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Gc M.L 








3 1833 01723 6305 


Late Captain 12th Regiment U. S. Colored Infantry. 
Farmer, Merchant. 




Captain W. S. CAIN 

Biographical Sketches of Relatives 
Reminiscences of 1 86 1 - 1 865 

Also Some Opinions and Reflections Concerning 
Public Duty 

Monotyped and Printed by 

Crane Ac Company 

To pe ka 



Copyright 1908, 

By W. S. Cain, 

Atchison, Kansas 


Preface, . . • • ■ 

Chapter 1, . • • • 

Chapter 2, . . ■ • 

Chapter 3, . • - • 

Chapter 4, . . ■ ■ 

Chapter 5, . • • ■ 

Chapter 6, . • ■ • 

Chapter 7, . ■ • ■ 
Chapter 8, 

Chapter 9, ■ ■ • 

Chapter 10, • • - ■ 

Chapter 11, . ■ ■ • 

Chapter 12, . . • • 

Exhibits — War Record, 



. 11 

. 17 

. 23 

. 31 

. 35 

. 42 

. 47 

. 53 

. 61 

. 71 

. 75 

. 79 



William Stephen Cain, Frontispiece 

Malew Pari^;h Church, page 10 

Elizabeth Stephen Mylchreest, 16 

John William Cain, 23 

Ann Mylchreest Cain, 30 

Captain William Stephen Cain and Family, 34 

John William Cain 2cl, 45 

John Mylchreest Cain, 46 

Ralph Rust Cain, 48 

Alfred Daniel Cain, 52 

Douglas Mylchreest Cain, 54 

John Milton Cain, 60 

William Quiggin Cain and Alfred Xeerman Cain, . . . .62 

Victor Athol Cain, 70 

Herbert Stanley Cain, 74 

Arthur Samuel Cain, ' 78 

John William Cain 3d, 80 


Since I began to write preparatory notes for this 
book I have submitted copy to my friends for criticism, 
and they have shown no hesitation in saying "Cut that 
out," "You have not got the facts about So-and-so 
exactly right," "This has no place in a book of this 
sort," and so on. 

Conscious of my own infirmities, I must write as I 
see, have seen, and understood the panorama of life 
as it has appeared to me. 

This hook will be read in homes in England and the 
Isle of Man, by friends whose good opinion I esteem. 
Some of them have thought me too outspoken in my 
denunciation of England's attitude in permitting war- 
vessels to fit out in her ports during our Civil War. 
My position is like this: When I married I did not 
cease to love my mother, but I had taken a new obli- 
gation, a new duty ; in like manner, when, in accord- 
ance with the laws of the United States of America, 
I became a citizen, I did not do so with any reservation, 
but v^ith an honest determination to do my v/hole duty 
toward a people who have treated me generously, and 



yet with nothing but love and good-will toward the 
government under which I was born, and "our own 
dear- Elian Vanin with her green hills by the sea." 

The book will be a mixed affair, mostly autobiog- 
raphy, with some reflections on public affairs as I see 
them; some biographical sketches of members of our 
family; a few letters showing our attitude during the 
great Civil War. 

As my connection with the U. S. Army was the 
greatest self-sacrifice of my life, and also of my brother 
John's life, I dwell on it more than upon all the other 
comparatively uneventful years. 

I shall try to avoid offense while relating the truth 
as it was revealed to me. 



In ^which my father and mother were baptized and married. Many of my ances- 
tors are buried in this churchyard. The sun-dial on the church has a Manx 
inscription, which in the English version reads as follows: "For we are strangers 
before thee, and sojourners, as were all our fathers. Our days on the earth are as 
a shadow, and there is none abiding." 



So FAR as I know clearly, the following is the genealogy 
of our family : 

William Cain. John Mylchreest. 

Elenor Clague. Elizabeth Stephen. 

John William Cain; baptized June 12. 180S. 
Ann Mylchreest; baptized June 6, 1808. 

EUen Cain, 

Elizabeth Cain, 

John Mylchreest Cain. 
Sarah A. Patterson; died August 12, 

James M. Cain; died Nov. 26th, 1886. 
John Mylchreest Cain. 
Marj' Ann Shillicorn ; died Sept. 

18th, 1874. 
John Mylchreest Cain. 

Lucy Neerman. 

Iss lie. 
Eva Cain. 
Ralph R. Cain. 
Rorence Cain. 
John Milton Cain. 
William Quiggin Cain. 
Alfred Xeerman Cain. 


William Stephen Cain. 
Ann Cowley; died April 

26, 1870." 
William Stephen Cain. 
Susan Adaline Crouch. 

Elizabeth Mylchreest Cain. 
Cora Jane Cain. 

John William Cain; 

August 10th. 190.5. 
Susan Adaline Cain; 

Sept. 17, 1888. 



Alfred Daniel Cain. 
Mary Ann Molyneux. 

Eleanor Cain. 
Emma Molyneux Cain. 
AUred Ernest Cain; died 
May 28th. 1875. 



Douglas Mylchreest Cain. 

Mona Quiggin Cain. 

Victor Athol Cain. 

Herbert Stanley Cain. 

Arthur Samuel Cain. 

Ruth Chesterman Cain. 

John William Cain. 
"Ralph R. Cain. Eleanor Cain. Douglas M. Cain. 

Stella Weston. W. A. McKelvey. Lucy Adams Taliaferro. 

Issue. Issue. Issue. 

Weston Cain. Alfred Douglas McKelvey. Catherine Cain. 

Elizabeth Cain. Addison Pride McKelvej'. 

Mona McKelvey. 
Eva Cain. Herbert Stanley Cain. 

Foster Branson. Edna Perkins. 

Issue. Issue. 

Florence Branson. Edna Perkins Cain. 

Francis Cain. 

The chief thought in my mind in regard to this 
book was to draw together the descendants of John 
William Cain and his wife, Ann Mylchreest Cain, in 
loving and respectful remembrance of their lives. 

On the second day of January, 1898, I called to see 
my brother, Alfred Daniel Cain, who seemed at that 
time about to die, although he rallied later, and lived 
until the 27th; and the conversation I had v»ith him 
then impressed me so much I noted it in my diary : "It 
will not be long until the last of the older Cains are 
gone." ''I want the children to be kind, generous 
and true." "If they stumble onto riches, make good 
use of it." "Riches are not important. I would like 
to see them independent, and maintain the honor of 
the family." 


Recently, realizing the uncertainty of life and the 
necessity of immediate action, I wrote the Vicar of 
Malew, near Ballasalla, Isle of Man, for information 
concerning our family as it appears on the records of 
our old parish church, and have received this day 
(March 16, 1908), some information and some in- 
scriptions upon the tombstones in the churchyard of 
Kirk Malew, together with the names of all the vicars 
of Malew since 1368. 

The Vicar of Malew, in forwarding the certificate 
of baptism of my father and mother, writes me: ''It 
is interesting to note this remarkable coincidence: 
Your father and mother were baptized the same month, 
and their names follow each other on the register. 
That is, a baby girl was baptized from Ballamoda, and 
the next baptism was a baby boy from Castletown, 
and these two, when they grew up, were married." 
I append a copy of the Certificate of Baptism. 

When Baptl^ed\ Ch}l^'\Chris- \ Parents' Xame. 

^ tian ^ame. 

Christian. ' Surname. 

ISOS. : Ann, j ,.Tohu and Mylchrcest. 

June 6th. Daughter of Elizabeth Stephen. 

William and Cain. 

] Son of I Elenor ' Clague. 

I, Vicar of the Pari;sh of Malew. in the Isle of Man, do hereby certify 
that the foregoing Is a true copy of an entry made in the Baptismal 
Register of the said parish. 

Witness my hand, this 0th day of March, in the year, 1908. 

J. M. Spicer. 



Ann, wife of J. W. Cain. 
Died June, 1867, aged 59 years. 

Elizabt^th Mylchreest, otherwise Stephen, widow of John Myl- 
chreest, died February 2oth, 185S, aged 72 ^-ears. 

John Mylchreest. died Xovember 24th. 1836. aged 56 years. 
"He said. Suffer little children to come unto me." 
And four infants of John and Ann Cain went. 
Five vet remain. O Lord, let not our children be separated. 
Our dear Ellen joined their Angels. Born 1833; died 1856. 

While upon the subject of tombstone inscriptions, 
the following are in Mount Vernon, Atchison county, 

Sacred to the Memory of 

John William Cain, 

Born in Castletown. Isle of Man,. 

April 6th, 1808. 

Died in Atchison, Kansas, 

February 24th, 1888. 

He settled in Atchison County in 1856. 

Respected and loved as Parent and Friend. 

Also in loving remembrance of 

Ann Mylchreest Cain, 

Beloved wife of John William Cain. 

Born in Ballamoda. near Castletown, Isle of Man, 

and whose remains were interred in the family 

burial-ground at Kirk Malew Church, Isle of Man. 

" Her children arise aifd call her blessed ; 

her husband also, and he praLseth her." 

John M. Cajn, 

July 30th, 1839; 

December 5th, 1897. 

Alfred Daniel Cain. 

Castletown, Isle of Man, 

May nth, 1845; 


January 27th, 1898. 


In Memorj- of 
Samh A., wife of John M. Cain, 
Died August 12th, 1S72. aged 28 3-ears 9 months. 
James M., son of J. ^I. and Sarah A. Cain; 
Died Xov. 26, 1886. aged 17 years 7 months 17 days. 

Sacred to the Memory of 

Ann Cowley, wife of W. S. Cain; 

Died April 26th, 1870, aged 27 years. 

Sacred to the Memorj' of 
Addio, daughter of W. S. and Susan A. Cain. 

who departed this life 
September 17th. 1888, aged 10 years 4 months. 

In Memory of Alfred Earnest, son of 
A. D. and M. A. M. Cain. Born May 13, 1S75; died May 2S, 1875 

Sacred to the Memory of 

Mary Ann Cain, otherwise Shillicorn, 

beloved wife of John M. Cain. 

Born in Liverpool, England. 

Died in Atchison. Kansas, Sept. 18th, 1874, 

in the 25th year of her age. 



It was an inspiration to nobleness cf !ife to have been blessed with her 
gentle, dignified example and precept in childhood and youth, and I feel sure 
that her influence on her posterity will yet produce men and women who will 
prove themselves worthy of their descent, in America, New Zealand, and her 
native land. 


My Grandmother Cain died when Father was a small 
boy, and he said little about her to me; but while I 
was in the Bendigo gold mines in Australia I met a 
cousin of Father's — Richard Comish, who was a very 
enthusiastic admirer of Grandmother Comish-Cain. 
Said she was the nicest woman that was ever in the 
Cain family. I told Father what Comish said, and 
he smiled as he replied: "Mother was kind-hearted, 
and my Aunt Comish's family were quite poor, and 
when Dick came to our house Mother would give him 
something good to eat, and talk kindly to him, and it 
made a lasting impression on him." 

In a recent letter from my Mother's only surviving 
sister, Mrs. Giles Metcalf, of Wallesey, Cheshire, Eng- 
land, she says: "Your Grandmother Cain died before 
my time, but I remember your Grandfather Cain as a 
little clean-looking man, wearing knee-breeches, with 
a little dog, *Mona,' running alongside of him." 

My Grandfather William Cain was a marble-cutter, 
having a marble quarry at Poolvash, near Castletown. 
The steps of St. Paul's, London, are from the same 
strata. In his early manhood Grandfather Cain was 
an English privateersman, and was taken prisoner by 



the French after an engagement at sea. He was kept 
as a prisoner of war at or near Paris for a long time. 
During the time he was in prison his relatives were 
permitted to send him many articles of food and 
clothing, which helped to mitigate the severity of his 
imprisonment. After peace was declared the prisoners 
of war were released, and he returned to the Isle- of 
Man. Although past the usual age to learn a trade, 
he served an apprenticeship to the marble-cutting and 
tombstone work, which he continued until age forced 
him to retire. I have a dim recollection of him when 
I was a little boy: very good to me, but rather an 
austere man; a Methodist class-leader whose home 
was always open to the Methodist preachers, whom 
he entertained liberally, and It may seem inconsistent 
at this time, but he always placed a decanter of spirits 
upon the table, and the Methodist ministers of that 
time would hold the glass up and compliment him on 
the quality and purity of the liquors; but he would 
not allow my father to taste it. This example of men 
my father was taught to respect, created a desire in 
him which he was able later to gratify. 

While we have prisoner-of-war associations in the 
United States, honored on both sides of the late Civil 
War, public opinion in the Isle of Man and England 
frowned on men who surrendered on land or sea. 
They were not esteemed heroic. 


My Grandfather John Mylchreest died in 1836, the 
same year in which I was born, and I never knew but 
little about him. My Aunt, Mrs. Metcalf, writes me: 
"'My Father was one of three children, two sons and one 
daughter. He was the younger brother, and was 
being educated for the Church when his older brother 
died and he became heir to Ballamoda. He was a most 
conscientious and upright man." 

My Grandmother Mylchreest was the most lovable 
woman I ever met, — kind, courteous, gentle, and yet 
her authority in her household was unquestioned. She 
had a natural dignity and command that made all 
her children and grandchildren look up to her. I think 
if I were the head of the Church and were permitted to 
name a new saint, it would be Elizabeth Mylchreest 
of Ballamoda, the mother of 13. children, numerous 
grandchildren. With all the cares and perplexities 
of making a living out of the farm, she went to her 
duties every day with a cheerful countenance. No 
matter how pressing the work on the farm was, she 
had plenty of time to have family prayer, morning 
and evening; no sign of haste or hurry about it. All 
the children and any of us grandchildren — who fre- 
quently visited her — and the men-servants and maid- 
servants, all knelt together while grandmother prayed 
in the Manx language; and yet there was not a vestige 
of what we call sanctimoniousness about her. A busy 


woman all the time, yet she seemed to have lots of 
time to entertain us little ones when we came to visit 
her. Sixty years ago there were no poorhouses in the 
Isle of Man. The poor went from door to door begging. 
A poor palsied paralytic named Walter Dun would be 
placed in a little donkey-cart by his friends, and then 
proceed on his rounds for charity. .On one occasion 
he came to Ballamoda. The weather was inclement, 
and the servants all busy. Grandmother gathered 
the poor paralytic in her arms, carried him into the 
house, gave him some nourishing food, some more to 
carry home, and put him back in his little cart rejoic- 
ing. He was a devout Catholic, she a devout Metho- 


Founder of our family in Atchison, Kansas. He was a man who exemplified 

in his life that teaching of Holy "Writ, "to do justly and to 

love mercy, and to walk humbly 

be ore God." 


John William Cain was born in Castletown, Isle of 
Man, April 1, 1808, and was the only son of William 
Cain and his wife Elenor Clague Cain. John William 
Cain, like most youths of his station in life, served an 
apprenticeship to the house-carpenter business. After 
learning his trade he worked at it for a short time in 
Liverpool, to obtain a better understanding of the 
trade. Returning to the Isle of Man he established a 
carpenter business in Castletown, employing a few 
men. In the year 1832 he was married to Ann Myl- 
chreest, daughter of John Mylchreest and his wife 
Elizabeth Stephen Mylchreest of Ballamoda, near 
Castletown. My Aunt Sophie writes me: "I have 
quite a recollection of their marriage day. It was a 
large wedding. I remember seeing them coming from 
church in the gigs that were mostly used by the farmers. 
There were a great many ladies on horseback in long 
riding habits." Some time later he began to import 
Norwegian pine lumber, and was prosperous in busi- 

Nine children were born to Father and Mother. 
Four died in infancy; sister Ellen died in 1856, and 
the other four came to Kansas at different times. 


In 1852, during the excitement attending the dis- 
covery of gold in Australia, Father determined to try 
our fortunes there, and at the same time sever certain 
social habits and associations that were proving in- 
jurious to him and his family. So Father and I sailed 
on the "Merlin" from Liverpool May 25th, 1852, and 
arrived in Melbourne early in September, and soon 
started for the Bendigo gold mines. The labor and 
social conditions in the mines were a disappointment 
to Father, and we soon returned to Melbourne, where 
his ability as a carpenter and builder found plenty of 
employment; but his health failing, he returned to 
the Isle of Man about a year later, and I, after some 
success in the mines, returned to the Isle of Man in 
March, 1855, and left for the United States July 16th 
of the same year, going to Iowa county, Wisconsin, 
w^here I bought some land. Something over a year 
later. Father and my brother John concluded to come 
to the United States, and arrived in Mineral Point, 
Wis., in October, 1856. After a family council, and 
upon the judgment of Fathe^, we concluded to come 
to Kansas, leaving John with the baggage until we 
could secure a location, which we accomplished in 
Atchison county early in November, when Father 
returned to Wisconsin and got John and our goods, 
and reached Kansas just before the river closed in 
November, 1856. 


We kept bachelor's hall while holding our landed 
claims and taking an active part in the development 
of a sound public sentiment, and in the formation of 
social order in Atchison county; and when the war 
came and ended, and through all the vicissitudes of 
our State's history, Father was so invariably right in 
his conclusions that I learned to have great respect 
for his sound judgment and sterling honesty, and deem 
his memory worthy of the best honors his posterity 
can show him. As Justice of the Peace in Mount 
Pleasant township for six years, most of it during the 
disturbed conditions of civil war, he had on different 
occasions most of the young lawyers of Atchison, w^ho 
afterward became prominent, pleading in his court, 
and I have no recollection of any of his decisions being 
reversed, although several appeals were made. 

While he believed in the widest latitude of opinion, 
he drew the line in regard to my right as a naturalized 
citizen to antagonize questions of United States policy 
which were accepted by all political parties before I 
came to America ; as for instance, the Monroe doctrine. 
He was not always a believer in the accepted dogmas 
of the Church, but he thought as their teaching tended 
to morality and good citizenship, and as the United 
States was originally settled by the missionary element 
of the Roman, Anglican and Puritan churches, and 
their teaching accepted by practically the whole people, 


the Christian religion was, de facto, the established re- 
ligion of America, and it was bad form and taste to 
publicly antagonize it; and he regretted on his death- 
bed that some of his most esteemed associates did so, — 
but he believed they only hurt themselves. 

It was my duty and privilege to be with him in 
his final illness, and upon the night in which he died I 
sat with him. We both knew that the end was near. 
I asked him if he had any fear of death. He replied, 
quite calmly: ''No, William; the same God who 
brought me into this world for His own wise purpose 
is about to take me away. He knows what is best." 
His mind seemed to grow in harmony with the change 
coming on. Once he said, as I lifted him up and tried 
to make him easier, "I am very weak." A little later, 
''Bless the Lord/' Earlier in the night he recited in a 
clear calm voice the whole of the solemn hymn, No. 
418 of the Hymnal: 

"O God, our help in ages past, 
Our hope for years to come; 
Our shelter from the stormy blast. 
And our eternal home.'' 

He passed away quietly at 8 A. M., February 24th^ 


(From the Isle of Man "Examiner," Jnne 6, 1908.) 



The Vicar has received from Mr. W. S. Cain, of Atchison. Kansas,. 

U. S. A., the gift of a brass ewer, to be used at baptisms. This e\ver„ 

which Ls beautifully embossed, bears an inscription which explains- 


the purpose of the gift as follows: ''To the praise and glory of Gt)cl^ 
and in loving remembrance of John Wm. Cain, Vjaptised June 12th, 
1S08, and his wife, Ann Mylchreest Cain, baptised June 6th, 1808. 
Presented on the centennial of their baptism in Malew Church by 
their children and their sons' widows and grandchildren. Whit 
Sunday, 1908. Atchison, Kansas, U. S. A." 

When I was a little boy Father seemed to have a 
desire to attend St. Mary's, the established church. 
Mother insisted upon all us children going to the 
Wesleyan Methodist Chapel Sunday School and preach- 
ing. It was a pleasant relief to the writer when Father 
took me with him to St. Mary's. I always felt in 
harmony with the service there, and liked to walk 
with Father and Parson Parsons in the long summer 
evenings to our gardens at Ballalough ; they w^ere ad- 
joining, and in these walks Father and the Parson 
would discuss the sermon of the previous Sunday. 

Father took pains to try to overcome the tendency 
to make cowards of us which he feared Mother's ner- 
vousness would develop, and when a thunder-storm 
occurred would take us out to look at the beautiful 
fireworks coming out of the clouds. 

I remember a severe storm that occurred on oar 
voyage from Cape Town, South Africa, to Australia. 
A very severe gust of wind and sea combined to nearly 
swamp the ship. Dr. Wilson was washed overboard 
and drowned. Great masses of water came down the 
hatches and ventilators, and the ship trembled like 
a person with the chills. I was a boy, just sixteen. 


and the cries and prayers of the women and men un- 
nerved me. I said to Father, "I am very nervous." 
He replied, ''Who told you that you had nerves? 
Where are they? Show them to me. Suppress your 
imaginary fears." 

Very different was his manner on the 9th of May, 
1861, when our new house was destroyed. John and 
Father were on the far side of the farm, planting corn. 
I had been ploughing near the house with a yoke of 
oxen. When I saw the storm coming, I turned the 
oxen loose and went upstairs in the house to shut the 
windows, which I had just accomplished when it be- 
came suddenly dark. The house trembled and jolted. 
I caught hold of the roof-plate to steady myself, and 
was immediately knocked senseless. When I recovered 
consciousness part of the weatherboards caught under 
the ruins of the brick chimney were whipping me with 
the strong wind, and the hail beating in my face. 
Father and John, who had saved themselves in an old 
log cabin banked high with soil, came up to search 
for me. When Father saw' me he shouted, "Thank. 
God ! Will is all right. Never mind the house — we can 
get another." 

The most lovable name next to Jesus and God is Mother. 


Her children arise up and call her blessed ; her husband also, 

and he praiseth her." 


My Mother— how shall I describe her? Not a large 
woman, nor yet noticeably small ; with a gentle voice, 
and very fond of her husband and children; an ex- 
cellent housekeeper, and a good cook; a good dress- 
maker for herself and children, with clear ideas about 
domestic economy; yielding implicitly in most things 
to the strong man her husband, but firm as a rock when 
her conscience demanded. 

As little children we were all taught by her to shun 
intoxicating liquor of every sort. 

I recall many very happy evenings in our snug little 
parlor in Grandfather's house, when Mother would 
lead us little tots in singing some simple little songs of 
the Church, such as ''There is a happy land, far, far 
away. Where saints in glory stand," or "Canaan is a 
happy land; Won't you go, to the land of Canaan?" 
and when bedtime came each of us had to kneel at her 
knee and recite the Lord's Prayer and ask a blessing 
on Father and Mother and all for whom we should 
pray. Our little hands had to be clasped, and all these 
exercises were very reverent. 

But little boys are not always good, and we would 



sometimes go to some dangerous rocks to fish without 
permission. When we would get home we were on the 
penitential stool. We would get a good quiet talking 
to, and be ordered off to bed without supper. If John 
was with me fishing, as happened sometimes, we had 
to go to our room on the third floor, and if we were 
not hungry we would go to playing Punch and Judy 
with the pillows. But hunger was our normal con- 
dition: then we would begin to cry, and after a while 
a little gentle footstep would be heard on the stairs, 
and the best of mothers would ask if we were sorry 
for being so naughty. Oh, yes, we were sorry. "Will 
you promise to try and not disobey any more?" We 
would promise, and then get a nice little supper, and 
her blessing to sleep on. 

Just when Father had got every thing arranged to 
return to the Isle of Man, Mother was taken very ill, 
and died June 10th, 1867. 

, My Sister Ellen was a vei'y sensible young woman ; 
a confectioner in Liverpool when she was stricken with 
a fatal disease, and died in a few m.onths, a firm be- 
liever in the Christian faith. 

My Sister Elizabeth is about [the only good [old- 
fashioned Methodist left in the famiJy. When you 
see her and know her, I may say in most respects you 


see the type of our Mother, our Grandmother Myl- 
chreest, and our Great-grandmother Stephen. They 
were all Wesleyan Methodists of the original type, 
devout, self-sacrificing, dutiful, noble women, who 
really believed and lived lives in accordance. 

All our family owe a debt of gratitude to my Sister 
Elizabeth for the tender care and loving ministration 
she bestowed on Mother while she lived, and when 
Mother was called away she transferred all her love 
and care to Father, and he appreciated it, for in his 
will he made special provision for her, and joined with 
her and all of us in receiving the blessed sacrament 
from Bishop Abiel Leonard a short time before he died. 



The author of this family record was born in Castle- 
town, Isle of Man, April 17th, 1836, and attended a 
number of select schools, beginning with the Miss 
Finnigans and ending when about fourteen years of 
age with instruction in French-Dancing-Singing-De- 
portment, Sword exercise. School of the Soldier, and 
the theory and practice of scaling fortifications, by 
Professor Bamford, whose Mother was reader co Queen 
Charlotte. I was never able to scale any forts on the 
Professor's theory and practice while a soldier, but 
think some of the lessons in fencing, school of the soldier 
and deportment did me some good. After being 
polished up by Professor Bamford I clerked in my 
father's lumber yard, and acted as salesman when he 
was absent, until I was sixteen years old, when Father 
and I prepared for our voyage to Australia in the 
clipper ship "Merlin." On the voyage to Australia 
we ran close to Madeira and sent some mail off there, 
and later lay close inshore at Cape Town, but made 
no landing or effort to send mail ashore. After leav- 
ing South Africa we had stormy weather until we passed 
St. Paul's Island, but arrived in Port Philip Bay in 
good shape. 



We found Melbourne a busy town, full of emigrants 
and miners; but we soon left it for the mines. A very 
little mining satisfied Father, and we returned to Mel- 
bourne, where we soon obtained employment. Later, 
Father got to contracting for building in connection 
with William Cain, who afterward became Mayor of 
Melbourne. About a year later, Father's health fail- 
ing, he returned to the Isle of Man and I went back to 
the gold mines, where I had a little success; but on 
the 4th of December, 1854, I sailed for England on 
the "Marco Polo." We ran into quite a storm near 
the coast of New Zealand, and got into great fields of 
icebergs south of Cape Horn. On the 25th of January, 
1855, we sighted the Island of Trinidad ; and landed 
at the Prince's dock, Liverpool, on March 1st, 1855. 
Went to the Isle of Man March 10th, and on July 13th 
I left the Isle of Man for Liverpool, and sailed July 
16th for New^ York, on the "Ontario." Arrived in 
New York September 1st, 1855, and took the boat 
for Albany same day. Arrived in Mineral Point, 
Wisconsin, September 8th, 1855. Started for Kansas 
October 23d, 1856, with Father, who had recently ar- 
rived in Wisconsin with Brother John. After some 
accidents on the Illinois Railroad we got to St. Louis 
and took a boat for Leavenworth, Kansas. Arrived 
the last of October, and started northwest next day 
to locate on Government land. On the 3d of Novem- 


ber Father bought Mr. Blank's claim, north of the 
Henry Rust place, for $200, and I went to boarding 
with Moses Greenough until Father returned from 
Wisconsin with John and our goods. We had the usual 
experience of new settlers in a new country who did 
not understand the climate or how to farm. 

The Civil War coming on, I made an effort, in con- 
junction with A. S. Speck, Asa Barnes, C. A. Wood- 
worth and others to raise a company under the first 
call of President Lincoln, and succeeded on April 27th, 
1861, in perfecting our organization by the election of 
A. S. Speck Captain, Asa Barnes 1st Lieutenant, and 
W. S. Cain 2d Lieutenant; but our State's quota was 
filled and our company was not accepted, and dis- 

After some irregular service during the summer I 
enrolled in Company "C," 8th Kansas Infantry, Sep- 
tember 10th, 1861, and was mustered into the U, S. 
Army for three years or during the war at Fort Leaven- 
worth, September 19th, 1861. On the 21st we marched 
back to Atchison, and on the.22d we went to the Meth- 
odist Church and heard a good sermon by Rev. Mr. 
Wentz, from the text, "For there is no discharge in 
this war." On the 23d we were ordered back to Fort 
Leavenworth, to repel a threatened attack. Later 
we were marched to Fort Riley, to relieve some regular 
troops, and remained at Fort Riley until the early 


spring of 1862. While at Fort Riley a paper published 
at Junction Cit}^ described our companj^ as "Lincoln 
hirelings," "the scum of the Missouri River," &c. 
Our men were not yet under the discipline which we 
achieved later. Much talk and threats against the 
Junction City editor and paper made me think it pru- 
dent to go up to Junction City and ask the leading 
citizens to persuade the editor to cease his attacks on 
the Government and our garrison at Fort Riley. The 
next issue came out worse than any previous one, and 
at night a number of men went quietly from their 
quarters to Junction City, destroyed the press and shot 
the editor, who later died of his wounds. I was blamed 
for the affair, but have never known who the men 
were who made the outbreak, and had nothing more 
than I have stated to do with the affair; but I have 
never hesitated to condemn the permitted publication 
of treason during civil war. 

Later, a young West Point officer had one of our 
men tied up by the thumbs for a trivial offense. Some 
of the men were drinking and excited, and rushed to 
quarters and got their guns and forced the guard to 
cut the man down, and turned on all the officers of the 
post and company and drove them under fire from 
the post. The orderly sergeant came to me and said 
he was sick, and asked me to take charge of the com- 
pany. I did so, and with the help of th.e sober men I 


soon had 26 men and non-commissioned officers in the 
guardhouse, but not until I was fired upon and barely- 
missed by one of the most excited sergeants. All the 
officers were glad to let the matter drop, but we were 
immediately ordered to march for Fort Leavenworth, 
where Major Prince was in command with a garrison 
of regular troops. We were kept very busy drilling 
and with false alarms of attack, so that our company- 
became very good soldiers when we were ordered 
south, and left Fort Leavenworth on the first Monday 
in February, 1863, and were quartered in Benton 
Barracks, St. Louis, Mo., for a few days, when we were 
put on board the transport Lancaster No. 3, and sent 
up the Cumberland river. Landed at Fort Donelson 
to repel a threatened attack, but were soon sent on to 
Nashville, Tenn., where we remained until the for- 
ward movement in June, against Bragg's army. We 
took part in the battle of Hoover's Gap, the taking of 
Tullahoma, the crossing of Elk river, and the capture 
of Winchester, Tenn. On the 18th of August, 1863, 
I received orders from Department Headquarters to 
report as 1st Lieutenant, 1st Regiment U. S. Colored 
Infantry, to Colonel Charles R. Thompson, command- 
ing at Estell Springs, Tenn., and marched there and 
reported the same day. Was appointed Adjutant in 
General Orders No. 1, Elk River, Tenn., August 31st, 
1863, and Captain Co. "C," 12th Regiment U. S. 


Colored Infantry, in Special Orders No. 77, Office of 
Commissioner for the Organization of U. S. Colored 
Troops, Nashville, Tenn., July 5th, 1864. Confirmed 
by President Lincoln and the Secretary of War, Octo- 
ber 4th, 1864. 

My various promotions in regular order, for which I 
retain to this day (April 2, 1908), the original docu- 
ments, are as follows : 

As Sergeant of Couipanv " C," Sth Kansas Infantry, from Sept. 20, 

As First Sergeant Companv "C," Sth Kansas Infantrv, from Oct. 1, 

As Sergeant-Major of Sth Regt. Kansas Infantry, from May 14, 

As Second Lieut. Company ''G," Sth Kansas Infantry', from July 
31, 1863. 

As First Lieut. Company "H," 1st Regt. U. S. Colored Infantry, 
August 17. 1863. 

As Adjutant 12th Regiment, U. S. Colored Infantry, August 31, 

As Captain Company "C," 12th U. S. Colored Infantry, July 5, 

Many civilians imagine that the life of an officer in 
the U. S. Army is one of ease, and with very little 
responsibility attached to it. For the sake of any 
members of our family who' may hereafter enter the 
army, I say this is a mistake. The care and manage- 
ment of a company of young men full of life and vigor, 
many of them reckless, requires constant, unceasing 
attention and a study of the individual characteristics 
of each member of the company; and a certain amount 
of sympathy must go with a stern discipline, to en- 


able the commander to get the best results, — which 
the Government not only expects but demands of 
every officer entrusted with a command. My experi- 
ence and observation would lead me to advise any of 
our family who may hereafter be officers in the army 
to remain single until they are past forty years of age. 
As an illustration of a few of the many and varied 
duties to which a Company Commander must respond 
promptly and intelligently, I append a few orders, de- 
tails and reports connected with my service in the 
army. Also letters of personal commendation from 
my own and brother John's immediate commanders, 
together with some correspondence showing the tone 
of thought and trend of opinion during the greatest 
war in history, which has made the United States the 
arbiter of nations and has led to the fulfillment of 
Gladstone's prophecy that we should become the 
Greater Britain. 


This personal narrative would not be complete with- 
out stating that in consequence of the sickness of my 
young wife and her repeated appeals to me to resign 
and come home, I resigned, and my resignation was 
accepted in Special Orders No. 188, War Department 
Adjutant General's Office, Washington, April 26th, 
1865, granting me a bonus of three months' pay proper, 
and an honorable discharge from the U. S. Army. I 
left my company May 7th, 1865, the war being ended. 

Upon my return to Kansas the people of our legis- 
lative district elected me as their Representative in 
the Legislature of 1866. I gave offense to many in- 
fluential constituents by two votes, which in the 
exercise of my judgment then I thought right, and 
feel the same w^ay to this day. I voted against woman 
suffrage because I wished to save them from carrying 
a burden they could not defend in the hour of trial, 
and to prevent division in families ; and against negro 
suffrage because they were not then — just free from 
slavery— capable of making a good use of the privilege; 
and I am firmly of the opinion today that we should 
cease to dilute our electorate, and favor a more re- 
stricted suffrage. 



On the 26th of April, 1870. my young wife, Ann 
Cowley, whom I married in 1864 while in the army, 
died. She had been in bad health for years, and had 
no children. 

On the second of May, 1871, I married my present 
wife, Susan Adaline Crouch, eldest daughter of the 
late David Crouch, Esqr., of Everest, Brown county, 
Kansas. We have had four children. My daughter 
Adaline died when a little over ten years of age. A 
charming, bright little girl, taken away by diphtheria. 
My only son, John William Cain the second, was nearly 
thirty years old when he was taken suddenly ill while 
sea-bathing at Atlantic City, New Jersey. He was a 
very capable and brave young man. When the doctors 
and nurse told him he had probably not over an hour 
to live, he said: "It is hard to die away from my 
friends, but you must write to them and tell them I 
send lots of love and kisses to them. And now, Miss 
Nannette [his nurse], will you please write a little will 
for me?" She did as he dictated. 

"Here U my will and intention: , 

" All property of mine be equally divided between my father and 
mother and my two si.-^ter;;, after deducting all indebtedness. I 
think it advisable that Victor A. Cain act as administrator for Leaven- 
worth properties, and Leonard J. Woodhouse act as administrator 
for property at Lancaster, Kansas. John W.Cain." 

Witnesses: Samuel Barbash, M. D., Daniel of St. Thos. .Jonifer, 
M. D. 

August 10th, 190.5. 


He died immediately after signing the will, and his 
remains were brought to Atchison, Kansas, and in- 
terred beside his sister Adaline, in Mount Vernon 
Cemetery. The Milling and Grain News, of Omaha, 
Nebraska, had an obituary notice, correct, except as 
to my being dead, as follows : 

"John W. Caix, deceased. — Mr. John W. Cain was bora Septem- 
ber 6th, 1875, near Atchison, Kansas. He was a son of the late W. S. 
Cain, of Atchison. Kansas, and has a mother and two sisters living. 
His early business training was received with the Cain Mill Co.. of 
Atchison, and also the Cain &. Hawthorne Milling Co., of Atchir<jn, 
which burned in 1S97. Six years ago Mr. Cain engaged in the grain 
and lumber business at Lancaster, Kansas, where he had large in- 
terests, and was Vice-President of the Lancaster State Bank. In 
June of last year he moved to Leavenworth, and with V. A. Cain 
organized and started the Leavenworth Milling Co., of which firm he 
was Secretary and Treasurer at the time of his death. Death came 
at Atlantic City, New Jersey, August 10, 1905, after but a few days' 
illness. He was at the time culling on the trade east, in the interests 
of the Leavenworth Milling Co." 

My daughter Elizabeth Mylchreest is my efficient 
help in my little business, and her mother's assistant 
housekeeper. My daughter Cora Jane is a teacher in 
the public schools of Atchison, and her assignment is 
now, and has been for some years, as Principal of the 
Branchton School. 


My only son — a manly man, of whom I was proud during his 
equally so when I learned of his calm fortitude 
in the hour of death. 


Late Captain 83d Regiment U. S. Colored Infantry. 
Farmer, Miller, Banker. 


John Mylchreest Cain was born in Castletown, 
Isle of Man, July 30th, 1839, and received a good 
education in the select schools of Castletown, and 
served some time as an apprentice to the carpenter 
trade before coming to Kansas in 1856. His life in 
Atchison county as farmer, soldier, merchant and 
banker, is part of the upward record of many of our 
leading citizens. As a farmer he took an active in- 
terest in everything calculated to improve the system 
of agriculture in our county, and the improvement of 
our horses, cattle and hogs. Shortly after the war 
broke out, in April, 1861, he volunteered in the com- 
pany organized by A. S. Speck and Asa Barnes, but 
when the company was not accepted went to work to 
raise a good crop to help feed our armies. In 1862 
his opportunity came, and he enlisted in Captain P. H. 
McNamara's company of the 13th Kansas Infantry; 
was later promoted Sergeant, and upon the organi- 
zation of the colored troops was appointed First Lieu- 
tenant in the 83d U. S. Colored Infantry, and later as 
Captain in the same regiment. His splendid service 
in that regiment is attested by the letter printed in 
this connection from ex-Governor Samuel J. Craw- 

Kansas City, Mo. Eldest Son of the late J. M. Cain. 


ford, who was Colonel of the 83d, and also by the let- 
ter of Judge J. H. Gillpatrick, of the Fh'st Judicial 
District, of Leavenworth count}', Kansas, who suc- 
ceeded to the Colonelcy of the 83d when Colonel Craw- 
ford was elected Governor of Kansas. 

John M. Cain also saw some service as First Lieu- 
tenant of Company "D," 18th Kansas Cavalry Bat- 
talion, from July 15th, 1867, to November 15th, 1867, 
upon the Indian frontier. 

After his discharge in 1867 he returned to Atchison 
county, and was married the following year to "Sade," 
second daughter of the late Senator James Patterson, 
by whom he had one son, James M. Cain, a capable 
young man, who died in November, 1886, after a short 
illness. John M. Cain's first wife died August 12th, 
1872, and a little over a year later he was married to 
Mary Ann Shillicorn, who was here with her aunt, 
visiting their Manx friends. She made many friends 
during the short time she lived here, but died Septem- 
ber 18th, 1874. 

John M. Cain and Lucy Neerman, daughter of Frank 
Neerman and his wife Isabella Rust, were married by 
the Rev. Mr. Lanier at the Neerman home in Atchison 
county, Kansas, May 15th, 1879. This marriage 
seemed to be a turning-point in John M. Cain's life. 
From that day he started on a career of commercial 


prosperity, and was blessed with a very creditable 

In looking back over the years when brother John 
and I were very much together, I am impressed with the 
recollection of his superior business ability and his 
generosity. He was a money-maker, and knew how 
to take care of it, and yet he was very generous with 
me. In 1886 I was so foolish as to dabble in grain 
options — in haste to get rich. I lost all the accumu- 
lations of m\^ life, and was indebted to him for a balance 
on settlement, and obliged to close out my general 
store business and take the position of bookkeeper 
for the firm of Cain Bros. The first day I entered 
their service John M. canceled all my indebtedness. 
Later, in 1893, I took all my family to the Columbian 
Exposition, but had to be very careful of my expense 
account. While in Chicago I received a letter from 
John M., inclosing twenty dollars and a request that 
we have a real good time, and draw on him for what- 
ever money our expenses would require. And yet 
later, about a year or more Jaefore he died, -he came 
into my store and told me he was very tired of his 
gray horse and buggy ; was going to get a better team, 
and would give his gray horse and buggy to anyone 
who would take it: would I accept it? That is how 
I came to have my good old gray horse, so faithful 
and true. * 


Another instance of this generous character: I was 
appointed executor of the last will and testament of 
John William Cain, my father. When I came to read 
the will to the heirs, and got to the second "item," "I 
leave and bequeath to my son John Mylchreest Cain 
one thousand dollars, to be paid to him from my estate 
before any division of same be made," John with 
tears in his eyes said, "I appreciate Father's kindness, 
but will not accept. Divide it evenly." It was so 

On Sunday morning, December 5th, 1897, the end 

His daughter Eva is now Mrs. Foster Bramson, of 
River Forest, Illinois, and they have a pretty little 
daughter, Florence. 

Ralph R. Cain, John's oldest son, is in business in 
Kansas City, Mo., and is married to Stella Weston. 
They have two children, Weston and Elizabeth. 

The engagement has been announced of John's 
daughter Florence and Frank Harwi. 

John Milton is now attending the State University. 

William Quiggin and Alfred Neerman are students, 
at home with their mother, who manages with good 
judgment the comfortable estate John left them. 

Farmer, Miller, Banker. 


Alfred Daniel Cain was born in Castletown, Isle 
of Man, May 11th, 1845, and was the youngest son of 
John William Cain and his wife Ann Mylchreest Cain. 
When the writer went to Australia Alfred was a little 
boy seven years old, and when I returned from Aus- 
tralia and was at our home in Castletown for a short 
time, he was just ten years. It was about twelve 
years later when he came to the State of Kansas, a 
young man. He had been educated in the Grammar 
School of Castletown, where the best student won a 
scholarship in King William's College. Alfred won the 
scholarship and finished his education in King Will- 
iam's College, and later had learned the business of 
druggist. I think it was in 1866 he came to Kansas. 
Knowing the quiet life he had led in Castletown, and 
how very different everything seemed to him in Kan- 
sas, I had much sympathy for him, and when he seemed 
to grow very homesick and I discovered that he had a 
sweetheart back in Castletown, I wTOte to Father (who 
was then in the Isle of Man) early in August, 1867, 
that as John had gone into the army again as Lieu- 
tenant in the 18th Kansas Cavalry Battalion, and as 



President Cain Mill Company, Chairman County Commissioners, 
Atchison, Kansas. 


there was no prospect of anj- children in my own house, 
and John might not survive the campaign on the 
Indian frontier, that I 'would like to see Alfred mar- 
ried and settled on a farm; and that I had learned 
from other sources that it was a wish Mother hoped to 
see gratified before she died, — to have Alfred and Miss 
Molyneux marry. On the 25th of August, 1867, 
Father wTote me from Castletown : 

•'Your idea respecTins: Alfred settling down as a family man upon 
a farm of his own deserves consideration. He seemed to me to be 
rather reserved, but that may only apply to his intercourse Avith me; 
perhaps to you he may speak his mind more freely, and I think that 
if you feel hini inclined to talk upon such a subject it would be quite 
right to take the matter into serious consideration. — not that whether 
our family shall be represented in a future generation is a matter of 
prime importance (though desirable), but that he hin^self, our dear 
son, brother and friend, should be happier. On my assistance to a 
consummation so devoutly to be wished for you may depend, and 
so I leave the consideration of the manner and means to you both. 
And here, if Alfred does not consider it impertinent. I would ask, 
What is the nature of his feelings and intentions respecting 'Polly'? 
She is often with us, and seems to me to be a A'ery nice girl, and I 
really do not consider it either wise or justifiable to trifle with any 
girl's affections." 

The culmination of this correspondence was what 
we all desired. Father wrote he was not very well; 
would Alfred come back to Castletown and help him 
settle up Aunt Ann Collister's estate? Certainly he 
would. He went promptly. A Manx woman who 
was here visiting some time ago told me it was the 
grandest wedding she ever saw in Kirk Malew Church. 
The bride was very pretty and the bridegroom (who 


is hardly ever noticed on such occasions) was thought 

to be a very nice young man. If this confession of my 

first and only attempt at match-making is laughed 

at I do not care, for I think the end justified the means. 

It harmonized the wishes of Mother and Father and 

resulted in an ideal home, blessed with a large family of 

children, who are well equipped for all the duties of life. 

Upon his return to Kansas Alfred and his young 

wife tried life on a farm for a few years, but it was not 

congenial employment, and he moved into Atchison. 

and later built the grocery store on West Main street, 

and in conjunction with brother John M. formed the 

firm of Cain Brothers, Grain-buyers and Grocerymen. 

In 1877 their business in grain had grown so large they 

sold their grocery stock to W. S. Cain, who had moved 

to Atchison in 1875. Sometime later the firm of Cain 

Brothers rented Elevator "B"; the development of 

their business was rapid and profitable, and in 1883, 

in connection with Robert Hanthorn, they built the 

Model Mills, at the corner of Thirteenth and Main 

streets, and began to manufacture and ship fiour 

direct to Europe. Business prospering, they bought 

a few years later the Bowman & Kellogg mill property, 

at the corner of Sixth and Kansas avenue, and also 

opened a State Bank, at the northwest corner of 

Thirteenth and Main streets, of which John M. Cain 

was President and Alfred D. Cain was Vice-President. 


The disastrous fire of 1897 destroyed the Model Mills, 
and the Bank block and Alfred's store. The loss was 
so great they, closed the bank, paying all depositors 
in full and redeeming all stock at par. 

John M. Cain then retired from business, but Alfred 
D., having become chief proprietor of the Central 
Mills, continued the business to his life's end. He 
died on the 27th of January, 1898, and is survived b\" 
his widow and nine children : 

Eleanor, the wife of Dr. W. A. McKelvey. 

Douglas Mylchree^t, President of the Cain Mill Co. 

Emma Molyneux, Trea^surer '" " " " 

Mona Quiggiu. at home. 

Victor Athol. President of the Leavenworth Milling Co. 

Herbert Stanley, Secretary Cain Mill Co. 

Arthur Samuel, Secretary and Treasurer of the Leavenworth 

Milling Co. 
Ruth Chesterman, the wife of Roy Gregory Linley. 
John William, Clerk in the house of Blish, Mize (t Silliman. 

Douglas M. is also Chairman of the County Com- 
missioners of Atchison county, who have general charge 
of the county roads, bridges, and finances. 

(Frcm the Atchison [Kansa.-] "Globe." May 20. 1908.) 
The marriage of Mis.s Ruth Chesterman Cain and Roy GregorA* 
Linley wa.-^ solemnized in Trinity Church at 8 o'clock last night in 
the presence of a brilliant assemblage. The floral decorations of 
the church were in exquisite taste, and were arranged by Mrs. Carrie 
Quiggin. assisted by the girl friends of the bride and groom. The 
altar was banked with white .■^pirea and ferns, as was the bapti-mal 
font. Syringias were ma.s.~ed on the broad choir-rail, and palm.- 
filled the- windows of the church. Clusters of daisies tied on the pews 
of the center aLsle made an avenue of flowers for the bridal party to 


pass through. Promptly at S o'clock Chester Mize, who presided 
at the organ, struck the first notes of the Lohengrin bridal chorus, 
and the ushers. Burns Uhrich, John Cain, Charlie Seip and Edgar 
McDuff, preceded the bride and her attendants to the chancel. 
They were followed by Addison and Alfred McKelvy. the handsome 
nephews of the bride, who were ribbon-bearers, and by Catherine 
Cain, a dainty sprite, wearing a dress of baby Irish point, and Valen- 
ciennes lace, who scattered flowers. Following her were the brides- 
maids, who walked singly down the aisle. They were Miss Julia 
Goodman, of Hamilton. Ohio ; Miss Clara Selby and Miss Margery 
Parker, and they wore pale green dresses of messaline silk, and wreaths 
of smilax on tlieir hair. They carried buuc[uets of marguerites. 
Following them was the bride, looking very handsome in a y:)eautiful 
dress of white satin-striped chiffon, trimmed with pearl passementerie 
and lace. Her tulle bridal veil was far^tened with sprays of lilies of 
the valley, and she carried a shower bouquet of the same flower. 
She also wore the bridal gift of the groom, a gold medallion brooch, 
set with diamonds and pearls. The bride and her attendants met 
the groom, accompanied by his best man, Arthiu- Cain, and the offi- 
ciating clergyman, the Rev. Francis S. White, at the chancel steps, 
where the betrothal service was read, and where the bride's mother, 
Mrs. A. D. Cain, gave her away. The clergyman then preceded the 
bride and groom to the altar, where the marriage vows were taken. 
The ceremony was impressi\'e. and the wedding was distinguished 
throughout by simplicity and elegance. 

The bridal party, inmiediate relatives and out-of-town guests 
went from the church to the home of the bride's mother, on West 
Kansas avenue, where the bride and groom received congratulations, 
and where a wedding supper was served. 

Mr. and Mrs. Linley left at 9:37 for Kansas City, leaving there 
this morning for Norton, where the 'groom has furnished a home. 

The bride presented her maids and little flower girl with gold bar- 
pins, and the ribbon-bearers with gold cuff-buttons. The groom's 
gifts to his groomsmen were cameo scarf-pins. 

The maiTiage of Miss Ruth Cain and Roy Linley is one which prom- 
ises happiness for both. They have known each other since child- 
hood, having gone to school together. The bride is amiable, and is 
accomplished in the things which make a true woman, and is be- 
loved by all who know her. The groom is a son of Dr. and Mrs. C. H. 
Linley, and is a fine, manly, young fellow. He began his business 


career as a Globe carrier, and a number of years ago went to work 
for the Blish, Mize >i: Sillinian Hardware Co.. where he has steadily- 
risen. He is at present a traveling salesman for the firm, with head- 
quarters in Norton. He is highl}' regarded by his emphn'crs, who 
predict a future for him. 

The out-of-town guests for the wedding wtre : Miss Helen Hook, 
James Brownell, and Fritz Wulfekuehler, of Leavenworth ; Mrs. 
P. Killey and her son. Percj' Killey. of Effingham, and theii' guest, 
Miss Ida Lace, from the Isle of Man ; ^Irs. Ford Moore, and Mr. and 
Mrs. Zeno Briggs, Kansas City; Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Woodhouse, 
Lancaster ; Miss Julia Goodman, Hamilton, Ohio; Miss Frances 
White, Boston; and Miss Ruth Emerson. Cincinnati. 


Second son of the late J. M. Cain. Student, Kansas Ur 
Lawrence, Kansas. 


I HOPE and believe that among some of our family 
this narrative may be read one or two hundred years 
from now, and it occurs to me that they may, under 
different conditions and a higher civilization and cul- 
ture, desire to know something about the religious 
and moral tone of the camp and troops in the field, and 
how the carnage and shock of battle affects the ordinary 

As to the religious and moral tone: When we first 
started out in Company ''C," 8th Kansas, there was 
quite a number of young men who held prayer-meet- 
ings, and when they quit holding these meetings I do 
not remember, but if religion was a tangible quantity 
the wreckage of it would be found all along our line 
of march. 

In this connection I rerhember when we were in 
camp at Nashville, Tenn., and I was Sergeant-Ma jor, 
we had no Chaplain, and the duty of taking the last 
wishes of dying soldiers seemed to devolve on me. 
It was not strictly in my line of duty, and I asked the 
Colonel commanding to have a Chaplain appointed. 
He refused, and I wrote to the Governor of Kansas to 


Of the late John M.Cain. Students in Atchison Schools. 


send us a Chaplain, saying a Methodist minister would 
fill the position acceptably. The Rev. John Paulson 
received the appointment, and reported for duty to 
Colonel John A. Martin, who immediately^ ordered me 
to appear before him. He was then Provost Marshal 
of Nashville, Tenn., at the Capitol. When I got there 
he was a very angry man, and told nie I must pay 
Paulson's expenses from and back to Kansas, and that 
he could reduce me to the ranks for violation of army 
regulations. I replied that I knew that all he said 
was true, and that I had counted the possible cost in 
advance, but would appeal to the Regimental Council 
of Administration and the people of Kansas on the 
issue. Paulson was made Chaplain, but our old 
prayer-meeting comrades poked all sorts of fun at 
me. Paulson made good at Chickamauga by his fear- 
less conduct on the battle-field in ministering to the 
wounded and dying soldiers, and from that date had 
all the regiment for his friends. 

Later, as an officer of U. S. Colored troops, my asso- 
ciation with the officers was Very pleasant. They were 
all men of more than average culture, all had to pass 
a rigid examination before a board of generals in the 
school of the soldier, company, and battalion. Our 
Chaplain was a Christian churchman, and a good 
educator for our ignorant soldiers — all ex-slaves. 

Colonel Charles R. Thompson commanding had been 


an Aide on the staff of General Rosecrans, who was 
a devout Catholic ; but Colonel Thompson, when he 
was not making love to some of the handsome young 
ladies of the country, talked like a disciple of Theodore 
Parker. He received some of that peculiar literature 
of the time. One feature always seemed strange to 
me, in their form of prayer : it read, " God. our Father 
and our Mother." 

As to the effect of carnage and battle, I must confess 
that although we had many false alarms I had seen 
more rough-and-tumble brutality in the mines in 
Australia and the early settlement of Kansas than had 
come before me in the army up to June 23d, 1863. It 
was at Hoover's Gap that I first saw a little of the 
horrors of war. Some Ohio and Indiana troops had 
charged a battery, and captured a section of it that 
interfered with our advance. We were sent forward 
double-quick to sustain and hold the position, and saw 
the ambulance corps carrying the wounded men to the 
rear. It looked awful to me. There is very little to 
make any sane man love act-ual war, but it is the last 
resort, and every man should be ready to sustain his 
government in conflict when so ordered. 

After the crossmg of Elk River, the capture of Tulla- 
homa and Winchester, we all got inured to the inevi- 
table. Under different conditions we act and feel 
differently. In the affair at Smith's Springs, when 



the head of my company was fired upon, I halted the 
command and rode to the front to investigate. My 
orders were to avoid a fight, but to get in touch with 
the enemy's outposts, and try to capture some of their 
men and find what command they belonged to, and 
report at the nearest telegraph station. Just as I got 
a little in front of my company I saw three Confederate 
soldiers taking deliberate aim at me. In an instant 
I gave the command "Forward!" and we were quickly 
in a gallop after the fleeing outpost ; but they escaped, 
although probably wounded, for we sent many bullets 
after them. My horse got the bullet intended for me, 
but he carried me splendidly in his rage at the smart- 
ing of his wound. 

At Decatur, Ala., my company was on the skirmish- 
line, a little too far advanced from our supports, when 
an impulsive soldier of the right group shouted to me, 
"Captain, we are flanked!" as he saw a squadron of 
cavalry come galloping up out of a hollow. I ordered 
the man to keep his mouth shut, and gave the com- 
mand to rally in a bunch -of scrub oaks on our left. 
The cavalry came on in splendid order. When in 
close range I gave the order to fire, and hurrah for all 
we were worth. The volley and the hurrah discon- 
certed them, and the scrub oak broke their formation, 
and they were quicker in retreat than in their advance. 
One poor fellow dropped his carbine covered with 


blood, and I gave it to my servant to carry home as a 
trophy. But we were ordered to advance rapidly into 
northern Alabama, and even servants will give out and 
throw away impediments. So my trophy remained 
in Alabama. 

Our pursuit of the shattered remains of Hood's 
army ended at La Grange with the capture of their 
pontoon train, and we were ordered back to Nashville, 
very tired and nearly exhausted. We rode back in 
box-cars, not thinking of danger. The few officers 
left for duty were in one car, the other cars filled with 
the soldiers. I unbuckled my saber-belt and revolver 
and lay down on the car-bottom to rest, and was soon 
asleep. About midnight I was rudely awakened by a 
sudden jolt which bumped my head against the end 
of the car, and it seemed as if a thousand men were 
shouting "Surrender!" I jumped to the car-door and 
gave the command "Commence firing! " Having been 
Adjutant, all the men knew my command and began a 
sharp fire. Then the Confederates (it was a Kentucky 
brigade) were surprised; and in the confusion the ob- 
structions were removed and we proceeded on our way 
to Nashville. 

One instance at the battle of Nashville seems worthy 
of record. We had advanced under a heavy fire to 
make a charge on a six-gun battery, and while waiting 
for other supporting formations to get in line we were 


lying in a soft muddy hollow. A shell buried itself a 
foot from my head. The Colonel commanding the 
brigade came up and lay down over the place where 
the shell had buried itself. I cautioned him. He 
replied, "The fuse is out now, and they couldn't hit 
the same spot again." Several shells exploded over 
our heads and the Major commanding our regiment 
was struck with a fragment, but we did not think it 
amounted to anything serious. Colonel Thompson 
looked back and saw the Major was very pale. After 
looking at the Major the Colonel said to me in a 
bantering manner, ''The Major has that look of heaven 
upon his face that limners give the loved disciple." 
Just then the signal for the charge was given, and the 
Colonel jumped up and gave the command to the 
regimental commanders. As Major Amasa J. Finch 
got up to command our regiment a musket-ball passed 
through the center of his hand, shattering the bones 
and turning him around a little, and at the same in- 
stant another ball passed through both the right and 
left glutaeus maximus muscles, and the senior Captain 
took command. We advanced in good order. The 
left file of the company on my right got excited, and 
was shouting and pressing forward of our alignment, 
when I placed my saber in front of him and told him 
to quit making a noise, as it interfered with hearing 
or giving orders. In less time than it takes to tell it 


a round shot or unexploded shell took the upper part 
of his body away and we rushed into the battery. 
The enemy were demoralized and fleeing, but some 
wounded officers and men who could not get away 
began to yell, "G— d d— n it, boys, they are only 
niggers!" and all the pride of Dixie land came back 
on us with re£*nforcements and we had to abandon the 
guns. As we retired I was near Col. Hottenstein of 
the 13th Regiment. He had received a slight wound 
in the face, blood streaming from it, but apparently 
unconscious of it he sat his horse and swore at our men 
for running when it 'was easier to stay. We were soon 
re-formed, and before sunset we had the guns taken by 
the troops that supported our charge. 


President Leavenworth Milling Company, 
Leavenworth, Kansas. 


One of the questions now before the American people 
is, "Shall the canteen be reinstated in the army?" 
There is much argument on both sides, but the result 
to the Government should never be lost sight of, be- 
cause, putting all sentiment aside, every instructed, 
capable soldier is a valuable asset of the Gov- 
ernment and costs time and money to develop him. 
How can he best be maintained as efficient? Two 
instances of the value of temperance and the del- 
eterious results of drunkenness occur to me. In a 
reconnaissance south of Fort Negley, in December, 
1864, we had to advance cautiously to discover the 
enemy's lines, and halted the command frequently 
to perfect our alignment in the dense scrub-oak brush. 
Lieut. B. F. Cook was the first man to draw the enemy's 
fire. A rifle-ball passed through his shoulder, splinter- 
ing the collar bone. I was with Surgeon Gustavus 
Stegman when he was dressing and cleaning the wound. 
It was very painful, and the surgeon recommended 
Cook to take some spirits while picking the splinters 
of bone out of the wound. "If it is a case of life or 
death I will take it, not otherwise," was Cook's reply. 



He took no spirits, and in a few months was well, ex- 
cept the loss of the use of his arm. 

Two days after Cook was wounded, another Lieu- 
tenant — who had been assigned to my command when 
I was sent to break up a guerrilla band near Beard's 
distillery, and who got so drunk on that occasion as 
to be worse than useless — received a flesh wound, the 
ball passing through the calf of the leg. Our service 
was so severe at that time that I remarked to another 
officer I would gladly give fifty dollars to have a similar 
wound honorably received in the line of duty, so that 
I could get a good rest. But we were pushed forward, 
after the battle of Nashville, in pursuit of Hood's 
army, and it was some weeks later, at the close of the 
campaign, when I got round to the hospital to inquire 
for our officers and men who were wounded. Lieut. 
D. was dead by reason of gangrene, the result of alco- 
holic poison. 



Secretary and Treasurer Leavenworth Milling Company,. 
Leavenworth, Kansas. 


Looking back on my 72 years of life with my ex- 
perience in different lands and among races of people 
widely separated in thought, culture, and aspirations, 
I am surprised to notice the uniform respect paid to 
army officers who have seen honorable service; and 
it has often occurred to me to seek the cause. Many 
other vocations are more remunerative, and are sur- 
rounded by conditions of refinement and leisure that 
would seem to draw young men and women toward 
them, but the glamour of a fine uniform and the hauteur 
and imperious deportment which seems inseparable 
from active command in the army, always has and I 
think always will draw young men and maidens toward 
the army. And yet there is no vocation that requires 
more self-sacrifice, more self-control, more unques- 
tioning obedience, and which will more certainly de- 
velop the very best there is in a man or w^hich will more 
certainly hurl him back where he belongs if he forgets 
that he must be a gentleman, to be an officer in the 
United States Army. And with all these conditions 
no laborer in any other calling has to give so many 
hours a day to the multifarious labors and duties that 
devolve upon the average company commander in 

( 75) ' 


active campaign. In addition to the responsibility 
for the camp and garrison equipage, and arms and 
munitions, he must see to the rations, — see that the 
food is properly and economically cooked, and served 
in a clean, wholesome manner; taste and test the 
soldiers' food frequently; care for the sanitary con- 
dition of the camp; see that the men are properly 
clothed, drilled and inspected; and in addition to 
many other duties, take his turn on the roster as "offi- 
cer of the guard," "officer of the day," and numerous 
other details. 

In adding to this autobiographical sketch a few of 
the orders received, also details on various duties, re- 
ports to the departments, communications, and other 
official memoranda of the Civil War, I wish to place 
before the reader a glimpse of the epistolary style in 
vogue in 1861 to 1865, and give a partial summary of 
the many duties that were part of our service. I do 
not mention details to get out bridge timbers from the 
adjacent forests to replace those destroyed by the 
enemy or taken out by floo'd, nor construction details 
to build new military railroads (we built a large part 
of the N. & N. W. R. R.), nor forage details, nor many 
minor details which our intercourse with a mixed 
population of loyal and disloyal people rendered neces- 
sary, but give such orders and reports, &c., as were 
part of our service and for the performance of which 


the Government required our most intelligent, faith- 
ful and truthful obedience. 

While our Government has been and is verj^ generous 
in its treatment of the enlisted men of our great Civil 
War armies, it seems to have forgotten the distinction 
which it insisted upon during the war, and which is im- ' 
peratively demanded by all efficient army organizations, 
—the distinction between commissioned officers and 
the rank and file of an army.. While the Government 
makes just provision for officers of the regular army 
who have seen service and become disabled, it has not 
up to this date made any general distinction in its 
pension laws between meritorious volunteer officers 
and the least capable private. Apart from the. in- 
justice of this course, I think it unwise. 

Secretary Cain Mill Company, Atchison, Kansas. 


In conclusion, what of the future of our Govern- 
ment? De Tocqueville has predicted great danger 
from our rapidly growing centers of population; Car- 
lyle, that our expanding suffrage will continue to ex- 
pand until like a bubble it will burst and out of the 
chaos a new and stronger government will arise, I 
have faith in the American people that no great dis- 
aster will ever befall this nation while it remains true 
to Christian teaching. 

My own idea is that the time has come — is here 
now — to begin a systematic curtailment of the suffrage, 
upon the lines of intelligence, property, and nativity, 
and a much longer period for naturalization of people 
who are not familar with our language and form of 
government. A much larger navy and a systematic 
development of our mercantile marine, including 
coasting trade and fisheries, with American vessels and 
crews. A standing army of not less than 150,000 
men, under the direct control of the General Govern- 
ment, and an organized State militia of 300,000 men, 
under the control of the State governments, to be ap- 
portioned to the States according to population, offi- 
cered by the States but in conformity with the regular 


Cerk with Blish, Mize <&■ Silliman Hardware Co.- 
Atchison, Kansas. 


army organization, — except that they remain under 
the control of the States until an emergency arises, 
when they may be called upon to sustain the national 

In presenting some of the following reports, some 
readers may say they are immaterial and not of any 
consequence; others, unacquainted with army life, 
may think they are of so little importance as to be un- 
worthy of record. Let me explain. We got into 
Nashville after nightfall, December 7th, 1864, very 
tired and nearly worn out, after a rather depressing 
retreat; (the other side did not do all the retreating.) 
It was snowing and turning cold, and we were not only 
fatigued but hungry. My verbal orders from the 
regimental commander and Head Quarters of the 7th 
Cavalry Corps admitted of no debate, — I was respon- 
sible to the Government for all the horses and equip- 
ments, but must obediently give them up without a 
receipt and march to the south of the city and report 
for duty to the commander there. Under different 
conditions voucher No. 4 exhibits the manner in which 
my company was reduced to a skeleton in our pursuit 
of Hood. At Murfreesboro, Tenn., we were put on 
open platform cars, December 23d, 1864, at night. I 
was the only white officer left with the company during 
this campaign. The men were required to sit on the 


outer edges of the cars with their loaded rifles in hand, 
ready to repel an attack while we were opening the 
road. We were kept on these cars two days and nights, 
except for brief stops when the men had a chance to 
change their positions. It was cold, freezing weather, 
and many of these men were so badly frozen as to lose 
parts of their feet. Each of these invoices, statements, 
&c., is a link in a chain of circumstances which must 
be explained to the department before the account- 
ability for the property destroyed, abandoned, or left 
with sick or w^ounded men is credited to the ofhcer 
who is held responsible by the different departments 
of the Army and Government. If any person thinks 
the United States Army is not conducted on the very 
best business methods, let him rub that out of his mind. 
My little fragment of army life I presume could be 
duplicated by many thousand company commanders, 
and I do not have space to give but a small part of 
my own experience. 

I make no apology for printing the commendation 
of my brother John by Ex-Governor Crawford and 
Judge Gillpatrick. I represented our legislative dis- 
trict in 1866 during Governor Cra^\^ord's adminis- 
tration, and as comrades of the Grand Army I met the 
Governor in his office frequently, and I learned from 
him how good an officer brother John was. So I wrote 
him for something he would permit me to print. My 


nephews, Victor and Arthur (President and Treasurer 
of the Leavenworth Milling Co.), told me that in con- 
versation with Judge Gillpatrick he spoke very highly 
of John M. Cain as an efficient officer. So I wrote him 
also, and feel thankful to both of them for granting 
me the privilege of printing their commendations. 

The letter of Lieutenant Jesse A. DeMuth was writ- 
ten to my wife under the following circumstances: 
After two days of hard fighting and considerable loss, 
we occupied all the important positions of Hood's 
army, and bivouacked in the Brentwood hills. Know- 
ing that we would be pushed forward in pursuit of the 
enemy early in the morning, and that my father and 
wife would be uneasy, I sent my servant back with a 
brief message to the Chaplain, asking him to write 
them I was well. The Lieutenant got my message. 

The letter of Col. Chas, R. Thompson was given me 
unsolicited, when I was starting to Kansas on twenty 
days' leave of absence to get married. 

The notes of Chaplain W. W. Eaton are printed to 
show my own attitude and that of our regiment to- 
ward the teaching of the Christian Church. 

The letter of Major Amasa J. Finch I esteem most 
highly. An incident on the day when the avs'ful news 
of the assassination of President Lincoln was received 
had estranged us for a time. When the orderly came 
into our mess-room with the dispatch, the Colonel and 
Lieut. -Colonel being temporarily absent, the Major 


opened and read the dispatch. It was a confused 
dispatch, but clear as to the President's death. The 
news had leaked out from somewhere, and a lot of 
excited enlisted men were crowding around. The 
Major was excited and forgot his duty for the time, 
and said loud enough for all to hear, "This is that 
damned Andy Johnson's work." I was Captain at 
the time, and knew that this talk before the enlisted 
men and junior officers must be promptly withdrawn. 
I said, "Major Finch, you must withdraw that remark 
and apologize for it here and now, or I will place you 
in arrest." The Major laughed at me, and said, "I 
can place you in arrest for such talk to your superior 
officer, but you have no power or authority to place 
me in arrest." I said, "If Vice-President Johnson is 
alive he is now President, and your remarks are treason- 
able." The Major then turned to the officers and men 
present and said he regretted the remark he had made 
in haste, and withdrew it. 

The Major was quite a j^oung man, only 23 years 
old, — impulsive and brave to the limit, — but seemed 
to have been a target for the enemy's sharpshooters 
at Nashville. His letter came to me in Kansas a short 
time after my return from the army. He had not 
fully recovered from the wounds received at Nashville, 
and a few months later the bruise he received from a 
fragment of shell on December 16th, 1864, resulted in 
a spinal disease that killed him. 



Exhibit ''A.' 

1. My father's letter shows the unhappy condition of civil war, and 

the effort of the people to bring order out of disorder. 

2. My own letter shows a little of the effort we all made to keep the 

government of England from committing a crime against hu- 
manity by helping the South. 

3. My brother John's letter is a picture of war with all ihe glamour 

left out. 


AtchLson, Kansas, May 26th, 1863. 
To the Editor of Moxa's Herald. 
Sir, — "As the old cock crows, the young ones learn," is an old 
adage which, I am happy to see, my son.s verify at least in respect 
to their letters to the Herald. I consider it conducive to their own 
improvement, and no doubt will be interesting to many of your 
readers. Since I wrote to you last many changes have occurred, 
but I am sorrj- to say American affairs are very little changed for 
the better. We have fought many little battles, and some great 
ones; but are still compelled to a/cknowledge that these Southern 
rebels are " tough customers." " I told you so, long ago," I hear you 
exclaim; " I demonstrated clearly that a people with so large a terri- 
tory, and this territory so intersected with rivers, so fortified by 
mountains, and so abounding in forests, rendering it so difficult of 
access, and so confounding to military strategy and operations. — 
a nation with a population of many millions, who support an army of 
six hundred thousand men — that this nation united, brave, and de- 
termined, could never be subdued." So you did. Sir, and so did 
many others; but we did not believe you then, and what is worse 
still, we can't see it yet. We have put our hand to the plough, and 



spite of the stubborn soil, spite of bad leaders in the team, spite of 
miscalculations and mishaps of all kinds, there is no looking back, nor 
will not until the length and breadth of the land are furrowed. True, 
you will hear occasional murmurs after some unexpected reverse — 
the Copperheads rejoice, the easy-going wish the war ended, even 
the loyal and true will mutter a curse at somebody or something by 
way of scapegoat ; but a speech from some favorite orator, or an 
article in some popular paper, showing where the mistake was, and 
how it is to be rectified, and all are again satisfied until the next 
blunder, and so on. The American people, yoii knou\ are a proud, 
stubborn race — the nature of their institutions, and their hitherto 
unexampled success has made them so. The young nation, like a 
thoughtless young man, is headstrong, because unsubdued by dis- 
appointment, and rash because unacquainted with danger — I mean 
the whole nation north and south, all are eciuall}- desperate in the 
contest, and if let alone it wiU be some time before either party cries 
out, "Hold! enough!" It is fearful to contemplate the immense 
carnage, the ruined families, the squandering of the resources of the 
country, the suspension of trade, commerce, and useful industry, the 
creation of a ponderous debt, and, worst of all, the general demorali- 
zation of communities. In Kansas we have been highly favoured, 
for, except an occasional raid on the borders, we have seen little of 
the consequences of war; but you can judge how unpleasant things 
are even here by what I. am about to relate. 

Soon after the commencement of the war, Jennison and others or- 
ganized bands of men, mounted and armed to the teeth. Their de- 
clared object was the confiscation of property belonging to rebels 
and s}-n;ipathisers with them. Not being in government employ, 
the property confiscated became the reward of their services; in fact, 
with all their pretensions of loyaltj', they were nothing but a horde 
of robbers. After a while public sentiment demanded their being 
put down. Accordingly a .great portion of them were incorporated 
into the army; but a great many were still left, who now carried on 
business on their own account, principally in midnight horse stealing. 
You cannot conceive how much anxiety, distress, and irritation, the 
losses of property, as well as the insecurity of what remained, caused 
among the rural population. — families reduced to want, through their 
inability to work their land when their team was gone. Many of my 
neighbours, I know .^^lept in their stat)le with loaded guns, in a state 
of feverish anxiety. Nearly everybody had lost something. I lost a 
valuable horse; neighbour Parnell lost two, and so on. Maddened 


by the continual depredations of miscreants, a vigilance com- 
mittee was organized, resolved to apprehend and execute after the 
fashion of Judge Lynch, and an opportunity to practice was not long 

Rendered blindly confident by continual success, a gang of eight 
or ten hired a buggy and horses in Atchison, and according to a pre- 
concerted plan, proceeded to the house of A. Kelsie, about fifteen 
miles from Atchison. Here they burst into the house, with loud 
imprecations demanded his money, nearly killed him with blows on 
the head, ill-treated his wife, and finally tortured a little boy by hang- 
ing, in order to induce him to tell where money was concealed. It 
appears they had expected lOUO dollars were in the house, which was 
not the case; they, however, got about -lU dollars, and taking his 
bacon and flour and four horses, they decamped. This was on Satur- 
day, the 16th of May. On Sunday, the vigilance committee were on 
their tracks, and before night most of them were lodged in jail. On 
Monday a great number of people were in town. The prisoners were 
brought before the recorder, and required to give bail for 2000 dollars 
each. As the sheriff was preparing to take them back to jaU, a 
gentleman stood up, and in a short speech rehearsed the grievances 
of the farmers, the audacity and cruelty of the thieves, the imbecility 
of law as administered to punish crime and protect honest industry, 
and finally wound up by proposing that the prisoners should be taken 
from the sheriff, carried beyond the city limits, a jury selected, e\'i- 
dence taken, and that the deci.^ion of the jury should be carried into 
effect there and then. The Ayes- were unanimous, so away they were 
led. A large concourse of men, women, and children followed. The 
trial was conducted orderly and deliberately. Four were identified ; 
they also confessed their guilt. The jury condemned two to be hanged. 
During the interval preparatory, the wife of one of the condemned 
came; her tears and entreaties had their effect on the crowd; and 
as she clung to him with all the energy of despair during the time they 
were fixing the rope, Sec; and as they tore him away from her to 
place him on the waggon, her cries were sufficient to melt the hardest 
heart. Shall he be hung? Xo, no, no! vociferated the lately vin- 
dictive crowd, — 

" One touch cf nature makes tlie whole world kin." 

The other sullenly and sternly affected the bravado and was s^\'ung 
from the bough of a tree hard by. People who live securely under 
the protection of laws, justly conceived and righteously executed, 


with an effective police force, and secure jails, will no doubt view 
with horror these proceedings; but these people know little of the 
peculiar state of society existing here, or they would not find fault 
with actions dictated by the plain principles of self-preservation. 
We ail defend the man who, with his own hand, violentlj- and un- 
scrupulously slays the midnight robber, or assassin, because he might 
otherwise lose his own life or property; and where the time and place 
make it ridiculous to call for legal protection — so also should we de- 
fend the community that acts in a similar manner under analogous 
circumstances. Their will and power form new extempore laws, and 
if the motives be good, and the result good, it is not very material 
what the means are — I speak now as an individual of the community, 
but. when acting as magistrate, I of course hold different opinions, 
and act in a different manner. But I must bring my moralising to a 
conclusion, and hasten to the end of the catastrophe. On Tuesday 
the people were there again, demanding more blood! One young 
ruffian was hanged without trial. On Saturday the country poured 
in and filled the city — some talk of resistance had raised their "dan- 
der" — a mounted company, of about one hundred, armed with shot 
guns, &c., formed part. They proceeded to the jail, took the pris- 
oners, brought them to the court-house, tried and condemned two 
more — these two were old men, neighbours of the man robbed, and 
were proved to have suggested and assisted at this robbery — they 
were hanged. General Blunt, commanding the district, having been 
appealed to, approved of the proceedings, and recommends its general 
adoption as the only panacea to the state of affairs. What do j'ou 
thinkof us, Mr. Editor? 

Respectfully yours, 

J. W. Cain. 

P.S. — I copy the following from the Atchison Champion of Free- 
dom, the editor of which (Colonel Ma-rtin) is the Colonel of the 8th 
Kansas Volunteers: — "A Worthy Promotion. — We notice that our 
friend W. S. Cain, who from the first has been the staunch and un- 
flinching advocate of the vigorous prosecution of the war, and of 
the adoption of the most stringent measures to subdue the rebellion, 
has been promoted, and is now Sergeant- Major of the 8th Kansas. 
Wo will warrant that he will do honour to the position." 



Camp of the 8th Kansas Volunteer Infantry, 
Near Winchester, Tenn. 

July 30. 1863. 
To the Editor of Moxa's Hkrald. 
Sir. — I perceive my humble communication to your valuaVjle paper 
has attracted the notice of a formidable anatgonist adopting the signa- 
ture of An Englishman-. Little hope had I to be so honoured, even 
though dignified with the august title of Sergeant Major. My first 
feeling was to leave him alone, thinking with the philosophic Jacciues 
in "As you like it" that 

" He. that a fool does very wisely hit 
Does very foolishly, although he smart 
Not to seem senseless of the bob." 

(I beg pardon, I don't mean this literally. The "Englishman" is 
no fool) — but upon second thought I conceived it possible he might 
suppose I lacked courtesy, and therefore resolved to write something. 
"To begin with the beginning," as he says: — He accuses me of 
bounce, &c. Well now that's strange. I thought I was tapering 
things oflf very mild and gentle, and I can assure him that although 
I am what I am. Sergeant Major, &c. d-c. <kc., yet I have as little con- 
ceit as men of less rank, including himself. And then he tells me 
about writing in " an offensively empty style." Now that is too bad. 
I love England too well to be offensive — I am too earnest to be empty, 
and if my style is so bad as he says, I blame your judgment or taste, 
Mr. Editor, for giving it insertion. Now Sir, if I know any thing 
about the meaning of words, and were required to give an example 
of " offensively empty style." here I would point it out. " An Eng- 
lish frigate, or an English regiment would end the war whichever 
side given to." Need I illustrate? ^ When the allied armies were en- 
camped before Sebastopol, they were pretty equally matched, weren't 
they? Now if a Yankee had stepped in and said, " One of our frigates, 
or one of our regiments would end this war whichever side given to," 
— would you not have been "offensive" enough to "stylo" him an 
"empty" fool? No Sir, I count it not boasting to say that all the 
power of England (and I know how great that power is) thrown to 
either side would n(it materially alter the final result of this contest. 
Such interference would hasten or delay the end, according to which 
side she took — but if the South succeeds, it will be through her own 
courage and endurance. Her only effective assLstanco will be the dis- 


affected among u* — and whichever party succeeds w-ill be the death 
of the other. It is not a contest about boundaries, it is between 
antagonistic principles, and there will be no permanent peace till 
one or the other conquers. In the next paragraph "Englishman" is 
anxious to convince us that " England's non interference is through 
principle, not fear." By substituting policy for principle I agree 
■v\ith him. Next comes a covert threat " Remember the Trent case;" 
we do remember it — and perhaps may remember it too long. Then 
comes a boast "we war not without cause," — granted — nobody does. 
"We fight not for ideas or territories." Which of her numerous pos- 
sessions, excepting Australia, has she acquired without the most 
ruthless wars? Fight not for ideas! Bosh! All wars are for some 
idea, good or bad! Napoleon's assistance to Italy was said by him 
to be for an idea". Victor Emmanuel soon found out what the idea 
was, when he surrendered the cradle of his dynasty to the man of 
ideas. His last idea, to give unity and strength to the Latin race, 
is now assuming the form of "Mexican conquest. England is neither 
so subtle or so false as Napoleon, but she wars for ideas and adds 
territories all the time. The next paragraph on the possible conse- 
quences of war between America and England, being only the opinion 
of a prejudiced person, is not of much importance; but I deny most 
emphatically that Slavery has been the "source of our power and 
greatness." On the contrary, it has been almost the only retarding 
cause to our national prosperity. It does not need manj' words to 
prove this to an unprejudiced mind. Thus men work as hard and 
more willingly for wages, than when forced by a driver with a whip. 
This has been tried and proved: and working as hard, they ■will 
create the same return. The only difference is, the Avealth created 
is divided among the free, whilst the slave-owner monopolizes the 
creation of hundreds. That the system of slavery is not a source of 
wealth, can be further shown by the difference in the value of lands 
per acre in the free States — also by the number of large, populous- 
and wealthj' cities in the free States towards the slave; and most 
especially is it noticed in the railroads, canals, manufactories and 
commerce of the North. Two or three paragraphs contain brag 
about the superior freedom of England, &c. Nonsense! We have 
nearly the same laws, guaranteeing at least as much freedom to hold, 
speak, and write any opinion we please. Slaven,' alone gagged the 
people and the press; if now certain restrictions are made which 
danger rendered nece.ssary, has not England done so always? ^^'as- 


she more magnanimous with the Irish conspirators of cabbage gar- 
den notoriety than we are with Vallandigham? Yet she was not in 
a tithe of the danger we are at present. I do not suppose that men 
of aristocratic tastes, or those who have been accustomed to observe 
■oith due honour and respect the various grades of distinction in old 
Enghmd, can enjoy well the "Glory of a Republic where every one 
votes," but then those everybodies enjoy it amazingly, and are too 
tenacious of their privileges to yield them readily. 

Now then for the finisher. This I call a mean, ungenerous and un- 
called for attempt to disparage the courage of American soldiers, 
I consider it beneath me to attempt to ^■indicate what all unpre- 
judiced gentlemen have never disputed. The panic among raw un- 
disciplined troops on a few occasions, has been aniply compensated 
for by the very runaways on subsequent occasions. And as for my- 
self, I value not the insinuations a rush; though I doubt not that 
one so mean as to throw out hints so personally offensive, would find 
it convenient to skedaddle if an American soldier were near him. 

I have probably devoted too much space to "an Englishman." 
I have no desire for a newspaper quarrel with any one, especiallj' at 
such long range and many disadvantages. 

Very little has occurred in my immediate vicinity to interest the 
general reader, and I know you have other sources of information 
beside my pen. The weather has been tolerably fine for a few days 
past, but we have had a heavy rainstorm to daj'. Strong induce- 
ments are being held out to get men to re-enlist, a bounty of 402 
dollars is offered to volunteers who have ser\'ed nine months of more, 
and men in the service after the 2.5th September will get the same 
bounty for re-enlisting for three years from date of re-enlisting; about 
a dozen men in my old company have resolved to go in again, and un- 
der the excitement of some despatches this evening in regard to letters 
of marque, and the prospect of a \%-dr with England, I heard a num- 
ber of men say they would certainly enlist and see it through. For 
my own part I have no desire for any more soldiering than my present 
enlistment, and a war with England would be no inducement for me 
to enlist. 

In my correspondence with the "Herald," I may ha\'e given offense 
to some men — it has not been my intention to vex any lover of liberty 
and justice. If in the providence of God a war should break out 
between y(;u and us, it will be a source of grief to me. and yet I be- 
lieve the danger is imminent. As the horrible details of the New 


York riots come to hand we feel more bitter towards the rioters than 
ever, and pleased that they identified themselves with traitors by 
hurrahing for Jeff. Davis; we are glad they made no pretentions to 
loyalt}'. Their conduct was a disgrace to humanity. The organi- 
zation of Negro regiments has commenced in earnest in this depart- 
ment, and the negroes seem to like it, numbers coming into our lines. 

We have received orders in regard to transportation, and to have 
ten daj's' rations on hand ready for a march, but do not expect to 
leave here for a month or two; we have been paid up to last muster 
and are being well supplied with clothing. W. S. C-\in'. 

{We are happy to receive and publish the letters of Mr. W. S. Cain, but the 

style and expression of the present one is not unexceptional. One phrase we 

have expunged. — Ed. M. H.] 


[The following: letter, from a Manxman in the Federal army, has been for- 
warded to us under the impression that some extracts might be inleresting to 
our readers. We prefer giving the whole of the letter. The writer has since got 
a Captain's Commission. — Ed. M. H.] 

Camp, 2nd Kansas Colored Volunteers Infantry, Oct. 6. 
My Dear Father, — As I have nothing in particular to do this morn- 
ing, I sit down to this sheet of foolscap, thinking that I may learn 
to improve my penmanship, pass the time profitably', and perhaps 
gratify 3'ou a little, for I believe that you love me enough to take 
some interest in my dull epL-tles. You expressed a desire in a former 
letter, that I should -^Tite to you an outline of our Camden Campaign 
last spring, particularly referring to the engagement at Salem River. 
Well, here goes for m\' official report to Head Quarters, Home De- 
partment. The expedition, in my opinion, before we started was 
premature, we had not enought tran.sportation nor subsistence — 
two things indispensable to an army. However, we had orders to 
march, from Department Head Quarters, and march we did, on the 
24th March. A cold, raw day, as I well remeinber, for after bidding 
goodbye to all my friends in town, I started and found my.^^elf chilly 
and cold from the effects of the bleak march, wind and drizzle; how- 
ever, we got along that first week tolerably well, for our mules though 
poor, were comparatively fresh, and we were enabled to haul our 
tents. After the first week the continued rain had made the roads impas.-^ble, and the General-Commanding issued an order 
that all superfluous baggage should be destroyed ; that was the first 


of our misfortunes; then my comfortable camp stool, table, mess 
chest, a few tents, and some cooking utensils went overboard. By 
lightening the teams in this way we managed to get the remaining 
baggage over a continuous range of steep hills, called the Push 
mountains, and Push mountains they were sure enough, for we had 
to put about a dozen men to each waggon, or we never would have 
got over them. All this time the men had only half rations, we were 
living in hope that our stock of rations would be replenished when 
we got to General Steel's command. 

After crossing the mountains we came to some of the most horrible 
roads that I had ever seen then (I .saw worse afterwards), we fre- 
qtjiently spent whole days, working hard too, in getting three or four 
miles. Our men had always to carry their knapsacks, haversacks 
with four days rations, canteens, and gun and accoutrements com- 
plete; in addition to all this I have seen a whole bi'igadc of Infantry, 
each man carrying a rail from adjoining fences for the purpose of 
buUding the road (corduroying it), which otherwise would be im- 
passable. I can assure you that it was rather a novel sight to see 
a column of Infantry, a mile long, and four abreast, each carrying a 
rail on uis shoulder, (when I looked on it it put me in mind of the old 
tradition of Dunsinnan wood.) By this time our teams got so re- 
duced that everything had to be destroyed, except our tents for the 
officers of each company, our company papers, rations, and a few 
cooking utensils. At length we got to the long expected command 
of General Steel on the Little Missouri River; here we had expected 
to get plenty of rations, you may imagine the disappointment and 
surprise we felt, when we came to find that he had not more than 
ten days' rations. We crossed the Little Missouri on a pontoon 
bridge: on the next day we had heavy skirmishing with the enemy 
at Prairie Du Arm. Steele expected a general engagement and de- 
ployed his troops accordingly; it was a large level prairie, and from 
the point where our regiment was, I could see the whole force, it was 
decidedly the grandest review of soldiers I have ever seen; nearly 
fifteen thousand troop.s — the cavalry in front, and on our right and 
left, with flying guidons, skirmishing with the enemy. The infantry, 
each brigade in close column by division, in support of its own ar- 
tillerj', ready and willing to deploy on the rebels, at a moment's 
notice. I suppose that the rebels were convinced from our numbers 
that there was no use engaging us, so that day terminated with nothing 
more than a cavalry skirmish. I am convinced that had Steele fol- 
lowed the rebels and brought on an engagement it would have turned 


the tide of our campaign from disaster to success, for the rebels, as 
we afterwards learned, had only a cavalry division that was escort- 
ing a large subsistence train of 250 waggons, which we undoubtedly 
could have had with the proper exertion. The day after the affair 
at Prairie Du Ann, just as the troops were in the bustle of preparing 
to march from our bivouac (we were to guard the team that da^O, a 
battalion of rel)el cavalry rushed right on our team; we were about 
half a mile from it, and had to go double quick to get to the team; 
I can tell you that our boys skipped along as near like men that are 
spoiling for a fi<rht as })ossible (for soldiers don't spoil for anything 
of that sort after the first time; they take it as a matter of course). 
We got to the team, but the rebels had left ; the 12th Kansas and the 
1st and 2nd Arkansas followed them up and had a little brush in 
which three men were killed and about a dozen wounded ; that morn- 
ing was the first time I ever witnessed an amputation, as the poor 
fellows came in to where we were. One had to have an arm and an- 
other a leg amputated ; the surgeon went to work just as cool as a 
butcher in skinning an ox, and both men are here in Fort Smith, now 
perfectly well, and apparently happy cri{)ples. We marched that 
day until about 10 o'clock at night. When we had just bivouacked 
and succeeded in getting a cup of coffee, (it rained very hard), orders 
came to march again. The reason for this was, all the troops with 
the exception of about 2000 had crossed a cypress swamp, three miles 
long, that was just in front of us; we intended crossing it too that 
night before camping, but it got so pitch dark that our brigade com- 
mander took the responsibilit}' to camp without orders. The enemy 
ascertained that we were isolated from the command by a swamp 
that would take them several hours to get through to reinforce. 
Finding that the rebels knew our situation, we had to strike out, and 
such a scene as we had that night beggars all description. Horrid 
swamps to us cold and exhausted ,wretche3! The trains that had 
crossed with the other troops made the track almost impassable; 
every hundred j'ards we would come to waggons abandoned and 
sunk deep in the mud, the skeleton mules deep in mire and entangled 
in their own harness, lifting up their heads in dying agony with an 
air that I thought almost supplicated help, as we trudged by nearly 
as helpless as they. I actually in the dark walked over the bodies 
of at least a dozen animals that I would not haA'e known if it hadn't 
been for the deep vibrations of suffocation. From such .sights and 
such marches good God deliver me; I would take the hottest field to 
the dread horror of such night marches. When we got through 


that swamp, although soaked in wot and covered with mud, some of 
my boys built a fire, and I sunk down into the deepest sleep; I slept 
by the hour, it didn't amount to anything that my clothes were wet 
and I tiad no blankets, for I was healthy, but extremely exhausted ; 
from this on to Camden and from Camden to Salem it was the same 
venture of hunger and fatigue. The day that the First Colored got 
so badly cut up at Poison Springs I was on outpost duty with my 
company, and heard the fighting distinctly. The evacuation of 
Camden conmieneed in the evening; my company was detailed to 
preser\e order in crossing the pontoon-bridge thereon across the 
Washeta River, and a rough job it was, from the eagerness of the 
contrabands, and citizens, refugees mixing am<3ng the soldiers, some- 
times submerging the bridges with their numbers. We got to the 
Salem river on the third day in our retreat from Camden; we had 
succeeded in getting our pontoons laid and would have crossed that 
night without having the battle that followed next day, but Provi- 
dence ordered otherwise. When we got to Salem Bottom it com- 
menced raining a deluge; of course, we couldn't cross the river, our 
ti-ains -vere drawn up and tlie troops all placed in position. I shall 
always remember that night, it was more miserable than the night 
we crossed the Cypress swamp, and we could light no fires for it would 
discover our position. I confess that I wasn't very particular whether 
" I sold out" next day or not, the previous two weeks had made us 
so desperately unconcerned. We went into the engagement with the 
knowledge that some rebels had got to be licked before we could 
possibly get back to Little Rock; and we of the niggers had such 
things as Fort Pillow, &c., in the foreground. Every man in our 
regiment did his duty, with the exception of the 1st Lieut, of the 
Company that I command now— he ran like a cowardly poltroon, 
leaving Sergeant Ben Parnell in command. Ben did his duty well. 
I was regimental officer of the daj"; and when the regiment was or- 
dered to the front, I was down at the waggons trying to get a warm 
cup of coffee for the officers. When there I met General Thayer 
going to the front, I knew the ball was about to open, and I started 
like a quarter-horse for the regiment. In getting to the regiment 
the mud was so thick that I lost both my shoes and stockings, so I 
was barefooted during all the engagement. I did not realize that 
my feet were cut and sore until the engagement was over. Our regi- 
ment was on the extreme right of the line, the rebels brought a bat- 
tery right in front of us, with the intention of breaking our right, and 


cutting their way down to the pontoon-bridge and destroying it, 
thus rendering our retreat impossible. Colonel Crawford saw the 
objeet. and asked the General for permission to charge the battery. 
It was granted — we charged the batter}- and we took it — then the 
cheers went along the line: "The niggers have taken the battery!" 
It was very nearly in front of my company, supported by a heavy 
rebel infantry force; some impulse made me rush ahead of mj- com- 
pany, and to tell the truth, I did not properly realize my position 
until I discovered myself (with some twenty or thirty of my men, 
and some from other companies) within a few yards of the battery. 
The suddenness of the charge unmanned the enemy, for the frightened 
wretches fled ; a good many were bayoneted ; one Lieut, almost 
threw himself into my arms for protection — his life was saved, and 
we sent him to the rear. This fight was a good deal like all others, I 
suppose, plenty of hair-breadth escapes; Colonel Crawford said to 
me after the engagement with some emotion, "Cain, I did not ex- 
pect to see you alive now, two hours ago," and that night I over- 
heard several of the boys speaking among themselves, say. "Old 
Master must have given the Lieutenant a gift of life for the day" — 
however a miss is as good as a mile, and I came out with a bullet 
through my blouse, and one through my hat about an inch above 
the skull. We had a hard time of it for the succeeding three days, 
until we got into Little Rock; for forty-eight hours I did not eat a 
bit of anything. The day before we got to Little Rock, the com- 
manding-general sent an order to our brigade-commander for to 
have a company from the 2nd Kansas Colored to escort the captured 
cannon as a guard of honour in going into the city; if you were a 
soldier you could imagine my pleasure when the colonel selected my- 
self and company for that duty; I never felt prouder in my life. A 
company of the 9th Wisconsin Infantr\', a splendid regiment — all 
Dutchmen — was also sent for; they did great execution, and had 
captured several battle flags. This company with their captured 
flags were in front, then came my company, and right in rear of me 
the captured cannon, then the cavalry, and in the rear the infantry. 
All the troops bivouaced about half a mile from town, except our two 
companies, the trophies, and the prisoners. We marched through 
town to fine martial music, cheered and gaped at by crowds of citi- 
zens and soldiers. Having escorted the cannon to Head Quarters, 
the Adjutant-General brought me the compliments and congratu- 
lations of the conmianding general. My men were half famished, 


so I took them off a little piece, and went to town to purchase some 
bread for them. When I returned, I found that an Illinois Regi- 
ment, with a true soldier's sympathy, had taken all the boys to their 
camp just b}', and given them a good dinner; the officers insisted 
on my dining with them, making a regular lion of me in a small way. 
You will probably be tired of this sort of stuflF, suffice it to say we 
marched to Fort Smith, and have been happy ever since. I suppose 
that is the way a story should wind up. 

By the way, father, I told you that my commission had been lost, — 
now it is found. A rebel flag of truce came to our lines last Sunday, 
and in conversation one of the rebel officers asked if they knew an 
officer in Fort Smith named John M. Cain; he said he had a com- 
mission for him that was captured last Juh'. I have got it now; 
it is a trophy itself. Having been referred to the rebel A.A.G., he 
returned it with this endorsement in ink: — "'Respectfully returned; 
hang the owner." Father, I hope this may interest you; that is 
my object in writing it. Let me hear from you soon. God bless 
you, my father. How do you like it? Jxo. M. Caix. 

Exhibit "B." 

1. Letter from ex-Governor Samuel J. Crawford, formerly Colonel 

of the 83d U. S. Colored Infantry. 

2. Letter of Judge J. H. Gillpatrick, formerly Lt. Col. Commanding 

the 83rd U. S. Colored Infantry. 

3. Letter of Colonel Charles R. Thompson, Commanding the 12th 

Regiment U. S. Colored Infantry; sent to me on my departure 
for Kansas to get married to Miss Ann Cowley. 

4. Letter of Major Amasa J. Finch, who succeeded to the command 

of the 12th Regiment U. S. Colored Infantry upon Brevet Brig- 
adier-General Thompson being assigned to a larger command. 

5. Letter of Lieut. Jesse A. DeMuth, sent to my wife with news of 


6. Notes from Chaplain W. W. Eaton. Explain my own attitude 

in regard to the Church, and its helpful teaching in commanding 

Washington-. D. C, February 18, 19US. 
Hon. W. S. Cain, Atchison. Kansas: 

My Dear Sir — Your very kind letter, relative to Captain John 
M. Cain, reached me last evening. 

Yes, I knew Captain Cain well. During the CiA'il War he was 
an officer in the S3d United States Volunteer Infantry, a regiment 
which, for a time, I had the honor to command. And I think I can 
truthfully say that as a man he was in everj' way a gentleman, and 
as an officer he was skillful, daring, gallant, and true. He never 
flinched in the crash of battle, nor in the face of the enemy. At the 
battle of Jenkins' Ferry. April 30, 1864, where the 7th Army Corps. 
under the command of General Steele, fought and defeated the Con- 
federate forces under General Kirby Smith and Dick Taylor, the S3d 
Regiment was in the thick of the fight. In the forenoon its position 
was on the right of the line, facing Parsons' Division on Kirby Sniith's 
left. Aft'T the battle had 1)een rasing for two hour< or m<jre. with 
no perceptible advantage to cither .side, General Parsons brought 
up a battery of artillery and opened with canister on the 83d. At 
( 98 ) 


the same time the regiment was under a galling fire of musketry from 
the Confederate line of infantry. To remain stationary under this 
fire meant destruction; to retreat meant defeat for the Union forces; 
and to advance, in the face of such a sheet of lead and canister, 
seemed very like plunging into the valley of death. But something 
had to be done and done quickly. The rain of bullets and canister 
was rapidly reducing oui- numbers. Six hundred and sixty men and 
officers, less the number that had already fallen, stood resolutely in 
line, returning volley for volley, when the order was given to cease 
firing and fix bayonc-ts. The next insta!it the charge was sounded 
and the S3d was ad\-ancing to victory- or death. A fe\\- paces brought 
the regiment into the open field, when one volley silenced the battery 
about 75 j-ards distant, covered the ground with artillerymen and 
piled 36 horses up in a mass of entanglement. The next volley was 
leveled at the enemy's line of infantry, as the regiment advanced 
across the field, and so the next and next, until the Sod commenced 
using the bayonets, when the enemy broke and retreated in confusion. 
As -we advanced in this charge. Captain Cain with his company was 
on the left, and for a time exposed to a cross-fire from the front and 
flank, but he pushed resolutely forward until the enemy gave way. 
The loss of the regiment in this charge was quite heavy, but the 
battery was captured and safely brought from the field. Four days 
aftenvards. when the Army was approaching Little Rock, Captain 
Cain with his company had the honor of escorting the captured bat- 
tery into the city. Not only was he a gallant soldier but he was a 
man among men. 

Thanking you for the opportunity of contributing this little bit 
to the memory of a dear friend and comrade, I remain, 
Very truly 5'ours, 

Saml. J. Crawford. 

Leavenworth, Kax.. February 22, 190S. 
TT'. S. Cain, Atchison, Kas.: 

Dear Sir — Yours of the 16th inst. received by me on my return 
from "Washington and a month's absence. 

I have to say, cheerfully, that John ^L Cain, Captain of Co. G, 
83d U. S. C. Infantry, was one of the very best officers in that regi- 
ment. His di-cipline was perfection, and his commanding sj^irit 
noticed bj' everybody. He had the respect and implicit obedience 
of his men. in and out of action. 


Lately at Washington the first Colonel of the regiment, after- 
wards G<Jvernor Crawford, specially mentioned Cain and his gallant 
and efficient conduct when detached to make a flank movement on 
the enemy's right and bloody and successful battle of Saline River 
in the retreat' from Red River. He corroborated all I have said, 
stating, " We could always rely on Cain, you know, at any and all 

After Col. Crawford was elected Governor of Kansas, John M. was 
under my immediate command till the regiment was discharged at 
Fort Leavenworth, in November. 186."). 

I wish I could give you more in detail, incidents of the Captain's 
career, but I never knew him till I was mustered into the 2d Kansas 
Colored Regiment, afterwards redesignated the S3d f . S. Colored 
Infantry, by order of the Secretary' of War, Mr. Stanton. 

However, with only my acquaintance in the 83d with Capt. Cain, 
you may be sure he always stood high in all respects or he never 
would have been commissioned in the 83d. The requirements were 
rigid, the inspections persistent, and the strictest discipline expected. 
He never failed in anything, and was always an example to others 
in all soldierly qualities. Yours very respectfully, 


Late Lt.-Col. Comd'g 83d U. S. C. Inf'ty. 

Head Quartehs 12th Regiment U. S. Coi.ored Troops, 
Section 53, Nashville and Northwestern R. R., Tenn., 

March Sth. 1864. 

Adjutant: Though we confidently expect and earnestly hope 
that you will return upon the expiration of your leave of absence, 
yet ever>' expectation being liable to disappointment, I wish now, 
lest some circumstances which we cannot now see, prevent your 
being again with us in the work in which we are engaged with so 
much earnestness and so much unanimity, to express in some measure 
the thanks due you for j'our assistance in organizing and carrying 
on with the success that has attended this regiment. 

Your ability and perseverance entitle you to a much higher posi- 
tion than the one you hold, and I hope you will attain to that which 
you deserve. Unless you are numbered among "those who die for 
freedom's cause," you may confidently e.xpect it, for nowhere is it 
so certain that men will find their level, as in the army. I know I 


can say thi< to you Avithout creating false hopes or unworthj- ambi- 

Wishing j'ou a pleasant visit to your home, and the success that 
honest endeavor deserves, through j'our whole life, I remain. 
Your sincere friend, 

Chas. R. Thompson', 
Lieut. W. S. Cain, Col. Comd. Regt. 

Adjutant 12th Regt. U. S. C. Troops. 

Head Quarters 12th Regt., U. S. C. I., 

KiNCSTON Springs, Tennessee, May 13, 1S65. 

My Dear Captain — .S(V.- On your leaviir:; the army. I consider 
it my duty to express the appreciation which I have, of your efforts 
while in the serA'ice. 

When you took Company "C," it was notoriously one of the worst 
companies in the regiment ; under your care the men never wanted 
for a thing that could possibly be had for them. The drill, discipline, 
and efficiency became second to none in the command. This of 
itself was sufficient to stamp you as an officer of sterling merits. 

Although not in command while you occupied the position of Ad- 
jutant, I am knowing to the fact, that your loss has never, but in one 
instance, been replaced. 

Your promptness, zeal, and efficiency' were most commendable. 

As an officer in the field, I must congratulate you upon those 
merits which have so much to do with endearing an officer to his 
men. Constant care for their wants, strict attention to duty, temper- 
ance, with a just appreciation of right and wrong, and a firm, un- 
flinching courage in the face of the enemy, — these qualities you have 
shown yourself to possess in a most Jiappy degree. 

My earnest wish is, that j'ou may be blessed with a long life of 
peace and usefulness to your fellow-men. 

I am ever yours, 

Amasa J. Finch, 
Major Commanding 12th Regt. U. S. Col. Inf. 



Hd. Qrs. Det. of Coxvalescents, 12th U. S. C. I., 
Nashville, Tenx., Dec. 19, 1864. 
- Dear Madam : The enclosed note from Captain Cain was handed 
to me yesterday evening by one of our soldiers, who was unable to 
find the Chaplain. Mr. Eaton. In compliance with the expressed 
wish of the Captain I address you. 

I have no information of the regiment since the date of Captain's 
note, but there is a rumor here this morning that they are coming 
back. I think it very probable that we will be left to garrison at 
this place. 

The Captain's Orderly Sergeant. "Scales." is with me; also several 
other of his men, some slightly wounded and some sick. The regi- 
ment behaved most gallantly. The same is true of all colored reg- 
iments engaged. They moved forward on the apparently almost 
impregnable works of the enemy as if on parade, under a most deadly 
fire of both artillery and nmsketry, and drove them like frightened 
cattle. Some of our men actually jumped their fortifications and 
bayonetted the cannoneers. 

The Rebels have been whipped as they never were before, and 
it is believed here that Gen. Thomas intends to pursue them to utter 
destruction, and, I hope, to extermination. Several thousand pris- 
oners have already been brought in — cannon, colors, and small- 
anns without number. 

Our losses are very hea-sy. During the two days' fighting t 1.5th 
and 16th), about loO men killed and wounded. Xo officers killed. 
Maj. Finch, Capt. Headen, Lt. Cooke (B. F.), and Lieut. 
wounded. All doing well. 

It has rained almost continuously since the fighting began. Offi- 
cers and men have nothing with them but the clothes they wear. 
The men threw away their knapsack.s — I should say, threw them 
off — and were not able to return after them. They have been gath- 
ered up and are in store for them. Wagons have gone forward with 
blankets and shelter tents for the officers. At last accounts all were 
as jovial and merry as only old and tried soldiers know how to be; 
and a better than Captain Wm. S. Cain, 12th L'. S. C. Inf., is not in 
the American Arnij'. 

Veiy respectfully, a. DeMuth, 
Lieut. 12th^U. S. C. Inf.,Tomdg. Det. Convalescents. 


Captaix: Your note is rec'd. Receive my thanks for the interest 
taken in preparing for Di\ine Service. 
The time will suit me. 

Please have the camp duly notified. In all affection and 
Very re.^pectfulh'. 

Yours truly, 

W. W. Eaton, 
Capt. W. S. Cain, Chaplain. 

Officer of the Day. 
Jany. 29th, 1S65. 

Captain* CAi>f — My Dear Sir: It would give me great pleasure to 
meet the officers and men. and address them, any time this afternoon 
that would suit their convenience. 
With high regards. 

Yours, most affectionately, 

W. W. Eaton, 
April 16th, 1865. Chaplain 12th U. S. C. I. 

P. S. — Please let me know at what time you can get the men together. 

W. W.E. 
Thank you, Captain, for your promptness and the interest ever manifested 
in the welfare of the regiment. The time suits me. and I will try to interest 
those who choose to assemble. 


W. W. E. 

Exhibit "C." 

Shows my orders to prepare to mount my company, and the inter- 
ference of the District Commander with the orders which came 
from the Department Commander through the Head Quarters of 
the Troops on the N. & N. W. R. R., and the subsequent bother in 
accounting for the horses. 

Head Quarters 12th Regt. U. S. C. I.. 

Kingston Springs. Tenn., Oct. 21, 1864. 
Captain: Orders liave Vjcen received from the Col. comd. Troops 
on N. & N. W. H. R. to mount (150) one hundred and fifty men of 
this regiment. 

The Lieut. Col. cornds. therefore directs that you collect imme- 
diately from the citizens of the surrounding cotmtry all the good horses 
and send the same to these Head Quarti rs. 

The Quartermaster will give memorandum receipt for the same. 
Very respectfully. 

Your obedient servant, 

D. Grant Cooke, 
Captain W. S. Cain, Comd. Dct. Sec. 14. Lieut, and Act. Adjt. 

Head Quarters 12th U. S. C. I.. 
General Orders, } Kingston Springs, Tenn., Oct. 22, 1864. 

No. 28. f [Extract.] 

IV. Lieut. Douglass, Comdg. Co. "F," will, with the assistance of 
Co. "C," immediately make defensible cjuarters for one-third of his 
command at Bridges Xos. 1 and 2. On tiie completion of these 
quarters Lieut. Douglass will make his head qtiarters with one-third 
of his command at Bridge Xo. 2, send Lieut. Strong with one-tliird 
to Bridge Xo. 3. and one-third to Bridge Xo. 1, under couuiiand of 
1st Sergt. Lytton, Co. " F." 

As soon as the quarters of Companj- "F" are completed. Capt. 
Cain, Co. "C." will report with his command at these head quarters 
for mounted service. By order of 

D. Grant Cooke. Lieut. Col. W. R. Sellon. 

Lieut, and Act. Adjt. 
Capt. W. S. Cain, Comdg. Detch'mt Sec. 14. 

Section 14, X. & N. W. R. R., Tenn., Oct. 22, 1864. 
Received of Dr. J. \V. Carter, citizen of Davidson Co., Tenn., (3) 
three hor.-es, (3) three saddles, and (3) three bridles, to be receipted 
for by Regt. Quartermaster 12th U. S. Infty. 

W. S. Cain, Capt. 12th U. S. C. Infty. 

Hd. Qrs. Dist. Tennessee, X.vshville, Oct. 22. 1864. 
Capt. W. S. Cain will deliver to Dr. Carter the within property 
upon the receipt of this order, and report the fact in writing to these 
head quarters. By command Maj. Gen. Rousseau. 

Th. p. C. Williams, A. A. A. G. 

Section 14, X. & X. W. R. R.. Tenn. 
I acknowledge to have received the within property immediately 
on presentation of the above order to Capt. \V. S. Cain. 

\Vm. Carter. 
( 104) 


Section' 14, X. & X. W. R. R..Texn., Oct. 22. 1864. 
Received of A. J. Owen, citizen of Williani.-on Co., Tonn., (1) one 
horse, (1) one sacidle. and (.1) one bridle to be receipted for by the 
Regt. Quartermaster 12th U. S. C. Infty. 

W. S. Caix. Capt. 12th U. S. Infty. 



Hp. Qbt«s. Di-^TKirr nr T:-.vnesskc. Oct. 2.', l'^>i 

to b« wo jf'uns for caralry ase. If he ig but tw. vears oM let him I 

LovgLL H. RutistAC. Mjj. Uenl 


Head Qu.vrters Det. 12th Regt. U. S. C. Infty., 

Sectiox 14, N. c^- N. W. R. R., Texx., Oct. 23, 1864. 
Major: I have the houor most respectfully to inclose herewith an 
official copy of receipt to Dr. Carter, with Order from Dist. Hd. 
Qrs., and acknowledgment of Dr. Carter indorsed thereon. The 
property has been returned to Dr. Carter as ordered. 

My orders for taking this property are dated at Hd. Qrs. 12th 
Regt. U. S. C. I., Kingston Springs. Tenn.. Oct. 21. 1864. I have 
a number of horses, ikc, in my possession, taken in obedience to 
the same order, and am actively engaged in procuring sufficient to 
mount my company. I have endeavored to perform this disagreeable 
duty with courtesy. My orders are imperative; no alternative is 
mentioned. Were I to have been led from the paths of duty by 
the tears or threats of women and children, or the remonstrance of 
men, I would not have got a single horse in my thirty miles' march 
yesterday. I am Major, 

Very respectfuU}-, 

Your obt. servant, 
W. S. Cain, 
Major B. H. Polk, Capt. 12th U. S. C. I., Comd. Det. 

A. A. G., Hd. Qrs. DLst. of Tenn. 

Camp of the Twelfth Regt. U. S. Colored Infantry. 

Kingston Springs. Tennessee, 

February 24. 1S6.5. 
Lieut. : I have the honor to state that several citizens have called 
on me today for vouchers for horses taken by me in accordance with 
orders received last fall. These persons hold my memoranda receipts,, 
and as every horse I had in my possession has been properly trans- 
ferred, I desire to know what course must be adopted to settle the 
vexed question in regard to who must give the vouchers. 1 referred 
the gentlemen to Capt. F. H. Riggs. 12th U. S. C. Infty., formerly 
Actg. Regt. Quartermaster 12th U. S. C. Infty., and received the in- 
closed communication in reply. 
I am, Lieutenant, 

Very respectfully. 

Your obt. servant, 
W. S. Cain, 
Lieut. Thos. L. Sexton. Capt. 12th U. S. C. I. 

A. A. A. Genl. Troop on X. & X. W. R. R., 
Kingston Springs, Tennessee. 


Kingston Springs, Tenn.. 

February •24th, 186.5. 
Cain, W. S., Capt. 12th U. S. C. Inf., states that several citizens, 
who have his memoranda receipts for horses taken last fall in ac- 
cordance with orders, called on him for vouchers; that he referred 
them to Capt. RigRs, who was at that time 1st Lt. and A. R. Q. M., 
whose reply is enclosed.— Desires to know what course to pursue 
to settle the question, and who is to give the vouchers. (One enclos- 

^^^'^ Hd. Quarters, 12th U. S. C. Inf.. 

Kingston Springs, Tenn., 

Feb. 25th, 1865. 
Respectfully forwarded. Henry Hegner, 

Capt. Comdg. Regt. 

Section 2S, N. & N. W. R. R., February- 24, 1865. 
Capt. Cain : There was a great many of those horses turned over 
to their owners, and I have not taken any up on my returns except 
those I gave memorandum receipts for. I never knew how many 
horses were taken altogether. I don't know how I can give vouchers 
for more than I have on my returns. 

I am, very respeccfully, 

Your obed. servant, 

Frank H. Riggs, 
Capt. W. S. Cain. Capt. Co. "A." 

Head Qrs., Troops on X. & N. W. R. R., 

Kingston Springs, Tenn., Feby. 25, 1865. 
Respectfully returned, with the information that the A. A. Q. M. 
of the troops "on the N. & X. W. R. R. at these head qrs. will give 
the vouchers for such horses. 
By order of Col. Thompson : 

Thomas L. Sexton, 

Lieut, and A. A. A. G. 

Head Qrs. 12th Regt. U. S. C. Infy., 

Kingston Springs, Tenn., Feb. 25, 1865. 
Respectfully returned, with the above information. 
Henry Hegner, 

Capt. Comdg. Regt. 

Exhibit "D." 

Showing that certain ordnance stores for which Capt. W. S. Cain 
had given written receipts, were ordered — verbally — to be 
transferred, and the difficulty of securing receipts — or evidence 
satisfactory to the Government. Also, statement of ammunition 
used in action and practice. 

Form 2 — 03.1 
Invoice of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores, turned over by W. 
R. Sellon. Lieut. Col. 12th U. S. C. I., to Capt. W. S. Cain. Co. C. 
12th U. S. C. I., at Kingston Springs, Teun.. on the thirtieth day 
of September. 1SG4, in obedience to a requisition- approved by 
Maj. Gen. Rousseau. Dist. Tenn. 








60 . . 



Enfiekl rifled Muskets, Cal. 







Thirty-five .;.... 




Fifteen thousami 

Gunslinsrs ; 




Sets Infantrv Accoiitr.-- 

ments, complete 

Ball Scre'.v.s. Wipers and 



Spring Vises 

i :: 




Instructions for making 

Ordnance Returns 

E. B.Cartriases. Cal. 58-100 
Packintr Boxes 


! " 

I Certify that the above is a correct Invoice of Ordnance and 
Ordnance Stores turned over by me this thirtieth day of September, 
1864, to Capt. W. S. Cain, Co. C, 12th U. S. C. I. 

W. R. Sellon, 

[In duplicate.] Lieut. Col. Comd. 12th U. S. C. I. 

Form 2— ib.) 
Invoice of Ordnance and Ordn.\nce Stores, turned over by 
Lieut. Col. W. R. Sellon, Comdg. 12th U. S. C. I., to Capt. W. S. 

C 108 ) 



Cain, Co. C. V2th V. S. C. I., at Kingston Springs, Tenn., on the 
2Stli day of October. 1S64, in obedience to orders from Head Quar- 
ters Dept. of the Cumberland. 

\o. of 





48 C<iv?lrv Sadilles no ■^weat Ipathers 

. 48 Cavalrv Saitdles', Blankets, Blue 

. 48 Cavalrv Bridles, Curb 

. ] 48 Cavalry Halters and Straps 

. 1 4S Ciirrv Combs 

. 1 48 Horse Brushes 

i 90 1 b< Pieket Rope 


. 48 Pairs Spurs and Straps 

. 12 Enfield Rifled Mu.-kets. Cal, 577 

12Spts Kntield Rifled Musket Accoutre- 

1 i ments. Complete i 

I Certify, That the above is a correct Invoice of Ordnance and 
Ordnance Stores turned over by me this 28th day of October, 1864, 
to Capt. \V. S. Cain, Co. C, 12th U. S. C. I. 

W. R. Sellon, 

[In duplicate.]. Lieut. Col. Comdg. 12th U. S. C. I. 

Form 2— (b.) 
Invoice of Ordxaxce \sd Stores, t jrned over by WiUiam S. Cain, 
Captain Co. "C," 12th Regt. U. S. Colored Infantry, to Captain 
Chas. F. Huston, 19th Regt. Penna. Cavalry, at Edgefield. Ten- 
nessee, on the 7th day of December. 1864, in obedience to verbal 
orders from Lt. Col. W.R. Sellon. comd'g 12th Regt. U. S. C. I., 
and verbal orders from PId. Qrs. 7th Div. Cavalry Corps, Military 
Div. Mississippi, at Edgefield, Tennessee, December 7th, 1864. 

Xo. of 


Value, per 
piece or lb. 

48 ] j 48 Cavalry Saddles, no sweat- \ 


48 Cavalrv Saddle Blankets, Blue 

48 Cavalry Bridles. Curb 

48 Cavalrv Halters and Straps.. . 

48 Curri Combs 

48 Horse Brushes 

48 Pairs Spurs and Straps 

I Certiftl', That the above i.s a correct Invoice of Ordnance and 
Ordnance Stores turned over by me this 7th day of December. 1864, 
to Captain Chas. F. Hu.-ton. 19th Regt. Penna. Cavalry, and that 


I invoiced the above-named articles to Capt. Cha.s. F. Huston, and 
have been unable, after repeated efforts, to procure receipts. 

William S. Cain. 
[In duplicate.] Captain Co. "C," 12th Regt. U. S. Colored Inft. 

Form 2— (b.) 
Invoice of Ordnance and Ordnance. Stores, turned over by Wil- 
liam S. Cain, Captain Company "C." 12th Regt. U. S. C. Infty., to 
Major Amasa J. Finch. Comdg. 12th Regt. U. S. C. Infty., at 
Nashville. Tennessee, on the 13th day of December. 1864. in obedi- 
ence to verbal orders from .Major A. J. Finch, Comdg. 12th Regt. 
U. S. C. I. at Nashville, Tenn.. on the 13th dav of December. 1S(34. 

-Vo. of 




Value, per 
piece or lb. 


11 Enfield Rifled Muskets, Cali- 
bre .577 



11 Enfield Muskets, Accoutre- 
ments Complete . 

I Certify, That the above is a correct Invoice of Ordnance and 
Ordnance Stores turned over by me this 13th day of December, 
1864, to Major A. J. Finch, Comdg. i2th Regt. U. S. C. I., and that 
in consequence of the Major being severely wounded and sent North 
I have been unable to obtain receipts for the articles above specified. 

William S. C.\in, 

[In duplicate.] Captain Co. "C." 12th Regt. U. S. Colored Inftj-. 

Form No. 14— (See Cirrulnr No. 10, from Ord. OITice, Series 1804.) 
SiWTKMKNT OK OnDNANCE AND Ohiinaxce Stoiiks piMtiiiniiiB to "C" Coiiipaiiy, Twflftli UeKiiiient U. S. Colori'il Infantry, for 
rcspori.siblc, <liimiiKi'<l. lo«f. "i" firstro.ved, unil cliarKert on tlio M\ister and Pa.v Rolls during the Koiirtli quarter, 18G4. 

c-h Captain William 8. Cain Ih 

Dale of the 
hosx. or 

Amos .\dains. . 
Thomas .\dam.s B.'asU-y 
Sli-|pli«-n Hrvaiil 
William K. Hrv 

I'rank Si. p 
William Nr 




Aktici.ios Chaugki. 





22 07 
22 07 


l.,ost hy 

Aliaiiiloned without 

Stolen or lust hv <le- 

That the above statement i.s correct in every particular; that the article.s have been charged on the rolLs a.s stated; and 

■nil lit.-, made in tlii' colunm of Remarks are 
11 tririlicule^ (Oni- with each lopy of the ri'turn. 
Kor the prices of all (Jnlnance Stores, see panes 

lie, to the best of my knowledfte and l>elief. 

21 to 140, " Instructions for mukiiiK Ordiii 

Captain Co. "C 



Form Xo. 9 — (a.) 
(For the u.sf of Cavalry and Infantry.) 
Abstract of Matekials, &c., expended or consumed in Company 
"C," 12th Regiment U. S. Colored Infantr}', during the Fourth 
quarter, 1864. 



Class VIII.— 
















i ? 

4th Quarter. . . In practice firin? 

Nov. .5-6 In action at Jolinsonville, Tenn.. . 

Nov. 12 In action at Beard's Distillery, 








Nov. 2S In action at Smith's Springs, 


Dec. 11-13.. . . 

In reconnais.sance at Na.shville, 






Total Expended 


1 16 

Invoice of cartridge used in Battle of Nashville and the succeeding month at 
Decatur. .\la.. and at or near Brownsboro. Ala., never received. Two men killed 
and records lost. 

I Certify, ox Hoxor, That the above ab.stract id correct, and 
that the stores have been expended for the purposes stated. 

William S. Cain, 
[In triplicate.] Captain Co. "C," r2th U. S. C. Infty.. 


f No other store.* than ammunition and materials can be expended 
on this ab-itrart. 
Notes. -' Give letter of ("uinpany. the Regiment. State, and arm of service. 
If more hfadiiii.'^ are required, zum a piece of paper on the riirht- 
I. hand edge, ruled in conformity with this sheet. 


Camp of the Twelfth Regimext U. S. Colored Ixf.vntry, 
Kingston Springs, X. & X. W. R. R., Tennessee, 

February 4, 1865. 
Captain: I have the honor most respectfully to inform you that 
I have not yet received your receipts for the following Ordnance 
turned over to j'ou December 7th, 1SG4. I left the invoices and 
receipts in General Knipe's office December Sth, 1SC4, and also wrqte 
you from Nashville before starting on the late campaign. 

Knowing the severe campaign has seriously interfered with the 
making of all papers, I am induced to believe you will do me the kind- 
ness to furnish me at once with the proper receipts for the articles 
specified below: 

48 Cavalry Saddles, no sweat leathers. 
48 " " Blankets, Blue. 

48 " Bridles, Curb. 
48 " Halters and Straps. 
48 Curry Combs. 
48 Horse Brushes. 
48 Pairs Spurs and Straps. 
Your kindness during the short time I had the pleasure to be with 
you, and the knowledge of how difficult it is to attend to this kind of 
business during an active campaign, makes me feel assured that 
you have either overlooked this matter, or, having forwarded the 
receipts, and they being lost in transmission, you will have no hesita- 
tion to send me receipts immediately. 
. I am, Captain, Very respectfully. 

Your obt. servant, 

William S. Cain, 
Captain Co. "C," 12th Regt. U. S. C. Infty., 

Late of the Mounted Squadron. 

Capt. Chas. F. Huston, 

19th Regt. Penna. Cavalry, 
Nashville, Tenn., 
or in the Field. 

Exhibit "E." 

Showing a few of the special details all officers are subject to. 

Heau-Quarteks Troops ox X. & N. W. R. R., 

KiXGSTON' Springs,"., March 31, 1865. 
Special Orders, ) 
No. 1.3. > 


I. A Board of Survey, consisting of the following named officers, 
is hereby appointed to investigate and report upon Invoice of Ord- 
nance Stores in possession of Lieut. Charles M. Linn, Act'g Ordnance 
officei, and will convene at his office at 2 o'clock this p. m. 
Detail for the Board : 
. Captain G. W. Everett, 12th U. S. C. Infty. 
" W. S. Cain, 12th 
Lieut. W. C. Ream, 12th 

By order of Colonel Charles R. Thompson : 

Jxo. D. Reilly, 
Capt. W. S. Cain, Lt. and Acting A. D. C. 

12th U. S. C. I. 

Head-Quarters .3rd Sub. Dis. Mid. Texxe.ssee, 

KixGSTox Springs, Tenn., April 22d. 1865. 
Special Orders, ) 
No. 15. f 


II. A Board of Survey, consisting of the following named officers, 
is hereby appointed to investigate and report upon Invoice of Cloth- 
ing, Camp, and Garrison equipage in po.ssession of Lieut. Geo. W« 


Fitch, A. A. Q. M., and will convene at his office at 9 o'clock a. m. 
tomorrow, or as soon thereafter as practicable. 
Detail for the Board : 

Captain Henry Hegner. 12th U. S. C. Infty. 

W. S. Cain, 12th 

1st Lt. W. R. Douglass, 12th 
By order of Colonel Charles R. Thompson : 

Jno. D. Reilly, 
Lieut, and Acting Assistant Adjutant General. 
Captain W. S. Cain. 

Comdg. Co. "C," 12th U. S. C. I. 

Head-Quarters Troops on N. & N. W. R. R., 

Kingston Springs, Tenn., March 27th, 1865. 
Special Orders, ) 
No. 12. f 

II. A Board of Survey, consisting of the following named officers, 
is hereby appointed to investigate and report upon the deficiency of 
certain Quartermaster Stores invoiced to Geo. W. Fitch, 1st Lieut. 
12th U. S. C. I. and A. A. Q. M. troops on N. & X. W. R. R., and ^vill 
convene at these Head Quarters at one o'clock p. m. this day. 
Detail for the Board : 

Capt. W. S. Cain, 12th U. S. C. I. 
By order of Colonel Charles R. Thompson : 

Thomas L. Sexton, 
Lt. and Acting Assistant Adjutant General. 
Capt. W. S. Cain, 
12th U. S. C. I. 

Head Quarters District of Tennessee, 

N.vsHviLLE, Tenn., August 25, 1864. 
Special Orders, ) 
No. 200. f 

*** + *.************ 
I. Capt. William S. Cain, 12th Regt. U. S. C. Troops, with a de- 
tachment of five enlisted men, of hLs Company, will proceed to 
Pulaski, Tenn., Athens and Huntsville, Ala., for the purpose of ap- 


prehending deserters from his regiment that may be found in the 
vicinity of tho:fe pU\ces. 

By command of Major General Rousseau: 

B. H. Polk, 
Maj. and Assistant Adjutant General. 
Capt. W. S. Cain. 

12th U. S. C. Troops. 

Head Quarters Dist. of Nashville. 

Nashville, Jany. 7th, 1SG4. 
Permission to visit Nashville on business connected with the regi- 
ment is granted to Col. C. R. Thompson, Surg. G. Stegman and Lt. 
W. S. Cain, r2th U. S. Colored Troops. 
By Command of Maj. Genl. Rousseau. 

(Signed) B. H. Polk, 

Capt. and A. A. G. 
I Certify the above to be a true copy. 

Chas, R. Thompsox, 

Col. 12th U. S. C. T. 

Exhibit "F." 

Certified Statements of Losses in Retreat and during the Battle of 

Camp of the 12th Regt. U. S. Col. Inftv., 

Kingston Springs, Tennessee, 

January 28, 1865. 
General: I have the honor most respectfully to transmit here- 
with duplicate Monthly Returns (also Invoice Xo. 1, Roll No. 1, and 
certified statements of losses No. 2 and 3) of clothing, camp and 
garrison equipage for which I was accountable during the month of 
December, 1864. 

As this is the first time I have ever had the unpleasant duty of 
reporting Government property as lost or destroyed, I am anxious 
to learn if there is any error or irregularity in the vouchers I present ; 
%nd if there is any error or irregularity, I would be much obliged 
to have them returned at the earUest date, with information as to 
how I shall proceed to place my property returns on a more satis- 
factory basis for your office. 
I am, General, 

Very respectfully, 

Your obt. servant, 

William S. Cain, 
Captain Co. "C," 12th Regt. U. S. C. Infty 
Brig. Gen. M. C. Meigs, 

Quartermaster General U. S. A., 
Washington, D. C, 

I Certify, That the following ordnance and ordnance stores 
for which I am responsible, were lost in the battle of Nashville, De- 
cember 16, 1S64, under the following circumstances : The company 
forming part of the 12th Regt. U. S. C. I., 2nd Colored Brigade, in 
charging a battery near the Franklin pike, and on the left of the -1th 
Army Corps, were repulsed, and the following named enlisted meii 
were so severely wounded as to be unable to carry the ordnance and 
ordnance stores set opposite their names, off the battle-field, .\fter 
( 116) 



the regiment was re-formed and the portion of the battle-field we 
had fought on fell into the possession of the 4th Army Corps, we were 
ordered to the front, and I had no opportunity to secure the articles 
enumerated below. 


CUm TI. 



Clas. IX. 

or Rifles. 

Accoutrements. ] Appendages . 













1 1 

; 1 



5- "S i 














Ashby Ward 

Simon Elli.son .... 
Berr.v Parkeson... 

John Pernell 

Edinon Vallentine.i 

Private. . . 
Private.. . 
Private. . . 
Private.. .' 



, 1 1 


1 : , 

1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 
1 1 1 


Total Los.s i 



5 5 5 n o 5 n n' .=>' .=> n 2 .5 


I Certify the above is a correct statement. 

William S. Caix, 
Captain Co. "C," 12th Regt. U. S. Colored Infantry. 
Indorsed as follows: 

Voucht?r No. 4. 
No. .3. — Certified St.\te.mext of Losses in B.\ttle. — By Wil- 
liam S. Cain, Captain. 12th Regt. U. S. C. Infantry, December 16, 

Note. — If application for pensions should be made hereafter, 
Morris Scales, Adam McDaniels, William Butler and George Sims 
were left sick or disabled on the battle-field at Na.shville, by rea,son 
of sprains or contusions in climbing rail fence, &.c. 

I Certify, That during the battle of Na.shville, in accordance with 
orders from Colonel Charles R. Thompson", Commanding 2nd Col- 


ored Brigade, I moved my company in light skirmish order early 
in the morning, December 16, 1864, leaving my knapsacks and shel- 
ter tents in the trenches. After proceeding .some distance up the 
Xolan.sville pike and developing a considerable body of the enemy's 
cavalry on our left, I Avas ordered to close in and connect with the 
troops on our right, and shortl}' after received orders to rejoin the 
regiment near the Franklin pike. After being engaged all day we 
marched several miles toward Franklin at night, and since that time 
I have been unable to recover the following camp and garrison equip- 
age, left in the trenches as herein stated : 

.Vo. or Quantity. 

60 Si.xty Knapsacks ; Serviceable. 

30 Thirty Shelter Tents | 20 Good— 10 New. 

William S. Cain, 
Captain Co. "C," 12th U. S. C. lufty. 

I Certify that the order referred to in the above certificate was 
given in accordance with directions received from Maj. Gen. James 
B. Steedman. Chas. R. Thompson-, 

Col. 12th U. S. C. I., Comdg. Troops on N. & N. W. R. R., 

Lately Comdg. 2nd Brigade Colored Troops. 

I Certify on Honor. That the following articles of camp and 
garrison equipage were destroyed for want of transportation, or 
thrown from the wagons by unauthorized persons, during the retreat 
from the line of the Xa.-hville and Xorth Western Railroad, Tennes- 
see, on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days of December, 1864: . 


TT Quantity. 







Twenty-one . . . 









Rotten, torn, 



Canteens and Straps 



Camp Kettles 


Mess Pans 


■ 2 








Eight •.. 







Drum Sling 

Drumstick Carriage 


Pickaxe Handles 


I further certif}', that in consequence of the murder of 1st Lieu- 
tenant D. G. Cooke, Actg. Regt. Quartermaster 12th U. S. C. Infty., 
and the absence of the Lieut. Colonel -u-ho commanded during the 
retreat, I am unable to procure the usual certificates in regard to the 
above losses. William S. Caix, 

Captain Co. "C," 12th U. S. C. Infty. 

I Certify, That on the 1st day of December, 1S64, I turned over 
the following named articles to 1st Lieut. David G. Cooke, Acting 
Quartermaster 12th Rest. U. S. Colored Infantry, for transportation: 

Ninety 90 pounds picket Rope. 

Six Thousand 6.00U Elongated Ball Cartridges, calibre .574. 

Six 6 Packing Boxes. 

I further certify, that 1st Lieut. David G. Cooke, Acting Quarter- 
master r2th Regt. L'. S. Colored Infantry, informed me after our ar- 
rival in Nashville, Tenn., that the articles above enumerated were 
taken out of the wagon on the retreat from the N. & N. W. R. R., 
Tenn.. and destro\'cd, to prevent them falling into the hands of the 
enemy. In Consequence of the murder of Lieut. D. G. Cooke by 
men of Forrest's command, and the absence of the Lt. Colonel who 
commanded during the retreat, I am unable to procure the proper 
certificates, and forward this certified statement. 

I certify that the above is a correct statement. 

"William S. Cain', 

(In duplicate.) Captain Co. "C," 12th Regt. U. S. Colored Infty. 

I Certify, That on the 30th day of November, 18G4, I endeavored 
to procure transportation for the following ordnance stores, and re- 
ceiving a positive denial from all sources, I destroyed the articles 
before we retreated : 

Nine (9) Packing Boxes. ' 

The murder of the Regimental Quartermaster, and the absence of 
the Lt. Col. who commanded at the date above mentioned, prevent 
me from getting the usual certificates. 

W1LLI.A.M S. Caix, 

(la duplicate.) Captain Co. " C," 12th Regt. U. S. C. Infty. 




Showing how my company dwindled down from the Battle of Nashville to the 
temperature, from the 16th of December, 1864, to the 28th of December, 1864. 
attack, until we ran up to the Limestone river and found the bridges burning, 

I Certify. That the following Ordnance and Ordnance Stores for which I am responsible were 
portation to take these articles I'o-ward. I instructed the men to en<leavor to s:et Their 
ant David G. Cooke, Acting Quaitermaster 12th Regt. U. S. Colored Infantry, being mur 
ruanding Regiment. 


D.*.TE AT Pl.\CE.S at which THE 

WHICH THE Soldiers were Left Sick 

Soldier was qr sext Back to by R.ul. 
Left Sick. 

Morris Scales 

Thomas Butler. . . . 
Adam McDaniels. . 
Joseph Beasley. . . . 
William Butler. . . . 

Georse Sims 

Gilbert Abernathv.. 

Frank Burton 

Thomas Bisdon.. . . 

Albert Dunlap 

Aurelius Depp 

Clayborn Harver... 

Joseph Moore 

Harrison Mason 

William Mason . . . . 
Henry MrDanieLs. . 

Louis Skillions 

Jackson Townsend. 

James Williams 

Burrell Anderson ... 

Mack Ball 

Fletcher Mason. . . . 

; 1st Sergeant.. 

i Corporal 

I Corporal . . . . 

i Corporal 

■ Private 

I Private 


: Private 

i Private 

I Private 

j Private 

1 Private 

I Private 

' Private 

I Private 

j Private 

, ! Private 

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I Private 

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i Private 

! Drummer .... 

Dec. 16, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 16. 1864 
Dec. 26, im-i 
Dec. 16, 1864 
Dec. 16, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dtc. 26 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1S64 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 26, 1864 
Dec. 28, 18(i4 
Dec. 28, 1864 
Dec. 28. 1864 



lefield, Nashville 

back to Huiitsville, .\ia 

lefield. Nashville 

back to Hunts ville, Ala 

lefield, Nashville 

lefield, Naj^hville 

hark to Huiitsville, Ala 
back to Huntsville, Ala 
back to Huntsville, .Ala 
back to Huntsville. Ala 
back to Huntsville, Ala 
back to Huntsnlle, Ala 
back to Huntsville, Ala 
back to Huntsville, Ala 
back to Hunt.-vill^, Ala 
back to Huntsville, Ala 
back to Hunt.-,\ ille, Ala 
back to Hunt.-ville. Ala 
back to Huntsville, Ala 
at Decatur, .\lu. . . . 
at Decatur, .Ala. . . . 
at Decatur. .\la. . . . 

Total Ordnance left with sick men. Co. "C," 12th U. S. C. infty 

I Certify, That after the battle of Nashville, December 16, 1864, until we commence-! to 
for any ordnance stores in this regiment. 
In duplicate. 



taking of Decatur, Alabama, by reason of slight wounds, sickness, and freezing 
Part of the time (two nights and most of three days) on platform cars, expecting 
December 26th, 1864. 

left with the sick men at the dates and places mentioned, and that I could obtain no trans- 
arms. &c.. to some hosjiital and turn them over to the Surgeon in charge. First Lieiiten- 
dered, I am unable to obtain his certihcate, but append the certificate of the Captain Com- 



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KixGSTO.v Spri.ngs. TEN.\E.s.sf;E, .January 28, 186.5. 
I Certify, That the above is a correct statement. Willia.m S. C.\ix, 

( In duplicate.) Captain Co. "C," 12th Regt. U. S. C. Infty. 

move back at Jonesboro. Alabama, in January, 1865, we were unable to procure transportation 

Henr'>^ Hegner. 
Captain 12th U. S. C. I., Comd'g Re?t. 

Exhibit "H." 

Showing necessary military restraint in time of Civil War. 

Hd. Qks., Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, 

July 18th, 1862. 
Provost Sergeant William S. Cain, of Co. "C," 8th K. V., has per- 
mission to visit Leavenworth City, Kansas, to be absent until retreat 
this day. 

He will report to the Provost Marshal and pickets. 

Jas. M. Graham, 
Robt. Manville. Capt. Co. "C," 8th K. V. 

IstSergt. Co. "C,"8thK. V. 

John T. Burris, 

Lieut. Col. 10th K. V., 

Office Provost Marshal, 

Nashville, Tenn., January 26, 1864. 
Guards and Pickets : Pass Lt. W. S. Cain. 

B}' order of Brig. Gen. R. S. Granger, Commanding Post. 

Good for 10 days. 
Sam M. Kunlaxd, 

Capt. and Assistant Provost Marshal. 

Head Quarters Department of the Missoxjri, 

St. Louis, Mo., March 11th, 1864. 
Lt. \Vm. S. Cain, Adjt. 12th U. S. C. I., is in this city by proper 
authorit}', and is hereby authorized to remain until March 12th, 1864. 
By command of Major-General Rosecrans. 

O. E. K. Arnold, 

Captain and A. D. C. 
( 122 ) 


Hkad Quarters Department of the Missouri, 

St. Louis, Mo., March 21.'<t, 1864. 
Lt. Wm. S. Cain, 12th U. S. C. I., is in this citj' by proper authority, 
arid is hereby authorized to remain until 12 o'clock p. m. today. 
By command uf Major-Geueral Rosecrans. 

O. E. K. Arnold, 

Capt. and A. D. C. 

Head Quarters Militarv Commander, Louisville, 

Louisville, Ky., March 28, 1804. 
Guards will pass bearer, Lt. Wm. S. Cain, throuj^h city for one 

By order of Col. "S. D. Bruce. 

20th Ky. Vols. Comd'g. 


C. C. Adams, 

Lieut, and Post Adjutant. 

Exhibit "I."— Conclusion. 

"Gloria in excelsis."— Congratulatory. 


Head Quarters Department of the Cumberlaxd, 

Near X-^hville, Texx., December 16, 1SG4. 
Gexeral Orders, } 
Xo. 167. I 

The Major General Commanding, with pride and pleasure, publishes 
the following dispatches to the Army, and adds thereto his own thanks 
to the troops for the unsurpassed gallantry and good conduct dis- 
played by them in the battles of yesterday and today. 

A few more examples of devotion and courage like these, and the 
Hebel Army of the West, which you have been fighting for three 
years, will be no more, and you may reasonably expect an early and 
honorable peace: 

"By Telegraph from Washington, D. C, 
December 16, 11:30 a. m., 1864. 
To Major General Thomas: 

Please accept for yourself, officers and men, the Xation's thanks 
for your good work "of yesterday. You made a magnificent begin- 
ning. A grand consummation is within your easy reach. Do not 
let it slip. (Signed) A. Lincoln." 

"By Telegraph from Washington, D. C, 
December 15, Midnight, 1864. 
To Major General Thomas: 

I rejoice in tenrlering to you and the gallant officers and soldiers 
of your command, the thanks of this Department for the brilliant 
achievements of this day, and hope that it is the harbinger of a de- 
cisive victory, and will'crown you and your army with honor, and 
do much toward closing the War. 

We shall give you an hundred guns in the morning. 

(Signed) Edwin M. Staxton. 

Secretary' of War." 



"By Telegraph from Washington, D. C, 
December 15, 11:45 p. m.. 1864. 
To Major General Thomas: 

Your dispatch of this evening just received. I congratulate vou 
and the Army under your command for today's operations, and feel 
a conviction that tomorrow will add new fruits to your victory. 
(Signed) U. S." Grant, 

Lieutenant General."' 

By command of Major General Thomas. 

Wm. D. Whipple, 

Assistant Adjutant General, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 


Head Quarters Department of the Cumberland, 
Pulaski, Tenn.. December 29, 1864. 
General Orders, ) 
No. 169. ^ 


The Major General Commanding announces to you that the rear 
guard of the flying and dispirited enemy was driven across the Ten- 
nessee River on the night of the 27th inst. The impassable state of 
the roads, and consequent impossibility to supply the Array, compels 
a closing of the campaign for the present. 

Although short, it has been brilliant in its achievements, and un- 
surpassed in its results by any other of this war, and is one of which 
all who participated therein maj' be justly proud. That veteran 
rebel army which, though driven frpm position to position, opposed 
a stubborn resistance to much superior numbers during the whole of 
the Atlanta campaign, taking advantage of the absence of the largest 
portion of the Army which had been opposed to it in Georgia, in- 
vaded Tennessee, buoyant with hope, expecting Nashville, Murfrees- 
boro, and the whole of Tennessee and Kentucky to fall into its power 
an easy prey, and scarcely fixing a limit to its conquests, after hav- 
ing received the most terrible check at Franklin, on the 3()th of No- 
vember, that any army has received during this war, and later met 
with a signal repulse from the brave garrison ot Mu.freesboro in its 
attempt to capture that place, was finally attacked at Nashville, 


and . although your forces were inferior to it in numbers, it was hurled 
back from the coveted prize upon which it had only been permitted 
to look froni a distance, and finally sent flying, dismayed and disor- 
dered, whence it came, impelled bj' the instinct of self-preservation, 
and thinking only how it could relieve itself for short intervals from 
your persistent and harassing pursuit, by burning the bridges over 
the swollen streams as it passed them, until finally it had placed the 
broad waters of the Tennessee River between you and its shattered, 
diminished and discomfited columns, leaWng its artillery and battle- 
flags in your victorious hands, lasting trophies of your noble daring 
and lasting mementoes of the enemy's disgrace and defeat. . 

You have diminished the forces of the rebel army since it crossed 
the Tennessee River to invade the State, at the least estimate, fifteen 
thousand men. among whom were killed, wounded or captured, eigh- 
teen General Officers. 

Your captures from the enemy, as far as reported, amount to sLxty- 
eight pieces of artillery, ten thousand prisoners, as many stand of 
small-arms, several thousand of which have been gathered in, and 
the remainder strew the route of the enemy's retreat, and between 
thirty and forty flags, besides compelling him to destroy much am- 
munition and abandon many wagons, and unless he is mad, he must 
forever relinciuLsh all hope of bringing Tennessee again within the 
lines of the accursed rebellion. 

A short time will now be given you to prepare to continue the work 
so nobly begun. 

By command of Major General Thomas : 

Wm. D. Whipple, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 

Assistant Adjutant General.