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LO.MM»2< . riUKTRO lit W. CLOWBa AMD feOM^ >TAM»X>ftl> frTHKIiT. 







(ma inuunr.) 

I am much obliged to my dear Miss Collingwood for 
both her letters ; but let me tell you, you exult too soon, 
I cannot yet oum my wager lost.^ Designing and acting 
are two things, but if I do lose it, I will pay it honestly, 
and contrive a way for you to receive it on the spot it 
was lost.* I have done a thousand things since I saw 
you, and well I may (for it is a thousand years) modestly 
speaking. I was in London for twenty minutes, but it 
being devotion-time I would not attempt calling on you. 
I have had some company with me ; been at Isle worth, 
Twickenham, Whitton, Hounslow ; seen Mr. Wingfield, 

' " (Joke.^ This word ia meant for the Cock, but is spelt in various ways in 
different letters. 

* The ^ Wager ^ probably was that Miss Collingwood instead of going into 
a coQTent would be married before the ** Strawberry season " was over. 



his lady, and Mr. Pope's gardens; almost finished a 
history piece and a portrait ; worked hard at my grotto, 
(undone as much as I have done,) am to dine to-day at 
Osterley, S'' Francis Child's, and will do my utmost to 
smite the old knight. But tell me who yoiu: rapturous 
lord was ? there is but one in the world I could have 
sufipected for such a speech, and he is over the hilLs and 
far away ! My brother is returned from Tunbridge. 
Yesterday he and the Wingfields dined with me ; to- 
morrow I shall have a house full. Expect a challenge for 
some day next week, and if you wish to see me as much 
as I wish to see you, my scheme will succeed. I am 
Mrs. Collingwood's humble servant, and dear Colly's 

Most faithful 

M. Pen. 

Don't think me saucy ; this is a hasty dab, but the 
coach waits. 

Lysons says that Osterley House " was rebuilt by Sir Thomas 
Grcsham, and was completed in 1577. In the year 1578 Queen 
Elizabeth visited Osterley, where Sir Thomas Gresliam cntertaintMl • 
her in a very magnificent manner. Lord Chief Justice Coke 
inhabited it after I^y Gresliam's death, and George Earl of Des- 
mond and liis Countess residt^l at Osterley many years. Sir 
William Waller, the Parliamentary general, lived tlicrc from 1C57 
to his death in 1668. 

" In the early part of the 18th century, Osterley became the pro- 
perty of Sir Francis Child, a citizen of great opulence and emi- 
nence. He was Lord Mayor of London in 1699, as was his son. 
Sir Francis, in 1732. The house was again rebuilt by Francis 
Child, Es(i., about 1760; the ancient ground-plan was, for the 
most part, preserved, and the turrets at the corners remain, having 
Ixjcn newly ca^ed : the inside was fitted up with taste and nmg- 
niiicence, and was finished by Iwobert Child, who 8uccec<le<l liis 

or MB8. IMEUHY. 3 

bn4wK Vaam, in 176^; tba ftuicMe is oriMiineiited wilk a fiao 
pwiting ij Bnbent, of the apotfaeoda of WQliam I. Pnnoe of 
Qm^. troai^t fiom HdUand bjr Sir Ftumob Child. The iiiost 
FPiwirtahle lOoms ace a noUe gaileij, contuning a guod ocdlection 
of pieturet by the old maaten, and some TalaaUc portraits ; the 
state bedxoaniy ^eiy magftificently fiiniished ; and a drawing-room 
hmag widi bemttifiil tapestrjr, pioeured from the Gobdins mana- 
ftetoaf in 1T75^ the Ubmiy eonlnina a hige and Talnable col- 
kolifla of hooka* In the garden was a menagerie containing alaigo 
lyJinrtin ti of nre fairdi^*' 

Walpole jKys, in 1773 : *' On Friday we went to aee-K)h» tho 
pahwe of falaoea I— and jet a palace Jons crMPn, aoiit cormut ; 
bill BoiSti expense t such taste 1 such profunon I and yet half an 
acre produces all the rents that fumisli such magnificence. It is 
a jagliiie got wtthont a ennie $ ' in shorty a shop is the estate, and 
Oiteiley Fttk is the spot The old house *I have often seen, 
whUi wm boilt by Sir Thomas Gresham ; but it is so improved 
and f*~*^ft'i, that all the Peioies and Seymours of Sion must die 
of CDfy; there is a double portico that filb the space between 
the towers in fionty and is as noble as the Propyleum of Athens. 
There is a hall, library, breakfiist-room, eating-rooin, all chc&- 
d*0Buvre of Adam; a gallery one hundred-and-tliirty feet long, 
and a drawing-room worthy of Eve before the Fall. Mr?. Child's 
drenng-room is full of pictures, gold filigree, china and japan. 
So is all the house ; the chairs are taken from antique lyres, and 
make charming harmony; there are Salvators, Caspar Poussins, 
and to a beautiful staircase, a ceiling by Rubens ; not to mention 
a kitchen-garden that costs 1400/. a year, a mcmgerie full of birds 
that come from *a thousand islands which Mr. Banks has not dis> 
covered ; and then, in the drawing-room I mentioned, there arc 
door-cases, and a crimson and gold frieze, that I believe were bor- 
rowed from the Palace of the Sun, and then the park is the 
ugliest spot of ground in the universe, and so I returned com- 
forted to Strawberry ! You shall see these wonders tlie first tiii.o 
you come to Twickenham." 



lift. Pemdarva to Ifn. jbm GramfiBe^ 

Xoitiiend, 10 Od^ 1737. 

I dedicate this hour to tell you how well eveiything 
liere looks, from the generous lord of the place down to 
CT088 squawling Patch, the thing in the house least in my 
favour. We came on Saturday as you know, if you are 
with Sally ; the day proved so wet, that I could only 
take one walk round the garden ; but having Sir John 
Stanley to converse with, youTl say I had not much rea- 
son to complain of my confinement. Yesterday the 
weather was very agreeable — a soft air and no rain ; I 
walked almost two hours without resting. The trees and 
grass were so green, and the flowers so sweet, that I was, 
K \^\ deceived for some time, and took it far q>rmg; my 
/ ' happy imagination led me to a train of delights, the 
chief of which was the hopes of seing my dearest sister 
i in a month or two ! I walked from one flower-plot to 
\ another, till I composed a nosegay of anemonies, cama- 
] tions, roses, honeysuckles, sweet williams, jessamine, 
sweet briar, and myrtle, full of pleasing reflections, till 
unluckily I turned down the lime walk, where the 
! fluttering of the brown leaves about my ears, and the 
fcuille-mort carpet under my feet, led me back to the 
latter end of October, destroyed every pleasing thought, 
and left me six months further from you than I was the 
moment before. What a transition ! 

I must talk to you now of the only person wlio can 
make up in any d^ree that change to me — our dear 


Si: Jvhri : h*? l*>:'ks and is as well tts you and I ran wi-'i 
Lira !<• l-r. mid so entertaining that I am sorry \vlic*n Uu 
oVk-ck comes, the liour wc walk to our clianihtrs. JI«' 
ha? "iven me for vou nine red and white cainbric haml- 
kerebieis, which I will send you when vnu jileasr*. th.y 
are made up: he has given me a pair ol' jirr::v w:.:*. 
china babies lor my cupl^.'ard, and a U.wi j ..r - '^L .:. 
cliLna, in the shape of an Indian leaf. 

I find no considerable alteration in }^-: i. . .l 
trees have danced, and shelves lH-.-u win ii i.»:.. ..- , - 
up in the closet \i*itliin tLc •-:«*;:.■-. r.i .n. V . ^^ 
talked al-.'ut my brother'> buiiiir.^. ira- •_ ■ ^ .._ 
l»e detemiined till we knuw more j^tIi-l^^- ;^ „. ... . 
^ions of the ground where it is t: "> :.^.-_ -• 
apDroves very well of tne ituvch'.^ r-;-., 
here, and liappy to meet wiiL t^f ii.j: - 
To-morrow I return to F'.nru C- >:«• a:. 
Liak'.ri:^ vi>it>- L*.- -li-.-rii :,\i- :i*^.-: . 

tl.t^ ::it-r.:-t "i 14''-.' ■ v\l. .,:; • 

to ht-'lp, aiid I ■»v:i-.-Vt wiJ. 
received tli*:- i-ij'hT ■»vi.iyt ' ..;:..■ 
J^idv SunderliiijJ ?• . Lir/v ]>a: -• 
enquired aft^.T v-.i-^. aii:. J \ .^ .- 

m m a' 



Mi>« Siitt :. X- J"'- ■••-; •. . ■ 

pair, ii..>t haVii;j v;l.:> ;■. 

J - i . * . ■ . . .. ■ ■ . 


something in her manner solid and sensible ; she is a 
different turn from any girl I have ever met with, and 
continues her love to reading ; she goes to bed at her 
usual hour, nine o'clock, and sups between seven and 
eight upon spoonmeat or roots, and I hope that regu- 
larity will make her healthy. She desired me to make 
her compliments to you. I am glad you saw our poor 
old woman once more ; no circumstance that happened 
last summer gave me so much true satisfaction as our 
visit to Foxot. Friday was so fine a day that I conclude 
you marched as you designed ; I shall be glad to have 
an accoimt of your travels as leisure offers; when you 
liave time, tell me how many pieces of cross-stitch I 
have left with you, and what grounds the borders 
have ? I am determined, if possible, to finish my set of 
chairs against next year. Don't work at that which is 
wrong traced, I design it lor a screen, and shall want 
the chairs first. Mr. Stanley is come to town, and next 
week I will get him to take out the lottery tickets. 
Pray let me know as soon as you can what money 
I desired you to pay for me at Gloucester ; I am going 
to settle all my accounts in a regular way, and must 
know that particularly ; I have got the laces, and the 
suit of nightclothes^ I have pitched on for you are 
charming — it is grounded Brussels. I hope Mrs. Percival 
will not insist on having both ? 

The lotteiy is frcquenlly mentioned in the course of this corre- 
spondence, and according to Smollett, " the whole nation was 
infected with the spirit of stock-jobbing to an astonishing degree. 

^ '* Niyht clothes '' — clothes to be worn at nighty when drcsacd, not clothes 
to bo worn in bed. 

■^■■Rp ' OF mts. utu.ANy. 7 

All diednctians of parly, rcUgicin, sccU cUarftcli.T, and etrcum- 
sEanccs, were swaUowed up. Kxcbungc Alley was fillc'd wtlh b 
itnnge concourse of statesmeo and cIerg)'inon, cliurcliincn and 
difsenters, Whigs and Tories, pliysiciana aiid Iiiwytrs, tmdcemeu, 
and even ("eraalcs; all olhcr profession? and cttijiioyments were 
utterly neglected." In fact, a spirit of gambling porviKJi'd tlio 
Mtton, and more especially tlic upper classes oC sccioly, during 
ihfi whole of the 18lJi century, and it would have beiui vgry extra^ 
t>rdioary if any fashionable lady in the early days ofMaiy Qnuivillo 
had not taken tickets in tho ticqucat lotteries. A very eurii)ua 
History of Iy>lturies may be ii-nind in Beckinaii. 

The Editor docs not any letters lioiu Mr«. I'endarvca, ttt 
Ann Grjnvillo, Hum October 10th, 1737. till November 81I1, 
1738, when Mrs, PenJ.irves writes fmrn Gloucester to Jjidy 
ThrockmoTton,' The flsters must Imve been tofrcthcr durin;; 
th»t year either in Londun, at Gloucester, fir visiting iricnda and 
relation* in tho country ; Mr, Granville was ut iliat time in 
piMseiMioii of Calwieh, and it is veiy probablo that .wmc montbt 
were spent tlierc 

Tfu: llon^ 0. Ofanvilk*fo Mn. Arm dmnvOle. 

WiniiBor, Nov. lal, 1738. 

It was no, loss to dear Miss Granville my letter being 
BO long before it came -to her band, yet loar it might 
make me appear neglectful iu returning you my thanks 
for thefevour of your letter, but I think diiily experience 
learns us that we must not always judge by outward ex- 
perience. I return you a thousand thauks for your last 
favour i I was very much pleased to hear of your flight 

' " Ladif l^rockniorloa " was tlie "/air Kittg " and the " dear Cailtiflcwer " 
t>( Ae Dachess of Portland, Mrs. Pendarvcs, and Ann Granville, who pnt an 
end to the alarm of her friends, lest she should onlcr a. convent, by marrj'ing 
8ir riobert Throckmorton, January 1738. 

* The Uononrablo Orace Granville, danghtei of George Loid LauMtowne. 



into Gloucestershire, as I know it prevented you a 
parting, which is always disagreable to you. We are in 
hopes your next expedition will be to visit your friends 
in tliis part of the world. 

According to your desire, I have enquired after our 
" new star of righteousness ,•" he does deserve in every 
particular the character you give of him. His name 
is Thorold, he has a very plentiful fortune — three 
thousand a year at present, and will have ten after hid 
father's death, a married man and five children. He 
preaches twice a week, Monday and Fridays, reads a 
chapter out of the Bible, and then explains every verse 
of it. He has got a young gentleman from Oxford to 
live with him, who follows his example : they leave 
this country very soon, and don't return hither till 
spring. The Mr. Murray ^ Lady Betty Finch has married 
is the same Pope celebrates, and I believe he is by every- 
body that knows him well spoken of; I hear there is 
to be rw? finery at the Birthday, by his Majesty's desire. 
Princess Amelia has a stuff of 30 shillings a yard, 
without either gold or silver; this news I had from 
Lady Hertford. Mentioning her, puts me in mind of a 
love-tale Lady Pomfret has wrote her word of from 
Paris, which I must tell you; I did not think such 
a story could bo met with but in a romance, but thin 
is really fact, and happened very lately. 

» William ^lurray, thinl son of David, 5tk Vwcount Stonnont, born at 
Scone, March 2, 1705. Called to the English Bar in 1730. Was {Solicitor- 
General in 1742, and Attorney-General in 1754, and Lord Chief Justice of the 
Court of King's Bench, Nov. 8, 1756; be was created Earl of liansfiekl, 
Oct. 19, 177G, and married, in 1738, Elizabeth, daughter of Daniel, Earl of 
Winchclsea and Nottingham. Died, s. /?., March 20, 1793. ITie earldom 
devolvod on his uephow, Viscount Stormont. 


Mr. Middleton, a yoong' fjmitlf^man nf no fortune, 
and younger brother to the Irish Lord Midleton, went 
into France, where he got into tlip tVcnch army. Tlic 
man of the house where he buanlcd had an extremely 
handsome 3auf»hter, with whom Mr. Middleton wiir very 
much enamourwl, and made his midreeses to her; her 
father perceived it, and knowing his daughter to he 
much iiiferiour to tlie young gentleman, tuld him he 
foand he did his daugliter tlie honour to miUiC his ad- 
dresses to her, bat a» her birth was much too low to be 
his wife, and much above being his mistress, he begged 
him not to persevere in his adcb-esses to her, ibr it 
might prove a disadvantage to them both, and in 
particular to his daughter, who had nothing hut her 
character to depend on. The young gentlemiin replied 
tJiat he loved his daughter too well to have a thought 
of her but what was honourable, and ho should he a 
most miserable man if he would not consent to their 
having a contract of marriage pass between them. Tlie 
lather most honourably endeavoured as much jus poHsibte 
to persuade him to the contrary, but all to no purpose. 
At last the contract was drawn ; but unluckily for the 
lovers, the young man was obliged to go to Paris, 
where lie met with his general, a Lord Clair, and distant 
relation of his (a very officious person, aa you'll find 
by the end of my atory). He was informed of this a&ir, 
and thought himself obligefl to send post-haste to ac- 
quaint all Mr. Middleton's relations of his amour, which 
alarmed them very much ; upon which they wrote to 
him letters of advice, endeavouring if possible to deraon- 
irtate to him how disadvantageous a match it would be 
to him to marry a woman without either birth or fortune. 




and if he really and truly loved her he would not persist 
'\ in his resolution, for with his narrow fortune they could 
have no view of happiness ; and that as for his firiends 
and relations, they were determined, if he persisted, never 
to have anything to say to him, and Ids wisest way of pro- 
ceeding would be to set the young woman at liberty, by 
desiring the contract to be returned. At last they pre- 
vailed with him to write to her. In his letter he told 
her he should never love any woman except herself, but 
?that he was so unhappy as not to have a fortune which 
S j could any ways contribute to their happiness, therefore 
/ would be miserable himself (as he must be without her) 
i rather than make her in the least unhappy, and de- 
\ sired to set her free by begging she would return him 
i the contract. Her answer was, — she willingly granted 
: his request, and never should have consented to the con- 
I tract had it not been to have satisfied him for the pre- 
\ sent, knowing how improper a match it teas for him ; as 
; for her affections, they were not in her power to change, 
j being too strongly fixed in his favour, but she wished him 
; all happiness this world could afford. The poor young 
; woman took this so much to heart that she fell into a 
/ consumption and died within the twelvemonth. Mr. 
; Middleton, who was all life and spirit, and fond of the 
gaieties of the world, forsook them all upon hearing of 
\ this news, was seized with a fever, and died in a few 
I days ! 

^ Aft43r having told my dear cousin so long a history 
and so extraordinary one, I believe she would wish me 
to conclude, but I must add my compliments to Mrs. 
Granville and Madam Pen ; my sisters are very much 
humble ser\'ants to you aU. The Duchess of Portland 


breakfasted here yesterday iDomim; : we lalk(.-d of our 
friends at Gloucester, and you are often lliought of by, 
dear Miss Granville, 

Your most affectionate and f^tiifol 

Q. Granviixb. 

Mrs. Kingdom is not yet gone to Bath ; I believe tiie 
don't think of going till XtnuiH, hein^, thank God, 
much better in healtli. 

aion-itcr, 8 Nor. ITJB. 

I shall make no apology to dear Lady Throck. for 
living hfar so long in repose. Eeport informs me you 
wilj Eoon be under a confinement tliat will make letters 
for some time very improper visiters, and I am willing, 
you should know that my best wishes attend you on thi'a 
occasion, as tlicy have donu on all others. Your Ladyship's 
hist letter was. a great joy to me; I began to fear you 
had cast mc off, and was just upon the brink of reproach- 
ii^ Sir Eobert as tlie cause of my unhappiness and your 
infidelity \ These thoughts I confess perplexed me greatly : 
mhsin. I grew calmer and considered how much reason you 
had to like one anotlier, I was not surprized you should 
not be permitted to bestow your time elsewhere, or that 
you should grow indifferent to the rest of your friends. 
Possessed of one you rate so highly, I was not a little 
pleased to find after all my reasonings I was no outcast, 
but still favoured with your remembrance and friendship j 

' Uiw Catburino Collingnoud. 



and you must change wonderfully, when I can be negli- 
gent of a distinction I wish so much to preserve* Gloii- 
cester affords so little variety, that I can send you no ao* 
counts from hence worthy your notice; we have as- 
semblies once a week, such as they are, and we go because 
we would not be thought churlish. They are made up of 
{^ \ an odd mixture, and if my sister and myself loved polling 
people to pieces, we should find material enough, to 
exercise our wits upon — at least excellent food for ill 

You have left Bath to the possession of their Boyal 
Highness's, who make no small racket- As you have no 
doubt accounts from the foimtain-head of all that passes, 
I will not trouble you with my second-hand news. It 
is impossible to take Weston in the way to Bulstrode, 
without altering the geography of the country — an un- 
dertaking by no means suited to my genius. 'Tis well 
at this time your Ladyship is out of my way, for J might 
call on you at an improper time, and I wish that may 
not be my brother's case : he is still at Calwich, but pro- 
poses going to town some time this month, and I know 
promises himself great pleasure in paying his respects to 
the happj pair, but if a visit this month should prove 
mal-a-propos, pray let me give him notice. This leads me 
to beg some account from any friendly or charitable hand 
as soon as you are brought to bed : my sister joins ear- 
nestly in the petition with me, for as we both sincerely 
love you, you may imagine how necessary it is we 
should have that' satisfaction; perhaps I may at that 
time be at Bulstrode, for I go the last week of this month i 
my sister therefore desires, she may particularly be in- 
formed. Her most faithful and kind service attends you 


OF MBa DBLANT- ^ 13 

aad Sir Bobert. I almost had forgot to thank you for 
delivering my letter to Mr. Hook; I had an answer 
from him, and I dropt there, for fear my letters might 
prove as bad a persecution to him as an easterly wind. 
I was charmed with the life you lead at Holt, and 
what pleased me most in it was the sympathy there 
was between your way of spending your time and ours 
at Calwich, where we enjoyed every rural delight. I am 
unpatient to be acquainted with Miss Birch — my sister 
must bring that about as soon as she comes to town. 
She stays with my mother till spring, but I hope you will 
pave the way for me, and if that ingenious lady is so 
happy as to be with you now, assure her of the great 
desire I have of being introduced to her. There is no 
end of my prating to you, my dear lady Throck.! When 
shall we meet ? Is London so detestable and so miserable 
as never to receive your footsteps ? Wherever you are, 
depend upon the affectionate wishes of y. 

Your most faithful ^C^y 

M. Pendarves. 

Mrs* Pendarves to Mrs, Ann Oranville, 

BuUtrode, 12 Dqc, 1738. 

I think you idle folks at Gloucester that have nothing 
to do but to go to church and to assemblies, might compose 
a romance, and lay the principal scene at Bulstrode. I 
rejoice at your coming off so well after your raking ; since 
it agreed with you, I advise a repetition. I own if 
dancing was added to our entertainments here I should 
be glad, but we are not numerous enough I The 
character you give me of the Inferencer has raised my 


esteem of him ; I winh he coald meet with friends tiiiat 
would be of real use to him, but 8o singular a way of 
thinking in an attorney will hardly prove a profitable one* 
My mama is mry kind in inviting Mrs. Elstob.^ I 
almost fancy she will not accept of it, because of having 
been there in a disguised way ; the Duchess has now 
a thousand fears, least my Lord and Lady Oxford should 
have any objections against taking her, but I hope they 
will all prove false ; she can't very conveniently take her 
till next summer, that she comes to Bulstrode (that will 
be about six months hence), because in town they have 
not at present any convenient room for her. Mrs. 
Elstob seems, out of modesty and diffidence of herself, to 
decline coming, but it would be most imprudent for her 
to refuse such an oiTer, when no fatigue will be imposed 
upon her, but all imaginable care will be taken of her. 
I own I long to have you see /ler, that I may really 
know what sort of woman she is. My Lord Oxford 
objects to her not speaking French, but the Duchess 
answers she shall have a master for that, or a maid to 
talk, and all she requires and hopes of Mrs. Elstob is 
to instruct her cliildren in the principles of reUgion and 
virtue, to teach them to speak, read, and understand 
English well, to cultivate their minds as far as their capa- 
city will allow, and to keep them company in the house. 

' ** After the (decease of Queen Caroline Mrs. Elstob was again brought into 
difficuUies, and though mistress of eufht lanffuagts besides her own, was obliged 
to seek for emplo>'meut as a preceptress of children ; but she might 
bo con8i<lere<l as liaving been very fortunate in the situation which she 
obtained in this caiiocity, as in 1739 she was taken into the family of the 
Duchess of Portland, where she continued till her death, which happened 
on May 30, 1756, when she was buried at St. Marj;arelX Wi-stminster."— 
Biographia Britannica. 


and when her strength and health will permit to take the 
^ with them. All this surely she is well qualified to do, 
aad it would be a sincere joy to me to have our worthy 
Duchess possest of so valuable a person ; but don't speak 
of her coming here till 'tis more confirmed. 

I made your compliments in your own words at break- 
&8t yesterday morning, every one was pleased with your 
oUiging compliments, and volleys have been shot off 
in return this afternoon, when I said I was coming to my 
room to write to you. This morning I had a letter from 
Sally, who is quite dispirited at her disappointment of 
not spending the Xtmas holidays ; I think it would have 
been cruel to let her, though she was hardy enough to 
venture ; but she has now turned her thoughts another 
way, and perplexed me extremely — she proposes to me 
coming to spend a week with me at Bulstrode, to intro- 
duce her to the Duchess ! Alas ! how wild is imagina- 
tion when let loose, and not trimmed by a little knowledge 
of the world? She has worked herself up to a belief 
that it vuzi/ be done easily, and is so eager, that if I did i l^ 
not know she always judges kindly of our actions, I 
should fear the refusing her would make an eternal breach. 
1 have written her plainly the impossibility of putting such 
a scheme in practice, and hope she will be convinced of ; 
her error without taking anytliing ill of me, for surely 
I always mean her well ! You know from the Duchess 
and our cousins of my having been at Old Windsor. 


From Mrs. El^tob to Mrs Ann Granville^ in Gloucester, 

Bath, Dec 14, 1738. 

Dkar Madam, 

The favour of your most charming letter I re- 
ceived with the greatest joy and pleasure imaginable, 
It gives me both courage and assurance to address myself 
to you, as you there command me, with the freedom of 
an old friend. I wish you don't repent your obliging 
invitation to a correspondence, for though I am not one of 
the greatest talkers in the world, I am an everlasting 
scribbler ; a proof of this truth you will have when I tell 
you, that I have written two long letters to your excel- 
lent sister, Mrs. Pendarves, since Thursday last, on 
which day I received one from her, wliich so transported 
me with admiration of her goodness towards me, that 1 
verily think for some time I was hardly sensible, nor am 
I yet able to express myself as I ought upon the subject 
of it, and fear I nevershall. Though I am commanded 
to reveal it to nobody, I believe I may be certain she 
will not take it ill if I communicate it to you ; it 
was the honour of an offer from their Graces the Duke 
and Duchess of Portland to teach their children, with 
the promise of a generous allowance. The charming 
character Mrs. Pendarves gives me of those noble per- 
sons would not suffer me to think twice whether I 
should accept it, notwithstanding the true sense I have 
of my own unworthiness of so great an honour. 

I beg ten thousand pardons, dear madam, that I did 
not deliver your letter to Mrs. Bendon* with my own 
hand, but I was so extremely ill that I was not able to 

I Qiicry Bintluii ? 


go abroad ; my bad health and great weakness deprives 
me of the happiness of waiting on the worthy ladies I 
know in Bath. I have had the happiness of seeing Mrs. 
Bendon but once since I came ; and according to my 
weak judgment she answers the character you give her. 
I have seen Lady Cocks twice, the first time she sent 
for me to wait on Lady Codrington ; her Ladyship was 
then very ill with a cold she had got coming to Bath. 
Since that she invited me to dine with her : she then 
seemed pretty cheerful; our conversation was upon in- 
different things, which is certainly best for persons in- 
clined to melancholy. My obligations to Dr. Oliver are 
very great, which increases the vast number upon me of 
yours and Mrs. Pendarves's. I think it is now high time to 
take my leave, and to assure you that I am, with the 
highest value and esteem for the worthy Mrs. Granville 

and yourself,* 

Dear madam, 

Your most gratefiil and affectionate 

Humble servant, 

Elizabeth Elstob. 

Mm, Pemlarvea to Mrs, Ann Granville,, at Gloucester, 

Bulstroile, Dec. 22, 1738. 

Though the bright celestial sun has put on all his 
charms, and adorned mth sword and belt, shines with the 
utmost splendor, and as I passed by the window of 

* It is evident from the above letter to Ann Granville that she had made 
the personal acquaintance of Mrs. Elstoh some time before, and, therefore, 
tliat the words of Mrs. Pendarvcs, expressing her desire that her sister shonld 
"«% W," must have meant at her mother's house, that she mi^iht the better 
i»^ge of her character, before she went to the Duchess of Portland. 

VOL. II. . C 


assignation twinkled upon me to call me to a conference, 
I resist all his allurements ! I have your last dear letters 
now before me. I turn over another leaf, another^ another 
and another I I would indeed be your chief delight, 
but not your only one, and you add to my ovm partieolar 
happiness by making that of so many agreeable friends 
that know how to value you. I hope my poor Fo. has had 
my letter ; I grieve for all her sorrows. Our queen of a 
Duchess truly loves you^ and admires your letters 
excessively ; she was in raptures with that she received 
last post, the Elstobian affair is quite fixed, and she 
expressed the utmost satisjtction at having secured such 
a worthy woman to educate her children ; I wrote last 
post to Mrs. Elstob to tell her the Duchess looked on 
her as engaged to her, and that her salary should begin 
on Xtmas Day next, though she could not conve- 
niently take her into her family till Midsummer; I 
hope she >vill write to the Duchess, and suppose she will 
of course ; I gave her a little hint, but would not have 
it mentioned that I did. I agree with you in what you 
say about our cousins ; but you and I have often agreed, 
though we have a perfect reliance on Providence, that we 
are to make use of all reasonable methods for our advance- 
ment, and, as far as our short-sightedness will allow, to 
provide against the common accidents of life. I think 
your advise to Mrs. Elstob quite right about paying 
debts ; a person of such principles as hers cannot enjoy 
any advantages without doing that justice when it is in 
her power to do it. 

I wish prosperity to the convocation ; may it meet 
weekly and produce much edification, not only to the 
j)resent members but to the absent one, who hopes to 

OF Mies. DELANV. lit 

reap much fruit at a ditituucu t'rum itn ingenious and 
Mftrightltf conftreme^. Yon diverted me extruauily wjtli 
tiie discretion of tlie Millor, 1 have a bttle uf tlu- fairy 
dispoeitiou, mid like to have my favourii cuuccaled. I 
tbiak your plot arjaimt CiuadriUe a good one, but 
tllouiiester ib not worthy, nor are pRoplc who only 
hvis tiiiappimr .nose a foniicd to receive such cutur- 
tdiniiieitt, 'twould be (ssviug tbcir preijcuce) " throwing 
pearl befurt! swine :" but il' you would cvmjnU: a jounuil 
in tla* dressing-room, and call in to yuur ansiiituncH 
_the intV-rencer and his coiKiin elect, Uiere arn soufct 
at HulxLrudt; could ruliKli sucli an ouiertainment. 

I missed tlitf occnltiition of Aldeiiaran luid the moon ; 
the nights have been so cold of late, and Mr. Acluud so 
trnuitiug that I have not peeped much at the heavenly 
Wtljes, but I have had two or three lectures of cok- 
mography in the library. This morning, as my master 
and i were draiviiif^ and examining circles, who should 
opme in but Mr. Kubi'rt Harley ; I bliish<?d and looked 
excessive silly to be caught in the fact, but the affair, 
wbieh I have endeayvoured to keep secret, is dis- 
eoTjered, ,and I must bear the reflection of th'^se who 
ttiink me very presuming in attcmptiny to le icise. 
I am much obliged to my master; he takes a great 
deal of pains with me, and has a clear way of imjtructiQg 
me. I shall never aim at talking upon subjects of that 
kind, but the httle I may gain by these lectures will 
make me take more pleasure in hearing others talk. 

I am sorry for my Lady Cox, and lament the want 
of judgment in a woman of such excellent virtues ; 
but a warm heart, with excess of good nature, will lead 
people into error witliout a proper resolution and very 



discenwu/ jiulgnient to keep the balance even. You for- 
got in your last to enclose Mrs, Elstob's letter, though 
you said you had. 

Yesterday morning, at breakfast, the Duchess said she 
had " had a charming hotter from her dear Pip." " I*ip/* 
says Lord Dup. " must write long letters, she has such A 
flow of spirits and of wit tliat if it were not for frequent 
explosions, they would prey upon and destroy her con- 
stitution ; she is by much the most spirituelle creature 
I ever met with. I shall never forget the last conversa- 
tion we had: why does not she come to town? She 
must !" He ran on saying much more than I can 
remember. At dinner to-day Mrs. Pipkin's health was 
drank to Cousin Pots^ and all the young Pipperkins, 
which made the youth blush abundantly. Lord Oxford 
came here last Tuesday, and brought with him a pretty 
kind of man (Mr. Robert Harley") : his manner sensible 
and agreeable, his person something like my Lord 
Foley, but the Duchess won't allow that he is better. 
Lord Oxford and I talked of books and pictures. 

Pray tell me if you recollect the name of the ruins I 
sketched in my book, and who the place belonged to ? I 
took care of all your letters. The King has given Lady 
Bateman^ lodgings in Windsor Castle, which will be 
great joy to Miss Granville, for they are very intimate. 

* CuUKiii Tots. Query Lord Dupplin. 

- " Mr, Tiofhrt Harh^f,** son of K<l\vanl Harley of Eywood, firat cousin of 
Kilwanl, 2ml Karl of Oxford, and brother to E<hvanl, 3ril Kail of Oxford. 

• Sir Janics Ratcmaii was M.P. for Ilchcstor in 1712; in 1717 he VM 
li«)rd Miiyor of Tx)udon ; in 1718 he was Governor of tho South Sea Company, 
and in the s-ime year he diiHl. His wife was Anne, d.aui;htor and co-heir of 
.h»hn S^Mrlc, K<«j., (»f Kinrhlry. Their 8<^n William was crealtHl a ViscoUDt 
iti 172.'>, aitd marr'«*«l I.ii«ly Anne SpiMicer, eidi*st dau«»htor, hy the second 


Donnellan talis of getting to IJath hy February i I 
own her verj- ill state of health ^uite dampK tin* joy'of 
seeing her ; she bids me tell yoii she tates yon int^ Lcr 
H^eiiie there and in all her healthy designs. She writes 
me a short letter, and says even that's a pain to lier to write. 
Adieu, my dearest sister; ray affectionate duty to my 
mother, kind service to all friends. 

s\tis. PeaJai-mt & Mn, Amt OfanviSe, lU Glaui^iier, 

Two of your letters aro spread before me ; but how 
well I shall discharge the debt I cannot guess, for my 
kird Osford has lent me some enrious drawings of Stone- 
Itftge to copy, that if I don't finish by Monday next, 1 
sbuU never more get possession of They have employed 
aie two moTQings, and will two murniiigs more, so that 
my writing-bour is drove down to the evening. Well, I 
must drink coffee at five, and play with the little jewels — 
it is the ceremony of the house : then says the Duchess, 
" Don't go. Penny, till I have net one row in my cherry 
net," which , proves a hundred meshes, then comes some 
prater, asks her Grace a question ; the arm suspended in 
the air^foi^ets its occupation; she answers, and asks 
Bome other question in return — ten to one but a laugh is 
hatched, and once in a quarter of an hour the netting- 
work is remembered ! With patience I await her solemn 
motions, and by half-an-hour after sis we are in the 
dressing-room, armed with pen and ink, and the fair 

marriage, of Chnrlcs, 3rJ Earl of fiiinderkiid, Tho dutc of ilnntli of IjiJy 
B»teiDan is n»t given, uot thoilatcof the Viscount's niHrriaycjbul one orotbLr 
of these ladira imuf have had the ruome at WiDibwr, ]irolub1y tli« latter. 


field prepared to receive the attack. Then comes Lady 
Elizabeth, Lady Harriot, and the noble Marquis ; after 
half an hour's jumping, they are dismissed, and we 
soberly say, '' Now we will WTite our letters/' In comes 
the Duke, " the tea stays for the ladies r well, we must 
1 go, for there's no living at Bulstrode without four meals 
a-day ; then when the beaux esprits are met, the 
fumes of inspiring tea begin to operate, 'till eight of the 
clock strikes ; then we start up, nm away, and here I 
am, brimful of a thousand things to say to you, but 
have no time to write them, and that you know is a sad 
case. You and I perfectly agree in what you say of Sir 
John Stanley and my brother. 

We leave Bulstrode next Saturday se'night ; I shall sigh 
when I turn my back upon it, for I have passed my time 
as happily as it is possible for me in your absence. 'Tis 
not to be told how many pretty engaging ways our dear 
friend has to gain the love and admiration of those she 
honours with her friendship, and this you well know, but 
I love to repeat it. 

I am seriously alarmed about the panics you take in 
the Prelate's company : " aicd bt/ a thou^'^nd tender 
fears J tell me — tell me^ my hearty if this he loveT* Ah, 
ma chore ! what, caught in a purple rope ? but I would 
not have you despair ; I will give a hint to Lord Ihip. 
to speak a favourable word for you, if his political con- 
versations will allow him to talk of anj-tliing but Par- 
liamentary affairs, etc. I will give him to understand 
that you arc an excellent housewife, can raise paste, feed 
]K)ultry, keep accounts, and talk very prettily to the 
young parsons, that you will indulge j'our Lord in his 
ways, and with a gentle sway pursue your ofcn ! 


JMjiu*h iQpie I.liad to say, but the Duchess is so pro- 
ToUnglj: idtiiy> and piy Lo^y Waw seconds the motion 
90, stponglj, with the help of her fingers tickling 
piQ. whetrerer she can catch me, that I can scrawl no 
moro. ^fueweU ; and if my letter is uninteUigible and 
Miab, 'tis owing to mymad companions, who have 
Bfiade.fiiuch confqsibn in my brain. I can think dis- 
Iwcstiy . but in one particular, and that is, that in all my 
hiiinouis* whether grave or merry, I am, 
•r. With the most tender and constant affection, 

^Lady Waw may look as pretty as she pleases, and say 
as many civil things as words can express ; I won't tell 
J09 a ti^e in her favour to-night. 


. Mrtm Pendarves to Mrs, Ann QranviUe, 

9th January, 1738-9. 

I am arrived at the land of hurry and impertinence, 
and have left the gentle delights of Bulstrode ; much I 
lament the change, though I have had the great plea- 
sure of finding all our good friends in very good health 
and glad to see me. 

We set out from Bulstrode at eleven, and were in town 
by half an hour after two, over hills of snow and heaps 
of ice ; but our horses flew as if each had been a Pegasus 
— ^four coaches and six, with twelve horsemen attending, 
besides apothecaries, bakers, butchers, that joined in the 
procession to escort us part of tlic way. The Duchess 
of Portland and all her train are very well after their 

Yesterday I dined with Sir John Stanley ; he looks 


and is very well : he sajs he was deterjnined to use me 
very ill, but he has not kept to his resolution. He has 
given me an excessively pretty English pebble bottle with 
a gold top, which is an absolute beauty, and has put into 
my hands for you two black and gold japan cups and 
saucers, which I am sure you will like. Yesterday, in the 
afternoon, I went to my Lady Sunderland: she looks 
charminly, though she has had a bad cold, attended by a 
sore throat. Miss Sutton is very tall — is thin, but grows 
more and more agreeable : she asked after all her friends 
at Gloucester, and wishes to see you in town soon. I staid 
with the Countess till nearly twelve : the Dragon was 
abroad; all the boys are at home, so there is noise 
enough you may believe. I called yesterday morning 
on Lady Sarah Cowper, she was so ill vdth a violent 
headache, she could hardly speak. Your letter to my 
brother has given me a little comfort on -Mrs. Dun- 
comb's account ; I have been very much grieved about 
her, but hope she will now soon get the better of her 

To-day I dine at my brother's, and come home 
in the afternoon to see folks. To-morrow I go to hear 
Mr. Handel's oratorio rehearsed, and in the afternoon 
am to have our amiable Duchess snug to myself; for 
though we passed so many weeks together, she and I 
had but one tcte-i-tete the whole time, for Lady W. is 
a sort of an idle body^ and never retired to her jvotn for 
one moment, for slie drest as soon as she was up — so 
she had no call from us. On ITiursday I am to go to 
Lady North's,^ juid Friday stay at home for Mrs. Car)', 

* FrancU Lonl North, tnarried, Sfcoudly, in 17d(>,, VLiooiuitcss 
IXjwagtr uf Lewiiihaxu, daugbtcr of bir Arthur K«ye. 

^ f ■>" OP MItS. UKI.ANY. as 

Lady Wallingford, arid anrbfKiy that <x>nips. — Tlvus is 
lay lime cut out tcir this week ; and now it is timo for 
ne to thauk my dearest aiflter for lier most spriglitly 
letter, with Biiiikin's oiiclosed. wUicli diverted ine ex- 
tremely. Mrs. Deiahay and a thousand Mrs. Fiddle- 
faddles to plague me. Three gowM have I tri«I on ; 
yesterday I bespoke a hoop jwfticoat, of tlio exact 
dimensions of my old one ; the fiishionable hoopn are 
made of tlie richest damask, trimmed witli pild and 
sUtw, fonrteen guineoB a houp. Would you have mc 
bespeak you such a one against you come ? 

Last night I received a verj- eutertaiuing letter, and 
some excellent verses from the Miller of Mansfield. The 
prose I niil answer as soon as I can lind time (a most 
precious and rare thing). Poor Mrs. Greville! 1 shall 
pejoice to hear of her having finished her painfiil task. 
The newspapers, I suppose, informed you of the unhappy 
end of one of the Duchess of Portland's maids, who wsis 
tkrown ont of the waggon;' the wheels ran over her, 
Mid she lived three hours in exquisite misery: this 
melancholy accident damped all oar spirits extremely. 
Bonny ia gone this morning to Whitehall ; he looks 
very well, bot is rather fatter ; he desired me to make 
\aB compHments and exease for not writing. Young 
Monck is in town, and the Jinest of beaux ; I asked him 
if he heard that Miss Usher was going to be married ? 
He said, " No ;" I wish your news of her may be true. 
I believe Donnellan will be iu England in a month, and 

' Daui Swift, when a. young man, UBeJ to travel by a stage-waggon from 
Miwr Park into Jjuicestersliirc to aee. his mother. Some of the " flying 
waggons" of tha iuid<)li; of tlio eigliteeoth century vied with each other in 
KtxiumodatiuDti for x>aii»eiigiirii. 



I hope you will give her the meeting : my brother and 
I have contrived that between our two houses we shaU 
accomodate you both very cleverly; you and I aie 
one, Phil may have George's room, and two of our 
maids may lie at my brother's. I own I have but 
little joy at the thought of seing poor Don, for were 
she not in a very bad way she would not take suoh a 
voyage and journey at this time of the year. 

I must entreat you to make my excuse to Mrs. Viney 
and her daughters. I am ashamed of not having an- 
swered their kind letters, but will soon make my own 
^po^Pgy- My very kind wishes attend her and hers. 

Mrs, Pcndiirves to Mrs. Ann (Jranville, 

Brook Street, 23 Jan. 1738-9. 

I have gone through infinite vanity and bustle since 
my last visit to you, but shall think my toils well recom- 
pensed, if I can draw any entertainment out of them for 
you. I wrote to you last Thursday ; dined that day at 
Sir John Stanley's, came home to receive our cousins, 
(three of the Carteret race,) and went afterwards to Lady 
Strafford's * with Lady Wallingford,* who I am sure will 
be extremely pleased with your letter. Lady Straff's, you 

' Anne, sole daughter and heir of Sir Henry Johnnon, married, on Sept. 
6, 1711, Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford. The Earl died in November, 

« Lord Vi«coiint Wallinj?ford, M.P. for Banbury, died in June, 17'10. Lady 
Walliugford is said by Walpole to bo the daughter of John Law, the 
speculator, and Lady Catherine, his wife. In 1783 he speaks of seeing her 
frequently at the Duchess of Montrose's, and mentions that *' she has by no 
moans a look of the age to which she had arrived."^ John Law, the Mississippi 
I projector, married Catherine, daughter of Nicholas KnoUes, Earl of Banbuxy, 


know, is but a muzzy place ; I met nothing to chatter 
with that gave me any pleasure, except our sprightly 
Duchess, who came in just as I was going away with 
Lady Lucy Manners ^ frotn the play. 

Friday was appointed for our meeting Lord Oxford at 
Mr. Virtue's the engraver s,^ where I saw nothing extra- 
ordinary, but an old picture which belongs to my Lord 
Digby 's family, of Queen Elizabeth being carried under a 
canopy of state in honour of Lord Hunsdon's marriage 

with a Lady Mary 's daughter. There are six men 

of quality that carry the Queen, and Knights of the GJarter 
attending the bride, her mother and sisters all on foot ; 
all the figures are supposed to be portraits, but none are 
known now but Lord Hunsdon's, Lord Burleigh's, and 
Lord Leicester's. Virtue is copying it in miniature for 
my Lord Oxford, I dined that day at Whitehall, and came 
home to Mr. Hambden, who was to introduce his two 
nieces. Lady Catherine Hanmer spent the whole after- 
noon with me ; Misses Kempthorns seem to be modest, 
well-behaved young women, nothing remarkable in their 
persons, handsome or otherwise, which is all I can judge 
from a first visit. After much persuasion and many 
debates within myself, I consented to go with Lady 
Dysart to the Prince's birthday, humbly drest in my 

anfl had a son, John, who <lie<l at Maestricht in 1734 ; and a (lanj];htcr, married 
t<-» William, Visconnt Wallingford, who die«l in 1790, aged 80. John I^aw 
died at Venice in 1729. 

^ I>ady Lucy Manners, vfunsK st dau;zhter of John, 2nd Duke of Ihitland, 
hy his second wife, I^ncy, danirliter of Bennel, Baron Slierard. She married, in 
1742, William, 2nd Duke of Montrose. 

^ Gcori^ Vcrtue, the eminent enc^raver and antiquary, horn in London, in 
16.^4. Uo was patronized hy tlie Earl of Oxford and Sir Godfrey Knellcr, and 
^^i\ rose into note. The works of Vertno aro numerous, and vahiahle on 
account of their accuracy, thouj;h sometimes deficient in spirit. 



pink damask, white and gold handkerchief, plain green 
ribbon, and Lady Sunderland's buckles for my stays.* I 
was a good foil for those that were there. I never saw 
so much finery without any mixture of trumpery in my 
life. Lady Huntingdon's,^ as the most extraordinarj^, 
I must desciibe first : — her petticoat was black velvet 
embroidered with chenille, the pattern a large stone vase 
filled with ramping jiowevH that spread almost over a 
breadth of the petticoat from the bottom to the top; 
between each vase of flowers was a pattern of gold shells, 
and foliage embossed and most heavily rich ; the gown 
was white satin embroidered also with chenille mixt with 
gold ornaments, no ixises on the sleeve, but two or three 
on the tail ; it was a most laboured piece of finery, the 
pattern much properer for a stucco staircase than the 
apparel of a lady, — a mere shadow that tottered under 
! every step she took under the load. The next fine lady 
I was Mrs. Spencer ; her clothes, green paduasoy covered 
! all over, the gown as well as petticoat, with a very fine 
. and very pretty trimming ; it was weU made ; she looked 
j genteel and easy, and had all the dowager Duchess of M/s 
jewels, which made her look quite magnificent. Lady 

^ ** Aly stays,"" Strai>8 from the gown, the stays were white silk ooveped 
with a laciu*:; through which a handkerchief was passed. 

* Theojihilus, Earl of Huntingdon, married June 3, 1728, Lady Sdina 
Shirley, second dau:j(hter of Washington Karl Ferrers, celebrated after the 
EarPs decease (which took i)lacc in 174G) by the leading part slie took 
in religious matters. Availing herself of her privilege as a )xx*res8, she 
nominated cliaplains, and had services performed wherever she wai ; one of 
her chaplains was Whitfield. She built chai)els in various places, which are 
still calleti by her name, and, after the death of Whitfield, his followers were 
called **Lady JfunHngdoiii's people." Sheespouse^l the priBd(>lcb of the Cal- 
vinistic Methodists, and founded the College of Trevecca iji South W^ales, 
Ladv Huntingdon died 1791. 

Bysart v.'^s white gold, au<I louki'd a» iurndtnome as 
erer I saw her ; Miss Carteret in an uncut lilue velvet, 
!tnd all my Lady Carteret's jewels ; Lady Carteret in 
the same clothes she roado for tb(! Prince's wedding, 
white and gold and colours ; the Princpss wa-s in white 
satin, the petticoat covered with a gold trimming like 
embroidery, faced and robed with the same. Her head 
and stomacher a rock of diamonds and pearls ; her locks 
pleased me better than her dress ; there appejired in 
them such strong marks ofcuntentment and good-humour. 
Khe epoke fo evei-ylotly, and so did the Prince. Ill© 
ball began at eight ; I never saw a ball at Court well 
managed before. The Prince and Princess sat under thd 
State, their attendants on stools on the right and lefE 
liand; benches were placed for the rest of the company, 
the first row of which was kept for the dancers. The best . 
dancers were Lady Catherine Btanmer, Lady Dysart, and 
Miss Wyndham ; nothing extraordinary among the men ; 
much finery, chiefly brown with gold or silver embroidery, 
and rich waistcoats. Lord Carteret wa-s there morning 
and night. 

Tis now strongly reported that there is going to be a 
reconciliation between the King and Prince, but the 
truth of that is doubted. Lord Townshend has thrown 
np, nobody kriowa why. The Prince began the ball 
with the Duchess of Bedford ; after one minuet he sat 
down. When two country -dances were over the Princess 
went to quadrdle with Lady Archibald Hamilton, Lady 
Westmoreland, and Lady Chesterfield ; the Prince in 
another room to whisk with Lord Baltimore, Lady 
Blandford, and Lady Carteret, At half an hour after eleven 
the Prince and Princess gave over cards and went away. 


The dancing broke up at the same time, and all the 
company I believe was gone by half an hour after twelve ; 
whidi I think was very orderly, considering how many 
people there were to get at their equipages. I got home 
a little after twelve, eat my supper, told George* all I 
had seen, was in bed soon after one, and slept happily for I 
'^ dreamt of you, and next morning, was up and ready to 
receive my Lord Dupplin and Mr. Wotton, who came 
to breakfast with me ; talked much of my favourite art, — 
Mr. Wotton encourages me to go on. Went to church at 
eleven ; your humble servant Mr. Stilhngfleet, I believe is 
chaplain to the Bishop of Durham ; he comes constantly 
to church witli him and sits in liis seat. Should I not ask 
liim to come and see me ? Mr. Harbin and my brother 
eat part of the Glocester chine ; a thousand tlianks for it. 

Mis. Ptndarves to Mrs. Ann OranviUe, 

27th January, 1788-9. 

I was yesterday at dinner at Lord Oxford's whien 
I received your last letter, which, with the permis- 
mission of the company, I skimmed over to satisfy my- 
self of your health: at my return home I indulged 
myself with a more particular perusal, and dwelt upon 
each line with true deliglit. The enclosed letter I sent 
this morning by Jo to Mr. Hooker's for my chairs ac- 
cording to your advise ; I would have sent a porter, 
but Jo begged he might go to see the town. He 

* George was a waiting woman, and very i)rol)ably a j^ciitlewoman, as was 
very ctnninon in tliose days, wlicn the tlin^htcra of cUT^mcn or decayi*<I 
geutleiuen becauic ** waiting tcainai,'^a, tcnn now lost in that of ** lady's niai<l." 

ao OK MK3. DELAim 3^^,5 n 

behaves vtrj- well, and is thus IJir tho bsHt Kervaut I ever 

To retom to Mr. N.'s manuscript. I lluiik it worthy 
of the aathor, and hope it will answer the goud design 
it was wrote with, but alas, those thiit will read it with 
attention and approbation are those that doiit want it I I 
will speak to the Dochese to take the paper ; I ahituld 
be very glad Mr. Newton met with any encourajjferaent 
or advantage, as I have a verj' just opinion of hia wortli. 
I am delighted that my mother approves so well of 
the Irish tlax ; I will send the pattern of thread to Mjib, 
Uoimellau, but it seems to be so strong, I can't think 
it is too fine, it will be a work when finished more 
precious than tliat Arachne wove when she enraged Pallas 
by her excelling ! I lost one cold at Lady Stratford's, and 
can^i another laat Wednraday at Norfolk House, which 
nukes me oough, but not bad. I really was glad to hear 
of poor Mrs. Greville's death, I never could think of 
her alive and in misery without pain. 

"When I see the Duchess of Portland I shall have 
Sally's historical epistle. I rejoice to hear she is alive. I 
wroto to her a huge folio just before I letl Eulstrode, and 
she has not so much as afforded me a small duodecimo in 
return ! I abouid be glad to see any of Mrs. Elstob's 
works, and will enquire after the translation you mention. 
I shall be glad when she is safe with you at Gloucester. 
I gave 3'ou an account in my last of Lady Sun.'s 
kindness to Mr. Gwinnet, she begged her name might 
not be mentioned. 
How shall I return the money to you ? 
Mrs. Cocks is still with Lady Mary Colley, sometimes 
scolding, sometimes friends ; they rub on pretty weU. 


She is unhealthy, which is what Lady Mary oomplains 
of. I fully designed writing to-day to Mrs. Viney, but 
this letter will be as much as I can possibly compass 
this morning, for I dine at the Squire's, am to meet 
the Westcomb's, every moment expect Goupy, and 
in the afternoon meet Lady Sarah Cowper at Mrs. 
Claverin's. The Duchess of Marlborough was brought to 
bed yesterday at eleven o'clock of a son,* a great joy ! 

Lady Anne Lumley * one of Princess Amelia's ladies, 
is to be married to Mr. FrankljTi; she asked leave 
yesterday. She is well pleased too I believe, for her 
charms are in their decline, and Mr. Franklyn is a very 
good match for her. 

Next Monday, at the Thatched House* in St. James's 
fitreet, there is to be an assembly — dancing and cards. 
Lady Egmont * presides : she has ask'd my brother to be 
of the party ; men you know, especially unmarried, toe, 
valuable commoditys. I am not to be there, nor do I 
know who is besides, nor upon what occasion this grand 
affair is set on foot, but I believe it is some charity busi- 
ness. I hope you have got Swift's poem safe — I long 
to know how you like it. Mr. Nugent,* that married 
Mrs. Knight, has lately wrote two odes, one to Mr. 
Pulteney on his changing his religion ; they are much 

> Oeorjic, after wanls Snl Duke of Marlboroujjli. 

' La«ly Anne f.umley, thin! danghtor of Bichani, Ist Earl of Scafborcmgh, 
marricfl, in February 1739, Frederc Frankland, Efi<i , M.P. for Tliinik. Lady 
Anne dietl in Febniary, 1740. 

* The 'l*hatcliod House, St. Jameses Street, stood originally on the aite of 
the present Coiuiervative Club. 

* Catlierine, wife of the Ut Karl of Ejimont. 

* Mr. Nugent, afterwanl« Karl Nugent, wrote several poems, and an wle 
" ui>on his own conversion from j oiH?r}-." 


commended, but tlioiig'ht t^>o fiiii- *o l)t> the production 
of the persou naminl tu be tin; iiutlior. 

TUe Duchess of Portland, Dash, and the Duke drauk 
tea and picktsl shells for me list ThursiUy. Yesterday 
1 dined at Lord Oxford's ; we went at twolvt- to look over 
yrints of HoHar, and drawings from antiqaities and 
reiiquca at Rome. ITicrc* remains so niucli more to see, 
Llat we are to go iW-vn next FriJiiy a,t niuc o'clock 
in the morning to finish. 

Mrx. P^ndnn"': I- 

liu-ry (iiiililndfl, IT3P). 

Ijady Betty is ratlier too young, b?ing but thnie years 
'lU, to have a prt-eeptor, but a-* Mn. Elstob bn.s no 
"ettlpd home to go to, 1 iliire say tlic Puchoss will con- 
*Dt to take her before tlie time of her being wanted. I 
iiuicli fear her being in so bad a state of health will 
make her incapable of application, but being settled 
ifl i good family where she will have no cares, may be 
more beneficial to her than the skill of alt the physicians. 
I desire you will make my particular compliments to 
Mrs. Viney ; it was a sincere concern to nie to leave her 
with her afiUrs in so perplexed a way, and heartily wish 
W better success. Remember me kindly to her pretty 
children and all friends. George calls to me, " Madam, 
remember to tell Miss Granville, Dapper killed a hare 
yesterday in the garden." She begs lier humble duty, 
and is thoroughly sensible of all your favours. Adieu till 
after brcs^ast. 



The following story I picked up at the tea-table, and 
hope I shall be beforehand with the Gloucester journal :— 

A lady came into Birmingham with a handsome equi- 
])age, and '' desired the landlord of the inn to get her a 
husband, being determined to marry somebody or other 
before she left the town." The man bowed, and mpposed 
her ladyship to be in a facetious humour, bat being 
made sensible how much she was in earnest, be went 
out in search of a man that would many a fine lady 
without asking questions ! After many repulses from 
poor follows who were not desperate enough for such a 
venture, he met with an exciseman, who said he ** eovid 
tvot he in a worse condition than he teas/' and accordingly 
went with the innkeeper, and made a tender of himselfi 
which was all he had to bestow on the lady, who im- 
mediately went with him to one who gave them a 
license, and made them man and wife, on which the bride 
gave her spouse two hundred jyounds, and without moM 
delay left the town and the bridegroom to find out who 
she was or unriddle this strange adventure. Soon afker 
she was gone, two gentlemen came into the town in fnft 
pursuit of her : they had traced her so far upon the road, 
and finding the inn where she had put up, they examined 
into all the particulars of her conduct, and on hearing 
she tr/h't married gave over their pursuit, and returned 
back ! perhaps our little Yorkshire Tanner may in 
time furnish us with as good a story? 'Tis supposed 
the young lady in a desperate fit, for fear of being mar- 
ried where she did not like, chose this unaccountable 
way of preventing it. Don't think that though I have 
wrote 3'ou so long a letter, my eye has suffered from 
it, for it fiels perfectly easy, and if I had time I could 

! OF MBft. IHCLANT. 35 

vitbooli HI J prgndioe to it add another page, bniaa 
IgtfcaKig jif ? a iTWiinutUe length I will now xetiie, though 
tiumghii:riite[ on. thought and urges me to indulge myself. 
^> Idii^^al. 18 eontmually engaging me hj the oUigisig 
things aha; 8aj«:o£ yon;, she improrea on acqnamtanoe^ 
iad:JjtTf;eJitla»:'8eBaS)]a» and modeai; my Lord is the 
ennteipart af Jack Lewaon the elder. The Buke of 
VSnrtiaBd ia>Yecy sorry not to be able to grant a soarT to 
oitn:aioi|aaiBtan€a<^hia are all fitted up^ and the first two 
tiasbffiHUrifaafM been prombed &e8e four years: when I 
^or'^o^iomii if.X can midce interest to get ane I will. 
Ibespohii iiK-pair of cn^ fingered ^oves of the man at 
Okmeatery send them directed to me here to be left at 
CtemiilfstCxossj and g^reme notice when they ara sent. 
Tfas diawingi may j>e rolled on a smooth stick and sttit 
at tbofisuBetiine; ha¥e yoa hesrd lately of Mrs. Wells? 
<* Icrhadt a iMxat to=4iay from Donnellan, she com- 
plains nrachy and says she is forbid writing, but as soon 
as her spirits will admit of it she will write to her dear 
namesake. I am glad Jack Yate behaved generously to 
the poor disconsolate widow. 
P.8. Wrote by LordBathurst in 1727— 

** Bothurrt reinem1)era wbat the Pmlmut siogs, 
Andjincbf Uiat priuces are Hie aous of kinys'^ 

Now answered that what 

*' Bathnrst forgets the Psalmist writ 
Wu$ strictly true, and once again is hitP 

' " Grant a scarf to our acqitaintance,** — This possibly might have aUnded 
toanap|4icftti<m for Mr. Cbapon to be appointed one of the Duke of Port- 
laad*s diaplaiDS. 

D 2 


Mrs, Pendarvet to Mrs, Ann OranviH'^ 

13th Feb. 1,738-9. 

I was at the oratorio last Saturday with Lady Py3art9 
and {oh wonderful) Lord Carteret : he mat with two 
patriot ladies that took up his attention more than the 
music, but it was triumph enough to get him there, and 
what will more increase your wonder, he treated his 
ladies with their tickets ! Lady Carteret is very muoh 
out of order with a feverish disorder, which has not yet 
intermitted enough to give the bark, but she has . been 
blooded and blistered ; she was something better yester- 
day ; Dr. HoUins attends her, and proposed giving her 
the bark last night. She holds up pretty well all day, 
but has very bad nights, though she does not keep her bed. 
I am indeed most heartily concerned for youramiaUe 
Princess; pray God preserve her from all pestilential 
disorders, and grant her health and years of peace and 

Your account of my dear mama has revived our spiritB. 
My brother was here this morning before eight, to Imow 
if I had had any account of her ? I hope all our entrea- 
ties will prevail on her to be very careful of herself — she 
cannot give us a stronger proof of her affection. I foi^t 
whether asses' milk used to agree with my mother ; <f it 
does, and she has any remains of a cough, I wish she 
would take it, *tis a sovereign remedy, and the greatest 
swcetncr of tlie blood in the world. Mrs. Secka^ 
imd Mrs. Talbot " have been to see me ; the reason that 
prevented their coming sooner was a melancholy at- 

* Sister of Bishop I^nson, and wife of the Archbishop of CSuterbory, 

* Mother of the well-knowD Cathcrino Talbot. 

tendance thej paid Mrs. Cocks/ my Lord Berkely's 
daughter, who m^ the t41ih day after she waa brought 

Mit^iM. ^b!^ hoUte^iAii iiuiiltore ijn the square aroio be 
«MEa dir^of hihd ;^ it feM'btieii Mff^oHed he id to have one 
#]fi»liB[^W^'dita^Mei^s attd SO'.OOO^., bit« I f^ 'tis not 
^Mte^ii^^ of a reibrmatloii is his 

^Hkuriyi^ ' soihe ^diser^t '■ woknan who niay, by her good 
%Mtoiifi <sfaiin ^l^'^Miei^iOtnt over hiin; My heart is 
^d^tSi^ Ms'i^isteM r he mt«M itXiegoe^ on in the train 
'Mis'^ ^islieiit 'be rdned, and they inentably erdshed 

^^i'^Bi« l^chiMrdfF^rtland^i^ coach came forme just aa I 

aMv^ all thier p^od ; Thatebden^ith her ever smce 

lie^rlEBf^df'iJie dock^ fotandher vety complaining with a 

'jikbk^%i}lii&t'l^^ c&ygk: she is better 

'<ltti''Uierfaoob,'ttnd! sftys a tfaodsand kind things of her 

^' tnd&fnparabk Pipkin'' and calls herself all to nought 

for having been so long in her debt. Dear little modest 

Dash is just come in, and blushes of the deepest dye 

adorn her cheeks for her omissions to you — they both 

swear their ** hands are guiltj//' but their ** hearts are free.'' 

I wish you could safely send me the antique shell nosegay ; 

I am going to fill a glass case with shell-flowers, and 

they may give me, as you say, some useful hints. 

As soon as I had dined I went to Masham Street to 
make a visit to Peg Isaacson and Miss Lawson — found 
them at home. I fancy by their manner of talking, Jack 

* "Died, in February, in childbed, the Hon. Mrs. CJocks, wife to Jamns 
Cocks, Esq., and daughter of the Rt. Hon. the Lord Berkeley, of Stratton." 
—Ijoiidon Magazine, 

' " Jjyrd WS — Lord Weymouth, who did not marry again. 


Lawson ( Wid") is goiiig to tie the noose again, but as 
there was company I thought it not so well to ask ques- 
tions. Adieu. Oil Lady Thtock. is brought to bed of a 
daughter, and is very well and had a good time; Sir 
Kobert confined to his bed with a bad cold ; Miss Birch 
wrote the Duchess word of it. 

Mrs, PcmiarviS to Mr%. Ann OiimvUle. 

Park Street, 17th Feb. 1738-9. 

I have no more time to ^vrite than whilst my brother 
dresses and the cloth is laid for dinner. I got up early 
this morning with a full intention of writing you a long 
letter, but every moment produced some interruption ; the 
last w^as Mrs. Lloyd's coming in to make me a visit, and 
Lady Dysart's calling me to go to the Painter's, from 
whence I am just returned. You are very good in giving 
me so constant an account of my mother ; did I not know 
your truth is to be depended on, I should be excessively 
uneasy about her, but you seem to assure me so sincerely 
of her being better that I believe you. Can't she take 
tuniip broth i if it is a little disagreeable at first a little 
use will make it tolerable ; / actually love it better than 
any soup, it is very good for a cough, and cured mine. 
I go to-night to the oratorio — no I mean to Alexander*^ 
Feast * — with Mrs. Carey. The post before last I received 
a letter from Sally, with an account of the Bishop of Glou- 
cester having said that her husband was an immoral man ; 
at which shejired, writes a long letter to the Bishop^and 

' Alexander's Feast was reprcsinited on the 17th and 2ith of Fvlmiary, 
1739. It waa first porfomifd on the i9th of February, 173C. Schlncbfr «J8 
of this work, Flverythin^ is sui^erb m that work, in which Handel onoe more 
d:!4[ilayed tlic sovereign (lower of his genius for choral combinations.** 

. 09 liJttk IMBUJfV. 99 

liegi'tDlKiKRir the a8pa«or9 of her huabaad's chastity ? The 
htAi&t >iwuuMt9 $o well, thiAI aevit it on to the Bishop, 
add huik Thwadaj inonuBg he eama and made me a visit, 
•tid fammght It letttv^ 01 answer to Mrs*. Chap., whidi he 
pM me tib ittd : it was goodnaatiured and mll^ cleanng 
himself of ever having said i such >a thing, ■<»!• so . much as 
ever having heard it mentioned. We had much discourse 
about them ; I would not teaze him on the old subject, 
but I said, I hoped if they staid till Midsummer, it 
would .be no offence : he said not, and that he *' should be 
glad to s^e them,"^ when it lay in his power. I spoke 
aboat'the Gwinnets, and find him much discontented 
about them. He says, they have a reasonable income, 
xt ihej were tolerable maniagets ; that Mr. G. has most 
sb^ef^^ neglected Hatherley, and he is glad the house 

Fat ^ ' " ■* ■ , ■ ■ . ■ J ^ ^ 1 

u irau^ ; I put in a word, or two to mollify matters. 

t)W 'dear, good generous Duchess has given me five 
gmneas for the poor Gwinnets, so I owe you ten on their 
account, which be pleased to draw on me for, when you 
think proper. 

I asked the Bishop how young Newton behaved, and 
what he thought of him ? He said, " if he had known as 
much of him when he first came to Gloucester he should not 
have left Oxford ; and spoke very handsomely and kindly of 
him, but that he had been told he viaintained his friends 
at the Priory, and that prevented his paying some money 
he ought to have done about Taunton. I answered for 
that being a mistake, and that he is so reasonable and 
80 sensible as £o listen to advice, and to reform anything 
in his behaviour the Bishop disapproved of: whatever 
he does, don't let him neglect obliging the Bishop, and 
to be cautious of the Dean and civil to him. 


I dined yesterday at Wliitehall, and so did my brother ; 
and Pip's health was most affectionately drank. The 
Duchess has had a very bad cold ; she has great remorse 
about not writing to you, but considering the number 
of affairs she has to manage I am amazed she does so 
much. I have not heard from Ireland these ten days m 
more ; their silence frightens me, for I believe pocw Don- 
nellan is in a very dangerous way. Lady Carteret is 
something better. My Lady Sunderland will be very 
glad of your campanula and vetch seed ; she and all hers 
are well. Dinner is now ready, and I must say udiea. 

MfB, I'efulitrvts to tite Jjuuiy Tlavckiiiorioiiy ai Wtstoii^ near Olney^ Buekt, 

24 Feb. 1738-9. .. 

I must congratulate my dear Lady Throckmorton on 
her having a daughter — if a son would have been more 
acceptable I wish you had not been disappointed ; but 
my joy on this occasion is, that you are well and past 
the dreadful hour; I was concerned to hear of Sir 
Robert's being ill, but hope he is quite recovered. All 
the world in these parte have suffered from violent colds ; 
our dear Duchess has had her share, but goes abroad again, 
and I hope will have no more confinement, for it does 
not sit very easy upon her active spirit. It is a groat 
satisfaction te me that you have your agreeable Mend 
Miss Birch with you, and though you have one friend that 
exceeds all others in your alTection — b, female friend^ who 
is tender, ingenious and entertaining, must be a greait 
comfort to you under your present situation; may J 
Hatter myself you have not ihrmcn me fty amongst rub- 
bish that is no more to be taken notice of? 1 made as 


manj excoses for you before you was brouglit to bed 
as you could wiisli to liave, cousiderud it. might be imeajjy 
to you to write, and grieved most truly for you when I 
heard how ill you had been, hut, I won't ])romi«e to go 
on in this indulgent way ; for i Iiavo considered yon Ion(f 
enoi^b, and ugw must take my owu JnttTCst iiito con- 
sideration. A letter I insiist u[K)n having hs soon a$ 
you can grant such a favour without liurting your hejid or 
eyes, though I woidd mthor liave you silent than that you 
shotild receive the least injury on my account ; when you 
write pr«y tell mc something about tlm little girl. I 
know how well you can talk as a friend, a daughter, 
and a wife; to compUh- your c/uiractn; I wish to hear 
you as a mother! My particular complimentB attend Sir 
Hobert Throek. and Miss Birch {for I can't lielp thlnk- 

jib«rt|[>dd ivDd iiihifc-*ii*erdyti— T'tii-ji,i;i, i- r,„r'r.r -■<■: 
t,i({ - 5'JEteBKiXjady Throck.'g moet &ithful and . 
w;'( i;iii; i' .' ■.[ A flfectionate humble servant, 
■■'< i . ,j, M. Pendabves. 

Mj brother charges jne with his most humble service 
and confabulations to your Ladyship and Sir Kobert. 

■The. above iJetter j» addressed to I^dy Throckmorton, at 
'Wartc% of w^ch Lifscombe gives the following account: — "The 
inapoT boii^ ef Weaton Underwood (two milea west of Olney, 
Bnijlca), wsf nearly rebuilt by Sir Eobert Throckmorton, in or 
■tout 1578. The scenery of the park and gardens, with the 
course of the river, and the venerable groves which shelter the 
manmoii, have been fte theme of Cowper's muse. An extensive 
iud valuable btirfliry and numerous family portrails were amongst 
the ornvnents of Weaton, but many of thein, with divers coats of 
atm in, punted glass, were removed to Coughton, in Warwick- 


shire. Soon after tlie accession of Sir Charles Throckmorton to 
the estate at Cougliton, the old mansion at Weston, being mudi 
dilapidated and decayed, was taken down, except the cliapel- 
wing and a portion of the offices ; and the proprietor removed to 
the more ancient abode of the Tlirockniortons at Coughton. 
When the mansion was demolished in 1827, hiding-places were 
discovered which had probably been unknown to the family 
during many years. In the floor of one of the fran«t8« netr 
that which had been made into a chapel, was a trap-door, opeoing 
into a small room below, within which was a closet, containing 
an old bed, and a ladder long enough to reach the trap-door ; in 
another place was a concealed door, which when bolted within- 
side, could not be distinguished from the wainscot." Miss Staple- 
ton, the "/air Catherhia** of Cowper, was the wife of a grandson of 
Sir Robert Throckmorton, so often mentioned in these letters, and 
the Bulfinch celebrated by Cowper belonged to Mary Catkerhi^^ 
wife of another grandson, who succeeded to the baronetcy on tlie 
death of the husband of the "/atr Kitty ColUngaHwL" 

Mrs. Pendarvcs to Mrs. Ann Granville, 

Brook Strt, 3rd March, 1738-9. 

Like a most noble patriot, I have given up all prrvato 
advantages for the good of my country. I must tell my 
dearest sister that Tuesd^iy and Thursday I embarked, 
with the Duchess of Queensbury and Lady Wallingford, I 
may say in a sea of troubles — a rough one I am sure it 
proved to ns, though we came off without being wrecked* 
My brother wrote to you last Tuesday and promised to 
inform you of my undertaking, but that was a day ot 
calm delight to Thursday. We got into the gallery ; and 
by twelve o'clock, were tolerably well placed « heard 


the merchants^ tell their grievances plainly and honestly. 
The examinations that followed were tedious, no debates 
that day ; the Diike of Argyle spoke once, and very 
agreeably^ the house was not up till eight. I went home 
with Lady Westmorland to dinner. Lord Cobham^ talked 
over the business of the day, and gave me more entertain- 
ment than the whole House of Lords : that thin, decayed I /^ 
carcase of his contains a spirit that is surprizing. 

When I came home at night, I found two letters 
from Miss Granville, to acquaint me with Lord W.V 
going to be married to Miss H., that they were all 
to be hurried forthwith to Longleat, to settle for ever, 
the house in town to be sold, and no hopes of their 
coming^ any more among their friends in this part 
of the world. Ton cannot imagine the distress, fright, 
and disappointment of poor Miss Gran, upon Gh-ace's 
account ; and she entreats me so pressingly to come to her, 
that I go next Monday, and stay till Wednesday. Old 
H. is a cunning man, and will keep the Viscount safe, 
if once he has caught him; his numerous family will 
thrust others out of doors, and I can't say the prospect 
promises well. I will advise them to the best of my 
power, but Providence will do better for them than all 

* The oppressive conduct of tlic Spanish ( Joveninicnt towards Britisli mer- 
chants, was brought before the House of Commons by letters and memorials, 
and their grievances were formally stated by counsel at the bar of the House. 
The result was a declaration of war against Spain, in 1739. 

' Lieut-General Sir Richard Temple, Bart., was raised to the ]K?erage in 
1714, as Baron Cobham, and in 1718 was creatM Viscount and Baron Cobham, 
in default of male issue, with special remainder to his sister Hester, tlie wife of 
Richard Grenville, Esq. Lord Cobham married Anne, daughter of Ivlmnnd 
Halsey, Esq. He died childless in 1740, and tlie Stx>w estite, with the title 
of Viscount and Baron, devolved upon his sister, wlio was in the same year 
create<l Countess Temple. 

* Thomas Thynne, 2nd Viscount Weymouth, waa only twice mairied. 


our forecast, and as yon say it is tlie only dependanee thst 
can be relied on : however human endeavours are allowed, 
and more — they are required. This took rae up aU 
Wednesday — I wrote her a volume of the best comfort 
and advice I could send her, dined with Sir John 
Stanley to consult about them, which took up wo mueh 
of the day, I could not find time to write to you; 
and on Thursday morning I was to be with Lady West- 
moreland by ten, which I punctually was. 

Again she and the Duchess of Queensbury, Mrs. For- 
tescue, and myself set forward for Westminster, and got 
up to the gallery-door without any difficulty. TTiere were 
thirteen ladies more that came with the same intentioik 
To tell you all the particulars of our provocations, the in- 
sults of the door-keepers, and our unshaken mtrepiditj/, 
would flourish out more paper than a single frank would 
contain, but we bore the buffets of a stinking crowd from 
half an hour after ten till five in the afternoon, witii* 
out moving an inch from our places, only see-«awing 
about as the motion* of the multitude forced us. At 
j last our committee resolved to adjourn to the ooflEBe> 
/ house of the Court of Bequests, where debaiies began, how 
we were to proceed? it was agreed amongst ns to 
address Sir Charles Dalton' for admittance. The addrea 
was presented, and an answer returned, that ** whilst otii 
lady remained in the passage to the gallery, the door 
should not be opened for the members of the House of 
Commons ;'' so we generously gave them the liberty of 
taking their places. As soon as the door was opened 

* M&ry, dai^jrhter of Lord H«mry Cavenduh, and wife of John, lik JEvictf 
' Sir Charks Dalton, Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod. 


tkey aU roshed in^ and we followed ; some of them had 
the gallantr J to /^it» us their places, and with yiolent 
squeemig^ and suoh a resolution as hardly wa^ ever 
nieliWithj'We riggled ourselves into seats. I think that 
WB» the first time I wished to he a man — though nothing 
less than a peer; The Dnke of Argyle spoke soon after 
we came in, but before that my Lord Cholmondely 
moved that an address of thanks should be sent to the 
King for the Convention ; the minority opposed it ' 
gallantiy V My Lord Chesterfield spoke most exquisitely 
wdl,^ — wiiii good sense, vrit, and infinite spirit: I never 
was so well eDtertained in my life as with his speaking ! t 
I wished yon tiiere for that hour, though I had sufSsred \ 
so. muchr to gain the entertainment. 

Everything after him was dull and heavy ; much ciV- 
cuainfioribus stuff was talked of on the Court side. They 
might have spared their breath ; their convincing argu- 
ment was in their pockets — not on their tongue : they had 
a majority of twenty-one, and though they seemingly con- 
quered, they made a poor figure ! Ami not a furious 
politician ? But enough of these aflkirs, those of friend- 
ship suit my nature better, where the struggles that arise 
are from very different principles than what animate cour- 
tiers and politicians, whose selfish views, under tlie glare 
of the good of their country, so often fill their hearts 
with a train of evil thoughts. Oh ! how happy ai'e we, 
not only ourselves to be free from these engagements, 
but to have no friend entangled by them ! This mo- 
ment ray brother has brought Mrs. Lloyd in ; it is two 
o'clock. I walked to the Ducliess of Portland's this 
morning, breakfasted with her — came back ; twelve 
millions of impertinences. Oh for the banks of the 



Stanley is low, and complains of being grown weak and 
faints >fie has had the toothache, which is a teazing pain 
aid dejects the spirits extremely: when the wind 
chmgesi aiid the sun shines, I hope all these complaints 
wilLbe xemoved ; but till then I don't expect they should. 
I dined last Sunday with Sir John ; yesterday morning 
he made me a long visit, and met Mrs. Kitty Lloyd 
hete, who Kves in the neighbourhood, a great friend of 
Lady WestmorlaaidB^ — a smart sensible woman. I was 
engaged with my crayons, and painted whilst they talked 
the world over, and now and then put in a wordHo let 
them know I had my ears at liberty though my eyes 
were employed: that double entertainment is a high 
regale to me, but it comes seldom in my way. 

How few are they that are qualified for conversation ! 
for if it runs too high or too low it ceases to be a delight ; 
the o^e puts the attention so much upon the stretch that 
it soon tires the spirits — the other is insupportable after | 
half-anJiour. I staid at home the rest of the day, eat 
my morsel like a hermit, without any spectator save my 
faithful Dapper. After dinner Madam Dashwood made 
me a yisit for an hour and George Jackson ; in the even- 
ing came Lady CoUadon, and we had an uninterrupted 
tete-k4ete of three hours. 

Mr. Montagu mends very slowly, and 'tis much feared 
he never will recover the use of his leg — a melancholy 
prospect for a man in the prime of his life, but he bears 
it with great patience and cheerfulness. Lady Colladon 
has promised to speak to Princess Caroline about the 
Queen of Bohemia's picture ; I have heard nothing from 
Lady Hertford, did Mrs. Buncombe write to her? I 
long to know how you determine to bestow your sweet 


person when my mother can spare you : whilst her com* 
])laint continuen 1 know you can*t be spared. Notliingf 
could have hindered my coming to see my motlier, (not- 
withstanding the badness of the ways and weotlier,) but 
knowing she had you with her whose tender affectioa 
would think of everything tliat was proper to dose lor. 
her. My brotlier was quite unoiusy at not being able to 
make her a visit, but ever since her being ill he has been 
engaged in settling, with my Lord Gower and Lord 
Carteret, that part of the Albemarle esttito that was un- 
divided, and has been obhged to meet laiwyers at his owa 
liouse or at Stimley's once or twice a-week : at last lie 
has been forced to leave it undone till he returnSi or ho 
would have run the liazard of losing a chap for his lands» 
for he has now in his liands about two hundred pound 
:i-}'ear, which will turn to bad account if he does not 
settle it, — thus stands the state of liis aOairs. 

I had a kind long letter from Mrs. F/ ; but alas ! 'twas 
to tell me she does not come to town this year: the. 
young squire was expected last night at Wliiteliall at the 
old house, where he is to be one fortnight only. I have- 
sent for the girls to town — they are to come ou Thursday »- 
and they meet liim at dinner on Friday. I must contrive; 
to make up a set at whist, and I will take a box one dagf • 
next week and ask him to be of the party. Tis unlucky 
my brother's biding out of town at this time, but after all 
Providence will do better than we can — there rests the 
anchor of hope. 

I find Barrow is an honourable man : T hope I shall 
see him again before he goes out of town. I believe lie is 
now at Twickenham ; I wish 1 could do him any real 

» Mra. Fulfv. 


service ; when I nee Stanley I will ask Iiim how snch a 
mui can be serti^d f I wrote you a long letter last port. 
I write to you by this beomisu on Thursduy mornings I 
ha?e not an honr to spare even to you, an it is appro- 
priated to Kellaway and (Joupy, ajid by Saturday I hope 
I may give you Bome account of our younf? people. " Now 
Cupid be kind," &c. 

I had A letter last post from Lady Sarah C. : she vraa 
in the height of felicity, her sister was with her, nod 
her eyes are almost well. I feel with her the joy of seeing 
those we love tenderly well and happy. Since I wrote this, 
Dr. Atwell has been here : I have spoken about yonng 
Newton's having St. Mary's ; he says he has spoken to 
the Bishop — ^it cannot be done for him for the Master 
of Pembroke has thoughts of taking it himself; but says 
if he does, he will make it so well worth Mr. Newton's 
officiating as curate for hira there, that it will be better 
to him thau the living, as he will be obliged to quit 
Taunton for it. The Dnke of Portland has just brought 
me tho ^^rinMte^ letter for Lord Combory,' and a few 
wards te n^igetf w}b<^ I sball soon acknowledge, and will 
bfl Iwir-fk^lifttQ peet in delivering her preciens letter to 
hn'iia^ hiHiotired Lord Combnry. Dr. Atnrell says 
Hid' i^tflU'liiiaTou "Would notthank him fw a visit 
aAe* huring 'beea Amreoted for not waiting on yon." 

^^LofdOoniiury.' ^mty Hyde, only aaa of Heniy the tut Ewl at' 
CUnndon, wis called up to the House of Peen, by the style of Lord Hyda, 
M died hii^witM. beTom b> bthsr, at Puis, 1753. He vu Pope'i Lord 
Conljuy, the aune to ivbom Bolingbroke addreased hia Letten on the Study 
^Brntay, aod 1o «boM oemedy of Th« MutaJu* Walpole wrote the "Ad- 
TETtimMt^" in. th« najue of Un. Porter, tbs actrtes. Walpole calls him, 
"Thi* amiable and diaintereMed lord ■' he died by a fall from his horse. He 
mt Inuther of the Dncheaa of Qneenahnry. 



The Duchess of Portlatid to the Ijody Throckmorton^ at Waton^ near Oulney^ 

Whitehall, iiay Bth, 119%. 

What shall I say to dear Lady Throckmorton for ooi 
complying with her obliging request in letting her know 
how the little boy did ; he is now, thank Ood, perfeeUy 
well, and has had no more fits ; I hope he will continue 
so* I flatter myself yon recover apace, and fiucy yoa 
will soon begin your rambles : I wish they were to end in 
coming to London, for I have a most prodigioiu denn 
to see you ; and except I can be so happy in the winter 
at Bulstrode, I don't know when I shall, for I shall be 
kept in town for the old occasion all this summer. I 
am very much obliged to Sir Bobert for admonishing 
you to write to me ; indeed your epistles are great jojB 
to me, and you are very sensible of the huny I live in, 
that it is not always in my power to do what I like bert, 
or you would have been epistolized much sooner, and I 
expressed my gratitude for your kinA inquiry^ I de- 
livered your letters to Fenny and Pipkin, which they 
were both very happy with, and design writing veiy mmmL 
I see them as often as I possibly can, and you will belieM 
I am very happy when I do. 

I have just received the most obliging oi kttem hata 
my dearest Colly, which makes my silence appear in- 
gratitude of the blackest dye ; but I hope you are con- 
vinced of my affection for you, and know me too well 
to imagine I change with every blast, for believe me 
sincerely attached to you, and I wish it were in my 
power to show my affection to you more than faj 
words. I am surprized Penny and Pip have not wrote, to 
you ; I shall see them to-night and tcU them your kind 

• ''-'OF HUB. DKLANt. 81 

remembrance ; indeed, my dear Colly, we often talk you 
over, and the many happy hours we often spent in your 
company, and heartily wish they were to come over 
again. I hear Madame Latouche has pnt oat' an 
apology for living with his Grace, and declares that 
"love was the predominiint and hereditary paHflion of 
her family-," I wish much to see it. liady Uorothy 
Boyle and Lord Euston' are to make a match. Miss 
Pit and Lord Barrington,' they say, are wedded, but I 
eaa hardly tliink it, for Lord Strange^ is alwuye buzzinf^ 
in her ear and dancing with her. 

I will tell you a piece of news you will be glad to 
hear, and that is, mama has made me a present of her 
fine emerald drops. Lady Margaret Bentinck' is come 
over with her spouse, so we have nothing going forward 
but feasting from morning to night, which I am quite 
side off, and heartily wish it was over. I must now go 
and dress for a feast at his Grace of Kent's, for if I am 
sbt in tinalihe littU old man will have no merreynpon 
iAd«;Mt&»/of hiS''. Adieu, t^ef girls are very well; my 
.Lord'fi.heat compleaitents attend yon-— we both join in 
ihs Buhe to Bit'Bobert. Vn^ when yon write to your 
mama asanre her of my humble senrice and best wishee. 
iSinmnost fiutfaiiiUy and obediently. 

■lA-^vVP gnL-ofSHhnireiacBtiBOQOf CharU^ZudDakeof Onflon, nu- 
ried in 1741, Dorothy, eMett daughter of die ^1 of Burlington. Ue died 
MAoai Ime, iii JnV. 1747. 

' * VtUiiDD Wilteaa, Sod Viaconnt Burington, married in 1740, Marj, 
ivf^lei of Henry LoTell, Esq., a relict of the Bon. Saniael Grimslon. 
'■"i Jinua Lord Strange, eldest son of Edward Stanley, 11th Ear) of 
Dttb;; Be married in 1747, Lucy, daughter of Hugh Bntith, Esq., and died 
ia JniMv 1771, before fafs fatlier. 

' Dargaret, daoghtes of William P!aTl of Cado^m, married Charlei Jolin, 
'WatSailiiMk:. - 




Mn. Pendarves to the Lady Hirockinortonf at WeUorty nmr (hiney^ Bmek$m 

Upper Brook Street, 16 Ifay, 1739. 

My dear Lady Throck. so kindly expresses a desire 
to hear from me, that I should be most angratefiil to 
omit any longer my acknowledgments for the welcome 
favour of your last letter. I have so sincere a pleasure 
in hearing from you that I can't help wishing it could 
be oftener repeated ; but as that is more than I can be 
gratified in, I will accept of your favours just as you can 
conveniently bestow them, and be thankful to have any 
share in a friendship so much valued and desired by all 
who know you. My sister is with me, and I hope will 
stay a month longer ; she then goes with my brother 
into Staffordshire. If you should then be at Weston, and 
there is a possibility of her making you a visit, she 
certainly will. My brother was hurried down in the 
country, in miserable weather through dismal roads, two 
months' ago, but returns in a fortnight to fetch my 
sister : he has so great a desire to pay his respedis to 
your Ladyship and Sir Eobcrt that I am sure he will Idee 
no opportunity he can make use of of giving himself that 
pleasure. My sister and I, in our tcte-a-tetes, often delight 
ourselves in talking of our«amiable Colly, in recollecting 
the hours we have passed together, adding sincere wishes 
for their renewal ! 

Is London so very odious to Sir Robert and his fair 
lady as to destroy all hopes of ever seeing you here? 
You are both misers : you each lock up your treasoie, 
and will not let the rest of the world partake of your 
happiness; but I am not surprized at either of you, 
much more at those that don*t know how to value 

. OF MBa DELANY. 53 

or enjoy the blessings they possess. Our well beloved / 
Duchesa ia very, well, though in a multiplying way ; 
she looks extremely well, and is good and lively as 
ever, truly affectionate and constant to her old friends. 
She has fretted excessively at having occasioned yon so 
much uneafiness about the little marquis by her being 
so long silent — the children are aU well. I believe she 
will be in town the greatest part of the summer, which, 
was . it not for the allay of what occasions it, would be 
great joy to me ; as it will be some satisfaction to me to 
be near her when she is confined and wants company. 

I propose retiring to my grotto at Northend as soon as 
my favpurite companion leaves me, choosing solitude 
rather than society when I can*t have those I like best 
wiith me. With infinite pleasure should I accept of your 
most agreeable invitation, if it were in my power to 
comply with it, but I am under an engagement to spend 
all the time I can spare this year at Northend, except a 
short excursion I am to make to Windsor. My sister 
begs to know where your warbler, Miss Birch, lives, that 
we may contrive to meet before our retirement into the 
country. I live in hopes you wiU mend your pace in 
writing, and by giving me proofs of your inclination to 
me, confirm me if possible more strictly, 

My dear Lady Throck. 
Tour affectionate and faithful 

M. Pen. 

Mine and my sister's best compliments attend Sir 


Mn. Ann OrantrSh to tht Lady ThrockmorkmfOi WmUm^ ntsr (MlMy, 


London, 26 If aj, 17119. 

That person must ill deserve the name of friend who 
can forget a thousand acts of kindness and resent one 
seaming neglect ! Ko, my dear Lady Throck. I suffered a 
great deal more from the apprehension of your being ill, 
than the imagination that you had foigot me, for I be- 
lieve your honest heart incapable of change ; therefore Sir 
Bobert will find upon examination, that I have not so much 
merit as he fancies. However, if he pursues his kind inten- 
tion T shall be much obliged to him, and desire no better 
situation than to be near the most agreeable couple ib fhe 

I have been in London just a month, found my sister, 
our Duchess, and all friends well. I only wait my 
brother's return out of Staffordshire, and when he htt 
dispatched some business in town I return with him 
for the rest of the year to Calwich, and if we can wait 
upon our agreeable friends at Weston, it will be a great 
satisfaction to us. Indeed my dear Colly, I do most 
earnestly wish to see you, as does Pen ; but alas ! I am 
not to be happy in her company this year; she stays 
with Sir John Stanley, and as she does what is right, I 
ought to be contented ; her best wishes attend you -and 
Sir Bobert, I join in all your rural entertainment, which 
are infinitely more to my taste than courtly pleaaurai, 

I can't give you much account of what passes here, be- 
cause I attend so little to the common conversations that 
the news makes no impression upon me ; Miss Campbell k 
to be married to-morrow to my Lord Bruce. ^ Her fiEitber 

1 Married in June 1739, tiio Rii;ht lion. Lord Bruce, t4> Miss ConipbolL— 
London MagoMtne, 

caa^i^i^crin^^^M^ Iniiliie j; die k y^ej ' pietfy; modtet, 
w^E(rM)Wrfd lumijnflt eighteen, has two thonsand a-year 
jpnijtqvffi,iiM]4 ^K^l^wdindpiaa^iaaaej: <%ftiy he is 
^IffffiBt.p^Sffi^iiciw aod this wksiiiU 

«|]j^.l9itQh^^ the 4»«y of th# 

]fiM^r,rjF^.^jf :])IH^ J^P!i^her, fw itf she hair any, mtfaipti 
oCis^af^'ipl^fVni^ £rai|i traa esteem mi m^ 

i^^.immsAii^ he ( jw4 

teWfJI^lfti^W » ti^ flh»w , of, gQU I and efaipages in*k» vf 

.tot^;jbbe>F^]^Wie^^^ etill very bosy ^hoi^i tl^ Spauuili 
^fll^lft jpjp^floiw people tfaiB^ they w^eit aUjihe^^mm- 
I met Mrs. Birch in the Park ; was rejoiced to (See 
har«}9S(h9 pcw^.iie^ Wednesday* apd then. I will in- 
4^)99 jjAti^Ui^ng of yon; an evevpleasix^theme to^yow 

Trm-r*rr — ^r— T"..' j." '.:•. .'. ^' ;■ ;'*1 

Pray write to me sooner than usual, and assure Sir 
Bobert of my respects. Bindon is at Oxford ; I had a 
witty letter from her last post. 

Mn. Ektob io Mm OraHvUle. 

Ev^gham, AngU 4th| 1739. 

My dear friend s letter afforded me so many pleaciures, 
that I am at a loss where to begin to return my 
thanks; the delightful account you gave me of your 
sweet retirement, not only made me wish myself with 
you, but even fancy myself to be there ; my imagi- 
nation in an instant conveyed me into Sir John's library, 
where I found your most valuable sister and self 


perusing a well chosen book, from whence I thonghi I 
Waited on yon both into the pleasant garden you describe, 
and had the advantage of receiving your ingeniotiB sen- 
timents on the subject you had been reading. Thesis 
agreeable thoughts prevented for some time my reflecting 
as I ought on my vast obligation to you for so kindly 
communicating to me the acceptable news of the health 
of our most excellent Duke and Duchess, and their dear 
little &mily, and with their &vourable thoughts oonoam- 
ing me— an honour far greater than I deserve, and must 
be acknowledged by me to be entirely owing to their 
great humanity, and to the good-offices of your worthy 
sister and adf, to whom my most dutiful respecte aie 
due. You will no doubt know as soon as anjbo^ 
when her Grace is brought to bed; I slum be iMidi 
obliged to you if you will be so good as to let me knew, 
that I may. take the first opportunity to congratulate 
her on that happy occasion^ 

I have had the pleasure of seeing my dear and valuable 
friend, Mrs. Chapon, twice since I have been here, who, 
notwithstanding the great hurry she was in, was so good 
as to spend a night with me each time, and am not without 
hopes I shall be so happy as to see her again soon, though 
she is removed further from me. The last time she was 
here, I had an exceeding pleasure, though not witiiout 
some concern, at hearing a long and tcarm dispute between 
that charmixig woman, and Mr. Ben. Seward, on some 
methodistical notions, in which it was by better judges 
than myself agreed that the female antagonist had 
much the advantage over him; it is surprizing to see 
how indefatigable he is in endeavouring to gain proselytes, 
and likewise what success he meets with ! Fray God if 


it4ie.ta» good pleasure to put a stop to these miserable 
4^U4icav3» for th^ consequQuce^ in my opinion, seems, to be 
?i^ Jterrihle^ I am quite ashamed of this tedious epistle, 
l^id Y^ the^fore on](y assure you that I am, to dear Mrs. 
Pead^xres and yoi:H:self^ a 

Most grateful and affectionate servant, 

Elizabeth Elstob. 

I teid just finished this, when I had the favour of 
youtrft, wMcJh transported me inexpressibly to hear that 
£er Ghnate was safely brought to bed, that she had so 
good a time, and that she and the little lady^ Me both 
eb*#ell, for whidi I return my thanks to Almighty God, 
tar this joyful news. I begin to be impatient to be 
doingp my duty, and sh^ thei-efore heartily rejoice when 
ilM happy time comes. In the meantime, the best and 
sinc^est wishes that can proceed from a most grateful 
heart, attend the two incomparable sisters from their 
Most affectionate and obedient servant, 

Elizabeth Elstob. 

Mrs, Ann GranvilU to the Lculy Throckmorton^ at Scarhoroughy in 


Northend, 15 August, 1739. 

For fear my dear Colly should see in the newspapers 
an account of the Duchess of Portland and be alarmed, 
I write to let you know really how she is, though I grieve 
to say not as well as we wish her to be. Doctor Sand's 
says there is no danger, but she has fever on still, is re- 
duced, extremely low and weak, and had a blister put on 

> Lady Margaret Cavendish Bentinck was bom in July, 1739. 


to-day. Sands desired yesterday that another physician 
might be called in> but she would not consent, and indeed 
I believe her very safe in his hands as far as htiman skill 
can reach. We go to town to-morrow to see her, and 
you shall not fail of a particular account firom me every 
post till she mends. I know what your tender heart feels 
for so valuable and good a friend, and I feel for yaa^ for my- 
aelf and for everybody that is happy in her friendship ; but 
imagine nothing worse than what I tell you, for I am 
quite just in my relation ; it is what my brother brought 
us this morning, and he had it from Mrs. Farran. I 
long to hear that the waters agree with you and ^ 
Robert ; pray let me have that pleasure soon. Did you re- 
ceive my letter by Gleg ? 

Sir John Stanley is come home very well from Tun- 
bridge; the world is so divided I can send yon no 
news, and the weather is 8o hot it dissolves all one's 
senses. I hear Bindon is in town, but I can't tell 
where nor how to get at her. I must hear oftenw from 
you than I have done of late, or I shall never attempt 
writing you a long letter again. Sir Bobert Thiock* 
morton's generosity to the Bath hospital makes a very fine 
figure in the newspapers. My brother and sister desire 
their particular compliments to your Ladyship and Sir 
Robert. We shall all be happy when it is in our power to 
wait upon you at Weston. 

OP inta. DELANY. 59 

M4a9 Ann OraftvQIe to the Lady Thro^vnofian^ at Bcarborov^ m 


Northend, 18 August, 1739. 

How hard it is to be obliged to give pain where one 
wishes only to conununicate joy and happiness ! But 'tis 
the will of heaven, my dearest Colly, that we mmt resign 
our most amiable Duchess! My sister and I were at 
Whitehall yesterday morning. The Duchess's fever was 
then (18 high as ever, nor has there been any intermission 
for thirty days. Doctor Sands then insisted upon a con- 
sxdtaidon ; Broeksome was at Windsor ; Mead came, and 
only confirmed Doctor Sands' prescription, which was a 
blister upon each arm, and a vomit 1 We were obliged to 
come back to Northend, which was a great grief to us. Last 
night we heard she was worse ; this morning Sands gives 
her quite over, and poor Aschard sent us the mournful 
message that they " onli/ expected the great change." How 
many are involved in this misfortune ! My poor Penny 
is inconsolable. I won't pretend to mention my own 
suflferings, my dear friend, for I should only increase 
yours, and your part of the affliction is a great aggravation 
to mine. The poor Duke is truly sensible of liis ir- 
reparable loss ; I promised him to write to you to-day. 
But can add no more, but that I am in every circumstance 
of mind or body. 

Your faithful and affectionate 


Penny's best wishes attend you and Sir Eobert, to 
whom I beg mine. Pray write one line to me imme- 
diately, for I shall be very uneasy to know how you do ; 
and if possil>le, keep up your spirits ; you have a good 


comforter, that I am sure wiU do every thmg in Uspomsr 
to alleviate yonr 6oitow» * . '» 

I am this moment come from Whitehall. The Jhtchag 
is better, and they have great hopes of her being able to 
struggle through it, though her fever is not al»ted«' I 
hope in God, I shall be able to send yon better news neit 
' ■ " ' ■ . 

Miis Ann CfratwiUe to the Lady Hiroekmorton, ai S^miomt^ '■ 


NorUiend, 22d AagMft, 1780. : 

With the greatest joy imaginable I can assure wcy 
dear Lady Throck. that our dear Duchess is oirt of all 
danger ! She began to mend on Saturday night, her fever 
abated, Sunday she was much better, and yesterdi^ 
morning my sister and I was at Whitehall, and had the 
agreeable account from both the doctors that time 
was '* nothing more to fear ;" present weakness must be 
expected after so dangerous a distemper. You may guess 
the happiness this recovery gives to poor Lord and 
Lady Oxford, who were in the deapest affliction ; and the 
Duke has shewed himself very sensible of the blessing he 
enjoys in so excellent a creature ; poor Achard has been 
almost distracted. But I will dwell no longer upon 
melancholy reflections, since the bad is past: we will 
only think of friture happiness^ and let me intreat jou^ 
my dear Colly, to oome to town, that you may have 
Doctor Sands' advice in case you should want it, for 
he certainly has been the only human means of tile 
Duchess's recovery. He has watched her constantiy, 
and never went to bed for four nights ; and has more 

tendemeBS, and oaution than I have ev^ seea in 
anybody. For his own justificatioB he wonld have Doctor 
Mead, but he only confirmed what the other prescribed ; 
flo Sttnda oughi to have the whole eredit of a cure. 
And now be quite easy^ and when yon don't hear, 
depend- dpon the Daehess'» oontintdng well ; shonld any 
alteration happen I will certainly let you know : I 
now expect to hear from you ; tell me what you do, and 
how r/aur Jine Duchess is liked. Is not Doctor Shaw 
your phyflieian P he is esteemed a very good one, and I 
am sure was of great service to some friends of mine (the 
Rdey's) s I wish he could prevail upon them to go to 
Soarborough again* My brother and sister's compli- 
ments ^ittend you, and all our good wishes to Sir Bobert. 
Ha^e you heard Mr. Kellaway upon the harpsichord ? he 
18 at Scarborough and a most delightful player, very littk 
ittfeiior to HandeL Adieu, my dearest Colly, believe me 
ever yours 

Most faithfully, 
A. G. 

Mr$, Ann Granville to Ludy Throckmorton, 

26 Sept. 1739. 

Though I have but a fortnight to stay in town, and 
every moment cut out, yet I must thank my dearest 
Lady Throck. for the vast pleasure of her letter ; every 
&vour of yours is dear to me, and tliough I obey your 
commands of silence, I shall place it in my heart, and 
think of what you will not allow me to speak. The des- 
cription of your Sunday evening's entertainment diverted 
me excesively, and our Duchess, with whom I received 


your letter. We agreed thatthaDuke c£ LeedB^ had greai 
reason to be discontented that you ahonld be so fond of 
your ''own Sir Bobert/' a maa so different from ite 
generality of the world, who has been married almost 
two years, and can now find out more perfeddons in iui 
£ur Colly than when he was first in loTe, and she atill 
thinks him the most suniable of mankind I these aie not 
sentiments to carry to Scarborough and Bath 1 Yoa w31 
draw the ridicule of the whole world upon you for being 
so particular, for unless it is the Duke and Dadbeta d 
Portland, there is not a couple in London but grow 
happily indifferent in six months ! and if they drag the 
chain as many years, what joy it is to part! A present iop 
stance is the Duchess of Manchester ; her Duke is dying/ 
and do you think she'll spoil her eyes with crying P 
No, no ; she has better employment for them ! 

People are marrying like mad : Sir Bobert Clifton and 
Lady Loom ;^ Lord Harrington^ and Lady Anne Mon- 
tague ;* Mr. Leveson, and Sir Bichard Wrottesley,* a Staf- 

> Thomas, 4th Duke of Leeds. 

< WilliAm, 2sd Duke of MandMster, died 21ft October, 1738. Hit wile 
was Isabella, daughter of John Duke of Moutagu. She ZDarried, 2Ddlj| 
Edward Hussey, Esq., of Ireland, who assomcd the name of Montago, im 
was created Earl of Beaulien. 

s Sir Robert Clifton married twice ; 1st to Lady Frands Goote, tad 2bdl7 
to Miss Lombe, eldest daughter and co-heir of Alderman Sir Thomas Lomb^ 

« William Stanhope, Lord Harrington, married Anne, dani^iter and hsic of 
Colonel Edward Griffith, by whom he had two sons, (twins,) bom December 
is, 1719, when their mother died. Lord Harrington does not appear lo huH 
married a second time. In 1742 he was created Earl of Harrington, aadl dipi 
December 8, 1756, and was succeeded by his only surviving son, William, 
2nd Earl of Harrington. 

* Lady Anno Montague^ dau^ter of the lat Duke of Mancfaestv, died m^ 

* The Rev. Sir Richard Wrottesley married Lady Blary Gower, danghler of 
John, Ist Earl Qower. 


fenlsbure knighb (tf 1 8 ; ^daughter of my Lord Dartmonth's^ 
to I don't know who ; and Lady Bell Bentinck* to Mr. 
Monok (an Lrish gentleman), nephew to Sir John Stanley; 
but it is at present a secret ; bnt I am sure you will be 
glad te^ hedf oor dear Duchess is likely to be eased of a 
tMublteome companion ; thank Ood she mends every day, 
aod ezc^it a weakness in her knees, has not one symptom 
of illneas left. We talk of our most amiable Colly and 
wi^ for her every day. I hope this will find you per^ 
fectly well, and arrived at Weston with your own Sir 
Bofaert, to whom I desire my best wishes ; my sister's 
ever attend you both, and my brother's compliments. 
Bindon was in town ; I saw hex. once, but she is not in 
spirits and looks old. Had I time I could say a thousand 
things to you, but they would not express how much 
1 am 

My dear Lady Throck's 

Most faithful and obliged 


It grieves me not to see sweet singing Birch, but she 
is such a journey from me ; I have no coach and nobody 
will give me one, so must be contented, but not pleased. 

I brought my letter to our Duchess to know if she 
had any commands ; her good wishes ever attend you, 
and she desires to hear from you very soon ; she 
mends every day, and I hope will soon be able to visit 

* Lady Anne Legge, younpjest daughter of William, Ist Earl of Dartmouth, 
married, in 1739, Sir Lister Holte, and died the following year. 

* Lady Anne Isabella Bentinck, daughter of Henry, 1st Duke of Portland, 
married, November 8, 1739, Henry Monok, Esq. 


The Duchess of Bedford^ was brought to bed to-daj of 
a son ; how happy does it make her I 

J7ie Duchess </ Pwiland to Lady TTiroekmortoti^ at Wetion^ n&ur (hdme^ 


Whiteball, Nor. 1^ 17M. 

Indeed, my dear Colly, I grew quite impatient foir tlie 
pleasure of a letter from you, and begun to fear yon w«s 
out of order, Kad was going to write to yon when I wias 
blessed with yours. I long more impatiently to see yiML 
than ever I did in my life ; and yet your absense ever was 
most cruel to me, but I can never be thankful enough 
for your kind concern -for me ; believe me I am most 
grateful, and my heart will be ever the same. You say 
you have been out of order, but don't, say what wu the 
occasion, which I take a little amiss ; but T had tbe 
pleasure of Lady Montagu's company, who informed me* 
I wish, my dearest friend, you would lye-in in Londaii, 
and be under Doctor Sandys' care ; I have more reason 
to speak well of him then ever I had in my life, for it is 
entirely to his great skill and care that I am recovered : 
and is it not the same, whether you come before you ave 
brought to bed or after? I am sure Sir Bobert and your 
dear mama would be of my mind if they knew his merit 
as well as I do. If you have any commissions in this part 
of the world, employ me, and I will perform them with 
pleasure and to the best of my capacity. I sincerdy shtte 
in your joy of Mrs. CoUingwood's being with yon ; I lore 

1 Gertrude, eldest daughter of John, Ist Earl Gower, married, in April ITSTt 
John, 4th Dakc of Bedford, and had a eon, Francis Marquis of Tavistock, lAm 
died before his father in 1767, and a daughter, GaroUne, married to Q^M^ 
3rd Duke of Marlborough. 

m/t'WMbf UttA V^%iy ittrj' wA tioUfplixlieffls Hdf pet shd 
dir Bobert. Do eoniS&6t «f what I hinre saSd to yoii;Uid 
dome to town; I must not write more for fear of my 
eyes ; bat I am veiy well, anbf toeak, and whilst I haye 

"SMir flMJtt'firfitiififl, affectionate friend and servant. 
'4^iitft^ftM)(W>4oeii,ja(jrdeAr.:i^^ more^diaiu Heftyen 

^21 mmsi /euy^mtMatto ieiol!v^> on doing what ia^idgfat, 
failt4dbkjpirfbraa»it iaatdiffioiiUy not easily oTeroQme^ This 
liia^bMt m)r inue in. legaird^ to niy ^ttr Lady Thzook., 
who has shared mnch more of my thoughts than perhaps 
sbe will do me the justice to believe. I don't know if 
any of my friends that have the honour of corresponding 
with your Lady ship, have told you of the bad state of my 
eyes. They were for above a month excessively bad, — so 
violently inflamed, that I have been obliged to go through 
abundance of physicBl discipline. It punished me ex- 
tremely for the time, but it allows me now the pleasure of 
addressing myself to my much esteemed Colly. Though 
I am a guilty wretch and cannot entirely justify myself 
having been so long unthankful for your very obliging 
and welcome letter, I must put you in mind of your own 
dilatory proceedings, and must add, had I hopes of a 
quick return to my letters, nothing could so effectually 

* " The Twopenny 8," the children. 


8pur mc on. Our dear charming Duchess^ (for whom 
I know by my own heart you have suffered infinite 
anxiety,) is now as well as you can wish to haT€ her-^ 
c^ood looks, good spirits, and every good belonging to 
her that mortal woman can be possessed of. We talk 
of you very often, and lament our being so entirely de« 
prived of your company. Though we are sensible of your 
happiness at homo, we cannot help envying Sir Bobeit 
for being the sole possessor of our agreeable friend, and 
though you are so goo^ as to say you have still the same 
love for your friends as you had when your heart was at 
liberty, how is it possible not to wish to see and converse 
with you ? are there no hopes of our being so happy, or 
is the ivicked town of London so haieful to you hoth^ 
that we must despair of seeing you in it ? 

As to my having the happiness of waiting on you 
at Weston, it is a beautiful prospect at a vast distance, 
mountains and rivers interpose, and I can only see it lA 
perspective. In the spring I shall go to Gloucester, from 
thence into Herefordshire, and so on to Staffordshire. To 
have known and liked you so well, and to be denied the 
j)leasure of meeting, is what 1 must sincerely regret. I am 
told you are not very well — I hope it is only an illness that 
a few montlis will ciire ; I can't but wish you in the beet 
hands at that time. As for news I know of none : war ia 
talked of in all companies, and the ladies and toupees talk 
as smartly about it as any blustering captain of them al!, 
but my disposition always inclines me to wish for peace. 
I tremble at the thoughts of a battle, and of the many Hvea 
hazarded for our ill conduct and ambition, — but this is 
beiuff a mere stupid ttomitnl The concerts begin neit 


SrtiMtff t^ Ouriiftiiii 6ing», F^echeiti 

rtiftyo i e A»tito koMe is madeupinte little boxes, fiketh* 
[ihyl i uMi i < idlrottdif Lord Middlekes: is tiie cldef iinder^ 
likM{x«id>Xibtifi0te it will pmva ta fais^ cost, for ecmemis 
as niHdoJ*! Isumbp «>ncMs ;iif Ldid I should ino«l will* 
ia||^^|HidiHig;iiKjr: visit. ^ My sisUr is ai Oloooester, and 
uyftjlirifti' ooiiseqiieiiti|y (not vciry flowing. I oongiabilsto 
jmiadA tihe joy^ ofseeiiig Mrs^ GdUingwoody and b^ my 
b a aj J iMi cnta to her and to Sir Boberfc Thiockmorfam. • 
rt/ff-^e 0/'+ : :- '■ I am dear Lady Throck.'s 
Vu'^.H^i v['> =i mostaffi9eti<matefrfkithfnl, > i 


p-^^o^pt in Bacheas of jPoptland'. Wwriting. 

' % hope my deajr C^^Y I^as received itny epistle, wliich 
was foil of good wishes for yon. 1 hope yon will ^4 
tiy aSl^fJMse' and 'come to iatm. My best compliments to 
yoitf good' mama and Sir Eobert. Write to me soon. 
Ever jours 

Mn, Ststcb • to Miss Oranville, 

Whitehall, Xtmas Day, 1739. 

I am certain my dear Miss Granville will not be dis- 
pleased to be made acquainted from my own hand, though 
imperfectly, with the inexpressible pleasure and satis- 
iaction I at present enjoy. Should I presume or pretend 

' Booember Ist, 1789, an Italian sercnata^ called Diana and Endymion, was 
pttfonoed at the little theatre in the Haymarket. Ihe composer was not 
naine<^'bat it appears from four of the airs which were printed hy Walsh 
that it was composed by Pcscctti, and that Carestini and Muscovita performed 
tko principal parts. — Bumey's TJistory of Music. 

* Mrs. Elstob went to tlie Duchess of Portland in 1739, between the months 
of September and December. 

F 2 


to enumerate all her Grace the Dachess of Portland'-* 
j)orfoetions, you wlio are so good a judge and are so well 
acquainted with them, might with good reason think 
me extremely impertinent. I will therefore only tell 
you, that I am every day more and more charmed vrith 
her, and notwithstanding your excellent sister and self 
had, before I saw her, given me a most glorious character 
of hor, I find every time I have the honour to wait cm 
her, which is pretty often, though to me not often enough, 
there is something in her still more charming which in- 
creases my admiration and improves myself. The children 
by their sweet endearing temper plainly discover whose 
offspring they are ; they are very fond of me, and even 
the little Marquis desires his nurse to bring him to " Toh^ 
as he calls me. I am highly satisfied with their capacities, 
and don't doubt but in a little time there will be many 
testimonies given by their visible improvement that they 
are very good ; tlie whole family is very civil to me, so 
that in all respects you will believe that I am very 

After liaving given you an account of my happiness in 
this noble family, I nmst beg leave to say something of 
the incomparable author of it, tlie not to be pual- 
leird Mrs. Pendarves ; of whose merits before I had the 
honour personally to know her I had entertained very 
exalted ideas, which to my great surprize upon a nearer 
acquaintance fell very short of what she deserves. In few 
words, I think her one of the finest women in the toorld 
in every r(\^pect, (without doing any injustice to the 
most accomplished of her sex,) and I not only love 
her, but admire her. I beg you will be so good as to 
make the proper compliments for the season accept* 

^kitJtooMm* gtemT^e,4Mr, Mrs. Cibapon* «Dd yo^u^f 

iisl vino >T'i'mt.,.:- ,"!, /- liLIZi»B*TO £!l#nOB« : 

-;[f!PAj]M^!#Htrjnei;^,^en4 you their servi^ . 

I'flllal'' "Xl i' !'.,. ,■... ,.,-, ,;.■ ,-. ... .. ; .. ... ., 

f ■ I 


7.-ii=itr&u.f;,v.'.:v..t ... ■■ . [Befon.orinaeye4HT40.] 

^••te^ieti^; ^ ^.iasu. gave me gre^ pleasure, and i 
was rejoiced at its being dated from Bath, where I have 
wished you extremely ever since I heard of your being 
out of order. I am glad Mrs. Foley^ prevailed with you 
to make her a visit, which gives you an opportunity of 
establishing your health, and of obliging a friend which I 
kfliow is great delight to you. We are at present very 
happy in Mrs. Pendarves* company ; we talk of you, and 
wish it were possible you could be with us, it would 
^dd much to our satisfaction. I believe it will be a great 
whUe before we go to town ; it's no sort of grievance 
to me, for I think the country has charms all the year 
rounds and when one is with people one likes all places 
are agreeable. 

» Mrs. Foley (bom Uiritt). 


My sisters desire their best conipliments to ycm ; my 
sister Granville* joins with me in the same to Mm. 
Foley : her acquaintanoe will make ns wety happy, and we 
are much obliged to her for being desirous of ours. My 
brother^ was here about a fortnight ago, but is again re- 
turned to Long Leat ; he rambles so much abocrt^ tiiai I 
must beg you'll not enclose your letters to him, fw I am 
always too impatient for them, to be delayed that plea- 
sure longer than I ought. I entreat you, dear cotMn, 
not to be so cei^emonious as to write to me oftcner than 
is convenient to you, for I had rather be deprived of a 
very sincere satisfaction than that you should do anything 
that might be the least prejudical to your health, wlneh 
is most truly wished you by, dear Miss Granville, 

Your most affectionate and faithfol, 

G. Granville.' 

Mrs. Pendarvei to Mrs. Ann Qranville, 

22Dd Jan., 178»-iie. 

After such a day of confusion and fatigue as yesterday, 
my dearest sister I am sure is too reasonable to expect 
my head should be composed enough to wrii» a folio, 00 
I very prudently, knowing my own strength, undertake 
but a quarto. 

Lady Dysart, Miss Dashwood, and I went together. 
My clothes you know. I was curled, powdered, and 

^ «' My $i$ter Qranvilh." The Ilonoiirable Ann GrtUTille, eldaii dM^iler 
of George L()rd Lansdown. 

' " My brother.*' Lord Weymouth. 

* The Ilonourahlo Grace Granville, daughter of Lord Lansdowno, married 
Thomas Foley, Esq., (afterwards created Itarou Foley,) on the 28th of March, 


decked with silyer ribbon, and was told by critics in the 
art of drese that I was well dressed. Lady Dysart was 
in searl^ dmrwiftk gown, facings and robings embroidered 
with gold and colours, her petticoat white satin, all 
^vered with emlwroidery of tiie same sort, very fine and 
haoldsame, but her gaiety was all external, for at her heart 
she is the nwst tcretc/ied virtuom woman tliat I know ! / b 
The gentle Dash^ was in bine damask, the picture ofj 
iBodesty, 4nd looked excessively pretty. She danced, and 
was only just so much out of countenance as to show she 
had no opinion of her own performance, but courage 
enough to darice very well. The Princess's clothes were 
white sstin the petticoat, robings, and facings covered 
with a rich gold net, and upon that flowers in their 
natuiul colours embroidered, her head crowned with 
jewels ; and her behaviour, (as it always is,) affable and 
obliging to everybody. The Prince was in old clothes 
and not well ; he was obliged to go away very early. 
The Duchess of Bedford's clotlies were the most remark- 
ably fine, though finery was so common it was hardly 
distinguished, and my little pretension to it, you may 
imagine, was easily eclipsed by such superior bright- 
ness. The Duchess of Bedford's petticoat was green 
paduasoy, embroidered very richly with gold and silver 
and a few colours ; the pattern was festoons of shells, 
coral, com, corn-flowers, and sea-weeds ; everything in 
different works of gold and silver except the flowers and 
coral, the body of the gown white satin, with a mosaic 
pattern of gold facings, robings and train the same of 
the petticoat ; there was abundance of embroidery, and 

' '' TJte gtntUDashr Mrs. Diisliwood. 



many people in gowns and petticoats of different coloan. 
The men were as fine as the ladies^ but we had no Lord 
Clanricard*^ My Lord Baltimore was in light brawa 
and silver, his coat lined quite throughout with ermine* 
His lady looked like a frightened owl, her looks sfamtted 
out and most furiously greased, or rather gammed and 
powdered ;^ Lady Percival very fine in white satin, em- 
broidered with gold and silver ; Lady Carteret in a 
feuille mort uncut velvet, trimmed with silver flounces — 
grave and handsome ; Miss Carteret a flowered silk with 
coloured flowers, aad glittering with all her mama's 
jewels ; she danced with a very good air, her person is 
really fine ; but my Lady Carteret's agreeable countenance 
and easy air pleased me more than younger beauties* 
Miss Fortescue looked like Cleopatra in her bloom ; I 
thought her tke hxmdsomest woman at the ball ; she was 
in pink and silver, and very well drest. The Duchess of 
Queensbury was remarkably fine for her, had powder, and 
was tolerably dressed ; she had put on all her best airs, and 
certainly shewed she had still a right to be called '* heaa* 
tifuiy My Lord Carlisle, his lady, son, and two daugh- 
ters,^ were all excessively fine. But I grow sick of thq 
word ''fne " and all its appurtenances, and I am sure 

> John Smith, 11th Earl of Clanricarde, sucoooded his father in 1726. He 
married Hester, youngest daughter of Sir Henry Vincent, Burt., and died 
April 21, 1782, when he was succeeded by his eldest son, Henry, who in 1785 
was created Marquess of Clanricarde. 

* This is the first allusion made to the wife of Lord Baltimore, snd one of 
the vtry few instances when Mrs. Peodarves permitted herself to joke ^ 
tl)e absence of j)ersonal charms. ^ 

• Henry, 4th Eari of Carlisle, married in 1717, Lady Frances Spenctf, 
daughter of Charles, 3rd Earl of Sunderland. Tlieir two dauji^ten irare— Ar»» 
bclla, married to Jonathan Cope, Esc]. ; Diana, married to Thomas Dunoombe^ 
Esq. The sons died in their father's fifetime. 


yat'taantiaioii^-^ih, ^e ball begwn atsunet-aad:! 
]iA>.tIiflMMMtf%«^a9ed,ai Ihe boor of tw«Iv»;. Lady 
RfMrt wtebfaiiged/togoibetireea ttn and eleren to her 
MD^-fll-bnd iioxi,9ad Dash aodl were.f^ to valk 
tft J bB fai ttiHfeft tumiMiiy biokft np^ bj sAieb maiiB ^w* 
gakitkiSyi'buMwtAuia, ■.'■•')■■'■ .■..,-.. -^-i: .].■.•■• -,,■ n,,, 
•m-j .lIiJi^^. !,.;,iiv. -r ■!.. ■ / • , , ■ ,....[ , ■■,;..,■(} 
t JK Jv'i-.'ri). I I, -I . ^ '" . . , '■ I ■■■>■.■■■"■■ <* 

^^ Cli^^Ti!iiM% r vte at ToAy NorUi's, to see an tha 
fine clothes tbat were madii for the Hrthday. Lady 
Scarborough was iichly dr^ssM, the Dachess of Bedftwd 
Very fine, Mrs. Spencer bad a white Telvet, bnt the Du- 
chess of Queensbury vras such as ^lU)iild be Etton tit 
"courts, and femts, and ki^h solefnttities, when moit 
tnay vxmder at the toorkmansh^ ■" her clothes were 
embroidered upon white, satin, with vine leaves and 
convolvolus's, and rose-buda, shaded after nature ; but 
she, m herself, was so far beyond the master-piece of art 
tbat one could hardly look at her clothes — allowiDg for 
her a^ /never saw so beautiful a creature. 

iCas Bolunaon agaia writes ■.~-~ 

Whitehall, 1710. 

We had company at dinner on Monday, and in the after- 
noon I went to Lord Oiford's ball, at Mary-le-bone. It 
was very agreeable ; I will give you the list of company as 
they danced. The Duchess and Lord Foley, the Duke 
and Mrs. Pendarves, Lord Dupplin and Dash, Lord George 

Ifrt. Ann OranvUle to the Lady Thnckmorton^at TT-^' 


Gloaoester, ; .^ 

A very disagreable succession of colds U|>- 
friends has prevented my returning dearebi 
thanks for her lust favour. I always rejoicw 
you, as I should much more to see you, OQU^. 
how long it is since 1 was so happy, auu 
year will be more fortunate to me than tii 
I am sure il' I were never to see you a^ 
always love you, because I think you faith; 
I should have began my letter with tlu 
upon the season, but I feel my heart as /. 
good of my friends in every month of th^ 
ixry, and beg you w^ill believe my wisln 
your happiness and your *' oum Sir R(>beti\<y 
may continue each others as long as you I 
city of loving, and that I believe will be *' 
that leaves you. 


and Fidget,^ Lord Howard and Idiss C. 

ville and Miss Tatton, Mr. Hay and auui. 

The partners were chosen by their faiv^, 

supercherie in the case. I believe oul 

failed, so our worthy cousin, Sir T— t 

came ; but when he had drawn Mi£i> 

would not dance with her ; but Mr. I^ ?i \ 

more canonical diversion) had chosen c:i ' -ii 

the poor forsaken lady. The knight ho^' 

great fortitude, and, to make amends^ pr* 

lected fair a hall at his house. 

1 1« 

Fldgot,'* herself. 


I have a question to ask yon, ray dearest Kitty, that 
reqtiires all yonr secrecy and pradehce, (which I depend 
tipon,) and for yotrr truth I cannot doubt it ; therefore 
withoirt any preamble I desire you will inform me what 
Sir Robert's real opinion is of Mr. Dewes and your's, if 
you know him. There is a person he is recommended to, 
but she is quite a stranger to him and is my friend, and 
therefofm I make an inquiry about him, but I must entreat 
thit not a word of it be mentioned to anybody, because 
tiie thing is an entire secret. The person I speak of has 
no notion of happiness in a married life, but what must 
proceed from an equality of sentiments and mutual good 
opinion i and therefore she would be glad to know if 
Mr. D — has agreeable conversation, generous principles, 
and is not a lawyer in his manners. I remember Sir 
Eobert told me something about him at the Bath, but I 
have forgot what ^ Once more, my dear friend, be secret 
and never by word, look, or gesture discover what I 
have said to you : when I am allowed to say more I will ; 
and answer my letter as soon as you can. Don't enclose 
your letter to the Duke, but send it directly to me at 
Grloucester by way of London, and let me know your 
direction. I rejoice Mrs. CoUingwood is well, and beg 
my compliments to her. Are you not all froze to icicles ? 
There never was known such weather, but I hope you 
preserve a warm corner in your heart for her who is 

My dear Lady I'hrock.'s 

Most faitliful aftectionate, 


P.S. — Our dear Dachess is so well that she frolics at 
Frost fair, and does all sorts of merry pranks. How does 


music flourish in your household ? with me, alas ! it dies. 
What is become of the merry skeleton Mr. Watkins? 

I mourn the lose of your old gertant ; if you hear of 
a proper place for the young woman I mentioned to you, 
I am sure you wiU not forget her. 

The abbvc letter of Ann GhranTille to Lady Thxcekmortonr it 
another carious instance of the way matches were arrangBd a.liiitv> 
dred and twenty years ago, and how gentlemen wexa am9Ud tj 
being '' recommended " to the lady of their fimcy by a mutual inend^ 
before they were personally made known to her. It appears that 
such a friend had recommended Mr. Dewes to the favourable con- 
sideradon of Mrs. Ann Granville, upon which she wrote to her 
confidant and correspondent, Lady Throckmorton, to know her 
opinion, and that of Sir Bobert, of the individual named ; Teory 
discreetly speaking of herself as her own *^ friend.'' 

Mrs. Ann OranviUe to the Lady Throckmorton, at Waton UnderwdoJf ikear 

Otdney, Jiuok$, 

Glottceeter, 20 Feb. 173&h40 

I rejoice tiO hear by your letter, my dearest Lady 
Throck., that you are well again, though you don't tell me 
of what you have lain in, whether poetical fancy's lively 
imaginations, or a little infant full of blooming graces — I 
hope the last, but as children are precarious blesnftgs 
I am airaid to be too particular in my inquiries. In h<^)68 
of your gratifying my curiosity I will satisfy youWj by 
telling you the guess teas right. I am sure my fiiend 
thinks herself excessively obliged for the warmth and 
goodness you express for her happiness ; in every condi- 
tion of life your friendship must be a vast increase erf it, 
or alleviate any misery Providence shall please to in^ 

»L1** r. 


flict uponber. The inquiries Sir Robert would be so good 
io'ja^kemXl Bot now signify, because tlie parties ars to 
nmt in about a fortnight to see if they like well enough 
on eaeh side (for at present they are strangers) to penniit; 
any procedure in the aflSgiir^ and ^en friends will be eon» 
suited, and they will consider all particulars. But my 
friend was in hopes that he lived near you in Buckingham- 
shire, ^xA indeed that would be a great inducement to 
hef to listen to it, for she would be most happy to settle in 
yiiur neighbourhood, for she loves the charming Kitty, 
and admires " your own Sir Robert " more than she can 
express, I shew the confidence I have in your secrecy 
and truth by speaking so freely of what is at present un- 
known to all the world but two people : how it proceeds 
you shall hear. My friend thinks a chez nous with a 
man of sense and worth is preferable to the unsettled 
life she now leads, and being continually divided in her 
heart what friend to remain with ; for wliile she is with one 
the other wants her, and makes a perpetual uneasiness 
in her mind. Your advice will always be of service and 
pleasure to her ; but she can never expect so much happi- 
ness as you wish her, because she is not qualified to give 
mjnuch. I hope Sir Robert is quite well again. I beg 
my compliments to him and Mrs. CoUingwood. I am 
ashamed to send you a letter of so little entertainment, but 
I have really a bad cold ; an hours conversation with you 
would be infinite delight to, my dearest Lady Throck- 
morton, Your most obliged and aiTectionate, 


Let me hear from you soon, and don't mention to 
Pen when you write the suljjcct of our present corres- 


spondence. Don't you think their balls at Whitehall are 
pretty things ? Our dear Dnchess continues very well. 
If Sir Bobert is not well you must come to Bath thin 
spring. By these blots you will certainly bdieve tn^ 
ontetc, but indeed I am not. 

From the injunction not to mention to Mrs. Pendarvea Am 
meeting arranged for Mr. Dowcs to be presented to Ann GxuiyiUe^ 
it is evident tliat Mr& Pendarves was NOT the '' mutual ifiend". 
who recommended Mr. Dewes, but it might possibly have been 
Mr. Granville, as it is hardly to be supposed tliat any one less nearly 
related and of less influence would have induced Ann Granville 
to keep this secret from her sister, and he would naturally expect 
Mrs. Pendarvcs*6 advice must be on^i-matrimonial. 

Mrt, Pendarves to Mrs. Ann OranvUle, <d Glcuce»ter» 

25th Febrmry, HSMa ^ 

After my desponding letter, I ought to write to you 
in my joy, and I have much more to tell you aboiiC 
our lovers than either time or eyes will allow me to 
write. But first, in my brother's name and xaf own, 
T must tlumk our dear good mama for her kind 
present of good things, and you for yours. Your 
account of her is not right, but we hope in Gk)d that 
as soon as the sharp winds and ice soften, her com- 
plaints will melt away. There is no such thing in 
London as fish, or she had had some long ago, in hopes 
that a new dish might tempt her to eat. I was very 
much pleased at your submitting to bo let blood ; I 
should have done the same had I time, but now I am 
so much better I don't want it. 


Yesterday M^ lawr^ dined here, and went through 
the trayels of Hercules before he could come to his 
Omphale, for he was obliged to pay away above £20,000 
in the morning, and was in every comer of the town ; 
but he came to us at four ; I don't know which looked 
most modest of the two, and both behaved very pro- 
perly. After dinner and coffee we left them alone, and 
he made a declaration of his passion, and said everything 
that was proper ; Miss Grace * is perfectly well pleased 
with his behaviour. Mrs. P.^ made the sisters a visit in 
the morjiing, in the afternoon I sent Miss Granville* to 
Lady Wa". ball as my deputy, and went with the bride 
elect to Mr. Foley's. She played at whisk with father, 
lover, and sister, whilst Madam and I had a tete-a-tete to 
our mutual satisfaction ; we all wish for you every mo- 
ment. To-day we dine at Mr. Foley's — to morrow all 
dine with me; the young man goes out of town on 
Monday, and stays three weeks, but 'tis unavoidable. 

I am now at our new ally's ; everything goes as our 
hearts can wish, and truly for so fair a prospect, Cupid 
and his hearts may well be accepted without fearing the 
lurking chain. The devise, the verses^ and the letter are 
excessively pretty. 

' Mr. Foley. 

* " Miss Grace.*' — Grace Granville, daughter of George TiOrd Lansdown. 

■ **Mra. Folfcy,** bom Unitt, step-mother to Mr. Foley, *' Qie lover" of 
Grace Granville. 

* **Mi88 OranviUe,** The Honourable Anne Granville. 


Mrs. Pcndarves to Mrs, Ann OranvtUe, 

Brook Street, 29 March, 1739-40. 

This moment we are returned from Audley Chapel, 
where we have been witness of the union of two people^ 
that seem made for the happiness of each other. It has 
at last been concluded in so great a hurry* that I hardly 
think I am awake, but fear I shall start and rub my eyes, 
as out of a dream, before I can finish my letter. The writ- 
ings were signed this morning, and at twelve all the com- 
pany assembled in the vestry. Lord Foley and my brother 
were the bridemen ; Miss Granville and our Miss Foley the 
bridemaids. My Lord's sister is not well, and can't come 
amongst us ; the bride and bridegroom look modest bat 
well pleased. Lord Weymouth gave her away ; at eight 
all the company meet at the Bedford Head Tavern, where 
my Lord Weymouth gives a very fine supper, there is to 
be the harper, and we are to play at cards. Lord Wey. 
Sir John Stanley, the bride and bridegroom, MisB Gran- 
ville and my brother dine with me, that is with my brother, 
for he gives the dinner, which is a very handsome one. 
I think I have told you abundance, considering the en- 
gagements of the day. At night Gran and I put the 
bride to bed at her father's house,^ she has behaved herself 
c»xcessively well, and so has he in every particular. They 
go out of town to-morrow morning, and propose being at 

> The Honourable Qracc Qranvillc, diiiighter of (George Lord iMxmikiwwk^ nmr- 
ricd Tlio. Foley, of Stoke Edith, Esq., in the connty of Hereford ; uid on Um 
doath of Lord Foley, 1766, his estates were inherited by his oousin abow 
tione<i, and the title, by a new creation, continued to him. 

> ^^ In 9 great a hurry,** Mr. Foley proposed on 24th February « and 
married 20tli March, but the matcli was evidently arranged by frienda befura 
tliey met, (►nly Icavinj:^ them frec<loni of dt-cision aftcnvards. 

• " Her fathers Jionse/* George IjOhI Lansdowne. 

Qbnoester on . Tuesday night or Wednesday noon. I 
shall enyy tiiem tue pleasure of seeing you and my dear 
mama.' ' Your new' cousin* very readily and thankfully 
aM^' of ii^'kiiia ^vitation ; I hope next Tuesday to 
iNi'Sffiliittbitend yptii c6mp6sed le^^ - l^ow, I can oply^ 
m^ jim V-Hii^- diilf'dear I)dch«d& yislfterd^^ which was a 
gtetk^B(yiod(,'^lluiVe of lat^ haa Init few qi^x^- 

n«5iiJ.'^.'1^cOtti^jr'caH me. 

-jhv.-'-..n .(vi'-... ■?; ;-. -•'...■ . Adieu; ybtirb evei'. '' 

^'"' •'■''''■■ '•"• '"iB* Ptit^anaM Mr$. Ann GrtrnviOe. ". 

ydl y;»i'>'-! ".lA -.r .. S2 April, 1740. 

^^TR9br'KtferH» iiiy brother 'hafli cheered my sptrits a 

gto^^'; I ildnl: Mr; Dew^ behaves liimself like a 

i^-df^^senM; "atid'^ri^ regard for you that must, re-' 

oi)9ill^iyi^ ImA^ to the fav6ur of all your fd^ds. Ky 

Itfoflieit^iiiid ndyself wiU i^eceive hith with a great deal of 

pl^aiiure ias soon as his business permits him to come to 

Tis, which I find will not be this week, and I can't see 

any obstacle to prevent the proceeding of this affair. As 

soon as we have met, and that he has settled with my 

brother, then we may proceed to particulars, buying 

wedding clothes, and determining where the ceremony is 

to be. Miss Sutton has got the small-pox, but, thank 

Gfod ! in all appearance she will have it favourably ; I 

should not have told you now, but suppose Mrs. Gibbs 

may have an account, and as you love the dear little girl, 

I was afraid you might be frightened to have the account 

from other hands ; yesterday was the second day, Dr. Sliaw 

is her physician, and she has no one bad symptom. It 

will be a great blessing if she recovers to liave it over. 

* " Your new cousin.** Mr. Foley. 


Sir Robert and my Ijady Sunderland are gone to Mr. 
Sutton's house in Audley Street, and keep up their spirits 
very well. Mrs. Tichbome is chief nurse. I own I am 
surprized Mrs. Pulteney does not undertake the charge, 
who nursed three of her own daughters so suocessfolly, 
and is mare to be depended upon than Bess, who is 
ignorant and conceited. The newspapers say Sir Francis 
Child* is dead — I fear it is true ; Mrs. Carey told me one 
day last week that he lay dangerously ill. What riches 
flow in on Sara Child, who has not a heart to enjoy it ! 
and how many fine things that he does not understand 
the worth of ! 

Last Saturday I went a most notable expedition. I told 
you it was to be, and designed you an elaborate descrip- 
tion of our performance ; but my head is not dear 
enough for such a task. Our company you know : we 
sat out, two hackney-coaches full, from Whitehall at ten. 
Our first show was the mid beasts in Covent Gtarden ; 
from thence to St. Bartholomew's Hospital — the staircaee 
painted by Hogarth, the two subjects the Good Samaritan 
and the Impotent Man ; firom thence to Faulkner's, the 
famous lapidary, where we saw abundance of fine things, 
and the manner of cutting and polishing pebbles, Ac. ; 
then to Surgeons' Hall to see the famous picture of 
Holbein's of Harry the Eighth, with above a doien 
figtu^a in it all portraits; then to the Tower and 
Mint — the assa}nng of the gold and silver is very cnrioiis ; 
saw lions^ porcupines, &c., armour and arms in abun- 
dance ; from thence to Pontack's to a very good dinner ; 

* April, 1740, died, Sir Francis Child, Knight, Prendent of Christ's Bos- 
] ital, and Kniglit of tbo Shire for Middlesex. He was Lord Mayor in the year 


and then proceeded to tlie round church in Stwks 
Market — a most beautiful building. 

This ifl the first letter preserved from Mrs. Pcndarrca in which 
there is any aUusion to Mr. Dcwcs. Her proviwns UtHcr, on the 29th 
ofMarch, did not mention him in any way, and it must haro been 
within the twenty-one sub8i.'(]iicnt days that sht was informed of 
his proposal to Ann Grnn%-illc, and of her intention of accepting 
him. The letters of Mrs. Pcndarvcs not having been preserr'cd 
on this occasion, leads to the inference that (if not hostile) she was 
not very (avoiirablc to his suit ; and in the present It-ticr the sen- 
tences in regard to him are so few and measured, that it niTords a 
con6rmation of llie probabic fact that she did not think of her 
meter's marrying him with satisfaction ; and although too honest 
not to give Mr. Dcwea the commendation which she believed he 
deserved, yet that she could not bring herself to enlarge upon the 
subject, but was glad to make it as short as possible, and to fill her 
teller with other indifferent sulijects. It must olso be remarked 
lliat Mr. Dewes was apparently only known to Mrs. Pendarves by 
report. It is moreover evident that Mv. Cirenville «'«« the person 
to vhiHn the principal communications were made in relation to this 

Smith says, in his "Antiquarian Gamble," that "in Christ 
Church Passage, leading from Newgate Street to Christ Church, 
nearest to Bagnio Court, stood the ordinary of the once famous 
Pontack, probably the first house for genteel accommodation in 
eating known in the metropolis. It was opened by a person of this 
name, soon afW the great Revolution in 1688, and remuned till 
about the year 1780, since which the site has been occupied by 
the new vestry. This house was called Pontack's, from its being 
the sign of Mr. Pontack, who was a president of the Parliament 
of Bordeaux, and from whom also the best French clarets derii'ed 
their name. This was the first public place where persons could 
bespeak a dinner from four or five shiUinga a head lo a guinea." 
The Stocks Market was a fine market for fruits, roots, and herbs. 

Stow stat«s, that Henry Wallis, Lord Mayor in I2S2, caused 



divers houses to be built towards the maintenanee of the bridge in 
a void place, almost in the middle of the city, where had formerly 
stood a pair of stocks for the punishment of oiTcnders, and appointed 
near them a market-place for fish and flesh, which took its name 
from the stocks once placed there and was called Stocks' ^market' 
In 1322, 17 Edw. II., a decree was made that none should sell 
fish or flesh but in the public markets of the city, which were 
then but four besides this, and then this market was fanned at 
46/. 13«. Ad, per ann. From this time the market grew bigger, 
and other houses were built about it, insomuch that in the year 
1543, there were so many stalls and chambers in and about it as 
were let at 82/. 3^. per ann. At the conduit in this market was 
erected a statue of King Charles II. in armour, with his head un- 
covcretl, all carved in marble upon a large and lofty pedestal, 
eighteen foot high, represented trampling on an enemy with his 
horse's feet ; the conduit is enriched with his arms within a com- 
partment offafies, and finely cut in stone. ** Here," says Pennant, 
" stood the iamous equestrian statue erected in honour of Charles II. 
by his most loyal subject. Sir Kobert Viner, Lord Mayor." The 
statue was removed in 1738, when the present Mansion-House was 
built on what was formerly the Stocks' Market. Behind the 
Mansion-Housc is the church of St. Stephen's Walbrook, the chcf- 
d*oeu>Te of Sir Christopher Wren. 

In allusion to the Duchess of Portland's expedition widi Mrs. 
Pendarves to see the City sights Mrs. Donellan writes to Miss 

Hobinson as follows — 

London, April, 1740. 

^' Since mj last I passed a most agreeable day with 
your friend and mine. The Duke and Dnehess of Port- 
land proposed a jaunt into the City, to see City shows, 
and were so obliging as to ask me (with Mrs. Pendarves) 
to be of the party. We were four men, four women ; 
our fourth woman was Lady Wallingford, whom I never 
saw before, but she seems good-humoured and civil ; 
our four men, the Duke, Lord Dupplin, Mr. Achard, and 


Doctor Sliaw,' all new to me. We set out at ten in two 
hackney coaches, and stopped at ei-trythiruf thai had a 
name, between us and the Tower, going; and coming, and 
dined at a City tarern. I am not apt to fall in easily 
with strangers ; but there was such an agreeable freedom 
in the whole company, and especially in the amiable l>u- 
ches8, that I never spent a more agreeable day. For our 
dessert the Duchess and I had a conversation concerning 
you, of more flavour than the finest fruit ; I won't tell 
yon what we said, but that we agreed in our opinions." 

Mn. Elitoh lo Mil. Ann OranriQe. 

Whilelmll, May Sth, 1740. 

T have nothing to say for myself, my dear Miss Gran- 
ville on account of long silence, but a repetition of what 
I told you in my last, that my dear little charmers allow 
me but very little leisure. You desired me in yours, not 
to let them foi^et you, and I can assure you, they do not. 
As a proof of it I must let you know, how much you are 
in Lady Harriett's * favour. It is not long since she was 
to go to her Grace, as usual after dinner ; but suspecting 
there was company, and being in one of her little shy 
humours, she could not be prevailed upon to go in till 
she was told there was " nobody but Mrs. Pendarves and 
Miss Granville ;" upon which she ventured in ; but when 
she found it was not you, she ran out and burst out a 
crying, and said it " was not her Miss Granville." How- 
ever she is now become very fond of Miss Granville, and 

' The traveller. 

' Lady Harriet Beotinck, wLo after warila married George Harry,' 5th Earl of 
Siamfofd and WairiogUni. 



says she loves her for your sake, as she says she does 
also Mr. Granville, " because he is your brother." I need 
say nothing to you of Lady Betty ; you are well ac- 
quainted with her admirable temper. I dare say she has 
as great an affection for you as her sister has, though 
she does not express so much : she learns exceedingly well, 
and loves her book and me entirely ; nor is she ever 
more happy than when she is with ine, and we study 
together, even by candle-light, like two old folks. 

I want nothing here to make my happiness complete 
as this world can make it, but the pleasure of seeing 
Mrs. Pendarves oftener, who is entirely engrossed by her 
Grace. I can send you nothing new from hence ; Mrs. 
Pendarves can do it better, who hears and sees more 
than I do, who I know so frequently entertains you 
agreeably in that way. We begin to talk of going to 
Bulstrode, where I long to be, because I shall I hope to 
have the honour of more of her Grace's company — ^for 
it is impossible to have any of it here ; and I am not 
without hopes I shall be made happy by seeing dear 
Miss Granville there before we return, which will add 
greater delight to the place. In the meantime I shall 
please myself with those hopes, and continue for ever to 
be your 

Most grateful and most affectionate servant, 

Elizabeth Elstob. 

The following pages are part of a letter of Mrs. Pendarves. It 
appears to be an account given her by an eye-witness of the xeoep- 
tion of Princess Mary of Hesse on her marriage. 

Her Eoyal Highness the Princess Mary of Hesse set 
out from London June the 6tli, and arrived at Millena- 

■J. ^v M,^-. vhd 

or MBS. DELANV. 87 

liall the 15th — a huntiag seat of the Prince Sta^ltholder 
of Hesse (which they say is the proper appdJation of the 
bridegroom's father), and about three German miles froai 
(-'assel ; from whence a message was sent to notify her 
I>eing come thither. The next day tlie Prince and 
Princess of Orange, the Prince Stadlioider and tlie 
Bridegroom, tlie Prince and Princess Maximilian, with 
the three I*rincesses their daughters. Princess Mary erf 
Hesse, and Prince Geoige, came to MillensImU to dine 
with her Koyal Highness, who was almost drowned in 
tears for whom so much magnificence was prepared. 
When they alighted from their coaches, the Prince Stad- 
holder went first to make his compliments to the Princess, 
with whom he stayed a very little while ; then he in- 
troduced Prince Frederick, and after about a cjuai-ter of 
an hour's conversation, the Princess Royal' was ad- 
mitted for a few minifies ; then Prince Frederick con- 
ducted Ilia Bride into the apartment wliore the rest of 
the company were assembled, and soon afler they went 
to dinner. About seven in the evening they returned to 
Caesel, leaving the Bride to enjoy her solitude at Millens- 
hall till the next day, when all the company who 
dined with her met her about half a German mile oat 
of town, where there were tents pitched — the Prince and 
Princess of Orapge conld not be there on account of 
precedency. Prom thence began the cavalcade for tiie 
entry, which was exceedingly grand,- — a desoription of 
which is published by authority in the Cassel Gazette. 
In the evening, the nuptials were performed in one of the 
great rooms of the castle ; the Bride was in the same dress 


in which she was married by proxy. They afterwards 
supped in public. When the dessert was taken off, they 
stood up to drink the King of Great Britain's health, at 
which the cannon from the ramparts were fired. The 
King of Sweden's and the Bride and the Bridegroom*! 
healths were drank in the same manner. Then the Frinoe 
and Princess and the great officers of the court danced the 
mystical dance, or Hymeneal dance, the manner of which 
is this : all the nobility, and great officers of the court and 
amy, with white flambeaux Ugbted in their hands, hefpn 
a dance to a very solemn tune, and the Princess and bride- 
groom bring up the rear ; after which the rest of dancera 
dance themselves into a circle, the Bride and Bridegroom 
being in the middle ; then they divide into two lines, the 
Bridegroom leads his Bride to her apartment, the danoers 
following two and two with their torches to the door of 
the bedchamber, where they all stopped and put out 
their flambeaux with great silver extinguishers. 

The next day all the officers both civil and mili- 
tary, and the clergy, were presented to her Boyal High- 
ness. At night there was a pubUc supper and a ball ; 
after the minuets were ended they danced a few Englinh 
country dances. The 19th, they dined in public, and 
went to the Orangerie, in the afternoon where they 
played at cards and supped. After supper they formed a 
grand cavalcade, from whence they proceeded throngh 
the old and new towns of Cassel, both which were finely 
illuminated ; especially the triumphal arches which were 
erected at the several gates. They then returned to the 
Orangerie, and the evening was concluded with a baU. 
Tlie next day after dinner the Court went again to 
the Orangerie, played at cards and supped as before, and 


then walked in the gardens, wJiich were finely illumi- 
nabjd ; particuhirlj an eminence at tlie end of a great 
walk was contrived to cast out fire in imitation of Mount 
Vesuvius. The next day, which was Saturday, was a 
review of horse and foot guards ; and at night a ball at 
Court wliich concluded the week's festival. 

There was at the public dinners and suppers IHO 
covers, and the form of the tables represented an F and 
M ; the whole was conducted with surprizing magni- 
ficence, and the English, who were present treated with 
all marks of distinction and politeness. 

The London Magazine states : " On Thursday the Sth of May, 
1740, the Princesa Mary, daughter of King George 11. and Quceu 
Caroline, waa married (o the Prince Frederic of Hesse Caasel, her 
brather die Duke of Cumberland acting as procurator." On Friday 
the 6Ui of June following, the Princess embarked at Greenwich on 
board the "Mary" yacht, and proceeded to IIcssc Casscl. On 
Thursday the 17th of July, tlie same Magazine announces that the 
Czarina haa conferred the Order of St. Catlierine on H.R.K. the 
Princess of Hesse. On the last Sunday of the same month the 
Prince Frederic and his bride waited upon King George 1!. at 




Marriage witu D& Delany. 

The Htmhk. Mrs. Fdey io Mr9. I>9we$} 

Stoke, Angost 24tb, 1740. 

If the warmest wishes of a most sincere friend can 
add to your happiness you'll be the happiest womaa in 

I Dea Eu>€$f cTEweSy DewSy DetoeB. This family descended from Otho diet 
Ewes, of the duchy of Queldcrland, who was ancestor of Gerard d«t Ewo^ 
Dynaste, or lord of the territory of Keasel, yrho married Anne^ daughter <iftlM 
Prinoe de Home, and whose descendant Adrian, younger btotber of the Loid 
of Kessel, came into England when that duchy had heen depopulatod in ikB 
wars hy intestine discord. Adrian des Ewes came to England in the leigpi of 
Henry VIII., and died of the sweating sickness 5th Edward VI. Hk gnnd- 
sou Sir Paul, was the hther of the famous Sir Symood d^Ewea. The ImIL 
baronet was Sir Jermyn d'Ewcs, of Stow Ilall, Suffolk, who died at Theilbidt 
in Norfolk, April, I73I. He was named after his maternal gnndfiithery 
Thomas Lord Jermyn, whose title became extinct 1708. John d*EiPei, the 
husband of Ann Granville, was descended from the third eon of Qenid (or 
Geeiardt) son of Adrian, who with Alice Ilavenscroft his wife, was boned on* 
der the fine monument in the church of St. Michael Baasishaw, London, men- 
tioned in Weever*s Antiquities. John d*£wc8 was son of Goort D^Ewee of 
Maplcbury and grandson of Richard d^Ewes of Coughton, who married liaiy 
daughter and co-heir of Edmund Court of Maplebury. Curioos aoooonta 
may be found of the Des Ewes family, EUa Rensweri, Basil. Geneol. Ac8tQ»- 
nmi— Edit. Francfort, 1592, p. 102.— Oenealogical IlUtoi^ <f the Neiherimdi^ 
Book 5, p. 2 to 7. Printed 1609. E$cheaU Zith Elixaheth, Pari ls<, Ko. XL 
EneXf in the Archives. 


the world, my dearest consia Dewcs, and I most; ht?artily 
wbh you every blessing which can be possibly posscst iii 
this world. The character I hear of Mr. Dewes gives 
me the greater satisfaction imaginable, for with sudi a 
partner your friends, I thank Uod, liave no doubt to make 
of your happiness, which will be, I hope, of long con- 
tinuance. I much wish to be acquainted with my new 
cousin, to whom, though at present unknown, coming 
from you, I hope will accept my compliments and sincere 
congratulations on this occasion. Of his happiness I am 
certain, as everybody must be who knows your merit. 
I hope you got safely to your own house, where I heartily 
wish you to live to enjoy many happy happy years. I 
was forced to beg the favour of dear Penny to convey this 
epistle to you, not knowing how to direct, and I could 
not defer letting you know how filled my heart is with 
affection to you. Mr. Foley's compliments wait on tlie 
Bride and Brid^room ; there is no one, I am sure, who 
is more sincere than he ia in his congratulations, nor 
wishes you more truly happy. I am desired to make 
the compliments of this family to you both, and like- 
wise to retom my cousin Dewes thanks for the interest 
he ^ves Mr. Leckmere and Fit. Mrs. Leckmere is at 
present at Stoke, but leaves us to-morrow ; she is an ex- 
tremely agreeable woman. I have eloped this evening 
from all tJie company, being resolved nothing should 
hinder me following my inclination in assuring you bow 
well and how sincerely you are well-wiehed by. 
Dear cousin. 

Tour faithful and aflfectionate G. Foley. 
P.S. Mrs. Foley hopes you received her letter. We 
had an infinite deal of company here on Saturday (the 
fashionable day amongst the Granvilles), but I was 


absent in thought from them the whole day, and I wished 
I could have conveyed my person to Gloster where my 
heart and good wishes were all the day. 

Poor Mrs. Griffiths has been such a comedy and 
trcujedi/ as I never saw ; she says, " Poor soul, I wish her 
all the happiness this world can afford her." Bloxom^ 
hopes you won't think her pert in bearing ''duty** and 
" wishinjjoyy 

As Mrs. Pendarvcs' correspondence with her sister appean to 
have ceased during the latter end of May, June, and July, it is to 
be supposed that Ann Granville came to London to make prepa- 
rations for her marriage, which appears to have taken place in 
August of the same year (1740), after which Mrs. Pendanres 
remained with her mother at Gloucester. From the time of 
that marriage there is not a word which does not indicate that 
Mrs. Pendarvcs not only had reconciled herself to a third person 
sharing licr sister's regard, but that she had, with that disinterested 
affection which formed so prominent a part of her character, satis- 
fied lier mind by discovering the solid merits of Mr. Dewcs, 
whose character evidently rose upon her year by year. It may be 
a matter of surprise at ilrst sight, that Ann Granville should have 
been disposed to listen to the suit of any one not absolutely reoom- 
mendcd by her sister, but many circumstances contributed to induce 
her siletice imtil she had decided for herself. Mr. Dewes was per- 
sonally unknown to Mrs. Pendarvcs, and therefore she could not 
give any individual opinion ; she had so high an opinicm of Ami 
Granville's deserts, that she would have been certain to consider any 
younger brother a very bad match for her, and would have had a 
natural desire to defer a separation of interests, or any change in 
the confidential communications which had hitherto been the solace 
and comfort of their lives for any uncertain or remote advantage. It 
is needless here to explain again that the manner in which Ann 
Granville became acquainted with Mr. Dewes was in accordance 
with the custom of the day, and considered at that time as the 
height of propriety and discretion. Tlrnt Ann Granville should 

* " JJiujcvtii,'' Mrs. Foley's waitiii;;-wuiiiaD. 


have determined to msiTty if sbc met with a pt-rsi m slie liked whose 
principles e}iq could trust, and whose position entitled hira to a 
£ur hearing, is not surprising. She hod rclinquislicd the oRcr of 
a place at Court, which would have separated her entirely from 
her mother, and for whicli she evidently had hail a great inclination ; 
she was not, like her sister, living in the worM and able to clioosc her 
own society. She languished in the old town of Glouwster, from 
whence her occasional escapes to a more congenial atmosphere enabled 
her to strike the balance and decide in liivour of a country homo 
of her own, wiili a companion slio could esteem and love, and 
where she would still be within reach of that mother to whom both 
daughters were devoted. Thus it w^ that tho bcsiitiful and gentle 
Ann Granville married Mr. Dewes, whose descent was as ancient, 
though acrt quite so illustrious a? her own, and wliom she preferred, 
with a ntodemte fortune, to the numerous admirers who had pre- 
viously been rejected because their principles did not keep pace 
with their estates. 

Hiss KohinsoQ writes from BuUtrode, August 21st, to Mrs. 
Doneltan as follows : — 

" Our friend Penny is nnder great anxiety for the change 
her sister is going to make. I do not wonder at her fears. 
I believe both experience and observation have taught her 
the state she is going into is in general less happy than 
that she has left. However, Pip has a good prospect,^ for 
th^ say the gentleman has good sense, good nature, and 
great sobriety : these are very good things ; and indeed 
what a stock of virtues and qaalifications ought to be 
lad in to last out the journey of life ! Where so much 
lies through the nigged ways of adversity, all will hardly 
serve to lengthen love and patience to the end." 

' "A good prosi'ect." From Mn. Dcwcs'h having called herself Proipect, 
il is {jrol^blc the name arose from her friends justifying her marriage on tlie 
gn>und of esjiectations. 



T%e Duchess of Portland to Lady ThroekmorUm. 

BuUtiodc, Auffii. S5th» 174a 

My dear Lady Throck's letter gave me pleasure, but not 
so much as I could have wished if it had brought me the 
news of your perfect recovery, which would be one of the 
greatest joys I can receive. I fancy it has been a good 
deal owing to the badness of the weather, that yon did 
not receive the benefit one could have hoped for, but I 
don t doubt but that you will be the better for it, before 
you leave Tunbridge. I had a letter last week from Doc- 
tor Young ; I am extremely sorry he has been so ill, but 
hope he will still favour us with his company, I design 
troubling of him soon. At present we lead a most stupid 

life. The *S is here, and then, you know, all must 

pass in ceremonials ; Mr. Ford left us yesterday morning 
in order to set out for Cambridge, where his nephew is to 
stand in the room of the Gog or Magog ; in my humble 
opinion a bad project that will cost a great deal of money, 
and I don't know that either of them has it to spare. And 
then besides I could not bear to go and live in a stinking 
inn, six miles from a fine seat which I just now sold. 
That may be pride in me and a wrong way of thinking, 
but I must own to you, it is such a pride as I would not 
conquer ; don't mention this to a mortal I beg, for it is 
not proper it should, but I know you are so indulgent to 
interest yourself in what concerns me that I can't help 
opening my heart to you. 

Thank God, the children are perfectly well ; poor Bill 
has been stung by a wasp upon both his hands to-day, 
but he plays about, and does not mind it. I expect my 
company will stay a month with me ; must I not hope 


for the pleasure of seeing you any part of tliis year ? it 
would make me extremely happy. I hope Sir llobert is 
perfectly well and returned some time to you ; my best 
compliments attend him and Mrs. CoUingwsod who I 
hope continues well. The wind whistles most melan- 
choly; I should not rejoice at the near approach of 
winter, but as I have so i^reeablo a companion with me, 
I can't wish to leave the country. I hope my next 
may be longer, but at present time is very scarce, and I 
have many epistles upon my hands. I heard of two wed- 
dings to-day — Lord Brooke to Lady Bell Fitzruy ' and 
Lord John Sactville to Miss Leveson. ' 

I hear Pip ^ is married. Adieu, 

Ever yours with the most uiifei^ed affection. 

Fidget,* my Lord, Mr. Pots, and Frere Boruivanture 
are yours and Sir Robert's devot«d. 

Tit IIo*i^ Dame A. Oranvil^ to Mrt. Dewes. 

Windaor, j* 26, 1740. 

Accept, &ir cousin, my sincere congratulation on this 
solemn occasion. May all the happiness belonging to a 
matrimonial state attend on you I and though I have not 
the pleasnre of knowing Mr. Bewes, I am sore he knows 
how to distinguish sense, virtue, rehgiou, and merit, by 

> Lady Arabella Fttsroj, dnnghter of Charlei, 2nd Duke of GraAvD, married 
M«y 29, 1741, k) Francis Seymour CoDway, Lord Conway, afterwarda Earl of 

' Lord John Philip Sacltville, 8on of Lionel Duke of Dorset, marriodLady 
Prancia, daughter of John Earl Oon-er. 

' " P^" Ann Gtanville, Mrs. Dewee. . 

* " Fidyet.'" The name given to Mrs. Mont^n on account of ber great activi^ 
of mind and body. Hra. Montagu aaya in one of her letten in speaking of bd 
old-laahioncd table, " Why to mimy legi thould bertquiraito$tandit(U,vAil>t 
I eon rmorr on two, I oam lurpruet me," 

* Eldest daughter of George Lurd I^Dsdown. 



his choice of you. Pray write to me soon, that I may 
have under your own hand that you are as happy as I 
can wish you ; oh, that I could hear you say so by 
word of mouth ! Dear Ann, tell me in your neict that I 
shall have the pleasure soon, and you will please me much. 
How happy all our kindred will be when they meet at 
Stoke and at Newport;* for there I suppose Pen tmd 
Mr. Granville will go. I believe I need not tell y<m I 
wish myself with them — ^you will easily believe I do, 
but since that can't be at present I must be contented with 
thinking over their happiness at a distance, but hope 
next year to be an eye-witness of it. I have heard no 
more particulars in regard to my brother s affidrs but 
what I MH-ote you word of, but flatter myself thej are 
going on in the same train I mention. Betty* desires her 
compliments and best wishes to you, and both desire our 
humble service to Mr. Dewes, who I hope to be ac- 
quainted with. I have not seen the sweet Duchess of 
Portland some time, for Lady Oxford is with her. Mrs. 
Pringdon is well. Madame Jane was here on Sunday, 
and always inquires kindly after you ; I send this letter 
to dear Pen, not knowing how to direct to you — let me 
know in your next letter : but wherever you are may 
heaven protect you with his choicest blessings, are, dear 
Mrs. Dewes, the wishes of your ever 

Paithful and affectionate^ 
A. Granvillk. 

» At ''Stoke and at Neirpart." Stoke Edith Park, and Newport h 
HerefonUhire, belonged to Thomas Foley, Esq., who married Grace, youn^^pat 
daughter of George Lord liansdown, and sister to the writer of this letter, 
lie was afterwards created Tx)rd Foley, having inherited the property of hia 
cousin, the 3rd Lonl Foley, on the decease of that nobleman. 

' -The Ilonourable Elizabeth Granville, afterwards Maid of Honoar to tLa 
Princess of AVnlc^s. 


Mrs, Pendarves to her Bister Mrs, Detves, 

29 Aug. 1740. 

I shall not be able to write to you a comfortable long 
letter till I get to Stoke, for I have ray head and hands 
fiill of afl&irs. I have had an account from Mr. Harbin 
that my Lord Weymouth is settUng his aflGairs, but 
designs to allow his sisters only £200 a year for the entire 
maintenance of both, and' that to depend on his will : 
what a prospect is this for them after the expectations 
he has given them ! I have this day wrote four letters 
in their behalf, which have cost me much thought, and I 
wish they may prove of any service. I have wrote to 
Sir Eobert Worsley,^ Sir John Stanley, Lord Weymouth, 
and Mr. Harbin. I was in hopes to have had this 
afternoon to myself to write you a more intelHgible letter 
than this scrawl will prove, but Dicky Bateman and 

his sister are just Here I was called away last 

night to entertain tliem, they supped with us and have 
set out this morning in most dismal weather for Sliobden 
in Herefordshire, which it seems is but four miles from 
Xewport. This morning I have been at church. You 
are called to mind in all my moments, whether serious 
or gay, and if I had an inclination to forget you, that could 
not happen here, where everybody enquires after you, and 
send you wishes without end, even Beni honoured us 
tliis morning with a compliment on your account. 

The Bishop is not yet returned ; 1 believe he comes 
to-morrow. I have got a very neat tea-chest for Mrs. 

* Sir Robert Worsley, of A]'pul(]ercoiiilK', married in IGOO, Frances, oiily 
daughter of Thomas, 1st Viscount Weymouth, liis daughter Frances, married 
John Ix)rd Carteret, 



Yate, which shall be filled with tea and delivered to her 
as your act and deed ; I saw Mr. Yate at church this 
morning, and he wishes you much joy and happiness ; he 
says very handsome things of my brother Dews, and 
desired his compliments to both. To-morrow, madam, the 
city of Gloucester is to be entertained at Mr. Whitfield's 
great room with the Miser/ performed by ttie celebrated 
Cheltenham strollers, and an assembly and ball; the 
whole to conclude with a supper. The particulars of aU 
these extraordinary affairs I will communicate by word 
of mouth, for I despair of finding time for writing. I 
went to the top of the Tower with my brother, and Mr. 
Newton, and the telescope — it was very fine. I wiriied 
I could have seen Bradley ;^ if I had it woxdd have been 
no easy matter to have removed me firom a spot that 
showed me such a prospect. 

P.S. Mr. Edward Stanley dined with us on Friday, 
and is much yours and your husband's humble servant. 
He went away yesterday morning towards Cheshire. 

From this letter it appears that Mrs. Pendarves must have gone 
to Gloucester with her brother for her sister'g marriage, and 
remained there till she went to visit her cousin, the bride Mrs. 
Foley, at Stoke. 

» Tfie Miser, composed by Henry Fielding, 1733-1744. This play was acted 
with great applause at the Theatre Koyal, Drury Lane. In the IkUly Jommai 
for January 11, 1734, is the following advertisement: "At the Theatre 
Royal, Drury Lane, on Monday next, the 14th of Jannary, will be presented 
a comedy, called Tlte Miser. The part of LoTcgold, the Miser, by Mr, Karris ; 
Lappet, by Mrs. Clive.'* 

* " Bradley,^^ Mrs. Dewes's residence. 


J// 8. E!stoh to Mi's, Ikvt .s. 


Were I not very well acquainted with my valuable 
friend's great clemency and goodness, I could not have 
the assurance to wTite to her after so long a silence. I 
must confess I am extreme! v ashamed that I have not 
sooner made my acknowledgments for your most 
obliging letter, but am much more out of countenance, 
that I have not acquainted you with the inexpressible 
satis&ction I received when I heard you wore so hap- 
pily married, and that I have not presented you and 
the very worthy gentleman you have made happy with 
my more ^ early congratulations, nor assured you of my 
sincere prayers and wishes for jour long enjoyment of all 
the blessings heaven can give ; ip^ this my dear little 
charmers join with me, and would I am sure tell 
you so themselves could the}' make use of pc^ns and 
paper: Lady Betty often bilks with pleasure of writing 
to you, and Lady ILirriett is Miss Pip almost every day, 
and pays me visits under that name ; the sweet little 
Marquis, who is certainly the finest cliild that ever was, 
takes horse to carry you niy comjjlinic'nts. I heartily 
wish you could see tlieni, and jxirtake of tlie pleasure I 
enjoy in them, fur 1 am sure they would hi^'hly dvdight 
vou. Dear Mrs. Pendarves makes me doubll'ul whether 
we shall be su happy as to see you li<-re or no : it will l)c 
a !//'( (it di-xrppoint/iwnt io our L!;rt'at j)eoj)le if you don't 

come, but v/ill be to no one a lirLTit-jr concern than to 

Vonr most ii,Tat'. ful and most 
aiicctionate servant, 
EiJ/AiJKTn Elstoij. 

n 2 


I hear you have lately had a visit from one of my 
favourites, and hope you like her as well as I do— -I 
mean Miss Hopkins. 

Lady Throckmori<m to Mr$^ Iktoe$. 

September 4th, 1740. 

Hearing my dear Nancy is become a wife, I must 
assure her of my congratulations and sincere wishes for 
all possible happiness, which I know none more deserving 
of than herself, and the extremely good character of Mr. 
Dewes makes me hope she'll enjoy entire felicity. Now 
I shall be even with you for all your banters upon me, 
and assure yourself, my dear Nancy, if I find (what I 
hope I shall not) the least abatement of your friendship 
for me, you shall n^er hear the last of it. I long to see 
you, and hope we shall meet in London next winter ; yon 
can't imagine what joy I shall have to see you and your 
love together. I beg if you think proper you'll make my 
compliments to him, for though I have not the honour of 
personally knowing him, I must love him now he belongs 
to you. You see I write in the old free style, depend- 
ing on your iiot shewing my letters to your husband, as 
I never shew yours to mine. Pray write to me as soon 
as you have a leisure minute, for I am impatient to have 
a letter from Mrs. Dewes and to know fit)m her own pen 
that she is as much my friend as dear Miss GraHviUe was. 

I was almost angry with you for not answering the 
letter I wrote you from London, but then T consi- 
dered you must be in a hurry, which might occasion 
strange things to ensue, such as your silence, &c. Pray 
give my kind love to the tcidow, and tell her I bare 

!C» MWa.: OBLA)i¥. Ul 

aome! emjrons &Hr her, which. I shall leaye at her honee in 
hoiodoni ^, >> . 

I hope to go from this place in a few days, ^o you 
must direct at Weston, and pray tell me if Newport 
Fagnell will he your way to London from Warwickshire. 
Sir Bohert desires his respects to you, and hegs you will 
leoeiiye 4^M his compliments of congratulation; mama 
jf^pfi^ with^^ in the same, and 

I ami my dear Nancy, 

Your faithful humble 

C. Thbockmoaton. 

1 r 

* * ' 


Mrs. Fendarve$ to Mr$. Dewe$. 

. f ■ Stoke»5 Sept 174a 


.-.X eame to this place last Wednesday, well conducted 
by our good friend's equipage ; found the roads tole- 
rably good and am charmed with the infinite beauties of 
the place. The house, its situation, the park, and woods, 
are all delightful ; and the happiness that seems to reign 
amongst the inhabitants of this sweet place greatly contri- 
butes to make everything about them agreeable. How 
much you are talked of, how often wished for, and what 
blessings are called for to attend you on all occasions, 
are subjects that would take up more time and paper than 
I have to spare ; but in the midst of my pleasures here 
my thoughts are working how to enjoy my chief earthly 
happiness, and not hearing from you as regularly as I 
could wish to do is an alloy to all my pleasures, and 
makes me still more impatient to come to you, where 
nothing will interrupt our conversation. My cousins 
have begged so hard to have me see Newport, that I don't 


know how to refuse, so next Monday we aii go in a 

body and return on Thursday ; and the Monday after that, 

which will be the 15th of Sept., I propose setting out for 

Bradley. I shall have Mr. Foley's coach, and will be at 

Windsor by one o'clock if possible, and beg Mr. Dewes 

will send a servant there to diregt which wiU be the best 

road from thence. This morning I have been in the 

chaise with Mr. Foley all over the park, and. am charmed 

with every part ; to-morrow we go to Hampton Court, 

and the rest of my time I have already told yon how we 

are to spend it. I have chosen the chintz-room, becauso 

it was yours, but what consolation is that to me ? Do I 

not think of you wherever I am ? Most certainly I do. I 

caught a little cold a day or two ago, and have had a 

touch of the disorder my eye is subject to ; it is better to* 

day, but I dare not use it much. I was hurried out this 

morning, and had scarce time to dress me, (it heing afuw 

dai/), and the light is now so mndi declined that I can 

but just see to add my brother's kind compliments, and 

my own, to Mr. Dewes and yourself. I shall hardly be 

able to write above once more before we meet. My 

dearest love, I am for ever yours, 

M. P. 

Is not Dapper excessively impertinent ? I hope you 
have had all my letters ? Since we parted I have had, 
alas ! but one. 

* Hamptcm Court was at this time in possession of Mar<r&ret, ConnteM of 
Coniugsby ; wliose sister, Lady Fmuces, niarried Sir Charles Haiibury Wllliamf , 
one of whose dauixhters and co-lieirs married William Anne, 4th Earl of Essex, 
who at the death of the Countess of Coninj^sby became the poesesaor of 
Jlampton CoiirL It was sold by the uth Earl of Essex, to Ricbw^ Arkwiigbt, 

I B L--^ 

Htok«, S«pk S, 13Ml 

I h&vo witli utmofjt impatience waited fur a letter from 
dear bCrs. Dcwes, to inl'orm me not only how alio ^t 
tujtne, but liow to dire<:t to Iirt ; but vain were my Uopes, 
and I poiiitivcly shiM be almost an^r^' if I hare not a 
line to-morrow nigrht, though my dear Pon. amonj^st tMi 
thoasand oblwr pleasures, has given me tliat of knovrin^j 
yon are well, which :iosl to soeinij you is th** ^oatest 
happiness I can have. How much I loii^' to do that in 
not in my power to tell you, but you may guess when I 
tell you I am i'ully as impatient an ever Mr. Dewes was j 
but, alas ! I ba^e at praient no prospect of tliat satis' 
faetion, therefore make it ap to me by giving me a fiill 
and true account of yourself, your habitation, and all that 
belongs to you. Matrimony is apt to make people iflny, 
H-don't indulge at first, once a week I shall expect to 
hear firom you, and I am sure if Mr. Dewes knew how 
well I loved you, he would not grudge me -one hour in a 
week. My particolar compliments attend him. This 
whole family (as well as Lord Foley) are obliged to him, 
and return thanks for his interest. Don't I, my dear 
Mrs. Dewes, give you a strong proof of my attachment to 
you by giving up one moment of my dear Pen, especially 
as she has allotted me so few. She is very well, and speaks 
for herself, so that 'tis needless for me to do what she 
can do so much better. Mr. Granville is very well also, 
and is so good as to seem to like being here ; to-morrow, 
if dry, we go to Hampton Court, which wiU bring the 
agreeable moments I spent there with one Miss Granville 
fresh in my mind, and many wishes will there be 


made that you were of the party. Monday we go to 
Newport, and retnm on Thursday ; you'll perhaps guess 
by my going out to stay, that the cold bath has done 
miracles and cured me already, but indeed I am £ax from 
being well, and were it not that I can't bear the thoughts 
of losing Penny's company, and I find the Lord of the 
Manor will never forgive it, I would upon no accoont 
stir. I had a letter from Bath last post ; my sister^ 
and the Captain .desire their compliments, and good 
wishes; she will write as soon as she knows how to 
direct, which I shall send her word to-night. Your 
god-daughter, Pat Griffiths, has the small-pox, but i& in 
a fair way ; her mother knows nothing of it, nor do I 
design she shall, till she's recovered ; she desires her duty 
to you and Mr. Dewes, and wishes you all the happineas 
in the world; but ''Lord have mercy upon me, she-um 
very sly to carry it off sol'' The Kector lays it to heart, 
and never comes near the house. I have also speeches 
from them and Mrs. Wolstenholme. Our sweet Prim- 
rose^ is very well, but poor thing, in great concern about 
her brother's, aflfairs,^ though she does not yet know half: 
between friends, he's a monster, and I am heartily grieved 
for the young ladies, and the more so as the old Couutess 
has the pleasure of triumphing over them. 

' Mrs. Eichard Foley. 

• llie Honourable Mrs, Foley. 

' *',IIer brother's ailuirs." Lord Weymouth. 


ITie HcnUe, A. OranviUe to Mrs. Dewes. 

Old Windsor, y 6—1740. 

I began to think dear Mrs. Dewes had determined not 
to write anjr more to me, by her long silence, but was 
agreeably nndeceived by a very kind letter last post, for 
which pray accept my most grateftil acknowledgments ; 
yon say so many obliging things to me that I so little 
desarve, but impute all your goodness to your usual par- 
tiality to your friends. Yon bid me write when it's 
conTenient, and at all times I think it so, to assure dear 
Mrs. Dewes of my constant friendship, as likewise how 
sincerely I rejoice at your thinking yourself happy, and 
that^s the point to make us so — ^being content with what 
ftovidence has allotted, and that my dear namesake s 
sense and religion will always make her.^ 

The morning I received your letter the Duchess of Port- 
land was with us. I have received more friendship from 
her than was possible for me to expect, as likewise from 
the Duke. She told me that he and Lord Jersey ^ would 
come to some determination in regard to what could be 
(lone for a pension, but with all that she thought it neces- 
sary my brother should be acquainted with it, for was lie 
not, might say it was without his consent to the people 
that must be applied to, and that would spoil all. The 
Duchess of Portland said that the Duke and Lord Jersey 
must write to him to let him know their intentions, and 
say that as ice are their relation they hope he would not 
take it amiss if they endeavour to get something for us. 

* At this time Mr. Dewcs's income waa very mcMlerato. 

• W^illiara, 3r«l Earl of Jersey, was nephew of Mary Lady I^nsdowne, and 
finit cousin to Lord Weymouth. 


as it was impossible to live on what he allows us. I am 
not quite of their opinion, but submitted to better judges, 
and therefore Providence will direct those that have such 
humanity and good nature I hope for the best. If my 
dear Pen and you do not approve of this, I wish you 
would write your sentiments to the Duchess of Portland. 
Say only that I had wrote you word of her goodness to 
us, and what else you think proper (yourself) to be done 
as coming from yourselves. 

We have this morning received orders to leave thi« 
place, and we shall go to town on Wednesday till Satur- 
day, for I intend to speak to Sir Eobert W. myself, and 
then come to Windsor Castle, for it would be infinitely 
more expensive to stay in London ; therefore what time I 
can spend there, I would choose to have it at tlie time 
the friends are there I like to see. These reasons con* 
sidered, I believe Pen will think I am in the right to 
accept of Lady B's^ house at present. I have a thousand 
things more to say, but have at this juncture not time, 
for I am, as you may imagine, in some hurry, and indeed 
am ashamed to think I have already been so long talking 
of myself; but will not have done till I ha ve assured dpM 
Mrs. Dewes that I am ever your faithful and 

Obliged humble servant, A. Q. 

Mn. DeuKS to Lady Throckmorton, 

Bradley, 10 Sept 1740. 

My dearest Lady Throck.'s first letter to Bradley was 
a great joy to me, but her second quite deUghted me, 
to find that nothing excludes me from the friendship 
of my dear amiable Kitty, and I thank you for allowing 

* Probably I^ly IkiteUiun. 


me still to call you by a name that has ever been 
attmded with pleasure; the continuance of your love 
will make a great deal of that happiness you so kindly 
wish me. I have yet met with nothing in that state 
(you seem so glad I am come into) but what gives me a 
Mr prospect of happiness, and though our cot between 
two ^ed oaks yields nothing fine, it affords cofUent, and 
will always do so as long as affection remains in the 
inhabitants, and supplies the place of great apartments, 
equipages, and state, though when they are joined all toge- 
ther, as at Weston, it is very charming indeed. But, alas, 
how rare ! and I can't help thinking that there is for the 
generality more happiness in a middling tlian in a great 
fortune, and it is very proper for me to be of that opinion 
now, as Mr. Dewes's fortune is moderate, but his qualities 
are extremely good, which are to be preferred to riches, and 
I had no pretence to expect both. The countrj^ about 
us is so very dirty, that had we a good neighbourhood 
I should not be much the bettor for it ; tliougli were my 
dear Lady Throck. and her '' o?rn Sir Robert '' at Coughton 
1 shouldinake a hard shift but I would often visit them, and 
hope, some time or other, to be so happy ; though Mr. 
Dewes is not resolved upon fixing me here if he finds it 
inconvenient, and should we remove, how happy should 
I be to be near Weston. 

We have had company every day almost since wc 
came, and my dear Penny is with us now; but alas! 
she croes the be^-inninLT of Xovomber to Bulstrodo : wlie- 
ther I go with her or no I have not yet quite deter- 
mined. Three dreadful days' journey in the middle of 
winter to come back, frights me, for I shall not go to 
London this year, where Mr. Dewes stays but six weeks, 


and if I went I fear Weston is not in my way ; I shall 
rejoice if it is. Since I began this I have had a huiip 
dred interruptions, and I am ashamed to send such an 
incoherent dab, but hope it will just serve to show that' 
I am, at all times, my dearest Lady Throckmorton^a 

Most faithful and affectionate 


Mr. Dewes desires his best respects to your lady ship, and 
Sir Kobert Tlirockmorton and Penny a thousand wishes. 
I beg to hear soon a particular account of your health, 
and hope my next letter ^vill not be such a medley. 

My brother spent a week here in his way from Glou- 
cester to Calwich, and charged me with his complimenta to 
you and Sir Eobert ; Mrs.Chapon lias also been with us, and. 
we have been happy in seeing a great many of our friends. 
Yesterday a plump red-faced gentleman dined with us, 
whose name is Petres, and as belonging to Sir Robert, I 
was glad to see him, and talked a great deal of Coughton 
with him. He gives the same character of your own Sir 
Eobert that all the world does. I hope Mrs. Colling* 
wood is very well, and beg my compliments to her. I 
could write to you many sheets, but have a dozen letters 
to answer, besides family affairs to mind that do not oome 
within the inspection oi you fine ladies. 

Lady Throckmorton to Mrt, Dcwes, 

London, September 16th, 1740, 

I did not know my dear Anna was become a wife, tiU 
the week before I left Tunbridge ; and I wrote to her the 
very next post my joyful wishes on the occasion, and 

'-'y-'- OP MRS. DELAN-Y. 109 

enclosed it to tlie Duchess of Portland ; but I find you 
newer received my letter, or at least had not before you 
wrote to me ; therefore have ten thoasand obli^tions 
tb Jrou for giving me the pleaeiire of hearing from 
you, when you had great reason to think I was unde- 
serving that favour: but you may bi>lieve nothing except 
belog deprived of the use of my right hand, could make 
1^ silent on a subject I have long wished to write upon, 
ifiiij your entering into the matrimonial society. I told 
you in my former letter that I wished you all joy and 
felicity (which I do with the greatest sincerity), and 
that I longed very raucli to see you, which is also very 
true ; when shall I liave that pleasure ? Not this mapy 
months I doubt. This year I believe we shall not see 
lAd Cougfiton ; but the next I hope will be more lucky. 
1 think it barbarous to teaze brides ; but yet I have au 
notion if we were to meet I should be very merry, and 
ply some old scores I owe you on the head of banters ; 
hut seriously I am quite glad to hear you confirm, what 
I have heard from many hands before — ^that Mr. Dewes 
lilts all qualifications to nutke you happy, which I am 
sure no one is more deserving of than yourself, nor any 
one more sincerely wishes than 1 do. Fray write to me 
soon at Weston, for I sliall be there nest week, and hope 
you'll give me the good news that you design to call on 
me in your way to London, which my own husband says 
is your direct road. He desires his compliments to you ; 
I b^ mine to Mr, Dewes, and that my dear Anna will 
ptill believe me. 

Her faithful 




77ie Ifofihle, A, OranvUle to Mrs, Ptndarves, at Mr, IkwosB^ near Aloaier, 


Old Windsor y* 8 — , 1740. 

I received yours, my fair and amiable cousin, full of 
sweets to me, for every fresh mark of your friendship 
adds to my happiness ; though I could almost find in my 
heart to huff you for flattering me. Your goodness of 
heart makes you glad to hear from your friends : but 
when my dear Pen talks of my instructing her^ I could 
almost think you laughed at me. I look on my keep- 
ing up my spirits in our present situation as no 
merit of my own, but a gift and blessing from the hand 
of Providence, which never sends us more distress than 
what at the same time his Divine power enables us to 
bear. I speak by experience, who receive daily marks 
of his blessing by bestowing on us, unworthy mortals, a 
fortitude of mind to support our worldly disappoint- 
ments, which did we make a proper use of, ought to 
instruct us not to set our hearts " on any child of man :*' 
but build our hope on a much surer foundation. Al- 
though my thoughts since I began writing to my dearPto 
have been more celestial than terrestial, still I think 
whilst we are in this world (though not with too much 
anxiotv), that it is a duty incumbent on us to endeavour 
to be as happy as we can ; and if our allairs sucoeed let 
us thank our great IJenefactor, — if not, "his wiU be 
done," whose wisdom directs everything for our good. 
Could wo bring ourselves to acquiesce without grumbling, 
we should contribute much to our present happiness. 

By this time 1 hope you have received my letter with 


Lady Jersey's^ answer. I wrote last post Mrs. Dewes 
word my conversation with the Duchess of Portland and 
shonld be obliged to you if you would write your opinion 
on the subject to her, which must have weight on 
every one that you will speak your mind to, for as you 
were the person that was so good to apply to my brother 
about a pension, you are better able to judge what 
method will be most Ukely to succeed. Now as to 
Lady B/s, you know whatever oflfer is made one in 
distress, let it be ever so small, is still an obligation, 
and I believe I shall convince you at present it is better 
being there for a little time than at your house in 
town, and less expensive, and I do not know in what 
situation your house stands, though I am told it is not 
made over to the trustees.^ But my brother may imoffine 
we want to intrude on him, and a thousand things that 
may be put in Ids head : for / cant give him up, but 
really beheve he has been ill-advised, and being so much 
reduced himself has made him more easily comply with 
his later behaviour to us. But, my sweet Pen, I know 
your heart : you think that if Weymouth had your house 
still in liis hands, he might be persuaded to let us have 
it ; but if it is still his, 1 hope those will remain in it that 
make the ornament of the place, and never take in your 
head, that I could bear to be the occasion of your leaving 

' Anne, dangliter of Scrrx))), 1st Duke of Bridjicwater, mid relict of 
WriotLeslcy, Duke of Bedford, married liod June, IT.'io, to William, ord Karl 

of Jersey. 

' It appears from this sentence, and others in this corres]X)ndence, that Mrs. 
Pendarves rented a house of Lord \Ve3'raouth, and that she was anxious his 
.sister should make use of it in her absence, not only as a temporary conve- 
nience, but in the hope Lord Weymouth might be induced to let them have 


a place that I know is convenient to you-: which 
would vex me much more than having a house rent free 
would do me good. 

I have A^Tote two letters to my brother'; in my lasi I 
mentioned everything in as civil a manner as I was 
capable of, and put him in mind of our arrears ; but when 
we go to London, which please God will be one day 
this week, I shall see Sir Robert Worsley, and then shall 
tell him the situation of everything. He lias shown more 
feeling for us than any of the rest — I mean of /At' trusteeSm 
As to Mrs. Petite,* she will live with her friend Mrs. 
Favor ;• sus for poor Mrs. Bourgois,^ she says she cui't 
bear the thoughts of leaving us : she will hai^ no traffe^, 
but says she shall be happy in doing anj-thing, let it be 
what it trill, to serve us. I know the tenderness of your 
heart, that you would not know what to say to anybody 
you find so affectionate ; I am sure I do not, for I am sur^ 
roundeil with many difficulties. God guide me in what* 
ever I do for the best ! I always think of Mr. Pope's 
prayer (*' Teach me to feel anotliers woeJ') I sincerely do 
for those that suffer at present with my fall of fortune ; 
and wish / alone was the only sufferer; bat let my 
pocket be ever so low, my heart will always be great in 
affection to my dearest cousin : this I beg of you to be- 
lieve, as likewise that I am 

Ever your obliged humble servant, 

A. Granville. 

Retty is your humble servant, and desires hers, and 
your humble servant's compliments to Mr. and MoL 

' An old retainer from Ix)ng Iii*at. 

• An oM 8crTant. 

* An old waiting-wouiAii. 


l)ewCT. I have wrote to my sister Foley already about 
lacing stsrait ; she assured me she does not. If er jumps^ 
will go next Sunday, and I dare say she'll put them on» 
Mr. and Mrs. Foley oome to London when the Parhament 
meets, which is tlie 18th of November. 

The affection which Mrs. Pendarves and her sister entertained 
far the three daughters of Lord Lansdovm, is accounted for by the 
excellent tone of mind, and the complete resignation under their 
trials, which is Evident in the course of their correspondence, as 
well as the kind and forgiving feelings evinced about their brother. 
Load Weymouth, even after his extravagance had produced its 
usual results of selfishness and injustice towards those whom he 
had promised to support and protect. 

The n<ni^. Mn, Foley to Mn, Dewes. 

Newport, Oct. 23d, 1740. 

Though we have not yet, thank God, had any very severe 
frost, I really till last post began to fear the weather had 
been more violent in Worcestershire, and had froze my 
dear Bradley cousin's fingers up, whicli prevented me 
having the satisfaction of eitlier hearing from you or your 
fair sister. I was just going to inquire what was the 
reason of so profound a silence, when 1 received a most 
sprightly letter from you, which convinced me you were 
not quite fallen asleep, and gave me so great pleasure, 
that it demands my most best acknowleclgments, wliich 
I desire you to accept. Miss Foley and 1 have been at 
Kewj)ort tliis fortnight ; we intended returning this morn- 
ing to Stoke, but a deep snow falling last niglit, and a 

* *' Jwmps," stays. 


prudent coachman not caring to venture to drive, makes 
us remain here till we can go without any danger. I am 
obliged to you for your kind advice to me to behave pru- 
dently and to be warned by other's ill, and I have so great 
an opinion of all you say, that certainly I should be very 
cautious of running into danger. Not that I can possibly 
think myself of so much consequence as you are pleased 
to tell me I am, and I hope the advice you give to others 
you will for the sake of your friends follow yourself, and 
not venture in bad roads, for fear — to make use of your own 
words — " The child unborn may rue the day." I hope 
you'll not determine too quickly on going to Bulgtrode, 
though if you think you may venture to go without 
doing yourself any harm, I should grieve that the good 
Duchess of Portland should be deprived of the great satis- 
faction it would give her of seeing so valuable a friend ; 
and as then you'll be amongst so many experienced people, 
that you can't fail having a proper care taken of you in 
any condition. Therefore, all things considered, I hope 
the fair sisters will undertake their journey together^ and 
think then what pain you'll save yourself by not parting 
with sweet Penny, for I know by experience what trouble 
that gives, and hope in your next I shall hear you are fixed 
to leave Bradley for some time ; 'tis thousand pities your 
oak is so ill situated ; not but what if you have as much 
cold and snow as we have here, were it placed in your 
garden it would be of no service to you. 

I had last post a letter from my dear Violet ; they are 
now at Windsor-Castle. It is very obliging in the Duke 
and Duchess of Portland to interest themselves in my 
sister's afiairs ; they can have no other motive but what 
tlows from their generous hearts. Lord Jersey I know 


always said he had great affect,ioTi for my siatorn, and I 
am glad he now shows his friendship by his actions. 
I must look on whatever befals so iicar relations almost 
in the same light as if it happened to myself. 1 ani sure 
that is the way of thinking my dear Penny ajid Mr«. 
Dowes hare, by the ivry gi-Mt akare they have always 
taken in whatcFcr accident in life has hapiwiied t« us. 
With so many good friends and an entire trust in Prtivi- 
dence, I hope they may still meet witli a fjreat deal of 
comfort in this world; but it has been a luostaensiblu 
affliction to me, to 6nd those who I know to hiive so much 
merit meet witii such variety of Fortune's fruwus. 

I am glad yon are so well pleased with Ponto,' and that 
you find hima philosopher amongst many more perfections; 
not but, could he have as great a notion of philosophy as 
you imagine, I fancy he would make use of it in reflecting 
of Ais f^ppy change ; for I must confisss liradloy is a mnch 
luippuT ca.'^k ihan Slul/: (n I'l.mtu, Mini iio finds hinisolf 
aow a king wbea behold a little while ago he was looked 
on like a dog. Our friends at Stoke are all well ; Mr. 
Jukson came hither yesterday, he tells me he has not 
known Mrs. Foley bo well in health a great while, which 
account gives me infinite satisfaction. Mr, Foley and 
hii sister desire me to make yoa and Mrs. Fendarves 
their compliments. Pray assure her of my wannest wishes 
and sincere afiection. Dinner-bell is just going to ring, 
and I not one bit dressed, so must conclude in begging 
your behef 

Que je suis tonjours votre tres afiectionnee G. Foley. 

Mr. Foley and my best compliment wait on Mr. 

' "Pcinto," B dog. 


Mrs, Dewes to Mr», Pendarves, • 

Melancholy forsaken Bradley, 

Thursday evening, 6 o'clock. 

There is a kind of sorrow tliat enlarges the mind and 
dissipates all trifling occurrences beyond anything that 
we call mirth and merriment can do ; such is the present 
sorrow that fills my heart at parting with the best of 
sisters and most amiable friend. I feelj the sharpest 
pangs for the loss of her company, recollect every tender 
expression, endearing look and action, that by so maxiy 
pleasing ways engaged my afiection, but at the same 
time I consider I should be unworthy that inestimable 
love of hers if I did not root out as much weakness 
from my heart as I can, therefore I have not indulged 
myself in lamentations to-day, but roused up my mosfc 
laudable resolutions, and dane everything to divert and 
amuse myself. You was so cruel, my dear Penny, as not 
to let me hear one of your dear steps this morning, for 
which I listened most attentively, but since you denied me 
that pleasing pain I composed my spirits, went to sleep 
and took a nap, rose with heavy steps, and came to the 
deserted parlour and solitary breakfast, which I swallowed 
like a pill, as fast as I could, then took up a Ghiardian, 
then the Bible, then rummaged upstairs, opened and shut 
your drawers a hundred times, because they had been yours; 
could bear the room no longer, called for Jenny Maro, 
went through many a slough without knowing where I 
was till I arrived at Mrs. Harford's, and her bawling and 
the others hemming were insupportable ; came home in a 
violent hurry, found a man begging for a fire, considered 
the deplorableness of his case without fortune and seek- 



ing the world over for friends, set down to dull mutton 
(riding had made me hungry) ; Jenny Tie purred out what 
consolation she could, made Sally talk to me all dinner- 
time, and after grace went to the harpsichord, but could 
play nothing but anthems, and those horridly, till I was 
happily interrupted by Charles, who delighted me with 
the good account of your safe arrival at Evesham. I hope 
in God the rest of your journey will be as prosperous ! 

And now I have told you all this day's trans- 
actions, to tell you what my heart feels of love and 
gratitude no day or night can suffice ! I am going to 
drink your health in chocolate — your own dear chocolate, 
shall cat my egg and go to sleep because it is the only 
way I can see you now, ^id my imagination I am sure 
wiU not deceive me there. I hope you will as punctually 
relate every thought and action as I have done since we 
parted, which already seems an age. Miss Hopkins sent 
me a very genteel letter, and I have pleasure at the 
thought of her coming, for 1 shall soon want a rational 
companion. Ponto and Puss do very well to-day, but 
they will not serve long, not but 1 think them vi07*e dull 
than usual, all my family are sensible of your loss, and 
say " that Mrs. Pendai^ves' looks enlivened them'^ which 
recommends them to my favour. 

Since you are passed wnth safety throu^^h our wretched 
green and vale, I don't apprehend any future danger in 
your journey ; but I think of the pleasure you will have 
at Jiulstrode, the consolation and advantage you will be 
to poor Violet.* 

But as if all melancholy things conspired toi^otlicr this 

* The Honourable A. (Iranville. 


day, I have just received a sad account of a poor man 
(son-in-law to our farrier) who was found dead this morn- 
ing under a hedge, by Fishers — a house at the end of our 
green that you went by to Hanbury. There was a man 
with him just alive enough to give this account, that they 
were going by that place last night when a woman on 
horseback was stuck in a slough. Tliey helped her cot, 
she rewarded them with a bottle of what she called brandy. 
Tliey drank it all up immediately, and one netier waked 
agaiUy the other is very ill ! all the art of our wise legis- 
lators cannot prevent the mischief of those direful dranns 
that in some shape or other walk round the world ; but 
they will never do you any harm.^ 

I hate to leave you, though you know how many letters 
I have upon my hands, and particularly our lovely 
Queen^ to whom I will do myself the honour of writing 
next post, and then I shall not write to you because you 
will hear of me ; I hope change of air will cure (Jeorge's 
cold, my kind wishes attend her. I rejoice to think you 
have got Dapper in a whole skin with all his own under- 
standing again, and I am quite concerned that I took no 
leave of Joe. 

Mrs. Dewes was at this time alone at Bradley, while Mr. Dewei 
was spending the six weeks in London to which she had befixe 
alluded, and which was entailed by his profession of the law, his 
elder brother being then alive. 

' Mrs. IX'lany used to say she never habituated lierselfto wine in her youth ; 
tliat such stimulants were not required. 
' *' Ou«en,** a nickname for the Duchess of Portland. 


J^y TJirocJtmnrioH to ,Vr», Prwf*. 

■WriiUm, Novumbef fitli, 1740. 

I was quite charmed to find by my dearest Nancy'a 
Viud letter that she is desiryiis our frienilship may still 
continue; for I think I can answor.that it will ucvec 
fiiil on my side, but I'll leave this p<iint to l>e mom 
fnlly discussed when we meet, which I wish heartily m:iy 
be very soon. I am persuaded Newport Pa^icll is tho 
road from Bradley to London, and I fancy Mr. Dewes 
might easily contrive to leave you here in hia way 
Ihither, wliich 1 am sure would make me very happy, 
and not less so my own Sir Robert, who always maintains a 
most sincere respect for a person he calls "Pivspect" whom 
he often talks of with great pleasure : he is at present at 
London, and left me a melancholy widow, I wish yo\i 
were here to comfort me, for by this time I guess you'U 
have learnt to pity these kind of afflictions, which you 
had not much notion of before ; but strange things do 
ensue upon the cliange of a state. I am quite glad to 
hear from all Iiauds you have so lair a i)rospect of liappi- 
ness, Mid long to see you in your " cot " (as you call it), 
between the two aged oaks, the description of which 
delights me. You are quite in the right to prefer it to 
equipages and state, for those kind of things, according 
to my way of thinking, were only made to hinder the 
enjoyment of life. 

1 have a distant view of seeing you at your own 
house next summer, for we talk of spending part of it 
at Coughton,' which will make me infinitely happy if 
you are at Bradley ; though I hope to see you here first, 

' Guughton, in WATwicksliin:, l\ui uld family \Aaca uf the TUrockmoiLuiu. 



and beg you'll liave some serious thoughts of it. But I am 
abnost afironted at you for taking me to be so fine a lady 
as not to mind family affairs^ which I take to be the only 
sphere a woman can possibly shine in, therefore came here^ 
and ril show you your mistake, for you'll find me as errant 
a country Joan as ever frequented a hen-house or dairy* 

I imagine by tliis, Penny is at Bulstrode ; and hope 
she had a good journey. I pity you for losing her, but 
not so much as usual now you have got a comforter. You 
are very good to enquire after my health, of which I 
cannot brag much though I don't want for spiritSy particu- 
Jarly when I am writing to you. But I must now bid 
you adieu, and go see what's doing in the cheese-chamber 
and the apple-loft. Pay my compliments to Mr. Dewes, 
and believe me, my dear Anna, 

Your faithful 


Pray write soon a long letter. 

Mrs. Foley to Mrs, Detues, at Bradley^ near Droitwichy m» Worceatanhin, 

Stoko, Not. lltli, 1740. 

I am, my dearest Mrs. Dewes, quite out of patience 
with your post, for your letter dated the 4th I did not 
receive till last night, and one you mention to have 
wrote in answer to mine never came to my hands : can 
you blame me for being anxious, and indeed a little 
uneasy, to be six whole weeks and never hear one word 
from a person so dear to me as you are. I should be 
very sorry to add to your grief, but my friendship for 
you is so tender that if I in the least suspect a dimi« 
nution of it, I am more desperate than it is possible for a 


lover to be in that case, and in my hurry of spirits say 
things that afterwards give me concern — as giving you 
the least pain always does. Human nature is so perverse 
it often makes our greatest happiness the cause of trouble, 
and instead of presenting to our minds thoughts that are 
agreeable, is ever raising phantoms that teaze and alarm ; 
and maugre all our care; 'tis not always in one's power to 
be proof against them, especially in regard to those we 
love. Friendship, though the greatest of all earthly 
blessings, is not without alloy, which shows there's no 
such thing as happiness on this side of the grave. You 
will perhaps say " these are troubles of your own making, 
and they may be avoided,'' but though one may endeavour 
at it, yet it is wholly impossible to be a stoic in friend- 
ship, and ten thousand different cares and fears will arise 
even whilst with one's friends — how much more at a 
distance, when one raises a devil without thinking how 
impossible it is to lay him ? 

I confess ingenuously to you, there is but one person in 
the world for whom I have a greater regard than yourself; 
judge then by your own heart if a short formal letter now 
and then (after so many years corresponding in quite a 
different manner) w«is not sufricient ground for jealousy ; 
and to deal plainly with you, I cannot with common 
patience think of giving the least l)it of your heart that 
ever I was possessed of even to Mr. Dewes himself. II 
vou ffive me but the shadow of a reason to think T am 
in danger of it, you must expect to be re])roached, for 
when the cup is full it vlll run on^r ; and though I tliank 
God I can give up most thinufs else without repining, it 
is impossible lor nie upon any consideration to part with 
yuiu: friendship — so don't be so barbarous to rob me of the 


least bit of almost the one thing necessary to my well-- 
being here. As I know how much you suffer at parting 
with those you love, I'll not renew or aggravate your 
grief by condoling, but must tell you I am qxute miser- 
able at your being so much alone. Have you not one 
agreeable neighbour to be with you? I should have 
thought even at Christmas you might have come from 
Bulstrode, and suppose your roads are passable for a 
horse at any time ; but I forget myself, and it may be 
improper for you to venture : but I desire you'll be pleased 
to contrive your call to London when all your friends are 
there, and not be so awkward as to be there when you 
can see nobody but your nurses. Our sweet Primrose^ 
is quite angry with you for burjring yourself, and wishes 
you would come to town, if it is merely to see her, 

I am in great hopes we shall contrive to go to town 
together. The Parliament meets the eighteenth, bat 
I don't suppose any business will be done till the 
holydays are over, and London agrees so little either 
with our pockets or inclinations, that we shall not be 
there longer than needs must. I believe this is the 
last visit we shall make it for some time, for Mr. Foley 
seems resolved not to be in the House again. By the 
time we go up I suppose Mr. Dewes will be coming 
down, and am afraid we shall be as like buckets as your 
brother and I were for many years. We have not 
settled where we shall be, but have wrote about a house 
in Suffolk Street that has been inhabited all the year, for 
I don't suppose I shall haye two days' notice of going, 
and we are, I think too much invalids to go into an 
unaired house. 1 find Miss Grranvilles are gone to 

' Grace Fulqy, bom Gxaaviik. 


Windsor Castle ; I am chamiert with lUeir behaviour od 
tliis melancholy ocasion, and do sint^rely think tiiat even 
a primitive Christian could not have shown more resig- 
nation, aoA in short every other virtue tlmt the circum- 
stance requires, in greater perfection than Miss Granville 
has, and if 1 only wished to serve her before, I am quite 
miserable not to be able to do it now -. however, I'm do- 
t«rmined no endeavours of mine shull be wanting, though 
alas! the power I am afraid will. My regard for my 
dearest Anna made me a well-wisher to every branch of 
her family, but the behavioui- of our dear Primrose,^ her 
Sweetness of tamper, goodness of heart, and in short 
every other amiable quality', joined to the desire she 
seems to have {and wliich I dare answer for her being 
sincere in, as T think she has not the least guile) of 
pfomating the harmony I ever wished to see subsist in 
Om family, will entirely attach me to them, and make 
it irapiissibli? fur mo imt to lji':ir si share in whatever 
relates to those who are bo nearly allied to her. 

I have been so often interrupted since I beg£Ui this, that 
I don't believe it is possible for you to even guess at my 
meaning ; but as you are quite alone it will serve to amuse 
you for want of better entertwnment. I have a notion your 
bouse affairs, when yon have modelled them, will be an 
epitome of goodness, but it must be provided you take none 
of your maxims from me. Yout partiality to me makes 
you imagine that many rules of my laying down, which are 
merely the effect of stupidity, are right in fact, but if 
you put them in practice you'll find them only calculated 

' ^' Primrote,'' " Violet," and " Daun/, were the niimis by which Mary and 
Ami Granvillu dcslgnaU^il their three cuuaiuit — Grace, Auu, oojil EliKaboth, 
tiui dau^tcrs of GwTgc Lurd Lau^downc. 



for my own indolent way of thinking, for they cannot 
make anybody happy tliat has good sense and vivacity. 
I assure you the indifference I show in the manage-* 
ment of my house, and in all my other aifairs, is more 
owing to a want of application, joined to the two other 
qualities just now mentioned, than to any merit of mine ; 
and that which passes with you for good conduct is 
nothing but an insensibility, which I acknowledge as a 
feult, though I fear I shall not be able to mend. If 
Griffiths hears of a servant that she tliinks will do, she'll 
let you know. She is now settled in her house at Here- 
ford, my father has behaved extremely well to her, and 
received her with as much kindness as if she had never 
offended, and they have seen one another most days. 
But I'm afraid they will not continue to do so long, for 
the Captain is coming home, and I reckon his pride 
and ill-temper wiU soon knock all harmony on the head. 
Your little sweetheart is still with me, but I am to 
deliver up my charge this week, which I shall be sorty fot. 
Our church is at last covered in, and the outside 
workmen, after much plague, discharged ; they are pro- 
ceeding within as fast as possible. We have the pleasure 
of thinking it will be very handsome and warm too, which 
to us invalids is no smaU recommendation. It will be 
great joy to see it finished, for it is a very disagreeable 
thing to go so far to church, and this winter-time it is 
impossible for the maid-servants to go constantly. I 
think that's an inconvenience you have at Bradley. 
It will be great pleasure to me to hear Penny is got sitfe 
to Bulstrode, though I don't expect a letter from her now 
she's at a distance from yuu, for if the Duchess gives her 
up at all, it will only be whilst she can write to you, but 


I hope to have the pleasure of snatching her for a lew 
moments when we get to town, though that is a difficulty ; 
but I can't blame people for doing what I most certainly 
should, had I as much rhetorick and entertainment as 
they have. I think I have heard you say you had 
patience to read the Fairy Tales, so have some hopes you'll 
not commit this to the flames till I have assured you how 
angry soever I was when I wrote last I am now as 
pacific as the Cardinal, and 'tis impossible for me to 
cease to be 

Dear Mrs. Dewes, 

Most sincerely affectionate 

E. Foley/ 

P.S. Please to put ''post toitm at Gloster'' upon 
your letters ; if they don't come safe then, we wiU try by 
way of London. I am charged with particular compli- 
ments fix)m all here, but as they are too numerous to par- 
ticularize, you must be content with being assm-ed they 
are all your humble servants. Your Cousin Foley went 
to Newport to-day, but as he left his Grace behind him, 
I hope to see him again soon ; poor Mrs. Bloxham has 
been almost wild with her teeth, has had three di-awn, 
and I am afraid must part with a fourth, which she talks 
very calmly of, she is really very ill. 

> Elizalx'th, fourth wife of Tliomas Foley, Esq., of St^)kc Edith, Hereford- 
shire, was tlic daiijihter of Robert Uiiett, E.s(j., of P.irch\V()(Kl, and sister of 
Mary Unett, alluded to in this lett(T as being ** settled in her house in Here- 
ford,'* who married Captain Hichard Foley. 


The JlottJ^ Mrs. Foley to Mrs, Devoeu 

Stoke, Nov. 18th, 1740. 

Had not last night's post brought me a Teiy obliging 
epistle from my dear Mrs. Dewes I should have followed 
my inclination, and not so far have stood on ceremony u 
to punish myself so much as not to have this post enqnired 
after you in your solitude, but must now add my thanka 
for the favour of yours. Though a mind like yoors, with 
all the ingenious employments you are mistress of, cui 
never be as miserable icithout company as the generality 
of people are, I must own your present solitary situation, 
and your description of it, is enough to give your friends 
the spleen to hear of it, let them be ever so gaily in- 
clined. It was great grief to both Mrs. Foley and me at 
reading your dismal account of the badness of yonr roads, 
that it is impossible for us now to meet, and have it onfy 
left us in our power to repine at being so far apart frcMn 
one whose company would make us all happy. What an 
uncomfortable situation is this 1 Do endeavour, my dear 
cousin, to make it quite pleasant to us all, and remove 
your quarters to this side of the world. 

Mr. and Mrs. Foley desires me to tell yon of a plaoe 
which is now to be sold, between Newport and Stoke, 
an extremely pretty house and gardens, much abont the 
size you'd choose. It is three mile from Hereford, and 
surrounded with good roads you may now walk there in 
your slippers, it being on a gravel. The estate abont it \b 
two hundred pounds a year, which is, I fancy, near the pnr* 
chase you would choose to have ; the name of the plaee 
is Burjield. Perhaps Mr. Dewes may think it too fiu* 
from London, but it will never be a day*8 differanoo 


more than he is obliged to be now, and the situation 
must be much more agreeable to you than Bradley, 
indeed I shall fear that Bradley will not be healthy in 
the winter, for in so dirty a country it must be intoler- 
ably damp, and you not able to use any exercise, though 
perhaps it won't be proper for you to use much, as you are 
always very prudent. I did beUeve, besides other parti-- 
cular reasons, that it was your prudence which hindered 
your going this winter to London, but as Mr. Dewes is 
to be there, I can't imagine anybody could have found 
&ult with it. By your complaisant obliging behaviour 
I am sure you won't &il of gaining the hearts and affec- 
tion of all your new relations ; in your case I am sure it is 
your own merit which will make you esteemed, where, as 
in my own casey I am sensible it is Mr. Foley's partiality 
which makes him behave in the obUging manner he does 
to me, for were he to see impartially, alas I I fear I 
could expect but a small share of the good opinion I 
have now great reason to tliink he has of me. His own 
temper is so good, and that, joined to a great share of 
good sense, which makes it entirely ray own fault were I 
not happy, and indeed you was not at all mistaken in the 
opinion you had of his worthiness ; and to give my dear 
Mrs. Dewes her due, she seldom fails in her judgment 
of anything she thinks worth her while to consider. 

I rejoiced to hear our dear Penny got safe to Bulstrode. 
Mrs. Foley has had a letter from her, wherein she says 
she has seen my sisters, and that they are very well ; 
God grant success to wliatever their friends undertake 
for them ! My heart has equally shared with tliem 
the frowns of fortune they have met with, for one's 
own prosperity can never make one suffer with less pain 
the adversity of our friends ; but as to my sister Gran- 


ville/ T love her .9^ very f^ncerely that T look on all ovonf» 
of fortune which happen to her, as the same as if I person- 
ally felt the same inconvenieneies from them. I shall be 
verj' happy to see them and dear Penny, which will bo the 
second week of January. When Mr. Foley goes to town 
we shall remove to Newport ; Miss Foley insists on 
staying with me, and I shall he very much pleased with 
her company, but at the same time shall be sorry she de- 
prives herself in being from Mrs. Foley, which must natu- 
rally be more to her advantage and more agreeable, being 
in London. All here make you their compliments. 

Thank God the cold bath does, I think, agree with onr 
good friend ^Irs. Foley, which is a great blessing, and no 
one has greater reason to rejoice at it than myself: I 
really look on her quite as a treamire to this family. 
She favours me with a j)articular friendship, which I most 
sincerely esteem, and shall ever make it my study never 
to forfeit what I really so much value. She has so great 
a sincerity of heart and tenderness for those she profeBses 
a friendship for, that it is impossible the more one knows 
her not to have one's kindness increase for her. She Kves 
\\ith me really more like a sister than as one who has \mt 
newly come into the family, and I can boast of no merit 
to deserve the indulgence shown me by so worthy a 

Your good mama has been so obliging to get me a bit 
of the Bishop of Gloucester's purple bed ; I think, of the 
sort, it is the most hafidsorne stuff I ever saw, and intend 
furnishing our apartment in town with it in yellow: 
You are, my dear cousin, quite in the right in say^ 
ing *' Mr. Dewes knows how to distinguish things 
excellent," that I can easily judge by his choosing 

' The II<)iioural>!o Ann Granville. 


yoo. My paper pats me in mind that it is time to con* 
dude ; my indination would be to say a great deal more, 
but only now have time to assure yoa» ma tres chere, 

that I am 

Yours most affectionately, 

G. Foley. 

JffV. DeweB io Lculff ThroekmarUm. 

Bndley,28NoT. 1740. 

I reoeived my dearest Lady Throck's last fitvour at 
HaplfiboEougV where I love to go because it is nearer 
GQ^lghton than tiiis place. How happy shall I be to see 
yqa tfa«re this summer I And when you condescend to 
blepa our humble Oak, I shall envy none who are pos- 
sesaod of. a palace without such delightful company. 
How good you are to wish me at Weston I where I 
certainly would» be, had I wings ; but without an aerial 
conveyance it is impossible to pass the sloughs and dirt 
of this country, which in that particular is quite abominable. 
I hope by this time your own Sir Eobert is returned, 
for I find you can but ill support his absence. 'Till I have 
been married as long as you have, I must not yet pretend 
to complain of separation ; but as I like Mr. Dewes's com- 
pany, I had rather he was at home than abroad, wliich he 
has been these three weeks. He and Fenny left me to- 
gether ; she stopped at Bulstrode, where I should liave 
gone, but the badness of the roads to come back frighted 
me. Mr. Dewes will return before Xnias ; and did ho 
know where Sir Robert was in London he would wait 

^ Maplebury, in Warwickshire, the rwideuco of Mr. Dcwca's father aud 



upon him. I spent a whole week at Mapleboroughy and 
am very kindly treated by my new friends^ who are plain 
but good sort of people : politease, to be sure, is much 
more engaging, but one can't have everything to one's 
Avish, and in general I have great reason, and am quite 
satisfied with my new state of life. I am much diverted 
with the description of your employments, and should be 
excessively glad to see you routing about your mansion. 
Is Mrs. Collingwood with you? and how does Miss 
Throckmorton like England? You must excuse qaes- 
tions, but where one loves it is natural to be iiAjnisitiTe, 
and that I love the ever-dear and charming Kitty, I 
hope I need make no profession now, but yet I like to 
repeat it. 

I rejoice to hear by Penny, that our dear Duchess 
is well. I wonder all the Garters are disposed of and 
the Duke of Portland left out. 

Do you not mourn for the Czarina ?* I do : though many 
w^omen deserve to be great, there are so few raised 
according to their merit, that when a woman shines as 
she did, I wish her to maintain the post a great while. 
But all human things are transitory, and must change ; 
empires fall, and birth nor beauty cannot turn aside the 
shafts of death ; but love and friendship are immortal, and 
the union of Souls founded upon virtue will last for ever, 
and shine in future glory ; even when the sim and stars 
shall fadl, those bright sparks remain. Continue, there* 

* The following notioe appeared, under ** Foreign Afiain,** in a p^per of 
November, 1740 : — " The late Empress having oonveracd much with foi«igBflr% 
and understanding their languages, sho protected the stimgen that wtrs {&• 
y'iUn\ to HuHsia hy Pctor I., favoured the arts and sdences that then began 
to flourish there, and governed according to the mMima of that tnily great 


fore, to love me, my dearest Lady Throck, for I shall 
ever be, 

Yonr constant and affectionate, Nancy. 

Prospect will always be glad to be remembered kindly 
by Sir Eobert, for whom she has a real value and esteem, 
upon a double account, — ^his own merit, and belonging 
to yon. Where is Mr. Morrell? and have you taken 
any pains about music? Did I tell you that Mr. Dewes 
has presented me with a very fine harpsichord, which 
tempts me to play more than ever ; but it gave me more 
delight from my sister's fingers than my own. I could 
be quite angry with you for supposmg anything can 
lessen my grief at parting with her. 

Do you ever hear from sweet-singing Birch ? 

Lady Elizabeth Cavendish Bentinck} to Mrs, Dewes, 

Bulstrudc, 23 Nov., 1740. 

Dear Pip, 

I love you with all my heart. Mrs. Elstob gives 
her service to you. I thank you for the pretty letter jou 
sent me by Penny. I learn very well the Common 
Prayer-book and Bible, and have almost got by heart the 
Turtle and Sparrow. Papa and mama's best complinients 
to you. I have learnt Molly Mog of the Rose, and am 
learning now the English grammar. I should be very 
glad to see you, and am 

My dear Pip, your affectionate friend 

Elizabeth Cavendish Bentinck. 

1 ^^ lAidy EUzithttU (Jawndish Bcntincky Eldest clauglitcr of tlie Duchcsa 
of Portland, aft^^rwards Lady Weymouth. 

K 2 


The Marquii of TUehfield to Mrs. Devoes. 

BuUtrode, 30 Nov., 174a 

Dear Pip, 
Dear Pip, 

I wish you was here to play at hoop with me, and 
sisters and sister Peggy. I have got a gold coaeh-aud- 
six papa gave me, and the horses are two dragons, two 
sober-sides, and two snips ; but you are too big to ride in 
my coach. " Tantive " that's the hunting song, — I can sing 
it all. My love and kiss to you. That's all from your 

Affectionate servant, 


Miss Robinson writes Doccmber 2nd to Mrs. Donellan from Bui* 

"Madame Pen is copying SacharissaV picture from 
Vandyck, and does it with that felicity of genius that 
attends her in all her performances. I believe, could 
Waller see it, he would begin to make new verses on 
her, and ask of the picture, as he does of the image of 
his dream — 

* Where could'st thbu find 
Shades to counterfeit that face ?* 

If Sacharissa could have known ' the Stella * of a future 
age would have copied her picture, I should not have 
blamed her for sitting for it ; but for her, who knew not 
such future honours would attend her, to sit to a mer* 

1 The Marquis of Titchfield, brother of Lady Elizabeth Cavendish Bratin^p 
and grandfather to the present Duke of Portland, (1860.) 

' " Sacharis8fi*B picture** This picture is in the poBsession of the Editor, 
an<l was copiiil from Vaudyck's original, which was lent to Mn. Pendanrcs by 
a relation of Waller's, then residing at Beacousficld. 


Miss Hobinson, writing to her siflter from Bulatrodo, gays : — 

" I cannot add mticti to tlio longtli oi' this, for I am to 
preach elsewhere. The Duchess and Mrs. Pcndarves 
arc expecting me abovf to read a sermon, which, a^t 
aiifastiioiiable as it is, I have the courage to oum amongtit 

Id another letter she says to Mrs. Doncllan. 

" If the world be made for Csesar let him have it, but I 
will have my castle in the air, where my imagination 
shall entertain itself. Ton have one ol' the best apart- 
ments in it, and I sometimes make bold to snatch the 
Duchess of Portland from her great possessions on earth, 
io refresh herself in my airy mansion ; and I take Penny 
too from lier bimnesff of doin-j good in tkut worfd to 
her fpeculative employment of despising its vanities ! 
I think, too, I would have Sir John Stanley, for we see 
o/ga does net spoil his understanding, and I think Cupid 
wiU not, so let him he one." 

Mn. Pendarvt* lo Mn. Dewea, at SnuSei/. 

Bulstrode, 12th Dec., 1740. 

I am just come from the tea-table, where we have had a 
warm dispute occasioned by Madame de Sevigne's letters, 
which one of the company said, were very fulsome and 
wanted variety of expression to make them agreeable, 
and that a very sincere affectionate person could never he 
at a loss for a new thought on such a subject as friend- 
ship. If they were, it v/as a mark that their affection was 



not very warm. The lady that started the dispute 
would not yield that point, hut maintained the heart 
might he very warm though the imagination was not 
very bright. Another lady in the company said that wa« 
her opinion too, and that words may be wanting where law 
is not ; upon which says a wise philosopher in company, 
" What need have you to be in a fuss about sweet words, 
cannot you say My Syrup of Violets, or My Syrtqp of 
Coioslips r' This turned the disputant spirit into a loud 
laugh, dispersd the company, and gives me an oppor* 
tunity of flying to her for whom no expressions oaa be 
too kind to do justice to her merit and my love. 

We have been this morning to see Mrs. Tatton and her 
daughter, but found only the mother ; Tatty was gone 
to make a visit : they live near Uxbridge. When I came 
home I found a letter from Miss Granville, with one eor 
closed from Lord Jersey, where he insists on her going to 
town, for he can do nothing for her unless she does. I 
don't understand of what use such an expense will be ts 
her, but she must humour him or he may make it a pie* 
tence of flying from what he first promised. I go to hM 
to-morrow morning to tell her my mind at large upon it; 
but I wish it could be deferred till her sister was in town* 
But when I am there I can't offer her my house, as it can 
only contain myself and my other self, and like Sir Paul 
Methuen's ring that was refused by his mistress^ UfKUi 
which he flung it into the sea, since it can't be possessod 
by my first friend, it shall be offered to no one l)e8ides. 
Lord George Bentinck, the Colonel, and Mr. Harley aie 
expected here soon. I liave had a letter from Lady Sarah 
CowjxT. Mrs. Pointz is very well and brought to bed 
of a son. Lady Cowper is much worse than she was, and 


the Dochess of Newcastle in the same way and vflry bad. 
The Duchess of Leeds ' is very mach commendod ; she 
has behaved herself with ^eat civihty and complaisance 
in the country amongst the Duke's friends and neifjh- 
bours, and I hope she will appear as well in a crowd as she 
has done in the shade. Snch examples are wanting, and 
if the Duchesses of Portland and Leeds with the chiinns 
of yonth and every other attraction canttot bring virtue 
into fashion, I am afraid we must not expect to see her 
tread the stage in our days. I heartily wish she may hare 
as mach merit as our Duchess has, but I cannot think 
she will come up to that. 

I had a letter last post from Sally, the only one I have 
had since I saw her at Bradley j it was quite a domestic 
one, with an account of Jacky and Sally, Hally and Kitty. 
I own soch a, downright fire-side epistle from her disap- 
pointH me, tliongh I wish all her family well, and am glad 
to hear they are so. I find she carries her dauglitcr Sally 
with her, and her son Jack is to bo at Mr. Vinfy's. I 
could have wished it had been convenient to have gone 
there al<uie. Fare well. The Duchess of Portland has 
been two days without receiving one letter, at which 
she sighs and laments most heavily ; I hope you will write 
to her soon, for she loves "her Pip." Her GJrace, the 
Duke, Miss Fidget, Mrs. Pots, and the Philosopher all 
send their kind compliments; mine to Miss Hopkins. 
Mrs. Elstob is pretty well ; the children very well and 
mos* delightful. This is the third letter I have directed 
to you at Droitwych. 

I Hary, daugbler *nd faeirose of Kionci^ I^onl OoduliiUin, mnrrietl, 1740, 
Tliomas, 4lb Duke of Leeds. 


Mrs, PcwIarveB to Mn, Devoes^ iU BrodU^. 

Ballstrode, 21 Dae. 174a 

If the weather is as cold at Bradley (as I much fear it 
is) as with ns, should I be silent a post, you may pei^ 
haps imagine I am no better than Lot's wife. As yet, I 
am flesh and blood, but if the frost and extremely sharp 
winds continue much longer, the Lord knows what I 
shall be ! so I will make use of my time whilst I have 
strength and motion ; my best faculties must be devoted 
to my most dear sister, whose tender affection warms me 
in the midst of the severest cold. The wonder that used 
to arise on our constant correspondence by the idle men 
of the house is transferred from me to Miss Bobinson.who 
writes to two of her family constantly every post, and is 
as regularly ansicered, and one of them is her sister. This 
gives me an opportunity of stealing to you unobserved. 

Yesterday morning the Duchess received your duarm- 
ing packet ; she gave me leave to partake of the feast, 
for her disposition makes her always ready to com- 
municate whatever gives her pleasure; your letters 
always do, and she bids me give her kind love and 
thanks. Tlie Duchess will hardly be able to turn* any- 
thing for you before she goes to town, and I had given 
orders for the books, &c., to be sent you by the coach 
before I knew you had a box to come out of town. We 
have begim Pamela, but I will not say anything of it 
till you give me your opinion. By the time it comes to 
you I suppose you and my good brother may have 
chattered over all the transactions that have passed dor- 

1 llie Duclicis of PortUuid wa» celebrated /c/r turning. She turned in mod, 
jet, ivory, and amber. 


ing yonr separation, and may be glad to read a new book 
for variety. If it affords you any amnsement, my de- 
sign is aiiswered; you enclose me a letter for Mrs. 
Banoomb, but I don't know where our rambling Princess' 
is : she has not given me notice of her abode in town ; 
but I will enclose it to Donellan, who will know where to 
find her as soon as anybody. I hope you are as wise as 
I am, and set with hood and cloak on by the fire-side. The 
DtK^ess of Portland dines and sups in hers,^ and it would 
dirert jrou to see the wrapping up there is amongst us. 

Afi for all t^e remarkable news of London^ if titiere 
k any» I presume Mr. Dewes has told it you. I hear 
a monument is now putting up for Shakspeare ' in West- 
minster Abbey. Many Latin inscriptions have been 
effered to adorn the same and set forth his worth, and one 
was sent to Pope for his approbation ; the sense of it 
meant that after many years neglect Shakespeare appeared 
with general acclamation. Mr. Pope could not very well 
make out the author's meaning, and enclosed it to Dr. 
Mead with the following translation : — 

" After an hundred and thirty yean* napy 
Enter Shakespear^ with a loud clap." 

I will, if I have time to copy it out, enclose you a 
copy of verses of liis that I believe have not come in your 
hands, but there is a line or two I think had better have 
been omitted. I wish poets would be more delicate, or, 
at least, have some respect for those that are so. Our day 
is positively fixed for leaving Bulstrode — this day fort- 

* Mrs. Duncombe. 

^ The Duchess of Portland's partiality for soft warm hoocls and cloaks 
inoR'asod with age. The Kdilor's niotlicr had often seen her take ufT ^/;r, of 
various textures of silk, when she came out in an evening. 

3 In 1741 a monument was erected to Shakespeare in Westminster Abbey, 
and [jaid fur by the proceeds of beuelits at the two great theatres. 


night; my great consolation is that my letters will 
have less way to go. I told you I was engaged with 
Lord Bacon : I shall go on with that study this winter, 
when I can find time for reading. I like him excessively. 
I am now reading his book of the Proficiency and Ad- 
vancement of Learning, in which there are abundance of 
fine things, though some a little too dry and learned for 
me. I take reading of abstruse and difficult books 
to be something like children's spelling hard words, 
which at first they don't understand, but upon hearing 
them talked over and diligently using and attending to 
them, they come to know their use : his language is 
strong, and noble, and lively, and I am impatient to go 
on, for his Essays, they say, are very entertaining. 

Mr. Handel has got a new singer from Italy. Her 
voice is between Cuzzoni's and Strada's — strong, but not 
harsh, her person miserably bad^ being very low, and 
excessively crooked. Donellan approves of her : she is not 
to sing on the stage till after Xmas, so I shall not 
lose her first performance. Everything harmonious and 
delightful \n\!L bring you more strongly to my mind, a 
seat that you possess tcithout a rival. 'ilLy kind service 
to Mr. Dewes; all here send compliments. I bave 
heard nothing from Miss Granville since she first went 
to town ; I fear she has not met with success, for if she 
had she would have wrote me word. I had a letter from 
Mrs. Foley last week, but Mr. Dewes has seen her since 


Nowtx>rt,D«:. 30,lTiO. 

fXiault coafeseed with hearty repentance I am sure mH 
itfeet with forgivencBs from one so righteous and gootl na 
my dear Mrs. Dewes, though I own 1 am almost lUiworthy 
pt being ever again received Into your gracious favour 
after having been so long in my acknowledgnxeuts for your 
last extremely obliging epistle. Though in some moasurQ 
I am not as guilty as I must appear t6 you to bo, for I 
have this to say in my defence, that by our being rt'niovcd 
from Stoke before your letter came thither, and being 
under cover to Mr. Foley, it rambled some time before 
it came to my bauds, which deprived me of a sincere satis- 
faction. But, however, I'll pretend to make no excuse 
for myself, for undoubtedly my thanks ought to have 
attended you long before now ; therefore I lay myself at 
your feet and implore your royal mercy, my inost gracious 
Queen Anne ! I am obliged almost every week to write 
volumes to our good Mrs. Foley, who has been so good to 
undertake the trouble of furnisiiing our house iu town for 
us, so that we have many matters of business to settle 
between us which require a constant and loug correspond- 
ence to pass, and this has inilecd euipioyed great part of 
my time. But my thoughts and good wishes have often 
and will always attend Bradley, but I can most sincerely 
say my heart is always full of tender afTection for you, 
and wish you at all times, and more particularly at this 
season, all health and happiness, and a long continuance 
of it for many years. May the same good wish attend 
you that I had made me t'other day by a particular 
friend, — '" i/tat you may see many happy years, your chil- 
dren's children, and peace upon Israel." 



I must always obey your commands, or else I shonid 
never think of troubling you with particukr accountB of 
so trifling a subject as tliat relation of youis, Mrs. Foley ; 
bat since it is your desire to know how she fares in this 
world, I must tell you she is perfectly well, and very 
much your friend and liumble servant. How happy would 
your presence Itave made us here, my dear Mrs. Zkwea. and 
liow do I abominate those nasty sloughs which prerented 
your coming, since you really are so good as to say yoar 
iuclination would have made you venture to pass some time 
with us. The weather has been so bad that it has not 
permitted us to have much company, but we have been 
so good-humoured and happy amoTiffst ourselves ihai it has 
made the time pass very agreeably. 

You was a very true prophet about my boing " fond 
of Newport," for I really find new beauties in it evviy 
day, even notwithstanding the weather has confined as 
much to the house. I have a pleasure in viewing out of 
my window the improvements which aro making against 
another year, for Mr. Foley is very busy with his hedges, 
which will add much to the beauty of the fields, and 
cleonhness and little niceties of that kind, you know, I 
always humbly preferred before troublesome magnificence. 
Mr. Foley thought of you when he ordered tliis, and with 
pleasxu^ — for he knew he should have your approbation : 
it has procured us the sight of several fine oaks, whidi 
before were hid from the house. Were it not fix* the 
thought of seeing my dearest "Ninli't, Iinjiy, and Penny, 
I, should leave tliis place with^^' ' m .,>/. Iiui tho hopes 
of seeing them, you ' ;, yiw nw gitTut pleaanwJ 

We propose going *• ^ ' - - 

where we aha" L 


OF MliS. DEU.NY. H3 

ville's men hand to bo at her house, wliich kind offer wo 
shall do ourselves the pleasure to accept, anrl propose 
great satisfaction in having an opportunity of enjoyiug 
the happiness of her company. By thia time I hope Mr. 
Dewes ia returned from London to you ; I rtjoice you 
had the good luck to meet with Miss Hopkins as an en- 
tertaining companion in your solitude. I am nt>t at all 
Burprised at your being apprehensive of rogues'; you used 
to laugh at me for being a coward when guarded, as you 
have often told me, by thousands, and that you were 
never under the least fear, but now you see your noblo 
courage may be cast down. AVe laughed most heartily 
at your adventure. Mr. Foley and hie sister make} ou their 
compliments; wo all join in the sajne to Mr. Dewes. I 
can't find in my conscience to make you pay postage 
for this heap of nonsense, tlierefore shall send it to Mr. 
Foley to be franked, and by that means must still appear 
longer unthankful to you. But pardon mid love me stil], 
my dear Mrs. Dewes, and you'll add much to the happi- 
ness of, 

Your affectionate and faithful humble servant, 


Tbe following singular narraliTc was amongst the letters of 
Mary Ghunville. It beara date 1740, and is sufficiently curious to 
deserve insertion had it not been particularly preserved by her. 

" Mrs. Vigor, among many curious occurrences in her travels, 
had an extraordinary interview with some persons, whom at that 
time she did not know. This was attended with a wonderful 
coincidence of circumstances, which happened in the following 
manner : " Mrs. Vigor, after having resided some years in Russia, 
was, upon the death of her husband, obliged to return to England, 
As aha was with child, it was thought improper for her to 
proceed by sea ; she therefore set out with her servants by land. 



and the journey was pcrfunncd in i*lwl«jt's, on account of the snow. 
They left Pctersburgh, and jMuwing througli Livonia and Cour- 
land, arrived at Memel in Polisli Prussia. She was here obliged to 
take up her quarters in an inn, which to her mortification she 
found full of Prussian officei's and soldiers. Tliis was an unfortu- 
nate circumstance, to Mrs. Vigor, whose situation at that time was 
critical, as she expected soon to be in a state of conGnement. A 
gentleman who had attended her in her journey ha]>i>enc-d in the 
ailemoon to go out, in order to make a visit to some merchants 
and other principal persons of the place, to whom he liad letters; 
and in conversation he took the liberty to ask if it were not pos- 
sible to obtain a private lodging C^r a lady, whose present place of 
rt'sidence was very inconvenient. A peram quite unknown said, 
that he believed apartments were to be had, and those very com- 
modious and retired, and as he was going home he would very 
soon send a particular account. This news was carried lu 'Mis. 
Vigor, and in about an hour a very polite letter came, subscribed 
* Meyer, ^ (the name of the person spoken of above) ; and in this 
letter the apartments were pointed out, in which it was hoped 
that Mrs. Vigor would find every accommodation that she oould 
desire ; and added, that tlie " sooner Mrs. Vigoi* came the better,^ 
Tlie servants were accordingly ordered to get ever}'thing in readi- 
ness; and a conch being procured, they set out for the house 
to which they liad been directed. 

'* Mrs. Vigor found it spacious and stately, and was carried up 
to a drawing-room, where they were treated with everything 
requisite, and there was afterwards a supper 6er\'ed up. They 
were in a state of wonder at these tx^currences, but at last got 
intelligence from their ser^-ants, that the house in which they were, 
belonged to the very person who first gave intimation about apart- 
ments to be obtained, and afterwanls wrote the letter. This raised 
their wonder still more. However, nothing transpired tliat night, but 
in the morning, at breakfast, the gentleman of the house made his 
api>eaiunce, and with him a young person who seemed to be his 
son. Mrs. Vigor got up, and mentioned how greatly she was 
obliged to him f>r his goodness, but at the same time told him 
how nuich she was embarrassi-d, a£( it was out of her power to 
make any a^tum for tlu-se civilities. Mi. Meyer begged uf Mnt. 


V%or iiiiit ber fneiidi to be easy cm diafc head ; for aaya he, *' All I 
do Ib atttmm: it is m oooaequence of faToun received — ao that 
jtmt Aebt is oanoelied befove it is incurred.'" Ai thej did BOi 
aeMi tt> dbderMand him, he proceeded to exjdftiii his "^■'■"^"g ; 
^Tou nhiat kaiow,'' aays he» ** that I have a great esteem fixr the 
'Bt^aA Bftfion ifi general^ but I have obligations to parUeuhn 
ifliich eahimbes mj regard. You see here this young mKn^ who is 
mjr eoaj; he was last year upon his travels in England, and 
painBg down from'the north towards the capital, he was taken 
v«y ilL Bjs disorder was so violent, that he was £iroed to take 
lef^jlS wheiever he could find shelter, which was not easily to be 
prt cttw id^ His distesaper was tlie small-pox, and he was housed 
in a HDall £rtj ale-house, where he must have died for want <^ 
eaie and aeoomBiodataon. A gentleman of the place heard that a 
rtwniyir was iU, and was so humane as to make him a viat When 
he fiynid the nature of his disorder, he ordered him to be 
ir i i nip ed up securely, and conveyed him in his coach to his owa 
hoasb. To Hm gentlemaa*s goodness, and to the assiduitj and 
attention of those about him, mjf wn owes hU life, and I am 
indebted Soft my son. Hence I make it a rule that no person from 
England shall come to this place without meeting from me every 
mark of r^ard that I can possibly show." — "Pray, sir," says Mrs. 
Vigor, to the son, •* whereabouts was it in the , north of England, 
that you met with this civility ?" — " It was," says he^ ** at a place 
called MeiKley^ near Leeds, in Yorkshiie." — Mrs. Vigor was struck 
with this ; " And pray, sir, may I ask what was the gentleman's 
nameT' — **His name, madam," said the other, " was Goodwin." — 
" Sir,* says Mrs. Vigor, ** it woe my oum father /" 

We may well imagine how Mr. Meyer's face glowed at this. What 
was befiire general civility was now hightcned into the warmest grati- 
tude : he testified the greatest satisfaction in having before his eyes 
the daughter of the person to whom he esteemed himself so much 
obliged. The son came up with great politeness to Mrs. Vigor, and 
told her he ought not to have waited for any previous eclaircissement^ 
he ought to have known her at once ; " for," (said he,) " no daughter 
can be more like to a father than you are to Mr. Goodwin." Mr. 

VOL. II. I' 


Mcycr begged of them now to be no longer undor anj; difficidftias 
on account of the little civilities which he might offer theou • i^SM> 
Vigor had a claim to everything^ for he was greatly in bet d^bt 
He sent the next day to his daughter, who was maixied to a 
person of consequence at the distance of a few leagues, and desired 
that she would come and keep Mrs. Vigor company ; she tuMxtA" 
ingly came with her husband, and there was a renewal of citS- 
ties. It was particularly requested of Mrs. Vigor that she ifaoald 
take up her residence with them till she had paased the ijineof 
her confinement, but this could not be. Mrs. Vigor had reoeivod 
repeated solicitations from her friends to make her appeanuoipe at 
soon as possible in England, her affairs required it, and she i^ 
obliged to leave this grateful and hospitable family^ after a 
residence of a few days, which she could have wished to have be^ 
as many years. Mrs. Vigor left Memcl, and passing throt^ Ko- 
ningsburgh and Dantzick, arrived at Hanover ; after a flhott ttliy 
here she set out for Holland and Helvoet, and from theaoe took 
shipping for England. This happened in the year IT^O.** 

Mrs, Pendarves to Mrs, Dewei, 


I will proceed to give you an account of our doings at 
Norfolk House.* I told you what my clothes were. 
Dash went with me, she was in pale pink and silyer 
very well drest, and looked like the picture of Mpdestj ; 
we went at half an hour after one. I never saw V> foJ^ ft 
Court, the Prince was in black velvet, the Friiioesa in 
white and gold and colours, a very fine rieh stnfil 
She looked very majestic and well, and acquitted her- 

1 ** Norfiik Hous^r Frederick Prince of Wales rented ihia 
firom the Duke of Norfolk, and inhabited it while Carlton Houeei mbadk he 
had purchased from the Dowager Countess of Burlingtos, was beiK fBS- 
pared for his receptioo. King George the Third was bom at Norfolk Boiue, 
Juno 4, 1738. 


^f, as she alwajrs does, with great propriety. My Lady 
Bcaxborong'h' waa in violet-coloured satin, the petticoat 
embroidered with clumsy festoons of nothing at alts sup- 
portefl bi/ pillars no better than posts, the gown covered 
with embroidery, a very unmeaning pattern, but alto- 
gether very fine. Lady Cobliam and the Duchess of 
Bedford in rich gold stuiF. Lady llrucc' in h-mon-colour 
; richly embroidered with silver and colours, a small pat- 
tern ; Lady M. Tufton^ white embroidered with garlands 
'vad, jimeer-pots of flowers mixt witli a great deal of silver, 
it cannot be described so well as it looked, ibr it was hand- 
BQme; Lady GodscIiaU had on a suit of clothes that were 
.designed for her in case she had been Lachj Mayoress, 
white satin embroidered with gold and bro^vns, very fine. 
The Ducliess of Queeasbury 8 clothes pleased me beat; 
they were white aatin embroidered, the bottom of the 
petticoat brown hills covered with all sorts of weeds, and 
eoery breadth had an old stump oj a tree tliat run np 
almoBt to the top of the petticoat, broken and rag^;ed 
and worked with brown chenille, round which twined 
nafltewiams, ivy, honeysuckles, periwinkles, convolvu- 
luses and all sorts of twining flowers which spread and 
lioTered the petticoat, vines with the leaves variegated 
as you have seen them by the sun, all rather smaller 
than nature, which made them look very light: the 
irobiiil^ and facings were little green banks with all sorts 
of Weeds, and the sleeves and the rest of the gown loose 

> FronoM, daughter of George, let Earl of Orkney, married Tbomae, 3rd 
&rt of Scarborougti. 

* CuvliiM, on]; daagfater of General John Campbell, afterwardn Duke of 
Ai^Tfl, Mid third wife of Charles Lord Bruoe. 

• Lftdj lAsrj Tofton, eldest daughter of Swjkville Earl of Thanet, born 
in 1723. 



twining branches of the same sort as those on the petti- 
coat: many of the leaves were finished with gold» 
and part of the stumps of the trees looked like the gild* 
ing of the sun. I never saw a piece of work so prettUy 
fancied, and am quite angry with myself for not having 
the same thought, for it is infinitely handsomer than 
mine^ and could not cost much more ; these were the fineit 
ladies. Lady Carteret was in an ugly flowered silk on 
a dirty yellow ground, Miss Carteret in pale pink sutin 
and vej*y gloroius vnth jewels ; Mrs. Spencer in a white 
flowered velvet very dull, but all the Duchess of Mad* 
borough's jewels ; Lady Dysart did not go, nor Lady 
Catherine Hanmer,^ though she had bought clothes ; my 
Lady Egmont's^ brother died three weeks ago, and my 
lady out of perverseness would not let her go, for nobpdy 
observes forms for an uncle after they are buriedp TCbe 
ball was begun at nine, by the Prince and Prinoeps, 
and lasted till I was tired of the number that sailed 
about. The finest man was Lord Annandale,' who is 
just come home : he is very tall, and what is called band- 
some, and much commended for his danoing. The men 
in general were not remarkably fine. Dash, by a ana- 
take of her mantua-maker's was spoiled for a cUmcer; 
but she danced country dances with Sir Francis 
Dashwood,^ who stuck by us all night, and is a very 

^ La<i7 Catherine Hanmer was the eldest daughter of John, Eurl of 
Egmont. She married, 14 April, 1733, Thomas mnmor, Esq. 

^ The Countess of %mont was Catherine, eldest dai^hter of Sir Philip 
Parker A'Morley, Bart. 

' George Johnstone, 3rd Marquis of Annaodafe, died S0th Apdl, ITQSi 

* Sir Francis Dash wood married Sarah, daughter and hoiras of ThoniM 
Gould, E»q., and relict of Sir Hichard Ellys. Sir Francis suooeeded, itt ITfe, 
to the Iku-ony of I^ De8{)cuoer in right of his mother. He wve-el 4De 
time head of the War Office and Chancellor of the Exchequer, fvon Mbj, 
17C2 to April 1703, and died without issue, 11 Dec^ 1781. 

' ' OF MKS. DKI-ASy. 149 

entertoinitig man. W* loft the great crowd at one, and 
when I came home I foand j'our letter. 


M. P. 

T have some thoughts of gtjing with my brother into 
Staffordshire early in the spring and meeting you at 
Glofueester, where I find you think of •j'^ing towards 
July, for I don't know liow to bear the tliought of being 
from you at that time. Thus runs my scheme for yoa 
and nic : my mother comes to yon a» soon as the roads 
will permit, and stays v/\i\\ you till June, at which time 
(if yon are resolved against lying-in in London) I sup- 
pose you will return with my mother to Gloucester, and 
I shall have taken my tour to Calwich, and will come to 
Gloucester the beginning of July, and return with you to 
Bradley. By that time the summer vnU be too far advanced 
for you or my motht-r to go to Calwich, and he says now it 
Would not be reasonable to desire she should leave yoa. 

Tliia letter war 'not dated, but the date is determined by the 
death of Lady Eginont'a brotber, Sii Philip Parker A'Morley 
Long, who died in 1741. 


ifrt. Pendarvei to iirt, Dewct. 

Jermj-n Street, 23rd April, 1741. 

This will be the last letter I shall date from hence ; 
iat next Saturday I remove from dust, noise, and hurry, 
to sweet air. tranquillity, and leisure ; all these delights 
Northend can give, and with them I choose to live! where 
the Penseroso and Allegro will be blended, and set off 



each other so as to make it a Kfe of perfect harmony— ^as 
much so as it is possible for me to find, without the addi- 
tion of my dearest sister's company ; but having that to 
terminate my view, I own I feel a very sincere pleasture 
in going to my much favoured bower, and notwithBtaading 
the sharp winds that make a fireside no despicable 'phce, 
I hope to warm myself with exercise, and defy sea-coal. 

The Duchess of Portland is just as well as I hope you 
will be the latter end of July. I was her constant atten- 
dant Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, the three days 
the Duke spent at Windsor — such tete-h^tttes you know 
are rarities. On Monday I received both your letters ; 
one of them I should have had the post before, but it 
came in company with yours from Mapleborough. 1 
rejoice at your having performed that bold undertaking 
so well, and am sure it must please Mrs. Dewes to see 
you. I will cut out the arms for you as soon as I get 
to Northend, but you must send me a good impression, 
are yours to be with them ? I have not time at present 
to thank Mr. Dewes for his kind lines in your letter ; 
but at my grot I purpose doing handsome things by all 
my friends. 

I have had no trouble, my dearest sister, about any 
of your afiairs, but much pleasure ; I shall send the box 
this week by the carrier, but cannot get Cicero for you. 
The bandbox, basket, and pincushion you must be so 
good as to accept of from me ; I took them all of Mrs. 
Bowker, and hope you will approve of my perfoniHiiiee. 
I wiU get myself perfectly informed of the new dress fitt* 
the bantling, that I may instruct you when I come to 
Glocester. I have sent you four yards of cowse long 
lawn, and two yards finer for the little night-caps, etc,; 


I suppose you will line the cradle with dimity or white 
Calico, quihiid. Let me know if you want anything of 
th« kind or any otlitr, and I will brinjf it with me ; as 
(or pirn, I think you pay the compliuient to Glocesier 
of buying pins there. I am sorry George had ni)t time 
to lunke those things that are made, but had I sent tliem 
to you only cut out, I thought that would not be so 
good a direction, but some oJ' the little niceties irwc 
George's work. The clock has etnick three, and / iniLtf 
fiDUb a picture before 1 dine ; I have ordered my dinner 
at four, and at eight go to Dover Street, where Mrs. Foley 
holds a grand assembly ; oh buar me to the plains of 
fair Northend, that I may no more be encumbered with 
these innumerable interruptions. The Duchess of Leeds, 
caine to me at twelve, and staid till past two. For ever 

M. P. 
Short stays and long stays are forgot, but make them 
of hna latcn. 

Mil. Deu-ts lo Mr*. Petidarva. 

May 1T4I. 

I congratulate my dearest Penny's arrival to the seat 

of delights, but you carry delight with you, and then 

faru^ you. Jind it there. 

" Dame of the nidtly clieek and ImigliiDg eye, 
From whoaa bright presence eronda of sorrows fly." 

Health, content, and every blessing attend your steps, 
for you were certainly bom to cheer as well as chann all 
your triends. How enlivening is the account of North- 
end in your last letter 1 And how delightful the good 
newB of^my Lord Duplin's advancement, and the kind 



promise he has made for our friend's sou! I hops 
Providence will make him the instrument of putting 
that boy in. a happy station ; and I bdiieve he haa a 
heart capable of feeling how much good he cm dispenM 
to others. I rejoice for my Lady Kinnoul ; but I miost 
contract my rhapsodies, because franks are otit of 
fashion, but I beg that may not prevent your /sendiiig 
one thought, for every word of yours is worth dooUe 
postage. I should have begun by answering your kind 
packet of the 2'i^, where you give so exact an aeoooat of 
all the trouble you have had about my afiairS) whiek I 
am sure are all done to perfection ; there is but om 
thing I can complain of, and that is the bandbox juid 
basket. How» my dear sister, can I want any new pioofii 
of your love, when I have so many already grafted on 
my heart? And why should you add to nomberleas 
obligations, at a time when the hurry and bustle of a 
remove^ may make all unnecessary expenses iBConvei^ieiit? 
I could almost chide you, were it not ungrateful and you 
won't be thanked ; so I must end this subject with my 
pen, but not in my mind. I suppose the box will arrive 
to*morrow, and I will then give you an account of it. 

I know Adl well how impossible it is for Gkoxge to 
do more work than she daily performs, and that la aa 
much as if she had twenty instead of ten fingers ; but I 
am sure I shall find some employment where her handi- 
ness will be very serviceable. I am really concerned for 
Dapper more than, as you say, one should he far a dog ; 
and as he got his bane at Bradley, it is a double grief .io 
me, but I will endeavour to forget him as I hope you wilL 
We have had a loss of tliat kind — Hector, the stately 

I Mrs. PeuOarvcs was about to cliange bcr house in Londoa. 


greyhoond ; he lay violently ill three days, anrl tlien 
txpired. Charles thought liini mad, but it ha* affet-fA-d 
noDe of the other dofjs, imd they could give no a«::coaut 
of his baring been bit. 

I am glad the Duchess of Leeds visit* you so ofVn. for 
it will be of service to hpr. T could easily have found a 
eesemblance to your nigktin'jaU (whieli far (•x<'C(k1» Strada's 
description in feucy), hut that the person I mean, neither 
blows nor will paint lier own perfectione, while she niag- 
nifies the smallest good qualities in others. No mortal 
euutd ao sensibly describe the pleasures of the country as 
you do, did they not feel them exquisitely ; but in your 
hoteer jon have art joined to nature to make it beyond 
eftntpare. Here we are all wildness, though not without 
•or beauties, and though iio nightingalfs reach our peaceful 
grovcB. they want not harmony, sueh as krks, blackbirds, 
luid (goldfinches. Our hedges and fields are verdant, and 
the apple and pear tri'o^ nuikc a vpry gaudy appearance, 

" 'I'bej speak their Maker as tbey can. 
Bat nant and nek the totigue of man." 

We can never talk too much of these rural delights ; 
they soften and eompose the mind, and raise our thoughts 
to the bountiful Author of all these beauties, who dis- 
penses blessings and wonders in every plant and animal. 
I waat to send you some of o\a jocund lambs — they raise 
oitf Bpirits by tiieir innocence and liveliness, the cow 
is glrown an absolute beauty, and is more worthy now of 
the honour of your pencil than when you drew her picture. 
Our grounds are covered with cowslips, and in short we 
have more spring and freshness than could be expected 
from so dry a season. But I cannot enjoy our soHtude 
so much as if I were as nimble as u«ual, and when Mr. 


Dewes leaves me, who is so kind to lead me through all the 
pleasaat ea^y waUks^ and who enjoys every JieUi woAev^ . 
tree as much as I do, I sluJl be forced to eit still. ■ Iwaa* 
not the worse for going to Ma^eborough, and received ^i 
very obliging proofs of kindness and good wiUj^- Mr- > 
Dewes is gone tl^ere to-day, and I had a great mind to have. < 
accompanied him, but mama thought it better not.: : . 

I am obliged to our dear Princess for a letter last post, 
which I will answer as soon as I can ; my mother's 
kindest blessing attends you, and Mr. Dewes best wishes, 
with all our services to my dear brother, and rospeote jtp 
the beneficent Lord of "Beauty Spot;" and as Ibng^as,. 
you can enjoy Northend, I shall be in no concent. abQut 
your not finding a house in town, — there's time.euQUgU , 
for that between this jtnd winter. This was^wirot^, 
yesterday, and this afternoon I proposed adding to j^%^,i 
when Mr. Hunt came in and prevented me, at thQ ^aine . 
time Mr. Dewes was gone to Beckenham. I mustleiiTe ,. 
room to give you an account of the box, whicli ChturJ^s., 
is gone to Alcester for. 

Welcome to May^ my dearest sister — Ms^y the i^otst ; 
pleasing month of all the year, and to me the happi^t^ 
for it produced every tiling good in my much loved 

Friday nighf. 

The box is arrived safely, but it is too late to open" 
it, so must defer a more particular account of it till iieiAi ' 
post ; besides we have just heard of a veiy melancholy 
accident that has put us all to concern. Poor JUrBi- 
D&oes^ fell down to-day and has hurt herself very iMidljr; 
they fear she has broke her leg or thigh. They sent 16 

» 3f r. Dc'Wvji't motlicr. 

OrWKS; IjELAKV. i«> 

two places for a eatgeiin, and cmild not g*?t one. Yoti' 
know bow good a son Mr. Dowwi is, imd liow fendCT^' i 
Iiwirtfd to evcrvbody, — and therefofo imagine Iiowmuch 
he is affected, be has seat to-night, and goes to*niolTow 
mortiiog. He left Mrs. Dcwm last night very well, 
which makes it doubly Shocking to hare an acictdcut ' 
happen bo suddenly. . . ^ 

fjnoq i>itii 7ni.J'jJ •-■■ -i'-i Xi--'f j <i M'i ii:;'?r ilf. ./) lrf>tjll<Jo itUt I 

.„,U..m ■"•',^'^J„ZJi^'lSkV^" "'",', -"°!^J 

'■'' " " " Newport", June 12. mi!'.' 

*rti6iigh T 90 lately troubled dear Mrs. Dewes with a long 
cplSti^; 1 can't omit enquiring the first opportunity after 
your health on performing your journey to Glostcr, where 
I heard you was expected on Wednesday, and bope you . 
got there safe and well. I shall he very impatient to 
hear of you — not from you at present, therefore beg yod 
to eihploy some charitable scribe to give me that great, 
sat^^tion. I suppose Madam Pen will now soon 
attend your fair ladyship : she had a scheme of bringing 
my sisters so far with her in their way to Herefordshire, 
but my sister Anne ohjects ; so her reasons I suppose 
are good for so doing, but I know tbem not. They do 
not come hither till August ; T shall envy tbem the 
pleasoie of seeing yon and yours en chemin. Mr. Foley 
aad„I have been quite by ourselves ever since wfc oaUie 
iuther. ' Mr. and Mrs. Foley come to os next week. t, 
I beg you will make my best compliments acceptable 
to Mrs. Granville and Mra. Dewes. Mr. Foley joins 
with me in the same, and desires me to add his humble ' 
service to yon. 

I am, dear cousin, 
Your affectionate faithftil humble servant, 

G. Foley. 




Mrs. Pcndarvcs to Mrs. Delves. 


J. was transported with pleasure at receivitlg so lively 
and so particular an account of you as your last letter 
gave me. Notliing delights me so much as to bioiv 
how you do, what you do, and every little circumstance 
belonging to you ; I wanted such a cordial last night, 
for I had spent four hours in a melancholy way with our 
amiable Duchess, who is under great affliction for my 
Lord Oxford. He was taken ill on Saturday night ; it is 
hard to say what his distemper is, but his whole mslto of 
blood is corrupted, and one of his legs mortified ; lie ia 
in no pain at present, and will soon be quite at rest. His 
daughter, who has, joined to the most lively sensibility, 
great gratitude and affection for him and my Lacly 
Oxford, suffers a great deal now, and you may tliink I 
shall not leave her till her spirits are composed. I staid 
with her till 12 o'clock last night, and saw her vntix 
pain and pleasure ; nothing can be said to her dat her 
own piety and goodness does not suggest, and I hope slie 
will bear this unfortunate stroke with a proper fortitade, 
for she is surrounded with many blessings. 

My Lord Oxford has of late been so entu^ly given up to 
drinking, that liis life has been no pleasure to him or sotis^ 
faction ^o his friends ; my Lady Oxford never leaves his 
bedside, and is in great trouble ; the scene is painful to' nil 
his friends, but he has sense and goodness of heart, taA 
I hope proper reflections on this great occasion, and 
when the first shock is over there are circumstances that 
must be an alle\nation to his loss. He has had no 
enjoyment of the world since his mismanagement of his 
afl'airs ; it has hurt his body and mind, and hastened Aw 

death ; pray God preserve us all from too great anxiety 
for worldly afiairs ! . 

JG&ioe> I wrote 1^, Bet Castleman has made me a visit. 
^Q|fa^.s|ie;i8 th^ happiest of her £uiuly,.but grqnts 
1^ gr^ifipB .f» jiaxisX, aiid t^ghs . fbir a letter firom yoA.; but 
j^.^ifer .figh OfQ^Taad .^rite tO: nobody but Mr. Dewes.and 
|i^g(^,,,.^W})^ea,^^^.l^ xae I went to see Dalme^9a. 
f:!^ h^p^ her.jfit and^ betters—I h^peiAAfair 
ivay fpf rdcwg weU; J&oia thenpe I came to Whitehall i^ 
dixML.ldl^i .ooT'dear afflicted Dachess ; before • I came I 
AM^y^ a.^te jScom Lady Carteret, to desire me to ooxnp 
1^ Jhf^. ^if^^u, m^ and seven to meet the Prineei a|i4 
J^nf^ce^.jpf .TV^^es, who were to driak tea at her hpuse. 
l^eni^y^i^nse^but sa thjs Duchess was obliged to go 
ifk^tff^j^Qxi^ at six, J weat to Arlington atreet . Xl^e 
!]^f^lj^,^^^ld, !^ were very griu^ipus and good-hi]^ 

piomedi rbut my heart and thoughts were with the 
Duress. I am just returned to her dressing-room. 
Xiord Oxford, poor man, is released 1 She and the Duke 
are not yet come home. Thank God she is in good 
health, and I hope this unhappy stroke will have no 
other effect than what must naturally attend it. I will 
write to you next post, and let you know how she does ; 
don't naake yourself uneasy, for she bears up as well as 
can be expected ; I shall stay in town two or three days 
longer than I designed, for I can't leave the Duchess till 
she is a little recovered ; I hope to see Mr. Dewes to- 
morrow morning. I liave not absolutely fixed my day, 
because it may be a day or two kter than I designed, 
for if the Duke of Portland can go out of town about 
that time, it will be both convenient and pleasant to me 
to take the opportunity of travelling with them to Oxford. 


Now good nighty it is as impossible for me to expzeBS the 
impatience I have to be with you and my dear mama« as 
it is to say how much I am yours. Mr. Adikrd*ii']par- 
ticular compliments. The dear Duchess in the midst of 
her trouble remembers her " dear Pip*' 

The above letter is undated, but the death of Loxd Oxfivd giy6$ 
the period at which it was written. The following account appeijped 
in the London Daily Post, June 18, 1741 : — " On Tuesday Eight 
last, died at his house in Dover Street, the Bight HonouraUethc 
Earl of Oxford and Mortimer. His Lordship married Lady Hen- 
rietta Cavendish HoUis, only daughter and heir of John Daikie of 
Newcastle, by whom he left only one daughter, the Lady BCairgately 
married to bis Grace the Duke of Portland." It it further le^ 
corded on 23rd of June : — *' About twelve o'clock this ni|g^t» Iht 
corpse of the late Earl of Oxford (having been put in a Iradcm 
coffin, and inclosed in another covered with crimson velvet) . will 
be removed from his Lordship's house in Dover Street to the Jeru- 
salem Chamber, from whence it is to be interred in a pooipoiii 
manner in Westminster Abbey. A guilt plate of curioutWoik- 
manship, with the following incicription, is fixed thereon :-^ 

Tbo Moet Noble Lord, 
Edwabd Uarlbt, 
Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, 
And Baron Uarley of Wigmoie, 

In the county of Hereford. 
Bom the 11th of June, 1688. '^ ' 

Died the 16th of June, 1741.'* 

hdsd OsBory writes to Dr. Swift on this oceanon, 4di Jnlyy 
1741 : — ** Poor Lord Oxford is gone to those regions fiom wlienoe 
travellers never return, unless in an mry visit to ^t^^^iw loTei% 
as Margaret to William; or to cities devoted to deatYudioa, ai 
Hector amidst the flumes of Troy. 

irv.MOlTMKS. DELANY. 159 

ifl Jiniiiiu -lii-A. v.ii l.i.i*»ri.V!0|frruL* ,, , i . ■,^■..U.^l.rA 

.'"^ , ' ■' ^ . '"'"'■'""■ ^''■""" "''j„iiYaftJ.iT«.,| 

Coiud I hav« a^ioistered any coasolatioa to 
yoiir Grace, and had fortome to do it, 1 then should 
hare been qaite inexcaaable ; but I too well know that the 
firet agonies of real sorrow Lave no ear, and that a man 
tmght as wisely talk to his friend in a fever, and desir« 
his pulse to lie still, as to philosophize with a wounded 
heart. These, madam, are the strokes of Heaven, nor 
igill they be defeated in their effect ; nor, indeed, is it 
for our interest that they should. Of God Ahnighty's 
manifold blessings to mankind, his afflictions are the 
greatest — they will make us wise, or nothing will. We 
c&hnot bear an uninterrupted prosperity prosperously, — 
we cannot bear it without being a little intosicated with 
the delicious cup, which will mal^e our virtue reel if not 
fall. Hence an antient said, as wisely as wittily, that no 
man is so unhappy as he who never knew affliction ; I 
therefore congratulate your Grace on what you suffer, nor 
let it sound cruel or harsh in your ear, for in this I am but 
a little beforehand with yoor own self; for shortly you 
wUl bless God for this great calamity, and find that the 
best may be bettered by the kind discipline of Heaven. 
Heaven suffers nothing to happen to man but what is 
for his temporal or eternal welfare ; and our tears have 
as muoh reason to praise God as our triumphs. In what 
a blessed situation are we, then, madam, under such a 
Being, who does, who will do, who can do nothing but 

I The Author of "Night Thoughts." 

3 This letter must bave l>een given bj tlie Ducheta of Portland to Mrs. 



favour good ? What passion in the heart of mwi is half 
so natural, as the love of God while man is in his right 
senses ? We have no motives of love, hut either the ex- 
cellence of the thing itself or its henefit to us ; and in 
neither view has God any rival, or shadow of it. Now, 
why is divine love so natural to us ? and why is it en- 
joined as tlie first and great command? Because, if this 
is complied with, a course of duty will he a course of de- 
light ; we shall have the same pleasure in it as a fine 
gentleman has in obeying liis favourite mistress. Love 
carries the whole heart with it, and when our heart is 
engaged among toils and difficulties we find ease and 
pleasure, and nothing is too hard for the great alacrity of 
our attempts. 

But is not love too familiar a passion for such insects 
towards the King and Father of all beings ? It seems to 
be so. But I beg your Grace (for the Bible is a pretty 
book) to review the Gospel for Whitsunday, and to see 
what a familiar intimacy by that tremendous power is 
indulged to men ; I never read it but with astonish* 
ment ; nor is it possible for any one who reads it to so** 
pect that any of His dispensations are really severe, who 
spoke to us in such language as the fondest fiither might 
make use of, and who will encourage no expectationa in 
us that shall not be far surpassed by the event. 

In a word, madam, Heaven is as solicitous for our 
happiness here as is consistent w^ith its far kinder ooncem 
for our happiness hereatler ; and our afflictions (which it 
saying much in their favour) plainly tell us we are im« 
mortal ; icere ice not wc should be as free from earss, 
but then we should be as destitute of hope, as the heasti 
that perish. May that Power who '^bindeth up the 

OF HBB. DELAKY. ' 161 

bnken haaii^-' and giveth medieine to heal its sickness, 
lie for enrer your Grace's comfort and defence. Please to 
aeeept the most cordial good wishes for the re-establish- 
mnt of jFOvir peacci and the most sincere respects for the 
sole fimndation of it — your yirtnes, from 

Tour Grace's servant^ 

Edward Touko. 

' What I write is not to inform but confirm your Ghuoe« 
oir xttther to shew my court by shewing that in points of 
cbnseqoence I have the honour to be of your opinion. 

tfeUwyn, July 12ib, 1741. 

Mn. JMeif (o Mr$. Ikwn^ at Mn. OrammB^B, 4n Glotlet. 

Stoke, Jidy 14, 1741. 

Among many reasons that make Mr. Foley's being a 
candidate disagreeable to me, one of the greatest is its 
preventing my seeing my dear Mrs. Dewes this week, 
which I fully intended ; but Mr. Cornwall, on whom Mn 
Foley has laid many obligations, has no other way of 
returning them but by doing him all the mischief in his 
power, and has accordingly declared he shall have an op- 
position. Though this declaration will do no more than 
expose himself, yet it makes an early and more particular 
application to the freeholders necessary, and all our 
servants and horses are employed in carrying out circular 
letters, so that I must defer seeing you till you set up, 
which is really the most sensible disapointment I have 
met with a great while; for my affection for you is 
not of the common sort, and consequently not to be 



satisfied ynth making professions only ; besideB, I have 
many tilings to say to you improper to trust in black 
and white, would time give me leave to send ihem to 
you that way, but that alas ! will not do. I wish I eoold 
spend it as much to my satisfaction as in writing to you* 
but there's no remedy but patience for this ; so now lakaill 
long to hear you are in a condition to hear me prattle to 
you, and at the same time dandle your babe, which I Btn 
very dextrous at. I needn't say how anxious I am about 
you, and how much obliged I. shall be to anybody that 
has time to write, if it be but a line every post to let me 
know how you do. I think I must wish it may ^ a 
son, because tliat sex is generally most acceptable to the 
gentlemen, but for yours and mt/ own sake I shall be 
glad if it is a daughter. It is a great pleasure to me to 
hear my dear Penny is sa well, the secretary she employ 'd 
writes so well that her apology was needless ; I yeqkon 
the diversions of the assize will take her up a day o? tfWOi 
When does Mrs. Eastcourt lye-in ? — I hope she wiU nol 
interfere with your ladyship. 

My brains are so full of nonsensical eleotion «A^ii% 
having heard of nothing else this week, that you lyiuet 
expect nothing cntertaiuing firom me. On Satmiday our 
sweet Primrose comes, and she will, if 'tis possible to be 
done, inspire me with a little life and spirit ; which the 
being drawn out into the world, and the breaking all our 
schemes of improving this place, and living quietly in 
this sweet retreat, have quite damped, for I grudge every 
penny spent in London, and look upon it as robbing the 
tenants and poor of wliat ought to be spent amongst 
them. I wish everybody that has property in this county 
were of the same opinion, Uerefordshire would not be 


80 desolirte m it is>for the largest fortunes are entirely re- 
ktm^ &ui of it. Our church is almost finished, but by 
ifte bltmders' of the workmen, and obstinacy of Mr. 
Wfckin^/ it will not be so handsome as the draught, 
Whijbh Vexes me extremely ; I wish Mr. Foley had not 
had so tnttch complaisance in the affair. He is gone to 
day fc Hereford, it being sessions ; he has not been at 
honie a week together since we came from London, nor 
h VOteif to be till he goes thither again. Pray is not 
there in Gloucester a person that draws very neatly for 
e^hteen p^tiee a yard square ? 

Ton imention not a word of Mr. Dewes, I hope he is 
Wb!l wherever he is, and that his mother has recovered 
frbntf her fall P My letter vrill consist of questions, but I 
niittrt ask after Mr. Granville, and what part of the world 
he id in? 

And now, my dear Mrs. Dewes, it is high time to release 
you, bat I cannot do it till have assured you of the par- 
ticular good wishes (proper at this time) of your friends 
liere, Griffiths desires duty and wishes herself with you 
by way of good woman ; my most humble service waits 
on your good mama, who I hope soon to congratuliite on 
her new title, as also Madam Pen. 

I am, your ever faithful and affectionate 

E. Foley. 

The Hon^ Mrs. Foley to Mvb, Dtum. 

Newjort, Sept. #th, 1741. 

I hope my dear Mrs. Dewes does not impute my being 
so long a time without my assuring lier tlie sincere joy 
I have at her happy recovery to be owing to the least 

M 2 


want of regard to her, but really I thought tifjr stapid 
epistle would sooner lower your spirits than rnse tii^m; 
and therefore depended on the goodness and eloqueaoe^ 
my dear Penny to make you sensible how great » iatofiu^ 
tion it is to me the hearing of your being restored id us 
again in good health ; and I hope she has done me jostks 
to you. I never felt greater joy than at seeing a krUa^ 
to Mrs. Foley, directed by your own hand; It gare- Mfe 
as much pleasure as I had pain when I knew 3roo was 
in misery, but tliere are no roses without thorns. Were 
it possible for me to envy my sisters any pleasure in the 
world, I should their having the happiness of seeing my 
friends at Gloucester : and, how do I wish to see yoit Ifttlo 
boy ! His merit to me now is being yow son, butl'frope 
to live to see him have so much of his own, that I sliuA 
love him on his own account. I rejoice to hear by 
everybody who has seen him that he is so charming a 
child. Mr. Snell, who is now with ns, tells me he has 
not yet seen him, but he tells me my dear cousin is 
but yet very weak. . / 

I shall be very anxious till I hear of your gaA)^|sri|iy 
more strengtii, which I dare say you'll do daily w^pf 
you come about in the air ; for I know that till X fm^ 
abroad and drunk asses milk, I could not walk ^ qunct^r 
of a mile without tumbling two cur three times, af ^Im. 
Pendarves may tell you — witness, the kennel in Jmn^ 
Street. I fancy my sisters will be with you Wedna^y 
or Tliursday next ; they are to set out tha eighths J 
go to*mV)rrow to Stoke to meet them. I wwt • Ae 
post now every minute witli great impatiencOj and -flbdl 
bo much baulked if your fair sister don't epistle me 
this post. I foar I sliall be tempted to ciJl her ^not 

OF JiaS. JDBLAiOT, 189 

ftil^dj off her I word; which I must do this matant^ foJtiirli^ 
Mkm'jBis& conie, and not one for me. Oh\ fye^ for 
JdiaaHft&P Praij^pces^t mj most humbljB service to Mrs. 
Qnnieiile andrMr. Dewes^ Tell your sister I hear <tf her 
fiirtin^stbaU8,jvM(AiI sr^ippose take up faer time «o much 
doto-oaii'ftispam a lew: minuilies upon me; but I am mn^h 
hoffiii^^i&er tdntaUiimg me by promising a long leiten 
B«ii>i«ii3kefl as she isy I am her sincere^ humble servknt^ 
wid yoorsy'my dear Mrs/ Dowes^ 
3!;»77 ^^' : . ' With the utmost aflfection, 

Oift ai OT;-.:'-.! ,/•'•■■ Gt, FoiifiY. * 

'fifi^ciiv^j^ '"''''".'•■' ■' ■ -•'-.; . . -w 

bitSf?^. ijrh^jk , lett^s you favour me with next, direct to 

tf)^ep , J.: shall be. there a forti^ght. Both Mr. and 
Foley» ai:;e .bettqf than ever I saw them. Adieu. . 

7J icorf :..■':■■■' . ■ 

Mrs, FendiiTvcs io Mrs, Dowes, 

19th Jaoiiary. 

Not all the riches of '* /A^ Nabob's wife'* could give 
me half the pleasure that my dearest sister's letters do. I 
have copied out (as I know you to be a curious lady,) a 
most extraordinary description of a fine lady, 'tis genuine. 
This letter came about five months ago to a particular 
friend of Lady North's, who gave me leave to copy it 
for you. 

Last Monday Mr. and Mrs. Percival, and Donnellan, 
and the two Granvilles, dined witli me. We were all 
engaged to Lady Catherine Hanmer's. Just as I got into 
their coach to go there with them, the post brought me 
your letter, which burnt in my pocket ; I set down the 
Percivals at Lady Cath., took the coach to Mrs. Hannah 


Lowther*s/ whom I luckily found at home and alone, asd 
begged leave to read your letter, which was granted^ and 
I enjoyed the rest of the evening with good 8piritB« 

I rejoice and bear my part in the oomfort and enter* 
tainment you have had from Sally, and wiah it wore 
convenient to her to continue with you, but I fear abe 
is now gone, and Mr. Dewes upon the wing to leave 
you, and you an hundred miles from me, and no possi- 
bility of making you a winter's visits or to be able to jBy 
to you for a fortnight or so now and then ! What a de- 
light! a delight out of my reach, since you are and 
must be at such a distance. I think it not neooessary 
for Mr. Dewes to hasten to town upon what 1 hiKve 
said ; if he comes to term that will be time enoigh. 
Old G. snapped my nose off for sa^g I had senfc far 
him, she said '^she would give it under her hand and seal 
that she would lose no opportunity of serving you and 
him, but all preferments were uncertainties, and she 
would not give too much encouragement for fear of- not 
succeeding." My brother thinks it probable she may,.4o 

something, but she is mother to , and he isalHDOkcio 

reed ! I am glad you have got our little god-d^ughtarf 
Sally ; I hope slic will improve from your advice, and &tf 
alt nwans cw-b her if she is too foiuoard in giving her 
opinions; a conceited man or woman is abominable^ b«t a 
conceited girl is insupportable. Conceit or opinionative* 
ness becomes no sex or age : those that know the woifld 
7nost make a had figure with it, those that have not had 

* Hannah, younoTHt (hii^rhtor of Atdcmian rx>wtbcr. 8ho was Maid of 
Honour to Qucciih Mary and Anne, and died in 1757, at the ago of a bmdrvd 
and three. 

- iSarah, daughter to Mrs. ChajKin, to whom botli Ifaiy and Aan GnAfiUa 
were 'godmothers. 

■ f 

^: ^or ma dblamy. I67 

of fleeing' the world mrt ndiculaM wkhiU 
ifcoq^libtoiberaolld^M^ ieAEme^i it is a weed that other- 
wise Wilhehoke^theifeDort delicate quaiitded of &e misid; 
IiiiliWi£|iheilttitot heertily r^jevced if Sdl/fl obeenrations 
^B^'thflT^^ebiflii^^^hiUia^ht be depended on, and in itaithL 
^<kli^^l£ldiMi^wifl {^'"the bett^ of very kmg illneMMi 
if te(hdtd«Mt^ta] iftpnB|f, CSifiitenhatt watere willeeita&nly 
ib^^miitfodMaL^ I ha?^ ifot much fx> eay of SmariTs skiU, 
X'^BAf hy^Juediein(»hiUstetied^m Geoige/ to her end; 

'^^i%M^'3ldiee ^w^ be fine ladies ever3rwhere; when 
l^is^Vtk^^i^i their like it is veiy wdl, and is not 
lOMfii^l^Bhed 6a^aff to giTe great offence; but at Ohet 
feitiadft lihid' snch phkeee, (where the sober and sedate 
a^tertifi#d^ any extraordinary word or actioi^) it shews 
iidzimigfttiM, jyidtia only se^g the great rtriety of the 
iiKMlA>'/4Iial><>isfti >mta^^ one patiently bear the ViolMt 
afflctiiti<^^)f great part of it^ I 6wn I am not offended 
at^ those things — ^they would hurt me if those I love were 
guilty of them, but in others it diverts me like an odd 
character in a play. Our friend Dr. Young, as you have 
lately observed, has helped us much on these occasions ; 
bat if all the world were prudent and regular in their 
behavioor, it would not be half so diverting as it is now. 
To-day I dine with Lady Sunderland, in the afternoon 
goto Fidget Montagu^ and Lady North. To-morrow at 
ten to dress the Duchess of Portland, and in the even- 
ing, if I can get into the Duke of Grafton's gallery, 
Donnellan, my brother, and myself design to go to the 

1 From this uentenoe it appears that tho faith fiH George had died Iwtwcfn 
Mrs. Pendarves' visit to Gloucester, to nurse Mrs. Dewes, in the summer and 
autrnnn, and the followiBg January. 

- ^Fidget Montagu'^ Miss Robinson. 


ball at St. James's. If I have time to finish the other 
page I will not send it unsullied, ifyouwUl oacqpfdf the 
nabob's lady, who I hope will enteortain you. 

I saw Mrs. Montagu yesterday ; she looks handidBi^ 
fat, and merry ; she is in excellent spirits and Teiy 
happy, and talks of ''her young family^' as oordiaUy' ii 
if she had been married five years; I hope her good 
spirits wiU hold out, for she will want them belbre aU « 
over. I supped at Lady Sunderland's, after making my 
visit to Lady North, who always enquires after yon } 1 
think Miss Sutton grows eveiy day more agreeable' m 
her conversation, but she has a melancholy Aimyand 
tenderness of heart, that give me some anxiety-fabovt 
her : two nights ago as she passed through- Grotfv^nor 
Square, she saw a hearse and funeral attendanibt, wldpk 
afiected her so much, when she considered tba disto^flB 
there might be in the house where it was, that she Oime 
home to my lady Sunderland all in tears. She love^ TjSiy 
few, but has a general compassion in her natme,. ; aqd 
those she does love she donts on ; you are one :ef .^ 
favourites. The coach is come, now for ouriing, tiflSBg, 
&c., &c., &c., &c. Our Duchess will be almost aa fiaiB 
as the nabob's lady, and infinitely more valuable. . > ' 

The following MS. was sent by Mrs. Pendarves tb 1ie# 
with an account of the marvellous jewels which adfltned'^Ae 
wife of a certain nabob, the account of which bad been tnDflBuHed 
by a friend from Madias. ^* The Moorish lady ** hevein^kscribed 
is alluded to in the preceding letter, in a manner which WQuld 
indicate that she wa3 a personage who had been publicly 
mentioned. Neither the letter nor the narrative have any date 
beyond the 19th of January, but it seems probable that it be- 
longed to the year 1742. 

TO ^ir >l\^ f(>f '[f^ . .t .;.,f ' ,. .• ■■• ■ .. ^ . i'l ^ 

>^'> Wb'^luwe liad agreafc oiaok eaUed the Ndbob (wh», is 
the next person- in digmt}r to the Grrieat Mogul) to v^ii 
tli^^kividier^; wIlo^ with, the eoancilloifa snd aU the.chief 
g^titlebfli»i <€'MAdi:a6^ west in great state to meet hiip* 
fii^^^liii^; <witib all her Women attendance^ came the nigbt 
before hiAi. >^ 'All the guns fired ronnd the fort upon her 
iOriitdi'^aAytrdl BS (Ml hi^ ; A^ and she are Moors, whoi^e 
WCWBaians^ neff^ seen foy any man Upon earth excepting 
ih^if titBbittida; • He staid there about a fortnight, but 
hisL'liidy xemaans here in the Bkck Town stiU. His 
H^nd^is conmsted of many thousands of people. The 
Oon/^nWr waited on him at his house in the Black Town, 
telA lie itettened the visit to the Governor. All the 
teMe^ ii!^'-the town went to see him go; it was a fine 
^ffr^^iei^iotk'of pahmkeens/and he is a fine man in person. 
Th*^ ridi^tf df his dress with pearls and diamonds is 
bfeyond description. He sent the Grovernor a fine present 
in a large filligrane silver box placed on the back of a 
fine Moorish horse adorned with all manner of fine gold 
and velvet trappings, and I believe nearly a thousand 
horse and foot people to attend it. After he left Madras 
Mrs. Binyon (the Governor's lady) went to visit his 
lady. The Governor was so obliging to write to me 
over night to invite me and your sisters to go with Mrs. 
Binyon the next morning to visit. this great lady. We 
drest ourselves in the very best of ever}i;hing we had, 
and went to tlie Governor's, wliere we breakfasted, and 
found Mrs. Binyon as Jiru^ as a queen. Tlie Governor 
made tea for us, that we might not put ourselves out of 
form. Mrs. Beard (who is sister-in-law to the Governor) 
and her daughters made up the rest of the company. 


Wc had all the Governor's attendants as well as his 
lady^s, and his music playing before us all the ws^i and 
thousands of people looking at us as we passed ; we had 
about a mile to go. When we arriyed, Mrs. Binyon 
was handed by a lady who was to introduce her thitrngh 
two halls, which brought us into a large garden, and 
presented her to the Nabob's lady, who was seated in the 
middle of a pavilion at the end of the garden upon a settee 
covered with rich embroidery upon crimson velvet ; em- 
broidered carpets hung all over it and went under their 
feet. She received us with the utmost gentility, and paid 
her proper compliments to us all. 

'' I must now give you a description of her person and 
dress, as well as I can. Her person slim, genteel^ sod 
middl&«ized ; her complexion tawny, as all the Moors 
are ; her eyes as black as possible, large and fine, md 
painted at the edges, which is what most of the Moors do'; 
her lips painted red, and between every tooth, which were 
fine and regular, she was painted black, to look like eibony. 
All her attendants, which were about thirty ladies, were 
the same ; her face was done over like frosted work with 
leaf gold ; the nails of her fingers and feet (for she was 
bare-footed) were painted red, and likewise the inside ^ 
her hands. You will perhaps think this a strange descrip* 
tion, but I assure you it is literally true. And now for 
her dress ; her hair was as black as jet, very loa^' and 
thick, which was combed neatly back, and then braidfid till 
it hung a great deal below her waist ; she had a fillet of 
diamonds round her head, edged with pearls of a large sixe; 
her earrings were as broad as my hand, made of diamonds 
and pearls, so that they almost covered each side of her 
face ; she Imd a nose jewel that went through her left 

(^ MJRa DBLAKT. 171 

noptrU ; : roui^ her iieck she had ttomty rows of pearl, none 
]^m Hwi a pea^ but some as large as the end of my litiU 
fitftger ^ from h&i: necklace there hung a great nnmber of 
r<>^a:Of large pearl, which came down bek>w her waist, 
^t 3trh? ^Qnd Qf which hung an emerald (M large as my hand 
07^ as. tidck; her coat was made of fine gold muslin, 
' ^Qfade qlos^ to her, and a short sleeve ; a gold rail hung 
l^Of^ly oyer her head, and the rest went over her body,—* 
all. thoi front of it was trimmed with a row of large pearls. 
Shoi ha4 a g^irdle, or rather a large hoop, made of dia* 
iPQjadSi^ which went round her waist; it was above an 
inch broad; several strings of lai^e pearls were tjred 
|lK>Ujn4 • her; waist, and hung down almost to her knees, 
fas^ gi^eat knots of pearls at y^ end of them ; ten rows of 
peiiarls ]:Qand h^ wrists, and ten round her arms, a 
little .jal>ove her elbows, and her fingers every one 
adprjaed with rings of all sorts and sizes ; her feet and 
ancles were adorned much finer, if possible, than her 
hands and arms. In short, Mrs. Beard and myself con- 
cluded slie had many mare pearls and diamonds than 
would fill a peck measure I Some of the ladies who 
attended her were as fine as herself; she had her little 
son brought in to see us ; the riches of his dress were I 
to describe, you would imagine it some fairy story. He 
was adorned and loaded with pearls and diamonds; the very 
fan that was carried to keep off" tlie sun from him (and 
in make like a round fire-screen, only four times as large) 
was crimson velvet set in figures witli diamonds and 
pearls. I own I thought myself in a dream all the time 
I was there. 

** I must now give you a description of the pavilion, 
which was very large, and aU the bottom covered with 


fine carpets, and entirely hung' rotmd ifeilb tntlrifai/akiid 
the same all over the inside of the 'roof, with a dee^ 
valance in the middle. In one comer there l^tood ' ker 
bed (or cot, as we call it) ; the frame^woilt and'^lfi^B 
of it were solid gold^ and gold gauze curtain^, and'k'Hdb 
ooonterpane, several fine dressing-tables with largf^ fi!fr^ 
grane candlesticks npon them. At the entrance ''of the 
pavilion there was a long embroidered velvet tMhkitif, 
wiiih a pillow of the same at each end ; this was oppMite 
to thesettee the lady sat upon. For us to walk under thcM 
was something like an awning made of crimson 'lilk; 
which went all on the outside of the pavilion^ and *Wtt 
supported with pillars of gold. We had two g^dl^n 
censers of incense and sandal* wood whidh almost mi4^ 
cated us with the perfiime. Our entertainment wift tM^ 
that seemed to be made with rose-water and cimuuMilif-^** 
everything served in plate ; then we had betel brought 
us in fine filligrane boxes made of gold upon large scol- 
lopped silver waiters, which we liked better than what was 
in them, for the betel is a large green leaf which the 
Indians chew, of an intoxicating nature, and very dis- 
agreeable to the English; but we were farced to* C6iiply 
with that out of compliment. After this was • over we 
saw a large silver board brought covered witii it WoHrbd 
carpet^ which was presented uncovered to Mrs. BUa^mk 
There was a fine Moor's coat and a oouple of rieh'tsril^, 
and to each of us a present of a Moor's coat and- a goU 
veil The Nabob's lady put Mrs. Binyon'a on; ai'ir^ 
in compliment, put on ours, with which she was pleased ; 
and we came back to the Governor's in ours, wbekitf we 
dined and spent the evening. The Nabob's lady sent 
an entertainment o/Vtr us, wliich consisted of sixty di$hm 

OF MKa .PELANY. 178 

^ u]^Mp)erraUver oov^gy aud put up in scarlet cloth bagd 
Mm^ fot timt piurpoge ; the Governor's lady made a pre* 
«eii|t t fof . ^an hundred pagodas to her attendants* The 
Iji^^ll^'p, lady, and her attendants admired us all, bat 
^IMigllt 4>ur .dress very odd* Two of the ladies examined 
myt dro^i till they came to the hoop petticoat^ which, 
tiiey wei;^ much astonished at ; they mnch admired my 
twiedz^irs aad the trinkets that were in them. To con* 
dtid^ fdlcj we were the first English wom^n they had 
0feitj seea ;: and I doubt not but we speared as odd to 
ttmnfas- they to ns. Their immense riches are all the 
osi^^rment they have ; for she is not suffeored to go out 
aiJ[>ib§ year roimd, and when obliged to travel is covered 
u^rinlk^r palankeen insuoh a manner that no mortal 
om rSee ber^'-^'and it would be death for any man to 
attesiqxt^ see a Moor's lady/' 

Mr. Dewes to Mrt. Devwt, 

C]ement*s-Inn, 10 March, 1742. 

My dear Love, 

I had your kind letter of the 5th instant, and am 
glad to hear you have so well recovered your journey, 
and hope you are now quite well again. I have not yet 
parted with any of my teeth, though I have suffered much 
from them since I wrote last, but I dined with your 
brother on Monday, and he persuaded me against having 
any drawn, as they are quite sound. 

Mr. Granville is very well, and desires his compliments 
to Gloucester. I am very glad the little boy is so stout, 
and is such a comfort to you, but hope he has lost his 


cough/ I don't yet know when I shall be with yon; 
but believe it will be on Saturday ae'nnight, flo do you 
order about going home as you see fit. I vnll Act 
write to Charles, nor give any directions about it, lest I 
should hurry you from Gloucester before you designed, 
but whenever you have an inclination to go I'll be ready 
to attend you, — so you may forecast about that as you 
please. I dined at Mr. Percivall's on Sunday ; they are 
all pretty well there, and inquired after you. Your 
brother sent to in\dte me to dine with him on Mondkyi 
which I did, and told him the history of the old Countess * 
(I mean in regard to my self)) and he says it is idl ft 
joke. ' 

Madam Fen came to town yesterday to se6 or ralher 
hear the oratorio, and sent me word she should be at home 
about one, so I went to sec her, and we sat and talked <>^ 
looked at our accounts for about half an hour, and then I 
came away. She had the headache, I the tootlvEicKe, so 
that we were but ill qualified to entertain each other. 
I find she wrote you word I had been with the Gonntess*' 
since I saw her, but that was a mistake, occasioned by. 
what Mrs. Donnellan had told her ; Mrs. Pendairves said I 
should go see the Countess again before I went <mt of 
town, and I seemed not inclined to it, upon which she took 
me up pretiy sJiort, as you know she is sometimeB apt to 
do ; so then I drew back a little, for one you know mut 
give way, and I think I have now learnt to do that 
pretty readily, though it seemed a little awkward at first ; 
so the argument dropped, but I believe I shall practise in 

> Conrt Dewea, his eldest son, vho auocoedod him and inherited the Cunflj 

* CoiintcsBGmnvillc. 


this particular aauietliiBg of what I have leanit from 
you, that is, to say little, and then do what I think best. 
I aiii> with the truest sincerity and affection, 

Most heartily and entirely yours, J. D. 

The Duchest qf Portland to Mrs, Dewea, 
Mx DEAR Pip, No date. 

I insisted upon writing to you to-day, which I 
think you have no reason to thank me for, as I have 
prevented your having a letter from Pen, but I could 
i^tjlonger refrain giving myself this pleasure, and in 
some measure expressing my gratitude to you for your 
delightfiil epistle ; besides this must be very short, for I 
lAOsttdine. with Lady Waw,^ and I expect the Duchess of 
Leed^ and Mrs. Walters to see my shells, and am 
to ^^Did the evening with Lady Bute, if she is not in 
labour. Lord Edgecombe^ has kissed hands, and Eiirl 
Fitzwilliam ^ is made Baron Milton. Poor Mrs. Foley 
is very ill, her bad symptoms increase ; I am very glad 
you are so soon to be happy with Mrs. Granville's com- 
pany ; I hope you will find her soon recover apace with 
bracing air. The Duchess of Cleveland's^ death was 

1 a 

Lady WawJ'* The only suggestion tliat occurs as an explanation of tliis 
ciirioiu Abbreviation, is that it was the name by which Lady Wallingford was 
called by the chiUreu of tUe Duchess of Portland. 

2 Richard Edgcumbcy Esq., was elevated to the j^eerage, April 20, 1742, as 
Baron Edgcumbe. 

i William, 3rd Karl Fitzwilliam, in Ireland, was enrolled amongst the peers 
of Great Britain, by George II., 19th April, 1742, in the dignity of Lord 
FitzwWiftm^ Barofi MiUorij county Northampton. 

* Ladv Ilenrietta Finch, sister of the Earl of Winchelsea, wife of William 
Duke of Cleveland. " The Duchess of Cleveland died kust night of what they 
caII miliary fever, whicli is much al>out ; she had not been ill two days/' — 
Horace WaijK/les Lcftcn^j A yriX 15, 1742. 


very sudden, some say her own neglect, and others the 
fault of the physicians; the old woman has got the 
care of her son again. The children are all very well* 
beg their loves to Pip. Bill is tJie happiest of creattuw 
in breeches. I shall be late, so adieu, dear Pip, heaven 
bless you, and believe me, 

Affectionately and faithfully yours, 

M. Portland. 

My compliments attend Mrs. Dewes. My Lord is gone 
to Cottenham. 

Aapasid^B PicturCy drawn hy Philutncl, in the year 1742. 

You know, madam, that Mrs. P — is of a most agreeable 
figure, and you may believe that (as it is above twenty 
years since she was married) the bloom she still enjoys, 
the modest sprightliness of her eyes, the shining delicMy 
of her hab\ the sweetness of her smile, the pleasing air 
of her whole countenance, must have made her the desire 
of all who saw her, and her situation (as a widow) moit 
have given hopes to alL She was married ej^remaiy 
3'oung to a man who neither by his years, behaviour^ nor 
any quality he was possessed of, was fitted to gain her 
a flection ; she had naturally a great deal of vivacity and 
liveliness of temper, with the greatest sensibility and 
tenderness of heart. Sonie of her nearest relations were 
over ready to liave encouraged in her every tendency 
towards gaiety. What could have guarded her in these 
dangerous circumstances ? An innate modesty ^ an early 
prudence^ and a di^<cef7iinff judgment to know what was 
right, irith virtue, and only to follow what her judgment 
approved, — these were the qualities that have carried her 


tbrongh the gayest companies, the most dangorous scenes, 
with an unsullied feime, and have made even those who 
would have undermined her virtue pay homage to it. 
Her modesty is not that unbecoming bashfulness which 
i» so often mistaken for it — ^her's is the modesty of the mind, 
which is so far from giving awkwardness to the person or 
behaviour, that it adds a grace to everything that she says 
or does. And as her modesty does not proceed from bash- 
fulness^ so her prudence does not comist in formality or 
reserve as if she feared both herself or others, but slie 
has a propriety of behaviour in every company that lets 
them see she thinks she has no reason to fear either herself 
or them, and by shewing this confidence in herself she takes 
from others the desire of attacking her ; or if there have 
been some who have had the folly or the assurance to make 
sueh an attempt, she has soon made them sensible of the 
vanity of their designs, and convinced them that the easi- 
ness of her behaviour proceeds from the purity of her 
heart, not the levity of her mind. 

I am at a loss what terms to find strong enougli to 
express her general benevolence or her particular tender- 
ness to her friends ; her benevolence is so strong it 
should seem as if she looked upon the whole world as 
her friends, and her tenderness to every particular 
friend so great as to fill up the measure of a whoh* 
heart. Where can she find this fund of aftection ? 
She subtracts it from self-love, that principle that fills 
the heart of others, and the only person to whom she 
does not give more than their due is the worthiest that 
she knows — / mean herself, 1 ler generosity naturally 
flows from her benevolence ; she gives as not knowing 
she gives, and the joy she has in pleasing others 



persuades one she is more obliged to ns for accept* 
ing her favours than we can be to her for bestowing 
them ; while the great desire she has to make others 
happy, never lets her think she has a right either to keep 
or endeavour at any advantage for herself, if there is any 
friend she imagines wants or desires it more than she 
does ; and in this examination she is so partial to her 
friends as to be very apt to cast the balance against herself. 
I remember a friend of hers said one day to her ** slie had 
no merit in doing good, as she had so much pleasure in it;" 
but surely if we will not allow her a human merit, we 
must give her a higher one ? As her generosity to her 
friends flows from her benevolence, so does her charity 
both to the wants and character of her fellow-creatnres ; 
the first she relieves with a bounty above her circum- 
stances, and the latter she defends (when decency will 
permit) with a zeal equal to the amiable principle fixm 
whence it proceeds. She does not think that being peHeot 
herself gives her a title to animadvert on the fiMilta or 
laugh at the follies of those less wortliy, but would 
rather choose to seem to want penetration to find out 
the first, or wit to ridicule the latter, than to hurt thoae 
who can make no reprisals on her. 

I need not, madam, to you describe the agreeaUeness 
of her manners, the politeness of her behaviour, or the 
icinnbig grace that is in all her words and actions ; aanaU 
acquaintaince witli her makes one desire a greater, and a 
greater makes one almost wish she was not so agreeable 
to others that we might have her more to ourselvea ; so 
that instead of improving by her example we grow moie 
selfish by knowing her. To this imperfect sketch of her 
mind I must add something on her many accomplishments 


and her great ingenuity ; and here we sliould wonder how 
she has found time to make herself mistress of so many 
ingeniouB arts, if we did not consider that di-esa and the 
ad<»ning of the person that takes up so gi-eat a part of 
that of most of our sex, only employs so much of hers aa 
the exactest neatness requires, and that she has an 
activity of mind that never lets hur he idle, as all her 
hours are employed either in something useful or amu- 
sing. She reads to improve her mind, not to make an ap- 
pearance of being learned ; she writes with all the delicacy 
and ease of a woman, and the strength and correctness 
of a man ; she paints and takes views of what is either 
beautiful or whirasical in nature with a surprising genius 
and art. She is a mistress of the harpsichord, and has a 
brilliancy in her playing peculiar to herself; she does a 
nnmlier of works and of many of them is the inventor, 
and all her acquaintance are her copyers^ — ^happy for 
them if tbfy winild I'qnally ondi-avmir to iinitulc lior 
Tirtues. As these accomplishments are her amusements 
tAis treats them as such, and sets no value on herself for 
excelling in them, but is always ready to teach others 
and derarous they should excel her, bnt those wishes are 

Her bonse is a little abstract of all sorts of inge- 
nuity, and like her heart is ever open to the virtaous, 
to the ingenioTis, or to the distressed — ^those are the titles 
to her friendship or protection, and except in one in- 
stance,* where her partiality has swayed beyond her 
judgment, she has been as distinguished in bestowing 
the first as generous in dispensing the latter. 

' Tbii no doabtww intended to denote bcrself — Mis. DonnelUn. 
N 2 


I could enlarge on all those particidars much iBOre» but 
I consider I dettiin you too long from the pleasing enter* 
tainment of observing the actions of one whose whole life 
will better show you that charity and benevolence have 
been the gales that have filled the salU, and judgement 
and prudence the pilots tlmt have directed her course* 

" The character " here given of Mrs. Pendarvcs, under the 
name of Ajspasia^ must have been written by Mrs. DonneUBn at 
Dulstrode, for the Duchess of Portland, when the friends wece 
all together, aiid given by the Duchess to Mrs. Dewes when she left 
Bulstrode. The delicacy and feeling with which it is ejcpresscd, 
and the exact manner in which all tlic remarkable points in the 
history and disposition as well as talents of Mary Granville are 
touched and described, cannot be read without a conviction of the 
sincerity of the writer. Mrs. Donnellan here justifies the opinioB 
entertained of her abilities by Dr. Swift, with whom the ocottriooftUj 
corresponded, and by whom she was always mentioned with honour 
and respect. It must not be forgotten that Mrs. DonneUaa wvote 
this cluiractcr of Aspasia at a period when the Dean of St. Fatnok 
was continually commenting upon the absence of either good 
English or anytliing like an attempt at good spelling in the 
majority of the fine ladies of the day, and when in alluding to one 
of his correspt>ndcnts about the Court, who had sapcrior mentil 
endowments and a very cultivated understanding, he nye that 
'* ihe wrote and tpelt like a Wapping weneh,^^ 

Mrs, PtndarviS to Mit, Dewtt {ai^Mrt, Fendttrves^i), Ciargn Vfrrrf^ PioM JflTii, 

BuUtrode, from my lonely nom^ 

Sunday night. 

True love sets one ahove the scoffs of the world, 
and whilst I gratify my heart, I hid defiance to the 
Duke's jokes, Mr. Du Poivre's comments, and the 
Counsellor's sneer. What ! — write when you have been 


parted bat six hoars ? 1 did not imagine there was so 
macb in this short separation as I feel there is. Yon are 
wanted in the breakfast-room, dining;-room, chapel, etc., 
missed by everybody ! What, then, are my tlioughts ? 
particularly in my o^vn apartment, which looks like a 
dark cavern without you. Our most amiable DucUess 
has indulged me in talking of you, thougli we bavo ha*l 
but little time. It was three o'clock before clmroh was 
orer; there, my dearest sister, I called you to my re- 
memberance in a particular manner, — with most ardent 
prayers for your happiness, and with the most grateful 
tbaiiksgi^-ings for the great blessing of your friendslup. 
My good n-ishes extended to every brancb that could 
increase your felicity, and Mr. Dewes and the dear little 
boy, you may believe, liad no small share. I hope your 
joomey was easy ; as for entertainment on the road, your 
remembrance of those you left, and the joy of the 
dear friend yon went to see, amply made up the dulness 
of your companion, who was not qualified to please, no 
more than improve. But this is ungratefully said of lue, 
and I have a gpreat mind to blot it out, but that will make 
a Bad blur in my letter, for to give C'l/mon his due, he is 
dvil though not bright, and I ought only to pity what is a 
defect in nature, and value him for his good will ; but 
he has taken up almost as much of my letter as he did 
of the coach. You and I committed a great error in 
not asking him to dine at my house -. I am in hopes 
you recollected on the road that it would be the right 
thing, and asked him. I long to know what hour you got 
ioiown,^how you like my house? — if it is warm and com- 
fortable ? I am so unreasonable as to be impatient to 
know every thought about it ; and there is a mixture 



of love and vanity in that wish. I take it for granted I 

make a considerable figure there ; and who can blame me 

if I glory in it ? At breakfast the newspapers emjiojeA 

us all, the Sovereign sympathized with me, and we both 

indulged a silence more agreeable than speaking. Since 

dinner we have had the usual circle round the fire, and 

the dear children, who all asked me for " Pip.*' Lord 

Titchfield bid me give you " his love " and " his duty,^ 

I have many reasons, you know, to wish for Tuesdaj- 

moming ; but the strongest is the hopes of hearing from 

your most faithful and afiectionate, 


My very kind service to Mr. Dewes. Tell Sir John 
yoii are my letter to him ; I will not trouble him with 
a scrawl, since I shall see liim so soon. I hope you have 
seen my dear Donnellan, and found her well. I am Bure 
she was glad to see you and Lady Sunderland. Don't 
forget the needles ; the hook for the D — is to be bated 
with an eel ; I hope we shall catch a fine dish of gudgeons. 

From this letter it appears that Mrs. Dewes had just left Bul- 
strode, and had gone on to her sbter's new abode in Claiges Street. 

Mrs, Pendarvei to Mr$, Dewes* 

Fma Fidg^V FIreiida* 

Tlie Duke has been much out of order to-day with the 
gout, not only in his foot but I fear something of it in 
his stomach, for he has complained of a pain tliere and 
been very sick ; tliat, and Fidget's keeping her room to- 

* Mrs. Moutu^, (MUs Robiusoo). 


day, haa taken up my time bo much, that I am roducctl 
to one poor halt'-tiour to speak to my dear sister in, ibr 
I bave been nurse to both. The Dulce is mucli better 
this evening, and our araial>le Ducliess pretty well, but 
her gentle spirits arc soon discomposed when those she 
loves suffer. Thanks to you for your letters ; I am glad 
you like my house; you will stamp sucli a value on it to 
me, by makincr it useful to you, that 1 would not ex- 
clmnge it for the Treasury. I rejoice at your finding my 
brother Dewes so well; it grieves me to turn him out, 
but I shall insist on his returning as soon us I have 
settled my household, for in trutli I cannot bear to have 
you out of my house; but more of this wlien wo meet. 
Well — never did plot succeed better tban ours ; 'tis well 
we are Ugal, or we might do a wondrous deal of mischief. 
Mr. Hachard} swears we aU clubbed into it ; that Iicrott: it 
out, and your clerk (as he calls him) wrote the direction ; 
(for he i.5A«re I could not write such a hand). The Senator 
Elect and the Counsellor were very prim, and said not a 
word aljout their packets, but to-night Mr. H. threw a 
farthing upon the table, and said I blushed at the sight 
of it, though I stoutly denied it. A word or two has been 
tlirown out of bobs and ti/es, but the letters not produced. 
The Duke's not being well, and another affair, put us out 
of sorts to-day, and prevented our mirth from rising very 
high. Aletter came from Lord D — n by a special messenger 
to desire Lord Q. B. to stand candidate for Westminster ; 
many wise ministerial reasons laid down, which staggered 
his Lordship's resolution, but a Deborah stepped Si and 
gave her opinion so wisely and in such strong terms, 

' Mr. Aciianl, an imitation of Uia mispronUDciation of some illiterate jicrBoa. 


that it was resolved to reject the proposal, and to stand 
by Droitvvycli. Don't mention tliis to anybody but 
Mr. Dewes, for I don't think it right to spread fiimily 
news. The particulars of wliat has passed are too long fur 
a letter ; our judicious friend has acted like herscif ; it was 
a nice affair, and required skill to manage. 

The fair Dash has taken your place in my apartment ; 
she is much concerned at losing your company. I 
have enclosed you my mother's letter : what can have 
become of my guinea ? I suppose you wrote to her on 
Monday ? I shall write next Thursday. This will not 
allow me to say more than that all here — men, women, 
and children — are devoted to you; be very careful of 
yourself. Make my proper compliments to all frionds, and 
love me ever as I love you.* 

^fr8, PendarvtB to Mrs. Deimn (at Mrs. Petidarvts^n^ in CHar^ Sireet^ 


Bubtrodc, Breakfast room fire-side 

Tlie Duke and Lord Geoi^e^ are stringing pearl, the 
Duchess, Dash, and Fidget^ writing ; and I having the 
temptiition of the pen, ink, and paper, the Duke has just 
done with, so cannot forbear thanking my most dear sister 
for her charming letter, that w^armed me in the midst 
of snow ; but I shall not attempt answering it in foil, 
nor lay you under an obligation of writing me a long 
letter at a time that you have a variety of affairs on your 
hands. I am sure my house must please me, since you 
approve of it ; but you don't tell me if it smells of paint. 
The Duke of Portland had a very good night, and is 

> Ijord < jotirg^ Ik-utiiick. * Mfb. Mouta^ 


much better to-day. I hope the pain will not return, 
if it should it will be very inconvenient at this time, and 
toM.y stop thort journey ; pray sentl a-s soon us you cam 
to til. Tubbs, and order him to send me down a very good 
oosuAi and four horses with side-glasses ; it must be hero 
on Saturday night, to carry me to tovra nn Sunday. I 
don't know yet whore 1 am to dine, bnt you shall have 
notice in time ; the Gutigeons have not yet produced Uie 
packets, but whUper and simper. 

I have drawn ont a very awkward bean in a fnll bottomed 
wig. and a man looking over a pedigree, witli his three 
clients at hi.s feet offering him a farthing, which I desigTi 
to throw on tlic green table at tea-time ; for wc nball 
lose our sport if we do not laugh at them. 

Tea is come, I am called, and can only say I am 
jours ever. 

Tfte ffonN". Mrs. Foley to Mrt. Dewcs. 

Nowport, June 14th, 1742. 
r am much obliged to dear Mrs. Dewes for a very 
kind letter. My design of waiting on you, could I have 
put it into exeeution, would have made me very happy ; 
for it really would be great pleasure to me once more to 
enjoy the convereation of my friends and relations, hut 
in my present situation T must only be beholden to the 
newspaper; an^covM I belkm ihaitbat intelligence knew 
more of Tay own family and bosom-friends than I do 
by any other authority, I should now wisli my dear 
cousin much joy of her sister's wedding, which I hope 



jnay be attended with all happiness ; and I think the 
newsmonger has reported the admirer of David to have 
acted like a Solomon I Whatever name she bearSj I 
hope yoa'U soon have the pleasure of her company. 
Perhaps this news may be what you mean in part of 
your letter, "an extraordinary event has retarded her;'* 
not that I presume to ask what those are, for as you are 
not left at liberty to divulge it to me, I am sure on no 
account you would betray the secrets of another. For I 
think no crime can be worse than unfaithfulness to the 
trust of our friends, and I call to mind with great gratitude 
that in what regards yourself you show me the strongest 
mark of your friendship by your confidence in me, or 
else you would have been married many months before I 
should have known it. But I was in great hopes when 
the secret was knotcn to all the world I might have had 
a private letter to have accompanied the newspcper; 
and till then I shall give no credit to the report. Nor 
have I mentioned to any mortal even the little hint I 
have been favoured with, and indeed it caused me some 
diversion, though I was in a great flutter of spirits, when 
the paper was opened, to see how Mr. Foley (who poor 
man met with it flrst) and his son and daughter stared at 
each other, and cried out to me, " You are secret indeed.^* 
I assured them very truly, I was not worthy of so great 
a commendation, for I teas never trufted, which they 
would not believe, and I got high applause from yonr 
cousin Foley for what I really did not deserve. I 
thank God ho is a. man of so much honour, that were 
my inclination ever so bad, I should never dare betray 
the secret of my friend without forfeiting his good 


Miss Foley desires me to add her brother's com- 
pliments to you and Mr. Dewes ; my humble service 
Waits on Mrs. Granville ; the last I heard from my 
flister was tliat in August slie would make mc a visit. 
Perhaps I may see in the next papers (hat ului ix marrifd, 
for it is several posts since 1 heard. May all happiness 
attend tha happy pair, but not I hope more then to you, 
Ma trtrs chere cousino, 

G. FoLKr. 

The Editor liaa been iitiablc to finil the report of Mre. Pon- 
(iurves'a majTiage, or intended marriuge, in any of the papers of the 
i^y. Bat it certainly was a false rumour, for ahe was not morriod 
that year, and there is no allusion to any idea or intention of the 
sort ; although Mrs, Foley had evidently read it in a newspaper, 
where it must have appeared U> be authentic, or she would not 
bive believed it. " T/m extremrdinari/ event " waa probably only 
ajme joke or jeu d'esprit in which ahe was engaged at Bulstrode. 

!%« Ihuh^ of Porlland to Mrt. Dtwt. 

Jane 22nd, 1742. 

My dear Pip will, I hope, never think my silence has 
been occasioned by forgetfulness, for had I wrote as often 
as I have thought'of you, I should have tired you with 
dull epistles. I have two charming letters by me of my 
dear friend's, and you know well the hurry I live in, and 
more particularly for this month — so many people 
going out of town, that I have been much taken up. I have 
liardly had a t^te-a-tete with Penny this fortnight. I 
Mhall not go to Welbeck till August; I believe mama 


will be in town in about ten days. Since I wrote this T 
have seen Pen, and am quite troubled my dear Pip should 
think my silence long and unkind ; I am sure it was not 
meant so. I am rejoiced to hear Master is better, I 
hope to God he will perfectly recover ; I beg you will 
keep up your spirits as much as is possible ; consider what 
you owe Mr. Dewes and the rest of your friends. 

I wish I could tell you anything that could amuse you. 
Mr. Northey was married on Sunday to the youngest Miss 
Viner ; they made a grand figure. Tlie eldest daughter ' 
was much disappointed that she should dance bar&'foot, 
and desired Iter father to find out a match for her. With 
great pains they produced Mr. Pell^am, fifty years older 
than her. He insisted it should be put in the marriage 
articles, that she should never come to London or wear 
jewels, which* conditions she readily complied with latiier 
than to be disappointed of a husband. Pen's affiiir at C^ 
I can't say I like the appearance of at present ; I wish 
Lord C — does not plaj^ the minister with her which will 
be abominable if he does, but it is so like their old pria* 
ciples, that one can't help suspecting them. 

1 am very glad you had the incomparable Prmcess* 
with you, I am sure her conversation must have been 
of service, but that detestable companion is really terrihfe 
to all her acquaintance. 

My best compliments attend Mrs. Granville^ and be 
assured, whether I write or not, my mind is still the 

^ Marric<l in Jiuie, 1742, Willimn Northey, Em]., f:;randioii to the kte ffir 
IvlwarJ Northey, Kiit., Attoniey-Ocucral, to Misii Vynor, daughtiT tu Robert 
Vviirr, Ksq., knicrht of the shire for the county of Liuooln. — I^mtion Maga* 

- The Ilonoiinibli- Mrs. Fuly. 


to my dear friend. T hope I sliall Ilivc the plwisiire of 
seeing Mr. Dewes sqob. 

Your faithi'iil and aff ectiouato ,,,,,. 
M. PoRTLAKD.,,,, 

■ 1!." ■ 

I Ju,(v, Mri. P-'ittlnrvts lo Mrs. fifii^t. .1 

Uidwidi. 10 Sept. 17'^ ' 

Most welcome was Tlionias oft TuesJiiy night about 
eight o'clock, when he brought my dearest sister's 
letter, and a good account of yours and ray mother's per- 
formance of your journey su far ; happy ivill be the hour 
Uiak brings us as good news Crom Gloucester. Our good 
dear brother bids me make his res|)ccts and kind service 

I wiE not now indulge myself in lamenting the 
dissolution of our agreeable society. I will think of 
it with thankfulness as a blessing bestowed that I had 
no expectance of, and therefore have no right to murmur 
it its being past ; but at present I have no reason to 
complain, for, exoept the want 1 must alway? have of 
your's and my dear mama's company when you are 
absent, I live just as I could wish to do ; have much 
business, many amusements, a pleasant house, charming 
fi^ds, and a companion that, you know better than I can 
tell you, crowns all by his friendly and agreeable manner. 
I must, for fear of accidents, say 'tis my brother that makes 
me thus happy ; for should my letter fall into any hands 
but yours, it is very likely a brother would be the last 
person thought of! The moment your equipage had 
whirled you out of sight (for my brother and I watched 
you from the garden) we trapesed all over Babi/ Ion garden, 
went to the workhouse, and happily met the smith who 



brought home the grate for my room ; Robin Parker was 
immediately set to work, and I matched the tiles^ so that 
between us, and in the compass of two days, we have 
finished a very pretty chimney, my brother orerlooking 
us all. Mr. Prince has finished the cupboard at tihe end 
of the closet, but things are reversed to what they were 
designed, and behold the door openeth into my mother's 
closet instead of the other • way, and that which wu 
designed to be a closet at my mother's bed head, is to 
be one to the other room. We have some expectatiaa of 
the paper coming on Saturday to perfect our works, and 
if it does, we propose leaving Calwich on Tuesday 
se'night, the one and twentieth. The new wall is 
almost built up, and the covings are now putting up 
in the little parlour, hardly a room in the house, or a 
foot out of doors, is free from workmen. I pn^x>8e 
making a visit at SncUston next Sunday, for we labour- 
ers can't make visits on working-days, and on Monday 
to go to Ashbourne to see Mrs. Fitzherbert, and to go to 
the Assembly. 


Jlitt lloliisMin Co Mri. Peneiareit!. 

yo i6th. 

If every fault was to have as agreeable a cotiiteciaence 
86 that which I committed in not writing to ytm, I am 
B&aid I should make a resolution never to do rijjht 
again as lonj; as I Kved. llaiA you returned me thanks 
for a letter / had wrote, T slionld have thought it done 
out of yoHr wonted courtesy and good-breeding, but this 
compbimt I do and vr^\ think down right love and kind- 
ness ; and if it is an error, it tends more to my happi- 
ness than any of the few right opinions I have gained, 
and I will cherish it as the prettiest imag;ination I ever 
ha<l in my head. But certainly yon love me, ibr you 
satf so, and you are sincere, and I can prove your lovo 
to me out of yoMT good qualities, though notout ofmymnn. 
"Madam" certainly makes a ma^ificent figure at the 
b^Tnning of a letter ; and " Devoted humble servant," 
brings matters to a polite conclusion ; but " Fidget " and 
" Friend " sound more affectionately and much better 
from my dear Mrs. Pendarves, though with some people 
/uiow/t/ 6e "Madam," "Honoured Madam," or "Your 
Reverence," or anything that assured me they would 
treat with the most distant respect they could ; but 
ceremony is the tribute of civility and not of friendsliip. 

You are very right not to anticipate our day ; we 
do not appear at Phebus's Levir. After breakfast we 
employ ourselves as you imagine ; we are reading Sir 
Philip Sidney's famous Romance, which is far exceeding 
the exceedingness of the most exceeding imagination, as if, 
the things of which he spoke exceeded all imagination, or 
the imagination with which he wrote exceeded all things ; 
so mach more excellent are the things of which he writes 

/ / 


as that the things which he writes are iar eweeeding all 
other excellence, for art therein does borrow the appear* 
ance of nature, and nature the excellence of art, so the 
eye doth not know whether to praise skilful art or 
happy chance therein, but surely both together does 
greatly delight the mind's eye, and work in the beholder 
a goodly admiration ! Seriously it is pity, two such ex- 
cellent geniuses in Queen Elizabeth's days as Spenser 
and Sir PhiHp should write of only such feigned and 
imaginary beings as fairies and lovers ; now that the world 
is not superstitious and credulous, such personages are 
not so well received as they used to be. We do not 
only remember you in our happy fiours, but the remeft^ 
brance of you gives us hours I Surely by mwdcry I 
hare falkn into the style of Sir Philip ; but to you I 
need speak no language but the language of the heart 
to assure you I am your very sincere and faithful friend, 

Eliza Hobinson.^ 

P.S. Tlie Duchess desires her love and service, and 
hoi>es you and Miss Granville have received her letters. 
Her Grace suffered much for the little dears ; and when 
she is grieved I possess no comfort, and so can bestow 
none. Thank God, they are now well. * I beg my com* 
pliments to Miss Granville. 

The above letter was evidently in reply to one from Mrs. 
Pondarvcs repironching Miss Robinson for not having written tn 
her, and proposing (with her correspondent's approval as in the 
cafe of Ann Granville and "" the Fair Kitty " Collingwood), to give 
up " Muflara," and to call her " Friend,'' or " Fidffetr The intiiMcj 
of Mis. Pendarves and Miss fiobinson was of early date. They 

> llic Eiiitor diHOoveml, too lute to rectify the error, that this Mior oaghi to 
linvc Nfii inscrtiil to 5tli Au^ii^t, 1742, at which time she was married fo 
Mr. Moiita^i. 

or MB8. DXLANT. 198 

UrtfSk ifkikp^mme aet till the death of the former, who was Miaa 
Ikkimoffg aenior. and both were en^eoially intimate with the 
Don^of ^Portland and Mrs. Donnellan. Althou^ it if impoaaihle 
not io admioe the deremess of Min Bobinson and her power of 
evptfuaaion, jet her letters give the impression of sense and reason 
bd^'tfiebfaiierificed to make a point or to round a period. 
la' tfai pmieni epistle die well-sounding sentence of ''o^'emony 
beiiig< the. tribute of civility but not of friendships^ conveys tlM 
ide»,tiMiillieie eoiM be no friendoh^ where ceremony esdsted: 
iriicije90 ^ respeotlul form of address which fixr years had been 
eao$qamrj b^ween them had been no obstacle to their increasing 
fegud; and experience proves that the flippant and familiar style 
so often addpted in the present age frequently prevents the fi>rma» 
lion 'dP aafy firicsidship or causes its destruction — whilst the increased 
disrtgavd to any pn^per established forms in writing is attended by 
maoy ioconfsenienees without any one advantage. 

Jfrs. Pendarves to Mr$. Deufes. 

(Part of a letter, postmark 13, So.) 

No letters came by yesterday's post ; Tuesday was so 
rainy I could not walk out. On Wednesday Thomas gave 
us notice of a hare sitting, so out we all sallied with deadly 
designs, and poor puss was caught in the field next the 
west field ; firom thence when our sport was over we went 
a moss gathering, and were caught in a smart shower of 
rain, came home in a fine daggled condition, but com- 
forted ourselves soon with a good fire and tea. Has 
not the weather been cold even to you? here it has 
been very sharp, and we have had fires every day, and 
if Mr. Dewes had been here he could not have stood by 
the pond side for three hours together ! T/ie fish leap 

VOL. II. ^> 


for joy that he is (jone^ and they are the only animals 
that can have cause to rejoice at his absence, I have not 
yet wrot<5 one of the twelve letters I was to have written 
this week. My tenderest love attends you, my most 
dear sister. I beg my humble duty to dear mama^ and 
my service to Mr. Dewes. 

Tht Duchcn «/ PorUand to Mr$. Defct», 

Welbeck, Re|i., 90tk 

My dear Pip, I was in hopes to have thanked you 
yesterday for the very kind letter I received that day, 
but it was impossible, for time is as precious aa if I was 
in London. You rejoiced me greatly with telling me 
you bore your journey so well ; was impatient to hear 
it, as I must be for everything that concerns your 
welfare. I am sorry to a great degree that our dearest 
Pen still continues to have a cough, I wish she would 
drink asses milk, but I am sure if you can't persuade her 
it is not in my power to eflfect it. I am quite of your 
mind, and heartily wish you may be well in your bed 
before she gets to you. I must bc^ you will wear hare- 
skins ; they are the most comfortable things in Che 
world. We got here perfectly well. My Lord has had a 
little fit of the gout, but he is now almost well, and I 
hope he will have no more returns; the two ddest 
girls travelled wHith us, they were very diverting, and 
the little ones no sort of trouble. I hope to write to 
Mrs. Duncombe this post, but if it is not in my power I 
beg you will assure her of my sincerest coniplimenta, 

* The love of fish in.: was herrxlitary in the Dewos' fiunily, wlio were all 
aii'iliTs fniin chiMhorKl to the third aiul fotirtli generation. 


\ «od tUat it lias beeu a cruel mortification not to have 
^pue it so long. I, however, love her much, aud am 

\ fiery glad she looks so well. 

The beliaviour of the Troghdties exceeds their usual 
Ant-doings in ingratitude. I went the Sunday before I 
came out of town to the Arch Dragon,' by appointuient, 
to know of her whether tlie report of our friend's i»ro- 
tnotion was to be depended upon ; and after flattoring 
her pretty sufficiently, slie told me she knew nothing of 
the matter, that she believed there was nothing in it, 
aud that her son was never interested lu anybody's busi- 
ness, liis whole mind being taJten up in doing good to 
the nation, and till the French was drove out of Qer- 
many, and Prague was taken, he could not think of such 
a hagaltlk as t/iat. I own she put me in a passion, but 
I waa afraid of showing it least I should do mischief; 
but after expostulating with her that it was doing the 
aatioti aerdce to put. proper pjeople about the Eoyal 
4iunUy, and how much the C- — ■ would be ubligcd to him, 
^M> MMdt the less it was talked of the better, and that her 
faeaia Bhould 710/ mention it. My own opinion is that 
J*en Bhoold write to Ba,' to acquaint him of their whole 
proceeding, and ask his advice, and be ruled by him, 
,bqt I fear nobody can do it but the Troglodites. I de- 
sired Mrs. Don. to write this account to Pen, and my 
advice, for I had not time upon the road ; if she has 
not, be so good to acquaint her with this, which will 
save her the trouble of a repetition letter. I think I 
should be glad that affair of Miss Dodwell was to succeed, 

' Grace CotiDtess Granville. 
* Ixird Bftlliinore. 





for I cannot be more troubled than I am at present. 
This place is fine and agreeable; and indeed mama's 
excessive goodness to us would make any place so. 
Thank God she is very well and in high spirits I My dear 
Pip, you forgot Lord George was a member of the Hon*** 
House, and my directions about the letter: after you 
had sealed up my letter you was to write a D. and a P« 
of each side the seal, and no other direction than inclose 
it to Lord George. 

Adieu, ever yours, my dear friend. 
- May you liave a short and happy minette is most 
sincerely the wish of your ever affectionate 

And fiuthfol friend. 

My Lord desires his compliments ; mine attend Mr. 
Dewes, Mrs. Granville, and Mrs. Viney, who, I hope, 
will let me know as soon as you are in your bed, if Pen 
is not with you. -ir ^ t» 


It appears that the Duchess of Portland was not satisfied with 
the conduct of Lord Carteret or his mother, Countess (jniiville» 
in relation to Mrs. Pendarves's appointment at Courts and ibit 
she had confidence in Lord Baltimore's sincerity and advioey 
although she did not believe his interest was sufficient to cariy 
anything without the sincere co-operation of Lord Carteret, who 
seems to have been very supine, probably owing to the ofienoe 
given to Countess Granville by Mr. Granville's taking a lawye/s 
advice, and not leaving all his affairs in relation to the divinon of 
the Albemarle estates to Lord Carteret's management 

Mrs. Montagu writes, October 10th, 1742, to Mrs. DondUan: 

" I am glad Mrs. Dewes has not suffered so terribly this 
time ; as for Fen, she is not a daughter of Eve, bat of 
the collateral branch of Enoch, who walked as an angel 
before the children of men." 

•• 1 

OF MRS. DELANr. 197 

^Mrs, Pendarves to Mrt» Dewts^ at Olocester, 

aarges Street, 12 Nov., 1742. 

Totir delightfol letter made me happy last Wednesday, 
at Mrs. Percival's, where I was invited to fast, but truly 
it hi one of the last houses one should go to for that pur- 
posies fot the company of affectionate sensible friends is 
the Irighest feast. However, the day was checkered, my 
'pb6r Donnellan was very much out of order with sick- 
ness and pains; in the evening came your letter, she 
grew better, and I was happy. She goes next Monday 
to Twickenham, to Mr. Hoare's for a fortnight. I hope 
a little good air and change of place will do her good, 
and tiiat will please me better even than her company. 

I am as much perplexed for you as you can be for 
yourself in regard of my godson, but I think if you can 
be reconciled to the nurse's house,* that the story you 
have heard can be no great objection, but will rather for 
the future make her more careful, as she seems to be a 
good sort of woman. A deaf nurse is not to be endured ; 
the poor dear may make his little moans, and have a 
thousand uneasinesses that she will hear nothing of. I 
must desire you to send a chine of pork to Sir J. S., and 
another to the Percivals' by the return of the next carrier, 
but remember as I write for them I must pay, or I never 
will speak to you of what I want again as long as I live. 
Donnellan was very much pleased witliyour pretty basons 
and sweet bag, — they adorn her toilette. Yesterday I went 
to the play, to Richard tlie Tliird, with Lady Mary CoUey ^ 

' It was the cnstora at this period for ^eiUloinen's cliildren to be nursed in 
the a^ttages of tbeir wet nurses or in farm houscH, and Mrs. Dewes's children 
were thus nursed. 

' I^y Mary Hamilton, third daughter of James Earl of Abercorn, married 
in 1719, Henry Colley, Es(i., elder brother of Richard Colley, Esq., who was 
created Baron of Mornington. Lady Mary Colley bad a son, who died in 
infancy, and two daughters ; the youn;^er of whom, Mary, married in 1747, 
Arthur Pomeroy, Esq. 


and her daughter. Garrick acted with his asnal excellence ; 
but I think I won't go to any more such deep tragedies, 
they shock the mind too much, and the common objects 
of misery we daily meet with are sufficient mortifications. 
Mrs. Hyet sat just before us in her blue and silver, and 
with her horns exalted above her fellows. In tlie even- 
ing I go to Bond Street. Yesterday I dined with Lady 
Sunderland; she is complaining but better than wlien 
she went to Tunbridge ; to-morrow Mr. Dewes dines 
with me. A word to tlie Princess before I close : can 
she forgive my not liaving yet particularly paid my de- 
voirs ? Yes, I know she can ; as she has been accustomed 
to the many hurries and time-devouring accidents of this 
huge place. 

This moment my Lord B.' has been with me, and he ad- 
vises me by all moans to get the Duke of Bedford to ask ; 
as if he does, he is sure it will be granted much sooner 
than if the other person does it, and he would have me 
send to my Lord Gower, and desire him to request it of the 
Duke of Bedford. He staid above an hour, looks well, and 
seems sincere in his way of advising me, and wish^ me 
joy of my going to alt<T my condition. How can guch 
a report with so little reason he spread so far f Don^t say 
anything of Guyamore's advice to Princess* — I know she 
will not approve of it, and I am resolved. The fkir Maid 
of Honour, Donnellan, and Mr. Dewes dined with me to- 
day ; the news of the town is, Mr. Doddington owns his 
marriage with Miss Bean.* 

> Ix)nl Bttltimore. 

a (rracc Granville (Mrs. Foley) was often called " Princeis,** and Mn. Fen* 
darveti probably exi)cctcd her opposition to placing more confidence in Lord 
Gower than in Ann Granville. 

> Horace WaljK^le writes, Novr. 15, 1741!:— "Mr. Dodington hM fti Urt 
r.v^n«'d his match with hif old mxAinnf',** Mrs. B^ghan, Though eecRCly 

OK MltS. 1>KI.ANY. 190 

, ^ McB. Peiuliirvtis'g alliuion to Lord Bsltitnorc's visit and advice 
prores that they must I\ave bcou in tUo liabit of meeting again as 
meodd, and previous pasingea had indicated tliat they spoke, and 
itat she had aduiowltrdged hjfl civility at Court as an acquaintance ; 
but this is the first instance, at tJie end of twelve years, of her 

' mentioning Iiis name as " Guyanuire." I^orJ Itultimore was 
evidently at this time a friend of the Ducliesa of Portland's, who 
b«d conRdenco in his advico with respect to the contending 

, iatereats at Court, wlicre a place was in oontemplutton for Mrs. 
Pendarvca with her own consent and approval; a fact which con- 
clusively establishes tlic sincerity of her expressions of surprise at 
die rejiort of her marringc, which can only he accounted fw by the 
Supposition that although she was herself ignorant of Dr. Dehmy's 
sentiments, yet that ho had confided in some friend, who had 
betrayed his confidence before he had the courage to propose. 

C:rir:;raSli,H,?'J N\>v. 1712. 

, . I have dined two days together in Arlington Street, 
but heard no other discourse than what tended to the 
finery of yesterday.' My Lord C. was in phiin cloth ; 
('tis well if his heart had the simpUcity of his garment,) 
which was what it appeared to he a good, warm, clean, 

\jCoat. M^ lady* was in dark green velvet trimmed with 
ermine, and an ermine petticoat — a present from her 
son, bat it would have better suited the slender-waisted 
dan^ter Fanny, who had a scarlet damask and all her 

married, he could nnt own her, aa he then iliil, till the death of Mta. Straw- 
bridge, to whom he had given a promise of marrUige under a penalty of 
10,00W. George Bubh Doddiiigton, (created Lotil Metcombe, in 1761 ; died, 

• Om the occasion of the birthday of the Princess of Wales. 

' CouutCMsGrauvillL-. 


mother's jewels, was very well dressecl, and became her 
clothes. I have not seen her look so well. Mrs. Spencer 
was in blue and silver. But our fair Maid of Honour ^ 
outshone them all; clad in rich pink satin trimmed 
with silver, more blooming and dazzling than anything 
there except her own complexion : she was perfectly 
well dressed, and looked so modest and uuaiTected, that 
I think I never saw a more agreeable figure; in the 
evening I went to Lady North's,' where T saw but few 
people. Tlxe Duchess of ^Montrose ' was in silver tissue ; 
Lady Scarborough * in blue damask with a gold trim- 
ming. There were sevend very handsome flowered silks^ 
shaded like embroider}'; but the finest clothes were Lady 
Caroline Lenox's,* gold and colours on white, embroidered 
by Mrs. Wright. There was a very full Court, and great 
confusion in getting in and out at Leicester House ; the 
Princesses' ladies were affronted by the Princess of Wales's. 

1 " llic Honounible Klizabeth Ciranvillc, daughter of GfOi^n Loid Lint- 
do wne is named Maid of Honour in the ro<>m of Miss Hamilton, who I told 
you, is to be I^y Bmok."— H «/y>o/«'8 LftUitt, April 22, 1742. Mn. Psn- 
darvtis appears to have been at Bnlstrodc, at tall as Mm. Dewea, at th* lima 
of this apiwintment, which acoountd for its not hcinf; mentioned in hv letten# 

' Francis, 3nl Baron Guilfoni, succeeded on the death of his cousin, 1734. 
to the Barony of Nortli. Ho was bom in 1704, and married first, m 1728, 
I^ady Lucy Montagu, daup^hter of Geor<!e Karl of Halifax, by whom he had 
one son, Frederick, his successor, and a daughter, Lucy, bom in 1784. Be 
married, secondly, in 1730, Elizabeth Visconntess-Dowa^ of Lewiafaua, hy 
whom he had t^'o surviving; children. Tlie Baron niarried, thirdlji Anna 
Countess-Dowager of Rockingham, dnu«;htcr and co-heir of Sir Robert F miu f si ', 
Bart., by whom he kid no issue. Was created Earl of Qnilford, 8th of April, 
1752, and dieil the 4th of Au;::ust, 1790. 

s Lucy, daur^hter of .John, 2nd Duke of Rutland, married in 1742, WiUiain, 
2nd Duke of Montrose. 

* Fnuices, daughter of G^)rge, 1st Earl of Orkney, married llraiiiaa, 8nl 
Earl of ScarlM»n»ugh. 

* I^y Georpriana Caroline Lennox, daupiliter of Charles, 2Dd Duke of Rich* 
moi.d, married to Honry Fox, £b<|., after\«-ard^ I^nl Ibillend. 

The story told on their v.^ "*' 

tended by their ladies, ""^vi^ --"vw ^ 

were immediately carried i»Vi\iJ''*"«][^^*»^ 

of Wales before the di-awiDg-H)^'M<,^|^ ^ 

ladies of both staid in the outw4»ft^^-, w..^'^<»»w 
-„ . ^'*«B *^ <&?• 

notice was given that the Prinecss s,^,;i ^»^V 

going into the drawing-room, the fhn^ 

ladies went on, and shut the door upon tt^g ^»W 


saying, " their Princ&is's were not there." iv ^^ 
it is told, is tyn/ black; bat it is, I thinV, ii„^,^!^.»» 
should be true. There was one lady in the citcU ^^ 
Bobody knew 

Mrt. Pen<larvn lo the Ditehnanf Portland.^ 

Nuveuibor, 1742, 

There was a quarrel at Leicester House between the 
Princess of Wales's ladies and the Princesses. Who were 
meet to blame I don't know, nor who_9o/ the better, but Lady 
Anne Montague' and Lady C. Edwin' boldly entered the 
list and scolded jnoat bravely, but which of them remained 
victor is not said. 

I have not been at an opera since I came to town, and 
uafortonately declared before Miss Rich my indifference to 
the present compositions, who with a very contemptuous 

' The beginning of this letter is wanting. 

> Add, eldest daughter of Kobert, 3rd EbjI of tfiuicbester, marriFd Jamra, 
3rd Earl of Suffolk. Siie waa that nobleman '« tbinl wife. 

( Catherine, fourth dfiughler of Jlobert, 3rd Earl of Manchester, married 
Smuiel Edwin, of Llanvihangiil, Eftj., r*uiitj' Clatuorgaii, Soiith WiUs. 


smile said " I must not pretend to love music." There 
are great divisions amongst tlie critics concerning 
Garrick's acting.^ I am glad I am not such a critic as 
to find any fault with him« I have seen him act once> and 
like him better than I did last year ; but as he is a year 
older, and the grace of novelty a little abated, he must of 
course have less merit with the generality of people. 
Mrs. Foley does not come to town this winter. Miss 
Granville is at Windsor. The Maid of Honour is much 
improved, and I have the satisfaction to hear her be- 
haviour commended by everybody ; she was very fine on 
the Birthday, and looked so modest and unafiected that I 
was extremely pleased with her ; she is in great favour 
in Arlington Street. 

Mrs. Doddington's owning her marriage, and poor 
Lady Frances Williams'^ unhappiness I suppose can be 
no news at this time to your Grace, and since I have 
nothinig to add that can give you any entertainment 
I will be impertinent no longer. 

I beg my himible service to Lady Oxford, the Buke, 
Mr. Hays and Mr. Achard. 

I am, madam, 
Your Grace's most obedient humble servant, 


I rejoice to hear that Lord Tichfield and the young 
ladies are well; my affectionate service always attend 

' Garrick made his firet appearince in Goodmaa's fields Theatre, Octoher 10, 
1741, in the character of Richard III. 

3 Frances, youngest daughter and co-heir of Hiomas Earl Ceniagsbf, 
ried Sir Charles Hanbuiy Waiiams, Dart. 

* OF MRP. DELA»Y. '' ■ ^008 

■ ■! Mn.PeT,<lmvmioJ£rt,JMwti. ,,. ... 

'J' •-■'-.' '• I aar;;fg Sintt, G Dwr., 1748. 

SiD<x yon are' opon the wing, my doarest sister, I ehuH 
. 'address this letter to yon, though iu duty bound it ought 

' 'to have been to my mother, as I am now indebf^d to her 
'(beside a milliou of other fiivours) for the fitiMt of ohines 

"arid kindest of letters ; but when you have left hor I Will 
pay my duty regularly directed to her ; it e\-er awaits her 
'witih my tenderest afTeetion. I have been this morning 
with Mr, and Mrs. Perciv:il as far an the fartliest part of 
Cheapside at an auction, the advertisement of which pro- 
mised us all the rarieties of the Indi* coast, but such 
trash my eyes were never tormented with before \ and I am 
come home peevish and disappointed, and liave lost some 

' nbufs that might hare been better employed, though tlie 
jumble 1 believe is wholesome. I dine at home thut I may 
have the satisfaction of writing to you to-d;iy and telling 
you that Dr. Sandys has wrote to Mr. Phillips, and the 
letter went on Saturday. Dr. Sandys told Mr. Clark he 
thought tlie Bath would be absolutely necessary for the 
child. Methinks I wish I had the little boy with me here 
that the most skillful might be consulted, if you and his 
father approve of it ; you know how happy it will make 
me if my house can any way be of service to you, and if 
you do not care to come yourself, I shall be your second 
self in care and tenderness towards him. 

I send you Hammond's Elegies on our friend, but don't 
name her when you show them. I pity her; I am sure 
she must be touched when she reads them, and I think it 
not handsomely done of the person who published thera 
without her leave. 







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OF Mas. DELANy. 205 

tile tea in the cabiupt List WeilnesJay (a card table set in 
the dining-room, tli* rest of the company with mc). when 
who should ^Hde in but the Duchess of Queenitbury, in 
a mob and wltite hood pinnpd close nuder her chin, a 
yellow mohair gown, uo rufllt-s, only littU; frills sewed to 
her shift, no hoop, a tumbled apron, and her capuchin 
dangHng round her arju ; yet tliere was a grace in her 
altogethor, that shone out in spite of her dress. I believe 
she was a httle surprized at finding my rooms so full ; she 
stopped in the outward room and said, upon not seeing 
m© there, and the room so fine, " / wn afraid I have mis- 
taken the house ;" upon which my brother, who was at 
caft&, got up and introduced her into the cabinet. She 
was in a very good humour, hut it would have heen more 
decent for her to have staid at home till ray Lord Essex ' 
was buried, though he has been a worthless wretch, and 
particiilarly so to her sister. 

Kow I talk of wurthlossness, T must tell you the present 
discourse of the town is that Lord Euston^ is certainly 
going to be married to his sister-in-law, Lady Augustus 

• ■William, 3rd Earl of Essex, marrial, in 171R, Laiiy Jane Hyde, eldert aur- 
vlving ckugfaler of lieary Enrl of CUtteDdon, by wboni he bad four daughter!. 
The Counteas died in 172-3:. Ilia Lordship married, seoondly, February 3, 
1726, Elizabeth, <liiughter of Wriotliesley, 2nd Duke of Bc-dford, but only a son 
and two daaghten lived to maturity. He died Juiuary 8, 1743. 

' l«dj Dorothy Boyle, eldest daughter and co-heir of Kicbud, 3rd and 
last Earl of Burlington, married George Earl of l^uaton, eldest Bon of Charles, 
and I>ukeor Grafton, and died without children the year after her marriage. 
Upon a picture of Lady Dorothy Uoylu, at Cliiswick, is the following intcrip* 
tion written by hiT moihLT. 

" Lady Dorothy Hoylc, 
H-im May the 14ih, 1724. 

" She was the comfort and joy of lier [larenla, the delight of all who knew 
her angelick tem[)cr, and the admiration of all who saw her beauty. She wis 
married October 18th, 1T41, and delivered (by death) from misery, M«j the 
2nd, 1742." 


Fitrroy ; and that he has made enquiry what the expense 
will be to keep out of the Bpiritual Court. What a 
monster he wiU shew himself to be, and his eo-partner in 
wickedness no less so ! If this be true it will oonfirm every 
villanous action he has been suspected of. How happy 
was it for poor Lady Euston to be remoyed from such a 
villain I I believe I shall go to*nig^ht to see Garrick with 
Miss Granville and my brother ; they are to dine with me. 
Donnellan is better, though complaining, and is grown a 
perfect shadow. 

The beginning and end of this letter have not been found, and it 
is not dated, but the death of Lord Essex wliich took place in 
8th January 1743, proves that it must have been written during' that 
month and year. After this date, there is an interval in the corres* 
pondence with Mrs. Dowes of more than two months, in whidi 
Mrs. Pendarves probably met her sister at Mr. GianviUe'i a(t 

Mrs, Pendant to Mrs. Dewes, 

Clarges Street, 23 April, 1743. 

My dearest sister, how much in vain is it to say I 
wiU sit down and write a long letter in this same popu- 
lous city» where everybody cuts and carves one's time as 
they please, without considering the preciousness of the 
commodity, and that they cannot restore what they rob 
us of. Monday's post, I hope, will bring me the happy 
news of my mother's and the little brat's safe arrival i^ 
Bradley. Many thanks to you for your last letter. You 
say Mr. Dewes will come soon to town ; he will be wel- 
come when he comas^ though I shall soon leave him when 
he does come. I wrote you word Sir John Stanley had de- 


termined to go to tho Rath, I wrote tn T-a^Iy Sarah Cow]>er 
to take lodgings, the coach was onlored, tiie day fixed, 
and my brother's spirits and mine nmch elated with the 
prospect of his parsaingtUe only nietliod we vrere assured 
by Dr. Wilmot could be of service to him; but the 
wind is changed — he says he has not strength to pw- 
form the journey. Tlie lodgings are tmitespokfi, the coach 
/orbui, and we are ^uiie chagrined ahoitt it ; but there is 
no attempting to alter his resolution — it mai/ of itaelf, 
hut never on persuasion : such is man ! 

Yesterday morning Jiet Castlemain came and break- 
fasted with ra«, aud told rae all her concerns. She is in 
fine ■spirits, I hope with reason ; her prospect is a fair one, 
and I believe matrimony never appeared with more advan- 
tage than it does at present in her eyes. Kext Monday is 
the day appointed, and her Iumghty,periiers6 nister has not 
offered to go with Iier to church. Mrs. Hopkins has pro- 
mised to go witli her (if she is well enough) ; and if not, 
I have proinm'd her I will go; her brother gives her 
away ; nobody else goes. As soon as they are married 
they are to breakfast with me, and go before dinner to 
Lady Read,' aunt to Mrs. Brinsdel, where they stay a 
week or fortnight. I am to tell yoo that the servant you 
Recommended to Mrs. Bet Castleman must not depend 
on her, because she has some thoughts of keeping a 
sertant that is now in the family ; but if that servant does 
not go into the country with her (which she is not sore 
she will)" then she will take the other in case she is at 
liberty to come to her. So much for Bet. 

I dined at Carteret House last Thm-sday ; nothing 
passed concerning my affairs. They were in a mighty 

' Qiiery, wifG of Sir Thomas Bead, and daughter of Sir Ralph DutUjn. 


hurry preparing for the Hanover journey.' Lord and 
Lady Carteret set out on Tuesday. The old D. is alive 
and alive is like to be ; she asked me when Mr. Dewes 
came to town, and said '' if he liked to be a commissioner 
of bankruptcy she could get it for him, but should not 
look upon that as providing for him, but would serve far 
pocket-money in tlie meantime ^ I hope he will be able 
to arrange about Welsbourn ; I have bought mama's 
nightgown, and to-morrow Mrs. Foley sets out for Stoke, 
and will leave it at Gloucester for her. I dine tx)-day at 
Mrs. FercivaVs to meet the Southwells, who are going out 
of town ; in the afternoon we have a musical party at 
Lady Catherine Hanmer s. 

Last Thursday there was a masquerade at Ranelagh, 
I had a ticket offered me, and refused going, because it 
was a rainy night ; was not that very discreet ? Mrs. 
Wingston is come to town ; I had just now a message 
from her — I had rather she had staid at Bristol. Lady 
Westmoreland ' comes to me this morning by appoint* 
ment, and we shall, I suppose, settle about our Kentish 
journey ; but I am shilly-shally about it in my own mind, 
as it will be expensive, and keep me longer from Bradley. 
To-morrow Lady North and the Montagus drink tea with 
me : I dine at Whitehall. Lady Sunderland is pretty 
well, and was at the Fercival assembly ; the town is much 
healthier than it was. Thank God! all our friends are well ; 
and I have not had, nor my brother, the least touch of the 

* «< In 1743 Lord Otrteret wait«d on his If ajetij to Hanover, wlio befen hit 
leaving St. Jftmei*, ftf^KHnted him one of the Lords Jnstices, and his Lordship 
attended all the campai^pi that year in Germany.** — CoOitu, 

* Juhn, 7th Karl of Westmoreland, married Mary, only daughter and 
heiress of Lord Henry Cavendish, second son of William Dakeof DsTooshfre, 
bnt died without issue, August 26, 1762. 


infineoza : the blustering winds wc have had of lato 1 hope 
have carried off aJl unwholesome vapours. My best and 
afffectionat© duty to dear mama, kind serviw! to Mr. 
DewcB, and to yourself say from me al! yon would Bay 
to me. 

Instead rif aa account of Mrs. Pcndarvcs' exclusion to Kent, 
which was in contemplation with Liuly Westmoreland at the con- 
cfuBioD of the above letter, circumstances, evidently totallj/ ufu(x- 
pKted by heraelf, directed her thoughts into a very different 
chanact. On the very day— pisaibly at the very hour that she 
was communicating her doubts to Mrs. Dewes, as to the prudence 
of complying with Lady Westmf>rcland'e wishes, (because it would 
not only entail additional expense, but probably prolong her 
aba^ice from that ^ter who still continued the chief object of her 
life.) another individual was writing to herwlf, who eventually 
exercised a moat important ialiuence over her future existence. 
The following letter from Dr. Delany to Mary Granville (Mr*. 
Pendarves) has happily escaped destruction, and may be considered 
a model letter of proposal as fer aa words can give unmistakable 
cvidenee ot deep sincerity, individual humility, and a high principle 
of honour. In this composition there aie no unmeaning phnisea, 
Before he arrived in London, he determined openly to declare the 
purport of his journey from Ireland, to stuie simply his conscious- 
aem of falling far short of her desert, hut yet to admit a hope tliat 
the similarity of their tastes and pursuiis might p^sibly induce her 
to share his home. He enumcr;ites with plain straightforward 
good sense, details sufficient to prove that she would lose none of 
the reasonable comforts of life by accepting him, yet this Ih 
dooe in bo simple a manner as to be really touching irom its un- 
aSected truth ; and although no one can peruse it without feeling 
convinced that Di. Delany entertained more fear ^wa hope, yet 
there is a conscious dignity and a delicate devotion in the feeling 
he expresses, that he never could be lowered by her r^ectwn 
though the chance of her acceptance was worth any effort he could 
make to obtain it. 


The &ct of Sir Clement Cottroll Dormef having invited Dr. 
Delany to remain with him in London, proTea that he was an 
intimate friend, and cognizant of his intended visit to England, and 
possibly he might have been an indiscreet confidant of his intentions 
long beforehand, and thus have caused the rumour which had been 
propagated the previous year, when Dr. Delany had been a wi- 
dower above twelve months, during which time he had constantly 
remained in Ireland. 

Dr. Dtlany to Mn. Pmdarvt$. 
Madam, Dunstable, April 23, 1748. 

I am thus far on my way to wait on my friends 
in London. I hoped to have reached St. Albans to- 
night, and Sir Clement Cottrel Dormer's* (who has kindly 
invited me to reside with him) on Monday at noon; 
but am prevented, partly by the badness of the weaiiier, 
and partly by the spleen of an humourist — a valetudi- 
narian fellow-traveller. You, madam, are not a stranger 
to my present unhappy situation, and that it pleased God 
to desolate my dwelling ; I flatter myself that I have still 
a heart turned to social delights, and not estranged either 
from the tenderness of true affection or the refinement 
of frienclship. I feel a sad void in my breast, and am 
reduced to the necessity of wishing to fill it. I have lost 
a friend that was as my own soul, and nothing is more 
natural than to desire to supply that loss by the person in 
the world that friend most esteemed and honom^ ; and 
as I have been long persuaded that perfect firiendship is 
nowhere to be found but in marriage, I vdsh to perfect 

> Sir Olement GottieU Dormer, was mentioned in fonnerlettai •» Sir 
GtoMnt Gottrell, and wm Matter of the Ceramoniei to Geocye ll.p— hU an- 
cestors having been Muters of the Ceremomes from the time of CSuuies I. 
flir Clement died at Booifaam, October 13, 1768. 

or MltfL UiCLAIfY. 'ill 'flu 

tmne in that state. I know it it) lat^; in life to think uf 
cnga^ring anew In tliat state, in the bediming of my 69th 
year. I am old, and I appear older than I ant ; but 
thaak God I am sttU in healtli, tbo' nut bettered by 
years, and however the vigour of life may be over, and 
with that the liijour of vanity, and the flutter of passion, 
I find myself mtt less fitted ibr all that is solid happineas 
in the wedJed state — the tenderness of afifection, and the 
faith of friendship. 

I have a good clear income for my life; a trifle to 
settle, which I am only ashamed to ofier ; a good honse 
(as houses go in our part of the world), moderately fur- 
nished, a good many books, a pleasant garden (better I 
believe than when you saw it), etc. Would to God I 
jujght have leave to lay them all at your feet. 
;i ,Tou will, I hope, pardon me the presumption of this 
,HJ^, when I assxire you it ie noway blemished by the 
v^ty^ of thinking them worthy of your acceptance, but 
as you have seen the vanities of the world to satiety, I 
^Jlowed. myself to indulge a hope that a retirement at tliia 
.tiioe of life, with a man whose turn of mind is not foreign 
£com your own (and for that only reason not wholly un- 
worthy of you) — a man who knows your worth, and 
honours you as much as he is capable of honouring any 
thing that is mortal, might not be altogether abhorrent 
from the views of your bumble and unearthly wisdom. 
This I am sure of, that if you reject my humble and un- 
worthy offering, yoiir liuinility will not let you do it with 
disdain; and if you condescend to accept it, the good- 
ness of your nature, and generosity of your heart, will 
prompt you to do it in a way most becoming your own 
dignity, and the security of my eternal esteem, and inex- 



pressible gratitude : at aH 6YentA, let Me nbt iie^ impaked 
in the honour of your friendship), sifiCe it is impossible I 

can cease to be, wiih the truest veneration and esteein, 

. • • • • . . , 


Your most humble apd most obedient servant^ 

. Pat. DuiANT^ :* 

P. S, I hope to be in London on Mond^j mghi|» an^ 
to have the happiness of finding jpu e^her in Qif^rg^ 
Street or Northend on Tuesday morning. I beseech 
God to guide and guard you. 

Ten days after the above letter, Dr. Delany wrote agam, and 
from the tenor of his expressions it was ^viden^ that Mrs. Pendarves 
had decEned giving her reply till her mother, her brother and her 
sister, had been addressed ; but yet it may fidrly be ilt&ltedAthat 
Pendfiorvea had intimated that her aoceptatiGA might follow 

or approraL 

■ m m M it mm mm . . '•'.,>','; i • • - ; . • 

Dr. Jbfilany to Mrs, TendarvtB. '•..'* 

Pertnit me, madiw, t6 beg t6 knicyir ikft^ m lis^igfit 
depends upon y our friends iisi'Glouoest^? tf Hbeffin^me^- 
able, bb so gt>bd aa to signi]^ it't^ in^' hf ^Jimfifi^^m^ 
iiie hondur to cdl th^ni'My;^<»mi!fe; Illn«(^t)^thita^it 
all events ; mxi^i \skkxkA eitii^ %o be ii^Mh^lMil^taibd- 
tion and esfeetri, 'yttursi "i^-^'"' ■** ••:!■••!•? ir'..,r I) r!vq*ii> 

May every daiy (^ yMr life bJ^afir^littppy^^^^ 
find this ' and ttiefiiefit'f ^and msry tbJrMk^ wdqng 
mine such be otdy ytmrt. fiftiKtonl the pnsumpttdb <tf 
this wefl intended >;f4BE, in, Aadasi^ » i 

Tour modt obedient at^ not #tiokly unselfiah B^rvant;^ t 

Pat. fin&AMT^ii^ 

.4;.vi:-.-0r MRS. DELANY. iJi,, 8«B 

; Thwe ds-ys aftai this letter, Dr. DcUny wrote ^ain in a manner 
prbicib clearly showa that Mrs. GnmviUe's approval hod not been 
received, and that Mr. Granville was depidedly lioatile, though some- 
what mollified by a visit to Sir Jobn Stanley. It also appears that 
Mrs, Pendarvcs had made her brother'§, as well as her moiher's 
consent a condition, and that Dr. Delaoy despaired of obtaining 
tbaf of Mr. Granville, who was well known to have been violently 
opposed to hia sister's marrying a man who liad no claim of ancestiy 
*tb bring forward, of anything to offer in excuse for wtist'lfr, 
Oranville doabtlesa considered unparalleled preaiimptiun. ' ' ^* 

'■■■- . - :■- ^-ua 

■I'lrf b-TJiug turn wing od Iwt) 

ham fi'lPV ■.>.«« -...I-'"' f^i ,ir«t»i| ^-rr^i^t -.J- —« I r-,""' 

,5,^^,.,,, Dr. /WWK,Vlifiifr,fl«#W. 

nihi^L- .,;,..! i;:, -. ,:., ', M«iT6ih.j 

IJIt^dLtDAH, ' ■ ' 

woli'l Thotigh I can scarcely- hold a pen in ray hand, I 
cannot help attempting to inform you that I apprehend, 
from a moment's conversation with your brother thismom- 
ing in the street (for he was gone out before I could reach 
hi»: hioase), that his visit at Korthend has made some 
'^haogn to hiB sentiments in relation to me. I beseech jon, 
awdam, lesve me not to the caprice of any of your Mends; 
«nd: ihoch less to the mercy of every humour of eveiy 
Arieod. Where yon owe duty, pay it ; and let me rise or 
-6itt by tile determination of duty ; but let not the decision 
depend upon the fickle, the uncertain, and the selfi^ Qod 
.'baa blessed you with noble sentiments, a good understand- 
ing and a generou.s heart ; are not these, under God, your 
best governors ? I might venture to pronounce that 
even a parent has no right to control you, at this time of 
life, and under your circumstances, in opposition to these ; 
and a brother has no shadow of right. 



Bless me with one minute*8 conversation before you 
go, and fix my fate — ^thus fitf, indeed, it is already fixed, 
that I am, and must, at all events, be unalterably yours. 

Dr, Jkiany to Mn, PendarveM, 

Inclosed is a letter to your mother ; if you think it such 
a one bs should be sent, be so good as to return it by the 
bearer with a direction. If you wish anything added or 
altered let me know it without reserve^ in full assurance, 
that my greatest happiness is to do everything you wish. 
Make me happy in one moment's conversation when it 
may be least inconvenient to you. 

From the above lines it appeals that a fonnal proposal was in* 
olosed to Mrs. Granville^ requoating her ootoseut. 

Dr. Ddamy io Mn. Fmdarvu. 

May 12, 6hi the evming. 

You are in town, at least I flatter myself that you are, 
and well and happy. I must not see you 1 however be 
well and happy. You have determined on my fate, but I 
must not know it ; perhaps I shall know it too soon. Icai^ 
endure even suspenae for you though I would not endoca 
it for anything thia earth calls honour : the hope of the 
alliance is of a higher speciea. They say you sleep 
better, that is the condition of a heart at ease, — would td 
God mine were so! it must be soon at aD events. I 
awoke early last Sunday morning with these two lines 
in my mouth : — 

Oo half my heart, and half my eool 
Haste home again, and make me whole. 

^^^^^ t .^:OF MBS. D£LANT. SjU^- 

I I really cannot fiay whence thuy came from, — I wisli 

f anybody could U'U me : but I wish with much more iinpa: 
tience to know whctlier t/utt return U to rcpoii or t« 
rend me to pieces. I beseech God it may Iiave that 
effect, whatever it be, in whieh your temporal and t'tumal 
happiness are most interested. 

I have the honour of a letter from Mrs. Granville : it ia 
nol unfriendly ; it kaivs my happiness where I wish it 
may rest for ever on tiiis side heaven — at i/<yttr feet 
Might 1 hope to have one ray of hope conveyed to me 
in half a line by the bearer. 

NiDCteen days luul now oUpwd einco Dr. Delany'a letter of 
piopoe^ written at Dunstable ; and making allowance for all the 
preliminary steps which were considered proper, as well an llio 
al>TW pace of the post at that period, and the delay neccasary lor 
oonsideration after a letter on each a Bubjeot waa rcctnved, with 
the time required to compose and write an answer, it may be oon- 
sidered that Dr. DeUny's .suit liiid spt;cf!fd well tu have arrived at 
the stage of a "not unfriendly " letter &om Mrs. Granville, and 
als9 th»t he entertained hopes of a bvourable decision irrespecUve 
of Mr, Gfanville'8 consent. 

The following letter is the first intimation that there was a 
Mmplete understanding between Mrs. Fendarves and Dr. Delany, 
B&d that she advised him how lo act to obtain the conctirrence, 
Mtd thereby pieserve the harmony al her family. The " friend " 
dloded it might be supposed, was Lord Carter^ were it not that 
there is presumptive evidence, that however partial Lord Carteret 
was to Dr. Delany previously, he never desired that he should 
marry a Granville. 




I have senttbe mamge agreed on to Lady G.'^ by mgf 
friend, who undertook ifc wi& a zeaL and a iranknesd that 
doubled his merits He deli§^ed me be3Fond measureiby 
letting me see he honouved you higfaly<^-that ia almost half 
aa much wide; how much that is, I either eaimot erdaM 
not say; It is too much presimiptioni to aisk^aveyow 
alone ? it is much more so/to 'hope to be* haf^py with you 
onemolment? Adieu. 

The nedct link whicli tfie Editor possesses of tlus oor^espQndeiiOQ, 
is the followiBg letteor fitym Mrs. Dei^ to Dr. Debmy, y^K& ^ 
monsliatefr in » rsitiarkAble manner her single-heidrted tnd &im*. 
traested didpositioQ, and abo her entire ccmfidenoe in bef «B|ei^ 
judgment. The datei&d of June^ iBdicales duit Ik. Dekoiy'a 
suspense and anxiety had then happily tenninated. « i :> 

■♦ I 

JIfrf. Detoet io ZV« Mmjf. : , /. 

^adk7vMJtme»U43;> : 

•■ I 


Though it is very natural \o Ukeil^OBe.pei^n^;^hi§Ft 
are valued and diatiiiguished by a ^ivourite friaf^ yet I 
must assure you that my respect and admiration you 
have had, long before I could imagine there would be 
any other aitacbmaqt than what is due to unoonmd^n 
merit; butlxiow with great wiUingness fmd jdbaitire wfl^ 
add sisterly aSeotion and esteem, which I dare say biaBk 
increase upon acquaintance, and as you make herheqtfg 
who is endeared to me by the strongest ties of I^f^ and 

' CotintflSi Gfanvflle. 

^■-.^fOPMirat. DGLAKT. 'I' Wf 

obligation. If you find she lia-s not entirely misplaced 
her friendship and will add yoars to it, I shall he vastly 
glad, and if the most ardent prayers and wishes for 
your mutual happiness is any degree of merit, then I 
own I have a great deal, anil fear I can claim no other. 

The just sense you have of my sister's extreme worth 
gives me iuhuite delight, I never thought slie could 
nteet with anybody sensible enough of tliose delicacies in 
her disposition that complete the moat amiable part of 
a woman's cliariictcr, but now / believe she has ; which 
will greatly alleviate what I shall suffer by her absence. 
Her absence is a subject I will not mention, for as I now 
sinctffely desire to promote your happiness, I trust in 
your generosity to deprive me of as little of mine ad is 
in your power to avoid; and slioll put Mrs. Pendarres 
in. mind how much joy and satisfaction she retards by 
staying in London longer tlian is ahsolntely necessary. 

I hope Mr. Dewes has had the pleasure of being 
introduced to you ; bis integrity and good principles are 
worthy your notice and esteem. I will make no excuse 
forihis long letter, because where the heart is concerned 
it is impossible to say little. I must return my thanks 
^ tiie pleasure of your letter, and am, 

.Dear Sir, your most faithftil humble Servant, 

AsNE DewbS.'' ' 

■':..■ ■.'!■; 

■ Hj mother's compliments and good wished attend' 
yoo. She is sorry her letter had not the designed effect, 
for she is impatient (as well as myself) to see you at our 

Maiy Granville, Mra. Pcndarves, married Dr. Deltmy (according 
to the Qcntleman's Magazine) on the Slat May, 1743, two days 
before the date of this letter, and the Editor does not poseesB xaj 



more authentic record, but fix>m various passages in subsequent 
letters she has reason to believe that the marriage really took place 
on the 9th of June. 

There is no doubt that in either case it was very private, and in 
all probability she would only have been attended by Mr. Dewes, 
(who was evidently in London), and one female relation. The 
above letter of Mrs. Dewes still mentions her as " Mrs, Pendarves^* 
and if the marriage had taken place when that letter was written, 
it would prove that even her sister did not know for what day it 
wua fixed, which is highly improbable. It was consLstent with the 
character of Maiy Granville, after baying obtained her mother's 
consent, her sister's approval, and Sir John Stanley's acquiescence, 
and tried in every possible way to reconcile her brother to heat 
marriage, to have no further delay, and at the same time ii would 
have been imworthy of her sincerity to have had the pretence <^ 
any appearance of rejoicing. She well knew that Dr. Delany ninst 
ultimately stand or fall upon his own merits and qualificationSp 
and having made up her mind as to their value, and obtained tlie 
sanction of those who had the nearest claims upon her, she had 
nothing more to wait for. The only person in her own fiunily who 
was wtiTnatdy acquainted with Dr. Delany was Lord Carteret, 
whose dislike to the alHance materially cooled his previous fiMdd- 
ship^ and whose feelings were eertaiii to be shared by bis mollw, 
die old Countess GtaaviUa Lord Carteret's opnions would m^ 
tnndly influence all the rest of tb6 Granville tmSlj^ liad aei 
appearances warranted his dgectaonf^; aa it ^oextaialy wf» » isre 
eaLoeption to the general order of things, that any p^san who bid 
been bom in so different a sphere from that which Mary Granville 
and her ancestors had occupied for centuries, should have been 
so endowed as to be a suitd)le companion for one who stood pire^ 
eminent amongst her own contemporaries for taste, taot^ tateiit, 
and refinement of mttiners; and it would have been in vain for her 
to attempt by reasoning to convince her &mily and firanda that the 
GhanoeUorof St. Patrick's, however great his learning, or how e y ^ 
virtuous his life and chaxacler, could possess those xequisitei iriiich 
were necessary to secure her daily and hoorlj oonfint and 
ness setting aside aD fedings of fiunily 



*"■•''■ Fkom Novembee, 1743 TO 1746. 

The following letter ia the first in the Editor'a possession written 
ftfter Mary Granvillo'a second marriage. The interval between 
June and November had been evidently spent in visits to her 
mother and sister, and some other friends, and slie and Dr. Delany 
^npe now apparently on their road from Gloucester to London. 

i-tu^ Mr». lUUmy to Mr*. Dmat. 

^''^ Clarges Street, lOtli Nov., 1743, 

_r It was a most delightful welcome to my own house to 
{lett flo scKoi from my dear friends at Gloucester. I tiiank 
God we have had aa good axtd pleasant a journey as we 
botiSA possibly have wished for, or our friends for as. 
' Mr. Dewes has informed you I suppose of his safe 
fttrivat in town and adventupes on the road. He left 
Burford about half-an-hour before us. After a good break- 
^t of caudle we set forward for Combury, and sent a 
messenger forward to a^k leave to go through the park, and 
to say if my Lord C. was alone we would breakfast with 
him : he sent back an invitation to on to dine as well as 
breakfast, and entertained us with showing us hia house, 
pictures, and park, which indeed are aU as well worth 
seeing as anything in England, especiaUy when he is there 


to do the honoun. Tht hooBe has no regular front; tt 
is unfinished but nowly fitted "up with grewt elegulce, 
and oontatns a number of very fine rootns ; the to^er 
apartment is just fiiniished, Etnd is the prettiest thing I 
ever saw, someirhat in the taste of Mrs. Horner's. "HH 
park lies finely to &e house and ie Taost diftnning, atid 
kept as nice as a garden, and a grave) path quite) rotind 
it, that you may walk in any weaither. The ground' Bea 
most advantageoosly, uid is phmted with greait skill and 
great variety of fine ta^es, some thick wood, some chittips, 
in short nature and art have done their beat to nudtO^ it 
beaatiiHil. I delivered Mrs. DoncomVa measagetohimj 
be pleaded guilty, but aeked 6o kindly after bM>, that \f 
believe she will take him again into &vdiit. He doe$'^6 
in Berkeley Square, and they were ignorant who reported 
that he had disposed of hia honso there. 

We were much pressed to dine at Otnmbury, but Ihjfli 
would have led ua too &r into the night before ve c4bld 
iMve reaohed Rouseham. I had almost forgot tv gpeii: 
parlnoolarly of the pictures : they axe excesnTely fine, meat 
of them Yandykea, whole lengths, and a fact laaakMtxft 
them. Either the punter or the pereons painted ^md^iMro 
gracafulnees than the modem nobility, for tii^ tiUiOtik 
Uke mlet^^h-^sAan^rt compared to .&^ aneeetdrs; ^iAi 
liordCombury led me to the ooach, be said hewas*'ol)ligal 
to me ahai he now bdonged to Dr. IMany, attd ttiit h« 
Aad a rigiU to olaum Ma friendship and aoqiMUBttow.'^^''' 

From hence we wwt to Bons^uan^ and gi<rt*jftwil 
by two o'clock, just as t)» fioaily <tB« >itt>-4»^llM)>IW_ 
aittiiiK dowQ to Uinitcr. Wn were received with f 
friendship, and it socms to be the"i 
Clenictif (A)tt('r€l ia veiy \ 


possessed of, for he not only enjoye it himfteli^ but makes 
it very agreeable to his fiuuily ami friends, Tlio house 
u. very (Ad, and the rooms low, but fioifilied aud fur- 
mished in the nicest manner ; a new library was added 
to it not many j'ears ago, a most m:^ni£ceni room, 
Kid finistied with the highest expense. There are two 
very large bow windows in it, and nearly five thousand 
volumes, and prints that cost between two and three 
thousand pounds, — I mean ttie priiit.8 only. The house 
abounds witli valuahle antiques of all kind» such aa 
Ixistov, i«tatues, brouKes, basso relievos that arc emm^ 
Ut make one wild, Wsides inany very fine picturea 
by several of tlie great iiiatitcrs ; so much lor witliin 
doors. Then the garden is past my skill txi describe ; all 
1 can say of it is that I never saw a garden which 
pleased me so well, bnt the weather was so bad all the 
time I waa there that I coidd not see half its beauty. 

We left Kouaebam on Monday morning at seven, 
dined at Stoken Church, and lay at Heconsfield, and 
fiMwd. tAie reads very good ; I sent to Peg Bellemden w| 
tec^iflrwe got to our inn, but she was a1»road. The 
MS^iitiwiliag before we set oui I made her. a. visit of 
Swlinumte^i fer she would never have Xorgiven ma, if 
L'Jiadr pwsed her by in sUence '. she atteced many a 
iteil thisigf and is the very individual Peg you knew het 
91) Siomet^et . House. We got to Bulstrode J!>y .nine 
o'cldek, the Duchess and Don. were a-bed, but I .soon 
roused them : we were very glad to meet, and aU talked 
fail of breath, asking on both sides an hundred questionsi 
and not giving leisure for the answering one. I never saw 
Don. better than she is now ; the Ducbees has lost h«; 
cough, but is by no means well ; Lady Peterborough i^ 



there, axid Lady O'b time of makiDg a yimt there not jret 
fixed. We have promised to return wb soon as possible ; 
with great difficulty we left them before dinner, and got 
very well to Clarges Street^ as my letter to my mother I 
hope informed you in time. 

That night Mrs. Percival came to invite us to 
with her yesterday, and to go in the morning to 
hall Chapel to hear Mr. Handel's new Te Deum rehearsedt 
and an anthem.^ It is excessively fine» I was all raptuxeaad 
so was your friend D.D. as you may imagine ; everybody 
says it is the finest of his compositions ; I am not well 
enough acquainted with it to pronounce that of it, but it is 
heavenly. I dined at the Percivals, many enquiries after 
you from everybody. D.D. and I made a visit of about two 
hours to Sir Bobert and Lady Sun. ; they are aQ oom- 
plaining there. 

Oh I forgot to tell you I made a visit to the OAd 
Countess^ but she looked so cross and so cold, that I staid but 
one quarter of an hour, and she received D.D. in ths9(UM 
uay ; great discontents about pabhe aflBBoiB. Weaie just 
going to Northend — I will finish when I return ; Ladjr 8. 
Cow. is better, she comes to me to-morrow, this afternoon 
Lady North and the Maid of Honour. Two o* the dock. 
Sir John Stanley looks and is much better than "wb^n I 
left him, and full of Ward's praises ; I am gM^ he Itas 
so much reason to speak well of him. Since om being 
abroad the Countess has honoured ns witha visits andkft 
word she *' heped to see us soon ;" I hope she will be in 
better humour vfrhesk we go neik I Iflce my new maid ' very 

1 The fiuDom Te Demn and Anthem for the rictory of DektingeD, wen 
solemnly song in the preeenoe of the King, in the Boyml Quipel of St. Jamei'i, 
on the 27th of November, 1743, alter having been xehearaed on the 18th and 
26thy at Whitehall Chapel, during the forenoon. 

I'OF KB8. DELANY. 228 

well, she has been come a week, she hiut a lively louk uiul 
promises so far very well. Poor Mary had two fever fits 
'OQ the road, she has a medicine pvtiD her of b»rk and 
snakeroot that I helieve hiis etopped it. Pray what is your 
reooipt of bark and soakeroot ? Let me know exactly how 
you do, ajid if you eat and sleep well, and what my bro- 
ther says more about Calwicb. and what you inteud to 
do ? I think I must part with Mary soon ; I cannot carry 
'her and Betty WodaJi also to Bulstrode. 

1 The hold Corabory here mentioned was Henry, son of Henry 
^Hyde, 4tli Earl of Clajendon, and 2Bd Earl ol' Rochtistcr. He died 
^afew months before his fiither, aflcr whose death Cornbury became 
tb« property cif Catherine, Duchess of Quevusbury, sister of Lord 
Combury. " Tl;e Cornbury Colieclioii, formed by the great Loid 
Chancellor Clarendon, is (1856) partly Dt The Grove, in Hert- 
foidslure, the ecat of tlio present Lord Clarendon, and pertly at 
-Bothwell Castte, in Lanarkshire, llie seat of Lord Douglas." 

It^mham (in Oxfordshire) is in llie Elizabethan s^le. Wal- 
pole wriles, in July, 17'jO :— '* The yroatist pleasure we hud, was 
liKiBemog Sir Charles Cottrell's, at iiousham, it reimtated Keat 
>inths^i he has nowhere shown so much taste. The house is old, 
j^ was bad ; he has improved it — stuck as close as h£ could 
to Gothic, made a delightful library, and the whole is comfortable. 
The garden is Daphne in little, the sweetest little groves, streamy 
glades, porticoes, cascades, and river, imaginable ; all the scenes are 
'lire perfectly classic. Well, if I had such a house, such a libntiy, 
-89 pretty a place, and so pretty a wife, I think I shoold let King 
' George send to Hcrenhansen for a Master of the CeremoDieB."' 

' The Cottrelte were hereditary Masters of the Ceremonies from the reign of 
Charles I. 


Mn. Montagu writes to Uie Duofaces d* Portland at this period : 

*' Pray where is Pen ? Will she produce a sprig of 
bays? It must be a little Master Apollo, or a Miss 
Minerva, from parents of snch art and science/' 

Mn. Ddany to Mn, Dewe$^ <U Mn. QranvilU% at 0hu€$9ier* 

ClargM StMt, 18 Nor. 174S. 

This was the day appointed for onr going to Bnlstrode, 
but Lady O. did not go till yesterday and stays a week, 
and we choose to defer our visit till that is ahnoet over. 
To-morrow D.D. preaches for the Bishop of O. at St. 
James's. Last Sunday we were both there. I believe it 
is the church I shall go most constantly to, — there 10 
always good preaching. I am very glad my mother and 
you are come to a resolution about going to Calwidi. I 
pray God send you a prosperous journey, and all joy i&d 
satisfaction at the end of it. But you say no more of your 
little Court than one of your portmantoes. If he could tell 
his mind, and knew of the fine bowling green he will have 
to roU upon, he would chip his hands, and crow for 
joy. This will be the hist letter I shall direct to you at 
Gloucester ; my next shall salute you at Calwidi, unless 
you change your mind. If the weather continues as it is 
now, it will be pleasant travelling, but tiiough I talk so 
quietly of your going to Calwich, don't think I giv« 
up your coming to town, for after three months quiet 
repose a month of hurry may not be disagreeable ; but 
let that rest at present. 

My new maid promises very weU. and she has a 
sprightliness without pertnesa that pleases me well, and 

■OF Mils. DELANV; ' "^^ ISJ" 

» no boop — RO nmcli for dnmPHtirs, F/irftipi affhi're 
stand tbua: — We bad an invitatiou to the Troyltjdito- 
boQAO to diiinw, wh«ro we were entertained with mauy 
speeche^j, mucli rattling, und nu fbtid. I liad proniigeg, 
nods, shakes of the himd, and two salutes a.s usual. I told 
him I had now c/uuu/ed my suit, and tliat from tho iiiorit 
of X>. D. and his friendship to hiiu, I thought I couhi not 
fail of what J wished. He smiled and promised, but said 
nothing to the purpose ; but the vacafU Farm which the 
L^d of the Manor kept Ui dispose of himself, I am posi- 
tively assured will not be acceptwd by the person designed 
for it.' Tljia I have good authority for saying, and luire 
sent (he Bailiff' word of it, iuid if my mt*;lligenoe is true 
without some roguery in the Bailiif I think wo cannot 
fail of being soou put into po»se6sioD ; but my lot is 
alixady inllen in a fair gi-onnd, and ii' Providence neea fit 
to enhir^ our dominion I hope to be truly thankful, ami 
to iiiak'f ;i |>n'pvr um' •>( all ;iJvant;it;f'^ that may befall 
me ; but my dfAt is (arge already, and I most heartily pray 
fcff graee to discharge it as I ought to do. 

leiterday seven Cottrells dined with us, but they ai« 
sack good-humoured people that ceremony is thrown 
ajM^e, and we passed the day like good country neighbours. 
I believe Mr. Dewes will think us lost, for we have named 
three dayis running for going out of town ; he is Tery well 
and I shall challenge a day from him before we go. We 
hiwe all escaped cold and are perfectly well. Poor Lady 
Sonderland has been under great trouble for Master 
Satton, who has lain in a raging fever for several days 
past ; he is now better, and they have hopes of hia 

Lady Sarah Cowper is still compUments, but better ; if 


you have not heaxd from her it is because she has not been 
well enough to write. We talk of you, when we meet^ till 
I am forced to change the subject. I really grieve for 
the loss Mrs. Viney will have this winter and her daii|^- 
ters, — I hope I shall hear from Uiem as soon as you have 
left Gloucester ; I desire the same from Princess, to whom 
I will write soon. I have a thousand odious fiddle fiiddle 
things to do this morning, but will finish this sheet first. 
I am not sorry the Foleys were so resolute in not coming 
to you, for at this time it would have been troche- 
some to mama. Mr. Wise has got the candlesticks 
and salt*seller, and will obey all commands; Why did you 
not keep the warm purple-coat to wrap yourselves up in 
on the road ? you might as well have sent it from O. as 
from G. Pray let Mrs. Brinsden know if you see her (or 
her sister Skin.) that her parcel was safely delivered to 
Mrs. Hopkins ; the Montagus of Hanover-Square come 
to town to night. Your dear Uttle stray letter came to 
town, introduced by the Master of the Ceremonies. 

In the midst of all our hurries here, D.D. has found 
time to settle his sermonizing affairs,^ and I believe they 
will all now be finished before he goes to Bulstrode ; 
they have not yet brought forth the dedication. Poor 
Lady Carteret's body* was brought over in the ship 
with my Lord, who has been dangerously ill* but now lie 
looks well and in good i^pirits, though they appear to me 
put on ; Lady Dysart is not yet come. 

If my brother has no use for his house, why should you 

< « Twenty Sennons vpoo Soci«i Duties and (heir Oitpotite Vket,** If Um 
Bsv, Dr. Debuiy. This Tolame is dedicated to the Conntess of QimnTille, and 
the dedication is dated Feh. 23, 1743 (old style). 

I Lady Carteret died at Hanover on the 9th of June, 1743. Her body was 
brought over in November following, and buried in Westminster Abbey. 

or MES. DELAKT. 227 

not come to it sbt wef^ks or so if my mania likuf Ijw 
quarters at Calwich and her landlord resolves to stay in 
tiie country. I said 1 would not talk abuut this any 
nuire, but it lies at my ht'artt and I cannot help contrivinGf 
every possible way tor our meeting; I hope I nhall be 
able to m&ko ray vi»it in StaiTonUliire the begiimtng of 
A|Mil at furthest, but that depends on circumstances. 

] was at tilt' opera of Aloxandisr, which under tlie dia- 
gaisc it sufTerc-d, was infinitely better tlian any Italian 
upem ; but it vexed me to hear some favourite songs man- 
'f^itA. I think I mai/ say my pencil has produced a good 
ipiMe. I have bought a very fine head ruillcs and tucker 
.^fiin. Carter — new lashioncd BruRsoU, it comes to near 
-fifty ponnds: is not that extravagant? 'Tis very pretty 
-tt well as fine. 
al brwvii'jl> ■/!■>.■.- ,, .,.„^ 

*''*'jH,''^U£iy to 31t» Dcutj, at CaU-ieh, n«r Ailihatmf:, TlerigihffS. ' ' 
O^sins^i m ■■■■ 'I 

BiiUtTode, 27 Nov., 1743. 

f^ Ji3(nr^ joTjmey was so short that I have nothing to tell 
.yon abwit it, but that wt; performed it in three hours 
'^d arrived here at twelve, met Lady Oxford on the road 
,,aiid found the l>uchess better, though she has been very 
much out of order witli hysterics, which has been the 
reason of her not writing. Don. hopes yon have had her 
letter. She is very well, and so is the Duke, the children, 
Mons' du Poivre, and Mrs. Eistob. 

To d^cribe to you the charms of Bulstrode is needless ; 
your memory will do it justice, and figure to you the 
pleasmre I enjoy here with my agreeable friends. As 
soon as I know you are safe at Calwich, I shall taste the 
joy of my dear friends meeting there in so pleasant a 



place. It would have been happy for me this winter 
had the meeting been wittiin my reach, but I must accept 
of joys as they are dealt to me, and be thankful ; it is too 
much to enjoy every blessing in our own way ! We 
walk every morning — that is we have walked yesterday 
and to-day, all of us ; but to-morrow Mr. Jackson comes, 
and the Duchess will be shut up in her turning-shop all 
next week. The Duke and Lord George go to town next 
Wednesday to the meeting of Parliament and return 
on Saturday, and Mr. Drummond, your old acquBiiAt- 
ance, with them ; you know he is very agreeable arid 
entertaining, and afler hurrying about as he h^ done 
after the camp, he will be glad to sit down quietly' in 
peace within these walls. You'll fancy you are not 
acquainted with this Mr. Drummond, but indeed you 
are; it is not the banker at Charing Cross, nor Mir. 
John Drummond, for he is dead. 

The Duke of St. Albans sent to the Duke of Marl- 
borough for his interest in an election, the message was 
carried to the Dowager Duchess, and she sent back word 
that " though he teas a fool he should not be evetybodj/Ti 
fool.*' It is reported that the Duke is disgusted and has 
laid down. I can tell you nothing of the Troglodite 
House, for neither D.D. nor I saw them for a week before 
we came out of town. Master Sutton is dead at last, after 
a very terrible fever of above a fortnight ; I was with poor 
Lady Sunderland at the time he died, and she was much 
shocked with it and had su&red a great deal with seeing 
him endure so much, and is out of order in her own health ; 
but I hope when she comes to consider calmly, and that 
the natural affection a mother must feel at first for the loss 
of a child gives way to reason, she will be reconciled to this 


^bok^^/or siich a chiW is really no Inss. Sir Rolx^rt in 
very illj and so is Betty 'IHcliljounie, who lias nursed her- 
self to death ; Miss Sutton bears up very well, and is a 
support, to the rest ; 1 must write tu her to-night, uud you 
know hours run away hero imperceptibly, I shall hardly 
have time to write two words. 

D-D- preached to-day his first sermon on the Duty 
of Children to Parents, with approbation. The Duchoss'e 
raptore about Matlock continues, and she says the people 
of Derbyshire and Staffordshire are the best-bred people 
she ever met with anywhere, and she is quite pleased 
with ^Irs. Bo. How do you like the pearl ftmntain? 

7P.S- If you should see a paragraph in the newspaper 
about the Buke of Portland don't be alarmed ; he has had 
the misfortune to break his arm, but thank God is in a 
good way. He fell from his horse this morning as he 
ytas hunting. You may believe what a stroke it was to 
all, but especially the poor dear Duchess ; but tlie surgeons 
and Br. Sandys, who is liere, assure us so positively of his 
being very safe, tliat I hope the worst is over. He has no 
fever and tlie Buehess is pretty well ; don't expect to hear 
next post — the post after you shall uot fail. I'his lettep 
was written yesterday but the accident happened tlm 

Mn. Ddaity to Mti. TJcioea, of Calwich, near AtKhmirat, Derbi/shire. 
llulatroJe, 30tlh Nov. 1743. 

For fear my dearest sister should have some anxiety 
about the Buke of Portland I cannot omit writing this 
post. He is as well as can be expected; he has no 


fever, and his arm is very. well set; but he must be con- 
fined to one pMture in his bed some time longer, which 
is very fatiguing to him, though his patiant diqfK>9itfion 
makes it less an evil ifaa& it would be to mott people. 
The Duchess is pretty well, — I apprehended this accidei^ 
might be of consequence to her. She is very low-qttrited^ 
and that you will not wonder at. 

Mr. Bewes must have had an aocount of your ji^wcney 
from your own hand. I came here last Saturday!^ a^ 
hope tb*morrow to have the jojiul account ci yew , Ba^ 
landing at Galwich, imd that the road and waters betjirf^w 
Uttoieter and my brother's were not so terrific us ,|Qy 
mother apprehended they would be ; a thousand tha^)uii 
to my dear mama for her kind postoript^ it was indeed 
an inexpressible pleasure to tne to hear of her b^wii^ 
traveUing so well ; I believe it will do her a vast d^al gf 
good, and am sore make my brother hfl^^py. My nBK>st 
humble duty and toider afieci»on to both. 

I did not send the work at last to Mr. Dewes, 
shall be ready for you when I go to town ; youmaj h%ya 
it after tiiat wh^iever you please^ DonnellaQ i» here^ i^id 
I hope will stay as long as I do; slieia ywy inv!^ 
mended in her health~-I nev^ knew her tp baffJ^pQ^iiiiw 
complaints at this time of the year. You must not 
expect to hear next post. . .j . 

We were afraid Lady 0. would have come, and lier 
formality would not by any means have agreed wUli,ttie 
liberty of this constitution ; but she sent Mr. Dnusnioiid 
here yesterday to see the Duke, — and he returned iigj|m 
at noon to her. 

•nna ad hatm -it) *w 


wtayu' (a Mrs. iMlany. 

•^•liiA*^ Madam, 
"'""■•" None but the present Mrs. Delauy can be w good 
wA ike tftte Mrs. Pendanres. By the gentle stroku of 
humamty and the elegant ones of the jien I know the 
postscript to be yoiu-s ; you have saved me from a fjreat 
deal of affliction though you cannot yet cure me of anxiety 
for tlie Duke and Duchess. I had hy accident the news 
delivered to me before the letter. You will iniAgiue how 
much the paragraph alarmed mo ; but you .say the 
arm is well set and there is no fever^pray heaven, con- 
tinne these favourable symptoms and strengthen the 
■poor Duchess, whose spirita are now, I fear, too easily 
disordered ! I hope the Duke will not have a trouble- 
some confinement, but that he will aoon be well agaui. 

T ought to make some apolojry for not having wruto 
to 3'ou on your marriage, which, though custom seems to 
ordain, I think when a person chooses suck a companion 
SB you have done, it is almost an injury to interrupt their 
otmrersation ; and the truth is, not being well when you 
left London, I let slip so much time before I was aware 
of it that I was afterwards ashamed to write. I am sure 

' Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Mattbcir RobinKin, of West LtytOD, in 
Torkibire, married Edward Muntai^, of Albrthorpe, Yorkshire, Esq., (of 
tbe Sandwich family,) Aug, 5, 1742. They had an only child, which died 
in 1745, Mr. Montasii ditd io 1775, and she anrrived ontil Aug. 25, 1600. 
lliia lady was the author of the Esmy on Shakspeare, and the chief of "tita 
Hue itockiagi " of her day. She gave an annual feast to all the chimncy- 
eweepera in London, and had a room in Montagu Uoiue, Portmaa Squaio, 
hung with tapestry made of feathers. 

" Tlie bird* put off their every hue. 
To (irtu a room for Manlayue I 
ITk ptacork Kndt hia heavenly dyrt, 
BU rutnbt'iM and hU ttarry eyei." — CowpbB. 


my good wishes and regard, (and I must say lovely for yoa 
have had no intermission, though my correspondence has 
had too much. I hope you will receive me into grace 
again, and allow me to write to you. 

The fine weather we have had lately will liave shewn 
Bolstrode to Dr. Delany to hetter advantage tlian places 
usually appear at this time of the year, and I observed 
in Dr. Delany (the few hours I had the pleasure of 
being in his company) a greater gout for the coontryy 
and a better taste for rural beauty, than I almost ever 
met with. In his imagination I could perceive the poet^ 
in his reflections the philosopher, and m both the divine. 
It is a delightful thing to walk abroad in a simshiny 
day and observe the liie imparted and happiness com- 
municated to animal Ufe, and the beauty diffused through 
the vegetable world; each being in the creation, has 
its portion of happiness ; but to our kind is reserved 
that of rejoicing in the universal welfare. Dr. Delany 
is happy in a companion like you, who take a philoso- 
pher's and an artist's part in the natural world ; to a 
mind that comprehends you have a hand that records and 
represents its beauties. Your drawing-room boasts of 
eternal spring — nature blooms there when it languishef 
in gardens ; and not only prospects and landscapes are 
represented by your art^ but even human passions 
and fugitive thoughts are expressed and fixed by the 
strokes of your pencil. I cannot hdp wishing I ^as 
within a visit of Bulstrode, though I have one great ob« 
jection to that place, which is, if one was to live a hun; 
dred years there, one should think one went oS sud- 
denly. I do remember there was a clock in the break- 
faj:it-room, but I am sure I never counted an hour there. 
I cannot imagine how it happens so many such people as 

'OF MRS. DRLANV. ''^ 888 

are now tliero caa have got togothoT ; it seonis to me 
like the end of a romanc*. Sir Philip Sidney would 
pompously say, " Wiw* tfm eTCKlUng M:ceUeiioj of so mant^ 
exci'Ueni pi rxons WfUt collected m me pluoe ii liMtlt all ot/ter 
piaeta seen M deflate and dt'Mituie of all exaetlmei/ that 
dgaolatioa itself could not a/>pi*arr more demlaie than nil otfttr 
aocigtjf oomparxd. to thai eacellcnt as^emfil}/," Iwish yinijt^ 
of your new nephew, and I liope Mrs. l>wes ha« well 
recovered her lying-in. I deBire my compliments to 
Dr. Delany and many kind things to Mrs. Donnellan, 
who I will epistolize verj- soon. 
I am, dear madam, 
Hflidsuii.v i ' iiYour very affectionate and obliged 
-oroD BSLuii-:i]<,'.l !'•■ Harable servant, 
4sui->i:1* [- >'■■ E. Montagu. 

■, '■' Mrt. Ddang to Mn. Detett, at CaiuHch, near AtHwume, BerfiytMrt. 
Bulstrodt^ 4 Dec., 1743. 

T am infinitely obliged to my dear sister for the 
great pleasure her last letter gave me ; to hear that all 
at Calwich are well and happy is a true delight to me. I 
know you would like my brother's improvements, and 
D.D. is not a little pleased that the pearl fountain^ is in 
favmir. Has my brother done anything to the Gothic 
building yet, or does lie reserve that for spring ? What 
room do you lie in ? and does the little boy come on with 
his feet ? I think I see him clapping his liands, and hear 
him crowing all day long at the variety of living creatures 
that flutter about him. The Duke of Portland is as well as 

' Mrs. Delaiiy wa* called " Ote Pearl," aud Mrs. Dewes " the pearly Dews." 


anybody erer was under 8Qch an accidesit as ha has had, 
but he is threatened a little with the gout» which wiH be 
a sad thing to him in the helpless way ha is in at present. 
The Duchess sends her kind love to you, and begs yoa 
will not take h^ silence ill, but she has been in such a 
way for two months past, such hysterics have seized har» 
that it has made her incapable of doing anything. Mrs, 
Donnellan wrote to you, but I find you have not had her 
lettar, which she is much concerned about, and begs her 
affiactioiiste service to you ; she is pretty well, the Duchess 
is better, the children very well, and Monsieur da Poivrt 
the true representative of care^ — ^for since the Duke's con- 
finement he has hardly allowed himself time for his meals i 
his eyebrows are arched to the top of his ¥rig, and his sighs 
are enough to turn a mill. Now the Duke being pretty 
well again, this continued dismaUty of Aohard's diverts us. 
D.D. makes himself agreeable to all, and I have the 
satisfiiction of seeing everybody treat him with that 
kindness which / think his due ; he is to preach to-day 
the second sermon on the Duty of Children; he ni 
quite charmed with the Duchess's management of her 
little family, and surprized at her great prudence and 
resolution in regard to them ; Lady Margaret is grown 
a very pretty girl and in great £&vour; Mrs. Ebtob 
is pretty well. Yesterday morning D.D., DonneIlaa» 
and I went to Windsor to Miss Granville. She waa 
gone to church, where D.D. followed her, but Don- 
nellan and I were so cold we went iui stirred up her fire^ 
and bespoke breakfast; they soon came in, and after 
Inreakf^ was over, D.D. proposed going to ffee the 
pallace ; I let him andDon. go together, and staid wi& 
Violet, a» I wanted to talk with her about htr own 

OP MB8. 1>EL.\NY. 

aflairs, which I find ore in a ve:y bad way, and her 
spirits Tery low. She has wrote io Ijord Carteret to desiro 
he Would get her a pension ; Betty Granville' delivered 
the letter, which he read, and assun-d hor, (in his usutU 
fiUj* style) that he " would serve her, but she »*iwrf lutm 
pitknce." It grieves me that so valuable a yonng woman 
should be so distressed ; the best of hor depundanco is an 
handred pounds a year, paid by the trustees, and when 
their trust ceases, in all probabiUty her luaintenance may. 
But we most not despond — the hand that overrules all I 
hope will support her. Mrs. Foley has had a cold and 
been blooded, but is pretty well again. I liave heard of 
abmidance of weddings. I will not say I luve good au- 
thority for all, but /«/*(■ news in the coimtry is matter of 

amusement. Lord and Lady Bell yinch,' Duke of 

Beaufort* (as soon as the divorce is concluded, which will 
be soon) and Miss Whidhiun, Will. Leveson* and Lady 
Blimdford, Lord EustMi,* and Lady Camilla Beimets* 1/ 
liit(Meld ' and Lady Mary Tofton. I have not heaxd 
from Sir J. Stanley lately, nor from Miss Sutton since I 

■ ■ The Maid of Honour. 

* Lady Isabella Finch, died nnmarricd 1771, tliird daugtiter of the 6th 
£arl nf WinchelBea, first Lady of the Bedchamber to the Priocws AnieKs. 

' Benry, 8rd Duke of De«ofort, married, June 23, 1739, Frtuieei, only ehild 
of ¥uooant Scudainore, from whom he was divortxd in 1743-4, aad did not 
marry again. 

* WilBam Leyeann, aecoDd son of JiAn first Earl flower, died uamtrrlsA, 

* George Earl of l^ustoo, oldest bod of Cbarles, 2Dd Duke of Grafton, 
roarried, in 1741, Lady Dorothy Boyle, eldest daughter of Richard, last Earl 
of Burlington, who died the year after her marriage, and Lord Euston di«d 
In 1747. 

* Lady Camilla Benuet, only daughter of CTiarlea, 2nd Earl of Taokervtlle. 
She marriod first, Gilbert Fano Fleming, Esq., and uoondl;, in tT79, 
Mr. Wake. 

' George Heury Lue, Karl of Litchfield, succeeded his father, February 
1742-3. Ue married Diaaa, daughter of Sir Thomas Pranklsnd. 


came. I wrote to her and begged of her to let me know: 
how Lady Sunderland did ; I take it a little ill of her, 
because it has given me great uneasiness, as I left them 
all ill and in affliction. It is reported that our great cousin 
is very much discontented^ that he will not long maintain 
his post, and that Lord Chesterfield will succeed him ; 
this does not sound very probable. 

Mrt. Deldny to Mr$. Dmuea^ at Cdlvnch^ near Aakboume, IkrbgMrt, 

BalBttode, 9 Dec. 174^. 

The cold I had when I left London was so slight that 
it was not worth mentioning; the pure air of this 
place took it ofi* in a day, and I have not the le^ 
remains of it. "We are all in good spirits about the Duke 
of Portland — his arm was unbound the day before 
yesterday, and is very right ; m a week more they say it 
will be quite knit : all send kind greetings to Calwich, 
where I suppose you are, though you call it *' Bradley*^ in 
your letter. But, my dearest sister, how is your lame- 
ness ? I know a strain in the calf of the leg is a very 
painful thing, but I beUeve and hope not so lasting an 
evil as a sprain of the ancle ; I know you are uniler the 
care of an excellent nurse and physician, and I trust they 
win not only apply what is proper, but will keep you 
quiet as long as is necessary for you to be so ; and the 
weather is not tempting enough for you to be adven- 
turing : let your son seek adventures for you, his youth 
and spirits can bear the rough salutes of Boreas, and the 
nipping frost he bids defiance to. We have had no such 
beautiful icicle scenes as you describe, but have been 

OF HIt8. PBI.AKY. , , SJf^ 

clouded with continual fogs ; about noon they go off, a»d 
I h&ve walked or gono ui uoacli or chaise uvery day. The 
Duchess, who loves everyhody and everything better than, 
herself, will not use that constant exercise that in pro- 
scribed for her, though yesterday we prevailed on her to 
make Mrs. Bellenden a visit at Beconsfield, who is as 
bouncing as ever, and as loud : she made many enquiries 
after you and ray brother. To-morrow we go to Windsor 
to see Miss Granville. Mr. Drummond was here when 
I received your la^t letter, and I niade your compliments 
to him, he returns you his, and many thanks for your kind 
wishes. Lord Dnpplin's son is dead, but his wife alive;' 
liappy could he liave made an exchange, for she grows 
more and more intoleraUe, and sets him at vai'iancc with 
all his family. 

I am glad the Shepherd of Calwich has got a good 
Sock without doors, as well as witliiu — everything that 
adds to his contentment and pleasure adds to ray happi- 
ness ; had T not a very pure disinterested love for you all, 
em^ would creep in and make me angry at a satisi'action 
you possess togetiier without me, hut far be tiiat Jiend 
from me ; I feel all your joys, and wait till the happy 
hour arrives that will give me ray share with you. I am 
afraid Mr. Dcwes will think I am not a woman of my 
word, I promised to write to him, but you know what a 
devourer of one's tirae the Duchess of Portland is when 
one ia with her ; I have not written three letters since 
my being here besides what you have had, and they 

' Con.stantin, liatighter and heireas of Jolin Kyrle Emie, Esq., married in 
1741, Thomas Viscouut Dupplin, afterwards Earl of Kinnou!, and haii an 
only chilli, bom Auimst 12, 1742, who died Outober 14, 1743. The Counttw 
Lcraelfdicdin 1753. 


were letters of business. I hope Mr. Dewes will have a 
good journey, and find you quite well of your lameness. 
I am just come from showing D.D. the Park ; we borrowed 
the Duchess's chaise ; she intends to build a grotto in the 
hollow that you have a sketch of, and I am to design the 
plan for it. Her projects of planting and building are as 
innumerable as her works, but she will be prudent in her 
execution of them, and not go on too fast ; she has this 
year made some improvements in the garden. I must go to 
prayers, where my dearest sister will be remembered in ttiy 
most serious moments, and tliis must be finished at night. 

JSHght is come, and I was in hopes of getting some 
news from Lord G., who came to-day from London, but 
how foolish was I to believe I fould gather knowledge ! 
" To-morrow is to be an important day mth the LordsV — 
'* About what, my Lord ?" — " Ahoui. what f nay t dcnU 
tnaw^ I cant tell ; I know nothing of the matter.'* — '* I hear, 
my Lord, that the players have quarrelled, pray how is 
it ?'•—'* / don't trouble my head about it — it is no concern 
of mine^ all stuff and nonsense.'* Thus were we informed, 
and I was resolved you should have your part of it. He 
clock strikes nine, the supper-bell rings, but befoffe I 
finish I must obey our kind Sovereign, who desires her 
'' affectionate compliments to dear Pip, and as soon as 
she can write she wilL" 

D.D. is very busy, looking over his works for the 
press; as soon as that work is accomplished he. .will 
write to the ** pearly Dews.** 

God bless you all ! You say nothing of the yoiing 
park-keeper sA, Highnam, — ^I h(^ his situation agrees 
with him. The lovely little group here are well, and so 
is Mrs. Elstob ; all send kind love and service to Pip. 

<r^'-.OP MBS. DELANT. ''V Wt 
O rf awy to lin. Dmxt, at Caiurich, near Aihbovmi, Derbyihin. 

.vtiit'niui ■:" ' .'-J 

. BulalroJe, U t)ec., 174S. 

,, Iproposed to myself writing my most dear sister a long 
letter to-day, but beliold how iny designs are frustrated. 
This morning I went with the Duchess of Portland, 
to wait on the Duchess of Kent,' and we came home to 
dinner at half-an-hour past four, and I am now so lazy 
and tired (though otherwise perfectly well) that I cannot 
say mach, but will send you next post a folio sheet. I 
am very sorry to find your lameness still confines you, 
and cannot help thinking the accident has been worse 
than you own. Whatever it is, I beseech you, be not too 
hasty in walking. The Duchess of Kent' has made vast 
improvements at Old Windsor ; I had not a notion of 
half the beauties of the place ; slie Jias made a walk wind- 
ing up the hill, and a noble terrace-walk at the top that 
commands a most extensive and delightful prospect. We 
dropt D.D. at Mr. Bateman's, but found he was expected 
at the Duchess of Kent's, the servant had forgot to deliver 
the message, which brings another visit upon us ; indeed 
I am ready to drop asleep over my paper, I must have 
Bome coffee to wake me. So adieu. 

Ijidy Sarah Covtpefi to Mrt. Dewrs. 

December 20th, 1743. 
It will be excusing one fault by another when owning 
I am ashamed to see two letters from my dear Mrs. Dewes 

' Sophia, daughter of William Earl of Portland, anfl widow of Henry Grey 
SitVe of KcDt. 

' I«dy Sarah Cowpcr wna the eldest daughter of William, 1 at Earl Cowper, 
She die<l unmarried in 17fi8. 


unanswered. I confess at the same time, that I hare 
broke my word with the physician who attended me in 
the country, and to whom I promised a feithAil account of 
my health in ten days, which I have not found time for 
in two months. Three months in debt to Miss Talbot, 
&c. ; and my letter-case is full of demands of the 
same nature. Writing is scarcely tolerable to me yet, 
suffering xmder a thousand complaints, though that of niy 
head is entirely removed. Dr. Hoadley said it was 
rheumatic, hitherto it only leaves one part to attack 
another ; but I am told I shaD be well in time, or what 
is equivalent pain will become liabitual, and I shall not 
mind it ; I beUeve neither of these predictions ; my age 
will not let me hope the one, nor my impatient temper the 
other. In such circumstances I wish, though in vain» that 
all my friends were about me which is always a blessing 
devoutly to be wished, — but in my case would be more 
particularly so ; yet my brothers and sisters and maay 
tliat I love are absent. The comfort I have is in Mxv. 
Fointz's ikmily ; I see them well, and in great joy that 
the inoculation of the girls has been as successful as tiiat 
of the boys, and they have one fear less to smuggle with. 
I had a letter from Mrs. Delany last night, — she does 
not talk of leaving Bubtrode yet ; she was very good to 
me when in town. I saw her here two or three tunes^ 
and called upon her one morning ; we had not time to 
look over the drawings and poetry yon write of. Nothing 
convinces me more of the patter Mrs. Delany has over me^ 
than feeling myself growing reconciled to the adventurous 
step she has taken, but she gives reasons for every thing 
she does that / cant but submit to ; I wish her happy ; 
she says she is so, and / mtist believe her. 

OP MR3. DELAKT. * ' ' ^^ 

There is no news bat politics, wliicli T never atteiia*fo ' 

enongli to repeat witli clearness. 
"Toumeiitionone of your boys only at Calwicli, Thope 

bdth ar« well. 
•^Bdiere me most sincerely my dear Mrs. Dewes, 
*''"Yourrery affectionate and obliged humble sen-ant, 
•^' S. COWPKE. 

X|fj oompliments to Mr. GranviHe. 

The oneiosed is a copy of my letter wliicli I wrote to 
the Duke of Devonsiiire as soon as I received my dear- 
est cbusin'g commands. I wish success may attend all 
you can desire, and that Dr. Delany and you may see 
many hkppy new years together I I am sorry for the 
Doke of Portland's accident. I hope her Grace and his 
Grace may now soon be in town, that I may hare the 
pleasure of your company ; Fanny ' begins to return her 
visits. Mid will be overjoyed to converse with you 
both at your house and in Arlington Street, and to wait 
on you to the opera ; but these are no temptations for 
you to leave the fine place you are in till the family breaks 
op. My best compliments to all, and my particular and 
tender respects to Dr. Deiauy, 
I am, dear Madam, 

Tour affectionate humble servant, 

' Lady Francea Carteret, married, May 25, 


This letter from die Countess Granrille is a prooF that her old 
feelings of attachment to Mary QrarmlU had returned^ even after 
her marriage with Dr. Delany, which had discompcieed her very 
much. Mrs. Delany always seemed to distrust the sincerity of 
Lord Carteret, but there is no doubt that he was, individually, 
partial to Dr. Delany, and that he had taken especial pleasure in 
his society until the marriage which both he and his mother 
disapproved, though it docs not appear that there were any other 
grounds than inequality of birth ; and that, as an individoali both 
Countess Granville and her son liked Dr. Delany. 

Mn, Delany to Mrs. Dewes^ at Calwidi^ near Ashbourne^ Derbyshire. 

Balttrode, 4 Jan. 1743^1. 

I am happy in a full assurance of my dearest sister's 
kind wishes at every season and on every ooeasion ; but 
I feel strongly the truth of what you say, that when the 
heart is particularly filled with gratitude to the great 
Author and Bestower of all our blessings, those friends 
we love most tenderly cannot fail of our prayers and wiiheft 
for their prosperity ; nor can we omit our most gratoAi} 
acknowledgments for the happiness we enjoy in tender 
valuable friends. My most dear sister knows howneariy 
she is concerned in what I say on this subject. 1 do iW 
eaj>ect to hear from the Squire of Calwich so long as he 
can have so good a secretary as yourself at his eerviee^ 
nor do I insist on his writing as long as I ean have ilmi 
assurance from you of his being well. I say the same 
to my dear mama, and beg she will not think herself 
obliged to write to me because I wrote to her ; ishe is 
so excessively good to me when she is alone in letting me 
hear from her constantly that she may well indulge 
herself now. I am extremely pleaded with your hospitable 

MltS. DELANY. 348 

and rational way of spending- your Xtraas. I know 
nobody better qualified to make his friends and ueigh- 
boTirs happy than your landlord, and I heartily wish we 
were with him to enjoy our share of the happiness he 
dispenses/ but onr aSairs this winter will confine ns to a 
spot of less delight, and we must wait for the spring and 
sunshine before we can take that share. Must I give up 
all hopes of seeing you in town ? I hope Mr. Dewes has 
entirely lost the disorder in hid eye and that he is very weE, 
pray assure him of my best service. He has had fine 
walking weather, and I dare say has made good use of it. 
You know by this time how well we agree in our opi- 
nion of the Yellow Journal ; 'tis really droll and witty. 
I believe I told you the judgment of this house about 
ti*e Fiftli !Night ;* 'tis iwt no (lark as some of Ida former, 
but has iwt so mucli merit as his last, though many 
Uionghts and lines in it are charming. T am sorry my 
godson begins with blotting out " ijood," but that was 
ycrar faalt more than his. I suppose by this time he can 
pMnt to round O and A, and that I shall find him a 
notable scholar in the spring. You bid me not be under 
any concern about your lameness — a reasonable request, 
truly, and very practicable for me to put in execution ; you 
may as well charge me not to be cold this weather ; but 
your letter to the Duchess has lessened my concern and 
. given her a great deal of pleasure, for which she bids me 
give you her kind love and many thanks. Have you 

^ This sentence inJicatea that Mr. GrsDrille had invitod Dr. and Hra. 
Delany to Calwich, and that there was a cerlain ap]>e&rance of amily ; but it 
waa very clear that there visa a great change in the feelings and conduct of 
Mr. GfBDville after his aister'a marriage which made her very nnhuppy. 

1 " Night Thoughw," l>y Dr. Young, were Hup[)osed to have benn prompted 
by tha death of his wife in 1741. They were published at ilifferent times dur- 
ing the years 1743-4. 



seen the comet ? All here saw it last night bat myself ; 
but I was writing, and by the time I liad done i* gre^ 
cloudy ; it is to be seen not far from the south, near the 
constellations Aries and Pisces, if the air be clear; it 
is like a small star with a streaming tail, but^of a faini 
light ; it was seen here last night about 7.* 

Now I must tell you what is mere extra&rdinary than* 
any phenomenon in the sky ; upon hearing that Dr* Fletcher, 
Dean of Down, was to be made Bishop of Raphoe I wrote 
to Lady Gr. to desire she would apply to the Duke -of 
Devonshire immediately for it, for that D,D. would lik^ 
it as well as the bishopric, and in truth it is a hetteir Uiiiig'^ 
She answered me the third day after I wrote to her in the 
kindest manner^ and sent me a copy of her letter which 
she wrote to the Duke of Devonshire as soon asi she 
received "my commands'' as she calls them— H very 
strong, pressing request for the deanery. Well, this is 
not all the strange news, — Lord Carteret has presented the 
Maid of Honour ^ with a very handsome birthday suit of 
£3 a yard ; I dare say it is all by way of courtshy), but 
the poor nun of Windsor has no hopes, and they talk of 
trying to prevail with Lord Weymouth to add to her in- 
come, which Miss Granville fears may only do her a imi»- 
chief with him, but this is to put off trouble from thMi* 
selves, and they do not consider the bad consequence : Jiow- 
ever, if, on their implication, Lord Weymouth 19 disobliged, 
it ought to be a strong motive to them to make it up to h^ 

t ** The head appMurs bright, equal nearly io magnitude to the stair 8Mw, 
the brighteet star in our bemiaphere. It htm a fiery tail about ilx degiHa 
in length." — London Magatine, 1744, p. 46. 

3 The Hon. Elizabeth Granville, with whom it was then mi ppM &i Lord 
Carteret was in love. 

OK MRS. UBI.AXT. 245. 

The I>uke of Portland is very well ; they talk of re- 
moving the latter cod of iiext week, and will not part with 
us till tlie day before they go. Dounftllan, CD.j and I 
went yesterday to Beconsfield, to see Peg, wlio was ex- 
cseUent, and entcrtahied us very much. She enquired after 
yon and my brother very particnlarly. It is reported that 
the old Duchess of Marlborough is pa}"iDg ofi" the Duke 
of Marlboroufjh'a debts, and that she has given orders to 

iier porter not to let that dog of a in-law into her 

doors on pain of losing his place,' Miss Hamilton, Lazily 
Brooks.' sist {illtufible) married to LordSntton Manners," 
and Miss Selwyn, the Maid of Honour, very soon to Sir 
William Irby,* who lias got by the death of Lord Ux- 
bridge' X5000 a^year. She is a lucky girl, for he is a very 
gomlsort of man. 

D.D.'h most aJfectionate ser\-ice and duty attends Cal- 
wich. Thank God, ho is very well, and I have tho 
happiness to find him loved and respected by everybody. 
My dearest sister, ever, &c. 

' Thin mnst liave beun tUe Duke iif MonUgiiP. 

' E^liubetli, ctduat (jaii^iiter of Lord Aichibnlil Uaniilttm, married in Hay, 
1742, Francis Grcville, 1st Earl Ilrooke and Karl of Warwick. The Ear! 
dfed July 6, 1773, Jnne, ai-coni] dau^ler of I*M Archibald Hamiiton, 
married July 24, 1753, Uharles, 'Jdi Lonl Catlicnrt, 

3 IiotA MoWn Sultou Manners, born in 172 ', was (he second son of J<Jin, 
3rd Duke of Rutland and of Brid<;et, only child and heir of Robert Sutton 
Xiord Leidngton. He tisumed the name of tSutton on SDCCeeding to the 
Lexington estate, and died unmarried in 17B2. On bia death. Lord George 
Manners, his next brother, inherited that estate and look the name of Sutton. 

• Rir Wiiliaui Irby, l>om March 8, 1707, crenlcd Barim Vosloa April 16, 
1761. This iioblcraan filled scwt' hiyh oflicos alout the court durinj; the 
reigna of George 1- and Gcor|;e IL Ho married Albinia, (daughter of Henry 
Selwyn, Esq.) who was one of the Maids of Honour to the Princess of Wales. 

* Henry, 7th l^ofl I'aset, created Earl of Usbridge, Oct. 1714, died in 1743, 
and wua auccvctlud l>y hU granilsoii, llic 2nd lilurl. 


The following letter alludes to an accident wKich must have 
occurred between 4 th and 9th of January. 

Mm, Delany to Mr$, Dewc$, cU Calwich, near Ashbourne, Derhyghire, 

Buliitrode, 9 Jan. 1748. 

I hope my dear friends at Calwich will make them- 
selves quite easy on my accoimt, for I am as well as 
it is possible for me to be under my present oirfeum- 
stances ; indeed much better than I imagined anybody 
could be after my accident, as you maj conclude fhun 
my being allowed to write this letter, which I do with 
perfect ease to myself. Saturday I got up to dinner 
and eat boiled chicken very heartily, and yesterday 
eat roasted chicken ; and this morning hav« tote an 
hour in the dressing-room, whilst the bedchamber was 
airing, and to-morrow shall sit all day in my dreffidng- 
room, and next day go up to the Duchesses apartment ; and 
on Friday (please God) propose to go to town. It i^, I 
believe, unnecessary for me to enlarge on the kindness 
and care I have met with from our amiable friei^ the 
Duchess and Donnellan ; much less reascm have I to'tay 
anything of D. D.'s tenderness to me. I am sure you Imve 
a confidence in my nurses, and hope to find by ybur 
letters that you have not aggravated your ooneem Ant me 
by any unnecessary fears. My being able to iirrite so 
well to-day has robbed you of a letter from D.D.; but 
next post he will write for me. Direct your next letters 
to Clarges Street. I received your last dear letter, and 
hope you will soon recover the perfect strength of your 
foot. Donnellan hopes to hear from you soon. Adieu, my 
most dear sister. 

Of MRS. UKLAXY. 2i7 

In Dr. Delany'w handwriting, 
I do hereby certify that the above acconnt is the truth, 
tlie whole truth, and nothing but the truth. 

Pat. Delant. 

Ih: M'inii to M'K Dewct. 

BuUrode, Jan lUb. 1743-4. 

I am Bet down, my dear sister, with the worst pen and 

- ink in the world, but tlie best good will to write to you, 

nAnd to inform you that tfte Pearl is, I thank God, as fair 

(land much inare precious thim ever. She has actually 

I'ifarbidden me to say one word oi' vapours or hysteric 

vibeadachs ; but I am tied to truth, and therefore must 

njown to you that she lias had, both yesterday and to-day, 

iyOoraplaints of that kind, but without the least symptom of 

. -ianythin» that deserves more attention than the inevitable 

; concern wliicli must arise in the hearts of those that are 

deeply engaged. She is at this moment in high mirth 

with the Duchess ; she eat her dinner with a good 

relish, has just drunk a cup of caudle, and I think 

she is well disposed for lier supper, and gives hopes of a 

good night. She is mightily bent on going to town on 

Friday or Saturday next, and I am at least satisfied she 

may do so with safety, however, I have this day sent to 

Dr. Bamber to have the sanction of liis opinion whether 

it may be done with perfect safety. 

You who know me, and the treasure under my care 
will not be in any way surprised at my solicitude ; in- 
deed my whole soul is, and has some time been, divided 
between prayers and thanksgivings to Almighty God — 
thanksgivings for the blessing of such a wife bestowed 


upon me, and earnest prayers for the continuance of it ; 
God in his goodness continue this blessing to you and 
everybody ! with as little alloy as mortality will bear, as 
Img as I live, and as long as you unsh, and as much longer 
as heaven has happiness in store for her.^ I am got into 
a spirit of prayings and cajinot indulge it more agreeably 
than in lifting up my heart to heaven for its choieeat 
blessings on you all. Adieu. 

In Mr$. Delanj^9 kandufrking, 

I have promised only to say that I am as weD as can 
possibly be expected ; my head is much better, and my 
heart most truly yours. 

In Mt9. DormeUttn^i handwriting. 

The good Doctor and our "dear Pearl " have given me 
leave to join my good wishes to all my agreeal>le friends 
at Calwich^ and to assure them that I think her as w^U 
as could possibly be expected, which I know is the mofiCt 
pleasing news I can tell them. I must gratify myself^ 
since I have this opportunity, in wishing dear Mrs. Dewea 
a happy year, and to Mr. Dewes, Mrs. Granville^ and my 
much esteemed friend Mr. Granville, and the little ones ; 
and in assuring dear Mrs. Dewes that I am her most^ . .. 

Affectionate friend and servant, 

■. '■*'■". • 

H. DovNio^^if* 

> The prayer here uttered wa« completely fulfilled ; Mr*. Delany's life was 
prolonged far beyond that of her husband and sister, and to the tirnAitlkft 'of 
bar eaiatcnos much bappineia iias graaled. 


; it 10 -^l'' 

hattmt JMoni/ la JUrt. Jtemra, at CidieilA, nmr Anhhom-at, Dtth^iAfrt. 
W* pli^'l ' BuUtrA^e. n Jan. 1743-4, 

"T^fcopftthe constant and true account yoii have liad of mo 
frbiA heoce, lias made you and the rest of my dear friends 
easy on my account, and much more Ciire and caution has 
been need than I have thought necCHsary. I did not 
want any proof of D.D.'s affection and tenderness, but I 
am confirmed in the opinion of his having as much for 
me as ray best friends can wish him to have ; and this I 
believe ^ou are so well convinced of, that it was not neces- 
sary for me to be particular in it, but injustice to Mm and 
my own gratitude, I must ind\dgc myself in repeating it. 
He wrote you word last post that I liad an hysteric 
headache ; it lasted but two days, and is now perfectly 
well, and I have no manner of complaint. 

Yesterday I dined above staii-s (you know my apart- 
ment is below), and returned t-o my room at supper-time ; 
going abroad agreed very well with me, and I had 
a very good night's rest, and would fain have gone to 
town to day, but D.IX would not consent witliont Dr. 
Bamber's leave, and old fusty physicians you know are 
full of ceremony, and he says though I might travel this 
week, it is most advisable for me to stay till the middle 
of next ; so the day is now fixed for Thursday. Donnel- 
lan is gone to town to-day ; she had an account that Mrs. 
Percival had not been very well, and the Duchess could 
not prevail with her to stay any longer, and I could not 
oppose her doing what waa eo right, though I hope Mrs. 
Percival's illness is nothing dangerous. I was extremely 
entertained with your letter, my dearest sister, which I 
believe drove aw;iy my headache yesterday morning : 



every testimony of your love and friendship is better 
to me than gold-powder oi sal volatile. I wonder my 
spirits should ever want a cordial^ whilst you so kindly 
and constantly supply me with your letters^ but your 
foot is still vexatious to you and to me. I believe 
I have of late been the subject of great conversation round 
the fire*side of Calwich ; and when I know that my dear 
mama, brother, and sister axe satisfied about me^ I dbaU be 
quite happy, then I mHy say with a good conscience, that 
I am perfectly well. Our amiable Duchess is but indif- 
ferent, she ia very busy preparing for her remove^ her 
*' kind service to Pip" and compliments to Calwich. W^all 
had the ffood luck to guess Mr. Dewes' riddle ; my very 
good vdshes and service attend him and you all, with the 
addition of duty and love ; D.D. joins with me. Don't 
expect to hear next post, for now I shall fall into my 
usual train of every other post. I am my dearest sis 

Affectionate and fiuthful 

M. D. 
Mrs. Elstob sends her respects. 

Mr$. Dtlany to Mr& Dewtt, 

BoUtrod^ 18 Z$m. i749*i. 

Though T hope my dearest sister is quite satisfied about 
me, I believe you will want to know how I pei^ntii tny 
small journey to town ; so I prepared this lettet for' that 
purpose, that I may to-morrow add that part : aiid liow 
have not much to tell you but that I am very well and 
have not the least headache, and walked in the m^ at 

OF Mits. i>:;last. ' SSI 

twelve o'clock to-day, and got a very good appetite to 
my dinner. I wrote my mother word tliat D. I>. and 1 
were left in possession of this place ; wo live in this 
Duke's apartment, who has left nnlers that we slionld be 
supplied with everything we want, which we are indeed 
most plentifully. Uetty Woodall (my niaid) is house- 
keeper, and behaves herself very well, and I believe will 
prove a discreet useful servant, and I am really sorry to 
leave our agreeable retirement. The days have not been 
t«dions ; we read to one another by turns, have turned 
over ail the picture-books we could find, talk abundantly, 
and play sometimes at backgammon. D.D. aays he 
never played before, but he is so quiek at it that if I did 
not know him to be a man of strict veracity I slmuld not 
believe him. 

Our retirement has produced a journal addressed to 
the Duchess of Portland ; she was under great concern 
about leaving us here so ill accommodated, bb she was 
"pleased to say, and that she waa " sure we should live like 
hogs," which provoked us to giving her aa exact account 
of our spending our time. You shall have a copy of it 
when I have time to write it out; but upon my first 
going to London I shall have abundance of affairs on 
my hands. You must not expect to hear from me nest 
post. I think myself obliged to justify Lady G. to you 
about the affair of the deanery, she only acted as she was 
desired ; it is a more advantageous thing than many of the 
bishoprics, and would have been much niore agreeable and 
convenient to us than the bishopric of Kaphoe, for the 
income is as good, and we should have been more at 
liberty, and another advantage — we should have been 
free from ceremony. However, it will not be ours, for 


Haphoe is given to an Englishman, Dr. Barnard, Dean 
of Eochester ; * and Mr. Fletcher keeps his deanery. 
The Duches«s &c., got very well to town ; I had a letter 
from her yesterday. So now good night; I will add a 
postscript to-morrow, as soon as I get to Clarges Street. 
Duty, love, and service from D.D. (who is now writing 
t-o Mrs. Viney) to all at Calwich. 
I am» my dearest sister s 

Most &itlifuL and most affoctionate 

M. D. 

I am sorry our poor friend Mrs. D. has not been 
remembered in her brother's will ; I had a letter from her 
this morning. This moment I have received your letter^ 
and must add my best thanks for it, and for all the kmd 
care and concern of my friends at Calwich. 


Thursday, hAlf-an-hour aHer two. 

We are, thank God, safely arrived, and I am very, veil, 
and find my oicn little castle very neat and comfortable. 
Mrs. Foley was brought to bed yesterday ; she went to 
church in the mornings and the whole affair was over at 
eight at night, and before she could get Dr. SandjB. 
She has got a fine girl. Donnellan and Clarke are come 
to dine with us. Adieu ! D. D. is much obliged to jpu 
for your letter, which has just made us happy. So once 
more farewell ! 

' Dr. William Barnard, Dean of Bochcater, crt'ated Bishop of Hariio^ fa 
1744 ; translated to Bishopric of Derrv in 1747, which see he oecujilcd tfll 


uJj'jj : " .; i ifAut^tntS, M-^la^Vt4i^ \ 

flBfoinEAREST SiSTKK, "'■■ ' ' ' I"''' ' ' ■'' •■'■"' 

' ., .'Pray tell my brother, good wits jump. Wliathe 
hag kindly hinted in your letter Aa* beiti at m;f heart 
and was proposed to mo by D.D., but there are some 
obstacles in the way which if I can remove I will in- 
dulge myself in paying: a visit to dear Calwicli. I have 
l)Qsiiiess in town that obliges me to be liere the latter 
end of March, but if I can contrive to spend six weeks 
with yon I will come : the journey is too tedious and 
the roads too bad to remove for a less time, but tiiat 
depends on D.D.'s going to Ireland. He waits for an 
account of the yacht's being at Chester ; as soon aa he 
has notice of its being there ho will determine his 
journey, and hopes he Jihall not be an unwelcome guest 
at Calwich if he drops me there in liis way to Chester. 

If this scheme goes on I shall not move anything in my 
house till I return ; at that time I shall be glad of a 
hurry, and perhaps you can come and help me, and I 
may, when all that is settled, and D.D. returns, be at 
Kberty to take another tour among my friends. I have 
not yet ventured to Northend ; the weather has been cold, 
and I am rery carefull. How Sir J. Stanley will take this 
flight I don't know, but I frar not very well, he com- 
plains very much, and is by all accounts much in the 
same way he was in hist year. D.D. made him a visit 
last Saturday ; I am very glad my brother has prevailed 
with you to send your case to Dr. Uamber ; I will get him 
consulted as soon as possible, but shall not be able to 
send his answer this post. I believe you should keep 


your foot warm and be extremely careful not to turn or 
braise it. 

I was yesterday morning at Mr. Handel's to hear the 
rehearsal of Semele.^ It is a delightful pieoe of mosie, 
quite new and different from anything he 1ms done : but 
I am afraid I shall hear no more music this year, and 
that will be a loss to me, — but the harmony of friendskq> 
must make up that loss. As we hare a prospect' of 
meeting soon I defer a particular account of it tiU we 
meet. Francescina^ is improved, and sings the principal 
part in it. 

I desire you will recollect all the want that I can 
supply you with before I leave London, and send me a 
list of commissions. I fancy we shall hardly leBve 
London before Ash Wednesday. D.D. is engaged to 
preach on that day for the Bishop of Oxford at St. James's 
Chapel ; but if he has an account of the yacht's being 
sooner than that at Chester he must go : in a week's 
time we may be at a certainty. My heart bounced for 
joy at the news of your good house,^ pray God give you 
health and every blessing to enjoy it ! I shall have a 
great deal of lumber that will do for your ganete Qt 
nurseries, so don't be hasty in furnishing till I talk to 
you about it. 

Semele was given at Coven t Garden during the Lent of 1744. The 
(hwroil Adveriiter of the 10th Febnury, 1744, adds, io anuovnciiig it, 
' After the manner of an oratorio." It was again performed in the Deomahcr 
of the same year. 

* Madame Duparc, commonly called La Francesina, arrived ia Engtand 
at tne end of 1786. On the 18th of November, 1786, she it named «■ oae cf 
a company who nang before her Majesty at Kensington, and met with a ffmaom 
reception. ** After which, the Francescina performed several danee$ to tha 
entire satisfaction of the Court.'* 

* Welsborn, (ct Wellesboume,) near Stratford-on-Avon, Warwiokihiie. 


Our cousin Foley is very well, I drauk tea with Ijer 
yesterday the sixth day, aud sht? was so pert and well 
that every moment I was forced to sileuoe lier. Slie liati 
got a very pretty little girl, and the ix>y is well now. 1 
Iiave had a noraber of visitors — a load upon my spirits, 
for I muBt dispatch them all before I leave Loiidou, or I 
shall be abused for incivility. I have nut yet been with 
Lady Granville, but the yomig ones liave all been here 
and the C'ountesa heraolf. Donnellan is confined with a 
bad cold. The Sutton house very well, I was there last 
night. Miss Charlotte Pulteney, who had lost her yoioe 
for seven months, of a sudden lias reeovercd it. Hair- 
cotter, hosier, visitors, and twenty Qdtlle faddles have in- 
terrupted me. Yours for ever. 

D.D. and I join in duty, love, and service. I hope 
I^A^ see Mr. Dewes as soon as he comes to town. 

From the commencement of tliis letter, it appears that Mrs. 
DewM had commiinicaIi.>d a proposal of Mr. Granville's, that Mrs. 
Delflny should visit him while Dr. Delany went to Iieland ; and 
the joy with which it was liailed clearly proved that ahe had not 
expected it : whibt the reply expreseing Dr. Delany's hope, that 
he ehuuld not be an unwelcome guest If he dropped her at Calwich 
cm hia way to Ireland, proved that he had not been mentioned. 
The affection as well as the duty, practically evinced by Mary 
Granville from her earliest years to her relations, was as uncommon 
for any age as it was exemplary, and at this period of her histoiy, 
her brother's society was of less importance to her than it had ever 
been, and for the first time in their lives she had had a serious 
difference with him — yet with genuine good feeling she accepted 
the first advances he made, tbouf^li with delicate tact she intimated, 
that if she came Dr. Delany would be with hei on his ruad to 


Mrs, Dekmy to Mn, Dewes^ 

Clirges Strein^ 28Qk Jan. 17434. 

I must begin with telling you Mrs. Fortescde's * let^r 
was sent to her in the country ; when I see Lady West^' 
morelaud, (which oh shame for me I have not yet done !) 
I will ask if she knows anything of it, and I ask yoiir 
pardon for not mentioning this to you before. T catmot 
confirm what I said to you in my last, for as D.D. has 
not yet had any account of the yatch, and that we rtm- 
pose it waits for the Duke of Devonshire, it is very Kk^ty 
he will not be able to have it, and he has promis^ tne 
not to venture in any other ship. If hisjaiimey is post- 
poned, viine must be so too, and the weather and roads 
are desperately bad at present ; but still I can say nothitig 
till we hear from Ireland, and I now almost wish I haS 
not mentioned coming so soon to Calwich for fear I shbuld 
not be able to accomplish it. Dr. Bamber was with ine 
yesterday, I sent for him to ask him about your lailie- 
ness, (for I am, thank God, very well) ,- he says it will be 
of no bad consequence, and if you had immediatdy a^lii^ 
vinegar, and kept your bed one week, it would have'siv^ 
you a great deal of trouble ; that the swelling is nothing 
but the effect of weakness, and is very common after sucli 
an accident : he advises one ounce of Castille soap dis- 
solved in half a pint of campliorated spirits of wine, nib 
your ancle very well with it in the morning, and roll it 
with a gentle bandage, not too tight ; and you must not 
walk nor keep your leg down so long as the sW^Buig 
continues. He recommends rest more than any appHcn- 
tion, and lying abed long in the morning— a prescription 

OV Mlia DEL^NY. 257 

tcell suited to thiii wmther, and easily followed. Pr. Baniber 
desires his compliments to my brother aud you. 

i^ce I came to town 1 bavc not made one visit 
but to friends that are confined — Mr. Montague witli the 
goat, Mrs. Foley lying in, Doanellan with a cold. To- 
day we are to dine at Mr. Sontliweira, and as I must dresa 
I shall make a few visits in the afternoon, for I have a 
dreadful long list upon my hands. I am sure C;ilwich 
is.the most comfortable of all places for you at tliis time. 
I have not been able yet to go to Northeud ; poor 
Sir John complains sadly of tliis weathiyr. I sent there, 
yesterday. 1 have not dared to venture into the City. 
tax it hus snowed with us three days without inter- 
mission, and I can liardly hold my pen. Mrs, Foley is 
very well. 

X thought to have wrote you a long comfortable letter, 
butlfind that's impossible, so take it lu(jykdy pitjtfledy SA 
I can. scrawl it. 

Your comet. Wliat is t/ow comat/ Ours appears 
considerably larger than a star of the first magnitude, 
with a train 3t)0 miles long, and myriads of stars for its 
pages ! I have heard of no astronomical remarks on it, 
only tltat it is "going to fetch Jh-n at the sun," and will 
return to us again niuch more glorious tlian it is at 
present. Pray do not let my paltry chair interfere withi 
your more important bed, which I hope you will finish 
as fast as you can ; your hangings must be brown and 
white flowers, and ought to be the same pattern as your 
bed ; if you can let me have the pattern I will eonsidt 
the artist liere about it. 

The bed here alluded to ia probably one which the Editor re- 
members to have seen at Wellesbourne aa a cliild : it was the 
VOL. It. S 


joint work of Mrs. Delanj and Mrs. Dewes; the ground waa 
nankeen, worked all over with most beautiful pattema designed 
separately by Mrs. Delany for each pait The patterns were leaves 
united by bows of ribbon, cut out in white linen and sewed down with 
different varieties of knotting in white thread — ^which gave relief, 
and light, and shade. " The artist here^'* was probably herutf. 

Mrs, Bdany to Mrs, Dewes. 

Clarges Street, 7 Feb. 1743-4. 

My dearest Sister, 

I wish my letter had had warmth enough to haVe 
strengthened and thawed your fingers, then I might have 
had a longer letter than your last ; but I have nd re6a6fti 
to complain since I am so happy as to warm your heart ': 
I leave the sun to do the rest, and hope soon he will he 
powerful enough to drive away the chilling frost. Mimy 
things concur now to keep us in town. D.D,' has 
settled his affairs in Ireland for the present, and will 
escape the dismal journey he had once thought" of 
taking. The Archbishop of Cashel* is dead, and 'it 
would not be prudent in him to leave this part cf'tlife 
world just as the Duke of Devonshire is coming;' ii6^ 
there is a fair opportunity for friends ta act. *' 

The long-wished-for sermons are in the press. TweTre 
are corrected ; there are five more to look or6t : I 'ht^ 
lieve they will be out in a month. D.Di prekfied' a 
sermon that I think would have pleased you la^' Siiifviay 
at May Fair Chapel, on Friendship and the Love (^Wte^t 
Country. To-morrow he preaefaes for the Biglldp of 
Oxford at St. James's Church. You desired me an age 

* Tlieopliilus Bolton, Chancellor of SL Patrick's, and Vipar Oenend of U»6 
diocese of Dublin, was made Bisliop of Clonfert, in 1722, tranalated to KUibiii^ 
in 1724, and to the Archbishopric of Cashel, in 1730 ; and di^ in 1744. 

OP MltS. DKLASy. 2W 

agt) to send you a pattern for crockets, (?) and I have been 
so negligent aa not to do it, but will bring it when I am 
So happy as to come to you. I have not yet got silks, 
or worsteds, or answer from Mrs. Shuttleworth ; the 
weather has been so culd I have not dared to go into 
the City. 

As to pa.sting paper, I u»e flour boiled in water as 
smooth as it can be boiled, and paste both the papers 
very evenly that are to be pasted together. My cold 1b 
gone now, but my careful guardian would not suffiir me 
to make any visits as long as the frost and cold weather 
iast^, so that my debts double and treble upon me. 
"Where is Mr. Dewes? I have been in hopes of seeing 
him every day last week. I hope he is well aud tliafc I 
shall see him soon. I saw Mrs. Carey yesterday in deep 
inooming for Mrs. Fairfax; she enquired much after 
you, but more after my brother. Lady Westmoreland, 
I*ady Cobham,' Miss Granville, Mrs. Claverin, Mr. Bate- 
man, made up the number of my visitants. To-day the 
Misses Granville dine here, and Mr. Grattan, an Irish 

We have been alarmed about the Brest fleet, nor are 
we yet satisfied what their designs are ; it is thought by 
most people that they are going to the West Indies, but 
reported that their design is to join Admiral Torres to 
guard their galleons home. Lord Cholmondely is to 
succeed the Duke of Devonshire.* I have seen the old 
Countess but once since I came to town. If the wca- 

' Anne, dn^V-''''*!" of Edmund Halsej', EUq., married Sir Richard 'I'emplei 
crealfid in 1718 Viscoimt and B;iron Cobham. 

* Thti Earl of Chesterfield succeeded tiie Duke of Devonshiiu as Lord Lieu- 
tcDant of Irulaiitt, in 1T43. 

s i 


ther grows warmer I propose going to Court next Friday. 
Lady Egmont is better ;* she has been in a great deal of 

Drapers, hatters, tailors, and a long visit from Don- 
nellan have cut my time so short this morning, that I fear 
I shall hardly have time to fill this sheet of paper ; but 
I'll go and dress to be ready for my company, and give 
you all the time that remains. Now I am come again, 
but can add but little more. Semele is to be performed 
next Friday ; D.D. subscribes for me, and I hope not to 
miss one of the charming oratorios, except when I give 
up my ticket to him 

I think poor Mrs. Percival in a very declining way ; 
she looks ill and complains often, but can play at cards 
and visit ; Donnellan has got abroad again. Last Satur- 
day I went to Northend, and think Sir J. Stanley much 
the same as when I saw him last ; he asked me when th^re 
was hopes of his seeing my brother, which was a question 
I could not answer ; he spoke of liim with great tenderness 
to D.D. 

The Duchess of Portland has got Sigismunda from 
him (Sir J. Stanley). He said it was so shocking ^jhc- 
ture he could not bear it in his sight, and I carried it 
from him to the Duchess, who received it with gpreat 
joy. She has new painted her dressing-room, hung it 
with green, and turned out the lumbering chest of drawers. 
It is quite spruce and well, and so is she, and in much 
better spirits than when she left Bulstrode. My oqm- 
pany are at my door. Adieu. 

> Catlierine, eldest daughter of Sir Philip Parker A'Morley, Btrt., married, 
in 1710, Sir John Percival, who in April, 1715, was created Baron Percival, 
and iu NovemU'r, 1733, Earl of Egmont. 

T ■■ hOF Mlt8. DKLANY. 261 

The Sigismimda alluiled to is in tho pcsjesai^n of the Editor; it 
is punted by Mrs. Deiimy, and is one of tlic &aest crayon pictures 
ever »jcn. Sir Joshua Reynolds was so aeUmishL-d at its force, tbat 
he ^d his eyes would not allow him to believe it waa crayon j 
on which Mrs. Detany had the glass taken off, that ho might 
examine it cloeely. It still rotaine in fine colourinj; as woU as its 
mcquisitc Bnishing. It is believed to have been copied from tljo 
Sigiainunda in the collection of Sir Luke Schaube, mentioned ly 
Horace Walpolo as at Clumber, and m being attributed to Correggio. 
though in reality painted by Furini. Sigismunda is bending over 

,j^>'f;jf^jfQ,)vhich,li;Cfi the heart of (Juiscard. 

a«3 I MBtfw tfjirjxj. 

Mrt. Delany to ilrt. Daoet. 
» y."' Feb. lith, i1i3-i. 

In return for my dearest sister's last charming letter 
"Tcan only send her my hasty thanks, for I am bat just 
returned from Norths nd, and the clock has struck two. 
'Our disappointment in not meeting, I believe, wsjs equal; 
but on many accounts it is very well D.D. did not go 
as he proposed : li;id he been iit sea the time we had the 
alarm about the French fleet I should have been sadly 
terrified, and now it is necessary for him to wait the Buke 
of Devonshire's arrival, as he cannot, I think, fail of the 
promotion which he has so long had a title to. 

Last Tliursday we dined in A. Street' by invitation, 
and were most courteously received, and a poskive 
assurance given of their interest on this occasion ; his 
sincerity will soon be put to the test, and only waits the 
Duke of Devonshire's coming over, wliich is deferred for 
some time on account of the Brest fleet, but I suppose he 
will be over some time in March. My cold is now 

' ,\rliii-1i.L. Sliikt, (LorJ Cartertf s.) 



perfectly well. I was yesterday to hear Semele ; it. is 
a deliglitful piece of music. Mrs. Donnellan desires her 
particular compliments to all but to my brother ; she bids 
me say "she loses half her pleasure in Mr. Handel's 
music by his not being here to talk over the particolar 
passages." There is a four-part song that is delightfully 
pretty ; Francesina is extremely improved, her notes 
are more distinct, and there is something in her run- 
ning-divisions that is quite surprizing. She was much 
applauded, and the house full, though not crowded ; I 
believe I wrote my brother word that Mr. Handel and the 
Prince had quarrelled, which I am sorry for. Handel says 
the Prince is quite out of his good graces ! there was no 
disturbance at the play-house, and the Goths were not so 
very absurd as to declare, in a public manner, their dis- 
approbation of such a composer. Mr. Dewes I understand 
will be in town to-night, and I hope he wiU dine with 
us to-morrow ; I shall then talk abundantly of Calwich 
and Welsborne ; I think Lord North's is about eight miles 
from thence. 

The Duchess of Portland has had a cold and kept 
home ; I am to go to her this afternoon, but cannot stay 
long, for D.D. has got a very bad cold, and I shall not 
care to leave him long, but he will make me go as I had 
promised. If my visiting you at Welsborne, and being 
busy in settling you there, will add to your eagerness and 
pleasure of taking possession, I see no reason why you 
should not indulge that thought. I am sure I think of 
seeing you there with vast satisfaction, and hope to 
spend many happy hours there with you, but shall 
expect my visits to be returfied, 

Alas ! the poor grotto ! I grieve for its dovmfal, bat re- 

^ ,-., OF MBS. DKijixy. 263 

joicefiiatnotlimgwas buried in its ruins but tlio Windsor 
chairs. Tha particulars of Miss Lewaon? Suroly I sentyou 

.a lon^ story about her : as how she Jell ill, and iu the midst 
of iier pains told tite Duchess of Bedford (who they say was 
ignorant of her condition till that moment), that she ha<l 
been married a year to Lord John Sackville-' A wretched 
couple I fear tliey will prove ; he is ill-natured and a 
man of no principle, and she has shewn the world that 
she ha* little prudence. I was agreeably surprized with 

. Mr. Dewes dining with us to-day, he is very well. The 
post will wait no longer ; my humble duty to my mother 

, iuul| lovt^ lo my brother; best compliments from D.D. 

un Mw -i'.lH - • ., I ^"^ t^^'^r yours. 

01 ton •n-y/r -■.■ t.< ■■!. 

■sib ti-'iti - .i]f , ■ Ka-I^tl^'-ylo 3irt.lkwa. 

, ' 16 Feb. 1743-4. 

flOSiiJ'.'h'] !-.■.''■ 

^^;^ponri »cola, my dear sister, that I begin on small 
pap'r, but I fear it is all T shall he able to fill this post. 
I am very sorry for poor Mrs, Hudleston, and wish we 
may be able to get the oharity money for her. D.D. is 
not so well acquainted with the people who must grant 
that petition as to be able to serve her, and the only 
friend I could apply to has done so much in that way for 
the Griffiths family (which is Dr. Middleton), that I 
don't know l;ow to apply to him for more. The first 
leisure day I have, I will call on Mrs. Underwood, but 
now my hands and head grow full of business, and I 
have so much to settle that I am afraid of forgetting what 
I undortalie to do for other people. 

I have bought your worsted and silk for my brother's 

' r.oM John Philip S-ickvillt. srrorKiwm of llieUt Duke nf Tor^ft, married 
I-uly KriilnXB lAV.aiii U.,"tr, luurlli Jauf;iiH.-i ul Juliii, Ut liarl i ■owor. 


diair th^^t you are to ^oi4c > prby let me know^ how and 
when I must send it. I could not meet, with any work*^ 
women that would do it under two guiheaB' and a half. 
The materials for working come to eighteen shillings; 
I have matched the colours to the work that is dolie; 
you must fancy them as you think proper. I heg you 
uot to be under any concern for my sky. I would have 
it ckar oi clouds, the pink silk must join the hiU, and- the 
blue silk next,— about one tlurd silk the other the Who 
worsted* Mr. Parker dined here yesterday. Th^ Duke>of 
Devonshire is expected soon; when he comeSjthQ £»iahoprie 
will be settled ; in Ireland (by report) D,D. is named folf 
Dromore. We cannot guess at our time of going, ^ks it 
depends on this affair, but he will at least finish the year 
in England that he took his licence out for. You may 
imagine how much I talk'd of Calwich and Welsboume 
with Mr. Dewes : he is delighted with Calwich, and says 
he had no notion my brother could have improved it so 
much in so short a time, but with the genius for im- 
provements that he has, and such industry to execute Ids 
scheme, and so much time as he has allowed himself («bu^!) 
in the country, what may he not do ? Though t often 
tliink wiUi pleasure of the happy society at Calwich,! 
cannot help wishing another y«ar than this had been 
chosen for it. The loss of my brother's company ^s 
winter has been an irreparable loss to me ; I can*t'help 
flattering myself with the hopes of his eloping from you. 
Forgive me, but I am not used to disguise my hopes and 
fears from you. 

The head-board, tester, and all the inside of the bed 
must be worked ; my noddle has thought of a pattern, btit 
till we meet I cannot fix on anything. Did I not tell you. 


(yf MRS. DKLAXy. 

r sifftor, that I Im/I liiiil hy Stnnrntv ' for your new 
•it is a picture you uw<l to Ukp. As soon as I am 
sttttlcd in Delviiifl J shall take to oil-pftintln^, and if I 
can porform tolfralily, will si-iid you a copy of my father 
awl mother's picture. 

J ■^. L Peliy. 1«, 1744. 

"P.S--^Yest4T(liiy the King sent a message* to the two 
bmiscs to lot them know the Pretender's son Wiis in Prance, 
and th»t they hm\ undouhtod intelligence tho Pri^nch 
dewgnim invasion with tlio Brest fleet, and it is suspected a 
gTCfttTtKinydisaJTected people here are ready to join thom. 
Whit all thin will come to God knows, bat 1 pray for 


yj;m u j .... 

ajni»odaloV/ t-iu. S?r^'^'^"ytoMr,.J)r,^.. 

PTin. hnn .((■•f'-^i.'"' ■! '■ ■ "»'«™ ^'"-^^ -' *'"^- '"■'^' 

,X think, my dearest sister, if we are not happy it must 
b^ pur ovm faults; we have botli chosen worthy, sensible 
Ixieoids, and if we act reasonably by them and ourselves, 
we may hope for as much happiness as this mortal state 
will afford : /^^77^s we must all find, but if Providence 
allows us rases to our tho-rns we ought to be thankful, 
and make the best of their sweets. You'll say I am in a 
very moralizing way j and for fear of dulness I will quit 
my own thoughts and talk of people and tilings aa they 

■ SiimnwT,— This l-eautiful picture in crftymiB, jiainlei] lij- Mrs, Dekny, 
from Koaallm, is in tlie Milot's i<jsaession. Thu original i>icture Ih uuw (1809) 
iu tlic I^.mro. 

• " Ilia M-ij-nlifi Miiait'j'i " to llie two Houses of Parliament, communicating 
llw iutfllimuoi; Liiat " till! oldest boh of tlio Pretender to hia crown had w- 
rive.1 ill Kniiic, :iri.l lli:il iireniratiuiis arc tiiakiu^ tlicrt: to iiiM\iie Hiislcilij;- 
dom," was J.-'livircd mi tlie Ifith Kebrnnry, 1744. 



go. Your letter though small in size was great in value, as 
the least mark of your love and goodness towards me will 
ever be, and I live in hopes that next post will bring me a 
folio, or an equivalent to one. The warm gentle weather we 
now have must be an advantiige to my brother's works, 
and make CalwicK bloom ; my love and tender wishes 
attend him and all his designs, and my most affectionate 
duty my dear mama ; D.D. is most warmly devoted to 
all, and wishes nothing more than to convince my friends 
of his sincere and respectful regard to them. He has 
had a bad cold (colds I may say), for he no sooner lost 
one than he got another, but thank God he is well 
again. He prcach'd last Sunday at Chelsea ; we dined 
at Pr. Elsmore's,^ and made a visit to the Coles in Uie 
afternoon, who enquired much after you. Captain Cole 
is much concerned that his friend has not performed his 
promise yet to my brother's exciseman, but will not &il of 
putting him in mind. I have a sad tale to tell, but Dick 
is lost, he has been cried and advertized to no purpoise ; 
he walked off above a fortnight ago, and Betty is in a 
terrible taking about him, but she apprehends hfi^went 
off mad, for sixteen dogs in the neighbourhood wcfre bit 
and hanged #iihe time she missed him. The^j^gt of the 
animals are ali^welL I had the pleasure of if^g Mr. 
Dewes very well last Sunday evening, when we:a0'n^t at 
Mr. Percival's. 

Semele is charming ; the more I hear it the better I 
like Kftnd as I am a subscriber I shall not fail one night. 

> Dr. Sloanc Elnnf re wan institnteil to the rectory of Choltili afler tlie Anth 
of Dr. King, in Pdmuiry, 1747, »nd <ficd in 1766. He U>A beUiid him aTolnnie 

gf sormoos to be publisliM for the benefit of the Girls* Cliarity Schoci, of 
which bonev(>U»nt institiitioii ho wa.n the nrijrinal fotinder. tV.'Elsmere wis a 
rvlaiiou of 6ir Haut bUitiic; in L752 he inarrit-d Mit^ Colet. 

OP MRS. DEl-AXy. • ■ 'W7 

Bat it being: b profane story D.T). does -not tliiuk it 
pToper for him to go ; but when Joseph or Somson is 
-pertormwl I sliall persuade hnn to go — you know hate 
miicA he delights in mnsic. They say Samson is to be 
■next Friday, for Somfle ha« a strong party ngdinst it, 
viz. the fine ladies, petit maitres, and upwramurCx. AH 
the opera people are enraged at Handel, but Ijady Cob- 
ham, Lady Westmoreland, and Lady Cheaterficld v&i& 

-iBiiiit. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■' '■"■ 

'^" Now I know you are impatient to have some aceount 

^itf bishoprics, but I can give you none. We dined yes- 

"ftflfday in ArKngton Stret-t, and Lord C. said there was 

• 'Stfme demur about the Archbishopric. Price Bishop of 

iCe&th and Buscoe Bishop of Limerick were both named, 

bnt oa there is five thousand pounds to -pay it made it 

- TGiot quit-e so desirable ; and I am apt to think that Meatli 

will be the Archbishop, Limerick Bishop of Meath, ami 

■"^imir friend Bishop of Limerick, but this cannot be settlfd 

or known tiU my Lord Lieutenant comes over, and he 

cannot come over till we have passed the storm that 

threatens us. 

ITiere was a report yestcnlay that a csiptain of a ship 
was come with the joyful news of Admiral Mathews 
having gained an entire victory over the French and 
Spaniards ; whilst we were at dinner yesterday a message 
came from Lord Oxford to Ijord Carteret to know if there 
were any troth in the report. He knew nothing of it 
then, but it is very probable, the French having stopped 
the mail at Calais, which looks as if they had news they 
were unwilling we should know ; as to the Brest fleet 
the last account was of their being certainly at Dunkirk ; 
and Sir John Norris has orders to pursue them. There 
are "Oinf. i>ip(i''h that suppose all this a ministerial plot ; 



I snspoiid my JTidgm^ent, for goch contradictions arise 
every hour that it is not possible to guess at the tmth. 
Lord 0. does make a great fuss with Daisy/ and «Dm^ of 
Ihe family are alarmed at it and treat her very dijOferently 
from what they used to do, and lam in a firight about i^, 
for she can hw-dly- refuse it, a«d yet I think it would 'not 
be a happy establishment. The son^ makes but a poor 
figure, and is not a favourite with any of the family. • I 
have not seen Sir J. Stanley since I wrote last, but I hear 
he is much as he was; he certainly has less pain and 
iooks much better. 

I have just finished a picture which I own pleases^ me 
the best of any I have done ; 'tis from Paul Veronese-— ^ 
St. Catherine, a head with one hand, as big^as the life. I 
believe my brother remembers the picture. I hove 
finished it as high as possible for me* to finish, because it 
will be a sort of study for me when I can't get befcter 
pictures to copy. I went last Saturday morning with ihe 
Duchess of Leeds to see Mrs. Waters, a very ingenious 
obliging woman, a worthy daughter of a very unwcnrthy 
mother (Lady A.), of whom we have heard many oitmI 
stories ; and as she lived so she dies, for she has settled 
all her fortune /nt>;n /u?r daugJtter yv^n my Lord Delawatr 
and his family. Yesterday as my liord Wincbekear' was 
going to Court the glass was up and his blind eyds idid 

■ >>!■> ■■■>■ % % \ ■■■■■■,■■11 I I Igliil • ' 7 f 

» TTie HonWe. Elif . GimnTP^^ the Maid of Honour. . ;, , , 

' Robert Carteret, afterwards 2nd Earl Granville. Writing after the second 
marriage of Lord Ckrteret, Hor&cc \Valpo1c ttiyiaof his family : • Hte obI^'IM 
is <^ne mad : about a fortnight ago he was at the Duke of Bedford's, and as 
much in his few senses as ever. At 5 o*clock in the morning he waked the 
Duke and Duchess all bloody, and with the Uppet of his coat held up foU vX 
cars, he had been in the stable and cropped all the horses." 

* I>.ini«*l, 7tli Karl nf WiiiclulKea, who filh^tl the oflioi-s successivelj of Comp- 
troller of the Honst'hoM, l>ord of the A^huiralty, and President of tK* Cotinci!. 
He married firiit, in 1721», 1-adj Francis FeiUiing, daughter of r>asil. Earl of 


not perceive it, so that bowing to somebody, and tUo cwu^li 
giving a great jolt at the same time, popped his licjul 
quite tlirough, and has cut his forehead violently ; it is 
well he did not lose an eye. Lady Dysjart is now in good 
spirits and is as very fine a lady as over. 

I have been for some time in an odd situation about 
an affair that I have liad in my head and at my heart* 
Our dear worthy Violet's^ circumstances are such, that if 
if it were now possible to settle her weU it would be 
doing a good action, and I have had a hmt given ine 
that Mr. G° near Windsor, has thoughts of marrying, but 
is afraid of the fine ladies, and that it was not imprac- 
ticable if a judicious friend could be met with, to have 
her character given him, that such a union might be 
compassed. I thought of the B. of Gloucester, wlio is tluJ 
most intimate friend the gentleman lias. X sent fur him 
told him frankly my thoughts, and begged liis friendship 
and assistance, both which he promised me whi^n an 
opportunity ofiered ; but he feared the gentleman wasiUid 
so)ne montn/, as the Earl had not settled the foriunci, 
though the title would come to him ; but he approved of 
my scheme, and said he would do aU he ^;ould, U)T he 
thought they were worthy of each other, and Ite htiiri$ 
as good a character as she does; this was threr^ wei^ks ago, 
and I have not heard one wonl. J think yon cannot Im: 
at a loss to know who I mean if you t^'A-jAUu^ what IVini- 
rose \iTote to me when I wa« at Gloucfwter I wotjid wA 
mention thLs to you s^x^ner, in hope-* of liaving hnrpriyjA 


you agreeably. I hope my brother will not tiimk I have 
taken a wrong step ; the Bishop of Gloucester is a man 
of so much lionour and discretion that I am sure he may 
be trusted, and no one else knows it. Well« now I have 
given you materials enough to think of and talk over for 
this post, so adieu, my dear sister. Wlien may I have 
hopes of seeing my brother ? We are now tied down 
till the Duke of Devonshire comes. 

Mrs. Waters and the Duchess of Leeds breakfast with 
me, and are to look over my sketches and drawings; 
Violet, Primrose, and Daisy dine with me ; Porthuids and 
Montagues drink tea with me ; I go to the Sehaab 
assembly, and sup in Bond Street. Will not the day be 
meritoriously occupied ? Lady Sarah Cowper is mortified 
you do not write to her. She is better, and was with me 

M/s. Dtlauy to Afrt. DewtB, 

Clarg^ Street, Fcby. 25tli, ITianl. 

I must make use of your kind indulgenoe, my dearest 
sister, this post. I shall hardly have time to say/ a 
word, for I painted till the clock struck twelve^ and then 
thought to indulge myself with ¥rriting you a long letter, 
when Sir T. Hanmer came» and he would send for me 
down, and was so unreasonable as to stay till past oQa, 
The Montagus all dine here, and in the aftemoon the 
Duchess of Portland and Donnellan come, so that this 
present moment is all the time I shall have. The chairs, 
worsteds, silks, stuff for the bed, seeds, and tincture of 
benjamin all go to the carrier on Monday, and I hope will 
arrive safe at Calwich in due time. I am glad to hear of 
the beautiful verdure of the pearl fountain, and that you 

' OF MHS. UKJ-ANY. 271 

havu lioaoured it with a vi«t ; but I duubt you are still 
lame, aad 1 hear you have ^t n coM. 

Then> is a certain iicconat ot" aii eu^'a^ement betwoen 
tius united Qttis of Fnuiua and Spain tuid Admiral 
Mathews, to our advantiige ; but the paxticulars are not 
knowu, for the French, who know the j>articular9, will 
let us know nothing thpy can conceal, and all the intel* 
ligence we can have must come through Germany, as 
war with Prance is now declared, that is, Fi-ance has in 
effect declared it by falling upon our lleet. As to the 
Brest squadron, I think we know as little about it as we 
Hid three weeks iujo ; it is generiilly thought they only 
meet to divert and alarm ua that we may keep our troops 
afc home; you'll smile at ray entering into politics, but 
now one must be dumb or tiilk of the time;). 

Well, to change from discord to harrattny I will shift 
my subject, and tell you I was last night to hear Samson.' 
Trancescina sings most of Mrs. Gibber's part and some 
of Mrs. Olive's r upon the whole it went off very well, but 
not better than last year. Joseph,* I believe, wiU be 
next Friday, but Handel is mightily out of humour 
about it, for Sullivan, who is to sing Joseph, w a block 
' with a very fine voice, and Beard has no voice at all. 
The part which Francescina is to have (of Joseph's wife) 
will not admit of much variety j but I hope it will be 
well received ; the houses liave not been crowded, but 
pretty full every night. We went to Northend last 

' Samson, on oratorio by llandi;!, was first performed at the Theatra 
R<5'iil in Cov-pdt Uar.tcn on the 18th Fehmary, 1743. It waa performed 
cij^ht timts ill t)iat jtar, anil twice in tiio year 1744. 

• Joscpli and his ISrctlinin was written in August, 1743, nod was giren at 
Covent Qanleii during the Lent of 1744. It was performed foor tintes dnriiif! 
tliat year. Rignora Ualli, a favourite pupil of Unndel, mada her di:but in 


Thur^^^y and found poor Sir John in great pain ; he 
lias coDiplaiued very much this last weeki and says he 
grows weaker^ but I think he looks pretty well. He has 
given me some very pretty slielJs for my works, but none 
fine enough for my collection ; but a friend of D.D. ia 
the West Indies has promised me great curiosities. We 
are still ignorant as to the bishoprics, the grand aflOurs of 
war and tumult prevents aU thought of anything else : 
an express came last night from Sir J. Norris, that lie 
was within an hour's sail of the Brest fleet. 

I am sorry Mrs, Duncomb comes to town, unless 
she had a good call, for she will not meet with a kind 
reception from the old Countess, but quite the contrary^ 
and as to the great man, if his heart was good towards her 
he is now really so much embarrassed he cannot now think 
of anything but the state. Sir Thomas Hanmer' is de- 
termined to prosecute Tom Hervey ; the child, theiy 
say, is dead that Tom would provide for, and he means 
to impose one by another person ; it is a most villanous 
afiair, and I heartily wish Sir T. may get the better of 
his wicked adversary. The Eev. Mr. Hervey* made a 
recantation sermon at St. George's church, acknowledf^ 
ing his errors and purposing a thorough refomiatioii. 
It was thought that the ;£4000 a-year he has got by ike 
death of Sir Thorn. Aston would have made him throw off 
the gown, but he declares he will not, and that 'tis the 

1 Sir Thomas Ilanmer married, first, in 1698, Isabella, Dachesa-Doiripr of 
Grafton ; and secondly Elizabeth, only daughter and heir to Thomas Folkes^ 
Ksq^ who eloped with the Honble. l^homas Herrcy, second son of Jolm, 1st 
Earl of Briscol. Walpole in 1741 calls Mr. Hervcfy ^ quite mad." 

* The Honble and Kevd. John Hervey, D.D. fourth son of John, Isi Earl 
of Bristol, marrietl Catherine, eldest sister and heir of Sir Thomas Aston, Bart,, 
who died I7th February, 1744. 

OP MliS. DELANV. ' '" 2tt- 

life in the world ho shall t-hoose, !md will follow. Betty 
C«rt«r is in great ^iof for lier mother. She had last port 
an acoonnt oilitr death, which wan very stidden : when slii- 
went to bed «he fomplaincd of a Httlf cold, in tht niglit- 
the person that lay with b^r heard her give a sigh, sfae'' 
asked her how she did, she <lid not answer, bnt sooti ' 
gave another eigb, upon whirli the person that lay with 
lier got up and ibnnd she was dead ! A happy ending for 
a good woman. I have put Mr. Rateman in mind of 
the hraclcL't he promiswl, which I hope to have soon. 
Pray send Mrs. Godineau's receipt for the baked' fillfet 


J Una 


^ ^ T.,,i, eiiirgw StKiit-, Mnreh 1, 1743-4. 

■fe£*aiA'i»it to purpose duin^ anything. Iwasasmuch 
determined to write my dear sister a long letter by this 
post as ever I was to do anj'thing in my life, and behold 
I am reduced in time to past ten o'clock, but will say 
the most material things I can in the time. I am very' 
much concerned for my dear godson, bnt hope before 
tliis reaches you that Itis ague will have li^ft him. Two 
infallible receipt'? I must insert before I proceed fhrthet. 

Ist. Pounded ginger, made into a paste with brandy; 
spread on sheep's leather, and a plaiater of it laid over 
the navel. 

2ndly. A spider pnt into a goose-quill, well sealed and 
secured, and hung about the child's neck as low as the pit 
of his stomach. Either of these I am assured mil ease. 
Probatiim eat. 

Letters from Marseilles by a Jew, and from Admiral 


Mathews' agent, have brought an account of our having 
gained an entire victory after three days* desperate fight, 
— such a fight and such a victory as they say has not 
been known on the seas. 
The post bell calls. Adieu. 

M. D. &P. D. 

Although the prescription of the spider in the quUl will probably 
only brente amusement from its apparent absurdity considered 
merely as an t>&2 charms yet there is no doubt of the medicdnftl 
virtue of spiders and their webs, which have been long known to 
the Celtic inhabitants of Great Britain and Ireland. Some interoting 
anecdotes and facts relative to this subject may be found in 242nd 
number of Notes and Queries, where particulars are given of the 
efBcacy of spider's webs rolled up like a pill, and swallowed when 
the ague fit is coming on. Dr. Graham^ prescribed spider's webs 
for ague and intermittent fever, and also named powder made of 
spiders given for the ague, and mentions his knowledge of a spider 
having been sewn up in a rag and worn as a periapt round tike neck 
to charm away the ague. This no doubt arose from the pnolicil 
knowledge of the efficacy of the internal administratioa and ign^ 
zance of ^ts medical properties, which resulted in the belief that 
the iMcct (spider) would work a charm if hung round the nepk 
bodily. The black spider (Theridion) of Cura^ is used for sea- 
sickness ; spiders or cobwebs given on brown sugar are sdll given 
in some agueish localities in England, and the great black bam 
spider is the sort used for medicine in Britain. 

Dr. Donaldson in a letter in " the Indian Lancet,** leeoomends 
the web of the common spider as an un&iling remedy in oetlui 
fevers, which was used a century ago by the poor people in the 
fens of Lincolnshire, and by Sir James MKjregor in tba West 

The Aranea Diameda, the largest English spider, found in bireh 
trees, is a remedy well known in Homeopathic medical practice. 

* " Domestic Medidne.* 

iOU iiiiil - '. ClatgBS Slruct, G Marcb, 1743-^. 

Ku imposfiibk' for m;' mtt to be uiu^usy, wUcn 1 know 
my dear Httlu godson is ill, and what yoii aud my luotli^r 
must Sftficr wlieaj he is so, though an ague is so common to 
little children, and not of dangerous consequence. I 
hope before tliiy arrives lie will have lost every symptom 
of complaint, if not, it is best to give him bark in the 
<mly way oliildren can take it, which very seldom Ikils. 
I have sent a prescription from Mrs. Montague and Mr. 
Clark. Everybody agrees you should give the child 
iheatnow; he may eat meat three times a week, and 
pudding or panada the other days. Sometimes sheep's 
totters, which ai-e both innocent and nourishing ; and 
make him to be jumbled about a good deal for fear of 
lalliug into the rickets, and throw away his wormwood 
dj^auglits, fur they ■''V/'"/'/ nolJiiiu/ lor an ague. Have 
an attention to him about worms, which are the cause 
of most children's illness ; pray God bless the dear boy, 
and send you many years of joy and comfort with him! 

And TWu; liaving finished my paragraph about him, 
like a good old fw^hiond i/odmotkei; I leave him for 
this post. Mrs. Duucorab came to town last Saturday. 
I called on her on Sunday, she looks thin, and I am 
afraid she wiU not meet with anything here to fatten her 
up ; for those that might make up to her her brother's 
unkindnesti miem not at all disposed to serve her. 

"We have had at last good news from Admiral Mathews, 
though very difl'erent from what I se'nt you before. He 
has beaten the Spaniards, and the French have run away. 
Tlie storm we had on Friday se'nnight stranded 12 


of the French transports at Dankirk, and lost them 600 
men. Sir J. Norris' fl^t received small damage from 
the storm. 

You must not expect I shall lament with joa 
my brother B leaving Calwich, for I own sincerely I am 
overjoyed at the thoughts of seeing him. Oh what a joy it 
would have been to have seen you all together ! We 
dined last Sunday in Arlington Street: prodigioiisly 
gracious ! 

Lady Wescombe* died last Saturday*— a six weeks 
mourning for my mother and three for us , but as she 
is not known in Staffordshire, I think it of no consequence 
to put it on there. The Bishop of Gloucester has just 
been with me, he has had an opportunity of talking to 
Mr. G., he asked him if he had ever had such a query 
proposed to him ? that her fortune was ao and so, and her 
character a most extraordinary one from everybody. The 
gentleman agreed she had an excellent oharaoter, said she 
never had been mentioned to him, and made no objectioia ; 
but gave no encouragement for the Bishop to say mote. 
Is this good or bad ? But as he says he designs marry- 
ing, and is a very reasonable man, and has no other pertcfn 
in view, the more he considers this aSair the bettiAr he 
must approve of it. She is gone out of town this morn- 
ing ; I wish there could be an acquaintande between timm^ 
but he knows none of her friends ; the Bishop* of Oloii- 

V Antia Maria Calmad^r, wife t( Sir Anthony WeateoiDl>e^ But. mm It^ 
HvbA Febroaiy 10, 1701. She wan the only child and heir of ^aniui<k)nMdy 
of Langdon, Esq., and of his 2nd wife Jane Holt, daughter of |5ir John Rolt, of 
Milton^ Devonshire, Knt. : Anna Marfa CUmady, married 8I# A. Wfhsbmbe, 
Afiril 6, 1736. The order anbecquent io her death for her hemUic ad^kir*- 
mmt in the Heralds* CoUege« bean date llarch 7, 1743-4. 


ocstcT has promised to waV-h and do all the service he 
can; he sroins really to cuter with zeal info the affair. 

Wliere do jou think we dine to-day ? Why truly at 
Sir Thomas Hanmer's ! lo the eveJiin^ I (p> to tho di-ar 
Ilaoliass, who has Ijccn confined, and ill with a cough 
and soreness on her chest thia wt^-k or t«n days; and 
after what she suffered with a ooi^^h last year, ] own I 
WM greatly alarmed for lier. I (lined yesterday at Sm 
Eobert Sutton's ; poor I^ady Sunderland is very cumplain- 
-iagt tha zeai wre all well. 

'l6mu^"ihi] •■,,,,! I 

n'Mi,. .. .'i-,.... ' ... CUrgM Street, Murth 10, 1743^: 

My dearest sister's last letter gave me a great deal of 
pain for my dear boy, but a note Mr. Dewes sent 
me this morning has revived my spirits. My brother 
did not come to town till yesterday at two ; he is very 
well, though he was yesterday much fatigued with the 
ways and weather, yet alert enough to dress and go to 
the oratorio, which wa.s l/i£ jirst place I saw him in. I 
si^rit to liis house to beg he would dine witli uie, or at 
least come to me as soon as he had dined, and I would 
carry him to the oratorio, but he would do neither; he 
came home with me, but would not stay one moment, 
and to-day he is gone to Northend. D.D. and I dine 
at Leicester House with Mrs. Claverin, who is in waiting ; 
the Percivals meet us there. Yesterday Mr. Dewes dined 
with us ; he made my brother a visit in his way, and 
they are to meet on business next Monday. 1 went 
yesterday morning into the City to buy myself a white 


satin manto and petticoat, but did not meet with one to 
my mind, so I shall wait some days longer. I have now 
two cousin-germans to mourn for — Lady Wescomb^ and 
Sir William Carew,^ who died last Monday. 

Did I write you word of our Princess's being in town ? 
Yes, I did ; and you knew it before me by the letter you 
enclosed for her, which I delivered safely to her last 
Wednesday : she and Lord Bclfield^ dined here. You 
remember his unfortunate story ? He is a sort of son-in- 
law of mine ; his name is Rochford ; his first wife was 
the eldest Miss Tennison, his second, my Lord Moles- 
worth's daughter. He discovered an intrigue, and they 
say he has come to England in search of him, to kill him 
wherever he meets him ; but I hope his resentment will 
cool, and not provoke him to so desperate an action, and 
he does not appear to have any such rash design, bat is 
more cheerful and composed than one could expect him 
to be ; he is very well-bred, and very well in his person 
and manner ; his wife is locked up in one of his houses 
in Ireland, with a strict guard over her, and they say he 
is so miserable as to love her even now ; she is extremely 
handsome, and has many personal accomplishments. 

" A fairer j^rson lost not heaven ; »he BoemM 
For dignity conijxM'd and high exploit : 
But all was false and hollow.** 

I have no public news. It is now said that there has 

• Died, March, 1744, Sir William Carew, of Antony, in Cornwall, Bart., 
one of the knights of the shire for that oounty. He was sacoeeded by Us only 
•on, Sir Coventry Carew, Bart. 

• Robert Bochfort, created I^rd Belficld, in Ireland, 1737, Tfsoonnt Belfteld 
t&1751, and Earl of BelTedere, in 1756. His second wife, whom be married 
in 1736, was the lion. Mary Molcsworth, daugliter of Richard, drd Visooont 

OF Mlta DELAaW. S79 

fsertainly buen an engagement in tite Mctliteirancan, and 
that we have had tin; iulvantage, but Cirthcr particalars 
have not yet come. To-njurrow we dine in Arlington 
Street; what stay do yon pro^wse making at CalwicU? 
By the time the roads are tolerable I hope 1 may be 
able to come to you in Staffordshire; it will not be in 
my power to make the tour of Gloucester and BrjMlley in 
my way to Che-tej ; and you cannot be settled at Wels- 
boume before Midsummer, so tliat, though I may call there 
in my way to Calwich to see tfte place, thtre is no posaibi- 
lity of our meeting there till next year. I have got an 
old brokiai Indian chest fur you, some scrub chairs, a aofa 
and couch — (the couch is precious because covered with a 
gift of my mother's, but it is, so lumbering a thing I can't 
, take it with me,) — a clock, and a few pictures ; let me 
. ^DOW where these shall be deposited when I pack up, 
not that I have yet made any preparations for it, but I 
must settle by degrees, that the contusion may be less at 
the time of moving. I think it fortunate for us both, 
that we shall be in a bustle this summer ; and when we 
consider that we are not only settling ourselves in a 
happy and reasonable situation, but are preparing plea- 
sant apartments to receife each other by turns, I think we 
may find great satisfaction in the employment. I shall 
wait with impatience for to-morrow's post, in hopes of a 
confirmation from you of the dear child's being well a^ain. 
I think, in case of a return, you are now well provided 
with remedies. 

The oratorios fill very well, notwithstanding the spite 
of the opera party : nine of the twelve are over. Joseph 
is to he performed (I hope) once more, then Saul, and 
the Messiah finishes ; as they have taken very well, I 


fancy Handel will have a second subscription ; and how 
do you think / ham lately been employed f Why, I have 
made a drama for an oratorio, out of Milton's Paradise 
Lost, to give Mx. Handel to compose to; it has oost 
me a great deal of thought and contrivance; D.D. 
approves of my performance, and that gives me some 
reason to tliink it not bad, though all I have had to do 
has been collecting and making the connection between 
the fine^ parts. I begin with Sataja's threatenings U> 
seduce the woman, her being seduced follows, and it 
ends with the man's yielding to the temptation ; I would 
not have a word or a tliought of Milton's altered ; and 
I hope to prevail with Handel to set it withovi having 
any of the lines put into verse ^ for that will take from ita 
dignity. This, and painting three pictures, have been my 
chief morning employment since I came to town. I 
must write two letters more this post. 

J),T). has been much concerned for the little boy. But as 

An agtie in the spring 
is physick for a king, 

we hope he will find no bad consequences attend it. 

The lettoM of Mrs. Delany after her second marriage, gradually 
unfold the cflects of the cx>n8tant cultivation of the imcommoli 
talents, which she had through life taken every oj^rtunity to 
improve quietly and unostentatiously; but there is no doubt thai 
the pride and pleasure which Dr. Delany took in her favourite 
occupations, gave hor fresh spirit and fresh zeal. She here men- 
tions finiijliing three pictures, besides the remarkable fact of her 
having arranged a drama for an oratorio by Handel from Paradise 
Ix»t. It does not appear that this oratorio was ever brought forth 
in Hunders life-time ; but an oratorio under this title was published 
as Smith's, al\er his deatli, which was most probably Handel'a own 

■" nP MRS. DELASY. ' ' ' tSS 

«md T 7,r'/'V'«;Jh&n'y(''jrn<. />«"'«, af CW>pk7i. .If Lt-, ,' ol* 
aftil,,;-. . (.■liir;ip» Strwt, Ifi Murch, tT48-4. 

^wft grieves my heart that tlic poor dear little boy should 
Kivo a return of his ague, but I hope you have given hiiii 
the bark before now and at the time you laid on ClarkV 
plaiater. How unlortimate 1 am always to be from yott 
in your distresses ! but absent from or present with you 
i nnut mourn when you mouni, and rejoice when you 
ftjoice. Agues though frightful are not fatal, and I have 
strong faith in the bark where it oan be taken, and in no- 
thing else. 
' I shall be glad to leave the Duchess of Portland safe in 
h«r bed before 1 oome to you, auJ when I shall have that 
happiness the Duke of Devonshire only knows, for till then 
we mnst not move. If it were not for the giving up ray 
house, packing off my trumpery, which I must do myself 
or may sustain great damages, 1 should leave D.D, and fly 
to Calwich ; but you must not let the uncertainty of my 
affairs disturb the order of yours, and when it is con- 
venient for you to go to your house at Bradley, don't let 
me tletain you at Oalwieh : but 1 fancy you will hardly 
think of doing that till the roads are good, and now I 
believe they are worse than they have been for some 
years. B. ' is in very good humour, and seems mightily 
pleased witli my mother and your being at Calwich, and 
speaks very kindly of the Httle boy, and with much con- 
cern at his having a return of his ague. How long he stays I 
don't kuo\v (nor ask), but he told the Percivals a fortnight. 

' " B" BornHrJ. — Thia proves that Mr. Granville was then in London, and 
ID good humour," having lett his mother and Mrs. Dewes at Calwich. 


We went together last night to Joseph. 'Twas the 
last night, and I think I prefer it to every thing he has 
made, except the Messiah. I have collected the oratorio for 
him out of Milton's Paradise Lost, which I hope will do. 
The Duke and Duchess of Portlaxid dine with me to- 
day. D.D. is affectionately yours ; his best duty and mine 
to dear mama, and our tender wishes to the little boy. 

I am, my dearest love, ever yours, 

M. J>. 

How is your foot ? For God's sake take care of stum- 
bling! The charming thread is come, and is more precioiis 
than threads of gold. The Brinsdens are in town ; we 
dine there on Thursday next. 

Mrs, Delany to Mrs, Dewes, 

Clarges Street, March 22, 1745-4. 

In hopes of performing my promise to my deajrest 
sister I begin on a folio sheet of paper, my eye being 
now well enough for such an undertaking. I most joy- 
fully congratulate you and my dear mama on my god- 
son's having lost his ague and gained a tooth. All your 
letters make me happy beyond expression, and DJ). 
takes a particular pleasure in our friendahip for one 
another i he knows the human heart was formed for 
social affections, and that the friendly communion be- 
tween sisters and friends no way interferes with that pf 
husband and wife; for can we suppose that Ptoy^- 
dence should make it our duty to love our relations, 
and that the performance of that duty should be an injury 
to one another ? It was ever my opinion, that this could 



not be : tis iK)W strengtliened by experience, tor 1 never 
loved my dearest sister witli more (if with so much) 
warmth and tendemess as at this moment. Pray give 
my most affeetionat-e duty to my motlier, and a ihousajid 
thanks for her charming' letter. T hope she will be so 
good sts to forgive my not answering it this post. 

There is yet no accoimt of the Diiko of Devunslure 
coming,' which will occasion D.D.'s taking out a licence 
fof another quarter of a year ; you may imagine, a longer 
st^ay amongst ray friends than I expected will not be 
titiwelcome, but I am afraid it will bo attended by some 
inconveniences in his affairs, and be a detriment to hia 
parishioners, but we are not to blame, and we mutrt en- 
deavour to make them amends when we get among them, 
and in the mean time we will be as "happy as we can, 

The moment I can guess about what time we shall be 
at liberty I will let you know ; but I think it will not 
be possible to move till the latter end of next month. I 
wish you had the reforming of the present family* you are 
in, but tis onlf/ a wife can do those things ; there is do 
sister in the world can act as freely for a brother as 
for herself / wish Mrs. Dean was translated — can't you 
persuade her to give my brother warning P He never 
names domestic affairs to me ; if I heard of a clever 
woman that I thought would manage well for him, I 
would recommend her, for lie cannot have a worse than 
his present manager. Now I am talking of these affairs, 
I must let you into a secret wliich I suppose cannot long 
remain so. Father Fo* is going to be married to Mrs. 

' Mr. Craiiiill./.'i hiiuselioM. " ~ ~ 

» The dfath of the fuiirth Mrs. Foliiy (Klieabcth Unett) the friend of Add 
Grauvillc, not baviiia been previoiialy mentioned, it must have occurred when 


Gtv^yitk^ a maiden gentiewoman of thiriy-six^ plain enongli 
and tiTo thousand pound fortune ; her brother iaa great 
friend of the fb's, perhaps jou may have se^a him ; don't 
mention thin even to Mr. Dewes, for my ooz Fo. told it 
itae in ffreat eoj^ence^ The family are not at all pleased 
with his marrying, exeept the daughter, and she thinka it 
Will be easier to her than the management of the &ifuly. 
I thought he would marry again the first woman tha^ 
Would have him. The Bishop of Gloucester was with iil0 
tiiree days ago, but with no good news, he has twice mem 
tSoned what was desired, but nothing was said that oouM 
be interpreted to her advantage ; the Bishop wi^^ies 
there may be interviews this summer, which perhaps (m 
he is unengaged), may bring him to some redolutioni ! 

It has been confidentiy reported for some dayallih^t 
Lord Carteret was to be married to Lady Sophia Fermor, 
Lord Pomfret's daughter." Nay they went so far ab to 
say they were certain^ married on Tuesday nighty hot:! 
believe there is no ground for the report ; she is a handr 
some woman, but I know no more of her. Last nig^i^, 
alas ! was the last night of the oratoria : it concluded-wijtll 
Saul : I was in hopds of the Mesmh. I have been atim 
ten oratorios, and wished you at every one most heastUy. 

I have not ^een Lady Sunderland this age : she is bdt 
indifferent, but the oratorios took up two days < in. the 
week, and I seldom go out on a Sunday. Last Mbtiday 
wie dined at Mr. Peroival's ; B. was invited, but woidd 
not come, which gave great offisnoe, and vexed me^-MjB. 
Bewes was there; to*day we dine at Mr. Brinadeoa f; in 

> Lord Carteret marriea, secondly, in March, 1744, tite Xady So^ilkk, iMitt 
daughter of llioniaa Fermor, Earl of Pom fret. 

• This was ]>robably the husband of '* Mn, Bet CattUmawT whose marriage 
was before alluded to. 

"1 I'-' OF Mils. UKLANY. • (i . S®. 

Rathbone- Place ; did I tell yon Bhe came to ask me 
wliere my silTersmitli lived, for she wanted Home plate? 
I reetimmended Mr. Oapin, who had made all the plate 
I ev(^ purchased, viz., a sih-er ladle! Mr. Dewes is 
invited to meet us, and my brother, but tlio latter I 
beKeve will slip his 7ieok cut of the collar. I made a 
short visit to our dear Duchess yesterday moi'Ding alter 
prayers ; she ia in pretty good spirits, and desired her 
kind love to you. She expects Tjady Aadover in town 
erwy day ; she coinoa to lye-in, and I fear they will come 
at the same time : I hope not the same day. as they both 
ewploy Sandys. Let me know, my dearest sister, parti- 
enlarty how yon do. 

Did I tell yon how I was pleased with Mr. Bevem the 
Quaker, who dined with us about a fortnight ago ? He is 
a most extraordinary man, very sensible, smart and polite 
in his manner: he has takeu to carving in ivory for his 
Amusement, and cuts likenesses of people that be has vat 
seen for many years. I have packed up a box of work for 
you ; the great chair that was begun so long ago, withall 
the worsteds and silks that belong to it, which at yoor 
leisure I hope you will hnish, and that I shall have tJie 
pleasure of sitting in it by your fire-side at Wdsbome. 
I shall not send it you without your orders, but leave it 
to be packed with the rest of your trumpery affairs. 

D.D. is at St. James's Chapel, and I can't leave ;Qiy 
letter open till he comes home, because I must go a^d 
dress — but I know he is faithfully yours, and I am just 
what I wish you to be ever to rae. Lady Dysart has 
got another son, and is very well. 



Mn, Delany to Mn, Dewea. 

Olargos Street, 30 Marob, 1744. 

Though to-morrow is the post day I must begin to-day» 
for fear of not being able to say all I would say to my 
most dear sister D.D. wishes you would eet about tibe 
ballad on leaving the old oak of Bradley ; he is sure you 
will succeed incomparably well. I hope we shall make 
a party together for visiting the sacred Druid's habita- 
tion, though not this year ; in the meantime we will recal 
every pleasant moment we have past together, and lay 
schemes for their renewal. I thank God we have faap^ 
pily executed many a delightful scheme, and if we 
keep them within the limits of reason and discretion we 
may always indulge ourselves with the hope (at least) of 
success. I am glad the weather favours all your works. 
I have sent you by Mr. Dewes some garden seedH froim 
the Oxford physic garden ; you are to divide with my 
brother those that are for the natural ground, and thoaa 
for hot-beds are all your own, and some of the produce < I 
bespeak for Delville, and hope you will sow them theifi 
with your own dear hands. My brother talks of stajOB^ 
till the latter end of April ; it is not unlikely but !«e 
may travel together. I don't think there ever was a 
happier creature than Mrs. Brinsden ; I wished yon^vritii 
me (and toas not that atrange f) the day I dined thei^e^ tosee 
with what joy she pulled out of her Indian chest firag«> 
roents of good things, and some whole pieces of velret 
and silks. She has an honest good heart, and \ wax 
pleased to see how she enjoys the blessings that she has. 
Nothing hurts me more than the repinings of some of 
my acquaintance (at least their insipid possession of go«xl 

01<- MItS. DRLANT. . WE 

tilings), wliL>n, if they had the gratitude to Providence 
they ought to have, their whole lives should be spent 
in thanlcsgiving instead of murmuring; this makes me 
often check a rising sigh, and sets me recollecting the 
many blessings that I possess ; and / hope I shall 
maintain this temper of mind, for the sake of my friends 
as well as ray own advantage, I have been in a littlo 
bastle with my servants. Thoma* Itogers, that Mrs. 
Ohapon recommended to as, and promised to be an ex- 
cellent servant, says he will not go to Ireland, and we 
have discharged him, Barrow has mishaved himself so 
much that he nm,^t go; Margaret aiid I had almost 
parted, but at last I have agreed, and she goes to Ireland 
as housemaid. 

The Duke of Devonshire is now expected soon, some 
say he will be at Chester next Sunday. Lord Carteret has 
hnrried Lady Sophia Termor's spirits into a scarlet tever, 
and she was in grfat danger for twoiity-t'i'iir hours, iiud 
ahe has thrown hiin into the gout, with which he has been 
cooBned this week ; I believe I writ my mama word sU 
the particulars of the settlements and so forth, D.D. 
preaches on Sunday next before his Majesty ; it is 
unlucky for him that my Lord Carteret will not be able 
to attend in the closet, for he had determined to have 
said something in his favour. This was written in the 
morning. At eleven we went to Northend ; at my return 
I made a visit to the Pcrcivals, dressed and dined at 
Whitehall, made visits in the afternoon, drank tea with 
Lady Andover, who is come to town to lye in, and, 
poor thing ! has had a fever. Cousin Fo. came to town 
to-day, I sat an hour with her in my way home, and 
am now by my fireside with my own D D., who bears 


all my flirtations and rambles with tmehanffeabie ffood 
humour, and only makes me regret every hour I spend 
from him. To-morrow Sir Anthony Wesoomb calls ferine 
in his coach (my brother is to be of the party) to carry tis 
to his villa * that he purchased last year on Chelsea C!otn-' 
mon ; he is to come back with us and dine here, so vre 
shall pay our court to the Black Knight, who ought 
not to be neglected, but I suppose he mil take anothfr t 

Mrs, Ddany to Mrs, Detoes. 

Clargw Street, AfTril dy 1744-. 

Though I cannot hear of my dearest mama's suffering 
pain without feeling it myself, I hope and believe tlus fit 
of the gout will be a blessmg to us all, by prolonging her 
life ; for where there is a disposition towards it, it is 
safest when it gives pain in the limbs : pray God keep it 
from her stomach! If she could take tlie Kawleigli 
Cordial, it is the best thing to prevent its coming ihto 
her stomach, and to give her rest. 

Our next care at present, the dear Duchess, is as wdl 
as can be, and the child also though a little tiny boy ; 

> Blacklands is in the Marlborough Road, Chelsea, formerly caHed mack- 
lands r.anc. Bowack in bis AntiquHieM cf MiddUmr, (1706X MQrt>-» 

" William, Lord Cheyne, Viscount Newhayen in Scotland^ baa two good ssatiiiA 
Chelsea. The first is the mansion house, where Queen Elizabeth was nnmed, 
east end of the town near the Thames. The other some dimance north of tiM 
town, calletl DlackUnds Houae^ both (1705) let to French boarding acbooli^'* li 
is now (1800) a lunatic asylum, and adjoins the old Manor House at Chetaeai, 
which forms part of the premises of Messrs. Seott sovi Cuthberfson (|iipcr 
manufacturers), called ^* Whitelands.** Blacklands hs8 still a good garden, 
old iron gates, and the centre of the house is evidently |>art nf the original 

, ivW Mils. DKtiAN'Y. mi 88^ 

but Elias the porter says " 'tis stparfict DintorU." I have 
not yet 3eeu hfr, nor will these two dnya, for yon know 
my eantion about lyiug-in ladies. ■ f-i-^'i 

Well, the all'air of preachitig belbn; bis M^est^.Smi 
over/ to the great eas<; of miue and D.D.'s mind. He wtei ' 
as anxious about it as if he had neTer spoken in public, but 
he came oflF with applause. Tlie King attended and com-i 
mended bis sermon ; the generality of the con^re^tioa i . 
were gaping for a flattering discourse, and tliought that 
he would preach for a bishopric, but foimd he thought 
more of acquitting himself like a good Xtian orator, than 
of gaining promotion by a fawning, fulsome discourse ; 
which in truth would not only have been below his own 
dignity to have uttered, but an aS'ront to his royal 
audience. His text was the 4 Chap, of St. Paul to tfie 
Galatians, part of the 8th verso -.—"But it is good to be 
zealoualy affucted always in a good thing." Lord C'arterefe 
is still confined with the gout, and could not be tlmrc ; 
but I mistook in saying he would tell the King tJiat he 
"might be amii-ted ;" his jo/'.f^ was, that "perhaps lie 
might be abiu-ied I" 

X have just had Hcle with me, and shall pack up yoor 
affairs and send thom to Welsborn. I don't know where 
we can meet if we do not at Calwich ; it is there I propose 
our meeting shall be; and as my stay cannot be very 
long, I hope the neighbours will be so indulgent as not to 
expect any visits from me. I design to ask my brother to- 
day when it will be most convenient to him for us to go j 
but my Lord Lieutenant is not yet arrived, and our mo- 
tions must be regulated by him. My heart and thoughts. 

' Dr. Delany'a preaching. 



liave long been with you, and I shall have no joy till, my 
body follows. D.D. is as impatient to be with you as I am^ 
and treats me with such tenderness on the subjecti that 
it lies most on my mind that you will love him better tbaa 
ever ; and I assure you he loves and admires you extiemdiyw 
We have this day dispatched Barrow to Dublin to taka out 
a new license ; the old one will be out on the 14th, aad we 
must not run the hazard of the post, for fear of acoidentst 

To-day I shall have a treat that I shall most ardenily 
wish you and my mother your share of. Handel, aay 
brother, and Donnellan dine here, and we are to be miwt* 
tained with Ilofiders playing over Joseph to U8. .Row 
often and how tenderly shall I think of my BmgmWhl 
I shall be impatient for to-morrow's post, to know 
how my mother does : the very sharp moist weather we^ 
have, I fear may increase her pain. I love my dear^ little 
godson for calling for me, and desire you will tell him. " X 
am coming as iast as I can."' When the great weddi^ 
will be, I don't know ; I have given myself very littta 
trouble about them ; the courting, I assure you, is mwiU 
more on their side than ours. We dine there once a-wedk;^ 
or once in ten days, and I come away, and so does DlD»,m 
soon as dinner is over. 

Wish me joy and wish Donnellan joy ; for Captaiii.Bury/ 

1 ** About the end of last month we had an aoooonti that on Ak Se9.lfa|i 
brought into Oibraltar^ bj his Majesty's ship the SMxty^ oommaoded hj 
Capi. Bury, the Ccncordioy a Spanish register ship of 22 guns and 142 Iblltty 
including passengers, taken the day before oflf Cadis, after fivo hours' m f^g» ^ 
meut. She is the richest prize that has been made in the present war ^th 
Spain, having on board 180,000 dollars, 12,000 serous of cochineat, M> of 
indi^ and several other rich goods ; the whole computed at a nilUsn is^4 
lialf of dollars. A little before, Cajttain Bury took a Spanish piimtoer €)i four 
carriage gnns, ten swivels, and seventy-fire men.** — London MagoMVM CkrO' 
ncittgrr, for April, 1744. 


ibr whom we applied last year to the Admiralty, and made 
liira captain by our intfrest, has got avast rich prize; his 
own sliare, they aay, will come to fourscore thousand 
poands; and he is an honest, valiant young man, and 
deserves his good fortune ; you may imagine how pleased 
and proud his patronesses are on this occasion. You ask me 
how many pounds of thread I have got for you ; do you 
mean knotted or unknotted? I hope I shall not forget 
the cornice of your bed, but please God I shall make 
you a visit at Welsbome long before you will be ready 
for the cornice. I wish I may be able to get a recom- 
mendation for poor Mrs. Lander : I have not yet been 
able to meet with a snbacriber. 

I beHeve I have burnt this week an hundred of your 
letters : ftoic vsttcilimgly did I commit to the flames those 
testimonies of your tender friendship ! but I have preserved 
more than double their nnmlier, which I shall take with 
me as so many charms. I thought it prudent to destroy 
letters that mentioned particular afTairs of particular 
people, or family business. Don't expect to hear from 
me next post, for the Duchess is, I thank God, so well 
you may be easy on her account, and I am to go 
out early on Thursday upon business, and shaU hardly 
find time till Saturday to write ; but if 1 can I will. 
My most humble and affectionate duty to dear mama, 
and D.D.'s love to "sister Ann." The Sixth Night 
has been in my honse three days, and I have not had 
time to read it ! 

Upon second thoughts, I believe the clock' can't go to 
Welsboume tUl I go away, for we shall want it ; but I 
will see it packed up safely the day before I go. 

u 2 


Mrs, Delany to Mrs, Dev)es, at Calwich, 

Clarges Street, 17 April, 1744. 

It is not only preaching that keeps D.D. in town, but 
the Duke of Devonshire's staying so long in Ireland ; 
for it would have been very inconvenient for him io 
be obliged to come to town again from Calwich : and 
when we determined to set out the 25th of this month 
we thought the Duke of Devonshire would have been 
here by the 2nd or 3rd of April ; and upon his not 
coining and great solicitations from the Foleys (who 
interest themselves very much in the Westminster 
Infirmary), D.D. was prevailed on to promise them a 
sermon on the first of May; but, please God, if 
nothing imforeseen prevents lis, we will set forward the 
3d or 4th of May. My heart beats with impatience 
for the happy moment of seeing my dearest sister ; and 
at this time of our good dear mama's pain and confine- 
ment I would fly instantly to you, had I not afiairs to 
settle here which you know cccn only be done by my 
self, and I must settle aU accounts with Mr. Stanley, 
which I hope next week will accomplish. 

When Mr. Foley goes away {she is gone this morning, 
and he follows in a few days) we take possession of their 
house, which they have been so kind as to offer us, and 
I shall then clear my own> which cannot be conveniently 
done whilst we are in it. I have not yet pjicked up one 
individual ^ing, but have cleared away a good many 
papers, and burnt some precious manuscripts that nothing 
can make me amends for but the same dear hand and 
heart from whence they came ; well ! I will despatch all 


! -■ OF MKS. DELANY. v.i i 006 

tttwned up in tho school of indifference for otliors and 
loye of self, ITie next day all the Pomtrets diiicd there, 
■odA nobody was admitted. I left my name at the door 
i»rJM the crvmi, and shall wait till I ain. setU to. They 
hi,ve famished the town with conversation in abundaoce, 
all which tittle-tattle I reserve for talk at Calwioh. 

I go to-day at 1 2 to ^Vhitehidl to our Duchess. Wlien 
" you write to her say nothing of the dav I have fixed for 
' 'TOij joramey : she is very well and all the little ones. 
Mr. PcTcivaJ has had the gout, and has it very bad ; the 
Test are well. Plave you the Minute Philosopher ' and 
Derhara's Physieo-Theoloffy ? ^ I hope 1 shall be able to 
■ get the fringe, but Mrs. Littleton {who was to get it for 
' me) and I have not met ; I will sond her a message by 
Lady Westmorland. I have not seen liady Sarah Cowper 
A 'great while, but she has bean much OTit of order all tiiia 

Nest Thursday we go to Paul's to hear the music for 
the Sons of the Clei^' — Donn. Mr. Brinsden, D.D., 
my brother, and I. Dr. Young dined yesterday at 
Whitehall ; he is vastly broke, but he and D.D. took very 
kindly to one another. Princess is very well and in high 
favour in Arlington Street, but I am sore they will do 
her no substantial favour ; however, as it keeps up her 
spirits to be well received there, I am glad she is. Mr. 

' " The Minute Philosopher," n series of rlialoKiies, written in 1732, by 
Dr. Georga lierkeluy, with which Qumh Caroline waa go plcared that she 
had him (jromoted to the Bishopric of Cloyne. 

' WiUiiini Derham, D.D., Cliaplaln to George I,, and Canon of Windsor, 
born 1657, died 1735. He devoted himself to philoBophicftl pursiiils. In 
1713 he published his " I'liysico-Theoli^y," being (he siibstajicc nf bin Bnyli^'a 
Lccturea, with ciiriutis and iiislructivB ao(«a. Il«alM> wnM " Astro-llieolom-," 
" Chriato-Theology," &c. 



Fc^ey ^ will sodu bemararied; Jbe is all (flame atidimjHH 
tiepx^e^— I wi^b. ahjB ! jnay proVB. a discreet wbmaii; (fot 
^kli^d Foley '». sake j Matrimoaj is mucli ia Stabaoni ^^ 
I: have neithepc time not* memorj at present ta rejbdttebi 
them. 60: tbey ttkust go into the bag of chatter that is 'to 
b^. opened atCalwich; I shall think the time longiiiU 
tb0 po$t icomes in to*morrow; enclose no mote to Mjt; 
Foley;.. • ■ ■ • •• -r <i 

i^ilihope you receired the paper abont Mrs. Huddlest^. 
Irharo at laslb recolleoted her direction^ and shall by tliik 
post send one, for fear of losing time, for nei^t TudsAa^f 
is the day the paper must be returned; ^'^ '• 

Mrs, Diflany io Mrt, Ikwes, at Ckdwieh. , in:.. 

GlATgcs Stmt, 21 Apiil, ITiMw : 

I ^hall have no real comfort in writing to my deariM 
sister till I can positively say our day of leavitig- thU 
piace is settled, but uncertainty is the lot of mortal^^^Mkiy 
add I can only say I hope we shall be able to ke^ 46 th^ 
time I named. But my Lord Carteret^s marriage and ffeb 
Duke of Devonshire's hurry upon first eondng ove^; bavb 
I suppose not given them leave to settle about' Iiisb' 
affiiirs. D.D» was at the Duke of Devcmshire-s \e^^^ 
his favorite chi^lain the De^i of Down they msf ttiHaSA' 
fair for a bishopric ; if so his betters mttattmi till teotli^ 
vacancy. This week must determine it, and I am 6ieu:^it 
will finish my patience if it does not finish this siffidr'j 
we dine to-morrow in Arlington Street. I have not j^ 

1 ** Married, May 1744, Thomas Folej, Esq, Wniy^ht of Uie tbire ftr tb« 
county of Hereford, to Mrs. Catharine Gwyn," his fifth wife I 

seen bride or bridegroom, but have seen all tiie reet of thfe 
family. Yesterday Lady Ca.rl«ryt was preseDted at Court, 
Taatly fine in gold brocade and jewels. In the evening Lady 
Dysart's sou was christened ; the King stood in person, t^i<i 
other gossips Lord and Lady Carteret. So much for the 
great and magniflcent. Lady Oxford comes to town to-d;iy, 
which will rob me of some happy minutes. Tbo Xtning 
is to be next Tliur.'^day, the name Edward, the gossips 
lady Oxford, I<ord Liraoriek and Lord Foley. Last 
Thorsday Don, D.D., my brother, Mr. and Mrs Brinsden, 
aoid myself went to St. Paul's and got very good places 
in the choir, and I never was more delighted iWth musiu 
in my life. After it was over my brother proposed our 
dining at Pontact's, which we accepted yoa may believe, 
and passed a pleasant day ; my brother was in good 
spirits, and very obliging, and 5'ou know how very de- 
lightful that is tome. Mrs. Delahay has brought iny 
new gown to trj', yours is made up without a lining, tho 
wrong side is as good as the right, and it will be too hot 
for summer if you Ime it. The Duke of Portland, Mr. 
Drummond, Mr. Achard, two Mr. Delanya — (relations 
of D.D's.,) and my brother, dine with me to-day, and 
this morning I expect Lady Bridget Bastard' to see my 
house, and take it I hope. So all I can say more is our 
affectionate duty, love, and service attend the dear in- 
habitants oi' Cahvich. 

A letter without sigimturc, at this period, but evidently from 
Mrs. Foluy or one of her sisters, gives a curious account of tlie 
wages of tlie ladies' maids, or waiting-women of that time. The 
writer says that a person who wishes for the place of her own woroan, 

' i'l.lltirpri EastHr-l, of Kitlev, Esq., married I*dy Eri.lyet Tuuletl, diun;ii- 
tLT ut Juliii, Int Karl lVil«tl. 


eajfly she baa had £4- a-ymr, with an addition in other ways ofjife 
value of £4 more, but .th$it she " can ouly wash head-things. im^ 
aprona, and has never washed larger things, but would leara po do 
the additional things necessary ;'* and the writer asks Mr^. pewes 
^^ if it is possible that a person who had received such high wages 
eould have done so little f '^ Slie also mentions a letter from tioiy 
Famxy Carteret, saying that Lord Grtmville *• designs to ctoy TA 
eondc»rt into Bedfordsliire for a fortnight, just to show her the bMti- 
ties of Hawnes/' and adds, ^' Poor Lady Carteret did often widifi)r 
such a journey without her Governess^ but never did d>tai|i,.fil! 
-but (I hope in the regions slie is now in she wants no change or 
ii^rty." j^ 

. ■ i: 
^f^s, Ddany to Mm, Deivrg, 

Claries Sticit, April 20, 1744^' 

Our day was fixed for leaving tins place next AVedtties- 
day, most of my things packed up, but the affaiir n6t 
being decided, my brother and otlier wise politicians My 
it would he ahmrd to go out the way just at the Hime 
tiiat there is a struggle between the Duke of Devon- 
shire and Lord Carteret. AVhich will get the better caii- 
not so much as be guess'd at, but I fear our friend will 
be defeated, though surely next week we shall know oyr 
doom and be set at liberty, and then I shall fly to Cal- 
wrich and be happy. You can very well imagine how 
perplexing these del^.ys have been to me. but I will name 
no more days, nor do you think of any, but as sooa C0 I 
may come yon know I shall. We hare been this mom- 
ing to see Sir John Stanley, whom we found pretty wdfl. 
Mrs. Brinsden came to me at nine, then Mrs. Dehfaay, 
then Miss Tate — her sister is nmrried to Captain £lfoJi\ 


Cart>lin«, 3ro\in;*ef«t daaghtor of Charles and BHmlteth Tate, of ArKlighflln. 
in tlie oi>tinty of Gloucester, married Jacob, seooud sou ol bir Abrabam lbllir*u. 

:iy/:''0¥ mrb. delakt. ;'-ti.i «» 

sftd we dine at the Percivals. Reading «Am is efiou^! 
ikJpttt ytia into a hurry of tlic spirfts, what was it to too 
til! tbe Operation? Our dear Duclioss is very well, and 
on Saturday night all her cen'monies ■vviTl be over, l)t(t 
ate is so good and careful as nevui" to go out till tlje 
fifth week. Sir Clement Cotteroll called here this morning 
when we were out, very likely he had some uew& to tell uv. 
Take care of riding, as now you area little'COWMdlyit 
may be dangerous. ' ■'(''- 

■ T am corae home to take care of my dear 'D;T>. 
who is not well ; he complains very much of his head, 
and is just going to take hartshorn and sack whey, and 
go to bed ; I hope a good night's rest will cure him. I 
an) very well. Yesterday my brother gallantly attended 
, lire, Donnellan, Miss Dashwood, and myself to breakfast at 
Jlanelagh, the day was clear but cold : there was a great 
deal of company. D.D. was obliged to go into the City, 
where I believe he caught his cold ; I invited my brother 
home with me ; he was in a very easy good humour, and 
staid till past seven. 

Good night, all health and happiness attend you. Duty, 
love, and service to Calwicli. I am glad my dear godson 
continues well. I am, more than I can express, yours. 

Ranelagh, a public garden, opened in 1742, on the rite of the 
gardens of Ranelagh House, eastward of Chelsea Hoajatal ; Asd 
originally projected by Ijscy, the patentee of Druty-lane The^itie, 
as a sort of winter Vauxhall ; the Kotunda, 185 feet in diameter, 
had a Doric portico, an arcade and gallery outside. There waa also 
a Venetian pavilion in tlie centre of a lake, upon which the company 
were rowed in boats; and a print of 1751, shows the ground 
planted with trees and allies vertes ; the several buildings were 
designed by Capon, tlie eminent scene-painter. The interior was 
fitted with boxes for refreshments, and in each was a painting ; in 


thie centre was an ingentc^uai heating apj>arati*i, cortcdUcd ^j srobeH' 
porticoes and niches, paintingi, &c3j> end supporting tbe -ceiUngw 
which waa decomted with celoataal figiMi39> festoons of flt^vners^.aod- 
aiabeeques, and lighted by circles of phandeliersi ' . . ^ i . 

The Eotunda was opened with a public breakfast, April 5th, 1742* 
Walj)ole describes the high fashion of Ranehigh : — " The Prince, 
Princess, Dukes, much nobility, and much rtiob besides were the^^.** 
* My Lord Chesterfield is so fond of it, that he says he hks orden^ 
lill his letters to be directed thither.*' The admission waHr^otf^ 
shilling ; but the ridottos, with sapper and miisic, were one guiiUBk 
Conoerts were also given here — Dr. Arne composed the nui^i^ 
Teniiucci suad Man4 sang, and here were first publicly performed tbo 
compositions of the Catch Club; fireworks and a mimic Etna verp 
n^xt introduced ; and lastly masquerades, described in Fielding^ 
" Amelia,'*and satirized in the ** Connoisseur.** But the promena^^ 
of the Rotunda to the music of the orchestra and orgidf dedUtietf.- ' 

The peace fete took place here in 1803. Ranelagh wafr4h6ri 
deserted, and in 1804 the buildings were taken dowik -^.(j 

Mrs, Dtlan^ to Mn, Dew^, -lii.; 

Claiigcs Street, 8 May, it+li '"- 

« ■ . . ■ ■ • , * 

Well, my deax sister, I told you that I should noi 
write to you this post^ aud I should have been as good 
as my word hut that the Dean of Down desires mie'tq 
make his compliments to you, and to present his humt)le 
duty to my mother. . He has a most sincere regard' ^r 
you, and only wishes and waits for an opportunity of 
telling you so in person ; in the mean time hopes you 
will accept of his devoirs from my hand^ and I .bie}ieve 
there is nobody in England excepting myself (and D.D. 
is not jealous I assure you) for whom he has a greater 
value, and we have had several private conferenced'on 
that subject as well as many others. 1 am very glad to 

,, .' PF Mils. liELAJSY. , W 

find.: by your letter to my brother, tliat you <lwl not ap- 
prehend D.D. to be as bad as he really wan; but 1 mif- 
ifeped greatly, for nobody for tho time could suffer more 
tban he did, bnt I thank God he mends very fast, 
"f esterday lie din'd in tlie parlour, and just as dlnticr 
came upon tlie table, Lord Carteret came to the door 
^d came in. He desired we would send the servantij 
away, and when they ^vere gone he told D.D. he was 
come from tlie Duke of Devonshire to ofl'er Ixiin the 
Deanary of Down,' and that the first small bishoprick 
that fell in he might have if he eared afterwards to 
quit Down ; but the deanry is a much better thing 
i-Jian any small bishopric, and we are well pleased with 
th^ possession of it. As sooa as D.D. is well enough 
to go abroad he is to kisa hands, but that cannot 
possibly he till the beginning, of the: week, wiiiuU 
will put oQ' the happy horn- of our meeting still longer, 
Our dear Duchess raps at the door, and this camiot be 
finished 'till she is gone : she i;^ pure well,^but has 
staid so long I can say but little more. I shall send 
to my brother your new gqwn to send because., you 
may want to wear it, and two prints for you of the 
Giant's Causeway, which I desire your acceptance of, 
they are curiosities. Well, good night, I must sigh 
and seal. '""'[' 

1 am yours, my dearest sister, , ' i ■ ■ 

"With the utmost tenderness, 

M. D. ''■ 
Duty, love, and service as due. 

' Amori^ the ecclesiastical preferments recorded in the " London MBgM(n&" 
for May, 1744, is tiie follnning entry — " Dr. Thomaa Fleldier, made tiiBhpp 
of Droiuore, aiiil Dr. Patrick Delaoy, Dean of Etown in liia room." 


After the letter of 8tk of Maj, a period interrenee of hum 
than five weeki, probably spent at Calwich with her mother and 
sister — tlie next date being Cbesteri where Mary Granville onoe 
more found herself, after an interval of thirteen years since she. 
had passed through that city on her way to Ireland, determined 
to conquer her attachment to Lord Baltimore. How well those years 
had been employed in maturing her judgment, strengthening her 
principles, and cultivating every opportunity of improvement, her 
letters fully prove, till she again landed in Ireland with a covnpaniaii' 
who knew how to value the superiority of her mind, and ihm 
versatility of her talents. 

Mrs, D^ny to her MoUttr and Siattr^ 

Cheater, Wednesday, 18 June, 1744. 

I dare not trust myself with saying anything on the 
erabject my heart is fullest of, but will endeavour to 
satisfy my dearest mama and sister with an account of 
our travels, which have hitherto, I thank God, been 
prosperous. The weather was yesterday excessively hiot, 
and we wanted the comfortable breezes of Calwich. We 
breakfaisted at Cheedle, (your good cake we eat in the 
ooach,) and arrived at Trentham, where we dined, about' 
half an hour lifter twelve : there we both had courage 
to name our friends at Calwich, but till then I could 
not venture to mention you — that wants no explanation 
to you. The roads were very good, for we had no 
occasion to get out of the coach the whole way ; we did 
not get to Nantwych till near nine, the road rocky, 
and the miles Worcestershire miles ; our inn was a poor 
one, but your iexcellent chicken jumished us with sn 
admirable repast, for which we were not ungrateful. 
We had a good bed and civil landlady, and got to 

OF MK>^. DKLAHTJ m.< 30r 

Cbefitor to-day at twelve o'clock, where we have a good 
lodging and provision. Tim yacht is to sail to-piorrow 
at eleven, at which hour please God we shall be at the 
water-side. Mrs. Henory, the lady that was to liave 
gone, does not go yet, so the j-acht is to return for her, and 
tjio Weather is so good the captain says though the wind is 
not directly fair he does not feax making a good passage. 
I. have also sent you the Bishop of Cloyne's book on tar- 
water, for your amusement, and two volumes of enormous 
size for ray lovely godson : I could not get the Becond 
without the first, and thought he might he gallant and 
make a present to Miss Jenny of one. I shall keep Frank 
till we are on board, as you desired me to do, and shall 
have no time to-morrow morning to add to my letter, but 
must refer you to I'Vank to tell you all that happens 
to-night. Since dinner we have taken a nap, made up 
our accounts with our line laudlady, walked round the 
toivn, and t>ecn the library, which is a beautiiul tlotlUc 
bailding. The [wor DcaJi lias had the headache all day, 
but is now better ; hia best rcsjiects and kind wisheB 
are your constant attendants. It is unnecessary for me io 
tell you he exerted himself to keep np my spirits, and 
indeed his own wanted some support ; and I must cay 
I saw it with satisfaction — for to have the friends 1 
love beat, love one another, is the height of happiness 
to me. So, my dear mama and sister adicsa, I am nery 
well and in surprising spirits, and beg you will have do 
anxiety about me. I will write as soon as I get to 
DelviUe, but as the winds are concerned you may not 
receive it so soon as your impatience will wish for it. 
William Curl is here and is grown prodigiouBly. Supper 


is coming, and once more adieu. No words can say bow 
much and how tenderly 

I am yours, 


Friday nine o'clock, Chester. As it is now likely we 
may stay here some time, I cannot keep Frank any 
longer, and as I know you may in all probability hear 
the occasion of my staying in a way that may alarm you, 
I think it best to acquaint you with D.D's illness by my 
own hand. I thank God he is much better, and the 
worst I hope is over. He was taken ill on Friday night 
after I had wrote this letter ; he complained of the head- 
ache aU day, and in the evening had a direct fever fit 
which lasted the greatest part of yesterday. I sent for 
an apothecary, but I would not venture any farther 
without better advice, and so sent for Dr. Gore, a physi- 
cian in great repute here, who gave* him the bark as 
soon as he found his fever would allow of it. He is free 
from fever this morning, and I hope in God he will have 
no return of it ! the doctor thinks he will not. I have 
sent for Dr. Barber to come over to us from Ireland to 
attend him for the voyage, but the yacht will not be 
back till the 20th of this month. All events are guided 
by the Great Disposer of all things; so I keep up my 
own spirits and am very well, and hope by Saturday's 
post to give you a good account of my own D.D. : in the 
meantime I entreat you and my dearest mama nofc 
to be too anxious about us, but hope for the beat 
as I do. As ill news flies apace, I feared you might 
by some means or other hear this, or I would have 

' ■ OK MHa. DEUUrt; ''"' 8TO 

spared you the pain of knowing it till it had been 
quite over. Write to me by the post and direct for mo 
at Mrs. Kenna's, Chester ; and if I should be gone, Mrs. 
Kenna will send it after me ; she is a very pretty kind of 
woman, and we are fortunate that this unhappy delffy 
happened in so good a house,' "' ' '* ' ''" i '■';'<" '"''i' ' 

Mn. betoM to Mn. I>tiv», at Jiradlnj, nWenCp'iAffr, to U l^ ^.i^lW 

. i I r , y i fp , ( 1 ' ■ J^iiftp^^ Apoihteary, fti Prvituriek. ' ' ' ' 

' ' ■ ■ ' Delville.'SeJmie, nU'. ' 

I much fear my dearest sister has had some anxious 
honrs if not days on our account. How impatient have 
I been to let yori'know how happily and well we have 
performed our journey; and to crown all I was wel-" 
comed to Delville by your dear letter of the 14th instant— ' 
a fortunate omen. I wrote to you from Chester on ' 
Saturday last ths 28rtl, and sent that letter round about, 
fijT as yours did not come to me as it ought to do in time 
by the cross-post, I would not venture it that way. ' On" 
Sunday evening we removed from Chester to Part-Gate, 
in hopes of sailing nest morning early, but the wind wag 
contrary, and we were obliged to remain there all 
Monday. We were so lucky as to get a very clean, good 
lodging, and on Tuesday momiug went on board the 
yacht. Though the wind was not very fair, the weather 
was so good that the captain said we might make oar 
passage very well, which T thank God we did and landed ' 
yesterday between eight and nine. We did not come 
directly to Delville it being so late, but packed away bag 
and baggage and went to Mrs. Forde's, who expected us 
tu lie at her bouse; she is a very wellbred, friendly,' 
agreeable woman, and I was perfectly easy with her and 



had a most comfortable bed. On Tuesday the day was 
so fine that I sat on deck the whole day and eat a very 
good dinner and an egg for my supper, and worked 
and drew two or three sketches ; nothing could be more 
pleasant ; you would have been pleased and not the least 
afraid : but we went on slowly not having wind enough. 
In the evening the weather grew more favourable for our 
sailing, but made the ship roll, and we were very ill all 
night, and the next day till about 5, that they came to 
the cabin and said we were just entering the bay of 
Dublin ; upon which we got up, and were soon cured by 
the good weather and fair prospect of landing soon. 

This morning after breakfast we called on Barber, 
who was truly transported with seeing us ; she looks tole- 
rably well, and enquired very much after you and all 
my friends. My impatience to see Delville and read my 
dear sister's letter shortened my visit there, and we arrived 
at our own pleasant dwelling by 1 1,— •and never was seen 
a sweeter dwelling. I have traversed the house and gar- 
dens, and never saw a more delightful and agreeable place, 
but particulars must come by degrees, and I have now 
the joy of seeing the kind and generous owner of it per- 
fectly well, and well pleased to put me in possession. 

We are just going to dinner, and I must get all my 
letters ready to send before dinner, so that it is impossible 
for me to say the hundreth part of what my heart is full, 
and to thank you as I wish to do for your letter thai met 
me here, but I hope to have leisure when my head and 
afiairs are not so confused as they are at present to make 
a better return. Every tender word of my dearest sister's 
touches my heart, and is most Mthfully returned with 
the sincerest love, — a Idve that has increased with our 


years, and must and will still increase, T)o not sat/ lam 
"lost to you" — I cannot bear that expression, for I ara 
everywhere yours, and ready to assist and advise you on all 
occasions to the best of my power ; when absent, by the 
blessed means of writing we may assist esvch other and be 
a mutual support and delight, and many days and months 
I hope we Bball spend together. As soon as I examined 
my house to-day I laid out an apartment for you, and I 
hope soon you will provide the same for me at Welsbome. 
I shall wish to have you settle all aflairs there, r.nd to 
hear of your safe arrival at Gloucester . I hope my mother 
has not left you yet, but for fear she should I shall write 
a word or two to Mrs. Duneomb to let her know of 
my safe amval, that she may communicate it to my 
mother, to whom 1 shall write as soon as I know slie is at 
Gloucester. My love and blessing to the dear, bappy boy, 
tiiat flourishes under your care ; I don't apprehend you 
will be too indulgent, and you know the way to save your- 
self pain is to have a tlmrouijk cciiuiiand of your children 
when they are very young. My very kind service to Mr. 
Dewes and best duty to mama : the Dean joins with me 
in all I say, and ia yours most affectionately. 

Mn, Delnny to Mr$, Dewet, at BnwCey. 

Dublin, 12 July, 1744, 
I begin to my dear sister before my usual day, as I 
intend to enclose it to the Duke of Portland, and he is 
at Bulstrodc, which will make this letter a day or two 
longer in its progress. I am now in Dames Street 
waiting for the raree show of the city militia, who are 
all in their regimentals, and, they say, make a most 
gallant show ; but I am willing to secure a real pleasure 
to myself, therefore take this interval to write to my dear 




sister in the midst of so great # noise and hurry of 
people and coaches that I hardly know what I writ^. 
Before I lefb Delville this morning I wrote to my 
mother, and have directed it to Gloucester, supposing 
her by this time settled there, and I hope you are on 
the wing to Welsbourne. 

Last Simday I made my first appearance at St. War- 
bor's church. (I refer you to my mother's letter for 
more particulars). In the afternoon I had a great deal 
of company : the Bishop of Down * and his lady ; Mrs. 
Kelly (Mr. Kelly's wife, nephew to Sir John Stanley), 
an extremely pretty lively woman ; the eldest Miss Forth, 
and Miss Monck, sister to Harry Monck ; a Mrs. and 
Miss Fowkes ; and Mrs. Cope, a young widow. Monday 
morning waited three hours for the upholsterer, and set- 
tled some of my shells and papers. Miss Parker (the 
Curate's sister), and Miss Delany, a niece of the Dean's, 
dined with me ; both very modest pretty sort of women. 
I dressed in my airs for formal visits, and just as I was 
setting out Mr. and Mrs. Donnellan came in ; they made 
their visit short, and when they went away I made my 
visits in Dublin. I wish you had just such a chariot as 
ours, because I never went in so easy a one. Yesterday 
morning (for Tuesday I spent the whole day in settling 
shell and papers) my upholsterer came, and my new apart- 
ment will be very handsome. The drawing-room hung 
with tapestry, on each side of the door a japan chest, the 
curtains and chairs crimson mohair, betweeja the win- 
dows large glasses with gilt frames, and marble tables 
under them with gilt frames; the bedchamber within 
hung with crimson damask, bed chairs and curtains the 

' John Ryder, Bishop of Down and Connor, in 1743, translated to Arch- 
biahoprio of Tuam in 1752. Died 1775. 


same; the closet wifliin it is most delightful, I have a 
most extensive and beautiful prospect of the harbour 
and town of Dublin and a I'aoge of mountains of various 
shapes. This bedcliamber and closet are on the left 
hand of the drawinj; room ; on th© right is a very pretty 
square room, with a large dressing room within it, which 
I hope will be my dearest sister's apartment, when she 
makes me happy with licr company. 

I have described my house very awkwardly to you, hot 
to be regular : it stands on a rising ground, and the court 
is large enough for a coiLch-and-sis to drive round commo- 
diously. The front of tlie house is simple but pretty — 
five windows in front, two stories high, with a portico at 
the hall door, to wliich you ascend by six steps, but so 
well sheltered by the roof of the portico that it is secured 
from rain. The hati is 26 f. by 22, and 1 2 f. and | high, 
the ceiling finished in compartments, with a Doric entab- 
lature in stucco round tlie room. On the right hand is the 
eating piirlour, 26 f. long and 16 f, and ^ wide, witli 
a projection in the middle, which opens thirteen foot 
and is eight foot deep, with three windows, and large 
enough for two side-boards, one window between the 
tables and one at each side, which lights the room 
very agreeably t it is a very charming room, cool in 
summer and warm in winter ; the chimney is at one end 
and a window over against it ; on the left hand of the 
hall is another large room, which at present is unfinished 
but is dfsigiicd for a chapel when we are rich enoueh to 
finish it as we ought to do. At the end of the hall is a 
very neat stone stair-case, well finished with stucco, which 
leads to the apartment I have described above. Beyond 
the stair-case, below, is a little hall ; on the right hand is 
a small parlour, where we breakfast and sup, out of it 



our present bedchamber and a large light closet within 
it ; it is but a small apartment, but very pretty, and lies 
pleasantly to the gardens, and as we sit by the fire-side we 
can see the ships ride in the harbour. From the door of 
the little parlour are about ten steps that carry you to my 
English room, and another flight of the same stairs lead 
to the rooms over the little parlour, and bedchamber and 
the maids rooms, and serve for back stairs to the great 
apartment. I have been three times called from my letter 
to look at the militia, and really they are a noble sight, 
very well-looking men in regimentals ; three regiments 
well mounted and three of foot. It is a satisfaction to see 
so many brave men well prepared to defend us in case we 
stand in need of their assistance ; but if the news is true 
of Prince Charles of Lorraine's victory over the French 
and Hessians they may sheath their swords in peace. 
My head turns round with the tumult, and I am obliged 
to defer my description of the gardens till I have a better 
opportunity ; but I can never be so much taken up but I 
shall find time to tell my best and dearest of sisters that 
I am, with the greatest warmth of afiection, ever hers. 

I forgot to add, that out of my English room you go 
into the library, wliich is most plentifully fiUed, and D.D. 
has filled up the vacancies of my shelves with the modem 
poets nicely bound.* 

Mrs. Fortescue (Miss Wesley that was ') came in by 

> The Editor read this account of Delnlle to a lady who knew it well, who 
had hecn there in July, 1860, and who stated that it might still serve for a de- 
scription of that place ; also that she had seen quantities of shells in Iteapa, 
which had evidently heen palled down to repair or alter huildings ; but that the 
former possessors, Mr. and Mrs. Mallet, had with great care preserved some 
rooms as they were. 

> Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Richard Wesley (aAerwarda created Lord 
Momington), married, in 1743, Chichester Fortescue, of Dromiaken, county 
Louth, Esq., ancestor of the present Lord Clenooaty I860. 


accident to the liouse where I was tins morning to see 
the show, we were very glad to meet again. Sbe came to 
town just to see her son, and goes again to-morrow. She 
looks very well, and asked very particularly after you. 

The following ktter ia one of the very few found of Mrs. 
Granville's, and is interesting from tlio insight given into tho 
nuracry system of that day. Tho little Bernard alluded to waa 
then at a fama or cottage with hia nurac, whether ho was weened 
is douitful, but as he dined on hutltred tumijm it is not a matter 
of astoniahmeDt that he was often ill. 

Mrs. GranviUt to Mrs. Dfu-rt. 

Friday, 10 nt night 

I hope my dearest Nanny that your next letter will 
be dated from Wclsboume, that you'll soon dispatch your 
affairs there, for I long to have you with me where 
I hope you'll be cosy and free from bustle and fatigue, 
which at this time you should not have, and then we 
sliall be a comfort to each uther whatever disorders 
attend us. I have had Dr. Capell with me two or three 
times, and have been taking some medicines he prescribed 
twice a day. Yesterday I had the pleasure of seeing 
my little Banny who is the fairest thing I ever saw, and 
very lively ; he was with me by nine o'clock, and staid 
till five, eat buttered turnips for kis dinner heartily, and 
a moss, of milk and bread before he set out again. In my 
opinion he is not like father, mother, or brother, buf the 
picture of your poor brother Bevil ; be is hut a small child 
but tall and well-proportioned, the finest skin I ever 
saw, and of his hair I shall enclose a lock for you to 6ee. 
Mrs. Peters and the nurse send their .duty, and the 
former says she (and her husband) dread the time of 




your taking him away from them. Mrs. Pitt's child was 
made a Xtian at the bishop's palace to-day, his lordship 
was godfather, Mr. John Webb the other, and little Mrs. 
Webb godmother. 

Mrs. Viney made me go from church to-day to dine 
with her, which is the first visit I have made to any- 
body, she is heartily yours, so are her daughters ; Mr. 
Hays was there and Smith, and we had a good deal of 
music vocal and instrumental. Mrs. Duncomb was here 
yesterday, and cards tlte entertainment. Mrs. Gaudinau 
has quarrelled with the H's, so they don't now meet at 
aU, and they are sadly put to it for parties at play, 


Mrs. Peters has been here, and tells me your little 
boy got home safe, and is very well. I thank you for our 
" dear PearVs " letter with the welcome news of health, 
which she shows by the spirit she writes with; by her. 
discription Delville is a charming place. And now I 
can add no more, but beg you to make haste to her 
that cannot express with how much affection she is 


M. Granville. 

My compliments to Mapleborough, who I hope are 
well ; you surprised me with the wedding that is to 
be |it your house. 

Mrs. Ddany to Mrs. Dewes, at Bradley, 

Delville, 19 July, 1744. 

I have received my dearest sister's letters dated the 
30th of June, the 6th and 7 th of this month. It is not to 


be expressed how happy they have made nip, especially as 
I have the satisfaction of knowing your fears are over 
for me; for I could have no real enjoyment of any 
thing while I thought you were anxious about me. 
I wish you were at Gloucester, for I think you have 
deferred going to Wetsboume a vast while, and fear 
the fatigue will be too much for you ; don't settle any 
part but om room for yourself; the rest you may do at 
your return. I want to know a million of particulars 
about it, but desire you to defer that for your winter 
evenings' amusements. I must now write to my mother 
and the old Countess, who has wrote two very kind letters 
to me, and I expect the upholsterer every minute to put 
my furniture in the new apartment. I wish I had sent 
you more, for this house is so full it will hardly hold what 
I have brought. You may have seen D.D. mentioned 
in the newspapers for the bishopric of Ferns, but I hope 
it will not be offered him, at least not these two months, 
for till then he will nut be entitled to the rents of Down, 
and it will do us more harm than good, and tlie income is 
not better. I wrote to my brother last post a very long 
and kind letter, with an account of things here, and an 
invitation to be a witness and sharer, of my happiness — 
(such a letter as you may imagine) but I should not 
have wrote after what is past without the consent of 
I>.D., whose generosity and tenderness for me will not 
let him oppose any thing that gives me satisfaction : 
it is the second letter I have wrote to my brother. But I 
have not yet received one Une from him.' 


:, ant! those wliich precede it, inove tlmt Mr. Granville had 
iiot <;ot ovor Lis objections to his sister's mama};ewilh Dr. Delany, and that 
nlthough they were on speaking t«ima, and met in Ijondon, that there was no 



I believe I have received all your dear letters safe ; 
those directed to Chester were all sent after me. I hope 
mine have had as good success in their progress. I 
have had letters from almost all my considerable corre- 
spondents in England, wliich famish me with abun- 
dance of employment. I shall be glad when I have 
time for sketches, but I believe that can hardly be this 
year; I have had twenty visitors already, and have re- 
turned but two. I wish I could give you an idea of our 
garden^ but the describing it puzzles me extremely ; the 
back part of the house is towards a bowling-green, that 
slopes gently off down to a little brook that runs through 
the garden ; on the other side of the brook is a high bank 
with a hanging wood of ever-greens, at the top of which 
is a circular terrace that surroimds the greatest part of the 
garden, the wall of which is covered with fruit-trees, and 
on the other side of the walk a border for flowers, and the 
greatest quantity of roses and sweet briar that ever I 
saw ; on the right hand of the bowling-green towards the 
bottom is placed our hay-rick, which is at present 
making, and from our parlour-window and bedchamber I 
can see the men work at it, and have a full view of what 
I have described; and beyond that pleasant meadows, 
bounded by mountains of various shapes, with Uttle vil- 
lages and country-seats interspersed and embosomed high 
in tufted trees: to complete the prospect a full view 
of Dublin harbour, which is always frdl of shipping, and 

cordiality, and that Mrs. Delany considered Dr. Delany so much aggrieved that 
she would not have written to her brother without his sanction. The letter 
from Chester did not contain any message to Mr. Granville, though she and the 
Dean had been at Calwich to visit her mother (Mrs. Granville) and Mrs. Dewes. 
It is therefore evident that Mr. Granville was absent^ and Uiat fact might of 
itself account for her aUuaion to the **pa§t/' 

OP MRS. DELANY. . 315 

looka at tliis instant beiiutiful beyond all description : 
these are the views from the house next the gardens. On 
the left hand of the bowling-green is a terrace-walk that 
takes in a sort of a parterre, that will make the prettiest 
orangery in the world, for it is an oval of green, planted 
round in double rows of elm-trees and flowering shrubs, 
with little grass walks between thcra, -which %vill give a 
good shelter to exotics. The terrace I just mentioned 
is bounded at one end by a wall of good fruit, in which 
there is a door that leads to another very large hand- 
some terrace-walk, witli double rows of large elms, and 
the walk well gra,velled, so tliat we may waUc securely in 
any weather. On the left hand, the ground rises very 
considerably, anil is planted with aU sort of trees. About 
half way up the walk there is a path that goes up that 
bank to the remains of an old castle (as it were), from 
whence there Ir aa unbouuded prospect all over tho 
country : under it is a cave that opens with an arch to 
the terrace-walk, tJiat will make a very pretty grotto ; and 
the plan I had liiid for ray brothers at Calwich (this being 
of that shape, though not quite so large) I shall execute 
here. At the end oi' this terrace is a very pretty portico, 
prettUy painted within and neatly finished without ; you 
go up a high slope to it, which gives it a mighty good air 
as you come up the walk : from thenee you go on the right 
hand to the green terrace I mentioned at first, which 
takes in the whole compass of this garden ; in the middle, 
sloping from the ternice, every way, are the fields, or 
rather paddocks, where our deer and our cows are kept, 
and the rurality of it is wonderfully pretty. These fields 
are planted in a wild way wiih forest-trees arid with biLshes, 
tliat look so naturally you would not imagine it the work 





of art. Besides this, there is a very good kitchen-garden 
and two fruit-gardens, which, when proper repairs are 
made and they are set in order, will afford us a sufficient 
quantity of every thing we can want of that kind. 
There are several prettinesses I can't explain to you — 
little wild walks, private seats, and lovely prospects. 
One seat particularly I am very fond of, in a nut grove, 
and " the beggar s hut,'' which is a seat in a rock ; on the 
top are bushes of all kind that bend over : it is placed at 
the end of a cunning wild path, thick set with trees, and 
it overlooks the brook, which entertains you with a purling 
rill. The little robins are as fond of this seat as we 
are : it just holds the Dean and myself, and I hope in 
God to have many a tete-a-tete there with my own dear 
sist' ; but I have had such a hurryof business within 
doors, and so many visitors, that I have not spent half 
so much time in this sweet garden as I want to do. 

I am afraid this will prove an incomprehensible descrip- 
tion ; but if it does but whet your desire of seeing it, 
that is sufficient for me. Monday I invited all the 
Barber^ race, and our good old friend, though she had the 
gout upon her and was forced to be lifted out upon 
mens shoulders, came, and was deHghted with my new 
room, and seemed very happy to see me mistress of this 
charming place. She has a true sense of your worth, and 
we never meet but she talks incessantly of the " lovely 
pearly Dewes^ 

Poor Mira (Barber) is a melancholy drooping young 
woman, and I wish a prospect of her being well settled ; 

Mrs. Barber, of Glasnevin, was the tame Mrs. l^rber so often mentioned 
as the poetess so much patronized by Dean S\nft, who visited England to obtain 
subscribers for her productions. 


but I hear of none. To-day I expect a niece of Dr. 
Belany's, his brother's daugliter ; I liave asked her to 
epend a few days here ; she seems a pretty sort of 
yoang woman. I ara ara:ized already to he come to the 
eighth page, and I could most willingly add eight more, 
hut time will not servo, and I must finish with assuring 
you of D.D.'s tender rei^ard and my everlasting love. 

M. D. 
I hope you received my letter of last Thursday (militia 
day). I am uneasy not to hear from Sally; I hope she 
is well. She wiU ^vant an account of Delville ; I have 
not time at present to send her one. If you see her 
read her what you think w-ill entertain her. Adieu. 

Mn. Dtlii.y h M'n. Dcwet, nt Sra/Ilr;/, *ir. 

Deldllo, 2ft July, 1741. 

My dearest sister, who warms my heart eveiy moment 
of my life, must know how precious this day' is to me ; 
how ardent my wishes are for her happiness, that I may 
long be blest with such a friend, and that length of days 
may be a blessing to her I D.D, and I have solaced 
ourselves with discoursing of you early this morning, and 
joined in kind thoughts of and wishes for our loved and 
lovely J'earlt/ Dewis.' 1 was rejuiceJ witliyoui' last dear 
letter of the 1 :2th July, last Tuesday the 24th, which had 
the winds favoured my impatient wishes, would sooner 

I Jiilj' 2'!, -Vim HraTivillc's woltling-iiay, 

= T/i-- l'>nd was n n\im ^ivcn to Mra. Dolany by the Dean. And Pearly 
Aiw(vr l)i!\v Drf)[i) was a name they both ap|ilicd to Mrs. Dewee, whose 
jKirtr.iit ;;iv('S an '\<\va that Uio countenance and coraple.^ion well deserved 
Biich an ai'iielbtjon. 




have reached mj hands. A thousand thanks for the 
particular account you give me of yourself. I am very glad 
you have been blooded/ for with so much bustle as you 
must go through the blood cannot but be a little heated- 
I am impatient for a letter from Welsboume. Some of 
your questions I have already answered. The solitude of 
Bradley was really too much for a sociable spirit to bear, and 
I shall be happy to have you in a neighbourhood where 
you may have some conversation a little better suited 
to your own, which I hope will be the case at Welsboume, 
at least you will have^ a comfortable house, and that is 
a main article for happiness to those who know so well 
how to enjoy home and make it pleasant to your friends. 
D.D. had institution last Tuesday from the Bishop of 
Down, and has taken out his patent, so now he is a Dean 
in all the forms ; we propose setting out for Down on 
Monday se'night, please God he is well. I hope we shall 
have a pleasant jaunt, but I believe it is too late, and the 
days will be too much shortened, to think of going so far 
northward as the Giants' Causeway, which is above fifty 
miles from Down. Miss Forth (that lived with Mrs. 
Clayton), is now with her sister Hamilton ; they are in our 
road to Down, and we design making them a visit in tiie 
way. To-day we are to dine with Mrs. Ford. We hav6 
killed a second buck — I never saw finer venison ; it would 
have grieved me to have any of my pretty herd killed, bad 
they not been two mischievous old rogues that have almost 
killed the rest with their great unruly horns. What a 
thing must Miss Knightly be that could be enamoured 

^ The constant bleeding that was resorted to at the period of these letters, 
renders it almost marvellous that anybody ever passed the age of forty, and 
prevents all surprise at the frequency of deaths after illness. 


with Searebrains? The pleasure you take in " P Oak"^ 
pleases the Dean excessively, who is never happier than 
when he contributes to the pleasure of his frieDds. I have 
at present no folio paper iu my possession but what ia so 
thick it is not fit for carriage ; but I write my words so 
much closer than yon do, that I believe I have as many 
words in a quarto as you have in a folio, and I am sure 
I have not wrote above three sides to any one besides, and 
those in mj/ Iwge fiand. I expected a great deal of busi- 
ness, but not so much as I find ; I have workmen of 
all sorts in the house — upholsterers, joiners, glaziers, and 
carpenters — and am obliged to watch tliem all, or their 
work would be but ill-finished ; and I have not been one 
day without company since I came, I have a young 
woman now in the house with me. Miss Delany, very 
lively and good-humoured, and very ready to assist rae 
in anything I want to have done. I propose having her 
a good deal, as I behove it may be some advantage to 
her, and at present I see nothing in her but what ia 
very agreeable. Friday and Saturday last I visited, and 
Sunday we had company dined with us, and in the after- 
noon Lady Bell Monck,* Mr, Monck, and Miss Kelly 
came to make us a visit ; they came twenty miles to pay 
us that compliment ; Lady Bell is handsomer, hut has the 
same pert Mm Notable behaviour she used to have, but 
was very civil ; they walked in the garden, and she had 
no eyes nor understanding to see that it was nota common 
viihjar (jarden, and she did not commend anything she saw 
— all the pearls were thrown away ! On Monday eight 

1 Prokilily an allusion to soino poem ol Dr. Delany'a on the old oaki of 
' Lajly Idabulla BeBtinck, married in 1739 to Henry Monck, Esq, 



gentlemen dined here, old friends of the Dean's. Mr. 
Steward was one whom I mentioned to you at Chester, 
and a Mr. Ludlow, a very ingenious gentleman with a 
vast deal of humour, but so reduced by the gout that 
he was carried in and out on men's shoulders : he is very 
musical and understands painting, and D.D., who displays 
all my little talents to their best advantage, drew many 
compliments from him on my score. Last Tuesday we 
dined at the Bishop of Down's : Mrs. Rider, his lady, is a 
very pretty sort of woman, and a great friend of Lady 
North's. I am always in haste to fly home, and as soon as 
we return put on my walking-dress and away we go to the 
garden, and though you complain so much of the weather 
in England, there have past few days but what we have 
been able to spend some time in the garden. Yesterday 
I indulged myself at home all day, and had our neighbours 
the yoimg Barbers. Mr. Parker and his sister came to eat 
venison with us, they were kept for the evening, and sung 
and were very merry. I remembered it was the eve of 
one of my great festivals ;^ and I kept it with a double 
pomp of gladness. Adieu ; every tender thought and 
wish of the lAost affectionate heart attends you. 

ilfrs. Ddany to Mrs. Dewes^ at Wellesboum, near Kineton, Warwick^ 


Delville, 28th August, 1744. 

What joyful news was it to me to hear of my most 
dear sister's safe arrival at Welsboume, where I hope she 
will enjoy every blessing her heart can wish for and be as 
happy as she makes all around her ! I am at present in 

> *' Afy great festivaisJ* Alluded to Ann Granville's marriage. 


a great hnny, for at last we are obliged to go to Down, 
The Dean thoaght his presence might have been dispensed 
with, but upon examination finds there are forms that 
cannot be done by proxy, so to-morrow, please God, we 
set out for Down. The roads are excellent, the 
weather very good for travelling, and I hope the journey 
will be pleasant ; the seeing of new places is entertaining, 
and we are going into such a hospitable country, that 
we shall not lie at an inn all the way. To-morrow we lie 
at Dunleer, which is twenty-five miles from hence, at Mr, 
Hamilton'8, that married Miss Forth ; and lier sister Miss 
Mary Forth, that was with Mrs. Clayton, is now with 
her, which will be very agreahle to me. Tliere I believe 
we shall rest a day. We are to take up our residence for 
the time we stay in the North, at Dr. Mathews's a clergy- 
man of a very singular good character, a, most hospitable 
generous man : his house is near Down ; and Mr. Porde, 
Mrs. F.'a eldest son, lives in that neighbourhood. If I 
could be reconciled to leaving Delville I should be very 
well pleased with this little pilgrimage, but I own 1 
leave it for a day with regret. We shall take this oppor- 
tunity of having our house whitewashed, and some part 
painted, and many other finisliings which we are now very 
busy in giving directions about. We don't propose making 
a longer stay than a fortnight, but as it is above seventy 
miles from hence our letters may be a little tedious in their 
passage, so I beg you will not be uneasy if you don't 
hear as regularly as you used to do. By the time you re- 
ceive this and answer it, I hope to be at home agam. 




Mrs, Many to Mrs, Dewes^ at Oloucester, 

Mount PaQther, 10 SepU^ 1744. 

After many tedious days' expectation arrived my 
dearest sister's letter dated the 19th August finished on 
the 20th. This letter I hope will find my dearest sister 
safely reposed at Gloucester; I believe it is time you 
shou'd be there, but I could not expect it much sooner 
as you have had so much to settle. Your house describes 
agreeably, and when it is graced by your presence and 
your good fancy, it will be delightful. Happy will be 
the hour when my eye sees what now I only can have 
an imperfect idea of, but I am glad to know every 
corner of your house and how you appropriate it, 
that I may follow your steps from place to place. 
Your orchard is charming, and so is your walk to church. 
I shall take it extremely ill if you rob Court* of his pictures ; 
all but Summer and Faustina's pictures are his^ and to be 
hung up in his nursery. I wrote to you the Saturday' I 
arrived here, which was this day se'night — with an account 
of our having been at Down Patrick. Last Monday we 
dined at Mr. Forde's, three miles from hence, a very 
pleasant place and capable of being made a very fine 
one ; there is more wood than is common in this country, 
and a fine lake of water with very pretty meadows. The 
house is situated on the side of a hill, and looks down 
on his woods and water. The house is not a very good 
one, but very well fill'd; for he has ten children, the 
youngest about 10 years old, — but that's a moderate family 
to some in this country. In the afternoon came in two 

» ** Court.** The eldest son of Mrs. Dewes. 

' " The Saturday I arrived here.** This letter has not been found. 

OP Mlta. DELANT. ^8 

ladies who had been to see me at Dr. Mathews's, and 
missiDg me followed. One is a Mrs. Aniiesly* (a relation 
to the present disputants), she is daufjhter to my Lord 
Tyrone, such another slatternly ignorant hoyden I never 
saw, and the worst of it is she is very good-humoured, but 
wtU be fdmiliiir: her husband is very like the Duke of 
Bedford, and well enough. The other lady is a Mrs. BayUs, 
a handsome sprightly woman, well behaved, with a little 
dash of a fine lady. Her husband, a genteel ^reeable man, 
brother to Sir Nicholas Baylis, that married the Paget, a 
dei^yman very well esteemed in the neighbourhood. On 
Tuesday the Fordes dined liere ; and on AVedaesday Mr. 
and Mrs. Mathews of Newcastle, about six miles from 
hence. The whole family of the Fordes arc religious, 
worthy people. On Friday we dined at Newcastle at 
Mr. Mathews's : it is situated at the foot of a range of 
mountains so high that they are at top seldom free from 
clouds, and the water has made a winding channel and 
falls down in a cascade ; the main ocean bounds them on 
one side and is so near them that the spray of the sea wets 
them as they stand at the hall-door. On the other hand of 

' Lady Anne De la Poer Beresford, married in 1738, William AnDealey, 
1st Visco\iDt Glemwloy. Sir Marcua Bercgford, Bart,, married, July 16, 1717, 
Catherine Poer, BarouesB de la Poer in her own right, only child and heir of 
James, 3rd Earl of Tyrouo. Her husband waa created in 1720, Barun Beres- 
ford, Viscount Tyrone, and in 1746, Earl ol Tyrone. He waa the ancestor 
of the Waterford and Deciea families. His eldest daughter, married, in 1788, 
William Annealey, 1st Viscount Glerawley, and ancestor of tlie Karls of An- 
nesley. When a commoner, he was a claimant for tLe titles of Earl of Angle- 
sey and Viscount Valentia. 

"' Sir Nicholas Bayley, Bart., of I'lilsnewydd, Isle of Anglcsea, North Wales, 
married Caroline, daugliter and heiress of Brigadier-General Thomas Paget, 
}j;randRon of William, 5th Baron Paget. Plianewydd is now the property 
(l^iGO) oS the Dowager Lady Willoughby de Broke, daughter of Sir John 
Williams, of Bodelwyddan, Bart. 

Y 2 





them are hills, fine meadows, winding rivers, and a variety 
of pretty objects for so bare a country of trees, though 
on the side of the mountains there axe scattering shrubby 
woods which make the view pleasant. This country is 
famous for the goat's whey ; and at the season for drinking 
it, which is summer, a great deal of company meet for that 
purpose, and there are little huts built up for their recep- 
tion, and they have music and balls and cards, and happy 
are the family at Newcastle* when that season comes, for 
there are thirteen sons and daughters, most of them never 
out of that part of the country. Mr. Mathews is an 
attorney, has a very good fortune, is a good sort of man ; 
his wife a sensible agreeable woman, and has brought up 
all her children extremely well — they are as decent and 
as healthy a family as ever I saw ; and to make up the 
company, at the head of them are placed both Mr. and 
Mrs. Mathews's mothers ; old Mrs. Mathews is eighty- 
seven years of age, and the most venerable fine figure I ever 
saw, and as apprehensive as a woman of five-and-twenty. 
A lady that went to see her this summer found her darn- 
ing fine cambrick ; her hearing is a little impaired. 

There was something so extraordinary in the appearance 
of the family, and the situation of the place, that I was 
extremely entertained with my visit. Mr. Mathews waited 
for us at the door with his fishermen, and as soon as we 
arrived had the net thrown into a river near his house 
and took a large draught of fine salmon trout ; the son 
shining on them made them quite beautiful. 

On Saturday we dined at Mr. Annesly's ;* it was a mere 

^ " On the south lide of Dundrum Bay ia the watering-place of Newcastle, 
formerly called Black Rock, adjoining which ia the reaideucti of the Earl of 

OF Mils. DELANT, 325 

rabbk rout. Yesterday the Dean preached at Down, and 
we womeu went to Dr. Mathews's church two miles off, 
— a very pretty church and full congregation. We were 
invited and dined at Mr. Baylis' about a small mUe from 
hence. They live in what is allied in this country " a 
cabin" — that is a house of one Hoor and tliatched ; it is 
situated very near the sea, with a pretty neat court before 
it : the outside promises very little, but the inside is quite 
elegant, as much as I saw of it, which was the hall, a 
large parlour, drawing-room and bed chamber. We were 
very handsomely entertained. Tliere is a Mrs. Murray, 
a cousin-german of Mrs. Baylis, tliat is now with them, — 
a very sensible agreeable woman, and a great proficient 
in miniature painting; the likeness of her portraits, of 
which she showed me a great number, I was no Judge of, 
I did not know the persons for whom tliey were drawn, 
but they are prettily pencilled, and some of her land, 
scapes are really fine. 

The weather is so excessively bad that I don't believe 
we shall be able to set out to-morrow for home as we de- 
signed ; not that we have anything to apprehend from 
the roads, for I never travelled such fine roads as are all 
over this country, but I sliall be afraid of the Dean's tra- 
velling in damp weather. D.D. is very busy in making 
a plan for the Deanery House. He is very much shocked 
at the present jail at Down, and is determined to have it 
altered, and to have one built with different apartments for 
men and women, and a chapel ; he gives a hundred pounds 
towards it, and endows the chapel with twenty pounds 
a year for a clorgynian to give them divine service, and 
is finishing and beautifying the church, which will be very 
liandsorae when done. I shall be very well pleased to have 





him continue in this scene till he has accomplished all 
his good designs ; I must dress, company dines here. 

In 1849 Frazer gave the following account : — " Proceeding from 
Castlewellan to Downpatrick, there is an undulating country, and 
at three and a half miles Mount Panther, the residence of J. Bced 
Allen, Esq., and five miles further the village of Clough — a mile 
north from which is the village and demesne of Seaford, the latter 
the fine residence of Lady Harriet Forde. Downpatrick, the 
county town of Down, returns a member of Parliament, and as the 
name imports tJie hill of St.' Patrick^ is said to be the most ancient 
town in Ireland. It is situated near the head of Lough Starangfbrd, 
built on an undulating surface, and encircled by a series of low hills. 
" Slieve-na-griddle (414 feet) is about two miles and a half east 
from the town, and not far from its base are Strucl, or as they are 
sometimes called St. Patrick's Wells, where at midsummer many 
persons resort from various parts of Ireland to do penance, and to 
partake of the supposed sanative qualities of the waters. St. 
Finian's Well is near the race-course, on the south of the town. A 
little to the west of Downpatrick, near the road to Clough, is Holly 
Mount, the seat of Mr. Forde." 

The following original letter from Dr. Salter ' is here inserted in 
its chronological order. 

Mr. Samud Salter to Mrs. Dewes. 

Madam September 11th, 1744. 

I have seldom met with a more pleasant request, in 
whatever light it is viewed. I am the gayest man upon 
earth. I come hither for two months, only three-fifths 
of which time is gone. I shall leave Glocester the first 
day of October, and fly on the wings of impatient love 

1 Saniuel Salter, D.D., a learned divine and a prebendary of Gloucester. He 
published sereral sermons, &c., and died 1778. 


into Lincolnshire. I shall not be here again this twelve- 
month be sure, perhaps not these two years ; and you 
auk the gay man for fjrave bot^ks j you suppose the man 
whose stay is only two months has his whole library 
with him, and you expect to borrow of one whom you 
cannot see again for so long a time. But there is some- 
thing so wild in your note that I consider it as a bur- 
lesque only upon mine ; for if you want books, who so 
able, so ready, or bo willing to supply you as our friend 
Jack Newton? You arc again mistaken in me, and 
seem to have heard but lialf my story, which is a wonder 
too 5 for I have taken a deal of pains, or rather a deal of 
pleasure, to tell it all. Tlie verses I quoted are only 
applicable to a lover in doubt and fear ; lam safe in port, 
and when I go from hence I go to be married. The 
joy, therefore, which lightens from my eyes never sickens 
with desire and dies, but, on the contrary, brightens 
with the assurance nf sucoe-is nnd tlu' prns])cct of pos- 
session, and lives and acquires fresh brightness and spirit 
every hour, every moment, as witness my hand this 11th 
day of September, 1744. g^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

P.S. Seriously, I have gotten only three books which 
I can make you an offer of: one is FonteneUe's Dia- 
logues of the Dead (Fr. prose), another Fontaine's 
Fables (Fr. verse), and the third is entitled A "Wedding 
Ring fit for the Finger, or the Salve of Divinity on 
the Love of Humanity ; laid open in a Sermon at a 
Wedding, by William Seeker,' &c. This last I am fallen 

' " A Wedding lling fit for tbe Finger ; or, the Palvc of Dirinity on the Score 
of Hiiiiianilj :" a Sermon at a Wedding, by William Seeker, preacher of the 
Gospel at Tewkesbury. Published in 1658. 




in love with upon two accounts : the subject is particu- 
larly interesting to me at tliis time, the manner of 
handling it is most entertaining, and which is better 
than all, the author is of the same name and family with 
the lady who has already made me the happiest man on 
earth, and will soon make me the happiest in the universe. 
If you would see this last pray let me know it, and you 
shall have it for a day or so, but I will not trust it out of 
my hands longer ; and indeed if I did not know how to 
spend my time much better than in reading when I am 
happy in the company of ladies, I should insist on read- 
ing it to you myself. I am, with compliments and 
respects of every proper kind, and the wishes, moreover, 
of the season to you, madam. 

Your most obedient humble serv*, 


P.S. 2nd. 'Tis a sign you know me very little that you 
will dare Mnrite to me, for none dare but they who know 
me very much and they who scarce know me at all. 

P.S. 3rd. Either of the French books you may have for 
as long as you please. This letter has three postscripts. 

I must add a 4th P. S. by way of remark on your last 
words, which are so curious as to fetch more last uxrrds 
out of m£. You can hear Night Thoughts, you say, and 
bid me remember it. Oh ! there is no sort of danger of 
my forgetting it while the request preferred in your last 
remains in my memory, for I can hardly think you were 
all awake when you thought of it. I do insist upon it, 
the expression in the Night Thoughts is affectedly labored 
into obscuritp; that the sentiments are but pompous 
trifling and magnificent commonplace^ and that the mo* 


rality of ihemis false and highly iinbecommg a philoso- 
pher and a divine to inculcate, and nothing could excuse 
him on this hesid but the piety of his amclusion, which, 
however, ia very ill built on Aw premises. It is not true 
nor right to argue thus : " This world is a scene of misery, 
therefore let us look for another and better ;" but it ia 
both right and true to say — "Let us look for another and 
better world, and then we shall be able to go through 
this with comfvrt aitd content, even though it should prove 
to be a scene of misery and a vale of tears !" You made 
me miss church, so I wrote all this side out of spite. 

Mm. Ddany to Mrs. Dfweg, aX Qlttwxstrr, 

DeWille, 23 Sept. 1744. 

I thank God, my dearest sister, that you are safe at 
Gloucester, and I trust with a thorough confidence that I 
shall hear more happy news of yon by the beginning of 
October. I am ricli with three folios of your precious letters, 
but am poor in time ; for upon my return home visitors, 
and tradespeople have encompased me, and I can't say an 
hour is ray own : but by my next turn of writing I hope 
to be at leisure to reassume a fohosheet of paper. 

I am excessively obliged to you for your particular 
account of your house and all its appurtenances, and your 
neighbourhood, all which gives me great contentment, 
and will afford you I hope many years of satisfaction. 
You cannot more eagerly wish to see the Magician and 
his Nymph at Welsboume than they wish to see it, and 
they will both be ready to enter into a consultation to im- 
prove a place so well inhabited ; and as we are both in our 
natures busy people, it will be impossible not to scheme 




where there are such good materials to work upon. We 
returned from the North on Thursday ; dined and lay one 
night at Mr. Hamilton's : I was sorry to make so short 
a visit to such an agreeable family, but our workmen were 
waiting at home for us. My English room is quite un- 
furnished again and under the painter s hands. I have 
had it painted a sort of olive, somewhat lighter than my 
brother's, for the sake of my pictures, and because the room 
is very light. I have had the frieze painted with festoons 
of flowers and shells alternate, and you can't imagine 
what a pretty effect it has ; as soon as the room is dry, 
which will be about a fortnight hence, I shall be very 
busy in replacing my goods. We now live in our great 
parlour, which is a most comfortable room. Oh that I 
could bring you and our dearest mama, etc. to this dwelling 
with a wish I You should have a very snug apartment 
for your purpose, and I should have the happiness of at- 
tending you as usual, but this is chimerical and at present 
impossible. I am very glad my mother is so much better. 
I pray God give her many happy years! I shall not 
answer her dear kind letter yet, because I would have her 
quite easy about not writing to me. She has been ex- 
cessively good, and I am sure I am with the tenderest 
affection her most obedient daughter. 

The Dean bids me say in answer to your challenge that 
the author of Tar Water * is so well qualified to d^ with 

1 **Sisi8, a ChaiD of Philosophical Reflectioos and Enquiries coDoerning the 
Virtues of Tar Water. By Dr. Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne. Sold by M. Cooper, 
price !».'*( 1 744). Bishop Berkeley declares it to be a sovereign remedy against 
all the ills that flesh is heir to. His receipt was, 1 gallon of cold water to 1 quart 
of tar, stirred well with a ladle for three or four minutes, then left to stand 
forty-eight hours, and the clear water poured off for uro, no more being made 
from the same tar. In a pamphlet from the auihor of Stris to T. P., Esq., he 


his adversaries that he wants no second, and so poor an 
epigram can only bring a reflection on the silly publisher. 
His most affectionate ser\-ice attends the Pearly Dewes, with 
his constant prayers for her welfare- As to your question 
about the northern journey, he says I was the occasion of 
its being put off; but it' was to comply with my fears about 
his health, and not on my own account. He has been 
very busy all this morning iti cleaning and trimming 
the Pearly Deioes's Bower. It is provoking to have so many 
charming letters of yours to anawer and not have time to 
say a word more. Y have had a letter from my brother ; he is 
mightily delighted with Gleg : and I have had a letter 
from my dear Princess. Now I finish with duty, love and 
service, as due, from your ever affectionate 

Mri. Delany to Mrs, Deires, at WellttbouTnr, iwmr Ktmlon, Warwick- 

(A fragment,) withont data. 
" How I could run on, but must not. I am called to 
range dishes on my table, which is a long one, and con- 
sequently easier to set out than a roond or oval one. 
The table takes seven dishes in length. Here follows my 
bill of fare for to-day ; is not this ridiculous ? but if you 
wander still unseen, it may serve aa an amusement in 
your retirement. 

First Course. Second Coune. 

Turkeys eruhve^ Partridge 

Boyled neck of mutton Sweet breads 

says, " As the old philosopliera cried aloiid from the house-tops, ' Educate 
yiinr childn'ii,' su I confess, if I had a situation high enough and a voice load 
enough, I would cry out to all Talctndinarians upon earth, ' JDrink tar waUr.' " 
' Query Endive. — Turkey with Endive. 



First Course. Second Course. 

Greens, &c. Collared pig 

Soup Creamed apple tart 

Plum-pudding. Cmbs 

Boast loin of veal Fricassee of eggs 

Venison pasty. Pigeons. 

No dessert to be had. 

The arrangement of the above bill of fare is very curious, as well 
as the combination of collared pig and venison pasty with hot 
meats for dinner. This list of viands for an ordinary dinner is 
probably a fair sample of what Mary Granville in her first visit to 
Ireland alluded to, when she mentioned ** always seven dishes of 
meaJtr or " eight dishes of meat'* 

The Duchess of Portland writes to Lady Throckmorton, dated 
** Bulstrode, Dec. 15, 1744," to say that her spirits had been much 
sunk by Lady Oxford's illness, who, however, was then recovered. 
She also gives the news that the Duke of Bedford was to be head 
of the Admiralty and the Duke of Somerset to be made Earl of 
Northumberland, to descend to Sir Charles Windham with the estate 
the Duchess of Somerset^ settled upon him. 

An interval of three months here occurs, during which period 
Sir John Stanley died.' 

Mr$. Ddany to Mrs. Dewes, 

Delville, the third day of the new year, 


It is needless to repeat how warmly my heart wishes 
you, my dearest sister, all happiness this year and many 
succeeding ones. The Dean joins me in every tender 

1 Lady Elizaheth Percy, 

» Died, Doceinher, 1744, Sir John Stanley, Bart., one of the Commissioners 
of the Customs, aged 85. 


wish. Tour letter of the 1 Cth December is come safe. 
What yoa say of Sir John Stanley is very just. 
I have the satisfactory consciousness of having acted 
a right part tmrards him ; I have from my childhood 
received many favours, and to the day of my death 
shall gratefully remember him ; but my brother has 
had it more in his power to shew his regard, and for 
many years we know gave up the world for his sake, 
and I own he deserved to be more distinguished. There 
can be no mistake iu t!ie liuudred pound left you, for Mr. 
Charles Moock sent nie a copy of the wUl, where he says 
he leaves that sum to " Miss Ann Granville, sister 
to Mrs. Pendarves." W.M. had not the manners to 
give my brother notice either of Sir J. Stanley's sickness 
or death, or me ; he will be obliged to sell Northend ; 
I wish it may be bought l>y somebody I love, but I would 
Father have it in the possession of anybody than W.M. 
You may remcinbcr tliat the basons and covers that are 
left me had disht;s boloiiging to tliom ; I suppose poor 
Sir J. did not think it necessary to mention them, as they 
belonged to the dishes, but W.M. told my brother the 
basons were left me, but not the dishes, it will be in 
character if he separates them, as I don't doubt he will. 

Who is at Bradley, and how are aU your friends at 
Mapleborough ? I have had a long letter from my 
mother ; I find she is very weak in her limbs, and fear 
tliat is an infirmity will increase upon her. The ingeni- 
ous and agreeable Letty ' is still with me, thanks to the 
winds that have kept back her clothes ; as soon as they 
arrive away she flies into the country sixty miles off to 

1 Lctltk Bushe, often meatiotwd in Mra. FendaTTes*i first visit to IkIaiuI. 



Lady Anne Magill, ' a sister of Lord Damley's. She 
will be a great loss to me ; she is one of the few who is 
perfectly qualified for an agreeable companion in a 
domestic way ; her sweetness of temper makes her give 
into all one's ways as if she chose to do whatever is 
proposed ; her other agreeable and engaging talents you 
have long been acquainted with; she paints for me 
in the morning and draws in the evening, which 
with reading, prating, walking, backgammon and puss in 
the comer employ the hours of the day and evening so 
fully that we do not feel how fisist they fly. Our concerts 
are begun again and are to be continued every Tuesday, 

Mrs. Ddany to Mrs, Dewes. 

Delville, 10 Jan. 1744-5. 

Bushe is still with me, and Miss Parker and a little 
girl a Mend of Miss Delany's. This is by way of pre&ce 
to a short letter ; as you know when one's house is full 
of company, time is unaccountably swallowed up. Besides, 
I have been for two hours writing out a long list of 
affidrs for D.D.'s lawyers. Yet I must write to my 
most dear sister, and thank her for her delightful letters, 
dated the 22nd and 29th Dec. I Such stormy weather 
we have had for two days past, with violent snow driving 
at such a rate, that it has penetrated through the roof of 
the house, almost into every room. I never remember any- 
thing like it ; and yesterday D.D. was engaged to preach 

1 Anne, second daughter of John, Ist Earl of Damley, married, fiist, 17th 
September, 1742, to Robert Hawkins Macgill, Esq., of Gill Hill, county 
Down ; and secondly, in December, 1748, to Bernard Ward, Viscount Bangor. 

OF MRS. DELiNY. 885 

at St. Warbor's. My heai-t. acbed for him, for it was a 
most hazardous unchrtakinti, but he was so discreet as to 
come home in a sedan-t'liair. We went at two to Mr. 
Wesley's, and wem one lumr driving, and we used to be 
only twenty minutes, but such bUls of snow and dales of 
mud were in our way, that we made oar passage with 
great difficulty. 

Mrs. Fortescue is foUowiog your example, and produ- 
cing another child ; lier boy ia very handuome and stout, 
all the family look happy, and Mr. Wesley lias smooUted 
his invwi they ai-e a very agreeable, good-humoured 
set of people, and Mr. Fortescue a very pretty man, 
and has an extremt-Iy good character from everybody. 
Our little hop which I promised Bell was appointed for 
Wednesday, but that proving the Fast-day, it is to be 
this evening ; the dancers are to be your humble sei^ 
vant and Mrs. Hamilton's eldest son (a very sober, well- 
behaved youth), bis sister and Mr. Ford: bow the rest 
will be coupled I can't tell ; but these are tlie rest of 
the hoppers — two Mr. Swifts, young men of this village, 
Mr. Parker, and a younger son of Mrs. Hamilton's ; Miss 
Delany, Mrs. Barber' (tlie Dean's niece), Miss Parker, 
Misa Green ; we begin at five and end at nine, tea, coffee, 
and cold supper ; and beds for those that will accept 
of tliem. Did I not write you word of an humble servant 
of Miss Delany's, a Councellor Green P he has been 
here and has made bis proposal, and is accepted ; he is 
really a very liandsome, agreeable man, modest, and 
has long bad an affection for her, and I think she will 

' " Mrs. Karber, the Dean's niece." This was not Mrs. Barter the poeten, 
lliough it ix i>u9slb1e it might have been the wife of one of her bods, perhaps of 
Dr. liarber the pljysiciaii. 



make a very proper wife for him : without being at all 
handsome, she has something engaging in her looks and 
very proper in her behaviour : so now my thoughts are 
busy about her. Her uncle gives her her fortune and 
her wedding-clothes ; I hope we shall settle her happily, 
but she will be a great loss to me at home, for she is very 
usefiil and diverting, and gives us many a hearty laugh. 

Saturday 12th Janiuuy. 

The little rout is over ? we had four hours of smarts 
clever dancing; and broke off a quarter before nine; 
supped, and were all quiet in our nests by twelve, and the 
Dean seemed as well pleased with looking on as we were 
with our dancing. 

I think my Lord Qt>wer might be of use if he were 
properly applied to, and you know I am ready with 
heart and hand to make any application that can be eer-^ 
viceable. My first thought was for poor Miss G. ; for on 
hearing of Lord Weymouth's iUness, and knowing how 
precarious her small income is, (which depends upon his 
life and pleasure,) I wrote to my brother to know if it 
would be right for me to write to Lord Gower in her behalf: 
since that I have had a letter fix>m her, to tell me she 
had written to the Duchess of Bedford, to ask her interest 
with her father; and if my brother thinks it proper I 
should write to back her request I must. Lord Chester- 
field comes to Lreland after his negotiation to HoUandb 
I am sorry I have kept the story of the young lady so 
long from you, but I have-not had an opportunity yet 
of seeing her, and I was willing to give you the story first 
from her own mouth. Mr. Brook's play is called The 
Patriot ; I don't find it greatly approved of, but they say 
it is miserably acted. He will not print it till it has 


made its appearance on the English stage. I am gorry 
Mr. "Wliite is not on better terms in his neighbourhood ; 
bat every place has its parties and partizans. 

Uis. Dttani/ to Mrf. D,:uvi. 

Delvillc, 19 Jnn., 1744-G, 

I must own I am greatly pleased at your present 
situation. I could not bear your being buried in sucli a 
solitude as Bradley, and I am heartily glad Mr. Dewes 
enjoys the pleasure of clieerful society and a pleasant 
dwelling: his own cheerfulness and good-liuraour makes 
him worthy of it, and may you. both long enjoy every 
blessing that human nature is capable of 1 I am so happy 
as to have the lovely and ingenious Letty Bushe with 
me still ; the winds that have crossed our wishes often 
have been kind to inc on her account, and by detaining 
her clothes kept her under my roof, but now she talks 
of leaving me, and as 1 have always made it a ruie in any 
friendship never to be a monopolizer, I must give her 
up. Lady Anne Magill is a sister of Lord Damley's, a 
young lady of a very good character, and a great friend 
ofLetty's; they are engaged to spend the winter together, 
and I must yield to the first engagement, though my loss 
will be irreparable, as I can fuwe -mhody with me here that 
can give me so much pleasure ; for besides her ingenuity, 
slie has a turn for conversation that is not common, and 
her good-humour is inexhaustible, but her constitution 
is tender, which must be an allay to the pleasure she 
every other way gives. 

You say you wish the Bishop of Gloucester knew Lord 
Weymouth had settled £4000 on . Are you sure of 

VOL. II. ^ ~ ^ ^ 



that? Mrs. F. writes me word sUe is not certain of it. In 
my last to yon I think I said I waited for an answ^ from 
my brother before I conld write to Lord Gower^but as.I. 
do not love to lose time, if I may by any means advance 
a friend's interest, I wrote him a comical letter }mt 
Tuesday; my preamble was compliments on his pro- 
motion, and that it was the tax of men of power to . Ife 
importuned, but I said I was so reasonable I had.^< 
three petitions to prefer at a time; my letter ww '» 
long one, and I have not time to transcribe it, but 
sometimes a letter of that kind is better remembered 
and listened to than a more serious one. D.D. thinks 
Mr. W. has not authority for what he did in relation to 
the Xtning, not but that in the main it was right -and 
may be a means of putting the common people in miiMi 
of a duty too much neglected. . . 

If we are promoted I hope in time something ma^ b# 
done for Mr. Chapon, but at pres^it D.D. has old friends 
and relations to provide for that claim the first right to 
his interest. The Chapon^ talk of sending Harry ta atfdy 
in our college, — I tiiink if they can afford to bring him 
up in that way, it will be better and cheaper than, tha 
universities of England ; hero he may be maintained^ and 
educated in that way for £40 a year, and be upon Ihe 
same footing as the best gentlemen's sons. i^^ 

I ask a thousand pardons for not sending the story-of 
Miss McDermot sooner. Last Thursday was s^'niight 
we dined at the Wesleys (great enquiry after j^i aad 
the day foUowing we had our ball which I have aireidy 
given you information of, as also of the wedding in tMtfi4 
which goes on very well ; and next Monday I go to 
Dublin to buy the clothes. D.D. gives her five hundred 


ptflinds for her portion, and sixty pounds to buy clothes ; 
I'hfelieve the knot will be tied about the middle of next 
nionth. I hope she mil be happy; the prospect ia fair, and 
she has engaged ray good wishes by her verj' obliging 
^hnviour; I am going to fit up my only room that in 
stiU unfurnislied ; it ifl to be hung with tapestry, a rich 
gt^en damask bed, chairs, and window curtains, which 
apartment I hope will be honoured by my dearest sister 
when she can make me happy with her company. 

■'if'* Jl "'"T -l(., ■! ■ 

;- ^ ' lidi '7 'f . ; JT™. Df^wy to M,». Oerm. 
.. ; w ■' ■ DoU-illr, 31 Jnn., 1744^, 

■'"©ifl I tell you of another weeding in hand here ? a 
ftftphew of D.D's, who is a kind of steward to ua, and a 
sober good sort of young man bred up to farming affairs, 
Hfe is going to be married to a very clever girl, bred up 
in the same way — a niece of Mrs. Barber's ; the IVan 
ffives them a very comfortable farm about twelve miles off, 
and tiiey are to supply us with all farming affairs. When 
this is done the Dean hiis not a relation left that he has 
not portioned or xettfcd in some comfortable way ; and if 
I wore to tell you all the particulars of hia benevolence 
and his goodness towards them you would be astonished 
that his fortune had answered so well the beneficence of 
his heart, but these are the things for which he has 
been blest. " His Imf shall not wither, and took whatsoever 
he doeth it shall prober." 

The pretty enclosed drawing is from the ingenious 
Letitia, invented and executed by my side. 



^fr9. TMeiny to Mrn, Denm, 

t , • . ' 

Delvillc, 2ik1 MMt^h, \lAiiS. 

I gave you a short account of our wedding-d^y ■ which 
passed off as well as such things generally do. They 
are still in the house with us, and will stay till the h^gih- 
ning of May that we go to the North. Mr. Green is an 
agreeable man to have in the house, as he is very well 
bred and easy, conversable, and reads to us whilst We 
work in the evenings, so that we spend our time very 
pleasantly. Miss Harman, a cousin-german and fhend 
of Mrs. Green, is now with us — a modest young thiiig, 
obliging and good-humoured ; and you know I KKe 
to indulge friends, as I love to be indulged myself ;"' We 
have had a good deal of company on this occasion, dnd 
next week we return visits and have many dinner-invita* 
tions on our hands. Tlie CounccUor Green ha& ihifbe 
brothers, the two eldest great sugar-bakers, and onef bf 
them made a present to the Bride of a bill of fifty potiliids 
the day after she was married. 

The account you give me of your walking throu:gh fYdst 
and snow with your little boys, delights me. You say j^oti 
want a little " good conversatim ;" why that is certainly the 
most rare of all rarities, and were you not yourself ricMy 
endowed with the talent of conversing, yon would not 
feel the loss of it so much, but a Kttle Uvefy talk aild 
chit-chat must be accepted, and for more solid and tiseftil 
thoughts your own breast and your library can supply you. 
The insolence of the Duchess of Bedford towards our 
worthy cousins fills me with indignation whenever I 
think of it. 

OF MltS. UELAJiy. 811 

My Lord Salisbury's' match did not surprize mej liis 
steward perhaps may be a gentleman of as good a family 
as himself, aud a woman of rank and knowledge of the 
world would not have accepted oi' a coachman although he 
W(M a peer of the realm ! 'Plic Duke oi' Chandos's* choice 
is,^ more extraordinary one, but 1 own I am well pleased 
.with both, as I take it to be a strong proof of the virtue 
of both these women, who would hardly have beeii raised 
to, the rank they are now in had they not been virtiums; 
;i^ vlrfiie w tww more scarce in the world than ■noUUty, 
I.^ij't help rejoicing at every instance of it. 
, - ^wi say Blr. Yate is very gay, and well pleased mtk 
tli^ good fortune his cousin has left him. Pray what is it ? 
jou never mentioned it to me. 1 am glad he had it not 
some yeai-s ago, for I am now -weU assurtyl I could not 
have been so happy with any man in the world as the 
person I am now imited to ; his real benevolence of 
heart, the great dchght he ta.kes in making every one 
happy about liim, is a disposition so uncommon that I 
would not change tiiat one circumstance of happiness for 
all the riches and gveatnesH in the world. This evening 
we have a concert ; next Tuesday should have been the 
day, but we are to dine aliroad. I wish Miss Tracy was 
well married lor her sake and for her motlier's, who would 
finish her days with more content could she leave that 
good young woman well settled. Is there no talk of 
Miss Dod well's manying ? I am sorry the poor Chapons 
are under trouble of any kind ; in time I stil! hope I 

' James C'coil, Gtli Earl of Salisbury, married, iu 1743, Elizubeth, sistw of 
till! Rev. John Ktft, Rector of Hatfield. 

' Ili^nry, 2nd Duke of Chftndos, married his «ecoad wife, Aoiie Jeffrya, in 



may do them some more conBiderable service than I ba/ire 
yet done, but my designs hitherto for them have never 
succeeded. ..i i 

Have I told you of a pretty tortoiseshell puss.I lia,Y)9.?: 
the sauciest and prettiest, most indulged little animal that 
ever was everybody's favourite. After this important^ 
sentence I have no more to add, but that I am with i the 
utmost tenderness yours. : ; i 

■ » ■ - 

r * 

Mrs, Delany to Mrs, Deuces, 

Delvillc, 9 March, 1744-5. 

I have of late been happy in receiving my dear^t 
sister's letters regularly. Dr. Barber is generally. ;.♦ 
person sure of a sincere welcome ; indeed he is alwf^^ 
welcome on his own account as a very good sort oiv^sa^, 
and I beUeve a very good physician ; but in that ,(:^p>apij^y 
I hope we shall have but little use for him. I thank Qipd 
we are both at present in very good health, and j* few 
warm days we have had, have given an air of cheeirj^*- 
ness and spring that revives all one's senses, Deltille 
begins now to open its sweets, and yesterday an4 til? 
morning before I spent two hours in my garden and 
paid my affectionate homage to the ''Pearly Bowfry 
D.D. is restoring some winding walks that the encrpaching 
weeds had almost smothered. The birds sing melQdio98ly^ 
and there is one chaffinge and two robins that eat out of 
his hand ; I wish they may not grow quite wild again 
before we return from the North ; but cold and want will 
bring them to hand again — the great tamers of the human 
as well as the animal kind. I think Lady G. S.*s conduct 
was very odd and not at all well-judged towards Lady 


' '■ OP MRS. DELANY. 848 

Stinderland, but if it succeeds we have reason to he gWi 
of her indiscretion. 

I had a very long letter from my brother two packets 
ago, Tvith an account of a long conference he had with Lord 
Q — ' who told him he had a veiy handsome letter from me, 
and that lie had desired Lord Cornbury to make his excuse 
for not sooner answering it. My brother talked of Miss 
Granville ; I fear hei* prospect is but indifferent ; Lord Q-* 
asked what could be done for Mr. Dewes, for he supposed 
he would not care to quit his profession, and a^ked 
several questions about him. My brother told him he waa 
a younger brother, but of a very good family in Warwick- 
shire, and bad very good expectations. He asked what 
Lady Granville proposed to have done? My brother gavB 
him as good an account as he cou'd recollect, which Lord 
G. said was " ver^ like the old Countess.*" This was all that 
passed, and you'll say a great deal for my brother to repeat; 
but his hmrt is set on doing sonifthing i'or Mies Gran^Tlle, 
as lie thinks her situaiiou a very precarious one, which pre- 
vents his entering more into Mr. Dewes's affair. ■ ' 

There is something very odd in poor S' John Stanley's 
late behaviour,^ but I try to forget it, for it grieves my 

Well, we have eaten etc. such feasts— such routs, but 
thank God all over, and most of my formal visits returned. 
So T feel a free woman, and shall return to my pencils and 
shell-works; the new-married couple stay with us till 

' I^rd G'jiver. 

' Grace, Coimtoss (iranville in her oivn riglit, died October 18, 1744, on tl» 
Siimc day as Sarah BucIicsb of Marlborough, 

* From tliis sculcnce it is probable that Air John Stanley continued dtiMlis- 
jicd with the iiiarriftpje of Mrs. Pendarves to Dr. Dtlony, Ihougli not £0 mnch 
s<} as Mr. Granville, 


we go to the North, which I hope is as agreeaide totiMM 
as it is to me. ^'^ 

Mr. Phipps is come to Ireland to put in his claim, ud 
carry off, if he can, the estate so long contended for IM- 
tween Lord Anglesey and Mr, Annesley, — it will be fiive 
harvest for the lawyers ; I have been to wiut on Mm. 
Phipps ; ^ you know she was Lord Hervey's daughter : 
she was not at home — they are soon to dine here. 

Was there ever such an infatuation as now rcd^gns 
amongst the nobility of England! Are all the gteaa g^ 
matches true ? I am not apt to believe scandal, and d6n't 
know how to credit such extraordinary reports. The ThkiB 
of Beaufort's * death is not to be lamented— he Wa# tdtf- 
healthy in his constitution and unhappy in his ciftst^ 
stances, though possessed of great honour and ri(diee(-: hSs 
brother is qualified to make a better figure, and hi^w^ I 
hope will prove an honotu*able and virtuous DifcfaeSs'^ 
Beaufort. The sun calls me abroad and the Pearly B6wer 
has not been visited to-day. ' - 

Mrs. DeUuiy to Mr$. Dtwes, WeUesboume. 

Delvme,23rd March, lliiri! 

It is comical enough that we should give each otitier a 
relation of my brother*s transactions, I believe on the same 
day ; but as he sometimes is taciturn, I chose rather to 

f > Lepell, eldest danghtcr of Jobn Lord Hervey, married Pcbmary 18,' iWB, 
CoustaDtine Phipi«, Esq., wbo was croated Lord HulgraTc^ SeptamlMr ^ 

« Henry, 3rd Duke of Beaufort, married Frances, only child of Visooont 
Soudamore, from wliom he was divorced, died without issue Febroaxy 24, 
1740-6, and was succeedwl by his brother, Charles Kod, 4th Puke, who mM- 
ried, 1st of May, 1740, Elizabeth, daughter of Johu Borkoby, Ksq^i Mid sister 
of Norborne Lord Bottetourt. .' 



trouble yott witlv a repetition than not tell you all- 1 
know. It is reported here that Mr. Clienevis haa more 
mind to the Deanery of Down than the Bishopric of 
Dromore ; if he has, let liim take it. Mi-8 Monta^Tie, oi' 
Hanover Square, writes me word the Duke of Cumber- 
land ' is certainly to be married, and that Lafly Walling- 
ford is named i'or a lady of the bedchamber to the Duchess, 
and Miss Granville as bedchamber woman ; and thougli I 
suppose it will be no great matter, it may bring hw into 
the way of something better in time. 

I wrote to Will Slonck about the pictures, and desired 
him to send the basons with their covers and dishes 
belonginff to them to my brother, that Sir John Stanley had 
left rae. He wrote me an answer to say " the pictures must 
go with the house or it might be a detrimeut in the dis- 
posing of it, and that Uie dishes were not devised to vie, only 
the baaojis and covers." My answer was as follows : — 

Sir, — I should ml hove had tite assurance to inm- 
iion the dished to you had I iwi a^^iJmidtid i)te^ hdong^ 
to the basons, and it was natural for me to imagine Sir John 
Stanley did not niean to separate them ; but whatever his 
meanhu] was, 1 2}erceive the letter of the laic gives me no 
claim to the dishes the basoJis stood'upon, and therefore (if it 
tvilt be no detriment in the sale of the house) I desire you tciU 
let aprice be set on the dishes, and I shall willingly pay it, as 
the basons are no more complete icithuut them than a flower 
icilhout a stem. If you have sent the fraim hehmgvng tp 
the fruit piece with it, I am indebted to you for that, and 

' WilliHm Angiistus, Duke of Cumberland, youngest son of George IT., 
tiorn 15tli A]ir[l, 1721; liiod uriiifarried in 1765, He waeaField-Marahaland 
Oimmandef-in-Chief of the Forces, and commanded tie English forc«a at Cul- 
ioduu and Fonleiioy. 


desire to know what I must pay^ for I don't find that WM 
" DEVISED " with the picture* ' - !• 

I ^ve seen Miss MeDermot, and had her story frooEt 
her own mouth. At half au hour after seven I sat* foti 
the finishmg my picture in enamel ; at ten went to paints 
ing ; company came at two and dined here ; and till liiis 
instant (half an hour after eight) I have not had the lelisb 
moment to myself. 

'i. : 1 ■ 

Mm, Delany at, Mrs, Dexve^^ at WeUeshourne. ■ , . 

. J)elviUe,2athMaJ,17.'^,: 
I told you in one of my letters that Miss MoDermots 
had sent to speak privately to D.D., and that I was in hopes 
it was on a reli^ous account; thank God! so ii hm 
proved, and last Smiday they made their recantation "iri 
our church. They had not heen at mass these^^ell^tf 
months, and their brother died a Protestant. They had ib^* 
veral conferences with the Bean, and he collected text$^'<>f 
Scripture for them. What they most stuck at Wtts tran^b- 
Mantiation, but I behere they hav^ been thoroughly «o&* 
vinced of their error in that point. 'Miss McBermot said 
*' though she had been so barbarously treated among tht 
Papists she^ leave them were not her rewen 
thoixmghly convinced of their errors;" she has on thi 
whole occasion showed herself a reasonable womanf. 
They dined with ns on Sunday ; the ceremony of their 
making their recantation is their reading a paper signed 
by them, wherein they renounce all the errors of tfc^ 
Ohurcli of Eome ; the minister (when they have read tl4 
paper aloud in the midst of the congregation, just beforfe 
the Communion Service) lays his hand on tlieir heaid 

; .:■ DP MRa DELANY, v-»U WT 

and receives them into the Church as converts, and then 
prays for them. There is something' very awful in it, 
and'tlic poor ladies were tinder great confusion, hut be- 
haved themselves very well,^ and seemed ertremely glad 
when it was over. I thought they would have been 
here TOi-y private and quiet, but eight persons that I 
did not expect came to dinner beside themselves, still 
there could not be too many witnesses of so good an 
action. All the eonipany came to church as well as to 
dinner, and we all went agiiiu in the afternoon ; you 
can't think what a gay appearance we made as we walked 
through the garden to church, attended by all the ser- 
vants, who were pretty numerous. 

I have now every tiling paclied up for our journey, 
which is put off to next Monday. We shall he the 
first night at Mr. Hamilton's at Dunleer, the second 
at Newry, and dine the third day at Mount Panther, at 
Dr. Mathews's, where w« were last autumn, and where we 
propo^' stii,ying iconic diiys till lay domeetios are settled^ 

The Dean and I travel in our chaise, which is easy and 
pleasant ; Betty and Mai^aret* the cookiaod a housemaid 
in the coach and four, and P^ Hanages (who : I am 
breeding up to be a housemaid) in a oar we-haveitbd 
made for marketing, and carrying luggage, &c., wheBiift^b 
travel. Our new coach will be ready when we come hooik, 
but now we hire one for the northern expediiaon.- Yest^- 
day we dined at Arteen, at Mr. Donnellan'e, and weile 
met by Mrs. Marly and Letty Bushe. To-day we dine 
at Mrs. C'onolly's, and in the afternoon are to meet Miss 
McDermots and Letty Bushe at Mr. Taverner's, andito 
have a concert of music. But the sad havoc that has 
been abroad damps all one's pleasures at home. 




■ - 

The Biitory of Mm Macdermoty written hy Mrs. Delanj/* 

' t ' i 

The principal heroine of the following atory rekited44 
to me herself about half a year after it happened. PreyjcMs^ 
to the aflBftir, Dr. Delany received a very sensible letjtot 
from Miss Macdermot out of Connaught, expressii]^ ^her 
desire of recanting her religion ; she was of an old Irbh 
family. She and her sister Miss Maria, on the death of 
their only brother, were left heiresses of a large e0tAto 
(their father and mother had been long dead). The oSAepk 
daughter was entitled by the settlement to a double 
share of the estate left to her and her sister ; they had 
both resolved to make their public recantation if idb^ 
survived their brother, who was a great bigot« On hj0 
death they wrote to Dr. Delany ; his answer gave them 
so much satisfaction, that they fixed a time to g6,to 
Dublin to talk with him further on the subject, which 
though they had not declared to those tliey were ne^:^ 
connected with, was suspects, and they received an iat 
vitation from their Uncle Flinn, their mother's brothdr^ 
(who had an only 8on> who had made proposals to ^b» 
eldest sister, and had been rejected about tins time^) 
which they could not well refuse, as they had always 
been on good terms, though not on intimate ones. The 
distance allowed of their going and returning back the 
same day ; a day was therefore named, and they wait 
early in the mornings and ordered their chaise to 1^ 
ready for their return soon a&ex dinner. When the houc 
came they went to take leave ; . their uncle insisted upolt 
it they should not go back that evening, but they le* 
fused witli all the civilit)' they could, pleading that hn^ 
ness obliged them. This availed them nothing, for w 

' '■ W MllS. PELANT. 34^ 

enquiry, about their eq^uipage, witli ajfirm resolution to 
go, they were told tliat the chaise and servants were 
gone, and would return the next day : so they were 
obliged to Knbniit, though very unwiilingly. Misri 
Macdermot told n\e that she was seized with a horror 
that somethinf^ bad would happen (she was not hand- 
some, tall and rather large, but her person altogether 
"Very weH^^She had a very sensible countenance, wiwi 
spirit, a sweet voice, with great gentleness of niiiHH^ 
when she spoke). The terror which first seized her upoh 
being obliged to stay conttniled. iind not without reason, 
fijr'aa tliey were seated down to cards in the evenhig, in 
rosiied four men in nia^ks into tlie room. Miss Macder- 
mot; terrified with the appearance of these people, started 
up and ran itit<» the ivext apartment. One hid herself 
under the I>ed, and the other behind it, not finding any 
way out but the door by'which they entered, Irat not 
quick enough to escape being seen by the principal 
person masked, who first seized Miss Maria who wtiS 
behind the bed, but on vi6w*iag' her 'Said tih6 Was tM* 
wrong sister, cursed her heartily and' qtntfl^i*e'r; ifld 
then laid violent hands on'Miss MacdWmOt'*iio'lii8 
under the bed. She fought hiaiifully to avoid 'hlni','&id 
lie could not take hold of her to ta^e her- a^^ytill aiQ 
her clothes were torn oflf except her stays, het p<MketS,'Aii4 
underpetticoat. She then endeavoored'^te iht&W'h^^lt 
upon her knees, to implore his mercy, bufe'hfe't^i2ibg5ie* 
by both her arms, dragged her in that postnre thro^ll 
the room they had left, where nobody renlained' but hfel* 
uncle, who stood upon the hearth before thfe fire with' hM 
hands behind him, with the coolest indiflerisncie'at Whtti 
he saw. Miss Macdermot asked him how he -could bd 



such a villain to see her treated in such a ^vay in his ^bW* 
house, and begged for God's sake he would resdu^hftt*.* 
Pleading was to no purpose, and when hehadd)^gj^^ 
her into the hall, it was ^jrowded with de8perate^lt>6k&^ 
men ; and about two hundred of the same sort w«fe 
assembled about the door, where was a horse and j^ilHAiif 
ready to receive them ; and whilst others of the gang M^iif* 
tying her hands and feet, this desperate man mounts 
the horse and she was placed behind him, and tied 'itii'^ 
fast as possible. They tried to gag her, but she eltlwfedl 
ail their force, and they were in haste to earry her^ff; "' 

"When they had gone about a mile from the house; Shfe 
had struggled so violently as to get her hands at libert?f 
and threw herself off the horse. They were all armi^ w?fli 
bludgeons and great swords, one of which she seized as 
they were endeavouring to replace her on the horse, atid 
finding herself at liberty to walk, she sprang from theft 
and got against a tree — for though it was a dark nightj 
they had a number of lights with them. She fought for 
some time and kept her station j till one of the'Criiel 
gang run a sword up her arm, from her wrist to h^ dlboW, 
in such a manner that obliged her to drop her'weap^itt'; 
as she could no longer defend herself and was alinotiit 
fainting from pain and anguish» slie again f<iU into thciir 
barbarous hands, and tlieir numbers were constantly 
increasing. ' 

Tliey proceeded on in this mariner fbr some miles; aUd 
then stopped at ar ca^bin, wh^r^ they took Miss McDerMdt 
off the horse, and carried her in, and gave her ixitd (Jie 
eare of the woman that belonged to it, with a strict chairg^ 
not to let her stir, for her life would answer for it if ihe 
did. With this order they left them together lockied it. 

.->,. OF MIta DELANY. 38t 

when it proved, this woman liful lormerly been Miss M — '» 
nureo, wliicli oircumstance she hoped would make her fuel 
more compassion for lier present unfortunate situation. 
She iustiuitly tluew herself upon herkneua, and begged 
the woman for God's sake to save her life from tUese 
villainous wretches, who were carrying her oil' by force, 
and enti-eated her if gUe had no better way of ooucealbig 
her, she would let her go out of the window, and aiva 
would take her chance. for making her escape. She took 
a £a note out of her pocket, whicli fortunately they had 
not found, and olTcred it to the woman, wlio luoked 
terrified and at a loss what to do ; when the door opoued, 
and in. came the chief person, Mr. Flinn, with three or four 
other men, and one that was a priest, who immediately 
hud hold of her, and said if she would submit quietly to 
the ceremony of beuig married to Mr. Fhnn, she sliould 
be treated with sdl mivnner ot" kindness and respeet ; if 
not, he was resolved to uiaJiC her liis wife by force. 

Fitiding she wa«> resoluta in aot coaipjyiug, with i^ 
request, but vehemently asserted that she would railwit 
die than be united to such a monster, on. theiiila^plf^ 
hold of her to put the ring on her' £nger, she th^wl 
it off whilst the priest was muttering over the mafr 
riage ceremony, and springing from them, snatched 
up a mug of milk, wliich she bad accidentally laid :hef 
eyes on, standing by the fire, and threw it full in the 
priest's face. At that moment some of tlie party cam9 in 
and spoke to Flinn in Irish (which th^, supposed lah? 
did not understand), and told him that the country w^s 
raised and in pursuit of them, which gave her a gleam <^ 
hope and supported her in this dreadful calamity. After 
they had whispered with one another some time, more of 

S>2 L.rE AXD €rfi:2E9r^'ST±S'7T 

ihe putr csime into the room in order to mean her, Imt 
tlier grev alamMid at ^Ddxae tint the vooad dbe had 
n0air^ in fao' arm Ued p r ofiiatji , amd tiinr c o rfd 
ujl wLat migbt be the coQseqveoce. Fresh 
ecnoing in, made them immediatehr carry kr ofi^ 
tbey took her to a bog azkd jdimgcd her op to ho* dMml* 
dere in mod, placing a man on each side with pisfeoh 
{for thev were anneal with ail kinds of weapons) to pra» 
vent her making her escape. But ther were soon dia- 
oorered bj her friends, who came fiom every part to 
her relief, and pat her enemies to flight. They 
diately carried her to a relations, a gentleman of 
derable fortune in that coontry. where with the help of 
the best medical advice and kind treatment, it phaacd 
God to restore her (beyond expectation) after hmvh^ 
Iain twenty-one days in a violent pain, and donhtinl 
whether she would live or die. 

It was thought horrible, but it appears that the 
plunging her in the bog stopped the bleeding, and 
by that means saved her life. The poor sister made 
her escape from her uncle's house early the next mom* 
ing in the deepest distress, and immediately raised the 
country, all the way as she went home, to go in puranit 
of her sister, and try to recover her« which was (through 
her) effected as above, and she sent for her to the gentle- 
man's house where her sister was recovered with so much 
kindness. It was some months after before they could 
put in execution their religious scheme, for which purpose 
they came to Dublin to make their recantation in Glass- 
nevon church (a parish belonging to Dr. Delany, in 
which his house at Delville was situated, out of the 
garden of which there was a door into the churchyard). 


Dr. Delfiny was perfectly satisfied that they renounced 
their former religion upon the best principles of conviction ; 
au<l they thouijlit tJiemselves hap^iy to obtain tlifi direc- 
tion of a person so well able to satisfy 'vH their doubts. 
They were unwilling to make the sad aifair wliich had 
eomraeuced at their wretched uncle's more pnblic, bvit that 
was impossible, as they were obliged tf> prosecute and 
appear in open court gainst those who had so cruelly 
treated them. Miss Macderniot, who was a very sensible 
woman, and had great presence of mind, gave her depo- 
sition to a. person eminent in the law (I think Dr, 
Poster), in so elear and proper a manner as to be tini- 
"versaily approved of, but why it never came to an issue 
I never hoard. Soon after this they retired into tlie 
country, and retuftied no more to Dublin, which deprived 
me of further acquaintance with them. 

■ /oify Sarah Coxyfr' to Mrs, Deuft. 

Mirigham, Jiitii. 5th, 1745. 

Tour letter, my dear Mrs. Dewes, came to me last 
night, and I can't thank you enough for letting me hear 
of you (which I very muchwished), and giving me encou- 
ragement to renew our correspondence. It is very true 
that awkwardness and shame of my long silence would 
have continually prevented me writing again, and this X' 
had experience of; for upon confessing ray fault about 
two months ago to Miss Pointz, and telling lier that I 
could not now have the assurance to write, she threatened 

' Lailv Sarah Cowj^er was tbo eldent daughter of William, Ist Karl Cowper. 
She diej" unmarried iu ITJH. 

VOL. IU 2 A 



to teaze me till I got the better of my mauvaLse honte^ 
and has so far kept her word that I tliink I liavo »ot 
escaped one post being asked " have you writ to Mrg. 

I once thought the action in Flanders^ gave ine a 
pretence of writing to you, but the first letters wpre so 
imperfect that I waited for others, and the whole wa« 
made public in the papers as soon as these arrived,; but 
if you know no particulars except from the papers, perh^s 
the gleanings of conversations in town, from a gr^i^t 
variety of private letters, may furnish sometlung nc,W,tp 
you, and I will give you all that occurs to me; Qp[j 
warning you to remember tliat I don't vouch for the 
truth of all particulars, and so don't care to be nanied a^ 
the author of them. 

Some circumstances of the Duke's behaviour delight 
me more tlum his bravery; Coll. Eussel writes that 
himself with other officers were in the advanced guard the 
day before the battle, wliere they were to undergo a 
good deal of fatigue, and had made no provision for their 
refresliment. His 11. II., {ichose care icds universal)^ 
thought of this, and sent some of his own servants with 
the provisions they had brpuglit for hiniself to furuisli 
these gentlemen, and attend on them the whole day. 
His exliortations and example supported the fight while 
there was any liope of sucxjess : he was in every pari of 
the field wliere he saw the men dispirited and giving 
way, calling out, " Don't you know me, my country men ? 
Will you leave me ? I don't ask you to do anything 
without me; all I beg you is to share my danger.^* 

^ TIh' liattlo of I'\nitonov w;w fuiv^lit ln'twi-eu llto hIHiaI amn* tiw\ tUe 
Frfuch on tlic 1 1th May, 1743. 

OP MRS. DELANT. ' ''■' 85S 

Whfen the retreat was detotmined he showed the same 
spirit dnd diKgence to preserve the order of tliemarelt, 
and to give all possible assistance to the wounded. He 
was one of the hint that left the field, so that he did nAt 
reach the camp till three next morning, and great part of 
the army did not know what was come of him. While 
the army was retreating, and he looked round and saw 
the mimbers lost in the action, and Imd acoounts bronght 
Tiim of particular pefsona Tcilled or wounded, he lost all 
c6mmand over his passions, and "burst into a violent fit 6f 
crying ! I own these tears of generosity and humanity 
make him appear much (/renter to me e\-en than all the 
instances of his courage. 'Tis said the French king, look- 
ing upon the EngliMh that wefc killed, said, "Ma foyccs 
gens meritoient de vivre." And ifarshal Saxe said, 
" Cette poignec de gens m'a fait plus de peine que tout 
iereste." It was certainly a glorious efi'ort that the Allies 
made to raise the siege, and though the inequality of num- 
bers made it hazardous, yet if they had stood by and 
seen the town taken without giving a blow it would 
have been called tameness and cowardice ; and indeed 
all accounts agree that if alt parts of the army had 
behaved eqnulhj well, it would hav6 been a complete vic- 
tory on the side of the Allies. It was once so near it, 
that Marshal Saxe confesses he was in the utmost pain 
how to dispose of the French King and the Dauphin ; aid 
even at last the French would have fled, had it not beten 
for the obstinate resistance the Irish regiment of Buckley 
ma<le to the Knglish attack, and that decided the affair. I 
say nothing of Ingoldshy ; the reports of his conduct are 
so contradictory, tluit nothing was ever more mysterious ; 
hut I suppose it must be cleared up soon. The general 
2 \ 2 


opinion is that the Allies are not strong enougl^i, jeicp 
with the reinforcement they have received, tpf.YCfa^p^ 
another engagement at present ; though if an opporttuj^tj 
should oiTer it certainly won't be neglected. The; .^q]^ 
diers.have spirit enough to undertake anything, ^^djfiifjf 
that they don't doubt of " winning the rvbb^^'' th^ ©pfr* 
tingen and Fontenoy are " only ffwne and gaoneJ* ^ .;; ■; 
The only relation I have in the army is Mr. M949l'!> 
he, thank God ! came off unhurt, and so did Mr., pol^- 
ton's^ brother. Three young men are killed wliiom Jfjf^ 
much concerned for, Mrs. Sabine's second son, -*, vwy 
brave and fine young man, and Shaw Cathcart, Ur^pW 
romance herOy insensible of danger — these are a loss tq .t}fa 
public ; but I am mudi more touched with little ^plfji- 
worth's death, I have known him ever since he W/W 
five years old ; he was a youth of sixteen, a very sober btpj, 
and a good scholar, and capable of making his .fortune 
in a learned way, but nothing could persuade him from 
being a soldier. I saw him at Mr. Pointz's the day the 
Duke gave him his commission ; he was quite fuddled with 
joy, his father went abroad with him. It happened 
there was a vacancy in the guards, and the Duke advanded 
him to it the day before the battle. Just before the 
engagement, Lord Albemarle said to Molesworth, **Keip 
your f<on at home to-day ; his commission is not sipMd,^ 
that he really has no post in the guards, and it will be no 
disgrace to him that he is absent ; he may avoid the 
danger of this battle, and will gain some experience 
against another :*' the boy cried, and said " if hettiisnot 
fit to fight he ought not to have a donvnimo^t,^^ iireiiiiio 

* James Colleton, of Hayiivs Hill, Esq., co. Bt'rks, married 1731, Lady 
Anne, second tlauj^hUr of William, Ist Karl Towjicr. 

^■'^- 'OP MRS. UELANY. ' f^i 

thfe'batSe, ftnct after it was inissing. After several dayB* 
Seardi liis fath^l- thought him dead; and was rcturniog 
home, when a note was given Iiirn on the road, mth these 
words : " Robert Molefurorih is linng, slightly wounded, 
and aprispner at Lisle." Mr. Molesworth writ this to his 
wife, and afterwards a farther account came that he was 
fallen into the hands of a French Colonel, who was very 
humane, mightily pleased mth him, and treated him like 
his oAvn child ; the mother was transported with this good 
news. Mr. Molesworth went to Lisle, had leave to take 
care of him, found the wonnd they thought so slight had 
proved incurable, and the boy, after lingering a week, 
died in his father s arms! Captain AVade, son of the 
Marshal, was dangerously wounded by a very odd acci- 
dent : his horse's Iiead was taken otl' by a cannon hall, 
and thrown with such force against Wade's side, that it 
btoke several of his ribs. Lord Albemarle wis thrown'.* 
.-- 1.1. i: I ,'(,Ai// Jj'jiiuial iJii 

Mrs. Dclatiy to Mrs. Granville, at Ifeftfcrthi. ' 

Dolly Mount,' 8th Sana, 1T44-6. 

DEAaKST Madam, 

Though I did not expect it, (nor d» I .desire, though 
you have a secretary, you should Aq flhat I JmoF is not 
agreeable to you,) the sight of your hand gave me, a 
great deal of pleasure, and my sister must wait till next 
post, lor I can no longer defer making my best ao- 
knowledginciits to you, madam, fpr the favour of yours; 
but you overw helm me with sliarae when you make any 
acknowledgment of thanks to me, you make me feel 

1 Tho eurl is DiiBsing. 

» 'I'liu place lliu Dtidi and Mia. Delany iciliabikd before tliej went lo Moimt 


how much more I owe you, than I can ever pay ; and all 
I can do is to take every opportunity I can of shewing 
you I gratefully remember your goodness, thongh I am 
unable to make a sufficient return. I return you Wfunj 
thanks for your kind wishes on tlie 14th of Majjir.?, . I 
enjoy too many blessings not to be thankful for ; ^(fi 
return of that day. . . , 

I don't at aJl doubt my sister's notableness ; I ; tji^qk 
she has blended in her composition^ beyond any bo^.X 
know, tlie excelUiices of a good economist with.- jlj^ 
elegance of a fine lady, without any of the foibles.. , ..,| t 

Mrs. Yiney is too semible a tcorticm not to J(9|4.<9* 
time the blessedness of her present conditioni to j^.Kid 
of a tyrant, tliat would not suffer her to have any eiypj^- 
ment of her friends (or even of her children) at homi^, |ur 
abroad. Surely she ought to be thankful: I oim,\ 
cannot help being thankful for her. ,, .: 

I gave my sister an account of our journey as fSaor as 
Mount Panther, which is six miles from hence. We caiQe 
here last Tuesday and brought all the family with, OS, 
and found the house in very good order, and fif gpod 
dinner ready. The house is very indifferent, \)ui^ ^tl)e 
situation pleasant. 

The Dean has agreed for the building his new ch^zcb, 
and is very busy visiting aU the families in his Dean^, 
which will be a laborious work, but what he is deiennio^d 
to do. It is very strange, but the poor have been so 
neglected here, they say they never saw a clergynum-Pi 
tlieir lives but when they tcent to chtirch. ^.^ 

* llic lilli llaj woi Mary GrauviUc'n birU^y. 

ayunop MRS. Dr!:r,ANT. 'iv< BW 

^!,rv/.":. . r.fT'. 1 ^ff, IWony to JUc. DevMn-j „ , .... ,; ...f, „p., i 
tfFi: i ,■'!;:, IF-:: ■.--,,[ i,,,,.i_, ■!■, , Hollymoimt, Jtinc Udi, IT45. 

' ^ ■ TRoTt^h T h^ve stttlea Sftftiraay t6 be the day dediratM 
to wi4ti6g, fis I have several letters to write for D.O.' lis 
well WmyselF, I will not postpone this, but innst thaflk 
my dearest sister for hers of the 22d Miiy, ■Whieli 'I re- 
ceived at Mount Panther the day before I came to this 
pliiie, and' is the only letter I have had from Englattd 
sinc^'I'left, Delville. Never did any flock wunt more 
the preflShce and assistance of a shepherd than this 
Defeli^ry; where tliere has been a mosl .fhaineful Wijtect ; 
AAdi'T. triirf in God it will he a very happy "thing for the 
pffd^ fWple that D.D. is come aincin^t them, ' The 
feh^rfth'of Down is very large, hut it is TUit a qitarkr 
filled' with people; the Cnrate has t)een so negligent as 
never to tnf-it an;/ of the poor of the parish, and a very 
diligent and watchful dis^senting preachei' haS visited 
them on all occasions of sickness aid distress', atid by 
that means gained great numbers to the mWtiDg. D.D. 
baa already visited a great nnmber, Wheii lie has been 
with all the Protef^antf he designs to '^o to tbe Presbj/- 
terimif!, and (hen to the Papists; th'ejs*"'bleas him and 
pray for him wherever he goes, aiid Siay he has done 
more good already than all his predjicessors ; the'IAst 
n>c:m was here but tico ilvjs in fix yearsl 

Toor account of our dear mama's being so well was a 
great joy to me. I don't wonder your neighbours are 
charmed with licr, for she is — (hut I dare not say what 
slic is as (slic will read my letter,) you can much better 
(Minprohind what T wonld say when T wish to do jiistice 
to her excellencies than 1 can express. 


I know no more tlian you who they mean by- ". s 
of my Lord Harvey's /' they must mean a brother of.iho 
present Lord's, thougli he may be fashionable erumghiio 
have a son without a wife I This is really a sweet plaoo^ithe 
house ordhia/y but is well enough for a sumtner : iauaei 
Two rooms below, that is a snmll parlour and dxawmg- 
room, and within the drawing-i*oom a little room in wloch' 
there is a bed, but the Dean makes it lus closet. . Above 
stairs four pretty good bedchambers and a great many. 
conveniences for the servants. I have a doset to m^y; 
bedchamber^ the window of whicli looks upon a fine, lake 
inhabited by suwis, beyond it and on each aide are pitttj 
hills, some covered with wood and others with catifau 
On the side of one of the hills is a gentleman's house 
with a pigeon-house belonging to it, that embelliriice 
the prospect very much. About half a mile oflfis a pretty 
wood which formerly was enriched with very fine oaks 
and several other forest trees (it covers a hill oiF aboat 
twenty acres) ; it is now only a thicket of the young 
shoots from t/teir venerable stocks, but it is Tery thKk; 
and has the finest carpeting of violets^ primroses, and 
meadow sweet» with innumerable inferior shmbt f-mod' 
weeds, which make such a ma^ of colouring as is 4e« 
lightful. But thorny and dangerous axe tliepatdMiyfor • 
with tliese sweets are interwoven treacherous nettles sad 
outrageous brambles ihwi the Dean has uxidertaiDeii to 
clear away those usurperSj a^d ha& already made some pro^ I 
gress : it is called Wood Island, though it is no saore 
than a peninsula \ the large lake that almost sunounds 
it is otlen covered with threescore oou|)le of swans at a 
time. On tlu* other side of the lake are hills of various 
shapes, and on the side of one of them the town of J)own. 


The ruins of the old cathedral are on an eminence just 
opposite to Wood Island, from whence I have taken a 
drawing. D.D. is making a path round the wood large 
enoDgh to drive a coach ; in some places it is so thick 
as to make it gloomy in the brightest day ; in other plact'* 
a view of tlie lake opens, and most of the trees are em- 
broidered witli wiwdbine and the "Jlauntimj eglantine." 
Four extraordinary seats are already made, one in an oak 
the other three in ash^trees. This afternoon we proposed 
spending some hours there, but the rain drove us back 
again ; on the beach of the lake are a great many pretty 
cockle Bhell^,' which will not be neglected when the wea- 
ther will permit me to go to it. ' "■" 
This has been our chief entertainment abroad. 'Afr' 
home, on Sunday last, it being the 9tli of Jime" (n w.-f' 
I have gi-eat reason to celehrate), we had Dr. Mathews's 
family and Mr, Bayley's to dine liere ; they are the 
best of our neii;!ibours, and I was not a little pleiised tb 
find that we have none nearei' only some good plttiii sort 
of people at Down, that don't set up for visitors. As 
Down is three miles from bence^ and -we cannot go to 
prayers in the afternoon if we dine *t honieithe DttuCi 
designs to dine every Sunday at DoWil'' '5%ei"e is a,'' 
public-house kept by a -clever man 'Who waa butler 
formerly to one of the Deans ; he haffa Tery good roofti 
in his house, and he is to provide a good dinner, and the 
Dean will fill his table every Sunday With all the towns- 
men and their wives by timw, wliich will oblige the people, . 
and give us an opportunity of going to church in th*' 
afternoon without any fatigue. '■ *' 

' Q"fi'S fresli-wattr iiuiascls?, 

I " TTif till :/ June" is liere mentioneil in a mapner which coaGmu tho 
Kdiiui'ii belief thai it waa Mrs. Dekny's wedding-day. 



Wc rise about seven, have prayers and breakfiEwt 
by nine. In the mornings D.D. makes his TisiiiB» I dnuv-; 
when it is fair and he walks out I go with him: we dine 
at two ; in the afternoon when we can't walk out; leediB)^ 
and talking amuse us till supper, and after supper-' I 
make shirts and shifts for the poor naked wretehes iit'tiie 
neighbourhood. I have begun to copy an old pictose of 
Mary Queen of Scots> which is but indifferently pBinM 
but the face pretty ; and to indulge the Dean, miU is 
smitten with it, I have undertaken to copy it. < Ivwiidi 
you would write down every day, whether foul or £nry+^ 
I'll do the same and compare when we meek. £niy>let 
me know how near you are to Meridan. -' ■■ 


Mi'$, Delany to Mr$, Dcrncn, j . • • 

HoHy Motrni, 21Jiiiie, 1^49; 

I have two dear charming letters of my dearest sistet's 
to answer ; last pont should have been the day, butttr^re 
people that came to dine here prevented me. The Deitai 
wheedled me away to ki<i wood in thel morning ats'MdA 
as breakfast was over. I returned before twelve, in Ite^jpes 
of having time to write my letter ; but just M IM^9m 
preparing materials, Dr. Mathews and his family eame ; 
so I chose to defer, that I might send a long lettei*. 
They were all the company I expected^ but thei^' ^iMe% 
added to them by dinner-time, Mr. Johnston, a very goM 
sort of man (agent, that is, renirgatherer, to theD^im); 
his wife and niece, both fiiie ladies! the slieHfT of the 
counly ; and f/m*e p^rAonM of very different characters' — 
Mr. Hall, a crafty, mercenary man, not at all esteemed 
or countenanced by the good peoj>le of this country ; Mr. 
Ward, a plain, honest curate ; and Mr. Cornabee, a French* 


I • OP MRS. DELANY. ii: : 888 

num by birth, wlio has a liTing in this neiglibourhood — a 
pt^te, liveiyj eutertaiuiiig man, just comt; from the Queen 
of: Hungary. He was cliapliim some years abroad to Mr. 
Bobineoii the envoy, and much psteemed by him ; ho is a 
particalar friend of Lady CoIIadon's, and has been recom- 
mended to the Doaii by her ; he is agreeable and well- 
behaved, but as for any other nierit he is too great ■ a 
stninger to mafee any otlier jadgment of him. ' 

Wednesday 1 went to Down with the Dean, and 
whilst lie was visiting the poor, walked roand the ruins of 
the cathedral, wliich has been a fine Gothic building ; it 
is situated on an eminence just above the town, and com- 
mands an extensive view of mountains and lakes. I was 
called frora my attention on this venerable ruin, by the bell 
tliat rung for prayers, after which we went Lome, and as 
soon as dinner was over we walked to Wood Island, where 
the Dean amused himself with his workmen, and I at my 
work under the sheltiu' of a yoim^' oak in whitjh DJ3. has 
made a very snug seat. Wlien he had discharged las labour- 
ers we set forward for adventures.; and as bold as Don 
Quixote, he undertook, armed with a. stoat caneinsteadiof 
a lance, and I (with my shepherdess's orook) Mlowed 
intrepid, to penetrate the tltiekest.partof t^wood, wheire 
Imman foot k<ul not trod Ibdie^for agM. Alter magniUHr 
mously combating brakes, briars, axxAUsnoi enormous siae 
and thickness, we accomplislied the arduous task, and weK 
well rewarded during our toil by finding many prettyapdte 
enamelled and perfumed with variety of sweet flowers, 
particularly tiie ?voodh'me (viul itdld rose which grow here 
in great abundauce. Wo carae home as weary and warm 
us we used to do frequently a^ Calwich, and enjoyed the 
refreshment oi' au easy seat; and the pleasure of talking 


over our toils, as you and I and our dear brother haVe 
often done there, and hope we may often againi' ' - • • * 

I hope this letter ^\rill salute you together* afWeln- 
boume ; I wrote him a long letter last post, and direi^ted 
it to Calwich. The death of the Bishop of Cioghei^ may 
make an alteration in our affairs, and if it does, 1 ftkr^H 
must in our schemes ; for should D.D. be made a BiiSftib^, 
he must attend the Parliament this winter, itA btrir 
journey to England cannot be undertaken till the spirtiig, 
as the bishopric must be taken if offered, or it miijK not 
again be offered ; though a small one will not be acxJeipitiid^ 
I believe he will be condemned in general for this; JMxt'l 
own I think him quite in the right; and I ani'Uittieir 
pleased to have him remain Dean of Down, fhab'^likve 
him at the fag end of all the Bishops ! If they give tM 
Kildare I shall be at the height of my wishes as'tair as 
they regard any worldly pi^erment ; though Cloghiir is 
more considerable by five hundred pounds a-y ear ; ' l>iit 
the Deanery of 0. Church being annexed to the Bi^hopjric 
of Kildare obliges a residence in or near Dublin, and ^ 
DeliiUe might be our palace. The deferring the pleasure 
of seeing my dear friends in England this year, wiH be 
a vast disappointment to me, but if this happens, T sHafl 
have the joy of being with them a whole year instead of 
half a year, for if D.D. continues Dean of Down, h^iniiA 
be here next summer to finish the good works he i^'HbW 
lajring the foundation of, and we shall hardly be abre tft 
leave this place till towards September. 

You ask me " was not the standi^h adorned with poettyf* 
It was not, — a long bill m Chancer}' to answer friglitened 

* Dr. John SWmo, Hi«hop of Cloglicr, fn)m 1717 to 1745, when he wm suo- 
eroded hy Dr. Kubcrl Clayton, Bishop of Cork and R088. 

OF MUa. DEiAKY. «(» 

away the, muses. P-D's constant attention to me, his 
indulgence on all oecasions, his tenderness, and the regard 
lie has for all those J luue, testify his aSection \vith 
more force ,tlian the muses can dictate; tfu;i/ indeed heJp 
to illustrate a growing passion, but when on^ce it is 
arriyed to the di<;nit}- of a settled friendship their aid ia 
not wanted, tkongli at nJl times thoir company is desirable 
and agreeable. Poor Betty /Winnington* wiw at- lier laull 
prayers, in<leed. , WljaA a match for her !,- , i ,i ■ 

In your letter dated the 29th of May, yau say Newport 
goes to Cat. next muiUh ; in tliat of June 5th, thai, you are 
in hopes of seeing my brother in a fortnight : — by tliat I 
suppose, our cousins have madti their visit. 

I am very sorry to find here and everywhere people otti 
of chwac(ei\ and tha,t idjie and tefl should, enter where 
they have Jio priiaicf.'to h^, and usurp the, rural food of 
syllabub, &c. But the dairymaids wear i;irga hoops and 
velvet hood.-^ instead of the round tijlii jnttlijo'it ami '<t.rau> 
hat, and there is as much fo^ipery iutrodaoed m the/twd 
as in the dre^s, — the pure sinipliciij/ of. y'^ouniry is quite 
loHt! The Dean is much obliged to you&iy^iircautioil 
of not over-fatiguing himself; bathe seffv^ youiaa he is 
often served, — he hears youpreac/i and (iwj^, your doctrine 
yood, but does TWt practise: the truth., JB he,cannc»t,,fQil 
he finds there has heen. snch a. total ,Jf£ffI^< of, a ^jiatUM 
Hii/iP'ter's duty here, tliat it ha£ cat. oif t ^> greai deal of 
work for him ; but as it is a work -worthy of « ^ood 
Xtiao, I dun't doubt but he will bo enable^iito go 
through it. _, ■■..,., 

Yesterday, Mr. Bayles and his lady and Mrs. Murrayr 

' KlizalMtli, second dauglitir of Francis WitmingUoi, Eaq., mamed, Regi- 
nalil Wyiiiat, V.»\., of Stonton Hall, Woroeatej»hire, 


(a lady painter), who live five miles off, din^ witH ' lul. 
We dine with them to-morrow, and as soon 'te'"'tli^ 
weather is settled enough for' an expeditiofn; wei are'-ttf tifeM 
at Arglass, about seven miles off, where theriB are fieipi t^n)99» 
to carry cold meat, and make a merry day of ' it ; attd I 
am to provide paper and pencil for taking views : Ihytvte 
taken two of Down, and they are placed in thiB' 1[)6iddt^ 
which will travel with me to England — hut ^rA<fft?"iMifc 
the L^ i* vitjst detennnine. I feel very oddly abdut tt^^lttid 
cannot tell how to wish heartily for this bishopric,' aUid^Jf^ I 
do wish for it too, for if does not come now, it iieVei*'i*fitt 
come. = -"'"' 

How near are you to Meridan ? Pray ask my teoilifet 
for the account of the travelling bog. ' -'"'' ' 

* & a > 

MrK JMithy to Mn, Drfres, ••' r.i... 

HoRy Mouut, 28 Jtiife,' i74fi'.- ' 

I am very sensible of the pleasure my dearest' 'sister 
must have in seeing my brother at Welsbourne!. ^e 
meeting of friends is everywhere a delight, but to i^eceive 
them in one's own home gives the most pleasure,^— 4 
happiness I languish for, and must, till time and tl^eir 
convenience bestow it on me. I have now fbr*'tlie 
(greatest part of my life been the visitor, and thoiigli'l 
am possessed now of a pleasant and commodious dWeUIJig, 
where I could receive my friends >\4th great joy, 1 ahi 
debarred that blessing, but hope I shall find, iri tiiii^^ 
that there is no more hazard or inconvenience in ihlgit 
coming to me, than in my going to them ! God knows 
whether we are to meet before spring or not! 

Lord G, went to my Lord C. as soon as lie was told 

j.i^.hOP MKS. DELANY. '■Mil 

of the Bishop of Clogher's death, antl lUnutmh-d tliat 
Bishopric for D-D. Li>r*l C. said it mu mt<i'j<id to a 
■^is/wp; but explained no farther (I supjxWB tlie removes 
not beiag yet settled), and added he should " not fwffi't hix 
Jrlend." If the Bishopric is to be givou to a Bishop, it 
will of course occasion removes. I heard some time ago 
that iiord C. had decltued that wh<inevor lie liad a fjood 
Bishoprie in his power he would give it (o thf Jtisliop of 
Clojne (Berkel&yj; audi/! As doesl eUall honour him for 
distii^iuishing a oiau of so much merit, aud may then 
faaye xeatson to hope 1>.,D. will have a fair cliance of 
being preferred as he deserves. Cloyne is a middling 
Jiishopiric, not t.o be refused, but 1 owJi Kildare ahtte is 
what I wish for. I hope luy brother may be with you 
still, though I know he does not make long visits. 

Never do I remember such a season ! if it continues, 
this country will be undone ; though now there is as fair a 
show of corn x\& ever I saw in the vale of Evt'sliam. 

Last Monday there was a fair at a town four miles firom 
hence called Clogh, where Dr. Mathews's, family were to 
liave met us, and we proposed it a day, of njirth ; but it 
proved so wet and coUl, we sat by the fire aj^ day. I am 
sorry for the accident to Lady Stanly 'a, picture; but I 
believe it can be easily repaired. I have, drawn a go^ 
deal since I came here, taken three yiews, and finished 
some I Itad sketched out. I have borrowed a fipe, picttu'e 
of the old Duke of Ormond's, done by Sir Peter I*ely, 
«liich 1 hope to copy ; but we are going a little progress 
next week. D.D. is to preach the visitation sermon for 
the Bis'iiop of Down at Lisbum, twenty miles from hence. 
'riiL'y say that pju^t of the country is very pleasant, and 
the Dean will not go without me ; so on Monday we set 



forward, and sliall return on Saturday. We.are.^le 
at a cler<jf3nnan'8 house (a nephew of Mrs, Mathewp^ft) 
Mr. Geer by cname ; lie lives within t^o miles of Lia- 
burn. Our best love and service salutes Welsboiime. 

We have jjfot* an Irisli harper in the house, who plays 
a great variety of tunes very well ; he plays to' us at our 
meds, ond to nie whilst I am drawing. Lady Sarairs 
letter is not come yet. 
. Is Lady AVc'hi. iramilton really deposed? 

Mm, DeJany to Mrt. DnreHj at Cuhrirh^ 

Ilelly Mount, 13 July, \Ui. 

Your letters, dated the 1 Stli June from Welsboume, and 
the 22nd from Calwich, now He before me. I don't at all 
w^orider at j'our taking such a flight, when you could 
leave your boys under so good an inspector. To see* a 
friend one loves there are few difficulties in the way that 
cannot be removed ; and when we consider how precarious 
our enjoyment of earthly blessings are, 'tis ?my to seize 
every reasonable opportunity of gratifying ourselves in 
what is laudable. Never did heart yearn more than mine 
did to have added to the society at Calwich, where so many 
of my fri(*nds wore met, and to. have made up the group 
of Gjym villi's, of which so few are note remaining I Tlie 
Dean wished as heartily as 1 did, but duties call him 
another way; and he has found so nuich to do here, 
by the unworthy and negligent behaviour of his curate, 
that he has hardly an hour in the week to himself: it 
is a vast })arish, and he is deterinnuxl to visit it thoruiujhht^ 
If he can have finished that important work by the time 

OF- MRS. DEI.ANY. 368 

of the assizee, as soon as they-are over (which I fear will 
iioi be till the middle of August), vte shall go to DelviEe ; 
and if the Bishopric is then filled up, and we are over- 
looked, we shall hasten to Kngland with all expedition. . 
I have a very good notion of my brother's improve- 
ihents at Calwich : his good taste, and the natural beauties 
of the place, must make it very delightful. But. there is 
Boraething more to make it so to it-s — the person it 
belongs to ! His tenderness to ye penm/ floicers,^ brought 
the tears into my eyes, and gave my heart that sort of sen- 
sation which can only be raised by the delicacy of true 
friendship — something not to be cxprcst. I have three 
drawings of Calwich which I look at every day ; when I 
return to Dublin I will endeavour to contribute to his 
grotto, D.D. has almost finished all he designs doing in 
Wood Island, which is really a very pretty spot ; and we 
walk to it sometimes twice in a day. I am now very busy 
copying the fine picture, after Sir P. Lely, of the old Duke 
of Ormond, and hope T shall make it like, I paint it in 
oil. Your pictures were not dry enough to send when I 
left Dublin ; you shall have them as soon as I go 

Mrs. Delaiiy to Mrt. Dmoa. 

Holly Monot, 20 Jaly, 1746. 

Whether this letter will salute my dear sister under 

the dear Calwich tent, or within her own walls I know 

not, but as T shall write to my mother at Welsboume, 

I choose to direct this to Calwich, that you may not fail 

1 " Penny flowers. " This probably blinded to the care Mr. Gnuiville had 
abowii fur thciiladt called " Penny- leaf," at Calwich, which w»b MSodsUd 
with his Hister and her former name. 


of liearing of me, unless a letter comes before 1 .99i4il4s 
that may alter the directioxi. Happy 920. I ^)M|f. .I^e 
Granville tent is pitched on the peaceful plaiBs pf^Q^^q^, 
and not amongst the bloody warriors: how minqniMe 
should we be at this time were it otherwise thaxik..^il ! 
The distress abroad makes my heart ache every bpi:Hr;^of,^e 
day ; God only knows where it will end. We loay^^ffi^^fi^\e 
worst as we deserve it, but I hope ten riffhte(nL8.f^fi[k,ijf^ 
be fauful tfuxt tnill yet save the city : and so I .leaiff^^j^^s 
melancholy subject to regale myself with tJie Vii^fffjke 
Prim7V8e\ &c., who have not been a little refreshed j(>j,l^ 
** Pearly DewenJ' and I sec my brother and the coua^^siSV^. 
at the head of the females well pleased and pleA^ing-^iir^ 
know no more of bishoprics. The camp luuB d^o^^e^jidl 
thoughts of the church out of statesmen's headA.f(ar.^ii|be 
present, but had t/te oiie been better regarded, perha^./tile 
other would not have been in the deplorable tmj^ ii^s^]^ 
to be in at present. ;, ,.. 

This is Holly Mount, not HoLY-mount, and doe^ i)ot 
belong to the Deanery, but is a hired place the Deigx^lffu 
taken till a Deanery -house is built. .t . .n; 

I believe, indi^d, Cuz Fo. and you have, ms^^.^a 
motherly conversation that has set Violet a g&pi]%B,Vpt 
I hope to sec the day when she can pay you in your; own 
coin; though I know so few men icorthy of her I do]^*t 
know what to wish about it. You have not mentione^^WJ 
favourite bower at the end of the pond. I hope it flouri^h^ ? 
and where is the tent pitched now ? Has my brother got a 
housekeeper that pleases him ? If wishes could bring us 
together, cither 3'ou and your company would be here, or I 
witli you. I dreamt last night my brother was with me At 

1 Tho Honourable Anno Granville And her siBtor Gnuxs, Mn. FoliQr. 

^DelTTlle,aild oh myhjppiiieSs^ T'hope the Fair Maid of 
Honour keeps up her intimacy with Lady Middlesex ;' if 
she does I should think it mig;lrt be in her power to get 
Violet a promise of the next vacancy for Bed-chamber 
Woman : Mrs. Herbert now, I suppose, quits that post. 
We shall nof. be at all pleased with Lord Kildare • if he 

■ thatrres an I'^nglish woman that will make him live in 
^'EngUnd : he has forsaken a very pretty coaSin of his, to 
'^lii'hora he addressed himself before his father died, and 

gained her affection. His father's ambition was not satis- 
fied with such a match, though no manner of objection 

■ could be made to Miss O'Brian, who is ivry pretty, and lite 
' my cousin Foley — m like, that I met her once at an assem- 
-Hy in Dublin, and followed her from room to room to have 

the pleasure of looking at her. My Lord Kildare ' at his 
death, they say, made his son promise not to marrj" her, 
"-'ftof knowing how fer they were engaged to each other ; 
and the young man very basely did not tell him, for as 
'M ieoi a good mtm it is thought he wou'd not have 
insisted on his breaking his Contract, wliicli he has done, 
and my Ivady Kildare has made her a present of a thousafld 
pound, a.poor recovipmce for the loss of the man she loved, 
the first Earl of the kingdom with the greatest estate. ' 

The Dean wishes i5o much to see the Maid m 
Honour well married, and is such an encourager' 'fe» 
matrimony, that he will hasten to England with 'ml 
espi'chtion to perform the office for Miss Oranville at tfee 

■ Gr.tce Bo;1o,oulydau;^ter and sols hcireea at Itiahard ViaaouotSfaaimoa. 

- J.'iniita, 2UtU Kiirl uf Kilihirc, iiiiirncd February T, 174(i, Kmili* Marj', 
li^iisliUir uf Charles Diiko of Iticliinoud and Lchnoi, kia lordship' was crtaUd 
ViscouDt LeiDster id Feb. ITIU, MarqnU of Kildara id March, 1731, and 
Uiikc of LoiuKtcr, Nuvcnibor 2(J, 176ti. He died November l!l, 1733. 

■i ItuberC, 19th Earl of Kitdwro, died Pebniarj' I2(^ 1773-4. 

2 B?- 


shortest warning, since she does hijn. ijh^. :lHp9[|Q|ai| [4iff 

prefer him, .r,-.^ mi. 

I had a letter yesterday from Mx. St{u4ey^a|H]i|/(igfzi^ 
for Mr. Monck; who told him I wr9te I)ixa,twq )^tfa^^ 
which had exasperated him very much.; ^u^.t^iaftiv^ 
always intended " viakhuj vie a presmt'' o(f.the!,4w^VW9'^ 
the basons, which he is ready to deliyer to; my^ qif^^^ 
will take them ss I tliink them my (nff^ ,bvt cfX^i^^ 
accept them '^as a present;" I shall desire tii|^,iq,bs 
sent to my brothers house, ^.^..^^.^ o(fT 

'ir<i ir^ 

T/jfty Sarah Oateper'io Mrs, Dftm. 

July 25th, 174&.' f'^ hs'^ 

My dbar Mrs, Djawes^ .^, j 

Perhaps it may appear very unreasonablif Jtoyjiff^ 
that I should already expect an answer Iftt^i^j 
who am so lazy myself, and have so Utile rig^^, j^ 
demand an exact correspondence from my firiendf^^.j)^ 
you have been so indulgent to lae,,r;hpfffiBg 
notliing of you I can't help fearing something difi^gg^^ 
able lias hs^poncd; tliat you, or /some o£ yqi^Jtifo^p 
are not well, or have some other grief, and ther^: is ni^ e^ 
of imagining all that may be ; but if^ irall^{i 
happy, it will be kind to let me know it, be<;au0e J.|){|i 
really uneasy for you. My letter may indeed be lost ; 
I should be sorry for that, too j it waS' a long, incoherent 
account of all I had heard of the battle at Fontenoy, and 
it fiU'd five sides of paper, and I should not be pleased 
to have it fall into other hands. I am now with Lady 
Anne, and propose staying here all the summer. T ;un 

*fell"tflyself, but «he cohtinijes im'^loW way, suet as I 
am not satisfied with, though she makes no complaints } 
htr tierves wiU ' prolKilily never recover the sliock of the 
fit, and all to be hoped is, that with proper care sHe'ii^y 
never have another. ' ' '''■' 

The public affairs are not in a way to raise oar Spiriw, 
and that we have no army news from Flanders is coitie 
to be a comfort, for there is no reasofl to hope success, 
arid a great deal to fear if the Allies should be attacked. 
The news of a great victory on the Bhine ia snnk to 
nothing, and the election of an emperor seems to be 
deferred, I hear from town they have made rejoicings 
for our success at Cape Breton;' it is aaid to be a very 
valuable , acquisition, and that is some comfort in these 
bad times. ' 

I will stop here and not venture another' long letter 

tfl} I know if yon received the first, and if you were 

not tired with it ; that is a fear I have just thouglit of, 

and in reason should take place of the' bthir^ "T m^ii^ 

tioned ; but I -find those that regard yon 'take fastfer hol^ 

on my imagination than that whidh WbuW 'bnly' mortify 

myself. My sister desires humble'itervice t6 yoii:I'bt^ 

my compliments to Mr. DeWes' and tbSt^jJdti' Will -riatife 

me to your children, and try to mak^ thfem' uiidfe^rfta!M 

that there is such a person in the Wdrld'who tieret'ititfr 

them, and yet who is sincerely ansiofts fbrtKeif'wtMi'Ji.' 

I am, my dear Mrs. Dewes, ' ' ■"■■' r ■^n 

Your very aCfectioriate .- . 

And obliged hninble serVant; ' 

■ S. CbWtisE. ■' 

■■- ■ -■■ ■ -' .'■: - ;;:.' ot 

1 I'aken fttm flw'PreStih ils jiioe, 1745, 


Mr». Detany to Mm, Dtwrfj at IK^W>«>«fitf. ' - t » o 

EcJtiy Moani^ e6d»f lofAff^J 

Jnd celihrtUe moti (iidy.) 1746: 

My dearest sister, many happy returns may ypu sejfc^of 
this day to bless your family and friends L My heart^9yer- 
flows with wann wishes and with gratitude for the tr;^ 
of friendship this day procured me. This is a< 
(were I to indulge it) would carry me from all q1 ^^._^. 
but words are not wanting at this date to express ue 
mutual happiness we have enjoyed together, and wfei naye 
each of us felt it beyond what words can express. , , 

To-morrow we go to a place called Ballyculter, where 
one of the Dean's curates Uves ; he is to preach on Sunday 
at that church, and in the evening we return again : it is 
* about eight miles off. I hope we shall get home to my 
dear Delville by the 20th of August I had yesterday a 
letter from Lady Chesterfield, who says, '* I hope to see yaik 
soon in Ireland, which mil he a great pleasure to uSy^ aiiA 
as they are to be in Dublin by the latter end of AngoM^ 
it would not look well in us to run away without wttf^li{|^ 
on them, and I would willingly give my Lord Gkestef^ 
field an opportunity of knowing D.D., which cannot* ife 
but by their spending a quiet day together at I>eIviB^ 
where we shall not entertain them as a royal pair, but ia 
a private quiet way. This will keep us tifl the middle rf 
September, and as Michealmass " tigg's'* (or winds) lurte 
an ill name, we think it best to defer our journey to 
October, which generally gives us calm pleasant weather 
— so pray God send us a happy meeting ! 

Yesterday we liad seventeen people to dine with us, and 

I •>, 

*l(jth July. Ann Granville^H birthda} 


aa this house is not bigger tlian Bradley, you may 
think we were well-stuffed. D.D. and I shall dine to- 
day tete-a-tcte, and we drank your health this morning in 
whey and tea. The lovely weather we now have gladdens 
our hearts, I hope you partake of our sunshine as you did 
of our rain. I have been very busy this week at my 
painting, and shall next week I hope finish my picture of 
the old Duke of Ormond after Sir Peter Lely, a picture^ 
thai Jias (and trill) cost me a great deal of pains. 

I must end as I begun, with wishing my dearest sister 
every felicity this world can afford. I am with the ut- 
most tendemesssand fidelity, ever yours, , , -,. 

),j J^ ,:Ii,.., Mfl..DiJitii!) to Mrs, Dewts. 

nolly Moiuit, 10 Aug. lU'i. 

I hope your ramble will do you good. So much 
good company, T think, must have been a rare cordial to 
ths Hermit^ I find his domestics aic not right yet, nor 
can they ever be in good order tiU he has a wife to 
manage them, for men are no judges of domestic affairs i 
we were designed for tliat purpose, and have the talents 
that are Jit for the jmrpose. What you tell me of 
Lady F. S. Is very odd, I don't know what awtbority she 
had for wliat she said, but I believe liord G. has more 
of Lord C.'b confidence than she has. I masi tzasstxihe. six 
lines of Dr. Barber's on D.D., that he sent me last post- 
Let otlicrs ^in from power a titled name, 
Unconscious of the noble rights to fame ! 
On thoc the mitre could reflect no light, 
Whure leaming, genius, virtue, testa mute, 
Circling tby ht-ad with glory's brightest raya ; 
VicoroyB can neiOior give nor damp that Maxc. 

I Mr. GnwviUe. 


Yonr account of poor Lord Nort^'s^ finsily ^la^mmAk 
my heart ache ; but Providence, who ^sees fit' ti ^amd^liifli 
these severe trials of his- resignation, I don't dmkbif iritt 
support him. - ■■ ' .«;.'H ^jirij.^ti 

I am to dress and dine abroad, at Mr« Baylay^TflVMl 
miles off. I am sorry my mama talks of J leaviokg jfeM'i 
I know how loth you must be to part with h6#|:iud 'if 
all my friends are divided when I come to EDgknd^ i^ 
visits must be so too, which will allow me b»t' KtU^ijkkt 
to stay with each. I have had a letter, from my^favotter 
since his return home, and have heslrd laiitdly fton 
Welbeok and Southampton — all pretty wril. My'blnitlitt 
is much pleased vdth Welsboume, and wishes bisi own 
house may be as good a one. -■ - 1 >i ' 

'- > '. 

Mrs, Delamf to Mrs, 7)««ws, at Wdsboum$, .[ i , ;y/t i 


Holly Mount, 17 Aug. 17451 . 

■ ■ ■ ■ • • .1 

My dearest sister's charming packet with hsf, fqwn 
letter, Mrs. Chapon's, and I^ady Sarah's, came safe j^i a^ 
hands and gave me great pleasure and entertainmeat.,[ ;j( 
had made a proposal to Sally which / feared she WQidd 
not accept of, but she is very reasonable in the a^^^i^Q^^ 
I hope ^e is in a way of having her son Hal tak^ off 
of her hands for some years: she had mentioned biding 
anxious about his education, and yet not being able to 
maintain him in any of our universities. The Dean.8H4 
if his parents would consent to his entering the college nff 

> Lady Nortli died io April, 1746. 

;i;,/JOF MBS. DBLANt* ' S77 

Do^tia as a sizer (which in Oxford and Cambridge are 
eftU^d servitors) he i\'oiild take tsire he was treatwl with a 
pferticular regard : they are here npon a much bettor 
footing tlian in England, and have alt the advantages of 
lewtiing, and tike same chance for a fellowship, that those 
hsvfy wlio enter as gentlemen ooramoncrs, and I ofi'ered 
to maintain him till ho had some otlier provision. This 
t^ey h'tve consented to, if Mr. Tracy does not succeed in a 
thuag he has in view for him, which to be snre will be 
bntW", which is gottii^ liim into the East India Coni- 
{Huvy. How extremely well written Lady Sarali Cow- 
ptfjs letter is! she has an uncommon strength and clear- 
B«aa in her manner of expressing herself, I am glad she 
has renewed her correspondence with you ; if she bestows 
on you what she withdraws from me I can forgive her 
neglect, though .irt'nce my bein^ married she has shown a 
negligence that has mortified me extremely. But my 
own dtiar ^ititer's love and gooduoss is permanent, and 
makes me happy beyond expression ; it doubles all my 
joys, and lessens all my anxieties. 

If we find on our return to Dublin (whidlt'T hojte in 
God will be on Wednesday next!) that w^ sbali'- not bfe 
able to go soon to England, we wiD diefer ifetill'Bfrtri^, 
which is a better time than saiKn^ in "Hje'sltort'cold 
days. The Dean has been bo mtich pwpllexed heir* arid 
embarrassed with his troublesome CTiratCi'^dliadisttcfi 
a hurry of business on his hands, thait i^'Vas itnpc^. 
sihle for him to leave this place sooner. Wheri *re first 
came we were in hopes of being in Bng^nd by this 
time ; people who are free and disengaged from any duty 
may be punctual in the execution of their schemes, but 
otherwise it is impossible. , - ., 



I had on Tuesday sixteen people hero : at vdiUneryoiu 
Wednesday ten, on Thursday twenty-two i; auAiyeittthi 
day we dined abroad eight miles oSy and liaFO voidjp^itiiifl 
one day to pack up ; and glad — very gkui-^-^ibiRlb^^o^ 
again my pleasant dwelling at Delville. Thd.^Mfe 
thinks you are in the wrong to teaae yourself aboitlijiwiif) 
little boy 8 not loving his book^ and you should' be: rOMIh 
tious not to give him a distaste to it by preemgi \him^Mk\ 
Tnuch^ for he is young enough to be indulged anotbe^^miif 

Did you ever read Ockley's History of the. Raiwenfi'?^ 
It is a most extraordinary and interesting history.: '"WiliAr 
a chastisement did the Xtians bring upon ihemttdfrlBi\ 
by their neglect of their duty ! .. .':Ni'> tol 

■ 'I \r/iii\ 
A/r5. Ddany to Mrs, Dtvot$, i 

Again I am returned to my dwelling. This platetjtf 
nowjn perfect beauty, and the weather has been b6 fiiitf 
that every hour of the day I could spare frofm budntu 
and me^ has been spent in the garden/ dueflyrfnii 
Pearly Dewes^ bower, where one of our tame robifid^wiiK 
corned us home, and flew to the Dean's hattd fov tin? 
bounty he used to bei^w. But I have my hands M^ftdl 
of business at present that I much fear I shall not ImI 
able to make my letter so long so I wish to wakmiUci 
Just as I came to this place I was interrupted by odo^ 

> Simon Ocklcy, a learned divine and eminent Orientaliai, born at Exeter 
in 1678. In 1711 he wis oboaen Profesaor of Arabic at Cambridge^ nd'died 
in 1720. He wrote a "Life of MahomeC •'Sermum," &a, and ''Tlw 
History of the Saracens,'* which is the most important of his worka. 

pany; tboy have hardly left me time to fill this side, 
bnt I will scribble hard. ■■•■'■' 

'■ I iiope you had an opportunity of going to the nicoH ; 
it is pleasant sometimes to mis in a gay crowd; espe- 
cially ifthe constant couree of one's life is of the sober 
tranquil kind ; it gives a little exeruiMc to the npirits, 
that \i not amiss. I was much amuse^l with your act:ount 
of dear little Court's galLintry ; I am very glad lie ehows 
already so much politeness : politeness is the polish of 
virtue, and it ought not to be neglected. la not three 
years old very youmj for breeches? I know it is tke 
fashion, but I should imagine the spring a better time 
for changing his dress than the latter end of the year. I 
have not seen the Prince's song on the Princess, but if 
it is to express Ms afl'ection towards her I shall be greatly 
offended with the hurlesquers. 

I am very glad you do fiot eapect me till spring, for 
as it is impossible for me to leave this place before 
October, I think it would be «i/er and- better not to go 
till April. I am come homo to & hurry and hare 
found many things to settle in. my bouaehold that ail- 
housekeepers are sometimes .troubled with--8eirFaaf«;; 
accusations that must he oleaned and are vexy .teasd:;^; 
though I don't torment myself with those affairs;, but as 
our family is large, and consequently- expensivo^ it requires 
both my care and attentwn. We Itrft Holly Mount, oa, 
Sunday. After church at Down we went to Mr. Forde's! 
at Seaford, which was some miles on our road toward* 
home ; there we dined and lay that night. The next 

' Matlicw Porde, B»q. of S«itforde, in the ooanty of Down, mftiried m 1721: 
Christian, daughter of John Grahftm of Fbtten. Ur. Foide^ mkrried, 2tidlj',' 
Jane, wklowofSirTiinothr Alloii,«iiddied:inl3iO. ■' ' '-.ill 


moming set out at seven, and lay at Newiy. The next 
day bad ; dined at a plaoe called OmUb BeUug^wf^^^ne 
of the prettiest places I have seen in Ixe)ai^4»;l>^lvT^ 
weather so bad I could not look about me ait alL^ t I^^F^lMt 
night ai Dunleer at Mrs. Hanulton'« ; MisuMa^ ^Svflk 
was gone to town. Got home to Delville about l^^Hf^ ^(fi 

charmed to see it look 80 gay and spruce. Hadtb^pkWM 
of finding Mrs. Green here ready to receive v^^ffffd^jf^g 
pussjf Tiger knew me and caresssed me mightilyir.{| \tf^i% 
letter yesterday from Miss GxanviJle^; our li^cfc^fODMI 
Foley lias been, I find, dangerously ill» but* is ffei^v§M^ 
The yatchs are to go this day for my Lord LieviS^t^ iPhft 
few days I suppose we shall have them. I defdgki tQ ,ip||iH 
my first visit in an Irish stuff manteau and jMttJorafWflR^ 
a fiead the Dean has given me of Irish work; ttw^ pM(p 
tiest I ever saw of the kind; he haa made me .i^lw^rA 
present of a repeating- watoh and a diamcHad rilig[;f^ 
diamond is a brilliant, but such gems are Cfuly vellttuVh 
when they are testimonials of a kind and affectionatff^i^^ijitg 
as such to me they are inestimable. - 71,7 nrr* 

You have heard that the Bishoprics are seized ^c^C^Mt 
to Clogher, the Bishop of Dromore to Cork, ' iuid^ 9k 
Marley (a worthy and man) to Dronrfoie.*' ''/.t*''** 

The following letters appear to have been written 
old retainer of Mr. Granville's, then a waiting-woman' 
DuneUan't, to her friend at Calwich. 


1 • _ ■ 

1 Dr. Bobert Clsyton, Biriiiop of KilUla^ abd afterwards of Cork and KofL 
tranelated to Cloghcr in 1746. Dr. Jennet Brown, Bishop of Dromon^ 
tronslateil to Cork and Robs. Dr. George Marlay created Bishop of Dromon. 

3 J OPF »BS.,Dai.ANy, 381 

:y.<^:i jtiT VTW&VI .tj*7ill brtB ,(T9V« t' Au^. 26, 174«t " 

^"lD*d;fi^tt9Mh¥ftl^;'5fim'ai^Vfe*yiIl-natured not to 
iCT^rifi hear a word from you. Tf ray eyes had not lieen 
(^"^Weikk that I cati scarce see the penn in my hand, T 
wi^a have writ before now, for I neither know whether 
1MW ^dwe has piged, the turkeys hatched, nor liow many 
iWiiSfens you have rear'd. Has the ott-ers eatc all the fish ? 
Etf^'feany young swans have you? I did dream last 
fii^4 that ail the ducks were flow'd away ; is that true ? 
AMfl'^'tel me, T beg and pray, and that soon, what is be- 
eOTHe"''of master ; is he well? is he buryed in mortar? or 
floS6 Ite sit all day long hwnsfmminp at the what do yon 
miS-ii ? May be he is gone to Ireland, and then God 
feftfiw^ what is become of him ! 1 long to' hear ; T fear T 
(AS^ not live to see him any more, for I have had a bad 
#afirot<. Mrs, Donnellan has been very ill, liat, thank 
Qia, ia better. Wc have had good weather ; it is a little 
ia^nded. How has yours been ? We have had ten days 
fine, which has got the com in afeottt Ldfidofi.' Wfe hsiv'6 
had very great rejoicing for the tjAing of lifeWisbui^lii' 
bub you will see all that news. in the newspKpefJs.'Bii'd I 
am too blind to write any more but td gi*e mj'.lovft to 
everybody that I know at OailLwiah j-andl^hope my go6d 
old friend Martha will believe 

That I am moat sincerely 
Her friend and well wishar, 
Mrs. Anne sends her love. A. Q. 

August )*2i8tfai ~ 

' 'I'he town acid fortress of Louisboiirg aurreodeKd to the £ngljidi on the 
16th June, 1T45, after a sie^ of forty-QiDe (k^s. .,. 


'i I ■ ''^ .♦ ' 

A. O. ai Ikdhatm^ to her ^friend Martha ai jMwkL. . :i. •*• 


Indeed, my good friend Martha, it has beena- 
wliile I have taken to answer your kind letter, h&t ifrhMx 
can a body doe with one eye, and that a very faiid'^Mii. 
More over, my hand shakes like any aspen leaTe; liikd^I 
have not been well all sumer. I have a^paiti ita ^ttV 
shoulder on one side, and a pain in my dboW ^oii^'flt^ 
other ; much pain and very lame of my knf^bs^ vtA 
ankcles; when I walk, it is like an el^hatit; #!lUtfttt 
bending a joint. how I grunt and groan nigM attft 
day ! I will take my oath I wou'd rather be an ^dffik 
than an old woman ; but you do not kno^ whaet it iir^tti 
be old ! You are capering about in your fine catdQiny 
and things, like a girl of twenty. I suppose ybtt^'ife 
about geting a young husband. I was tdd sd^'^tljdid 
much good may it doe you, if he gives you a heUr^ 
thrashing now and then. I wish you wou'd tell mid'^iMro 
he is ; write me word what his name is. But- T lUi6e 
this affair do not make you forget the dear p^lgto, tfnd 
turkeys, and geese, and ducks; send me word if tlBflj^'lJe 
in good heart and thriving. And what is master- A6ffi^? 
Is he smothered amongs the lime and bricks ? or iuBS'lte 
got his work done, and laid himself down upon tlie 
gazy hill, to take breath a little? This farions fctott 
weather — I never felt such in my life. Tel him, f^At^is, 
if he have out lived it, that I have thought forty tiii/es 
to come to Calwich, and live in the river amongst'tbe 
otters, and lye titcly with them and tiy whether they ttr I 
should oate the most carps ; and I believe I should hate 
come, if a thought had not changed in my head, that 

JI:j>i;((W MBS. DELANY. Hod 

there might come at once a hundred about me, and eate 
me up, in stead of a perch. You know I am a little 
sliffitikin thing, not unlike a perch or an eel, both which 
tjiey like, and might easily misstake and pick nij bones 
in a moment ; so I chous to stay and be broyled at 
I'ulham. But I have been so taken up with your 
intended marriage, and my owae liistory, that I have 
.;jot said a word of Mrs. Donnellan, who is nearer my 
)jeart tlieji any other tJiing, even the King, his owne 
isclf 1 do not love half so well ! Aske master if that be 
-^not saying a great deal, and tell him, as he renjembars 
(he left her much out of order in London, that she 
^rew worse every day till we came to Pulham. At 
lihat tirao she was scarce able to get ou horse back : 
however, she did, and rid every day, with which she 
.paendcid considerably til the violent hott wether came, 
.which made it impossible for any body to ride, the heat 
fliid the dust was so powerful!. She has not been on 
boirse back near a month, and is iiot ^ well,; T^ t&^ 
less nights, and her cough bad.. Thaat,(>o^^ycBt«r4^ 
the weather changed, and, brought ijW,[S(wpe,,ia^n,^w)t 
before it waa wanted, for this part,(»f tiwwcfj^ ^^.qflite 
burned up ; no grass, to be seen, bat i tlie !«Lffn [e^trei^e 
fine, and ready to reap. If it pleas§ ,(394-'t»',«e»d ,M;a 
good harvest we shall liave, great plenty of. that- c H<w 
has the season been with yo*;? ,., Hai^e,ypu (qiy frftit? 
AVe have not as much a& curansfitt to,,n*ake. a lit^ 
wine with. Well, I wish you wou'd let me.ltpqw.what 
master is doing ! Has he finished hi^ ^Quee, dofte all. }ie 
has to doc, and got rid of his worklpeo?; .Surelyit-I 
thought, he wou'd have been in Loadpo b^fbr^ no^^,i^ld 
have got a new gown, pa purpp^, i^ipk^ig to soe aj^.the 


prime youth of Staffordshire review'd in Hyed F^ 
with Colonel Granvile at the head of them — such & daj! 
So I went ; but when I found it was the Norfolk 
Militia, how was I mortifyed, though they were fine 
men, and very fine officers I But what did I care for 
them? I wanted to have seen master! and now they 
tell me your militia are not yet raised. Good lack ! 
good luck ! What is it you mean, to be so doul ? I 
realy believe in my heart master do not care if the 
French coms and eate us all up alive. Is there not flat 
boats — ^I know not how many thousands — ready to come 
every day ? and when they once set out they will be 
with us as quick as a swallow can fly» almost; ani, 
when they land we liave no body to fight them, becauBe 
you wiU not rais your militia. For my part I dare nofi 
go to the Thames, for fear tliey shou'd be coming ; onA 
if I see one of our owne boats leaden with canxUaf I am* 
ready to drop down, thinking it one of the Frendi. \ I 
have not one word of news, but that it is grown eooklr! 
to my great Joye. Mrs. Donnellan is got on horses \mxit' 
again, and I hope it will doe her good. She aeodii 
master her most kind compliments, and I hope he will 
accept of a thousand sincere good wishes of mine, which 
coms to him heartily. Mrs. Donnellan remembers yoa 
kindly, and I hope dear Martha will believe that 

I am, her true old friend, 

A. G. 
My service to 'Mr. Nathan, tho' I never saw him 
when he was in town. Mrs. Anne sends her compli* 
ment« to you and him. 

If the writer of this letter had lived in these days (1860) she 
would have been better satisfied with the reviews in Hyde Park, and 

Ww'teltevofl she might have appriidcfied the Tliames witiioiit 
fe^«ff beiiig wrrlod off in ■' iJio llat-UiUoinod hixU " of tho Fil-bcIi ! 
9f»ifli^'/ttlie .amusemcDt aiEifdtd b/ th» qoainijiesfl ol" thew 
^{(i^le^,, (litre is an ayideet siaooWy and a devotodness tuwanb 
hei^ oldj' ^^l&M^,'' y^Ji i^ Vtfy plfifl^^^ iulinito I'veJit 

to th« writer., i" " , ,r . ,'i 

■I' ■ .('■II DLlt ! lOiaer-j i lc;ia u VJKI i' ' 

■ :■ ■■■ ^ ifljO .b-iaiin Ji-'f J>jU '■■"*; i:^ ■ ■' 

■ My dearaistt^A letters oftlie 20th and 24th Bf AtigusE 
came to me together. I had the pleasTire of hearing' from 
G-kiaDsstor that my mother got safe there mul that Miso 
KannyViney aecoiBpank'd little John home. I have got 
a^pidmre of you huug up in- my J bedchamber of Mrs. 
IrweosiB doing, by that she bogun a.t Bath and her 
itiemQiy together ; it smiles upon mo and gives tne a sort 
ofimdlancholy gladness, for it Tcally w W« //o;*. ■ 

' I aingl^I 3'ou and Sir Antliony' corrofipond ; when Mr. 
Dewea is in London let liira visit him as often as he can; 
So near a relation ought not be neglected, especiaiBy now* 
he is a lonely man and growing in years. NowitistimC 
for me to eay something of that which is near both 6Ht' 
hearts— our meeting. Tlie insurretjtion in Reothmd has* 
made it at this time unsnfe tD cros.^ the- sem, m thttt tiH thkfi* 
commotion is stilled it wouM tie imprtidCTlt'to'yerrttti^j' 
and my brother eeems to think itwould be rather prudent 
on other accounts to defer our voyage till spring. 

I liave as yet only seen my Lady Chesterfield on her 
public days : I went to her on Tuesday morning. She 
iisk(.'<! to see nic soon again, so I went on Friday morning 
with the Lean, who could not go sooner. Iler days 




are Tuesdays and Fridays mornings for company -at iiiglA 
on those days are tlie drawing-rooms, tod ereYf'^Fiibbliy'k 
ball. There has not been yet a night drawihg^W)rtmi Sdl 
liave not been presented to his Excellency ; but on Tn^itdW 
next I shall make my first appearance in an Irii^U =Atoff 
mantua and petticoat. Lord Chesterfield said ' h*" wtfe 
" very glad to have an opportunity of being petsbmOly 
acquainted with the Dean, of whom he had lieard' ''attd 
read with so much advantage." v- ' '^^ 

I have this week been very busy at work to fitSbh'jffl^ 
hraiick^ for my portico in my garden, but it is not yfel ac- 
complished. Domestic aflairs must interpose fbr'.'lPiWife 
time and company. Coll. Browm is in Ireland, and temS^'tb 
see me ; but I was abroad, and the Dean is gone to fdk bliti 
to dine here. My house is now furnished very comjdtetely. 
Is it not strange, my dear sister, that yon and I' nh^yidd 
dwell in houses that neither of 7is hax)e seen — ^that I ^(Mild 
be unacquainted with your home and you with mme'f JMt^JL 
hope in God this will not last long. . I «: 

Sept. lOtli, 1745. ITATnesTnif]* 

Your letter, my dear ]\rrs. Dewes, gave me a grea|; deal 

I I , 'ill 

f)f plca.*^ure. I was at first a little startled by what you 
say of your illness, but a second reading makes me suppoAs 
it of a sort whicli it is to do good to the world, apd J 
hope no harm to yourself, and if this is the case, it 
not right to be sorry for it. My sister and I are 
much obliged to you for the invitation and encourage 

* For .1 chaiKlelicr ma<lo of sin lis. 

-,-./ tiOK MBfi. J>ELASy. 

f?i^pttjouigjlriB[.as;ik^ ky tli»m«iiwHal waters in >uur 
(P^libouFhood.' I should like the. journey so wuU for 
pne r^afifu, that I ojuld willingly ua<lertake it for thiit 
^ODO, if other cousideratioDS ditl not make it an iniprac- 
■4ioable Bchwfle: at iiresent all .^javtit'S of ploiwim! art; 
ilwt'atonied to W disturbed. by, rackets at lujinti. I wuii't 
/epwtwhat.Iliearof tberoyyoa iway if you plwiHr.' read it 
fin.tbeiJetrtetiI:iiiieloite,,ftTid raufife beg youtD-wniO to Mrs. 
Delany, for I dnn't know how to dirait to; Uur, and Uav-o 
only: tUe. frank, this goes in. ,,: 

, I wish I eouUl bo as easy and unconeerned ss a lew 
hA}>py I people,! that eitlier sedlig better ae worwj tban tlic 
..reat of tUe fworld i treat the invasion out! reliotUmi as a 
ipttimitom ,an(l au inipositioni^ ludeed the attempt seemed 
m wild and ri*sli,:Ui[it at fiTst.! was one ofthe wnbelievers, 
laod,>*liile some- dcuiedi positively tliat the Pretcnder^s 
'BOO was in Scotland, there seemed .io little reason for his 
goiuj^ tliure almost alone, and without any Ibreign'^Mrde 
at hand to lussist luni, tliat I thought it a falsb ailacm ;■ bat 
now tiiat they give up tlie point so far as to confess he is 
there, I can no longer agree with them in being eas;/. If 
it is tnie that the Trench design only to draw our troops 
from Flanders, and facilitate their conquests abroad, and 
that the kingdom of England, and the present govern- 
ment may however be safe, I am sure at least tliat the 
nnluip]n' wretches ah'eady drawn into rebellion, and more 
that may Inlluw their example, must be sufferers. Tlie 
distress must fall somewhere, and all humane people will 
have some share in it. 

You ask me if there is any certain account of Iiigoldsby. 
T hfar ho lias been tried by a court martial, acquitted 
ol' cowardice, but found guilty of disobeying orders, and 

2c 2 


suspended during the general's pleasure ; that this mild 
sentence was occasioned by the Duke's generous compas- 
sion for him, from regard to former services, and to his 
own ihtreaties for mercy, which he beggod in. ike most 
abject manner. He made no defence, unless it oto'be 
called one that he denied having seen Lord Bury* who 
carried him two messages, and when Lord Bury remind((d 
him of the place and other circumstances, he owned-'the 
whole. Some of his friends say he has an illness, whiek is 
indeed a sufficient excuse for all the errors a maa cmi be 
guilty of, and it is pity it was not sooner knowii:;^b«tfI 
think the insinuation in the paper he published^ by whieh 
he plainly endeavours to fling the blame upon the Dtike, 
is such an instance of ingratitude as is hardly pordofiksUe, 
if the account is true ; I can only say for it, H^i 
what I write you, came from an officer who WM>]pne- 
sent, and adds that he will be permitted to sell bisreMi- 
mission. - f. 

To the wishes I have made Mrs. Delany, one curCMAi- 
stance was wanting, that the love, peace, and eonti^nt 
you say attend you, may have no interriiptioQ, and tbat 
Welsboum may be the place where you may enjoy 
those blessings with each other ! I am my dear Mrs. 

Your very affectionate and obliged 

humble servant, / ^ 

S. Cowpk^' 

1 (leorgc K('i»|H'l (fAinl lUiry), nftcrwunls ord Karl of ATlx^niArlej wiyran 
niilc-xle-caiup to Willfatii Duke of fumlieriaiitlfit the Uittle of Fofiieuogr^iiiid 
uith liini :it C\ilI(Mlen in tbe Aillowin«:; year, and brought to LonJun the de- 
s|t:itc}it-s uniiMiMK-iiig the latter virt^iry. lU-coniiuaiuh'il in chief at the roiluc- 
tiou of tlie llavaiinal). 


I'l/ ■,-.i, ,.• -l-s ;f 

^MlT Olf linr ■■■ ■.i'-^-' I- ■!■ ■ Tr< 'i ■ I -1 . Wckbonme, 17 Sept. IT-to. 

ipOfA. tlibiiBaid_tibaiits tsb my deafest La^y Sarali Cowjjer 
ft)p lettingr me see and convey to my siBter the great 
delight of Tout lettor, and such letters are nowhere to 
be met with. The enclosed I received this post, and 
'fcllce the liberty of Bending it to your Ladyship to shew 
some' of my sister's thought* and employments. I grieve 
I may not hope to see - you and Lady Anne ; I ilatter 
myself she is pretty weU, as you did not mention her in 
'yoUT ia«t Irfter. 

'"'! Tlie account you are so good to send of the puhlic 
Mngerr and distress gives me great pain, for though I hope 
the rebellion in Scotland will soon he stopped, yet the 
misery that must be the consequence to some families is 
mournful to reflect upon. I ho inteUigeuce ho good 
or so particidar as your Ladyship's, therefore ahail be 
intinitely obliged by hearing as often -aa writing is not 
disagreeable to you, though 1 have a more tender concern 
in that request, and must add wit^ JemiBja.^, , 

" Bnt of yourself gpcak much, ■r.n. .. ' ■ 

Spciik very much, ajjd still. »pe»k on." . 

Your tenderness will be alarmed at my mourriiiig 
paper, and I mention the cause of itthe last, because the 
subject of it truly affects me from the sorrow poor Mr. 
Dewes is in for the deatii of his mother. She was a very 
good woman, and an extremely kind parent. Mr. Dewes 
lias rewarded her care with perfect duty and aflection ; 
uud had the satisfaation of receiving her last breath in 
blessings to himself and his children. Her pious prayers 


I hope will be answered ; but they filled him wilh'B 
melancholy which I fear will not soon beremovcdy though 
reason and good tewpti' govern all his actions. Hb^iA^-at 
present with his brother, where the gfood old l«dy HVed 
and died ; and that son ha« the greatest los«, for Rh^tvajg 
both liis nurse and housekeeper, and he is an infirm^ ^old 
bachelor. These subjects and misfortunes fill thc^iniiMl 
Afith gloom and heaviness, and wonld make Kfe insop^ 
portable, were it not for tlie hopes of passing through it|4foa 
more happy place, where all our sigliing and team Ishall 
be done away, and where friends meet to part no :rabra 
liut, alas ! I have so many attachments to this worldly iinbd 
my tender chains increasing every day in my little bk^jiii^ 
that I must endeavour to support the earthly <;are8 l:aiili 
encompassed with, and wait with patience a dismianou 
from them. As I cannot turn my pen to any pleafeing 
subject, it would ha cruel to add more than that< rail^ 
in all events and circumstances, my dear Lady Sllrah 

Cowper's ■• I 

Most obliged and most obedient 
himible servant. : . : 

A. Dewk8. ! 

: : - . . I *- 

My best respects attend Lady Anne Coliton. I Iippie 
Mr. l^oyntz and all his family are well. 

• I » 

Jl/r^. Dflony Vr Mrs. F^nyn, 

Delvillo, 3 Oct., 174^; I 

As I thought my dearest sister might have some aQarm 
for her Iriends lui this side of thi* ^vfiter during our waff» 
and rumours of wars, 1 have written to you three poBts to* 

01? MRS. DELANY. 391 

gether, that you might know we are very quiet, arid I hope 
likely to continue 80, if the, good news tliat canw espiess 
yt'sterday to our Lord-Lieut' Ije true, of the rebels defeat 
in Scotland. Irehuid has been formerly a place of great 
disturbance and confusion on tliese uoawion*, but not for 
many years; people- in general are very well afibctt^d to- 
wards the present Governtnaot, and ^vou tliu papists who 
aro not in number what they were, socui to know tU^ 
hn-ppiness iu a quiet possesHJou of what they liav«, bo that 
Iiad England been so imhappy as t-o iiave struggled under 
a civil war, we should have been the quietest part of his 
Msyesty'a dominions. At present the storm seems to be 
abated, and I hope in God, the next news we have from 
liugilaad will be of its being entirely quelled. Wlien I 
consider how great a calajnity a civil wai' is, , we cannot 
bfli too .thankful that a timely stop ig put to it. Slaaiy 
Uviesi already have been aacsifieed to it; but a» these 
Hort ol' distrtisscs cannot subside at onco, I think now 
I cannot hope to see you till spring and calm weather 
and times invite me over, so I must sit down patiently 
to bc;ii- wliat is not in my power to order otherwise. 

I expect a visit this morning from Lady Chesterfield; 
she siiid she would come the first fine day. My shell lustre 
I wrote you word I was about, was finished leu days ago 
and everybody liked it. Twas a new liyhim aa& sh6vs 
the shells to great advantage. I had fixed it up in my por- 
tico, which is dedicated to the Duchess of Portland ; but the 
damp weather made the cement give and I have been ob- 
liged to Ijringitinto the house, and it now hangs in my 
work-room and shows to more advantage. My present 
work is iinishing some drawings for my book, and as soon 
;is Lady ChestecUeld lias made her visit I shall set about 



painting again, but I don't care for interrtiptionft when 
I am at that employment ; my first work will be to givfe* 
my mother's picture one more painting over^— I dotr t fike 
it yet. . i • ' 

I believe I wrote )'ou word Mrs. Green was ill the 
house with me ; her company is rieally what I like, anft 
it is a great satisfaction to me to show her all the kind- 
ness that lies in my power ; as saving a little moneys now 
on first setting out may make their circumstances easy 
for the rest of their lives. 

•« • •' . . 

J/»*». Delant/ to if»"». Jhwfs. 

Dolnlle, 8 Oct. 1745. 

As your letter was dated on the day of the engageioienl 
in Scotland I don't wonder you mention so calmly ihir 
affiiirs in agitation, but before this 3'ou have hjid various 
iiccounts. My mind is now much bettor satisfied, for if 
it please God to give us success we are now very well 
prepared for the rel>els, the Dutch troops and our own 
being landed and the Duke by this I suppose returned 
home. We liave reason to fear a chastisement, as I believe 
there never was more impiety in the world than at tlus 
time ; but I hope there may be ** ten rh/hfeom menfanrid*^ 
to save the city, and that our next accounts from Eng^ 
liuid and the North will bring us the comfortable news of 
all danger being over. There has boon such a run on one 
of our bankers tliat he has been obliged to shut up, but 
they say in the end nobody will lose by it : we have 
luckily no concerns there, but tenants won't pay, and it is 
made at least a pretence for not paying money. 

OP MRS. DKr.ANY. 393 

,il dcBi't think it likely Lord North sliould marry Lady 
WjJ, bet don't wonder where there is such an.intimiwy, 
thfsre should be auch a report. If he does marry again (as 
I tliink it very likely he should), I don't know any one 
so fitted to make him aad his lamily happy as our Violet. 
Hqr disarettan and goodness of temper would make lier 
a Jewel. iji afiimily so mixed as they are. He knows her 
very well, and all her good qualities and has freqneutly 
meiitioned her to mo wiUi great eeteera, but it is to be 
J'eared he may be taken by some blooming tiling tliat 
will marry him for hi'i fortune and to make a show, without 
considering how truly valuable he is for his religious, 
virtuous dispositions. Donellan says in her last letter 
to me that our young cousin and her great friend at 
Court have quarrelled ; that it is an ugly story and much 
talked of; 'tis i\\o\i^i jealou/y is the foundation, but 
gives me no hint loho t/te jealousy is aboui. If yon know 
anj^hing yive me some acicpnut. Deiville saluted Welg,- 
bourne most affectionatly, ' "' ' 

Jim. Dtlamj (o ,Wrs. Pfi'^s. ,- r [ i ' ■ ' 

We are very impatient to know what is doing in the 
North. I thank God here we are very quiet, and hope 
the packets when they come will bring us the comfortable 
news of the rebels being dispersed ; but I dreiid our 
being further engaged in a civil war, and think our last 
accounts were no way satiffactory. Various are tJie re- 
ports ; the last was that Edinburgh ivas burnt to ashes ! 

Last Friday was tlie King's Coronation. I went to tbfe 
Castle morning and night. There was a ball, but no gooa 



danciivj ; and I liope/tir our credit Mri>, Fortcscac will pcimc 
and grace the balL$. Mrs. Clieuevix, the Bishop of £^lr 
laloe's' wife, and I have agreed to go to the Bixtlidajt^iif 
Irish stuJOfs. Lady Grandison^ and Lady Betty MiMUMX 
are come to Dublin, whicli I am very glad of; it :i8; a 
great pleasure to meet witli aji old acquaintance. , X^^S 
Grandison is an agreeable woman and was always, :ir)erjr 
obliging to me. Next Friday I go to Court with. Mi^ 
AIcDermots ; Lord and Lady Chesterfield have hew^-^b^ 
stor}', and are prepared to receive them with distinidi^tii 
which indeed they very well deserve. I have had. & good 
deal of jMrs. Clayton's compiuiy, she is in good .9];^^ i 
their house is very raagniticent, but more for sJutw JU^tf) 
C(nnfortaIfle livintj. I would not give my sweet Delyj^e 
for it, no, nor for any paUicc I ever yet saw. ,.,,.. 

J I ; • 


Mrs. Delahij to Mm. Jhwis, 

DelviUo, 22 Octl, 17,45.'^ j 

Besides the desire I have of hearing from my particulw 
friends, it is impossible at thi;s time not to wish to l^ew 
how public idlairs go on. All things here coniiQai^ 
vi»ry easy and quiet, the militia perform duty every day, 
and we are in a posture of defence to repulse the e^^^y 

' ^kiclul^l ChcuoviZi a]>poiutcd Hit^Uop of Killaloe in 1715, InnaliLted !• 
Wat^rfonl the same vtrar. 

« Thv Iloiirtmblo Krances Cnrey, daiij'htor of Anthony TiHooant 'F^klind, 
Di:irrii)il 'lohu ViLlutf^, Otli VibCiHiiit GraitUiHouaiii] Ut Karl. I4dy {)l|H^bq(|k 
Villiers, thoir Maui il:iuj:ht<T marrietl, in 1731», Aland John MaaoD, Esq., 
M.l*. for Watt-rfonl; and 2ndly, (icm-ral Cliarh* Moiita^t Hnlifai.' liidy 
Kli^iU^tb >1:lsou whs cn-atcd Viso^»unti*K8 (.irantli^Mm, JO April, 1146^ BMd on 
tin; di.ith of her father, 14 May, 17GG, was advanced to the rank of Couoteit 
<irandi.son. " ■ ' 

OP 'HRS. DELASY. 8!'5 

if he is fJarinj* pnongK to attack rtSt We ' iirfl in no 
danger Unless thinge grow worse in Eio^Uind. and I ovett 
I uoi Tthdcl^ no apprfliensioTl that a rigged, ill-tlisciplJned. 
ahdit+e^iMr body of men, though pretty ttumeroas.alioulil 
stand long agftiust (>\\r force* wh^n they ha\'e onoe met; 
ilnless Prwrideuce deigns to chastise na for onr impiety, 
which, indeed, is to be feared. To drive from niy 
ftibnghts unavailing fears, and clivfcrt my mind IVom 
thinking too much of my disappointment tliis j'tar in 
n6t goini; to England, I employ every howr as much as 
possible, I have been sorting my mosses and ores, and 
»Ti going to new arrange my shells. And to tt'V&i- Wo Iarg« 
Vasefe for my garden : my painting has lain dormant 
Stfnie time, having been in expectation of their excel- 
lencies every morning; and I did not care to be found 
in a litter ; and Shakespear and the harpsichord fill up the 
evenings. These are mt/ drams, and such aa refresh without 
intoxicating ; but I believe my spirits would ll;i^' oven with 
these amusements, did they not give so much pleasure to 
D.ID. ; his approving of ray works, and encouraging me to 
go on, keep up my relish to them, and make them ttiore 
delightfid to me than assemblies, plays, or eVen an opera 
would be without he shared them with me; Ea^Or as I 
am in all my pursuits I am easily checked, and the leiast 
disapprobation or snap, from the persSn I wish to obli^, 
in thouglit, word, or deed, would soon give me a distaste 
to what was delightful to me before ! I hop^ this does 
not prnceed from pride, but irom a disposition in my 
heart tliat will nc^t suffer me to enjoy any pleasure that I 
cannot communicate. 

^'cstfrday we were honoured with a visit from our 
ViLtroy iind Queen; they sent over early in the 



morning to know if we were disengaged, as they would 
breakfast. To work went all mj maids, stripping covers 
off the chairs,* sweeping, dusting, &c., and by eleven 
inj house was as spruce as a cabinet of curiositiM^ kni 
well bestowed on their Excellencies, who commended and 
admired, and were as polite as possible. They came 80q6 
after eleven in their travelling cojich, with only^tv^ 
footmen ; Mr. Bristol (Dash's uncle) and Mrs. ■ ChielBe- 
vix* in the coach with them. They were first carried into 
the drawing-room, examined every room in iny> apart- 
ments above, delighted with the situation,' liked lAe 
furniture, but were impatient to see my own^iridrksi; 
upon which the Dean conducted them into the MLmivii» 
where I had t^vo tables covered with all sorts of iMrnk* 
fiist. Wlien l>reakfast was over they made me plaj <m 
the harpsichord, which I did with a very ill grace. TiVliai 
that was done we went into the garden and walked 
over every inch of it ; they seemed much surprised iirtth 
the variety they found there, and could not have'^^aid 
more civil things had it been my Lord CoUians 
Stowe ! They staid till near two, and my Lord Lieot^ add 
the Dean had a great deal of conversation, ivhiah/ 1 
believe was mutually agreeable; we are goiag-.^iUs 
morning to Court to return thanks for the honburtiiey 
did us, and the hour calls u|X)n me to dress. j.- i 

To day we dine at the Uishop of Clogher's, to matram 
at Lord Grandison's. Last Friday I went to CSourtiriih 
Miss Dermot, and dined with Mrs. Hamilton. . i i. 


* 'Hivwi " chain " were dotibtless her own marvellous chenille embroidery of 
flowt'rs from nature. 
' Mrs. Chcnevix, wife of the Bishop of KiDaloe, afterwards Bishop of Waters 

""■ -'l^PMBS. DELANY. 3fl7 

!!'•,''>!- V.' .!■ -_. ;,, ,^ D«lyille^l6th.>10T..1745-. 

Jiul laveTeoeiTed two letters ftom my deareat sister,, witli 
ka' account ol Mr. Pewes's illuess ; your last dated 1" 
Nov', by whicli I fiud I have lost oue I sliould have hud 
between these two. What wretched beings should we be 
withont that consoler— Hope 1 . That cl^eering ray darts 
throDgh the darlfest clood, and I have felt its kind iu.- 
flaeace so o£ten that I reverence it like, a guardian angel, 
rand bud I been a heatheo I should certainly have made it 
jny deity and worsliipped at its sUrine. 'Tis that has sup- 
. potted voe under the great dmjipointMteiit I have liad of not 
-seeing oi}- dear inendy in England this winter, that carries 
ane joyfully on to the sprin^.aml to the happy tiute so much 
iwished for by ua both. 1 could not help apprehending 
Hihat youc care and oonoorfl for Mr. Dewbs woidd hurt 
-your spiritij. Kotliiog i^ nivra wJleciiug .tj/^ fy^^^.p^ifi 
person one loves dejected. The nattire of hia disprder, I 
am ai'raid has made liim so ; though I ara. sure his regard 
for you at all times, but especially nqrw^ \VJ,^ make him 
exert himself to the utmost of liis power, apd oiJght to 
make him consent to have the best adyiife for Jiis healtjli, 
which is of so much consequence to , youi happine^. 
I say nothing of the rebels, for we are,tei;e,mwch in the 
dark about them ; but it is impossible not temfied 
till we bear of tlieir total defeat. 

1 'ray have you ever road the four sermons by Swift that 
wt-re published hist year ? ' They arc very fine and worth 

I Aceorrliiii; to Dr. Joluisuii, Dean Swift gave \\\i menUl labour in 173G, 
tlioii^li i^ne uxiclia pivvio^isly written wure subset)ucatly publuiluid. lu lT4l, 
liu was |>lnci;il iindur legal j^ardiaiia and personal restraint ; and after yeani »f 
rdving, attuniiiting willi !i[iccclilaiii fatuity, he died In October, 1715, 



tlie readiujsj. Have your reu<l liisliop Slicrlaok'ftiB^iAion 
on the rebellion ? It is charming. There i^judtipuVKriiifed 
a luimorous pamphlet of Swift's, I think called !^''iA<lfvMC 
to Servants;" it is said to bo below his geniubi btattai- 
mical — I have not yet seen it* Surel}" I viVOtoy^nmotA 
a month ago of his death/ It was a happy release iAp 
him (I h()}>e), for he wiis reduced to such d^^iseraUe 
state of idiotisni that he was a shocking object ;; jtbop^ 
in his j>erson a very venerable figure, with long silyjer hair 
and a comely countenance, for being grown fat. t]|6: hnii 
lines, which gave him a harsh look before, tv-ere/fiUed: up. 

I have had a letter from the Duchess of Portliutd^ land 
am sorry to find her spirits are very low, • • • i 

Sir Thomas Ilobinson is at Jkrbadoi^s atid iS«tty 
Chapon going to Jamaica. 

-- ,-• I 

-l/rs. Pilany to Mrs. Detrcs, ,.. |., , 

DelvUle, 23ra Npv,,^;^^ 

The arrival of the packets hath in some mea«iimtiirt»- 
Jieved my Jinxiot}' on Mr. Dewo&' account. I hope h^i^tm 
time he is perfectly well, and tliat you are on: tJifr wwg 
for Gloucester. The sooner you are settled thfcro-tliB 
better, for every week adds depth to the roads. i . : 

I don't wonder you should leave your boys r. with 
regret^ but one of them at such a time will b^ «8 niwih 
as your spirits will well bear. Court is of 'ten rage 
not to be left with servants, besides his pretty prattle 
will be a vast entertainment to you and a delight to my 
mother. Last Sunday, at eleven o'clock in the moiwiig, 
Mrs. ( rreene was brought to bed of a plump little boy ;~-it 
was very lucky the nurse-keeper was in the house. 

niuYest^ay I Went bofh morning and eveaing' to the 
fOaktaisiiwithMrs-Matley/ There was a faU Conrt. tora 
■Md'tadj Cliestwfield dined at the Bishop of Cl&;;fi^r's 
-IsstiiWednescIay. Nobody liVcs with more state "and 
>«hoWit!hftn th<y do: fine liouse; tine Airnitnrp, fine clothes, 
Mid'ie^etv tine thing'; bnt T would not chatigf mv 
dstate-fwitli them, fortlioy are so mUch eiiga^fd iu tlie 
■Ifflttiyfend grandenr of the world; that they havc^notnow 
anytitttiB to' enjoy the more ratiijvnail "ploasures of friend- 
^bi^ a»ld conversation.* Poor Miss Mary Forth has been 
e(ttrfetWisly ill but lier disorderiiot known ; I am nmcb con- 
'oamed'fot her; she is a most sensible and valuable erea- 
tnre, and has been greafly hurt by her attt-n dance on my 
ftiwifl Mrs. Hamltm, and seeing all A^r trouMeg and sick- 
ness, I believe lias been tUe principal' cause of her own 
present disorders. 

Never were people so earnest after news as we are, and 
yet no news can wc hear that may be depended on. The 
takin<,' of Carlisle by the rebels is the last we have had ; 
some lament it, others more politic say it will prove a 
trap to them. Pray God send ua'peace !' bftt it seems re- 
moved far from us. I have not heard from my brother 
Granville a great while. Is it not a shame to say I hope 
he is Jio/ enfjaged in my Lord Gower's regiment ? Should 
I not have a more martial and public spirit? If giving up 
my own life would save my country from niin' I think 
I could do it, but to bayard a dear friend's at an un- 

' Mrs. M;irl(!>-, wifii of lb« lilsboii uf nmmnie. 

' This is ll:c first comment upon tlie Bishop'd rtti<! Mm. 'ClayUrtl's pWi- 
cetUinss altot Mrn. Deiniij's retunt to Ireland, nud clenrly ptw^oa t)iat iil.o 
lins liiiil rcusoii to lielicvo tliem Ixitli cliaoged for llio worse in lliu twelve jcura 
fif htT aUcncc. 



certainty I cannot bejir, and I hope in God he U'Mfd'hm^ 
any such hiizari You have not mentioned him litely. 

I was going in all haste to have a new fruit widl built, 
but it must now be deferred till spring. Ilie lawn before 
our house, where our sheep are to feed, will be finished 
soon, and will be a great improvement to the view before 
that part of the house. I am deei)ly engaged in copying 
the Ducjicss of J^Iazariu's picture ; yesterday I finished 
j)ainting the face for the second time. I have copied in 
large one of the sketches of Dovedale that I took when 
we were there together. How many tender ideas did 
it raise whilst I was drawing it ! 

On the Princess of Wales's birthday there appeared at 
Court a great number of Irish stuffs^ Lady Chesterfield 
was dressed in one, and I had the secnt satisfaction of 
knowing myself to have boon tlio cause, but dive not sajf 
.^ lure; but J say, '* I am <'lad lo find mv Lad v Chester- 
Hold's ox.nnplo has li:ul so ;^ood an inlluenco/' The poor 
woavrrs arc starving, — all trad*.» has mot witli a great check 
this year. 

iK'hiiK-, ;;oi!» Nov., 1745- 

This fulio I hope will find my dourest sister well re- 
royored after the fatigue (»f hor journoy and her dear boy; 
and our dear mama hai)py with lior well beloyi»<l gueHts. 
and my letters will iind the way aftiT you ; O that 1 cou'd 
at this instant be as easily convey 'd ! Mr. Duncomb's 
letter that came by the x post came very expeditiously. 
AVhcn you are brought to bed I bog I may have an ac- 
count sent me by x post and by the other also, for fear one 


should miscarry, filrs. Green luul an oxtraonlinary ijooU 
time ; site says she eipected to have firlt a grnnt tU-al more ; 
I wttfl surpriz'il at Omt, ior I always thought wliaterer 
apprelionsions -wtTe, pain always tar exceedud tlium. I 
pray Gud it may be sc witli you, on his mercy and jjood- 
. ness I roly, luid that only can support my spirits at this 

. I very aiuoerely rejoioe, aud so doca the Beau, at ilr. 
Dewea's recovery ; w« Iiave Ifoth telt a great deal of pain 
on his account. I could wiah if bis feverishntsa is •roan 
off, that he would take Dr. Bave's hitters j I beliere I seut 
you the receipt : tlii-y have done gri*at service to many 
people to whom I have recorameaded them. 

1 am glad the fair httlu hoy was so well bofore you 
were obUged to leave liim. I tliink you have exerted 
the motlierly authority very heroicall}', and 1 don't doiiht 
liut he mil hless you in time for the liltlt: mrnui' he ha* 
received from your hands. You have more merit in such 
a case thau the generality oi' nioUivra can Jiave,. 
you have more tenderness almost than any human 

I con^atulate you on the finishing your curtainSj and 

' 'I'kii 110 iIcHilil an alUisiim lo very u'liolcsome instrument of cor- 
rcctiun, in llie luind of n judicious parent — n small legitimate real birch md, 
tijc disiiw of which Id tlio prcaent a^'', I'rom tbc inaudliu Hcntiinuut of thoso who 
ciitiiiiJiT lliemsclves so much wiser iIliii Solomon, lias ioJ lo correction by all 
sorts or i«lty tortures, I lail for liocly and mind ; and ha>" condiiceti very much 
tow.irila gluttony, l>y the Mnlostilutiunnrihupunishmontofiirivatiouof food, or 
the clian^c of cliildren's .IJet to what is most dlslihed, as well as otiicr equally 
injiirimis ]ioiinncc!i nhieh fret this tcmptn-, under the mistaben idea that thn 
Tirawinins fBCullieaof cliildren oun be exereiied htfon lltey art /m-meil, arid 
ihat (lie iiistnntancuiis and etTicacioiiH, llioii^h haniiless, Miiarl i>r a fuu tuiiis 
ofliirch is Iwunalh the diijnity of a mother lo ai)ply or a d.'scendant of Adam 
to receive. 

VOL. ir. '2 D 



think it a i>xst work accomplished for a person engmged 
Avitli such a familj of children. I Hko the oharader cf 
your wise neighbour, and hope to hear of an inorauBi-cf 
liis wisdom. -f ^wwu.-r. 

The Bishop of Waterford died yesterday mornings and 
beforo noon the bishopric was disposed of to CfaeYenu; 
Bishop of Killaloe, and the bishoprio given to Dr. Syiigi 
Archdeacon of Dublin/ and the Archdeaoonryl to Dr. 
Pocock (the trayeller), chaplain to the Lord Lieutenant. 
Now I know the rage boils, and that eyenyini almost iBsy 
bitter things, but the present Bishop of Waterford is a 
very humble and honest man, he has a family of children 
and no Ibrtune ; and I only wish that bishoprics were 
generally as well bestowed ; Killaloe is not worth a wiiA 
and much less any regret. it 

We were invited to dine at the Castle yesterday, and 
wore received with great politeness and good bnnioiiB; 
nobody there, but ourselves : as they said they ^* vdalied 
to have us alone, that they might enjoy our oompM^ 
without interruption." My Lord Chesterfield watti&.kig^ 
spirits after dinner, which was small and very: good ; 
coiiee was then set on the table, and the Deioi wadjmif 
Lord Lieutenant fell into a very entertaining and agree- 
able conversation, cliiefly of poets and poetry. Thete- is 

..;• 'ii" 

I Charles Este, Bbhop of Ossory, was translated in 1740 ti} tbe bishopikCpf 
Waterford, in which he was succeeded, 174.\ hy Ricliard Chereniz', Bishiip of 
Killaloe, and Nichulfti By nge, Archdeacon of Dublin, was nmde.BUlopff 

3 It is worthy of remark that Mrs. Delany never considered it beneatb die 
rafinemcut of her taste, or the superiority of lK*r underscandiiig^ to comnmt 
xiiton the dinners of her friend;;, and often to give details — not lliotc of $n 
epicure, but those of a ^entltrwunian whost* daily duty of honsehold supem* 
tandencc at boine mnAe licr oliservaDt of what was right or wraiig tlit^lHHKi 

OF MRS. DELAN7. 403 

OBO eBtertainment equal to tlmt of hearing two very iii- 
■git'Dioug men talk on agreeable ■ subjecta. We stayed till 
beaf seven, and caine home ivell pleased with the enter- 
tainment of the day, and not at all mortified with the good 
fiartune of otliprs. The Doan lias always ono happy and 
jiever failing aitisfaotion io his own way of thinking'— 
vhich is a firm conviction that all things arc ordered by 
^'tv'ise Disposer, who knows best what la good for us. ' 
.) ilThe bell rings for church, this being St Andrew. HI. 
'C«i«ddifcfew'.liDe»l';willi'., ,^iM'M '.-n-i -ihi ^.-.u-i i f/:>/L 
a hf Inoh^iitV/ I" ^ifulriH iifmvtti yif.l tnil .a^oiiij 3u.(Jiil 
U-nhirij.')'iQ yliiiitrt i; -j:ii til ,iu;iii i^^.ii.ul Iiitk i>Mfill/il fciy 

Indeed, roygood friend Martha, yon send me sotriany 
Jfine presents that I shall blind myself mth tJianking 
;yon, or what will be almost as bad, kill myself wiUi 
eating them. t:>ach atmrkey t O-how xaonstnaastyiJLidid 
eato, and to be sure it lasted me more meals than one'; 
though I did give Mrs. Donnellan a bitt, fihesends her 
compliments to master, and. desires you will t^ biwi 
that he is sadly wanted in town, and -upon' my word I 
long to see him more than I will say. We have terible 
cold weather ; I liave been lialf froze. 1 realy thinki 1 
shou'd not liave lived last week if you had not sent me the 
good turkey to cute, it kept the frost out of my stomach. 
I honor Toby for killing so many ratts, and I am rejoyed 
to think tlie fox is killed ; I wish you could kill ten more, 
and then tlie skins would make me a gown. But can 
you tell rae how you catehed liim, for here is the greatest 
devil uf a fux at present hanging about St. George's and 
Westmmster that was ever known anywliere; he de- 



stroys every thing lie comes near, 1:K>asfc and* bbdl ; samfr 
people think he has brought to his den the vevfr iking ttf 
beasts; he does not kill them all, for he could' iDdbsk 
so many, but he Twofe.'? tliem dentrdy one another I He 
has a cunning way of drawing tliem all about him, and 
they say he has a kind of glittering dust in his brush 
that he shakes when they are near him^ and the dust flies 
into all their eyes, and from that time they do nothing 
but devour and eate one another, and he does not^ftt^t 
to make them bring tit-bitts and good morsels tO'^titi 
his own maw. He has been hunted these twoWf'ttoMi 
winters furiously, traps and gins of all sorts set, bttt helMb 
not yet been catched. Now, dear Martha, if ybhte^ 
put me in a way how to catch him I wou'd cut CJlT ISi 
tail and put an end to his shaking that cursed i^hinilij^ 
dust about, and pull out both his eyes, then ybU' iHMI'I 
wou'd carry him about for a shew, we shou'd'''gel**il 
power of money by him at sixpence a piece. I aifl 4kM 
there is not one county in England where he has^iiol 
sent some of his ow^n breed to, and has given them iMiA^ 
of this more than accursed dust, with whicJi thery^'lld 
more mischief than any beast alive has ever 'dji^ 
Maybe it is one of them you have killed for ftitf % 
shou'd burry his brush deep in the earth for fear of this 
same dust ; and liave a care of your own eyes/and I- beg 
master will take care of his, for they say it may^do 
Christian's eyes harm as well as others. '^^* ; i 

The King of Prussia is well, and going into winfi^ 
quarters : he says he will knock all tfieir heads togMo" 
in the spring, and T hope he will. ./I 

I have no news. My duty to master, and tel him, I 
prodigouiily wish he wou'd come to town this bad 

f)I' Mils. DELASY. 105 

tlior. I hope yion will take caxo and keep yourself warm 
tfaia. ' winter. Mrs. i Donnellan is remembered to jou, 

:>(( ' ■.■r'M'.iUT ^iw' JjBM.IIarUjfl., sincerely yonrs, , .miil liindK lift uv.xW 'jtir"u-M. '■■ yc.v 'j'liinil.;' Qc'if 
JeiiTd mi ui i>:vt- ^fifT'Jiihj 'in tiuri a yjrl oH yjw v«iff 

),)Xi5^.1).ad just finished th^B ?crolc wli^n Mrs. ]UounelIa^ 
Waa, informed that Jtr, Granville had been very ill, but 

was better,. She sent immediately to Iiis house to ea-; 
q^re.'but his servjuit knew nothing of it, so tliat she i^ 
:;^ hopes it is not true; .how^Ter she shall be very glad 
to hear either that he has not been ill or is, better, if 
Wie report is true, and she .desires friend J^Iartha will 
^ake her kind comphments to hira ; apd she hopes If ,hp 
has been ill that he ^vill come to town as sopn as he i^ 
JVell enough to :venture, and she shall beg tp heiix how 
ie does, an she sliall not be, ea-sy about him till she doee- 
Grua waK uuwiihng to send her letter till she heard 
jnore of him, but Jlrs. Donuellan thought il' he was 
pretty well it miglit divert him, and was an opportunity 
of sending both wishes. ., 

iJecembec 12^ 

The Editor has not found amy clae bywhiob to id«iltif^r4^ 
writcT of these curiona and entertaining letters.- . Jhati fihs had-be^p 

in the service of Mr. GranvilK' is t^viJcul, and lUat she wrote tu 
a person in his service, and residing with biui at Calwicli is also 
clear. But there is a liumour, and an interest in public nlliiirs, and 
a vein of irony, which, cunsidcred willi orthography, which is very 
little inferior to that of the gentlewomen of the tone, i'nflic;ilcs ihiit 
she was one of that useful and respectable class which has di.-ap- 
pearcd with the <;Kitury— 'ft cleigymftn's ■' oc ^pooir ' gMlleduiu's 




daughter, who, well qualified in all domestic' nttlttiB^ toemid'^ 
*' took service' as a howiekeeper or » geatlewonuKi's- mUtnfii^jiii^ 
when there was no com{)any and she was not t^gffffi^- ii^jJ^Sy^ff^- 
ncss of her calling, assisted lier mistipss in ingcsgipifii i^o||^flk^and 
did nothing without her knowledge and sanction. 

■ ' . 1 1'-' I *il <.'•.! 

1 I r 


I if I 

Many flying rei>orts we have had of the enttre'diiflMlt'^f 
the rebels, but there is no stress to be laid on 9lii]^>ttMh| ; 
besides the rumonr of one day is contradicted by ihil Mitt. 
I have answered all yonr letters ; nerer wm one mdrd^^WA- 
come than that which brought the account of niy brd^lMf's 
being with you at Gloucester. I had terrified tnyMif ex- 
tremely on his account; I could not think of kiiA'^flilr- 
rounded by those desperate rebels without feariiig'^'tte 
worst that could happen ; but your letter happilyMlieVed 
me from my anxiety. .1 >j. 

I don't find that the troubles of the times have given 
any check to gay doings in tlxis part of the world/; The 
castle is crowded twice a week; plays, afisembly^ and 
drums, are as much frequented as ever. Itnufftbirn 
this may be a right |X)licy to keep up the. hopear- pf 
people, but I am surprised that their spirits BhoTdd-keld 
out ; and I cannot but think, under the terrible aj^q^ 
hensions of losing our liberty and our property^ it wcndd 
be more becoming to (/ft(3f^' our diversions, especially as We 
have reason to think that the great irreligion and Itunity 
of the times have brought our present calamities pn 
us ; though (1 hope in Go J) we liave no apparent 

to ifear that the rebels wiU succeed Id them llittCM>i|ito-.Wie 
'already feel, and mast still feel nmre the udisfiebU t>f 
ianly an attempt, for expenses Imve been vevy ^TMt, 
'iind it will be a considerable time before those woutt& 
can be healed. The distcmpei" amongst the cows aboat 
London ' is a sad distress; I hope it has not reached the 

I wrote you word last Saturday that I was to have a 
rare rout. I had two tables for dinner, ten persons at 
each table ; my hail is as lar^^o as my parlour, and 
'WfHTded, so I tliought it best to have one of the tables 
plaoed there, and I desired an aunt of Mrs> Gre<?n's to do 
tfeft hocoure for me, which made the aSair very ea*y. 
iMrs. Green sat in my bedcliamhor to receive lier com- 
jMOy, and everybody was gay and well pleased except 
young Mrs. Agar, the daughter to my Lord Cafitlo- 
dnrrow' (whose son, Mr. Flower, married Miss Tatton), 
and she poor womtm was^ken ili at diuneri a^ui ia, danger 
of miscarrying : I urged her fe) stoy as much ■« -I could, 
as I really thought she run a vast hazard in gfling home ; 

■ - i-n r-^. I 

1 Tho distemper bore aLludcd to amongst the eows, was a violeot iplkin- 
matory fevpr, nttributcil to tho wetn^M of tho aeflson. It prevailed in 1744 in 
Uie Hofltb of Frence, Sft'^oy, and Italy, and sftorwsrdi comniMiMji in Btvedtn, 
Norway, Denmark, and Great Biitaio. The recdpt madeuseof {n Sw«dwpu 
considered very eitioacioiip, and printed at Stockholm, in the King's printing 
office, in NoTnmber, 1745. It waa composed ofMiafceWeed, Ctonphrre,' va- 
lerian, elecaniiiane, li>vB^e, laurel berries, the root of angelica, culioe ttui|t|es, 
agaric, and roots of roaaterwort. All these ingredients, in vadoua proportions, 
were to be reduced to powder and miTcd with IfiJ ouoeea ofeotnmon sali. It 
wiui to be administered to each cow fasting, on tcnslod brea'], wliich was tobe 
3prinklud with na much as could be taken up with the thumb and finger. 

' William Flower, ereatcd in October, 1733, Baron of Castle DunoW, cotinty 
Kilkonny. He married Editii, dau^ter of the Hon. T. CauJfiey, and iiatl a 
son, Henry, who married Miss Tattijn, ^m'gliter to General Tattoo, and a 
daughter who married in July, 1741, James Agar, nsi]., of Jliagwood, county 


but home she would go, and the day after she miscarried, 
but is in a fair way of doing well. 

Last Monday the Dean and I went to the rehearsal of 
the Messiah,^ for the relief of poor debtors ; it was very well 
performed, and I much delighted. You know how much 
I delight in mnsic, and that piece is very charming ; A>at 
I had not courage to go to the performance at ni^^^ the 
weather was so excessively bad, and I thought itrwonlil 
be hazardous to come out of so great crowd so tost, that 
is my kind guardian thought so for me. ■•' ' 

The great folks at the Castle continue to show^igieat 
favour, but we pay them little attendance, no ' lAore 
than not to be remarked as backward. Everybody" ia^to 
appear on the Prince of Wales's birthday in Irish stttflb^ 
as they did on the Princess's : I have not yet bought 
mine. My new housekeeper promises very well, fttfdl 
have got a pretty young cookmaid^ that dresses 'meat 
incomparably well, as far as we go, for we keep a plam 

I have desired ^Ir. Stanley to pay Mr. Dowes twenty- 
four pounds, fourteen of it to be disposed of as usual; land 
ten pound for Mrs. C. on H's account, inde^ I meftnt it 
for him, but my money waA not paid time enongli beJGKre 
his sailing. The Dean's kind love and wishes attend 
the " pearly Dcwes." 

1 Tlio Mcssialt wiw first pcrfonuvti in Dublin on tho 12t}i of April, 1742; 
\i'Iu:n Mrs. CiMxT executed her air» 8o ituthetically that I>r. Delany is nud to 
have cxclftimeil as he listened, " Woman, for this, be all thy sinii forgfren.^ ' 

' 11118 in not in l)c un«!({rstooii to nraan n C4X»k with a pretty fiuv, but a dfVfr 

person in her busini-Hs. 

savaofr inis. dklany. < > u Wi 

^lomraaiat scb i»A«^sb viii baa .o;i Liovv adi, uo/jil 4ju1 
lii liBniiailoi eUtt-nBitmrto XikiSmt^M (nM»tfrA....fif i^u.t 

I .Your letter oi' tlie 2ytUof Bee. came smiling to make 
the new year opeu witli a fair ajid promising aspect. It is 
impogsible, if we ever make aay proper reflections, not to 
have the heart truly eensible at this season ol" the year of 
the many I^lessiogs we enjoy which demand our moat 
.grateful praise and thiinksgirtng. 

A thousand thanks for aU your kind wiahea, wliich are 
letumed hy D.D. and me to the utmost. As I write con* 
stantly to you, I don't address a letter particulai-ly ty 
my motber, whicli I hope she does not think disrespectful 
or unkind, for my affection and duty for her are more than 
my words can express, but I know when she has any 
letter to answer it is a trouble on her spirits, though when 
you are unable to write 3'ouTSclf I know her goodness 
will indulge me at tliat time. 1 

The ugly rebels have been this year a-publio and 
private plague ! Had it not been for their- proceedings we 
had in all probability been now together ; though when 
the hour comes so much wished for of my Betting fooi^n. 
English ground, I sliall then rejoica that I was k«git 
so much longer in Ireland amongst them. I cannot ex- 
press whiit a joy and satisfaction my brother's being at 
Gloucester has been to me ; I know how happy his com- 
pany makes you all, and tlie dread I had on my spirits 
when 1 imagined liim a prey to the rebels b reUeved. 
1 tlud the town is resolved to provide a young wife for 



Lord G ;^ surely he is not such a Jew as. iu . thein^i^vi-Qf 
sucha Tariety to confino his choice to hifi ow?i tri)i^?.£(e 
has not before been famous for his love of couwvn ^ • .« m .it ■ 

The Dean has had a bad cold, which he caugbiibyjw^ 
ing damp books ; during which time I was so g^radous 
as to indulge him with my English room, which is very 
warm when the wind is easterly. We lived four days in it, 
our quarters are now enlarged. I have now finished 
my three and thirtieth drawing for my book,'aixd^-am 
reduced to the fruit of my imagination. I have tnadewie 
landscape after my own whim, which is a fitvorite 'of. Ihe 
Dean's. But his partiality takes [She s/umld >9ljj^ majf 
he suspected to '' take'' (in the Dean's hand)] place 4>f! hit 
judgment. - - >* • v 

We have almost finished Sir Thomas Hanmer's Shake- 
spear ; our next study is to bo the Life of the Adiaitall^' 
which they say is very entertaining. I hope soon io ham 
Letty Bushe here. ' • . i * 

Mrs. Barber, the painter's wife, is brought to bed <if « 
boy ; they have now two boys and a girl. Stnoe tiMtiwy 
coki tceather we have taken to our old sports of huDtiag 
the fox and puss in a corner, which worms us better jklia& 
a great fire. I have sent you a grey stuff sach as iB tbe 
present mode, and the Dean has taken the liberty to asnd 
my mother a brown one. They go witli a cargo of goods, 
and a merchant has undertaken to send them all safialgr- 

1 Lonl Granville, Vhoae attentions to Iiis couBin, the Maid of Honepr^ wiqe 
"before mentioned. 

' llic Lives of the AdmiraUand other eniisent British Seamen ; Vy J.Onq>- 
bell, LL.D. A volnmiuous historical, biographical, and political writer^ wai 
Wn at Eiiinlmr^h, 1708; died at London, 1775. 'fins vi-ork passed ttiiou^ 
three editimis in the author's life. 

■^ " ' OP MB9. PELAXYi ' * 4U 

fPoiailff 1>lJ.'P6cock dines wifeb lis; On Monday I ara to 
■bWve" UiW. 'Hamilton's foui' sons alid two daughtere to 
choose' King" aaid Qneeti, i^fai^'WiU' make'^^'yoiBtg 

■»thiBig!l.'iii^pyr .. .I'./'l'.- , Ml. .;.;.! .;J.M, .,:1 .,,■ .i 1 .,.-1 r 


l,.i,j,i,,it v; ..1 ■ Di;lvil!t,n Jau., 1T45-6, 

iriMupdeawsil sister's letter of the lost day of the old year 
■driighbed my eyes last Tuesday. I liope you went throOgU 
:imyour!Xtra»s routs without taking cold, or being too 
BHwh&tigued. It is a time that custom has given up to 
4nifth, i{Ul4 U far as cheerful society and hospitality 
goes it Qught to be continued. I have not had much 
■afiitihere. nWe are too near the metropolis ibr that sort 
Hlfl.irlilffiDg,; especially this wicter, when everybody is 
■engiaged' iaaxoore public way of diverting themselves. 
I have withdrawn nivsi-'lf rnnii tlicsL' sort of engagements;, 
and find more pleasure in the quiet enjoyment of my own 
amusements at home than a crowd can give , ;ine ;. aod it 
is very happy that as our season of life chaogeaour taate 
for pleasures alter. In the spring and-SHfiuuer of life 
we fiuOer and bask in the Bonflhino of djverwcins-rrit is 
true vre run the hazard of being tamed' > and. iioldoip 
escape it ; in the autumn and in the winterj of life w& by 
degrees seek for shade and shelter, »id if wehibTQ itHHie 
a good and prudent gathering of fniit and harvest, we 
may then have the full enjoyment of them, as long as the 
great Author and Giver thinks fit. 

My eyes have continued very well ; and I have painted, 
and drawn, and read, and work'd, and done everything 
with them without any return. I am very glad you 


have had Sally in good spirits ; Iistrppose nbtff hm left |fed 
before this. I take her rebuke, which 1 'well -deydfvifedl' 
and will write to her very soon. I spok^ to- Mn-BaAAri 
about copying Lady Stanley's picture; and aa Moli'<iikl''iE' 
receive my brother's commands will set about it.' ^pMf 
let me know if he would have the little Oiipid atiidt Ittft* 
whole copied /u^ as it is. **"'^ ' 

Last Twelfth-day I invited Mrs. Hamilton'^ little ftinSiy ' 
to choose King and Queen. The eldeist daughter ilbtftt- 
nineteen, three boys, the eldest thirteen, and a litCl^'^r 
not yet five, a most delightful entertaining child." Sbi'^lArii^ 
Queen, and entered into the part as well as Garribk'CcrtiM' 
have done. I sent them home loaded with pluitmsftkeij fti^^* 
in fine spirits. Last Tuesday we dined at Lord* 6hnbl^^' 
son's : Lady Betty Mason has lost her third child, llM' 
has now only a little boy four months old. Otir nttttety* 
goes on finely. Yesterday arrived our ingenious Lettj : 
she has brought good health and fat sides, and I am 
very happy to have her ; she has spread before me some 
of her drawings that she has done since I saw her, 
and they are charming. I lent her some prints of 
Claude Lorraine, that she has copied to grAat' per- 
fection ; and now we shall paint and draw anff bUiitfieiP 
together as fest as our hands, eyes, and tongues ^n gd:" 

My spirits rise as the sun grows brighter, and thotl^tt' 
must be some months hence, I hope in God this witf W 
a year of our meeting. I think it best to inibrih' ^Jwii' 
and my brother about the time we propose seeing Bti^iAid!^' 
that you may contrive your afiiiirs to the best advanfii^e^fllf' 
our being as much together as possible. The Dean Irtttky 
not leave Ireland till he settles his accounts, which will be 
in May, and about the middle he will be quite at Uherlgr*;. 

J ,.4>FHIiS. DELAKY. 413 

TJaatitoo ifitlie safest season for crossing the sea, and if wo 
stay, till itHen AVB may spend a whole year in J^ngland. 
1 bane inat ,yet finish'd the Duchtiss «f MuKarin ; tJie cold. 
wfeather and dark days kept me very idio, I now am 
io fnil employment- To-morrow the Biahop of Clogher 
wid Mrs. Clayton dine here. 

1 liopc by the a<icounts we have had lately oS the rebels 
that tliey will no mor^ molesb us, Our Duchess, I suppose, 
is atAVhitehaJl before this. 'She hits beun much all'ected by 
tbfi troubles of the times ; Lady WaJHngl'ord was with her 
a,tliid.-itPO(le. We have j ust finisli'd Sir T.H's Sliakespear.' 
It' is a very complete edition. I have been tormented 
ail tin* inoraittg in looking for two guineas' worth of 
tickets tor a lottery of books, and cannot find them ; and 
vfitU Buslie'fi ol)attering and shawittg m«i|ei}d<HwiitiSrM 
Iweruuraway with my, morning, v'' -tHil i; 7(,t<.. wo.c rniI 

Mrs, Delany to Mrs, Dewea, at Oloeesle^. ^ , . , 

,Delville,'l8 Jrni., 1745-$. , 

I am now under some distress fpr. poQErliJcSc.Greta^li* 
her pretty Httle boy, I am afraid^ is in a,v;ery,^ngeiio\ja( 
way. Dr. Barber has attended him,, const^lllyiafldithist 
morning desires the assistance of ajitWJD?ldn[ife to copfiiilt 
with. Mrs. Greene is greatly a^cfcedj 8he,ift,of.a|(juie^ 
affectionate disposition and not apt to, complain, whi^U 
makes grief prey upon her more sharply^ , we h^d all gronv 
very fond of the little boy; it is, an exoeedingly prettiy^ 
cliild; but I hardly think he can recover. ., ; ., ;,. 

' Sir Tlu'Liiaj ll.iiinicr iiubiubcd a corrected and illustrated edition 
Sliak«iicare'a dramatic workg, in 6 vols., ilo;'"' '" '""■ i "''')■. ^i.i- 


Next Monday we are sill prepared to appear abiihe,Gsa^ 
tic in Irish stufia ; I have bought a fgrnffffediaSLeAnSasd^ 
are made very costly^ which / think JboUsk, foriiViieiiitfley 
niLv much silk they are Dot so useful, seme are s&'oiHijPi 
they tell me, as to have them sprigged with silwrfiliy 
tlie by, I hear we are like to be disappointed ;ifoDiIi&djs 
Chesterfield has been much out of order with BbAritimmspi^ 
fire, and yesterday was not well enough to see tamptafi 

I believe I wrote you word that my ingenious Xiettjr ww 
eome to me, and I am very happy in her compeo^ j'ibAi 
good sense, her good humour and livelinoss, makeiluir ifa 
agreeable companion for all ages and all seasooB:; ItUive 
often lamented her not having made some acqodihtlBm 
with you, and she does the same ; sometimes she taUor jof 
making England another visit, and if she does i hojie 
you will meet, for I am sure you must like one andllidi 
O provoking ! this moment am I interrupted by oomiMaL;)^ 
and must Hnish. \ .- . >^ 

■ * ■■! i'icii 

M}^, Manif to Afrfi 7)eiwj», at CfltmceBier: ' ' ? ^;iJ'«' 

I hope the old saying on St Paul's day will Wrt^-W 
verified this year. "We have already beeh ^ri^4*Witf^ 
afflicted with wars, and the wind now blows inodt reikl^ 
mently, and most vexatiously, for it blows Axil agaii^at tlitt 
packets. I\)ur will be due to-morrow. I am M'i^iti^ 
rant of what you are all doing, and how yotr sire^'ltt 
if 3'ou were in China, and if the packets whfeii 
come in do not bring me word of my being -i 
by a nephew or niece, I shall be baulked. Since 1 !lUI 
wrote to you, we liave been in frights for the little boy 
lu're, but he is now very well again, though so ill tW<e> 

'■ij/.:-^OF MRS. DELANI. ^l"''! ' 41* 

dB.ys, iiiat we gaTe him up for gone. We are all fond of 
theHttle thing, and it ia a very pretty baby. 
-?-)0u£ great HaiAj hns been so ill as not io see company 
wjipxai, while; she did not appew on the Birthday, so 
'twere was 110 morning' drawing-room, but a ball at ni^t, 
and- hiy Lord Chesterfi*;ld did the honours. It was pro- 
digiously cniwdGd, and all the ladies were dressed in Irish 
staff,; and never looked finer oi- more geutecl : except tivfl 
eE«ix who wore silk, and they were no( 'distlnguish'd to 
thdir honour. The men were not so public-spirited ' a» 
tiie kdies^T—moBt of them were in their foreign finery. 
' Last Sunday Mr. and Mrs. Vesey, (Mrs Handcock that 
was). Miss Handeook, and Mrs. Marley came to dine 
witii us ; I foimd them in my garden when I camo from 
ehonch. On Monday I went in the morning to see Mrs. 
Hamilton. I am making some little brackets such ax Mr. 
Bateman's, but instead of gilding them I' cover tJiein with 
shells; 1 design to have eight of them foMBy isloeetv'40 
hold little pieces of China. Letty ia now drawing some 
beautiful landscapes in the Indian book Mrs. Mead gave 
nie ; she drew four in it lant year. Her good sense and good 
humour make her a very desirable compaiiipin,,vfiJihoufc 
considering the embeUishments that eoliyeu.tte: whole. 
Hbe; seems pleased to be here, and is always,^ eady tp listen 
when I want to talk of my English irieflds,, wtigfe is/ju), inr 
siguificaiit quality with me. We have J^^iisl^id phakps^>?|£tr 
and have begun the History of the Naygi Forces of E»gT 
hind, which promises us very good etntertainntent. Ofl 
Tuesday last I went to hear Deborah performed, .for the 
support o^ one of the infirmaries. It is a qlianning pietw 
of music, and was extremely well perforccied; we, ihave# 
woman hero, a Mrs. Storer, who ha^.a yery, 8wf^t,^4 




clear voice, and tliougk slic l)a^ 7W judgment in miuier 
Dubourg manages her so well in his manner of accom- 
panying her, as to make her singing very agreeable. 

We ilinod that day at my Lord Grandison s. All the 
conversation at present is about the poor Bishop of 
Ossory's * loss ; she (his wife) died last week of a fever, 
much lamented by everybody. Slie was 8V<ter to Miss 
O'Brien, who was so ill-treated by my Lord Kildare: she 
was very pretty and very youni^*. On Wednesday \ie 
dined at Air. Alonck's, Lady Jiell very civil, and the 
same Miss Notable as over. On Thursday Mr. Barber's 
child was Xtned, and we spent a merry day there : I think 
1 told you they have a house joining to our kitchen gar- 
den. Yesterday we spent the whole day at home, and I 
am as jjlad of a juvtence so to do, as I have formerly been 
of going to a public ])lacc. 'J'lie change in my Ministry 
luis been for the better. Apropos, the great folks on 
the other side of the water, we are told, are changing, 
and some day Lord (ir. is to be Principal Secretary of 
State. What say you? 1 am quite easy about the 
matter ; we shall ask no favour (let who will be in 
power) — for ourselves I mean. Did I writ« you word 
we had got a new terene ?" the Dean invented it, and I 
drew the draught ; it is very well executed, the chasing 
is mighty well done: it holds six quarts, and has a very 
liirht look. My next work will be to make a nine-pin 
alley, which 1 have undertaken to do ; we have a little odd 
nook of a garden, at the end of which is a very pretty sum- 
mer-house, and in the eoiiiLTS of it are hou>'es built up for 

(vi.ri IT*.;..!.. 1 :::•'. 

* l»»n«Tv 'I nn'in. 

iH'- Mils. DKl.AN'Y. 


blowing auricolas ; .it in upon tlie whole of a triangular 
form, long and narrow, much like this scratch. 

AA, the hlnw-lioiisee ou 
liiUan. B, the *uiu- 
mer-hoLue ort«iijpJ«. 
C, fmiiie fur iiiuit 

The walls to he covered with evergreens, and room 
enough for borders of flowers. It was origioally designed 
for a nursery for flowers, but the walls are too close, it is 
very near the house, and will make a special nine-pin alley, 
which I think a tvr^ mem/ exercise. We had thoughts 
of having a bowliug-green before our house in the garden 
front ; but the hill, which descends gradually to the brook, 
looks so natural uud pretty as it is, tliat it would be Ti 
pity to make it Icwl : and so we determine to keep it a 
lawn, and to have sheep. 

'Die l^jllMwiiig lines will explain the saying of " St. Pauta Day." 
" If Saint Piiul'a day be fair and clear 

It does betide a happy year ; 

JJut if it cliance to snow or rain, 

Tlien will be dear all kinds of grain : 

If clouds or inists do dark the sky 

Great store of birds and beasts shall die ; 

And if the winds do fly alort. 

Then wars shall \ex the kingdom oft." 
" These ppjgno.'^ticiitions are Englished from an ancient Calendar ; 
they have likewise been ti^anslated by Gay, who enjoins : 

Let no such vulgar tales debiwe thy mind. 

Nor Paul not Swithin rule the elouds and wind." 




Jifrs, Dvluiiy to Mrs, Dewef, .. f . : , 

We have lately had very sharp weather, froit ^(fld MiHi} 
snow; hut the sun has shone het ween whiles, ttid'tlie 
verdure of our fields gives a cheerfulness to our pMfcptfetii 
in the midst of winter that I never saw in sek^^^/Hkh 
place. The spring appears in my flower-gardefl; ^h^it I 
am afraid the frosty mornings will nip' the ^ifofWaid 
things. I am less concerned at any defect that imBif%tt^ 
]>en there this year, as I hope to spend the'M^a^^ 
season in England. D.D. and I talk every dftytff'Mtr 
intended journey ; when he sees me in-a idigliiiilf^ iKftf, 
ho then as a cordial beffitis upon t)uU ^u^j^;<'4nA^*tt 
never fails answering his kind intention. : ii 1 f vji" 

Last Monday we dined at Mrs. Frank Hamiltc^'^6 i-,^^ 
Bishop of Clogher's people were there and MissFoitbtVM 
Tuesday we dined at Dr. Clarke's in the OoUege,Haah j^iiil 
Mrs. Forde's family ; and on AVednesday we dinedMat^ib'. 
Bayley's, our neighbour at Holly Mount. TbiMf fiiqfi 
together spent abroad is being a downright rake, but the 
sobriety of my own dwelUng is much pleasanter to meiSilui 
all the flirtations of the world; though the sodeiydfitrt 
will always keep up to the bent of my power, as it ia.ft 
duty incumbent on us to live sociably, and it is nec^isktf 
to keep up good humour and benevolence in ourselv-Qii, 4V 
the qualities of the heart contract and grow usdless^ ait:^ 
limbs would do without any proper exercise. On lliuirsdiij 
we kept home and fast ; the Dean, his niece, and them^ 
vants went to church ; 1 had a little cold, and had Bushe, 
and we staid at home. I have repeated more that once how 
happy I am in her company ; she is in very good health 

,1,-/, lOE'MHS. DBL.ANY. 

and spirits, and at this instant is singing most melo- 

We bave had some news by way of Belfast that is by 
Bft means satisfactory. If whatia toldus of Gen.IIawloy 1 
Ji* true be, is I as worthy an ofEoer as Cope, aiid wo are 
pe*<y.:W^foriimaia in our generals. The History of the 
^disirais is very entertaining. The Dean has given me 
t cbarniing book of prints after llapliael ; they wure 
i^^igned for the History of tbe Bible, engraved (etched I 
^^oldtiay) by a famous Italian. W hen shall I be so happy 
a?, to show you all my pretty things ? I want that part to 
fpve me a perfect relish . to them, but that I fear is a great 
yf^y o£f. Xou have a.youug charge that will not for some 
*in>e,, permit yoa to beatow that liappijiess, but ray bro- 
tber, I hope, wlio has neUhvr vife nor children t& coiybie 
hkn, will not refuse me a joy tliat he can so easily 
lijenfer, and I hope before tlie month of May expires I 
shall make my demand iu person. My fingers ache with 
eqld, and were not my heart very warm I could not have 
Iiold ray pen so long. 

' LiQut.-G«neraLHM]rf llavhf, Goveraorof PortsnouthfaiidColoDdDf tke 

Koyal.Be^iment of DragpoD^, died uiuiiBrried at hJB placci near Port atoonth, 
24[li Maroh, 1759, aged 80. Inliia MtrnonJinnry will he directed ttafw 
thuTc was now ■ peace aod lie might die \a tl» comUoD iway, his oaraue mi^t 
bu put anywlicrc; that tliere was to he no inore expouse than if a poorsQldier 
was to he hiiried from the hos[iital ; " that the priest w«i to have the fee, and 
the carpenter to be i>ard for ths carca^ box." Lord MBh<}4 Hya be wa* ao 
onkor of some exiwiience, but defitjlut« of CB|>acit}',and hated hy bin own 
soldiera as well as Ills enemies fi)r his yiulent ami vindiclive temper. He had 
two gibbets erectfd in Kdinborp^ for the rebels who miglit fait into hia handf, 
and tuiveral exeoutiuoers 1o attend his march. 


// !'ii;M /f W. 

Mi-n, Vd(my to Mft, Demt, .Mf.KJ /ni ••' 

Last weuk was a rich week. I had a Idbtie* ' flkiftl \if&( 
Duchess, one from Donncllan, and one froin SaHjri' ^^''WB 
miser ever vicw'd his treasure with half the dei?gi!itt ftitt^ 
read over my letters ; they are my cordials when nfj^'ipftrtti 
droop, — a specific against spleen ; it is well foif'mfe''€K(i 
the Dean so well understands and feels' the littl* ti^>^ 
anxiety that belong to affection, otherwise I fiAiduld^titfttfi^ 
times try his patience ; but he is so far from" oonSefaliAij^ 
me that he is ready to join with me in erery mart 'Add- t^Kli 
mony of love to my friends. Tour first Mter (tf ^e^^3k4 
last) was dated 14 December, meaning I suppoSi JnniSt^j 
with an account of the Foleys passing thrbttj^K^Qltu- 
cester. I have had a letter from Miss G. sinde hei^'tMlMQ 
at Windsor. She expresses great pleaaufe in lulVing'^Bfltt 
you, and gives me a very particular account of yoiorHioolti 
and of little Court ; she says he is the most entlsttaMdflg 
child she ever met with, and very like ydu in his t^OiifJkrs. 
When I read that part of her letter I cried out; '^' 'jDltdr 
little rogue /" to the surprize of the company,' Whtt'^WM^ 
very civil and silent whilst I was reading my leftter^* ittiA 
much diverted at my sudden exclamation. I hi^' thii 
will find my brother still with you. I am sure you are 
happy together, and I share it at tliis dist^mce; I am 
vexed I should have sent my brother's linen "P^Z'tf^l^ 
but as I wTotc to him above three months ago foF"liii 
directions and received none, I concluded he ifbHdH 
rather have them made in England. If you have a&otiier 
boy I fancy you will cjJl it Bevil, if Mr. Dewca hai^ iu) 
particuliU' inclination to some other name. < ^-y- 

Mr. Barber will copy Lady Stanley's picture ' accordinjj 
to my brother's orders^ . I suppose he remembers both the 
Iiaads are iiii TliteCupid will not do by any means, as it 
i^rill loqki bufc like, a, little fly, so reduced. >Vo are greatly 
jippatient to hear from Scotland. I Ijeartily wijih the 
Duk& of Cumberland may put a final period to the 
rebelIioni, but it is imjwdsible not to be anxious, for the 
hiaaard he runs in heading an ^rmy that Las behaved 
■tijeinselves so ill. His presence and conduct I hope may 
aijiTiiate them witU a marti«l spirit ; the men seldom fail 
wjien tbt loader is au hero. The Duchess of Portlaud says 
nothing of Lord and Lady Audover ; ' so I f^ucj tjio re; 
port of their parting may be ialae,:, '^,.,jw[^ -^ .^ij^sjif^ 
tfue, for he is ujiwortliy, of ber ggodn^(i.| j-,.-,i,.i, >!■»*'•;-. • 
: Ypuvlast lettiir was dated 27 th January, and came tp 
^e in seven days. tVuld our letters always make as swift a 
passiige, it would lie charming, I gm glad to find there 
is' so sucdable a spirit in Gloucester.. $eg wr}fi|ji,it4S[tj9j hftye 
on a^remWii »j(m amongst you I > !. ■. ■ . ,,; ,/ 

I hope before May, peace may bi ^wilhitii.our loalls,' but 
if t^ie commotions of war areconfine4/tOiSqotlan,d. our sew 
between Dublin and Chester, will be safe enough, and I 
don't at present apprehend theire viU be wy reason to defer 
our journey. Yesterday I went to ti^s Casrtjla to pay my 

' I.n'ly StaiiU-j'a [lictiirc was [laintcii W Jumes Houseman, 6r Hiiyemsn, 
bnrn at Antwrp in lfiiift,»n(f (Hedin Ixmdon, 11198. ' Htrtiitairtn piunlrfbofh 
hiftory tiid portmile, \a wbicb ]aet he was a anocessful rival of iLeJ^itUid 
aniung the bcautii'^ at Windsor is the portrait of a laily cqiia] to Lel^''^^. 
HoHScman .ilso painted the allar-piecc in the Qnem'B Chanel at Si Jam**^, 
He excelled in Ihu roprcsentatioD of Cupids.. . 

' Mar;-, second dauglilerof llencage, 2nd Earl, of AyltsfoiJ, mnrried Wit- 
liani Tx>nl Andovcr, ^on of the 4t1i Earl Of Bcrkgliiri' 'aDd'. Ittb Earl' 'Jf 
.SuGolk. ■■■[..-■,: anir(;iir!'j(:- '!:::(-,- -u; . 



compliments to Lady CheBterfidd, who Im^bad^ ft{ ^^ 
long confinement with St. Anthony's fire r^e^taN|)it» iMigr 
ill. I was dressed in my Birthday poplin, ' and^iloDhid 
very fine. To-morrow we are to have a 'hoVLBiitAiQpHKt 
northern neighbours, and on Monday We dinto'^at ite 
Bishop of Clogher's. Mrs. Clayton is lo have 'a drtBBib 
the evening and we are invited to it. Their hooM'iv^w^ 
proper for such an entertainment, and Mrs. >01itytoh iery 
fit for the undertaking. She loves the show asd^ hmiMfe 
of a rout, has a very good address and is: stiU u^^nU 
inclined to all the gaieties of life ad $he was '•■ ai^ ftw4nid- 
twenty ; the Bishop loves to please and indu^herj Itfd 
is himself no way averse to the magnificence of lifK ^-K'i 
The agreeable and ingenious Letty sehd& her fPNyUifd 
wishes and humble service to you. I sh4U havte^ »'gTe|t 
deal of her handy work to show yon ; sh0'is:eotgasd)te 
to draw almost every day for me, and has dfispirad ale 
with landscape-drawing out of my own pate}:' i'thff#e 
invented three which the Bean is very fond of. ^i-utwUi 

• • t» t|;0Tl4 

. Mrs, Jiclavy to A/t'K Ikwti. . i ' »' i 1 ft; "I 

The Dean has subscribed to some philosophical • lec- 
tures, and thev are to be three times a week for «ix 
weeks, which with my other employments will till ttg ^ 
time pretty well ; but no occupation shall intexferemlh' 
my devoirs to m^* absent friends. I dedicate a cerbpn 
portion of my time to them, and make my other engage- 
ments as much as possible subservient to that. ' *' 

I don't wonder my brother is a favourite at Glouccwtf- 


Sa is 9o socutble in hia disposition, . tliut it makes hini 
-fln flcobptulfle corapanioD, and I own his having boen »o 
JloDg tiMsre has been a vaet (wiufort to mp, as I kiiuw 
ihow great ft satisfa«tioti it must liave Ijeen to you ami 
■my motlier. 1 am mightily pleast'd with your account of 
riMaster Jemmy Viiipy, I hope he will be a blessing to 
fais mother, 

VI I doa't wonder iit tlie reiwrta at Gloacester about our 
■isidsfa friend; I shcU have a joke or two with hor, by 
iWay of payment ; pray tell her that, with Hiy very kind 
service to her and lier family : and when you write to 
! Sally let her know that ray Lord North, at my requei^t, 
has written a letter to Mr. Tr^hiwney, tlie <:JoveJ:nor, 
!to Recommend Mr. Hacry Chapon, which I hope may 
ipnyye of grdat service to liim, and h« eliould be adyised 
>,to wait on the Governor as soon as possible; I tUijjk 
■to write a letter to him that he may show the Governor 
to teetijy his being the perscaj «>ownippQflf)(i. ,-lw' 
Monday I was at Mrs. Glaj'toa's drmn, wliiiA: ,mas vp^y 
magnificent; her apartment is very fine, and she had a 
great deal of good company. CD., Bushe, and I dined 
there, and staid till near nine. To-morrow I go to the 
Fair Penitent ' to see our three faraous actors together. 
Garriek* performs the part of Lothario, Sheridan* Ho- 

'■Phe Fait Pmi(«it, a tragedy by TTicOlas Botrt. -Ht Wtt'WnWite, and 
died 171H, ,. .' : ... , ,,|,t 

' David (iavrick, bf.rn 28th Fi'bmary, 17IC, died 20rti Januwy, 1779. He 
twio) VialW Irohiri<l. A abort poeni in his pralA, calted'*' Tbe 86lg«," Itf dated 
Diibliii, 14Hi t'sbruii^, 1748, »nd printed in the (ifcii(i*n(»i«'»,Aftiywtn«. . 

' Thomas, Ihinl son of Dr. ThoniM Sheridan, wna liom at Qui lea, new 
Iliililin, in 1721. He H-as cdncaUJ at ■WesttnlnstW School, and Trinity Cttl- 
1^, DuUin ; which onireTgiiy IM sudlenty quitted; AflsrfaaMiiggttidUBtcd 
M.A , and turned acUir, iu which pro/eawon ie obtained BOm^ celebrity. Ho 
dit-.! mil of AiiBORt. 1788. He was tbe fntW of the ' cetel>raf ed Richard 
IVinsley Hhevi'l»ri, ■" ' 'i'' '■'<■:'!■■! "i.'.l. ' 



ratio, and Barr}-' Altamont: Sheridan I hareiiobttBiq^inj: 
brother has; he is here in great Toputationi ^'B^fOfi-ni 
the handsomest man and iigaro altogether that ivecHAw 
upon the stage, and a promising Bictor, Tfaei mgemimm^ 
Letty and Mrs. Green go with ma Next week i&illNki 
is to be performed ; the rehearsal will be on Twmdhyu 
To-day wo dine at Lord Grandison'fi, and a strange (j^tfiUi 
gabble woman has phigued me all the morning; Xitteter 
was more nearly provoked to be rude in all my Ixftu'! I 
crammed her with chocolate and plum-cake, and then 
sent her packing, but she has robbed me of what is not 
in her power to restore — a good htmr of my time. 

Have you heard anything lately of Sir T. Hanmer ? it 

" • ■ ;M|' i 

1 Barry was tlio son of a silveramith, and b(>rii in St« Warbu^*^ {ykriih, 
Dublin, on tlic* 20th of tVhninrv, 1719. lie doterminod to trj' 1ih,snoorM 
on the staphs and acronlinftly in 1744 he nia<le his dt-bAt oh thto WA l^dtnlilil^ 
in the cbancUir of Othello. He afterwards play«d «t Cork witl»..«^^4pf 
plaufte, and thence returuina; to Dublin, made one of tliat galaxy of talent 
which drew such full h<»u!«e»! in the Mimmer, that it i\'a<i very eoitomWn'toiyf/ 
that a {icrBon had «/<>(/ r/ n Oarnck^ a ^>v«/«, or u Harry ft i^tr^ ^}(~4f|^ 
came to I/>ndon, and was engagid at Dniry-lane, where he jterformed botfaft^ 
tra^e<ly and penteel comedy ^^^th uiuch apfrohat'lon. After having ftfriom 
tiim! divided the of the tynvn witii Garrick, Barry remoTcdlff »Co tmitf 
(rarden, in 1740 ; when a decided coni]>etitioii tiiok place Ixit ween Uie twotsre^ 
actors, each playing a^'ainst the other their j'rincii'al charecterfi ^nth Tanoiu 
Huccess. The ^rraud Htnigc^Ic made by lx>tl i , \ras in t ht phrt dt'T{aake0^ is mtiUk\ 
the majority a^rreetl in awarding tlie palm to IJarry. He dietl.Jan.4Qft l|77. 
The admirers of Oarrick wen* in the habit of allowin;^ "Barr>' every phyiifi^] and 
denyhig him cvm mental qualifi&ition. Thor 8ueerfe<d'at liiiu nrf ***iHii' Itf^g* • 
fnutil h'l^ir^** '* tfir. rltjant iwUnwttuu^'^'hc.^ huL theHr i«J)Odoubt« "in X\^t^gfUm 
BcenoR of dramatic w«>e, con ju«;a! trnderni-ss, and a^onizin^ diRtreaii, Bgrry waii 
(Jarrick'a muster." Vio^>^ in his History of Theatres, (1**'1») »**te« tlitt,' idl= 
Janiian'20| 174^>^, he went over to Ireland^and when iio arrived in j]pi|m^.|i|[ 
found '* his ^mnI frimd Mr. (iarrick** at the llieatre Koyal,with Mr. Sbcriikn 
as i*harers and a<l venturers, and Mr. Rarry en^«reil at a ulary by the pro|jifefakkJ 
There wore several tni>:edieB, in which Victor had the [leaaurc of ttoing Umm 
thRM? i-erformcrs a]»iHar to^^rthrr, as in the Fair IVnitrnt, Oarrick acted 
Lothario, Sheridan Horatio, and Harry Altainuiit ; ai.d he adds hi* belief "tliat 
\v: vvM-s much envied that happjnc*^*.^ 

A >/.iSSkl»BBiimiJt^^^. 111,. 4^ 

is reported here .that iuo is (iesul, aauL itlifw nt-oppetl D.D.'s 
writing; to him tiiU he knows wliefclier tlie report be tnw 
or fe,]sie.i . Teaberday after pifaj;«r$„rit. ibeiag very brijrlit 
afld.a dry hafd frost; the D«m andlwaJked to sep Mre, 
Barbel!, a goed inite irom litujoe j the wiiidmffaa.iii, flufi 
bactaiid very pleasant, but we did nutwiitb fco/iiWMjsoi 
keen anjeaemy, and returned iotlie chariot. . ;,( ./(' 

1 ,1 anil mBohiobJigad'tonny C(n»i<^jii(epiiawi]fiM.,«BB\6(ft- 

hRTiag"Amii..Delani/". j :i] ih^i'-Mi z^it^ 

ji'id.t hnii .•njii't-diiriq LMi^,__ojjil,j'vjii') i\!iyt i^fi briraraein 
Joii 81 Jiuiw 1o 3m iiodilin rf.d i.dg iiid ,3nij(!»flq lud ^asB 

Jf '■Tiimifill .T 11^ '1l. /i--')ui 'jrrir!J7nbtJmf.3APeb.,IT'*5ilI. 

I am more obliged tinny Iriends at Gloucester than I 
can express' for the good riews tbej- have constantly B^nt 
me of my dearest sister's being so well, and as little oaiL, 
I express how happy and thankful it mattes nie. I hare 
this moment received a letter from Mrs. Viney, dated the 
10th instant (which I think was your nin-tli day) ; sh* 
tells me you are better than you have ever bfien yet, aiid, 
that my niece^ eats paps purely. Ik wiU Savfi some' 
tronble if you can bring her dp by Iiahd;aii3,siilfc6''8hfe'ift' 
naturally so stout / believe it may perhapsbe done.' 

I gave you or my mother an aCcooiit (if toy bfeitig' 
engaged in philosophy, besides which I have three oil pi^Tf, 
tures in hand. I am copying an angel ifbf the DeaM ^fter' 
aGuido, finishing a half-length of tlie famous Duchess of 
Mazarin for Miss Bushe, and must give my mother's 
picture {! Iiave copyed far you) anoiher painting, it does 
not contint me. I am extremely pleased with the phi4' 

:t of Dcnjcs. , 



losophy lectures, but am cruelly disappointed. I hoped 
to have been made a ven/ U-ise w&nidn by them, but alas I 
they only serve to show me my own ignorance. I am 
surprized that knowledge i^hould make onybodjp ▼siii ; I 
think it rather serves to humble the mind^ Winoei ttftiioae 
who have drank deepest of the draught of JtM^Mge 
there must remain bo many things uniiciodutttidilo;'i'^'iI 
went to seftool this morning and had nottiniO'io 4mte 
till this moment, and it is now six o'clock* ' 'i^i'^ vf;i» 

The Bishop of Cloghcr and his family^ an^'^MM, f^t- 
toscue and her sister, dine here, Irast TuesdAyi'I^^Miit 
to the Castle to present Mrs. Green. I -wa^ th^te^'fiilM- 
ing and evening. It was boJl-night, and I Vnaii^ tiieitffiiy 
tired before I came away. Lady Chestei^did is - to^ jkave 
music once a week; nobody mvitecl^ but thbc^'*tlAiti|iMJd 
to go on the pri>"ate evenings may go : I have httd'a iAit 
given me to go the Hrst night, which Nvill be (W^^lttOf^ 
row I believe. ^- ■ li^-i" i 

Pray have you heard anything of Wilt Ottll'' siito^lfe 
left us? I am much afraid he is gone astray. I'litikflj^d 
him to go directly to Gloucei^t^sr, but a^ you bsN^-not 
mentioned him in any of your letters I guf^XM >lM('&Ma 
taken some other road. I have Imd the good ibltilM }I 
hope) to pro\'ide for a brother of my poor GeoiTgte'sV.W vt^ry 
ingenious clever young man ; as the BiHh0{r olP ' CHogfiller 
has lately lost his gentleman, and upon my iv^iiirftMtt- 
dation has taken Afr. George, who will Lave t^'^iry 
happy life, for they ai-o very good to all their fariiily; uid 
it is a profitable pla^e. - i^J^l 

i-r/;'KDir'MBS. BEI.AK3f. ri;,L ■Ha? 

-•'■; .ii I .fif(j(iii"]'li»'ii' /ll''UTi nis in./ ,«*flHlOoJ iriqoiol 

■-.lit.; tip<) .m'xf) /,(^^<^«"X^#r^-fi"'ffVf.'it.. n-.'.^ -'71111 r.t 

.111; I .r..v..-"<,rj', nv,., Mil '.iij .^.,i.'I'T''"l'>^M'"'c1i,,]74:vrf 

1 Ii*bottgiit/iny jflyiiWMtfttll- ool-itiy .«l*arecb aisteT'eaB- 
«oii*.t, aj»d that it ootUd not rise higher, having boeuw) 
■tfjHrttaatly antl kiucily informed by my good and oliliginj,' 
friends at Gloiioester of your bein^' as well as I eoukl 
i*wh (bufcwhou. I received my dear mama's letter yester- 
day with youc owa nine, preciowa lines, in it, I found :a 
B0fr joy sprint; up in my heart, for w-iiioh I give you ten 
itUonsnnd tlianks : tliough anotlier line would have oon- 
-lywted my pleasure into pain. Ksttbe wrifiiig of itmigM 

Jiave fff-oyed prejiidiciul to yon.-; - , ,1: -,,!! 

■inJ sun very glad my nieea Mary, feakes: b<i w^. to har 
ifoQ^ i I don't see why it edionld not rear her up as it did 
j[H^:iI wou'd, Jiave her like me in every tliijig th^t t-« 
wo^ty of your regard, but to endear her equall}/ to W(". 
I wish most !ie;irtily she may resenibk- my own deai'e-st 
sister. - You remember Madame de- Setigne' : Maty Jindbt be 
my Pauline. ,; ;,,;, - ■!.; ■ in, ■ - - r-n 

After a silence of many niionthR/;ftnd Ireeeiving :two 
very kind and aitertaining letters :&om Mrs. Duncomfae, 
I Imve this day wrote to he)-. X gar&ijoU'axi'aooanaBt 
of my morning «nployment8,f.and' iwhr- faruByi I-iam. 
The philosophical lectures pleaa^imfteKtreJme^y.iuI bare 
gone through nine. On Mondayjieiit it !is/ltOi:ibe;;6n 
optics ; which I am told is the mof(t eatertainibg-ofiall. 
Last Wednesday the Dean and I were invited to the 
Bishop of Clogher's to a musical entertainm^nty < made for 
my Lord and Lady Chesterfield ; no ladies were invited 
but perfurmers— Lady Freak, ' Miss Maxwell, and your 

I Sir John lifdmond Freke, Barl.. married Miss firudrick. He ditid 13(li 
Alril. 17^4, v.hirn thp title brtnme «linct 



humble servant, but I • was excused.; ih^i((^]^HiJin4ift^ 
played and aung extremely welU LsudylFvfak^hMjKgnftt 
hand ami genius for music, but lias h^Je^-.^yj/^itigffa^ 
in learning ; JVIiss Maxwell ha&been very- wafll-taf^gbt.[AIJDv 
Dubourg played the first MdXe^ ami ■p^^4•i>e14^Qr^(i^MQ) 
ever I heard him: the concert waa very ! agre^eM^sMdi 
everything ordered well and handsomely. .IaA^i^!^^, 
terfield says she never heard so good ' Ur pfirforxiieYi «f( 
Dubourg. . . ' - .1 ; n'.if.-! 

IVlviUiv 15 March, 1745-6. 

Madam, ' * ^'■- '':''''''^ 

I am under the highest obligation to' you fitf^jMiJ 

goodness in giving me so particular an acicottn'^ ' ift^my 

sister ; T thank God most heartily that she is so 'w(ffl)'a6ff 

congratulate you again and again on the blessed dcea^ott? 

I could with great pleasure to mpclf addre^ # IdWg' 

letter to you, dearest madam, as conversing ti-itH you feWSlPJJ 

Avay is a most particular pleasure to me; but is'^^lfifcff 

is troublesome to you, I vrill not load you with a'l^ror 

to answer, but go on to thank my deare^st siirt^'RiilP 

her most delightful lines in your last letter, dated t}i6'!lhUI 

inst. ; first assuring you of the Dean's humible dtitV, ahtf 

that T am with the tcnderest affection, dearest m&UtWJ'''' 

Your most dutiful daughter, 

and most obedient hurhble servant, ■ \ " ' ■ 

M. deustV.^ ::; 

I. .". til 

'■ •» 

To Mifi. Jtfirtf, in Kime ktUr, 

Now my dear sister for you. Notwithstanding the had 
v/path^r. w^ have rone *^v»^Ty other morning to the philo- 

niy^iikai^Hi^mkl wliichhave'eiitertAiiiied^me' extremely • 
liext^-^McfCctai^ will 'Wiui^ Ikst.' ' ■ I h&Fe -notr been at the 
Oaatlbift''^eat'Wlii}i.' I think I' wi-ote Mi-s. Dancotube 

wdM 'df-* fc^eert' erf 'm-dsio' Ve 'liftd'at'ttia Bishop of 
©lo^er'&l for iihe ontertaSliiwefrtkif my 'Lord and'Latly 
(Jjllestei-fieid, which \va« very ftgrceriMe." Lbsfc Tuesday 
MniBrfetoWe, ata uncle of Mits DashWood's; diia«d here ; 
he is 'ft' gi^eafa' virtuosi, 'tmdevsbtnds all thb^ w'/'ftw tto per^ 
fcction ; he is much delighted with Delville. Mr.Bairbfer 
has just finished another picture of me iu enamel, which 
Mr. Bristowe says, is better done than any he ever saw 
of Zineke's, indeed' X think, it very finely enamelled; and 
I hope it will bring him into good business. Lord Maa- 
sareen ' sits to mm on Monday, and Mr. Bristowe bag 
pfp^i^ed to prevail, if.pMSi^ibli:, .with. I^oM •^"'1 Lady 
(^he^tirficlil to sit to, him, and tlut will hi'ing bim into 
^^iqn,; he is very iiidustrious, aiid des^cves to be encou- 
T^^;,lli», wife. iis,,f) very. pretty prudti^t^.yQungi Tfpman: 
theyi baye.a:Comi<^ little girl of threo years: old, not 
pretty, but a sijiart yirl, and be proposes to make her a 
mistress of iua art, f^s, soon aa,pb^ ;i? .^^Ip^.Q,^', Ipaxpi^, 
This is the Bean'a bixtbdi^yj: ;an4 t^^PSf^ia^ftiff?!,^^ <^ 
company, Whiit say yom. jn yc^uj pftrt ^f , thp TfpfCfd o^ 
public affairs? I think the ,rebej^,,]t^|9fi;li^,iii^ feW i'?^ 
dotne time longer; H good weatl^ej: |Cffl»ft3|iI,|tel»e,^b|^ ^ft^^ 
will be able to deal with them afS,|^l)^y,^9Pis[e, ,,,,, ] .,,.,(. 

' Clutworlhy, 5lh Viscoulit M.-ws»raBijs>,: whuwHS Kreatei^ ^n July, 1756, Earl 
o!' Masssatin!. He married, first, in March, 173>*, Anne, eldest daughter of 
lliclianl Dauiul, Dean of Djwu ; wlio died 27th March, 1740, and he married, 
secondly, 25lIi>Ioveinber, 1741, Elizabeth, only daughter of Henry Eyre, Gaq., 
liy wl.oui he had «everal children. ■ ■ ■ ' .V' - 


r - anx: .-i.i': 
Mrs. Dthuy to Mrs, p^ws, ■_ i..,,i!.rj . <i,ini': 

I am very sorry tliat my brother has been'BoisulgiibtUt^' 
colds this winter. I had a letter from him -by tihtftefe 
packet. I want to know if he expects ns at Ctflwidk'^ibr- 
our first resting-place, that ^^^a« the scheme of lastyMT, JMll' 
if his affairs call him to London this spring, it^iMfjf' liot 
be convenient to him to return so soon as the middles- 
May, which is the time we hope to be able to leonreitiui^ 
place: I have written to him to-day to know. lamvriBiiigf 
to settle our route as nearly as I can soon, not to leiCMrit 
till the last moment, as I shall have a great deal of bnniartty 
on my hands ; for I must see aJl my fine furntturetf^adi 
pictures well papei*ed, and I liave a new inveintory*^toi 
make of my household goods, and two drawers of pspUiM 
to look over and separate in order. I hope my.hokmv^ 
keeper is one I can trust ; slie is a sober woman and -docc 
everything required of her extremely well, and : I i aioMill 
take Betty Woodal and Margaret with me. ■ {^*^jT 

We have met with a sad disappointment in ottr cOHohif 
when it came home it was so little, and such indiffBOPiftflrti 
work, we could not keep it. We have bespoke andtksni 
and hope it will be finished by the time we want it. We 
have bespoke it with the top like a landau, for lightness, 
but every other way a coach. 

I rejoice that wiy little girl llirives so well. I am 
sorry her nurse can't stay with her ; I should. thm|| it 
would be better for you to take the child home witt yp^ 
now, for you have room enough at AVelsboume. I 4^ 
afraid the cold weather lias affected my mother ; 1^: ^itt 
Ijcen extremely sharp, but now, thank God ! it is very 

fine, and I liave begun my morning walks. I was two 
hours (alnioHt) in the garden this morning before break- 
fasts ''The sweetness of the air, the singing of the birds, 
audi tlietiieharming prospect made it<appear Uk^e im en- 
{^laOtedi place, alter having been buried in snow and 
chill^d-iwith uijjpiiig frost lor a fortnight together j wii 
have.h^ about a week of good weather, 
jlb^giimy dearest fiiBter will not alarm herself about 
im Jf&Jw^, for I hope in Grod before our day of leaving 
ttijjplaea the rebels will be be&,t off Uio field. We design 
t^Ug// tfce Go\'ernraent yacht, which is a very safe 
pteityoivesseL, the ciiptain a skilful sailor, and supplied 
i«ith;j»dn.y hands, The Castle folks talk of going the 
middleror end of next month, so I hope they Tvill, not 
ittterfeareiiwitli our echemes. I am very sorry Captain Cole 
iS'id^i:! am afraid he will be a loss t6 his fajnily, fur I 
tliuikibe^d some place or pension: tho Duehese did hot 
name it. to nic, 1 suppose she thought she had. I heard 
frwra her' by the kst packet. I want to know: how SiTj 
Tony behaved amongst yon; didi'he.ttiaiA' y«u ailoilgl 
visit? I sent to eoqiure-affJer^hishealt^nUL Losdbn, 
he was gone to Bath. X am glad Lady <^.:Speofifir^ behwml 
herself so obligingly to Mr. Derrefc/i *- ii i.'in > >ii .v^ 

M.i. D.lanytoSfh.'J)io)ti''" ''''I'" •"■■''■ ' "(i.; 

■ ■ ■' IfetvilUi'k Hah*, *74fe. 

My little "Pauline" is (thotfgh ihtkflbwn)' i gretfC 

favourite already, and yon may coiiihiand every thiiigftbtirt 

me that can be of service to her,' but ^u are 60 WfcH 

famished with materials to rtElke hi* k comipfete tal^Bfe" 

' Lai^y Georgiaoa Spencer, daughter of Lord GraDTille. 



woman, tliat you will want no foreign aid ; howerer, I 
Iiope we shall lay our wise heads together about her many 
and many an hour : in the mean time feed her and danee 
her well, for that is all can be attended to at present. Yon 
say you " wish her at Ijongford ;" I did not know you 
meant to send her tliere. 

On Monday the Dean goes to my 1/ Lieut* to ask leave 
for the yacht to carry us over ; wi* cannot have it till the 
middle of May. 'J'hc Dean had a letter from his steward 
in the country yesterday, who w^as to have come to settle 
accounts the first w^eok in May, but he cannot come till 
towards the latter end. D.I), is very good, and takes 
all the pains he can to be at liberty as soon as possible ; 
indeed he loses no opportunity of indulging every wish 
of my heart. Our garden is now a wilderness of sweets. 
The violets, sweet briar, and primroses perfume the air, 
and the thrushes are full of melody and make our concert 
complete. It is tlie pleasantest music I have heard this 
year, and refreshes my spirits without the alloy of a 
tumultuous crowd, which attends all the other conoerts^ 
Two robins and one chaifinch fed off' of D.D/s hand as wa 
w^alked together this morning. I have been planting 
sweets in my " Pearly IJower " — honeysuckles, sweet 
briar, roses and jessamine to climb up the trees that com- 
])0se it, and for the carpet, violets, primroses and cowlips. 
This year I shall not smell their fragranc}^ nor see their 
bloom, but I shall see the dear person to whom the. bower 
is dedicated, I hope, and I think I shall not repine at the 
exchange. To cheek my j«>y when 1 think of our meeting, 
the odious rebels come across my mind. AVhat say you 
of them in Kngland? I pray (iod koej) us from a civil 
war I If fce ran keep thoa in Scotland, that is from setting 


foot on English pround, I don't apprehend they will spjiil 
our scheme lor going to EngUnd this year. Tlie hell is 
joat going to ring, and I must mate myself ready for 

I I Mn. Ihdany In Mm, Ilmat. 

DrfviUc, 5 April. 171*1. 

I am moat truly thankful tliat you are so well, and 
have a little female infant to exercise your own good judg- 
ment on ; \thich will want little assistance, for I think you 
are guarded against the errors of mistaken fondness towards 
your chUtlren. I thank you for the ri^ht you have given 
me over my " Pauline." 

I am very glad you like the poplin, and the Dean is 
very proud my mother approves of hers. I have got one 
for Mrs. Vincy and for each of her daughters, which I 
will send to England by the first opportunity. I desire 
their directions, who they shall be consigned to, I can't 
undertake to bring them as they are prohibited, but a 
person skilled in those affairs has undertaken the care 
of them. 

Last Tuesday the Dean went to the Castle to ask leave 
for the yacht to carry us over, which is granted- My Lord 
Lieutenant goes from hence on the 1 oth, when the yacht 
returns. Lady Pendregast ' has the first promise and we 
the second ; so that supposing the "WTnd should be as (air as 
our wisliGs, WG shall not be able to leave Ireland sooner 
than the middle of May, at which time, please God, we 

• Anne, daiisliter and heir of Sir Griffith Williams, Bart., married Sir 
Thomw Prendergast. 

VOL. 11. 2 F 



shall set sail for Englaud: oh how my heart leajpal. ,1 
luul a letter last post from my brother ; he aays h^ jl9r9P^ 
to go to London, and will return and meet us at.C^lwicb 
whatever time wo name. If it would be more conveiueiii 
to him for us to meet at Welsboume, I believe you wpii][^ 
not object to it ; but if it is to be at Calwich, my dearest 
sister, will you not be there ? how can I bear to li^e oa 
English ground, within a few miles in comparison of OiOt 
present distance, andnot see you? We desigu bsqiigT 
ing over with us a light four-wheeled chaise we I^ei 
besides our coach, that when we have a mind to^in^e 
any Uttle excursion, it may be ready. We have sqme 
thoughts of taking a flight for a fortnight to Tionj^fitti 
before winter. 

Yesterday I was put into a sad fuss by my housekeeper 
being taken very ill ; she is fat and short-neck^ anil 
complained so violently of her head that I feared . an 
apoplexy ; but Dr. Barber had her bled and vomited^ iii|.- 
mediately, and she is now in a fair way of doing fff^ 
She would luive been a great loss to me, as she is I;tbip]k 
an excellent servant, and one that I may trust with .U^ 
care of my house in my absence. . , . ; . . 

Lady Betty Mason is made Viscountess 
her own right ; they all dine here on Monday* 

Mrs. Dtlany to Mrs, Ihwts, 

DeUille, 11 April, 1745- & 

I proposed indulging myself witli a long letter to my 
dearest sister this morning, and lo 1 I am reduced to one 
({uarter of an hour : how provoking ! Now everybody ig 
going out of town, the sun shines, and they coma ,ia 


swarms to take leave and basi in our sunshine, which 
the smoke of 'Dublin will not allow of. 1 was last night 
the greatest of rakes ; went to take my leave at the 
Castle, was crowded to pieces ; did not come home till 
t\velve o'clock, fatigued to death ; slept well and refreshed 
Biysclf with walking half an hour after breakfast ; then 
came in, prepared all my materials for a folio sheet, and 
was no sooner settled at nly desk than in came Mw. 
Forde and her family, and are but this mommt gdne^ 
I find it is in vain to propose writing a long letter 
now, so don't expect it. When we meet, Which I hope 
in God will be some time nest month, we ^vill make 
Ourselves amends mth talking. O pleasing happy hope ! 

The Dean is now making all the dispatch he can in his 
garden, to leave things in some regalatioa. I must do 
the same in ray house, but have not yet begun about it. 

I am enraged at the Goth of a man who so barbaronsly 
broke up tlie Eoman pavement. Cannot you procure 
some of the fragments? I fancy one might piece them 
together. Miss Bushe is mnch yours, and at this instant 
painting with all her miglit, whilst Mrs. Green is talking, 
squawling, screaming, and making more -fralirty of Boises 
than ever were made by human voice, tb'hir'boy, who is 
really a most lovely child. ' - . ' ■ 

Mrt. Delaiiy to Mrs. DevKi, 

Delville, 26 April, 1746. 
I told you a long story aboat an invitation, but it was 
all a mistake and misunderstanding. Which has occiisioufld 
me no small hurry, for on Moaday morfting Mrs. Ohenevtr 



(whom I went to see) told me that the Lord' LtouteMiit 
designed dining with us on Wednesday^: and- heUbibunlf 
eiujaged. We were to dine at the Bishop of CSo^crfs^ and 
jn5;t as we sat down to dine the Bishop of Waiezfofdto&oie, 
and told us that his Excellency wonid dine with Qs'the iieit 
day. I immediatly dispatched a messenger toiiDflliilb, 
with a note to my housekeeper, to tell her ;jdie^ moft 
prepare the dinner for next day of seven and nine^ soda 
dessert, and I was obliged, as soon as I had dined, iac/gqito 
the Castle, and ask Lady Chesterfield, but shehad^nefimd 
the Primate and therefore could not c»me to mie, wliieUttlie 
seemed sincerely to regret. The Dean went that emi&ing 
to my L"^ L. to know at what hour he would diiiepviifl 
to desire him to bring whom he pleased. Lord Lieuts Mid 
he feared he had made some mistake about the day f-^Jt/A 
he was glad to seize the first day for the fear thcp^^faid 
would change. Home we went at eight, and ifc^cottfMe 
about an hour or two thinking ; but my dinner.ioxntd 
out very well, the particulars of which^ if you' tiimkoit 
worth your while, you shall have when we meet. ii:^He 
came at three, said he had reserved us for the hon^bondK, 
^vas extremely civil, agreeable, and eheerfbl^randiidnd 
till nearly eight. . : . i mi ♦t.»i * 

This has been a week of hurry with me- i]ideedw'< On 
Thursday I went to the music for the benefit dL- -. the 
Hospital of Incurables, which was crowded-'^the^ F>^o^ 
performed was Alexander's Feast ; and yesterday went to 
see the Beggars* Opera, We have had glorious news 
from Scotland, I hope, in God, the affair of the rebettu^ 
is now at an end, and that we shall meet in peace. All 
these gay doings have interrupted my painting, and I 
much fear I shall hardly have time to finish wliat I 

r. UCBP ItKSj DKLiSY. 437 

meant to biing withi itUi fonitinust have eome time to 
dry before it is paokediUp.,// Iitold you Lady Vemlorgtist 
has the next turuof the yaciit, which will be some time 
next week, and I believe we shall allow it to take anoUier 
trip with Lord BlcasingtoD ' before we shall be ready ; for 
till the middle of May it will be impossible for us to thiikk 
of moving, and it may be the latter end. The Deaii pro- 
poses to bring over kis chaise as well as the coach, and I 
suppose at "Warwick we can at any time hire a set of 
'horses ; and wo shall bring over throe of our own, which 
will serve for visiting in your neighbourhood. 
. You must forgive the Dean's having ordered Mr. Lang- 
liome* to send in a little wine to your cellar at Wels- 
bourne, by way oi kanselUng a nito place. He humbly 
begs my mama will not think it neoesaary to write hira a 
.letter for suck a triile as he sent; it would make liim 
blush, and reproach him for the liberty he took in send- 
ing her go mean a pre^nt; he is/Eureshe is so.good'as 
to accept of it as a small mark of hie Tenaembering her 
with the utmost gratitude ajid respecl^ which he Bball 
ever do, joined to a tender affection; and I^am to say aa 
much &om him to' yoa. Ihadaletterlastlpost&om-my 
brother ; he is doubtful whether he shalljbe able to be 
as soon at Calwieh as we hope to be there, so Ib^Heve 
at last we shall steer our course to Welsboume. . Ohokr 
ray impatience increaBes ! i ■ . . ■ii'.I I 

Tlic following letter from Dr. Del^y to Mr. GnuivilU eiplwns 

tliat between the date of this letter (April 26th) and. J&a.y ^27tb, 
Mrs. Delany liad been seriously ill ; the tone of the letter also 

' William, 3nl Viscount Mountjo^, was created £*il 9f ^aangtoa OB. the 

7th Dpecraber, 1745. 
* Wine merchant, in King Street, St. Jamu'bSqlUir6,'LoQdon, '" ' 


proves that nothing but the fact of her being the (ri8ter,iq^ ^n^jom 
and the wife of the othcr^ prevented a breachi .as. JdJr^.pfavTpl|]|f 
evidently had never overcome his annoyance at her n 

t V" • I ''\'- 
- - » • ■ ■ 

Dr, Dihtny to Bernard Granville, Esq,, at Calwich^ ' ' 

Delville, May 27. 1746. 


I am under great concern that Mr. Monok's 
account of your sister's illness, reached you sooner tfUm 
her own ; but indeed it was her own fault, or raiher the 
fault of her tender affection for her friends. I woold 
have written to you by the same post that Mr. Moiick 
wrote to the Duke of Portland, but she would nafc suffsr 
me, because she thought you might be too intil6fa 
alarmed, and she had reason to hope that her own ac- 
count of her health by the succeeding post would pre- 
vent that uneasiness to you. The truth is I thank God, 
she never was in danger, nor attended by more than one 
physician. Dr. Barber, who had attended her on all cdher 
occasions, and is much in her esteem, and confided in 
for his skill and knowledge of her constitution* To Idm 
I added a surgeon, of whose skill and friendship to iier 
and mo I was well satisfied ; and though tiiej botib 
assured me there wa8 no danger, yet I thought that-60 
invaluable a life sliould rest upon the most soUd tapports 
that skill could supply, and therefore I ordered then to 
hold a consultation with Dr. Bobson and I)r..]Baci7 
which I suppose gave occasion to the report of herbeiag 
attended by four physicians) ; these perfectly agreed in 
the method in which Dr. Ikrber had treated her, atid 
therefore I chose not to alarm her by the appeannee of 

(IF MUS4, UKI.ANy. i - 4W 

thftse Strange physicians. I tbank God she is now well, 
and I trust in God will long continue so, a blessing to 
her friends and the world, and to one who hononrs her 
above everjlihing on this earth, and is, for ihut reason 
and every other that can create esteem to truth and 

., /XJour, most faithful and most obedient 

Humble servant, Pat. Delant. 

The yaidit was sent off Sunday, and we liope in God 
nothing will hinder us from hastening to our friend ht' 
England as soon as it returns, ' " 

A long interval here occurs of Sve montlis, during which period 
Mn. Deiany was with her family, and during whicli time Sir 
^B^f^ W«tO(anb /^pwt^ to Mrs, Dcwes the Ibllowiog letter — 

>{ imo iDit yij' I '■■ 

mn'tf ,l>r-i| -mi - 

,^^.T1 riftliilt f Sir AiU/yny TrKomb lo .Vrt. Dniv$. 

I . August 17th. 

"*"" "■'■"-' *^ '' (Believed to be 1746.) 

My "dear OoraiN, 

T have the favour of youni of the 4th instant, 
and likewise the bacon (as you call it), bat before I cat 
it it shall be a hara. Your direction on the basket was 
^ite tpronfj ; you most direct for me, in Holies Street 
near Cavendish Square, or at the Smyrna Coffee House 
in Pall Mall. I am exceedingly sorry I cannot have the 
pleasure of seeing my dear aunt, but 1 hope I shall have 
that satisfaction before X die. I am full of ailments, and 
withal so weak, that I cannot get into nor out of bed 
without help ; and to complete all, either by a strain or 
other accident, I have got a contraction oi" the nerves of 
my right tiiigh, with a lump at the upper end, not at all 


^^. If am Aould eontino. I -. .ft-d -T i 
tended journey into Warwickshire will be defeatedf.fiv.I 
can hardly bear the coach a mile. Toll Tojwmni'nihkt I 
use oil of earth-wonuB with opodeldoc to mA«mm<ia 
dispel the lump, but hitherto \vithoat any : rinfala «ffBet, 
and that if she knows. of anything that will do tolAknie 
know it. I am afiraid I have tired you safiBeieoliy mlh 
my impertinence, for which I heartily aak your paBdon* 
and am 

My dear cousin's 

Most affectionate humble fiervant, 

A. Wiscoxtf. 

Mrs. Many to Mrs, Dewen. 

GombuT}', 30 Oct 1746. 

How impatient have I been for an hour to fljr to 
my dearest sister, and tell her what my heart saflhNd 
when I left her happy mansion, which contains a famnge^ 
whose value strengthens with every year, as eveiyij^wr 
(whether absent or present) gives me fresh proo& ^^its 
worth. But now I have found that hour I am at' m fans 
for expression ; gratitude^ ' tender affection, and mrMiw 
that I must leave you, give me such a hurry oftbaiight 
and flutter of spirits that I can say nothing upmi*-* the 
subject, but that I love you most tendeily, and am traly 
thankful to you and Mr. Dewes for the many fimittrs 
received at Welsboume. I assure you that DDi^jofiiis 
most heartily in all I say, and we hope our dear, sensible 
little nephew remembered all his messages ; and npw I 
must quit a subject that is too affecting to us botli,..'Wd 

■■ iOPMnS. DELANY. "-' '*« 

proceed tai^ jou>whatLsteps>w«''tUivft' taken, tuidare'Jn 

take, ;.'.h'.,.... ■..; 11:// :^..:,. ■.■■■..• . ■ - .J -■ -^ ■ 

:iEirsl, many tluuika for sending the keys which my 
loggrajieadfi left bdbind them. The roii4 to t^hip:~ton was 
heavy^ftiKLbad;eiuiiigti; from thenee to OUippingnorton 
liretty well : thera:t*e had a good inn and dinner. We 
left Cbip.ia* fisnr, aiid got to Oornbnry hy half an hour 
after fire, where wu werji expected, and iminediatly oon- 
veyed into the apartment allotted for us, — which is bo 
neat and bo elegant that I never saw anything equal 
lo it. It eonsists of two large rooms and a bedchamber : 
the first room is hung with flowered paper of a gro- 
tesque pattern, the colours lively and the pattern bold and 
handsome, (that is the Dean's dressing-room) ; the next 
room is hung with the finest Indian paper of flowers and 
all sorts of birds, (that is my dressing-room) ; the ceilings 
are all ornamented in the Indian taste, the frames of the 
glass and all the finishing of the room are WL'il-suited ; 
the bedchamber is also liuiig with Indiuu paper oo a gold 
ground, and the bed is Indian toork of silkH and goM on 
white satm ; the windows k)ok into the park, wluoh'is 
kept Hke the finest garden, and is a Parad»d.j ThAgreat 
apartment above-stairs is very ilne -. the rooih we sit in 
after dinner is 48 foot long and two and tw«n1y^ wide; the 
walls are covered with whole lengths of Vandi^lce/ and so 
are two large rooms besides that belong io the DUohes8u>f 
Queenaberrj''s apartment. I have not time to desdribe the 
house more minutely, but upon the whole I think the 
house the most comfortable arid pUasartt Jim house I ever 

1 Walpolc says, " At OomlMiry there «r* portraits of all the royalUU, and 
r^^^icidei, and illuitriom headlesn."' ' ■ > i ' 


saw, for it is not only magnificent and elegant hat eonnf^ 
nteni and rational ; it resembles its master, and •■ is both' 
strong and genteel, nothing can be more agreeable than bur 
behaviour. After we had been a few minutes in our moiM, 
a servant camo to know if we would give his lotd-lttm 
to wait on us: he came immediately, and said'tnttiiy 
pretty things, seemed much pleased at our coming, 
and then led me upstairs to the Duke and * Dncb^m 
of Queensbury, Lord Cliarles Douglas,* (the ycungeiit 
son), and a Mr. Young and Mr. Macky, two Sedtdi 
gentlemen, friends of the Duke of Queenslmry. Wet 
Grace is most gracious and entertcdning, * < J 

Tlie lord of the place will not let us go from henoeHffi 
Saturday, and though it is as agreeable as a place <3rt 
be, since I have left my dearest sister I am impatient to 
get to Bulstrode, but a lameness in one of our herMS 
obliged us to discharge the set we had from Coled^ ttnd 
we could not conveniently have any from Oxford till to^ 
morrow morning. We sent John Ward, William aaid ike 
chaise on to Bulstrode, where I suppose they are by thif 
time, to give notice we should not be there till Mofbjajr 
night ; and have appointed John Ward to meet us to- 
morrow at Woodstock, and by him I shall send this letter. 

Lord Combur3r^ looks thin and dejected, but strives to 
exert himself for Uie entertainment of his company. We 
meet at breakfast between nine and ten, which lasts j^ear 
two hours intermixed with conversations ; when overy,tbe 

M . 

' Ix>rd Charles Dtmcjlas, younijrpst son of Charles, 3rd Duke of Qneensbary 
diufl in 175C. 

* P>(»lin-l)r«»ki» aiMr.'s^til his " liOttcjrs on tho Study of Hintory'* to Lord 
0»riii>iiry, ami ho wms compiiinenr^*! by Pope in X\m [laBiiikge, ** DMa/k^wiiAt 
(. 'orn bn rtj dMn inf.** ■ . ^ .• : r 

r.y OF MBS. DKLANY. - - n 449 

coach is ready for D.D. and me to tour in the park, and 
to see my lord's improvementa, the rest of the company 
ride. I never saw any spot of ^ound more beautiful than 
tlie park. I have taken a eketcb of one part, whicli was 
originaJly a stone quarry, and is now improved into the 
"Wildest prettiest place you can imagine — winding walks, 
mounts covered with all sorts of trees and flowering shnibs, 
rocks covaced with moss, liollows filled witli bushes inter- 
mixed with rocks, rural seats, and sheds ; and in the valley 
beneath a river winds and accomplifilies tlie beaut}'. We 
return home at two and spruce out, dinner at half an 
liour^ after two ; the afternoon — cofi'ee, sauntering, con- 
versation comes on, and tea ; my drawings produced, 
many civilities are uttered, and the whole ends with a 
pool at commerce, wliich brings us to our hour of supper ; 
and we go to our separate apartments at eleven. Tet such 
is my state of mind at present that I cannot half enjoy 
it, and in the midst of what is really agreeable Iteeia 
want that cannot be supplied, and when the dock strikes 
nine, how do I want my dear little sexton to summon nfi 
to prayers 1 and how do I want my dear sifiter ! 

Ever yours, ; M. D. , . 

Mra. Bdamy to Mre. Deiott. ' 

BnWtK*, 7 Wot., 1746: 

In the morning Lady Primrose ' came from Windsor 
to make us a visit, which made onr dinner late ; and 
Mr. Robert Harley * and his nephew came to dinner. 

' rinjii, Hid Viscuniit Primrose, married, in 1739, Miss Drelinconrt,danghter 
of tin' Dean of Amia^ii. 

= Kobert Harley, Enq., H. P., brother to Edwan!, CM Ear! of Oxforf. He 
died unmarried in 1774. "''^ 


Unavoidable chatter and tea have 'TUXb:..m^Bgb:rwi& 
most of the afternoon; but I will make >:ifael'9ansfa'4>f 
my few minute&. You can decipher my 8arawl»/lel?<lMem 
be ever so bad, but I must chide you for TnBJkiwy dcxeaamj 
acknowledgments for trifles. Only repeat .our' laUi^fi^ 
vourite song, and that speaks for us both : ^^AUfriaMt^ 
ia a mutual debt" etc. I want to know where I nuif M&d 
to Sarah Smith when I go to town^ which I believe iwittni 
be till the first week in Dec', for Miss Granville eomcB hen 
the beginning of next week aad will stay the Jttftoof Itti 
month, and I don't care to go whilst sha.slaijnBi *>oWe 
went to see her yesterday. 

The Duchess of Portland was so considente ' lU to 
make a visit to the Duchess of Norfolk^ ^ wbovivfift 
the neighbourhood, that we might ha^re the \ fils i t fldyi 
of a tete-a-tcte, and Lord Inchiquin^ was so provok- 
ing as to come and interrupt us^ but I had a litUe 
wise discourse with her ; Cuz Fo. comes to her the be- 
ginning of December, and stays till after Xtmas. Lady 
Wallingford left us this morning, and on Monday Mrs. 
Montagu comes for a week. Our dear Duchess, I think, 
looks very well ; she is grown much fatter ; but is the 
same kind good creature she ever was. The chil* 
dren are all much grown and improved, and Lord 
Edward a charming boy ; he speaks very few words, but 
makes signs and shows a great apprehension of every 
thing, Mrs. Elstob is pretty well, and enquired very 
much after you. Monf de Poivre is so good-humoured 
and courteous that he may be called Monf de Mid. 

> Edwanl, 0th Duke of Norfolk, married, 6th November, 1727, Haiy, 
daughter and co-heir of Wwaid BUumt, Esq., of Blagdon, Deroo. 
' William, 4th Earl of lochiquiii. 

■.-,:jeat IfHB. DBLANYv. :! i:,i 445 

My new niglit-gown met me, Mtd istfc^ery pretty new 
fashiooerl silk — green and white. i ■ ; i 

'.You were not quite misini'ormed about Lady Emily 
liHjox' and Prince Lobkowitz; ha was in love with Iier 
and made proposals of marriage, but the J-Jmperor would 
Bot consent i'or aome foolish reason of state. I did rot 
hear that Lady Emily was any way engaged to him, and 
eviery thing is agreed on between hec and Lord Kildare, 
and my X>ady Kildare ' (the mother) is oome orer to go 
the wedding. Pruice Lahi acHs-f io: Engtandiilagt^^year. 
Oiice more adieuj^iiii .' "'^ j,^ o-u'^i .'.fuh i Liitjj ,dJ[ii>m 


' EmlU itoiy.sseond daughter of Ciwrtei, god DuVe of. Bichmond, named, 
Bret in 174B-7, to Jamca, Eprlof Kil(liive,aflerwiirdi( created Duke of Leinsler; 
iMd SMondly to WilKann Ogilvio-, Esq, 

of Bobert, 18th Ewl ofjKildart , -. , , , ,->..*., * 

■■■I'.voifi ffe anw •■ ompmool mod. haa ,9j3j-«-alE»J it w 

. 'it t: biuf I imi ,aii iqav&iai itoA omat at aa ^ni 

■/lij )''il ..i sidiu'j .o1 sjjO jisil liJcw twitfooaili »iM 




Mm, JkJany to Mrs. Ikwcn, 

Pall Malt, 15 Jao. 1746-7. 

My lodging consists of one parlour ( staircase is light 
and easy) and a drawing-room, a size larger than wliat 
I had in Clarges Street : tapestry hangings, crimson stuff 
damask curtains and chairs, and tolerable glasses between 
the windows. The bed-chamber backwards, new and dean ; 
crimson and -^(^ow flaring hangings of paper, and a be^ 
of the same materials as the curtains in the dining-room ; 
but it looks into a pretty garden, and over the Prinbe of 
Wales's into the park, which is cheerful and pleasant. 
The two pair of stair rooms and the garrets all very icier* 
able. The rent four guineas a week ; the situation is 
next door to the Cocoa Tree, which is the direction tt) 
me. Foley and Gran come to town to-morrow. 

Yesterday, out of my great prudence, having had the 
headache two days with the bustle, I was let blood. 

I opened my door to everybody j'esterday, and had 
Mrs. Clayton, Mrs. Donnellan, Miss Brown, Dnchesa'df 
Portland, Mrs. Montagu, Lady Cath. Hanmer, and IiISbs 
Deering, the Duchess of Queensbury, and the Duke of 
Portland. Mr. Bateman and Mr. Southwell, and the Maid 
of Honour. To-day I dine with the Claytons, in the aftei^ 
noon go to Lady Sunderland. To-morrow I go to'lSc. 
James's to pay my devoirs with the Duchess of Portland j 
dine at home ; in the afternoon go to the Duchess of 
Norfolk, who i^ ill and confined; to the Countesa of 

uF una. us^xaw . ■ 447 

Kildare, (who is come from Ireland to her son's wedding) 
uud finish at the Duohess of Quee.nsherry's, who is to have 
a huiTicane. On Saturday I propose sitting quiet. Oq 
Sunday I go to Carlton House to* pay my salutations to 
their lioyal Highnesses, and in the afternoon to Mrs. 
Montagu. I go to-morrow in my Irish green damask 
and my worked head ; on the Birthday, which is on 
Tuesday next, in a tiowered silk I have bought since I 
came to town, on a pale deer-coloured figured ground ; 
the flowers, mostly purple, are mixed with white feathers. 
I think it extrtimely pretty and very modest. Thus far 
was written yesterday ; my head is dressed hut I wait for 
my mantua. Mrs. Coh has promised to bring it I>y 
twelve; she is I hope well married i her husband seems 
to have sense, and has promised me to be very kind to 
his wife. {This h by t/tc by). Lady Sunderlaud looks ill, 
but is better. Her son Sutton is as tall as my brother j 
he is going immediately to O.\.l'ord, and promises very' 
well; Miss Sutton i^,,^ she bXw&js was, &a agcGiM\i\e 
young woman. Many enquiries , aifter jo^ were ma4^, 
many services sent. 

I was, as I proposed, at Court yesterday, an^ yt^ 
presented and most graciously received. The King 
asked me how I Uked Ireland, the Duke/ ^i^, the sama 
I dined at home, and in the afternoon, fl^y brother cam^j 
he looks grave, and lives much at homSii tliQUgb. l«e )9 
nmeh courted for his company abroad. At sis I went 
to the Maid of Honour's, and found the, NQ$egay^ together, 
Mrs. Foley looks very well after her journey. 

I hope Mr. Chap, can hold Senington,* with his other 
livings. Has he a house there, or does he continue 

' Tlie three sisters Hotioursblc Ann aadElifflbethGrativi]te,BndHn. Poleyr 
> (Iway tii.\)i.nhaviyian1 near Anilover's Ford, Gloucestershire. 


at Cheltenham P I must send my little Jacky a pair of 
stays, and his sister ;* let me know what size I must be- 
speak. Lady Sarah Cowper is so happy (so very happy) 
as to have her sister in town with her ; she has had a fever, 
and eve* since a lurking feverishness, for which she now 
takes tar water. After my visit to tfie sistet^s I went wMi 
the Duchess (of all the Duchesses), to the Dacheae c( 
Norfolk, who stays at home and sees everybody, and from 
thence to the Duchess of Queensberry's rout, where I 
saw much finery. My eyes at first were dazzled wiih 
the prettyness of the scene, but half an hour waa enough. 
However I had the Duchess of Portland, and we sat 
together almost all the time we staid; there I saw Mr. 
Keck and Lady Susan.^ I came home at half an hour 
after ten to my own good companion, who always reoeiyes 
me with smiles. Miss Granville came home soon after 
me, and when a little chat was over we retired to our 

Gran likes her apartments mightily, and Mrs. Foley 
has made her a present of a very handsome suit of 
clothes for the Prince of Wales's birthday. 

This morning I am to go to the Duchess of Queena- 
berr}'*s to see her work and painting ; dine at home with 
our cousins and m}'' brother; in theaftremoon I proposed 
staying quietly, but the Duchess of Portland will have 
me and all my company come to her ; I oppose, but 
believe she will yet get the better. To-morrow I am to 
be presented at Carlton House. I like Sarah Smith very 
much ; she is nimble and quiet, civil and very handy. 

» liOtly Anne Colleton, 

^ La^ly Susan Hamilton, eldest daughter of James, 4th Duke of HamfltDD, 
married Anthony Tracy Keck, Esq., of (ireat Tew, county of Oxford, and dlod 
jMiie3, M'iii, 

OF Mils. DEI.ANY, 4W 

t" UJK| « '(i ^r». fle/any to Mn, D«(*s. ' »• 

" * >•>'-• I" ! Pall Mftll, 21 Jan. 1746-T. '' 

I must now communicate to you all ray transactions 
since my last journal, which I believe ended with ray 
having been at St. Jaraes'e and afc the Duchess of Queens- 
berry's rout. On Saturday Whitehall ; the Duchess in- 
veigled away all my company, and I followed. Sunday 
I went to St. James Chapel at eight, came home, dressed 
and went to Carlton House at three with the Duchess of 
Portland ; I was presented, and so was the Dean ; who 
was also spoken to by their Royal Highnesses very grar 
ciously. Dined at the Duchess of Queensberry's ; nobody 
but her Grace, the Dean, and myself; she was extremely 
civil and entertaining. At seven the Duchess of Port- 
land called rae to go to Lady Kildare ; not at home. 
Went on to Hanover-Square : Mrs. Montagu there ; 
drank tea ; she went on to other visits ; I staid till nine 
o'clock. I 

Monday I spent the day at Whitehall settling ottr 
Queen's jewels, and yesterday we made our appearance 
at Leicester-house. The Duchess of Portland was ifi 
white satin, the petticoat ruffled, and robings and facing. 
She had all her fine jewels on, and looked haudaomef 
than ever I saw her look in my life, and in^ my eyes oub- 
shone tIb every respect all theblazingistftre df the Comt.- 
There was not much new finery, new clothes not being 
required on this Birthday. They curl and wear a great 
many tawdry things, but there is such a variety in the 
manner of dress, that I don't know what to tell yon is 
the fashion ; the only thing that seems general are 
hoops of an enormous size, and most people wear vast 
winkers to their heads- They are now cpraetQ, such: aai 


extravagance in those two particulars, that I expect soon 
to see the other extreme of thread-paper heads and no 
hoops, and from appearing like so many blatim bladders we 
shall look like so many bodkins stalking about. I never 
saw a greater crowd than at Leicester-house. The reign- 
iiig beauty I think among the very young things, is Miss 
Carpenter, ' Lord Carpenter's daughter ; and since l4idy 
Dysart was fifteen I have not seen anything so handsome ; 
but the prize of beauty is disputed with her by Lady Emily 
Lenox. She is indeed '' Like some tall stateltf tower \* the 
otlier is " soiiu VirginQueens delicious bower/' We dined 
at Wliiteliall. Lord Bateman' dined there ; he is exces- 
sively thin, polite and modest in behaviour. Li the after- 
noon I called upon Cuz Fo ; made a visit to the Peicivak 
and Lady Westmoreland, who is confined Mrith the gout. 
Coming out from her house, as soon as I got into my 
chair, the chairmen fairly overturned it, — -fairly I may 
say, for not a glass was broken nor was I the least hurt ; I 
own I was a little terrified, and Lord Westmoreland 
hearing a bustle at the door, found me topsy turvy. He 
insisted on my getting out of my chair, which I did, 
drank a glass of water, sat half an hour in his libraryi 
and went on to Lady Frances Carteret ; found her at home 
ill of a cold ; she enquired much after you and your fine 
children : we are to dine there on Friday next. To- 
day we dine in Bond Street, to-morrow at Mrs. Vesey's. 
Miss Granville went with us to the Birthday in a white 
satin with brocaded flowers, and my brother's present of 

> Alicia, (laughter of George, 2iid I/)rd Car|)cnt€r, married fint, Char1ci» Itl 
Karl of K^mont, who dic-d 21st Au;:ust, 17H3, and Recondly, Count Brvhl, 
Minister fnmi Saxony. She was I^dy of the Bedchamber to Queen Cbarlotte. 

3 John, 2nd Viscount Ikitenian, sucret'dt.Hi his father in 1744« He 
l^Iaster of the Huckhounds, and M.P for WomUtock. 


a Brussels laced head, and I hope my Lord Weymouth 
will add another hundred pounds a year to her income, and 
then she will be in very easy circumstances. 

Poor Mrs. Littleton,' has left a most disconsolate mother, 
and an afflicted husband; she was happy in this world, 
according to our notion of happiness, and was an agree;ible 
and deserving woman, which makes her much lamented. 
My concern is for the unhappy survivors, for I hope she 
has found a more certain and more glorious happiness 
than can be our portion here, but they have lost that 
which cannot be made up to them in tliis world. Her 
.own great imprudence it is thought occasioned her death. 

Lord North has been here twice, and I have most un- 
luckily been abroad. Master Brownlow " has had the small 
pox, and Miss Charlotte is inoculated from him, so that 
at present he is shut up from many of his acquaintance. I 
hope now the bustle of the Birthday is over I shall have 
leisure to spend more time with her than I have. 

Just as I came to this place, in came Mr. Handel, and 
be has prevented my adding any more. Violet's kindest 
compliments : she is a very ^reeable person in the house. 
The Maid of Honour was so fatigfued at the ball, that as 
soon as she had danced her minuets she fainted away, 
but she is now well again. " The Allegro " is a drawing, 
I have imagined in imitation of Mr. Handel's Let me 
wander, etc., and I have brought in all the images as 
well as I could. " Tlie Penseroso " is in embryo. 

' Lucy, daiigbtcr of Hugh Fortescue, Esq., of Filleigb, county Devon, who died 
Jnoimry 19, 1747, and wife of Mr, hyUelUm, who succeeded hia father in lbs 
baronetcy, 1751. 

" Brownlow, son of Lord North by his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Kir Arthur Kaye. He was born July 17, 1741, and was successively Bishop 
of Lichlield, of Worcester, and of Winchester, and died July 12, 11420. 

2a 2 




Mrs, Delany to Mrs, Dewa, 

Pdl Mall, 29 Jan. 1746-7. 

As to what you propose of my coming to Welsboujme, 
I will compromise the matter as well as I can. D.D. 
intends going to the Bath, but is so good as to say I 
can spend that time among my friends ; so what I pro- 
pose is to go directly to Gloucester, make a visit of a 
fortnight or three weeks there, and bring my mama and 
your little boy to Welsbourne ; when I go to Gloacester. 
D.D. will go to the Bath, and follow me to Welsbourne. 
I cannot think of your hurrying yourself about, and I am 
sure Gloucester is not 2i place you wish to visit when you 
liave not an indispensable call ; but I must go there, 
for it would not be right towards my mother, not to do 
it. God knows how long I may be permitted to pay her 
that duty ; pray was she not 75 the last birthday ? She 
writes me word she has got a little of the gout in her 
foot ; I hope it will be of service to her, though a severe 

We dined with Lord Granville last Friday; I have 
not seen him so cheerful and agreeable, and Lady 
Frances does the honours of the table very civiUy, and 
I assure you there is an improvement in their dinners 
also. Lady Dysart is in town ; Lady Georgina* at Wim* 
bleton. I am to go soon with the Duchess of Queens- 
berry, to make her a morning visit. The penalty 
on cambrick does not touch the buyer but the seller. 
I think you quite in the right to make a sack; they 
are easier and handsomer than any other dress for a 
lady in your circumstances ; you may wear a sack with a 

» Lady Georgiua SiXincer (bom Carteret), afterwards CounteM Cowpv. 


mob under your chin if you please. Scotch caps are all 
the mode and worn by all ages ; they are put on with a 
couple of pins, and that is a great recommendation for 
any dress. 

Last Saturday I went to the play ; it was the Funeral,* 
which I think an entertaining play, and the new farce of 
Miss in her Teens,* composed by Gurrick ; nothing cc&i 
he lower, but the part he acts in it himself (Mr. Fribble) 
he makes so very ridiculous that it is really entertaining. 
It is said he mimics eleven men of fashion — Lord Bate — ^n, 
L** Her — y, Felton Her — y, some others you don't 
know, and our friend Dicky Bate — ^n, I ri^ust own the 
latter is a striking likeness ; but do not name to any body 
these people, for I don't love to spread such tattle, though 
I send it for your private amusement, and that you may 
not be ignorant of the ways of this world. I went with 
the Duchess of Portland, who is very well, and charged me 
with her " kind love to Pip." Sunday dined at Whitehall, 
and met my brother in the afternoon. Yesterday went to 
Sir Luke Schaub's to see his pictures, which are now iu 
better order than when I was in England before; he 
has got a very good house in Old Bond Street. In 
the afternoon I was engaged to Lady Mary CoUey, to 
meet Mrs. Donnellan and Clayton ; to-day they dine with 
me, and I stay at home the rest of the day. 

The Duchess of Portland was saying one day no one 
had invited her to a drum, upon which I sent her 
ten cards in feigned hands, — from Mrs. Cruzzle^ m 
Swallow Streetj Mrs. May of Bbomsbury, Mrs. Winter of 
Snow-hill^ Mrs, Alestub of Brewer^s Street^ Mrs. Sprat 

^ The Funeral, or Grief a-la-mode, a oomedy, by Sir Biohaid StoeH. 

2 Miss in her Teens, a farce, by Garrick ; produced in Dublin during his 

st'cond visit to Ireland. 


tS' a bir^A :/ o\^^ir^ ■:/ Billinff^ffoi^y Mrs. She^ of 
S->tv-:. J/rj-. Pj^ri? •:/* Bi*hof*jaie Sirget, Mrs. Phimmer 
in Le>id'fn.hr3U Srrtr^/, Mrs. Seluine in SadccUe Street. 
At fir?t she o^iild not tell what to make of such a rig- 
my-r^id, but at last fixed it on Greene and the Dake. 

Sir Charles Mordaunt'^ made me a visit the day before 
yesterdav : he savs his dan^ters are to be in town next 
month. ^Ir. Stanley and twenty fiddle faddles have tor- 
moiled me all the morning : bnt I moat tell you before I 
conclode that I have got a proyision / hope for Mm. 
Drake . Poor Mrs. C. is to be boarded in the eountry, 
and as the Dochess of Portland wanted some trusty per- 
son to attend her, I thought of Mrs. Drake, and wrote 
to my mother to know if Mrs. D. would undertake it for 
twelve pounds a year, which she does readily, and is much 
pleased at the provision. Mrs. C« is never outrageous ; 
it may rather be called a total loss of memory than mad- 
ness, though she is as incapable of doing anything for 
herself, as if she was in the strongest frenzy. 

A period of four months ensues after this letter ; and the next 
date is Chester, in May of the same year, when the Dean of Down 
and Mrs. Delany were once more on their way to Ireland. 

Mrs, Delany to Mrs. Dewes, at Wddtaurne, 

Chester, Sunday, balf-an-boiir after eleTcn, (Jfef.) 

^ad our wheels been as heavy as my heart when I 
left Welsboume we should have made a tedious journey. 

^ Sir Charles Mordaunt, of Massingham in Norfolk, the 6th Baronet of tiie 
f imily. He was member for the county of Warwick, and died in 1778, His 
first wife Vas a daughter of Sir John Conyera, by whom he bad two dan^tcn; 
ho married secondly, in 1730, Sophia, only daughter of Sir John WoddMN»e» 
by whom he had two sons, John, who succeeded him, and Charles. 

OP MHa DEI.ANT. 455 

So many tender attachments as I have there malces 
euch a separation very severe ; but in our stages through 
this world we must feel the alternatives of grief and joy. 
To leave a i'riend one loves must at all times be most 
painful ; if anytliing can render it less so it is the con- 
solation of ssuch a friend as bears me company, who not 
onlt/ thinks it reasonable for me to grieve Ibr leaving 
inestimable I'riends, but himself sincerely grieves too. 

He is gone to church, and by mistake I am not; they 
neglected bringing rae word, as D.D. ordered them, 
when the IjcU rung, and I am now too late. We arrived 
on Fri<lay at Castle Brumidge between ten and eleven, 
through excessively bad roads ; there dined on baiion and 
Bggs, roast fowl and broiled fowl, I swallowed meat and 
drink and somHhing else, for few, iiery few woj'ds passed. 

Next day (which was yesterday) dined at Newport, lay 
at Whitchurch : could we have met with a fresh set of 
horses there, had come on to C'liester to avoid travelling 
on Sunday ; but the perversenesa of our coachman was 
such that he would neither be ready early enough any 
morning nor go one mile further. Thank God we arrived 
here at ten this morning safe and well, without any bad 
accident, but the obstinate surliness of our coachman. 
Mr. Coles has used us ill, and pray let liim know it ; two 
of the horses were too young to work, and the man that 
rode postilion had never been postilion in his life. Mr. 
Lawe with our pair of mares made as much expedition 
as we did. I have promised the coachman if he dcHvers 
tliis letter, or sends it to you as soon as he returns, 
that you ivnuld give him something. Lady Kildare did 
not go till laiit Thursday, the wind being contrary ; the 
yacht is expected in this tide, and in all probability we 


shall set sail to-morrow morning. Dr. Cobden and his 
lady are gone in a ship thej fonnd ready; ihej drwe 
themselves from London to Chester, and left their maid 
to come in tlie stage coach with their portmanteau 1 Hie 
maid is come, but no |K)rtmanteau, she swears it was de- 
livered to the stage coachman, the man swears he did 
not receive it, the trunk can't be heard of yet, and if 
not found the man will be sent to Newgate. It ia really 
a vexatious affair. All our things are safely arrived. 
I left word with Betty Smith that, upon second thon^te, 
I would not have Lord Sandwich^ sent in less time than a 
fortnight ; it had best be thoroughly dry. 

We arc to dine at 1, and at 3 set out for Park Gate ; 
by that time I hope we shall have some acconnt of the 
yacht — I will not seal my letter till then. DJ). is deariy 
of opinion we might have performed our journey to Chester 
in two days with ease had the horses been such as Mr. Cole 
promised him they should ; or even as they were had 
he not expressly commanded the coachman to the contrary. 
I believe there never was bom so provoking a man as the 
coachman, but thank God we have done with him, and 
are safe at Park Gate. I send this by the postilion, who 
seems to be the honester man of the two. Adieu, my most 
dear sister, the yacht is not yet returned, and not ex- 
pected till to-morrow afternoon; I shall not be sonj to 
rest a day. We have a quiet clean lodging, and are both 
very well, 

> One of Mn. DeUiiy*B paintingii. 


4ST 1 

Mrs. Delany to Mrt. Devxs, 

Turk Gale, 19 May, 1747, 
'Tis cruel my dearest sister to liave lost so many pre- 
ci6ua hours ; for here we are mtill, and may be some days 
longer, aa the yacht by accounts this morning had not 
sailed out of the Bay of Dublin yesterday, and the wind 
is DOW against her ; but we could not foretell that, for 
had the wind been favourable, the yacht had waited for us, 
instead of our waiting for her ; we keep up our spirits 
as well as our present disagreeable circumstances will 
allow: I compare it with what I suffered when I was 
last going to Ireland, and think myself happy. D.D. 
reads to me whilst I work cross-stitch, or cut letters,' and 
exerts his good-humoured cheerfulness to keep up my 
spirits. We walk out twice or thrice a-day. Park Gate 
consists of about 50 or GO houses in an irregular line by 
the water sidu ; the river JDee runs from Chester, but is 
not navigable farther than to this place. A few ships lie 
before us, and continually people passing and repassing, 
which is some amusement. The strand opposite to this 
house is about four miles over, and on the other side is a 
large tract of mountainous land, (Flintshire,) hut very rich 
and finely cultivated. The fields behind the houses are 
pleasant to walk in, but the strMid before the houses rough 

' Almost every thing Mrs. Delany ilid is marked with her cypher, and Jn 
innumerable instances cut out in coloured paper. The " UtUrt " here alluded 
to arc probably cyphers to be used when wauted. On one occasion, while 
waitinu a long time for fair weather to embaik at Park Gate, and having 
cKbaustcd her mntcrialti for employment, shesan a painter goiug to repMDt 
thi.' sign of the inn ; she immediately projused to pay him the price he was to 
receive, and to do it for him, wliich she did wiUi his paints and bnishea. Mrs. 
IV'Inny related this story herself to the Editor's mother; the sign was (she 
liclitvfd) a SH'iin. 


and stony. iVfiot rare amtisenient should I have did it pro- 
duce any shells ! but alas here are none but ordinary dirty 
cockles and mussels. About a mile off is a little village 
called Nesson ; we walked to it yesterday in search of ad- 
ventures, but met with none ; came home at nine hungry 
to our supper, and slept very well after it. Our books 
are almost read through, and I am afraid we shall not 
meet with any in our neighbourhood, except the TnTOigfAr 
of our parish will be so charitable as to supply us. He is 
to make us a visit this afternoon, and perhaps his wife 
will also come, his name is Mapletoft. 

In our walks this morning we were much amused in 
finding a variety of fine caterpillars, but I can't say any 
uncommon sorts except one, which some inhuman ibofc 
had crushed to. death, with a head as green as an emerald, 
and the body shades of browns and gold colour. Another 
great pleasure to us, was hearing and watching the lark 
singing, as he soared, hovering, wavering, and flattering 
from side to side as he varied his strains, and at Issi 
dropped down to the grass to meet his mate. How many 
natural and exquisite deUghts daily poured down on ns 
from heaven, are daily lost upon us for want of a leisoie 
moment to attend to them, or a heart 8u£Biciently gr a te fu l 
to acknowledge them, of which this instance of the lark is 
at once a fine emblem and proof. 

I think now I have given you a true and exact ac- 
count how we are situated, and how we have past our 


Mrt. Dttaay to Mn. DeiBtt. 

DelriUe, 26 Uftf, mr. 

I hope my dearest aister has received aU my letters 
regularly, and then she knows that we have had (I 
thank God) a very good journey and safe voyage, and 
are arrived at our own dear villa ; where il" I could be so 
happy as to receive and entertain those friends tliat have 
so kindly received and entertained me in England, I could 
not envy (were I the most envious of creatures) any being 
upon earth. But I must not indulge a thought so much 
out of my power ; I will endeavour to be thnnkful for tbe 
blessings I enjoy, fully convinced how nnwortbj I am 
of them, and not presume to think I have any pretensions 
to be possessed of more. 

Your most welcome letter of the 15th May gave me 
very different sensations of pain and pleasure ; every 
little sentiment and circumstance was delightful to a 
heart so affectionately devoted to yon as mine is. Your 
visit to the nursery, the manner of the children's accost- 
ing yon, your going to my room and closet, all that I 
had formed to myself, and followed you step by step I I 
feel the truth of what you say, that we " ought to make 
our friendship c(mtribute to our happiness, and not our 
woe ;" and since we must be separated, let us make 
tliat distressfiil circumstance as light as we can, hy 
communicating our thoughts and manner of life ; when 
wc cannot purcliasc an original, we must content our- 
selves with the best copy we can get. Apropos, all my 
pictures, china, &c., have come safe and well, and I don't 
doubt but tliose that you have taken care to send after 


me, will do the same, I hope when you opened my box 
you looked at the plants and birds. 

Lady Sarah Cowper's letter touched me eztremdy ; I 
have returned it to you. I don't know what to make of 
her disorder, and think it must be much increased to 
confine her all the summer in town. Don't send Loid 
Sandwich till quite dry. 

We were invited to dine on Friday with the Fordes, 
and went, and in the evening I called upon the two Mrs. 
Hamiltons and Miss Forth, and found all well. But 
Mrs. Forth Hamilton is now under an anxieiy I am 
sure you will feel for — her two children were inoculated 
last Friday morning. I hope they will do well, and that 
joy may restore her to a happy state she has not known 
for some time.^ Saturday I spent at home unpacking 
and beginning to settle. We liad the pleasure of finding 
house and gardens in perfect beauty ; and Mr. Greene 
has added three beautiful young deer to my stock with a 
milk white face ; my swan is well ; Tiger knew me, and 
I have a very fine thriving colt and calf. On Sunday went 
to church, had a table-full of old acquaintance, in the 
afternoon went to church again, and found ladies at 
home on my return. I have breakfasted and drafik tea 
in an afternoon in my garden twice ; Pearly Bower in 
high beauty, and I have not failed paying my daily 
homage to it. The robins have not yet welcomed us, 
but one chaffinch has, and hops after us wherever we go. 
Yesterday Mrs. F. Hamilton walked here by 8 clock and 

' It mutft be rememborcd that inoculation for small pox was at this timt 
resorted to partially and often ended fatally ; and the misery that papsnti 
endured in di'ciding upon having it done, may well be imagined, although 
aware it was giving their children a greater chance of life than if caught natu- 


4fSl " 

staid till 2, and my Mrs. Hamilton spent the greatest 
part of the morning with me. I had company all the 
afternoon — people you don't know, so that I have not 
liad a quiet day since I came home. Bushe desires her 
baisemains. As soon as 1 get ray receipt-book I will 
send you the isinglass cement. 

Mr». Ddtnof lu Mrs. Detcei. 

Delville, 6 Juue, 1747. 

The drawing-box and book and everj^thing contained 
therein are arrived safe, even to the very nightcaps. 
I bave been so lucky in my journey home, as not to 
have had anything the least rubbed, broken, or damaged. 
I suppose you looked at my Lady Abbess ?' It is really 
like, though by no means a good likeness. It was prettily 
and kindly done ; but how without a magical waud it 
could be so soon finished I cannot conceive. 

I am glad ynu have got the letter from Park Gate, with 
the verses ; the race of coachmen and postiHons are a 
faithless generation ; never more shall we bring coach 
or horses over. They are a great expense, and the daiu^e 
they receive by the voyage, and the great trouble attend- 
ing them at the Custom hotise is so teazing, that I should 
never wish to be so embarrassed again in a country 
where those conveniences can -be had for money. I 
thank God the Bean and I have been perfectly well since 
we came home, and have enjoyed the sweets and sunshine 
of Delville as much as some rainy days and a great deal 
of company would permit. Yesterday we spent the whole 

1 Honourable A, Gniaville. 


day (but an hour at dinner, and that was partly) in the 
garden, for our htchenrgraie was down^ and a new one 
putting up, stoves making, and a boiler placing, so thai 
we could have nothing conveniently drest at home : we 
sent our mutton and chicken to Mr. Barber s honae at the 
end of the garden, and had it drest in his kitchen, and eat 
it in his dining-room, which looks into Carlingford gar- 
den. His wife and children are gone further into the 
country for a little while. Mr. Barber came liome when 
we had half dined, in a great hurry, to bum some of his 
enamels^ little thinking to find his house full of com- 
pany, which occasioned some mirth amongst ns. As 
soon as we had dined we adjourned to the Beggar's Hnt, 
and had coffee there. Just as it was over, Mrs. Clayton 
called on me to go to Lady Orrery's,* who lives abont 
half a mile from hence ; she was not at home ; we returned 
to Delville, and drank tea in the garden. 

You are very kind in inquiring after Smith ; she was very 
sick at sea, but well again as soon as landed ; she is much de- 
lighted with Delville, and (as much as she has seen) with 
Ireland. Sfie and mi/ housekeeper take to one another 
extremely ; and I hope I am now settled with honest quiet 
domestics. Fribble behaves himself very well, and Thomas 
will make I believe, in time, a very good butler. I should 
have mentioned to you my pretty birthday present before 
but that I thought D.D. had told you what it was. It was a 
pair of 3-drop amethyst earrings, set round with diamonds: 
I shall wear them on Tuesday next, (the 9th of June,) with 
the pearl necklace ; we have invited all our good fnends^ 

' Margaret, daughter and aolc Iioir of Jolm Hamilton, of Caledon, S^-* 
tlie SLOund wife of John, 5tli Earl of Orrery. 


the Barbers and Mr. and Mrs. Greene, to make merry 
\vith us that day, and have got my pretty ninepiii alley 
in order for their entertainment. I wish poor Dowager 
Barber could make one amongst ua ; but aJaa I ahe scarcely 
ever rises ont of her bed, though I tliink on the whole she 
looks and is better than when I left her last year. 

Mrs. F. Hamilton's children are in a very fair way. 
Bushe is gone to spend the day with them, and we dine 
with Mr. and Mrs. Lawe. 1 made yours and Mr. Dewes's 
compUments to Iiim, and he begs a thousand acknow- 
ledgements to you for all favours, particularly tlie meath,' 
which was of great service to hira. I am much obliged 
to Miss Holyoak for her kind remembrance of me. 

The Fables were bought of Mr. Dodsley in Pall Mall ; 
he won't scruple changing one of the volumes I am sure. 
Miss P.' was married at St. James's Chapel, as you know 
by this, on the 20th of May. So now, adieu. Did I not 
tell you I had hopes of having my Mrs. IJajuiltoD with 
me for ten days or a fortnight, whilst her house is new 
painting ? D.D. talks of going to the North soon : and if 
he does not stay long I shall be glad to be excused the 

Mr$. Delany to Mrs. Deuiet. 

Delville, 13 June, 1747. 
I must begin this letter with making an apology for 
D.D's negligence of the enclosed letter, whicli he sup- 
poses (for he lias quite forgot) was given him at Glou- 
cester for my mother, and the short sta,y he made at 

' Query mcaiL 

• Mary, daugliter of Brigadier -General Price, married, in May, 1747, the 
Hoiible. niid Itevd. Edward Towuahend, fifth son of Cbarlen, 2Dd Tiscouiit 



Welsbourne and the hurry he was in made him not !«• 
collect it at a proper time. He asks my mother a thou- 
sand pardons, and hopes you will intercede for him, and 
present his and my humble duty. 

It was a great pleasure to me to hear of my brother's 
being with you, and of his being well ; I have not heard 
from him since I came to Ireland. I don't wonder he 
was pleased with Wroxton, his good taste must make 
him like it ; but if he only breakfasted there, he conld 
not have time to see all its beauties. 

I am glad Mr. Dcwes wedding ^ is over, and his tron* 
ble and care at an end. I had a letter from Cnz Foley 
two packets ago, with an account of Father Foley's being 
in a dangerous way ; I imagine by this, he is either dead 
or recovered, for he could not last long in the way he 
was in when she wrote ; she gave an account of his illness 
with her usual good-nature, and seemed to be much 
affected with the melancholy scene. I pity poor Mim 
Foley, though I believe the old gentleman's peevishness^ 
which has m groim upon kirn of late, will make his death 
less grievous. Mrs. Worsenham* was grown weary of 
the tedious winters at Stoke, and has taken a house at 
Worcester, which I think is a lucky circumstance. 
My Mrs. Hamilton has promised to spend a fortnight 
with me here. I believe she will come to me the week 
after next. Pray have you been with Lady Anne Coven- 
try and given her the vase. I am to-day to have the Bishop 
of Cloghcr, Mrs. C. and niece, Mr. Donnellan, his lady and 
daughters, Mr. and Mrs. Marley. Bushe is with me, and 
Mr. and Mrs. Greene ; and we are to have in the evening 

> This muBt liave bten tbe woddinjj of a ward of Mr. Dcwes. 
- Query Mrs. Wolstonholmo, motlicr of Mr. FoIpv'm third wife. 


a large party at nine pins. I liave made my alley very 
spruce, and sown in the borders sorae of the flower-seeds 
I brought with me from Welsbonme. 

And now I have a sad tale to tell you. My fine cow, 
who had just brought me a fine calf', died yesterday, just 
in the same manner as Fair Face ; she was well at seven 
in the moraing and grazing, and before eight, she was 
found fallen into a ditch, and died before night, very 
much swelled. The wise folks think it was sorae poison- 
ous thing that she had eaten : we had her buried, 
skin and all, and her skin cut cross and cross, that no- 
body might be tempted to dig her up. I hope it was 
nothing infectious, for thank God this country has 
hitherto escaped the sickness among the cattle. 

Last Wednesday the Archbishop of Dublin, Dr. Cobbe,' 
and Mrs. Cobbe, Mi-, and Mrs. MeAulay, dined here, 
and on Thursday we dined at McAulays. 

D.D. hath been engaged tliese throe diiys past to hear 
the examinations at the college for fellowships, which they 
say are the most learned of all the university examinations. 
I have not yet been able to settle to painting ; I propose 
beginning next AVednesday, but I have a terrible long 
train of visits to return. Yesterday in the afternoon, in 
the midst of the broiling sun, I left my shady Pmrly 
Bower to make visits. What a mortification I but civil- ■ 
ities must be paid, and something given up to support 

Yesterday morning I for the first day since I came 
worked four hours at my Quilt, and Mr. Greene read to 
us. Bushe painted, and Mrs. Greene made a night-gown 

1 C'li.irles Cobbc, ,\rchl)iBlioii of Dublin from 1742 to 1765. He was pre- 
viiMisly Bisliop of Kildnre, 

VOL. U. 2 II 


for the little boy. One day next week we are to go s 
house-warming to her. Mantua-makers and housekeeper! 
&c., call me away. 

I suppose you have seen Mr. Littleton*s ' verses on Ids 
wife, but least you should not, I add them, for I think 
them very pretty and just. 

Made to onga^o all hearts, to chartn all eyw, 
Though weak ma^i^nanimoas, though witty wise. 
Polite as all her life in courts had becD, 
Yet good as she the world had never seen. 
Tlie nobler fire of an exalted mind 
With gentlest female tenderness combin'd. 
Her speech, was the melodious voice of love, 
Her song the warbling of the vernal grove, 
Her eloquence was sweeter tlian her song. 
Soft as her lieart and as her virtue strong. 
Her form the Iwauty of her mind cxprcss'd. 
Her mind was Virtue by the Graces drest. 

If you have not read his letter to Mr. Gilbert West oil 
St. Paul's Conversion, I beg you will, it is one T)f the finest 
things I ever read in my life. 

^fr$, Ihhmy to Mrs. ZV ?tv«, at WeJiiftoume, 

Dolville, 20 Jane, 1747. 

How my vagabond letter came to be put into the 
Maidstone bag instead of the Kineton, I can't imagiaa 

* Gcorsff, the eldest son of Sir Tliomas TiVttelton, of Hagley, in Woroetitfw 
shire, was Iwm in 1709. In 1741, he married Miss Lucy Forteacue. On hm 
death, about five years afterwards, he wrote amoaody, considered the best of 1m 
poetical productions. Tn 1747 he gave the world his Olvtervationa on At 
Conversion of St. I^ul. He wrote also Dittloffues of the Dead, Hitlar^ if 
liennj IT,, &;. Mr. Lyttelton held many iniix)rtAnt ofllces in the Govern- 
niont, and was creati-il I^ord Lyttelton, November, 1757. lie died Augiut 22, 


I am glad at last it woe so fortunate as to fiitd a safe 

I am very glad my brother hath made the tour of your 
neighbourhood, it is a very pleasant one. But yon have 
not named Sir Charles Mordaunt, which makes me fear 
he is not yet well cnougli to coinc liome. I am very 
sorry Mr. Sherwood Laa had a retiun of his disorder. 
I trust, without my making frequent repetition of y* same, 
you will do me and D.D. justice with all your neigh- 
bours. Poor Mr. Fortescue's death was very shocking. 
I am sorry Mr. Dewes has had so many interruptions 
and calls from his own home; I suppose lie will be 
obliged to go t-o London soon. 

Last Sunday I spent at home, as I generally do. In 
the afternoon came some ladies of the neighbourhood, 
and Dowager Lady Kildare ; on Monday Busiie and I 
made visits, in Dublin, furiously drest out in all our 
airs ! I caught a little cold, and kept at home quietly all 
Tuesday ; four gentlemen of the college came and dined 
here, and not one day have I yet sat down to dinner with 
a less addition. On Wednesday two friends of Bushe'a, 
and old acquaintances of mine dined here — ^Mrs. Preston 
and Jlrs. Dillon, two sisters, and two young she Dillons. 
Mrs. Dillon went by the name of " Beauty divine " when 
I came first to Ireland ; fifteen years have faded her bloom, 
but not ruffled the sweetness of her countenance, which is 
still pretty. Mrs. Preston is plain in her person, but a 
sensible, friendly, good woman ; I liave promised to 
make her a visit of a few days this summer when D.D. 
returns, it lies in his road from the North, and I shall 
meet him there. On Tliursday morning I painted. I am 
now copying " Lady Johanna ThomhiU," and have King 
Charlts 1st ni/'iin to copy for D.D., and the promise of 
2 u 2 



a fine one from our Lord Primate;* he and his sister 
Mrs. Stone, and the Bishop of Deny,* and Mrs. Barnard, 
(another sister of the Primate's) dine here to-day. You 

love a bill of fare, and here it is. 

First Course. 

Beef- Rabbits, 

steaks. Soup, and 




Second Course. 
Turkey Pout. 
Salmon Pick. SftL 

Grilde. and Quaills. 
T.ittle Terrene Peas. Cream. Mnah- Terrene 

Ap})lo Pye. roomi. 

Crab. lieveret. Cheeseokes. 




and Cream. 
and Jellv. 
and Cream. 

Almond Cream. 

Currant and Goose- 

Orange Butter. 

I have scratched it out very awkwardly, and hope the 
servants will place my dinner and dessert hetter on the 
table than I have on paper. I give as little hot meat as 
possible, but I think there could not be less, considering 
the grandees that are to be here : the invitation w^s " to 
bctf stakes," which we are famous for. Thursday after* 
noon produced a visit from the Duchess of Manchester/ 
;Miss Hervey, and Mr. Phipps. Tlie Duchess, I think, 
looks just as slie has done for ten years — a fine figure, well 
drest, speaks little, but rather easier, and more than she 
used to do. Various conjectures were made about Miss 
Ilervey's looks ; she was pretty, but pale and wan, 'tis 
thought she is married, though it is kept a secret. Has not 

» Goor^o Stone, IVimjito of Ireland, Archbishop of Armagh from 1747 to 
17«Jr». IK' was previniisly liishoji uf Derry. 

- Williiuii liarniird, Hishop of Dcrry from 1747 to 17G8. 

> KolHTt, 3nl Duke of Manchester, married Harriet, daughter and co»heir of 
Kdinun«l Duijch, Esq. 


the Duchess of Queensbeiry's appearing again at Conrt 
surprized you ? I suppose it was to thank the King for 
giving her son leave to raise a regiment in Scotland? I 
have sent your ring by Mrs. Dillon, who sets sail to- 
morrow for England, directed to Mrs. Donnellan, and 
have desired her to give it Mr. Dewes if in town, or send 
it to Mr. Clifton. I hope you will have it salb. I would 
not have such rare favours lost. 

Yesterday we spent a very pleasant day in the country 
with Mr. and Mrs. Lawe at their bleach yard, 9 niik's 
off, near the famous salmon leap of Leixlip.' They have a 
pretty cabin there, and gave us some fine trout caught 
out of their own brook just at their door, that were 
excellent, and many other good things. I wished you 
there, it was so new a scene ; and the men at work lay- 
ing out the cloth, &c., on the grass fiill in our view was 
very pretty; the machine for rinsing the clothes ij^ 
very curious. The happiness and good humour of the 
Master and Mistress, and the industry going forward 
was an agreeable and rational entertainment. Mr. Lawe 
drank your health, and talks every time I see him of your 
civility and your charming children. As we returned 
home we called at Mr, Conolly's house at Leixlip, and 
walked in his gardens ; they are on the top of a hill that 
winds round the river Liffy, laid out into fine large grass 
walks well planted, and set with all sort of forest trees 

1 I^islip Coatle was erected by Adam FitK Hereford, one of the Anglo- 
Noniiaa cuciqiierom. Its antique towers, mantled willi ivy, rise above the 
Biirroiiiuiiii;,' trees aii() rivuT. Immediately adjoining Leixliii is the salmon 
Iv:!)!, wliure tilt Lilley. falling over a ledyc of rocks, forms a beautiful cascade, 
II]' ivhicb llif fisb at wrt:iin seasous are seen to B|>rin(;. The toner of Ltixlip 
is ill tlic county I't Kildart, and situated on the river I.iffcy, about ten milea 
fruw Dublin. Ntar Leiilip U Celbridge, where Vanessa died. 


and flowering shrubs ; openings here and there that ihoir 
the river so far below you that it is almost horrible. A 
winding path and steps by degrees carry you down ta a 
winding terrace by the river side above a mile long; 
every step tliere shows you some new wild beauty of 
wood^ rocks, and cascades. 

Mi'9, Dtlany to Mrs, Dewc9, 

{DdUved to be July UU) 1747. 

How negligent and forgetful was I not to sond Mr. 
Dewes the above note before, and now I suppose he is in 
London. IMy mother is very good in forgiving the Dean 
for keeping Miss Viney's letter so long ; he is thoroiighly 
sensible of all her indulgence to him, and we both b^ 
our most afiectionate duty. 

I suppose there will (till privilege of Parliament comes 
in again) be a general stagnation of correspondency. For 
my own part I write to no body for constant but to you 
and the Duchess of Portland and DonneUan. I had a 
letten last post Irom Cuz Fo., and find Father Foley is 
much better. I am much obliged to my dear little CSoort 
for desiring I should have Finch, but to make him eeuy 
pray let him know I have got two cows still. I thank you, 
my dear, for your good accounts of Pauline^ but I am 
better pleased to hear of her sense and sprightliness than 
of her beiiuty ; though I hope she will not want as much 
of that as is necessary to give a pleasing impression — not 
a rapturous one, for that may prove more to her unluwpi' 
iu*ss than huffpiness. How can that strange Sir H. persist 
in his unreasonable design on tlie fair Catherine ? His 
excuse is dotage ! I hciu* a very good account of Mrs. 


LaTnbei*t, the Duchess of Portlaml has been there and 
much pbased with their behaviour to one another. How- 
goes on Mr. Dewes's daugfder^ with her mairiage ? We 
are very busy in settHiig sill my drawers of sheila, sorting 
and cleaning them. I have a new cabinet with whole 
glass doors and glass on the side and shelves within, of 
whimsical shapes, to hold all my beauties. One large 
drawer underneath for the register drawer, and my httle 
chest of drawers I have placed in my closet within my 
bedchamber, from whence I send you this letter. How 
blest should I he could we have a tete-a-tete in it with 
you ! it is calculated for that purpose, being retired from 
all interruption and eaves-droppers. On Monday next we 
dine at the Primate's and in the afternoon I shall visit 
grandees (so that will be a whole day lost) with Mrs. 
Hamilton, which I cannot help. The Dean goes away 
for a month at least ; he has just bought a pair of mares, 
young and good serviceable animals, but not so handsome 
as Jackson and Nancy. 

I have \vritten to Lady Sarah Cowper, but have not 
heard ; writing is I fear troublesome to her, for which 
reason I will be moderate in my demand on her. She 
used to write to me once a month, but now I would 
compound for once a quarter ; she has starved me into 
that compliance. 

An interval liere occurs in the correspondence, which ia accounted 
fur by the death of Mrs. Granville, whose illness must have been 
very short, if indeed she had any illness, as she died in August, 
and Mrs. Delany sends a message to her mother in the above letter, 
without the slightest allusion to any indisposition. Mrs. Delany and 


s daughter" muBt have been a goddaughter, and waid of 



Mrs. Dcwcs were so devotedly attached to Mrs. GranviUet that the 
letters which passed must have been very pidnful on this oocuion ; 
and it is most probable that finding on rc-pcrusal they only renewed 
their grief, that both sisters destroyed tliem. The oral tniditioo 
which must be authentic (as it came immediately from Mrs. Delany 
herself to the Editor's mother) is that Mrs. Granville died on her 
knees in the act of sayiixg her prayers^ and that she had. uften ex- 
pressed her wish that she might thus die ; the stool at which she 
was kneeling is still preserved, and Mrs. Delany said it was always 
used by her mother for that purpose. It is high, the 1^(8 are 
black like ebony, of a curious ancient form, and it is covered with 
needle-work, the pattern of which is still perceptible. The letters 
of Mrs. Delany which are preser\'ed recommence two months after 
Mrs. Granville's death, and for some time arc more a diazy than a 
correspondence ; but as they contain an exact picture of her daily 
life in Ireland with her associates there, and^ are intermingled with 
records of circumstances, they could not be omitted without destroy- 
ing so many of the links in the chain of her existence as would 
frustrate the object of tliis work, which is to trace her from her 
earliest years to her death under all the varied scenes in which she 
so admirably adapted herself to the duties of the present time, en- 
joying to the uttermost everything in her power that could worthily 
be enjoyed, and contributing to the happiness of all around her. 
The following diary (letters) will therefore follow in their proper 

Mrs, Delany to Mrs. Deurs, 

Dclvillc, 6 Oct., 1747, 

I have had the joy and satisfaction of hearing you had 
passed your ninth day very well, and I am much obliged 
to your kind nurse, Miss Nancy Viney, for the good 
account she sent me.* The morning has been fair, and 

* It apixMFs, from tliis sicknowleJpnent of a Irtter from Miss N. Viner, 
that Mrs. I)t>wes w:im at (ilouoi*8tcr, where she must have remained after her 
mother's funeral for her own confiuement. 

OF MRS. DELANY. ' 476 

but the cuts are not so fine nor so laborious iw those in 
Physique Sacre. 

Do you remember the story of de Gondez ?' 
I have been reading it again lately, and am extremely 
pleased ; what a fine delicate cliaracter is Disenteuils ! 
'tis a story that furnishes a winter's evening conference 
very ^reeably, the many pretty and uncommou charac- 
ters that are in it, and the charming sentiments. The 
Fairy Tales (of which we have borrowed eight volumes) 
have their share of entertaining ns. Don't you think 
we are well occupied ? Tlie mind is sometimes not dis- 
posed to attend to things of consequence, and may be 
amused by trifles. 

Miss Bushe desires particnliir compliments ; Miss M. 
Hamilton desires I will let Master Dewes know she will 
answer bis letter ; she has (she thinks) written a first copy 
of a very good one, but her mama thought fit to burn it, 
and she is a&aid she shall " never write so good a one 

Mrs. Ddany to Mrt, Deioa, at Qloucetler. 

DelYiUe. 13 Oct, 1747. 

I am very sorry good Mr. Dewes should have any- 
thing to disturb and distress him, and in the infirm way 
Mr. Dewes is in, I should fear a fever might be fat^. 
Where is Mrs. JIoli/oc/c' and her daughter ? I am glad the 
httle Bevil is well, and the rest of your fair flock. Mifls 


' LaComte^iac dc Gondez, 1727, by Mai^retde Lussan, Kromftnce writer 
of eniiTiPncp, horn in France 1882, died 1758. 

3 Mary, the only sister of Mr. Dewea, married, John Holyoake, of HofWn 
Biigot, Esq , in the county of Warwick. 


Viney I reckon has been very happy in having her uncle 
with her. The Bishop of Clogher and Mrs. Clayton are 
come to town ; I went to see them yesterday morning; 

Yesterday Dr. Carmichael/ the Bishop of Down" and 
his sister, dined here ; Dr. Car. and his lady are two good- 
humoured prating people, who were in raptures with 
Delville ; they gave me a long account of my sister 
Granville y^ who lives within two miles of them in Bucking- 
hamshire, she is very well, fat, and handsome. Her 
mother and brother Dick Rose are dead, Tom just married, 
and they give him the character of a very honest 
good humoured man, his sister lives with him, and is 
neither " iiiad " nor " married*' though both were reported 
of her. I will send you two pounds of knitting thread the 
first opportunity ; I hope the pictures from Newenham to 
Dublin will come safe. I suppose my brother will mourn 
the old mourning, I sfiall, as I am at such a distance ; I 
have put my own maid and housekeeper into mourning, 
and D.D. has put liis own servant out of livery into mourn- 
ing, though it is not now a general fashion, but as it is a 
mark of respect D.D. thought it right to do so, and we are 
now of a time of life to indulge the dictates of the heart 
more than the reigning fashions. 

I shall pity poor Mrs. Viney extremely when you leave 
Gloucester, and that house desolated that has been so great 

1 Dr. William CarmicliacI, fiecond son of Jameii, 2nd Earl of Hyndfind* 
Dr. Cannichael was ap]ioint«d Archdeacun of Bucks in 1742. He nuurried in 
August 1734, Mrs. Crodschall. 

' Dr. John Ryder, Bishop of Down from 1743 to 1752, when he was pn^ 
motod to tlic Archbishopric of Tuam, and died 1775. 

' The widow of her bn>ther Bcvil, whose marriage has never been alluded to 
in any letter in the Editor*s iK)8sc8sion, and whicli marriage was nndoabtedly 
against the consent of the family ; all that is known is that her name waa Mom. 


a comfort to her, it will be sad ; and I own I feel my 
tenderness towards her greatly increased since the matual 
loss we have had. I wish Sir Anthony may he prevailed 
on to do something for poor Patty} I used to allow her 
one guinea a year I will now allow her two. Mr, Wise,' 
I believe, is in easy circumstances enough. 

Mn. Ddany to Mrs. DtvKt. 

DelviHe, 20 Oct. 1T47. 

I was not at all surprized with the account your last 
letter brought me, for as soon as I heard of your Mr. 
Dewes's being sent for I thought it most likely it 
should end aa it has done. I am truly sorry for any 
affliction that can befall my good brother D. ; though this 
is what he must have been prepared for, and had more 
reason to have expected sooner than not. The uaha,ppT 
unhealthy way Mr. Dewes had been in for years, and the 
little comfort and enjoyment he had of this world, with 
the consideration of the happiness so good a man must 
enjoy in the next, I hope will have their due weight as 
soon as the first melancholy scenes are over.' 

I am glad my brother Granville designs to go to town 
so soon ; Calwich is too solitary in the winter for one of 
liis turn of mind, or indeed for any single body. We 
were horn for some society ; it refines our manners, it keeps 
lip our good humour, and without it we should grow 

' PnibfiMy ail old (Wescoiiib) pensioner of Mrs. GranviUe'a. 

a l' an old servant of Mrs. Granville's. 

= Cniirt, the tldtst lirothcr of Mra. Delany'B brother-in-law, died tt thia 


rusty and intractable. I suppose Sir Ed. Stan.' wan out of 
town at his country-seat when you wrote to him about 
being gossip. If Mr. B. does not make good his promise 
to Miss V. he has done her a great deal of wrong : it 
is cruel to feed up any one with hopes and not gratify 
them, especially one who has a strong relish to worldly 

Tour account of the D. and Dss of D. is very sur- 
prizing ; after so many years of love and friendship, and 
so many children grown up, all affectionate and fond of 
one another, it is a madness not to be accounted for. This 
morning I was delighted with seeing the rising sun as I 
lay in my bed, rising above a tuft of trees that &ce my 
window. Our garden is still in high beauty, our elms 
as green as ever, and the evergreens are in perfection. 
We have a great number of holly trees in our ever- 
green grove, and they are now full of red berries, and 
look very rich — Why are you not here to see them? 

D.D. is going this morning to the Castle to ask the 
L"* Lieut^ to breakfast here ; he said he designed coming, 
and I think it best to settle the day. 

I think black bombazeen will do very well in a sack. 
I have one in a manteau and petticoat which I wear when 
in full dress, at home a dark grey poplin, and abroad, 
undrest, a dark grey unwatered tabby : I shall make no 
more dark things ; after three months black silk is worn 
with love hood, and black glazed gloves, for three months 

I Sir Eklward Stanley, Bftrt^ ftnoestor of Liord Stanley, of Akierley. He mftr- 
ricd Mary, only daughter of Thomas Ward, Esq., and died in 1755. Sir B. 
Stanley has been frequently mentioned as *' Ked Stanletf^ befon he soooMded 
his brother Sir James Stanley in 1746. 

OF MHS. UELAHY. 479*^ 

more ; your moiH-ning must be the same for Mr. Dewes 
of Mapleborough.' 

I am very glad the Duchess of Leeds* is so well and 
lias a SOD. 

Mra. Delany to Mrt. Deiixn, , 

Delvillc, 28 Oct. 174?.' 

I hope Mr. Dewes will find all affairs well and in an 
easy way, and as lie always sliewed his brother great 
friendship and kindness on all occasions that he has 
returned it in the best manner he could. On Tuesday 
the Dean went to the Castle to ask my L'' L' to name a 
day for lireakfasting here. Thursday was named. On 
Wednesday we dined at the Bishop of Down's and met 
Dr. and JTrs, Carmichael ; in the evening I went to my 
kind friend Mrs, Hamilton, who is as much attached to 
you as it is possible for one who does not know you 

I made but a short visit in Anne Street, from thence 
made formal ones, and appointed Bushe to meet me at 
Lady Tullamore's " (who keeps Wednesdays) that I might 
carry her home with me, for I had a mind to give her an 
opportunity of seeing Lord Harrington,* and she has for 
some time given up going to the Castle. Thursday very 

' Tlipsc directions about mourning arc curious, and prove that "yreyjopJtn" 
and "grfy utunafereil frjhh/" wera considered deeper than black silk, 

' Mary, dauglitcr to Francis, EarlofGodol))hin, married in 1740, to Thomas, 
4tli Diikc of Lecda. T/irir only surviving son, Francis Godolpbin, 5th Duke, 
\raii i)ct Ijom till the 29th Jonunry, I75I. 

^ Charles, 2Dd Baron Moore, of Tullamoore, married in 1737, Hester, 
daughter of James Coahill, Ksq. 

* William, Earl of llariington, I^rd -Lien tenant of Ireland, September 13, 


luckily proved a fine day ; I had break£Ei8t prepared in the 
drawing-room ; the L.Lt came, with Sir John Cope ^ and 
the Captain of the Guard in waiting, at half an hour aftw 
eleven ; the Dean met him at the street-dooi and I at the 
bottom of the stairs ; when he came in the drawing-room 
and saw Miss Bushe, he asked me if he had ever seen 
that lady ? I told him her name, and that her ill health 
would not allow her to pay her respects to him at ihe 
Castle, upon which he very politely saluted her; he 
seemed much pleased with the place. The Dean was in 
good spirits, and exerted himself to entertain him, so 
that it made the time pass easy and agreeably. He wa&ed 
into all my rooms on that floor, commended everythii^, 
and said he must see the garden. About one we walked 
into the garden but Sir J. Cope whispered me and b^ged 
I would not let him walk much, for he had not ventured to 
walk at all since his coming to Ireland ; he walked as^hr 
as to see the compass of the garden, and then we insisted 
upon his returning, which he did ; when he came back 
we conducted him to the Minerva, and he seemed veij 
glad of a seat. He was much amused with the medley of 
gimcracks tliat it contains, and at half an hour after two 
left us. 

In the afternoon I carried Miss Bushe home, and 
brought back Mrs. Forde and her daughter. We have 
been under some concern for poor Bupy Barber, who has 
had a most desperate sore throat, but is recovered. He 
was two days so bad he could neither swallow, nor speak 
to be imderstood ; but Jig-icater has cured him. Yestei^ 

^ Sir John Co{x>, Rirt., M.P. for llouts in four successive parliamentip ia 
the reikis of Qiuh>u Anne, and in tliat of Georgu II. He died at Bnonphill, 
IlantH, in Diiicniber, 1749. 


day we dined in town with Mr. and Mrs, Preston, great 
friends of Buehe's. She met us there, and in the afternoon 
we all made a visit to Mrs. O'Hara, a clever, sprightly, 
little, old lady, sister to Lord Tirawley, who has his wit 
with the addition ol' a very good heurt. She visited me 
this summer, I was not acquainted with her before. 
Lady Qrandison and her son are well ; she has now 
lain in a fortnight and the family are in great joy. She 
has had foor childi-en, and 7ione alive 1/ut this boy. 

This eveninjj I go to town to make my compliments 
to my Lord Lieutenant for the honour he did us 
There hath not been a drawing-room since he was here, 
for last Friday (the usual Castle-day), was a festival tliat 
nothing could put by, and that always occasions a pro- 
digious rout and confusion at the Casile — the anniversary 
of the Irish rebellion. Tliere is open house kept that 
day, and a vast dossert, and after the dinner is over 
the common people are let in to carry of all. that rt'iiiahis 
both of dinner and dessert; you may iui^ine what a 
notable scrambleraent it occasions. 

Mrs. lidany to Mrs. DeiMt, 

DelviUe, 22 Dec., X747. 

We have a melancholy scene now before ns, that has 
affected the Dean and me very sensibly, and I fear will 
you. Poor old Mrs. Barber has struggled for six weeks 
past with a disorder tliat I doubt must prove fatal to 
her ; her children, as they have great reason^ are in 
the utmost distress. Poor Myra (who is in a deplorable 
way) and the youngest son Lucius Barber, were entirely 

VOL. II. 2 I 


maintained by her and Betty Woddal^ who h$B the.c^re 
of Myra. I am sorry to send you so affecting 3,11 aocpiwt 
of an old friend, that has given us both a great . deal ot 
pleasure, and who had truly many amiable qv^liti^, 
but it is certain she will have a happy release from ap^infiil 
life, which for some years past she could have no gr^t 
enjojTnent of. . . . , 

In return for your account of Mr. Creswell I can send 
you two stories that will match it pretty weU. . Qneifi 
of a young lady, youngest dai^hter to a Captaiji John- 
ston here, a very pretty girl just sixteen, who ran. awaj 
on Friday night with Sir Kobert King, a vile young; T3lkfi 
of a considerable fortime in this country. They wi^t, piT 
on Friday night ; the father pursued and overtoqk them 
on Saturday morning, held a pistol at tlie knight's hef^» 
swore he would shoot him through the head if he did npt 
instantly marry his daughter, which rather than die he 
consented to do. A parson was ready and called in, but 
Sir E. K's servants rushed in at the same time, gave 
him a pistol, and an opportimity of escaping, which he 
did, and left the forlorn damsel to return \nth her father. 
They all appeared at church in Dublin on Sunday mprning. 
and the girl appears at all public places as unconjcemed 
and brazen as if she liad acted the most prudent part m 
the world. 

The other story is indeed much more . npioripu^ and 
shocking. You don't know any of the people, so I qludl 
not name names, but a gentleman's daughter who )m8 
for several years borne an extremely good characteri ahQ]qt 
twenty-six years of age, has managed her fatlier's hqqsie 
with great prudence, and always shewn a great tenderne89 
for him on all occasions, lias gone off with tlie schoQl- 

-'■^'DF MRS. BELANY. ' 4^3 

master of tlie parish, a clergyman who has been marriecl 
several years, and his wife a very good kind of woman ! 
He now fiai/s he never was married to her, and accuses IwJr 
with carrying on an intrigue with the lady's father arid 
brother that lias run away with him ! These are gtSi. 
strokes in a family! how ranch hsa is fhe r/mM ' of'"* 
dear friend to be lamented than such wicked conduct !* '' 

Yesterday morning I expected Lady Kildare and Mrs. 
VeSey to breakfast with me, bat Lord Kildare would not 
let her venture so far. We dined at Mrs. Forde's, who 
is now happy, having in her house eleven children ahd 
grandehUdreu ; I called on mi/ Mrs. Hamilton, and found 
her and the rest of our set together, and all well. Boshe 
comes to me to-morrow to spend her Xtmaa. I am very 
Rotry to find by the papers, that oar cbnsih' Fciley' liiS^'kit 
tiis place in Parliament. ' 'J-"'" '"' ■ ■.••i ■l^^■-'»'i 

■ M , ' :' -.-■'' :-i.l '-lUHit vlJni:u,]i 

''■',-■■' ■ i^-jiuuiMiyj 

■•". ■ ■■■ ■ J/,a. ar«wttoj«r*. iWwjv .,-,- ">1 ft -;-^ 

Welabodme,! Wednesday, 10th 'Fd>,,,1741-Si' 

I have been really fretting all this week tliat ay 
dearest sister should be uneasy by not receiving the 
packets she expected. I am sure were the art of writing 
unknown my loss would be infinitely greater than yonrs-^ 
I mean in regard to our mutual letters. How happy am 
T to have my thoughts corresjjond 30 exactly to yours as 
they have done of late, though it is natural thattheAwtte 
caiise should raise correspondent ideas, arid otir hearts 
have been veiy eqxially affected by the late sad occnrrenc^'; 
but indeed I agree that it would b^ as cruel as it is'vain 
to wish our dear friend here again, though m .^onc hnw'i nj 
tri'/ihi-:-^" T iiiri) J ilo. \ hope yoT never will snppreKB 

2 I 2 


any thought when you are talking to m^ fiirtbitamxe- 
scrved freedom between us has constituted tha gffcatBit 
part of our happiness, and more happiness maiiy tiro 
friends never felt than we have done, and I am peiiBiiadeA 
shall continue to enjoy till the great and sad sepantipft-^' 
far he, that fatal hour I I must again repeat my dsnie 
that you will never suppress one of your thoughts nor 
actions, especially those ymi moft d4ilight m;' yMxHst I 
love to hear, as they are not only a joy but an etam^ll^to 
me ; for though Solomon says it in a different Miue^^'^M 
iron sharpeneth iron/' &c., yet it will hold in this^'tlH^b^ba 
good actions of those we love excite in ns the cfestre lof 
doing like them. To show this, though in a smaU. instuioe^ 
the morning I received your last letter (whioh w 
AFonday) Mr. Dewes was going to Mapleboirou^, bat 
desired the pleasure of reading your letter before hB let 
out, and he enjoyed it for almost an hour* He then bwS^ 
" There neirr was in the world a person so aoeUmt m 
Jfrs. Dclany in every respect of mind and person ; and tie 
Dean too y how good! that poor gardener! to make hia het 
in/)inents so comfortable to him :'' and then he'sud to ub, 
'' You won't foi^et to let clothes be made for tht.*pomr 
child at Ninireh you said was in so Md a condition." IStom 
was not that design quickened by the condderatioa of 
your ways ? therefore soniple net to repeat them ooor 
tinually . Mr. Dewes has a truly charitable and good 
heart, and you will esteem him greatly for his late oondnct 
in regard to his brother's will, or rather his designs ; for 
the will was so plain that Mr. Rtzakerly, our present 
greatest lawyer, said that only teas to be followed i bat 
though Mr. Dewes af^hed council^ he followed the law 6f 
kindness only^ both to the memory of his brother and in 

J' (■: GB MBS. DELANY. , 4B6. 

regard to the personsj that may have lost some advan- 
tages by his death. 

Mr. Dewea, I am sure, as well as myself, shall always 
think ourselves obli^fcd by the kind notice and advico 
you give inregai-d to our children, but I /ear he will not 
consent to a public school, he is so fearfiU of the bad 
ways and vices tliey have there to encounter: and 
besides, is really afraid of the liardships avid severity 
they are to undergoe much more than I am, for I own I 
am ambitious to have them excel and make a tiguie. His 
chief objection to Abingdon school is that he liaa heard 
Jlr. Woods is passionate, but Mr. Head, who was his 
scholar, spoke very much in his favour, so I hope to pre- 
vail to have one there. Does not the Dean think it 
will be better to liave them at different schools ? I hav« 
a notion that going together, as they are so mucli of the 
same age, whichevei- excels may raise an emulation, and 
prevent the love I wisli to subsist between them; now 
when they meet as strangers at breaking-up times at 
home they will naturally be fond of each other. But 
this is a point I can't well determine upon, the Dean cau 
better advise us ; Bunny is fully as quick in learning as 
Court, but does not love it, and is very heedless, and he has a 
naturall artfulness that is generally comnmided in chil- 
dren, but I take great pains to break Mm of it. Pauline 
ia not yet so genteel as Jackey because she is very iat, 
but she bridles ' very well. Court is greatly farmed at 

' Qy* " Bridlei." This espreasittn alludes to that Bort of carriage whicb is 
now (unfortunatoly) almost unknown. It may therefore be necessary to cxpliiin 
that 0110 of tho first lessons iu deiiortmcnt at the period this letter WHWritt^. 
was tu huld up the hcail on entering a room, and to keep the cliin in, 
expressed l>y "bridling," and then having curUejcd at the door, to advance 
ilcliberatirly townrds the person who hti the firat cUm to greeting, to tint bhv 

48G iJfe and correspondence 

your intelligence about Miss Hamilton, and asked many 
questions who and what was " the Primate," find says " a 
bishop should not be so wicked," 

I am sure your '' AufjeV'^ is heavenly, as all. your 
works are. £ am i^lad the things are arrived safe : JOQ 
put too great a value ujx^n the trifles I liavc in my 
pow or to return for the greatest obligations. I am giqd 
you like the engraving ; it was done by Ingley the jewelleff# 
whom you must remember at Gloucester ; he is veiy inger 
uious but horridly idle, and drinks. Indeed the vaiietj 
of things tliat lias lately passed through my heail and lieart 
liad miule me oiitirely forget tliat youhad ever mentioaed 
the lining of tlie bed, which appem^s ungrateful, though you 
are t<x> just to give it tliat turn ; I have no pattern oi 
the linin^^ and am really almost angry tliat you are so 
good and kind, but 1 shall not think to make it up till yon 
come to give your directions, though I had ratlier it were 
ready to receive you, when you next make us happy ;. I 
wish you would send me a little bit of the size and sor^ 
of I'ringc you tliiiik will do, for perhaps I may have some 
by me ; I believe it must 1)e plain, for all ot^iers ai^.so 
tedious ; I am sure the short apron" will be clianniug..: 

A g;ip here occurs in the Correspondence. The next letter is fim 
J judy Dysart on tlic occasiou of her sister's marriage ta the Maxquis 
ul' Twc'cJalc — lour niontlis alter ilic date of this letter. * 

.liiiliiaiiy, aiitl m hm- sl.iwly jiii.l ;i;raccriilly. Clirls wei-c always inailc tocurt- 
: y ill \\\i' fir>t fORifiini^ Uc-ausi! if there was any uiistoadincss iu tho knees and 
aueUs, ii Nvuuld be immediately detected, — tho haada were folded and kegd to 
liVni'ifv's^ aud ht'ttiuy, bMimj^ aud hiding about with outstretched palmi 
was lui known. 

* A copy after Carlo Dulci. 

- Till* short apron ht-re alluditl to it) probably one still in existence, with 
p\irplc vir>k>ts and kavcs de;sii:n(Hl from nature, and embroidered in ooloimd 
silks on a fawnHJ«'lonre«l lutosirinst. 

OF USA. DKbAHY. m ^ 487 

Lad^ J>ytart loMra. Ddang. 

New Borlington Stroct, Juno 26tli, 114S. 

I was long in expectation of a letter from dear Mrs.. 
Delaiij, which I now acknowledgo. I am much pleayed 
with Mr. Barber's works, particuljirly tlie head of Cahsta, 
which he told me was for you, and I think. preferal)Ic to 
any of Zincke's pictures ; I will recommend him as nmt;li 
as lies in ray power ; ab present the town is «o empty tliat 
I can do iiim but little service. Ijady Geo. Spencer has 
long- promised me her picture, and I will have it by MK 
Barber, but she says I must stay till nest winter. I thaitfc 
you tor subscribing in my name for the Irish (ifdyibftJ}', 
the half guinea shall be payable upon aiglit. I think my 
sister Fanny' to all appearance happily established ; the 
Marquis is a sensible reasonable man, and {[uite her lover. 
He has .£4000 a-year in Scotland and two Iiousea — 
one of tlii'm, I am told, is ii very fine place ; my sister 
has £1200 a-year jointure rent-chaj^e. He has given 
her a very fine pair of brilliant earrings, one drop, a girdle 
buckle, and five stars for her stays ; her clothes (she was 
married in) were white satin fiounced, with a magnificent 
silver trimming all over the gown and petticoat ; she had 
besides a white and gold irith ooloura, a pink and silver 
sac, a brocaded lutestring gown and petticoat, a white 
satih ^ultane with embroidered robings of natural flowers, 
and a pink and white sprigged aultane. I have now told 

' I_nily I'raiicos Carteret, daughter of John Earl Granville, juarric J, April 
174.S, John, Itli MftriHiisofTweedale. Horace Wal pole mentions having met at 
Uu3<itlJ, wlicii (m a visit to liis friend Mr. Nugent, in. 1T48, " the Marijuia of 
Twocdalc and Ids uoiv Marchioness, who is inlinitely good-hum ourod and good 
company, and a thousand French songs mighty prettily." 


you all /ier clotlies ; her lace was fine and well chosen, her 
best head was point. The Marquis has the house ia 
Grosvenor Street where Sir Eobert Kide lived : they don't 
go to Scotland this year. 

I have not painted anything since the St. Catharine 
you saw, I was too ill last summer to undertake a pic* 
ture. I went to Tunbridge, which did me service, but I 
have never recovered my strengtli since that illness which 
was very near putting an end to me. Mr. Philips is in 
town, and I have been to see him, he has a paralytic 
disorder, and is much broke. I don't think he will ever 
be able to return to Ireland and claim liis picture : but re- 
member you are one in my deht^ and I should choose to 
have it your own. I beg my compUments to the Dean, 
whom 1 hope to see a ]3ishop, for he would do honour to 
their bench ; but I am of opinion, tliat-^- 

*l yen ill 9 in the iXfvercnd gnwn, 
^ViU }nl2' to kwp itso^\•nc^ ilown, 

I liupe it will not be always his case. My time has been 
divided between Ham and this place since tlie beginning 
of May. We gave a great entertainment at Ham, and 
Lady Georgina^ gave one at Wimbleton, to the MarQuis 
and his lady, and the company that were at the wed4ili|gir 
sixteen in number. I hope to hear from you — I tcQ^t, fjfjfjn 
when you have nothing better to do, for you have ao AMnj 
ingenious ways of employing your time I ^hoiddf hate no 
chance. I have left Whitehall against my inclination^ Mr. 
Treby would not let or sell it. I live in the house in New 
Burlington Street tliat Governor Worsley built,^ wjiere 

1 Lady GooigiaDa Speucor, (afUfrwards Lady Cow'iicr,) lister of Lady DymH 
and Luily Twccdale. 

3 Ucnr}', second son of Sir Robert W*on<lcy, uid great nnclc of Lidy I>yml^ 
wjia (jovemor of Rarbndoess in 172 L lie died nnm&rricd, March 16, 1747. 

'■-' 07MRS. DELANT. *'* ^ 

Sir Robert Worsley lived ; it is a more convenient houBe 
than that I left, though not eo pleasantly sitaated. I 
fear I have tired you. Believe me most sincerely, dear 

'' ' * Your affectiunate and faithful 
' ' '*''* Hamlile servant, 


A mouth dapses after tliis letter befuie tlie CatroEponduouc uf 
Mis. Dclony rccommcucca at Clc^hcr, and it appeals tliat tha 
Dean and herself hod been inakittg a tuur of Iri^ visits. 

- ' " Mrs. Ihlany U, Mn. Jteutn. 

Clogher, 2.1 Auguat, 1745. 

According to our design we set out from Clonfede {Q"} 
Dr.Clarkc's on Mondaythe Istof Angiistat eighto'clock; 
passed through very jumbling roads, narrow audmnding 
but not dangerous ; the country- as we went along plea- 
sant, but not so finely improved as what I have sent you 
an account of in my last giant letter. From Dr. Clarke's 
to Callidon, where Lord Orrery lives, is ten miles, we sent 
our compliments, but did not call on him, designing to 
have waited on liim and his lady in our return ; from 
thence to this place is fourteen miles. We got here by 
dinner-time, found the liishop and his Bishopess very well, 
in good spirits, and glad uf our compan}'. I am very 
happy to find my brotlier had been with you ; it is what 
I was pretty sure he would do, — he never fails in essential 
points of kindness. I must tell you I was so Billy,' npoii 
not hearing a great while from him or hearing whgre he 
positively was, as to take it into my head he'woald sw" 




prise me at Clogher ; I conld not help indnlgiBg so far m 
liope about it, as to feel a disappointmeni ai not finding 
him : I confess tins was veryfoolisk, but ^lat fmnatur&L 

This house is large, and makes a good dmjojgk «fi^i]|«; 
but great loss of room by ill-contrivauce within, doora^ It 
is situated on the side of so steep a hill that' part. i^tiie 
front next the street is under ground, and from that to 
the garden you descend fifly stone steps whiobt Ja ii^ 
tolerable, and in hot weather such as we have* liaiv a 
iatigne not to be endured. The garden is pr8tt]!t;«a^flne 
large sloping gi*een walk from tlio steps to a lax^ iMmm 
of water, on which sail most graceiiilly four beaattiAd 
swans. Beyond the bason of water rises a very>>8tB^ 
green hill covered with fir ; in the side of it ^Int. ODayfaai 
is going to make a grotto, tlie rest of tlie gaitlen is ir- 
regularly planted ; the Bishop is very busy^ and I beEevB 
will make it veiy pretty. The company in the houae with 
them, besides ourselves, are — Miss Brown, Mr. Bucgh,' a 
clergyman, a very agreeable gentleman-like man^^Mn 
Brown, a nephew of the Bishop's, and a Mr. and Mih. 
Sandy, who always live here and take care of all their 
aflairs in their absence. Wo came on Monday^ * -dinsdl^ 
walked aboiit, and chattered ; on Tuesday, Mr. and JAxm. 
More and their two daughters dined here—* they Uve about 
seven miles off: he is a great planter and improverivhaa a 
large estate, his house is bad, but the country about it 
and situation very fine. Oh Wednesday, in the aftemooa 
we went to Longford's Glinn, wliich is about two nnka 
from hence. We went in the coach to the opening of the 
glen ; it is a charming awful scene, but as you have the 
poem that describes it very exactly I shall. not attempt a 
description of it : £ have taken a sketch or two, but I am 

afraid I , shall not .be , able to ct(> Justioe i to :^the • owginri. ■ i^ 
IpokscL fas moB sea and ihe^l^Bf bai foandiiio, Bon sottf, p^ 
of the verdure iav«7&M^ J ^tkcxed four a&ttaolfrx^nr- 
raspbeiriiaa, craiiber^es, Btravberriea^juidr.iiirii^.Qf^wlncb 
tiifre ai'e great plenty, the raspborries wero particularly 
higk-tlavoured. I was resolved ty scud you .■^iiut/iing 
that grew in the glen, and have enclosed a piccoof moss. 
The glem -put me in mind of piwt of Matlock, but 
more. retired, and the water tliat runs through is a little 
bubbling brook instead of a river -. the one looks as if fre- 
(jucuted by hura;ui creatures, the other by nymphs and 
fawns, 1 returned home eo thoroughly l';iiigued by 
scrambling amongst the rocks and biiws, and by my great 
attention bo every different view, that I could hardly hold 
out to supper. I waked oil Thursday well refreshed, and 
in the evening it was proposed to eat a syllabub about ja 
mile off. For the frolic's sake, it being no coacli Toodi 
wo agceetl to go, three ladies, on what is called here a 
truclde car (what they makes use of for caiTyiug goods), 
drawn by one horse and the wheels not three foot k^k\; 
aud one was prepared for that purpose^: well-eoveced 
with sti-aw, upon which with some difBculty we setl^d 
ourselves. As we wero going throagh the toum (wlm^ 
mire nous is not quite so considerable as Wdabown^ 
1 found my legs, which hung over the side of^ the 'OaiB^ 
sliding nearer and nearer to the groundr and down'-I 
jumped : Mi-s. Clayton did the same, and behold-ouraixi»- 
tree was broken ! The Dean and Miss Bipwn were in a 
chaise before us, and the Bishop oh horseback. You may 
imagine this little adventure made some sport for us. 
No harm could happen to us, and we sneaked home on 
foot, not a Httle ashamed to be so exposed in tlie nuilMf^ 



tJie city of Cloffher ! The rest of the day put in langUBg 
at one another, drinking tea, and walking in'tiie^gBsden. 
Upon inquiry we found it would not be greatly out of on 
way to return back by my Lord Orrery's, so we chofO to 
make liim a visit and return back to this place, iHliidi we 
did. We went on Friday, and got there by one* Lofd 
Orrery is more cup^eeable than he used to be ; he has Jaid 
aside the ceremonious stiffness that was a great ^dinchran- 
tage to him. He is very well-bred and entertaining; 'his 
lady, (whose fortune was near 3000 pounds a year)^ is TWy 
plain in her person and manner, but to make amends £(M 
that she is very sensible, unaffected, good-hnmouvd; and 
obliging. I spent the day very pleasantly : it is a fine ^aoe 
by nature, and they are both fend of the country * JiAi 
delights VOL farming y and he in biiilditiff and ffardminff,nsiA 
he has very good taste. ' They have a lodge about a mile 
from their house, where they spend most of their time ; H 
has all the advantages of water, wood, and diversified 
grounds : and there the new house is to be built. Nothing 
is completed yet but an hermitage, wliich is about an acre 
of ground — an island, planted with all the variety of trees, 
shrubs, and flowers that will grow in this country, abun- 
dance of little winding walks, differently embellished with 
little seats and banks ; in the midst is placed an hermit's 
cell, made of the roots of trees, the floor is . paved with 
pebbles, there is a couch made of umtting, and Uttle 
wooden stools, a table with a manuscript on it, a pair of 
spectacles, a leathern bottle ; and hung up in different 
parts, an hourglass, a weatherglass and several mathe* 
matical instruments, a shelf of books, another of wooden 
platters and bowls, another of earthen ones, in short 
evcrj'thing that you might imagine necessary for - a re- 

OF MRS. DELANY. .] 4fl$ 

eluBe. J^mu' little ganlervi sun-mind hln hou^, — an orohftrd, 
a. flower-garden, a physick-garden, and a kitchen- 
garden, witli a kitchen to boil a teakettle or so : I never 
saw 80 pretty a whim so Uioroti^hly wdl executed. "We re- 
turned on Saturday, met the Bishop's family at Mr. Morc's, 
hiilfway between this and Callidon. Yesterday went fo 
cliujch twice— the Dean preached ; waJked in the evening 
round Castle Hill, " for royal ErgaV a palaae famed of oid i" 
it is very high, and a fine meadow around the sides of it, 
where we sat au hour on the haycocks, relreshed by the 
frugrancy of the hay and the sweetness of the air, till 
the setting sun warned na to bond our footsteps home. 
This is Mrs. Clayton's birthday, and we are to have 
a ball and monstrous fine doings ; but I must prepare 
to do all the honour I cs:a to the day, and am called 
away to dress. To-morrow we go to Dr. Madden's, four- 
teen miles oft', in our way to Mr. Preston's, wliere we hope 
to be on Thursday next, and in ten day** alter that at 
home ; adieu. ml ; ■ 'j 

Mr: Iklany to Mn. JMks: '••' ' ' i ■ ■mieIi' 
S4nUnt(M,i' 18 AvgiMt, 174B^') 
I receired my dearest sister's letter aated tlie 26 JWlj 
the day before I left Clogher, whidb gave me a*i 'accouiit 
of your not having been well ; but bopeydti^ neitt'l^it!^ 
will give mo the satisfaction of knowing you "are quite 
well. If upon bleeding you found your blood was thick, 
I wish you would take hartshorn for some time every 
day, and take care of yourself,— your fkhaily as well as 

' The rewdencc ofMr. Pretton. i. 


• I 4 •« • • 


myself claim that from you as you value their HiippiiiaM. 
As soon as I return to Delville I irill send jcMi' Hie 
song on the Gardens. Fray, did I not leave'witli fod 
the 8th vol. of Swift ? I know I intended it. I VtiA 
the Wises were very silly to let a showe^ of nih'pre* 
vent their coming to Welsboum. I want on ttoeMmt 
from you of Miss Graves; the last time I saw Imr I 
thought her extremely altered. What mamiiBcriptii'^ 
I promise ? I have led such a fluttering Kfe' 'of lite 
— no wonder they should be jumbled out <#^wy 

My last letter ended with an account of great 
rations for the celebration of Madam Clayton'tf-loMii^ 
day : there were eight couple of very clever danMA^ 
and Madame and I divided a man between us and ttftde 
up the ninth couple by twms; at eleven we weiiC'^W 
supper — a sumptuous cold collation. At twelve ibft'fiAUA 
struck up again, and every lad took his lass to " tr^^^m 
the h'g fit fantastic toe,'' D.D. and I took that opportdli^^ 
of walking ofl" to our own apartments, as we iateiidbd %b 
set out early the next morning, and soberly took our rest 
whilst the jovial company danced briskly away till '^pait 
two o'clock ; the Bishop alw^ays goes to bed at ten, biit 
that night he sat up till eleven. The next mormng ive 
left Clogher at eight, where we had spent eight-days very 
agreeably, and went to Dr. Mudden's/ (fourteen mjles ftom 
Clogher). He hs a very remarkahle nvan^ and to give you 

I Dr. Sainuci Gladden, bom in 1087 : be was an Irisli clergyman and a Dean, 
and bi'ld tbc living'of DrummuUy. He founded a society at Dublin in 1740 
for the improvement of the arts, similar to that which was afterwards esta- 
blishwl in I^ondon. In 1744 he piiblishM " Boulter's Monument," a ixjem ; ami 
a ]i]ay entitleil "TliemiKtocloH," and die«l 1705. 

OF MR6. DELANY. 496 

a just portrait of liini would take up more time than is 
Allowed me at present. He has a very prating wile, who 
would pass for the grey mare, and makes a boaA of that 
which a wise and reasonable woman would not. Tliey 
have six daughters and five sons, all grown up men and 
women ; fortunately for my head the major part were gone 
"to a ball, for tliey are themselves a concert of trumpets, 
JiVench-homs and bagpipes. Tlie place ja pretty ; a very 
fine wood of all sort of forest trees, planted by Doctor 
Madden just by the house, surrounded by a fine river. He 
has been a great planter and benefactor to his country on 
many accounts, and a great eucourager of the premiums 
wid charter-schools ; we lay there one night. The country 
from Clogher to that place very pleasant ; from thence to 
Virginia a very dreary country, but to make amends tlie 
finest roada I ever travelled. The next morning, from 
Virginia we went to Kells ; dreary enough still, where 
we dined. Hut wo passed by a fine lake with several 
beautiful islands, twenty-five mUes from Clogher. There 
my good Letitia met me in Mr. Preston's coach, she looks 
well and sends you many kind wislies : we dined together 
at Kells, and came to this place, by 7 in the afteraooB. . 
This place is the quhilessmce of cleanliness ai>d neatness.; but 
I cannot tell you more particulars at present but that I an 
well pleased to be here, and to be so near deaiiDelTillcv 
where, please God, we shall go on Friday nest. , ,:, .,:,-.- ,, 

96 1 



Mm, Delnny to Mi-i, Bewn. 

DelvlUe, 20Ui Aiiguft, 1748. 

My dearest sister will not be displeased to receive a 
letter from my own peaceful bowers. 

I thank God you are so well again, and hope you will 
have no return. You know so well my heart, that to 
say I am cheerful when I am not so would not pass with 
you. / own I have felt on the return of this month * off 
that you express, and at the same time conclude as you 
do, after many tender and grateful reflections, that we 
ought to rejoice at our dear and valuable parent's present 
happiness ; which by continually reflecting on most 
entirely by degrees get the better of that self-love which 
makes us lament our own loss in her. I thank God I 
find tliat happy effect in part, and believe your strength 
of mind, and true resignation to the divine ^vill, will per- 
fect it in you in a much higher degree. All yonr 
news was welcome, and if it were not all quite new yoor 
manner of telling it makes at least a.9 entertaining and 
something more intelligible than the magazine. I desire 
3'ou will not imagine I have any intelligence but from 
yourself; if you do I shall be kept in ignorance of many 
things I like to know. How shocking was Dr. Broz* 
holm's ^ end ! and how much I pity his poor wife ! 

I will send 3'ou the account of the caterpillar as soon 
as I am settled enough to get it transcribed. I 

* Mrs. (iranville, licr mothers death. 

' Horace Waliwlc says : — " You have seen in tlie papers Uiat Dr. BroxholiiM 
iH dead. IIi' cut his throat. Uc always was iiorvous and vaponrcd ; and ao 
r;ood-nature<l, tliat he left olT his practice fnan not being able to bear to miiny 
melancholy objects." 


much obliged to you for Mr. Merrick's ' verses, wliicli arc 
very good in tnore senses than one. I shall be glad to 
see bis works when they are published ; if they are to be 
by subscription, pray subscribe for me. I am afraid I 
shall not be able to do any knotting for you, for very un- 
thinkingly I sent you all tlie knotting thread, and shall 
not be able till next year to get the right sort. What 

is going to Bulstrode for now ? I wish it may not 

embarrass our iriend the Duchess, for as her M. is now 
with bar, it will not be in her power to take eo much 

notice of as slie would otherwise do, and that may 

mortify her extremely. I am alraid the last letter I an- 
swered of her'e was not to hermiud, but I must be sincere, 
especially with those I love, and she has such high notions 
for her daught^?r as I am sure will not answer. She asked 
my opinion about making interest /o/" aj?(ace at Court, and 
I hinted rather at her putting her out to some good service, 
though I don't think the girl has had an education for 
that, but it is very hard to advise where our judgments 
are so diiferent. I am very glad you have got Mrs. !Nor- 
cliff home again, — she is a valuable neighbour. 

I wrote you word of our progress as far as Mr. Preston's 
of Swaiustown, seventeen miles from hence. Mr. Preston's 
hrst wife was sister to my Mrs. Hamilton ; she left him 
three sons, now grown up pretty sensible young men, the 
eldest and yotingest in the army, the second a clergyman 
just in orders — they were all at home. Mr. Preston is an 

' James Merrick, M.A., an Englisli divine and poet, born 1720, ilied 1769. 
lie ]iiiMish«l iKwms on sacred subjects : viz., the ISeneiiicite [laraphrasi'd, the 
Lord's rrnycr pirapli rased, Nunc Dimittis iiamph rased, Balaam's Blew! Dg on 
Israel, ft Hj-mn, the Trials of Virtue, the Ignorance of Man, Verses written 
originally in Persia— Osfurd, 1763, 4to. : and many other wurfes.— Ha((»'* 
jalAhOuca Britt. 

VOL. II. 2 K - 

4dt 1 




old prim beau, as affected as a fine lady ; but a rerj honest 
man, obstinate in his opinions, but the pink of civility in 
his own house, which is as neat as a cabinet, and kept with 
an exactness which is really rather troublesome. The 
present Mrs. Preston, who has been married to him abont 
seven years, was daughter of the Bishop of MeaAh (Lam« 
bard), is a most sensible, agreeable, conversable woman, 
plain in her person, but in her manners genteel and 
friendly, an excellent good woman, and a great finend of 
Bushe's, whom I found there, and left in very good healtli. 
They are in a very pleasant neighbourhoood, and " live 
very elegantly" {as SaUy says). Lord Momington*! 
(Dangen) is six miles from them, where I was to have 
gone last Wednesday, but a little disorder, occasioned faj 
eating too many cherries, obliged me to come home. 

Swainstown is in the county of Meath, — a flat ooantrjTi 
and all com, which though of benefit to those who have 
estates there, does not afford the traveller such pluami 
scenes as lands better wooded and varied by hills and 
dales. The river Boyne runs through part of it, and 
wherever it flows beauty attends its banks, which are 
indeed very fine. Mr. Ludlow has a seat near it» and 
three miles from Mr. Preston's, called ArdsaUa. Xhe 
house a good one, with some good pictures, the gaidms 
flue, and laid out a great deal in the old taste, with Kigli 
cut hedges and straight walks, but the part next the river 
is in a wilder way, planted with scattering trees, and pratfy 
seats to take different views of the winding of the river. 
I was extremely delighted with one part of the gM^ij^m^ 
which was designed by D.D., a place that was formerly 
a stone quarry, dug down so low that the rocks as you 
walk at the bottom arc a considerable way above yoor 


head, and are so well crowned with trees of all kinds that 
they hover over you as you walk, and shade you entirt'ly 
from the sun. Little plantations of trees and fiowering- 
shrubs in different forms adorn the walk as you pasa 
winding along ; nothing can be wilder or more romantic. 
I am afraid I do not give you a right idea of it. But 
when I came home, notwithstanding all the variety of fine 
and pretty tilings I had seen, I tliought Delville looked 
enchantingly pretty ! I found my house as clean as if the 
fairies had swept it, and all my domestics and neigh- 
bours rejoiced at our return ; the sight of poor little 
Tommy Greene was a renewal of the concern we had felt 
for the loss of his valuable mother,' and the little 
creature was so transported at my coming home, that it 
was moving to see the silent pleasure he had, for he 
could not speak, but hugged and stroked my arms, 
and would not stir oue minute from me, as if directed to 
beseech my protection and make up iii some jueasare his 
loss. His father (a most disconsolate man) is gone the 
circuit, and returns this week. 

I found all the Barbers well ; and Quadruple Alliance — 
(Mrs. r. Hamilton, Miss Forth, and Miss Anne Hamil- 
ton,) dined and spent the day with me on Thursday, and 
we drank tea in the new part of the study. Yesterday 
morning they breakfasted with me, with the agreeable 
addition of my Mrs. Hamilton, and staid till near three. 
My orange-trees come on finely ; there is but one that has 
failed, and four of them bore prodigiously. All my plants 
and flowers have done very well, that is, aJl that came up 

' Tliia is tbc first allusion lo Mrs. Greenu'a drath, which must have taken 
place during llie periodB when Ilia link! in the c.:rwspondence Bte incomplete. 

2k 2 


before I went into the country, except the tdberoMS, and 
they promise but indifferently. On Monday the Deui 
begins about his chapel ; he makes an addition for the 
communion-table to stand in clear of the aide, over which 
is to be a round gothic window. When that is oompletedy 
he has promised to build me a kitchen out of doors, and 
that which is now my kitchen to be turned into a room 
for my maids, that they may have no oaU vpstairb hut 
when they are about their business there. My flower- 
garden, which is now just under my eye, is a wildemeas 
of flowers, the beds are overpowered with them, and 
though the enamelled look they have is rich and pretfy, I 
believe it will be advisable to have the different aorta of 
flowers appear rather more distinct. And now I must 
take leave of you, having many domestic affairs to enqnire 
into, and some more letters to write. The Dean is 
mightily pleased with Mrs. B/s letter, and has 
compassion for her, but fears her constitution has so 
a share in her disquiet, as will baffle all endeavours to 
satisfy her scruples. 

The Correspondence does not appear to have been preserved fir 
nearly two months after the date of this letter. 

Mrs. Delany to Mrs, Dtwes, 

Delville, 15 October, 1748. 

Last Monday we set out for Dangan, Lord Mornings 
ton's, and were excessively pinched with the cold, for a 
colder day I never felt ; but we were soon warmed by a 
kind welcome and good dinner. Lord Momington is now 
the same good-humoured, agreeable man he was seven* 


teen years ago, when I made him my last visit, but his 
family much improved. Tou know Mrs. Fortescue — she 
was always a favourite of mine ; her pretty husband was 
abroad, which I was sorry for, as he would have been an 
^reeable addition to our society. Miss "Wesley^ did the 
honours of the table, for her sister is confined to her 
chamber ; she was so ill last year that they sent her to 
the Bath, she has not been returned above six weeks. My 
godson. Master Wesley,* is a most extraordinary boy ; he 
was thirteen last mouth, he is a very good scholar, and 
whatever study he undeHakes he masters it most siu-- 
prisingly. He began with the fiddle last year, be now 
plays everything at sight ; he understands fortification, 
building of ships, and has more knowledge than I ever 
met with in one so young. He is a child among children, 
and as tractable and complying to his sisters, and aU that 
should have any autliority over him, as the little children 
can be to you. 

The place is really magnificent ; the old house tliafc 
was burnt down is rebuilding. They live at present in the 
offices ; the garden (or rather improvements, and parks, 
for it is too extensive to be called a garden), consists of 
six hundred Irish acres, which make between eight and 
nine hundred English. There is a gravel walk from 
tlie house to the great lake fifty-two feet broad, and six 
hundred yards long. The lake contains 26 acres, is of 
an irregular shape, with a fort built in all its forms ; 

' Frances, second daughter of Hicliard, 1st Lord Morningfon, who married 
ill IT.IO, William Francis Crosbie. Esq, 

'' Uarrett, only uon of Lord Moniington, born July 19, 1735, afterWHrds 
cri'-ated Viscount Wellusley and Earl of Mornington. Hb was father of Arthur, 
1st Duko of Wellington. 


there are islands in the lake for wild fowl, and gmt 
quantities of them that embellish the water extramely. 
I never saw so pretty a thing. There are several diipit 
one a complete man-of-war. My godson is govemofr of 
the fort, and lord high admiral ; he hoisted all his ecioan 
for my reception, and was not a little mortified that I 
declined the compliment of being saluted from the fort 
and ship. The part of the lake that just fiontB the 
house forms a very fine bason, and is surroiinded by a 
natural terrace wooded, through which walks are eai, 
and variety of seats placed, that you may rest and enjoy 
all the beauties of the place as they change to jonr eya 
The ground as far as you can see every way is Wttring 
in hills and dales, and every remarkable point has eitfier 
a tuft of trees, a statue, a seat, an obelisk, or a pillar. 

The weather was stormy all the time we were there, 
but I took a small sketch or two, though I performed 
my operation like the witches — in a tchirlmnd: and I 
had so little opportunity of examining the whole dis- 
position of the place, by reason of the bad weather, that 
I can give you but an imperfect notion of it. How 
great a satisfaction is it to see so fine a place in the 
possession of a man so worthy of it ! The maiden annt, 
Mrs. Sale,* that has lived with her nieces ever sinee 
their mother died, is a quiet easy woman, who neither 
adds to nor checks any mirth. Mrs. Fortescue has a 
beautiful boy about five years old, a jolly girl a year 
younger ; she is verj^ fond of them, but discreet in her 
management. "We left them yesterday morning not 

' TIio u'ifc of Uichard Ixml Momin«xt(in was Klizabeth, eldett daugfatarof 
'hjhn Sale, LL.D. and M.l'. for Carysfort. 


without great solicitations that we would stay longer ; 
but D.D. was wanted at home by his workmen, and I 
don't care to stay long abroad j I found the little boy 
very well at my return, and rejoiced at seeing me again. 
We came home by Lucan, and called there at two o'clock 
in hopes of finding Mr. and Mrs. Vesey at home, and 
dining with them, when the butler told us they were 
gone to dine in Dublm ; well then we had notliing to do 
but go to the public-house at the end of their avenue, 
concluding that Miss Handcock was gone with them. 
The woman ol' tlie public-house honestly owned she 
had nothing ibr us, not even a littk bacon ; this was a 
cruel disappointment at that time of the da}, so on we 
went towards Cliapel-Izod, a famous place for entertain- 
ment, about four miles fartlier ; but luckily we were 
called after with Miss Handcock's compliments, who 
desired we wouid return and eat a bit of mutton with 
Jier, which we did most gladly ; and no wandering, 
starving hero or nymph in a forlorn wood, ever relished 
a fairy repast better than we did a good substantial 
shoulder of mutton and potatoes ; wid no part of the 
entertainment was more agreeable than the pretty kind 
manner we were received in by our charitable hostess. 
"We got home by seven. The latter end of next week Mr. 
and Mrs. Vesey' and Miss Handcocks come here to sheltM 
themselves for some days, their house is ftdl of work.* 

AnotliiT pcrii-d of three months here intervenes in the Corre- 

' Jira, VcBcy "as tlic youngest daughler of Sir 'ITionina Vesey, Bishop of 
n.,!M.ry, an^i nmrried first, William Handcock, Esq., of Willsbtook, county 
\\'i;stmeatii, and seconilly to Agmondiaham Vesey, of LucaiU, 

' The cud of tliis Itttc-r ia wuQtiDg. 



Mrs, Delany to the Duchess (/Portland. 

Delvillo, 14 Feb., 1748-9. 

I have deferred some posts writing to my dear ladj 
Duchess that I might give an account of my commission. 
I have got the six smts, which I think very good, and hope 
your Grace will a])prove of them, and that they will wear 
well. I did not buy them of the same merchant you had 
the last of, and must pay the carriage of them. Aa soon 
as they are delivered to you be pleased to give me notice, 
and directions how I shall draw upon you for the money. 
They come to £41 2^. Irish, which is £37 I8s. Eng. 
The tea napkins are bespoke, and I will bring them with 
me ; they will be about two shillings a napkin ; I could 
not meet with the quantity wanted ready made, the price 
on each suit is marked, Irish money. 

As to my dearest friend's wish about my phiz, it should 
be accomplished were it in my power ; but it is given up 
by the whole college of painters to be an impossible iaoe 
to draw like, as there is 7io settled cawitenance to copy ! 
but Ul<on(litioned muscles, that grow crabbed and cross 
at the time they ought to be in the best humour I Add 
to this a muddled complexion^ deep lines and furrows^ 
which time has bountifully and amply displayed, and for 
the size of the person belonging to that same face — k is 
a porpxL'is groicn.^ 

* This hiimoroiis description of herself is completely contradicted not ooIt 
by tm<lition but by the pictiiros still existing of Mrs. Delany. Her compkodon 
vvas so wonderful I y fine that her blush was dcscribcil to the Editor hy brr 
own root her as brilliant to the last year of her life, and as easily cmlled forth 
by any sudden emotion, as in a young girl of fiAeen, and sbo nerer wu tc{)k» 
sen ted or described as fat. 


I am glfu3, and so is Bashe most sincerely so, tliat the 
Lady Mayoress' found such favour with your Grace: it 
has given a new spring to her pencil, and she has beg^an 
and almost finished such a set of pantines as will be 
worthy a place in your cabinet of curiosities. She has 
done the Duke and Duchess, Don Quixotte. Sancho Panza, 
Maritornes, and is going on to the Laughing Cook and 
Dorothea ; but proud as I am of contributing to your store 
of rarities, I don't know whether I shall be able to give 
you up my Puppet Shew I 

Well now, my dear friend, I begin to feel the pleasure 
of our meeting, and every day I do something towards 
my journey ; though we cannot set forward till the latter 
end of May. Mrs. Vesey offered me her house in London, 
but D.D. would not have it, because it is such a distance 
from Whitehall. I wish I could get a house in Spring 
Garden ; I have not yet done anything to your toilette- 
boxes ; I have got a little good white at hist, but fear 
the effect will not be pretty : however I will do some- 
thing by them, if you will forgive my spoiling them. I 
wrote your Grace word that I thought Hayman ' the 
best master I knew of, but am not sure he will teacb. 
My poor dear Goupy, are you gone ? I am sure you have 
left nothing like you behind you — so modest, quiet, civil, 
honest, and an incomparable nia^er ! forgive this eulogium, 
but my heart would vent itself, and your Grace knew his 
worth. I find by the newspapers, that the Bishop of St. 

' An allusion to some drawing by Miss Buahe, iient to the Dnchcra of Fort- 

5 Francis Ilajritiiin, Iiom at Esetcr in 1708, died 177G. Ho was the best 
bistoric.ll fminicr in tlip kingilora lierore the arrival of Cipriani. He famished 
drawings for editions of Congrove's Works, Pope's Works, Newton's Millou, 
Uanraor's Sliakospcarc, &c. 


Asaph^ is married, may I take the liberty to beg your Ghrace 
would assure him of mine and the Dean's best widiM for 
his happiness ! If the lady has equal merit to him (which 
I hope she has), he must be a happy man. Now becmose I 
have not time, I am so perverse as to want to tora OTer, 
but it is Lent and a time for mortification, and I will 
indulge myself no longer. 

Mrs. Dclany alludes in this letter to her expectation of booq bong 
in England, which was realized, and was probably the cause of an 
Interval of some mondis in the correspondence, during which time the 
following letter proves that she had been with her sister at Wdles- 
boum, and had then made a pilgrimage to Gloucester for reasons she 
herself best explains. 

Mrs, Delany to Mrs. Dewes» 

Glocester, 1 July. 1749. 

Yesterday I received my dearest sister's letter, and am 
glad you are determined to sit quiet this sultry weather. 
As for our meeting at Gloucester, it would have been too 
vmch for us both, and Mrs. Y. takes the not coming in the 
true sense. Though I have suffered in my spirits by commg 
here, I have acquitted myself of a duty I owed, aad find 
a satisfaction in my mind for having done it, and a quiet 
and uninterrupted enjoyment of my dear sister s company 
at my return to Welsboume, will compensate for the me- 
lancholy hours 1 must spend in this place, where so many 
objects put me in mind of our great loss. But I will say 
no more on this subject, though my heart is easier fw 
having said so much. I hope my dearest sister has now no 

1 "Married, the Slat Jan., 1749, Right Revd. Df. Roiiert Drmnmoiid, Lord 
Bisliop of St. Asaph, to Miss Henrietta Orcll, a 30,000/. fortnne." 

OP MRS. DELANy. fl07 

pain in her side, but I fear the excessive lieat will increase it 
— and surely hotter weatliet was never felt, except that one 
memorable day we spent together at Mayfield.' Now 
for the journal. I found all here well except poor Nancy, 
who seems to me in a very bad way ; our first meet- 
ing was what you may imagine it to be, and the first 
object that struck my eyes was a mw tomb, and tliat 
put my spirits into such a hurry that I could not get the 
better of it for some time, nor had I courage to venture 
yesterday to church morning or evening, or to go out 
of doors but into the garden, I set Mrs. Viney to the 
harpsichord, and I was much pleased with the improve- 
ment the girls have made. Miss Viney really sings well, 
and Harriot surprised me with her playing ; I think she 
will make one of the best players I ever fieaiil on the harp- 
sichord : they are agreeable well-behaved girls, and Jemmy 
a pretty modest lad, 

Mrs. E. came yesterday in the afternoon, and the 
Bishop of GloucesW, who enquired much iiiter you, and 
expressed concern of your not being perfectly well : we 
dine with him on Monday. What a strange inconsig^nt 
letter is this, my dearest sister ! rambling like my poor 
fluttered head ; and yet I think I find myseK well com- 
posed to-day, and I intend going to church ; for there is, 
after all, but one method that can compose the mind 
properly — which is, performing our doty to the best of 
our capacity, and praying for grace to sustain us under 
all trials. Mrs. Viney has begged so hard that we would 
stay till Thursday, that we have yielded to her soHcita- 

' MnyficUl, near Calwich, in Staffordshire. 

' Dr, Martin Benson, I'rebendary of Durham, made Bighop of Gloucester, 
1734, <iicd 1752. 



tions : we shall hardly leave it till Monday or Taesdaj. 
Don't expect us ; we will come as soon as possible. On 
Thursday we propose going to Cheltenham. I am sure 
you know and believe that the dear little boy shall have 
all manner of care taken of him ; he will be no sort of 
trouble to us, but a great entertainment. And now 
adieu. God bless you ! — A thousand kind services and 
wishes attend you from hence. I think I feel rather 
more impatience to see you now than when I landed at 
Park Gate. Once more adieu. 

Mrs. Delany's visit to Gloucester to sec her mother's tomb, and 
10 comfort her old friend Mrs. Viney, was another among the 
numerous instances of the deep feeling she possessed, and of the 
principle of duty which she ever followed, A journey to Glou- 
cester from Wcllesboum was no trifling expedition in those days ; 
and it was evident that there was no one at Gloucester who in- 
dividually gave her any pleasure — their value being merely that 
of association. Her sister was absent, her mother was dead, bat 
siie did not rest until she liad visited the gra^e of one she so much 
honoured in life, and administered consolation to the old suryiTing 
friend, whose desolation she had before commented upon, while 
her own sorrow was so recent. The good Dean accompanied her, 
and as usual participated in her sorrow as he ever did in her jojs, 
and showed that invariable sympathy which first won her r^aid, 
and afterwards secured her attachment. 

Mrs. Granville was buried in a tomb outside the cathedial at 
Gloucester, but within the iron railing of its inclosure, and near 
tlio walls of that sacred edifice, where it may still be seen standing 
alone, with the following inscription : " Here lies interred the body 
of Mary Granville, daughter of Sir Martin Westoomb, Baronet; 
relict of Colonel Bernard Granville, who passed a long widowhood 
in this city, leading a most exemplary life, doing all the good to 
her poor neighbours that her income allowed of." 


Mn. Bclany to Mrs, Dru-es. 

Birminghani, 17 Aug., 1749. 

Mt dearest sister. 

How painful it is to leave you, though I have the 
flattering hope of our meeting soon again ; but I left 
you not well and I shall not hear of you this age. You 
were excessively good in sending me word this morning 
you had had a good night. Our little Pauline did not 
rest very well ; I saw her and gave her my blessing. 
Were you out with me to-day ? 

Now a word or two of our notable expedition to Bir- 
mingham. The first part I suppose Frank has acquainted 
you with, and my running away with him to Stratford, 
where he got us the horse we wanted for Bennet : well, 
on we drove, hooping on very restive horses, and Mr. 
Shackle came roaring that we had killed his cattle. All 
his unreasonableness a letter can't contain, nor this 
skewer of a pen write, but thus it lias ended : we have sent 
a messenger to Calwich to notify to the squire that we 
cannot be with him before supper-time, and have 
amused ourselves here as follows : — we sent for Mr. 
Priest to tell him of Shackle's impertinence, and after 
dinner walked to Vauxhall, a good mile from hence. The 
garden is very neat and pretty, with a handsome bowling 
green and seats in several parts of the garden ; in one of 
them we drank tea, eat bread and butter, and Bhenish 
and sugar. Incur way home we stumbled among a crowd, 
enquired, what was the matter, was told a methodist 
preacher was going to hold forth in the street. We stop- 
ped a good while in hopes of being edified, but our patience 
would not hold out till sufficient quantity of mob were 


gathered for a congregation, so home we camei Mr. Priest 
with us, to our mutton-broth and roast pigeons (bat not 
such mutton and pigeons as Welsboume produces). 
We are to have four horses and a postilion to-moirow at 
the door by 5 to carry us to Calwich : we dine I don't 
know where. The landlord here has promised to send 
this to Stratford to Mr. Bot on Saturday. 

Mrs, Delany to Mrs, Detoes, 

Calwich, 19 Aug., 1749. 

I wrote to my dearest sister on Thursday nigbt ai 
Birmingham witli an account of all that had past firom 
the time of my leaving Welsboume. We accommodated 
matters with our imposing coachman Mr. Shackle (by-the- 
by a very great rogue) and set out next day firom Binning^ 
ham at 6 with four horses and one postilion ; dined ai 
Ousley Bridge, were met by Bichard Hall near TTttozeter 
and got to Calwich before 8 : the joy of seeing my 
brother made me soon forget all the disagreeable part ci 
my journey. My brother says, that you may not lie two 
nights on the road, that his chaise shall meet you at 
Abbot Bromley and bring you here, and your own chariot 
may rest and come on the day after. I hope you will be 
able in your answer to this to give us some notice of the 
time of your coming. 

I will tell you nothing about Calwich but that I am 
delighted with it, and have sauntered about all this 
morning. When we were at dinner at Ouseley Bridge, 
a little boy about Bunny's age (but not such a boy) peeped 
in, and there being some jelly of currants on the table I 


fancied the child had a miiid to it and sent them to him, 
and presently after Mr. and Mrs. Kinnersley' came to 
thank me for my kindness ; they enquired much after you, 
and desired their compliments. I have been so siUy as to 
forget franks. I must beg the favour of you to get a dozen 
or two for me from Sir Charles Mordaunt ; you will find 
paper in the middle drawer of the walnut table in ray 
closet : a dozen will do if I am to see you soon.' I 
don't know but you will find a few of tlie Duke of Port- 
land's in the drawer with the paper. 

The verdure here is in high beauty, and we saw great 
quantities of new corn in the haggards as we came along 
through Staffordshire. I found a letter from Miss Gran- 
ville with a receipt for you, but I hope you will never 
have occasion to make use of it. Mrs. Kinnersley told 
me that her little boy who was with her had two years 
ago 80 violent a fever that nobody thought the child could 
recover, and that he wa-s redu(red to so great weakness 
a-s not to be able to stand alone for a considerable time 
after it : since his recovery he has had better health than 
ever he had, and so wUl, I hope, our Uttle Mary. I have 
great dependance on asses' milk and exercise, which I 
hope in God will perfectly restore her, and I shall be glad 
to hear of your having both been pn horseback. 

' Thomas Kynnersley, of Loxley, Esq., coontj- of Stafford, an officer in the 
navy, married Penelope, only daughter of John Wbeeler, of Wootton, Esq, 

^ Franks were never dat<Hl at tlie period of this letter, but the ladies pro- 
vided thcinselvts with packets of half eheeta folded and signed hy members of 
either House of Parliament, which laated for monlha, and on which they wrote 
themselves whatever address was required. 


Mrs, Delany to Mrs, Dtwa, 

Calwich, 25th Ang^ 17»i. 

Many happy returns of this day ^ may my dear brother 
and sister Dewes enjoy ! I not only speak for myself bat 
for all here, whose kind service and wishes attend yoa 
very affectionately. I doubt this second distress about 
your children wiU make you negligent of yourself and 
give all your attention to them. As to your coming here, 
it is unnecessary to say what pleasure it will be to ns all, 
but don't let any indulgence to us make you do what 
may give you uneasiness. It is hard to give np such a 
joy as your company, particularly to me who cannot 
always be in the way of having such a happiness ; but 
it would be cruel to press you to come, unless yon can do 
it with perfect ease to yourself. After the fatigue of 
body and mind you have gone through the change 
of air, the sweetness of Calwich, and the satisfaction of 
our being all together, will refresh your spirits and be 
of great service to your health. But if that is not to 
be, I wiU come to you as soon as possible, and I know 
nothing will keep you from us, but you or your children's 
illness. Mr. Dewes did very right in opening D.D/s 
letter, and you in opening mine ; do the same by any 
that come to your hands that you think will give you any 
intelligence you wish to have. 

We have had very pleasant weather since our being 
here, except last Tuesday ; when we had the most violent 
tempest of thunder, lightning, rain and hail, that ever I 
remember to have seen or heard. It began about 5 in 

1 2r>tli Aii<ni8t, Anne Gran ville*8 wodiUnr; day. 


the afternoon and lasted till 4 in the morning. The thun- 
der and lightning never ceased ; it abated about Iialf ao 
hour and then came on with greater violence again. We 
had three claps that sliook the house — it was like the 
going off of a cannon ut the window. 1 thank God no 
damage was done, and though I was startled at the 
loud claps, I was much less terrified than I have been 
formerly at much less storms. 

On Wednesday the Okeovers and Doxeys dined here, 
and the heiress Miss Nichols ; she is a fine lively girl, but 
wants a good deed of modelling. To-morrow Mr. and Mrs. 
Kinnersley dine here. This afternoon we go to Snelston. 
I have had no letter about the nurse for Mrs. Foley. The 
Dnchess of Portland got safe to Welbeck ; I had a few 
lines from her yesterday. You must bring Jenny's mare, 
for my brother ^rees with me and other physicians that 
riding is absolutely nfcex-iary for you, and you ought 
not to neglect it a day. Don't forget a bundle of franks. 
Can yon conveniently bring my green and wlut« linen 
sack, ' it hangs in the painting-room, if you can't it is 
no matter. 

Mrt. Ddany to Mn. Devxt. 

Calwicli, 4 Sept. 1749. 
I shall think the time long till Thursday next, and 
hope in God then to receive comfortable news of you and 
your dear children ; I shall then be able to judge if 

' Linen gowns of all descriptions were constantly in ase in those dayR, anil 
it i» siirjirising tliat they have not been revived, ab the teitnre is so superior 
to cotton. Thej were printed lilte chintz, and also dyed in plain coloum and 
ill stripes. 

VOL. n. 2 L 




there can be any hopes of your coming here (though I 
greatly fear not), and then I shall fix my time of retain- 
ing to you. To have lost so much of your company on 
so sad an occasion is grievous ; and I am conyinoed, 
from too frequent experience, that to be absent from a 
dear friend at the time of sickness or distress is more 
painful than being with them, as it is attended with a 
constant suspicion of things being worse than perhaps 
they have really been in every particular. D.D/s iUness 
last week prevented our going to Okeover, but we think 
of going next Wednesday ; and Loxley we intend taking 
on our way home and staying there a day or two. 

As to the shells ^ I hope you have not sent them, as 
they will come too late for me to do any work with : 
had you brought them and we had all worked together 
it would have been delightful, but that scheme is now 
over. Sickness and sorrow will attend us on our jounej 
through this vale of tears ; and if we are so blest as to 
have intervals of health and joy we ought to be thonkfiil. 
But when I am lamenting your tenderness of constitution, 
and pain on your children's account, to balance that I 
consider your strength of mind and Iiappy fortitude on all 
occasions. I view these melancholy scenes as so many 
trials of your virtue, and this is a consolation not to be 
met with from any other consideration; and reconciles 
me even to your distresses. 

I hope when Lord North comes into tliis neighbour- 
hood he will come for a day to Calwich, as my brother 
would be extremely glad to see him here, though he says 

1 Mn. Dflany nrnde a grotto at Calwich, which the Editor ^vell reuMinben 
bociD}; as a child. It was cutirely liucd witli shell ^*ork done by bvntir and 

htT .sister. 


he shall be alraid of his drawing him in to do a great deal 
more, but he has a great opinion of his fancy and judg- 
ment. Is Miss Wheeler Mrs. Mills ? 

After this letter Mrs. Delany returned to Wellesbouroe, wliere 
she remaiued till the second week iu November. 

Mn. Delany to Mrs. Dtrwr: 

Onfunl, Suiiiky morning, 9 o'clock. 
12 Nov. 1741). 
No post went out last night : it goes to-night at 
seven, and I cannot let it go without sending my 
dearest sister a journal of the heavy hours that have 
passed since I left her. We got to Euston about one, 
were delayed half an hour on the road by tlie car wheels 
breaking, no overturn, but Smith was forced to be hoisted 
up behind Bennet wiMou? any pillion, and James came 
wabbling on with the broken equipage, his PribbUskip 
much ruffled. I feasted at Euston on your good provi- 
sion, but not very hungry : we staid about two hours. 
About three miles from Oxford we bad Uke to have lost 
one of onr forewheels, but fortunately saw our danger 
before any bad accident. The coachman pretty soon 
repaired the loss, and we arrived at Oxford about six. 
We sent for Mr. Viney, but being weary and low- 
spirited we did not care for any other company : he is 
much pleased with his plum-cake, and obhged to his 
little friend for it ; this morning we are very well. X> D. 
and Viney are gone to eight o'clock prayers — I am pre- 
paring their breakfast for them, and at ten shall go to 
University Church : after that will resume my pen, 
2 l2 



Mr. Cleaver preached a very ingenious and proper 
course on tlie great advantages of being well acquainted 
with the Scriptures : it was nearly an hour long. From 
thence we went, escorted by the GreaJt ShaWy * to see 
several of the colleges. He asked very particularly 
after you, and hopes you forgive his taxing you with 
being scribe to the letter ; he now has found out a hand 
like it, who he is sure must be the person that sent it, 
and would show it me, but his wife coming soon into 
the room prevented my asking to see it, I fear I sliall 
not be able to add any more to this ; Shaw, his wife, 
daughter, and Mr. Viney dine here, and in the afternoon 
Lord Lewisham ^ and Mr. North ^ drink tea. Dinner is 
on table. 

Bulstrode, 13 Nov. 1748. 

Upon examination I found that this letter will reach 
you Bs soon from hence as it would have done from 
Oxford, so I brought it on to add the sequel of my 

The young men drank tea with us as expected. Mneh 
disappointed Lord Lewisham was that I would not stay 

1 Dr. Tlioiiias Shaw, lH)ni 1G92, dicil 1751. A great trarcllerin Egypt And 
the Holy r.:iml and Africa. In 1740 he was nominated piiiicii«l of St Ed- 
muucrs iiall, wliicl) he soon re})aircil, and restored from a ruinous sUUa by hit 
niiinitia*iice. He was also made Hfgius rrofcssor of Greek at Oxford. The 
work of Dr. Shaw, which has been translated into the French, Daldi, tad 
German languages, is the best that has Ix^n written oontaining an tcoount of 
the Al^erine and Tunisian staU-s. His geo^rraphical researches threw light 
ui>on tlie ancient and modem state of Nnmidia. In the course of hit tvtTeb 
he collected nearly GOO plants, of which 140 were newly ditooycred, betidet an 
immense number of minerals and medals, many of which he presented to public 

s Willi:im Viscount Iicwisham, lx>m in 1731, succeeded to the Etrldooi of 
Dartmouth on the dfathof his p^ndfather, 15th December, 1750. 

3 Frederic, son of tlie 1st Earl of Guildford, bom 12th April, 1732, tnd 
afterwards the well-known Prime Minister, Lord North. 


long enough to visit his rooms ; they staid tUl near 
eight. We kept Jemmy Viney to eat mutton broth 
with us ; went to bed early, and rose at Iialf an liour 
after five, breakfasted at nine at Tetsworth, dined at 
twelve at Wickam, got here at half an hour after three j 
but what was my vexation when upon enquiring after 
the Duchess, found t-lie was gone to London, Lord Titch- 
field had a feverish disorder, and she and the Duke were 
gone ofi" with Babess to town, and they did not know when 
they were to return ; and for my consuhition hit-e was 
Lady BeU Monckl \ can't say I entered the houee with 
a very good grace, but at last I was brought to myself 
by the caresses and obliging behaviour of Lady Betty and 
Lady Harriot, and a messenger is just come to say Lord 
Titchfield is pretly well again, and I liope the Duchess 
will return on "Wednesday. My Bpirits were so sunk ou 
leaving my dearest sister that I could not all the way 
raise them till I saw the walls of Bulstrode, and then 
the thought of surprizing the Duchess a day sooner 
than she expected cheered and revived me. We had a 
very pleasant journey. Whenever you hire horses let it 
be irom the man we had ours of in Oxford ; we had ex- 
cellent cattle, and the civilest best humoured coa«ihman 
and admirable driver that ever was hired, hia name is 
Thomas Robinson. Lady Bell occupies the yellow apart- 
ment, Babess has the ground room, and we have Lady 
Oxford's apartment, 

Mrs. Elstob is pretty well, and Mr. Achard in good 

I left the Irish notes for Mr. Dewes on the harpsi- 




Lord Guernsey * is to have Lady Charlotte Seymour for 
certain. Have you had any account firom Coventiy of 

the two boxes of shells ? 

Mrs, Delany to Mrs, Dexoes, 

BnlBtrode, 14 Nov. 1749. 

Lord Titchfield is much better — ^his fever quite left 
him ; but as he is to take physic to-morrow, the Duchess 
don't care to leave him till the day after, but begs of us to 
come to town and settle our affiurs, that I may not be 
obliged to leave her when she comes to Bulsirode. I 
suppose we shall return together on Friday or Saturday. 
The enclosed came from my nephews mistress^ last post. 
I hope he will be in good spirits to answer it. 

Yesterday morning, after breakfast, we all sallied 
forth to walk. We fed all the animals, such as bantams, 
guinea-fowl, plieasants, peacock, ducks, drakes, widgeon, 
teal, and an animal tliat is neither monkey, fox, nor squii^ 
ell, but sometliing of each creature, very harmless and 
tame, kept in the flower-garden, and has a hard name 
which I can't remember ; it is larger than a great cat. In 
the evening we had tea at the usual time, and worked till 
supper ; after supper played at cribbage — ^Lady Bell and I 
against our husbands ; and in our last game we had in 

' Heneago Lonl Guernsey murriud, 6th October, 1750, Charlotte, daughter 
of Charles, 6th Duke of Somerset. He succeeded his father in the Earldom of 
Aylesford, 29th June, 1757, and died May 9, 1777. 

' Miss Mar}' Hamilton, who kept up a correspondence at a child with Coort, 
the elilest son of Mrs. I>ewes. Miss Hamilton married, 1763, the Rar. 
Nathaniel Preston, of Swainston, county M(*ath. 


playing a 1 5, a pavroyaJ.. a double peroyal, a second ptTOyal, 
and an end game, which was 27. To-morrow morning we 
propose setting out as soon a.s it is light, and now I am 
called to tea, and shall not be able to write again to you 
till Monday. 

Mr*. Dehwy lo Mr'. Ptiivs. 

Biilstrode, 20 Nov. 17*9. 

I shall now proceed to tell where I have been, and 
what I have been doing since ray last letter. On Thurs- 
day morning we got horses from TJxbridge, and went to 
town in our chaise, Smith on a stool at our feet. We 
stopped in Park Street at our brother's, wlio did not expect 
such visitors. He was glad to see us, and we to see him ; 
he looked well but complained of a cold in his Iieiul. ITe 
would have had us dine with him, but 1 was obliged to go 
on to Whitehall, as the Duchess of Portland was in doubt 
about our coming, and had been so good as to offer us 
rooms there ; so on we went, found the Duke at home, 
Mr. Lambert with him ; Mrs. Lambert and little boy very 
well. D.D. went to dine at Mrs. Percival's, to enquire if 
Donnellan liad got us a house. It was near three : I dressed 
myself, and by that time the Duchess came home ; Babesa 
was gone to her sister. I dined with the Duke and Duchess 
at the Bishop of St. Asaph's. Visited Lord Titchfield, and 
drank tea witli him in the afternoon ; he has been very ill, 
but is well again, only a little weak ; he is a charming boy 
and learns faster than his master desires he should ; goes 
into the 4th form as soon as he is well enough to return 
to school. I left him at 7, and went to Whitehall with a 


bad headache. Babess came home soon, and Lady Bate^ 
followed, and then the Duke and Duchess. I went to bed 
as soon as I had supped ; and between nine and ten, D.D. 
and I set out a house-hunting, and after mach fatigiie 
met with a very pretty little house in St. James Place, 
that wc have taken : and what pleases us both extremelj 
is that there is a very good bed-chamber, a large dressing- 
room (or drawing-room if you please), a little room for t 
servant, and a light closet within the bed-chamber, which 
we hope my dearest sister will make her apartment before 
the first of March. Lent begins and oratorios in FebnuDj ■ 
and what additional luinnony your conversation will be 
I leave those to judge who know Iww well toe. aecordL 

I am at last relieved from the perplexity I was in abont 
a certain person's coming to town to me by D.D. who has 
very kindly asked Miss Granville to be with us till yon 
come to town, which she has promised to do, and as 1 
mentioned that to Mrs. Yiney (when she spoke of hex 
daughter's coming) as a thing likely to happen, 
I think it will put a stop to that affair very well, and I 
hope not give her any offence ; for I have so great an 
esteem for her, that it would grieve me to disoblige her. 
Poor Betty Granville is in a very dangerous sfaite of 
health — a constant cough and pain on her chest, no appe- 
tite, no sleep, though they give her laudanum, and Bshess 
is in a miserable way about her. Lady Bell Monck 
is here; they were to have left us to-morrow, but 
a violent creek has seized Mr. Monck's neck, and he can't 
stir. The Duchess is very well, and very sony she had 
not the pleasure of seeing you, but as things have 

* Tjnd/ Bute, daughtor of Jjiily Mary Wortley Montagu, wife of John Earl 
of Bute. 



happened it is well you did not come as you proposed, for 
Lord Titchfield's illness^ kept her a whole week in town, 
and it would haye heen a mortification to her. I ara so 
much pleased with Lady Betty and Toz that 1 must again 
repeat that I never saw two such agreeable girls of their 
age in my life — so civil, hvely, humble, and conversable ; 
they are doatingly fond of the Duchess, uever so happy 
as in her company, and at the same time in such awe that 
they watch every motion and look to observe if she 
approves of what they say and do. 

All the talk at present is about Lady Mary Cook' and 
her strange Lord. She has been cruelly treated by liim 
and his father (who perhaps wiE see what I write of hira, 
for he examines all letters that pass) ; he will reap but 
little satisfaction from that employment, and, like lis- 
teners, hear no good of himself. There was a great 
meeting at Westminster Hall last Friday, where she was 
produced in Court, lead in Ijy my Lt»rd Cook ; she peti- 
tioned for leave to see her relations, lawyers, and physi- 
cians, which was granted : what next will be done nobody 
knows, but a modest woman is much to be pitied who 
imdergoes what she must do if a trial comes on. 

The Duke and Duchess go to town next Friday, and 
return on Monday : I shall go with them to settle all 
particulars about my house. I saw Miss Sutton and her 
brother Dick on Friday morning (after we had seen 
houses) at Mr. Percival's. Our chaise took us up there 
at half an hour after eleven ; we called on my brother, his 
cold better, and he abroad. "We then drove away to 

' Lady Mary CRmpbcll, daughter and co-heiresaof John Duke of Argyll and 
Greeowicli, married, in 1747, EdwArd Viscount Coke, only Bon of Tbonias 

Coke, Earl of Leicester, 



Bulstrode, and got here at half an hour after three, ex- 
pecting the Duke, etc., would be here soon after ; bnt a 
messenger came to tell us that their coach broke doten in 
Westminster as they were coming out of town, so they 
did not come till Saturday. Now we are rummaging and 
sorting shells, and making preparations for a thousand 
works more tlian we sliall have time to finish. Conid 
you any way contrive to send me 12 or 14 of yoor 
cleaned mussels, those that look transparent; I will 
faithfully repay you. 

Mrs, Delany to Mrs, Dfwes, 

Bnlstrode, 26 Nor. 1749. 

I am now, I assure you, as well as you can wish me 
to be. I had promised the Duchess of Portland to go to 
town with her as last Friday, but was so prudent as to 
let her go by herself, though I really had business 
besides the pleasure of being with her : she and the 
Duke return to-morrow to dinner. Yesterday Lady 
Bell Monck was dying with a gouty cholic, and she 
scared us all ; however it is all over now, and she only 
complains of a violent soreness where the pain was. 
Mr. Monck has been confined for a week past with a 
swelled face, and Mr. A chard with a cough, so that we 
have been a house of invalids. L. B. M. is a sad check 
upon our pleasures ; they have named three different 
days for going away, and yet they are here, and I fear 
will be as long as we stay in the country, which is traly 
a mortification ; the Duchess behaves herself in the 
most obliging and proper manner that can be towards 
her, but it is much thrown away, however, it becomes 

OF M!tS. DELANY. 523 

Tier so to do, thougli her pearls are unregarded. Babess 
and the Gracelings have shewn me much affection and 
tenderness, and we have had much enjoyment of one 
another since my confinement to my room. Lord 
Titchfield is very well again, and goes to school to- 
morrow, the Duchess charges me with kind love to 

I thought you would be disappointed in Graudentio.' I 
know it did not cliarra me; D.D. told me before I 
read it that there " was little in it," and unhickily for 
Gaudentio I had just been reading Clarissa, and it must 
have been an extraordinary book that would have been 
relished after that ! " Tom Jones," in liis married statue, 
is a po&r thing, and not written by Fielding, Lady 
Mary Cook fainted away when she waa brought into 
"Westminster Hall; she is at present in her vile hus- 
band's custody, and now confined in a little dark room up 
two pair of stairs ; she is in a very bad stat*; of health : 
her mother, sistcirs, lawyers, physician, and Lord and 
Jjady Bute (her near relations) are permitted to see 
her now by order of the Court. How much happier is 
your Nanny Ward than Lady Mary Cook with all her 
riches. I don't find she has by her conduct in any way 
deserved such tyranny ; the worst I have heard of her 
is that her temper is not good. 

Have you not heard of the second box of Irish 
shells ? Mr. Barber writes me word he sent them the 
beginning of last month, directed to Mr. Old in Coventry, 
as I desired he would ; if that is gone too, I shall thiuk 

' The Histonr of Gnuapntio A\ Liicai, published in 1T25. MrB. Barbauld 
speaks of it aa "the effusion of a fine fancy and a refined understanding j" sod 
saj-B that " it is attributed to Bishop Berkeley." 


some envious sea nymph watches an opportanitj of 
seizing a treasure belonging to her own regions, jealous 
of our rivalling her with her own productions. It will 
be a little discouraging if we meet with this second dis 
appointment. When Mr. Harley comes 1 will remember 
the sedan chair ; he is not expected till the week before 
Xmas. Dr. Shaw comes here next week for a fortnight. 
Poor Dr. Young is in great trouble ; his daughter-in- 
law, Mrs. Haviland/ (the lady he recommended to me in 
his letter,) is dead, it is said she died suddenly in her 
coach between Drogheda and Dublin. If yon hear of 
any reports of a disagreement between Lord Anson' 
and his Lady you may contradict them — there never kaa 
been any ; she is a little coxcombical, and affects to be 
learned, which may sometimes put him out of coun- 
tenance; but Lord Anson is a most generous, good- 
natured, amiable man, and he deserved a wife of more 
dignity. I^dy Wallingford has been extremely ill, but 
is better. She is in a wretched state of health, and so is 
our cousin I3etty Granville ; she went in the morning 
to the Princess of Wales' birthday, but looked so pale 
and faint that both the Prince and Princess desired her 
not to come at night, but to take the best care of herself 
she could. Mrs. Foley proposes being in town the 9th 
next month ; Mrs, Stock leaves her, and has taken a 
house in Cleveland Court. 

Dr. and Mrs. Tomlinson are to be in London this 

1 Lady Klizaheth Yoiin^ bail two dan;;hter8— the eldest marriod Uie Hoa. 
Mr.Tcmplo, sou of Lonl Palinerston, and died of conMiinptioD at Lyons; Um 
vouii«;e8t, Caroline, married ^lajur Ilaviland, with whom abe went to nude in 

3 (Tcorj:^ Lord Anson, the celebrati'd naval ooniDiandery marrwd Ladj 
i/Abeth York, daughter of Philip, Ut Karl of Hard wick. 



winter. My brother is very well, and Donncllan. 
Smith desires humble duty ; 1 can't guess what you 
mean by "the Duchess' ticketft" unless some of her visiting 
tickets, which are stampt, slipped accidentally into your 
letter. Could you procure a slip, or root more properly 
speaking, of Mr. Sherwood's fine dark polyanthus, and 
send it in a pot of earth packed up in a basket to be 
left at (Jerrard's Cross, directed to the Duchess of Port- 
land ? I don't know whether this is a time for removing 

Lady Nassau Fawlet* ie mad ; she says she will murder 
her daughter (a girl about uiue years old, her only child), 
for she killed her brother ! Lady Nassau's two sisters- 
Lady Grower* and Lady Leicester,^ Lord Cook's mother — 
are so much taken up with persecuting poor Lady Mary 
Cook, that they have no thought of their unhappy nieoe. 

Mt». Del'uiij to Mrs. Deavf. 

Bulgtrwle, 4 Dec., 1749. 
I had a letter last post from my brother ; he is very 
well. I know nothing of Sir Tony, but suppose if any- 
thing extraordinary ailed him my brother would have 
mentioned him. Your wish has at last prevailed, and we 
are free from all inters, but not till last Friday, so now 

' Ijvly Isabclln, daught«r of Thomas, 6th Earl of Thimet, married Lotd 
Nassau Pawlft, bruther to the Duke of Bolton. 

2 The Laily Mnry Tuflon, a daughter of Thomns, Cth Earl of Thanet, waa 
born in 1701. She niarriiil, 1st, Anthony Earl Harold, last surviving son of 
Jlcnry De Grey Duke of Kent, April 17, 1718, and on his death became the 
tliird wile of John, lat Karl Gower. 

3 I.acly Maraarct, dau{;litcr of Thomas, 6th Earl of Thanet, married July 2, 
1718, Thomas Earl of Leicester. 



our tetes-a-tetes and works go on swimmingly. I have 
begun to put on the shells on the lustre, and hope it will 
be finished in less than a fortnight : we could do nothing 
whilst some company were in the house who were to 
be treated with ceremony! Poor Babess^s apprehen- 
sions for her sister increase — she went to town this 
morning. One day last week (Friday, I think) she had 
a letter from one of the Maids of Honour to say that die 
supposed she did not think Mrs. B. G.^ so ill as she really 
was, and that she was grown a great deal weaker and 
none of her complaints removed. This terrified BabesB 
extremely ; she was for going instantly to town, Imt 
we prevailed on her to stay till to-day ; she is excessiTehr 
fond of her sister, and has indeed not only been a kind 
sister, but has acted the part of a tender parent. 

Did I not say that Lady Margaret was not grown in 
proportion with her sisters ? she is pale, and quiet in her 
manner ; she is a sensible little girl, but not of a strong 
constitution I believe. Lord Edward is a sweet pretty 
boy, but not so forward at his book as his brother was at 
his age. Lady Mary Cook's match was made by my 
I^ady Gower. I am sorry Lord North has had the gout, 
I never can congratulate anybody upon having so severe 
a companion. When does he go to London? 

I did not tell the Duchess of your drawer for sheik 
till I received your commands so to do. She says she 
must have just such another for that purpose and twenty 
others; but a material thing is wanting, which can 
neither be borrowed nor jnirchased — a thing we seldom 
know the true value of till gone ; and every hour that 

> MfK. Ik-ttv (iraiiville. 

OP MRS. DELA.NY. 3ii7 

strikes ought to put us in mind how fleeting it is, 
though it is that which, if well and rightly employed, 
will make us happy everlaBtingly ! 

When you send to Snitsficid pray present my 
humhle service to Lady A. Coventry, and let her 
know that I have not been unmindful of the book 
of shells I mentioned to her, but there is not one to 
be had at this time ; the bookseller I had mine of 
says he expects some over from France soon, and has 
promised I shall have the first that comes, which I will 
take care to send to Lady Anne Coventry bj the first 
opportunity. I shall send you some oranges for orange 
wine as soon as they are gooil, I give you notice now that 
you may have your Bugar and vessel ready. My house is 
in Si. James's Place, the landlady's name Lyiich. 

I think the fringe of the valance and bases shouU be 
the same depth as that on the bottom of the curtains. T/te 
great Dr. Sbaw arrived here this day in excellent spirits. 
The strange odd creature I named is a Java bai'e.' Let 
me know instantly by what carrier I shall send down the 
oranges. There is great bustling in London about the 
Westminster election : if Lord Trentham' should carry 
it, which it is thought he will not, he will pay dearly 
for it they say. 

A few days ago the Duke of C — went with some 
ladies in his coach to see the election, and the mob took 

them for foreigners, called them French and was 

going to pull them out of the coach, but on their vowing 
tliey were English they let them alone. 

1 'I'iiere art tivu watf r-coluur drawiiigB, by Mrs. Delany, of the Java hare. 
• liurJ Treutliftin wjsaiiioaisl lor Wtstminuter, ip Decomber, 1749, by Sir 
tieor^c Vniiiieimt. 


Mrs, Ddany to Mrs, Dewe$,- 

Bulstrode, 10 Dec. 1749. 

I am glad you have seen the bride folks, and tliat 
Mrs. Mills is as lively as Miss Wheeler was : I haf% 
she will be able to communicate some of her spirit to 
lier husband, and he some of his gentleness to her, and 
that will make a mutual amendment ; though for the 
course of this world, and the cares she may have to go 
through, her stock of spirits may be very neoessary ! I 
desire you will make her easy about the payment of 
the money ; when it is quite convenient to her will do 
or me. I think you are much in the right not to put 
the glass into your chariot till you have something 
better to see than dirty roads. 

Last Thursday the Duchess of Portland went to 
Eton to meet Lady Andover ; Babess went with her to 
lie that night at Windsor, in order to meet Mrs. Foley 
at Slough next day ; she complained a good deal that 
morning, and had had no sleep for some nights. The 
Duchess came back to dinner without Lady AndoveFp 
she was in hopes of bringing her home with her. 
Babess said she would come to us yesterday, and the 
coach was setting out for her, when her servant brought 
me a letter with an account of her having been so ill 
she could not go to meet her sister nor return to Bul- 
strode, but to-morrow the Duchess and I propose fetching 
her. I don't wonder she should be ill ; the constant 
anxiety she is in about her sister is enough to wear her 
away. She went to town last Monday to see her, and 
returned on Tuesday ; she found her not worse, but not 


the least better. Next TInirsday the coach goes to town 
to fetch Lord Titchfic-ld home for the holidays. I 
design going up in it, to eettle all particulars atout my 
winter-quarters, and to see poor Betty Granville and 
Mrs. Foley, who is come safe to town, and her children. 
Lady Mary Cook is so ill, that it is thought she can't 
live ; she is confined to a very dismal, ill-furnished room 
up two pair of stairs. I have not yet met one man who 
does not pity her and detest her tyrant ; I should have 
an ill opinion of the humanity of that man, that could 
justify such cruelty; if she dies, she has been as mtjch 
murdered by the severe usage she has met with, as if she 
had been poisoned. I am very glad you liave got Misa 
fline' with you ; she seema to be a good kind of young 
woman. If she knows how the crokand sugar used to 
be done at Mrs. NorclifTs, I wish you could prevail 
on her to teach Sally how to do it. You have been 
very good to Sally ; I am .wrry she should liave added 
to your number of sick folks, for you have been suffi- 
ciently tormented with sickness. 

I think of your kind intention towards St. James's 
Place with the greatest pleasure ; if it can be conve- 
niently and agreeably accomplished it will make D.D. 
and me extremely liappy. I have not yet finished the 
lustre ; your mussels have been of great use, but I hope 
in ten days' time it will be done and hung up in its 
place ; it promises to be very gay, and the Duchess 
likes it extremely. I have made her six baskets ; she 

' " Sliss nine" imist have been wliat iti tliesu <kjs would be called "a 
covtrncss," liiit tlie subsi'qiicnt allusion to her knowledge of coiifcctii>nary in 
(he placu she harl previously been in, proves ttiata practical acquaintance with 
dill'creut bninclies uf bouiiekeeping was then naturally to be expected in a 

VOL. n. 2 m 



likes them so well and finds tbem bo conTenient, that 
if I have time I must make her a few more. The 
great and mighty Shaw has been very entertaining and 
comical ; I gave him your message about the Aelb; 
lie says he has none, or they should be much at yovr 
service. I was afraid last night I had forfeited all hiB 
grace and favour, he told us a very droll story of hit 
journey to Sir Thomas Littleton's,^ and of his having t 
most ridiculous toss out of the chaise ; he was tiirown 
head foremost upon the board over ^^ the leathern apnm,** 
as he called it, but catching fast hold of one of the 
horse's tails, he saved himself irom falling imither; 
but being a little unwieldy, it was some time before he 
could be raised from the place. This happened ju0t ai 
he stopped at Sir T. Littleton's door, all the ladies and 
gentlemen ready to receive him ; a jerk in the stopping 
of the chaise suddenly caused this downfal. His 
humorous way of telling this accident, and the idea 
that struck us all of his figure in such a posture, yoo 
may believe raised a great deal of mirth amongst us ; 
and the Duchess insisted upon my making a drawing of 
it, which I did. She was so much diverted with it, that 
she would show it Dr. S. I was against it, but she 
earnestly begged, and I consented, as I had done things 
of that kind by him before, and he always took it with 
good humour. This did not succeed so well, and he 
walked off gloomy, which really vexed me; but Mr. 
Achard told him the concern I was under, and that tiie 
drawing was destroyed ; he then would not confess he 

^ Sir Thomas Lyttelton, Bart, M.P. for the county of Woreester. htim of 
G<!or^e lA)rd Lvttelton. Uo died September 14, 1761. 


had been angry ; said that it was absurd to suppose he 
should take anything; ill of me, and when we met at 
supper, he was aa merry and good-humoured as ever : 
ao " all's well that ends well." 

Lord North passed by yesterday, and sent in a 
message with au excuse for not calling, but he was 
lame and obliged to go on. I was a good deal ebocked 
last Thursday with au account that Bennet had had a fit. 
It was certainly an apojtlcctJc fit — he had one twenty 
years a^; I hope it will give him a serious and proper 
way of thinking. He wag the person who made the dis- 
turbance at the Sun at Cheltenham ; he was blooded, is 
to have a blister and other medicines by way of precau- 

A Eebus Bent me. 

What in e*ei7 tavern you usualljr s«e. 

In what the wri'tkeJ sailur woulci willingly he. 

Or the atone thtit has built half the churches in town, 

Is the name of aa amiable friend of your own. 

Could Mrs. Viney send the Duchess a root or two 
of the bee-flower ? The polyanthus, she will be ex- 
tremely glad of. 

Mn. Dtlany to JUn. Dewa, 

BuUtrode, 17 Da:. 1749. 
On Friday I went to town in the Duke of Portlaad's 
coach, that went to fetch Iiord Titchfield. D.D. and I 
Bet out from hence at nine, got to my brother's at half 
an hour after twelve, just asked him how he did, and as 
we were to meet at dinner at Cuz Foley's I staid but a 
little while with him. Thence to Mrs. Percival's, saw 
2 M 2 



Miss Sutton and Mrs. Pcrcival, but no Mra. Ponaallan, 
By this time it was two o'clock ; the Dean walked away 
to Paul's Church- Yard and I took a chair to do buaineaB; 
went in the first place to Mr. Dufour*s» the fkxDpim mw 
for paper ornaments like stucco, bespoke a rose fx the 
top of her Grace of Portland's dressing-room, where tk 
shell lustre is to hang, which was finished last Thursday, 
(had le^n just twelve days in hand, this by way of 
digression). From thence went to settle with myneiw 
landlady. She not at home ; and there I staid near 
three quarters of an hour, at last she came, and very 
courteous : and for five guineas a week goes out of the 
house and leaves it free. 

It was half an hour after 3 before I got to Mrs. 
Foley's, where I was to spruce myself up a little before 
dinner. Mrs. Foley looks very thin, and I fear B. 
Granville's illness afiecte her a good deal, though she has 
better s])irits about her than Lady Abbess; Mrs. Foley 
and I went in the afternoon to drink tea with her. The 
physician that now attends her has had her blooded, and 
blistered on the arm and the pit of her stomach, and with 
all these operations she has not lost her strength, which 
gives me hopes that her youth will at last get the hetttt 
of her complaints. I called for a quarter of an hour 
on Lady Wallingford, who looks wretchedly, and has 
been in a great deal of dtinger. 

D.D. and I met at Whitehall on Friday evening, 
before 9 ; we supped on sj)rats and very luckily met the 
box of shells Mrs. F. Old sent me from Coventry, hot 
it does not make me ainends for the box lost, for this 
contains only trumpery sorts, none that are fit for any- 
thing but common grotto work. YTe returned to Bui- 


strode on Saturday with Lord Titchfield and Dr. Shaw, 
who went to London for a few days on hnsinese. 
As you forgot to enclose my Pauline's measure, she 
cannot possibly have her coat befoi-e Xmas. I will 
observe your Jireetions about the materials ; I think it 
time enough for her to be dressed in silk. 

The Duchess would with great pleasure make you n 
visit were it in her power ; but she hopes to have the 
pleasure of seeing you in town this winter, and sends you 
many kind stTvicee and wishes, a volley of which were 
let off aa I -just now came from the tea-table and saying 
I was going to finish a letter to yon. 

' Jffn. Delany lo Mm. DeUKf. 

Bulatroiie, 22 Dec. 1749. 
As next Monday, my usual day for writing, is Xmas 
day, I will not put off answering your last letter, and 
the Duchess finds so much employment, that I have little 
time for writing. I have finished the lustre^' — I believe I 
told you 80 before— and it has been a (/rco^ «wi. I have 
begun a pair of candlesticks,' for her, but fear I shall 
hardly finish them, as not a flower is yet made. I had 
a letter from Mr. M. in answer to one I writ to him at 
Welsbourn about Mr. Clifton : he delivered my letter to 
Mr. Frankland, who said many obliging things of me, 



' " nf I'lstie " .ind the" candlesticks " were msile of shells. Mrs. Delany 
excelled in shell work, and ntlained lo such perfection in it, tbat sibe executed 
curniccs of the most heautifiil dcBigns, which were fonued of shells, which when 
painted or coloured over appeared like the finest carving, but for smaller objects 
like tlie lualre, &c., they were left in their natural colours, which, arranged by 
ber unerring ptp, hail the most tieaiitifiii eiTccl, and united the brilliancy of the 
tolyiirs of enamel with the inimitable tracery and harmony of nature. 


and how much he valued my recommendation ; that he 
would do all that lay in his power, and in the meantime 
begged his acceptance of a twenty pound note ! — was not 
that pretty ? indeed something more, for it was great 
liberality. I watched the echpse, but was more pleased 
at the thought that your eyes were at the same instant 
placed on the same object tlian with the eclipse ; I believe 
it was not much above a third part of the moon. I know 
nothing more about Lord Trentham than what the news- 
papers say. Lord Guernsey will not be married very 
soon ; I have not heard that the day is fixed. 

Lord Titclifield is a fine boy, and learns surprisingly 
quick, but I do not think him quite so cugrteMe in his 
manner as his two eldest sisters, who are so modest, so 
civil, and so good-humoured that you would be charmed 
with them. The Duchess keeps up her authority 
amongst her children as she used to do, and they 
watch every motion of her eye. Yesterday we carried 
home Miss Granville ; she had some affairs to settle be- 
fore she went to London. Bettv continues in the same 
way, has still the pain in her chest and no voice. Her 
sisters are much to be pitied, who suffer as much in their 
mind as she does in her body. 

The Duchess, &c. send you many loves and 

Of Mlia. ItJKLANY. 

Januaby, 1750, TO December, 1750. 

Uni. Dd'tny to Mrt. Deiiia. 

St. James's PlaCB, 16 Jan 1749-50, 

A long letter should have followed my short dab 
to my dearest sister, if time and opportunity would 
have given me leave. But you know, and will know 
I hope again, that the first coming to^ London occa- 
sions much hurry and interruption. I cannot forgive 
Mrs. J. stuffing into your chariot, and being so airy as 
to give you cold ; I bL'au'eoh you not to be so complaisant, 
and I still owe her a grudge for some precious moments 
she robbed us of. Lord Harrington does not go, at last, 
to Delville, at which I most heartily rejoice; the Lord 
Chancellor' has prevailed with him to go to his country 
house at Merion, The day after I came to town I dined 
at Mrs. Percival's, which was last Thursday (on which 
day I wrote you to tell you we were safely lodged — 
Sally, trunks, and all.) I spent the whole day in Han- 
over Square, called on the Maid of Honour in the 

' Hohert Jocelyn, Ksq., appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland, September 7, 
1739, cnatcd 29tii November, 1743, Baron Newport, and 6tli December, 1755, 
ViEcount Jucclyn ; and died Oct. 25th, 175(1. His aon was creat»l Earl of 



ing ; she is indeed in a melancholy way. On FridBjr 
moruing I had mercers, &c., and all that train. Don- 
nellan, Fred. Montagu, and Mrs. Montagu, then dined 
at Whitehall ; visited Lady Bell Monck in the Bfi6^ 
noon, and fiiiished with Mrs. Foley, who is as well u 
can be, but does not go out. 

Saturday morning, full of business, dined at Foley^s; 
my brother met us, who is very well, and in good i^iriti. 
In the evening went to Betty Granville, finished at 
Dash's, and met our Duchess. Sunday went to early 
church at St. James' Chapel, dined at Montagues, made 
Lady Wallingford a visit by the way, who looks wretch- 
edly, but is better than she was. The evening I spent 
at Donnellan's, met Mrs. Southwell and the Duchess. 
D.D. was to have been of our party, but has got one of 
his troublesome o )lds ; he would make me go yesterday 
to the play with the Duchess. In the morning I had Mr. 
Carr and silks, and have bought a rich satin for a sack, 
as near the colour of the ribbon we bought together as 
I could get it^ and a purple and white flowered silk. 
Then in came the Bishop of Gloucester, who staid an 
hour; after him. General Dalzil ;' then Mr, Montagu, 
Mr. Achard, Mr. Hill, and Lord North ; so tliat with 
difficulty I was dressed by three quarters after 3 : dined 
at Whitehall, and as I said before, went to the new 
play, " Edward the Black Prince,"* which entertained me 

* A descendant of the celebrated royalidt genertl Sir James Dilnll, Ddaril, 
or Dalyell, of Binns, IViirt., who miseti the Scotch Greys» aod never dMved Iw 
beard after the death of Kin^ Charh'S I. Ilia bcard-OLtiib ia presarved M n 
heir-l(»oin ; it ia twelve inches in breadth, and haa teeth aix inchea 
There were Beveral military oflia'rs amnnr: his detioendaDta, probably the 
ab(»%-e-nunied wan James IhdyiiU, who in ITCl was killed in Ainerioa. 

- I'M vvaid the lUack rriiici-, (never U fure aciud,) '* waa |'Ia^\Td for uineni^ta, 


veiy well, thoug-h it is rather a clutl play ; but the story, 
or rather incident, is so interesting, and Garrick acts it 
with 80 much spirit, that I liked it very well. The Duke 
of Portland is here ; Miss Thomhilljuat coming'. D.D.'s 
cold not better, I stay at home all day. In the afternoon 
comes Donnellan, Miss Sutton, and the Duchess of 
Portland. I can add no more. My brother dines with 
ub; he complains a little but he looks well, and makes 
me liappy, and when my dear sister comes my happiness 
will be complete* -■■ 

"'*"■ '''''' Mn. Ddaui/ to Mn. Drwt^t. 
■..(Ml .„H |„,„ [i . gPp^_ 1749-50. 

Yesterday I went to Brompton with Miss G. Lodg- 
-inga are taken there for the Maid of Honour, who is so 
much worse than when I last wrote that I think there is 
no manner of hope of her recovery.' They call it a con- 
sumption, but it is of a singular nature. The pain on 
her breast is constant and violent, and at times she is bo 
oppressed that if not instantly bled they say she would 
expire, and yet it is not an asthma. The physicians talk 
learnedly about her, but, in truth, though they all give 
her up as irrecoverable, they don't well know what her 
distemper is. Pray God give them all consolation ! 
Now as to your coming to town, pray come as soon as 

comnn'Jicing Jiuntary 6, IT.'iO, at Driirj' I^nc." Some parts were said to he 
well written, but on the whole il was dull aTnl declamatoiy ; and thechflractar 
of "the Ulftck Prince too uniform, too cold and tame for such an actor fls 

1 Mre. B. Orttnvillc, the M»id of Honour swms to have been one of the most 
lOftrvtllons instances of vitality in «yii< if linman art that ever existed ; she 
snn-ivedtill 17U01 Kurty yeare after this letter! 


you can, for Lady Ab. has no intention of returning to 
me again. I should have been very glad to keep 
her a fortnight longer, but if Brompton agrees with 
Betty they will stay on for some time ; if not^ and an 
end is soon put to her sufferings, her fiister desigin 
going directly to Windsor. D.D. insists on your oaming 
the latter end of this month at farthest, for oratorios 
begin the 2nd of March, and I challenge you to go with 
me ; and if the dear child is well and you can get Mrs. 
Peters, I hope you will comply with his request I b^ 
you will answer this as soon as possible. What joy it 
will be to me if I may expect to see you within this fort- 
night. I shall not forget the 1 Ith February/ I pray God 
many returns, and that you and the dear child may en- 
joy it, attended with health and happiness of every 
kind ! 


I have this morning had a visit from Mr. Bayley, who 
begs his humble service to you. He has expressed so 
much gratitude to you and our dearest departed friend,' 
that it has (though a satisfaction to meet with so grateful 
a mind) raised a tender recollection that is rather mon 
than my spirits can at this time well bear ; but as I tliink 
it wrong to indulge what may prejudice one^s health, I 
intend going about this morning to see fine pictures and 
dine at Whitehall, where I shall meet the Duchess of 
Queensbury, and spend the evening with Foley. 

* The birtlnlay uf Mary Dewcs. ' Their mother, Mrk GimnTillr. 

OF MliS. UEl.AKY. 588 

. .■ '■ ! Mrs. Ihhint, tc Mn. Dtiit». 

Ht. Jamc^B Plfiw, 20 Feb. 1749-50. 
I tless God that my dear little girl tas missed her 
ague ; I BUppoee you will repeat the bark plasters to 
Mary's wriets before the usual time of the ague's return- 
ing, which is generally in eight days, and till that is over 
I don't expect you should fix your day at all ; only let mo 
know within a week of the time that Miss Granville may 
remove to Lord Weymouth's, where she intends going 
as soon as you are detei'mined to come ; she would go 
sooner, but I will not suffer her; but to make her stay 
easy, t have assured her that you will not defer coming 
one day on her account. Indeed I believe she will soon 
be released from her painful and miserable attendance 
on poor B, G., who is now reduced to the last weak- 
ness ; slie was so HI last Saturday, the pains on her 
breast and at her heart ao strong, that from 7 in 
the morning till two at noon she was in the utmost 
danger \ the physician that conntanly attends her, Dr. 
Monsey ' was in the house with her, and says he 
thought she was expiring several times — she had 
several fi-ts of strong convulsions. Unfortunately that 
was the day fixed upon for the Xtning of my god- 
daughter. Miss Mary Foley .^ The hour appointed was 
12, to meet at Mrs. Foley's ; the Duke of Portland god- 
father, the Duchess, proxy for Lady Mansel,* who was 

' nr. Mousey, phj-sician to Lord Godolphin, who lived at Oognaagog Hill, 
nrar e' 

■ Mary, Bccond daujih'tT of Thomas (aflerwarda Baroa) Foley, married 
Piitliard Clerk, Esq., of Kingston, county Osford, and diisd in Dewmbcr, 

' Sir Wiliain Mansel, married Amy, eldest daughter of Sir Bichard Cox, 
Uui Chancellor of Ireland. 



very ill. At 11, just as I was going to dress, a messenger 
came from Brompton to let me know B. G. was so ex- 
tremely ill, and that I was desired to go there imme- 
diately, the Dean gone out, and I knew ijot where to 
find him. so I took a hackney-coach, called at the end 
of Stratten Street, and sent to consult with Mr. Foley, 
wlio intreated me to come to the Xtning and not srv 
anything to Mrs. Foley till it loiis over. I then went on 
to Brompton, found poor Bahess in a miserable way. 
Dr. Taylor and Sir Edward Ilulse ' sent for. I told her 
the necessity there was of my going to the Xtning, and 
that I would return again as soon as it was over. I got 
liome as fast as I could, much discomposed as you may 
imagine, and not at all in a condition to see Mrs. Foley ; 
so I sent a note to her, to sq,}^ I had been detained by 
business, and begged the gossips would meet me at May 
Fair Chapel, w^here the child was to be Xtned, andtheR 
I consulted with the Duchess how I should break the. 
sad new^s to Mrs. Foley — as we then imagined the poor 
Maid of Honour could not outlii^e the day. It was ag^reed 
I should tell her that she had taken a medicine which 
had ruffled her veiy much, which was in fact /rue, and 
that Babess begged of me to come ; this alarmed her 
immediately, and she intreated me to return to her 
sister, which I did, and found things rather better. She 
(that is Betty) grew easy towards evening ; I then left 
lier to go to Mrs. Foley. 

> Sir K<lwanl Ilulse, Bart., eldcHt bod of Sir Edward Holse, If.D., fint 

ph}»ioiaii to liis Majesty (irvr^xc 11. 


St. James's Place, 1 Match, lT40-i'O. 

Indeed my dearest sister's motherly tenderness and 
patience has heen tried, and my own disajijiointment 
is also your disappointment. 

B. G. coiitiimes in the same languishing state, always 
in pain, but gains no ground as to strength ; she was 
blooded two days ago, and they talk of bleeding her 
again to-morrow. I expect our Duchess to drink a 
t^te-a-tete tea with me, and then, we go together to the 
Duchess of Quceusbury. 

To-morrow oratorios begin — Saul, one of my beloved 
pieces — I shall go. The new play written by Mr. 
Whitehead,' Lord Jersey's tutor, is now acting, and much 
applauded ; it is too tragical for me : it is called The 
Roman Father, written on the plan, as I understand, of 
Corneille's Horace. Lord Titchfield is pretty well, though 
still confined to his room. 

I am glad you have got Mrs. Peters. Poor Mrs* 
Lambard has buried her son ; she is ready to lie in, and 
I hope will have another, as it will be of consequence 
to their fortune. My brother is well, and so is Sir 
Anthony. Mrs. Southwell is recovered of a very bad 
fever. The present talk of the town is of an affair be- 
tween Lord Hervey and Lord Cohham, liOrd Hervey 
was at a drum of Lady Cobham's ; he held his hat 
under his arm, the inside upwards ; Lord Cobham laid 


' 'I'lie Ituiiiaii Father. A trageiiy by W. Wliitebead. Acted at Drury Lane 
]75<X Fuiindod oq the coiubal uf the Horatii and Curiatii. MaauD aayi 
" it is an iiiiptovement on Corneille." 


rj.lQF. MBS. DBLANV. 559 

I congratulate you on the departure of the nurae, and 
that stie gave the little girl so little uneasiness ; and I 
hope Juliana will prove a proper and useful servant. 
lam glad you have heard from dear Lady Sarah Cowper; 
Mrs. Hamilton disappointed us, and did not corae till 
twelve ; we breakfasted in our new grove at our usual 
time, for she knows our hours, and we are under a^ee- 
ment twt to wait. No ceremony suhststa between ua ; 
-it ie laid aside, though ceremony is proper to keep 
those at a distance that otherwise, might be txoubto- 
BOme.- -■...'■■.,;.. 

Last Sanday I had a good deal of company : Monday, 
Earned in ray garden — the Yesey family with us. lu 
t&e afternoon drank tea in my orangerie ; company after 
flompany till 9 at night. Tuesday, dined at Lady 
Gr&ndison's ; Wednesday, with Docf Clements, an 
agreeable Fellow of the College. Ourparty : Lady Koas,' 
Mrs. Hamilton, ilrs. Montgomery (eujjpoaed to be his 
wife, but not owned), a modest, sensible, well-bred 
woman ; we made it a very pleasant day, saw all the 
varieties, walked in the garden and park belonging to 
the cottage, came home at 9 ; Thursday, dined at Mr. 
Franklin's ; Friday, spent the whole day without any 
interruption at home — worked, walked, talked till dinner, 
and sal quiet, listening to the harper, till 6; then 
picked roses — three baskets full. At 7, drank tea in 
the orangerie ; then walked all over our meadows, fed 
our deer, saw two beautiful fawns and the two young 
favourite coach-horses eat their oats in the field ; stood 




a wager with Mr. Nugent of a crown that he would spit 
in Lord Hervey s hat, and did, asking Lord Hervey 
pardon for doing it, and telling him the reason, upon 
which with the utmost composure, Lord Hervey offered 
him his hat to win as many crowns as he pleased ; but 
next morning sent Lord Cobham a challenge/ 

An interval of two months here occurs in the oorrespondenoe, 
during which period it appears by the following letter, Mn. Dewei 
was with her sister in London, till within two days of Mrs, Delanj*8 
return to Ireland, 

Mrs, Ddany to Mrs, Dtioes, 

7 o'clock, ith Har» 17^0. 

I thank you, my most dear sister, for the happiness I 
enjoyed yesterday, and am most thankful for the 
happy hours we have spent together this year, and hope 
we shall have a cheerful return of them. Yesterdl^ 
was a day snatched out of the shade : but I lear- the 
fatigue was rather too great for you, and your 6»ri> 
ing your spirits in the kind manner you did^ hurt 

1 Horace Walpole gives a different yersion of thii storj, tU., tkai 
CobliAm laid a bet of a guinea with Mr. Nugent, that ht WDold oonout 
this "absurd brutality," and that '*Lord Hervey would not ranft i^* 
Lord Hervey with great temper and sensibility aaked " if he had taj 
occasion for his hat f* *• Oh, I see you are angiy." " Xot very well 
Lord Cobham took the fatal hat 

OF MBa DKL4NY. 543 

WTTi «iTd ■ ' 

Nrs, Dclaag to Mti. thwa. . . 

ChcatPT, 6 M»y, 17W.v 

I had a very good night, I tliank God, at Newport. 
We set out at 6 preuiscly, drank a onp of warm whey, 
aod breakfasted at a place called Hemehlll. We got 
to Whitchurch by one, dined on salmon, raatton, and 
chicken. We came to this place by eight and drank tea ; 
we were much fatigued. Most of our way was drag- 
ging through hot sands ; otherwise the roads were 
everywhere very good, and we have reason to be very 
thankful, not having met with any bad accident. I 
am very well, and just come from St. Peter's Church. 
I have hardly any remains of my cold. The yatcht 
left Holyhead last Thursday with Mr. Fox and 
Lady Caroline ' and Mr. and Mrs. Ellis. ' The weather 
is so fine and temperate that, in all probability, it will 
be at Park Gate to-niglit, or to-morrow morning early, 
so that we may go oil" with the evening tide. We pro- 
pose leaving this for Park Gate to-morrow at nine. 

If we are delayed a day or two, which I hope we shall 
not, it will be pleasanter to be near the eea-side and 
green fields than penned up in a hot dull town, I won't 
seal this letter till to-morrow morning ; by that time I 
may have some account to add of the yacht, or Dr. 
Barber, who is expected every hour, I found a letter 

' Heniy Fox, F&[., SccreLiry-of- Stale, marriod, in 1744, Lady Georgians 
Caroline I*nnoi, cldost daugliter of (Jliarles, 2nd Duko of Richmond. In 
17C3 he wns crciltx! Itaron, and bis wife Baronoss Holland in 1762, 

* The Right Honourable Welbore K Mia, afterwards created (1794) Lord 
Mendip, married Klizaheth, only daughter of Sir William Slauhope. 




from him. He thinks himself extremely obliged to you, 
for the lionour you have done him in desiring hrm to take 
Welsbourne in his way. He had not seen Dr. Clerfce 
when he wrote, who is to be his conductor, and oonld 
give no answer but that if it depended on hnn "he 
should most gladly wait upon you. I found the box 
of shells here, much shattered, and have sent it to 

Mrs. Gordon, the lady that entertained ub here 'last 
summer, and was so agreeable as we walked on the ^iMllkj 
has drunk tea with me, and is sensible and entertaining. 
She has one daughter, now at the Bath, that she doats 
on and commends in a pretty modest manner. Slie talked 
of her daughter and I of my sister, and have promised 
tliat whenever you come to Chester you will make her 
a visit. We breakfast with her to-morrow before we 
go to Park Gate. 

Mrs, Dtlany to Mrs^ Dewes, 

DdvilU, IB Ma/, nSft 

I had an intention of writing to you last post but 
— impossible — shoals of impertinences made it impracti- 
cable. A year's absence makes it so necessary to have 
a thorough inspection into everything, and. I am 
settling my family in a different way from what it was 
formerly, which obliges me to be Mrs. Notable, and to 
do much more than I ever did in my life, and I hope it 
will agree with me ; and own that tlie bustle of it, (which' 
once I should have thought better executed by a servant 
than myself,) has been of service to me, as it has ooo»* 

1, , -lOF MKB. DELAXV. i40 

pied every moment aud left me the less leisure to think 
of some momeiUs, the recollection of which are yet too 
tender to dwell upon. Smith takes to her new employ- 
ment very cleverly, aud when once I have Jixed her in 
the method I like, I shall return to my has necessary, 
but more pleasing employmente of painting, &c. 

I must take up the journal still, and then you will be 
more exactly informed of all I do than by any other way 
of relating it. On Tuesday morning, the two Mrs. 
Hamiltons, Miss Bushe, and Misa Anne Hamilton camo 
here — all well, and made many enquiriea. We dined 
at home tliat day, aud spent most of it in kroking 
over our house and gardens, and find everything very 
well ; the garden in excellent order. Wednesday, we 
dined with my Mrs. Hamilton, spent the day there; 
Thursday, with Mrs. Forde ; yesterday, with Mrs. P. 
Hamilton ; to-day, with Mrs. Clayton, and I have had 
Lord Grandison, Mr. Mason, Mr. Curry, LordMorning- 
ton, Mr. Fortescue ! It is almost two and I not dressed 
for dinner, and you are to pay for this strange dab, for 
send it I will, that you may know we are very well, 
never in better health. 

_, I was interrupted in my last journal by a train 
of visitors ; had time to dress and get to Mrs. Clayton- 
by a little past three, staid with her till near seven, 
made a visit or two in my way homo, and had just a 
moment's daylight to run into my garden and see two 
fine myrtles set — the one given me by Mrs. Hamilton, 
the other, Miss Buahe. Sunday went to church twice : 
VOL. n. 2 N 




Deighboiir visits in the afternoon ; at 7, D.D, and I 
went to see Mrs. Barber. Yesterday morning I had 
my Mrs. Hamilton from nine to one to myself, which 
was, I believe, a mutual pleasure; then oame in* the 
Bishop of Derry, Mrs. Barnard, and their son, and 
then Dr. Stopford and his lady ; all left us to a tftte^l- 
t&te dinner at 3. At 5, Mrs. Helsham axni Mn. 
Roberts came; w^ent away soon after six. I settled 
my shells on the outside of my cabinet; tho inddewill 
take up more time than I can spare at present. I hate 
found my house in pretty good order, and the garden 
is Paradisaical. Oh that my dearest sister could see it 
with as much ease as going to Stratford or Warwick ! 
and yet with such a passage as n>e had from Park Qk^ 
to Dublin, the voyage is not so formidable an afiair as 
it appears to be ; — for we dined at Park Gate on Sunday 
at one, and the next day at Delville at 5 ! 

After all the bother and rout I made about my port- 
able garden it is lost ; the box can nowhere be found. 
I gave it in charge myself to the captain of the ship 
that brought it over, (it did not come with us,) and 
he knows nothing of the matter. Our fruits and 
flowers have been much hurt by the easterly winds; 
it is now so cold that a fire is comfortable, though 
the sky is clear and the sun bright, and my protpetts 
in great perfection ; Tiger is perfectly well, and oor 
little robins as familiar as usual. The greatest 
damage I have sustained in my absence is my shell 
lustres falling to pieces, and most of my crayon 
pictures rnildetcvd ; but as they are the works of an 
author of no very great value, it gives me no very great 
concern. To-day Mr. Frankland and his daughter 


dine with us; to-morrow we call at eight o'clock on 
Mrs. F, Hamilton and Bushe to go to Bray, ten miles 
off, to see Miss Mary Forth, who is there drinking 
goat's whey, and next month goes to Bristol* Mrfu F. 
Hamilton, to my great satisfaction, does not go tp 
England with her son ; she is terrified with the Eton 
rebellion,^ and other prudent reasons joined bftve do- 
teiTnined her to stay here. Mrs. Clayton aijicj the Bishp3P, 
and Miss Brown, went yesterday tpw^irds Glogher^ and 
we are preparing for the North as soou as w^ c^n paak 
up what will be necessary for us. 

On consideration, my scheme of staying At Delville 
this summer will not do : as it is on my accoimt that 
D.D. is absent a whole year it would not be well in 
me to let him go to the North without me, and I should 
not be easy to have him there alone. Nei^t Friday we 
dine at Chapel-lzod, a house belonging 4o thi^ Govern- 
ment, lent to the Bishop of Derry — a sweet place, about 
two miles beyond Derry ; and Saturday we are to dine 
at Lord Grandison's. 

I had a letter yesterday from Donnellan ; she tells me 
the Maid of Honour goes out every day in a coach, seems 
in good spirits, looks/ wretchedly, and the Puchess has a 
very bad opinion of her. I own I cannot think she will 
recover, but may linger a great while ; I hope, in Go4, 
she will make a proper use of the time given h^. 
D.D. went at 6 to see my Lord Chancellor i^t Merion, 
six miles off. I am at a great loss for franks now. I 
can get none here, and if I enclose it to Sir C. M, he 
may be at Cheltenham, and to send them roundabout 
to Bulstrode is tedious ; however, this letter shall go 
that way. I have got the harp-sheU^ and will sepd Ijhe 
prints of the gems by the first opportunity. 



Mrs. Delarty to Mrs. Dewes. 

Delville, 29 May, 1750. 

Wliat depends on tlie weather we must bear 
without repining, hut when our Iobs arises from the 
negligence of messengers we may justly he . an^rj. 
How little do those stocks of posts know the hearts 
they torment hy their carelessness. You can easily 
imagine how little time I have had at command since 
my coming to this place. D.D. dined in Dublin at Lord 
Grandison's, and left Bushe and me to a tete-Ji-t6te in 
my closet. I got a cold by a succession of com- 
pany last Sunday, who drank tea in my garden ; the 
last company was the Duchess of Manchester, Lady 
Arabella Denny/ Mrs. I^itzmorris, who staid till very 
late, and the wind north-cast, I was taken ill that 
night with a pain in my head and sore throat, and was 
blooded on Monday, took physic on Tuesday, repeat the 
same to-morrow, and sliall not attempt writing. But 
my good and agreeable Letitia, who now makes me 
happy in her company, will add a line or two, to let 
you know how I do. 

Tuesday, 5 o'clock. — I am so well to-day, my most 
dear sister, that I could, with pleasure, and no sort of 
inconveniency, write you a long letter, but my kind 
nurses will not allow it ; so that pleasure I must post- 
pone till next post. 

Contimud by Mia$ BnsJte. 

With true pleasure I can assure you, your amiable 
and worthy sister is pure well, and as cheerful as she 

> Arabella, leoond dtngLter of lliotnu Earl of Korry, marrM Aidmi 
Denny, Esq., of Tralee. 


can bs separated from so dear and (Reserving a friend 
aa yourself. The talk is of you hourly, an indulgence 
to herself, and great pleasure to one who has reason to 
think so advantageously of you as I do. Dear Mrs. 
DeweB, do think of seeing Ireland and a group of people 
roady to receive you cordially, and amongst them 
some whimsical characters, that, whm the day lowers 
and the air is heavy, will help to cure spleen. Since 
I began this, I have been mostly thinking how I shall 
Bay what I ought, or what I think on your pretty token 
of remembrance ; but I am so bungling at expressing, 
though indeed grateful at lieart, that I will only assure 
you 1 shall always keep and value it as you should wish 
a person to do, who is, with truth and great esteem, 

Dear madam, 
iHili 1.' Your most obliged and faithful servant, 


P. S, I beg yuu may constantly think tliat, to the 
best of my capacity, Mrs. Delany shall be nursed and 
entertained ; all indeed she has now, thank God, any 
occasion for. 

Mr$, Delani/ Ic Mr>. Deuiei, 

Delville, S June, 17da 

I hope my letter by the last pjicket gave my dearest 
fiister 110 uneasiness but what must naturally attend on 
account of a friend's having been ill, and not raised 
any fears of my being still out df order, for I assure 
you the information I sent was strict truth, and I am 




now, I thank Grod, as well as ever I was in toy life. I 
have taken Salt Polyckest and Cheltenham waters. 
D,D. whose apprehensions are in proportion to his 
tenderness, sent for Dr. Quin, Monday id my b'nsi- 
ness day. I have read over your letters sine© my con* 
finement, (which was hut from Monday to Friday), and 
they have been my castor ^ pearl cordial, and sal toIatUe. 
How kindly did you remember the 14th of May,* 
I enjoy too many blessings not to be very thankful for 
the return of that day ; with earnest prayers that I may 
be worthy of tlie attention and love of so many valuable 
and dear friends. Your not receiving my second letter 
from Park Gkite was very vexatious ; because that cotild 
have saved you some pain. I gave you an account in 
that of a letter I had written to Mr. Richardson * of the 
books D.D, ordered him to send you, and desired you 
would let him know where Eagles, the Keinton carrier, 
puts up in London. As you read Clarissa, when you 
object to any particular exj^ressions kt nie know the page 
and the Une. I am very glad you have taken your build- 
ing in hand, and enlarged your scale so as to give you sU 
the conveniences you want ; and I think you are in the 
right not to put up the bed till you have done your build- 
ing. I am sorry the church service is not settled to your 
mind. I think Sir C. M. has been unreasonable. I have 

* Mrs. IVlany's Inrthtlay. 

^ Samuel Kiclianlsim, the son uf a Derbysliirc fArmer, n'as born in 16S9. 
He was bn>iight up as a printer, and carried on that busineM for manj ywn in 
Salisbury Court, FU-et Street. In 1740 he published hia " Pamela,** in 1748 
his " Clarissa/* and in 1753 his »Sir Charles Qrandison. In 1760, he boogbt 
'* a moiety of the patent of law-printer." He hail a countiy houae at fint at 
Xorthend and afterwanis at rarson's Green, where be czerciat'd gitsnt bo^ii- 
tality. Iledie«ljuly4. 17in. 

OK MllS. DELVNY. 0«l 

haJ all my acquaintance at my door, but D.D, wouM not 
let me see auybody till yesterday, tliat Lady Grandlson, 
and Lady Meade' came in the afternoon. To-day the 
Veseys dine here. I am in debt to tbe Duchess of 
Portland and.Mrs. Dounellan. I don't know where to 
direct to my brother, but at a venture ehall send my 
latter to Park Street, till he informs me where to find 
^^ m in(>t "WJJ f 

TP'O 1 hirft ^(' 

" Mrx. Ddiiny Co Mrt. nviitat, 

Dulville, 8 June, 1750. 

"SW-'bi/JiTtEST Sister, 

Covered with dust and wearied with the toiln of 
cleaning and new ari'anging my cabinet of shells, throw- 
ing out rubbish, adding my new acquisitions, all wliich 
haa been tbe work of yesterday and this morning to 
the present hour of one — (and which conid nut have 
been accomplished mthout the good assistance of my 
Mrs. Hamilton and Bushe, who have toiled like horses) 
- — to refr&sh my body and mind I am retired to write to 
the sister of my heart, to thank her for her last charming 
letter, and to assure her that I continue in as good 
health as her own heart can wish me. 

"We have not yet fixed our time for the northern jour- 
ney, nor can we, having everything to provide of 
furniture for the house we go to. Sometimes in the 
midst of my enjoyment of the garden it makes mo sigh 
to tliink that my fruits and flowers, which I with care 

' Catiieritic, wid'iw uf Sir Richard Meade, Bart., and daughter of Henry 
Pritlie, Esq., married Ri'condly, Henry Caveadish, Esq., who was created a 
Baronet, in 17-^5, and was the ancestor of Lord Waterpark. 




and pains have planted, ^ill be gathered by otliem. 
Not that I am snch a churl as to grudge my firieada, 
or even my acquaintance, the produce of my garden, 
but I wish only to have the pleasure of bestcmiDg thiWi 
myself and of having some sliare of them : tben, mi 
the other hand, wlien I consider how much good IXD^V 
presence must do in the North — and I hope / mag in 
a small degree do some — I think of my journey dveep- 
fully, and set about preparing for it inanfuUg I Thai 
expression does noi suit the occasion^ for if the mm irere 
to go through all domestic bustle as we are obliged to 
do when we acquit ourselves properly, they wooid 
think themselves somewhat obliged by the tronble we 
save them I • 

This day se'night we dined at the Bishop of Denry'a, 
Chapel-Izod ; Mr* Franklin and his daughter dined 
there, and Sign' Pasquali,* who plays very neatly aiid 
with a good taste on the fiddle. Sunday we always 
pass at home. Monday, Mrs. F. Hamilton passed the 
day with me. Tuesday, we went (D.D., B., and I) to 
Lucan to breakfast ; D.D. went to Leixlip, two miles 
further, to see the Primate, and Mrs Vesey carried 
Bushe and I to Carrtown to see Lady Kildare and Lady 
C. Fox ; nobody at home but the Dowager ; dined with 
the Tcseys. Wednesday, I travelled all over Dublin 
shoppings bespeaking paper for hangings, linen for bedsi 
and a thousand things too tedious to be here inserted. 
Thursday, D.D. went to Dublin by 7, and attended the 

^ Paflquali, (Nict^lo,) an Italian violin-player and oompowr, vaa finft knowv 
about tlie year 1743, in London, where be then resided. He allerwBids 
8etilc<l at Kdinlnir^h, and continued there as a teacher to the period ef his 
death, wliiuh took place in 1757. He published asTenl iPi^ftcml . wei;^ 

orerturc«, *c. 


oHlego ezaminations for fellowships; seat a how dee 
tO.Mrsi FOTteacue, just brought to bed of another sou, 
and tojtfifla Wesley who is to be married as soon as her 
Histftr's jmmth is up. Visited Mrs. Smitli of tJje North, 
Mrs.! Helsham, Mrs. Burghs, Lady Meade, and Lady 
Bt«8eiiig;tMi,Vfour of the five at home. This morniag 
before- dine- oaine Mrs. R Ham. Mrs. Forth, Miss Aiine 
Haoultoni .and the two young Hatniltoiis; we have 
-breiatfdsted'aiid walked all over the garden, and I have 
stok -away to finish my letter, with a promise (tbis 
being a juhik-e day) of playing to them on the harftei- 
<iord ae soon as I liave done. To-morrow, Dr. Mathews 
and hift family and Mrs. Mai'lay dine here ; Tuesday, 
Mr. and Mrs. Ellis and Mrs. Agar ;* Wednesday, Capt. 
Fe«rde b&d lais lady, Mr. Knap and his lady ; Thui-sday, 
rwt dine 'three miles ofi", at Mr. Cavendish's and Lady 
■Meade's, with whom Mr. Mount hves. All you have 
heard of the Miss Gunnings is tnie, except their having 
a fortune, but I am afiaid tbey have a greater want 
tiian that, which is discretion ! 

Mrt. Delany to Mrs. Dewa. 

Detvtile, I6Juno,l?60. 
I cannot yet settle to any of my favourite employ- 
ments; all the time I can spare from necessary afiaiTS 
is taken up at home or abroad. Last Sunday Dr. 

1 Anne Itoylc, yoimscr daiipLter and evcutnully Iieiress of Murroiigh Vis- 
count Wesington, manied, 23rd November, 1696, William SUwart, Becoiid 
Viscount Moiintjoy. 'J'heir son wa« created Earl of Blesington in 17*5. 

' Henry Apar, En]., of Gowram Castle, married, May 20, 1783, Anne, only 
daughter of the Bishop of Meath. Tbeir eldest bou was created ViaoouDt 
Ulifden, and the third bob, Charles Aj^r, was Archhiahoii of DuUin, and 
or*»ted K.»rl of Kormanton in ISOS. 


Mathews and his two nieces dined here, and Mra 
Marley. Between church and dinner I had a visit from 
the Dowager Lady Blessington and her two nieces, Miss 
Dugans. After dinner came Lady Meade, (Sir Richard 
Meade's widow) and her daughter. Monday I was veiy 
busy all day preparing and ordering blankets, Ac, for 
the North* Tuesday, Mr. Ellis and his lady and sister 
dined here ; he is one of the Lords of the Admiralty, and 
married, against consent of her friends, Miss Stanhope, 
daughter to Sir William Stanhope — a vast fortune: 
she is very plain, quiet, and rather dull in company. 
He has a good estate, and is a pretty sort of man : I 
think her friends were unreasonable in their resentment ; 
but I believe she deceived her father, and promised him 
she would not have liiin at a time she was absolutely 
engaged. She was left young without a mother, and 
I fear, had not an example from her father that would 
instil or fix right principles in her mind. 

D.D. was much delighted with Bunny's attention to 
what he read**, and bid me call uix)n him, when I wrote 
an answer, that he might explain the text for him ; which 
I shall do presently, but cannot answer for his comply* 
ing this day with the summons ; he is this moment up 
to his cliin in haymaking in the lawn under my doeet- 
window, and the whole house is fragrant with the smell 
of it. 

Thursday we dined at Pickei-stown, about four miles 
off, Mr. Cavendish's and Lady Meade ; it is with them 
Mr. M. is fixed to take care of Sir John Meade, a fine 
spoiled boy of six years old ; Mr. M. looks wretchedly, 
and is fallen away to a shadow ; 1 fear he will never 
recover his constitution. He is now in a very eaay 
situation, and much esteemed, lie says though Sir B. 

OK MH8. DELANY. 565 

Meade has befeii extremely indulged and little cohttw-" 
dieted, that he is naturally good-natured and tractahlo'J 
and Lady Meade is so wise as to give him full authority 
over the child: we were 17 or 18 in company, and had 
a vast dimiT, and such a tw^ iurhot as I never eaw 
for size. Yesterday we dined at Lord Chief Justice 
Singleton's,' at Drumcondra, a mile off. Our company 
were his brother and sister Powkea (who keeps his 
house, for he is a bachelor) and their son and daughter, 
Mr. and Mrs. Foster, and the grand connoisseur, Mr. 
Bristowe. After tea and coffee I walked out with the 
gentlemen ; the ladies not able to be of our party. 

Lord Chief Justice is very busy adding to hia bouse 
and altering his gardens; Mr. Bristowe has the entire 
direction of all.but I cannot say he has shown so much real 
judgment as conceit in what he has done. In one part of 
the garden there is a cold bath that opens with an arch 
like a cave, this is put under my care to adorn and make 
something of, and I have presumed to undertake it. 
When finiahed I'll send you a little sketch of it. I 
have got i/oar fuirp .ihtU, and will send it you, and the 
Elizabeth edging, the first ojiportunity, I am sorry you 
have not been able to see Lady Anne C. ; I am out of 
countenance wben I think of the letter she favoured me 
with ; but ray being ill, and the violent hurry on first 
coming home, delayed it so long, that now I think it 
would only be impertinent to write ; I know you will 
do me justice, and assure her of my great esteem and 
good wishes, in which D.D. joins. I am surprized at 
the many excuses made about Sally Chapone's not 


coming to you ; their Cheltenham schemes are past my 
comprehension, one month's conversation with yon would 
be of more use to her than all she can meet with that 
in twelf^ I Dr. Barber is at Cheltenham now with the 
Chapons, I hope this letter will go free, as in duty 
bound, Mr. Ellis has given me franks for the time he 
stays in Ireland. I have not had time to write to Mr. 
Richardson ; when I am in the North I may have time. 
Mrs. Mary Forth sails for England to-morrow ; she is 
going directly to Bristol for her health. 

Mrs, Delany to B, Oranville, Eiq^ 

Delville, 17 June, IToO. 

I hope this letter will find you enjoying Calwich. — 
Happy should I have been to have had you here ; 
at this moment D.D. is very busy making hay. 

I am glad the Foundling Hospital was so full, and 
carried on with such decency ; I am sure it pleased 
our friend Handel, and I love to have him pleased.^ I 
am sorry Lord W.* did not see Lady Abbess ;* I fear 
it mortified her, for she really loves him, and any 
appearance of slight or indiiference towards her T know 
will hurt her. 

We have not yet fixed our time for the North ; I be- 
lieve it will be about a fortnight hence — it cannot, be 

1 Oil Tmsilay the Ist, and on Tuesday the 15th of Mar, 1750. the oi»l«rio 
of the McsHisih was ixTlbrineil, under Ilandern own directiou, at the Faundlmg 
Hospital, for the l)eneQt of the Institution. Ou these, and on anbaeqiieiit oc- 
casions he i»layeil upon the tine organ which ho had presented to the chapel of 
thf liospital. 

• Ij«»nl \\V\'m«»utli. 

* The Honour.iWe Anne (*ranvilU. 

Booner ; I have been very busy in cleaning my new 
shells, and arranging them in my cftbinet, and adding 
those I brought with mo, — aiid now they make a dazzlhvj 
ihoic. I have got a good cargo of grotto ahella for 
you, and will send them to Chester ; let me know how 
they shall be sent from thence to Calwich. I spent a very 
agreeable day at Lucau with the YeBeya; they are im- 
proving it greatly — it is really a very sweet agreeable 
place and well-planted. Did I write you word of my 
disappointment about my traveUin^^ffardmf Kot a 
plant saved, all jumbled to pieces ; so I shall no more 
attempt such difficulties, but must content myself with 
■what I can raise from seed. 

Yesterday we dined at Pickerstown, at Mr. Caven- 
dish's, who married Sir Richard Meade's widow. It 
is a flat, but pretty enough ; to-day we dine at Lord 
Chief Justice Singleton's at Drumcondra. He hae 
given Mr. Bristowe full dominion over house and 
gardens, and like a conceited connoisseur he is doing 
strange things, building an absurd room, turning fine 
wild evergreens out of the garden, cutting down full 
grown elms and planting twigs! D.Dj has no patience 
with him, and I shall be under some difficulty to-day 
to know how to commend anything, which ia what I 
wish to do. I am called upon to dress. I have ti^e 
pleasure of Miss Bushe'a company with me at preswt ; 
but we part when I go to the North. D.D. beat wiahea 
and humble services attend you, and we both beg our 
compliments to your neighbours. 
I am, ray dear brother. 

Your most affectionate and most 

Humble servant, M. Delakt, 




Mr$» Delany to Mn. Dewei, 

Delvllle» 22 Jnat. 17fia 

My garden is at present in the high glow of 
beauty, my cherries ripening, roses^ jessamine, and 
pinks in full bloom, and the hay partly spread and 
partly in cocks, complete the rural scene. We fasre 
discovered a new breakfasting place under the shade of 
nut-trees, impenetrable to the sun's rays, in the BiidBt 
of a grove of elms, where we shall break&st this morn- 
ing ; I have ordered cherries, strawberries, and nose- 
gays to be laid on our breakfast-table, and have 
appointed a harper to be here to play to us during oar 
repast, who is to be hid among the trees. Mra Ha- 
milton is to breakfast with us, and is to be cmmingly 
led to this place and mrprised. I think Mrs. DewBAjlativs 
me extremely in saying Pauline is like me ; I hope die 
will be better every way. As to the lustre there im no 
way of repairing it, but the crayon pictures / hau 
recovered. 1 don't pity you at all with your pfreeent 
companions — bricklayers and carpenters, &c. ; I think 
them a pretty amusement, and will provide yon yriA 
much future comfort and convenience. I delivered 
your message to Mrs. Forth, and were the eeaaon of 
Bristol not so far advanced she would accept of yovr 
agreeable invitation, but she is obliged to make all the 
haste she can to drink the waters; I most heartQy 
wish they may be of service to her, — she is a TmluaUe 
woman^ and a true Xtian, I am glad you have seen 
Lady Anne Coventry ; I wish she and Sproser could 
cliange situations ; the 15 guinea shell was the tender- 
shell'd nautilus; Lady Anne has one of the 


by whilst the cows were milking, till it grew so late 
that we thought it prudent to come home, and I 
hastened to my closet to finish this letter, because, to- 
morrow we spend at Lucan, and are to call Mrs. Hamit 
ton at 8, who goes with us, and I shall not have a 
moment of the day to myself. Thus having given you, 
my dearest sister, an account of what I have dose and 
what I am to do, I retire, wishing you a good night : 
the ingenious Letitia is much your humble servant and 
sincere well-wisher. 

Mrs, Iklany to Afrs. Dewe$. ^ 

Delvill#, 30 June, 1750. 

Your letter, my dearest sister, dated the 14th and 16di, 
gave me infinite pleajsure and entertainment ; I believe 
by the account Dr. Barber has sent to his wife of Hany 
Chapon, that he is in effect agent victualler, for he aayg 
^^ his place is now five hundred pounds a year." I am the 
more pleased with this news afi I think my recommend* 
ing him by word of mouth to my Lord Gower has been 
of service to him. I hope Jack will find Jamaica at 
profitable as Hal has done ; and that they will be enaUed 
to make the latter days of their parents comfortable, and 
provide well for their sisters, who otherwise I think 
have a melancholy prospect, for all young women bred to 
idleness, and with a relish to the gaieties of the worUi 
are much to be lamented. I have not heard from Mn. 
Chapon since I wrote to her by Dr. Barber. 

I am obliged to you for your particular account of the 
church affair, and hoi)e it will end amicably and to Mr. 
Dewes's satisfaction ; TVhyte is a troublesome neighr 


bonr and even where he raeana right, he has bo in- 
juilicions and snarling a manner of proceeding that he 
mtiHt give offence on all sides. How does poor Mrs. 
Whyte? I think the Sproser's way of acting with Mr. 
A. very odd, and do not understand it. Yon liad 
better have told mo who called Clarissa "fool," for I 
have laid it to the charge of several, hy turns, and 
only one is guilty ! I hope it was twt Mrs. DobBon, 
To call Clarissa fool, argues a tipeah judgment in the 

I shall send you Bome rags and your shells and gloves 
as soon as I have an opportunity, hut the person I de- 
pended upon (Dr, Pococto ') went away on a sudden, 
and your gloves are not yet made. I think the mosalck 
pattern with cloth work round, will be prettier than 
the flower pattern for your window-curtains. Have 
you put up your sliell-work over the chimney, and 
painted it? and how does it look? I am afraid I shall 
not lie able to get any more thread of the sort you used 
to have, but when I go to the North I will try. I don't 
know what to do about the pattern for Miss Mordaunt ; 
I am ashamed not to have done it, it sounds so like a 
trifle, but / really have not time to do many thingiB that 
are more necessary to be done : I wiJl enclose yon' 
Mrs. Hamilton's fine pattern, and desire when they have 
done with it to return it. I sappoee when yen tvam 
your kitchen into a parlour, you will fit the wainscot of 

' Klclmril Fococko, a learned prelate and ttaveller, was bom at Southaio^ 
ton in 17W, He was educated at Corpus Christ! College, Oxford. He tm- 
vcllod in the East from 1737 to 1742, was HuoccBaivoly Precentor of Watorford, 
Archdeacon of St. Patrick, Bishop of Oasory and of Meath, and diad in 1766. 
His "Travtis" are fidl of dcacriptiona, particularly of the cnrioaitiea of Egypt 
and Palestine. 

VOL. II. 2 o 



the best bedchamber 'there, and hang ihe bedohambcr 
with paper. Whenever you put up paper, the bert iray 
is to have it pasted on the bcure wall ; when fined with 
canvass it always shrinks from ihe edges. I have 
stripped down old stniF beds and sent them to Momt 
Panther, and in their stead am putting xipbbieandwkite 
liyien and blue and white paper hangings, this baa taioen 
up a good deal of attention, as I am new sadiing die 
room, new setting the grate, enlarging the room^ and 
several alterations that require my overseeing andiiibst 
be done before we leave Delville, that the rooms may 
be fit for use by the time we return. My worlHoom 
I am going to new model, the wainscot wants new 
painting, is cracked and has started in some plaods ; 'the 
paper I have chosen is pearl colour cafToy paper; the 
pattern like damask : the pictures look extremely well on 
that colour, and the crimson damask window*cintain 
and chairs will suit very well with it 

Miss Hamilton waits with impatience for Court's 
answer; I hope some time hence they will be able' to 
con^espond in French ; she understands French Teiy 
well. We had an account last packet of Mrs. M. Fotth'a 
safe landing on Saturdayl ast — a tedious, safe, bat sick 
passage. Bushe is copying a Claude Lorraine. As to 
Dublin news, all I have heard is of a notable battle, 
most valiantly fought, between Capt Carr and a lady 
at the Dublin Yauxhall, the night before last ; the gen- 
tleman kicked and swore, the lady boxed, and scratched, 
and swore too (I suppose) — for a woman, that is so well 
accomplished as to iight in public (for she gave him the 
first blow), cannot want its concomitant qualificatiofi of 
swearing upon occasion. Though the lady was so stout 

OF MUS. DELANir. i i 

to begin the onset, tlio gentleman gave the firat provo- 
cation by telling her that was not a place for a woman 
of her character to appear in. ' 

■ On Monday, Mrs. F. HamiltbD, Btwhe, D.D. anil I 

■ went to breakfaast at Lucan, left this at half an hour 

■ after 7, and called for ilrs. H. at Usher's Key, Fonnd 
, breakfast prepared for us in Mrs. Vesey's dairy, and tlie 

table strewed, with roses; just ae wo were in the midst 

( of our repast came in Lady Caroline Fox, Mr. Fox, 
Mi-8. Saudford, and Master Fox — a fine rude Ijoy, spoiled 
iKtth by father and mother; Mr. Fox is a sensible, 
agreeable man, Lady C. F. hunnlrum. It rained 
finionsly ; so we fell to work making frames for prints. 

■ At 2, the supernumeraries went away; we dined in the 
cold bath — I mean in its antichamber ; it was as pleasant 

I as a i-ainy day could be when we wanted to roam about. 

I The cold bath is aa far fiom their house, as Mrs. Whyte's 
is fvum yoa ; the coach carried us, and brought us back 
to the house for tea and coffee. They are pretty people 
to be with, no ceremony, everybody does what they 
please. In the afternoon came Mrs, Stone, with an in- 
vitation to us to dine at Leixlip (the Primate's houee) 
on Thursday — engaged to GrandisMi's — could not go — 
very sorry. On Wednesday, dined at Mr. Stannaid'a ; 
very busy all the morning in my garden ; Tuesday went 
to Dublin on business ; first to a place called the Wor^a- 
Eiul, where I spent an hour and half in choOBing ont a 
set of earthen-ware for the Duchesa of Portland, such as 
yours, and a dozen baskets for Mra. Montagu, as she 
desired ; then bespoke the paper for hanging my rooms ; 
bought the blue and white linen for my bed ; and had 
just time to dross before dinner. Thursday, the Earl and 





Countefis of Grandison, the Countess of Kerry, Y» 
countess Grandison, and Mr. Mason dined here; my 
house and garden very spruce to receive them, iand th^ 
were very civil in commending everything ; the lady is 
near lying in ; I hope she will liave a child that will 
live, she has hitherto been very unfortunate : they staid 
here till near nine. Yesterday very busy all the morning, 
taking down and putting by my china and books: 
in the evening L.B. made some visits in Dublin, and 
drank tea with Mrs. O'Hara. This morning I need not 
tell you what I have done — ^my letter shows. I spent 
ail hour or more in the garden before breakfast ; would 
not breakfast in it because nothing should delay my 
writing, for fear of visitors. Mr. and Miss Frankland, 
Mrs. Mountonay, Bishop of Derry, Mrs. Barnard, Mr. 
Biirnard, dine here to-day, and to-morrow we break£E»t 
at Lucan. 

Sir Antltony Wtaromhe to the ITonUe, Bernard QranvQUf^ JEky., nU OahriA^ 

mar AsJ^mm^ IkrhfMre, 

July the Ist, from Blftcklunk. 

Yours, my dear cousin, of the 3** instant, T received ; 
most people inquiring after you, but I could not sa- 
tisfy them. Of all your friends there is none left 
but Charles Heame, who returns his hearty service. 
Mr. Luttrell, I have not seen lately. You complain 
of the heat you had after your arrival. June was 
rather a cold month till the latter end, and all this 
month has been the hottest ever known. I hear ihe 
thermometer is at eighty degrees. I am quite bumi 
up^ and have several shrubs killed in the wildemeoB. 

. . OF MRS. DELANY. £66 

My apricots fall down by dozens, ajid my people never 
dine without a dessert, my peaches and nectarinea hwoU 
very little yet, plums none ripe, but great appearance 
of grapeb. I have been very unlucky in my melons. 
i Jiare many plauto of . uuoumbviv, »ud ypUl imvo 
not bad any for use till yesterday ; < imakior^if sint oaQ 
this a bad year for gsirdens. 

I am a Htle bettor of my liunencss, and thank you 
for your kind inquiry about it. I wish good weather 
to your garden, find that yoor labours therein may 
prosper. I am, very siucerely. 
Dear mr, 

'7«ur mottt afiectionate faithful servant, 
. ■ -. il', \: A. Wescomiie. 

sin. Vdany to Mrt, Dewce, 

Htlvillp, 7 July, !7fiO. 

It is not possible to secure a day without interruption. 
I thought myself secure of this, having refused some 
parties on purpose not to be hindered ; when last 
night a note came to inform me that lady Caroline 
and Mr. Fox, and the family at Lucan would breakfast 
here, as thoy were going in a few days to England. 
I could not put it off, so have set all my best china ' 
in order, and prepared everything for their reception ; 
and as they are people of taste, I honour them so far 
as to permit them to breakfast in the library 1 it has 
struck eleven, and I hope they will not come till 12. 

I felt your vexation and disappointment when Sally 

1 Mrs. Delaoy bad a great qnutitj of very bnkuUrnl old Cldiia in which 

she wasa great connoisseur. 


was with you, for an old affectionate friend as she is 
one wishes to enjoy without interruption: You may 
forgive some from your neighbour Sproser for the good 
turn they did you at that time. I am much rejoiced 
at the good fortune of young Chapone, and hope he 
will be enabled to provide for liis sisters. I am glad 
Lady A. Coventry liked the shell work I have sent you 
by Mrs. Mountenay, (a lady that lives with Miss Frank- 
land), the twelve tea napkins you desired, a little box of 
odd shells that I think you have not (amongst them 
the harp shell and two small icliole f^collopa)^ and three 
old smocks for cut oiU tcovk. I desired the parcel to be 
loft with Mr. Gierke in Jermyn Street, where you may 
send your commands for them ; I fency the doctors will 
call on you as they return. They are very different men 
— some affectation in one and xchwmcal withal, the othw 
plain and .sincere. 

D.D. has allowed me so much time to prepare for 
our northern expedition, that I have not hurried mudi 
about it, and have now little to do. Bushe is still with 
me, but goes on Monday next ; I wish I could conTeni- 
ently have taken her with me to the North. We hftve 
at last, I believe, fixed our day. We propOBe Betting 
out next Monday or Tuesday se'night : wo go to Sea* 
fordo, to Mr. Porde*s (two miles from Mount Pantiier), 
for two or three days till all our tackling is settled. I 
am glad Lady Sarah Gowper has bought a house near 
her brother's, and hope our cousin^ will know how to 
value and oherish her worth. I have not heard ba^ 
my brother a great while ; I suppose his removing hlM 

I The Countess Cowpor, daughter of IjOtcI Qrnnvillo. 

OF MBS. DELANY. , , , WJ, ■ 

hurried hun^ and though hearing from him is a vast 
pleasure I am so used to his silence tlmt it does not 
alann me. 

' Last Sunday the Veseys engaged us to breakfast and 
dine with them at Lucan ; Mrs. F. Hamilton of our party ; 
her icii and .ftri'jhdhie^ makes her a good addition on 
sucli occasions. U.D. gave us prayers in the chiipcl, 
and as soon as they were over we set out in open 
landau to Luttrell's Town (two miles from Lucan) ; the 
road by the river side, on the other hand high banks 
covered with trees : it is a fine place, and I tlunk 1 have 
described it to you in some of my former letters. We 
dined very agreeably at the cold bath. Monday was a 
busy morning, spent tlie afternoon with ni)/ Mrs. Hamil- 
ton. Wednesday, we dined in great form at Mrs. Agar's, 
sister to Mr. Elhs, one of the Admiralty ; (he and Iiis 
lady there.) Thm-sday, had made a party to breakfast 
again at Luciii, ditto, party to dine at Castletown, Mrs. 
Conoiiy's — wliich we did ; and there also dined the 
Primate, the Archbishop of Cashell,' liord George 
Sackville,' Mrs. Marley, and as many as made up our 
dinner company nineteen. 

Yesterday was spent in tranquillity at home; and 
this day may prove so too, for nobody is yet come, and 
'tis past 12 o'clock, and a cloudy rainy day ; n'\mportef. 
only bread and butter is spread, and water boiling: 
witbout mercy. On Monday nest we are invited to the 

1 Dr. Arthur Price, Bishq) of Meatli, made ArchbiBbop of Cashell in 174*, 
died, M'SZ. 

2 Lord George Sackville, third son of Lionel Duke of Dotset. He assnmed 
tlie Bumame of Gennaine in 1770, and waa created Visconnt Sackville in 



Virtuoso Epicuroso, Mr. Bristowe ; and you shall know 
to a pepper-corn what we have to dinner. 

I Lave painters and carpenters now hammering and 
brushing away; and I have determined about my 
Minerva, and shall paper it ; my cabinet of shells to be 
removed into the library whilst the room is sprucing up, 
for fear of my glass doors ; the removing it will be a 
difficult affair, for I don't mean to take down any sheila 
but those that are near the edge of the slielves. Waa 
anything more teazing! almost 3, and no company 
come, and I have sauntered away the greatest part of 
the morning looking for them through the teleaoopey 
and preparing the breakfast things ; there most have 
been some mistake. I have not entirely lost time 
though, had I been more settled, you would have had 
rather a better letter. It grieves me that I have not 
written to Lady Sarah Cowper : I have tried, but a 
damp seized my spirits, and I was afraid of raising or 
increasing a melancholy I fear she suffers greatly fran ; 
but I zcill write next post. How can people say we 
grow indifferent as we grow old ? It is just the reverse ; 
the longer we live in the world the more we find how 
necessary a faithful friend is to our happiness : evexy* 
thing else grows indifferent, the show and splendour 
and laughter of the world dulls and palls ; but the love 
of our friends brightens and strengthens as our follies 
abate. No philosophy, no reasoning, can root oat that 
plant if sown with tmth and sincerity ; and why should 
it? I have now entered on a subject that fills my 
heart, and overflows at my pen's end, but have no xiMNne 
time, dinner being ready. 

»■ OF MRS. DELASy, ' IN 

WUDJt llAdB ftttyr I' ^>ji 

, , . Jfn. ih'/any Iv Mrs. DtVMt. ,j ^\ 

hn/ DelriUe, 15 July, 1750. 

''"It Is very lilccly this letter will find the net withotrt 
tt'e bird ; but be that as it may, write I muet. On Tues- 
day next wc propose setting out for the North. I am 
now as busy as a ■mfnhle Imisetcife must be on such an 
occasion, and the more so as alterations are going on 
here, as well as preparations for the place we are going 
to, I have done up a little apartment, hung it mth 
blue-and-white paper, and intend a bed of blue-and- 
white linen — flS IrhU manufacture; and hope some 
day to be so happy as to show it to you, bat your 
apartment is allotted in another part of the house. 
Wo have had such sultry weather that it has hardly 
been to be endured ; I think it very littlo short of the 
■memorable day we spent at Mr. Williamson's. I hope 
you are now enjoying Hweet breezes under Calwich 
trees, ajjd my dcai' little Mary playing on the grass 
under your eye ; she is too much a jewel to be trusted 
out of sight, and though the boys are as valuable, you 
must be a little weaned from them, as their different 
education must call them from you. '' 

Mr». Dclaiiij to Bernard OranviBe, Jitq. 

DelTllle, 15 July, 1750. 

1 had the pleasure last packet of receiving my 

dearest brother's letter from Calwich, and hope the 

violent heat we have had has made your hay, ripened 

youi' fruit, and done you all the good imaginable ; but I 


don't pity yoii, (though it has been almost intolerably 
sultry,) who have such trees to shade and such reviving 
cascades to cool you. 1 never enjoyed Delville m> mudi 
as I have done this year, there having hardly been a 
day that I could not live in the garden from morning 
till night. I am in hopes, according to my sister s bst 
letter, that this will find you together. Now I have told 
you how much enjoyment I have had of Delville, I most 
tell you we ai-e on the brink of leaving it. For fiome 
days past I have been sending all sorts of houaehold 
goods and stores for Mount Panther, and propose leaving 
this on Tuesday next. D.D. is finishing alterations in 
his garden, and giving directions for what is to bo done 
in his absence. I am preservijiyj picklbuj^ and papering, 
&c., &c., &c., &c., and giving directions to my maids ; 
and I have just spruced up a little apartment for you, 
come when you please. I liave a thousand times re- 
solved iiever to my a word more on this subject ; it looks like 
teazing, but I do not mean it so : my heart is fulli aiid 
wishing to see you in a place where, I thank (Sod, I 
find myself very happy in every respect hid that of iBkft 
seeing a few very dcaj* friemls ! 

Last Tuesday Mr. Fox and Lady Caroline, and tke 
Vesey family 1)reakfasted here. Lady Grandiflon wa» 
brought to bed the day before yesterday of a son — gveat 
joy. I hope it will live, it is the GM child and none aim. 
The present talk of Dublin is of Mr. Tilson's marriage 
with Lady Kerry* last Thm-sday — ^nobody suspected it; 
he is a very lively, gay man, and she rather of the insipid 

1 Countess of Kerry.— Lady Gertrude Lambert, daughter of Bichud, Rirl flf 
Cavaii, married first, June 29, 1738, William, Earl of Kerry, and 2Dd, Jj 

Tilsoii, Ks<i. 

OF MHS. DELiNY. 571 

strain. Mise Hamilton is my confectioner to-day, and 
is at tins time making orange-flower bread of my otrm 
orange jUncerfi, of which I am not a little proud; I am 
called to assist, but must first tell you that I have sent 
to Mr. Luke Gavin, merchant at Chester, a barrel of 
sbclle, a mixture of all sorts, let them bo separated as 
you unpack them ; I have done it in packing tbem iw 
well as I could, and now I leave you to your works and 
go to mine. The beet of services and wishes attend 
Calwi^ from Delville- -^ . . . 
giHVfiC'I ->!oqoT(i fj(i*i ,f-jill(ui'l JitiiuH «ui yours, 
«i utofl^iMlj; -^xvih'wW "i «'I.fT .1/ M. Dblani. 
onnjj aJ oJ ai ■ '■ - ". ■■ ■ 

■'''"'"' ' ' " (IMed " Dtlvafe* cvidifiiUff hj malitke.) 

•21 July, irw). 

I know my dearest sister wisheB to hear if I am safe 
at my journey's end : thank God we are ! We arrived 
a littJe fatigued last night ; but a g^ood night's rest 
has refreshed us, and we are both very well. We bad 
intended staying some days with Mrs. Forde in our 
neighbourhood, not thinking we should find our habita- 
tion so fit for our reception as it is ; but as there were 
many things to settle, which could not very well be 
done without D.D, and my directing them, we thought 
it best to refet here. We shall dine to-day at Seaforde, 
and to-morrow at Downpatrick. You who have had 
the experience of such affairs, can figure to yourself, 
my present bustle — trunks, hampers, unpacking, hay 
flying all over the house ; everybody scrambling 
for their things, asking a thousand questions, as 
" Wh^^rf is this to bo put?" — " What shall we do for 


such, and such, and such a thing?** However, tlie 
hurry is pretty well over, the dust subsides, the clamours 
cease, and I am hurried away to dress; I am really 
surprised at Smith's thorough cleverness in going 
through her work — she has got everything almost in 
as much order as if she had been here a week. 

Mrs. Dewes to Mr, QranvUh. 

Welflbofom, 24 Julj, 17ML 

I hope to have the happiness of seeing you soon, but 
as Mr. Dewes is now at Mapleburrough I can't fix my 
day, and he is so desirous of having as much of your 
company as he can, that I believe we shall come togedier ; 
and since you are so good to permit me I will bring the 
little girl, but desire you to mind her no more than the 
favourites we used to have of another kind, Fripcng^ 
Doff^ &c. ; and indeed I don't suffer her to be so trouble* 
some as tliei/ sometimes were. She is in the whole pretty 
well, but is subject to a little cough, which I believe your 
good air will take quite off. I shall leave tlie boys 
together to learn French before they go to school, $iid 
the maid I took in town seems a sober body, and 1 dare 
say will be careful of them, and she has another to 
assist her. Mr. Dewes is gone for two or three days 
to set his tythes, which is always a troublesome work. 

I have been contriving a Staffordshire oven ill my 
kitchen chimney. I heard yesterday from my sister, who 
is well. In hopes of seeing you soon I will add no 
more but compliments as due to and from all friends. 


twli ,1d70Wl»H 

jf-iii iiiis.l-^ _'.]'t Mti. Vewei to Bernard OranvilU,Eiq, 

Wdabonrn, E8 July, 1750. 

I thank God I can tell yaw, my dear brother, that 
Court is siirprlzingly mended, and no lameness (which I 
greatly dreaded) or any inconvenience remains from liis 
fall, only the bruisea a little sore ; and the poor thing 
looks sadly in the face, but he is very brisk, and has 
been abroad. Indeed it is miraculous that be was not 
killed, and I cannot think of it without trembling, and 
endeavour to recollect it as little as possible, and hope 
to banish all melancholy thoughts by the pleasuro of 
your company. Though so many tilings happen iu my 
family to prevent my designs, / luipe m'thing mil lunc 
deprive me of the happiness I propose iu being at Cal- 
wich some day the week after next, wliicb will be about 
the 9th or lOtb of August; I can't fix the day, but 
shall write again. Mr. Dewes cannot have the pleasure 
of going with me, for his building will not be covered 
in this fortnight and he must not (eave his workmen, 
but he hojjes to follow nie. If I don't hear I shall set 
out, and take your kind permission of bringing my little 
girl, who has a little cough still but is otherways well ; 
I propose to have a pair of horses to add to our own, 
which I believe will draw the chariot with so little lug- 
gage as I have occasion for. 

Doctor Barber called here on bis way to Ireland, and 
loft Mr. Kinersley very well at Cheltenham. 

These letters from Mrs. Dewc« to her brother are intereating, 
as showing the very formal way in which Mr. Gianville was treated 
by Ilia sisters ; and as it does not appear that Ann Granville ever dis- 
pk-ascd him, some idea may be formed by her style of addressing him 


of his power of tiying the feelings of Mhl Delfmy by oold w 
after she had offended him by her marriage with D& Dalanj ; the 
ceremonious manner in which he was addressed, would not be at all 
surprising if there was anything ie«ufe# form in these letleiai but 
there is not ; and as the correspondence of the sisters with each other 
shows haw much they cared for him, it is evident that Mrs. Dewcs 
would have written more if she had dared. 

* Moma rtotber, 28 Julj, 175a 

The 26th of this month was remembered, xuy. dearest 
sister, with every wish the heart eould form for your long 
enjoyment of every earthly blessing ; it was not oale- 
brated with song and dance and other external expres- 
sions of joy, but with every oblation of true and perfect 
friendship. We asked our good frienda the Fwdee to 
dine with us on that day, but Mrs. F. had a bad ooM 
and could not come, and Mr. Forde staid at home to 
take care of her, so they sent us three of their daughters 
and one of their sons, a young comet; v&ry pretty 
young people, modest and sensible, especially my 
favorite, Cherry, who used to spend some time with me, 
but I am afraid her eldest brother^s wedding will rob 
me of her thissimuner. He is going to be married to an 
agreeable young woman, Miss Knox,' with ten thoueaDd 
pounds fortune ; the wedding is to be next wedc, at 
the young lady's father s, and I hope they will all oome 
together to Seaforde, which will make our neighbo^ 
hood very lively. Mr. Forde, the father, has done 
very generously by his son, has settled £2100 a year 

1 Klizalvtb, daughUT of Thomas Knox, Esq., and sistor of Thomafk iK 
Viscnunt Nortblin(l,n]arrii*«i Mattlicw Forde, of Searoidc, Esq.. county Bom. 

OF M119. DELANY. 675 

on faim; £1000 per ann. at present, and his hoose at 
Seaforde fnrnished ns it stands — which is a fine settle- 
ment for a man who has six sons and three daughters; 
but there is one etror which most fatliers run into, and 
that ia In providing too little for daughters; young 
men have a thousand ways of improving a little for- 
tune, by professions and employments, if they have 
good friends, but young gentlewomen have no way, 
the fortune settled on them is all they are to expect 
— they are incapable of making an addition.' 

I suppose you are at this time at Calwich, though I 
will not venture to direct this letter there ; but as I shall 
-\vrito to-day to ray brother, that will give you an ac- 
count of us and serve till this travels to you. I am glad 
you have thoughts of taking my Pauline with you ; I 
am sure my brother will be diverted with her drollery, 
and she will be vastly happy, and I think a li'ttlf wean- 
ini] her from the boys {as she is growing too old to 
be tlieir constant playfellow) will do very well. D.D. 
begs little Bunny's excuse for not answering his ques- 
tion about the verse out of the 137th Psalm ; the truth 
is he was always so busy on the d