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|itit0b}0jra 




or THE 



REV. JOSEPH TRAVIS, A.M., 

A BUEHBfiR OF THE MEMPHIS ANNUAL GONFERENCE. 

XMBKACXNG A BUOGIHCT 

filSTOBT OF THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHUBCH. SOUTH; 



y PAJtnOUlASLT 

'^IN PABT OF WESTERN VIRGINIA, THE CAROUNAS, 
QEOBGIA, ALABAMA, AND MISSISSIPPI. 

WBB 

SHORT MSM0IB8 OT SSTSRAL LOOAL PBEACHERS, AND AN 

ADDRESS TO HIS FRIENDS. 



EDITED BT THOMAS 0. SUMMERS, D.D. 



PUBLISHED BY E. STEVENSON & F. A. OWEN, AGENTS, 

FOR m MMHOOm mSOOPAL CHT7SCB, MOTH. 



[ 



r5?F '.:-•■' T-ORE J 



• »• 




f ■» 



<^.0j .\ . ■ . JixlA^ . .Cyitl* 



» R 



L 



STZE^OTYPBD AND PBINTED BT A. A. STITT, 
■E0UTH3BV MXTHODIST PXTBUSmNG HOUSE, NA8HTILLS, TXMll. 



Conttnis. 



1 



Editoxial Non 7 

Pbxvaox 9 

CHAPTER I. 

My Birth— Parentage— BemoTBl to Yirgima — My early Beligious Im« 
pressions — ^My joining the Church — Great Beyiyal of Religion in 
HarriBonbnrg — ^Bemoyal to Sonth Carolina — ^My Conyersion — ^Ex- 
ercises of BiGnd abont Preaching — Admitted on Trial in the Sonth 
Carolina Conference, December, 1806 Pagb 18 

CHAPTER n. 

Some remarks on the Rot. Joseph Ererett — ^Brunswick Circuit, to 
which I was appointed — People of said Circuit — Sparta Circxut — 
Bey. Jesse Lee— An Anecdote of Robert Martin — ^Annual C<mfBr- 
enoe within the bounds of my Circnit. 82 

CHAPTER in. 

Stationed in Georgetown — ^Prospects at first gloomy — Few Mem- 
bers — ^Persecntion rages against me — An nnezpected Reyiyal takes 
place — Three hundred added to the Church, white and colored — 
Rey. William Wayne— Stationed in Columbia, S. C. — Rey. Claiborne 
Clifton — ^My sainted Mother professes Sanotifioation under one of 
my Sermons — Annual Conference at Columbia — Bishop Asbury in 
lelation to my studying Greek, etc. — Stationed in Wilmington, 
N. C. — ^Rey. Jesse Jennett, a great and good man — The Society — 
fh0 Colond People^I married this year ,..«,....,...,.« 62 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER IV. 

Conference at Camden — I am delegated to the first Qeneral Confer- 
ence held in New Tork, May 7, 1812 — ^Be-stationed in Wilmington 
— ^Rey. James £. Glenn, a delegate, accompanies me to the Oeneral 
Conference — Remarks on said Conference — Jesse Lee and Asa 
Shinn on the Local Elder question — Betom home — Bey. Jesse 
Jennett had well supplied my place — ^Again stationed in George- 
town — History of the commencement of Methodism there, aad at 
Charleston — Located, and remoyed to Marion Court- House in 
charge of an Academy 73 



CHAPTER V. 

Beddence at Marion Tillage — Bishop Asbury*s Tldt to me — Bey. 
William M. Kennedy— Bemained in charge of the Academy three 
years — ^Preaching on Saturdays and Sundays 89 



CHAPTER VI. 

Better the Itinerancy — l^tioned in Fayetteyille — Matters aod 
Things in the Station — Vhei protracted meeting — ^My daughter 
Mary Ana bom — A History of the rise of Methodism In {"ayette- 
Yille : 100 



CHAPTER VII. 

Appointed on ihe Pee Bee District, embracing Lynch's Creek Circuit, 
Black Biyer Cirouit, Little Pee i>ee Cireult, Bladen Circuit, Deep 
Biyer Circuit, Brunswick Circuit, C^eorgetown Station, Fayetteyille 
Station, and Wilmington Station — ^Bidiop MdEendre^-^^Our Trayel 
to the Virginia Confdrence-^Bemained on this District Four Con- 
secutiye TearB— Li 1820, was Delegated to Ae General Conference 
at Baltimore— Bemarks on said Conferene»««Bey. WilUaib M. Km- 
John Gamewitt .•.•.i...w««...^ «»..«^»... ^7 



GOHSSHTi^, 



OHAPTEB Vm. 

Appointed to Ogechee Distriei — ^Histoiy of tht riso of Mothodism in 
Qwapa, — ^Thomu Qnmphries, Hopo HnU, and others of preciona 
memory, descanted upon— •Remained on this district three jear»— 
Dr. Ignatins Few — Bishop Roberts — ^Dr. Olin — James E. Qlenn-^ 
Lndns Q. C. De Tampert — John Porter — ^Delegate to the General 
Conference of 1824 at Baltimore— Dr. Loyick Pierce — Rey. Mr. 
Bfoeoe— Rev. Mr. Hannahr— Rey. Mr, Snmmerfteld— At the end 
fji the Conll»enee year loeated ;.....>.« 128 



CHAPTER IX. 

Took charge of Mount Ariel Academy, now called Cokesbury— > 
Preached regularly on Saturdays and Sundays — ^AbbeyiUe Court- 
House— James Moore and wife— Lewis H. Dayis — ^Reyiyal in my 
School at Mount Ariel — Seyen young men firom it enter the Itine- 
rancy — Daughter marries — Myself and wife go on a yisit to my 
relatiyes in Virginia — Some interesting occurrences while there- 
Follow our daughter to (Georgia — ^Become a Supernumerary — ^Next 
year effectiye, and stationed in Milledgeyille, Qa 145 



CHAPTER X. 

Transferred to Mississippi Conference, and stationed in New Orleans 
— ^Vicksburg — Holly Springs — Sommeryille, Memphis Conference- 
Bishop Soule— Judge £. McGehee — John and Hugh McQehee— 
Judge Lane — Bishop Morris, Malcom McPherson, and John M. 
Holland — ^Affliction in Sommeryille— Superannuated — ^Death of my 
wife — Second marriage — Death of my daughter — ^Visit to Yir- 

pnia 162 

1* 



6 CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER XI. 

Short Memoirs of Local Preachers : Josiah Askew — ^Beigamin Blan- 
ton — ^William Gassawaj — ^Valentine Cook — Coleman Carlisle — Mark 
Moore — George Clarke— John Harper — ^Henry Ledbetter — Samuel 
Cowles — Jonathan Jackson — James Douthet — Hanoyer Donon — 
James Crowder — James Hill — ^Ashley Hewitt — Joseph Tarpley — 
Hilliard Judge ^ 1»4 

CHAPTER Xn. 

An Address on Brotherly Love — Class-meetings — ^Prayer — The Fash- 
ions and Amusements of the World— Holiness — Beading.... »... 219 



(Btiiuhl Itott. 



In the Preface to this Autobiography^ the venerable aathor 
indirectly apologizes for the unstudied^ colloquial style in which 
it is written. As he did not; however^ write for carping 
critics^ but for Christian friends^ there was no need for an 
apology. The author empowered the editor to make such 
changes in the work as he might see necessary, in preparing 
it for the press; and this, of course, he has done; but he 
has not interfered materially with the free and easy style 
of ^^ narrative old age" which characterizes the book. An 
editor, in our opinion, ought not to use his prerogative very 
extensively in* editing an autobiography — especially such a 
one as the present, in which the modes of expression, no less 
than the subject-matter, reproduce on the printed page the 
individuality of the writer, who may have been seen and 
heard in the pulpit and at the hearth-stone by many of hi^ 
readers. Thousands perhaps will purchase the book and pe- 
ruse it with delight, because it is "Brother Travis," or 
"Uncle Travis," who speaks, and not his editor for him. 
Those who have no personal acquaintance with the author 
wi)] be well paid for their perusal of his blo^'^h.^. "Mau^ 



8 EDITOEIAL NOTE. 

an honored name belonging to the heroic age of Methodism 
18 here embahned ; and many an interesting incident is told 
respecting the worthy men of other days — the elders who 
have obtained a good report^ and to whom the present race 
of Methodists sustain a filial relation. Such men and their 
deeds ought to '^ be lA everlasting remembrance.'' 

Nashyillx, TxNV.y Sept 8, 1856. 



5Pnfattt. 



I HAYl been solicited, more than once, to write out 
a history of my life and travelSy but I alwi^s hesitated, 
from the fact that I had never accustomed myself to 
writing for the press ; and also that the matter afford- 
ed might not compensate the reader for the trouble in 
giving it a perusal. 

However, being by affliction confined to my house for 
nearly two years, and consequently compelled to dis^ 
miss my school, and having no particular employment 
to engage my ajttention, except preaching at my own 
house once a fortnight, sitting in my chair, I at length 
concluded to write out a brief history of my life ; em- 
bracing at the same time some historical facts in rela- 
tion to our Church in Western Virginia, North and 
South Carolina, Georgia, etc« This I thought might 
be interesting to the reader, and might especially 
Q;x}H¥i ib/p iupi^^4il^ <^^ wd xm^e^ifid appro- 



10 PREFACE. 

bation of the great Head of the Church towards us, 
as a branch of his general Church militant — ^he having 
so wonderfully prospered and so abundantly blessed the 
itinerant toils and labors of our fathers, as pioneers of 
Methodism in the above-named Southern States. 

The statement of these facts must always be matter 
of gratitude and thanksgiving to God by the younger 
class of Methodists, and the recollection of them by the 
aged fathers and mothers in Israel, who may be yet 
surviving the tomb, will not only impart much joy and 
delight, but must constrain them to cry out : " See what 
great things the Lord hath .done for us !" 

In writing this little book, I have studied perspicuity 
and sententiousness. Hence my language in the gene- 
ral is simple and plain, more designed for common 
readers than the more learned. 

I am aware that the critic may find some things on 
which to animadvert ; but this to me is matter of little 
moment, in view of the grand object for which I write 
—the manifestation of the grace of God towards myself 
as an individual, and to the Church of which I am an 
unworthy member, but to which I have belonged, and 
which I have truly loved these fifty-four years and 
upwards. 

I have yet another object in view, and that is, that 
I may continue to speak, when coffined and sepulchred 
in th^ silent tomb. I want to bdtldiiigisome good when 



11 

dead and gone ; and I do troat that this little manual 
may hare the desired effect. As to my itineraneyj *! 
am completely laid an the shelf by affiction, I fear for 
life, being in fact a real MephAoshethj ^ lame in both 
feet." But I do thank Crod that I have the nse of my 
eyes and fingers. And I abo retain some (if not an 
abundance) of the powers of ratiocination. Hence, 
with my pen, I will now try to promote the cause of 
onr common Christianity. I only lament that I had 
not accustomed myself in earlier life to the task and art 
of composition. Yet if I fail in the florid and gorgeous 
style, I will aim at the comprehensive. 

In introducing several of onr local brethren, of whom 
no public notice had ever been taken, I was fully con- 
vinced I should afford some satisfaction to their numer- 
ous friends and relatives, who would like to ascertain 
those parts of Immanuel's lands in which they toiled 
and spent the prime of their days whilst in the itin- 
erancy. 

Several little interesting anecdotes of our fathers in 
the ministry appeared under my signature in the 
Christian Advocate, of Nashville, ten years ago; but 
as a^ood story cannot be too often told, and many may 
have never read them in that periodical, and those who 
may, have by this time measurably forgotten them, I have 
again introduced the substance of them in this work ; 
though by no means verbatim^ as I had no reference to 



ili^M nmnber^ irritten by me fbr- the Adyocate, liheu I 
feasted tbie work. 

My only eipology for my ehort addreisa to my frienda 
ttod acquamtanoeB in the South is^ that I sincerely 
love them) and deairp, from the ^oond and bottom of 
my hearty to meet them in heay^. And my prayer to 
Qod IB, and shall be, ^^ that they may be saved-" The 
reader will, in sheer justice to- myself, keep in rec(d7 
lection that I have written oat the whole of thia 
work iqider circmnstancee by no means lavorf^Ue, as 
I have had a chronic rheiimatism in one leg and 
foot, which at times deprived me of any rest or sound 
sleep through the entire night ; as also, the erysipelas 
otL the other leg and foot ; but my age and multiplied 
aflBUctions seemed to whisper in my ear, ^'What thou 
doest, do quickly." Hence, such as it is, I present it 
tQ the inspection of a charitable, religious, and friendly 
community. And if by so doing, I shall afford any 
good to my fellow-creatures, or in any wise benefit the 
Ohurch, or in the least degree advance the glory of 
GFod, my object is gamed^ and I shall feel myself more 
than compensated for my labor. 

JOSEPH TRAVIS. 

OaziTA Q|LOVB» near 0reiiAda> Miss., 
ApU 2^th, 1356. 



^■ 



S-tttffHtfgrapJj 



Of THl 



REV. JOSEPH TRAVIS, A.M. 



CHAPTER I. 

Hj BirUi— ppftrentage— RemoTal to Virgiiiiar— My earlj Beligioas Im- 
presnons — Mj joining the Ohnreh — Great BeyiTal of BeUgiop in 
Harrisonbnrg — ^BemoTal to South Carolina — Mj Oonyerrion — ^Ex- 
ercises of Mind about Preaching — Admitted on Trial in the South 
Carolina Conference, December, 1806. 

I WAS bom on the IStli of September, 1786^ in Har- 
ford county, Maryland, in what wa$ then called Bond's 
Settlement, about twenty miles above Baltimore. My 
father, Robert Travis, was of English descent; my 
mother, Phebe Travis, of French, extraction : her maiden 
name was L'Estrange. 

I was the youngest of fourteen children; and 
was almost miraculously saved from death at the 
age of only threte days, at which time my father's 
house was burnt down. In the midnight hour the house 
was discovered to be all in a blaze ; and, in the hurry 
and bustle of r^cuing my mother from the devouring 
flames, I was for the moment fcargptten. But just a 

2 (18) 



14 * AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THE 

little before the roof fell in, a young lady, t^ho at that f 
time was staying with my mother, recollected me, rushed 
back into the house, and was fortunate in snatching me 
from impending ruin. As the roof fell in, my afflicted 
mother recollected me, and exclaimed, " My child ! my 
child is lost !" When the young lady presented me to 
my mother, she cried out, " Let the house and all go I 
my child is safe !'* The narration of this scene to me, 
by my dear parents, has tended to iospire gratitude to 
my heavenly Father, whose providential care was thus 
manifested towards me in my helpless infancy. 

My parents were members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church before I was born — ^having connected themselves 
with the Church under the ministry of the Rev. Free- 
bom Garrettson, or the Rev. Wilson Lee, I am not 
certain which. Li the year 1789, my parents moved to 
Virginia, and settled in Rockingham county, where they, 
as soon as practicable, united with the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church in that section of country ; and my father's 
house was always the welcome home of the weary and 
weather-beaten itinerant preacher. Young as I was, I 
have a distinct recollection of the Rev. Messrs. George . 
Wells, John Pitts, Morris Howe, Valentine Cook, and 
Enoch George, (who was subsequently made bishop,) 
yea, and of many others, of whom it may be truly 
«aid, they "were burning and shining lights." Some of 
the above-named men of God frequently preached 
in my father's neighborhood, and especially at a little 
village, about four miles distant, called "Rock Town," 
but, at this time, a considerable town called Harrison- 
burg, concerning which place we shall speak more fully 



BSV. JOSEPH TRAvis, A. It. 15 

hereafter. Among those who but occasionally visited 
that section of country were Joseph Everett, Joshua 
Wells, Seely Bunn, and William McKendree, (afterwards 
bishop,) all names and men of precious memory — some 
of whom I shall again bring into view. 

I was about three years of age when I met with an 
accident that crippled me for life : whilst playing with 
some tools in my father's shop, I struck one in the joint 
of my left knee ; and before the wound became healed, 
I had a fall from a chair which gave it a wrench, causing 
what is vulgarly called the joint-water to run out. My 
knee and leg immediately became greatly swollen : so 
much so, that the first physician that my father employed 
was for amputating the leg above the knee, against 
which my dear mother most solemnly protested. An- 
other physician was called in; and, after three long 
months of incessant attention by him, and unremitting 
care and nursing by my mother and others, I was so far 
restored as to be able to hop about a little, and ultimately 
to go limping with but Uttle pain or inconvenience. But 
my leg remained crooked, and my knee-pan entirely out 
of place — ^in which situation it remains to the present 
day, (March 8th, 1855.) Yet "goodness and mercy 
have followed me all the days of my life,'' as you will 
perceive in the sequel. 

A year or two after this affliction, my parents moved 
to the village before mentioned, namely, "Rock Town." 
Here I was put to school ; and my associates were in 
general of quite a wild and wicked character. Whilst 
in the country, I had no temptations to vice : my sainted 
mother had early taught me to pray, to refrain from bad 



limgnage, and to reverence and l^eep holy the Sabl)atb 
daj* When thwe was no public worship convenient for 
us to attend^ mj father wonid frequently have public 
worship in his family three times on the Sabbath day, 
namely, morning, noon, and night. 
. After being in the village a year or two, I was pre- 
vidled on by some of the village boys one Sabbath to 
join in a company of bird-nest hunting. My parents 
knew nothing of the circumstance. It was customary 
with my father at family prayer, at night, to call upon 
some one of the children to read a chapter. This night 
(Sunday night) he turned round to me, and said, ^^ Joseph, 
you will read for us." The request went like a dagger 
to my poor sin-smitten soul. What, I ! who have been 
breaking the Sabbath in hunting birds' nests, now to read 
in family worship ! — ^it would be the height of hypocrisy ; 
and to disobey my father would be a heinous un. I 
heutated for some time ; but the request or command of 
my £a>ther being renewed, I ventured to the table, on 
which lay the good old family Bible; and, with 
tremblingv limbs and a guilty conscience, I opened the 
sacred volume, and read as well as I could — ^I know not 
how. After prayer we all retired to bed. But, alas 
for poor me! sleep had departed; and the sweet re- 
storer of nature and of rest could not be wooed by me. 
My guilty conscience haunted me like a ghost. I kept 
silent until about midnight, when I could no longer re- 
strain my feelmgs. My groans and cries awoke my 
parents. My father called to know what was the matter. 
I made no reply ; but continued my incessant groaning 
and weeping« Finally, my father came to o^e, lay dow;^ 



Biy. JO«SPK Ti(AYI9f A. If. 17 

'oa the bed with me^ luad after some length of time I 
went to sleep. That was the first and last bird's nest 
that I ever hunted on the Sabbath day. Should any 
child read this my sad story of Sabbath-breaking, let 
him take heed, and avoid the rock on which I had so 
unfortunately split. Or if, like me, he has already been 
guilty of the act, then should he with repentant tears 
and deep groans return unto the Lord, and beg forgivo- 
nesa. And parents! you who may read it, permit 
me to say, Teach your children early and betimes the 
fear of the Lord — teach them to pray, to l^eep holy 
the Sabbath day; and this teaching will^ow with tiieir 
growth, and strengthen with their strength : yea, " train 
up a child in the way he should go ; and when he is old 
he will not depart from it." 

At another time I was much tempted to swear, to be 
m fashion with other boys. But the fear that my 
mother might hear of it completely repelled the tempter, 
and to the present day I have never used a profane 
^ord. Thanks be unto God for a pious mother! 

My religious impressions continued to increase. I was 
attentive to church, and to private devotion ; and I do 
think that I was happily converted at the age of about 
eleven years* At that time, I felt a joy and peace in 
believing that I never before had experienced. But I 
unfortunately kept my feelings to myself, and by de- 
grees those happy feelings left me* I nevertheless con- 
tinued pimctual to my church and to private prayer* 
At times, particularly under preaching, my heart would 
be tendered, and tears would flow in abundance. The 
enemy of mj soul now fell upon a new method to draw 
2* 



18 AUTOBIOORAPHT OF THS 

« 

me off from God tknd the deep concern of my soul's 
salvation. 

I was seyerely and awfdlly tempted to infidelity, yea, 
to downright Atheism. Again and again have I had to 
look up to the sun, to convince myself that there was a 
God, who built the skies, and formed the earth with all 
its vast apparatus. I became afraid to read my Bible, 
it appeared to be so full of contradictions, and so many 
passages entirely beyond my comprehension ; and yet 
to doubt the Bible and the existence of a God were 
equally abhorrent to my mind. It was ncrt very long 
after this attack of the Devil upon me, before two of 
my schoolmates passed from time into eternity. One 

of them, Mr. G , was a wild, wicked, and profane 

youth. After he quit school, he became a clerk in a 
store in our village. A respectable farmer one day 
stepped into the store and inquired for a Bible. Young 

G asked him what he wanted with a Bible. His 

reply was, for his children to read ; upon which the 
unfortunate G remarked sarcastically and indig- 
nantly, that "there was not a word of truth in it." 
The moment he uttered these blasphemous words, as he 
afterwards acknowledged, an arrow from Jehovah's 
quiver fastened in his guilty soul, imparting sorrow, 
anguish, deep and black despair ; and he forthwith pro- 
claimed that the door of mercy was shut against him, 
and his damnation sealed. I saw him about a week 
after this unfortunate circumstance took place with him. 
But, oh ! may I never again look upon such a haggard, 
wretched, and terrific countenance ! His friends had to 
trstcb bim day and night, to prevent hia l^jm^^oWit 



EST. J08SYR TRArtBy A.M. 19 

hands npon himself. Howeyer, a few days after I saw 
him, when one of his brothers who was appointed to 

watch him accidentallj fell asleep, yonng G^ 

seized the opportimity — ^hastened to the woods^ — ^hnnted 
a grape-vine — ^tied it aronnd his neck— climbed a tree — 
fastened the other end of the grape-vine to a limb — 
gave a spring oflF — ^broke his neck — ^and landed in an 
awfnl eternity. Thus ended the days of poor Mr. 

G . And if such be the result of infidelity, (Jod 

deliver me from it ! 

Another but far different instance of mortality took 
place with another of my schoolmates, William Steward 
by name. He was a moral, upright, modest, and high- 
minded youth. When taken sick, he was about sixteen 
years of age. During his sickness, he became con- 
vinced of the necessity of a radical change of heart. 
He sought and found the pearl of great price. I heard 
of his extreme illness, and went to see him the night he 
died. He had not turned himself in bed for four days, 
and was speechless. The physician, who, by the way, 
was a Methodist preacher, concluded to have prayer in 
the room where Mr. Steward lay : not, as he thought, 
for his sake, whom he viewed already unconscious of 
any about him, but for the sake of the company present. 
But whilst at prayer, Mr. Steward rose up in the bed, 
with the death-rattle on him, and shouted aloud, — 
Glory ! glory ! glory to God ! I am going safe home to 
heaven! — meanwhile clapping his pulseless hands to- 
gether, and raising them in token of complete victory 
over death, hell, and the grave. He gently laid his 
head on bis dfjing-pillow, and in a shoTt tme breathed 



hia last^ withpiit a sigh or grpao, and winged bia hi^pjr 
flight to the regions of endless blia^. The language q£ 
my heart was, ^^ Let me die the death of the righteous^ 
and let my last end be like his," I went borne, but didl 
not enter the house. I sought a fence-corner in the 
darkness of the night, and there, upon n^y bended 
knees, I coTenanted with my heavenly Father, if h» 
would but giye me the religion of William Steward, I 
. would serve him all my days. The wretched death of. 

the unhappy Mr. G , and the triumphant death of 

Mr. Steward, both combined, silenced and completely 
dissipated my doubts in reference to the holy Scriptures* 
Here were facts, and, as they are sometimes called, 
^' stubborn facts," which, like to figures, cannot lie ; and 
thus being able to ^^tum and discern between the 
righteous and the wicked,'' I no longer hesitated in 
mind what course to pursue, but fully determined to 
serve the true and living God, and to seek for genuine 
and experimental godliness. And the more effectually 
to obtain this grand and glorious end, I concluded best 
to join the Church; and accordingly on the 1st of 
April, 1801, at a night meeting held by that amiable 
and excellent man of God, the Bev. James Payntec, of 
the Baltimore Conference, I presented myself for trial 
in the Methodist Episcopal Church at Harrisonburg, 
Roctoigham county, Virginia. And just here, for the 
benefit of the young, as I was at that time only between 
fourteen and fifteen years of age, now that almost fifty- 
four years have rolled around, allow me to say that I 
have never for a solitary moment from that time to this 
ivpented that act of joining the Church. It is truQ I 



BKT. JOSEPH TEATIB, A.H. 21 

did it tremblingly, fearM that I would not iralk as con* 
OBtentlj as a dinrch member should, and that in aU 
]m)bability in less than two jears I should be expelled 
the Chsrdi. I had my weaknesses, and I was con- 
flcioos of the fact: levity and making fnn was par- 
tieidarly a besetting nn of mine. But thank God, in 
leiB than two years I became hap^y converted, and 
mM made to rejoice in the pardoning love of Gkni. 
Howev^, after joining the Church, for some time 

««I nst^ in the •utwwd law. 
Nor knew its deep design.^ 

Li 1802, the Rev. James Ward and the Rev. Leonard 
Cassel were appointed on Rocldngfaam Oircnit. Mr. 
Ward, I presume yet Uving, was at that time among the 
UTOBt nsefol preachers. Wherever he went, revivals 
generally attended his labors. Mr. Cassel, though 
jcmng, and in the first year of his ministry, was most 
cotdially received, the Lord being with him and abund- 
antly blessing his labor of love. He travelled eight or 
nme years, filling important stations, and died at his post, 
full of faith and the Holy Ghost, deeply and sorrowfully 
lamented by his charge in Baltimore, as well as by thou- 
sands of others acquainted with his gifts, graces, and 
usefulness. 

The Church, however, in Harrisonburg, the fore part 
<»f this year, was in a deplorable state of lukewarmness, 
and prejudices among the members abounded much more 
than did the grace of God. I can never forget the 
night I attended my class, when the leader sang and 
ptnjtdf tmfolded his ckss-paper, butat mtx) %i 1L<^ ^ 



22 AUTOBIOGEAPHY OF THE 

tears, and with a half-choked utterance said, ^^ Breth- 
ren, go home, I cannot meet you in class to-night." He 
picked up his hat and walked out : after which, in slow 
and awkward procession, the rest of us followed. 

On my way home, passing by the stable of the class- 
leader, I heard a groaning in the stable — the sound 
being that of a human being. I approached nigher^ 
and it being a moonlight night, I peeped into the stable 
through a crack, and there distinctly saw the class- 
leader (James Burgess) upon his knees, begging God to 
have mercy upon the Church. Oh ! that we had more 
such leaders in this day as he then was ! 

There was an appointment for Bishop Asbury to 
preach in our village, which called forth a goodly 
number of hearers. He was accompanied by the Bey. 
Nicholas Snethen and the Rev. Enoch George. All 
three preached — ^first, Bishop Asbury, in his orthodox 
and regular manner, producing serious attention : then, 
Mr. Snether, in his eloquent and rhetorical style, aflford- 
ing delighted attention: then, Enoch George, by his 
heavenly pathos, his weeping eyes, and pungent truths, 
produced a iveeping attention. He began to break in 
pieces the flinty heart, and to melt down into tears the 
iceberg professors, whilst sinners in Zion began univer- 
sally to quake and tremble. But so it was — the meet- 
ing broke up without any special effort being made to 
get souls converted, and to build up the waste-plapes of 
our little Zion. Nevertheless, the good seed was sown, 
productive of a very rich harvest in quite a short time. 

Truly mysterious are the ways of Divine Providence. 
(fhdJiMs ^^bia w&j in the calm, in t»he storm, and in the 



BEY. J08&PH T&AYISy A.M. 28 

whirlwind/' And a thousand ways has he to carry 
oa the great, benevolent, and glorious work of human 
redemption; and he so ordered that that good work, 
already begun, should not stop at what it then was, but 
increase and deepen, until the entire breach of the 
Cliurch should be healed, and many more added to her 
numbers. This was brought about in a very unexpected 
manner. A youth by the name of David Shaver, an 
apprentice to one of our brethren in the village by the 
name of Sykes, was sent the next day (Monday) on an 
errand of some business to a Mr. Bryant's, a local 
preacher, living about six miles distant. Mr. Bryant 
inquired of young Mr. Shaver about the meeting in 
town, and he, (no professor,) to please the preacher, told 
him that they had a wonderful time^ and added that 
there was to be preaching again there to-night. Brother 
Sryant was so elated at the intelligence that he spread 
the news far and wide, throughout the length and 
breadth of his neighborhood, and lo and behold, a 
goodly number, from five and six miles round, collected 
in for preaching. It so happened that Brother Gassel 
was in town, and he concluded that, as the country 
people had ridden such a distance to hear preaching, they 
should not be altogether disappointed, and that he would 
endeavor to preach to them. So preaching was an- 
nounced in the town for that night, and a good congre- 
gration in a short time was collected together. About 
midway of the sermon, quick as lightning from heaven, 
the power and presence of the great Head of the Church 
was manifested in the midst. Ah ! it was truly glorious^^ 
fiinnera erying aloud for mercy, mercy — ^happy Chris- 



24 AlTTOBIOGltAPHT OT THE 

tialms shouting, Inkewfttm profeiltsorB weeping and groan- 
ing — ^wMle those who had been at variance with each 
other were now in each other's arms weeping, and mntu* 
ally begging each other's pardon for their hard thonghts 
and still harder words against each other, promising 
hereafter and for eyer, to live in brotherly love, and 
to pray for one another. 

The meeting continued until about inidnight. Next 
day they met again, and yet a greater display of glory 
and of power pervaded the entire assembly; and thus it 
continued, more and yet more gloriously, for eight days 
and nine nights, and at its conclusion one hundred and 
seventeen whites and several colored persons were added 
to our Church. Never did I witness, before or since^ 
such displays of divine power. Profane sinners, down- 
right skeptics, and God-defying wretches, would enter 
the church with their sarcastic grins, and countenances 
telling out upon them their rage and hellish malice at 
the work going on, and in less than ten minutes the very 
vilest of all such would be stricken to the floor, ad tf 
shot by a deadly arrow, and for an hour or so remain 
speechless, breathless, pulseless, and, to all appearance, 
perfectly dead — ^then, afterwards, with a heavenly Smiley 
look up, stand up, and shout aloud, "Glory, glory tc# 
God ! my soul is converted, and I am happy." Many 
became afraid to enter the church, and at a tavern one 
day it was asked by the company who would venture to 
go in and bring back the news of what was going on, 
when a Mr. Mackey proposed himself, as he was not 
afraid. I knew this young man well — ^he was amiable, 
only very wild and heedless about teli^sfn. t xLOtic^ 



&SV. JOSEPH TRAYIBy A.M. 26 

him when he came in. I saw him when he began to 
count the nnmber of persons then down on the floor. 
He proceeded as far probably as from one to six in 
connting, when down he came. He lay for about an 
hour. I remained close by him, and when he arose he 
commenced shouting '^ glory to God !" and taking me by 
the huid, exclaimed, ^' Oh ! had I known the power of 
God, I should not have resisted it, as I have done." So 
when he m^de the report at the tavern, he had, of course, 
to report himself among the number of the slain of the 
Lord. 

But the most happy convert that I witnessed, was a 
young man of talents, birth, and education, but a pro- 
fessed infidel. He came into the church, feaf'ing no 
consequences, and defying any power, human or divine, 
to make a fool of him ; when, astonishing to relate, in 
about ten minutes, yonder he lies, prostrated on the 
floor at his full length. Breathless and pulseless he lay 
for an hour or more, and when he rose, it was tremen- 
dously glorious — and of all the loud shouting and incessant 
shouting I ever heard, it took the lead. He afterwards 
became a minister of the gospel. for such times 
again in the churches ! Probably we might have them 
if we but had such weeping and praying class-leaders as 
the one I have just mentioned. I sincerely believe that 
this revival was in answer to that man's prayer. 
Lord, lay the worth of souls on the hearts of our official 
miembers, both of clergy and laity ! 

But where was I all this time? There I was in the 
very midst of the forked lightnings of divine truth, the 
thunders of divine power pealing all around me, the 
S 



26 ^ AUTOBIOa&APHT OW TH|B 

plain of tlie Lord luany at my feet. Bat strange as it 
loay i^pear, it is nev^heless a fact, that I remamed 
.4iiroiighout the whole scene of wondrous power and 
grace, unscathed and unhurt. Indeed, I was a mystery 
to myself: I could not fully rejoice witii those who did 
rejoice, nor could I weep with those who wept, feeling 
no condemnation. But, as before stated, the Lord has 
^* his way in the calm, and in the storm." My hour for 
salyation at last came, 'whea under a sermon of ^at 
great and excellent youth before mentioned, Leonard 
Cassel, I became most powerfully alarmed. He waa 
preaching on the unpardonable sin, and stated that any 
one who pronounced shouting to be the work of the 
devil, committed said sin;* when at that time a negro 
commenced shouting up in the gallery: I looked up, 
and the devil suggested to me, that that was the work 
of the devil; and immediatly again suggested to me, 
that now I had committed that sin in thought, which 
was just the same as if I had done it in speech. I had 
to bo shaken off my lees, and my foundation of morality 
removed some way or other; and I believe the Lord 
pennitted the devil to shoot at me with the^ breeoh*end 
of Ids gun foremost. I had not as yet built my hope^ 
of heaven alone upon the atoning merits of Christ : n^ 
morality, my prayers, and church-going duties were too 
much appredated by me, and in particular as regarded 
my future destiny. 

I now became despond^t, and fearful that I never 
should obtain salvation. In the autumn of this year, 

^ SPhf i«td«r wm hurd^ eiidorae thia opinion. — [Editoe, 



BKY. JOSIPH iPRAYZS, A.M. 27 

sjjMBrents moyed to South Carolina. I, all the time, was 
tndj wretched ; Imt determined, if I went to hell, to go 
there praymg for pardoning mercy. In the month of 
Jamitry, 1803, 1 was sent on an errand some four or 
ihre miles from home : it was nearly dark when I got to 
the place. Some folks were there drinking pretty 
freely: they a^ed me to drink. I refused: the enemy, 
as it were, whispered in my ear, You might as well 
tarn out at once, and drink and sport : you will never 
get religion, and you are sure of hell any way you may 
take it. I involuntarily gave my head a shake, idiich 
any of the company might have noticed, had they been 
looking at me. After I had attended to my errand, I 
started home in the dark, without tasting their liquor. 
On my way home I got lost. I threw lUie reins of the 
bridle loose upon my horse's neck, and prayed to the 
Lord to direct my horse homeward. About nine o'clock 
At night I reached home. All had retired to bed but 
<ny mother. I sat at the fire a few minutes, and then 
walked out to pray. In passing by the kitchen, the 
door being open, and the old cook not being in^ I con- 
duded that I would step in there and pray, as it was 
cold. It was my custom always to sit down and medi- 
tate awhile before I got upon my knees. Accordingly 
I sat down upon a bench, and, in meditating, asked 
myself the question. Did not the Lord hear my prayer 
to-night, in guiding the horse, and in bringing me safe 
home ? Does he not equally, yea, much more care for 
my never-dying soul? Will he not hear my prayer 
for its salvation ? Yes : he will. Se will. Hk does. 
Faith was immediately imparted to me« The smiles of 



28 AnT0BIOOBAB:HT Of THE 

the blessed Trinity rested on zne : my burden dropped 
off: my chains and fetters were broken: joy apran^gup 
in my soul ; and I was now enabled to hope in my 
blessed Redeemer. Thus I waa converted iu a kitohen, 
and upon a negro stool. bless God! thitt he is not 
Hmited to either time or place. Religion can alone 
impart solid and lasting peace, either in the kitchen ot 
in the parlor — ^in the negro but, cr in the palace^ of 
kings. I did not shout or make any noise, but I.has^ 
tened into the house. My beloyed mother, who all 
along had be^a deeply interested for me in my p^cuUiMr 
situation, and bad prayed for me hundreds of tim^ 
was sitting at the fire, knitting ; the candle burning \m% 
dimly, and but little light from the chimney ; but as I 
opened the door and stepped in^^e sprang from her 
seat, ran to me, took me in her arms, saying, ^' 0, my 
child, has not the Lord converted you? wre you not 
happy?'* With a gratirful heart, I replied, ^' YeSj yea^ 
I am now happy." But how she should know it was 9> 
mystery to me. She must have read it in my looks; 
but then she was so aged, and blind, and th^ lights so 
dim, I -could not tell how she could have distinguished 
looks at that distance. I am sorry that I never asked her- 
bow she came to find out the change wrought upon me^ 
That night I lay down happy, and awoke happy in 
the morning. But during that diby the enemy had well- 
nigh succeeded in robbing me of viy confidence — sug^ 
gesting to me that if I had been truly converted, I 
should have ahouted as other converts generally did. 
I however continued to pray, and my peace was again 
gradually restored to me. 



BSY. J08BPH TBAYISy A.M. 29 

My parents had designed me to study medicine ; and 
I accordingly went to live with a brother-in-law, (Doctor 
Wabh,) but after having remained some little time, I 
became dissatisfied with the profession, and entirely 
abandoned the thought of physic, and took up a school 
in the neighborhood, in which, by the way, I had to 
engage in public prayer with my students, which was 
a great cross. In visiting about in my neighborhood, I 
vaa frequently called upon to lead in family worship, 
and was ultimately (young as I was) appointed class- 
leader of our society. 

In the course of a few months, I became seriously 
concerned about preaching, but resisted the thought, 
fearing that it originated from pride, or might be an 
immediate and direct temptation of the enemy. This 
impression followed me for more than two years. 

I at length began to lose the life and power of re- 
ligion. I might pray in secret for myself, for my class, 
or for my parents^ and feel but little comfort ; but the 
very moment I would ask God to show me his will about 
my preaching, instantaneously my soul would become 
happy, and I would be ready to shout. Glory ! glory ! 
I notwithstanding continued to doubt my call to the 
ministry. Being lame, and young, and inexperienced, 
I would at times in a congregation look over, and see 
several hale, sprightly, and good-looking young men, 
and would be ready to say to myself. Now if the Lord 
wanted more preachers, how easily could he convert one 
of those good-looking young men, and thrust him out 
into his vineyard — they are so much better fitted for 

nsefviB^^ tiiao myael£, Ln^ust here relate a ^\»\!^ ^-^ 
3* 



3D ' AUTOBIOOSAPHT Of THK 

cnmstance, which, thotigh somewhat strange, was neTer* 
theless true. Lorenzo Dow was to preaeh in my neigh- 
b(HHIiood. I had never seen him, or he me; %«t hearing 
that he was pecuHarly pious, before I started to Chnn^, 
I retired into the woods, and prayed to my hearty 
Father that if it was his will that I should pttx^he 
wonld giye me a token by L. I>ow. I w^t ; and the 
congregation being too large for any hot»e in tibe village, 
he monnted a block in the streetr I was standing at Us 
right side, rather somewhat behind him. About midway 
of his sermon, he commenced a talk on the ministry, 
and finally tomed round to the right, and with his finger 
pointed at me, saying, '^ There stands a yonng man that 
the Lord intends to make a preacher, if he will but go' 
home and get more religion." Tmly, had the eaardi 
opened nnder my feet, I could not have felt much more 
consternation than I did on that occasion. That ni^t 
he was to preach at the house in which I was boarding. 
We had as yet no introduction, but after he had done 
preaching, he came to me, and said, ^^ Don't you think 
you ought to preach ?" I replied, if it was the will of 
Gh>d, I would try. Next morning he proposed the sune 
question to me. I made the same reply. He then asked 
me if I was a Calvinist. I answered, no; imd thatwas 
all that passed between us on the subject. It was bat a 
short time before it was suggested to me, that Dow 
might have noticed my countenance changing whilst he 
was dwelling uppn the ministry, and that that made 
him act as he did in p<Mnting me out in the whole con- 
^e^tion. I ag^in sunk into doubts relative to my call. 
Bat the retider must uidulge me a '\sl^\^ to^T^ \»k 



KXT. JOSKPH TmATIS, A.M. II 

refereoee to this sJ14mportmnt subject. I am no on- 
thosiast, in the genenJ sense of the word, nor do I Tiew 
myself as Tiskmary ; but I mnst hoe relate a dream 
that I had when quite a boj. I dreamed that there 
were twelye preachers at my father's house — ^Bishop 
Asbnry among the number; and tfiat one of the 
preachers took me in his lap, saying, " I must go with 
them." I at once fek willing, as also did my father, 
my mother scHnewhat hestating, I being her youngest 
child. She, howeyer, consented. The preacher gave 
me a piece of gold coin, saying that ^^ I had sold my- 
self to ihem ;" at the same time stating that *^he must 
write it on the calf of my leg ;" and I thought in so 
doing, he made a mistake, and wrote another name 
instead of mine. This dream rushed in upon my mind, 
just as fresh and impressiye as if it had transpired 
the previous night. Its implication to me was power- 
ful: ^'Remember that he wrote another name instead 
of yours. Now if yon bury the talent that the Lord 
has given you, he will take it from you, and give it to 
another." I ultimately yielded, and consented to obtain 
» recommendation from the Quarterly Oonference for the 
Annual Conference which was to meet in Sparta, QSorgia, 
December, 1806. During the sitting of the Conference, 
I remained at home, and made it my daily and nightly 
prayer, Ihat if the Lord did not will me to preach, that 
I might not be admitted on trial in the Conference. 
But I was admitted. And I thank Gbd for seeing pro« 
per to call me, unworthy as I was, to the sacred work 
of the ministry. 



S2 AUTOBIOOBAPHT OV tVUt 



CHAPTER II. 

Some remarks on the Rev. Joseph Eyerett — Brunswick Girctiity to 
which I was appointed — ^People of said Circuit — Sparta Circuit — 
Ber. Jesse Lee — ^An Anecdote of Robert Martin — ^Annual Confer- 
ence within the bounds of my Circuit. 

There were admitted with myself, in the South Garo- 
lizia Conference this year, the following brethren : — rOs- • 
bom BogerS) John W. Kennon, James Hunter, Solomon 
Bry^n, Charles Fisher, Joseph Harley, William Scott, 
Elias Stone, John Collinsworth, Bobert L, Edwards^ 
Angus McDonald, Leven Sellers, James Norton, and 
William Arnold — ^fifteen in all. There is only one re- 
maining on the itinerant list with myself at this date, 
1855, namely, William Arnold. The greater number 
have gone home to their reward in heaven. Dear Bro* 
ther Arnold and myself are yet lingering on these mor- 
tal shores. that our sun may go down serene and 
cloudless.; and that we may meet with those of our dass*^ 
mates who have died in the faith; and that in gl6ry we 
may be reunited, not in preaching Jesus and the resur- > 
rection, but in giving " glory and dominion for ever and . 
for ever to Him that loved us, and washed us from our 
sins in his own blood, and hath made us kings and 
priests unto God and his Father." 

In a few weeks after the adjounmieiit o£ Cjoii&ten.cQ^ 



BBY. J08XPH TBAYI8, A.M. 38 

Brother Beddick ^Kerce, wlio was m{^oiiited to the 
Montgomery Gircoit in North Caroliius passed through 
my neighborhood, and bron^t on mj appointment for 
Brnnswick Circuit, part in North Carolina, and part in 
South Carolina. We would journey together for sereral 
days; so he tarried a short qpace, until I got ready to 
start. I bade farewell to my affectionate parents and two 
sisters, and hastened my departure for my new and un- 
tried field of labor. That day we stopped at the house 
of an old acquaintance of mine, and got dinner. The 
old lady (a good Presbyterian) asked me where I was 
going. I answered her, ^^ On a circuit, ma'am.** ^^ On 
a circuit !" quoth she : ^^ I hope not to preach." I told 
hw"! was going to try." "Ah," says she, "Joe, it 
will be a poor preach that you will make." Well, I 
verily thought so too. But after dinner, I proceeded 
onward ; the old lady to the contrary notwithstanding. 
In a few days the weather became quite disagreeable, 
and on Sabbath morning it was snowing ; but not being 
80 well pleased where we stayed on Saturday night. Bro- 
ther Pierce proposed our journeying on. Having gone 
some miles, Brother Pierce's horse threw him, and he 
told me "that he viewed it as a judgment for travelling 
on the Sabbath;" and we determined to stop at the 
very first house we could get entertainment. We finally 
saw a house : we rode up. Brother P. inquired if two 
Methodist preachers could tarry there through the 
day and night. The prompt reply was, "No," So 
we had to journey on ; and after riding several more 
miles in the snow, we came to another house, quite 
decent in its exterior. Brother P. ^ain asked, "if 



84 AITTOBIOOBAPfit Of THI^ 

two Methodkt preachers could tany thmre until mom* 
ing." "I reckon so/* was the answer: "get down 
and come in." Upon entering, I found the interior yet 
more inviting than the exterior. The smiles of the gck)d 
lady of the honse, the mild and gentle manners of the 
children, all told ont that we had obtained a pleasant 
b^h for the rest of the day and night ; and npon fur- 
ther acquaintance we found that we were in the' friendly 
house of a Presbyterian clergyman, who had just returned ' 
from preaching that day to one of his congregations. 
And nothing would do but that one of us must preach to 
his family and servants that night, ilfoother V. called . 
me out, and said, " Brother Travis, you must preach to- 
night." I begged him again and again to preach him- 
self; that he was two years older in the ministry than 
I, also older in years ; and that it would be treating our - 
kind host and hostess with disrespect to impose such as 
I upon them. But he would listen to no argument from 
me. The good old Presbyterian lady's remark had 
haunted me i^l along : ^^ Poor preach, Joe." And now 
to get up before a learned Presbyterian preacher and 
his quite intelligent family, was to me no little cross. 
I, however, sang and prayed, and 4»ok my text, and 
did as well as I could ; but ever and anon, the " poor 
preach, Joe," of course would cross my mind. 

We left the kind and hospitable family next morning. 
No charge for either man or beast. Broths Pierce hacF 
a youth with him, afficted with rheumatism, whom he was 
aiding on 1^ his friends in North Carolina, and there 
was no charge for him. In a few days after this, I had 
to part from Brother Pierce, mucUto m^ fgd<e{ ted ia«q 



SBT. JOSBPH TBAYIfi, A.M. 85 

"^^gteU I tmlj found him all the way a pleasant, aooia- 
^le, and eyeary way agreeable companion. I loyed him 
^^en : I love him still ; and hope to love him in heaven, 
^rld without end* 

On the next Sabbath I reached Lnmberton, in North 
Carolina, and preached in that place, which formerly 
irw attached to Bnmswick Circuit, but now cut off, and 
fixed to Bladen Circuit, under the charge of Brother 
TluHnpeon, appointed to that circuit. I put up at a Mr. 
McNeil's, who was a Presbyterian, but his wife a feealout 
MethocBst, and is so to the present day, if yet liying, in 
Coyington, Louisiana. Her house eyer afterwards was 
my home for many years, when passing through Lum- 
berton. Few women in our Church, or any othw 
Church, deserye more esteem, and are more worthy of 
praise than Sister McNeil. The society at Lumberton 
at that time was small ; but the few were worthy mem* 
bers of the Church, and thus remained until remoyed to 
the Church aboye. 

Before I enter upon the history of my circuit, I will 
reyert to the yalley of Virginia for a little space. 
Valentine Cook, Seely Bunn, Morris Howe, Stephen O. 
Roeell, George Wells, John Pitts, Joseph Eyerett, and 
James Paynter, who, in my yotithfol days, were laboring 
in that section of the Lord's yineyard, haye all gone tc 
their sweet rest and blessed reward in heayen ; as also 
Bishops George and McKendree. James Ward and 
Joshua Wells, both of the Baltimore Conference I; think, 
are yet, in 1866, warring a good warfare, preadbing ai« 
oft and as well as they can, and, I trust, daily ripening 
for Iheir inheritance in a better world. 




36 AVTOBIOGBAPHT Of THS 

Joseph Everett was emphatically a man of €rod, and 
a minister that needed not to be ashamed, rightly divid- 
ing the word of truth, and giving to saint and sinner 
their portion in due season. He had his peculiarities — 
by some pronounced eccentricities. Yet, take him for 
all in all, he was for utility excelled by few, and for 
ufttirix^ effort, godly seal, and patient perseverance* 
equalled by none. I must here relate one or two inter- 
estihg anecdotes of this indefatigable pioneer of Method- 
ism in Western Virginia : 

' On a rather sultry summer's day, he was preaching iii 
the country, in his shirt sleeves, his coat being somewhat 
oppressive to his plethoric frame ; and, having reproved 
a certain son of Belial for misconduct in the house of 
God, he became so enraged that he forthwith made at 
Mr. Everett in the pulpit; upon which Mr. Everett 
wheeled round to him hastily, rolling up his shirt sleeve, 
and exclaiming at the top of his voice, ^' Do you think 
that God ever made this arm to be whipped by a sinner ? 
No, no !'' at tibe same time giving a tremendous stamp 
with his foot on the pulpit floor, at which the poor cow- 
ardly wretch turned as pale as a corpse, hastened down 
from the pulpit, and sneakingly walked out of the church. 
, Mn Everett calmly resumed the thread of his discourse, 
and finished his sermon, as if nothing had happened to 
interrupt him. 
.JkX another time he had an appointment to preach at 
/^%- ^ertai;! place to a people hitherto hardened, and to all 
nfpearance impregnable to all the artillery of gospel 
truths. Whilst giving out his hymn, a thunder-cloud 
very hastily came up. The thunder became more and 



BIT. JOSEPH TBAYIS, A.M. 37 

more soTdre. In time of prayer it was alarmingly so. 
Mr. Everett prayed for the thunder to come yet nigher* 
It came. He called out the second time, '^ Lord, send 
thy thunder still nigher!'' With that, the house ap- 
peared to be in a blaze with lightning. Sinners, both 
male and female, in almost eyery direction through the 
house, were prostrate, crying aloud for Mercy ! Mercy I 
The result was great and glorious. 

Strange to tell, a certain individual, the next day, 
went to a magistrate to inform against Parson Everett, 
stating to the magistrate, that he verily believed that 
had Mr. Everett called the third time, they would all 
have been struck dead ; and he believed that such a man 
ought to be legally stopped from travelling the country 
at large. The magistrate, apparently quite serious, 
asked him ^'if he really thought that Parson Everett 
had power with God?'* The man responded, "I really 
do." Upon which the magistrate replied, '^I then can 
do nothing with such a man. You will have to let him 

go. 

Mr. Everett had formerly been a Presbyterian, or one 
of what was at first called " New-lights,*' disciples of the 
great and good Mr. Whitefield. He unfortunately, how- 
ever, backslid, and became openly profane, and thus re- 
mained for some length of time. It pleased the Lord, 
in his infinite mercy and goodness, to reclaim him under 
the Methodist ministry ; and in the year 1780 he became 
an itinerant preacher. 

He died on the 16th of October, 1809. On the night 
of his death, about twelve o'clock, he awoke from a gentle 
slumber, and immediately his devout and pious soul 
4 



8S AtJTOBIOOBAPRT Ot TBM 

hettiti^ inflAmed with uncommon etstsagy and httarenlj 
joy, and in excIamationB of praise he shonled dioud, 
" Glory ! Olory !" and thus continned for about twenty- 
fire minntefi, and then ceased to shont and breathe at 
the same time. O ^^ let me die the death of the righteoos, 
add let my last end be like his." For nearly thirty 
years this truly excellent man bore the burden and heat 
of the day, on circuits, in stations, and on districts, and 
finished his course with joy and triumph. What encour- 
agement to the wayfaring, weather-beatto, and toiling 
itinerant to endure unto the end ! And what a delight- 
ful eternity to spend in association with such inmiortal 
worthies, who have gone before us, awaiting our arriyal, 
to hail us on that delectable shore of complete deliyer- 
ance. 

We might add much more in relation to our beloved 
Methodist Church in the fertile valley of "Virginia ; but 
as I do not design a voluminous work, we will let the 
brief remarks already made suffice, as fully evincing the 
grace of God in the Methodist ministry when and wher- 
ever our preachers have faithfully and zealously labored. 
Piurts of this valley will, however, again pass in review, in 
noticing our visits to that section of country cdnce our 
first removal from it to South Carolina. Meliiodism has 
continued its growth and unparalleled success in those 
parts, until it has become the most populous and most 
;|p(l|Ndar Church in that section of Western Virginia. 
' J^:* We willjaow return to make some remarks about the 
f'* ^Imdt to which I was appointed. John Collinsworth 
was appointed with me. We were of the same age in 
t&e ministry. He was perhaps a few months older than 



ESY. JOSEPH TEiiVIBy A.M. 89 

I. Th» ohl^rge of the circuit devolyed upon myself; 
and, yoraig and inexperienced as I was, the respon8i«> 
bilitj became greatly fearfdl; and what added to its , 
weight was, we had no presiding elder until the last 
quarter of the year. That gifted and lovely man, Rer. 
B^met Kendrick, was appointed on the district in which 
n^ circuit lay, but before he reached that part of his 
work his Master called him home to recdye his reward 
in a better world. The name of Kendrick was known 
and beloved by thousands : he had filled many import- 
ant town stations. At the Conference in Sparta, Dec^a- 
ber, 1806, he called for a location, which was reluctantly 
granted him. Hie entire Conference, loving him, and 
so greatly appreciating his real worth, they knew not 
how to give him up. He remained at Conference after, 
he obtained his location, sitting in the Conference-room 
dejected, and apparently deeply distressed, for several 
days. One morning previous to the adjournment of the 
Conference, he entered the room in a flood of tears, snd 
with a tremulous voice said, ^^ Brethren, will you forgave 
me, and take me back among you?" The heart-cheer- 
ing interrogatory was responded to with acclamations, 
yes, yes, yes I He was accordingly received .back into 
the Conference, and appointed on Camden District. But ' 
the great Head of the Church had appointed him his 
home high up in heaven. 

Jonathan Jackson was, by the bishop, appointeASPK 
his place, but he never reached our circuit until thrfidah^':'-* 
of tiie year — ^the last quarterly meeting for the circvjjiC^ i^'' 

About the first appointment I reached on the circuity 
I was not alittle concerned in witnessing what was oaSkd 



40 AtJTOBIOQBAPHY OF TIIX . 

th6 jerkn and dancing eocercUe* To nee p^aoiML ttmi* 
bling down and jerking, hard enough, I thought, to 
dislocate the joints ; women's oombs flying in every direc- 
tion^ and their hair popping ahnost as loud as wagon- 
whips~^I knew not what to think of it. I never before 
had seen the like; but ultimately came to the conclu- 
sion that religious people might have the jerks, but that 
there was no religion in the jerks — in which opinion I 
have remained steadfast to the present day. I can 
never forget one Sabbath, standing on a floor to preach : 
Brother Christie, a pious and upright man, the class- 
leader, was standing close by me ; and while we were 
repeating and smging the first hymn, he was taken with 
the jerks, knocked the hymn book out of my hand, and 
gave my unfortunate nose a hard rap. It was some 
time before I could recover from consterriaticm and pain ; 
and in spite of myself an association of ideas intruded 
upon me something like this: that if the jerks were 
from God, he would not wish me to preach to that con- 
gregation, under such mal-treatment inflicted on me 
by the jerks. I, however, endeavored to banish such 
thoughts, and proceeded in the usual exerciser, as if 
nothing had happened. I have always considered the 
jerks an incomprehensible sensation,' or agitation, pro- 
duced upon pious people. I ascertained the fact, how- 
ever, that they were far more prevalent with weak- 
minded and nervous professors, than with those of well 
ocdtiyated minds and healthful bodies. 
• Qwst predecessors on the circuit were James Bussell 
and John Porter — ^both men of zeal and revival qualifi- 
cations. I had to follow in the train as well as I could, 



-:" liiSV. >08SPH TBAYIS. A.M. dl 

and ^deftTor to keep up the revivaL I became some- 
what enthusiastic in thinking no good was done if there 
were no noise or shouting going on, hence I became 
quite vociferous, much to the injury of my longs and 
breast. The house of the Rev, Julius I. Grause, who 
lived within the bounds of the circuit, was my welcome 
home. He was a local preacher of note, and of first- 
rate talents* EQs concern for my happiness and well- 
being was truly apparent, which, of course, caused me 
to love him the more. One day, at his house, in his 
bland and affectionate manner, he says to me, '^ Brother 
Travis, if you had more faith and less noise, you would 
do equally as much good." More faith and less noise 
appeared to ring in my ears day after day. I verily 
believe it saved my life ; for my life, on one occasion, 
was despaired of — ^having brokeii a blood-vessel, I was 
taken up for dead from the floor, and lay insensible for 
an hour or more. But by the goodness of the Lord, I 
so far recovered as to proceed on my appointments, in a 
day or two, and by attending to Brother Gause's sug- 
gestion, I finally recovered. I shall never forget the 
excellent motto. More faith and less noise. 

My circuit was large and laborious. I began again to 
doubt whether Qod ever designed me for such a work, 
and I came to this conclusion : if no soul became con- 
verted under my preaching within six months from my 
coming on the circuit, I should take it as a signal that I 
was not in my proper place, and wend my way home- 
ward. Befora the close of the six months, a young 
g^itleman of rather high birth, good education, and 

interesting manners, under my poor talk^ became most 
4* 



42 AUTOBIOOBAPRT OV Vitf '^V^JT 

■ ■*••■» _ . ■ 

powerfully convicted: so mach so, thal'-ldtf 'i^Me borsl 
out » bleeding. He left the congregation^ took ihe 
woods, went to praying, and never rested until he was 
happily converted. He afterwards became an accepta- 
ble and nseful itinerant preacher in onr Church — tra* 
veiled several years — ^ultimately located — and when last 
I heard from him, he was a faithful, upright, and holy 
minister of the gospel. O may I meet dear S. J. in 
the kingdom of glory. S; J. is Samuel Johnson, known 
by hundreds. 

My circuit bordered on Wilmington, North Oarolina. 
I went to see the place, and spent a night with the Bey. 
Joshua Wells, then stationed in that town. He acted 
the part of a father to me, by giving an abundance of 
good advice, and particularly pressing upon me the 
necessity of study, letting me know that he often had 
gone with patched elbows in order to procure suitable 
books to read. This is the same Joshua Wells previ- 
ously mentioned by me, now a superannuated preacher 
of the Baltimore Conference, between eighty and ninety 
years of age. 

During this year, Brother Collinsworth and myself 
had seme good and gracious seasons of merciful visita- 
tions. A goodly number was added to the Church. 
Brother Collinsworth was truly a pious, zealous, and 
useful young man. There was somewhat ^f an ascetic 
spirit and temperament of mind exhibited by him, which, 
with those who were not acquainted with his real worth, 
rendered him somewhat unpopular. But he labored 
faithfully and prayerfully. He was emphatically a man 
of prayer ; and such he continued until the year 1884^ 



:i.'-«4anr. josxpb TftATts, a.v 



irhfla ke iMi ^dled to Us "inktiiUMe^ itteomqptiUcs, 
QiideSM, and Ail &dHk mI avmr." 

Tlmpe were <A tUi ciitvift a p^odhr Bvabar af local 
praadien, some of lAon ware brigkl aad duBiag fights : 
Backurd Groca, Mack bdored, and a good preacker; 
Jalhia J. 6aase,of ki^ standbigiii Ckardiand State; 
James King, kaid to excel in pal|iit dkHpenee; Sdwatd 
Sallhraii, a plain preaeker, and kamUe, farfant^ Ckrist^ 
ian; Dennis Hankins, simple-kcartedY BinearOi defoat, 
and kmakle, and a pretty good preadier: kekaaattkis 
time two sons firing in Grenada, Mississippi — ^Doet<Nr 
Wiffiam, a Bi^tist, and Samuel, a lawyer, a Pteeky* 
terian — kotk kigk-minded and konorakle gentlemen* 
O diat tkey may meet tk«r father in keaTen ! 

There were also on tkis cironit many pious, praise- 
worthy, and magnanimous lay memkers. Brotker Oikbs 
always Seated me as his own child. He also has two 
sons oat in this country, yii., John and Wilfiam, both 
members of the Methodist E. Church. There was also 
Peter Oaose, whose house was always open for the 
preachers — a good man, and a useful and honorable 
citizen, as well as member of our Church. He also has 
a son (Peter Chuse) Uying in Grenada, and also a 
member of our Church. His daughter, Jane Wilkins, 
died a year or so ago. As she is beyond the influ- 
ence of either praise or blame, I can write freely 
concerning her, which I will do in few words. And 
suffice it to say, that she was the accomplished lady, the 
thoroughgoing Christian, the steadfast Methodist, (yet 
no bigot,) the affectionate wife, the humane mistress, 
the land and attentire foster-mother, (having no child 



^v^ 



41 AUTOBIOOBAPHT OV TSB^^^ < 

of her own,) the obliging and tender-li&iiled noghbor : 
in short, she had but to be known in order to be beloyed. 
She is gone, bat no doubt has gone safe to breathe a 
more salnbrioiis air in the regions of bliss, perfectly 
freed from the aflUctions whieh she had to enoomiter in 
this vale of tears. Bethel Dnrant, John and Thomas Du- 
rante Benjamin Ganse, Thomas Frink, Bichard Holmesy 
Bobert Howe, and many others, brought me under last- 
ing obligations to them for their kindness, attention, and 
affection towards me. They most cheerfully bore with 
my weakness, and, as far as in them lay, endeayored to 
hold up my hands, and to sustain me in my work and. 
hbbr of love among them. But all these brethren, and 
many of the sisterhood, had their souls enlisted in the 
cause of Methodism and of vital Christianity. 

The circuit at large sent on a strong petition to Con- 
ference for the return of Brother Collinsw(»rth and my- 
self to them, which was not granted — ^{»robably all for 
the best. 

After our last quarterly meeting, I bade farewell to 
my Brunswick friends, and hastened onwards to my 
aged and widowed mother. My father died very sud- 
denly some months before. He had been afflicted with 
asthina for several years — sometimes better, then worsen 
The night on which he died, he prayed in the family 
with more than common feeling and strength. My 
mother being unwell at the time, slept in another bed. 
In the morning the cook called him for breakfast : there 
was no answer. My mother, alarmed, got out of her 
bed and went to him ; and, behold, he was cold and stiff 
in deaths without the sign of any struggle \7hatevet I 



So cmbSj iikam did he pass firom eftrtli, I trust to tbe 
jojB of parmdiae. He was aboat aeTentjotwo yeais of 

age. 

On my way lioine, in passing through Camden, I met 
wHk Bidiop Asbnrj and the Rer. Daniel Hitt, and tar- 
ried all night with them at Brother laaao Smith's. 
Bishop Asbory insisted on my going on to the Conference 
to be held in Charleston. I begged off, statmg that I 
had not seen my mother for nearly a year. He still 
innsted, and I continued my plea. He finally remarked 
that if I wished an appointment for the next year, I 
must come on to Conference. I then came out some- 
what boldly, and told him that the Discipline did not 
require my presence at Conference, being but a proba- 
tioner of the first year. I howeyer remarked that if 
afit^ I got home I found it practicable to come, I might 
do so. But after getting home, I did not feel like leay- 
ing again so soon. I wrote a few lines to the bishop, 
bogging to be excused, and to continue with my mother 
during the sitting of Conference ; which, I presume, 
satisfied the good old bishop, for in due time I received 
my appointment for the next year. 

January, 1808. I was appointed to Broad River Cir^ 
cuit, in Georgia, to labor by myself. But shortly after 
the adjournment of Conference, a change was made to 
accommodate Brother Abda Christian, who was appointed 
to Sparta Circuit. My name, however, on the printed 
minutes remained annexed to Broad River. 

Brother William Arnold was my colleague on Sparta 
Cfireuit, luid the Rev. Josiah Randle our presiding elder. 
Brother Arnold was of the same age with myself in the 



46 .jUTTOBIOOBiiPHT OF CBB 

imnistry, and aamewhftt old^ in jeuiL Tke tbagge 
of the cirenit again fell upon myself This, I Ymij 
thought to be a great blunder, Brother A. being, in my 
opinion, ererj iray better qualified f(»r taking charge 
than myself: being a larger, better loddng, and betler 
preaclung man than myself. Sut I submitted^ and did 
as well as I could. We had a pleasant yeu*. K'other 
Arnold ii jet liying, or I should remark pretty freely 
and fully eonoeming him. Suffice it to say, that I always 
found him a gentleman in the true and legitimate seauw, 
the humble and pious Christian, and the gifted and seal- 
ous minister of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

It was on this circuit that I became acquainted with 
that good man, Robert Martin, generally but Tulgarly 
called Bob Martin. He was somewhat eccentric ; but no 
4>ne presumed to doubt his genuine piety* His attach- 
ment to Methodism, with aU her rites and ceremonies^ 
stood forth in bold relief. The reader must here indulge 
me in the relation of a circumstance concerning him, 
which took place but a few years preyious to my coming 
on the circuit. The rule on slavery in our Church was, 
by some of our preachers at that time, imprudenil^ and 
very inJuriou$ly enforced, even in tiie slaye States. 
Ifoother Alartin was expelled tibie Church for eidiet 
buying ok selling a slaye— I am not certain which. But 
so it was, that notwithstanding his zeal, upright watt^ 
and undoubted piety, he was excommunicated. He con- 
tinued, howeyer, to attend church as regularly as oyer : 
yea, to get happy, and to shout ^^ hallelujah " and ^^gbry 
ta God." At one of our quarterly meetings^ on the 
ifibbihatb morning, Brother Martin waa thine ia due time 



UV. J08BPH TBAVI8, A.^l 47 

for loye-£M8t. But, alaa I for him there was no admit- 
tanoe. He lingered abont the outside door-posts for 
some time : he at length crept under the meeting-house 
floor. During tihe love-feast he became quite happj, 
and could no longer refrain, but began shouting aloud 
^^ Glory, glory." The intonation of his voice was recog- 
nized by the brethr^i and preachers holding the love- 
feast. The presiding elder spoke, saying, 'Uhat is 
Brother Martin ;" and forthwith ordered the floor to be 
ripped up, and to let Brother Martin in among them, 
which was immediately done ; and those who had even 
given in their voice for his expulsion now embraced him 
in their turns, weeping and praising Ood. The remain- 
ing part of the love-feast was truly glorious. As Brother 
Martin lived, so he died, full of faith and the Holy 
Ghost. This anecdote was attributed to James Bussel, 
the last year, in the Southern Christian Advocate. It 
was a mistake in the writer, for it was Robert Martin, 
of GecMTgia, and not James Bussel, of North Carolina. 

It was also on this circuit that I became acquainted 
with the venerable and sainted Myles Greene, who but 
the year before last fell on sleep, and left the walls of 
our Zion, to enter into the New Jerusalem, and to inhabit 
that building of God, a house not made with hands, 
eternal in the heavens. His care, attention, and advice 
to me on Ihis circuit, were not only thankfully received 
by me, but were truly advantageous at that time, and in 
afterlife. 

Another pious local preacher. Father Beece, did me 
much service. I trust that the good Lord has rewarded 
him aooordingly. Mai^y years ago he went h^xs^^ t^ 



4i8 ?^#iroBioaBAPHT ot tVt • 

Grod and glory. O the lasting benefit that pious, 
judicious, and experienced local preachers can confer 
npon the young and inexperienced itinerant ! May the 
great Head of the Church still incline them to the 
noble and charitable work. 

The yenerable and gifted Jesse Lee was on this cir- 
cuit the previous year ; and I must here be permitted 
to introduoe an anecdote in relation to him that year". 
He went to a camp-meeting in one of the adjoining cir- 
cuits, where they were threatened by a mob of ruffians: 
the Rey. Mr. Lee took the stand, and gave out for his 
text, "The good Lord, pardon every one." "Now,*' 
says he, " my introduction is as follows : at a certain 
time, when I was preaching in the New England Stated, 
a certain person at the door kept threatening to whip 
me as soon as I had done. There was present a large, 
athletic man, who had but recently joined our Church, 
who, immediately as I had dismissed the congregatioii, 
went to the door and cried out, * Where is the man who 
wanted to whip the preacher?' The man forthwith 
stepped forward, upon which the young Methodist, with 
one sure and certain blow, prostrated him. He called 
again, *Any more who wish to whip the preacher V A 
second individual stepped up, and the young Methodist, 
with equal facility, brought him to the ground. Bfe 
<5ried out the third time, *Any more ready to whip thfe 
preacher ?' With that, quite a bully presented himself. 
The young Methodist, after a little struggle with him, 
soon made him cry out enough. He called the fourth 
time, but no response was heard. Now," says Jesse, 
^^let us Methodists alone: you know not into wh«t 



^V. JOSEPH TBAyi8y.4j^» 49 

hands jon ftll when once jou begin to impose upon us." 
It had the desired effect : the mob retreated, and all 
vas quiet throughout the rest of the meeting. 

It was in this year that I became acquainted with the 
Bey. Joseph Tarpley and the Bev. Hilliard Judge, who 
were on a circuit joining mine. Both of these young 
brethren were admirably calculated to do much good. 
Whilst they continued in the itinerancy, their labor was 
abundantly blessed, and many, many soids were con- 
verted through their ministry. But they both married, 
and located ; and both have long since died, and I trust 
have gone to a better world. I expect to notice both 
more fully before I close this little work. 

I also this year became acquainted with the noted and 
celebrated James Bussel. He married, and located. 
He went home some years since. I also expect to 
Bpeak fully and satisfactorily in relation to him in this 
work — ^being intimately acquainted with him for several 
years. 

There were many lay members of our Church in this 
eircuit, of excellent character and depth of piety. 

In Sparta village, I can never forget, whilst the powers 
of my memory remain unimpaired, a Thomas Ford, 
a Dennis Byan, a Zadok, and Philip Turner, and a 
Brother Kennon. These and their families were worthy 
of being held in high estimation. In Powelton lived a 
Brother Doughty, the yery salt of the earth. In the 
country were a brother and sister Rogers, the esteemed 
parents of the Rev. Osborn Rogers, who for many years 
was in the travelling connection. He entered the same 
year with myself, is now local, but, as far as I <mQ 
5 



60 .K>4(|NOBrOQBAPHT OF TMT , 

learn, still faithful in and cmt of the pnfpit. There 
m^re also Bsrother iemd Sister Cooper, pareilts of our 
beloved Urban Cooper, who itinerated for a few years, 
located, and shortly afterwards went to his inheritance 
of light and glory in the spirit-land. Brother Cooper 
was a man of extraordinary pnlpit talents, and had he 
lived, would have been a star of the first magnitude in 
the SoaAeA galaxy of itinerant preachers. But God 
18 too wise fo err — too good to do wrong; hence we 
sabmit to the removal of such from earth to heaven. 

The Annual Conference, December 26th, 1808, was 
at Liberty Chapel, in the bounds of my circuit. It was 
held in the house of Brother Thomas Bush — Bishop 
Asbury presiding. The following brethren were re- 
<^ived on trial, viz. : — ^Moses Andrews, Bobert L. Een- 
non, William Talley, Nathan Eimbel, Lewis Hobbs, 
William Redwine, Antib.ony Senter, Nicholas Powers, 
Jacob Bumph, Michael Burge, Letns Pickins, John 
Henning, Joseph Saltonstall, William Capers, John 
Rye, Urban Cooper — sixteen in all. I know not 
that one of them is now alive — the great, good, and 
excellent Bishop Cap^s having recently ceased to work 
and to live. O the number of Methodist preachers 
that have died in these United States ! But, ah ! pleas* 
ing thought, if all have gone to heaven, what a glorious 
band will they form around the throne of God and the 
Lamb, singing, ^^ worthy is the Lamb that was slain to 
receive power, and riches, and' wisdom, and strength, 
and honor, and glory, and blessing !" that unworthy 
I may sweetly mingle with the beatific throng ! It was 
ottse obsenred by an intelligent gentleman, (though no 



-|MlT. JOSEPH TftAYISy A.*M. 61 

professor of religion,) that "Bishop Asbury would 
present a greater number of Christian soldiers at the 
bar of God than ever did a Bonaparte of military 
followers in his march against Russia." 

The deacons ordained at this conference were: — ' 
Osbom Rogers, John W, Kennon, Charles Fisher, Wm, 
Scott, Joseph Travis, Robert L. Edwards, James Hunter, 
James Norton, Benjamin Gordon — ^nine in all ; and all 
gone oyer the Jordan of death, except TVUlism Arnold, 
Osbom Rogers, and myself. 

The elders ordained were: — Reddick Pierce, John 
Porter, Lovick Pierce, John Hill, James Rudsel, and 
Amos Curtis — six in all ; suid, as far as I can learn, all 
have finished their course, and have gone home to their 
reward, except the two brothers Reddick and Lovick 
Pierce, whom the chief Shepherd and great Head of 
the Church has seen best to retain a little longer on 
earth, to aid in building up the waste places of our Zion, 
and to assist in advancing the cause of our common 
Redeemer. May they yet for years remain among ufl^ 
ts beacons for our younger itinerants ! 



62 autobioobapht or tbb 



CHAPTER III. 

Stationed in C^rgetown — Prospects at first gloomj — ^Few Mem- 
bers — ^Pctneention rages agi^st me — An nnexpeeted Eeyiyal takes 
place — Three hundred added to the Church, white and colored — 
Rey. William W&yne — Stationed in Columbia, S. C. — Rev. Claiborne 
Clifton — Mj sainted Mother professes Sanctification under one of 
my Sermons — Anni^l Conference at Columbia — ^Bishop Asbury in 
relation to my studying Greek, etc. — Stationed in Wilmington, 
N. C. — ^Rey. Jesse Jennett, a great and good man — The Sodetj-— 
The Colored People — ^I married this year. 

After the adjournment of Conference, January, 
1809, 1 hastened on to see my dear mother, with whoin 
I staid a few days, and took my departure for George- 
town, to which place I was appointed. By this time I 
had learned somewhat of the character of the town in 
which I was stationed — ^that for four years no preacher 
had heen appointed there. The last one whom they 
had — viz., the eloquent and indefatigable James H. 
Mellard — ^the inhabitants of the place, or at least some 
of them, had raised the light -horse infantry, etc., to 
drive him out of the place. I ultimately concluded that 
the bishop thought me of no account, and Georgetown 
of no account, and he concluded to put two no accounts 
together ; or that he'lnight have thought that two nega- 
tives might perhaps make an affirmative. I neverthe- 
}eBB, considerably dejected, wended my way towards my 



RSY. JOSSPH TRATISy A.M. 58 

destined place of labor ; and when I reached it, I fonnd 
Sr few females and about three males belonging to the 
Church among the whites : however, there was a goodly 
number of colored people in Society, many of whom 
were truly pious : also, among the whites, an aged local 
preacher, William Wayne, of blessed memory. On the 
ensuing Sabbath, I had quite a large congregation ; but 
entirely careless, and part, indeed, reckless. They ulti< 
mately got to smoking cigars in church in the time of 
divine service, and frequently at night pelting the 
church with brick-bats. My congregation, however, in- 
creased, and my labors among the colored people were 
apparently much blessed. I also got the good-will of 
some noted citizens, both male and female, some Epis* 
copalians, and others belonging to no Church. Some 
sons of Belial made an attempt for three nights to way- 
lay me and duck me in a pond not far from the church. 
The last night they made the attempt, we had a crowded 
house, and as I dismissed the congregation, a pious 
yellow man hastened to me at the pulpit, and requested 
me ta make my way out in the crowd, as several 
were at the door waiting to seize me. A gentleman 
indeed, and in truth, wealthy and influential, though no 
professor of religion, by the name of John Shackelford, 
heard of the intended assault upon me, remained at the 
door until I came up, saying to me, " Sir, take my arm, 
and I will protect you." He conducted me to a house 
where a sister Carr resided, not far from the church. 
I there remained for some time. At length, expecting 
that the mob had dispersed, her son, a young lawyer, 
went with me to mj boarding-house. When I reached 



S4 ^UTOBIO0BAPHT 09 THX- 

there ftt a late hour of the night, I found the greater 
part of my female charge sitting hathed in tean^ not 
knowing but that my enemies had made an end of me. 
Thej had sent to divers places in the town where they 
thought I might have secreted myself, but could learn 
nothing about me. But we now rejoiced together for an 
hour or two. I then retired to rest, and slept quietly 
the rest of the night. 

I continued preaching on to a crowded but thoughtless 
congregation until the month of May; at which time, if 
I had not sold my horse on a credit, and been moneyless,^ 
I should have left the place, in utter despair of ever 
doing them any good. 

I must here relate another dream I had ; and I do 
hope that the courteous reader will not hastily pro- 
nounce me superstitious. I dreamed one night that a 
huge and raging bull made at me at my church door, 
forbidding my entrance. I thought that many were 
standing around me, and rather carelessly looking (m. 
Z thought I cried for help, but not a soul would come to 
my assistance. I at length exclaimed, ^^ In the name 
of God, I seize you !" I caught hold on his horns, and 
twisted his neck entirely round, at which he ran &om 
me,, and appiarently crept under the church. I greatly 
Tcgoiced at the victory I had obtained. The dream im- 
pressed me, and I verily thought it ominous of success 
even in Georgetown. A few Sabbaths afterwards, I 
was preaching to a full house, on these words, "War a 
good warfare," designed to encourage and build up the 
few Christians among us. About midway of my sermon, 
I was strangely led off from the thread of my discourse 



BXV. JOSEPH TBAVISy A.M. H 

to address sinners. In a few minutes a tawdry-dressed 
ladj in the congregation fell from her seat, and cried 
aloud for mercy ; with that another in a different part 
of the house. The congregation involuntarily arose 
from their seats : not a smile to be seen, but a death- 
like paleness and deep consternation were depicted in 
the coxmtenance of every sinner. In a short time I 
hopped down from the pulpit — ^invited mourners ; when, 
lo and behold ! between thirty and forty presented 
themselves around the altar of prayer, all kneeling 
down in their silks and nice broad cloths. From that 
glad day the good work went on : yea, the ^^ bull was 
conquered" — Satan was driven down to hell, and many, 
many of his captives set at liberty, to rejoice in God 
their Saviour; and by "warring a good warfare," they 
have already obtained the prize, and, before their un- 
worthy pastor, have entered into their Master's joy. 

Our class^meetings and prayer-meetings would seldom 
break up before midnight ; and my worst enemies, and 
even those who had threatened to bum my church down, 
would now walk across the streets to come to shake 
hands with me. Some of the Episcopalians joined our 
Church. the change, the blessed change, wrought 
in Georgetown ! I now loved the place, and was truly 
glad that the good old bishop had sent me there. To 
the present day I love Georgetown. 

An Episcopal clergyman, by the name of Philip 
Matthews, (once a Methodist preacher,) attended one 
of my prayer -meetings. We had a gracious time. 
Several lay prostrate on the floor, speechless and ap- 
parently lifeless. The parson went about feeling the 



66 AUTOBIOGRAPHY 01 THS ' 

pulse of one, and then another : finally he came to me 
and said, "Mr. Travis, I want you to pray for me." 
"Well," says I, "kneel down here, and I will pray for 
yon." " !" says he, " I want yon to do it privately." 
I made no reply, but joined in the singing then going 
on. 

My labors were hard, but my work was sweet. For 
weeks the revival continued to increase ; with no help 
except the aged but zealous Father Wayne. Among 
the number of converts was a Frenchman by the name 
of Roque, a man of intelligence and good character. 
His besetting sin was profane sweaiing. At one of 
our meetings he became quite happy, when a certain 
good sister says to him, "Brother Roque, are you 
happy?" He replies, "Yes, yes: I is happy." She 
still looking him in the face, without any reply, he 
adds, " I swear I is happy." Poor man, he had been 
so accustomed to the phrase, that he had on that occa- 
sion forgotten himself. But he lived a pious and 
upright member of the Church for twenty years after 
this, died in the faith, and went home to glory. Halle- 
lujah ! glory be to God, for salvation and complete 
redemption, for every tongue, language, and nation, and 
kindred of people, who will but repent and believe ! 

This same Father Wayne had been for a length of 
time preaching to this people, both by precept and ex- 
ample, but apparently to no purpose. The good old 
man was also much grieved at his sons not being pious. 
There was a circumstance in relation to his youngest 
son (Gabriel) worth relating. Brother and Sister Wayne, 
with their youngest child, attended a quarterly meeting 



EST. JOSEPH TRAVIS) A.M. 57 

ffl the circuit bordering on Georgetown. On Sabbath 

morning of the meeting, in love-feast, Brother Wayne 

bocame quite happy. He left his seat and went to where 

Us little son Gabriel sat by his mother, took him up in 

^ arms, and then held him up as high as he could 

reach, and with streaming eyes exclaimed, " Here, Lord^ 

take Gabriel ! O do take Gabriel !" Well, Gabriel 

gro-ws up, and in his youthful days embraces religion 

fti^cL becomes a faithful minister of the gospel in the 

Methodist Episcopal Church; and after his father's 

d^ath, preaches in the very same pulpit that the good 

old patriarch "was accustomed to occupy. But in a few 

y^rs Gabriel is called home, to live with his father gone 

Wore him in the paradise of God. 

Did not the Lord, in answer to prayer, receive Gabriel 

that very morning that his aged and pious father made 

^ offering of him to Qt)d ? that parents were more 

^ the habit of giving back their children to God. I 

tjannot but believe that the Lord would receive the sacri- 

Cce, and that such children would become shining lights 

in the Church of God, and finally, heirs of immortality 

%nd eternal life. Reader, don't forget old Father 

^ayne and his little son Gabriel : don't forget Hannah 

«nd her little son Samuel ; but go thou and do likewise. 

Father Wayne lived to a good old age — ^upright and 

conscientious in all his doings. He was the nephew of 

the celebrated General Anthony Wayne, famed for his 

military exploits in the Revolutionary war; but his 

nephew was equally famed for his spiritual warfare against 

principalities and powers, against spiritual wickedness 

in high plaioefl^ and the rulers of ihe darknesB of this 



ir<»rld« And aa he lived, so he died, triumphing ov^ 
death, hell, and the grave. 

Many bright and exemplary members of our Church 
in Georgetown might h^e be introduced, such as Mrs. 
Sarah Johnson, Mrs. Frances Shackelford, Mrs. Wayne, 
Mrs. Oarr, etc. During the year we had several from 
the Protestant Episcopal Church to come over to ua. 
That Church was very friendly to me ; and in the ab^ 
sence of their pastor, would on all occasions call upon 
me to bury their dead, by reading the funeral service of 
their Church, etc. My health was graciously preserved 
throughout the entire year, and never before could I 
have thought that I could have undergone such an 
amount of labor without serious injury to my health. 
We added about three hundred to our Church in that 
little town this year, embracing white and colored — ^the 
precise number of each I do not now recollect — ^howeveor, 
the number of colored people was more than that of 
white. They sent on a petition to Conference for my 
return to them the ensuing year, which, by the way, war 
not granted — ^probably all for the best. 

I now take leave of my beloved charge, and jHroceed 
to Charleston, to the sitting of our Annual Conference 
Bish^ Asbury is present in good health and excellent 
spirits. He preached with energy and feeling. He 
also held a love-feast on Sabbath morning for the 
preachers — a good time. O that such exercises were 
more common at our Annual Conferences than they are : 
the result would be truly beneficial. 

This year the following brethren were received on 
IdaJ >r-Jefa& Bye, Frederiie Wimberly^ AlraM^er Tal* 



BBV. JOISPK TBAYIS, A. If. 5tt 

1^79 Alexander McEwen, Thomas Griffin, Albertop 

Jonesy John Jennings, John B. Glenn, Andrew Gram- 

bling, John Tarrant, Michael Dunn, John S. Ford, John 

Webb, John S* Gapers, James Capers, Henry D. Green, 

I^can King, Drury Powell, and Whitman C. Hill — 

^^^eteen in all. No wonder that Bishop Asbury felt in 

good spirits, in beholding such a reinforcement in the 

Itinerant ranks for the South Carolina Conference. But, 

^li ! solemn thought — ^where are these nineteen brethren 

^ow in 1865? By far the greater part have fallen 

^^ sleep in Jesus. Few, but very few, are yet remaining 

^ ^ this vale of teaxs. 

The following brethren were ordained deacons: — 
--Richmond Nolley, Charles L. Eennon, Coleman Hare- 
ell, Samuel Harrison, Benjamin Dulany, Christian 
umph, Thomas Mason — seven in all. I know not one 
emaining on earth. Our dear Brother KoUey was sent 
missionary to the very State I am now sitting and 
^Vriting in — the far-off Mississippi. He rushed through 
^hick and thin, through wet and dry, to prosecute his 
Xoission. His m,otto was, discharge of duty, regardless 
^ consequences. And in performing that which he 
Relieved to be a duty — in trying to reach a certain point 
^f his work — ^he got belated, had to lie in thf3 woods all 
xight, woii it being in the dead of winter, was found 
next day frozen to death. Blessed Nolley, thou art now 
resting from toil and labor, and sharing very largely in 
the ine&ble delights of endless glory ! 

The following brethren were ordained elders : — ^Wil- 
liam M. Kennedy, Bobert Porter, James ]B. Glenn, Sam^ 
nel Dunwoody, Abda Christian, Thomas Heaxihcockf 

d 



60 AtJTOBIOOEAPHY <«• THE 

Hilliard Judge, John W. Kennon, and John CoUmfi- 
worth, who was ordained one year earlier than the time 
in order to go on a mission to St. Mary's. These be- 
loved brethren have all gone: having filled np their 
measure of service on earth, the Master has called them 
to receive their hire. 



<< The lore of Christ did them eonBtraizv 
To seek the wandering sons of men : 
With cries, entreaties, tears, to save, 
To snatch them from the gaping graye. 



)) 



Thousands will rise up and call them blessed. 

The following brethren located at this Conference, 
viz. : — Samuel Ansley, James H. Mellard, Benjamin 
Gordon, Britton Capel, and James Jennings. If any 
-of these be living I know it not. I shall probably find 
no more suitable place than just here to make a few 
passing remarks in relation to Britton Capel. He was' 
the first one who gave -me license to exhort, and who, as 
the presiding elder, took my name to the Annual Confer- 
ence for admission on trial. He was a man that I much 
esteemed for his zeal and preaching talents ; and I was 
truly sorry when I heard that he had left us, and joined 
those who were then called the Reformed Methodists. 
Some years after I met with him, and sought a private 
interview, on which occasion I talked plainly, but affec- 
tionately and respectfully to him. He began to weep, 
and remarked, " Brother Travis, it is too late for me to 
retrace my steps and come back." This is the last in- 
terview I had with him. He has gone the "way of all 
desib, and is in the hands of \o& God. 



RET. JOSEPH TRAVIS, A.M. 61 

My appointment for January, 1810, was in Coltunbia, 
the seat of government of South Carolina. I proceeded 
onward, and reached my field of labor in due time. I 
was most cordially received by the Rev. Clairbome 
Clifton, generally styled Major Clifton. I lived and 
spent a pleasant year with him and his amiable wife. 
Brother Clifton was a wealthy and influential citizen, a 
good lawyer, and excellent Methodist preacher. He 
would at times when at the bar forget, and style the 
jury "dear brethren;" yet as a legal gentleman, he 
stood eminently high, and as a Christian and a Methodist 
preacher, he was deservedly esteemed by saint and sin- 
ner. He has long since gone to his inheritance and 
home in heaven. But Columbia Methodists should never 
forget Lawyer Clifton, Doctor Green, and Daniel Faust, 
Esq.— yea, and a Benjamin Harrison, who, though he 
4id not figure in either Church or state, yet fed and 
nourished the Methodist preachers to the utmost of his 
abilities, and was every way, when I knew him, a 
good and worthy man. A Brother Andrew Wallace, I 
understand, is yet living, and living to purpose, namely, 
to glorify God on earth, that he may enjoy his smiles 
and approbation for ever. Should Brother Wallace 
glance at this, I wish him to know that I still love him, 
have not forgotten his kindness to me, and hope to meet 
him in the paradise of God — the saints' everlasting rest. 
We had some good times this year: several were 
added to our Church, worthy and respectable citizens. 
I frequently would have to sit down in the midst of my 
sermons, by the loud bursts of praise and shouting under 
preaching. Brothef Clifton generally sat with his pencil 

e 



92 AUTOBIOOBAPHY OJt THS 

uid pi^per, noting any little blander I might make, and 
althongh he knew it at the time to be a mere lapBm 
Ungtice, yet to make me more cautious, he would present 
it to me. He was mj true and honest friend. 

I can never forget one Wednesday night, when preach- 
ing from these words, ^^ The Lord openeth the eyes of 
the blind : the Lord raiseth them that are bowed down : 
the Lord loveth the righteous." Whilst dwelling on the 
character of the righteous, and the love of the Lord 
towards them, my aged and sainted mother fell to the 
floor. I hastened through my s^tmon— left the pulpit — 
went to her, and remained by her until she again re- 
Tired ; and as soon as she did, she shouted aloud, and 
praised God for the witness of sanctifying grace. She 
retained the evidence thereof until her death, which 
took place the following year, when she left the shores 
of mortality in the most triumphant and glorious manner. 
My mother was deeply, pious, and beloved by all who 
knew her. Her talent in public prayer was rather ex- 
traordinary. Many a time has she been called upon to 
conclude meeting, after preaching, by prayer. She was 
truly conscientious in all she said and did — a strict ob- 
server of the Sabbath day, and a constant attendant on 
the means of grace. The Bible to her was emphatie- 
ally the book of books: the class-room and the love- 
feast were places in which her soul truly delighted. She 
was plain in her dress, and simple and unaffected in her 
manners. SLer heart was a stranger to guile and malice : 
she loved all — ^yea, even her enemies, if any she had. 
Take her at hpme and abroad, in the Church and in her 
domestic duties, and in her social iiitercourse, I much 



mS¥. J08XPH T&AVISy A.M. tt 

doubt if she was excelled by any waman then living on 
eartL Probably many of her grand-children and great- 
grand-children may read these remarks, made by her 
youngest child, and let them recollect that, although he 
]o7ed his mother, he has not painted her character in 
colors too glowing, or in language any wise ezaggerant. 
Wodd the limits of my little book permit it, I should 
like to write out many pages in reference to my beloved 
another. Suffice it for me to say to her grand and great- 
grand-children, follow her as she followed Christ; and if 
y<m ihxm do, you will assuredly meet yonr grandmother 
in heaven. I hope to meet her there myself, and to 
thank Grod that he blessed me with such a pious 
and godly mother. She was a member of our Church 
before my birth, and was over seventy years of age 
when she died. Her remains lie in the burial-ground 
in Columbia, South Carolina, to await that voice which 
awakes the dead, and summons home the elect of Qod 
from the four winds of heaven. I am conscious she 
will have a part in the first resurrection. 

There were many pious and excellent members of our 
Church that I was now shortly to leave. Besides those 
already mentioned, I ought not to pass by a Brother 
Ifoiee, who may yet be living; *■ a Colonel Hutchinson, 
and a Robert Waren, Esq., with their feimilies, much to 
be esteemed for their benevolence, sseal, and fidelity. 

It was in 1805 that Columbia had first a regular sta- 
tioned preacher, and that was Bennett Kendrick, already 
mentioned as my first presiding elder — ^in 1806, Samuel 

* J<^n fend Robert Briee are stiU <*exoeUent memben of oar 
GhorcV* in Coli|a»bia.^-[ED»6a. 



N 



64 AUTOBIOaRAPHT OF THI 

MiOs, a good and useful man ; in 1807, Dr. Daniel 
Hall, well known and beloved ; in 1808, Lorick Pierce, 
yet living, and that to purpose ; in 1809, Beddick 
Pierce, at present superannuated. 

Our Annual Conference was held in this place for 
this year, December 22d. Bishops Asbury and McEen- 
dree were present. The brethren received on trial 
were: — Solomon Bryan, John Ira Ellis Bird, John 
Postell, Lewis Hatton, John Boswell, Daniel Brown, 
Samuel Jenkins, John Sewell, Reuben Tucker, John 
Campbell, Aaron Mattoz, James Hutto, Samuel M. 
Meek, Thomas Dickenson, Andrew Pickens, Elias Stone, 
John Mullinex, Ashley Hewit, James Hays, and John 
Shrock — twenty in all. But, alas ! how few are now 
remaining— none in the itinerancy, except John I. E. 
Bird, a superannuated preacher in the Mississippi Con- 
ference. He claTTP? mp as his spiritual father ; and I 
would assure the world at large that I am not ashamed 
of having such an excellent and praiseworthy spiritual 
son. 

The following Vethren were ordained deacons: — 
Moses Andrew, Robert L. Eennon, William S. Talley, 
Lewis Hobbs, Anthony Senter, Nicholas Powers, Jacob 
Rumph, Thomas D. Glenn, William Capers, Urban 
Cooper, Joseph Saltonstall, and John Henning — ten in 
all — ^not more than one or two at present surviving the 
grave. 

Those ordained elders were: — Osbom Rogers, Charle0 
Fisher, Joseph Travis, William Scott, Robert L. Ed- 
wards, James Hunter, James Norton, and Jesse Stansel. 
I know not of any living, except mj unworthy self. 



Biey. JOSEPH tratib, a.m. 65 

The following brethren located: — Alda Christian, 
Epps Tncker, James Hunter, Thomas Hearthcock, 
Charles Fisher, Samnel Harrison, and John Henning. 
KeddicA Pierce received a superannuated relation to the 
Conference. I think that none who at this time located 
are now on earth. 

Bishop Asbury ordained the deacons, and Bishop 
-ilcKendree the elders. At this Conference our congre* 
Rations were' large, attentive, and serious ; and I must 
^^lieve that considerable good was done. When my 
^ame was called in Conference, and the usual question 
^-eked, if there was any thing against me, my presiding 
^Ider (Roddick Pierce) answered, " Nothing against him.'* 
was in the act of walking out, and got nearly to the 
oor, when Bishop Asbury remarked, "I have some- 
against Brother Travis." I turned round to ascer- 
kin what it was. He said that he understood that I 
Ixad been studying Greek this year. I pleaded guilty to 
^lie charge, but remarked that in so doing, I viewed 
'^^[lyself as treading m the footsteps of some of our most 
^^orthy and excellent brethren, such as George Dough- 
erty, and many, many others. He made a few remarks 
^^n the danger of preachers' neglecting the more import- 
^.nt part of their work, viz., "the salvation of souls," 
for the mere attainment of human science. He then 
Ibade me ' retire. The next day, meeting with me by 
^myself, he took me in his arms and gave me an affec- 
tionate hug, requesting me not " to think hard of his 
xemarks to me the day before : that he merely designed 
whipping others over my shoulders." 

I took it all in good part, for I always did truly 
6* 



€6 AUTOBIOOEAPHT Ol* TH|B 

esteem and love Bighop Asbury. O tliat our Church 
may never become unmindful t>f the toils and piivationi 
of this excellent man of God, and apostle of American 
Methodism. Bishop Asbury was not opposed to science) 
and particularly that science which aided in the elucida* 
tion of the holy Bible, and assisted the expounder 
thereof in giving a correct exege^sia of its contents ; in- 
deed, it is said that he himself always carried with him 
the Hebrew Bible. Any one of discernment and judg- 
ment who has heard Bishop Asbury preach, could not 
but notice his chaste, though plain style, his grammati- 
cal correctness without the redundancy of rhetorical 
figures. In argumentation he abounded in enthymeme^ 
without the circumlocution of logical propositions. In- 
deed, he was a learned man; and in the science of 
theology, had but few equals, if any superiors. Yet he 
desired to keep the preachers ever mindful of their 
great, important, and all-absorbing work, believing that 
the salvation of one poor soul outweighed all the books 
in the universe. We expect in this little work to make 
some further remarks upon this great and good man. 

On the adjournment of Conference, my name was 
read out for Wilmington, N. C. I tarried a few days 
with my dear mother, who had removed to this place ; 
and I bought me a horse, saddle, saddle-bags, and 
bridle, and thus equipped, I hastened on my way to 
Wilmington. ' 

In due time I reached Wilmington, arriving late on 
Saturday evening. Few had seen me : the news, how- 
ever, had spread over town that the new Methodist 
preacher had come, and would preach on Sabbath, 11 



KST. JOSSPH TKATIS, A.H. 67 

o'clock, A. M. Curionty, no doubl, mided in filling the 
chnrcL Very few of the oongr^^on knew that I was 
a lame man. The eyes of the pe<^le were ever and 
anon cast towards the door to see the new preacher walk 
in. Ultimately I hopped in, wh^i, behold, the congre- 
gation was about rising en mtu9e to make their obeisance 
to me, thinking that I was bowing to them, and, being 
thfi most polite Methodist preacher they ever saw, I 
ought to be recognised as such, by a respectful bow from 
my congregation. They, howoTer, soon diseorered that 
my act of politeness was from necessity — ^not of choice. 
At what time the first Methodist preacher irisited 
WUmington is difficult to ascertain. I see in the old 
bound Minutes, that, in the year 1784, Beverly Allen 
and James Hinton were appointed to Wilmington — I 
presume a circuit including Wilmington. In 1785 John 
Baldwin is appointed to Wilmington Circuit. In 1786 
there is no mention made of Wilmington in the Minutes; 
but in 1787 Daniel Combs is appointed to Bladen Cir- 
cuit, bordering on Wilmington. It embraced my first 
(jirouit, Brunswick, in 1807, and was that year for the 
first time separated from Bladen Circuit In 1788 no 
mention is made of Wilmington, but Thomas Hardy is 
i^pointed to Bladen. In 1789 no mention is made of 
either Wilmington or Bladen. 

. The following appointments to Bladen were made in 
the years 1790-4799 : 

1790. Jonathan Bird. 

1791. John Ahair and William Bellamy. 
1792« Joshua Cannon and Samuel Edney. 
1793. Sihon Smith and Benjamin Denton. 

1794. TTiffiam JBellamy and BAbett QoiL« 



6S AVTOBIoaRA^JBT or TUM 

1795. Bnfiis Wiley and John Shepherd. 

1796. Anthony Sale, without any assistance* 

1797. Christopher Mooring and Moses Black. 

1798. James Jenkins, M. Wilson, and T. Milligan. 

1799. John Simmons and Moses Black. 

1800. Nathan Jarrett was appointed to Wilmingtcm* 
I presume he was the fib*st stationed preacher in the town. 

From 1801 to 1810, the following appointments were 
made to Wilmington : 

1801. Bennett Kendrick. 

1802. Bennett Kendrick. 

1808. Joseph Pinnell and Thomas Jones. 
1804. Jeremiah Russell. 
1805« Zachariah Maddox. 

1806. Bennett Kendrick. 

1807. Joshua Wells, from the North. 

1808. Samuel Dunwoody. 

1809. Richmond Nolley. 

1810. James Norton. 

1811. I am in Wilmington, with a strong desire to do 
all the good I can, and as little harm as possible. The 
reason why I have introduced the appointments to Bladen 
is, that it gives a history of the rise of Methodism in 
the first circuit I rode, and also that it approximated 
nigher to Wilmington than any other circuit, and hence 
in all probability, the Bladen preachers might have fre- 
quently visited Wilmington, and have preached in the place. 

A vast amount of permanent good was effected in 

Wilmington, previous to our regular stationed ministry, 

by a Mr. Meredith, who preached and labored zealously 

and assiduously in the place. His labors were peculiarly 

bleased to the colored people. He ^«ia iavsL<i\i ^«t^^<svx\fe^ 



KXY. J08BPH T&AYI8, A.M. ^ 

and threatened with imprisonment, the burning of his 
church, and I know not what besides. But he remained 
unshaken and undaunted in his work of mercy and labor 
of love. No doubt many of the sable sons of Africa 
from Wilmington will, in the day of judgment, *'rise up 
and call him blessed." He was a good and useful man, 
and a sincere lover of the Methodist preachers. 

I soon became more fully acquainted with that good 
man, the Rev. Jesse Jennett. I had a partial acquaint- 
ance with him when I was on Brunswick Circuit, in 1807. 
He was a local preacher of no inferior talents. His 
urbanity, benevolence, and brotherly kindness soon at- 
tached me to him. Methodism is much indebted in 
Wilmington to the labors and exemplary life of Brother 
Jennett. His house was the home of Methodist preachers : 
he delighted in having them about him, and participating 
at his well -furnished table. He might truly be styled 
a pillar of the Church in Wilmington. He had more 
than once been solicited to become the pastor of another 
church, with the promise of a rich salary; but Brother 
Jennett was not to be caught with a silver or a golden 
bait. He loved Methodism ; and in the bosom of the 
Methodist Church he determined to remain, until trans- 
planted to the Church triumphiint above — ^which in very 
deed he did. Two or three years ago, full of days and 
well-merited honors, and, best of all, full of faith and 
the Holy Ghost, he was called home. But a short time 
previous to his death, I received a long, well-written, 
and affectionate letter from him. He was at that time 
over eighty years of age. He stated to me in his letter 
that he had become too aged and afflicted to preach 



70 AUTOBIOORAPHT OV I'BB 

much, but wad employing his time in writing spiritiral 
letters to his friends ; thereby trying to do all the good 
he could with his remaining strength and days. He 
also gaye me quite an interesting and graphic descrip- 
tion of the <$hanges effected in Wilmington since I had 
last seen the place — ^its great enla^rgement, and its favor- 
able commercial character, as also the blessed grorfth 
of Methodism in the place. The change, indeed, ex- 
ceeded my most sanguine calculations ; particularly as 
respected the increase of Methodists and Methodist 
churches. Truly our Church has enlarged her bord^srs 
in Wilmington. May she continue to " look forth as 
the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, and 
terrible as an army with banners !" 

I lived at the parsonage, but was by no means pleased 
with my landlady^ and less so with a grown son she had 
frequently at the house. I determined to make some 
change in my manner of living, and knew no better 
method than to get married, and bring my wife there as 
governess of the parsonage. Hence, on the 1st of May, 
I was married to Miss Elizabeth Forster, daughter of the 
late Colonel Forster, of Brunswick county. The next 
day I brought Mrs. Travis home, and the old lady gave 
way. Shortly after my marriage, I received a letter 
fi^m Bishop Asbury, stating to me, " that he thought so." 

The bishop and myself Were one day on a visit to old 
Mrs. Forster's, who then resided in WHmington, and 
Elizabeth and I happened to be seated near each other 
around the fire. The good old man made a remark to 
me about it, when we retired to the parsonage. But at 
ihltt time I had little thou]^ of getting married ; tefA 



RftV. JOSSPH TBAYISy A.M. 71 

tf I had had an agreeable hostess at the parsonage, I 
might not have so done at so early a period of mj itin- 
erancj — ^haying travelled only four years. 

I found some gracious colored people belonging to my 
charge. I must be indulged in naming one or two, for 
the "righteous should be in everlasting remembrance," 
let them be white or colored. 

William Campbell, an aged, pious, and godly man, 
for many, many long years, led an unblemished and 
irreproachable life. His very looks told out upon him 
that he was one who feu*ed Qod and eschewed evil. 
Roger Hazel wa« a black man of uncommon mind, and 
of praying and exhorting talents that would have done 
credit to many a white man, though a Latin or Greek 
scholar ; yet he was humble^ teachable, and every way 
pleasant and agreeable. I might introduce many, many 
more, both among the male and female members of the 
Church ; but suffice it to say, take them all in all, they 
were the best singers I ever heard — singing generally 
by note, taught by Roger Haieel, who always acted as 
my clerk. They were a society of colored people, of as 
much prudence, discretion, and Bible godliness, as you 
^Ould find in any place whatever. I made it a point to 
guard ikem against fanatical expressions, or wild, enthu* 
nastic gestures. On one occasion, I took a summary 
process with a certain black woman, who, in their love- 
feast, with many extravagant gestures, cried out that 
«h^ was "young King Jesus." I bade her take her 
seat, and then publicly read her out of membership, 
•tatmg that we would not have such wild fanatics among 
U8, meantme kttiag theiH all know that sueh ezprea^ 



72 AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF TH£ 

sions were even blasphemous. Poor Aunt Katy felt it 
deeply, repented, and in a month I took her back^again. 
The effect was beneficial, and she became a rational and 
consistent member of the Church. 

We had a pleasant year throughout — some good meet- 
ings, especially in class and love-feasts : some increase 
of members, both white and colored. At the last Quar- 
terly Meeting, the Conference wrote a petition for my 
return to them the next year — which was granted. As 
I was now married. Bishop Asbury did not so much hesi- 
tate as to my return ; yet I do think that the way some 
societies have of petitioning for preachers, is by no 
means prudent or safe. The appointing power must be 
much embarrassed by such petitions. It ought to be 
the sincere prayer of every itinerant preacher, " Lord, 
80 ordain it, that I may be sent to the very place where 
thou wiliest me to go !'* And the circuit or station 
should fervently pray, " Lord, send us, in thy provi- 
dence and grace, such a preacher or preachers as thou 
knowest to be best calculated to do us good, and to ad- 
vance the Redeemer 'a kingdom within our bounds !" If 
such prayers, by preachers and people, were offered uip 
during the sessions of our Conferences, petitions would 
aU be done away, and we should soon find out the blessed 
truth, that the chief Shepherd would see to it that our 
appointments as preachers, and our circuits and stations, 
would all do well, and the pleasure of the Lord would 
abundantly prosper in our hands. The preachers would 
not run in vain, nor the churches be cursed with barren- 
ness and apostasies. We need more faith and more 
prayer over the appointment of our preachers. 



*MT. aosKva cmATts. a.m. TI 



CHAPTER IV. 

Conference ftt Camden — ^I am delegated to the first QeMftl Coated 
enee held in New York, Maj 7, 181^Re>8Utioned in WUmtngtOB 
— Ber. JanMs B. Gl^n, a delegate, accompanies ma to the Cknaial 
Conftrenoe — Bemarks oa said C?on lto s n es— J^sss Lss ahd Am 
Shinn on the Local Elder qmestloa-^Itetani koaM-*-RST. Jstii 
Jennett had well sapplied my place— Again stationed in Qeorgt* 
town — History of the commencement of Methodism there, and at 
ChaiAeston-^ Located, and remoTod to Marion Court- IIouss ta 
eliarge of an Academy. 

I ATTENDED OUT Conference, held in Camden, Decern* 
ber 21, 1811. The brethren received on trial were— 
GrifiSn Christopher, Thomas Stanley, Beiyamin Scott, 
Allen Turner, Nicholas Talley, James Sharp, Benjamin 
Ogletree, John Freeman, Henry Bass, Nicholas Punch| 
Lucius Q* C. De Yampert, James Koger, Britton Bunch, 
Jacob Hill, Hugh McPhail, Archibald Brown, James L. 
Belin, Alexander H. Saunders, Benjamin Brown, and 
Chiles Dickenson — ^twenty-one in all. Some of them 
are dead — some located — some superannuated, and but 
one in effective service— namely, the venerable Nicholas 
Talley. 

Those ordained deacons were-— Alexander Talley, 
Alexander McSwen, Thomas Ghriffin, John B. Glenn, 
Andrew Qram^Ing, John Tarraat, Michael IHnrr, Jolni 



7^ .▲UTOBIOaSAPHT 09 THX- 

S. Capers, Henry D. Green, Whitman C. Hill, Drury 
Powell — ^twelve in all — ^not one now eflFective, and only 
one superannuated — ^namely, our beloved brother, Whit- 
man C. Hill. 

Those ordained elders were — Charles L. Eennon, 
Coleman Harwell, Thomas Mason, Moses Andrew, Rich- 
mond Nolley, Betijamii^ Diflaney, Thomas Y. Cook — 
seven in all — ^not one in the itinerancy, but I trust seve- 
ral are iti heaven. 

Those located were — Beddick Pierce, Charles L, Ken- 
non, Thomas Mason, Matthew P. Sturdivant, Robert L. 
Edwards, Coleman Harwell, and Urban Cooper — seven 
in all. I know of but one yet remaining on earth, and 
that is the Bev^ Reddick Pierce r— by jnyself and all 
others acquainted with him highly esteemed, ajid much 
beloved for piety, talents, and usefulness — a superannu- 
ated preacher. 

. I was at this Conference very unexpectedly elected a 
delegate to our first General Conference, May 1, 1812, 
at New York. The delegates elected with myself were — 
Lewis Myers, Lovick Pierce, Joseph Tarpley, Daniel 
Asbury, William M. Kennedy, Samuel Dunwoody, James 
£» Glenn, and HilUard Judge — nine in all ; and all 
gone home, except Lovick Pierce and myself. The 
General Conference was eomposed of ninety members 
or delegates. 

I hastened back to my charge in Wilmington, and 
found my dear wife and church all well. I labored on 
among the people of my charge until the mpnth of 
Mar<^; at which time I started for the General Con- 
jGimiifie> .wishing, to spend some time with my relatk)fi« 



KMY. JOSEPH TKATI8, A.M. 76 

in tbe imlley of Yii^gima. By previous engagement, I 
¥88 to join Brother James £. Glenn in my journey at 
Baleigh. I took my horse and saddle*bags and started, 
aDd met with Brother Glenn on the appointed day. 
We had no railroads in those days, so we trudged along 
through mud and rain, and hail and snow, as well as 
we could. 

We passed through Harrisonburg, Rockingham county, 
Virginia, to see my relatives. We arriyed in Harrison- 
burg at about nine o'clock at night. Brother Glena 
rode up to the door, and inquired, ^' Can Joseph Travis, 
a Methodist preacher from Carolina, stay with you to* 
night ?" My brother-in-law, Jacob Rohr, came to the 
door, looking confused. I had already seen my sister 
sitting at the table by the light of the candle placed on 
it. The sight of her overcame me. She came to the 
door. Brother Glenn had dismounted, and was hopping 
round his horse, my brother and sister looking on with 
great astonishment. I at length spoke : they knew my 
voice, and in a trice, I was in my sister's arms. 

We tarried a few days with my relations, and then 
proceeded to New York. We passed through Frederick- 
town, Maryland, and stayed all night . with a wealthy 
merchant of the place, and a class-leader in our Church. 
We preached for them that night, and had to pay for 
the feeding of our horses next morning. 

We travelled on, regardless of inclement weather and 
bad roads. On the Sabbath we always lay by and 
preached to the people wherever we could gather a con« 
gregation. On horseback, we at length reached Phila- 
delp^ We paiised thro^h 994A# pf tb^ m^it fertile 



76 AUTOBIOOBAPHT OF THS 

lands I had ever seen, particularly in the neighborhood 
of Lancaster, Pennsylyania. We would travel for hU 
entire day in a lane, plantation joining plantation for 
Biiles upon a stretch. We always found those wealthy 
Germ^i farmers, plain, hospitable, and kind. 

When we arrived in I^adelphia, we found the An- 
nual Conference in session. Brother Glenn and mysdf 
went into the Conference -room, and were politely and 
affectionately introduced to the Conference. In about 
an hour. Brother Stephen G. Bozell came to me, -and 
said I had to preach at such an hour. Afterwards, 
Brother Glenn came and whispered to me, saying, ^^that 
it was an ordination sermon I had to preach:" upon 
which I hastened to see Brother Rozell, and begged off, 
but consented to preach at another hour. We remained 
amoufic them several days, and were treated by them as 
brethren and as ministe™. 

A considerable number of delegates from the South 
and West had by this time reached Philadelphia. We 
all concluded to leave our horses in Philadelphia, and to 
take a steamboat to Burlington. This was the first 
steamboat I ever saw : it was quite different^ in form 
and conveniences to those which now navigate our rivers. 
Our company was chiefly composed of Methodist preach- 
ers and Quakers — a plain -dressed and sober set of pas- 
sengers. From Burlington we took stage to New York. 

On the first day of May, the members of the General 
Conference met in John street church. The session 
was opened by Bishop Asbury reading a portion of the 
holy Scriptures, singing, and prayer. A Secretary pr6 
Um, called for the ddegates^ each Annual Conference, 



KXY. J08XPH TRATIS, A.M. 77 

who acoordingfy responded by presenting their certifi- 
cates from tkeir respectiye Cimferencee. The Rer. 
Daniel Hitt was elected Secretary for the duratkm of 
the Conference. Brother Hitt was at that time the book 
agent in New York, though for some canse he was not 
elected a delegate firom that Conference. He was a dig- 
nified and apostolic-looking man, apparently well suited 
for the episcopi^ chair. He was, I think, called home 
to God and glory before another bishop was elected for 
our Ghmrch. 

Probably the most exciting topic which enlisted the 
talents of this angost body of ministers, was the election 
of local preachers to elders' orders in onr Church. A 
vast amount of argument and speech was brought to 
bear on that subject; and I must here introduce an 
anecdote or two in relation to some of the speakers. By 
the opponents of their ordination, much was said in rela- 
tion to the different kinds of rights, etc. As to a natural 
right, said they, no one disputes that a local preacher 
or any other preacher has it ; but that we must distin- 
guish between original, inalienable, and acquired rights, 
etc., and between civil and ecclesiastical rights. Those 
in fayor of their election took the ground of both 
expediency and necessity. But Jesse Lee, in his dispas- 
sionate, logical, and argumentative manner, left but little 
hope for the local deaco4S ever attaining elders' orders. 
Indeed, he appeared to make it plain that the bishop 
could notj in good conscience, ordain the local deacons 
to elders* orders, particularly whilst our form of ordina- 
tion continues as it is ; stating that that form requires 
the person ordaix^d to promise to devote himself entirely 
7* 



78 A0TOBIOO&AFBT OT THS 

to the ministry. "Now," said Mr. Lee, "howcim a 
man derote himself entirely to the ministry when at his 
jplongh, in his school-room, or behind the counter?" 
That the form is altogether incompatible with the 
necessary character and situation of the local deacon, 
he argued at length, and, as I thought, conclusively. 
Indeed, I viewed the case as lost, much to the grief of 
my own mind. But as Mr. Lee sat down, a thin, and 
by no means interesting-looking man from the far end 
of the house arose, and with a squeaking voice com- 
menced : " Mr. President, our worthy delegate from the 
Virginia Conference has argued the incompatibility of 
ordaining our local brethren to elders' orders, from the 
printed form of our ordination. Mr. President, I would 
Wt state one fact, in reply to his long and eloquent 
argument— namely : the same printed form requires the 
person to be ordained to promise to rule well his own 
family. Our worthy delegate made this promise twenty 
years ago, and has not fulfilled his promise to this day !*' 
After giving this argumentum ad hominem, he sat down. 
Mr. Lee shook his big sides with laughter, and the entire 
Conference was in a risible mood. When the vote was 
called for, the motion was carried by a considerable 
majority — making local preachers eligible to elders* 
orders in four years after their ordination to deacons' 
orders. There was also some little sparring in reference 
to the election of preriding elders, Mr. Nicholas Snethen 
boldly declaring that " his very soul hated the present 
plan of creating presiding elders." However, their 
appointment (namely, by the bishop) remained as it 
driginallj was, and now is, and event m\\\i^» 



EST. J08KFH TRAVIS, A.M. 70 

One day dnring the sittiiig of our Conference, I dined 
with the Rer. Dr. Thomas Lyell, a P^testant Spisoo- 
pali«i minister, in oompaiiy with Bishop Asbnry, Lewis 
Myers, and Philip Brace. The parson was truly polite, 
and gave ns a princely dinner. I hope that he was 
a good man ; but that which proved a considerable draw- 
back upon the pleasure of my visit was, that he had 
once been a Methodist preacher ! 

The preaching of our clergy was numerously attended, 
and much good was no doubt effected. Among our 
most prominent preachers at this Conference was Thomas 
L. Douglas. His preaching was with power, and a 
heavenly eloquence. The trooping multitudes thronged 
to hear him. Some new Conferences were made ; but 
very little alteration was made in our Discipline. Th|. 
Conference adjourned on the 22d of May, to meet in 
Baltimore, May 1, 1816. 

The South Carolina delegates — nine in all — got into 
the stage together, and reached Philadelphia on Satur- 
day evening. We spent the Sabbath in Philadelphia. 
Mr. Asa Shinn was to preach in one of our churches, 
and I had formed such a favorable opinion of him from 
the death-blow he gave Mr. Jesse Lee's argument at the 
General Conference, that I determined on hearing him. 
But he was not to mo an interesting preacher. His 
sermon (if such it might be called) was entirely too dry 
and too metaphysical for my use. And I have been led 
to the belief, that the occasional insanity of Mr. Shinn 
was owing to his intense studies, and to his wanderings 
in the mazes of metaphysics. He was jk man of genius ; 
and^ had he kept within the proper boundaries of sunple 



89 AUT0BIOOBA9HT OJf THY 

lUBtd Bible Christianity, and contented himfielf with 
preaching experimental and practical religion, enforcing 
the doctrine of justification by faith alone, and also of 
holiness in heart and life, be would have effected a great 
amount of good, and probably at no time would he have 
wrecked his brains, or impaired his understanding. 

On Monday morning we mounted our horses, and 
took the long and wearisome road for home. I reached 
Wilmington, I think, on the 24th of June, haying been 
' gone fully three months. I found all well, except my 
dear wife, who was but just recovering from an attack 
of sickness of which I had not been apprisedui As soon 
as possible, I entered into my ministerial and pastoral 
labors. Srother Jennett had aided me well and effec- 
tually in my absence, and was stUl ready and willing to 
do all he could for the cause of Methodism and our 
common Christianity. 

During this year, the Hon« Benjamin Smith, the then 
Governor of North Carolina, resided in this town. One 
day he met me in the street, and desired me to call and 
see his wife, who had been afflicted for three months. 
Doctors were called to her, even from a distance, but 
all to no purpose. Her head had been shaved and 
blistered, and I know not what besides had been tried, 
to restore her mind to a proper balance ; yet with all, 
she apparently grew worse. When I stepped in, I found 
no one in the room, except the young lady accustomed 
to wait on her. I told her that, at the request of her 
husband, I had called to see her. She immediately 
commenced relating to me her deplorable insanity, and 
Aej^me leiMling thereunto; ncmiely^ a confusion, df 



mind which enddmdj weiwed h^ one dmy, whilst semrck- 
ing in her drawers for a certain ifftide of dress ; and 
withal that her greatest grief was, that she was not pre- 
pared for death. I aideayored to ccmvince her that she 
was not d»anged, assuring her that a deranged person 
was not conacions o( anj aberration of mind. I prettj 
well conyinoed kw of the fact. I then proceeded to 
point her desponding and sin-smitten soul to the great 
atonement made for sinners by the death and resurreo- 
tion of Christ. I conyersed with her for a half hour or 
so, prayed with her, and left her. In a day or two 
afterwards, a carriage droye up to the parsonage. I 
stepped out, and who should it be but Mrs. Smith ! I 
helped her out of the carriage, and, with weeping eyes, 
as she entered the parsonage, she exclaimed, ^' Sir ! 
you haye done me more good than all the doctors put 
together. You directed me to Jesus. I went to him 
by faith, and humble confidence, and prayer. He has 
healed me, soul and body : I feel quite well and happy." 
She did not leaye her own Church — ^namely, the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church--to join mine; but she and 
her husband eyer remained my warm and unalterable 
friends. She (I haye hope) has gone to heayen. I 
haye understood that, as to Mr. Smith, he neyer made a 
profession of religion further than to attend church. 

This year, myself and wife hact born to us a lovely 
little daughter ; but she merely opened her eyes in this 
world, and then closed them in deatL From this time 
Mra. Trayis'^ health became yery precarious — indeed, at 
times, alarmingly so. Howeyer, before the close of the 



8^ AtfTOBIOORAFHT OF THS 

Conference year, she improved so much as to indnoe mo 
to continue in the work. 

We had no special or noted revival in Wilmington 
during the two years that I was there. We, neverthe^ 
less, not only kept our ground, but had some increase 
each year. The time was now drawing nigh that I was 
constitutionally compelled to leave my beloved charge. 
They had treated me affectionately and kindly; and 
never can I forget a Junius Dunbibin, a William and 
Alexander Anderson, a brother and sister John Smith, 
and a Sister Gardener, and miany, many othew,' the 
greater number of whom are no more. 

Our next Annual Conference was to be held in 
Charleston, December, 1812. I made a start to go, but 
leaving my dear mfe in such bad health, after I had 
gone a day's journey, I turned back to be with her. 
Indeed, my mind became so uneasy that I could not 
have enjoyed the Conference, had I attended it. 

In due time, I heard from Conference, and I was 
again stationed in Georgetown, for 1813 ; and as soon 
as I could provide a horse and buggy, and the state of 
my wife's health would permit moderate travelling, I 
proceeded thither — and by travelling slowly, and lying 
by in inclement weather, we finally reached the place, 
without serious damage to Mrs. Travis. Truly, good- 
ness and mercy ooirtinued to follow me, for which I 
ought to be thankful. 

At this Conference the following brethren were re- 
ceived on trial:— Anderson Ray, Allen Bass, Samuel 
K. Hodges, Daniel McPhail, James Parsons^ Williatn 



mcy. jossPB trattk, a.m. 

Harris, West Harris, James O. Andrew, Dabnej P. 
Jones, William Collinsworth, John Wright, William 
Bamett, David S. McBride, Samnd Johnson, James 
B. Tomer, Philemon Ogletree, Elijah Bird, Samnel T. 
Elder, James M. Sharp — nineteen in all. I know of 
but one at present \p. effective work ; namely, James O. 
Andrew, (now bishop.) James B. Tomer, an excellent, 
pioos man, and a good and osefol preacher, retains a 
superannoated relation to the C^rgia Conference. 

Those ordained deacons were : — Drory Powell, Solo- 
mon Brjan, John Jennings, Daniel Brown, John SeweU, 
John I. E. Bird, John Boswell, Reoben Tocker, James 
Hotto, Samoel M. Meek, Ashley Hewitt, John Shrock, 
Andrew Pickens, Frederick D. Wimberly — not one 
effective itinerant remaining. Several I know to be 
gone to their final rest. 

Those ordained elders were: — William S. Talley, 
Anthony Senter, Nicholas Powers, William Gapers, 
Robert L. Kennon, Moses Andrew (elect) — all dead, 
and I trost in heaven. 

Those located were: — Thomas D. Glenn, William 
Scott, Joseph Saltonstall, Robert L. Kennon, Moses 
Andrew, James Jenkins, Alexander McEwen, Andrew 
Grambling, Michael Dorr, Thomiis T. Cook, and John 
Porter. Few of them are now alive -^ none in the 
itinerancy. 

Oor Georgetown friends were looking for ils, and had 
the parsonage nicely and comfortably fitted up for us. 
My old friends were truly glad to see me again, not 
having visited them more than once or twio6 a^er leav- 
ing them in JOdc^mber, 1809. But fsw htA ^i^HK dMl 



94 AUTOBIOOKAPHX OV TBS 

or backslidden ; yet I did not find part of thetQ as wi^m 
in religion as I had anticipated. The w(»rld, with itsun- 
hallowed fashions, had begun .to quench the ardor and 
zeal of some of our younger members. 

As I have now got back to Georgetown, I will endea- 
Tor, with the aid of the old bound Minutes, to give a 
history of the rise of Methodism in. this section of 
country. 

1785. Charleston and Georgetown, John Tunnel, 
Woolman Hickson. 

1786. Charleston, H. Willis, Isaac Smith. (George- 
town not named.) 

1787. Charleston, Lemuel Green. (Georgetown not 
named.) 

1788. Charlefi^ton, Ira Ellis. (Georgetown not named.) 

1789. Charleston named, but no preacher. George- 
town not named. 

1790. Charleston, Isaac Smith. Georgetown, Thomas 
Humphries, Hardy Herbert. 

1791. Charleston, James Parks. Georgetown, Philip 
ICatthews. 

1792. Charleston, Daniel Smith. Georgetown, Wm> 
KcDowelL 

1798. Charleston, Daniel Smith, Jonathan Jackson. 
Georgetown, Jesse Richardson. 

1794. Charleston, Joshua Cannon, Isaac Smith. 
(Georgetown not mentioned.) 

1795. Charleston, Philip Bruce. Georgetown, Joshua 
Cannon. 

1796. Charleston, B^oijamin Blanton. Geprgetown, 



RSV. J08S9H XmAYia, A.!!. 

1797. Chmrleatoi mnd Geargetown, Benjamin Blan 
ton, John N. Jones, and Jamee King. 

1798. Charleston, John N. Jones, Tobias Gibson* 
Georgetown and Chreat Pee Dee, John Simmons, H 
Donnan. 

1799. Charleston, John Harper, Nicholas Snethen. 
Georgetown and Great Pee Dee, J. Cole, John Ghurvin. 

1800. Charleston, George Dougherty, John Harper. 
Georgetown and Great Pee Dee, Thomas Shaw, Josiah 
Cole. 

1801. Charleston, George Dougherty, John Harper. 
Georgetown and Great Pee Dee, Z. Maddox, Jeremiah 
Russell. 

1802. Charleston, John Grarrin, Benjamin Jones. 
Georgetown, Llewellin Evans. 

1803. Charleston, Bennett Eendrick, Thomas Darley. 
Georgetown, James H. Mellard. 

1804. Charleston, Bennett Eendrick, Nicholas Wa- 
^rs. Georgetown, James H. Mellard. 

1805. Charleston, Buddy W. Wheeler, James H. 
Mellard. (Georgetown not named.) 

1806. Charleston, Lewis Myers, Levi Garrison. 
Georgetown and Great Pee Dee, James Russel, Amos 
Curtis. 

1807. Charleston, Jonathan Jackson, William Owen. 
Georgetown, William Scott. 

1808. Charleston, William Phoebus, John MoVean. 
Georgetown, John Gamewell. 

1809. Charleston, Samuel Mills, William M. Kennedy. 
Georgetown, Joseph Travis. 

From this time I know that Georg^towa Ims Jb^l a 

8 ^^ 



16 ▲ITTOBI'tOQKAPdT 6f T^S 

regular stationed preacher until the present diate, 1855. 
I have been thus particular in quoting, from the old 
Minutes, the preachers and the names of each indi- 
vidual, both for Charleston and Georgetown, a8 this 
may be seen by some who have not the Minutes to refer 
to ; and I view it as essential to a correct history of our 
Ohurch, to be well posted up in reference to times and 
places where our fathers in the ministry have toiled and 
labored, and have been so abundantly blessed and owned 
of God. 

The immortal Dougherty, whose name is found more 
than once for Charleston, was pumped upon by a set of 
ruffians in that city, for preaching Christ crucified. But 
he was not to be thwarted in his ministerial duties : he 
fearlessly, courageously, perseveringly and successfully 
continued to labor with his charge in Charleston, whilst 
many seals were added to his ministry. After this he 
became a useful presiding elder. But consumption had 
marked him out for its prey. He however ceased hot, 
day nor night, to exert his remaining strength in warn- 
ing the unruly, in comforting and strengthening the 
feeble-minded, and in building up the Church in the 
faith once delivered unto the saints. At the last camp- 
meeting he had in his district, he was too far spent to 
attempt preaching; but on Sabbath day of the meeting, 
after another had preached, he arose and propped him- 
self against the book-stand, and leaning forward, said: 
"Brethren, this is the last time you will ever recognize 
my presence among you ; but next year, when you have 
a camp-meetmg here, I will ask my Heavenly Father to 
peantiltll^My ningUng with you around that altAir; and 



BXT. JGrSlVH T&AYXS, A.M. Vt 

although in person you will not see me, I expect to be 
with you in spirit, rejoicing and praising Gbd." The 
effect on the congregation was awfully sublime and glo- 
rious : for some minutes, a death-like silence of weep- 
ing prevailed ; but soon a loud burst of '^ Glory, glory 
to God!" resounded through the congregation. From 
this camp-meeting, he went <m to Wilmington, and in a 
few weeks he there expired, shouting with his gasping 
breath, " Glory, glory !" 

Methodism really had to struggle hard to get foothold 
in Georgetown. The opposition originated from the 
plain and pointed truths which generally marked our 
ministry. On a certain' Sabbath, Brother Humphries 
was to preach. A good sister, from whose house he went, 
walking with him to the church, said to him: "Now, 
Brother Humphries, recollect you are going to preach 
to town-folks : it will not do to be too plain." Brother 
Humphries made no reply ; but in preaching he brought 
out this sentence: "If you don't repent, t/ou^U be 
damned !*' He jumped back into the pulpit, as if terri- 
bly alarmed, saying: "I beg your pardon: you are 
town-folks." This he repeated once or twice during his 
sermon, adding that God would cast them into hell, just 
as soon as he would a piney-woode' sinner^ if they did 
not repent and become converted. There sat the good 
sister, with her head down; but after this she never 
attempted to instruct the preacher in regard to his 
preaching. 

Brother Humphries was a good preacher, and, in my 
opinion, one among the greatest natural orators of his 
daj. On a Certain occasion, he was sent for Mi^t a 



W AUTOBIOaitAFBT OV TBS 

neighborliood wliore there had heen recently a revivdi 
^f religion. A dancing-master came there to make up 
a BchooL Some young professora had already consented 
to enter the school. Brother Humphries preached, 
and the dancing-master attended. The prieacher, in 
his sermon, was speaking of the l^iles of the devil, and 
his multifarious ways to ruin souls, aU along comparing 
him to a dancing-master. The dancing-master could no 
longer stand it. He picked up his hat to walk out ; 
and as he neared the door. Brother Humphries, with a 
hrad and impressive voice, cried out : '^ But, brethren, 
resist the devil, and he will flee &oan you, just like the 
dimotng-ma^terT' True enough, the dancing-ma«ter 
fled to parts unknown. He was no more heard of in 
that neighborhood. 

Brother Humphries lived to a good old age, loved and 
esteemed by all who knew him ; aiid being faithful until 
death, he no doubt received the crown of life. He may 
truly be ranked among the pioneers of Methodism in 
the South, and will be again introduced in this Uttle 
work. 



BIT JOBIPB CBAVIS, A;H. 89 



CHAPTER V. 

Residence St Marion Village — Bishop Asbnry's Visit to me — Bet. 
W^am M. Kennedy — Remained in charge of the Academy three 
years — ^IVeMhing on Saturdays and Sondays. 

The Ber. Jeremiah Russell lived near Georgetown, 
and frequently assbted me in the pnlpit, and on sacra- 
mental occasions. He was a good man, and qnite an 
acceptable preacher. He itinerated for several years, 
filling some quite important stations. Saint and sinner 
honored him as being a conscientious, honest, upright 
citisen and gospel minister; but he has finished his 
course, and the work that was assigned him to do, and 
has gone to reap the reward of his fidelity and perse- 
verance in that world where afSictions atid suJQferings are 
never known. 

Many more might be brought into view, especially 
among the laity, in and about Georgetown, whose daily 
lives told out upon them, that they feared God and 
wrought righteousness. Su£Sce it for me to say, that 
Georgetown and its vicinity have produced as good 
Methodists and humble Christians as can be found in 
any other part of the South Carolina Conference, of 
the same extent and population. 

When I first arrived in Georgetown, in 1813,4)!pctor 
8* 



09 AUTOBIOGEAPHT OV THS 

Wragg, the most celebrated physician of the place, 
though no professor of religion, met me in the street 
one day, and said, "Now, Sir, if you or your family 
should need medical aid, I will be at your service ; and 
if the amount of service should be worth a thousand 
dollars, I will not charge you one cent." But through 
the year I was blessed with health, and had no need to 
call on the good and benevolent doctor for myself — ^my 
dear wife, however, had his attention. She was threat- 
ened with a deep-seated consumption; and I thought 
best to locate in some healthy place, and by persuasion 
consented to take charge of Marion Academy, in Marion 
District, South Carolina ; at which place I remained for 
three years, and again took the itinerant field. 

Our Annual Conference for the ensuing year met at 
Fayetteville, North Carolina. Bish(tps Asbury and 
McKendree were present. The brethren^ received on 
trial were: — David Hilliard, John Lane, John Scott. 
Ransom Adkins, William E. Easter, Daniel Monahon, 
Nicholas Mclntire, John Murrow, West Williams, John 
McClendon, William Winningham, Travis Owen, Aquila 
Leatherwood — thirteen in all. I know of none now 
living, but that truly worthy and dignified man of God, 
John Lane — ^at this time, and for years past, a member 
of the Mississippi Conference. 

Those ordained deacons were: — Griffin Christopher, 
Allen Turner, Thomas Sharp, Jacob Hill, Henry Bass, 
N. Punch, L. Q. C. De Yampert, (elect,) James C. 
Koger, Hugh McPhail, Archibald Brown, James L, 
Belin, Charles Dickenson, (elect,) Benjamin C. Scott, 
(elect^ John Bunch — ^fourteen itv all. 



BKT. JOBM^U TEATIBy A.M. 01 

Those orduned elders irefe : — ^Alexsnder Talle j^ J<^ 
B. GHenn, Heiuy D. Crre«i, Whitman G. ffill, Dmry 

PoweU. 

• 

The superaimiiftted were : — Jonathan Jackson, James 
Riffisel. 

Those who located were : — ^William Graasaway, Joseph 
Travis, TTiffiam S. TaUey, Oshom Rogers, F. D. ^Tim- 
berlj, Jesse Stansel, John Tarrant, John S. Gapers, 
Samnel M. Meek, James E. Olenn, and Lovick Pierce — 
eleven in all. 

We had an agreeable, pleasant, and profitable Gon* 
ference. Gonsiderable good was done in Fajetteville. 
I had now located; and in bidding farewell to that 
good and gracions man of God, Bishop Asbnry, he took 
me in his arms, and kissed me. I always loved him, and 
expect to love him in the kingdom of heaven, world 
without end. - 

At Marion Goort-Honse I had a flourishing school, 
and endeavored to render myself useful to the rising 
generation, by praying morning and evening with my 
students, preaching to them every Wednesday night in 
the Court-house, (at that time there being no church in 
the village,) and frequently lecturing them on the 
subject of religion in the academy throughout this 
year — 1814. I had my regular appointments in the 
country, and frequently two and three days* meetings, 
on which occasions my own soul was often blessed ; and 
I have reason to believe that my efforts were not in vain 
with the dear people in that section of country. I also 
had two excellent coadjutors liviug near the village ; 
jMonelj, the Bev. Jesse Leggett and the Rey«- Jeise 



98 AGTOBioenAPja^ ov xm 

Wood,. I hope neyer to forget their wprk of pati^ce 
tnd labor of love with me. Brother Leggett had 921 
amiable son, ^^Ebenezer/' who was a student of mine. 
He*embraced religion, became an itinerant preacher, 
travelled several years, and last year died, and went 
home to glory, to meet his sainted father, never to part 
again. Brother Wood had also a lovely son with mei, 
Igdaliah ; but what became of him I know not. 

Brothers Leggett and Wood were good preachers, and 
great lovers of plain, primitive Methodism. I had been 
for some months reading metaphysical works, and of 
course, like too many others, began to mingle them too 
freely in my sermons. Brother Leggett, one Sabbath, 
attended one of my appointments where we had a large 
gathering. The house being tOo small, I had to take the 
woods. In. returning home, we were both silent for a 
short space. Finally, Brother Leggett remarked to me, 
that he reckoned I had preached a big sermon, but 
that he did not think there were ten people in the whole 
congregation who knew what I was about. 0, I could 
but feel the brotherly rebuke. What ! not ten, among 
five or six hundred, any way benefited by my talk ! I 
much valued the good judgment of Brother Leggett, 
and could not doubt his friendship towards me ; hence 
the remark came with the greater force and fetling ap- 
plication. 

Li 1816, 1 resumed the charge of Marion Academy — 
my school flourishing, and becoming quite large, insO* 
much that I was necessitated to employ assistance. I 
also continued my nightly preaching in the village, and 
09 8a#iirdaj8 and Sundays in different ^%xtE of th^ 



BCV4 J081FH TEAYia, A.M. M 

district in which I fived, and frequentlj in Partington, 

an adjoining district. I am convinced that I did not 

labor in vain. My assistants in the ministry, Brothers 

Leggett and Wood, were ever ready to aid me at my 

two days' meetings, doing the work of the ministry 

honorably and effectually. 

I was called npon, on a certain occasion, to preach 
the funeral sermon of a wealthy XJniversalist, who had 
by his own hands put a period to his life. Immediately 
after the war of 1812 with England, land and cotton 
took a prodigious rise. This man had sold his planta- 
tion for twenty dollurs per acre, which one year before 
would not have been worth five dollars per acre. He, 
however, thought that he had sold his land too low, even 
at twenty dollars per acre, and offered a large amount 
to the purchaser to rue the bargain. He would not 
consent. The Major thereupon went home and 
Aung himself! When his widow came to me, request- 
ing me to preach his funeralr«ermon, I unhesitating* 
ly and conscientiously refused. This was matter of 
great grief to her, and of no little mortification to 
myself. By solicitations, I had frequently visited his 
house ; and in his house he was a perfect gentleman. 
But as he had committed suicide, I could not think him 
worthy of a Christian buriaL But with him there was 
DO such a jdace as heD — Whence no dread of the future 
after death. Poor man ! I am fearful that he found 
out his mistake, eternally too late ! 

I had a comfortable year throughout — ^good health, 
good school, and good meetings. In addition to all this, 
Ukt heal<ji^f Mirs. Travis began ttoch to improva.^ . . 



M AUTOBIOQ&APHT OV TfLE 

In 1816, by the request of the trustees, I engaged for 
another year in the Institute, my school being still large^ 
and bidding fair thus to continue for a length of time. 
The trustees and patrons were good to me, in allowing 
me days at a time from my school to attend to calls for 
preaching, and for marrying persons even at a dis- 
tance. 

In this year our General Conference met in Balti- 
more. In the early part of the year, Bishop Asbuiy 
paid me a visit, making his way onward toward thai 
city — ^it was, indeed, but a short time before his death. 
The dear old man never reached the seat of Conference. 
He remidned with me several days and nights ; and each 
day plainly showed that he was not long for this world* 
Patience and entire resignation to th^ will of Crod were 
manifestly exhibited by him from day to day : when re- 
covering from a paroxysm of pain, he would shout aloud, 
'^ Hallelujah, hallelujah !" I one day remarked to him, 
that it must be a pleasing reflection for fiim, now on the 
verge of the grave, to think that, from his youth up, he 
had been unreservedly devoted to the service of his Lord 
and Master. He shook his head, and emphatically re- 
plied, ".My only hope of heaven is in the merits and 
righteousness of the Lord Jesus Christ/' His htmiility, 
patience, and undoubted piety endeared the good old 
bishop to me more than ever. Methodism in Ameriqa, 
and thousands of happy spirits now in glory, a^re much 
indebted to the sufferings and labors of this eminent 
man of God. I was much with him ; and I knew him 
to remain on his knees for an hour or more in private 
prayer. M&y die He^hodUts, North and .Soutb^ eTor 



bet: J08BPB TBAYIS^ A.M. 95 

duly appreciate his real worth; and whenever they 
speak or write about him, let it be done with proper 
deference and due respect. I confess, I feel mortified 
to see any of onr younger brethren, when writing in our 
periodicals, style him Aihury^ without either Mr. or 
Bishop prefixed to his name. We, of this day and time, 
are but the sons of Bishop Asbury— yea, the beloved, 
venerable, and senior bishop (Soule) not excepted. Then, 
as our father in the gospel, and the apostle of American 
Methodism, let us ever respect and cherish his memory, 
with thanksgiving to God for the gift of such a gospel 
minister to these United States. I am aware that there 
was some prejudice against Bishop Asbury in th^outh, 
arising from the introduction of that unfortunate clause 
in our General Rules concerning slavery, which was not 
originally in the General Rules of Mr. Wesley in Eng- 
land. But I believe Bishop Asbury was not to blame 
in that matter* I look upon that excellent and good 
man, Bishop Coke, as its author. His zeal in that in- 
stance was ^^ without knowledge;'' and, had he known 
the amount of harm it would effect, he would never have 
insisted upon its introduction in our General Rules. I 
am not posted up in all the facts concerning the matter ; 
but the foregoing is my candid opinion. In all the con- 
versational and epistolary intercourse that I have had 
with Bishop Asbury, not one item was ever even hinted 
to me in favor of Abolition from the good old man. 
Previously to his departure from my humble dwelling, 
he earnestly requested me to give up my school, and 
again enter the itinerancy. I promised him so to do ; 
and aoeordiiij^y the. next year I. was readmitted into 



W AUTOBIOOEAPHT OF THX 

the Conference. I very reluctantly parted with hm^ 
fbllj calculating never again to see his face on earth. 
He died in a few weeks i^ter he left my house. 

Shortly after the bishop's departure. Brother William 
M. Kennedy, one of the delegates to the General Con- 
ference, came to tarry a night with me. He stated to 
me, that he had been revolving in his mind who would 
answer for bishop — expecting at least one to be elected 
at the General Conference. I unhesitatingly replied, 
"Enoch George." Says Brother Kennedy, "That is 
the very man." And, as I afterwards learned, Brother 
Kennedy was the first among all the delegates to pro- 
pose i^ffi for said office. We had no reason to be sorry 
or ashamed for suggesting and proposing his name. 

Bishop George was a holy, humble, and pious minis- 
ter of the gospel. I recoUect one day, in travelling 
with him on horseback, (no railroads yet,) to have ob- 
served to him that he must at times feel quite lonesome 
in his zigzag travels. His reply was : " Buddy," (a very, 
common term of his, in his familiar addresses to his 
brethren,) " I am not alone. My blessed Saviour jourw 
neys with me whithersoever I go." I read the truth of 
the remark in his very looks. He lived happy in the 
love of Grod from day to day. I was often with him — 
never saw him out of humor — never melancholy or 
gloomy — always cheerful, pleasant, and agreeable. In 
preaching, he would frequently become transported, and 
have to shout ; and I never heard a mortal being say 
"glory" so melodiously as did Bishop George. As he 
!'ved, so he died; shouting, "Glory! glory!" with his 
lizpiring braath. . And he no, doubt received finkm his 



BXV. JOSEPH TRAVIS; A.M. 97 

blessed Sayiour the pleasing plaudit^ ^^ Well done^ good 

and faithfiil servant !*' 

As our bound Minutes are but sparsely scattered 

through the country, it might prove a satbfaction to 

some of my readers to continue a history of the preachers 

received on trial, etc., during the years 1815 and 1816. 

In 1815, the preachers admitted on trial in the South 
Carolinst Conference were, John W. Norton, William 
Palmer, John Simmons, William Kennedy, John Mote, 
Bryan Grause — six in all — ^not one now in the itiner- 
ancy — ^nearly all gone home. 

The following were ordained deacons : — Anderson Ray, 
Samuel K. Hodges, Daniel McPhail, James Parsons, 
William Harris, West Harris, Dabney P. Jones, Wil- 
liam B. Bamett, David S. McBride, Samuel Johnson, 
James B. Turner, Philemon Ogletree, James 0. An- 
drew, John Wright — fourteen in all — ^but few left. 
Samuel Johnson, who claimed me for. his spiritual 
father, is yet living, I presume, and, though located, 
doing well. James 0. Andrew is now a bishop. 

Those ordained elders were : — Solomon Bryan, Daniel 
Brown, John Sewell, John Boswell, Reuben Tucker, 
James Hutto, Ashley Hewitt, Andrew Pickens — eight 
in all — ^none now in the itinerancy. 

Those who located were : — Jonathan Jackson, William 
Capers, Nicholas Powers, Henry D. Green, John Hill, 
mcholas Punch, Benjamin Dulaney, John Jennings, 
James C. Koger, Drury Powell, James Russel, Benjamin 
R. Brown — twelve in all — not more than one now in 
effective service. 

THas year we lost that good and gracious mitak^ L^ia 
9 



98 AUTOBIOQBAPHT OF THE 

Hobbfl, whose life was truly exemplary, and his death 
triumphant. About a day before his death, he ex- 
claimed, ^^ I am going — ^tmt not as a missionary — ^I am 
going to Jesus." On the next day he remarked, ^^I 
am much disappointed ; for I expected before this time 
to have been with the shining songsters." On the next 
day, 4th of September, 1815, he sweetly fell asleep in 
the arms of Jesus. Oh ! blessed Hobbs ! thou art gone 
to the grave, but we cannot d^lore thee ; and as much 
as we loved thee, we would not bring thee back to a 
world of afflictions, of disappointments and crosses. 

In 1816, the following brethren were admitted on 
trial : — ^Z. Dowling, Zachariah Williams, Daniel Gart- 
man, James Bellah, Samuel Harrison, Jesse Sinclair, 
Daniel Christenberry, Andrew Hamil, Tilman Snead, 
David Garrison — ten in all — only one is now in the 
itinerancy — Zaccheus Dowling, of the Alabama Confer- 
ence, and faithful in his calling. 

Those ordained deacons were : — ^Elijah Bird, David 
Hilliard, John Lane, John Scott, (elect,) John Murrow, 
Daniel Monaghen, Nicholas Mclntire, (elect,) West Wil- 
liams, John McClendon, William Winningham, Travis 
Owen, Aquila Leatherwood — ^twelve in all, and all dead 
or located but one, namely, John Lane, already men- 
tioned. 

Those ordained elders were: — G. Christopher, A. 
f urner, T. W. Stanley, Nicholas Talley, J. Hill, H. 
fiass, A. Brown, J. L. Belin, C. Dickenson, J. Bunch, 
H. McPhail, (elect,) W. Partridge, (elect.) 

Those located were : A. Pickens, William Arnold, B. 
S« Ogjietree, Robert Porter, A. H. Saunders, J. 0. ^hfurp. 



air. J08XPH TBAyi8| A.M. 9$ 

• Q. 0. De Yampert, Daniel Brown, John Collins- 

The delegates to the General Conference this year 

,5^0^ the South Carolina Conference were : Lewis Myers, 

"^-^aniel Asbury, Joseph Tarpley, William M. Kennedy, 

^l5iomas Mason, Hilliard Judge, Samuel Dunwoody, 

^■^nthony Senter, John B. Grlenn, James Norton, Solo- 

^>Qon Bryan, Henry Bads, Beuhen Tucker, and Alex- 

^^nder Talley — ^fourteen — all gone to the spirit-land but 

lifelrother Henry Bass, who yet remains among us as one 

the excellent of the eartk. 

At this General Conference, Enoch George and Robert 
. Boberts were elected and ordained bishops. I expect 
bring into yiew in this work, a few interesting pardcu- 
in relation to Bishop Roberts. 



8706'3t 



100 -AUTaBlOORAPH¥ OF TfiS 



CHAPTER VI. 

BeS&tev the IiixierftBoy-^Stati<med in FajretteriUe — Matten and 
Things in the Station — ^First protracted Meeting^li^ daogltter 
Mary Ann bom — ^A History of the rise of Methodism in Payette- 
^e. 

In 1817, the following brethren were receired on trial 
in the South Carolina Conference : — Josiah Evans, John 
Taylor, Thomas Bosemand, Benjamin Wofford, William 
Hankins, Benjamin Green, Hartwell Spain — seven in 
all— only one is remaining in the itinerancy — H. Spain. 

Those ordained deacons were: — John Mote, J. "W. 
Norton, Benjamin Cause, William Kennedy, John Sim- 
mons, Nicholas Mclntire, William Collinsworth, John 
Scott — eight in all — ^none now in the travelling order. 

Those ordained elders were: — James B. Turner, 
James 0. Andrew, Philemon Ogletree, Anderson Ray, 
Samuel K. Hodges, Benjamin C. Scott, Bavid S. Mc- 
Bride, William B. Barnett— eight in all — ^none effective 
at present but Bishop Andrew. 

Those who located were : — ^Wilcy Warwick, HiUiard 
Judge, John Boswell, Archibald Brown, John Wright, 
Dabney P. Jones, West Harris, William Harris, Daniel 
McPhail — nine in all : one of them is X>tx the superan- 



msy. JosspH teayiSi a.m. 101 

Jiaa4;ed list of the Georgia Conference ; namely, Wiley 
WfiLTwick. 

X was this year stationed in Fayetteville, North Caro* 

lix^« ; and as soon as I could arrange my little matters, 

X l^astened to my field of labor, and was kindly received 

l>y my new charge. The first stationed preacher for 

^^at town was Thomas Mason, in 1808 ; in 1809, Samuel 

X>unwoody; 1810, Matthew P. Sturdivant ; 1811, James 

Korton; 1812, William S. Talley; 1813, Solomon 

Bryan; 1814, Griffin Christopher; 1815, John R 

Glenn ; 1816, James Norton ; 1817, Joseph Travis. 

I believe that Methodism was introduced into this 
town by a colored man, named Evans. By continued 
effort he succeeded in getting up a tolerably good-looking 
Methodist meeting-house, in which he preached to the 
blacks, and to as many whites as would come to hear 
him. He also availed himself of the assistance of white 
Methodist preachers 'who might be passing through the^ 
place. In a short time he had a goodly number of his 
own color in society. And his character being good, 
his piety undoubted, and his talents, for a colored man, 
of quite a superior grade, he began more and more to 
elicit the attention of the white population. Ultimately, 
a white married lady, of good mind and accomplished 
manners — a celebrated schoolmistress in the town — 
joined the Methodist Episcopal Church under Evans. 
This same lady remained a faithful member of our 
Church for more than thirty years before her death — a 
mother in Israel, and a pattern of piety to all around 
her. Prejudice against Evans began to melt like wax 
bafore the Aame. Other white citisens presented them- 



102 AXTTOBioamAPHT or thx 

selres to Eyans for admission into the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. His congregation became large and 
respectable. But he, as an hnmble, good Christian, 
transferred church, congregation, and all, over to the 
white Methodist preachers. He continued fidthfol until 
death ; and was no doubt rewarded for his zeal, petj, 
and usefulness by his great Master. 

I entered npon my work irifli my usual detenninstion 
to do all the good I could, and as little harm as possible. 
The society being somewhat lukewarm, I thought best 
to try and stir them up to greater effort in doing good 
to the souls of others; hence I formed what I then 
called "a religious Phalanx Society" — tirenty or thirty 
joining me, to do all they could in behalf of perishing 
sinners. They selected an individual for whom espedally 
they would pray, and with whom, as opportunity served, 
they would converse on the subject of his soul's salva- 
tion. This society was to meet on a certain night once 
a week, to report what success each had realized with 
the individual whom he had selected. I frequently 
turned this meeting into a prayer -meeting, which was 
attended with good results. Lukewarmness no longer 
marked our little Zion : there was manifested a deep 
and heartfelt concern for the prosperity of the Church, 
and for the advancement of the Redeemer's kingdom. 

Shortly after this, I appointed what I then called " a 
big meeting," to confimence on a Wednesday night, and 
continue until the following Monday. At this meeting 
I had the aid of my presiding elder, William M. Ken- 
nedy — that good and much -beloved minister of Christ, 
who baa since left the walk of Taock) \,o yyoL ^<^ t><n^* 



BEV. JOSEPH TRAVIS; A.M. 1(^ 

panj of the blest at Grod's right hand. We also had 
assistance from other preachers within the bounds of 
his district. The meeting was blessed and owned of 
Groi — I think we had about forty converts. Our 
Phalanx Society had not prayed and labored in vain. 
Brother Kennedy, seeing the good success of my "big 
meeting," forthwith appointed one of Uke character for 
Wilmington, which was also attended with much good, 
of which I was an eye-witness. He also appointed 
one for Georgetown — as I was not present at that, 
I cannot say what was the result ; but if there were not 
many conversions, the old professors were enlivened. 
From this year, 1817, until the present date, 1855 — 
thirty -eight years ago — regular protracted meetings 
have been held in many cities and circuits, North, South, 
East, and West, during which time they have not lost 
their utility when rightly conducted. 

Our religious prospects in Fayetteville, from this 
time, were encouraging. A goodly number joined our 
Church, both white and colored. Our congregations 
were large and serious. The other Churches were 
friendly towards me. I preached for the Presbyterians 
one night in the week for about three months. The 
Protestant Episcopal Church invited me to occupy their 
pulpit; as also did the Baptist. My presiding elder, 
before mentioned, one day laughingly said to me, " that 
the care of all the churches was upon me.*' At ono 
time the pastor of one of those churches came to me, 
and said that he had to leave his charge, and that he 
was requested by the proper authorities of his church to 
saj to me, that they desired me to fill his place, with a 



104 AUTOBIOORAPHT OF THB 

sahrj of fifteen hundred dollars per year during life. 
I gave him to understand that I was influenced by prin- 
ciple — ^not bj money or ease ; and that they must excuse 
me for not accepting th^ kind offer. 

I spent a pleasant and, I trust, a profitable year in 
FayetteTille. Mrs. Travis brought me a sweet little 
daughter on the 17th of June. She was our second 
child : our first, bom in 1S12, not living, we were of 
course much wrapped up in this. I can never forget 
the kindness of Brother and Sister Blake, with their 
sons and sons' wives, to me and Mrs. Travis ; as also 
that of Brother and Sister William Terry, and Brother 
and Sister Pierce. Brothers Terry and Pierce were 
local preachers — good and upright men — ^unfortunate in 
commercial business, but steadfast and persevering in 
piety. There was also Sister Lord, with many others, 
whom I hope to meet in a better world. I cannot pass 
by Brother and Sister Lumsden and family, and Brother 
and Sister Samuel Steele. Brother Steele joined our 
Church this year, havmg been happily converted. His 
wife, the daughter of old Brother and Sister Blake^ 
(before mentioned,) wa^ already a member of our Church. 
Their affection and kindness to me and wife cannot soon 
be forgotten. They have a son in the same Conference 
with myself, a travelling preacher, and dmng well. I 
believe he was baptized and dedicated to God by me in 
1817. 

Many of my colored charge are yet affectionately re- 
membered by me, one of whom I must during life bear 
in mind. In common conversation he stuttered most 
grievously ; but when praying in public he was as free 






ASV; JOSEPH T&AVISy A.M. 10& 

from stuttering as a Cicero. He would give a long 
and excellent prayer, without the least hesitation of 
speech. 

This year, my wife's brother, the Rev. Anthony 
Forster, A. M., a Congregational clergyman, of Charles- 
ton, South Carolina, with his wife, paid us a visit. 
He had been with me two or three days, when he 
asked me to take a walk with him, which I did. 
We had not walked far before he remarked that he 
wished to reveal a subject to me which he had as yet 
kept concealed even from his wife : it was, that he had 
changed his religious opinions ; and that he had fully 
and conscientiously embraced Socinian doctrines. I 
was truly startled at the remark ; but was at once led 
to the origin of the cause. His father-in-law, (Joseph 
Gales, Esq., of Raleigh,) whom he hiirhly esteemed as a 
geatlemiTof real worth, (possessing every quaHty that 
rendered him amiaJ[)le,) was a professed Socinian, or 
Unitarian, and was by all admitted to be a man of. supe- 
rior intellect, and of general information : be had thrown 
dust in his eyes that he could not so easily wipe out. 
Mr. Forster returned to Charleston, and announced his 
Socinian faith in the pulpit; upon which by far the 
greater part of his congregation adhered to him, and 
retained him as their pastor. He lived but a few years 
after this. He was a good scholar, a gentleman in the 
broadest sense, a truly upright and conscientious man, 
universally beloved by all who knew him. If he had an 
enemy, I know it not. And I must believe that if ever 
a Socinian went to heaven, Anthony Forster was that 
one. 



106 AUTOBIOeSAPHT OT THB 

Some time after this, Mr. Gales made a little attempt 
upon me. Bnt he happened to ^^wake up the vrrtmg 
poMCTiger ;" for my sentiment was, and is at the pre- 
sent moment : 

'' I am a poor siimor, a nothing at aU ; . 
Bat Jeeos Christ is my AU in aU ;" 

or, in the more emphatic language of Mr. Wesley : 

** I the chief of sinners am ; 
Bat Jesos died for me." 

If there be any one plain and unequivocal doctrine to 
me in the Holy Scripture, it is that of the Divioity of 
Christ ; as also his perfect equality with the Father — 
the atonement ^o^t out by bin, in Ae vicarious 
sacrifice of himself upon the cross — ^while his undoubted 
resurrection becomes the foundation of our justification. 
We could have had no faith in a dead Saviour. Mr. 
Gales was a considerable man, and knew well how to 
defend his doctrine : he was also a man of urbanityi 
mildness, and affability. He was the father of the 
highly respectable and gifted editor in Washington city, 
(Joseph Gales,) of the National Intelligencer. 



R>T. JOBSPH TKATIS, A.M. 107 



CHAPTER VII. 

Appointed on the Pee Bee District, embnciiig Lynch's Creek Circuit, 
Black RiTer CSreniti, Little Pee Dee Ciremt, Bladen Circuit, Deep 
Bifet CSrcQit, Brunswick Cireait» Georgetown Station, EajettOTille 
Station, and Wilmington Station — ^Bishop McKendree— Onr Trard. 
to the Virginia Conference — ^Remained on this District Poor Con- 
secntiTe Years — ^In 1820, was delegated to the General Conference 
at Baltimore— Remarks on said Conference— Rer. William M. Ken- 
nedy — ^Rey. John GameweU. 

In 1818, our Annual Conference met in Augusta, 
Georgia. The following brethren were received on 
trial: — James Dunwoody, Elisha Callaway, Raleigh 
Green, Robert Floumoy, John Freemjan, Thomas Winn, 
John McYean, Hugh Hamil, Jeremiah Moser, Nicholas 
Ware, Asbury Morgan, Benjamin Rhodes, Absalom 
Philips, John L. Greaves, Thomas A. Smith, Anthony 
Simons, John L. Jerry, John Dix, William Connell, H. 
T. Fitzgerald, and Charles Betta^— twenty«one in all. 
Few of them are now in the work — ^the greater part 
located, and many gone home. 

Those ordained deacons were : — James Bellah, Daniel 
P. Christenberry, Z. Williams, Tilman Snead, Andrew 
Hamil, Z. DowUng — six in all — ^but few left, and only 
one in the work. 

Those ordained elders were : — ^William Wixmingham, 
{elect J Elijah Bird, Aquila LeattieirTOaflL, \i» 'SSi»srt.^ 



108 AUTOBIOGllAPHT Ot THE 

Daniel Monaghen, John Marrow, John McClendon, John 
S. Ford, James Parsons, and Samuel Johnson — ^ten in 
all — how few hft! 

Those who located were : — John Sewell, B. C. Scott, 
Thomas W. Stanley, WiUiam L. Winningham, A. Leath- 
erwood. West Williams, William Collinsworth— ^-seven in 
all — ^none of them ever returned into the itinerant 
ranks. 

At this Conference I was aj^ointed presiding elder 
<m the Pee Dee District, with the following field of labor 
and fellow-workmen : — 

Lynch's Creek Circuit, Elijah Bird. 

Black Biver Circuit, James Parsons, William Hankins* 

Little Pee Dee Circuit, John W. Norton, Josiah Evans. 

Bladen Circuit, John Dix. 

Deep Biver Circuit, John BosweH. 

Brunswick Circuit, Samuel Harrison, A. HamiL 

Georgetown Station, John McVean. 

Fayetteville Station, Whitman C. Itill. 

Wilmington Station, James 0. Andrew. 

I had taken Mrs. Travis and our infant with me to 
Camden, to see her sister, residing in that place, with 
whom she remained until I went on to Conference and 
returned. At this Conference, Bishops McKendree and 
Roberts were present. It was the first time that many 
of us had had the pleasure of seeing Bishop Boberts. 
The impression he made upon our Conference was of the 
most favorable chiiracter ; and it was more deeply im- 
preissed upon us by every subsequent visit. 

I entered my field of labor in rather bad plight, having 
bad chills an4 fevers for several weeks \ and when Bishop 



RBT. JOSEPH TBAVISi A.M. 106 

McEendree spoke to me at Conference about a districti, 
I gave him to miderstand my state of health ; to wlu(ji 
he replied, that he did not so mnch care about vij 
preaching, so that I would merely attend the quarterly; 
meetings, and see to the well-being of the circuits and 
stations within my district. I however preached regu- 
larly at each quarterly meeting. In less than three 
months my health was entirely restored. Biding on 
horseback and hard living were the very life of me. I 
was finally led to believe tiiat my appointment on a 
district was altogether providential. Had I again been 
stationed in a town in my then present situation, I doubt 
whether I should have survived six months. I obtained 
a pleasant boarding-house for my wife and daughter; 
and generally having good meetings, and being cordially 
received in every part of my work, I felt thankful that 
the lines had fallen to me in pleasant places. I was 
also at home in difierent parts of my district, having 
previously been appointed to Brunswick Circuit, to 
Georgetown, Wilmington, and Fayetteville. My old 
friends were glad to see me back among them, and I no 
less so, to be with them. My district also embraced 
that section of country where I had labored for three 
years as a local preacher. Indeed, there was scarcely 
any part of it with which I had not had some previous 
acquaintance. 

** And if our feUowship below 
In Jesus be so sweet, 
What height of rapture shall we know 
When round his throne we meet!" 

But, alas ! my peace and happiness was greatly inter- 
10 



'.-r-. 



no AUTOBIOGRAPHT OF THE 

mpted upon mj second Tisit to my fayored (xeorgetotm. 
Brother McVean, who had been formerly expelled our 
Conference and Church for intemperance, was, at the 
Itet Conference, again received back on trial ; and being 
a preacher of acknowledged abilities, he was stationed 
in Georgetown. He soon became popnlar there, and 
had crowded congregations, bidding fair to do mnch 
good. But previous to the second quarterly meeting 
for the station, he became dead drunkj and left the 
place. Brandy had sealed his doom, and gave our 
Church a most grievous wound. I afterwards under- 
stood that the unfortunate old man professed to be re- 
claimed, joined the Church again, and became a local 
preacher a few years before his death. I think that he 
found his way to heaven. What to do for the station, I 
knew not : I had no one to spare from the work on the 
district. I at last thought of Brother John Howard, an 
exhorter in Wilmington. He had but lately married : 
was a merchant in Wilmington : a young man beloved 
by all who knew him, and doing a good business in the 
place. I was fearful that I could not get him to re- 
nounce his worldly prospects for the pitiful salary of a 
Methodist preacher; but I was happily disappointed* 
He consented forthwith : sold oflf his goods and chattels, 
and hastened to Georgetown. He was a fine singer, 
zealous and prudent : his language was chaste, and re- 
plete with good sense. He not only did well, but very 
well. From this time, he devoted himself entirely to 
the itinerancy. He was popular and useful on circuits, 
stations, and districts; and finally died at his post, 
shouting aloud, ^* Glory, glory to God !" 



RBT. JOSEPH TRAVIS, A.M. Ill 

Brother Whitman G. Hill had good times this year in 
^ayetteyille. He appointed another protracted meeting. 
The result was glorious. Brother Hill, however, effected 
as much out of the pnlpit as in it. He was a good 
pastor, and loved to talk about religion to saint and 
sinner. I am glad to learn that he is yet living, and 
striving to do good: he is a superannuated member 
of the Georgia Conference. 

I had a camp -meeting on Town Greek, Brunswick 
Circuit. The encampment was pretty large — the con- 
gregation good — ^the preachers were gifted, and sufScient 
in number. The meeting commenced on Thursday. 
Day after day, I continued appointing the greatest men 
to preach. Saturday night came — nothing effected; 
not a groan or tear, that I heard or saw. I feared a 
perfect water-haul^ as the result of our meeting. How- 
ever, on Sabbath morning, I concluded to reverse the 
order of the day, and selected . two of the weakest 
preachers on the ground — the one to preach, and the 
other to exhort after him. The one preached a good 
short sermon : the other rose to exhort, and in a short 
time he commenced weeping, and, in his simple and 
plain manner, related his experience of conversion by 
the aid of his pious mother, then in glory. The hal- 
lowed fire caught in the congregation. A general weep- 
ing took place, and finally loud bursts of shouting. 
From that hour the work went on; and many were 
happily converted before Monday morning — plainly 
evincing that "the race is not to the swift, nor the 
battle to the strong."* 

* Bnt see John iv. 38. — [Editor. 



i 



112 AUTOBIOO&APHT Ot THX 

Quite a aingolar circumstaiice transpired in the 
neighborhood of Wihnington* A Mr. Henry Howard, 
the brother of John Howard, before mentioned — a 
i^althj farmer^ but a professed infidel, and an inyete- 
iiate enemy to religion, especially to Methodism — had 
a negro man of probity and honesty of character, who 
had been a member of the Methodist Church for more 
than twenty years. Peter was his nanne. This old man 
died, and Mr. Howard attended his buriaL As he 
stej^ed into the hut where the corpse of Peter lay, 
another servant remarked to him, saying, ^^ Peter has 
gone to heayen." This sentence fastened upon Mr* 
Howard. As he walked to the grave, it kept ringing in 
his ear — ^^ Peter has gone to heaven." As he came 
back, the voice sounded in his ear the same words. At 
the supper -table it still continued. When he lay down 
to sleep, it haunted him: for hours he could not sleep. 
At length he fell into a doze ; woke up about midnight ; 
and the first thing he heard was, '^ Peter has gone to 
heaven." To tiie astonishment of his wife, he cried out, 
*' If Peter has gone to heaven, his poor master is on the 
road to hell!" He then sprang out of bed; got upon 
his knees ; commenced praying for mercy, and at length 
obtained the pearl of great price. He had an associa- 
tion of infidels in Wilmington : he hastened to let them 
know of the change. The following Sabbath he pre- 
sented himself to Brother Andrew, stationed preacher, 
for admission into our Church. Some of his associates 
did the same. In due time the Quarterly Conference 
of the station voted him a license to preach, which I 
accordingly gave him. 



RXY. JOSXPB TKAYIB, A.M. 113 

^e next Annual Conference for 1819 was held in 
Camden, December 24, 1818. The following brethren 
^ere i-eceived on trial : — James Danelly, Barnabas Pip- 
^) Jesse Sinclair, Matthew Raiford, Levi Stansell, 
Jolm Mullenix, John Schroeble, John Chapel, Peter 
^uff, Christian G. Hill, John Howard, Thomas Gardner, 
Samuel Jenkins, Jan. — thirteen in all — only three of 
tiiem are now in the itinerancy. 

Those ordained deacons were: — John Taylor, Hart- 
^ell Spain. 

Those ordained elders were: — D. Garrison, John 
Mote, John Wesley Norton, William Kennedy, John 
Simmons, T. Owen, N. Mclntire, John Scott, Benjamin 
(Vofford — nine in all — the greater part of whom are 
lead. 

Those who located were : — J. W. Nwrton, Bryan Gause, 

John Scott, A. Ray, D. S. McBride, John B. Glenn, 

Solomon Bryan, S. Johnson, . James B. Turner, Epps 

'I^ucker, John Bunch, D. Monaghen, Samuel Harrison, 

^d John S. Ford — only fourteen in all. J. L. Belin, 

superannuated. 

I was reappointed to the same district — not reluct- 
antly, as I know not where I could have been sent more 
congenial to my feelings, or with greater prospect of 
doing good. It is true that the district was large, and 
occasioned much fatigue in riding ; but, 



'< Labor is rest, and pain is sweet, 
If thou, my God, art here.' 



tt 



The following brethren were appointed as co-workers 
irith me in the vineyard of the Lord : — 
10* 



]14 AVTOBIOa&APHT OV THE 

Lynch's Creek, Jolm Boswell. 

Black River, John Diz* 

Little Pee Dee, Nicholas Mclntire, 0. Or. Hifl. 

Bladen, Jeremiah Norman. 

Deep River, Andrew Hamil. 

Brunswick, Elijah Bird, Samuel Jenkins. 

Georgetown, Whitman C. Hill. 

Fayetteville, Nicholas Talley. 

Wilmington, William M. Kennedy. 

Brother William M. Kennedy had been my former 
excellent presiding elder— a man beloved by samt and 
sinner. I had known him for many years ; but never 
knew or heard of his enemy. He literally followed 
peace with all men — ^yea, and holiness of heart andf life. 
He professed the blessing of sanctification, and mani- 
fested its fruits in his daily walk and conversation. He 
has gone to rest; and it delights tuy inmost soul, that I 
shall be again associated with William M. Kennedy. 
We entered upon our year's work in good spirits, and 
with a determination to do all we could for the prosperity 
of the Church, and for the furtherance of the Redeemer's 
kingdom. We did not labor in vain. Many were 
happily brought home to God, through the instrument- 
ality of his servants, within the bounds of the district. 
Our camp-meetings were especially owned and blessed 
of God. I can never forget a circumstance that tran- 
spired at one of them. Had I not been an eye-witness 
to the fact, I should hardly have known what amount of 
credence to give the report. 

A lad of about nine or ten years of age was stricken 
down under preaching. At the cilo^e ot t\ve ;&«^Wi^^ hft 



i 



RET. JOSEPH TBAYISi A.M. 115 

-wds carried to his father's tent, speechless, breathless, 
and pulseless. Accidentally, a sound was heard in his 
l>reast ; and npon putting the ear to the mouth of the 
child, the word " glory" was heard. I was sent for to 
see him. I stepped up to the bed on which he lay. I 
first exaonined his pulse; but found he had none. I 
stood over him for some time, to see if I could discovw 
any signs of life about him ; but found none. I then 
put my ear to his mouth, and could distinctly hear the 
sound, " Glory, Glory, Glory !" I stood in amazement, 
and could but exclaim, '^ the depth of the riches, both 
of the wisdom and knowledge of God ! How unsearch- 
able are his judgments, and his ways past finding out !" 
At length I walked out. But had I been a skeptic, this 
wondrous instance of Divine power would have scattered 
my principles and creed to the four winds of heaven. 
The dear child lay in this state for some hours. 

The preachers within the boxmds of the district were 
blessed with good health and general prosperity. We 
had a pleasant year, and its labors are bound to tell in 
eternity. 

Our next Annual Conference was at Charleston, Jan- 
uary 13th, 1820. Bishops McKendree and George were 
in attendance. Those admitted on trial were : — Thomas 
Samford, Benjamin Gordon, Jesse Wall, Thomas Clin- 
ton, Barnet Smith, Robert Adams, N, Rhodes, Aquila 
Norman, Stephen Bass, Benjamin L. Hoskins, Anthony 
T. Simmons, John H. Treadwell, Thomas Mabrey, 
Robert Wilkinson — ^fourteen in all : only two are now 
registered in any Annual Conference ; namely, Thomas 



116 AUTOBIOOKAPHT OY l^HX 

SaBiford, Louisiana Conference, and Thomas Clinton, 
Mississippi Conference. 

Those ordained deacons were: — James Pnnwoodj, 
Elisha CaUaway, Baleigh Grreen, Robert Flonmoj, Jers- 
miah Freemal^ Thomas L. Winn, Hugh Hamil, N. 
Ware, Asbnry Morgan, Benjamin Rhodes, John L 
Greaves, Thomas A. Smith, John L* Jerry, C. Betts, 
Josiah Evans, Thomas A. Rosemand, and William Han- 
kins — seventeen in all. But two are now itinerating — 
namely, our good and faithful brothers, John L. Jerry 
and C. Betts. 

Those ordained elders were : — James Bellah, D. !*• 
Christenberry, A. Hamil, Zacoheus Dowling, Zechariafc 
Williams, Tihnan Snead — six in all — only one left, good 
Brother Dowling. 

Those located were: — John Simmons, P. OgletreOt 
Benjamin WoflFord, James L. Belin — ^four in all — ^nono 
returned to effective work. John Gamewell and William 
B. Barnett, superannuated. 

The delegates to General Conference with myself 
were : — Samuel Dunwoody, William M. Kennedy, Jameit 
Norton, Lewis Myers, Daniel Asbury, William Capers, 
James 0. Andrew, and Samuel K. Hodges — ^nine in all : 
only two remain — namely. Bishop Andrew and my* 
self. 

At this General Conference, tiie difficulties existing 
in Canada, between us and the British Methodisft mis* 
sionaries, (no doubt partly growing out of the War of 
1812,) were brought up, and, though not finally se^tled 
at this Conference, yet, through the agency of that 



RBT. JOBXPH VRATIB, A.M. 117 

great and amiable minister, Br. Jolin Emofy, who was 
sent from this Conference to the next ensoing British 
Conference, all the thai existing difficnhies between the 
two Methodist conneetkms were amicably adjusted. 
ISiere was sharpHshooting among the delegates of this 
Conference, in reference to the mode of appointing pre- 
lidmg elders, which I need not here relate in detafl, the 
subject being well nnderstood by the Methodists. I 
hare only to add, that it has died a natural death, with 
no prospects whateyer of a resurrection ; particularly in 
the Southern department of Methodism. Our beloTed 
and yenerable Joshua Soule was at this Conference 
elected bishop ; but, for reasons which he deemed ade- 
quate, he declined ordination. The vexatious slaTC 
question was also again introduced ; causing no small 
excitement in the Conference. An improved edition of 
our hymn-book was ordered to be printed by our book 
agents. An important alteration in relation to our 
local brethren was also made, forming them into District 
Conferences, etc. Education also received a marked 
attention, as also the missionary cause; a committee 
being appointed (the writer among the number) to draft 
a Constituticm for the Missionary Society of the Method* 
ist Episcopal Church, which was written by Dr. Emory, 
Chairman of the Committee. Five hundred copies of 
the Report were forthwith ordered to be printed, that 
tiiie delegates might furnish their respective districts and 
circuits with the Constitution. The Conference ad- 
journed on the 27th of May, to meet again in Balti- 
more, May 1st, 1824. 

I returned with my dear wife and littie daughter, who 



118 AUTOBIOGKAPHT OltTBM' 

had accompanied me to Baltimore. I found that all 
things had worked smoothly and successfully in my dis- 
trict. There had heen neither death nor sickness among 
the preachers. Our protracted and camp»meeting8 were 
in the general abundantly blessed to hundreds — ^the old 
professors being revived, young converts strengthened, 
and many poor sinners brought into the fold. What a 
pity that camp -meetings of late have fallen into dis- 
repute, or at least into disuse, particularly in the South- 
west ! I am afraid it is owing to the want of zeal in 
both clergy and laity. 

We passed through the conference year in pleasurable 
toils and labors, well recollecting that, if called of God 
^ to the ministry, we could not labor in vain. Our local 
brethren were much pleased with having their District 
Conference. The first we had was at a c^^mp-meeting, 
which by many will not soon be fcHrgotten. It was a 
season of merciful visitation. 

Our next Annual Conference was held in Colunibia, 
S. C, January 11, 1821. Haying no data to go upon, 
(the printed Minutes not being at my command,) I can- 
not give the names of preachers received, ordained, or 
located. I was reappointed to the same district. The 
brethren sent to labor with me in the district for 1820, 
were : — 

Lynch's Creek, Christian G. Hill. 

Black Kiver, Elijah Bird. 

Little Pee Dee, Nicholas Ware, John Dix. 

Brunswick, B. Silliard, A. T. Simmons, Aquila 
Norman. 

Bladen, Jeremiah Norman. 



RSy. JOSSPH T&AYIS^ A.M. 119 

Deep Biyer, James Dannellj* 

Greorgetown, John Howard. 

Fayetteville, Hartwell Spain. 

Wilmington, Nicholas TaUey. 

Mj memory does not sufficiently serve me to attempt 
a record of the preachers on my district for 1821. 

Before entering on my work this year, (1821,) by the 
request of Bishop McKendree, I accompanied him to 
the Virginia Conference, to be holden in Baleigh, N. C, 
February 23d. Mrs. Travis and our dear little Mary 
went with me. Bishop Creorge was also in attendance. 
The health of Bishop McKendree would admit of his 
visiting the Conference-room but seldom, so that the en- 
tire business of the Conference devolved on Bishop^ 
George. 

After the adjournment of the Virginia Conference, 
myself and little family hastened back to the work as- 
signed me. This year we boarded with Brother James 
Pegues. I asked him what would be his charge for the 
year. He frankly replied that he would charge nothing ; 
to which I demurred,, stating that he ought to be paid ; 
to which he pleasantly answered: ^'Then just give me 
an ear of cam at the expiration of the year." Brother 
Pegues and wife were truly devoted Christians, and 
pillars in our Church in that section of country, (Marl- 
borough District, South Carolina.) During the entire 
year I was blessed with health : however, we came near 
losing our child. She had a violent attack of fever ; 
and her mother, by continued watching and attention, 
was at length taken down .by the same disease. By the 
blessing of Gk>d, they both recovered. I do not recollect 



120 AUTOBIQQRAPHT OF THE 

losing an appointment on acoonnt of their affliction. I 
was, indeed, sent for at a camp-meeting, to hasten home 
— ^my daughter was said to be dying. I started about 
midnight from the camp -ground, rode nearly twenty 
miles, and did not return, it being but a short time be- 
fore it would close. However, when I got home, my 
child had taken a change for the better, and thua con- 
tinued until her final recovery. 

Myself, wife, and daughter came very near being 
seriously injured by our horse running away with us, in 
our vehicle, in coming from church, where I had that 
day preached. On the rise of a long, steep, and rocky 
hill, a young man thoughtlessly came galloping by my 
^horse, occasioning him to take fright, and to run away. 
I immediately looked up to my heavenly Father, and as 
quick as thought it was impressed upon my mind that 
not one of us should be hurt. I went calmly down the 
hill. Mrs. Travis made an attempt to throw our child 
out, and thereby save it ; but I caught her in due time^ 
and begged that she would not be alarmed, but keep the 
child in the carriage. At the bottom of the hill there 
was a mill-pond, and I intended to try to rein my horse 
into it, well knowing there would soon be many at 
hand to rescue us from the water. A gentleman, how- 
ever, being before me on horseback, finding that he 
could not keep the road ahead of my horse, took the 
woods. My horse followed, and soon ran the fore-wheel 
of our vehicle against a slender sapling, which in part 
gave way to the wheel, but not entirely. Hefe oui* 
affrighted horse got loose from the carriage without 
breaking a trace, or eVen a hame-string; and the ottly 



mXY. JQ6SPH T&AVia, A.M. 1^ 

damage done the carnage, was the breaking off ik^ 
four posts, the top of the eanriage being left on the 
road. As soon as our little daughter, then four jeara 
old, saw that we were safe, she cried aloud, '^ Olorj to 
Grod ! the iiorse is gone — the horse is gone !" Brother 
P^nes, with iriiom we boarded, had left his barouche 
and nm after us, and when he found us safe and unhurt, 
raised another shout, so that we ahnost had a little oan^ 
meeting time. Truly, ^^ goodness aind mercy have fol* 
l^wed ma all the days of my life;'* and I hope ^^lo 
dwell in the house of the Lord for ever." 

The time was approaching when I must leave Pee Dee 
District, having been on it four years. I had to bid 
farewell to many excellent friends, such as Brother and 
Sister Pegues, with whom we had lived twelve months- 
old Sister John Brown, of Bladen, N. C, who also would 
receive but a trifle for our board, and who studied to make 
us happy. Brother Pegues and Sister Brown have both 
gone to heaven. that I may be permitted to meet 
them there ! 

We had within the bounds of this district some truly 
worthy local preachers. Mastin D. Crawford was a 
sweet orator, and a deeply pious man : he was useful, 
and universally beloved. I have recently heard of his 
death, but did not learn the particulars : I must believe 
that ^^ the end of such a man was peace." 

Brother Gamewell, a superannuated member of our 
Conference, was in the bounds of this district. He wab 
accustomed to travel extensively with me from one ap- 
pointment to another. He was good company, and, best 
of all, a good man, and very acceptable preach^. Ht 
11 



lis AUTOBIO^BA^&T OV ?ltf£ 

1M ttAicb i^Teii to prayer — in prirat^, in fbe fkimlj, 
Itndin pablic His ehildren were btonght/^np in the 
Atcrtitre and admoniti<m of tiie Lord/' He lias now a 
ion in the' Sonth Carolina Conference, of excellent cha- 
r^aet^ and of undoubted fidelity, whom I haye never 
seen— there fa another in Jackson, Tennestiee, with 
whom I became aeqnahited, imd found to breathe the 
spirit of his T«[ierable «id sifted father. May the 
entire &mi}y meet in heaven ! The encoun^ement thai 
parents have to the culture of early piety in their diild* 
ren is truly great* 



«Blr« 10B9PH TitATTS, A. If. IM 



CHAPTER Vlll. 

ApiKMBM te OgMhM IMstrioi— HiMory of tke rise 6f Methodism in 
Geoigia — Thomu Humphries, Hope Hall, aad othen of preeioiu 
memory, descanted npon — ^Remained on this district three year^^ 
Pr. Ignatius Few — ^Bishop Roberts — ^Dr. OUn — James E. Glenn^ 
Lucios Q. C. De Yampert — John Povter— Delegate to the Oeaera] 
Ooofwetnee of 1824 at Baltimore-^Dr. Lorick Fiere^— Ber. Mr. 
Beeoe— Bey. BIr. Haanah^-^Aey. Mr. Snmmerfield^^At the end 
of the Conference year located. 

OtB next Anniifd Conference was held in Angnftta^ 
Gra. Bishop George presided. I requented not to be 
put on a distriot At the conoliiflion of Conference^ 
Bishop George called npon me to read out the appoint- 
taeniMj and when I came to Ogechee District, I had to 
announce my own name. The next day I hastened 
to So/ath Carolina, where I had left my wife and dangh* 
ter, and made an arrangeolent for a speedy journey to 
Washington, Wilkes county^ Ga., where I wae to rerfde. 
Brother Thomas Darley, who was stationed in that vil- 
lage, met with m there, and oondncted us to Brother 
William Jones's, about one mile distant, where we were 
hospitably cmtertained until imt patvonage was fitted up, 
and neoessary supplies obtained. 

This district at that time passed over the Savannah 
Biver, took in Abbeville, Edgefield, iknd Old Pendleton 
fiUrMft Bsl iiow hibTing got back to Qeor^ I will 



U4 AU-TOBIOGRAPHY OF TBS 

endeavor to give a brief history of the rise of Methodism 
in that State. The first mention of Georgia in the 
Minutes is : 

1785. Beverly Allen. 

1786. James Foster, (elder,) and Thomas Humphries, 

John Maj(^. 

1787. Richard Ivy, elder. 

** Burke Circuit, John Major, Matthew Harris. 
^^ Broad River Circuit, John Mason, Thomas 
Davis. 

1788. Richard Ivy, elder- 

" Burke Circuit, Moses Park, Bennet Maxey. 

" Richmond, Matthew Harris. 

" Washington Circuit, Hope Hull, James Connor. 
1789* Richard Ivy, presiding elder, and Beverly 
Allen, elder. 

" Washington Circuit, Moses Park, Wyatt An- 
drews. 

^^ Richmond Circuit, Matthew Harris, Wheeler 
Grissom. 

^^ Burke Circuit, Hope Hull, Bennet Maxey. 

^^ Augusta, James Connor. 
1790. Richard Ivy, elder. 

^< Washington Circuit, Matthew Harris^ 

'^ Richmond Ciircuit,. Bennet Maxey, John HoUh 
day. 

^' Burke Circuit, John Andrew, Wheeler Ghrissom; 

^^ Savannah Circuit, John Crawford, Philip Mat* 
thews. 

^^ Saviumah Town, Hope Hull. 
:. I think it mnecessftry to traiiBcribd any furtb^r fieoai 



RST. J08]tPl[ TRATI8, A.M. 126 

"the BGntttes : encragh is giren to point out to the reader 
yrho were the pioneers of Methodism in the now flourish- 
ing State of Georgia, (rightly called the Empire State 
of the South,) and in which Methodism ranks higher 
than any other denomination, for talent, wealth, and 
Vacation ; and for piety and zeal, we trust, at least 
equal to any other. 

Beverly Allen appears to have been the first regular 
Methodist preacher sent to Oeorgia. I fain would pass 
over in charitable- silence the faults and imperfections 
of my fellow-creatures, but I am compelled to state that 
Beverly Allen most grievously apostatized. May we 
ever keep in mind the inspired caution, ^^ Let him that 
thinketh he standeth, take heed lest he fall." 

Thomas Humphriefi^ and John Major came nert into 
the glorious field of missionary labor. John Major died 
in 1788. The Minutes take the following brief but 
satisfactory notice of him: — "John Major, a simple- 
hearted man, a living, loving soul, who died as he lived, 
full- of faith and th^ Holy Ghost. Ten years in the 
work, useful and blameless." O that such could have 
been the printed and true record of poor Beverly 
Allen! 

We have already noticed the Rev. Thomas Humphries 
as having lived to a good old age, retaining his minis* 
terial character unblemished to the last. 

The Bev. Hope Hull was a prominent minister in ad- 
vancing the cause of Methodism in Georgia. After 
itinerating for several years, he married and located. 
He was known of thousands, and was most favorably 
known* His talents as a preacher Were more than ordi- 
11* 



|jM AUTOBIOGBAPHT Of T^9 



tuury. His life as a citizen and miioster was irreproacdb 
liable. HicL zeal for God, and hiB attacbxoent to Methodiat 
doctrines and usages, remauied unabated to the yerj 
last. In full and ripe years, bis work being acoom- 
pliahed, and bis course finisjied, be expired in faU sight 
of the glory, immortalitj, and eternal life that awaited 
him in the spirit-land. My own acquaintance with Mr. 
Hull was limited ; but I saw enough to satisfy me that 
when in his company I was mingling with no eommon 
man, with no ordinary minister, with no half-way Me- 
thodist, or lukewarm Christian. He was quite plain id, 
his dress — not from necessity, but from ccMoscimtioua- 
choice. At one of our camp-meetings, a certain young 
preacher, rather of the petit-maitre order, said to him, 
'^ Brother Hull, I do thioJc that if you were a little more 
attentive to your dress and appearance in the pulpit, it 
would be advantageous to you/' Mr. Hull gave him 
one of his significant looks, replying, ^^ You know. Sir, 
that in a team of horses, it is necessary at least for onre 
of them to hold back.'' The young man took the plain 
hint, and no doubt profited thereby. I eicpect before 
closing this work to give the history of Mr. Hull's itine^- 
rant ministry from the commencement until his location. 
What has not the Lord wrought in Georgia for the 
past sixty -five or seventy years— ^especially through 
the agency of the Methodist ministry! Consider the 
thousands already in heaven, with the tens of thousands 
that are on the way ! Look also at the number of aoa^ 
demies and colleges which have within a few years 
sprung up and are doing well under our direction! 
And then think of the vast amount of good that these 



l^aV. J081FK TftjLVIS, A.M. 127 

lit^rarj in0tiiiitioii» will do to the rising generation for 
year» to come t The eitisens of Georgia may well say, 
'^ The Lord hath done great things for 08^ whereof wb 
are ^ad.'' 

(hi this district I hecame acqnainted with Col. Ig- 
natiius A. Few, who was at that time a confirmed in- 
fidel ; yel a gentleman of kind and conrteons manners. 
When at my appointments, he frequently asked me home 
with him, and I generally went. Being somewhat fond 
of controYersy, he would frequently introduce his fiiivor- 
ite suhject^ Infidelity. He displayed great skill and 
tact in defending his principles ; and I would rather 
^gftg^ ^ argument with any man that I erer saw, than 
with Col. Few. He at length removed to Augusta, 
Georgia ;nand at one of my quarterly meetings in that 
place, hearing of my being there, he very politely sent 
an invitation to myself and wife to come and tarry a 
^ight with him — Shaving been sick, he was unable to 
come to me in person. We accordingly went. He toM 
me of his narrow escape from death by hemorrhage of 
the lungs. After supper, I proposed i»rayer, which was 
a.oceded to ; but, as usual, he stood up in thne of prayer. 
Some little time after — ^the ladies having retired — ^the 
Colonel introduced his favorite subject. We argued 
until the clock struck one, A. M. I then determined 
upon an argument ad haminemj 9aid asked him, if he 
felt no dread of death, when he thought that he was 
about to die. To which he replied, that for a few 
moments he felt somewhat curious ; but that as soon as 
he doidd rally his natural powers, all was calm and 




128 AUxaBioomAPHT ov thb 

^«6t with him. ^< WeB)" eajB I, ^ Colonel, I am dois^ 
Let hb retire to rest." I went into my room, said vcm 
prayerSi and had merely got into bed, when a me^ 
senger knocked at my room door, saying, ^' Massa wan 
to see you very bad." I sprang up, and began to dress^^ 
when his nephew came, saying,^ Do, Mr. Travis, mak^ 
hafte: my uncle is very bad off." I hastened to bim r 
he could not speak for the hemorrhage of the lunges 
under which he was then again suffering. He held ou^ 
his hand to me, looking me full in the face ; and nevei* 
can I forget the significant look he gave me — as mucbt 
as if he had said, ^^ I told you but a few minutes ago 
that I was not afraid to die ; but 0, Sir, it is not so !*' 
I remained with him until three o'clock in the morning. 
In the meantime the doctor was sent for; and he con- 
siderably relieved him. The next morning I entered 
his room, and soon foimd that he could now have been 
led with a tow thread. I talked with him, but never 
upbraided him ; nor did I even allude to the previous 
night's conversation. I prayed with him, and left him ; 
and, being on the eve of my departure from my district, 
I never afterwards saw him till he was an itinerant min- 
ister in our Church. In 1884, he was stationed in 
Macon, and I in Milledgeville. I attended one of the 
quarterly meetings in his station — in the love- feast 
he arose, and after making a few quite pertinent and 
appropriate remarks, turned round to where I was sit- 
ting in the altar, and said, ^'Brethren, there sits my 
spiritual father, Brother Travis." I felt gratitude to 
God for making me the unworthy instrument of the con- 



BSy. J08S1PR TRAVIS; A.M. 129 

^irsion of -such a man ; but I also felt shaxno and coif 
^on of Boul tliat the son had already so far outstripped 
e father. 

Brother Few was truly a ^^ burning and a shining 
ight.*' He had a capacious mind— clear, strong, and 
ogical. Not many could outdo him in argumentation, 
judgment (after conversion) was generally correct, 
^ind very decisive. His literary acquirements were pro> 
jfbund. But, above all, his piety was unquestionable. 
IHoliness appeared to absorb his thoughts from day to 
^ay. He died in humble assurance of his acceptance 
^with God, and of his certain felicity beyond the grave. 
O that I may be counted worthy of having some seat 
:3iear to him in heaven ! The Rev. Dr. Few being so 
^well known as a preacher, and as president of a college, 
it is unnecessary to comment upon his character. 

I think it was in 1822 that we had a good camp-meet- 
ing at old Tabernacle, in Abbeville Circuit, South Caro- 
Hna; It was supposed that one himdred and fifty pro- 
fessed oonversion. The great Dr. Olin commenced hia 
religious course in this neighborhood. I must state how 
egregiously I was mistaken in the man. I had seen him, 
and, some how or other, the looks of the man were by no 
means prepossessing to me. When his name was presented 
to the District Conference for license to preach — although 
I seldom made any remarks myself jpro or c(m in relation 
to candidates for license to preach — I remarked that 
Brother Olin might bo a very correct Aw?, hcecj hoe 
scholar; but I very much doubted whether he would 
ever make a preacher. Brother James £. Glenn replied, 
*^ Brother Travis, you don't know the man." I readily 



replied that I did not. And having awsh o<m&den0e ii^ 
!l^otiier Glenn's good judgment, I ceased niy remarks ; 
and by the voice of the Conference, I granted him 
license to preach. A few weeks after he waa lic^oised 
he was at one of my qnart^ly meetings* I pnt him up 
to preach. His sermon was truly ezoellenW-language 
plain and sublime — ideas in perfect keeping with Holy 
Writ and Methodist doctrines. His exegeM iiiroughout 
exhibited a superior mind ; and the whole manifested a 
coherent arrangement, and a dovetail connection.. I 
really thought him guilty of plagiarism ; but I could not 
tell where he stole it« 

In a week or two after. this, he attended one of my 
oamp-meetings. Now, thipks I, Brother ^^^phen," I 
shall have a fair chance to make fall proof of you, and 
ascertain the fact, whether what you preach be original 
or borrowed : hence, I put him up on Friday at eleven 
o'clock. This sermon was superior to the one he deliv- 
ered at the quarterly meeting. On Saturday, I again 
put him up at eleven o'clock, the congregation being 
pretty large. This sermon far excelled the other two. 
Not knowing any author from whom he had borrowed a 
sentence, I concluded to give him one more trial befbre 
J miade up my mind in relation to him. Accordingly, I 
put him up to preach again on Sunday at eleven o'clock,, 
to an overwhehfting congregation. Eye^gate was open^ 
ear-gate open, and occasionally mouth-gato-rrall open— • 
while in language sublime and powerful, and with ^ a 
pathos expressive of deep feeling, yet with rather awk* 
ward gestures, he descanted upon the daughter of He- 
rodias dancing, with its dolorous result, the beheading 



BB¥. J08SPH TBAVI9, A.y. 181 

of John the Baptist. 0, it inua » Bermon replete with 
matter the moat intereating, particularly to mothera in 
the education of their daughters, to young people fond 
of dancing, and to Christians in all their sufferings and 
persecutions. But it is impossible for me at this late 
date to epitomize the sermon, or even to give its outlines. 
Suffice it to say, it capped the clinuKc of any thing I 
had ever heard ; and by this time I had become some- 
thing like the Indian's pine-tree, ^^so straight that 
I leaned a little the other way," and took hun to be 
almost superhuman. If ever St. Paul was called to the 
ministry, so was Stephen Olin : with this difference, that 
the former was inspired — ^the latter not. 

Not long after this camp-meeting. Brother Olin went 
to Augusta. A protracted meeting was going on there. 
He arrived in to¥na on Saturday evening, and put up at 
a tavern. On Sunday, at eleven o'clock, he went to 
church, and was recognised by some person who had 
seen him and heard him preach. They invited him to 
preach in the afternoon. He accordingly did so. A 

Scotchman, Colonel McC-^ , heard the sermon. After 

service, Brother Olin went back to the tavern, took his 
seat by the fire, and the Scotchman soon entered, but, 
not seeing Brother OUn, remarked, ^^ Gentlemen, and 
what do you think ? I went to the Mathodist Church thit 

afternoon, to hear Doctor C s, but they put up 9 

great, ugly, gawky-looking muny and he appeared half 
scared to c^A, and I was aloot picking up my hat and 
walking tUey but I thought that would not be good man* 
ners, so I kept my seat ; but after aboot fifteen minutes 
I found out my blunder, and befoieo he was done, he bat4 



180 AUTOBIOOBAPHY OT THB 

Doctor 9, or any other doctor I ever heard." At 

length a gentleman drew his attention to Mr. Olin : he 
tamed round and said, *^Dear Sir, and indeed I beg 
your pardon, not knowing that you were here." 

Take Doctor Olin all in all, I much doubt whether 
these United States have ever had his equal — ^if there be 
one, I have never seen him. As a gospel minister, in 
the pulpit and out of it — as an associate and companion 
—every way, he was a paragon. When shall our earth 
be visited with his equal ? 

For the benefit and comfort of my younger brethren 
in the ministry, who are often tempted to think that 
they are doing no good, I will record a circumstance in 
rdation to myself on this district. At a certain camp- 
meeting I preached on the Sabbath to a large congrega- 
tion with apparently little or no effect. Clouds and 
darkness appeared to envelop me around throughout thei 
greater part of my sermon. When I left the stand, it 
was with oppression and affliction of mind — ^viewing my 
effort as a perfect failure, and deeply lamenting that I 
had not put up some other preacher in my place. The 
next- year, at a quarterly meeting in that circuit, a smart 
and intelligent-looking young man was recommended for 
license to preach at the ensuing District Conference. At 
love-feast he arose, relating his experience, telling us 
that it was under that very sermon he was converted. 
He became a travelling preacher, and remains such to 
the present day, unblamable, useful, and faithful in the 
discharge of his duties. The next week, in a different 
circuit, a married man at the quarterly meeting was 
recommended for license to preach. At love-feast in the 



BIT. J08BPH TEAYISy A.M. Itt 

oioming, he stated that vnder that same sermon he re* 
oeived a wound that was only healed by the blood of 
the atonemetit; and then and there he got his eyes 
opened, and was bronght to the knowledge of the troth* 
I was then more than ever convinced that a preacher is 
not always the proper jndge of himself; and that if 
God has called a man to {Hreach, he never preaches a 
sermon in vain. 

Our Annnal Conference for 1823 met in Savannah. 
On my way thither, I fell in company with Bishop Ro- 
berts, also going on to Conference. I had been with him 
occasionally before this period, bat never spent so long 
a time in his ccnnpany, and hence had never before so 
highly appreciated his worth. Should any of the facts 
which I shall relate on his authority, be foond in the 
"Life of Bbhop Roberts,'' the reader must not charge 
me with plagiarism, as I have never seen that book. 
Before he was well known in the Southern States, he 
was travelling through a part of South Carolina, on his 
way to Augusta, Ga. Some time after dark, he came to 
Dr. Moon's, a local preacher, and asked for lodgings 
during the night, which was of course granted — the 
Doctor keeping a hotise of private entertainment. A 
young Methodist preacher was there, namely, H 

S . They had already supped and prayed in the 

family. The doctor, not having the most distant idea 
of the character of his guest, did not even ask him if 
he desired supper ; (expecting that if he did he would 
call for it ;) so, after he had warmed himself, and mak- 
ing no demands, the doctor remarked, " Brother S— — , 
you and this stranger will please occupy the same bed 
12 



ISI AU^OBIOGEAPHT-Orr TKj;. 

vp stairs/' Brother S aad the Btaranger f(ffthwitik 

retired. Brother S kneeled down by the bedside: 

so did the stranger. After they arose from prayer, 
Brother S-^ — says, " Sir, if you have no objection, I 
iriH take the front side of the bed." ^^None at all," 
replied the stranger. After they had gotten into bed, 
Brother S asked the stranger, " Sir, are you a pro- 

fessor of religion ?'* " I am.** " To what Church do 
you belong?*' "To the Methodist.** "Do you erer 
exercise in public?** "I try to do so occasionally." 
« Where are you going. Sir ?'* « To Augusta.** " To 
the Conference, Sir ?** " Ye*.** " What might be your 

name, Sir?*' "Roberts.** "Ah!*' says. Brother S y 

" we are looking for a bishop of that name to be at our 
Conference. Are you any relation of his ?" " My name 

is Robert R. Roberts." With that. Brother S gave 

a spring forward in the bed, and for some little time re* 
mained silent. He at length replied, " Why, bishop, did 
you serve us thus ? This house is the preacher's home, 
owned by one of our excellent local preachers. I must 
now get up and rouse the family, and let you have sup* 
per." "No, no," says the bishop, "by no means. I 
am not hungry." " Well, then, bishop, do take the fore* 
side of the bed!" "By no means: I am comfortably 
situated. Now, my dear brother, let us go to sleep.'* 
Next morning. Doctor Moore gave the bishop a pretty 
severe lecture for not letting himself be known, particu- 
larly at a Methodist preacher's house. I think myself 
the good bishop deserved a rebuke for his extreme 
modesty. 

On another occasion, in travelling in Alabama, be 



RKT. JO0XPH TftAYia, 4.M. 18S 

8t(^>p6d ftt « house of private entertaimaent in % village 
o&Iled Washington. Supper came on« The man of the 
house, who was a Methodist, asked a Messing at hia 
table, and one of hia boarders retomed thanks. After 
rising from the table, he said to the stranger, *^ Sir, that 
is your room," pointing to it : '^ yon wiQ please to excuse 
me, as we are going to meeting to-night." ^^What 
meeting f" says the stranger. ^^ It is what we Method- 
ists call a class-meeting." ^^ Well," says the stranger, 
^^if you have no objection, I will walk with you." 
''None at all," says his landlord, ''come along, and go 
vrith U&" They all went. A young man led the class ; 
aud after he had gotten through with the regular mem- 
1>ership, he stepped up to the stranger, and asked him 
if he had a . desire to serve God apd get to heaven. 
The reply was, "Yes." ."But do you, my strange 
friend, try to put these good desires into practice?" 
"I do," was the emphatic answer. "Do you think, my 
dear Sir, that you enjoy religion ?" "I do," was again 
the unhesitating reply. " How long. Sir, since you pro- 
fessed religion?" "Upwards of thirty years," waa the 
prompt answer. The young mask tiien quite energeti- 
cally and aflEectionately exhorted him to fidelity, watch- 
fulness, and perseverance. The meeting was dismissed. 
He and his landlord returned home. The family all 
present, the good brother says, " Sir, I perceive from 
your remarks in our class to-night that you are a pro- 
fessor of religion : will you join us in family-worship ?" 
to which he consentecl. The books are brought forward : 
he reads a chapter with his usual emphasis and cadence 
— ogives out and sings a hymn with his sweet and melo- 



186 AUVOBIOGBAPHT'or T^fB 

(fions Toice — ^kneels down and gives one of Ms eloqnenf 
and powerful prayers — rises from his knees, bids i^ 
good-night, and retires. The good brother and his wife 
sat in silent wonder for a few moments. At length says 
he, '' I mnst find out who that stranger is ;'' and forth- 
with enters his room, and without ceremony sajs, ^^ Sir, 
who are you?" He answers, "My name is Roberts." 
"Not our Bishop Roberts?*' says the man. The reply 
was, "I pass for him." . "Well, Sir," says the brother^ 
"you don't go to bed yet. Come out — come out of 
tins room F' He immediately sends for his class-leader, 
and introduces him to Bishop Roberts. The young man 
forthwith commences an apology for such plain tatt: as 
he gave him in class ; but the bishop interrupted him by 
saying ^^ that he had given him most excellent advice, 
and that he was determined to practice upon it." The 
brother made the bishop tarry two days with him, and 
preach in the village each day. And no doubt his visit 
among them was productive of much good— indeed, his 
preaching could not be otherwise than salutary in it» 
effect. 

Bishop Roberts appeared to be very reluctant to make 
himself known as a bishop, or ev^i as a minister. He 
was a modest man, and I think in some instances was 
modest to a fault. He gave me an example of the fact, 
wherein he was at a certain time truly mortified by 
keeping ineognito. It was at a tavern, where he neither 
aske^ a blessing at the table, nor proposed prayer in the 
family-*-next morning when he went to pay his bill, the 
tavern-keeper very mildly replied, "I never charge 
Methodist preachers." 



RBT. JOBBFH TAAYISi A.M. 1S7 

On^ ft certain oecaskm be had to call at a luid-office, 
to hand in some papers for a friend. The day was wet 
and cold ; and after he had distributed his papers, the 
derk, in his polite way, asked him, "if he would not 
take a dram" — ^it being snch a cold and disagreeable 
day. To which the bishop replied, " No, -Sir, not any." 
The clerk looked at him for a moment or so, and then 
remarked, " Sir, from your looks, I should judge that 
you was fond of the creature.** The cold winds had 
considerably reddened the bishop's nose, which no doubt 
led to the erroneous conclusion of tiie clerk. 

At another time, when on a steamboat, as he was 
walking on deck, a respectable young lawyer, judging 
from the cut of his coat that he was some old Methodist 
preacher, concluded to have some chat with hiiQ, be- 
gan a conversation with hifai, stating that he had heard 
Bishop Soule and Bishop Emory preach, and was truly 
delighted with both the gentlemen. But he understood 
that the Methodist Church had another bishop, by the 
name of Roberts — ^him he had neither seen nor heard. 
But he had understood that he was a man of only mode- 
rate talents, yet of undoubted goodness; and being 
friendly to the Methodists, he would nevertheless be 
much pleased to see and hear him. Bishop Roberts 
permits the young lawyer to go ahead in all his remarks 
concerning the bishops, Church, etc. The lawyer at 
length retires to the ladies' cabin, where his wife was, 
and remarks to her that he had just had a long conver- 
sation with an old Methodist on deck, and pointed him 
out to his wife ; whereupon she says, " My dear, that is 
Bishop Roberts ; eaxA he baptized me." " hush," says 
12* 



189 AUTOBIOGBAPHT Of THl . 

^kiry^/^Iam theBmnedl I must hiMSteB to apolo- 
gue to him." But as he comxne&ced bis ^>olog7, the 
bishop quickly calmed his feelings by his good sense 
and profound humility, causing the young msA not only 
to esteem, but literally to love him as a mwn of Qod, 
and tridy worthy of his high and holy calling as a Me^ 
thodist bishop. 

There was one trait in the character of Bishop Bo» 
berts, which I know not whether his biographer has in- 
troduced, that should not be overlooked — 1 mean his 
entire freedom from partiality in his Episcopal adminath 
tration. He yerily appeared ^^ to know no man after the 
flesh." His motto was justice and equity to alL Neither 
talent, influence, nor wealth, could warp his mind, or 
move him from his purpose of right. He was a good 
preacher, a good bishop, and a good man ; and is no 
doubt shouting in glory, whilst I am scribbling these 
remarks in relation to hinu May our Church never 
have a worse bishop than B. B. Boberts ! We would 
always be satisfied with his equal. This eminent man 
of God died at his post. He toiled and labored as much 
as in him lay to the very last. He literally ceased at 
once to ^^work and live." He has gone from affliction 
and sorrow upon earth, while his godly works follow him. 

We had some truly pious and zeabus local preachers 
within the bounds of this district — e. g.j James E. Glenn, 
L. Q. 0. De Tampert, John Porter, Jordati Bamey, and 
many others. Brothers Glenn, Porter, and Barney, 
have gone home. Brother De Yampert, if yet living,* I 
trust is ^till a faithful and zealous preacher. The devil 

♦ De Y. still lives — ^neftr Msrion, Ala. — (^Bi>itok. 



m«T. JOSSPH T&AVIg, A.M. 180 

Qfled to tempt him to quit preaohing, tellmg him that 
local preachers could do no good, etc But I hope he 
never permitted the enemy to gain the day with him. 
Brother John Porter was among the excellent of the 
eartL He was truly called the ^^ weeping prophet." 
Never did I hear him preach, but it was with tears* 
Blessed man ! thoa art now gone where tears are to be 
wiped from every eye, and where the wicked for ever 
oease to trouble. 

Brother James E. Crlenn was a man of no ordinary 
talents. His polemical gift was equalled by few. He 
vas a firm believer and a strong defender of the Method- 
ist doctrines and usages. His seal, united with pru- 
dence and knowledge, made him a very useful preacher ; 
and many, no doubt, have been converted to Gh>d through 
Im ministry* But I would not ignore the fact, that he 
had his peculiarities, and his own way of doing up 
thiogs. At a certain place he had a regular appoint- 
ment, but could get but few to hear him-<-the neighbor- 
hood consisting chiefly of what are now called Hard 
Shell Baptists— great advocates for water, but loving it 
still better when weU mixed with whisky. They were 
especially opposed to the Methodists ; and hence influ- 
enced all they could against Brother Glenn. The 
greater part of them were ignorant and superstitious, 
believing in witches, wizards, hobgoblins, bloody bones, 
etc* Brother Glenn availed himself of this superstitious 
maiiia prevailing in the neighborhood, and stuck up 
several written advertisements, that at such a place, day, 
and hour, he intended to kSl witchei. The news spread 
from Dan to Beersheba* The day came — the crowd 



140 AUTOBIOOKAPHT or TH9 

WB8 great. Brother Glenn sings and prays, and iSm 
giyes ont his text : ^^ Thou shalt not suffer a mtch 
live." Now, says he, I understand there are britches in 
this neighborhood ; yea, and I believe it. There are at 
least three : one is called Calvinism, the second XJniver* 
salism, and the third Infidelity. These three, by the 
grace of God, I intend butchering np to-day. And t 
understand that the best way to kill witches is, to draw 
their pictures, and then shoot at them. He proceeded 
to draw the picture of Geneva Calvinism. He descanted 
on the horrible decrees, etc., for some time. Now, says 
he, just look at her: what a haggard, frightful old wretch 
she is I They say we ought to shoot stiver balls at them; 
but I am going to shoot golden balls. You will find my 
first load in such a book, such a chapter, tind such a 
verse. Now, says he, make ready — ^take aim — ^fire : he 
would then roll out the text loudly and distinctly. And 
thus he kept firing for hours. After this, only let it be 
known that Glenn was to preach, and the house would 
be crowded. 

Such manoeuvring would have suited none but James 
E. Glenn. He had his weaknesses. He was not a 
^^fauUless monster.** But he also had his excellences 
and his moral worth, that eternity can alone unfold. 
He entered the itinerancy in the Virginia Conference-^ 
was transferred to the Bouth Carolina Conference — ^ 
travelled for several years, and located. I can only 
say, 1 that he had never located. He was unfortunate 
at times in his temporal affairs ; and, though he never 
was known to aberrate from the rule of right, his mind- 
was often depressed in his situation. He has lately 



RXY. J0BSPH TRAVIS, A.M 141 

g0&e to his reward, and to liis inheritance in the saints' 
everlasting rest. 

Our Annual Conference, 1824, met in Charleston*— 
Bishop Greorge presided. Our General Conference was 
to be held in Baltimore this year, May 1st. The dele- 
gates from this Conference, with myself, were : — ^Lewis 
Myers, Lovick Pierce, Samuel Dunwoody, James Nor* 
ton, William M. Kennedy, Nicholas Talley, Samuel K* 
Hodges, William Cilpers, James 0. Andrew, Henry 
BftUh-^-eleyen in alL At this General Conference there 
vere one hmoidred and twenty-six delegates assembled 
&om the several Annual Conferences. Bishops McKen* 
dree, George, and Roberts were present — ^Bishop Mc* 
Eendree in low health. 

Ever since Bishop Coke had ceased to visit us in 
1804, there had been no personal communication be- 
tween the European and American Methodists. Our 
aonrce of knowledge relative to each other was by epis- 
tolarj communication. It will be recollected that in 
1820, Dr. Emory was delegated by us to visit our British 
brethren in Conference assembled, in view of settling 
some difficulties concerning the Connection in Canada. 
Dr. Emory's visit was highly appreciated by the British 
Conference, and duly reciprocated in the visit of the 
Ser. Sichard Beece, accompanied by the Bev. John 
Hannah, to this General Conference. On the second 
day of the session, they were introduced by Bishop 
McKendree, when the Rev. Mr. Reece presented an 
aflectionate and very interesting address from the Wes- 
leyaa Methodist Conference to our General Conference, 
ifliieh.wfti read by th^ secretary, Dr. Emory. After 



142 AUTOfilOQUAPfiY O!^ Tltl 

iteding tlie address, Mr. Reeoe arose and addrsfltf* 
ed us as a brother beloved, describing in glowing 
terms the oneness of Methodism, as also its nnpiufal- 
leled success in both hemispheres, but especiidly nl 
North America. 

At this Conference many petitions were sent in by 
local preachers and private members, for a lay delega^ 
tion, which were answered by a eommittee in a mfl^ 
rational, and decisive manner. The missionary eaus^ 
as well as that of education, received special attentioiit 
There were also five new Conferences laid off, inakift|^ 
in all seventeen. The work being enlarged, with a pttHi^ 
pect of continued enlargement, two additional bishopil 
were elected and ordained, namely, Joshua Soole a&A 
Elijah Hedding. Bishop Hedding has gone to enjoy 
the smiles and approbation of the great Head of 1^6 
Church and Bishop of soids. He was truly an excellei^t 
man, and one whose death was much lamented by th^ 
whole family of Methodists, North and South. Bishc^ 
Soule is yet with us. that his stay may be protracted 
for years, that he may go in and out in our beloYe4 
Zion; and may he yet live to witness thousands and 
tens of thousands a(Med to our Church ! 

It was at this Conference that I first looked upon the 
extraordinary Sumiiierfield. To me he appeared sm 
one not belong&g to this world. His innocent and 
almost angelic appearance seemed to say that he WM 
not long to tabernacle below. I heard him preach, an4 
sat in the pulpit behind him. When he arose, every 
limb in him appeared to shake and tremble ; howevco^^ 
be ik>on reeorerei. his feelinf^^ t^nd ^\et xift ^tcKd^ isMt^ 



mSV; J08BFH VE ATM, A.M. 14S 

ertiBgy plttbif uid soblime diBcoiirae. l^e OoaftarMie 
^joumed May 89di, to meet in Pittstnoffgii, May Ist, 

1828. 

Dr. Loyick Pierce went intik me to the Cteneral Con- 
ference in the stage, and we now started for home in 
the same way. Brother Pierce is yet living, or I should 
love to dwell somewhat npon his character. Bat snffioe 
it for me to say, that I became acquainted with him in 
1808 — hare known him ever since — ^he has been my 
presiding elder, and I, in torn, have been his, and in all 
mj intercourse with him, I have never witnessed any 
iluiig in him contrary to the true gentleman, and holy, 
gBDome Christian. In due time we reached our homes, 
tod as soon as practkable watered again npon onr work — 
lie in Augusta and I on the district Camp-meeting time 
ir$B now hastening on, in which our Church in Georgia 
vas always much revived, and many were added to 
QXBt numbers. O that those halcyon days might again 
return throughout the length and breadth of our South* 
em Conferences. 

in this year, (1824,) by the advice of the Rev. Mr. 
Webster, pastor of a Presbyterian congregation in 
Washington, Wilkes county, where I resided, I per- 
mitted my name to be sent on at the commencement of 
the Georgia University for that year, to obtain the 
degree of Master of Arts, which was unanimously 
granted. 

I wound up my matters in the district, having agreed 
to take charge of the academy formerly taught by Dr. 
Qtin. Our Conference met in Wilmington, North Caro- 
lina — Bishop Roberts presiding. Our Discipline at that 



14* AUTOBIOOBAFHT OJT THS 

tiine was not a$ full and explicit as it now is in relatum 
to. appointing preaehers to seminaries, etc. However, 
Bishop Roberts told me that if I did not locate, he 
woald take the responsibility on himself, and appoint 
me to that institute, to which I consented ; but some of 
my brethren, I thought, were rather fastidious on th» 
subject of the salary promised me ; so, upon mature de- 
liberation, I thought best to locate. Bishop Roberts 
thought I took the matter to heart more seriously thac 
I really did. I could not blame my brethren for having 
a different opinion from mine ; and there certainly was m 
great disparity between my stipulated salary and th^ 
of an itinerant preacher. My good friend Lewis My 
begged me to have my case reconsidered ; but when 
fully explained the matter to him, he did not (as he i 
tended) move a reconsideration. I never did like t^ 
idea of location, unless when circumstances demand^ 
it. I may have been rather tQo^sensitive on the matter 
but so it was, I located* 



R«T. JrOSCrB TSAVXB, A.U 146 



CHAPTER IX. 

f ook cliarge of Moimt Ariel Academy, now called Cokesbmy— 
Preached regularly on Saturdays and Sundays — ^Abbeyflle Gourt- 
House— James Moore and iriie — ^Lewis H. Davis — ^Rerival in mj 
School at ICpunt Ariel — Seyen young moa from U enter the Itine- 
z;iuicy — ^Daughter maiiies — ^Myself and wife go on a risit to mj 
relatives in Virginia — Some interesting occurrences while there- 
Follow our daughter to Georgia — ^Become a Supernumerary — ^Next 
year effective, and stationed in Milledgeville, Ga. 

In ihe year 1825^ after retaming from Oonferenoe, I 
imiBfidiately proceeded to the scene of my future en- 
gagements. The trustees and neighbors around had 
determined on building up a village. Hence village lots 
were disposed of to several. Some from a distance 
made a purchase, and soon built and moved to the place. 
Its name was Mount Ariel — as I then thought, and still 
think, a quite appropriate name. A new building for 
the school had to be erected, as also a dwelling-house 
for myself, which circumstance delayed the opening of 
the school until March. But as soon as opened, we had 
a rush of students from various directions. Throughout 
the entire year it continued to increase — so much so, 
that the trustees hastened to put up a larger building. 

I kept in view my responsibility as a gospel miniitery 
13 



146 AUTOBIOtlBAPHT ar THlB 

and improYed every occasion of magnifying my office, 
so far as in me lay. Saturdays and Sabbaths were 
generally devoted to pulpit exercises. In many in- 
stances through the year, I had most satisfactory evi- 
dence that my labor was not in vain. Brother James 
E. Glenn, of whom I have already taken some notice, 
was generally with me at two days' meetings. We would 
frequently go twelve, fifteen, and twenty miles. 

In the year 1826 I was still at Mount Ariel — the 
school yet flourishing. A female was now employed to 
take charge of the yotmg ladies. Both schools were 
full to overflowing. During the year we had gracious 
revivals of religion : several yoang men and young 
ladies were happQy converted to God. I frequently 
visited Abbeville. We had no church in that place. I 
occupied the Court-house. But we had a couple of pre- 
cious souls in the village — namely, Jaines Moore, and 
Ann, his wife. Sister Moore had been brought up a 
Roman Catholic. But she got her eyes opened und^ 
the Methodist ministry, yet remained in doubt for" some 
time whether to join our Church or not. One day, after 
rising from h^r knees in secret prayer, she cast her eyes 
on some book near at hand, and opened upon these lines: 

*< I the chief of sinners am ; 
But Jesus died for me." 

"If that is Mr. Wesley's language," says she, "I shaB 
be a Methodist." She joined the Church forthwith, and 
made one of our most zealous members. She was b^it 
on having a Methodist Church in the village; and at 
o4ce proceeded to the arduous and almost desperate 



.RKT. J08SPH TRAVIS, A.H. 147 

efcnrt, not being discoiiraged at frequent repulses. She 
persevered, and finally obtained enough to build a re- 
spectable frame house. We then had regular preaching 
in it, and it was not long before the Lord began to work 
among the people. Sereral professed religion, and 
joined our Church. Among the number was our be- 
loved Inrother Lewis H. Davis, a blind youth of respect- 
able parentage living in the village : shortly afterwards 
his amiable and only sister, Jane. Both remain faithful 
to the present day. 

It was not long before Lewis H. commenced praying 
in public, then exhorting ; and it was soon ascertained 
that his talents would authoriase the Church in licensing 
him to preach. He was between fourteen and fifteen 
years of age, when he met with the accident that pro- 
daced his blindness : he had previously acquired a pretty 
good English education, and had also made considerable 
progress in Latin : hence his style was good, and lan- 
guage remarkably chaste for one of his age. He was 
frequently with me at my appointments ; and on no 
occasion was I ashamed to put him up to exhort or 
preach. His father. Doctor Davis, ultimately removed 
to the West. Lewis followed, and soon attracted large 
congregations in Western Tennessee and North Missis- 
sippi — thirteen or fomrteen years since, he joined the 
Memphis Conference^ and continues to the present day 
to fill important stations and circuits with acceptability 
and usefrdness. 

Sister Moore wrote me, not long since, that the Me- 
thodists are still thriving and enlarging their borders at 
AUbeville Court-Home. They have lately built a food 



148 AITTOBIOORAPHY OF THIS 

and commodious brick church, And are bidding fair to 
prosper and to do welL 

The good work continued at Mount Ariel; and, 
during my stay there, (namely, seven years,) aa many 
as seven young men from the seminary entered the itin.* 
erancy. Some have died— Hsiome located* At present 
only two are in the travelling connection ; but, thank 
Gh>d, not one ever backslid* 

My good wife was accustomed to tell mo that I ought 
not to have repented locating ; that she really thought 
I was doing more permanent good in my school than I 
did on a district. But still I loved the itinerancy, and 
longed to get back-^I love it still, but alas, as a Mephh 
boBheihy I must content myself ^' to eat at tilie king's 
table." And it is a delicious repast ! just as sweet 
and good now in 1855, as in 1803, wh^i I first tasted 
that the Lord is gracious. 

1827. My school still prospered. This was a memora- 
ble year on account of the uncommon warmth of. the 
winter. A great quantity of meat was entirely ruined. 
The old cotton stocks sprouted, and bid fSedr for a while 
to supersede the pitching of a new crop. 

My time, as usual, was completely taken up by my 
schools and pu^it. So also in 1828, 1829, and 1830. 
I attended quarterly and camp-meetings for miles round, 
as well as regulaar appointments at Motmt Ariel, (now 
called Gokesbury,) Abbeville, and Laurens Oourt-House. 
Li the latter part of 1830 our daughter, and only child, 
married, and removed to Georgia. 

Having taught one session of the year 1831, 1 re- 
qu0Bted and obtained leave oi «2b««nfij^ V^ ^^iias^ m^ 



BBT. JOBBPH TEAYI8. A.M. 149 



relatives, in Western Virginia. Accordingly Mrs. 
and I set out in private conveyance, as there were ne 
railroads in that country^ I had two sisters in Virginia ; 
namely, Elizabeth McGnyre, twenty years, and Deborah 
Bohr, six years, older than L On our return, we visited 
another sister; namely, Ghrace Cunningham, in North 
Carolina, ten years older than myself. We took our 
time, and traveDed slowly* I endeavored to preach on 
all suitable occasions. A two days' meeting had been 
given out for me in Hurrisonburg, Virginia. My ar- 
rival was soon known ; and I had large congregations 
— ^it being the town in which I was brought up, and 
where I joined the Ghurch^ I preached both days; 
I think that good was done. I remained in and 
abont Harrisonburg for two months, preaching in divers 
places. 

On my way to Virginia, I spent a Sabbath in Salis* 
bury. North Carolina. We had no church at that time 
in the village. At 11 o'clock I preached in the Court- 
house: a Lutheran clergyman present politely asked 
me to occupy his pulpit at 8 o'clock, which I did. A 
Presbyterian clergyman of the place requested me to 
preach in his chmrch on my return. I complied with 
his request. This was the time of the panic through 
North and South Carolina in relation to a servile insur<- 
rection-^— an attempt having already been made in South-* 
em Virginia. In the middle of my sermon, a pair of 
snuffers happened to fall, whereupon a general movement 
took place in the congregation, some rusinng for the 
doors, and others for the windows. I stopped. An 
elder aroBef and, with a loud voice, bid them not be 
IS* 



IM APTOBIOOBAPHT Of THS 

il&niied — ^it was only the snuffers that had fallen down ! 
When thej were composed, I finished my sermon. At 
both yisits I was freely and kindly entertained by a 
brother-in-law of the Rev. Valentine Gook. 

In Harrisonburg, I became acquainted with that 
worthy minister of Christ, Charles B. Tippett, of the 
Baltimore Conference. He was the presiding elder on 
the district embracing Harrisonburg. There haxl existed 
an unfortunate diflScul^ between two of our most in- 
fluential brethren in this place-^namely, Doctoir Peachy 
Harrison and Doctor Joseph Cravens, both class-leaders. 
The disunion at first originated from a disagreement in 
poEticSj they being antagonistic candidates. 

Brotiter Tippett informed me that every effort had 
failed in bringing about a reconciliation between them. 
He said they both thought much of me, having known 
me from my boyhood ; and he begged me to make the 
trial. After spending two or three days in talking 
affectionately to each one separately, I brought them to- 
gether at my brother-in-law's, in an upper chamber. I 
closed the door, and prayed. We arose from our knees 
with moistened eyes and yielding hearts. I then told 
them that it would be useless to go into a detail of dieii: 
contentions, which they knew had done much injury to 
the Church; and as I had reason to believe that they 
both loved Grod and his cause, I begged them to forget 
ike whole matter, and to live the rest of their days in 
love ; and that if they would thus do, now to arise, and 
take each other by the hand. They both simultaneously 
arose, and not only presented their hands to each other^ 
Ibat cordisUy and weepingty ga\e «QA\i ottioLOt «. hftojctij 



KKT. J08XPH TKAYISy A.X. 151 

lasg. I agMn proposed {nmyar, snd did my best to seal 
the covenant of peace upon our knees. 

That ni^it I preached in Harnsonbarg. Our house 
was well fiDed. Afbs* I had finished my sennon, I 
stated from the pulpit that the difficolties between 
Doctors Harrison and Cravens were amicably settled, 
and tiiat those brethren were now at peaoe with eaeh 
other. It ran like eleetricily throngh the congr^ation ; 
and the kmd shont of HaQelojah ! and Glory to God ! 
was- reiterated agam and again. It was a glorious 
night: my soul feels glad in Uie r^aembrance of it 
even now. 

After my return home, I received letters firom Brotho* 
Harrison and Brother Cravens, sincerely thanking me 
for having interposed between them, and thus brought 
about a happy reconciliation. They continued thus to 
live until death. They are both gone ; and are no doubt 
at this moment happy together in heaven. They were 
both considerably older than myself, and both belonged 
to the Church before I did. They were men ai educa- 
tion, talent, and high moral character. The Church in 
that place ha9 sustained a gteat loss, especially by the 
death of Doctor Peachy Harrison. Doctor Joseph 
Cravens had removed to Indiana a year or two previous 
to his death. 

We safely reached home in due time, and found all 
well. A camp -meeting was going on near my house; 
and to my great astonishment I found loaded rifles, shot- 
guns, and muskets stacked up in the tents conveniently 
fior battle. The panic of an insurrection had found its 
way,^us high up in South Carolina. 



IffiS AUTOBIOQBAPHT Off THX 

Our only oluld having married and removed to 
Georgia, we were desirous of being near to her. I 
Uierefore sent in my resignation as Principal of Mount 
AjAel Academy, intending to follow her. I left friends 
at Mount Ariel that I ever loved. James ShaekeUord 
(father-in-law of oar beloved and highly-esteemed Doctor 
Wightman) was a man that I sincerely loved^ and whose 
kindness I can never forget. There were also Doctor 
Francis Connor, Doctor Thomas Gottrell, and a Brother 
Marion, in whose society I always delighted^ They 
were pious and honorable men. 

In 1832 we removed to Mallorysville, Wilkes county, 
about five miles from our daughter. I took charge of 
the Mallorysville Academy that year, and had a good 
and profitable school. I preached regularly in the vil- 
lage once a week, and frequently at other places. 

In 1888 I still continued in charge of the same aca- 
demy; but this year reentered the Conference as a 
supernumerary, and as such was appointed on Lexington 
Circuit, embracing the village where I lived. I con- 
tinued my constant preaching, as opportunity offered. 

In 1884 I became efiective, and was stationed in Mil- 
ledgeville, seat of government for Georgia. This year 
we had some good meetings. I had not been long there 
before I volunteered my services to the convicts in the 
Penitentiary. A month or so after, the Rev.- Mr. 
Howard, a Presbyterian preacher, also volunteered his 
services. My preaching in the Penitentiary gave me 
four appointments for preaching on the Sabbath. I had 
not long preached to the convicts before evident signs 
of good were manifedt. In about t\iT^% mQ\i\»\A^t»s^«3nI 



B«T. J08SPH TBATISy A.M. 158 

had profesaed .oonYersi0&. Mr. Howard and myself ap* 
pointed a day to initiate them in our respective chorchea. 
He reeeiyed sixteen and I thirty -six. I labored with 
them all the year, and enjoyed myself much in preajh- 
ing and talking to them. There were two men from the 
State of New York, acquainted with each other before 
they were put in the Penitentiary. The time of con- 
finement for one of them had expired. He would in a 
few days start for home. The other had more than a 
year yet to stay. He was a smiurt man, and of good 
parentage. He had changed his name in the Peniten- 
tiary, that his parents might never learn his fate. He 
had professed conversion, and joined the Methodist 
Church. One day when I was in the Penitentiary, he 
watched an opportunity when no one was standing near 
me to come to me, and with tears he gave me a his- 
tory of himself, and begged me to interfere with the 
Qovemor for his release. I hesitated. He still begged 
yet harder, wishing to accompany his acquamtance back 
to New York. At length I bound him up most solemnly 
to secrecy, and promised that I would request the Go- 
vernor to let him out. I addressed a few lines to 
€k)vemor Lumpkin, with whom I was pretty well ac- 
quainted, at the same time enjoining secrecy upon him. 
The next day he told me smilingly, ^^ Your request shall 
be granted : the man shall be set at liberty." I thanked 
ium ; but still renewed my request of profoimd secrecy 
in the case. As soon as the poor fellow was released, 
he inquired where I lived. He found me. And if I ever 
witnessed profound gratitude from man to man, it was 
(A tfaiB occasion. It is not in words to paint it. But he 



154 AUTOBIOORAPHT Off TffS 

irM a gentleman bj education, and had all the high and 
honorable feelings of a irell-bred man. His crime, I 
think, was that of using a deadly ireapon upon one 
whpm he took to he his sworn ^tiemy ; yet he did not 
kill the man. I gave him a certificate of his member- 
ship, and he bade me an affectionate farewelk What 
has since become of him I know not. 

I must here mention a lamentable circumstance that 
took place in our town this year. On the fourth of 
July, Judge Lamar — ^whose amiable wife was a member 
of our Church, and he a regular attendant whenerer at 
home, seldom leaving the church with dry eyes — in a 
paroxysm of derangement, put an end to his existence. 
His case was a peculiar one. He had been for several 
months conscious of an occasional aberration of mind, 
but no one knew it besides except his wife and brothers. 
One of the latter frequently went with him from court 
to court, fearing that some catastrophe might befal him; 
In those fits of partial derangement, he was always 
tempted to make away with himself. I was at his house 
on the morning in which the fatal deed was e&cted. 
He appeared cheerful, and quite conversant — told me 
that he had just made the necessary arrangements for 
a trip to Tennessee, where he intended to spend the 
summer. There was a political meeting in Milledge- 
ville that day ; and although usually quite dispassionate, 
he became on that occasion somewhat excited, returned 
home in the afternoon, found no one in the house- 
wrote a note, and left it on the table, saying, "Farewell,' 
my dear wife and children : I am a deranged man." 
He then walked into the garden^ and with a loaded 



BSY. JOSEPH TBAYIB, A.M. 16a 

pistol blew out his brains. Nerer before did I witness 
such a consternation and general lamentation orer the 
death of any person. He was nniyersallj beloved : even 
Ids political opponents always treated him with respect. 
The time for my leaving Milledgeville drew near. I 
had determined on a transfer West, to be near my on]|r 
cliild, who, with her hnsband, had removed to Missis- 
sippi. On a visit to Angusta, a gentleman — ^not a pro- 
feasor of religion — ^meeting me on the street, said : ^^ Sir, 
yovL ought to have your head shaved and blistered, for 
leaving a country where you are well known, and your 
eliaracter duly appreciated, to mingle with a motley 
mixture of people, and there to form a character anew !'' 
He further added : '^ I also have a daughter, (an only 
child,) but if she sees fit to marry and move away from 
xne, she may go; but I assure you that I do not follow." 
I took a transfer to the Alabama Conference, and 
^as appointed to a little circuit, embracing three vil- 
lages — ^ten aj^ointments in all. As there was a man 
by the name of my son-in-law living near, the bishop 
thought it was he. We travelled in the stage: the 
roads were intolerably bad — weather part of the time 
extremely cold. During that memorable cold Saturday 
and Sunday in February, 1886, myself and wife were 
pent up in a most gloomy, cold cabin in the Creek, 
nation — ^the stage having to stop from Friday until thc; 
following Tuesday, when we had to take an open cart 
for Montgomery, Alabama. By the blessing of God,, 
however, I reached my field of labor ; but the nighest 
point to my daughter was one hundred and twenty 
miles! 



166 AUTOBIO0BAPHT OV THS 

In tills year, 1885, the Church was called to mcmrft 
the loss of that highly esteemed veteran of the crbss^ 
Bishop McEendree. He entered the trarelling con- 
uectbn in 178&->-was ordained bishop in 1808^ and died 
the 5th of March, 1835, in the seventy-eighth year of 
his age« I heard him preach when I was Imt a lad. 
His text I recollect to the present hoar, Isaiah Ixvi. S, 4. 
There is a pen now employed which will no doubt give 
an ample and a satisfactory history of this worthy ser- 
vant of God and the Church. I would make but a few 
passing remarks, which might not be introduced by his 
excellent biographer^ Bishop Paine. 

I well recollect one day when we were alone, he 
smilingly turned round to me and said: '^iSrother 
Travis, what shall we do with this part of Holy Scrip- 
ture ? 1 Timothy vi. 1-7 :* * Let as many servants as 
are under the yoke, account their own masters worthy 
of all honor, lest the name of God and his doctrine be 
blasphemed. And they that have believing masters, let 
them not despise themj because they are brethren ; but 
rather do them service, because they are faithful and 
beloved, partakers of the benefit. These things teaeh 
and eithort. If any teach otherwise, and consent not 
to sound Words, those of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to 
the doctrine which is after godliness, he is puffed t«p, 
knowing nothing, but being sick of questions, and strife 
of words, whereof cotoeth envy, contentions, evil Speak- 
ings, evil surinisingfi, perverse disputings of men of 
corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing 



* Mr. Weale^y'ft tr^n^Ucnu 



KSY. JOSEPH TBAYIBy A.M. 16T 

that gain is godlinesB : frtfm 9ueh mthdraw ikjfieff.* '* 
I perceived the desigD of the question, and plainly an* 
swered it : the good bishop did not demnr or oppose m j 
views of the text. I rerily beHere that ha^ Bishop 
McKendree been aliye at the division of our Church on 
that subject, he unhesitatingly ironld, with good Bidu^ 
Soule, have adhered to the Southern side. I was int^ 
mate with Bishop McKendree — ^knew his sentiments in 
Ml in relation to Church government, as also his fe^ 
ings for the Southern bnuQch of the Church ; and the 
public may rest satisfied Uiat he was no Abolitionist. 
He had too much good sense and heartfelt piety to be 
duped by such unscriptural jargon. 

MyBterioiis are the ways of DiTine Providence. In 
this same year, December 16, the ever-lamented Bishop 
Emory was taken from us. The sudden manner of his 
death was matter of much grief to my own soul. The 
devil tried hard to make me call in question the good- 
ness and wisdom of a superintending Providence. I 
had a severe struggle for two or three days, but finally 
gained the victory, and felt a resignation to the will 
of our heavenly Father, who doeth all things well. 

I became acquainted with this eminent minister at 
the General Conference of 1820. I then and there 
formed an exalted opinion of him — a continued and 
lengthened acquaintance only served to increase my 
feelings of afiection and high esteem. His life has been 
written by his gifted and amiable son; but this little 
volume may go where his biography may not have been 
Yead.. I will, therefore, merely state that he was bom 
in Maxyk^d, 1788— -educated for a lawyer, and reoeived 
14 



168 AUTOBIOGBAPHir Of TAX 

qtdte a liberal education, — ^bnt the great Head of the 
Church designed him for a more noble purpose. He 
embraced religion, and joined the Methodist Episcopal 
Church— rentered the Philadelphia Conferenee in 1810 — 
fiUed many important stations — was appointed book 
agent — sent on an embassy to the British Conference, 
and elected and ordained bishop in 1882^ 

I must again advert to my little circuit, by the name 
of Pickens. I filled my ten appointments regularly 
once a fortnight. I had some moments of distress and 
gloom, yet my imperfect labors were blest, and seyeral 
oonverted and added to the Church, some of whom were 
the most influential citizens of the county. The Hardr 
Shell Baptists had considerable foothold in these re- 
^ons ; and towards myself they had no superabundance 
of good feeling. I accidentally was thrown in company 
with one of their deacons at a house where several were 
present, but none professors of religion. The good 
deacon, soon after supper, began ridiculing missionary 
and temperance societies. I permitted him to go on for 
some length of time ; but finally took him up, and had 
little or no trouble in throwing him against the walls, 
insomuch that the company present broke out in a hearty 
fasugh at him. He became ^^ Vexation stung," and forth- 
with went and reported that I was an Abolitionist. I 
sent for him in the presence of the gentleman to whom 
he had made the assertion, and also in the presence of 
several others. It was difficult to get him, but he finally 
came and stepped up to shake hands with me, but I re- 
fused his hand, saying ^' that I could not take it until I 
bad MB explanation from faint ou «» o^ttaisi «Qi^<(^.^' 1 



EST. J08SPH TBAYISi A.M. ISO 

^led hiin, *^ Did you or did you not tell that gentleman 

^at jou tboaght I was an AbolitioniBt V '^ I only said 

^ that gentleman that, although Mr. T. was a smart 

'^^iD, I did not know but that he was an Abolitionist." 

I^ i;hen asked him what reason I had giren him to draw 

^^xch a conclusion in reference to me. ^^ 0," says he, 

;: 30» def»di.g «,.p«»ee »d mm«J, JL^ 

*ilie you did the other night at Mr. .'* I then 

^J^led him " if he did not believe that if said report was 

^^K^edited, it would subject me to a speedy death at this 

Oxmcture of Abolition excitement?" " 0, yes," was his 

^^^ply. I then rebuked him severely, and said, " My good 

^^Sr, you have to sign a libel, or I will take my course 

^^th you. Do just as you please." He signed the libeL 

was to preach that day : he begged me to say nothing 

out it in the pulpit. Of course I did not. . He went 

hear me preach, and that was the last of it. 

Our Cumberland Presbyterian brethren had a camp- 

^^^eeting, to which I. was politely and pressingly invited, 

^3^ also as many of my Church as could attend. There had 

V>een a horse-race appointed for the next week after the 

t^amp-meeting, in the neighborhood — ^four committee-men 

xvere to make all necessary arrangements — a man from 

Tennessee with his race -horses was in waiting for the 

a^ppointed day. On Thursday, at the camp -ground, I 

preached and called for mourners. One of the committee 

came forward, and was happily converted. They put 

me up again on Friday ; and at the call for mourners, a 

second committee-man presented himself, and obtained 

Uie pearl of great price. Saturday they called on me 

B^ain, and . after preaching, an invitation was again 



160 AUTO&IOGHAPHY O? XHS 

giyen Ibr penitents to c(»ne forward to the altar of 
prttyei : a third committee-man came, and was con^ 
terted. On Sabbath they again requested me to preach ; 
and after preaching, the usual invitation was extended 
to seekers of religion : the fourth G!bfmmittee*man, with 
his wife, arm in arm, in a flood of tears, walked into the 
altaTi Both were brought to Christ, and rose shouting 
and praising €bd. I knew the lady when a child in 
South Oarolina : she was of good parentage, and her 
husband appeared to be a gentleman, lacking but Ae 
one thing l;ieedful, which he then and there so happily 
obtained. On Sunday night, after attending to tibe 
sacrament, I retired to rest. I heard a pistol fire, which 
rather alarmed me. I sent to ascertain the cause. The 
man from Tennessee with his race -horses was raging 
through the encampment, inquiring for that Travis: 
that he wanted to give him, or any of his friends, the 
cowhide. A Brother T^ry stepped up, saying, " Sir, 
I am his friend : now, ta^ your best." Soon about a 
dozen gather^ around Brother Terry. The man took 
to his heels, fired a pistol, with the same effect of Priam's 
arrows, and left the encampment. The preachy in 
charge of the meeting procured a number of men to go 
with him next morning to Pickensville, where the man 
was, i&nd take ^^im on to Carrolton, where the County 
Court was in session. They had also determined to carry 
guns, and if he wotdd not submit, to take him by force. 
Next morning, when I heard of the intended attempt 
upon him, I used my best efibrts to get them to drop it, 
and let him go. I succeeded with only one man — a 
JRrotber Olass, a loCal preadier in ^ur Church* I ttiei 



BIT. J08XPH TBATISy A.M. 161 

hard to prevail on Brother Terrj not to go. He at last 
hurst into tears, saying, ^^ Brother Travis, a man that 
designed to cowhide yon shall not escape unpunished." 
He said he had engaged to go ; and go he must. They 
went: found the man armed, and about escaping on 
horseback. They demanded him to stop : he would not. 
They fired on him, and put thirteen buckshot in him — 
producing, however, only flesh-wounds : in about threo 
months he recovered. I was truly sorry for the circum- 
stance. It gave the adversary great advantage over us. 
Yet much good was done . at the meeting, and many 
souls, I hope, were converted. The horse-race also be- 
dune completely defonct — though in all my preaching 
I never spoke of it : it was the Lord's doing — except 
the shooting. 

The Cumberland brethren were truly friendly and 
kind to me at this circuit. At the above-mentioned 
camp -meeting, for four consecutive days, they would 
have me to preach at what is usuaUy called the popular 
hour^ — not that they needed men — but I presume out 
of respect to my gray hairs, they thus honored me. 
They were in general pious, zealous, and exemplary 
GhristianB. Many of them I hope to meet in heaven* 



14* 



182 AUTOBIOOBAPar 6* TKS 



CHAPTER X. 

TrtJu^erted to Sfississippi Conference, acnd stationed in New Orleans 
-^Tlekfilrarg — Holly Springs — Sommerrille, Memphis Confgre n ee 
Bishop Sonle— Judge £. MeGehee--John and Hugh MeCMbie^-* 
Jadge Iiane — ^Bishop Morris, Malcom MoPhexMn, and John M» 
Holland — ^Affliction in Sommerrille-— Superannuated — ^Death of mj 
irife — Second maniage— Death of my daughter — Visit to Yit- 
. ginia. 

The time for my departure from this circiiit was near 
at hand. I had to leave friends whom I dearly loved : 
Golonel James Terry and his^ brother, with their amiable 
wives ; Doctor William Owen and family, with whom we 
boarded ; Doctor King and wife, both of whom embraced 
religion that year; and many others. But I had to 
meet the Conference at Tuscaloosa. Mrs. T. and my- 
self went in the stage to this beautiful and interesting 
village. I was much pleased with the place and its 
hospitable inhabitants. 

At this Conference I met with Bishop Soule, whom I 
had not seen since 1824 at General Conference, when 
and where I gave him my suffrage for the episcopate — 
a vote that I never have repented. Bishop Soule en- 
tered the itinerancy in 1799 — has filled various circuits, 
stations, and districts — was book agent for several 
jrearfif. In 1824, he was eV^ct^d ^.xA QT^\Ti!^ \3S^<5i^* 



BIT. JOSEPH. TKAYIBy A.M. t8B 

Though bom and brought up ia the Norths where he 
lired and preached, yet discorering the justness ct the 
Southern cause, he unhesitatingly and conscientiously 
adhered to the M. E. Church, South, at the time of its 
organization. He is with us to the present time, (1855,) 
in the fifty-eizth year of his itinerancy, and over serenfy 
years of age : proving himself a pattern of mdustry, 
of good works, and of self-denial — having in his old 
and infirm age as often as twice visited the Pacific Gon- 
ference in two consecutive years. I add no more in 
reference to this faithful servant of Ood and the Churclu 
The able pen of Bishop Paine> I expect, will do justice 
to his unsullied character and useful life. 

At this Conference in Tuscaloosa, by the request of 
Bishop Soule, I was transferred to the Mississippi Con- 
ference, and stationed in New Orleans. Brother Sea- 
'bom B. Sawyer was appointed with me. 

We reached New Orleans 11th of January, 1836. I 
could find neither class-papers nor Church-book to direct 
or aid us in our proceedings. The few Methodists that 
were there were not as cordial in their feelings towards 
each other as they should have been. We, however, 
formed classes, and organized ^ small society of whites, 
with a goodly number of colored people. 

This was a year of considerable trial to me, calUng 
for much moral courage, and more than I really thought 
I possessed, until put to the test. The lamented Maffit, 
the year previous, had succeeded so far in the city as to 
secure the promise of a new church on Poydrass street. 
He laid the comer-stone — ^went ofi*; and there the mat- 
ter was likely to end. I wrote to that good man. Judge 



164 ^WOBIOQBAPHT Of THB 

S. MeOehee, to come down and see if there wu anypofr 
nble chance of reviving the ahnost forgotten new church. 
He came^ and with his weighty purse, and impressive 
talk^ set things going^-whilst I was husy in begging 
all ov^ the town. I always was a poor beggar: how^ 
ever, bj the end of the Conference year, the church was 
nearly completed. 

Judge McQehee is one of the excellent of our earth. 
The Lord has blessed him in his basket and store ; and 
as a Methodist, and a Christian, he delights to give, not 
only in aid of his own Churchy bnt of others. He has 
two brothers, John S. and Hngh McGrehee, of Panola 
county, Mississippi — ^both excellent men. 

Our colored society was truly as sheep withont a 
shepherd. The abolition fever had been raging high \ 
and great efforts and much caution by the citizens of 
the place were brought to bear on that subject. I was 
told that if I preached to the negroes, I would subject 
myself to imprisonment. But I continued to preach to 
tiiem. The Committee of Vigilance, so trailed, beard of - 
it, and appointed a sub -committee of five to go to hear 
me. On Sabbath, as I had just read out my text, I 
noticed five goodrlooking gentlemen step in, whom I had 
never seen at any church. I ktiew not who they were. 
They sat together, and were all attention. As I con- 
cluded my sermon, one of them, whom I afterwards 
ascertained was chairman of the Committee of Vigilance^ 
made me a polite bow. I also learned that they made 
a favorable rq)ort concerning me, believing there was no 
danger of my instigating the negroes to rebellion — so. 
tiiBt I went on nmnternKgftediij 1git^^<Jte^% V^ ^Sii^qbi 



BST. JOSEPH TBAVtS^ A.M. IdS 

ihroughout the year. Dr. Olapp gare me an inTitation 
to his pulpit, which accordingly I accepted ; but I went 
cmly once, though the Doctor asked me again and again. 
I had my reasons for Hot going. Dr. Parker, a Psnes* 
byteriMi dergyman, abo gave me an invitation to his 
pulpit, which I also accepted. He asked, I think, but 
once ; but I had enough to do at home. 

J found in Brother Sawyer every qualification that 
conld be desired to make him a pleasant co-w(»rker. Ho 
was a first-rate preacher, a sincere loyer of Methodist 
doctrines and usages — ^a truly pious and exemplary min- 
ister of the Gospel. I think ha had formerly been a 
Cumberland Presbyterian preacher. Too much could 
not well be said in praise of his amiable wife. But his 
health so far failed him, that in the month of July he 
had to leave me. In him I lost a friend, a brother be- 
loved, not only by myself, but by the Church at large, 
both white and eolored. Brother and Sister Sawyer 
have both long since gone home, where ^idemics and 
pestilence can never mar their repose. The Lord in 
msrcj preserved my own health. My dear wife had a 
severe attack of fever, at one time thought to be the 
yellow fever; but she was graciously restored; and 
we both escaped ^Hhe pestilence that walketh in dark- 
ness, and the destruction that wasteth at nocmday.'^ 

At the end of the year I felt both glad and sorry. 
tf y friends got up a large petition to Conference for my re- 
turn the next year. And to show their sincere regaard for 
me, the morning I was to leave, they came to my boarding- 
house, presented me with two hundred dollars, and ao- 
dMGjpaziiad me to the boat Can I ejisr forget such imi 



166 AUTOBIOGRAPHY OTf THB 

firieuds? I hope not. Some of them are no doubt in 
heaven ; and others, with myself, still striving to make the 
blessed shore. Brother Jos. C. Clarke and wife, Brother 
Armisted, Sister Canoe, and Mrs. Outlaw, with whoih 
we boarded, are still alive ; and, should they ever notice 
this little work, let them recollect that I have not for- 
gotten their kmdness. 

. Our Annual Conference for 1887 was at Vicfcsburg — 
Bishop Morris presided. When the appointments were 
read out, my name stood for Vicksburg. The bishop 
was good enough to give me his reasons for so doing — 
these I need not detail. 

Mrs. Travis and myself paid a visit to our dear 
daughter in Panola county. After staying a short time 
with her, I left her mother to remain- a month or two, 
and I hastened on to my charge, and I hope prayerfolly 
entered upon my pastoral labors. Judge Lane (the Bev. 
John Lane) received me into his house with all tiie 
affection and cordiality of a Methodist preacher. We 
boarded with him during the year. Never can I be un- 
mindful of him and his truly pious, affectionate, and 
worthy wife. Their attention to Mrs. Travis and my- 
self was every way calculated to render our home a 
little paradise on earth. The small-pox broke out in 
our city, and several were hurried from the stage of 
action by it. I was sent for to pray with a man dying 
imder its fatal power. I first consulted with my wife 
whether she would consent for me to go. She hesitate 
ingly gave her consent. I then considted Sister Lane, 
Brother Lane not being at home. She agreed to mn 
tiw riakf if I thought it my duty to \g;^. \ ^%s^ ^^»d 



RXY. J08BPH TRAVIS, A.M. 167 

nated in 1812; but as twenty-five years haA since 
elapsed, it was doubtfnl whether that would prove a 
preventiye. But I went, trusting myself in the hands 
of my heavenly Father. I found the poor creature fast 
verging to the grave : the eruption had become confln- 
ent^and he was literally a mass of corruption. I talked 
with him, and prayed with him, and for him : I hiq[>e 
not in vain, he being perfectly sane, and truly penitent. 
I retired to my room. The poor man died, and they 
sent for me next day to attend his funeral ; but as Lo* 
renzo Dow used to say, ''faith is no fool,'* well knowing 
that I then could do him no good,-^ I could not exercise 
"faith" in the protection of Providence— hence I did 
not go. 

We had a pleasant year. No great excitement was 
produced : we moved steadily along, with but few expul^ 
sions, and not many additions to the Church. Yicks- 
burg is a place I shall always love. The citizens were 
not only kind, but truly benevolent. I was at one time 
threatened with sickness. Two eminent physicians, 
neither of them a professor of religion, gave me their 
services without fee or reward. The kindness of 
Brother Roberts and wife, and of Wesley Tick, with 
Judge Taylor and wife, and Judge Bland and wife, and 
many, many others, I hope never to forget. 
^ Our next Annual Conference, for 1838, was at Nat- 
chez — Bishop Andrew presided. I now, for the first 
time in my life, requested a certain field of labor, to be 
' tiear our only child. My request was granted. I was 
' sent to Holly Springs, in North Mississippi. The place 
was as yet new, and but few Methodists of wealth in it. 



168 AVTOBIOG&APfiT OV Tttl . 

• 

I had hard work to obtam a boarding-house for mjnelt 
and wife. We at last succeeded in obtaining a rerj 
eomfortable home with Brother Wyatt Epps and wi&^ 
both of whom, with their dear children, have a large 
share of my affections. We had a considerable increase 
in our membership this year. At the eommencemeht 
the Campbellites were by far the most numerous sect. 
They strore hard to get me into a public debate with 
them : I concluded to pay no attention to their wishes, 
but proceeded in my usual manner of preaching Christ 
crucified. The result was, the increase of Methodism, 
and the decline of Oampbellism. 

I was as yet a stranger to the speculatiye mania per- 
vading great part of Mississippi ; and in this place 
superabundant — shirirpUuter bankSy at least (wo in our 
village, affording vast calculations upon very slender 
and uncertain data. But a large and commodious brick 
house was erected for a coUege : trustees were appointed, 
and the Legislature granted a charter for a universiti/^ 
I was prevailed on to permit my name to be presented 
to the board of trustees for the presidency of said uni- 
versity. I had no idea of being elected— •there being 
but one Methodist in the board, and a worthy Presby* 
terian clergyman, a member of the board, being a can- 
didate for the office. The proposed salary was two 
thousand dollars per annum. I did not even attend the 
election ; but to my astonishment I was elected. This 
took place just before the sitting of our Annual Confer- 
ence for 1889, in Grenada. Bishop Mc^rris presided, 
and by a vote of the Conference I was appointed presi- 
dent of said university. 



BSY. JOSEPH TRAVIS, A.M. 199 

Quickly after my return from Conference, I began to 
learn some tilings about the financial cbaracter of the 
university, as also the unpleasant feelings of some of 
my Presbyterian friends, in relation to my election; 
and although I had organized the school, and had a 
friendly and well-qualified faculty, with a goodly num- 
ber of students, I determined on resigning. Accord* 
ingly, at the first meeting of the Board, I tendered 
them my resignation, which was peremptorily refused. 
Hence I had to continue. But, alas ! the trustees were 
in debt for all ; and the very ground on which the build- 
ings were erected was claimed by another person. No- 
thing was paid — ^neither the bricklayer nor myself paid 
to the present day. The university went down, " un- 
honored and unwept." So much for wild calculations 
upon shin-plaster banks. I really felt sorry for the poor 
bricklayer, who told me some time after my giving up the 
pharge, that he bad not received a picayune for all his 
labor ; yet I am far from believing that there was any 
designed fraud upon myself or workmen by the board 
of trustees ; but at an unexpected hour, an awfal 
cracking, knacking and snapping took place with the 
banks throughout the State of Mississippi — not more 
than one or two were viewed solvent. 

Our Annual Conference for the year 1840 was held in 
Natchez. Bishop Andrew presided. I was again sta- 
tioned in Holly Springs, in charge of our Church. This 
year I had that good and useful man, Malcom McPher- 
8on, for my presiding elder. I knew him well in North 
and South Carolina: indeed, he claimed me as his 
qpiritual father. To God alone be the glory. I first 
15 



170 AXTTOBIOGEAPHY OF THE 

gave him license to preacli, and then carried a recom- 
mendation to the Conference for his admission on trial in 
the travelling connection. I would present no man as 
being absolntely perfect ; bat Malcom McPherson pro- 
fessed sanctification, and came as near a perfect Christ- 
ian and a perfect gospel minister, as I erer knew. He 
labored that year on the Holly Springs district, with 
great acceptability and success. The next year he was 
appointed to the same work. But before the year closed, 
his Master called for him, to receive his hire, and to 
occupy a more noble and cfxalted sphere of action than 
that of traversing the sandhills of North Mississippi. 

The same year. Brother John M. Hollatid, on the 
Memphis district, was called home. He was an experi- 
mental and practical preacher, excelled by few. He 
was unfortunate in his temporal affairs : the Mississippi 
epidemic (speculation) had well-nigh ruined him in some 
unguarded trades ; yet he maintained his piety and zeal 
to the last. His imtiring labors on his district no doubt 
hastened his dissolution. By some of the enemies of 
Christ he was persecuted and spoken evil of ; and I am 
sorry to add, that some members of our Church treated 
him unkindly. 

Our Annual Conference for 1841 met in Jackson, 
Tennessee. The Memphis Conference having been 
formed at the preceding General Conference, embracing 
the western part of Tennessee and the northern part of 
Mississippi, with a small portion of Kentucky, I fell 
within its bounds, and was by the presiding bishop 
(Andrew) stationed at Sommerville, Tennessee. In this 
little town I found some gt«wdo\s;a wyi^ — "X%«i^ ^a^A 



mVV. J08BFH TmAVIS, A.M. 171 



l>«iuel Webb, mad dieir smimMe wiTee — Brother JoBflB 
— 'Coloiiel Doi^tss — the two Brothers Diekenson, and 
wiyes — Brother Nelson and wife, with whom I could 
h«ve joyfiillj spent n^ days : as also Brother and Sister 
Scruggs, and Sister Boothe, with her amiable son, Doctor 
Boothe^ and her ezcdlent daughters — all members of 
our Ohwch, and loTers of primitive Methodism. If any 
of the abov^named friends be alive, and should see this 
sketdi, let them recollect, I yet love tiiem. 

This y eadr in Sommerville I was severely afllicted with 
riiefHjaatism-*-ins<HBnch, that my wife had to dress and 
undress me like a ch3d ; and for six weeks I was not 
aUe to enter my pulpit. Through the rest of the year, 
ny health was only moderate, with occasional symptoms 
of returning rheumatism. 

At our Annual Conference for 1842, held in Memphis, 
I gafve the brethren to understand my situation : though 
I did not tell them, yet I dreaded a. town station. I only 
remarked that it was in their power to do one of three 
things with me-— grant me a location, a siq[>ernumerary 
a|>pointment, or a superannuated relation; but that I 
should prefer the last, which was accordingly granted 
to me ; and which relation, through grace, I sustain to 
the present year, (1855 ;) but I do not as yet demand 
my disc^>Iinary allowance from the Conference, though 
I hflve never promised the Conference not to demand it. 
I it^er £d make a chAm on any Conference for de^ 
CciencieB in regard to my allowance — I was always de^ 
termined tiiat if I could not do much benefit to the 
Chhirdi, I would ^ddeavor to be as little expense to it 
«l -jpcMinMte. XlntB far I have gotten ialoa^ «nd have 



172 AUTOBIOOftAPHT OJf THS 

n«itfaer lacked food nor raiment/ houses, nor friends, nor 
a little pocket -mone J, as the circumstances might de- 
mand. And here permit me again to say, that ^^ good- 
ness and mercy have followed me all the days of my 
life." 

At this Conference I was requested to preach the 
funeral -sermon of Brothers McPherson and iSolland; 
hut Brother (now Doctor) John B. MoF^nrin. bein^ 
present, it was suggested to me that he should preach 
the funeral -sermon of Brother Holland, and I that of 
Brother McPherson, to which I most gladly acceded. 
I did not hear Doctor McFerrin myself, but reports 
spoke very favorably of his i^rtnon« I chose for my 
text, ^^ Well done, good and faithful servant." The 
Sabbath after the adjournment of Conference, I was 
called upon to preach the funeral-sermon of Sister Titus, 
of that place — long and favorably known as a pious, 
humble, and upright member of our Church. The house 
was densely crowded, and the corpse presents My text 
was, ^^I saw the dead, small and great, stand before 
God; and the books were opened," etc. I think that 
good was done. It was the last sermon I preached in 
Memphis. I always loved to preach to that people, and 
would rejoice once more yet to have the privilege of 
talking to them about Jesus and salvatioo^^ And who 
knows but that I may ! I cannot easily forget tiieir 
good -will towards me in sending me a petition, wh^a I 
was in Holly Springs, signed not only by the membners 
of our Church, but also some worthy gentlemen of the 
Presbyterian Church, etc., to constat to be stationed 
jmong them. ths^t I \i«dL gioii^ ^&Mit^/\sA\«^ ^^ ^ 



RIT. JOSJS^H TBATI8, A.M. 178 

Holly Springs would-be uniTersity ! In a few days 
Mrs. Travis and I took our leave of our good friends in 
Memphis, and proceeded in the stage to Holly Springs. 
On the evening of our arrival, the Rev. (now Dr.) 
Daniel Baker, pastor of the Presbyterian church in that 
place, called to see me, requesting me to take his place 
in his school and pulpit, and to make his house our home 
while he attended to some business for a few weeks. I 
accordingly did so. After the return of the Rev. Mr. 
Baker, Mrs. Travis and myself went to visit our daugh- 
ter. I finally opened a school in that neighborhood, 
and preached regularly twice every Sabbath in my 
academy— in the morning to the whites, and afternoon 
to the colored people. My labors with the poor blacks 
were especially blest. I formed a society of more than 
a hundred among them. My academy was at length 
taken into the circuit, and remains a preaching-place (I 
think) to the present day. This was in 1842. My 
school exceeded my most sanguine expectations. I went 
about occasionally, but seldom missed my appointment 
at home— except at quarterly meeting and camp-meeting 
engagements. My presiding elder was the well-known 
and much-beloved William McMahon. In his company 
I always felt at home ; and in his meetings he always 
treated ine with much more than merited respect. He 
is yet alive ; and I therefore forbear making remarks in 
relation to him, that I otherwise would make : suffice it 
to say, that his character is, probatum est, and fully 
evinces the Christian, and the faithful minister of the 
gospel. May the great Head of the Church yet pro- 
iroot bk stay on earth, and make him the instrument of 
15* 



174 AUTOBIOOEAPHT OJT TBX 

mudi good to souls yet imboni. Brother William Pear* 
son was on the circmt — ^a good man, deeply pioius aad 
an acceptable preacher : he died iu the work y and I am 
sorry to say that his memoirs never iqppeared in. onr 
printed Minutes. Blame lies somewhere* 

In 1843 I continued my academy and regular home 
preaching to white and black. But alas ! this was a 
year of severe trial to me. The 10th of June, at ni^t,^ 
can nev^ be erased from my recollection. She whom I 
loved beyond all human beings on earth was to be 
snatched away from me. For several days my dear 
wife had ^oyed more than usual health. On itus day^ 
10th of June, her nephew, Thomas GL Forster, of New 
Orleans, arrived on a visit to his aunt. After supper 
we sat up until 10 o'clock. We then had prayers, and 
retired ; but my dear Elizabeth had not been in bed ten 
minutes, before she was taken with a wheezing and 
most afflictive cough. I insisted on sending for a phy-t 
sician, about three miles off; but she utterly refused, 
saying, she would get over it in a few minutes. I re*, 
quested her to take some ^^ No. 6," to which she consented. 
She put the glass to her mouth, and said, ^^ I cannot 
swallow."' She was at this time sitting up in bed, but 
speedily and gently lay down, carefully putting her head 
beyond the pillow, and off from the bed-clothes ; and 
instantly the blood streamed out of her mouth in a cur- 
rent as large as my finger. I fell upon my knees at the 
bedside, but I could not pray, such was the agitation of 
my mmd. I arose, and felt her pulse, and found that 
she was fast fleeing away ; and in about five minutes the 
rit^l spark becaime extinct. But o\il tlk& ^»aali&^ iboi 



EXV. JOSEPH TBAYIS; A.M. 175 

heavenlj smile tkat rested on that death-stricken coun- 
tenance, always to me beautiful ; but now more abun« 
dantly so. The neighbors soon came in. But I was 
curiously affected: I could not weep: a kind of despe- 
rate derangement seized upon me. I retired to a 
window, and sat musing upon my fate, when all of a 
sudden it appeared as clear as daylight to me that I saw 
my beloved Elizabeth in heaven. I could then freely 
shed tears at my loss. My natural feelings returned to 
me ; and I could exclaim with a resigned heart, ^' The. 
Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away : blessed be. 
the name of the Lord !" I had not closed my eyes to 
sleep for nearly twenty-four hours. I at last fell into a 
doze. My dear wife appeared to me, accompanied by 
two other females, dressed in white, and all extremely 
happy. My beloved Elizabeth looked at me, smiled, 
and then disappeared with her companions. She was 
truly pious, a conscientious Bible reader, and a regular 
attendant to the closet for private devotion. She had 
professed sanctiiGication for more than twenty years. 
She had battled side by side with me for thirty-two 
years ; and, as a certain gentleman who knew her well 
expressed himself, '' She was a paragon of a woman.'' 
"^ It would have afforded me much consolation could she 
have been able to leave a verbal testimony of her future 
hopes ; but her unspotted and religious life, her heavenly 
looks after death, are sufficient evidence of her happy 
exit from this vale of tears to the paradise of Qoi. 
that I may be counted worthy to have a mansion with 
her in our heavenly Father's kingdom. Amen ! 

Our dear daughter was not at homo at this hour of 



^ 
■j 



176 AUTOBIOGRAPHY OV THE 

distress — she, with her husband, was on a visit to his 
father's. I immediately sent for her, and as soon as 
they could see to drive their carriage, they came. The 
shock nearly overcame her, as she was in feeble heailth, 
but after a few hours she revived. 

I have thus been particular in the nairation of circum- 
stances and facts in relation to my much-beloved wife, 
as this will be read by many of our relations. 

By the request of my employers, I again opened my 
school. My wife's nephew, T. G. Forster, remained 
with me for some time. Her niece and husband, Colonel 
EQnton, paid me a visit from New Orleans, and remained 
awhile with me. But, alas! I was desolate, notwith- 
standing the company I had, and the unremitting 
attention of my daughter and friendly neighbors, par- 
ticularly Hugh McGehee and family, Francis Oliver and 
wife, and Mrs. Bruckner, and others in the neighbor- 
hood. 

In 1844, 1 dismissed my school, and spent my time in 
travelling about, attending appointments of my own, 
as also quarterly and camp -meetings with Brother 
McMahon. I made my home at my daughter's ; but 
was frequently engaged abroad. In the latter part of 
this year our Annual Conference met in Sommerville — 
Bishop Janes presided. The General* Conference of 
this year having authorized a division of our Church on 
account of the slavery question, our Annual Conference 
resolved to send delegates to meet with those of other 
Southern Conferences, at Louisville, to take into consid- 
eration the expediency and propriety of forming an in» 
dependent Connection. 



r 

BSr. J08XPH TBiLVrBi'A.U. 177 

In 1845, the convention met at LonisTille, and I trust 
with much prajer and dispassionate investigation into 
the necessity of a division, resolved to organize a sepa- 
rate body, to be styled the "Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South." Their action met with the almost unanimous 
approval of the lay members, as well as the ministry, of 
our Church. 

I had now been nearly two years travelling about in 
my gloomy state of widowerhood, and thought best 
again to get me a wife. I was accordingly married on 
the 13th of May, 1846, to Miss Mary Smith Butler, of 
Giles county, Tennessee, of good parentage, and honor* 
able character, b^ing about forty-five years of age, and 
for thirty years a worthy member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Nearly ten years have elapsed since 
our marriage, during which time she has emphatically 
been my "guardian angel." 

Shortly after our marriage, we took a trip to Western 
Virginia, to see my relations. I had only two surviving 
sisters in Virginia, and one of them expected to die 
soon. We went by steamboat to Wheeling, thence by 
stage to Cumberland, and there took the railroad car to 
Baltimore. I must here notice that, notwithstanding 
ihe recent division of our Church, the Bev. Mr, Hamil- 
ton, in charge of the Baltimore City Station, as soon as 
he heard of my being in the city, (he having seen me at 
General Conference,) came to the hotel, and politely 
invited us to his house, to stay at least one week with 
him, and he would give us what is called Bishop As* 
bury V room, and I must fill his pulpit the next Sab- 
bath. I truly ifpreciated his kindness and brotherly 



178 AVxoMioQ^Avmr o« tmm 

regard; bat th« nfflictioii ef mj sirtar c^ed for mj 
ipeedj departure ; and aft^ taking a cursory finrvey d 
the city, we took the cars to Winchefiter, thence the 
stage to New Market, Woodstock, etc., on to Harrison- 
burg, 

I found my dear sister, Deborah fiohr, yet alive, but 
to all appearance quickly passing away. I could not be 
permitted to enter her room f<Hr some length of time, 
fearing that tlTe excitement produced by my appearance 
would be more than she would be able to bear. When 
I entered, however, my presence had quite the contrary 
effect : it excited her, but it was with shouts and thanks- 
giving to God, that we had met once more in the flesh. 
She soon became cheerful, and even strong, compared 
with what she had been. From that hour until our de* 
parture, which was nearly two months, she was able at 
times to leave her room, and on one occasion, got out to 
a camp-meeting, four miles distant. She however, 
shortly after our departure, took her8 to the kingdom 
of glory. She was a Methodist over forty years — zeal- 
ous, pious, and persevering to the end of life, and died 
exulting in the certain prospect of future happiness. 
Her most excellent husband, Jacob Bohr, is yet alive, 
an ornament to society, and a pattern of piety : a worthy 
citizen, an humble Christian, a class-leader for more 
than thirty years, a kind husband, an affectionate pa- 
rent ; yea, possessing every qualification that dignifies 
human nature. Their children were trained in the 
nurture and admonition of the Lord — ^thirteen in all — 
and all in the Church, either on eartib or in heaven, 
except two. Some are gone home tO'C^odi shouting ai;id 



HSy. JOSEPH TRAVIS^ A.M. 179 

tritunpluBg as they went. I am truly sorry that their 
oldest child, Joseph Travis Bohr, has never embraced 
religion, though undoubtedly moral and upright in all 
his acts and doings, and universally esteemed and be- 
loved by all who know him. We paid a visit to my 
aged sister, Elizabeth McGuyre, some ten or twelve 
miles distant, and found her cheerful and serene, bend- 
ing under the weight of more than fourscore years, with 
all the diseases consequent upon old age. She had been 
a consistent and worthy member of our Church for more 
than sixty years. 

For her accommodation I preached in her barn, the 
dwelUn^house not being large enough for the congrega- 
tion. It was the last sermon she ever heard. Not more 
than six months after, death kindly released her from 
the sufferings of life, while her blessed Saviour whom 
she had loved and served for so many years walked with 
her through the gloomy vale, aJOTording her a triumphant 
passage over the Jordan of death. 

We were invited to a protracted meeting at Bridge- 
water, a village twelve or fifteen miles distant from 
Harrisonburg. We went, and were kindly received at 
the house of old Sister Bice. After remaining at the 
place, and preaching for several days and nights, we 
returned to Brother Bohr*s. We had rested but one 
day, when a carriage was sent to take us back to Bridge- 
water. The meeting had been truly glorious. Many 
were happily converted, and the work was still pro- 
gressing. We accordingly went, and remained several 
days more. We then returned home ; but in a day or 
two accepted -a pressing invitation from the preacher 



180 AUTOBIOGRAPHY OV TfitX 

stationed in Woodstock to preacb there.' We stayed 
there five days, and I preached ten sennoils— I hope, 
not in vain. There appeared to he a desire on the part 
of the preacher, and memhership in general, to Join the 
Sonthem Church ; and I presume that, ere this time, 
they have thus done. 

After onr return from Woodstock, I was solicitls^ to 
visit another village, Port Repuhlic. We went ; and I 
>held a protracted meeting there mostly hy myself. We 
had a good time towards the close of the meeting. My 
nephew, the Rev. Wesley H. Rohr, a member of the 
Baltimore Conference, hearing of me, left his work for 
a season to pay me a visit, and found me at Port Re- 
public. He was a good man, and a good preacher. 
He seemed at first to he hurt at the proceedings of the 
South, in forming a separate body. He, however, had 
not been duly posted up in regard to the causes leading 
to the division. When he fally understood the case, he 
cordially gave in to the views of the South, and forth- 
with came over on our side, joined the Virginia Con- 
ference, and was appointed year after year to important 
stations withm its bounds. He at length fell a victim 
to consumption — died at his post in all the triumphs of 
faith. Yes, my dear Wesley, 

** Thou, in thy youthful prime, 
Hast leaped the bounds of time: . 

Suddenly from earth released, . 
Lo I we now rejoice for thee : 

Taken to an early rest. 
Caught into eternity.^ -, 

He was comparatively younf^ in the iiiifiJistc^ ; and in 



^Hr. JOSEPH TRAYIBy A.M. 181 

But his work was done. And, al 
' to us, his Master called him home, 

i * ited mother in glory. 

'S oted sister began to think hard of Iny frequent 

^ o ; so I left her no more, until my final departure. 

aG I attended a camp-meeiing, four miles distant, at 

which place Brother Rohr had a tent ; and, by assisting 

my dear sister in and out of the carriage, she was able 

to attend. 

The meeting commenced on Saturday. I had never 
seen the presiding elder. Brother N. J. B. Morgan ; but 
had been well acquainted with his father. Rev. Gerard 
Morgan, of the Baltimore Conference. On Saturday 
evening the presiding elder sought an introduction to 
me, requesting me to preach on the Sabbath at 11 
o'clock. I begged to be excused, as it was generally 
expected that the presiding elder would preach at that 
time. But he would take no denial. So I had to 
preach. The congregation was immense. I took for 
my text Rev. v., 6th and part of 6th verse. The 
good Lord aided me, and we had a gracious time. On 
Monday, at 11 o'clock, Brother Morgan preached ; and 
a most excellent sermon it was. He became very happy 
in preaching ; and, turning round from the book-board, 
in the midst of his discourse, he singled me out from 
the rest of the. preachers on the stand, came up to me, 
and gave me a most affectionate and brotherly hug^ and 
then turned round, and finished his sermon — ^the best I 
had heard for many a day. I see that he is stationed 
in Baltimore ti^ year. May he long live to bless the 
Church with |^,;talent8, zeal, and piety. This camp- 
le '^ "^ 



182 AUTOBiooaAPHT ov Tax 

meetijig went on, getting betteir, and still better, da,y 
after day, whilst I was treated as a brother beloved, and. 
more than duly honored. Many were happily converted, 
while old professors were mnch revived ; and many a 
poor sinner, leaving the encampment conscience-smitten, 
determined on leading a new life. On the last day of 
the meeting, I was called npon to deliver a val^ctory 
address, and to dismiss the congregation. I did so. 
But it was difficult to get them to leave the ground. 

My dear sister requested me to preach in their dwell- 
ing-house the night before I left them. I did so, taking 
for my text, " Though He slay me, yet will I trust in 
Him." Every room, the passage, and porch, were 
crowded, whilst many were standing in the street. It 
was the last sermon that my sister ever heard. 

On the morning I was to leave, many came to give 
me the parting shake of the hand. We again had pray- 
ers ; and in the midst of emotions and feelings not to be 
expressed by pen and ink, we hastened into the carriage, 
accompanied by my nephew, Joseph Travis Bohr. The 
first day we went to a village called If ewhope, where a 
niece of mine resided. I preached there at night. The 
next day we got to Grreenwood, another village where I 
had a nephew residing: at night I again preached. 
Whilst I was able to stand or sit, I viewed it to be my 
duty to preach as often as I could: And I do thank 
God that my poor labors have not been in vain. In 
1831, on a visit to Harrisonburg, a lady professed con- 
version under my ministry, joined our Church, and re- 
mained a faithful member until 1845. She then died in 
faith, and full assurance of heaven. I preached her 



Biy. JOSEPH TBAVI4, A.M. 18$ 

fonert^-fiermon to a crowded assembly, the corpse present 
in the chnrcli. To me it was a solemn occasion; yet 
consoling, that at that very moment I had a spiritual 
child in heaven singing the song of Moses and the 
Lamb. Glory be to God for unmerited grace, and free 
and full salvation ! 

' At Ghreenwood my nephew returned with the carriage, 
and Mrs. Travis and myself took the stage, through 
Staunton and Lexington, to the Natural Bridge, where, 
we rested a day, and took a survey of this great curi- 
osity, which, however, I had seen before. When we 
reached the neighborhood of Abingdon, we found that a 
camp -meeting was to take place the next week ; so we 
stopped at a Brother Piper's, whose amiable wife was the 
daughter of my friend Archibald Rutherford. We all 
attended the meeting. Brother Fleming was the pre- 
siding elder. Here I became acquainted with the Rev. 
(now Doctor) Collins, President of Emory and Henry 
College ; also Brother Wiley, then Professor, now Presi- 
dent of the same ooUege ; also with Brother Patton, 
now in heaven ; also with old Brother Wilkerson, " an 
Israelite indeed, in whom, was no guile," hypocrisy, or 
pride. I cannot forget the kindness of the Rev. Mr. 
Gibson (son-in-law of Brother Piper) both to myself and 
wife, during our stay among them. I preached five 
times on the encampment. We had a pleasant and good 
meeting — ^between thirty and forty converts. 

We spent a night with Brother Collins, and also part 
of a day in the college, viewing its different depart- 
ments, its extensive library, and its excellent chemical 
and philos(q)iyie ajj^aratus. All things indicated that 



184 AUTOBIOGRAPHY Of THS ^ 

Emorjr and Henry College was well managed, and the 
young men of the institute well governed. This, with 
the undoubted ability of the faculty, would have dis- 
posed me, if I had had sons for a college, to send them 
thither. 

We again took the stage for Knoxville, and thence to 
Nashyille, onward to Pulaski, Tenn., near which place 
resided my mother-in-law, Mrs. Butler. I had never 
before seen her, but found her affectionate and affable 
with her new son-in-law. The dear old lady, full of 
years, and, I trust, ripe for heaven, departed this life 
last October, in her eighty-fourth year. She had been a 
member of our Church for many years— beloved and 
highly esteemed by all her acquaintance. We tarried in 
this neighborhood for some weeks with Mrs. Butler and 
one of her sons-in-law, Ira E. Brown. Major Brown 
had also for years been an active class -leader in our 
Church — a most excellent man. 

I also here met with Dr. Gilbert Taylor. We were 
schoohnates in Virginia; indeed, I assisted him in 
learning his alphabet. I had not seen him since 1836 
and 1837 — in New Orleans and Vicksburg. He is a 
man that I sincerely love. I was delighted to hear him 
preach, whenever I could get him at it. 

We then made a visit to a sister of Mrs. Travis in 
Carroll county, Mississippi — Mrs. Sarah Graves. We 
remained there for some days. Brother Grandason A. 
Ghraves, her husband, then took us to Grenada to the 
Conference. 

Nothing of importance took place at the Conference^ 
except the election of delegates to ^ General Confer*' 



EEV/ JOSEPH TBAVI8, A.M. 185 

^nce to be held the first of May, 1846. After the ad- 
journment of Conference, myself and wife visited her 
brother, Dr. W. H. Butler, in Panola comity, Mississippi. 
There I had married my present wife, and in that neigh- 
borhood I had engaged to take charge of Danville Aca- 
demy. But a few days previous to the opening of my 
school, in getting upon my horse, my foot slipped, and 
I fell and tore the large tendon of my leg from the knee- 
pan, which disabled me from walking for eighteen 
months: indeed, it is not well at the present day. I 
had then to open a somewhat private school at Dr. But- 
ler's house, where we were boarding. This school I con- 
tinued for about nine months. 

In this year (1846) the first General Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, convened. It was 
held at Petersburg, Virginia. The Church has ever since 
been adding thousands to its membership, and increasing 
its preachers, both itinerant and local. We believe that, 
ander a pmdent and yme administration, she is yet des- 
tined not only to enlarge her borders, but to spread 
scriptural holiness from the Atlantic to the Pacifie 
Ocean. All that is wanting is persevering effort, ac- 
companied with manifest and undoubted holiness in om 
ministry. 

At first I much deplored a division of our Church ; 
but facts have convinced me that it was providentially 
designed by the great Head of the Church. The vexed 
question of slavery, causing so much vituperation and 
hard feeling among brethren at our General Conferences, 
is now at rest, at least in the South. Genuine Method- 
hm will remain M unit; and South and North, with all 
16* 



ISQ AUTOBIOG&APHY aV THX 

their holy members, will continue to love each other, 
and to rejoice in each other's prosperity. 

In ti\jd latter part of this year I was again made the 
subject of much affliction of mind. My cmly child was 
arrested by a disease, threatening a lingering and pain- 
ful, but certain death. I dismissed my school in Octo* 
ber, to be with her as much as possible ; but had to be 
carried Kke a chDd to and from tie carriage. In addi- 
tion to this, my dear wife had been afflicted aU the year, 
in her eyes, one of which seemed incurable by the best 
of physicians. It bid fair to go entirely out, and to the 
present day remains considerably affected and dull of 
vision. I had, moreover, regular attacks of ague and 
fever. 

My dear daughter was conscious that death was at 
hand. Her husband, however, was by no means Aow in 
procuring all possible medical aid. But the disease in- 
creased, and her lancinating pains became more and 
more terrific. And, oh ! the anguish of my own miiid, 
in witnessing such unparalleled sufferings. None but 
an affectionate parent can possibly conceive of my deep 
and agonizing grief. She lingered on, week after week, 
sinking lower and lower. One day, no one being in the 
room with us, she said, " Pa, I do not want you to pray 
fwr me to live : I know I must die. I am ready to go, 
and the sooner the better." A day or so before her 
death, seeing me weeping, she said, '^ Pa, I am aston- 
ished at you : you ought rather to rejoice that I am going 
home before you. It will not be long before we meet 
again, never, never to part.'*^ At length the trying hour 
arrived : I waa sitting at \iet \)Qda»\!i<e^ ^\k\k!b\ ^^Vl^xvl 



EXV» JOSI&PH TKAYIfii A.M. 187 

pulseless hand in Hiiite^ and she shouting ^^ Glorj, glory, 
glory to God," with her expiring breath. The last word 
she ever nttered on earth was the very first she spoke in 
the spirit-land — ^*Qlory to God!" She sweetly fell 
asleep in Jesus, January 25th, 1847, aged twenty-nine 
years and seven months. Notwithstanding her triumph- 
ant death, the scene was truly appalling to me. She 
was a lovely, loving, and affectionate child, and the only 
one; and as she never had any children, I was now 
truly left childless. 

At the age of about twelve she joined the Church, and 
in a year or so afterwards professed conversion. She* 
was truly pious,. attending regularly to private prayer 
twice a day. Let her have what company she might, 
when the hour for private devotion came, she would 
excuse herself for a little space of time. Her nightly 
practice was to read a chapter in the Holy Scriptures 
before she retired. In her excursions with her husband, 
M. H. McGkhee, to Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, 
aiid New Orleans, she never could be prevailed upon by 
d^ am to attend the theatres. She was a consistent 
Methodist, and an humble, self-denying Christian at all 
times and places." More than eight years have passed 
since she and her pious mother have been united in the 
kingdom of glory, and before eight years more, if I am 
but faithful, humble, and holy, I shall be joining with 
them tn the shouts of redeeming grace and all-atoning 
love. This sketch may be read by many of her cousins, 
and as they read, let them resolve to follow their cousin^ 
Mary Ann Eliza McGehee, as she followed Jesus. Yes, 



188 AUTOBIOOBAPHT OV TH< - 

"Jtetiw«ll,iii3r daiUng child, m md hnnnSLl 
Th<m art gone from earth, in heaTvoly ioiiiai'to dwell ; 
For eore^if eyer being formed firom doet 
Might hope for bliss, thine is that holy tnut. 
Spotless and pnre from God th j spirit came. 
Spotless it has retomed, a brighter flame. 
My child, my darling child, how oft with thee 
HaTC I pas8*d hours of blameless ecstasy I 
How oft hare wander'd, oft haye paused, to hear 
Thy playftd thought fall sweetly on my ear! 
How oft haTe caught a hint, beyond thy age. 
Fit to instruct the wise, or charm the sage f 

Mrs. Travis and myself spent the year 1847 chiefly in 
travelling about. In the month of May, I had gotten 
so much better that I conld hobble about a little. We 
started on a visit to her mother, brothers, and sisters, 
in Oiles county, Tennessee. A few miles beyond Holly 
Springs, one of my carriage horses, in going down hill, 
refused to hold back, and nearly upset the carriage in a 
deep gully. My dear wife leaped out of the carriage 
and seized one of the horses by the bridTe, thereby pre- 
venting him from pushing against the other on the brink 
of the gully. The driver hastened to unhitch them, 
whilst my wife hastened to the carriage door to assist 
me out, and when my foot touched the ground, she, 
weeping, returned thanks to God for my safe deliver- 
ance. 

We remained with our friends nearly two months, 
during which time I preached regularly every Sabbath, 
but had generally to sit during the service. On our way 
home, by solicitation, I attended a camp-meeting of our 
Cumberland brethren near Lawrenceburg. I was in- 
vited to preach once. Here I also met with Brother 



R<y. J08XPH TJKAYIB, A.M. 189 

William M. McFerrin, presiding elder on the Salem 
District, (Memphis Conference.) I attended one of his 
camp-meetings on my way home, and had a good meet- 
ing. Brother McF. is one of the excellent of the 
earth. 

We returned to Dr. W. H. Butler's, where we had 
made our home. His excellent wife can never be for- 
gotten by me. Her assiduous attention in my afiSic- 
tion, and manifest disposition to render me as happy as 
possible, demand a grateful remembra^e. 

I had purchased a plantation in the neighborhood, in 
Panola county. I was still crippled — ^we nevertheless 
removed to it early in January, 1848 ; and not being 
able to attend to out -door business, I taught a small 
school in my dwelling-house. But I determined to sell 
the plantation, as I owed some for it, and was disap^ 
pointed in certain money matters. The man to whom 
I owed it, indeed, said he was willing to wait with me ; 
yet, I never was, and I hope I never shall be, willing 
to remain in debt. I sold the plantation for a little 
more than I was to give for it, and my mind was again 
at rest. 

I cannot forget the kindness and attention of my 
friends in Panola county, e. g.j my brother-in-law, Dr. 
W. H. Butler and family, Mr. Stephen Hightower and 
family, Major B.'M. Farley and family. The worthy 
Major has since gone home. 

In 1849, we removed to Grenada, and I took charge 
of the male school in that place. In 1850, 1 continued 
my school, which was doing well. In 1851, I was still 
Wiolaiig in the same place. I very frequently preached 



190 ATTTOBrtyaftAiPHT d» tUb' 

in Qrenada. Hey provided me a high chair in the 
pnlpit, ^here I could sit and preach, the chair always 
remaining in the pnlpit for my convenience. I also fre- 
quently preached in the country, where, on a certam 
occasion, preaching to a large and attentive congrega- 
tion, I entirely forgot myself, and stood ahout two 
hours. When I attempted to sit down after my sermon, 
I found that I could not ) and one of the brethren had 
to help me down. From that time my ankle became 
affected with an ulcerous sore, which, to the present day, 
is not restored to soundness. I had then to preach 
sitting. 

In Qrenada I found many excellent persons — ^true 
lovers of Jesus and his people. Brother Edward P. 
Gibbs and his wife were the first I visited, having known 
his excellent father and mother for over forty years. 
They are both yet living at a short distance from 
Grenada. An absence of many yeare' intercourse has 
by no means lessened my love and esteem for Brother 
John Gibbs and his pious wife. I knew his father ih 
1807, on Brunswick Circuit, North Carolina — ^his house 
was my home, and I always felt at home in his house. 
Brother John P. Mitchell was also very attentive and 
good to me. Capt. Wiley Stephens and wife, with whom 
we boarded for some time, were two excellent people. 
I shall always love him ; but his dear wife has gone, 1 
trust, safe to glory. 

Doctor William M. Hankins, also, with whom we 
boarded, was truly a gentleman and a Christian, and 
his excellent wife could be excelled but by few. Col. 
M. K. Mister and wife — Col. A.S. Brown and 



RBV. X08SPH TRAVIS, A.M. 191 

-the Brotiiers Lakes, "WiIKain, Levin and George, with 
-their wives — ^Brother Wilkings and wife, were all kind 
and good to us. Doctor Gillespie prescribed repeatedly 
for my wife ; but would receive no reward for either medi- 
cme or attention. May God reward him in a better 
world ! 

Li 1852, I gave up my school, which all along had 
been fdH and profitable. I, however, unexpectedly took 
charge of a small school in the country, but joyfully 
gave it up after the first session. At the latter end of 
this year I purchased a plantation, containing 840 acres, 
180 acres under fence, cleared, and partly worn out. 
But I got it low — ^named it " China Grove." In Janu- 
ary, 1858, I removed to China Grove, my new place — 
made a pretty good crop, and taught school in one room 
of my dwelling-house. In 1854, I continued at the 
same place. This year my wife and myself were afflicted. 
She was taken with bilious fever, which, however, soon 
yielded to the force of suitable medicines. But before 
she recovered, I was taken with a severe fever. Day 
and night an unaccountable stupor and insensibility at- 
tended me. I could not even feel religion. I began to 
be alarmed. Brother M. J. Blapkwell, presiding elder 
on this district, heard of my sickness, and came to see 
me. He tarried all night. I related to him my want 
of feeling. He prayed with me night and morning; 
and, as he was departing, he prayed the third time. I 
then began to have some of my good old feelings again, 
and even felt disposed to shout, weak as I was. Brother 
Blackwell must excuse me for saying that forty-two 
years have passed since I first knew him ; and I have 



192 AUTOBIOGRAPHT OF TH£ 

jptever known, seen, or heard anj thing incompatible with 
the gentleman and the Christian in all his movements. 
May kind Heaven long protect and protract his earthly 
existence, to be a beacon and a waymark for the younger 
preachers, and for the Church of God at large. But to 
return to my own case. 

The congestion ultimately seized upon my brain; and 
I lay for seven or eight days perfectly unconscious of 
my existence. My physician, though of skill equal to 
any in this country, viewed my case hopeless. My dear 
J. „.ti.„«i ., S.k. .„,y'riror. .0 Ij 4= kL of 
death, and to bring me to my wonted mind and feelings. 
On the eighth day I recovered my consciousness. I felt 
calm and tranquil upon coming out of my coma. But 
it was nearly a week before I felt that my mind was 
properly balanced. I was fearful that. I had, forgotten 
much ; but, upon trial, found that my mind was unin- 
jured. I was as a being literally snatched from the 
grave, by the goodness of my heavenly Eather — that 
it may be to his glory and to my eternal good! 

Here I am at the present day — April 10, 1855— still 
a poor cripple — in one leg by rheumatism ; in the other 
by erysipelas. I have not walked a step for many, 
many months: In going from one room to another, I 
have to waddle along in a chair. But in all these trying 
afflictions, I endeavor to be perfectly resigned — well 
knowing that they might be much worse than they are. 
I do sincerely wish to suffer as well as to do the will of 
my heavenly Father, who cannot err in re3pect to my 
providential condition ;. while the daily language of my 
heart 18 : 



BIV. JOSBPfi TEA VIS, A.M. 19t 

** I wutt the witneBS, Lord, 

Thftt all I do is right ; 
According to thy will and word, 

Well pleasing in thy sight 
I ask no higher state : 

Indulge me but in this ; 
And, soon or later, then translate 

To my eternal bliss." 

I am now in my sixty-ninth year. Fifty-foi^ yean 
ago the first of this month, I joined the Methodist Epis* 
eopal Church — ^forty-nine years next December I entered 
the itinerancy. I have been a member of five different 
Annual Conferences — ^namely, South Carolina, Georgia, 
Alabama, Mississippi, and Memphis ; and I do not speak 
it boastingly, the archives of those Conferences cannot 
show any oharge or even complaint brought against me. 
The fifty-four years that I have been in the Church, I 
have never had a Church trial. But be it recollected, 
that 

'* No strength of my own, nor goodness I daim : 
My trust is all thrown on Jesus's name." 

I have now done with my poor self. The readar will 
reooUect that I apprised him of the fact, that ^^ good- 
ness and mercy had followed me all the days of my life." 
He has seen it verified. And as I cannot live much 
ImgeXf I want to speak out of the goodness of the Lord 
when my tongue is silent in the grave. I have lived to 
a good old age, and am now striving to live but one day 
art a time ; and still wish it to be my constant cry, 

** I ask not life ; but let me Ioyo, 
And let me die in pesM." Amen« 



17 



JM AnTOBxoamAPBT or tun 



CHAPTBB XI. 

StMfft MMnoirB oiP Local Preaohen : — Josiah Askew— Benjamin Blan- 
' iMh-initiam Gsssawa j^Valentine Cook— Ckdeman Ciriisle— Mark 
Moore — Geoige Gla?ke — John Biu^er— Heofy Ledbettei^-^Biimnrt 
Cowlea— Jonathan Jackson — James Donthei — ^H^npyer Ponim — 
James Crowder — James HOl—Ashlej Hewitt — Joseph Tarplej-^ 
HUHard Jndge. 

Ab I decdgxied a brief history of our Church in some 
oC the Southern States in this sketch of my own life, I 
cannot bring my imperfect work to a dose without 
bringing into yiew some of the excellent of our earth in 
the South, being local preachers T^hen they died, but of 
whom no public notice has ever appeared. I think that 
our Church is at fault in not having short memoirs of 
die lives and deaths of our local brethren appended to 
the annual Minutes of the Confmrences* True, it would- 
consideraldy increase the size and price of the Minutes, 
yet it wotild greatly enhance their value and premote^ 
their sale. ^ The relatives and neighbors of the deceased- 
woidd purchase the pamphlet which contained notices 
of them. 

I am aware that the General Conference alone can 
authorize such a change, I hope it will do so at its 
next session. Am many of our annual Conferences print 
their own Minutes, it would be no taransj^ession of any 



mXV. JOSEPH TEAVISy A.M. 19S 

law «f our Church for them to iiicorporate in thorn short 
memoirs of local preachers, and bj so doing perpetuatd 
the memory of m«iy pious and worthy minifltera of the 
gospeL 

I can nerer forget a remark of Bishop Asbory's in 
an annual Conference on a certain occasion : ^^ Brethren^ 
our local preachers ore the cream of our Church." If: 
they be, they ought not to be forgotten^ I will notice 
a few of those immortal worthies who were truly the 
pioneers and fathers of Southern Methodism. 

JosiAH AsKBW entered the itinerancy in 1788. Hii 
first circtdt was Halifax ; the next, Salisbury ; the nexty 
Santee ; the next, Bertie ; the next, Sussex ; the next, 
Richmond and Manchester ; the next, Brunswick. After 
this he. was presiding elder until he located, whi<^ was 
in &e year 1797, having travelled nine years. He no 
doubt located from absolute necessity, in order to pro-^ 
vide for his family ; well knowing that he that provides 
not for his own household, has denied the faith, and is worse 
than an infideL The allowance for travelling preacheni 
was put down too low at first — ^probably in Mr. Askew's 
day not more than sixty^bur dollars, or at the farthest 
not more than eighty dollars : the same^ for his wife, and 
a little pittance for each child until of such an age. 

I never saw Mr. Askew ; but I have seen those who 
knew him welL , His praise was in all the churches, 
where he was known, as a gifted preacher, a zealous^ 
humble, and holy Christian, doing much good wherever 
he l^ored^ He ought not to be forgotten by us. No 
ifivkt his ^^ record is on iiigh;" but we should like, tc 



196 AUTOBlOamA-^HT OJ 7HI 

have had a scrap of it on earth. AU we know about 
him iS) ^'And he died." 

Bbkjamik Blanton. If there has ever been any 
notice of this great and good man in anj of our periodi- 
cals, I know it not. He entered the itinerancy in 1790, 
and was appointed to* Botetourt Oircuit. la 1791, by 
mistake, (I presume,) his name does not i^pear in the 
Minutes. In 1792, he was at Portsmouth; 1793, at 
Camden ; 17d4, at Brunswick ; 1796, Greenville ; 1796^ 
Charleston ; 1797, Charleston and (Georgetown ; 1798, 
1799, presiding elder on Charleston District, which ex- 
tended from St. Mary's to Natchez, in Mississippi, and 
thence to Bladen and Wilmington, North Carolina — a 
territory now embracing four Annual Conferences. 
ye circuit-riders of the present day, of two weeks round, 
embracing five or six appointments, and ye presiding 
elders of three or four small counties, well may ye say, 
^^ that the lines have fallen to us in pleasant plq^ces." 
The days of Brother Blanton were days of Methodist 
itinerancy ^Hhat tried men's souls." At the ensuing 
Conference he honorably located. 

I was personally and intimately acquainted with the 
Bev. Mr. Blauton. He was a good preacher — ^his lan- 
guage in general chaste. He carefully avoided euphtt^ 
itm in the sacred desk. In him were sweetly blended 
the true gentleman and the humble Christian. He was 
cheerful, but never frothy; magnanimous, but not super- 
cilious; fixed, but not bigoted; positive, but not dog- 
matic; flexible, but not pusillanimous. Take him all 
in all, he was a useful minister, a steadfast Methodist^ a 



BEY. JOSEPH TEA:TIS| A.M. 197 

mfr&j eitixeii, a kind husband, an affectionate partti^ 
and a mercdfiil and equitable master. BUs house was 
the young itinerants' home, his library free of access,' 
and the long experience and good judgment of Mr* 
Blanton was to them an auxiliary of no small magni* 
tude. He lived to a good old age, beloved and respect- 
ed by saint and sinner, and especially by his neighbors 
and intimate acquaintances. ^^And he died" — ^with his 
^^ record on high;'' but, I am apprehensive, none on 
earth. In his death our Ohurch in Georgia sustained a 
great loss. And, as one of our Southern pioneers and 
fathers of Methodism, shall he ever be forgotten by us ? 
God forbid. 

William Gassawat was admitted on trial in the 
itinerancy in the year 1788, and appointed to Edisto 
Circuit. In 1789, to Bush River ; 1790, Little Pee Dee. 
He then located, from family necessities ; but, in the 
year 1801, reentered the itinerant ranks, and was ap- 
pointed to Santee Circuit ; 1802, Catawba ; 1803, San- 
tee, Wateree, and Catawba (a large circuit); 1804, 
Enoree and Saady River ; 1805, Union ; 1806, Lincoln 
and Catawba; 1807, Union; 1808, Santee; 1809, 
Enoree; 1810, Lincohi; 1811, Reedy River; 1812, 
Sandy River ; 1818, Wateree. At the expiration of 
this conference year, he located, having travelled seven- 
teen years, with a large family, and poor pay. But 
Mr. Gassaway loved the Lord, and he also loved Me- 
thodism, and earnestly felt for the salvation of poor 
sinners. He was himself once a great sinner, neither 
fearing God nor regarding man. After receiving a 
change of heart, his sympathies and better feelings led 
17* 



I8S AUTOBIOOKAr^HT OF THE 

bim to 866k mfter the wandttriiig sons of men with moiv 
seal, and greater ferrency of spirit^ than had he hiiosdf 
noYor known the depths of wretched depravity, and the 
dolorous condition of an outbreaking sinner. 

I was myself well acquainted widi Brother Gaseaway. 
When bnt a youth, I was accustomed to hear him preadi 
at my uncle'Sf in Chester District, South Oarolina ; and^ 
whenlentered the hmerancy, it was in the same Can. 
ference to which he belonged. He was a sound, ortho- 
dox preacher; and, on suitable occasions, argumenta* 
tire and polemical — a great lover and skilful defender 
of Methodist doctrines and usages. He was a pleasant 
and sociable companion — ^always cheerful. , I never saw 
him gloomy. In him was verified that memorable dis- 
tich oS Dr. Watts, 



^* Religion nerer was designed 
To make onr pleasures less. 



»> 



I fSrequently heard of him after his location — ^he was the 
same laborious, zealous, and holy minister of the gospel, 
striving to do all the good he could^ and as little harm 
lis possible. He lived to mature old age. ^^ And he 
died" — ^no doubt as he lived, " fidB of faith and the Holy 
Ghost." But where is the periocKcal^ or paper, religious 
or secular, that has recorded his exit ? " The. righteous 
should be in everlasting remembrance;" and William 
Gassaway ought to be numbered with the blessed company. 
Valentine Cook entered the itinerancy in the year 
1788, and located in 1800. As he was not properly a 
Southern preacher, I think it unnecessary to give the 
history of his itiiierant trav^. "Bxji \i«m^ ^ tDLMi of 



EST. J08SPH TBATISy A.X. 

blefided msaanonj, and of e iiga o rdi iuyry pielj and vaiftd- 
11608, as a Methodist preaclier ia different parts of Tiiw 
gmia, and, if I mistake not, in Kentoeky aho, and also 
as having a personal knowledge of him, I have thoQ|^ 
proper to make a few passing remarks in relation to 
him. 

The first time I ever saw him was in Harrisonburg, 
Virginia. A qnarterlj meeting was appointed in thai 
Tillage : Mr. Cook was expected. Saturday and Satur- 
day night passed by — no Brodier Code yet. The pec^le 
were sadly disappointed. On Sabbath morning, just as 
they were closing the doors for loye-feast, in stepped 
Mr. Cook. Yon could haye heard the loud whisper all 
throngh the honse, '^Brother Cook is come — is come:'* 
one or two actually shonted alond, ^ Glory to (jodT' 
His looks and appearance are Tirid to my mind, eyen to 
the present day. A tall, dafk-skinned man, with black 
hair and black eyes, wearing a sort of moming-gown of 
homeHeq[>nn — home-spnn pantaloons and vest, with no 
cravat or ribbon aronnd his neck — ^his hair rather di- 
shevelled — tiie entire man presented deadness to the 
world and all its gaady fashions. He preached at eleven 
o'clock, to a crowded house ; and truly the sermon was 
with power and in demonstration of the Spirit. A tawdry- 
dressed young lady sat in the front of the pulpit — 
the only female in the house with a feather in her 
bonnet — a style at that time just coming into vogue. 
Mr. Cook got to descanting on pride: "Now," says 
he, "there is no pride in that little feather'' — pointing 
with his finger at it — "the pride," says he, "lies hidden 
in the breast of the wearer." The young lady felt tho 



200 AUTOBIOORAPHT 01 THl 

troth of the rebuke, and I trust became convicted of her 
depraved nature. Mr. €ook was a man universal! j be- 
loved, His preaching talents were far above mediocrity, 
and his literary acquirements were respectable. 

I became acquainted, in Mississippi, with one of his 
sons, who, by the way, is a pious member of our Churchy 
and who gave me to understand that his sainted father 
departed this life in the most triumphant mann^. But 
where is the public paper that ever gave the world or 
the Church any account of the happy exit of this emi- 
nently pious and devoted man of God ? 

CoLBMAK Carlisle was admitted on trial in the tra- 
velling connection in the year 1792, and was appointed 
to Ifooad River Circuit; in 1793, to Tar Biver Circuit; 
^ 1794, Broad River Circuit. At the termination of this 
Gonft^ence year, he located ; but in 1801, he returned 
U> the Conference, and was appointed to Broad River 
Circuit ; 1802, Saluda Circuit ; 1803, Sandy River Cir- 
cuit. This year, from sheer necessity, he again located. 
But Mr. Carlisle loved the itinerancy, and whenever he 
could in good conscience leave a helpless family to cul- 
tivate the vineyard of his Lord and Master, he did so : 
hence, in 1819, he again entered the itinerancy, and 
was appointed to Bush River Circuit — ^in 1820, Newberry 
Circuit. I have not the regular printed Minutes of 
1821-22-23 at hand, therefore cannot point out the 
circuits he rode those three years. In the latter part 
of 1823, he finally located, not from choice, but from 
absolute necessity. 

My acquaintance with Mr. Carlisle took place when 
I was but a beardless youth. I boarded at his house 

t V r 



RIT. JOSEPH tnAYlBy A.M. 2§1 

irhen teaching a school in his neighborhood ; hence* I 
had an opportimitj of knowing him in all the relations 
of life, his public ministry, his private character in the 
family circle, and his standing as a citizen and a Chris- 
tian among his neighbors and the commnnity. He was 
a poor man, with a sickly, though truly good and excel- 
lent wife, and quite a number of little boys and girb. 
I have known him after returning home from preaching 
several miles distant, after supper, take the same horse 
(having but one) and plow with him by moonlight until 
nearly midnight, and then go off next morning to his 
appointments, etc. He neither owned nor hired ser- 
vants. tell me not of the hardships of our itinerant 
brethren in the present day! In Mr. Carlisle's time 
there was no promion made for "famUy expenses." 
Every married preacher had to buy his corn and meat 
out of the small pittance of his disciplinary allowance, 
which, small as it was, was very frequently not received. 
In such cases the poor itinerant had to raise his bread 
and meat, and make a little to school his children by 
hard and incessant blows, with anxious watching there- 
unto. "iSi. Carlisle was literally an industrious man. 

He was a very popular preacher, and when local, he 
would be sent for, far and near, to preach funeral ser- 
mons ; and what is strange, passing strange, if for his 
long rides and good sermons he ever received a present 
to the amount of a picayune, I know it not. 

He was a man of strong passions — ^by nature quite 
irritable — and his peculiar temperament was a matter of 
deep regret to him. Hence, he used to say to me that 
he^ believed aa QM9ie#^ of grace would go farthei? with 



0Q1 JLUTOBIOQBAPHT OV TBI . 

gome, than a pound would irith others. But he wtMi 
deeply pious — oonscientioim in his attrition, to oldsel 
and family worship; and b j graee was enabled to 
snbdne his natiural passions, and to keep them in prdper 
bonnds. I ner^ knew him thrown off lub hinges in the 
polpit but once* Whilst preaching, a woiman sat ri^t 
before him mih a diild wlueh k^ up a constant $quaU' 
inff: about midway his sermon, he said, ''Do, sister^ 
take that child out;" and down he sat, not rising again 
to finish his sermon. 

He was in general quite social and agreeable with all 
around him. He was in particular a great &yorite with 
the young. To myself he Iras a father, brother, «xd 
fioncere firiend. I hope never to forget him. 

Bh>ther Carlisle liyed to a good old age, ^^and he 
died" — when^ where^ or hoWy some of his children and 
near neighbors may know; but, alas! the Church at 
krge in South Carolina knows it not. 

He was among the pioneers of Southern Methodism. 
He endured hardshipEi^ as a good soldier of Christ, fie 
often hungered and thirsted. He labored, working witili 
his own hands: being reviled, he reviled not again; 
being persecuted, he suffered it ; being defamed, he en- 
treated. He endeavored, as far as in him lay, to preach 
Christ crucified, to rich and poor, to white and colored, 
to young and old. And his work of faith, patience of 
hope, and labor of love, were not in vain. The day of 
judgment will tell of many who were brought home to 
Gt)d and to glony through his instrumentality. Pelbee 
to his remains, wherever they may lie ! 

But before dkndn&sg t^T^Ttoxka iv^^ 



BXV. JOSEPH TBAT») A.M. 2^6 

man OarUsle, I mnat relate a thrilling oircumstanoe 
which he narrated to me in regai^ to his brother, Siinon 
Carlisle, who entered the itinerancy two years previous 
to himself. This brother, by reproving a certain son 
of Belial for misbehavior in divine worship, incurred the 
wrath of the wicked young man, who went to the house 
where Brother Simon Carlisle had gone after preaching, 
and availing himself of the sought-for opportunity, placed 
a pistol in his saddle-bags. Next day, the young man 
gets out a search-warrant for Mr. Carlisle, having made 
oaUi thikt ho believed Parson Carlisle had stolen his 
pistoL An c&cer was dispatched forthwith in pursuit 
of Mr. Carlisle. He overtook him, and made known 
his business with him. Mr. Carlisle readily consented 
to be searched, and being conscious of his innocence, 
was eager for the examination of his saddle-bags. But, 
alas ! out comes the pistol. Brother Carlisle, thunder- 
struck, knew not what to do ; but calmly gave himself 
up to the officer. He was found guilty of stealing the 
pistol, and he had no way to clear himself. Even the 
Cbulrdi expelled him. In this afflictive situation he re- 
mained for two long years; after which time, th^ 
wretched young man was cast on his death-bed. About 
an hour before he expired, he franticly cried out, ^' I 
cannot die, I cannot die until I reveal one thing ! Parson 
Carlisle never stole that pistol : I myself put it in his 
saddle-bags.'' He then became calm, and so passed 
into eternity. Brother Carlisle was restored to the 
Church and to the ministry. He belonged to the Ten- 
nessee Conference, and died in peace in 1888. 
Ham Moohh entered the travelling conui^^tioa in the 



204 AUTOBIOaBAPXT OT THE 

year 1786, and was appomted to Holston Oircnit; 1787, 
Salisbury Circuit ; 1788, Pee Dee Circuit ; 1789, San- 
tee Circuit. In 1790, his name is not found in the 
Minutes; but in 1798, he is placed on Broad Blver 
Circuit. In 1799, he locates; and in 1819, he is 
stationed in New Orleans. This is the last record of 
his iiame in the printed Minutes. Mr. Moore was not 
a regular itinerant preacher. that he had been! 
^^ The best of men are but men at best." He was always 
too unsettled in his movements, except in regard to piety 
and devotion. I dare not charge him with being deficient 
in this respect, or of ever wilfully aberrating from the 
rule of right. He was a good scholar, and as a preacher 
no man in the South stood higher than he. He was un- 
fortunate in his temporal affairs. He ought never to 
have turned his attention to any thing but thedogy. 
He appeared to have been cut out for the pulpit, and 
admirably adapted to the ministry. His solemn look, 
Us impressive gestures, his sublime, yet plain and chaste 
language, with the intonations of his voice, were all cal- 
culated to render him an eloquent and effective preacher. 
And had he devoted his time and talents alone to that 
calling, he would truly have been '^ a polished shaft in 
Jehovah's quiver.*' But as he was, few equalled him, 
and still fewer excelled him. South or North. He lived 
to be quite aged, and still a faithful and holy minister. 
But all we know of his last moments are, '^And he 
died." Does any tombstone point out the remains of 
this man of Gk)d, this pioneer of Southern Methodism ! 
I fear not. 
OsoRQE Olaeke entered t\ie V&tsi.eTVGLQr} vclVI^Si^ «&& 



BIT. J08XPK TKAYIS, A.U. 205 

I 

was appointed to Btirke Circqit ; 1793^ Saluda Circidt ; 
1794, Bichmond Circuit ; 1795, Little Pee Dee Circuit ; 
1796, Santee and Catawba; 1797, Saluda Circuit; 1798, 
Edisto ; 1799, St. Mary's. In 1801 he located. 

Mr. Clarke had quite respectable preaching talents, 
and was esteemed b j his neighbors and the public gene- 
rally. He was sociable and pleasant in lus manners, 
thereby at all times rendering his company delightsome. 
He took special pains to impart ease and comfort to his 
visitors. He was plain in his dress, though a man of 
considerable wealth. His exemplary, pious, and excel- 
lent wife also adiMned herself as a woman professing 
godliness. He brought up quite a large family, and, as 
far as I can learn, they have all done and are doing 
well. He resided on Enoree River, Union District, South 
Carolina, when I last knew him. The cause of Method* 
ism in that section of country was much aided by the 
influence and talents of Mr. Clarke. The wicked them- 
selves had to acknowledge his goodness, and to respect 
his upright walk ; so that out of the pulpit, as well as in 
it, he had his weight of influence in the community. 
He Ured to an advanced age. ^'And he died." That 
is all the Church in general knows. 

John Habpsb was stationed in 1795 in Boston; 
1796, Northampton; 1797, 1798, Baltimore; 1799, 
1800, 1801, Charleston, South Carolina. In 1802, his 
name, by mistake, (I presume,) does not appear on the 
Minutes. In 1803 he located. 

I think Mr. Harper came from England a Methodist 
preacher to this country ; but of this I am not certain. I 
am only sorry that further materials are not afforded for a 
18 



a08 AUTaBIOGBAPHT >or TUl-' 

ak^tch; of the laravels and labors of tibis eminent servsnf 
of God and of the Churoh. He was in Us day well 
known, and his talents as a minister dulj appreciated. 

My own acquaintance with the Bey* Mr. Harper was 
but limited; yet I saw enough to satisfy my mind that 
he had a superior intellect. I was at that time jnst com- 
mencing to try to preach) (my name not yet being sent 
on to Conference.) I had to preach before him ; and 
the cross was almost insupportable. I had already heard 
rf ih. ^^ K^^of M,. H^r, J, b^g 
conscious of my own inability every way as a preacher, 
I made quite likely a much worse efibrt than had he not 
been present. But, after I had finished my sermon, 
instead of upbraiding me for my multifarious errors, he 
encouraged me to go on — ^meanwhile in an affectionate 
and fatherly manner pointed out to me some of my most 
glaring faults. I can never forget his looks, his man- 
ners, his senility ; yet, with the weakness of age, he had 
a lucid and well-balanced mind. 

He was the first Methodist preacher that ever got 
any foothold in Columbia, South Carolina. And oh ! 
if there really be any communication between saints oh 
earth and glorified spirits in paradise, how must he be 
delighted in beholding the himdreds converted to God 
through the instrumentality of the Methodist preachers, 
where he had toiled and labored with apparently little 
success ! The good seed sown by him sprung up, and 
brought forth even a hundred -fold ; and the field is 
at present white for a still more abundant harvest. 

Mr. Harper was in very deed one of the fathers of 
Southern Methodism. When, and where, and how ha 



died, I know not. I hope he is monomeiitelly reoo^* 
nixed aomeifbsx^ in the South. 

Heat Lbdjubiier ought not to be forgotten by us* 
He may be ranked among the pioneers and Others of 
Soudieni Methodism. I neyer saw him ; but those who 
knew him pronounced him a good man, and a lealous, 
exeeDeoit preacher. He entered the itinerancy in 1787 
— trsfelled Oaswell, Pamlico, Pee Dee, Bichmond, Little 
Pee Dee, Anson, and Santee Oircuits. Owing, no doubt, 
to family concerns, or want of health, or want of sup- 
port, he located. 

Mr. Ledbetter may not have been ranked among what 
are called the great preadiers ; yet he was a useful and 
holy man of God. 

Good Ber. William Dyer, a little before his departure 
from earth, called his sons and daughters to his bedside, 
saying, ^^ Now, my children, I haye three pieces of ad- 
vice to give you : First, read the best books : secondly, 
keep the best company : thirdly, hear the best preachers. 
But you may be ready to ask me who are the best 
{M^eachers ? I answer, those preachers that do the most 
goodw'' He was right. It is by no means the most 
learned and eloquent preachers that are the most suc- 
cessful in winning souls to Christ. '* By their fruits ye 
shall know them." 

The Bey. Mr. Ledbetter liyed to be aged, and no 
doubt continued to bear much good fruit in his old age ; 
and, being ripe for a better world, his Master called 
hbA home. ' ^^And he died.'* What a blessing that, with 
the gDod old patriarchs, our ^^ record is on ^gh !" 

Samubl Oowles entered the travelling connectioii 



208 itU70BI0ORAPHT 01» THl 

in 1790, (by mistake of the printer, he has no ajqxunt* 
ment.) In 1791, he was appointed to Roanoke ; 179^^ 
Trent ; 1798, Surry ; 1794, Amelia ; 1796, Broad River ; 

1796, Richmond. At the expiration of this oonferenoe 
year he located ; but, in 1798, reentered the itinerancy, 
and was appointed to Washington Circuit ; 1799, Rich* 
mond ; 1800, Washington ; 1801, Oconee^ 1802, Oconee ; 
1808, Appalachee ; 1804, presic^ng elder on the Georgia 
District; 1805, 1806, presiding elder on the Ooonee 
District ; but at the termination of 1806 he located* 

I have seen Mr. Cowles, but never heard him preaeL 
From the important appointments that he filled, he must 
have possessed some talent, and weight of character. 
He was a good man, and a lover of our doctrines and 
discipline. To him the Southern Ghur.ch is much in- 
debted for his indefatigable labors, his exemplary life, 
and for his valuable efforts in the pulpit, thereby bring- 
ing many persons into her fold. In his local sphere, aa 
far as he could, he continued to aid the cause of our 
Zion. 

Jonathan Jackson has already been introduced in 
my Autobiography ; but not in that full and satisfactory 
manner that his character demands. He was one of the 
fathers of our Southern Church, being admitted on trial 
in the travelling connection in 1789, and appointed to 
Anson Circuit; in 1790, Catawba; 1791, Little Pee 
Dee ; 1792, Newhope ; 1793, Charleston, South Caro- 
lina ; 1794, Black Swamp ; 1795, Bush River ; 1796, 

1797, 1798, 1799, 1800, presiding elder (district not 
named); 1801, 1802, 1803, presiding elder on New- 
bem District; 1804, presiding elder on Swanino Dit- 



ftXT. JOSEPH TBATIS, A.M. 

triot ; 1805, prwdmg dder im Hobm District; 180(3« 
sopernumarary ; 1807, CksriestoJi; 1808, Sutee Cir- 
cuit ; 1800, presidiiig ddcr qol Csmdcn District ; 1810, 
1811, 1812, 1813, praidiiig elder im Cmavba District : 
1814, supemumeraij, and in 1815 he finallj kcmted. 
He ought to haTO been snperanniiated. He had been 
in the. itinerancy fiir twentr-aix jean; and from the 
variona important appointments that he fifled, we might 
form a pretty correct <q>inion of the talents and charac- 
ter of Brother Jackscm, had we never seen him. Bnt I 
was blest with his acquaintance — he having been mr pre- 
giding elder more than once. He was one that conld 
bear acquaintance. The more too were with him, the 
more yon were brought to admire and to lore him. He 
was emphatically ^'a man ot God." His piety was 
deep) his ferrent zeal was goTemed by knowledge, and 
hu walk was in accordance with the Holy Bible. 

His preading talents were not the most brilliant; 
but bis sermons were always calculated to do good — 
orthodox and scriptural, practical and experimental, and 
on the prophecies, especially of Daniel, he was pro- 
found ; and, to the attentive hearer, very interesting. I 
loved the man on account of his good, hard sense, his 
undoubted holiness, and his mild yet decisive govern- 
ment in the Church, and with what I called his very 
iiaefdl talent in the pulpit. 

In his local sphere of action, he was still the same 
Untiring and persevering servant of the most high God. 
The time of his departure at length arrived. His lamp 
iras trimmed and brightly burning. An hour or so 
before his death, a preacher present perceived that his 
18* 



210 AUTOBIOOBAPHY OF THB 



• 



recollection was fast givmg way. He adcedBrotber Jack- 
son if he knew him. The reply was, no. Sitter Jackson 
also being present, the brother asked him if he knew hit 
wife. The reply was, no. The preacher ihto asked 
him if he knew Jesus. ^' Jesus," says he^ ^^ yes : I haie 
known my Jesus for better than forty years." This 
was about the last thing he said. 

Such a man as the Bev. Mr« Jackson ought to be re- 
collected by all the children and grand-children cf 
Southern Methodists, down to the fortieth generaticm. 
K a General Andrew Jackson is worthy of rememlwanoei 
a Bev. Jonathan Jackson is more abundantly so. 

Jambs Douthet is another of those Heaven-honored 
w(»rthies that I cannot pass by unnoticed. He was ad- 
mitted on trial in the travelling connection in 1798, aand 
appointed to Saluda Circuit ; in 1794, Burke ; 1795,8a-. 
luda; 1796, Broad Biver; 1797, Great Pee Dee; 1798,- 
Santee and Catawba; 1799, Salisbury; 1800, Green- 
ville ; 1801 and 1802, presiding elder on Salisbury Dis^ 
trict. At the expiration of 1802, he located; but in 
1805, returned to the itinerant work, and was appointed. 
to Saluda Circuit. Owing either to family concerns, or 
want of health, or want of support, he at the next Con- 
ference finally located. 

The name of James Douthet is venerated by hundreds 
in South Carolina. I never had the pleasure of seeing 
him ; but I recollect, when I was but a youth, of hear- 
ing his fame proclaimed by many as o^e of the great. 
ones of the earth ; and from what I could learn in after 
days, Mr. Douthet was ranked far above mediocrity. 
He was universally beloved as a neighbor, dititen, and 



&■¥. JOSEPH SRAYISy A.M. 211 

goqpel minister. He lired and preached in mature old 
agei^'atidhedied." 

•Hanotbb DoirON entered the itinerancy in 1798, and 
was appointed to Great Pee Dee Gircnit ; in 1799, Bush 
Birer ; 1800, Washington ; 1801, Bladen ; 1802, Ediato 
and Orangeburg; 1808, same circuit; 1804, Enoree 
and Sandj River ; 1806, Catawba ; 1806, St. Mary's ; 
1807^ Chreat Fee Dee. At the next Conference he 
located^ hating travelled ten years. 

I vras well acquainted with Mr. Donon. For depth 
of piety he had not many equab. His preaching talents 
were not splendid : his delivery, was much against him. 
Hb appeared to study plainness of speech in the pulpit, 
which, being accompanied with deep solemnity and ear- 
nestness of look, and warmth of feeling and expression, 
often had a salutary effect iq>on his congregation. By 
tlie pious portion of the communities in which he tra- 
vellec^ he was always beloved and duly respected. 

After his location I heard but little about him, being 
qtdte remote from his place of abode. But I am led to 
believe that, from the long^tried and unblemished cha- 
racter of Brother Donon in the itinerancy, the same 
principle of holiness manifested by him in the itinerant 
ranks, continued to actuate him in his local sphere of 
operation. 

Jambs Cbowdeb I do not introduce among the 
fathers : those received after A. D. 1800, 1 view as sons. 
He was received on trial in the itinerancy in 1808, and 
appointed to Broad River Circuit; in 1804, Saluda; 
1805, Saluda; 1806, he located. Family concerns 
forbade his continuing in the itinerancy. Being so 



212 iLUTOBIOOBAPHT OF TBS I 

nearly allied to the fathers, and on accoimt of his zea] 
and piety, which were proverbial in lus local character^ 
I have thought proper not to pass him by nnnoticed. 
His talents as a preacher were not great, yet for gene- 
ral utility he was not behind any of his brethren. I 
must here relate a circumstance that I view worth no- 
tice. At a certain camp -meeting on Saturday nij^ 
Brother Crowder was requested to preach on the nindi , 
chapter of Romans. While in the act of explaining that j| 
chapter, fully proving that the doctrine of personal elec- ;■ 
tion to salvation from all eternity (in the Galvinistic '-t 
sense) could not be sustained thereby, the power of the i 
Highest fell upon the congregation in a most astounding 
manner. The loud shouts of "Glory to Qodt" com- 
mingled with the piercing cries for mercy, forbade his 
proceeding any farther in his discourse. The result was 
glorious. A goodly number of Galvinists were present. 
They felt the weight of argument, and saw the power 
of God attending it. Mr. Crowder lived as he preached. 
His life was uniform and holy, exemplary and nsefdl ; 
" and he died" — no doubt, as he lived. 

James Hill I place in the same category with the 
Rev. Mr. Crowder — ^not to be styled " father." True, I 
have myself, again and again, been thus styled; but I 
always viewed it a misnomer. I do not wish to be styled 
" Father," or " Parson." I prefer the title of " Unde," 
or "Brother." Mr. HiU was admitted on trial in the 
travelling connection in 1803, and appointed to Broad 
River Circuit; 1804, on Broad River Circuit; 1805, 
Enoree ; and at the end of that Conference year he 
lopated. 



KBY. JOBSFH TBAYIB, A.ll. 813 

I always thought that Brother BSll did wrongs Terj 
wrong, in locating. He was young and healthy, but 
litely manied, and conld have trayelled with bat little 
enemnbranee for seyeral years. He possessed superior 
preaching talents : his person was manly, his manner 
dignified, wnd his address interesting — made more so by 
his natural oratorical powers. There was abundant 
good sense in adl his sermons. Had he continued to de- 
vote his time and talents to the ministry, few, very few, 
eUher North or South, would have excelled him in that 
calling. I think that he and our lamented Bishop Bas- 
com would have compared well together, at the same age 
in the ministry, when Mr. Hill located. After his loca- 
tion I heard him once, but he was by no means what he 
had been. The faUing off was to me painfully per- 
oeptible. But he remained pious to the last. After 
enly a few years in his local sphere, disease arrested 
him, ^^ and he died ;'' and that is aU we know about our 
dear brother, James Hill. 

AsHLBY Hewitt is introduced by me as being a truly 
worthy brother, and on account of his untiring zeal in 
the missionary field of labor, and, after his location, his 
triumphant departure from time into eternity. He en- 
tered the itinerancy in 1811, and was appointed on 
Little Fee Dee Circuit ; 1812, Great Pee Dee ; 1818, 
Washington Circuit; 1814, Ocmulgee; 1816, Upper 
French Broad ; 1816, a missionary to Tombeckbee Cir- 
cuit ; 1817 and 1818, presiding elder on the Louisiana 
District. At the end of 1818 he located ; but in 1820, 
returned to the itinerancy, and was again appointed on 
Louisiana District. He continued filling sereral ioi* 



214 AUTOBIOQBAPHT OV THJI 

portant miBsioDarj appointments until 1882, when he 
finally located. 

I was intimately acquainted with Brother Hewitt, 
being a member of the same Conference (namely, SoiiA 
Carolina) with him for some years. He was estMned 
by the brethren of that Conference, and stood eminenlljr 
high in his missionary fields both m Mississippi and 
Louisiana. It was not long after his location before his 
happy transfer to glory took place. He had seyend 
children, all of whom who had come to years of ao^ 
countability had embraced religion, except one daughter 
(Elizabeth) about sixteen years of age, for whom he 
prayed again and again ; and would not give over hii 
fervent addresses to the throne of grace in' her behalfl 
The deadly fever of Louisiana broke into his happy 
&mily. His daughter Elizabeth and himself were taktft 
down the self -same day. Brother Hewitt was consdioas 
of his approaching dissolution, as medicines failed to take 
effect upon him. Hearing it to be the case also with 
his daughter, he despaired of her recovery, but not of 
her salvation. Consultation among physicians amounted 
to naught. Litelligence was brought him that Elizabeth 
was dead. He asked, '^ Did she profess religion before 
she died V The answer was, no. Then says Brother 
Hewitt, ^^ She is not dead. God will not permit her to 
die until she is converted. I have trusted my heavenly 
Father too long to doubt it, and He has heard my prayer 
too frequently now to turn a deaf ear to my dying re* 
quest in behalf of my beloved child." But rfie was kid 
out, shroud made, eyes closed, etc ; when, to the aston* 
ishment of all present, after lying thus about an bimr* 



BKY. J08XPH TBAYSIyA.M. 216 

Bhe opened ker eyes, aud said distinctly, '^ Glory to God, 
my 'sins are forgiven, and I am going safe to heayen." 
In a few minutes afterwards, she closed her eyee in 
d$*dlu Her sainted father also went home the same 

...!I!he above almost miraculous account of faith and 
prayev was given to me by a very responsible minister 
oi tiiie gospel. And just here permit me to say : Parents, 
n0VQr oeaae to pray for your children 1 Don't give them 
up I — don't give them up ! I beg you, I beseech you, 
104 I W^iuld conjure you in the name of the Holy Trin- 
ity — don't give them up ! pray on; and God will hear 
your prayer.* 

Joseph Tarplet, though not to be ranked among the 
fathers, was yet so nearly allied to them, and so emi- 
iiently useful, that his name ought to be brought afresh 
to the reminiscences of many hundreds who honored and 
loved him when laboring among them. He entered the 
itinerant ranks in 1804, and was appointed to Morgan- 
ton Circuit; 1805, Swanino Circuit; 1806, Appalachee ; 
1807, LouisviUe, Georgia ; 1808, Milledgeville ; 1809, 
jSantee ; 1810, 1811, 1812, presiding elder on Sparta 
IHatriet; 1813, on Oconee District; 1814, on Ogechee 
Dif^tri^t ; also 1815, 1816, 1817, on Ogechee District ; 
1818, Oconee District ; 1819 and 1820, on Athens Dis- 
trict. Having travelled eighteen years, he located in 

* It must not be supposed that God -wiU work miracles to control 
uresistibly the free agency of sinners in answer to the prayers of 
their pions Mends — GK>d compels no one to be religious. We are 
sve tiiat the author would deprecate such an inference from this 
ia^iaSMt aneodote. — [SnraoB 



^ 



216 AUTOBIOGBAPHY OF TEX 

1821, beloved and esteemed by the bishopa and the 
members of the Conference. I well recollect that Bishop 
McKendree yielded to his location with great reluctance. 
In his manners he was social, pleasant, and interesting, 
yet dignified — at all times and places keeping in view 
his holy calling, and endeayoring to walk worthy of it 
fie was a plain, energetic, and (as is sometimes tailed) 
powerful preacher. He had an excellent voice ; and he 
knew how to manage it to the best effect on his xKmgre- 
gatibn. His emphasis and cadence were always wisely 
directed; so that the trooping multitudes would" sit with 
delight for an hour or more, only regretting that he was 
drawing to a close. 

After his location, he was still a pious man, and 
popular preacher ; but unfortunately he entered into 
mercantile business. I cannot believe that ever God 
designed a travelling Methodist preacher to become a 
mercer, or a speculator of any kind. Besides, a man 
who has spient twenty years of his life in unreserved de- 
votion to the ministry is ill fitted to enter upon the 
uncertain enterprises of merchandise. 

Brother Tarpley was unsuccessful, and, I believe, lost 
every thing but his religion. He remained steadfast, 
abounding in the love of God, and bearing up under his 
worldly difficulties with all the fortitude, resignation, 
and patience, that characterize the humble Christian 
and the faithful servant of God. The most satisfactory 
evidence was afforded by him to his creditors, and 
to the community at large, that he acted in good faith ; 
and that all his errors originated from miscalcula- 
tions, and too much confidence in others. He jHreacbed 



ftXY. J08XPH TRAYIBi A.M. 217 

regularly to the end of life. ^'And he died." But I 
haye nev^ seen or heard of any periodioal noting his 
death, or telling us how he died. I knew him, and 
loved him on earth. To this late period I continne to 
dream about him; and I have the pleasing hope of 
maeting him in heaven. 

HtTjLTARd Judge was a preacher of no ordinary 
talents. He stood deservedly high in the commnnity at 
iMge. His preaching w« in pow, wd demonstration 
of the Spirit. 

He entered the itinerancy in 1806, in the Yirginia^ 
Oonference, and was appointed to Gloucester Circuit ; 
1807, Suffolk ; 1808, transferred to the South Carolina 
Conference, and appointed to Milledgeville Circuit; 
1809, Appalaehee ; 1810, Louisville ; 1811, Congaree ; 
1812, 181S, 1814, 1815, presiding elder on Broad River 
IMstrict; 1816, stationed in Camden. At the expira- 
tion of this year he located. 

Brother Judge was a pleasant companion. There was 
nothing sour or morose in his manners. There was a 
sprinkle of the %ang froid in his composition. Equally 
at home in the well-decorated parlor, as in the log-cabin — 
no company, however splendid, rich, or grand, appeared 
in the least degree whatever to agitate his mind. In the 
pulpit it was the same. If his congregation were chiefly 
composed of the literati, he was just as cool and com- 
posed as if they were so many of the poor sons of Ham.^ 
At the sitting of the Legislature of South Carolina, in 
Columbia^ he was called upon to preach to it, as he 
was pasnng through the place. He accordingly did so~ 
took for his text, << Except ye repent, ye shall all like* 
19 



918 A^UTOBIOOEAPHT 0# THB 

wise periah.^' Ln lus discourfle, he Iras just as plain and 
emphatic as if he had been preaching to the illiterate 
{^ineywobds fiurmcprs. He lived but a short time after 
location--*-waB arrested by consumption — ^^ and he died'' 
--rmuoh lamented by thousandls who knew him well, and 
loved him much. But no periodical ever announced the 
mimner of his death. 

I had folly intended to write more in reference to 
that extraordbary man, the Bev. Jaices Bussbll, but, 
recollecting that Dr. Olin had written a considerable 
piece concerning his death, as also his travels and "sor- 
rows, I have thought it unnecessary. Dr. Olin's remarks 
are all to the point, and cannot be exceUed. I would 
also have been glad to introduce soxoe of our locid 
brethren who nev^ had itinerated, such as Aarou 
Knight, etc. ; but I lacked data to go upon, in order to 
give any thing like a correct or satisfactory history in 
relation to them. The Bey« Messrs. Hull, Humphries, 
Glenn, etc., have already received a passing notice in 
my Autobiography* 

We love our local brethren, and highly esteem them 
for their piety, seal, and labor of love. Thousands of 
them have left the walls of our Zion to tread the golden 
streets of the New Jerusalem. Thousands more are 
' bending their course thitherward. May the great 
Head of the Church prosper them in their way, giving 
Hhern many souls for their hire, and, finaUy, the crown 
of endless life. Amen. 

Before I close my little book, I want to address a 
few words to my acquaintances and fidends at large in 



KIT. JOISPH HAYIS, A.M. 219 



CHAPTER XII. 

As Addz«e0 oh Brotherly Lore-— ClAsa-meetixigs — ^Prajor — ^The fStuih- 
iomrvndamiuemeiitBof theworld---Holin6(Bs — ^Reading. 

fO mr IfANT AOQUAINTANCESAin) FRIXNDS IN THE KETHOD- 
1ST EPISCOPAL OHUBCH^ IN THE TALCET OP YntGINIA, 
NOftTH AND SOUTH CAROLINA^ GEORGIA; ALABAMA^ 
LOUISIANA; MISSISSIPPI; AND TENNESSEE. 

Dbar Brbthrbn: — To me it is matter of thanks* 
gifing that when miable to travel to see my firiends, I 
ean neTertheless, bj pen and ink and paper, and throogh 
the press, corresponcL with them. My d^ys of itinerat- 
ing are over. Yon -will nerer again see me hoppmff over 
yoor eneampments — in the altar or in the pulpit: I 
shall never again mingle in your society arotmd the 
hearthstone — never again be seated at your well •fur- 
nished tables: you will never see me take the old family 
Bible, read my ehapter, and pray witk and for yon and 
yomrs — never again will my delighted ears be accosted 
by yonr lovely children witihi the familiar and welcome 
appellation of ^^ Uncle Travis." Ko, no— our next in- 
terview will be in the spirit-land. Away with the heart- 
dulling reflection^ that we are not to recognise each 



22Xy AUTOBIOOBAFHY OF TBI 

other in a better world. Our holy Bible affords us a 
more consoling view than this. It is a most pleasing re- 
flection, that the time is not far distant when the pious 
dead whom I so dearly lored on earth will again be pre- 
sented to my vision, and again associated with me in a 
more blessed union than could haye been enjoyed upon 
earth. In the language of Harbaugh : — '^ The sainted 
dead — ^they are treasures, changeless and shining trea- 
sures. Let us look up hopefully. Not lost, but gone 
before: lost only like the stars of the morning, that 
have faded into the light of a brighter heaven. Lost to 
earth, but not to us. They are our treasures— ^loving 
treasures-— the sainted dead !" 

Yes, my beloved brethren, we shall know each other 
in heaven. If, in very deed, Dives knew Lazarus — as 
far remote from each other as hell is from heaven — 
strange, wondrous strange, if the mhabitants of heaven 
cannot recognize their old friends whom they so much 
esteemed and loved on earth. Indeed, I hope to become 
acquainted in heaven with many I never knew on eartii. 
It will assuredly add to my joy to say to a Mr. Wesley, 
a Mr. Fletcher, a Martin Luther, ^'I have heard of 
thee by the hearing of the ear, but now mine eye seeth 
thee." 

Religion is love to God and to our fellow -creatures — 
to the people of God especially, because of the love we 
bear to God. That special love, then, to our brethren is 
not the effect of human sympathy, but originates in our 
love to God. And when we are freed from ^^ this dull 
clod of cumbrous clay," our love to our brethren will be 
inereaaed in the same xado «a t>va Icy^^ ^ Q:^ H»qum^ 



RI5T. J^BSPH TRAVIS^ A.M. S21 

if we truly loyed a pious and holy person on eartb, we 
shall love that one more abundantly in heaven. ^^ God 
is loye ; and he that dwelleth in love, dwelleth in God, 
and God in him" — so that heaven itself is love. And 
when permitted to see those whom for God's sake we so 
highly esteemed and loved on earth, how wiU it increase 
our bliss, our heaven, and our eternal felicity, to be 
again united with them, never to sin — never to err — 
never to realize distress or pain — ^never again to separate 
from each other. 

" There aU the Bhip's company meet, 

Who sailed with their Sayiour beneath : 
With shouting each other they greet, 

And triumph o'er sorrow and death. 
The Yoyage of life 's at an end, 

The mortal aMction is past: 
The age that in heaven they spend 

For oyer and ever shall last." 

BROTHERLY LOVE. 

* WiU you suffer your aged friend to enforce the 
heavenly command on you — "Love one another?" 
Destitute of this heavenbom principle, we are but as 
" sounding brass or a tinkling cymbal." " Love worketh 
no ill to his neighbor." " We know that we have passed 
from death, unto Ufe, because we love the brethren." 
" For this is the message that ye heard from the be- 
ginning, that we love one another." " He that loveth 
not his brother, abideth in death." "Whosoever hateth 
his brother, is a murderer ; and ye know that no mur« 
derer hath eternal life abiding in him." " My beloved 
19* 



882 AVTOBIOaBAPHT OK TUS 

ohildren, let us love aot in word, neither in tittigae^ but 
in deed and in trxtth." ^< He that loYetiti not, knoweth 
not Ood, for God is love. If we love one another^ God 
abideth in ns." , ^^ There is no fear in love/' ^^But if 
any man say, I lore God, and hateth his broths, he is a 
liar ; for he that loveth not his brother, whom he hath 
seen, how can he love God, whom he hath not aeenf 
Brethren, you see from these texts (^ Holy Writ how 
important, how vastly important, is the spirit of loYe to 
the forming of the Christian character. And of all be- 
ings on earth, Methodist preachers should love each 
other : their toils, their privations, their self-sacrificing 
and laborions calling, shoiild ever create a nnison of 
feeling and of sentiment towards each other. But espe- 
cially should they love each other, from the fact that 
the Great Head of the Chnrch hath so highly and won- 
drously magnified their office and honored their ministry. 
Yet let not this love be restrained or pent up within the 
bounds of our own household — let it flow abroad, as 
God hath his sons and daughters in other departments 
of our common Zion. In being Methodists, in doctrine, 
disdpline, and Church ordinances, we need not be bigots. 
^'Let brotherly love continue" to all Christians; and 
having the fruit of the Spirit, " love, joy, peace, long- 
suSering, gentleness, goodness, meekness, faith, temper- 
ance," we must love them. Yes, we must love them; 
because we expect to meet them in heaven, and there to 
commingle with them, and to spend a blessed eternity 
together, where there will be but one principle actuating 
the whole celestial company of glorified spirits, and but 
one universal song burf&tin|^ fottk from every redeemed 



RST. JOSEPH TRAVIS^ A.M. 223 

ionl: ^^ Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive 
power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honor, 
and glory, and blessing/' 

I would entreat my beloved brethren and sisters to 
read the I81I1 chapter of 1st Gorintliians imce a day for 
ikree months ; and as they read, to substitute the word 
bvB for eharUf/y agreeably to Mr. Wesley's, and many 
other translations ; and as they read, pray for wisdom 
to understand, and for grace to perform its most excel- 
lent instructions. Would it not be well to read it on 
y&urinee$f 

CLASS-MEETINGS. 

An intelligent Presbyterian clergyman^ belonging to 
the Old School, once said to me, '^ Sir, I believe your 
class-meetings are the very sinews of your Church." At 
first I thought it a very strong expression, but upon 
more mature thought I concluded that my Presbyterian 
friend was about right. It is a means of grace admira* 
bly calculated to aid us on our way to heaven. I view 
such a meeting as being fully recognized and approved 
by God himself. Bead Malachi iii. 16, 17, 18 : <' Then 
they that feared the Lord, spake often one to another; 
and the Lord hearkened, and heard it; and a book 
of remembrance was written before him for them that 
feured the Lord, and that thought upon his name. 
And they shall be mincj saith the Lord of hosts, in that 
day when I make up my jewels; and I will spare 
them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him. 
Then shall ye return and discern between the righteous 
and the wicked, between him that serveth God and him 



224 AUTOBIOaBAPHT Of THX 

that fserveth him not." Brethren, what say ye? will ye 
belong to the righteous j who love to meet and to speak 
to each other about the Lord and their own souls' salva- 
tion; or will you consent to be numbered with the 
wiehed^ who haye no delight in such assodiations ? i 
want no . surer mark of a fearful apostasy in any Me- 
thodist than wilful and repeated neglect of class-meeting. 
Let any one be aliye to God, and truly in earnest in 
striving to get to heaven, and he will love his class- 
room. 

From what I can learn, there is an alarming falling 
off in some parts of our Zion in the discharge of this 
all-important duty ; and what is still worse, some of our 
preachers do not hold a class-meeting during the entire 
Oonferenbe year in parts of their work. Of such I 
would say, let them be discharged from further public 
duty, while in a state of good health and good plight of 
body, and let some one who has religion and zeal enough 
to discharge the duties of a pastor take their place. 

If ever the Methodist Episcopal Church, South or 
North, sadly deteriorates, it will in a great measure be 
owing to the abandonment of class-meetings. Ever 
since God at first changed my heart, now considerably 
above half a century ago, I have never been in a class- 
meeting without being blessed. I can say the same of a 
love-feast. These two precious means of grace I do 
hope the Methodists will never abandon, so long as sun, 
moon, and stars endure. My brethren at large, whom 
I sincerely love, I do beseech you as your aged friend, 
if hitherto you have been negligent as repects your class- 
meetings, the very moment this exhortation meets your 



BXV. J08XPH TBAYISy A.M. 225 

eyes, resolve) by the help of God, to be more punctual 
in attending to this pleasing and advantageous duty. 
Alas, brethren, our dead formality in religion will only 
cause us to be damned with the greater solemnity. And 
my younger brethren in the ministry, sound and health- 
M in body, don't preach such long sermons, and pros- 
trate your physical powers, that you have no remaining 
strength to meet the class after preaching. Don't take 
dU the children's bread to cast away in the promiscuous 
crowd to whom you may be preaching. Give to all their 
meat in due season; and don't forget that a gracious 
season is due the members of the church in class- 
meeting. 

I would assure my dear friends that I am none of 
your croakers or fault-finders. But I am a Methodist, 
and I am constantly striving by grace to make my call- 
ing and election sure, and truly desirous of meeting all 
my good friends and brethren in the kingdom of glory. 

PEAYBE. 

It was the saying of a certain writer that ^^ prayer 
will make us leave off sinning, or sinning will make us 
leave off prayer." It is not for me to say, my beloved 
brethren, whether any of you are in the neglect of this 
all-essential duty. I will not accuse you — I will not 
condemn you. I leave it to God and to your own con- 
science to decide whether or not you are faithful in this 
respect. A prayerless Christian is a perfect contradic- 
tion. You might as well tell me of an honest thief, a 
sober drunkard, or a trutltful liar. I fear, however, 



226 AUTOBIOaBAPHT Of THX 

that there are some of qb who a^e not as consoientioits 
and regular at a throne g£ grace as we Bhonlcl be. If 
there be neglect of class-meetings by ns, be assored 
th^f!e is neglect of prayer^ particularlj private prayer. 
Our discipline used to be enforced npon those wlio 
neglected family prayer. Of late years the rule is nearly 
obsolete — ^whether for the better or worse, it is not for 
me to say. But, rule or no rule, the truly pou^ man will 
pray in his family, and endeavor to aid his children and 
servants in their duty to God, a^d to save their souK 
It is true, we have various hindrances in our approaches 
to a throne of grace ; but, thank God, none of them are 
insurmountable. Both in secret and family prayer we 
may expect the devil to make every effort to thwart our 
pious engagements. But he is a conquered enemy, and 

" Trembles when he sees 

The weakest saint upon his knees." 

I must relate a little circumstance, worthy of note, 
that took place not long since in this State. A certain 
Methodist removed from South Carolina to this section 
of country. Before his removal he was regular in family 
and private devotion. He had a little son about five 
years of age, that he was accustomed to take with him 
to private prayer. One day the little boy remarked to 
him, "Pa^ who is it that you were talking to?'* The 
father replied, that he was talking to God in prayer. 
In travelling to Mississippi, he neglected family and pri- 
vate prayer. Afterwards his attention was so completely 
taken up in fixing his. new residence, etc., prayer was 
again neglected, and he had nearly gone back to the 



4mmM^m vmATis, a.m. tB 



wodUL Aboate^^or ttm MMidtt aftior kii nwwiiil^ 
tlie litde boy, in die mnpfiraty <sf a duML md Im In^ 
"^PftywhereistliitGt^djminedtobetdkniStor It 
vent like a dagger to Us innoBt scnL Ste qpudd|j kMK 
tened to tlie hmdj f<H>68ty and agun boved bbwelf to 
his God and Sa^iov. Tbat nij^ be took down tb(t 
nei^eeted BSde and b jmn-book, and again eng^^ed in 
tihe Uened irack <tf &aulj irorahip— joined tbe Clnardi, 
•ndindiieiiewed dXgenee bat his cnone to theaunta* 
eTerlasting rest. In tbe first loTe-feast be attended 
aftOTrards, wbile many nere rekting bow tbey ir«re 
brought home to God, md who irere their qpiritiial 
ta^&en — pointing to his son, he said, *^ Brethren, yon 
may think it strange when I tdl yon that here sits my 
spiritual father." 

Mr. Byland, speaking of prayer, says : *^Abraham*s 
servant prays — ^Rebecca appears. Jacob wrestles and 
prays — the angel is oonqnered, and Esau's mind is won- 
derfully turned from the revengeful purpose he had har> 
bored for twenty years. Moses prays — ^Amalek is dis- 
oomfited. Joshua prays — ^Adian is disoovered. Hannah 
prays — Samuel m bom. David prays — ^Ahithophel hangs 
himsdf. Jehoshaphat prays — God turns away his face. 
Asa prays — a victory is gained. Isaiah and Hezekiah 
pray — one hundred and eighty-five thousand Assyrians 
are dead in twelve hours. Daniel j^rays — the lions are 
muzzled. Mordecai and Esther fast — Haman is hanged 
on his own gallows in three days. Ezra prays at Ahava^ — 
God answers. Nehemiah darts a prayer — the king's heart 
is softened in a minute. Elijah prays — a drought of 
three years succeeds. Elijah prays«— rain descends apace 



228 AUTOBIOGBAP&T OV THX 

Blisha prays—Jordan is divided. ElisHapray*— a child's 
soul comes back. The Church prays — ^Peter is delivered by 
an angel. Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises at 
midnijri^t — ^the doors of the prison were opened, and 
every man's bands were loosed. Prayer has divided 
seas, rolled up flawing rivers, made flinty rocks gush 
into fountains, quenched flames of fire, muzzled lions, 
disarmed vipers and poisons, marshalled the stars against 
the wicked, stopped the Course of the moon, arrested the 
rapid sun in his great race, burst open iron gates, re- 
called souls from eternity, conquered the strongest devils, 
commanded legions of angels from heaven. Prayer has 
bridled and chained the raging passions of men, and 
routed and destroyed vast armies of proud, daring, blus- 
tering atheists. Prayer has^ brought one man from the 
bottom of the sea, and carried another in a chariot of 
fire to heaven. What has not prayer done?" 

Brethren, will you continue to pray ? Methinks I 
hear the response, " God being my helper, I will.** 
Some of my dear sisters used to sing, and to play on 
the piano, " Home, sweet Home !'* I want you to sing 
in the same tune the beautiful lines of Miss Ann Lutton, 
of Ireland. You may have seen them in the ^VSongs of 
Zion/* but I will here transcribe them : 

''When torn is thj bosom by sorrow and care» 
Be it ever so simple, there's nothing like prayer : 
It eases, soothes, softens, subdues, yet restrains, 
Giyesyigor to hope, and puts passion in chains. 

Prayer, prayer, sweet, sweet prayer — 
Be it ever so simple, there's nothing like prayer ! 

When forced from the friends we hold dearest to part, 
What fond recollections still cling to the heart! 



mXT. J08BFH TBATIS, A.M. 2M 



0, k0W kvrtfvDy pleaaiiig till luJlowed by pnj«r ! 

PrmTcr, prmyer, sweet, sweet pnjer — 
Be it erer so smple, there's nothing like pnjer ! 

When pleesure wonld woo ns from ]^e^8 tnaSy 
The siren sings sweetly, or silently eh*nn8 : 
We listen, lore, loiter, are can^t in the snare. 
Bat, lookii^ to Jesos, we eon<in«r by prayer. 
Prayer, prayer, sweet, sweet prayer-— 
Be it fliYer so Bim|de, there's nothing like prayer ! 

While strangers to prayer, we're strangers to Miss : 
fiearen poors its fUl streams throngfa no medium but this; 
And till we the seraph's f^ eostasj share, 
Onr chalice of bliss mnst be guarded by prayer. 

Prayer, prayer, sweet, sweet prayer — 
Be it eyer so simple, there's nothing Hke prayer t' 



1*9 



My few remarks on prayer are designed to " stir up 
your pure minds by way of remembrance ;" and if I can 
but excite one immortal spirit to a daily nse of this 
blessed means of grace, I shall greatly rejoice. There 
is yet another subject which I wish in a brief manner to 
notice. 

THE FASHIONS AND AMUSEMENTS OF THE WORLD. 

I do not design a long essay on this subject, but 
merely a few plain and scriptural remarks, hoping there- 
by to aid you in renoimcing the world, the flesh, and 
the devil, and, in daring to be singular, to devote your 
time, your talents, your all, to the praise and service of 
your Heavenly Father. You will, no doubt, recollect 
the command of the Holy Spirit by St. Paul, "Be 
20 



^- . 



380 AVTOBIOttBAPST Of T91 / 

not oonfinrmed to this world/' (in spirit^ judgment, oi 
praetice,)— of St. John, "Love not the world, neither 
the things that are in the world. If any man love the 
world, the love of the Father is not in him. For all 
that is in the world, the desire of the flesh, and the de- 
sire of the eye, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, 
but is of the world; and the world passeth away, and 
the desire thereof' — St. Peter, "Beloved, I beseech you 
as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, (or 
desires,) which war against the soul'' — St* James, 
'^ Therefore, laying aside all the filthiness and superfluity 
of wickedness, receive with meekness the ingrafted word, 
which is able to save your souls." 

Quotations of this character might be multiplied. 
But, my dear brethren and sisters, read over again the 
foregoing, and then let me ask you before God, Do you 
believe that "If any man love the world, the love of the 
Father is not in him ?" Bead it again, inwardly diges^ 
it, and pause and reflect for a conscientious response. 
Again, as to these divinely inspired injunctions, are you 
willing to take heed unto them, and to be governed 
thereby ? What say you ? that I could but hear you 
say, " Yes, yes !" With these lights flashing in your 
face, can you mingle in worldly conversation-parties, so- 
called 7 I trow not, with a good conscience. Those 
associations are gotten up by the devil, to seduce the 
young and thoughtless professor of religion from the 
paths of piety. They are composed in part of dandies^ 
with some refined and well-bred people, but few, very 
few, of those who fear Grod and are striving to work 
righteousness. ^ 



The drafter of a oertaim Iioiionbltt aid irethlqf 
gentlemat in London embracod religioii uidor tte Me* 
thodist ministry, mnd became a Methodist. Hot £ither 
belonged to tbe EstaUished Cbnrdk As abe naa bia 
only child, he iras somewhat chagrined at hst proceed- 
ings. She iras well edacated, and yersed in all the * 
etiquette of the day. He tried hard to get her to balls ; 
but all in vain. One day he remarked to her, saying, 
" Martha, you will certainly go widi you: pa to the 
conversation-party to-night : th^re can be ho harm in 
attending it." She replied that for his sake she would 
go. The company meets : MarAa is cheerfal, but not 
gay. A dance is proposed, and a yonng goitlemaib^f 
standing offers hinu^lf as a partner. She peremptorily 
refnses. The piano at length is introdnood. The father 
steps up to Martha, saying, " My child, come and give 
us a song : I will go with you." She modestly rises,' 
takes her father by the arm, and walks to the piano. 
Composed and tranquil, she takes her seat, and com- 
mences with that well-known stanza of Mr. Wesley's : 

*^J7o room for mirth or trifling here, 
For worldly hope or worldly fear, 

If life 80 soon is gone : 
If now the^odge is at the door, 
And aU mankind must stand before 

Th' inexorable throne." 

She played it off finely, and the sweet intonations of 
her voice in singing it melted the company. Her father 
rose, and) with tears in his eyes, exclaimed : ^* My dear 
daughter, you have conquered ipe/' Meanwhile taking 



282 AUirirBIOOBAPHT or THX 

her in, hi^ irms, lie conducted her back to her seat. 
that ipeliad such Marthas among us ! 

I haye heard with deep regret that in some places our 
younger Methodists are found in the ball-room, and 
fome of our older ones have occasionally had a dance 
^at their houses. '^ My brethren, these things ought not 
so to be." Time was that the Methodist Church almost 
stood alone in opposition to this unchristian exercise. 
But it is no longer isolated: the Baptist, the Pres- 
byterian, tlie Protestant Episcopal Churches, have all 
entered their protest against dancing. Our Baptist 
brethren assign a very good reason for their opposition^ — 
]i%mel^ that by the dancing of a silly girl, John the 
Baptist lost his head. Many have absurdly undertaken 
to proveits l..maess from Scripture-e. g," There is a 
time to dance," etc., forgetting that there is also a time 
>» be damned, if they don't repent. 

*' Thus men go wrong with an ingenious skill — 
Bend the straight rule to their own crooked will ; 
And with a clear and shining lamp supplied. 
First put it out, then take it for their guide." 

Cicero, the heathen orator, once remarked, that a man 
must either be mad or drunk before he would dance. 
For the benefit of my younger friends in our Church, 
I will here selate a circumstance that I read many years 
ago. A certain young lady was ticketed to a ball. The 
night before the ball, she dreamed that she was at the 
ball — danced a while — ^was taken sick — carried home — 
put in an elbow-chair — ^that a smelling-bottle was given 
to her— -that she fainted and died — ascended to heayen 
«— -was ttiiserable in the company of saints and angels-^- 



was Inriad itnmj» liMin aai lwBMi^!&. AckfffjnM^ 
mtiniAte in Ifae &hBt; djatwq rf hu iieiaigMflicf ntlMr 
gloomy — inqvired tk mso^ Sk sui dk^ mwid teO 
him her dream, aadi tkiak ao m w i ahon it — k Wii^ 
but a dream. He begged IktboI to go: b«l dk^ said 
she would not be seared br a dream. She accordii^^ 
went ; and $U dm partim lais of bcr dream relating to 
this world came to pass ; and ^ne maj info ita MSI- 
ment also in the worid of spiiita. A dancing CUistian 
cannot be saved wiAont repmtanee. Let Mdbodists 
have nothing to do with dancings onanj thing of the 
sort. But, saj some, it is an homnaUe aequiremest* 
But how can ye lore God, seddng lMmw<me of anotlrarT 

«« Wluit BVBben here wovld into ttm» advsNM^ 
GoosdoiiB of Bcrit m the eoxeoBb's duoe! 
That n^eel of fops! tiiftt aexmtor of the torn! 
CW U diiPcnM, and tiie jpdl goes dova." 

HOLINESS. 

This is a cardinal doctrine of our Church. The Me- 
thodists were believed to be designed by God to spread 
scriptnral holiness throughout the length and breadth of 
^^ these lyids." I need ifi>t quote a multiplicily of 
scriptures on this point. Have you not read that plain 
and positive assertion of St. Pftul, ^^ Without holine$9^ 
wo MAN shall see the Lard ?" Do you believe it ? 
what a comprehensive phrase ! No man : no rich man, 
no poor man, no learned man, no ignorant man, no whit0 
man, no colored man, no Methodist man, no Presbytfib 
rian man, no Baptist man, or Episcopalian man : indeedf*^ 
20* 






284 AUTOBioomAPHT or tmi 

j» professing man or non-professing man shaU erer see 
the Lord, or, in other words, ever get to heaven^ ^^ without 
holiness." God is holy: angels, seraphim and chem- 
bim, are holy: yea, all heaven is holy; and all who 
would enjoy a holy heaven, must become holy on earth; 
^for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor 
wisdom in the grave/' As death leaves ns, judgment 
will find us. They that are righteous, will be right- 
eous still : whilst they that are filthy, will be filthy stilL 
My brethren beloved, if holiness be a prerequisite for 
our admission into heaven, how dare we delay in attain- 
ing unto it ? let us be iq) and doing — '^ time is flying 
— death urging — ^knells calling — ^hell threatening" — ^but, 
thank God, " Heaven is yet inviting !" For what purpose 
did we join the Church ? Was it to plea,Be God, and to 
aid us on our way to heaven? Now then, in order to 
please God and to make sure of heaven, let us strive to 
be holy in all manner of conversation. And whatso- 
ever we do, whether in eating, or drinking, or wearing 
apparel, let us do all to the glory of God. Thus shall 
we keep a conscience void of offence towards God and 
man. But inward, heart-holiness, will be productive of 
outward holiness. Whenever the heart is circumcised to 
love the Lord God with all the heart; and whenever 
the blood of the Lord Jesus cleanses us from all sin, it 
is th«[L that the whole man is brought into entire sub- 
jection to the word and will of God. The world is' 
crucified unto us, and we unto the world. We become 
dead unto sin, and alive unto God — ^perfecting holiness 
ia^xthe fear of the Lord. As you are believers in the 
^Mtrine of sancti&ca^Aou^ axA mm\> tl<^^ \s% ^^uce of 



mXT. J08BPH TmATIB, A.M. 

the pleasmg results attendmg its blessed experience, 
making you happy and stOl more happy, and enabling 
you to bear all the difficulties of life with more fortitude, 
patience, and resignation, you will suffer tiie word of ex- 
hortation ''firom your gray-headed firiend and brother, 
^60 up at once and possess the goodly land/' Yea, 
why not to-day? why not this horn* ? yea, why not thk 
Tery moment? Let it be your cry, 

<< Now, O m7 JoBhaa, bring me in« 
Cast oat thy foes : the inbred nn. 

The carnal mind remoye : 
The purchase of thy death cBride, 
And O with all the sanctified 
Qiye me a lot of lore.** 

To me it is a heart-cheering doctrine — ^yea, it is my 
light in darkness, my way when bewildered, my strength 
in wealmess, my comfort in distress — and it is that which 
opens up a vista to tiie skies. I love the very term 
holiness. Lord, make and keep me holy. 

BEADING. 

Be careful and guarded in your selection of books. 
Don't be without Mr. Wesley's Sermons, his Notes on 
the New Testament, our Hymn-Book, and our periodi- 
cals, if you can get them. But I beseech you, have no- 
ihing to do with what are called " novels." Their authors 

*< Are writers of what none with safely reads. 
Footing it in the dance that Fancy leads : 
These noyelists do mar what they would mend, 
Odwellh^ and driT«lling IbDy withotLi end. 



/ <■ 



286 AUTOBIOOBAPHY OF TJIB 

that a Terse had power, and oould oomxnaiid 
Far, far away these flesh-flies Arom our land. 
Sach writws and snch readers owe the goat 
And relish of th^ pleasure all to lust. 

In the place of foolish novels, devote what tune 70a can 
to the reading of the H0I7 Bible: it is emphaticsJlj 
styled the <^ Book of books." Even Byron, thongh semi- 
infidel, says : 

'< Within this awftd volume lies 

The mystery of mysteries ; 

And happiest they of human race 

To whom our Ch>d hath given grace 

• ^ To hear, to read, to watch, to pray, 

To lift the latch, and force their way ; 
But better had they ne'er been bom 
Who read to doubt, or read to scorn." 

One or two chapters each day shoidd be carefully and 
prayerfully read: in so doing, you will become wise 
unto salvation, and fully prepared to give a scriptural 
reason for your hopes of immortality and eternal life- 
Love your Bible : treasure up its blessed contents ; well 
recollecting that, 

" Men's books with heaps of ebsff are stored — 
God's book doth golden grains afford : 
Then leave the chaff, and spare thy pains, 
In gathering up the golden grains." 

I should really love to dwell upon these interesting 

subjects, and to swell the size of my little book even to 

tljat of a large one. But to whom am I writing ? Not 

'4<^ the ignorant, or I would enlarge on these points. 

ildjl^address is to tYioae ii)M> Yxtffw ^'5sa'^i^%\fcV^^\Jl% 



and n J olgeel is to awe thcM firaia ^ ■tHKy Mrifo^^ b j 
prew^hg on thcM to <b tkuft wUA Aoy abaad^ bm m* 
It is no anuJl matter to be a CSaaBtiaii. It requires tbe 
same power tbat created a worid to make a Chriadaa« 
He 18 a new ereaticm, moulded b j the hand ci the om> 
nipotait God; and by Him alone he ia k^ in his 
cnriginal charactor from day to day. And that character 
18 liie '^ highest style oi man." It is the gouiine Chiisi> 
ian who does and soffen the will of God. And sach I 
most sincerely desire md pray may be every one for 
whom this brief and imperfect address is designed* 

My brethren, if genuine Christianity be worth 4nj 
diing, it is worth every thing. If there is a heaven of 
endless and infinite delights, sorely it is w<»rth a little 
cross-bearing to attain it. If there is a hell of endless 
woe and pain — of deathless worms and quenchless 
flames, we ought to spare no pains to shun it. My dear 
reader, in a few years from now, heaven or hell will 
contain your immortal spirit* To which of those long 
homes will you bend your course ? If for heaven, re- 
member, remember ! that without holiness you will 
never enter there. that I could write this all-import- 
ant text, as it were, with the point of a diamond upon 
your breast. I pray you, don't forget it. You may for- 
get your brother, or Uncle Travis — ^you may forget your 
own name ; but don't forget St. Paul to the Hebrews, 
c. xii. 14 : '^ Follow peace with all men, and holiness, 
without which no man shall see the Lord." 

I never expect to minister to you again in holy things : 
I never again expect to see you on earth. I cannot Ujf 
that the time of my departure is come ; but agrettbfy 



288 AlfTOBIOeBAPHT OV THB 

to the course of nature, and the weakness of my bodily 
frame, it cannot be ^ery remote. I am now waiting my 
appointed time ; and lAten it does arriye, I trust that I 
shall be able to say : ^^ Gnhte time of my departure is at 
hand : I have fought a good fight : I have finished my 
course: I have kept the faith. Henceforth there n 
laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, 
the righteous Judge, shall giro me at that day ; and 
not unto me only, but unto til them also that Ioyc his 
appearing." In thus addressing you, I am convinced 
you win properly af^reciate my good motiyes, and my 
sincere desire for your present and eternal happiness. 
I have committed myself into the merciful hands of a 
good God, whether to die soon, or to live even to my 
fourscore years* And I would sing : 

** If raoh a worm as I can 8prea4 
The common SaTioor's name. 
Let Him who raised thee from the dead 
Quicken my mortal frame." 

And now this one and last request: Brethren, pray 
for me. If such as St. Paul saw the necessity of beg- 
ging the prayers of Christians, how much more such 
' as I, who, in comparison with him, am less than nothing. 
Again, I say, pray for your aged and afflicted friend. 

JOSEPH TRAVIS. 



China Gboyb, sear Grenada, Ifiss., 



April 21, 1866 



<i 



} 



* THB BN©. 



i 



Zo tbt Stakr. 



In my preface to the first edition, I hinted to tho 
reader the condition of my health, and tho uufavoniblo 
circumstances under which I wrote. And 1 found, upon 
examination of the work, that I had neglected to insert 
several names and incidents that I ought not to have 
passed over. I shall now attend to this matter, in a 
brief manner, and in a simple, plain style. 

I am glad to find that my little book has met with 
as cordial a reception as it has ; whilst several letltM'S 
fi'om estimable preachers have assured me of their 
approval of it. I think the appendix tliat I now giv(i 
will much contribute to its utility, witliout greatly en- 
hancing the price. To do what little good I can, in 
my confined and crippled condition, is my grcitit (h^siiM?. 
I would only add, that, in all my privations and alllio 
tions, my soul continues to enjoy sweet jKiace and coin- 
munion with the blessed Trinity ; and when I try to 
pray, Heaven is propitious. This I mention, not 



242 TO THE BEADEB. 

vauntingly, but to the glory of Almiglity God, and to 

the richness, and fulness, and freeness of his grace, so 

abundantly manifested day by day to an unworthy worm 

of dust and ashes. 

JOSEPH TRAVIS. 

China Gbove, May 8d, 1856. 



APPENDIX. 



Kotdces of Stephen Thompson — ^Peter William Gantier — Father SoUors 
—Rev. Dr. H ^E. Waterman— C. Daniel— T. R. Walsh— An- 
thony Forster- A. M. Forster— T. W. Stanley— W. P. Arnold— T. D. 
Turpin — F. C. Spraggins — ^V. Wooley — T. Stubbs — John Lane — G. 
Baker— P. Palmer— H. McGehee— E. F. Gibbs— E. I. Fitzgerald— 
Llewellin Eyans — ^Hope Hull — J. Russell — T. Humphries, and many 
others. 

PAGE 35. 

Stephen Thompson, mentioned by me in charge of 
Bladen Circuit, was received on trial the year before 
myself. This year closed his toils and sufferings on 
earth ; and being but a probationer in the Conference, 
there is no notice taken of his death in the printed 
minutes. Although forty-nine years have nearly rolled 
around since his death, I do not think that the name, 
the labors, and the triumphant death of such a man of 
God should be permitted to remain unnoticed. 

He was a married man, and his children, or grand- 
children, as the case may be, may yet be living in North 
or South Carolina ; if not, his memory cannot be oblite- 
rated from the minds of many yet living in Bladen Circuit. 

To the best of my recollection he was what might be 
called a good preacher. One thing I distinctly re- 
member, he was both a son of thunder and a son of con- 
solation, happily blended together. I listened to him 
with delight, and never without profit, resolving to try 
to get more religion, and to be a better man. He was 

(243) 



244 APPENDIX. 

cordially received on the circuit, and the prospect of 
much good being effected by him was very palpable, 
and to the Church at large matter of much thanks- 
giving to God. But ere six months have elapsed, the 
time of his departure mysteriously arrives. He is 
violently attacked with inflammatory rheumatism ; in 
a short time it pervades his whole system. He makes 
out to reach home. The skill of physicians proves 
abortive, and after a few weeks of excruciating pain, 
he breathes his last. During all this scene of sujBFering 
he was not only patient and resigned, but happy in the 
love of God. He died in the full assurance of faith. 

He was a very spiritual preacher — plain in his 
dress, unaffected in his manners in and out of the 
pulpit, a great lover of Methodist discipline, doctrine, 
and usages. And had he lived in this day of progres- 
sion, (but, as Bishop Morris says, "backward,") he might 
be called an old " fogy" in religion. Happy man, his 
race was but short, but the terminus was glorious. 
Should his children or grandchildren glance at this, 
let them understand that their father or grandfather 
was universally beloved, useful in life, and triumphantly 
happy in death; and let them try to meet him in heaven. 

Peter William Gautier lived within the bounds of 
Bladen Circuit. He was, however, much with me in 
Brunswick Circuit, and I thus became well acquainted 
with him. He was a local preacher of considerable 
standing. I have heard, but do not know that it was 
so, that after he removed to Florida, clouds and dark- 
ness threatened obscurity to his setting sun. I can 
only state what I knew of him personally in North 
Carolina and in Georgia. 



* APPENDIX. 245 

In 1807 I first became acquainted Trith him. and was 
truly delighted Trith him. as a gentleman, a Christian, 
and Methodist preacher. He was a man of wealth and 
inflnence, and gave a good tone to Methodism in that 
section. His parents were wealthr, and I think that 
Peter was educated and designed for the l>ar. But^ 
much to the mortification of his relatives, he embraceil 
religion, and joined the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
which in that day was not considered honorable, and 
by many not even respectable. Peter at length ob- 
tained license to preach. His brothers and other rela- 
tives opposed him in the most assiduous manner. Yea, 
one of his brothers, (a lawyer.) cowhidcd him in the 
pulpit. But Peter was not to be driven from his pui*- 
poses. He remained " steadfast and unmovable." lie 
preached with an eloquence that drew crowds to hear 
him. His labor was not in vain. Souls were brought 
home to God, and to the Church, through his instru- 
mentality. 

Brother Gautier was a man of inflexible courage and 
honesty of purpose. If he erred, one had only to con- 
vince him of it, and, with childlike simi)lioity and 
honesty of heart, he would make an acknowledgment, 
with suitable promises of amendment. I heard him, 
one day, on the stand to a large congregation, make a 
confession of his pride of heart; stating that but a 
few weeks before he had lost his wife — they were both 
lying in bed together, a thunder-cloud arose, and a 
stroke of lightning killed his wife by his side — " and," 
says he, weeping, "had God killed me, instead of my 
good wife, I should have gone right to hell f — stating 
that he had become so proud that he was ashamed for 



246 APPENDIX. •• 

a poor Methodist, dressed in homespnn, to step np 
and call him "Brother," particularly in certain com- 
pany. ^ 

In 1822, I again knew him in Georgia, the same 
good and zealous Peter W. Gautier. At a camp-meet- 
ing in Georgia, he reproved Col. J. for misconduct. 
When brother Gautier had finished, and came out of 
the stand, Col. J. stepped up to him, saying, " Sir, you 
have to give me a written acknowledgment as an 
apology for reproving me, or I will be necessitated to 
flog you." Brother G. called for pen, ink, and paper, 
and hastily wrote : " I am truly sorry that I was com- 
pelled to reprove Col. J. for misconduct on a camp- 
meeting ground," and signed it. The Colonel read it, 
and his friends burst into a laugh at him, and he 
carelessly walked off. I have understood that he has 
gone the way of all flesh : he probably died in Texas. 
I would only add, that whatever may have been the 
closing scene of life with brother Gautier, one thing is 
certain : but few men have eff'ected a greater amount 
of good than he in a local sphere of action. 



PAGE 43. 



Undesignedly, I passed over some very worthy and 
excellent local preachers in Brunswick Circuit, but it 
was owing to my ill-health when I penned my auto- 
biography. There was Father Lyell, gray-headed and 
bending under the weight of three-score and ten years ; 
yet with zeal and energy preaching Jesus as the Sa- 
viour of poor lost sinners ; nor did he preach in vain. 



APPSNBIX. 247 

He was a good man, and quite an acceptable pareadier. 
He has long since gone home to receive his hire. 

Also, Father Sellers, equally as old, equally as good 
a preacher, well-beloved, and highlf esteemed by all 
who knew him. These two patriarchs were truly 
coadjutors to our fathers in the itinerancy in planting 
Methodism in that section of counti^ ; and with them 
I have no doubt both are participating in the delights 
of immortal glory. 

There was also Stephen Daniel, a much younger man 
than the two former, but every way equal to them for 
piety, zeal, and usefulness. He was in truth a lovely 
man, of a most amiable temper, humble, holy, and 
affectionate in his universal deportment. Saint and 
sinner admired Stephen Daniel. His house was my 
home, and I always left it with reluctance. His ami- 
able and pious wife greatly added to the comfort and 
delight of the hearth-stone. They are both gone, and 
there can be no rational doubt of their final happiness. 

The great and lasting good effected by local preach- 
ers who are zealous, pious, and truly holy and devoted 
to God, eternity alone can and will unfold. May the 
great Head of the Church keep them humble and faith- 
ful. 

In relation to Brunswick Circuit in 1807, 1 should 
have mentioned that it was a five weeks' circuit, em- 
bracing a quite extensive region of country ; and the 
preacher was necessitated at times to undergo some 
difficulties and privations, to which those of this day 
and time are utter strangers. On this circuit, I adopted 
a rule to spend one hour each day whilst riding on to 
my apj)ointments in close meditation and prayer. The 



248 APPENDIX. 

result to me was truly advantageous. Many a time, on 
the silent and lonesome road, I was peculiarly blessed, and 
constrained to shout out, " Glory to God 1" It fitted 
me to enter the pulpit with suitable feelings, and to 
submit to any little inconveniences afterwards. My 
dear young brother, just starting on your toils and 
labors in the itinerancy, suppose you try the experiment 



PAGE 90. 



During this year, the Rev. Dr. H., pastor of the 
Protestant Episcopal church in Georgetown, was called 
home, I trust, to glory and to God. He was afflicted 
for some weeks. I frequently visited him by his re- 
quest, and prayed with him on each visit. He was the 
father of our much esteemed sister, widow Moore, of 
Wilmington, N. C, who I suppose has taken her exit 
from earth to heaven. Upon the demise of the vene- 
rable Doctor, I was respectfully invited by the vestry 
of his church, with the Masonic fraternity, (he being a 
member of their lodge in that place,) to preach his 
funeral sermon in his own church and pulpit ; which I 
accordingly did to a crowded house. About three 
months afterwards, the Bishop from Charleston re- 
preached it. I heard the sermon, but there was no 
allusion whatever to the preceding sermon on the occa- 
sion. 

Another circumstance transpired this year in George- 
town which I can never forget, in relation to an unfor- 
tunate youth who had been an overseer for Mr. , 

who, by the way was kno^Fa \Ai \>^ ^e^^x^, ^^^ ^\» Hjissssse. 



APPENDIX. 2-19 

even croel to his serraats. When this young man was 

leaving Mr. , two of the servants came to him 

weeping and begging to go with him. He was thought- 
less about consequences, and yielded to their entreat- 
ies : upon which he was arrested for negro-stealing, and 
condemned to death. Such were the sympathies of 
both ladies and gentlemen for the young man, that 
petitions were again and again sent to Governor A., 
for his reprieve ; but the Governor was inflexible. OuO 
day the Lieutenant-Governor called at the parsonage, 
requesting me as a clergyman to go and tell him his 
doom : that, although his day of death had l>eon pro- 
crastinated for some time, it would inevitablv take 
place the next day at twelve o'clock. I accordingly 
went, and announced to him the dolorous tidings. Ho 
remained calm and unmoved, quite to my astonish- 
ment. I then asked him if he felt prepared for the 
event. He replied that he had been long looking to 
that end, had made his peace with God, and, as ho had 
innocently violated the laws of his country, he was per- 
fectly willing that justice should be saitisfied, if God 
saw best. I then asked him if he desired to take the 
sacrament from my hands, and that I should attend him 
to the gallows. He replied, " If you please, sir." I 
then told him, after praying with him, that I would bo 
with him at ten o'clock next day, and remain until tho 
appointed hour. I accordingly went, with an attend- 
ant carrying the bread and wine, and when I rcacliod 
the prison, the jailer told me that somehow or other 
he had made his escape in the night. This was tho 
last that was heard of the unfortunate young man. 
In noticing some of the excellent members of our 
11* 



250 APPENDIX. 

Church in Georgetown, I undesignedly neglected to 
name a brother, E. Waterman, who at that time was 
truly a pillar of the Church, and if yet alive,* I trust 
that such he is to the present day — ^kind, benevolent, 
and active in the service of God and the Church. Also 
a sister Belin, with her amiable family, of whom 
James L. Belin, of the South Carolina Conference, was 
one. Sisters Senter, Harvey, Carson, and Addison 
ought always to be had in grateful remembrance. 



PAGE 94. 



I ought not to have closed my remarks concerning 
the citizens of Marion village and its vicinity without 
bringing into view a Chesley Daniel, Esq., a lawyer 
of that place, who was the means of my going there, 
though he was at that time no professor of religion. 
He was friendly to the Methodists, and subsequently 
became converted, joined the Church, and died, I trust, 
a holy man. His pious and excellent mother, of the 
Presbyterian Church, was universally esteemed and 
beloved by all who knew her. His sisters, Mrs. Giles, 
Mrs. Evans, Mrs. Williams, and Mrs. Turpin, were all 
amiable, pious, and devoted Christians, and all, I be- 
lieve, members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Sister Turpin is the widow of our beloved Thomas D. 
Turpin, of the South Carolina Conference, who died at 
his post, shouting and rejoicing in the struggles of 
death. He was one of my students at Mount Ariel. 



APPENDIX. 251 

The widow Heniy and her amiable &iiiily can nerer 
be forgotten by me, A daughter of hers married mv 
nephew, the Eev. Tracey R, TVakh. An Edward 
Wheeler (now General) was one of my students, and, I 
learn, is a pious and upright member of our Church at 
liiis time. A General Grodbold and familv I much 
esteemed, as also a Mr. Harley and Mr. Tart, The 
older ones have, no doubt, ere this gone home : but lot 
the younger ones who may read this recollect how often 
their Uncle Travis has prayed for them in their fatliers^ 
houses. 

It would truly gladden my heart if I could but once 
more visit Marion — once more see and converse with a 
General Wheeler, a Jane Evans, and Ann Turpin, and 
their excellent sisters. But as I cannot, I have but 
little doubt they will get to heaven, and I must try to 
meet them there. And when they read this sketch, let 
them forthwith resolve to double their diligence in 
making their calling and election sure. 



PAGE 101. 

When I was penning the remarks concerning the 
good lady that joined our Church in Fayettevillo under 
Evans, I could not at that time call to mind hor naino. 
Such were the afflictions of my poor body, that my mind 
of course could not be as lucid and rcminisccntial aH in 
a state of good health. But without further apology, I 
here state that it was our much-esteemed and oxceUont 
sister Bowen, a lady of finished education, of refined 
manners, of superior intellect and of fervent piety. 



252 APPENDIX. 

She has, no doubt, long since gone to unite with the 
Church triumphant. Yet her name should be kept in 
" everlasting remembrance," and handed down to pos- 
terity as one of the lights and way-marks of the South- 
ern Methodist Church. Indeed, too much could not be 
said in her praise for Christian fidelity, for heroic firm- 
ness and magnanimity, for untiring perseverance and 
zeal manifested for the glory of God, and for the pros- 
perity of the Church. Like Dorcas, " she was full of 
good works." She had a goodly number of lovely chil- 
dren, who, when but young, were acquainted with me. 
If living, I would say to them, in reading this brief 
sketch of their sainted mother. Don't forget to imitate 
all her virtues, that you with her may ultimately share 
in the glories of her blessed reward in a better world. 



PAGE 105. 

I would further state, in reference to the Rev. Anthony 
Forster, that he wrote and had printed a volume of 
sermons, but not one of them was tinctured with Soci- 
nianism. I much doubt whether he publicly advocated 
that system ; or if he did, it was more in an inferential 
than dogmatical manner. His brother, the Rev. 
Alexius M. Forster, a Methodist minister, is yet living, 
or I should freely indulge in affectionate remarks con- 
cerning him. He has been a Methodist preacher for 
forty-five or forty-six years ; steadfast and immovable 
in the doctrines maintained by the Church to which he 
belongs, his life and conversation corresponding there- 
Win to. I have known. \iim fex ^\ \^^^\. iorcXj^-ioxa ^^ax%^ 



<A^FXSIiIX. 



it 



and hkve loved Idm ife(«t oclr as a lero^i^n-Uw. b^i a;si 

* 

a worthy ministef erf Cirist in ocr ChsnA^ Ho 5;? iu>v 
% sopeFumaated mesiiiKr i!^ ;2:<e Sonih Can>lifia Cvmfoj> 



PAGE 10$. 



The name of the Eer. Thoma? W, Sianlov onsrhf to l^ 
handed down to posterirr with honor, Ihx^^h;^^ of his 
taloits and nsefUnes?. He was admitted on trial in U\o 
traTelling connection in 1S12. and apjH>inteii on lattlo 
Pee Dee Circnit ; in 1813, Little River Circuit : in 1814, 
Sparta Circnit ; in 1815, Wilminsrton StiUion : in 18 U>, 
Charleston Station ; in 1817, Columbia Station : at 
the ensning Conference he located. In his local sphoro 
he was truly useful as teacher of a female aoadoniy in 
Athens, Ga., as also in his ministry as a gifted and 
zealous preacher. After remaining several years in 
Athens, beloved and esteemed, ho removed to si>nio 
other point in Georgia, (the place I have forgotten.) 
but, as has been stated to me, continueil the same pious, 
popular, and efifective preacher and teacher until ISJM^, 
when, by a stroke of apoplexy, ho was hastily called 
home to his inheritance in glory. 



PAGE 119. 



Since my partial recovery, I have been enabled to 
lay my hands upon the minutes of 1821, etc., until the 
time of my location, December, 1824. In 1H2I, the 
following brethren were received on trial la the South 



254 APPENDIX. 

Carolina Conference, namely, David Riley, Henry Sea- 
grest, Archibald Purifoy, Thomas Thweat, Joshua N. 
Glenn, John Robertson, Daniel 6. McPaniel, Elias 
Sinclair, Robert T. Ward, Elijah Sinclair, John I. 
Triggs, Noah Laney, Bond English, Malcolm McPher- 
son, John Reynolds, and Levi Stancell — sixteen in all. 
But, alas, how few remain! I know of none except 
our much beloved brother and faithful servant of God, 
Bond English. 

Those appointed with me on Pee Dee district were 
as follows : 

Lynch's Creek, John Dix. 

Little Pee Dee, John BosweU and J. H. Tradewell. 

Black River, Matthew Raiford. 

Brunswick, D. F. Christenberry and B. L. Hoskins. 

Bladen, Nicholas Ware. 

Deep River, Thomas L. Winn. 

Georgetown, NicJiolas TaUey. 

Fayetteville, Benjamin Rhodes. 

Wilmington, Samvd Dunwody. 

John Dix, John BosweU, Matthew Raiford, and 
Samuel Dunwody, I know have gone home, and, best of 
all, have gone to glory ; but as our printed minutes 
have recognized their demise, I do not here repeat what 
is already stated in relation to them. There is but 
one of the entire number at present in the field of 
effective labor, namely, the good and faithful Nicholas 
Tallcy, and for the good of the Church I could wish his 
protracted stay in " the land of the dying ;" fully be- 
lieving that when his Master calls him, he will be duly 
ripe for " the land of the living." 

In 1822, the following brethren were received on trial 



in the South Carolina Conferenco : Mark W^^stmoro* 
land, Abner P. Manly, Peyton L. Wailo, Josiah Froiv 
man, William J. Parks, Gideon Ma^on, Morgan Turrou- 
tine, John Bigby, George White, John Covington, 
Edward I. Fitzgerald, William Knight, Ilonry W, 
Ledbetter, Pevton Greares — fourteen in all. Our Ih^ 
loved William J. Parks, of tlie Georgia Conference, is 
th^ only one now in the itinerancy. 

Those with me on the Ogechee District were as fol* 
lows: 

Augusta, John Howard. 

Washington Town, Thomas Darley. 

Louisville, Christian G. Hill. 

Warren, James B. Turner and Noah Lanev. 

Little River, David Garrdtson and Joshua N. Glenn. 

Saluda, Bond English. 

Abbeville, Bamet Smith and Abner P. ]\Ianly. 

Kewee, James Dannelly. 

John Howard, Thomas Darley, C. G. Hill, and Jamos 
Dannelly, have finished tlicir course, and no doubt have 
entered into their Mastor^s joy. I know of none being 
in the work but Brother English. 

In 1823, the brethren received on trial in the South 
Carolina Conference were, Alexander F. Edwards, 
Benjamin Crane, James Tabor, Philip Groover, Inaacj 
Sewell, Samuel Sewcll, McCarroll Purifoy, Jolin Slado, 
Elisha Askew, C. Hardy, D. N. Biirklialtor, Bcuijainin 
Gaines, Sowell Petty, P. N. Maddox, N. P. Cook, S. 
B. Abbott, Adam Wyrick, G. W. Iluckalxio, Joel W. 
Townsend — ^nineteen in all. How many at proH(5iit ar(5 
in the field of effective itinerancy? Not one. Jool 
Townsend, I believe, is a superannuated mom})er of the 



266 APPENDIX. 

South Carolina Conference, and, unless he has much 
changed since I knew him, is an excellent man, a good 
preacher, and truly zealous in his Master^s cause. 

The co-workers with myself on Ogechee District 
were : 

Augusta, Lovich Pierce. 

Washington, WiUiam Kennedy, 

Waynesborough, Peyton L. Wade. 

Warren, Robert FhurTwy and Benjamin Oordon, Sup; 

Little River, James B, Turner and H. W. Ledbetter. 

Saluda, Robert L, Edwards and Abner P. Manly. 

Abbeville, Jam/es DanneUy and Elisha Askew. 

Kewee, Matthew Raiford, 

Louisville, Thxyrnxxs Darley, 

Brothers Darley, Raiford, and Dannelly, have already 
been noticed as having died in the work, and now, in 
addition to them, we have to name Robert L. Edwards, 
William Kennedy, Robert Plournoy, and Benjamin 
Gordon, as having left the walls of Zion, and gone, we 
trust, safe to glory. 

In 1824, those received on trial in the South Caro- 
lina Conference were, John C. Wright, Isaac Oslin, 
John H. Massey, Stephen Olin, John Mood, Joseph Galla- 
chat, Daniel P. Wade, Washington Mason, Reuben 
Mason, Joseph Holmes, James Stockdale, James Kitch- 
ener — twelve in all. If there be one alive, I know it 
not.* Truly may we cry, "All flesh is grass, and all 



* John Mood is still living — a devoted Christian and a zealous local 
preacher in Charleston. See '* Methodism in Charleston," by the 
Rev. Francis Asbury Mood, one of his sons, four of whom are minis- 
ters in the South Carolina Conference. — [Editor. 



APPENDIX. 257 

the goodliness thereof is as the flower of the field. 
The grass withereth, the flower fadeth ; because the 
Spirit of the Lord bloweth upon it : surely the people 
(yea, the ministry) is grass." 

The brethren appointed with me on Ogechee District 
were: 

Augusta, George SiU. 

Washington and Lexington, Lovick Pierce. 

Little River, Bdbert L. Edivards and Abner P, 
Manly. 

Warren, THrnan Snead and William Kennedy, Sup. 

Waynesborough, N. H. Rhodes. 

Saluda, James B. Turner. 

Abbeville, James Danndly and John H. Massey. 

Kewee, David Oarrettson. 

Warren and Louisville, TJiomxis Barley. 

I kilow of none of them that are now alive except 
Dr. Lovick Pierce and James B. Turner, both of the 
Georgia Conference, and both brethren beloved and 
faithful in their calling. Whilst I was associated with 
the above named brethren, I was a cripple ; and strange 
to tell that so many of my former associates, strong, 
active, and hearty, have finished their c#urso, whilst 
I, in my decrepitude, am still lingering on these mortal 
shores. But it is all right, and must be for the best. 
At the end of this Conference year I located, and thus 
remained for seven years. 



PAGE 148. 

I should have made respectful mention of the names 



258 APPENDIX. 

of these wortliy young men, who went fi'om this institute 
to labor in the vineyard of the Lord as itinerants. 

Wesley P. Arnold was about the first who took the 
field, and manfully, faithfully, and perseveringly keeps 
it to the present year, (1856,) a member of the Georgia 
Conference, beloved, and highly esteemed by the mem- 
bers of his Conference, and by the different charges 
wherever he is sent. God bless him ! and may he con- 
tinue for many years an effective laborer in the vine- 
yard! 

Tracey R. Walsh, my beloved nephew, shortly after- 
wards entered the itinerancy. He filled several import- 
ant appointments, and located at Marion village, taught 
and superintended an excellent academy in that place, 
but forgot not his sacred calling as a minister ; and when 
opportunity served, gloried in preaching " Jesus and the 
resurrection." He continued there several years. He 
loved the itinerancy, and again entered the work. He 
has been for some years appointed from his Conference 
to the Presidency of the Carolina Female College, 
where he yet remains, I trust, an humble and faithful 
servant of God and the Church. He has the prayers 
of his aged «ncle, that he may long live to be a " burn- 
ing and a shining light." 

Thomas D. Turpin was a youth of a lovely spirit, of 
deep piety, and of much zeal; plain in his attire, and 
unaffected and dignified in his manners ; universally be- 
loved by his fellow-students and citizens at large. He 
would have commenced the itinerant ministry one year 
sooner than he did, had it not been for good Bishop 
McKendreej who paid me a visit at Mount Ariel, and 
becoming well acquaiutesd m\k ^ToMJcL'et ^xa:^\si^ ^s^'^ 



APPENDIX. 259 

gested to me the proprietv of his remaininsr with me 
yet another year, and in the mean time for him to prc;\oh 
about as occasion might offer. I hinted the subject to 
Brother Turpin, and he most cordially gave in to it. 
The next year he went to work, and lalKired faitlifullv 
and effectively for some vears; but his work beinir 
done, his Master beckoned him home, and in the most 
triumphant manner he ascended to heaven. His ami- 
able wife was also a student of mine at Marion — ilij^s 
Ann Daniel. If she be vet livinsr, and should read this 
sketch of her devoted and excellent husband, let her 
also read, that her old fi'iend and teacher has not for- 
gotten her, but confidently hopes to meet her and her 
dear husband in heaven. 

There were also Francis C. Spraggins and Yardy 
Wooley, with two others whose names I have forgotten, 
all worthy and precious young men. When they lo- 
cated, and where they may have died,* I know not. I 
think I am justified in saying, I thank God that not 
one of them ever backslid ; for had it been the case, I 
should certainly have had intelligence of their unhappy 
fiette. 

Whilst residing here, I became fully acquainted with 
that good man, Allen Turner. In 1829, he was ap- 
pointed to Abbeville Circuit, within the bounds of 
which I lived. He was a plain, pointed, and honest- 
hearted Methodist preacher. He miglit then have been 
ranked with the old-school preachers ; and I have but 
little doubt that the venerable brother continues such 
to the present day ; at least, I hope he docs. Uo was 
greatly beloved, and did much good. 

* V. Wooley is still a local preacViOT m Qniw\g^^»— \^\»v^^'*.» 



i 



rff 



260 APPENDIX. 



PAGE 155. 



In taking leave of Milledgeville, Ga., in my auto- 
biography, I certainly was much in fault in not record- 
ing some truly worthy characters as members and even 
pillars of our Church. They must forgive me, and 
attribute the neglect, not to the want of due affection 
or sincere regard towards them, but alone to my state 
of health. Brother Washingtcfn, of precious memory, 
for many years housed and fed the preachers. He was 
a prominent class-leader, and active steward in the 
town. His family were also pious and devoted Chris- 
tians. One of his daughters married a travelling 
preacher, our brother Tilman Snead: she was a choice 
woman, and an exemplary member of our Church. 

Brother Thomas Stubbs can never be forgotten by 
Methodist preachers* His house was not only their 
welcome home, but he would at times conduct them to 
his store, and present them with garments already 
made, or with a sufficiency of cloth to make them. If a 
collection was to be made for Sunday-school books, a 
ten dollar bill would forthwith be handed over by him. 
His excellent wife and children exhibited the same dis^ 
position of kindness and benevolence. Such a family 
should certainly be recorded in the register of wor- 
thies by every Methodist preacher. 

There were also Brother H. Malone and pious wife, 
and her father, and Brothers Ford, Green, and Turner, 
with many others ; as also a number of females, members 
of our Church, with a Mrs. Godwin, of the Baptist Church, 
who were truly patterns of piety and ornaments to 



the Christuui name. Izd-e^ ocr C^nrv^ ^bieiv in 
1834 had a doke sec ci ztecLCt^rk :ssije ^^ :et£i&Ii^ 
and sach I hope it has <C£i;±iT2ec ro ct^. W:;h ;)b <I^v^l 
ezoeptioii. the year I spiriit tber^ v:3k^ iisir:;emq>u\itY 
happy and pleasant wi;a En-e. It is tnte tbi&t i; v;i:^ a 
year of lalxH'. pneaciiicz r^egnLarlv in tbe peniceituary 
as well as my own dLurcL. and meetirig ihe ola;^^'^ with 
holding prayer^neeting?. ere; yei my he;ilth was pre* 
a^nred, and my mind ki^t in peace. 



PAGE 166. 



Our dear brother, the Rev. John Lane, last Xovera- 
ber fell asleep^ He died by the yellow fever. Being 
80 well acquainted with Brother Lane — ^he entering the 
Confierence iqfiaL which I was connected, and travelling 
there as a preacher for some time, and then S[H>uding 
an entire year with him in his own house in Yioksburg, 
Miss., — ^I ought to know somewhat of the dear man. 
In 1814, he joined the South Carolina Conference. If 
ever there was a charge brought against him na a 
minister or professor of religion, I never heard of it : 
I know it not. One thing I do know : he stood high 
in the South Carolina Conference, and the few years 
that I was with him in the Mississippi Conference, ho 
there stood high and much beloved by the Conference. 
In 1837, when I was stationed in Vicksburg, no man, 
in Church or State, stood higher tlian ho did in tliat 
town and its vicinity. 

If his talents in the pulpit wore not of Uio mont 
brilliant order, they were novortholesH of a churaclur 



262 APPENDIX. 

that effected much good. Under his solemn and pa- 
thetic appeals, the hardened sinner has been made to 
weep and tremble: with a heavenly pathos lie has 
mingled his feelings with the penitent mourner, causing 
him to trust in the same Saviour who had shown mercy 
to the preacher ; and with his brightened eye and ele- 
vated voice, has, by presenting the exalted privileges of 
the believer to his converted hearers, not only built 
them up in their most precious faith, but also effectually 
excited them to the "pressing toward the mark for 
the prize of the high calling of God in Christ Jesus f 
yea, to the attainment of the length, and breadth, and 
depth, and height of redeeming love. 

He was truly an agreeable companion, sometimes in- 
dulging in innocent and instructive anecdote, causing 
thereby some little risibility in the company present ; 
but never to a degree of censurable hiLaxity or levity, 
to which too many are accustomed, fie was good- 
natured, yet quite firm in his purposes. I never wi^ 
nessed a better-governed family ; yet never heard him 
scold or castigate a child or servant. It was but for 
him to speak, and they to look him in the face, and 
obedience was the immediate result. His excellent 
wife was a great auxiliary to his family government. 
They both knew how to govern themselves, being pos- 
sessed of much firmness and Christian meekness. 

I recollect one morning, when she, my wife, and self 
were seated in conversation. Brother Lane walked in, 
looking uncommonly solemn, and at length remarked, 
" Sarah, we are not worth a dime 1 The law-suit has 
gone against us, and we are ruined." It was a shock 
to myself and wife, not anticipating such dolorous 



tidings : but I looked at Sister Lane, and, to my a^^ton- 
ishment, not a muscle in her face was chanvroil, nor did 
the eye alter its ^accustomed sprighiliues^, nor the 
tongue ntter one word of discontent or reflection u(xtn 
him or any one else. It was a law-suit involviuvr pn> 
perty of Mr. Tick, deceased, in the town of Vicksburg. 
But I am glad to learn that said pi'operty is at last 
gained to the heirs of Mr. Tick. 

Brother Lane, in family government, endeavored 
fully to follow up the directions of St. Paul : " Fathei*s, 
provoke not your children to wrath, but bring them up 
in the nurtiure and admonition of the Loni ;" and in 
relation to servants, ** forbearing threatening," well 
knowing that he also had "a Master in heaven.*' 
Would that all parents aiid masters wei-e thus actu- 
ated! 

Judge Lane was no ordinary man. In him were 
manifestly united uniform piety with Cliristian charity ; 
meekness and fervor, dignity and gentleness, with 
plainn^s and neatness ; yea, I might add, with nil 
the graces that dignify himaan nature. I may have 
thought too highly of him, for I candidly acknowledge 
that in my view of the appearance, etc., of the man, ho 
would have dignified the episcopal chair as well as tlio 
judge's bench or the sacred desk. But ho has gono 
jfrom us, to mingle with the blood-washed throng iu 
glory. that unworthy I may see and unite with 
him there for ever 1 And may Almighty God protect, 
bless, and finally save his widow and orphan children 1 
Amen and amen. 



264 APPENDIX. 



PAGE 170. 



Before closing my remarks in reference to Holly 
Springs, I should have affectionately recognized that 
worthy man, the Rev. German Baker, a local preacher 
residing in the village. He had for years been a 
travelling preacher of acceptability and nsefnlness in 
the Tennessee Conference ; and in Holly Springs he 
was no less acceptable and nseful. His pious walk, his 
godly conversation, his meek and lowly spirit, united 
with his ardent zeal for the cause of God and for the 
prosperity of his Church, constituted him in word and 
deed a pillar to our little Zion in that place. I boarded 
with him some time, which enabled me the more fiilly to 
ascertain his real worth. He rempved from Holly 
Springs to De Soto county ; and whenever I heard from 
him, I always heard of his fidelity, zeal, and undoubted 
piety. He may yet be living; hence I forbear any 
further remarks. 

A brother John Alexander, and his truly pious wife, 
with his excellent • son, Robert, and his amiable wife, 
laid me under many obligations to them for their kind- 
ness, attention, and affection manifested towards myself 
and wife during our stay in Holly Springs. 

I ought likewise not to pass by a Judge Haling and 
wife, a William Williams, wife, and children, a brother 
Lumpkins, wife, and children, some of whom are gone 
from Holly Springs and its vicinity to their long and, 
I trust, happy home in a better world ; yet their works 
of charity, of goodness, and piety cannot soon be for- 
^•otten by the community in which they lived, by the 
Church to which they belonged, «bsA ^«^^^\^i \ii "^^vt 



APPENDIX. 265 

unworthy pastor, who tried to serve them to the utmost 
of his ability. 

There was also at that time residing in Holly Springs 
a Dr. John Pitman, whom the Church in that place 
ought never to forget — a man of talent, piety, and 
much usefulness as a private member. I understand 
that he has removed to Memphis, and is yet alive, and, 
no doubt, remaining to the present day a worthy mem- 
ber of our Church. I can never forget his constant 
and untiring attention towards myself by day and 
night, when prostrated by an attack of congestive 
fever in Holly Springs, and all without fee or reward. 
God bless him, and abundantly reward him in a better 
world. 

I should also have mentioned the cordiality and kind- 
ness of many of my Presbyterian brethren towards me 
during my stay in that place. Indeed, I never at any 
place witnessed more harmony between Methodists and 
Presbyterians than I did there. I hope it thus con- 
iinues to the present day. I would here enter my 
Bolenm protest against bigotry. It is shocking to see 
Christian Churches " biting and devouring each other" 
on account of some non-essential discrepancies. It 
argues a want of that Christian charity or love so 
necessary to final salvation, namely, the charity that 
"Bufifereth long, and is kind; that envieth not; that 
vaunteth not itself; that is not puffed up; that does 
not behave itself unsfeemly ; that seeketh not her own ; 
is not easily provoked ; that thinketh no evil ; rejoiceth 
not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth ; that beareth 
all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endur- 
etb all tbinga ; yea, that chanty \Sfta.\i TkS^^ii ^^\\aik " 
12 



266 APPENDIX. 

Forget not, that where the above-mentioned character- 
istics of Christian charity were wanting, we are but 
" sounding brass and a tinkling cymbaL" 



PAGE 171. 

Not for the want of due aflfection and of sincere 
regard was the name of our highly esteemed brother, 
Paul Palmer, neglected in my few remarks in relation 
to Sommerville. He did not at that time live in the 
village, but had his membership there, and was one of 
our active and faithful stewards. Pew men ever ex- 
celled him in that office. Punctuality, fidelity, and 
untiring perseverance were prominent traits in the 
character of our dear Brother Palmer; and if yet alive, 
I have no reason to doubt are still daily manifested by 
him. He was truly a worthy member of our Church, 
and as such, should be recognized by us ; as so, also, 
his very pious and amiable wife. I dearly esteemed 
them both, not only as warm friends, but especially as 
exemplary and pious members of my charge in Sonmier^ 
ville. I anticipate the unspeakable pleasure of meeting 
them both in heaven ; yea, and their interesting children 
also. In the vicinity of Sommerville I shall never for- 
get the attention and kindness of the aged Brother 
Littlejohn and family, a Burrill Pattison and excellent 
wife, a Colonel Henderson and his worthy wife, of the 
Presbyterian Church ; as also many other members of 
the said Church in the village of Sommerville. Should 
I never meet them on earth, may the good Lord grant 



APPENDIX. 267 

US to have a imion together in the Church triumph- 
ant, 

*< Where death shall aU be done awaj, 
And bodies part no more." 



PAGE 176. 

My much esteemed friend, Hugh McGehee, a few 
months ago departed this life, I hope, for the unin- 
terrupted enjoyments of immortality and eternal life. 
Brother McGehee was a very modest, unassuming man 
— a man of but few words, except with some particular 
and intimate friend. In his religious career he was noise- 
less ; yet I presume few, if any, were more exemplary 
in their general deportment than was Hugh McGehee. 
He was wealthy; but his wealth by no means rendered 
him vain, or proud, or aristocratic. I was a frequent 
visitor at his house, and I do not recollect a solitary 
instance in family worship at night but that he had his 
slaves called into the parlor to join in family worship. 
He was charitable to the poor ; and never did I know 
him refusing aid to any religious or benevolent enter- 
prize. He was, nevertheless, economical in all his 
temporalities, and generally conferred his donations 
with advisedness. Notwithstanding he was a man of 
few words, yet he possessed an uncommon share of good 
common sense. He was a warm friend ; but his know- 
ledge of human nature enabled him to select only such 
as he thought worthy of his confidence and esteem. He 
was the enemy of no man. I recollect but one solitary 
instance, with all my intercourse with him, that I ever 



268 APPENDIX. 

heard him speak disrespectfully of any hnman being. 
Several of his dear children are dead and gone before 
him : the others now living, I trust, are trying to get to 
heaven. May the entire family be found at God's right 
handl 

PAGE 190. 

Our dear brother Edward P. Gibbs is no more. 
Last autumn he fell a victim to the yellow fever in 
Vicksburg, to which place he had removed two years pre- 
vious to his death. But he died resigned, and in full 
and certain hope of future happiness through the blood 
of atonement. I had received a well-written and long 
letter from him some' months before his demise, in which 
he expressed his hope, and only hope, in the merits of 
his blessed Saviour, with the ardent desire of attaining 
to the full enjoyment of Christian perfection. As he 
has left us, to mingle with the redeemed above, I can 
write more freely in relation to this good and worthy 
brother. He was piously trained ; and at an early 
period of life he embraced religion, and joined the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. His fidelity, his zeal, and 
godly walk, soon brought him into notice. He waB ap- 
pointed class-leader and steward, and by many of good 
judgment believed to be well qualified for the ministry; 
but to this he demurred, from a consciousness of his 
unworthiness and want of talent. He married an ami- 
able young lady, and engaged in merchandise ; but, like 
many others, not successfully. On his removal to 
Vicksburg he again embarked in the same calling, and, 
to all appearances, was bidding fair to prosper. His 



APPXXDIX. 

HeaTenlv Father saw best to call him homo. Hi? los? 

m 

to the class, to the QuarterlT Conference, bnt especially 
to the Sunday-schooL viil be deeply felt, lie was 
universaUy beloved. Bland and affectionate in his 
manners, dignified and honorable in all his intercourse 
with his fellow-creatnres, he was ereatlv esteemed and 
respected. 

In penning these few remarks in relation to our 
esteemed young brother, Edward F. Gibbs, my mind 
reverts to two of his trulT worthy uncles, dead and 
gone, namely, the Rct. Henry T. Fitzgerald and tho 
Bev. Edward I. Fitzgerald. These two brothers were 
for a short time itinerant preachers. 

Henry T. was receired on trial in the South Caro- 
lina Conference in 1818, and appointed to Littlo River 
Circuit; and such were his talents and piety, that in 
1819 he was stationed in Charleston, with the Rev. 
Lewis Myers. As a preacher, a pastor, a gentleman, 
and a Christian, he was becoming duly appreciated, 
and brightening prospects of his usefulness were daily 
increasing, and many were prognosticating his future 
greatness, when he was seized with yellow fever, and 
passed away in triumph from earth to heaven. 

He was from childhood moral and orderly in his 
conduct. As he grew up, he carefully avoided every 
species of profanity and outbreaking wickedness. At 
school he was studious and industrious, and l)e(»,anie tho 
favorite of all his schoolmates. He carefully culti- 
vated a spirit of urbanity, affection, and mildness. At 
an early period of life, he found the pearl of great 
price. He felt it his duty to preach, conferred not with 
flesh and blood, entered the itinerant ministry, and went 



270 APPENDIX. 

to the place appointed him by the proper authorities. 
The pale horse of death is prancing through the streets 
of Charleston. Many of the hoary-headed clergy are 
fleeing in dread of his approach. Young Henry, and 
his aged and truly faithful senior, Lewis Myers, re- 
main at their posts, in discharge of duty, regardless of 
consequences. No doubt he received the plaudit of his 
Divine Master, " Well done, good and faithful servant." 
I knew Brother H. T. Fitzgerald, and knew him only 
to love him, as a lovely, gifted, and pious youth. 

His brother, Edward I. Fitzgerald, was admitted on 
trial in the travelling connection. South Carolina Con- 
ference, in the year 1822, and was appointed to Cooper 
River Circuit. Possessing talents of more than ordi- 
nary character for one of his age, and of unquestion- 
able piety, in 1823 he was stationed in Savannah, with 
James 0. Andrew, (now Bishop.) He labored on for 
some time with acceptability and considerable promise 
of usefulness; when he was suddenly attacked with 
mental derangement, and had to abandon his work. 
At the next Conference he was dropped, not for any 
moral defect, but solely on the account of his aberra- 
tion of mind. After a while he was restored, and ap- 
peared to be blessed with a well-balanced mind. He 
preached with zeal and usefulness as a local preacher — 
married, and had quite a family ; (however, I know of 
but three children now living.) For years he remains 
undisturbed in mind — ^holy, zealous, and much engaged 
in preaching, as a local preacher, in Grenada ancL its 
vicinity. His theme by day and night was holiness, 
his walk perfectly corresponding with his profession. 
Butj strange to tell\ lie^«b^ ^u^^va. ^YL^^VOa. ^^s^s^ 



APPENDIX. 271 

derangement of mind, was taken to the lunatic asylum, 
and, after staying there a few weeks, death kindly re- 
leased him from his melancholy confinement. The day 
of judgment alone can and will justify the ways of 
Gk)d to man. To us it is strange tliat such as a Robert 
Hall, of England, a Dr. Daniel Hall, of the Virginia 
Conference, and an Edward I. Fitzgerald, of Grenada, 
Mississippi, should ever become the subjects of insanity 
— all three, great and good men, and, when in their 
right minds, burning and shining lights in the pulpit. 
We can assign no satisfactory cause for such dispensa- 
tions of Providence ; for 

"Blind unbelief is sure to err, 
And scan his ^ork in vain : 
God is his own interpreter, 
And he will make it plain." 



PAGE 192. 



The physician alluded to was E. W. Hughes, tlio 
son-in-law of my old friends, John and Margaret Gibbs. 
Dr. Hughes is also a member of our Church, and 
acknowledged on all hands to be a first-rate and skilful 
physician. I was made to feel the deep interest he took 
in my case ; for about the first thing that I took notice 
of upon the return of my consciousness was the good 
doctor's looks, when he stepped into my room, and found 
out that I knew him. Addressing me in his afifectionate 
manner, his very eyes apparently dancing for joy, he 
gave me first to understand the length of time I had 
remadned in a state of uncon&cio\]i&\i*es& namely^ eight 



272 APPENDIX. 

days. I could scarcely believe the good doctor's asser- 
tion, feeling no pain, hunger, or thirst, but quite calm 
and composed ; however, in attempting to move on my 
bed, I quickly perceived that I was by no means as well 
oflF as I thought myself to be. I would here record the 
attention and kindness, of him, his dear mother-in-law 
and her husband, Brother and Sister Gibbs, as also my 
own brother and sister-in-law, G. A. swid Sarah Graves, 
both of whom are worthy of my best and warmest re- 
gards, with many other of my kind neighbors, who on 
this occasion evinced their deep concern in my behalf. 
A James N. Barnard, a B. Latham, a Jacob Keon, and 
an Abner Ely, a James McKelpin, with a Richard 
Nason, Sen., all brought me under lasting obligations 
to them for their untiring eflforts to aid and comfort me 
in this hour of affliction. Some of the foregoing 
are Methodists, others Presbyterians, and one Baptist. 
Yet the pleasing thought radiates through my inmost 
soul, we may, can, and I hope will, all mingle together 
in heaven. 



PAGE 218. 



Among the list of local preachers that I have men- 
tioned as having been once itinerants, and justly merit- 
ing the appellation of " fathers or pioneers of Southern 
Methodism," the name of Llewellin Evans should by no 
means be passed over without notice. With this be- 
loved man I was well acquainted. It is true that he 
did not rank among those called great and eloquent ; 
yet very few in the miniatty ^u'sVaAikfc^ ^\i. <^^^\.^ '^r>5^ 



APPENDIX. 273 

him for sweetness of temper, for urbanity of manners, 
for universal and nndoubted piety, at home or abroad, 
in the pulpit, in the social and family circle, in the 
mixed crowd at the court-house, or at the ballot-box : 
be he where he might, he was the same uniform and 
exemplary man of God. Indeed, his very looks were 
loud preaching. I literally loved to look at him, for in 
BO doing I could not help feeling that I was gazing 
upon a saint, a child of God, an heir of immortality 
and eternal life ; and I could plainly see depicted 
in his countenance the visage of my Lord and 
Master. The gay, the giddy, the thoughtless, and the 
profane, were awed into reverence at his approach. He 
brought up a large family, all of whom are not only 
respectable, but pious and worthy members of the M. E. 
Church, South. Three of his sons are ministers of the 
gospel — one a local preacher, and two itinerants in the 
Georgia Conference. James E. Evans, favorably 
known, and justly recognized as one of our excellent 
and highly-esteemed ministers of the Georgia Confer- 
ence, is a son of the venerable father whose name and 
virtues we are here recording. 

I addressed a few lines to his son, James E. Evans, 
now stationed in Macon, Georgia Conference, (1856,) to 
give me some particulars in relation to his sainted 
father, of which I was ignorant, viz., his birth, death, 
etc., which letter in relation to his father I will take 
the liberty of transcribing: 

" My dear father was bom in Virginia, in 1771. His 
&ther moved to South Carolina while my father was 
^^ gnite a child, where my father lived until he joined the 
12* 



274 APPENDIX. 

travelling connection. He married my mother, Miss 
Mary Harris, of Harrisburg, Ga., at the close of his 
seventh year in the itinerancy, at which time he located. 
He continued a local preacher until he died, in 1842, 
in the seventy-first year of his age. He was one of 
the most scrupulously honest men I ever knew, and a 
most spiritually devoted Christian, and a zealous, use- 
ful minister of the gospel. He died in great peace, 
exhorting all around him to be faithful, and to meet 
him in heaven. It is proper to note that aU through 
life he seemed to have a natural horror of the dying 
struggle, when soul and body should be parting. The 
poet well expresses it, when he says, 

' The pains, the groans, the dying strife 
Fright onr approaching souls away ; 
And we shrink back again to Ufe, 
Fond of our prison and our clay.* 

He would often say, *I have no dread beyond the 
grave, but 0, the dying struggle I' Such were his 
views and feelings whilst living, even when in health. 
But God was better to him than all his fears. When 
he came to die, he passed away so gently, like unto one 
falling asleep, that my brother sitting by him did not 
know the moment when he breathed his last. 

" He left my mother and eight children, six sons and 
two daughters, to mourn his loss. My mother is dead, 
and the youngest child ; but six sons and my eldest 
sister still live. Three of the sons are ministers : two 
in the Georgia Conference, and one local. All the 
children are in the Church. He laid great stress upon 
bringing up his children ' in the way they should go.' 
And we are now reaping the fruit." 



APPENDIX. 275 

The reader may rest assured that there is nothing 
exaggeratory in this letter from his excellent son. 
Never, no, never, should he be forgotten ; but eontinu* 
ally presented to the minds of both olei-gv and laity, as 
a worthy sample to imitate. It might be Si\tisfactory 
to his numerous friends to know the particular fields 
of labor assigned to our dear Brother Evans when itin- 
erating. The first mention of his name is in 1797, 
when he was appointed to Franklin Circuit ; 1798, 
Newbem ; 1799, Union ; 1800, Edisto, at the end of 
which Conference year he located. But in 1802, he re- 
entered the itinerancy, and was stationed in George- 
town; 1803, Edisto and Orangeburg; at the end of 
which year he again located, not of clioice, but of 
necessity. There is some discrepancy between his son's 
letter to me and the bound minutes : in 1797, he is put 
down with those remaining on trial ; yet in 1796 there 
is no mention of his name among those who were ad- 
mitted on trial ; neither does he in that year have any 
work assigned him, yet the next year, 1797, he is con- 
tinued on trial ; so that I think his son is correct in 
stating that he located in his seventh year of itiner- 
ancy. But be that as it may, one thing we are now 
assured of, viz., that he has finally located in heaven, 
glory be to God 1 

We might say much more in relation to this worthy 
pioneer of Southern Methodism ; but I consider it need- 
less ; for in his lifetime he was known and road of all 
men, and in his death he proved the truths of the doc- 
trines he had been preaching for forty-five years. 
Could the curtain be drawn aside, and we have a full 
view of his present condition, we should no doubt be- 



276 APPENDIX. 

hold him highly exalted in glory. May his mantle fall 
on his three beloved sons in the ministry ; and may the 
family who were so harmonious on earth, be all united 
in heaven. 

Having again introduced my sketches of local preach- 
ers, I have thought best to redeem my promise made in 
my autobiography, page 126, in reference to the Rev. 
Hope Hull, " to give the history of his itinerant minis- 
try from the commencement until his location." It may 
aflford satisfaction to his relations and many friends 
who may not know the places where this eminent minis- 
ter labored in the early days of Methodism in the South. 
As to his birth, parentage, and the time of his death, I 
myself am entirely ignorant. I wish it were otherwise. 
He is, indeed, worthy of some biographical pen far supe- 
rior to mine. I hope that such a one may yet be found. 

He was admitted on trial in the travelling connec- 
tion in 1785, and appointed to Salisbury Circuit ; in 
1786 to Pee Dee Circuit ; in 1787 to Amelia Circuit ; 
p 1788 to Washington Circuit ; in 1789 to Burke Cir- 
cuit; in 1790 stationed in Savannah; in 1791 to Burke 
Circuit; in 1792 stationed in Hartford, (North;) in 
1793 Savannah, (again ;) in 1794 his name is registered 
in the catalogue of elders, but not in any station or 
circuit, (I presume by mistake,) but at the end of that 
year he located. However, his name again appears on 
the minutes for 1797, and he is stationed in Augusta. 
This was his last appointment from Conference. Hav- 
ing travelled ten or twelve years, faithful in his calling, 
and successful in his pious efforts, he finally located, no 
doubt upon justifiable grounds, and endeavored to 
reconcile it to himself in doing all he could for God, 



APPENDIX. 277 

and the Church in a local sphere. And, truly, in that 
field of action, he was mighty in word and doctrine. 
What was said of Barnabas, may have been said of 
him : " For he was a good man, full of the Holy Ghost 
and of faith." 

He naturally possessed a turn for repartee, but 
seldom indulged therein, except when palpable good 
might be the result. I understood that at a certain 
time, a man accompanied by two or three others met 
him in the road. One of them, considerably inebriated, 
apparently glad to see him, says, " Brother Hull, you 
are the very man that converted my soul at such a 
time." "Ah !" says Mr. Hull, " it looks like some of 
my work ; if God had converted you, in all probability, 
you would not have been drunk to-day." 

At another time, he and a Calvinistic minister wore 
walking in an orchard together. The Calvinistic 
brother was arguing very strongly on God's decreeing 
whatever comes to pass ; and holding up a peach that 
he had in his hand, added, " I believe that from all 
eternity God decreed that I should eat this peach to- 
day;" and when about putting it to his mouth, Mr. 
Hull remarked, " I believe that I will break that de- 
cree," and snatched it out of his hands and ate it him- 
self, much to the confusion of his friend. 

It is also said of him, that when quite a young 
preacher, he stopped at a tavern, where he was not 
known. There was a dance to be in the house that 
night. When the people collected, the man of the house 
remarked that a good-looking, well-dressed young man 
was there, and it would be no more than polite in them 
to request him to open the dance. The request was 



278 APPENDIX. 

made ; to which Mr. Hull replied, if they wotdd permit 
him to open it in accordance with his own views, he 
would do so. Not suspecting him to be a clergyman, 
they readily complied. He asked to be introduced to 
the one whom they designed for his partner. This 
being done, she took his arm, and they walked into the 
room where the dancers, fiddler, etc., were waiting. 
Mr. Hull bowed to the company, and said, "As you 
have been so polite aa. to request me to open the ball, 
I must state to the ladies and gentlemen present, 
that I never engage in any enterprise whatever 
without asking the blessing of Q-od upon it. Now,'* 
says he, " you will all be so good as to unite with me 
in prayer. Let us kneel down and pray." Holding the 
young lady by the hand, he prayed one of his energetic 
prayers, loud and long. The company, astounded, 
and several conscience-smitten, dispersed without any 
dancing that night. 

I give these anecdotes in. substance as stated to me. 
Whether true or not, one thing is certain, Mr. Hull's 
motto was, to do all things to the glory of God ; and 
to this point he devoted all his talents, wit, learning, 
eloquence, wealth, and influence. 

I was acquainted with only one of his children, 
namely, Asbury Hull, and had only to be acquainted 
with him in order to love and highly esteem him. K 
he was a sample of the rest, it was truly an amiable 
family. May they all, with their pious fether, have an 
abundant entrance into the kingdom of glory I 

Considerable regret has been expressed to me that 
I had said no more in relation to the Rev. James 
Russell. As what was written by Dr. Olin and others, 



in reSareace to him. is aoc even in pamplxlec tbrm^ 
hftTing been miereiv pabiisiieii in oae of our JLdvi.vatei> : 
and as he had. a large aoqiiaincanoe. ;iiid a uuuioer ol: 
vamL &iiaid& I have conclxiiiied to oJ&r to the ri.'ud^r 
of tius work some remarks concerning him. I am 
sorrr that I have not Dr. Olins Memoirs: bat I will 
do the best I can hj the aid of the printed miiiute:>« 

He was admitted on trial in the travelliug couuoc^ 
tion in 1805^ and appointed to Bladen Circuit « with 
Lewis Mtcts and John Porter: in lSi.H> Great l\v 
Dee Circuit; in ISOT Sparta Circuit* with the veueni^« 
ble Je^e Lee and J. Porter : in ISOS Appalachee Cir- 
cuit; in 1809 Little Riyer Circuit: iu 1^10 Little 
Eiver Circuit; in 1811 LouisTille Circuit: in ISlw, 
1813, and 1814, he was stationed in Savauuah« Gevn^ia, 
At the end of 1814 he located. Wheu ho ^veut to 
Savannah he found but three white and two iH>IortHi 
members in our Church : that year ho retm'uod twouty- 
soT^i whites and twenty-five colored ; the next vear lio 
returned thirty whites and thirty-five eoloi^ed. It wrtji 
truly difficult for our Church to get foothold iu Savan- 
nah, and required much faith and persovemneo. In 
1807 our beloved Brother Samuel Dunwody was stutionod 
there, and returned but five whites and nine ooK>rtHl, 
In 1808 the great and good James H. Mollard was u|>- 
pointed there, and returned but four whites antl Ht>von 
colored. In 1809 and 1810 John McVeau was statioiuMl 
there, and returned but nine whites and Hovon (•oh>rtMl 
for the two years. This was ti'uly dirtconra^ing, and I 
suspect that none but Methodists would have liold ou. 

Let us now turn to the minutes of 1851) and iHC^iS, 
and bdiold what great things the Lord hatli done fur 



280 APPENDIX. 

US, even in Savannah : the number now is five hundred 
and seventy-four whites and three hundred and sixty-six 
colored, and five local preachers, besides the hundreds 
of whites and colored that through our instrumentality 
have reached the blessed shore of eternal life. — ^But to 
return to James Russell. 

He was born in North Carolina — ^what county I know 
not, neither the year of his birth, but should surmise it 
to be about A. D. 1782. It was not long after his con- 
version that he felt it impressed upon him to call 
sinners to repentance. Conscious of his own incapaci- 
ty, he threw himself entirely upon God for aid and 
success; hence he was a man of much prayer. He 
started, with Bible, hymn-book, Discipline, and spelling- 
book, " not knowing whither he went." He spelled his 
lessons, read his hymns, Bible, and Discipline, as well 
as he could ; prayed effectually, trusted implicitly in 
his God, preached with zeal and power, and before 
twelve months expired, many hundreds were happily 
converted to God through his instrumentality. His 
fame spread from Dan to Beersheba; the trooping 
multitudes flocked to hear him. Captains, majors, 
generals, doctors, lawyers, judges, professors, and philo- 
sophers, commingled in the crowd, and often with the 
common people were seen weeping, yea, trembling, 
and, finally, falling at the foot of the cross, loudly cry- 
ing for mercy. The State of Georgia was particularly 
blessed by his zealous and pious labors, and it was in 
that part of the country that many of the rich and 
great were brought home to God under his ministry. 
I have much doubted the propriety of his ever being 
sent to Savannah. A circuit or a district would have 



APPENDIX. 281 

been a field of operation much more congenial with his 
feelings, and I think much more adapted to his talents 
for usefulness. But as I have said of other brethren, so 
I say of him, " that he had never located I" But 
he did locate ; and the next unfortunate step he took 
was to engage in merchandise. For a few years he 
was doing well upon a moderate scale of business, and 
had he been content to " let well enough alone," he 
might have avoided much trouble and much loss. But 
his motto through life had been " go ahead," and so in 
the mercantile line he felt disposed to enlarge his 
borders. And being by nature too confiding, and 
viewing almost everybody as honest as himself, he 
ultimately fell a prey to a sharper who took advantage 
of his goodness, and at once plunged him into temporal 
rain, and, I might add, extreme want. I met with him 
in this forlorn situation ; but am glad to state found 
him cheerful, resigned, and happy in the Lord. I be- 
lieve that God wanted to save Brother Russell, and he 
might have foreseen that much worldly prosperity 
would have proven his downfall. How few lay it to 
heart, " that they that will be rich fall into temptation, 
and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, 
which drown men in destruction and perdition," and that 
** the love of money is the root of all evil ;" and how " hard 
it is for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of heaven." 
And how few consider the converse, " Hearken, my be- 
loved brethren : hath not God chosen the poor of this 
world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which lie 
hath promised to them that love him ?" This was em- 
phatically the character of our dear Brother Russell for 
the remainder of his life. 



282 APPENDIX. 

It may be asked, In what did his greatness consist T 
wherein did his moral strength lie ? I know not that I 
shall be able to satisfy the inquirer. Mr. Russell wa« 
of medium size, gray eyes and black hair, athletic, and 
of quick motion. He had two prominent cha^acte^ 
istics of an orator, viz., a large mouth and a voluble 
tongue. To me there was nothing remarkable in his 
countenance. Had I met him on the way, not knowing 
who he was, I should have passed him by as a common 
man, of no extraordinary powers of either body or 
mind. It was in the pulpit, and in the pulpit alone, 
that the extraordinary was exhibited. The pulpit was 
his strong forte ; and there, with fluency of language, 
(generally grammatical and chaste,) with fervency of 
spirit, with an uncommon degree of heavenly zeal, ajid 
with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven, the tall 
son of Anak, the thoughtless youth, the gray-headed 
sinner, and the scholastic infidel, were made to bow 
and to acknowledge the power of God under his 
preaching. He was at times quite figurative ; and his 
figures, though not of classic character, were neverthe- 
less very appropriate, and truly interesting ; and the 
more so on account of their originality. He appeared 
to be perfectly original in what is termed the skeleton 
of a sermon, and in his voice and manner an imitator of 
no one. In the early part of his ministry he was 
rather vociferous at times ; but as he became older, he 
also became more moderate, without any apparent loss 
of holy zeal or Christian fervor. I know it cannot 
be viewed as any invidiousness in me to say that during 
the itinerancy of James Russell, he did more good than 
any other man of Ma day a^vSi \AH\a m ^Jsi^'^wii^^^Nc^ 



Kna Conference* BBs good naturtil abLLiues. his depth 
of piety, (for he proteseed the wicuess? of <a.aotiticutiou,) 
his undoobted call to the nmIL^trv. with the dailv veritx- 
cation of the promise of his Lord and Master, *' Lo, I 
am with you,^ will account for his unparalleled success, 

I was intimately acquainted with brother Kuss^'ll 
whilst he was itinerating, when locaL when in prosper- 
ity, and when in deep adversity ; and in all the changes 
he was called to pass through, I still found him the 
same hmnble, prayerful, and holy man of God. I think 
it was about the year 1S2S or 1S29, that he closevi his 
earthly career, and bid adieu to all the sorix»ws of life, 
at the house of his warm and undeviating friend, Doctor 
Moon, a local preacher of Union District, South Caro- 
lina. On his dying-pillow he was triumphant, and left 
the heart-cheering testimony to his friends and i^lativos 
that he was going safe to heaven ; and there he has, no 
doubt, already happily united with hundi^eds whom he 
was made the happy instrument of bringing home to 
God, and who will be as stars in his crown of rejoicing, 
world without end. 

I intended to say more in relation to tbat faithful 
and indefatigable servant of God and the Church, 
Thomas Humphries, but did not, owing to causes already 
mentioned. I will now, for the satisfaction of his many 
friends and relatives, state the fields of labor to wliicli lie 
was appointed during his itinerancy. 

He was received on trial in the travelling couiioction 

A. D. 1783, and appointed to Berkley Circuit ; iu 17H4. 

Guilford Circuit; in 1785, Tar River Circuit ; la 178(J, 

Georgia Circuit, (including the entire State ;) iji 1787, 

Augasta, Ga. ; in 1788, Pec Doo Circuit 5 iu 1789, Little 



284 APPENDIX. 

Pee Dee Circuit ; in 1790, Georgetown, S. C. : in 1791, 
1792, 1793, 1 presume he was supernumerary or super- 
annuated — ^the Minutes of those days have no such 
questions — ^but in 1794 he is returned on tiie Minutes 
located. In 1797 he reentered the itinerancy, and was 
appointed presiding elder, his district embracing Little 
Pee Dee, Anson, Great Pee Dee, and Bladen; having as 
coadjutors James Douthet, John Russell, James Patter- 
son, John Floyd, Christopher S. Mooring, and Moses 
Black. In 1798 he was appointed to Little Pee Dee 
Circuit ; and at the termination of this Conference 
year he finally located — ^I never heard him say, but I 
presume, more through weakness of body than through 
family concerns. Although he was sprightly even in old 
age, yet he by no means possessed a robust frame or 
healthful constitution. Let the younger preachers of 
the present age, when travelling over those fields of 
labor, recollect that before they were born, the tears, 
and sweat, and prayers of the sainted Thomas Humph- 
ries were mellowing the soil, and the gospel plough — 
to which he had put his hand, never to look back — was 
breaking up the fallow-ground for them to reap an 
abundant and easy harvest. How thankful should our 
younger itinerants be for living in this day and time I 

Some were disposed to blame father Humphries for, 
as they said it, " making people laugh under preaching." 
It is true, he had a considerable faculty of humor about 
him, but never used it in the pulpit for the sole purpose 
of "courting a grin, when he should have wooed a 
soul :" no, it was only used to wake up attention to 
something important that he was about to introduce. 
I will give a sample. On ^ Q,e;t\alva. ^xjto:^ '^sii^'si.^^^^ 



APPENDIX. 285 

house densely crowded — several outside — the good old 
man was preaching : the spirit of dormancy was seiz- 
ing a goodly number : some two or three outside were 
in conversation. The preacher turns round towards 
them, and, with a pretty loud voice, says, "I would 
thank those gentlemen outside of the church not to 
talk quite so loud, or they will wake up the people in 
the house." Well, it had the desired eflfect: silence 
outside, and a waking up inside of the Church. True, 
for a moment it created a smile upon many. They 
admired the ingenuity of the preacher in so happily 
killing " two birds with one stone ;" and father Humph- 
ries now had the attention of the pQople en masse; and 
good use he made of it, by bringing home to their con- 
sciences truths calculated to search their hearts, or, 
warm as the day was, to cause the blood to run cold in 
their veins. He was none of your daubers with un- 
tempered mortar ; neither was he ever known to " cry 
Peace, peace," when " God had not spoken peace." Yet 
at the same time he was well calculated to build up 
believers in their most holy faith, and successfully to 
point the frembling penitent to the blood of atonement. 
Indeed, he well knew how to give to all their meat in 
due season; and he himself was always "instant in 
season, out of season ; reproving, rebuking, and exhort- 
ing with all long-sufiFering and doctrine." But long 
since he went home, and truly may we say, 

<<The good old man is gone 1 

He is gone to his saintly rest, 
Where no sorrow can be known, 

And no trouble can molest ; 
Por his crown of life is won, 

And the dead in ChnBt axe \A««&«dL\ 



286 APPENDIX. 

« The wise old man is gone ! 

He lies in his saintly rest. 
And his labors all are done, 

And the work that he loved the best. 
The brave old man is gone, 

Bat the dead in Christ are blessed !" 



ON APOSTASY. 



In my short address to my friends and old acquaint- 
ances at large, I entirely neglected to call their atten- 
tion to this all-important subject. I admit that it is a 
mooted question with some Churches, but not with the 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, whom I 
addressed, and to whom in this Appendix I continue my 
address. Hence I need not quote a multiplicity of 
texts to prove a doctrine that you all concede to be 
true, and to be most plainly proven from the sacred 
Scriptures, both in the Old and in the New Testaments. 
Would to God that our argument to prove the truth of 
the doctrine were confined to the letter of the text! 
Alas I too many living and palpable facts go to prove 
its authenticity. How many in our own Church, as 
well as in other Churches, that once bade fair for the 
kingdom of heaven, have tired in their pious efforts, 
and by degrees have gone back to the world and to the 
service of the wicked one I 

It seldom happens that any one suddenly apostatizes 
jfrom God. Apostasy is generally gradual. Men first 
become backsliders in heart. Hence it is that the Holy 

(287) 



288 APPENDIX. 

Ghost by St. Paul says, " Take heed, brethren, lest there 
be in any of yon an eyU heart of nnbeUef in departing 
from the living God. But exhort one another daily 
while it is called To-day, lest any of you be hardened 
through the deceitfulness of sin. For we are made par- 
takers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confi- 
dence steadfast unto the end." Heb. iii.12-14. The heart I 
yes, the heart, as described by our Lord : " For from 
within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, 
adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, covetousness, 
wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, 
pride, foolishness." Mark vii. 21, 22. Our Lord further 
adds, "that out of the abundance of the heart the 
mouth speaketh." Matt. xii. 34. The prophet Jeremiah, 
xvii; 5, 9, says : " Thus saith the Lord : Cursed is ihe 
man that trustel^ in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and 
whose heart departeth from the Lord." " The heart la 
deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked : who 
can know it?" Well might the Divine command be 
given, " Keep thy heart with all diligence, for out of it 
are the issues of life," Prov. iv. 23 ; or, as it might be 
translated, " Keep thy heart above all keeping ;" i. c, 
with a greater concern and watchfulness than any other 
deposit whatever. Gold, silver, land, honors, and even 
life itself, are not to be so strictly watched, cared for, 
guarded, and protected — " for out of it are the issues 
of life." " The heart is the seat of the Lord of life 
and glory ; and the streams of spiritual life proceed 
from him to all the powers and faculties of the soul. 
Watch with all diligence that this fountain be not 
sealed up, nor these streams of life be cut off. Look 
inward — ^look onward — ^look upward." — ^Dr. A. Clarke, 



AFFKXDIX. 289 

fit loc. I would adcL Look all alx^nt toq. on tho ri^ht 
and on the left and keq> lookinir. O! this trt^achoxxni^ 
unbdieTing heart! how pnone **io dopdurt from tli^ 
liTmg Ciod !" 

It was said isS the ancient Israelites that " thoir heart 
was not light in the sight of GvhI. neither were they 
steadfast in his covenant,*' Ps. Ixxviii. 37. Would to 
God that this lamentable charge were alone applicable 
to the ancient Jews ! But I fear tliat hundreds, if not 
thotffiands, of onr Israel may be classed in the same 
cat^ory. Their hearts not being right in the sight of 
the Lord, they do not continue steadfast in his covenants 
If the heart be not kept with all diligence, evil 
thoughts and evil affections will necessarily t^ke place. 
Omr every thought should be guarded ; for ** the thought 
of foolishness is sin." Prov. xxiv. 9. True, we cannot 
at all times help our thoughts, for *' thought will 
intrude;" yet we can and must use all diligence in 
repelling evil thoughts. As a certain writer remarks, 
"We cannot keep the birds from flnng over our heads, 
but we may prevent their building nests in our hair." 
The prophet Jeremiah cries out, ** Jerusalem, wash 
thine heart from wickedness, that thou mayest bo saved 1 
how long shall thy vain thoughts lodge within thee?" 
He does not say, How long shall thy vain tlioughts pxss 
through thy mind? but it is the lodgment, tlie indul- 
gence of those thoughts in the heart that called forth 
this pathetic apostrophe from the weeping prophet. 

The injecting of a wicked thought by Satan in the 

mind of a godly man is no sin to him if he does not 

yield to it. But be you assured, dear reader, that the 

very first step to apostasy is the reception of evil 

18 



290 APPENDIX. 

ihouglits of any kind or description in the heart, A 
wicked thought, engendering anger, lust, or pride, or 
any such like passion, " being conceived, it bringeth 
forth sin ; and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth 
death." James i. 15. This being the dolorous and 
awful effect of evil thoughts, should we not, with the 
Psalmist, exclaim, " I hate vain thoughts ?" Psalm cxix. 
113; and again, with him pray, "Let the words of 
my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be accept- 
able in thy sight, Lord, my Strength and my Re- 
deemer?" Psalm xix. 14. Forget not the declaration 
of our Lord previously quoted, that " out of the abun- 
dance of the heart the mouth speaketh." Let but the 
heart become replete with the evil thoughts of preju- 
dice, and forthwith out of the mouth floweth a torrent 
of " angry, rough, and harsh expressions ;" and well if 
there be no mixture of profane language in the un- 
comely and filthy stream. Permit but the evil thoughts 
of pride to occupy the heart, and the mouth will quickly 
be found speaking forth " great swelling words." 

Permit me to impress your minds with this solemn 
truth, " Thou God seest me." There is a pen up yonder 
recording every idle word you utter, every act that you 
do, yea, every thought that you nourish or indulge in 
your heart. The Psalmist exclaims, " Lord, thou 
hast searched me and known me : thou knowest my 
down-sitting and mine uprising : thou understandest 
my thought afar off." Hence, with him let us sincerely 
pray, " Search me, God, and know my heart : try me, 
and know my thoughts ; and see if there be any wicked 
iraj in me, and lead me m the way everlasting." Bear 
in mind the declaxatvon o^ wxt \kQt<^^^^\»» ^* '^^^ 



** But I sav unto tou. that evorr idle word that men 
shall speak, they shall give an account thorvx>f in the 
day of judgment.-' How should we euanl« and strive, 
and '"" watch, and pray that we fall not into temptation !** 
By prayer and iaith we can foil the adversary; but in 
so doing, be careful to 

*' LeaT« no VB^amled plae«« 
No weakness of the sonl : 
Take erery Tirtue, every grace. 
And fortify the whole." 

My good and beloved friends will not take amiss 
some further remarks in relation to a manifested depart- 
ure from Grod. 

And, First, the want of brotherly love is a certain 
sign ; for if you once yield to e\Tl surmisings, envyiugs, 
and jealousies, you most effectually close the door of 
your heart s^inst the reviving showers of Divine 
grace : yea, as Mr. Fletcher remarks, you might as well 
attempt to fill up a corked bottle by pouring water on 
it, as to fill the heart with joy and peace, when already 
replete with prejudice. There is no passing through 
life without some trials of our graces ; but wo should 
regard the language of the poet : 

** For every trifle soorn to take offence : 
That always shows great pride, or little sense : 
Good nature and good sense must always join : 
To err, is human: to forgive, divine." 

A certain wagoner driving on a rough road oiio dark 
night, heard another wagoner meeting him, and with a 
loud and commanding voice bade him give the road to 
him, or he would serve him as he did a wagoner tlio 
mgbt before. The wagoner gave vay, and when the 



292 APPENDIX. 

other came up to him, asked him how he served the 
wagoner last night. " Why," said he, " he would not 
give way to me, and I gave way to him ; and thus I 
intended to serve you." Brethren, do not'forget it. 
"He would not give way to me, and I gave way 
to him." Go, and do likewise; yea, rathei^ suflFer 
wrong than do wrong. A good conscience, and an 
approving God! — 0, what a treasure! Let us pos- 
sess it. 

Another infallible sign of our departure from God is 
a wilful neglect of the means of grace ; such as, Bible- 
reading, church-going, prayer-meetings, and class-meei. 
ings ; family and closet prayer, the holy sacrament, and 
appointed times for fasting and humiliation; also, a 
delight in visiting and participating in jovial society; 
a fondness for dress and show ; a silly and sickening 
efiFort to imitate the gay and giddy throng. O, when 
shall professing female Christians learn more sense, 
and not make themselves the sport and ridicule of those 
whom they are thus trying to ape ? But alas 1 my young 
sister^ you are speedily departing from God, and O, 
what a mercy if your course does not continue down- 
ward until it land you in hopeless ruin ! 

As a warning to one and all against apostasy, we 
will give you a brief account of two persons who were 
once shining lights in the Church of God. One was a 
lady of good character and of acknowledged piety ; a 
member of our Church, and who for years had even 
professed the attainment of sanctification. Her hus- 
band, on some account, was expelled the Church. She 
became prejudiced — withdrew from the Church — totally 
neglected tiie house of God. Yielding to the tempter 



SKI 

iiK>re and tk ahkl i^ <ik«« w^fcs *J<*> TvJ:rs^;ti!4!te\i ; 
the Bible Liid as^tie : I2?e bc-ose :. e^ lie hecfcr; K\:x4!r 
enjptT oi en»e jod saro^siM with pri«k\ ;aiheik< ;i)ul 
]Ht^J1ldke. the e^ii spirit who lad vMii\* irih;jibiu\l it 
retnma. and brinss vidi him seTien mof>^ : iber enior in 
and take pos^^gion : and trolT the last state of that 
poor iroman iras worse than the first* IVath calls tor 
her : &he realize? ho* fearfol doom : and for three loii^ 
weeks groans imder the impending wrath already 
kindled in her wretched sonl. continnallv exclaiming 
that her doom was fixed, no merey in hearen for her, 
and that she justly deserred the damnation of hell : and 
in this awful and heart-rending condition she l>reathed 
her last. 

The other instance was that of a young luau of pnv 
mise, of considerable tal«[it, and of unexceptionable di^ 
portment. He professed conversion, joined our Chureh» 
and in a short time is appointed a class-leader. The 
Church and all have confidence in him. But alas I prido 
gets possession of his heart : ho is not suflioieutly 
honored by the Church: he leaves it; and stop after 
step departs farther and yet farther from God. Ho 
reads Tom Paine ; becomes an infidel ; joins a club of 
infidels, who meet on Sabbath-days to kick the Bible 
about in a certain room. The time of hia depariuro 
from earth speedily arrives. The doctors pronounoo 
his case hopeless; and a truly hopeless case wan it 
for soul as well as body. He unhesitatingly nays that 
hell is his portion. His friends send for a ])roaoh(U' to 
come and pray with him. The man of God tri(^H to 
pray : asks God to have mercy on him. His reply wa», 
** O God, don^t hear him I" When the preacher would 



294 APPENDIX. 

exclaim, " Lord, save him I" his response would be, " O 
God, damn me, and send me to hell at once I" And in 
this terrific manner poor Mr. P bade earth fare- 
well I 

Dear reader, do you ever feel like apostatizing ? — or 
are you ready to say with your aged friend, Bather let 
me be torn piecemeal, limb by limb, or suffer the flames 
of martyrdom, than to meet the fate of the two above- 
named apostates? In order to avoid it, let us "take 
heed that there be not in us an evil heart of unbelief in 
departing from the living God." Let us "keep the 
heart with all diligence." Let us pray God " to create 
in us a clean heart, and to renew a right spirit within 
us." Let us keep in recollection the old adage, that " a 
single leak may sink the ship." Let us " strive to enter 
in at the strait gate." And permit me to add, that 
one, just one wilful sin indulged in by us would swell 
us so immensely large that it would amount to a moral 
impossibility for us to enter in. " If I regard iniquity 
in my heart, the Lord will not hear me." To prevent 
apostasy, let us pluck out right eye and cut off right- 
hand sins ; and carefully attend to the instruction given 
us in 2 Peter i, 5-7, 10 : "And beside this, giving all 
diligence, add to your faith virtue ; and to virtue, know- 
ledge ; and to knowledge, temperance ; and to temper- 
ance, patience ; and to patience, godliness ; and to godli- 
ness, brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness, 
charity ;" " for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall." 
No : thanks be unto God, there is no necessity for 
apostasy. 

But have any of my dear brethen, since I last saw 
them, "left their first \oveT' Tlo «vx$3cl \ ^ovi^^ ^sa:^^ 



Unit reifgriTiL jk : aif ^w%l S^irti ifc? ^Ni<a jw^^ 
Let it oe^voor 



Aji£ n«* aiw ^im si;^ ^c^hk^"^ 

He win reiiTTL r«eiiTar yijor b«r?. is^wi* xvHjtr l«k*J;:ji^J- 
iiiss. ai&d love T^-a freely. IV> bo: cefa^v — I N^c ^v^ 
do not dd&T. Cocce twici to Cari^ : i^^i hoiaxe ;j^iu ; 
and wbere tvmi i^T^ p^jned v>c\V. jvr^v riirivv; *ftvi 
irhere too lt*Te &5ied oncit^. fiist nrkw 

What is this poor world in vviaptsuri;f\^\ to An iuh^iv 
ance incormptible, nndefiled. and th;j^t fttdoih uol 
away? What would it profit ujs to jn^iu tho >vholt> 
world, and in the bargain to lo;^ our own $ouU? If I 
am happy enough to get to heaven^ I oxjfHX't th^t lh)^^> 
circumstances will produce $ome wvMulor in u^v mind : 
the first will be that unworthy I ovw nNiohtnl tha 
blessed shore ; the second will bo in lookii\|{ (U^^nnd in 
heaven for some that I was sure would got thoi^\ but, 
alas ! they have not entered in : they foil by tho Imnitu 
of some Saul, and are shut out from hoiwou wxmM wlWx- 
out end. My brother, will it bo you ? U uootl nt>t bo, 
You may get to heaven if you will but pornovt^rt* In 
well-doing. The third matter of aHtonlnlunont will lio, 
that some I never calculated on ROttluK to hoavon wllllitt 
there : their zigzag movomont« many yoarn aKo, wIhmi I 
knew them almost forbade any Ivovom of muolluK Uium In 



296 ^ APPENDIX. 

the goodly land ; but they changed their conrse, they re- 
pented of their follies, they were pardoned and washed 
in the atoning blood of Christ ; and here they are, high 
up in heaven. My brother, my sister, will it be you ? 
God grant it I 

Meditate daily about heaven, where all your toils and 
sufferings will be over, and keep in mind that 



«< The more you toil and suffer here, 
The sweeter heayen will be ;' 



.»» 



that your light afflictions, which are but for a moment, 
are working out for you a far more exceeding and 
eternal weight of glory. Bear up a little longer : never 
let it be said that you apostatized from God and the 
Church. Thank God that no temptation can happen 
unto you but such as is common unto men ; and that 
Christ was in all points tempted like as we are, yet he 
and thousands of his disciples have conquered, and you 
may conquer too. 

But still more effectually to prevent apostasy, keep 
an abiding consciousness of your own weakness, and 
the absolute necessity of clinging close to your Almighty 
Saviour, never for a moment trusting to an arm of flesh, 
but feeling and saying, 

"Every moment, Lord, I want 
The merit of thy death." 

And to aid you in this all-important duty, I will here 
transcribe a rather poetical curiosity, published in the 
National Intelligencer : 

<< Cling to the mighty One, (Ps. Ixxzix. 19.) 

Cling in thy grief; (Heb. xii. 11.) 

Cling to the holy One, (Hab. i. 12.) 

He gives relief. (Ps. cxvi. 9.) 



2r!i3^z.x. Jjr 



C3n^ :ir :&f IMS. ?*v>. ^. 






dtar 4««ii!iir t^Mi ^5>l i^ i*?: J*ir. S^ :J:t^ 

CSb^ tt»ik« x»a OiM» ^lUiit. ix. :D>; ^i ^ ^> 

H^ skill u»e: V'^ku.l^> 

CSm^ to tk« rcc^viB^ CHmw ylV :ictii I.) 
J<iy E^to Aine «y«w*^ ^IV. xxu ll.> 

I hope the reader will esamitto each ttwt ift^foriwi t\v 
in connection with the fore^iu^ limx<^ How ixt'tou lu^.'t 
it been the case that one sinjrle vt^t^'k of iho iu?i|M^^sl 
Scriptures has proved a most ;i!aluUuT uuil l»$tiii^^ Unu^ 
fit to the tempted and afflicted child of Hod I Yt^^» to 
the careless and impenitent sinuor it has Ihhmmuo tho 
power of Grod nnto salvation. Littio lUd that youth 
think, when going into battle, tlmt tho poi^kot \\\\\\^^ 
which his pious mother prosont<Ml hiiu wan lo Immmmuo 
the means of both his temporal and npiritual Halvallual 
The Bible, being placed in a nidtvpookot, provoultMl llirt 
bullet from piercing his vitals. Onrlonlly IiuuIImk liini 
to examine how far the bullet had pouotratod (hn lllhln, 
13* 



298 APPENDIX. ^ 

he pursued its ravages on to Ecclesiastes xi., and there 
it stopped at, " Rejoice, young man, in thy youth, and 
let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and 
walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of 
thine eyes; but know thou that for all these things, 
God will bring thee into judgment." On that solitary 
verse the youth fastens his eyes, meditates, and duly 
reflects : becomes convinced of his unpreparedness to 
meet his God in judgment : bows at the foot of the 
cross : obtains the forgiveness of his sins : returns home 
to his sainted mother : points her attention to the course 
of the bullet ; and then exclaims, " mother ! that verse 
has brought me, a poor wanderer, home to God ; and I 
now feel that, unworthy as I am, I am nevertheless his 
adopted child." 

But not only has one verse thus afforded a lasting 
blessing to the reader : a word, yea, a single word from 
this book of books has had its glorious and benign 
effects upon the attentive reader. The sister of the late 
Archdeacon of Bombay, in one of her hymns, describes 
the powerful effect produced upon her heart by the 
word " freely ;" no doubt referring to Rom. iii. 24, knd 
Rev. xxii. 17. She thus gives vent to her feelings in 
the following beautiful stanza : 

" When to my inmost heart 
Thou didst one word impart, 

Mighty in strength. 
Larger and larger grew, 
On my astonished view, ^ 

Its breadth and length." 

Permit me, then, to exhort you to read, yea, even to 
memorize the verses above quoted. I know they will 



Ae «ni -^an. k^ »ic«ii : ;ui£ iio: ^cwr V> ^:^ !b»^ f<4r^ 

km OBBFdL Is 3LV Inni&er Mirv^ ^> Yv>« <^ lU^i^^^ 
I wm? B0i 3i? cx|p&£i aufei r^i ;fe^ 1 ;^xi^ Wx^ Wm ^ 
and t<feie^ I efe^^e £:S5 apfiKsfix 1 iWK^ W ;)^ tillW HMOr^ 
Eped&r OB iftk Tenr e^simiud poimu 

And IB tlbe fiist pti^fe. ivur pmiLHlk^ ^mK) K^vi^ ^ 
wide draibimL and e«ftdi Meikodi^i £jmul>r bv ^l nK^ijo^ 
shoold po^e^ at koist one or inono txf our Ohrv^liiMi 
Adrocates. The Home CirvK\ jMiWijiJuHi )it X^K^vilK 
ought to te read ^especiallY by ewry Kmu^K^"^ Uu^m^^^ 
out the length and breadth of our Southorn kvuuU\V% 
It is blessed with a first-r^te editor* Tho S^^uthoi'u 
Methodist Quarterly Review id wortliv of Uu> »\hh>|U> 
ation of all inteHigent geiitleuuMi and kditv^ of m\^v 
Church community. In addition to t)u^>« if you h^iYO 
not already got them, you ought fortJiwitJi to juh>ouih^ 
Watson's Apology for the Bible, with Uo(\it4Vtiou of 
Paine, by Thomas 0. Summers, D, 1>, ; A|)|^tnvl to 
Matter of Fact, by Mr. Fletcher ; Baptl8«\| a TiHnvU>»o 
on the Nature, etc., by Thomas 0, Suunuorn, l>, l>. | 
Dancing: an Essay on, by Crano ; MothodiHt Piunphh^lK 
for the People; Gate of Prayer; Holiiu^HH, a TmiilKti 
on Sanctification, by Dr. Summorn; MoUuhIIhiu- Pri- 
mary Platform, by Dr. Honklo; BiHhop MoitIk'ki Hw»»- 
mons; and if possible darkens or BonHon'H OomiiHMiliM'y 
— all the above-mentioned workH aro wnll (utliMilatnd to 



300 APPENDIX. 

illnmine the understanding, to correct the judgment, to 
mend the heart, and to aid you in the discharge of your 
duties to God, to your fellow-creatures, and to your- 
selves. I did not mention Bible, Hymn book, and Dis- 
cipline; expecting, of course, that as Methodists you 
already possess these. Do not fail in prociiring the 
above-named works. They can all be obtained at our 
Publishing House, in Nashville, Tennessee. They are all 
cheap, and will more than a hundred-fold compensate 
you for the trifle they cost. 

The Protestant Churches have long since exploded the 
Romanist dogma, that " Ignorance is the mother of devo- 
tion." And facts always go to demonstrate, that the 
more enlightened and better read the Christian is, the 
more likely is he to persevere in well-doing* For it is 
the "double-minded man that is unstable in all his 
ways." And it is the man of little information that is 
" carried about with every wind of doctrine." Hence, 
in order to our final perseverance, how necessary to 
store the mind with useful knowledge ! St. Jude says, 
" But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most 
holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost." Now, how are 
we to carry on this " building," unless we possess the 
proper and suitable materials for the work ? We view 
our faith as a Church, a " most holy faith." And in 
order to build thereon, and to be firmly established in 
it, we should possess ourselves at least of the books 
above named. A good library, well read, and properly 
digested, containing those books which are in accord- 
ance with the Holy Bible, will much tend to make us 
wise even unto salvation, and enable us to earnestly 
contend for the faith once delivered unto the saints. 



APFirsDix. 301 

Get Ae periodicals^ get &e books : moner speat in tim 
nny win never be lost. Bat in thi^ " buildiug up voiii> 
sdresy^ don't finrget to **praT in die Holy V.^liOiS4i,'' 
keeping^ in leeolleetion, the Apo^de Jameg^ who $av^ 
*^ iSt anT of ¥cm: lack wisdooL let him ask of God, that 
gi^etii to an mfflL liberally, and npbraidetli not, and it 
dudl be giren him. Seek wisdom. 



^WnioiB. (fifina! miui tolls tim prifi# 
Of wisdoiiL 9 QQsdj jxmt^hajiditi^ ? 
Wiadom to siTer W9 pNf^nr^ 
.And gold IS droes CQmpttrad to h<9r. 



» 



Bear in mind tiiat "^The fear of the Lord is the 
b^umii^ oi wisdom r and if we but ecmtinue to ftar 
the Lcnrd, there will be little danger of our apostasy^ 

It is the want of tfiis filial fear, which permits ns to 
charish vain, and foolbii. and wicked thoughts ; yea, 
the want of this fear snSers ns to indulge in wrong 
passions and in wrong expressions. The neglect of 
duties, such as family worship, private devotion, and 
the searching of the Holy Scriptures : neglect of the 
house of Grod, and especially of the class-mooting ; (for 
"they that feared the Lord spake oftou one to an- 
other ;") yea, every entering wedge to apost^^sy, witti 
its final and dolorous consummation, is owing to the 
want of this filial fear of the Lord. Well might both 
the Psalmist and the wise man unite, in the sanio Hontl- 
ment and in the very same language, in Haying that 
"The fear of the Lord is the beginning of windoni." 
that you and I may daily bo found among tlio 
happy number of those who arc "porfocting hollnnnH 
in ike fear of the Lord" — ^for the "fear of tho Lord 



802 APPENDIX. 

is clean, enduring for ever" — admitting no unholy pas- 
sion to have predominancy over us ; nipping in the very 
bud every unclean thought, and eflfectually quenching 
the first rise of every inordinate desire. Hence I would 
again repeat, that if we continue to fear the Lord, there 
will be but little danger of our apostasy. I do hope 
my much-beloved friends will strive hard to " fear God, 
and to work righteousness ;" to " grow in grace, and in 
the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ." 
" Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, 
and to present you faultless before the presence of 
his glory with exceeding joy, to the only wise God 
our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, 
both now and ever. Amen." 

Do not forget at the throne of the heavenly grace your 
aged brother and sincere friend, 

JOSEPH TRAVIS. 

China Gbove, near Grenada, MIbb., \ 
May 8d, 1856. / 



SEMI-GEXTENNIAL SKKMON. 



(.10.1) 



I 



Jrtfact* 



A LiTTLS mofre tbMR fiftr jeiurs a$o« tk^ good mid 
pious Henry Smith, da^^Ieader at Smith s ChajW. in 
Sandj RiTcr Circuit, South Carolina Confoxenoe, in hia 
bland and social way ronarked to me. saying, '* Rrothti^r 
Jos^h, yon mnst preach for ns next Sunday ;'' and aa 
well as I can recollect, he gare me the text that I toi>k| 
namely, Luke xiii. 24. What kind of a sermon I prtnu^htnii 
at this late period I know not : I can only say, that ho 
encouraged me to go on. Yet I do not rooolliM^t Head- 
ing out a text as a foundation for a discourse after that| 
until I was admitted on trial in the travelling connoo- 
tion; as I never asked for nor obtained lioonao to 
preach, being merely a licensed exhortor when my nanu> 
was presented to the Annual Conference. Yet the ahovo 
was the first text I ever took, and hence as my himuI- 
centennial* I have again taken it for the foundation of a 

* Preached at Spring Hill Chapel, Qx«TiBA«k^Vt^>A\*^^'VQOi>^\V^^^ 
ferenoe, July 26thf 1856. 



806 APPENDIX. 

discourse now written out, and designed, in its simple 
and plain manner, to benefit the reader, and particularly 
those among whom in former days I was accustomed to 
preach, and with whom I labored in weakness, yet in 
godly sincerity for their present and final salvation; 
and now that my voice no longer can be heard by them, 
I do desire through the agency of pen, ink, paper, and 
press, to talk to them ; and if by the following sermon I 
can aid them but one half inch in their onward march 
to heaven, I shall not think that either time or paper 
was spent in vain. May the great Head of the Church 
bless this, my feeble eflfort to do good, and save both 
myself and readers in the kingdom of glory, world with- 
out end I Amen. 

JOSEPH TRAVIS. 

China Gboye, near Grenada, Miss., \ 
July 21st, 1866. / 



S£BMO>\ 



inn ae^ to cater xl a&i shiZ m« W ftb^^^l^nv x^ :^t 



WmuBT our Lord was passui^ durcm^ iW dlitfxs^ imkI 
Tillages, teaddng. and jonmeTuig iK>waJrtl J^ii^^M^ 
a certain indiTidoaL either {NrcHoapled by $h^>r curuvatAr» 
or influenced by a sincere desire of a^^ct^^rt^iuuvvr wi 
aU-important fact, addressed him, sayii\^> '"^l^t^nt AHl^ 
there few that be sared V' Our bleis§<Hl jU^rtl* in lu* 
infinite wisdom, did not see projH^r to givi? him a dJnvt 
answer ; but replied to him in the lunfruagt^ of our toxt* 
The purport of which is, " It doea not v^ matorially oou- 
cem you, as an individual, whethor tht^ro bo uuiny or 
few that will be ultimately savini ; but thon> in one 
thing that does truly concern you, as an imllvidual, ivud 
that is your own salvation. But this I can aHfiurt) yiuii 
that there is but the one way to heaven, and that Im 
through a strait gate; and that many will mn^k to 
enter through that gate, but will not bo able. I thtii'«- 
fore exhort you, that if in very dood you do doalro to 
be saved, you must strive to enl(Sit vn" 



808 APPENDIX* 

The parallel passage may be found in Matthew vii. 
13, 14, and reads thus: "Enter ye in at the strait 
gate ; for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that 
leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in 
thereat; because strait is the gate, and narrow is 
the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that 
find it." 

The metaphor in our text, namely, " strait gate,'' has 
been, by commentators and divines, variously con- 
strued: some making it to mean repentance; others, 
faith, etc. To this exposition we have no objection, 
all being necessary for the attainment of heaven. But 
we would refer the metaphor immediately to Christ 
himself. Some very ancient and respectable MSS., in- 
stead of ^)wfes, gate, read thuras, door ; that is, strive 
to enter in at the strait door. This would be in accord- 
ance with the metaphor used by our Lord, John x.,9, 
when he says, " I am the door : by me if any man enter 
in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find 
pasture." Our blessed Lord again declares, that " He 
is the way, the truth, and the life ; and that no man 
Cometh unto the Father but by him." See John xiv. 6. 
Again, we read in Acts iv. 12, " Neither is there salva- 
tion in any other ; for there is none other name under 
heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved." 
Hence we rationally and scripturally infer, that Christ 
is the gate, the door, the way, the name, and the only 
name, by which we can possibly enter into heaven. 

"Strive to enter in." Does not the preposition in 
somewhat destroy the I'egularity and beauty of the 
metaphor? Not at all. It is in perfect keeping with 
the phraseology of Cliriat oadi \i^ ^^^"C^^, %^^^ ^^sa 



See JuoL XT. Aii^ :^ F^ai. i CgCx >r. U ^ 

die nettjp&or t^ iw mcrodBKtnMi g<*' iW |in^vi$tU\>« i^ 
whea Btttie » refe a> Clir^ biEmjj^^^ TkiKv by ^mxiii^t 
to enier ia at lae strait »ie^ ir^ auf^ lv> ^^y^ K^ <«I^ 
into tlfe^ MI and riaptkit befi^ of tik^ nerval aKvi^iNt^l 
made br dae Tirariods salferiii^ and deaih WT OKri^ ^ 
to strire lo the attainnnnit of ^t ,^K4ilkaiky9i <»ll^'^^ 
br Ins le^mi et lM w: '•fiMr lie wa? drfxTwtd for <mr 
offimces, and laised again ftur oar jxfe^lifiiraiKMi^'^ K^mix 
IT. 25. We are to striTe fear that fiiilh. *!6 tW ii^lir^ 
mental can^ of our jnstification. pitHlueiuj? "^j^if^vi^ 
witti God tiirongti onr Lord Je^iK? Chrtel^"* RcMtt^ v. I. 
We are to strive for that holine$^ and entile :j^ja\oU(i\Nii« 
tion by tbe blood of Sfprinklinjr, which sjH^kclh l^^^^w 
things than the blood of Abel. And (i^r this wt^ hAYt> 
the greatest enconragement held out to tt8 in I Jv^hu 
i. 9, where it is said, that " If wo eoufi>S8 our *Ju?^ ht> 
[Christ] is faithful and just to forgive U8 our Jiiu^ i^wd 
to cleanse us from all unrighteousneess," HUvishhI text I 
Have you ever duly considered it, digested iU* huHowtHl 
contents, weighed its vast import, and, above lUl, ihhvI» 
ized its glorious truth within your own hinvrt ? 

Let no one imagine that he has onttu'od into iho fit mil 

gate, who has never experienced tho poa(M> of Ood -u 

peace that passeth all under^leox^iu^--^ ^x^^^l >^^\k^^ 



810 APPSNDIX. 

peace like unto a river oyerflowing — a peace being a 
part of the kingdom of God — yea, a peace leading us 
to " follow peace with all men," causing us to lead a 
" peaceable life in all godliness," and " to live peaceably 
with all men." Ay, blessed religion ! 

** Sweet peace she brings wherever she arrives : 
She builds our quiet, as she forms our lives: 
Lays the rough paths of peevish nature even. 
And opens in each breast a Httle heaven." 

Let no one imagine that he has truly entered into 
the "sanctum sanctorum" of a Christian's privil^e 
here on earth, until he has reason to believe tiiat " the 
blood of Christ hath cleansed him from all sin:" 
that he " is dead unto sin, and alive unto God :" that 
the " world is crucified unto him, and he unto the 
world :" that " he daily lives by faith on the Son of 
God, who loved him, and gave himself for him :" that 
he "is sanctified wholly, throughout soul, body, and 
spirit ;" yea, that he is " able to comprehend with all 
saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and 
height, and to know the love of Christ, which passeth 
knowledge, and to be filled with all the fulness of God." 
This is the gate, this the door, this the way to heaven. 
There is no other way for gospel -enlightened and 
accountable creatures. Pause for the moment. Art 
thou in the way ? Art thou striving to enter by this 
gate into the city — the new Jerusalem — the paradise of 
God ? We will, after having explained to you what 
we understand by the metaphor "gate" in the text, 
come to show the reason why " many will seek to enter 
in, and shall not be able." 



Is it beeaoR &id odi hoc will ^jtm x> either i:K. 4tt:i 

froB koftTea? Xo^ so 1 wi> ouw ok^c son.'a ^ Gv^i — Ujifi^ 
BiUe knows not saA % GoiL The i^^ libui; iW KiU<^ 
present tt> our view sirs. ""A^ I Iit^. ^ol oifl^ lA>r>i. 1 
hare no pleft&iKre ta me ik&Gti at cioe wickied. Turn v^. 
torn Te, for wkr will Te die. O kottsi^ of l;5melt** 
"" Clod is no respecter of persons bat in everr iMikax h^ 
tibat feftredi God aad wocke^ rigutto«»Mts$ shdll be 
accepted of him.*' 

Is it becaase Christ did aot die for them? Not at 
alL "^ For God so lored the world* that he gave hi$ 
only-begottea Scml diat whosoerer believed in him 
should not peri^ bat hare ereriastuig life T ^ Christ is 
ihe propitiation for oar sins ; and not fodr ours only, but 
also for the sins of die wiiole world :" " He tasted death 
for ererj man f yea, he came to "" seek and to suve 
ifaat iriiidi was lost.*' X<me are excluded. 

Is it because the Holy ^irit does not enlighten and 
striye widi ihem ? By no means. ^ For the gnuH> of 
€k>d that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all meu f ' 
''And the Spirit and the bride say, Gome.'' Our Lord 
says, " If I go not away, the Comforter will not eoiuo ; 
but if I depart, I will send him unto you, to reprove tlio 
world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment.'' No 
blame can be attached to the Holy Trinity. 

« To Father, Son, and Holy Qhoit, 
Who sweetly all agree 
To saye a world of sinnera lost, 
Eternal glory be T' 

la it, then, that you lack ability to outer In ? No, 



812 APPENDIX. 

sirs. God requires no impossibility of the workman- 
ship of his hands. Whoever does the best he oan, will 
be accepted. Angels can do no more. Away with 
the absurd doctrine that God only imparts a natural 
ability to embrace the atonement, but refuses a moral 
ability, except to his chosen and elect ones I This is a 
mere play upon words; yea, an attempt "to remove 
one difficulty by introducing another." Let us for a 
moment glance at its absurdity. We will say, for 
instance, that two men are arrested before the court of 
our conmion judicature : both are implicated and proven 
to be guilty of murder. One is condemned to be hung ; 
the other is set at liberty. Why this? It was be- 
cause the one condemned had both natural and moral 
ability to perpetrate the act: the other had natural 
ability, but it was satisfieu^torily sustained in court, tJiat 
he was a maniac ; hence lacked moral ability, and for 
this defect was pardoned, and released from punish- 
ment. How dare we represent the God of love as more 
cruel and hard-hearted than a judge or a jury, in 
thus denying the gift of moral ability to the poor 
sinner, and then consigning him down to woe, for this 
very want of necessary aid in escaping hell, and of 
getting to heaven ? Common humanity, common jus- 
tice, and common sense revolt at such a doctrine. 
Truly would it be a horribUe decretum^ a "horrible 
decree." 

What, then, is the cause that they shall not be able 
to enter in ? 

I answer : First, Their seeking in a lazy, careless 
and indifferent manner. Their efforts are weak, luke- 
wariQj and inconstant. In ^x^^et ^ ^!aai ^x^\a&\s^ ^^^bs^r 



Hie bcnee «r,G<^ i? iT^rcsJ^iJ uiKvry^ o«t of tRvrw *u\i 
eKtKB. tbiB ^rii^ sa isiaiit iic% )ii»ir vkut 1^\) iKo l^Nrxl 
may by lis swr^^^ 5^*Wik iniTK> ifcNa. l!e»Ky^ « ^xiril 
of donsatiKy or rf^^rie^soes? fty^^iKHidy ixv^n^s^^jcc^ ihou^ 
nnda- the adninistmiSwi of G\xl s hohr >Kx>r\l : ;siw\i ^\ot 
nntn Act bear die CKKJodiinsr Wt>s«injcr 5(nnH>iiuwHi tli> 
tbey fed any exMlaratkHi of ^rits and thi^ only l^y 
cause Ae sHxice b ended. 

O tell me not of <«cfc seeker? erer onteriiijr inh> 
the strait gate, or ever reacfaiasr iH^ven! Swoh nmy 
Ktc in the Church, die in Ae Chwreh, receive a Ohri:^ 
tian borial, bnt at last be damned with a pitMiter s^i^U 
emnitr for their hvpocrisT and dead (brumlitv in 
religion. " The kingdom of heaven sufferoth vJoloniH:^* 
and the violent take it by force." ** I wowld that thou 
wert cold or hot : so, then, because thou art lukowarni, 
and neither cold nor hot^ I will sf>ew thoe out of my 
month." An awfiil text! Reflect uf>on it dny nnd 
night ; at home or abroad ; in public or private ; what- 
ever yon do, wherever you be, forget it not. 

2d. Some seek only in times of imminent danger. In 
storms and tempests they become quite i>mycri\!l, and 
apparently truly concerned for thoir souIh* nalvation ; 
but only let the tempest hush ; the winds coaj^o to roar ; 
the thunder and lightning pass over : thoir prayt^rs an* 
ended, their pious efforts entirely roliiujuiHlnMl, and 
they exhibit the same unconcerned noss, worhlly-iuindml- 
ness, and dissipation as before. I walk to yondor b(Ml- 
side : I see a pale, emaciated individiuil, wIiohc^ lookn 
tell out the anguish and deep cowcvitu v^^ >x ^\\v%\xiwN.\KS\\ 
14 



314 AiPPSNDIX. 

and polluted soul about entering into the presence of a 
holy God. I listen to his plaintive and heartrrending 
confessions and promises : " what a wretch hare I 
beenl How unholy, prayerless, and careless! How 
ungrateful to my God 1 

< Ten thousand times Ids goodness seen ; 
Ten thousand times his goodness grieved.' 

that I had but my time to live over t Never, no, 
never would I act out the wicked and inconsistent part 
that I have done. The residue of my days should be 
unreservedly devoted to God and to his service 1 
that he would but spare me! raise me up one more 
time, and thus afford me an opportunity of evincing to 
the world my loyalty to God, my entire subjection to 
his will and word." 

Contrary to the expectations of friends and physi- 
cians, the disease yields to prayers, to promises, as well 
as to medicines — the penitent is restored. Gratitude 
to God is openly and freely expressed by him, and for 
weeks during his convalescent state he reads his Bible, 
meditates, and prays. Nerve and muscle at length 
resume their wonted strength; nature exercises her 
accustomed functions : the man is restored to perfect 
health ; and, as in former days, he treads the earth with 
firmness and agility. But, alas! in a few months the 
Bible is neglected, the closet forsaken, and the house 
of God but seldom visited ; and " like the sow that 
was washed, returned to her wallowing in the mire, 
and the dog to his vomit again,'' so hath he returned 
to the vanities and follies of this world, and to a life 
of sin and rebellion against God. Such shall never 
enter in. 



APPENDIX. 315 

This individual, like unto too many, lacked principle. 
He was alone influenced by a servile fear. Had he 
been under the guidance of a correct principle, he 
would have served God from the consideration of his 
relation to him, and of the ten thousand obligations 
binding him thereunto. Existence, preservation, and 
redemption, all flowing alone from Grod, would have 
been sufficient to bring him to the &lLAetermination of 
Joshua : "As for me and my house, we will serve the 
Lord." 

In one sense of the word, virtue has its own reward ; 
and truly, if there were no hereafter, were we to sink 
into final annihilation after death, yet, for our well- 
being and rational happiness on earth, the Bible should 
be the man of our counsel, and our great delight should 
be in prayer and praise to God. Honors, riches, and 
worldly gratifications cannot satisfy the cravings of an 
immortal spirit. We might as well attempt to satisfy 
the demands of. an empty, hungry stomach with the 
nether millstone, or with live coals of fire. God alone 
can impart substantial bliss to the noble, immaterial 
part of man, the soul. 

3d. Others,. again, shall not be able to enter in from 
the fact of their inconstancy, their zigzag course of 
piety, and what is by some called fits and starts 'in re- 
ligion. In a revival, and during the great excitement 
occasioned by a camp or protracted meeting, they 
appear to be much engaged, and promise fair to enter 
into heaven ; and probably had they died at one of 
those meetings, they might have been saved. But, sad 
to tell, as soon as the extra excitement is over, so soon 
end their zeal and godly efforta. A.igatliy^lwkft^w:m? 



316 APPENDIX. 

ness, and indifference mark their course from day to 
day, until the next extra meeting comes on. shame 
on such professors I But are there not to be found 'too 
many such in the different Churches ? We want a living 
membership in the Church of Christ ; not members liv- 
ing in pleasure, and being dead whilst they live, but 
such as are like the tree planted by the river-side, 
whose fruit is always in season, and whose leaf never 
withereth, and who continue even in old age to " flou- 
rish like the palm tree." Take heed, brethren, that 
none of you belong to this unfortunate class of pro- 
fessed Christians, who are thus serving God " by fits 
and starts ;" for fearful I am of such that our blessed 
Lord will say unto them, " 1 never knew you : depart 
from me." Many shall seek to enter in, but shall not 
be able. " My merciful God, is it I ?" 

4th. Too many are seeking to enter in, and shall not 
be able, owing to erroneous opinions which they have 
imbibed in relation to the gospel plan of salvation. 
Some there are who, having embraced Antinomian and 
solifidian notions, pay little or no regard to works of 
piety, mercy, or charity, singing a requiem of peace to 
themselves, feeling sure of heaven on account of their 
faith, and the imputed righteousness of Christ. In the 
mean time, they are neglecters of prayer, of Bible-read- 
ing, and of self-denial, and altogether unacquainted 
with experimental religion, not feeling that " the king- 
dom of God is not meat and drink, but righteousness, 
peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost." They are resting 
their hope of heaven on a mere historical faith in the 
birth, miracles, death, and resurrection of Christ ; for- 
getting that our Lord \ia\k ^•aXSi/''^^ ^^\t feoJ^sss.^^ 



APPENDIX. 317 

shall know them ;" and also, " By thy words thou shalt 
.be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned." 
Such shall not be able to enter in, " for without holi- 
ness no man shall see the Lord." 

But another error, equally unscriptural and destruc- 
tive, is that of exalting the merit of works, to the 
depreciation of the merits of Christ. The Arian and 
the Socinian, denying the vicarious merits of our Lord 
and Saviour, evidently build their hope of heaven upon 
works : their honesty, benevolence, urbanity, and gene- 
ral good morals, make out the platform of their pros- 
pects of future happiness. Deluded man I knowest 
thou not that thou art born in sin, shapen in iniquity — 
that the carnal mind is enmity against God — that Jhou 
hast no strength (morally speaking) or goodness of 
thine own ; and that all thy works are but sin and 
death, until washed in the blood of atoning merit? 
Knowest thou not that thou hast to be born again, or 
never enter heaven? Or that, if thou couldst enter 
heaven in thine unregenerate state, heaven itself would 
be to thee the confines of torment ? It is every way 
consistent with the principles of philosophy that " like 
must go to like." 0, dream not of the attainment of 
future happiness as being a reward of thy morality, 
abstract from the merits of Christ. " By the deeds of 
the law no flesh shall be justified." Salvation " is not 
of works, lest any man should boast." Yet, without 
the inseparable union of faith and good works, we can- 
not be saved. God himself has joined these together : 
let no man put them asunder. 

5th. Yet another most effectual preventive to our 
entering into the strait gate is procrastination. 



818 APPENDIX. 

That "thief of time/' that murderer of immortal 
spirits, devours his victims by hundreds, year after year. 
To-morrow — to-morrow — ^fatal to-morrow I has peopled 
the lower regions I Yet, strange to tell, as none of 
these unhappy spirits have been permitted in person to 
tell their dolorous tale of woe and wretchedness conse- 
quent upon procrastination, thousands and tens of thou- 
sands are thoughtlessly listening to the siren song, 
" Time enough yet ;" " Time enough yet." I am yet too 
young : let me become more aged and settled in life. I 
am at present too poor : let me accumulate some more 
of this world's goods around me. I have adjusted my 
plans of foreign travel, of honorable and distinguished 
association, and the like. Let me consummate and 
enjoy this pleasure: then, ay, then will I set about 
preparing to meet my God, and becoming a fit subject 
of the kingdom of glory. 

Few, very few are to be found, in this our gospel- 
enlightened land, who will not candidly acknowledge 
their obligations to God, confess their full belief in the 
Christian religion, unhesitatingly tell you that they 
have good desires, and are at times " almost persuaded 
to be a Christian :" that they yet intend renouncing 
sin, the devil, and the world, with all its pomps and 
vanities, to make an open profession of godliness, and 
to devote their time and talents unreservedly to the 
service of their Heavenly Father ; to glorify God on 
earth, and enjoy him for ever — in short, to become sin- 
cere followers of Christ. But, alas I at an unexpected 
moment death approaches silently to their bedside, and 
throws his icy arms around them : the pall, the shroud, 
the bearsOf the gaping toinb, m\Xi ^ti Q^^\m^'^ V^^^^^x^ 



APPENDIX. 819 

presented to their vision : alarmed, yea, distracted, in 
no situation now to repent in an evangelical sense, no 
time to humble themselves suitably before God, they 
feel that they richly deserve future punishment, and 
that God in justice may seal their doom. They endea- 
vor to elicit some hope from the case of the penitent 
and dying thief, but then the thought — ay, the true 
and awful thought — ^rushes across the mind, " The thief 
may have had no previous call until this hour : he is 
expiring not only in sight, but even touching the bleed- 
ing body of his innocent Saviour. Mine is a diiGFerent 
case : call upon call has been given me, mercies, judg- 
ments, and gospel privileges have all united with the 
strivings of the Holy Spirit to bring me home to God ; 
but I have proven too strong for their combined forces, 
yea, too strong for Omnipotence itself; and all this 
originated in the fatal delusion of procrastination — Time 
enough yet." My brother, art thou the deluded one ? 
Art thou the unhappy spirit led to build thy flimsy 
hopes of a return to God upon a future day ? Stop I 
stop, and think I No longer delay : sport not upon the 
very brink of woe : " time is flying ; death urging ; 
knells calling ; hell threatening." Up I God bless thee, 
up I and be escaping to the city of refuge. Now is the 
time — the accepted time — to-day (not to-morrow) is the 
day of salvation ; for by procrastination many will 
seek to enter in, and shall not be able. I ask again, 
Will it be thou ? It will not be, if from this very moment 
thou turn to God, and every sin most carefully and con- 
scientiously forsake. May God help thee I 

We will now in a brief manner enforce the exhorta- 
tion, " Strive to enter in." 



320 APPENDIX. 

The original word, agonizesthe, literally means, ago- 
nize ; so that onr text may read, Agonize to enter in. 
The plain English of agony is, a contest ; anguish ; 
solicitude ; conflict ; a battle ; a word used to denote 
the athletic games in ancient Greece ; extreme pain of 
body or of mind ; the sufferings of our Sayiour in the 
garden of Gethsemane. 

In our text it particularly means effort, untiring and 
unceasing effort ; and most assuredly, if any thing on 
earth demands untiring effort, it is the salvation and 
final happiness of our immortal souls. 

Nothing great, grand, glorious, or beneficial to man- 
kind in this world can be consummated without effort. 
Does the student desire to excel in literature? You 
find him " trimming the midnight lamp, and catching 
the dawn of day ;" poring over his musty books with 
an effort that shows his fixed purpose of treading the 
topmost peak of the hill of science. The thrifty farmer, 
by untiring effort, adds house to house, and field to 
field. He well knows that " he who regards the clouds 
shall not reap." Hence, day in and day out finds him 
contending against opposing elements, and striving 
with might and main annually to add some little more 
to his possessions. His efforts succeed, and he is 
necessitated at times to pull down his old barns and 
build greater, having no place where to bestow his 
goods. The prosperous merchant hesitates not to 
embark on the tempestuous seas ; to visit foreign ports ; 
to leave wife, children, relatives, and friends, to sojourn 
for months among strangers, and perhaps foes ; and all 
this effort, toil, exposure, and privation, to add a little 
moTG pelf to his already accuTxm\sA,^i \kwysasA^- ^V<5k 



to him : widi wTurlike anin? iai»^ up hk iiiarvh (v>r iht^ 
field of V^uie : nKnir>ile^ of coii5^\(\h>ihx>!^ ho ruiijio^ 
amain aninst oj^Ksing spears swonJ:*;. ami caiUHvu^ 
with courage, ^isolation, and determined effort to jerain 
the battle. He succeeds^ hut in so doiujar manv of hb 
army are slain : he himself is wounded — the srr\>ans and 
shrieks of the dvinsr, both of friends and foes, afieet him 
not- He literallv wades throufirh blood to eonsummato 
the entire overthrow of the enemy. It is aeeompUshed* 
Does he repent the hazardous campaign? Not at all* 
TVhr not? Because the laudators notes of hundnnb 
await him upon his arrival at home, 

The jurist — the attorney — ^has a very important case> 
committed to his trusts Whlat effort !^— dav and niijht 
racking his invention. When no data can be affonled 
by the letter of the law, he is plotting ways and mean8« 
by intrigue, cunning, artifice, and chicanery, to giiin his 
point : a large fee awaits him if successful. He sjwres 
no labor, energy, effort ; continued effort at the Inir 
with judge and jury plainly show his zeal and vehen^out 
desire in favor of his client. And why all this ado, 
this striving, this agonizing, this apparent anguish of 
mind ? Pelf, trash, money, is the spring and cause of 
all the zeal, the sweat, toil, and effort of the attorney. 
Are not the children of this world in their generation 
wiser than the children of light ? 

We might introduce the statesman, the offico-huntor, 
the mechanic, etc., down to tlie foot-peddler, and show 
how all are striving to accomplish thoir ends, and to 
gain their wished-for objects ; but wo will merely advert 
to another character to point out the absurdity and 
14* 



822 APPENDIX. 

gross inconsistency of the lukewarm and indolent pro- 
fessor of religion. Your little child, in its playful per- 
ambulations, has lost its way back to home. Are you 
sitting in a careless and indifferent manner, apparently 
unconcerned whether or not it ever return ? No, no ; 
this would be contrary to your nature. Your child, 
perhaps your only child, is lost. Parental feelings are all 
awake, And all in effort, untiring and unceasing effort. 
You call to your aid the entire neighborhood : hills and 
hillocks, dales and valleys, forests and plains, every 
nook and comer of fences, and every little thicket, are 
carefully searched: the oft-repeated and loud call is 
heard in the distance, " My child, my child, where are 
you?" Sleep has departed from your eyes, slumber 
from your eyelids ; your stomach loathes food ; you 
are all agitation; every nerve becomes unstrung; 
nature feels like yielding to the weight of parental 
grief; yet you know that were your child to die, it 
would go straight home to heaven. But you cannot give 
it up — continued effort and agonizing must go on until 
it is found. Brethren, I leave you to make the appli- 
cation. 

A valuable animal has strayed off, or been stolen 
from you. Do you seek that animal in a lazy and care- 
less manner ? Do you merely inquire of the traveller 
on the highway? Rather, do you not enter into the 
by-paths, the hedges, the fields, and in every possible 
place where you think he might be found ? Yea, the 
gazette announces his departure, with a promised re- 
ward for his apprehension and return to you. What is 
the loss of a valuable animal, or of ten thousand such, 
to the loss of your immortal soul ? 



APPSNDIX. S23 

Yon have mislaid eren a tea dollar bill. Effort and 
continued effort, is made to find it. This universal 
principle in man, of care, attention, and due regard to 
his property, is beautifnllr illustrated by our Lord in 
the parable of the shepherd with his hundred sheep, 
who having lost one of them, left the ninety-and-nine, 
and went in search of the one that was lost ; and of 
the woman with ten pieces of silver, who having lost 
one piece, swept her house and searched diligently 
until she found it. Strange, passing strange, that .the 
same principle does not actuate us in our spiritual and 
eternal concerns! However, St. Paul gives us a key 
which unlocks this great mystery, namely, " The things 
which are seen are temporal; but the things which 
are not seen are eternal." God, in his providence of 
grace and mercy, has seen proper that we should 
"walk by faith, not by sight." "Thomas, because 
thou hast seen me, thou hast believed ; blessed are tlioy 
that have not seen, and yet have believed." No special 
blessing was pronounced upon Thomas by our Lord, 
because his faith was founded upon ocular demonstra- 
tion. The special and peculiar blessing belongs to those 
who walk by faith, not by sight; and who can say 
in relation to Christ, with St, Peter, " Whom having 
not seen, we love." 

A house is on fire — it caught in the lower story — ^in 
the upper is a youth unconscious of his danger ; he dis- 
covers it not until several of the lower steps of the 
stairs are all in a blaze. He rushes thither to make his 
way down, but too late : he can neither pass through 
nor overleap the flames. He returns back ; but docs he 
fold his arms together, exclaiming, "A little more sleep, 



324 APPENDIX. 

a little more slumber ?" Nay : lie runs to the window. 
His parents outside are begging him to leap out ; but 
0, the height I' he dreads the result. All is eiGFort with 
him — ^not a moment lost — ^he runs again to the stair- 
case, every step now in a blaze — ^to the window again 
he flies. Father and mother beg him to leap out — ^tell- 
ing him that it would be better to die in their arms 
than in the fire. The flame is gaining on him — ^the 
smoke is sufifocating him : to the window he again flies, 
exclaiming, " If I perish, I perish. To stay where I am 
is certain death; to leap out of the window is but 
death. I may be saved." He makes the leap, and saves 
his life. 0, sinner, make the application to thy own 
state ! The wrath of God is revealed from heaven against 
thee : it is above thee, all around thee, and ready to 
burst forth in one eternal peal upon thy guilty soul. 
Christ is the only ark of safety — flee to him. Stay 
where thou art, thy doom is fixed — nothing but death 
eternal. Christ may receive thee ; God may yet be 
merciful unto thee. Make the trial : throw thyself 
entire upon the merits of Christ, who never yet has 
suffered a sincere penitent to perish at his feet. Now 
is thy time to strive to enter in — to use the necessary 
eflforts for thy own salvation, working it out with fear 
and trembling, for now God is working in thee both to 
will and to do of his own good pleasure. 

Permit us here to relate a circumstance quite in 
point, descriptive of this agonizing effort to enter in at 
the strait gate. A certain family was visited every 
fortnight by a pious clergyman, with a view of praying 
with them, and catechizing their children. The father 
and mother were members of his Church. The eldest 



aaiK ic TM max of t^z%t «r>£ ^s^yvi^rjc ^^"^ an»^, y^s*^ 
jLiji ^-^ ids; ^t i«r vwsrwr it^N^y^ *t ^ tfcvt v>f 

tea o'ci:»2k A, M, EiiaV^ ^^y^ytjir^ ft\^»i ih^ 
&sihr: dzLucsr «ra»? oc: jibe fc <tlUl^^i :i^:r^in ^n4 

the i«icii't*cc^«>d : in Ae ertaiiiwr ifc<^ nnU^H^u) fe 
drained. ik>i tnoirinir but tkut $!><' jh<v$\^hxw!1\' wi^ibf 
haxe ikZien in and haire b^eti lirowt^iNl : w^i^>:bN\\[^ An\i 
all coniimie the sieaurch until aK^mt dovx^n oVKvk ^1 
night. The dif^eonf^late p«r«it? retiro h> IkhJ in \Uvj\ 
distress. About midni^t a r^p i^ss hi>anl «l Ou^ d\MM\ 
The &ther inquires, ••Who i;s thoit*?'' Tht^ d«\vu''^'<^^' 
answers. The mother leaj^ej mu of IhhI — r\«w h> hox^ ^ 
ts^es her in her arms, exclaimJiijr, ** KUxnln^tlu why 
did you serve us thus?'' **Ah !'• «m iilu\ " M« I If yo\i 
only knew what the Lortl has dono ftxr u\y pot^r m>\\l» 
you would not blame me* Whon I mot vow \\\ tl\o t\>oi 
of the staircase — saw tlio bijr toars sttMvllwjjf tlown vo\u* 
cheek — ^heard the heart-rendinj^ inquiry» * Why «tm<>ht 
when good is going on?' it went liko a daf(^>r to \\\y 
inmost soul. I immediately went anti hhl mynolf \\\ 
the wood-pile; there to pray, and thon^ <o Hlny, until 
God spoke peace to my soul, lie han lnMinl my oi\y «- 



826 APPENDIX. 

my soul is now happy in the Lord. Mother, don't 
blame me." 

Here was effort, continued and determined ejQFort: 
here was striving, ay, agonizing to enter in — and in 
she got ; and so will it be with all others who thus re- 
solve on seeking their souls' salvation. 

In enforcing the exhortation in our text, we would 
admonish the believer to continue striving. EiBFort, 
effort is necessary on our part all the way upward and 
onward to the kingdom of glory. " For we wrestle not 
against flesh and blood, but against principalities, 
against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of 
this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places." 
The devil continues, as of old, " going about seeking 
whom he may devour ;" and those whom he well knows 
he cannot devour he is determined to worry, and to 
render their road to heaven as rough as he possibly 
can. Effort by him is not wanting : day and night he 
is on the alert to mar our peace, to impede our spiritual 
progress, and, if possible, to cause us to faint and tire 
in the good way. Hence we should take upon us " the 
whole armor of God, that we may be able to withstand 
in the evil day, and having done all to stand." 

We should most assiduously strive against unbelief. 
It is a very successful and pernicious weapon of the 
wicked one, causing us to doubt, and finally " to forget 
that we were purged from our old sins ;" instilling into 
our minds difBculties, and then positive doubts in rela- 
tion to the atonement made by Christ ; suggesting the 
absolute impossibility of being saved from all sin; 
quoting Scripture, (as he has been accustomed,) such as. 



APPENDIX. 827 

"There is no man which sinneth not," "If we say 
we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and th^truth is 
not in ns," etc., etc. And, of course, if we are led to 
doubt the eflScacv of Christ^s blood to cleanse us firom 
all sin, we shall not agonize as we should for this scrip- 
tural and inestimable blessing. True, there is a mys- 
tery in ascertaining the manner of eiGFecting this glori- 
ous change in the heart of man ; but there is a mystery 
in every thing we see, hear, or feel ; and he that doubts 
things that he cannot comprehend, may doubt all 
muscular motion, the power and faculty of speech, of 
vision, and of hearing; ay, even his own existence. 
In physics, in physiology, in natural philosophy, yea, in 
mathematics, the science of demonstration itself, there 
are incomprehensibilities as well as in theology. It 
behooves us, as poor, short-sighted, and imbecile crea- 
tures, to take Grod at his word, and that which "v^e can- 
not unriddle, let us learn to trust. 

Permit not doubts or unbelief to prevent your enter- 
ing into the fiiU and glorious enjoyment of sanctifying 
grace ; and when once made a participant of this scrip- 
tural privilege, your doubts will all vanish, whilst the 
language of your heart will be, " Come and hear, all ye 
that fear God, and I will declare what he hath done for 
my soul." What is it, my brother? Why, "As far as 
the east is from the west, so far hath he removed my 
transgressions from me." Let it be your incessant cry : 

<< Bemove this hardness from my heart, 
This unbelief remove ; 
To me the rest of faith impart, 
The Sabbath of thy love." 



828 APPBNDIX. 

We must strive hard and incessantly against pride. 
It is the besetting sin of hundreds and thousands : sup- 
posed to be the very downfall of the devil, once an 
angel of light, but who, unfortunately, thought it better 
" to rule in hell than serve in heaven." Of all incon- 
gruities, absurdities, or inconsistencies that can charac- 
terize man, pride is the greatest. Proud of what? 
Your talents? your oflSce in Church or state? your 
wealth? your equipage? your fine carriages and comely 
steeds? your attire? your gold watches, bracelets, 
chains, and rings? your elegant form and beautiful 
face? your superb dwelling and costly furniture? 
man ! woman I from whom did you derive all these 
things on which you are vaunting and priding yourself 
from day to day? Are they not from God? who by 
one almighty stroke could blast and destroy them all. 
Yes, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, all, all 
could be snatched from you. At best it will not be long 
before all the fine clothes that you will need will be a 
shroud to wrap you up in : all the superb building 
needed will be composed of six pieces of plank : all the 
fertile land demanded will be six feet in length and 
four in breadth. Listen to the heavenly mandate: 
" Thus saith the Lord, Let not the wise man glory in 
his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his 
might, let not the rich man glory in his riches ; but 
him that glorieth, let him glory in this, that he under- 
standeth and knoweth me, that I am the Lord which 
exercise loving-kindness, judgment, and righteousness in 
the earth ; for in these things I delight, saith the 
Lord." Jer. ix. 23, 24. Hence, 



APPENDIX. $29 

«If wisdom, strength, osr riches be thy lot, 
Boast not, but nther think thou hast them not: 
One God alone, from whom those gifts proceed, 
Is wise, is mighty, and is rich indeed.'* 

Brethren beloved, strire earnestly, and daily strive 
against pride. It " swells a haughty worm," and may 
swell you so large that you will not be able to squeeze 
into the strait gate. May the good Lord kill in all of ua 
this rebel sin — this detestable and hateful passion. ** For 
thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth etei> 
nity, I dwell in the high and holy place ; wiili him also 
that is of a contrite heart and humble spirit, to revive 
the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the 
contrite ones." Again: "God resisteth the proud, but 
giveth grace to the humble." 

We might enlarge upon this momentous subject in 
enforcing the mandate of our blessed Lord, " Strive to 
enter in at the strait gate." Suffice us merely to add : 
Strive against prejudice — ^against worldly-mindeduess— 
against the maxims and fashions of an ungodly world. 

Strive to keep in view your great responsibility to 
God ; your shortness of time on earth ; the lengtli of 
that eternity to which you are hastening. Strive to 
live one day at a time. 

Strive to lay up treasures in heaven : to be daily 
thinking and meditating about heaven. 

Strive to love your Bible ; to love your closet devo- 
tions ; to love your class-meetings ; ay, to love all the 
means of grace — all the ordinances of the house of 
God. 

In short, strive to be a consistent, constant, humble, 
sincere, and holy follower of the Lord Jesus Christ at 



880 APPENDIX. 

all times, in all places, and under all circumstances; 
and it will not be long — entering fully into the strait 
gate — ^before you will possess a right to the tree 
of life, and enter in through the gates into the city 
whose builder and maker is God — ^the new Jerusalem ; 
the home of weary, blood-washed pilgrims ; the rest of 
the laborious and untiring servants of God ; the inherit- 
ance undefiled, incorruptible, and that fadeth not away ; 
the meeting-place of husbands and wives, of parents 
and children, of masters and servants— -of many loved 
ones on earth, not related by affinity, or consanguinity, 
or domestic ties ; the place where preachers and their 
beloved charges all, all shall meet, never again to sepa- 
rate, but to unite with the patriarchs, prophets, and 
saints of old — ^with the apostles, martyrs, and primi- 
tive Christians — ^with angels, archangels, seraphim, and 
cherubim, and all the redeemed of the Lord, of every 
tongue and nation on earth. blessed home I who 
would not strive to reach it I 

Some of my old acquaintances may recollect my 
preaching on this subject. Several times, in different 
places, since I first took it for a text fifty years ago, 
have I endeavored to descant upon it for the benefit of 
the people ; but never again will you see me limping 
into the pulpit, and, after the hymns, prayers, and 
lessons, reading for my text, " Strive to enter in at the 
strait gate ; for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter 
in, and shall not be able." No, brethren, never again 
shall I enjoy this privilege on earth. Those halcyon 
days are to be numbered with the past. But permit 
me to say to you, (not vauntingly,) my soul is yet in the 
same good old work oi \a\iOT\o\3L^ S&ast^\:iC^ -^ ^>sA'^\ss!^ 



APPENDIX. 831 

physical powers would but admit it, my heaven on earth 
would be to go round the circuit or the district preach- 
ing Christ and him crucified. 

In reading this, my semi-centennial sermon, imperfect 
as it is, I hope you will do it with a prayerful and 
docile spirit ; that you will appreciate its Bible truths ; 
and, for the sake of your aged and affectionate friend, 
but more especially for your own sake, you will double 
your diligence in making your calling and election sure ; 
that you will strive with greater effort than hitherto to 
be the entire Christian, loving God with a perfect 
heart, serving him with a willing mind, doing all things 
to his glory, and that continually. May the Lord bless 
you, and help you to 

"Walk before God, be perfect here, 
And then go up to heaven." 



THE END. 



OF THE 

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as far as possible, and presenting the most available results of the recent explorsr 
tions in Palestine and other countries mentioned in the Bible. A vast amount of 
labor has been expended upon the work, which makes a magnificent octavo of 1113 
pages, uniform with the Institutes. 

WATSON*S INSTITITTES. 

THEOLOGICAL INSTITirTES ; or, a View of the Evidences, Doctrines, 
Morals, and Institutions of Christianily. By Biohard Watson. 
Edited by T. 0. Summers, D.D. 8vo, pp. 771. $3 00. 

This new and elegant edition has been brought out with immense labor. Numer- 
ous errors, found in previous editions, have been corrected in this : the quotations 
from Scripture have been verified and corrected : a complete Scriptural Index has 
been added ; also, a very copious Analytical Index, and an Index of Greek terms. 
The type, though not large, is clear and legible, being leaded, in double columns. 
The New York Christian Advocate and Journal says : " We acknowledge gratefully 
the obligation of both the Church and the country to the Southern Book Concern for 
a new and unique edition of Walson^s Institutes. Unique we call it, for the whole of 
that elaborate work is comprised in one noble octavo. It is in double columns, on 
excellent paper, and the type, instead of being inconveniently small, is precisely of 
that niodiiun size and clear impression as to render the volume suitable for almost 
any eyes. Tlio publishers have certainly hit a capital experiment in getting out this 
edition, and it cannot but be universally satisfactory. The editor, Dr. Summers, de- 
serves special credit for the scholarly manner in which he has performed his task.*' 

LIFE OF JOHN WESLET. 

LH^ OE REV. JOHN WESLEY, A.M., Sometime Fellow of Lincoln 
College, Oxford. To which are subjoined Observations on Southey's 
Life of Wesley; being a Defence of the Character, Labors, and 
Opinions of the Founder of Methodism, against the misrepresenta- 
tions of that publication. By Bichard Watson. A new edition, 
with Notes by T. 0. Summers, D.D. 12mo. $1. 

It is scarcely necessary to say the " Life" is the most judicious biography ot\ 
Wesley, and the ** Observations" are the most able defence of Wesley and of Method- 
ism ever written. In answering Southey, Mr. Watson answered a thousand smaller 
men, who are still repeating his miBTepTcaeuloAaouft. T\i\ft%^\\\o\v\v«A\i«»Ti^i»x«!l\Kcs 
revised from the last London edition, and a iww <idiV>t\aX xlo\/» \«.^<!k\««\v «^^«A. \» 
£t it more fully to our own country and time. ^