessert*, a dinner course 

(see also desert), 
dessertspoonful/, pi. -s, 

two drams (one word). 
dessicate, use desicc-*. 
dessin (Fr. m.), drawing. 
dessousj (Fr.), below, un- 
der ; — des cartes, a 

dessus (Fr.), on, upon, 

(mus.) soprano. 
destra] (It.), right-hand 

side, abbr. d. ; — mano, 

the right hand , abbr. D.M. 
destructor*, not -er. 
desuetude*, pron. des'w6- 

tude ; in Fr. f. dSsui-. 
desulphuriz/e*, not -ise. 
desuntj cetera (Lat.), the 

rest wanting ; — multa, 

many things are wanting. 
Detaille (J. B. ]S.), 1848-, 

Fr. painter (no accent). 
detant*, part of a gun-lock 

(see also detent), 
detector, not -er. 
detent*, a catch (see also 

dStenuj* (Fr.), /em. -e*, 

one detained in custody, 
deterrent*, not -ant. 
detonat/e *, -or*, 
detour*, in Fr. m. dStour. 
detract/or*, /em. -ress. 

detritus*, debris (not ital.). 
de trop* (Fr.), not wanted. 
Deiis/ (Lat), God, abbr. D. ; 

— avertat I God for- 
bid ! — detf God grant ; 

— ex machina, *'a god 
from a machine," from 
Gr. theatre where one was 
shown at an elevation to 
work humanly insoluble 
problems ; — miserea- 
tur, God be merciful. 

Deuteronomy, abbr. 


deux-temps* (Fr. m. sing, 
and pi.), waltz. 

develop/ *,-nient*, MO/ -pe. 

devest, use divest*. 

deviat/e*, -or*, not -er. 

devil (typ.), cap. for Devil 
of the Bible, not cap. when 
an expletive. 

deviling*, a young devil. 

devilling*, working as a 

devilry*, not -try. 

De Vinne (Theodore 
Low), 1 828-, Amer, 
printer and writer ; pron. 

devise*, not -ize. 

devis/ee*, -or*, the cor- 
relatives, not -er (see also 

devitalize*, to render life- 
less, not -ise. 

devocalize*, to make 
voiceless, not -ise. 

devoir*, an act of civiUty 
(not ital.). 

Devonshire,abbr. Devon. 

dSvotj (Fr.), /em. -e, a de- 

Dewey (Melvil), Amer. 

dexterous*, not -trous. 

dextra (Lat.), right. 

D.E., defensor fidei (Defen- 
der of the Faith), Dean 
of Faculty. 

D.F.M.S., Domestic and 
Foreign Missionary So- 

dft., draft. 


D.a. — DIKE 

D.Q.*, Dei gratia (by the 
grace of God), Deo 
gratias (thanks to God), 
Director-General, Dra- 
goon Guards. 

dg., decigram. 

d.b, (Ger.), das heisst (that 
is to say). 

dhobi*, Ind. washerman. 

dhooly, use doolie*. 

dhoti*, a Hindu's loin- 
cloth, not -ee, -ootie. 

dh.O"W*, an Arab vessel, 
not daou, daw, dow. 

Dhuleep, use Du-. 

dhurrie*, Indian carpet, 
not durrie. 

D.Hy., Doctor of Hygiene. 

Di* (chem.), didymium. 

d.i. (Ger.), das ist (that 

diablerie*, devilry, not -ry 
(not ital.). 

diachylon*, a plaster, not 
-um, -culum, 

diaconate *, office of 
deacon, not de-. 

diaBresls* (typ.), the sign 
( " ) over the second of two 
vowels to show that they 
are to be sounded separ- 
ately. It may be omitted 
when the vowels are di- 
vided by the end of the 
line. Not die- ; pron. 

diagnos/is*, pi. -es*. 

dialect/*, -al*, -ic*, -ical*; 
abbr. dial. 

dialling*, not dialing. 

dialogize*, to discuss, not 
-ise, -uize. 

dialys/e* (chem.), -er*, 
not -ize ; -is*, pi. -es*. 

diameter, abbr. diam. 

diamond/ dash (typ.), 
— * — ; — type, 

the snullest ra^nhriy east, four and a half 
point, aixtaeo lines to the inch, a« thia. 

diapason normal* (mus.), 

Fr, standard pitch. 
diarrhoea*, not -ea.. 
Diatessaron*, a harmony 

of the four Gospels. 

diathes/ia*, a habit of body, 

pi. -es*; pron. dy-ath'- 

dichotomize*, to divide 

into two parts, not -ise. 
Dichter (Ger. m.), a poet 

"Dichtung und Wahr- 

heit," by Goethe, not 

W- und D-. 
Dicksee (Frank), 1853-, 

dicky*, not -ey. 
diet., dictator, dictionary. 
dictionnaire (Fr. m,, two 

m's), dictionary, 
dict/um *, a saying ; /)/. -a *. 
dictum sapienti (Lat.\ a 

word to the wise. 
didactyl*, two- fingered, 

not -le. 
Diderot (Denis), 1713-84, 

Fr. writer, 
didn't (typ.), to be close up. 
didst (no apos.). 
didymium*, symbol Di*. 
diecious, use dice- *. 
died, abbr. d. {see also 

dieresis, use disB-*. 
d/es/*(Lat.),day ',—fausti, 

auspicious days ; — /n- 

fausti, inauspicious days ; 

— iras*, day of wrath. 
dieslis* (typ.), the double 

dagger J ; pi. -es. 
diesj Juridicus* (Lat.), a 
day on which courts sit ; 

— ne fasti f blank days ; 

— non* (law), a day 
when no business is done. 

Dieu et mon droit, God 
and my right (Eng. royal 

differ/, -ence, abbr. dif. 

different//-ow, not to, with. 

differentija *, a distinguish- 
ing mark ; pi. -as*. 

digestible *, not -able. 

digraph, see diphthongs. 

diil majores (Lat.), men of 
the first rank; — minores, 
men of the second rank. 

dike*, not dyke. 



dilatable*, not -cable. 

dilatation*, " more correct 
than dilation " ^O.E.D.). 

dilator*, not -er. 

dilemma/*,/*/. -s(notital.). 

dilettant/e* (It.), a lover of 
the fine arts ; pi. -i**. 

diligence*, a stage-coach 
(not ital.). 

diluvi/um.* (geoL), aqueous 
deposit ; pi. -a (ital.). 

D.I.M., District Inspector 
of Musketry. 

dim., dimidium (one-half), 

dime* (U.S.A.), ten cents ; 
abbr. d. 

diminuendo* (It. mus.), 
less loud ; abbr. dim, 


Dinant, Belgium. 

Dinard, Brittany. 

dindonj (Fr. m.), a turkey; 
-neau, turkey poult. 

diner] (Fr.), to dine, (m.) 
dinner; — parcceur, to 
go dinnerless. 

dinghy*, small boat, not 
-gey, -gy. 

dining-room.* (hyphen). 

dioces/e, -an ; abbr. dioc. 

dioecious* (bot.), not die-. 

Diogenes Laertius, 

about A.D. 200. 

dionym*, a binomial 
name, as Homo sapiens. 

Dionysius, of Syracuse. 

Dionysus, Gr. god Bacchus. 

diopter*, lens measure, in 
Lat. dioptra ; abbr. d. 

Dioscuri (the), Castor and 

diphtheria*, not dipth-. 

diphthongize*, to turn 
into a diphthong, «o/-ise. 

diphthongs (typ.), /E, ae, 
(E, oe, for single sounds, 
are in England employed 
in English, French, 
Greek, Latin, and Old- 
English words, instead 
of the separate letters ae, 
oe. ae and oe should be 
restricted to works for 

classical scholars and stu- 
dents (see also German), 
diplomat*, a diplomatist; 

abbr. dipl. (not ital.). 
diplomate*, one holding a 

diploma ; in Fr. dipldme, 
diplomatize*, not -ise. 
dipsomania/*, -c*. 
Director-General, abbr. 

directress *, a female 

director, not -oress, -trix. 
dis., discipline, discount, 

(typ.) distribute. 
dis aliter visum (Lat.), 

the gods have thought 

disarrangement*, not 

disburden*, not -then, 
disbursement*, not 

disc, use disk*, 
disc, discovered, -er. 
discern/*, to see; -ible* 

{see also decern), 
disciplinary *, not -ery. 
discipline, abbr. dis. 
discipular*, disciple-like. 

er, not -ulus ; pi. -/*. 
discoloration*, not dis- 
discolour/ *, -ed *, -ment *, 

not discolor, 
discomfit/*, -ed*, -ing*. 
disconnexion*, «o/-ction. 
discount, abbr. dis. 
discover/ed, -er ; abbr. 

discreet*, judicious, 
discrete*, separate, 
disenthral/*, wo/ -enthrall, 

-inthral, -inthrall ; -led *, 

-ment ♦. 
disenthron/e*, not disin- ; 

-ing*, -ement*. 
disfavour*, not -vor. 
disfranchise*, not -ize. 
disguis/e*, -er*. 
dishabille, use de- ; in 

Fr. m. dSsliabillS, 
disharmonize*, not -ise. 



dishevelled*, not -eled. 

disillusionize*, uoi -ise. 

disinthral, ttse disen-*. 

disinthrone, use disen-*. 

disjecta membra * (Lat.), 
scattered remains, but 
*'disjecti membra poetae " 

disk*, «o/disc. 

dislodgment*, ttot -ement. 

dismissible*, tiot -able. 

disorganiz/e*, -er*.«o/-ise. 

dispatch/*, -er*, not des-. 

dispensable*, not -ible. 

dispensary*, abbr. disp. 

dispise, use des-*. 

Disraeli (B.), 1804-81, 
Earl of Beaconsfield. 

d'Israeli (Isaac), 1766- 
1848, writer, father of 

disseis/e*, to dispossess 
wroogfully, not -ze ; -ee*, 
-in*, -or*, -oress*. 

Dissenter (cap.). 

dissertation, abbr. diss. 

dissipi (Fr.), /em. -ie, 

dissoluble*, «o/-uable. 

dissolvable*, «o/ -ible. 

dissyllable, use disy-*. 

dist., distance, distinguish, 
-ed, district. 

distastable*, «o/ -cable. 

distension*, «o/-tion. 

distil*, «o/-ill. 

distinction (titles of) 
(typ.), as F.R.S., LL.D., 
are usually put in large 
caps. Even s.caps. often 
improve general effect. 

distingujS* (Fr.),>m. -Se, 

distinguish/, -ed; abbr. 

Dist. R., District Railway 

distrait/*, y^w. -e, absent- 
minded (not ital.). 

distribute (typ.), to put 
back each letter and space 
into its proper compart- 
ment in the cases; abbr. 

distributing machine 
(typ.), one for distributing 

district, abbr. dist. 

District/ Court, — of Co- 
lumbia, abbr. D.C.; — 
Railway, D.R.; —Re- 
gistry, D.R. 

disyllab/le*, -ic*, -ize*, 
of two syllables, not 

ditto*, abbr. do. 

dittogram* (typ.), a letter 
repeated by mistake. 

div., divide, -d, dividend, 
divine, division, divisor, 
Fr. divers (diverse). 

divde. (Fr. m.), dividende 

diverticul/um *, a by- 
way ; pi. -a*. 

divertimentjo* (It), akind 
of baUet, />/. -/* ; also 
(Fr.) divertissement*. 

divest*, not de-. 

divid/e, -ed, -end, divi- 
sion, divisor ; abbr. 
div. ; sign for divide -r. 

divide et impera (Lat.), 
divide and govern. 

** Divina Commedia," 
1300-18, by Dante, not 

Divine (typ.), when used 
directly of the Deity cap. 
D ; abbr. div. 

Divine Spirit, as title of 
Deity (caps.). 

Divis (Ger. typ. n,), the 

division of words : never 
separate a group of letters 
representing a single 
sound; and so divide a 
word that each part 
retains its present sound. 
Examples : at-mos- 

phere, con-di-tion,cred-it- 
able, de-light-ful, de-sert 
(abandon), des-sert (after 
dinner), di-shev-el, mul- 
ti-pli-ca-tion, pho-tog-ra- 
phy, sub-trac-tion. 

divisor* (math.), a factor. 



divorcjS (Fr.), /^w. -ie, a 
divorced person. 

Dixie's Land, the South- 
ern States, U.S.A. 

djinn, use 3-*. 

D.L.*, Deputy- Lieutenant ; 
D.Ij.I., Durham Light 
Infantry; D. Lit.*, Doc- 
tor of Literature ; but 
Litt.D., Doctor of Let- 
ters ; D.L.O., Dead Let- 
ter Office, «ozt/ Returned 

; D.L.S. (U.S.A.), 

Doctor of Library Science. 

D.M., Deputy Master, 
Doctor of Medicine 
(Oxford), (Fr.) Docteur 
en Medecine (Doctor of 
Medicine), (It. mus.) 
destra mano (the right 

D.N., Dominus noster (our 

' Lord). 

D.N.B., Dictionary of Na- 
tional Biography. 

Dniepr River, S. Russia, 
not -per, Dnyepr. 

Dniester River, S. Rus- 
sia, not -tr, Dnyestr. 

D.N.P.P., Dominus Noster 
Papa Pontifex (Our Lord 
the Pope). 

D.O. (U.S.A.), Doctor of 

do., ditto, the same. 

doat, use dote*. 

doc, documents. 

Docent (Ger.), a university 
teacher, now Doz-. 

docket*, -ed*, -ing*. 

dockyard* (one word). 

Doctor/, abbr. D., or Dr. ; 
— of Canon Law, 
D.Cn.L. ; — Civil Law, 
D.C.L. ; — Dental Sur- 
gery, D.D.S. ; — Divin- 
ity, D.D. ; — Hygiene, 
D.Hy. ; — Letters, 
Litt.D. ; — Library 
Science (U.S.A.), 

D.L.S. ; — Literature, 
D.Lit. ; — Medicine 
(Oxford), D.M. ; — 
Music, D.Mus., or 

Mus.Doc. ; Doctor of 
Oratory (U.S.A.), D.O.; 
— Philosophy, Ph.D., 
or D.Ph. ; — Science, 
D.Sc. ; — Theology, 
D.Th. ; — University 
of Paris, Dr. Univ. 
Par. ; — Veterinary 
Medicine (U.S.A.), 
D.V.M. ; — Zoology, 

Doctors* Commons*, 
London (apos.). 

doctress*, not -oress. 

doctrinaire* (not ital.). 

doctrinize*, to theorize, 
not -ise. 

documents (typ.), to be 
an exact reprint; abbr. 

Doddington, Cambs, 

Kent, Northumb, North- 
ants {see also Dodi-). 

Doderlein (Ludwig), 
1791-1863, philologist. 

Dodington, Somerset {see 
also Dodd-). 

dogana* (It. f.), custom- 

dogate*, office of doge, 
not -eate (not ital.). 

dog-days* (hyphen). 

doge*, chief magistrate 
of Venice (not ital.). 

doggerel *, not -grel. 

dogma/*,/)/, -s*. 

dogmatize*, not -ise. 

dog's letter*, R. 

Dohn^nyi (E. von), 
1877-, pianist. 

Dohm (Anton), 1840- 
1909, zoologist. 

doily*, a napkin, not -ey, 
doyley, -ly, d'oyley, -ie. 

dol., dollar. 

dolcej far nlente* (It.), 
delightful idleness ; — 
manlera, — manners ; — 
-piccante, bitter-svs^eet. 

doleful *, not -11. 

dollar/, abbr. d., or dol. ; 
— mark (tj'p.), ^, to be 
be/ore, and close up to, the 
figures, as $50. 




Dollinger (J. J. I.), 1799- 

1890, theologian. 
Dollond (J.), 1706-61, 

optician, not -and. 
dolorous*, 6m/ dolour*. 
D.O.M., Deo Optimo 

maximo (To God the best 

and greatest). 
Dom (Ger.), cathedral ; 

(Russ.) house; (Port.) 

title of nobility, also title 

of certain monks, as Dom 

Gasquet ; not Don. 
dom., domestic, dominion. 
Domenichino, or Dome- 

nico Zampieri, 1581- 

164 1, painter. 
"Domesday Book*,'* not 

Dooms- ; abbr. D.B. 
domestic, abbr. dom. 
Dotnine dirlge nos (Lat.), 

Lord, direct us (motto 
of the City of London). 

Dominica, Haiti, in Sp. 

San Domingo. 
dominical ad paimas. 

Palm Sunday ; — de 

Passione, Passion — ; 

— dies, Sunday ; — in 

albis, Low — . 
dominie*(,old Sc.),teacher, 

dominion, abbr. dom. 
Dominion Day *, Canada, 

1 July, 
domino/*, pi. -es*. 
Dotninusj (Lat.), Lord ; 

abbr. D. : — noster, our 

Lord, D.W. 
Domus Procerutn (law), 

the House of Lords; abbr. 

D.P., or Dom. Proc. 
Donegal, Ireland. 
Donegall (Marquess o/). 
Donizetti (Q-.j» ^797- 

1848, composer. 
donna* (It.), a lady (ital.). 
Donne (John), 1573- 

1631, poet 
don*t (typ.), to be close up. 
doolie* (Ind.), a litter, not 

dhooley, -he, -ly, dooly. 
"Doomsday Book,** use 

Domesday — *. 

doorsbek (Arab. ), Moham- 
medan prayer-carpet. 

dopo Cristo (It.), a.d. ; 
abbr. d.C. 

Doppelpunkt (Ger. m.), 
the colon. 

Dor., Doric. 

Dore (P. Gustave), 1833- 
83, painter. 

dormeuse* (Fr. f.), a 
settee, nightcap, travel- 
ling sleeping carriage. 

dormy* (golf), not -ie. 

d'Orsay (A.G.G., count), 
1801-52, "the last dandy." 

Dorset, not Dorsetshire. 

Dory (John), fish, not 

dosage* (med.), not -cage. 

dose (med.), abbr. d. 

dosiology*, science of 
doses, not dosol-. 

dossier*, papers referring 
to some matter (not ital.). 

DostoiefiFsky (F. M.), 
1818-81, Russ. writer. 

dot/e*, to show great love, 
not doat ; -age*. 

dotterel*, plover, woZ-trel. 

Douai, dep. Nord, not 
-y; but Douay Bible. 

douane* (Fr.f.), customs ; 
abbr. d. 

double (typ.), a word, etc., 
erroneously repeated. 

doublje (Fr.), fem. -Se, 

double-barrelled*, not 
-eled (hyphen). 

double-bass (mus.) (hy- 

double (approximate sizes 
of unfolded) — 

— crown paper,3o x 2oin. 

— demy, 35 x 22I/2 

— elephant, 40 x 27 

— foolscapprinting,27 x 17 
writing, 27 x 17 

— imperial, 44 x 3° 

— large cards, 6 x 4V2 

— post, 31^2x1973 

— royal, 40 x 25 

— small cards, 4^/4 x s'/g 

— {see also books, paper). 



D double english 
type, 28-point, 
2^/2 lines to an 
inch, as this 
double entente {un mot 
h) (Fr.), a word with two 
meanings, not entendre. 

D double par- 
agon type, 
depth, as this 
double pica type. 



24-point, 3^/3 lines 
to an inch, as this 

doublure* (Fr. typ. f.), 
ornamental lining to a 

.cfo«/cei/r* (Fr.f.),agratuity. 

douche* (not ital.). 

dough (naut.), a pudding, 
use duff*. 

Doukhobors, use Duk-. 

douse*, to drench with 
water {see also dowse). 

douzaine (Fr. f.), dozen; 
abbr. dzne. 

dovecot*, not -cote. 

Dovedale, Derby. 

dow, use dhow*. 

dowager, abbr. dow. 

Down, Ireland. 

DowTie (Viscount). 

down /fall*, -stairs* (one 

dowse*, to use a divining 
rod {see also douse). 

doyen*, the senior member 
of a society (not ital.). 

d'oyl/ey, -ie, use doily*. 

doze *, to sleep. 

dozen/, -s, abbr. doz. 

Dozent (Ger. m.), a uni- 
versity teacher, not now 
Doc- (cap.). 

D.P. (law), Domus Procer- 
utn (the House of Lords); 
D.P.H., Diploma in 
Public Health; D.Ph., 
Doctor of Philosophy, 
usually Ph.D. ; D.P.O., 

Distributing Post Office ; 
dpt., deponent. 

D.K. (naut.), dead reckon- 
ing. District Railway, 
District Registry, (Ger.) 
Deutsches Reich (German 
Empire) ; Dr.*, debtor, 
doctor ; dr., drachma (a 
dram), dram, -s, drawer. 

drachm, use dram*. 

drachma/*, a dram, various 
coins; pi. -s*, abbr. dr. 

draft*, a deduction in 
weighing, a military party, 
a money order, a rough 
sketch ; to draw off, to 
sketch ; abbr. dft. {see also 

draftsman*, one who 
drafts documents {see also 

drag6e*, a sweetmeat con- 
taining medicine, not -ge. 

draggle-tail*, not daggle-. 

dragoman/* ; />/. -s*, not 
-men (not ital.). 

dragonnade*, Fr. Protes- 
tant persecution in 168 1, 
not -onade, -oonade. 

Dragoon Guards, abbr. 
D.G. ; these are not 
" Guardsmen." 

draisine*, earliest bicycle, 
1818, not -sene, -snene. 

dram*, sixty grains, one 
teaspoonful, sixty minims, 
not drachm ; pi. -s, abbr. 
dr., sign 5. 

dramat/ic, -ist, abbr. 

dramatis personsB*, abbr. 
dram. pers. 

dramatize*, not -ise. 

draught*, act of drawing, 
a take of fish, 20 lb. of 
eels, act of drinking, a 
dose, a vessel's depth in 
water, a current of air, 
liquor *'on draught" {see 
also draft). 

draughtsman*, one who 
makes drawings, plans, 
etc. {see also draftsman) . 

drawback, abbr. dbk. 
97 7 


dravsrer, abbr. dr. 


Dred Scott, U.S. law case. 

Dreibund {der), the Triple 

dressmaking, abbr. dress. 

driblet*, not dribb-. 

dri/er*, -est*, 6«/ dryly*. 

drivell/er*, -iiig*(two/'s). 

drizzling (naut.). abbr. d. 

droit* (Fr. m.), moral and 
legal right. 

droite (Fr. f.), the right 
hand ; abbr. d. 

Drontheim, use Trond- 

dropped heads (typ.), 
the first pages of chapters, 
etc., beginning lower than 

droshky* (Russ.), a four- 
wheeled vehicle, not -sky. 

drought/*, -y *, aridity, not 

Drouyn de Lhuys (I.), 
1805-81, Fr. statesman. 

D.R.P., Deutsches Reichs- 
patent (German patent) ; 
Deutsche Reichspost (Ger. 
Imperial post). 

Druckf (Ger. typ. m.), a 
proof; -er, a printer; 
"febler, s. and pi., mis- 

Drumlea, Newtown 

Drum lee, Co. Down. 

Dr. Univ. Par., Doctor of 
the University of Paris. 

drunkenness*, «o^-eness. 

Druse*, one of a Moham- 
medan sect, not -ze. 

dryasdust* (one word). 

dryly*, 6«/ dri/er*, -est*. 

cLs., days' sight, days after 
sight ; D.Se., Doctor of 
Science; D.S.O., Dis- 
tinguished Service Order ; 
d.S.p., decessit sine prole 
(died without issue) ; 
d.s.q., discharged to sick 

^3,,domitius; at Cambridge, 
a giaduate. 

d.t., delirium tremens. 

D.Ter., Dakota Territory; 
oflSc. abbr. Dak. 

D.Th., Doctor of Theology. 

Du., Dutch. 

du (typ.), as prefix to a 
proper name, in accord- 
ance with continental 
practice, should not have 
initial cap., as du Chatelet, 
except when anglicized. 
Signatures to be copied. 

dualize*, not -ise. 

Dual Monarchy (caps.). 

dub., dubitans (doubting), 
dubius (dubious). 

du Barry (M. J. G. de V., 
comtesse), 1746-93. 

Dublin, abbr. Dubl. 

Dubois - Reymond 
(Emil), 1818-96, physiol- 
ogist, «o/du Bois. 

due (Fr. m.), Duke (not 

duces tecum*, a subpoena. 

du ChaiUu (P. B.), 1837- 
1904, traveller. 

Duchesne, pron. dak'sn. 

ductus, a duct ; pi. same. 

duell/er*, -ing* (two Z's). 

duel Jo* (It.), a duel. 

duenna* (not ital.). 

due puati (It. typ.), the 

duff* (naut.), a pudding, 
not dough. 

Dugue8clin(B.), 1314-80, 
Fr. soldier. 

Duke, abbr. D. ; in Fr. 
due (not cap.). 

Duke of York's School, 
soldiers' orphan asylum. 

Dukhobors, Russian sect, 
not Douk-. 

Duleep Singh, not Dhu- 
leep, Dulip. 

dullness*, not dulness. 

Dulong and Petit (law 
of) (physics). 

Dumas (Davy de la 
Pailleterie — "Alex- 
andre"), 1803-70, Fr. 
writer ; — (Alexandre), 
his son, 1824-95, also 




writer ; Dumas (J. B.), 

1800-84, chemist. 
Du Maurier (George 

L.P.B.), 1834-96, artist. 
Dumbarton, not Dun-, 
dumb-bell* (hyphen). 
dumbfound/*, -ed*,-er*, 

not clumf-. 
dual sola (law), while 

Dunblane, not Dum-. 
dun cow* (Devon), a ray 

Dunelm., signature Bp. of 

Durham (full point). 
dungaree*, coarse calico, 

not -eree. 
duniwassal* (Sc), a 

Highland gentleman, not 

Dunkirk, dep. Nord ; in 
, Fr. Dunkerque. 
Dunn (Sir W.), 1833-. 
Dunne (Sir J.), 1835-. 
Dunnottar Castle, Kin- 
cardine (two «'s and i's). 
Duns Scotus (Johan- 
nes), 1265 or 1274-1308, 

duodecimo* (typ.), 7^2 x 

4^/j in., abbr. 12mo (no 

Duodez (Ger. typ. n.), 

Dupuytren (G., baron), 

1777-1835, anatomist. 
durchscbiessen (Ger. 

typ. ), to lead or space ; 

durcbscbossea, leaded 

(type), interleaved 

(books) ; DurcbschUsse, 

leads; durcbseben, to 

Diirer (Albrecht), 147 1- 

1528, German painter ; 

Dureresque*, his style, 
duress*, constraint, «o/ -e. 
Durham, abbr. Dur. 
durrie, use dhurrie *. 
Dussek (J. Ii.), 1 761-1812, 


Diisseldorf, Germany. 
Dutch/, abbr. Du. ; — 

alphabet (typ.), same 

as English. No accented 

or marked letters, tj — 

Eng. ^ ; — paper, van 

G elder's, hand-made in 

duumvir/*, magistrate ; 

Eng. pi. -s*. 
dux (Lat.), a leader, pi. 

duces ; dux gregis, 

leader of the flock. 
D.V.*, Deo volente (God 

D.V.M. (U.S.A.), Doctor of 

Veterinary Medicine. 
Dvofdk (Antonin), 

1841-1904, composer, 

pron. dvor'zhek. 
d.v.p., decessit vita patris 

(died during his, or her, 

father's lifetime). 
Dwina, N. Russia, not 

Dvina, Duna. 
dwt., pennyweight, -s, 

24 troy grains, not 

Dyak,of Borneo,«o/ Dayak. 
dygogram*, a magnetic 

deviation curve, 
dyke, Ks^dike**. 
Dymoke (F. S.), 1862-, 

Eng. Sovereign's Cham- 
pion, not Di-, Dimock, 

dynamics, is singular ; 

abbr. dyn. 
djmamo/ *, pi. -s. 
dyotheism, the doctrine 

that there are two 

Dysart (Earl o/), also 

D.Z., Doctor of Zoology. 
dzne., douzaine (dozen). 
D.-Zug (Ger. m.), Durch- 

gang-Zug (a through 







E., Earl, Earth, east, 
Eastern postal district, 
London, engineer, second- 
class merchant ship at 
Lloj'd's, (Roj-al Nax'y) 
engineering, fifth in a 
series, all proper names 
with this initial. 

E* (chem.), erbium. 

e, eccentricity of ellipse, 
(dyn.) coefficient of elast- 
icity, (elec.) electromotive 
force of cell. 

e, or e (math.), base of Na- 
pierian logarithms. 

e (It., Port.), and. 

i (Port.), is. 

e (It.), is. 

h (e grave accent), to be 
used for the last syllable 
of past tenses and parti- 
ciples when that other- 
wise mute syllable is to be 
separately pronounced, 
as, " Hence, loathed 
melancholy ! " 

each (gram.) must be fol- 
lowed by verb and pro- 
noun in sing., as " each 
person knows his own 
property." Abbr. ea. 

eagre*, tidal wave, not-er. 

E. & O. E.*, errors and 
omissions excepted. 

Earl, abbr. E. 

earlier, correlative of later. 

ear-ring* (hyphen). 

Earth (the), abbr. E., 
sign ©. 

east, abbr. E. {see also 

East End, London (caps.). 

Easter Sunday*, first after 
the calendar full moon 
on, or next after, 21 

East Indies*, "include 
Hindustan, Further India, 
and the islands beyond" 
(O.E.D.); abbr. E.I. 

easy chair* (two words). 

easygoing (one word). 

eau^-de- Cologne*, — de- 
vie* (hyphens) ; — 
forte*, nitric acid, also 
an etching; — -fortiste, 
an etcher ; — BUQr§e, 
sugar and water (not 

E.B., " Encyclopaedia Bri- 

E.B, (Ger.), Eisenbahn 

Eblis, not I-. 

ebonize*, «o^-ise. 

Ebor., Eboracum (York), 
Eboracensis, signature of 
Abp. of York (full 

E. b S., east-by-south. 

eburnean*, like ivory, not 

E.G., Established Church, 
Eastern - Central postal 
district, London. 

icart (Fr. m.), error. 

6cart6*, a game of cards, 

Ecce/ Homo*, ''Behold 
the Man " ; — signum *, 
here is the proof. 

Ecele^echan, birthplace 
of Carlyle, 4. 12. 1795. 

Ecclesiastes, abbr. Ec- 

ec3lesiastical/, abbr. 

eccles. ; — signs : — 
Maltese cros% »{4 used in 
R.C. service books to 
notify ''make the sign of 
the cross," also before 
signatures of certain R.C. 
dignitaries ; Latin cross 
^ ; St. Andrew's cross X ; 
in service books, '^L re- 
sponse, f versicle, * 
words to be intoned. 

Eoclesiasticus, abbr. 


Scbalote (Fr. f.), a shallot, 
not esch-. 


6chantillon (Fr. m.), a 

E3hegaray(Jos§), 1832-, 
Sp. dramatist. 

echelon* (mil.), a troop for- 
mation (notital.,no accent). 

echo/*, pi. -es*, not -os. 

iciaircissement* (Fr.m.), 

6clat*, renown (not ital.). 

economize*, «o/ -ise. 

econom/y, -ical, -ios, 
-ist, abbr. econ. 

ScossaisI (Fr.), fetft. -e, 
Scotch (not cap.); also 
Scossaise*, a dance. 

ecraseur*, surgical instru- 
ment (no accent). • 

Screvisse (Fr. f.), crayfish, 

ecru*, unbleached linen col- 
our (no accent, not.ital.). 

ecstasy*, not -cy, ex-. 

ecstatic*, not extatic. 

E.C.U., English Church 

Ecuador, not Eq- ; abbr. 

ecumenic/, -al, usecBOVL- *. 

E.D.D., "English Dialect 

"Edda/"*, a collection of 
Icelandic legends ; pi, -s. 

Eddystone Lighthouse. 

edelweiss*, Alpine plant. 

edema/, -tous, use ced-*. 

edge-bolt (binding), the 
closed folds of a sheet as 
shown in an uncut book. 

edges (binding) : cir- 
cuit — , covers turned 
over to protect the edges 
of the paper; cut — , the 
three edges cut solid by 
a cuttingmachine; gilt — , 
the three edges cut solid 
and gilt ; gilt-top — , top 
edge cut solid and gilt, 
others trimmed only ; 
marbled — , all edges cut 
solid, and stained like 
marble ; opened — , cut 
with a hand paper-knife; 
red — , the cut edges col- 

edges (binding) (cont.). 
oured red and burnished 


the cut 

edges finely sprinkled 
with colour; tooled — , 
those with impressed de- 
signs ; trimmed — , top 
edge untouched, and in- 
equalities only removed 
from the others, the folds 
are not opened ; uncut, 
unopened, or untouch- 
ed — , all edges quite un- 
touched, being left as they 
are folded ; white — , cut, 
not coloured or gilt {see 
also margins). 

edge-tool*, not edged — . 

edgeways*, not -y, -wise. 

Edgeworth (Prof. F. Y.), 
econ.; — (Maria), 1767- 
1849, writer. 

Edgware Hoad, London, 
not Edge-. 

edidit (Lat.), he, or she, 

edile, useBd6Me*. 

Edinburgh, abbr. Edin. 

Edipus, use CE- *. 

iditeur (Fr. m.), publisher, 
not editor. 

edition, abbr. ed. (see also 
title pages). 

Edition de luxe, a sump- 
tuous edition (not ital.). 

edition (limited), where a 
smaller number than usual 
of a book is printed. 
Each copy should contain 
a printed certificate some- 
what as this : " 250 copies 
of this book have been 
printed, of which this 
is No. — "( the number 
being written in ink). 

edltioj princeps, a first 
printed edition; pi. -nes 

editor, abbr. ed., pi. eds. ; 
in Fr. m. directeur^ r6- 
dacteur en cbef, or 

editorial*, newspaper art- 
icle with the editor's views. 



editress*, a fem. editor, uot 

Edmund, abbr. Edm. 

E.D.S., English Dialect 

educationist*, not -alist. 

Edward, abbr. E., or Ed. 

E.E., Early English, errors 
excepted, (Ger.) Euer 
EhrwUrden (your Rever- 

ee (Sc), eye; pL sen. 

E.E. & M.P., Envoy Ex- 
traordinary and Minister 

eerie*, weird, not -y. 

E.E.T.S., Early English 
Text Society. 

effecter*, not -or. 

Effendi*, Turkish title of 
respect, not -dee. 

eflauvi/um*, pi. -a* (not 

eflluxion*, «o/-ction. 

e.g.*, exempli gratia (for 
example) (I.e., not ital,, 
preceded by comma). Use 
" for example " rather 
than e.g. 

Sgare mentj {Fr.m.), error; 
pi. 'S. 

Eginhard, use Ein-. 

egis, use se-*. 

egotize*, to act egotistic- 
ally, not -ise. 

egret*, the lesser white 
heron {seealso aigrette*). 

Egypt/, -ian, abbr. Egy. ; 
— Exploration Fund, 
not Egyptian . 

egyptian* (typ.), a type 
with thick stems, 
as this. 

Egyptian pound, in Eng. 
;^i. OS. 6i/,d. ; abbr. £E. 

Egyptienne (Ger. typ. f.), 
same type as "English." 

Egyptolog/ist, -y, abbr. 

eh (typ.), when exclama- 
tion, to be followed by 
exclamation point ; when 
question, by note of in- 

E.H.P., electrical horse- 

Ehrenbreitstein, on the 
Rhine, not -enstein. 

E.I., East India, -n, -ies. 

-ei-, in words, the pronun- 
ciation of which does not 
imply thespelling:— being, 
ceiling, conceit, conceive, 
counterfeit, cuneiform, de- 
ceit, deceive, deign, eider, 
eidograph, eight, eighth 
(etc.), eirenicon, either, 
feign, feint, foreign, for- 
feit, freight, heifer, heigh- 
ho, height, heinous, heir, 
-ess, inveigh, inveigle, 

• kaleidoscope, leisure, 

meiosis, neigh, -hour, 
-bourhood, neither, non- 
pareil, obeisance, perceive, 
plebeian, receipt, receive, 
reign, reindeer, reins, 
Seidlitz, seigneur, seize, 
skein, sleight, sovereign, 
surfeit, their, tireing, veil, 
vein, weigh, -t, weir, weird 
{see also -ie-). 

E.I.C., East 'India Com- 

eiconic, use iconic *. 

E.I.C.S., East India Civil 
Service; frequently I.C.S. 

eidol/on*, a phantom ; pi. 

Eifel Mountains, Ger. 

Eiffel/ (A. G.), 1 832-, Fr. 
engineer ; — Tower, 

eighteenmo* (typ.), deci- 
mo-octavo, abbr. ISmo 
(no point) ; demylSmo, 
about 6 X 3^/4 in. 

eigret/, -te, use aigrette* 
(see also egret). 

eikon, use icon*. 

" Eikon Basilike,** a 
work of Charles I (?). 

einbringen (Ger. typ.), 
to put a word into the 
preceding line. 

ein Drittel (Ger.), one- 
third ; (typ.) thick space, 
one-third em. 



Einhard, 770-840, writer, 
not Egin-. 

Einleitung (Ger. typ. f.), 

eirenicon*, a peace pro- 
posal, not ir-. 

Eisteddfod/*, a congress 
of bards ; pron. ice-teth'- 
vod, pi. -au. 

either (gram.), correctly 
used for two only and 
must be followed by verb 
and pronoun in sing., as 
"either is to be taken." 
Correlative or, not nor. 

ejUSdemKLsit. ),of the same, 
abbr. ejusd. ; — generis ^ 
of the same kind. 

El (Heb.), God. 

el (Sp. m.), the. 

el (Sp.), he. 

Elagabalus, not Helio-. 

elan*, dash, spirit(notital.). 

elater/*, not -or ; pi. -s. 

Elburz (Mount), Cauca- 
sus, not -ruz. 

elchee* (Turk.), an am- 
bassador, not -i, eltchi. 

Elder Brethren of Trinity 
House (caps.). 

El Dorado*, the golden 
land (two words, not ital.). 

elec, electricity, electrical, 

elector*, not -er. 

electress*, wo/-toress. 

electrocute, to carry out 
a death sentence by elec- 

electrolier*, a cluster of 
electric lamps (not ital.). 

electrolyze*, not -yse. 

electro/meter*, electricity 
measurer ; -motive * ; 
-motor*, electric loco- 
motive (one word). 

electrotype* (one word) ; 
abbr. electro (no point). 

electuary, abbr. elec. 


SlSgantl (Fr.), a fashion- 
able man ; /em. -e*. 

elegist*, writer of an 
elegy, not -giast. 

eleme*, a dried fig (not 
ital., no accent). 

elementary, abbr. elem. 

elements (chemical), no 
point after symbols ; see 
also under each name. 

elemi*, a resin. 

elench/us* (logic), pi. -i*. 

elenctic/*, of refutation, 
not -chtic. 

elephanta*, a violent 
storm, not -er (not ital.). 

elephant-paper*, 28x23 
in. ; double ditto*, 40 x 
26^/4 in. 

elevator*, not -er. 

6lhve (Fr. m. and f.), a 
pupil, scholar. 

elf*, a sprite ; pi. elves*. 

Elgin Marbles (caps.). 

Elia, pen-name of Charles 
Lamb, 1775-1834. 

eligible*, «o/ -able. 

Eliogabalus, use Ela-. 

Eliot, fam. name of Earl ot 
St. Germans; — (Sir 
C. N. E.), 1864- ; — 
(George), 1819-80, pen- 
name of Mary Ann, or 
Marian, Evans; — (Sir 
John), 1839-, F.R.S.(sf^ 
also E11-). 

Eliott(Qeneral George), 
1779-83, defender of Gib- 
raltar; — (Sir W. F. A.), 
1827- {see also Eliot, 

elision (typ.), suppression 
of a vowel or syllable, as 
e'en for even. In Eng. 
generally and Fr. always, 
letters to be close up. In 
Gr., It, Lat, Sp. to be 
spaced {see also ellip- 

elisor* (law), one who 
selects a jury. 

6lite* (Fr. f.), a select part 
(not ital.). 

elixir* (not ital.). 

Elizabeth, abbr. Eliz. 

Ellichpur, Ind., not Ilich-. 

Elliot, fam. name of Earl of 
Minto; — (SirA.J.H.), 



1850- ; — (Sir George), 
1867- ; — (Sir H. G.), 
1817-, P.C. ; — (Sir H. 
G.), 1826-, K.C.M.G. 
EUiott (Sir C. A.), 1835- ; 

— (Sir C. B.), 1841- ; 

— (Sir T. H.), 1854- {see 
also Eli-). 

ellips/is*, the omission of 
words, pi. -es* ; (typ.) 
three periods {not aster- 
isks) separated by em 
quads (en in narrow 
measures) are sufficient 
to mark omissions in all 
cases. When the pre- 
ceding sentence has been 
brought to a close, four 
should be used ; the first 
to be close up ; not illi- 
{see also elision), 
eloge*, an oration (no ac- 
cent, not ital.) ; in Fr. 
m. iloge. 
Elohim * ( Heb. ), the Deity, 
eloin* (law), to abscond, 

not -gn. 
E. long., east longitude. 
Elsass-Lothringen, Ger. 
for Fr. Alsace-Lor- 
raine, now the Reichs- 
Elsinore, Dan. for Hel- 

elucidator*, not -er. 
;filys6e palace, Paris. 
Elysium* (cap., not ital.). 
elytr/on*, a covering ; pi. 

-a* (not ital.). 
Elzevir type *, a style of type 
condensed or compressed in 
appearance, as this. 
Magister (Master of the 
Em., Emmanuel, Emily, 

em/ (typ.), the unit of meas- 
urement, the square of 
the body of any size of 
type ; — quad^ a space 
used after each period and 
before the first word of 

new paragraph; em rule, 
5^<? punctuation, IX. 
embalmment* (3 m's). 
embank*, not im-. 
embargo/*, «o/im- ; pi. -es 

(not ital.). 
embarkation*/^©/- cation, 
embarras* (noun). 
embarras des richesses 
(Fr.), a superfluity of good 
embarrass* (verb). 
embassador*, used only 

in America, 
embassy*, «o/am-. 
embathe*, not im-. 
embed/*, -ded*, -ding*, 

not im-. 
embezzlement*, not 

embitter*, «o/ im-. 
emblaz/e*, -onry *, «o/ im-. 
emblematize*, not -ise. 
emblossom*, not im-. 
embod/y*, -ied*, -ier*, 

-iment*, not im-. 
embolden*, not im-. 
embonpoint* (Fr. m.), 

plump, plumpness. 
embosom*, not im-. 
emboss*, not im-, 
embouchement*, a river- 
embouchure* (mus.), 

mouthpiece (not ital.). 
embound*, not im-. 
embowelled*, not -eled. 
embower*, not im-. 
embrangle*, not im-. 
embrasure*, not -zure. 
embroglio, ttse im- *. 
embroil*, not im-. 
embrue, use im- *. 
embrute, use im-*. 
embryo*, />/. -s. 
embue, use im- *. 
E.M.D.P., electromotive 

difierence of potential. 
emend*, to remove errors. 
emerald (typ.),atvpeasthis 

about six and a half point, 128 
lines to the foot. 

emerit/us *, honourably re- 
tired ; pi. -i. 



emeu, use emu*. 

imeute* (Fr. f.), insur- 

E.M.F., electromotive force. 

SmigrjS* (Fr. ),/eM. -Se, an 

Emir, use Ameer*. 

E.M.K. (Ger.), elekfro- 
motorische Kraft (electro- 
motive force). 

Emmanuel/ College, 
Cambridge ; — III, King 
of Italy (two w's). 

Emp., Emperor, Empress. 

empsBStie*, embossed, not 

empair, use im- *. 

empale, use im-*. 

empanel/ *, to enrol* ; 
-led*, -ling*, «o/ im-. 

empassion, use im- *. 

Emperor/, abbr. Emp.; — 
of Germany, use Ger- 
man Emperor. 

emphas/is*, pi. -es*. 

emphasize*, «o/-ise. 

empicture*, not im-. 

empierc/e*, -ing*, «o/im-. 

emplacement* (not ital.). 

em-ploy j6*, frequently em- 
ployee (no accent), fern. 
-6e * ; pi. -6s, fetn. -6es 
(not ital.). 

empori/um*, pi. -a. 

etnpressiS (Fr.),/^w. -6e, 
keen, eager. 

empressement* (Fr. m.), 

emprise*, not -ize. 

emptiness*, not -tyness. 

emptor*, a purchaser. 

empyreum/a*, the^burnt' ' 
smell of organic matter, 
not -ruma ; pi. -ata*. 

emu*, not emeu. 

emulator*, not -er. 

en/ (typ.), half the width of 
an em ; — quad, a space 
usually inserted after a 
colon, semicolon, note of 
exclamation, and of inter- 
rogation, when not ending 
a sentence ; — rule (see 
punctuation, XII). 

enactor*, not -er. 

en amateur (Fr.), like an 

enamell/ed*, -er*, -ing*, 

-ist*, not -eler, etc. 
enamorato, use in-*. 
enj arrihre (Fr.), behind ; 

— attendant, mean- 
while ; — avant, for- 
ward ; — bloCf in the 
mass ; — bon fran^ais, 
without mincing matters ; 

— cachette, in hiding. 
Encsenia*, Commemora- 
tion at Oxford, not -cenia 
(not ital.). 

encage*, not in-. 

encase*, not in-. 

enceinte*, pregnant, an 
enclosure (not ital.). 

enchase *, not in-. 

enchhre (Fr. f.), auction. 

en cbeveux (Fr.), (of a 
woman) bare-headed. 

enchiridi/on*, handbook 
or manual ; pi. -a (not * 

enclasp*, not in-. 

enclave *, territory sur- 
rounded by foreign do- 

encloister*, not in-. 

enclose *, not in-. 

en cceur (Fr.), heart- 

encomium/*, a eulogy ; 
pi. -s (not ital.). 

encore*, again (not ital.). 

encouragement*, not 

encroach*, not in-, 

encrust*, not in-. 

encrystal, use in-*. 

encumber*, not in-. 

encyclop8Bd/ia*, -iac*, 
-iacal*, -ial*, -ian*, 
-ic*, -ical*, -ism*, 
-ist*, -ize*, not -pedia ; 
abbr. ency. 

"Encyclopaedia Britan- 
nica," abbr. Ency. Brit. 

end a break (typ.), in 
composing, to fill up last 
line with quads. 



endenin/ify,-ity, use in-*. 
endent/, -ure, use in- *. 
enj dernier ressort (Fr.), 
as a last resource ; — 
deshabilli, in undress; 
— deux mots, to cut a 
long story short. 
end even (typ.), in com- 
posing, the last word of 
a ''take" of copy to end 
a full line : opposed to 
"end a break." 
endite^ use in-*. 
endleaves(typ.), the blank 
fly-leaves at the beginning 
and end of a book. 
endors/e*, -able*, -ee*, 

-er*, -ement*, uoi in-. 
end papers, see end 

endu/e*, -able*, -ing*, 

noi in-. 
endiir/e*, -able*, -ed*, 

-er* -ing*, «o/in-. 
endways*, mo/ -wise. 
•Endymion, Gr. legend. 
E.N.E., east-north-east 

{see also COmpass). 
en Scbelle (Fr.), ladder- 
Eneid, use .^neid*. 
enema/*, an injection ; pi. 

-s* (not ital.). 
energize*, «o/ -ise. 
en famille (Fr.), with one's 

enfant gatS (Fr. m.), spoilt 

enfants perdus (mil.), 

forlorn hope. 
enfeeblement *. 
enfeoff*, «o/-fief. 
en f&te (Fr.), in festivity ; 
enfin, finally (one word) ; 
enj fin de cowpte, when 
all is told ; — flagrant 
dSlit, in the very act. 
enfold*, noi in-, 
enforce/*, -able*, «o/in-. 
enfranchis/e*, -able*, 
-ement*, -ing*, not -izc. 
Eng., England, English. 
eng., engineer, -ing, en- 
graved, -er, -ing. 

Engadine, Switz. ; in Ger. 

engagement*, «o/-gment. 
en gar^on (Fr.), as a 

engineer, -ing, abbr. E., 

or eng. 
Engl/and, -ish, abbr. 


English* (typ.), a 

fourteen-point type, as 
first line above, sixty-four 
lines to the foot. Used in 
Scotland for legal reports. 

English translation, 
abbr. E.T. 

engorgement *, noi 


engraft*, not in-. 

engrain *, not in-. 

en grandej tenue, or — 
— toilette (Fr.), in full 
dress ; en grand sei- 
gneur, magnificently. 

engrav/ed, -er, -ing, abbr. 

engroove*, not in-. 

engross*, not in-. 

engulf*, not in-, -gulph. . 

enherit, use in- *. 

enigma/, pi. -s. 

enisle*, not in-. 

enlargement*, «o/-gment. 

en masse * (Fr.), in a bodj'. 

enmesh*, not emm-, imm-. 

Enniskillen, Ireland ; — 
(Earl of), but Innis- 
killing Dragoons and 

ennui *, boredom (not ital. ). 

ennuy/e *, /^w. -ie, bored 
(not ital.). 

enoculate, use in- *. 

enj passant* (Fr.), by the 
way ; — petit, on a small 
scale ; — plein jOur, in 
broad daylight; —pr/nce, 
in princely style. 

enquete (Fr. f.), inquiry, 

enquir/e, -y, use in- *. 

enj rapport* (Jr.), in sym- 
pathy ; — rbgle, as it 
should be; —rSsumS, to 

1 08 


sum up ; en revanche, 

in revenge. 

enrol/*, -led*, -ler*, -ling*, 
-ment*, mo^ enroll, inroll. 

en route* (Fr.), on the way. 

en rule (typ.) (-), see 
punctuation, XII. 

ens* (Lat.), an entity; pi. 

ensconce*, not in-. 

ensculpture, use in-*. 

enseigne (Fr. m.), mid- 
shipman ; (f.) signboard. 

ensemble*, general effect 
(not ital.). 

ensheath*, not -the. 

ensilage* (not ital.). 

ensnare/*, -ment*, wo/ in-. 

en somme (Fr.), in the 

ensoul*, not in-. 
' enstall, use install*. 

ensuing*, not -eing. 

en suite* (Fr.), to match. 

ensure*, to make safe {see 
also assurance, insur- 

enswathe*, not in-. 

en fa6//er(Fr.), apron-like. 

entailed* estate, not in-. 

entente] (Fr. f.), meaning ; 
— cordiale, cordial un- 
derstanding; — {un mot 
k double), a word, or 
phrase, with two mean- 
ings, />/. mots d double 
entente, not entendre. 

enteric* (not ital.). 

enterpose, use in- *. 

enterpret, use in- *. 

enterprise*, not -ize. 

entStjS (Fr.),/em. -6e, in- 
fatuated, obstinate. 

enthral/*, -led*, -ler*, 
-ling*, -ment*, not in-, 

entitle*, but intitule*. 

entomology,abbr. entom. 

entourage*, surroundings 
(not ital.). 

entozo/on*, internal para- 
site; pi. -a* (not ital.). 
entr'acte!*, the interval 
between two acts ; pi. -s. 

entrain*, heartiness (not 
ital.), also to put in a rail- 
way train. 

en train (Fr.), in progress. 

entrap/*, -ped*, -ping*, 
not in-. 

entreat*, not in-. 

entrecote (Fr. cook, m.), 
the "undercut." 

entre deuxj (Fr.), betwixt 

and between two ; 

feux, between two fires ; 
vins, half-drunk. 

entree*, a made dish (not 

entrefitet (Fr. typ. m.), a 
short paragraph. 

entremets*, side dishes 
(not ital.). 

entrench*, not in-. 

entre] nous (Fr.), con- 
fidentially ; — quatre 
yeux, between ourselves. 

entrepdt*, a mart (not 

entrepreneur * (mus.), a 

entresalle *, an te - ro om 
(not ital.). 

entresol*, a story between 
ground -floor and first- 
floor (not ital.). 

entrust*, not in-. 

Ent. Sta. Hall, Entered at 
Stationers' Hall. • 

entwine*, not in-. 

entTvist*, not in-. 

enunciat/e*, -or*. 

enure (law), but use in-*. 

enveigh, use in-*. 

enveigle, use in- *. 

en vilin (Fr.), in vellum. 

envelop/* (verb), -ed*, 

envelope* (noun). 

en virit6 (Fr.), in truth. 

envoy ]6 (Fr.), /em. -Se, a 

en wall*, not in-. 

en weave, use in- *. 

enwind*, not in-. 

enwrap/*, -ped*, -ping*, 
not in-. 

enwreathe*, not in-. 


Eocene (cap., not ital). 

eoj instanti (Lat.), at that 
instant; — nomine, un- 
der that name. 

eolian, etc., use 8BO-*. 

eon, use aeon*. 

e.O.O.e, (Fr.), erreur on 
omission exceptee (error or 
omission excepted). 

"Eothen," by Kinglake. 

Eotvos (J., baron), 1813- 
71, Hungarian writer. 

epaulet*, mo/ -ette. 

Sperduj (Fr.),/etM. -e, dis- 

epergne* (not ital, no 

6perlans (Fr. m.), smelts. 

ifipernay, Fr. white wine. 

Eph., Ephesians, Ephraim. 

ephah*, Heb. measure, not 

ephemer/a*, same as -on; 
pi. -SB* (not ital.). 

ephemer/is *, a calendar ; 
pi. -ides*. 

ephemer/on *,/>/. -a* (not 

Ephesians, abbr. Eph. 

ephpbaiba (Aram.), "Be 

6pi (Fr. m.), roof finial (not 

^pice (Fr. f.), spice. 

epicentnim *, of earth- 

epideictic *, adapted for 
display, not -ktic. 

epigram/*, a pointed 
saying; pi. -S (not ital.). 

ipigramme* (Fr. cook, f.), 
small cutlets, etc. (ital.). 

Spinard (Fr. m.), spinach. 

epiornis, use sepy-. 

Epiphany, abbr. Epiph. 

episcopal, abbr. episc. 

epithalami/um *, a nuptial 
song ; pi. -a*. 

epitheU/um *, pi. -a. 

epitomize*, not -ise. 

epizo/on* (zool.), pi. -a*. 

e pluribus unum (Lat.), 
many made one (motto of 

eppur si muove (It.), and 

yet it moves ; e pur si — 
often used. 

ipreuvej (Fr. typ. f.), a 
proof ; — d' artiste, art- 
ist's proof. 

iprisj (Fr.), fern, -e, en- 

6prouvette*, gunpowder 

Epsom-salt*, not salts 


SpuisjS (Fr.), /em. -ee, 
exhausted ; (typ.) out of 

eq., equal. 

Equador, use Ecu-. 

equal/ to (no longer with) ; 
-led*, -ling*. 

equaliz/e*, -ation*. 

equal mark (typ.), = (a 
hair-space before and 

equanimity*, not "of 

Equator/, -ial, abbr. Eq. 

equerry*, not -ery. 

equestri/an *,/em.-ejine*. 

equiangular, sign X.. 

equilateral, sign _L. 

equinoctial*, not -xial. 

equinox/*, pi. -es*. 

equisetum/* (bot.), pi. 
-S* (not ital.). 

equivalent, abbr. equiv. 

equivocator*, not -er. 

equivoque* (not ital). 

E.R., Eduardus Rex (King 

E.R.A. (R. Navy), Engine- 
room Artificer. 

Eragny Press, of L. 

erbium, symbol Er*. 

Erckmann - Chatrian, 
two Fr. writers colla- 
borating from 1848-70. 

erector*, not -er. 

erethism* (path.), excite- 
ment, not ery-. 

E. K. et I., Eduardus Rex 
et Imperaior {EdwardKing 
and Emperor). 

erg*, unit of work (notital). 


ERGO — E.T.C. 

ergo* (Lat.), therefore 

Erichsen (Sir J. E.), 

1818-96, surgeon. 
Ericsson (John), 1802- 

89, engineer. 
Eros, god of love; pi. 

erpetolog/y, -ist, use h- *. 
errat/um*, //. -a* (not 

erstens (Ger.), in the first 

place ; erstgeboreii, 

erysipelas* (not ital.). 
erythism, use ere- *. 
Erzertim, Turk. Armenia, 

not -oum, -um. 
E.S. (paper), engine-sized. 
escalop, use scallop*, 
escarp/*, -ment*, a steep 

slope, not -pe. 
eschalot, use shallot*, 
escheator*, not -er. 
Eschscholtzia* (hot.), 

pron. e-sh5lt'se-a. 
Escorial, Spain, not Escu-. 
escritoire*, not -oir (not 

Esculap/ius, -ian, use 

escutcheon*, plate for 

keyhole, etc., not scut-. 
Esdras, not to be abbre- 
E. S. E., east-south-east 

(see also compass). 
Eskimo/, not Esquimaux; 

pi. -s. 
esophag/us, -eal, use 

esp., especially, 
espagnolette*, French- 

windov^r fastening, 
espalier*, a lattice- work, a 

trained fruit-tree(not ital.). 
especially, abbr. esp. 
Esperanto, new universal 

espi6gl/e*(Fr.),frolicsome ; 

-erie*, -ness (not ital.). 
espionage* (not ital.). 
espressivo* (It. mus.), 

with expression, not ex-. 

esprit/* (Fr. m.), genius, 
wit ; — de corps*, respect 
for a society by its mem- 

. bers ; — fort*, a strong- 
minded person,/"/, esprits 
forts* (not ital.). 

Esquimau, Vancouver, 
not -ault. 

Esquimaux, ws^ Eskimo. 

Esquire, abbr. Esq.* ; J. 
Smith, jun., Esq., not 
Esq., jun. 

esquisse* (Fr. f.), a sketch. 

ess*, name of the letter s ; 
pi. esses*. 

ess., essences. 

essays (typ.), cited titles 
to be roman double- 
quoted ; caps, as in title. 

Essouan, use Assuan. 

established, abbr. est. 

Established Church 
(caps.) ; abbr. E.G. 

estamin*, a woollen fabric, 
not et-. 

estaminet* ( Fr.m.), a cafe. 

estancija* (Sp.-Amer.), a 
cattle farm ; -ero *, its 

Esterhazyde Qalantha, 
Hungarian family. 

esthet/e, -ic, use aes-*. 

estimator*, not -er. 

estiv/al, -ation, use aBS- *. 

esto perpetua I (Lat.), 
may it endure for ever! 

estoppel* i,law), «o/-ple. 

estrangement*, not 


esturgeon (Fr. m.), stur- 

E.T., electric telegraph, 
English translation. 

Stage (Fr. m.), floor ; Sta- 
gbre* (f.), a piece of 

et alibi (Lat.), and else- 
where ; abbr. et at, 

et alii (Lat.), and others; 
abbr. et at., not et als. 

Stat-major (Fr. m.), a 
staff" of military officers. 

E.T.C, Eastern Telegraph 


et cetera* (not ital.), abbr, 
etc., or See. ; (typ.) abbre- 
viate in bookwork to 
"etc."; no comma be- 
tween "etc. etc." or "&c 
&c.," a duplication to be 

etceteras*, extras, sun- 
dries (one word). 

6t6 (Fr. ),been,(m. ) summer. 

eth, the Anglo-Saxon D, S 
(distinguish from "thorn " 

ether*, medium filling all 

space, not ae-. 
ethereal/*, -ity*, -ly*, 

not -ial. 
etherializ/e*, -ation*, 

not -ise. 
etherize*, to convert into 

ether, not -ise. 
ethnolog/y, -ical, abbr. 

etiology, use 8B-*. 
etiquette* (not ital.). 
Etna, Sicily, not JE-. 
Stolle (Fr. typ. f.), asterisk. 
et sequenjs, and the fol- 
lowing ; abbr. et seq.y 

pi. teSf abbr. et sqq. 

itude] (Fr. f.), a study ; — 

de concert (mus.), study 

of exceptional value. 
6tui*, case for small articles, 

not etwee (not ital.). 
etuvSe (Fr. cook, f.), stew. 
etymologize *, to trace the 

etymology of, not -ise. 
etyTQolog/y, -ical, 

-ically, -ist ; abbr. 

etymon*, a root- word. 
E.U., Evangelical Union, 
eucalypt/us* (bot), pi. 

euchre*, a card game, not 

Euclid (cap.) 
eudemon/*, a good angel ; 

-ize*, not eudae-. 
Euer {Ger. m.', your ; abbr. 

Eugdne, French Christian 

pame (d). 

Eugenie (Empress), 

widow of Napoleon III 

eulogium/*, eulogy;//, -s. 
eulogize*, not -ise. 
eulogy (a, not an). 
euphem/ism* (a, «o/an), 

-istic*, -istical* ; abbr. 

euphemize*, Ko/-ise. 
euphonize*, «o/-ise. 
euphony (a, not an). 
euphroe* (a, not an) 

(naut.), a crowfoot, not 

uphroe, uvrow. 
euphuism *. 
" Euphues " *, by Lyly. 
euraquilo *, a N. E. Levant 

wind, not euro-aquilo. 
Eure-et-Loir, Fr. dep-, 

not Loire. 

Eureka *, I have found [it] ! 

not Heu- (not ital.). 
Europe, abbr. Eur. 
European (a, not an); 

abbr. Eur. 
europeanize*, not -ise. 
evadable*, «o/-ible. 
evangel*, not -ile. 
Evangelical Union, abbr. 

evangelize*, «o/-ise. 
evaporimeter*, not -om- 

evaporize*, «o/ -ise. 
Sv^nement (Fr. m.), event, 
even pages (tj'p.), the left- 
hand, or verso, pages, 

those usually bearing the 

even numbers, 2, 4, etc. 
evens.caps. (typ.), s.caps. 

without cap. initials. 
every must be followed by 

verb and pronoun in sing., 

as " every bird tn'es to 

protect its young." 
every/body*, -day* (one 

every one* (two words). 
every^/thing *, -way *, 

-where* (one word). 
evoivable*, not -ible. 
ewlva* (It), shout of 


EWE — EX. 

ewe/, -r (a, not an"). 
ex* (Lat.), outof (notital.). 
ex., examined, example, 

exchange, excursion, exe- 
cuted, executive, 
exactor *, not -er. 
exaggeration, in Fr. f. 

exalter*, not -or. 
examined, abbr. ex. 
examplar, use exem-*. 
example, abbr. ex. ; in 

Fr. m. exem pie. 
ex animo * (Lat.), heartily, 
exasperator*, not -er. 
Exc., Excellency. 
exc, excellent, except, -ed, 

-tion, excudit (he, or she, 

engraved it). 
Excalibur *, Kin g Arthur's 

sword, not -bar, -hour (not 

ex capite (Lat.), from 

ex cathedra * (Lat.) {not 

-a), with authority ; pron. 

— ka-the'dra (O.E.D.) 

(not ital.). 
excavator*, not-er. 
excellence/ *, superiority ; 

pi. -s, not -cies. 
Excellenc/y, pi. -ies (per- 
sons), abbr. Exc. 
excellent, abbr. exc. 
except/, -ed, -ion, abbr. 

exc. ; -er*, not -or. 
excerpt/ *, an extract ; pi. 

exchange, abbr. ex., or 

exch.; Stock— (caps.), 

abbr. St. Ex. 
exchangeable*, «o/ -gable, 
exchequer, abbr. exch. 
excisable*, «o/-eable. 
excise *, not -ize. 
excitability*, not -ibility. 
exciter*, one who ex- 
cites, a stimulant, 
exciter * nerve, not -er. 
exclamat/ion, -ory, abbr. 

excl., or exclam. 
exclamation point (!), see 

punctuation, XVII. 

ex] COmmodo (Lat.), con- 
veniently ; — concesso, 
from what has been 

ex coupon, without cou- 
pon ; abbr. x.cp. 

excreta*, excreted matters 
(not ital.). 

excudit (Lat.), he, or she, 
engraved it ; abbr. exc. 

ex curia(L&t.), out of court, 
not -a. 

excursion, abbr. ex. 

excursus/*, a digression ; 
pi. -es* (not ital.). 

ex dividend *, without 
next dividend ; abbr. ex 
div.*, orx.d.* 

exeat*, let him leave, pi. 
-s; exeant*, let them 
leave (not ital.) {see also 
exit, exeunt). 

execut/ed, -ive, abbr. ex. 

execut/er*, one who ex- 
ecutes; -or* (law), abbr. 
exor. ; few. -rix*, abbr. 
exrx., pi. -rices*. 

exeges/is*, explanation ; 
pi. -es (not ital.). 

exemptaire (Fr. m.), a 
specimen, a copy ; in Ger. 
n. Exemplar, 

exemplar*, «o/exa-. 

exemple (Fr. m.), example. 

exempli gratia (Lat.), for 
example ; abbr. e.g., or 
ex. gr. (I.e., not ital., 
comma before). ** For ex- 
ample " better than e.g. 

exemplum (Lat.), a copy. 

exequatur*, an oflBcial 
permission (not ital.). 

exequies*, funeral cere- 
mony (not ital.). 

exercise*, not -ize. 

Exeter, in Lat. Exonia, 
abbr. Exon. 

exeunt omnes* (Lat.), 
they all leave, not exeant 
— {see also exeat, exit), 

ex facie* (Lat.) (Sc law), 
according to document. 

ex. gr., see exempli 
13 8 


exhibitor*, noi -er. 
exigeant/*,>w. -e*, exact- 
ing (no accent), 
exigency *. 
exigent*, urgent. 
ex interest *, without next 

interest ; abbr. ex int.*, 

existence*, not -ance. 
exist/ible*, -ibility*, noi 

exit/*,/*/, -s. 
exIt*{Lsit.),he, or she, goes 

out; pi. exeunt (ital.) 

{see also exeat, exeuttf) . 
ex lege (Lat.), arising from 

ex-libris* (s. and pi.), a 

book-plate (not ital.). 
ex necessitate (Lat.), 

ex new *, without the right 

to new shares ; abbr. ex 

n.*, orx.n.* 
exodi/um*. conclusion of 

a play; pi. -a* {see also 

Exodus, abbr. Exod. 
ex ofiScio* (Lat.), oflBcially 

(no hyphen, except as 

exon*, officer, yeoman of 

the guard. 
Exon., signature of Bp. of 

Exeter (full point). 
exor., executor, 
exorcize*, not -ise. 
exordium/ *, the begin- 
ning ; pi. -S* {see also 

exp., export, -ation, -ed, 

expanded type (typ.), a 

type of unusually wide 

face, as .A^BCr). 
ex parte* (Lat.), one-sided 

(no hy phen,except as adj. ). 
expectable*, uol -ible. 
expecter*, not -or. 
ex pede Herculem (Lat.), 

judge from the sample. 
expense*, not -ce. 
experimentalize*, not 


experimenter*, not -or. 

experimentjum (Lat), an 
experiment, pi. -a ; ex- 
perimentum crucis, a 
crucial test. 

experto crede ! (Lat.), be- 
lieve one who has tried it ! 

explanation*, abbr. expl. 

exploiter*, not -or. 

explorator*, not -er. 

export/, -ation, -ed, abbr. 

expos6*, explanation, ex- 
posure (not ital.). 

expositor*, not-er. 

ex post facto* (Lat.), after 
the fact. 

expostulator*, not -er. 

Ex- President (caps.). 

express, abbr. exp. 

expresser*, not -or. 

expressible *, not -able. 

expressivo (mus.), with 
expression, use es-*. 

exj pro fesso {Lat.), by pro- 
fession ; —proprio motu 
(Lat.), of his own accord. 

exrx., executrix. 

exsiccataB (hot.), dried 
plants, not -ti. 

ext., external, -ly, extinct, 
extra, extract. 

extasy,extatic, use ecs-*. 

extempore* (not ital.). 

ex tempore (Lat.), at the 

extemporize*, not -ise. 

extender*, not -or. 

extendible*, not -able. 

extensor*, a muscle, «o^-er. 

external/, -ly, abbr. ext. 

externalize*, not -ise. 

externat* (Fr. m.), a day 

extinct, abbr. ext. 

extincteur*, a fire ex- 
tinguisher (not ital.). 

extirpator*, not-er. 

extol/*, -led*, -ler*, -ling*. 

extorter*, not -or. 

extortioner*, not -or. 

extra, extract, abbr. ext. 

extractable *, not -ible. 

extractor*, not -er. 



extracts, see authorities, 

extramural* (one word). 

extravaganza* (notital.). 

ex usu (Lat.), by use. 

exuviae*, cast^overings of 

ex-voto*, an offering made 
in pursuance of a vow. 

Bxzellenz (Ger. f.), Excel- 
lency; abbr. Exz., not 

Eyck (Van), family of 
Flemish painters. 

eye/ball, -brow*, -ful*, 
not -full; -glass (one 

eyeing*, not eying. 

eye/lash, -lid*, -piece* 
(optics) (one word). 

eyerie, use aerie*. 

eye/sight*, -sore*, -wit- 
ness* (one word). 

eyot*, not ait. 

eyrie, eyry, use aerie*. 

Ezekiel, abbr. Ezek. 

Ezra, not to be abbrevi- 







p. — FAKIR 

P., Fahrenheit, Father (R.C. 
priest), (Univ.) Fellow, 
felon, (naut.) fog, formula, 
-ae, Friday, the sixth in 
a series, all proper names 
with this initial except^ 

P, fluorine, (math.) func- 
tion, (pencils) fine. 

f., farthing, fathom, feet, 
feminine, following, foot, 
franc, furlong, {G&t.) fol- 
gende Seite (next page), 
fiir {{or). 

t* {vans.), forte (loud). 

P. A., Football Association. 

f.a.a.*, free of all average. 

fabliau/*, a metrical tale ; 
pi. -X*. • 

fac.*, facsimile. 

fa9ade* (not ital.). 

face* (typ.), the printing 
surface of type, etc. 

facet/*, -ed*, -ing*, not-tt-. 

facetiflB*, humorous anec- 
dotes (not ital.). 

facia*, shop-front tablet 
(not ital.). 

fades* (nat. hist.), general 
aspect (ital.). 

facile princeps (Lat.), 
easily best. 

facWs descensus Averni 
(not Averno), easy is the 
descent to Avernus. 

facine, m5^ fascine*. 

Facit {Ger. arith. n.), pro- 
duct, result. 

fa^n de parler (Fr. f.), 
manner of speaking. 

facsimile* (one word, not 
ital.) ; pi. -8*, abbr. fac* 

facta, non verba (Lat.), 
deeds, not words. 

factotum* (not ital.). 

factum est (Lat), it is 

facul/a*, bright solar spot ; 
pi. -89 *, not fse-. 


f»c/es*, -al*, not fe-. 

faecul/a*, sediment ; pi. 
-39*, not fe-. 

** Faerie Queene," by 
Spenser, 1590-6. 

Paeroe Isles, use Faroe. 

fxx populi (Lat.), dregs of 
the people. 

fag-end* (hyphen). 

faggot*, not fagot. 

Fahrenheit*, temperature 
scale ; abbr. P.*, orPahr. 

faience*, glazed pottery, 
not fai-, fay-. 

faineant*, idle, \dler (not 

faint* ruled (paper), not 

fair copy (typ.), tran- 
script free from cor- 
rections ; abbr. f. CO. 

fairel des frais (Fr.), to 
make efforts to please ; 

— ses frais, to cover 
expenses ; — ecole, to 
found a school of art, etc. ; 

— une Scole, to make a 
blunder; — feu, to fire 
guns, etc. ; — du feu, to 
light a fire ; — son pa- 
quet, to pack up and go ; 

— un paquet, to make 
a parcel ; — suivre, to 
be forwarded, abbr. F.S. 

fair play* (two words), 
fairway*, not fare- (one 

faisan (Fr. m.), pheasant. 
fait accompli '^un) (Fr. m.), 

a thing done. 
faithful/*, -ly*. 
Faithfull (EmUy), 1835- 

95, writer. 
Faizabad, Oudh, not Fyz-. 
Fakenham, Norfolk, also 

fakir*, not -keer, -kier, 

•queer, -quir (not ital.). 


falderal*, song refrain; not 

fal de rol, folderol. 
faldetta*, Maltese hooded 

faldstool*, not fold- (one 

Falk Laws, Germany, 
fal-lal*, finery, «o/ fallol. 
fallible*, «o/-able. 
falsa lectio (Lat.), a false 

reading; abbr. f,l. 
falucea, use felucca*, 
falutln, use highfalutin* 

(one word). 
F.A.M., Free and Accepted 

fam., familiar, family, 
familiarize*, not -ise. 
family, abbr. fam. ; (hot., 

zool.) to have cap., not 
' ital. 
fanaticize*, to infuriate, «o/ 

fandango* (Sp.), a dance 

or its music (not ital.). 
fanfare* (mus.), a flourish, 
fanfaronade*, brag, not 

-nnade, -farronade. 
fantaisies (Fr. typ. f.), 

fancy types. 
fantasia* (mus.), a fancy 

composition (not ital.). 
fantast *, a dreamer, «o/ph-. 
fantasy*, not ph-. 
fantoccini* (It.), marion- 
fantom, use ph-*. 
faqu/eer, -ir, use fakir*, 
far., farad, -aic, farriery, 

farad/* (elec), unit of 

capacity ; symbol ^ ; 

-aic*, not -ic ; abbr. far. 
Faraday (Michael), 

1791-1867, chemist, 
faradization*, application 

ofmed. elec; Ko/faradais-. 
farce (Fr. f.), force-meat. 
farceufr * (Fr.), /em. -se, 

a joker. 
fareway, use fair-*, 
farewell* (one word). 
far-fetched* (hyphen). 
farinaceous*, «o^-ious. 

Faringdon, Berks (see also 

farm-house* (hyphen). 

Fame Islands, N. Sea, 
not Fam, Fearne, Feme. 

far niente (It.), doing 

Faroe Isles, /tot Fae-. 

Farquhar, pron. fark'wer. 

farrago*, wo/fara-. 

Farrar (F. "W., Dean), 
1831-1903, writer; — (Sir 
G. H.), 1859- {see also 

Farrer (Baron), 1859- ; 
— (Sir W. J.), 1 822-. 

farriery, abbr. far. 

Farringdon, Hants {see 
also Fari-). 

farth/er*, -est*, comp. and 
super!, of far: further 
means in addition to, and 
is used when the notion 
of far, or distance in space, 
is altogether absent. 

farthing*, abbr. f., or far. 

fasces* {pi.), a bundle of 
rods (ital.). 

fasci/a* (arch.); pi. -ae* 
(not ital.). 

fascicle*, also fascicule*, 
part of a book or volume. 

fascicuijus* (Lat.), a 
bundle; pi. -/* (ital.), 
abbr. fasc, 

fascine*, a bundle, not fa- 
cine (not ital.). 

F.A.S.E., Fellow of the 
Antiquarian Society, Ed- 

Fastens/ -een *, -eve *, 

- -even* (Sc), Shrove 
Tuesday, not Feastings-. 

fata Morgana*, mirage 

fat face type, one with 
tblck stems and fine hair- 
lines, as this. 

Father (R.C.), abbr. F.* 

fathom, abbr. f., or fm. 

fatigable*, «o/ -guable. 

faubourg* (Fr. m.), a 
suburb, cap. F when with 
name (not ital.). 



Faucit (Helen), Lady 
Martin, 1820-98, actress. 

Faulkland, in ' ' The 
Rivals," by Sheridan. 

fault-finding* (hyphen). 

faun/* (myth.), pi. -s (5^^ 
also fawn). 

fauna/*, pi. -a* (not ital.). 

tausse tortue (Fr. f.), 

faute de mieux (Fr.), 
for want of better. 

fauteuil/*, arm-chair; pi. 
-S (not ital.). 

fauxj(Fr. m.), aforgery ; (f.) 
a scythe ; — jour (astr.), 
false light; — pas* (Fr. 
m.), a blunder (two 

Fawkes (Guy), 1570- 
1606, conspirator. 

fawn*, a colour (see also 

fayence, use faience*. 

Fayrer (Sir Joseph), 
1 824-, physician {see also 

F.B., Fenian Brotherhood, 
Free Baptist; F.B.A., 
Fellow of the British 
Academy, not F.R.B.A.; 
F.B.S., Fellow of the 
Botanical Society ; 

F.B.S.E., Fellow of the 
Botanical Society, Edin. 

F.C., Football Club, Free 
Church (of Scotland) ; 
f.C.j fidei-contniissum (be- ' 
queathed in trust) ;F.C. A., 
Fellow of the Chartered 
Accountants (off. descrip- 
tion) ; F.C.C., First Class 
Certificate; F.C.O., use 
F.R.C.O.; fco., franco 
(free) ; f. CO., fair copy ; 
F.C.P., Fellow of the 
College of Preceptors ; 
fcp., foolscap; F.C.S., 
Fellow of the Chemical 

F.D., Jidei defensor (De- 
fender of the Faith). 

"Fetferrum (iron). 

FeameIsles,«s^Fame — . 

fearnought*, a woollen 

cloth, not -naught, 
feasible *, not -able. 
Feastings-,5^.pF astens-*. 
featherfew, use fever-*. 
February*, abbr. Feb. 
fecal, feces, use fsB-*. 
fecerunt (Lat.), they made 

it ; abbr. £F. 
fecial, use fetial*. 
fecit (Lat.), he, or she, made 

it ; abbr. fee, 
feciila, sediment, use f89-*. 
federal associations, see 

Federalist*, abbr. Fed.* 
federalize*, not -ise. 
Feejeean, use Fijian, 
feeoff/, -ee, use feo- *. 
feet, use only for two feet 

and over, not for one and 

a half foot, etc. ; abbr. f., 

or ft., sign '. 
feff/, -ment, use feoff*. 
Fehmgericht, use V-. 
Feilding,fam. name of Earl 

of Denbigh {see also Fie-), 
feint *, to pretend. 
feint ruled, use faa- * — . 
F.E.I.S., Fellow of the 

Educational Institute of 

felds/par*, -pathic*, not 

feliclter (Lat.), happily, 
fellah/*, Egyptian peasant ; 

pi. -een*, not -s, -in {see 

also Fiilahs). 
fellmonger*, hide-dealer, 
felloe*, wheel rim, «o/ felly. 
Fellow* (Univ.), abbr. 

F.*; in Lat. socius*; or, 

in the Royal Society, 

fellow-citizen* (hyphen). 
feUjy, use -oe*. 
felo-de-se* (Ang.-Lat.), 

suicide ; pi. felos-de-se. 
felon, abbr. F. 
Fels-naptha, not naph-. 
fels/par, -pathic, use 

felucca*, a vessel, not fa-, 

fi-, -lucca, -louk. 


fern., feminine. 

female (hot., zool.), sign ?. 

feme/* (law), wife, not 
femme ; -^ covert*, mar- 
ried woman (no hyphen) ; 

— -sole ' 


woman (hyphen) {see also 

Femgericht, use Vehm-. 

feminine, abbr. f., orfem. 

feminize *, to make femin- 
ine, not -ise. 

femmel de chatnbre* 
(Fr. f.), chambermaid, pi, 

femmes ; — ga- 

lante, a prostitute ; — 
incomprlse, an unap- 
preciated woman ; — 
savante, learned — (see 
also feme). 

fem/ur*, thigh bone, pi. 
-ora* (not ital.) ; -oral. 

fencible*, not -able'. 

fencing *, abbr. fenc. 

fendable*, not -ible. 

fendju (Fr.),/em. -i/e, cut 

F6nelon (P. de S. de la 
M.), 1651-1715, writer, 
not F^nelon. 

fenestrja* (Lat.), a small 
hole ; pi. -«*. 

fenugreek*, a plant, not 

feoff/*, -ee*, «o/feeo-, feff. 

feoffor* (law), not -er. 

feras natures (law), wild 

Ferd., Ferdinand. 

Ferdausi, Persian poet, 
use Fir-. 

fer-de-lance*, viper. 

feridgi* (Turk.), woman's 
cloak, not -ijah. 

fermentescible *, «o^-isc-. 

Fernando Noronha, 

Ferne Islands, use 
Fame — . 

Ferrara( Andrea), sword- 
smith, 1 6th cent. 

Ferrari (Paolo), 1822-89, 
It. dramatist. 

ferret/*, -ed*. -er *, -ing*. 

ferrule*, not ferrel, ferule. 

ferrum (iron), symbol Fe. 

fertilize*, not -ise. 

fervour*, not -or. 

F.E.S., Fellow of the 
Entomological Society. 

fesse* (her.), not fess. 

testa* (It.), a festival. 

festina lente (Lat.), 
hasten slowly. 

fet/e*, entertainment, -ed* 
(not ital.); fSte-cham- 
petre*, outdoor entertain- 
ment ; Pete-Dieu, feast 
of Corpus Christi, pi. 
F&tes (ital., hyphen). 

m\6 (Fr.), fern, -ie, well 
entertained (ital.). 

fetial*, ambassadorial, not 

fetid*, «o/foe-. 

fetish/*, not -ich, -iche ; 
-eer*, -ism*, -ist* (not 

fetor*, bad smell, notice-. 

fetus, use foe-*. 

feu/* (Scot.), ground rent, 
pron. few ; pi. -S. 

feuj (Fr.), late, deceased; 
/em. e. 

feud., feudal. 

feudalize *, to make feudal. 

feu I d' artifice ^Fr.m.), fire- 
work, pi. feux — ; — de 
Jole*, a salute, pi. feux 

feu- duty* (hyphen). 

feuille (Fr. typ. f.), a sheet. 

Feuillet (Octave), 1821- 
90, Fr. writer. 

feulHetl (Fr.typ. m.), a leaf; 
— blanc, blank leaf. 

feuIUetage (Fr. cook, m.), 

feuilleton* (Fr. m.), light 
literature ; in Fr. a con- 
tinuous story printed at 
the bottom of a newspaper 
page (not ital.). 

feverfew* (hot.), pyreth- 
rum, not feather-, fetter- 

fez/*, a cap; pi. -es (not 


F.F., Felictssiffti Fratres 
(Most Fortunate Broth- 
ers), (naut.) thick fog. 

F.f.iGcv.). Fortsetzungfolgt 
(to be continued). 

fF., feccrunt (they made it), 
(Ger.) folgende Seiten (fol- 
lowing pages), following 
(preferred to et seq.). 

ff (typ.), as initials for proper 
name, not Yi {seeSoYkeo). 

ff* (mus.), fortissimo (very 

F.F.A., Fellow of the 
Faculty of Actuaries. 

fff* (raus.), fortissimo (as 
loud as possible). 

ffolkes (Sir W. H. B.) 

F.F.P.S., Fellow of the 
Faculty of Physicians and 
Surgeons; F.F.P.S.G., 
ditto, Glasgow. 

F.Q., Foot-guards, (leather) 
fine grain, (paper) fric- 
tion glazed ; f.g.a.*, free 
of general average ; 
F.G.O., Fellow of the 
Guild of Organists ; 
F.G.S., Fellow of the 
Geological Society. 

f.i., for instance. 

F.I.A., Fellow of the 
Institute of Actuaries. 

fiacre* (Fr. m.), a four- 
wheeled cab. 

fianc/6*, fern. -§e*, one 
betrothed (not ital.). 

fiasco/*, a failure ; pi. -S. 

fibre*, not -er. 

fibrill/a*, a small fibre ; pi. 
-8B* (not ital.). 

fibrin*, «o^-ine. 

F.I.C., Fellow of the In- 
stitute of Chemistry. 

fichu*, shoulder cape. 

fict,,fctilis (made of pot- 

fiction, abbr. fict. 

F.I.D., Field Intelligence 

fidalgo* (Port.), a noble. 

fiddlededee ! * nonsense ! 
(one word). 

fidei-commissum* (Lat.), 
bequeathed in trust ; fidei 
defensor^ Defender of 
the Faith, abbr. F.D., or 
fid. def. 

fidget/*, -ed*, -Uy*, 
-ing*, -y* (one t only). 

// done! (Fr.) for shame! 

fidus Achates (Lat.), a 
trusty friend. 

fie-fie*, improper, not fi-fi. 

Fielding (Henry), 1707- 
54, novelist {seealso'Fei-). 

Field-Marshal (hyphen, 
caps.) ; abbr. F.M. 

Field Oflacer (no hy- 
phen) ; abbr. F.O. 

Fiennes, pron. fynz. 

fieri- facias*, a writ ; abbr. 
//. fa. * 

fift/y, -ieth, symbol L. 

fig., figurative, -ly, figure. 

.Figuier (L.), 1819-94, 

figurant]*, an actor, fern. 
-e*; m.andf.^/.-i*, not-es. 

figures, to be used for : 
— ages, but "he died 
in his eightieth year" ; 
bookwork, rarely, and 
only those over 100 ; 
dates; degrees, of heat; 
distances ; dollars, 
omit the ciphers for cents 
when there are none, as 
f 100, not $100 . 00 ; 
measures; money, omit 
ciphers for shillings and 
pence, when there are 
none, as ;^5o, ttot £50. 
OS. od. ; narrow mea- 
sure (works of) ; num- 
bers with vulgar or deci- 
mal fractions ; races, dis- 
tance and time ; scores, 
of games and matches; 
specific gravity; sta- 
tistics; time of day 
when followed by a.m. or 
p.m. ; votes; weights; 
not to be combined with 
words, for one amount : 
use all figures, or spell all 
out ; commas to separate 


each three consecutive 
figures from the right 
when five or more, except 
in math, work ; number of 
a house in road or street, 
etc., not to be followed by 
comma as " it does not 
make the meaning clear- 
er." One-and-twenty, 
etc. (hyphens). 

figures, spell out for:— 
accuracy — when im- 
portant ; book - work 
generally, always under 
loo ; beginning of 
sentences; degrees of 
inclination ; indefinite 
amounts, as two or three 
miles; legal work, al- 
ways; street names (nu- 
merical), as First Street, 
Fifth Avenue (see also 

figures/ (arable), i, a, 3, 
etc. ; — and plates, re- 
ferences to be <* Plate II, 
fig. 4" ; caps, on the plate 
to be s.caps. in the text ; 
— (dotted), i, 2, 3, may 
indicate repeating deci- 
mals; — (roman nu- 
merals), i, ii, iii, etc., to 
be used for folios of pre- 
liminary matter (no point 
after), not to be used for 
date on title page ; — 
(scratched), % % etc., 
indicate figures cancelled, 
but which are to be 
printed {see also author- 
ities, lac, numerals). 

P.I.Inst., Fellow of the 
Imperial Institute. 

P.I. J., use P.J.I. 

Piji/, -an, not Feejee, -an, 

Fildes (Sir Luke^ 1844-, 

filemot*, a yellowish- 
brown,«o/filamort, filmot. 

filet (Fr. cook, m.), fillet. 

filibeg* (Sc), not filli-, 
fily-, phila-, phili-, philli-. 

filibuster*, not fiUi-. 

filigree/*, not fila-, filla-, 
filli- ; — letter (typ.), an 
initial with filigree back- 

Pilipinas, Sp. for Philip- 
pine Islands. 

fille del chambre{Fr. f.), 
chambermaid, pi. fllles 
; Joie, a prosti- 

fillet/*, in Fr. m. filet; 
-ed*, -ing*. 

fillibeg, usemu*. 

fillip*, a stimulus. 

fillipeen, game of forfeits, 
use Philippine *. 

filmot, use filemot*. 

filoselle*, floss silk (not 

fils (Fr. m.), son, as Dumas 
fils (not ital.). 

filucca, use felucca*. 

Pin., Finland, Finnish. 

finable*, liable to a fine. 

finale*, conclusion (not 

P. Inc. S. T., Fellow of the 
Incorporated Society of 
Shorthand Teachers. 

findon-haddock, use fin- 
nan *. 

fine-paper edition, abbr. 

finesse* (not ital.). 

fingan * (Turk.), cofiee-cup, 
not -Jan. 

finger-end*, pi. finger- 
ends* (hyphen, noapos.). 

finicking*, fastidious, not 

finis*, the end (not ital.); 
(typ.) use of this on the last 
page dying out; if used, 
separate by blank lines, 
and set in even s.caps. 

Pinistdre, dep. France 
(accent, one r). 

Pinisterre (Cape), Spain 
(no accent, two r's). 

finnan-haddock*, not iha 
many variations. 

Pinnish/, abbr. Pin. ; — 
language (typ,), is set in 
ordinary roman characters 



Fin. Sec, Financial Secre- 

fiord* (Norw.), arm of the 
sea, not fj- (not ital.). 

F.I.P.S., Fellow of the 
Incorporated Phono- 

graphic Society. 

fir., firkin, -s. 

Firdausi, 93o(?)-io2o, 
Persian poet, not Ferdausi, 
Firdousi, Firdusi. 

fire/-arrQs *, — escape *, 

— -fly*, place*, — 

-plug* (abbr. F.P.), — 
-proof* (hyphens). 

fireside* (one word). 

firkin/, -s, abbr. fir. 

firman*, an edict. 

fim* (Alps), former years' 
snow (ital.). 

first-bom* (hyphen). 

firstfruit/, -s (one word). 

first proof (typ.), the first 
impression taken, and 
corrected by the "copy." 

firth*, an estuary, not fri-. 

fist* (typ.), the ^r. 

fisticufl's*, not fisty-. 

fistula* (not ital.). 

fitchew*, a polecat. 

fivefold* (one word). 

FitzGerald (Edward), 
1809-83, poet and trans- 
lator (one word), cap G. 

fixed star, sign ik or ^k- 

fizgig*, not fis-, fizz-. 

fizz*, a sound, notRz. 

fjeld* (Norw.), mountain 
(not ital.). 

F.J.I., Fellow of the Insti- 
tute of Journahsts, not 

fjord, use fiord*. 

F.K.Q.C.P.I., Fellow of 
the King's and Queen's 
College of Physicians, 
Ireland, now F.B.C.P.I. 

Fl., Flanders, Flemish. 

fl., florin, fluid, (Aus.) 

fl., flores (flowers), floruit 

f.l,, falsa lectio (a false read- 

Fla., Florida (off. abbr.). 

flabbergast*, not flaba-, 

fJabeHjum* (Lat.), a fan ; 
pi. -a*. 

flacon*, a small bottle. 

flagell/um*(zool.), a whip- 
like appendage ; pi. -a*. 

flageolet* (mus.), «o/-elet 
(not ital.). 

flageolet* (Fr. m.), a kid- 
ney-bean (ital.). 

flagon*, large wine bottle. 

flagraatej bello (Lat.), 
during hostilities ; — de- 
licto, during the crime. 

flag/ship*, -staff"* (one 

flair*, a ray fish (not ital.). 

f/air* (Fr. m.), scent (ital.). 

flambeau/*, a torch ; ^/.-x 
(not ital.). 

flamboyant* (not ital.). 

flamingo/, pi. -s. 

flan (Fr. cook, m.), custard. 

flanconade* (fenc), not 

Flanders, abbr. Fl. 

fJanejrie* (Fr. f.), lounging ; 
-ur *, /em . -use, an idler. 

flannelette*, «o/-ellette. 

flannelled*, «o/-eled. 

flut-cap*, writing paper 
17x14 in. 

flat/ impression* or — 
pull* (typ.), a simple 
proof without over- or 

flatus/*, pi. -es* (not ital.). 

Flaubert (Gustave), 
1821-80, Fr. writer. 

flautist*, a flute-player, 
not flu-. 

flavour*, 6«/flavorous*. 

flawy*, with flaws, not-ey. 

fleche* (Fr. f.), an arrow, 
a slender spire. 

flection, uie flexion*. 

fledgeling*, not -gling. 

fleet (the) Itas, not have. 

Flemish, abbr. Fl. ; (typ.) 
resembles Dutch, but y 
often used for ij. 

flesher* (Sc), a butcher. 



fleur-de-lis*, heraldic lily, 
not lys, nor flower- 
de-luce ; pi. fleurs-de- 
lis (not ital.). 

tieurei* (Fr. m.), a fencing- 

fleuron* (Fr. typ. m.), a 

flexible*, not -able. 

flexion*, «o^-ction. 

flibbertigibbet*, a chat- 

** Fliegende Hollander 
(Der)*' (The Flying 
Dutchman), opera by 
Wagner, 1843. 

FUegenkopfe (Ger. typ. 
m:), turned letters. 

flier, use flyer*. 

floatage*, «o/flot-. 

floatation, use flot- *. 

flocculjus* (Lat.), a small 
tuft ; pi. -/*. 

Floirac, a claret. 

flong* (typ.), paper for 

Flood (the) (cap.). 

f lor., floruit (flourished). 

flora/* (bot.), pi. -s (not 

f tores (Lat.), flowers ; abbr. 

floriat/e*, -ed*, florally 
decorated, not -eate. 

Florida, offic. abbr. Fla. 

florin, abbr. fl. 

floruit* (Lat.), flourished ; 
abbr. fI.,orflor. 

flotation*, not float-. 

flotsam and jetsam* 
(naut.), not float-. 

flourished, abbr. fl. 

F.Ij.S., Fellow of the Lin- 
nean Society (off", spell- 
ing), not Linnae-. 

fluent (math, typ.), the sign 
of integration y. 

Fliigel (J. a.), 1788 -1855, 

flugelman, use fugle-*. 

fluid, abbr. fl. 

fluidus (Lat.), liquid. 

fluky*, not -ey. 

flummox*, to confound, 
not -ix, -ux. 

flunkey/ *, not -ky ; pi. -s. 

fluorine*, «o/ -in ; symbol 

fluoroscope, X ray 


Flustr/a*, a seaweed ; pi. 
-8B* (not ital.). 

flutist, use flautist*. 

fluty*, flute-like, not -ey. 

fluxions* (math.), not 

fly*,/)/, flies*. 

flyer *, not flier. 

fly/-leaf*(typ.),ablank leaf 
at the beginning or end of 
a book, also blank leaf of 
a circular ; — -sheet*, a 
two- or four-page tract; 

title*, the half-title in 

front of the full title, or 
the one dividing sections 
of a work (hyphens). 

fly-wheel* (hyphen). 

F.M., Field-Marshal, For- 
eign Mission. 

fm., fathom. 

F.M.D., foot - and - mouth 

F.O., Field Officer, Foreign 
Office, (mus.) full organ. 

fo., folio. 

f.o.b.*, free on board. 

focalize*, not -ise. 

fo'c'sle*, a/50 forecastle*. 

foc/us*, pi. -i. 

focus/ed*, -es*, -ing*, not 


foenugreek, usefe-*. 
foetid, use fe- *. 
foetor, use fe- *. 
foet/us*, -al*, -ation*, 

-icide*, not fe-. 
fog (naut.), abbr. F.* ; 

thick — , abbr. F.F.* 
foggy*, misty, 
fog/y*, one with antiquated 

notions, not -ey, -ie ; 

pi. -ies. 
Fbbn*, Alpine south wind. 
foie (Fr. m.), liver, 
fol., following. 
folderol, use falderal*. 



foldstool, use fald-*. 

folgeadej Ger.),thefollow- 
ing ; — Seite, next page ; 
abbr. f., pi. S. 

foliaceous*, leaf- like, not 

folio, a book, etc., composed 
of sheets folded but once, 
and so having two leaves 
to the sheet ; a sheet of 
paper folded in two leaves 
only ; number of a page 
at top or bottom (for 
prefatory matter to be in 
roman numerals) ; 72 
words in English parlia- 
mentary procedure and 
English law, 100 words in 
America by U.S.A. Act; 
abbr. fo. 

folio (untrimmed leaf)— 
atlas — , 26x 17 in. 
crown or post — , 15 x 

demy—, 17V2X11V4 
elephant — , 23 x 14 
foolscap — , 13V2 X 8Va 
imperial — , 22 x 15 
medium — , 18 x 11V2 
royal — , 20 x 12^2 

folio verso, on the back 
of the leaf ; abbr. f.v. 

folljum* (Lat.), a leaf; pi. 

Folketing, lower house 
of Danish Parliament or 
Rigsdag ; noi -thing. 

folk-lore* (hyphen). 

folklor/ism*, -ist*, -istic* 
(no hyphen). 

follicle*, not -cule. 

following, abbr. f., or fol. 

fonda* (Sp.), an inn. 

fondant*, a sweetmeat (not 

fondue* (Fr. cook, f.), 
melted cheese, eggs, etc., 
not fondu (ital.). 

tons et OiigO (Lat.), source 
and origin ; pron. — — 

font* (Amer. typ.), Eng. 

Fontainebleau, dep. 


fonte (Fr. typ. f.), fount. 

food-Stuff* (hyphen). 

foolscap (paper) — 
folio, isVjxBVain. 
octavo, 674X4V4 
quarto, 8V2 x 6^/4 
writing paper, 17 x 

abbr. cap., or fcp. 

not fews, foose, fooz, 

foot, pi. feet, one and a 
half foot, etc., not feet 
until two are reached ; 
abbr. f., or ft., sign '. 

(hyphens), abbr.F.M.D. 

football* (one word). 

Foot-guards* (in order of 
precedence), the Grena- 
dier, Coldstream, Scots, 
and Irish Guards (hy- 
phen) ; abbr. F.G. 

foothold* (one word). 

foothook (naut.), use fut- 

footlights* (one word). 

foot-line* (typ.), the bot- 
tom line of a page, always 
blank, except for "signa- 
ture" of sheet, etc. 

foot-notes*, in MS. should 
be written immediately 
after the word to which 
they refer, and not at the 
bottom of the MS. page ; 
each to make a paragraph; 
all references to be by 
superior figures outside 
the final point, or quotes. 
In math, works, where 
figures might mislead, 
use *, t, etc. A white 
line, or rule, should separ- 
ate foot-notes from the 
text {see also authorities, 
reference marks). 



foot-pound*, abbr. f.p. 
for., foreign. 
f.O.r., free on rail. 
foram I en* (LaL), an orifice; 

pi. -Ina*. 
forasmuch* (one word), 
foray*, «o/forray. 
forbade*, mo/ -bad. 
forbear *, an ancestor, noi 


for/bear*, -bore*, -borne*. 

force majeure (Fr. f.), 

circumstances beyond 

one's control. 

force-meat*, not forced- 

forceps*, pi. same, 
forcible*, not -cable, 
forcite*, a dynamite, not 
' -site. 

forearm * (one word), 
forecast *. 

forecastle*, a/so fo*c*sle*. 
fore-edge*, the edge of 
a book opposite the bind- 
ing {see also margins), 
fore-end*, not forend. 
Forefathers* Day * 

(U.S.A.), 21 December, 
forefinger* (one word). 
foregather, use forg- *. 
forego *, to go before ; 
' forgo*, to abstain from, 

relinquish, etc. 
foreign, abbr. for. 
Foreign/ Mission, abbr. 
F.M:. ; — Office (caps.), 
abbr. F.O. 
forejudge*, to judge be- 
forehand ; forjudge* 
(law), to exclude, 
forel*, a covering, not 

fore-run* (hyphen), but 

fore/said*, -see *, -short- 
en*, -sight*, -stall*, 
-warn*, not for- (one 
foret (Fr. m.), a gimlet. 
forH (Fr. f.), a forest, 
foretell*, not fort-, fortel. 
for ever* (two words). 

forfend*, not fore-. 

forgather *, not fore-. 

forget-me-not* (botany). 

forgettable*, «o/-etable. 

forgivable*, mo/ -cable. 

forgo*, to abstain from, re- 
linquish, etc.; forego*, to 
go before. 

for instance, abbr. f.i. 

forjudge* (law), to ex- 
clude ; forejudge*, to 
judge beforehand. 

forma pauperis (ia) 
(Lat.), as a pauper. 

format*, the shape and 
size of a book, as thin 
quarto, thick octavo, etc. 
(not ital.). 

form*, a body of type 
secured in the frame called 
a chase, not forme. 

former *, correlative of 

formul/a*, pi. -»* (not 
ital.) ; abbr. F. 

formularize*, to formu- 
late, not -ise. 

foment* (Sc), facing, noi 

forray, use foray*. 

forsaid, use fore- *. 

" Fors Clavigera," by 

forspeak*, not fore-. 

forspend*, not fore-. 

Forster (John), 1812-76, 
biographer {see also 

forsw/ear*, -ore*, -om*. 
Fort, cap. F when with 
name, as Fort South- 
wick, Tilbury Fort ; abbr. 
fort., fortification, fortified. 
fortej* (mus.), strong and 
loud, abbr./*; —-piano* 
loud, then immediately 
soft, abbr. 4>; — -pos- 
sibiie, as loud as possible, 
fortell, use fore- *. 
fortissimo*, very loud ; 

abbr. //* or fff* (ital.). 
fortiter in re (Lat.), un- 
yielding in action. 


Fortsetzung] folgt (Ger.), 
to be continued, abbr.F./. ; 
— uttd Scbluss folgen 
(Ger.), to be continued 
and concluded, abbr. 

Port "William, Inverness 
(two words). 

forzando* {It. mus.), forced; 
abbr. sfz. 

fossja* (Lat), a cavity; pi. 

!*, a ditch, ftot foss. 

fossilize*, not -ise, 

Foster (Birket), 1825-99, 
painter; — (John), 1770- 
1843, essayist ; — (Sir 
Michael) , 1 836 -, physiol- 
ogist {see also Forster). 

Foucault (J.B.Ii.), 1819- 
68, Fr. physicist. 

Foulahs, use Fulahs. 

foulard *, a fabric (not ital.). 


foul proof* (typ.), one 
marked with many errors. 

foundry*, not -cry. 

fount* (typ,), a complete 
set of type of one par- 
ticular face and size ; in 
Amer. font* ; in Fr. f. 

fourfold* (one word). 

Fourth of July, U.S.A. 

Fox (C. J.), 1 749-1 806, 
politician ; — (George), 
1624-91, Quaker. 

Foxe (John), 1516-87, 

foxed * paper, stained 

foxhound (one word). 

foyer *, theatre lounge (not 

F.P., Fine Paper (the best 
edition of a work) ; fire- 

f.p. (mech.), foot-poun^. 

fp {m\xs.), forte-piano. 

f.p.a., free of particular 

F.R., Forum Romanunt 
(the Roman Forum), 

Fr., France, French, Friar, 
Friday, and proper names 
thus beginning ; (Ger.) 
Frau (Mrs., wife) ; (It) 
Fratelli (Brothers). 

fr., franc, from ; (Ger.) 
fret (free). 

fracas* (not ital.). 

fractionize*, «o^-ise. 

fractions (typ.), are more 
legible with the stroke 
oblique, as ^/a {not \), 
and should be so printed ; 

— when they cannot be 
supplied in type, to be 
spelt out ; compound — , 
as eight thirty-seconds 
or forty - seven sixty- 
fourths, to take hyphen 
for the compounded 
numeral ; — as one-half, 
two-thirds, half-crown, 
half- past, quarter-day, 
should take the hyphen ; 
decimal — , point to be 
a full point turned up; 
isolated — , spell out, as 
one-eighth, not ^/g; split 

— (t3T).), those with the 
dividing line attached to 
the denominator, and the 
numerator justified over 
it {see also figures). 

frsenum*, not fre-. 

Fragezeicben (Ger. typ. 
n,), interrogation mark (?). 

frais (Fr. m. pi.), cost, ex- 
penses ; (adj.) fresh. 

Fraktur (Ger. typ. f.), tert 
or black letter, ag t^i. 

F.R.A.M., Fellow of the 
Royal Academy of 

framable*, wo^-eable. 

framboise * (Fr. f.), rasp- 

franc* (Fr. m.), coin (not 
ital.) ; abbr. f. or fr., pi. 
f. or firs., to be put after 
the figures, as 10 f. 50 c, 
or 10*50 fr. 

France, abbr. Fr. 

franchise *, not -ize. 

franco, free ; abbr. fco. 



franc-tlreur* (Fr. m.), 
a light infantryman ; pi. 
francs- tire urs, i 

frangipane*, a cake, also 
perfume, not -ni. 

IFrankenstein, the hero 
who constructed a mon- 
ster, not the monster. 

«* Frankfurter Zeitung," 
not Frankfor-, -fu-. 

Franz - Josef Land, 
Arctic Ocean. 

frappant* (Fr.), striking. 

frappS* (Fr.), iced. 

F.R.A.S., Fellow of the 
Royal Astronomical So- 

Fraser,fam. name of Barons 
Lovat and Saltoun ; — 
(A. C), 1819-, philos. 
writer {see also Frazer). 

** Fraser*s Magazine." 

fratje* (It.), a iriar; pi. -/*. 

fraternize*, Ko/-ise. 

Frau * (Get. f.), Mrs., wife, 
not Frau \pron. frow ; abbr. 
Fr. ; pi. Frauen. 

Frauenhofer (J. von), 
1 787-1826, physicist. 

Fraulein* (Ger. n.), 
' 'Miss," young lady, pron. 
froi'line : pi. same ; abbr. 

Frazer (J. G.), 1854-, 
folklorist (5^^ a/so Fraser). 

F.R.C.I., Fellow of the 
Royal Colonial Institute ; 
F.R.C.O,., Fellow of the 
Royal College of Organ- 
ists ; F.R.C.P., ditto 
Physicians; F.R.C.P.E., 
ditto Physicians, Edin- 
burgh; F.R.C.P.I., ditto 
Physicians of Ireland ; 
F.R.C.S.,ditto Surgeons, 
London ; F.R.C.S.E., 
ditto Surgeons, Edin- 
burgh ; F.R.C.S.I., 
ditto Surgeons of Ireland ; 
F.R.C.S.Ij., ditto Sur- 
geons, London (L. rarely 
added); F.R.C.V.S.L., 
ditto Veterinary Sur- 
geons, London. 

Freacadan Dubh(Gael.), 
the Black Watch (regi- 

F.R.Econ.Soc., Fellow 
of the Royal Economic 

Fred., Frederic, Frederick. 
When it is the full name, 
or a diminutive of famili- 
arity, it takes no point. 

free/ of all average, abbr. 
f.a.a.*; ditto general 
average, f.g.a. ; ditto 
particular average, 
f.p.a. ; — on board, 
f.o.b. * ; — on rail, f.o.r. 

Freemason's Tavern, 
London, W.C, apos. 

fcee/ - thinker*, — 

-thought* (hyphens). 

free will* (two words). 

freeze* {see also frieze). 

frei (Ger.), free ; abbr. fr. 

Freiberg, near Dresden. 

Freiburg, or Fribourg, 

Freiburg/ im Breisgau; 
German abbr. — i. B. 

Freiberr, Ger. title ; abbr. 

" Freischxitz (Der )," 
opera by Weber, 1819. 

freize, erron. for frieze*. 

Fremantle, W. Australia, 
not Free-. 

French (typ.), alphabet as 
Eng. ; acute accent (') 
used only over e, giving 
sound of a in Eng. date ; 
when two e's come to- 
gether, the &rst always has 
acute accent, as nee ; ad- 
jectives of nationality, 
the first personal pronou n, 
months, and days of week, 
have not caps., as anglais, 
je, mars, lundi; cedilla C 
(f) only used before a, o, 
and u ; circumflex ac- 
cent (^) is used over any 
vowel; diaeresis, as in 
Eng.; grave accent (^) 
used over a, e, and « ; the 
digraphs », oe, not to be 



separated; hsrphenneed 
not be used with compound 
adjectives, nouns, verbs, 
or numerals ; abbr. Fr. 

frenchified*, French-like 
(not cap.). 

french polish/*, -er 
(two words, not cap.). 

frenum, use frae- *. 

frenzy*, not ph-. 

freq., frequent, -ly, -ative. 

frhre (Fr. m.), brother, 

fresco/*, pi. -es* (not ital.). 

freshwater*, adjective 
(one word), noun (two 

Fresnel (A. J.),i788-i827, 

F.R.G.S., Fellow of the 
Royal Geographical So- 

F.R.Hist.Soc, Fellow of 
the Royal Historical So- 

Ftbr. (Ger.), Freiherr (a 

F.R.H.S., Fellow of the 
Royal Horticultural So- 

Fri., Friday. 

Friar, abbr. Fr. 

friar* (typ.), a light or im- 
perfectly inked patch in 
printed matter. 

friar's balsam *, not friars' 

F.R.I.B.A., Fellow of the 
Royal Institute of British 

Fribourg, see Freiburg. 

fricandeau/*, braised and 
larded fillet of veal ; pL 
-X* (not ital.). 

fricassee*, a white stew 
(not ital., no accent). 

frictionize*, to rub, not 

Friday, abbr. F., or Fri.; 
(astr.) sign ?. 

Friedrichsnih, Bis- 

marck's residence. 

frier, use fryer *. 

frieze*, cloth, also part 

below cornice, not frei-; 
proH. frez. 

Mpller* (Fr.), fern, -iere, 
dealer in old clothes, not 

Fris., Frisia (Friesland), 

frisette*, curls on fore- 
head, not -tt, friz-. 

Mtl (Fr. cook.), fern, -e, 

frizz*, to roughen, not friz. 

Frl. (Ger.), Fraulein (Miss). 

F.R.Met.Soc, Fellow of 
the Royal Meteorological 
Society; F.R.M.S., ditto 
Microscopical Society. 

fro (no point). 

Froebel (F. W. A.), 1782- 
1852, educationist. 

frolic/*, -ked*, -king*. 

fromage (Fr. m.), cheese. 

Frontignac*, a muscat 
grape or wine (not ital.). 

frontis/piece* (typ.), faces 
title (one word) ; in Fr. m. 

Froude (J. A.), 1818-94, 
historian ; pron. frood. 

"Froufrou,** comedy by 
Meilhac and Halevy. 

frou-frou* (Fr. m.), a rust- 

Frowde (H.), publisher, 
London ; pron. frowd. 

frowzy*, musty, «o^frous-, 
frouz-, frowsy. 

F.R.S., Fellow of the Royal 
Society, in Lat. S.R.S. 
(Societatis Regt'se Sodali's) ; 
frs., francs; F.R.S.A.I., 
Fellow of the Royal 
Society of Antiquaries of 
Ireland; F.R.S.C., ditto 
Royal Society, Canada ; 
F.R.S.E., ditto Edin- 
burgh ; F.R.S.G.S., ditto 
Geog. Society of Scot- 
land ; F.R.S.L., ditto 
of Literature; ditto Royal 
Society, London, usually 
F.R.S. only; F.R.S.S., 
ditto Statistical Society ; 
F.R.S.S.A., ditto Scot- 



tish Societ}^ of Arts ; 
F.R.S.S.S., ditto Statis- 
tical Society of Scotland. 

frumenty*, boiled wheat 
with milk, sugar, etc., not 
the many variations. 

frnst/um* (geometry), not 
-rum ; />/. -a*. 

fryer*, not frier. 

F.S. (Fr.), /aire suivre (to 
be forwarded); P.S.A., 
Fellow of the Society of 
Antiquaries ; F.S.A.I1., 
ditto of London, usually 
ditto of Scotland; F.S.I., 
Fellow of the Sanitary In- 
stitute, Fellow of the Sur- 
veyors' Institution, Free 
Sons of Israel ; F. S. S., 
«om; F.R.S.S. ; F.S.S.I., 
Fellow of the Statistical 
Society of Ireland. 

Ft., fcrt; ft., faint, feet, 
(paper) flat, foot, forti- 
fied ; F.T.C.D., Fellow of 
Trinity College, Dublin. 

ftichsia* (bot.) (not ital.). 

fuc/us* (Lat), a seaweed; 
pi. -1*. 

ftielled*, not -eled. 

fuggy* (Sc), foggy. 

fugleman*, leader in mili- 
tary exercises, not flugel-, 
flugle-, fugal-, fugel-. 

fugue* (mus.) (not ital.). 

Fujiyama, volcano, Japan, 
not the many variations. 

Fulahs, Sudanese, not 
Fellah, Fellani, Feulhs, 
Foulahs, Fulbe (see also 

fulcr/um*, a prop ; pi. -a* 
(not ital.). 

fulgor*, splendour, not 

full-bound*, bound en- 
tirely in leather (hyphen). 

full-faced (typ.), A 

fullness*, «o/ fulness. 

full point* (typ.), the 
full stop or period {see 
punctuation, XXI). 

fulmar*, a petrel. 

fumatory*, a place for 
smoking {see also fumi-), 

fumigator*, not -er. 

fumitory* (bot.), a plant 
{see also fuma-). 

function (math.), abbr. 
F (no point). 

fung/us*, pi. -i* (not ital.). 

funny-bone*, at elbow 

fur., furlong. 

tiir (Gen), for ; abbr. f. 

furbelow, a flounce, not 

furfur/*, dandruff; pi. 
-es* (not ital.). 

furlong, abbr. f., or fur. 

furmenty, use fru-*. 

Furness (Sir C), 1852-. 

Furniss (Harry), 1854-, 

furniture (typ.), the 
material used in making 
margins, etc., for a printed 

furor* (Lat.), rage (ital.). 

furore* (It.), enthusiastic 
admiration (not ital.). 

furry*, fur-like. 

Fxirst von Bismarck, 
Prince Bismarck. 

further*, in addition to. To 
be used only when the 
notion of far, or distance 
in space, is altogether 
absent (see also far- 

fusain*, a special crayon. 

fus/e*, -ee, not fuz-. 

F.U.S.f, (Ger.), Fortsetzung 
und Schluss folgen (to be 
continued and conclud- 

fusible*, «o/-able. 

fusil*, not'zW. 

fusilier*, not -leer. 

fusillade*, «o/-ilade. 

use Fujiyama. 



FUSK — P.Z.S. 

fusk*, dark-brown, «o/ fuse. F.W.A., Factories and 

fut., future. Workshops Act; P. W.B., 

futhorc*, runic alphabet, Free Will Baptists. 

not -ark, -ork. Pyzabad, use Paiaabad. 

futtock* (naut.), not P.Z.A. (Amer.), Fellow of 

foothook, -oak. the Zoological Academy, 

fuz/e, -ee, -il, use fus-*. P.Z.S., Fellow of the 

f.v., folio verso (on the back Zoological Society. 

of the page). 







o. — OALiTznr 


G., Grand, Gulf, (naval) 
gunnery, the seventh 
in a series, all proper 
names with this initial. 

g., guinea, -s, (Fr.) gauche 
(left), gros], -se (big), 
(naut.)j gloomy. 

g* (dyn.), acceleration of 

G-.A., General Assembly. 

Qa., Gallic, Georgia (oflf.). 

Ga (chem.), gallium. 

gabbro^* (geol.)r P^- -s. 

gaberdine*, a loose cloak, 
not gaba-. 

Gaboriau (]6.), 1835-73, 
Fr. writer. 

gaby*, a simpleton, not-ey, 
gabbey, gawby. 

Gadarene swine. 

Gaddi, family of Florentine 
painters, 1259-1396. 

Gadhelio*, of the Scotch 

Gaditanian*, of Cadiz. 

gadolinum, symbol Gd. 

Gadshill, Charles Dick- 
ens's residence, 1860-70 
(one word). 

Gaekwar, not Guico-. 

Gaelic/, abbr. Gael. ; — al- 
phabet, same as English, 
but no/, kf qj v, w, x,y, z. 

gage*, a, or to, pledge {see 
also gauge). 

gage tTamour (Fr. m.), 

galete de ccear (Fr. f.), 
light - heartedness (not 

gaiety*, not gay-. 

Gaikwar, use Gaek.. 

gaillarde (Fr. typ.f.), a size 
of type between eight 
and nine point, or about 

gaillardia* (botany), a 

gaily*, not gayly. 
gainsay* (one word). 
Gairdner (James), 1828-, 

hist. ; — (Sir W. T.), 

1824-, physician ; pron. 

gard'ner {see also Gard-). 
gairfish, use gar-*, 
gairfo'wrl, use gare-*. 
Gair Ijoch, Clyde, use 

Gare — . 
Gal., Galatians. 
gal., gallon, -s. 
gala/*, pi -s (not ital.). 
galantine* (cook.), not 

gall- (not ital.). 
Oalantuomo (II Re), 

King Victor Emmanuel I. 
galanty show*, a shadow 

pantomime, not -tee, 

gallantee, -ty. 
Galatea (Acis and). 
Galatia, Asia Minor. 
Galatz, not-sicz, -atch. 
galavant, use galli-*. 
gale (meteor.), wind mov- 
ing 40-70 miles per hour, 
galSe (Fr. typ. f.), a galley. 
galeeny*, a guinea-fowl, 

not -aney, -ainy, -eny, 

-ina, -iny, -llini. 
galena* (mineral.), not 

galera (Sp. typ.), a galley. 
galhre {qWallait il taire 

dans cette) (Fr.), what 

business had he there ? 
galerie (Fr. f.), gallery. 
Galilean*, of Galilee, or 

of Gahleo. 
Galileo [Galilei], 1564- 

1642, astr. etc. ; in Fr. 

QaliUe, It. OalileL 
galingale*, a sedge, not 

galiot, a vessel, use gall-*, 
galipot*, a resin. 
Galitzin, Russ. family, not 

Gall-, Galy-, Goly-. 




gallaway, see gallo-. 

Galle (Point de), Ceylon. 

gallery, in Fr. f. galerie. 

Galles(Fr. f. sing.), Wales. 

galley/* (typ. \ a flat oblong 
tray for holding composed 
type ; -^ proofs*, those 
supplied in "slips" about 
i8 in. long {see proof). 

Gallic, abbr. Ga. 

gallicize*, to make Gallic 
or French, not -ise. 

galligaskins *, not -in. 

gallimaufry*, a medley. 

Gallio, a typical sceptic. 

galliot*, a vessel, wo^gali-. 

GallipoH, S. Italy, Turkey. 

gallipot *, a small jar. 

gallium*, symbol Ga. 

gallivant*, not gala-, gali-. 

gallon/, -s, abbr. gal. 

galloon*, a dress trimming. 

gallop/*, a horse's move- 
ment ; -ed*, -er*, 
-ing* {see also galop). 

gallopade *, Hungarian 
dance, «o/galop-, gallopp-. 

Gallo vidian*, ofGallo way . 

Galloway, S.W. Scot. 

galloway*, a horse, also 
breed of cattle, not galla-. 

Gallwey (Sir Ralph 
Payne), 1848-, writer 
{see also Galw^ay). 

galoot* (U.S.A.), an awk- 
ward fellow, not gall-, 

galop/*, a dance {see also 

galore*, in abundance (not 

galosh/*, an overshoe, 
not -oche, -oeshoe, -oshe, 
goloshe ; -ed * ; in boot- 
trade golosh. 

galumph*, to galop trium- 

galv., galvanic, -ism. 

Galvani (Luigi), 1737-98, 
discoverer of galvanism. 

galvaniser (Fr. typ.), to 

galvanize*, mo/ -ise. 

Oalvanoplastik (Ger. f.), 

Galway, W. Ireland {see 

also Gallwey). 
Galwegian*, of Galloway. 
Gama (Vasco da), 1467- 

1524, navigator. 
gambler*, a gum, not 

-beer, -bir. 
gambit (chess opening), 

Allgaier, Kieseritzki, 

Muzio, Salvio, Steinitz. 
gamboge*, not -booge. 
gambol/*, -led*, -ling*. 
" Game and Playe of 

Chesse (The),** 1475. 
gamekeeper* (one word), 
gamin*, a street arab (not 

gammon*, a cured ham, 

not gamon. 
gamy*, of game, not -ey. 
Gand, Fr. for Ghent. 
Gandamak, Afghanistan, 

not Gundamuk. 
G. & S.W.R., Glasgow and 

South-Western Railway, 
gangli/on*, pi. -a*, 
gangway* (one word), 
ganister*, a hard stone, 

not gann-. 
Qaasefusschen . (Ger. 

typ. n. pi.), quotation 

marks (cap.) {see also 

gantlet, use gaun-*. 
gantry*, a beer-stand, not 

gaol/, -er, but jslHJ*, -er* 

preferred {see also goal). 
G.A.R., Grand Army of 

the Republic, 
garage (Fr. m.), coach- 
house for motor-car, dock, 

siding (not ital.). 
garamond (Fr. typ.), a 

ten-point type. 
Garay (Jdnos), 1812-53, 

Hungarian poet. 
Gareilasso/ de la Vega, 

1503-36, Sp. poet; — 

"the Inca," 1540-1616. 
Garcke (Emil), 1856-, 




gar^on* (Fr. m.), bachelor, 
boy, waiter (ital.). 

sick-nurse ; (typ. m.), end- 
papers ; — a cheval (m. ), 
mounted guard; — cham- 
pStre, rural policeman,/"/. 
gardes champStres (no 

hyphen) ; chlourme, 

convict warder ; cdte, 

coast-guard, pi. gardes- 
cdtes ; — -fou (m.), a 

Qarde nationale (Fr.), 
national guard (I.e. n). 

** Gardeners* Chronicle 
(The)," abbr. G.Ch. 

gardenia* (bot.) (not 

. ital.). 

Gardens, abbr. Gdns. 

Gardiner (Samuel Ra^w- 
son), 1829-1902, his- 
torian ; — (Stephen), 
1483-1555, Bp. of Win- 
chester {see also Gair-). 

Gardner (E. A.), 1862-, 
archaeologist; — (Percy), 
1846 -, archaeologist ; — 
(Wells), Darton & 
Co., publishers, London 
{see also Gair-). 

gare (Fr.f.), railway station. 

gare-fowl*, the great auk, 
not gair-, gar- (hyphen). 

Gare Iioch, Clyde, not 
Gair — . 

garfish*, not gair-, gare-. 

gargarize*, not -ise. 

gargoyle *, not -lie. 

Garhwal, N.W. India. 

gari, use gharry *. 

garish*, not gair-. 

garlic*, 6«/ garlicky*. 
. Garlies (Lord), 1892-, 
son of Earl of Galloway. 

Garnet (Henry), 1555- 
1606, of the Gunpowder 

garnet*, a stone. 

Garnett (Dr. Richard), 
1835-1906, author, libra- 

garnji (Fr.), /em. -/e, fur- 

garron*, a horse, not -an. 
garrott/e*, to throttle ; 

-er*, not -ote, garotte. 
Garter King-of-Arms*, 

not — — at — (caps., 

gasconade*, boasting, to 

boast, not gasconn-. 
gaselier*, not gasa-, gaso-. 
gasification*, not gase-, 

Gaskell (Mrs.), 1810-65, 

gasogene, use gazo-*. 
gasolene*, Ko^-leine,-line, 

gasometer, use gashold- 
gaspillJS (Fr.), /em. ~ie, 

Gasserian ganglion*, 

not C . 

gasteropod*, a mollusc, 

not -tropod (not ital.). 
Gasteropoda*, the mollusc 

class, not -tropoda (not 

Oastjhaus (Ger. n.), an 

inn ; pi. -hauser (cap.). 
Oastlbof (Ger. m.), an 

hotel ; pi. -bote (cap.). 
gastronome*, a judge of 

good eating (not ital.). 
gitJ6{Fr.),/em. -^e,spoiled. 
gUteau (Fr. m.), a cake. 
gate/-keeper*, — -post* 

gate-way* (one word). 
gather* (typ.), to place the 

printed sheets of a book 

in proper sequence. 
Oattungj (Ger. f.), genus; 

pi. -en (cap.). 
Qaa (Ger. m.), county, or. 

district (cap.). 
gauch/e *, awkward ; 

-erie *, awkwardness 

(not ital.). 
gauche (Fr.), left ; abbr. g. 

gaucho/*, a native of the 

pampas, not gua-; pi. -s. 
gaudeamus*, college- 
students' merry-making. 



Oandichand (C), 1789- 
1864, ix>tanist ; aibbr. 

gauffer, uu goffer*. 

gaug/e*, a measure ; -ing*, 
not guage (^see also gage). 

gAWaXlBtl*, a long glove^ 
ffo/gant-; -te<L 

gauntr/ee, -y, use 

gaur*, Indian ox, tiot gore, 
gonr (not ital.). 

OtLuaa (J. K. P.), 1777- 
1855, mathematidan, 

Oautonuk Buddha^ fbnn- 
der of Buddhism. 

gauzy*, not -ey. 

g^vel*! a president's mallet. 

gavotte*, a dance or music, 
not -otf -ott. 

gawl^, ttse gaby *. 

gayfity, -ly, ks^ gaiety*, 

Gay-Lussac (It J.)> 
1 7 78-1850, ch emi s t 

gaz., gazette, -er. 

gazel, «5tf ghazal*. 

gazelle *, antelope, m?/ -el. 

gazett/e*, -eer *, abbr. gaz. 

gazogene*, aerated-water 
^^Mratns, mo^ -en, £;aso- 
gene (not itaL). 

G.B^ Great Britain ; O. B. 
A IL, Great Britain and 
Ireland ; gbr, (German), 
gdf r audi H ek (osnal). 

O. C, Gentleman Cadet, 
Grand Chancellor, — 
Chapter, — Conductor; 
O.C.B., Knight Grand 
Cro» of the Bath ; g.cX 
(math.), greatest common 
Hactor; a.C.H., Knight 
Grand Cross of Hanover ; 
G-.Ch., "The Gardeners* 
Chronicle"; G.CUB., 
Knight Grand Com- 
' mander of the Indian Em- 
pire; G.C.IiJB., Grand 
Cross of the Legion of 
Himoor; g.CJn.(math.), 
greatest common meas- 
ure ; G.C.M.G., Knight 
Grand Cross of St. Michael 

and St George; O.CILy 

Great Central Railway ; 

a.C.S.I., Knight Grand 

Commander of the Star 

of India; a.C.V.O., 

Knight Grand Crossof the 

Rojral Victorian Order. 
G.I>., Grand dudiess, 

— duchy, — duke ; Qd 

(chem.), gadolinum ; 

Gdns., Gardens. 
Oe (ebon.), germaniam ; 

g.e. (binding), gilt edges. 
Qeb. (Ger.), Gtbriider 

geb» (Ger.),^iB6ofw«(bom), 

gebunden (bound). 
Gebirge (Ger. n.), moan- 
tain dudn (cap.). 
Qebruder(Gtr.\ Brothers; 

abbr. Qeb. (cap,;, 
gecko/ *, a house-lizard ; 

pi. -s. 
Qedankenstricb (Ger. m. 

typ.), pause, dash, em 

rule (cap.). 
gee/-ho*, ^up*, call to 

horses, not }e~. 
Gebeimrat {Ger. m.), privy 

councillor, MO/ -ath ; abbr. 

Oeb, (cap.). 
Qeibel fB. von), 1815-84, 

German poet. 
Geikie (Sir A.), 1835-, 

geologist; ffTon. gSltfi. 
QeisenlLeiiner, a white 

Rhine wine. 
gCisbM*^ Jap. dancing-girl; 

pL same, pron. ga'- 

Oeissler (H.), 1814-79, 

inventor of vacuum tube 

named after him {see also 

gekroDter Dicbter{Ger.\ 

Poet Laureate (one cap.). 
gelatine *, not -in. 
gelatinize*, not -ise. 
Geld ((ier. n.), money 

Gelderlajid, use Gue-. 

gelder ro&e, use gue *. 

gelSe (Fr. t\ frost, jelly. 
Gelert, of Welsh legend. 


gelinotte*, hazel-hen, not 

Gellert (C. P.), 1715-69, 

German poet, 
gelsemium/* (bot.), not 

-inum ; pi. -8. 

gem [^YP.}, type, .ighteea »nd »^f 
lines to the incu m this. 

gemel*, finger- ring, hinge, 

etc., not gemew, gimbal, 

gimmal, gimmer. 
Gemini * (astr. ) , Castor and 

Pollux, symbol n (not 

getninja*, a bud ; pi. -a?*. 
gemsbok*, S. African 

antelope, «o^-buck. 
Gen., General, Genesis, 

^en., gender, genera, 

general, -ly, generic, 

genitive, genus, 
gendarme/* (Fr. m.), pi. 

gendarmery*, in Fr. f. 

gendarmerie*, body of 

soldiers used as police. 
gender, abbr. gen. 
ginle (Fr. f.), constraint; 

-e, /em. -^e, constrained, 
genealogize*, to trace 

descent, not -ise. 
gSnSpi (Fr. m.), « Swiss " 

genera, see genus. 
General, abbr. Gen. 
General Assembly (Sc. 

Ch.), abbr. G.A. 
general election (not 

generalla*f general prin- 
Generalissimo* f supreme 

generalize*, mo/ -ise. 
generator*, not -er. 
Genes, Fr. for Genoa. 
Genesis, abbr. Gen. 
genes/is, pi. -es. 
genet*, one of the cats 

{see «/5o jennet). 
Genevan*, of Geneva, not 

Gendve, Fr. for Geneva. 

Gene/vese*, 5. and pi., of 
Geneva; in Fr. -volsl, 
/. -e. 

Genevidve (Sainte), 
patron of Paris ; pron, 

Genf, Ger. for Geneva. 

genit, 5^* genet, jennet. 

genitive, abbr. gen., or 

gen/ius*,/*/. -ii*, -iuses*. 

genius loci* (Lat.), the 
pervading spirit of a 

Gennesaret (Sea of). 

gennett, see genet, jen- 

Genoese*, of Genoa, not 

genre* (art), a painting of 
the ordinary scenes of life 
(not ital.). 

gens*, a clan ; pi. gentes*, 

gens de la mime famllle 
(Fr. m.), birds of a feather. 

Qens de Lettres {SocI6t6 
des), Fr. soc. of authors. 

Gensfleisch, see Guten- 

gent., gentleman, -men. 

Gentele's green, a colour. 

gentlll (Fr.), /em. -/e, 
gentle ; pron. zhahn'tee. 

Gentile (cap.). 

gentllhomme (Fr. m.), 
gentleman ; pi. gentlls- 

gentilize*, not -ise. 

gentleman/ - at - arms* ; 
— -at -large*; — of 
the Chapel Royal, a lay 
singer there (no hyphen). 

gentleman's card (typ.), 
or " thirds," 3V16 XI Vain. 

Gentlemen, for printed 
letters, to be indented 
one em (cap., comma, no 
dash ; s.caps. for circu- 
lars) ; abbr. Gent. 

genuflexion*, «o/-ction. 

genus*, pi. genera*, abbr. 
gen. (see also botany, 
zoology, etc). 

Geo., George. 



geod., geodesy. 
GeojBEcoy Saint-Hilaire 

(]6.)> 1772-1844, zoologist 
(one hyphen only). 
geog., geographer, -ical, -y. 
geogeny*, study of the 
earth formation, not -ony. 
Geoghegaji, pron. gay'gan. 
geographic/ abbrevia- 
tions, usually consist of 
first syllable, as Eng. Eng- 
land, but it is better itot 
to abbreviate names of 
cities, places, towns ; — 
qualifiers, used before 
nouns, as common every- 
day terms, do not need 
caps., as Chinese blue, 
indian ink, roman type, 
gaol., geological, -ist, -y. 
geologize*, not -ise. 
geology, names of forma- 
tions to have caps., as Old 
Red Sandstone {see also 
botany, capitaliza- 
tion, italic, zoology), 
geom., geometer, -trical, 

geometry, see matnenia- 

Qeorg, Ger. for George. 
Georgia, U.S.A., off. abbr. 

Georgium sidus * (astr.), 

old name for Uranus. 
G.E.R., Great Eastern 

Ger., German, Germany, 
ger., gerund, 
geranium/* (bot.), pi. -s 

(not ital.). 
gSraat (Fr. m.), editor, 

Gerard (John), 1545- 
1612, botanist, not -arde. 
gerfalcon*, not gyr-, jer-. 
Gering (Ulric), d. 1570, 

first printer in Paris, 
ger kin, use ghe-*. 
Grerman, abbr. Ger.; (typ.) 
same letters as English. 
There are elaborate rules 
for capitalization, division 
of words, compounding. 

etc. The following must 
here suflBce. The German 
character is ^' Fraktur,'^ 
the roman '^Antiqua.^^ 
Fraktur has no small caps, 
or italics : emphasis being 
given b}' interspacing each 
letter. Ae, Oe^ Ue, 
except in some proper 
names, are now always 
rendered A, 0, U. The 
ligatures £B, a, are not gen- 
erally used, t is now used 
for th in all but proper 
names and foreign words, 
as Tal, not Thai. Rat, not 
Rath. The plural of many 
words is formed by chang- 
inga, o, M, to a, 6, Vater 
(father), Vdter (fathers). 
Division of words is by 
sound, but prefixed nouns, 
prepositions, etc., remain 
intact, SLsErbJrechtjhinlaus, 
entjerben ; also sufiixes be- 
ginning w^ith a consonant, 
as -cheti, -keit, -lein, -ling, 



So also the personal pro- 
nouns of the second per- 
son, Ihnen, Ihr, Sie (to 
you, your, you), and 
adjectives from names 
of places and persons, as 
Leipziger Messe, Kantische 
Philosophic ; but adjec- 
tives of countries I.e., as 
russische Sprache, deutsche 
Industrie. The quotation 
marks are two straight 
commas before and two 
turned ditto at end, „ and 
", or as in French. 

german* to, relevant ; — 
(cousin-), not -ane, -ain. 

German Emperor, not 
Emperor of Germany. 

germanium*, symbol Ge. 

germanize*, not -ise. 

German text, a sf J?fc 
of ft>pc as fBis. 



germantown* (U.S.A.), 

a wagon. 
Germany, abbr, Ger. 
germon* (ichth.), the long- 
finned tunny. 
Gerome (J. L.), 1824- 

1904, Fr. painter, 
gerrymander*, to mani- 
pulate unfairly, «o/ je- ; 

pron. g as in go. 
Gerstacker (F.), 1816-72, 

Ger. writer. 
Qes. (Ger.), Gesellschaft (a 

company or society) 

Qescbichte (Ger. f.), his- 

tory ; abbr. Gescb. (cap.). 
Qescblecht (Ger. n.), 
. species, sex (cap.). 
Qesellscbaft (Ger. f.), a 

company or society (cap.); 

abbr. Qes. 
gespaltener Satz (Ger. 

typ.), matter set in 

* * Qesta Romanoram ** 

(Lat), medieval collection 

of anecdotes, 
gesticulator*, not -er. 
gesiorben (Ger.), de- 
ceased ; abbr. gest*, sign 

get-at-able* (hyphens). 
gettable*, not geta-, getti-. 
Gettysburg (battle of), 

Pennsylvania, 1863. 
Geulincx (Arnold), 1625- 

69, philosopher ;/)/'o«. ge'- 

Qevierte (Ger. typ. n.), em 

quadrat (cap.); balbes — , 

en quadrat. 
Gewandbaus, concert - 

hall, Leipzig, 
gewgaw* (one word). 
geyser *, hot spring, not -ir ; 

pron. gy'sr (not ital.). 
G.F.S., Girls' Friendly So- 
G.G., Grenadier Guards,, a great gross, or 144 

gbany*f a vehicle in 

India, usually gari. 

gbaut* (Aug.-Ind.), moun- 
tain pass, not ghat, ghat, 

gbawazee (Arab.), dancer, 
not -zi, gaziyah ; pi. same. 

ghazal *, poetic metre, 
not gazel, ghazel, -sel, 

Gheel, Belgium, insane 

Ghent, Belg.,in Fr. Gand, 
Fl. and Ger. Gent. 

gherkin*, a small cucum- 
ber, not ge-, gi-, gu-. 

Ghetto/*, Jewish quarter; 
pi. -es (not ital.). 

ghiaour, use gi-*. 

Ghibelline*, not -in,' 
Gibeline, Guibeline. 

Ghiberti (Ii.), 1378-1455, 

ghillie, «5^gi-* 

Ghirlandajo (D. C), 
1449-94, It. painter. 

Ghizeh, use Gizeh. 

Ghoorkas, use Gurkhas. 

ghoul*, an evil spirit, not 
-ool,-oule,-owl; pron.gool. 

giallo antico* (It.), a rich- 
yellow marble. 

Giant's Causeway, An- 
trim, not -ts'. 

giaour*, a Turk, term of re- 
proach, wo^ghiaour, giaur ; 
pron. jowr. 

Gib., Gibraltar. 

gibber*, to chatter, noty. 

gibbet/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

Gibbins (H. de B.), 
1865-, economist. 

Gibbon (C), 1840-90, 
writer ; — (Edward), 
i737-94> historian. 

Gibbons (Grinling), 
1 648- 1 7 20, carver. 

gib/e*, to sneer ; -er*, -ing* 
(see also gybe, jib). 

Gibeline, use Ghibel- 

gibelotte (Fr. f.), rabbit 

Giberne (Agnes), writer. 

gibler* (Fr. m.), game, 



giblet*, not}!'. 

gibus*, opera hat (notital.). 

Qiesler, a brand of cham- 
pagne {see also Geissler). 

Giessen University, 

Giesserei (Ger. typ. f.), 
foundry (cap.). 

GifFen (Sir R.)» 1837-, 
statistician ; pron. g as 
in go. 

gigot* (Fr. cook, m.), leg of 
mutton, not gigot de mou' 
ton ; (dress.) leg-of-mutton 
sleeve ; not j-. 

"GH Bias," by Le Sage, 

. 1715- 

gild, use guild*. 

GilfiUan (G.), 1813-78, 

gill (typ.), to put a gloss 

on paper by hot-rolling; 

pron. g as in go. 
Gill (Jack and)*, mo/ Jill, 
gillaroo*, rainbow trout ; 

pron. g as in go (not ital.). 
Gillett (William), 1839-, 

a founder of Bachelors' 

Club, London. 
Gillette (WiUiam), 

1857-, actor, writer, 
gillie* (Scot.), a man ser- 
vant, not ghillie, gilly. 
Gillott (Joseph), 1799- 

1873, pen-maker ; pron. j-. 
Gillray (James), 1757- 

1815, caricaturist; pron. 

g as in go. 
gillyflower*, no/ jilli- (not 

gilt, abbr. gt. 
gimcrack*, not}-. 
gimlet*, a tool, not gimb-. 
gimp*, a trimming, a fish- 
ing line, not gui-, gy-. 
ginger-beer* (hyphen). 
ginglymoid*, hinge-like, 

not gingli- (not ital.). 
ginn, use 2-*. 
Ginn & Co., publishers, 

London ; Boston, U.S.A. 
gfinnle*(Scot.),to tickle the 

gills of a fish, not ginle, 


Ginsburg (C. D.), 1831-, 

Biblical writer. 
Giorgione, 1477 -1511, 

Venetian painter; pron. 

Giottesque*, of or like 

Giotto (not ital.). 
Gippsland (Bishop of), 
gipsy*, not -sey, gypsey, 

"Gipsy Tents (In),** by 

F. H. Groome, not -sey. 
girandole*, a firework 

(not ital.). 
girasol*, a fire-opal, «o/ -ole. 
girkin, use ghe-*. 
Gironde, dep. S.W. Fr. 
girouette* (Fr. f.), a 

gitaajo* (Sp.), /em. -a, a 

gite*, a stopping-place; in 

Fr. m. gtte, 
gitter* (optics), a difirac- 

tion grating. 
Giulia, It. for Julia. 
giuoco piano, a chess 

Giuseppe, It. for Joseph, 
giveable*, not giva-. 
gives, use gy- *. 
Gizeh, Egypt, «o/Ghizeh. 
G.Ii.( Freemasonry), Grand 

Gl* (chem.), glucinum. 
glace (Fr. cook, f.), ice. 
glac6* (Fr.), glazed, 
glacialized *, not -sed. 
glacier* (not ital.). 
glacihre (Fr. f.), an ice- 
gladiol/us* (bet.), pi. -i*. 
Gladstonian*, not -ean. 
glaive*, a weapon, not 

Glam, Glamorganshire (no 

Glamis, pron. glabra s. 
glam/our*, 6M/-orous*. 
glary*, dazzling, not -ey. 
glaserian fissure* (anat), 

not glass-. 
Glasgua (Lat.), Glasgow. 
Glasnevin, Dublin. 



Glasse (Mrs. Hannah), 

wrote ''The Art of 

Cookery" in 1747, not 

glassful, pi. glassfuls. 
Glaswegian, of Glasgow. 
Glauber (J. R.), 1604-68, 

Glauber's salt* (apos.). 
glaucous* (bot.), covered 

with bloom. 
glaucus*, a gull, a mollusc, 
glave, a weapon, use 

glazer*, a polisher, 
glazier*, a window-glass 

Glenalmond, Perth. 
Glencoe, Argyl. 
Glendower (Owen), not 

Glenealy, Wicklow. 
Gleneely, Londonderry, 
glengarry*, a Scotch cap. 
Glenlivet*, a whisky, not 

-at, -it (one word). 
Glentilt, Perth (one word), 
glissade* (not ital.). 
glob/e*, -y*, not -ey. 
globigerin/a*, a foramini- 

fer ; pi. -ae* (ital.). 
glockenspiel, a set of mus. 

bells or bars. 
aioriaj* (liturgy), pi. -s*, 

abbr. gl, ; **— la ex- 

celsis/* " — PatrU** 

hymns ; — Tihi, glory be 

to Thee (cap. T). 
Glos, Gloucester, -shire (no 

glose over (to), use -ze*. 
gloss*, a note, not -oze. 
gloss., glossary. 
Gloucester, abbr. Glos. 
gloU'morceau*j a pear, 

not glout . 

glower*, to gaze angrily, 

not glour. 
glow-worm* (hyphen), 
gloxinia/*, pi. -s (not ital.). 
gloze, a note, use gloss*, 
gloze over* (to), not 

glucinum* (chem.), sym- 

bol Gl*, called also beryl- 
lium*, symbol Be*. 
Gluck (C. W. R. von), 

1714-87, composer, not 

QIack (Ger. n.), luck. 
Qliickwunsch (Ger. m.), 

glu/e*, -ey*, -ing*. 
glut/en *, not -in, -ine, but 

-inize*, -inous. 
glycerine*, not -in. 
Glyndwr (Owen), use 

G.M. *, Grand Master ; 

G.M.B.* (metal.). Good 

Merchantable Brand. 
Gmelin (L.), 1788-1853, 

G.M.I.E., Grand Master 

of the Indian Empire. 
G.M.K.P., Grand Master 

of the Knights of St. 

Patrick ; G.M.M.G., 

ditto (of the Order of) 

St. Michael and St. 

George ; G.M.S.I., ditto 

Star of India ; G.M.T., 

Greenwich Mean Time, 
gnar*, to snarl, not gnarl, 

gnarr, knar, 
gneiss* (geol.), ^ro«, nice 

(not ital.). 
gnom/e*,)^w. -ide*. 
gnosiology*, philosophy 

of cognition, not -eology. 
gnos/is*, pi. -es. Gnostic 

G.N.R., Great Northern 

gnu/*, antelope ; pi. -s. 
G.O., general order, grand 

goal*, the objective at 

games {see also gaol). 
goatherd (one word). 
goatskin* (one word). 
goatsucker*, a bird (one 

goaty*, goat-like, 
gobang*, a game (one 

Gobbo (Launcelot), in 

" Merchant of Venice." 



Gobelin tapestry*, not 

-ins — . 
gobe-moucbes (Fr. m. s. 

and pi.), a credulous 

Goblet d'AlvleUa (E. 

count), 1 846-, Belgian 

goby*, a fish (not ital.). 
godchild (one word), 
godfather* (one word). 
God-fearing* (hyphen, 

cap. G). 
Godhead* (one word, 

Godlee (Bickman J.), 

1848-, surgeon, 
Godley (Sir Arthur, now 

Baron Godley), 1847-. 
god/mother*, -parent 

(one word). 
God*s acre*, a burial- 
ground (apos., one cap.), 
god/send*, -son* (one 

God-speed* (cap., hy- 
Godwin (Mary Woll- 

stonecraft), 1759-97, 

writer (see also Good-). 
god"wit*, a marsh bird. 
Goethe (J. W. von), 

1 749-1 832, writer, etc., 

not Gae-, GO-, Gee-; pron. 

gofer*, a thin batter- 
goffer*, to flute, «o/gau-. 
goi (Heb.), a Gentile; pi. 

goitre*, a neck swelling, 

not goi- ; pron. goy'tr. 
goldfield (one word). 
Goliath*, giant, «o/ -iah. 
Gollancz (Israel), 1864-, 

golosh, boot-trade spelling 

of galosh*. 
Goluchowski (count), 

Chancellor of Austria. 
gombeen-man* (In), a 

gombroon*, Pers. pottery, 

not gomroon. 

Gomorr/ah (O. Test.) ; -ha 

(N. Test.), 
gondola/*,//, -s (not ital.). 
Gonds, Indian tribe, not 

Gongora y Argote, 1561- 

1627, Sp. poet, 
good-bye* (hyphen). 
good/ day*, — evening*, 

— morning*, salutations 

(two words, no hyphen). 
Good Friday* (caps.). 
good night*, a salutation 

(two words, no hyphen). 
Good/ Samaritan, — 

Templar* (caps.). 
goodwill*, of a business, 

etc. (one word). 
Goodwin (Harvey), 

1818-91, Bp. of Carlisle, 

writer (see also God-). 
Goodwin Sands, North 

Sea, not God-, 
gool, use ghoul *. 
goonhilly*, Cornish pony. 
Goorkhas, use Gur-. 
goosey*, dim. of goose, 

not -sie, -sy. 
Gordian knot* (the). 
Gorgonzola, a cheese. 
Gorky (Maxime), 1868-, 

pen-name of A. M. Piesh- 

kov, Russ. writer, 
gormand, use gour- *. 
gormandize *, not gour-. 
Gorres (J. J. von), 1776- 

1848, Ger. writer. 
gorse*, furze, but goray*. 
Gortschakoff, Russian 

family, not -tchakoflF, Gor- 

Goschen (Viscount), 

Goschen (G. J.), 1752- 

1828, German publisher, 

grandfather of above. 
Goshen, a land of plenty. 
Gospodin (Russ.), Lord, 

MT.;/etn. Qospozba, 
Goss (Sir John), 1800- 

80, composer. 
Gosse (Edmund), 1849-, 

writer ; — (P. H.), 1810- 

88, naturalist. 



gossip/*, -ed, -er*, -ing*, 

gossoon* (Ang.-Ir.), a 

Gotham (wise men of)*. 

Gothic*, architecture, etc. 
(cap.) ; abbr. Goth, 

gothic (typ. ), a sturdy type 
without serif or hair-line. 

gothicize *, to render 
medieval, not -ise. 

** Gotterdammerung** 
(Twilight of the Gods), 
by Wagner. 

Gottingen University, 
province of Hanover. 

Qottselbeiutts {der) 

(Ger.), the devUI {lit God 
be with us). 

gouache*, a method of 
water-colour painting ; 
pron. guash. 

Gouda, a cheese. 

gouge*, a concave chisel. 

goujon (Fr. m.), gudgeon 

gouk, use gowk*. 

goulard water*, a lotion. 

Gould, family name, />ro«. 
goold {see also Baring- 

goule, use ghoul*. 

gour, Ind. ox, use gauT*. 

gourmand*, a glutton, 
but gormandize* (not 

gourmet*, an epicure (not 

gout* (Fr. m.), taste. 

Goiitte d*or, a white Bur- 
gundy wine. 

gouvernjeur (Fr.), gov- 
ernor ; /em. -ante *. 

gov., governor, -ment. 

Government, meaning 
the State (cap.). 

Government contracts 
(typ.), copy to be strictly 
followed, and charged at 
schedule prices, in which 
reading is not allowed 

Governor - General, 
abbr. Gov.-Gen. 

Gower, pron. gor. 

gowk*, a fool, not gouk. 

gowl, use ghoul*. 

Goya y Lucientes (F.), 
1 746-1828, Sp. painter. 

G.P., general paralysis, — 
practitioner. Graduate in 
Pharmacy, ^^ Gloria PatrV^ 
(glory be to the Father) ; 
g.P- (typ.) J great primer ; 
G.P.M. (Freemasonry), 
Grand Past Master ; 
G.P.O., General Post 
Office ; G.P.R., Genio 
Populi Romani (to the 
genius of the Roman 

G.R., GeorgiuSy or Guliel- 
tnus, Rex (King George, 
or William) ; Grand Re- 
corder ; Gr., Grand, 
(hot.) Asa Gray, (entom.) 
J. L. K. Gravenhorst, 
Greece, Grecian, Greek; 
gr., grain, -s. 

Graal, use Grail*. 

grace-note* (mus.), an 
appoggiatura (hyphen). 

gradatim* (Lat.), step by 

Grsec/ism*, a Greek char- 
acteristic; -ize*, -ophil*, 
not Gre-. 

Graetz (H.), 1817-91, 
hist, {cee also Gratz). 

Qraf* (Ger.), a count; /em. 
Qrafin (cap.). 

graffitjO* (It.), writing on 
a wall, etc. ; pi. -/*. 

Grahamize, to open post 
letters in transit (cap.). 

Graian Alps, Savoy. 

Grail* (the Holy), not 
Graal, Graile. 

grain, apothecaries', avoir- 
dupois, or troy weight, 
all the same, being '0648 
gramme ; abbr. gr. 

gralloch* (noun and 
verb\ not -ock (not 

gram, use gramme*. 

gram., grammar, -ian, 

145 10 


graminivorous*, feeding 

on grass, not gramen-. 
gramm/ar *, -arian, 

-atical, abbr. gram, 
grammaticize*, wo^-ise.*, i5"432 grains, 

official Board of Trade 

spelling, not gram; abbr. 

grm. (not ital.). 
grammetre*, a unit of 

work (not ital.). 

Grammiont, E. Flanders. 

Gramont (P. comte de), 

• 1621-1707, not Gramm-. 

gramophone*, «of grama-, 

gram mo-. 
granadilla*, one of the 

passion-flowers, «o/gren- 

(not ital.). 
Gran Chaco (El), S. 

Grand, abbr. G. 
grandam*, grandmother, 

old woman, not -dame. 
grand/child*, -daughter 

(one word). 
Grand/ duchess *, — 

duchy*, — duke* (cap. 

G only), abbr. G.D. 
grandes capitales (Fr. 

typ. f.), capitals. 
grandej tenue, or — toi- 
lette (Fr.), full dress. 
grandeur natureile (Fr. 

f.), life-size. 
grandfather* (one word). 
grand jury (not caps.). 
Grand (Sarah), writer. 
Grand Master (caps.), 

abbr. G.M. 
grandl*mdre (Fr.f.), grand- 
mother ; pi. -.* meres, 
grand* messe (Fr. f.), high 

Grand Monarque (/e), 

Louis XIV. 
grand monde (/e) (Fr.), 

the Court and nobility. 
grandmother* (one 

grand/ - nephew*, — 

-niece * (hyphens). 
grand papier (Fr. m.), 

large paper. 

grandparent* (one word). 
grand-pbre (Fr. m.), grand- 
father ;/)/. grands-pkres. 
grand} signior*, one of 

high rank ;caps. the Sultan 
of Turkey ; in Fr. — sei- 
gneur; It. gran signo- 
re; Sp. gran sen or, 

grandson* (one word), 
abbr. g.s. 

Grangerize*, to add illus- 
trations to a book, not 
-ise (cap.). 

grannom*, angler's fly, 
not granam. 

"Granta/* a Cambridge 

Grant Duff (Sir M. E.), 
1829-1906 (no hyphen). 

granter*, one who grants. 

Granton, Firth of Forth. 

grantor* (law), one who 
makes a grant. 

Grantown, Elgin. 

graphology*, not graph- 

grapy*, of grapes, not 

gras (Fr.), /em. grasse, fat 
{see also gros). 

grass/* (typ.), casual work ; 
— hand*, one casually 

Grasse, France, dep. Alpes- 

gratia Dei (Lat.), by the 
grace of God. 

gratin* (Fr. cook, m.), a 
dish prepared with bread- 

gratis* (not ital.). 

Grattan (Henry), 1746- 
1820, politician. 

Gratz, capital of Styria, use 
Graz {see also Graetz). 

Gratz, Prussia. 

graupel*, soft hail. 

grauAvacke, use grey- *. 

gravam/en*, pi. -ina*. 

grave accent ('). 

gravelled*, «o/-eled. 

Graves, a Bordeaux wine. 

graves, use grea-*. 

gravestone* (one word). 


graveur (Fr. m.), en- 

graveyard* (one word). 

Gravis (Ger. m.), grave 
accent (cap.). 

gravure (Fr. f.), engrav- 

gray, use grey*. 

Gray (Annabel), 1853-, 
writer ; — (Asa), 18 10- 
88, bot., abbr. Gr. ; — 
(Maxwell), pen-name of 
M. G. Tuttiett, writer ; — 
(Thomas), 17 16-71, poet 
(see also Grey). 

grayling*, a fish, tiot 

Gray's Inn, London. 

'Graz, capital of Styria, not 

grazier*, not -zer. 

grS k grS (<fe) (Fr.), by 
private contract. 

greasy*, not -ey. 

Great Britain, abbr. G.B. 

great gross*, 144 dozen; 

Greathead (Bertie), 
1 759-1826, dramatist; — 
(Henry), 1757-1816, in- 
ventor of lifeboat. 

Greathed (W. W. H.), 
1826-78, Major-General. 

Great Powers (the) 

great primer (typ.), 

an eighteen- 
point type, as 


IS, four lines and 

a quarter to the inch; 

pron. — prim'er, abbr. 

g.p. In Fr. m. gros 

romain, Ger. Tertia. 
greaves*, tallow refuse, 

not gra-. 
Grecian*, of Greece ; abbr. 

Grec/ism, -ize, -ophil, 

use GraB-*. 
Greco, a chess opening. 


gredalin, use gride- ♦. 

Greece, abbr. Gr. 

Greek (typ.), classical and 
modern printed the same ; 
alphabet, 17 consonants, 
7 vowels, 2 breathings, 
3 accents (acute, grave, 
and circumflex), i apos- 
trophe, I diaeresis; note 
of interrogation same as 
English semicolon ; the 
colon or semicolon same 
as turned point (•) ; comma, 
exclamation point, and 
period, as in English. 
There are many detailed 
rules for composing, but 
the following must here 
suflBce : grave accent only 
on last syllable ; diph- 
thongs, accents, or breath- 
ings on second vowel ; all 
vowels or diphthon gs com- 
mencing a word have 
either asper (') or lenis (') 
breathings ; the sigma (a) 
when final is always s ; 
in dividing words ending 
in KTos, the k is turned 
over ; space after elision. 
Abbr. Gr. 

Greek calends^ never. 

Greeley (Horace), 1811- 
72, Amer. journalist and 

Greely (A. W.), 1844-, 
Arctic explorer. 

Green (John Richard), 
1837-83, historian (see also 
Greene, Grein). 

greenback*, U.S.A. bank- 

Greene (Sir Conyng- 
ham), 1 854-, diplo- 
matist; — (Plunket), 
1 865-, singer ; — 

(Robert), 1560-92, dra- 
matist (see also Green, 

greengage*, a plum (one 

green laver*, edible sea- 
weed (two words). 

green-room* (hyphen). 


Green-sand* (geol.), 
(cap., hyphen). 

gregaJe*, the Mediter- 
ranean N.E. wind, not 
-cale, grigale. 

Gregory's Day (St.), 
12 March. 

Greiffenhagen (Maur- 
ice), painter. 

Greifswald, German 


Grein (J. T.), dramatic 
critic (see also Green/, -e). 

grenadine *, a fabric, 
(cook.) a fancy dish. 

gresj (Fr. m.), stoneware; 

— de FlandrCy Rhine 

Gr6try (A. E. M.), 1741- 

1813, composer. 
Grevy (F. P. J.), 1807-91, 

Fr. President, 1879-87. 
grey*, not gray. 
Grey/ (Earl), 1851- ; 

— (Earl de), 1852- ; 

— (Lady Jane), 1537-54; 
—(Sir Edward), 1862-, 
politician ; — de Ruthyn 
(Baron), 1858- ; — 
de Wilton (Viscount), 
1896- {see also Gray). 

grey-hen*, fem. of black- 
cock (hyphen). 

greyhound* (one word). 

greyUng, use gra-*. 

greywacke* (geol.), not 
grau- (not ital.). 

Griboyddoff (A. S.), 
1793-1829, Russ. poet. 

gridelin*, pale purple, not 
gredalin, -e, gridalin. 

Grieg (Edvard,wo/Edw-), 
1843-, composer. 

grif&n*, a fabulous animal, 
not -on, gryphon. 

Griffith (R. T. H.), 
1826-, Orientalist. 

Griffiths (Major Ar- 
thur), 1 838-, writer. 

grigale, use gre- *. 

grill*, to broil. 

grillatalpa, use gryllo-*. 

grille*, grating (not ital,). 

grille (Fr. cook.), broiled. 

Grillparzer (Pranz), 
" 1791-1872, Aus. dram. 
grunalMn*, a cat. 
Grimm (Jakob), 1785- 

1863; — (Wilhelm), 

Grimm's law, philology, 
grimy*, begrimed, not-ey. 
Grindelwald, Switz., not 

grippe (la), Fr. for in- 
fluenza, also the grip*, 

not the grippe. 
Griqualand, S. Africa, 
grisaille*, a method of 

decorative painting (not 

Griselda, a model of 

patience, not -ilda. 
grisette * (Fr. f. ), a working 

Gris-nez (Cape), Pas-de- 
Calais (hyphen). 
Grizel*, a proverbial meek 

grizzly bear *, not gris — . 
grm., gramme, -s, 
gro., gross, 
grogram*, silk fabric (not 

groin* (arch., med.) {see 

also groyne). 
Grolier (Jean), 1479- 

1565, Fr. bibliophile. 
grosi (Fr.), /em. -se, big, 

abbr. g. ; une grosse 

femme, a stout woman ; 

une femme grosse, a 

pregnant woman {see also 

grosbeak*, the hawfinch. 
gros bleu (Fr. m.), ^ark 

Groschen* (m.), old Ger. 

coin, about a penny ; pi. 

gros del Naples *,or 

Tours, heavy silk fabric. 
grosellle (Fr. f.), currant, 

gross, is 5. and pi. ; abbr. 

Grosseteste (Robert), 

1 175-1253, Bp. of Lincoln. 



grotesque* (typ.)j a 
square-cut letter with- 
out serifs, as this. 

grotesquerie*, not -ery 
(not ital.). 

grotto/*,/*/. -S*. 

grouna-rent* (hyphen). 

grovel/*, -led*, -ler*, 
-ling*, not -eler, -eling. 

groyn/e*, a breakwater; 
-ing* {see also groin). 

"Grtn. (hot.), J. Gartner. 

Grubb (Sir Howard), 
1 844-, optician. 

Gruij Street, London, 
now Milton Street. 

gruesome *, not grew-. 

Grufiydd (Thomas), 

' 1815-87, harpist. 

grummet* (naut.), a rope 
ring, not gro-. 

Grundtvig (W. P. S.), 
1783-1872, Danish poet ; 
- (S. H.), 1824-83, 

Grundy (Mrs.)*, personi- 
fication of social opinion. 

Grunth, the Sikh scrip- 

Gruydre* (Fr. m.), a 

gryllotalpa*, a mole 
cricket, not grilla- (not 

gryphon, use griflRn ♦ 

Gryptinus (Sebastian), 
1493-^556, printer. 

G.S., General Secretary, 
Grand Scribe, — Secre- 
tary, — Sentinel, — Sentry. 

g.S., grandson. 

G.S.& W.E,., Great South- 
ern and Western Railway 

<GseU-Pels (Theodor), 
1819-, topog. 

g.t. (binding), gilt top. 

gt., gilt, great, gutta. 

guacho, use gaucho. 

Guadeloupe, W. Indies. 

guage, see gau-. 

guaiacum* (bot.). 

Guaira (La), Venezuela, 
not Guayra. 

Guam, Ladrone Islands, 
not Guaham. 

guana*, a lizard (not ital.). 

guano* (not ital.). 

guarant/ee*, a warrant, or 
to make sure; -or*,Mo/-er; 
-y*, a basis of security. 

guards (binding), strips of 
paper, etc., inserted in 
the backs of books for 
plates, or additional leaves , 
to be pasted on {see also 
Foot- guards). 

guardship* (one word). 

Guamieri, violin makers, 
not -neri. 

Guatemala, Cent. Amer. 

Guayaquil, Ecuador. 

Guayra, use La Guaira. 

guazxo* (It.), a method of 
water-colour painting. 

Guelderland, Nether- ' 
lands, not Geld-. 

guelder rose*,«o/gelder — 
(not ital.). 

Guelph*, not Guelf. 

Guelph and Ghibel- 

guerdon*, a reward. 

guere {ne . . . ) (Fr.), hardly. 

Guernsey*, a Channel Is- 

guernsey =* 


woollen shirt. 
guerre (Fr. f.), war. 
guerrilla* warfare (2 fs, 

Guesclin (Bertrand du), 

1314-80, Constable of 

guess-work* (hyphen), 
guestling*, a Cinque Port 

assembly, not ges-. 
Guglielmo, It. for 

Guiana (British). 
Guibelline, use Ghi-*. 
Guicowar, use Gaekw^ar. 
guide-book* (hyphen). 
Guido, It. for Guy. 
Guignet's green, a deep 

rich green. 
Guilbert (Yvette),i869-, 




guild*, an association, not 

Guildford, Surrey, not 

guild-hall*, not gi- (hy- 
Guilford/ (Earl of) ; — 

Street, W.C, not Guild-. 
guillemets (Fr. typ. m.), 

the Fr. quotation marks 

a ». 
guillemot*, a bird, 
guillotine*, a beheading 

apparatus, also paper-cut- 
ting machine (not ital.). 
guimp, Ms^gimp*. 
Guinea (New). 
gtiinea/, -s, abbr. g. 
Guinevere, wife of King 

Arthur, not -er. 
Gujarat, India, use Gu- 

Gujranwala, Punjab. 
Gulden* (Aus., Du., Ger.), 

silver florin ; pi. same, 

Aus. abbr. fl. 
Gulf/ (typ.), cap. when with 

name, as Gulf of Corinth, 

Persian Gulf; abbr. G. ; 

— Stream* (no hy- 
Gulielmus, Lat. for 

gullible*, easily cheated, 

not -able, 
" Gulliver's Travels,** 

by Swift, 1726. 
guily*, a channel, not -ey. 
GuUy (Rt. Hon. W. C), 

1 835-, Speaker of H.C. 
gumboil*, not -bile (one 

gumption*, mother -wit, 

not -shion. 
gun., gunnery, 
gunboat* (one word). 
Gundamuk, Afghanistan, 

use Gandama^. 
Gungl (Josef), 1810-89, 

gunnery (naval), abbr, G., 

or gun. 
gunny*, sacking. 
Gunter*s chain*, etc. 

Giinther (A. C. L. G.), 

1830-, ichthyologist, 
gunwale* (naut.), not 

gunnel ; pron. gun'l. 
gup * (Ang.-Ind.), gossip. 
Gurkhas, Indian soldiers, 

not Ghoor-, Goor-. 
gurkin, use gher-* 
gurnard*, a fish, «o^-net. 
Gussfeldt(Paul), 1840-, 

Ger. traveller. 
Gutenberg or Gens- 

fleisoh (Johannes), 

1399-1468, inventor of 

printing from movable 

metal types. 
Guts Muths (J. C. P.), 

1759-1839, Ger. teacher, 
gutt/a *, a drop, abbr. gt. * ; 

pi. -SB*, abbr. gtt.* 
gutta-percha* (hyphen, 

not ital.). 
Gutzkow(K.P.), 181 1-78, 

Ger. writer. 
Gutzkow, Prussia. 
g.U,V, (Ger.), gerecht und 

vollkomnten (correct and 

Guyot (Yves), 1843-, Fr. 

Guzerat, India, not Guja-. 
G.W.R., Great Western 

Gwydjrr (Baron). 
Gwjrnn (Stephen), 1864-, 

gybe* (naut.) {see also 

gibe, jib), 
gjrmkhana*, an athletic 

display, not -kana (not 

g5rmnasi/um*, pi. -a* 

(not ital.). 
gymnotjus*, the electric 

eel; pl.-i*. 
gymp, use gimp*. 
gyncBceum* (bot.), not 

-ium, gynoe-. 
g3rnaBcology*, study of 

women's diseases, not 

g3rpsy, «5^ gipsy*, 
gyrfalcon, use ger-*. 
gyves *, fetters, not gi-. 







H., harbour, (naut.) hoy, 
the eighth in a series, all 
proper names with this 

H, (anal, mech.) the total 
energy, (chem.) hydro- 
gen, (lead pencils) hard, 
horizontal force of earth's 
magnetism, (mus.) B 
natural in Ger. system. 

h., hardness, height, hour, 
-s, husband, (naut.) hail. 

b* (math.), a small incre- 

H:.A., Horse-Artillery. 

A. a., hoc anno (this year), 
huj'us anni (this year's). 

Haarlem, Holland {see 
also Har-). 

Haarstrich (Ger. typ. m.), 
hair- stroke, serif, up- 
stroke (cap.), 

Habakkuk (the Pro- 
phecy of), abbr. Hab. 

Habana, Sp. for Havan a. 

habeas corpus*, a writ ; 
abbr. hab. corp. (not 

Habeas Corpus Act* 
(caps., not ital.). 

habendum* (law), part of 
a deed. 

habile*, ready, not -lie 
(not ital.). 

habitat* (not ital.). 

habitu/6 * (Fr.), fern. 
-6e*, a frequenter (not 

Habsburg (House of), 
Aus. Imp. family, not 

H.A.C., Honourable Artil- 
lery Company. 

Hachette et Cie, pub- 
lishers, Paris and London. 

hachis (Fr. cook, m.), 
minced meat. 

hachisch, use hashish*. 

hachure*, line used in 

map hill-shading. 
Hackel (Ernst H.), 

1834-, nat., not Hae-. 
Hacklander (F.W. von), 

1816-77, Ger. writer, 
hacklet*, the kittiwake, 

not hag-. 
Hackluyt, use Hak-. 
hackney/*, -ed*. 
bac lege (Lat.), with this 

Hadden, Best, & Co., 

publishers, London. 
Haddon (John) & Co., 

Haden (Sir F. Seymour), 

1818-1910, etcher and 

surgeon {see also Hay-). 
Hades*, abode of the dead 

badji*y title of a Mecca 

pilgrim, not hajji. 
Hadleigh, Essex, Suflfolk. 
Hadley, Middlesex, Salop, 

hadst (no apostrophe). 
Haeckel, use Hac-. 
hSBma-*, the prefix, as in 

haematite*, not he-. 
hsBmatin*, «o/he-, -ine. 
hsemo-*, the prefix, as in 

hsBmorrhage*, not he-. 
baflz (Arab., Pers.), a 

Moham. who knows the 

Koran by heart. 
Hdfiz, d. A. D. 1388, Persian 

Hag., Haggai. 
hagberry*,the bird-cherry, 

not hack-, heck-, heg-. 
bagere Scbrift (Ger. typ. 

f.), lean-faced type. 
Haggadah*, legendary 

part of the Talmud, not 

Agadah, Hagada, -ah. 
Haggai (the Prophecy 

of), abbr. Hag. 



haggard, in Fr. bagard. 


Hague (La), N.W.France. 

Hague (The), capital of 
Netherlands ; in Dutch *S 
Gravenhage (caps.). 

ha ha*, laughter (two 

ha-ha*, a sunk fence, not 
aha, haw-haw (not ital.). 

Hahnemann (C. F. S.), 
1 755-1843, homoeopath. 

Haidarabad, India, not 
Haider-, Hydar-. 

haik*, an Arab garment, 
not -ck. 

Haileybury College, 

hailstone* (one word). 

hair/breadth*, -brush*, 
-dresser*, -dressing* 
(one word). 

hair/-lead* (typ.), a very 
thin lead for spacing out 
printed matter ; — -line 
letter*, a type of hair- 
lines only: a very thln-faced 
type, as this: — -SpaCe*, 

the thinnest space; — 
-stroke*, serif (hy- 

Haiti, W. Indies, not 
Hayti ; in Sp. San 

hajl, hajji, use badJJ*. 

Hakcben (Ger. typ. n.), 
apostrophe, cedilla (cap.). 

bakeem*, Oriental medi- 
cal man, not -kim. 

bakim*, Oriental ruler. 

Hakluyt/ (R.), 1553-1616, 
geog. ; — Society ; not 

balb (Ger.), half, semi-; 
Halbjfranzband, half- 
bound calf, abbr. Htrz. ; 
-Jucbtenband, half- 
bound russia ; -leitl' 
wand, half-bound cloth, 
abbr. HIw. ; -saffian, 
half-roan ; -seite, half- 
page (each one word). 

halberd/*, «o/-ert ; -ier*. 

Hal^vy (J. F. F. £.), 
1799-1862, composer ; 

— (Joseph), 1 82 7-, 

half, see also fractions, 
half/ a dozen, — an hour, 

— an inch (no hy- 

half/.binding *, -bound, 
leather back and corners, 
paper or cloth sides, abbr. 
hf-bd. ; —-calf*, calf 
back and corners ditto, 

abbr. hf.-cf. ; cloth, 

cloth sides, abbr. hf.-cl. 

half/-caste*, a half-breed, 
not -cast (not ital.) ; — 
-crown * ; — -dime * 
(U.S.A.), five cents (not 
ital.); — -dozen*; — 
-holiday*; — -hour*; 

inch* ; — minute * ; 

moon* ; past; — 

-pay*, abbr. H.P. (all 

halfpenny* (one word). 

halfpenny^worth * (one 
word), abbr. ha*p*orth*. 

half/ -price *, — -sove- 
reign* (hyphens). 

Halfte (Ger. f.), moiety, 

half-title* (typ.), the short 
title before the full title. 

half-tone* block, one in 
which the various tones 
are made by dots. 

half-way* (hyphen). 

half-year/*, -ly* (hy- 

Haliburton (Thomas 
C), 1796-1865, writer ; 
pen-name Sam Slick. 

halibut* a fish, not hoi-. 

halieutic*, of fishing. 

hallabaloo, use hulla-*. 

Halle {la) (Fr.), the 
market ; pi. les Halles. 

Hall6 (Sir Charles), 
1819-95, pianist ; — 
(Lady), 1839-, violinist. 

Halle an der Saale, Ger.; 
abbr. Halle a/S. 



Hallelujah*, preferred to 
Alleluia*, a song of 
praise, not -luiah. 

Haller (A. von), 1708-77, 
anatomist, etc. 

H alley (Edmond, not 
-und), 1656-1742, astr. 

Halliwell - Phillipps 
(James 0.)> 1820-89, 
Shakespearean scholar. 

hall-mark* (hyphen). 

hallmote*, a court, not 

hallo*, to call attention or 
express surprise, pre- 
ferred to halloa, -00, hillo, 
-oa, holla, -o, -oa, -ow, 
hullo, -oa, -00. 
' halloo-baloo,«5^hulla-*, 

Hallow/-Day, All Saints' 

Day, I Nov. ; e*en*, 

last night of October (one 
cap., hyphen). 

hal/jux*, the great toe; pi. 

halm, stalk or stem, use 
haulm *. 

halo/*, pi. -es*. 

Hals (Pranz), 1580 or'84- 
1666, painter. 

halyard* (naut.), a rope 
for elevating, not halli-, 

hamadryad/*, a wood- 
nymph, serpent, or ba- 
boon; pi. -s*, Lat. pi. 

HambledeD, Bucks; — 

Hambledon, Hants, 


Hambleton, Lanes, Rut- 
land, Yorks. 

Hamburg*, a grape, also 
a fowl, not -gh. 

"Hamelin (Pied Piper 
of),** by R. Browning. 

Hamilton (Sir Wil- 
liam), 1 788-1856, meta- 
physician ; — (Sir Wil- 
liam Rowan), 1805-65, 

bammal*, an Oriental 
porter, not hummanl. 

bamtnam*, Turk, bath, 

not hummum, -aum, 

(Hans), pen-name of 

Henry W. Longfellow, 
hammy*, ham-like, not 

Hampden (John), 1594- 

1643, statesman. 
Hampe-Allgaier,a chess 

Hampshire, abbr. Hants 

(no point). 
Hanafite*, one of a Mo- 
ham, sect, not -efite, -ifite. 
H. & B. (bot.), Humboldt 

and Bonpland. 
hand(typ.), ^r, called fist. 
hand/beU*, -bill*, -book* 

(one word). 
Jiandbucb (Gen), manual 

Handel (G. P.), 1685- 

1759, composer; in Eng. 

usually Ha-. 
Handelsblatt (Ger. n.), 

trade journal (cap.). 

(Ger. f.), commercial col- 
lege (one word, cap.), 
handful/*, not -11 ; pL -s. 
handicap/ *, -per *, 

handiwork*, not handy-. 
bandjar* (Pers.), a dagger, 

not hanjar. 
handkerchief *, abbr. 

Handler (Ger. m.), dealer 

hand-made/*, abbr. H.M. 

(hyphen) ; —paper, abbr. 

handmaid/*, -en* (one 

hand-paper*, that with a 

hand as water-mark. 
Handpapier (Ger. n.), 

hand-made paper Tcap.). 
Handscbritt (Ger. f. ), MS., 

not Manuskript ; abbr. 

Hs. (cap.). 
handsel/*, earnest-money; 

-ling*, not bans-. 



Handworterbucb (Ger. 
n.), handy dictionary 
(cap.) ; abbr. Hwb. 

handwriting* (one word). 

handy-man* (hyphen). 

handywork, use handi-*. 

hangar* (Fr. m.), a shed. 

hanger*, one who, or that 
which, hangs ; also a 
sword, a wood. 

hanging paragraph 
(typ.), first Hne full out, 
following ones indented, 
as this. 

Hanover*, in Ger. Han- 
nover, Fr. Hanovre. 

Hans/* (Du., Ger.), John ; 

— Niemand, "Mr. No- 

hansel, M5«hand-*. 

Hanska (Madame), 
friend of Balzac. 

hansom*, a cab. 

Hants (no point), Hamp- 

haphazard* (one word). 

ha*p*orth*, a halfpenny- 

happy-go-lucky * (hy- 

happy hunting-ground* 
(one hyphen). 

Hapsburg, Imperial 

House of Austria, use 

bara-kiri* (Jap.), suicide, 
not hari-kari, hurry-curry. 

haram, ws^-em*. 

harangue *,/>ro«. ha-rang'. 

harass *, not harr-. 

harbour, abbr. H. 

hard (pencils), abbr. H. 

hard/-a-lee*, a-port*, 

— -a-starboard*, — 
-a-"vvreather* (two hy- 
phens each). 

harden*, a coarse fabric, 
not her-, hur-. 

bardiesse* (Fr. f.), hardi- 

Hardinge (Viscount) ; 
pron. -ing, not -inj. 

hardness (mineral.), abbr. 

hards*, coarse flax, «o/hur-. 

Hardt Mountains, Bav- 
aria (see also Harz — ). 

Hardwicke (Earl of). 

hardwood* (one word), 
but hard-wooded*. 

hard-wprking* (hyphen). 

harebell* (bot.), not hair- 
(one word). 

hare/-brain*, — lip*, not 
hair- (hyphens). 

harem* (Arab.), the 
women's part of a house, 
not -am, -eem, -im (not 

haren^ (Fr. m.), herring; 
— pec, salted herring. 

Hargraves (E. H.), 
1816-91, discoverer of 
the Australian goldfields. 

Hargreaves (James), 
1720-78, inventor of the 

baticot* (Fr. m. cook.), any 
thick stew ; baricots 
verts, French beans. 

haridan, use harridan*. 

harier, use harrier*. 

bart-karl, use bara-kiri*. 

har/im, w5*-em*. 

Haring (Wilhelm), 1797- 
1871, Ger. writer ; pen- 
name Wilibald Alexis. 

Harington (Sir John), 
1561-1612, writer (see 
also Harr-). 

hark*, listen, not hea-. 

harken, use hear-*. 

harl*, a fibre, «o/-Ie. 

Harland & "Wolfif, ship- 
builders, Belfast. 

Harlech, Merioneth, not 

Harleian*, of Harley. 

Harlem, New York {see 
also Haar-). 

Harlesden, Middlesex. 

Harleston, Norfolk. 

Harlestone, Northants. 

Harlow (G. H.), 1787- 
1819, painter. 

"Harlowe (Clarissa)," 
by Richardson, 1748. 

barniattan*,W. Afr. wind. 



barmonie (Fr., Ger. mus. 

f.), wind instruments. 
harmoniphon*, mus. 

instrument, not -ne. 
harmonize*, «o/-ise. 
Haroun al - Raschid, 

763-809, a caliph (one 

Harper & Brothers, pub- 
lishers. New York. 
harquebus/*, a portable 

gun, not -ss, arquebus; 

Harraden (Beatrice), 

1 864-, writer. 
harridan*, a haggard old 

woman, not hari-. 
harrier*, «o/harier. 
Harrington (Earl of) 

{see also Hari-). 
Harrison (Frederic, not 

-k), 1831-, Positivist. 
Harrisse (Henri), 1830-, 

Harrogate, Yorks, not 

Harry-long-legs*, the 

crane-fly (cap., hyphens). 
*' Harry Lorrequer,** by 

Lever, 1839. 
Harte (Francis Bret), 

1839-1903, American 

hartebeest *, antelope, not 

Hartleian*, of Hartley, 

MOt -leyan, -leyian. 
Hartmann (K. R. E. 

von), 1842-, metaphysic- 
hartshorn*, ammonia 

(one word). 
Hartzenbusch (Juan 

E.), 1806-80, Sp. dram. 
Hartz Mountains, use 

Harz —(5^^ a/50 Hardt). 
harum-scarum* (hy- 
phen), «o/harem-scarem. 
Harvard University, 

abbr. H.U. 
Harv/ey ("William), 

1578-1657, discovered 

blood circulation; -eian, 

not -eyan. 

Harz Mountains, not 
Hartz — (s^^a/5oHardt). 

hasard (Fr. f.), hazard. 

has-been (a)*, one that 
has been (hyphen). 

Hase (K. A. von), 1800- 
90, theologian. 

hashish*, not hachisch, 
-shish, -eesh, haschisch, 

Haslar Hospital, Hants. 

Haslemere, Surrey {see 
also Haz-). 

hassagai, use assagai*. 

Hasse (J. A.), 1699-1783, 

hatband* (one word). 

hatchel/*, to dress flax; 
-led*, -Ier*, -ling*. 

hatch w^ay* (one word). 

Mte (Fr. f.), haste. 

batti'bumayun, Turk, 
edict in Sultan's hand- 
writing ; batti-sberif*. 
Sultan's own decree. 

Hatzfeld, Hungary. 

Hauck (Minnie), 185 2-, 

Haug (Martin), 1827-76, 

Haulbowline, Cork. 

hauler *, not -ier. 

haulm* (bot.), a stalk or 
stem, not halm. 

Hauptmann (Gerhart), 
1 862-, dramatist ; * — 
(Moritz), 1792-1868, 

Hauptredakteur (Ger. 
m.), chief editor (cap.). 

Hauptzeile (Ger. typ. f.), 
head-line, but Kopfzeile 
(f.) more usual (cap.). 

Hausa, Cent. Sudan, not 
-ssa, Housa. 

Hauslbobe (Ger. typ. f.), 
height of type adopted by 
a printing oflSce : -kegel 
(m.), depth of same; 
'korrektor (m.), indoor 
reader ; -ortbograpbie 
(f.),'' Rules of the House." 

baussier (Fr. m.), specu- 
lator for a rise, "abuU." 



Haussmann (G. E., 
baron), 1809-91, Paris 

haussmannize*, to open 
out and rebuild. 

haut/bois, -boy(mus.),M5^ 

bautej bourgeoisie (Fr. f.), 
upper middle - class ; — 
nouveautS, latest fash- 

Hautes/-Alpes, dep. S.E. 

Fr. ; PyT6n6es, dep. 

S.W. France; Haute- 
Sadne, dep. E. France ; 
pron. son (hyphens). 

baut et bon (Fr.), great 
and good. 

hauteur*, haughty de- 
meanour (not ital.). 

baute volie (Fr. f.), the 
upper ten. 

bautj-goat* (Fr. m.), high 
flavour; — -ton, high 

Haiiy (R. J.), 1743-1822, 

Havana*, wo^-ah, -annah; 
in Sp. Habana. 

bave (Fr.), emaciated. 

havener*, a harbour- 
master, not -or. 

haver* (Sc. law), the 
holder of a document. 

Haverfordwest, Pem- 
broke (one word). 

Havergal (P. R.), 1836- 
79, hymn writer. 

haversack*, not havre-, 

havildar*, highest Indian 
N.C. officer. 

havoc*, not -ck. 

Hawai/i, N. Pacific, for- 
merly Sandwich Islands ; 
-an, pron. ha-wy'yan. 

Haweis (H. R.), 1838- 
1901, writer ; pron. hois. 

haw-haw, use ha-ha *. 

Hawke (Baron). 

hawk's-bill*, a turtle, 
not hawkbill. 

hawse* (naut), a part in 
the bows of a ship. 

hawthorn* (one word). 

Hawthorne (Julian), 
1846-, Amer. writer ; 
— (Nathaniel), 1804-64, 
Amer. writer. 

hay*, a country-dance, 
not hey. 

Hayden (George), fl. 1723, 
composer (see also'H.&d-), 

Haydn (Joseph), 1732- 
1809, Ger. composer, 
pron. hy'dn ; — (Joseph), 
d. 1856, compiled " Dic- 
tionary of Dates." 

Haydon (Benjamin B,.), 
1786-1846, painter {see 
also Had-). 

hay/maker*, -rick*, 
-stack* (one word). 

Hayti, ms<? Haiti. 

hazard*, in Fr. m. bas-. 

hazel-hen* (hyphen). 

hazle*, to dry superficially, 
not hazz-. 

Hazlemere, Bucks (see also 

Hazlitt (W.), 1778-1830, 
writer ; — (Williani 
Carew), 1834-, writer. 

hazy*, not -ey. 

HB* (pencils), hard and 
black; H.B.&K. (bot.), 
Humboldt, Bonpland, and 
Kunth; H.B.C.*, Hudson 
Bay Company; H.B.M.*, 
His, or Her, Britannic 

H.C., habitual criminal. 
Heralds' College, High 
Church, House of Com- 
mons, ditto Correction ; 
h.c.f. (math.), highest 
common factor ; H.C.M., 
His, or Her, Catholic 
Majesty; H.C.S., Home 
Civil Service. 

hdkf., handkerchief. 

hdqrs., head-quarters. 

H.E., His Eminence, — 

He*, helium. 

head* (typ.), the blank 
space at the top of a page 
(see also margins). 



headache* (one word). 

headachy*, not -ey. 

headband* (binding), 
the narrow ornament 
fastened inside the back 
of the head and tail of a 
bound book. 

head/-dress*, gear*, 

— -work* (hyphens). 
headings (typ.), to be 

caps, {^see also index); 

— {syjCb-), first, to be cap. 
initials and s.caps. ; second, 
even s.caps. ; third, italic 
in centre ; fourth, italic 
run-in. To be numbered 
I, A, (1), (i), {a). 

Headless Cross, Worcs. 

head-lines* (typ.), those 
at top of page with run- 
ning title, pagination, etc. 
Name, or abbreviated form 
of title, on left-hand page, 
chapter heading on right- 
hand page, or contents 
of the two pages open. 
Latter preferred. To be 
read and re-read by cor- 
rectors, as errors here, and 
in the folios, are easily 

head-man *, a chief 

head/ master*, — mis- 
tress* (two words). 

head/-page* (typ.), the 
one beginning a book, 

chapter, etc. ; piece*, 

a decorative block at top 
of first page of a book, 
chapter, etc. (hyphens). 

head-quarters* ~ (hy- 
phen) ; abbr. H.Q., or 

head-sail*, one before 
the fore-mast (hyphen). 

headsman* (one word). 

headstock* (mech.) (one 

headway*, motion for- 
ward (one word). 

head- word* (typ.), a 
word forming a heading 

healthful*, not -ull. 

Heap, see Heep. 

hearken*, not har-. 

heart-break/ *, -er *, 

-ing*, heart-broken* 

heartburn* (one word). 

hearthstone* (one word). 

heart-rending * (hy- 


heartsease*, the pansy 
(one word). 

heat (degrees of), (typ.) 
to be in arabic figures, as 
71° F. 

heathenize*, not -ise. 

heather-bell* (bot.), an 
Erica (hyphen). 

heave ho !* (two words). 

Heaven, cap. when equi- 
valent to the Deity; I.e. 
when a place, as "heaven 
is our home." 

heaven-bom* (hyphen). 

heavy-weight* (boxing) 

Heb., Hebrew, -s. 

hebdomad*, a week, not 

hebraize*, to make 
Hebrew, not -ise, -aicize. 

Hebrew (typ.), 22 letters, 
and many accents, points, 
etc. There is the ordin- 
ary square fount, and 
the "rabbinical." It is 
read from right to left : 
hence if any passage is 
divided, the right-hand 
words must go in the first 
line, and the left-hand in 
the second. Set with the 
nicks downwards. Abbr. 

Hebridean, not -ian. 

Hecat/e*, a Gr. goddess, 
pron. hek'a-te ; adj. 

Heckmondwike, Yorks. 

Hecla, volcano, Iceland, 
not Hek-. 

hectogram*, 100 

grammes, off. Board of 
Trade spelling, not -me. 



abbr. hectog.; hecto- 
litre*, loolitres, «o^-ter, 
abbr. hectol. ; -metre *, 
loo metres, not -er, abbr. 
Hm. (not ital.). 

H.E.D., incorrect abbr. for 
** Historical {now Oxford) 
English Dictionary," use 

"Hedda Gabler," play 
by Ibsen, 1890. 

hedgerow* (one word). 

Hedgrab, use Hegira*. 

Hedin (Sven Anders), 
1865-, Sw. traveller. 

hee-haw*, a, or to, bray, 
not he-, hiu-. 

Heep (Uriah), in "David 
Copperfield," not Heap. 

/feer(Ger.n.), army (cap.). 

Aeer(Du. n.), Mr., Sir. 

Heft (Ger. typ. n.), /asa- 
culus, part, also ten sheets 
of paper (cap.) ; abbr. 
Hft, pi. Hefte. 

be f tea (Ger. typ.), to stitch. 

Hegel (Qeorg, not -e, W. 
P.), 1770-1831, metaph. 

Hegira*, the flight of 
Mohammed from Mecca 
to Medineh, a. d. 622, not 

H.E.I.C.*, Honourable 
East India Company ; 
H.E.I.C.N"., ditto Navy ; 

Heidelberg, German uni- 
versity town. 

Heidsieck, a champagne. 

heighday, use hey- *. 

heigh-ho *, an audible sigh 
{see also hey-). 

height to paper (typ.), 
height of type, '9185 inch, 
or the diam. of a worn 

Heiland {der) (Ger.), the 
Saviour (cap.). 

Heilanstalt {Ger. f.), sana- 
torium, tiot Heils- (cap,). 

**Heil dir im Sieger- 
kranz** (Hail to thee in 
the conqueror's wreath), 
Pruss. national hymn. 

Ae///^(Ger.),holy; abbr. A/. 
beilige Scbrift (Ger. f.), 

Holy Scripture (one cap.); 

abbr. A/.S. 
Heimjat (Ger. f.), birth- 

place, not -ath ; 'gang 

(m.), death (cap.). 
" Heimskringla/* Norse 

Heine (Heinrich, but 

signed Henri), 1797- 
1856, Ger. poet ; pron. 

hy'nS ; adj. Heineian. 
Heinemann (William), 

publisher, London. 
heinous *. 

Heinrich, Ger. for Henry. 
Heinz, Ger. for Harry, 
heir (an, not a). 
heir apparent* (two 

words) ; abbr. heir app. 
heirloom * (an, not a) (one 

heir presumptive (two 

words) ; abbr. heir pres. 
Hejira, use Hegira*. 
Hekla, use Hec-. 
Hel (North, myth.), the 

goddess of the dead. 
Hel., Helvetia (Switz.). 
bSlasl (Fr.), alas! {s 

Helensburgh, Dumbar- 
ton, not -borough. 
Helicon*, a mountain, not 

fountain or lake. 
Heliogabalus, useTHlag-. 
heliogravure*, a photo- 
gravure i^not ital.). 
helium*, symbol He*, 
hel/ix*, a spiral ;pL -ices*, 
hell (not cap.) ; in Ger. f. 

Holle {see also Hel). 
bell (Ger.), clear, bright. 
Hell (Maximilian), 1720- 

92, Austrian astronomer. 
Hellen (Gr. myth.), king 

of Phthia, Thessalj'. 
Hellen/e *, a modern 

Greek ; pi, -es, pron. 

heUenize *, to make 

Greek, not -ise. 
hello, use hallo*. 



Helmholtz (Hermann 

L. F. von), 1821-94, 

helmsman*, one who 

steers (one word). 
H6loise, 1 101-64, and 

Abelard, not E1-. 
help/mate *, -meet* (one 

helter-skelter* (hyphen). 
Helvellyn, mountain, 

Hely-Hutchinson, Irish 

name (hyphen). 
hema-, prefix, use hsB- *. 
Hem el Hempstead, 

Herts (two words). 
, hemistich * (prosody), 

pron. he'mis-tik. 
hemo-, prefix, use has-*, 
hempseed* (one word). 
hem-stitch* (hyphen). 
hence/forth*, -forward* 

(one word). 
Henle (P. G. J.), 1809-85, 

Henley (W. E.), 1845- 

1903, writer, 
henna* (bot.), Egyptian 

privet, not -ah (not ital.). 
hen-peck/*, -ed* (hyphen). 
Henri, Fr. for Henry. 
Henslow (George), 

1835-, bot. ; - (J. S.), 

1796 1 861, bot. 
Herslowe (Philip), d. 

16 1 6, wrote " Diary." 
her., heraldry. 
Aer., heres (heir). 
Heraelean*, of Hercules, 

not -ian. 
Heracleid*, descendant 

of Hercules, not -lid. 
heraldry, abbr. her. 
Heralds* College *, abbr. 

H.C. (apos.). 
Herausgeber (Ger. m.), 

editor, publisher (cap.). 
herb/*, -al* (a, not an). 
herbari/um*, a collection 

of dried plants ; pi, -a 

(not ital.). 
Herbart (J. P.), 1776- 

1841, educationist. 

herborize*, «o/-ise. 

Herculean* (a, not an) 

Hercules *, in Gr. Hera- 

herd-book* (hyphen). 

here/about*, -s*, -after*, 
-by*, -in*, -of*, -on*, 
-out*, -to*, -tofore*, 
-under *, -upon *, 
-with * (one word). 

herein/ above*, — after*, 

— before* (two words). 
betels (Lat.), heir ;/)/. -des, 

abbr. her, 

heritrix*, an heiress, not 
-tress, here-. 

Her Majesty (caps.), abbr. 

hermeneutics*, science of 

hernia/*, pi. -s*. 

hero/* (a, not an) ; pi. 

heroic* (an, not a). 

heronry*, heron breeding- 
place, noi hernery. 

herpetolog/y*, -ist*, not 

Herr/ (Ger. m.), Mr., Sir, 
pi. -en ; abbr. Hr. Let- 
ters are addressed **An 
HFrrn" or ««Herrn** 
(abbr. Hm.^ Schmidt; 
-in, lady, mistress, pi. 
-innen. , 

Herr (Dan., Norw., Sw.), 
Mr., Sir. 

Herrlder), the Lord (cap.). 

HerreshoJBF, Amer. yacht 

Herrgott (Ger.), Lord God. 

herring-bone*, a stitch 

Herrabuter* (die) (Ger.), 
Moravian Brotherhood. 

Her Koyal Highness, 
abbr. H.R.H. 

hers* (no apostrophe). 

Herschel (Caroline Lu- 
cretia), 1750-1848 ; — 
(SirJ.P.W. ,1792 1871; 

— (Sir William), 1738- 
1822, astronomers. 

x6i 11 


Herschell (Baron), 1837- 

99, Lord Chancellor. 

Herts, Hertfordshire. 

Hertz (Heinrich), 1857- 

94, physicist ; — (Hen- 

rik), 1798-1870, Danish 

dramatist {see also Herz). 

Herv6 (F. B,.), 1825-92, 

bervorbeben (Ger. typ.), 
to display, or emphasize. 
Herz (Get. n.), heart (cap.). 
Herz (Henri), 1806-88, 
composer (seealso'H.ertz). 
Herzegovina, Austria. 
Herzogj (Ger. m.), duke, 
pi. -e ; -in (f.), duchess ; 
-turn (n.), duchy, not 
-thum (caps.). 
Hesperis*, a genus of 

Hesperus*, evening star. 
Hessje (Ger.), a Hessian, 
fent. -in ; -en. State of 
bet (Du.), the ; abbr. 't, as 

van't Hoff. 
betasrja* (Gr.), a concu- 
bine, />/. -«*; -ism.*, not 
-tair-, -tar-. 
heteroonsian*, of unlike 

substance, not heterou-. 
Heu (Ger. n.), hay (cap.). 
beu (Lat.), Oh ! 
heuch!* (Sc), the cry of 
a Highland-fling dancer, 
not hooch. 
heugh*(Sc.), aglen, «o^-ch. 
heugh! * hallo ! 
H eureka, use Eu-. 
beureusement (Fr.), 

hex-, Gr. prefix for six ; in 

Lat. sex-, 
liexad (chem.), ttot -ade 

(not ital.). 
hey, a dance, use hay *. 
hey-day*, prosperity, not 

heigh- (hyphen). 
beyduclt*, Hungarian 

soldier, not hai-. 
hey-ho!* utterance mark- 
ing rhythm (hyphen) (see 
also heigh-). 

Heytesbury, Wilts ; pron. 

Heywood (Johil), pub- 
lisher, Manchester and 

hf.-bd., half-bound; hf.- 
cf., half-calf binding; hf.- 
cl., half-cloth ditto. 

Hfrz. (Ger.), Halbfram- 
band (half-bound calf). 

Hft., Heft (Ger.), number, 

H.G., His, or Her, Grace, 
Horse Guards, High Ger.; 
Hg, hydrargyrum (mer- 
cury) ; H.G.D.H., His, 
or Her, Grand Ducal 

H.H.*, His, or Her, High- 
ness; His Holiness (the 
Pope); HH* (pencils^ 
harder ; hhd., hogshead, 
-s; HHH* (pencils), 
very hard. 

H.I., hie iacet (here lies). 

Hiatt (Charles), 1869-, 

hiatus/ *, pi. -es * (not ital.) . 

hibernate *, not hy-. 

hibernize*, not -ise. 

hie*, speech interruption, 
not hik. 

bic (Lat.), this, here. 

hiccup *, not -cough, -kup. 

bic et ubique (Lat.), here 
and everywhere. 

Hichens (Robert S.), 
1 864-, writer. 

bic iacetj* {Lat.), here lies ; 

sepultUS, here lies 

buried, abbr. H.I.S. 

Hicks Beach (Sir Mich- 
ael), 1837-, statesman 

hidalgo/*, Sp. gentleman 
by birth ; pi. -s. 

hide-and-seek*, a game 

hieing, use hy-*. 

bier (Ger.), here; Hier 
spricbt man Deutscb, 
German spoken here. 
hieroglyi)hize*, «o/-ise. 
higgledy-piggledy *. 




High Church *, abbr. 
H.C. ; High-Church- 
man* (hyphen, caps.). 

highfalutin* (U.S.A.), 
bombast, not -en, hifalu- 
tin, -n', -ng. 

high-flown * (hyphen). 

high-flyer*, not -flier. 

high pressure, abbr. H.P. 

high-priest*, abbr. H.P. 

high/road* ; — seas (the) , 
more than three miles from 
the coast (two words). 

high- water mark* (one 

highwayman*(one word) . 

H.I.H., His, or Her, 
Imperial Highness. 

Hijraj, -A, use Hegira*. 

Hil., Hilary. 

Hilary's Day (St.), 13 
January in Ch. of Eng., 
14 Jan. in Ch. of Rome. 

Hilary/ Sittings, 11 Jan. 
to Wednesday before 
Easter ; — Term (law), 
11-31 January. 

HUfsbuch (Ger. m.), aid, 
primer, manual (cap.). 

hill, when with name to 
have cap., as Box Hill. 

Hillingdon, Middlesex. 

Hmington, Norfolk. 

hiUo/, -a, use hallo*. 

hill/-side*, top* (hy- 

H.I.M., His, or Her, Im- 
perial Majesty. 

Himalayas, India. 

binci (Lat.), hence ; — IlIas 
lacbrymaSf hence these 

Hind., Hindu, -stan, -stani. 

Hindi, of N. India, «o/ -dee 
(not ital.). 

Hindlip (Baron). 

hindmost*, not hinder-. 

Hindoo, use Hindu*. 

hindrance*, «o/-erance. 

Hindu/*, not -doo, abbr. 
Hind. (not ital.); -ism*, 

Hindu Kush, mountains. 

Hindustan, abbr. Hind. 

Hindustani*, Urdu, the 
chief Indian language ; 
abbr. Hind. 

hing/e*, -ing*. 

Hinterland*, the "back 
country" (not ital.). 

bin undber (Ger.), to and 
fro ; bin and zuriicic, 
there and back. 

Hin weisungszeicben 
(Ger. typ. f.), reference 

hip/-bone*, —-joint* (hy- 

hippodrome* (not ital.). 

hippogriff*, a fabulous 
monster, not -gryph (not 

hippopotam/us*, pi. -i* 
(not ital.). 

hirdy-girdy* (Sc), dis- 
order {see also hurdy-). 

hireable*, obtainable for 
hire, not hira-. 

Hirmols (Gr. Ch.), pi. -/. 

H.I.S., hie iacet sepiilius 
(here lies buried). 

His/ Eminence, abbr. 
H.E.; -— Excellency, 
H.E. ; — Majesty, 
H.M. (caps., not ital.). 

bis non obstantibus 
(Lat.), nevertheless. 

hispanicize*, Mo/-ise. 

His, orHer, RoyalHigh- 
ness(caps.), abbr.H.R.H, 

histor/ian, -ic, -ical (an, 
not a) ; abbr. hist. 

Historicus, pen-name of 
George Grote, also of Sir 
W. Vernon Harcourt. 

historiette* (not ital.). 

history* (a,no/an) ; notable 
epochs or events to have 
caps., as the Julian Era, 
the Middle Ages, the 
Peace of Utrecht. 

Hitchin, Herts, not -en. 

hitty-missy *, at random. 

Hivites, people of North 

Hjelm (P. J.), 1746-1813, 
Swedish chemist. 
163 11 ♦ 


H.K., House of Keys, Isle 
of Man. 

H.Ij., House of Lords; 
M. (Ger/, heilig (holy"); 
H.L.I., Highland Light 
Infantry; M.S. (Ger.), 
heilige Schrift (Holy Scrip- 
ture) ; Hlw. (Ger.), 
Halbleinwand (half-bound 

H.M., His, orHer, Majesty; 
Home Mission ; Hm. 
hectometre; (paper) hand- 
made ; h.m., hoc ntense (in 
this month), hujus ntensis 
(this month's) ; H.M.C.*, 
His, or Her, Majesty's 
Customs; H.M.I., ditto 
Inspector; H.M.P., hoc 
tnonumentunt posuit (he, 
or she, erected this monu- 
ment); H.M.S.*, His, or 
Her, Majesty's Service, or 
Ship ; H.M.S.O., Station- 
ery Otfice; H.M.O.W., 
Office ot Works. 

Ho, holmium, 

ho., house. 

hoar-frost* (hyphen). 

hoarhound, use hore-*. 

Hobbema (Meindert), 
1638-1709, Dutch painter. 

hobbledehoy *, raw youth, 
not the many variations. 

hobby-horse* (hyphen). 

hob-nob* (hyphen). 

Hoboken, U.S.A. 

hoboy (mus.), use oboe*. 

bocj age (Lat.), attend ! 
pron. a'jee ; — anao, 
in this year, abbr. b.a. ; 
— genus omne, all this 

hoc habet (^Lat.), a palpable 

Hocb {dreimat) (Ger.), 
three cheers. 

Hocbdruck (Ger. typ. m.), 
relief printing (cap.). 

bocbepot (Fr. cook, m.), a 
dish, hotchpotch. 

bocbstebender Bucb- 
stabe (Ger. typ.), su- 
perior letter, as •*. 

Hocbwdrden (Ger. noun, 
indecl.). Reverend (cap.). 

bocj loco (Lat.), in this 
place ; — mense^ in this 
month, abbr. h.m. ; — 
monumentum posuit, 
he, or she, erected this 
— quxre, look for this, 
h.q. ; — sensUy in this 
sense, h.s. ; — temporCf 
Sit this time, h.t. ; — 
titulOy in, or under, this 
title, h.t. 

hocus-pocus* (hyphen). 

hodge-podge*, a medley 
{see also hotch-). 

bodie (Lat.), to-day. 

hodmandod*, a snail. 

hodograph* (math.), a 

hodomet/er*, distance 
measurer ; -ry, not od-. 

Hodson (W. S. R. , 1821- 
58, of Hodson's Horse. 

Hoe, Plymouth ; pron. ho. 

Hoe (R. M ), 1812-86, 
printing-machine maker. 

hoeing*, not hoing. 

Hof (Ger. m.), court, hotel 

Hofdicbter (Ger.), Poet 
Laureate ('cap.). 

Hoff( Jacobus H. van *t) , 
1852-, Dutch chemist. 

Hoffman (Professor), 
pen-name of J. A. Lewis. 

Hoffmann (Daniel), 
1576-1601, theologian ; — 
(E. T. A.), 1776-1822, 
Ger. writer; — (Fred- 
eric), 1660-1742, Ger. 
chemist (see also Hofm-). 

Hoffnung (Ger. f.), hope 

Hoftnann (A. "W. von), 
1818-92, chemist; — 
(Josef), pianist ; — 
(J. C. K. von), 1810- 
77, theologian {see also 

Hofmann*s violet. 

hogmanay* (Sc), the last 
day of the year. 



hogshead/, -s, abbr. hhd. 
Hohenzollern (House 

of), Prussian Imperial 

hoiden, use hoy- *. 
hoing, use hoe-*. 
boi pofloi {not the) (Gr.), 

the masses, not oi — . 
hokey-pokey *, ice-cream, 

not hoky - poky (hy- 
holarctic* (zool.) (one 

word, not ital.). 
Holbein (Hans), 1497- 

I543> painter. 
hole-and-corner*, secret 

holey*, having holes. 
HolJ, use Hoolee*. 
holibut, use halibut*, 
holily*, sacredly. 
holla, «5^ hallo*. 
hollai}aloo, use hulla-*. 
hoUand*, a linen (not cap.). 
bollandaisj (Fr.), fetn. -e, 

Dutch; abbr. boIL (not 

Holle (Ger. f.), hell. 
hoU/o, -oa, -ow, use 

hollyhock*, a plant. 
holmium, symbol Ho. 
Holofemes, Assyr. Gen- 
eral ; a pedantic teacher. 
Holtei (K. von), 1798- 

1880, poet. 
Holty (Ii. H. C), 1748- 

76, poet. 
HoltzapfFel (Charles), 

1806-47, mechanician. 
Holtz machine (elec). 
holus-bolus*, all at once 

Holy Cross Day*, 14 

Holy/ Ghost * ; — Land * 

(two words, caps.). 
Holyoake (G. J.), 181 7-, 

Holy of holies* (one 

Holyoke, Mass., U.S.A., 

a city. 
Holy orders (one cap.). 

Holy Homan Empire 
(caps.), abbr. H.R.E. 

Holy Saturday, one be- 
fore Easter. 

Holy Spirit, as Deity 

holystone* (naut.) (two 
words), but the verb to 
holystone* (one word). 

Holy Thursday, Ascen- 
sion Day in Eng. Church ; 
but Thursday in Holy 
Week, or Maundy Thurs- 
day, in Roman Church. 

Holy Week*, one before 
Easter (two words, caps.). 

Holzjblock (Ger. typ. m.), 
wood-block ; -dntckim.), 
wood-print; -platie (f.), 
woodcut-block ; -scbnitt 
(m.), woodcut. 

homage, in Fr. botnm-. 

bomard (Fr. m.), lobster. 

home-bre"wed * (hyphen). 

Home Counties (the), 
Essex, Herts, Kent, 
Middlesex, Surrey. 

Homely (Josias), pen- 
name of John Bradford. 

home-made* (hyphen). 

Homeric, or loud, laugh- 
ter (cap. ). 

Home/ Rule *, — Ruler 
(two words, caps.) ; abbr. 

home-sick/*, -ness* (hy- 

homespun* (one word). 

homing*, not -eing. 

hominy* (U.S.A.), ground 

homish*, home-like, not 

Hommage] de Vauteur 
(Fr.), with the author's 
compliments; — del*edl- 
teur, ditto publisher's, 
not editor's. 

botnmej d'affaires (Fr.), 
business man, not — des 
— ; — de bien, a respect- 
able man ; — de let. res , 
author; — de paille, 
man of straw ; — de robe. 



lawyer ; hommej d*es- 

prttf man of wit ; — 
d'Stat, statesman ; — de 
tSte, man of resource ; 
— du tnonde, man of 


hommock, usehu-*. 

homjo* (Lat.), human be- 
ing; pi. -ines. 

homoeopath*, «o/home-. 

homogenize*, not -ise. 

homoiouslan*, of like 
substance (not ital.). 

homologize*, to make 
homologous, ftoi -ise. 

homonym.*, a word of 
like spelling but diflferent 
meaning, not -me. 

homoousian*, of the same 
substance, not homou- 
(not ital.). 

homy*, home-like, not-ey. 

Hon., Honourable (son of 
a peer), Honorary. 

bon. (Fr.), Ao«or/ (honour- 

Honble., Honourable (Ind. 

honest (an, not a). 

honey-bee* (hyphen). 

honeycomb* (one word). 

honey-de'W*, a sticky sub- 
stance, a tobacco (hy- 

honeyed*, sweet, not -led. 

honeymoon* (one word). 

honeysuckle* (one word). 

Hong-Kong, China (hy- 

evil be to him who 
thinks evil of it (motto of 
the Order of the Garter). 

honnete bomme (Yr. m.), 
a worthy man ; homme 
bonnSte, a civil man. 

bonoraires (Fr. pi. m.), 
fee, salary. 

Honorar (Ger. n.), honora- 
rium (cap.). 

honorarium/* (a, not an) ; 
pi. -s* (not ital.). 

honorary secretary, 
abbr. Hon. Sec. 

bonorS (Fr.), honoured ; 

abbr. bon. 
boaorlsj causa, or — 

gratia (Lat.), for the sake 
of honour, 
honour (an, not a), 
honourable* (an, not a) ; 
abbr.forson of peer, Hon., 
for Indian title, Honble. 

Honourable Artillery 
Company, abbr. H. A.C. 
Hon. Sec, honorary sec- 

hooch, see heuch. 

hoodwink* (one word). 

Hooghly, Ind., use Hugli. 

Hook./ (bot.). Sir W. 
Hooker; — fil. (bdt.), 
Sir J. D. Hooker. 

Hook (Theodore Ed- 
ward), 1788-1841, hu- 
morist (see also Hooke). 

hookah* Oriental pipe, 
not hooka, -er, hoqqa, 
houka, hukah (not ital.). 

hook and eye* (no hy- 

Hooke (Hobert), 1635- 
1703? phj'sicist {see also 

hook-in (typ.), when there 
are too many words for 
one line to carry, those 
at the end are carried 
above or below to the 
end of the preceding or 
succeeding line, as in 
poetry, etc. 

ffoolee*, E. Ind. religious 
festival, not Holi. 


hoopoe*, S. European bird; 
pron. hoo'poo. 

hope* (a, «o/an). 

hoping*, not -eing. 

Hopkins (Johns, not 
John) University, U.S.A. 
(no apos.). 

hop-o»-my-thumb*, a 
pigmy (hyphens). 

hop-picker* (hyphen). 

hopping*, action of hop, 
also hop gathering, not 



Hoppner (John), 1758- 
1810, painter, R.A. 

HoppO*. Chinese Board of 

hopscotch*, (one word). 

hor., horizon. 

horja (Lat.), hour, pi. -as; 
horasj canonical, hours 
for prayer; — SUbse- 
clvaSf leisure hours. 

Horatius Codes, of the 
Sublician Bridge ; pron. 

horde*, a wandering tribe. 

Horeham Iloa4, Sussex. 

horehound*, not hoar-. 

Horham, Suffolk. 

horizon, abbr. hor. 

horn (English), one of 
the oboes ; in Fr. cor 
anglais ;— (French) , one 
of the trumpet class. 

hornblende*, not -d. 

hornpipe*, a dance (one 

horologe*, a timekeeper 
(not ital.). 

horology, abbr. horol. . 

horoscope* (not ital.). 

horribllej dicta (Lat.), 
horrible to tell ; — visu, 
horrible to see. 

borsj* (Fr.), beyond, out 
of; — coacours, not for 
competition (not de) ; — 
de combat *, disabled ; 
— de la loiy outlaw ; — 
de pair, without an equal ; 

(Taeuvre*, sing, and 

pi., relish, -es. 

Horse Artillery (caps., 
hyphen), abbr. H.A. 

horseback* (one word). 

horse/-chestnut*, not 

-chesnut ; coper*, not 

-couper (h3rphens). 

Horse Fair, Kiddermin- 
ster (two words). 

Horsefair, Yorks. 

horse/-flesh*, — fly* (hy- 

Horse Guards (Royal)*, 
abbr. H.G. (two words, 

horsehair* (one word). 

horse/-marine*, a " land- 
lubber"; — -power*, 

abbr.h.p. ; race*; — 

-radish* (hyphens). 

horseshoe* (one word). 

horse-tail* (hyphen). 

horseTvhip * (one word). 

Horsham, Sussex. 

hors tigne (Fr.), excep- 

horsy*, horse-like, nof-ey. 

hort., horticulture. 

bortus sicca s*f collection 
of dried plants. 

Hos., Hosea. 

Hosanna/*, a shout of 
praise, "save, we pray," 
not -ah (not ital.) ; — 
Sunday, Palm Sunday. 

hospital (a, not an). 

hospitaller*, «o/-aler. 

hostel^*, -ry*. 

hostilize*, Mo/-ise. 

hostler, use ostler*. 

hotbed* (hort.) (one word). 

hotchpot* (law), gather- 
ing for purpose of equal 
division (one word). 

hotchpotch* (cook.) (one 
word) (see also hodge-). 

hdte (Fr. m.), innkeeper, 
host ; also guest. 

hotel* (an, not a) ; — 
(name of), when cited, 
if ambiguous, to be roman 

Hdtell de ville* (Fr. m.), 

town hall ; D/ei/*, a 

hospital, pi. HdtelS' 
Diea ; hdtet garni, 
furnished lodgings. 

hotel-keeper (an, not a) 

hot-house * (hort.) (hy- 

Houdan, breed of fowls. 

Houdin (J. E. R.), 1805- 
71, conjurer. 

Houdon (J.- A.), 1741- 
1828, Fr. sculptor. 

hour/* (an, not a) ; abbr. 

sing, or pi. h. ; glass* 

(an, not a) (hyphen). 



houri/*, a n3rmph of the 
Moham. paradise ; pi. -s. 

Housa, African race, use 

house, number of in a 
street, should have no 
point after, as 6 Fleet 
Street ; abbr. ho. 

House (the)*, the Stock 
Exchange, Christ Church 
(Oxford), the House of 
Commons, the work- 

hou8e/-agent*, — boat* 

housebote* (law), house 

housebreaker * (one 


house/-flag*, fly* (hy- 

house/holder*, -keeper*, 
-maid* (one word). 

House of/ Commons 
(the), abbr. H.C. ; — 

— Keys, H.K. ; 

Lords, abbr. H.L. 

house/-painter*, phy- 
sician*, abbr. H.P.; — 
-surgeon*, abbr. H.S. 

housewife* (one word). 

Housman (A. E.), 1859-, 
poet ; — (Laurence), 
1867-, writer and artist. 

Houssaye (Arsdne), 
1815-96, writer ; — 
(Henri), 1848-, writer. 

houyhnhnm*, a horse 
with human characteris- 
tics ('* Gulliver's Tra- 
vels ") ; pron. hwinlm. 

Hova, a Madagascan race. 

hovell/er*, -ing* (two 

ho'wbeit* (one word). 

how^dah*, elephant- seat, 
not -a, houda, -ah, -ar, 

how - do - you - do *, or 
how-d'ye-do* (hy- 

Howells (W. D.), 1837-, 
Amer. writer. 

Howietown fishery, Stir- 

howitzer *, a cannon. 

Howth, Dublin ; pron. 

hoy (naut.), abbr. H. 

hoya* (bot.), a wax-plant. 

hoyden*, not hoi-. 

Hoylake, Cheshire (one 

H.P., half-pay, high pres- 
sure, high-priest, house- 
physician, (paper) hot- 

h.p., horse-power. 

H.Q., Head-quarters. 

h.q.*, hoc qusBre (look for 
this), or q.v. 

H.R., Home Rule, -r. House 
of Representatives ; Hr, 
(Ger.), Herr (Mr., Sir); 
H:.R.E., Holy Roman 
Empire ; H.R.H.*, His, 
or Her, Royal Highness ; 
H.R.I.P. (Lat.), hie re- 
quiescit in pace (here rests 
in peace). 

H.S., hie sepultus (or situs) 
(here is buried) , hoc sensu 
(in this sense), house- 
surgeon ; Hs. (Ger.), 
Handschrift (manuscript); 
H.S.E., hie sepultus (or 
situs) est (here lies buried) ; 
H.S.H., His, or Her, Se- 
rene Highness ; H.S.M., 
His, or Her, Serene 
Majesty ; 'H..8.S.,Historix 
Soeietaiis Soeius (Fellow 
of the Historical So- 

h.t., hoc tempore (at this 
time), hoc titulo (in, or 
under, this title) ; (elec.) 
high tension. 

H.IT., Harvard Univer- 

hubble-bubble*. Orien- 
tal pipe (hyphen, not 

Hiibner (Julius), 1806- 
82, painter. 

huckaback*, a fabric, not 
hugga- (one word). 



Hucknall Torkard, 

Notts, where Byron is 

Hudson Bay, N. Amer., 
not Hudson's — . 

hue and cry* (no hyphen). 

Hueffer (F. M.), 1873-, 
writer ; — (Francis), 
1845-89, mus. critic. 

Hugel (Ger. m.), hill 

hugger-mugger*, secret- 
ly (hyphen, not ital.). 

Hughenden, Bucks ; pron. 

Hugli, not Hooghly. 

Hugo (Victor Marie), 

- 1802-85, Fr. writer. 

Huguenot *, not -onot. 

buis clos (k) (Fr.), with 
closed doors, in camera. 

bulssier* (Fr. m.), bailiff, 

huttres (Fr. f.), oysters. 

bujus anni (Lat.), of this 
year ; abbr. A.a. 

hukah, use hookah*. 

hullabaloo*, uproar, not 
the many variations. 

HiiUah (J. P.), 1812-84, 

huU/o, -oa, -00, use 

Hulsean Lectures, Cam- 

Humaniora (Lat.), the 
humanities ; abbr. Hum. 

huniani25e*, «o/-ise. 

humble* (a, not an). 

humble-bee* (hyphen). 

humble pie (to eat) *, not 
umbel (two words). 

Humboldt (F. H. A., 
baron von), 1 769-1 859, 
naturalist; — (K. W. 
von), 1767-1835, states- 
man and writer. 

humdrum* (one word). 

Humean*, of Hume, not 

humerus *, upper-arm 
bone (not ital.). 

hummel/*, -led*, -ler* 
(Sc), (cattle) hornless; 

(grain) awnless, not 

humming-bird* (hy- 

hummock*, not -uck, ho-. 

bummum, Turkish bath, 
use bammam*. 

humoresque*, humorous- 
ly, not humour-. 

humor/ist*, -ize*, «o^-ise. 

humorous/ *, -ly *, -ness *. 

humour/, -ed*, -some*, 
-somely*, -someness*, 
not humor-. 

humpback* (one word). 

Humperdinck (Engel- 
bert), 1854-, composer. 

Humphrey (Dukei. 

*♦ Humphrey's Clock 
(Master),** by Dickens, 

"Humphry (not -ey) 
Clinker," by Smollett, 

humpty-dumpty* (hy- 
humus*, vegetable mould. 
Hun., Hungary, -ian. 
hunchback* (one word). 
Hunooat, Accrington. 
Huncote, Leicester. 
bundert (Ger.), hundred, 
hundred/, abbr. C ; 

-weight/*, -s (one word), 

abbr. cwt. 
Hungary*, abbr. Hun.; 

in Fr. Hongrie, in Ger. 

Hunstanton, Norfolk ; 

pron. hun'stn. 
Hunter's Quay, Argyl 

Huntingdonshire, abbr. 

Hunts (no point). 
Huntington, Yorks. 
Huntley, Glos. 
Huntly, Aberdeen ; — 

(Marquess o/), not -ey. 
Hunyadi Jdnos, Hun- 
garian mineral water. 
Hunyady (Janos C), 

1387-1456, Hungarian 

General, not -adi. 
hurden, fabric, use har-*. 



hnrds, use hards*. 

hurdy-gurdy* (mus.) (set 
also hirdy-). 

hurly-burly*, not hi- bi-. 

hurrah*, «o/-ay. 

hurry- curry, use bara- 

hurry-scurry*, pell-mell, 
not -sk-. 

Hurst/monceaux, -pier- 
point, Sussex (one word). 

Hus (John), 1 369- T 41 5, 
more correct than Huss. 

husband, abbr. h. 

Husbands Bosworth, 
Rugby (no apostrophe). 

hussy*, not -zzy, 

Hutton ((3t. M.), pen- 
name of Mrs. Mona Caird. 

Huygens (Christian), 
1629-95, astr., «o/-ghens; 
pron. hy'ggnz. 

Huysmans (Joris Karl), 
1848-, Fr. writer. 

huzza*, a hurrah. 

huzzy, use hussy*. 

h.W. (cricket), hit wicket. 

H"wb. (Ger.), Handworter- 
buck (handy dictionary). 

,H. W. M., high - water 

hyacinth* (bot.). 

Hyacinthe (P§re>, or 
Charles Loy son, 1827-, 

hyaena, use hyena*. 

hybemate, use hi-*. 

hybridize*, etc., «o/-ise. 

hyd., hydrostatics. 

Hyderabad, India, use 

hydrangea*, a shrub, not 
-ia (ital.). 

hydro/carbon*, -dyna- 
mics* (one word). 

hydrcgen*, symbol H*. 

hydrogenize*, «o/-ise. 

hydrolysis *, decomposi- 
tion of water. 

hydrophobia* (not ital.). 

hydrostatics, abbr. hyd. 

hydrotherap/eutics*, -y* 
(one word). 

hyena*, not hyae-. 

Hydres, dep. Var, France. 

Hygeia*, goddess of 
health, not -gea, -giea. 

hygeian*, healthy, not 
-ean, -lean. 

hygeist*, a sanitarian, not 

hygiene *, science of health. 

hying*, not hie-. 

H.Y.M.A., Hebrew Young 
Men's Association. 

hymen* (anat.) (not ital.). 

hjoneneal* (not ital.). 

hymn-book* (hyphen). 

hyp., hypothesis, hypo- 

hypersem/ia*, -io*, not 
-emia, -haemia. 

hyperbola *, a curve. 

hyperbole*, exaggeration ; 
pron. hy-per'b6-l6. 

hyperbolize*, not -ise. 

hyper criticize*, «o/-ise. 

hyphenize*, «o^-ise. 

hyphens, see punctua- 
tion, XV. 

hypnotize *, not -ise. 

hypochondria*, not -con- 
dria (not ital.). 

hypocrisy* (an, not a). 

hypodertnja*, an under- 
lying tissue ; pi. -ata *. 

hypostatize *, «o^-ise. 

hjrpotenuse* (geom.), not 

hypothec* (Scots law). 

hypothes/is* (a, not an), 
pi. -es*; abbr. hyp. 

hypothesize*, to assume, 
not -ise. 

hy-spy*, a game, not I spy. 

hysteresis* (physics). 

hysterical (an>. 

hysteron proieron*{Gr.^, 
the reverse of natural 
order : the cart before 
the horse. 








_ I 


I., Idaho, island, -s, the ninth 

ill a series, all proper 

names with this initial, 

intperator (emperor), int- 

peratrix (empress), (Ger.) 

Ihr (your), etc. 
I, iodine, (roman numeral) 

one (no point). 
I (typ.), should not come at 

end of line if avoidable. 
/ Celec), moment of inertia 

i., id (that). 
I (Gr.), iota (no dot) ; 

(math.) square root of 

minus one. 
I (it la), it is me, both 

permissible in speech, but 

latter should not be printed. 
I.A., Indian Army, infected 

la., offic. abbr. for Iowa. 
i. A. {Gcr., imAuJiragt {by 

order of). 
I.A.A.A., Irish Amateur 

Athletic Association, 
lachimo. in ''Cymbeline "; 

pron. yak'i-mo. 
iambize*, not -ise. 
ibex/*,^/. -es*. 
ibidem * (Lat. ), in the same 

place, pron. Ib-I'dem ; 

abbr. lb.*, or ibid* (ital., 

not cap. ) (set also idem). 
ibis/* vornith.),//. -es*. 
Iblis, use B-. 
I.B.S^., Inanimate Bird 

Shooting Association. 
Ibsen iHenrik), iSaa-, 

Norwegian writer. 
I.e., lesHS Christus (Jesus 

I.e. A., Irish Cyclists Asso- 
Icarian*, of Icarus, no/ -ean. 
Ice., Iceland, -ic. 
ice-cream* (hyphen). 
Icelandic (typ.), roman 

now used, but with many 

special characters. 

icb (Ger.), I (cap. only at 
beginning of sentence). 

Icb diea (Ger.), I serve 
(motto of the Prince of 

ichthyology, abbr. ichth. 

icbthyosaurlus^ (palae- 
ont.\ pi. -/♦. 

id on parie tranfais, 
French spoken here 

Icknield Street, a Roman 
road in England. 

I.C.N., In CJirisU' noming 
(in Christ's name). 

icon/*, an illustration or 
portrait ; pi. -B ; -Ic •, not 
ik., eik- (not ital.) (sm 
also Eikon). 

icon., iconography, -ic. 

I.C.8., Indian Civil Ser- 

I.C.T., lesu Otristo Tutore 
(Jesus Christ being our 

I.D. (mil. ), Intelligence De- 

/d(Lat.), that; abbr. 1. 

#«/.*, idem (the same). 

I'd*, I had, or I would ; 
(typ.) to be close up. 

Idaho, abbr. I. 

I.D.B. (S. Africa), illicit 
diamond buyer. 

idealize *, not -ise. 

idealo^cal, see ideo-. 

id6e fixe (Fr. f.), fixed 

idem! * (Lat), the same, or^ 
as mentioned before ; pi. 
same, abbr. id.* It has 
been suggested to confine 
use of idem or id. to 
author's name, and ibtd. 
or ib. to title of book, as 
Id., ib.; — quod, the 
same as, abbr. i.q, 

ideograph*, a character, 
not a word, symbolizing 
an idea, not idea-. 



Ideolog/ioal*, relating to 
the study of ideas, not 
idea- ; -ist*, a mere 
theorist ; -ize*, not -ise. 

ides*, the fifteenth of 
March, May, July, 
October, the thirteenth 
of other months. 

id est* (LatO, that is; 
abbr. i.e.* (abbr. not ital., 
no caps., comma before). 

id genus omne (Lat.), all 
of that kind. 

idiocy*, not -icy. 

idiosyncrasy*, not -cy. 

idiotoy, use idiocy*. 

idl/ing *, -y *, not -eing, -ey. 

I.D.N. (Lat.), In Dei 
nomine (in God's name). 

idolater*, not -or. 

idolize*, «o/-ise. 

idoI'iOn *, an image ; pron. 
I-dO'l6n, pi. -a *. 

Idumeda, not -ea. 

idyll*, not -yl. 

-ie-, in words, the pro- 
nunciation of which does 
not imply the spell- 
ing : — achieve, adieu, 
aerie, aggrieve, ancient, 
apiece, archiepiscopal, 
Aries, audience, barrier, 
befriend, belie, belief, be- 
lieve, besiege, bier, bom- 
bardier, brevier, brief, 
brigadier, calefacient, 
cashier, cavalier, chan- 
delier, chief, chiflFonier, 
clothier, coefficient, collie, 
collier, commorient, con- 
science, consentient, co- 
sentient, coterie, courier, 
courtier, cuirassier, cur- 
rier, deficient, die, dis- 
believe, disobedience, 
disorientate, dissilient, 
efficiency, -t, emollient, 
enshield, farrier, fie, fief, 
fieldjfieldfare, fiend, fierce, 
flies, friend,frieze,frontier, 
fusiher, gaiety, gambler, 
gaselier, glacier, grenadi er, 
grief, grieve, -ance, -ous, 
handkerchief, harrier, hie, 

hosiery, hygienic, im- 
patience, -t, inalienable, 
inefficiency, -t, ingluvies, 
lie, lief, liege, lieu, lieu- 
tenant, maieutic, mediety, 
mien, misbeUef, mischief, 
mischievous, nescience, 
niece, niello, omniscience, 
-t, oriel, orient, osier, 
patience, -t, pie, piebald, 
piece, -meal, pier, pierce, 
piezometer, prairie, pre- 
mier, prescience, priest, 
-craft, -hood, -rid, pro- 
ficiency, -t, prurience, -t, 
purlieu, quotient, rabies, 
rapier, relief, reprieve, 
resiliency, -t, retrieve, 
reverie, review, rilievo, 
sentient, shield, shriek, 
siege, sieve, spaniel, 
specie, -s, stupefacient, 
sufficiency, -t, super- 
sahent, sympiesometer, 
tannier (a root), terrier, 
thief, thieve, tie, tier, 
tierce, tiercel, transient, 
vernier, vie, view, -less, 
vizier, wield, yield, and 
in the pi. of nouns, com- 
parative of adverbs, and 
past part, of verbs ending 
in y (not -ey), as fancies, 
speedier, hurried (see also 

I.E., Indian Empire, Indo- 

i.e.*, id est (that is) (not ital., 
no caps., comma before). 

lesu (Lat.), Jesus. 

I.G., Indo-Germanic, (mil.) 

Igdrasil, Iggdrasil, use 

I.G.P. (mil.), Inspector- 
General of Fortifica- 

igtt,, ignotus (unknown"). 

Ignatief (count N. P.), 
1832-87, Russian 


ignis fatuus* (Lat.), will- 
o'-the-wisp ; pi, ignes 



Ignitable*, not -ibie. 
ignoramus/*,/*/, -es*. 
ignoratio elenchi*(Lat.), 

refuting a proposition 

differing from that one 

professes to be refuting. 
ignotum per ignotius 

(Lat.), the unknown by 

means of the more un- 
known, not ignotus. 
ignotus (Lat.), unknown ; 

abbr. iga, 
i.b,, iacet hie (here lies). 
ihm (Ger.), to him. 
Ihnen (Ger.), to you (in 

address) (cap. ) ; to them 

(not cap.). 
i.h.p.* (mech.), indicated 

Ibr (Ger.), your (cap.) ; 

abbr. I. 
ibr (Ger.), to her, her, 

their (not cap.). 
I H S*, lesus (Jesus) (no 

II* (roman numeral), two 

(no point). 
Ill* (roman numeral), three 

(no point). 
IIII, use IV, except on 

/. J.J im Jahre (in the year), 
ij (med.), two. 
/. J. d. W, (Ger.), int Jahre 

der Welt (in the year of 

the world). 
LK.H, (Ger.), Jhre konig- 

liche Hoheit (Her Royal 

ikon, use icon* {see also 

i/(Fr.), he or it; (It., m.), 

ilex/* (bot. ),/>/. -es. 
Iliad*, of Homer (roman, 

not quoted). 
ilk (of that), of the same 

name, not family. 
111., off. abbr. Illinois. 
ill, , illustrissimus (most 

rU*, I shall or will ; (typ.) 
to be close up. 

ill-advised/*, -ly* (hy- 

lUe-et-Vilaine, dep. Fr. 
illegalize*, not -ise. 
illegitimatize *, not -ise. 
ill-health (hyphen). 
illiberalize*, not -ise. 
Illinois, off. abbr. 111. 
illipsis, use e-*. 
iilotis manibus (Lat.), 

with unwashed hands, 

Iliutninatji*, a sect ; sing. 

illustrat/ed, -ion, abbr. 

illustrations, references 

tobeas^'Platell, fig. 4." 
illustrator*, not -er. 
ill will* (two words). 
// ify a pas de quoi (Fr.), 

don't mention it. 
I.Ij.P., Independent Labour 

Tm*, I am; (typ.) to be 

close up. 
im (Ger.m. and n.), in dent 

(in the). 
imagines maJorum{Lat.), 

ancestors' portraits. 
imag/o*, winged insect ; 

pi. -ines* (not ital.). 
imam*, Mohammedan 

priest, not -am, -aum. 
im Auftrage (Ger.), by 

order of ; abbr. /. A, 
im/bank, -bargo, -bathe, 

-bed, -bitter, -blaze, 

-blossom, -body, 

-bolden, -bosom, 

-bound, -bower, 

-brangle, uoe em-*, 
imbr/ex*, a gutter tile ; pi. 

imbroglio/*,/*/, -s, «o/em-, 

pron. im-bro'lyo (not ital.). 
im/brue*, -brute*, -bue*, 

not em-. 
I.M.D., Indian Medical 

im Jabre (Ger.), in the 

year ; abbr. i. J. 
immanent*, inherent {see 

also immi-). 



immaterialize*, not -ise. 
immeasurabl/e*, -y*. 
Immedia tkommission 

(Ger. f.), a royal commis- 

immesh, use en-*. 

imminent*, coming on 
soon {see also imma-). 

immobile* (not ital,). 

immobiliz/e*, -ation*. 

immortalize*, not -ise. 

immortelle *, an ever- 
lasting flower (not ital.). 

immov/able*, -ability*, 
-ableness*, -ably*. 

immunize*, «o/ -ise. 

I.M.N.S., Imperial Military 
Nursing Service. 

imp., imperative, imperial, 
impersonal, imported, -er, 

impair*, not em-. 

impale/*, -ment*, not 

impa/nel, -nnel, use em- 

impassable*, not to be 

impasse*, a blind alley 
(not ital.). 

impassible*, insensible. 

impassion*, not em-. 

impasto*, the thick laying 
on of colour. 

impedance* (elec), hin- 
drance (not ital.). 

impediment/a*, baggage; 
stng. -iim (not ital.). 

impel/*, -led*, -ling*. 

imperative, abbr. imp. 

imperatlor* (Lat.), fem. 
'rix *, absolute ruler ; 
abbr. I. 

imperf., imperfect, (stamps) 

imperfect, abbr. imp. 

imperial, abbr. imp. 

imperial/ (double), print- 
ing paper, 44 x 30 in. ; — 
folio, 22 X 15; — octavo, 
11X7V2; — quarto, 
15 X II {see also books). 

Imperial (Ger. typ. n.), 
nine-hne pica type (cap.). 

imperialize*, not -ise. 
imperil/*, -led*, -Irag. 
imperium in imperio* 

(Lat.), an empire w^ithin 
an empire. 

impersonal, abbr. imp. 

itnpliee *, a sugar-cane, not 
-fe, -phie. 

impicture, use em-*. 

impierce, use em- *. 

implicite (Lat.), by impli- 

import/ed, -er, abbr. imp. 

impose* (typ.), to arrange 
pages of type in a " form," 
so that they will read 
consecutively when the 
printed sheet is folded. 

impostor*, not -er. 

impresa (It.), an under- 

impresario* (one s) (not 

itnpressa (It.), an imprint. 

impression* (typ.), the 
degree of pressure on a 
sheet in the printing 
press ; the imprint of 
type, etc., as "a good 
impression " ; a printed 
copy ; an edition ; print- 
ing (see also title pages). 

imprimatur*, sanction; 
abbr. imp. (not ital.). 

imprimler (Fr.), to print; 
'Crie, f. printing oflSce ; 
-ear, m. printer. 

imprimis* (Lat.), in the 
first place, not in primis 

imprint* (printer's), 
the name of the printer 
and place of printing at 
the end of a book, or on 
the back of the title page 
(O.E.D.). Necessary by 
Act of Parliament: if 
omitted, payment not re- 
coverable by law. To be 
on all parliamentary and 
municipal election work, 
even on post cards. — 
(publisher's), the name 
of the publisher, place of 



publication, and date, 
usually printed at the foot 
of the title page (O.E.D.) 
{see also title page). 

impromptu/*, pi. -s (not 

improvisat/e*, to extem- 
porize ; m. -ore*, /em. 
-rice*, pi. -ori* (not ital.) 
(one v). 

improvise*, noi -ize. 

I.M.S., Indian Medical 
Service ; (Ger.), Ihrer 
Majestdt Schiff (Her 
Majesty's Ship). 

In* (chem.), indium, 

in., inch, -es. 
, in (Ger.), in, into. 

-in* (chem.), a suffix to 
names of neutral sub- 
stances {see also -ine). 

in\ abstracto* (Lat.), in 
the abstract; — actu, 
in reality ; — xternum, 
for ever ; — alio loco, 
in another place. 

inamorat/o*,/^w. -a*, a 
lover, not en- (not ital.) 
{see also inn-). 

in articulo mortis * { Lat. ) , 
at the moment of death. 

inasmuch* (one word). 

in banco* (Lat.), before a 
quorum of judges. 

Inbegriff (Ger. m.), epit- 
ome, inclusion (cap.). 

Inca*, one of the royal 
race of Peru, not Y-. 

in caslo quies (Lat.), in 
heaven (is) rest, not coe-. 

incage, use en-*. 

in] camera* (Lat."!, not in 
open court; — capite*, 
holding direct from the 

incase, use en-*. 

inj catliedra* (Lat.), in 
the chair of office ; — 
cautelam, for a warning. 

incavo (It.), the incised 
part of an intaglio. 

inch*, in metric system 25-4 
millimetres ; pi. -es, abbr. 
in., sign ". 

inehase, use en- *. 
Inchcape Rock (two 

inchmeal*, little by little. 
in Cliristi nomine (Lat.), 

in Christ's name; abbr. 


incipitj* (Lat.), (here) 

begins ; -lir, it is begun, 
incise*, not -ize. 
incl., including, inclusive. 
incl. (Fr.), indusivetnent 

inclasp, use en-*, 
incloister, use en- *. 
inclose, etc., use en- *. 
including, abbr. incl. 
** In Casna Domini," 

celebrated papal bull. 
Incogniti cricket club, 
incognit/o*, pi. -i*, /em. 

-a*, pi. -ae ; abbr. incog, 
incognizable*, «o/-isable. 
income-tax* (hyphen). 
inj commendam* (Lat.), 

temporarily holding a 

vacant benefice ; — COn- 

cretO*, in the concrete. 
inconnuj (Fr.), /em. -e, 

incor., incorporated, 
increas/ed, -ing, abbr. 

incroach, use en-*, 
incrust, use en- *. 
incrystal*, not en-. 
incubous*(bot.) (not ital.). 
incub/us *, an oppression ; 

incumber, etc., use en-*. 
incunabulja *,sing. -urn *, 

the earliest examples of 

any art ; (bibliog.) books 

printed before 1500. 
incur/*, -red*, -ring*. 
in curia (Lat.), in open 

incujs* (zool.), pi. -des. 
in custodia legis (Lat.), 

in legal custody. 
Ind, poetical for India (no 

Ind., India, -n, off. abbr. 

for Indiana. 
177 12 


ind., independent, index, 

I.N.D., in nomine Dei (in 
the name of God). 

in das (Ger. n,), into the; 
abbr. ins. 

indeclinable, abbr. in- 

indefatigabl/e,* -y*. 

indefeasible*, not -able. 

indefensible *. 

indefinite, abbr. indef. 

indelible*, «o/-able, -eble. 

in deliciis * (Lat), in affec- 

in dem (Ger. m. and n.), in 
the ; abbr. im. 

tndemni/fy*, -ty, not en-. 

indent* (typ.), to begin a 
line, or lines, with a 
blank space. 

indention* (hanging or 
reverse) (typ.), the first 
line full out, those follow- 
ing indented, as here. 

indenture*, not en-. 

independ/enoe *, - ent *, 
abbr. ind. 

Independence Day*, 
U.S.A., 4 July* 

in deposito* (Lat), in 

index/*, pi. -es*, abbr. 
ind. To make the catch- 
•word of each entry prom- 
inent it should be printed 
in a special fount such as 
clarendon. A colon 
after catchword, a comma 
between last word of entry 
and first figure of volume 
or page, also between 
pages when there are 
more than one. A semi- 
colon between each entry 
under same catchword. 
The volume, when more 
than one, to be in roman 
lower-case numerals, i, ii, 
to be followed by comma. 
First line of each par. to be 
full width of measure, sub- 
sequent lines indented (in 
small type, one en or em). 


ind/ex * (math.), pi. -ices*; 

— (typ. ) the hand $&" used 
to point out a passage, 
etc., or to call attention. 

•• Index/ Expurgator- 
ius"* (Lat.), index of 
the passages to be ex- 
punged ; *• — Librorum/ 
Expurgandonim " * 
(R.C.C.), a list of 
books which may be read 
only in expurgated edi- 
tions ; «* Prohibi- 

torum»** (R.C.C.), a 
list of books which the 
Church forbids to be 

indexj rerum (Lat.), an 
index of things ; — ver- 
boruaiy ditto of words. 

India/, -n, abbr. Ind. 

India/man* (naut.), pL 

india matting. 

Indiana, offic. abbr. Ind. 

Indianapolis, U.S.A. 

Indian/Army, abbr. I. A. ; 

— Civil Service, I.C.S. 
Indian/ com, — ink, not 

india — (not cap.). 

indian red*. 

Indian/ Empire, abbr. 
I.E. ; — Territory, 
U.S.A., off. abbr. Ind.T. 

India paper*, generally 
imported from China (!), 
not -ian (no hyphen) ; 

Oxford* , a very 

thin, tough, opaque print- 
ing-paper made by the 
Oxford University Press 
(O.E.D.); India proof *, 
one printed on India 
paper (cap. /). 

india-rubber* (hyphen). 

indicated horse-power, 
abbr. i.h.p. 

indication, abbr. ind. 

indicative, abbr. indie. 

ind/ices * (math. ), not 
-exes ; sing, -ex *. 

indicilum*, a sign; pL 

indicter*, not -or. 


indigestible*, mo/ -able. 

indiscreet *, injudicious. 

indiscrete*, not divided 
into distinct parts. 

in disparte (It.), aside. 

indispensable*, «o/-ible. 

indium*, symbol In*. 

individualize*, Mo/-ise. 

indivldujum* (Lat.), the 
indivisible ; pi. -a*. 

Ind. Meth., Independent 

Indo-European *, abbr. 
I.E., or Indo-Eur. 

Indo- German/*, -ic*, 
abbr. I.G., or Indo- 

indoor/*, -s* (one word). 

indorse, etc., use en-*. 

Indostan, use Hindu-. 

indraught*, not -aft. 

Ind.T., offic. abbr. for 
Indian Territory, U.S.A. 

in dubio* (Lat.), in doubt. 


induction*, not -xion. 

indu/e, -re, use en- *. 

in dupJo (Lat.), in dupli- 

-ine* (chem.), a suflSx re- 
stricted to names of 
alkaloids and basic sub- 
stances {see also -in). 

inSditj, fern, -e (Fr.), un- 

inedita (Lat.), unpublished 

ineffaceable *. 

in equilibrio* (Lat.), in 

inertia* (not ital.), but vis 

inj esse* (Lat.), actually 
existing; — excelsis*, in 
the highest (degree) ; — 
extenso*, at full length ; 
— extremis *, at the very 
point of death. 

in f., in fine (finally). 

inf., infantry, infinitive. 

inf., infra (below). 

in facie] curias (Lat.), 

before the court ; 

ecciesias, ditto Church. 

infallibilist*, not -blist. 

Infanta *, dau. of King and 
Queen of Spain ; In- 
fante *, younger son of 

infantry, abbr. inf. 

infected area, abbr. I.A. 

infer/*, -red*, -ring*. 

infer/able*, deducible, not 
-ible, -rable, -rible. 

inferior characters 

(typ.), those set below 
the line, as in chem. 
formulae; thus 1.2. a. b. 

inferr/able, -ibie, use 

in fidem copias (Lat.), 
true copy. 

in fieri* (Lat.), in course 
of completion. 

infima species (Lat.), pi. 
infimas —. 

infin., infinitive. 

in fine*, finally ; abbr. in f. 
(not ital.). 

infinitive, abbr. inf., or 

in flagrante delicto* 
(Lat), in the very act of 
committing the offence. 

inflatable*, not -eable. 

inflater*, not -or. 

inflexion *, not -ction. 

infold, etc., «s^en-*. 

in- folio (Fr. m.), folio. 

inforce, etc., use en-*. 

in forma pauperis* 
(Lat.), as a pauper. 

in fbrol conscientias* 
(Lat), in the court of 
conscience ; — — do- 
mesticOy in a domestic, 

not foreign, court ; 

secularly in a secular 

infraj (Lat), below, abbr. 
inf. ; — dignitatem *, 
undignified, abbr. infra 

infula*, the ribbons of a 
bishop's mitre. 

in fumo* (Lat.), in smoke. 

infuser*, not -or. 

infusorijum*, pi. -a*. 

79 12* 


in tuturo (Lat), in, or for, 
the future. 

Ingelow (Jean), 1820-97, 

^ poetess. 

in genere* (Lat.), in kind. 

ingenieur civil (Fr. m.), 
civil engineer. 

ingenue (Fr. f.), an artless 

ingesta*, food, etc. (not 

Ingestre, Staffs, pron. 
in'ges-trS {g, as in go.) 

ingle-nook*, chimney 
corner (hyphen). 

•* Ingoldsby Legends,** 
by R. H. Barham, 1840. 

ingraft, ingrain (verb), 
use en-*. 

ingrain* (adj.) (one word). 

in gremio legis (Lat.), in 
the lap of the law. 

in/groove, -gross, -gulf, 
use en- *. 

inhabitant, abbr. inhab. 

in liac parte (Lat.), on 
this part. 

Inlialt (Ger. m.), contents. 

inbalisverzeiclinis (Ger. 
n.),tableof contents (cap.). 
Index in Ger. is called 

inherit*, etc., not en-. 

in] tioc (Lat.), in this re- 
spect ; — hoc salus, safe- 
ty in this; — infinitum*, 
for ever ; — initio, in the 
beginning, abbr. in init. ; 
— integrum, entire ; — 
invidiam f to excite 
prejudice ; — invitum, 

I.N.I., in nomine lesu (in 
the name of Jesus). 

Inisfail, use Inn-. 

inisle, use en- *. 

initial/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

initials (typ.), not to be 
separated by end of Une. 
{See also capitalization, 

in jure (Lat.), in law. 

injurija (Lat.), a wrong; 
pi. -as. 

Inkermann, Crimea, not 

ink/pot*, -stand* (one 

in\ limine* (Lat.), at the 

outset, abbr. in lim, ; — 

loco*, in place of; 

— loco citato, in the 
place cited, abbr. loc. 
cit. ; — loco parentis *, 
in the position of parent ; 

— medias res*, into 
the midst of affairs ; — 
medio*, in the middle; 

— medio tutissimus 
ibis, the middle course 
is safest; — memo- 
riam*, in memory (of). 

innamoratjo*, fem. -a*, 

mod. It. spelling of 

inam- *. 
Innenseite (Ger. typ. £), 

the inside of a sheet. 
inner (typ.), that side of 

a sheet containing the 

second page. 
innerlialb (Ger.), within. 
Innes (C), 1798-1874, Sc. 

Inness (G.)> 1825-94, 

Amer. painter. 
innigsten Dank (Ger. 

accus.), warmest thanks. 
Innisfail, poet, for Ireland, 

not Ini-. 
Inniskilling/ Dragoons, 

— Fusiliers {see also 

innkeeper* (one word). 

Innocents* Day*, 28 
December (caps.). 

innoculate, use ino-*. 

innocuous*, harmless. 

inj nomine (Lat.), in the 
name (of a person) ; — 
notis (Lat.), in the notes. 

innoxious*, harmless. 

inns (names of), when 
cited, if ambiguous, to be 
roman double-quoted. 

Inns of Court*(the),Inner 
Temple, Middle Temple, 
Lincohi's Inn, Gray's 



JnJ Bubibus* (Lat.), in 
the clouds ; — nuce, in 
a nutshell. 

innuendo/*, pi. -es*, not 
inu- (not ital.). 

Innuit (Eskimo). 

in-octavo (Fr.), octavo. 

inoculate*, not en-, inn-. 

in ovo (Lat.), undeveloped. 

inoxidize*, «o/-ise. 

inj pace (Lat.), in peace; 

— pari materia, in an 
analogous case ; — parti- 
bus infidelium*, in the 
regions of unbelievers, 
abbr. i.p.i., or in par- 

in-patient* (hyphen). 

in] pectore (Lat.), in re- 
serve ; — perpetuum *, 
forever ; — persona, in 
person ; — pettO* (It.), in 
reserve; — piccolo (It.), 
in Httle ; —piano * (Lat.), 
on a plane surface ; 

— pontificaiibus*, in 
the proper vestments ; 

— posse*, potentially; 
— - posterunif for the 
future; — potentia*, 
potentially ',—prassenti, 
now ; — prxsentia, for 
the present ; — primis, 
use imprimis* ; — prin^ 
cipio*, in the beginning, 
abbr. in pr. ; — propria 
causa, in his, or her, 
own suit ; — propria 
persona*, in his, or 
her, own person; — 
prospectu, in prospect ; 

— puris naturalibus*, 

in-quarto * (Fr. m.), quarto. 

inquir/e*, -y*, not en-. 

inj re* (Lat.), in the matter 
of; — rem (law), relating 
to a matter ; — rerum 
natura*, in the. nature of 

I.N.R.I., lesus Nasarenusy 
Rex Judseorunt (Jesus of 
Nazareth, King of the 

inroll, use enrol*. 

Ins., Inspector. 

ins., insurance. 

ins (Ger.), in das (into the). 

in sascula saeculorum* 
(Lat.), for ever and ever. 

insoonce, use en- *. 

insculpture*, not en-. 

in se (Lat.), in itself, in 

insecta* is pi, not -se. 

in-seize (Fr.), i6mo. 

Insel {Ger. f.), island (cap.). 

insert* (typ.), an add- 
itional sentence or para- 
graph added to a proof 
to be inserted in the 
revise or final proof. 

inset* (typ.), to insert as 
an inset; an extra page 
or set of pages inserted 
in a proof, or book; an 
advertisement on a separ- 
ate leaf inserted in a maga- 
zine (O.E.D.) ; one folded 
sheet laid inside another. 

inset/*, -ted*, -ting*. 

inside/ (typ.), that side of 
a sheet containing the 
second page; — quires 
or reams (typ.), those 
with perfect sheets. 

insignia* is pi. (not ital.). 

insisten/ce*,-t*, «o/-ance, 

in situ* (Lat.), in posi- 

insnare, use en- *. 

in solido (Lat.), entirely. 

insomnia*, sleeplessness. 

insoucian/ce *, careless- 
ness ; -t*, careless (not 

insoijd, use en-*. 

in specie* (Lat.), in the 
precise form. 

Inspector, abbr. Ins. 

Inspector- General, abbr. 
I.G., or Ins.-Gen. ; 
ditto of FortifLoations, 


I.N.S.T., in nomine Sancias 
Trinitatis (in the name of 
the Holy Trinity). 



inst., instant, institute, -s, 

install* (two Ps), not en-. 

instalment* (one /). 

instant, of this month, 
abbr. inst. — should not 
be printed. 

instanter* (Lat.), at once 

instar omnium (Lat), 
worth all the rest 

in statu J pupillari (Lat), 
in a condition of pupil- 
age ; quo {ante, 

prius, or nunc) *, in the 
same state (as formerly or 

Inst.CE., Institution of 
Civil Engineers. 

instil/*, not -11; -led*, 

Institut de France, the 
association of the five 
French Academies. 

institut/e, -es, -ion, abbr. 

Institute of Actuaries, 
abbr. Inst. Act. ; ditto 
Marine Engineers, 

Institution of Civil 
Engineers, abbr. Inst. 
C.E. ; ditto Electrical 
Engineers, Inst.E.E. ; 
ditto Mechanical En- 
gineers, Inst.Mech.E.; 
ditto Naval Archi- 
tects, Inst.!N".A. 

insti tutor*, not -er. 

instructor*, not -er. 

instrument/, -al, abbr. 

insurance*, "the present 
usage is to differentiate 
life assurance, and fire 
and marine insurance " 
(O.E.D.); abbr. ins. 

insw^athe, use en-*. 

int., interest, interior, 
interjection, interpreter. 

int (Fr.), inte'ret (interest). 

intaglio/*, incised design, 
pi. -S* (not ital.); — 
printing, that done 

from an incised plate, or 
the reverse of ordinary 
printing , pron. in-tal'yo. 

integration (sign of), f. 

intellectualize*, not -ise. 

in tenebris* (Lat.), in a 
state of doubt;/>n)H.te-ng-. 

intens., intensive, intens- 

inter/*, to bury; -red*, 

inter, (typ.), abbr. for in- 
terrogation mark. 

interl* (Lat), between; 
— alia*, among other 
things ; — aiiOS *, among 
other persons ; — canem 
et lupum, between the 
dog and the wolf. 

interest, abbr. int. ; in Fr. 
m. intSreL 

interim * (Lat.), meanwhile 

interim (in the)* (not 

interior, abbr. int. 

interjection, abbr. int., or 

interleaf*, an extra leaf, 
usually blank, inserted 
between the regular 
leaves of a book (O.E.D.); 
pi. interleaves*. 

interiigner (Fr. typ.), to 
insert leads. 

interlinear matter (typ.), 
small type between lines 
of larger {see also quota- 

intermarr/iage*, -y* 
(one w^ord). 

intermedi/um*, pi. -a* 
(not ital.). 

in terminis* (Lat), in 
express terms. 

intermit/ *, -ted *, -ting *. 

Internat (Fr., Gen), board- 
ing-school (Ger. cap.). 

internationalize*, wo^ise. 

inter nos * (Lat), between 

interoceanic * (one word). 

interpose*, not en-. 

interpret*, not en-. 



interpreter*, abbr. int. 
Interpunktion (Ger. typ. 

f.), punctuation (cap.). 
interregnum/*, pi. -s * 

(not ital.). 
interrog., interrogation, 

-ative, -atively. 
interrogation point (?), 

abbr. inter, (see punc- 
tuation, XVIII). 
la terrorem* (Lat.), as a 

interrupter*, not -or. 
interj se* (Lat.), among, 

or between, themselves ; 

— vivos, during lifetime, 
interspacing of letters 

(typ.), shown in MS. by a 
line between each, and in 
margin :^. 

in testimonium (Lat.), in 

inthra/1, -U, use enthral*. 

not-U. » 
intitule*, etc., not en-, bui 

into (typ.), not to be 

intonaco*, plaster surface 

in totol* (Lat.), entirely; 

— — cxlo, as far as 

intraj (Lat.), within; — 
muros, privately. 

intrans., intransitive. 

in trans,, in transitu (on 
the way). 

intransigent* (adj.), irre- 
concilable ; in Fr. in- 
transigeantim. and adj.) 
(no accent). 

in transitu* (Lat.), on the 
way ; abbr. in trans. 

intrap, use en- *. 

intra vires (Lat.), within 
one's powers. 

intreat, use en- *. 

intrench, use en- *. 

intrigantl*{Fr.),/em. -e*, 
intriguer (ital.). 

introduction, abbr. in- 
trod. {see also prelim- 
inary matter). 


intrust, use en- *. 

intuitu (Lat.), in respect of. 



inuendo, use inn- *. 

inure*, not en-. 

inf usu (Lat.), in use ; -- 

Utero, in the womb ; — 

utroque jure, under 

both laws(canon and civil) . 
iny., invenit (designed it), 

invented, -or, invoice. 
in\ vacuo* (Lat.), in 

empty space ; — vadio, 

in pledge. 
Invalides (H6tel des), 

inveigh*, not en-, 
inveigle*, «o/en-. 
invenit (Lat.), designed it ; 

abbr. inv. 
invented, abbr. inv. 
inventor*, «o^-er;abbr. 

in ventre (Lat.), in the 

Inveraray, the Duke of 

Argyll's residence (not 

^ -ry). 

Inverness-shire (hy- 

Invertebrata*, is plural. 

inverted commas {see 
quotation marks). 

Inverurie, Aberdeen. 

in vino Veritas (Lat.), a 
drunken man speaks the 

invoice, abbr. inv. 


in wall, use en- *. 

inweave*, not en-. 

inwind, inwrap, in- 
wreathe, use en- *. 

I.O., India OflBce. 

io* (Gr., Lat.), exclamation 
of triumph (ital.). 

iodine*, symbol I*. 

I.O.F., Independent Order 
of Foresters ; I. of A., 
Instructor of Artillery; 
I. of M., Instructor of 
Musketry; I.O.G.T., In- 
dependent Order of Good 

I.O.M. — ISIi. 

Templars ; I.O.M., Isle 

of Man. 
Ion., Ionic, 
ionicize*, not -ise. 
ionize* (phys.), to convert 

into an ion, not -ise. 
I.O.O.F., Independent 

Order of Odd Fellows. 
I.O.R., Independent Order 

of Rechabites. 
iota*, the Gr. » (0 (no dot). 
IOU*,Ioweyou (no points). 
low^a, offic. abbr. la. 
I.P.D. (Sc. law), In prx- 

sentia Domtnorunt (in the 

presence of the Lords [of 

ipecacuanha* (bot.,raed.). 
i.p.i., in partibus infideliunt 

(in the regions of un- 
ipomoea* (bot.), not -aea, 

ipse]* (Lat.), himself; — 

dixit* f a dogmatic asser- 
ipslsslma verba (Lat.), 

the very words. 
ipso] facto* (Lat.), by the 

fact itself; — jure, by 

the law itself. 
y.g., idem quod (the same 

as ) ; /. q, e. d. , id quod erat 

demonstrandum (that 

which was to be proved). 
Iquique, Chile ; pron. e- 

I.R., Inland Revenue. 
Ir*, iridium. 
Ir., Irish. 
trade* (Turk.), a written 

decree signed by the 

Sultan himself, not-t (not 

Iran/, local name for Persia; 

-ian*, -ic*, abbr. Iran. 
IrawadLi, river in Burma, 

not Irrawaddy. 
I.B..B., Irish Republican 

Ireland, abbr. Ire. 
Irena, Ireland personified. 
irenicon, use ei- *. 
iridescence*, etc. 

iridium*, symbol Ir*. 

iris/, pi. -es. 

Irish, abbr. Ir. 

Irishism*, not Iricism. 

Irkutsk, E. Siberia, not 
Irkoo-, Irkou-. 

Irlams - o' - th* - Height, 
town near Manchester. 

iriandaise (a /*) (Fr.), in 
Irish style (I.e. »). 

ironclad* (one word). 

iron-mould*, not -mold 

ironwork* (one word). 

Irra"svaddy, ws^Irawadi. 

irreconcilable *, not 

-eable, -iable. 

irrefragable*, «o/-ible. 

irreg., irregular, -ly. 


irresistibl/e*, -y*, not 
-able, -y. 

Irrtiimer vorbebaltea 
(Ger.), errors excepted. 

I.S., Irish Society. 

Is., Isaiah. 

Isaian*, of the prophet 
Isaiah, not Isaiahian. 

I.S.C, Indian Staff Corps. 

-ise, in accordance with the 
practice of the O.E.D., 
the following words in 
this book end in -ise : -ize 
being generally used: — 
advertise *, affranchise *, 
apprise * (to inform), chas- 
tise *, circumcise *, com- 
prise*, compromise *, de- 
mise*, despise*, devise*, 
disfranchise *, disguise *, 
emprise *, enfranchise *, 
enterprise*, excise*, ex- 
ercise *, franchise *, im- 
provise*, incise*, manu- 
mise*, merchandise*, 
premise * (logic and 
verb), prise* (to ' force 
open), reprise*, seise* 
(law), supervise*, sur- 
mise*, surprise*. 

Iseult, Tristram's lady- 
love, not the many varia- 

isl., island, -s, isle, -s. 



Islam*, the Moham. re- 
ligion ; pron, iss'lam (not 

island/, -s, abbr. I., o^'isl. ; 
(typ.) when with name 
to have cap.,asCapeVerd 
Islands, Isle of Man. In 
Fr. f. lie. 

Island (Ger. n.), Iceland; 
Islander, an Icelander. 

Islay, Argyl, not Isla; 
pron. I 'la. 

isle/, -s, abbr. I., or isl. 

Isle of/ Man.abbr. I.O.M.; 
Wight, abbr. I. W. 

Isleworth, pron. i'zel-. 

isn't*, is not; (typ.) to be 

' close up. 

I.S.O. (Companion of the) 
Imperial Service Order. 

isobar* (meteor.), not -re 
(not ital.). 

isola (It.), island. 

Iso/ld, -It, -Ite, -ulde, use 

isosoeles * (geom.). 

Ispravnlk (Russ.), local 
chief official, not ispraw-. 

I spy. game, use hy-spy*. 

ist (Ger.), is. 

Istdmbul, name on coins 
of Constantinople. 

I.T., Indian Territory, N. 
Amer. ; offic. abbr.Ind.T. 

It., Italian, Italy. 

ital., italic. 

Italian* (typ.),same alpha- 
bet as Eng., omitting 
k, w, X, y. Punctuation 
nearly as Fr. Letter/ a 
vowel when at end of 
word, as iempj ; the / 
sounding like e-e quick- 
ly pronounced together. 
There are two accents, 
grave * and acute ' : any 
vowel may have either. 
Plural of nouns is formed 
by changing the final 
o or ^ into i ; fem. nouns 
ending in a change it to e. 
The apostrophe is fre- 
quently used for the vowel 
at the end of a word when 

the next word begins with 
a vowel ; a space is put be- 
tween the apostrophe and 
the next word. Division 
of words as in French ; 
abbr. It. 

italic* (typ.), a style of 
type as this, in which the 
letters slope upwards to the 
right. Marked in MS. by 
one line underneath. It 
should be used only for : 
(i) words and phrases 
not naturalized (as marked 
in this work by being 
printed in clarendon 
italic type)j (2) giving 
emphasis, (3) hot. and 
zool. species, and genera, 
not the larger divisions, 
(4) words or letters, men- 
tioned by name, as the 
adjective ^oorf, the letter a, 
etc., (5) for distinguishing 
Eng. and foreign words 
spelt alike. There is no 
ital. in Ger. or Gr,, letters 
being interspaced in- 
stead ; abbr. ital, {See 
also quotation marks.) 

italice (Lat.), in Italian. 

italicize*, to print in 
italic type, not -ise. 

Italien (Ger. n.), Italy ; 
ItallenerCm.), an Italian. 

itallenne {h /') (Fr.), in 
Italian style (I.e. i). 

Italiot*, of the Gr. colony 
in S. Italy, not -ote. 

itallque (Fr. m.), italic type; 
(f.) italic letter. . 

Italy, abbr. It. ; in Ger. n. 

item*, a separate thing. 

/telli*(Lat.), also, likewise. 

it in., itinerary. 

it is I, it is me, both per- 
missible in speech, but lat- 
ter should not be printed. 

its*, pronoun (no apos.). 

it's,it is ; (typ.)to be close up. 

Ivan/ (Russ. name), not 
I wan ; — Grozny, ' • the 
terrible " Tsar, 1530-84. 



Ivanovitch (Ivan), nick- Ivybridge, Devon (one 

name for a Russian, as in word). 

Eng. John Bull. I."W., Isle of Wight. 

I*ve*, I have; (typ.) to be I.X., lesus Christus (Jesus 

close up. Christ). 

ivied*, clothed with ivy, I.Y., Imperial Yeomanry. 

not ivyed. -ize, see -ise. 

ivy*, pi. ivies*. I Zingari, cricket club. 

1 86 






J., judge, judex (judge), 
(after judge's name) Jus- 
tice, (elec.) joule, all 
proper names with this 
initial ; it is not used in 
the numeration of series ; 
(Ger.) Jahr (year) ; pron. 
in Eng. dzh, Fr. zh, Ger. 
y, Sp. h. 
J, (math.) a Jacobian de- 
terminant, (phys.) Joule's 
' mechanical equivalent of 

j (med. prescriptions), one. 
/. (Fr.),yaMr«a/ (newspaper). 
Ja (Ger.), yes ; pron. yah. 
J.A., Judge-Advocate. 
Jabalpur, use Jubbul- 

Jablochkojff candle. 
jabot* (Fr. dress, m.), a 

shirt frill. 
Jac, Jacobus (James). 
jacana*, an aquatic bird, 

no/ jaf-, jass-. 
jacconet, use j&co-*. 
Jacbt (Ger. f. ), yacht (cap. ). 
jackanapes * (one word), 
jackass*, a male ass. 
Jacke{Ger. f.),jacket(cap.). 
Jack-in-the-box* (hy- 
Jack Ketch*, the hang- 
man, not — Ca-, — Ki-. 
Jackson ( T. J., or 
" Stonewall"), 1824-63. 
Jaeob/ean*, of James I, 

noi -aean {see also -ian). 
Jacobi (C. T.), 1853-, 
writer on printing ; — 
(K.G. J.), 1804-51, Ger. 
math., pron. ja'kO-bS, in 
Ger. yah-ko'bg. 
Jacob/ian* (math.) {see 

also -ean). 
Jacobin*, not -ine. 
Jacobus, Lat. for James ; 
abbr. Jac. 

jaconet*, «o/ jacc-. 

Jacq. (hot.), J. F. Jacquin, 
1 766-1839 ; or N. J. Jac- 
quin, 1727-1817. 

Jacquard loom * (cap.). 

Jacquemart (Jules), 
1837-80, Fr. etcher. 

Jacques Bonhomme, 
good fellow James, pop- 
ular name for Fr. peasant. 

facta est alea (Lat.), the 
die is cast. 

jactation*, boasting. 

jactitation* (path.), rest- 
less tossing of the body. 

Jaeger clothing. 

J.A.G., Judge- Advocate- 

Jagerl* (Ger. m.), hunts- 
man, rifleman ; /ent. -in, 
not Y- (cap.). 

jag/gemaut, -anath, use 

jagbire*, Ind. land tenure, 
not -gheer, -geer, -gir. 

Jahn (F. L.), 1778-1852, 
"Turnvater" (father of 

Jabrj (Ger. n.), year, pi. -e, 
abbr. J. («o/ Ja-); -bucbj 
n. year-book; -esbericht, 
m. annual report (caps.). 

jabrlich (Ger. adj.), annual. 

Jahveh*, used by Bib. 
critics for Jehovah*. 

Jahvism*, religion of 
Jahveh, not -vehism, 
-veism, Yahwizm. 

jail/*, -er*, preferred to 
gaol/, -er. 

Jaipur, Ind., not Jey- 

Jakob, Ger. for Jacob, 
James; pron. yah-. 

Jakobstad, Finland. 

Jakobstadt, Courland. 

Jakobus {der Heillge) 
(Ger.), St James. 


Jakutsk, use Y-. 
Jalal/abad, -pur, Ind. 
Jalandhar, India, not 

jalloped (her.), wattled, 

«s^ jol-*. 
jalousie*, external win- 
dow shutter. 
jam/*, to pack tightly, not 

jamb; -med*, -ming* 

{see a/50 jamb). 
Jam., Jamaica. 
jama*, Ind. gown, not -ah, 

jarama, -h. 
jamadar, use Je- *. 
Jamaica*, abbr. Jam. 
jam.b*, a side post, as of 

a door {see also jam). 
jambonj (Fr. cook, m.), a 

ham ; -neatly small ham. 
James, abbr. J., or Jas. 
Jamesone (George), 

1588-1644, Sc. painter. 
Jajneson raid, S. Africa, 

Jameson's whisky, not 

James's Day* (St.), 25 

July (caps., apos.). 
Jamidarf use jema-*. 
Jamieson (tfohn), 1759- 

1838, Sc. lexicographer 

{see also 
jam satis (Lat.), enough 

by this time. 
Jan.*, January. 
jane, a fabric, m5? jean*, 
janizary*, Turk, soldier, 

not -issary. 
Jan Mayen, Arctic island. 
Janotha (Nathalie), 

1856-, pianist. 
Janowski (D.), 1868-, 

chess player. 
Jansen (Cornelius), 

1585-1638, founder of 

the Jansenists. 
Janssen (Cornelius), 

1590 -1665, painter; — 

(P.J.C.),i824-, Fr.astr. 
Janssens (Abraham), 

1569-1631, Du. painter. 
j anty, use j aunty *. 
January*, abbr. Jan.* 

Janvier (Fr. m.), January; 
abbr. janv. (not cap.). 

Jap*, a Japanese ',pl. -s (no 

Japan*, abbr. Jap. ; native 
name Nippon. 

japan/*, -ned*, -ner*, 
-ning* (not cap.\ 

Japanese/ *, abbr. Jap. ; — 
alphabet, has many 
diflFerent characters, but 
no explanation is here 
possible ; — paper, 
hand-made in Japan with 
vellum surface. Used for 
proofs of etchings and 

japanize*, to make Japan- 
ese, not -onize, -ise. 

Japheth, son of Noah. 

Jaques, in "As You Like 
It" ; pron. ja'qufiz. 

jar/*, -red*, -ring*. 

Jardin des Plantes, 
Paris, bot. and zool. 

jardinihre* (Fr. f.), orna- 
mental flower-pot. 

jargon*, a mineral, not 

jargonelle*, a pear, not 
-el (not ital.). 

jargonize*, etc., to talk 
jargon, not -ise. 

jarl*, old Dan. chieftain, 
not y- ; pron. yarl. 

Jaroslav, Russ., use Y-. 

jarrah*, mahogany gum- 

jarvey/*, car-driver, not 
-vie, -vy ; pi. -s. 

Jarvie (Bailie Nicol), in 
-'Rob Roy." 

Jas., James. 

jasey*, a wig, not -sy, -zey, 


Jashar (Book of), in 

Revised Version, not -er. 
Jasmin (Jacques), 1798- 

1864, Gascon poet, 
jasmine* (bot.), not -in, 

jessamine, -in. 
jaune* (Fr. m., and adj.), 




Jaunpur, N.W. India. 
jaunty*, not }an-. 
Jav., Javanese, 
javelle ■water, a bleacher, 
jaw-bone* (hyphen). 
fa wohl (Ger.), quite so. 
J.C., Julius Caesar, Juris- 

consultus (jurisconsult), 

J.-C. (Fr.), Jesus-Christ 

(Jesus Christ) (hyphen). 
J.C.D., Juris Civilis Doctor 

(Doctor of Civil Law). 
J.D., Junior Deacon, — 

Dean, Jurutn Doctor 

(Doctor of Laws). 
je (Fr.), I, not cap. except 
' at beginning of sentence, 

or after full stop. 
JeafFreson (J. Ckjrdy), 

1831-1901, writer. 
jean*, a twilled cotton, 

not jane ; pron. jane. 
Jeanne/ d'Arc (Fr.), Joan 

of Arc ; properly ' — 

Jean Potage, nickname 

for a Frenchman. 
Jeddah, Red Sea, use 

Jeden falls (Ger.), in any 

Jeejeebhoy (Sir Jamset- 

jee), 1 783-1859, Indian 

Jefferies (Richard), 

1848-87, naturalist. 

Jeffreys (George, 

Baron), 1648-89, the 

infamous judge ; — (Miss 

Ellis), actress. 
Jeffries (Maud), actress. 
Jehlam, Punjab, not 

je-ho, call to horses, use 

Jehovah*, Bib. critics use 

jehup, call to horses, use 

gee-up *. 
jejune*, uninteresting (not 


"Jekyll (Dr.) and Mr. 

Hyde (Strange Case 

of),** by R. L. Stevenson. 
Jelalabad, Afghanistan, 

not Jella-. 
jelick* (Turk.), woman's 

bodice, mo/ jell-. 
Jellalabad, use Jela-. 
jellify*, to convert into 

jelly, not -yfy. 
jelly-jash* (hyphen). 
Jemadar* (Hind.), native 

sepoy officer, not jama-, 

jami- (not cap.). 
Jemappes (battle of), 

1792 ; in Fr. Jemmapes. 
Jena, Prussia ; pron. ya'na. 
Je/ie/lser(Ger.), inhabitant 

of Jena (cap.). 
jener (Ger. m.), that, that 

je ne saisj quoi* (Fr.), an 

indescribable something ; 

— — — trop, I don't 

exactly know. 
Jenissei, use Yenisei. 
Jenkin (Fleeming), 

1833-85, physicist, 
jennet*, a Sp. horse, not 

genit, gennet, -tt {see also 

Jenseits (das) (Ger.), the 

other world (cap.). 
jeopardize*, «o/-ise. 
Jephthah, judge of Israel, 
jequirity*, a shrub, not 

Jer., Jeremiah. 
jeremiad*, a lamentation, 

not -de. 
Jerez, Spain, use Xeres. 
jerfalcon, ms^ ger-*. 
Jeroboam*, wine-bottle 

containing 10-12 quarts. 
J§r6me Bonaparte, 1784 

-i860, bro. of Napoleon 1. 
jerry-builder* (hyphen). 
jerrymander, use g-*. 
Jervaulx Abbey, Yorks, 

pron. jar'vis. 
Jervis, pron. jar'vis. 
Jes., Jesus. 

Jesaias, Ger. for Isaiah, 
j ess/ *, hawk strap ; pi. -es *. 



jessamin/, -e, use jas- 

Jessopp (Rev. Augustus, 
D.D.), 1824-, writer. 

Jessor, Bengal. 

Jesuits (Order of), So- 
ctetas Jesu (Society of 
Jesus) ; abbr. S.J. 

Jesus*, abbr. J., or Jes. 

jet-black* (hyphen). 

jet d*eau* (Fr. m.), jet of 
water ; pi. jets — *. 

jetS (Fr. m.), a dance step. 

jet6e (Fr. f.), a jetty. 

jetsam* (naut.), goods 
thrown overboard, not 
-som, -some, -son {see 
a/50 jettison). 

jettison* (naut.), the act 
of throwing goods over- 
board {see a/so jetsam). 

jetzt (Ger.), now. 

jeul* (Fr.m.),game,/./.-x*; 

— de mains, a practical 
joke ; — demots*, a pun ; 

— d* esprit*, a witty 
trifle ; — de SC^ne, or 

— de tb^atre, claptrap. 
jeune premier (Fr.), stage 

jeunesse dorSe (Fr. f.), 

gilded youth, 
jewel/*, -led *, -ler *, 

-lery* (two Ts). 
jews* harp*, «o^je w's — ; 

pi. je-ws* harps. 
Jeypore,India,«5^ Jaipur. 
/Aee/*(Ind.),apool, «o/jhil. 
Jhelum, Punjab, use Jeh- 

Jhind, Punjab, use Jind. 
JHS, use IHS *. 
jib*, of a horse, also a sail, not 

jibb {see also gibe, gybe), 
jibber, to chatter, useg-*, 
jibe, see gibe, gybe, jib. 
jiblet, use g'*. 
Jiddah, Red Sea, not Je-. 
jifiy *, a short time, not -ey. 
jig-a-jog*, reiteration of 

jerky movements, not 

jickajog, jigjog. 
jigger, W. Ind. insect, use 


jigjog, Ms« jig-a-jog*. 

jigot, see gigot. 

Jill (Jack and), ws^Gill*. 

jilliflo"wer, «5^ gilly-*. 

jimcrack, useg-*. 

Jind, Punjab, wo/Jh-. 

Jingo/*, a blatant patriot; 
pi. -es. 

jinn*, spirit of Mo ham. 
myth., «o^ djinn, ginn. 

jinricksha* (Jap.), a ve- 
hicle, not jenny-, jinny-, 
jinrickshaw, -rickisha, 

jiu-jitsu, Jap. phys. culture. 

JJ., justices. 

Jno., should not be used 
for John. 

Joao, Port, for John. 

Joannes, «s« johan-*. 

job (typ.), any work which 
makes less than one sheet. 

jobbing work (typ.), all 
except book and news- 
paper work. 

jobmaster* (one word). 

"Jock o* Hazeldean," 
by Sir W. Scott. 

jodel, usey-*. 

Jodhpur, Rajpootana. 

jog-trot*, without haste, 
Mo/job-, jock-, jogg-. 

Johann, Ger. for John; 
abbr. Joh. 

Johannean, of the Apostle 
John, use Johannine*. 

Johannes*, Port, coin, not 
joa- ; abbr. joe. 

Johannesburg, S. Africa. 

Johannisberg, Prussia. 

Johannisberger*, Rhine 
wine, «o/-berg (not ital.). 

Joliannisfest (Ger.), St. 
John's (Midsummer) Day. 

John*, abbr. J.: Jno. 
should not be used. 

John Dory*, a fish, not 
— -ey. 

Johnny Crapaud, nick- 
name for a Frenchman. 

John o* Groat's House, 

John-o*-th*-Tops, a town 
in Lanes (hyphens). 



Johns HopkinsUniver- 

sity, U.S.A., «o^ John — 

— (no apos.). 
Johnson (Samuel), 1709- 

84, wrote Dictionary, 

first edition 1755 {see also 

Johnsonese*, a stilted 

style, not Jon-. 
Johnstone, ^row.john'son. 
John the Baptist (caps.). 
joint, in Fr. cook. m. rdt, 

pi. -s. 
joint stock*, joint capital, 

etc, but hyphen usual 

when used as adjective. 
JTokai (Maurus), 1825- 

1894, Hun. writer. 
jolloped* (her.), wattled, 

not ja-. 
Jon., Jonathan. 
Jonkoping, town in Sw. 
jonquil*, a narcissus (not 

ital.); in Fr. f. jonquilte. 
Jonson (Benjamin — 

"Ben"), 1573-1637, 

dramatist (see also John- 
Jonsonese, ms^ John-*. 
Jordaens (Jakob), 1593- 

1678, Du. painter. 
Jorge, Sp. for George. 
** Jorrocks's Jaunts,*' by 

R. S. Surtees. 
jorum*, a large drinking 

vefesel or its contents, not 

Jos., Joseph. 
Josephine, first wife of 

Josh., Joshua, 
jostl/e*, to push ; -er*, 

-ing*, not]\x-. 
jot/*, -ted, -ting*, 
joule* (physics), unit of 

work ; abbr. J. 
jour., journal, journey, 

iourj (Fr. m.), day, abbr ./r.; 

— de feiCy a festival ;— </e 
Van, New Year's Day; 

— des morts, All Saints' 
Day, I Nov. ; — malgre, 
a fast day; k — , open 

work ; au four, by day- 

journal, abbr. jour. 

journlal (Fr. m.), pi. -aux, 
newspaper, abbr. /. ; Jour- 
nal intlme, a private 

journalize*, to keep a 
journal, not -ise. 

«« Journal Officiel," the 
Fr, ** Gazette" (caps.). 


joust, often used for jVLSt*. 

Jowari*, Indian millet, not 
the many variations. 

jowl*, «o^jole. 

J.P.*, Justice of the Peace, 
(law) corruption for "in 

J.K., Jacobus Rex (King 

jr., junior, ws^jun. 

/r. (Fr.),yoMr(day). 

Juan, Sp. for John. 

Jubbulpore, «o/ Jabalpur. 

Jucbten (Ger. m. or n.), 
russia leather (cap.). 

juck*, a partridge call, not 

J.tJ.D., Juris utn'usque 
Doctor (Doctor of both 
civil and canon law). 

Jud., Judith. 

jud., judicial. 

judaize*, to make Jewish. 

Judean, of Judea, not -aean. 

Judendeutsch (Ger. n.), 
Yiddish ; Judenbetze, 

/w</ejf(Lat.), judge ; abbr. J. 

Judge/, abbr. J. ; ^ -Ad- 
vocate/, abbr. J.A. ; — 
— - General, abbr. 
J.A.G. (caps., hyphens). 

Judges (Old Test.), not 

to be abbreviated. 
judgment, not judge-:. 

Judgment Day (caps.). 
judicial/, abbr. jud. ; 
-ize*, to treat judicially. 

judicium Dei (Lat.), 
judgment of God. . 

Judith, abbr. J., or Jud. 

Jue\x (Sp.), judge;//, -ces. 




jug/*, -ged*, -ging*. 

Jugef de paix (^Fr. m.), 
justice of the peace ; — 
d* instruction y examin- 
ing magistrate. 

juggernaut*, not jagg-, 
jagannath, jagnath (not 

jugular* vein. 

juillet (Fr. m.), July (not 

juin (Fr. m.), June (not 

juke, M5.?juck*. 

julep*, a drink, not -ap, -eb. 

Julian/, "the Apostate," 
331-63 ; — Alps, E. 

Julien(S. A.), 1799-1873, 
Fr. Chinese scholar. 

Julien (Saint-), a claret 

julienne* (Fr. f.), a thin 
soup, also a pear. 

Jullien (Louis Antoine), 
1812-60, mus. conductor. 

Jullundur, use Jalan- 

July, not to be abbrevi- 

jumbal*, a sweet cake, not 
-ble (not ital.). 

Jumelle* (Fr. f. pi.), 
opera- glass. 

Jun., Junius. 

jun.*, junior. 

junctim, compromise be- 
tween Austrian political 

junction, abbr. junc. 

June, not to be abbreviated. 

Jange (Ger. m.), boy, ap- 
prentice ; JUnger, dis- 
ciple ; Jangling f young 
man (cap.). 

junior, abbr. jun.*, not 
jnr., jr., junr. ; J. Smith, 
jun., Esq., not Esq., jun. 

Junlcer* (Ger. m.), a young 
squire or noble (cap.). 

junket/*, -ed, -ing*. 

junta* (It., Sp.), an 
assembly (not ital.). 

Junto, the Whig chiefs in 

reigns of William and 

junto*, a club or assembly 

(not ital.\ 
jupe* (Fr. dress, f.), jupon* 

(m.), a skirt or petticoat. 
Jurassic* (cap., not ital.). 
jurel divino* (Lat.), by 

divine right ; — liumano, 

by^uman law. 
Juris utriusque Doctor 

(Lat.), Doctor of both 

civil and canon law ; abbr. 

jurisp., jurisprudence. 
Jus (Fr. cook, m.), gravy. 
jusj canonicum (Lat.), 

canon law ; — civile, 

civil — ; — divinum, 

divine — ; — gentium, 

law of nations ; — gladii, 

the right of the sword. 
Jusjurandum, an oath. 
Jusj mariti (Lat.), right of 

husband to wife's pro- 
perty ; — natures t law 

of nature. 
jusqu'k (Fr.), to, until. 
Jusque ik (Fr.), so far. 
Jus relictse (Lat.), right of 

the widow. 
Jussieu (Adrien de), 

1797-1853, bot., abbr. 

Juss. ; — (Ant Dine 

Laurent de), 1748- 

1836, bot. 
Just., Justinian, 
just/*, a knightly combat ; 

-er*, -ing* ; but joust 

often used. 
Juste milieu (Fr. m.), the 

golden mean. 
Justice, a judge ; abbr. 

J., pi. JJ. 
Justice- Clerk* (Lord), 

second highest Sc. judge 

(caps.); abbr. J.C. 
Justice - General * 

(Lord), highest Sc. judge 

Justice of the Peace, 

abbr. J.P.* 
justiciar/*, -y*, a judge, 

not -er, -itiar (not ital.). 



Justiciary (High Court 

of)*, supreme Sc. criminal 

Justiening (Ger. typ.), 

justification* (typ.)> the 
even and equal spacing 
of words and lines to 
a given measure. 

justify* (typ.), to space 
out properly a line of 
type in the compos- 
ing stick ; so to adjust 
types of smaller and 

larger bodies that they 

exactly range. 
Justinian, abbr. Just, 
just/itiar, use -iciar*. 
Justlz (Ger. f.), justice, 
justle, use joa-*. 
Jusioj tempore (Lat.), at 

the right time ; — titulo, 

jut/*, -ted, -ting*, 
juvenesoen/ce*, -t. 
i*y suis etjy reste (Fr.), 

here I am and here I 





m^ ^ 




K., king, -s, the tenth in 
a series, all proper names 
with this initial, (assay- 
ing) carat. 

K (astr.), the solar constant, 
(chem.) kalium (potas- 
sium), (chess) king, (elec.) 

k. (meteor.), cumulus. 

k* (astr.), Gauss's constant 

K.A. (Russ.), Knight of 
St. Andrew. 

Kaaba, the most sacred 
shrine at Mecca, use C-. 

kaan, ws^khan*. 

kaava, use kava*. 

kabbala, usee-*. 

Kabul, Afghan., not C-. 

kadi. Oriental judge, use 

Kafir*, not KaflF-, Caffre. 

kaftan, use c- *. 

kaiak,kaik, ms^ caique*. 

kail, 5^^ kale*. 

kaiman, use cay-*. 

kainozoic, use c- *. 

Kaiser* (Ger. m.), em- 
peror ;/>roM. ky'zr(cap.,not 
ital.) {see also Qaisar). 

kakemono* (Jap.), a 

kale/*, the cabbage genus; 
yard *, a cabbage gar- 
den, kail-yaird only in 
strict Scotch. 

kaleidoscop/e*, -ic*. 

kalend/8B, -ar, -s, use c-*. 

"Kalevala", national epic 
of Finland, not -wala. 

kali/f, -ph, use caliph*. 

kalium (Lat.), potassium ; 
symbol K. 

kalmia* (bot.), not c-. 

Kalmucks, Mo/-muks, C-. 

kamarband, use cum- 

Kamboja, use Cam- 
Kamchadale, inhab. of 

Kamchatka, E. Siberia, 

not Kams-, -mtchatka, 

Kamerun, German Africa, 

not Cameroons. 
Kamschatka, use 

kamsin, use kh- *. 
K.A.N. (Russ.), Knight of 

St. Alexander Nevskoi. 
Kan., Kansas (off. abbr.). 
Kanaka*, a Hawaiian, not 

-acka, -aker, -ak, Canaker. 
Kanara, Bombay, not C-. 
kanaster, a tobacco, use 

Kandahar, not C-. 
Kanon (Ger. typ. m.), a 36- 

point type ; Qross — , a 

40-point type. 
Kans/as, off. abbr. Kan. ; 

adj. -an. 
Kant (Immanuel), 1724- 

1804, Ger. philosopher. 
Kapitaiclien (Ger. typ. n.), 

small capitals (cap.). 
Kapitel (Ger. u.), chap- 
ter (cap.). 
kapp*, a magnetic unit. 
Kapurthala, Punjab. 
K.A.H., King's African 

Karachi, use Kurraehee. 
Karakoram Mts., Tibet, 

not -um. 
karat, use c-*. 
karij (Fr. cook.), curry (not 

cap.) ; — a Findienne, 

Indian curry (not cap. /) 

(see also karri, kauri), 
karkee, use khaki *. 
Karlovingian, use C-*. 
Karlowitz,Ms^ Carlovitz. 



etc., not C-. 

karma* (Budd.), destiny, 
not -an. 

Karnatic, not C-. 

Karpathian Mts., not C-. 

karri*. Austral, blue gum- 
tree, not kari (see also 
karl, kauri). 

karsimer, use cassi- 

Kartoum, use Kh-. 

Kashmer, India, not C-. 

Kassel, Germany, not C-. 

katalytic, t4se o-*. ^ 

Kathay, use C-. 

Kathiawar, Bombay, not 

kathode, use c- *. 

katioD, use 0-*. 

ka-tou, «5^ kotow*. 

katsup, see ketchup. 

Kauffmann (Angelica), 
1741-1807, painter. 

Kaufmann (C. von), 
1818-82, Russ. General. 

kauri*, N. Zealand con- 
iferous tree, etc., not 
cowdi, -ri, -ry, kourie, 
kowrie (not ital.) {see also 
cowrie, karl, karri). 

kava*, Polynesian in- 
toxicant, not ava, cava, 
kaava, kawa. 

kavass*, Turkish police 
officer, not cavash, -ass, 
kawass, kouas, kervas. 

kayak/*, Eskimo canoe, 
not -iak, -jak, -yack, kiak, 
kyack ; -er*, -ing*. 

Kazan, E. Russia, KO^Kas-. 

K.B., King's Bench, 
Knight Bachelor; K.B.A. 
(Port.), Knight of St. 
Benedict of Avis; K.B.E. 
(Russ.), ditto Black Eagle. 

K.C., King's College, — 
Counsel, (Turk.) Knight 
of the Crescent ; K.C.B.*, 
Knight Commander of 
the Bath ; K.C.C. 
(Belgium and Congo Free 
State), ditto (Order of the) 
Crown ; K.C.H., ditto 

Hanoverian Guelphic 
Order; K.C.I.E., ditto 
Indian Empire ; K.C.Xj., 
King's College, London ; 
K.C.M.G., Knight Com- 
mander of (the Order of) 
St. Michael and St. 
George ; K.C.S., Knight 
of Charles III of Spain ; 
K.C.S.I., Knight Com- 
mander of the Star of 
India; K.C.V.O., ditto 
Royal Victorian Order. 

K.D.G., King's Dragoon 

K.E. (Den.), Knight of 
the Elephant. 

Kead mile f ailte romhat, 
use C- . 

Kean (Charles John), 
1811-68 ; —(Edmund), 
1 787- 1833, actors (see also 

Keane (Lord. John), 
1781-1844, General. 

" Kearsarge," Amer. ship; 
pron. keer'sarj {g soft). 

Keb. Coll., Keble College, 

keblahy useki-*, 

kedgeree* (cook.), a dish 
of rice, fish, etc., «o/ the 
many variations (not ital.). 

Kedleston, Derby; pron. 

Kedron, Jerusalem, use 

keelhaul*, not -hawl (one 

keelson, «5^ kelson*. 

Keene (Prof. Charles 
Haines), 1847 -, writer ; 
— (Charles Samuel), 
1823-91, black and white 
artist ; — (Henry 
George), 1781-1864, 
writer (see also Kean). 

keep/ down (typ.), to use 
caps, sparingly ; — in, to 
set type closely, so as to 
take little space ; — out, 
reverse ditto. 

keepsake* (one word). 

keep standing (typ.), the 


KEEP — K.F.M. 

type not to be distributed 

pending possible reprint- 
ing ; keep up, to keep 

standing, also to use caps. 

keerie, use kerrie *. 
keffiyeb*, Bedouin Arab 

head-dress, noi the many 

Keighley, Yorks ; pron. 

Keightley (Thomas), 

1 789-1872, writer. 
Keim (Theodor), 1825- 

78, Ger. theologian. 
Kekul^ (P. A.), 1829-96, 

kell/eck, -ick (naut.), use 

Kellnerj (Ger.), /em. -in, 

waiter (cap.). 
Kelljr*s Directories. 
Kelmscott Press, 1890-8, 

founded by W. Morris. 
kelpie*, a water-spirit, 

not -y. 
Kelsale, Suffolk. 
Kelsall, Cheshire, 
kelson* (naut.), inboard 

keel, noi keel-. 
Kelt/, -ic, -icism, use 

kelter*, good condition; in 

Amer. kilter*. 
Kempis (Thomas k), 

1379-147 1> writer. 
Kenia (Mount), E. Afr., 

not -ya. 
Kenmare, Kerry. 
Kenmore, Perth. 
Kennard (Sir C. A. P.), 

1885- (see also Kin- 

naird, Kynnaird). 
Kennaway (Sir John). 
kennel/*, -led*, -ling*, not 

-eled, -eling. 
Kenney (James), 1780- 

1849, I^' dramatist. 
Kenno"way, Fife. 
Kent's Bank, Lanes 

Kentucky, ofiBc. abbr.Ky. 
Kenwig^ (Morleena), in 

" Nicholas Nickleby." 

kephalic/, -al, use c-*. 

kepi* (Fr. m.), military 

Kepler (Johann), 157 1- 
1630, astr., not Kepp-. 

keramic, etc., use c-*. 

kerb/, -stone, not ki-, more 
tisual than curb/ *. 

Kerguelen Island. 

kermis* (Arab.), a fair or 
entertainment, not -ess, 
kirmess (see also ku- 

kern* (typ.), the part of 
a qietal type projecting 
beyond the body, as the 
curled tail of /; also to 
furnish with a kern 

kerned* (typ.), said of a 
type which has any part 
of the face projecting 
beyond the body. 

kemell/ed*, -y *, not -eled, 

kerrie* (S. Afr.), a knobbed 
stick, not -y, keerie. 

kerseymere, use cassi-*. 

Kertch, Odessa. 

ketch* (naut.), a two- 
masted vessel. 

Ketch (Jack)*, the hang- 
man, not Ca-, Ki-. 

ketchup *, more usual than 

kettledrum* (one word). 

Keuper* (geol.), pron. 
koi'pr (cap., not ital.). 

key, a wharf, use 

keyboard* (mus.,etc.)(one 

key-bugle* (hyphen). 

keyhole* (one word). 

key-note* (hyphen). 

Keys (House of), Isle of 
Man (caps.) ; abbr. H.K. 

keystone* (one word). 

Key West, Florida (two 

K.P. (Sp.), Knight of Fer- 
dinand ; K.P.M. (Sicily), 
ditto St. Ferdinand and 


K.G.*, Knight of the (Order 

of the) Garter; kg.*, 

kilogram ; K.G.C. 

(U.S.A.), Knight of the 

Golden Circle, ditto 

Grand Cross; K.G.E. 

(Ger.), ditto Golden 

Eagle ; K.G.P. (Aus., 

Sp.), ditto Golden Fleece; 

kgl. (Ger.), koniglichj, -e, 

-er, -es (royal) ; K.G.V. 

(Sw.), Knight of Gustavus 

K.H.*, Knight of (the 

Guelphs of) Hanover. 
Khaiber Pass, Afghan. 
khaki*, not -kee, kaki, 

karkee, kharkie. 
khal/eefate, -ifat, use 

khalif/, -a, use caliph*, 
khamsin*, Egyptian hot 

wind, not ka-, -seen. 
khan*, not chan, kaan. 
Khartoum, not Kartum. 
Khayyam (Omar), 

io5o?-ii22, Pers. poet. 
K.H.C., Honorary Chaplain 

to the King, 
khedival*, of the khedive, 

not -ial. 
khedivate *, government 

of khedive, not -iate. 
khediv/e *, /^m. -a*, ruler 

of Egypt (not cap.). 
kbidmutgar* (Ind.), a 

male waiter, not the many 

K.H. P., Honorary Physi- 
cian to the King. 
K.H.S., Honorary Surgeon 

to the King. 
Khyber Pass, use Khai-. 
kiak, use kayak *. 
kiblab*, the point to which 

Mohammedans turn in 

prayer, not ke-. 
kick-off* (foot.) (hyphen). 
kickshaw*, a trifle (one 

kldmutgar, use kbid- *. 
kidnap/*, -ped*, -per*, 

-ping*, not -aped, etc. 
kidney bean* (two words). 

Kidron, Jerusalem, not Ke-. 
Kieff, S.E. Russia, use 

Kielland (A. L.), 1849-, 

Norwegian writer. 
Kierkegaard (Soren 

Aaby), 1813-55, Danish 

Kieseritzki gambit, 

chess opening, not Keis-. 
Kiev, S.E. Russia, not -eff, 

kil., kilderkin. 
Kilauea, volcano in 

Hawaii, not -aua. 
kilerg* (physics), measure 

of work (not ital.). 
Kilima-Njaro (Mount), 

E. Afr. (two caps., hy- 
Killala, Mayo, also Bp. of. 
Killaloe, Clare, also Bp. of. 
Killaloo, Londonderry. 
Killea, Londonderry. 
Killeagh, Cork. 
Killen, Ross-shire. 
Killianwala, use Chili- 

killick*, a stone used as 

anchor, not -ock, kelleck, 

Killiecrankie, Perth. 
Kniin, Perth. 
Killylea, Armagh. 
Killyleigh, Down. 
"Kilmansegg (Miss),** 

by T. Hood, 1828, not -eg. 
kilogram*, 2-205 lb. 

nearly ; off. spelling in 

Acts of Parliament, and 

by Board of Trade, not 

-mme ; abbr. kg.*, or 

kilo* (no point). 
kilogrammetre* (phys.), 

measure of work (one 

word, not ital.). 
kilolitre*, not -er, 1000 

litres (not ital.); abbr. 

kilometre*, not-er, 1093-6 

yards, nearly five-eighths 

of a mile (not ital.) ; in 

Er. kilometre ; abbr. 

Km. («o/ kilo). 



kilometric*, of a kilo- 
metre (not ital.). 

kilowatt* (elec), looo 
watts (not ital.) ; abbr. kw. 

kilowatt - hour (elec.\ 
abbr. B.T.U. (Board of 
Trade Unit). 

kilter* (Amer.), good con- 
dition ; in Eng. ke-*. 

kimbo (a-) * (hyphen). 

Kimeridgian * (geol.) 

Kimric, Welsh, use 

kinaesthesis *, the sense 
of muscular effort, ttoi 
kine-, -ia. 

Kincardine-O * Neil, 
Aberdeen (hyphen, three 

kindergarten/*, a school 
(not ital., not cap.) ; -er*, 
its teacher. 

kinematograph, not c-. 

King/, -s, abbr. K. ; 
(typ.) print as Edward 
VII, or the Seventh, not 
the VII ; — Charles's 
spaniel* (two caps.). 

King Cross, Halifax. 

kingd., kingdom. 

kingfisher* (one word). 

Bling-of-Arms*, not — at- 

— (hyphens). 

King of Glory, as Deity 

Kingsale (Baron) {see 
also Kinsale^'. 

King's Bench*, abbr. 
K.B. (apos.). 

Kingsborough (Vis- 

Kingsburgh (Lord), Lord 
Justice-Clerk of Scot- 

King's/ College, abbr. 
K.C.;— Counsel, K.C.; 

— County; — Cross, 
London; — evil*, scrof- 
ula (apos.). 

King's/ Langley, Herts ; 

— Lynn, Norfolk (apos.). 
Kingsteignton, Devon 

(one word^. 

Kingston, Jamaica, New 
York, Ontario. 

Kingstone, Dorset, Here- 
ford, Kent, Stafford. 

Kiiigston/-on-Hull ; — 
-on-Thames (hyphens). 

Kingsto^m, Dubhn. 

Kington, Hereford. 

Kinloss (Baroness). 

Kinnaird (Baron) (5^^a/so 
Kennard, Kynnaird). 

Kinnear (Baron). 

Kinnoull (Earl of). 

Kinross (Baron). 

Kinross-shire (hyphen). 

Kinsale, Co. Cork (see also 

Kintyre, Argyl, not Can- 

kiosk * (not ital.). 

Kioto, Japan, use Kyoto. 

kirb/, -stone, use ke-. 

Kirkaldy, testing ex- 

Kirk Braddan, I.O.M., 
not -on. 

Kirkcaldy, Fife. 

Kirkcudbright, pron. kir- 

BHirkmichael, Ayr, Perth 
(one word"*. 

Kirk Michael, I.O.M. 
(two words). 

Kirk Newton, Northum- 
berland (two words). 

BLirknewton, Midlothian 
(one word). 

kirk-session*, the lowest 
Presbyterian court (hy- 

Kirschwasser *, a cherry 
liqueur, not kirschen-. 

kismet* (Turk.), fate, not 
-at, -ut. 

kit-cat*, a portrait 36 x 
28 in., not -kat. 

kitchen-garden/*, -er*, 
-ing*; kitchen-maid* 

kitmutgar, use kbid- *. 

Kit's Coity House, 
Aylesford, Kent, a dol- 
men, not — Coty — , 
— Cotty — . 


kiwi* (N. Zealand), the 
apteryx, not kivi, kiwi- 
kiwi ; pron. ky'wS. 

K.J., Knight of St. Jo- 

Kjobenhavn, Dan. for 

k.k. (Ger.), kaisetlich- 
kontglichj, -e, -er, -es 


Ku - Klux - 


K.Ii. (Aus., Belg.), Knight 
of Leopold ; kl., kilolitre ; 
Kl. (Ger.), Klasse (class) ; 
K.Ij.A., Knight of Leo- 
pold of Austria ; K.Ij.B., 
ditto Belgium. 

kleistogamous, use o-*. 

klepsydra, use c-*. 

kleptomania*, not c-. 

K.Ij.H. (Fr.), Knight of 
the Legion of Honour. 

klinometer, use c- *. 

Klondike, Yukon, Canada, 
not -yke. 

K.M., Knight of Malta; Km., 
kilometre ; K.Mess., 
King's Messenger ; 

K.M.H., Knight of Merit 
of Holstein ; K.M.J. 
(Bavaria), Knight of Maxi- 
milian Joseph ; K.M.T. 
(Aus.), ditto Maria The- 

knee-cap*, the patella 

kneel/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

Kneipp*^ (Father) water- 

knick-knack* (hyphen), 
not nicknack. 

knight, abbr. K.*, or Kt.* 
{see also "KjA., — A.N., 

— G., — H., — J.,_I,., 

— li.H.,— M.,— N.S., 

— of L., _P.,_R.C., 

— R.E., — S., — S.J., 

— T., _W., — W.E.). 
Knightbridge, Cam- 
bridge professorship, not 

knight-errant*, pi. 

knights-errant * (hy- 

Knightsbridge, London. 

Knights/ of Labour 

(U.S.A.), Amer. trade 
union, abbr. K. of L. ; — 
of Pythias, U.S.A. be- 
nevolent soc.,abbr.K.P., 
or K. of P. 

knit/*, -ted*, -ting' 


knitting-needle '■ 

knobby*, knob-shaped. 

knobkerrie* (S. Afr., 
Austral.), a knobbed stick, 
not -keerie, -kerry (not 

knook/-about (theat.) ; — 

-down*, adj. ; knee/ *, 

-d* ; out* (hyphens). 

KnoUys, pron. nolz. 

knot/*, -ted*, -ting*. 

knot* (naut.), a speed per 
hour, not a distance ; 
hence knot an hour erron. 

Knowl, Yorks. 

Knowle, Glos, Warwick. 

knowledgeable *. 

K.W.S. (Sw.), Knight of 
the (Royal) North Star. 

knur/*, a knot; — and 
spell, a game, not n-, -rr. 

knurl*, a small projection, 
not nurl. 

Knut, use Cnut. 

K.O.B., King's Own Bor- 

Koch (Karl), 1809-79, 
botanist; — (Robert), 
1843-, bacteriologist. 

Kock (Charles Paul de), 
1794-1871, writer; — 
(Henri de), 1821-92, 

Kodaikanal Observa- 
tory, India. 

K. of li. (U.S.A.), Knights 
of Labour ; K. of P., — 
of Pythias (U.S.A. bene- 
volent society). 

Koh-i-noor* diamond, 
not -niir, -nur (hyphens). 

Kohler (Reinhold), 

1830-92, writer. 



kohlrabi*, a turnip-cab- 
bage (one word). 

Kolhapur, India, not 

Kolliker (R. A.), 1817-, 

Koln, Ger, for Cologne. 

Koloa (Ger. typ.n.), colon 

Kolumnenltitel (Ger. 
typ. m.), running title ; 
•Zifferii.), folio (cap.). 

Komma (Ger. typ. n.), 
comma (cap.). 

Koniggratz, Bohemia, not 

Konigsberg, E. Prussia. 

KonzertJ, -meister (Ger. 
m.), 'Stuck (n.), not 

koodoo *, S. Afr. antelope, 
>iot kudu (not ital.). 

koomiss, M5^ku-*. 

Koords, use Kurds. 

kopeck, use c-*. 

Kopfzeite (Ger. typ. f.), 

kopje* (S. Afr.), a small 
hill, not -pjie, -ppie, 
-ppje ; pron. k6p'6. 

koprolit/e, -h, use c-*. 

Koran *, Mohammedan 
sacred book. 

koran*, S. Afr. bustard. 

Korea/, -n, not C-. 

Korrektjor (Ger. typ. m.), 
corrector of the press ; 
-ur (f.), a proof (caps.). 

K.O.S.B., King's Own 
Scottish Borderers. 

kosher*, food prepared 
according to the Jewish 
law, not coshar, -er, ko- 

kotovp-/*, a Chinese obeis- 
ance ; -ing*, -ism*, not 
the many variations. 

koumiss, use ku- *. 

kowrie, use kauri*. 

kow-tow, use kotow *. 

K.O.Y.L.I., King's Own 
Yorkshire Light Infan- 

K.P.*, Knight of (the Order 

of) St. Patrick; (U.S. A), 

Knights of Pythias. 
Kr, krypton. 
kr., kreuzer. 
kraal* (Afr.), village, or 

Krafft (Peter), 1 780-1856, 

Krakatoa (Mount), 

Straits of Sunda, not -au. 
Krakow,Poland, «o/Crac-. * 
Krapotkine (Prince 

Peter), 1842-, writer, «o/ 

Kro-, -in. 
K.R.C., Knight of the Red 

Cross ; K.R.E., ditto 

Red Eagle, 
kreese, use c- *. 
Krefeld, Germany, offic. 

K-, usually C-. 
Krehbiel (H. E.), 1854-, 

writer on music. 
Kremlin, Moscow citadel, 
kremlin *, any Russ. cita- 
del (not cap.). 
kreosote, use c-*. 
kreuzer*, Aus. and Ger. 

coin, one-fifth penny ; 

abbr. kr. ; pron. kroi'tzr. 
Kriegsminister (Ger. m.). 

Minister of War (cap., 

one word). 
Kriegsplel* (Ger. n.), the 

war game. 
Jtr/s, use creese*, 
kromesquis, use c-. 
Krone/*, Aus. silver coin, 

lod. Eng., Ger. gold coin, 

los. Eng. ; pi. -n. 
Kroo*, W. Afr. negro, not 

-ou, -u (not ital.). 
Kropotkine (Prince), 

use Kra-. 
K.R.R., King's Royal 

Rifles; K.R.R.C., ditto 

Rifle Corps. 
Kru, use Kroo*. 
Krupp, Essen, Germany, 
krypton*, not c-; symbol 

K.S., King's Scholar, 

(Sw.) Knight of the 

Sword ; K.S.A. (Russ.), 

ditto of St. Anne; K.S.P. 



(Sp.). ditto San Fernando; 
K.S.F.M. (Naples), ditto 
St. Ferdinand and Merit ; 
K.S.G. (Russ.), ditto 
St. George ; K.S.H. (Ba- 
varia), ditto St. Hubert. 

kshatriya* (Ind.), one of 
the four great castes, not 
-tri, -ttriya. 

K.S.J. (Naples), Knight of 
St. Januarius ; K.S.Ij. 
(Pers.), ditto the Sun 
and Lion ; X.Soc, Ka- 
mashastra Society ; 

K.S.P., Knight of St. 
Stanislaus of Poland ; 
K.S.S. (Brazil), ditto 
Southern Star, ditto 
Sword of Sweden ; 
K.S.V. (Russ.), ditto 
St. Vladimir. 

K.T.*, Knight of the (Order 
of the) Thistle, — Tem- 
plar ; Kt.*, knight ; Kt. 
Bach., Knight Bachelor; 
K.T.X. (Gr.), kai ta loipa 
(and the rest, or etc.); 
K.T.S. (Port.), Knight 
of the Tower and Sword. 

Kuch Behar, India, not 
Coo . 

kudos* (Gr.), renown (not 

kudu, use koodoo*. 

Kufic, use C- *. 

Ku-Klux-Klan*, a 
U.S.A. secret society (not 
ital.) ; abbr. K.K.K. 

kukri* (Ind.), a curved 
knife, noi the many varia- 

Kulturkampf der 

Me nscbbe it {Ger.), con- 

flict against ignorance and 

Kumassi, Ashanti, not 

-asi, Coo-, Koo-, -ie. 
kumiss*, a preparation of 

mares' milk, not the many 

kummel*, a liqueur. 
kuminerbund, use c- *. 
kupfemickel* (mineral.) 

(one^ not cap.). 
kupfferite* (mineral. ) (two 

Kur (Ger. f.), cure (cap.). 
Kurds, of Kurdistan, not 

kuriologic/, -al, use c-*. 
Kurrachee, not Karachi. 
Kursaal* (Ger. m.), a hall 

(ital., cap.). 
Kursivscbrift (Ger.typ.f. ), 

italic type. 
Kutch, kutch,M5«C-, c-*. 
Kuyp, use C-. 
kvass* (Russ.), rye beer. 
K.W. (Netherlands), 

Knight of William; kw. 

(elec), kilowatt; K.W.E. 

(Poland), Knight of the 

White Eagle. 
Ky., Kentucky (offic. 

Kymric, use C- *. 
Kynnaird (Viscount) 

{see also Kennard, Kin- 

Kyoto, Japan, not Ki-. 
Kyrie eleison* (eccles.), 

''Lord, have mercy"; 

abbr. Kyrie, not — elee- 

Kyrie (John), 1637-1724, 

"the Man of Ross." 






I,. — LACY 

li,, Lady, Lake, Latin, 
Liberal, licentiate, the 
eleventh in a series, all 
proper names with this 
initial, (after titles) Lon- 
don, (hot) Linnaeus, (Fr.) 
livre (pound), (It.) //>/«, -e 
(tenpence), (Lat.) liber (a 
book), locus (place), 
(theat.) left (from actor's 
point of view). 

Ii. or £f the form jC to be 
used and placed before 
figures, as £^o. \i I. 
ordered, to be placed after ^ 
as 50/. {see also punc- 
tuation, XXI, 3). 

L, fifty, fiftieth, (elec.) 
symbol for inductance, 
tabular logarithm (not 
ital., no point). 

L, league, length, lifie, 
link, litre, (Ger.) lies 
(read), (naut.) light- 

Ij.A., law agent, Legisla- 
tive Assembly, Literate 
in Arts. 

La, lanthanum (no point). 

La., Louisiana, U.S.A. 
i^offic. abbr.). 

//a. (Fr.), letired' avis {letter 
of advice). 

laager* (S. Afr.), a tem- 
porary camp, not lag-. 

Lab., Labrador. 

label/*, -led*, -ling*. 

labijum* (Lat.), a lip; //. 

Lablache (Luigi), 1794- 
1858, singer (one word). 

Labor Day (Amen), 
first Monday in Sept., 
not Labour — (caps.). 

lab/our*, -orious*. 

Labourers Act (caps., no 

Labrador, abbr. Lab. 

labrjum* (Lat.), lip of a 

jug, etc. ; pi. -a*. 
La Bruyire (J. de), 

1645-96, Fr. writer. 
labyrinth/*, -ian*, -ic*, 

L.A.C., Licentiate of the 

Apothecaries' Company, 

London Athletic Club. 
lac/*, a resin ; (Ang.-Ind.) 

100,000, not -ck. 


(not ital.) ; — of rupees 
(typO) pointing above one 
lac is with a comma after 
the number of lacs : thus 
25,87,000 is 25 lacs, 87 
thousand rupees. 

Laccadive Islands, off 

Lac6pMe (B. G. E. de 
la v., comte), 1756- 
1825, naturalist. 

Lachaise (P^re), Paris 
cemetery (two words). 

lacbe (Fr.), lax, cowardly 

laches*, negligence (not 

Lachryma Christi*, a 
red wine. 

lachrjrm/al*, -atory*, 
-ose*, «o/ lacri-, lacry-. 

lackadaisical * (not ital.). 

lacker, use lacquer *. 

lackey*, a footman, not 

laconic* (not cap.\ 

L.A.C.P., London Associa- 
tion of Correctors of the 
Press (33 Chancery Lane, 
London, W.C). 

lacquer*, etc., not lacker. 

lacrimal, use lachry-*. 

La Crohs9, town, U.S.A. 

lacrosse*, ball game (one 
word, not ital.). 

lacun/a *,/>/. -aB* (not ital.). 

lacy *, lace-like, not -ey. 



ladies* cards, 372 x 2V2 

"Ladies'/ Field,** news- 
paper; — Gallery*, 
House of Commons ; 
— Mile, Hyde Park, Lon- 
don {see also Lady's). 

ladies* school*. 

Lady, abbr. L. 

Lady (Our) (R.C.C.) 
(caps.). . 

lady/-bird*, cow*, in- 
sect (hyphens). 

Lady Day/, 25 March 

(two words, caps. ) ; 

in Harvest, 15 Aug. 

Lady Dedlock, in " Bleak 
House," not Dead-. 

lady-in-waiting* (hy- 

ladylike* (one word). 

"Lady of Shalott,'* by 
Tennyson, 1832. 

lady's maid*, pi. ladies* 
maids (no hyphen). 

«Lady*s/ Pictorial,** "— 
Realm,** newspapers 
{see also Ladies*). 

IsBmmergeyer, use la-*. 

Isesa majestas (Lat.), 

Lastare Sunday, fourth 
in Lent. 

lasva (Lat.), left. 

Ibbvo-*, the prefix, not le-. 

Lafayette College, 

U.S.A. (one word). 

LaflBltte (Ch&teau-), a 
claret (hyphen); — (Jac- 
ques),! 767-1 844, French 
statesman ; not Lafi-, -ite 
(one word). 

La Fontaine (Jean de), 
1621-95, Fr. writer (two 

lager beer* (two words, 
not ital.). 

lagoon*, not -nne. 

Lagrange (J.L., comte), 
1736-1813, math. 

Lagthing, Upper House of 
Norwegian Parliament. 

La Guaira, S. Amer., not 

L.A.H., Licentiate of 
Apothecaries' Hall. 

La Hague (Cape), N.W. 

la haute politique (Fr.), 
State politics. 

La Haye (Fr.), The Hague, 

La Hogue, a roadstead, 
N.W. France. 

Lahore, India, not -or. 

laicize*, to secularize, not 

laid paper*, that which 
when held up to the light 
shows parallel lines at 
intervals of an inch or so. 

Lais, a Greek beauty. 

lalssezj-aller* (Fr.), ab- 
sence of restraint, not 

laisser- ; faire*, let 

people do as they think 
best (O.E.D.), let well 
alone ! not laisser-. 

lalt (Fr. m.), milk; av — , 
with milk. 

laitance (Fr. f.), soft roe of 

laitue (Fr. f.), lettuce. 

Lake (typ.), capital when 
with name, as Bala Lake, 
Lake Superior; abbr. L. 

lakh, see lac *. 

laky*, lake-like, not -ey. 

Ik Ik (Fr.), so-so, pass- 

Lalande (J. J. le-F. de), 
1 732- 1807, Fr. astr. (one 

Lalitpur, N.W. India, 
not Lalat-. 

Jj.A.'M.. ,Ltberah'um Artium 
Magister (Master of the 
Liberal Arts). 

Lam. (Scrip.), Lamenta- 
tions, (bot.) Lamarck. 

lama*, Buddhist priest {see 
a/50 11-). 

Lamarck/ (J. B. P. A. 
de M.), 1744-1829, 
naturalist (one word) ; 
-ian; abbr. Lam. 

Lamarque (comte M.), 
1770-1832, Fr. General. 




Lamartine (A. M. It. de), 
1 790-1 869, Fr. poet (one 

lamasery*, a lama mon- 
astery, not the many varia- 

lambda * the Gr. L, /(A, x). 

Iiambhill, Glasgow (one 

Uamb of God (two 

lamb's fry* (cook.) (apes., 
two words). 

lambskin* (one word). 

lamb's- wool* (apos., hy- 

lamell/a*, a thin plate ; 

pi. -39*. 

Lamennais (K. H. P. R. 
de), 1 782-1854, Fr. poli- 
tician (one word). 

Lamentations (Book of), 
abbr. Lam. 

lamin/a*, a thin plate; 
pi. -SB*. 

Lammas*, i August. 

lammergeyer *, the 

bearded vulture, ftot lae-, 
le-, -geier (not ital.). 

Lamourette*s kiss, a kiss 
of peace when there is 
no peace. 

lamp-black* (hyphen). 

lamplighter* (one word). 

lamp-post* (hyphen). 

lamproie (Fr. f.), lamprey. 

Lancashire/, abbr.Lancs ; 
— Regiment (Loyal 
North, not Royal — ). 

Lancaster Regiment 
(Royal) (see also Lan- 

Lance - Corporal, abbr. 

lancewood* (one word). 

lancinat/e*, ing*. 

Lancing College, Sus- 

Lanes, Lancashire. 

landau/ *, -let*, a carriage 
(not ital.>. 

landdrosi* (S. Afn), a 
magistrate, not landroost, 

landgrav/e *, a count ; /em. 

landgraviate*, a land- 
grave's territory, Mo/-vate. 

landlocked* (one word). 

land-lubber* (hyphen). 

landmark* (one wordV 

L. & N. W. R,, London 
and North-Western Rail- 

Lan(*or (Walter Sav- 
age), 1 775-1864, writer. 

landowner* (one w^ord). 

lands/man*, pi. -men*. 

Landsthing, Upper House 
of the Danish Parliament. 

Landsturm* (Ger. m.), 
reserves of the whole 
nation for national de- 

L. & S.W.R., London and 
South-Western Railway. 

Landtag (Ger. m.), the 
legislative body, diet. 

land-tax* (hyphen). 

Landwehr* (Ger. f.), 

L. & Y.R., Lancashire and 
Yorkshire Railway. 

lang., language. 

langOUSte (Fr. f.), a spring 

langsyne*, long ago (one 
word, not ital.). 

languor/*, -ous*. 

Lankester (Edwin Ray) 
184 7-, zoologist. 

lanner/*, a female falcon ; 
male, -et*. 

lanolin*, not -ine. 

Lansdown (battle of), 

Lansdowne (Marquess 

lantern*, «o/ -thorn. 

lanthanum*, symbol La 
(no point). 

lanyard*, not -iard. 

Laoeoon, Trojan priest, 
pron. la-6k'o-6n. 

La,0-tsze, born 604 B.C., 
founder of Taoism (hy- 

lap/*, -ped*, -ping*. 


Lap., Lapland {see also 

Lapageria (bot.). 
lap-dog* (hyphen). 
lapel/*, the lap over of a 

coat, not -elle, lappelle ; 
lapereau (Ft. m.), a young 

lapiin* (Lat.), pebbles. 
lap in] (Fr. m.), rabbit ; — 

ait karl, curried rabbit. 
lapis laziili* (two words). 
Laplace (P. S.), 1749- 

1827, astr. (one word). 
Lapland, abbr. Lap. 
Lapp*, a native of Lap- 
land, Lappish, 
lappelle, use lapel*, 
lapsable*, liable to lapse, 

not -ible. 
lapsus j* (Lat.), a slip ; — 

calami*, ditto of the pen ; 

— Ilnguas*, ditto tongue; 

— memories, ditto 

Laputan*, visionary, not 

-ian (cap.), 
/ar/* (Lat.), a household 

god; pi. -es*. 
Larbert, Stirling. 
lard (Fr. m.), bacon. 
lardon* (Fr. m.), bacon 

for larding, not -oon. 
large -paper*, special 

copies of a book, with 

large margins, etc. ; also 

termed edition de luxe ; 

abbr. L.P. 
largess*, a free gift, not 

-esse (not ital.). 
lariat*, rope for picketing 

animals, not -iette, larriet 

(not ital.). 
larikin, use larr-*. 
larkspur* (bot.) (one 

Lamaka, Cyprus, not 

-aca, -ica. 
La Rochefoucauld 

(Fran9ois, due de), 

1613-80, Fr. writer. 
larrikin*, Australian street 

rowdy, not lari-. 

larv/a *,/>/. -»* (not ital.). 

laryn/x* (anat. ),/>/. -ges*. 

L.A.S., Lord-Advocate of 

Lasalle (comte de), 
1 775 -1809, Fr. Gen. (one 
word) (see also Lass-). 

La Salle (A. de), 1398- 
1 46 1, Fr. poet ; — (J. B. 
de), 1651-1719 ; — , 
(R. C), 1643-87, Fr. 
explorer (two words). 

lascar*, E. Indian sailor 
(not ital.). 

Las Casas (B. de), 1474- 
1566, ''apostle of the 

Las Cases (E. D.), 1766- 
1842, friend of Napoleon I. 

lasbkar* (Ind.), a body of 
Afridi soldiers. 

Lasker (E.), 1868-, chess 

"LasMeninas,** by Velaz- 
quez, not -inas. 

Lassa, Tibet, use Lhasa. 

Lassalle (Ferdinand), 
1825-64, German Socialist 
(one word) {see also 

Lassell (William), 1799- 
i88o, astr. 

lasso/*, -ed*, -ing*; pi. 
-S, not lazo (not ital.). 

Last Supper (the) (caps.). 

Lat., Latin ; lat., latitude. 

Latakia*, a Turk, tobacco, 
not -yah, Ladikieh (not 

later, correlative of eailier. 

Lateran (St. John)*, 
church in Rome. 

lath*, a thin strip of wood. 

lathe* , machine for turning. 

Lathom (Earl of). 

Latimer- Clark unit cell 

Latin, abbr. L., or Lat. ; 
(typ.) alphabet same as 
English without w. Ac- 
cents and ligatures falling 
into disuse ; many scholars 
do not differentiate the 
letter y from /'. 
[ 14* 

liATIN — Ii.C.B. 

liatin Cross, +. 

latin de cuisiae (Fr.), 

latinity* (not cap.). 
latinize*, to make Latin, 

not -ise (not cap.). 
latitude, abbr. lat. 
Latour (Cha,teau-), a 

claret (hyphen). 
Latreille (P. A.), 1762- 

1833, Fr. naturaHst (one 

latrine* (not ital.). 
latten*, sheet metal (not 

latter, correlative oi former. 
Laud ("William), 1573- 

1645, Abp. 
laudator temporls acti 

(Lat.), a praiser of past 

L.A.U.K., Library Assoc. 

of United Kingdom. 
lauraj*, Christ, antiq. ; pi. 

laurel/*, -led*, not -eled. 
Laurence/ (Friar), in 

'* Romeo and JuHet " ; — 

Pountney Lane, E.C. 

{see also Law-). 
Laurentian* (geol.). 
Laurier (Sir "Wilfrid), 

1841-, Can. statesman. 
laurustinus*, an ever- 
green, not laures-, lauris-. 
Laus Deo (Lat.), Praise 

(be) to God. 
lauw^ine*, an avalanche, 

not law-. 
Laveleye (baron E. L. 

V. de), 1822-92, Fr. 

Vavenir (Fr. m.), the 

laverock*, a lark, «o^lavr-. 
Lavoisier (A. L.), 1743- 

94, Fr. chemist. 
lavrovite* (mineral.), not 

L.A.W., League of Ameri- 
can Wheelmen. 
law (typ.'', practically no 

punctuation used in legal 

documents. Copy must be 

followed. Spell out all 
figures ; law/ agent, 
abbr.L.A.; — binding*, 

— -calf*, — -sheep*, 
binding in smooth pale 
brown calf- or sheep-skin. 

Law Courts (the) (caps., 

no hyphen), 
lawgiver* (one word), 
lawine, use lauwine *. 
lawn-tennis* (hyphen). 
Lawrence (St.), North 

American river {see also 

Laws, abbr. LL. 
law-sheep, see law. 
Lawson (Sir "Wilfrid), 

1829-1906, politician. 
law-stationer* (hyphen). 
lawsuit* (one word). 
lay, untilled land, ws^lea*. 
Layard, pron. laird, 
layette* (not ital.). 
lazaretto/, a place for 

quarantine (not ital.); pi. 


Lazenby, Yorks. 

Lazonby, Cumberland. 

lazy-tongs* (hyphen). 

lazzaronle*, one of a 
low class at Naples, not 
lazar- ; pi. -/*. 

L.S., Baccalaureus Liter- 
arum (Bachelor of 
Letters), Lectori benevolo 
(to the kind reader), Lo- 
cal Board ; l.b. (cricket), 
leg-bye; lb.*, librja, -x 
(pound, -s, or pound's 
weight), not IB, lbs. (not 
ital.) ; L.B. & S.C.R., 
London, Brighton, and 
South Coast Railway ; 
lbs., not to be used for 
pounds, but lb. for sing, 
and pi. ; l.b.w. (cricket), 
leg before wicket, not lb w. 

L.C., Lord Chamberlain, 

— Chancellor, Lower 
Canada, letter of credit ; 
I.e., loco citato (in 
the place cited), (typ.), 
lower case, that is not 
caps. ; L.C.B., Lord Chief 

Ii.C.C. — IiE BON 

Baron ; L.C.C, London 
County Council, -lor ; 
L.Ch., Licentiate in 
Surgery ; L.C.J., Lord 
Chief Justice ; l.C.m., 
least common multiple ; 
L.-Corp., Lance-Cor- 
poral ; L.C.P., Licentiate 
of the College of Precep- 
tors ; Jjcn (Fr.), Retire de 
credit (letter of credit). 

L.D., Light Dragoons, Low 
Dutch, (Amer.) Doctor of 
Letters; Ld., lord; l.d., 
litera dontinicalis (domini- 

. cal letter) ; Ii.Div.,^ Li- 
centiate in Divinity ; 
Iidp., lordship; L.D.S.*, 
Licentiate of Dental Sur- 

£E., Egyptian pounds (each 
£\. OS. 674d. sterling). 

lea*, untilled land, not lay, 
lee, ley. 

lead* (typ.), a thin strip of 
metal less than type high, 
used to separate lines 
(O.E.D.); thick — , 24 
to the inch ; thin — , 
36; eight to pica — , 
48; hair-lead, 72. Also 
to separate the lines of 
type by interposing leads. 

lead, symbol Pb. 

leaded/ matter*, — 
type*, having the lines 
separated by leads. 

leader, see leading art- 

leaderette* (typ.), a short 
editorial paragraph, print- 
ed in the same type as 
the leaders in a news- 
paper (O.E.D.). 

leader* (typ.), a group of 
three dots placed at in- 
tervals to guide the eye 

across a page, as 

... in tables of contents. 
Dashes not to be used 
for this purpose. 

leading* (typ.), the action 
of placing leads between 
lines of type (O.E.D.). 

leading article*, one of 
the longer large-type 
articles in a newspaper, 
appearing as the expres- 
sion of editorial opinion 
on any subject : a leader 
(O.E.D.) ; (typ.) first 
word usually indented 
one em ; and that and 
all names of persons and 
titles usually in s.caps. 

leaf* (typ.), one of a num- 
ber of folds (each con- 
taining two pages) which 
compose a book or manu- 
script ; a folio. Hence 
the matter printed or 
written thereon (O.E.D.). 
Two pages back to back. 

leaflet* (typ.), a small- 
sized leaf of paper, or a 
sheet folded into two or 
more leaves, containing 
printed matter, generally 
for gratuitous distribu- 

leaf-mould*, not -mold 

league, abbr. 1. 

Leamington, Warwick 
{see also Lem-). 

lean/*, -ed*, or-t*. 

lean-face type (typ.), 
that which has not the full 
breadth : unusually thin or 
narrow, as this. 

leap-frog*, a game (hy- 

leap year * (two 

learn/*, -ed*, or-t*. 

least common multiple, 
abbr. l.c.m. 

leatherette*, a cloth and 
paper imitation of lea- 

leaves, abbr. 11. 

Lebeuf (Abb6), 1687- 

Lebewohtt (Ger. n.) fare- 
well ! 

le boa temps viendra 
(Fr.), the good time will 



Lebmn (Charles), 1619- 
90, Fr. painter ; — 
(C. F.), 1739-1824, Fr. 
politician ; — (ificou- 
chard), 1729-1807, Fr. 
poet ; — (]Slisabeth 
Vig6e), 1755-1842, Fr. 
painter ; — (P. A.), 1785- 
1873, Fr. poet (one word). 

Lecocq (A. C.), 1832-, 

Lecoq (Monsieur), of Sir 
Conan Doyle's, and Ga- 
boriau's detective stories. 

Lecouvreur (Adri- 

enne), 1692-1730, act- 
ress; double-quoted, when 
name of the play. 

lect., lecture. 

Ie3tern*, «o/ -urn. 

Lectori benevoloi^ Lat. ) , to 
the kind reader; abbr.LjB. 

lee, untilled land, use lea*. 

lee^ use lief*. 

leeming, use lemm-*. 

Leeuv/enhoeck (Anton 
van), 1632-1723, micros. 

left (theat.) (from actor's 
point of view), abbr. L. 

Leg., legislative, -ure. 

leg., legal, legit (he, or she, 
reads), legunt (they read, 
pres. tense). 

legalize*, not -ise. 

Le Gallienne (Richard), 
1 866-, writer. 

leg-bye (cricket), not -by ; 
abbr. l.b. 

legenda (Lat.), things to 
be read. 

legerdemain* (notital.). 

ISgdretS (Fr. f.), frivoUty. 

leger line (mus.), not led-. 

leges (Lat.), laws ; abbr. //. 

Legh, family name of Baron 
Newton ; pron. lee {see 
also Leigh). 

legislat/ive, -ure, abbr. 


Legislative Assembly, 
abbr. L.A. (see also As- 

/e^^(Lat.), he,or she, reads ; 
abbr. leg. 

legitimize*, not -ise. 
legs (Fr. m.), legacy ; /roH. 

ligumes (Fr. m. pi.), table 

legunt (Lat.), they read 

(pres. tense^; abbr. leg. 
Lehigh University, 

U.S.A. (one word). 
Leibniz (G. W.), 1646- 

1716, philos., not -itz. 
Leicester, abbr. Leics. 
Leigh (Baron), pron. lee 

{see also Legh). 

pron. la'tn — (hyphen). 
Leipzig, abbr. Lpz. 
leitmotiv*, a theme as- 
sociated with a particular 

person, situation, or senti- 
ment (O.E.D.), not -if, 

le jeu Be vaut pas la 

cbandelle (Fr.), the 

game is not worth the 

le Juste milieu (Fr.), the 

golden mean. 
lekin, use likin*. 
Lely (Sir Peter), i6i8- 

80, painter. 
Lemaitre (Fr6d6ric), 

1800-76, Fr. actor ; — 

(Jules), 1853-, Fr. writer 

(one word). 
leming, use lemm- *. 
Lemington, Northumb. 

{see also Lea-), 
lemm/a*, a title or theme; 

pi. -as* (not ital.). 
lemm/a*, husk of a fruit; 

pi. -ata*. 
lemming*, rodent, not 

leeming, leming. 
Le Moine (Sir J. M.), 

1 825-, writer. 
Lemoinne (J. E.), 1815- 

92, Fr. journalist. 
Lempridre (John), 1765- 

1824, lexicographer. 
Lenclos (Ninon de), 

1616-1706, a Fr. beauty, 
lending library* (two 




length, abbr. 1. 

Lennox, family name of 
Duke of Richmond. 

Lennoxtown, Stirling 
(one word). 

Lenox Library, New 

lens/*, «oMense; pi. -es*. 

Lent*, from Ash-Wednes- 
day to Easter (cap.). 

lentHIej (Fr. f.), lentil; 
-S (pi.), freckles. 

Leominster, Hereford ; 
pron. lem'ster. 

Leonardo da Vinci, 
1452-1519, painter, etc., 
not Lio-; pron. — — 

leonid/*, a meteor; pl.-ea* 
(not ital.). 

Lepidoptera * is pi. 

leprechaun* (Ir.), a 
pigmy, sprite, not lepra-, 
-awn, leprechawn. 

Le Quexix (William), 
1 864-, writer (two 

Lermontoff (Mikhail 
Yurevitch), 1814-41, 
Russ. poet. 

LeRoyjJe veult, the Royal 
assent to Bills in Parlia- 
ment ; s*avisera, 

ditto dissent. 

Le Sage (Alain-E.en6), 
1668-1747, Fr. writer. 

les convenances (Fr. f.), 
the proprieties. 

lese-majesty*, treason 
(hyphen, not ital.); in Fr. 

leterals, use lit-*. 

Lethe*, a river in Hades ; 
pron. le'the. 

let-in notes (typ.), those 
let into the text, as dis- 
tinct from side-notes. 

rStoile du nord (Fr.), 
the North Star (motto of 
Minnesota) (I.e. «). 

le tout ensemble (Fr.), 
the general effect. 

letteral, use literal*. 

letter of marque, com- 
mission to plunder at 
sea ; pi. letters . 

letter-paper* is quarto 
size : note-paper is 8vo. 

letterpress* (one word). 

letters (printed) (typ.)y 
address, date, and signa- 
ture, should be in caps, 
and s.caps. {see also GOrre- 

letters of distinction, 
as F.R.S., LL.D., etc., 
are usually put in large 
caps. Even s.caps. often 
improve general effect. 

letters patent*. 

lettre d*avis (Fr. f.), letter 
of advice ; abbr. //a. 

lettre dej cachet (Fr. f.), 
warrant for imprison- 
ment ; credit, letter 

of credit ; abbr. Ijcr, ; pL 
lettres . 

lettuce *, not -ice. 

Leuckart (K. G. F. 
Rudolf), 1822-98, zo- 


Lev., Leviticus. 

lev (Bulgaria), tenpence 
Eng. ; pi. leva. 

levant morocco* (bind- 
ing), a superior quality 
with prominent grain. 

levee*, an assembly (no 
accent, not ital.). 

level/*, -led*, -ler*, 
-ling*, not -eled, etc. 

lever dej rldeau (Fr. m.), 
opening piece at theatre ; 

Stance y closing of 

a meeting. 

Leverrier (U. J. J.), 
1 81 1-77, French astr.(one 

Leveson-Gower, prou. 

Levingstone (Baron), 
{see also Li-). 

Leviticus, abbr. Lev. 

levo-,the prefix, «5d8Bvo-*. 

L§vy frdres (Michel), 
publishers, Paris (I.e./). 





Japan, use Loochoo — . 

Lewes, Sussex. 

Lewes (George Henry), 
1817-78, writer; — (Vi- 
vian B.), chemist (see 
also Lewis). 

Lewis, isle in Hebrides ; 
proH. lewz. 

Lewis (Sir G. Come- 
wall, «o/Cornw-), 1806- 
63, statesman, writer ; — 
(Sir George H.), 1833-, 
solicitor; — (J. F.), 
1805-76, painter {see also 

lewis*, key for stone-lifting, 
not lewiss, -on, louis, luis. 

lex (Lat.), law ; pi. leges. 

lexicog., lexicographer, -y, 

lexicon*, abbr. lex. (not 

lexj loci (Lat.), local cus- 
tom ; — non scrlpta, 
unwritten law; — scripts , 
statute law ; — iaiionis *, 
''an eye for an eye"; 
— terras, the law of the 

ley, untilled land, use lea*. 

Leyd., Leyden. 

Leys School, Camb. ; pron. 

lez (Fr. topog.), near ; pron. 

L.F.P.S., Licentiate of the 
Faculty of Physicians and 

L.G. (gunpowder, leather, 
wheat) large grain, Life 
Guards ; L.G.B., Local 
Government Board ; 

L.Ger., Low German ; 
L.Gr., Low Greek. 

l.h., left hand; L.H.A., 
Lord High Admiral. 

Lhasa, Tibet, noi -ssa, 

L.H.C., Lord High Chan- 
cellor ; L.H.D., Ltter- 
arum Humaniorum Doctor 
(untranslatable, approx. 
Doctor of the morehumane 

letters) ; L.H.T., Lord 
High Treasurer. 

L.I., (Amer.) Licentiate of 
Instruction, Light In- 
fantry, Long Island 

Li (chem.), lithium. 

liaison*, illicit connexion; 
joining of words ; (Fr. 
cook, f.), a thickening for 
sauces, etc. (ital.). 

iiantl (Fr.), fem. -e, flex- 
ible, complying. 

lib./, librarian, library ; — 
cat., library catalogue. 

lib,, liber (a book). 

libel/*, -led*,-ler*,-ling*, 
-lous*, not -&[&-, etc. 

liber (Lat.), a book; abbr. 
Ij., or lib. 

Liberal/, abbr. L. ; — 
Unionist, abbr. L.U. 
(caps., no hyphen). 

liberalize*, etc., «o^ -ise. 

librja *, pound, pi. -as; abbr. 
L., £, 1., lb., not Td, 
lbs. {see also L.. or £). 

librairle (Fr. m.), book- 
seller; -ie (f.), book- 
seller's shop. 

librar/ian, -y; abbr. lib. 

library, in Fr. f. biblio- 

librett/o* (It.), words of an 
opera, etc. ;/)/.-i*(notital.). 

libris (ex-)* (5. and pi.), 
from the library of; a book- 
plate (hyphen, not ital.). 

librlo (It.), a book ; pi. -/. 

Libyan desert. 

licence* (noun), a permit. 

lieens/e* (verb), to author- 
ize ; -ing *. 

licensed victualler*. 

licentiate, abbr. L. 

licet (Lat.), legal ; it is 

lichee, use litchi*. 

Lichfield, Staffs {see also 

lich-gate*, not ly-. 

lichi, «5tf litchi*. 

lickerish *, desirous, 

greedy ; but liquorice. 



Lick Observatory, Cali- 

licorice, use liquor- *. 

Lie (J. L. E.), 1833-, 
Norw. writer ; pron, lee. 

Liebfraumilch, a hock ; 
in Ger. Liebfrauen-. 

Liebig (Justus, baron 
von), 1803-73, chemist. 

Liedj (Ger. n.), a song ; pi. 

lief*, willingly, not leaf, 

Li^ge, Belgium, not Lie-. 

Uegende Schrift (Ger. 
typ. f.), italic type, use 

lies (Ger.), read ; abbr. 1. 

lieu*, — in lieu of— (not 

liea (Fr. m.), place. 

lieue (Fr. f.), league. 

Lieutenant/, abbr. Lt., or 

Lieut. ; Colonel*, 

abbr, Lt.-, or Lieut.- 
Col. ; — Commander* 
(U.S.) ; — -General, 
abbr. Lt.-, or Lieut. - 
Gen. ; — -Governor*, 
abbr. Lt.-, or Lieut.- 
Gov. (hyphens). 

Uhvre (Fr. m.), hare. 

life-assurance*, not — 
insurance {see also as- 

life/-boat*, — -guard*, 
like* (hyphens). 

lifelong* (one word). 

life-size* (hyphen). 

lifetime * (one word). 

Lifford (Viscount). 

ligature* (typ.), two or 
more letters joined to- 
gether and forming one 
character or type, as a?, 
ffi ; a monogram ; also a 
stroke connecting two 
letters (O.E.D.) {see also 
8B [ligature]). 

lighthouse* (one word). 

Light Infantry, abbr. 
L.I., or Lt. Inf. 

lightning (naut.), abbr. 1. 

lightship* (one word). 

lignel (Fr. f.), a line; — 
de iete (typ.), the run- 
ning title. 

Li Hung- Chang, 1823- 
1901, Chinese statesman 
(one hyphen). 

likeable *, not lika-. 

likin* {Chin.), transit duty, 
not le-. 

Lilford (Baron). 

Liliput/, -ian, use Lilli- *. 

lillibullero *, a song re- 
frain, not the many varia- 
tions (not ital.). 

Lilliput/*, -ian*, not Lili- 
(not ital.). 

Lilly (W.), 1602-81, as- 
trol. ; — (W. S.), 1840-, 

Lily (W.), 1468-1522, 

lily of the valley* (no 

Hmande (Fr. f.), the dab- 

limbo/*,/)/, -s (not ital.). 

limbusj fatuorum (Lat.), 
a fooPs paradise ; — in- 
fantum*, the paradise 
of infants ; — patfum*, 
ditto of the fathers; — 

lime-kiln* (hyphen). 

limelight * (one word). 

limestone* (one word). 

Limited, abbr. Ltd. 

limy *, lime-like, not -ey. 

lin., lineal, -ear. 

Unable *, not -cable. 

linament, use lini-*. 

Lincei (Real© Accade- 
mia dei, also Accade- 
mia Romana dei 
IsTuovi-), the Academy of 

Lincolnshire,abbr. Lines 
(no point). 

Lindl. (hot.), Lindley. 

Lindsay (Earl of), fam- 
ily name Bethune ; — 
(Sir Coutts), 1824-. 

Lindsey (Earl of), family 
name Bertie. 



line, abbr. 1. ; pi. 11. ; liny, 

not -ey. 

line/al, -ar, abbr. lin. 

lineament *, a feature {see 
also lini- *;. 

linear paper, that with 
water-mark lines to guide 

line block (typ.), one in 
which the various tones 
are represented by lines. 

linendraper/, -y* (one 

line-process block (typ.), 
a direct photo relief 
printing block in which 
the image is formed by 

lingerie* (Fr. f.), linen 
goods (ital.). 

Lingg (Hermann), 1820-, 
Ger. poet. 

lingua franca*, a mixed 
jargon (not ital.). 

liniment *, an embroca- 
tion, not lina- {see also 

lining paper* (binding^, 
that inside the cover. 

link, abbr. 1. 

Iilnn/aean*, abbr.Iiinn.; but 
-ean Society, London 
(off. spelling); abbr. L.S. 

IjinnaBus (Carolus), 
1707-78, naturalist ; in 
Sw. Carl von Iiiiin6; 
abbr. L., or Linn. 

linotype* (typ.), a machine 
for casting lines or bars 
of words, etc., as a sub- 
stitute for type-setting by 

linsey-"woolsey *, a fabric, 
not linsy-, -wolsey. 

liny*, full of lines, not-ey. 

Lionardo da Vinci {see 

lionize*, «o/-ise. 

Lions (Gulf of), in Fr. 
golfe du Lion, not Lion, 
Lyon, -s. 

Lippi (Pra Filippo), 
1 4 1 2-69 ; — ( Pilippino) , 
1 460-1504, It. painters. 

lipsalve* (one word). 

liq., liquid, liquor. 

lique/faction*, -fiable*, 
-fy*, not liqui-. 

liqueur * (not ital.). 

liquid, abbr. liq. 

liquidambar *, not -er 
(one word, not ital.). 

liquor on draught, not 

liquorice*, not lie-. 

use licker-*. 

lir/a*. It. coin about ten- 
pence Eng. ;/>/. -e*, abbr. 

Lisle (Baron), ^ro«. lei (5^* 
also De Lisle). 

lisse* (Fr. £), a silk 

lissom*, supple, not -e. 

List (Priedrich), 1789- 
1846, Ger. economist. 

listen T^r what we expect ; 
— to what we hear. 

Liszt (Abbe Pranz), 
181 1-86, pianist. 

lit., litre, literal, -ly, liter- 
ary, literature. 

Litchfield, Hants, also 
Connecticut, U.S.A. {see 
also Lich-). 

litchi*, «o/the many varia- 
tions (not ital.). 

Lit.D. Literarunt Doctor 
(Doctor of Letters) {see 
also D.Lit., Litt.D.). 

lite pendente (Lat.), dur- 
ing the trial. 

liter/al, -ally, -ary, 
-ature ; abbr. lit. 

literalize*, etc., to render 
literal, not -ise. 

literal* (typ.), a literal 
error : those of the com- 
positor in substituting 
one character for another, 
including ''turns,'' 

" wrong founts," and 
defective types ; not le-, 

litera scripts manet 
(Lat), the written word 


LITEKATI — lili.B. 

Uteratji*, the learned as 

a class ; stttg. 


-us, litt- 

Uteratim* (Lat.), letter 
for letter. 

literature, in Fr. f. litti- 
rature, in Gar. f. Litte- 

Xjith., Lithuanian. 

lithium*, symbol Li. 

lithography*, printing 
from smooth porous stone; 
abbr. litho. 

lithotype*, stereo made 
with composition pressed 
while hot into a plaster 
mould taken from type. 

liit.Huin., Liieras Human- 

litigious *. 

LitolfF (Henry), music 
publisher, Paris. 

litre*, -22 gaK, or 1*76 pint, 
not -er ; abbr. 1., or lit. 
(not ital.). 

Ijitt.D., Literarunt Doctor 
(Doctor of Letters, Camb., 
and T.C.D.), not D.Lit. 
(Doctor of Literature) 
{see also Lit.D.). 

nttirateur* (Fr.m.),aliter- 
ary man. 

mteratiy use Ute-\ 

Litteratur (Ger. f.), litera- 
ture (cap.}. 

llttSrature (Fr. f.), litera- 

Iiittle-^o*, "The Previous 
Exammation " at Cam- 
bridge, and T.C.D. (cap., 
hyphen, not ital.). 

Littlehampton, Sussex 
(one w^ord). 

Little Peddlington, ima- 
ginary place (two d^s). 

Littleton, family name of 
Baron Hatherton (see also 

Littletown, Dur, Yorks 
(one word). 

Littr6 (M. P. E.), 1801- 
81, Fr. lexicog. 

liturg., liturgies, -ical, 


Liukiu, use Loochoo. 

//v. (Fr.), livre (m. book, 
f. pound). 

liveable *, not liva-. 

Liver/politan, -pud- 
lian*, inhab, of Liver- 

live stock* (two words). 

Livingston, well-known 
Amer. family. 

Livingstone (David), 
i8i3-73> traveller (see also 

llvraison* (Fr. f.), a part 
of a work published by 

livre (Fr. m.), book; (f.) 
pound; abbr. L., or 

liv, st, (Fr.), livre sterling 
(pound sterling). 

L. J., Lord Justice ; L. JJ., 
Lords Justices. 

L.K.Q.C.P.I., Licentiate 
of the King and Queen's 
College of Physicians, 
Ireland, now L.R.C.P.I. 

LL.*, of laws; L.L., late-, 
law-, or Low-, Latin, 
Lord- Lieutenant, -s. 

11., leaves, lines, leges 
(laws) ; (typ.) this abbr. 
not to end a line. 

-11 (words ending in), fol- 
lowed by -ful, -ly, -ness, 
usually omit one /. 

L.L.A., Lady Literate in 
Arts (St. Andrews Uni- 

LL.AA.II. (Fr. f.), Leurs 
Altesses Intperiales (Their 
Imperial Highnesses) ; 
LL.AA.mi., Leurs 

Altesses Royales (Their 
Royal Highnesses). 

llama*, S.Amer. rumi- 
nant, not la- {see aho 

Llandeilo Group (geol.) 

llano*, S.Amer. plains. 

LL.B.* (Lat.), Legum 
Baccalaureus (Bachelor 
of Laws) (two points 



only) ; IiIi.D.*, Legum 
Doctor (Doctor of Laws) 
(two points only) ; (Fr. f.), Leurs 
Excellences (Their Excel- 
lencies) ; Ijlj.ifi:^. (Fr. f.), 
Leurs Eminences (Their 

Llewelsm, Welsh name, 
not -ellyn, ellynn. 

Xj.Xi.I., Lord-Lieutenant of 
Ireland; L.LL. (Amer.), 
Licentiate in Laws ; 
IjIj.M., Legum Magister 
(Master of Laws) ; 
LL.MM. (Fr.), Leurs 
Majestes (Their Majes- 

Lloyd (Norddeutscher), 
the North-German Lloyd 
Steamship Co. (two 
words) ; abbr. N.D.L. 

Lloyds, the bankers (no 

Lloyd's/, the association of 
underwriters, not -s' ; — 
marks, in order of merit, 
for wooden ships, Al, 
Al (in red), ^, and E; 
for iron or steel, 100 Al, 
80 A 1, 80 A 1 {see also 

L.M. (Amer.), Licentiate 
in Medicine, ditto in Mid- 
wifery ; long metre ; /. yW. 
(Ger.), laufenden Monats 
(of the current month) ; 
L.M.D., long metre 
double ; L.M.S., Lon- 
don Missionary Society. 

LXl (electricity), the legal 

loadstar, use lodestar* 
(one word). 

loadstone*, not lode- (one 

load - water - line * (hy- 
phens) ; abbr. L.W.L. 

Loanda, W. Afr., not St. 
Paul de — . 

loath*, averse, not loth. 

loathe*, to hate. 

Lobanov (Prince), not 
-of, -off. 

** Lobgesang," song of 
praise by Mendelssohn, 

lobscouse*, a sailor's dish. 

lob-worm* (hyphen). 

local (Fr. m.), a place, 

locale, erron. for local* 

localize*, not -ise. 

located, placed or situated 

loc. cit., loco citato (in the 
place cited) (not ital.). 

loch, Scotch lake, not -ck. 

Lochalsh, Ross; Lochow 
(it's a far cry to) ; Loch 
Awe, Argyl ; Loch- 
eamhead, Perth ; 

Lochgilphead, Argyl ; 
Lochleven, Kinross ; 
Lochnagar, mountain 
in Aberdeen (one word). 

Lock/e(John), 1632-1704, 
philos. ; -ian*, not -ean. 

lock-jaw* (hyphen). 

lock-out*, employers' 

strike; pi. lock-outs* 

locksmith* (one word). 

lock-up* (hyphen). 

Lockwood (Crosby) & 
Son, publishers, London. 

loco*, locomotive. 

locojiLaX.), in the place ; — 
citato, ditto cited, abbr. 
I.e., or loc. cit. (not ital.) ; 
— laudato, ditto cited 
with approval, abbr. loc. 
laud. ; — supra citato, 
in the place before cited, 
abbr. l.s.c. (not ital.). 

locum/-tenency * (hy- 
phen) ; — tenens*, a 
substitute,/)/. — tenentes 
(not ital.). 

locjus (Lat.), a written pas- 
sage, a curve, pi. 'I; locusi 
cltatUS, the passage 
quoted ; — classlCUS *, 
an authoritative passage 
from a standard book, pi. 
loci classlcl; — com- 
munis*, a common- 


place ; lOCUS delicti, the 

place of a crime ; — 
in quo*, the place in 
which ; — pwnitentias*, 

a place of repentance ; 
— sigilliy the place of 
the seal, abbr. L.S. ; — 
standi, recognized posi- 
tion, (law) right to appear. 

lodestar*, not load-. 

lodestone, use load- *. 

lodg/e*, -eable*, -ment, 

lodging-house * (hy- 


loess *(geol.),wo^loess,10ss. 

Lofoten Isles, Norway, 
not -den, -ffoden. 

log., logarithm. 

logan-stone*, «o/loggan-, 

Logau (Friedrich von), 
1604-55, Ger. poet. 

log-book* (hyphen). 

loge*, a theatre stall (not 

loggia/* (It.), a gallery; pi 

logijon*, a religious maxim ; 
pi. -a*. 

logomachize, not -ise. 

logotype* (typ.), several 
letters, or a word, cast 
on one body, as ''Co.," 
"Road," for printing a 
directory, etc. 

log-roll/*, -er*, -ing* 

Loire, Fr. river, also dep. ; 

Haute , dep. ; Loire - 

Inferieure, dep. 

LoiF-et-Cher, Fr. dep. 

lollipop*, a sweetmeat, not 

Lombroso (Cesare), 
1836-, criminologist. 

London., sig. of present 
Bp. of London, not -in. 
(full point). 

London/, abbr. L., or 
Lond. ; — Apprentice, 
town in Cornwall ; — 
County Council/, -lor, 
abbr. L.C.C. 

long., longitude. 

longe, use lu- *. 

Jonge (Fr. cook, f.), loin. 

longeval*, «o/-aeval. 

Longfellow (Henry 

"Wadsworth, not 

Words-), 1807-82, poet. 

Longford (Earl of). 

long-hand*, ordinary 

handwriting (hyphen). 

Long Island, U.S.A.; 
abbr. L.I. 

longitude, abbr. long. 

long/ letter (typ.), a, e, 
etc. ; — mark*, that placed 
over the long letter : the 

Longmynd Group (geol.) 

lottgo Intervallo (Lat.), 
at a long interval. 

long page (typ.), one 
having a line or lines 

• more than its companion 

long primer (typ.), a size 
of type as this, 7 j^ lines 
to the inch, gj^ point, 
J>ron. — primer (two 
words) ; abbr. l.p. 

long run (in the)* (two 

Longships, lighthouse off 

long-shore*, but long- 
shoreman * (no apos.). 

long vowel (typ.), a, e, etc. 

long/ways*, -wise* (one 

Loochoo Islands, Japan 
(one word); not Lew- 
Chew, Liukiu, Riukiu. 

looking-glass* (hyphen). 

look/ out*, pi. — outs* 
(two words). 

loophole* (one word). 

loosestrife * (bot.) (one 

loping*, with long strides, 
7tot lope-. 

lop-sided* (hyphen). 

loquitur {Lat.), he, or she, 
speaks ; abbr. loq. 


Loralai, near Quetta {see 
also Lorelei). 

lord, abbr. Ld. 

Lord/- Advocate of Scot- 
land, abbr. L.A.S. ; — 
Chamberlain, — Chan - 
cellor, abbr. L.C. ; — 
Chief Baron, abbr. 
L.C.B. ; — Chief Jus- 
tice, abbr. L.C.J. ; — 
Justice*, abbr. L.J., pi. 
L. JJ.; — Lieutenant*, 

pi. S* (hyphen), abbr. 

L.L.; — Mayor* (two 
words, caps.); — of hosts, 
— of lords, as Deity (one 
cap.); — Privy Seal, 
abbr. L.P.S. ; — Pro- 
vost, abbr. L.P. 

Lord's Cricket Ground, 
London (apos.). 

Lord's Day (caps.). 

lordship, abbr. Ldp. 

Lord's/ Prayer, — Sup- 
per, — Table (caps.). 

Lorelei, on Rhine, not -ey, 
Lurlei {see also Loralai). 

Lorenzo, see Louren90. 

Loreto, Peru. 

Lor/etto, N.E. Italy, proper- 
ly -eto ; also Sjot. school. 

lorgnette * (Fr. f.), opera- 
glass, or pair of eye- 
glasses with long handle. 

loris*, the Ceylon sloth, not 
lori, lory. 

lorry*, a wagon, noi lu-. 

lory*, one of the parrots. 

Los Angeles, California. 

loss (geol.), «s^ loess*. 

lota*, Hindu brass water- 
pot, not lotah, -oote, loto. 

Lot-et- Garonne, dep. Fr. 

loth, averse, use loath*. 

Loti (Pierre), pen-name 
of Julien Viaud, 1850-, 
Fr. writer. 

loto, Ms^lota*. 

lotus-eater*, noi lotos-. 

Lou., erroneous for La. 

Loudoun (Earl of). 

Louisiana, U.S.A. ; off. 
abbr. La. 

Louis Philippe, 1773- 
1850, Fr. king. 

Louis/- Quatorze*, 1643- 
1715; — Quinze*,i7i5- 
74; — -Seize*, 1774-93; 
— -Treize*, 1610-43 
(Louis XIV, XV, XVI, 
XIII), artstyles (hyphens). 

loukoum (Gr., Turk.), 
national sweetmeat. 

loung/e*, -ing. 

lour*, to frown, not lower. 

Lourenco Marques, S.E. 
Afr., not Lorenzo — . 

louver*, shutters, venti- 
lators, not -re. 

lovable*, not -cable. 

'•Love's Labour's 

Lost," Shakespeare, 

1598 (two apos.). 

Low Church *, Low- 
Churchman (caps., hy- 

Low (Sampson), Mars- 
ton, & Co., publishers, 

Lowe (Robert), 181 1-92, 
Viscount Sherbrooke ; — 
(Sir Hudson), 1769- 
1844, custodian of Napo- 
leon at St. Helena. 

lower, to frown, use lour*. 

low^er-case letters (typ.), 
the small ones, as a b c, 
not caps., or s.caps. ; abbr. 
I.e. (5^^a/5o capitaliza- 

Low Sunday*, first after 
Easter (caps.). 

low water* (two words). 

low-water mark (hy- 
phen). • 

Loyd (Lady Mary), 

Loyson (Charles), 1827-, 
"Pere Hyacinthe." 

L.P., large-paper copies of 
a book. Lord Provost, 
(paper) large post; l.p., 
low pressure, (typ.) long 
primer type ; L.P.M., 
long peculiar metre ; 
L.P.S., Lord Privy Seal; 
Lpz., Leipzig. 

L.R.C. — LYAIiL 

Ij.R.C., Labour Represen- 
tation Committee, Lon- 
don Rowing Club ; 
Ij.R.C.P., Licentiate of 
the Royal College of Phy- 
sicians ; Ii.R.C.P.E., 
ditto of Edinburgh ; 
L.R.C.P.I., ditto of 
Ireland; L.R.C.S., 

Licentiate of the Royal 
College of Surgeons ; 
L.R.C.S.E., ditto of 
Edinburgh ; L.R.C.S.I., 
ditto of Ireland; 

L.II.C.V.S., Licentiate 
of the Royal College of 
Veterinary Surgeons. 

Ii.S., Lir 


locus sigilli (the place 
of the seal) ; I.S., left 
side ; L.S.A., Licentiate 
of the Society of Apothe- 
caries ; Ij.S.B., London 
School Board; Ii.S.C, 
London Society of Com- 
positors ; l.s.C, loco 
supra citato (in the place 
before cited); L.S.D.*, 
librse, solidi, denarii 
(pounds, shillings, and 
pence) ; £ s. d. (typ.) 
see punctuation, XXI, 


Ii.T., Lira Turca (Turk, 
pound) ; Lt., Lieutenant ; 
L.T. & S.R., London, Til- 
bury, and Southend Rail- 
way ; Lt.-Col., Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel ; Ltd., 
Limited ; Lt.-Qen., Lieu- 
tenant-General ; L.Th., 
Licentiate of Theology 
(Durham); Lt.Inf., Light 

(L.U.), Liberal Unionist. 

Lucan*, of St. Luke, not 

Lucerne, in German 

lucerne*, a plant, not 

"Lucile," by Lytton, 
i860, not -lie. 

Lucknow, Oudh, India, 

lucas a non lucendo 

(Lat.), approx. inconse- 
quent or illogical. 
Luggnagg, island in 

'* Gulliver s Travels." 
lug-sail* (hyphen). 
luis, use le"wis *. 
Luke (St.) (New T.), not 

to be abbreviated ; adj. 

Lucan, not Luk-. 
lukewarm/ *, -ness *, 

tepid (one word). 
lumbar* (anat.), of the 

lumjen* (an&t.^j an open- 
ing; pi. -ina*. 
lumine sicco {in) (Lat), 

lunch*, " a more colloq. 

synonym of luncheon. 

Now the usual word, 

except in specially formal 

use " (O.E.D.). 
lunge*, long rope for 

exercising horses, not Ic-. 
lupine* (bot.), not -in. 
Lurlei, use Lorelei. 
"Lusiad (The),** by 

Camoens, 1572. 
Lusitania, Portugal. 
lustlium *, a five-year 

period ; pi. -a *. 
lusus naturae* (Lat.), a 

freak of nature ; pi. same. 
Luth., Lutheran, 
luxe (Edition de)* (Fr.), 

a sumptuous edition (not 

ital.) ; train de luxe*, 

luxurious railway train. 
Luxembourg, Gardens 

and Palace, Paris. 
Luxemburg, Belgium, 

also Grand Duchy of — . 
Luzern, German for 

L.V. (elec), legal volt. 
L.W.L., load-water-line. 
L.W.O.S.T., Low Water 

Ordinary Spring Tides. 
LXX*, the Septuagint, 

seventy (no points). 
Lyall (Sir Alfred C), 

1835-, writer; —(Edna\ 

pen-name of Miss A. E. 


liYAIiL — Ii.-ZUG 

Bayly, 1858- 1902 ; Lyall 
(W. R., Dean), 1788- 
1857, writer (see also 

Iyc6e* (Fr. m.), higher 
secondary school. 

lychee, use Mtchi*. 

lych-gate, use lich *. 

lyddite *, an explosive 
(two d^s). 

Lyell (Sir Charles), 
1797-1875, geologist {see 
also Lyall). 

lying-in*, childbed (hy- 

Lyly (John), 1554-1606, 
the Euphuist. 

lynch lavvr *, not-s, Linch's 
(two words). 

Lynds/ay, -ey, see Li-. 

iyjiKl*,pl. -es*. 

Lyon King-of-Arms*, 

chief Scottish herald. 
Lyonnais (Cr6dit), Fr. 

banking corporation. 
Lyons, in Fr. Lyon {see 

also Lions), 
lyr., lyric. 

lysin* (chem.), mo^ -ine. 
Lyte (Henry F.), 1793- 

1847, hymn-writer ; — 

(Sir H. C. Maxwell-), 

1 848-, writer. 
Lyttelton, family name of 

Viscount Cobham, also 

town in New Zealand {see 

also Littleton). 
Lyveden (Baron), pron. 

L.-Zug (Ger. mS), Luxus- 

Zug (a luxurious railway 




aat, 15 





M., Majesty, Marquess, 
member, middle, militia, 
Monday, the twelfth in 
a series, all proper names 
with this initial, (Fr.) 
main (hand), mtlle (a 
thousand), Monsieur, 

( Ger. ) mark— about a shil- 
ling, (It.) ntano (hand), 
mezzjo, -a{ha\{),{L&t.)ma- 
gister (master), medicitix 
(of medicine), metro- 
nome, (paper) medium 

M, looo (no point). 

M*, see Mae. 

m., male, married, mas- 
culine, meridian, -ional, 
metre, -s, mile, -s, mill, 
minute, -s, month, -s, 
moon, (Lat.) tneridies 
(noon), (mech.) mass, 
(naut.) mist. 

m/ (Fr.), mois (month). 

V\ , minim (drop). 

H (Gr. m.), micromillimetre 
(the millionth of a milli- 
metre), micron (ditto 
metre), (math.) modu- 
lus, (phys.) symbol 
for magnetic permea- 

M.A., Magister Artiunt 
(Master of Arts), Military 

ma (It.), but. 

ma. (elec), milliampere. 

m/a (book-keeping), my 

ma'am, see m.adain. 

Maartens (Maarten), 
pen-name of van der 
Poorten Schwartz, 1858-, 
Dutch writer. 

Maastricht, not Maes-. 

M.A.B., Metropolitan 

Asylums Board. 

M.A.B.Y.S., Metropolitan 


Association for Befriend- 
ing Young Servants. 

Mac (the prefix), spelling 
depends upon custom of 
the one bearing the name, 
and this must be fol- 
lowed, as: — MacDonald, 
Macdonald, McDonald, 
M'^Donald, M'Donald. 
(The turned comma is 
usual here, not the apos.) 
In alphabetical arrange- 
ment it should, however 
spelt, be placed under Mac. 

macabre (danse) (Fr. f.), 
not macaber, machabree. 

macaco*, a monkey, not 
-acco, -auco. 

macadamize *,«o/-ise {not 

macarism*, blessing, not 

maoaron/i*, «o/macc-; pi. 

maca'w*, a parrot, not 
macao, maccaw. 

Mace. (1, 2), Maccabees 
I, II. 

Maecabean, of the Macca- 
bees, not -baean. 

MoCall (R. A.), 1849-, 
barrister (not M'-). 

Macohiavelli, use 


macooboy*,ascented snuff, 
not the many varia- 

MaccoU (Canon Mal- 
colm), 1838-1907, writer. 

Maeeulloch (J.), 1773- 
1835, geologist. 

M«Culloch (J. R.)» 
1 789-1864, econ. 

Maeed., Macedonian. 

macidoine (Fr. cook, f.), 
mixed fruit. 

Maegillicuddy*s Reeks, 
mountains in Kerry. 




MacGregor, fam. name of 
Rob Roy. 

machairodus*, sabre- 
toothed lion, not machae-. 

ma cbkre (Fr. f.), my 

Machiavell/i (Nicold), 
1469-1527, Italian writer, 
not Macch- ; -ism*, not 

macbina (Lat.), a machine; 
pron. ma'ki-na. 

maohineful*, not -full 

machinize *, etc., not -ise. 

Machpelah, burial-place 
of Abraham, «o/Macp-. 

maointosh, a waterproof, 
but mack-*. 

MoKinley (William), 
1843-1901, Amer. Pres. 

mackle* (typ.), blurred 
from defective printing, 
not made, macule {set also 

Maolaren (Ian), pen- 
name of Rev. Dr. John 
Watson, 1850-, writer. 

made* (mineral.) {see also 

Maclean (Very Rev. 
A. J.), 1858-, writer; 
pron. mak-lan'. 

Maoleane (Rev. D.), 
1 856-, writer ; pron. 

MacXjehose & Sons, pub- 
lishers, Glasgow ; pron. 


MacMahon (M. E. P. 
M. de), 1808-93, Fr. 
President 1873-9; — 
(Major P. A.), 1854-, 

Macmillan & Co., Ltd., 
publishers, London, not 

Macon, Georgia, U.S.A. 
Ma,con, dep. Sadne-et- 

Loire ; also a. Burgundy, 

not -9on. 
inacrani6* lace, «o/ mi. 


macrocosm*, the great 

world {see also mi-\ 
macron*, the long mark 

over a vowel, as a. 
macroscopic*, visible to 

the naked eye. 
macrurous* (zool.), long 

tailed, not raacrourous. 
Macsycophant (Sir 

Pertinax), in Macklin's 

"Man of the World." 
macuija* (Lat.), a spot; pi. 

macule, use mackle*. 
madam*, pi. -s, abbr. 

Mad. ; colloq. abbr. *m, 

ma*am, marm, m*m, 

Madame*, abbr. Mme,Mo/ 

Mdme ; pi. Mesdames*, 

abbr. Mmes (in Fr. no 

point after abbrs.). 
Madcben (Ger. n.), girl ; 

pi. same (cap.). 
Madeley, Staffs. 
Mademoiselle *, abbr. 

Mile, not Mdlle ; pi. 

Mesdemoiselles *,abbr. 

Miles, not Mdlles (in Fr. 

no point after abbrs. ). 
tnaddre (Fr. m.), Madeira 

Madley, Hereford. 
Madonna *,theVirginMary 

madonna (It.), my lady, 

madam (in 3rd person 

only, not cap.). 
marfrasaZi* (I nd.), a school 

or college, not the many 

Madras Staff Corps, 

abbr. M.S.C. 
madregal *,afish,«o/ med-. 
madrigal*, a part-song. 
Mad. Univ., Madison Uni- 
versity, U. S. A. ;Madras — . 
Maecenas/ *, a patron of the 

arts, not Me- ; pi. -es*. 
maelstrom *, not mal-. 
Maenad*/, a priestess of 

Bacchus, not Me- ; pi. -a. 
Maestricht, Holland, usc 



maestrjo* (It. mus.), 
master, composer ; pi. -/. 

Maeterlinck (Maurice), 
1864-, writer. 

Mafia*, It. secret society. 

tna foil (Fr.) upon my 
word ! 

Mag., Magyar. 


Maga*, colloq. for "Black- 
wood's Magazine." 

magasin dej modes (Fr. 
m.), dressmaker's shop ; 
nouveautSs, linen- 
draper's — , not — des — . 

inagazine, abbr. mag. 

magazines (titles of) 
(typ.), when cited, to be 
roman double-quoted. 

magdalen*, an asylum, a 
reformed prostitute. 

Magdalen College, Ox- 
ford, proM. maud'lin; abbr. 

Magdalene College, Cam- 
bridge, pron. maud'lin ; 
abbr. Magd. 

Magendie (Fran9ois), 
1783-1855, French phy- 
siol. (see also Maj-). 

maggot*, a grub {see also 

proH. mar'a-morn. 

magilp, artists' medium, 
use megilp *. 

tn agister* (Lat. m.), mas- 
ter,abbr.M.;— art/ll^*, 
Master of Arts, abbr. 
M.A. ; — Chlrurgias, 
ditto Surgery, M.Ch. 

magistrand*, fourth-year 
student in Sc. university. 

magma/*, a mass; pi. -s. 

Magna Charta*, not — 
Carta ; pron. — kar'ta. 

magna est Veritas et 
prmvalet (Lat.), great is 
truth and it prevails ; 
ditto prsevalebit, ditto 
will prevail. 


magnetize*, «o/ -ise. 

magnif/y *, -ied*, -ying*. 

magnifying glass* (two 

magnum *, a reputed two- 
quart wine bottle. 

magnum bonum*, a com- 
mon trade name (two 
words, not ital.). 

magnjum opjus * ( Lat.),an 
author's chief work ; pi. 
-a -era. 

magot*, ape, also Chin, or 
Jap. figure {see also mag- 

M.Agr. (Amer.), Master of 

magi us*, a wise man ; pi. 
-/*; but the Magi (cap.). 

Magyar*, dominant race 
in Hungary, also an Hun- 
garian ; pron. ma'dyor ; 
abbr. Mag. 

magyarize*, etc., wo/ -ise. 

" Mahabharata/* Indian 
epic, accent on third 

Mahame/dan, -tan, use 
Mohammedan *. 

Mahan (Capt. A. T.), 
1840-, Amer. naval writer; 
pron. ma-han'. 

Mahara/jah*, noi-ja, Ind. 
title; pron. ma-ha-rah'ja ; 
/em. -nee*, not -ni. 

mahaut, use mahout*. 

mahlstick, painter's hand- 
rest, «5^maul-*. 

mahlstrom, use mael- *. 

Mahom/ed, -et, -edan, 

mahout*, elephant-driver, 
not -aut. 

Mahratta*, Ind. race, not 
Maratha, Marhatta. 

Mahratti*, Indian dialect. 

mahseer*, large fresh- 
water fish, not the many 

mahwa*, E. Indian tree, 
not the many variations. 

M.A.I., Member of the 
Anthropological Institute. 

maidan* (Ind., Pers.), an 
esplanade, not -aun. 



maidenhair* (bot.) (one 

maieutic*, helping child- 

maigre * day (R.C.C.), one 
when no flesh is eaten. 

mailable* (U.S.A.), cap- 
able of being sent by mail. 

mala] (Fr. f.), a hand, also 
a quire, abbr. M. : — 
droite, right hand, abbr. 
M.D. ; — gauche, left — , 

Maine, U.S.A. 


abbr. Me. 

Maine-et-IiOire, dep. Fr. 

Maine Liquor Law, 

mainprize*, not -ise. 

main/sail*, -spring* (one 

Mainwaring, pron. man'- 

Mainiz amRhein, Ger. for 
Mayence on theEMne. 

maisonj d* arret (Fr. f.), 
prison ; — de cam- 
pagne, country house ; 
— de santif private 
asylum ; — de vllle, 
guildhall ; — gartlie, fur- 
nished house. 

maisonnette*, a small 

mai/re/, title of Fr. advocate, 
abbr. M^ ; — d' hotel* 
(Fr. ro.), house steward ; 
k la , plainly pre- 
pared with parsley (no 

mattresse (Fr. f.), mis- 

maiuscolla (It. typ.), cap- 
ital letter; -etto, small 
capital letter. 

Maj., Major. 

Majendie (Sir V. D.), 
1836-98, Inspector of Ex- 
plosives {see also Mag-). 

Majeste (Sa) (Fr. f.), His, 
orHer,Majesty,«o/5o« — . 

Majesty.abbr.M. ; />/.MM. 

major-domo *, a house 

steward (hyphen); in It. 

Major/, abbr. Maj.; — 
-General (caps., hy- 
phen), abbr. Maj.-Gen. 

mijuscullae (Lat.), capital 
letters ; in Fr. f. -es. 

makarism, use maca- *. 

make-believe* (hyphen). 

make even (typ.), in com- 
posing, the last word of 
a "take" of copy to end a 
full line ; same as end even. 

makeshift* (one word). 

make-up* (typ.), arrange- 
ment of matter into pages. 

make-weight* (hyphen). 

Mai., Malachi, Malayan. 

malac, malacology. 

maladdress*, awkward- 
ness (one word, not ital.) ; 
in Fr. f, maladresse 

malade imaginaire (Fr. 
m.), imaginary invalid. 

maladroit* (not ital.). 

ously; — fides*, bad 
faith; mala in se (Lat.), 
acts which are intrinsic- 
ally wrong. 

Malagasy*, native of 

malaise* (Fr. m.), discom- 

mala praxis* (Lat.), bad 

Malaprop (Mrs.), in 
"The Rivals" by Sheri- 
dan, 1775. 

malapropos*, unseason- 
ably ; inFr. malapropos. 

Malayan, abbr. Mai. 

malcontent*, not male-. 

mal del mer* (Fr. m.), 

sea-sickness; iBie 

(m.), headache. 

Maiden, Surrey. 

mal du pays (Fr. m.), 

male, abbr. m., (bot., zool.) 
sign i. 

malentendu (Fr. m.), 
mistake (one word). 



tnal entendu (Fr.), mis- 
understood (two words). 

Malesherbes (C. G. de 
Ij. de), 1721-94, Fr. 
statesman {see also Mal- 

Malet (Lucas), pen-name 
of Mrs. M.St. L. Harrison. 

malgrSj* (Fr.), in spite of; 
— elle, ditto herself; — 
euXf — elles, ditto them- 
selves; — luJ, ditto him- 
self; — mo/, ditto myself. 

Malherbe (Francois de), 
1555-1628, Fr. writer {see 
' also Malesherbes). 

Mallow, Co. Cork. 

malm*, brick earth, not 

Malmaison, near Paris 
(one word). 

malm.sey*, a sweet wine, 
not -sie, -esie, -asye. 

Malplaquet (battle of), 

malpractice*, misbeha- 
viour, not -se. 

malstrom, use mael- *. 

Malte-Brun (K.), 1775- 
1826, Fr. geographer. 

Maltese cross, »]^ '^see also 
cross, crux). 

Malthus (T. R.)> 1766- 
1 834, writer on population . 

tniljum (Lat.), an evil, pi, 
-a; malum] In se, an in- 
trinsic evil ; — prohibit- 
um, a prohibited wrong. 

m. a m. (Fr.), mot a mot 
(word for word). 

mameluke*, Egyptian 
mounted soldier, not 
mama-, mamlouk, mem- 
look, -luk. 

mamillary*, not mammil-.*, not mama. 

mammja * (Lat.), a teat ; pi. 

mammonize*, «o/-ise. 

Man. (paper), Manila. 

mian., manual. 

Man (Isle of), abbr. 
I.O.M., not I.M. 

manacle*, fetter, not -icle. 


Manacles, rocks off Com. 

manage/ able*, -ment*. 

manakin, ws^mani-*. 

Manasseh (tribe of). 

Manasses (Prayer of), 

manatee*, the sea-cow ; in 
Sp. manati. 

manche (Fr. m.), a handle ; 
(f.) a sleeve. 

Manshe (La) (Fr.), the 
English Channel. 

Manchester, abbr. 

Manch., or M/C. 

man-child*, pi. men- 
children * (hyphen). 

Manchu/, -ria, -rian, of 
Manchuria, not -00, -ow, 

Mandalay, Burma, not 

mandamus* (law) (not 

mandarin*, Chinese 

official, not -ine. 

mandatj (Fr. m.), power 
of attorney ; — -posie, 
money order (hyphen). 

mandatary*, a person. 

mandatory* (adj.), com- 

mandioc, «5^ manioc*. 

mandolin *, not -ine. 

mandrel *, a spindle, «o/-il. 

mandrill*, a baboon. 

manbge* (Fr. m.), horse- 
manship, riding-school 
{see also mSnage). 

manjet (Lat., theat.), he, 
or she, remains ; pi. -etlt, 

manganese*, symbol Mn*. 

mangel-"wurzel*, not 
mangle-, mangold-. 

*• Mangnairs Ques- 
tions,** not Mag-. 

mango/ *, Ind. fruit, not-oe ; 
pi. -es*. 

mangold-^^nirzel, use 
mangel *. 

mangosteen*, tropical 
fruit, not -an, -ine. 

manhaden, use men-*. 

Manhattan Island, New 


ManichaBan*, not -ean. 
manicle, a fetter, u3€ 

maniSrjS (Fr.), /em. -Se, 

manifesto/*,/'/, -s*. 
manikin*, not mana-, 

manni-; in Fr. m. manne- 

Manila/, Philippine Isles ; 

— cheroot; — paper, 
fwt -11a, abbr. Man. 

manioc*, the cassava plant, 
noi -dioc, -ihoc, -ihot, 

maniplies, ws^many-*. 

manipulator*, «o/ -er. 

Manipur, S.E. India, ttoi 

Manit., Manitoba. 

Manks, of the I. of Man, 

Mann (Sir Horace^, 1701- 
86, diplom.;— (Horace^, 
1 796-1859, Amer. educa- 

mannequin (Fr. m.), a 

Mannheim, Baden, twt 

Mannlicher rifle. 

manoeuvr/e *, -ed *, -in g *. 

man-of-war*, pi. men — 

— * (hyphens). 
man-of-war*s-man* (hy- 
phens, apos.). 

manqujS (Fr.), /ent. -Se, 

M.A.N.S. (Amer.^, Mem- 
ber of the Academy of 
Natural Science. 

Mansard (Fran9ois), 
1598 - 1666, Fr. archi- 

mansard roof* (not 

Mantchuria, use Mane-. 

Mantegazza (Paolo), 
1831-, It. anthropologist. 

mantelet*, «o/ mantlet. 

mantelpiece *, not mantle- 
(one word). 

mantilla* (Sp.), a short 

mantlet, a shelter, use 

manual (mus.), abbr. man. 

manufactur/e, -er, abbr. 
mfr. ; -ed, mfd. ; -ers, 
-es, mfrs. ; -ing, mfg. 

manu forti (Lat.), by main 

manumit/*, -ted*, -ting*. 

manu propria (Lat.), with 
one's own hand. 

manus (Lat. f.), the hand ; 
pi. same. 

manuscript*, abbr. MS.* 
(a, ttot an), pi. MSS.* 
(point at end only). It 
should be written on one 
side only of ruled quarto 
paper, not very thin. One 
inch blank margin on left- 
hand side. Caps. /,y, T,S, 
and I.e. /, e, /, nt, n, t, u, to 
be written clearlj'. Un- 
usual words, such as 
proper names, to be in 
printing characters. Each 
leaf to be paged in con- 
secutive order from the 
first to the last : not each 
chapter separately. Never 
write corrections on back 
of a leaf, but put in an 
extra leaf and mark it,sa3', 
23 A, B, or C. If a leaf 
be deleted, say 24, mark 
previous one 23-4. It is 
often advantageous to have 
original MS. typewritten, 
when it can be revised as 
a first proof, and thus 
many " author's correc- 
tions" saved. All MSS. 
should be kept flat, and 
not rolled ; if however 
this be unavoidable, the 
writing should be on the 
convex side {see also foot- 

manuscript abbrevia- 
tions, see Abbrevia- 
tions for lionghand. 

manuscrit {Yr. m.), MS. 

ManusJcript{Ger. n.),MS.; 
also printer's copy. 



Manutius/ (Aldus), 1450- 

151 5, in It. Aldo Ma- 

nuzzio; — — "the 

younger," 1547-97; — 

(Paulus), 151 1-74; It. 

Manx*, of the Isle of Man, 

not -ks; natives, Manx- 
man*, /etM. -w^oman*, 

pi. -en (each one word). 
manyplies* (200I.), third 

stomach of ruminants, not 

mani-, mony-. 
Manzanilla*, a brown 

'Maori*, sirtg. and pi. same. 
tna petite (^Fr. f.), my 

little (girl). 
Mapledurham, Oxford 

(one word). 
maquereau (Fr. m.), 

mar/*, -red*, -ring*, 
mar., maritime. 
Mar (Earl of), family 

name Goodeve-Erskine 

{see also Mar and 

M.Ar. (Amen), Master of 

marabou/ feather*, — 

stork*, not -bout, -bu. 
marabout*, N. Afr. monk 

or hermit, not -but. 
marabout (Fr. m.), a very 

large coffee-pot. 
Maracaibo, Venezuela, not 

Maranatba* (Syriac), 

"our Lord cometh." 
Mar and Kellie (Earl 

of), family name Erskine 

{see also Mar), 
maraschino*, a liqueur, 

«o/-queno ; pron. maras- 

Marat (J. P.), 1744-93, 

assassinated by C.Corday. 
Maratha, an Indian race, 

use Mahratta*. 
Marazion, Cornwall ; pron. 

marbled edges, see 


marbleize* (U.S.A.), not 

marbrS (Fr.), marbled ; also 
marbled edges of books, 

March (month of) (typ.), 
should not be abbreviated, 

march., marchioness. 

MMrcben (Ger. n.), a fairy- 
tale ; pi. same. 

marcAes/e*(It.), marquess; 
/em. -a, marchioness. 

Marco (G.), 1863-, chess 

Marcobrunner, a hock. 

Marooni (Quglielmo), 
1875-, electrician. 

marconigram*, wireless 
telegraph message. 

mardi gras (Fr. m.), 

marScball (Fr. m.), Field- 
Marshal ; his wife, -e. 

Mar^chal Niel, a rose. 

mare*s-tail* (bot.) (apes., 

marg., margin, -al. 

margarine *, not -in ; pyon, 
g as in go. 

Margaux (Ch&teau-), a 
claret (hyphen). 

marge (Fr. f.), margin. 

marginalia (Lat,), mar- 
ginal notes, is pi. 

Marginaiie (Ger. f.), mar- 
ginal note, also Rand- 
vermerlc (cap.). 

margins (typ.), the four 
are called back, head, 
fore-edge, and tail. A 
good proportion of the 
total margin is back and 
head two-fifths to fore- 
edge and tail three-fifths. 

Margoliouth (D. S.), 

1858-, theologian. 
mariage de conve nance 
(Fr. m.), marriage of con- 
venience, not marr-. 
Mariamne, wife of Herod 

the Great. 
Marie de* Medici, wife 
of Henry IV of France 
(de', not de); in Fr. d9 



marinade* (Fr. cook. fO, 
a pickle. 

Marines ("Blue"), Royal 
Marine Artillery ; — 
("Red"), Royal Marine 
Light Infantry. 


maritime, abbr. mar. 

mirivaudage (Fr. m.), 
daintily affected stj'le. 

Maijoribanks, pron. 

Mark (St.) (New Test.), 
not to be abbreviated. 

mark*, Ger. coin, abgut a 
shilling ; never takes sign 
of pi. ; abbr. M., or Mk. 

market/, abbr. mkt. ; -ed, 

Market/ - Drayton, — 
-Harborough (hy- 


market overt*, open mar- 

market-place* (hyphen). 

market town* (two 

marks of correction, 
see proof correction 

marks of reference 
(typ.), * + t § II H {see 
also foot-notes). 

marline-spike*, not mar- 
lin-, marling- (hyphen). 

Marlow (Great), Bucks. 

Marlowe (Christopher), 
1563-93, dramatist. 

marmoset*, a monkey. 

Marocco, use Morocco. 

Maroczy (Q.), 1870-, 
chess player. 

maroon*, very dark red, 
not morone. 

maroquin (Fr. m.), mo- 
rocco leather. 

Marprelate Contro- 
versy (the). 

marque (letters of)*, 
those authorizing re- 

marque de fabrique 
(Fr. f.), trade-mark. 

marquess*, not -is, abbr. 

M., or marq. ; /em. 

marchioness*, abbr. 

march. ; in Fr. mar' 

qulsjj fern. -e. 
Marquoi's scales, etc. 
marriage, in Fr. m. 

manage (one r). 
marriageable*, Ko/ -gable, 
married, abbr. m. 
marron (Fr. m.), chestnut, 
marrowfat*, a pea. 
«' Marseillaise * (La),** 

Fr. national song. 
Marseilles*; in Fr. Mar- 
seille, pron. mar-say', 
marshal*/, -led*, -ler*, 

Marsham (Viscount), 

eldest son of Earl Romney 

{see also Masham). 
marten*, a weasel {see also 

Marthas Vineyard, 

island, U.S.A. (noapos.). 
Martian*, of Mars, 
martin*, a bird {see also 

Martinengo - Cesaresco 

(Countess E.), 1852-, 

Martinique, W. Indies, 
martingale*, not -gal. 
Martinmas*, 11 Nov. 
martyrize*, etc., not -ise. 
marvel*/, -led*, -ling*, 

Marvell (Andrew), 1621- 

78, poet. 
Marx (Karl), 1818-83, 

Maryland, U.S.A., offic. 

abbr. Md. 
Marylebone, London, 

formerly Mary-le-bone ; 

pron. mar-i^un. 
Marymass*, 25 March. 
Marzials (Sir F. T.), 

1840-, writer. 
mas (Lat.), a male; pi. 

mas (Sp.), but. 
mas (Sp.), more. 
M. A.S., Master of Applied 




masc, masculine. 
Mascagni (Pietro), 

1 863-, composer, 
masouline, abbr. m., or 


Turk.), an exclamation of 

Masham (Baron), family 

name Lister {see also 

Marsh am), 
mashie*, a golf club, not 

Mashonaland, S.E. Afr., 

not Mashu-. 
mashy, use mashie*. 
tnasjid* (Turk.), a mosque, 

not mus-. 
mask*, not masque. 
Mason (Freemasonry) 

Masor/ah*, Heb. tradition, 

not the many variations ; 

-etic Text, abbr. M.T. 
Mass, R.C. service (cap.). 
mass (mech.), abbr. m. 
Mass., Massachusetts 

(offic. abbr.). 
mass^ (Fr. m.), stroke at 

Mass6na (Andr6), 1758- 

1817, Fr. marshal. 
Massenet (J. !6. F.), 

1 842-, Fr. composer. 
Massereene (Viscount). 
masseu/r*,/<pw. -se*. 
Massey, family name 6f 

Baron Clarina {see also 

massif * (geol.), a mountain 

mass (not ital.). 
Massora, use Masorah*. 
Massy, fam. name of Baron 

Massy (5^^ a/50 Massey). 
Master, abbr. Mr. (point, 

should not end line), 
master-at-arms* (naut.), 

first-class petty ' oflBcer 

master mariner *, captain 

of a merchant vessel. 
Master of the Bolls*, 

abbr. M.B. 
masterpiece* (one word). 

master printer, the head 
of a printing establish- 

mast-head* (hyphen). 

mastic*, «o/ -ich, -ick. 

mat*, dull, not -tt. 

mat., matins. 

Matabele/, pi. same ; 
-land, S. Afr. (one word). 

matador*, Spanish bull- 
slayer, not -ore. 

match"WOod* (one word). 

mat6, Paraguay tea, not 
mate (not ital.). 

matelot (Fr. m.), a sailor. 

matelote* (Fr. cook, f.), 
a rich fish stew. 

tnatjer* (Lat.), mother ; pi. 

materialize*, etc., «o^-ise. 

materia medica*, science 
of drugs (not ital.). 

matSriel* (Fr. m.), every- 
thing but the personnel of 
an army or navy (ital.). 

math., mathematics, -ical, 

mathematics (typ.), ref- 
erences to foot-notes in 
math, works to be marks 
of reference (*, f, etc.), 
and not superior figures, 
as these may be mistaken 
in the text for indices. 
When letters are required 
for formulae, use caps, 
and I.e., not s.caps. If 
the body of the text is in 
roman, the I.e. letters 
mustbeital.and vice versa, 
except in the case of caps., 
which should be roman. 
Whole numbers are set 
without 13500, 
not 13,500. A formula, if 
detached from the text, 
is generally set in the 
middle of the line ; and if 
it has to be carried on to 
the next, thebreak is made 
at an equal, minus, or plus 
sign, which is carried over. 
Abbr. miath. {see also 
figures, fractions). 



Mathew (Lord Justice), 

Mathews (Charles), 
I 776-1835, actor; — 
(Charles James), 1803- 
78, actor, dramatist, son 
of former; — (Elkin), 
publisher; — (Shailer), 
1 863-, Amer. writer {see 
also Matt-). 

matin* (Fr. m.), morning. 

matin* (Fr. m.}, mastiff. 

matinSe*! (Fr.' f.), enter- 
tainment by day; — must' 
cale, ditto with music. 

matins*, sometimes in 
Prayer Book mattins, 
abbr. mat. 

matriculator*, not -er. 

Matrimonial Causes 
Acts (law) (no apos.). 

matr/ix* (typ.), a mould 
from which a stereo plate 
is made ; also a mould 
used in making the face 
of a letter ; pi. -ices. 

Matt., St. Matthew. 

Mattei (Tito), 184 1-, 

matter* (typ.), MS. or 
copy to be printed, type 
that is composed; live 
or standing — , type 
that has yet to be printed 
from, electroed, or ster- 
eoed ; dead — , type 
ready for distribution. 

Matthew (St.), abbr. 

Matthews( James Bran- 
der), 1852-, American 
writer {see also Math-). 


Mau, India, use Mhow. 

maud*, a wrap, not -de. 

Maugrabin (Hayrad- 
din), in " Quentin Dur- 

Maulmain, Burma, not 
Moul-, Maulmein. 

maulstick*, not mahl-. 

maum, ws^malm*. 

Maundy Thursday *, day 
before Good Friday, not 


Maun day Thursday (two 

Maupassant (Guy de), 

1850-93, Fr. writer. 
Maupeou (R.W.C., 

1714-92, Fr. chancellor. 
Mauresque, use Mor- *. 
mausole/um *, />/. -a. 
mauvaise lionte* (Fr. f.), 

mauvaisj god I (Fr. m.), 

bad taste ; — P^S, a 

difficulty ; — quart 

(Tbeure, a short un- 
pleasant time ; — sujet*, 

a ne'er-do-weel ; — ton *, 

bad style. 
Max., Maximilian. 
max., maxim, maximum. 
maxiilla*, the jaw;^/. -as*. 
maxim/um *, the greatest ; 

pi. -a*, abbr. max. (not 

Max O'Rell, pen-name of 

Paul Blouet, 1848-1903. 
Maxwell (J. Clerk), 

1831-79, physicist, not 

Maxwell-Lyte (Sir 

H. C), 1 848-, writer. 
May (month of), not to be 

may (tree) (not cap.), 
maybe*, perhaps (one 

May Day, i May (caps., 

two words). 
mayduke*, a cherry (one 

Mayence on the Rhine, 

in Ger. Mainz am 

Maylair, London (one 

mayonnaise* (Fr. /.), a 

salad dressing (not ital.). 
mayst (no apos.). 
mazagran (Fr. m.), black 

coffee served in a glass. 
Mazarine Bible, 42-Iine, 

first book printed from 

movable types. 
mazurka*, a Polish dance, 

not mazou-. 



M.B., Media'nae Bacca- 
laureus (Bachelor of 
Medicine) ; M.B.Sc. 
(Amer.), Master of Busi- 
ness Science; M.B.T.A., 
Metropolitan Board 

Teachers Association. 

Mc, see Mac. 

M.C., Master Commandant, 
— of Ceremonies, — of 
Surgery, (U.S. A.) Member 
of Congress, — of 
Council; M/C, Man- 
chester; M.C.C., Mary- 
lebone Cricket Club, 
Middlesex County Coun- 
cil ; M.C.D. (Amer.), 
Doctor of Comparative 
Medicine ; M.C.E. 

(Amer.), Master of Civil 
Engineering; M.Ch., Ma- 
gister Chirurgise (ditto 
Surgery) ; M.C.Ij., ditto 
Civil Law; M.C.M.E.S. 
(Amer.), Member of Civil 
and Mechanical Engin- 
eers' Society; M.Com. 
(Birmingham), Master of 
Commerce ; M.C.P., 
Member of the College 
of Preceptors ; M.C.S., 
Madras Civil Service. 

M.D., Medicine Doctor 
(Doctor of Medicine), 
Middle Dutch, (It. mus.) 
mano destra (right hand), 
(Fr. mus.) main droite 
(right hand) ; Md., 
Maryland, U.S.A. (offic. 
abbr.); m.d., month's 
date; Mdlle, use Mile 
(Mademoiselle) ; Mdme, 
use Mme (Madame) ; 
M.D.S., Master of Dental 
Surgery ; mdse., mer- 
chandise (usual in Amer.). 

M.E., Mechanical Engineer, 
Methodist Episcopal, 

Middle English, Military 
Engineer, Mining Engi- 
neer, Most Excellent ; 
Me., Maine, U.S.A. (offic. 
abbr.) ; M^ (Fr.), maitre 
(title of Fr. advocate). 

me (it is), it is I, both per 
missible in speech, but for- 
mer should not be printed. 

mea culpa (Lat.), by my 

meagre*, not -er. 

mealie*/,earof maize ;/>/.-s. 

mealy-mouthed*, hypo- 
critical (hyphen). 

meantim.e* (one word). 

raean while* (one word). 

measur/e*, -able*, abbr. 
m.eas.; (typ,), the width 
of a page or column, 
usually stated in pica ems ; 
-ements {see figures). 

meatjus * (Lat. ), a passage j 

pi. 'US*, 

M.E.C., Member of Exec- 
utive Council. 

Mecca*, capital of Arabia, 
not Mekka, -ah, -eh. 

Mecenas, use Msb- *. 

m.ech., mechanics, -ical. 

m.echanics, is singular. 

Mechlin lace *, etc. 

Mecklenburgh Square, 
London, W.C. 

Mecklenburg/- Schwer- 
in, Strelitz, Ger. 

M.E.D, (Amer.), Master 
of Elementary Didactics. 

med., medical, medicine, 
medieval, medium. 

medaille (Fr. f.), medal. 

medal*/, -led*, -lion*, 

" Medecin malgr6 lui 
(Le),*' by Moliere, 1666. 

mediaeval*/, abbr. med.; 
-ism*, -ist*, -ize*, etc., 
not medie-. 

medical */, abbr. m.ed. ; — 
signs, 2 dram, V\ minim, 
•H misce (mix), | ounce, 
O pint, 5t recipe.^ scruple. 

medicinas (Lat.), of medi- 
cine ; abbr. M. 

Medina, river, I.W. 

Medineh, Arabia. 

mediocre* (not ital). 

Medit., Mediterranean. 

meditatio fugas (Lat., Sc. 
law), contemplating flight. 



medi/um*, pi. -a*, in 
spiritualism -ums (not 
ital.) ; abbr. med. 

medium/ paper, ss^/^x 
18V2 in. ; — folio, 18 x 
11^2 ; — octavo, 9x6; 
— quarto, 1 1^/2 x 9 {see 
also books, paper). 

Medjidie*, Turk, order; 
medjidie*, Turk. coin. 

med. jur., medical juris- 

Med.Ijat.,mediaeval Latin. 

M6doc* (Fr. m.), a claret. 

Meerut, Ind., not Merath, 
Mi rat. 

meetings (news, reports 
of), speakers' names 
usually s.caps., resolu- 
tions double-quoted. 

Meffert (Peter) (Ger.), 
Mr. What's-his-name. 

megalomania *, the delu- 
sion of grandeur. 

megavolt (elec), a million 

megilp *, not -ph, magilp. 

megohm* (elec), a million 

megrim*/, -s*, headache, 
not migraine. 

Meilhac (Henri), 1831- 
97, dramatist. 

meia tierr (Ger.), a 
form of address, as Sir ; 
pi. meiae Herren, 

meiosis*(rhet.), diminution. 

Meiringen, Switz., not 

Meissonier (J. L. E.), 
1813-91, Fr. painter. 

" Meistersinger von 
Kiimberg (Die),*' 
opera by Wagner, 1867. 

me judice (Lat.), in my 

Mekk/a, -ah, -eh, use 

M.E.L. (Amer.), Master of 
English Literature. 

Melanohthon (Philip \ 
1 497-1560, Luther's col- 
league, not Melanct-. 

Melanesia (Bp. of). 

melange* (Fr. m.), a mix- 

-sedec in New Test. 

mBl\€ (Fr.),/em. -6e, mixed. 

mel6e* (Fr. f.), a fray (not 

Meliboean*, alternating, 
not -aean, -ean. 

melodrama* (one word). 

Melton- Mowbray, Leics 

mem., memento, memorial. 

member, abbr. M. 

Member of Parliament 
(caps.); abbr. M.P., /»/. 

memento */, a souvenir, pi 
-es*, abbr. mem. (not 
ital.) ; in Fr. m. mS-, 

memento morJ* ( Lat. ), re- 
member that you must die. 

meml/ook, -uk, use ma- 

memoire (Fr. m.), bill, 
report, treatise ; (f.) mem- 

memorabilia* {Lat.),uote- 
worthy things, is pi. 

memorand/um*,^/. -a*; 
abbr. memo. 

memorialize*, «o/-ise. 

memoria technica* (Lat.), 

memoriter* (Lat.), from 

memorize*, to learn hy 
heart, not -ise. 

mem-sahib* (Ang.-Ind.). 
the mistress of a house. 

Menad, use Msb-*. 

menage* (Fr. m.), a house- 
hold (see also manbge). 

menagerie*, not -ery. 

mendacity*, falsehood. 

Mendel§eff (Dmitri 
Ivanovitch), 1834- 1907, 
Russ. chemist. 

Mendelssohn - Barthol- 
dy (Felix), 1809-47, 

Mendds (Catulle), 1841-, 
Fr. writer. 

mendicity*, begging. 



Menelek, not -lik. 

"M6nestrel (Iie\*' Fr. 
musical periodical. 

M.Eng., Master of Engin- 
eering (Dublin). 

menhaden*, a N. Amer. 
fish, not man-. 

mensa* (Lat.), a table ; a 
mensa et to:o, from 
bed and board (a kind of 
divorce), not thoro. 

mens sana In corpore 
sano (Lat.), a sound 
mind in a sound body. 

mensirujum* (Lat.), a 
solvent ; pi. -a *, 

mensur., mensuration. 

mentbe (Fr. cook, f.), mint, 
not mi-. 

Mentone (It.), S. Fr., pron. 
men-to'ng ; in Fr. Men- 

menu*/(Fr.m.), bill of fare, 
pi. -s; — (order of), 
hors-cCauvre (same in s. 
and pi.), appetizers ; 
potages, soups ; poissons, 
fish ; releves, removes ; 
entrees^ " made " dishes ; 
rotis^ joints ; legumes^ 
vegetables; entremets, side 
dishes ; gele'es, jellies ; 
crimes, creams ;Jromages, 
cheeses ; dessert, dessert ; 
glaces, ices ; ca/e] coffee ; 

menu gibier{Fr. cook.m.), 
small game, as grouse, 
etc. ; menus plalsirs, 
small pleasures. 

Mephistophelian*, not 

mSpris (Fr. m.), contempt. 

mSprlse (Fr. f.), mistake. 

mer., meridian, meridional. 

Meran, Tyrol. 

Meratb, use Meerut. 

Mercedes motor-car (6 d\ 

merchandise*, etc., not 

Merchant/ Company 
Schools, Edin. ; — Tay- 
lors Company ; but — 
Taylors' School (apos. ). 

merci (Fr. m.), thanks ; (f.) 

mercurialize*, «o/-ise. 

mercury, symbol Hg. 

merid/ian *, -ional *, abbr. 
m., or mer. 

meridies* (Lat.), noon; 
abbr. m. 

M6rim6e (Prosper), 
1803-70, Fr. writer. 

merlan (Fr. m.), whiting. 

merle *, the common black- 
bird, not merl. 

Merrimac, river, U.S.A., 
not -ak. 

merrythought*, the bone 
(one word). 

Merthyr Tydfil, S. 
Wales (no hyphen). 

mesalliance* (Fr. f.), mar- 
riage with an inferior. 

Mesdemoiselles *, abbr. 
Miles, not Mdlles. 

mesjid, use mus-, 

mesmerize*, not -ize. 

Meso-Qothic, not Mae-, 
Moe- ; abbr. M.Goth. 

Mesolonghi, use Mi-. 

Messageries Maritimes, 
" La Compagnie des 
Services Maritimes des 
Messageries," a Fr. ship- 
ping company. 

Messiah*, Messianic*. 

Messieurs* (Fr.), abbr. 
MM. ; sing. Monsieur. 

Messrs., sing. Mr. (point 
at end). 

mestee, use mus- *. 

mestizo*, one of Sp. and 
Amer.-Ind. blood, not 

met., metronome. 

metal*/, -led*, -'ing*. 

metal., metallurgy. 

metamorphose*, to trans- 
form, not -ise, -ize. 

metaph., metaphysics, 
-ical, -icaUy, -ician, meta- 
phor, -ical, -ically. 

meteor., meteorology. 

meter, 3937 inches, use 

Meth., Methodist. 



methodize*, not -ise. 

wStier* (Fr. m.), a handi- 

metonyxQy*, change of 
name ; abbr. meton. 

Met.R., Metropolitan Rail- 
way (London). 

metre*/, 39-37 inches,/*/, -s, 
abbr. m. ; in Fr. mhtre, 
in Get. Meter, 

mietrology*, science of 
weights and measures ; 
abbr. metrol. 

metronom.e*, abbr. M., 
or met. ; Maslzel's — , 

m.etronymic*, name taken 
from female ancestor, not . 

metropol/is*, pi. -ises ; 
-itan ; abbr. m.etrop. 

mettrej au net (Fr.), to 
make a fair copy ; — k la 
questiODy to torture ; — 
en question^ to doubt. 

meum^l (Lat.), mine; — 
and tuum*, mine and 
thine, not et tuunt, 

Meux, proK. mewz. 

Mex., Mexico, -an. 

m.ezereon* (bot.), «o/-eum. 

mezzanine floor*. 

mezzjo* (It. m\is),fem. -a, 
half, medium ; abbr. M. ; 
p7-on. med'so. 

mezzo-rilievo*, mezzo- 
soprano* (hyphens). 

mezzotint*, a print from 
an intaglio copper -plate 
engraved by hand (one 
word, not ital.). 

M.F. (paper), mill-finish ; 
mf (mus.), mezzo-forte 
(rather loud) ; M.F.B., 
Metropolitan Fire Brig- 


mfd., manufac- 

tured, (elec.) microfarad ; 
mfg., manufacturing ; 
M.F.H. *, Master of Fox- 
hounds ; mfr., manufac- 
ture, -er ; mfrs., manufac- 
tures, -ers. 
M.G. (mus.), main gauche 
(left hand), (Sw.) medical 

gymnast ; Mg, mag- 
nesium ; mg., milligram, 
-s; M.Goth., Meso- 
Gothic; M.Qr., Middle 
Greek; Mgr, Monsignor, 
Monseigneur,/>/. Mgrs. 

M.H. (Amer.), Master of 
Horticulture ; MHG., 
Middle High German (one 
point only) ; M.H.K., 
Member of the House of 
Keys (I.O.M.). 

mho* (elec), unit of con- 

M.Hon., Most Honourable. 

Mhow, Ind., not Mau, 

M.H.R., Member of the 
House of Representatives. 

M.I., Mounted Infantry. 

miasm/a* (Gr.), noxious 
emanation ; pi. -ata*. 

Mic, Micah. 

m'l'Careme (la) (Fr.), 
Mid- Lent; pi. les mi- 
caremes (hyphens). 

M.I.C.E., erroneous for 

Mish., Michaelmas, Michi- 
gan (offic. abbr.). 

Michel (Louise), 1830- 
1905, Fr. anarchist. 

Michelangelo Buonar- 
roti, 1475-1564, sculptor, 
etc.(two words, not three). 

Michigan, off. abbr. Mich. 

Mickiewicz (Adam), 
1 798 -1 855, Polish poet. 

Micmac, N. Amer. Indians 
(one word). 

microcosm*, the little 
world {see also ma-). 

micro-farad* (elec), the 
millionth of a farad, abbr. 
mfd.; -hm*, ditto ohm ; 
-millimetre *, ditto milli- 
metre, S3'mbol (x ; -n, ditto 
metre, 1/25,400 inch, 
symbol fx. 

microphotograph*/, -y* 
(one word). 

micros., microscopy, -ist. 

micro- volt* (elec), the 
millionth of a volt. 



mid., middle. 
Mid-Calder, Midlothian 

(caps., hyphen). 
midday* (one word). 
middle *, abbr. M., or 
middle/-aged* (hyphen). 
Middle Ages* (caps.). 
m.iddle class*(two words), 
middleman* (one word). 
Middlesbrough, Yorks, 

not -borough. 
Middleton (Baron), fam. 

name Willoughby {see also 

Midleton, Mydd-). 
Mid. Lat., Latin of the 

Middle Ages. 
Mid-Lent, fourth Sunday 

in Lent (caps., hyphen). 
Midleton (Viscount), 

fam. name Brodrick (see 

also Midd-, Mydd-). 
Midlothian (one word), 
midriff*, not -if. 
midships* (one word). 
Midsomer Norton, Som. 
midsummer* (one word). 
Midsummer Day*, 24 

June (two words, caps.), 
midw^inter* (one word). 
M.I.E.E., Member of the 

Institution of Electrical 

Miers (Sir H. A.), 1858-, 

mineralogist (see also 

Myers, Myres). 
mightst (no apos.). 
Mignet (F. A. M.), 1796- 

1884, Fr. historian, 
mignonette* (bot.) {see 

also minionette). 
migraine, a headache, use 

megrim*, -s*. 
M.I. J., use M.J.I. 
mi/nbeetf ordinary Dutch 

form of address— as Sir; 

in Ger. mein Herr, 
mijoter (Fr.), to cook 

mil*, one thousandth of an 

inch (no point). 
mil., military, militia. 
Milbank (Sir Powlett 

C. J.), 1852- (see also 



Milbanke (Sir J. Peni- 
Ston), 1872- {see also 

mileage *, not milage. 

mile */, -S * , abbr. m. ; (typ. ) 
any considerable number 
to be printed in figures ; 
geogr. or naut. — , 6080 
feet ; statute — , 5280 
feet; in Fr. m. tnillel, -S. 

Miles Platting, Man- 

military*, abbr. mil. 

Military Academy, abbr. 

Militia*, abbr. M., or mil. 

Milky Way* (astr.) (caps.) . 

mill*, abbr. m. 

MHlbank, London, S.W. 
{see also Milb-). 

tollle (Fr. m.), a thousand, 
abbr. M. ; also a mile. 

millenary*, of a thousand. 

millennium*/,//, -s* (two 
/'s, two m's). 

mWe passu s (Lat.), 1000 
paces of five feet, or the 
Roman mile; abbr. M.P. 

millepede * (zool. ) , not -ed, 

Miller & Richard's type 
is " revived old style," 
as this. 

Millers Dale, Derby. 

Milles, family name of Earl 
Sondes (5^^ also Mills). 

sculptor; — (Jean-Pran- 
Cois),i8i4-75,Fr. painter. 

milliampere, abbr. ma. 

milliard*, a thousand 

milligram, "015 grain, 
off. Board of Trade spell- 
ing, not -mme ; abbr. for 
one or more, mg. 

raillimetre*, -03937 of an 
inch, off. Board of Trade 
spelling, not -er ; abbr. 
for one or more, mm. 

millionaire *, mo/ -on n aire. 

millipede, use mille-*. 

Millman Street, Bedford 

Row, London, 
I 16 


mill-ream {see ream of 

Mills, family name of Baron 

Hillingdon (see also 

Milltown (Earl of) {see 

also Milt-). 
Milman (H. H., Dean), 

1 791-1868. 
Milman's Street, Chelsea 

Milne - Edwards (Al- 

phonse), 1835- ; — Hen- 
ri), 1800-85, naturalists. 
Milnes, pron. mills. 
milreis*. Port, coin about 

4s. 5d. Eng., noi -rea, mill- 

ree, -ei. 
Milton (Viscount) {see 

also Mill-). 
Milto^wn, Kerry. 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 

M.I.M.E., Member of the 

Institution of Mining 

M.I.Mech.E., Member of 

the Institution of Mech- 
anical Engineers, 
mimic*/, -ked*, -king*, 
min., minim, minimum, 

mining, minister, minor, 

minute, -s. 
M.I.W.A., Member of the 

Institution of Naval 

mincemeat* (one word). 
Minchinhampton, Glos 

(one word). 
Minehead, Somerset (one 

mineralize*, not -isc. 
mineralog/y*, -ieal*, 

abbr. mineral. 
m.inever, use mini-*. 
Mini6 (C. Jfi.), 1814-79, 

inventor of rifle, etc.; 

pron. min'6. 
minim*, a drop; abbr. 

min., sign Tiy. 
m.inimize*, «o/-ise. 
minim/um*, pi. -a* (not 

ital.); abbr. min. 
mining*, abbr. min. 


minion type*, seven point, 
ten lines to the inch, as this. 

minionette* (Amer.typ.), 
a bastard body, i ^^^ lines 
to the inch (5^^ also mi- 

minister*, abbr. min. 

Minister . of Ways 
of Communication 
(Russ.) (caps.). . 

minium*, redoxide oflead. 

miniver*, a fur, not -ever. 

Minn., Minnesota, U.S.A. 
(offic. abbr.). 

Minneapolis, U.S.A. 

minor*, abbr. min. 

Min./ Plen., Minister 
Plenipotentiary ; — Res., 
ditto Residentiary. 

M.Inst.CE., Member of 
the Institution of Civil 
Engineers (oflSc), not 

Mint (the) (cap.). 

minuet*, a dance, or its 
music, not -ette. 

minus* (Lat.), less {not 
ital.), sign — . 

mlnusculjas (Lat.), lower- 
case letters ; sing, -a, in 
Fr. f. -e. 

minute*/, -s*, abbr. m., or 
min., sign ' ; — mark ('), 
symbol for feet, minutes, 
also placed after a syllable 
on which the stress falls. 

minuti/8B* (Lat.), small de- 
tails; sing, -a* (not ital.). 

miny*, mine-like, not -ey. 

mirabilej dictu (Lat.), 
wonderful to relate ; — 
V/SW, ditto see. 

mirky, dark, use murky*. 

miry*, mire-like, not -ey. 

Mirzapur, Ind., «o/-pore. 

misadvice*, bad counsel. 

misadvise*, to give bad 

misc., miscellaneous, mis- 

miscellanea (Lat.), mis- 
cellanies, \spl. 

miscible, capable of being 


miscue (billiards) (one 

misdemeanour, not -or. 

yW*'* (Fr.), marquise (mar- 
chioness), not Mise. 

mise en sc^ne (Fr. f.), 
scenery, stage effect. 

misfeasance, a wrongful 
act ; (law) a trespass. 

misfire, use miss-. 

Mishna, a collection of 
Jewish precepts, not -ah. 

misle, use mizzle. 

misletoe, use mistle-. 


misogam/y, hatred of 
marriage; -ist. 

misogyn/y, hatred of 
women ; -ist. 

misprint (typ.), a typo- 
graphical error. 

Miss., Mission, -ary, Mis- 
sissippi (offic. abbr.). 

missal (Lat.), a religious 
Mass ; — cantata, one 
held without deacon and 
subdea<:on ; — catechu- 
menorttm, one for 
catechumens ; — fide- 
lium, Mass of the 

Missal (Ger. typ.), forty- 
four point type (cap.). 

missel - thrush, use 


misseltoe, use mistle-. 

mis/send, to send incor- 
rectly ; -sent. 

missfire (one word), not 

misshapen (one word). 

Mission/, -ary, abbr. Miss. 

Mississippi, river and 
State, U. S. A. ; offic. 
abbr. Miss. 

Missolonghi, Greece, not 

Missouri, river and State, 
U.S.A.; offic. abbr. Mo. 

mis /spell, -speak, 

-spend, -spent, -state 
(one word). 

mist (naut.)j abbr. m. 

mistakable, not -cable. 

Mister, abbr. Mr. (point, 
should not end line). 

mistle, use mizzle. 

mistle - thrush, not 


mistletoe, not missel-, 

mistral (Fr. m.), cold 
N.W. wind in S. France. 

Mistress,abbr. Mrs. (point, 
should not end line). 

Mithridates, 136-63 e.g. 

Mitilene, Greece, useMy-. 

mitreing, not mitring. 

Mitteilungj (Ger. f.), 
communication, not 

Mitth- ; pL -en. 

Mittel (Ger. typ. ' n.), 
"English" type. 

mixable, «o/ -cable, -ible. 

mizen (naut.), not -zzen. 

mizzle, fine rain, not misle, 

M.J.I., Member of the 
Institute of Journalists ; 
M.J.S., Member of the 
Japan Society. 

Mk., mark (Ger. coin) ; 
Mkt., Market. 

M.Xj., Licentiate in Mid- 
wifery, Medieval Latin, 
Middle Latin ; Ml., mail ; 
M.Ij.A., Member of the 
Legislative Assembly, 
Modern Language Associ- 
ation; M.L.C, Member 
of the Legislative Coun- 
cil; MLG., Middle Low 
German (one point only) ; 
Mile, -s. Mademoiselle, 
Mesdemoiselles (in Fr. 
no point after abbr.); 
M.Xi.K.Q., muzzle-load- 
ingrifledgun; M.L.S.C, 
Member Lond. Society of 

M.M. (Freemason.), Master 
Mason, (Amer.) medical 
man, (mus.) Maelzel's 
metronome ; MM. (Their) 
Majesties, 2000, (Fr.) Mes- 
sieurs (Sirs) ; mm., mil- 
limetre, -s ; m.m., mutatis 
mutandis (with the neces- 
243 16 * 


sary changes); M.M.E. 
(Amen), Master of Me- 
chanical Engineering ; 
Mme (Fr.), Madame, 
/>/.Mmes (in Fr. no point 
after the abbr.); M.M.P., 
Militar}-- Mounted Police ; 
M.M.S., Moravian Mis- 
sionary Society ; M.Mus. 
(Amer.), Master of Music. 
Mn, manganese; M.N.A.S. 
(Amer.), Member of the 
National Academy of 
Sciences ; M.N.I., Ma- 
dras Native Infantry ; 
M.N.S. (Amer.), Member 
of the Numismatical So- 

M.O. , MoneyOrder, (Amer. ) 
Master of Oratory ; Mo., 
Missouri (offic. abbr.) ; 
Mo, molybdenum; mo., 
month, -s. 

mob/, -bed, -bing. 

mobilize, not -ise. 

moccasin, Indian shoe, not 
the many variations. 

Mocha, coffee ; in Fr. m. 

mock-turtle soup (one 

mod., moderate, modern. 

mod., nioderato. 

mode (Fr. m.), method, 
(gram.) mood; (f.) fashion. 

model/, -led, -ler, -ling. 

moderate, abbr. mod. 

moderato (It. mus.), 
moderate ; abbr. mod. 

Mod4rje,/em. -Se, a Mod- 
erate in French politics. 

modem, abbr. mod. 

m.odem-face type, that 
most used in newspapers, 
as this. 

modernize, not -ise. 

modicum, a small quantity 
(not ital.). 

modif/y, -ied, -jing. 

modiste (Fr.f.), milliner. 

Modjeska (Helena), 

1844-, actress. 

modo preescripto (Lat.), 
as directed. 

Mods., Moderations, the 
First Public Examination, 
Oxford University. 

modulus (math.), sign /x. 

modus I operandi (Lat.), 
a plan of working ; — 
Vivendi, a temporary 
arrangement pending de- 

moelle de boeuf (Fr. cook. 
f.), beef marrow. 

Mceso- Gothic, use Me-. 

Moet et Chandon, cham- 
pagne manufacturers. 

maeurs (Fr. f. pi.), 
manners, customs. 

Mogul, a Mongolian, not 
Moghal, -hul, Mughal. 

M.O.H.. Medical Officer 
of Heallh. 

Mohammed*, founder of 
Islam, not Mahomet, 

Mohammedan/*, -ism*, 
not Mahomedan, -etan, 
Mohammadan, Muham- 
medan, -adan ; abbr. Mo- 

Mohawk, N. Amer. Indian, 
not Mohock. 

Mohocks, band of London 
ruffians i8th cent. 

moir6 (Fr.), watered. 

mois (Fr. m.), month, 
ahhr. mj (see a/so month). 

Moka (Fr. m.), the best 
coffee ; in Eng. Mocha. 

molasses, not moll-. 

Moleyns (de),/>n>«. mul'- 

Molidre, stage-name of 
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, 
1622-73, Fr. dram. 

Moll (Ger. mus.), minor. 

Mollah, use Mu-. 
moUasses, use mola-. 

mollusc, not -usk. 

Moloch, a dread influence, 
not -eck. 

motto (It.), much, very, 
mol. wt., molecular 

molybdenum, symbol 



Mombasa, E. Africa, net 

moment/um, pi. -a (not 

Mommsen (Theodor), 
1817-1903, historian. 

Mon., Monday. 

Mon, Monmouthshire. 

mon., monastery, mon- 

tnonl ami (Fr.), fem. — 
amiCf my friend ; — cher, 
fem. ma chhrCy my dear. 

Monatsschrift (Ger. f.), 
, monthly journal (cap.). 

Moncbsschrlft (Ger. ty p.), 
pointedblack letter (cap.). 

Monck (Viscount) {see 
also Monk). 

Moncreiff (Baron). 

Moncreiffe (Sir R. D.). 

Moncrieff (SirA.), 1829- ; 
— (Sir C. C. Scott-), 

Monday, abbr. M., or 

monde (Fr. m.), the 
world, society. 

mon DIeu ! (Fr.) really ! 

monetize, not -ise. 

money/, pi. -s, not -ies; 
-ed, «o/monied ; — order, 
abbr. M.O. {see also fig- 
ures, punctuation, 
XXI, 3). 

Monghyr, Bengal. 

mongoose, use mun-. 

monk (typ.), a patch of 
letterpress with too much 

Monk Bretton (Baron) 
{see also Monck). 

Monmouthshire, abbr. 

monocle, a single eyeglass. 

monoousious, of identi- 
cally the same substance, 
monopol/ism, -ist, -ize, 


Monroe doctrine. 

Mons., this abbr. for 
Monsieur must never be 
used, it being regarded as 
an insult in France. 

Monseigneur/ (Fr.), abbr. 
Mgr ;/>/.Messeigneur8, 
Mgrs {see also Monsi-). 
Monsieur/ (Fr.), Mr., Sir, 
abbr. (to be used in third 
person only ) M. ;/>/. Mes- 
sieurs, abbr. MM. ; — 
Chose, Mr. What's-his- 
name {see also Mons.). 
Monsignor/, R.C.C. title, 
abbr. Mgr. ; pi. -s, abbr. 
Mgrs.; It. -e^pl. -L 
monsoon, not -son, -zoon. 
Mont., Montana, U.S.A. 

(offic. abbr.). 
Mont Blano (caps.). 
mont-de-plStS (Fr. m.). 
Government pawnshop ; 
pi. montS' (hy- 
motttiS (Fr.), /em. -ie, 

prepared, or set up. 
Monte Cristo, not — 

Montefiascone, It. wine, 

not -SCO (one word). 
Montenegr/o ; a native, 

-in (one word). 
Monte B.osa,S witz. (caps. , 

two words). 
Montesquieu (C. de S.), 
1689-1755, Fr. writer; 
pron. m6nt-es-kyuh'. 
Montesquiou (J. !P. de), 
assassinated the Prince 
of Conde, 1569; — 
(Madame de), guardian 
of Napoleon's son. 
Montevideo (one word). 
Montgomerie, fam. name 
of Earl of Eglinton ; — 
(Alexander), 1556- 
1610, So. poet. 
Montgomery, second title 
of Earl of Pembroke, town 
and county in Wales, 
also town in Alabama, 
and Punjab, 
month/, -s, abbr. m., or 
mo. ; — (day of the) 
(typ.), to be thus, 25 Jan., 
not Jan. 25. In Fr. the 
names of the months do 
not take caps., as Janvier. 



Montpelier, Vermont, 

Montpellier, dep. Fr. 

Mont-Saint-Michel, dep. 
Manche, Fr. (caps., hy- 
phens); in Cornwall, 
Mount Saint Michael. 

Montserrat, Sp. and Les- 
ser Antilles (one word). 

Montyon prizes, of Fr. 
Academy, not Month-. 

monyplies, use ma-. 

Mooltan, not Mu-. 

moon, abbr. m. ; sign for 
new, ; first quarter, ]) ; 
full, O > J^t quarter, ^ . 

moonlight (one word). 

moonsbee, ust munshi. 

Moore (Sir John), 1761- 
1809, General; — 

(Thomas), 1 779-1852, 
"the bard of Erin" {see 
also More). 

Mooslim, use Moslem, 

Moosonee (Bp. of). 

mop/, -ped, -ping. 

mop/e, -ed, -ing, -ish. 

moqueuir (Fr.),fem. -jse, 
a mocker, mocking. 

Mor., Morocco. 

moral (Fr. m.), mental or 
moral faculties, spirit (of 
an army), not -le. 

morale (Fr. f.), morals, 
moral (of a fable). 

moralize, not -ise. 

Moray, or Elginshire, 
not Morayshire. 

morbidezza (It. art), ex- 
treme delicacy. 

morbus {cholera), (ital.). 

morceauj (Fr. m.), a 
morsel, also short mus. 
piece ; pi. -x, 

mordant, a dye fixer. 

Mordaunt (Sir O. Ij*E.). 

More (Hannah), 1745- 
1833, religious writer ; 
— (Sir Thomas), 1478- 
1535, statesman and writer 
{see also Moore). 

morel Hibernico (Lat.), 
in Irish style ; — ma- 
Jorum, ancestor-like. 


morel, an edible fungus, 
not -lie. 

morello cherry, not -a. 

moreover, not moro-. 

Moresque, Moorish, not 

more SUO (Lat.), in his, 
or her, own peculiar way. 

Moreton (Baron) {see also 


Morgagni (G. B.), 1682- 
1771, anatomist. 

morganatic marriage 
(not caps.). 

Morghen (R. S. C), 
1 758-1833, engraver. 

morgue (Fr. f.), a mortu- 
ary ; haughtiness. 

Morison (J. A. Cotter), 
1832-88, writer {see also 

Morland (George), 1763- 
1804, painter. 

Morley (Earl of). 

Mornay (Duplessis-), 
1549-1623, Fr. statesman. 

morning, abbr. mom. 

Morny (due de), 181 1- 
65, Fr. statesman. 

Morocc/o, abbr. Mor. ; 
-an, not Ma-. 

morocco leather (not 
cap.); french — — , 
a low grade with small 
grain ; levant — — , 
high grade with large 
grain ; persian — — , 
the best, usually finished 
on the grain side. 

morone, use maroon. 

morph., morphology. 

Morpheus, god of sleep, 
not -aeus. 

morphia, a drug. 

morphoea, a skin dis- 

Morphy (Paul), 1837-84, 
chess player. 

Morris ( Gou vemeur) , 
1 752-1816, Amer. states- 

morris dance, not -ice — . 


Morrison(Robert), 1782- 

1834, Chinese scholar (see 

also Mori-), 
mortalize, not -ise. 
«*Morte Arthure," Ar- 
thurian tale. 
mortgag/ee, one to whom 

a mortgage is granted ; 

-er, one who mortgages ; 

in law, -or. 
mortice, use -ise. 
mortifiS (Fr. cook.), well 

hung (of meat, etc.). 
mortis causa (Lat., Sc. 

law), in contemplation of 

mortise and tenon, a 

joint for wood, not -ice 

Morton (Earl of), 

Morvan (Le), Fr. district. 

Morven, the hills in Mull. 

Morvem, Argyl. 

Mosaic, of Moses. 

mosaic, inlaid. 

Mosel/, Ger. river ; in Fr. f. 

Moseley, a Birmingham 
suburb {see also Mosl-). 

Moselle, a white wine. 

Mosely Education 

Commission, 1903 {see 
also Moz-). 

Moses* law. 

Moslem, a follower of 
Mohammed, not -im, 
Mooslim, Muslim. 

Mosley (Sir Oswald), 
1848- (see also Mose-, 

mosquito/, pi. -es, not 
moscheto, musketoe, mus- 

Most High, asDeity(caps.). 

mot (Fr. m.), a word ; 
mot k mot, word for 
word, abbr. m. h m. 

motet (mus.), a sacred com- 
position, not -ett, mottett. 

•* Mother Hubberd*s 
Tale,** by Spenser, 1591. 

mother-in-law, pi. mo- 
thers ; mother-of- 
pearl (hyphens). 

motif (Fr. mus. m.), a 

Motley (J. Lothrop), 
1814-77, Amer. historian 
(see also Mott-). 

motley, a mixture, not -ly. 

motoj (It. mus.), motion ; 
con — , with more rapid 
motion ; — cotttinuo, 
constant repetition ; — 
contrario, contrary 

motion ; — obbliquo, 
oblique motion ; — pre- 
cedente, at the pre- 
ceding pace ; — primo, 
at the first pace ; — 
retto, direct or similar 

motor-car (hyphen). 

mottl/e, -ed, -ing. 

Mottley (John), 1692- 
1750, dramatist (see also 

motto/, pi. -es. 

motu proprio (Lat.), of 
his own accord. 

mouchard (Fr. m.), a 
police spy. 

mouciioir {Fr. m.), pocket- 

mouezzitiy use mue-. 

mouflon (Fr. m.), a wild 
sheep, not mouff-, muf-. 

mouiile (Fr.),softened,wet. 

moujik, use muzliilc. 

mould, not mold. 

moule (Fr. f.), mussel. 

Moulmain, Burma, use 

moult, a shedding, not molt. 

Mounet-Sully (Jean), 
184 1-, Fr. actor. 

Mount/, -ain, abbr. Mt.; 
pi. Mts. 

Mount Auburn, Mass., 
noted cemetery ; Mount- 
cashell (Earl) (one 
word) ; Mountcharles, 
Donegal (one word) ; 
Mount Charles, Corn- 
wall (two words) ; 
MountcoUins, Limerick 
(one word) ; Mount 
Edgcumbe (Earl of) 



(two words) ; Mount- 
garret CViscount) (one 
word) ; Moiintmorres 
(Viscount) (one word) ; 
Mount Saint Michael, 
Cornwall, in Fr. Mont- 
Saint-Michel; Mount 
Stephen (Baron) (two 

Moume Mountains, Ire. 

mousselinej (Fr. f.), fine 

muslin; de-Iaine, un- 

twilled woollen cloth. 

mousseulx (Fr.), fern, 
-se, foaming, as wine. 

moustache, not mus-. 

mousy, mouse-like, ftot 

moutarae (Fr. f.), mus- 

mouthpiece (one word). 

mouion (Fr. m.), mutton. 

movable, in legal work 

Mowat (Sir Oliver). 

Mowatt (Sir Francis). 

ino^eil/(Fr.m.>, medium; — 
age 7e), the Middle Ages. 

moyenne (Fr. f.), average. 

Mozart (W. A.), 1756-91, 
Austrian composer. 

Mozartean, not -ian. 

Mozley (J. B.), 1813-78, 

M.P., Member of Parlia- 
ment, Methodist Protest- 
ant, Metropolitan Police, 
niille passus (a thou- 
sand paces — the Roman 
mile), Municipal Police, 
(Amer.) Master of 
Painting; mp (It. mus.^, 
mezzo-piano; M.P.C., 
Member of Parliament, 
Canada; M.Ph. (Amer.), 
Master of Philosophy ; 
M.P.Ii. (Amer.), Master 
of Polite Literature ; 
M.P.P., Member of 
Provincial Parliament ; 
M.P.S., Member of the 
Pharmaceutical Society 
(of Great Britain), ditto 
Philological Society. 

M.R., Master of the 
Rolls, Midland Railway ; 
Mr., Master, Mister, 
pi. Messrs. (point at 
end, neither should end 
a line) ; M.R.A.S., 
Member of the Royal 
Asiatic Society, ditto 
Royal Academy of Sci- 
ence; M.R.C.C., ditto 
Royal College of Chem- 
istry; M.R.C.O., ditto 
Organists ; M.R.C.P.*, 
ditto Royal College of 
Physicians; M.R.C.P.E., 
ditto of Edinburgh ; 
M.R.C.P.I., ditto of Ire- 
land; M.R.C.S.*, ditto 
Royal College of Sur- 
geons ; M.R.C.S.E., 
ditto of Edinburgh ; 
M.R.C.S.I., ditto of 
Ireland ; M.R.C.V.S., 
ditto Royal College of 
Veterinary Surgeons ; 
M.R.I., ditto Royal In- 
stitution ; M.R.I. A., ditto 
Royal Irish Academy ; 
Mrs., Mistress (point at 
end, should notend a line) ; 
M.R.S.L., Memberof the 
Royal Society of Litera- 
ture; M.R.U.S.I., ditto 
Royal United Service In- 

MS., tnanuscriptum (manu- 
script), pi. MSS. (large 
caps., point at end only 
for both) {see also manu- 
script) ; M.S., Master 
of Science, ditto Surgery, 
memorix sacrum (sacred 
to the memory of), 
(It. mus.) mano sinistra 
(the left hand); M.S. A., 
Member of the Society of 
Apothecaries (of London), 
also of Arts ; (Amer.) 
Master of Scientific Agri- 
culture, ditto Science and 
Arts; M.S. & L.R., 
Manchester, SheflBeld, and 
Lincoln {now Great Cen- 
tral) Railway; M.S.B.L., 



Member (late) School 
Board, London; M.S.C., 
Madras Staff Corps, 
Medical Staff Corps ; 
M.Sc, Master of Science 
(Durham and Victoria 
Master of Scientific Di- 
dactics; M.S.H., Master 
of Staghounds; m.S.l., 
mean sea-level ; MSS., 
ntanuscripta (manuscripts) 
{see also manuscript). 

M.T., Massoretic Text (of 
Old Test.) ; (railway) 
empty coach ;Mt., Mount, 
-ain ; Mt. Rev., Most 
Reverend ; Mts., Moun- 

MuchDewchurch, Here- 
ford ; Much Wenlock, 
Salop (two words). 

Muckross, Killamey, Ire- 

mucous (adj.). 

mucus (noun). 

mud/, -died, -djdng. 

Mudki, Punjab, not Mood- 

muezzin, Mohammedan 
crier, not mou-. 

muffetee, a wristlet. 

mufti (Arab.), a magistrate, 
not -tee (ital.). 

m.ufbi (in), in civilian dress 
(not ital.). 

Mughal, use Mogul. 

mugwump (Amer. poli- 
tics) (one word). 

Muhammad, use Mo- 

Miihlhausen, Saxony. 

mulatto/, pi. -es. 

mulch, half-rotten veget- 
able matter, not -sh. 

muietiYr.m.), grey mullet, 
also he-mule. 

Miilhausen, Alsace. 

mull- of (to make a), not 

Mullah, Moham. title of 
respect, not the many 

mullein (bot.), not -en. 

Miiller (P.M. or "Max**), 
1823- 1900, philologist. 

mulligatawny, a soup, 
not muli-, mulla-. 

muUion (building), not 

Mulock (Dinah M., later 
Mrs. Craik), 1826-87, 
wrote "John Halifax." 

mulsh, use mulch. 

Multan, Punjab, ms^ M00-. 

multimillionaire, a pos- 
sessor of several million 
pounds (one word). 

multiple mark (typ.), the 
sign of multiplication x . 

multiplepoinding (So. 
law) (one word). 

multum in parvo (Lat.), 
much in small compass. 

mumbo-jumbo, an object 
of popular homage (hy- 

Muncazy, see Munkdcsy. 

** Munchausen (Baron), 
Adventures of** ; Ger. 

Miinchen, German for 

mungoose/, not the many 
variations; //. -s. 

m unicipalize,etc. , not -ise. 

Munkd-osy (Mihaly), 
pseudonym of Michael 
Lieb, 184 4-1900, Hun- 
garian painter. 

Munnepoor, use Mani- 

munnion, use mull-. 


munstli (Ind.), a writer, 
not moonshee. 

Munster, Ireland. 

Miinster, Alsace, West- 

muntjao, a S. Asian deer, 
not -jack, -jak. 

Muntz*s metal. 

mur (Fr. m.), a wall. 

mitr (Fr. adj.), ripe. 

Murano glass. 

Murdoch (John), 1747- 
1824, friend of Burns. 



Murdock (William), 
1 754-1839, inventor of 
coal - gas lighting, not 

mure (Fr. f.), mulberry. 

murky, dark, ttot mi-. 

Miirren, Oberland, Switz. 

miurrhine, fluorspar ware, 
not murrine, myrrhine. 

Murroe, Tipperary. 

Murrough, Clare. 

Murrow, Wisbech. 

Murshidabad, Bengal. 

mus., museum, music, -al. 

Musalman, ms^MussuI-. 

Mus.B. or Bac, Bachelor 
of Music. 

muscja (Lat.), a fly ; pi. -as. 

muscadel, a Fr. or It. 
wine, also a pear and a 
dried grape, «o/-dine, -tel. 

Muschelkalk (geol.), shell 
limestone (cap.). 

Musclif the true mosses ; 

5/«^. -IIS. 

Mus.D. or Doc, Mustcse 
Doctor (Doctor of Music). 

museography, museum 
work, not musae-. 

Muses (the nine). Cal- 
liope, Clio, Erato, Eu- 
terpe, Melpomene, Poly- 
hymnia, Terpsichore, 
Thalia, Urania. 

museum, abbr. mus. 

Music (Bachelor of). 
abbr. Mus.B. or Bac; 
— (Doctor of), abbr. 
Mus.D. or Doc. ; — 
(Master of), Camb., 
abbr. Mus.M. 

music/, -al,abbr. mus. ; — 
demy, a paper 20^/4 
X 1 4^/8 in. ; — paper, that 
ruled for writing music 
upon; — type, that for 
printing music. 

Musigny, a red Burgundy 

tnusjid (Arab.), a mosque, 
use mas-*. 

Muslim, use Moslem. 

musHn-de-Ialtif use 

mousseline - de-laine. 

Mus.M., Master of Music 

musquito, use mos-. 


Musselburgh, Midlothian, 
not -borough. 

Mussul/man, a Moham- 
medan, a Moslem, not 
the many variations ; pi. 
-mans, not -men. 

mustache, use mous-. 

Mustafabad, N.W. Prov., 
Oudh, Punjab. 

Mustapha, Algeria. 

miistee* (W. Ind.), a half- 
breed, not me-. 

mustn't. (typ.)> to be close 

Musulmft,n, use Mussul- 

mutandjum (Lat.), any- 
thing to be altered ; pi. -a, 

mutatis mutandis (Lat.), 
with the necessary 
changes ; abbr. m.m. 

"mutual" friend, often 
objected to, though used 
by Burke, Dickens, Lyt- 
ton, Sterne, and others. 

Muzaffarpur, Bengal. 

muzblk, Russian peasant, 
not moujik, mujik ; /em. 

Muzio gambit, a chess 

M.V. (Amen), Medicus 
Veterinarius (Veterinary 
Physician) ; m. V. (It. 
mus. ), mezza voce (with half 
voice-power) ; M.V.O., 
Member (of fourth or fifth 
class) of the (Royal) Vic- 
torian Order. 

M.W., Most Worshipful, 
— Worthy; M.W.B., 
Metropolitan Water 

Board ; M.W.P., Most 
Worthy Patriarch. 

myall-wood, hard, violet- 
scented wood (hyphen). 

myceli/um (hot.), pi. -a. 

Mycenaean, of Mycenae. 

Myddelton Square, 

Clerkenwell (s^^ailsoMi-). 



My dear Sir, (in letters,two 
caps, only, comma at end). 

Myers (Ernest), 1844-, 
writer ; — (P. W. H.), 
1843-1901, writer and 
spiritualist {see also 
Miers, Myres). 

myosotis, the forget-me- 

Myres (John Linton), 
1 869-, archaeologist {see 
also Miers, Myers). 

Myriapoda, not Myrio-. 

myrobalan, a plum, not 

myrrhine, use murr-. 
myrtille (Fr. f.), bilberry, 
myrtle, not -tel. 
Mysore, Deccan, not 

myst., mysteries. 
mytacism, the wrong or 

too frequent use of "m," 

not me-. 
ni3rth., mythology, -ical. 
mythologize, etc., not 


not -paeic, -peic. 
Mytilene, Greece, notllLi-. 








"N., Norse, north, -ern. 
Northern postal district, 
London, all proper names 
with this initial, the 
thirteenth in a series, 
(Fr.) nord (north), (Lat.) 
nomjen, -ina (name, -s), 
nosier (our), (mag.) 
symbol of magnetic flux. 

N, nitrogen. 

(N.), Nationalist, (naval) 
navigating, -ion. 

n., nail (2^/4 inches), name, 
nephew, neuter, new, 
nominative, noon, note, -s, 

n., (Fr.) nous (we, us), 
(Lat.) natus (born), node 
(at night). 

B (math.), an indefinitely 
large quantity. 

U/ (Fr.), before a verb, 
nous (we, us). 

h (Sp.), called "« with 
the tilde," or "Spanish 
n " ; pron. as ni in onion. 

N.A., National Academy, 
-ician, Nautical Almanac, 
North America, -n. 

Na, natrium (sodium). 

n/a (banking), no ac- 

N.A.A., National Artillery 

Naas, Co. Kildare, pron. 
nas ; also Norway, the 
home of *'sloid." 

nabob*, Indian provincial 
governor (not cap.). 

Nabuchodonosor, see 

nach Cbrisii Geburt 
(Ger.), = A.D. ; abbr. 
n. Chr, (see alsovor ). 

Nacbdruck (Ger. typ. m.), 
reprint, pirated edition ; 
nacbdruckea, to re- 
print, or pirate. 

Nacbmittag (Ger. m.), 

afternoon ; abbr. Nm. 
nacbmittags (Ger. adv.), 

p.m. ; abbr. Nm. 
Nachtigal (Gustav), 

1834-85, Ger. traveller. 
nacre*, mother-of-pearl 

(not ital.). 
nacri (Fr.), like mother-of- 
pearl (ital.). 
N.A.D. (Amer.), National 

Academy of Design. , 
naenia, use ne-. 
Waesmyth (Sir M. Q.), 

1828-, engineer {see also 

naeve*, a skin blemish, 

''mother's mark,"- not 

ne- ; in Lat. nasvlus, 

pi. -/. 
Naga Hills, Assam. 
Nagar, Bengal, Madras, 

-nagar (Indian suffix), a 

town, as Ahmednagar, 

not -naggore, -nagore, 

-nugger, -ur. 
Nagasaki, Japan, not 

NageH (K. W. von), 

1817-91, Ger. botanist. 
Nagpur, India, not -pore. 
Nahum, Old Test., no 

naiad, not naid. 
naif, artless, use naive*; 

in Fr. na'iltyfem. -ve. 
nail*, 2^/4 inches ; abbr. n. 
Naini Tal, N.W. India. 
nainsook*, Ind. muslin, 

not -zook. 
Nairne (Baroness, ne'e 

Caroline Oliphant), 1776- 

1845, Sc. poetess. 
Nairnshire, Scotland. 
naivetS* (Fr. f.), artless- 




Nalson (John), 1638-86, 

theologian and historian. 
namable, use name- *. 
Namaqualand, S. Afr. 

(one word). 
namby-pamby*, weakly 

sentimental (hyphen). 
name, abbr. n. 
nameable*, not nam-. 
namely*, preferred to viz. 
namesake* (one word). 
names of ships (typ.), 

to be roman double- 
quoted, not italic. 
'«*N". & Q.", "Notes and 

nankeen*, fabric, not -kin. 
Nansen (Fridtjof), 

1861-, Arctic traveller. 
Nantucketlsland, U .S. A. 
Naoroji (Dadabhai), 

1 825-, first Parsi M.P. 
Nap., Napoleon. 
nap*/, -ped*, -ping*, 
nap*, a card game. 
naphtha*, but Fels- 

Napierian* logarithms, 

not -perian. 
napoleon*, in Fr. m. napo- 

iSott, 2o-franc coin. 
napoUtaine {h la) (Fr. 

cook.), in Neapolitan style 

(not cap. n.). 
nappe (math.), a cone. 
Narbada, Ind. river, see 

narghile'' (Pers., Turk.), 

Oriental pipe, not -gile, 

-h, -gili. 
Narragansett, Rhode I., 

U.S.A., not -et. 
narrow measure (typ.), 

type composed in narrow 

widths, as in columns, 
narwhal*, the sea-unicorn, 

not -e, -wal. 
N.A.S. (Amer.), National 

Academy of Science. 
nasalize*, not -ise. 
N.A.S.E. (Amer.), Nation- 
al Academy of Stationary 


Nash (Richard, or 
«*Beau**), 1674-1762, 
Bath Master of Cere- 

Nash or Nashe (Tho- 
mas), 1567-1601, sa- 

Nasirabad, India. 

Nasmith (James), 1740- 
1808, theol. and antiq. 

Nasmyth (James), 1808- 
90, engineer ; Nasmyth 
hammer, not -th's {see 
also Nae-). 

nasturtium*/ (bot.), not 
-ian, -ion ; pi. -s. 

Nat., Natal, Nathanael, 
-iel. National. 

nat., natural, -ist. 

nat. hist., natural his- 

National*/, abbr. Nat.; — 
Academy, -ician, abbr. 
N.A. ; — Assemblies 
{see Assemblies). 

Nationalist*, abbr. (N.). 

nationalize*, not -ise. 

nations and. places, as 
adjectives or nouns, in 
frequent commercial use, 
need no cap., as french 
polish, -er, morocco lea- 
ther, plaster of paris, 
Prussian blue, turkey red, 
and many others. 

native oyster*, one raised 
on an artificial bed. 

nat./ ord., natural order ; 
— phil., — philosophy. 

Nat. Sc.D. (Amer.), Doc- 
tor of Natural Science. 

natt/y*, -ily*. 

natura (Lat.), nature. 

natural*/, -ist*, abbr. nat. 

natural* (mus.), sign t|. 

naturalla (Lat.), the sex- 
ual organs. 

naturalize*, not -ise. 

Natura non facit saltum 
(Lat.), Nature makes no 

nature*, the processes of 
the material world ; cap. 
only when personified. 



ttBturel (au) (Fr. cook.), 
plainly prepared. 

nature-printing*, a pro- 
cess by which objects are 
so impressed on a soft 
metal plate as to engrave 
themselves, copies being 
then taken for printing. 

natUS (Lat. ), born ; abbr. n. 

naught*, nothing, noi nou-, 


Nauheim (Bad), Grand 
duchy of Hesse. 

naatcb*f Ind. dancing en- 
tertainment, also adj., not 

nautical*/, abbr. naut. ; 
— mile, 6080 feet. 

Nautical Almanac* 
(typ.),no quotation marks; 
abbr. N.A. 

nautil/us *,/>/. -i*. 

nav., naval, navigation. 

Navaho/, N. Amer. Indian; 
pi. -es. 

navarin (Fr. cook, m.), 
a stew of mutton or lamb. 

Navarrese, of Navarre. 

Nav. Const., Naval Con- 

navet* (Fr. m.), turnip. 

navigat/ing*, -ion*, abbr. 
(N.), or nav. 

Navy and Army (the), 
in toasts, etc., the Navy 
precedes, being the senior 

** Navy List " (no hyphen) . 

of Nazareth. 

N.B., New Brunswick {see 
also Scotland) ; N.B., 
nota bene (mark well) ; 
Nb, niobium ; N.B.B,., 
North British Railway ; 
n, Br. (Ger.), ndrdliche 
Breiie (north latitude). 

N.C., North Carolina 
(offic.) ; n. Cbr, (Ger.), 
nach Christo or nach 
Christi Geburt (=a.d.); 
N.C.O., Non-commis- 
National Cyclists' Union. 

N.-D. (Fr.), Notre-Dame; 
n.d., no date; N.D.A. 
(Amer.), National Dip- 
loma in Agriculture ; 
N. Dak., North Dakota 
(offic); N.D.Ii., Nord- 
deutscher Lloyd. 

N.E., new edition. New 
England, U.S.A., north- 
east {see also compass), 
North-Eastern postal dis- 
trict, London, (Fr.) nord- 
est (north-east). 

d6 (Fr. m.), fern. nSe, 

n/e (bank.), no effects. 

Neal (Daniel), 1 678-1 743, 
Puritan writer ; — 
(John), 1793-1876, 

Amer. writer (5^^ also 
Neele, Neill). 

Neale (John Mason), 
1818-66, hymnologist. 

Neanderthal skull. 

Neapolitans, inhabitants 
of Naples. 

neap tide* (two words). 

near*, abbr. nr. 

Nearctic *, noi Neoarctic. 

neat*s-foot oil. 

Nebr., Nebraska (offic. 

Nebuchad/nezzar (Na- 
buchodonosor inApocr. 
and the Vulgate ; -rezzar, 
in Jer. XLiii. 10, etc.). 

nebul/a*, pi. -ae*. 

nebulbse*, not -ise. 

aScessaJre (Fr. m.), a 

Neckar, river, Wurtem- 

Necker (Jacques), 1732- 
1804, ^^- statesman. 

nec pluribus impar 
(Lat.), a match for many 
(motto of Louis XIV). 

nectarize *, not -ise. 

N.E.D., <' New English 
Dictionary," use O.E.D. 
("Oxford English Dic- 

needlework* (one word). 

Neeld (Sir A. D.), 1849-. 



Neele (Henry), 1798- 
1828, poet {see also liTeal, 

neelghau, an antelope, 
M5^ nylghau*. 

ne'er*/, never ; (typ.) close 
up ; — -do- well* (hy- 

Be exeat regno (law), a 
writ to restrain a person 
from leaving the kingdom. 

ne fasti {dies) (Lat.), blank 

NefPtzer (Auguste), 

1820-76, Fr. publicist. 

neg., negative, -ly. 

nSg. (Fr.), negation (nega- 

negatur (Lat.), it is denied. 

neglectable*, «sg neglig- 

n6glig6* (Fr. m.), undress. 

negligible*, not -eable. 

negotiate*, «o/-ciate. 

Negretti & Zambra, 
opticians, London. 

negrillo*/, not -ilo ; pi. -es. 

negrito*/, pi. -es. 

negro */, pi. -es. 

negroid*, not -rooid. 

Negus*, title of Emperor 
of Abyssinia. 

negus*, wine punch. 

Neh., Nehemiah. 

n.e.i., non est inventus (he, 
she, or it, has not been 

neige{Fr. cook.f.), whisked 
white of egg. 

neighbour*/, -hood*, not 

Neilgherry Hills, S. 
Ind., use Nilgiri — . 

Weill (Patrick), d. 1705, 
first printer in Belfast ; 
, 1776-X851, Sc. nat- 
uralist ; pron. neel {see also 
Neal, Neele). 

neither*, is followed by 
singular verb. 

nematoid*, not -ode. 

neat, con,*, nemine contra- 
dicente; — diss,*, — dis- 

Nemean*, of Nemea, not 

Nemesis* (cap.). 

nemine] contradicente 
(Lat.), unanimously, abbr. 
nem. con, ; — dis- 
sentiente^ no one dis- 
senting, abbr. nem. diss, 

nemoj (Lat.), nobody ; — 
me impune iacessit 
(Lat.), no one attacks 
me with impunity (motto 
of Scotland, and of the 
Order of the Thistle). 

nemophila* (bot.). 

N.Eng., New England. 

nenia, an elegy, not nse-. 

ne nimium (Lat.), shun 

nenuphar*, the great white 

neo-Christianity* (cap. 
C only). 

Neocomian* (geol.) ( cap.) . 

neo-Darwin/ian*, -ism, 
neo-ljamarckian (hy- 
phen, one cap.). 

neologize*, to use new 
terms, not -ise. 

Neoplaton/ic *, -ism * 
(one word). 

Nep., Neptune. 

Nepal, India, not -aul. 

Nepean, pron. nep-een', 

nephew*, abbr. n. 

nefpius uitra*{'Lat.), per- 
fection ; — quid nimis, 
be wisely moderate. 

N.E.R., North - Eastern 
Railway (hyphen). 

Nerbudda, Indian river, 
more correctly Narbada. 

nereid*/, pi. -s. 

Neri (Saint Philip), 
1515-95, founder of the 
Congregation of the Ora- 
Nernst, electric lamp* 
nero-antico (It.), a black 

Nesbit(E.), 1858-, writer. 
Nesbitt (Rev. J. J.), 

1865-, writer. 
Nessler*s test (chem.). 




n'est'Ce pas? (Fr.), isn't 
that so ? 

net*, not subject to deduc- 
tion, not nett. 

net*/, -ted*, -ting*. 

JCfeth., Netherlands. 

nett, not subject to deduc- 
tion, usg net*. 

nettle rash* (two words). 

network* (one word). 

Neuchatel, Switz. 

NeufchateljAisne, France. 

Netiilly, dep. Seine, Fr. 

neurasthenia*, not neu- 

nenrine*, not -in. 

Neuropter/on, pi. -a. 

neuter*, abbr. n., or neut. 

neutralize*, not -ise. 

Nev., Nevada (offic. abbr.). 


neverj-ending*, fail- 
ing* (hyphens). 

nevermore* (one word). 

Nevill, family name of 
M arquess of Abergavenny . 

Neville, family name of 
Baron Braybrooke. 

new*, abbr. n. 

Newbegin, Yorks. 

Newbiggin, Durham, 

Newbigging, Forfar, Lan- 

Newborough (Baron). 

New Brunswick, abbr. 

Newburgh (Earl of), 


Lyme; upon-Tyne 


new-comer* (hyphen). 

Newdegate (Lady New- 
digate-, not Newde-), 

Newdigate (Sir H. R. 
Legge), 183a-, Lieut. - 
Gen. ; — (Sir Roger), 
1719-1806, founder of 
Oxford prize poem. 

new edition, abbr. N.E. 
(see also title pages). 

newfangled* (one word). 


New Forest, Hants (two 
words) ; Newfoundland 
(one word), abbr. NE. ; 
New Hampshire, 
U.S.A., abbr.N.H., never 
abbr. as — Hants ; New- 
haven, near Edin., Sus- 
sex (one word) ; New 
Haven, Connecticut, 
U.S.A. (two words) ; 
New Hebrides, abbr. 
N.Heb. ; New Jersey, 
Mexico, abbr. N.Mex. 

Newmilns, Ayrshire. 

Ne wnam, Georgia, U.S.A. 

Newnes (Sir George), 
1851-, publisher; pron. 

Newnham College, Cam- 
bridge (for ladies). 

(Lieut.- Colonel Na- 
thaniel), 1854-, writer. 

New Orleans, abbr. N.O. 

new paragraph (typ.), 
abbr. new par., or n.p., 
sign % or [. 

New Quay, Cardigan 
(two words). 

Newquay, Cornwall (one 
word) ; pron. new'key. 

New Bed Sandstone 
(geol.) (caps.). 

New South Wales (three 
words, caps., no hyphen) ; 
abbr. N.S.W. 

newspapers (titles of) 
(typ.), when cited, to 
be roman double-quoted; 
s.caps. only when in the 
paper itself. 

newsvendor*, not -er. 

New Testament, abbr. 
N.T., or New Test.; for 
abbr. of books in, see their 

Lanes, Yorks (hyphens); 
Newtonmore, Inver- 
ness (one word) ; New- 
ton Poppleford, Devon 
(two words) ; Ne'wton 
Stewart, Kirkcudbright 


(two words, 5^^ alsoNe^w- 
town — ). 

Newtownards, Co. Down 
(one word) ; New^town- 
butler, Fermanagh (one 
word) ; !N"e"wtown- 

cunningham, London- 
derry (one word) ; New- 
townforbes, Co. Long- 
ford (one word); New- 
Wicklow (one word) ; 
Newtownsands, Lim- 
erick (one word) ; liTew- 
to^vn Ste"wart, Tyrone 
(two words, see also 
Newton — ). 

New Twopot House, 
Mallow (three words). 

New Year's Day (caps.). 

New York, Durham, 
Lines, Northumb. ; in 
U.S.A. off. abbr. for city 
or state N.Y. (two 

New-Yorker, inhabitant 
of New York (hyphen). 

New Zealand, abbr. N.Z. 

nex/us* (Lat.), a tie; pi. 

Ney (Michel), 1769-1815, 
French marshal. 

nez retroussS (Fr. m.), 
an upturned nose. 

NF., Newfoundland. 

N.P., New French, Nor- 

N.G., National Guard, New 
Granada ; n.g., no good ; 
N.Qr., New Greek. 

N.H., New Hampshire; 
N.Heb., New Hebrew, 
— Hebrides; NHQ., 
New High German (one 
point only). 

N.I., Native Infantry ; Ni, 

Niam-niam, Afr. people 
(one cap. only), not Nyam- 

** Nibelungenlied," Ger. 
epic, ttot Nie-(one word). 

niblick*, a golf club. 

Nicar., Nicaragua. 

niche*, a recess, not -ch ; 

pron. nich. 
Nicholas I, 1796-1855, 

Emperor of Russia {see 

also Nicolas). 
•* Nicholas (Saint),** 

magazine for children (^see 

also Nicolas). 
"Nicholas Nickleby,*' 

by Dickens, 1838. 
Nicholls (Sir George), 

1781 - 1865, Poor Law 

Nichols, family of printers 

and antiquaries. 
Nicholson (Sir C. A.), 

1867-, Bart, (see also 

nicbt wabr? (Ger.), isn't 

that so ? 
nick* (typ.), a groove cast 

in the shank of a type 

as an aid in placing it 

nickel *y, symbol Ni; — 

-plating (hyphen). 
nicknack, use knick- 
nickname (one word). 
Nicobar Islands, Ind. 

Ocean, not Nik-. 
Nicolas (Saint), patron of 

Russia ; — (Sir Nicho- 

lasH.), 1799-1848, writer 

{see also Nicholas). 
Nicole (Fran9ois), 1683- 

1758, Fr. mathematician; 

— (Pierre), 1625-95, 

a Port Royalist. 
NicoU (Robert), 1814- 

37, Scots poet; — (W. 

Robertson), 1851-, 

Nicol prism (physics). 
Nicolson (Sir Arthur), 

1849-, Bart.; — (Sir 

A.T.B.R.), 184a-, Bart. 

(see also Nicholson). 
** NicomacheanEthics,** 

by Aristotlfe. 
Nicosia, Cyprus, Sicily, 

not Nik-. 
N.I.D., Naval Intelligence 

059 17 * 


nid/us (Lat.), a nest; pi. -i. 

" Niebelungenlied,** use 

Niebuhr (Barthold 

Qeorg), 1776-1831, his- 
torian ; — (Karsten), 
1733-1815, traveller. 

niece*, a relation, «o^ nei-. 

nlelljo. It. metal work ; pi. 

Niepce(J. N.), 1765-1833, 
originatorofphotography ; 
— de Saint- Victor 
(C. M. F.), 1805-70, 
inventor of heliography; 
pron. ne-eps'. 

Niersteiner, a hock. 

Nietzsche (F. W.), 1844- 
90, Ger. writer. 

Ni^vre, dep. France. 

night-/cap*, -dress* 

(hyphens), -fall* (one 
word), -gown * (hyphen), 
-shade*(bot.) (one word), 
-shirt* (hyphen). 

nibilj (Lat.), nothing; — 
ad rem, nothing to the 
purpose ; — debet, he 
owes nothing ; — dicit, 
he says nothing. 

Nijni-Novgorod, Russ., 
use Nizh-. 

Nikobar Islands, use 

Nikolaiev, Russian naval 
head -quarters. 

Nikosia, Cyprus, Sicily, 
use Nic-. 

n/// (Lat.), nothing ; — ad- 
mirari, wondering at 
nothing {not admiring 
nothing) ; — COttSCire 
sibi, to be conscious of 
no fault ; — desperan- 
dum, despair of nothing. 

nilgau, an antelope, noi 
the many variations. 

Nilgiri Hills, S. Ind., noi 

nil nisi cruce (Lat.), 
nothing but by the cross. 

Nilsson (Christine), 
1843-, singer. 

Hi run ni I'autre (Fr.), 

neither the one nor the 

nimbus/, a halo, a rain 
cloud ; pi. -es (not ital.). 

Nimes, dep. France, not 

niminy-piminy, affected- 
ly delicate, not -i -i. 

B*importel (Fr.), never 
mind ! 

nincompoop, a simpleton 
(one word). 

ninepins, a game (one 

nineteenth century 

(typ.), preferred to 19th, 
XIX, orXIXth (hyphen 
as adj.) (-stf^a/so century). 

ninth, not -eth. 

niobium, symbol Nb. 

nip/, -ped, -per, -ping. 

Nippon, native name for 

nL prl., nisi pnus. 

Nirvana (Budd.), cessa- 
tion of sentient existence. 

Nisbet/, Roxburgh ; — 
& Co., publishers, Lon- 
don, not -ett. 

ll/s//(Lat.), unless;— pr/l/S, 
unless before, abbr. ni.pri, 

Nismes (Fr.), use Nimes. 

nisus (Lat.), effort. 

nitrate, a salt of nitric acid. 

nitrite, a salt of nitrous acid. 

nitrogen, symbol N. 

nitrogenize, not -ise. 

nitrogenous, not -eous. 

nitro-glycerine, not -in 

Nitsch, a family of Ger. 

Nizam (5. and />/.), title of 
Haidarabad ruler. 

nizam, a Turk, soldier ; pi. 

Nizhni-Novgorod,Russ. , 
not Nijni-. 

N.J., New Jersey, U.S.A. 

N.Ii., New Latin ; n.l. 
(typ.), new line;, 
north latitude; N.L.C, 
National Liberal Club ; 
N.L.F., ditto Federation ; 


N Ji.1. — NON 

W.L.I., National Life- 
boat Institution. 

Nm. (Ger.), NachmUtag 
(afternoon), nachtniiiags 
(p.m.) ; N.Mex., New 
Mexico (offic. abbr.). 

N.N.E., north-north-east. 

N.If.W., north-north-west 
{see also oompass). 

N.O., New Orleans, (bot.) 
natural order, -s, (Fr.) 
fiord-ouest (north-west). 

No., from It. numero (num- 
ber) ; pi. KTos. J in Fr. n^ 

' (no point). 

no, pi. noes. 

nobis (Lat.), for, or on, our 
part ; abbr. nob, 

noblesse} (Fr. f.), nobility; 
— oblige, — imposes 

node (Lat.), at night; 
abbr. n. 

** Noctes AjnbrosiansB," 
articles in ** Blackwood's 

nocturne, picture, dreamy 
mus. piece (not ital.). 

N.O.D., Naval Ordnance 

nod/, -ded, -ding. 

Noel (Fr. m.), Christmas. 

naeud (Fr. m.), a knot. 

noisette (Fr. f.), a hazel- 

noisome, noxious (no con- 
nexion with noise). 

noisy, not -ey. 

nolens volens (Lat.), un- 
willing or willing. 

noli-me-tangere, a plant, 
also a disease. 

NoUekens (Joseph), 
1 737-1823, sculptor. 

nolle prosequi {Lat.), will 
not continue ; abbr. noL 

nolo] (Lat.), I will not ; — 
contendere, the plea 
' ' guilty " ; — episcopari, 
I do not wish to be a 

noL pros,, nolle prosequi 
(will not continue). 

nom., nominative. 

nomadize, not -ise. 

territory (apos., hyphens). 

nomj de guerre (Fr. m.), 
— de plume (Ang.-Fr.), 
or nomj littSraire, or 
pseudonyme, a literary 
pseudonym ; — de tbSa- 
tre, stage-name. 

nomjen (Lat.), a name, pi. 
-ina, abbr. W. ; nomenj 
genericum, a generic 
name ; — Specificitm, a 
specific name. 

nomic, conventional. 

nomin., nominative. 

nominalize, not -ise. 

nominative, abbr. n., 
nom., ornomin. 

nonj (Lat.), not; — as- 
sumpsit, a denial of any 

nonce-"word, one used for 
the nonce. 

nonchalance, indiflfer- 
ence (not ital.). 

nonchalant/, indifferent ; 
in Fr. f. -e. 

Non- commissioned of- 
ficer/, -s, abbr. W.C.O. 

non compos mentis 
(Lat.), of unsound mind. 

non con., non-content, or 

Nonconformist (cap.). 

non constat (Lat.), it is 
not clear. 

non coups (Fr.), uncut 
' leaves. 

non-ego (metaph.), the 
not-self (ital.). 

non estj (Lat.), it is want- 
ing; inventus, he, 

she, or it has not been 
found, abbr. n.e.i. 

nonesuch, without equal, 
not nonsuch (one word). 

nonet or nonetto (mus.), 
composition for nine. 

noni inventus (Lat.), not 
found ; — libet, it does 
not please (me) ; — licet, 
it is not permitted ; — 



liquet, it is not clear ; — 
mi ricordo (It.), I do 
not remember ; — nobis 
(Lat.), not unto us; — 
obstante (Lat.% not- 
withstanding, abbr. non 
obst ; non obstante 
veredicto, notwithstand- 
ing the verdict. 
nonpareil, unequalled ; 
(typ.) a size of type, six point, 
twelve lines to the inch, as this. 

In Fr. nonpareille, Ger. 

non placet (Lat.), it does 
not commend itself. 

nonplus/, -sed, -sing. 

non plus ultra (Lat.), per- 

non] possumus (Lat.%we 
cannot ; — prosequitur, 
he does not prosecute, 
abbr. non pros. ; — 
rOgn6 (Fr.), with uncut 
and untrimmed leaves ; — 
sequitur (Lat.), it does 
not follow logically, abbr. 
non seq, 

nonsuch, use nonesuch, 

nonsuit (one word). 

noon, abbr. n. 

noonday (one word). 

no one (two words). 

n.o.p., not otherwise pro- 
vided for. 

no par. (typ.), matter to 
run on, and have no break. 

Nor., Norman. 

nord (Fr. m.). north ; abbr. 

Norddeutscher Lloyd 
(two words) ;abbr.N".D.Ij. 

Nordenfeldt gun. 

Nordenskjold (N. A. E., 
baron), 1832-1901, tra- 
veller, not -iold. 

nordj-est (Ft.), north-east, 
abbr. N.E. ; — -ouest, 
caps, except for abbrs.). 

NorgG, local name for 

norm, an authoritative 

Norm (Ger. typ. t), the 
sheet signature (cap.). 

normja (Lat.), a rule or 
measure; pi. -as, 

normalize, to standardize, 
not -ise. 

Wormanby (Marq. of). 

normande (k la) (Fr. 
cook.), apple-flavoured 
(not cap.). 

Noronha (Fernando), 
isles in S. Atlantic. 

Norrkoping, Sweden. 

KTorroy, the third King-of- 

Worse, abbr. W. 

north, abbr. W. (see also 

north., northern. 

North (Christopher), 
pen-name of Prof. J. 
Wilson, 1785-1854. 

Northallerton, Yorks 
(one word). • 

North Am eric/a, -an, 
abbr. N. A., or N. Amer. 

abbr. Northants. 

North Britain, or Scot- 
land, abbr. Scot., not 

north-east, abbr. N.E. 
(see also compass). 

northern, abbr. N., or 

"North-German Gaz- 
ette** (one hyphen). 

North Hm, Cornwall 
(two words). 

Northill, Beds (one word). 

North Pole (caps.). 

Northumb., Northumber- 

North Wales, abbr. N."W. 

north-'west, abbr. N.'W. 
(see also compass). 

Norvic, signature of Bp. 
of Norwich (full point"). 

Norw., Norway, Nor- 

'Norwsiy, local name 
Norge; in Fr. Norvege 
(see also Assemblies, 



Norwegian typogra- 
phy, practically as Dan- 

n^s, numeros (numbers). 

nosce teipsum (Lat.), 

know thyself, 
nos/e, -y, not -ey. 
nose-piece (hyphen). 
nostalgia, home-sickness, 

not -gy. 
ttOSter (Lat.), our, our own ; 

abbr. N. 
Nostradamus (Michel 

de Nostredame), 1503- 

66, Fr. astrologer, 
nostrum/, pi. -a (not 

nota bene (Lat.), mark 

well ; abbr. N.B. 
notabitia (Lat.), notable 

notandjum (Lat.), a thing 

to be noted ; pi. -a. 
Notary -Public, law of- 
ficer (caps., hyphen) ; 

abbr. N.P. 
notation {seg figures), 
note/, -s, abbr. n. (see 

bottom, cut-in, foot-, 

shoulder-, side-), 
notebook (one word). 
note of/ admiration or 

exclamation (!) ; 

interrogation (?) (see 

punctuation, XVII, 

note-paper (size folded) : 

Albert, 6 x s'/g !»• 

Bath, 8x7 

billet, 6x4 

commercial, 8x5 

octavo, 7 X 4V2 

packet, 9 X 5V2 

Prince of Wales, 

4V2 X 3 

Queen, s'/g x 3V2 
notic/e, -eable, -ing. 
notif/y, -ied, -ying. 
notitija (Lat.), a list; pi. 

not proven (see proven). 
notre (Fr. adj.), our; 

ndtre (le, la), pronoun, 

ours; lesndtres, our folk. 

Notre-Dame (Our Lady>, 
abbr. N.-D., Fr. name of 
many churches, not No- 

Nottinghamshire, abbr. 

notjum (Lat.), the back (of 
an insect) ; pi. -a. 

n'oubliez pas (Fr.), don't 

nougat (Fr. m.), a con- 
fection ; pron. noo'gah. 

nought, use nau- *. 

noumen/on (metaph.), pi, 

noun, abbr. n. 

nouns (collective), if re- 
garded as a whole to be 
treated as singular, as the 
army is, the committee 
meets, the company was, 
the French people is a 
great nation. If regarded 
individually, to be treated 
as plural, as the French 
people are thrifty ; — or 
adjectives 0/ nation or 
place, in frequent com- 
mercial use, need no 
caps., as french polish, -er, 
morocco leather, plaster 
of paris, prussian blue, 
turkey red. 

nouns (German), all have 
initial caps. 

nous (Fr.), we; abbr. n., 
before a verb nj. 

nous (Gr.), shrewdness ; 
pron. nows (ital.). 

nous avons cbangS tout 
eel a (Fr.), we have 
changed all that. 

nous verrons (Fr.), we 
shall see. 

nouveauj ricbe} (Fr. m.), a 
parvenu ; pi. -x -S. 

nouveautSs ( magasin 
de) (Fr. m.), linendraper's 
shop, not — des — . 

nouvelles (Fr. f. pi.), 

Nov., November. 

Nova/ Scotia, Canada, 
abbr. N.S.j — Zembla, 


Arctic islands (two words, 

Noveboracensian, of 
New York, not Nova-. 

novelette, a small novel. 

novelize, not -ise. 

November, abbr. Nov. 

novitiate, not -ciate. 

novas homo (Lat.), a 
self-made man; pi. novi 

no'wadays (one word). 

no"V7here (one word). 

noyau, a liqueur. 

N.P., New Providence, No- 
tary-Public ; n.p. (typ.), 
new paragraph ; N.P.D. 
(naut.), nortla polar dis- 
tance ; N.P.L., National 
Physical Laboratory, 


Nr. (Ger.), Nummer (num- 
ber) ; nr.,near; N.R.A., 
National Rifle Associa- 

N.S., National Society, New 
School, — Series, — Side, 
— Style (after 175a), 
Nova Scotia, Numismatic 
Society; N.-S., Notre- 
Seigmur (Our Lord) ; n.S., 
not specified ; n/s (bkg.), 
not sufficient ; N.S.A., 
National Skating Asso- 
ciation ; N.S.LC. (Lat.), 
Nosier Salvatorlesus Chris- 
tus; N.-S. J.-C. (Fr.), 
Notre - Seigneur Jesus - 
Christ (Our Lord Jesus 
Christ); N.S. P. CO., 
National Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to 
Children ; N.S. Tripos, 
Natural Science Tripos; 
N.S.S., New Shakspere 
Society; N.S.W., New 
South Wales. 

N.T., New Testament, — 
Translation, (Australia) 
Northern Territory. 

n.U., name unknown. 

nuance, tint (not ital.). 

Nubecul/a, the Magellanic 
clouds ; pi. -8d. 

nucle/us, pi. -i. 

nudis verbis (Lat.), in 
plain words. 

nugiB (Lat.), trifles. 

-nugger, Indian sufiBx (see 

null {Fr.),/em. -/e, no one. 

nullo (typ.), the o, or zero. 

nullah, a dry water- 

nulla - nulla, Austral, 
wooden club, not -ah -ah. 

nullify, -ied, -jnLng. 

nulll secundus (Lat.), 
second to none. 

Num., Numbers (Old 
Test.), not Numb. 

num., numeral, -s. 

number, abbr. No., pi. 
Nos. {see also figures). 

number (house), in road 
or street, not to be fol- 
lowed by a point, as, 
6 Fleet Street. 

numbers, abbr. Nos. {see 
also figures). 

numerals (roman), caps. 
to be followed by a point. 
For kings, rulers, etc., the 
name should be in lower 
case, and the numeral in 
caps, as, Henry V, Ed- 
ward VII (no point). 
Lower case i, ii, etc., 
should be used for pagina- 
tion of preliminary matter. 
In Fr. no full point after. 
In Ger. full point with 
arable or roman ordinal 
numbers, but not cardinal. 
Abbr. num. 

num£rlateur (Fr. m.), nu- 
merator ; -O, number, 
abbr. n", pi. n°^; 
-Oter, to number (e.g. 
pages) ; -Oteur, number- 
ing machine. 

numis., numismatic, -s, 

Nummer {Ger. f.), number, 
abbr. Nr, 

numskull, a dunce, not 



nunc aut nunquam 

(Lat.), now or never. 
Nunc dimittis (Lat.), 

Simeon's canticle. 
nuncheon, a midday meal, 

not -ion. 
nuncio, a papal messenger ; 

pi. -8. 
Nuneham, near Oxford 

{see also Newn-). 
nunquam (Lat.), never, 
nuphar, yellow water-lily. 
nur, nurr, a hard knot in 

wood, use knur *. 
Nuremberg, «o/ -burg; in 

Ger. Niimb". 
nurl, use kn- *. 
nurs/e, -ing. 
nurseryman (one word). 
N.U.T., National Union of 

nut/, -ted, -ting, 
nut/crackers ; -hatch, a 

bird ; -shell (one word). 
N.U.W.W., National 

Union of Women Work- 
nux vomica (two words) ; 

abbr. nux vom. 

N.V., New Version ; 
N.V.M., Nativity of the 
Virgin Mary. 

N.W., North Wales, north- 
west {see compass), 
North - Western postal 
district, London ; N.W. 
Prov., North - West 
Provinces, India ; 

N.W.S.A., National 
Women's Suffrage Asso- 
ciation ; N. W.T., North- 
west Territory. 

N.Y., New York, city or 
state, U.S.A. (offic). 

Nyam-Nyam, ws^Niam- 

Nyassaland, Eq. Afr., 
not Nyasa- (one word). 

N.Y.H.S., New York 
Historical Society. 

nylghau*, not nilgau. 

nyraph/a (anat.); pi, -ae. 

NymphsBa, white water- 

Nysa, an asteroid. 

Nyssa, a genus of plants. 

N.Z., New Zealand. 






O., Odd Fellows, Ohio 

(U.S.A.), old, Order (as 
D.S.O.), owner, the four- 
teenth in a series, all 
proper names with this 
initial, (Fr. m.) ouest 
(west), (Ger. m.) Osten 
(east), (naut.) overcast, 
(typ.) overseer. 

O, oxygen, (Lat.) ociavus 
(a pint). 

O ! 5^^ Oh ! 

O**, Ir. name prefix; (typ.) 
use apos. as O'Neill, not 
turned comma, 

O*, abbr. for of. 

O (Dan., Sw.), island. 

0, the "Danish" o. 

o/a, on account of. 

Oak-apple Day, 29 May. 

Oakeley (Sir C. W. A.), 
1828- ; — (Sir Evelyn), 
1833- ; - (Sir H. S.), 
1 830- 1903, M us. Doc. 

Oakley (Sir Henry), 
1 823-. 

oarweed, use ore-*. 

oas/is*, pi. -es*. 

oatcake (one word). 

Oates (Titus), 1 649-1 705. 

oatmeal* (one word). 

ob., oboe, obolus (half- 

06., obiit (he, she, or it 

Obadiah, abbr. Obad. 

obbUgato* (It. mus.), not 
obi-; abbr. obb. 

obeah*, witchcraft, etc., not 
obea, obeeyah, obi. 

obelisk*, not -isc ; (typ.) 
the dagger mark (f ) ; 
double obelisk*, J. 

obel/us*, critical mark,//. 
-i*; in ancient MSS. — , 
•rr, or-):. 

Ober-Ammergau, Bav- 
aria (caps., hyphen). 

obi, use obeah*. 

obiitl (Lat.), he, she, or it 

died, abbr. ob. ; — sine 

prole, died without issue, 

abbr. ob.S.p. 
obiter] dictum* (Lat.), a 

thing said by the way, pi. 

— dicta * ; — script\um, 

ditto written, pi. — a. 
object/, -ion, -ive, -ively, 

abbr. obj. 
object-glass* (hyphen). 
obi., oblique, oblong. 
obligato, use obb-*. 
obliger *, one who obliges, 
obligor* (law). 
oblique, abbr. obi. 
obliviscence*, forgetful- 

oblong, abbr. obi. 
obo/e* (mus.), «o/hautbois, 

-boy; abbr. ob. ; -ist*, 

not -eist. 
obol/us*, a coin; pi. -i*, 

abbr. ob. 
O'Brien (W. S.), 1803-64, 

Irish patriot. 
O'Bryan ("W.), 1778-1868, 

founder Bible-Christians; 

his followers Bryanites, 

not O'-. 
obs., observation, observa- 
tory, obsolete, 
obsequ/ies*, the sing, -y* 

not used. 
observanda* (Lat.), things 

to be observed, 
observat/ion, -ory, abbr. 

obsidian * (mineral.). 
obsolescen/ce*, -t*, be- 
coming obsolete, 
obsolete, abbr. obs. 
ob.S.p. f obiit sine prole (died 

without issue). 
obstetrics, abbr. obstet. 
obstructor*, not -er. 



obverse *, that side of a 
coin with the head or 
main device. 
O.C., Old Carthusian, — 

Catholic, — Cheltonian. 
O.C, opere citato (in the work 

o*c., MS. abbr. for o'clock. 
o/c, overcharge. 
Occam/ (Williain of), 
1280-1349 ; -ism *, -ist*, 
not Ockham. 
Occidental*, western 

occur/*, -red*, -rence*, 

-rent*, -ring*. 
OCelljUS*, an eyelet ;pl.-i*. 
ochJocracy*, mob-rule. 
ochone, use ohone*. 
ochr/e*, -eous*, -y*, not 

-er, oker. 
Ochterlony (Sir D. F.), 

Ockham, Surrey {see also 

o'clock* (typ.), close up, 
not to be abbreviated 
in print ; MS. abbr. o*C. 
O* Connell (Daniel), 1775- 

O'Connor (T. P.), 1848-, 

journalist, politician. 
O'Conor (Sir W. R.), 

O* Conor Don (The) (cap. 

Oct., October. 
octahedr/al*,-on,^/. -a*, 
not octae-, octoe-, octoh-. 
octaroon, use octo- *.• 
octastyle *, having eight 

columns, not octo-. 
Octateuch*, first eight 

books O.T., not Octo-. 
octavo/*, a book having 
eight leaves, or sixteen 
pages, to the sheet ;/>/. -s, 
abbr. 8vo (no point) 
(for sizes, see books), 
octet* (mus.), not -ett, 

-ette, ottett (not ital.). 
October, abbr. Oct. 

mo,a book having eighteen 
leaves, or thirty-six pages, 
to the sheet ; pi. -s, abbr. 
18mo (no point). 
octopus/*, pi. -es* ; pron, 

octoroon*, «o^octa-. 
octroi* (Fr. m.), munici- 
pal customs duties. 
Oculi Sunday*, third in 

oculjus*, an eye ; pi. -/*. 
O.D., Old Dutch, Ordnance 

od*, a hypothetical force. 
odal*, land held in absolute 

ownership, not udal. 
odalisque* (Turk.), female 

slave, not -isk. 
O.Dan., Old Danish. 
Odd Fellows (official, two 
words, caps.) ; abbr. O., 
or O.F. 
oddfolios, orpages (typ.), 
the right-hand pages, 
numbered i, 3, 5, etc. 
oddments* (typ.)? the 
parts of a book separate 
from the body, such as 
title, contents; also a 
section containing an odd 
number of pages. 
Odelsthing, lower house 

Norw. Parliament. 
Od6on, Paris theatre. 
Odeypore, use Udaipur. 
odi profanum valgus 
(Lat.), I loathe the com- 
mon herd. 
odiumj aestbeticum* 
(Lat.), the bitterness of 
aesthetic controversy ; — 
medicum*, ditto medi- 
cal ; — musicum*, ditto 
musical ; — tbeologi- 
cum *, ditto theological. 
odometer, use h- *. 
O'Donoghue of the 

Glens (The) (cap. T). 
0*Donovan(The)(cap. T). 
odontoglossum/*, an or- 
chid ; pi. -S. 
odor/if erous*, -ize*, 
-izer, -ous*. 



odor lucri (Lat.), the 

expectation of gain. 

odour/*, -less*, not -or. 

Odysseus, Gr. for Ulysses. 

Odyss/ey *, Gr. epic ; 
-ean* (not ital.). 

O.E., 01dEnglish,omissions 

oe (ligature), for single 
sounds, is in England 
generally employed in 
English, French, Greek, 
Latin, and Old English 
words, and should there- 
fore be used in place of 
the separate letters oe. 
The separate letters 
should be restricted to 
works for students of the 
,^ classics. 

()e (Dan., Sw.), old form 
for island, use O. 

CEcist*, the founder of a 
Gr. colony, not oek-, oik-. 

CBCology*, the science 
deahngwith the relations 
of organisms to their sur- 
roundings, not oek-. 

CECumenic/*, -al*, notec-. 

O.E.D., the *' Oxford 
English Dictionary," not 
N.E.D. (the New ditto). 

oedema/ *, a swelling ; 
-tous, not ed-. 

(Edipus *,theTheban hero, 
not Edi-, Oedi-. 

Oehlenschlager(Adain) , 
1 777-1850, Dan. writer. 

a?//(Fr. m.), eyc,pl.yeux; 
oeil'de-bceuf*, a small 
round window, pi. WilS' 

; oeil-de-perdrix, 

a soft corn,/*/, ceils . 

o*er* (typ.), to be close up. 

Oersted (H. C), 1777- 
1851, physicist. 

CESophag/us*, the gullet; 
pi. -i; -eal, not e- (not 

Oesterley (Rev. W. 
O. E.), 1866-, writer. 

Oesterreich (Ger.), Aus- 
tria, use Os-. 

ceuf (Fr. m.), egg; asufs h 

la coque, boiled eggs ; 
eggs ; — k rindienne, 

curried eggs. 

oeuvres (Fr. f.), works. 

O.P., Odd Fellows, Old 
French, (typ.) old-face 

off., official, officinal. 

Offa's Dyke, between Eng. 
and Wales (apos.). 

off-cast*, cast oflf (hyphen). 

offcut* (typ.), a piece cut 
off a sheet to reduce it to 
the proper size ; also a 
part cut off for separate 
folding (one word^. 

Offenbach (Jacques), 
1819-80, composer. 

offence*, not -se. 

offer/*, -ed*, -ing*, -tory*. 

offg., officiating. 

off-hand/ *,-ed* (hyphen). 

official/, abbr. off., or 
offic. ; — envelopes, 
8^/4 X 3^/4 in-, to take 
foolscap folded in four. 

officialize *, not -ise. 

officiating, abbr. offg. 

officiaa* (Lat.), a work- 
shop {see also oficina). 

officinal, abbr. off. 

offprint* (typ.), a separ- 
ately printed copy, or 
small edition, ofan article, 
which originally appeared 
as part of a larger pub- 

offset* (typ.), the transfer 
of ink from its proper 

offshoot* (one word). 

off-shore*, adj. (hyphen). 

offside (football) (one 

oficina* (Sp.), a S. Amer. 
factory [see also Off-). 

O.P.M., Order of Friars 

oft-times*, hyphen. 

O.G., ogee, a moulding, not 
OG. ; Outside Guard ; 
Olympian games. 

O.Gael., Old Gaelic 



ogee/*, a moulding ; abbr. 
O.G. ; -d*. 

Ogg (Sir W. A.), 1823-. 

ogham*, ancient alphabet, 
not ogam, -um, -hum. 

O'Grady (The) (cap. T). 

ogre/*,/>/. -3,/em. -ss*,^/. 
-sses ; -ish, not -rish. 

Oh!* (interjection), use O! 
except when it is detached 
from what follows, or is a 
cry of pain, etc. (O.E.D.). 

O.H.B.M.S., On His, or 
Her, Britannic Majesty's 

OHG., Old High German. 

Ohio, U.S.A., off. abbr. O. 

Ohm (G. S.), 1787-1854, 

ohm.* (elec), unit of resist- 
ance ; legal — , symbol 


O.H.M.S., On His, or 
Her, Majesty's Service. 

Ohnet (Georges), 1848-, 
Fr. writer. ' 

oho ! * exclamation of sur- 
prise, not O ho, Oh ho, etc. 

ohone*, Gael, and Ir. cry 
of lamentation, not och-. 

O.H.S., Oxford Historical 

oidium *, a fungus, not 0I-. 

o/e (Fr. f.), goose. 

olgnon (Fr. m.), onion. 

oikist, use cecist*. 

oil/cake*, -cloth* (one 

oil/-Golour, — -paint- 
ing* (hyphens). 

oil/skin*, -stone* (one 

Oipolloi (Gr.), the people, 
use bo J — . 

O.Ir., Old Irish. 

Olson (Fr. m.), gosling. 

oka* (Egypt., Turk.), about 
2^/4 lb., also '/g of a quart. 

okapi, giraffe-zebra-Iike 

O'Kelly (The) (cap. T). 

Oken(Iiorenz), 1 779-1851, 

Oklahoma Territory, 

U.S.A. ; abbr. Okla. 

Oktav (Ger. n.), octavo 
(cap. ) ; breites — , crown 

O.Ii., Officer of (the Order 
of) Leopold, Old Latin. 

01., Olympiad. 

Olaf (St.), patron of Nor- 

Olcott (Col. H. S.), 1830-, 

old/, abbr. O. ; clothes- 
man*, — -clothes- 
shop* (hyphens). 

Old - English type, 

i)lac!i letter as t|is ; 

abbr. O.E. 

old-face type, earliest form 
of roman type of fifteenth 
century, as this ; abbr. O.F, 

old-fashioned * (hyphen). 

Old Man of the Sea, in 
"Arab. Nights" (caps.). 

Old Meldrum, Aberdeen. 

Old Red Sandstone 
(geol.) (caps.). 

old-style type, that made 
in imitation of the roman 
letters used before 1800, as 
this, caps. A.B.C. etc. ; 
generally called "revived 
old style"; abbr. O.S. 

Oldswinford, Worcs. (one 

Old Testament, abbr. 
O.T., or Old Test. ; for 
abbr.ofbooks,5^^ each title. 

oleiferous*, oil-producing, 
not olif-. 

oleography*, a method of 

oleomargarine* (one 
word), pron, g as in go ; 
abbr. oleo*. 

OLG., Old Low German. 

Olifant River, S. Afr. 

Oligocene* (geol.) (cap., 
not ital.). 

Oliphant (Laurence), 
1829-88, writer and 
mystic ; — (Mrs.), 1828- 
97, writer (see also Olli-). 



olive/-branch*, — -oil* 

Olivetan*, an order of 

monks, not -ian. 
ollapodrida*,Sp. national 

dish, also a medley (not 

Ollivant (Sir E. C. K.), 

1846-, Ind. Civil Servant 

(see also Oliphant). 
011ivier(0.E.), 1825-, Fr. 

statesman and writer. 
Olney (Kichard), 1843-, 

Amer. statesman. 
Olympiad, abbr. Ol. 
O.M., (Member of the) Order 

of Merit. 
o.m., old measurement, 
omadhami*, Irish term of 

contempt, not the many 

Omagh, Co. Tyrone. 
Omar Khayyd,m, 1050?- 

1122, Pers. poet. 
Omdurman, Sudan. 
omelet*, in Fr. f. ome- 
lette; omelette souf- 

flSe, a puff omelet. 
omicron, the Gr. o, not 

omissions (typ.), to be 

indicated by three points, 

not asterisks, separated by 

em quads (see also delea- 

tur, ellipsis), 
omit/*, -ted*, -ting*. 
Om mani padme bum, 

Buddhist invocation, 
omnibus/*, pi. -es; abbr. 

bus*, not 'bus, pi. buses, 
omnium gatherum*, a 

confused medley (no 

hyphen, not ital.). 
O.M.T., Old Merchant 

Taylors (School or pupil). 
O.M. v., Master of Obstet- 
rics, Vienna. 
O.N"., Old Norse. 
on-coming* (hyphen). 
onj dit* (Fr. m. s. and pi.), 

one (a, not an). 
one-and-tw^enty*, etc. 


one-eighth {see frac- 

Oneida, socialistic commu- 

one-ideaed* (hjrphen). 

oneirocritic*, an inter- 
preter of dreams, not 

oneness* (a, not an) 
(one word). 

oneself*, not one's self 
(one word). 

one-sided* (hyphen). 

O.N.F., Old Norman- 

onlook/*, -er*, -ing* (one 

on ne passe pas (Fr.), no 

onomasticon* (Gr.), a 
vocabulary of proper 

onom atopoe/ia * . -ial *, 
-ian*, -ic*, ' -ical*, 
-ically*, word formation 
by imitation of sound ; 
abbr. onomat. 

onomatopo/esis*, -etic*, 
-etically*, not -poiesis. 

onrush (one word). 

onset/*, -ter*, -ting*. 

on snore* (naut.) (two 
words, hyphen as adj.). 

onside (football) (one 

Ont., Ontario, Upper 

ontologize *, not -ise. 

onus*, burden (hot ital.). 

onus proband! (Lat.), 
burden of proof (ital.). 

%, per cent, -age. 

Oodeypore, India, use 

oof*, money. 

oolong*, a tea, not 


oomiak*, Eskimo boat, not 
the many variations. 

oopak*, a tea, not -ack. 

Ootacamund, Madras, use 
Utak- ; colloq. abbr. 

oozy *, muddy, not -ey. 



O.P., Old Playgoers (Club), 
Old Prices, Ordinis Prxdi- 
catorutn (of the Order of 
Preachers, or Domini- 

O.p.*, overproof; (theat.) 
opposite the prompter's 
side, or the actors right ; 
(typ.) out of print. 

op. (Lat.), opus (work), 
opera (works). 

opalize*, «o^-ise. 

op. cit., opere citato (in the 
work quoted) (not ital.). 

open/-hearted*, -mouth- 
ed* (hyphens). 

Open Sesame* (caps., 
two words). 

open-work/ *, -ed *, -ing * 

Opera butfa* (It.), comic 
opera ; in Fr. OpSra 

Op6ra-Comique, Paris 
theatre (hyphen). 

opera-glass* (hyphen). 

opercid/um* (biol.), a 
cover; pi, -a* (not 

Opere] citato (Lat.), in the 
work quoted, abbr. O.C, 
or op. cit. ; — in medio, 
in the midst of the work. 

ophicleide*, not -eid. 

ophiology*, study of ser- 
pents, not ophid-. 

ophthalmic*, of the eye. 

Opie (Amelia) , 1 769-1 853, 
writer; — (John), 1761- 
1807, painter. 

O.p.n., ora pro nobis (pray 
for us). 

opodeldoc*, a liniment. 

opopanax*, a perfume. 

opp., opposed, opposite. 

oppressor*, not -&t, 

opt., optative, optical, op- 
tician, optics. 

optime* (Camb.), one 
next in merit to wranglers 
(not ital.) ; pron. Op'ti- 
mS, abbr. op. 

optimize*, to make the 
best of, not -ise. 

Opus]* (Lat.), a work, pi. 
Opera*, abbr. op,*-, — 

magnum*, a great work, 
pi. Opera magna, 

opasculjum* (Lat.),asmall 
work, an essay ; pi. -a*. 

opus number* (mus.), the 
one by which a work is 
known (two words). 

Opus operatum (Lat.), a 
thing done. 

or, two or more singular 
subjects joined by or take 
the verb in the singular 
number, as : John or 
William is going. In such 
phrases as "black, white, 
or green," or to be pre- 
ceded by comma (see also 
«*and" or", and"). 

or* (her.), gold or yellow. 

«*or** ", or" follows same 
rule as "and" or 
" , and " (which see), 

ora, see OS, 

ora e sempre (It.), now 
and always. 

orangeade *, not -gade. 

Orange/ism* (Ir.), not 
-gisra ; -man* (one word, 

orang/-outang*, more 
correctly — -utan*, not 

Oranmore and Browne 

ora pro nobis (Lat.), pray 
for us ; abbr. o.p.n, 

orat., orator, -ical, -ically. 

oratorios (titles of) 
(typ.), when cited, to be 
roman double-quoted. 

O.R.C., Order of the Red 
Cross, Orange River 

ore*, a dolphin, not ork. 

Orcadian, of Orkney. 

ord., ordained, order, or- 
dinal,ordinance, ordinary. 

Order, abbr. O. ; when re- 
ferring to a society, to be 
cap., as the Order of 
273 18 


order/, abbr. ord. ; — 

-book * (hyphen). 
orders (bot. and zool.)j 

caps, but not itahc. 
ordin/al, -ance, -ary, 

abbr. ord. 
Ordn.. Ordnance. 
ordre du jour (Fr. m.), 

agenda of a meeting. 
Ore., Oregon, U.S.A. (oflF. 

ore*, coin of Den., Sw.,and 

0*Rell (Max), 1848-1903, 

pen-name of Paul Blouet. 
oreo/graphy, -logy, use 

Orel rotundo (Lat.), well- 
turned, imposing speech ; 

— tenus, from the lips 

and not the heart. 
ore -weed*, notour-. 
orfevrerle* (Fr. f.), gold- 
smiths' work, 
orfray, use orphrey*. 
org., organ, -ic, -ism, -ized. 

-i, -y ; in Fr. m. organdi. 
organize*, etc., *tot -ise. 
organon *, a system of rules. 
orge (Fr. f.), barley. 
orgeat* (Fr. m.), barley- 
org/y *, not -ie ; pi. -ies *. 
Oriental/*, -ist* (cap.); 

abbr. Or., or Orient, 
orientalize*, not -ise (not 

oriflamme *, banner, not 

orig., origin, -al, -ally, -ate, 

Origen, 185-253, a Father 

of the Church. 
original (Sp. typ.), copy. 
** Origin of Species," by 

C. Darwin, 1859. 
orinasal*, of the mouth and 

nose, not oro-. 
Orinoco, river, S. Amer. 

(see also oro-). 
Orl6ans (House of) (6). 
Ormes Head, Carnarvon 

(no apos.). 

ormolu*, a gold-coloured 
alloy (not ital.). 

Ormonde ( Marquess o/). 

Ormuzd, the Zoroastrian 
spirit of Good, not the 
many variations. 

ornjS* (Fr.), /em. -£e, 

ornith., ornithology, -ical. 

ornithorhynchus*, the 
duck-billed platypus. 

oro/graphy*, -logy*, 
mountain description and 
science, not oreo-. 

oronoco*, a tobacco, not 
-ooko (not ital.) {see also 

Orotava, Canary Isles, 
not Ora-. 

orotund*, magniloquent. 

orphrey*, an ornamental 
border, not orfray. 

orris-root* (hyphen). 

Or San Michele, church 
at Florence, «o^ — Saint — . 

orthoepy*, word pronun- 

orthopaBdic*, «o/-edic. 

ortolan*, an edible bird 
(not ital.). 

Orvieto*, It. white wine. 

O.S., Old Saxon, — school, 
— series, — side, — style 
(before 1752), — stj'Ie 
type, ordinary seaman, 
(paper) "outsides." 

Os *, osmium. 

O.S., only son. 

OS * (Lat.), a bone ipl.ossa*. 

OS * (Lat.), a mouth ;pl.ora*. 

O.S.A., Order of St. Augus- 

Osaka, Japan, not Oz-. 

O.S.B.*, Order of St. Bene- 

Osbom (Sir A. K. B.), 
1870- ; — (Sherard), 
1822-75, Arctic traveller. 

Osborne, family name of 
Dukes of Leeds ; — (Sir 
Francis), 1856-. 

Osbourne (Lloyd), 1 868-, 
writer (stepson of R. L. 



Oseott College (R.C), 

oscillatory*, not -ery. 
osculjum * (Lat.) , a kiss, pi. 
-a*; osculutn pacis*f 
the kiss of peace. 
O.S.F., Order of St. Fran- 
O.Sl., Old Slavonic. 
Osmanli*, of the fam. of 
Osman, not -lee, -lie, -ly 
(not ital.). 
osmium*, symbol Os*. 
Osmund*, a fern, also an 

iron (not ital.). 
O.S.N.C, Orient Steam 

Navigation Company. 
OSSa, see OS. 
ossein*, bone-cartilage, ttoi 

Ossett, Yorks, not Oset, 

Ossory, Perns, and 
Leighlin (Bishop of). 
O.S.t.(naut.),ordinary spring 

Ost (Ger. m.), east (cap.) ; 

abbr. O. 
ostensibl/e*, -y*. 
OSterJa * (It), an inn. 
bsterreich(Ger.), Austria, 
not Oe- ; osterreicb- 
iscbe Wabrung, Aus. 
currency, abbr. 6. W, 
(this much used). 
Ostiaks, ofW. Siberia, not 

ostiole*, a small opening, 

not -eole. 
ostler*, a groom, noth-. 
ostracize*, etc., not 

ostreiculture*, oyster 
culture, Mo^ostra-, ostrea-, 
ostreo-, ostri-. 
Oswaldtwistle, Lanes, 

not -sle. 
O.T.*, Old Testament. 
Otaheite, now Tahiti. 
O.Teut., Old Teutonic, 
otherworld/liness*, -ly* 

(one word). 
OtiumI* (Lat.), leisure : — 
cum dignliate*, leisure 

with dignity; Otiumsine 
dignitatCf leisure with- 
out — . 

O.T.M. (paper), Old Turkey 

otolith*, not -lite (not ital.). 

OiOtoi* (Gr.), alas! not 
otototoi, ottotoi. 

Ottawa, Canada, not Otto-. 

Otterspool, Lanes (one 

Ottoman/*, a Turk ; pi. -a 

ottoman/*, a sofa, a fabric; 
pi. -s (not cap.). 

otto of roses, use attar 

Otway (Thomas), 1652- 
85, dramatist. 

O.TJ., Oxford University ; 
O.U.A., Order of United 
Americans ; O.IT.A.C., 
OxfordUniversity Athletic 
Club ; O.U.A.F.C., ditto 
Association Football — ; 
O.IT.A.M., Order of 
United American Mech- 

ouananiche *, the Labrador 
salmon ; pron. wa'nan-ish. 

O.U.B.C, Oxford Univer- 
sity Boat Club. 

oubliette* (Fr. f.), a dun- 

O.TJ.C.C., Oxford Univ. 
Cricket Club. 

Gudenarde (battle of), 

Gudh, India, not Oude. 

O.U.D.S., Oxford Univ. 
Dramatic Society. 

OUest (Yr.m.), west; abbr.O. 

O.U.G.C, Oxford Univ. 
Golf Club. 

OUght,a cipher,nothing,«s« 
naught* (see also au-). 

G.U.H.C., Oxford Univ. 
Hockey Club. 

Guida, pen-name of Louise 
de la Ramee. 

oui'-dire (Fr. m. s. and pL), 

G.U.Ii.C., Oxford Univ. 
Lacrosse Club. 

375 18 * 


Ouless (W. W.), 1848-, 

O.U.L.T.C, Oxford Univ. 
Lawn Tennis Club. 

ounce/, -8, abbr. oz.*, sign ^; 
437V3 grains avoirdupois, 
480 gr. troy. 

ourang-outang, t4se or- 

ours* (no apos.). 

O.U.R.TJ.P.C., Ox. Univ. 
Rugby Union Football 
Club; O.U.S.C., ditto 
Swimming — . 

ousel, use OUZ-*. 

out * (typ.), an accidental 
omission of copy in com- 

out-and-out* (hyphens). 

out/board*; -come*; 
-door*; -fit/*, -ted, 
-ter*, -ting*; -general*; 
-gro'w/j-th.* (one word). 

out-Herod* (hyphen, 

outhouse* (one word). 

outl/ie*, -ier*, -ying*. 

outmanoeuvre* (one 

out/-of-date (adj.) (hy- 
phens) ; — of print, abbr. 
o.p. ; — of sorts (typ.), 
when any letter in a fount 
is all used. 

out-patient*- (hyphen). 

outrance* (k) (Fr.), to the 
bitter end, not a 1'-. 

oatrji* (Fr.), /em. -ie, 

outsides* (paper), the top 
and bottom or imperfect 

outstanding* (one word). 

outstrip/*, -ped, -ping. 

outv/ie*, -ier*, -ying* 
(one word). 

outward-bound* (adj.) 

outwit/*, -ted* -ting*. 

OUvertl{Fr.),/ent. -e,open. 

ouvrijer (Fr.), a workman; 
/ent. 'dre. 

ouzel*, a bird, not ous-. 

over/alls*, -board* (one 

overburden*, not -then, 


overcast (naut), abbr. O. 

overcharge, abbr. o/c. 

Over Darwen, Lanes. 

over-glad* (hyphen). 

over/land*, -mantel*, 
-mantle, -rate*, 

-reach*, -ride*, -rule* 
(one word). 

overrun* (typ.), to turn 
over words from one line 
to the next, for several or 
many lines. 

overseer (typ.), abbr. O. 

Overtoun (Baron), not 
-own ; pron. -tun. 

OVOl/o*,a moulding;/"/, -i*. 

ov/um*, an egg;/)/, -a* (not 

O. W, (Ger.), osttrreichische 
Wdhrung (Austrian cur- 
rency), a much-used abbr. 

Owens College, Man- 
chester (no apos.). 

owner, abbr. O. 

Ox., Oxford. 

«« Oxford Almanack,*' 
not ac. 

"Oxford English Dic- 
tionary (The),** abbr. 
O.E.D., not H.E.D., 

Oxfordshire, abbr. Oxon. 

oxide*, «o/-id, -yd, -yde. 

oxidize*, etc., not -ise, 

Oxon, Oxfordshire, Oxonia 
(Oxford), Oxoniensis (of 
Oxford) (no point). 

Oxon., signature of Bp. of 
Oxford (full point). 

oxychloride*, not oxi-. 

oxygen/*, symbol O*; 
-ize *, not -ise. 

oyer and terminer * (law). 

oyezi* hear ye 1 not oyes; 
pron. o'yez. 

oz.*, ounce, -s. 







P., pastor, post, prince, the 
fifteenth in a series, 
proper names with this 
initial, (Fr.) Pere (Father), 
(Lat.) Papa (Pope), Pater 
(Father), pontifex (a 
bishop), populus (people), 
proconsul, (mech.) pres- 

P*, phosphorus, (chess) 
pawn (no point). 

p., page (this should not 
end a line), participle, 
past, perch, pipe, pole, 
(Fr.) passe (past), pied 
(foot), pouce (inch), pour 
(for), (ichth.) pectoral, 
{Lat.) partitn (in part), per 
(by, for), pius (holy), pon- 
dere (by weight), post 
(after), prinius (first), 
pro (for), (naut.) passing 

p (It. mus.),^/a«o (softly). 

p., poco (little). 

^, per (by, for). 

% (typ.), the reversed or 
blind P, the paragraph 
mark, used to denote the 
commencement of a new 
paragraph ; also sixth re- 
ference mark for foot- 
notes in math, works. 

n (Gr.), see pi. 

P.A.*, Post Adjutant. 

Pa.*, Pennsylvania (off. 

p.a., par amitie' (hy favour), 
per annum (yearly). 

pabulum*, food (not ital.). 

p.a.C. (mil.), Passed Ad- 
vanced Class (at Ord- 
nance College), not 
Passed Artillery College. 

pacej (Lat.), with the con- 
sent of; — tua, with 
your consent. 

pacha, use pasha*. 

pacha (Fr. m.), pasha. 

pachymeter *, measuring 
instrument, not pacho-. 

package/, -s, abbr. pkg. 

packet/, -ed, -ing. 

packthread* (one word). 

pad*, sheets of paper fast- 
ened at one or more edges, 
and removable singly. 

padding *, increase of 
printed matter, without 
enhancing value. 

Paderewski (I. J.), i860-, 
pianist; pron. -evski. 

padishah*, Pers. title, not 

padlock* (one word). 

padre* (It., Port., Sp.), 
father, applied also to a 

padtvnje* (It.), a master, 
employer ; pi. -/. 

p. SB., partes sequales (equal 

psBan*, a song of triumph. 

psedagogy, use pe-*. 

paedeutics *, science of 
education, not pai-. 

Peedobaptists*, not Pe-. 

paBnology, use pe-*. 

pcBon*, Greek prosody. 

paeony, use peony*. 

Paganini (Nicolo), 1784- 
1840, violinist. 

paganize*, not -ise. 

page*, (typ.) type, or 
type and cuts, properly 
arranged for printing on 
one side of a book leaf; 
not to be confused with 
leaf or leaves ; each leaf, 
being printed on both 
sides, consists of two 
pages. A single page 
(chapter endings, etc.) 
should not contain less 
than five lines. Abbr. p., 
pi. pp.; even — , one 



bearing a number divi- 
sible by two ; odd page, 
one bearing a number 
not divisible by two ; — 
proof, one made up into 
pages ; "White — , a blank 
page {see also pagina- 

page (Fr. m.), a page-boy ; 
(f.) page of a book. 

paginate*, to mark with 
consecutive numbers. 

pagination*, the paging 
of a book, also the act 
of paging ; (typ.) all 
page numbers should be 
at the outside of the head 
margin, as this position 
facilitates reference when 
rapidly turning over the 
leaves : when there are 
headlines, they are 
usually put in the cen- 
tre of the tail margin. 
The late Sir Leslie 
Stephen wrote to me 
that he considered all 
pages (even the first of a 
chapter) should be num- 
bered : a plan to be re- 
commended as facilitating 
reference ; quotation 
of — , to be 322-4, not 
322-34 {see also pre- 
liminary matter). 

pag/ing*, -inal*. 

Pahlanpur, India, use 

paid, abbr. pd. 

paideutics, use pssd-*. 

paijamas, use py-*. 

paillasse* (Fr. m.), a 
clown ; (f.) a straw-mat- 
tress, in Eng. palliasse. 

paillesj (Fr. cook, f.), 
straws ; — depattnesatt, 

Pain (Barry), writer 
{see also Payii/, -e). 

pain (Fr. m.), bread. 

Paine (Thomas), 1737- 
1809, author "The Rights 
of Man" {see also Payn/, 

painim,a pagan, «5*pay-*. 
paint., painting, 
paintings (titles of), 

when cited, to be roman 

pair/, -s, abbr. pr. 
pais (trial per)*, trial by 

pajamas, Amer. form of 


Paket setzen (Ger. tj^p.), 
to compose in slips. 

Pal., Palestine. 

paleBO-*, prefix, «o/paleo-. 

palaeography *, abbr. 

palaeontology*, abbr. pa- 
laeont. ; (typ.) genera, 
species, and varieties to 
be italic, other divisions 
roman {see also botany). 

palaeozoic *, not pale-. 

palasstra* (Gr.), a wrest- 
ling school, not pale-. 

palals (Fr. m.), palace, 

palankeen*, not -quin. 

Palanpur, Ind., notPahl-. 

palan/quin, use -keen*. 

palazzjo (It.), a palace; 
pi. -/. 

pal/e*, -ish*. 

paleo-,prefix, ws^palaeo-*. 

Palestine, abbr. Pal. 

paletot*, an overcoat (no 
accent, not ital.). 

palette*, for colour-mixing 
(see also pallet). 

palladium*, symbol Pd*. 

pallet* (horol. and organ 
building) {seealso palette). 

palliasse, a straw -mat- 
tress; in Fr.f. paillasse, 

palliat/e*, -or*. 

palm-oil* (hyphen). 

Palm Sunday*, one before 
Easter (two words, caps.). 

pam., pamphlet. 

Pamir, Cent. Asia, not -irs. 

pampas-grass* (hyphen). 

pamphlet * (typ.), any 
work not exceeding five 
sheets, usually in paper 
covers ; abbr. pam. 



Pan., Panama, 
panacea*, a cure-all (not 

panais (Fr. m.), parsnip. 
Pan/- African*, — -A- 
merican*, — -Angli- 
can* (hyphen, caps.). 
Pandean pipes *, not 

-sean (cap.). 
pandemonium*, not pan- 

pandit, «s*pun-*. 
P. & O.*, Peninsular and 
Oriental Steam Naviga- 
tion Company, 
panegyrize *, not -ise. 
panel/*, -led*, -ling*, not 

-ell, pann-. 
paner (Fr. cook.), to dress 
with eggs and bread- 
Panliellen/ic *, -ism * 

(one word, cap.). 
Panislam* (one word). 
Panizzi (Sir Antonio), 

1 797-1879, librarian. 
Panjab, use Punjab, 
panjandrum*, a mock 

pannel, use panel*, 
pannikin*, not -can, pana- 

kin, -ikin. 
Pan-pipe*, not Pan's — 

(cap., hyphen). 
pans (French dressmaking, 
m. plural), long floating 
ends of ribbon, also coat- 
Panslavic *, not Panscl-. 
pantagraph, use pan- 
Pantheon *, Rome. 
Pantli6on, Paris (6). 
pantograph*, a mechani- 
cal drawing machine, not 
panta-, penta-. 
pantoufle (Fr. f.), a 
slipper; in English pan- 
paon] (Fr.), peacock ; fent. 

Papa* (Lat.), Pope; abbr. 

papal/*, -ly*. 

paper (approximate 

sizes of unfolded 


crown, 20 X 15 in. 

demy, 221/2 x 17V2 

double crown, 30 x 20 

— demy, 35 x 22^/2 

— foolscap, 27 X 17 

— post, 31V2 X i9Va 

— royal, 40 x 25 
imperial, 30 x 22 
medium, 23^/2 x 18*/, 
post, 19V4X15V3 
royal, 25 x 20 
super-royal, 27^/3 x 20^/2 
drawing and writing . 

ditto — 
antiquarian, 53x31 in. 
atlas, 34 X 26 
Columbier, 34^/2 x 23^2 
copy, or draft, 20 x 16 
demy, 20 x 15V2 
dble. elephant, 40x26^2 
elephant, 28 x 23 
emperor, 7a x 48 
foolscap, 17 X i37a 
imperial, 30 x 22 
medium, 22 x 17V2 
post (large), 21 x i6^/j 
— (small), 19 X 15V4 
pott, 15 X 1272 
royal, 24 x 19 
super-royal, 27 x 19 
(See also demy, double, 
medium, folio, fools- 
cap, imperial.) 

papetfler (Fr.), fent. -ibrCj 
a stationer. 

Papier (Ger. n.), paper 

papier (Fr. m.), paper (not 

papier ma,ch6* (two 
words, not ital.). 

papoose*, N. Amer. infant, 
not papp-. 



Pappband (Ger. typ. n.), 

boards ; abbr. Ppb, (cap.). 
Pappe (Ger. f.), cardboard 

papyr/us*, pi. -i*. 
par *, of exchange, etc. (no 

par., paragraph, parallel, 

parenthesis, parish. 
par* (Fr.), by, out of. 
Para., Paraguay. 
Parable of the Ten 

Virgins (caps.). 
pari accds (Fr.), by fits 

and starts ; — accident, 

accidentally ; — accord, 

by agreement. 
paradisaical*, not -iacal. 
paraffin*, not -ine. 

paragon* type, 3,S 

37^ lines to 
the inch. 

paragraph*, the matter 
between one break-line 
and the next ; (typ. ) 
in conversation, one for 
each fresh speaker or 
interruption. First line 
in 8vo, under twenty ems 
pica wide, usually in- 
dented one em, above 
this width one and a half, 
or in wide-leaded matter 
two ems. In 4to, usually 
two ems. Last line should 
have more than four let- 
ters. When numbered 
I, 2, clauses (i), (2). 
Abbr. par.,/*/, pars., sign 
^, or [ {see also proof 
correction marks). 

paragraph mark (H) 
(typ.), used to show 
where a new paragraph is 
to begin ; also sixth refer- 
ence mark for foot-notes 
in math, works. 

Paraguay *, pron. par'a- 
gwl ; abbr. Para. 

parait pas {it n*y) (Fr.), 
there is no appearance 
of it. 

paraitptus {it n*y) (Fr.), 
there remains no trace 
of it. 

parakeet*, not paraquet, 
-oquet, -okeet, parroquet, 

paralipsis* (rhet.), not 
-leipsis, -lepsis, -y. 

parallel/*, abbr. par. ; 
-ed*, -ing*. 

paralidie (Fr. f.), parallel 
geom. lines ; a fortifica- 
tion ; in all other senses 

parallelepiped/*, -on*, 
not -ipiped, -opiped. 

parallel mark (l|) (typ.), 
fifth reference mark for 
foot-notes in math, works. 

paralogize*, to reason 
falsely, not -ise. 

paralyse*, «o/-ise, -ize. 

Paramatta, use Parra-. 

Paramecinm* (zool.), not 
-aecium, -oecium. 

par amitiS (Fr.), by fa- 
vour ; abbr. p. a. 

paraph*, the flourish at 
the end of a signature. 

paraphernalia*, is pi. 

paraquet, ms« parakeet*. 

par avance (Fr.), in 

parbleul* (Fr. colloq.), 
an exclamation of sur- 

parcel/*, -led*, -ling*. 

parcel post*, not par- 
cels — . 

parcimony, ws^parsi-*. 

pari ci, par Ik (Fr.), here 
and there; — complai- 
sance*, out of politeness; 
— dSpit, out of spite. 

parenthes/is*, pi. -es*, 
abbr. parens. ; in Fr. f. 
parenthtse, in Ger. f. 
Parentbese, the up- 
right curves ( ) (see also 
punctuation, XX). 



parenthesize*, to insert 
as a parenthesis, twt -ise. 

parerg/on*, a subsidiary 
work; pi. -a* (not ital.). 

parjexemple * (Fr.), for in- 
stance,abbr.p.e-Y. ; — ex- 
cellence *, pre-eminent- 
ly ; —exprhs, by express ; 

— favear, by favour ; 

— force *f by superior 

pargana (Ind.), a parish, 
use pergunnab *. 

par basard (Fr.), by 
chance, not — haz-. 

pari mutuel* (Fr.), a 
method of betting. 

pari passu (Lat.), at the 
same rate or time. 

paris green (not cap.). 

parish/, abbr. par. ; — 
priest, abbr. P.P.* 

Parisian, of Paris (cap.) ; 
Parlslenne (Fr. f.), a 
woman of Paris (cap.). 

park, abbr. pk. 

Park (Mungo), 1771- 
1806, Afr. traveller. 

Parkes (Sir Harry S.), 
1828-85, diplomatist in 
China and Japan ; — (Sir 
Henry), 1815-96, Aus- 
tralian statesman. 

Park Gate, Hants (two 

Antrim (one word). 

Pari., parliamentary. 

Parliament/ (cap.), abbr. 
Pari. ; — House, Edin., 
the Sc. Law Courts (see 
also Assemblies). 

parlour*, not -or. 

Parmesan*,a cheese made 
at Parma. 

parochialize*, mo/ -ise. 

parokeet, ms« parakeet*. 

parol* (law), oral, not 
written, not -le. 

parole*(mil.), a watchword. 

parole (Fr. f.), promise. 

paroquet, ms« parakeet*. 


par parentbdse (Fr.), by 

the way ; par pricau- 

iion, as a precaution. 

parquetry*, inlaid flooring; 
in Fr. f. parqueterie. 

"Parr, St. Helens, Lanes. 

Parr (««01d"), 1483- 
1635, aged 152. 

parr*, a young salmon^ not 

parrakeet, use para- 

Parramatta, N.S.W., not 
-mata. Para-. 

Parratt (Sir Walter), 
1841-, Mus.Doc. 

Parrish*s chemical food. 

parroquet, use para- 

pars., paragraphs. 

Parsee/*, noi-i ; pi. -s. 

"Parsifal," by Wagner, 

parsimony*, not parci-. 

parsnip* (bot.), not -ep. 

Parsonstown, King's 
County (one word). 

part, abbr. pt. 

part., participle. 

parterre *, a flower-bed, or 
garden (not ital.). 

partes asquales (Lat.), 
equal parts ; abbr. p. aB. 

Parthenon, temple at 

Parthian* arrow, or 
shaft (cap.). 

parti* (Fr. m.), party (fac- 
tion), match (marriage), 
resolution (good or bad). 

particepsj (Lat.), an ac- 
complice ; — criminis, 
a participator in crime. 

participator*, not-er. 

participle, abbr. p., or 

parti - coloured*, not 

particularize*, not -ise. 

particuiier (Fr. m.), a 
private citizen. 

partiej* (Fr. f.), part; — 
Carrie *, a party of four. 

partial (Lat.), in part; 
abbr. p. 



parti pris (Fr.m.), foregone 

conclusion, prejudice ; 

de , deliberately. 

partisan*, not -zan. 
partout (Fn), everywhere, 
part-song* (hyphen). 
party (Conservative, Lib- 
eral, etc.) (not cap.). 
party - coloured, use 

parure* (Fr. f.), a set of 

parvenu/*,^w. -e*,pl. -s, 

an upstart (not ital.). 
par vole telSgrapblque 

(Fr.), by telegraph; abbr. 

Pas-de- Calais, ddp. N. 

Fr. (hyphens). 
pas del deux* (Fr. m.), 

dance for two ; 

quatre, ditto four; 

trois, ditto three. 
Pas de zelel (Fr.), Don't 

be too zealous I 
pasha* (Turk.), a title 
• placed o/fer the name, not 

'cha, -shaw, bashaw ; in 

Fi". m. pacha. 
« Pasha of Many Tales," 

by Marryat, 1836. 
Pasha of three tails, the 

highest rank ; then two 

— , then one tail. 
Pas possible! (Fr.), You 

don't say so 1 
pass., passive, 
passable*, may be passed 

(s^^a/50 passi-). 
passjS* (Fr.), /em. -ie, 

past, faded ; abbr. p. 
passementerie* (Fr. f.), 

embroidery, «o/passi-. 
passe-partout* (Fr. m.), a 

master-key, also permit. 
pas seui* (Fr. m.), dance 

for one person, 
passible*, susceptible (see 

also passa-). 
passim* (Lat.), here and 

Passion Week*, one be- 
fore Faster (two words, 


pass-key* (hyphen). 

password* (one word). 

past, abbr. p. 

pastel/*, -list* (art), not 
-elist {see also pastille). 

pastdque (Fr. f.), water- 

pasteurize*, to sterilize, 
not -ise. 

pastille*, confection, odor- 

pastor, abbr. P. 

pat/*, -ted, -ting*. 

Pata., Patagonia. 

patchouli*, not -ly. 

p&teHYr. cook, f.), paste; — 
d*italie, vermicelli, maca- 
roni ; — feuilletSe, puff 
paste; — frisSe, short 
paste {see also patie). 

pMtij* (Fr. m.), a pie ; — 
de toie gras *, goose- 
liver pie. 

paten*, Eucharist bread- 
plate, not -in, -ine. 

Patent Ofi5.ce, abbr. Pat. 

Pater* (Lat.), Father; abbr. 

paterfamilias *, father of 
a family ; pi. patres-. 

paternoster* (a) (one 

Paterson (A. H.), 1862-, 
writer; — ("Williani), 
1658-1719, founder of the 
Bank of England {see also 

path., pathology. 

Patiala, Punjab. 

patin/, -e, use paten*. 

patissjerie* (Fr. f.), pastry; 
-/er, fetn. 'ihre, pastry- 

patois (not ital.). 

Patresj {Lat), fathers,abbr. 
PP. ; — Conscriptiy 
Conscript Fathers, abbr. 

patria potestas (Rom. 
law), father's power over 
his family. 

patrol/*, -led*, -ling*. 

patronize*, «o/-ise. 



pattej* (Fr. dress, f.), a 

decorative strap ; — de 

collet, shoulder-strap. 
Patteson (J. C), 1827-71, 

martyr-bishop {see also 

Pattison (Mark), 1813- 

84, Rector of Line. Coll., 
' Oxford. 
pauca verba (Lat.), few 

Pauer (Ernst), 1826-, 

pianist ; pron. pow'r. 
Paul (Kegan), Trench, 

Triibner, & Co., Ltd., 

publishers, London, 
pauperize*, etc., «o/-ise. 
pavan*, a dance, «o/-ane, 

-en, -ian, -in. 
pavS* (Fr. m.), pavement, 
pavilion*, «o/pavill-. 
pavilion* (Fr. m.), flag, 

bell of a trumpet, etc. 
paviour*, one who lays 

pavements, not -er, -ier, 

pawl*, a detent, 
pawn (chess), abbr. P. 
pax vobiscum I (Lat.), 

peace be with you ! 
paxwax*, the neck carti- 
lages, not the many 

Payen-Payne (de Vin- 

oheles), 1866-, writer. 
paymaster,abbr. paymr., 

or P.M. (one word). 
Paymaster - General 

(caps., hyphen) ; abbr. 

payment, abbr. pt. 
Payn (James), 1830-98, 

writer (see a/50 Pain/, -e). 
Payne (Edward John), 

1844-, historian ; — (J. 

H.), 1792-1852, wrote 

" Home, Sweet Home." 
Payne - Gallwey (Sir 

Ralph "W.), 1848-, 

writer on sport, 
paynim *, a pagan, not pai-. 
Pays-Bas (Fr. m. pi.), the 

Netherlands (cap.., hy- 

P.B., Pharmacopoeia BritaU' 
nica (British Pharma- 
copcEia), Plymouth Breth- 
ren, Prayer Book, Primi- 
tive Baptists, (mil.) Pro- 
visional Battalion. 

"Ph* J plumbum (lead). 

P.Bor., Pharmacopoeia Bor- 
ussica (Prussian Pharma- 

P.O., Parish Council, -lor, 
Perpetual Curate, police- 
constable. Privy Council, 
-lor; p/c, petty cash, 
prices current; p.C, post 
card ; P.C.C., Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury ; 
P.C.M.O., Principal 

Colonial Medical OflScer ; 
P.C.P., Past Chief 
Patriarch ; P.C.R.S., 
Poor Clergy Relief 
Society; P.C.S. (Sc), 
Principal Clerk of Ses- 

P.D., a pepper adulterant. 
Pharmacopoeia Dub- 

linensis (Dublin Pharma- 
copoeia), Postal District 
(London), (elec.) poten- 
tial difference, printer's 
devil, (Ger.) Privatdozent 
(university teacher) ; 

Pd*, palladium; pd., 
paid ; p.d.a., pour dire 
adieu (to say good-bye) ; 
P.D.A.D.(law), Probate, 
Divorce, and Admiralty 
Division ; Pd.B. (Amer.), 
Bachelor of Pedagogy ; 
Pd.D., Doctor ditto ; 
Pd.M., Master ditto. 

P.E., Pharmacopoeia Edin- 
burgensis (Edinburgh 

Pharmacopoeia), Presiding 
Elder, Protestant Epis- 

peacemaker* (one word). 

pea/cock*, fem. -hen*; 
young, -chick * (one 

pea-green* (hyphen). 

Pearce (Sir "W. G.), 
1861- (see also Peirse). 



pearl * type, the smallest size 
but one regularly made, four and 
three-quarter point, fifteen lines to 
the inch, as this. 

Peary (R. E.), 1854-, 
Amer. Arctic explorer. 

pease-pudding *. 

peat-hag*, a peat pit. 

pebbl/e*, -y*. 

peccadillo/*,/"/, -es. 

peccary*, S. Amer. mam- 
mal, not -i. 

peccavji* (Lat.), I have 
erred ; pi. -imus. 

p6che (Fr. f.), fishery, -ing, 

pecbS (Fr. m.), a sin. 

pScber (Fr.), to fish. 

picher (Fr.), to sin. 

Pechdli, China (one word). 

peck/, -s, abbr. pk. 

pectoral (ichth.), abbr. p. 

peculat/e*, -or*. 

Ped. (mus.), pedal. 

pedagog/ue*, -y*, not pae-. 

pedal/*, -led, -Ling*. 

pedlar*, not -er, peddler. 

Pedobaptists, use Pae-*. 

Peeblesshire, abbr. Pee- 

peep-sho"w* (hyphen). 

peewit, use pewit *. 

Peggotty, in " David 

P.E.I., Prince Edward 

peignoir* (Fr. m.), a dress- 

Peirse (Sir H. M. de la 
P. B.), 1850- (see also 

Peking, China, not -kin; 
now often Pei-Ching. 

pekoe*, a black tea, not 
peckoe, pecco (not cap.). 

pell-mell*, confusedly ; in 
Fr. pSie-mSIe. 

Peloponnesus,the modern 

pemmican*, dried meat, 
not pemi-. 

pen., peninsula. 

penalize*, «o/-ise. 

Penang,off. for Prince of 
Wales Island. 

penchant*, bias (not ital.)^ 

pencil/*, -led*, -ling*. 

pendant *, anything hang- 

pendent* (adj.), suspended. 

pendente lite * (Lat.), 
during the suit. 

pendule (Fr. m.), pendu- 
lum ; (f.) clock. 

pendulum/*, pi. -s*. 

penetralia* (Lat.), secrets. 

pen-feather*, quill ditto, 
not pin-. 

penguin*, a bird, «o^pin-. 

Penicuik, Midlothian ; 
pron. pen-'y-cook. 

Peninsular/ Campaign, 
U.S.A., 1862 ; — War, 

Penit., penitentiary. 

Penmaenmawr, Carnar. 

pen-name* (hyphen). 

penn'orth* (colloq.), a 

Pennsylvania, offic. abbr. 
Pa., not Penn. 

penny*,/)/, pennies* when 
meaning the number of 
coins : pence *, their 
value ; abbr. s. and pi. d. 

penn/y*, -iless*. 

penny-a-liner* (hyphens). 

pennsrroyal* (one word). 

penny-weight*, 24 grains; 
abbr. s. and pi. dwt.* 

penology *, science of 
punishment, not pae-. 

Penrhyn, Carnarvon, also 
Baron — ; pron. pen'rin. 

Penryn, Cornwall. 

pensSe * (Fr. f.), thought, 
maxim, also pansy ; ar- 
rierel , a mental reser- 
vation, pi. pensies. 

pension! (Fr. f.), a board- 
ing-house, school ; en — , 
on boarding terms ; pen- 
sionnat (m.), a board- 

Pent., Pentecost. 

pentagraph, use panto-*. 

Pentateuch/*, -al* (cap.). 

Pentecost *, Whit-Sunday; 
abbr. Pent. 



Pentecostal* (not cap.). 

pentstemon* (bot), not 

penumbra/* (astr.), pi. -s. 

peon*, a servant {see also 
paean, paBon). 

peony *, not pae-. 

pepsin*, mo/ -ine. 

Pepys (Samuel), 1632- 
1703, wrote " Pepys's 
Diary" ; pron. peeps. 

per., period. 

.per* (Lat.), by, for; abbr. 
p., or^; peraccidens*j 
by accident ; per an- 
num *, yearly, abbr. 
p. a., or per ann. (not 
ital.) ; per capita, by the 
number of individuals. 

perceiv/e*, -able*, -er*. 

percentage* (one word). 

perl cento (It.), per cent ; 

— centum (Lat.), by the 
hundred, abbr. per cent 
(no point), or %. 

perceptible* not -able. 

Perceval (Sir W. B.), 
•1854- ; — (Spencer), 
1762-1812, statesman. 

perch*, abbr. p. 

perchance*, perhaps. 

percbe (Fr. f.), perch (a 
fish), pole (stick). 

percolat/e*, -ing*, -or*. 

perl consequens* (Lat.), 
consequently; — con- 
tra *, on the other hand ; 

— curiam, by the court; 

— diem*, daily. 
perdreaul (Fr. m.), a year- 
old partridge ; pi. -x, 

perdrlxl (Fr. f.), partridge, 

pi. same ; — blancbe, 

perdu*! (Fr.), fern, -e, 

concealed, lost. 
Phre (Fr. m.), R.C.C. 

father; abbr. P. 
P^re Ijachaise, cemetery 

near Paris (two words, 

perl essentlam (Lat.), 

essentially ; — eundem, 

by the same (judge). 

perf., perfect, (stamps) 

per fas autnefas* (Lat.), 
through right or wrong. 

perfect*, abbr. perf. 

perfecter*, not -or. 

perfecting*/ (typ.), print- 
ing the second side of a 

sheet ; press*, or — 

-machine*, one which 
prints both sides of the 
paper before its delivery. 

perforat/ed*, abbr. perf.; 

perforce*, of necessity 
(one word). 

Pergamentband {Ger. m.), 
vellum binding (cap.). 

pergunnab* (Ind.), parish. 

peridot*, gem, not -te. 

perigee*/ (astr.), pi. -s; 
abbr. perig. 

P6rigord pie*. 

perine/um*, -al* (anat.). 

per interim* (Lat.), in the 

period*, abbr. per. ; in typ. 
called the full point, or 
point {see punctuation, 

periodicals* (titles of), 
when cited, to be roman 

periphras/is *, circumlocu- 
tion ; pi. -es*. 

peritoneum*, Ko/-aeum. 

perityphlitis* (path.). 

periwig*, not perri-. 

periwinkle *, plant, and 

per mark (typ.), ^. 

per mensem * (Lat.), 

permis de sSJour (Fr. m.), 
permission to reside. 


permit*/, -ted*, -ting*. 

Ferowne, pron. p6-rOn'. 

per pals* (Norman Fr.), by 
jury ( = by the county). 

Perpetual* Curate, abbr. 

perl procurationem * 
(Lat.), by procuration, 


abbr. per proc. * ; per 

quod* (Lat.), whereby. 


Pers., Persia, -n. 

pers., person, -al, -ally. 

per\ saltum* (Lat.), at a 
leap; — se*, by himself, 
herself, itself, or them- 

Persia/, -n, abbr. Pers. 

Persian type has four 
forms, Naskhi, Taleek, 
Nustaleek, Shekestah ; 
Persian morocco*, the 

persiflage* (not itaL). 

per sign (typ.), ^. 

persll (Fr. m.), parsley. 

persimmon* (bot.), not 

persisten/ce*, in Fr. f. 
-ancc; -cy*, -t*. 

personal grata* (Lat), 
an acceptable person ; — 
gratJssitnat a most ac- 
ceptable person ; — in- 
grata, ditto unacceptable. 

personnel*, a staff of 
persons employed in any 

persp., perspective. 

per stirpes* (Lat), by the 
number of families. 


per totam curiam (Lat), 

perturbat/or*,7^w. -rix*. 

pertnirber*, not -or. 

Peru., Peruvian. 

peruke*, a v^ig, «o/-que. 

per viam (Lat), by way of. 

pes* (Lat), a foot; pi. 

Peshawar, Ind., «o/-ur. 

pesbwa*f a Mahratta chief. 

peso*, Spanish dollar. 

pessimi exempli (Lat), 
likely to prove a bad 

Pestalozzi (J. H.), 1745- 
1827, Swiss educationist. 

Pesth, itse Budapest. 

Pet., Peter (New Test.). 

petal*/, -led*. 

Peterhof, palace of Em p. 
of Russia (one word). 

Peter Schlemihl, a well- 
meaning unlucky fellow. 

Peter's pence* (cap., 
apos., two words). 

petiti {Fr.),fetn. -e, small; 

— comite, a small party. 
petitio principii (Lat.), 

begging the question. 
petit-laity whey. 
petit- maitre (Fr. m. ), a fop ; 

petite-maitresse, a fe- 
male dandy, pi. petiteS' 

petitsj pois (Fr. m.), green 

peas ; — SOins, little 

petit verre* (Fr. m.), a 

glass of liqueur. 
Petre*, /tow. pe'tr. 
petrel*, a bird, not -erel. 
Petriburg., signature of 

Bp. of Peterborough (full 

petrol*, oil for motor-cars, 
petrology*, abbr. petrol. 
Pettie (John), 1839-93, 

Petty (Sir William), 

1623-87, writer, etc. 
petty/ cash*, abbr. p/c; 

— officer (two words), 
abbr. P.O. 

peuapeu (Fr.), gradually. 

peut-itre (Fr.), perhaps. 

pevtrit*, not pee-. 

p. ex, {YT.),parexetnple(JoT 

P.P., Procurator-fiscal. 

Pf. (Ger.), Pfund (pound). 

p.f. (Fr.), pour feiiciter ;to 

pi (It mus.) piu forte (a 
little louder). 

Pfennig*! (Ger. m.), about 
half a farthing, not -ing ; 
pi. -e, abbr. Pfg. (cap.). 

Pfingsten (Ger.), Whit- 
suntide ; PfingstmoB' 
tag, Whit-Monday. 

Pfleiderer (Edmund), 
1842-1903, philos. ; — 
(Otto), 1839-, theol. 


"p.f.a.a,., pour/at're ses adieux 
(to say goodbye). 

Pfund (Ger. n.), pound 
(cap.) ; abbr. Pf. 

p.f.V., pour faire vtsite (to 
make a call). 

P.G., German Pharma- 
copoeia, (paper) plate- 
glazed ; P.G.M. (Free- 
masonry, Odd Fellows), 
Past Grand Master. 


phaenoinenon, use phe-*. 

Phaethon (class, myth.), 
the Sun God, not Phafi-, 

phaeton*, a carriage (not 

phalan/x*, a compact body 
of men, etc. ; pi. -es. 

phall/us* (bot. and comp. 
relig.), ^/. -i*. 

phantasmagoria*, is 
sing.^ pi. -s. 

phantasy*, etc., Ms«fan-*. 

phantom*, not f-. 

Phar., pharmacopoeia. 

Pharaoh*, not -oah. 

pharisaic/*,-al* (not cap.). 

Pharisee/ *, pi. -s. 

pharm., pharmaceutical, 

Pharmacol., pharmaco- 

pharmacopoeia/*, a book 
describing drugs, abbr. P., 
orPhar.; — Borussica 
(of Prussia), abbr. P.Bor.; 
— Britannica (of Eng- 
land), abbr. P.B.; — 
Dublinensis (of Dublin), 
abbr. P.D. ; — Ediri- 
burgensis (of Edin- 
burgh), abbr. P.E.; Ger- 
man — , abbr. P.G. ; — 
Londinensis (of Lon- 
don), abbr. P.L. 

pharyn/x*, ^/. -ges. 

Phayre, />ro«. fair. 

Ph.B., Philosophic Bacca- 
laureus (Bachelor of 

Ph.C. (Amer.), Pharma- 
ceutical Chemist. 

Ph.D., Philosophise Doctor 
(Doctor of Philosophy). 

**Ph§dre/*by Racine, 1677. 

Phenician, use Phoe-*. 

phenix, use phce-*. 

phenogam, use phaeno-*. 

phenomen/on*, an appear- 
ance ; pi. -a*, not phae- 
(not ital.). 

Ph.G. (Amer.), Graduate 
in Pharmacy. 

Phidias, 500-432 b.c, 
Athenian sculptor ; in Gr. 

Phil., Philadelphia, Philip- 

Philadelphia, abbr. Phil. 

philatel/ic *, -ically *, 
-ist*, -y*. 

Philem., Philemon. 

Philhellenic* (one word, 

philibeg, use filibeg*. 

Philip & Son, map pub- 
lishers, London. 

Philippe, Kings of Fr. and 
Sp. {see also Phill-). 

Philippians, abbr. Phil. 

philippic* (not cap.). 

philippina*, a game of 
forfeits, not fillipeen, 
philipena, phillipine. 

Philippine Islands. 

Philippopolis, Bulgaria. 

PhUipps (Sir C. E. G.), 
1840- ; — (Sir J. E.), 
1 824-. 

Philips (Ambrose), 

1675-1749, writer ; — 
(EdiArard), 1630-94, 
writer, Milton's nephew ; 
— (P. C), 1849-, 
writer ; — (John), 1631- 
1 706, writer, Milton's 
nephew ; — (Sir Jo- 
seph), 1839-, Maj.-Gen. 
{see also Phill-). 

Pbilister* (Ger.), a towns- 
man, a non-student ; pi. 
same (cap.) 

Phillip (Colin B.), 1856-, 
painter ; — (John), 
1817-67, painter {see also 
289 19 


phillipina, use philipp-*. 

PhiUipps (J. O. HalH- 
well-), 1820-89, Shak. 
scholar;— (SirThomas), 
1792-1872, book collector 
{see also Philips). 

PhiUipps -WoUey (C), 
1 854-, writer. 

Phillips (Claude), art 
writer; — (F, Emily), 
writer; — (Sir G. P. 
Paudel-), 1840- ; — 
(Stephen), poet ; — 
("Wendell), 181 1-84, 
Amer. abolitionist {see 
also Philips). 

Phillpotts (Eden), 1862-, 
writer ; — (Henry), 
1778-1869, Bp. of Exeter 
{see also Philpo/t, -tt). 

philosophers* stone*, not 

philosophize*, not -ise. 

PMlpot (J. H.), 1850-, 

Philpott (Henry), 1807- 
92, Bp. of Worcester {see 
also Phillpotts). 

Phil. Soc, Philological 
Society of London, Philo- 
sophical Society of Amer. 

Phil. Trans., the " Philo- 
sophical Transactions of 
the Royal Society of 

philtre* (love), not -er. 

phlebitis*, inflammation of 
the veins. 

Phoebus* Apollo. 

Phoenician*, not Phe-. 

phoenix*, not phe-. 

phon., phonetics. 

phosphorous*, of phos- 

phosphorus*, symbol P*. 


photo*, photograph (no 

photog., photography, -ic. 

pbotograpble (Fr. m. and 
£), photographer ; -ie (f.), 
photograph, -y. 

photogravure*, the art of 

producing, by the action 
of Hght, an incised metal 
surface for printing from ; 
and the picture so pro- 
duced (one word). 

photolithography*, the 
process of reproducing in 
ink any design on pre- 
pared stone by means of 
photography (one word). 

photom., photometry, -ical. 

phr., phrase. 

phren., phrenology, -ical. 

phrensy, use frenzy*. 

P.H.S., Pennsylvania His- 
torical Society. 

phthisis*, consumption ; 
pron. thy'sis {th as in 

pbyljum *, family tree, etc. ; 
pi. -a*. 

phys., physical, physician, 

physic/*, -ked*, -king*. 

physiol., physiology, -ical, 

physique*, constitution 
(not ital.). 

physique (Fr. f.), physics 
(natural philosophy). 

pi (typ.), use pie*. 

pi *, Gr. n, (math.) continued 
product ; ir, ratio of cir- 
cumference to diameter of 
circle, or 3 -14 159265,,. 

pianissimo* (It. mus.), 
very soft ; abbr. pp, orppp. 

piano/*, pi. -s, abbr. for 
pianoforte (no point). 

piano* (It. mus.), softly; 
abbr. p. 

piastre *, coin, not -er (not 

piazz/a* (It.), an open 
square ; pi. -e (not ital.). 

pibroch*, an air on the 
bagpipes, not the bagpipes 

Pica*, the ordinal of the 
Latin Church (formerly 
printed in pica type). 

pica* (typ.), a standard of 
measurement, one-sixth 
of an inch : ^'4 to pica," 



or 6, 8, lo, or 12 to pica, 
means that 4, 6, 8, 10, or 
12 leads or brass rules 
equal one line of pica. 

pica type*, the larg- 
est size ordinarily 
used for books, 
12 point, 6 lines 
to the inch, as 

piccalilli*, a pickle. 

piccaninny*, negro infant, 
not pica-, picka-. 

pick* (typ.), when the face 
of a letter is choked with 
dirt it is called a " pick," 
as the compositor picks it 
out with the point of a 
needle. It may be marked 
in the margin with a X« 

pickaxe (one word). 

Pickelbaube (Ger. f.), the 
modern helmet (cap.). 

picket/*, -ed*, -ing*. 

pick-me-up*, a stimulant 

pickpocket* (one word). 

picnic/*, -king*. 

pictures (titles of), when 
cited, to be roman double- 

pidgin-English*, Chinese 
jargon, from pidgin 

(business), not pigeon 

(hyphen, one cap.). 

pie* (typ.), type indis- 
' criminately mixed, not 
pi, pye. 

piebald*, not pye-. 

plbcej* (Fr. f.), a piece, 
play, etc. ; — de con- 
viction, document used 
as evidence ; — de rS- 
sistance*, the principal 
dish at a meal ; — d* occa- 
sion, a work composed 
for a special occasion ; — 
justificative, document 
used as evidence in 

piecemeal*, one portion 

at a time (one word). 
pihce montSe {Fr. cook, f.), 

a decorative dish. 
piedj (Fr. m.), a foot, abbr. 

p. ; — -h-terre, an oc- 
casional residence, pi. 

pieds (hyphens). 

** Pierce the Plough- 
man's Crede,** anon. 

about 1394 (see also 

Pierrepont, fam. name of 

Earl Manvers ; pron. 

"Piers Plowman (The 

Vision of)," by W. 

Langland, first ed. 136a 

{see also Pierce). 
Pietermaritzburg, S. Afr. 
pietrja durja (It.), a stone 

mosaic ; pi. -e -e. 
pigeon-hol/e*, -ed* (hy- 
pigmy, M5^ pygmy*. 
Pigot (Sir George), 1850-. 
Pigott (Sir C. R.), 1835- ; 

— (Sir Paynton). 
pigst/y *,/>/. -ies (one word). 
Pike*s Peak, Rocky 

Mountains (apos.). 
pilau *, Turk, national dish, 
pilaw, Indian dish. 
Pillsbury (H. N.), 187a-, 

chess player, 
pilot/*, -ed*, -ing*. 
Piloty (K. von), 1826-86, 

Ger. painter. 
Pilsener,a lightbeer(cap.). 
pimento*, allspice, not -a. 
pince-nez*, spring eye- 

glasses (not ital., hyphen). 
Pindar (Peter), 1738- 

1819, pen-name of Dr. J. 

pine-apple* (hyphen). 
Pinero (A. W.), 1855-, 

dramatist ; pron. pin-ai?o. 
pin-feather*, small ditto, 

not pen- {see also pen-), 
pinguin, a bird, use pen-*. 
Pinsuti (Giro), 1829-88, 

pint/*, -s, abbr. pt. 




pintade (Fr. f.),guineafowl. 
Pinturicchio, 1454-1513, 

It, painter. 
pinxit (Lat.), he, or she, 

painted it ; abbr. pnxt. 
pip/e*, abbr. p. ; -y*, not -ey. 
" Pippa Passes/* by 

R. Browning, 1841. 
piquant/* (Fr.), fern, -e, 

piqui* (Fr. m.), thick cotton 

fabric, quiUing ; (adj.) 

slightly sour (of wine) ; 

(mus.) short, detached ; 

(cook.) larded. 
PiraBTiS, harbour of Athens. 
Pirie*8 paper, that made 

byAlex. Pirie & Sons,Ltd., 

Aberdeen ; prort. pir'fi. 
Pirrie (Rt. Hon. W. J.), 

1847-, shipbuilder. 
pis aller* (Fr. m.), a make- 
pistachio* (hot.), Mo/-acho. 
pitance, use pitt-*. 
pit-a-pat*, with palpitation, 

not pitpat, pity-, pittypat 

pitchfork* (one word), 
pitchstone* (geol.) (one 

Pitman (Sir Isaac), 1813- 

97, shorthand inventor, 
pittance*, an allowance, 

not pita-. 
Pitti (Palazzo), Florence. 
Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, 

not -burgh. 
piu (It.), more. 
pius (Lat.), holy ; abbr. p. 
Pix, use Pjrx*. 
pixy*, «o^-ie. ^ 
P.J., presiding judge, 

Probate Judge, 
pk., park, peck, -s. 
pkg., package, -s. 
P.L., Pharmacopoeia Lond- 

inensis (London Phar.), 

Poet Laureate, 
pi., place, plate, -s, plural. 
place aux dames ! (Fr.), 

ladies first ! 

for the dead. 

placet* (Lat.), permission. 

Place Venddme, a square 
in Paris. 

placket* (dress.), an open- 

plafond*, the ceiling, not 

plagiarize*, «o/-ise. 

plagu/e*, -ily*, -y*. 

plain- sailing, use plane 
S. (two words). 

plain-song* (hyphen). 

plaintiff*, abbr. plf. 

plaister, use plas-*. 

planchet*, a coin-blank. 

planchette*, pencil frame 
on wheels. 

plane sailing* (naut), not 
plain- (two words). 

Plantagenet (family of). 

Plantin (Christophe), 
1514-89, printer. 

plaster* (sticking-), not 

plastron* (Fr. dress, m.), 
a bodice front. 

plat/e*, -es, abbr. pL ; -y ; 
(typ.) an electro, stereo, 
or illustration {see also 
figures and plates) ; 
(photog.) whole* — , 
SVaxeVa in., half-* — , 
672X4'/*, quarter-*—, 


plateau/ *, an elevated 
plain ; pi. -X* (not ital.). 

plate-glass* (hyphen). 

platinize*, to coat with 
platinum, not -ise. 

platinum*, symbol Pt. , 

Platonic* (cap,). 

platyrrhine *, «o/-rhine. 

plausible *, not -able. 

play or pay, abbr. p.p. 

play/-bill*, (hyphen). 

playgoer* (one word). 

plays (titles of), when 
cited, to be roman double- 
quoted (see also quota- 

playwright* (one word). 

play-wiriter (hyphen). 

plazaj* (Sp.), a public 
square; pi. -«. 


P.Ij.B., Poor Law Board. 
P.L.C, Poor Law Com 

mission, -er. 
pleasur/e*, -able*, 
plebeian*, vulgar, common, 
plebiscite*, a vote of the 
people (no accent, not 
ital.) ; in Fr. m. pl6-. 
plebiscitlum * ( Lat. ) , a 
decree ofthtplehs; pi. -a*. 
plebs* (Lat.), the populace. 
Pleiad/* (astr.),/>/. -es*. 
pleln-air* (Fr. m.), the 

open air. 
Plen., plenipotentiary, 
pleur/a*, but -iay*. 
pleuro-pneumonia* (hy- 
plf., plaintiff. 

P.L.G., Poor Law Guard- 
pile (Fr. f.), plaice. 
Plimsoirs mark (naut.). 
Plinlimmon, «<?/ Plyn-. 
plls creux (Fr. dress, m. 

pi.), box-pleats. 
plisse (Fr. m.), gathering, 

kilting, or pleating. 
plod/*, -der*, -ding*, 
plough*, in Amer. plow, 
plum/*, -my*, 
plumb*, vertical, 
plum-pudding (hyphen). 
Plunket, family name of 
Barons Plunket and Rath- 
Plunkett, fam. name of 
Earl of Fingall, and of 
Barons Dunsany and 
Louth ; — (Rt. Hon. Sir 
P. R.), 1835-, diplo- 
matist ; — (Rt. Hon. Sir 
Horace C), 1854-, P-C. 
pluperfect, abbr. plup. 
plural/, abbr. pi.; -ize, 

not -ise. 
plus/(Lat.), more; — mark 
(typ.),that of addition, + . 
plus tot (Fr.), sooner. 
Pluto (Rom. myth.), the 

god of the under-world. 
plutdt (Fr.), rather. 
Plutus (Gr. myth.), per- 
sonification of riches. 

p/uvier (Fr. m.), plover, 
pluviometer, not pluvia-. 
Plymouth Brethren, 

abbr. P.B. 
Plynlimmon, use Plin-. 
P.M., Pacific Mail, pay- 
master, postmaster, post- 
mortem.* (Lat.), post meridiem 

(afternoon) (not ital.). 
pm., premium, premolar. 
P.M. & O.A., Printers' 
Managers and Overseers 
P.M. a., "Pall Mall Ga- 
zette," Paymaster-Gen- 
eral, Postmaster-General. 
P.M.O., Principal Medical 

p.n., promissory note, 
pneum., pneumatic, -s. 
pnxt, pinxit (he, or she, 

painted it). 
P.O., petty officer, postal 
order, post office, professot 
ordinarius, Province of 
Ontario, public office, -er. 
pocket - handkerchief 

poco] (It.), a little, abbr. p. ; 
— curante, apathetic, 
P.O.D., pay on delivery, 

Post Office Department. 
Poe (Edgar Allan), 1809- 
49, Amer. writer ; pron.po. 
po^le (Fr. m.), pall, stove ; 

(f.) frying-pan. 
poems (titles of), when 
cited, to be roman double- 
quoted {see also quota- 
poet., poetic, -ical, poetry. 
Poet Laureate (caps., two 

words) ; abbr. P.L. 
poetry (typ.), turn-over 
lines to be indented two 
ems when even, three ema 
when outand in, except in 
very narrow measures ; 
use grave accented e 
when that otherwise mute 
syllable is to be separately 
pronounced, as raised ; 




when verses are num- 
bered, no period after the 
figure ; poetry quota- 
tions, unless they are set 
in smaller type, to have 
double quotes at beginning 
of first verse and end of 
last verse only. 
poignard, poinard, use 

poinsettia (botany), not 

point (typ.), all marks of 
punctuation, especially 
the full stop {see a&o com- 
pass, point system, 

point-blank (hyphen). 

point] tTappui (Fr. m.), 
a basis of operations ; — 
€Pattaque, basis of 
offensive operations. 

Point-de-Galle, Ceylon 

polat et virgule (Fr.), the 

pointing (typ.), printers' 
term for punctuation, 
which see. 

point system (typ.), one 
requiring that the bodies 
of all types shall be 
multiples, or di\'isions, of 
the twelfth of a pica, 
which is theoretically the 
sixth of an inch (72 points 
= I inch). 

poireau (Fr. m.), leek. 

po/s (Fr.m. s. and pi.), pea. 

poisson (Fr. m.), fish. 

poivre (Fr. m.), pepper. 

Pol., Poland, Polish. 

polarize, not -ise. 

pole, abbr. p. 

Pole Carew, pron. pool 

polecat (one word). 

pol. econ., political econo- 

Police (Ger. f.), policy of 
insurance (cap.) {set also 

police-constable (hy- 
phen) ; abbr. P.O. 

poUcblnelle (Fr. m.), 
puppet, buffoon. 

Polish, abbr. Pol. ; (typ.) 
has 24 letters as in Eng. 
without q and v. There 
are accents on many of 
the letters. 

polit., political, politics. 

pOlitesse (Fr. f.), polite- 

political economy, abbr. 
pol. econ. 

Polizei (Ger. f.), police 
(cap.) {see also Police). 

pollock, a fish, not -ack. 

PoUock (Sir Frederick), 
1845-, Prof, of law ; — 
(Walter Herries), 
1850-, writer. 

PoUok (Robert), 1799- 
1827, Sc. poet. 

Pollokshaws, near Glas- 

Polwarth, pron. pol'- 

polyanthus/ (bot.), not 
-OS ; pi. -es. 

polyglot, not -ott. 

polyhedr/on, not polye- ; 
pi. -a. 

** Polyolbion," by Dray- 
ton, 1613-22. 

polyp (zool.), not -pe. 

polyp/us (path.),jft/. -i. 

Polytechnic Institu- 
tion, London. 

Polytechnique (Eoole), 
Fr. school. 

polyzo/on (zool.), pi. -a. 

pomade, preparation for 
the hair, not pomm-. 

Pomard, a Burgundy 

pomelo, a fruit, the shad- 
dock, not pumm-. 

pommel/, -led, -ling, not 

pommes]{FT. f. pl.),apples; 
— de terre, potatoes. 

Pompeian, of Pompeii. 
ponctuation (Fr. f.), 

pondere (Lat.), by weight ; 
abbr. p. 



Pondicherry, Ind.; in Fr. 

poniard, a dagger, not 

poign-, poin-. 
ponsj (Lat.), a bridge, pi 

pontes ; — asinorum, 

bridge of asses, Euclid, 


Pontacq, a white wine. 

Pontefract, pron. pomfret. 

pontlfjex (Lat.), a bishop, 
abbr. P.'; pi. -ices, 

pont/ifF, -ifical. 

Pont-l'ifivdque, a Fr. 
town ; (m.) a cheese. 

P.O.O., post office order. 

pood (Russ.), 36 lb. Eng. 

Pool, Leeds. ' 

Poole, Dorset. 

Poole (W. P.), 1821-94, 
of " Poole's Index." 

Poona, Bombay, not -ah. 

poorhouse (one word). 

Poor Law (two words, 
caps.) ; poor-rate (hy- 
phen, no caps.). 

P.O.P. (photog.), printing- 
out paper. 

pop., popular, population. 

Pope (the) (cap.). 

pope-Joan, a card game 
(cap. J only). 

popiilarize, not -ise. 

population, abbr. pop. 

populus (Lat.), people ; 
abbr. P. 

pore (Fr. m.), pork. 

Porchester Terrace, 
London {set also Port-). 

-pore, Ind. suffix, see -pur. 

Porson (Richard), 1759- 
1808, Gr. scholar. 

Port., Portugal, -uese. 

Port au Prince, Haiti 
(two caps., no hyphen). 

Portchester, Hants {see 
also Porch-). 

Porte, the Turkish Govern- 
ment ; more fully the 
Sublime — (ital.). 

portej'Crayon (Fr. m.), a 

crayon-holder ; mon- 

naie (s. and pi.), a purse 

Port-Glasgow, Renfrew 

portico/, pi. -es ; -ed. 

portiire (Fr. f.), door- 
curtain, a portress, car- 
riage door, or window. 

portmanteau/, pi. -x (not 

Porto Bello, Panama (two 

Portobello, near Edin- 
burgh (one word). 

Portpatrick, Stranraer 
(one word). 

portray, not pour-. 

Portugal, abbr. Port, (see 
also Assemblies). 

Portuguese, abbr. Port. ; 
(typ.) alphabet has 25 
letters as in Eng. without 
TV. The vowels a, o, may 
have a curved mark over, 
as Jo^o, p3em. The acute 
accent, also f as in Fr., 
is used sometimes. 

pos., positive. 

P.O.S.B., Post Office 
Savings Bank. 

pos/e, -ed, -ing. 

poseujr (Fr.), /em. -se, 
a prig. 

poss., possession, -ive. 

posse comitatus (Lat.), 
the county force. 

possessive case (typ.)— 

1. The apostrophe for 
this should be used 
only for nouns ; not for 
the pronouns hers, its, 
ours, theirs, yours. 

2. For nouns in the 
singular and plural that 
end in any letter but s, 
the apostrophe must 
precede the 5, as Presi- 
dent's house, men's 

3. For nouns in the 
singular number that 
end in 5, the possessive 
must be formed by 
adding the '5, as 
Burns's poems, St. 
James's Street. 



possessive case (cont). 

4. For nouns in the 
plural number that end 
in s, the apostrophe 
must follow the s, as 
in boys' games. 

5. When the s would be 
silent in speech, it is 
generally omitted, as 
for conscience' sake. 

6. In English names and 
surnames add '5. 

7. Ancient words ending 
in -es usually make the 
possessive in -es', as 
Ceres' rites, Moses' law. 

8. Omit the apos. in such 
cases as " Additional 
Curates Society," 
where the Society is not 
of or for the persons 

post, abbr. P. 

post (Lat.), after; abbr. p. 

postage - stamp (hy- 

postal order, abbr. P.O. 

post card/, -s (two words), 
abbr. p.c. ; (elec- 
tion), wMs/ bear printer's 
name and address. 

poste restante, P.O. dept. 
w^here letters remain till 
called for. 

posteriori (a), not a — 
(not ital). 

postgraduate (one word). 

post-haste (hyphen). 

posthumous, not postu-. 

postilion, not -llion. 

post litem motam (Lat.), 
after litigation began. 

postmark (one word). 

postmaster (one word) ; 
abbr. P.M. 

Postmaster - General 
(hj'phen, caps.) ; abbr. 

post meridiem (Lat.), 
afternoon; abbr. p.m. (not 
caps., or s.caps.). 

post-mortem (hyphen, not 
ital.) ; abbr. P.M. 

post-obit, a bond (hyphen). 

post oflB.ce/ (two words), 

abbr. P.O. ; order, 

abbr. P.O.O. ; Post Of- 
fice Savings Bank, 
abbr. P.O.S.B. ; post 
paid, abbr. p.p. 

post, see books, paper. 

postscript (one word) ; 
abbr. P.S., not PS., pi. 

post terminum (Lat.), 
after the conclusion. 

postumous, use posth-. 

posy, not -ey. 

pot/, -ted, -ting. 

pot., potential. 

potagej (Fr. m.), soup ; — k 
la queue de baeuf, ox- 
tail soup; — delevraut, 
hare soup; — printanier, 
soup with spring veget- 

potato/, pi. -es. 

pot-au-feu (Fr. cook, m.), 
a meat broth. 

poteen, illicit whisky, not 
pott-, poth-. 

potential, abbr. pot. 

pot (paper), use pott {see 
also books, paper). 

potpourri, a medley (one 

potsherd, not -ard, 

pott (paper), not pot (see 
also books, paper). 

pouce (Fr. m.), an inch, 
a thumb ; abbr. p. 

pouding (Ft. cook, m.), 

poudrli (Fr.), fern, -ie, 

Poughkeepsie, U.S.A.; 
pron. pO-kip'si. 

poularde (Fr. f.), a fat 

poulej (Fr. f.), a hen ; — de 
neige, white grouse ; — 
faisane, hen-pheasant. 

pouletj (Fr. m.), a young 
chicken ; — de grain, 
a corn-fed chicken. 

Poulett (Earl, not of); 
pron. pawl'et. 



poulette (Fr. f.), a young 

pound/, avoirdupois, 7000 

grains ; — troy, 5760 

grains ; — mark (typ.), 

money £, weight lb. {not 

tfe), neither takes s in the 

pourj (Fr.), for, abbr. p. ; — 

ainsi dire, so to speak. 
pourboire (Fr. m.), a 

pourl dire adieu (Fr.), 

to say good-bye, abbr. 

p.d.a. ; — faire ses 

adieuxy ditto, abbr. 

p.f.s.a. ; — faIre visite, 

to make a call, abbr. p.f.v. 
pourparler (Fr. m.), pre- 
liminary discussion (one 

word, ital.). 
pour prendre congS (Fr.), 

to take leave; abbr.p.p.c. 
pour rendre vislte (Fr.), 

to return a call j abbr. 

pour tout dire (Fr.), in a 

pourtray, use por-. 
pousse-cafS (Fr. m.), a 

liqueur (after coffee). 
Poussin (Wicholas), 

1594-1665, painter. 
poussin (Fr. m.), a very 

young chicken. 
Powell, /(row. pO'el. 

Powis (Earl of), family 

name Herbert ; pron. 

pQ'is (see also Powys). 
Powlett, />n)«. pawl'et. 
powwow, a feast, etc. 

(3 w's). 
Powys, fam. name Baron 

Lilford ; pron. pO'is (see 

also Powis). 
PP. (Lat.), Palres (fathers). 
P.P.*, parish priest, 
pp., pages; (typ.) this abbr. 

should not end a line. 
pp * (It. mus.), pianissimo 

(very soft) or piu piano 


p.p., past participle, play 
or pay, (Fr.) publie par 
(published by), post paid. 

Ppb. (Ger. bind.), Pappband 

p.p.C, pour prendre conge 
(to take leave, to pay 
a parting call). 

p.p.i., policy suflBcient proof 
of interest. 

P.Q., previous question. 
Province of Quebec. 

P.B,., Porto Rico, prize 
nus (the Roman people). 

Pr., priest, printer. 

pr., pair, -s. 

P.R.A.*, President of the 
Royal Academy (Lon- 

praam, a boat, use pram.. 

Pracbtausgabe (Ger. 
typ. f.), edition de luxe ; 
abbr. Pr.-A. 

practice (noun). 

practise (verb). 

praemimire, a writ, not 

praBnomen, use pre-. 

praBpositor, use pre-. 

praster propter (Lat.), 
about, nearly; abbr. pr. 

praBtor, a Roman magis- 
trate, not pre-. 

Prager (Ger.), inhabitant 
of Prague. 

Prager (Ger.), a coiner. 

pram, a boat, not praam. 

pratique, a limited quaran- 
tine, not -ic. 

Prayer Book (caps., no 
hyphen) ; abbr. P.B. 

Prayer of Manasses, 
abbr. Pr. of Manasses. 

P.B.B., Pre-Raphaelite 
Brotherhood, 1850. 

P.R.C., Post Romam Con- 
ditam (after the building 
of Rome ; 753 b.c). 

Prchevalsky, use Przh- 

pre-Adamite (hyphen, 
cap. A). 



Pr6ault (A. A.), 1809-79, 
Fr. sculptor. 

preb., prebend, -ary. 

prec, preceding, precentor. 

precentor, choir director ; 
abbr. prec. 

preceptor, a teacher. 

preces (Lat.), prayers. 

precession, of the equi- 

pre-Christian (hyphen, 
cap. C). 

** Pr6cieuses Kidicules 
(Les),** by Molidre, 1659, 

precieulx (Fr.), an affected 
man ; /em. -se. 

precis/, a summary ; — 
writing (not ital.). 

pre-Columbian (hyphen, 
cap. C). 

precursor, tiot -er. 

predictor, not -er. 

predilection, partiality. 

pre/ -eminence, -emin- 
-establish, -exist (all 

pref., preface, preference, 
preferred, prefix, -ed. 

preface, the introductory 
address of the author to 
the reader, in which he 
explains the purpose and 
scope of the book. It is 
as well to make this 
thoroughly explanatory, 
as cases are not infrequent 
where this is the only 
part of the book read by 
a reviewer! (typ.) It is 
usually set in type one or 
two sizes larger than the 
text, or the same type more 
widely leaded. The pagi- 
nation should be separate 
from the text,and in roman 
numerals with no full 
point, and not in figures. 
Abbr. pref. (see also pre- 
liminary matter). 

prSfecturej {Fr. f.), county- 
hall in a French town ; 
— • de poUcCf office of 
commissioner of police. 

prefer/, -able, -ably, etc. 

prefer/ence, -red, abbr. 

prefix/, -ed, abbr. pref. 

prehens/ible, -ile (one 

prehistoric (one word). 

Preignac, a white wine. 

Prejevalski, use Przh- 

prejudg/e, -ment, etc. 
(one w^ord). 

prejudice against ; — in 
favour of not to be used. 

prelim., preliminary. 

preliminary matter 
(typ.), the order should 
be : — half-title, frontis- 
piece, title (on the back 
of this, number of editions, 
impressions, etc.), dedica- 
tion, errata, preface, con- 
tents, list of illustrations, 
introduction. All except 
frontispiece, which faces 
title, to come or begin on 
right-hand pages, but the 
errata may go on the left- 
hand page when needful to 
save space. Pagination to 
be roman numerals with 
no full point. The index 
to be at the end of the 
book, beginning on a 
right-hand page, and with 
pagination running on 
with the book (see also 
title page/, -s). 

premier (au) (Fr. m.), on 
the first floor ; premiere 
danseuse, principal fem. 
dancer in a ballet ; en 
premiere, in a first-class 
carriage ; premiere qua- 
Iit6, first quality. 

premise (logic), a pro- 
position, not -iss. 

premise (verb), not -ize. 

premium, abbr. pm. 

premolar, abbr. pm. 

premunire, use prae-. 

prendre Vbabit (Fr.), to 
become a monk or nun. 

prenomen, not prae-. 



prentice, an apprentice 
(no apos.). 

pre/occupy, -ordain (one 

prep., preparatory, pre- 

prepay (one word). 

prepositor, a monitor, not 

caps.) ; — Brotherhood, 
abbr. P.R.B. 

Pres., president. 

pr6 sali (Fr. m.), mutton 
from sheep pastured on 
a salt marsh, or near the 

Presb., Presbyterian. 

presbyopia, old sight. 

Presbyterian (cap.); abbr. 

preses (Sc), president, 
or chairman. 

president, abbr. Pres. 

President of the United 
States, etc. (caps.). 

Press (the), newspapers, 
etc. (cap.). 

press (corrector of the), 
one who reads and cor- 
rects printers' proofs ; a 

Press (freedom of the). 
Every person who prints 
anything for hire or re- 
ward must, under a 
penalty of £20, keep one 
copy at least of the matter 
printed, and write on it 
the name and place of 
abode of the person who 
employed him to print it. 
Every person who 
prints any paper meant 
to be published must 
print on the first or last 
leaf his name and usual 
place of business ; on 
failing to do so he forfeits 
the sum of ^5, and so 
does any person publish- 
ing the same. 

Papers printed by Par- 
liament, or in Govern- 

ment offices, engravings, 
auction lists, bank-notes, 
bills of lading, receipts 
for money, and a few 
similar forms, are ex- 

Pressens6 (E. D. de), 
1824-91, Fr. theol. and 

press/-niark, that which 
shows the place of a book 
in a library ; — proof, 
the last one examined 
before going to press, or 
taking electro or stereo ; 
— -work (typ,), the 
operating, adjustment, or 
management of a printing 
press ; also the work 
done by the press. 


Prester John, mythical 
mediaeval priest. 

prestige, renown (not 

prestige (Fr. m.), enchant- 
ment (ital.). 

Preston/kirk, -pans, 
Haddington (one word). 

Prestwich, Lanes. 

Prestwick, Ayr. 

presum/e, -able, -ably, 

pret., preterit. 

pretence, not -se. 

preten^sion, -tious. 

preterit, past tense, not 
-ite ; abbr. pret. 

preternatural, etc. (one 

prSter serment (Fr.), to 
take the oath. 

pretlami affectlonis (Lat., 
Sc. law), a fancy price ; 
— perlculi, premium for 

pretor, use prae-. 

Preussen, Ger. n. for 
Prussia; pron. proi'sen. 

prevail/, -ed, -ing. 

preventive, not -tative, 

Prevost, /TOM. preVo. 



Pr6vost-Paradol (L. A.^ 
1829-70, Fr. writer. 

pr&vdt (Fr. m.), provost. 

P.R.I., President of the 
Royal Institute (of Paint- 
ers in Water-Colours). 

price list (two words). 

prie-Dieu (Fr. m.), a kneel- 
ing-chair (for devotion) ; 
pl. same. 

priest, abbr. Pr. 

prim., primary, primate, 

prima (typ.), the first word 
of the next page, sheet, 
or slip to the one being 
read ; also mark on copy 
where reading is to be re- 
sumed after interruption. 

primal (It. f.), first; — 
6l/iYa, first female singer in 
a comic opera ; — donna, 
first ditto in opera, pl. 
prime donne; prima 
facie (Lat.), at first sight 
(two words, not ital.) ; di 
{or a) prima vista (It.), 
at first sight ; prima volta 
(It mus.), the first time. 

Prim.e Minister (two 
words, caps.). 

primer (typ.), pron. prim- 
er {see also great — , 
long — ). 

primeval, not -aeval. 

primigenial, not primo-. 

Primitive Baptists,abbr. 

primum cognitum (Lat.), 
the first thing known. 

primusj (Lat.), first, abbr. 
p. ; — inter pares, first 
among equals. 

Prin., Principal. 

prin., principles, princi- 

prince,abbr.P.; Prince/ of 
Glory, Life, or Peace, 
as Deity (caps.); — of 
Wales/ Island,ofi'. Pen- 

ang; note, a 

paper, 4^3 x 3 in. 

pr/nceps( Lat.), the first,/)/. 
priocipes; editio — , the 

first edition of a work, pl. 
editiones principes. 

princesse (Fr. dress.), a 
long close-fitting gown. 

Princeton University, 

Principal, abbr. Prin. 

princip/les, -ally, abbr. 

print., printing. 

print (in), still on sale ; — 
(out of), sale, or new, 
copies no longer obtain- 
able, abbr. o.p. 

printanijer (Fr. cook.), 
/em. -dre, with early 
spring vegetables. 

printer, abbr. pr. ; King's 
or Queen's Printer, 
may print Bibles (A.V.), 
Prayer Books, Statutes, 
and Acts of State, to the 
exclusion of all other 
presses, except (in the 
case of Bibles and Prayer 
Books) those of the Uni- 
versities of Oxford and 
Cambridge. Special li- 
cence may be given to 
print Bibles in Scotland 
and Ireland. 

printer's error,/)/, print/- 
er's, or -ers* errors. 

printer's mark, an im- 

printing, abbr. ptg., or 

Prinzj (Ger. m.), prince 
(usually of the blood 
royal), pl. -en ; fern. 
-essin, pl. -essinnen 

prior to, be/ore, or pre- 
vious to, preferred. 

prise, to force open, MO/-ize. 

priv., privative. 

Privatdozent (Ger. m.), a 
university teacher paid 
only by students' fees (one 
word, cap.); abbr. P.D. 

privative, abbr. priv. 

Privy Council/, -lor (two 
words, caps.\ abbr. 
P.O. J Privy Seal, P.S. 



prIx (Fr. m.), prize, price. 

prize, to force open,use -ise. 

p.r.n., pro re nata (as oc- 
casion may require). 

pro (Lat.), for ; abbr. p. 

proa, Malay vessel, not the 
many variations. 

pro and con, pro et contra 
(forand against) ; pi. pros 
and cons (not ital., no 

prob., probable, -ly, prob- 

' lem. 

probatum est (Lat.), it 
has been proved. 

proof impression ; -6o- 
^en, proof-sheet ; -nutn- 
tner, specimen number ; 
'Seite, specimen page 

pro bono publico (Lat), 
for the public good. 

probosc/is, pi. -es. 

Proc, proceedings, proctor. 

proems (Fr. m.), lawsuit. 

process blocks, illustra- 
tions produced by pho- 
tography, and chemical or 
mechanical etching pro- 

process-server (hyphen). 

prochsj - verbal, official 
report, minutes ; pi. — 

proconsul (one word) ; 
abbr. P. 

Procter (Adelaide 

Anne), 1825-64, poetess ; 

— (Bryan Waller, not 
Walter), 1787-1874, pen- 
name "Barry Cornwall," 

proctor, abbr. Proc. 

Proctor (R. A.), 1837-88, 
astr. and writer. 

Procurator - fiscal, Sc. 
law officer (cap. P, hy- 

procureurj (Fr. m.), an 
attorney ; — de la rS- 
publfque, — du rot, or 

— gSnSraU public pro- 

prodrom/us, a preliminary 
treatise ; pi. -i. 

producible, not -able. 

pro et contra (Lat.), for 
and against {see also pro 
and con). 

Prof., professor. 

professoriate, not -orate. 

pro forma (Lat.), as a 

matter of form, not a 

(two words). 

Profs., professors. 

programme, not -am. 

pro bac vice (Lat.), for 
this occasion, «o^ — hac — . 

projector, not -er. 

prolegomen/a, prelimi- 
nary remarks ; no sing., 
genit. pi. -on. 

proletariat, the poorest 
class in a community, not 
-te (not itaJ.). 

prologize, etc., to deliver 
a prologue, not -uize. 

prolonge (mil.), a rope. 

prom., promontory. 

promissory note, abbr. 

pron., pronominal, pro- 
noun, pronounced, pro- 

prononcIS (Fr.), /em. -Se, 
strongly marked. 

pronoun, abbr. pron. ; 
when relating to Deity, 
as His, cap. 

pronounc/e, -eable, 

-ement, -ing ; -ed, 
abbr. pron. 

pronunciamiento (Sp.), 
a manifesto. 

pronunciation, abbr. 


proof (typ.), a trial im- 
pression from composed 
type, taken for correction ; 
author's — , a clean 
proof, or one returned 
w^ith his corrections, abbr. 
a.p. ; binding — , some 
rough edges left on a 
trimmed book, to show 
that it has not been cut 
down excessively; clean 



proof (cont). 

— , one having very few 
printers' errors ; first — , 
the "clean" proof, as cor- 
rected by the compositor, 
Virhich the author first re- 
ceives ; foundry — , the 
final one of plate-printing ; 
galley or slip — , a 
proof taken before the 
matter is made up into 
pages : usually about i8 
inches long. By having 
the first proof in this 
form, alterations can be 
efiected much more 
cheaply when the cor- 
rections are likely to 
be numerous : it is the 
usual custom in America ; 
page — , or — in sheets, 
those made up into pages ; 
slip — (s^-^galley.above) ; 

— marks (see proof 
correction marks) ; — 
paper, that used for 
taking proofs ; plate — , 
one taken from a plate ; 
press — , the final one 
passed by author, editor, 
or publisher, for the press ; 

— -reader, one who 
reads and corrects prin- 
ters' proofs; readLLng, 

first read through for 
literals and misplaced 
letters, afterwards for 
sense and style (see also 
head-lines) ; rough, or 
reader's first — , one 
taken without special 

proof correction 

marks : — 

cap. change to capital 
letters those trebly 

c^ delete, take out. 

ital. change to italic let- 
ters those underlined. 

1.0. change to lower-case 
letters (small, not caps. 
or s.caps.) those under- 

proof correction marks 


n.p., or % begin a new 
paragraph with the word 
after the bracket [. 

press, print oflf. 

Qy., or?, added by reader 
to marksomethingabout 
which he is uncertain. 

revise, submit another 

rom. change to roman 
letters those underlined. 

ruJi on and a line 
drawn from the last 
word of the first para- 
graph to the first word 
of the second, no new 

S.caps. change to small 
capitals those doubly 

stet let the cancelled 
word dotted underneath 

tr/ transpose as marked. 

"W, wrong. 

w.f. wrong fount, alter. 

X bad letter, substitute 
good type. 

A the caret mark, insert 
matter in margin. 

Q indent first word, 

:}:(: insert space, or equal- 
ize spacing. 

L space to be reduced. 

6) a type inverted, turn. 

Q remove space, close up. 

y to be put under all 
apos., quotes, and su- 
perior letters (as r in 
M--.) to be added. 

_L a space to be pushed 

r move to the left. 

"1 move to the right. 

II make parallel at the 

see stet, above. 

= lines to bestraightened. 

/ a stroke as this to be 
put after each note in 
the margin to show 
that it is concluded, to 



proof correction marks 


' separate it from others, 
and to call attention to it. 
ALL corrections to be 
made in ink, and atten- 
tion called to them in 
the margin, as other- 
wise they are liable 
to be overlooked. All 
punctuation marks, as 
full stop, etc., to be en- 
closed in a circle. 

proofs of engravings : — 
artist's proof, a first 
impression after comple- 
tion ; India proof, one 
on India paper ; proof 
before letters, or third 
state, has no engraved 
title, but name of artist 
and engraver in small en- 
graved letters at right 
and left corners of plate, 
usually loo copies ; proof 
print, an early and supe- 
rior impression ; remark 
proof, one of the first 
50-100 copies, denoted by 
one or more fanciful de- 
signs on the margin, or by 
the absence of certain lines 
in diiferent parts of the 
plate; proof with open 
letters, an early proof on 
which the title is engraved 
in letters that are merely 
outlined; second state 
proof, has engraved sig- 
nature of engraver, next 
in value to remark proof, 
usually 200 copies printed. 

prop., proposition. 

pro patria (Lat), for one's 

Propatrlapapier (Ger. 
typ. n.), foolscap (cap.). 

propel/, -led, -ler, -ling. 

prophecy (noun). 

prophesy (verb). 

propitiat/e, -or, not -er. 

proposition, abbr. prop. 

propria motu (Lat.), of 
one's own accord. 

proj rata (Lat.), in pro- 
portion ; — re nata, as 

occasion may require, 
abbr. p.r.n. 

pros., prosody. 

pro salute animas (Lat.), 
for the good of the soul. 

pros and cons, pi. of pro 
and con (not ital., no 

prosceni/um, pi. -a. 

proselytize, etc., not -ise. 

prosit! (Lat.), your good 
health ! (used by Ger. 
students and others). 

prospector, not -er. 

prospectus/, pi. -es. 

Prot., Protestant. 

pro tanto (Lat.), to that 

protector, not -er. 


pro tempore (Lat.), for 
the time being; abbr. pro 
tern,, orp.t. 

Protestant/, abbr. Prot. ; 
-ism (cap.). 

protester, not -or. 

prothonotary, not proto-. 

protomartyr, prototype 
(one word). 

protozo/on, />/. -a(not ital.). 

protractor, drawing in- 
strument, not -er. 

Proudhon (P. J.), 1809- 
65, Fr. Socialist. 

Prov., Provence, -fal, Pro- 
verbs, province. Provost. 

prov., proverbially, pro- 
vincial, provisional. 

Prov. Batt. (mil.). Pro- 
visional Battalion. 

prov/e, -able, -ing. 

proven (not) (Scots law), 
a verdict intermediate 
between guilty and not 
guilty, equalling ac- 
quittal ; but no further 
trial possible on the same 

provenance (not ital.). 

provenfale (k la) (Fr. 
cook.), with garlic or 
onions (not cap.). 



Proven/ce, S. Fr. (no 
cedilla), -9al; abbr.Prov. 

Proverbs, abbr. Prov. 

provinc/e, abbr. Prov. ; 
-ial, abbr. prov. 

Province of Quebec, 
abbr. P.Q. 

Provisional Battalion, 

proviso/, pi. -s (not ital.). 

Provost/, abbr. Prov. ; — 
-Marshal (caps., hy- 

prox.f see proximo. 

proxlmej accessit (Lat), 
he, or she, came nearest 
(to winning a prize, etc.) ; 
abbr. prox. acc,; pi. — 

proximo (Lat.), in, or of, 
the next month ; abbr. 
prox,, this abbr. not to 
be printed. 

pr. pr., prseter propter 
(about, nearly). 

P.R.S.*, President of the 
Royal Society (London). 

P.R.S.A., President of the 
Royal Scottish Academy. 

Prschevalsky, use Przh- 

P.R.S.E., President of the 
Royal Society of Edin- 

prud'Iiomme (Fr. m.), 
{formerly) good and true 
man ; (now) expert, um- 

prueba (Sp. typ.), proof. 

prunella (bot.), not-o. 

Pruss., Prussia, -n. 

p.r.v., pour rendre visite (to 
return a call). 

Przhvalsky (Nicholas), 
1 839-, Russ. traveller, 
not the many varia- 

P.S., permanent secretary, 
postscriptum (postscript), 
Privy Seal, (theat. ) prompt 
side (two points). 

Ps., Psalm, -s. 

p.s. (mil.). Passed School 
(of Instruction). 

P.S.A.*, Pleasant Sunday 

Psalm/, -s, abbr. Ps. 

Psalmist (the) (cap.). 

Psalter (the) (cap.). 

p's and q*s (apos., no 

p.s.c (rail.), Passed StaflF 

P.S.E., Pleasant Saturday 

pseudonym, an assumed 
name ; abbr. pseud. 

pshaw^ ! an exclamation, 
not psha, -h. 

P.S.N. C, Pacific Steam 
Navigation Company. 

P.SS., postscripta (post- 

psych., psychic, -al. 

psychol., psychology, -ical. 

P.T., post town, pupil 

Pt. (geog.), Point, Port. 

Pt, platinum. 

pt., part, payment, pint, -s, 
(math.) point. 

p.t,, pro tempore (for the 
time being). 

Ptah (Egypt.), creator. 

Pte. (mil.), private. 

pterodactyl, not -le. 

ptg., printing. 

P.T.O., please turn over. 

ptomaines, poisons. 

pub./, public, -an, publish, 
-ed, -er, -ing ; — doc, 
public document. 

publice (Lat.), publicly. 

public-house (hyphen). 

Public Schools (the 
great), Eton, Harrow, 
Rugby, Winchester, 

Westminster, Shrews- 
bury, Charterhouse, St. 
Pauls, Merchant Taylors. 

public par (Fr.), published 
by ; abbr. p.p. 

publish/, -ed, -er, -ing, 
abbr. pub. 

publishers* binding, 
usually that in cloth. 

Puebla, Mexico. 

Pueblo, Colorado. 



pueblo (Sp.), a village, 
any inhabited place. 

puff-adder (hyphen). 

puffball, a fungus (one 

pugaree, a hat scarf, uoi 
the many variations. 

pug-dog (hyphen). 

pUinjS (Ft.), fern. -Se, 
younger, opposed to aine, 
senior ; pron. pwe'nd. 

puisne (law^), pron. pu'na. 

pul/e, to whine ; -ing. 

Puleston, pron. pil'stn. 

pull (typ.), a proof. 

pull a proof (typ.), take an 

PuUein, pron. pull'en. 

pulque, Amer. beverage. 

pulsimeter, a pulse mea- 

pulsometer, a pumping 

Pulteney, pron. pole'tne. 

pulverize, not -ise. 

pummel, use po-. 

pum.melo, use pomelo. 

Pumpernickel (Ger. m.), 
rye bread, also nickname. 

Punchinello, a puppet. 

punctatim (Lat.), point 
for point. 

punctilio/, pi. -s. 

I. The chief diflBculty lies 
in the use of the comma, 
semicolon, colon, and 
period. In general they 
correspond, in the order 
named, to shorter or 
longer pauses as heard in 
correct speech ; but no ab- 
solute rules can be given. 

1. Logic and common 
sense must be the su- 
preme guides. 

2. Punctuate so as to 
show the meaning best. 

3. Omit every point 
that does not make the 
meaning clearer. 

4. Points are usually 
omitted in English legal 
documents and papers. 

punctuation {cont.). 

5. (typ.) Copy to be fol- 
lowed when so ordered. 
II. apostrophe (*) 

1. Is placed to show an 
omission, as "e'er" for 
''ever", *'it's" for "it 
is ","tho'" for "though", 
"'49" for "1849." But 
it is not used when the 
word retains the first and 
last letters and its original 
sound, as "Dr.", "Mr." 

2. The plural of single 
letters and figures is 
made by adding '5, as 
"M.P.'s", "R.A.'s", 
"p's and q's"; (typ.) 
always set these close up. 

3. Isused in Irish names, 
such as 0'Neil,0'Connor. 

4. It is not used, in 
place of the single turned 
comma, in such Scotch 
names as M'Gregor, etc. 
(see also possessive 
case, quotations). 

•"• b^-. 1 l^'Z 

in tabular work to con- 
nect two or more 
lines ; the explanation 
being central and on the 
opposite side. The brace 
should point towards the 
fewer number of lines, as 

Biology jiodog;. 
IV. brackets, [] (typ. 
crotch, or crotchets), 
are used to include 

1. Comments, correc- 
tions, explanations, inter- 
polations, notes, or trans- 
lations, not in the original, 
but added by subsequent 
authors, editors, or others, 
as "I have heard him 
[Lord Palmerston] say" 
{see also XX). 

2, They may also con- 
tain an omitted word, or 
the correct spelling of a 
misspelt word. 

305 20 


punctuation (cont.). 

3. They are largely 
used in dictionaries, etc. 

4. They should be used 
with \sic]. 

5. In sentences where 
[ ] and ( ) both occur, the 
main digression usually 
takes [ ], the subordinate 
( ), thus : " [here the au- 
thor contradicts himself 
(see page 76)]." Avoid 
(()), «5.[()]. 

V. close, heavy, or stiff, 
punctuation is that 
characterized especially 
by the use of many 
commas : common in the 
eighteenth century, as : — 

" He has also informed 
me, that those, who were 
the oldest Benchers when 
he came to the Temple, 
told him, the first mar- 
riage settlement of con- 
siderable length, was the 
invention of an old Ser- 
geant." ("Tatler" No. 
199, 18 July, 1710.) 

VI. colon ( : ) is used 

1. When the preceding - 
part of a sentence is 
complete in sense and 
construction, and the 
following part is some 
remark naturally arising 
from it and depending on 
it in sense, though not in 
construction, as ''Study 
to acquire the habit of 
thinking : no habit is more 
important." "We are 
never deceived : we de- 
ceive ourselves "(Goethe). 

2. In introducing an 
argument, example, nar- 
rative, quotation, saying, 
or speech, as ''Exception 
may fairly be taken to 
the sentence in which he 
says : ' The law ought 
to forbiU it, because it is 
not permitted by con- 
science.' " 

punctuation {cont.), 

3. It is placed after 
such words as, as follows : 
for example : namely : 
[Shakespeare] says : this 
maxim : these words : 
thus : to wit : as "On the 
last morning of his life 
he wrote these words : 
' I have named none 
to their disadvantage.' " 
And also where some of 
these words are implied 
but not expressed, as 
"Three nations adopted 
this law: England, France, 
and Germany." When 
the word following com- 
mences a new paragraph, 
the colon should be 
followed by a dash, as 
"namely : — " 

4. After words marking 
a new stage in an argu- 
ment, as again : further : 
to proceed : to resume : 
to sum up : In these 
cases the immediately suc- 
ceeding sentence should 
begin with a lower-case 
letter, as "To sum up: 
if you will conform to 
these conditions, I will 
sign the agreement." 

5. On title pages, (A) 
between the place of 
publication and the name 
of the publisher, as 
" Oxford : At the Claren- 
don Press"; "Cambridge: 
At the University Press " ; 
(B) between the principal 
and the secondary title, 
as "The Imperial Dic- 
tionary of the English 
Language : a complete 
encyclopaedic lexicon, 
literary, scientific, and 

VII. comma (,) 

I. Separates and de- 
fines the adjuncts, clauses, 
and phrases of a sen- 
tence. It is to be used 



punotuation (conf.). 
only where it unfolds the 
sense. In case of doubt 

2. Insert after each 
adjective (except the last) 
preceding and qualifying 
a substantive, as *^ he was 
a cautious, eloquent, in- 
trepid, and wise man." 

{See also "and** or 
♦*, and/* or.) 

3. After the compli- 
mentary salutation at the 
beginning of an address, 
letter, or speech, as My 
Lord, Dear Sir, Ladies 
and Gentlemen, 

(In German, the note of 
exclamation (!) is mostly 
used in these cases.) 

4. An expression en- 
closed between two com- 
mas may usually be re- 
garded as parenthetical : 
there would be no break 
in the continuity, gram- 
matical connexion, or 
main sense, if the ex- 
pression and the two 
commas were omitted, 
as **The Government of 
Britain, called a mixed 
government and some- 
times a limited monarchy, 
is formed by a combina- 
tion ", etc. (commas equi- 
valent to parentheses). 
** Its effect is produced, 
not so much by what it 
expresses, as by what it 
suggests " (commas not 

5. It should precede 
e.g., i.e., etc., and con- 
clude the following clause, 
making the whole a paren- 

6. It separates each 
three consecutive figures 
from the right when five 
or more, except in math, 
work, as 10,135,792 (^see 
also lao of rupees). 

pTinctuation (cont). 

7. It should not precede 
nor follow the dash. 

8. It should not be used 
a/ler the number of a 
house in a street (as 51 
Fleet Street) ; nor after 
points following such 
abbreviations as e.g. (un- 
less the sense requires it). 

{See also «*and** or 

VIII, comma (single 
turned) (*) is used in 
the abbreviation of the 
Scotch *'Mac": as in 
M'Gregor, not the apos- 
trophe (see also quota- 
tion marks). 

crotchets, see IV. 

IX. dash (the em) ( — ) is 

1. W^here the con- 
struction of a sentence is 
changed or suspended, as 
** Heat expands bodies, 
cold contracts bodies — 
these are physical truths." 
'^ And all this long story 
w^as about — what do you 

2. It separates the 
heading at the commence- 
ment of a paragraph, 
called a side-heading, from 
the subject-matter follow- 
ing, as ^^ Extent and 
Boundaries. — On the 
north, Warwickshire." 

3. It separates the rep- 
etitions and different 
amplifications of the same 
statement, as " Cannot 
you, in England — cannot 
you, at this time of day 
— cannot you, a House 
of Commons, trust to the 
principle which has raised 
so mighty a revenue ? " 

4. Is sometimes used, 
as a kind of intensified 
pair of commas or paren- 
theses, before and after 
a parenthetical clause, 




punctuation (cottt.). 
as ''The ass of Buridan 
— held in suspense be- 
tween the equal attrac- 
tions of two bundles 
of hay — is an immortal 
illustration", etc. 

5. Is placed after the 
period which ends a quo- 
tation, and before the name 
of its author, as " One 
touch of nature makes 
the whole world kin." — 

6. In dictionaries, etc., 
to save space, it may 
represent the catchword, 
or some other word. 

7. Represents faltering, 
hesitating speech, and 
stammering: as "Well 
— I don't know — that 
is — no, I cannot accept 
it", "y— es", "n— o." 

A series of two or 
three points is preferred 
by some for this purpose. 

8. It is not to be preceded 
or followed by a comma. 

(See also VI, 3.) 

X. dash (the two-em) 

1. Is used where a 
sentence is interrupted, 
left unfinished, or ends 
quite unexpectedly, as 
" We cannot hope to 

succeed, unless But 

we must succeed." 

2. Denotes the omission 
of a word or part of a 
word which it is unde- 
sirable to print in full, as 

*'he called him a ," 

*^ Mr. Niemand said 
d ." 

(See also XII, XV.) 
difiBresis, see XV, i. 

XI. doubling of points 
should be avoided : — 

I. When an abbrevia- 
tion precedes a colon ; for 
instance, in the case of viz., 
i.e., ore.g., omit the colon. 

punctuation (cont.). 

2. A period may be 
placed before an apos- 
trophe, as Co.'s (for 
Company's), not Go's. 

XII. en rule (-) is used to 
specify a period by con- 
necting the two terminal 
dates, as 1900-3, not 
1900-03. [Use as few 
figures as suflSce.] (See 
also IX, XV.) 

XIII. extracts, to be punc- 
tuated exactly as in the 
original (see also quota- 

figures (see VII, 6 ; XXI, 

3, 4)- 

XIV. foot-notes, refer- 
ences to these to be out- 
st'de the point and double 
apostrophes, if any, as ''he 
made a serious error." ' 

fuU stop (see XXI). 

XV. hyphen (-) 

1. When one syllable of 
a word ends and the next 
begins with the same let- 
ter, the hyphen should be 
placed between them to 
show that they are to be 
pronounced separately, 
as co-operate, pre-emi- 
nent, re-establish, re- 
echo, shell-less, sword- 
dance. Tees-side. With 
two vowels the hyphen 
is preferable to the diae- 

2. It joins words and 
syllables intimately con- 
nected and open to mis- 
conception without it, 
as recover (to regain), 
re-cover (to cover again), 
recreation and re-crea- 
tion, remark and re-mark. 

3. It is used when a 
prefix is added to a pro- 
per name, as anti-Dar- 
winian, pre-Adamite, Pre- 

4. The use of the hyphen 
in such phrases as "The 


punctuation (cont). 
man was well known in 
the City", "He was a 
well-known man in the 
City ", must be decided by 
the exact shade of mean- 
ing required. 

5. Always to be in- 
serted if the word be 
more easily recognized, 
or misinterpretation be 
possible without it, as 
"a poor-rate collection ", 
" a poor rate-collection ", 
"a pickled herring-mer- 
chant", "a pickled-her- 
ring merchant ". 

6. Where two or more 
compound words have a 
common base, this latter 
may be represented in 
all but the last by a hy- 
phen, as "two-, three-, or 
fourfold ". 

7. Is used to join words 
that represent a single 
idea, as "a never- 
to-be-forgotten event", 
" peace-at-any-price prin- 
ciples", "a well-to-do 
family ". 

8. Is used to separate 
an unpleasing collocation 
of consonants, as Ross- 

9. (typ.) One should not 
end last line of page, or 
last line but one of para- 
graph, if avoidable. Hy- 
phens should not occur 
at the ends of three con- 
secutive lines. 

(See also oompass, 
division of words, and 
IX, X, XII). 

XVI. italic (typ.), punctua- 
tion marks at end of 
italicized words to be in 
roman unless evidently 
belonging to the italics. 

XVII. note of admira- 
tion, or exclamation (!) 

I. Is put after ex- 
clamatory words and 

punctuation (cont). 
phrases, as "O Jealousy, 
thou magnifier of all 
things I " interjections ; 
words or sentences ex- 
pressing absurdity, com- 
mand, contempt, strong 
emotion, enthusiasm, 

irony, a request, sorrow, 
surprise, a wish, wonder ; 
and any impressive or 
striking thought, as "The 
Angel of Death is abroad 
in the land : you may 
almost hear the beating 
of his wings ! " 

2. It should be placed 
at the end of the ex- 
clamatory word or phrase, 
whether this be at the 
beginning, middle, or end 
of the sentence, as " O 
Dido, Dido, most un- 
happy Dido ! Unhappy 
wife, still more unhappy 
widow ! " 

3. It is placed after 
sentences which, though 
apparently interrogative 
in form, are really exclam- 
atory, as "How could he 
have been so foolish I ", 
" Does Britannia rule the 
waves!", "Shall we never 
end this lamentable state 
of things ! " 

4. When a sentence 
contains more than one 
independent exclamation, 
it should be placed after 
each, as "Look, my 
Lord ! it comes ! Angels 
and ministers of grace, 
defend us ! " 

5. It is added to the 
names of plants, shrubs, 
etc., in botanical works 
to show that they are 
known from personal 

6. It should follow and 
not precede quotation 
marks, when it is not 
included in the sense of 



punctuation {cont). 
the quotation, as — What 
^vretched ** copy" ! 

7. It may be placed 
after the interjection O, 
or Oh, but not after the 
vocative O. 

8. In mathematics it is 
the factorial sign, as n ! 

9. To indicate greater 
intensity, double, and even 
treble, notes may be used. 

10. [!] in brackets, 
suggests amusement, dis- 
sent, surprise, or wonder, 
at the author's views. It 
is sometimes used to de- 
note rarity. 

11. It should not be 
followed by any other 
point, except quotation 

12. In Spanish it is 
also put (inverted) before 
an exclamation, as **i Ah, 
que desgracia ! " 

XVIII. note of interro- 
gation (?) 

1. Should follow each 
and every separate ques- 
tion, however short, if a 
separate answer to each 
be required, as " What is 
civilization ? Where is it ? 
In what does it consist ? 
By what is it excluded ? 
Where does it commence? 
Where does it end ? By 
what sign is it known ? 
How is it defined? In 

2. if the separate ques- 
tions need but a single 
answer, it is placed at 
the end only. 

3. The next word should 
generally begin with a 
capital letter. 

4. It is not used where 
no answer is required ; 
when the question is 
indirect ; where the 
sentence begins with 
*' Query " ; or when it is 


punctuation {cant.). 
only said that a question 
was asked, as "The judge 
then asked the witness if 
he believed the man to 
be guilty." 

5. With quotation marks 
it must beplaced according 
to the sense, as "Recall- 
ed out 'Why?'", "Why 
did he say * I do not 
know ' ? " 

6. [?] in brackets, 
added to a quotation by 
editors, expresses doubt 
or irony. 

7. It should not be fol- 
lowed by any other point, 
except quotation marks. 

8. It may be repeated 
for emphasis, as ?? 

9. In Spanish it is also 
put (inverted) before a 
question, as"iPorqu6?" 

10. In Greek the semi- 
colon is put after questions. 

XIX. open or easy punc- 
tuation, that which 
avoids all pointing not 
clearly required by the 
construction : that now 
prevailing in the best 
English usage, as 

"On the whole, while 
Pope's * Essay on Criti- 
cism ' may be readily al- 
lowed to be superior in 
execution, as it certainly 
is in compass, to any 
work of a similar nature 
in English poetry, it can 
hardly be said either to 
redeem the class of didac- 
tic poems on aesthetics 
from the neglect into 
which they have fallen, 
or to make us regret that 
the critical ability of our 
own day should prefer to 
follow the path marked 
out by Dryden when he 
chose to discourse of 
poetry in his own vigor- 
ous and flexible prose." 


punctuation (cont). 
XX.parentheses,() (typ.), 

1. An authority, def- 
inition, explanation (as 
in the drama), reference, 
or translation. 

2. In the report of a 
speech such interruptions 
by the audience as ap- 
plause, exclamations, 
laughter, remarks, etc. 

3. Interpolations and 
remarks made by the 
writer of the text himself 
(see also brackets IV). 

4. Reference letters or 
figures that divide and 
classify statements or 
arguments, as (i), (a). 

5. In bibliographic ref- 
erences, place of publica- 
tion and name of publisher. 

6. In foot-notes, the 
authority for a quotation. 

7. No stop is needed 
before or after a mere 
statement in parentheses 
which might be omitted 
without alteringthe mean- 
ing of the sentence. 

8. When only part of 
a sentence is within the 
parentheses, the point to 
be outside, as (). ; but 
when the full sentence is 
parenthetical it should be 
inside ( .). 

9. When the matter in 
parentheses ends with an 
abbreviation, put a point 
after the abbreviated 
word, and also outside 
the closing parenthesis, 
as (1331 B.C.). 

10. Where [] and () 
both occur see IV, 5. 

XXI. period, full point, 
or full stop ( . ) is used 
I. At the end of a 
complete sentence which 
does not close with a note 
of exclamation or of inter- 

punctuation (cont.). 

2. After abbreviations 
of English or foreign 
words or phrases, initials, 
numbering of paragraphs 
when not in parentheses, 
reman numerals (except 
when these refer to page 
numbers, are capitals, or 
another stop follows), and 
abbreviated signatures. 

3. Between figures of 
pounds, shillings, and 
pence, as ;^ii. 12s. 6d. : 
otherwise errors may 
arise if close-spaced, as 
;i^iii2s. 6d. It would be 
much better in every way 
to follow the former Eng. 
custom and to place 
the £ after the figures, as 
they are read, and as they 
are written in other lan- 
guages, or with other 
measurements, as 5 fr. 
50 c, I ton 2 cwt., 
11;^ r2s 6d, when no 
mistakes could arise, and 
no points would be needed 
(see also lac). 

4. Between figures re- 
presenting hours and min- 
utes; before the dash in 
side-headings (see IX, 2) ; 
and turned before deci- 
mal figures. 

5. If meaning equally 
clear it may be omitted 
from all half-titles, head- 
lines, running titles, sub- 
headings, title pages (but 
see VI, 5). 

6. Three periods (not 
asterisks) separated by em 
quads (en in narrow mea- 
sures) are suflScient to 
mark omissions in all 
cases. When the pre- 
ceding sentence has been 
brought to a close, four 
should be used; the first 
to be close up. 

(See also abbrevia- 
tions, quotations.) 



punctuation {cont). 
XXII. semicolon ( ; ) 

1. Separates those parts 
of a sentence between 
which there is a more 
distinct break than after 
a comma, but which are 
too intimately connected 
to be made separate 
sentences, as " Divide 
and command, a wise 
maxim ; unite and guide, 
a better." — Goethe {see 
also VI, i). 

2. In Greek the semi- 
colon is equivalent to the 
English note of interroga- 
tion (?). 

punctus (Lat.), a point ; //. 

pundit/* (Ang.-Ind.), a 
learned Brahmin, not 
pan- ; /em. -a. 
Punjab, India, not -aub, 
Panjab, Penjab. 

Punjabi, Punjab inhabit- 
ant, or dialect, not -bee. 

punkah (Ang.-Ind.), a 
large fan, not -a. 

Punkt ;,Ger. typ. m.), point, 
dot, a full stop (cap.) ; 
or punctuate; Pttnkiie- 
rung (f.), punctuation. 

punteggiatura (It.), punc- 

panto e virgola (It.), semi- 

pup/a (entom.), pi. -89. 


-pur (Ind.), a city, as Nag- 
pur, not -pore, -poor, 

Purcell (Henry), 1658- 
95, composer. 

Purchas (Samuel), 1577- 
1626, writer. 

purchasable, not -cable. 

purie] {Fr. f.), a thick soup ; 
— de pots, pea soup. 

pur et simple (Fr.), un- 

purgatory (not cap."). 

Puritan/, -ism (cap.). 


Purkinje (J. E.), 1787- 
1869, physiologist, not -je. 
Purleigh, Essex. 
Purley, Berks, Surrey, 
purlieu/, the surroundings 

of a place ; pi. -s. 
purpose/, -ful, -less, -ly. 
pujTP, as a cat, not pur. 
purslane (bot.), not -lain. 
P.U.S., Pharmacopoeia of 

the United States. 
Pushto, Afghan language, 

not -00, -u, pukhtu. 
put down (typ.), to alter 
from caps, to lower-case. 
Putnam's (G. P.) Sons, 
publishers. New York and 
London (apos.). 
putrefy, not -ify. 
putrescible, liable to pu- 
putt (golf), to play with a 

putter, not put. 
put up (typ.), to alter from 

lower-case to caps. 
Puy-de-Ddme, dep. Fr. 

(hyphens, two caps.). 
p.V., post village, priest 

P.V.O., Principal Veterin- 
ary Officer. 
p.v.t (Fr.), par vote tele- 
graphique (by telegraph). 
P. W.D., Public Works De- 
pwi;., pennyweight, use 

P.X., please exchange. 
pyaemia, etc., not pye-, 
Py© (typ.)> «5<?pie. 
pyebald, use pie-, 
pygmy, a dwarf, not pi-. 
pyjamas, not the many 

pyramid, a billiard game, 

not -ids. 
Pyr6n6es/ (Basses-) ; 

Hautes ; — Orien- 

tales, deps. France. 
P^tchley Hunt (the); 

proH. plch'16. 
Pyx (trial of the), notVin, 





Q. — QU AIM'S 


Q., quart, queen, question, 
the sixteenth in a series, 
all proper names with this 

Q (chess), queen (no point). 

q., query, .quintal, quire, 

' -s, (naut.) squalls. 

q. (Lat.), quxre (inquire). 

Q.A.B., Queen Anne's 

Qaisar-i-Hind (Ang.- 
Ind.)(the Caesar of India), 
Indian title of English 

Q.B.*, Queen's Bench. 

Q.C., Queen's, or Queens', 
College, — Counsel. 

q.d.*, quasi dicat (as if one 
should say), quasi dictum 
(as if said). 

g.e.*, quod est (which is) ; 
Q.E.D.*, quod erat de- 
monstrandum (which was 
to be demonstrated) ; 

Q.E.F.*, faciendum 

(ditto done) ; Q.E.I.*, — 
— inveniendum, (ditto 
found out). 

Q.H.P., Queen's Honorary 

q. I. *, quantum libet (as much 
as you please). 

^Momofl^o (by what means) ; 
Q.Mess., Queen's Mes- 
senger ; Q.M.G.*, Quar- 
termaster - General ; 
Q.M.S., Quartermaster- 
Serjeant.*, quantum placet (as 
much as seems good). 

qq. v., quss vide (which see : 
refers to plural). 

qr., quarter, -s (28 lb.), 
quire, -s. 

Q.S., quarter-sessions. 

gf.s.*, quantum sufficit (a suf- 
ficient quantity). 

qt.*, quantity, quart, -s. 

qu., question. 

qua (Lat.), in the character 
of, not -a, -a. 

Quaade, a chess opening. 

quad * (colloq.), quad- 
rangle ; (typ.) a quadrat, 
to insert quadrats ; 
quadded, quadding ; 
abbr. of quadruple, a 
printing paper four times 
the size of the name fol- 
lowing, as quad crown 
40 X30 in. (no point). 

quad., quadrant. 

day in Lent. 

quadrat* (typ.), a piece of 
metal lower than type, 
used for spacing; usual 
sizes en, em, 2, 3, and 
4 ems ; abbr. quad (no 

quadrenn/ium*, a period 
of four years ; -ial*, not 

quadruple (paper), abbr. 
quad (no point) which 

quaere* (Lat.), inquire ; 
abbr. q, 

quasritur (Lat.), it is asked. 

quaesitlum* (Lat.), some- 
thing sought ; pi. -a*. 

quasstlol vexatja (Lat.), 
an unsolved problem, pi. 
-nes -«. 

qusBStor *, Rom. antiq. 
{see a/50 que-). 

quae vide {Lat.), which see : 
refers to pi. ; abbr. qq. v. 

qua! (Fr. m.), quay, rail- 
way platform. 

quaich*, Scots drinking 
vessel, not -gh. 

Quai d*Orsay, Paris, the 
Fr. " Downing Street." 

Quains, Norw. for Finns. 



quale* (Lat.), the quality 
of a thing. 

out delay; — proxime, 
as nearly as possible. 

quand meme (Fr.), not- 

quantiti nSgllgeable 
(Fr. f.), insignificant item. 

quantity, abbr. qt.* 

quantlum* (Lat.), a con- 
crete quantity, pi. -a*; 
quanta ml llbeU as much 
as you please, abbr. q.l.*; 
— meni/^, as much as he, 
or she, deserved ; — p/a- 
cet, as much as seems 
good, abbr. q.pL * ; — suf- 
flcit*, as much as suflBces, 
abbr. q.s,, or quant 
SUff. * ; — valeat, what- 
ever it may be worth ; — 
valebat, as much as it was 
worth ; — vis, as much 
as you will, abbr. q.v.* 

Qu*AppeUe (Bp. of). 

quarl*, a large brick, not 

quarrel/ ♦, -led *, -ler * 
(«o/-lor),-ling*, -some*. 

quart/, -s, abbr. Q., or qt.* 

quart/, -e (fencing), use 

quart., quarterly. 

Quart (Ger. n.), quarto 

quarter/, -s, abbr. qr.* 

quarter-binding*, the 
back only of leather. 

quarter/ -day *, deck* 


Quartermaster/ * (one 
word), abbr. Q.M.* ; — 
-General*, abbr. 

Q.M.G.* ; Seijeant, 

abbr. Q.M.S. (hyphen, 

quarter-plate* (photog.), 

4'/4 X 3V4 in. 
quarter - sessions* (not 

caps., hyphen); abbr.Q.S. 
quartet*, not -ette, -etto. 
quartierj (Fr. cook, m.), 

quarter ; — d'agneau, — 

of Iamb ; (mil.) quarHer- 
gin&ral, head-quarters. 

quarto/*, a size of book in 
which the leaf is one- 
fourth of a given size of 
paper ; pi. -s, abbr. 4to 
(no point) (for sizes see 
books, paper). 

quas (Russ.), rye beer, 
use kvass*. 

quasi*, in a certain sense 
(not ital.) ; abbr. <jr,* 

quasi] dicat (Lat.), as if 
one should say, abbr. 
q.d,* ; — dictum, as if 
said, abbr. q.d,*; — dix- 
isset, as if he had said. 

Quasimodo, first Sunday 
after Easter (one word, 

quass (Russ.), rye beer, 
use Icvass*. 

quater- cousin, use ca- 

Quatre-Bras (battle of), 

quatrefoil*, an ornament, 
not quater-, quarter-. 

Quattrocento *, the early 
Renaissance period of art, 
from 140 1 -1500. 

quay *, not key. 

Que., Quebec. 

queen, abbr. Q. ; (chess, no 

Queen Anne's Bounty* 
(apos.) ; abbr. Q.A.B. 

Queenborough, Sheer- 
ness {see also Queens-). 

queen note, a writing 

paper 5^8 X3V2 in- 
Queensberry (Marquess 

Queensborough, Drog- 

heda {see also Queenb-). 
Queensbury, Bradford. 
Queen's College, Oxford, 

London, Belfast, Cork, 

Galway (named after one 

Queens* College, Camb. 

(named after two queens). 
Queen's Counsel, abbr. 




Queen's County, Ireland. 

Queen's Ferry, Flint. 

Queensferry, Fife, Lin- 

Queensl., Queensland. 

Que faire? (Fr.), What is 
to be done ? 

Quelle affaire! (Fr. f.), 
What a to-do ! 

quelque chose (Fr. m.), 
something, a trifle. 

Quel temps] faU'U? (Fr.), 
What is the weather like? 
ilfait! What wea- 
ther this is ! 

quenelle* (Fr. cook, f.), 
a force-meat ball. 

" Quen tin Durward ", by 
Sir W. Scott, 1823. 

query*, abbr. q., qy.*, or ? 

Quesnay (Fran9ois), 
1 694- 1 7 74, Fr. econ. 

question, abbr. Q., or qu. 

questor*, R.C.C., or Fr. 
Assembly {see also qu8B-). 

Quetelet (L. A. J.), 1796- 
1874, Belgian math. 

Quetta, Baluchistan. 

queue*, persons in line, 
not cue. 

queue! * (Fr. f.), tail ; — de 
boeuf, ox-tail ; faire — , 
to stand in a row. 

Q.U.I., Queen's University 
of Ireland. 

quick/lime*, -sand*, 
-s-^t*, -silver* (one 

quid* (Lat.), that which a 
thing is. 

quidatn *, an unknown per- 
son, pi. same ; quid faci- 
endum? what is to be 
done? quidnunc*, a 
gossip ; quid pro quo*, 
something in return, an 

^QuiSnsabe? (Sp.),Who 
knows? (turned interrog. 
before, unturned after.) 

quiet/*, -ed*, -ing*, not 

quietus *, a settlement (not 

1863-, writer (hyphen). 

Qu*importe ? (Fr.), What 
does it matter? Que 
m*importe? What is 
that to me ? 

quincentenary*, five- 
hundredth anniversary 
(one word). 

quincunx/ *, five arranged 
as on dice ; pi. -es. 

Quinet (Edgar), 1803-75, 
Fr. writer. 

quinine*, not -in, pron. 

Quinquagesima*, the 
Sunday before Lent. 

quinquenni/um*, a five- 
j'ear period ; pi. -a*. 

quinsy*, tonsillitis, not -cy, 
-sey, -zy. 

quintjal* (Fr.m.), too kilos, 
220^/a lb., 1*968 cwt., not 
kentle, kintal ; pi. -aux, 
abbr. q. 

quintet* (mus.), not -ette. 


gi/ipil* (Peru), the language 
of knotted cords, not -po, 
-ppo, -ppu. 

quire*, part of a church, 
or church singers, use 
choir* ; — (typ.), the 
twentieth part of a ream : 
24 sheets and one ''out- 
side" making 25 ; abbr. 
s. and pi. q. A set of 
all the sheets required to 
make one complete book ; 
quired paper, reams 
folded in quires, not flat ; 
quires (typ.), books in 
sheets are said to be "in 

Qui s*excuse s*accuse 
(Fr.), to excuse oneself 
is to accuse oneself. . 

quisque (Lat.), every one. 

quit/*, -ted, -ter* {not 
-tor), -ting*. 

Qui va Ik? (Fr.), Who 
goes there ? 

qui vive* (on the), on 
the alert (not ital.). 



quixotic* (not cap.). 

quiz/*, -zed, -zer*, 

quoad I *{Lat.), as far as ; — 
hoc*, to this extent; — 
sacra*, as far as sacred 
matters ; — ultra, as re- 
gards the past. 

quod erai detnoastran- 
dum, etc., see Q.E.D. 

quod est (Lat.), which is ; 
abbr. q.e. 


quod vide (Lat.), which 
see (sing.) ; abbr. q.v. 

quoique (Fr.), although. 

quoi que (Fr.), whatever. 

quoits*, a game, not coits. 

quomodo* (Lat.), by what 
means ; abbr. qin. 

quondam*, formerly (not 

quorum/*,/*/, -b (not ital.). 

quota/ *, a share ; pi. -s. 

quotation marks (typ.), 
in English, two turned 
commas at the beginning 
and two apostrophes at 
the end ; abbr. quotes. 
The apostrophes at the 
end of the quotation 
should come before all 
punctuation marks, when 
these form no part of the 
quotation itself. Quotes 
are to be used when citing 
Titles of Articles in 
magazines, Books, Chap- 
ters of books. Essays, 
Magazines, Newspapers, 
Oratorios, Periodicals, 
Pictures, Plays, Poems, 
Reviews, Sculptures, 

Songs, and Ships ; and for 
theiVaw^s of Hotels, Inns, 
and Taverns, where these 
words are not in the 

They are not to be 
used for the titles of the 
books of the Bible ; where 
the substance only of an 
extract is given; or where 
the tense or person has 

been altered (see also 
authorities, punctua- 
tion, XIV). 

quotations, all extracts in 
the exact words of the 
original, if set in the text 
type, to have double 
turned commas at the 
commencement, and at the 
beginning of each para- 
graph {not each line) ; 
and double apostrophes 
at the end of the quota- 
tion only. The first turned 
commas usually to be pre- 
ceded by a colon. 

If the extract be set 
in two sizes less than the 
text type (it should not 
be smaller), quotation 
marks are not required, 
except in conversational 
matter. A full blank line 
both before and after adds 
importance and em- 

Punctuation of the ex- 
tract to be exactly as in 
the original. The con- 
cluding point to be out- 
side the last quotation 
mark if not in the original 
{see also ellipsis). 

quotations within quo- 
tations to have single 
quotation marks only with- 
in the double. " The more 
conspicuous mark to the 
more inclusive quotation" 
(Henry Bradley). Quota- 
tions within the single 
quotation, to be double- 

quote (typ.), to enclose 
within quotation marks. 

quotes (typ.), quotation 

quousque{Lat.), how long ? 

Quran, use Koran*. 

q.v., quantum vis (as much 
as you will), quod vide 
(which see : refers to 

qy.*, query. 








R., Rabbi, Radical, radius 
(of a circle), railway, 
recto, rector, republican, 
river, rouble, Royal, all 
proper names with this 
initial, the seventeenth in 
a series, (Lat.) regtna 
(queen), respublica (com- 
monwealth), rex (king), 
(naut.) run (deserted), 
(theat.) right (from actors 
point of view),(thermom.) 
Reaumur, (typ.) runic. 

E. (chess), rook (no point). 

r., rare, residence, resides, 
rises, rod, (naut.) rain. 

r (math.), radius vector of 

3^ (magnet.), reluctance. 

p (Gr.) (math.), radius of cur- 

■R", rupee (no point). 

Bi, recipe (take). 

]^ *, response (to a versicle). 

E,° (math.), radius of a circle 
in degrees of arc ; B.', ditto 
in minutes of arc ; E,", 
ditto in seconds of arc. 

R.A., Rear-Admiral, Ref- 
erees' Association, Royal 
Academy, — -ician, — 
Artillery, (astr.) right as- 

B.A.A., Royal Academy 
of Arts. 

rabat (Fr. dress, m.), 
"bands" of a priest, etc., rabbinical. 

rabbet/*, joint in wood- 
work ; -ed*, -ing* {see 
also rabbit, rebate). 

Rabbi/*, Jewish title of 
respect ; pi. -s *, abbr. R. 

rabbit/*, a rodent ; -er*, 
-ing * ; warren (hy- 
phen) {see also rabbet, 

rabdomanoy, use rhab-*. 

Rabelais (Pran9ois), 
1483-1553, Fr. writer. 

rabscallion, use rap-*. 

R.A.C., Royal Agricultural 

raccoon, use racoon*. 

Tacje*, -y*. 

race/- course*, — horse* 

rach/is* (bot., zool.), pL 
-ides *, not rh-. 

rack, a seaweed, use WT- *. 

racket/*, «o/ racquet ; -y *. 

raconteur* (not ital.). 

racoon*, mo/ race-. 

racquet, use racket*. 

rad., radix (root). 

Radcliffe (Ann), 1764- 
1823, writer ; — (John), 
1650-17 14, physician ; — 
College, Mass., U.S.A. ; 
— Camera, Injarmary, 
Library, and Observ- 
atory, Oxford ; — Cooke 
(C.W.), M.P., writer 
{see also Rat-). 

radian/*, unit of angular 
measurement; pi. -s. 

radiator*, not -er. 

Radical, abbr. R. 

radical* (chem.), not -cle. 

radicle * (botany). 

radiography *, rontgen- 
ray photography. 

rad/ius*, abbr.R., pi. -ii*. 

rad/ius vect/or, pi. -ii, 

rad/ix*, a root,/*/, -ices*; 
abbr, rad. 

Rae( John), 1813-93, Arctic 
traveller;— ("W.Fraser), 
1835-1905, writer ; pron. 
ray {see also Ray, Reay). 

Raebum (Sir Henry), 
1756-1823, painter. 

Rafleisen Credit Banks. 

rafraicblssements (Fr. 
m. pi.), cooling drinks, 
fruit, etc. 



BAG — B.A.O.B. 

rag/*, -ged* -ging*. 
E.A.a.C., Royal and An- 

tient Golf Club, St. 

ragout *, a rich meat stew; 

in Fr. m. 'tit. 
Bai Bareli, Oudh, not 

Ray Bareilly. 
raie (Fr. f.), skate (fish). 
raifort (Fr. m.), horse- 

Baikes (Bobert), 1735- 

i8i I, originator of Sunday 

rail/road*, -way* (one 

word) ; abbr. B. 
rain/*, abbr. r. ; -bow* 

(one word). 
Baineliffe (Viscount), 
rain/drop*, -fall* (one 

word); -water* (hy- 
raison] de plus (Fr.), 

all ^the more reason ; — 

d*Etatf a reason of State ; 

— <Petre*, a cause of 

raisoanjS* (Tr.),fem. -ie, 

reasoned out ; cata" 

logtte — *, explanatory 

catalogue (ital.). 
Bajah.*, Indian title, more 

corr*rf/y Baja*. 
Bajon (P. A.), 1842-88, 

Bajpoot/*, -ana, not -put. 
Bajshahi, Bengal, not 

r^e/*, lung sound ; pi. -s. 
Balegh (Sir Walter), 

1552-1618 ; -eigh tisual 

buterron. (D.N.B.). 
Baleigh (Cecil), dram- 
atist ;~ (Prof. Walter), 

writer ; pron. raw'lie, or 

ral'6 {see also Bayleigh). 
Balfs (John), 1807-90, 

Balphy usual pron. raf; in 

Amer. ralf. 
B.A.M., Royal Academy 

of Music (London). 
ram/*, -med*, -ming*. 
Bamadan* (Fast of), 

also ninth Mohammedan 
month, not -dhan, -zan. 
Bambouillet, dep. Seine- 

B.A.M.C., Royal Army 

Medical Corps. 
ramcbuddar, Ind. shawl. 
rame (Fr. typ. f.), ream, 
ramekin*, a cheese-cake, 

not -quin. 
ramier (Fr. m.), wood- 
Bamillies (battle of), 

Bampur, Central India. 
Bamsay (Allan), 1686- 
1758, Scots poet ; ditto, 
1713-84, painter; — 
(E. B., Dean), 1793- 
1872 ; — (Sir William), 
1852-, chemist. 
ram/us * (Lat.), a branch ; 

pi. -i*. 
ranch* (U.S.A.), a farm, 

not -che. 
rancberjo* (Sp.), /em. -a, 

a small farmer, 
ran/cour, but -corous. 
Randj (Ger. typ. m.), the 
margin ; — bemerkung 
(f.), marginal note (cap.). 
Bandolph-Macon Col- 
lege, Virginia. 
Randvermerk (Ger. m.), 
marginal note, also Mar' 
ranee*, Indian queen, not 

-i, -y, -ny, rannee. 
Bangoon, not -un. 
Banjit Singh, 1780-1839, 
founder of Sikh kingdom. 
Banjitsinhji (Kumar 

Shri), 187a-, cricketer. 
Banke (L. von), 1795- 

1886, Ger. historian, 
ranks, see compound 

rann/ee, -y, use ranee*, 
ranunculus/*, pi. -es*. 
raaZ'deS'Vacbes*, Swiss 

B.A.O.B., Royal Ante- 
diluvian Orderof Buffaloes. 

RAP — RE- 

rap/*, -ped*, -ping*. 

Raphael/*, 1483- 1520, 
painter ; in Italian 
RafTaello*; -esque*. 

raph/ides* (bot., zool.), 

sing. -is*. 
Rappahannock, river, 

rappee*, a coarse snufif. 
rapport (en)* (Fr. m.), in 

harmony, in keeping 

' rapprochement* (Fr. m.), 

a coming together, 
rapscallion*, not rab-. 
rarla avjis (Lat.), a 

prodigy ; pi. -as -es, 
rare, abbr. r. 
rarefaction*, not -efica- 

rarefy*, not rari-. 
Rarey (John S.), 1828- 

66, horse-tamer. 
rarifaction, use rare- *. 
rarity, use rare-*, 
rarity*, not -ety. 
R.A.S., Royal Agricultural, 

Asiatic, or Astronomical 

Rasalas (astr.), star in 

rase, to destroy, «5^raze*. 

(the), by Beethoven. 
"RasselaV* by S. John- 
son, 1759. 
rat/*, -ting*. 
rata (Lat. ) , individual share ; 

pro — , in proportion, 
rat/able, use -eable *. 
ratafia*, a cordial, cake, 

or cherry, not -ifia, -ifie, 
ratan, use rattan*, 
ratany (bot.), use rh.'*. 
Ratcliff Highway, not 

-e, now St. George Street 

{see also Rad-). 
rateable*, «o/ ratable. 
rate-payer* (hyphen). 
Ratbaus (Ger. n.), town- 
hall (cap., one h), 
ratio *, pi. -s. 
rationale*, a theoretical 

explanation (not ital.). 

rationalize*, wo/-ise. 

ratline* (naut.), the lad- 
der-rope on the shrouds, 
not -in, -ing. 

rattan*, a cane, not ratan. 

ratten*, to molest. 

rattlesnake * (one word). 

Raumer (F. L. G. von), 
1781-1873, Ger. historian ; 
— (R. von), 1815-76, 
philologist {see also 

ravel/*, -led*, -ling*. 

Rawal Pindi, Punjab, 
not Rawul — . 

Ray (John), 1627-1705, 
naturalist, spelt Wray till 
1670(5^^ a/50 Rae,Reay). 

Rayleigh (Baron), 1842-, 
physicist ; pron. ray'16 
{see also Raleigh). 

I *, to destroy, not rase. 

rubidium ; R.B.A., 

Royal (Society of) British 

R.C.*, Roman Catholic; 
r.-C. , right centre; 
R.C.C., Roman Catholic 
Church ; R.C.M., Royal 
College of Music (Lon- 
don) ; R.C.Q., ditto Or- 
ganists ; R.C.P., ditto 
Physicians, ditto Precep- 
tors ; R.C.S., ditto Sur- 
geons ; R.C.V.S., ditto 
Veterinary Surgeons. 

R.D., Royal Dragoons, 
Rural Dean ; Rd., road ; 
R.D.S., Royal Dublin 

R.D.Y., Royal Dockyard. 

Re (//) (It.), the King (no 

R.!B., Reformed Episcopal, 
Right Excellent, Royal 
Engineers, — Exchange, 
— Society of Painter- 
Etchers and Engravers ; 
re (Lat.), with regard to. 

re- (the prefix), when fol- 
lowed by e and separately 
sounded to have hyphen, 
as re-echo. 
333 21 • 


react*, etc. (one word). 

Bead (Sir W. V.), 1839- 
{see also Keade, Rede, 
Heed, Reid). 

readdre8S* (one word). 

Reade(Charles), 1814-84, 
writer ; — (Rev. Comp- 
ton), 1834-, writer ; — 
(Sir G. C), 1845- {see 
also Read, Rede, Reed, 

reader* (typ.), a corrector 
of the press, a copy- 
holder, also one who 
reports on MSS. to a pub- 
lisher (Lc). Auniversity 
teacher or lecturer (cap.). 

readers* marks, see proof 
correction marks. 

reading for press (typ.), 
the final reading before 

reading-room (hyphen). 

readjoum*, readjust*, 
readmission*, read- 
mit/*, -ted*, -ting* 
(one word). 

ready-made* (hyphen). 

reafPorest*, reagent* 
(one word). 

reaU Port, coin ; pi. rels. 

real] *, Sp. coin ; pi. -es. 

realiz/e*, -able*, «o/ -ise. 

ream of paper, 20 quires, 
or 480 sheets ; abbr. rm. ; 
** perfect ** ream of 
printing paper, 5 16 sheets; 
ream of envelope 
paper, 504 sheets ; **in- 
sides,** whether good or 
retree, 480 sheets ; 
•* mill ** ream, 480 
sheets, 18 " good " quires, 
and 2 quires "outsides" ; 
** news ** ream, 500 
sheets ; printers* 

ream*, 516 sheets. 

reanimate*, reappear*, 
reappoint* (one word). 

Rear- Admiral*, abbr. 
R.A. (hyphen, caps.). 

rear-guard* (hyphen). 

rearm* (one word). 

rearmouse*, «o/rere-, reer-. 

re-arrange* (hyphen;. 

rearward*, «o/rere-. 

reassemble*, reassert/*, 
-ed, -ing * (one word). 

reassure* (one word). 

Reaumur (R. A. F. de), 
1683-1757, inventor of 
thermom. scale ; the scale 
itself, abbr.R.,orR6aum. 
(see also Raumer). 

reaver *, a robber, noi rei-. 

reawake*, etc. (one word). 

Reay (Baron) ; — 
(Samuel), 1828-, com- 
poser ; pron. ray {see also 
Rae, Ray). 

rebaptize*, noi -ise (one 

rebate*, to reduce, a re- 
duction, also a hard free- 
stone {see also rabbet). 

rebel/*, -led*, -ling*. 

rebound*, to bound back 
(one word). 

re-bound (bookbinding) 

rebus/ *, a puzzle ; pi. -es. 

rebut/*, -ted, -ting*. 

rec, receipt, recipe, re- 
cord, -ed, -er. 

recall*, in Scots law recal. 

Recamier (Madame), 
1777-1849, leader of Fr, 

recast* (one word). 

reed., received. 

receipt, abbr. rec. 

receivable*, not -cable. 

r^chaufPS*, re- warmed 
meat (not ital.). 

recbercbe{Fr. f.), research. 

recherch/6* (adj.), /em. 
-6e, choice (not ital,). 

recidivist*, one who habi- 
tually relapses into crime. 

recipe/*,/*/, -s, abbr. rec. ; 
— mark (typ.), ^. 

rSclame* (Fr. f.),' notoriety 
by advertisement; (journ.) 
editorial announcement ; 
(typ.) catchword, prima. 

Reclus (J. J. £.), 1830- 
1905, Fr. geographer, not 



reooal* (one word). 

recognize*, Ko/-ise. 

recommit/*, -ted, -ting. 

recompense* (n. and v.), 
not -ce. 

recompose* (one word). 

reconcilable*, not -cable. 

reconciler*, not -or. 

reconnaissance *, not 
reconnoi- (not ital.). 

reconnoitre*, not -er. 

reconsider* (one word). 

recoup*, to recompense. 

re-cover*, to cover again 

re-creat/e *, to create again; 
-or, not -er (hyphen). 

rect., rectified. 

rectif/y*, -ied*, -ier*, 

recto* (typ.), the right- 
hand page of an open 
book, usually having the 
odd page numbers ; re- 
ferred to in bibliography 
as* (superior letter) ; abbr. 
R., or ro (not ital.). 

rector, abbr. R. 

rect/um * (anat.), pi. -a. 

rect/us*(anat. ),/)/. -i*. 

refU (Fr. m.), a receipt. 

recueH* (Fr. m.), a literary 

reculer pour mieux 
sauter (Fr.), to wait for 
a better opportunity. 

recur/*, -red*, -ring*. 

recut*, to cut again (one 

r6dact\eur* (Fr.), editor; 
fern, -rice, 

redaction (Fr. f.), editing, 
editorial department. 

Redakteur(Gcr.m.), editor 

Redboum, St. Albans. 

Redboume, Lines. 

redbreast* (robin), the 
bird (two words). 

redecorate* (one word). 

Rede Lecture, Camb. 
Univ. {see also Read, 
Reade, Reed, Reid). 

redeliver* (one word). 

redemand* (one word). 

Redemptionists*, an or- 
der of monks devoted to 
the redemption of Chris- 
tian captives from slavery. 

Redemptorists *, Liguor- 

**Redgauntlet,»» by Sir W. 
Scott, 1824 (one word). 

red-hot* (hyphen). 

red lead* (two words). 

red-letter day* (one hy- 

redoubt* (fort.), not -out. 

redoubtable *. 

redress*, to dress again 
(one word). 

red-tap/e*, -ism*, -ist* 

reducible*, not -cable. 

reductio adj absurdum 
(Lat.), an obviously ab- 
surd conclusion ; — — 
impossibile, an im- 
possible conclusion. 

red-'water*, cattle disease 

re-dye *, to dye again (hy- 

re-echo (hyphen). 

Reed (Alfred German), 
1847-95, actor; — (Sir 
Andrew), 1837- ; — (Sir 
Charles) & Sons, type- 
founders, London ; — (Sir 
E. J.), 1830-, naval de- 
signer ; — (E. T.), i860-, 
"Punch" artist; — 
(Talbot Raines), 1852- 
93, writer of boys' books 
{see also Read, Reade, 
Rede, Reid). 

Reekie (Auld), Old 
Smoky, that is Edinburgh. 

re/-eleot* -embark* {not 
reim-), -enact *, -en- 
force* (to enforce again), 
-enslave*, -enter*, -en- 
throne *, -establi sh *, 
-exchange*, -exhibit* 

Ref., the Reformation. 

ref., referee, referred, refer- 
ence, reformed, -er. 



refait (Fr. m.), a drawn 
game ; new horns or 

Ref.Ch., Reformed Church. 

refer/ *, -able *, -rer *, 

rafer/ee,-red, -ence, abbr. 

reference marks (typ.), 
signs used to direct the 
reader from the text to a 
note. They are used in 
the following order * + J 
§ II U, and then repeated 
in duplicate as ** etc. {see 
also foot-notes). 

referend/um*, the right of 
the people to decide on 
certain laws, etc. ; pi. -a. 

refer/rible, use -able *. 

refill * (one word). 

refit/*, -ted, -ting *. 

refl., reflection, -ive, -ively, 
reflex, -ive, -ively. 

reflectible *, not -able. 

refiector *, not -er. 

reflection*, «o/-xion, abbr. 
refl. ; in Fr. f. rS flexion. 

Reformation (the) (cap.); 
abbr. Ref. 

Reform Bills, 1832, 1867, 

reform/ed, -er, abbr. ref. 

refractor *, a telescope. 

refrangible *. 

Reg., Regent, regina 

reg., register, -trar, -try, 
regular, -ly. 

regalia, is plural. 

regd., registered. 

regenerator *. 

Regent, abbr. Reg. 

Regent's Park, London 

Reg.-Gen., Registrar-Gen- 

Rigie, governmental con- 
trol of articles paying duty 
in Aust., Fr., It.,Sp.,Turk. 

regime * (not itaL) ; in Fr. 
m. r6-, 

regimen/, pi. -s (not itaL). 

regiment, abbr. regt. 

regiaa(La.t.), queen ; abbr. 
R., or Reg. 

register* (binding), abook- 
marker ; (typ.) when 
pages, columns, and lines 
are truly square, and back 
one another precisely on 
the paper, or when two or 
more colours meet without 
overlapping, they are said 
to be " i« register," other- 
wise ^^ottt of register." 
The list of signatures 
printed at the end of old 
books. Abbr. reg. 

registered, abbr. regd. 

registrable, not -erable. 

registrar/, -y, abbr. reg. 

Registrar- General (hy- 
phen, caps.) ; abbr. Reg.- 

regium donum (Lat.), a 
royal grant. 

Regius Professor, abbr. 
Reg. Prof. 

regie (Fr. f.), a rule. 

regis (Fr.), settled. 

reglet * (typ.), a thin strip of 
wood used to make blanks 
between lines of type. 

"Rdgne Animal (Le)/* 
by Cuvier, 181 7. 

regnjum (Lat.), a kingdom, 
or badge of royalty ; pi. -a. 

Reg. Prof., Regius Pro- 

regrater *, not -or. 

regret/*, -ful*, -fully*, 
-table *, -tably *, -ted », 

regt., regiment. 

reguija (Lat), a book of 
rules ; pi. -as. 

regular/, -ly, abbr. reg. 

regulator *, not -er. 

Reichs/anstalt, Ger. ofi". 
laboratory ; "-anzeiger,'* 
Ger.Imp.Gazette ; -kanz- 
ler, Ger. and Aus. Imp. 
Chancellor ; -rat, the 
legislative body in the 
Cis-leithan division of 
Austria-Hungary j -tag, 
Ger. legislative body (cap.). 



Reid (Andrew), 1848-, 
writer ; — (Sir A. J. F.), 
1846- ; — (Sir George), 
1841-, Sc. painter ; — 
(Rt. Hon. G.H.), 1845- ; 

— (Sir H. Gilzean), 
1 838-, writer; — (Sir 
H. V. R.), 1845- ; — 
(Sir James), 1849-, 
M.D.; — (Sir J. "W.), 
i823-,M.D.;— (Captain 
Mayne), 1818-83, 
writer ; — (Thomas), 
1710-96, metaphysician; 

— (Sir T. Wemyss), 
1843-1905, writer ; — 
(Whitelaw), 1837-, 
Amer. politician (see also 
Read, Reade, Rede, 

Reikiavik,«5(j Reykj-. 

reimbark, use re-em- *. 

reimburse * (one word). 

r6impression (Fr. f.), a 

Reims, Fr., not Rh-. 

reine-Claude (Fr. f.), 
greengage ; pi. reines-. 

reinforce/*, -ment * 

(mil.), not reen-. 

reinstate* (one word). 

re/s *, /(/.of rea/,aPort.coin. 

Rels Bffendi* (Turk.), title 
of former Secretary of 
State for foreign affairs. 

reissue*, see title pages. 

reiteration* (typ.), the 
printingof the second side 
of a sheet ; abbr. reit. 

reiver, a robber, use rea-*. 

Rejane (G. R6ju), 185 7-, 

rel., relative, -ly, religion, 
religious, reliquias (relics). 

reliche (Fr. m.), respite, 
rest ; (theat.) no perform- 
ance ; (f.) a port, harbour. 

relaps/e*, -able*. 

relat/er*, in law -or*. 

relation*, connexion by 
blood or marriage, not 

relative/*, -ly*, abbr. rel. 
{see also relation). 


releaser*,one who releases. 

releasor* (law), one who 
grants a release. 

re-let/*, -ting* (hyphen). 

relevjS (Fr.), /em. -Se, 
exalted, noble ; (cook.), 
highly-seasoned, (the) re- 
move, not re-. 

relic*, not -ique. 

relief-printing * (typ.), 
letttfrpress or block print- 
ing, not litho or plate. 

re//e«/r(Fr.m.), bookbinder. 

relievo*, use rilievo, 

religieuse] * (Fr. f.), a nuh ; 
pi. -s. 

retigieux * (Fr. m.), a monk ; 
pi. same. 

relig/ion*, -ious*, abbr. 

religious/ denomina- 
tions (typ.), as Moham- 
medan, Protestant, to 
have caps. ; — marks, see 
ecclesiastical signs. 

relique, use relic*. 

reliquias* (Lat.), relics, is 
plural; abbr. rel. 

reliure (Fr. f.), binding. 

rel/y*, not -ie; -ied*, 

rem., remarks. 

remainder (typ.), that part 
of an edition which is 
unsaleable at its original 

remark*, «o/-que {see also 
proofs of engravings). 

Rembrandt, 1607-69, Du. 

remerciment (Fr. m.), 
thanks, not -iement. 

retnjex* (Lat.), wing quill 
feather ; pi. -iges*. 

Reminiscere Sunday,the 
second in Lent. 

remissible*, capable of be- 
ing forgiven. 

remit/*, -tance*, -ter*. 

remonstrator*, not-er. 

rSaioulade (Fr. f.), salad 
dressing, not remol-. 

removable*, «o/ -cable. 



remplissage (Fr. m.), pad- 

Remusat (C. P. M., 
comte de), 1 797-1875, 
Fr. writer; — (J. P.), 
1788-1832, Fr. Chinese 

Renaissance* (the), not 
-ascence (cap.). 

renard, the fox, use rey-*. 

rendezvous*, sitjg. and pi. 
(one word, not ital.). 

rendible*. translatable. 

renommle {Fr.), fent. -Se, 

Renouf (Sir Peter le 
Page), 1822-97, Egyptol. 

renouncement *. 

renovator*, not -er. 

rentes] (Fr.f.), independent 
income, also gov. stocks ; 
— sur Pctatf interest 
on Government loans. 

reatjier (Fr.), /em. -i^re, 
one whose income is de- 
rived from investments. 

renvoi (Fr. m.), dismissal, 
adjournment ; (law) send- 
ing before another court ; 
(typ.) a reference mark. 

reometer, use rhe-*. 

reopen* (one word). 

reorganize*, not -ise (one 

rep., report, -er, repre- 
sentative, republic, -an. 

rep*, a fabric, not repp. 

rep/ air*, -arable*, -ara- 

repartee* (not ital.). 

repartir (Fr.), to reply, to 
start again. 

repartir (Fr.), to divide. 

repel/*, -led,-lence,-lent, 

repertoire* (not ital.). 

re'pertoriUin*(Lat.),a cata- 

repetatur (Lat.), let it be 
repeated ; abbr. repet 

repetitorium (Lat.), a 

replaceable*, «o^ -cable. 

replica/*, a duplicate by 

the artist himself; pi. -8 
(not ital.). 

repli/er*, -eth, «o/ reply-. 

rSpiique (Fr. f.), a reply. 

report/*, -er*, abbr. rep. 

repouss6* (not ital.). 

repp, use rep *. 

repr., representing. 

reprehensible*, «o/-able. 

representable*, Ko/-ible. 

representative *, abbr. 

Representatives (House 
of), lower division of 
U.S.A. Congress (caps.). 

repress/*, -er*, -ible*. 

reprint* (typ.), a second 
or a new impression or 
edition of any printed 
work ; a re-impression. 
Printed matter taken from 
some other publication for 
reproduction. Also print- 
ed "copy" (one w^ord) ; 
abbr. R.P. {see also title 

repris/e*, -al*, not -ize. 

reprize, to prize anew. 

reproducible *. 

reproof*, a rebuke. 

reprove*, to condemn. 

republic/*, -an*, abbr. R. 

RSpublique francaise 
(l.c./), French Republic; 
abbr. R.P. 



requiem/* (R.C.C.), the 
Mass for the dead ; pi. -S. 

requiesjcat in pace ( Lat. ) , 
may he, or she, rest in 
peace, abbr. R.I.P., pi. 

-cant ; 'Cit , 

he, or she, rests in peace. 

rerdos ; pi. -es. 

reremouse, use rear-*. 

res., reserve, resides, -ence, 

res/(Lat.), a thing or things; 
— adjudicata, a matter 
already decided ; — 
angusta domi, scanty 
means at home. 



reserve*, abbr. res. 
Reserve* (Army) (caps.), 
reserv/er, in law -or. 
reservist, not -eist. 
res gestae (Lat. />/.), things 

done, matters of fact, 
resid/es, -ence, abbr. r., 

or res. 
residu/um, />/. -a. 
resigned, abbr. res. 
resin ; rosin only for mus. 

resist/ance, -ant, not 

-ence, -ent. 
resl^ judicata (Lat.), a 

thing already decided ; — 

nihilif a nonentity, 
resolv/able, -er. 

resource, in Fr. f. ress-. 
resp., respondent. 
resp* (Ger.), respektiv, or. 
respirator, not -er. 
response mark (typ.), ^i. 
respons/ible, in Fr. 

res publica (Lat.), public 

property (two words). 
respublica (Lat.), the com- 
monwealth (one word). 
restaurateur (Fr. m.), 

Restigouche River, New 

restor/able, -ator. 
Restoration (the) (cap.), 
resum/e, -able. 
r§sum6, a summary (not 

resuscitat/e, -or. 
Reszke (ifidouard de), 

1856- ; — (Jean de), 

1853-, Polish singers, 
ret (typ.), the second side 

of a sheet, 
ret., retired, 
rotable, the super-altar, 
retail, sell by, not at or to. 
retd., returned. 
Tetinl&,pl. -89. 
retired, abbr. ret. 

retract/able, -ability, not 

-ible, -ibil-. 

retractor, not -er. 


retree, the slightly damaged 
paper of different reams 
marked x x, 10% less 
than "good." Distinct 
from ''outsides," or 
"broken, "marked X x x. 

retriever, a dog. 

retroussS (Fr.), turned up. 

returned, abbr. retd. 

Reubens, use Ru-. 

reunion, a social gathering; 
in Fr. f. rSunion. 

R6union (lie de), Indian 

Reuter, ^row. roy'tr. 

Rev., Book of Revelation, 
Reverend, Review. 

rev,, revenue, reverse, 
revise, -ed, -sion, revolu- 
tion, -s. 

rSvell(Fr. m.),an awaking, 
a morning call. 

r6veill6, morning call to 
troops ; pron. re-val'ye 
(not ital.). 

rSveillon (Fr. m.), a mid- 
night repast on Xmas eve. 

revel/, -led, -ler, -ling. 

not -ions ; abbr. Rev. 

revenons h nos moutons 
(Fr.), let us return to our 

revenue, abbr. rev. 

Reverend,abbr.TheRev. ; 
pi. Revs. 

reverie, not -y. 

revers (Fr. dress, m.), the 
front turned back showing 
the inner surface. 

reverse, abbr. rev. 

reversi, a game, not ri-. 

reversible, not -able. 

reverso (typ.),theleft-hand 
page of an open book; 
generally bearing the even 
numbers ; usual abbr. 
V, or verso (no point). 

reveujr (Fr.), /em. -se, 
a day-dreamer. 



revidieren (Ger.),to revise. 

Review, abbr. Rev. 

Reviews (titles of) (typ.), 
when cited, to be roman 

revise (typ.), a second or 
subsequent proof; abbr. 

revis/e, -able, -ing. 

revis/e, -ed, -ion, abbr. 

Revised/ Statutes, abbr. 
R.S., or Rev. Stat. ; — 
Version (the) (caps.), 
abbr. R.V., orRev.Ver. 

Revisionsbogen (Ger. 
typ. m.), revised proof- 
sheet (cap.). 

revived old-style type, 
see old-style type. 

reviv/er, in law -or. 

revoir {k) (Fr.), to be re- 

revoir! (au), till we meet 
again ! (not ital.) 

revo/ke, -cable, -cation. 

Revolution (the), Amer. 
1775-83? Eng- 1688-9, 
Fr. 1789-95, 1830, 1848, 
1870 (cap.). 

revolution/, -s, abbr. rev. 

revolutionize, not -ise. 

Revs., Reverends. 

Rev. Stat., Revised 

•« Revue/ Bleue," " — des 
Deux Mondes," Fr. f. 

Rev.Ver., RevisedVersion. 

rex (Lat.), king ; abbr. R. 

Reykjavik, not Reiki-. 

reynard, the fox, not ren-. 

rez-de-cbaussie (Fr. m.), 
the ground floor(hyphens). 

R.F., Re'publique franfaise 
(Fr. Republic). 

Rf. (paper), rough finish. 

r/. , see rinforzando. 

R.F.A., Royal Field Artil- 

R.G.A., Royal Garrison 
Artillery, — Guernsey 
Artillery ; R.G.S., — 
Geographical Society. 

R.H.*, Royal Highness; 
Rh, rhodium ; r.h., right 
hand ; R.H. A., Royal 
Hibernian Academy, — 
Horse Artillery. 

rhabdomancy*, «o/ra-. 

Rhast/ia, -ian, -ic, of Aus. 
Tyrol, not Rae-, Rhe-. 

rhapsodize, not -ise. 

rhatany* (bot.), not rat-. 

Rheims, use Reims. 

Rhein (Ger. m.), the Rhine. 

♦* Rheingold (Das)," 
opera by Wagner, i86g. 

"Rheinisches Museum 
fiir Philologie/* a Ger. 

rheometer(elec.), wo/reo-. 

rhet., rhetoric. 

R.H.G., Royal Horse 

rhinoceros/, pi. -es. 

R.H.M.S., Royal Hiber- 
nian Military School. 

Rhode Island, ofif. abbr. 

Rhodesia, S. Afr. ; pron. 

rhodium, symbol Rh. 

rhododendron/, pi. -s. 

rhomb/us (geom.),^/. -i. 

Rhondda Valley, Glam. 

Rhone, dep. and river ; in 
Fr. Rh6ne. 

R.H.S., Royal Historical 
Society, — Horticultural 
— , — Humane — . 

rhumb (naut.), not ru-. 

rhym/e, to versify; -er {see 
also rime). 

Rhys (Sir John), 1840-, 
philologist ; pron. reece. 


R.I., Rhode Island (off. 
abbr.). Royal Institute of 
Painters in Water-Col- 
ours, Royal Institution ; 
R.I.A., Royal Irish 
Academy ; R.I. A.M., 
ditto of music. 

Rialto, Venice (cap.). 

riantj (Jr.), fent. -e, cheer- 
ful, agreeable to the eye. 

rib/, -bed, -bing. 


R.I.B.A. — RIV. 

E.I.B.A., Royal Institute 
of British Architects. 

ribbon, not -and, riband. 

K.I.C, Royal Irish Con- 

Ricardo (David), 1772- 
1623, Eng. economist. 

Richelieu (Cardinal), 
1585-1642, Fr. statesman. 

Richepin (Jean), 1849-, 
Fr. writer. 

Richey (Sir J. B.), 1833- 
{see also Ritchie). 

Richter (Hans), 1843-, 
musical conductor ; — 
(J. P. F.), 1763-1825, 
Ger. writer. 

rickets, a bone disease. 

rickety, not -tty. 

rickshaw, abbr. of jin- 

ricochet/, -ted, -ting 
(not ital.). 

rid/, -ded, -ding. 

rid/e, -eable, -den, -ing. 

rider (typ.), additional MS. 
added to a proof. 

ridg/e, -y. 

Ries (Ger. n.), aream (cap.). 

Riesling, a Rhine wine. 

Rievaulx Abbey, Yorks, 
not Riv- ; pron. riv'ers. 

rifacimentlo (It.), a re- 
making ; pi. -/. 

riff-raff (hyphen). 

rifl/e, -ing. 

right/ (theat.), abbr. R.; — 
ascension, abbr. R.A.; 
hand/, adj., -ed (hy- 
phens); — hand pages 
(typ.), the recto pages 
usually with odd folios. 

Right Reverend (for 
Bishops only), abbr. 
The Right Rev. 

Rigi, Switz., not -hi. 

rigor (med.), not -our. 

rigor mortis (Lat.), stiffen- 
ing of death (not ital.). 

rigorous, not rigour-. 

rigour, severity, not -or. 

Rigsdag, Ddn. Parliament. 

Rig-Veda, Sanskrit reli- 
gious book (caps. , hyphen). 

rillevjo (It.), raised or em- 
bossed work, not re-; pi. -/. 
R.I.M., Royal Indian 

rim/, -med, -ming. 

rima (It.), verse. 

rim/e, hoar-frost; -y {see 
also rhjrme). 

rinderpest, pleuro-pneu- 
monia in cattle (one word). 

rlnforzjando, -ato (It. 
mus.), with more em- 
phasis; abbr. r/., or rinf. 

«*Ring der Wibelungen 
(Der),** by Wagner, 1876. 

Ringsend, Dublin. 

Ringwood, Hants. 

Ringwould, Dover. 

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, not 
Rio Janeiro. 

Rio Tinto, S. Spain. 

R.I.P.*, Requiescat (or -ant) 
in pace (may he, she (or 
they) rest in peace !). 

ripost, a retort, not -te. 

rippl/e, -y. 

Rippmann (Prof. "Wal- 
ter), 1869-, educationist. 

"Rip Van Winkle," by 
Washington Irving, 1820 
(three caps.)* 

ris de veau (Fr. cook, m.), 

rises, abbr. r. 

risible, etc., not -able. 

risqufS (Fr.), /em. -Se, 
risky, indelicate. 

rissole, minced meat fried 
in batter (not ital.). 

rissolS (Fr. cook.), well- 

ritardando{lt.mus.), slow- 
er; abbr. riL, or ritard. 

Ritchie (Rt. Hon. C. T.), 
1838-1905, statesman ; — 
(Sir J. T.), 1835- {see also 

ritenuto (It. mus.), slower; 
abbr. ritett. 

Ritualist/ (cap.) ; -io (not 

Riukiu Isles, use lioo- 
choo — . 

Riv., river. 



rival/, -led, -ling. 

Rivaulx, see Rie-. 

Rivaz (Sir C.^, 1845-. 

rivel/, to corrugate ; -led, 

River (typ.), when with 
name to have cap., as 
Yellow River, River 
Dart ; abbr. R., or Riv. 

river-side (hyphen). 

Rivesaltes, a Fr. wine 

rivet/, -ed, -er, -ing. 

Riviera, S. France. 

Riviere (Briton), 1840-, 

riviere (Fr. f.), river, (of 
diamonds) collar. 

rix-dollar, a European 
coin 2/6-4/6, not ricks- 
(hyphen) ; abbr. Rx. 

riz (Fr. m.), rice. 

Rizzio (David), d. 1566, 
favourite of Mary, Q. of 
Scots, not Rice-. 

R.J. A., Royal Jersey Ar- 
tillery ; R.J.L.I., ditto 
Light Infantry ; R. J.M., 
ditto Militia. 

R.L.O., Returned Letter 
Office {formerly Dead 


R.M., Resident Magistrate, 
Royal Mail, — Marines ; 
rm., ream ; R.M.A., 
Royal Marine Artillery, 

— Military Academy 
(Woolwich), Asy- 
lum; R.M.C., — Military 
College (Sandhurst) ; 
R.Met.S., — Meteorolo- 
gical Society ; R.M.L.I., 

— Marine Light Infantry ; 
R.M.S., — Mail Ser- 
vice ; Steamer, — 

Microscopical Society. 

R.N. *, Royal Navy ; 
R.N.A.V., — Naval 
Artillery Volunteers ; 
R.N.R., — Naval Re- 
serve ; R.N.V., — Naval 
Volunteer (Reserve). 

R.O., Receiving Office, -r, 
Relieving Officer, Return- 
ing — , Royal Observatory. 

ro., rood. 

r" (typ.), recto. 

Road (typ.), after name to 

be cap., as Fulham Road ; 

in journalism, hyphen 

and lower-case r usual, as 

Fulham-rcad ; abbr. Rd. 
road/side, -stead, -way 

(no hyphen). 
roan (binding), a soft and 

flexible sheepskin, often 

imitating morocco, 
roast (to rule the), to 

exercise leadership, not 

Robartes (Baron), fam. 

name Agar-Robartes. 
Robben Island, S. Africa. 
Robbia (Luca della), 

1399-1482, sculptor. 
robbin{E. Ind.), a package. 
robe dej cbambre (Fr. f.), 

morning- gown ; — — 

COl/r, Court-dress. 
Robert College, Constan- 
Robespierre (M. M. J.), 

1758-94, Fr. politician, 
robin, the bird (see also 

Robin/ Goodfellow, a 

sprite (caps.) ; — Hood's 

Bay, a town, Yorks 

(apos., three words). 
robin redbreast*. 
** Robinson Crusoe," by 

Defoe, 17 19. 
Rob Roy, 1671-1734, Sc. 

outlaw (caps., two words). 
roburite, an explosive. 
roc, a fabulous bird, not 

rock, rok, rue, ruck, rukh. 
Roch (St.), pron. rok. 
Roche, />roH. rOsh. 
Rochefoucauld,5<?<?Ija— . 
roches m.outonn6es 

(geol.) (not ital.). 
rochet, a linen garment, not 

-ette, rotchet. 
Rock (the), Gibraltar. 

Amer. millidnaire. 
" Rock of Ages " (caps.). 
rod, abbr, r. 



Rod (Edouard), 1857-, Fr. 

Rodd (Sir Rennell), 

1 858-, writer. 
Roderic, the last of the 

Goths, not -ick. 
Rodin (Auguste), 1840-, 

Fr. sculptor. 
rodomontade, not rh-. 
roebuck (one word). 
roe-deer (hyphen). 
Roffen., signature of Bp. of 

Rochester (point). 
Rogation Sunday, that 

before Ascension Day. 
Roget (P. M.), 1779-1869, 

wrote " Thesaurus." 
rognons (Fr. m.), kidneys. 
Rohilkhand, N.W. India, 

not Rohilc-, -und. 
Rohlfs (Anna K. G.), 

1846-, Amer. writer. 
roi fainSant (Fr.), do- 
nothing king. 
roisterer, not roy-. 
rok, use roc. 

Rokitansky (K. baron 
von), 1804-78, anatomist. 
r61e, in Fr. m. rdle. 
roll-call (hyphen). 
RoUeston (George), 

1829-81, anatomist, 
roly - poly, a pudding, 
not roley-poley, roUey- 
polley, roily -polly, row- 
Rom., Roman, Romance, 
Romans (Epistle to the). 
Romaic, modern Greek. 
Roman/, -ism, -ist (caps.). 
roman (typ.), this style of 
type,or ordinary as distinct 
from fancy and ital. (not 
cap.) ; in Ger. Antiqua. 
Roman Catholic/ (caps.), 

abbr.R.C; Church 

(caps.), abbr. R.C.C. 
Romanie-Conti, a red 

Burgundy wine, 
romanize, not -ise. 
roman numerals, see 

numerals (roman). 

Romanov, reigning house 

of Russia, not -of, -off. 

Romans (the Epistle to 

the) ; abbr. Rom. 
Romansch, Rhaeto-ro- 

Romany, a gipsy, not 

-nny, -mmany (cap.). 
Romney (George), 1734 

(O.S.)-i8o2, painter. 
Romsey, Hants. 

ronde (typ.), cm, tOvtlo^ 

cuvaulo/* Vovtn> op ^ciiKt, 

rondeau/, a form of poem ; 

pi. -X. 
rondo (mus.), a movement, 
rone, a water-pipe. 
Rontgen (Julius), 1855-, 
composer ; — ("W". K. 
von), 1845-, discovered 
rOntgen rays. 
rood, abbr. ro. 
rook (chess), abbr. R, also 

a bird. 

Rooke (Sir George), 

1650-1709, Eng. admiral. 

Roosevelt (Theodore), 

1858-, Amer. Pres. 1903-; 

pron. rSz'-felt. 

roost (to rule the), use 

rop/e, -y. 

Roquefort, a Fr. cheese, 
rorqual, a whale. 
Rosalind, in "As You Like 
It," and Spenser's "Shep- 
herd's Calendar." 
Rosaline, in " Love's 
Labour's Lost," "Romeo 
and Juliet." 
Roscher (Wilhelm), 

1817-94, economist. 
Roscommon, Ireland, 
ros/e, -y. 

rose (Fr. m.), pink colour ; 
(f.) a rose ; couteur de 
— , roseate, attractive. 
Rosebery (Earl of), 
1847-, not -berry, -bury, 
rosemary, not rosm-. 
Rosencrantz and Guild- 
enstern, in *' Hamlet." 



Bosenkranz (J. K. F.), 
1805-79, Ger. metaph. 

Bosentreter, a chess open- 

rose/- water, -wood (hy- 

rosin (mus.), for stringed 
instruments, not re-. 

Rosinante, Don Quixote's 

Roskilde (treaty of). 

Roslin Chapel (^see also 

iPilosmead (Baron). 

Rosny (J. H.), Fr. writer. 

Bosolio, a red wine of 
Malta, not -oglio, -oli. 

Ross (Sir James Clark), 
1800-62 ; — (Sir John), 
1777-1856, Arctic ex- 

Rosse (Earl of), />row. r6s. 

Rossend Castle, Fife. 

Rossetti (Christina 

Georgina), 1830-94, 
poetess ; — (Dante Ga- 
briel), 1828-82, poet, 
painter; — (Gabriele), 
1 783-1854, poet, writer; 
— (William. Michael), 
1829-, writer. 

rossignol (Fr. m.), night- 

Rosslyn (Earl of) {see also 

Ross-shire (hyphen). 

Rostand (Edmond), 
1 868-, Fr. dramatist. 

roster, a list of persons, etc. 

rostr/um, pi. -a (not ital.). 

rosy, not -ey. 

rot/, -ted, -ting. 

rdt/ (Fr. m.), meat roasted 
on a spit ; pi. -s (not ital.). 

rota/, list of persons ; pi. -S. 

rotary, not rotatory. 

rotator/, pi. -s. 

rotatoiy, use rotary. 

Rothamsted, agricul- 

tural station. 

Rothe (Richard), 1799- 
1867, Ger. theol. 

Rothes (Earl of), pron. 

Roth/schild(typ.), divide, 
if necessary, at stroke. 

rdti (Fr. m.), roast ftieat. 

rotifer/ (zool. ),/>/. -s; roti- 
fers (Lat.) is plural. 

rdtir (Fr. cook.), to roast. 

rotondo (It. typ.), roman 

rotor (math.), a vector of 
definite position. 

rottenstone (one word). 

Rottingdean, Sussex (one 

rotund/ a, not -o ; pi. -as. 

roturljer {Yr.\fem. -ere, 
of mean birth. 

Roubiliac (L. P.), 1695- 
1762, sculptor ; not -Iliac. 

rouble, Russ. silver coin 
about 2S. iVad. Eng., itot 
ru- ; abbr. R. 

rou6, a debauchee (not ital.). 

rouelle de veau (Fr. f.), 
fillet of veal. 

tvuge etnolr (Fr.m.), red 
and black, a game of 
chance (three words). 

rougct (Fr. m.), red mullet. 

rough, to trump, not ruff". 

rough/-and-ready (adj.), 
— -dry, — -hew, — 
-rider, — -shod (hy- 

rouleauj (Fr. m.), a roll of 
money, roller, scroll ; 
pi. -x, 

Roumania/,-n, Ks^Rum-. 

Roumelia/, -n, «5^Rum-. 

roundabout (one word). 

round-robin, a petition 

Rouse (W. H. D.), 1863-, 
writer; pron. rows. 

Rousse (Edmond), 181 7-, 
Fr. writer. 

Rousseau (J.-B.), 1670- 
1741, Fr. poet ; — (J.- J.), 
1712-78, writer ; — 
(P. E. T.), 1812-67, Fr. 

Roussillon, a red wine. 

rout (verb). 

rowan, the mountain-ash. 

rowel/, -led, -ling. 



rowen, the aftermath. 

rowley-powley, use roly- 

rowlock (naut.), not roll-, 
rull- ; pron. rSl'uk. 

Roxburgh, Scotland. 

roxburghe binding, a 
plain leather back, no 
raised bands, lettered in 
gold near the top, cloth 
or paper sides, leaves 
gilt at top, otherwise un- 
opened (not cap.). 

Roxburghe/ (Duke of) ; 

— Club. 

Royal/ (cap.), abbr. R. ; 
— Academ/y, — ician, 
— Artillery, abbr.R. A.; 

— Highness, R.H. 
royal paper, printing, 

25 X 20 in. ; royal/ folio, 
so X 12^3 ; — quarto, 
1272 X 10 ; — octavo, 10 
X6V4; —writing, 24 X 
19 {see a/50 books, folio, 

Royal Society, abbr. R.S. 

roysterer, use roi-. 

R.P., Reformed Presbyte- 
rian, reprint, (Fr.) Reverend 
Pere (Reverend Father) ; 
R.P.D., Rerum Politi- 
carunt Doctor (Doctor 
of Political Science), 
Regius Prof, of Divinity ; 
R.P.E., Reformed Prot- 
estant Episcopal ; r.p.m., 
revolutions per minute. 

rr., rarissime (very rarely) ; 
R.R.C., Royal Red Cross 
(for ladies). 

R.S., Revised Statutes, 
Royal Society ; Rs, ru- 
pees ; r.s., right side ; 
R.S.A., Royal Scottish 
Academy ; R.S.A.F,, 
Royal Small Arms 
Factories; R.S.C., Rules 
of the Supreme Court 
(Ire.) ; R.S.E., Royal So- 
ciety, Edinburgh ; R.S.L., 
ditto London(usually R.S. 
only) ; R.S.M., Regi- 
mental Serjeant - Major ; 

R.S.N.A., Royal Society 
of Northern Antiquaries ; 
R.S.O., railway sub- 
office ; R.S.P.C.A., 
Royal Society for Preven- 
tion of Crueltj' to Animals 
{see also N.S.P.C.C.) ; 
R.S.S., Regise, Societatis 
Sodalis (Fellow of 
the Royal Society) ; 
R.S.V.P.*, repondez s'il 
vous plait (please reply) 
(not to be used in writings 
in the third person) ; 
R.S.W.S., Royal Scottish 
Water-Colour Society. 

R.T., received text ; 
Rt. Hon., Right Honour- 
able ; Rt. Rev., Right 
Reverend (of a bishop) ; 
R.T.S., Religious Tract 
Society, Royal Toxoph- 
ilite Society; R.T.Y.C., 
Royal Thames Yacht 

R.U., Rugby Union ; Ru, 

"Rub^iydt (The)," by 
Omar Khayyam. 

Rubens (Peter Paul), 
1577-1640, painter, not 

rubican, a horse flecked 
with white or grey. 

rubicel, a variety of ruby. 

Rubicon (to cross the), 
to take an irrevocable step 

rubicund, red. 

rubidium, symbol Rb. 

ruble, use rouble. 

rubric (typ.), letters in 
red ; rubricate (typ.), to 
print in red. 

ruby (typ.), a size of type thlr- 
teen lines to the inch, and five 
and a half point, as this. 

ru/c, -ck, -kh, use roc. 
ruche (Fr. dress, f.), a 

quiUing or frilling, «o/rou-. 
rud, use rudd. 
rudd, a fish, not rud. 
Riidesheimer, a Rhine 




rue, rueful, ndng. 
E.U.E. (theat.), right upper 

mjBT, a bird ; fern, reeve, 
ruff, to trump, use rough, 
ruffe, a fish. 
rug\a (Lat.), a wrinkle ; pi. 

Buhmkorff/ (H.D.), 1803- 

77, electrician ; — coil. 
R.TJ.I., Royal University 

of Ireland. 
minis (Fr.), fern, -ie, min- 
ed, spoiled. 
rul/e, -able, -ing, -y. 
rule (typ.), 

dotted, ; 

double, = ; 


en, -; 

French, — • — ; 

metal, the em rule, of 
various lengths 


Britannia ! " 





rule-work (typ.), com- 
position with many rules, 
as in tabular matter (hy- 

rum/, -my. 

Kumania/, -n, not Rou-. 

rumb, use rh-. 

Rumelia/, -n, not Rou-. 

mminator, not -er. 

run (naut.), deserted ; abbr. 

Buneberg (J. L.), 1804- 
77, Sw. poet. 

runic (typ.), a plain style 
of type with lines of 
almost equal thick- 
ness, as this; abbr. b. 

runn -s ;,t\p.), figures or 
letters placed down the 
margin of a page to ident- 
ify the lines. 

Bunnimede, on the 

running/ head-line, or — 

title (typ.), the one on 
the head margin con- 
tinued from page to page 
{see also head-lines). 

run on/ (typ.), to have no 
break: no new paragraph; 

solid, to continue 

without break or leads. 

run out and indent (typ.), 
the first line to be full out, 
and the subsequent lines 
indented, as on this page. 

rupee, sign B,/>/.Rs ; tens 
of rupees, TCs. ; (typ.\ 
sign to be placed before 
the figures and close up 
(see also lac). 

Bupert's Land (Bp. of). 

.rtiralize, not -ise. 

/USJS (Jr.), fern, -^e, artful. 

ruse de guerre (Fr. f.), a 
war stratagem. 

B.U.S.I., Royal United 
Service Institution. 

nis in urbe (Lat.), the 
country within a town. 

Buss., Russia, -n. 

Bussel (Alexander), 
1814-76, a well-known 
editor of the " Scotsman." 

russel-cord, a fabric. 

Bussell (Earl) ; also fam. 
name Dukes of Bedford. 

russet/, -ed, -ing, -y. 

russia leather (binding), 
is reddish-brown in colour 
andscented, genuinemade 
only in Russia (not cap.). 

Bussia/, -n, abbr. Buss. ; 
(typ-) 36 letters, both 
caps, and smalls of special 
character and form. 

Bustchuk, Bulgaria. 

rut/, -ted, -ting, -ty. 

Buth (the Book of), 
abbr. Buth. 

ruthenium, symbol Bu. 

Buthven (Baron), pron. 

Buwenzori, mountain, 
Cent. Africa. 

Buy Lopez, chess opening. 

Buysdael (Jakob), 1628- 
82. Dutch painter. 

R.V., Revised Version, Rifle 
Volunteers ; R.V.C., 
Rifle Volunteer Corps ; 
R.V.C.I., Royal Veter- 
inary College of Ireland ; 
R.V.S.V.P., repondez 
viie, sh'l vous plait (please 
reply quickly). 

E.W., Right Worshipful, 
— Worthy. 

R.V. — R.Y.S. 

Rx., rix-dollar. 

Ex, tens of rupees (no 

Rye-house Plot, 1682-3 

(one hyphen, two caps.). 
Ryley (Madeleine 

Lucette), actress and 

R.Y.S., Royal Yacht 

Squadron (a club). 







22 ♦ 



S., Sabbath, Saint, school, 
series, Signor, Society, 
soprano, south, -ern, 
Southern postal district of 
London, sun, Sunday, sur- 
plus, all propernames with 
this initial, the eighteenth 
in a series, (Fr.) saint 
(saint), (Ger.) Sankt 
(saint), Seite (page), Siid 
(south), (Lat.) sepultus 
(buried), socius or sodalis 
(Fellow), (It. mus.) sinis- 
tra (left hand). 

S (chem.), sulphur, (math.) 

(S.), Socialist. 

8., second, -s (of time"), sec- 
tion, see, set, shilling, -s, 
sign, -ed, singular, solo, 
son, spherical, stem, sub- 
stantive, succeeded, (Fr.) 
siecle{c&nt\xty) ,sud{son\h), 
(Ger.) siehe (see), (Lat.) 
semi (half), solidus (shil- 
ling), (meteor.) stratus 
cloud, (naut.) snow. 

•s, abbr. for Du. des (of the), 
as 's Gravenhage (The 

4Sf:(It. mus.), the repeat mark. 

$, the dollar mark; (typ.)to 
be before, and close up to, 
the figures. 

y (math.), sign of integra- 

2 (Gr.) (math.), sum. 

S.A., the Salvation Army, 
South Africa, -n. 

S.a. (Lat.), sine anno (with- 
out date). 

S.A.A.A., Scottish Amateur 
Athletic Association. 

Sabaoth (Scrip.), armies. 

Sabbatarian/, -ism 

Sabbath (the) (cap.) ; 
abbr. S. 

sabretache, bag for 
cavalry, not -tash, -tasche. 

Sabreur (Le Beau), Jo- 
achim Murat, 1767-1815. 

saccharimeter, not -om-.^ 

Sacheverell (Henry), 
1672-1724, High Church 

Sachs (Hans), 1494-1576, 
Ger. poet; — (Julius), 
1832-97, Ger. botanist 
{see also Sax, Saxe). 

Sachsen, Ger. n. for 

sackcloth (one word). 

sacque, a loose coat. 

sacrlS (Fr.), /em. -ie, 

sacrilegious, not sacre-, 

Saffron-Walden, Essex 

saga/, Scand. myth. ; pi. -8. 

sagesse (Fr. f.), wisdom. 

Saghalien Island* ttst 
Sakhalin — . 

sagou (Fr. m.), sago. 

sabibj (Ind.), master ; /etn. 
-ab, or mem-sabib. 

S.A.I. (Fr.), Son Altesse 
Imperiale (His, or Her, 
Imperial Highness); pi. 

saignantl, f. -©(Fr.cook.), 

sailcloth (one word). 

sailed, abbr. sld. 

Sailors* Home, not -'s. 

sainfoin (bot.), not saint-. 

Saint, abbr. S., or St. ; in 
alphabetical arrangement 
always place under Saint, 
not under St-; (typ.) St. 
should not end line. 
In Fr. small s and space 
after, if relating to the 
person of a saint, as saint 
Jean, but cap. 5 and 



Saint {coni.). 

hyphen if relating to 
the name of a place or 
person or saint's day : as 
Saint-l^tienne, Sainte- 
Beuve, la Saint - Bar- 
thelemy. Fr. abbr. S., 
fern. Ste, for the persons 
of saints ; St'.,fem. Ste-, 
for names of places, of 
persons, or of saints' 
days. In Ger. Satlkt, 
abbr. S., pi. SS. 
St. Albans (Bp. of). 
St. Andrew's Cross, X . 
St. Andrews, Dunkeld, 
and Dunblane (Bp. of) 
(no apos. ); St.A2idrew*s 
Day, 30 Nov. ; St. An- 
drews University (no 
apos.) ; St. Anne's Day, 
26 July; St. Annes-on- 
Sea, Lanes (hyphens, 
no apos.) ; St. An- 
thony's fire, erysipelas ; 
St. Aubin's, Jersey 
(apos.) ; St. Barnabas' 
Day, 1 1 June; [St.] Bar- 
tholomew Day, 24 
August ; St. Bees, Cum- 
berland (no apos.) ; St. 
Clement'sDay, 23 Nov. ; 
St. David's, Fife, Pem- 
broke, and Bp. of (apos.); 
St. Denis' Day, 9 Oct. ; 
St. Dtmstan's Day, 19 
May; Saint-]Sniilion, a 
claret; Saint-Estdphe, 
a claret; Saint- ifitienne, 
dep. Loire; St. George's 
Channel (apos.) ; St. 
Gothard, Switz., not 
Gott- ; St. Helens, Dur, 
Lanes, L of Wight (no 
apos.) ; St. Ives, Corn, 
Hunts (no apos.) ; St. 
James's/ Day, 25 July; 
— — Palace, Park, 
Square, Street, etc. 
(-s's) ; St. John, cap. 
N. Brunswick ; as proper 
name, pron. sin'jin ; St. 
John's, Newfoundland, 
Quebec ; St. John's 

College, Ox., and Camb. 
(apos.) ; St. John's 
"Wood, London (three 
words, apos.) ; St. John 
the Baptist's Day, 24 
June ; ditto Evangel- 
ist's Day, 27 Dec. ; 
Saint- JuUen, a claret; 
Saint-Just (L. A. L. 
F. de), X 767-94, Fr. 
writer ; St. Katharine's 
(of Alexandria) Day, 25 
Nov. ; St. Lambert's 
Day, 17 Sept. ; St. Law- 
rence's Day, 10 Aug. ; 
St. Leonards, Hastings 
(no apos.) ; St. Luke's/ 

Day,! 8 Oct. ; little 

summer, fine weather 
between 18 Oct. and ir 
Nov.; St. Margaret's 
Day, 20 July ; St. 
Mark's Day, 25 April ; 
St. Martin's summer, 
begins about 11 Nov. ; 
St. Mary Abbot, Ken- 
sington ; St. Mary 
Church, Torquay (three 
words) ; St. Matthew^ s 
Day, 21 Sept. ; St. 
Matthias's Day, 24 
Feb. (-s's); St. Maur, 
family name of Duke of 
Somerset, pron. se-mor' ; 
St. Michael and All 
Angels' Day, 29 Sept. ; 
St. Michael's, Azores 
(apos.) ; Mount Saint 
Michael, Cornwall ; " 
Mont - Saint - Michel, 
Fr. (hyphens) ; St.Weot, 
Corn ; St. Weots, Hunts 
(no apos.); St. Nicolas, 
patron of Russia, also town 
in Belgium ; St. Olaf, 
patron of Norway ; St. 
Patrick's Day, 17 Mar.; 
St. Paul de Loanda, 
W. Afr., see Loanda; 
St. Paul's, London ; — 
— Day, 25 Jan. (apos.) ; 
St. Peter's, Rome 
(apos.) ; St. Peter's Day, 
29 June (apos.) ; St. 



Philip and St. James's 
Day, I May; Saint- 
Pierre, a claret ; Saint- 
Pierre (J. H. B. de), 
1 737-18 14, Fr. writer 
(hyphen) ; St. RoUox, 
Glasgow ; Saint-Saens 
(C. C), 1835-, Fr. com- 
poser (hyphen) ; St. 
Sepulclire(Cliiirch of) ; 
Saint-Simon (C. H., 
comte de), 1760- 
1825, founder of Fr. 
Socialism ; — (Ii. de R., 
due de), 167 5-1 755, Fr. 
writer (hyphen) ; St. 
Simon and St. Jude's 
Day, 28 Oct. ; St. Ste- 
phen's Day, 26 Dec; 
St. Swithin*s Day, 15 
July ; St. Thomas's 
Day, 31 Dec; St. 
Vitus's dance (-s's). 

Sainte - Beuve (C.-A.), 
1804-69, French writer ; 
Sainte-Claire Deville 
(H. :fi.)» 1818-81, Fr. 
chemist (one hyphen). 

Saintsbnry (Prof. G. E. 
B.), 1 845-, writer. 

Sakandarabad, use Se- 

sake, a Japanese liquor* not 
-ke, -ki. 

Sakhalin Island, Siberia, 
not Saghalien — . 

sakleb, Egyptian irrigating 
wheel, not -ee3eh, -ia. 

Sakyamuni, founder of 

salaam, not -lam. 

salade (Fr. f.), salad. 

salatnle. It. sausage, fool ; 
PL ./. 

sale (Fr.), dirty. 

salS (Fr. cook.), salted. 

saleable, not sala-. 

Salem, Madras, Mass. 

Salic, not -ique. 

salicylic acid. 

Salimpur, India. 

sallej (Fr. f.), hall ; — h 
manger, dining-room 

(not ital.) ; — d'attente, 

sally-lunn,a tea-cake (hy- 
phen, not caps.). 

salmagiindi, a medley, 
not -y. 

salmis (Fr. cook, m.), a 
hash, not -mi. 

Salmon (George), 181 9- 

1904, math, and theol. 
Salmond(S.D.P.), 1838- 

1905, theol. 
salmon/-parr, not -par ; 

peal, a salmon under 

two pounds, not -peel. 

salon (Fr. m.), reception- 
room, exhibition, fashion- 
able society. 

Saloniki, Turkey, not -ica, 

Salop, abbr. for Shropshire 
(no point). 

Salpetridre (La), hos- 
pital for the insane, Paris. 

salpicon (Sp. m.), cold 
minced meat, not -9on. 

salsify (bot.), not -afy. 

salt-cellar (hyphen). 

Salt Lake City, Utah 
(caps., no hyphen). 

Saltoun (Baron). 

saltpetre (one word). 

saltus (Lat.), a jump ; 5. 
and pi. the same. 

salutary, not -ory. 

salver, a tray {see salvor). 

Salvio gambit, a chess 

salvo/, pi. -8, not -es. 

sal volatile, ammonium 
carb. ; pron. sal-vO-lat'i-l6. 

salvor, one who salves prop- 
erty, not -er (s^g salver). 

Salzkammergut, Austria. 

Sam., Samaritan, Samuel 
(i and 2). 

samarium, symbol Sm. 

Samarkand, Turkestan, 
not -cand. 

Samboume (E. Linley), 
1845-, •* Punch" artist. 

S. Amer., South America, 

Samoyed, not -oied, -oide. 



sampatly Chinese boat, not 

sampl/e, -ed, -ing. 

Sampson (Dominie), in 
" Guy Mannering," not 

Samura/, Japanese military 
class {sing, and pi.), 

sanatori/um, not -arium; 
pi. -a. 

sanatory, healing {see also 

Sancho-Pedro, card game 
(caps., hyphen). 

sanctum/, a retreat, pi. 
-s; — Banotorum(Lat.), 
a special retreat, pi. 
sancta — (not ital.). 

Sand (George, not 
Georges), Madame Dude- 
vant, 1804-76, Fr. writer. 

sandal/, -led. 

sandarach, a gum, not -ac, 

Sandars Reader, Camb. 

Sanday (Prof.W.), 1843-, 

Sandeau (L. S. J.), 181 1- 
83, Fr. writer. 

Sanders (Daniel), 1819-, 
Ger. lexicographer. 

sand-paper (hyphen). 

sand/piper, a bird; -stone 
(one word). 

Sandys, />ro«. sandz. 

sang'de-boBuf (Fr. m.), a 
deep-red colour. 

sang-froid, self-possession 
(hyphen, not ital.). 


Sanliedrin, supreme Jew- 
ish council, not -im. 

sanitary, healthy, not -ory 
{see also sanatory). 

Sankt (Ger.), saint; abbr. 
S.,^/. SS. 

sannup (Amer.-Ind.), hus- 
band of a squaw, not -op. 

sanpan, use saai'. 

sansj (Fr.), without; — 
appel, without appeal ; 
— cSrSmonle, inform- 
ally ; — - changer, with- 
out changing. 

Sanscrit, use Sansk-. 

sans-culotte (Fr. m.), 
ragamuffin, a revolution- 
ist; in Eng. one word, cap. 

sans doute (Fr.), without 

Sansevieria (bot.). 

sansl facon (Fr.), inform- 
ally; — faute, without 
fail; — gSne, free-and- 

Sanskrit, not -crit, abbr. 
Skt. ; (typ.) 34 con- 
sonants, 10 vowels, 4 diph- 
thongs, all special forms. 

"SansPareil" (H.M.S.) 

sansj pareil (Fr.), un- 
equalled ; — peine, with- 
out difficulty ; — peur et 
sans reprocbe, fearless 
and blameless ; — pbrase, 
without circumlocution. 

sans serif (typ.), a type 
without serifs, as this 
(two words). 

sansl souci (Fr.), without 
cares; — ^acAe, stainless. 

Santa (It.), female saint; 
abbr. Sta, 

Santa Claus, not — K1-. 

Santa P6, Argentina, New 

Santander, N. Spain (one 


Santos-Dumont (Alber- 
to) > 1 873-, aeronaut. 

Sa6ne/, Fr. river, pron. sOn ; 
Haute- — , dep. (hy- 
phen) ; — -et-IiOire, 
ddp. (hyphens). 

"Sapho," novel by Daudet, 
opera by Gounod, 185 1. 

Sappho,596B.c.-?, poetess. 

S.A.B. (Fr.), Son Altesse 
Royale (His, or Her, 
Royal Highness) ; pi. 

Sar., Sardinia, -n. 

Saragossa, Spain; in Sp. 

sarcenet, a fabric, not sars-. 

sarcom/a (path.), pi. -ata. 



sarcophag/u8,/»/. -i. 
Sardinia, in It. Sardegna; 

abbr. Sar. 
Sardou (Victorien), 

1831-, Fr. dramatist. 
Sargeaunt (J.), writer. 
Sarg/ent (J. S.), 1856-, 

painter {see also -eant). 
sari, Ind. female garment, 

not -ee, -y. 
sarsenet, use sarc-. 
Sarum., signature of Bp. of 

Salisbury (full point). 
S.A.S., Sodetatis Antiqua- 

riorunt Socius (Fellow of 

the Society of Antiquaries, 

Saskatchewan (Bp. of). 
sassafras (bot.),«o^ sasse-. 
Sassenach (Gael.), an 

Sat., Saturday. 
Satan (cap.). 
Satanic (not cap.), 
sateen, a fabric, not satt-. 
satlner (Fr.), to calender 

satinet, a fabric, not -ett. 
satire, literary work, etc. 

{see also satyr), 
satirize, not -ise. 
satrap/, /em. -ess, Pers. 

Satsuma, Jap. pottery, 
saturater, not -or. 
Saturday, abbr. Sat. 
satyr (class, myth.) (see 

also satire). 
sauce piquaate (Fr. f.), 

a sharp sauce, 
Sauchiehall Street, Glas- 
gow (two words). 
sauclsse (Fr. f.), fresh 

pork sausage. 
saucisson (Fr. m.), large, 

highly-seasoned sausage. 
Sauerkraut (Ger. n.), 

chopped and fermented 

cabbage (cap.). 
saumon (Fr. m.), salmon. 
Saumur, a champagne. 
saut6 (Fr.), lightly fried. 
Sauteme, a white Bor- 
deaux wine. 

sauve qui peut (Fr.), let 
him save himself who can. 

savanna, a plain. 

Savannah, Georgia, «o/-a. 

savant/, pi. -s ; fem. -e,pl. 

Savigny, a red Burgundy, 

Savile/, family name of 
Earl of Mexborough; — 
(Baron) ; — Club, — 
How, London; — (Sir 
Henry), 1549-1622, 

founder of Savilian chairs 
at Oxford, not -ille. 

savings bank (no apos.). 

savoirj'faire (Fr.), skill, 
tact; — -v/Fre, good 
breeding (hyphens). 

Savonarola (Q.), 1452-98, 
It. religious reformer. 

Savoyard, of Savoy. 

Sax., Saxon, Saxony. 

Sax (A. J.), 1814-94, in- 
ventor of saxhorn {see 
also Sachs, Saxe). 

Saxe, in Ger. Sachsen. 

Saxe (J. G.), 1816-87, 
American writer ; — 
(Maurice), 1696-1750, 
Fr, marshal {see also 
Sachs, Sax). 

Saxe/-Altenburg ; — 
-Coburg - Gotha, in 

Ger. Sachsen- — ; 

— -Meiningen, — 
-"Weimar (hyphens). 

saxhorn (one word). 

Saxon/, -y, abbr. Sax. 

Saye and Sele (Baron). 

Sayyidpur, India. 

S.B, (Amer.), Bachelor in 
Science ; Sb, stibium 
(antimony): S.B, C, 
Southern Baptist Con- 

S.C, South Carolina, Staff 
Corps, Supreme Court, 
(Lat.) Senatus Consultutn 
(a decree of the Senate), 
(law) same case, (paper) 
super-calendered ; Sc,, 
science, Scotch, Scots, 
Scottish ; Sc, scandium ; 
B.C. (typ.), small capitals ; 



sc, scene, scruple ; SC, 
(Lat.) scilicet (namely), 
sculpsit (he, or she, carved, 
or engraved, it). 

Scafell, highest Eng. moun- 
tain, not -el, Scaw-. 

scagliola, imitation marble, 
not seal-. 

scala, surg. instrument. 

Scala (La), theatre, 

scalable, not -cable. 

scalar (math.), a real num- 
ber ; symbol S (no point). 

scaler, one who, or that 
which, scales. 

Scaliger (J. C), 1484- 
1558; — (J. J.)r 1540- 
1609, scholars, father and 

scaliola, use scagl-. 

scallawag, a scapegrace, 
not scala-, scally-. 

scallop *, a shell, also used 
in cook, and dress., not 
SCO-, escalop. 

scan/, -ned, -ning. 

Scand., Scandinavia, -n. 

scandalize, not -ise. 

scandal]um magnatum 
(Lat.), defamation of high 
personages, pi. -a — ; 
abbr. scan, mag, 

Scandinavia/, -n, abbr. 

scandium, symbol Sc. 

S.C.A.P.A., Society for 
Checking the Abuses of 
Public Advertising. 

scape/goat, -grace (one 

s.caps. (typ.), small cap- 

scarabaB/us, a beetle, not 
-eus ; pi. -i. 

Scarborough, Yorks. 

Scarbrough (Earl of). 

scarecrow (one word). 

scarlatina, scarlet fever, 
not scarlet-. 

Scarlett, family name of 
Baron Abinger. 

scathe, to injure, «o/-ath; 
soathless, not -eless. 

Sc.S., Scientix Baccalaureus 

(Bachelor of Science). 
Sc.D., Scientix Doctor 

(Doctor of Science). 
scSlSrat (Fr. m.), a 

scenja (It., Lat.), scene 

in a play or opera, pron. 

shay'na ; It. pi. -e, Lat 

pi. -«. 
scenari/o, outline of a play, 

pron. she-nar'io ; pl.-i, 
scene (Fr. f.), scene, stage ; 

en — , on the stage. 
" Scenes of Clerical 

Life,'* by George Eliot, 

1858, not from. 
sceptic, etc., not sk-. 
sch., schooner. 
Schadow (J. G.), 1764- 

1850; ~ (Rudolph), 

1 786-1822, sculptors. 
Schafer (E. A.), 1850-, 


Ger. (hyphen). 
Scheele*s-green (apos., 

SchefiE'er(Ary), 1795-1858, 

Fr. painter {see also 

Scheherazade, the relater 

in ''The Arabian Nights." 
Scheldt, Dutch river. 
Schelling (P. W. J.), 
, 1775-1854, metaph. 
scbemja (Lat.), an outline ; 

pi. -ata, 
scherzjo (It. mus.), a play- 
ful piece ; pron. skert'so, 

pi. -/. 
Schiedam Schnapps, 

Holland gin (caps.). 
Schiehallion, Mt., Perth. 
Schiff (Ger. typ. n.), gal- 
ley (cap.). 
Schiller (J. C. P. von), 

1759-1805, Ger. poet. 

(Mary Ann), 1788-1856, 

schipperke, a breed of 

dogs ; pron. skip-er'kS. 
schirocco, use si-. 



Scblager (Ger. m.), stu- 
dent's duelling sword 

Schlagint"weit, a family 
of travellers. 

Scblagwort (Ger. typ. n.), 
catchword (cap.). 

Schlechter (C), 1874-, 
chess player. 

Schleiermacher (F. E. 
D.), 1768-1834, theol. 

"Schlemihl (Peter),** 
tale by Chamisso. 

Schliemann (Heinrich), 
1822-90, Ger. archaeol. 

Scbloss (Ger. n.), a castle, 
\ock;pl.Schl6sser {cap.). 

Schlussj (Ger. m.), con- 
clusion ; — folgt, con- 
cluded in our next. 

Scbmutztitet (Ger. typ. 
m.), the half-title (cap.). 

Scbnapps (Du.), gin, not 

Schoeffer (Peter), 1425- 
1502, printer {see also 

SCboUlum (Lat.), a note; 
pi. -a, abbr. scbol, 

Schomburgk (Sir R. H.), 
1804-65, traveller. 

school/, abbr. S.; — board 
(two words). 

Bchool/boy, -girl, -mas- 
ter, -mistress, -room 
(one word). 

schooner, abbr. sch. 

Schopenhauer (Arthur) , 
1 788 -i860, metaph. 

Bchottische, dance, etc., 
wo/-ich, -ish. 

Scbrlftj (Ger. f.), type; 
-setzer, compositor ; 
-steller, author (caps.). 

Schubart (Daniel), 1739- 
91, Ger. poet. 

Schubert (Franz P.), 
1 797-1828, composer. 

Schulze-Delitzsch (H.), 
1808-83, founder of Ger. 
People's Banks. 

Schumann (Robert), 
1810-56, composer. 

Schuyler (E.), 1840-90, 

American writer ; pron. 

Schuylkill, Pennsylvania ; 

proH. skool'kil. 
Schwalka (F.), 1849-92, 

Amer. traveller. 
Schwann (Theodor), 

1810-82, cell theorist. 
scbwanpan, use sbw-. 
Schwarz'wald, the Black 

Schweinfurt, Bavaria. 
Schweinfurth (G. A.), 

1836-, Afr. traveller. 
Schweinfurth/-blue, — 

-green, etc. 
Sohweiz (die), Ger. for 

Schwyz, canton in Switz. 
sciagraph, use skia-. 
science, abbr. Sc. 
SC/eJlter (Lat.), knowingly. 
scilicet (Lat.), namely ; 

abbr. SC, or scil. 
scimitar*, not the many 

Scinde, Ind., use Sind. 
scintilla, a trace. 
sciograph, use skia-. 
scirocco, use si-, 
scissel, scrap metal, not 

-il, -lie, sizel. 
Sclav, etc., use S1-. 
scollop, use sea-. 
Scone, Perth ; pron. skoon. 
scone, a soft cake, not scon, 

skon ; pron. sk6n. 
score, three-, four-, etc. 

(one word), 
scori/a, slag ; pi -ae. 
Scot, native of Scotland 

{see also Scott). 
Scot., Scotch, Scotland, 

Scotch, in Eng. and Amen, 

in Scotland usually Scots, 

or Scottish; abbr. Sc, 

or Scot, 
scotch, to cut, or notch. 
Scotchman, in Eng. and 

Amer., in Sc. Scotsman, 
soot- free (hyphen). 
Bcotice, in a Sc. manner. 



Scotland,abbr. Scot.; N.B. 

not to be used. 
Scots/, in Scotland pre- 
ferred to Scottish ; abbr. 

So. ; — Greys, — 

Guards (no apos.). 
Scotsman, in Scotland 

preferred to Scotchman. 
Scott (Sir "Walter), 1771- 

1832, writer. 
Scotticism, a Sc. expres- 
sion, not scoti-. 
Scottish, not Scotish (as 

in Grove's " Diet."); abbr. 

Sc, or Scot, 
scow, a flat-bottomed boat, 

not skew^, skow. 
scrabbed eggs, use 

scrambled — . 
scratch comma, short 

shilling mark /, formerly 

used as a comma, 
scratch- cradle, a game, 

use cat's-cradle *. 
scratched figures, see 

figures (scratched), 
screw steamer, abbr. s.s. 
scribes and Pharisees 

(cap. P). 
scrlpsjit (Lat.), he, or she, 

wrote it ; pi. -erunt, or 

script (typ.), 4^A^ en 



script., Scripture, -al. 

scriptori/um, a writing 
room ; pi. -a. 

Scriptures (the) (cap.). 

scrivener's palsy (apos.). 

scrot/um (anat.), pi. -a. 

scruple, 20 grains ; abbr. 
SC, sign 9. 

scrutator, a scrutmeer. 

scrutinj d*arrondisse- 
ment (Fr. m.), voting for 
a single candidate ; — de 
llsie, ditto group of can- 

scrutinize, not -ise. 

S.C.U., Scottish Cycling 

SCUdjO, It. coin about 
4s. Eng. ; pi. 'J. 

sculk, use sk-. 

scull, oar, and form of row- 
ing, not sk-. 

sculp., sculptor, -ural, -ure. 

SCUlpsjit (Lat.), he, or she, 
engraved or carved it ; 
pi. -erunt, or -ere; abbr. 
sc.j or sculps. 

sculptures (titles of) 
(typ.), when cited, to be 
roman double-quoted. 

Scutari, not Sk-. 

scutcheon, use escut-*. 

Scylla and Charybdis. 

scymitar, use scim-*. 

S.D., Senior Deacon ; s.d., 
shillings, pence (not ital.) ; 
S.d. J sine die (indefinite- 
ly) ; sd. (books), sewed ; 
S. Dak., South Dakota 
(offic. abbr.) ; S.D.F., 
Social Democratic Feder- 
ation ; S.D.U.K., Society 
for the Diffusion of Useful 

S.E., south-east, South- 
Eastern postal district of 
London, Son Excellence 
(Fr.) (His Excellency). 

S/E., Stock Exchange. 

S.E., (Fr.) Son Eminence 
(His Eminence). 

Se, selenium. 

sea, when with name, to 
be cap., as North Sea, 
Sea of Marmora. 

seafar/er, -ing (one word). 

Seafieid (Earl of). 

Seaford, Sussex. 

Seaforde, Co. Down. 

sea/-going, -gull, -kale 

Seal, Sevenoaks. 

Seale, Farnham, Surrey. 

sea-level (hyphen). 

sealing-wax (hyphen). 

seamstress, not semp-. 

stance, a sitting (not ital.), 

sea/port, -scape (one 

sear, not sere. 

sea-serpent (hyphen). 



seashore (law), the land 
between high and low 
water (one word). 

sea-sickness (hyphen). 

seaside (one word). 

Sebastopol, not Sev-. 

sec, secant, second, -s, 

sec, see secundum. 

second (adj.), abbr. 2nd, 
not 2d. 

second/, -s, abbr. s., or 
sec; — mark, " (see 
also secnnd). 

seconde (Fr. f.), a fencing 
parry, (rail.) second class, 
(typ.) second proof. 

second-hand (hyphen). 

second mark (typ.), " ; 
also symbol for inches. 

secrecy, not -sy. 

sec reg., secundum regu- 
lant (according to rule). 

secretaire, a writing-table 
(not ital.). 

Secret an (Charles), 

1815-95, Swiss philos- 

secretariat, a secretary's 
oflSce, not -ate. 

Secretary, head of State 
department (cap.). 

secretary, a writer ; abbr. 

secretory, of secretion. 

section (typ.), a chapter 
subdivision, abbr. s.,sect., 
or § ; — mark, §, fourth 
ref. mark for foot-notes in 
math, works ; pi. §§. 

secularize, not -ise. 

secund (biol.), on one side 
only {see also second). 

Secunderabad, Ind., not 
Sakandar-, Sikander-. 

secundum j (Lat.), accord- 
ing to, abbr. sec ; — 
artemy ditto art, abbr. 
sec. arL ; — legem, 
ditto law, abbr. sec. leg. ; 
— naturam, naturally, 
abbr. sec nat. ; — quid, 
in some respects only ; — 
regulam, according to 

rule, abbr. sec reg. ; 
secundum veritatem, 

universally valid. 
se defendendo (Lat.), in 

defending himself, or her- 
sederunt (Lat.), a meeting, 

or sitting. 
Sedgemoor, Somerset ; 

— (battle of), 1685 (one 

Sedgwick (Adam), 1785- 

1873, geologist {see also 

Sedlitz powder, use 

Sei . 


sSduisantI (Fr.), /em. -e, 

See (the Holy), the Papal 

Court; see (verb), abbr. s. 
Seeley (Sir J. R.), 1834- 

95. writer. 
Seely (Sir Charles), 

see-aaw (hyphen), 
seethe, to boil, not -th. 
Sefton (Earl of). 
segnior, see seigneur, 

seiche, certain lake waves ; 

in Fr. seche, pron. sash. 
Seidenpapier (Ger. n.), 

tissue paper (cap.). 
Seidlitz powder, not Sed-. 
seigneur (Fr. m.), a person 

of rank. 
Seine/-et-Mame, et- 

Oise, — -Inf6rieure, 

Fr. deps. (hyphens), 
seise (law), not -ze. 
seisin (Sc. law), taking 

Seitje (Ger. f.), a page. 

abbr. S. ; pi. -en, abbr. 

SS. (cap.). 
SeitenzabI (Ger. f.), a 

page-number (cap.). 
seize, to grasp {see also 

sSjour (Fr. ra.), sojourn. 
Sekunderabad, use Sec-. 
sel., selected. 
sel (Fr. m.), salt. 



sel, (Ger.), selig (deceased, 

Selborne (Earl of) {see 
also Shelbume"). 

•• Selborne (Natural 
History of),** by Gilbert 
White, pub, 1789. 

Selden Society. 

selector, not -er. 

selenium, symbol Se. 

self-made (hyphen). 

selfsame (one word). 

selig (Ger.), deceased, late ; 
abbr. sel. 

selJe de mouton (Fr. f.), 
saddle of mutton. 

seller's option, abbr. s.o. 

Sellindge, Hythe. 

Selling, Faversham. 

selon les rhgtes (Fr.), 
according to the rules. 

Selous (P. C), 1851-, Afr. 
traveller ; pron. se-loo'. 

Selsey, Sussex, not -sea. 

selvedge, not -age. 

Selw., Selwyn Coll., Camb. 

Selwin-Ibbetson, family 
name of Baron Rook- 

Sem., Semitic. 

sem., semicolon. 

semeio/graphy, -logy, 
-tics, science of symp- 
toms, not semio-. 

se/n/(Lat.), half; abbr. s. 

semi-barbar/ian, -ic, 
-ism, -ous (hyphen). 

semicircle (one word). 

semicolon (one word), 
abbr. sem. ; in Ger. 
Strichpunkt (see punc- 
tuation, XXII). 

semiolcgy, use semeiol-. 

Semite, not Sh-. 

Semitic, abbr. Sem. 

semp. (It.mus.) , sempre (the 
same style throughout). 

semper] eadem (Lat. f. 
s., and n. pl.\ always 
the same ; — fidelis, al- 
ways faithful, pi. — /i- 
detes ; — idem (m. and 
n. sing.), always the same. 

Sempill (Baron). 

sempre (It. mus.), the 

same style throughout ; 

abbr. semp. 
sempstress, use seams-. 
Sen., Senate, -or, senior. 
sen, (It.), senza (without). 
sen, Vioo of Jap. gold yen : 

about ^/s Eng. penny. 
Senat/e, -or, abbr. Sen. 
SenatUS (Lat.) , the Senate. 
Senatus Academicus, 

the governing body in Sc. 

universities (notital.). 
Senatus Consultum, a 

decree of the Senate ; 

abbr. S.C. 
S6n6gal, Fr. W. Afr.; in 

Eng. no accents. 
senliorj (Port.), Mr. ; /em. 

senior, abbr. sen. 
seniores priores (Lat.), 

elders first. 
se non d vera, e ben 

trovato (It.), if it be not 

true, it is well invented. 
sehorf (Sp.), Mr. ; -es, 

Messrs. ; -a, Mrs. ; -ita. 

sensible, in Fr. sensJS, 

fern. '6e. 
sensible (Fr.), sensitive. 
sensorijum (Lat.), pi. -a. 
sensualize, not -ise. 
sentimentalize, not -ise. 
senza (It.), without ; abbr. 

S.e.O,0, (Fr.), sauf erreur 

OH omission (errors or 

omissions excepted). 
Seoul, cap. of Korea, not 

Seul, Soul. 
separator, not -er. 
separatrix (typ.), the 

diagonal stroke, used in 

proof correction to mark 

and separate alterations, 
separat/um (typ.), a 

reprint of one of a series 

of papers ; pi, -a. 
sepoy (not cap.). 
Sept., September, Septua- 

gint, not Sep. 
septemvirj (Lat.), pi. -/. 



septioaemia, blood-poison- 
ing, not -emia. 

septimana (Lat.), a week. 

Septuagesima Sunday, 
third before Lent. 

Septuagint/, abbr. Sept. ; 
— Version, abbr. TiXX 
(no point). 

sept/um, pi. -a. 

Sepulchre (Church of 
St.), not -'s. 

sepultus (Lat.), buried ; 
abbr. S. 

seq., sequens (the follow- 
ing), sequente (and in 
what follows), sequitur 
(it follows) ; seqq., se- 
quenteSj sequentia (the fol- 
lowing), sequentibus (in 
the following places). 

sequelja (Lat.), a result; 
pi. -as. 

sequenjs (Lat. m. f. n. 
sing.), the following, abbr. 
seq, ; 'te, and in what 
follows, abbr. seq, ; 'tes 
(Lat. m. and f. pi.), 
'iia (, the following, 
abbr. seqq, ; -tibuSy in 
the following places, abbr. 

sequitur (LsLt.), it follows ; 
abbr. seq. 

S.E.R., South-Eastern 

Railway, now S.E. & 

sSracI (Fr. m.), of a glacier ; 
pi. -s. 

seraglio/, a harem ; pron. 
se-ral'yo, pi. -a. 

seraph/, pi. -a ; Heb. pi. 
-im, not -ims. 

Serb., Serbian. 

sere, use sear. 

serecloths, use cere-*. 

serge, large candle, use 

Sergeant, use Seij-. 

Sergeant (Mi aa Adeline), 
writer (see also Sarg-). 

seriatim (Lat.), serially. 

series, abbr. S. 

serif (typ.), the short fine 
lines at the ends of the 

terminating strokes of 
rom. and ital. type. 

Seringapatam, Mysore. 

serio-comic (hyphen). 

Seijeant, not Serg- ; abbr. 

sermonize, not -ise. 

serra (Port.), sierra, moun- 
tain range. 

ser/um,/>/. -a. 

Serv., Servia, -n. 

serviceable, not -cable. 

serviette (Fr.f.),a napkin, 
a towel (not itaL). 

servitor, not -er. 

sesquipedalia verba 
(Lat.), very long words. 

sess., session. 

Session (Court of), su- 
preme Sc. Court, not 

Sessions ; — (Parlia- 
mentary) (caps.). 

sestet, not sex-. 

set, abbr. s. 

set-off (typ.), the transfer 
of ink from one printed 
sheet to another (hy- 

Settlement (Stock Ex.) 

settler, one who settles 
{see settlor). 

settlor (law), one who 
makes a settlement {see 

88t-up (typ.), to compose 

Setzer {G&r. typ. m.),a com- 
positor; Sete/ei!l/er(m.), 
a printer's error. 

Seul, Korea, use Seoul. 

Ssvastopol, use Seb-. 

Sevenoaks, Kent (one 

S6vign6 (Madame de), 
1626-96, Fr. writer. 

Sdvres porcelain. 

sewed (binding), books 
sewed and pasted in paper 
covers ; abbr. sd. 

sewin, salmon-trout, not 

Sexagesima Sunday, 
the second before Lent. 



sextem (typ.)? six sheets 
of paper. 

sextet, use ses-. 

sexto (typ.), a book in 
which the sheets are 
folded into six (a half- 
sheet of twelves), usually 
9X7Va Jn., abbr. 6to; 
sexto- deoimo, ditto into 
sixteen, usually 7x5 in. 
(hyphen), abbr. 16ino, 
read sixteenmo. 

sexualize, not -ise. 

S.P.A., Scottish Football 

sfbrzjando, -ato (It. 
mus.), with sudden em- 
phasis on a chord or note ; 
abbr. sfz. 

S.G., Solicitor-General. 

Sgauarelle, a character 
in Moliere's comedies. 

B.g.d.g. (Fr.), sans garantie 
du gouvemement (with- 
out Government guar- 

sgrafiato (art.) 

*s Qravenhage, Dutch for 
The Hague. 

shadoof, Egypt, water- 
raising apparatus, not -uf. 

shagreen, tanned skin of 
fish, sharks, etc. 

Shahabad, Bengal, Bom- 
bay, Kashmir, Punjab. 

Shairp (Prin. J. C), 
1819-85, writer. 

Shakespear/e (William) , 
1564- 16 16, abbr. Shak. ; 
-ean, not the many varia- 

Shakespeare Society 
(the), but the ISTew 
Shakspere Society. 

shako/, mil. head-dress, not 
sch- ; pi. -s. 

shallot*, a kind of onion, 
not esch-, sch-, schalot. 

shammy - leather, use 
chamois *. 

shandrydan, a rickety 
conveyance, «o/-dery-. 

Shanghai, China. 

shan't (typ.), to be close 

up, one apos. only, first 

omission being unmarked, 
shapeable, not -pable. 
shareholder (one word). 
sharp (mus.), sign %. 
Sharp (Becky), in ' ' Vanity 

Fair" ; — (Granville), 

1734-1813, abolitionist ; 

— (James), 1618-79, 


virtuoso; — (Samuel), 

1 799-1881, Bib. scholar. 
shaykh, use sheikh, 
sheaf,/*/, sheaves, 
shear, to cut {see also 

shearwater, a bird (one 

sheath (noun). 
sheathe (verb). 
shebeen (Irish), unlicensed 

house selling spirits, 
sheer-hulk, not shear-. 
Sheer Thursday, not 

Shere — . 
sheet (typ.), one of the 

separate pieces of definite 

size in which paper is 

sheets (in) (typ.), not 

folded, or if folded not 

Sheffield (Earl of), 
sheikh (Arab.), a chief, 

not -ik, -yk. 
shekarry, use shikaree. 
Shelburne (Earl of) {see 

also Selborne). 
sheldrake, not shell-, 
shellac, a gum, not -ack, 

shelac, shelack. 
Shelley (Percy Bysshe), 

1792-1822, poet, 
shelv/e, -ing, -y. 
Shemite, use Semite. 
Shepherd's Bush, Lon- 
shepherd's/ dog,— purse 

Sheppard (Jack), 1702- 

24, highwayman. 
Sheppey (Isle of). 



Sheraton (Thomas^, 

1 751-1806, furniture 

Sherborn (C. Davies), 

author of " Index Ani- 

malium"; — (C. W.), 

Sherborne (Baron). 
Sherborne, Dorset, Glos. 
Sherbourne, Warwick. 
Sherburn, Dur, Yorks. 
Shere Thursday, use 

Sheer — . 
sberif, Mohammedan title, 

not -eef. 
sheriff, county officer. 
Sherpnr, India. 
shew, use show except in 

Sc. law, and Bib. and 

Prayer Book citations. 
shewbread, except in 

Scrip, use show-, 
sheyk, use sheikh, 
shieling. Highland hut. 
Shifhal, Salop. 
Shiites, followers of Ali. 
shikaree (Ind.), a hunter, 

not the many variations ; 

pron. shi-kar^6. 
Shikarpnr, India. 
shillelagh, Irish cudgel, 

not the many variations, 
shilling/, -s, abbr. s. (not 

ital.) or I- ; — mark 

shilly-shally/, -ing. 
sbintiyaa, loose trousers 

of Moslem women. 
Shinto/, -ism, indigenous 

sMp/building, -owner, 

-shape (one word). 
ships* names (typ.), to be 

roman double-quoted, and 

not italic. 
Shipston - on - Stour, 

Worcs (hyphens). 
Shire/brook, Derby ; 

-coates, Notts ; -hamp- 

ton, Glos ; -newton, 

Mon (one word), 
shoe/, -ing. 
Sholapiir, Bombay. 

Shooter's Hill, Kent, 
short/ and (typ.), the 

ampersand, & ; — letters, 

a, e, etc. 
short/ ton, 2000 lb. ; abbr. 

s.t.; — vowel (typ.), d, /, 

shoulder - notes (typ.), 

marginal notes at the top 

outer corner of the page. 
shouldst (typ.), to be close 

up, no apos. 
shovel/, -led, -ler, -ling, 

-ful, pi. -fuls. 
show, see shew, 
showbread, shew- only 

in Scrip. 
showroom (one word). 
shrivel/, -led, -ling. 
Shropshire, abbr. Salop 

(no point). 
Shrovetide, from the Sat. 

evening before to Ash- 
Wednesday morning. 
S.H.S., Societatis Historix 

Socius (Fellow of the 

Historical Society). 
shumac, use sumac. 
S.h.v., sub hac voce or hoc 

verbo (under this word). 
sbwanpan, Ch\nQs& abacus, 
shy/, -ly, -ness, not shi-. 
S.I., Sandwich Islands, 

Seine-Inferieure, Staten 

Island (N.Y.). 
Si, silicon. 

sialogogue, no/ siala-. 
Sib., Siberia, -n. 
sibyl/, a prophetess ; -line 

{see also Sybil). 
Sic, Sicily, -ian. 
[s/c] (Lat.), thus, so (print 

in brackets). 
sice, use syce. 
slclllenne (a /a), (Fr.), 

in Sicilian style (not cap.). 
sic passim (Lat.), thus, 

here and there. 
Sicut ante (Lat.), as before, 
side-notes (typ.), those in 

the outer margin, same as 

marginal notes (hyphen). 



sidewalk, the footpath 
(one word). 

Sidgwick (Henry), 1838- 
1900, writer on ethics 
{see also Se-). 

Sidi, a negro, not Siddee, 

sihcle (Fr. m.), century ; 
abbr. s. 

Siegfried, a " Nibelungen- 
lied " hero, not Sig-. 

siehe (Ger.), see ; abbr. 8. 

Sienkiewlcz (Henryk), 
1846-, Polish writer. 

Sienna, in It. Siena. 

siesta/ (Sp.), pi. -s. 

Sieveking (Sir E. H.), 
1816-1904, physician. 

Si faiti (Fr.), yes, indeed ! 

Sig., Signor, -i. 

sig., signature. 

Sigfried, use Sieg-. 

Sigilllum (Lat.), a seal ; pi 
-a,pron. si-jiF-. 

sign/, -ed, abbr. s. 

signal/, -ize, -led, -ler, 
-Ung, -ly. 

signatory, not -ary. 

signature/ (mus.), the key 
sign at beginning of the 
stave ; (typ.) to an article 
or document, usually in 
caps, and s.caps. ; — of 
sheets, usually s.caps. at 
foot of first page of sheet, 
three ems from eitherside, 
or in centre. Begin text 
with B, and omit j, v, w. 
When the alphabet is 
exhausted, duplicate the 
letters as 2 a, 3 a, etc. 
The American plan of 
numbering the sheets i, 
2, 3, etc., is recom- 
mended ; it is simpler, 
and has been adopted 
in many recent English 
books. Abbr. sig. 

signed, abbr. s. 

Signorl (It.), Mr., pi -/, 
abbr. Sig. ; -a, Mrs., pi 
-e; -ina. Miss,/)/, -inc. 

signs, see ecclesiastical, 
proof corr. marks, etc. 

Sikanderabad, India, use 

Sikes (Bill), in "Oliver 
Twist," not Sy-. 

Sikkim, E. Himalayas. 

Silbe (Ger. f.), syllable 

siliceous, not -ious. 

silicon, symbol Si. 

sillabub, not silli-, sy-. 

Sillery, a champagne. 

sillometer, a speed 
measurer, not silo-. 

silvan, use sy-. 

silver, symbol Ag {ar- 

s*II vous plait (Fr.), if you 
please ; abbr. s.v.p. 

S.I.M., Serjeant Instructor 
of Musketry. 

simile/, a resemblance ; pi 
-s, not -ies. 

simile (It. mus.), in the 
same manner. 

simllla simlllbus curan- 
tar (Lat.), like cures like. 

similiter (Lat.), in like 

simitar, use scimitar*. 

Simla, Punjab. 
■ Simms ( W. G.), 1806-70, 
American writer {see also 

simoom, not -oon. 

Simpkin, Marshall, & 
Co., Ltd., booksellers, 

Simpllclter (Lat.), abso- 
lutely, without qualifica- 

Simpson (Sir J. Y.), 
181 1-70, first used chloro- 
form as anaesthetic ; — 
(Thomas), 1710-61, 
math, (see also Simson). 

Sims (Q. K.), 1847-, 
pen-name " Dagonet " 
{see also Simms). 

Simson (Robert), 1687- 
1768, editor of "Euclid" 
(5^^ also Simpson). 

slmulacrjum (Lat.), an 
image ; pi -a, 

sin, sine (no point). 
353 23 


sin. (It. mus.), sinistra 
(left hand). 

Sind, Bombay, not -e, -h, 

Sindbad, the sailor, not 

Sindhia of Gwalior 

Sindi/, Sind native ; pi. -S. 

Bine (math.), abbr. sin. 

sinej (Lat.), without ; — 
anno, without the date, 
abbr. s.a. ; — cura, 
without office ; — die, 
without a day (being 
named), abbr. s.d. ; — 
dubiOf — doubt ; — 
invidia, — envy; — 
ioco, anno, vei nom- 
ine, — place, year, or 
name, abbr. s.l.a.n, ; — 
ioco et anno, — place 
and date (said of books 
without imprints) ; — 
mora, — delay ; — 
nomine, — (printer's) 
name, abbr. S.n. — odio, 
— hatred ; — prole, — 
issue, abbr. S.p. ; — qua 
non, an indispensable 
condition, not — qua — . 

sing., singular. 

Singalcademie, Berlin 
(f., one word, cap.). 

Singalese, use Cin- *. 

Singapore, Straits Settle- 

Singapur, Madras {see also 

sing/e, -ed, -eing. 

Singh, Ind. title, as Ran- 
jit Singh, not -ng. 

Singhalese, use Cinga-*. 

Singhpur, Bombay, and 
Central Pro v. {see also 

singiilatJm (Lat.), one 
by one. 

singular, abbr. s., or 

Sinhalese, use Cinga-*. 

sinistra (It. mus.), left 
hand ; abbr. S., or sin, 

Minus, a fold ; pi. same. 

Sioux, N. Amer. Indian; 
pi. same, pron. soo. 

siphon, not sy-. 

siquis (Lat.), if anyone. 

Sir, (typ.) for printed let- 
ters to be indented one 
em ; if a line by itself, 
caps, and s.caps. (cap., 
comma, no dash). 

Sirdar, commander of 
Egyptian army. 

siren, a sea nymph, also 
steam whistle, not sy-. 

sirocco, not sc-. 

sirup, use sy-. 

sister-in-law (hyphens). 

Sistine Chapel, etc., not 

Sisyph/us, -ean. 

sit (Lat.), let it be so. 

Sitapur, Oudh. 

situs (Lat. s. and pi.), a site. 

Siwalik Hills, India, not 

Six Mile Bottom, Cambs 
(three words). 

Sixmilebridge, Co. Clare 
(one word). 

sixte, a fencing parry, etc. 

sixteenmo (typ.), a book 
with sixteen leaves to the 
sheet, usually about 7x5 
in. (one word), a sexto- 
decimo; abbr. 16mo. 

sixty-fourmo(typ.), abook 
with sixty-four leaves to 
the sheet, usually about 
3V2X2V4 in. (hyphen); 
abbr. 64mo (no point). 

sizable, not -eable. 

sizar, an assisted student. 

size copy (binding), a 
dummy of blank paper 
to show size of bound 

sizes of type, see type, 
and the various names. 

S. J., Society of Jesus (Je- 

S.J.C. (U.S.A.), Supreme 
Judicial Court. 

Skager-Rack, North Sea 
(caps., hyphen), not the 
many variations. 


SKEAN — S.M J). 

skean-dhu, Scotch dirk. 

skee, see ski. 

skein, of silk, etc., not -ain, 

skeleton type, » face of type 

wicb *.>iiTi light iiues, as this. 

skeptic, use sc-. 

Skerryvore lighthouse. 

ski/, a runner attached to 
the foot for snow, not 
skee; pi. -B,pron. skee. 

skiagraph. X-ray photo- 
graph, not scia-, scio-, 

ski-ing, using skis (hy- 

skilful, not skill-. 

skinflint, a miser (one 

skiver (binding), the grain 
side of a split sheep- 

Skt., Sanskrit. 

skulk, not SC-. 

skull, to row, use sc-. 

skull-less (hyphen, 3 /'s). 

Skuptschina, Servian 
National Assembly. 

Skutari, use Sc-. 

Skye terrier (cap. S). 

skyey, not skiey. 

S.Xj., serjeant-at-law. 

slaked lime, not slack . 

Slamannan, Stirlingshire 

(3 «'s). 

S,l.a.n., stne loco, anno, vel 
nomine (without place, 
date, or name). 

slap-dash, oflf-hand (hy- 

S. lat., south latitude. 

Slatin (Sir Rudolf C), 
1857-, — Slatin Pasha 
— Insp.-Gen. of Sudan. 

Slav/ic, -onian, -onic, of 
the Slavs, not Sc- ; abbr. 
Slav (no point). 

sld., sailed. 

sled, sledge, a sleigh for 

sleigh, a carriage on run- 
ners for snow. 

sleight, of hand, not sli-. 

sleuth-hound (hyphen). 

slew round, use slue — . 

slip proofs, see proof, 
galley or slip. 

slipshod (one word). 

Sloan (Tod), Am er. jockey. 

Sloane (Sir Hans), 1660- 
1753, naturalist. 

sloid, manual training, not 
-jd, -yd. 

sloping fractions (typ.), 
those with an oblique 
stroke as ^2 (^^^ ^^•so frac- 

sloth (200I.). 

Slough, near Windsor ; 
pron. as in how. 

slough, to shed ; pron. sluf. 

sloyd, use sloid. 

S,I.p,j sine legititna prole 
(without lawful issue). 

slu/e round, to rotate, not 
slew — ; -ing. 

slyly, not sli-. 

slype, the passage between 
south transept and chap- 
ter house. 

S.M., Senior Magistrate, 
Serjeant- or Staff-Major, 
Short Metre, Sons of 
Malta, State MiHtia, (Fr.) 
Sa Majeste\ (Ger.) Seine 
Majestdt, (It.) Sua Maestd, 
(Sp.) Su Magestad (His 

Sm, samarium. 

small capitals, see capi- 
tals (small). 

small paper (typ.), the 
ordinary copies of a book 
of which a large-paper 
edition is issued ; abbr. 

small pica (typ.), a size 
of type as this. Ten 
and a half point and 
seven hnes to the 
inch ; abbr. s.p. 

smallpox (one word). 

Smalls, Oxford " Respon- 
sions" Examination. 

S.M.D. (mus.). Short Metre 
355 23* 

S.M.E. — SOL. 

S.M.E., Sanda Mater 

Ecclesia (Holy Mother 

Church), School of Mili- 
tary Engineering. 
Smelfungus, Sterne's 

name for Smollett (one /). 
smelling-salts (hyphen). 
smell-less (hyphen). 
smelt, not smelled. 
smelt, a small sea fish {see 

also smolt). 
S.M.I. (Fr.), Sa Majeste 

Imperiale (His, or Her, 

Imperial Majesty). 
Smijth(Sir W. Bowyer-), 

Smith (Sir Sidney), 1764- 

1840, defend, of St. Jean 

d'Acre ; — (Sydney), 

1771-1845, wit. 
Smithsonian Institu- 
tion, Washington, U.S. A. ; 

abbr. Smith. Inst. 
S.M.M., Sancta Mater Maiia 

(Holy Mother Mary). 
smok/e, -able, -y. 
Smollett (Tobias G.), 

I72i(?)-7i, writer, 
smolt, a young salmon {see 

also smelt), 
smooth/, -s, not -e, -es. 
smoulder, not smol-. 
S.m.p., sine mascula prole 

(without male issue). 
S.M.S. (Ger.), Seiner Ma- 

jestdtSchiff{}iiis Majesty's 

Smyrniot, of Smyrna. 
Smyth (Sir H. A.), 1825-, 

Smythe(Sir J.W.), 1827-. 
Sn, stannum (tin). 
S,n,, sine nomine (without 

snapdragon (one word), 
snead, a scythe handle, not 

the many variations. 
Sneyd, />ro«. sneed. 
snipe, sing, and plural. 
snivel/, -led, -ling, 
snow (naut), abbr. s. 
S.O., Stationery Office, 

8.0., seller's option. 


So-and-so (Mr.), (cap., 

Soane's (Sir John) mu- 

Sobranje, Bulgarian Na- 
tional Assembly, not -ye. 

sobriquet, not soub- (not 
ital.); pron. so'bre-ka. 

Soc, Society, Socrates. 

so-called (hyphen only in 
adjectival form). 

Socialist (cap.) ; abbr. (Si) 

socialize, not -ise. 

SOCiSUj (Fr. f.), society; 

— anonyme, limited 
liability company ; So- 
ci6ti des Bibliophiles 
francoiSy founded 1820, 
not franfais (I.e./). 

Society, abbr. S., or Soc. 

sociol., sociology. 

Soc. Isl., Society Islands. 

SOCiusj (Lat.), Fellow, As- 
sociate, abbr. S. ; — cri- 
tnittis, associate in crime. 

Socotra, Indian Ocean, not 
-ora, Sok-. 

Socrates, 469-399 b.c, not 

sodium, symbol Na {na- 

Sodom and Gomor/rah, 
Old T. ; in New T. -rha. 

Sodor and Man (Bp. of). 

saeur de ciiaritS (Fr. f.), 
a Sister of Mercy. 

soffit, under-surface of 

Soja, use Sufi. 

S. of M., School of Mus- 
ketry ; S. of T., Sons of 

SOftat Moham. student. 

sogenannt (Ger.), so- 
called ; abbr. sog. 

soi-disant, self-styled (hy- 
phen, not ital.). 

soiree/, an evening party; 

— dansante, ditto with 
dancing ; — musicale, 
ditto music (not ital.). 

Sokrates, use Soc-. 
Sol (Lat.), the sun (cap.), 
Sol., Solomon. 


sol., solicitor, solution, 
solan goose, the gannet, 

not -andf -en, -ent. 
solati/um (Lat.), compen- 
sation ; pi. -a. 
sola topee (Ind.), a sun 

helmet, not solar-. 
soldjo, It. halfpenny ; pi. -/. 
solecize, not -ise. 
solemnize, not -ise. 
solen, a mollusc. 
sol-fa (mus.) (hyphen). 
Solicitor-General (caps., 

hyphen); abbr.Sol.-Gen. 
solicitude, in Fr. f. soil-. 
solid (typ.), matter set 

without leads. 
SOlidarltS (Fr. f.), soli- 
solid/us (Lat.), shilling ; 

pi. -i, abbr. s. (not ital.) ; 

(typ.) the shiUing stroke,/; 

also used for fractions, 
soliloquize, not -ise. 
solmization (mus.), not 

sol/o, abbr. S. ; pi. -03, It. 

mus. pi. -/. 
soil US (theat.), fern, -a, 

solvable, not -eable, -ible. 
Somaliland (one word). 
somebody, somehow 

(one word). 
some one (two words). 
Somerby, Leics, Lines, 
somersault, not -set. 
Somersby, Lines, birth- 
place of Tennyson, 
some/thing, -what, 

-where (one word). 
somme (Fr. m.), sleep; (f.) 

a sum. 
Son (the), as Deity (cap.)i 
son, abbr. s. 
sonata/ (mus.), pi. -s. 
Sondes (Earl, not of). 
Song of Solomon, abbr. 

Song of Sol. 
songs (titles of) (typ.), 

when cited, to be rorfian 

son-in-law (hyphens) ; pi. 

sons- . 

Sonnenschein&Co., Ltd. 

(Swan), publishers, Lon- 
don (no point after 

Son of/ God, Man 

soochong, use sou-, 
soofee, use suii. 
S.O.P., Staff Officer of 

Sop., soprano, -s. 
sophomore (U.S.), second- 
year student, not sophi-. 
sopra (It.), above; come 

— , as above, 
sopran/o (mus.), Eng. />/. 

-OS, It. pi. -/; abbr. S., 

or Sop. 
Sorbonne (Palais de la), 

s'orienter (Fr.), to take 

one's bearings, to gain 

information about. 
sorrel (bot.), not -ell. 
SO-SO, passable (hyphen). 
SOttOJ (It.), under ; — voce, 

in an undertone, pron. 

souj (Fr. m.), halfpenny, 

pi. 'S ; gros — , penny, 
soubrette, maid-servant. 
soubriquet, use sob-, 
souchong, a tea, not soo-. 
Soudan/, -ese, use Sud-. 
SOUfflS (Fr. m.), very light 

milk pudding. 
souffleur (Fr. m.), theat. 

Soult (K".-J. de D.), 1769- 

185 1, Fr. marshal. 
soup con, a taste, a very 

small quantity (not ital.). 
SOUpe (Fr. f.), broth. 
soupe de Vlade (Fr. f.), 

mulligatawny soup. 
souper (Fr. m.), supper, 

not -pe. 
souris (Fr. m.), smile ; (f.) 

south/, -em, abbr. S. (see 

also compass). 
South Africa/, -n, abbr. 

S.A. ; — America/, 
-n, abbr. S. Amer. ; 



South Australia/, -n, 
abbr. S. Austral.; — 
Carolina, S.C. ; — Da- 
kota, S.Dak. (off.). 

Southdo^wn, sheep and 
mutton (one word). 

South Downs, Hants, etc. 
(two words). 

south-east (hyphen), abbr. 
S.E. (5^^ also compass). 

southern, abbr. S. 

Southey (Kobert), 1774- 
1843, Poet Laureate. 

Southwark, or "The 
Borough," Surrey; pron. 
sCith'erk {th soft). 

Southwell (Bp. of), pron. 
suth'el {th soft). 

south- west(hyphen),abbr. 
S. W. {see also compass). 

sou'wester, sailor's hat. 

sovereign/, -s, abbr. sov. 

Soyer (Alexis), 1809-58, 


S.P. (typ.), small paper, or 
the ordinary copies of a 
book of which a large- 
paper edition is issued. 

Sp., Spain, Spanish. 

sp., specieSjSpecimen, spirit. 

S.p., short page, small pica 
(type), starting price ; 
S.p., sine prole (without 

spaces (typ.), blanks for 
placing between letters, 
words, or lines. 

spadeful/, pi. -s. 

spahee,Turk. horse-soldier, 
not -hi. 

Spain, abbr. Sp. 

spandrel (arch.), «o/-il. 

Spanish, abbr. Sp. ; (typ.) 
alphabet consists of 27 let- 
ters, including the sounds 
cA, //, and «, but does not 
include k and w. II and 
rr must not be separated. 
The portion carri^ over 
to begin with a consonant. 
Notes of exclam. and in- 
terrog. are inverted before 
and upright after their 
phrases. Caps, much less 

used than in Eng. n must 

never be substituted for fl. 

Small caps, and italic as in 

Eng. Accents are much 

Spanish n (;1), " curly «," 

or "« with the tilde"; 

pron. as ni in onion. 
S.P.A.S., Societatis Philo- 

sophtge Americanae, Socius 

(Fellow of the Amer. 

Philosophical Society). 
S.P.C., Society for the 

Prevention of Crime ; 

S.P.C.K., Society for 

Promoting Christian 

spec, special, -ly, specific, 

-ally, -ation, spectrum. 
SpicialitS (Fr. f.), a spec- 
iality (ital.). 
speciality, not -Ity. 
specialize, not -ise. 
species, 5i«^. and/)/. ; abbr. 

sp. {see also botany, 

specific gravity, abbr. sp. 

gr. ; (typ.) put in figures, 
specimen, abbr. sp. 
spectr/um, pi. -a; abbr. 

speculat/e, -or. 
specul/um, />/. -a. 
speech (break in), see 

punctuation, X. 
spelaean, cave-dwelling, 

not -can. 
spelt, not spelled. 
spence, a larder, not -se. 
spencer, an overcoat. 
Spencer (Earl, not of). 
Spen/cer(Herbert), 1820- 

i903,philos. ; adj.-cerian. 
Spen/ser (Edmund), 

1552-99, poet ; adj. 

spew, to vomit, not spue. 
Spezia, Italy, not Spezz-. 
Spezzia, Greece. " 
S.P.G-., Society for the 

Propagation of the Gospel, 
sp. gr., specific gravity. 
spherical, abbr. s. 
sphinx/, not sphy- ; pi. -es. 



spick-and-span, adj. (hy- 

Spiegeleisen (Ger. n.), 
specular iron. 

spinach, not -age. 

spinney, a thicket, not -ny. 

Spinozism, the system of 
Spinoza (cap.). 

spiraea (hot.). 

spirit, abbr. sp. 

spiritualize, not -ise. 

spirt, use spu-. 

Spithead (one word). 

Spitzbergen, not Spits-. 

splendider Satz (Ger. 
typ. m.), widely-spaced 
or leaded matter. 

split fractions, see frac- 

split infinitive, the sep- 
aration of "to" from the 
verb by an adverb, as 
"he used to often say." 
Objected to by many, but 
frequently used in O.E.D. 

S.P.M. (mus.), Short Par- 
ticular Metre. 

spode china. 

Spohr (Louis), 1784-1859, 

SpOliaj (Lat.), spoils ; — 
opitaa, the richest spoils ; 
also trophy won by 
generals of opposing 
armies in single combat. 

spoliation, not spoil-. 

spoonful/, pi. -s. 

spoony, foolishly fond, not 

sporan, the kilt pouch, 
not -rran. 

Sposja (It.), a bride, pi. -e; 
-O, bridegroom, pi. -/. 

S.P.Q.R., SenatusPopulus- 
que Romanus (the Senate 
and Roman people) ; small 
profits and quick re- 

S.P.R., Society for Psychi- 
cal Research. 

sprightly, not spritely. 

spring (season of) (not 


cut edges of books finely 

sprinkled with colour. 
S.P.R.Ii., Society for the 

Promotion of Religion and 

Sprouston, Kelso. 
Sprowston, Norwich. 
S.p,S., sine prole supersiite 

(without surviving issue). 
S.P.S.P. (Papal seal), St. 

Peter and St. Paul, 
spue, use spew, 
spurt, not -irt. 
Spurzheim (J. G.), 1776- 

1832, phrenologist, 
sput/um, expectorated 

matter ; pi. -a. 
sq./, square ; — ft., — feet ; 

— in., — inches ; — m., 
— metre, — miles ; — yd., 

— yards (each 5. and pi.). 
squalls (naut.), abbr. q. 
squar/e, -ing {see also 

capitalization, sq.). 

square root, sign V. 

squeegee, not the many 

squeezable, not -cable. 

Squier (E. G.), 1821-88, 
Amer. writer. 

squilgee, use squeegee. 

squirearchy, not -rarchy. 

Sr, strontium. 

S.R.I., Sacrum Rontanunt 
Imperiunt (the Holy 
Roman Empire). 

Srinagar, India, not Ser-. 

S.K.S., Societatis Regix 
Sodalis (Fellow of the 
Royal Society). 

S.S., Sunday school. Secre- 
tary of State, steamship, 
(Fr.)SaSaw^^//(His Holi- 
ness), Straits Settlements. 

SS., Saints, (Ger.) Sankt 
(saints), Seiten (pages), 
(Lat.) sanctissitnus (most 

SS. (med.), half. 

S.S., screw steamer, (It. 
mus.) sema sordini (with- 
out mutes). 

S.S.C. (Sc), Solicitor be- 
fore the Supreme Courts ; 



Sodeias Sanctx Cruets 

(Society of the Holy 

SS.D., Sattcttsstmus Dom- 

intis (Most Holy Lord, i.e. 

the Pope). 
S.S.£j., south-south-east 

{see also compass). 
S.S.G.O-,, letters of the 

Vehtngericht : Stock, Stein, 

Gras, Grein (stick, stone, 

grass, groan). 
S.S.M., Society of the 

Sacred Mission, Squad- 
ron Serjeant-Major. 
S.S.S.C. (paper), soft-sized, 

S.S.TJ., Sunday School 

S.S.W., south-south-west 

{see also compass). 
St., Saint; (typ.) always in 

alphabetic arrangement 

to be placed under Saint, 

not St- ; strait, -s, street. 
S.t., short ton. 
St., stanza, stone, strophe, 

(typ.) stet (let it remain % 
St. (Ger.), statt (instead of\ 
Sta (It.), santa (female 

saint) (no point). 
Staal (baron de), 1822-, 

Russ. diplomatist ; — 

(baromie de), 1684- 

1750, writer {see also 

Stael, Stahl). 
" Staatsanzeiger,** Ger. 

(m.) Official Gazette. 
Staats - General, Dutch 

legislative assembly. 
Stabat Mater (Lat.), the 

Mother was standing 

(R.C.C. liturgy). 
stabbed (binding), a form 

of wiring for pamphlets. 
staccato, distinct(not ital,). 
Stadtholder.Du. governor, 

not Stadh-. 
Stael (Madame de), 

1766- 18 17, Fr. writer {see 

also Staal, Stahl). 
stafg, pi. -s, or staves 
Staffs, Staffordshire. 
staghound (one word). 

Stagirite (the), Aristotle, 
«o/'Stagy-; /'ro/i.staj'e-rlt. 

stagy, not -ey. 

Stahl (F. J.), i8o2-6i, 
writer {see also Staal, 

staid, solemn, not stayed. 

stalactite, deposit on cave 
roofs ; Stalagmite, de- 
posit on cave floors. 

Stalbridge (Baron). 

stalemate (chess) (one 

stamen/ (bot.), pi. -s. 

stamina, power of endur- 

sfa/npa^/o,-a(It.),printed ; 
-OrCy a printer. 

Stamp 0£Sce (two words). 

stanch, not staun-. 

standardize, not -ise. 

stand/point, -still (one 

stannary, a tin mine. 

Stannum, tin ; symbol 

Stanstead, Suffolk. 

Stansted, Essex, Kent. 

stanz/a, pi. -as. It. pi. 
-e ; abbr. st. 

star (typ.), the asterisk *. 

star/, -red, -ry, -ring. 

Starcross, Devon (one 

starfish (one word). 

starting-point (hyphen). 

stat., statuary, statute. 

Stat., statim (immediately). 

State, government (cap.). 

Staten Island, New York, 
not Staa- ; abbr. S.I. 

statics, is singular. 

statim (Lat.), immediately; 
abbr. stat. 

stationary, fixed. 

Stationers* Hall, London 
(apos. at end). 

Stationery, paper, etc. 

statistics, is plural. 

statt (Ger.), instead of; 
abbr. st. 

statuary, abbr. stat. 


status, rank (not ital.). 



statu squoj(Lat.), the same 

state as now ; ante, 

ditto as before. 

statute, abbr. stat. 

staunch, use stanch. 

Staunton (H.), 1810-74, 
chess player. 

stayed, stopped, noi staid. 

S.T.B., Sacrx Theologige 
Baccalaureus (Bachelor of 

Theology) ; S.T.D., ■ 

Doctor (Doctor of Theo- 

Ste (Fr. f.), sainte (female 
saint) (no point). 

Steadfast, not sted-.- 

steamboat (one word). 

steam/-engine, ham- 
mer (hyphen). 

Steamship (one word), 
abbr. S.S. 

Steel (Flora Annie), 
1847-, writer; — (Sir 
James), 1830- 1904. 

Steele (F. M.), writer; 
— (Sir Richard), 1672- 
1729, writer. 

Steell (Sir John), 1804- 
91, sculptor. 

steeplechase/, -r, 

Steevens (George), 1736- 
1800, Shak. writer {^see 
also Stephen, Stevens). 

Steinberg, a hock. 

Steinitz (W.), 1836-1900, 
chess player. 

stem, abbr. s. 

stemmja, a pedigree ; pi. 

stencil/, -ler, -ling. 

step/brother, -child, 
-daughter, -father, 
-mother, -sister, -son 
(each one word). 

Stephen (Sir Leslie), 
1832-1904, writer (^see also 
Steevens, Stevens). 

Stephenson (George), 
1781--1848, originator of 
railways; — (Robert), 
1803-59, son of above {see 
also Stev-). 

steppe, a plain. 

Btepping-stone (hyphen). 

stereotype (typ.), a cast 
or plate taken in stereo- 
type metal from a matrix, 
as of paper or plaster, 
reproducing the form of 
the type, plate, etc., from 
which the matrix was 
made ; abbr. stereo (no 

stSreotypie (Fr. f.), stereo- 

sterilize, not -ise. 

Sterling (John), 1806-45, 
writer (see also Stir-). 

sterling, abbr. stg. 

Sterne (Laurence, not 
Law-), 1713-68, writer. 

stet (typ.), a Latin word 
meaning let it stand, writ- 
ten in the proof margin to 
cancel an alteration, dots 
being placed under the 
word that is to remain ; pi. 
stent; abbr. for both st. 

Steuart (Sir A. H. 
Seton-), 1856- ; — 
(J. A.), 1861-, writer {see 
also Stewart, Stuart). 

Stevens (Alfred), 1818- 
75, sculptor {see also 
Steevens, Stephen). 

Stevenson (Robert), 
1772-1850, lighthouse 
engineer ; — (Robert 
Louis), 1850-94, writer 
{see also Stephenson). 

Stewart, fam. name Earl of 
Galloway ; — (Dugald), 
1 753-1828, metaph. ; — 
(Sir H. J. U.), 1872- ; 
—(Sir J. M.),i83o-i905; 
— (Sir M. H. Shaw-), 
1854- ;— (Sir M. J. M.), 
1831-1900 ;— (Sir N.R.), 
1851- ; — (Sir R. C), 
1836- {see also Steuart, 

stg., sterling. 

Stibium, symbol Sb. 

stich, a verse ; pron. stik. 

stigma/, a brand ; pi. -s. 

stigmatize, not -ise. 

stile over a fence {see also 



stiletto/, pi. -8. 

stillborn (one word). 


Stilton cheese (cap.). 

stimie (golf), use sty-. 

stimiil/us, />/. -i. 

stip., stipend, -iary. 

stirk, a young ox or cow, 
not ste-, stu-. 

Stirling, Stirlingshire. 

Stirling (J. Hutchison, 
not Hutchin-), 1820-, 
metaph. {see also Ster-). 

stirpjs (Lat.), lineage ; pi. 

Stock Exchange (caps.) ; 
abbr. S/E. 

stockholder (one word). 

stockinet, an elastic fabric, 
not -ette, -inget. 

stoicheio/logy, -metry, 
the doctrine of elements, 
not stoechio-, stoichio-. 


ston/e, abbr. st. ; -y. 

Stoneleigh, Kenilworth. 

Stonely, St. Neots. 

Stonyhurst College, 

stoop, flagon, platform, not 

Stopgap (one word). 

storey, use story. 

Storey's Gate, London, 
S.W. (apos.). 

Storied, not -yed. 

storiologist, a folklorist. 

Storthing, legislative as- 
sembly of Norway. 

stor/y, of a building or a 
tale, not -ey ; pi. -ies. 

story/-book, — -teller, 
telling (h3rphens). 

stoup, use stoop. 

stow^away (one word). 

S.T.P., Sacrae Theologiae 
Professor (Professor of 
Sacred Theology). 

Strachan, ^n>M. strawn. 

Strachey (Sir Edward), 
1858- ; — (Sir E. P.), 
1871- ; Strachey (Sir 
John), 1 823-; — (Sir 
Hichard), 1817-1908. 

Stradbroke (Earl of). 

Stradivarius, an instru- 
ment made by Antonio 
Stradivari or Antonins 
Stradivarius, of Cre- 
mona, 1650-1737. 

Strafford (Earl of). 

straight accents (typ.), 
the long accents, as «, e. 

Straightforward (one 

strait/, -s, when with name 
to be cap. ; abbr. St. 

straitZ-laced, — -waist- 
coat, not straight (hy- 

Stranraer, Wigtown. 

Strasburg, in Fr. Stras- 
bourg, in Ger. Strass- 
burg. ' 

Stratford de Redcliffe 
(Viscount), 1 786-1880, 

Stratford-on-Avon (hy- 

strathspey, Sc. dance. 

strato-cirrus (meteor.), 
use cirro-stratus. 

Strat/um, a layer ; pi. -a. 

strat/us, a low layer of 
cloud, pi. -i ; abbr. s. 

Streatfeild,fam. name, not 

street (typ.), name of, to 
have initial caps., as Re- 
gent Street ; spell out 
when a number, as Fifth 
Avenue ; number of 
house in, not to be 
followed by any point, as 
6 Fleet Street ; in jour- 
nalism, hyphen and lower- 
case r usual, as Regent- 
street ; abbr. St. 

stri/a, a stripe ; pi. -m, 

Stticbpunkt (Ger. m.), 
semicolon (cap.). 

Strong (Sir S. H.), 1825- 
1909, judge. 

Stronge (Sir J. H.), 1849-. 

Stronsay, Orkneys. 

strontium, symbol Sr. 

Strutt, fam. name of Barons 
Belper and Rayleigh. 



•* Stmwwelpeter," Ger. 

child's book, 
strychnine, not -in. 
S.T.S., Scottish Text Soc. 
Stuart, fam. name of Earl 
of Moray and Baron Blan- 
tyre; — (House of) ; — 
(Sir E. A.), 1832- ; 
— (Leslie) , comooser ; — 
(Sir S. H. Ii.), 1*864- {see 
also Steuart, Stewart). 

Stuck (Ger. n.), a piece. 

Studio/, pi. -s. 

stumbling - block (hy- 

Btupe^, ftot -ify. 

Sturm- und Drang-Pe- 
riode (Ger.), storm and 
stress period : 1775-1800. 

Stuttgart, not Stfl-, -ard. 

sty, not stye. 

Stygian, of the river Styx. 

style, custom, manner ; but 
stile over a fence. 

style of the house (t}^?.), 
thecustora of each printing 
establishment as to use of 
caps., itaHc, spelling, etc. 

stymie (golf), «o/stimie, -y. 

Styx, a river in Hades. 

Suabia, use Swa-. 

Suakin, Red Sea, not -im. 

sub., subaltern, subscrip- 
tion.substitute, suburb,-an. 

sub (Lat.), under. 

subahdar (Ind.), a native 

subaltern, abbr. sub. 

SUbaudi (Lat.), under- 
stand, supply ; abbr. sub. 

sub-bass (hyphen). 

sub/ deacon, -dean, 

-divide (one word). 

sub-edit/, -or, -orial (hy- 

subfusc/, -ous, dark. 

sub-genus (hyphen). 

sub-headings, see head-, 
ings (sub-). 

SUbj., subject, -ive, -ively, 

sub judice (Lat.), under 

subjunctive, abbr. subj. 

sub-kingdom (hyphen). 
sublet (one word). 
sub-lieutenant (hyphen). 
Sublime Porte, Turkish 

Court and Government. 
sub modo (Lat.), in a 

qualified sense ; sub- 

poBna, under penalty, not 

-pena (one word, not ital. ) ; 

sub rosa, privately, 
subscription, abbr. sub. 
subsection (one word) ; 

abbr. subsec 
subsidize, not -ise. 
subj sigillo (Lat.), in the 

strictest confidence ; — 

silentio, in silence, 
sub-species (hyphen). 
subst., substantive. 
substantive, abbr. s., or 

subst. {see nouns), 
substitute, abbr. sub. 
substrat/um, />/. -a. 
subtile, fine {see also 

subtilize, not -ise. 
sub-title, a bastard, fly, or 

half-title placed before the 

full title page, 
subtle, insinuating {see also 

suburb/, -an, abbr. sub. 
subl voce or — verbo 

(Lat.), under a specified 

word ; abbr. s.V. 
sub"wray (one word), 
succeeded, abbr. s. 
succ^sl d'estime (Fr.m.), a 

success with more honour 

than profit; — fou, an 

extravagant success, 
such-like (hyphen), 
sucking-pig (hyphen). 
sud (Fr. m.), south ; abbr. S. 
Slid (Ger. m. ) , south ; abbr. 

S. (cap.). 
Sudan/, -ese, not Sou-. 
Sudeley (Baron). 
Sudley (Viscount), 
su/e, -ed, -ing. 
suede, dull-dressed kid, as 

for gloves (6). 
su6doise{h la), in Swedish 

style {6, not cap.). 



sufT, suffix. 

SUfficlIt (Lat.), it is suffi- 
cient ; pi. 'iunt 

BUfi.,a Mohammedan mystic, 
not sofi, soofee, sophy. 

suggestible, not -able. 

suggestio falsi (Lat.), an 
indirect lie. 

suij generis (Lat.), of his, 
her,its, or their,own kind ; 

— juris, of full age and 

Suissej (Fr.), native of 
Switz., also a porter ; 
/em. 'Sse; la Suisse, 

suite, of rooms (not ital.). 

suite] (Fr. f.), continuation; 

— et fin, conclusion. 
SUivrej (a) (Fn), to be con- 
tinued; faire — (letters 
and parcels) to forward, 
(typ.) to run on. 

Sully - Prudhomme (R. 
F. A.), 1839-, Fr. poet. 

sulphur, symbol S. 

sulphuretted, not -eted. 

Sultan/, /em, -a, abbr. 

Sultanpur, India. 

sum (math.), symbol 2. 

sumac (bot.), «o/sh-, -ach. 

summ.arize, not -ise. (not cap.). 

summum bonum (Lat.), 
the supreme good. 

sun, abbr. S. 

sun/beam, -bonnet, 

-burn (one word). 

Sunday, abbr. S., or Sun. 

sundial (one word). 

sunflower (one word). 

sunn, E. Indian fibre. 

Sunna, traditionary Mos- 
lem law. 

Sunni, an orthodox Mos- 
lem, not -ee. 

Bun/rise, -set, -shade, 
-shine, -spot, -stroke 
(one word). 

SUOJ jure (Lat.), in one's 
own right ; — loco, in its 
own place. 

Bup,, superior, supine. 

sup. (Lat.), supra (above). 

super., superfine. 

super-calendered paper, 
highly rolled for dry 
printing; abbr. B.C. 

supercargo (one word). 

superexcellen/ce, -t (one 

super-extra (binding), in 
the best manner: coloured 
end leaves, double head- 
bands, etc. 

superficialize, not -ise. 

superficies, a surface, sing. 
and pi. 

superfine, abbr. super. 

superintendent, abbr. 

superior, abbr. sup. 

superior characters 
(typ.), those set above 
the hne, as ^> -> •» ^ 

superl., superlative. 

superpose, not -ze. 

super royal, printing paper 
27 Vj X 20^3 in. {see also 
books, paper). 

supersede, not -cede. 

supervise, not -ize. 

supervisor, not -er. 

supine, abbr. sup. 

supp., supplement. 

supplement, abbr. supp. 

supplicator, not -er. 

supposititious, not 


suppository, not -ary. 

suppressio veri (Lat.), 
suppression of the truth. 

suppressor, not -er. 

supr., supreme. 

supra (Lat.), above, for- 
merly ; abbr. sup. 

supreme (Fr. f.), a method 
of cooking. 

supt., superintendent. 

sur (Fr. prep.), upon; (adj.) 

. sour, /em. sure. 

SUriFr.), sure, safe. 

surah, a thin silk fabric. 

Suraj a Dowlah,of Bengal. 

Surat, Bombay. 

surcingle, a belt. 

surfeit/, -er, -ing. 



surg/eon, -ery, -ical, 
abbr. surg. 

Surgeon- General (hy- 
phen) ; abbr. Surg.-Gen. 

Surgeons (Royal College 
of), abbr. R.C.S. 

surmise, not -ize. 

surplus, abbr. S. 

surprise, not -ize. 

surrenderor (law), not 

sursum conJa (Lat.), (lift) 
up your hearts. 

surtout, an overcoat. 

surv., surveying, -or, sur- 

survivor, not -er. 

Susanna (Apocr.), no abbr. 

suspender, not -or. 

suspensio per collum 
(Lat.), hanging by the 
neck; abbr. SUS. per 

suspensor, not -er. 

Susquehanna River, 
U.S.A., Ko/-ana. 

Sutlej, Punjab river. 

Suwanee River, Amer., 
not Swa-. 

S.V., Sancta Virgo (Holy 
Virgin), Sanctitas Vestra 
(Your Holiness), Sons of 

S.V., sub voce, or verbo (under 
a word or heading, as in 
a dictionary). 

svastika, use sw-. 

svelte (Ft.), elegant. 

Svendsen (J. S.), 1840-, 

Sverige, local for Sweden. 

S.v.p. (Fr.), s^il vous plait 
(if you please). 

S.W., Senior Warden, 
South Wales, south-west 
{see also compass). 
South - Western postal 
district of London. 

Sw., Sweden, -ish. 

Sw^abia, not Su-. 

Sw^ahili, a people and lan- 
guage about Zanzibar. 

Swalcliffe, Oxfordshire. 

Swaleclifife, Kent. 

Swammerdam (Jan), 
1637-80, Du. naturalist. 

swanpan, use sbw-. 

swansdown (one word). 

swap, to exchange, «o/-op. 

swash letters (typ.), 
seventeenth-century ital. 
caps, with tails and flour- 
ishes, as ^, "2, etc. 

swastika, a religious sym- 
bol, not SV-. 

sw^ath, a line of cut grass. 

swathe, to bind. 

SAvede, a root (not cap.). 

Sweden, abbr. Sw., local 
Sverige {see also As- 

Sweden and Norway, in 
this order, not Norway and 
Sweden ; local Sverige 
och Norge. 

Sv?^edish, abbr. Sw. ; 
(typ.) alphabet contains 
Ger. a, 0. Also the 
peculiar "Swedish a" 
{A, &) pron. somewhat 
as o. In alph. arrange- 
ment &, a, o, are put after 
z. The acute accent may 
be used to mark an ac- 
cented syllable. 

Sweet (Henry), d. 191 2, 
philol. {see also Swete). 

sweetbread (cook.) (one 

sweetbrier, not -briar (one 

sweet/-oil, — -pea (hy- 

sweet-william (bot.) 
(hyphen, not caps.). 

swell dash (typ. ),Fr. rule, 
the * 

Swete (H. B.), 1835-, of 
Camb., writer {see also 

Sweynheim and Pan- 
nartz, earliest printers 
in Italy. 

S.W.G., standard wire 

Swinburne (A. C), 1837- 
1909, poet. 

Swin Channel, Thames. 



Swindon, Wilts. 

swingeing, a hard (blow). 

Swinton, Lanes, Yorks. 

Switliin/(St.), Bp. of Win- 
chester 852-62; -*sDay, 
15 July, not -un. 

Switzerland,abbr. Switz. ; 
in Fr. la Suisse, in Gar. 
die Schweiz, in It. 
Svizzera {see also As- 

swop, use swap. 

Sybil, christian name {see 
also sibyl). 

sycamore (bot.). 

syce, noi si-. 

sycomore (Bib.). 

Sydney Heads, two cliffs. 

Sykes, see Si-. 

syllabtib, use si-. 

syllabus/, pi. -es. 

syllogize, not -ise. 

sylvan, not si-. 

symbolize, not -ise. 

sympathize, not -ise. 

symposi/um, pi. -a. 

syn., synonym, -ous. 

synaeresis, gram, contrac- 
tion, not -crosis. 

synagog/al, -ic. 

synchronize, not -ise. 

syncope, />roM. sin'kup-6. 

syne (aiildlang), the days 
long ago. 

synonym/, -ous, abbr. 
syn. ; -ize, -y, not -e, 
-ise, -ey. 

synops/is, pi. -es. 

synthesize, not -ise. 

syphon, use si-. 

S37T., Syria, -c, -n. 

syren, use si-. 

Syriac, abbr. Syr. ; (typ.) 
has 22 letters, besides 
vowel points, reads from 
right to left, and is set 
as Hebrew. There are 
three forms of type, Es- 
trangeio, Jacobite, Nes- 

S3rringe/, -ing, not si-. 

syrup, not sirop, -up ; abbr. 

syst., system. 

systematize, not -ise. 

syzygy (astr.), the moon 
being in conjunction or 







T., temperature, Tenor, Ter- 
ritory ,Testament,the nine- 
teenth in a series, all 
proper names with this 
initial, (It. mus.) tace (be 
t., ton, -s, town, -ship, tun, 
-s, (Fr.) tome (volume), 
tonneau (ton), (Lat.) tem- 
pore (in the time of), 
(mus.) tempo (time), 
tenorje, -» (tenor, -s), 
(naut.) thunder. 
»t (Du.), ftet (the, n.), as 

van 't Hoflf. 
Ta, tantalum. 
Taaffe (Viscount), not 

T.A.B., Total Abstinence 

Tabago, use To-, 
tabasheer, a plant opal, 

not -ir, -achir. 
tabbinet, a silk and wool 

fabric, not tabi-. 
Tabelle] (Ger. typ. f.), 
table, index ; pi. -n (cap.). 
tablej alpbah6tique (Fr. 
typ. f.), index ; — des 
matihreSt table of con- 
tableau! (Fr. m.), a picture, 
etc., pi. 'X; tableau] 
vivantj, pi. -x -s. 
table d*n6te, an ordinary; 
pi. tables — (not ital.). 
tables of contents, see 

contents (tables of), 
tablespoonful/, pi. -s (one 

table work (typ.), colum- 
nar matter, with or with- 
out rules. The heading 
of the table to be outside 
the enclosing rules. Small 
type and plenty of space is 
better than large type and 
little space. Headings to 
columns look better in 

table work (cont.). 

smaller tj'pe. The widths 
of the columns should be 
multiples of the en. The 
first line of table page 
placed lengthways should 
begin at the left-hand foot 
of every page and read 

tabller (Fr. m.), apron. 

taboo, forbidden, not -u. 

tabour, a small drum, not 

tabu, use taboo. 

tabulja (Lat,), a document, 
pi. -as ; tabuija rasja, a 
blank surface, pi. -as -SB. 

tabular w^ork, see table 

tabulat/e, -or. 

tac-au-taCf a fencing 
parry, etc. 

tace (It. mus.), be silent ; 
abbr. T. 

tacks/man (Sc), a lessee, 
not tax- ; pi. -men. 

tasdium vitas (Lsit.), weari- 
ness of life. 

Tae-ping, use Tai-. 

Tafell (Ger. typ. f.V a 
table ; pi. -tt, abbr. Taf. 

taffeta, a fabric, not the 
many variations. 

tag-rag (hyphen). 

tags (typ.), direction labels 

tail (typ.), the bottom mar 
gin {see also margins). 

^a///adr^(Fr.cook.), crimped 

tailtej (Fr. f.), engraving 
also size, etc. ; — douce, 
copper-plate engraving. 

tailleur (Fr. m.), tailor, 
dealer in card games. 

tail-piece (typ.), the de 
sign at end of a section 
chapter, or book. 

Tain, Ross-shire. 

Taine (Hippolyte), 1828- 
93, Fr. historian. 
369 24 


Tai-ping rebellion, 1850- 

64, not Tae-. 
Tait (A. C.\ 181 1-82, Abp. 
of Canterbury ; — (P. Q.)> 
1831-1901, physicist {see 
also Tate). 
Taj Mahal, Agra, noi — 

Tal (Ger. n.), valley, itoi 

now Th-. 
Talbot de Malahide 

Taler (Ger. m.), coin, not 

now Th- ; abbr. Tlr. 
Talfourd (Sir T. N.), 

1 795-1854, dram. 
taUsnian/, pi. -s. 
talis quails (Lat), such as 

it is. 
tall copies, books with 
slightly larger margins 
than usual, but not large- 
paper copies. 
Talleyrand - Perigord 
(C. M. de), 1754-1838, 
Fr. politician. 
Tallis (Thomas), 1510?}- 
85, composer, not Talys, 

Talmud, Heb. laws. 
Tam., Tamil, 
tamable, not -eable. 
tambourine, not -in, 

Tamil, S. Indian language, 

not -ul ; abbr. Tam. 
Tammany Hall, Amer. 

politics (2 w's). 
"Tam o* Shanter," poem 
by Burns (caps., small o, 
apos., no hyphen), 
tam-o'-shanter, awoollen 

cap (hyphens, apos.). 
tan, tangent, -s (no points. 
Tanganyika (Lake), 

Cent. Afr. (one word), 
tangerine orange, not 

tangible, not -able. 
Tangier, Mor., not -iers. 
Tangiers, Haverford- 

Taiyore, India. 


** Tannhauser,** opera by 

Wagner ; />ro«. tan-hoi'zr. 

tantalize, not -ise (not 

tantalum, symbol Ta.- 
tantl mleux (Fr.), so much 
the better; — pis, so 
much the worse. 
Taoism, doctrine of Lao- 
tsze, not Ta-, Ta6- (one 
tapis {sur le) (Fr.), under 

taplsserie (Fr. f.), tapestry. 
tar/, -ry. 
tarantella, a dance, or its 

tarantula, a spider. 
Tarbert, Argyl, Harris, 

Co. Kerry. 
Tarbet, Loch Lomond, 
tariff, not -if. 
tarlatan, a muslin, not 

tarpaulin, not -ing. 
Tarpeian Rock. 
Tarrasch (S.), 1862-, 

chess player. 
Tartar/, -y. Cent. Asia, 

properly Tatar/, -y. 
tartare {h la) (Fr. cook.), 
w^ith cold mustard sauce. 
"Tartuffe," play by Mo- 

liere, 1669, not -ufe. 
taseometer,instrument for 

measuring strains. 
tasimeter, instrument for 

minute measurements. 
Tasm., Tasmania. 
ta-ta ! good - bye ! (hy- 
Tatar, see Tartar. 
Tate/ (Sir W. H.), 1842- ; 
— Gallery, London {see 
also Tait). 
tatoo, use tattoo, 
tatterdemalion, a ragged 

fellow, not -ian. 
Tattersalls, London (apos- 
trophe only in the posses- 
sive case). 
tattoo, not tatoo. 
Taubenhaus (J.), 1850-, 
chess player. 


Taubman-Goldie (Sir 
G. D.), 1846-, founder 
R. Niger Co. 

Tauchnitz (baron), pub- 
lisher, Leipzig. 

tau cross, the -]-. 

taut (naut.), «o/-ght. 

tautologize, not -ise. 

tavern, when this word 
does not form part of the 
title, the name w^hen 
cited to be roman double- 
quoted, and not ital. 

tawny, tan-colour, not -ey. 

taxman, see tacks-. 

Taylour, family name of 
Marquess of Headfort. 

tazzja (It. f.), bowl or cup, 
pron. tat'sa ; pi. -e. 

Tb, terbium. 

T.C.D., Trinity College, 

Tchad (Lake), Sudan, not 
Chad, Tsad. 

TchertkoflF (Vladimir), 
1854-, Russ. writer. 

Tchigorin (T.), 1850-, 
chess player. 

Tchudi, a Russ. race {see 
also Tschudi). 

T.E. (U.S.A.), Topo- 
graphical Engineer. 

Te, tellurium. 

Teale(T. Pridgin), 1831-, 

Teall (J. J. H.), 1849-, 

teapot (one word). 

tease, not -ze. 

teasel(bot.), «o/ -sle,-zel,-zle. 

teaspoonful/, pi. -a (one 

tech., technical, -ly. 

technol., technological, -ly. 

techy, peevish, use tetchy. 

tedescjo (It. adj.),/^w. -a, 
German (not cap.). 

tee*d (golf). 

teetotal/, -ism, -ler, -ly. 

teetotum (one word). 

Tegethoff (W.), Austrian 
admiral, 1827-71. 

Tegetmeier ("W. B.), 
i8i6-, writer. 


Tegner (Esaias), 1782- 

1846, Sw. poet. 
Teheran, cap. of Persia, 

not -hran. 
Teichmann (R.), 1868-, 

chess player. 

teen'muth {see also 

Teil (Ger. m.), a part ; pi. 

~e, not now Th- (cap.). 
TeUungszeicben (Ger. 

typ.), the hyphen, not 

Th- (cap.). 
teinds (Sc), tithes. 
Telford (Thomas), 1757- 

1834, eng., not -ourd. 
tell-tale (hyphen). 
tellurion, orrery, not -ian. 
tellurium, symbol Te. 
Telugu, Ind. language, not 

"T6m6raire (The Fight- 
ing),** picture by Turner, 
temp., temperature, tem- 
temp,, tempore (in the time 

Tempel(E."W.Ij.), 1821- 

89, Ger. astr. 
temperature, abbr. T., or 

temp.; (typ.) degrees of, 

to be in figures, as 70° F. 
Templar/ (Knight/), not 

-er ; pi. -s -s. 
tem/plate, use -plet. 
Temple Bar, London (two 

templet, a mould or pattern , 

not -plate. 
templo{lt. mus.), time; pi. 

-/, abbr. t. 
tempora mutantur{La.t. ) , 

times are changed. 
temporary, abbr. temp. 
tempore (Lat.), in the time 

of ; abbr. t., or temp. 
temporize, not -ise. 
Tenasserim, Burma, not 

Ten Commandments 

(the) (caps.). 
Tenerife (pezik and island 

of), not -iffe. 
I U* 


Teniera (David), 1582- 

1649, ^^^ 1610-90, two 

Dutch painters. 
Tenison (Thomas), 1636- 

1715, Abp. of Canterbury' 

(see also Tennyson). 
TennantCWilliam), 1 784- 

1848, Sc. writer. 
Tennasserim, use Tena-. 
Tennent (Sir J. E.), 

1804-69, writer. 
Tennessee, U.S.A. (two 

n's, two s's, four e's), off. 

abbr. Tenn. 
Tenniel (Sir J. T.), 1820-, 

^' Punch " cartoonist. 
Tennyson (Alfred, 

Lord), 1809-93, poet {see 

also Tenison). 
tenor, not -our. 
tenorle (It. mus. m.), tenor ; 

pi. -/, abbr. t. 
Teplitz, Bohemia, not Top-. 
Ter., Terrace. 
ter(Lat.), thrice. 
terat., teratologj'. 
terbium, symbol Tb. 
tercel, use tier-. 
Teresa (St.), «o/Th-. 
tergiversat/e, -ion, -or. 
termination, abbr. term, 
terminator, not-er. 
terminology, abbr. term, 
termin/us, />/. -i (notital.). 
termJnusj ad quern (Lat.), 

the finish ; — a quO, the 

Terr., Territory. 
terr/ace (typ.), cap. when 

with name ; abbr. Ter. ; 

in Fr. f. -asse. 
terra-cotta (hyphen). 
Terra del Fuego, use 

Tierra . 

terrsej Wius (Lat.), son of 

the soil ; pi. — filii. 
terra firma (two words, 

not ital.). 
terrla incognitja (Lat.), 

unexplored region ; pi. 

-« -« (ital.). 
terreen, use tur-. 
terret, ring for driving-rein, 

not -it. 

territorialize, not -ise. 


terrorize, not -ise. 

tertium quid (Lat.), an 
intermediate something. 

Tesla (JSTikola), 1857-, 

tessellate, not -elate 

Testament, abbr. T., or 

testamur (Lat.), examina- 
tion certificate. 

test/is (anat.), pi. -es. 

test-types, those for vision 

tetchy, peevish, not tec-. 

tBte (Fr. f.), head ; tite- 
^-tete{m.,s. a.ndpl.), pri- 
vate interview ; but iete 
h t^/e (without hyphens), 
privately ; titej de veau, 
calPs head ; — dorSe 
(binding), gilt top. 

Teufelsdrockh (Herr), 
in-Carlyle's "Sartor Re- 

Teut., Teuton, -ic. 

Tex., Texas (offic. abbr.), 

textbook (one word). 

textus receptus (Lat.), 
the received text ; abbr. 
text rec. 

Teynham (Baron), pron. 

t.g., type genus. 

Th., Thomas, Thursday. 

Th, thorium. 

Thai (Ger.), valley, use now 

Thaler^GQT.), ms^ now Ta-. 

Thalia (Gr.), muse of joy; 
pron. tha-ly'a. 

thallium, symbol Tl. 

Thanksgiving Day 

(U.S.A.), last Thursday 
in November (caps.). 

Thara^vadi, Burma, not 

that, refers to a person or 
thing first mentioned, or 
farther in order or place 
than when this, these are 
used ; pi. those. 



tbS (Fr. m.), tea. 

ThesBtetus, disciple oi 

theat., theatrical. 

TbSitre fran^ais, Paris 
(caj). T only). 

tbecja (Lat.), a case, pron. 
tha'ka ; pi. -as, pron. the'- 

theirs (no apos.). 

Thellusson's Act (law), 
1800, to restrict accumula- 
tion of property. 

tbetnja (Gr.), a theme ; pi. 

Theo., Theodore. 

theocracy, a priest-gov- 
erned State, not -sy. 

theol,, theology, -ian, -ical. 

theologize, not -ise. 


theor., theorem. 

theoret., theoretic,-al,-ally. 

theorize, not -ise. 


therap., therapeutic, -s. 

Theresa (St.), use Ter-. 

Th6rdse (Fr.). 

thermodynamics (one 

thermomet/er, -ric, abbr. 

Thermopylae (Pass of). 

these, see this. 

thes/is,^/. -es. 

Thess., I, a Thessalonians, 

Thibet, thibet,«5«Ti-,ti-. 

thimblerig, a trick (one 

thin/, -ner, -nish. 

thirds cards (typ.), 3 x 
1^2 in. or size of gentle- 
man's visiting card, not 
third — 

Thirty-nine Articles 
(the)(hyphen,two caps.). 

thirty- twomo, ortrigesi- 
mo-secundo, a book in 
which each sheet forms 
thirty-two leaves or sixty- 
four pages, usually about 
4Va X 3 in. ; abbr. 32mo. 

Thirty Years War, 1618- 

48 (caps., no apos.). 

this, refers to a person or 
thing which was last men- 
tioned, or which is near- 
est in order or place ; //. 
these {see also that). 

thole pin (naut.), not 
-owl — , -owel — (two 

Thomas, abbr. T., Th., or 

Thompson(SirB., count 
von Rumford), 1753- 
1814, founder Royal Insti- 
tution, London ; — (Sir 
E. Maunde), 1840-, 
librarian ; — (Sir Hen- 
ry), 1820-1904, surgeon, 
writer, etc. ; — (Silva- 
nus, not Sy-, P.), 1851-, 

Thomsen*s disease, mus- 
cular spasm. 

Thomson (Prof. Arthur), 
1 858-, anat. ; — (Sir C. 
Wyville),i83o-82,zool. ; 

— (James), 1700-48, 
poet, *'The Seasons"; 

— (James), 1834-82, 
poet, "City of Dreadful 
Night"; — (Prof. J. 
Arthur), 1861-, zool. 
and writer; — (Joseph), 
1858-95, Afr. traveller ; 

— (Prof. Sir Joseph 
John), 1 856-, physicist ; 

— (Sir William, Lord 
Kelvin), 1824-1909, 
math, and physicist. 

Thomson's electrometer, 

galvanometer, etc. 
Tbor (Ger.), use now Tor. 
thor/ax,/>/. -aces, 
thorium, symbol Th. 
thorn, the Ang.-Sax. }? )> 

(see also eth). 
Thomeycroft's Horse, 

S. Africa. 
Thomycroft (J. I. & 

Co.), boat builders, Chis- 

wick ; — (W. Hamo), 

1850-, sculptor. 
thorough, abbr. thoro*. 



thoroughbass (mus.) (one 

thorough/bred, -going 
(one word). 

Thos., Thomas. 

those, see that. 

though, abbr. tho*. 

thowel, use thole. 

thrall, thraldom. 

thrash, not thre-. 

Threadneedle Street, 
London (two words). 

three-colour process, the 
printing of coloured plates 
by the superposition of 
the three primary colours 
on each other ; the blocks 
being automatically dis- 
sected by photography. 

threescore, sixty (one 

thresh, use thra-. 

thresher -whale, not thra- 
(two words). 

threshold, not -hhold. 

thrill (mus.), use trill. 

thro*, through. 

Throskmorton (Sir N. 
W.G.), 1515-71, diplom. 

Throgmorton Avenue, 
also Street, London, E.C. 

Throndhjem, use Tro-. 

through, abbr. thro*. 

throw out (binding), to 
mount a cut, map, etc., 
upon a guard the size of 
a page, so that it maj' re- 
main in view while other 
pages are read. 

throw up (typ.), to render 
prominent by use of bold 
type, etc. 

Thi^ja (bot.), use -ya. 

Thule (Ultima), pron. 

thunder (naut.), abbr. t. 
Thur (Ger.), use Tur, 

Thursday, abbr. Th. 

thuya (bot.), not -ja. 

T.H."W.M., Trinity High- 
Water Mark. 

th3rme, herb ; fron. tlm. 

Thynne, family name of 
Marquess of Bath. 

Ti, titanium. 

Tibet, Cent. Asia, not Th-. 

tibet, a woollen fabric, not 

tic douloureux, facial 
neuralgia, not dol- (two 

Ticonderoga, New York. 

tidbit, use tit-. 

Tidw^orth, Andover, not 

tie, tying, not tieing. 

Tien-tsin, port of Peking. 

tiercel, a bird, not ter-. 

Tierra del Fuego, S. 
Amer., not Terra . 

tiers 6tat (Fr. m.), the com- 
mon people (not caps.). 

Tietjens, use Titiens. 

tiffin, lunch, not -ing. 

tigerish, not tigr-. 

Tighnabruaich, Argyl. 

tight back (binding), the 
cover fastened solidly to 
the back, so that it does 
not become hollow when 

tigrish, use tiger-. 

tike, not ty-. 

tilde, the mark as over the 
Sp. «, « ; in Port. til. 

Tilsit (Treaty of), not 

Tim., X and ^ Timothy. 

timbre (mus.) (not ital.). 

timbre-poste (Fr. m.), 
postage-stamp ; pi. tilD' 
bres , abbr. t.p. 

Timbuktu, W. Africa, not 

time of day (typ.), to be 
in figures with full point, 
followed by a.m. or p.m. 
in roman lower case, as 
9.30 a. m. Such phrases as 
half-past two, a quarter to 
four, are better spelled 
out (s« also date). 

«* Times (The)," estab- 
lished 1788 (caps.). 

timist (mus.), not -eist 

timpani (mus.), the or- 
chestral kettle-drums, not 
ty- (see a/50 tympanum). 



tin {stannunt), symbol Sn. 

tinct., tincture. 

Tindal (Matthew), 1656- 
1733, theol., not -all {see 
also Tyn-). 

tin-foil (hyphen). 

tinging, not -eing. 

Tinnevelly and Madura 
(Bp. of), not -velli . 

tin-plate (hyphen). 

tinsel/, -led, -ling. 

Tintagel, Cornwall, not -il ; 
pron. tin-taj'el. 

-tion (typ.), if necessary 
at end of lines, carry over 
this and not -ation, -ition, 

tipo (It, Sp.), type. 

Tipperary, Ireland. 

tippet, not tipet. 

tipstaff/, a bailiff ; pi. -s. 

tirade, a long declamation. 

tirailleur {Jr. m.), a sharp- 

tire (of a wheel), correct, 
tireing (v.),6M^ty-usual. 

titer {Ft. typ.), to print. 

tiret (Fr. typ. m.), dash, or 

tiro, use ty-. 

'tis, for itis(apos., close up). 

tit., title. 

titanic (not cap.). 

titanium, symbol Ti. 

titbit, not tid- (one word). 

Titell (Ger. tvp. m.), the 
title; -blatt (n.), title 
page ; -zeile (f.), head- 
line (caps.). 

tithe rent charge, abbr. 

Titiens (Teresa), 1831- 
77, singer, not Tietjens. 

titivate, not titt-. 

title (binding), the panel on 
the cover with the name. 

title-deed (hyphen). 

title page (typ.), should 
contain : name of book, 
author, publisher, place of 
publication, date of pub- 
lication (this should never 
be omitted) in arable 
figures {not roman nu- 

title page (cont.). 

merals). It need have no 
points at ends of lines 
{see also preliminary 
title pages. Report of 
the Committee of the 
Publishers' Association 
of Great Britain and Ire- 
land, 1898:— 

"(i)Date. (a)Thatthe 
title page of every book 
should bear the date of 
the year of publication, 
i.e. of the year in which 
the impression, or the re- 
issue, of which it forms 
a part, was first put on 
the market. (b) That 
when stock is reissued in 
a new form, the title page 
should bear the date of 
the new issue, and each 
copy should be described 
as a ' reissue,' either on 
the title page or in a 
bibliographical note, (c) 
That the date at which 
a book was last revised 
should be indicated either 
on the title page or in a 
bibliographical note. 

"(2) Bibliographical 
Note. That the biblio- 
graphical note should, 
when possible, be printed 
on the back of the title 
pa^e, in order that it may 
not be separated there- 
from in binding. 

''(3) Impression, Edi- 
tion, Reissue. That for 
bibliographical purposes 
definite meanings should 
be attached to these 
words when used on a 
title page, and the follow- 
ing are recommended : — 

'^Impression. — A num- 
ber of copies printed at 
any one time. When a 
book is reprinted without 
change it should be called 
a new impression^ to dis- 



title pages (conf.). 

tinguish it from an edition 
as defined below. 

^^ Edition. — An impres- 
sion in which the matter 
has undergone some 
change, or for which the 
type has been reset. 

* ^Reissue A republica- 
tion at a difierent price, 
or in a different form, of 
part of an impression 
which has already been 
placed on the market. 

" (4) Localisation. 
When the circulation of 
an impression of a book is 
limited by agreement to 
a particular area, that each 
copy of that impression 
should bear a conspicuous 
notice to that effect.' 

"Addendum. In cases 
where a book has been 
reprinted many times, 
and revised a less number 
of times, it is suggested 
that the intimation to 
that effect should be as 
follows, e.g. : — 

"Fifteenth Impression 
(Third Edition). This 
would indicate that the 
book had been printed 
fifteen times, and that in 
the course of those fifteen 
impressions it had been 
revised or altered twice." 

title-rdle (hyphen, 6). 

titles (cited), of articles in 
magazines, of books, chap- 
ters in books,of magazines, 
newspapers, paintings, 
periodicals, reviews, and 
sculptures, to be reman 
double-quoted, not italic. 

title-sheet (typ.), that con- 
taining the preliminary 

titles ofhonour, as LL. D. , 
F. R. S. ,are usually in caps. 
Frequently s.caps. give a 
better general effect {see 
also compound ranks). 

title type, caps, occupying 

space of two ordinary 

titre (Fr. typ. m.), title, 
tit-tat-to, a game (hy- 
tittivate, use titi-. 
Titus, not to be abbreviated. 
Tl, thallium. 
T.O., turn over. 
Tobago, W. Ind., not Ta-. 
Tobit (Apocr.), not to be 

toboggan/, not -ogan ; 

Tocqueville (A. C. H. C. 

de), 1805-59, Fr. writer, 
to-day (hyphen). 
to-do, commotion (hyphen). 
toffee, not -y. 
toga/, the Roman mantle; 

//. -s. 
tolle (Fr. f.), linen-cloth. 
toilet, not -ette. 
toilette (Fr. f.), toilet. 
Toison (Tor (Fr. f.), the 

golden fleece. 
Tokay, a wine. 
token (typ.), halfa ream, or 

250 impressions on press. 
Tokio, cap. of Japan, not 

-yo ; formerly Yeddo. 
Toler, family name of Earl 

of Norbury. 
Tolstoy (Count Leo), 

1828-, writer, not -oi. 
tomalley, so-called liver of 

lobster, not -ly. 
tomato/, pi. -es. 
tome (Fr. m.), a volume; 

abbr. t. 
to-morrow (hyphen). 
tom-tit, the bird (hyphen), 
ton/ (weight), -s, abbr. t. 
ion (Fr. m.), style. 
Tonbridge, ' but Tun- 
bridge Wells, 
tonsillitis, not -ilitis. 
Tone (T. Wolfe), 1763- 

98, Ir. patriot. 
Tongking, China, «o/Tun-, 

Tonkin, Tonquin. 
Tonic Sol-fa (one hyphen), 
to-night (hyphen). 



tonn., tonnage. 

tonne (Fr. f.), looo kilo- 

ionneau (Fr. m.), ton, 
tun, or cask ; abbr. t. 

Tooke (J. Home), 1736- 
1812, writer. 

tooled edges (binding), 
those with impressed de- 

toothpick (one word). 

topinambour (Fr. m.), 
Jerusalem artichoke. 

Toplitz, use Te-. 

top -mast (hyphen). 

topog., topograph}', -ical. 

topay-turvy (hyphen). 

Tor (Ger. m.), fool; (n.) 
gate, not now Th- (cap.). 

tore, use torque. 

tormentor, not -er. 

tornado/, pi -es. 

torniquet, use tour-. 

torpedo/, pi. -es. 

Torphichen (Baron), 
pron. tor' fi- ken. 

torque, a gold ornament, 
(mech.) turning move- 
ment, not tore. 

Torquemada (Thomas 
de), 1420-98, Inquisitor. 

Torres Vedras, near Lis- 
bon (no hyphen). 

torso/ (sculp.), the trunk ; 
pi. -s. 

iortuel (Fr. f.), turtle ; — 
claire, clear turtle soup. 

totalize, not -ise. 

totidem vert)is (Lat. ), in so 
many words. 

toties quoties (Lat.), as 
often the one, ^so often 
the other. 

ioto CSSlo (Lat.), diamet- 
rically opposed, not — cce-. 

iOtum (Lat.), the whole. 

much of one good thing ; 
— prSt, always ready. 

iourj (Fr. m.\ a tour ; (f.) 
tower ; — a tour, alter- 
nately ; — d*adresse 
( m. ), legerdemain ; — 
de force, a feat of 

strength or skill; tourde 
main, sleight of hand. 

Tourgu6niev (I. S.), 
1818-83, Russ. novelist, 
not the many variations. 

tourmaline, not -in. 

Toumai, Belgium. 

Tournay, France. 

tourniquet, not tor-. 

iournure (Fr. f.), contour, 
figure, (dress) bustle. 

tourte (Fr. f.), tart. 

toutl h coup, or — d*un 
coup (Fr.), suddenly, all 
at once ; — h fait, en- 
tirely; — co«/r/, abruptly; 

— (fem^me, all the same; 

— de suite, imme- 
diately; — ensemble, 
the general effect (no hy- 

towel/, -ling. 

town, abbr. t. 

town cards (typ.), 3 x 2 in. 

town/ councillor, Ko/-ilor, 

— hall (two words). 
Townshend (Marquess, 

not of) ; — (R. B.), 1846-, 

township, abbr. t. 
toxicol., toxicology, -ical. 
toxin, not -ine. 
toxophilite, of archery. 
t.p. (Fr.), tinibre{^s)'Poste 

Tr., trustee. 

tr/ (typ.), see transpose, 
traceable, «o/ -cable, 
trache/a, />/. -8b. 
Tractarian/, -ism (caps.). 
tractor, not -er. 
trade-mark (hyphen). 
trade/ union (two words) ; 

pi. — unions, not trades- ; 

abbr. T.U. 
traduction (Fr. f.), trans- 
traffic/, -ked, -ker. 
irafic (Fr. m.), trade, 
trag., tragedy, tragic. 
tragedi/an, a tragic actor ; 

fern. -enne. 
Trail (J. W. H.), 185 1-, 




Traill (Anthony), 1838-, 
Provost T.C.D. 1904 ; — 
(H. D.), 1842-1900, 

trait, pron, tra, in Amer. 

trait d* union (Fr. typ. m.), 
the hyphen. 

trammel/, -led, -ling. 

tranquil/, -lity, -lize, -ly. 

trans., transactions, trans- 
itive, translated, -ion, -or. 

transact/, -or. 

transatlantic (one word, 
not cap.). 

Transcaucasia, Russia 
(one word). 

transf., transferred. 

transfer/, -able, -ence, 
-red, -rer, -ring. 

transform/, -ator, -er. 

transgress/, -ible, -or. 

tranship/, -ment (one 
word), not transs-. 

transitive, abbr. trans. 

translat/ed, -ion, -or, 
abbr. trans. ; -able. 

transmissible, not -able. 

transpose (typ.), to move 
letters, words, lines, etc., 
from one place to another ; 
tr/ being written in the 
margin, and a line put 
round the matter pointing 
to where it is to be trans- 
ferred (see also proof 
correction marks). 

Transvaal, S. Africa. 

tratto (Tunione (It. typ.), 
the hyphen. 

trattoria (It. f.), cook-shop. 

Trav., travels. 

travel/, -led, -ler, -ling. 

Travellers' Club, London 
(apos. at end), 

T.R.C., Thames Rowing 
Club, tithe rent charge. 

Treas., treasurer, treasury. 

tree - calf (binding), a 
bright-brown calf stained 
with a conventional tree- 
like design. 

Treitschke (H. Q. von), 
1834-96, Ger. hist. 

trek/ (S. Afr.), to journey, 

not -ck ; -ker. 
Trelawny, not -ey. 
tremor, no/ -our. 
trente-et-quarante (Fr. 

m.), a gambling game. 
ti^S bien (Fr.), very good. 
Tresco, Scilly. 
Trescowe, Cornwall. 
tresj distingui (Fr.), very 

distinguished ; — peu, 

very little. 
trestle, a table support, not 

trevet, use tri-. 
T.K.H., Their Royal 

tria Juncta in a no (Lat.), 

three joined in one. 
tricolour, the Fr. flag (one 

word); in Fr. m. drapeau 

trigesimo-secundo, see 

trigon., trigonometry, -ical. 
trill (mus.), not th-. 
trillion, in Eng. a million 

million millions ; in Fr. 

and U.S.A., a million 

Trimleston (Baron), 

pron. trim'less-. 
trimmed edges, see 

Trin., Trinity. 
Trinity Sunday, the one 

after Whit-Sunday. 
triphthong, three vowels 

in a single syllable as 

eau in beau. 
tripos/, Camb. examination; 

pron. tri'p6s, pi. -es. 
Tristan* da Cunha, S. 

Atlantic, not — d'Acunha. 
triturat/e, -or. 
triumviri (Lat.), pi. -/; 

Eng. pi. -s. 
trivet, not tre-. 
trivial (Fr. adj.), vulgar. 
trocar, surgical instrument, 

not -har. 
trolly, not -ey. 
trompette (Fr. m.). trum- 
peter ; (f.) trumpet. 



Trondhjem, Norway, not 

tropsBolum/ (bot.), pi. -s. 

tropical (not cap.). 

trottoir (Fr. ni.)/the foot 

trousers, not trow-. 

trousseau/, dress outfit; 
pi. -X ^notital.). 

trouvaille (Fr. f.), a 
lucky find. 

troy weight, r lb., 12 oz., 
240 pennyweights, 5760 
grains (not cap.). 

Trs., Trustees. 

truitel (Fr. f.), trout ; — 
au bleu, brook trout ; — 
de laCf lake trout ; — 
sauaionSe, salmon trout. 

trumpet/, -ed, -ing. 

Truron., signature of Bp. 
of Truro (full point). 

trustee, abbr. Tr.,/>/. Trs. 

T.S. (paper), tub-sized. 

Tsad (Lake), Sudan, use 
— Tchad. 

Tsar of Russia; Tsare- 
vitch, his son ; Tsarev- 
na, his dau. ; Tsarina, 
his wife (in Russ. 
Tsaritza) : not Cz-, Tz-. 

Tsarskoye Selo, near St. 
Petersburg, imperial resi- 
dence, not Tz-. 

Tsehaikovsky (P. P.), 
1840-93, Russ, composer. 

Tschigorin, use Teh-. 

Tschudi (A.), 1505-72, 
Swiss historian (^see also 

Tsech, use Czech*. 

tsetse fly,«o;tzetze ; pron. 

T.S.S., twin-screw steam- 

t.t.l., to take leave. 

T.U., trade union, -s. 

tub/a, bass saxhorn ;pl. -se. 

Tubingen, Ger. town and 

T.U.C., Trade Union Con- 

Tuesday, abbr. T., or 

Tuileries, Paris (one /). 

tulle, fine silk fabric. 

tumbrel, a cart, not -il. 

tumour, not -or. 

tumul/us, pi. -i (not 

tun/ (cask), -s, abbr. t. 

Tunbridge "Wells, but 

tungsten, symbol W. 

tunnel/, -led, -ling. 

tu quoque! (Lat.), thou 
also ! 

Tiir (Ger. f.), door, not now 
Th- (cap.). 

turbot (Fr. m.), turbot. 

Turco, Fr. Algerian sol- 
dier, not -ko. 

Turcoman, use Turko-. 

tureen, not terreen. 

Turgenieff, use Tour- 

Turk., Turkey, -ish. 

Turkestan, not Turki-. 

turkey red (not cap.). 

Turkoman/, of Turkestan, 
not Turco- ; pi. -s. 

turned commas (typ.), 
those used at the com- 
mencement of a quotation, 
as these ", two apostro- 
phes being at the end. 
Together they are called 
" quotes " {see also quo- 
tation marks). 

Turner (Joseph Mal- 
lord — not -ad, -ard — 
William), 1775-1851, 

Tumour, family name of 
Earl Winterton. 

turn over, abbr. T.O. 

Tuskar Rock, lighthouse, 

tussoGk-grass, not -ac. 

iuum (Lat.), thine {see also 

T.V.R. (elec), tempera- 
ture variation of resist- 

Tweeddale (Marquess 

Tweedie (Mrs. Alec), 



Tweedy (John), P. R. C. S. , 

tw^eeny-maid, a servant 
who assists in both cook- 
ery and house- work. 

Twelfth Day, 6 January. 

twelvemo or duodecimo 
(typ.), a book each sheet 
of which forms twelve 
leaves or twenty-four 
pages, size usually about 
7V2 X 4V3 '°' ; abbr. 12mo. 

tw^enty-fourmo or vige- 
simo-quarto (typ.), a 
book each sheet of 
which forms twenty-four 
leaves or forty - eight 
pages, usually about 5 x 
3^2 in- ; abbr. 24m.o. 

tw^entym.0 or vigesimo 
(typ.), a book each 
sheet of which forms 
twenty leaves or forty 
pages, usually about 5x3 
in. ; abbr. 20mo. 

Twerton-on-Avon, Bath, 
not Twiver-, Tiver-. 

Twisleton - Wykeham - 
Piennes, family name of 
Baron Saye and Sele. 

tw^o-line/ (typ.), having a 
depth of body (or height 
of letter on printed page) 
equal to double that of the 
size specified, as two-line 
pica ; — tjrpe, plain initial 
letters occupying two lines 
in depth, and used at the 
commencement of a chap- 
ter, advert., etc. 

T.Y.C. (racing),Two-Year- 
old Course. 

tying, not tie-. 

T^ler (John), 1790- 1862, 
Amer. Pres. 184 1-5. 

Tylor (Sir E. B.), 1832-, 

tympan/nm, the ear-drum ; 
pi. -a (s*-* a/50 timpani). 

Tyndale (William), d. 
1536, translator of Bible 
{see also Tindal). 

TyndaU (John), 1820-93, 


Tynemouth, Northumb. ; 

pron. tin'muth {see also 

typ., typographer, -ic, 

-ical, -ly. 
type, the most used kinds 

in order of size: 

pearl 4 K point. 

nonpareil 6 „ 

minion 7 ,^ 

brevier 8 ,, 

bourgeois 8^ „ 

long primer ...9^,, 
{pron. prim'er). 

small pica 10^ „ 
pica 12 „ 

enghsh 14 „ 
great pri- 
mer 18 ,, 

{Seealso &g8ite,Antiqua, 
bastard, bold face, 
bourgeois, brevier, 
brilliant, Brotschrift, 
Canon, Caslon, Cax- 
ton, church - text, 
clarendon, diamond, 
double english, — 
paragon, — pica, 

Elzevir, emerald, 

English, expanded,f at 
face, Fraktur, full- 
faced, gem, German 
text, Gothic, great 
primer, grotesque, 
bagere Scbrifty hair- 
line letter. Imperial, 
inferior characters, 
italic, Kanon, kern, 
lead, iean-fsuiejiegende 
Schrlft, logotype, long 
primer. Miller and 
Richard's, minion, 
minionette, Mittel, 
modern-face, nick, 
nonpareil, old-Eng- 
lish, — face. — style, 
paragon, pearl, pica 
type, point system, 
primer, quadrat. 


reglet, roman, ronde, 
rotondo, ruby, rule, 
runic, sans serif, 
Schrift, script, serif, 
skeleton, small pica, 
spaces, superior char- 
acters, swash, title 

typewriter, the machine. 

typewritten copy (typ.), 
this should always be re- 
vised before being sent 
to press. It is charged 
as " manuscript," not 
*' printed," in Amer. by 
U.S. law. 

typist, the user of a type- 

typography, the act, 
process, or art of com- 
posing and printing from 
types, etc. ; abbr. typ. 

TypothetSB, American so- 
ciety of master printers. 

tyrannize, not -ise. 

tyre (of a wheel), usual, but 
ti- correct. 

tyro, pi. -s, not ti-. 

Tyrol, Austria ; in Ger. 

Tyrwhitt, pron. tir'rit. 

Tzar/, -evitch, -evna, 
-ina, use Ts-. 

Tzarskoye Selo, use 
Tsars . 

tzetze fly, use tsetse — . 






U., all proper names 

with this initial, the 
twentieth in a series, 

(Ger.) 6%r(clock, o'clock). 
U, uranium. 
(U.), Unionist. 
U., (Ger.) und (and), unter 

(among), (naut.) ugly, 

threatening weather. 
U. a. (Ger.), uttd andre (and 

others), unter andern 

(among others). 
U. a. m. (Ger.), undandres 

ntehr (and so forth). 
ubique (Lat.), everywhere. 
ubi supra (Lat), in the 

place above (mentioned) ; 

abbr. U.S. 
U.C., University College, 

Upper Canada. 
U.c. (typ.), upper case, (It. 

mus.) una corda (on one 

string) ; U.C.Ij., Univer- 
sity College, London ; 

U.C.S., ditto School. 
Udaipur, Ind., not Odey- 

pore, Oodey-, Ude-. 
U.D.C., Urban District 

U.E.I.C., United East 

India Company. 
U.F.C., United Free Church 

(of Scotland). 
XJfiQzi Gallery, Florence, 

not -izzi. 
TJhlan, Ger. light cavalry 

soldier; in Ger. Ulan. 
Uhland (J. L.), 1787- 

1862, Ger. poet, 
(//ir/ (Ger. f.), clock, o'clock; 

pi. -en, abbr. U. (cap.). 
U.J.D., Utriusque Juris 

Doctor (Doctor of both 

U.K., United Kingdom. 
U.K.A., Ulster King-of- 

Arms, United Kingdom 


ukase, Russian edict, not 

Ulan, Ger. m. for Uhlan. 

Ullswater, Cumberland, 
not Ulles-. 

Ulster, Ireland. 

ulster, a coat (not cap.). 

Ulster King-of-Arms*, 

not at (cap. U, two 

hyphens); abbr. U.K.A. 

ult. (should not be printed), 
ultimo (last [month]). 

Uhimal (Lat. f.), final ; — 
basreSf the Crown or the 
State ; — ratio, the last 
resource ; — ratio re- 
gum , resort to arms (set 
also Thule). 

ultimatum/, pi. -a. 

ultimo (Lat.), last month ; 
abbr. Ult. (this should 
not be printed). 

ultimum vale (Lat.), the 
last farewell. 

ultra} (Lat), beyond, 
extreme ; — vires, 
beyond legal power. 

Umballa, Ind., use Am.-. 

umbiia, a shadow ; pi. -as, 

umbrella/, pi. -a. 

um.laut, see A, a and 
ascents and diasriti- 
cal marks. 

Umritsur, Ind., use Am- 

una corda (It mus.), with 
one string, or on the piano 
with soft pedal ; abbr. u.c, 

unanimous (a, not an). 

unapparell/e<i -ing. 

unauthorize, not -ise. 

una voce (Lat), unan- 

unbaptize, not -ise. 

unbiased, not -ssed. 

unburden, not -then. 

uncanny, not -ie. 

unchristian (one word). 


unclatim (Lat), ounce by 

unclench, see clench. 

luiclinch, see clinch. 

uncut edges, see edges. 

und\ (Ger.), and, abbr. u.; 
— /Ill(/re,and others, abbr. 
u. a. ; — andres mebr, 
and so forth, abbr. u.a.m. 

under-estimate (hyphen). 

underhand (one word). 

underlay (typ.), to make 
type, cuts, etc., type-high. 

underlie, not -ly. 

underline (theat.), to 
announce a forthcoming 
performance at the foot 
of an advertisement ; 
(typ.) use single line for 
italics ; double, for small 
capitals ; treble, for large 
capitals ; wavy, for special 
type, as clarendon. 

under/sell, -tone (one 

under "way, moving, not 
— weigh (two words). 

undj so fort (Ger.), and 
so on, abbr. usf. ; — SO 
weiter, and so forth, 
or etc., abbr. usw. 

unenclosed*, not unin-. 

uneven pages (typ.), 
those with odd folios, as 
I, 3, 5, the right-hand, 
or recto, pages. 

ungariscb (Ger. ), Hungar- 
ian; abbr. UBg.{not cap.). 

Ungarn, Ger. n. for Hun- 

ungathered (typ.), printed 
sheets not arranged in 
book order. 


unicorn, uniform, union, 
unison (a, «o/an). 

Unionist, abbr. (U.). 

uni/son, in Fr. -sson. 

Unit., Unitarian, -ism. 

unit (a, not an). 

Unlias Fratrum (Lat.), off. 
for Moravian Church. 

United Free Church of 
Scotland (caps.), abbr. 

U.P.C.; United/ King- 
dom (caps.), abbr. U.K.; 

— Kingdom Alliance 
[for the suppression of the 
liquor traflfic] (caps.), 
abbr. U.K.A. ; — Pres- 
byterian/, abbr. U.P. ; 

— — Church (caps.), 
abbr. U.P.C. {see also 
U.S., U.S.I., U.S.S., 

Univ., University. 

universal (a, not an) ; 
abbr. univ. 

universalize, not -ise. 


urnn., unmarried. 

unmistakable, not -cable. 

unmould, not -mold. 

uno animo (Lat.), unan- 

unopened edges, see 


unrival/, -led. 

unsaleable, not -lable. 

unserviceable, not -cable. 


unterj (Ger.), among, abbr. 
u. ; — andera, — others, 
abbr. u. a. 

until (typ.), should not be 


untravelled, not -eled. 

U.P., United Presbyterian, 

u.p., under proof. 

up., upper. 

U.P.C, United Presby 
terian Church. 

uphroe (naut.), a crow- 
foot, use euphroe*. 

upper case (typ.), the 
case containing caps 
s.caps., reference marks 
and accents ; abbr. u.c. 

upstairs (one word). 

up-to-date,adj. (hyphens) 

uraemia (path.), not ure-. 

Ural Mountains, not Ou- 

uranium, symbol U. 

urari, use curare*. 

urbiet orbi (Lat.), to the 
city (Rome) and the world. 



urethr/a (anat.), pl -». 

Urim and Thuminim 
(Scrip.) QXG plurals. 

Urquhart, pron. urk'urt. 

Uru., Uruguay. 

U.S., United Service, — 
States; U.S., ubi supra 
(in the place above [men- 
tioned]), ut supra (as 
above) ; U.S.A., United 
States Army, — — of 

usable, not -eable. 

U.S.C, United States of 

useful (a, not an). 

usf . (Ger. ), und so fort (and 
so on). 

U.S.I., United Service 
Institution ; U.S.L,, 

United States Legation ; 
U.S.M., ditto Mail, ditto 
Marines ; U.S.M.A., 
ditto Military Academy ; 
U.S.N., ditto Navy ; 
U.S.W.A., ditto Naval 
Academy ; U.S.P. or 
U.S.Pharm., ditto Phar- 

usquebaugh (Gaelic), 

U.S.S., United States 

Senate, ditto Ship, ditto 

Steamer ;U.S.S.C., ditto 

Supreme Court. 
usu., usual, -ly. 
usurper (a, not an). 
U.S.V., United States 

USW. (Ger.), und so wetter 

(and so forth, or etc.). 
U.T., Utah Territory. 
Ut., Utah. 
Utakamund, not Ootaca- 

ut dictum (Lat.), as di- 
rected ; abbr. ut diet, 
utilize, not -ise. 
Ut infra (Lat.), as be- 

Uti possidetis (Lat.), as 

you nov^r possess (opposed 

to status quo ante). 
Utopia/, -n (caps.). 
ut supra (Lat.), as above : 

abbr. U.S. 
uxor (Lat.), wife; abbr. 

Uzanne (Octave), 1852-, 

Fr. writer. 
Uzds (duchesse d*), 

1848-, Fr. writer. 





v., Vice-, Volunteers, all 
proper names with this 
initial ; it is not used 
in the numeration of 

V, five, vanadium, (elec.) 
volt, (math.) potential 

v., ventral, verse, (math.) 
vector, (phys.) velocity. 

V. (Lat.), versus (against), 
vide (see), (mus.) violino 
(violin), voce (voice). 

5^, sign for versicle. 

V.A., Vicar-Apostolic, Vice- 
Admiral, (Order of) 
Victoria and Albert (for 
ladies), Volunteer Artil- 

Va., Virginia (offic. abbr.). 

V.a., vixtt . . . annos (lived 
[so many] years). 


vaccinat/e, -or. 

vacu/um, pi. -a. 

vade-meoiun/, pi. -s (hy- 

vae victlst (Lat.), v^oe to 
the vanquished ! 

vaille que vallle (Fr.), 
whatever it may be worth, 
at all events. 

vainglor/y, -ious (one 

Vakat (Ger. typ. n.), blank 

vale (Lat.), farewell. 

Valencia, Spain. 

Valenciennes lace. 

Valentia Island; Vis- 
count — , not -cia. 

Valentine's Day (St.), 
14 February (apos.). 

valet/, man-servant ; — de 
chambre, a body-ser- 
vant (not ital.); valetj 
de piedf footman ; — de 
place, a local guide (ital.). 

Valhalla, not W-. 


valkyrie, not w-. 

Valladolid, Spain. 

Valletort (Viscount), 
pron. val'a-tort. 

Vallombrosa, N. Italy, 
not Vallam-. 

valour, but valorous. 

Valparaiso, pron. -I'zo. 

valse (Fr. f.), waltz. 

Vauib6ry (Arminius), 
1832-, Hung, traveller. 

van, or van der (typ.), 
this prefix usually I.e., 
but copy signature. 

vanadium, symbol V. 

Vanbrugh, pron.van broo. 

Van Dienien*8 Land, 
not — Dieman's — 
(apos.) ; now Tasmania. 

Van Dyck (Sir An- 
thony), 1599-1641, 
painter (two words). 

Van Dyke (Rev. H.), 
1 852-, writer. 

Vandyke/ brown, — 
collar, — edge, — lace, 
etc., not -dyck (two words, 
not cap.). 

Vane - Tempest - Stew- 
art, family name of 
Marquess of London- 
derry (hyphens). 

Vanhomrigh (Esther), 
1692-1733, Swift's "Van- 

van't Hoflf'( Jacobus H.), 
1 852-, Du. chemist. 

vaporize, not -ise. 

vapour, but vaporous. 

var. (biol.), variety, (math.) 

varija lectioj (Lat.), a 
variant reading, abbr. 
V.I.; pi. -« -nes, abbr. 


variant (math.), abbr. 

variety (biol.), abbr. var. 

{see also botany). 



variorum edition, one 
with notes by various 

variorum notas (Lat.), 
notes by commentators. 

vasj (an at.), a duct ; pi. -a. 

vascul/um, bot. specimen 
case ; pi. -a. 

Vassar College, New 

Vat., Vatican. 

Vaux (Baron), pron. 

V.B., Volunteer Battalion. 

vb., verb. 

V.C., Vice-Chairman, — 
-Chancellor, Victoria 

Cross; V. Cbr. (Ger.), 
vorChristus, vor Christ o, or 
vor Christi Geburi (b.c). 

V.D., Volunteer (officers) 
Decoration; v.d., various 
dates ; V.D.M. (Amen), 
Verbi Dei Minister 
(Preacher of the Word 
of God). 

v^, veuve (widow). 

veau] (Fr. m.), calf, (cook.) 
veal, (binding) calf, calf- 
skin ; — racine aux 
nerfs, tree-marbled calf 
with bands. 

vector (math.), abbr. v. 

vedette, mounted sentinel, 
not vi-. 

Vehmgericht/, Ger. medi- 
aeval tribunal, not Feh-, 
Fem- ; pi. -e (not ital.). 

veille (Fr. f.), the day 
before, eve (see also 

Velazquez (D. de Silva^, 
1599-1660, Sp. painter, 
not Velas- ; Sp. pron. va- 

veld, Afr. unforested coun- 
try, not -dt ; pron. felt. 

vellum/, very smooth 
parchment ; — -paper, 
that imitating vellum. 

velocity (phys.), abbr. v. 


Ven., Venerable (used to 
Archdeacon only). 

venaison (Fr. f.), venison. 

venal, of a vein, also sordid 
(see also venial). 

Vendue (La), dep. France. 

vend/er, in law -or. 

vendetta, a blood feud 
(not ital.). 

Venddme Colonne, and 
Place, Paris. 

venerat/e, -or. 

venesection, blood-letting. 

Venet., Venetian. 

Venetian blind (not cap.). 

Venezuela, abbr. Venez., 
pron. ven'ez-wfil-a. 

venial, pardonable (see also 

vente au rabais (Fr. f.), 
sale at reduced prices. 

ventilat/e, -or. 

ventral, abbr. v. 

ventre k terre (Fr.), at full 

ventriloquize, not -ise. 

Ver, (Ger.), Verein (Asso- 

vera causa (Lat.), a true 

veranda, not -ah. 

verb, abbr. vb. 

verbalize, not -ise. 

verbatim (Lat.), word for 
word (not ital.) ; ver- 
batim, literatim, et 
punctatim, word for 
word, letter for letter, 
and point for point (ital.). 

Verbi Dei Minister 
(Lat.), Preacher of the 
Word of God ; abbr. 

verbum satis sapienti 
(Lat.), a word to the wise 
suffices ; abbr. verb. sap. 
(or sat. ). 

ver d- antique, a stone, not 
verde (hyphen). 

verderer, forester, not -or. 

verdigris, not verde-. 

Vereia (Ger. m.), Asso- 
ciation (cap.); abbr. Ver. 

Verelnigte Staaten, Ger. 
for United States (of 
America) ; abbr. Ver. St. 



Verestchagin (Vasili), 

1842-1904, Russ. painter. 
verger (Fr.m.'), an orchard. 
Vergil, use Vi-. 
Vergil (Poly dor e), 1470- 

1555? writer. 

(Ger. m.), publisher, -s 

vermilion, not -llion. 
Vermont, off. abbr. Vt. 
vermuth, an appetizer ; 

in Fr. m. vermouth, in 

Ger. m. Wermut 
Verrocchio (Andrea 

del), 1435-88, painter, 

not the many variations. 
Versailles, near Paris. 
versales (Sp.typ.), capitals. 
versalillas (Sp. typ. f.), 

small capitals. 
vers de sociStS (Fr. m.), 

society verses, 
verse, abbr, v., pi. vv. 
versiole (typ.), the sign f 

used in religious works. 
verso (typ.), the left-hand 

page of an open book, 

usually bearing an even 

number,as 2, 4, 6; abbr. v°. 
Ver. St. (Ger.), Vereinigte 

Staaten (U.S.A.). 
versus (Lat.), against (not 

ital.); abbr. V. (ital.). 
vertebr/a,/>/. -sb (not ital.) . 
vertebrata, is plural, 
vert/ ex, pi. -ices, 
vertu, use vi-. 
Vertue (George), 1684- 

1756, engraver. 
verve, spirit (not ital.). 
Very Rev., Very Rever- 
end (for Deans only). 
vessels* names, to be 

roman double-quoted and 

not italic. 
vestigia (Lat. pi.), traces, 
vet, veterinary surgeon. 
veto/, pi. -es. 
ve^^I/Wn/o (It.), jobmaster ; 

pi. -/. 
veuf (Ft. m.), widower. 
veuve (Fr. f.), widow ; 

abbr. V*. 

Vevey, Switz., not -ay. 

vexata quaestio (Lat.), 
a disputed question. 

V.G., Vicar-General. 

via (Lat.), by way of, not 
-a (not ital.). 

via media (Lat.), a middle 
course (ital.). 

viator/, a traveller ; pi. -es. 

Vic, Victoria. 

Vicar/-Apostollc, abbr. 
V.A.; — General ,V.G. 

Vicars* College, a cath- 
edral residence. 

vice, a tool, not -se. 

Vice/, abbr. V. ; Ad- 
miral, abbr. V.A, ; 

— -Chairman, V.C. ; 

— -Chamberlain; — 
-Chancellor, V.C. ; 
Consul; Presi- 
dent, V.P. ; Regent 

(hyphens, caps.). 

Viceroy (cap.), viceregal. 

vice versa (Lat.), the 
order being changed (no 
hyphen or accent, not 

victimize, not -ise. 

Victoria/, abbr. Vic. ; — 
and Albert (Order of}, 
for ladies, abbr. V.A. ; — 
Cross, abbr. V.C. ; — 
Regina et Impera- 
trix (Lat.), Victoria 
Queen and Empress, abbr. 
V.R. et I. 

victoria, a carriage. 

victual/, -led, -ler, -ling. 

vide} (Lat.), see, abbr. v.; 
(It. mus.), open ; — ante, 
see before ; — infra, — 
below; videlicet, namely 
(one word), abbr. viz. ; 
vide] post, see below ; — 
supra, — above, abbr. 

vidette, use ve-. 

videtur (Lat.), it seems. 

vide ut supra (Lat.), see 
as above. 

vie, vying. 

vieille (Fr. f.), an old 
woman (see also veille). 



Vielle (Fr. f.), a hurdy- 
gurdy (see also veille and 

Vienna, in Ger. Wien, in 
Fr. Vienne. 

viennolse {k la) (Fr.), in 
Viennese style (not cap.). 

vient de paraitre {un 
livre) (Fr.), just pub- 
lished (of a book). 

vi et armis (Lat.), by force 
and arms. 

vieuxj comme le monde 
(Fr.), old as the hills ; 
— francaiSy Old French 
(not cap.) ; du vieux 
temps, quite old- 

Vieuxtemps (Henri), 
1820-81, violinist. 

view-hallo* (hunt.), not 
the many variations. 

vigesimo, see twentymo. 

vigesimo-quarto, see 

vignettes (typ.), illustra- 
tions with undefined edges. 

vigour, but vigorous. 

vik/ing, pron. veek'ing ; 
(typ.) if necessary divide 
at stroke. 


village, abbr. vil. 

villageoise (a la) (Fr.), 
in village style. 

villain/, -age, -ize, -ous, 
-y, not -an, -ein, -en. 

villeggiatura (It.f.), retire- 
ment in the country. 

Villiers, family name of 
Earls of Clarendon and 
Jersey ; pron. vil'lers. 

vinaigrette,a scent-holder, 
not vinegar-. 

vincul/um (typ.), a brace ; 
pi. -a. 

vin dupays (Fr. m.), virine 
of the neighbourhood. 

vingt-et-un, card game 

vin ordinaire (Fr. m.), a 
cheap w^ine, usually red. 

violat/e, -or. 

violino (It.), violin; abbr. v. 

VioUet-le-duc (E. E.), 

1814-79, Fr. writer. 
violoncell/o, not vioWn-; pi. 

-OS, abbr. *cello ; -ist. 
virago/, pi. -es. 
Virchow (Rudolf), 

1821-1902, pathol. ; pron. 

Virgil, 70-19 B. c, poet, not 

Ve- ; in Lat. Vergilius. 
Virginia, offic. abbr. Va. 
Virginia creeper (bot.), 

not -ian — (not cap.). 
virginibus puerisque 

(Lat.), for girls and boys. 
virgola (It. typ. f.), comma. 
virgolette (It. typ. f. pi.), 

quotation marks. 
virgule (Fr. typ. f.), 

comma; point et — , semi- 
viritim (Lat.), man by man. 
virtu (articles o^, not 

ve- (not ital.). 
virtuos/o, one skilled in 

an art, pi. -OS ; /em. -a, 

pi. -as. 
visj (Lat.f.), force,/*/, vires ; 

— a tergO, force from 

visa (Fr. m.), signature, 

endorsement {see also 

vis-a-vis (Ft.), face to face 

viscount/, -ess, -y (when 

alone not cap.) ; abbr. 

visc/us (Lat.), an organ ; 

pi. -era. 
vise, a tool, use vice. 
visiS (Fr. past participle), 

/ent. -6e, signed, endorsed 

''see also visa), 
viser (Fr.), to aim, to en- 
dorse (see also visser). 
Vishnu, second person of 

the Hindu triad, 
visitor, not -er. 
visj major (Lat.), superior 

force ; — medicatrix 

naturae, nature's power 

of healing. 
visor, a cap peak, not viz-. 



visser (Fr.), to screw {see 

also vissr). 
vista/, a view ; pi. -a. 
visualize, not -ise. 
vis v/va(Lat.), living force. 
vitalise, not -ise. 
vitiat/e, -or. 
vituperat/e, -or. 
viva ! (It.), long live ! 
vivandijer (Fr.), /em. 

'drCf army sutler. 
vivant rex et regina! 

(Lat.), long live the King 

and Queen ! 
vivari/um, enclosure for 

living things ; pi. -a. 
vivatl regina I (Lat.), long 

live the Queen! — rex! 

ditto the King ! 
viva/ voce, orally, not viva 

— ; Eng. pi. — voces 

(not ital.). 
Vive II (Fr.), long live ! — 

la RSpublique! ditto 

the Republic ! — Fempe- 

reurl ditto the Emperor ! 
Vivian (Sir Arthur 

Pendarves), 1834- ; — 

fam. name of Barons 

Swansea and Vivian {see 

also Vy-). 
vivisect/, -or. 
vixit.. .annos{Lsit.), lived 

(somany)years; abbr.v.a. 
viz., videlicet (namely) (not 

ital.) ; (typ.) comma be- 
fore, but use of namely 

vizier, a Mohammedan 

official, Mo/-ir, -sier. 
vizor, use vis-. 
V.I., varia lectio (a variant 

V. M, (Ger.), vorigen Monats 

(last month). 
V.M.H., Victoria Medal of 

Honour (R. Hort. Soc). 
V.O., (Royal) Victorian 

vo., verso (left-hand page). 
V. O. (Ger.), von oben (from 

the top). 
voc, vocative. 
vocab., vocabulary. 

vocalize, not -ise. 
vocative, abbr. voc. 
voce (It. mus.), voice ; abbr. 

V. {see also vox). 
Voeleker (Dr. J. A.), 

Voelker gas mantle. 
vogue la galhre! (Fr.)^ 

happen what may ! 
Vogu§ (vicomte M. de), 

1 848-, Fr. writer. 
VOilh] (Fr.), see there ! — 

tout, that is all. 
voile (Fr. m.), a veil; (f.) 

a sail. 
Volcal (Ger. m.), vowel 

vol., volume. 
volaille (Fr. f.), fowl, 

volant (Fr. dress, m.), a 

Volapiik, the language. 
volatilize, not -ise. 
voi-au'vent (Fr. cook. 

m.), puff-pie. 
volcano/, pi. -es. 
vol d'oiseau {k) (Fr. m.), 

as the crow flies. 
Vollcsliedl (Ger. n.), a folk- 

song ; pi. -er (cap.). 
Volksraad, S. Afr. legis- 
lative assembly, 
vols., volumes. 
volt (elec), unit of E.M.F., 

abbr. V. 
VOlta SUbitO (It. mus.), turn 

over quickly ; abbr, v.S. 
volte- face (Fr.), a turning 

volume, abbr. vol.,/>/. vols. 
Volunteer Artillery, 

abbr. V.A. 
Volunteers, abbr. V. 
von, this prefix usually I.e., 

but copy signature, 
vonj oben (Ger.), from the 

top, abbr. v. o. ; — unten, 

from the bottom, abbr. 
V. u. 
vorChristiOeburt, or vor 
CbristuSy or vor Cbris- 
to (Ger.), B.C.; abbr. 
V. Chr, 



vorigen Monats (Ger.), 

last month ; abbr. V. M. 

vortn. (Ger.), vormittags (in 
the forenoon, a.m.), vor- 
mals (formerly). 

vormals (Gen), formerly ; 
abbr. vorm. (not cap.). 

vormittags (Ger.), in the 
forenoon, or a.m. ; abbr. 
vorm. (not cap.). 

Vorrede (Ger. f.)', preface 

vort/ex,/>/. -ices. 

Vbrw'Ort (Ger. n.), preface, 
preposition (cap.). 

vouch/er, in law -or. 

voxl (Lat. f.), voice, pi. 
voces; — populi, public 

voyelle (Fr. f.), vowel. 

voyezi (Fr.), see! look! 
abbr. v. 

V.P., Vice-President. 

"V.R., Victoria Regina 
(Queen Victoria). 

vraisemblance (not ital.\ 

V.R.C., Volunteer Rifle 
Corps ; V.R. et I., Vic- 
toria Regina et Imperatrix 
(Victoria Queen and Em- 
press) ; V.R.P., Vestra 
Reverendissima Patemitas 
(Your Most Reverend 

V.S., Veterinary Surgeon ; 
V.8. (Fr. chron.), vieux 

style (old style), (Lat.) 
vide supra (see above), 
(It. mus. ) volta subito (turn 
over quickly) ; V.S.C, 
Volunteer Staff Corps. 

V.T., Vetus Testantentunt 
(Old Test.). 

Vt., Vermont (offic. abbr.). 

V. U. (Ger.), von unten (from 
the bottom). 

vue d*oiseau (h) (Fr. f.), 
from a bird's-eye view. 

Vuillaume, family of mus. 
instrument makers. 

vulcanize, not -ise. 

Vulg., the Vulgate. 

vulg., vulgar, -ly. 

vulgar fractions, see 

vulgarize, not -ise. 

Vulgate, the Latin Bible 
of the R.C.C. ; abbr. 

VUlgO (Lat.), commonly. 

W., verses, (mus.) first 
and second violins. 

VV.ll., varige lectiones (vari- 
ant readings). 

V.W., Very Worshipful. 

v.y. (bibliog.),variousyears. 


Vymwy ILake, Oswestry. 

Vyvyan (Rev. Sir V.D.), 
1826- ; — (Rt. Rev. 
W. Ij.), Bishop of Zulu- 
land {see also Vivian). 






W., Wales, warden, Wed- 
nesday, Welsh, west, -em, 
Western postal district, 
London, all proper names 
with this initial ; it is not 
used in the numeration of 

W, wolfram (tungsten). 

w., week, -s, wife, (naut.) 
wet dew. 

W.A., Western Australia. 

wabble, not wo-. 

W.A.F.F., West African 
Frontier Force. 

W. Afr., West Africa. 

wagon/, -er, -ette, not 

wagonj {Ft. m.), a railway 

carriage ; lit, sleeping 


wagtail, a bird (one word). 

Wahabis, a Mohammedan 
sect, not -ees. 

" Wahrheit (Dichtung 
und) " (Ger.) (Truth 
and Fiction), by Goethe. 

Waiapu (Bp. of). New 

Wai-hai-wei, use Wei-. 

Wain (Charles's) (astr.). 

wainscot/, -ed, -ing. 


Wakley (Thomas), 1795- 
1862, founded " The 
Lancet'' in 1823 {see also 

WaL, Walloon. 

Walachian, use Wall-. 

Walbrodt (C. A.), 1871-, 
chess player. 

Walcot, Bath, Norwich ; 
Walcote, Lutterworth ; 
Walcott, Lincoln {see 
also Wolcot). 

Waldteufel (Emil), Ger- 
man composer. 

w^ale, a flesh mark, ws^ weal. 

w^aler, a N.S.W. horse. 

Wales, abbr. W. 

Walhalla, use V-. 
Walker (Matthew), a 

walking-stick (hyphen). 
Walkley (A. B.), 1855-, 

writer {see also Wakley). 
walk-over, no competition 

(hyphen) ; abbr. W.O. 
" Walkiire (Die)," second 

part of Wagner's " Nibe- 

w^alkyrie, use v-. 
wa//a(Ind.), aman, not -ah. 
w^allaby, a small kangaroo, 

not the many variations. 
Wallace (Alfred Russel, 

not -ell\ 1822-, natural- 

t -ell) 

ist ; — (Sir Donald M.), 
1841-, writer ; — (Prof. 
Robert), 1853-, agric. 
writer; — (Sir Wil- 
liam), 1272-1305, Scot, 
hero ; — (W. V.), 1814- 
65, composer {see also 
Wallas, Wallis). 

Wallachian, not Wala-. 

Wallas (Graham), 1858-, 
writer {see also Wallace, 

wall-eyed (hyphen). 

wallflower (one word). 

Wallis (Q, H.), 1 847-, 
art writer ; — (Henry), 
1 830-, pain ter ; — (John), 
1616-1703, a founder of 
the Royal Society ; — 
( Whitworth), art writer 
{see also Wallace, 

Walloon, abbr. Wal. 

Wallop, fam. name of Earl 
of Portsmouth ; pron. 

wall-paper (hyphen). 

Walpurgis night, the 
one preceding i May. 

Walther (Otto), 1855-, 
director of the Nordrach- 



Walton (Izaak), 1593- 

1683, wrote " Compleat 

waltz, a dance ; in Fr. f. 

valse (not ital.). 
W. & A. (bot.), Wight and 

W. & M., William and 

Mary (King and Queen), 
wapiti, Amer. elk, not 

War, Warwickshire. 
Ward (Mrs. Humphry, 

not -rey), 1851-, writer, 
warden, abbr. W. 
Warington (Robert), 

1838-1907, F.R.S. {see also 

War Office, abbr. W.O. 
warrant/er, in law -or. 
Warre (Edmond), 1837-, 

Provost of Eton. 
Warrington, Lanes {see 

also Wari-). 
Warwickshire, abbr. 

w^asegoose, use w^ayz- 
Wash., Washington (offic. 

wash-drawing, one made 

with a brush and black 

or neutral tint, 
washhouse (one word), 
wasn't (typ.),to be close up. 
watch/case, -maker, 

-w^ord (one word). 
water-closet (hyphen), 

abbr. W.C. (s.caps.). 
water/course, -fall (one 

word) ; lily (hyphen). 

watermark (typ.), a de- 
sign within the paper 

itself (one word). 
water/proof, -works (one 

Watling Street, a Roman 

road in England, 
watt (elec), power, 
wattling, twig structure. 
Watts - Dunton (Theo- 
dore), writer. 
waul, a cat-cry, not -wl. 
wav/e, -y. 

way (under), moving, not 
— weigh (two words). 

wavy rule (typ.), v^-.^.^^—-. 

Waynflete (William of), 
1395-1486, Bp. of Win- 
chester, Lord Chancellor. 

W^ayzgoose/, printers' an- 
nual dinner, etc., not the 
many variations ; pi. -S. 

Waziristan, Afghanistan, 
not Wazar-. 

W.B., way-bill. 

W.C, Wesleyan Chapel, 
Western - Central postal 
district, London ; W.C, 
water - closet, without 
charge ; W.C.T.U., 

Woman's Christian Tem- 
perance Union. 

W.D., War Department, 
Works ditto. 

weal, a flesh mark, not wale. 

wear, of a river, use w^eir. 

weasand, the gullet, not 

weathercock (one word). 

Webb (Sidney), 1859-, 

Wedgwood ware, not 
wedge- (no cap. or hy- 

Wednesday, abbr. W., or 

w^eek/, -s, abbr. w., or wk. 

weekday (one word); in 
Fr., not cap., as lundi. 

weever, a fish. 

weigh (under), moving, 
use — way. 

weight, abbr. wt. 

weights (typ.), use fig- 
ures ; abbreviations as 
s added for the plural. 

Wei-hai-wei, not Wai-. 

weir, of a river, not -ar. 

Weismann (August), 
1834-, zool. 

Weissniohtw^o, in "Sar- 
tor Resartus." 

Weizsacker (Julius), 
1 828-89, hist.; —(Karl), 
1822-99, theol. ; pron. 

welcher (turf), not -sher. 



Weldon (Sir A. A.), 1863-; 

— (W. P. R.), zool. {see 
also Welldon). 

^^elk, use "w^h-. 
well/-being, — -bom, 

— -bred (hyphens). 
Welldon ( Canon J.E.C.), 

1854-, Bp. of Calcutta 
1 898-1901 {see also Wel- 

Wellhauaen (Julius), 
1844-, Ger. theologian. 

■wellnigh (one word). 

well-to-do (hyphens). 

Welsh, abbr. W. ; (typ.) 
alphabet has 26 letters; 
ch, dd, ff, ng, 11, th, being 
each counted as one. No 
/, k, q, V, X, s. In addition 
to the usual accents, w 
( = 00) and y may have 
the circumflex. 

welsher (turf), use -cher. 

welsh rabbit (cook.), not 

— rarebit (not cap.). 
Welwitschia (bot.). 
Wemyss (Earl of); pron. 

Wergeland (Henrik), 

1808-45, Norw. poet, 
w^ergild, a fine, not were-. 
Werkj (Ger. typ. n.), a 

work ; pi. -e (cap.). 
werwolf (myth.), a man- 
wolf, not were-. 
west/, -ern, abbr. W. {see 

also compass). 
West Africa, abbr. W. 

Westcott(B.Foss), 1825- 

1901, Bp. of Durham. 
West End, London (caps.). 
westeria, use wistaria. 
Western Australia, abbr. 

Westmeath, Co. Ire. ; — 

(Earl of) (one word). 
Westmorland, offic. ; — 

(Earl of), not -eland. 
West Virginia, abbr. W. 

W.f. (typ.), wrong fount {see 

proof correction marks 

and wrong fount). 

W.g., wire gauge. 

whalebone (one word). 

whallabee, use wallaby. 

whar/f, abbr. whf. ; pi. 

Wharfedale, Yorks. 

what-d*ye-call-it ? (col- 
loq.) (hyphens, apos.). 

Whately (Richard), 
1787-1863, Abp. of Dub- 
lin, not -ey. 

Whatman paper, a first- 
quality English hand-made 
drawing paper (cap.). 

whatnot, a ptece of fur- 
niture with shelves (one 

wheatear, a bird (one 

wheat-ear, an ear of wheat 

wheelbarrow (one word). 

Wheeler (J. Talboys), 
1824-97, hist, of India. 

Wheler (Sir T. W.), 

whelk, a mollusc, not we-. 

whereas (law), a word 
which introduces the re- 
cital of a fact (one word, 
usually cap.). 

whether or not {not — 
— no). 

w^hf., wharf. 

which (gram.), now refers 
exclusively to things ; who, 
to persons. 

whifle-tree, use Whipple-. 

w^hile aw^ay, not wi-. 

whilom, not -e. 

w^himbrel, a bird, not 

whimsey, a freak, not 

whipper/-in, pi. — a-in. 

w^hipple-tree, mo^ whiffle-. 

w^hip-poor-will, a bird 

whirl/poo^ -wind (one 

whisky, not -ey. 

Whistler (J. McNeill, 
not -eil), 1 834- 1903, 
painter, etc. 



Whitaker & Sons, pub- 
lishers of "Almanack" 
(not -ac), etc., Warwick 
Lane, E.C. {see also 

whit/e (typ.), any space of 
paper not printed upon ; 
-ish, -y ; white/ edges, 
see edges; — line, a line 
not printed upon. 

"Whitehall, London (one 

Whiteing (Richard), 
1840-, writer. 

■whitening, not whitn-, 

white out (typ.), to space 
out composed matter, 
such as a title page. 

White's Club, London. 

White - Thomson (Sir 
R. T.), 1831-. 

whitewash (one word). 

whiting, use whiten-. 

Whitman (Walt), 1819- 
92, Amer. poet. 

Whit/-Monday, -Sun- 
day, seventh after Easter 
(caps., hyphen). 

Whittaker & Co., pub- 
lishers. White Hart St., 
E.C. (s^^ a/so Whitaker). 

Whittier (J.G.), 1807-92, 
Amer. poet. 

Whittingehame, Pres- 
tonkirk ; pron. -jam. 

Whittingham, Lanes, 
Northumb.; — (Charles), 
1 767-1840, founder Chis- 

Whittlesea, Cambs, noi 

whiz, noi -zz. 

W.H.M.A., Women's 
Home Missionary Asso- 

W^ho (gram.), now refers 
exclusively to persons : 
which, to things. 

whoa! stop ! 

whole-bound, bound 

wholly in leather. 

whooping-cough*, noi 
hoop- — (hyphen). 

who's, who is Capos.). 
Whyte-Melville (G. J.), 

1821-78, writer (hyphen). 
W.I., West Indies, -ian. 
wich/-elm, -hazel, use 

Wicliffe, see Wy-. 

widgeon, a bird, noi wig-. 
Widmung (Ger. typ. f.), 

Wieland (C. M.), 1733- 

1813, Ger. writer. 
Wien, in Eng. Vienna. 
Wieniaw^ski (Henri), 

1835-80, violinist, com- 
poser ; — (Joseph), 

1857-, painter. 
Wiesbaden (one word), 
wife, abbr. w, 
Wigan (Sir Frederick), 

wigeon, use widg-. 
Wiggin (Sir Henry \ 

1824-1905 ; — (Mrs. K. 

D.), writer. 
Wight (Isle of), abbr. 

Wigorn., signature Bp. of 

Worcester (full point). 
Wigton, Cumberland. 
Wigtown, Scotland. 
Wilde (Henry), 1833-, 

wild-fowl (hyphen). 

wile away, use w^h . 

wilful/, -ly,-ness,«o^ will-. 
Wilhelmj (August), 

1 845-, Ger. violinist. 
Wilhelmshafen, Ger. 

naval station (one word). 
will-o*-the-wisp,the ignis 

fatuus (apos., hyphens). 
Willoughby de Eresby 

(Lord), pron. — derz'be. 
Willshire (Sir A. R. T.), 

Wiltshire, abbr. Wilts. 
Wimborne (Baron), 
wimbrel, use wh-. 
Winawer(S.),i839-, chess 

win/cey, a cloth, use -sey. 



Winchelsea, Sussex. 

Winchilsea (Earl of). 

Winckelmann (J. J.), 
1717-68, Ger. art critic. 

wind (naut.), i, light air; 
2, light breeze ; 3, gentle 
— ; 4, moderate — ; 5, 
fresh — ; 6, strong — ; 
7, moderate gale ; 8, fresh 
— ; 9, strong — ; 10, 
whole — ; II, storm ; 12, 

Wind. I., Windward Is- 

win/e, -y. 

■winepress (one word). 

"winsey, a cloth, not -cey. 

wint/er, -ry (not cap.). 

"wintergroen (one word). 

Winton., signature Bp. of 
Winchester (full point). 

W.I.B,., West India Regi- 

wire gauge, abbr. w.g. 

wlsard, use wiz-. 

Wisbech.Cambs, not -each. 

Wise, Wisconsin (offic. 

Wisdom of Solomon 
(Apocr.), no abbr. 

"Wiseacre (one word). 

Wislicenus (Johannes), 
1835-1902, chemist. 

wistaria (bot.), «o/weste-. 

witch/ -elm, -hazel, use 
wych . 


•writhe, a flexible twig, not 
wythe, -y. 

withhold, etc. (one word, 
2 A's). 

wivern, use wy-. 

wizard, not wis-. 

w^k., week, -s. 

W.Ii.F., Women's Liberal 

W. long., west longitude. 

W.M.S., Wesleyan Mis- 
sionary Society. 

W.N.W., west-north-west 
{see also compass). 

W.O., walk-over. War 

wobble, use wa-. 

Wodehouse, fam. name of 

Earl of Kimberley ; pron. 

woebegone, not wob-. 
woeful, not wof-. 
Wohler (F.), 1800-82, 

Ger. chemist. 
Wolcot (John), 1738- 

1819, " Peter Pindar " 

{see also Walcot). 
Wolf (liucien), 1857-, 

journalist and writer. 
Wolfe (Charles), 1791- 

1823, writer and poet ; — 

(James), 1727-59, took 

Wolff (Sir H. Drum- 

mond), d. 1908 ; — (J. C. 

von), 1679-1754, philos. 

and math. ; — ( Johan- 

nes),'cellist; — (Joseph), 

1795-1862, traveller; — 

(K. F.), 1733-94, embry- 

ologist {see also Wolfe, 

wolverine, not -ene. 
w^omen's rights (apos.). 
won't (typ.), to be close 

up, one apos. only. 
w^oodbine, honeysuckle, 

not -ind. 
woodcock/, m. andf.,/>/. -s. 
woodcut (one word). 
w^oodpecker (one word). 
w^oodruff (bot.), not -roof, 
woodwork (one word), 
wool/, -len, -ly. 
Woolsack (House of 

Lords) (one word). 
woolsorter's disease, not 

-s' — . 
Worcestershire, abbr. 

Worde, see Wynkyn. 
Word of God (the) 

(caps.), but in New T. l.c. 
w^orkaday (one word). 
work/house, -man (one 

work off (typ.), actually to 

print the paper, 
w^ormwood (bot.). 
Wormwood Scrubs, 

near London. 



worship/, -ped, -per, 

wouldst (typ.), to be close 

up, no apos. 
Woulfe (Peter), 1727- 

1806, chemist ; woulfe 

bottles named after {see 

also Wolf/, -e, Wolff), 
w^ove paper, that which 

does not showwire marks : 

distinct from laid — . 
W.P., Worthy Patriarch. 
W.P.B., waste - paper 

W.R,, West Riding, Yorks ; 

Wirral Railway, Ches. 
wrack *, a seaweed, 

iwt r-. 
wrasse, a fish, noi -ass. 
wrath., very angry. 
Wray, see Ray. 
wreath (noun). 
wreathe (verb). 
Writers* Club, London 

writers* cramp, not -er's 

writing paper, a better, 

harder, and more highly 

glazed kind than that used 

for printing. 
"wrongdoing (one word). 
wrong fount (typ.), abbr. 

W.f. This to be written 

in the margin, and the 

type itself underlined or 

wroth, wrathful. 

Wrottesley (Baron). 
W.S. (Sc), Writer to the 

Signet (= attorney). 
W.S.W., west-south-west 

(see also compass), 
"wt., weight. 

Wiirtemberg, near Ba- 
varia, offic. Wiirtt-. 
«*Wuthering Heights,** 

by Emily Bronte, 1846. 
W. Va., West Virginia 

(offic. abbr.). 
Wyandotte, N. Amer. 

Indians ; I.e. a fowl, not-ot. 
wych/-elm, -hazel, not 

wich-, witch-. 
Wycherley (W.), 1640- 

17 16, dramatist. 
WycUf (John), d. 1384, 

rel. reformer, not the many 

Wymondham, Norfolk ; 

pron. wind'ham. 
Wyndham, fam. name of 

Baron Leconfield ; — (Sir 

Charles), 1841-, actor. 
Wyndham - Quin, family 

name of Earl of Dunraven. 
Wynkyn de Wor de, 1471- 

1534, second printer in 

Wyo., Wyoming (offic. 

Wy. Ter., Wyoming Ter- 
wyth/e, -y, use withe, 
wyvem, heraldic dragon, 

not wi-. 




401 26 


X., Christ, all proper names 
with this initial, the 
twenty-first in a series. 

X, ten, also certain kinds 
of beer. 

X (math.), the first unknown 

Xbre (Fr.), December. 

XC, 90. 

XCIX, 99. 

xop., ex (without) coupon. 

x.d.* or ex div.*, ex (with- 
out) dividend. 

Xeres, Spain, not Jerez. 

x.i.*, ex (without) next 

Xmas, Christmas (no point). 

Xn., Christian. 

x.n.*, ex (without) the 
right to new shares. 

X-ray (hyphen). 

Xt., Christ. 

XX, certain kinds of beer. 

X X (paper), retree (no 

XXX, certain kindsof beer. 

XXX (paper), broken or 

xylography, the printing 
of fifteenth-century wood- 
block books. 






Y., all proper names with 
this initial, the twenty- 
second in a series. 

Y, yttrium. 

y., year, -s. 

y (math.), the second un- 
known quantity. 

yacht, in Fr. m. pron. yak; 
in Ger. Jacht. 

ya^(er(Ger.),huntsman, use 

Yahveh (Heb.), Jahveh. 

Yakutsk, Siberia, not J-. 

Yangtze-kiang, Chinese 

yard/, -s, abbr. yd. ; (typ.) 
number of to be in figures. 

Yarde-Buller, fam. name 
of Baron Churston. 

Yarkand, Cent. Asia, not 
-end, -und. 

yarl, tise]-*. 

Yaroalav, Russia, not J-. 

yashmak, Moslem wo- 
man's veil. 

Y.B., year-book. 

Yb, ytterbium. 

Y.C., Yale College, U.S.A. 

yd., yard, -s. 

y«, =the, through confusing 
the Anglo-Saxon J> ( = th) 
with Old-Eng. g (y). 

Yeames (W. F.), 1835-, 
painter ; pron. yamz. 

year/, -s, abbr. y. 

year-book (hyphen), abbr. 

years (typ.), in giving the 
first and last of a series 
use the fewest figures that 
suffice,as 1892-8, 1855-80, 
1 890- 1 904. 

Yeats (W. B.), 1865-, 
writer ; pron. yates. 

yelk, use yo-. 

yellow-hammer, a bird 
(hyphen), not ammer. 

•* Yellowplush Papers," 

by Thackeray, 184 1 (two 

Yellowstone/ Park; — 
Elver (two words). 

yen, the dollar of Japan, 
about two shillings. 

Yenisei, Siberian river, not 

Yeo,, Yeomanry. 

Yerkes telescope, Amer. 

yeux, see cell. 

Yezo, Japan, not -sso. 

Yggdrasill (Scan, myth.), 
the tree binding heaven, 
earth, and hell, not the 
many variations (two Z's). 

Yiddish, a Jewish dia- 

ylang-ylang, perfume (hy- 

Y.L.I., Yorkshire Light 

Y.M.C.A., Young Men's 
Christian Association ; 
Y.M.Cath.A., ditto 
Catholic — ; Y.M.C.U., 
ditto Christian Union : 
Y.M.F.S., ditto Friendly 

Ynca, use Inca*. 

yodel/*, falsetto song; -led, 
-ling, «o/-dle, jodel. 

yokel, a rustic, not -chel, 

Yokohama (one word). 

yolk, of an egg, not ye-. 

Yonge (C. D.), 1812-91, 
writer ; — (Charlotte 
M.), 1832-1901, writer; 
pron. yung (^see also 

Yorke, fam. name of Earl 
of Hardwicke. 

Yorkshire/, abbr. Yorka 
(no point) ; — Light In- 
fantry, abbr. Y.L.I. 

Yosemite Valley, Amer. ; 
pron, yo-sem'i-t6. 


Youghal, Ireland, approx. 

pron. yawl. 
YoiQ (Sir J. A.), 1809- 

you'll (typ.), to be close 

Yoiing (Arthur), 1741- 

1820 ; — (Brigham), 

1801-77, Mormon leader ; 

— (Edward), 1681- 1765, 
wrote" Night Thoughts" ; 

— (James), 181 1-83, 
originator of commercial 
paraflSn ; — (Thomas), 
1773-1829, physicist {see 
also Yonge). 

younger, abbr. yr. 

Young Men's Christian 
Association, abbr. 

Y.M.C.A.; ditto Wo- 
men's, Y.W.C.A. 

yours (no apos.). 

Yquem (Chftteau-), a 
Sauterne (hyphen). 

yr., younger. 

Yriarte (Charles), 1832- 
98, Fr. writer. 

Ysaye (Eugdne), 1858-, 
violinist ; pron. e-si'ye. 

Yseult/, -e, Ysolde, 
Ysolt, Ysoude, use 

ytterbium, symbol Yb. 

yttrium, symbol Y. 

Yukon/ River, — Terri- 
tory, Alaska, not Youcon, 

Yvetot, Normandy ; pron. 

Y.W.C.A., Young Wom- 
en's Christian Association; 
Y.W.C.T.U., ditto Tem- 
perance Union ; Y. W.S., 
Young Wales Society. 





Z., all proper names with 
this initial, the twenty- 
third of a series, (Ger.) 
Zeile (line), Zoll (m.), 
inch, toll. 

Z (mag.), symbol for reluc- 

Z (math.), the third unknown 

Zach., Zachary. 

Zaehnsdorf (J.), 1816-86, 

Zambezi, river, not -si. 

2saiiana, use ze-. 

Zangwill (Israel), 1864-, 

Zaragoza, Spain ; in Eng. 

zariba (Arab.), fortified 
camp, not the many varia- 

Zarakoe, use Tsarskoye 

z. B. (Ger.), zum Beispiel 
(for example). 

Zech., Zechariah. 

Zeeland, Holland, wo^Zea-. 

Zeile (Ger. f.), line; abbr. 
Z. (cap.). 

Zeitgeist (Ger. m.), the 
spirit of the time (cap.). 

Zeltinger, a Moselle wine. 

zenana(Ind.), the women's 
apartments, not za-. 

Zeph., Zephaniah. 

zero/, pL -ss. 

Zetinje, use Cetinje. 

Z.G., Zoological Gardens. 

zigzag/, -ged, -ging (one 

Zimmerinan (Henry), 
1851-, painter. 

Zimmermaim (Agnes 
M.), composer; — ( J.G.), 
1728-95, author of "Soli- 

Zimmern (Alice), 1855-, 

writer ; — (Helen), 

1 846-, writer, 
zinc, symbol Zn. 
zincography, the art of 

engraving, and printing 

from zinc. 
zingara {d la) (Fr. cook.), 

in gipsy style. 
zingarjO (It.), a gipsy, />/. 

-/; /em. -a, pi. -e. 
zirconium, symbol Zr. 
Zn, zinc. 

zodiac, see astronomy. 
Zoll (Ger. m.), inch, toll ; 

abbr. Z. 
ZoUverein (Ger. m.), cus- 
toms union. 
zoochem., zoochemistry, 

zoogeog., zoogeography, 

zool., zoology, -ical, -ist. 
zoology, Mo/zoOl-, but pron. 

zo-ol'- ; abbr. zool.; (typ.) 

genera, species, and 

varieties to be italic, other 

divisions roman. 
zo/on, an animal ; pi. -a. 
Zr, zirconium. 
Z.S., Zoological Society. 
Zuider Zee, Holland ipron. 

zoy'dr zay. 
Zukertort (J. H.), 1842- 

88, chess player. 
Zulu, not Zool 00. 
Zxiluland (Bp. of) (one 

zum Beispiel (Ger.), for 

example ; abbr. z. B. 
Zurich, Switz. ; in Ger. Zii-. 
Zuscbrift (Ger. f.), letter, 

zweitens (Ger.), secondly. 
Zwingli (Ulrich), 1484- 

153 1, theologian. 




YA 03l2o